Swipe launches KONNECT at Rs. 4,999 Exclusively on Snapdeal        

by Shrutee K/DNS 

India, 4th August 2017: Swipe Technologies, India’s leading mobile internet technology company, is all set to unveil brand new member in its popular KONNECT Series - Swipe KONNECT Power.  The slim and sturdy smartphone sports 5” HD IPS display and boasts enormous 3000 mAh battery.  The compelling feature rich Swipe KONNECT Power is competitively priced at Rs. 4,999 only. It will be available exclusively on Snapdeal from 7th August 2017.

Swipe KONNECT Power is driven by a powerful 1.5GHz quad core processor that runs on Android 6.0 OS for lag-free multi-tasking smartphone experience. It comes with 2 GB RAM plus 16 GB internal memory, expandable up to 32 GB and OTG support enhances the storage options. The new 4G VoLTE-ready KONNECT Power features 5” HD IPS display that allows users to enjoy cleaner & sharper visuals at the highest resolution. Besides, this device has a very sleek body that makes the phone very stylish in its looks. That’s not all. For the photography enthusiast, KONNECT Power comes with 8MP Rear Camera and 5MP Front Camera. The camera app also comes with lots of features to enhance the photography. The new phone gives an extended company to the user with its 3000 mAh battery, which is installed keeping in mind the daily lifestyle and usage patterns of young smartphone users.  Commenting on the launch of KONNECT Power, Mr. Shripal Gandhi, Founder and CEO of Swipe Technologies said: “Fulfilling aspirations of demanding Indians at affordable price is what differentiates Swipe from other smartphone players.  Our latest creation is yet another affordable device under the KONNECT series – KONNECT Power. It is designed for the aspiring youth of the country who requires long lasting battery that too with 2GB RAM yet the phone is light on pocket.”
Vishal Chadha, Sr.Vice President – Business said: “As part of our commitment to the vision of Digital India, we are keen to bring our consumers access to compelling technology products at great value. With Swipe Konnect Power, we are confident that this newest exclusive addition to our smartphone assortment will be well received by our customers”
Swipe KONNECT Power comes with a gorgeous design, and it has a smoother touch experience as well as comfortable grip. Customers will be able to enjoy a greater multimedia experience, as they can capture stunning photos and videos in virtually any lighting condition.
About Swipe Technologies:
Swipe Technologies is an innovation-centric mobility solutions company, having started its operations in July 2012. Within a short span of time, Swipe has become the leading tablet and Smartphone maker in India.   Swipe was started with an aim to bring exciting devices in the growing Indian market and today, it is the leading consumer brand with key innovations across products, pricing and customer support. Founded by technocrat Mr. Shripal Gandhi, Swipe raised $5 million in May 2014 from the Venture Capital firm Kalaari Capital. In the last three years, Swipe has won a number of accolades including the “Top 50 Inspiring Entrepreneurs of India” by The Economic Times, the “Most Innovation-driven Company in India” by World Brand Congress, and the “Most Innovative Start-up” by Franchise India, the “Best Integrated Campaign” by the World Brand and Congress& the “Best Youth Brand Tablet” by CNBC. Also, Swipe’s young founder Mr. Shripal Gandhi has been recognized as the “CNBC Young Turks” for his breakthrough strategies and innovation in the field of mobile communication technologies. For details, logon to www.justswipe.com

           Virtual care facility serves remote patients, may reduce readmissions        
none
          Gli infiniti possibili di Giorgio Sollazzi, musicista        
All'epoca ero molto ingenuo e molto presuntuoso e pensavo di poter scrivere “recensioni” di grandi opere musicali del passato. Le pubblicavo su un sito commerciale (che esiste ancora oggi). Quando mi venivano bene, erano “schede" molto pedantesche, contenenti le stesse informazioni che si possono trovare su una qualsiasi garzantina. Infatti, qualche anno dopo, quando Wikipedia arrivò in Italia, smisi di farmi sfruttare dal sito commerciale e trovai quella che probabilmente è la mia vera vocazione internettiana.

Ad ogni modo fu sul sito commerciale che conobbi Giorgio Sollazzi. Anche lui scriveva recensioni. Con la prima, importante differenza che lui è musicista, e quindi sa di cosa scrive, e con una seconda differenza: le sue recensioni erano avvincenti, estrose, godibilissime, anche e soprattutto quando sembrava che non avessero nulla a che fare col brano musicale che - in teoria - ne costituiva l'oggetto. Le recensioni di Giorgio non parlavano precisamente né del brano musicale “in sé”, né della sua ricezione da parte dell'ascoltatore-recensore. Si situavano, piuttosto, in qualche punto lungo la relazione fra questi due elementi, come un acrobata in equilibrio su un filo, o come uno dei fuochi di due specchi parabolici contrapposti. Non per niente “mirrors” (con la m minuscola) era il nickname che Giorgio si era scelto.

A un certo punto Giorgio uscì dal sito e cancellò il suo account. Dev'essere per questo che, cercando ora qualcuna delle meravigliose recensioni di mirrors, non ne trovo nessuna. Qualche tempo dopo si iscrisse nuovamente con un altro nickname e cominciò a pubblicare recensioni di forma più tradizionale, ma sempre molto belle, come ad esempio questa, sulla settima di Beethoven.

L'interpretazione verbale di un brano musicale è sempre un grosso azzardo. "Scrivere di musica è come ballare di architettura", diceva Frank Zappa. Le descrizioni che amo di più sono quelle di musiche inesistenti, come la sonata di Vinteuil in Proust o le composizioni immaginate da Thomas Mann nel Doktor Faustus. Proust mescolava genialmente le carte, inventandosi una sonata per violino e pianoforte che prendeva un po' dalla Sonata in re minore di César Franck, un po' da un quintetto di Saint-Saëns, senza essere né l'una né l'altro; in piena coerenza, d'altronde, con la sua estetica, dove non esistono "descrizioni" "realistiche" del "mondo esterno". Quanto a Mann, Arnold Schönberg s'inalberò quando seppe che la sua musica aveva ispirato quella del romanzo, al punto da pretendere una smentita da parte dello scrittore. E dal suo punto di vista Schönberg aveva anche ragione, in quanto Mann interpretava la dodecafonia come un fenomeno di dissoluzione morale, che era quanto di più lontano dagli intenti del severo musicista.

Ma anche divagare è un'arte, che a me non riesce: ci provo inutilmente, per poi subito ricadere nel mio solito modo di scrivere pedestre e nozionistico. Dunque, meglio rimanere on topic e parlare di Giorgio Sollazzi. Ecco: quando lo conobbi, non attraversavo quello che si dice un buon periodo. Mi ero laureato, avevo fatto il servizio civile, abitavo a casa dei miei in provincia, lontanissimo dall'università e dai miei amici di laggiù. Gli altri miei amici, quelli del liceo, erano sparsi in giro per l'Italia. Facevo pratica in uno studio legale. Ero, in sostanza, disoccupato, e mi sentivo terribilmente solo e senza prospettive. L'amicizia epistolare con Giorgio mi aiutò a tenermi in piedi. Ci scambiavamo commenti e messaggi sul sito commerciale (che fungeva anche un po' da social network), email, ma anche lettere cartacee: ricordo un plico meraviglioso che egli mi spedì con un CD che aveva masterizzato per me. Dentro c'erano un brano di Stockhausen, Il canto sospeso di Nono, un coro dal Trovatore, e non ricordo cos'altro.

A quel tempo Internet non aveva ancora stravolto la distribuzione della musica. C'era Napster, ma con le connessioni lente di allora non è che si riuscisse a scaricare granché. Per ascoltare musica bisognava ancora affidarsi alla radio, oppure ordinare il disco al negozio e aspettare che arrivasse. C'era poi una circolazione semiclandestina di audiocassette duplicate artigianalmente, che passavano di mano in mano come samizdat. Tutta una dimensione romantica, di scoperta, che si è persa dal momento in cui è bastato digitare un nome su un motore di ricerca per avere subito a disposizione l'intera produzione di qualsiasi musicista antico o contemporaneo.

Poco tempo fa ho chiesto a Giorgio se, come musicista, non si sentisse stimolato da questa odierna vasta disponibilità di musiche, e come mai ciò non lo inducesse a scrivere in una tale, enorme varietà di stili e di linguaggi: oggi un brano dodecafonico, domani uno pop, dopodomani uno free jazz, e via dicendo. Non ricordo esattamente il tenore della mia domanda - che comunque era piuttosto stupida, si capisce. Ricordo invece perfettamente la replica di Giorgio: fare come gli suggerivo io - mi ha risposto - avrebbe forse aumentato il suo tasso di libertà ma avrebbe diminuito il tasso di scelta.

In uno dei suoi romanzi, Nicola Lagioia offre alcune riflessioni molto interessanti a proposito del ritrovare sui social network i propri amici di gioventù. Queste amicizie del mondo reale divenute poi virtuali - osserva Lagioia - hanno una strana consistenza umbratile. Simile a quella degli spiriti nell'undicesimo libro dell'Odissea (o nel sesto dell'Eneide), aggiungerei io. Colpa del mezzo, evidentemente, e non dell'amicizia in sé - ma questo è un altro discorso.

Conosco Giorgio da sedici anni e non ci siamo mai incontrati di persona: solo via Internet, e qualche volta per telefono. Però non ho mai avvertito come un limite la virtualità della nostra amicizia. Forse perché nel suo caso manca il confronto con l'immagine mnemonica della persona reale, o forse per il felice paradosso che Giorgio riesce a realizzare nelle sue comunicazioni virtuali, allo stesso tempo lievi e intense.

Sto pensando che “lieve” e “intenso” potrebbero essere i due primi aggettivi che mi vengono in mente ascoltando la musica di Giorgio. Mi rendo conto che come contributo critico è parecchio inadeguato, ma ho già detto che non sono del mestiere. Giorgio ha esposto la sua poetica (o almeno, una delle sue poetiche) in uno scritto che potete trovare qui.

In questo saggio, Giorgio prende le mosse dal personaggio di Amleto (con annesso spettro del re di Danimarca?) per proporre una sua complessa concezione della composizione, come “apparizione” o “evocazione” di “potenziali”. 

Shakespeare era un altro interesse che ci univa quando scrivevamo sul sito commerciale. Giorgio ha molto riflettuto, e qualcosa ha anche scritto, sia in prosa sia in musica, sulla figura di Amleto.


Quanto a me, partendo dalla constatazione che su Internet in italiano c'era ancora poco materiale sull'argomento, mi ero messo in testa di compilare e mettere on line una "recensione" per ciascuno dei drammi del Bardo. Tanto ero sprovveduto, a quell'epoca.

Più tardi abbandonai l'insano progetto, assieme alle mie velleità di anglista, e praticamente smisi di leggere Shakespeare. Oggi amo recarmi, di quando in quando, a visitare l'abbazia cistercense di Morimondo. Questo non c'entra nulla con quanto ho detto finora. Però nell'abbazia c'è un bel coro ligneo di epoca rinascimentale.

Ogni volta che lo vedo recito mentalmente la prima quartina del Sonetto LXXIII.

La migliore traduzione italiana è quella di Ungaretti:

"Quel tempo in me vedere puoi dell'anno
Quando già niuna foglia, o rara gialla in sospeso, rimane
Ai rami che affrontando il freddo tremano,
Cori spogliati rovinati dove gli uccelli cantarono, dolci".

Di solito i commentatori sottolineano il senso di desolazione che promana da quei bare ruin'd choirs, vuoti, semidistrutti e muti. Sta di fatto che Shakespeare, mentre ce li descrive, riesce in qualche modo a farcene riascoltare il suono. Forse questa è una delle cose che il poeta vuole dirci: la memoria, aiutata dall'arte, può riuscire ad evocare la musica di un coro assente.














          '..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention .. Financial politicians..' (no replies)        
'..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention..'

'This Fed has already engineered the next crisis, just as Greenspan kept rates too low for too long, ignored his regulatory responsibility, and engineered the housing bubble and subprime crisis. If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention. The Trump Fed is going to have to deal with that crisis, but we still have many questions as to what a Trump Fed will actually look like or do.'

John Mauldin (Source, Jun 25, 2017)


'..Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

'Powerful people everywhere routinely make decisions that hurt others. We see it in central bankers, politicians, corporate CEOs, religious groups, universities – any large organization. The old saying is right: Power really does corrupt. And corruption is a barrier to sustainable economic growth. This is more than a political problem; it has a serious economic impact.

Recent psychological research suggests that powerful people behave remarkably like traumatic brain injury victims. Controlled experiments show that, given power over others, people often become impulsive and less sensitive to risk. Most important, test subjects often lose empathy, that is, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others.

..

Powerful people also lose a capacity called “mirroring.” When we observe other people doing something, our brains react as if we were doing the same thing. It’s why, when you watch a sporting event, you may unconsciously mimic a golf swing or the referee’s hand signals. Some portion of your brain thinks you are really there. But when researchers prime test subjects with powerful feelings, their mirroring capacity decreases.

You can see why this is a problem. The Protected-class members of the Federal Open Market Committee must feel quite powerful when they gather in that fancy room to make policy decisions. It’s no wonder they forget how their decisions will affect regular working-class people: Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

- Patrick Watson, The Wedge Goes Deeper, June 30, 2017


'..I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest..'

'Re-entering the news flow was a jolt, and not in a good way. Looking with fresh eyes at the economic numbers and central bankers’ statements convinced me that we will soon be in deep trouble. I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest. Just a few months ago, I thought we could avoid a crisis and muddle through. Now I think we’re past that point. The key decision-makers have (1) done nothing, (2) done the wrong thing, or (3) done the right thing too late.

Having realized this, I’m adjusting my research efforts. I believe a major crisis is coming. The questions now are, how severe will it be, and how will we get through it? With the election of President Trump and a Republican Congress, your naïve analyst was hopeful that we would get significant tax reform, in addition to reform of a healthcare system that is simply devastating to so many people and small businesses. I thought maybe we’d see this administration cutting through some bureaucratic red tape quickly. With such reforms in mind I was hopeful we could avoid a recession even if a crisis developed in China or Europe.

..

One news item I didn’t miss on St. Thomas – and rather wish I had – was Janet Yellen’s reassurance regarding the likelihood of another financial crisis. Here is the full quote.

Would I say there will never, ever be another financial crisis? You know probably that would be going too far, but I do think we’re much safer, and I hope that it will not be in our lifetimes and I don’t believe it will be. [emphasis added]

I disagree with almost every word in those two sentences, but my belief is less important than Chair Yellen’s. If she really believes this, then she is oblivious to major instabilities that still riddle the financial system. That’s not good.

..

Financial politicians (which is what central bankers really are) have a long history of saying the wrong things at the wrong time. Far worse, they simply fail to tell the truth. Former Eurogroup leader Jean-Claude Juncker admitted as much: “When it becomes serious, you have to lie,” he said in the throes of Europe’s 2011 debt crisis.'

- John Mauldin, Prepare for Turbulence, July 9, 2017


'..Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

'This week marks the five-year anniversary of Draghi’s “whatever it takes.” I remember the summer of 2012 as if it were yesterday. From the Bubble analysis perspective, it was a Critical Juncture – for financial markets and risk perceptions, for policy and for the global economy. Italian 10-year yields hit 6.60% on July 24, 2012. On that same day, Spain saw yields surge to 7.62%. Italian banks were in freefall, while European bank stocks (STOXX600) were rapidly approaching 2009 lows. Having risen above 55 in 2011, Deutsche Bank traded at 23.23 on July 25, 2012.

It was my view at the time that the “European” crisis posed a clear and immediate threat to the global financial system. A crisis of confidence in Italian debt (and Spanish and “periphery” debt) risked a crisis of confidence in European banks – and a loss of confidence in European finance risked dismantling the euro monetary regime.

Derivatives markets were in the crosshairs back in 2012. A crisis of confidence in European debt and the euro would surely have tested the derivatives marketplace to the limits. Moreover, with the big European banks having evolved into dominant players in derivatives trading (taking share from U.S. counterparts after the mortgage crisis), counter-party issues were at the brink of becoming a serious global market problem. It’s as well worth mentioning that European banks were major providers of finance for emerging markets.

From the global government finance Bubble perspective, Draghi’s “whatever it takes” was a seminal development. The Bernanke Fed employed QE measures during the 2008 financial crisis to accommodate deleveraging and stabilize dislocated markets. Mario Draghi leapfrogged (helicopter) Bernanke, turning to open-ended QE and other extreme measures to preserve euro monetary integration. No longer would QE be viewed as a temporary crisis management tool. And just completely disregard traditional monetary axiom that central banks should operate as lender of last resort in the event of temporary illiquidity – but must avoid propping up the insolvent. “Whatever it takes” advocates covert bailouts for whomever and whatever a small group of central bankers chooses – illiquid, insolvent, irredeemable or otherwise. Now five years after the first utterance of “whatever it takes,” the Draghi ECB is still pumping out enormous amounts of “money” on a monthly basis (buying sovereigns and corporates) with rates near zero.

..

Thinking back five years, U.S. markets at the time were incredibly complacent. The risk of crisis in Europe was downplayed: Policymakers had it all under control. Sometime later, the Financial Times - in a fascinating behind-the-scenes exposé - confirmed the gravity of the situation and how frazzled European leaders were at the brink of losing control. Yet central bankers, once again, saved the day – further solidifying their superhero status.

I’m convinced five years of “whatever it takes” took the global government finance Bubble deeper into perilous uncharted territory. Certainly, markets are more complacent than ever, believing central bankers are fully committed to prolonging indefinitely the securities bull market. Meanwhile, leverage, speculative excess and trend-following flows have had an additional five years to accumulate. Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

- Doug Noland, Five Years of Whatever It Takes, July 29, 2017


'..This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.'

'While I've written about numerous valuation measures over time, the most reliable ones share a common feature: they focus on identifying "sufficient statistics" for the very, very long-term stream of cash flows that stocks can be expected to deliver into the hands of investors over time. On that front, revenues are typically more robust "sufficient statistics" than current or year-ahead earnings. See Exhaustion Gaps and the Fear of Missing Out for a table showing the relative reliability of a variety of measures. In April 2007, I estimated that an appropriate valuation for the S&P 500 stood about 850, roughly -40% lower than prevailing levels. By the October peak, the prospective market loss to normal valuation had increased to about -46%. As it happened, the subsequent collapse of the housing bubble took the S&P 500 about -55% lower. In late-October 2008, as the market plunge crossed below historically reliable valuation norms, I observed that the S&P 500 had become undervalued on our measures.

Again attempting to “stimulate” the economy from the recession that followed, the Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to zero in recent years, provoking yet another episode of yield-seeking speculation, where yield-starved investors created demand for virtually every class of securities, in the hope of achieving returns in excess of zero. Meanwhile, Wall Street, suffering from what J.K. Galbraith once called the “extreme brevity of the financial memory,” convinced itself yet again that the whole episode was built on something more solid than quotes on a screen and blotches of ink on paper..

..

..greater real economic activity was never the likely outcome of all this quantitative easing (indeed, one can show that the path of the economy since the crisis has not been materially different than what one could have projected using wholly non-monetary variables). Rather, Ben Bernanke, in his self-appointed role as Mad Hatter, was convinced that offensively hypervalued financial markets - that encourage the speculative misallocation of capital, imply dismal expected future returns, and create temporary paper profits that ultimately collapse - somehow represent a greater and more desirable form of “wealth” compared with reasonably-valued financial markets that offer attractive expected returns and help to soundly allocate capital. Believing that wealth is embodied by the price of a security rather than its future stream of cash flows, QE has created a world of hypervaluation, zero prospective future returns, and massive downside risks across nearly every conventional asset class.

And so, the Fed created such an enormous pool of zero interest bank reserves that investors would feel pressure to chase stocks, junk debt, anything to get rid of these yield-free hot potatoes. That didn’t stimulate more real, productive investment; it just created more investors who were frustrated with zero returns, because someone had to hold that base money, and in aggregate, all of them had to hold over $4 trillion of the stuff at every moment in time.

When you look objectively at what the Fed actually did, should be obvious how its actions encouraged this bubble. Every time someone would get rid of zero-interest base money by buying a riskier security, the seller would get the base money, and the cycle would continue until every asset was priced to deliver future returns near zero. We’re now at the point where junk yields are among the lowest in history, stock market valuations are so extreme that we estimate zero or negative S&P 500 average annual nominal total returns over the coming 10-12 year horizon, and our estimate of 12-year prospective total returns on a conventional mix of 60% stocks, 30% Treasury bonds, and 10% Treasury bills has never been lower (about 1% annually here). This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.

Examine all risk exposures, consider your investment horizon and risk-tolerance carefully, commit to the flexibility toward greater market exposure at points where a material retreat in valuations is joined by early improvement in market action (even if the news happens to be very negative at that point), fasten your protective gear, and expect a little bit of whiplash. Remember that the “catalysts” often become evident after prices move, not before. The completion of this market cycle may or may not be immediate, but with the median stock at easily the most extreme price/revenue ratio in history, and a run-of-the-mill outcome now being market loss on the order of -60%, the contrast between recent stability and likely future volatility could hardly be more striking.'

- John P. Hussman, Ph.D., Hot Potatoes and Dutch Tulips, July 31, 2017


Context

(2017) - '..a deeply systemic debt crisis akin to the aftermath of 1929 .. the stage has now been set..'

(Banking Reform - Monetary Reform) - '..debt is our biggest security threat..'

'..the Next 30 Years: “Everything is Deflationary”..'

          LATAR BELAKANG DAN SEJARAH JARINGAN KOMPUTER        
LATAR BELAKANG DAN SEJARAH
Sejarah jaringan komputer global ( dunia ), dimulaipada tahun 1969, ketika Departemen Pertahan Amerika, membentuk Defense Advance Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ) yang bertujuan mengadakan riset mengenai ‘cara menghubungkan sejumlah komputer sehingga membentuk jaringan organik’.

Program riset ini kemudian dikenal dengan nama ARPANET ( Advance Research projects Agency Network ). pada tahun 1970, lebih dari 10 komputer telah berhasil dihubungkan ( satu dengan yang lain ), saling berkomunikasi, dan membentuk sebuah jaringan. pada atahun 1972, Roy Tomlinson berhasil menyempurnakan program e-mail yang ia ciptakan setahun yang lalu untuk riset ARPANET.

Program e-mail tersebut begitu mudah dan lansung populer saat itu. pada tahun yang sama, icon [@] diperkenalkan sebagai lambang yang menunjukkan “at” atau “pada”. Tahun 1973, jaringan komputer yang diberi nama ARPANET mulai dikembangkan meluas sampai luar Amerika Serikat. komputer di University College di London merupakan komputer diluar Amerika yang menjadi anggota jaringan ARPANET. pada tahu yang sama pula, dua orang ahli komputer Vinton Cerf dan Bob Khan mempresentasikan sebuah gagasan yang lebih besar yang menjadi cikal bakal pemikiran International Network. ide ini dipresentasikan untuk pertama kalinya di Sussex University.
Hari bersejarah berikutnya terjadi pada tanggal 26 Maret 1976. ketika itu, ratu Inggris berhasil mengirimkan sebuah e-mail dari Royal Signals and Radar Establishment di Malvern. setahun kemudian, lebih dari 100 komputer telah bergabung dalam system ARPANET dan membentuk sebuah jaringan atau Network.
Pada tahun 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis, dan Steve Bellovin menciptakan Newsgroups pertama yang diberi nama USENET ( User Network ). pada tahun 1981, France Telecommenciptakan sebuah gebrakan baru dengan meluncurkan telepon televisi pertama dunia ( orang dapat saling menelepon sambil berinteraksi denagan Video link ).
seiring dengan bertambahnya komputer yang membentuk jaringan, dibutuhkan sebuah protokol resmi yang dapat diakui dan diterima oleh semua jaringan. untuk itu, pada tahun 1982 dibentuk sebuah komisi Transmission Control Protocol ( TCP ) atau lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Internet Protocol ( IP ) yang kita kenal hingga saat ini. sementara itu, didaratan Eropa muncul sebuah jaringan tandingan yang dikenal dengan Europe Network ( EUNET ) yang meliputi wilayah Belanda, Inggris, Denmark, dan Swedia. Jaringan eunet ini menyediakan jasa e-mail dan newsgroup USENET.

Untuk menyeragamkan alamat jaringan komputer yang sudah ada, pada tahun 1984 diperkenalkan system dengan nama DOMAIN yang lebih dikenal dengan Domain Name System ( DNS ). dengan system DNS, komputer yang tersambung dengan jaringan melebihi 1.000 komputer. pada tahun 1987 diperkirakan komputer yang tersambung ke jaringan tersebut melonjak 10 kali lipat menjadi 10.000 komputer lebih.
Tahun 1988, Jarkko Oikarinen berkebangsaan Finlandia menemukan sekaligus memperkenalkan Internet Relay Chat atau lebih dikenal dengan IRC yang memungkinkan dua orang atau lebih pengguna komputer dapat berinteraksi secara langsung dengan pengiriman pesan ( Chatting ). akibatnya, setahun kemudian jumlah komputer yang saling berhubungan melonjak 10 kali lipat. tak kurang dari 100.000 komputer membentuk sebuah jaringan.pertengahan tahun 1990 merupakan tahun yang paling bersejarah, ketika Tim Berners Lee merancang sebuah programe editor dan browser yang dapat menjelajai komputer yang satu dengan yang lainnya dengan membentuk jaringan. programe inilah yang disebut WWW atau World Wide Web.

Tahun 1992, komputer yang saling tersambung membentuk jaringan sudah melampaui lebih dari stau juta komputer. pada tahun yang sama muncul satu istilah yang beken, yaitu Surfing ( Menjelajah ). tahun 1994, situs-situs Dunia mulai tumbuh dengan subur ( setidaknya, saat itu terdapat 3.000 alamat halaman ) dan bentuk pertama kalinya Virtual Shopping atau e-retail muncul diberbagai situs. Dunia langsung berubah dengan diluncurkannya perusahaan Search Engine Pertama, yaitu Yahoo!. yang dibangun oleh David Filo dan Jerry yang pada bulan April 1994. Netscape Navigator 1.0. diluncurkan dipenghujung tahun 1994.


          KDE 4.2 - progress in a year        

KDE Project:

More than a year ago I wrote a post about KDE 4.0, I was quite unsatisfied with how in was and that we are going to release a product that has defects and in the eyes of the users will be a step back. I actually switched to KDE4 as my main desktop sometime during the 4.1 developing cycle. Since then I use KDE trunk on one machine and whatever my distro (openSUSE) provides on another one. There is always a shock when I have to use the distro packages. They did a very good job on integration and in many cases the distro package looks more polished than my self compiled one, still I was always liked the trunk version better. The improvement between 4.1.x and 4.0.x and 4.x.x and 4.1.x is just so big, using the older version is like going back several years. Not talking when I use KDE 3.5 on some other machines. I miss KDE 4.2 a lot in that case. Was it good that we released 4.0 a year ago? I think it was bad from PR point of view, but probably needed to actually have a 4.2 like the one will appear soon in the wild.
Yes, there are still issues, yes there are some applications that aren't ported or their port is not up to the expectations (yet). Luckily, unless your distribution did it wrong, it is possible to run the KDE3 applications under KDE4, without much hassle.
In the previous blog I complained about performance. My system is almost the same, except the video card is a newer one. And buying a new card at that time caused more trouble, and virtually no visible speedup at that time. Meantime the drivers improved (also due to KDE!), KDE improved (both kwin and plasma), and now I can use my system with effects enabled without thinking about performance. The current performance problems are actually caused by the flash plugin and its wrappers, in many case they start to use 100% CPU power. I'm not sure it can be fixed by us or the wrapper developers, what I know that both Konqueror and Firefox suffer from this problem. I just had to close down Firefox running in a KDE3 session because the X server for that session used completely one core.
I'm happy now with KDE4 and trunk already has some improvements compared to 4.2 that I enjoy. :) I'm amazed by the progress of KDE, aren't you amazed as well?

PS: If you miss Quanta being ported and you know C++/Qt, you should help. The only way to make it a KDE4 application is to finish the port, it won't happen magically if noone works on it. :(


          Bella Communities: Utilizing technology & Google tools to drive "volunteer-ship"        

In 2009, Khoi Pham co-founded Bella Communities to address low-income housing issues and resident supportive services. Today, Bella Communities is harnessing the energy of thousands of community leaders, affordable housing owners, neighbors, nonprofits, resident volunteers, and professionals to offer a meaningful livelihood to their low-income housing tenants.  In addition to providing affordable housing, Bella’s signature program aims to mobilize low-income residents with an economic-opportunity modeled volunteering program. This programs enables residents to engage with other nonprofits, building civic engagement and social capital; improving career and personal skills; and earning rent credits to have financial capability and housing stability. Through this innovative “volunteer-ship” training program, they seek to help families “not just get by but also get ahead.” 

Bella Communities
What was the key to their success? We sat down with Khoi to hear exactly how they utilized technology and Google Apps for Nonprofits to achieve their goals.

Which role does technology play in Bella Communities?

Khoi: It’s critical! Technology allows us to communicate with our constituencies efficiently and cost-effectively which is vital for us. We want to empower our low-income residents with the tools needed to achieve economic development. With Google Apps for Nonprofits, we’ve built our own technology platform serving this objective. We have been able to switch from a desktop, web-based platform to a smart-phone mobile application, increasing engagement and participation from our residents using Google Forms. Most of them have skipped desktop to go mobile first!

Do you think technology has changed the way you work?

Khoi: Absolutely. It allowed us to operate in multiple states, virtually and real time! Communication, collection, and sharing data became seamless and effortless, which is fundamental to keeping pace.

Also Google Apps for Nonprofits has allowed us access to technology without heavy IT costs in order to preserve limited start-up resources and marshal them effectively. Google tools are all cloud-based and do not require us to build an internal IT infrastructure, which has enabled quick adaptability and flexibility to change. I have been amazed by the intuitiveness of the tools and how easily they integrate with one another!

Can you tell us more about your homemade program “Resident Volunteership United Program”?

Khoi: A study by the Corporation for National and Community Service showed that volunteers have a 27% greater chance  of finding a job after being out of work than non-volunteers? That is precisely why Bella Communities designed and tested an innovative supportive service program to simultaneously tackle both financial empowerment and civic engagement mobilization.  The Resident Volunteership United Program (ReV-UP) engages residents living in low-income communities to volunteer with other non-profit organizations in the immediate neighborhood to build community and economic development..

Google Apps was vital to the deployment of this program — we never would’ve been able to do it without that! It allowed us to manage workflow, and most importantly, it allowed us to gather, collect, and share data to build a case for supporting our program.

How are you measuring the success of this program?

Khoi: Using Google Forms and Google Drive, our low-income residents can easily manage their volunteer records online, as well as share and report their activities to the program managers. For the program pilot years, they contributed nearly 3,500 volunteer hours to their communities and generated earned approximately $21,000 in rent credits for their households.

Want to traverse the IT curve without the huge dollar investments? Find out how your nonprofit can better utilize technology with Google Apps for Nonprofits.

To see if your nonprofit is eligible to participate in the nonprofit programs, review the Google for Nonprofits eligibility guidelines. Google for Nonprofits offers organizations like yours free access to Google tools like Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Google Ad Grants, YouTube for Nonprofits and more. These tools can help you reach new donors and volunteers, work more efficiently, and tell your nonprofit’s story. Learn more and enroll here.

Bella Communities’ statements are made in connection with receiving free products as a participant in Google for Nonprofits, a program which provides free Google products to qualified nonprofits.


          Contact Center Sales Agent (Spanish Required) - Travel Holdings        
Altamonte Springs, FL - Location: Altamonte Springs, FLDepartment: OperationsType: Full TimeMin. Experience: Entry Level
Inbound Travel Sales Agent/ Inside Sales Representative/ Call Center Agent/ Inbound Call Center/ Vacation Sales Advisor/ Telephone Travel Agent/ Virtual Travel Agent

Are you the type
          KVM virtualization with Allwinner A20 on Debian: libre, low-power, low-cost        
Introduction Various cheap ARM boards based on the Allwinner A20 SoC are available already for a few years. The first EOMA68 computer [1] will be also based on this chipset. Not many users know that the Allwinner A20 supports hardware-supported virtualization as well. Its Cortex A7 cores allow running hardware-accelerated ARM virtual machines (guests) using Read more »
          Car Problems? AI And Machine Learning To The Rescue!        
... of 'Digital Twins', granular virtual copies of parts in the manufacturing process, which are enabled by deep learning and artificial intelligence.
          The Rise of the Chinese Navy        
Originally posted on Defencyclopedia:
INTRODUCTION 25 years ago, the Chinese Navy or the People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) as it is officially known as, was virtually a military branch which no country took seriously. It consisted of a handful of destroyers which were equipped with short range and almost obsolete weapons compared to the West…
          theLearnia: lavagna virtuale per insegnanti dove creare e registrare video lezioni via internet        
theLearnia è una lavagna virtuale per insegnanti dove creare e registrare video lezioni via internet. Si possono inserire sfondi, immagini, linee, forme, disegnare, scrivere, aggiungere pagine, proprio come in una vera LIM, ma contemporaneamente si registra il filmato dell’attività svolta per ottenere una lezione video registrando anche la voce che sarà condivisibile con i propri studenti o […]
          "Todos estamos decididos a atacar las causas que generan la violencia que nuestro país sufre cada día"        
La ministra de Justicia y Derechos Humanos, Marisol Pérez Tello, habla sobre el curso virtual “Infancia sin violencia, un pacto por la ternura”, desarrollado por Inversión en la Infancia, a través de la Asociación Salgalú para el Desarrollo, y las organizaciones Save the Children y World Vision, con apoyo del Ministerio de Justicia y Defensoría del Pueblo.
          â€œLa principal garantía de la democracia y de la supervivencia es la participación de la gente”        
En entrevista con el Blog Inversión en la Infancia, Diego García – Sayán, director general de la Comisión Andina de Juristas (CAJ), juez y ex presidente de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, analiza la importancia del proyecto de capacitación virtual en derechos humanos que desarrollarán, gracias a un convenio de cooperación interinstitucional, la CAJ y Salgalú Comunicación & Responsabilidad Social. Estos cursos se centrarán en cuatro temas: Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, conflictos sociales, pueblos indígenas y coyuntura jurídica.
          Daniel Boone        

Daniel Boone

BOONE, Daniel, pioneer, born in Berks County, Pennsylvania, 22 October, 1734 (For more on Daniel Boone's birthplace please visit his Homestead); died in Missouri, 26 Sept., 1820. Among the immigrants that landed, 10 Oct., 1717, at Philadelphia was George Boone, of Exeter, England, who came with his wife and eleven children, bought land near Bristol, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and joined the society of Friends. His son, Squire Boone, married Sarah Morgan, and Daniel was their son. Squire Boone, who was a farmer, moved, about 1748, to Holman's Ford, on the Yadkin, in North Carolina.

Daniel's education was very limited; he could read and write, but beyond that all he knew related to the fields, the woods, the net, the rifle, and hunting. He was a hunter born, and loved the solitude of the forest. Strong, brave, lithe, inured to hardship and privation, he traced his steps through the pathless forest, sought out the hiding places of panther, bear, and wolf, and was the match of any Indian in the sagacity with which he detected the footsteps of the red man. About 1755 he married Rebecca Bryan and set up his own log cabin, but, displeased with the encroachments of civilization on his solitude, and incited by the glowing accounts brought by John Finley, who had penetrated into the unknown regions of Kentucky, formed a company of six kindred spirits, and, bidding adieu to his family and the comforts of home, on 1 May, 1769, set out on his perilous journey of exploration.

America's Four Republics: The More or Less United States
By: Stanley Yavneh Klos
Edited: Naomi Yavneh Klos, Ph.D.

  • First United American Republic: United Colonies of North America: 13 British Colonies United in Congress was founded by 12 colonies on September 5th, 1774 (Georgia joined in 1775)  and governed through a British Colonial Continental Congress.  Peyton Randolph and George Washington served, respectively, as the Republic's first President and Commander-in-Chief;
  • Second United American Republic: The United States of America: 13 Independent States United in Congress was founded by 12 states on July 2nd, 1776 (New York abstained until July 8th), and governed through the United States Continental CongressJohn Hancock and George Washington served, respectively, as the Republic's first President and Commander-in-Chief; 
  • Third United American Republic: The United States of America: A Perpetual Union was founded by 13 States on March 1st, 1781, with the enactment of the first U.S. Constitution, the Articles of Confederation, and governed through the United States in Congress Assembled.  Samuel Huntington and George Washington served, respectively, as the Republic's first President and Commander-in-Chief; 
  • Fourth United American Republic: The United States of America: We the People  was formed by 11 states on March 4th, 1789 (North Carolina and Rhode Island joined in November 1789 and May 1790, respectively), with the enactment of the U.S. Constitution of 1787. The fourth and current United States Republic governs through  the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate in Congress Assembled, the U.S. President and Commander-in-Chief, and the U.S. Supreme Court.  George Washington served as the Republic's first President and Commander-in-Chief.

After numerous adventures with the Indians, having become intimately acquainted with the character of the country, established an enviable reputation for sagacity and integrity on important frontier service assigned to him by Lord Dunmore in the campaign against the Indians, usually called "Lord Dunmore's War," and constructed a strong fort on the left bank of Kentucky river, which he named "Boonesborough," he determined to bring his wife and family to the new home. Some of his neighbors joined him, and he conducted the party, numbering upward of thirty, safely to "Boonesborough" without having encountered any other difficulties than such as are common to this passage. 



 Daniel Boone founded Boonesborough while he worked for Richard Henderson of the Transylvania Company.


On one occasion Boone, with an armed party of thirty men, had gone for a supply of salt to a place called "Salt Licks," nearly 100 miles north of Boonesborough, and was captured, with twenty-seven of his men, by a band of more than 100 Indian warriors led by two Frenchmen. 



They carried them first to Old Chillicothe, on the Miami, and then to Detroit, where they surrendered for a ransom all their prisoners except Boone; him they took back to Old Chillicothe, where the great Blackfish, a renowned Shawanese chief, adopted him into his family under an imposing but painful ceremonial; all his hair, except a tuft three or four inches in diameter on the crown of the head, was plucked out; that tuft was allowed to grow to the length of the "warlock," dressed with feathers and ribbons; an ablution in the river was supposed to cleanse him from the taint of white blood; a coat of paint on his face, and a solemn charge from Blackfish, completed the rite. 

After a prolonged and anxious residence among them, during which he was kindly treated, he discovered their intention of marching upon Boonesborough, and resolved, at the peril of certain death in the event of recapture, to attempt his escape and save his family and friends. Chased by 450 Indians, he performed that daring feat in the forty-third year of his age, and thus simply records it: "On the 16th [of June], before sunrise, I departed in the most secret manner, and arrived at Boonesborough on the 20th, after a journey of 160 miles, during which I had but one meal." 




At the fort he learned that his wife and children, despairing of ever seeing him again, had returned, and safely reached her father's home in North Carolina. The Indians assailed the fort, but were repelled with loss, and retreated. Boone then, in the autumn of 1778, rejoined his family on the Yadkin, and returned with them to Kentucky in 1780. 

The country, though well settled, was still unsafe, and, soon after his return, Boone and his brother, Squire, were surprised by Indians; Squire was killed and scalped, and Daniel had a narrow escape. A sanguinary engagement, called the "Battle of the Blue Licks," took place in 1782, in which Boone's two sons fought at his side. One of them was killed, and the other severely wounded. Boone was full of expedients, and on one occasion extricated himself from four armed Indians by blinding them with tobacco dust. Kentucky was admitted into the union, 4 Feb., 1791, and in the survey of the state the title to Boone's land was disputed. The case was decided against him, and, stung to the quick by the wrong, he had again to seek a new home, which he established at Point Pleasant, between the Ohio and the Great Kanawha; but in 1795 he removed to Missouri, then a Spanish possession, and received not only the appointment of commandant of the Femme Osage district, but a grant of 8,000 acres. The Spanish possessions passed into the hands of Napoleon, who sold them to the United States, and, in the survey that followed, the Spanish grant of Boone's lands was pronounced invalid. An appeal to the legislature of Kentucky, and another to congress, resulted in a grant by the latter of 850 acres. Boone was then seventy-five years of age, hale and strong. The charm of the hunter's life clung to him to the last, and in his eighty-second year he went on a hunting excursion to the mouth of Kansas river. He had made his own coffin and kept it under his bed, and after his death they laid him in it to rest by the side of his wife, who had passed away seven years before. 

On 13 Sept., 1845, their remains were removed to the cemetery near Frankfort, Kentucky, a few miles from the fort of Boonesborough, by the concurrent action of the citizens of Frankfort and the legislature of Kentucky. 


Cemetery in Frankfort, Kentucky where Daniel and Rebecca Bryan Boone were re-interred


His son, Enoch, born in Boonesborough, Kentucky, in 1777 ; d. 8 March, 1862, was the first white male child born in Kentucky. Daniel Boone's wife, with her daughters, went to live with her husband in his palisaded fort in June, 1776, and while there gave birth to this son; but after Boone's capture, on 7 Feb., 1778, his family returned to North Carolina. -- Edited Appleton's American Biography Copyright© 2001 by Stan Klos TM




An American biographical and historical dictionary Containing an account of the lives, characters, and writings of the most eminent persons in North America from its first settlement, and a summary of the history of the several colonies and of the United States. By: W. Hyde, 1832.


BOONE, Daniel, colonel, one of the first settlers of Kentucky, was born about 1730. While he was young, his parents, who came from Bridgeworth,England removed from Pennsylvania or Virginia to the Yadkin river in North Carolina. 






He was early addicted to hunting in the woods; in the militia he attained to the rank of colonel. In 1769, in consequence of the representation of John Finley, who had penetrated into the wilderness of Kentucky, he was induced to accompany him in a journey to that country. He had four other companions, John Stuart, Joseph Holden, James Money, and William Cool, with whom he set out May 1. On the 7th of June they arrived at the Red river, a branch of the Kentucky; and here from the top of a hill they had a view of the fertile plain's, of which they were in pursuit. They encamped and remained in this place till Dec. 22, when Boone and Stuart were captured by the Indians near Kentucky river. In about a week they made their escape; but on returning to their camp, they found it plundered and deserted by their companions, who had gone back to Carolina.




Stuart was soon killed by the Indians; but Boone being joined by his brother, they remained and prosecuted the business of hunting during the winter, without further molestation. His brother going home for supplies in May 1770, he remained alone in the deep solitude of the western wilderness until his return with ammunition & horses July 27th. During this period this wild man of the woods, though greeted every night with the howlings of wolves, was delighted in his excursions with the survey of the beauties of the country and found greater pleasure in the solitude of wild nature, than he could have found amid the hum of the most elegant city. With his brother he traversed the country to Cumberland river. It was not until March 1771, that he returned to his family, resolved to conduct them to the paradise, which he had explored.


Students and Teachers of US History this is a video of Stanley and Christopher Klos presenting America's Four United Republics Curriculum at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School. The December 2015 video was an impromptu capture by a member of the audience of Penn students, professors and guests that numbered about 200. - Click Here for more information



Having sold his farm, he set out with his own and 5 other families, Sept. 25,1773, and was joined in Powell's valley by 40 men. After passing over two mountains, called Powell's and Walden's, through which, as they ranged from the north east to the south west, passes were found, and approaching the Cumberland, the rear of the company was attacked by the Indians on the 10th of October, when six men were killed, among whom was the eldest son of colonel Boone. One man was also wounded, and the cattle were scattered. This disaster induced them to retreat about 40 miles to the settlement on Clinch River, where he remained with his family, until June 6,1774, when, at the request of gov. Dunmore, he conducted a number of surveyors to the falls of Ohio. On this tour of 800 miles he was absent two months. After this he was entrusted by the governor, during the campaign against the Shawanese, with the command of three forts. 



Early in 1775, at the request of a company in North Carolina, he attended a treaty with the Cherokee Indians at Wataga in order to make of them the purchase of lands on the south side of the Tennessee river. After performing this service, he was employed to mark out a road from the settlements on the Holston to the Kentucky river. While thus employed, at the distance of about 15 miles from what is now Boonesborough, the party was attacked March 20, and 23, 1775 by the Indians, who killed four and wounded five. Another man was killed in April. On the first day of this month at a salt lick, on the southern bank of the Kentucky,in what is now Boonesborough a few miles from Lexington, he began to erect a fort, consisting of a block house & several cabins, enclosed with palisades. On the 14th of June he returned to his family in order to remove them to the tort.. His wife and daughters were the first white women, who stood on the banks of the Kentucky river. Dec. 24th one man was killed and another wounded. July 14, 1776, when all the settlements were attacked, two of Colonel Calway's daughters and one of his own were taken prisoners; Boone pursued with 18 men and in two days overtook the Indians, killed two of them, and recovered the captives.






The Indians made repeated attacks upon Boonesborough; Nov. 15,1777 with 100 men, and July 4 with 200 men. On both sides several were killed and wounded; but the enemy were repulsed; as they were also July 19 from Logan's fort of 15 men, which was besieged by 200. The arrival of 25 men from Carolina and in August of 100 from Virginia gave a new aspect to affairs, and taught the savages the superiority of "the long knives," as they called the Virginians. Jan. 1, 1778 he went with 30 men to the blue licks on the Licking river to make salt for the garrison. Feb. 7, being alone, he was captured by a party of 102 Indians and 2 Frenchmen; he capitulated for his men, and they were all carried to Chillicothe on the Little Miami, whence he and 10 men were conducted to Detroit, where he arrived March 30. The governor, Hamilton, treated him with much humanity, and offered 1001, for his redemption. But the savages refused the offer from affection to their captive. Being carried back to Chillicothe in April, he was adopted as a son in an Indian family. He assumed the appearance of cheerfulness ; but his thoughts were on his wife and children. Aware of the envy of the Indians, he was careful not to exhibit his skill in shooting. In June he went to the salt springs on the Sciota. On his return to Chillicothe he ascertained, that 450 warriors were preparing to proceed against Boonesborough. He escaped June 16, and arrived at the fort June 20th, having travelled 160 miles in 4 days, with but one meal. His wife had returned to her father's. Great efforts were made to repair the fort in order to meet the expected attack. On August 1st, he went out with 19 men to surprise Point Creek town on the Sciota; meeting 30 Indians, he put them to flight and captured their baggage. At last, Aug. 8, the Indian army of 444 men, led by captain Dugnesne and 11 other Frenchmen, and their own chiefs, with British colors flying, summoned the fort to surrender. 



The next day Boone, having a garrison of only 50 men, announced his resolution to defend the fort, while a man was alive. They then proposed that 9 men should be sent out 60 yards from the fort to enter into a treaty; and when the articles were agreed upon and signed, they said it was customary on such occasions, as a token of sincere friendship, for two Indians to shake every white man by the hand. Accordingly two Indians approached each of the nine white men, and grappled with the intent of making him a prisoner; but the object being perceived, the men broke away and re-entered the fort.



An attempt was now made to undermine it; but a counter trench defeated that purpose. Atlast on the 20th the enemy raised the siege, having lost 37 men. Of Boone's men two were killed and four wounded. "We picked, up," said he, "125 pounds of bullets, besides what stuck in the logs of our fort, which certainly is a great proof of their industry." In 1779, when Boone was absent, revisiting his family in Carolina, Colonel Bowman with 160 men fought the Shawanese Indians at old Chillicothe. 



In his retreat the Indians pursued him for 30 miles, when in another engagement col. Harrod suggested the successful project of mounting a number of horses and breaking the Indian line. Of the Kentuckians 9 were killed. June 22nd,1780, about 600 Indians and Canadians under col. Bird attacked Riddle's and Martin's stations and the forks of Licking river with 6 pieces of artillery, and carried away all as captives. Gen. Clarke, commanding at the falls of Ohio, marched with his regiment and troops against Reccaway, the principal Shawanese town on a branch of the Miami, and burned the town, with the loss of 17 on each side. 


About this time Boone returned to Kentucky with his family. In Oct. 1780, soon after he was settled again at Boonesborough, he went with his brother to the Blue Licks, and as they were returning the latter was slain by a party of Indians, and he was pursued by them by the aid of a dog. By shooting him Boone escaped. The severity of the ensuing winter was attended with great distress, the enemy having destroyed most of the corn. The people subsisted chiefly on buffalo's flesh. In May 1732 the Indians having killed a man at Ashton's station, captain A. pursued with 25 men, but in an attack upon' the enemy he was killed with 12 of his men. Aug. 10 two boys were carried off from major Hay's station. Capt. Holden pursued with 17 men; but he also was defeated, with the loss of four men. In a field near Lexington an Indian shot a man and running to scalp him, was him- self shot from the fort and fell dead upon his victim. On the 15th Aug. 500 Indians attacked Briant's station, five miles from Lexington,and destroyed all the cattle; but they were repulsed on the third day, having about 30 killed, while of the garrison 4 were killed and 3 wounded. Boone, with cols. Todd and Trigg and major Harland, collected 176 men and pursued on the 18th.



They overtook the enemy the next day a mile beyond the Blue Licks, about 40 miles from Lexington, at a remarkable bend of a branch of Licking river. A battle ensued, the enemy having a line formed across from one bend to the other, but the Kentuckians were defeated with the great loss of 60 killed, among whom were cols. Todd and Trigg, and Major Harland, and Boone's second son. Many were the widows made in Lexington on that fatal day. The Indians having 4 more killed, 4 of the prisoners were given up to the young warriors to be put to death in the most barbarous manner. 

General Clarke, accompanied by Boone, immediately marched into the Indian country and desolated it, burning old Chillicothe, Peccaway, New Chillicothe, Willis town, and Chillicothe. With the loss of four men he took seven prisoners and five scalps, or killed five Indians. In October the Indians attacked Crab orchard. One of the Indians having entered a house, in which were a woman and a negro, and being thrown to the ground by the negro, the woman cut off his head. From this period to the peace with Great Britain the Indians did no harm. "Two darling sons and a brother," said Boone, "have I lost by savage hands, which have also taken from me 40 valuable horses and abundance of cattle. Many dark and sleepless nights have I spent, separated from the cheerful society of men, scorched by the summer's sun and pinched by the winter's cold, an instrument ordained to settle the wilderness."

From this period he resided in Kentucky and Virginia till 1798, when in consequence of an imperfect legal title to the lands, which he had settled, he found himself dispossessed of his property. In his indignation he fled from the delightful region, which he had explored, when a wilderness, and which now had a population of half a million. With his rifle he crossed the Ohio and plunged into the immense country of the Missouri In 1799 he settled on the Femme Osage river with numerous followers. In 1800 he discovered the Boone's Lick country, now a fine settlement: in the same year he visited the head waters of the Grand Osage river and spent the winter upon the head waters of the Arkansas. At the age of 80, in company with a white man and a black man, laid under strict injunctions to carry him back to his family, dead or alive, he made a hunting trip to the head waters of the Great Osage, and was successful in trapping beaver and other game.




In January 1812 he addressed a memorial to the legislature of Ky. stating that he owned not an acre of land in the region, which he first settled; that in 1794 he passed over into the Spanish province of Louisiana, under an assurance from the governor, who resided at St. Louis, that land should be given him; that accordingly 10 thousand acres were given him on the Missouri and he became Syndic or chief of the district of St. Charles; but that on the acquisition of Louisiana by the United States his claims were rejected by the commissioners of land, because he did not actually reside; and that thus at the age of 80 he was a wanderer, having no spot of his own, whereon to lay his bones.

The legislature instructed their delegates to congress to solicit a confirmation of this grant. He retained, it is believed, 2,000 In his old age he pursued his active course of life, trapping bears and hunting with his rifle. Though a magistrate and sometimes a member of the legislature of Virginia, and much engaged in agriculture; yet he preferred the solitude of the wilderness to the honors of civil office and the society of men.


He died at the house of his son, Major A. Boone, at Charette, Montgomery Company, September 26th, 1820, aged nearly 90 years. His wife died in the same place. He left sons and daughters in Missouri. In consequence of his death the legislature of Missouri voted to wear a badge of mourning for 20 days. A brother died in Mississippi Oct. 1808, aged 81. 

Col. Boone was of common stature, of amiable disposition, and honorable integrity. In his last years he might have been seen by the traveler at the door of his house, with his rifle on his knee and his faithful dog at his side, lamenting the departed vigor of his limbs, and meditating on the scenes of his past life.

Whether he also meditated on the approaching scenes of eternity and his dim eyes ever kindled up with the glorious hopes of the christian is not mentioned in the accounts of him, which have been examined. But of all objects an irreligious old man, dead as to worldly joy and dead as to celestial hope, is the most pitiable. An account of his adventures, drawn up by himself, was published in Filson's supplement to Imlay's Description of the Western Territory, 1793.— Niles Register, March 13, 1813.

Capitals of the United States and Colonies of America

Philadelphia
Sept. 5, 1774 to Oct. 24, 1774
Philadelphia
May 10, 1775 to Dec. 12, 1776
Baltimore
Dec. 20, 1776 to Feb. 27, 1777
Philadelphia
March 4, 1777 to Sept. 18, 1777
Lancaster
September 27, 1777
York
Sept. 30, 1777 to June 27, 1778
Philadelphia
July 2, 1778 to June 21, 1783
Princeton
June 30, 1783 to Nov. 4, 1783
Annapolis
Nov. 26, 1783 to Aug. 19, 1784
Trenton
Nov. 1, 1784 to Dec. 24, 1784
New York City
Jan. 11, 1785 to Nov. 13, 1788
New York City
Nov. 1788 to March 3,1789
New York City
March 3,1789 to August 12, 1790

I've got nothing against non-traditional monetary models in games. BattleForge's odd setup, where players buy card packs through the online store to supplement their significant starting pool, and complete real-time strategy missions with created decks, is an intriguing framework. The online backend is solid, with a browser that lets players quickly find teammates or opponents for the mission they're interested in. It's too bad that the actual gameplay is so shoddy I wouldn't play it if the entire thing were free.

The basic combat is very traditional RTS battle, granting victory to the player who best uses counter units and properly employs his troops' activated abilities. Many of the little details that go into RTS design are poorly done, though. The massive pool of creatures and spells you may encounter makes it difficult to keep abreast of strengths and weaknesses. The extremely fast pace makes it easy to be overwhelmed – especially if, as in many scenarios, you have multiple fronts to deal with. [Excerpt]

There isn't much of an economic game, either. Controlling nodes gives a trickle of power to your pool, and any dead units slowly return their power cost to your bank as well. Strategic orbs can be captured to allow access to the higher tiers of spells in your deck. Most maps are designed in such a way that each player has access to a preset amount of these, meaning the units you summon are virtually the only determinant of success.

BattleForge is a combination of strange mechanics and bad design. Units are diverse, and yet none of them are terribly interesting. Missions have a ton of variety on the surface, but in practice they're variations on the same few objectives. Combat is vanilla RTS, but too messy to allow for much tactical or strategic creativity. New revenue models are a good way to try to find success in a tough PC gaming market, but even the cleverest is nowhere near as important as good gameplay.


          Forty summers ago – July 5, 1977 – grand jury began hearing testimony, piercing, slightly, the ongoing Showalter hit-run cover-up in New London, CT        


Editor’s Note: The Showalter grand jury is noteworthy in that forces for justice – Judge Joseph Dannehy, Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan and as many as 17 Connecticut State Police detectives – could only knock down some of the walls protecting New London Police, State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti, Asst. State’s Attorney Harold Dean, Judge Angelo Santaniello, former Mayor Harvey Mallove and others who escaped complete discovery. The cover-up continues to this day, highlighted by the suppression and disappearance of the grand jury transcripts.




The foundation for investigative reporting in this case was developed by John Peterson, who was managing editor of The Norwich Bulletin during the grand jury. The grand jury began hearing testimony on July 5, 1977
.








Special Prosecutor McGuigan became Chief State’s Attorney, then was fired after convicting appointees of the governor and many other public officials.

---
Chronology, Grand Juror Report, Follow-up Columns
Via
Law And Justice In Everyday Life, CT Law Tribune


F. Lee Bailey on Law and Justice in Everyday Life and the Showalter case:

This book - which is mainly about public officials, police, judges and lawyers either shaming or shining - is a good read. Many of the stories stand alone, like slices of life. Others will appear early in the book, with follow-up chapters later. The crown jewel, in my view, is his handling of the strange death of Kevin Showalter, who was slammed 50 feet down the road in New London, Connecticut on Christmas Eve 1973 while changing a tire on the traffic side of a parked car. For many years, Andy Thibault dogged a case which public officials seemed determined to let die, despite the presence of a likely suspect. He tells me his mentor, John Peterson, broke the case open and then handed over the torch. Joined by the victim's mother, Lucille, who revealed herself as a determined but delightful woman as the story unfolds, Andy beats up on police, prosecutors, judges and governors until finally there is action. Spurred on by an appointment hastened by Gov. Ella Grasso, Judge Joseph Dannehy conducted one of the most brilliant and thorough investigations I have ever seen. If this book were only about the Showalter case, it would be worth the price.

APPENDIX

THE SHOWALTER CHRONOLOGY – A FOUR YEAR SEARCH FOR JUSTICE


New London, Ct.

1973

December 24

Approximately 11:10 to 11:20 p.m. Kevin B. Showalter is killed. Car leaves scene. Only taillights observed by a neighbor.

There is much confusion. Mr. Showalter had been changing a tire on his companion’s car. His companion Debra Emilyta, was sitting about six feet away from the car on a stone wall.

Ms. Emilyta told police she heard a thud, but did not see the car which struck Mr. Showalter. She said she ran across the road, a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street, before seeing Mr. Showalter’s body.

Mr. Showalter’s body was thrown 22 feet from the believed point of impact, onto a sidewalk near a large tree. The police report prepared that night noted the deceased’s shoes were found 110 feet apart. Part of a leg bone was found 75 feet away.

Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Auto Body gives police body putty, apparently from the car which struck Mr. Showalter. The putty never made it to the police station. Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko later denies its existence.

December 25

Autopsy performed. No trace of alcohol or drugs found. Cause of death listed as lacerated liver and broken neck.

In efforts to console Mrs. Showalter, friends, neighbors, witnesses and officials volunteer information about the accident. She quietly listens for about six weeks, taking it for granted that police are acting on the same information. December 26

New London police begin full-scale search for red car.

1974

February 6

FBI report describes paint particles on Mr. Showalter’s clothing as “racing green” or “forest green” used on 1968 Chrysler products.

February 7

Mrs. Showalter notes she had the impression local police were not actively pursuing the case. She began interviewing those persons who came to her voluntarily and made a written record of her findings.

During the next three weeks, Mrs. Showalter spends much of her time making telephone calls and knocking on doors. She and her youngest son Craig, then 14, visited a number of local auto dealers and garages. She said in most cases they were told police had not made any inquiries of them.

February 28

New London police conduct first interview with Harvey N. Mallove, the downtown merchant and former mayor and city councilor. Mallove stated he drove by Pequot Avenue near Plant Street shortly before 11:15 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. Seven people near the accident scene contradict what he said he saw.

April 20

Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. Edmund J. O’Brien, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation into her son’s death. O’Brien never responds.

On the same day, Atty. Thomas Bishop, representing Mrs. Showalter as the administratix of Mr. Showalter’s estate, asks Atty. Joseph Moukawsher to conduct a coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death.

April 23

Moukawsher agrees to conduct inquest but must confer with New London police before setting date.

June 4

Mrs. Showalter writes to New London Police Chief John J. Crowley, asking for a progress report on the investigation by his force. Crowley neither acknowledges receipt of letter nor responds. Copies of letter were sent to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, and Abraham Kirshenbaum, then chairman of the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

June 10

Mrs. Showalter asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a grand jury investigation.

June 24

Santaniello notes Moukawsher has agreed to conduct coroner’s inquest. He tells Mrs. Showalter, “If it appears that during any stage of this proceeding that any further intercession is necessary, appropriate action will be taken at that time.”

July 2

Mrs. Showalter writes to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, asking for a report from his office assessing the police department’s handling of the case. She also asks for a reply to her June 4 letter to Police Chief Crowley.

July 9

Driscoll tells Crowley to prepare a complete report for Mrs. Showalter.

July 10

Bucko completes report on fatal accident.

July 25

Driscoll sends Mrs. Showalter Bucko’s report. The report said Mr. Showalter’s body was in the road, but the ambulance crew which took Mr. Showalter to Lawrence Memorial Hospital said they found him on the sidewalk several feet away. No police officer ever saw the body at the scene since the first officer arrived as the body was being placed in the ambulance.

Bucko says paint particles from a 1968 Plymouth at the U.S. Naval Submarine Base in Groton are similar to those found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing, but the same paint is used on any 1968 Chrysler product.

Bucko also says a piece of metal Mrs. Showalter found near the accident scene is in the detective bureau. When Mrs. Showalter first offered the metal to police, they refused to sign a receipt for it.

August 6

Mrs. Showalter writes to Driscoll regarding Bucko’s report. She lists six pages of comments on allegedly “serious omissions” and “strictly opinion judgments” by Bucko.

Mrs. Showalter also writes to Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley, asking him to send a representative to the coroner’s inquest. She includes copies of correspondence with local officials and Bucko’s report.

August 9

Mrs. Showalter requests a meeting with the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

August 15

Bucko updates report, at request of city manager Driscoll.

Bucko said of the body location, “the position he (Mr. Showalter) was found in at the scene of the accident, in my opinion, would not help in solving this matter.” Erroneous on the report is the position of the car jack which is shown on the front bumper. The car Mr. Showalter was working on, a Ford Pinto, had to be jacked from the side of the vehicle.

Omitted from the report is the location of a car mat seen to the rear of the car and the spare tire Mr. Showalter never got to put on the car.

August 20

Gormley writes to Mrs. Showalter, telling her the local police investigation “has proceeded smoothly,” and there is “no reason for this office to initiate its own investigation.”

August 28

The Public Safety Committee of the New London City Council meets in closed session for one hour to discuss the hit-run death. Chief Crowley requested the closed session. He said there is evidence that could jeopardize future action.

Mrs. Showalter submitted a 12-page statement for the meeting, but did not attend.

Crowley said the case is not closed and it appears an arrest may be made.

August 31

Mallove submits official statement to New London police.

November, 1974

After being postponed several times, the coroner’s inquest hears testimony from 50 persons. No findings issued.

1975

January 24

A state police detective participating in the federal grand jury probe of the city police department has told one of its patrolmen they identified the driver of the car which struck and killed Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve, 1973.

“We know who killed the Showalter kid, how come you don’t?” the detective was quoted in The Norwich Bulletin as saying.

March 19-22

The Bulletin, in a four-part series, shows:

- Eyewitnesses and what New London police called “near witnesses” drastically differed in their accounts of the accident.

- Microscopic paint particles found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing on which police based their search may not have been left by the vehicle which struck him.

- Evidence entrusted to police officers at the scene has never been seen since.

- A claim by police that it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles possible involved in the mishap was declared false by the state Motor Vehicle Department.

The Bulletin, when preparing the series of articles, made repeated efforts to discuss the case with police officials but Lt. K.T. Bucko, who headed the case, on the advice of then Police Chief John Crowley, would not.

April 3 State police conduct an extensive door-to-door inquiry in the Pequot Avenue region. State police have been looking into the case as part of a federal grand jury investigation into alleged corruption within the city force.

July 12

The state of Connecticut offers a $2,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person responsible for the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter. A total of $3,000 is now being offered. Classmates and friends of Mr. Showalter’s have already collected $1,000.

July 21

A community effort by friends and classmates raises the reward to $5,000.

November 8

The transcript of the coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death conducted nearly a year ago has yet to be typed, Coroner Joseph Moukawsher confirms. He said he wants to review the transcript even though he believes his six-day long inquest did not establish any guilt in the case. He said he has not spoken with the court reporter assigned to the case since the early summer.

December 10

Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation. No response.

1976

January 6

Satti refuses to confirm or deny the existence of Mrs. Showalter’s request. Mrs. Showalter has also asked Satti’s office to ascertain the location of recorded tapes made during the coroner’s inquest.

January 9

Mrs. Showalter sends a special delivery letter to Satti asking for a response to the December 10 request. No response.

February 19

In a feature article, also carried statewide by the Associated Press, The Bulletin profiles Mrs. Showalter on page one.

Some public officials regard her as a persistent nuisance, someone to be ignored and sidestepped, but Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter will not breathe easily until they tell her who killed her son, Bulletin reporter Fred Vollono wrote.

“The official comment seems to be there is nothing to it,” Mrs. Showalter said. “It is just the ramblings of a grief-stricken mother. But there are many people who urge me to go on. They say, ‘Lucille, if you stop, then nothing will ever be done.’”

February 23

Mrs. Showalter receives a letter of confession from an inmate at Somers state prison. The inmate said he was plagued by news accounts of the death. Every time he seems to forget the accident, the inmate said, he reads another news story.

April 2

Mrs. Showalter submits a third written request to Satti for a grand-jury probe. No response.

May 6

Common Pleas court Prosecutor Harold Dean quashes the only lead in the two and a half year old investigation, The Norwich Bulletin reports. The lead was the letter of confession written by the inmate at Somers Prison. State police arrested the inmate for harassment of the victim’s mother, Mrs. Showalter, to whom the letter was sent. Dean nolled the case and allowed it to be dismissed despite a prior meeting with state police when the significance of the arrest was discussed.

State police did not believe the letter writer was responsible for the hit-run death, but they thought the letter contained possibly significant information. Dean said he was certain the accused had no knowledge of the case, because he was incarcerated when Mr. Showalter was killed.

August 7 The day following the Bulletin’s report of Dean quashing the lead, Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley says he had “no idea” why the lead “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. Two state police officers had met with Gormley to discuss the letter of confession.

August 6

State police list the investigation into the killing of Mr. Showalter as “closed pending further development.” That classification came 31 days after Dean threw the harassment case out of court.

August 30

Mrs. Showalter again asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a one-man grand jury probe.

September 1

Mrs. Showalter publicly renews her efforts to have a one-man grand jury reopen the investigation into the hit-run killing of her son. In a statement sent to 22 media outlets, Mrs. Showalter says she made the appeal in an August 30 letter to Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello. She says she was asking the judge to “make good on a promise” he made to her in June 1974. Santaniello wrote in a June 24, 1974 letter, Superior Court intercession would be possible if the investigation required it.

Santaniello said, “probably the proper person” to approach would be State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti. But Mrs. Showalter said she is ignoring Satti because he failed to respond to her December 1975 letter asking for the grand jury.

September 23

State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti says he needs another three weeks to review information on the killing of Mr. Showalter before deciding whether the investigation should be reopened or shelved.

Satti says he had hoped to have the matter resolved by today, but the sinking of his 35-foot cabin cruiser two weeks ago, an unexpected report of crimes by New London police, and a new trial forced him behind schedule.

November 23

Mrs. Showalter turns to Governor Ella T. Grasso for help.

“I cannot endure this loss of a beloved son in the midst of a governmental system that appears to neither act nor care,” Mrs. Showalter says in a letter to the governor.

Mrs. Showalter says she is skeptical the New London County State’s Attorney’s review of the case will result in the one-man grand jury she has requested. Satti today said he is still reviewing transcripts of the Coroner’s Inquest and refused further comment.

December 21

Just three days before the third anniversary of the killing of Kevin B. Showalter, the state’s chief court administrator orders the city’s only unsolved hit-and-run case reopened.

John P. Cotter signs an order creating a one-man jury to probe the death, renewing hopes that allegations of police bungling and mishandling of the case will be settled.

“I can’t yet believe it,” says Mrs. Showalter, calling the action a “literal miracle.”

Cotter, a justice on the state Supreme Court, selects retired Superior Court Judge Raymond J. Devlin to head the one-man grand jury.

An attorney representing Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter also files a $600,000 lawsuit against the unnamed person(s) responsible for the killing of her son. Atty. Averum J. Sprecher of East Haddam says the suit is aimed at protecting Mrs. Showalter’s rights.

“The action as I have filed it will definitively preserve her rights when the investigative bodies finally determine who killed the boy,” he said. The suit is aimed at heading off fears the state’s statute of limitations might preclude Mrs. Showalter from pursuing civil action if the killer is found.

December 24

Superior Court Judge Joseph F. Dannehy is ordered to replace State Referee Raymond J. Devlin as the one-man grand juror investigating Mr. Showalter’s death. Chief Court Administrator John P. Cotter says Judge Devlin had asked to be taken off the case because he was too busy with other duties, and would be unable to commute from his New Haven office.

1977

January 4

Austin J. McGuigan, the special prosecutor assigned to the one-man grand jury probing the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter promises to pull “all the stops” in his investigation but says he needs help from the public to succeed.

McGuigan has worked for the state for two years as the top investigator of organized crime. He appeals to anyone with information to call him confidentially.

February 8

State Police Commissioner Edward P. Leonard, as part of a last-resort effort, makes a personal appeal to area residents for information about the killing of Mr. Showalter. In a letter to the people who live near the Pequot Avenue site where Mr. Showalter died, Leonard asks for facts – “No matter how insignificant they may appear” – which might shed light on the car, the driver or the accident scene.

Special Prosecutor McGuigan says police “had no suspects.” However, he says if a suspect is found police believe there is sufficient evidence to tie the person to the case.

April 18

Investigators say they feel confident the Showalter case will be solved.

The new optimism comes after a public appeal netted more than 300 leads, new laboratory analysis of existing evidence, and an accounting of each of the more than 10,000 green Chrysler products registered in Eastern Connecticut when Mr. Showalter was killed.

The new evidence means “there is a significant possibility the vehicle in question was not a green Chrysler,” Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan says. While the investigators will not say what other color the car might have been, the evidence apparently opens new avenues for the investigation. Previously, other theories on who drove the death car, theories which have had some substantiation, were locked into the green Chrysler theory, police acknowledge.

May 10

State police investigators spend two and a half hours recreating and filming the Pequot Avenue death scene where Mr. Showalter was the victim of the hit and run.

May 18

State police again film and re-create death scene.

June 22

The Bulletin reports that one of the most intensive investigations in state police history, the probe into Mr. Showalter’s hit-run death, will be given to a one-man grand jury July 5 in Windham county Superior Court.

Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror, imposes a gag order on all investigators assigned to the case. Special Prosecutor McGuigan and 17 state police detectives had gathered evidence for the grand jury.

June 23

More than 50 persons will be subpoenaed and the scope of the probe will be expanded to include subsequent actions connected with the accident, The Bulletin reports.

June 24

Eleven New London police officers, including the top detective involved in the first of three investigations of the hit-run death, have been subpoenaed, The Bulletin reports.

July 5

The grand jury begins behind closed doors with testimony by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

Outside, a television camera crew drips with sweat under the glare of a hot summer sun.

Inside it is quiet and cool – almost like any other day. The state police detectives and reporters talk about golf, baseball and other summertime activities. Because of the gag order imposed by Judge Dannehy, they can’t talk about what is most on their minds, what has brought them all together – the unsolved hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.

The session lasts about five hours and also includes testimony by Mrs. Showalter and Debra Emilyta, Mr. Showalter’s companion the night he died.

Ms. Emilyta has been sitting on a wall about 6 feet from Mr. Showalter when he was killed. She told police she only heard the 20-year-old Mitchell College student struck, and did not see the car which struck him.

July 6

Witnesses include Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Arco in New London. What he identified as body putty, apparently from the car that struck and killed Mr. Showalter, has never been seen since police officers placed it in an envelope that night, according to sources.

Ms. Emilyta concludes testimony.

Also testifying are Dr. Robert Weller, members of his family, and a friend, who while returning home from church drove past Mr. Showalter as he was changing the tire. They were among the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

Other witnesses include Mrs. Ruth P. Hendel and Mrs. Charles (Shirley Pope) Alloway, her daughter.

On Christmas Eve, 1973, Mrs. Hendel had just turned away from the window of her home on Pequot Avenue where she had been watching Mr. Showalter work on the Emilyta car. She heard the noise of the car striking Mr. Showalter and turning back quickly she caught a glimpse of the taillights. Her first impression of the fleeing southbound car was that it was bright-colored, possibly red.

Mrs. Hendel continued to watch the accident scene as she telephoned Mrs. Alloway, the wife of a New London police officer.

Arthur Adams of New London, a Mitchell College security guard and former state policeman, also testifies. Aside from Ms. Emilyta and the hit-run driver, Adams may have been one of the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

Adams saw Mr. Showalter working on the car and Ms. Emilyta sitting on the stone wall, swinging her legs. He observed the girl with a coat collar wrapped around her head, in conversation with Mr. Showalter, after the Weller party had driven by.

Adams continued on his rounds towards the Montauk Avenue side of the campus. Sometime after 11 p.m., he saw an ambulance heading for the hospital and two police cars heading down Plant Street.

July 7

Some of the last persons who saw Mr. Showalter alive and one of the first who saw him dead testify.

Six members of the Sitty family, who were celebrating Christmas Eve and occasionally watching Mr. Showalter change a tire from inside a house on Pequot Avenue, tell the grand jury what they knew about the case, Edmond Sitty had brought out a blanket and a corduroy coat to put over Mr. Showalter’s body after he had been struck and killed.

A New London High School classmate of Mr. Showalter, Arthur Petrini, was a passenger in a car that passed the accident scene sometime after Mr. Showalter was killed and before the ambulance and police arrived. He also testified.

July 12

Witnesses included two firemen and a dispatcher, two nurses and an orderly, the New London County Medical Examiner, the first man to officially identify Mr. Showalter, and a woman who lives near the accident scene.

Larry Grimes, a security guard who knew Mr. Showalter from Mitchell College, had made the preliminary identification at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, where he also worked. Mrs. Dorothy Bryson of Pequot Avenue, who came upon the accident scene, also testifies.

July 13

New London police officers pack the waiting room of the Windham County Courthouse. Of the 11 who were subpoenaed last month, at least seven are present.

The 11 include Patrolmen Vincent McGrath, Steven Colonis, Thomas P. Bowes Jr., and Cpl. Joseph Chiapponne, all of whom were involved in the initial investigation. With the change of shift, Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, Patrolmen Richard West and Glenn Davis and Det. Sgt. Konstanty T. Bucko joined the probe. Bucko was off duty at the time.

McGrath filed the motor vehicle report of the accident and the sketch on the report was by Bowes. Bucko took photographs of the scene and gathered evidence. His photographs may be the only ones taken. Bucko also went to the hospital and got the victim’s clothing, according to sources.

Colonis, the first officer on the scene, apparently arrived as Mr. Showalter was being placed in the ambulance. He interviewed Ms. Emilyta and took her to the station to file a 13-sentence statement.

There is some confusion of whether Colonis drove an unmarked police car that night. Sources say police made conflicting statements on that question.

July 14

Thomas Wainwright, who played tennis with Kevin Showalter at New London High, saw his lifeless body on a sidewalk on Pequot Avenue before an ambulance or police arrived, and is among those testifying today. Arthur Petrini, who testified last week, was a passenger in Wainwright’s car.

Mr. and Mrs. Donald Wainwright, who were stopped by police after circling the scene in another auto, also testify.

At least seven New London police officers are at the courthouse, but it is not known how many are testifying.

July 19

The grand jury shifts beyond reconstructions by “near witnesses,” as Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, now retired, testifies. He was the squad leader who reportedly conducted “an intensive investigation” for a red car during the 11:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. shift on Christmas Day 1973.

July 20

The grand jury investigators spend much of the day alone reviewing physical evidence and testimony. Only three witnesses – New London police who have already appeared during the proceedings – are present.

July 21

Det. Bucko appears for at least the fourth time in the nine days the grand jury has convened. The session begins at 10 a.m. and ends about 5:45 p.m., with his departure.

A nurse’s aide who knelt by Mr. Showalter’s body, feeling for a pulse, also testifies, Sue Costello, who heard the report of an accident as she was leaving Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals in New London from her shift, had arrived on the scene before ambulance personnel and police.

July 26

The scope of the grand jury probe goes beyond Mr. Showlater’s death and runs smack into a crucial area of dispute with the appearance of New London police detective Walter Petchark.

On Christmas Day 1973, with evidence already missing and news of Mr. Showalter’s death on the radio, Petchark reportedly received a call from former mayor Harvey N. Mallove. Mallove later told The Bulletin there was no truth to the report. But he allegedly told Petchark he thought he saw the accident the night before.

Three city police detectives – Bucko, Petchark, and Carmello Fazzina – were present at the inquiry. They were followed by laboratory technicians from the FBI, who lent their expertise in the analysis of headlight glass possibly belonging to the death vehicle.

July 27

The former counsel for the estate of Mr. Showalter testifies. Atty. Thomas Bishop confirms his representation of the estate was severed in June 1974.

Thomas and Donald Wainwright return for further testimony.

July 28

Witnesses include Mrs. S.F. Zimet of Ledyard. Mallove said he was visiting at her home on Christmas Eve 1973, left about 10:45 p.m., and was home in New London about half an hour later.

Mrs. Zimet is accompanied by her attorney, L. Patrick Gray. Gray, like Bishop, is a member of the New London law firm Suissman, Shapiro, Wool, and Brennan.

Other witnesses include New London city Manager C. Francis Driscoll and Elise Mallove, Mallove’s daughter. Miss Mallove was home for her Christmas vacation in 1973.

The grand jury begins a four-week recess. More than 50 persons were called during the first 12 days of the inquiry.

August 30

New London police investigators and a newspaper editor who has followed their unsolved hit-run death case for three years are among the witnesses.

Retired Police Chief John Crowley and Det. Lt. K.T. Bucko, who refused repeated pleas by The Bulletin in March of 1975 to discuss the death of Kevin B. Showalter, gives testimony – as did the paper’s managing editor, John C. Peterson.

Peterson testifies for three hours.

August 31

The attorney who conducted a coroner’s inquest into Mr. Showalter’s death, the results of which have never met public scrutiny, is the first witness today. Atty. Joseph Moukwasher, who heard testimony from 50 witnesses during six days in September and November of 1974, is one of the few persons familiar with the substance of that investigation.

It took more than two years for the transcripts of the hearings to be typed and submitted to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti.

State Police Sgt. Donald Crouch, who in 1974 and 1975 worked for the federal grand jury investigating alleged corruption in the New London force, also testifies. Other witnesses included Rosemary Benson and Carol James.

September 1

Physical exhibits appear to outnumber witnesses in the 15th day of proceedings. Two state police technicians from the crime lab in Bethany carry satchels concealing evidence into the closed courtroom. One exhibit is a light colored automobile fender, which was dented and streaked.

September 2

Det. Edward Pickett of the New London County State’s Attorney’s office, who helped administer a lie detector test to Ms. Emilyta, testifies. Ms. Emilyta passed the test.

Another detective, private investigator Joe Harris, is also called. A former Waterford police sergeant, he worked on the case for a brief time, on his own.

Other witnesses in a short session include State Police Sgt. Charles Trotter, a principal investigator in the federal grand jury probe of the New London city police.

September 12

Two persons who saw Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve 1973, hours before he was killed testify.

Ramona Ricci, a coworker of Mr. Showalter’s at a Waterford discotheque, attended one of two parties Mr. Showalter had planned to go to after work that night. Nancy Wicksham, who also testified, had joined friends that holiday evening at the club.

September 18

Mallove says his status as a suspect in the case is “nothing new.” During testimony in a New Jersey courtroom, Connecticut State Police revealed Mallove is a prime suspect in the hit-run case. The testimony concerned refusal by two New Jersey men to comply with a subpoena issued by the one-man grand jury. Trooper Charles Wargat also testified he was told the two men repaired Mallove’s car on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day 1973.

Mallove tells The Bulletin he did not know the men and never had a car repaired at their shop on Reed Street in New London. He says he didn’t kill Mr. Showalter and doesn’t know anything about anybody who did.

September 19

One of the two men who testified with immunity today has said in a published account he has no knowledge of the case and denied any car was repaired in his New London shop on Christmas Eve 1973.

Walter String Jr. made those comments in the New Jersey Courier Post. He and his son, Walter String III, had been ordered to appear today by a New Jersey judge, after refusing to comply with a subpoena.

Among the dozen or so witnesses are New London city police Sgt. Donald Sloan and Cpl. Charles Alloway. They took the first full statement from Ms. Emilyta, five days after the accident.

September 26

Darlene Barnes, a friend of Mr. Showalter who patronized the Waterford discotheque where he worked, is among the witnesses today. Ms. Barnes was also one of the 50 witnesses during the coroner’s inquest of 1974.

October 3

Larry Grimes testifies again. The Mitchell College security guard who made the first identification of Mr. Showalter at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, was also at the courthouse on July 12, and Sept. 26.

The grand jury will be in recess until October 17. It has convened 20 times since July 5 and heard about 90 witnesses.

October 11

Judge Dannehy says published reports that Mallove is a prime suspect in the case “couldn’t bother me in the least.”

“They (the newspapers) are free to speculate if they wish,” Dannehy says. “I am not concerned with their claimed right to freedom of expression.

I think that sometimes their attitude is to publish and be damned, but they don’t bother me.”

“Why don’t you wait” for the grand jury report? Dannehy asked.

October 17

The sales manager of a New London auto firm who said he has sold a number of cars to the family of a suspect in the hit-run case testifies.

In 1970, Peter Emmanuel Sr. of New London Motors sold a Lincoln Continental to Harvey N. Mallove, whom state police have identified as a suspect in the Christmas Eve, 1973 death. A compact car was among the other autos the New London firm sold to Mallove.

State police were looking for a green Chrysler product when they first questioned New London motors personnel, Emmanuel said before he testified. But the firm didn’t sell Mallove such a vehicle, which police had believed was the death car, he added.

October 24

The grand jury does not convene today because the investigators were not ready to proceed, Judge Dannehy said. He said he plans to conduct several more sessions before adjourning to write the final report, but did not specify.

November 14

The grand jury meets for its first regular session since October 17 and hears one witness. The witness, Gary Jordan of New London, said he was dating Elise Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973.

Sources say the grand jury conducted at least one special session since October 17, but it was not known who testified.

November 21

State police continue working long and irregular hours probing Mr. Showalter’s death as they re-create the hit-run scene on Pequot Avenue near Plant Street for at least the third time.

November 29

The man whom state police have said they consider a prime suspect in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death has his day in court.

Harvey N. Mallove testifies for about four hours before the secret grand jury probing Mr. Showalter’s death. Atty. Leo J. McNamara accompanies Mallove to the Windham County Courthouse.

Mallove says he was one of a number of persons who drove by the accident scene shortly before or after Mr. Showalter was killed. But a four-part series by The Bulletin in March of 1975 showed Mallove saw a scene that seven other persons said could not have taken place.

Mallove passed the accident scene within a minute or two after an ambulance call was logged. His statement to New London police – dated eight months later – conflicts with accounts of seven persons at the scene or looking out their windows seconds after Mr. Showalter was struck.

Mr. Showalter was struck by a car as he changed a tire on a friend’s parked Ford Pinto, on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street.

In his statement, Mallove said he saw an automobile parked at an angle in front of the Pinto. None of the seven persons saw any car stopped at the scene immediately after the victim was hit according to the July 10, 1974 report by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

Mallove’s vivid description of a middle-aged man talking with a girl near the car also conflicts with statements by the seven persons.

In his statement, Mallove said he assumed the man was a member of the police department. But Bucko claims in the July 10 report that Mallove told him the talking to the girl was “NOT” a policeman.

Bucko’s report also claims Mallove learned on Christmas Day 1974 that “a man had been killed and he remarked to some people that he saw the body.” But Bucko continued to report that after Mallove viewed photographs of the scene he realized what he mistook for a body was a floor mat. In his statement, Mallove said he saw a “flat object which I assumed was a blanket or a mat.”

In his August 31, 1974 statement, Mallove said, “Seeing no trouble, accident, or any evidence of anything out of place…I continued on my way home.”

In the July 10, 1974 report, Bucko claims; “Mr. Mallove stated he was going to stop because he realized there had been an accident.”

Mallove has told The Bulletin that Bucko misquoted him.

December 7

The calling of witnesses ends with Mallove’s second appearance.

The proceedings included a film screening, apparently of the death scene as re-created by state police.

After the 35 minute screening, Special Prosecutor McGuigan and Judge Dannehy questioned Mallove for about 40 minutes. That was the bulk of the afternoon session.

The question of whether indictments should be handed down in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death now rests with Judge Dannehy.

After 24 sessions and more than 100 witnesses, Dannehy said the next step for the grand jury is the final report on who killed Kevin B. Saltwater.

1978

Feb. 17 Report filed.

Feb. 22

Report made public.

  • THE DANNEHY REPORT


  • SHOWALTER COVERUP COLUMNS

    Chapter 1

    Law and Justice in Everyday Life

    Cover-Up In New London

    Hit-And-Run Continues To Mock Justice


    Sept. 4, 2000

    If Connecticut Chief State’s Attorney John Bailey wants to bring closure to cold cases, here’s one from New London that should top the list: The Showalter hit-and-run cover-up is a dark chapter in Connecticut history, a tale more appropriate for a Third World country.

    And yet, only one thing bothers former New London County State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti about the Showalter case: that it was investigated at all.

    Satti, now retired, made the point again and again, most recently this year. Satti’s complaint, made during the wake of the late state police Detective George Ryalls, was that Ryalls’ obituary mentioned the suspect the prosecutor refused to pursue in the Showalter probe.

    Kevin B. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, was killed at 11:12 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. He was changing a tire on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue on the New London shoreline when he was struck and killed. His girlfriend, sitting only 6 feet away on a stone wall, claims she saw nothing.

    Auto body putty from the death car disappeared after a tow truck driver gave it to New London police. The evidence file that was supposed to contain the putty was stuffed with bathroom tiles. The file that was supposed to contain headlight glass from the death car instead contained glass from three different headlights. State police and others suspected that, in order to throw legitimate investigators off the trail, the late young man's clothing was pounded on a different-colored car than the one that killed him.

    The victim's mother, Lucille M. Showalter, tried to get a grand jury investigation of the cover-up. She was rebuffed repeatedly by the presiding judge, Angelo Santaniello who, it later became clear, was best friends with the leading suspect. Santaniello then referred Showalter to prosecutor Satti, who happened to be his former law partner. Satti refused to acknowledge registered letters from Mrs. Showalter pleading for a grand jury probe.

    Satti did finally meet with Mrs. Showalter in 1978, after Judge Joseph Dannehy of Willimantic, acting as a one-man grand jury, named former New London Mayor Harvey N. Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle. Satti called the three-hour meeting, in which he repeatedly told Mrs. Showalter that there never should have been a grand jury investigation under Dannehy.

    Mallove held a good hand; he had the best legal muscle in New London County on his side. New London police would not question him for more than seven months, and then only in a perfunctory manner. They would say they inspected his cars, but they did not. Significantly, Mallove’s Lincoln had been repaired, but it wasn’t until state police took over the case four years after the accident that the fender was finally seized.

    Santaniello would arrange for a coroner’s inquest and put his niece in charge of typing the transcript. Only after two years of intense public pressure would the transcript be typed. But the inquest never issued a finding.

    Santaniello tipped off Mallove that he was a suspect. The judge was also aware of what local police knew about the case. Mrs. Showalter memorialized the admissions in tape-recorded telephone conversations.

    “I did talk to Harvey,” Santaniello told Mrs. Showalter on Oct. 17, 1975, “and I said, `You’re suspected.’ As a matter of fact, at that time a police officer came to him on the same day or the next day, and told him you were making accusations about him and that he was a prime suspect.” The day before, Mallove told Mrs. Showalter, “Judge Santaniello is of the opinion that you fingered me.”

    It was not until 1977 that state police, who took over the case at the behest of former Gov. Ella Grasso, formally named Mallove a suspect. Next week, I'll propose a means to solve the Showalter cover-up.

    Showalter Cover-Up Is New London's Shame

    Sept. 11, 2000

    New London, where I grew up and began working in the 1960s and ‘70s, was a dirty little city with character.

    It had a restaurant called the Hygienic that was everything but. There were at least a couple bars where the cops couldn't do anything, except maybe a little business.

    The top pimp in town never went to jail until he was about 60 and a certain court official retired.

    New London will always be the city that tried to cover up the Christmas Eve 1973 hit-and-run death of Kevin B. Showalter. It's been doing a pretty good job for nearly 27 years, but the onion is beginning to peel.

    The local daily newspaper admitted -- in its official history published this year -- that it did a shoddy job on the Showalter case. Specifically, The Day admitted its failure to explore the relationship between a former mayor and a top judge, and their influence on the course of the criminal investigation. That’s a beginning.

    Political and police corruption goes back a couple generations in New London. By the 1970s, New London police were widely known to be involved in the selling of women, dope and refrigerators, among other things. A federal grand jury took note. But as with the Showalter case, there were these little problems with the evidence.

    A jewelry store owner and former city mayor multi-millionaire Harvey Mallove was the prime suspect in the hit-and-run death of Showalter, a student at Mitchell College. Showalter’s date that night, Christmas Eve 1973, said she saw nothing from her vantage point six feet away, sitting on a stone wall under a streetlight on a residential street as a young man changed the tire of her car.

    Harvey was everybody’s pal. He would take kids to the Super Bowl, then, down the road, get them jobs as cops. He was friends with bums in the street and bums in high political office. He was wired. The standing joke among reporters became: Harvey's a great guy to have a beer with, just don't change your tire if he's driving by.

    “I didn't kill the kid in any way, shape or form,” Harvey told me many times. As mayor, Harvey helped hire a few police chiefs. His best friend was the administrative judge for the county; that was the judge who controlled the early stages of the investigation, specifically a coroner’s inquest that never issued a finding.

    State police followed up a report that Mallove’s best friend, County Administrative Judge Angelo G. Santaniello, was with Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973. Santaniello reportedly was No. 11 on a guest list for a party at the home of his political mentor, the late state Sen. Peter Mariani. The Mariani party was one of two Mallove attended that night.

    Santaniello told reporters he never went out on Christmas Eve.

    Another state judge, Joseph F. Dannehy, conducted two grand jury investigations. In 1978, Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle, but said evidence that might have ensured conviction was either mishandled or destroyed.

    Mallove died a few years ago with this legacy. Others still have time to come clean and tell the truth about the cover-up. Mrs. Showalter tried unsuccessfully to have Satti, Santaniello and others prosecuted for hindrance of prosecution (CGS Section 53a-166) warning of impending discovery, providing means of avoiding discovery, preventing discovery by deception. Because a conspiracy to hinder prosecution is an ongoing crime, those with information could tell Chief State's Attorney John Bailey, who has begun an initiative to solve some of the state's cold homicide cases.

    Isn’t it time? No one kept the system honest when it counted, though some tried. Most stood by as the system that was supposed to protect the victim and his family betrayed them all.

    Where is the conscience of the community?

    Cold Case On Ice Forever

    Nov. 6, 2000

    One way to deflect attention from a suspect is to get investigators involved in meaningless, time-consuming tasks. Another way is to create a bogus suspect who is then exposed as such, causing a belief that the case is just too hazy to pursue.

    Both of these devices were used repeatedly in the cover-up of the Showalter hit-run case in New London. Whether this was happenstance, indifference, incompetence or malfeasance, the result was the same. The system failed.

    And now, it seems, the truth will remain buried forever.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror who investigated the case, wrote in his finding of fact: “After December 25, 1973, the New London Police Department did virtually nothing to solve the hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.” The accident occurred the night before.

    Local police and court officials, however, were pro-active in another sense. Their actions served to protect the assailant.

    For example, New London police claimed it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles using data from the state Motor Vehicle Department. The motor vehicle department declared there was no such charge.

    Nevertheless, New London police spent their time hand-sorting local motor vehicle cards. They looked for a green Chrysler. That was likely a false lead; state police said paint particles found on the victim's clothing did not come from the car that killed him.

    Former Mayor Harvey Mallove began meeting informally with police and court officials as early as Dec. 25, 1973. Mallove wanted to know what the police knew.

    The only lead after two and a half years was quashed by then New London Common Pleas Court Prosecutor Harold Dean in May 1976. The lead was a letter of confession written by a Somers prison inmate to the victim’s mother, Lucille Showalter.

    “I told Harold how important that was to me,” Mallove, the prime suspect, confided to an associate. He also acknowledged discussing the purported confession with his best friend, the presiding judge for the county, Angelo Santaniello.

    The author of the letter was known to be connected with “fences,” or purveyors of stolen goods in the New London area. State police arrested him for harassment of Mrs. Showalter. Two state troopers met with Dean for an hour. They told him the letter contained possibly significant information. State police also believed they could connect the dots in New London between the letter writer and the powers-that-be. Did he owe some favors? Was he paid? Police knew the author had no liability for the accident; he was actually in Florida at the time of the hit-run.

    Dean nolled and dismissed the case without telling the troopers or Mallove. Soon thereafter, state police listed the killing of Showalter as “closed pending further development.” Upon learning of Dean's action, Chief State's Attorney Joseph Gormley remarked he had “no idea” why the lead, “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. The case would remain closed for six months, until Gov. Ella Grasso brought the matter to Justice John Cotter.

    Was there criminal activity connected with the Showalter cover-up? It appears we will never know for certain. Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver, noting that evidence which might have ensured conviction was destroyed. The Chief State’s Attorney’s Office reviewed aspects of the case this fall after a series of columns appeared in The Law Tribune. However, the statute of limitations for the most likely potential charge, conspiracy to hinder prosecution of motor vehicle misconduct, has expired. This shameful case, it appears, is destined to stay on ice forever.

    - AND:

    Olympic Gold for Missing Evidence


    November 28, 2005

    Judge Ellen Gordon was in way over her head with what she tried pass off as a ruling in Day Publishing v. State's Attorney.

    Clueless Gordon was handed a hot one, a case no one has ever wanted in the so-called New London Judicial District. Every single time this case has come to court, begging for justice, The Robes, the prosecutors and their minions have either desecrated their oaths or looked the other way. Clueless Gordon, fairly new to the scene, has managed to join the list of those who are both ostriches and failures.

    The Day newspaper asked Gordon this year to release the grand jury testimony regarding the cover-up of the 1973 hit-run death of Kevin Showalter. Before Gordon probably ever heard of Showalter, five New London County judges recused themselves from a John Doe civil suit against the driver because they were friends with the prime suspect, Harvey Mallove. Mallove -- the late mayor of New London and multimillionaire jeweler who picked police chiefs, planned to run for Congress and starred in the social scene -- was prone to say, "I never killed the kid -- in any way, shape or form."

    It's not like we could expect a New London judge to show guts or brains in this case. Compelling testimony from the first of two grand juries implicated local law enforcement and court officials in a widespread cover-up.

    On Christmas Eve 1973 at 11:12 p.m., as the call came in, a high-ranking New London officer, said, "F--k him, he's dead," and then left to go home. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, lay dead on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue by the shoreline. His body was thrown 22 feet from the point of impact. His shoes were found 110 feet apart. A leg bone was 75 feet away.

    A tow truck driver gave police auto body putty from the death car. The putty was never seen again. New London police mixed headlight glass from at least three different cars in what they called the evidence file. Replacing the auto body putty was bathroom tile. A local coroner's inquest never issued a finding. State police, who took over the case at the behest of Gov. Ella Grasso, were bewildered and angry when they could not find the transcript of the coroner's inquest. Mallove's best friend -- the presiding judge for the county, Angelo G. Santaniello -- had put his niece in charge of typing that transcript. Santaniello also tipped off Mallove to his status as a suspect.

    Now, Clueless Gordon can't find the 3,000-page transcript of the first grand jury. Does she care? Court clerks allegedly performed a diligent search. Would any reasonable person believe or accept any of this?

    Among the last persons known to possess the grand jury report was the late State's Attorney, C. Robert Satti. Satti, who refused to investigate the case before a special prosecutor was appointed, claimed he returned a copy to the grand juror, then Willimantic Superior Court Judge (later Supreme Court Justice) Joseph Dannehy. Both Dannehy and Satti are dead. Did "Do Nothing Bob" -- Mallove's moniker for Satti -- take it with him? We might as well ask Harvey, also dead, or Kevin.

    Gordon's pathetic decision, dated Nov. 7, went on for about a sentence before its first fatal error. It might sound like a technical error, but it's much, much more than that. She actually said New London police investigated the case.

    Before this, I thought it might take generations to remove the stench from the New London courthouse. Alas, for New London, the stench of this cover-up is forever.


    Find & Open
    the Showalter File

  • Hartford Courant Editorial








  • more COOL JUSTICE








  •           Resistance at Standing Rock: Dispatches from the Front Lines        

    UPDATES:





  • Water Protector Legal Collective Files Suit for Excessive Force against Peaceful Protesters


  • Veterans to Serve as ‘Human Shields’ for Dakota Pipeline Protesters



  • Oceti Sakowin encampment on Oct. 6, 2016. The proper name for the people commonly known as the Sioux is Oceti Sakowin, (Och-et-eeshak-oh-win) meaning Seven Council Fires.








    Story and Photos by John Briggs

    Cool Justice Editor's Note: OK to repost, courtesy of John Briggs and The Cool Justice Report.







    Corporate – Government Alliance Versus the American People

    Native Americans from tribes across the country have gathered on the windswept plains of North Dakota to pray with Mother Earth to keep the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) from pumping 500,000 gallons of oil a day beneath the Missouri River. The natives know the pipeline will most certainly leak or break, as have most U.S. pipelines, fouling the water for the Great Sioux Nation and 18 million non-Natives downstream.

    The standoff -- which began in April -- continues as a new U.S. administration ascends to power with a president-elect who campaigned denying human-caused climate change and threatening the Paris Climate accords. This remains the overriding reality despite a mini walk back by Donald Trump pledging an open mind to The New York Times this week.

    Standing Rock illuminates the brazen alliance that has developed between corporate and government interests. Viewed from the front lines, the law has been turned into a fig leaf for repression and suppression. Only the discipline and spiritual clarity of the water protectors and the native elders has kept people from being killed or seriously injured since April when the movement began.

    The fused police-DAPL force is doing everything it can to incite a violent reaction from the resisters so as to crack down, clear the camps, imprison, or even gun down the natives. More than one commentator has found the atmosphere at Standing Rock similar to what led to the Wounded Knee massacre in 1890 when 300 Sioux were murdered by government troops who mistook their prayerful Ghost Dance for a war dance.

    A great deal is at issue at Standing Rock. The Sioux and their numerous native and non-native allies face a militarized force whose composition tells us something dark about the complex façade that U.S. democracy has become and suggests the proto-fascist zombi lurking beneath. More deeply, Standing Rock also emblemizes a struggle that is taking place at this moment in human history between two distinct modes of human consciousness.

    One mode is the familiar anthropocentric (human-centered) consciousness that the dominant culture most of us were born into favors—a consciousness that assumes reality is a collection of objects to be extracted, owned, and branded. Humans are the focus of this consciousness, meaning that our concerns about climate change focus primarily on the fate of our own species.

    Distinct from this anthropocentric mind-set is a second, ancient and spiritual mode of awareness that understands that the earth and its landscapes are not objects; they are relationships, including the tangle of relationships that gave us birth. This ancient mode of consciousness is potential in everyone, but for most it has been buried beneath the piles of conceptual objects that we have come to believe constitute our reality.

    The Indigenous Peoples gathered at Standing Rock are guided by this ancient, holistic, earth-mind consciousness, and so they understand that humans are not the most valuable living objects on the planet: we are not in control of the planet; it is not our job to manage nature; rather, our sacred task is to work with Mother Earth and other beings as members of Earth’s family. If we don’t, Mother Earth will make us face this spiritual truth one way or another.

    Guided by their ancient, earth-mind awareness, Native Americans have taken up a role as “water protectors.” “Mni Wiconi, Water is Life” is the slogan of the Standing Rock movement.

    Every day scores of Sioux from North Dakota, South Dakota and nearby states, along with Paiute, Shoshoni, Diné, and a sampling of other Natives from the 300 or so tribes whose flags fly at the Standing Rock encampments set out to pipeline construction sites in a convoy to engage in “actions” on the “front lines.”

    There the protectors sing and pray in the face of physical harassment and arrests by heavily armed police fused with a corporate security force.

    DAPL and their overlord company, Energy Transfer Partners, have lavished campaign contributions on politicians in North Dakota and the U.S. Congress so that they could use the state’s eminent domain powers to force purchase of land for the pipeline all across North Dakota, beginning in the Bakken fields in the northwest corner of the state where the fracked crude oil is extracted. Similar eminent domain arrangements were achieved in other states through which the 1,200-mile line traverses before reaching a river port in Illinois. The company promised Congress and the public that the pipeline would carry oil for 100 percent domestic use only, but it is clear from reporting done by the website The Intercept that the oil will be sold on international markets.

  • Though Promised for Domestic Use, Dakota Access Pipeline May Fuel Oil Exports


  • The DAPL line, now virtually complete except for permission from the Army Corps of Engineers to fill in the link that crosses under the Missouri River, passes just north of the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation and Cannon Ball, North Dakota. The DAPL construction runs through sacred burial and archeological grounds that the Lakota people were given free access to by treaties with the U.S. Government in the 19th Century. In mounting their resistance to the pipeline, the Standing Rock Sioux have been turned into “trespassers on their own land.”

    In late August, the tribe’s lawyers filed a stop work petition in federal court detailing areas where sacred sites would be disturbed if construction continued on its planned trajectory. The federal judge routinely forwarded a copy of the filing to DAPL. Over Labor Day weekend, when the company would not have been expected to work, pipeline crews leapfrogged to the disputed sacred and preemptively bulldozed them under. Too late, the judge granted the Sioux an emergency restraining order, but, then in a curious move, allowed construction in some areas where sacred sites have been discovered. DAPL has ignored a request from the Obama administration not to work in buffer areas on either side of the river. No fines have been imposed for intentionally bulldozing the disputed sacred sites.

  • The Legal Case for Blocking the Dakota Access Pipeline


  • Burial ground at center of police confrontations is known historical site


  • In recent live-stream videos from the front lines, DAPL-police snipers can be seen perched on top of a sacred mound called Turtle Island, their high-powered rifle crosshairs trained on the water protectors who are standing in prayer in the frigid lake below.

    North Dakota wants the federal government to pick up the tab for the massive expenditures required to keep the Native Americans under their guns. Alternatively, the CEO of Energy Transfers, Kelcy Warren, has offered to pick up the millions-of-dollars tab.

  • ETP CEO Kelcy Warren Says They Have Offered to Pay Protest Related Expenses


  • Native media have documented that DAPL has already been supplying military-style equipment, drones, armored vehicles, riot gear, water canons, concussion grenades and other armaments. The tax-payer-funded and corporate-sponsored front lines phalanx is led by the Morton County Sheriff’s Department, which has local jurisdiction, reinforced by North Dakota State Troopers, North Dakota National Guard units, sheriffs and police from six nearby states—all interpenetrated by DAPL security (while the FBI lurks in the background). A contingent of Hennepin County, Minnesota, Sheriffs’ Deputies were recalled following protests back home. Residents in the state of Ohio are writing letters and calling legislators to express their distress that their law enforcement has been enlisted into this repressive force.

  • Hennepin Co. sheriff's deputies leave Standing Rock protest


  • Native media’s live stream videos show DAPL security teams in mirror-visor helmets and black ops body armor with no identification, mingling with the police, sometimes directing them when and who to mace or pepper spray. They point out media making video for arrest. The big fossil fuel company evidently has plenty of experience dealing with protestors around the world. In their blank, reflecting visors we can see the soulless Darth Vader face of the government-corporate proto-fascist state the U.S. is becoming.

    Of course, this struggle with the Wasi’chu (Lakota word for the white man, meaning literally “takes too much”) is an old story for Native-Americans. In the 18th and 19th centuries it took the form of the Sioux nations trying to hold back the tsunami of colonizers flooding into their ancestral lands, occupying and despoiling them. The big difference now is that the fire-power of the state (think Custer’s 7th Cavalry or present day militarized police) has been fused with vast profit centers dependent for their existence on plundering the earth in the name of energy-squandering lifestyle survival.

    The provocations the water protectors endure take many forms. There is the psychological pressure of constant surveillance: the heavy police presence on the roads around tribal and reservation lands, the DPLA helicopter and a small plane that circle constantly above the encampments; there is the Bureau of Indian Affairs station set up on a knoll to suck out data from the cell phones of anyone in the area. There is the pepper spraying and tasing of water protectors who are praying. There is the more recent blasting of the protectors with freezing water canons in sub zero weather. There is the constant threat of weapons pointed at them. One twitching trigger finger could set off a slaughter.

    The water protectors are unarmed. The resistance movement does not allow guns in the encampments. One day, at one of the front line actions, an armed man showed up with a pistol and began firing. Possibly he was paid by DAPL to create an incident. The Natives are aware of paid provocateurs or agitators passing through the camps, pulling dirty tricks, looking to start something. Antimedia reported about the man with the gun: “According to an official statement from the tribe, the man fired several shots from his gun before being peacefully apprehended by tribal police. Witnesses at the scene say he pointed his gun at several protesters. The man was clearly trying to provoke violence that could later be used to demonize protesters who have so far remained peaceful.”

    The news site added, “The Morton County Sheriff’s Department circulated a false report claiming the man was shot, presumably by protesters… [As images show], the man was not harmed. The Sheriff’s Department has since retracted that report. Anti-Media’s attempts to obtain clarifying comments from Morton County Sheriffs were ignored.”

  • Dakota Access Caught Infiltrating Protests to Incite Violence, Funding Trolls Online


  • On a hill overlooking Oceti Sakowin, the largest of the Standing Rock encampments, an old army tent houses the field office of the rotating teams of lawyers who come to Standing Rock to help out. They use donations made to the resistance to bail out protectors who have been arrested; they try to negotiate with the police so the protectors can be allowed to pray. The constant arrests on trumped-up charges are an ongoing harassment—people maced or beaten, violently thrown to the ground and zip-tied. Often activists are charged with trespass and “riot” on the Morton County Sheriff’s novel legal theory that if several people are arrested for trespass that must signify that they were engaged in a riot.

    All this naturally requires court time and money to defend, incarceration in usually unpleasant conditions, including dog kennels. (Though the white allies who are arrested seem to get better treatment.)

    Arrests are to be expected as a consequence of civil disobedience. But some arrests are directed at chilling speech. One lawyer who came to Standing Rock from the Oregon-based Civil Liberties Defense Center, an activist defense nonprofit primarily involved in climate protests, https://cldc.org/ told Jordan Chariton of The Young Turks Network that often after the day’s action was over, police would stop the last cars in the caravan. They would then make “snatch and grab” arrests, impounding the cars of people who had come to support the water protectors but had no expectation that they’d be arrested when the action was over and the police told them to leave. They have to pay heavy fines ($900) to get their cars back. She said the arrests and impoundment fines for their cars are unlawful. “The intention with those types of actions is to scare out-of-towners from being comfortable coming to these actions. So they’re trying to chill the rights of others to come and participate in these protests.”

  • Environmental Lawyer Explains Standing Rock Legal Issues




  • The authorities regularly characterize the natives as terrorists, and local radio spreads false rumors of farm animals being slaughtered and stolen, reported vandalism—the kind of thing you would expect from psychologically projected homesteader fears about savage Indians of earlier centuries.

    Yes, Magazine on Oct. 31 reported: “The county sheriff is claiming the water protectors were violent and that police were stopping a riot. But hours of live video feed from people caught in the confrontation showed instead a military-style assault on unarmed people: police beating people with batons, police with assault rifles, chemical mace, guns firing rubber bullets and beanbag rounds, tasers.”

  • Why Police From 7 Different States Invaded a Standing Rock Camp—and Other Questions


  • The UN has sent human rights observers. According to Salon, Nov. 16, 2016: “The U.N. special rapporteur said that American law enforcement officials, private security firms and the North Dakota National Guard have used unjustified force against protesters.

    “ ‘This is a troubling response to people who are taking action to protect natural resources and ancestral territory in the face of profit-seeking activity,’ [Maina] Kiai [U.N. special rapporteur] said in his statement, which was issued by the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights and was endorsed by several other U.N. experts.

  • Native Americans facing excessive force in North Dakota pipeline protests – UN expert


  • “At least 400 activists have been detained and often have been held in ‘inhuman and degrading conditions in detention,’ Kiai added. Some indigenous protesters have said they were treated like animals and even held in dog kennels.

  • Dakota pipeline protesters say they were detained in dog kennels; 268 arrested in week of police crackdown


  • “ ‘Marking people with numbers and detaining them in overcrowded cages, on the bare concrete floor, without being provided with medical care, amounts to inhuman and degrading treatment,’ the U.N. expert said.

    “ ‘The excessive use of State security apparatus to suppress protest against corporate activities that are alleged to violate human rights is wrong,’ he continued, noting that it violates U.N. guidelines on business and human rights.

    “Amnesty International USA, which has repeatedly criticized authorities for not respecting the rights of protesters, issued another statement on Tuesday noting that U.S. authorities had put up roadblocks to prevent journalists and human rights observers from documenting the protests and the official response.”

  • U.N. experts call for halt in Dakota Access pipeline, blast “excessive force” against protesters


  • Living on Earth reporter Sandy Tolan reflected: “You know, at times I felt I was back reporting in the West Bank, and not the Northern Plains…”

  • Standing With the Standing Rock Sioux


  • The Bundy crew was the cowboys, not the Indians

    Compare the government response at Standing Rock with the response occasioned by Ammon Bundy and his gang of armed militants when they occupied Oregon’s Malheur National Wildlife Refuge for over a month in January 2016. Imagine if the Bundy gang had been pepper sprayed, beaten, hit with water cannon, tased. But the Bundy crew were taking over the refuge to proclaim their belief that public lands should be given free to the profit-making private ranching business. In other words, the Bundy crew was the cowboys, not the Indians.

    The mainstream corporate media has largely ignored the stand-off at Standing Rock. Rallies have taken place around the world at places like Tokyo, Stockholm, and Auckland, but the sad truth is many foreigners have heard more about Standing Rock than Americans have. Not surprising. The news editors, working for corporate media conglomerates, choose what they believe we should know and what fits the larger corporate agenda, and so they devote massively more play to Brad Pitt, to the gossipy politics of who’s-on-first, and to whatever the latest glittering consumer thing is than they do to climate change and issues highlighted by the poor and the powerless, like Standing Rock. What coverage that does exist is usually cursory and misleading.

    Fortunately, alternative media have been on the scene and active at Standing Rock. As someone who taught journalism for more nearly 20 years, it has been refreshing for me to see what the alternative press is accomplishing.

    Amy Goodman of the webcast Democracy Now brought the prayer-resistance movement to national attention over the summer. She was arrested and charged with riot in absentia for her live reports of water protectors being set upon by dogs. The charge was later dismissed in court.

    Jordan Chariton of The Young Turks Network has done searching interviews and incisive commentary from the scene.

    But my absolute favorite news source at Standing Rock is Myron Dewey’s Digital Smoke Signals. Dewey does updates every day, which he posts on Facebook. I highly recommend anyone who has a Facebook account to “follow” him. I went to Standing Rock on Oct. 4-11 with two friends and I have since been able to keep up with developments on the ground through Dewey’s Facebook broadcasts. He posts live stream unedited clips that constitute what he calls an ongoing “documentation” of what is happening day-to-day at the movement.

    Here is Dewey at night standing on a hillside next to the Oceti Sakowin encampment. His face appears in the glow of his screen. Then he’s panning and zooming in on a large grassfire as he’s telling us about it. His finger appears in the screen and points out where the fire started. He says the helicopter which constantly circulates over the camp suddenly disappeared 20 minutes before they saw the first flames. He zooms to the area where he and the person he is with first spotted the fire. He says, “It looked like someone using a drip torch.” He says they called 911, but it’s been over an hour and the Morton County Fire Department hasn’t shown up. He tells the people in the camp, his audience, not to worry, though. It looks like the fire was started by DAPL employees to scare them or hurt them. But the Oceti Sakowin is full of Indians who supplement their income by wild-land firefighting, work that also benefits Mother Earth; he mentions that he is himself a “hotshot” firefighter [one of the elite crews]. He and his fellow firefighters can tell by the wind direction that the fire won’t harm the camp.

    Now here’s Dewey on a bright morning walking along the road by Oceti Sakowin. A young man appears on screen, and Dewey asks him who he is and why he’s here. He’s from the Paiute nation. “I’m here to protect the water,” he says. Dewey asks him to sing a Paiute song. The young man closes his eyes and sings.

    In another nighttime broadcast find we ourselves looking through a car windshield, headlights illuminating the highway, centerlines whizzing by. We hear voices talking in the backseat. The car drives on and on. We’re just watching the road. Then ahead is a police roadblock. The police van looms. Dewey gets out with his camera and calls over to the officers, asks them where they’re from, inquires about where the road blocks are, what are the open routes. At one level it’s a mundane exchange between a citizen and police, but you experience the edginess of the situation. More deeply, you feel the riskiness and pathos that is involved any human interaction. Dewey firmly exercises his right to have these protect-and-serve police respond to him civilly; he is cordial and respectful in a way that reinforces to them and to his viewers that he is after all not their enemy but a fellow human being. Dewey asks more questions and the lead officer says he doesn’t want to be filmed; Dewey offers to turn his camera away from them and onto himself. The distant officers disappear from the screen and Dewey’s face fills it. The contact officer walks nearer; we can hear his voice. Dewey can’t resist a joke, though. He asks the officer if he’s sure he doesn’t want to become famous by putting his face on Dewey’s screen? You realize these are just guys doing their job. Dewey understands that, but he also wants to educate them about the water protectors’ mission. He never misses an opportunity to educate his adversary, as well as his own people about the larger dimensions of the Standing Rock resistance. When he gets back in the car, someone in the back seat says “Let’s get out of here; this is enemy territory.” Dewey laughs, turning the car around, “It’s not enemy territory.”

    I believe you learn more about Standing Rock by watching Dewey’s unedited video than you ever could from watching any number of dramatically produced, commercially constricted reports on CNN, complete with the drumb-drumb latest crisis theme music.

    Dewey explains to his viewers that what they’re seeing is a “documentation” that’s not edited. “It’s not scripted. It’s not acted out.”

    After a month of watching Dewey’s daily reports I realize more fully than I ever have before how ghastly and vacuous mainstream news reporting is: a production where facts have been emptied of the humanity of real encounters, replaced by the shallow performances of reporters and news sources, slick, clichéd phrasing, behavior slotted into ready made categories, events analyzed and even predigested. The news about reality comes to us compartmentalized in trays like tasteless microwave dinners. Rarely is the reader or viewer allowed to simply experience the event unfolding through the reporter’s eyes or camera. The stories are crafted and slickly packaged. Their very polish and stimulating presentation sabotages their meaning and replaces it with a meaningless, artificial understanding.

    Note that I am not saying that the news these days is politically biased. Some obviously is, but the left or right bias charge is a serious red herring, a mis-direction. In fact, in mainstream media’s very effort to appear neutral and unbiased means events are chopped up and pieced together to fit the templates of a few hackneyed forms of storytelling: the winner-loser story, the conflict story, the individual overcoming obstacles story, the facing bad choices stories, he-said, she-said stories, scandal stories, hypocrisy stories. You’ve seen them all, repeatedly.

    Most of these templates come plated with a cynicism, skepticism, superiority, or sentimentality that grabs our attention by adding a dash of disgust. The current journalistic manner of telling stories reduces and dismisses the story in a way that sometimes makes the commercials and pop-up ads come as a relief. None of the common journalistic templates or attitude has much to do with real life as it’s lived in the moment. It’s not what people really experience in their lives. Instead, it’s how they’ve been conditioned to wrap up experience afterward in a dramatized way that leaches out the nuance, that leaves out the moment-to-moment uncertainty, or as the Lakota call it, the Wakan, the deep mystery of relationships that permeates every event. And that’s what Dewey’s broadcasts have in abundance. You get to see him interacting with the people who show up on his screen. You get to feel his humanity and the mystery of everyday relationships taking place at Standing Rock that he brings to light. It’s certainly not dramatic or melodramatic. It’s not interesting or stimulating in the usual way. It does seem really important.

    So when Dewey sits in his parked car and does an update video on “10 things to know about DAPL” (Nov. 18, 2016), there’s no editing and no script, meaning that you get to see him thinking through what those top 10 things might be. Some points he makes are incisive and comic, others not so much. But the not-so-much ones can lead you to thinking about gray areas, the imprecise observations we all make. He asks a guy who just got in the car to help out with his list and the guy, William Hawk Birdshead, goes immediately serious on him until Dewey says, “I was trying to keep it light.” So the Birdshead says, “Laughter is good medicine.” Suddenly they’re off. Dewey mimics the shifty-eyed look of the FBI guys lurking around the area and denying they are FBI, the DAPL security characters trying to look all steely and tough. We learn that in the encampments they say that “DAPL dresses up like Ninja Turtles.” You can tell that it’s DAPL undercover because those guys never drive rez cars, which are rusted and dented. Nobody is spared. Dewey describes the water protectors just arriving from California as dudes who’ve “got their animal spirits on… They’re all furred up. They’re coming in all mystical and crystals.” He and his buddy laugh, which Dewey says is laughter “in a good way,” because the whole thing going on at Standing Rock is deadly serious but you need laughter, because that’s good medicine for healing. And healing and praying are about “getting reconnected with the Earth.”

    This points to a major difference between anthropocentric prayer as most of us know it and earth-mind prayer. In the prayer that most people are familiar with, an individual seeks intercession for human needs with a transcendent being. The Native prayer is about healing not getting. The prayer is a community ceremony or song or ritual to maintain or restore the balance between and among beings, both animate and inanimate. Prayer is to all my relatives, all my relations, the birds, the water, the wind, the buffalo, my family, even those who oppose me as enemies. Mitakuye Oyasin is an important Lakota phrase that means “all my relations.” When you’re watching a Dewey update from Standing Rock you’re experiencing Mitakuye Oyasin in action. It’s newscasting as a kind of prayer, in the earth-mind sense. Whether he’s engaging in laughter or educating about the spiritual importance of water, you can see that what he’s getting at is healing relationships. Watching and listening, you get to be part of that healing.

    What Dewey does goes way beyond advocacy journalism.

    Our traveling companion for our visit to Standing Rock, Lakota elder Tiokasin Ghosthorse, also provides a good way to keep up with developments through the interviews he conducts for his weekly syndicated broadcast from WPKN in Bridgeport Conn. and WBAI in New York City. On Oct. 31, 2016, Tiokasin interviewed a young man who was seized on Oct. 27 when a frontline camp was destroyed by police. Trenton Joseph Castillas Bakeberg, in the bloodline of Crazy Horse, was praying in a sweat lodge when the militarized police swept through the camp. They yanked him out of the sweat lodge and arrested him. The young water protector told Tiokasin:

    “I pray that we’ll be able to keep a state of prayer and peace, as we have been… Although there’s some people on our side are more likely to tend toward violence. But there’s also people on our side to stop them. Don’t start a fight. That’s what it’s all about, keeping it peaceful because the elders told us in the beginning that all it takes is one single act of violence, one person attacking a police officer and they’ll unleash the fear on all of us. This wrath that we have with our military overseas, we’re beginning to see it now in the heart of our own country. All for the greed and the corporate interests of this government. They say we’re a democracy but it’s not showing anymore. The people didn’t want this pipeline, but this foreign entity that they call a corporation, Energy Transfers, is saying, we don’t care. We want this money. We need this for economic stability of the country and that somehow trumps the interests of our communities and our nation as a whole….We’re standing up to this corporate machine with prayer and love.”

  • Forcibly removed from prayer at Standing Rock


  • Against a heavily armed, corporatized democracy designed to ensure that only powerful business and political elites rule the land and possess the wealth of its objects, the Native-American people at Standing Rock stand in defense of Mother Earth armed with songs, prayers, and an understanding that Earth’s objects are us, and we are them. They are our relatives. It seems better armament than most of us Wasi’shu possess. Webster defines fascism as “a political system headed by a dictator in which the government controls business and labor and opposition is not permitted.” It’s an incendiary word, and readers might think ill of me for introducing it here. Certainly we are not a fascist state yet. But for the prayer-resistance at Standing Rock, the clear alliance between corporate and government interests to quell their opposition under color of the law has a fascist flavor.

    It should not surprise anyone that the new US president reportedly holds stocks that directly fund the Dakota Access Pipeline and that the DAPL CEO Kelcy Warren gave the Trump campaign a substantial donation.

  • Trump's Personal Investments Ride on Completion of Dakota Access Pipeline


  • This is how the proto-fascism works. Ironically (or perhaps absurdly), Trump may have been elected by people hoping he would somehow counter the tightening grip of multinational corporations on their lives. One might wish for that to happen.

    At a deep level, Standing Rock may suggest that such absurdities as a Trump presidency occur because our mode of consciousness is impaired or inadequate to the situation it has created on our planet at this historical time. Too many of us have gone dead to the natural world we come from. Our obsessive anthropocentric mode of consciousness has reduced nature and reality at large to a bunch of things we have names for—things that feed our greed. Fortunately, many Indigenous people have retained an acute and ancient consciousness that we are those rocks and trees and clouds, and birds and water that we see outside our windows, and that restoring our relationships with them is incumbent on us.

    John Briggs is emeritus distinguished Professor of Writing and Aesthetics from Western Connecticut State University. He was the English Department’s journalism coordinator for 18 years and was one of the founders of Western’s Department of Writing, Linguistics, and Creative Process. He is the author of several well-known books on chaos theory, fractals and creativity. He lives in the hilltown of Granville, Mass., where served as a Selectman for five years and as reserve police officer for 10 years.


    When people at Standing Rock talk about the black snake they mean the pipeline, referring to an old Sioux legend about a black snake that will threaten the end of the world. The Lakota prophet Black Elk said that in the seventh generation, the Sioux tribes would unite to save the world.

    Media covering the Standing Rock resistance movement:

  • Digital Smoke Signals


  • Myron Dewey, Facebook


  • The Antimedia


  • Democracy Now


  • The Intercept


  • The Guardian


  • Censored News


  • Unicorn Riot


  • Living on Earth


  • The Indigenous Environmental Network


  • Status of Standing Rock court claim



  •           Hit-and-Run Chronology, Grand Jury Report & Follow-up Columns, Re; Library Discussion 9-22-16        

    Open
    the Showalter File

  • Hartford Courant Editorial




  • Cool Justice Editor's Note:
    This post is primarily for patrons and guests of the Sprague Public Library, who might participate in a discussion on Thursday at 6:30 p.m. A link to announcements of that event is at the very bottom of this post. Thanks for reading, AT.


    Via
    Law And Justice In Everyday Life


    F. Lee Bailey on Law and Justice in Everyday Life and the Showalter case:

    This book - which is mainly about public officials, police, judges and lawyers either shaming or shining - is a good read. Many of the stories stand alone, like slices of life. Others will appear early in the book, with follow-up chapters later. The crown jewel, in my view, is his handling of the strange death of Kevin Showalter, who was slammed 50 feet down the road in New London, Connecticut on Christmas Eve 1973 while changing a tire on the traffic side of a parked car. For many years, Andy Thibault dogged a case which public officials seemed determined to let die, despite the presence of a likely suspect. He tells me his mentor, John Peterson, broke the case open and then handed over the torch. Joined by the victim's mother, Lucille, who revealed herself as a determined but delightful woman as the story unfolds, Andy beats up on police, prosecutors, judges and governors until finally there is action. Spurred on by an appointment hastened by Gov. Ella Grasso, Judge Joseph Dannehy conducted one of the most brilliant and thorough investigations I have ever seen. If this book were only about the Showalter case, it would be worth the price.

    APPENDIX

    THE SHOWALTER CHRONOLOGY – A FOUR YEAR SEARCH FOR JUSTICE


    New London, Ct.

    1973

    December 24

    Approximately 11:10 to 11:20 p.m. Kevin B. Showalter is killed. Car leaves scene. Only taillights observed by a neighbor.

    There is much confusion. Mr. Showalter had been changing a tire on his companion’s car. His companion Debra Emilyta, was sitting about six feet away from the car on a stone wall.

    Ms. Emilyta told police she heard a thud, but did not see the car which struck Mr. Showalter. She said she ran across the road, a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street, before seeing Mr. Showalter’s body.

    Mr. Showalter’s body was thrown 22 feet from the believed point of impact, onto a sidewalk near a large tree. The police report prepared that night noted the deceased’s shoes were found 110 feet apart. Part of a leg bone was found 75 feet away.

    Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Auto Body gives police body putty, apparently from the car which struck Mr. Showalter. The putty never made it to the police station. Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko later denies its existence.

    December 25

    Autopsy performed. No trace of alcohol or drugs found. Cause of death listed as lacerated liver and broken neck.

    In efforts to console Mrs. Showalter, friends, neighbors, witnesses and officials volunteer information about the accident. She quietly listens for about six weeks, taking it for granted that police are acting on the same information. December 26

    New London police begin full-scale search for red car.

    1974

    February 6

    FBI report describes paint particles on Mr. Showalter’s clothing as “racing green” or “forest green” used on 1968 Chrysler products.

    February 7

    Mrs. Showalter notes she had the impression local police were not actively pursuing the case. She began interviewing those persons who came to her voluntarily and made a written record of her findings.

    During the next three weeks, Mrs. Showalter spends much of her time making telephone calls and knocking on doors. She and her youngest son Craig, then 14, visited a number of local auto dealers and garages. She said in most cases they were told police had not made any inquiries of them.

    February 28

    New London police conduct first interview with Harvey N. Mallove, the downtown merchant and former mayor and city councilor. Mallove stated he drove by Pequot Avenue near Plant Street shortly before 11:15 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. Seven people near the accident scene contradict what he said he saw.

    April 20

    Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. Edmund J. O’Brien, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation into her son’s death. O’Brien never responds.

    On the same day, Atty. Thomas Bishop, representing Mrs. Showalter as the administratix of Mr. Showalter’s estate, asks Atty. Joseph Moukawsher to conduct a coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death.

    April 23

    Moukawsher agrees to conduct inquest but must confer with New London police before setting date.

    June 4

    Mrs. Showalter writes to New London Police Chief John J. Crowley, asking for a progress report on the investigation by his force. Crowley neither acknowledges receipt of letter nor responds. Copies of letter were sent to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, and Abraham Kirshenbaum, then chairman of the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

    June 10

    Mrs. Showalter asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a grand jury investigation.

    June 24

    Santaniello notes Moukawsher has agreed to conduct coroner’s inquest. He tells Mrs. Showalter, “If it appears that during any stage of this proceeding that any further intercession is necessary, appropriate action will be taken at that time.”

    July 2

    Mrs. Showalter writes to City Manager C. Francis Driscoll, asking for a report from his office assessing the police department’s handling of the case. She also asks for a reply to her June 4 letter to Police Chief Crowley.

    July 9

    Driscoll tells Crowley to prepare a complete report for Mrs. Showalter.

    July 10

    Bucko completes report on fatal accident.

    July 25

    Driscoll sends Mrs. Showalter Bucko’s report. The report said Mr. Showalter’s body was in the road, but the ambulance crew which took Mr. Showalter to Lawrence Memorial Hospital said they found him on the sidewalk several feet away. No police officer ever saw the body at the scene since the first officer arrived as the body was being placed in the ambulance.

    Bucko says paint particles from a 1968 Plymouth at the U.S. Naval Submarine Base in Groton are similar to those found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing, but the same paint is used on any 1968 Chrysler product.

    Bucko also says a piece of metal Mrs. Showalter found near the accident scene is in the detective bureau. When Mrs. Showalter first offered the metal to police, they refused to sign a receipt for it.

    August 6

    Mrs. Showalter writes to Driscoll regarding Bucko’s report. She lists six pages of comments on allegedly “serious omissions” and “strictly opinion judgments” by Bucko.

    Mrs. Showalter also writes to Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley, asking him to send a representative to the coroner’s inquest. She includes copies of correspondence with local officials and Bucko’s report.

    August 9

    Mrs. Showalter requests a meeting with the City Council’s Public Safety Committee.

    August 15

    Bucko updates report, at request of city manager Driscoll.

    Bucko said of the body location, “the position he (Mr. Showalter) was found in at the scene of the accident, in my opinion, would not help in solving this matter.” Erroneous on the report is the position of the car jack which is shown on the front bumper. The car Mr. Showalter was working on, a Ford Pinto, had to be jacked from the side of the vehicle.

    Omitted from the report is the location of a car mat seen to the rear of the car and the spare tire Mr. Showalter never got to put on the car.

    August 20

    Gormley writes to Mrs. Showalter, telling her the local police investigation “has proceeded smoothly,” and there is “no reason for this office to initiate its own investigation.”

    August 28

    The Public Safety Committee of the New London City Council meets in closed session for one hour to discuss the hit-run death. Chief Crowley requested the closed session. He said there is evidence that could jeopardize future action.

    Mrs. Showalter submitted a 12-page statement for the meeting, but did not attend.

    Crowley said the case is not closed and it appears an arrest may be made.

    August 31

    Mallove submits official statement to New London police.

    November, 1974

    After being postponed several times, the coroner’s inquest hears testimony from 50 persons. No findings issued.

    1975

    January 24

    A state police detective participating in the federal grand jury probe of the city police department has told one of its patrolmen they identified the driver of the car which struck and killed Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve, 1973.

    “We know who killed the Showalter kid, how come you don’t?” the detective was quoted in The Norwich Bulletin as saying.

    March 19-22

    The Bulletin, in a four-part series, shows:

    - Eyewitnesses and what New London police called “near witnesses” drastically differed in their accounts of the accident.

    - Microscopic paint particles found on Mr. Showalter’s clothing on which police based their search may not have been left by the vehicle which struck him.

    - Evidence entrusted to police officers at the scene has never been seen since.

    - A claim by police that it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles possible involved in the mishap was declared false by the state Motor Vehicle Department.

    The Bulletin, when preparing the series of articles, made repeated efforts to discuss the case with police officials but Lt. K.T. Bucko, who headed the case, on the advice of then Police Chief John Crowley, would not.

    April 3 State police conduct an extensive door-to-door inquiry in the Pequot Avenue region. State police have been looking into the case as part of a federal grand jury investigation into alleged corruption within the city force.

    July 12

    The state of Connecticut offers a $2,000 reward for information leading to the arrest and conviction of the person responsible for the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter. A total of $3,000 is now being offered. Classmates and friends of Mr. Showalter’s have already collected $1,000.

    July 21

    A community effort by friends and classmates raises the reward to $5,000.

    November 8

    The transcript of the coroner’s inquest of the hit-run death conducted nearly a year ago has yet to be typed, Coroner Joseph Moukawsher confirms. He said he wants to review the transcript even though he believes his six-day long inquest did not establish any guilt in the case. He said he has not spoken with the court reporter assigned to the case since the early summer.

    December 10

    Mrs. Showalter writes to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti, requesting a one-man grand jury investigation. No response.

    1976

    January 6

    Satti refuses to confirm or deny the existence of Mrs. Showalter’s request. Mrs. Showalter has also asked Satti’s office to ascertain the location of recorded tapes made during the coroner’s inquest.

    January 9

    Mrs. Showalter sends a special delivery letter to Satti asking for a response to the December 10 request. No response.

    February 19

    In a feature article, also carried statewide by the Associated Press, The Bulletin profiles Mrs. Showalter on page one.

    Some public officials regard her as a persistent nuisance, someone to be ignored and sidestepped, but Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter will not breathe easily until they tell her who killed her son, Bulletin reporter Fred Vollono wrote.

    “The official comment seems to be there is nothing to it,” Mrs. Showalter said. “It is just the ramblings of a grief-stricken mother. But there are many people who urge me to go on. They say, ‘Lucille, if you stop, then nothing will ever be done.’”

    February 23

    Mrs. Showalter receives a letter of confession from an inmate at Somers state prison. The inmate said he was plagued by news accounts of the death. Every time he seems to forget the accident, the inmate said, he reads another news story.

    April 2

    Mrs. Showalter submits a third written request to Satti for a grand-jury probe. No response.

    May 6

    Common Pleas court Prosecutor Harold Dean quashes the only lead in the two and a half year old investigation, The Norwich Bulletin reports. The lead was the letter of confession written by the inmate at Somers Prison. State police arrested the inmate for harassment of the victim’s mother, Mrs. Showalter, to whom the letter was sent. Dean nolled the case and allowed it to be dismissed despite a prior meeting with state police when the significance of the arrest was discussed.

    State police did not believe the letter writer was responsible for the hit-run death, but they thought the letter contained possibly significant information. Dean said he was certain the accused had no knowledge of the case, because he was incarcerated when Mr. Showalter was killed.

    August 7 The day following the Bulletin’s report of Dean quashing the lead, Chief State’s Atty. Joseph Gormley says he had “no idea” why the lead “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. Two state police officers had met with Gormley to discuss the letter of confession.

    August 6

    State police list the investigation into the killing of Mr. Showalter as “closed pending further development.” That classification came 31 days after Dean threw the harassment case out of court.

    August 30

    Mrs. Showalter again asks Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello to call for a one-man grand jury probe.

    September 1

    Mrs. Showalter publicly renews her efforts to have a one-man grand jury reopen the investigation into the hit-run killing of her son. In a statement sent to 22 media outlets, Mrs. Showalter says she made the appeal in an August 30 letter to Superior Court Judge Angelo Santaniello. She says she was asking the judge to “make good on a promise” he made to her in June 1974. Santaniello wrote in a June 24, 1974 letter, Superior Court intercession would be possible if the investigation required it.

    Santaniello said, “probably the proper person” to approach would be State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti. But Mrs. Showalter said she is ignoring Satti because he failed to respond to her December 1975 letter asking for the grand jury.

    September 23

    State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti says he needs another three weeks to review information on the killing of Mr. Showalter before deciding whether the investigation should be reopened or shelved.

    Satti says he had hoped to have the matter resolved by today, but the sinking of his 35-foot cabin cruiser two weeks ago, an unexpected report of crimes by New London police, and a new trial forced him behind schedule.

    November 23

    Mrs. Showalter turns to Governor Ella T. Grasso for help.

    “I cannot endure this loss of a beloved son in the midst of a governmental system that appears to neither act nor care,” Mrs. Showalter says in a letter to the governor.

    Mrs. Showalter says she is skeptical the New London County State’s Attorney’s review of the case will result in the one-man grand jury she has requested. Satti today said he is still reviewing transcripts of the Coroner’s Inquest and refused further comment.

    December 21

    Just three days before the third anniversary of the killing of Kevin B. Showalter, the state’s chief court administrator orders the city’s only unsolved hit-and-run case reopened.

    John P. Cotter signs an order creating a one-man jury to probe the death, renewing hopes that allegations of police bungling and mishandling of the case will be settled.

    “I can’t yet believe it,” says Mrs. Showalter, calling the action a “literal miracle.”

    Cotter, a justice on the state Supreme Court, selects retired Superior Court Judge Raymond J. Devlin to head the one-man grand jury.

    An attorney representing Mrs. Lucille M. Showalter also files a $600,000 lawsuit against the unnamed person(s) responsible for the killing of her son. Atty. Averum J. Sprecher of East Haddam says the suit is aimed at protecting Mrs. Showalter’s rights.

    “The action as I have filed it will definitively preserve her rights when the investigative bodies finally determine who killed the boy,” he said. The suit is aimed at heading off fears the state’s statute of limitations might preclude Mrs. Showalter from pursuing civil action if the killer is found.

    December 24

    Superior Court Judge Joseph F. Dannehy is ordered to replace State Referee Raymond J. Devlin as the one-man grand juror investigating Mr. Showalter’s death. Chief Court Administrator John P. Cotter says Judge Devlin had asked to be taken off the case because he was too busy with other duties, and would be unable to commute from his New Haven office.

    1977

    January 4

    Austin J. McGuigan, the special prosecutor assigned to the one-man grand jury probing the hit-run death of Mr. Showalter promises to pull “all the stops” in his investigation but says he needs help from the public to succeed.

    McGuigan has worked for the state for two years as the top investigator of organized crime. He appeals to anyone with information to call him confidentially.

    February 8

    State Police Commissioner Edward P. Leonard, as part of a last-resort effort, makes a personal appeal to area residents for information about the killing of Mr. Showalter. In a letter to the people who live near the Pequot Avenue site where Mr. Showalter died, Leonard asks for facts – “No matter how insignificant they may appear” – which might shed light on the car, the driver or the accident scene.

    Special Prosecutor McGuigan says police “had no suspects.” However, he says if a suspect is found police believe there is sufficient evidence to tie the person to the case.

    April 18

    Investigators say they feel confident the Showalter case will be solved.

    The new optimism comes after a public appeal netted more than 300 leads, new laboratory analysis of existing evidence, and an accounting of each of the more than 10,000 green Chrysler products registered in Eastern Connecticut when Mr. Showalter was killed.

    The new evidence means “there is a significant possibility the vehicle in question was not a green Chrysler,” Special Prosecutor Austin McGuigan says. While the investigators will not say what other color the car might have been, the evidence apparently opens new avenues for the investigation. Previously, other theories on who drove the death car, theories which have had some substantiation, were locked into the green Chrysler theory, police acknowledge.

    May 10

    State police investigators spend two and a half hours recreating and filming the Pequot Avenue death scene where Mr. Showalter was the victim of the hit and run.

    May 18

    State police again film and re-create death scene.

    June 22

    The Bulletin reports that one of the most intensive investigations in state police history, the probe into Mr. Showalter’s hit-run death, will be given to a one-man grand jury July 5 in Windham county Superior Court.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror, imposes a gag order on all investigators assigned to the case. Special Prosecutor McGuigan and 17 state police detectives had gathered evidence for the grand jury.

    June 23

    More than 50 persons will be subpoenaed and the scope of the probe will be expanded to include subsequent actions connected with the accident, The Bulletin reports.

    June 24

    Eleven New London police officers, including the top detective involved in the first of three investigations of the hit-run death, have been subpoenaed, The Bulletin reports.

    July 5

    The grand jury begins behind closed doors with testimony by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

    Outside, a television camera crew drips with sweat under the glare of a hot summer sun.

    Inside it is quiet and cool – almost like any other day. The state police detectives and reporters talk about golf, baseball and other summertime activities. Because of the gag order imposed by Judge Dannehy, they can’t talk about what is most on their minds, what has brought them all together – the unsolved hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.

    The session lasts about five hours and also includes testimony by Mrs. Showalter and Debra Emilyta, Mr. Showalter’s companion the night he died.

    Ms. Emilyta has been sitting on a wall about 6 feet from Mr. Showalter when he was killed. She told police she only heard the 20-year-old Mitchell College student struck, and did not see the car which struck him.

    July 6

    Witnesses include Michael Buscetto of Mike’s Arco in New London. What he identified as body putty, apparently from the car that struck and killed Mr. Showalter, has never been seen since police officers placed it in an envelope that night, according to sources.

    Ms. Emilyta concludes testimony.

    Also testifying are Dr. Robert Weller, members of his family, and a friend, who while returning home from church drove past Mr. Showalter as he was changing the tire. They were among the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

    Other witnesses include Mrs. Ruth P. Hendel and Mrs. Charles (Shirley Pope) Alloway, her daughter.

    On Christmas Eve, 1973, Mrs. Hendel had just turned away from the window of her home on Pequot Avenue where she had been watching Mr. Showalter work on the Emilyta car. She heard the noise of the car striking Mr. Showalter and turning back quickly she caught a glimpse of the taillights. Her first impression of the fleeing southbound car was that it was bright-colored, possibly red.

    Mrs. Hendel continued to watch the accident scene as she telephoned Mrs. Alloway, the wife of a New London police officer.

    Arthur Adams of New London, a Mitchell College security guard and former state policeman, also testifies. Aside from Ms. Emilyta and the hit-run driver, Adams may have been one of the last persons to see Mr. Showalter alive.

    Adams saw Mr. Showalter working on the car and Ms. Emilyta sitting on the stone wall, swinging her legs. He observed the girl with a coat collar wrapped around her head, in conversation with Mr. Showalter, after the Weller party had driven by.

    Adams continued on his rounds towards the Montauk Avenue side of the campus. Sometime after 11 p.m., he saw an ambulance heading for the hospital and two police cars heading down Plant Street.

    July 7

    Some of the last persons who saw Mr. Showalter alive and one of the first who saw him dead testify.

    Six members of the Sitty family, who were celebrating Christmas Eve and occasionally watching Mr. Showalter change a tire from inside a house on Pequot Avenue, tell the grand jury what they knew about the case, Edmond Sitty had brought out a blanket and a corduroy coat to put over Mr. Showalter’s body after he had been struck and killed.

    A New London High School classmate of Mr. Showalter, Arthur Petrini, was a passenger in a car that passed the accident scene sometime after Mr. Showalter was killed and before the ambulance and police arrived. He also testified.

    July 12

    Witnesses included two firemen and a dispatcher, two nurses and an orderly, the New London County Medical Examiner, the first man to officially identify Mr. Showalter, and a woman who lives near the accident scene.

    Larry Grimes, a security guard who knew Mr. Showalter from Mitchell College, had made the preliminary identification at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, where he also worked. Mrs. Dorothy Bryson of Pequot Avenue, who came upon the accident scene, also testifies.

    July 13

    New London police officers pack the waiting room of the Windham County Courthouse. Of the 11 who were subpoenaed last month, at least seven are present.

    The 11 include Patrolmen Vincent McGrath, Steven Colonis, Thomas P. Bowes Jr., and Cpl. Joseph Chiapponne, all of whom were involved in the initial investigation. With the change of shift, Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, Patrolmen Richard West and Glenn Davis and Det. Sgt. Konstanty T. Bucko joined the probe. Bucko was off duty at the time.

    McGrath filed the motor vehicle report of the accident and the sketch on the report was by Bowes. Bucko took photographs of the scene and gathered evidence. His photographs may be the only ones taken. Bucko also went to the hospital and got the victim’s clothing, according to sources.

    Colonis, the first officer on the scene, apparently arrived as Mr. Showalter was being placed in the ambulance. He interviewed Ms. Emilyta and took her to the station to file a 13-sentence statement.

    There is some confusion of whether Colonis drove an unmarked police car that night. Sources say police made conflicting statements on that question.

    July 14

    Thomas Wainwright, who played tennis with Kevin Showalter at New London High, saw his lifeless body on a sidewalk on Pequot Avenue before an ambulance or police arrived, and is among those testifying today. Arthur Petrini, who testified last week, was a passenger in Wainwright’s car.

    Mr. and Mrs. Donald Wainwright, who were stopped by police after circling the scene in another auto, also testify.

    At least seven New London police officers are at the courthouse, but it is not known how many are testifying.

    July 19

    The grand jury shifts beyond reconstructions by “near witnesses,” as Sgt. Joseph Jullarine, now retired, testifies. He was the squad leader who reportedly conducted “an intensive investigation” for a red car during the 11:30 p.m. to 7:30 a.m. shift on Christmas Day 1973.

    July 20

    The grand jury investigators spend much of the day alone reviewing physical evidence and testimony. Only three witnesses – New London police who have already appeared during the proceedings – are present.

    July 21

    Det. Bucko appears for at least the fourth time in the nine days the grand jury has convened. The session begins at 10 a.m. and ends about 5:45 p.m., with his departure.

    A nurse’s aide who knelt by Mr. Showalter’s body, feeling for a pulse, also testifies, Sue Costello, who heard the report of an accident as she was leaving Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals in New London from her shift, had arrived on the scene before ambulance personnel and police.

    July 26

    The scope of the grand jury probe goes beyond Mr. Showlater’s death and runs smack into a crucial area of dispute with the appearance of New London police detective Walter Petchark.

    On Christmas Day 1973, with evidence already missing and news of Mr. Showalter’s death on the radio, Petchark reportedly received a call from former mayor Harvey N. Mallove. Mallove later told The Bulletin there was no truth to the report. But he allegedly told Petchark he thought he saw the accident the night before.

    Three city police detectives – Bucko, Petchark, and Carmello Fazzina – were present at the inquiry. They were followed by laboratory technicians from the FBI, who lent their expertise in the analysis of headlight glass possibly belonging to the death vehicle.

    July 27

    The former counsel for the estate of Mr. Showalter testifies. Atty. Thomas Bishop confirms his representation of the estate was severed in June 1974.

    Thomas and Donald Wainwright return for further testimony.

    July 28

    Witnesses include Mrs. S.F. Zimet of Ledyard. Mallove said he was visiting at her home on Christmas Eve 1973, left about 10:45 p.m., and was home in New London about half an hour later.

    Mrs. Zimet is accompanied by her attorney, L. Patrick Gray. Gray, like Bishop, is a member of the New London law firm Suissman, Shapiro, Wool, and Brennan.

    Other witnesses include New London city Manager C. Francis Driscoll and Elise Mallove, Mallove’s daughter. Miss Mallove was home for her Christmas vacation in 1973.

    The grand jury begins a four-week recess. More than 50 persons were called during the first 12 days of the inquiry.

    August 30

    New London police investigators and a newspaper editor who has followed their unsolved hit-run death case for three years are among the witnesses.

    Retired Police Chief John Crowley and Det. Lt. K.T. Bucko, who refused repeated pleas by The Bulletin in March of 1975 to discuss the death of Kevin B. Showalter, gives testimony – as did the paper’s managing editor, John C. Peterson.

    Peterson testifies for three hours.

    August 31

    The attorney who conducted a coroner’s inquest into Mr. Showalter’s death, the results of which have never met public scrutiny, is the first witness today. Atty. Joseph Moukwasher, who heard testimony from 50 witnesses during six days in September and November of 1974, is one of the few persons familiar with the substance of that investigation.

    It took more than two years for the transcripts of the hearings to be typed and submitted to State’s Atty. C. Robert Satti.

    State Police Sgt. Donald Crouch, who in 1974 and 1975 worked for the federal grand jury investigating alleged corruption in the New London force, also testifies. Other witnesses included Rosemary Benson and Carol James.

    September 1

    Physical exhibits appear to outnumber witnesses in the 15th day of proceedings. Two state police technicians from the crime lab in Bethany carry satchels concealing evidence into the closed courtroom. One exhibit is a light colored automobile fender, which was dented and streaked.

    September 2

    Det. Edward Pickett of the New London County State’s Attorney’s office, who helped administer a lie detector test to Ms. Emilyta, testifies. Ms. Emilyta passed the test.

    Another detective, private investigator Joe Harris, is also called. A former Waterford police sergeant, he worked on the case for a brief time, on his own.

    Other witnesses in a short session include State Police Sgt. Charles Trotter, a principal investigator in the federal grand jury probe of the New London city police.

    September 12

    Two persons who saw Mr. Showalter on Christmas Eve 1973, hours before he was killed testify.

    Ramona Ricci, a coworker of Mr. Showalter’s at a Waterford discotheque, attended one of two parties Mr. Showalter had planned to go to after work that night. Nancy Wicksham, who also testified, had joined friends that holiday evening at the club.

    September 18

    Mallove says his status as a suspect in the case is “nothing new.” During testimony in a New Jersey courtroom, Connecticut State Police revealed Mallove is a prime suspect in the hit-run case. The testimony concerned refusal by two New Jersey men to comply with a subpoena issued by the one-man grand jury. Trooper Charles Wargat also testified he was told the two men repaired Mallove’s car on Christmas Eve or Christmas Day 1973.

    Mallove tells The Bulletin he did not know the men and never had a car repaired at their shop on Reed Street in New London. He says he didn’t kill Mr. Showalter and doesn’t know anything about anybody who did.

    September 19

    One of the two men who testified with immunity today has said in a published account he has no knowledge of the case and denied any car was repaired in his New London shop on Christmas Eve 1973.

    Walter String Jr. made those comments in the New Jersey Courier Post. He and his son, Walter String III, had been ordered to appear today by a New Jersey judge, after refusing to comply with a subpoena.

    Among the dozen or so witnesses are New London city police Sgt. Donald Sloan and Cpl. Charles Alloway. They took the first full statement from Ms. Emilyta, five days after the accident.

    September 26

    Darlene Barnes, a friend of Mr. Showalter who patronized the Waterford discotheque where he worked, is among the witnesses today. Ms. Barnes was also one of the 50 witnesses during the coroner’s inquest of 1974.

    October 3

    Larry Grimes testifies again. The Mitchell College security guard who made the first identification of Mr. Showalter at Lawrence and Memorial Hospitals, was also at the courthouse on July 12, and Sept. 26.

    The grand jury will be in recess until October 17. It has convened 20 times since July 5 and heard about 90 witnesses.

    October 11

    Judge Dannehy says published reports that Mallove is a prime suspect in the case “couldn’t bother me in the least.”

    “They (the newspapers) are free to speculate if they wish,” Dannehy says. “I am not concerned with their claimed right to freedom of expression.

    I think that sometimes their attitude is to publish and be damned, but they don’t bother me.”

    “Why don’t you wait” for the grand jury report? Dannehy asked.

    October 17

    The sales manager of a New London auto firm who said he has sold a number of cars to the family of a suspect in the hit-run case testifies.

    In 1970, Peter Emmanuel Sr. of New London Motors sold a Lincoln Continental to Harvey N. Mallove, whom state police have identified as a suspect in the Christmas Eve, 1973 death. A compact car was among the other autos the New London firm sold to Mallove.

    State police were looking for a green Chrysler product when they first questioned New London motors personnel, Emmanuel said before he testified. But the firm didn’t sell Mallove such a vehicle, which police had believed was the death car, he added.

    October 24

    The grand jury does not convene today because the investigators were not ready to proceed, Judge Dannehy said. He said he plans to conduct several more sessions before adjourning to write the final report, but did not specify.

    November 14

    The grand jury meets for its first regular session since October 17 and hears one witness. The witness, Gary Jordan of New London, said he was dating Elise Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973.

    Sources say the grand jury conducted at least one special session since October 17, but it was not known who testified.

    November 21

    State police continue working long and irregular hours probing Mr. Showalter’s death as they re-create the hit-run scene on Pequot Avenue near Plant Street for at least the third time.

    November 29

    The man whom state police have said they consider a prime suspect in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death has his day in court.

    Harvey N. Mallove testifies for about four hours before the secret grand jury probing Mr. Showalter’s death. Atty. Leo J. McNamara accompanies Mallove to the Windham County Courthouse.

    Mallove says he was one of a number of persons who drove by the accident scene shortly before or after Mr. Showalter was killed. But a four-part series by The Bulletin in March of 1975 showed Mallove saw a scene that seven other persons said could not have taken place.

    Mallove passed the accident scene within a minute or two after an ambulance call was logged. His statement to New London police – dated eight months later – conflicts with accounts of seven persons at the scene or looking out their windows seconds after Mr. Showalter was struck.

    Mr. Showalter was struck by a car as he changed a tire on a friend’s parked Ford Pinto, on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue near Plant Street.

    In his statement, Mallove said he saw an automobile parked at an angle in front of the Pinto. None of the seven persons saw any car stopped at the scene immediately after the victim was hit according to the July 10, 1974 report by New London Det. Lt. Konstanty T. Bucko.

    Mallove’s vivid description of a middle-aged man talking with a girl near the car also conflicts with statements by the seven persons.

    In his statement, Mallove said he assumed the man was a member of the police department. But Bucko claims in the July 10 report that Mallove told him the talking to the girl was “NOT” a policeman.

    Bucko’s report also claims Mallove learned on Christmas Day 1974 that “a man had been killed and he remarked to some people that he saw the body.” But Bucko continued to report that after Mallove viewed photographs of the scene he realized what he mistook for a body was a floor mat. In his statement, Mallove said he saw a “flat object which I assumed was a blanket or a mat.”

    In his August 31, 1974 statement, Mallove said, “Seeing no trouble, accident, or any evidence of anything out of place…I continued on my way home.”

    In the July 10, 1974 report, Bucko claims; “Mr. Mallove stated he was going to stop because he realized there had been an accident.”

    Mallove has told The Bulletin that Bucko misquoted him.

    December 7

    The calling of witnesses ends with Mallove’s second appearance.

    The proceedings included a film screening, apparently of the death scene as re-created by state police.

    After the 35 minute screening, Special Prosecutor McGuigan and Judge Dannehy questioned Mallove for about 40 minutes. That was the bulk of the afternoon session.

    The question of whether indictments should be handed down in New London’s only unsolved hit-run death now rests with Judge Dannehy.

    After 24 sessions and more than 100 witnesses, Dannehy said the next step for the grand jury is the final report on who killed Kevin B. Saltwater.

    1978

    Feb. 17 Report filed.

    Feb. 22

    Report made public.

  • THE DANNEHY REPORT


  • SHOWALTER COVERUP COLUMNS

    Chapter 1

    Law and Justice in Everyday Life

    Cover-Up In New London

    Hit-And-Run Continues To Mock Justice


    Sept. 4, 2000

    If Connecticut Chief State’s Attorney John Bailey wants to bring closure to cold cases, here’s one from New London that should top the list: The Showalter hit-and-run cover-up is a dark chapter in Connecticut history, a tale more appropriate for a Third World country.

    And yet, only one thing bothers former New London County State’s Attorney C. Robert Satti about the Showalter case: that it was investigated at all.

    Satti, now retired, made the point again and again, most recently this year. Satti’s complaint, made during the wake of the late state police Detective George Ryalls, was that Ryalls’ obituary mentioned the suspect the prosecutor refused to pursue in the Showalter probe.

    Kevin B. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, was killed at 11:12 p.m. on Christmas Eve 1973. He was changing a tire on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue on the New London shoreline when he was struck and killed. His girlfriend, sitting only 6 feet away on a stone wall, claims she saw nothing.

    Auto body putty from the death car disappeared after a tow truck driver gave it to New London police. The evidence file that was supposed to contain the putty was stuffed with bathroom tiles. The file that was supposed to contain headlight glass from the death car instead contained glass from three different headlights. State police and others suspected that, in order to throw legitimate investigators off the trail, the late young man's clothing was pounded on a different-colored car than the one that killed him.

    The victim's mother, Lucille M. Showalter, tried to get a grand jury investigation of the cover-up. She was rebuffed repeatedly by the presiding judge, Angelo Santaniello who, it later became clear, was best friends with the leading suspect. Santaniello then referred Showalter to prosecutor Satti, who happened to be his former law partner. Satti refused to acknowledge registered letters from Mrs. Showalter pleading for a grand jury probe.

    Satti did finally meet with Mrs. Showalter in 1978, after Judge Joseph Dannehy of Willimantic, acting as a one-man grand jury, named former New London Mayor Harvey N. Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle. Satti called the three-hour meeting, in which he repeatedly told Mrs. Showalter that there never should have been a grand jury investigation under Dannehy.

    Mallove held a good hand; he had the best legal muscle in New London County on his side. New London police would not question him for more than seven months, and then only in a perfunctory manner. They would say they inspected his cars, but they did not. Significantly, Mallove’s Lincoln had been repaired, but it wasn’t until state police took over the case four years after the accident that the fender was finally seized.

    Santaniello would arrange for a coroner’s inquest and put his niece in charge of typing the transcript. Only after two years of intense public pressure would the transcript be typed. But the inquest never issued a finding.

    Santaniello tipped off Mallove that he was a suspect. The judge was also aware of what local police knew about the case. Mrs. Showalter memorialized the admissions in tape-recorded telephone conversations.

    “I did talk to Harvey,” Santaniello told Mrs. Showalter on Oct. 17, 1975, “and I said, `You’re suspected.’ As a matter of fact, at that time a police officer came to him on the same day or the next day, and told him you were making accusations about him and that he was a prime suspect.” The day before, Mallove told Mrs. Showalter, “Judge Santaniello is of the opinion that you fingered me.”

    It was not until 1977 that state police, who took over the case at the behest of former Gov. Ella Grasso, formally named Mallove a suspect. Next week, I'll propose a means to solve the Showalter cover-up.

    Showalter Cover-Up Is New London's Shame

    Sept. 11, 2000

    New London, where I grew up and began working in the 1960s and ‘70s, was a dirty little city with character.

    It had a restaurant called the Hygienic that was everything but. There were at least a couple bars where the cops couldn't do anything, except maybe a little business.

    The top pimp in town never went to jail until he was about 60 and a certain court official retired.

    New London will always be the city that tried to cover up the Christmas Eve 1973 hit-and-run death of Kevin B. Showalter. It's been doing a pretty good job for nearly 27 years, but the onion is beginning to peel.

    The local daily newspaper admitted -- in its official history published this year -- that it did a shoddy job on the Showalter case. Specifically, The Day admitted its failure to explore the relationship between a former mayor and a top judge, and their influence on the course of the criminal investigation. That’s a beginning.

    Political and police corruption goes back a couple generations in New London. By the 1970s, New London police were widely known to be involved in the selling of women, dope and refrigerators, among other things. A federal grand jury took note. But as with the Showalter case, there were these little problems with the evidence.

    A jewelry store owner and former city mayor multi-millionaire Harvey Mallove was the prime suspect in the hit-and-run death of Showalter, a student at Mitchell College. Showalter’s date that night, Christmas Eve 1973, said she saw nothing from her vantage point six feet away, sitting on a stone wall under a streetlight on a residential street as a young man changed the tire of her car.

    Harvey was everybody’s pal. He would take kids to the Super Bowl, then, down the road, get them jobs as cops. He was friends with bums in the street and bums in high political office. He was wired. The standing joke among reporters became: Harvey's a great guy to have a beer with, just don't change your tire if he's driving by.

    “I didn't kill the kid in any way, shape or form,” Harvey told me many times. As mayor, Harvey helped hire a few police chiefs. His best friend was the administrative judge for the county; that was the judge who controlled the early stages of the investigation, specifically a coroner’s inquest that never issued a finding.

    State police followed up a report that Mallove’s best friend, County Administrative Judge Angelo G. Santaniello, was with Mallove on Christmas Eve 1973. Santaniello reportedly was No. 11 on a guest list for a party at the home of his political mentor, the late state Sen. Peter Mariani. The Mariani party was one of two Mallove attended that night.

    Santaniello told reporters he never went out on Christmas Eve.

    Another state judge, Joseph F. Dannehy, conducted two grand jury investigations. In 1978, Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver of the hit-run vehicle, but said evidence that might have ensured conviction was either mishandled or destroyed.

    Mallove died a few years ago with this legacy. Others still have time to come clean and tell the truth about the cover-up. Mrs. Showalter tried unsuccessfully to have Satti, Santaniello and others prosecuted for hindrance of prosecution (CGS Section 53a-166) warning of impending discovery, providing means of avoiding discovery, preventing discovery by deception. Because a conspiracy to hinder prosecution is an ongoing crime, those with information could tell Chief State's Attorney John Bailey, who has begun an initiative to solve some of the state's cold homicide cases.

    Isn’t it time? No one kept the system honest when it counted, though some tried. Most stood by as the system that was supposed to protect the victim and his family betrayed them all.

    Where is the conscience of the community?

    Cold Case On Ice Forever

    Nov. 6, 2000

    One way to deflect attention from a suspect is to get investigators involved in meaningless, time-consuming tasks. Another way is to create a bogus suspect who is then exposed as such, causing a belief that the case is just too hazy to pursue.

    Both of these devices were used repeatedly in the cover-up of the Showalter hit-run case in New London. Whether this was happenstance, indifference, incompetence or malfeasance, the result was the same. The system failed.

    And now, it seems, the truth will remain buried forever.

    Judge Joseph F. Dannehy, the grand juror who investigated the case, wrote in his finding of fact: “After December 25, 1973, the New London Police Department did virtually nothing to solve the hit-run death of Kevin B. Showalter.” The accident occurred the night before.

    Local police and court officials, however, were pro-active in another sense. Their actions served to protect the assailant.

    For example, New London police claimed it would cost as much as $1,200 to trace vehicles using data from the state Motor Vehicle Department. The motor vehicle department declared there was no such charge.

    Nevertheless, New London police spent their time hand-sorting local motor vehicle cards. They looked for a green Chrysler. That was likely a false lead; state police said paint particles found on the victim's clothing did not come from the car that killed him.

    Former Mayor Harvey Mallove began meeting informally with police and court officials as early as Dec. 25, 1973. Mallove wanted to know what the police knew.

    The only lead after two and a half years was quashed by then New London Common Pleas Court Prosecutor Harold Dean in May 1976. The lead was a letter of confession written by a Somers prison inmate to the victim’s mother, Lucille Showalter.

    “I told Harold how important that was to me,” Mallove, the prime suspect, confided to an associate. He also acknowledged discussing the purported confession with his best friend, the presiding judge for the county, Angelo Santaniello.

    The author of the letter was known to be connected with “fences,” or purveyors of stolen goods in the New London area. State police arrested him for harassment of Mrs. Showalter. Two state troopers met with Dean for an hour. They told him the letter contained possibly significant information. State police also believed they could connect the dots in New London between the letter writer and the powers-that-be. Did he owe some favors? Was he paid? Police knew the author had no liability for the accident; he was actually in Florida at the time of the hit-run.

    Dean nolled and dismissed the case without telling the troopers or Mallove. Soon thereafter, state police listed the killing of Showalter as “closed pending further development.” Upon learning of Dean's action, Chief State's Attorney Joseph Gormley remarked he had “no idea” why the lead, “which very well could have led to something,” resulted in a dead end. The case would remain closed for six months, until Gov. Ella Grasso brought the matter to Justice John Cotter.

    Was there criminal activity connected with the Showalter cover-up? It appears we will never know for certain. Dannehy named Mallove as the probable driver, noting that evidence which might have ensured conviction was destroyed. The Chief State’s Attorney’s Office reviewed aspects of the case this fall after a series of columns appeared in The Law Tribune. However, the statute of limitations for the most likely potential charge, conspiracy to hinder prosecution of motor vehicle misconduct, has expired. This shameful case, it appears, is destined to stay on ice forever.

    - AND:

    Olympic Gold for Missing Evidence


    November 28, 2005

    Judge Ellen Gordon was in way over her head with what she tried pass off as a ruling in Day Publishing v. State's Attorney.

    Clueless Gordon was handed a hot one, a case no one has ever wanted in the so-called New London Judicial District. Every single time this case has come to court, begging for justice, The Robes, the prosecutors and their minions have either desecrated their oaths or looked the other way. Clueless Gordon, fairly new to the scene, has managed to join the list of those who are both ostriches and failures.

    The Day newspaper asked Gordon this year to release the grand jury testimony regarding the cover-up of the 1973 hit-run death of Kevin Showalter. Before Gordon probably ever heard of Showalter, five New London County judges recused themselves from a John Doe civil suit against the driver because they were friends with the prime suspect, Harvey Mallove. Mallove -- the late mayor of New London and multimillionaire jeweler who picked police chiefs, planned to run for Congress and starred in the social scene -- was prone to say, "I never killed the kid -- in any way, shape or form."

    It's not like we could expect a New London judge to show guts or brains in this case. Compelling testimony from the first of two grand juries implicated local law enforcement and court officials in a widespread cover-up.

    On Christmas Eve 1973 at 11:12 p.m., as the call came in, a high-ranking New London officer, said, "F--k him, he's dead," and then left to go home. Showalter, a 20-year-old Mitchell College student, lay dead on a well-lit section of Pequot Avenue by the shoreline. His body was thrown 22 feet from the point of impact. His shoes were found 110 feet apart. A leg bone was 75 feet away.

    A tow truck driver gave police auto body putty from the death car. The putty was never seen again. New London police mixed headlight glass from at least three different cars in what they called the evidence file. Replacing the auto body putty was bathroom tile. A local coroner's inquest never issued a finding. State police, who took over the case at the behest of Gov. Ella Grasso, were bewildered and angry when they could not find the transcript of the coroner's inquest. Mallove's best friend -- the presiding judge for the county, Angelo G. Santaniello -- had put his niece in charge of typing that transcript. Santaniello also tipped off Mallove to his status as a suspect.

    Now, Clueless Gordon can't find the 3,000-page transcript of the first grand jury. Does she care? Court clerks allegedly performed a diligent search. Would any reasonable person believe or accept any of this?

    Among the last persons known to possess the grand jury report was the late State's Attorney, C. Robert Satti. Satti, who refused to investigate the case before a special prosecutor was appointed, claimed he returned a copy to the grand juror, then Willimantic Superior Court Judge (later Supreme Court Justice) Joseph Dannehy. Both Dannehy and Satti are dead. Did "Do Nothing Bob" -- Mallove's moniker for Satti -- take it with him? We might as well ask Harvey, also dead, or Kevin.

    Gordon's pathetic decision, dated Nov. 7, went on for about a sentence before its first fatal error. It might sound like a technical error, but it's much, much more than that. She actually said New London police investigated the case.

    Before this, I thought it might take generations to remove the stench from the New London courthouse. Alas, for New London, the stench of this cover-up is forever.







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              GameStop Mobile launches as AT&T virtual carrier, gives us rare bring-your-own GSM in US (update)        

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    Here's an expansion of mobile competition in the US that comes out of left field, even for us: GameStop as a cellular provider. GameStop Mobile, as it's called, is that rare bird of an AT&T-based MVNO that relies on a bring-your-own-device strategy. As long as your hardware works on AT&T's 850MHz and 1,900MHz bands and isn't locked to another carrier, you can bring any GSM- and HSPA-based phone (or data-only device) and use it contract-free: rates start at anything from a strictly pay-as-you-go $5 through to a $55 monthly plan with unlimited voice and text, if just an anemic 500MB of data. Tablet owners and other data-only fans can pay the same $55 for 1GB per month -- a bit stiff considering that those on AT&T proper can get 5GB of data for slightly less. No doubt this is to take advantage of iPad and iPhone trade-ins, PlayStation Vitas and the overall rise of unlocked devices. We're just wondering whether GameStop will catch a few customers subscribing as they pick up their Diablo III pre-orders or else face the uncertain future that befalls many MVNOs.

    Update: As our friends at Joystiq have pointed out, the GameStop Mobile website is no longer publicly accessible. Looks like someone may have pulled the switch a bit too early.


              BREVES COMENTARIOS SOBRE LA REFORMA TRIBUTARIA        
    Para vergüenza mía tengo que confesar que he perdido el tiempo leyendo la reforma tributaria. Bueno, es algo "ñoño", aparte que no he entendido ni la mitad de sus consecuencias. Sin embargo, quisiera compartir mis apreciaciones dado que el gobierno se ha desgastado (y comprado con sus recursos) una serie de propagandas para insistir en la reforma tributaria. Una de esas es que no afecta a la clase media.

    Lo primero que hay que decir es que la reforma tributaria cuenta con una redacción en extremo confusa. Los políticos no tienen incentivos para clarificar sus reformas tributarias porque quieren que nadie sepa para quien es el totazo. Y es verdad que de acuerdo con su publicidad una lectura rápida no muestra que se esté gravando a la clase media. Eso hay que estudiarlo a profundidad. 

    JUGANDO AL IMPUESTO TEMPORAL
    Pienso de lo que entendí y lo que pude leer entre líneas es que los impuestos que se crean son temporales. Una creación de impuestos temporales es entre señal de debilidad del estado y un peligro inmenso porque nada más permanente que un impuesto temporal. El mejor ejemplo es el 4 X 1000 que nació por decreto inconstitucionalmente para salvar a los bancos en el gobierno de Pastrana, pero luego se saneó la inconstitucionalidad. Este impuesto lo están desmontando desde que tengo uso de razón tributaria. La anterior reforma tributaria, no hace menos de 2 años, había ordenado su desmonte. Ésta ¡hace lo mismo, pero deroga el desmonte anterior! ¿Qué qué? ¡Más 4 X 1000 por ahora! Una reforma tributaria no puede venir sin beneficios. Así que también hay una prórroga de beneficios temporales de leyes anteriores.

    EL DISCURSO DE LA CLASE MEDIA
    Como la ley 1607 de 2014 gravó onerosamente con el Impuesto Mínimo Alternativo Nacional a la renta donde claramente los ingresos eran de personas de clase media, esto fue muy criticado. La opinión pública y el análisis fueron claros al insistir lo intenso del gravamen. Como el gobierno quiere la paz, digo estar en paz, tiene que mostrar un discurso que no grave a la clase media. ¿Qué hacer entonces?

    Una vieja estrategia que se remonta hasta Marx es generar en el colectivo la imagen del "capitalista" rico. "El rico es malo y no hay legitimidad en la forma de generarla". Por eso se crea el "impuesto a la riqueza". Que además es "transitorio". Dice el presidente:

    "Por supuesto, esta reforma supone un esfuerzo para las empresas más grandes del país –unas 32 mil que tienen patrimonio superior a los mil millones de pesos– y para los colombianos más ricos –unos 50 mil que tienen también un patrimonio por encima de esa suma–.
    Pero no afecta a la clase media del país, ni a las pequeñas y medianas empresas –las pymes–.
    Además, como ya dije, esta reforma se hizo escuchando las inquietudes y sugerencias de los empresarios, motivo por el cual el impuesto a la riqueza –yo prefiero decirle impuesto contra la pobreza– desaparece en 2018.". http://wp.presidencia.gov.co/Noticias/2014/Diciembre/Paginas/20141223_03-Palabras-Presidente-Santos-sobre-la-sanciom-Ley-Reforma-Tributaria.aspx

    Palabras más palabras menos hay que quitarle a los más ricos para darle a los más pobres. Pero, ¿Tiene el impuesto a la riqueza una destinación específica?  Â¡No! O sea que lo que paguen por concepto de impuesto a la riqueza va a cualquier gasto del estado. No está ni dedicándose a los programas de primera infancia, educación, lucha contra la pobreza, etc. Así que Robin Hood no le está quitando a los ricos para darle a los pobres, sino quitándole a los ricos para darle al más rico e inútil: ¡el estado! Tan no es así que otro de los novedosos inventos es la "sobretasa al CREE" pero, a diferencia del CREE que sí tiene una destinación social específica:

    ARTÍCULO 22°. No destinación específica. La sobretasa al impuesto sobre la renta para la equidad – CREE no tiene destinación específica. Los recursos que se recauden por este tributo no estarán sometidos al régimen previsto en los artículos 24 y 28 de la Ley 1607 de 2012, no formarán parte del Fondo Especial sin personería Fondo CREE, y harán unidad de caja con los demás ingresos corrientes de la Nación, de acuerdo con las normas previstas en el Estatuto Orgánico del Presupuesto. http://www.comunidadcontable.com/BancoMedios/Documentos%20PDF/105%20-%2014%20s%20-%20134%20-%2014%20c%20reforma%20tributaria.pdf

    Sin embargo, en este impuesto hay una gran confusión entre riqueza y su medida. Los tan expertos en análisis económico y tributario parecen no comprender un balance. Un balance cuenta con activos líquidos y activos ilíquidos o fijos. Una empresa puede estar llena de activos fijos pero padecer iliquidez. 

    ¿Qué de la reforma toca a la clase media? Aunque cabe reconocer que de manera rápida no encuentro un empeoramiento a las condiciones de la "clase media" en materia tarifaria. Lo único es que el gobierno aumentó a las sociedades sujeto del "CREE" del 8% al 9%. Además de novedosos enredos en este impuesto.

    ¿Y es que el gobierno no beneficia a los ricos? Recordemos que el mencionado 4 X 1000 nació como el 2 X 1000 precisamente con la intención de salvar a los Bancos. Vea este video de Rudolf Homes cuando en aquella época http://youtu.be/bRgATyQm54A. Los comentarios agudos de Jaime Garzón son muy buenos ¿es que por encima de las leyes sociales están los bancos? ¿Es que los bancos cuando ganan no reparten y cuando pierden sí reparten? El estado es un aliado de los bancos, para eso puede leer a Mises que lo explica muy bien en el libro Human Action. Lo irónico del 4 X 1000 es que ¡terminó afectando a los bancos! ¿No ha oído a nadie decir "págueme en efectivo para que no me cobren el 4 X 1000"?

    ¿POR QUÉ HACERLO FÁCIL SI PODEMOS HACERLO DIFÍCIL?


    Esta imagen de www.actualicese.com da en el punto de los enredos de la reforma tributaria. Ponga la primera parte del índice tapando el meñique y abrazando el anular, que a su vez atrapa el intermedio que abraza el meñique aunque sobresale. Finalmente deje el pulgar afuera. ¡La esencia es el pulgar afuera y los demás enrollados! Podemos hacerlo fácil como a la derecha, o difícil como a la izquierda ¡El efecto es el mismo!

    Esa imagen, sin proponérselo, logra ser una descripción virtual del siguiente artículo: 

    ARTÍCULO 16°. Modifíquese el artículo 23 de la Ley 1607 de 2012 el cual quedará así:

    “Artículo 23. La tarifa del impuesto sobre la renta para la equidad - CREE a que se refiere el artículo 20 de la presente ley, será del ocho por ciento (8%). 
    Parágrafo. A partir del período gravable 2016, la tarifa será del nueve por ciento (9%).Parágrafo transitorio. Para los años 2013, 2014 y 2015 la tarifa del CREE será del nueve (9%). Este punto adicional se aplicará de acuerdo con la distribución que se hará en el parágrafo transitorio del siguiente artículo.” http://www.comunidadcontable.com/BancoMedios/Documentos%20PDF/105%20-%2014%20s%20-%20134%20-%2014%20c%20reforma%20tributaria.pdf

    ¿Qué? Lo que dice el artículo 23 se resume en "La tarifa del CREE será del 9%. Esta tarifa tiene efectos para los años 2013 y 2014 inclusive". Pero primero decir que es el 8%, luego que es el 9% desde el 2013. Incluyo la segunda frase simplemente porque la ley tiene efectos a futuro a menos que se especifique otra vigencia. Pero ¿para qué hacerlo en una frase si podíamos hacerla confusa?

    ¿IMPORTAN LOS ENREDOS EN LA ECONOMÍA?

    A finales de la década de los 30 Ronald Coase planteaba la teoría de la firma donde incluía su exitosa creación del concepto de "costo de transacción". Los costos de transacción son lo que cuesta realizar un intercambio. Por ejemplo, salir a comprar ropa implica no solamente pagar el precio, sino también una tarde perdida en un centro comercial, unas medidas incómodas, caminar, gasolina, etc. Todo para comprar unos benditos zapatos. ¿Cuál es el costo de transacción de pagar impuestos? Lo primero es entender qué toca pagar, luego cuándo y luego cómo. 

    Uno de los casos más comunes del pago de impuestos es la retención en la fuente. El que es agente retenedor tiene que aplicar unos enredos a la hora de pagarle a los "empleados". Pero un empleado tributario, además del empleado del Código Sustantivo de Trabajo, también lo es el independiente. Vea los artículos 383 y 384 del Estatuto Tributario sobre cómo se retiene el la fuente. Eso sin contar que tiene que pedirle el comprobante de pago de la seguridad social al independiente. Este costo de transacción de ignorarse puede generarse sanciones y de asumirse genera más trabajo al que lo hace. 

    Si una reforma tributaria es confusa para un abogado, estudiante de maestría en economía con experiencia en el día a día tributario-contable. Es confusa, también, para expertos consultores en materia de impuestos y planeación tributaria ¿Va a ser fácil de entender para el trabajador del común? Hice el experimento con estudiantes de último semestre de una carrera donde tienen contabilidad, costos, impuestos, etc. en su pénsum y escasamente pudieron comprender el ejemplo anterior. 

    En la medida en que los impuestos se hacen más confusos, es más difícil pagarlos. Esto implica una elección "no pagarlos y arriesgarse", "pagarlos y perder valiosas horas de productividad". Tampoco creo que ayude al recaudo, en la medida que la administración de impuestos estará muy ocupada entendiendo, aclarando, recibiendo interpretaciones diferentes. En Estados Unidos, y no es mi paradigma tributario, un doctor en ingeniería me decía que allá hacía fácilmente la declaración, acá le toca contratar un contador. Si un experto consultor se demoró un mes en entender el "Impuesto Mínimo Alternativo Nacional" ¿Va a ser fácil para las personas del común manejar estos costos? Y si los maneja ¡está dejando de pensar en cosas que sí le aportarían a su productividad! ¡Está dejando de producir y de trabajar por pagar impuestos! 

    No faltará el que salga con que eso genera empleo para los contadores. La verdad no creo que un contador realmente gane con la reforma tributaria. Realmente una reforma confusa no aumenta la productividad del contador, realmente la disminuye, lo obliga a vivir de capacitación en capacitación y le dificulta llevar el trabajo que ya tiene. Es posible que pueda cobrar más, pero porque la demanda aumenta y la oferta disminuye. Puede que el contador cobre más pero ¿a qué costo? Al costo de una labor más compleja. Es como decir que el médico ganaría más con la enfermedad, pues sí, pero hasta el punto que le den sus fuerzas: ¡Bendita sea la enfermedad que da trabajo a los médicos!

    ¿INEVITABLE?
    Puede que usted sea un creyente ferviente de esa ideología llamada Constitución de 1991. Que ame el estado social de derecho, como si por ponerle "social" capitán Constitución resolviera la pobreza, que crea que pagar impuestos es bueno. Crea usted que el  estado es un generoso Robin Hood que le quita a los "ricos tacaños" y que por ende, es inevitable resolver el déficit fiscal. Sepa varias cosas:

    A) La reforma tributaria trae más confusión, una mayor confusión tributaria es un virus que eleva los costos de producción de todas las empresas. Eso ya de por sí es una pérdida.

    B) Tenga en cuenta que hay muchas labores del estado que no tienen sentido. Por ejemplo, piense en el cargo de procurador judicial que todos sabemos que son una traba en procesos, especialmente los penales donde se juega con la libertad de las personas. Y ¿cuánto ganan? Piense en los carruseles de pensiones de las altas cortes mientras el juez promedio no tiene ni lapiceros. Tenga en cuenta la desigualdad de muchos funcionarios donde los altos tienen salario en especie con vehículos, escolta, entre otras. ¡Sí, la burocracia es más desigual todavía que las empresas privadas! 

    C) Tenga en cuenta que las reformas tributarias son confusas porque se quiere ocultar su verdadero sentido. Por eso incluyen exenciones con nuevos gravámenes lo que las hace más confusas todavía. Las exenciones se dan a costa de los gravámenes favoreciendo grupos económicos concretos. Lea algunas de las exenciones o descuentos y verá cómo los "ricos" pero "especiales" también ganan. Además si la intención es cubrir el "hueco fiscal" ¿cree que va a haber más descuentos que beneficios? Los beneficios son el "premio de consolación", ¿no cree que su intención es más psicológica?

    D) Finalmente, si quiere que el estado cubra el déficit funcionaría mejor si pensara en disminuir el gasto y priorizar. No se tiene que hacer una reforma tributaria si la intención es favorecer a los más pobres. Lo que se tiene que hacer es darle prioridad a los más pobres sacrificando el valioso "servicio" del procurador judicial, las pensiones presidenciales, el número de Congresistas, el carrusel de pensiones. ¿Cuánto no es el gasto de los órganos de control? 


    CONCLUSIÓN
    Concluir sobre 52 páginas y 72 artículos que remiten a otros artículos no termina aquí. La reforma tributaria no se acabó ¡apenas empieza! Pronto va a haber decretos, resoluciones, conceptos de la DIAN, seminarios, cursos, actualizaciones (en menos de dos años), sentencias, líos, enredos... Va a haber líos para resolver los líos, enredos para aclarar los enredos. Así si razona ad infinitum los enredos que trae la reforma son infinitos. Si quiere profundice en http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2157804, un análisis especial de las leyes tributarias gringas, que al lado de las colombianas son ¡fáciles! Así que esto es cuestión de tiempo que se difundan los daños que hace la reforma, por más buenas intenciones que tengan quienes la promovieron...



              EL AUMENTO DE LOS IMPUESTOS ES CONSECUENCIA DEL AUMENTO DEL ESTADO        
    El recaudador de impuestos. Pieter Brueghel
    Para una de las materias de la Universidad en la maestría en economía tuve que hacer un largo escrito presentando una investigación. Mi tesis o trabajo de maestría será sobre impuestos. Aunque inicialmente [en realidad inicialmente pensé en algo muy enredado y como los fractales de longitud infinita] pensé dedicarme a denunciar el aumento de la retención en la fuente a título de renta que se observa en series de tiempo, creo que tengo motivos suficientes para ampliarlo al impuesto de renta.

    ¿Por qué ampliar un poco el tema al impuesto como tal? a La razón es que a veces para los particulares y empresas la retención en la fuente es conveniente. Luego de haber escrito una larga disertación de su inconveniencia, una amiga contadora me dijo que había casos en los que era conveniente. Coincidencialmente, luego del comentario de mi amiga contadora como agente retenedor me pidieron dos personas en menos de una semana que no se acogían a beneficios legales que me permitían no retenerles sino que por el contrario me pedían que les retuviera. Esto tiene también su fundamento en el flujo de caja, el impuesto de renta afecta fuertemente el flujo de caja, la retención en la fuente puede diferir esa afectación al flujo de caja que es el impuesto de renta.

    En todo caso, sin perjuicio de los alcances que la investigación vaya a tener o a cambiar quisiera compartir unas pequeñas notas sobre por qué los impuestos tienden a subir –o a bajar-. ¿Qué hace que paguemos más impuestos en términos reales? ¿Por qué el estado promueve reformas tributarias? Básicamente porque necesita dinero. A continuación se mostrarán dos perspectivas, la histórica y la teoría económica sobre por qué aumentan los impuestos. Ambas coinciden a pesar de su diferencia en perspectiva.

    Aunque  se desconoce si existe algún marco teórico que presente hechos estilizados [hechos que se repiten al aumentar los impuestos] o hipótesis de las causas que influyen en el recaudo, hay un hecho central los impuestos surgen de la necesidad que tienen los estados de financiar el “gasto público”.  Esto puede observarse tanto desde la perspectiva histórica como desde la teoría económica.

    1. PERSPECTIVA HISTÓRICA Y FILOSÓFICA
    A mi modo de ver hay hechos estilizados están en un análisis histórico. Mil años antes de Cristo en el libro primero de Samuel se hace una advertencia vital: ¡Los reyes cuestan! (1 Samuel vs 11-18). Se tienen registros de impuestos alrededor de 3000 años antes de Cristo en la China (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008). En la antigua Grecia los impuestos se usaban para la guerra pero cuando esta terminaba se devolvían (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008). Quien fuese el tutor de uno de los más grandes tiranos de la historia, Aristóteles, tenía claro que los impuestos no pertenecían al que los recaudaba sino al “tesoro público” (ARISTÓTELES, pág. Volumen 8) y que eran objeto de reembolso (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008).

    En la Antigüedad parece entonces que los impuestos respondían a guerras y eran en general en cantidades pequeñas. El impuesto sobre las ventas del emperador Julio César era del 1% (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008). Los impuestos para financiar las guerras como el crecimiento imperial eran la mayor motivación para cobrarlos como sus aumentos. Por ejemplo, Pedro el Grande en Rusia gravó todo lo que pudo (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008) para sus ambiciones imperiales.  Por ejemplo en Inglaterra en 1914 el impuesto sobre el ingreso era del 6% y pasó al 30% al finalizar la primera Guerra Mundial en 1918  (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008).

    En la antigüedad eran muy pequeñas las cantidades que prácticamente no tenían efecto sobre la mayoría de los ciudadanos. Sin embargo, con el paso del tiempo las ideas de limitar los impuestos o inclusive negar su legitimidad han ido aumentando. Claro de la mano del crecimiento del estado. Tan es así que sorprende lo poco que importaban a los grandes filósofos estos temas con únicamente pequeñas alusiones al tema, siendo la Aristotélica mucho más racional y la platónica suelta una denuncia en uno de los apartados de la República. No es sino hasta la escolástica española que se hace un análisis jurídico-económico a los impuestos. La historia también ha mostrado ejemplos de límites y desobediencia a los impuestos. Francisco Suárez nos cuenta Carlos Parma sintetizó basado en las enseñanzas de Santo Tomás los límites de los impuestos. Según él estos debían ser para que fuesen justos (LAMAS):

    -          debe ser impuesta por la máxima autoridad legislativa;
    -          su finalidad debe ser conocida y justa
    -          y la proporción del tributo establecido por ella debe ser acorde con su finalidad, en el momento de su creación y durante la subsistencia del impuesto.

    Derivado de estos principios es que Juan de Mariana denuncia la mutación de la moneda –el aumento del flujo circulante de dinero- como un impuesto encubierto. Este método en la actualidad consiste en que el Banco Central [en Colombia Banco de la República] prenda la máquina de billetes a favor de los acreedores del estado. Esa mutación de la moneda es un robo, o viéndolo más “objetivamente” es un impuesto encubierto.

    Por otro lado, las cuestiones tributarias han sido motivo de movimientos políticos como la independencia de los Estados Unidos (NEW INTERNACIONALISM, 2008).  También se cuenta que el pensador Norteamericano Henry David Thoureau autor de On the duty of civil disobedience fue encarcelado por no pagar un impuesto que financiaba una guerra que los Estados Unidos libraba con México (COY-FERRER, 1975, pág. 414). La oposición a los impuestos se encuentra de manera directa en las acciones de Thoureau, el filósofo Lysander Spooner (SPOONER, 1882)  al igual que el alemán Friedich Nietzsche (NIETZSCHE, pág. 68), consideran que no existe tal tesoro público sino que lo que “pertenece” al estado es robado.

    No presento las teorías que favorecen los impuestos por dos razones. La primera es que parecen estar implícitas en la mente de todos, como un lavado de cerebro muy bien hecho, así todos se quejen de ellos. Esta primera razón le explicará de entrada por qué le choca la cita Nietzscheana. La segunda razón es que más adelante sí hablaré de ellas.

    2. PERSPECTIVA ECONÓMICA
    Desde la perspectiva de la teoría económica hay una coincidencia total con la perspectiva histórica. La ventaja de la insípida perspectiva económica es que nos permite decir la verdad, sin necesidad de que usen nuestras ideas para distorsionar la veracidad de nuestras afirmaciones. El aumento del gasto público como impuesto presente o futuro es lo que se conoce como la equivalencia ricardiana. ¿Qué nos explica la equivalencia ricardiana?

    “Esta dice que cualquier cambio en el timing de los impuestos —es decir, por ejemplo, bajar transitoriamente impuestos hoy, financiar con deuda y repagar- la en el futuro— no tiene efectos sobre la economía, en particular sobre las decisiones del público. De ahí que se pueda argumentar que, a partir de esta idea, la deuda pública no es riqueza agregada, ya que al final hay que pagarla, y lo que la restricción del gobierno nos dice es que este pago se hará con impuestos.” (DE GREGORIO, 2007, pág. 148)

     Uno de los conceptos claves frente al recaudo es el déficit fiscal. El déficit fiscal puede expresarse matemáticamente la siguiente manera:


    Si es negativo se considera superávit fiscal e implica que los gobiernos o estados están gastando menos de lo que les ingresa lo cual es positivo en términos de finanzas públicas. Hay diversas distinciones sobre los distintos niveles de déficit pero la noción es clara. Ahora bien, ¿Qué pasa si el estado para crecer gasta más de lo que recauda? ¡Tiene necesariamente que endeudarse! Ya vimos que lo que enseña la equivalencia ricardiana tarde que temprano tiene que pagarse con más impuestos. Esto nos permite inferir la restricción presupuestaria del gobierno [o sea que el gobierno no tiene dinero absoluto en el tiempo] a lo largo del tiempo así:


    Esto quiere decir que el valor actual de todos los gastos más el valor actual de la deuda deben ser financiadas completamente por el flujo proyectado de impuestos. El último término significa que la deuda al final de los periodos tiene que tender a cero o decrecer lo que nos permite reexpresar así:



    Esto quiere decir que el valor actual de todo el flujo de impuestos, menos el flujo de gastos debe ser igual al valor actual de la deuda. Esta restricción presupuestaria intertemporal es la que impide que haya un déficit elevado y que la deuda no crezca a una tasa mayor que los intereses. Por tal motivo, habrá un momento que para suplir la restricción presupuestaria del gobierno habrá que aumentar los impuestos o estaríamos violando la condición de solvencia.

    Mejor dicho, a los estados también los pueden enviar a “cobro jurídico” por no pagar, por eso a la larga tendrán que pagar sus deudas. Pero ¿cómo pagan las deudas que son el precio del “bien común”? O vendiendo bienes propios o aumentando los impuestos porque es la única fuente de ingresos.

    3. IMPUESTOS EN EL ESTADO COLOMBIANO.
    Hemos visto que históricamente los afanes expansionistas estatales generan como consecuencia directa o indirecta el aumento de los impuestos. Y Colombia está en un afán estatal expansionista. Desde esta perspectiva, el flujo de gastos del estado colombiano se espera que crezca en los próximos años las razones son entre otras las siguientes:

    -          Las indemnizaciones a las víctimas del conflicto, el Consejo de Estado maneja la tesis de la reparación integral bastante costosa.

    -          El estado social de derecho que significa estado de bienestar en términos económicos y consiste en que el estadovela por el denominado “mínimo vital” de los individuos.

    -          Esto implica que los gastos en salud, educación, recreación, entre muchos otros sean prestados por el estado.

    ¿Quién paga esos costos? Derivado de la tesis del “mínimo vital” pronto caeremos en un pasivo pensional elevado, subsidios al agro, al desempleo –y al empleo-, subsidios a los ricos y a los pobres [que paga la clase media] que el estado tendrá que pagar con dinero recaudado de más impuestos.

    Previamente no citamos las corrientes que fundamentan los impuestos. Este es el momento. Si usted cree en el estado social de derecho tendrá que afirmar que el pago de los impuestos es vital para el sostenimiento de labores estatales como el “gasto público social”. Que es vital una estructura impositiva para redistribuir los ingresos de las clases más favorecidas a las menos favorecidas y que eso es labor del estado. En la teoría eso suena hermoso pero en la práctica es más impuestos para todos.

    Como el estado depende de una gran burocracia y ya no solamente se paga la corte del rey [por aquello de los “frenos y contrapesos”] sino la de Presidencia, Fiscalía, Procuraduría, Defensoría del Pueblo, Banco de la República, Gobernaciones, Alcaldías, Superintendencias, Establecimientos Públicos, Comisiones de Regulación, la DIAN, altas Cortes, Congreso –con altos salarios- con su aparato administrativo y todos aquellos extraterrestres administrativos como le decía una profesora (que creía en el estado) que podrían crecer ad infinitum. ¿Cómo así que pueden crecer ad infinitum? Pues infinitas son las formas de corrupción luego para preverlas se necesitan infinitos entes que también pueden ser corruptas: ¡una bonita serie de crecimiento geométrico! Es claro, con la burocracia que el estadoes un ente redistributivo, toma el dinero de las clases medias para dárselo a las altas o sea congresistas, funcionarios públicos, entre otras. Efectivamente ¿quién paga los impuestos? A más impuestos ¿quién pagará más si nadie quiere pagarlos?

    4.  REFLEXIÓN FINAL
    Uno de los objetivos del trabajo de grado no le gustaba al asesor, pero fue propuesto por el asesor [estos académicos no se ponen de acuerdo]. El objetivo es el siguiente:

    “Denunciar el peligro político y jurídico de que la retención en la fuente crezca a un ritmo porcentual superior al del ingreso de familias y empresas.”

    En este objetivo soy claro, mis afanes académicos tienen que tener una finalidad que sirva a la gente, sino escribiré buena carreta. De alguna manera hay algo entre este objetivo y esto que son notas previas a la investigación que en términos académicos llaman “marco teórico”. Sin embargo, el objetivo no se sobrepone a la conclusión que es levemente distinta: para reducir impuestos se requiere reducir el estado. Y ¿por qué es bueno reducir el estado? Pregúntese ¿De qué le sirve el estado? Y ¿Cuánto le cuesta el estado? Y con un análisis práctico quizás sepa la respuesta.

    Referencias.

    ARISTÓTELES. (s.f.). LA POLÍTICA (Vol. 8). La Editorial Virtual. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de http://www.laeditorialvirtual.com.ar/pages/Aristoteles_LaPolitica/Aristoteles_LaPolitica_000.htm

    COY-FERRER, J. (1975). THOUREAU, HENRY DAVID. En E. RIALP, GRAN ENCICLOPEDIA RIALP (Vol. 22, págs. 413-414). Madrid: Ediciones RIALP S.A.

    DE GREGORIO, J. (2007). MACROECONOMÍA. TEORÍA Y POLÍTICAS. Santiago de Chile: Pearson. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de http://www.degregorio.cl/pdf/Macroeconomia.pdf

    LAMAS, F. A. (s.f.). CARLOS PARMA. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de Francisco Suarez y el impuesto injusto: http://www.carlosparma.com.ar/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=172:francisco-suarez-y-el-impuesto-injusto-&catid=47:filosofia-del-derecho&Itemid=27

    NEW INTERNACIONALISM. (01 de 10 de 2008). NEW INTERNACIONALISM. Recuperado el 27 de 11 de 2013, de A short history of TAXATION: http://newint.org/features/2008/10/01/tax-history/

    NIETZSCHE, F. W. (s.f.). ASÍ HABLÓ ZARATHUSTRA. España: Euroliber S.A.

    SPOONER, L. (1882). NATURAL LAW OR THE SCIENCE OF JUSTICE. Boston. Recuperado el 28 de 11 de 2013, de http://lysanderspooner.org/node/59


     OTROS ENLACES QUE TOCAN EL TEMA DE LOS IMPUESTOS



              iPatientCare Set to Demonstrate Its iRemind Services and share knowledge on Reducing Billing Obstacles During its Monthly VUCON to be Held on August 18, 2016        

    iPatientCare to Present Pathway to Eliminate billing road blocks with help of its efficient Revenue Cycle Management Services and show how to remain compliant by availing its MUPlus Services along with demonstrating a complete solution for patient reminder services in its Upcoming Virtual User Conference (VUCON) to be Held on August 18, 2016

    (PRWeb July 27, 2016)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/iPatientCare-VUCON2016/RCM-MUPlus-iRemind/prweb13576483.htm


              iPatientCare Virtual User Conference (VUCON) Set to Highlight the Claim Process by Looking from Payers Perspective to Aid Providers Achieve Better Outcomes        

    iPatientCare announces Virtual User Conference (VUCON) for providing a step by step guide for Claim Process from payers’ viewpoint that will help Providers in understanding the best practices for claim submission procedures and achieve better results

    (PRWeb June 28, 2016)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/iPatientCare-VUCON2016/Claim-Process/prweb13515033.htm


              iPatientCare is Set to Aid Providers in Finding Their Quality Performance based on the Quality & Resource Use Report (QRUR) in Its Upcoming Virtual User Conference        

    iPatientCare announces to conduct its upcoming VUCON session to share knowledge on Quality and Resource Use Report (QRUR) that will help Doctors in understanding their quality performance on federal quality and cost metrics

    (PRWeb May 26, 2016)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/iPatientCare-VUCON2016/QRUR/prweb13437969.htm


              iPatientCare to Demonstrate Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS) in its Upcoming Virtual User Conference (VUCON)        

    iPatientCare announces to conduct its upcoming VUCON session with agenda of sharing knowledge on PQRS to assists the Physicians’ Offices in avoiding payment adjustment by successfully Reporting to CMS through iPatientCare PQRS Registry for the year 2016

    (PRWeb April 28, 2016)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/iPatientCare-VUCON2016/PQRS-Reporting-2016/prweb13370252.htm


              iPatientCare Set to Discuss MACRA During its Monthly Virtual User Conference (VUCON) to be Held on April 21, 2016        

    iPatientCare to Present Pathway to Preparing EP’s for CMS Reimbursement on Future Meaningful Use Changes in its the Upcoming Virtual User Conference (VUCON)

    (PRWeb March 31, 2016)

    Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/iPatientCare-VUCON2016/WhatIsMACRA/prweb13303658.htm


              Penfed 6.25% CD Strategy        
    Penfed is currently offering 6.25% APY CDs for their 3 to 7 year terms. The rate is very attractive for an investment with virtually no risk. This rate is among the highest, if not the highest insured-rate in the nation. With interest rates expected to decrease in the future, it would be a good idea to lock in these rates. I want to maximize the benefits of these CDs. I have 100K to invest and I've come up with a few scenarios.
    Scenario #1: Lock 100K in a 7-year 6.25% APY CD and have the interest paid out by check monthly. The idea is to have a recurring income.
    Pros: Lock in high interest rate for the maximum CD term. Protected from future interest rate decreases. Income delivered my savings account every month. Principal is protected.
    Cons: Sacrifice of compounded interest. Principal amount will be lock in for a long period, money is not accessible immediately and may result in loss of future investment opportunities if they arise.
    Scenario #2: Lock 100K in a 3-year 6.25% APY CD and have the interest reinvested. Cash out CD at maturity.
    Pros: Short term
    Cons: If interest rates decrease a lot, I would lose the opportunity for high insured-interest-rates.
    Scenario #3: Lock 25K each in a 3-year CD, 4-year CD, 5-year CD, and a 7-year CD, and compound interest.
    Pros: Duration of CDs are spread out.
    Cons: May not maximize interest earnings.
    My idea in Scenario #1 is to create a streaming income investment vehicle by putting 100K in a CD and collecting interest each month. The downside is locking up 100K of cash. Early withdrawal is a steep 365 days of interest for the 7-year CD. I can put the whole 100K in a 3-year CD (Scenario #2), which would give me more liquidity but if interest rates come down in the future, I would lose the high inerest rate opportunity. The third option (Scenario #3) is a CD ladder and would give me better liquidity. Still, locking up 100K for at least 3 years without seeing any income from that investment is a tough decision. That brings me back to the idea of receiving a monthly check for interest and locking in the CD for the longest term, the 7-year CD.
    Locking in 100K in a 7-year 6.25% APY CD and compounding interest would yield the highest interest, but that would made the 100K inaccessible for a long period of time and I can't afford that. There's always good investment opportunities out there and I don't want to be caught with money tied up. Also, I'm looking forward to buying an investment property in the near future, so I may need to tap into the money. What do you think is the best option for me?

              Non-Disclosure Agreements – Employee Solicitation        

    Non-Disclosure Agreements – Protect Your Employees This week I reviewed three Non-Disclosure Agreements and was surprised when two of the NDAs were silent regarding employee solicitation. Working with clients over the years I have found that in virtually every successful company, it is almost always the employees, along with the technology, that are among the […]

    The post Non-Disclosure Agreements – Employee Solicitation appeared first on Blog: News & Legal Articles from Our Team.


              Build Nearly Anything in VR With Google's Blocks App        
    The new Blocks app, free for HTC Vive and Oculus Rift, gives you a basic set of tools to create 3D objects in virtual reality, no PC required.
              Five Ways to Have the Best-Ever Virtual Genealogy Conference!        
    Can you believe how fast summer is sailing by? Which means the Family Tree University Virtual Genealogy Conference is right around the corner, Sept. 13 to 15.

    This online event has the excitement and shared knowledge of a genealogy conference, without the expense and difficulty of travel and being away from family and work. Or the pressure to change out of your fuzzy slippers.


    Wikimedia commons, Ch2410

    You get a weekend of video classes (which you can download to keep), networking with genealogy researchers and experts via our conference message boards, and a live keynote. Classes and Q&A sessions cover genetic genealogy, websites, methodology, organizing and preserving your research, and ethnic research.

    I hope you'll join me there. Use coupon code FALLVCEARLY to save $40 on registration! (Code expires Aug. 11, 2017.)

    As a seasoned Virtual Conference attendee, I've got a few tips for making the most of the experience:

    1. Peruse the program ahead of time.
    Most of the conference is on-demand—you log in to watch videos and post to the message board any time during the conference. But Lisa Louise Cooke's keynote presentation on Sunday, "Big Pictures in Little Details," is live, as are the expert Q&A sessions on the message boards. Mark the scheduled bits on your calendar (remember the Virtual Conference is on East Coast Time).

    Since you can download the classes to watch again, don't worry if you can't squeeze them all into the weekend. But do try to watch the ones most related to your research during the conference so you can discuss them on the message boards.

    2. Free up some time.
    The time-saving convenience of attending from home is a MAJOR draw. But carve out some time over the weekend to watch the videos and chat on the message boards. The Virtual Conference genealogy inspiration gets me excited about trying new strategies and resources, so I usually want to spend some time researching, too.

    I minimize errands that weekend, and declare a pizza night for the kids. Daddy does something fun with them and we grant them more screen time. Therefore, my children enjoy the Virtual Conference almost as much as I do!

    3. Log in on Friday.
    Even if you're not planning on doing much conferencing on Friday, take 15 minutes to log in, go over the orientation and click around the conference. Make sure you can download a video. If you have any problems accessing the conference content, just post to the Technical Issues board and we'll address it as quickly as possible.

    4. Play along.
    You'll get the most benefit out of the classes and opportunities to interact with others if your research is fresh in your mind. Go over your tree before the conference to refamiliarize yourself with difficult ancestors. Make a list of your surnames and places for the surnames message board.

    A lot of action happens on those boards! Introductions are made, tips shared, questions answered, brick walls solved, books and websites recommended. We'll even exchange recipes and family stories. Check here often during the conference, post your questions, and answer other peoples'.

    5. Get comfy.
    Everyone talks about how great it is to do genealogy in your pajamas. NOW'S YOUR CHANCE!! Wear your comfiest PJs and fuzziest slippers. Don't bother doing your hair. Make some coffee or tea, fetch your favorite snack and pad over to your computer. Revel in it.

    Visit FamilyTreeUniversity.com to check out the conference details and sign up today. Remember to save $40 (before Aug. 11) with coupon code FALLVCEARLY!


    SaveSaveSaveSave
              2017 Virtual Conference: Genealogy Technology and Tools        

    Guest post by Vanessa Wieland, Dean of Family Tree University

    We have another amazing virtual conference in the works (September 15-17), with three days of genealogy search tips, tricks, techniques and tools you can use to improve your genealogy search. Our lineup is still being finalized, but we’re looking forward to presentations on the following tech-based tools, plus a presentation that will compare the four DNA testing companies so you can see which test is best for you.

    Cloud Technology: Preservation and Organization - Jennifer Alford
    Learn how to preserve your genealogy and organize it online with these tips. You'll learn about what tools will be most useful for keeping your work in great shape.

    Time Travel Technology - Lisa Louise Cooke
    Go back in time to discover your ancestors with these tech tools that will help you discover the details that will bring your ancestor's history to life.

    Resources for Visual Storytelling - Nancy Hendrickson
    If a picture paints a thousand words, this presentation will provide you with the know-how to create great tales using visual elements.

    5 Google Secrets Revealed - Lisa Louise Cooke
    Google is a great resource for researching your family history and heritage, especially when you've learned these handy research tricks.

    Learn more about the 2017 Fall Virtual Conference and sign up early to get the early bird discount. Take $40 off the price with coupon code FALLVCEARLY.


              Northerly Island reopens!        
    Birds

    It's been a long time coming: after more than two years of construction, this morning Northerly Island officially reopened. Although not "officially" open until 10am, many people were out early this morning enjoying the new paved walkway that loops through the southern 40 acres of the park. I was one of those people, hoping for some interesting migrants and checking out the site's birding potential. 

    Every bit of open space on the lakefront is important for the birds themselves as a place to rest and refuel, and Northerly Island's location--jutting out into the lake--makes it an especially important site. According to eBird, no fewer than 241 species have been reported there. It has been particularly good for grassland migrants, birds like Nelson's and Le Conte's Sparrows, Bobolink, Sedge Wren, and Short-eared Owl. It's also attracted some great rarities over the years, most recently Brewer's Sparrow and Sage Thrasher. But what does the future hold for birding here?

    This morning was very quiet, with virtually no migrants. That's not an indictment of the habitat, however; it just wasn't a good day for migrants. In fact, the new Northerly Island has the potential to be just as good, if not better, as a birding destination than it was previously. The southern forty acres, where the construction took place and where most birders will focus their efforts, is primarily made up of two habitats--grasslands and pond. The grasslands (which lie on small hills) will undoubtedly attract good numbers of sparrows and other grassland migrants, just as the old Northerly did, but it may take some time until the vegetation has matured enough for the birds to arrive. The vegetation is still sparse in some places, however, and even this morning there were contractors out spraying invasive species. There are also plans to add 400 trees and 12,000 shrubs by 2017, which should enhance the habitat and make it attractive to a greater diversity of migrating birds. 

    The pond--which this morning had a couple of cormorants, small groups of Mallards and Canada Geese, and a Great Blue Heron--is particularly intriguing. The edges are lined with wetland vegetation, and although the water levels are currently too high for shorebirds, I can imagine large shorebirds, interesting waterfowl, or even an ibis dropping in at some point. They'd have to be tolerant of people to stick around for long, however, given how close the paved trail is to much of the pond. The edges of the pond could attract rails, Marsh Wrens, and other migrants that like wetter grasslands, so long as that vegetation doesn't get trampled by fishermen and others wanting to get close to the water. 

    img_1638.jpg

    A panoramic view of the Northerly Island pond, looking west. 

    The biggest downside of the new development is the fact that from most of the path, you can see neither Lake Michigan nor Burnham Harbor. One of the great things about the old Northerly was the expansive view of the lake, so that while tromping through the grasslands for sparrows you could also be watching for migrating ducks, shorebirds, and terns flying over the lake (not to mention the lake is simply nice to look at!). Now you will have to climb up on the rip-rap for a view of the lake. The once-expansive views of the sky are also more limited now due to the addition of hills, so watching for migrants coming from the north will be a little more difficult. 

    As of now, there is fence lining the entire trail, understandably preventing access to the grasslands and pond edge while the vegetation takes hold. It also prevents access to the lakeshore rip-rap and the west side of the park, preventing views of the harbor. You can get good views of the pond, which will be worth keeping an eye on this fall, even if the fence will make birding difficult otherwise.  The northern half of the island remains open and is still worth checking, too, especially the east side with its weedy vegetation, shrubs, and cottonwoods. It will be some time--years even--until the full birding potential of the new Northerly Island is realized, but in the meantime the birding will be good and I plan on checking it regularly. 

    sedge_wren_northerly_engel.jpg

    Northerly Island is best known among birders for its grassland migrants, like this Sedge Wren. I took this photo at Northerly Island in September 2012.


              Prisoners for Profit - The Shame of Puppy Mills        
    It was summer when I visited puppy mills in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. In the last few years, the area has become a hub for large scale commercial dog breeding operations. And although the Midwest still ranks as containing the highest number of dog breeding operations, the concentration of puppy mills in Lancaster County is unparalleled.

    Accompanying me was a Humane Society of the United States investigator who had monitored the Pennsylvania mills for years. He knew the county well, and had seen not only the proliferation of puppy mills in the area, but at the same time, the increased press and public attention in their operations.

    Driving through the pastoral landscape, it seemed impossible that animal suffering could exist amidst such beauty. This illusion was quickly shattered with my first view of a puppy mill. For years, I had seen and studied photos of infamous facilities, but nothing prepared me for seeing the real thing with my own eyes.
    We approached a farmhouse from the road and turned onto a muddy lane. Rounding the corner, we didn't even have to get out of the truck to see or hear what awaited us. Rows of dilapidated cages were lined up outside a barn. Stopping the truck, my throat constricted with shock. Dogs were crammed three or more to a small cage which were elevated over mounds of feces. Matted fur covered their eyes as they rushed towards the front of their cages, barking at uninvited visitors. Their plight was so dramatically different than the dogs I knew, the dogs who lie lazily in afternoon sun, waiting for their next meal or walk. No, these dogs were here for a purpose and only one purpose: to make money.

    We saw many mills that day. Posing as buyers, we were able to handle and examine some of the puppies. Many seemed sickly, disoriented, and underweight. And when we were allowed to see their mothers, or sneaked onto a farm to view the conditions, the hopelessness of their lives weighed on me like a heavy load that rests on my shoulders even to this day.

    Dogs hold a special place in our hearts. Domesticated thousands of years ago, they were chosen to be our protectors, companions, and best friends. And although we have betrayed our responsibility towards them in many ways, none is so distressing or disturbing as the puppy mill.

    The term "puppy mill," coined in the mid-to-late sixties to describe large scale commercial dog breeding facilities, has only recently arrived in the mainstream vernacular. It is a term that some claim is sensational and manipulative. The word "mill" refers to an operation that churns out dogs in mass, using female dogs as nothing more than breeding machines. The term conjures images of dogs crowded in wire cages, living in their own wastes, shivering from the cold, or baking in the heat. Tragically, this vision is not far from reality. Most people, not just those interested in animal protection, are shocked when confronted with the bleak images of dogs housed and bred in puppy mills. But in the 5,000 puppy mills found across the country, thousands of dogs are bred and raised for profit, valued not for their companionship or loyalty, but for the cold hard cash they bring.

    Many consumers possess an image of puppies at a family farm, lovingly raised and cared for. Others may not even think about where a pet store puppy comes from. Drawn to a pet store window by a bin of wriggling puppies, the furthest thing from a customer's mind is the origin of these cute bundles of fur. But by buying a puppy, often for a price of $500 or more, the consumer is unknowingly supporting a cycle of abuse that begins at the puppy mill.

    What the consumer can't see is the puppy's mother, imprisoned miles away, pregnant again, her body being used to produce more money-making puppies. Starting at six months, she is bred every heat cycle. She is often weak, malnourished, and dehydrated. Rarely, if ever, is she provided with veterinary care. She cannot maintain her productivity past her fourth or fifth year. After that, she is nothing more than a drain on the mill's operation and must be disposed of. If she's lucky, she'll be humanely euthanized. More often than not, she will be shot or bludgeoned to death. Discarded, her wasted body will lie forgotten in a local landfill or garbage dump.

    This is the picture the pet stores will never show. And until recently, the ugly truth of puppy mills has been hidden. But when problems with many of the puppies bought at pet stores across the country began to surface, consumers and animal lovers alike began asking hard questions. Puppies with seizures, parasites, infections, bacteria, and behavioral problems were being seen far too often to be merely coincidental.
    Puppy mills and the pet store industry have begun to feel this scrutiny. They insist that it doesn't make good business sense to sell sick puppies or house breeding females in less than humane conditions. But evidence gained after years of documentation and investigation directly conflicts with these assertions. In addition, those small scale breeders who do treat their animals humanely, who raise them in their homes or in small, cleanly kept kennels, do not usually make a profit off their dogs. It is virtually impossible to breed in a humane fashion and make money at the same time. Although a pet store may sell a puppy for $500 or more dollars, most commercial breeders can only get around $35 per dog from a broker who in turns sells to the pet store for around $75. In order to make a profit and cover costs, corners must be cut, and puppies must be churned out at a furious rate. The cut corners are the animals themselves: their housing, their health, their cleanliness. Inherent in the profit-making mills is the sacrifice of humane standards in order to make a profit.
    What protection, if any, do these dogs and their puppies have? On the state level, puppy "lemon laws," existing in a handful of states including New Jersey and California, seek to offer consumers protection against buying sick puppies. Although these laws do chip away at the production of sick puppies, they do not address the inherent problem of the whole system: the selling of dogs for profit.

    The federal level offers even less hope. The current system not only allows the continuation of a business that makes money off the backs of dogs, but fails in its responsibility to provide even a basic quality of life for dogs in puppy mills. Originally passed in 1966, the federal Animal Welfare Act was amended in 1970 to include in its provisions the oversight of large scale commercial dog breeding facilities. Regulations were written with the intention of ensuring the proper care, feeding, housing, and veterinary care for the thousands of dogs found in puppy mills across the country. Mandated by law to enforce these regulations is the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). But with a shortage of inspectors responsible for overseeing these facilities, the agency has developed a reputation for failing to meet its mandate.
    Not only have outsiders criticized the agency's ability to enforce the Act in relation to puppy mills, but several internal reviews have also illustrated the gross inadequacies existing at the federal level. Recently, a damning internal review conducted by the USDA's own office of the Inspector General of the agency's South Central Regional Office offered a bleak picture. The South Central Office, responsible for overseeing the majority of this country's puppy mills, was found to be sorely lacking in its ability to enforce the Animal Welfare Act. The report found that the office failed to respond to complaints from the public, failed to report a large number of blatant violations of the law, and that supervisors told inspectors not only where and when to inspect, but instructed their staff not to write up too many violations of problematic facilities. USDA Secretary Dan Glickman, embarrassed by the report's finding, has demanded the development of an internal plan to respond to the crisis within the agency.

    The USDA is also feeling the heat over the puppy mill issue from members of Congress. After receiving constituent mail on puppy mills, Congressman Glenn Poshard (D-Il) and Senator Rick Santorum (R-PA), sprung to action. Working with The Humane Society of the United States and other animal protection organizations, they gathered over 100 signatures from members on both side of Capitol Hill in a letter to Secretary Glickman expressing concern about the problems found in puppy mills across the country. Sent late last summer, the letter has caused anxiety within the USDA.

    This Spring, the agency will consider enacting stronger regulations covering puppy mills as well as examining ways in which their enforcement powers can be increased. Although any change in the way puppy mills are regulated is an improvement, and stiffer rules may even shut down or discourage potential operators from opening a facility, the changes will not directly eliminate the mills themselves. Until the demand for mass-produced pet store puppies decreases, there will always be a buck to be made in the production of dogs.

    Rachel A. Lamb is Director for Companion Animal Care at The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) in Washington, DC.

    Dog Training
              kendo grid virtual scrolling not working when grid is not visible on databind        

    I'm binding the grid to an array with a separate function as i was instructed here.

    The problem is that virtual scrolling doesn't work when the grid is not visible when I attach data to the data source.

    Here is a Dojo

    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
    <head>
        <style>html { font-size: 14px; font-family: Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif; }</style>
        <title></title>
     
        <script src="../content/shared/js/people.js"></script>
    </head>
    <body>
    <div id="example" ng-app="KendoDemos">
        <div ng-controller="MyCtrl">
          <a href="" ng-click="ShowGrid = !ShowGrid">Toggle Grid</a>
          <div ng-show="ShowGrid">
            <div kendo-grid="mainGrid" options="mainGridOptions" k-data-source='mainGridDataSource'>
          </div>   
       </div>
     
     
        </div>
    </div>
     
    <style>
      .contact-info-form {
        list-style-type: none;
        margin: 30px 0;
        padding: 0;
      }
     
      .contact-info-form li {
        margin: 10px 0;
      }
     
      .contact-info-form label {
        display: inline-block;
        width: 100px;
        text-align: right;
        font-weight: bold;
      }
    </style>
     
    <script>
        angular.module("KendoDemos", [ "kendo.directives" ])
            .controller("MyCtrl", function($scope){
           
                    $scope.ShowGrid = false;
                    $scope.mainGridDataSource =  new kendo.data.DataSource({data:[], pageSize: 100});
                $scope.mainGridOptions = {
                    sortable: true,
                    height: 543,
                    //pageSize:100,
                    //dataSource: {pageSize: 100, data:[]},
                    scrollable: {
                                virtual: true
                            },
                    pageable: {
                      numeric: false,
                      previousNext: false,
                      messages: {
                        display: "Showing {2} data items"
                      }
                    },
                    columns: [{
                        field: "FirstName",
                        title: "First Name",
                        width: "120px"
                        },{
                        field: "LastName",
                        title: "Last Name",
                        width: "120px"
                        },{
                        field: "City",
                        width: "120px"
                        },{
                        field: "Title"
                    }]
                };
           
            generatePeople(5000, function(results) {
                //console.log(results);
                $scope.mainGridDataSource.data(results);
                 
               
            });
     
                 
            })
    </script>
     
     
    </body>
    </html>

              Alaskan Smoked Porter 22oz        
    Alaskan Smoked Porter

    Alaskan Smoked Porter

    2013

    Known as "rauchbier" in Germany, smoke-flavored beers were virtually unknown in the U.S. until Alaskan Smoked Porter was developed in 1988. The dark, robust body and pronounced smoky flavor of this limited edition beer make it an adven..

    Price: $9.99


              Is our environmental future better than we thought?        
    Two possible visions of our future are competing for our attention: an Anthropocene desert of homogenised mongrels and a virtual supercontinent teeming with new species
              Customer Journey Mapping        
    In virtually every branding, service design or innovation strategy project Zilver does, customer journey mapping plays a central role. It’s a highly versatile framework that invites project teams to ask the right questions and find the right answers. It plays a role in several points in the project: 1. at the beginning, to assess what […]
              Gracias Mario        
    "Hay quienes imaginan el olvido
    como un depósito desierto
    una cosecha de la nada y sin embargo
    el olvido está lleno de memoria".

    #MarioBenedetti

    * Fundación Cervantes
              Happy Mother's Day to all        
    Even to us mommys who have children in heaven, one day well see them again.
    Amanda Rose R.I.P you have givin me a virtual hug today from heaven my sweet baby
              my journey to Quebec Canada 2582.61 miles to go starting today (virtual walk group)        
    SO I joined the virtual walk challenge that I found on another persons blog this person is from Quebec Canada so I have a lot of miles to log should be able to log it all under a year (hopefully)

    5 miles under my belt (thanks Leslie Sansone) 2577.61 left
              A Sweeter Hops        

    Federal scientists have bred a new, antimicrobial-rich hops variety for tea

    Food for Thought

    Brewers prize hops for the characteristic bitter flavors they impart to ales, lagers, and other beers. But aficionados of another class of brews—certain herbal teas—would prefer their hops bitterfree. And federal scientists may have come up with just what the doctor ordered.

    "People have used hops medicinally for a long time. It's a fairly ancient remedy," notes plant physiologist Barbara M. Reed with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, in Corvallis, Ore.

    The bitter tonic made from hops has putative sedative, hypnotic, and antianxiety properties. Hops tea has been offered as a folk remedy for conditions ranging from fever and insomnia to bruises and cancer, according to a report by botanist James A. Duke, who has authored several books on medicinal plants. A quick browse on the Internet will turn up numerous sources of hop tea.

    The new cultivar, named Teamaker, may produce an especially palatable brew owing to a unique ratio of certain acid components. Moreover, the components that predominate in Teamaker have long-established antimicrobial properties. Indeed, their germ-fighting function appears to have won the appreciation of brewers more than a millennium ago, notes John A. Henning, who leads hop genetics and breeding at a USDA research center, also in Corvallis. Beer producers realized that when their recipe included hops, brews not only proved tasty, but had a longer shelf life.

    Hops breeder Alfred Haunold and his colleagues at the Corvallis center will formally register their debittered cultivar this month.

    What brewers of all stripes refer to as hops are actually the cone-shaped dried female flowers of the Humulus lupulus L. plant. Inside are glands that contain flavorful oils and some fairly bitter water-soluble components.

    To extract the flavorings for use in beer, or merely to make a cup of tea, brewers boil the cones to release their characteristic flavorings. However, the altered chemistry of USDA's new hop has dramatically boosted the production of flavorings possessing natural, antibiotic properties.

    In fact, the elevated antibiotic attributes of the new hop might open new markets for this crop, observes Henning. For instance, sugar producers might turn to it as a preservative to prevent microbial degradation of their product during processing. Alternatively, he notes, manufacturers and others may substitute it for the formaldehyde used to control pests and fungal growth in everything from animal feed and plywood to tissues that are being stored for use in research.

    Alpha vs. beta

    The key flavor compounds in hops trace to two families of chemicals: water-soluble alpha acids, and beta acids that develop in the plants' essential oils. Breweries prize the alpha acids for their hearty, if bitter, taste: These serve as a natural foil to the sweet compounds that develop in many beers. Indeed, some brewers just buy isolated hop-derived alpha acids and dispense with the beta acids entirely.

    The new Teamaker hop derives from experiments several decades ago when Haunold wanted to see the extent to which he could preferentially maximize a plant's production of alpha or beta acids. One successful beta-rich cultivar proved virtually devoid of alpha acids. A technician who tasted it jokingly said the bitterfree product would be great for tea—eventually giving rise to its name.

    In the January Journal of Plant Registrations, Henning, Haunold, and their coauthors describe Teamaker's pedigree—at least as much as is known. Most of its initial ancestors appear to have come from old English lines, such as cultivars known as Fuggle and Late Grape. However, Henning points out, because these lines are rich in alpha acids, there must have also been beta-rich ancestors. He now suspects that these were probably wild U.S. hops that pollinated their English cousins growing openly in Oregon fields, early in the last century.

    Currently, U.S. farmers produce some 55 million pounds of hops annually. Since the big market for hops has always been beer, the alpha acids-shy Teamaker languished in a few test plots for decades. A beer company or two checked the variety out, but ultimately exhibited no commercial interest.

    Recently, however, interest in beta acids—and their antimicrobial prowess—has been growing, independent of hops' use in beer. For instance, European sugar refiners have begun buying beta-acid extracts—essentially leftovers from alpha-acid production for breweries—as a bitterfree, all-natural preservative for use during manufacturing. At the same time, some feed suppliers have begun substituting beta acids for low-dose antibiotics as a livestock growth-promoting dietary additive. Feed producers couldn't use conventional hops directly, Henning notes, because the alpha acids' bitter taste would have soured the animals' interest in their chow.

    However, with Teamaker, the hop is essentially alpha acids-free: It certainly has the lowest quantity of alpha acids of any commercially available hop.

    Teamaker is available to breeders through the National Clonal Germplasm Repository—essentially a federal library with holdings that include more than 510 different hops. Some are wild natives collected throughout the United States. Others are cultivated varieties collected from throughout the world.

    But if the idea of bitterfree hops appeals, Henning says, stay tuned. In a year or two his group expects to announce a new and improved variety. Think of it, he says, as bitter-Terminator 2.


    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

    Citations

    John A. Henning

    Forage Seed and Cereal Research

    U.S. Department of Agriculture

    Agricultural Research Service

    3450 SW Campus Way

    Corvallis, OR 97331

    Barbara M. Reed

    National Clonal Germplasm Repository

    U.S. Department of Agriculture

    Agricultural Research Service

    33447 Peoria Road

    Corvallis, OR 97333-2521
    Further Reading

    Carter, P.R., et al. 1990. Hop cultivation and use information. In Alternative Field Crops Manual. University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Service. Available at [Go to].

    DeNoma, J.S. 2000. Background information on Hops. USDA ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository. Available at [Go to].

    Duke, J.A. 1983. Humulus lupulus L. In Handbook of Energy Crops . Available at [Go to].

              Wolf Lick        
    842 sq. ft.  1st Floor – 672 sq. ft., 2nd Floor – 170 sq. ft.  3 bedroom, 2 bath. Plans can expand to 1,200 sq. ft. Our cedar log homes are virtually 40% more efficient than conventionally built homes.   The post and beam, butt and pass, dove-tail and Swedish cope methods of construction make these [...]
              Earthworm Jim molaba más antes        
    Viendo el siguiente vídeo comparativo de diferentes versiones de lo mejor que ha parido -y parirá Dave Perry en toda su vida, aunque MDK2 tiene su aquél, me quedo de calle con la versión de MegaDrive de Earthworm Jim. Todo ilusionado que estaba yo con la versión hachedeizada, y no sé como se las han ingeniado para sacarle todo el encanto visual 2D repleto de animaciones y encasquetarle unos colores pobres y renders incluso hasta para la nevera colgante. Si no me equivoco, la versión de MegaDrive está disponible en la Consola Virtual, o sea que pasando de Wiiware ( de todas formas creo que que por ahora sólo está a la venta para XBLA; PSN y Wiiware a esperar tocan ) y decantandóme por el clásico primigenio. Vivan las 2D, mueran los renders !


              Permítanme parar, gracias        
    Ya no soy un jugón como antes. El llegar a casa, encender el ordenador y pasarme tres horas seguidas en una partida a Age of Empires 2 ( cuando la podía haber terminado en dos, pero uno es de los que si tienes que arrasar, arrasa hasta al explorador extraviado ) ha pasado a la historia. Soy uno de aquellos que agradece que haya puntos de guardado cada cinco pasos o que en Wii proliferen los juegos arcade de encender y jugar durante unos minutos. Breves dosis de diversión virtual para poder acabar relajado el día.

    Pero llega cuando puedes echarle horas, te olvidas del reloj y solo existe la pantalla para tí... hasta que suena el timbre, salta el 'plin' del microondas, oyes el olor a (re)quemado de la cena, el perro decide tener una relación carnal completa con tu pierna derecha, te llama el colega soltero para ir de caza nocturna, explota un volcán en Islandia, y tantos otros imprevistos que te obligan a poner un 'pausa' a tamaño 32 en tu televisor. Eso, si puedes.



    En abril, Wiiware es feudo español. Un feudo chapado a la antigua, pues tanto Chronos Twins DX ( Enjoy Up ) como Zombie Panic in Wonderland ( Akaoni ) son puros tributos a la vieja escuela, para alegría de todos los canosos del lugar y descubrimiento de los más yogurines. Pero ambos juegos, que comparten la característica retro pero se parecen tanto como una castaña y un huevo, tienen otra cosa en común: no tienen botón de pausa. Algo se les ha pasado por alto al testeo de Nintendo, que no puedes parar de jugar porque ¡ no hay botón para ello ! Gracias al Dios Miyamoto que el wiimote tiene el botón HOME que te permite hacer un stop en el trayector. Pero cosas tan simplonas como tener un menú ingame para poder toquetear la configuración, o ver el tiempo que te queda o puntuación que llevas se echan en falta cuando no las tienes. Puede que sea un descuido, puede que un homenaje a las partidas non stop sin concesionas para ir a mear de la vieja de escuela de la que tanto beben ambos títulos. Vaya usted a saber.

              Amor retro en Wiiware        

    Para el jugón que ya peina canas, aquel que existía antes que discutiéramos si un juego es hardcore o casual, Wii debe ser el último bastión de la vieja escuela. Además de la consola virtual, en Wiiware mil y un regresos de viejos clásicos ( los Rebirth de Konami, el mismo Excitebike: World Rally que salió el pasado viernes ) pueblan el catálogo. Y poblarán. Como Blaster Master: Overdrive, una puesta al día del clásico de NES de 'dispara y corre' que luce escandalosamente bien por tan solo 1000 puntos. Y cuando no son viejas glorias son los homenajes los que ocupan su lugar. Gaijin Games ha publicado los primeros vídeos de Runner, el cuarto Bit Trip, dónde se puede comprobar su estilo de plataformas rápido, similar al reciente Tomena Sanner o Canabalt. También la esperada adaptación a Wiiware de Super Meat Boy tiene nuevos vídeos circulando por la red mostrando varios niveles del juego de pura jugabilidad clásica. Es imposible no enamorarse de lo retro.





































    Fuente (2 y 3)


              Visit With Us        

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              Earn Money from Blogger Join Linkworth Affiliate Program        
    Want to make money online with your Blogger blog (Blogspot blog)? Earn money with Linkworth. Linkworth is one Affiliate Program that Blogspot Bloggers need to take a good look at if they are serious about making money from their blog. Given that most bloggers are also readers of blogs virtually every reader who arrives on your blog is a possible referral prospect. Therefore having a Linkworth affiliate banner or two on your blog makes sound marketing sense and is an easy way to earn extra money.

    Why Would a Blogger Want to Sign Up for Linkworth?
    Linkworth is a large, established and reputable advertising network. Linkworth offers Blogspot bloggers who become a partner a variety of income earning opportunities to monetize their blogs. Multiple advertising programs offerred by Linkworth include: Text Link Ads, Linkpost, Linkmura, Linkintxt, LinkWords, LinkBB, Linkpack.

    Linkworth offer a variety of ways to monetize your Blogger blogspot blog
    One of the bonuses of Linkworth is that it can be used in conjunction with Google Adsense provided no contextual advertising which is not allowed by Google is used. This makes Linkworth an extremely attractive advertising option for Blogspot bloggers and therefore a good reason to promote the affiliate program. Linkworth is suitable for the newbie blogger too as it is easy to get approval even when a blog has a low Google page rank and is receiving minimal traffic. Make sure you have at least 12 posts before you apply or your application may get declined.

    My Favorite Ways to Make Money Online with Linkworth
    All the programs offerred by Linkworth are good but my two favorite ways to make money online with Linkworth are:

    Affiliate Banner
    LinkPost
    With LinkPost you can earn money by writing sponsored posts. Depending on the Google Pagerank of your blog you can receive up to $50 per review. The process is easy but competitive. Basically you submit your blog to the advertising marketplace and sponsors and advertisers pay you money for your review.

    LinkWords
    With LinkWords keywords in your blog are underlined and if clicked on by a reader you earn money - either 50% or 70% for every ad clicked on depending on what scheme you have opted for. Some niches lend themselves better to text ad advertising and therefore generate more income per click than others. You will need to experiment to find out if LinkWords is worthwhile way for you to earn money from your blog.


    Benefits of the Linkworth Affiliate Referral Program
    Linkworth's referral program is generous and a good way to earn money. You get $50 for just signing up either as a publisher or with a combo account. That $50 is paid out to you once you earn $100 or more in total.

    For every new referral sent through your affiliate link you earn a flat commission of $50. The $50 is held as a pending payment until the referee has spent or earned a minimum of $100.

    Another sweetner for joining the Linkworth referral program is that you will receive 5% of the earnings for all referrals you make for the life of their account. Pretty good way to earn money huh?

    Linkworth claim that most account holders spend/earn well into the thousands. While I am skeptical of this statement Linkworth does offer a chance to make money by actively promoting its affiliate referral program.

    Summary
    You can earn money online if you know how. The Linkworth Affiliate Program offers good rewards for pasting a banner or two on your blog. From there on in it depends on the activity of your referees as to how much money you will actually make but there is scope for reasonable earning particularly if you supplement this with LinkPosts and LinkWords. Why not act now and start earning extra money from Linkworth right away. Sign up with Linkworth Affiliate Program or become a partner or both today.

    Affiliate Banner


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              lunaria / tvvin_pinez_m4all        


    Second tape release at Sounds of The Dawn brings to the world a new masterpiece in the new age genre - an it's only a debut album, recorded by Daniel - a member of our blog's team. Listening to this tape is an immersion into the state of heightened sensitivity, when everything becomes brighter and clearer. It may sound as a cliche when it comes to ambient new age music, but I'm too assured in the fact that actually any music can do that if it has sincerity. There are nothing supernatural about the impact which music can do on our minds and we don't need scientific proofs for that - just an open-minded listening, which leaves analysis and criticism beyond the perception. Blissful tones of this music is a soft contradiction to the modern pop-music with its aggressive production. One may call it escapism, but then one should ask himself - where are you escaping when listening to radio hits? What is real? Which reality is true and everlasting, and which is just temporary construct of humanity's greed? Nature is all around us, but we mostly ignore it, building our own realities, first concrete and metal, then virtual... But when I go with this though further, while bathing in the crystal clear melodies and chimes of Lunaria, I realise that answer is already here - literally. On the tape cover. It says "all is dream" and duality of the meaning of the word "dream" makes the answer even clearer. There is no escapism. Global civilization, the Humankind, even Cyberspace - everything is Nature, part of our planet's evolutionary process. And this whole process is just a part of universal dream. Who dreams it? We all do, and by doing that we can make all kinds of things... And we do them, many different things, not always pleasant - saying "what the difference?". But when someone makes music like this, when someone listens to it and it makes one's dream a bit brighter and lucid - I can be only happy. And it makes a difference.

     


    Colorful, growing plants are the key to livening up any interior décor. 

    During the course of last year or two vaporwave has become much more structured genre, than it was at the beginning. To tell the truth, it was more like a joke, than a "real music" and some people still think that way. But even superficial acquaintance with everything vapowave-themed on Bandcamp brings so many sub-genres and variations, that no joke can have. Being 100% product of postmodernism, this music recycles long-forgotten tunes, giving them another perspective in the massive retromania, which overfilled music market nowadays. And by doing that, vaporwave shifts the perception towards images and situations that actually never existed. If you old enough to remember early 90s, you can feel the similarity in atmosphere and aesthetics, but there are still too many differences, which makes vaporwave-induced nostalgia no more than a postmodernist trick. And it tells a lot about the way we remember, think and perceive. Take this tape - typical, I'd even say classical vapowave album full of slowed disco tunes, ambient passages and late 80s new age reminiscences - but still none of these things in sum. It reminds me making collages of old magazines - you can put together some random parts from your mom's old knitting magazine, modern National Geographic and some last year's newspaper. Of course, you get some new picture, but what is more important - this picture transcends time, it brings everything in present moment, making it joyful. So what's the difference between music for plants, recorded by 80's new age artists and this tape? Only time - which is just an instrument for the artist, a way to make perspective, to give us a hint on our own head interior. Do you have any living plants there? I bet they'll love this tape, because it sounds damn chill and relaxing.


              Homido Virtual Reality Headset V2        

    Normale prijs: € 75,95

    Aanbiedingsprijs: € 69,95


              Special 319: Facebook's F8 Keynote        

    TWiT Live Specials (Video-HD)

    On the first day of Facebook's F8 Developer Conference, Mark Zuckerberg announced Facebook's shift to augmented reality. Facebook's camera will be capable of recognizing people and objects and add Snapchat-like effects to the world. Facebook is hoping developers will help them take augmented reality to the next level, both using Facebook Camera Effects and the Oculus Rift. Facebook also announced a new social virtual reality app, Facebook Spaces, which will allow users to interact with each other in VR using cartoon avatars. Other announcements included an expanded focus on Messenger chat bots, QR code-like parametric codes, and Messenger Platform 2.0. The latter will add AI, games, music, and more to Messenger.

    Host: Leo Laporte

    Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/twit-live-specials.

    Thanks to CacheFly for the bandwidth for this special presentation.


              Special 318: Samsung Galaxy S8 Announcement        

    TWiT Live Specials (Video-HD)

    Samsung announces the Galaxy S8 and Galaxy S8+. The new 5.8" and 6.2" phones feature Samsung's new Infinity Display, 10mn octa-core processors, and dual pixel 12-megapixel rear-facing and 8-megapixel front-facing cameras, both with f/1.7 aperture. Samsung also announced new IoT integrations, the new Gear 360 camera, and Bixby, their new virtual assistant. The Samsung Galaxy S8 and S8 Plus will be available April 21st, with pre-orders starting tomorrow.

    Hosts: Jason Howell and Ron Richards

    Download or subscribe to this show at https://twit.tv/shows/twit-live-specials.

    Thanks to CacheFly for the bandwidth for this special presentation.


              Australia first to introduce a solar energy digital marketplace        

    Australia is famous for its crazy inhospitable environment, but with the introduction of new technology, Australians might actually be able to make money off the burning hot sun. According to the Guardian, Australia will be the first country in the world to implement a network of “virtual” power stations. Instead of building actual power stations, the “virtual” ones will be made by linking rooftop solar panels and batteries of households together with a smart grid, bringing new additional energy into the system. Australian homeowners who have installed solar panels and batteries, will soon be able to trade their excess electricity in a digital…

    This story continues at The Next Web
              Live Chat! Take a Virtual Trip to Milwaukee Irish Fest        

    I’m teaming up with Jody from Ireland Family Travel and Eoin from Bitesize Irish Gaelic this Saturday at Milwaukee Irish Fest at 5pm CST for a casual meetup. Can’t make it to Milwaukee? You can join us live on Google Hangouts. When the time comes you’ll be able to watch it LIVE in the box […]

    The post Live Chat! Take a Virtual Trip to Milwaukee Irish Fest appeared first on Irish Fireside Travel and Culture.


              Looks para Festas Final de Ano        

    No final de ano as comemorações não param. É festa de confraternização da empresa, dos amigos, da escola das crianças e por aí vai. Nessa correria toda de comprar lembranças, presentes, organizar festas, acabamos esquecendo de olhar no guarda-roupa e ver se temos alguma coisa decente para vestir.
    Lógico que depende muito do lugar e horário que as festas vão acontecer, mas procurei alguns looks casuais e elegantes para usar desde um churrasco até o jantar da empresa. 

    Look 1: Casual x Festa
    A Clutch Dourada é a referência deste look. Observe que ela vestiu bem com vestido de renda e salto alto para jantar à noite. Mas também com macaquinho leve e rasteira para churrasco durante o dia.  

    looks de festa

     
     
    Look 2: Palha Chique
    Chapéu e bolsa de palha não são apenas para praia. Este look é um exemplo de elegância e sutileza, você pode ir às festas beira mar e continuar linda até depois que o sol se por. 

    Look 3: Look Vintage
    Para confraternizações mais formais, sugiro vestidos básicosUse com acessórios poderosos como Clutch Vintage em metal dourado e Maxi Colar Zebra para trazer ousadia no básico. 

     
    Look 4: Look de Gala
    Nada como o rosa para passar o ano com muita ternura e romantismo. Cor singela que transmite muita paz. Fica a dica para quem esta cansado de usar branco no Ano Novo.
     

    Os acessórios, você encontra na loja virtual Chá de Mulher, clique aqui. 


              The Silk Road        

    Aside from my close encounter with a golden eagle, my ten days in Kyrgyzstan involved a lot of walking in the mountains and a lot of layers of clothing as I tried to keep warm at night. The tour mostly involved sleeping in yurts set up on bleak hillsides or in remote valleys. Yurts have been used by the indigenous nomads for many centuries, and the thick layers of felt that cover them do keep out the worst of the cold, but with my relatively skinny frame I needed to wear all the clothes I had packed at the same time to stay warm in the evenings before I burrowed under the layers of blankets they provided for us.

    We experienced other aspects of local culture too, from the food (warming meals with lots of meat and fat) and drink (a mildly fermented mare’s milk which tasted of sheep’s cheese), to the famous horsemanship skills. The latter included leaning from their saddles and picking a small (golf-ball-sized) object off the ground as they galloped past – not always successfully but this skill comes from a game using a decapitated goat which, to be fair, is rather larger than a golf ball. Horses are an integral part of the life of the nomads in Kyrgyzstan and on our walks we came across several young boys on horseback driving flocks of sheep and goats around the mountain-sides.

    We also saw the ancient (restored) caravanserai of Tash Rabat, an atmospheric stone building in the middle of a remote valley – our first introduction to the Silk Route.

    From Kyrgyzstan we travelled to Uzbekistan, only next-door but so very different. We went from green mountains to dry, flat desert, and from moveable felt yurts to solid ancient monuments.

    The name Samarkand evoked for me the same kind of exotic image as Zanzibar and Timbuktu; an almost mythical place.  & it didn't disappoint.  Mosques, mausoleums and madrassas, all magnificently restored with their dazzling blue tiles, competed for my attention with the stories of the famous men who had passed through here: Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Tamerlane...  the Shah -e- Zindar (street of the dead) was especially impressive, full of intricately tiled mausoleums still being visited by pilgrims.

    After Samarkand we visited Bokhara - more mosques and madrassas, but somehow on a smaller, more human scale.  This was a very relaxed place where I felt I could just wander about, or stop in one of its many cafes for a green tea, or even sit on a bench and read my book.  I was working my way through Hopkirk's "The Great Game" - to learn more about the history of the region - and this was brought to life in Bokhara when I visited the 'bug pit' where British officers Connolly and Stoddard were held by the khan for many months before being executed in the square outside the Ark.

    There were some good shopping opportunities here too, with the old madrassas and market domes filled with stalls selling ceramics, carpets, miniature paintings, silk scarves and wonderful embroidered jackets that would unfortunately be totally unsuitable for the hot climate of Dakar.

    In Bokhara I said goodbye to the rest of the group, and continued further west.  A long day's drive through the Kyzyl Kum desert, crossing the great Oxus River, took me to Khiva.  Although the wall is older, most of the buildings within the old city here date on the from the 19th century, but the effect is of somewhere much more ancient.  My hotel was actually in one of the old (or not so old) madrassas, with a wonderful minaret forming a part of it - see photo.

    An interesting practice here was to build tombs on the sloping sides of the city wall.  This meant that the body could not be buried in the ground but had to be laid in the tomb itself, and I was quite surprised when looking into one crumbling old tomb, as I climbed up the wall, to see what appeared very much to be a human thigh-bone, amongst other fragments of broken bone!

    As with the other Silk Road cities, I was surprised to see virtually no other Western tourists.  I was told that this was because most prefer to avoid the August heat and that their numbers would rise in September.  There were plenty of local tourists though, and strangely I was as much of an attraction for them as the monuments, many wanting to be photographed with me.  Then on my final day in the country - in a museum in Tashkent - I was even interviewed for Uzbekistan television, asked my views on Tashkent ceramics (on which I'm a great expert, as you can imagine) and the local way of serving green tea.

    If you're interested, the latter involves only filling the bowl half-full, so when the guest asks for more the host gets the pleasure of serving them a second time.

              Blog Post: Rooted In Shallow Soil        

    Gamers were dumbfounded when PopCap announced it was transplanting the Plants vs. Zombies series from the backyard to the battlefield. To say the multiplayer-shooter spinoff is a huge departure for the casual game developer is an understatement, but the aesthetics and lighthearted tone are a wonderful change of pace for the violence-obsessed genre. Dig beneath the surface, though, and you find some fundamental flaws that hold back this family-friendly shooter.[Excerpt]

    PopCap is known for making highly polished games that virtually anyone can pick up and play. Unfortunately, that equation only rings half true for Garden Warfare. The developer's simplified approach to the genre does away with basic concepts like sprinting, melee attacks, and limited ammo, making it easy for anyone to get into the swing of battle. However, the gameplay is uncharacteristically buggy; players get hung up on other characters and geometry, corpses twitch on the ground, and even the slightest bit of network lag renders some abilities (like the all-star zombie's dash attack) ineffective. A variety of classes and unlockable characters add some nuance to the simple fun, but PopCap's limited mode offerings hamstring replayability.

    Garden Warfare only features two main competitive modes: Team Vanquish and Gardens & Graveyards. Team Vanquish is your run-of-the-mill team deathmatch. Gardens & Graveyards tasks zombies with assaulting a series of consecutive capture points in a map, similar to Battlefield's rush mode. A classic variant of each mode disables upgrades and unlockable characters (making them less interesting), and the beginner mode gives you more health the more you die, but you're still playing one of two basic formulas.

    Gardens & Graveyards is clearly the main attraction. Maps have unique themes, and capture points are built around interesting locations that facilitate large-scale confrontations. Every map features an interesting final objective, such as sneaking five zombies into Crazy Dave's mansion or destroying the roots of a giant sunflower growing inside of a lighthouse. Gardens & Graveyards provides hours of fun, but eventually you get tired of assaulting or defending the same points on the same handful of maps, and Team Vanquish does little to alleviate the boredom.

    Garden Warfare's co-op offerings are equally uninspired. Garden Ops is a four-player horde mode, which tasks players with defending a garden against ten increasingly difficult waves of zombies. Aside from the occasional zombie boss or special wave, you don't have much to draw you in once you've beaten a few matches. 

    Garden Warfare's most interesting twist is how it incorporates the series' tower-defense elements into matches. Players can spawn zombies or plants in designated locations on the map, which then attack opponents autonomously. Unfortunately, these characters are treated as consumable items that players must purchase before matches using Garden Warfare's microtransaction-ready economy.

    The vast majority of Garden Warfare's content is locked behind its PvZ Coin currency. Support plants and zombies, customization items, weapon upgrades, and even new class characters are bought with the coins you earn from matches. However, can't just buy what you want; instead you must purchase blind card packs of varying prices. Consumable card packs give you a handful of zombies and plants to summon during matches, while more expensive packs provide random upgrades or character stickers – though you have to collect all of the stickers for a character before you can actually play as them. Like any good pusher, EA gives you a couple packs for free, but after that the grinding for coins begins.

    This faux free-to-play approach undermines Garden Warfare's promising tower-defense elements. Each plant or zombie you spawn feels like a waste of money; regardless of how helpful they may be on the battlefield, buying consumable packs just holds you back from the larger goal of unlocking more playable characters, which is the only motivator to continue playing after you've learned the maps inside and out.

    Those extra playable characters are worth unlocking. Although they have the same class abilities, each character has its own unique twist on gameplay. For instance, the marine-biologist zombie features a higher rate of fire than the regular scientist zombie, and the fire sunflower deals extra elemental damage. Unfortunately, characters take an exorbitant amount of time to unlock, and because card packs are random, you can't just unlock upgrades or characters for the class you're interested in.

    [View:3255212410001]

    Perhaps the most surprising aspect of the economy is that there's no option to purchase coins with real money, but EA says it may institute such an option in the future. Frankly, I can't imagine a world where that change doesn't happen, but it doesn't really matter. The progression system and tower-defense elements are already broken to accommodate the possibility. Garden Warfare is designed like a free-to-play game, despite the $30 price tag.

    PopCap's approach to class progression also plays out for the worse. Instead of gaining experience points, you level up classes by completing a series of challenges. Things start out easy – deploy five potato mines, kill three plants with rockets – but more specific challenges distract players from what's best for the match and make leveling up a pain. Killing two scientist zombies with a sun beam or shooting down three garlic drones seems easy enough, but what if the other team isn't using those characters? I went entire matches making zero progress with characters simply because the right elements weren't on the battlefield. Some challenges are downright devious; spawning five conehead zombies first requires you to buy consumable card packs until you randomly receive enough of them to complete the challenge. Luckily, you unlock all of the abilities for a class in the first few levels anyway, so you can abandon the progression scheme after that.

    Before the tedium set in, I had fun with Garden Warfare. Spending a few hours with the accessible combat and charming world was entertaining, but the random card packs and achievement-style leveling system killed my desire to keep playing. Garden Warfare's simplified gameplay and limited map selection can only entertain for so long – without rewarding progression, there's no carrot (or brain) at the end of the stick.

    The Xbox 360 Difference
    While both the Xbox One and Xbox 360 versions have their share of problems, the last-gen incarnation fares considerably worse. While testing the 360 version, I ran into increased gameplay bugs, load times, pop-up, and embarrassingly blurry visuals as the game struggled to stream in the high-resolution textures. These shortcomings don’t ruin the experience, but they are significant enough to earn the Xbox 360 entry a lower score than the Xbox One version. 

              Blog Post: Rooted In Shallow Soil        

    Gamers were dumbfounded when PopCap announced it was transplanting the Plants vs. Zombies series from the backyard to the battlefield. To say the multiplayer-shooter spinoff is a huge departure for the casual game developer is an understatement, but the aesthetics and lighthearted tone are a wonderful change of pace for the violence-obsessed genre. Dig beneath the surface, though, and you find some fundamental flaws that hold back this family-friendly shooter.[Excerpt]

    PopCap is known for making highly polished games that virtually anyone can pick up and play. Unfortunately, that equation only rings half true for Garden Warfare. The developer's simplified approach to the genre does away with basic concepts like sprinting, melee attacks, and limited ammo, making it easy for anyone to get into the swing of battle. However, the gameplay is uncharacteristically buggy; players get hung up on other characters and geometry, corpses twitch on the ground, and even the slightest bit of network lag renders some abilities (like the all-star zombie's dash attack) ineffective. A variety of classes and unlockable characters add some nuance to the simple fun, but PopCap's limited mode offerings hamstring replayability.

    Garden Warfare only features two main competitive modes: Team Vanquish and Gardens & Graveyards. Team Vanquish is your run-of-the-mill team deathmatch. Gardens & Graveyards tasks zombies with assaulting a series of consecutive capture points in a map, similar to Battlefield's rush mode. A classic variant of each mode disables upgrades and unlockable characters (making them less interesting), and the beginner mode gives you more health the more you die, but you're still playing one of two basic formulas.

    Gardens & Graveyards is clearly the main attraction. Maps have unique themes, and capture points are built around interesting locations that facilitate large-scale confrontations. Every map features an interesting final objective, such as sneaking five zombies into Crazy Dave's mansion or destroying the roots of a giant sunflower growing inside of a lighthouse. Gardens & Graveyards provides hours of fun, but eventually you get tired of assaulting or defending the same points on the same handful of maps, and Team Vanquish does little to alleviate the boredom.

    Garden Warfare's co-op offerings are equally uninspired. Garden Ops is a four-player horde mode, which tasks players with defending a garden against ten increasingly difficult waves of zombies. Aside from the occasional zombie boss or special wave, you don't have much to draw you in once you've beaten a few matches. The Xbox One-exclusive modes are even more disappointing. The splitscreen mode is an endless version of Garden Ops, where the second player doesn't get to save his or her progress and the boss mode relegates you to providing support to your team during competitive matches from a topdown map of the battlefield.  

    Garden Warfare's most interesting twist is how it incorporates the series' tower-defense elements into matches. Players can spawn zombies or plants in designated locations on the map, which then attack opponents autonomously. Unfortunately, these characters are treated as consumable items that players must purchase before matches using Garden Warfare's microtransaction-ready economy.

    The vast majority of Garden Warfare's content is locked behind its PvZ Coin currency. Support plants and zombies, customization items, weapon upgrades, and even new class characters are bought with the coins you earn from matches. However, can't just buy what you want; instead you must purchase blind card packs of varying prices. Consumable card packs give you a handful of zombies and plants to summon during matches, while more expensive packs provide random upgrades or character stickers – though you have to collect all of the stickers for a character before you can actually play as them. Like any good pusher, EA gives you a couple packs for free, but after that the grinding for coins begins.

    This faux free-to-play approach undermines Garden Warfare's promising tower-defense elements. Each plant or zombie you spawn feels like a waste of money; regardless of how helpful they may be on the battlefield, buying consumable packs just holds you back from the larger goal of unlocking more playable characters, which is the only motivator to continue playing after you've learned the maps inside and out.

    Those extra playable characters are worth unlocking. Although they have the same class abilities, each character has its own unique twist on gameplay. For instance, the marine-biologist zombie features a higher rate of fire than the regular scientist zombie, and the fire sunflower deals extra elemental damage. Unfortunately, characters take an exorbitant amount of time to unlock, and because card packs are random, you can't just unlock upgrades or characters for the class you're interested in.

    [View:3255212410001]

    Perhaps the most surprising aspect of the economy is that there's no option to purchase coins with real money, but EA says it may institute such an option in the future. Frankly, I can't imagine a world where that change doesn't happen, but it doesn't really matter. The progression system and tower-defense elements are already broken to accommodate the possibility. Garden Warfare is designed like a free-to-play game, despite the $40 price tag.

    PopCap's approach to class progression also plays out for the worse. Instead of gaining experience points, you level up classes by completing a series of challenges. Things start out easy – deploy five potato mines, kill three plants with rockets – but more specific challenges distract players from what's best for the match and make leveling up a pain. Killing two scientist zombies with a sun beam or shooting down three garlic drones seems easy enough, but what if the other team isn't using those characters? I went entire matches making zero progress with characters simply because the right elements weren't on the battlefield. Some challenges are downright devious; spawning five conehead zombies first requires you to buy consumable card packs until you randomly receive enough of them to complete the challenge. Luckily, you unlock all of the abilities for a class in the first few levels anyway, so you can abandon the progression scheme after that.

    Before the tedium set in, I had fun with Garden Warfare. Spending a few hours with the accessible combat and charming world was entertaining, but the random card packs and achievement-style leveling system killed my desire to keep playing. Garden Warfare's simplified gameplay and limited map selection can only entertain for so long – without rewarding progression, there's no carrot (or brain) at the end of the stick.


              why we care about what we wear        
    Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie: Why Can't a Smart Woman Love Fashion?
    I had learned a lesson about Western culture: Women who wanted to be taken seriously were supposed to substantiate their seriousness with a studied indifference to appearance. For serious women writers in particular, it was better not to dress well at all, and if you did, then it was best to pretend that you had not put much thought into it. If you spoke of fashion, it had to be either with apology or with the slightest of sneers. The further your choices were from the mainstream, the better. The only circumstance under which caring about clothes was acceptable was when making a statement, creating an image of some sort to be edgy, eclectic, counterculture. It could not merely be about taking pleasure in clothes. ... I dress now thinking of what I like, what I think fits and flatters, what puts me in a good mood. I feel again myself—an idea that is no less true for being a bit hackneyed. I like to think of this, a little fancifully, as going back to my roots. I grew up, after all, in a world in which a woman's seriousness was not incompatible with an interest in appearance; if anything, an interest in appearance was expected of women who wanted to be taken seriously.
    *Pacific Standard - What to Wear? *Avidly/LA Review of Books - Lady Professor Conference Fashions *Racialicious - Haute Couture In The 'Ivory Tower': "The spread presumes that when a professor walks into a classroom she is a blank slate, a model to be adorned in fine clothing and given an identity. The reality is that scholars of color, women, and other groups whose bodies are read as non-normative have never been able to check their race, gender, religion, or sexual orientation at the door. As soon as we walk onto campus, our bodies are read in a certain (often troubling) manner by our students, our colleagues, and school administrators. Our professionalism and our intellectual competence are largely judged by how we style ourselves. Therefore, we are highly aware of how we adorn our bodies. And, like our foremothers and forefathers who innovated with American "street fashions," we, too, use our fashion sense to define ourselves, our professionalism, and our research and teaching agendas on our own terms." Tamara Shayne Kagel: The Feminist's Dilemma: Why We Can't Stop Caring About How We Look
    I find myself constantly trapped in a world where I desperately want to be judged by my work but at the same time, I want other people to think I'm pretty. I'm permanently berating myself for caring about my appearance, because I am aware on a mental level that to care at all is to be superficial. But at the same time, I find myself squirming uncomfortably when I run into someone at the supermarket when I'm a sweaty, disheveled mess... This cognitive dissonance is a state that most modern women inhabit all the time, but refuse to acknowledge. Instead, we talk and write and judge like we live in a post-superficial world. [...] It's a rare breed of woman who truly doesn't care about her appearance, and there are some women who only care about their appearance. But most of us fall in the middle -- wanting to be appreciated and loved and valued for more than how we look, but unable to completely expunge all interest in our outward image. If this is where most of us live, shouldn't we be asking for acceptance to be in this middle space?... Isn't it normal to hope that the picture of you is not taken from a horrible angle the moment you wake up and at the same time be concerned with society's obsession about the ubiquitous worship of an unattainable ideal of the female form?
    Sociological Images - The Balancing Act of Being Female; Or, Why We Have So Many Clothes (previously): "And, of course, all women are going to get it wrong sometimes because the boundaries are moving targets and in the eye of the beholder. What's cheeky in one setting or to one person is flirty in or to another. So women constantly risk getting it wrong, or getting it wrong to someone. So the consequences are always floating out there, worrying us, and sending us to the mall." *This Kind Choice - I Am Woman, Watch Me Shop? Part 1 – The Ever Changing Clothes *Part 2 – Appearance as Identity, A Double-Edged Sword *The Nation - For Women's Office Wear, Who's Making the Rules? *The Atlantic - No, It's Not Sexist to Describe Women Politicians' Clothes *Feministing - Learning to dress "professionally" in a white man's world Already Pretty: Why Caring About Your Appearance Is Valuable to Self-Care
    In order to move through most peopled societies, we are required to wear clothing. Nudist colonies aside, we've all got to get dressed every day if we want to leave our homes for any reason... And in my opinion, since we've got to get dressed anyway, we might as well do it expressively and in ways that feel good. I've said it before, I'll say it again: Dress, grooming, and overall appearance constitute the first levels of information about ourselves that we offer to the observing world. They may not be the most important, but they are the first, which makes them worthy of effort and attention. ...I've already acknowledged that how you look isn't the most important thing about you... But thinking of your body as a brain-and-personality-holder strikes me as short-sighted. Consider this: Someone who focuses virtually all attention, care, and love on their body is generally considered to be vain. So why would focusing virtually all attention on your intellect, creativity, and personality be any less imbalanced? You're not a zombie – a body that moves through life without a functioning brain. But you're also not a brain in a jar – thinking and creating in the abstract alone. You have a body. As long as you are alive you will have a body. In fact, without your body, your intellect and creativity and personality wouldn't exist. Pitting your mind against your body is like cooking up a personal civil war.
    Bridgette Raes - Are You a Devaluist and Don't Even Know It? (Guest Post): "Clothing is often seen as a superficial shell, and fashion a frivolous, flighty thing that gets in the way of the serious stuff. The real stuff. But I don't believe that. I don't believe we can neatly divorce the way we look from the way we live. I believe the way we look is a reflection of the way we live." Dress A Day - You Don't Have to Be Pretty: "You don't owe prettiness to anyone. Not to your boyfriend/spouse/partner, not to your co-workers, especially not to random men on the street. You don't owe it to your mother, you don't owe it to your children, you don't owe it to civilization in general. Prettiness is not a rent you pay for occupying a space marked "female". I'm not saying that you SHOULDN'T be pretty if you want to. (You don't owe UN-prettiness to feminism, in other words.)" (responses to "The Princess Effect", previously on MeFi) *Washington Post - Being informed and fashionable is natural for women *Flavorwire - The Catch-22 of Women's Magazines *Kat Stoeffel - Finally, 'Serious' Women Are Standing Up for Fashion Magazines: "As long as we all need to get dressed each morning, clothing will be a communication tool... Men and women both choose how they deploy the language of fashion; but women, deprived of the suit-as-uniform, still face unique challenges in fashion fluency... Women's magazines — especially when they work with women like Clinton, Abramson, and Mastromonaco — offer other women a map for navigating style and other sexist minefields without compromising their intellectual integrity. For that, we should celebrate them. And if we want to level the playing field, we should start by posing the same "frivolous" questions of men." *Ms. Magazine - If the Clothes Fit: A Feminist Takes on Fashion: "If feminists ignore fashion, we are ceding our power to influence it. Fortunately, history has shown that feminists can, instead, harness fashion and use it for our own political purposes." *GirltalkHQ - Fashion Vs Feminism: Can You Like Both? We Break It Down *Greta Christina - Fashion is a Feminist Issue: "In fact, fashion and style are so much like a language, I'm always a bit baffled when people say things like, "I want to be judged on who I am, not on the clothes I wear." It's a bit like saying, "I want to be judged on who I am, not on the words that come out of my mouth." ...Fashion is a form of expression. A language of sorts. An art form, even. It's also one of the very few art forms/ languages/ forms of expression in which women have more freedom than men... And I don't think it's an accident that it's typically seen as shallow, trivial, and vain." Medium (Backlash Book Club) - And Another Question: What Ever Happened to Pantsuits?: "Faludi writes about fashion as if women were totally subservient to its dictates (and as if its dictates were unified), but, of course, most women—precisely because they are judged so much by their appearance—know how to manipulate, subvert, and use clothes. To some extent, they're tools, like hammers." The New Inquiry, Vol. 20 - Sept. 2013, "Off Brand" issue (link opens PDF file) "We are told we must be clothed, and then that our clothes are not good enough.That fashion is predicated on this cruelty—making luxury of necessity, and necessity of a luxury—makes it as morally questionable as the behavior of foodies. Fine: We accept this. But we are also told that we must be bodies and that our bodies are not good enough, and fashion (at least for those who fit into it) can provide an escape from the disappointment of our flesh. Some of us feel we were born into the wrong body; for that, fashion is the first corrective. For others, fashion is the first rebellion... In selecting appearances, we want not only to be seen but sometimes to be heard before we speak. Fashion can be a weapon of the silenced, even when it is seized and wielded by those who have always talked loudest." *Open Society Initiative for Southern Africa - Fashion for Feminists: How fashion and dress shape women's identities *Migrant Woman Magazine - Asalet Tulaz: I like being the colour of feminism *Buzzfeed - How Iran's Young Women Are Using Fashion To Influence Politics *Minh-Ha T. Pham - Why Fashion Should Stop Trying to be Diverse *À l'allure garçonnière - Fashion Blogging Culture: Demanding Substance Over Style *Tanisha C. Ford - You Betta Werk!: Professors Talk Style Politics: "Below are excerpts from some of the interviews I conducted with women professors of color. Together, these interviews illustrate that studies on fashion and adornment politics offer a powerful lens through which we can explore other important issues such as women's rights, motherhood and relationship status, pleasure and sexuality, and the politics of "respectability."" Alison Bancroft - How Fashion is Queer: "The feminine is as much of a minority interest in culture as it is anywhere else in life. The only exception to this is fashion. This is why fashion is a radical creative space where heterosexual gender binaries are irrelevant and queer is the default setting, and it is also why fashion is routinely denigrated and dismissed." Final Fashion - so, is fashion feminist?: "Why is the visual aspect of fashion so inextricably linked to feminism, and why is it worth considering how to dress like a feminist?" Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie previously on MeFi: the danger of a single story
              Thought for food.        
    Like eating brains? I know you do. Why not add some new dishes to your collection of recipes that use the "fifth quarter?" Despite some negative cultural stereotypes, the practice of eating brains is common in cultures all over the world: Kat-a-Kat is a traditional Pakistani dish containing brains Maghaz Masala is an Arabic course Here is a recipe for Toscano calf brains In France they are known as Cerveaux Chef Mario Batali's restaurant Babbo serves a popular lamb's brains ravioli Sesos in Mexico Some great recipes for Spanish Tortilla Sacromonte Fried brain sandwiches can be found in St. Louis and the Ohio River Valley Australian Slippery Bob This recipe for carpetbag steak would be great with some brains subbed for the oysters Here is an ancient Roman recipe for calf's brains custard German brain soup and brains au gratin Croquettes Lebanese, Syrian and Jordanian recipe for brain omelets Vegan Mock Brains You may be wondering if eating brains is entirely safe. Besides being high in cholesterol, the brain is the main area where prions known to cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathy congregate in the body. In cows it's called Mad Cow disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), Scrapie in sheep, and Chronic Wasting Disease in deer and other wild game. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and Kuru are two forms of spongiform encephalopathy in humans. Kuru was intensely studied among the Fore tribe of Papua New Guinea from the 1950's to the 70's and it was determined that the high instances of it in the tribe were due to their ritual endocannibalistic funeral practices. It has been posited recently that a resistance to prionic diseases may have been selected for in our ancestors, suggesting that cannibalism was not uncommon. Also of interest to cephalovores may be the effects of aerosolizing pork brains and inhaling them, as were recently demonstrated in a pork plant in Austin, MN.
              Guide for Picking The Best Android Phone for You        
    Sony Xperia X10 vs Nexus One vs Motorola Droid vs Acer Liquid vs Archos


    Xperia X10


    Nexus One


    Motorola Droid


    Acer Liquid



    (Updated: 21st Jan 2010) The Android handset landscape has changed drastically over the past year, from a literal handful of options to – the fingers on both your hands, the toes on both your feet and all the mistresses Tiger Woods has had in the past 24 hours (OK, maybe 4 hours). You get the point though, there are quite a few options and through the course of 2010 these options will only increase.


    The only other mainstream handset smartphone option that rivals the Android handset options available in 2010 will be the Windows mobile platform – and we're all rushing for it – not!


    So what are the handsets to consider in 2010? The ones currently released on the market that we will look at are the Acer Liquid and Motorola Droid and an additional three to be released early 2010, the Sony Xperia X10, Google Nexus One (Passion, HTC Bravo) and Archos Phone Tablet – though we only have a handful of details on the phone.



    Archos Phone


    We will look at hardware and software sub-categories, and compare the phones based based on the information we have.


    HARDWARE


    Processor


    The Nexus One and Sony Xperia X10 have the snappier Qualcomm Snapdragon 1Ghz processor onboard. The Acer Liquid has a downclocked version of the Snapdragon running at 728Mhz – perhaps to conserve battery. This would probably put the Acer Liquids performance more on par with the Motorola Droids. The Archos Phone promises to be a really fast phone with an upgraded ARM Cortex processor running at 1Ghz and also with improved GPU over Droid and iPhone.


    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD 8250, 1.0 GHz

    Texas Instruments OMAP 3430 550 Mhz

    Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD 8250, 1.0 GHz

    Qualcomm Snapdragon QSD 8250, 768 MHz

    ARM Cortex 1Ghz


    Graphics


    The Snapdragon's Adreno 200 Graphics core is phenomenal on the triangle render benchmark, coming in with a score of approximately 22 million triangles per/sec compared to approximately 7 million triangles/sec on the Motorola's SGX530. This is an important element for 3D graphics. Interestingly, the iPhone 3GS has a similar CPU to Motorola Droid but an upgraded faster SGX535 GPU which is capable of 28 million triangles/sec and 400 M Pixels/sec. Archos may get better SGX GPU.


    Xperia X-10 Graphics Demo


    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Adreno 200 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

    PowerVR SGX530 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

    Adreno 200 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

    Adreno 200 Graphics Core with OpenGLES 2.0

    PowerVR SGX540?

    22 M Triangles/sec

    7 M Triangles/sec

    22 M Triangles/sec

    22 M Triangles/sec

    35 M Triangles/sec

    133 M Pixels/sec

    250 M Pixels/sec

    133 M Pixels/sec

    133 M Pixels/sec

    1000 M Pixels/sec

    HD Decode (720p)

    HD Decode (720p)

    HD Decode (720p)

    HD Decode (720p)



    3-D Graphics Benchmark









    Motorola Droid 20.7 FPS (Android 2.0).

    Nexus One 27.6 FPS. (Android 2.1)

    Acer Liquid 34 FPS. (Android 1.6)

    Xperia X10 34FPS+ est. (Android 1.6)



    Note: All phones tested running WVGA resolution 480 x 800 or 480 X 854. Different versions of Android will be a factor e.g. Android 2.0 + reproduces 16 million colors vs 56K for 1.6. Older phones such as G1, iPhone 3GS may score 25-30 FPS but they use lower 480 X 320 resolution.



    Memory/Storage


    The Nexus One comes in with an impeccable 512MB of RAM. This provides an element of future proofing for the hardware and puts it in a league of its own. The Xperia X10 comes with 1GB of ROM and 384 MB of RAM. The 1GB means you'll be able to have twice as many apps on your phone until Google lets you save on your removable memory. The Acer Liquid and Droid are more or less the same.




    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    RAM

    512 MB

    256 MB

    384 MB

    256 MB


    Flash

    512 MB

    512 MB

    1024 MB

    512 MB



    Display


    The Nexus One uses an AMOLED screen which provides crispy images and more saturated colors than a TFT-LCD. It's also more energy efficient. Xperia X10 packs a 4.0 inch TFT screen with 854 x 480 resolution. Expect similar picture quality to the Motorola Droid for the Sony Ericson phone. The Archos Phone promises to deliver an interesting experience that could potentially make it the King of Androids.



    Spot the difference: Top TFT-LCD screen and bottom OLED



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    800 x 480 px, 3.7 in (94 mm), WVGA,

    AMOLED

    854 x 480 px, 3.7 in (94 mm), WVGA,

    TFT-LCD

    854 x 480 px, 4.0 in (102 mm), WVGA,

    TFT-LCD

    800 x 480 px, 3.5 in (89 mm), WVGA,

    TFT-LCD

    854x 480px, 4.3 in (109mm), WVGA, AMOLED



    Display Input


    All standard stuff here. All are pretty much Capacitative with multi-Touch depending on the continent you buy your phone from.



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Capacitative, Multi-Touch

    Capacitative, Multi-Touch

    Capacitative, Multi-Touch

    Capacitative, Multi-Touch

    Capacitative, Multi-Touch



    Battery


    The Xperia X10 has the largest battery – and might I add likely the best quality battery from the lot. It's the same battery used in the Xperia X1 and it performed admirable. Talk time for the Nexus One is very good and we expect the Xperia X10 to match this or be marginally better. Of concern is Nexus Ones 3G stand-by time of 250 hours. It's worse than the other phones but not bad at a little over 10 days! Updated 21st Jan 2010 - confirmed Xperia battery times. Xperia more or less performs at the same level as the other Android phones, delivering 5 hours talk time.


    Sony 1500 mAh Battery




    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    mAh

    1400 Li-Po

    1400 Li-Po

    1500 Li-Po

    1350 Li-Po


    Talk/Standby 3G

    hrs/hrs

    7/250

    5/380

    5/300

    5/400




    Communication


    The phones are all capable of 3.5G (HSDPA 7.2 Mbit/s) data transfer. The Motorola Droid and Sony Xperia X10 can give you a little bit extra supporting 10.2 Mbit/s data transfer. Obviously the network must exist to support these speeds. Motorola is the only one with Class 12 EDGE, but this is not too important in this day and age of 3G.




    Nexus One, Bravo

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    HSDPA (Mbit/s)

    7.2 (1700 band)

    10.2

    10.2

    7.2


    HSUPA

    2.0 - 5.76

    2.0-5.76

    2.0-5.76

    2.0-5.76


    GSM

    (850, 900,1800,1900)

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    EDGE

    Class 10

    Class 12

    Class 10

    Class 10


    UMTS band 1/4/8

    (2100/AWS/900)

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    GPS

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    Network

    3-3.5G

    3-3.5G

    3-3.5G

    3-3.5G




    Connectivity:Bluetooth/Wifi


    Nexus One is the only Android phone that currently offers 802.11n connectivity. In fact, I can't think of any other phone out there that also has 802.11n. This might be the Google Talk phone we all thought was heading our way after all! All phones have either bluetooth 2.0 or 2.1. These will essentially be the same as far as data transfer (3 Mbit/s) is concerned. Version 2.1 offers better power efficiency though and a few other enhancements.


    Nexus One - Broadcom 802.11n



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Bluetooth

    2.1 + EDR

    2.1 + EDR

    2.1 + EDR

    2.0 + EDR

    Y

    802.11 b

    Y

    Y

    Y

    N

    Y

    802.11 g

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y

    802.11 n

    Y

    N

    N

    N

    Y


    Ports/Connectors/Sensors


    The 2GB shipped micro-SD card with the Acer Liquid is unrealistic by todays standards. The Motorola Droid offers the best deal with a 16GB micro-SD. The Sony Xperia X10 is shipped with an 8GB micro-SD card, but remember the Xperia X10 also has that slightly bigger 1GB flash memory on-board as well for and impressive total of 9GB expandable to a total of 33GB. Google decided to save on costs by only offering a 4GB micro-SD card with the Nexus One, but if the idea is to compete against the iPhone then 8GB should be the minimum. Clearly the Motorola is on the right track with 16GB shipped, and you can't ignore the impressive 1GB ROM on the Xperia X10.


    SanDisk working on 128GB Micro-SD




    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Sim Card

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y

    3.5 mm jack

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Micro USB

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    Shipped Micro SD/Supported (GB)

    4/32

    Class 2

    16/32

    Class 6

    8/32

    Unknown

    2/32

    Class 2


    Unknown

    Light Sensor

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    Proximity Sensor

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    Compass

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    Accelerometer

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y


    Cell/Wifi Positioning

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y

    Y



    Case Material


    The Motorola metal case is the sturdiest. Build quality for the Nexus One and Xperia X10 is very good. The Xperia X10 has a refelective plastic whilst the Nexus one is more industrial with teflon and metal on the bottom. Acer Liquid has average build quality, but that was always the intention with the Liquid in order to keep manufacturing costs low.



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Rubber/Plastic

    Metal

    Plastic

    Plastic



    Keyboard


    If you want a physical keyboard then the Droid is your only choice in the list. The keys on the Droid keyboard are basically flush so you don't get the comfortable key separation feel on a Blackberry keyboard. The others (Droid as well) have virtual keyboards which work in portrait or landscape mode.



    Droid Slide-out keyboard



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Virtual

    Physical

    Virtual

    Virtual

    Virtual


    Camera


    The Xperia X10 is one of the best camera phones. Sony used it's camera know how for their new smartphone lineup and it will be hard to match-up against Sony unless the other guys partner up with someone like Canon. The X10 comes with an 8.1 mp camera with X 16 digital zoom. The software has also been changed from standard Android to include typical camera options. Also included are a four face detection feature that recognizes faces in a photo and appropriately tags/files the photo. Motorola Droid comes in with a 5 mp camera with X4 digital zoom compared to the 5mp and x2 digital zoom on the Nexus One.



    Xperia X10 sample photo

    ***Additional Photos***



    Motorola Droid sample photo



    Nexus One sample photo



    Acer Liquid sample photo




    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Megapixel

    5

    5

    8.1

    5


    Zoom

    X 2

    X 4

    x16

    1


    Flash

    Y

    Y (dual)

    Y

    Y



    Video


    Video wise, the Nexus One, Motorola Droid and Xperia will perform roughly the same.














    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Video Res.

    720x480

    720x480

    800x480

    320x240


    Flash

    Y

    Y

    Y

    N




    Size/Height/Weight



    Lightest and thinest is the Nexus one. Motorola is weighed down by the metal used. They all are roughly the same size as the iPhone 3Gs which comes in at 115.5 x 62.1 x 12.3 mm and weighs 135g.



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Height (mm)

    119

    115.8

    119

    115


    Width (mm)

    59.8

    60

    63

    62.5


    Depth (mm)

    11.5

    13.7

    13

    12.5

    10

    Weight (g)

    130

    169

    135

    135




    SOFTWARE


    OS Level


    Nexus One has the most current OS level at 2.1. Motorola Droid is expected to upgrade soon as well as the Acer Liquid. The heavily customized Xperia X10 will be more of a challenge to upgrade to 2.1 because of the heavy customization.



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    2.1

    2

    1.6

    1.6




    Customization


    Xperia X10 shines as far as demonstrating how customizable Android really is. The other 3 phones have very few changes to the standard Android OS.


    Sony TimeScape/MediaScape



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    None

    None

    Rachael UI

    Acer UI 3.0



    Application Market


    We are likely to see more App market emerge. Sony currently leads the way and Motorola and HTC (Nexus One) will follow suit as well.



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Android Market

    Android Market

    PlayNow, Android Market

    Android Market



    Media


    Mediascape is an ambitious effort to add decent media functionality to Android. Sony succeeds and also introduces a fun way to organize your media. Acer has Spinlet which is not as complex as Mediascape.



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Android

    Android

    MediaScape

    Spinlet



    Social Networking


    Sony again leds the customization way with Timescape. This is another good job by Sony to add extra functionality to Android. Timescape helps manage your contacts better and brings social networking and contacts onto one application.



    Nexus One

    Motorola Droid

    Sony Xperia X10

    Acer Liquid

    Archos Phone

    Android

    Android

    TimeScape

    Android





              Inside E-Learning di Giugno, una nuova opportunità per fare formazione smart        
    Torna l’appuntamento con l’apprendimento virtuale promosso da Inside Factory Tutto sull’ICT in 9 webinar dal 12 al 28 giugno. Pillole formative fruibili in qualsiasi luogo, da ogni device. Le sessioni sono sempre più specifiche, la formazione in continua evoluzione. Benvenuta alla nuova edizione di Inside E-Learning di Giugno, 9 corsi professionali online per perfezionare la […]

              The new Coco Rocha-first shooting        

     The new Coco Rocha-Mihaela


     This was Mihaela's first shooting and she did a great job! I love her natural copper hair and the freshness young girls these days virtually lack. 
    I also think she looks like Coco Rocha a bit, don't you?

    Prima sedinta foto a Mihaelei, putin timida , dar s-a descurcat de minune .Eu zic ca daca isi doreste sa lucreze in domeniu, are mari sanse sa ajunga departe. Imi place nuanta de cupru a parului ei ,trasaturile fine, feminine, si naturalete ceea ce multe fete din ziua de azi nu mai au.
    Mie mi se pare ca seamana putin cu Coco Rocha, voi ce ziceti?



     Great news from Romwe too, check the details below










    Happy Easter day
    http://www.romwe.com/f5--Happy-Easter-c-500.html

    Up to 75%off. Hurry up!

    More than 1000 styles. There is always a suitable one for you!
    Start from Apr 15th, end on Apr 22nd.

    Shipping within 24 hours.

    By the way, the white lace blouse in 3D embroidery will be $11.99 on April 17th, save 64%.

    http://www.romwe.com/o4--romwe-hollowout-lace-crochet-white-blouse-p-66056.html

              Sua marca é muito importante. LogoTipo Profissional        
    Ter seu negócio online deve ser de suma importância para quem é um empreendedor.
    Em artigo anterior apresentamos a Loja Virtual Revenda Leilão Online, criada pela Css Padrões junto com o Magento Desvendado.
    Como primamos pelo perfeito funcionamento e designer da loja não poderiamos deixar o Logotipo da Loja em desacordo com o todo. Para isso, precisamos de valores humanos em certas áreas especificas.
    Os Blogs em que sempre estamos dando uma olhada para avaliação de layouts ou para deixarmos um comentário, nos ajudaram a encontrar a pessoa certa para desenvolver esse trabalho de suma importância.
    Depois de apreciar, o espetacular trabalho de Johnny Rox, na preparação e tratamento das imagens em The Lord of the Links parte 1 - A Sociedade do Manoel, não tivemos dúvida em convida-lo a realizar o Logo Tipo da Revenda Leilões e de outros trabalhos que publicaremos aqui.
    Veja o primeiro Logotipo:

    E veja agora como ficou com o toque, todo especial de Johnny Rox:


    Belo trabalho!

    Subscreva o CSS-Desvendado completo!
    Subscreva CSS - Desvendado por Email
              Projeto Revenda Leilão em Magento - E-commerce        
    Depois de algumas semanas sem postar no blog, volto com mais um projeto em conjunto com Magento Desvendado.
    Revenda Leilão é uma Loja Virtual para revendedores de produtos em sites e-commerce. Uma grande sacada do seu proprietário, já que, a maioria dos vendedores deste genero procuram fornecedores fora do Brasil.
    O projeto do Layout foi desenvolvido pela CSS Padrões sobre uma Grid de 958px com espaçamentos de 6px.
    O código e inclusões de modulos ficou a cargo da Magento Desvendado, que tambem faz parte do Grupo da CP.
    Com certeza um trabalho, que ainda não está de todo pronto, mas que nos orgulha imensamente.

    Subscreva o CSS-Desvendado completo!
    Subscreva CSS - Desvendado por Email
              CSS Padrões está qualificada para a plataforma MAGENTO        
    Durante muito tempo, quando se falava em Loja Virtual o primeiro nome que viria à cabeça era OS-COMMERCE.
    Um ótimo sistema de loja online, sem dúvidas, mas agora existe o Magento. Uma plataforma modular com muitos recursos para uma loja realmente profissional.
    A CssPadrões está qualificada para confecção de Layout/Templates, configuração e instalação desta plataforma.
    Em breve aqui no blog será postados artigos dos trabalhos que estão sendo realizados neste mês que entra.
    Ao todo estamos trabalhando em 4 projetos de lojas de clientes, que querem entrar no mundo das vendas online de forma profissional.
    O primeiro projeto, que ainda está em fase de implatação e desenho, é a Boutique CAZO.
    Uma características de nossas lojas são:

    • Layouts totalmente diferenciados

    • Manutenção total ao cliente

    • Aprendizado de como operar a loja com o próprio programador

    • Preços que cabem para qualquer bolso



    Em artigos futuros mais informações.

    Subscreva o CSS-Desvendado completo!
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              Usando uma Grid Gráfica efetivamente        
    As Grids economizam tempo e stress na hora de conceber um projeto. Projetos como, lojas virtuais, blogs e sites complexos, tendem a tomar muitos meses para confecção, mas com uso de grids o tempo é reduzido em 50%.

    Grids nos dão uma visão geral de espaçamentos, margens e divs que devemos criar. Muitos pensam que o desenvolvimento de um projeto começa com o código XHTML ou CSS.
    O processo todo começa com um Winframe, que seria o desenho do site em um editor de imagens.
    O editor de imagem nos da a capacidade de trabalhar por camadas, então a Grid pode ficar na camada mais baixa e assim podemos colocar os elementos em cima dela.
    Vamos analizar este projeto que fiz para um cliente.


     Os elementos principais de uma Loja Virtual são as promoções e produtos. A grid foi elaborada em cima desses itens.
    • Na parte de baixo, perto do Footer existem caixas para 4 produtos e uma caixa que pega 2 unidades para a newslleter.
    • A partir daí a grid que tem unidades de 152px e espaçamento de 6px, conseguimos estilizar o menu no topo com harmonia.
    • Além disso a regra dos terços, usada muito em fotografia, foi utilizada para dar equilíbrio no Layout.
    • Fazendo as somas de unidades nossa grid ficou com largura de 954px com unidades de 152px e espaçamentos de 6px.
    • Abaixo do banner temos um div que contém 3 blocos de 310px que farão referências e promoções, novidade e cadastramento de revendedores. Veja que com a grid fica mais fácil de saber quais divs devem ser criadas e em que tamanho.
    • O full_banner está incompleto de propósito para este artigo para que vocês possam ver, que com a grid, a visão de onde colocar, textos e imagens, fica mais clara.
    Está é a forma que se usa Grids para grandes projetos ou para projetos pequenos.
    Vocês devem ter entendido o uso das Grids já nos primeiros artigos, pois não houve muitas perguntas e nem dúvidas.
    Usem grids e bom trabalho!

    Subscreva o CSS-Desvendado completo! Subscreva CSS - Desvendado por Email
              The Future Is Now: Five Awesome Uses Of Virtual Reality In Marketing        
    Augmented and virtual realityis technology that is becoming far more important to the societal landscape than just gaming. It's found its way into the marketing arena as a heavyweight implementation tool as well. I've written extensively on how Pokemon GO provided small businesses with opportunities to leverage the augmented reality [...]
              Comment on Taking a Virtual Road Trip with Accelerometers by Kathy Putta        
    This is awesome, Lynn. What type of accelerometers did you get and were you happy with them?
              JNMS and Maxi-MMC updates        
    This weekend I fixed some disc emulation issues for the JNMS and Maxi-MMC boards. I had previously erroneously identified these two boards but they are different.

    The JNMS board is the one in the CDI 180 player (also called the JNMS player). It is not used in any other player and contains a CDIC (CD Interface Controller) chip but no SLAVE processor.

    The Maxi-MMC board is the one in the CDI 601 and 602 players. From the emulation point of view it is virtually identical to the Mini-MMC board used by the CDI 605 player, but it has a different CDIC chip version. Both boards contain a SLAVE processor.

    The link between the JNMS and Maxi-MMC boards is the CDIC chip: both turn out to have the same older CDIC chip version that differs in a few details from the version used on the Mini-MMC and Mono-I boards players (I described these differences in the earlier “CD-i 180 disc playing” post).

    I noticed the JNMS / Maxi-MMC link from the CD-i player type table in the July 1996 issue of The Interactive Engineer (it’s on the ICDIA site); turns out I had misinterpreted the Board column on page 4 (there’s also an error there: the 601/602 certainly do not have the 180 board!).

    After noticing this I did some testing and it turns out that the CDIC modifications needed for the 180 also work for the 601, including the TOC reading problem.

    I have yet to find a way to get chip version information from the CDIC chip itself, so for the time being I’ve keyed the differences on the SLAVE software version. The 180 has no such chip, the 601 has version 1.x where the 605 has version 3.x. For now I’ve assumed that version 2.x also uses the older CDIC chip, but that may be wrong (the 602 or 604 might be interesting test cases).

    Having done that, I did some more digging into the TOC read issue. It turns out that the 601 ROM performs CRC validation on the subcode Q data from the lead-in area (which is where the TOC is stored), and CD-i Emulator didn’t provide a valid CRC (no other ROMs I’ve seen so far validate this in software). The ROM even has compensation for shifts of between 1 and 7 bits in the incoming subcode Q data, probably because of some hardware timing issue.

    I also noticed a bug in the ROM: it always uses the first sector buffer because it takes the current buffer bit from the wrong memory location. Not that this really matters because the TOC data is repeated multiple times; half of the repetitions will always land in the first buffer anyway. The bug is fixed in the 605 ROM.

    Generating a valid CRC turned out to be straightforward (it’s just a simple CRC-CCITT calculation), but the ROM wouldn’t recognize it! After some head scratching I focused on the ROXL instruction (Rotate Left with Extend) used in the validation code. It is quite an esoteric instruction; could it be that there was an emulation bug here? It turns out that there was indeed; during rotation the contents of the X flag where put in the wrong bit. After fixing this the ROM properly recognized the data and the TOC reads became just as quick as other player models.

    In search of version information for the CDIC chip I looked at the emulations and found one potential point of interest: the release number displayed by the service shell. This is a special GUI shell that performs some service functions; you can get to it by inserting a specially wired test plug into input port 1.

    After some digging I found that the service shell obtains this number from the SLAVE processor, so it probably does not directly correspond to a CDIC version. The number does appear to differ from other version numbers, though, at least on my two 605 players.

    The service shell obtains this number using two special I$SetStt calls into the CDIC driver; extending CD-i Link to remotely perform these same calls was easy. The new -cds[tatus] option can now be used to make the special calls. Here's some representative output of the -cds A3 option:

    CD status A3000000 -> A3320000

    Extending CD-i Link with remote OS9 calls is actually a fairly easy way to perform some information and tracing actions; I will probably use it for sorting out other dangling issues in the near future. When possible, this technique avoids the problems of writing a fullblown memory-resident trace module.

    A new public beta release of CD-i Emulator that has full JNMS and Maxi-MMC support (among other things) is scheduled before the end of this year; there are still a few other issues that need sorting out first. This release should also have better support for the PCDI board used by several portable players, including the CD-i 370.

    The major player holes still remaining are the Sony IVO-10/11 players, the Kyocera player, the Bang&Olufsen TV/player combi and of course the I2M board. There is some perspective for all of these but they are not high priority; except for the latter I expect all of them to be minor hardware variations of existing boards.

    The I2M board has the interesting feature that it has multiple "ROMs" downloaded from the PC software (which is available for download from ICDIA); it also has a very different way of reading from CD as this is handled by the PC. As a consequence of this, audio is probably also handled differently. I have this board booting to a blue screen where it hangs on host communication.
              CD-i floppy inventory        
    Last weekend I future-proofed my CD-i floppy collection. A bit to my surprise, all floppies except one turned out to be perfectly readable (nearly twenty years after they were last written!). Luckily, the one exception was a backup copy so I didn’t lose any contents.

    I had originally intended to use the borrowed CDI 182 unit for this (it has two floppy drives). The primary motivation for this was that my unstowed CDI 605 could not read beyond track zero of any floppy, but after giving the matter some thought I decided to try my other CDI 605 first, the primary motivation for this being speed (see below). It turned out that this 605 could read the floppies perfectly, including the three 38U0 format ones that gave problems on the 182 unit. Microware has defined a number of OS-9 disk formats for floppies, the 38U0 one supposedly being the “universal” 3.5" format (there is also a 58U0 “universal” 5¼" format).

    The problem with the “universal” formats is that track zero can be (and on my floppies, is) in a different density which makes it a bad fit for most tools, both on CD-i and PC. It also means that only 79 tracks are used for data storage, giving a raw capacity of 79 × 2 × 16 × 256 = 632 KB. The 3803 format used by all my other CD-i floppies uses all 80 tracks and consequently has 8 KB more of raw storage for a total of 640 KB (these are both double-density, double-side formats (DS, DD) with 16 sectors of 256 bytes per track like nearly all OS-9 disk formats).

    Before unstowing my other CDI 605 (it was nearly at the bottom of a 150 cm stowed equipment stack) I tried reading the floppies with my trusty old Windows 98 machine which still has floppy drives. I could not quickly find a DOS tool that handled the 256 byte sectors (not even raread and friends), although I suspect that Sydex’s TELEDISK product would have handled it just fine. I also tried Reischke’s OS9MAX which should handle all OS-9 formats under the sun according to its documentation. The demo version ran under MS-DOS and gave me working directory listings, even for the 38U0 floppies, but it does not support actually reading the files and I am somewhat doubtful about the current availability of the paid-for full version (even apart from cost concerns).

    Why did I decide to use the 605? It was not a question of reading the disks (the 182 did this mostly fine) but of handling the data thus read. The 182 unit has a SCSI connector but I have no drivers for it (yet) and dumping my full floppy collection over the serial port did not really appeal to me for speed and reliability reasons (it could have been done, of course).

    The 605 player has a SCSI connector and includes drivers for it so I could have just connected it to the SCSI disk in my E1 emulator and copied the floppies to hard disk (I would still have needed to transfer them to my laptop which would have been a two-step process via the Windows 98 PC as I have no SCSI connection on my laptop).

    Instead I used the BNC network connector of the 605 to directly transfer floppy images to my laptop (it needs a network switch supporting both a BNC connector and the modern RJ45 connectors, but luckily I have two of those, even if they are only 10 Mbit/s). Starting up the network environment of the 605 took only two OS-9 commands at the command shell prompt:
    ispmode /le0 addr=10.0.0.120
    mbinstall
    After this I could just ftp in to my laptop where I ran ftpdmin, a very minimal ftp server program, and transfer floppy disk images directly:
    ftp 10.0.0.110
    bin
    put /d0@ floppy.dsk
    (where /d0@ is the raw floppy device, for 38U0 I used /d0uv@, both are built-in for the 605).

    The transfers ran at the maximum speed of the floppy drive (way below the 10 Mbit/s network speed), and the resulting .dsk files are perfectly readable using the –v option (virtual disk) of Carey Bloodworth’s os9.exe program even though that program was originally written for Tandy Color Computer OS9/6809 floppies (the floppy disk format was not changed for OS-9/68000 which is at the core of CD-i’s CD-RTOS operating system).

    For easy access I also created a “tar” format archive of each floppy on a RAM disk:
    chd /d0
    tar cvf /r768/floppy.tar .
    and ftp’d those to my laptop as well (the /r768 device is a 768 KB variation of the /r512 built-in 512 KB RAM disk device of the 605 player).

    I ended up with the following collection of unique floppy disk images:
    • 605h3 - 605 H3 Driver Update (1 floppy)
    • 605upd - 605 Driver Update (1 floppy)
    • bcase - Basecase Tests (1 floppy)
    • eboot41 - Emulation Boot Diskette (1 floppy)
    • eburn41 - Emulation and CDD 521 Boot Diskette (1 floppy)
    • inet - CD-I Internet Installation Disk - V1.3 (1 floppy)
    • nfs - OS-9/68000 Network File System V.1.0 (1 floppy)
    • os9sys - OS-9 System Diskette (1 floppy)
    • pubsoft - OptImage Public Domain Software (2 floppies)
    • pvpak - OptImage Preview Pak Installation Disk (1 floppy)
    • ubridge - OS-9 UniBridge Resident Utilities (3 floppies)

    The 605* and eb* floppies are mostly interesting for CD-i 605 or E1 emulator owners, but the bcase floppy contains a set of CD-i standard conformance test programs that.

    The inet and nfs floppies contain a full set of Internet software including Telnet and FTP servers and clients and an NFS client (all except the latter are also in the 605 ROMs).

    The os9sys floppy contains a full set of Professional OS-9 programs and is my original source for most of the OS-9 CD-i disc that I described earlier (most of these are not in ROM on any CD-i player that I’ve seen so far).

    The pubsoft floppies contain miscellanous utilities such as bfed, du, kermit, umacs and vi, most of which can be obtained elsewhere, some CD-i specific utilities such as da (CD-i disk analyzer) and iffinfo (CD-i IFF file dumper) as well as library source files for the CD-i IFF file library.

    The pvpak floppy contains preview software for CD-i images that will preview CD-i IFF files from an NFS-mounted host file system directory.

    The ubridge floppies are the goldmine (and also the 38U0 format ones) as they contain a full set of native Microware C compiler/assembler/linker/debugger software for OS-9 complete with CD-i header files and libraries and C runtime startup sources. Both the srcdbg and sysdbg debuggers are included as well as the rdump utility for dumping ROFF (Relocatable Object File Format) files.

    Unfortunately, most of the above software except for the pubsoft contents is copyrighted property of Microware (now Radisys) or OptImage (a former Philips/Microware joint venture) which means that I cannot distribute it, even though they could be very useful to CD-i homebrew developers. For that the hopefully soon-to-be available GCC cross-port will have to be enough...

    While investigating all of the above I also stumbled upon a 450 MB OS-9 hard disk image for MediaWorkshop. The os9.exe program recognizes it just enough to say that it does not support it so I have no real idea about its contents except the obvious.

    To remedy that problem I’m in the process of adding SCSI disk support to CD-i emulator so that I can use the SCSI support in the CD-i 605 ROMs to mount the disk image and look at it. This should also allow the CD-i 180 to boot from a SCSI disk if I ever find drivers for it (a possible path to that has just appeared, we’ll see...).
              Housecleaning        
    Today I did some housecleaning for the upcoming beta, which I'm still hoping to release before the end of this month.

    I decided to keep the current somewhat buggy MPEG decoding stuff in the beta, which meant that I had to clean up the MPEG ROM detection logic so that it actually works (until now I always used the -dvc option to explicitly force the DVC model).

    The MPEG ROM detector will now only use the supplied "dummy" xmpeg.rom file if it cannot find another recognized ?mpeg*.rom file. If it does find such a file, the DVC type will now be displayed in the CD-i Emulator title bar (GMPEG, IMPEG, VMPEG). For GMPEG the AH0x number is also displayed, as the AH00/AH01 cartridges are very different from the AH02/AH03 ones.

    Some little-known DVC tidbits:
    - The Philips CD-i 370 uses VMPEG hardware but at a different memory address
    - The Philips CD-i 615 uses IMPEG hardware but the ROM also contains non-FMV software
    - The DVS VE-200 and LG GDI-700 use IMPEG hardware but at a different memory address

    More details on the state of the MPEG emulation will be available in the beta release notes.

    Earlier I had started using a manifest file to get a newer common controls DLL, thus modernizing the visual "look" of CD-i Emulator somewhat. However, this caused Windows Vista and Windows 7 to stop using "virtual store" redirection of the cdiemu.ini file which broke all settings stuff (including the recently used list).

    Today I figured out that leaving out the UAC "requested level" entry from the manifest restores the "virtual store" redirection. This is good enough for this beta.

    I also killed the "file registration" code because it would hijack any existing non-beta registration (this has nothing to do with licensing but with the way Windows finds executables to open certain files).

    Finally, I added video decode skip validation. This gets a bit technical...

    In CD-i players, video decoding steals bus cycles and thus slows down the machine. The amount of bus cycles stolen depends on the video mode, pixel repeat settings and, for run-length modes, on the actual data.

    If the emulation starts to lag behind, CD-i Emulator starts skipping the decoding of video frames. Previously, I used a "worse-case" estimate for the number of stolen bus cycles in this case. However, this introduces problems with input recording and playback: if frame skipping differs (which is almost guaranteed to be the case), the playback will start to "drift" from the recording. Over many frames this will result in an incorrect playback.

    I coded a "SkipLine" routine that does no actual video decoding like "DecodeLine" but it does decode just enough to accurately determine the number of stolen bus cycles. This routine is now used when the video frame is skipped.

    The validation consists of running both routines when the video frame is not being skipped and ensuring that both "steal" the same number of bus cycles.
              Aulas – novidade!        
    As aulas oferecidas aqui pelo atelier podem ser compradas pela loja virtual. Mas atenção, as aulas continuam presenciais. Apenas disponibilizei o pagamento pela loja virtual. E aí, gostou da novidade? Para saber mais, clique aqui!
              SATAN, the Strong Man        
    A new MP3 sermon from Freely We Give Broadcast is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:

    Title: SATAN, the Strong Man
    Subtitle: Early radio message
    Speaker: G. D. Fulton
    Broadcaster: Freely We Give Broadcast
    Event: Radio Broadcast
    Date: 1/10/1984
    Bible: Luke 11:21-22
    Length: 23 min. (64kbps)

    Overview: SATAN IS A STRONG MAN. Many underestimate his power and cunning devices whereby he seeks to control and trip up believers. He already has control of the unsaved, and comes and goes in their lives virtually as he pleases. ONLY OUR SOVEREIGN LORD is great enough to defeat Satan.
              Begin an All-Out Search for the Lord        
    A new MP3 sermon from Freely We Give Broadcast is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:

    Title: Begin an All-Out Search for the Lord
    Speaker: G. D. Fulton
    Broadcaster: Freely We Give Broadcast
    Event: Radio Broadcast
    Date: 5/13/1986
    Bible: Psalm 24:3-6; Isaiah 55:6-7
    Length: 15 min. (64kbps)

    Overview: Have you ever taken out time to SEEK AFTER THE LORD until you found HIM- Dear friends, this all-out search for the Lord is virtually unknown in the religion of the present hour. There is a little -dedication- to Jesus by walking to the front of a church ... but how about a DAILY seeking after HIM- ----BE SURE OF THIS- It is the person who will not be denied a personal relationship with Christ who truly finds Him. Take time out NOW to begin a search for Christ, for the Scripture holds out hope to SEEKERS - seek Him with all your heart -Jeremiah 29-13-.-----God that made the world ... hath made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth- and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation- THAT THEY SHOULD SEEK THE LORD, if haply they might feel after him and find him, though he be not far from every one of us- -Acts 17-24-27-.----The probabilities for you, dear listener, are that if you NEVER TAKE OUT TIME FOR AN ALL-OUT SEARCH you'll never know the Lord- -He that seeketh findeth, and to him that knocketh it shall be opened- -Luke 11-10-.
              VirtualBox vs Hyper-v: which is best for resource utilization        
    none
              A crucial week for justice        
    On Tuesday we'll see if our elected political representatives yet again undo the good work of our unelected representatives as the Legal Aid Bill returns to the Commons for MPs to consider the Lords' amendments.

    Peers made changes to the Bill that would mean that the worst of the legal aid cuts in the legislation would be removed. Access to legal aid and the way that it is delivered would be protected for those who have suffered domestic violence, for vulnerable children and for disabled people.

    The government will be no doubt keen to use financial privilege as an excuse to overturn these changes like they did recently to reverse changes to their controversial welfare reforms. However, if costs are to be used as an excuse as removing access to free legal advice to hundreds of thousands of people when they need it most, perhaps Ministers should consider the £43 million spent on consultants by the MoJ in the last year and the £12m that's been wasted an an e-Working system that is years behind schedule and has virtually collapsed.

    What's really happening to our legal system here of course is that it is becoming increasingly the preserve of those who are able to pay for it. As Heather Brooke pointed out last week, while 140 local courts have been closed and legal aid is cut, £300m has been invested in the Rolls Building (home of the failed e-Working system) which is to handle high-end commercial disputes for a mostly foreign clientele.

    It's not just Russian Oligarchs that are benefiting from changes to our justice system. The Association of British Insurers has admitted it will profit from the legal aid cuts. Last year it was revealed that the Justice Minister responsible for driving through these reforms, Jonathan Djanogly will personally profit from the plans as he has a personal stake in the insurance industry. Now that's what I call financial privilege.

    Possibly the best hope of amendments - like Baroness Scotland's that ensures victims of domestic violence have access to legal aid and former Paralympian Tanya Grey Thompson's that ensures those who are eligible aren't forced to phone a call centre for advice - surviving the glare of the coalition is the lack of time Parliament has been able to afford to the legislation between the Easter break and the end of this parliamentary session. Who says MPs having long holidays is a bad thing!

    If you'd like to contact your MP to ensure we don't lose out on legal aid when we need it most visit the 38 degrees site ahead of Tuesday's vote.
              Wifi Password Hack v2.3.2 Latest        
    Wifi Password Hack
    Wifi Password Hack v2.3.2 Latest | 4.99 MB

    How to hack a Wifi password? This is not a easy task, so after many years we have crated a very interesting program. This program is called Password Hack v5 and Wifi hack wiil be piece a cake.

    Tutorial:
    Step 1: Just point your mouse to the social buttons bellow!
    Step 2: Click and the installation process will begin
    Next you must open the program and enter SSID code. The you only need to click “start” and the password will be broken.

    How to hack a Wi-Fi network and how to find it’s password?

    First, let me tell you what Wi-Fi is! Wi-fi is a recent technology used by gadgets to connect to the Internet without the use of wires. The Wi-Fi Alliance says that Wi-Fi represent “any wireless local area network (WLAN) products that are based on the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) 802.11 standards”. Because many WLAN use the same standard, WLAN became a synonym for the Wi-Fi word. Interbrand invented Wi-Fi as a play on words with Hi-Fi (high fidelity), and also created the Wi-Fi logo. This certified trademark can be used only by those Wi-Fi adaptors which pass the Wi-Fi Alliance tests and standards. If it has to do with a connected cable, then the Wi-Fi network is much more vulnerable to hackers attacks. Sites which aren’t sertified with SSL and are usually unencrypted are those which will try to steal the Wi-Fi password and any other private datas such as images or account passworrds. Even this intruder will try to take them, it will be harder for them if the router is protected with WPA, WPA2 or WEP encyption security. An extra feature extra from 2007, known as Wi-Fi Shielded Startup (WPS), experienced a serious catch in which let a great hacker to recoupy the actual router. The latest router devices come with the strongest protection ever known and are very hard for hackers to be breaken into. That’s, of course, if you don’t change the password with which is proveded. Ussualy, the routers have generic names and passwords such as the brand or name of the router, or even admin or 1234 as username and password.

    The Wi-Fi is used nowdays for devices such as PC, Video Console such as PS 2, Ps 3, Xbox 360, PS portable (except the E-1000 one) and any other console which have 3G or Wi-Fi connection toghether with laptops and smart and non-smart phones. Those devices can access the Wi-Fi by using the sho called hotspots, where free internet is ussually given by restaurants or Internet providers. You need to be within 100 m to receive the signal, and it can only be received outdoors. What you receive indoors is the signal of a neighbour’s router, not a hotspot one. Hotspots can have low signals (10-20 meters) to strong signals, which take a few kilometers.
    Any device which has Wi-Fi connectivity can receive Internet signal from this hotspots. The interconected devices are called hang-outs and can be seen each other for distances of over several miles. Outdoor open public Wi-Fi technologies have been used properly with wifi mesh networks with Liverpool, London, and gennerally in the big cities from all the United Kngdom. Wi-Fi is a great way for companies to promote their businessess; it’s very clear that, if there are two restaurants with the same prices and services, but one have also Wi-Fi connectivity, the one with the Wi-Fi will win. And it is not too expensive to provide Wi-Fi, just connect the Internet cable to a router and let it flow. Enthusiasts or perhaps specialists who want to offer products and services or even to enhance company with selected parts at times offer no cost Wi-Fi gain access to. Also there are companies which, in exchage for space used by antena’s on the rooftop of the flat of blocks, gife free internet in that flat. The are radions risks but who cares when you have free Internet, right? I thought so!
    If you want to aquire a router, take a brand one, like Belkin or D-link, because the no-name chinese ones are very vulnerable to hacker attacks and can break easely. Don’t risk to lose all your money from the bank accounts or images with your daughter naked posted on the Internet just because you did’t wanted to spend a couple of extra pennies at the right time.

    The same can apply to a mobile, battery powerd router, which is included in every cellphone existent. Many phone provider give free traffic for their clients in WAP, 2G, 3G or even 4G connectivity, depending on the country you live. Almost all smartphones have nowdays a easy OS to use such as Android, iOS, and the now dead Symbian OS, which make possible to connect to any Wi-Fi decive and also to interconnect. Internet pucksgive separate services in this sort at the same time, without use of any touch screen phone; these include this MiFi, as well as WiBro branded equipment. Out there are also many devices such as notebooks, ultrabooks and even laptops which use Wi-Fi to find any information the users want.

    Now, let’s turn back to the topic of this article. How to hack a Wi-Fi network and how to find it’s password? This is a question many people asked. But now you don;t have to ask yourself anymore. Here is the sollution to all those frustrating days when you were at countrysite, isolated from the rest of the world and you found just a single, slow router. And that was passworded too. Then you and your phone are useless. That’s why our team of developers invented the most powerfull tool on the internet:

    Wi-Fi password Hack v5. With a beautifull design, a silverish skin and a blueish font, this is one hack which is very, vet, very easy to use! Even my granddaughter Mary managed to use it in order to play with her virtual friends on the Internet. What do you have to do? First, type the SSID of the router. Ussualy is admin or the model of the router: you can just find it by scanning with the Windows utilities. Next, choose the security type: it could be WEP, WEP 2 or even WSK, it depends on the router. It doesn’t matter what type of security is, every type is hackable. Next, press on Start hacking and the program will handle you the password. Now you have free internet. Congratulations!

    Download Link
              Windows Doctor 2.7.5 Final With Activator        
    Windows Doctor
    Windows Doctor 2.7.5 Final With Activator | 7.52 MB

    Windows Doctor is the perfect solution to all kinds of registry problems. Its advanced scan engine is able to scan your entire registry within a few seconds to identify every single registry error and safely repair them for you. With Windows Doctor, you’ll see immediate increases in performance and decreases in system conflicts. It will make your computer run as fluently as new and error-free. Windows Doctor applies the most professional and effective registry cleaner to solve your registry problem. Editing registry items is a highly risky task in that improperly modifying registry items may cause severe system damages. Windows Doctor knows the right way to deal with Windows registry. With a professionally designed scan engine, it carefully screens out the system-sensitive entries and accurately identifies and removes registry errors to boost Windows performance and eliminates Windows freezes and hangs. Windows Doctor guarantees 100% safety and effectiveness.

    In addition to the registry cleaner, Windows Doctor provides many other useful tools to optimize your Windows so that you don’t need to spend extra money on the expensive single-task software.
    • History Cleaner can clean all tracks of your activities to protect your privacy and improve PC performance;
    • Shortcuts cleaner identifies and removes the annoying redundant shortcuts that point to non-existent or invalid files.
    • Registry Defragger will defragment your registry to acquire linear registry structure, reduce application respond time and registry access time.
    • Start-up Manager allows you to easily inspect, delete or temporarily disable the start-up programs.
    • Uninstall Manager can safely remove the unwanted applications installed on your computer.
    • System Optimizer allows you to optimize your system settings, and as a result, boosts your system speed and improves system performance.
    • IE Manager can easily repair your IE problems as well as settings changed by malicious websites.
    • Additionally, Windows Doctor collects a list of very useful system tools to help you better manage your computer, such as Disk Cleanup, Disk Defragmenter, DirectX Diagnostic Tool, Registry Editor, etc.

    Registry Cleaner – Fix PC Errors & Boost System Performance
    • Professionally designed scan engine will scan your entire registry within a few seconds.
    • A comprehensive error report after scan will list the found registry errors in 20 categories
    • User is allowed to easily sort the error report according to 10 different attributes
    • Powerful registry fixer will quickly fix all registry problems with one simple click
    • For advanced computer users, it provides more freedom by allowing user to select items to fix by himself.

    Windows Doctor will fix all the registry errors that cause system instability, PC errors, crashes, system slowdown, including but not limited to:
    • Invalid User software settings
    • Invalid class keys
    • Invalid system software settings
    • Invalid fonts
    • Invalid browser helper objects
    • Invalid start-up programs
    • Invalid custom control settings
    • ActiveX errors
    • Errors in uninstall sections
    • Obsolete history lists
    • Shared DLL errors
    • Invalid file paths
    • Sound and AppEvents errors
    • Invalid file extensions
    • Startup popup window
    • Invalid software locations
    • Invalid System settings
    • Windows services error
    • Invalid help and resources
    • Invalid virtual devices
    • Empty registry keys
    • Invalid device drivers

    System Optimizer allows you to optimize your system settings, and as a result, boosts your system speed and improves system performance. The System Optimizer will optimize the following settings to speed up your system:
    • Automatically end hung applications
    • Enable UDMA66 support
    • Optimize Internet connection
    • Force Windows to Unload DLLs from Memory
    • Speed up Windows refresh
    • Speed up browsing remote computers
    • Speed up loading internet explorer pages
    • Speed up the menu show delay
    • Boost up the Windows prefetcher service

    OS: Windows 2000. XP, Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 32-bit and 64-bit.

    Download Link
              Monitor UltraSharp U2515H y VMware        

    Hola a todos... Envío una pregunta para algún técnico de DELL dispuesto a realizar una aclaración sobre sus monitores UltraSharp. Ya he intentado llamar al Servicio Técnico de DELL pero han hecho caso omiso a mi petición. Os explico:

    Hasta hace poco estaba trabajando sin problemas con un monitor DELL de 24 pulgada no UltraSharp, pero hace 2 semanas he cambiado dicho monitor por un U2515H UltraSharp.

    El tema es que desde el cambio, me ha sido imposible administrar los servidores virtuales de mi empresa desde el cliente vSphere de VMWare. Los servidores aparecían cortados y no conseguía ver la imagen completa.

    He desinstalado la aplicación, la he vuelto a poner, he realizado limpieza del PC, he cambiado resoluciones, etc... En fin, infinitas pruebas.

    Ante dicho problema, decidí llamar al Servicio Técnico el cual se desentendió del problema diciendo que dicho problema era causado por mi software... Mi respuesta era que cómo podía ser mi software si hacía 3 semanas estaba funcionando perfectamente con otro monitor DELL.

    Entonces me di cuenta de la diferencia... En el antiguo monitor estaba funcionando con conexión VGA y en este nuevo monitor he comenzado a utilizar las conexiones DP y Mini-DP.

    Me instalé una nueva tarjeta gráfica con HDMI y realicé la conexión con dicho puerto... Problema solucionado!!!

    Me gustaría que alguien comentase si le ha sucedido algo igual con dicho monitor y que, por favor, DELL reconozca su error con dicho tipo de conexiones.

    El Servicio Técnico de DELL debería ver un poco más allá de su nariz y escuchar más a los clientes y saber cuando investigar un poco. Actualmente se escudan en sus respuestas tipo ensayadas una y otra vez para quitarse a los clientes y sus problemas de encima.

    Sirva este texto como queja del Servicio Técnico... Al final el problema me lo he solucionado yo, pero DELL debería aclarar que si alguien esta pensando en comprarse un DELL U2515H para administrar servidores virtuales a través del cliente vSphere teniendo dicho monitor conectado por el puerto DP o mini-DP, mejor que no lo haga ya que no podrá trabajar correctamente.

    Quedo a la espera de vuestros comentarios. Saludos,


              FreedomWorks Presents FreedomFraud Awards        

    FreedomWorks today announced the FreedomFraud Award winners for this year: Sens. Rob Portman (R-Ohio), Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska), and Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.), Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.), Sen. Dean Heller (R-Utah), and Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.). This is the counterpart to the FreedomFighter Awards.

    The FreedomFraud Awards recognize the height of political fraud by senators who voted to defend ObamaCare by voting against a bill virtually the same as one they supported less than two years ago. While protected by Barack Obama’s veto, they supported ObamaCare and railed against it. Now that President Trump supports the bill, they have exposed themselves as political liars.

    FreedomWorks Vice President of Legislative Affairs Jason Pye delivered the awards to senators’ offices Friday afternoon. You can see an archived live stream here. Eligibility for the award is based purely on whether senators campaigned on repeal and voted for this bill less than two years ago and opposed it when it could have passed.

    “These people committed the greatest political fraud in American history,” said Jason Pye. “Republican politics has focused on repealing ObamaCare for the better part of a decade. There were frequent votes to repeal ObamaCare. These senators showed great contempt for their constituents by going against everything they’ve stood for on ObamaCare repeal.”

    After the 2015 bill passed, Sen. Rob Portman (R-Ohio) said, “I'm for repealing this broken law and replacing it with something better that gives patients more choice, decreases costs and increases access to quality, affordable care.”

    After the 2015 bill passed, Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-Ala.) said, “This law is not affordable for anyone in Alaska. That is why I will support the bill that repeals the ACA and wipes out its harmful impacts. I can’t watch premiums for Alaskans shoot up by 30 percent or more each year, see businesses artificially constrained, or see the quality of public education decline.”

    After the 2015 bill passed, Sen. Shelley Moore Capito (R-W.Va.) said, “I am glad that a repeal bill will finally reach the president’s desk.”

    Sen. John McCain (R-Ariz.) said, “It is clear that any serious attempt to improve our health care system must begin with a full repeal and replacement of Obamacare, and I will continue fighting on behalf of the people of Arizona to achieve it.”

    Sen. Dean Heller (R-Nev.) said, “This DC bureaucrat-driven healthcare system will only result in limited health care choices and higher costs for Nevadans.”

    Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.) said , “The wisest course is to repeal Obamacare and replace it step by step with solutions that lower health care costs.”


              Key Vote YES on the ObamaCare Repeal Reconciliation Act, Amendment 271 to H.R. 1628        

    On behalf of FreedomWorks’ activist community, I urge you to contact your senators and ask them to vote YES on the ObamaCare Repeal Reconciliation Act. This language will be offered as an amendment to H.R. 1628.

    This amendment is virtually identical to the 2015 ObamaCare repeal bill – the Restoring Americans’ Healthcare Freedom Reconciliation Act, H.R. 3762. This bill passed the Senate by a vote of 52 to 47, with only two unsurprising Republican defections.

    For more than seven years, Republicans successfully campaigned on ObamaCare repeal. They made floor speeches in support of repeal, and they voted to pass a repeal bill less than two years ago. Grassroots conservative activists are not going to accept excuses if Republicans fail to pass a bill that they have passed once before.

    The ObamaCare Repeal Reconciliation Act would repeal much of ObamaCare – including the tax and cost sharing subsidies, Medicaid expansion, and the taxes that came with the law – with a two-year delay to pass a replacement. This delay provides more than ample time to reach an agreement on a replacement bill or package.

    President Donald Trump has indicated that he will sign a 2015-style ObamaCare bill into law. Senate Republicans should do as they did in December 2015 and pass a bill that delivers on their frequent promises to repeal ObamaCare.

    FreedomWorks will triple-weight the votes for the ObamaCare Repeal Reconciliation Act. Additionally, FreedomWorks reserves the right to retroactively key vote any amendments during the so-called “vote-a-rama.” The scorecard is used to determine eligibility for the FreedomFighter Award, which recognizes Members of the House and Senate who consistently vote to support economic freedom and individual liberty.

    Sincerely,

    Adam Brandon, President, FreedomWorks


              Capitol Hill Update: July 24, 2017        

    Schedule:

    The House and Senate are in session this week.

    There are five (5) legislative days remaining for the House before the August recess and 53 legislative days remaining in the year. The Senate will supposedly work through the first two weeks of the August recess.

    House:

    The FY 2018 budget resolution, dubbed "Building a Better America," was marked up and approved by the Budget Committee on Thursday in a party-line vote. The budget would reduce the budget deficit by $6.5 trillion over the ten-year budget window and eventually come into balance in FY 2027, creating a $9 billion surplus.

    Perhaps one of the most important components of the budget is that it begins the reconciliation process for fundamental tax reform. There are also reconciliation instructions for 11 House committees to find roughly $200 billion savings or reforms in mandatory spending.

    The FY 2018 budget resolution isn't on the calendar for the week. It's unclear if House Republican leaders will bring it to the floor.

    Additionally, the 21st Century Aviation Innovation, Reform, and Reauthorization (AIRR) Act, H.R. 2997, introduced by Transportation and Infrastructure Committee Chairman Bill Shuster (R-Pa.) could come to the floor for a vote this week. The bill reauthorizes the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and reforms the United States' out of date air traffic control (ATC) system. FreedomWorks has released a key vote in support of the 21st AIRR Act.

    On Monday, the House will consider 17 bills on the suspension calendar. Most of the bills on the suspension calendar related to veterans or active military issues. There are three bills on the suspension calendar that relate to small businesses and investment. The House will also consider the Intelligence Authorization Act, H.R. 3180, sponsored by Intelligence Committee Chairman Devin Nunes (R-Calif.) on suspension.

    There are three bills on the suspension calendar for Tuesday, including the Medicare Part B Improvement Act, H.R. 3178, sponsored by Ways and Means Chairman Kevin Brady (R-Texas), and a yet-to-be-numbered resolution that will impose sanctions on Russia, Iran, and North Korea.

    The House will also consider H.J.Res. 111, a resolution of disapproval under the Congressional Review Act, to cancel the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau's (CFPB) giveaway to trial lawyers. The rule put restrictions on the use of arbitration to settle disputes over consumer products. This would lead to more class-action lawsuits, benefiting trial lawyers and hurting consumers. FreedomWorks has signed a coalition letter in support of H.J.Res. 111 and will likely include the vote on our 2017 Congressional Scorecard.

    For the balance of the week, the House will consider at least four more bills on the suspension calendar. The Make America Secure Appropriations Act, H.R. 3219, will also come to the floor. This is the consolidated appropriations bill, or "minibus," for the Department of Defense, the Legislative Branch, Military Construction and Veterans Affairs, and Energy and Water. Like virtually every other bill to come to the floor this year under "regular order," the Make America Secure Appropriations Act is subject to a rule to limit or prevent amendments from the floor.

    On Thursday at 10:00 am, the Judiciary Committee will hold a hearing entitled "The Need for the Balanced Budget Amendment." The witness list for the hearing has not yet been announced. Twelve constitutional amendments have been introduced in the House that would require a balanced budget. Chairman Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.) is the sponsor of two of them, H.J.Res. 1 and H.J.Res. 2. Rep. Justin Amash (R-Mich.), the primary sponsor of H.J.Res. 15, is among the House conservatives who have introduced a balanced budget amendment.

    The committee and subcommittee schedule for the week can be found here.

    Senate:

    Presumably, the Senate will vote this week on the motion to proceed to the House-passed version of H.R. 1628. It's still unclear on what happens next. A vote to proceed to the House-passed version has always been the first step. The next step will be for an amendment to the bill that will substitute the language of either the Better Care Reconciliation Act or language similar to the 2015 ObamaCare repeal bill, now called the ObamaCare Repeal Reconciliation Act. FreedomWorks' key vote on the motion to proceed applies only if the base text that will be substituted is similar to the 2015 ObamaCare repeal bill.

    At least a few Senate Republicans have backed away from their votes for the 2015 ObamaCare repeal bill, which was passed in December 2015 with the support of all but two Republicans, including Sen. Susan Collins. Moderate Republicans who refuse to vote for the 2015 ObamaCare repeal bill have demanded $200 billion in Medicaid funding offered by Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.) to get them to support the Better Care Reconciliation Act.

    Some parts of the Better Care Reconciliation Act are in limbo, however, as the Senate parliamentarian has apparently ruled that provisions limiting funding for Planned Parenthood and tax credits for plans that cover abortion will require 60 votes. Other provisions that may require 60 votes include the State Innovation Waivers. Many of these provisions can be altered to make them withstand a Byrd rule challenge, as was done in 2015.

    The Senate still has several nominees to consider and, on the legislative front, the FDA Reauthorization Act, S. 934; the National Defense Reauthorization Act; and the debt ceiling are among the items awaiting action.

    Separately, Senate Democrats are rolling out their "better deal" economic agenda today, which is a rehashing and repackaging of virtually every leftist policy proposal in recent years. The agenda is Democrats' attempt to find a message after a string of special election losses around the country.

    The full committee schedule for the week can be found here.


              SCHWENKLER – O MAGO DO 3D        
    Nº74 MOTO REPORT Fevereiro 2008
    Nº47 MAGIK TUNNING PLUS Março 2008

    Na edição anterior revelámos o talento de um jovem português e a sua paixão pela criação de motos através do método da realidade virtual. Nesta edição terminamos o tema mostrando aquilo que será o expoente máximo, ao nível mundial, e aquilo que um homem e um computador, juntos, são capazes de fazer. Fomos ao encontro de quem faz das suas criações 3D um modo de vida. Na América, Russ Schwenkler (ou “Dangeruss”, que é como gosta de ser chamado no meio), fez uma pausa no seu trabalho para nos revelar alguns segredos da sua magia.

    «Sempre tive um fascínio enorme por tudo o que estivesse relacionado com veículos. Em criança coleccionava miniaturas e desenhava eu próprio veículos agressivos. Agora que tenho 46 anos, tenho de admitir… faço a mesma coisa. É engraçado ter conseguido combinar o meu trabalho artístico com o entusiasmo que tenho por máquinas com motor. Profissionalmente os meus desenhos destinam-se a empresas de desenvolvimento na indústria do car tuning, fabricantes de brinquedos, fabricantes de jogos para PC e consolas, e empresas de web design.»

    MOTO REPORT: É motociclista?
    DANGERUSS: Sou desde 1986. Tive uma data de motos desportivas. A última foi uma Suzuki GSXR1000, com muita potência e muitas alterações personalizadas. Infelizmente os ladrões entraram na minha garagem e levaram-na. Limparam tudo desde os meus capacetes, fatos de cabedal, ferramentas, etc. Ainda não a substituí, mas a nova Ducati 848 é bastante tentadora. Fora as motos sou praticante regular de BTT.
    MR: Quando se iniciou no 3D?
    D: Foi em 1990. Tive de aprender modelação 3D para o meu emprego de então. Comecei com o 3D Studio® para o MS-DOS®. Na altura não havia o Google®, por isso eu não podia pesquisar pelas centenas de recursos que existem hoje em dia, à distância de um clique. Aprendi por tentativa e erro. Eu sou um admirador do estilo realista (pintura) e com o 3D conseguimos atingir um nível de realismo muito bom e com menor esforço do que se utilizássemos as técnicas de pintura. Há partes da modulação 3D que são comuns, e por isso são aproveitadas. As opções para acrescentar brilho, reflexos ou sombras, simplificam muito o trabalho. É claramente melhor para o artista.
    MR: Por que precisam os seus clientes de imagens 3D dos produtos que eles próprios fabricam?
    D: Eu tenho trabalhado com todos os vectores (principais, complementares e derivados) da indústria automóvel. Muitos clientes vêm ter comigo para que eu conceba algo que vai existir, mas ainda não existe. Eles esperam, ou necessitam, ver um conceito ou uma imagem antes de ela ser transposta para o mundo real. Por exemplo, a capa e o material promocional de um jogo de corridas para a X-BOX 360® necessitava de um determinado carro. O carro não existia na vida real, mas era importante que aparecesse e que mostrasse uma lista específica de patrocínios, determinadas cores, e que estivesse inserido num ambiente gráfico altamente estilizado. O carro tinha de parecer altamente real, preferencialmente tinha de aparecer numa situação de velocidade. Ora, usando técnicas de modelação 3D, foi-me possível criar este ambiente de fantasia, não sendo portanto necessário construir um carro real, pagar a um piloto e a um fotógrafo, alugar o espaço e retocar o resultado final.
    MR: Quanto custa desenhar uma moto?
    D: A resposta a essa pergunta não é simples. Para um projecto 3D normal, facilmente despendo quarenta horas para moldar as formas, mais doze horas para acabamentos realísticos e materiais. Como cobro aos clientes por hora, quase sempre os trabalhos ultrapassam os 2.600 euros, mas tudo depende do nível de detalhe. É como quando vamos comprar uma casa.
    MR: Que software usa actualmente?
    D: Desde o início da minha carreira que uso 3D Studio® e o 3D Studio MAX® da Autodesk®. Já devo ter actualizado as versões mais de uma dúzia de vezes. Para mim, são as que funcionam melhor pois, como ferramentas, são muito poderosas e a capacidade de integrar situações e contextos é literalmente infinita. Para arte digital 2D uso, maioritariamente o Adobe Photoshop CS2® e recorro ao Adobe Illustrator® para tarefas tecnicamente mais precisas como logótipos.
    MR: E hardware? A renderização de imagens pode demorar horas infindáveis…
    D: Com efeito é preciso alguma potência ao nível da máquina. Actualmente uso 2 processadores Intel® Core Duo® a 3.0GHZ com 4GB de RAM e uma placa gráfica aceleradora bastante dispendiosa. Trabalho em simultâneo com dois monitores Flat-Panel de 22 polegadas.
    MR: Que parte do seu trabalho o entusiasma mais?
    D: Eu gosto muito de dois aspectos do meu trabalho. Primeiro, é a arte realística. Entusiasma-me criar imagens que mais tarde podem passar a fotos. Adoro incluir o máximo de detalhes possível. Segundo, e em oposição, adoro desenhar motos e outros veículos fantásticos e agressivos, com aerodinâmicas exageradas e pormenores de competição acima da média. Muitas vezes esses veículos têm origens muito humildes. É engraçado pegar num Fiat e transformá-lo num carro de corridas de milhões de dólares.
    MR: Já alguma vez criou uma moto para si ou alguém pegou numa das suas motos originais e a mandou construir?
    D: Eu não faço muitas criações originais. A maior parte do meu trabalho assenta em desenhos já existentes, ou em modificações dos mesmos. Portanto não há nenhuma criação original minha a rodar na estrada. Mas estou a trabalhar com um australiano que quer produzir um Super Car baseado num Corvette. Tenho-me dedicado à parte da carroçaria. Se alguma vez ele conseguir realizar o projecto será espantoso!
    MR: Qual a relevância actualmente do 3D?
    D: Nenhuma moto é construída sem ferramentas 3D CAD (Computer Aided Design). A visualização 3D é usada em muitos sectores para produzir imagens indistinguíveis de fotografias. São usadas em anúncios de TV, outdoors, filmes de cinema etc. Os construtores de motos conseguem mostrar imagens das suas mais recentes criações antes mesmo de os protótipos estarem construídos. Com este recurso, os fabricantes conseguem determinar a dimensão ideal para os componentes das suas motos, como se interligam com outros componentes, quais as cores que jogam melhor, que tipos de jantes servem os melhores propósitos das motos, qual a suspensão mais adequada, e tudo isto sem a moto estar ainda construída. Depois de construída, em termos reais, e como disse, acaba por ser mais barato recorrer a imagens 3D do que expedir uma moto para um local exótico e preparar uma vasta equipa técnica para fotografá-la.
    MR: Vê-se a si próprio mais como um artista ou como um especialista gráfico?
    D: Creio que um pouco de cada. Para mim 3D e arte digital são formas de arte perfeitamente legítimas. Como para criar imagens 3D é necessária uma grande dose de técnica, acontece que a actividade não é tanto encarada do ponto de vista artístico, mas mais como uma sequência de inputs precisos. Quem manipula 3D tens de criar, literalmente, ou tem de instruir a aplicação para produzir absolutamente tudo. Todos os objectos de cena têm de ser introduzidos, os materiais aplicados, luzes, reflexos, sombras, cenários, operação de câmara, texturas, ângulos, efeito atmosférico, etc. E para tudo isto não há nos programas um botão que diga: “Fazer Arte”.
    © Todos os direitos do texto estão reservados para MOTO REPORT, uma publicação da JPJ EDITORA. Contacto para adquirir edições já publicadas: +351 253 215 466.
    © General Moto, by Hélder Dias da Silva 2008

              MODELAÇÃO 3D - CRIATIVIDADE MADE IN PORTUGAL        
    Nº73 MOTO REPORT Janeiro 2008

    Hélder Rodrigues reside em Vila Nova de Gaia e ocupa os seus tempos livres criando, por computação gráfica, protótipos tridimensionais de motos que a sua imaginação vai concebendo. Sem qualquer pretensão comercial, partilha estas motos de sonho com quem queira visitar o seu blogue, http://3dabrincar.blogspot.com/. Por mera carolice e paixão, mas a um nível de criatividade tal que poderá, eventualmente, criar inveja a alguns designers de
    conceituadas marcas internacionais.


    Génesis
    «Sempre adorei desenhar. Não é a toa que sou desenhador de profissão. E então passava a vida a desenhar motos e carros e adorava aquilo. Até que certo dia estava a ver um programa de televisão sobre a evolução das motos e aparece uma imagem de um desenhador a trabalhar num modelo 3D de uma moto. Achei aquilo tão interessante que comecei logo a pesquisar com amigos e familiares sobre os programas de 3D. Infelizmente foi em vão, porque comecei a aperceber-me da complexidade dos mesmos e do difícil que era aprender a trabalhar com eles. Como também, na altura, não tinha a possibilidade de ter um computador… nada feito. Mas não desisti e alguns anos mais tarde comecei, no meu trabalho, a utilizar um programa de desenho em computador, o AutoCAD®, que me ajudou a começar a desenvolver os conhecimentos necessários para me iniciar, finalmente, no 3D. Depois de muitas horas, a experimentar e a aprender sozinho, sobre como dar a volta aos problemas que encontrava, surgiu a oportunidade de começar a sério no mundo maravilhoso do 3D. Para primeiro trabalho escolhi construir, de raiz, uma moto a partir de um modelo que tinha em casa. Nada mais do que uma NSR 250R de competição. É claro que não ficou nada de especial e nem a consegui acabar, mas para mim era um orgulho enorme mostrar a minha obra a toda a gente. Parecia uma criança que conseguiu descer um escorrega sozinha, e só queria que toda a gente visse. Mas a criança já tinha 27 anos…»

    Percurso
    Hélder Rodrigues tem evoluído de forma sustentada. Hoje em dia continua a utilizar o Auto-CAD®, para a parte da modelação e concepção dos modelos, mas usa também o 3DStudio®, para a parte final de aplicação de materiais e criação de imagens que na gíria são conhecidas por renders. Depois utiliza o PhotoShop® para, apenas, colocar as referências do modelo, no topo das imagens. Para cada modelo despende entre uma semana a dois meses, conforme a disponibilidade que tem e a complexidade do trabalho. A falta de tempo é precisamente o motivo que o tem impedido de “migrar” as suas motos do suporte virtual para um suporte físico, mesmo à escala. Como Hélder refere: «entre idealizar novas motos ou construir fisicamente o modelo, tenho optado sempre por idealizar
    novas motos.»

    Futuro
    Em relação aos planos de futuro, este criador é peremptório: «Vou continuar a criar as minhas motos. Estão-me sempre a surgir novas ideias e, com calma, vou concretizando e publicando no meu blogue para que todos as possam ver.»

    Sonho
    «Eu penso que quem tem gosto e desenha motos originais, tem sempre o desejo de um dia as ver concretizadas. É esse também o meu desejo. Gostaria muito de um dia as trazer à realidade (nem que fosse um único modelo). Quem sabe um dia... É uma esperança que não quero perder.».

    HR9 GP (o “GP” já diz tudo…)
    «Quando comecei esta moto não tinha na ideia designá-la de GP (Grand Prix). Isso surgiu logo no instante em que modelei a carenagem frontal e me apercebi que com uns pequenos ajustes poderia fazer uma moto de competição pura e dura, ao estilo MotoGP.» Pura e dura, mas também elegante e viva, acrescentamos nós.

    STF (a pioneira)
    A primeira moto que concebeu de raiz foi criada com a intenção de concorrer a uma iniciativa, promovida pela Ducati, que se chamava Design Your Dream Ducati. Para base dessa moto usou um característico quadro em treliça. Quanto à escolha do modelo, tinha que ser algo que a marca ainda não possuísse, portanto, pensou em inventar um modelo ao estilo street-fighter.

    STF II (a evolução da pioneira)
    É a evolução do primeiro modelo, mas só tem mesmo a designação em comum. Tudo o resto é diferente, a começar pelo look, bastante mais agressivo e bem ao estilo das street-fighters mais radicais. A suspensão da frente é uma evolução da ideia iniciada na HR3 Minotaur, tendo o Hélder Rodrigues optado, neste caso, por colocar apenas um apoio na roda, sendo a traseira também constituída por um mono-braço, prestando maior destaque à jante.

    STF II R (a racing)
    Esta é a versão “R” da STF II. Hélder Rodrigues explicou-nos que «as carenagens laterais foram aumentadas para que, conjuntamente com a frontal, proporcionassem uma melhor protecção aerodinâmica. Foi também incluído um deflector por baixo da moto que contribuirá para a estabilidade em altas velocidades. Claro que se este modelo fosse real, nesta versão, o motor, as suspensões e outros componentes teriam que ser melhoradas.»

    HR10 V8 (ousada)
    «Cada vez mais se começam a ver mais propostas de nakeds potentes e imponentes das grandes marcas. Então resolvi criar uma moto nessa linha de orientação mas distinta das demais. Foi assim que surgiu a ideia de um motor V8, algo exagerado se calhar, mas, na realidade, um compacto motor longitudinal de 8 cilindros em V com uma cilindrada de 1400cc e uma potência desejável de cerca de 200cv. No aspecto geral da moto a minha maior preocupação foi a de criar uma silhueta muito elegante e fluida mas ao mesmo tempo com um aspecto robusto. Na realidade se esta moto fosse construída seria um pequeno monstro…»

    HR8 Shark (inspiração marinha)
    Quando Hélder Rodrigues começou a esboçar esta moto, pretendia dar-lhe um aspecto algo diferente daquele a que normalmente se associa uma moto semi-carenada. «As linhas da carenagem fazem lembrar a zona da boca de um tubarão e é daí que vem o nome deste modelo», refere. Esteticamente é um modelo que se caracteriza por uma zona frontal bastante elegante e robusta contra uma traseira minimalista. O seu autor adianta ainda que «a panela de escape está colocada por baixo do motor por dois motivos: para retirar as ponteiras da lateral da moto, para que se acentue o aspecto limpo da traseira, e por causa da distribuição de massas. Deste modo todo o peso está equilibrado o que dará, também, um maior equilíbrio dinâmico. A panela de escape, devido ao seu formato, serve também de deflector de ar.»

    HR3 Minotaur (a criação que deu mais gozo)
    «Esta foi a moto que me deu mais gozo fazer e foi a única cuja construção e resultado final ficou exactamente como a tinha imaginado. É que por vezes imagino uma coisa mas depois, na fase de modelação, é complicado dar a forma de maneira a ficar exactamente como a tinha imaginado.»

    HR11 Evolution (a sucessora da HR3 Minotaur)
    Como a HR3 Minotaur recolheu muitos comentários elogiosos, Hélder decidiu-se a criar uma nova moto a partir da ideia base utilizada na HR3. «Da HR3 ficou apenas o conceito e as jantes, tudo o resto foi feito de novo e ao contrário do sucedido com a Minotaur, foi tudo pensado para que no final a moto ficasse bem mais fluida e funcional», acrescenta. queno monstro…».

    HR7 (a mais… normal)
    Uma desportiva de linhas agressivas. É provavelmente a moto mais equilibrada em todo o seu conjunto.


    © Todos os direitos do texto estão reservados para MOTO REPORT, uma publicação da JPJ EDITORA. Contacto para adquirir edições já publicadas: +351 253 215 466.
    © General Moto, by Hélder Dias da Silva 2008

              Javier Echeverría en educ.ar        
    Ayer, en educ.ar contamos con la presencia del profesor Javier Echeverría, autor de Telépolis, Cosmopolitas domésticos, Filosofía de la ciencia, Los señores del aire: Telépolis y el Tercer Entorno, Un mundo virtual y La revolución tecnocientífica, entre otros libros. La conferencia de Echeverría contó con la participación de alrededor de sesenta docentes que, luego de …
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              Enciclopedias        
    Enciclopedias

    Por Edgardo Civallero

    Enciclopedia. Su nombre deriva de una lectura ligeramente errónea del original griego "enkyklios paideia", que significa "educación general". Ese nombre saltó del griego al latín, y de allí a casi todas las lenguas europeas, para convertirse, más tarde, en un sinónimo de "saber general".

    Las enciclopedias constituyeron uno de los cimientos más firmes de las colecciones de referencia de nuestras bibliotecas. Y, aún en un mundo dominado por muchos soportes digitales, continúan siendo el escalón inicial de cualquier investigación o acercamiento a una materia. Buen ejemplo de la importancia que tienen en la actualidad es el asombroso desarrollo y la difusión de la Wikipedia, en la cual, bajo la dirección de un equipo plural de editores, un conjunto aún mayor de contribuyentes aporta conocimientos referidos a tópicos de su especialidad.

    Un proceso similar ocurrió, hace siglos, durante la elaboración de la enciclopedia más famosa en el ámbito europeo: la de Diderot y d'Alembert. Su historia no está desprovista de curiosidades. Permítanme compartirla con ustedes.

    En 1728, Ephraim Chambers publicó en Londres su "Cyclopaedia", subtitulada "Un diccionario universal de artes y ciencias". Eran dos densos volúmenes in folio, con casi 2500 páginas, que pronto se convirtieron en una de las primeras –y más célebres– enciclopedias generales en lengua inglesa. Contaba con un sistema de referencias cruzadas bastante sólido y con una clasificación de los artículos por áreas de conocimiento (de las cuales el autor anotó 47). Basada en trabajos anteriores (como los de John Harris en 1704), la obra de Chambers destacó por haber sido elaborada con seriedad y buen juicio. De hecho, mantuvo su popularidad por años y fue el origen de la famosa "Encyclopédie" francesa.

    La "Encyclopédie", o "Diccionario razonado de ciencias, artes y oficios" se publicó en Francia entre 1751 y 1772, con revisiones y suplementos tardíos (1772, 1777 y 1780) y con numerosas traducciones y derivados posteriores. Originalmente, pretendía ser una sencilla traducción de la obra de Chambers al francés. A tal efecto, el editor André Le Breton encargó, en 1743, la labor de traducción a un inglés residente en París, John Mills, hasta entonces un modesto escritor que había elaborado algunos textos sobre agricultura en su país natal. En mayo de 1745 –dos años después– Le Breton anunció que el trabajo estaba listo para la venta. Grande fue su sorpresa cuando se enteró que Mills no sólo no hablaba ni escribía correctamente el francés (muchos dicen que apenas lo balbuceaba), sino que ni siquiera tenía una copia de la "Cyclopaedia" para comenzar su trabajo. Un trabajo que, como supondrá el atento lector, no estaba ni siquiera iniciado.

    Le Breton había sido descaradamente estafado. Lleno de rabia, buscó a Mills y le propinó tal paliza (unos dicen que con una caña, otros que con un bastón) que el "traductor" presentó cargos contra el editor a las Cortes. Estas, tras estudiar el caso, dieron la razón a Le Breton, pues, de acuerdo a su juicio, la agresión estaba "justificada por la incompetencia del agredido".

    Le Breton reemplazó a Mills por Jean Paul de Gua de Malves en 1745. Entre los contratados por Malves para realizar el enorme trabajo de traducción se encontraban Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, Jean le Rond d'Alembert y Denis Diderot. En agosto de 1747, Malves fue despedido por Le Breton, debido a sus rígidos métodos de trabajo. Otras versiones explican que el propio Malves se marchó, hastiado de la labor. Le Breton contrató entonces a Diderot y a D'Alembert como nuevos editores. Y el inicial trabajo de traducción se convertiría en uno de redacción.

    Diderot permanecería en su puesto 25 años, pudiendo ver su obra finalizada.

    El trabajo contó con 35 volúmenes, 71.818 artículos y más de 3.000 ilustraciones. Muchas de las más grandes figuras de la Ilustración francesa colaboraron en esos artículos: Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu... Louis de Jaucourt fue el contribuyente que batió el récord de artículos escritos: 17.266. Ocho por día, entre 1759 y 1765...

    El mismo Le Breton se dio el lujo de escribir un artículo de la "Encyclopédie": el dedicado a la tinta negra, "Encre noire". También se dio otro lujo: el de censurar un buen número de textos, para hacer la obra menos "radical". Este hecho ocasionaba frecuentes ataques de ira de Diderot. Los recortes de Le Breton se ensañaron con artículos como "Sarracenos o Árabes" y "Filosofía pírrica"... En todos los casos, existían motivos políticos para realizar las censuras.

    Los escritos de la "Encyclopédie" eran revolucionarios, debido a su enfrentamiento abierto con los dogmas católicos. De hecho, la totalidad del trabajo fue prohibido por decreto real en 1759. Afortunadamente, debido al apoyo que tenía de parte de ciertas personas influyentes –como la célebre Madame de Pompadour– el trabajo continuó "en secreto". En realidad, las autoridades civiles no querían deshacer una actividad comercial que daba trabajo a muchas personas. La prohibición fue, en realidad, una tapadera para acallar las furibundas quejas de la Iglesia.

    La "Encyclopédie" se transformó en una obra célebre, tanto por sus ideas como por sus autores. Sin embargo, hubo trabajos mucho más relevantes, realizados con siglos de antelación y por parte de autores unitarios. Lamentablemente, muchas de esas obras han desaparecido, o han caído en el olvido más absoluto. Algunos ejemplos pueden ser los siguientes:

    – La enciclopedia médica de 30 volúmenes escrita por Abu al–Qasim al–Zahrawi, el padre de la cirugía moderna, en el año 1000.
    – La primera enciclopedia científica conocida, "Kitab al-Shifa", de Ibn Sina o Avicena, escrita entre 1000 y 1030. Poseía 9 volúmenes sobre lógica, 8 sobre ciencias naturales, 4 sobre aritmética, astronomía, geometría y música, y otros tantos sobre filosofía, psicología y metafísica.
    – El "Canon de la Medicina", una enciclopedia de 14 volúmenes escrita también por Avicena hacia 1030. La obra fue referencia y modelo en las universidades europeas y musulmanas hasta el siglo XVII. En ella se presentaba la medicina experimental, el descubrimiento de las enfermedades infecto-contagiosas y un largo etcétera.
    – El "Canon Masudicus" de Abu al-Rayhan al-Bisudi (1031), una extensiva enciclopedia sobre astronomía.
    – La enciclopedia de 43 tomos de Ibn al-Nafis (1242-1244) titulada "El Libro Comprehensivo sobre Medicina", una de las mayores enciclopedias médicas de la historia, aunque solo unos pocos volúmenes hayan sobrevivido.

    Lamentablemente, la mayoría de las grandes obras del saber islámico –cuyos conocimientos fueron precursores de los "descubrimientos" realizados en Europa mucho más tarde– desaparecieron bajo el peso de las invasiones mogolas en Bagdad, las Cruzadas o la conquista de Andalucía por los reinos cristianos hispanos. Mucho fue quemado y destruido. Solamente aquellos textos que habían sido traducidos al latín –durante los siglos XII y XIII– en centros de cultura y saber como Toledo, Segovia, Cataluña, Sicilia o el sur de Francia, pudieron conservarse para la posteridad.

    Siglos después, fueron muchos los que se adjudicaron descubrimientos y pasaron a los libros de ciencia como grandes figuras, cuando en realidad esos descubrimientos ya habían sido realizados siglos antes. Cosas de la historia.

    En realidad, cosas de la historia eurocentrista... "Eurotodo", diría Eduardo Galeano al respecto, titulando un texto en la página 103 de su último libro, "Espejos":

    "Copérnico publicó, en agonía, el libro que fundó la astronomía moderna.
    Tres siglos antes, los científicos árabes Muhayad al-Urdi y Nasir al-Tusi habían generado teoremas que fueron importantes en el desarrollo de su obra. Copérnico los usó, pero no los citó.
    Europa veía el mundo mirándose al espejo.
    Más allá, la nada.
    Las tres invenciones que hicieron posible el Renacimiento, la brújula, la pólvora y la imprenta, venían de China. Los babilonios habían anunciado a Pitágoras con mil quinientos años de anticipación. Mucho antes que nadie, los hindúes habían sabido que la Tierra era redonda y le habían calculado la edad. Y mucho mejor que nadie, los mayas habían conocido las estrellas, los ojos de la noche, y los misterios del tiempo.
    Estas menudencias no eran dignas de atención".


    El mismo Galeano afirma en la misma página del mismo libro, en el texto titulado "Sur":

    "Los mapas árabes todavía dibujaban el sur arriba y el norte abajo, pero ya en el siglo trece Europa había establecido el orden natural del universo [el norte arriba y el sur abajo]".

    Galeano nos cuenta que la biblioteca imperial de Pekín tenía, en el siglo XV, 4000 libros en los que reunía el saber del mundo. Seis libros tenía, por entonces, el rey de Portugal.

    Cosas de la historia. Cosas de la memoria. Afortunadamente, las actuales enciclopedias virtuales permiten la existencia de versiones en chino, árabe, ruso, griego, y tantos y tantos otros idiomas. Pero, por desgracia, los que sólo sabemos leer el alfabeto latino y un par de idiomas europeos tenemos que quedarnos con los artículos que nos cuentan todo desde este lado del espejo.

    Vuelvo, para cerrar esta entrada, al principio. La palabra "enciclopedia" deriva del griego, y significa "educación general". Quizás algún día tengamos una "generalidad" que abarque y tenga en cuenta a todos y a todo. Tal vez ese día podamos aprender algo nuevo, diverso y realmente valioso. Mientras tanto, deberemos conformarnos con la "generalidad" de siempre.


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              Até logo/ See you!        

    Perfumados leitores,

    Há um certo tempo minha vida se tornou uma espiral de responsabilidades cada vez mais frequentes, fruto de recompensas e desafios com relação à minha carreira e vida pessoal. Se por um lado, isso é muito compensador. Por outro lado, atualmente tive que fazer escolhas. Uma delas é dizer, de forma oficial, até logo!
     
     
    Confesso que não consigo fazer as coisas de qualquer jeito e tudo tem que ter tempo e qualidade, principalmente com relação ao Perfume da Rosa Negra, um espaço virtual apaixonante sobre perfumaria que me proporcionou conhecer muita gente apaixonada por perfume e muita gente que é referência em Perfumaria , que respeitou o meu conhecimento e minha paixão, além de ter me proporcionado projetos de muito valor.
     
    Sou grata aos leitores e a todas as pessoas que acreditaram em mim. Também agradeço a Deus o tempo a que me dediquei intensamente ao Perfume da Rosa Negra.  Fiz tudo isso com muito amor. Tive muitas alegrias mas também muitas decepções e tudo isso faz parte da jornada. A experiência foi sempre divina, a cada perfume e tudo está guardado: cada sentimento com relação às fragrancias e, cada sensação Ãºnica através do olfato que eternaliza os momentos perfumados na alma. O melhor de tudo é que, onde coloquei a minha marca, as pessoas passaram a conhecer mais sobre as fragrancias e o valor disso é imensurável.
     
    Não retorno tão logo e, por estranho que pareça, digo um até logo feliz.  Sei que não serei a primeira blogueira de fragrancias que se afasta por um tempo. Muita gente boa, de excepcional talento em perfumaria, também disse adeus por um período. Durante esse tempo, além de todas as novas jornadas, quero repensar a própria perfumaria. O Perfume da Rosa Negra não deixa de existir. Como diria Flaubert, Perfume da Rosa Negra c'est moi. Eu sou Rosa Negra e ela vai exalar um perfume em outros cantos desse mundo.
     
     
    Despeço-me feliz. Preciso levar algumas responsabilidades e projetos adiante, dentre eles está a perfumaria. Certamente eu voltarei e o blog só será a extensão de algo muito maior porque a perfumaria está no meu DNA. Voltarei com mais força e com ideias grandiosas que há muito tempo estão na minha mente e que só essa bela Arte merece.
     
    Enquanto isso, deixo-lhes o meu legado perfumado , de coração!
     
    Sigam cheirosos!
     
    Abraços perfumados,
     
    Cris Rosa Negra
     
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              Especial OsMoz Brasil: Para um Brasil mais perfumado, Faça Parte!        

    Cris Rosa Negra usou e clicou o bottom do OsMoz.com.brFaça Parte!
    Uma grande conquista para um Brasil mais perfumado.


    Prezados leitores, parceiros e amigos,

    Para quem ama perfumes e acredita no engrandecimento e fomento dessa fantástica Arte no Brasil, saberá o que venho lhes dizer agora em um depoimento bem pessoal sobre o lançamento do OsMoz.com.br no país. É um projeto muito lindo, no qual trabalhei ativamente nos últimos meses com o time da Firmenich e fiquei mais focada nele em termos de perfumaria. Mesmo mais distante do blog, com um ritmo pessoal intenso e com tempo limitado, eu estava trabalhando para favorecer mais ainda o crescimento da Perfumaria no país. Era um sonho desafiador a ser realizado. Hoje, posso dizer: Que conquista! Que alegria em fazer parte desse movimento evolutivo da Perfumaria no Brasil! Tive o prazer de superar a mim mesma para fazer acontecer, e pude conhecer e interagir com pessoas maravilhosas que muito me respeitaram e acreditaram no meu talento e na minha contribuição. Isso não tem preço, é algo que permanece e fica na memória, como um perfume inesquecível. Sou muito grata a Deus e por ser brindada por essa  oportunidade única. Também acredito  que muitos de vocês que  trabalham, usam e/ ou gostam de perfumes podem fazer o nosso país ser mais e mais líder em perfumaria, a cada ano que se aproxima, dessa forma, cooperando com seus hábitos e gostos perfumados, e compartilhando, com afeto, senso crítico e construtivo, suas opiniões sobre quais sãos os cheiros que o Brasileiro usará no presente e no futuro.




    Convite criativo e inspirador do lançamento OsMoz BR: Desperta um Brasil mais forte
    em educação olfativa, cultura do Perfume e comunicação em fragrâncias

    O melhor de tudo para mim Ã© que o OsMoz.com.br foi feito para você, para todos nós, leigos ou aficcionados por perfumes, conhecer e amar mais sobre Perfumaria. Ele é um site neutro e imparcial que abraça várias fragrancias de distintas marcas feitas por variadas casas de fragrancias e, nisso, reside um dos diferenciais do site. Nós fazemos o OsMoz à medida que participamos da Cultura do Perfume no Brasil. Lá encontramos um conhecimento enciclopédico que transita entre o clássico e o moderno, em linha com a base da Perfumaria, sua história e tendências. Essa foi minha motivação desde o começo: eu sou parte disso porque eu uso e amo perfumes assim como você também usa, ou seja, somos consumidores e temos um espaço virtual para expressar a nós mesmos e nossa relação com os cheiros, independente de preferências, marcas e empresas!  



    Kits olfativos da OsMoz : belo projeto Ã  serviço da educação olfativa.
    Objetos do desejo previstos para venda no site local breve. Na torcida!

    O resultado do OsMoz.com.br Ã© magnífico e energizante. Contemplá-lo parece aquela sensação de bem estar e regozijo  após usar uma fragrância refrescante e luminosa, porque é praticamente participar de um marco da evolução da Perfumaria Brasileira, mobilizando pessoas para acreditar e trabalhar em pró de uma idéia que muito agregará ao mercado de fragrâncias no país. Você é parte desse crescimento, como consumidor e leitor em perfumaria, por isso compartilharei no  Perfume da Rosa Negra um especial sobre OsMoz Brasil com inéditas dos bastidores do lançamento e a presença de perfumistas, especialistas, alunas em perfumaria e executivos convidados, em momentos descontraídos e conversando comigo sobre nossa Perfumaria Brasil e a chegada do Osmoz. Foi um momento único e emblemático, naturalmente feito por quem ama fragrancias e acredita no Brasil.


    Tablets para acessar OsMoz no evento: Interatividade com o público internauta,
    em linha com as redes sociais e o poder de comunicação da Web.



    Ressalto intimamente que, para o Perfume da Rosa Negra desde a sua criação na blogosfera, a perfumaria está além do consumir fragrâncias, está além do escrever para um blog ou uma revista, está além de ter determinado conhecimento ou habilidade, está além de trabalhar em um projeto. A perfumaria é uma das formas de expressar parte de mim e de ter o prazer de me comunicar com o mundo dessa forma, inspirando as pessoas a fazer o mesmo com suas vidas, colocando um toque de perfume para tornar o dia a dia mais mágico, com bem estar e a sensação de cuidar da autoestima e das emoções dos momentos. A vida é curta demais, deliciemo-nos em perfumes e no que os cheiros registram na nossa memória e revelam sobre nossos sentimentos.



    Perfumes do Brasil:
    Para cheirar, sonhar e fazer um Brasil mais perfumado com a cara de nossa identidade.


    Quero convidá-los a acompanhar esse especial OsMoz Brasil, feito de uma forma muito pessoal para o leitor Perfume da Rosa Negra, compartilhando o momento de celebração perfumada em nosso país. Aproveito para agradecer muito a todos os profissionais das marcas locais que se relacionaram nesse projeto e ajudaram a equipe a materializá-lo no site. Deixo a todos  também a seguinte mensagem para reflexão e inspiração: Existem momentos de uma vida perfumada nos quais é preciso fazer uma escolha muito além do perfume que  usamos, é preciso fazer escolhas por grandes idéias que nos inspiram e nos movem a acreditar na Perfumaria e no valor que ela tem. Assim como Albert Einstein disse que "uma mente que se abre a uma nova idéia jamais voltará ao seu tamanho original", assim acredito que um olfato que se rende e se move a novos cheiros jamais será o mesmo. A paixão pela Perfumaria lhe tomará por completo, sem limites e rumo ao sublime e ao inimaginável.

    Um abraço, um cheiro

    Cris, Perfume da Rosa Negra








              Chega ao Brasil o site OsMoz: a maior comunidade online de perfumaria do mundo        
    OsMoz.com.br aterrisa no país:
    marco de mais uma evolução da Perfumaria Brasileira





    A partir de agora o Brasil passa a contar com um site que é um verdadeiro compêndio sobre a arte da perfumaria: o osMoz, lançado e desenvolvido pela Firmenich, uma das maiores casas de fragrâncias do mundo. Sucesso absoluto internacionalmente em cinco idiomas (inglês, francês, espanhol, alemão e italiano), o osMoz já é considerado a maior comunidade online de perfumaria, com 360 mil membros cadastrados em todo o mundo.

    Segundo Marcelo Martins, Diretor de Perfumaria Fina da Firmenich para a América Latina, o novo endereço da rede (www.osmoz.com.br) traz todos os detalhes, histórias olfativas e bastidores dos mais renomados perfumes do mercado mundial.

    “Trata-se de uma fonte detalhada que vai saciar a curiosidade dos leigos, servir de ferramenta de trabalho para profissionais e oferecer aos brasileiros o acesso a qualquer informação referente à perfumaria em geral”, explica o executivo.

    O site conta com mais de quatro mil fragrâncias de referencia, sem contar as atualizações de novos produtos, vídeos, entrevistas e todo o tipo de informação como uma espécie de enciclopédia virtual sobre o tema. Além disso, o osMoz serve como um importante meio de aferir as preferências e gostos dos consumidores, por intermédio de testes e pesquisas.

    “Finalmente estamos trazendo a maior comunidade online de perfumaria para o maior mercado de perfumaria do mundo que é o Brasil”, descreve o executivo. “O brasileiro é heavy user de perfumes, se interessa pelo assunto e é carente de informação.”, completa.

    O lançamento do site no Brasil é de extrema importância, pois particularmente o País tem uma participação muito ativa na rede e está ávido por informações deste segmento. “Os jovens brasileiros têm mais amigos virtuais do que qualquer outro jovem no mundo, os brasileiros gastam mais tempo online, 75% dos brasileiros estão presentes nas redes sociais e tem uma das maiores comunidades no Facebook, por exemplo, portanto é um usuário potencial para o nosso site”, explica o executivo.


    O lançamento oficial do site no País chega no momento certo, afinal o Brasil lidera hoje o ranking global no mercado de perfumaria fina e com isso passou a ser visto com grande interesse por gigantes do setor, como é o caso da Sephora, por exemplo, que finca este ano bases em território nacional. O Brasil teve um crescimento bastante acelerado, passando os Estados Unidos, que até o ano passado lideravam o setor. Segundo dados do Euromonitor, só em 2010 este mercado movimentou o equivalente a US$ 6 bilhões.


    Sobre a Firmenich

    A Firmenich é a maior empresa privada do mundo no segmento de fragrâncias e sabores. Fundada em 1985, em Genebra, na Suíca, foi a responsável pela criação de muitos dos perfumes mais conhecidos no mundo e de sabores que nós apreciamos diariamente. O sobrenome de seu fundador, Firmenich, foi oficialmente adotado em 1934.


    Hoje a Firmenich tem presença em 64 Países, em todos os continentes. Desde 1939, a empresa recebeu mais de 30 prêmios por sua atuação constante na pesquisa e desenvolvimento de inovações, tendo inclusive recebido um prêmio Nobel, por intermédio do trabalho de pesquisa de um de seus diretores.

    A empresa é reconhecida pela sua criatividade e inovação, assim como o seu excepcional conhecimento das tendências de consumo deste mercado. Sua liderança neste segmento não acontece por acaso, afinal a empresa investe anualmente 10% de seu faturamento em pesquisas e desenvolvimento, refletindo o seu desejo contínuo de compreender, compartilhar e sublimar o que de melhor a natureza e a tecnologia tem para oferecer.

    Fonte: por press release

              Slides of Mongolia        




    My grandparents spent six summers in Mongolia, and every trip the took 200+ slides, which I have been virtually archiving since my grandfather passed away last spring. The process itself is very time consuming, but he happy upshot of all this time scanning and labeling is that I get to witness the steppe and the Gobi through the eyes of my grandparents.

    The steppe, barren and immense:

    The car, submerged and stuck:

    The Mongolian horsemen, probably rather entertained by the stuck car:

    Horsemen again, getting bored of having their picture taken:

    The horsemen decide that they should, perhaps, help out the silly stuck Americans:

    One is not enough, more are called in to the murky depths:

    The goat they just cooked with a blow torch, looking a lot like the goat they just cooked with a blow torch:

              Obama Secures Youth Vote        
    Obama and Biden appeared on MTV today in a very refreshing interview with Sway about Thursday's debate and what the Obama policies mean to the younger generation. Obama addressed his treatment of American voters, the problems facing Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, and the effect of the economic bailout on our generation. It's not often that you see a politician target an audience with such success.

    Obama reigns when it comes to character. He obviously went the diplomatic route when Sway steered the questioning towards who won the debate, explaining the point wasn't to win, but rather to inform the American people of the differences between the two candidates. But even though Obama is still rowing a political boat, I believe that he's trying to arrive at a humane and decent destination.

    "I think the pundits and the press, you guys are looking at tactics. What the American people are looking at is they might lose their job ... they might lose their house...What's relevant is the substance of this thing, which is people out there are hurting, and John McCain has promoted the same policies of George Bush, and people know they're not working. They understand we can't continue four more years of doing the same thing."

    But the instance that I was most excited about (and I hope it excited any other half-interested person under the age of 25) was Obama's explanation of the $700 billion bailout and what is happening in the economy. My happiness came partly because I've spent most of my morning on the internet, trying desperately to figure out what exactly is going on in the economy and how it got this way. I've been reading The Guardian, a short history of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, an Economic Times article on the recent re-structuring of both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the Wikipedia pages for "bailout," the SEC, and GSEs, and I even called my father to try and understand what the fuck is happening and whether it will affect me. And after reading all of that and slowly coming to grasp just the smallest crumb of understanding, it was lovely to hear Obama's rationalization of the economic crisis:

    "If the credit markets collapse, what it means is banks aren't lending businesses money. Businesses then can't invest in plants and equipment and make payroll, so they shut down. And that means the suppliers of those companies, they shut down. Over time what happens is you get the whole economy coming to a standstill. That's what happened during the Great Depression," he explained. "And at that time, it was just banks that were in charge of capital. Now you've got all different ways that money flows ... but the bottom line is, that if money freezes up, businesses can't do business, and you get an enormous contraction of an economy. And that, ultimately, will affect that 20-year-old, because that 20-year-old is going to be looking for a better job after he gets out of school. ... If our businesses aren't creating jobs, they're not creating tax revenues — now it's harder for government to finance that college education or to build that new university. So it has a ripple effect."

    His explanation is a little basic, but that's actually what our generation needs. We're the ones who grew up inside a nearly virtual system of currency. Most young people have no idea how to balance a check book, let alone have a detailed understanding of how banks work or how to invest in the stock market! Obama understands this, and I think that he's being honest and straightforward about the effects of the economic crisis on our future.
    The bottom line is, I trust Obama. I trust that he will bring a good change to this country. I trust that he will make decisions with his electorate's best needs at heart. I trust that he is in this presidential race to spur forth America's progress, not to make himself a powerful figure in history. I trust his judgement, I trust his humanity, I trust him.
              Links from Hanselminutes 349        
    As if I had nothing better to do (I'm supposed to be cleaning the bathroom), I collected a bunch of links whilst listening to the Hanselminutes podcast episode 349. This show was one of the Hanselminutia episodes where Scott chats with Richard Campbell. They were talking about a lot of home automation stuff that's interesting to me so I gathered links to follow up on later (after the bathroom is clean, of course).

              Links from Open Source Musician Podcast 53        
    Here are some links from Open Source Musician Podcast episode 53:

    harrisonconsoles.com - Mixbus

    Harrison Mixbus: The $79 Virtual Analog Console, Now on Both Mac and Linux

    Sonic Talk Podcast

    JACK-AUDIO-CONNECTION-KIT: Session API for clients

    WalkThrough/Dev/JackSession - Jack Audio Connection Kit - Trac

    ardour - the digital audio workstation

    Ardour 3.0 alpha 4 released

    Paul Davis

    Mixxx - Free Digital DJ Software

    DSSI - API for audio processing plugins

    Leigh Dyer: woo, tangent | lsd's rants about games, music, linux, and technology

    KXStudio

    PiTiVi, a free and open source video editor for Linux

    Open Source Musician Podcast: Podcast editing using Ardour

    Saffire PRO 40 Audio Interface

    ffado.org - Free Firewire Audio Drivers

    Diffusion (acoustics) - Wikipedia

    FoamByMail

    Podcast OUT.
              Vendedores Multimedia (Mexico D.F)        
    Experiencia en ventas de servicios y productos multimedia (Apps, Webs, Realidad Aumentada, Realidad Virtual) Gusto por la tecnología Conocimientos en Desarrollos Multimedia (Desarrollo Web, Apps, R.A) Demostracion y Prueba de producto Realización......
              Comment on Bjorn and Widely Linden discuss Sansar by Mac Users and Sansar – Sansar Newsblog        
    […] is being designed first and foremost as a virtual world that supports VR headsets. Read Inara Pey’s excellent blogpost to understand why Linden Lab is focusing on virtual realit…, especially the entire section titled “Running Sansar in Desktop Mode”. It perfectly […]
              Who is the Ultimate Cisco Live Attendee?        
    Who is the Ultimate Cisco Live Attendee? That is what we want to know! Every year tens of thousands IT and communications professionals attend Cisco Live events held around the world as well as virtually. Each attendee is imperative to the success of Cisco Live, and we want to hear why you think you are […]
              What leadership really means        
    This week, I had the opportunity to share some things my district is doing to move its way into the realm of virtual and blended learning. We have made some strides, but we have a long way to go before … Continue reading
              Things that make you go hmmm (Free gift)        
    Cuteness overload! The “Things that make you go hmm” hunt is underway and one of my most favourite stores Lunar Seasonal Designs is in it yay! I managed to find the gift by using the clue give (hunt blog below) and received this utterly charming patch of Lady’s mantle with a naughty leaping bunny. You can choose the colour of the blooms etc and also how frequently the bunny charges about – he leapssss and knocks over a bunch of flowers, then hides in the leaves – its dead sweet and only 5Li. Lunar Seasonal Designs Things that make you go hmmm hunt blog
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: animated, Faithless Babii, free, free gift, furniture, gift, home & garden, hunt, hunt gift, jumping bunny, lunar seasonal designs, plants, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, second life hunt, SecondLife, things that make you go hmm hunt

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              Shower it off        
    A new round of Tres Chic means a new item from Chez Moi! This time it’s all about showering – outside oh la la. Really love the wooden texture and the curly pathway leading to the cubicle. Totally adorable poses in both the Adult and Pg versions. Deets: It comes with 58 animations in PG version and 126 in Adult version:
    ♥ 14 single poses (male and female) ♥ 44 animations for couples in love (22 x 2)
    ♥ 68 hot sex animations (34x 2) ♥ Automatic Rezzing Props – attaches when an animation is chosen. Touch the Tap to turn on or off the shower. ♥ Control by menu
    ♥ Adjustable Poses
    ♥ Functionality SWAP Specification and content:
    ♥ Shower: 14 LI | Copy | Modifiable
    ♥ Hanging Towel: 4 LI – Texture change options (3 textures to choose)
    ♥ Mirror&Organizer Rusty Iron: 5 LI Tres Chic
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: adult animations, chez moi, chezmoi, decor, Faithless Babii, furniture, home & garden, mesh, original mesh, outside shower, PG animations, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, SecondLife, Shower, tres chic

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              Popcorn and memories        
    Brilliant new set from Lunar Seasonal Designs is on sale starting this Saturday @ the KT Creators Festival! Had a lot of fun with this collection. There are couply chairs and also single pringle chairs / friends – both can animate you to chomp popcorn,drink,sit etc. They also have colour change for the upholstery so can fit around your existing decor hurrah! I set mine up outside as we are having such glorious weather and bought along my two new doggy friends (Omen gacha) as company. The table, projector and screen are all one piece, so really easy to position. The screen comes preloaded with some photos BUT remove them if you wish and load up your own! As its our 10th SL wedding anniversary this month, I slammed a load of weddingy photos in, sat back, munched popcorn and relaxed – our old Avatars looking so dated but SO in love awwww ❤ This is such a great set for a movie night with friends,lovers & family – Love it ! KT Creators Festival (opens Saturday 15th) Omen Outfit all by Neve
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: Cinema, damien fate, date night, decor, Faithless Babii, furniture, gacha, home & garden, home movies, Janie Marlowe, KT Creators Festival, lunar seasonal designs, lunar tripsa, movie night, Neve, Omen, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, SecondLife, wedding anniversary, zyrra falcone

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              Home Show – Cleo Design        
    Home Show 2017 has begun and runs until the 29th July. Stop by and check out a whole heap of pretties from Cleo Design. Lots to see and play with! I just adored this sweet little bench with a shell print blanket and cushion, heaps of poses built right in. The waterfall decor is also on sale at the event. You can also find this perfect beach retreat at Home Show. Drapes blowing, pretty lights and cute half-open windows. Perfect place to shelter from the sun or hang out in at sunset. Quite a few decor items to fit around it too ! I really enjoyed lolling about on this shabby chic couch, single pringle poses plus couples. I’m just showing the smallest glimpse of whats for sale btw – you’ll need to go take a peek. Home Show 
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: beach, cleo design, Faithless Babii, furniture, home & garden, home show, interior design, mesh, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, SecondLife, summer time furnushing, The Home Show

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              Light up your world – Free!        
    One of the first stores I frequented in my SL life was Lok’s – a huge store full of everything and anything you ever possibly need for your home, beach & garden. My first rental homes were furnished almost exclusively from Loks, brilliant stuff and really low prim. Fast forward TEN years *gasp* and I still shop there ! Yes, its Lok’s tenth anniversary soon ! Treat yourself to a little gander and while you’re there pick up the birthday gift of lamp & table plus collect your free pack of ceiling lamps. The lamps are gorgeous, a few different colours and patterns inside (six I think) and of course low low Li naturally. No group to join, no kerfuffle – Happy Tenth Lok’s ❤ Lok’s
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: birthday gift, decor, Faithless Babii, free, Free Furniture, free gift, freebie, furniture, home & garden, interior design, pure egs & spam, second life, SecondLife

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              Never too late.(The Wash 10Ld Event).        
    I was LM hopping and hopped onto the sim which has the BIG “The Wash” event on and everyone will know this event by now because of the superb bargains to be had for just 10Lds.  So I started my meander and was clicking away picking up some  shoes, roses, CAKE and decor items because at 10Lds a pop so cheap. Then I spotted the day it ends and it was yesterday! Awwww but still so many of the stalls are still up so I quickly TPed home threw down just a couple of the decor items I bought, I wish I had rezzed the vase of flowers as well, just to give you a sniff of the sort of thing out. This chair does look a bit familiar so I have a feeling that Faith has done a post about this but this is just a reminder that it’s still open but be quick as people will pack away their stalls soon. PS If you’re really quick you might find me there as I’ve only done a quarter of the sim and I want MORE! The Wash.
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: Clothes, decor, discounts, furniture, second life, SecondLife, shoes, SL, The wash

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              Peace on the patio        
    Enjoying  a little moi time, which is in really short supply at the moment. I decided to sit quietly on the new Patio set from Chez Moi, out now at the latest round of Cosmopolitan. I’ve only set out one single chair but of course you can have more! deets: ♥ 28 single poses (male and female) ♥ 24 animations for couples in love (12 x 2)
    ♥ 48 hot sex animations (24 x 2)
    ♥ Automatic Rezzing Props – attaches when an animation is chosen. Texture change options: Tap the Chair to display the colour menu. There are 18 combinations to choose ♥ Chair: 2 LI | Copy | Modifiable
    ♥ Coffee Table: 1 LI | Copy | Modifiable
    ♥ Teapot: 1 LI | Copy | Modifiable
    ♥ Tea Cup: 1 LI | Copy | Modifiable 100% Original Mesh Available in Adult and PG version. My outfit is another promo at just $50L from Stars. Its called Kaitlyn, sweet mini skirt and tank with frilly bits – the Hud is ginormous so make sure to check it out! Cosmopolitan Chez Moi blog (for more info) Stars Fashion store Stars fashion market place La Bohemia sandals $120L (with massive colour hud) Beautiful Dirty Rich Plants & flowers by Dysfuntionality
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: chez moi, chezmoi, cosmopolitan, decor, dysfunctionality, Faithless Babii, furniture, home & garden, interior design, mesh fashion, Promo, promotion, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, Second Life fashion, SecondLife, Stars, stars aichi

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              Horsey! (Free)        
      I found an interesting little place on my travels the other day, not far from the Ivory Tower of prims. An old windmill and underneath a veritable treasure trove of blasts from the past freebies and also a few really lovely new ones. The horse above was one of my favourite finds, just 1Li and a reclined sit pose built right in. They have a fantabulous hand carved look, like they’ve been carved from a tree trunk with a butter knife sorta deal – love it! Go take a wander- if you land by the windmill the gifts are in the underneath part of the build. Watermill
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: Faithless Babii, free, free gift, freebie, furniture, gift, home & garden, Horse, interior design, mesh, mesh horse, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, SecondLife

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              Sassy just got hotter        
    Oh yes – bundles of new goodies from Neve always brightens my mood! Want to share with you a couple of the options of the new frocks – but do check the Neve blog for the whole range. Above is “Iza”, simple yet elegant with a little jaunty tossed in – it really is just adorable. Suitably short for the sunshine with some sleek styling and some others that are just.so.zesty! Body support as follows: Includes Maitreya Lara Fitted
    Includes Belleza Isis & Freya Natural Fitted
    Includes Slink Physique & Hourglass Fitted Btw the build behind me is by Anhelo – $50L ONLY for today! Two sitters, six animations and only 4Li – drop dead gorgeous. Oh just one more and its so darn hard to decide which to show – this is one of the “Bella” dresses. I went with a block of colour but take a peek at the Hud below – there are prints and florals also. Body Support: Includes Maitreya Lara Fitted
    Includes Belleza Isis & Freya Natural Fitted
    Includes Slink Physique & Hourglass Fitted Huds below: Bella (fatpack shown) Iza (fatpack shown) Thanks Neve team ❤ Neve store Neve blog (for all info) Neve market place Anhelo for Fifty Linden Friday
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: anhelo, damien fate, Faithless Babii, Fashion, Fifty Linden Friday, FLF, furniture, home & garden, Janie Marlowe, mesh, mesh fashion, mini dress, Neve, new release, poses, prefab, Prop, Pure Eggs & Spam, se (Read more...)
              Santorini Days        
      Perfect for lounging about beside the pool or on the terrace – the “Santorini Lounger” from Chez Moi @ Tres Chic. This is available in PG & Adult versions. It can hold 1-5 people, singles,couples,friends and family ! Heaps of animations stuffed inside. Specifications: 10 LI | Copy | Modifiable IMPORTANT: It’s not sectional. The parts are linked to reducing land impact Original Mesh I also found this little gem on the marketplace. The “mesh romantic tray”, it’s just 1Li and costs $5L, bargain! The sunshade in the first photo I also found on the market place for FREE, set of three in different colours – I think they were 1Li also. Tres Chic Chez Moi blog for more photos Mesh tray Sunshade
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: chez moi, decor, dollarbie, Faithless Babii, free, free gift, freebie, furniture, garden furniture, home & garden, Parasol, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, SecondLife, sun lounger, Tray, tres chic

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              Vintage Fair        
    The Vintage Fair is on and as soon as it gets a little less busy I will be in full shopping fever mode! Gawd there is some really lovely stuff on offer. I’ve got this to share with you from %percent and its to.die.for! The “Sarah” sofa comes in at just 3Li *faint* and is really superbly done. Twelve velvet and twenty-four damask textures included plus twenty-eight single poses, five friend poses andddd fourteen couple animations – and the poses are truly adorable. Some rez props as you can see above. The letters are an oldie btw from Dysfunctional designs landmark below (not sure if they still do them?) The 1920’s inspired pendant light fitting is also on sale at the event, its only 2Li and comes with twelve textures. The Vintage Fair Dysfunctional Designs
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: %percent, 1920's, couples poses, Faithless Babii, furniture, home & garden, interior design, lamp shade, light fitting, mesh, Pure Eggs & Spam, retro, second life, second life design, SecondLife, single poses, the vintage fair, vintage, vintage fair

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              And why not        
    Havent you ever wondered how glorious it might be to slip into a tub placed in a lake ? Wellll I did ! This being Second Life allows us to indulge these whims. This is from Kaya’s Ray of Sunshine and is offered at a reduced price in the latest round of Perfect ten. The Maplegrass tub is quite the revelation, you can place just the tub alone, to fit in maybe your existing bathroom , or use one of the many included platforms (different lengths etc) to pop it onto. Now it is labelled as a girl girl tub but its full of single poses that I would use myself. You can choose to have a cold bath,a steamy bath and BUBBLES! Really like the texture used on the tub, sort of pebbly marble, very upmarket. During the round this item is priced at 50% discount – hurry over ! (it’s on display outside) Perfect Ten
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: animated, bathroom furntiure, Cuddles, Faithless Babii, furniture, girl girl, home & garden, kaya's ray of sunshine, lesbian, mesh, perfect ten, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, SecondLife, solo poses, the cookie jar, tub

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              Vanity be thy name        
    New round of Tres Chic has flung open its doors and Chez Moi are right there in the line up. I’m primping infront of the “Watercolour vanity & closet”, and gosh can you do a LOT with this. At just 16Li its a big piece of furniture with a whole heap going on. Here’s the deets: 16 animations – brushing hair, drying hair, painting nails and toes, blogging, on the phone, moisturizing and more. Rezzing Auto Props – assigns when an animation is chosen. Control by menu Adjustable Poses Specifications: 16 LI | Copy | Modifiable This set is exclusive and available for the Tres Chic event. All that you see in the closet is part of the set PLUS depending on which pose you choose, more items rez right before your eyes! Its fantastic and I’m trying to find a space for it in my SL bedroom! Tres Chic All clothing by Neve
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: animated, chez moi, closet, damien fate, Faithless Babii, Fashion, furniture, home & garden, Janie Marlowe, mesh, Neve, new release, original mesh, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life, SecondLife, tres chic, vanity, zyrra falcone

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              Its Ultra        
    Chez Moi are in the latest round of Ultra and have a dead fancy-smancy French Country pergola, table, chairs and planter set out. The pergola has already won a place on our sim, it’s just beautiful. The wood textures especially caught my attention. Two types of pergola, one with bare wooden roof struts and the other has a canvas canopy. I choose the bare wood option for my home, as you can see above. The lanterns switch on and off, the animations are utterly adorable in either set – whats not to fall in love with! Thanks Nanda ❤ Deets: This Set comes with 60 animations in PG version and 104 animations in Adult version. Texture change options: tap the cushion to change texture – 10 options ♥ Pergola: 18 LI | Modifiable | Copy
    ♥ Potted Plant: 3 LI (each) | Modifiable | Copy
    ♥ Chair: 2 LI (each) | Modifiable | Copy
    ♥ Table: 1 LI | Modifiable | Copy ♥ 100% Original Mesh Available in Adult and PG version. This release is exclusive for Ultra from May 15th to June 8th Ultra
    Filed under: Blogging SL, Uncategorized, Virtual Fashion Feed Tagged: adult animations, chez moi, couples poses, decor, furniture, garden furniture, Gazebo, home & garden, mesh decor, original mesh, patio set, PG animations, Pure Eggs & Spam, second life faithless babii, SecondLife, ultra

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              Caitlyn Jenner Wrote A Book About How Much Kris Jenner Sucks        
    Hatred for Kris Jenner just got leveraged to secure enough pre-orders to virtually guarantee a best-seller slot for Caitlyn's book. That's what happened here.
              Quick Income Blueprint – Affiliate secret #2: Product selection        
    I think it’s imperative to know how to properly select products for your promotions. In my experience if you are totally new to internet marketing I suggest you go for products on clickbank.com that have gravity from around 10-50. This means they’ll be easy to rank for and that there’s virtually no competition. However the […]
              2017 NatCroMo Blog Tour, March 29: Sparkle Studio        
    Sparkle Studio | Roo Kline and Amy SheltonA-Glamping We Will Go: 5th Annual National Crochet Month Blog Tour Welcome to Crochetville’s fifth annual National Crochet Month (NatCroMo) blog tour, taking place each day of March 2017. Join us for a month of virtual glamping (aka glamorous camping), as we visit crochet designers, crochet-friendly local yarn stores, and yarn companies, as well as offer some fun giveaways. Today’s Posts: Amy Shelton | Kirsten Holloway | Sparkle Studio | Daily Giveaway Want to Chat about the Tour? Part of the fun of glamping is the daily round-up around the campfire, chatting and stitching with friends. We hope you’ll join
              Buying a Home Treadmill For Fitness        
    Buying a home treadmill is really not a complicated task. In this article I will explain the basic things that you want to be on the lookout for. I will also explain the ways that you can virtually ensure that you are getting the best price possible.
              Comment on Psychology is the Devil: A Critique of Jay Adams’ Counseling Paradigm by Paul        
    It is truly disappointing Bradley, that you choose to go down this route. This was never meant to be an academic discussion. It was simply a case of someone (me) wanting to understand your position a little clearer and therefore asked a few questions in the hopes that your answers would clarify it for me. Unfortunately you’ve done no such thing. You’ve bogged yourself down in pedantic semantics, losing sight of what my original post was all about. Has this been done purposefully on your part? I really can’t answer that, but I do think that you’re intelligent enough to understand what I was getting at in my original post, which could possibly be a reason why you have refused to answer it. What else can I do Bradley but surmise, since you have continually done this. You continue to try and stir things up like with this comment: “Thank you for admitting to sloppy communication.” I never admitted to any such thing. If you have a look at my reworded question you’ll find that the only significant change I made to it was adding the word ‘ultimate’ earlier in the question, hardly an admission of sloppy communication. My original question was pretty simple to understand, yet you seem to have missed it all together. You’ve gone on now for 3 or 4 responses and have failed completely to answer any of my original queries. Now you’ve gone the route of ‘the professional troll’ and have given yourself an excuse to end or delete this discussion. Good one. I’m no troll Bradley, just someone who thought you’d be able to give honest answers to a few honest questions. There are several reasons why I didn’t reply specifically to you’re A to I points and I’ve addressed a few of them in my previous responses. Let me sum up: Your A1 to C23 points were spent on trying to understand my original question, when as I stated in a previous reply, all you had to do was read a little further down the question and the meaning and intent should have been clear. D1 to D16 is more superfluous than informative. The problem you have here is your confusing the idea of science with certain ‘conclusions’ scientist come to. In D16 you state: “The clarity of this reaches a peak when (sic) state the two are “diametrically opposed.” This statement was ironically followed by one of the rewordings of your question, which goes to prove that the intention of you original question is to have me choose between the two….” You see Bradley, it is the ‘conclusions’ that are diametrically opposed, not science and religion per se. You then go on to requote my example of what science tells us about the origins of the universe and what the scriptures say. Something I commented on further in a following reply involving Jesus’ feeding of the 5000, which I might add you have again failed to address. What you still fail to understand is that there is a difference between seeing a conflict between science and scripture, and seeing a conflict between conclusions that scientists and scripture make. Not sure why you don’t see that. You then follow that up with D17, reminding me that I told you that I have no distrust of science. I’ll remind you (again) that I don’t have a distrust of science, merely the conclusions that some scientists come to. I would recommend reading Mitch Stokes book ‘How to be an Atheist: why many skeptics aren’t skeptical enough.’ He offers some helpful insights on this issue. E1: “I would suspect there is a problem with your interpretation before I would call science into question.” You continually confuse science itself, you know, the testing and verifying of certain hypotheses, with conclusions certain scientist come to. It’s no wonder you get lost in your own little ‘virtual world’. E2: You seem to be using the difficulty of exercising a good hermeneutic as an excuse to not exercise any hermeneutic at all! What an absurd thing to infer. You say that “if interpreters are so beset with human depravity, interpreting with an (sic) sinful heart, and prone to mistakes without any last ‘stronghold’ or aspect of human nature to trust in, that I find good reason to not trust in myself or my own abilities, transcendency or supremacy of authority and inerrant words..” You do realize that the same problem would apply to your hermeneutic when applied to science don’t you? And simply saying that science doesn’t make any moral demands doesn’t relieve you of that problem. E3: Are you saying that because of our depraved hearts we can’t know what God is saying to us in an inerrant and infallible scripture? When Paul says, “Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am the foremost.” Am I not able to take any hope from that statement simply because I am sinful and have a depraved heart? How absurd to think that simply because I have a sinful heart, I now can’t trust anything God has said. Again, it’s your understanding of hermeneutics that is flawed, not my ability to apply a good hermeneutic to scripture. E4: Do you really mean what you seem to be saying here Bradley? Do you really thing that science can be trusted more than God can be? I mean if God has spoken, how could he not but speak inerrantly and infallibly? You seem to forget that either God has spoken or he hasn’t. If he has spoken, please explain to me how he can do so and err or make mistakes? I think you have too much faith in science and not enough faith in God. Let me rephrase your ‘rough-draft of an argument for you.  Messages using human words require interpretation to be understood properly  Darwins ‘Origin of the species by means of natural selection’ is a message from Darwin using human words.  Therefore, Darwin’s ‘Origin of the species by means of natural selection’ requires human interpretation to be understood properly.  Human interpretation of messages communicated with human language has no protection from endless erring. (There are mechanisms in place to keep us from “erring endlessly.” They involve grammar, syntax, context and such. You’ve erred here.)  Darwin’s ‘Origin of the species by means of natural selection’ requires human interpretation of messages communicated with human language to be understood properly. (As does any text on any subject, be that science or religion.)  Therefore, nothing protects humans from endless erring in Darwinian interpretation. (Except maybe a good hermeneutic)  Human interpretation cannot be trusted in principle. (If human interpretation {the science of hermeneutics} cannot be trusted here, then neither can any science.)  Science can be trusted in principle? (see above.. and maybe read some Hume.)  Therefore, science can be trusted more than the human interpretation of Darwin’s ‘‘Origin of the species by means of natural selection’. (highly irrational. Hermeneutics is a science, how can it be trusted more than science?  Human interpretation of passage X in Darwin’s ‘Origin of the species by means of natural selection’ contradicts science. (That would mean it contradicts itself)  Science should be trusted in principle (I agree with you, but maybe get to reading a bit of Hume on why a bit of skepticism might be a good thing.) but human interpretation should not. (Science should be trusted in principle, except another science…?)  Therefore, human interpretation of passage X in Darwin’s ‘Origin of the species by means of natural selection’ should not. You see Bradley, your whole argument is irrational and nonsense. E7: As you can see Bradley, I don’t believe (1) through (11) above. All I needed to do to prove it wrong was to insert Darwin’s ‘Origins of the species by natural selection’ to show you where you err. You err in thinking that it is only the Bible that is to be doubted if you use your line of reasoning. We should doubt everything we know. You then get more than a little silly when you try and give a ‘rough-draft’ of an element of my own argument. I’ll reword it for you like you asked.  The Bible is inspired, inerrant and infallible. Science is about proving the truth of certain hypotheses. It does not, indeed cannot, make claims for itself. It is a tool. You might as well try and say a hammer can make claims for itself of inspiration, inerrancy and infallibility.  --It certainly transcends the authority of science. (that was the point of my original question.)  --Human interpretation of passage X of the Bible contradicts what some scientists have concluded about our origins.  --Therefore, with respect to passage X in the Bible, one must choose between God’s authority (what God says happened) and that of science (what science says happened).  --Bradley chooses the authority of science over the authority of what passage X clearer teaches.  --Passage X has divine authority.  --Therefore, Bradley’s action betrays God’s authority. When you get to your G1-5 points you really push the boundaries of common sense. You are aware aren’t you that when asked to give a simple yes or no answer, one is not required to simply answer “yes” or “no”. The question can be understood to be answered either in a “positive” or “negative” way. “Yes, I affirm that science holds ultimate authority over God, for such and such a reason.”or “No, I don’t believe that science holds ultimate authority over God.” But what do you do, you take the 12 year old approach and simply say “yes”. How on earth do you write this stuff and still think you are saying something of value? H1 through H12 were confusing at best, but it is the points H7.1 to H9.11 that I found most interesting. I’ll go through them point by point to show you where I disagree with you. You first state my line of reasoning as follows:  If the scriptures are not divinely inspired  then they are certainly not inerrant,  and if they are not inerrant,  then they certainly cannot be trusted,  if they cannot be trusted  they would have no authority in what they say or teach. This is a valid line of reasoning in light of what it is refuting, the original claim that scripture is divinely inspired. “If the scriptures are not divinely inspired, then ” refutes the proposition that “scripture is divinely inspired.” There have been and are an immeasurable number of people who have affirmed that the scriptures are indeed inspired, and Jesus Christ is one who I would put in that group. Where your ensuing lines of reasoning fail is in what they are trying to refute. No one (as far as I know or have heard) holds to or affirms the first line of either of your following premises. Who has ever said that science is divinely inspired? Who has ever said that human interpretation is divinely inspired? You might as well say that if a turtle in not divinely inspired, then it is certainly not inerrant, and if it is not inerrant, then it certainly cannot be trusted, if it cannot be trusted, it would have no authority in what it says or teaches. Absurd? Absolutely! Much like your attempt to use the same line of reasoning in refuting something no one else is trying to affirm. You say in your last post that I .. “have avoided responding to my analysis and returned like a broken record to repeating yourself instead of engaging my analysis.” I have repeated myself “like a broken record” because your analysis was a distraction. You have never given a reply to any of the questions I originally asked and so I kept going back, hoping that you would actually grant me that courtesy. All I got from you was a petulant “Yes”, and a confusing dissertation on how you completely misunderstand hermeneutics. “Our ‘dialogue’ has failed to be a two-way street. Dialogue requires two people paying careful attention to each other and being careful to heed the other’s choice of words without making un-necessary assumptions.” Our dialogue has failed because you have refused to answer my questions; questions that were asked with integrity and honesty. You have questioned that and to be honest, I don’t really care. I did care about what you had to say in response to my original questions, but unfortunately I’ve given up all hope of ever getting them from you. You seem more interested in having some sort of academic dialogue then in answering what I thought were fair questions given the position you hold. “As far as I can see at present, continuing to exert energy into having a fair and respectful dialogue with you is not working. All I can do is point out how more and more out of control your position is becoming as we exchange words. It’s not out of the realm of plausibility for me to wonder if you are actually a very skilled troll.” We both can agree that “continuing to exert energy into having a fair and respectful dialogue..is not working,” but for vastly different reasons. You can claim all you want that my position is getting “more and more out of control” yet the truth is far from the claim. I have consistently tried to get you to address the questions of the original post even offering examples from scripture in order to help you in understanding what I am asking and yet you have continually failed to address them. That is a shame. You say you are confident in your reader’s ability to be good judges. I am too. More than confident that they will see that you have refused to address the original questions and the examples I gave to those questions. More than confident that they will see that you have a poor understanding of hermeneutics and how it applies to all that we try to understand, not just scripture. More than confident that they too would like to know what you really think about the questions I have asked. Unless you actually address the questions of my initial post, this will be the last post in which I reply to you. Kindest regards Bradley.
              Comment on Psychology is the Devil: A Critique of Jay Adams’ Counseling Paradigm by T h e o • p h i l o g u e        
    @Paul, (i) I appreciate the time you have taken to reply to my thoughts with your own. Before I respond, a brief summary is in order: <i>After concluding in my book review of Jay Adams’ position as stated in one of his books is both unbiblical and problematic, you asked to choose the source of my authority, and gave me only two options: Science or God. I responded that the question bears an assumption I do not hold, then I explained my reasons for not sharing the assumption of the question. In your response, you argued that I had intentionally avoided your original question, and instead attacked a position that you don’t actually hold. You protested loudly that you love and trust science, do not have a problem with it, admitted it as a source of authority, and most importantly, that you never were or will be asking me to choose between the two authorities of God and science as I made you out to have done. You contrast my “misrepresentation” to your actual view, where God’s authority is “above” science’s and is “ultimate” in comparison, even though both authorities are trustworthy. </i> You call my motives and character into question for the length of my response and it’s hastening to digression from the real issue.</i> In my rejoinder below, I will show that you have failed to take responsibility for your own word choice, and instead shifted the blame on me, making judgments about my moral character and motives (wow… you went way too far here) on the basis that I had intentionally distorted your original question to avoid answering it and hide something shameful. (ii) PLEASE NOTE: The aim of https://theophilogue.com is openly stated to be critical research and open-minded exploration of philosophy and theology rather than the propagation or defense of religious dogmas. It’s the wrong forum for calling the motives and character of strangers into question. You don’t know me. If you did, we would be having this discussion over the phone, because I would’ve deleted your comments and called you at my earliest convenience. If you are sensitive to the purpose of online forums, you would understand that a face to face talk in private would be the best venue for you to offer—unsolicited—judgements about my moral character and motives in love and with gentleness, believing the best about me in principle unless evidence seems to demand otherwise—not when you happen to be stricken with a hunch or “impression.” Your attention and respect for the purpose of this venue is appreciated, and I’ve never blocked comments of a critical nature aimed at me or my writing. Only spam. I don’t run from confrontation, but the type of confrontation I’m willing to face here spelled out in my description of this forum—see my section "Three things you should know about this site" on my home page. ============= <blockquote> I’m really curious to know Bradley, where does your authority come from.., science or God?</blockquote> (A1) It is one thing to ask someone the source of their authority (SOA), it is quite another to ask which of two authorities they see as “ultimate” (WO2U) (A2) It is one thing to ask someone which of two authorities they see as “ultimate” (WO2U) and which of two authorities should be seen as “ultimate” (WO2S) (A2) In the question quoted above from your 1st response, you did not ask WO2U or WO2S, but rather SOA (A3) My response was to SOA (A4) Now in your 2nd response, a rejoinder, depicted your question as follows: <blockquote>…the question isn’t do I trust science, it is what is my ultimate authority and that is the question that you seem to have ignored in your response</blockquote> (A5) I will refer below to the expression and word choice we find in your original question as “OE1” (original expression #1) (A6) I will refer below to the expression and word choice we find in your re-wording of the question as “E2” (original expression #2) (A7) I will refer to your position that I misrepresented question OE1 in my response as “ORP1” (original response problem #1) (A8) I will refer to the intended meaning of your original question as IMOE1 (intended meaning of expression 1) (B) Now that you have the convenience of comparing the difference in wording from the way you asked your question originally, to the way you represented your original question in your 2nd response, I have hope to get more sympathy from you in your next reply (and more humility too honestly) (B1) in the wording of your original question (hereafter OE1), you chose to ask about the source (“from where”) of my authority (B2) in your 2nd response, you re-worded your original question (OE2) as a principle of binary discrimination (“between which two”) (B3) the binary discrimination question concerns which among two possible authorities is my “ultimate” authority (B4) in your 2nd response, you did not take any responsibility for having worded OE1 in a way that mis-communicated your actual meaning or intent (B5) in your 2nd response, you blamed me for failing to correctly interpret OE1 as you intended it (B6) in your 2nd response, you claim you intended OE1 as OE2 (B7) OQ1 is really a different question than OE2 (B8) therefore, the charges you have leveled against me, do not hold (B9) the charge of red herring does not hold (B10) the charge of dishonesty does not hold (B11) the charge of ill intentionality does not hold (B12) the charge of mis-representing your question (as you originally worded it) does not hold (B13) the charge that I am being surreptitious does not hold (B14) the charge of ignoring your question (as originally worded) does not hold (B15) Now although you made many other mistakes in your 2nd response, it was this one that seems to drive your confidence, shape your posturing, provide the foundation for your critiques, and takes up the majority of your attention judging by the amount of space you gave to discussing it. (C) Below I have teased out a number of what I see to be the meaning of some of your words to make it easy for you to read through and clarify if I have properly understood the intention behind the word choices of your expressions: (C1) that in my response, I’ve committed the red herring fallacy: http://preview.tinyurl.com/hs6aoqc (C2) that in my response, I fail to respond to your question as you originally intended it (C3) that in my response, I avoid the principle meaning of your question (C4) that in my response, I got off topic “quickly” (C5) that in my response, I was at some point on topic (C6) that in my response, I have taken extreme measures in ignoring and misrepresenting your question (C7) that in my response, I illustrate what “lengths some people will go” to avoid the principle meaning of a question (C8) that in my response, my motive for going to “great lengths” was “to avoid the principle meaning of a question” (C9) that in my response, I’ve misrepresented your question (C10) that in my response, I’ve ignored your question (C11) that in my response, I was lengthy (C12) that in my response, the speed in which I digressed and the length of my digression gives me an appearance of not holding to biblical inerrancy (C13) that in my response, I “seem” to want to “turn to” biblical inerrancy (C14) that in my response, I “seem” to want to “turn to” divine inspiration (C15) that in my response, the way in which I “seem” to want to “turn to” biblical inerrancy can be described as “authoritative” (C16) that in response, that the way in which I “seem” to want to “turn to” divine inspiration can be described as “authoritative” (C17) that seeming to “turn to” as “authoritative” divine inspiration and biblical inerrancy while not holding to them is dishonest (C18) that seeming to “turn to” as “authoritative” divine inspiration and biblical inerrancy while not holding to them is surreptitious (C19) that in my response, I was dishonest (C20) Before our discussion ever got started, in my first reply to your question, I made an apology *just in case* I had poorly expressed myself and thereby had been the one responsible for any misunderstandings of my own position that provoked your confrontational tone and barrage of questions. You see Paul, we don’t always know what the best word choice for our intentions will be until we see the aims, assumptions, misperceptions, and unshared meanings for those same words that belong to those who end up interpreting them. So re-wordings of one’s understanding are often the result of poor word choice, careless thinking, and hasty writing. But they don’t always result due to a deficiency in one’s capacity for proper word choice, critical thinking, and careful writing. No. Sometimes they are just the bane of language’s existence—reminding us of it’s painful limitations and shortcomings as the creation of finite creatures with imperfect skills. (C21) Upon further examination of the wording of your original question, I conclude that you never gave me sufficient reason to interpret the question as you had actually intended it, but sufficient reason to interpret it the manner I instinctively chose. Therefore, even though you were the one who hasten to judge me, I believe you now owe me an apology. I’m not holding my breath, but I am optimistic about others until they give me a reason not to be or pose an immediate threat to my family’s well being so as to require caution in keeping them safe. (C22) Now that I’ve established whose paying closer attention to whom, and who is being more careful with their word choices, I hope our dialogue does not continue to devolve into the basic meaning of basic words anymore, where poor word choice is blamed on me instead of simply clarified, or the harsh premature judgments of my motives and character. (C23) If you find yourself still opposed to me on this, the only way I would know how to move forward would be take each word of OE1 and OE2, parse each according to normative meanings, and challenge you find shared meanings matching your intentions anywhere in any other source. Or I could simply ask you this: Since it’s one thing to ask another what the source of her authority is, and another still to ask which authority between God and science she chooses to give ultimacy, please provide quotations from your original wording of the question, or any later articulation of it where that articulation is clearly indicated as the same question. Only evidence please. Make your case. ____——____—___—_-SHEEESH!!!!!! (D) Below I have teased out a number of what I see to be the meaning of some of your words to make it easy for you to read through and clarify if I have properly understood the intention behind the word choices of your expressions: (D1) that my argument included falsely depicting you as “shooting down science” which is not what you want to do (D2) that I’ve represented your argument as presenting a “false dichotomy” of choosing either the authority of science or choosing the authority of God (D3) that you never presented the issue as which authority (God or science) to choose between so I misunderstood the word choice in your expressions (D4) that you never intended to force me to choose between the authority of science and the authority of scripture as I had accused you of doing by the word choice found in your expressions (D5) that in what you have said, you do not set God’s authority “against” science (D6) you don’t have a problem with science (D7) you, on the contrary, love science (D8) you do not distrust science (D9) that the “only” issue was the question of which authority (science or God) I view as ultimate (D10) that your position places God’s authority above science (D11) that in placing God’s authority above science, you do not do so in a way that sets them contrary to, or against, one another (D12) Now the above leads me to logically conclude you could never see a scenario where one authority would actually contradict another in such a way as to force anyone committed to one to reject the other. (D13) Yet strangely, this is exactly what you continue to do in the choice of words found in your expressions where you present the question. (D14) I have provided examples below: <blockquote> I am curious to know Bradley, where does your authority come from… science or God? Now the question I am asking you is, do you take as authoritative what science tells us, or what scripture tells us? …science tells us about our origins, both for humanity and for the universe as a whole. Scripture tells a different story than what science does… When I read Genesis I have no qualms in saying that what it says is diametrically opposed to what evolutionary science has to say. </blockquote> (D15) Nowhere is it more clear that you do actually have a problem with science; that you do actually distrust science; that you do actually intend to make me choose between these two authorities in a zero-sum fashion; that the authority of one is contradicting the authority of another; that science is “against” God’s authority. (D16) The clarity of this reaches a peak when state the two are “diametrically opposed.” This statement was ironically followed by one of the rewordings of your question, which goes to prove that the intention of your original question is to have me choose between the two: <blockquote> Science tells us about our origins, both for humanity and for the universe as a whole. Scripture tells a different story than what science does. When I read Genesis I have no qualms in saying that what it says is diametrically opposed to what evolutionary science has to say. Jesus, in the New Testament, speaks of the Genesis account in a literal way, and speaks of Adam and Eve as historical persons who were created from the dust of the earth. Now the question I am asking you is, do you take as authoritative what science tells us, or what scripture tells us? </blockquote> (D17) May I remind you that you told me that you have no mistrust of science? I can assure that I don’t think it is self referentially absurd. <b>Only if you believe that I have some distrust of science can that premise be true, and I assure you that I don’t</b>. (E1) I would suspect there is a problem with your interpretation before I would call science into question. (E2) After all, a text can be “infallible” and “inerrant” in the most supreme way and to the furthest possible extent. The superiority of an authority and the method of exercising that authority are two different things. When it comes to the Bible, Christians believe God exercises his authority primarily through the true meaning of the Bible. But if its interpreters are so beset with human depravity, interpreting with an sinful heart, and prone to mistakes without any last “stronghold” or aspect of human nature to trust in, that I find good reason to not trust in myself or my own abilities, transcendency or supremacy of authority provides no more assurance that I can attain to a proper understanding of the meaning of such an authoritative and inerrant words. In fact, it actually creates a defeater, since whereas science does not and cannot provide prescriptive morality so as to make demands that address human depravity head on, we would have less reason to be prejudiced against it, seeing no threat or demand is necessarily placed on our moral lives. But with Scripture, humans have plenty of reason to be bias and prejudice in their interpretations of it. (E3) So long as it depends on one’s own ability to prevent any influence of the deeply troubling imperfections, depravities, and limitations of my heart and mind on my interpretation of such an inspired, authoritative, and inerrant message, there is no hope such doctrines offer her towards that end. If in fact we did not have to rely on ourselves, because correct interpretation of God’s words depended on God alone and was therefore most certain, we would not only be guaranteed an infallible message, but an infallible interpretation of it. Oh how wonderful such a scenario would be, and how our past in the West would’ve developed so differently, and how many mothers and their small children, for example, would’ve never had to be publicly disgraced and killed on account of heresy, since God’s protection would’ve prevented different interpretations, making human interpretation of God’s intended message and the message itself virtually impossible to distinguish! (E4) Now if my interpretation of an infallible and inerrant message fails to square with what we already know from some other authority that we trust, does it make sense for me to take for granted that my own interpretation is not to blame? Is it most faithful to what I already believe to instead mistrust science? Would we really trust in our own abilities as individual persons knowing we are prone to unpredictable and extensive error in our human interpretation, refusing to even consider favoring another authority we already have good reason to trust, an authority we already consider so trustworthy that in principle it can never be set “against” God’s authority, such as … say … science? I am arguing the more humble (and consistent) thing to do would be call into question one’s own fallible, imperfect, limited, and bias interpretation ability as applied in this case. (E5) I have constructed a rough-draft of an argument in attempts to analyze the components involved in thinking this way, and give you the opportunity to be very specific if you want to challenge any step of the argument: (E6.1) Messages using human words require interpretation to be understood properly (E6.2) The Bible is a message from God using human words (E6.3) Therefore, the Bible requires interpretation to be understood properly (E6.4) Human interpretation of messages communicated with human language has no protection from endless erring (E6.5) The Bible requires human interpretation of messages communicated with human language to be understood properly (E6.6) Therefore, nothing protects humans from endless erring in biblical interpretation (E6.7) Human interpretation cannot be trusted in principle (E6.8) Science can be trusted in principle (E6.9) Therefore, science can be trusted more than the human interpretation of Scripture (E6.10) Human interpretation of passage X in the Bible contradicts science (E6.11) Science should be trusted in principle, but human interpretation should not (E6.12) Therefore, human interpretation of passage X is in err (E7) Now Paul, if you believe (1) through (11) above, I can’t see why you ended up stuck with a war between God and science? If you do not agree with (1) through (11), please point out where it goes wrong—and don’t forget to distinguish between whether you think my conclusions are not following from the premises or whether the premises themselves are unsound, referring to them specifically using the numbers assigned above. (F1) I have also made a rough draft (you can help make it better) of an element of your argument, as best I understand it, below in parallel fashion: (F2.1a) The Bible is more inspired, inerrant, and authoritative than even science, (F3.1b) or transcends the authority of science (F3.2) Human interpretation of passage X in the Bible contradicts science (F3.3) Therefore, with respect to passage X in the Bible, one must choose between God’s authority and that of science (F3.4) Bradley chooses science over human interpretation of passage X (F3.5) Passage X has divine authority (F3.6) Therefore, Bradley’s action betrays God’s authority (F4) There are really unspoken premises needed to complete this argument in order for (6) to be a valid conclusion. You would have to establish, it seems to me, that the ultimacy of authority assigned to Scripture had some ability to make human interpretation more reliable in interpreting it. Or better yet - that when I chose science over human interpretation, I am really choosing human authority over God’s authority. Then I could see how I might be accused by you of failing to give ultimacy of authority it’s proper place in a divine-human hierarchy. (F5) I don’t want to address your example of Genesis, since you and I clearly have a vastly different appreciation for the science of hermeneutics, and the role of science in the art of interpretation—especially where the knowledge of the use of ancient languages, literary influences, known writing genres and their corresponding language practices, and historical and socio-political contexts becomes necessary for a responsible interpretation. Although your arguments sometimes seem to require beliefs about hermeneutics that I do not think are most advantageous to interpretive accuracy, it would seem this would entangle us in the question of interpretation instead of authority. But I don’t want to have that discussion because it’s not necessary at this point. Nevertheless … (G1) I will grant you your wish. (G2) I will answer your question, in spite of what appears to be a confused expression on your part about what you really mean, since you deny that you are forcing me to choose between the authority of science and the authority of God because you trust science’s authority in such a way that such a dilemma should not occur. And yet, I’ll answer your question anyway. For the sake of clarity, however, I want to place your question as close to my answer as possible so you see another irony: <blockquote> Now the question I am asking you is, do you take as authoritative what science tells us, or what scripture tells us? That is a pretty simple question and I would think it would be able to be answered in a fairly simple way. Yes or no would probably suffice. The reasons as to why you answer yes or no would require much further discussion I would suppose, but at least we would then have a starting point. </blockquote> (G3) Yes. (G4) Was that direct enough? I’ve answered your question. The one I was supposedly avoiding—thought I faced it head on. Not only this, but I have even accommodated myself for your convenience to answer your question in the exact fashion you suggested: with a “yes” or a “no.” My guess, however, is that you will still have some sort of hermeneutic of suspicion to apply to all this still, even when I’m bending over backwards to do as you ask, not only in answering your question directly, but using the limited choice of words you suggested for such a “simple” question. I have not only met your challenge, but I have done so in a manner I allowed you to chose, and after you have had the privilege of re-wording your question in attempts to clear up any doubts about its meaning. Are you happy about that? (G5) Can you stop accusing me of not answering your question? I would appreciate it. (H1) Now, irony of ironies. Although I am the one who was put on the stand and judged harshly by you as misrepresenting the word choice found in your expressions, it is actually you who are guilty of this. Below do not understand my argument to be that asking OE1 entails an dubious assumption in such a way that answering it with a “yes” or “no” would entail taking on that assumption. That is my position, but below you will see that you have recklessly misconstrued my position without even offering any reasons for why the wording in my expressions would require the meaning you are assigning to it, much less did you offer sufficient reasons for the same. <blockquote> It seems obvious to me that to you, to question where our ultimate authority lies, means that I must disregard what science has to say altogether! </blockquote> (H2) Here you claim not only that I have argued asking OE1 entails disregarding any truth claims reached on the basis of sciences’ authority, but that such a rendering of my position “seems obvious” (to you anyways). But after investigating again the words I used in expressing my position, I have failed to find any place in my reply where I make this argument or imply it logically. If you are going to advance this kind of careless interpretation, you need to quote me. Where do claim this? I am eager to discover in which place you see me making this argument. It is a stew man if I ever saw one. (H3) Now in my discourse with you, I assumed at the outset the inevitability that both of us ought to be humble enough to consider the possibility that defects exist in our communication and that we will at times choose words that in retrospect have to be clarified when their intended meaning fails to get through to the intended reader. Therefore, I open my own reply as follows: <blockquote> I may not be articulating this perfectly, so I am willing to clarify or restate anything I said if I have not chosen the right way to say it, but… </blockquote> (H4) In contrast to this, you not only blame me for the shortcoming of your own communication, but you go on to misrepresent my position—the very thing you seemed so indignant about when you perceived me to be the one guilty of doing this to you. This makes you guilty here of a kind of hypocrisy, being the aggressor who challenged me with a barrage of questions under suspicion of my impiety in the thread of my post. When I did not answer your question because I argued that doing so would entail sharing the assumption inherent in the words of it’s expression, you not only openly judged my motives and character, you then falsely accused me of being the one misrepresenting arguments when upon scrutiny it was you who were guilty of this. Understanding the intended meaning and analyzing the logic of the meaning of someone who decides to explain why she differs in opinion from yourself requires sufficient mental energy and attention in and of itself. I don’t see need to spend extra time and energy speculating about unspoken motives in the heart of the person who disagrees with you. After all, isn’t there supposed to be only one who can see the heart? (H5) It is a difficult enough task judging the secret, unspoken motives behind the words of persons you love most, persons you are close to you and see every day. With such loved persons you will have the deepest level of familiarity with the way they use language, how to place things they say in the larger context of what things you know about them and their character; you will become accustomed to their mannerisms and quirks. Yet, it is often difficult even with this we love most and care for most, to read properly the secret motives behind their words and actions. Much less, therefore, is it appropriate or wise for you to judge me so extensively, thinking of your hunches about my motives and character as somehow clever in spotting something “bad” in me, slandering me as purposefully avoiding your question because of my hidden motives. (H6) The fact that you would fail to think the best of me (whatever that would mean for you) is violation enough, but to make it part of the structure of your argument or message to me (being all too quick to judge) certainly appears to say more about you than it does about me. It is appropriate to the form of love to assume the best of others until they give you good reason not to assume the best of them. This is especially needed when you don’t see eye to eye with someone else, because everyone knows we be vulnerable to demonizing others with whom we find ourselves in sharp disagreement. I have no control over your imaginative suspicions of me as your interlocutor; I can’t help it if in your imagination you are unable to conceive of my motives as being being good, even if you think my arguments are flawed. It’s neither fair to me nor appropriate to the form of love and respectable, civil engagement in a forum such as this. (H7) I want to make one last argument in as a draw to a close. You used a certain kind of logic in your argument below that I want to borrow for my own argument: (H7.1) If the Scriptures are not divinely inspired (H7.2) then they are certainly not inerrant, (H7.3) and if they are not inerrant, (H7.4) then they certainly cannot be trusted, (H7.5) if they cannot be trusted (H7.6) they would certainly have no authority in what they say or teach. (H8) Below I have construed two arguments that appears to make the logic of own position problematic. (H8.1) If science is not divinely inspired (H8.2) then science is certainly not inerrant, (H8.3) and if science is not inerrant, (H8.4) then science certainly cannot be trusted, (H8.5) if science cannot be trusted (H8.6) science would certainly have no authority in what it says or teaches (H9.1) If human interpretation is not divinely inspired (H9.2) then human interpretation is certainly not inerrant, (H9.3) and if human interpretation is not inerrant, (H9.4) then human interpretation certainly cannot be trusted, (H9.5) if human interpretation cannot be trusted (H9.6) human interpretation would certainly have no authority in what it says or teaches (H9.7) what we understand as “God’s Word” depends on a correct interpretation of God’s Word (H9.8) therefore, the method we use to construe what is “God’s Word” cannot be trusted (H9.9) if “God’s Word” can be trusted in theory, but in practice amounts to human interpretation of it (H9.10) then anything concrete we intend to mean when we say “God’s Word” will amount to a particular human interpretation (H9.11) therefore, practically speaking, “God’s Word” cannot be trusted and has no authority in what it says or teaches (H10) If your own position is not problematic in this way, I have provided the numbering system for you to specify which parts of it to find fault. Be sure distinguish between soundness and validity of argument so it will be clear in what way you plan to make uncertain it’s conclusion—that is, by arguing my conclusion does not follow from the premises, or by arguing that one or more of the premises is unsound. (H11) If I have mistakenly chosen words that are ambiguous I will be glad to restate my meaning and clarify. Making logical blunders is not beyond me, but you’ll need to take advantage of my numbering system above to make a case. The lengths I have gone to in using them are intended for easy reference, which makes communication more efficient and makes it easier for you spot the exact error in my thinking and refer to it shorthand. If my arguments hold, your position is shockingly vulnerable again in a self-referentially absurd way. If nothing human interpretation or science says can be trusted based on your own logic, we have indeed arrived at an unintended absurdity as the byproduct of a misstep somewhere. (H12) Why do you trust human interpretation? Why do you trust science and assign to it authority? This brings me to my last point. <blockquote> …I can assure you that I don’t think it is self referentially absurd. </blockquote> (I) I’m not sure why you would respond to me as though I were misperceiving you in this way. Usually the people who believe an argument is self referentially absurd are not the one’s that are themselves also seeking to advance the absurd argument; as though you actually thought the argument that you were yourself advancing, was at the same time perceived by you to be self referentially absurd. And I’m not really interested in discussing so much which positions we find persuasive personally vs. which one’s we find unpersuasive, but rather on focusing attention on the logical consequences of adapting one view vs. another, and the demand for the totality of our adopted positions to be coherent once properly understood. When one person claims that another person has misunderstood their words, they get the chance to then clarify what their true position actually is on a matter. This is almost always progress. (I1) Unless of course, the person is confused about what position he or she actually holds, or has difficulty in choosing his or her words carefully enough to be sufficiently understood by those they accost with accusations, for whom the words are intended. We can neither hold to claims that themselves are problematic when there appear to be good reasons to believe the one claim is internally incompatible with another we also hold, so that without further tweaking or clarification, they do not appear rationally coherent together. And now I await your thoughts, and hope for a more gracious interaction from you. Bradley
              Welcoming Gavin Payne to Coeo        

    I’m very pleased to announce that Gavin Payne starts with us today as a Senior Consultant! Gavin11

    We’ve known Gavin for a while now through his work in the UK SQL Server Community and when a role came up in our consulting practice I took the opportunity to talk to him about it.

    Gavin brings a broad range of experience from his recent background as a Solution Architect and has a particular interest in virtualization which is very prominent in the work that we do so we’re thrilled to have him on board.

    He’s also presenting a couple of sessions at the upcoming SQLBits conference in Brighton where Coeo is once again sponsoring and exhibiting so be sure to congratulate him in person if you’re going to be there!

    Gavin has a prolific online presence so be sure to subscribe to his blog and follow him on twitter!

    Blog: http://blog.gavinpayneuk.com/

    Twitter: http://twitter.com/gavinpayneuk

    SQLBits: http://sqlbits.com/Speakers/Gavin_Payne

     

    Welcome Gavin!

    Christian Bolton  - MCA, MCM, MVP
    Technical Director
    http://coeo.com - SQL Server Consulting & Managed Services


              Linux hosts found as unknown or windows        

    I found that the problem was the virtual machine I was using for the scan, I installed Spiceworks on my pc and the scan works well.

    Thank you, Andrew, for your help.


              The Tai Chi Code Journal        
    Tai Chi Code:

    The learning and practice of tai chi is deep and subtle. It takes years of dedicated learning from learned teaching to be able to touch and peer into its profound value. Without the willingness to sacrifice time and effort and competent instruction, the a learner cannot fully appreciate tai chi’s magical depth – the internal martial art that can “deflect the force of a thousand pounds with a mere four ounces”. Tai chi then would remain an unreacheable secret . . . a virtual code for deciphering.


    Application to Everyday Living:

    What makes this code worthy of dedicated years of unraveling is the realization that this code is not just for martial purposes, but is in fact a key to solving present, 21st century issues of humanity.

    The rapid rate of change in life that is spawned by relentless development in science and technology tilts the balance towards human's over reliance on “hard” intellectualizing side– consequently causing the underdevelopment of his “softer” side. Given this, human solutions are generated predictably from the very same tendencies that are the very roots of the problems.

    The idea of tai chi is not to supplant the hard force of the intellect, but to balance and harmonize it with the soft, internal approach of sensing and feeling – the use of the subtle force of chi.

    The unraveling of this way holds the key to handling the problems that we face, near and far. From the daily stress that we feel, the personal conflicts that we endure, the chronic illnesses we suffer, to the global warming that threatens our planet – tai chi, in its depth and profundity holds a key. These problems are the “thousand pound issues” and by comparison, we, you and I, the tai chi enthusiasts of the world are a mere “four ounces of influence”. In tai chi, that is all we need if we can unravel the code.

    This prospect of making an impact in these real concerns that we face, not only globally but more immediately in our daily concerns on stress, health and relational conflicts, makes our investment of time, energy and resources to the unraveling the tai chi code worthwhile and meaningful, if not imperative.


    Learners’ Journal:

    Keeping a common learners’ journal suggests a different strategy to both the unraveling of the secret and discovering their application.

    First is the premise that we are all equally learners, althought at times in different levels. No tai chi master will honestly claim that he has nothing more to learn, particularly in the aspect of tai chi’s application in daily living. In fact, all teachers learn more than their students in the practice of teaching.

    Second is that we should learn from each other, regardless of level. The breadth of daily life application requires a groundswell of ideas-triggering-other-ideas from the kitchen to the boardroom. Every contribution of honest thinking is a grain of gold, a gem in the making.

    Third is that the magnitude of the problems we face requires not individual super heroes, but empowered ordinary individuals discovering their own unique talents that would be needed in concerted solution generation and implementation.

    Fourth is that this effort requires the constancy of a disciplined journal keeper. Developing the real martial spirit to honestly reflect and persistently concretize his realization into a clear thought.


    The Unraveling Method:

    Being self-organizing in nature like everything else in nature, this method is merely a suggestion. Ultimately, emergence from unforeseeable intuitive understanding connecting with other intuitive understandings will radiate out as synergistic alignments of coherent courses of action.

    Outcome orientation: It is helpful that we follow a practical approach to “begin with the end in mind”.

    As an art, every learner would find the method towards mastery if he is in the right direction. Finding the direction is the main goal, because then the eventual end would just be a matter of time and effort. Far too many of us learners are pointed in the wrong direction such that no amount of effort and time will lead us any closer to mastery. The originators of tai chi gave us the legacy of the tai chi classics that outline not only the outcomes but also the methods and steps towards achievement. Focusing on this and exposure to other learners realization in various levels will provide everyone the realizations to self-adjust one's direction towards mastery.

    As an application to daily living, our outcome is the specific desired effects we want in during the day as they relate to the broad areas of 1) stress and conflicts situations 2) personal healing, health and empowerment and 3) environmental healing.


    Solution generation:

    As tai chi learners, we shall seek from the tai chi classics and chi kung principles the metaphor that would apply as keys to find solutions to our everyday problems. Learning the principles, contemplating on the principles, practicing the principles in the form or push hands, we will not only learn deeply their subtle meaning but also find practical applications of these principles in our everyday life.

    The principles can be divided into two: being tai chi and doing tai chi. Eventually, they the division is lost and they become one, being is doing is being. Being tai chi refers to the principles in doing the form and standing meditation. Doing tai chi refers to the principles of push hands as applied to actual combat.

    We derive the principles from the “Tai Chi Classics” attributed to Chang San Feng, Wang Tsung Yueh, Wu Yu Hsiang and later day masters. We will clarify the principles with other concepts from the broader art of Chi Kung or the working with energy of which tai chi is a part. We will also search the professional discoveries in many field that can be used as part of the tai chi approaches for everyday life situations.


    A Worthy Quest:

    In this life, we may never ever use this art in self-defense, but the discipline, health, and inner strength we develop and the wisdom and skill to apply these skills in every day life would make our dedicated unraveling of the tai chi code and its application in everyday life worth more than every second and sweat we invested in it.

    ~ESS/ Manila Philippines/Copyright Pending
              Why Entertainment Weekly rocks        
    Check out # 6

    MUSIC
    1. FUNHOUSE, Pink
    Breaking up is no call to break down, as divorcée Pink gets some musical therapy on her powerful disc. Not that she has all the answers: ''Please Don't Leave Me'' eventually gives way to ''It's All Your Fault.''

    TV
    2. KRISTEN WIIG on 'Saturday Night Live'
    SNL stars come in two flavors: hams who do characters, and utility players who do everything else. Wiig is both.

    MOVIES
    3. THE CURIOUS CASE OF BENJAMIN BUTTON trailerBrad Pitt ages backward, while time rolls on for Cate Blanchett, as this bittersweet preview introduces two lovers forced to ''meet in the middle.''

    DVD
    4. REACH OUT Four Tops DVD
    Honor the recently departed Levi Stubbs with this disc featuring 22 of the Tops' best performances. The bonus? Previously unreleased a cappella mixes that will thrill purists.

    WEB
    5. POLADROID.NET
    If you miss the days of shakin' it like a Polaroid picture, this site lets you do it virtually, turning digital pics into classic-looking snaps.

    BOOKS
    6. BEAUTIFUL SHEEP, by Kathryn Dun
    Who needs an artful tome (with photos by Paul Farnham) touting the woolly belles of the barnyard? Ewe do.

    STAGE AND MOVIES
    7. KRISTIN SCOTT THOMAS in 'The Seagull' and 'I've Loved You So Long'
    Can't get to NYC for Scott Thomas' Broadway debut? Check out her starkly honest film role as an ex-con rediscovering her convictions.

    TV
    8. KEVIN MCKIDD on 'Grey's Anatomy'
    We loved him in Journeyman (axed) and Rome (ditto). Now McKidd has job security on Grey's as ex-Army doc McStudly, who's rocking Cristina's world...and ours.

    WEB
    9. MTVMUSIC.COM
    See? They do play videos. Groove old-school on Biz Markie and Dire Straits, then Rickroll yourself with ''Never Gonna Give You Up.''


    I can't quit reading the Twilight series, though book 4 sorta jumps the shark for me.

    Also Jacob, not Edward.


              ESME Team Member Meetups - Accidentally on Purpose        
    I feel a bit like Woody Allen's Zelig with the uncanny ability to insert oneself into some exceedingly interesting (historic) social environments as a famous nobody. It's like having a passport to be an official "fly on the wall" of some fascinating conversations. You get to be present, observe and on occasion document and record. That's the way I'll approach Office 2.0 this week and that seems to be my experience heretofore with the ESME folks.

    “Enterprise Social Media Experiment (ESME) is a Web 2.0 application that permits social network-based communication among, between, and outside organizational boundaries. ESME draws its development team from the SAP Community and includes both BPX'ers and business people with an interest in learning how social networks, the media they generate and business processes can be usefully co-mingled to deliver innovative solutions to old world problems.” (Darren Hague, Richard Hirsch and others in the SAP Community Contributor Corner wiki)

    When Dick Hirsch began to flesh out and realize the original BPX community project, it was obvious that he was a quintessential or model SAP business process expert: a professional with deep SAP technical acumen, experience of business modeling tools and process improvement methodologies, as well as an adept story teller with a keen journalistic eye and language.

    The ESME conversationalists list (those engaged in the collaborative conversation about ESME) looks like a “whose who” of some top SAP Community Network members.

    So being the declared online yenta I am (which is a grandmotherly busybody), I wanted to know more about those virtual members I haven’t yet had the pleasure to meet.

    I’m fortunate to go around the world these next few weeks and I’ll be rubbing shoulders with almost all of the ESME folks, some by purpose and design and a few, quite serendipitously (like in the case of David Pollack who happens to be with me this week at Office 2.0). There are even a few folks I got to meet-up with recently at their invitation, having nothing to do with ESME whatsoever. Such is the case with Jen Robinson and Kirsten Gay who I met with 2 weeks ago in the US SAP headquarters in Newtown Square when I was invited to meet with the team of Natalie Hanson an "anthropologist working in the business world" and Kirsten and Jen's manager.

    Kirsten and Jen happen to be members of the ESME team.

    I was interested in the skills they bring to the table and their internal portal work and particularly in their focus on the very human side of technology.

    Here's their brief bios:

    S Kirsten Gay is the Manager of User Experience at SAP America and experienced in user interface design, design team management, integration of design deliverables with market demands, and strategic development of design services for corporations, educational institutions and private clients.

    Jen Robinson, currently a lead in SAP's Global Business Knowledge Management Competency Center and an MBA student at NYU Stern whose professional interests include IT strategy, emerging technologies, entertainment, and new media.


              Discharged from the Trauma Unit and Discharging Some Emotion        
    Ironically while a rather heated debate rages on our SDN/BPX blogs around the topic of personal contents in the SAP blogsphere I am faced once again with a dilemma of what content is appropriate for which audience. Here in “A time to mourn a time to rejoice”, grannimari, can definitely share and discharge a day’s emotions and convey personal feelings, opinions and observations. Is that offensive in the business context? Where do we draw the line?

    Today was pretty dramatic. It started by waking up being alive. Now, I know that is what most of us perceive we do everyday, but considering last evening nearly had me dead, waking up alive was rather an occasion. In fact, I half-jokingly asked my husband last night if I was dreaming I had survived the rather serious car accident that a few hours previously had thrown my vehicle on to its side and forced this grandmother to confront her mortally in a stark way. I sincerely could not fathom that I wasn’t dead.

    Thankfully, the car that plowed into mine had passengers who sustained no injuries, but being trapped in an overturned vehicle, with the knowledge that my mortality was as finite and sure as any other disposable resource on this planet was very sobering. Modern technology provided means to alert my family to my predicament and to assure them that although badly shaken and my car totally destroyed, I was alive and well. But during the hours I lay in the trauma unit, being checked from head to toe, and very alone, I kept thinking how helpful it would be if I could reach my blackberry and punch in a few tweets. A kind of self medication and reaffirmation of life was what I imagined that ability to be.

    This morning I fulfilled that urge and the responses were heartening. Empathy is a powerful human need. I discovered a number of colleagues and friends and even virtual strangers (twitter followers who I really didn’t know at all) who sent caring words across the twitterverse and shared similar harrowing experiences.

    I have no lack of loving people in my immediate periphery. I’m blessed with a remarkable spouse and uniquely sensitive children and very close and good friends of long standing and steadfast support, many of them rallying around me yesterday and today. But how can I describe and celebrate the incredibly healing power of the kind words of virtual strangers?

    So I still deliberate over whether such content has any place in a public business environment, namely my SDN/BPX blog arena, while I haven’t the slightest qualms about posting these sentiments to my @marilynpratt twitter account and microblog environment. For whom do I post these? Actually, mostly for my business associates, who, if truth be told, are transformed in an instant to more familiar acquaintances in the context of these sharings. Today I was really grateful for that as well.

    Thanks for all your good wishes. They are very therapeutic.
              A Reason to Rejoice - Wedding, Sustainable Style        
    When my oldest daughter wed in a civil ceremony on the lawn of our municipal building a few years back, with the trees for her canopy and only her loving sibs and parents as witnesses, it seemed a really fitting choice for a young woman who seriously cares for the environment and celebrates simplicity, nature and modesty.
    We couldn't have been more pleased with her choice (in spouse or location) and we secretly wished that other such joyous events could transpire with such a minimum of stress, pomp and waste.
    Imagine our surprise yesterday when child 2 announced that he would be combining a visit to us with a similar request to wed; same location, same minimalist style.
    Now, it is not that I condemn rituals or decry formal celebrations or imagine that the rest of the brood will follow suit in this exact manner, but there is something so eminently pure about the choices of these two siblings that I need to stop and acknowledge their courage in daring to be different and dispense with extravegance.
    In these turbulent times of reckoning with the finite nature of the stuff of our planet, it is very refreshing to see young people choosing a method of commitment that doesn't entail inordinate amounts of waste. They have taught me to reexamine what tradition has schooled us to expect and instead of paroxysms of frenzied planning details, just delight in their assertion that such events needn't be extravagant to be meaningful.

    They arrive the fourth of July and with them a declaration of independence from the dependence on wedding stuff. The fireworks are virtual.
              Showbiz Sandbox 368: Virtual Reality is a Big Winner at the Cannes Film Festival        

    This year’s Cannes Film Festival came to an end over the weekend with the Palm d’Or being awarded to “The Square”, a comedy with socio-political overtones directed by Sweden’s Ruben Östlund. Sofia Coppola won the award for Best Director for “The Beguiled”, only the second time in the festival’s 70-year-history the prize went to a […]

    The post Showbiz Sandbox 368: Virtual Reality is a Big Winner at the Cannes Film Festival appeared first on Showbiz Sandbox.


              Showbiz Sandbox 358: The Skinny on YouTube’s New Live TV Service        

    With YouTube becoming the latest player to offer an over-the-top subscription streaming service it’s safe to say the the skinny television bundle has officially arrived. For $35 per month, subscribers can now get 40 channels of live TV including major networks and ESPN. YouTube TV also has a virtual DVR with no recording limits. YouTube […]

    The post Showbiz Sandbox 358: The Skinny on YouTube’s New Live TV Service appeared first on Showbiz Sandbox.


              Microsoft is making a keyboard cover for Apple’s iPad        
    While the iPad will always play second fiddle to the iPhone, it's been a hot topic over the past 24 hours. First, we learned from Apple's earnings report that iPad sales grew significantly for the first time in ages. Then, hours later, WinFuture spotted a surprising listing on a download page on Microsoft's website that seems to indicate that the company is working on an iPad Touch Cover. Back in April, Microsoft uploaded a series of PDF documents related to lithium batteries. Many of the items on the list were familiar Microsoft products, such as the HoloLens, the Surface Book, the Xbox One Battery Pack and dozens of Lumia and Nokia smartphones. But one items in particular stands out: "iPad Touch Cover (Model 1719)." So what exactly would a Microsoft iPad cover look like? Unfortunately, the related PDF file doesn't include any photos, mockups or sketches, but it does include one vital clue about the device: it will contain a small lithium battery, which implies that the case will also feature a wireless keyboard. As WinFuture points out, Logitech's iPad keyboard covers contain virtually the same batteries. The Touch Cover naming, which Microsoft has also used with Surface cases in the past, points to a keyboard on the inside of the case as well. Whether or not the Microsoft iPad Touch Cover ever sees the light of day remains to be seen, but the two companies have been collaborating more frequently in recent years. The Office suite finally came to the iPad and iPhone back in 2014 -- apps which just so happen to work better with keyboards.
              Showbiz Sandbox 328: Pokémon Finally Brings Augmented Reality to Life        

    After endless hype everyone is finally getting a chance to experience virtual reality and augmented reality in the best way possible; by playing a game. Pokémon Go was an instant hit when it launched recently for mobile phones. It’s literally and figuratively a game-changer and the first of what’s sure to be many new products […]

    The post Showbiz Sandbox 328: Pokémon Finally Brings Augmented Reality to Life appeared first on Showbiz Sandbox.


              Comment on SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION RESEARCH VIRTUAL INSTITUTE (SSERVI) LECTURE SERIES by Julie Tygielski        
    I confirmed with SSERVI Central that the talks will commence at 12PM Pacific Time and 3PM Eastern. The schedule is the same during Daylight Savings and Standard Time. An update has been posted with the format information. Thank you
              Comment on SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION RESEARCH VIRTUAL INSTITUTE (SSERVI) LECTURE SERIES by Julie Tygielski        
    Good afternoon, I confirmed with SSERVI Central that the talks will commence at 12PM Pacific Time and 3PM Eastern. The schedule is the same during Daylight Savings and Standard Time. An update has been posted with the format information. Thank you, Julie Tygielski
              Comment on SOLAR SYSTEM EXPLORATION RESEARCH VIRTUAL INSTITUTE (SSERVI) LECTURE SERIES by Venus Dispatches        
    Hi! Really looking forward to these talks. I want to make sure I don't miss any of them, but I'm confused about the starting time. This post says they begin at 3pm ET, yet the article sent along in the Planetary Exploration Newsletter and on the SSERVI page for the Seminar Series indicates both 12pm PDT and 3pm EST (and it gets more confusing since Daylight Saving Time ends in the middle of the seminar series on November 1). Can you please clarify the start times? Thx
              Download Windows Android - Android Emulator for PC        
    WindowsAndroid - Android Emulator for PC
    COPYRIGHT : KOS KOMPUTER

    WindowsAndroid adalah sebuah emulator android yang tidak berbeda jauh dengan emulator YouWave maupun BlueStacks. Emulator besutan socketeq ini memiliki tampilan antar muka yang hampir menyerupai dengan gadget android pada umumnya, anda pun dapat dengan mudah menginstall aplikasi maupun games apk untuk android dengan emulator yang satu ini. Yang lebih menarik lagi, emulator WindowsAndroid ini bersifat gratis (freeware) serta sudah menggunakan OS ICS (Ice cream sandwich) atau Android 4.0 dan merupakan satu-satunya emulator yang langsung di porting dari android ke windows (bukan virtualbox seperti YouWave atau BlueStack). Keren banget kan ?

    Screenshot

    Fitur
    1. Menggunakan OS Android v4.0 atau Ice cream sandwich.
    2. Support windows Vista, windows 7 dan windows 8.
    3. Sudah terintergrasi dengan aplikasi windows seperti Adobe Flash, Windows Media Player, dan aplikasi lainnya.
    4. Pengoperasiannya lebih smooth dan cepat
    5. Mendukung berbagai resolusin UI.
    6. Mendukung bebagai IO devices seperti mouse, keyboard, remote control, dan mendukung modus windows seperti layar penuh dsb.
    7. Include Google Playstore.

    Link download

    Installasi
    1. Download
    2. Install WindowsAndroid
    3. Enjoy
    ** Untuk menginstall aplikasi .apk caranya: Copy file apk ke (C:\SocketeQ\windowsandroid_root\system\app) kemudian restart WindowsAndroidnya.

    Note
    Di larang keras mereupload file emulator ke media hosting lainnya, Jika anda ingin berbagi di blog / web milik anda. Gunakan link download di atas atau TIDAK USAH SHARE SAMA SEKALI. Jika anda masih saja nekat untuk mereupload, jangan menyesal kalau pihak developer menghentikan project emulator ini.
              Licensing Databases In a Virtualized Environment – Eradicate the Terrorists Of Your Datacenter        


    Licensing databases in your datacenter is a complex task. Remaining compliant with the licensing agreement is also complex. You need to figure out what is fact (and legally binding), vs what is FUD or fiction (of no consequence to your contractual obligations). When it comes to Oracle this is a topic I have covered a lot […]


              Oracle FUD – The Phantom Menace: Licensing on VMware vSphere        


    I have written about the Oracle FUD when it comes to virtualized environments quite a bit before. Now it appears there is some new FUD circulating that might catch out unsuspecting customers. There is a new Phantom Menace from Oracle. This time it is to do with their interpretation of some new capabilities in VMware […]


              Oracle Licensing and Support on Nutanix Virtual Computing Platform        


    I’ve written quite a bit about Oracle virtualization in the past, as you can find on my Oracle Page. Now that I’m working with Nutanix I thought it was time to write about the topic of Oracle Licensing and Support on the Nutanix Virtual Computing Platform. This article will take you through the highlights that […]


              Fight the FUD – Oracle Licensing and Support on VMware vSphere        


    I keep hearing stories from Customers and Prospects where Oracle appears to be trying to deceive them for the purposes of extorting more license money from them than they are legally required to pay. I also keep hearing stories of Oracle telling them they would not be supported if they virtualized their Oracle systems on […]


              Mahoney Hopeful for Agreement on Proposals to Share Services        
    Onondaga County Executive Joanie Mahoney is optimistic that the ideas in her shared services proposal will save enough money to earn matching dollars from the state. The roughly 100 ideas aim to streamline and reduce the cost of local government. Mahoney released her plan last week, which is a combination of proposals from her office, and others from the consensus commission and municipalities. " We can implement virtually everything in this shared services report that will then save us money and have the added benefit of qualifying as a state match as the carrot that was used to bring us all to the table. Most people won't see a change in their daily lives.” But many of the ideas in the plan don’t yet list the potential savings, which could make them a harder sell for residents. Mahoney explains it can be hard to calculate until they know how many municipalities are willing to go along. "It was important in this first draft to let people know what kinds of things we're thinking about,
              Is Ethics Reform Dead (again) in Albany? Lawmakers Leave Without Voting on Oversight Measures        
    When the legislative session ended on June 21 st , lawmakers left behind a lot of unfinished business, including a failure to act on ethics reform proposals in light of an economic development scandal in the Cuomo Administration. There are majority party sponsors in each house of the legislature for a bill to add grater oversight to the state’s economic development contracts, but the measure failed to come to the floor for a vote. That’s despite the fact that nine former associates of Governor Cuomo are have been charged with bribery and bid rigging, among other crimes, and are set to go on trial as early as the fall. Ron Deutsch, with the union backed think tank Fiscal Policy Institute, says it’s a missed opportunity. “It’s another sad day in Albany,” said Deutsch. “We have the largest bid rigging scandal in state history, and we virtually ignored it.” Deutsch says the bill currently in the legislature is what he calls a “common sense” measure. It would reinstate oversight of the
              Adey MagnaClean Professional 2 filter 22mm & MC1 Rapide        
    Adey MagnaClean Professional 2 filter 22mm & MC1 Rapide

    Adey MagnaClean Professional 2 filter 22mm & MC1 Rapide

    MagnaClean® Professional 2 has been developed by the company that pioneered magnetic filtration. ADEY's filters protect more than three million heating systems in homes throughout Europe removing virtually 100% of the damaging suspended black oxide sludge that builds up in all heating systems. The dual-action filter can be installed anywhere on the main circuit. However, to achieve the best level of protection for the boiler, it is recommended that MagnaClean Professional 2 is fitted after the last radiator and before the boiler. Click HERE for Adey Specification Click HERE for Adey Installation and Servicing • In-line installation - In just two minutes  • Versatile installation options  • Compact installation for tight spaces  • Low profile drain valve - Easier servicing and dosing  • Improved valves - Greater reliability  • Twin reverse flow - Maximising debris capture  • Improved sheath design - Dual non-magnetic capture  • Rapid fit connectors for faster servicing  • High performance seals  • Air vent assembly  - See more at: http://www.adey.com/installers/filters/magnaclean-professional2#sthash.ymzeVltM.dpuf


              Adey Magnaclean Twin Tech 22mm        
    Adey Magnaclean Twin Tech 22mm

    Adey Magnaclean Twin Tech 22mm

    ADEY has extended its impressive product range with the addition ofMagnaClean TwinTech®, the company’s first dual-action magnetic and non-magnetic filter. Advances in recent years have now created a totally effective dual-action filter all in one, eliminating virtually 100% of suspended black iron oxide and all other non-magnetic particles and debris from the system. Offering exceptional magnetic and non-magnetic filtration,MagnaClean TwinTechsets the highest industry standards in domestic central heating system maintenance and protection, eliminating virtually 100% of suspended black iron oxide and all other non-magnetic debris. Dual action system protectionSimple installation and effortless servicing, saving time and moneyReduces household energy heating bills by up to 6% annuallyExceptional magnetic and non-magnetic captureReduced carbon emissionsNo ongoing running costs Click Here for Product Information PDF Click Here of Installation & Servicing PDF


              About Jackie Robinson        

    Who was Jackie Robinson?

     

    Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was the first black Major League Baseball. Robinson broke the baseball color barrier when he signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. As the first black man to play in the major leagues, (aside from the 1880s, before the MLB was organized) he is most known for bringing social justice to baseball, which had seperate leagues for blacks (the Negro leagues) and whites for six decades. His character and skills are what helped him challenge the traditional basis of segregation, which was prevalent in all areas of American Life, and was a catalyst to the Civil Rights Movement. Robinson was not just any other baseball player, he strived for success and achieved it, as he helped the Dodgers get to six World Series' and win it all in 1955. He was Rookie of the Year in 1947, MVP in 1949 and a six time All-Star from 1949-1954. He was then inducted to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown in 1962 followed by all of MLB retiring the Jackie Robinson Jersey: number 42, in 1997, an honor reserved solely to Robinson. 

    Pre Baseball Life

    Jackie was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, to a family of farmers during a Spanish flu and smallpox epidemic. He was the youngest of five children, after his brothers Edgar, Frank, Matthew, and Willa Mae. He was named "Roosevelt" as a middle name, in honor of former President Theodore Roosevelt, who died earier that month. The Robinson's moved to 121 Pepper Street in Pasadena, California after their father left them in 1920. Their mother worked various jobs to support them as they grew up in relative poverty even though Pasadena was considered an affluent place. They attended Washington Junior High School followed by Muir Tech High School. The Robinsons were superb athletes. Matthew was a silver medalist in the 1936 Olympics and he and Frank inspired Jackie to seriously pursue a career in sports. Jackie played on the Muir Tech football team as quarterback, basketball team as a guard, track team as a jumper, tennis team and baseball team as both a catcher and shortstop. In 1936, he won a Tennis Tournament and played in the Pomona baseball tournament all star team with fellow future Hall of Famers Ted Williams and Bob Lemon. 

    After High School, Jackie went on to Pasadena Junior College where he continued his involvement in sports. He also was elected to the Lancers, a local organization responsible for helping patrol school activities. In 1938, Jackie joined the All-Southland Junior College baseball team and was selected as that years MVP. He also received honors for his outstanding community service, even though he sometimes acted against those around him who seemed racist. While playing football for PJC, Jackie broke his ankle. A few days before Jackie's 19th birthday he was arrested for vocally disputing the arrest of a black friend of his. He quickly earned a reputation for being one who won't shy away from beligerrance in the face of racism.

    After graduating from PJC, Jackie's brother, Frank, was killed in a motorcycle accident which helped Jackie make a decision to move to L.A. where he could console Frank's family. Jackie decided to attend UCLA where he met is future wife, Rachel Isum, and won varsity letters in all the major sports. He won the 1940 NCAA Mens Outdoor Track and Field Championship in the Long Jump,jumping a whopping 24 Feet 10.5 Inches. Ironically, in that year, robinson batted .097 for the UCLA baseball squad. In 1941, he took a job with the NYA as an assistant athletic director, as it would have been impossible for him to get a job as a proffesional athlete due to the color barrier. Later that year he traveled to Hawaii where he had an opportunity to play for the racially mixed semi-pro Honolulu Bears' football team. After that season he would move back to L.A. to play for a local football team, not realizing that the US involvement in World War 2 would sidetrack him for a little while and end his short football career.

    Robinson was drafted to the Army in 1942 and was stationed in Fort Riley, Kansas. Throughout his 3 plus years in the Army, he was always treated as a subordinate by the White controlled military. He still managed to become a second lieutenant in 1943, and joined the Black Panthers Tank Battallion, the first Black tank unit to see combat in WWII. However, jackie was never in combat. After getting engaged to his College sweetheart, Rachel, he was sidelined after injuring the same ankle he hurt back in high school. He would finish his army service as a coach for army athletes until 1944 when he was discharged. While in the Army, Robinson made close ties with boxer, Joe Louis, as they helped each other struggle in the white dominated Army.

    In early 1945, after working some part time coaching jobs, Jackie received an offer from the Kansas City Monarchs to Play professional Baseball in the Negro Leagues. He signed a contract worth $400 a month as he played for the Monarchs for 1 Season. He played 47 games at shortstop batting .387. The Negro leagues were'nt for Jackie as he didn't like their unorganized style. Luckily he received a secret offer from the GM of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Branch Rickey, to come to NY and play for their Minor League team. They offered him $600 a month on the condition that he would be able to take abuse from other players for being the only black, but contain himself from fighting back. Jackie accepted, and immediately left the Monarchs for NYC where he would marry Rachel Isum, who was in NY studying to be a Nurse. Jackie would start with the Dodgers' AAA club in Daytona Beach, FL that next season.

    Baseball Career

    In 1946, Robinson arrived at Daytona Beach, Florida, for spring training with the Montreal Royals of the Class AAA International League (the designation of "AAA" for the highest level of minor league baseball was first used in the 1946 season). Robinson's presence was controversial in racially charged Florida. As he was not allowed to stay with his teammates at the team hotel, he lodged instead at the home of a local black politician. Since the Dodgers organization did not own a spring training facility (the Dodger-controlled spring training compound in Vero Beach known as "Dodgertown" did not open until spring 1948), scheduling was subject to the whim of area localities, several of which turned down any event involving Robinson or Johnny Wright, another black player whom Rickey had signed to the Dodgers' organization in January. In Sanford, Florida, the police chief threatened to cancel games if Robinson and Wright did not cease training activities there; as a result, Robinson was sent back to Daytona Beach. In Jacksonville, the stadium was padlocked shut without warning on game day, by order of the city's Parks and Public Property director. In DeLand, a scheduled day game was called off, ostensibly because of faulty electrical lighting.

    After much lobbying of local officials by Rickey himself, the Royals were allowed to host a game involving Robinson in Daytona Beach. Robinson made his Royals debut at Daytona Beach's City Island Ballpark on March 17, 1946, in an exhibition game against the team's parent club, the Dodgers. Robinson thus simultaneously became the first black player to openly play for a minor league team and against a major league team since the de facto baseball color line had been implemented in the 1880s. Later in spring training, after some less-than-stellar performances, Robinson was shifted from shortstop to second base, allowing him to make shorter throws to first base. Robinson's performance soon rebounded. On April 18, 1946, Roosevelt Stadium hosted the Jersey City Giants' season opener against the Montreal Royals, marking the professional debut of the Royals' Jackie Robinson. In his five trips to the plate, Robinson had four hits, including a three-run home run. He also scored four runs, drove in three, and stole two bases in the Royals' 14–1 victory. Robinson proceeded to lead the International League that season with a .349 batting average and .985 fielding percentage, and he was named the league's Most Valuable Player. Although he often faced hostility while on road trips (the Royals were forced to cancel a Southern exhibition tour, for example), the Montreal fan base enthusiastically supported Robinson. Whether fans supported or opposed it, Robinson's presence on the field was a boon to attendance; more than one million people went to games involving Robinson in 1946, an amazing figure by International League standards. In the fall of 1946, following the baseball season, Robinson returned home to California and briefly played professional basketball for the short-lived Los Angeles Red Devils.

    The following year, six days before the start of the 1947 season, the Dodgers called Robinson up to the major leagues. With Eddie Stanky entrenched at second base for the Dodgers, Robinson played his initial major league season as a first baseman. On April 15, 1947, Robinson made his major league debut at Ebbets Field before a crowd of 26,623 spectators, including more than 14,000 black patrons. Although he failed to get a base hit, the Dodgers won 5–3. Robinson became the first player since 1880 to openly break the major league baseball color line. Black fans began flocking to see the Dodgers when they came to town, abandoning their Negro league teams.

    Robinson's promotion met a generally positive, although mixed, reception among newspapers and white major league players. However, racial tension existed in the Dodger clubhouse. Some Dodger players insinuated they would sit out rather than play alongside Robinson. The brewing mutiny ended when Dodgers management took a stand for Robinson. Manager Leo Durocher informed the team, "I do not care if the guy is yellow or black, or if he has stripes like a fuckin' zebra. I'm the manager of this team, and I say he plays. What's more, I say he can make us all rich. And if any of you cannot use the money, I will see that you are all traded."

    Robinson was also derided by opposing teams. Some, notably the St. Louis Cardinals, threatened to strike if Robinson played. After the threat, National League President Ford Frick and Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler let it be known that any striking players would be suspended. Robinson nonetheless became the target of rough physical play by opponents (particularly the Cardinals). At one time, he received a seven-inch gash in his leg. On April 22, 1947, during a game between the Dodgers and the Philadelphia Phillies, Phillies players called Robinson a "nigger" from their dugout and yelled that he should "go back to the cotton fields". Rickey later recalled that Phillies manager Ben Chapman "did more than anybody to unite the Dodgers. When he poured out that string of unconscionable abuse, he solidified and united thirty men."

    Robinson received significant encouragement from several major league players. Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese once came to Robinson's defense with the famous line, "You can hate a man for many reasons. Color is not one of them." In 1948, Reese put his arm around Robinson in response to fans who shouted racial slurs at Robinson before a game in Cincinnati. A statue by sculptor William Behrends, unveiled at KeySpan Park on November 1, 2005, commemorates this event by representing Reese with his arm around Robinson. Jewish baseball star Hank Greenberg, who had to deal with racial epithets during his career, also encouraged Robinson. After colliding with Robinson at first base on one occasion, Greenberg whispered a few words into Robinson's ear, which Robinson later characterized as "words of encouragement." Greenberg had advised him that the best way to combat the slurs from the opposing players was to beat them on the field.

    Robinson finished the season having played in 151 games for the Dodgers, with a batting average of .297, an on-base percentage of .383, and a .427 slugging percentage. He had 175 hits (scoring 125 runs) including 31 doubles, 5 triples, 12 home runs, driving in 48 runs for the year. Robinson led the league in sacrifice hits, with 28, and in stolen bases, with 29. His cumulative performance earned him the inaugural Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award (separate National and American League Rookie of the Year honors were not awarded until 1949).

    Following Stanky's trade to the Boston Braves in March 1948, Robinson took over second base, where he logged a .980 fielding percentage that year (second in the National League at the position, fractionally behind Stanky). Robinson had a batting average of .296 and 22 stolen bases for the season. In a 12–7 win against the St. Louis Cardinals on August 29, 1948, he hit for the cycle—a home run, a triple, a double, and a single in the same game. The Dodgers briefly moved into first place in the National League in late August 1948, but they ultimately finished third as the Braves went on to win the league title and lose to the Cleveland Indians in the World Series.

    Racial pressure on Robinson eased in 1948 as a number of other black players entered the major leagues. Larry Doby (who broke the color barrier in the American League on July 5, 1947) and Satchel Paige played for the Cleveland Indians, and the Dodgers had three other black players besides Robinson. In February 1948, he signed a $12,500 contract (equal to $120,914 today) with the Dodgers; while a significant amount, this was less than Robinson made in the off-season from a vaudeville tour, where he answered pre-set baseball questions, and a speaking tour of the South. Between the tours, he underwent surgery on his right ankle. Because of his off-season activities, Robinson reported to training camp 30 pounds (14 kg) overweight. He lost the weight during training camp, but dieting left him weak at the plate.

    In the spring of 1949, Robinson turned to Hall of Famer George Sisler, working as an advisor to the Dodgers, for batting help. At Sisler's suggestion, Robinson spent hours at a batting tee, learning to hit the ball to right field. Sisler taught Robinson to anticipate a fastball, on the theory that it is easier to subsequently adjust to a slower curveball. Robinson also noted that "Sisler showed me how to stop lunging, how to check my swing until the last fraction of a second". The tutelage helped Robinson raise his batting average from .296 in 1948 to .342 in 1949. In addition to his improved batting average, Robinson stole 37 bases that season, was second place in the league for both doubles and triples, and registered 124 runs batted in with 122 runs scored. For the performance Robinson earned the Most Valuable Player award for the National League. Baseball fans also voted Robinson as the starting second baseman for the 1949 All-Star Game—the first All-Star Game to include black players.

    That year, a song about Robinson by Buddy Johnson, "Did You See Jackie Robinson Hit That Ball?", reached number 13 on the charts; Count Basie recorded a famous version. Ultimately, the Dodgers won the National League pennant, but lost in five games to the New York Yankees in the 1949 World Series.

    Summer 1949 brought an unwanted distraction for Robinson. In July, he was called to testify before the United States House of Representatives' Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) concerning statements made that April by black athlete and actor Paul Robeson. Robinson was reluctant to testify, but he eventually agreed to do so, fearing it might negatively affect his career if he declined.

    In 1950, Robinson led the National League in double plays made by a second baseman with 133. His salary that year was the highest any Dodger had been paid to that point: $35,000 ($338,091 in 2012 dollars). He finished the year with 99 runs scored, a .328 batting average, and 12 stolen bases. The year saw the release of a film biography of Robinson's life, The Jackie Robinson Story, in which Robinson played himself, and actress Ruby Dee played Rachael "Rae" (Isum) Robinson. The project had been previously delayed when the film's producers refused to accede to demands of two Hollywood studios that the movie include scenes of Robinson being tutored in baseball by a white man. The New York Times wrote that Robinson, "doing that rare thing of playing himself in the picture's leading role, displays a calm assurance and composure that might be envied by many a Hollywood star."

    Robinson's Hollywood exploits, however, did not sit well with Dodgers co-owner Walter O'Malley, who referred to Robinson as "Rickey's prima donna". In late 1950, Rickey's contract as the Dodgers' team President expired. Weary of constant disagreements with O'Malley, and with no hope of being re-appointed as President of the Dodgers, Rickey cashed out his one-quarter financial interest in the team, leaving O'Malley in full control of the franchise. Rickey shortly thereafter became general manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Robinson was disappointed at the turn of events and wrote a sympathetic letter to Rickey, whom he considered a father figure, stating, "Regardless of what happens to me in the future, it all can be placed on what you have done and, believe me, I appreciate it."

    Before the 1951 season, O'Malley reportedly offered Robinson the job of manager of the Montreal Royals, effective at the end of Robinson's playing career. O'Malley was quoted in the Montreal Standard as saying, "Jackie told me that he would be both delighted and honored to tackle this managerial post"—although reports differed as to whether a position was ever formally offered.

    During the 1951 season, Robinson led the National League in double plays made by a second baseman for the second year in a row, with 137. He also kept the Dodgers in contention for the 1951 pennant. During the last game of the season, in the 13th inning, he had a hit to tie the game, and then won the game with a home run in the 14th. This forced a playoff against the New York Giants, which the Dodgers lost.

    Despite Robinson's regular-season heroics, the Dodgers lost the pennant on Bobby Thomson's famous home run, known as the Shot Heard 'Round the World, on October 3, 1951. Overcoming his dejection, Robinson dutifully observed Thomson's feet to ensure he touched all the bases. Dodgers sportscaster Vin Scully later noted that the incident showed "how much of a competitor Robinson was." He finished the season with 106 runs scored, a batting average of .335, and 25 stolen bases.

    Robinson had what was an average year for him in 1952. He finished the year with 104 runs, a .308 batting average, and 24 stolen bases. He did, however, record a career-high on-base percentage of .436. The Dodgers improved on their performance from the year before, winning the National League pennant before losing the 1952 World Series to the New York Yankees in seven games. That year, on the television show Youth Wants to Know, Robinson challenged the Yankees' general manager, George Weiss, on the racial record of his team, which had yet to sign a black player. Sportswriter Dick Young, whom Robinson had described as a "bigot", said, "If there was one flaw in Jackie, it was the common one. He believed that everything unpleasant that happened to him happened because of his blackness." The 1952 season was the last year Robinson was an everyday starter at second base. Afterward, Robinson played variously at first, second, and third bases, shortstop, and in the outfield, with Jim Gilliam, another black player, taking over everyday second base duties. Robinson's interests began to shift toward the prospect of managing a major league team. He had hoped to gain experience by managing in the Puerto Rican Winter League, but according to the New York Post, Commissioner Happy Chandler denied the request.

    In 1953, Robinson had 109 runs, a .329 batting average, and 17 steals, leading the Dodgers to another National League pennant (and another World Series loss to the Yankees, this time in six games). Robinson's continued success spawned a string of death threats. He was not dissuaded, however, from addressing racial issues publicly. That year, he served as editor for Our Sports magazine, a periodical focusing on Negro sports issues; contributions to the magazine included an article on golf course segregation by Robinson's old friend Joe Louis. Robinson also openly criticized segregated hotels and restaurants that served the Dodger organization; a number of these establishments integrated as a result, including the five-star Chase Park Hotel in St. Louis.

    In 1954, Robinson had 62 runs, a .311 batting average, and 7 steals. His best day at the plate was on June 17, when he hit two home runs and two doubles. The following autumn, Robinson won his only championship when the Dodgers beat the New York Yankees in the 1955 World Series. Although the team enjoyed ultimate success, 1955 was the worst year of Robinson's individual career. He hit .256 and stole only 12 bases. The Dodgers tried Robinson in the outfield and as a third baseman, both because of his diminishing abilities and because Gilliam was established at second base. Robinson, then 37 years old, missed 49 games and did not play in Game 7 of the World Series. Robinson missed the game because manager Walter Alston decided to play Gilliam at second and Don Hoak at third base. That season, the Dodgers' Don Newcombe became the first black major league pitcher to win twenty games in a year.

    In 1956, Robinson had 61 runs, a .275 batting average, and 12 steals. By then, he had begun to exhibit the effects of diabetes, and to lose interest in the prospect of playing or managing professional baseball. After the season, Robinson was traded by the Dodgers to the arch-rival New York Giants for Dick Littlefield and $35,000 cash (equal to $299,192 today). The trade, however, was never completed; unbeknownst to the Dodgers, Robinson had already agreed with the president of Chock full o'Nuts to quit baseball and become an executive with the company. Since Robinson had sold exclusive rights to any retirement story to Look magazine two years previously,[165&91; his retirement decision was revealed through the magazine, instead of through the Dodgers organization.

    Legacy

    Robinson's major league debut brought an end to approximately sixty years of segregation in professional baseball, known as the baseball color line. After World War II, several other forces were also leading the country toward increased equality for blacks, including their accelerated migration of to the North, where their political clout grew, and President Harry Truman's desegregation of the military in 1948. Robinson's breaking of the baseball color line and his professional success symbolized these broader changes and demonstrated that the fight for equality was more than simply a political matter. Martin Luther King, Jr. said that he was "a legend and a symbol in his own time", and that he "challenged the dark skies of intolerance and frustration." According to historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, Robinson's "efforts were a monumental step in the civil-rights revolution in America ... [His&91; accomplishments allowed black and white Americans to be more respectful and open to one another and more appreciative of everyone's abilities."

    Beginning his major league career at the relatively advanced age of twenty-eight, he played only ten seasons, all of them for the Brooklyn Dodgers. During his career, the Dodgers played in six World Series, and Robinson himself played in six All-Star Games. In 1999, he was posthumously named to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

    Robinson's career is generally considered to mark the beginning of the post–"long ball" era in baseball, in which a reliance on raw power-hitting gave way to balanced offensive strategies that used footspeed to create runs through aggressive baserunning. Robinson exhibited the combination of hitting ability and speed which exemplified the new era. He scored more than 100 runs in six of his ten seasons (averaging more than 110 runs from 1947 to 1953), had a .311 career batting average, a .409 career on-base percentage, a .474 slugging percentage, and substantially more walks than strikeouts (740 to 291). Robinson was one of only two players during the span of 1947–56 to accumulate at least 125 steals while registering a slugging percentage over .425 (Minnie Miñoso was the other). He accumulated 197 stolen bases in total, including 19 steals of home. None of the latter were double steals (in which a player stealing home is assisted by a player stealing another base at the same time). Robinson has been referred to by author David Falkner as "the father of modern base-stealing."

    "I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me ... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being." —Robinson, on his legacy

     

    Historical statistical analysis indicates Robinson was an outstanding fielder throughout his ten years in the major leagues and at virtually every position he played. After playing his rookie season at first base, Robinson spent most of his career as a second baseman. He led the league in fielding among second basemen in 1950 and 1951. Toward the end of his career, he played about 2,000 innings at third base and about 1,175 innings in the outfield, excelling at both.

    Assessing himself, Robinson said, "I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me ... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being." Regarding Robinson's qualities on the field, Leo Durocher said, "Ya want a guy that comes to play. This guy didn't just come to play. He come to beat ya. He come to stuff the goddamn bat right up your ass."

    Post-baseball life

    Robinson as ABC sports announcer in 1965

    Robinson retired from baseball on January 5, 1957. Later that year, after he complained of numerous physical ailments, his doctors diagnosed Robinson with diabetes, a disease that also affected his brothers. Although Robinson adopted an insulin injection regimen, the state of medicine at the time could not prevent continued deterioration of Robinson's physical condition from the disease.

    In his first year of eligibility for the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962, Robinson encouraged voters to consider only his on-field qualifications, rather than his cultural impact on the game. He was elected on the first ballot, becoming the first black player inducted into the Cooperstown museum.

    In 1965, Robinson served as an analyst for ABC's Major League Baseball Game of the Week telecasts, the first black person to do so. In 1966, Robinson was hired as general manager for the short-lived Brooklyn Dodgers of the Continental Football League. In 1972, he served as a part-time commentator on Montreal Expos telecasts.

    On June 4, 1972, the Dodgers retired his uniform number, 42, alongside those of Roy Campanella (39) and Sandy Koufax (32). From 1957 to 1964, Robinson was the vice president for personnel at Chock full o'Nuts; he was the first black person to serve as vice president of a major American corporation. Robinson always considered his business career as advancing the cause of black people in commerce and industry. Robinson also chaired the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) million-dollar Freedom Fund Drive in 1957, and served on the organization's board until 1967. In 1964, he helped found, with Harlem businessman Dunbar McLaurin, Freedom National Bank—a black-owned and operated commercial bank based in Harlem. He also served as the bank's first Chairman of the Board. In 1970, Robinson established the Jackie Robinson Construction Company to build housing for low-income families.

    Robinson was active in politics throughout his post-baseball life. He identified himself as a political independent although he held conservative opinions on several issues, including the Vietnam War (he once wrote Martin Luther King, Jr. to defend the Johnson Administration's military policy). After supporting Richard Nixon in his 1960 presidential race against John F. Kennedy, Robinson later praised Kennedy effusively for his stance on civil rights. Robinson was angered by conservative Republican opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. He became one of six national directors for Nelson Rockefeller's unsuccessful campaign to be nominated as the Republican candidate for the 1964 presidential election. After the party nominated Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona instead, Robinson left the party's convention commenting that he now had "a better understanding of how it must have felt to be a Jew in Hitler's Germany". He later became special assistant for community affairs when Rockefeller was re-elected governor of New York in 1966. Switching his allegiance to the Democrats, he subsequently supported Hubert Humphrey against Nixon in 1968.

    Protesting the major leagues' ongoing lack of minority managers and central office personnel, Robinson turned down an invitation to appear in an old-timers' game at Yankee Stadium in 1969. He made his final public appearance on October 15, 1972, throwing the ceremonial first pitch before Game 2 of the World Series. He gratefully accepted a plaque honoring the twenty-fifth anniversary of his MLB debut, but also commented, "I'm going to be tremendously more pleased and more proud when I look at that third base coaching line one day and see a black face managing in baseball." This wish was fulfilled only after Robinson's death: following the 1974 season, the Cleveland Indians gave their managerial post to Frank Robinson (no relation), a Hall of Fame-bound player who would go on to manage three other teams. Despite the success of these two Robinsons and other black players, the number of African-American players in Major League Baseball has declined since the 1970s.

    Family life and death

    After Robinson's retirement from baseball, his wife, Rachel Robinson, pursued a career in academic nursing—she became an assistant professor at the Yale School of Nursing and director of nursing at the Connecticut Mental Health Center. She also served on the board of the Freedom National Bank until it closed in 1990. She and Jackie had three children: Jackie Robinson Jr. (born November 18, 1946), Sharon Robinson (born January 13, 1950), and David Robinson (born May 14, 1952).

    Robinson's eldest son, Jackie Robinson Jr., had emotional trouble during his childhood and entered special education at an early age. He enrolled in the Army in search of a disciplined environment, served in the Vietnam War, and was wounded in action on November 19, 1965. After his discharge, he struggled with drug problems. Robinson Jr. eventually completed the treatment program at Daytop Village in Seymour, Connecticut, and became a counselor at the institution. On June 17, 1971, at the age of 24, he was killed in an automobile accident. The experience with his son's drug addiction turned Robinson, Sr. into an avid anti-drug crusader toward the end of his life.

    Robinson did not long outlive his son. Complications of heart disease and diabetes weakened Robinson and made him almost blind by middle age. On October 24, 1972, he died of a heart attack at home in Stamford, Connecticut, aged fifty-three. Robinson's funeral service on October 27, 1972, at New York City's Riverside Church attracted 2,500 admirers. Many of his former teammates and other famous black baseball players served as pallbearers, and the Rev. Jesse Jackson gave the eulogy. Tens of thousands of people lined the subsequent procession route to Robinson's interment site at Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, where he is buried next to his son Jackie and mother-in-law Zellee Isum. Jackie Robinson Parkway also runs through the cemetery.

    After Robinson's death, his widow founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation, of which she remains an officer as of 2009. On April 15, 2008, she announced that in 2010 the foundation will be opening a museum devoted to Jackie in Lower Manhattan. Robinson's daughter, Sharon, became a midwife, educator, director of educational programming for MLB, and the author of two books about her father. His youngest son, David, who has ten children, is a coffee grower and social activist in Tanzania.

    Awards and recognition

    According to a poll conducted in 1947, Robinson was the second most popular man in the country, behind Bing Crosby. In 1999, he was named by Time on its list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Also in 1999, he ranked number 44 on the Sporting News list of Baseball's 100 Greatest Players and was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team as the top vote-getter among second basemen. Baseball writer Bill James, in The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, ranked Robinson as the 32nd greatest player of all time strictly on the basis of his performance on the field, noting that he was one of the top players in the league throughout his career. Robinson was among the 25 charter members of UCLA’s Athletics Hall of Fame in 1984. In 2002, Molefi Kete Asante included Robinson on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans. Robinson has also been honored by the United States Postal Service on three separate postage stamps, in 1982, 1999, and 2000.

    The City of Pasadena has recognized Robinson in several ways. Brookside Park, situated next to the Rose Bowl, features a baseball diamond and stadium named Jackie Robinson Field. The city's Human Services Department operates the Jackie Robinson Center, a community outreach center that provides early diabetes detection and other services. In 1997, a $325,000 bronze sculpture (equal to $470,522 today) by artists Ralph Helmick, Stu Schecter, and John Outterbridge depicting oversized nine-foot busts of Robinson and his brother Mack was erected at Garfield Avenue, across from the main entrance of Pasadena City Hall; a granite footprint lists multiple donors to the commission project, which was organized by the Robinson Memorial Foundation and supported by members of the Robinson family.

    Major League Baseball has honored Robinson many times since his death. In 1987, both the National and American League Rookie of the Year Awards were renamed the "Jackie Robinson Award" in honor of the first recipient (Robinson's Major League Rookie of the Year Award in 1947 encompassed both leagues). On April 15, 1997, Robinson's jersey number, 42, was retired throughout Major League Baseball, the first time any jersey number had been retired throughout one of the four major American sports leagues.

    As an exception to the retired-number policy, MLB has recently begun honoring Robinson by allowing players to wear number 42 on April 15, Jackie Robinson Day. For the 60th anniversary of Robinson's major league debut, MLB invited players to wear the number 42 on Jackie Robinson Day in 2007. The gesture was originally the idea of outfielder Ken Griffey, Jr., who sought Rachel Robinson's permission to wear the number. After receiving her permission, Commissioner Bud Selig not only allowed Griffey to wear the number, but also extended an invitation to all major league teams to do the same. Ultimately, more than 200 players wore number 42, including the entire rosters of the Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Mets, Houston Astros, Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, Milwaukee Brewers, and Pittsburgh Pirates. The tribute was continued in 2008, when, during games on April 15, all members of the Mets, Cardinals, Washington Nationals, and Tampa Bay Rays wore Robinson's number 42. On June 25, 2008, MLB installed a new plaque for Robinson at the Baseball Hall of Fame commemorating his off-the-field impact on the game as well as his playing statistics. In 2009, all uniformed personnel (players, managers, coaches, and umpires) wore number 42 on April 15.

    At the November 2006 groundbreaking for a new ballpark for the New York Mets, Citi Field, it was announced that the main entrance, modeled on the one in Brooklyn's old Ebbets Field, would be called the Jackie Robinson Rotunda. The rotunda was dedicated at the opening of Citi Field on April 16, 2009. It honors Robinson with large quotations spanning the inner curve of the facade and features a large freestanding statue of his number, 42, which has become an attraction in itself. Mets owner Fred Wilpon announced that, in conjunction with Citigroup and the Jackie Robinson Foundation, the Mets will create a Jackie Robinson Museum and Learning Center, located at the headquarters of the Jackie Robinson Foundation at One Hudson Square in lower Manhattan. The main purpose of the museum will be to fund scholarships for "young people who live by and embody Jackie's ideals."

    Since 2004, the Aflac National High School Baseball Player of the Year has been presented the "Jackie Robinson Award".

    Robinson has also been recognized outside of baseball. In December 1956, the NAACP recognized him with the Spingarn Medal, which it awards annually for the highest achievement by an African-American. President Ronald Reagan posthumously awarded Robinson the Presidential Medal of Freedom on March 26, 1984, and on March 2, 2005, President George W. Bush gave Robinson's widow the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award bestowed by Congress; Robinson was only the second baseball player to receive the award, after Roberto Clemente. On August 20, 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife, Maria Shriver, announced that Robinson was inducted into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts in Sacramento.

    A number of buildings have been named in Robinson's honor. The UCLA Bruins baseball team plays in Jackie Robinson Stadium, which, because of the efforts of Jackie's brother Mack, features a memorial statue of Robinson by sculptor Richard H. Ellis. City Island Ballpark in Daytona Beach, Florida—the baseball field that became the Dodgers' de facto spring training site in 1947—was renamed Jackie Robinson Ballpark in 1989. A number of facilities at Pasadena City College (successor to PJC) are named in Robinson's honor, including Robinson Field, a football/soccer/track facility named jointly for Robinson and his brother Mack. The New York Public School system has named a middle school after Robinson, and Dorsey High School plays at a Los Angeles football stadium named after him. In 1976, his home in Brooklyn, the Jackie Robinson House, was declared a National Historic Landmark. Robinson also has an asteroid named after him, 4319 Jackierobinson. In 1997, the United States Mint issued a Jackie Robinson commemorative silver dollar, and five dollar gold coin. That same year, New York City renamed the Interboro Parkway in his honor.

    In 2011, the U.S. placed a plaque at Robinson's Montreal home to honor the ending of segregation in baseball. The home is located at 8232 avenue de Gaspe south of rue de Guizot Est and near Jarry Park and close to Delorimier Stadium, where Robinson played for the Montreal Royals during 1946. In a letter read during the ceremony, Rachel Robinson, Jackie's widow, wrote: "I remember Montreal and that house very well and have always had warm feeling for that great city. Before Jack and I moved to Montreal, we had just been through some very rough treatment in the racially biased South during spring training in Florida. In the end, Montreal was the perfect place for him to get his start. We never had a threatening or unpleasant experience there. The people were so welcoming and saw Jack as a player and as a man."

    Career statistics

    YearTeamGABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOAVGOBPSLGTBSHSFIBBHBPGDPE
    1945 Kansas City 47 163 36 63 14 4 5 23 13       .387                  
    1946 Montreal 124 444 113 155 25 8 3 66 40   92 27 .349                 10
    1947 Brooklyn 151 590 125 175 31 5 12 48 29   74 36 .297 .383 .427 252 28     9 5 16
    1948 Brooklyn 147 574 108 170 38 8 12 85 22   57 37 .296 .367 .453 260 8     7 7 15
    1949 Brooklyn 156 593 122 203 38 12 16 124 37   86 27 .342 .432 .528 313 17     8 22 16
    1950 Brooklyn 144 518 99 170 39 4 14 81 12   80 24 .328 .423 .500 259 10     5 11 11
    1951 Brooklyn 153 548 106 185 33 7 19 88 25 8 79 27 .338 .429 .527 289 6     9 10 7
    1952 Brooklyn 149 510 104 157 17 3 19 75 24 7 106 40 .308 .440 .465 237 6     14 16 20
    1953 Brooklyn 136 484 109 159 34 7 12 95 17 4 74 30 .329 .425 .502 243 9     7 12 6
    1954 Brooklyn 124 386 62 120 22 4 15 59 7 3 63 20 .311 .413 .505 195 5 4a   7 13 7
    1955 Brooklyn 105 317 51 81 6 2 8 36 12 3 61 18 .256 .378 .363 115 6 3 5b 3 8 10
    1956 Brooklyn 117 357 61 98 15 2 10 43 12 5 60 32 .275 .382 .412 147 9 2 2 3 9 9
    TotalsBrooklyn13824877947151827354137734197 740291.311.409.47423101049772113107
     Career155354941096173634267161867248   .316    97   

    a The sacrifice fly (SF) as a unique statistical category did not exist in Major League Baseball from 1940 through 1953. Any pre-1954 sacrifice flies by Robinson would be reflected in the sacrifice hit (SH) category.

    b Likewise, the intentional walk (IBB) category only became a unique statistic beginning in 1955. Any intentional walks issued to Robinson before that year would be reflected in the walk (BB) category.

     


              Email Marketing and Opt In List Building        
    Since the advent of the information technology, the Internet had been a valuable commodity to most people. Here, they find ways on how to earn more money even without having to spend more capital on building a business.

    Nowadays, many business people are realizing the importance of email marketing. Through emails, an online business can market their product directly through their customers.

    Generally, the main purpose of email marketing is to reach their target audience as quickly and as direct as possible. They need to reach their target market so as to promote their products and services that would benefit their customers.

    However, some businesses use email marketing in order to maintain their contact and relationship with their customers.

    The reason why email marketing has grown in such unprecedented rate is based on the fact that people in the virtual community are always hungry for information. They subscribe to information that they are interested in.

    On the other hand, not all people are willing to subscribe to such information. They may be interested on your products once but may no longer be interested to buy again. Moreover, when you continue to send those emails that do not have their permissions, you can be accused of spamming.

    Today, spamming is a serious offense especially in the world of information technology. Because the Internet is such a wild place, most authorities regard the privacy of each person as valuable and they continue to uphold this thinking even on the Internet.

    With this, the creation of opt in list had gained tremendous acceptance. Because of its viability and feasibility to most online businesses, a lot of people have realized how important opt in lists are in email marketing.

    Basically, opt in list refers to the list of email addresses of people who have agreed to subscribe to your mailing list. In this way, you can freely send emails that entail promotions, brochures, new product announcements, and every aspect of your marketing campaign.

    When you build an opt in list, you do not only increase the probability of being successful in email marketing but also boost your sales and profits as well. This is because building an opt in list will give you the chance to stay in contact with your customers by getting their email address.

    In this manner, you can continue to promote your products and services in which they are interested in because they have opted to subscribe in your mailing list. Hence, whatever it is that you feed them, chances are, they will most likely respond positively.

    In reality, building an opt in list is actually letting the people realize the charisma and magic of email marketing. In this way, spams will be avoided, if not eliminated, and will not ruin the positive image of email marketing.

    With spamming, email marketing becomes a disgraceful activity in the Internet. But with opt in list, online businesses can continue to boost their businesses through email marketing without having to worry about being accused of spamming.

    In building opt in list, there are two types to be considered. The first one is the single opt-in and the other one is the double opt-in or the confirmed opt-in.

    In building single opt-in list, online businesses would simply use a “sign-up tag” in their web sites so that every time a person visits their website, he or she can opt to subscribe in the business’ email list.

    On the other hand, a confirmed opt-in list or double opt-in entails a confirmation message after the customer had subscribed to the particular web site’s email list.

    Usually, the confirmation takes place by replying on a system-generated message that asks for a confirmation of the subscription or by clicking on a link that entails the confirmation of the customer.

    Whatever type of opt in list you would prefer, each has its own pros and cons when it comes to email marketing. But nevertheless, both are designed to give your online business the best solution possible in order to generate emails and permissions without having to get into trouble.

    Indeed, email marketing is such a profitable business in the Internet. But it would not be complete and will never succeed without the help of the opt-in lists. These two must always go hand-in-hand in order to be successful in the virtual world of Internet marketing.
              Seifert Surface breathes (real) life into virtual content        
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              An interview in Chinese and English with virtual superstar Cao Fei - Will you be the next artist showing at RMB City?        
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              The distance between virtual worlds and augmented reality is... evaporating        
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              A self-healing tour de force in the virtual desert        
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              Spotted - Superlative virtual avatar and Burner        
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              Chouchou's new and virtual musical instrument: The Babel        
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              Comentario en Biografía del Universo 12: Los hadrones por Nahuel        

    cuando dices "millones de partículas virtuales con velocidades relativistas" te refieres a los gluones que mantienen confinados a los quarks dentro del núcleo y a los piones como energía de ligadura que permiten tener relativamente cerca a pesar del rechazo que generan sus cargas iguales a los protones ?. parece que me he "ligado" con tanto pegamento , pero estoy muy contento con la serie que va tomando cada vez más "peso" jajaja . es un agrado leerte , un abrazo a la distancia.


              The Virus - An Ultra Lite Novel        


    The Virus
    (An Ultra Lite Novel by Howdy)

    This Monday started like most any day but would end anything but
    typical. The Weather Channel forecasted mild atmospheric conditions
    (even for November) but unfolding events would soon challenge and
    startle mankind as never before.

    In an elaborate government building somewhere in Rome, a multitude
    of dedicated world renowned computer and technology experts studied
    The Virus that had already secretly infected 98% of the planet's
    computers in its first stage. Up to this point, none outside this edifice
    had ascertained the existence of the silent menace.

    In Jerusalem, heavy crowds were milling around The Dome of the Rock,
    the third holiest site to Muslims worldwide. On the other side of the
    Wall, a larger than expected crowd of Jewish worshipers prayed even
    as portions of the wall continued to collapse.

    In New York City, the Stock Market opened slightly higher while
    down in Washington - Pentagon officials poured their second cup
    of Maxwell House Decaf. Further south, the last edition of The
    Atlanta Journal was being prepared while further west, parents
    turned toward their offices after depositing their children at school.

    Work halted temporarily in the government building as the new
    dynamic and charismatic leader's entourage entered. He spoke
    over the JBL sound system. "Good associates, The Virus is
    scheduled to be released as planned in two stages. Stage one as
    you know affects all the world's primary computers while the
    second will decrease the excess occupiers that have so strained
    our fragile environment. Both will begin to take effect within the
    hour thanks to your hard work." He will later become Time Magazine's
    "Man of the Year".

    Unexpected to those in Rome, The Wall in Jerusalem collapses and
    thousands of Muslims lose their lives along with hundreds of Jewish
    worshipers. The Dome of the Rock along with all nearby buildings of the
    Islamic Faith disappear into rubble. Within moments a very great riot
    commences with each side blaming the other. Syria (with Iraq's lost
    WMD) & Iran ready their hidden nuclear arsenal.

    With a new surprising show of unity in Beijing, Hanoi, Jakarta, Tokyo,
    Pyongyang, New Delhi along with other Far East capitals, 200 million
    multi-asian troops are placed on alert. Moscow prepares its revived
    army for an eventual march south....very far south.

    Stage one hits Wall Street, the Pentagon, Main Street and homes
    across America as well as the entire Western World. Business stops
    as all funds - the complete wealth of the Industrialized World - is
    transferred by computer virus via the web to Rome. All modern military
    weapons are now under the new leader's absolute command as well as
    the world's media (Rule of Rome once again).

    As the second stage of The Virus is released, millions will become sick
    and die with a highly infectious disease stronger that the SARS & Ebola
    viruses combined. Fortunately for some, certain large groups of people
    have been quietly immunized earlier. Millions of Christians disappear at
    5 PM EST (Midnight in Jerusalem) virtually unnoticed because of the
    pandemonium. The controlled media is not allowed to print this story.

    The President is declared lost because Air Force One is down over the
    Atlantic according to managed reports but did his aircraft ever leave
    Andrews Air Force Base? Is this a cover up from Rome to perhaps hide
    his evanescence also? Other prominent members of the President's
    Party are missing but from the other side? Exiguous.

    This disappearance will go virtually unnoticed because of the manipulated
    media and its potentate who controls also the world's assets & armaments -
    the ultimate coup d' tat - all without a shot being fired. He will woo the planet,
    restore peace to the Middle East for a short time with false promises of pro-
    tection as well as rebuild a new Jewish Temple on the destroyed site. The
    Islamic world will cheer because their faith has expected this great new leader.
    With an appearance before nearly all mankind live on all media (TV, radio, &
    even computers on-line), men, women, and children are mesmerized. Stay tuned...

    After The Return of The King:
    They shall beat their swords into plowshares,
    And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall
    not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they
    learn war anymore.


              How to Choose the Best FarmVille Guide        
    Passion is a quality that is common among FarmVille fanatics. The strong positive feeling obtained towards tending virtual crops is something that they share. If your perspective about the game is the same, then maybe it is time for you to get the best FarmVille guide.
              The Plan        

    Yes, the theory of weight loss is simple. Less calories in, more calories out = lost weight. 

    But I know myself and I know that to make this successful I need a plan.

    There are approximately 75,000 weight loss plans in the universe. This is a fact. I found it on the internet.

    After days of deep intensive internet scouring (read: googling things and following rabbit hole links to blog after blog) I stumbled across the theory of Carb Cycling. Intriguing, isn't it? So off I went to see what else I could find and ended up at the (virtual) doorstep of Chris and Heidi Powell. What I read made sense, so I ordered their book. 




    I've been reading it over the last few days and sat down this morning to make my plan to tackle Week 1. Yes, I'm starting Monday. Because starting before the July 4th weekend just seemed like setting myself up for immediate failure. Because watermelon margaritas are awesome.

    The theory behind Carb Cycling is that if one alternates low carb and high carb days your body will be confused, and it will burn fat and use carbs for good instead of becoming saddlebags. Now, the carbs on high carb days are whole foods, not chips and crackers and cookies. Or beer. (But they build in a reward day, so all is not lost!)

    As a full-time working mom I know I will only be successful if I plan this thing ahead of time. I won't lie, sitting down to actually make the plan was overwhelming today. But I stopped overthinking it and looked at the graphics and y'all, it's not rocket science. Whole foods. Portion control. 5 smaller meals a day. 

    I spent a good hour working on a list today and hit the market. It's now 10:54PM and we had a great day full of friends and family and I am just sitting down after making Chicken Ratatouille, one of the book's recipes, which will serve as lunches over the next 4 days. 

    I feel prepped. Mentally and with what's in the fridge, so in the words of Peter Pan...

    Here we goooooooooooooo!



              Iverson3 You Are So Right        

    Iverson wrote, "The other funny stereotype is the 'gym rat'- the scrappy white guy who is behind the ball athletically but compensates and excels by living in the gym."

    Yes that's one of the most frequently used stereotypes of white players. Almost every player in the NBA lived in the gym virtually all of their young lives.

    Another one we all hear is white players with a high basketball IQ. I'm sure there are just as many, if not more, black players with a high basketball IQ.


              Doctor Who and the iPad        


    For those of you that missed it, last week saw the launch of the Apple iPad - a nifty piece of technology designed to fill the void inbetween mobile phones and laptops.

    Steve Jobs of Apple (no, it wasn't really David Tennant, that was done in Photoshop) launched the iPad to much hype and fanfare and to certain mixed reviews from the media. I'm going to reserve judgement on it; for all that I like the iphone it is not without its drawbacks - the supposedly fully functioning Safari browser on the iPhone still won't upload media and has trouble playing certain sound and video files and it appears from what I've read so far that the iPad suffers the same issues.

    But that aside, I would be amazed if the iPad didn't make a dent in the market and point the way to how "computing on the move" is going to look over the next few years. Which has big implications for training and mobile learning. Will companies be willing to send people away to a hotel room for a couple of days when their people can receive training at their own convenience via their iPads, or whatever device we'll all be clutching in five years time ?

    What's that got to do with Doctor Who ? When I was a young kid, the whole family used to sit in the living room and we would watch telly all together. The next day at school, we would all talk in the playground about what we'd watched the night before. Nowadays, with hundreds of channels, and kids having their own TVs and computers in their bedrooms, watching TV is something which we rarely do together as a family any more and that sense of "shared experience" is lost.

    When Russell T Davis brought Doctor Who back to our screens, he publicly stated that one of his aims behind the programme was to bring back the "shared experience" to television; something the family would watch together and the children would talk about at school and in the playground whilst running around shouting "Exterminate" at each other. And in our family's case, I would say he has certainly succeeded.

    Maybe this is the area where formal training can still deliver and prosper - the sense of a coming together and a "shared experience" amongst employees. At least, perhaps, until virtual reality becomes technologically possible.


              Handling concurrency conflicts in LINQ to SQL        

    Apologies for the delay in getting this post out, been busy and been playing around with too many good things lately. Virtual machines, Unit Testing etc, recording some radio from the net etc. Anyways, I have been planning to write about my experiences with Conflict handling in Linq2Sql, what happens when two users want to update the infamous Product table in Northwind.

    When I started playing around with it I also discovered that I needed to investigate a bit more about DataContexts, so I went reading around the web to gather info, did some experiments in my machine etc and interestingly enough I had a very related question at work where a colleague asked about the what are best practises when instantiating them. He had a static DataContext to be shared amongst his data access for a particular entity. My opinion on this is that DataContexts are cheap and light to create and that creating them for a single unit of work I do say in my GetProductByID function should be good enough. I'll say that persisiting DataContexts would create a bit of an overhead when I think that it has to keep all the mappings and ObjectTracking etc ( mind due, you can turn off ObjectTracking if you are going to do read only..). Also DCxt are not thread safe so that's another big reason not to do that. But when I started Linqing2Sql I did entertain the idea of sharing my DataContext through a singleton. Hrmm.

    public voidTurnOffObjectTracking()
    {
       var dal = newProductDataContext();
       // If you don't want to update stuff, don't track them.
     
    dal.ObjectTrackingEnabled = true;           
       Productprod = dal.Products.SingleOrDefault(a => a.ProductID == Guid.NewGuid());
       Assert.IsNull(prod);
    }

    Let me not get sidetracked, it's 10:30pm and I want to go to sleep, back to our interleaving..

    First of all, let's recreate the case where <  1 users are updating a record and our sys throws up a smelly. But before I do that, let's keep in mind that DataContexts are neat, I mean sometimes too neat since some stuff happens behind the scenes kind of magic, but that maybe just me :-(

    For example, note how in the example below two products are obtained from the db and one of them is upated, and then without committing this change to storage, I get another instance of the same product, then I commit the original change and then compare the Products....

    [TestMethod]
    public void Test_DataContext_Product_Independence()
    {
        using (System.Transactions.TransactionScope scope = new System.Transactions.TransactionScope())
        {
            var linq = new ProductDataContext();
            linq.Log = Console.Out;
    
            Guid productID = new Guid("50BD6DEB52C14D65BEC268957601EF25");
            
            // Get a Product with the ID as above
            Product product_1 = linq.Products.Single(p => p.ProductID == productID);
            
            // check that the Prod Name is as expected..
            Assert.AreEqual("Tourtière", product_1.ProductName);
            // Update the Prod Name
            product_1.ProductName = "Côte de Tourtière";
            // Let's retrieve the product again, note that the update above has not been committed to the database
            Product product_2 = linq.Products.Single(p => p.ProductID == productID);
            
            // Now commit!
            linq.SubmitChanges();
    
            // Note that the new name of Product2...obtained from DataContext Memory, before I committed the change! neat!
            Assert.AreEqual("Côte de Tourtière", product_2.ProductName);               
        }
    }

    firstTestPassed

    OK, so to simulate interleaving, we'll simulate the two users trying to update a record in the db. The record look like below

    ProductID / ProductName / UnitPrice

     455984DB-92DD-4BA4-87D7-91E4E2E5E00D    Camomile Tea    10.00    ....

    Now our two unsuspecting users are going to try to update the Product Name for this product

    [TestMethod]
    public void RecreateInterleavingCondition()
    {
        var user1DAL = new ProductDataContext();
        var user2DAL = new ProductDataContext();
    
        Guid pID = new Guid("455984db-92dd-4ba4-87d7-91e4e2e5e00d");
        Product user1Product = user1DAL.Products.Single(p => p.ProductID == pID);
        user1Product.ProductName = "Royal Camomile Tea";
        Console.WriteLine(user1Product.ProductName);
    
        Product user2Product = user2DAL.Products.Single(p => p.ProductID == pID);
        user2Product.ProductName = "Royal Camomile Tigris Tea";
        Console.WriteLine(user1Product.ProductName);
    
        user1DAL.SubmitChanges();
        Console.WriteLine(user2Product.ProductName);
        user2DAL.SubmitChanges();
    }

    Run the above results in: Conflict Exception!

    interleavingException

    User1 retrieves our Product and changes the name to "Royal Camomile Tea", not Submitting the changes, now User2 gets in there, retrieves the record changes to "Royal Camomile Tigris Tea", but User1 submits his changes and then User2 submits her changes. End result Conflict!

    Now...How does LINQ to SQL handles it?

    L2SQL uses what is called Optimistic concurrency is based on the un-healthy assumption that db transactions won't conflict with other transactions, that basically the chances of two users at exactly the same time wont happen that often. The alternative is pessimistic concurrency, this is where users will retrieve a record from the database and hold a lock on that record/table to prevent other pesky users to change that, problem is that is not scalable at all, systems grew larger and records where locked for ages before the sys will release the handle on it, also the emergence of the Web, the demands of stateles apps made it totally unfeasible for the pessimistic model.

    LINQ to SQL uses Optimistic concurrency, what it does is that when updating a record, it checks the previous values of that record, it the values where unchanged, then is all good, otherwise it will complain and it will throw an exception and then you can handle it and choose how to handle the conflict.

    In effect, if you turn Log on when Updating a record, and see the query passed onto the db you'll see that all values will be passed in the WHERE clause to compare against the columns in your table, not only the ID for the record. See below for the updates we tried to do above. MSDN has a good article on LINQ to SQL and Optimistic conc here

    Royal
    UPDATE [dbo].[Product]
    SET [ProductName] = @p5
    WHERE ([ProductID] = @p0) AND ([ProductName] = @p1) AND ([UnitPrice] = @p2) AND ([CategoryID] = @p3) AND ([CreatedDate] = @p4)
    -- @p0: Input UniqueIdentifier (Size = 0; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [455984db-92dd-4ba4-87d7-91e4e2e5e00d]
    -- @p1: Input VarChar (Size = 12; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [Camomile Tea]
    -- @p2: Input Money (Size = 0; Prec = 19; Scale = 4) [10.0000]
    -- @p3: Input UniqueIdentifier (Size = 0; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [c9735b53-9c82-4f11-891a-8a53dc89565d]
    -- @p4: Input DateTime (Size = 0; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [17/04/2242 11:07:05 PM]
    -- @p5: Input VarChar (Size = 5; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [Royal]

    Royal Tigris
    UPDATE [dbo].[Product]
    SET [ProductName] = @p5
    WHERE ([ProductID] = @p0) AND ([ProductName] = @p1) AND ([UnitPrice] = @p2) AND ([CategoryID] = @p3) AND ([CreatedDate] = @p4)
    -- @p0: Input UniqueIdentifier (Size = 0; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [455984db-92dd-4ba4-87d7-91e4e2e5e00d]
    -- @p1: Input VarChar (Size = 12; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [Camomile Tea]
    -- @p2: Input Money (Size = 0; Prec = 19; Scale = 4) [10.0000]
    -- @p3: Input UniqueIdentifier (Size = 0; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [c9735b53-9c82-4f11-891a-8a53dc89565d]
    -- @p4: Input DateTime (Size = 0; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [17/04/2242 11:07:05 PM]
    -- @p5: Input VarChar (Size = 12; Prec = 0; Scale = 0) [Royal Tigris]

    DataContext implements Optimistic by default, but you can turn it off, imagine that it passed lots of parameters, this will certainly cause performance dramas or you simply could streamline it. You can fix your mappings with the UpdateCheck attribute. More info check MSDN article here and here

    Ok, so the above will throw an exception when the Update query cannot find a match, it will interpret this as "oh, someone else got in first and changed something before I did! :-_(  , I'll throw a ChangeConflictException then..."

    The art of handling conflicts

    First of all, wrap your potentially conflict-causing code in a try/catch block and look out for a ChangeConflictException as below..

    try
    {
        linq_2.SubmitChanges();
        // Here the values change!
        var result = new ProductDataContext();
        Product product13 = result.Products.Single(i => i.ProductID == pID);
        linq.SubmitChanges();    
    }
    catch (ChangeConflictException ex)
    { ....

    Once you catch the exception, you have choices of how to handle the conflict by basically examining the guilty entities and members and choosing which values to keep, be it Database, overwriting database  values  or merging changes with the database. Let's have a look first at how to retrieve the conflicting data.

    DataContext objects have a property called ChangeConflicts thats gives you a ChangeConflictCollection of ObjectChangeConflict objects that eventually you can enumerate and then drill down and get at the values that are in conflict.

    catch (ChangeConflictException ex)
    {
        foreach (ObjectChangeConflict occ in linq.ChangeConflicts)
        {
        ...........................................
        ...........................................
    Each ObjectChangeConflict object represents the conflicted instance, in plain english it encapsulates the update attempt that caused the conflict. 
    We can then iterate over the entities that "participated" in that conflict and get specific information about them. You do this by accessing the MemberConflicts collection of ObjectChangeConflict.
    catch (ChangeConflictException ex)
    {
        foreach (ObjectChangeConflict occ in linq.ChangeConflicts)
        {
            foreach (MemberChangeConflict mcc in occ.MemberConflicts)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("Original: " + mcc.OriginalValue);
                Console.WriteLine("Database value: " + mcc.DatabaseValue);
                Console.WriteLine("CurrentValue: " + mcc.CurrentValue);
            }

    Here is where it starts to get juicy. See how above we can get the different values for a particular entity through the "stages" of the conflict. This information could be very useful, you might want to present this details to the user and let her make a decision of what to submit to the database in  a grid or something...right?

    But of course, you can explicitly resolve the conflicts by once the error is detected, choosing to keep current values, database values or merge. Let's have a look at it.

    Overwriting Database values

    First up we are going to solve the conflict by merging the database values with User1 only since User1 got in there last, he is the last committer (is there such a work in english?), User2 won't see anything since her changes when in and the Optimistic handling didn't detect any changes. So the conflict is a conflict from the context of User1, he created the conflict, he is the last in so he has to tell the database what to do with the changes..The database if it talked, it could ask the question.."oh..you are last in...what do you we do with your changes...", That's the way I see it. :-)  Shut up and show me code please ... thanks.

    [TestMethod]
    public void CheckProductNamesWithTwoDataContexts()
    {           
        var linq = new ProductDataContext();
        var linq_2 = new ProductDataContext();
        Guid pID  = new Guid("455984db-92dd-4ba4-87d7-91e4e2e5e00d");
    
        Product p1 = linq.Products.Single(p => p.ProductID == pID );
        p1.ProductName = "Red Tea";
        p1.CategoryID = new Guid("00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000");
        
        Product p2 = linq_2.Products.Single(p => p.ProductID == pID);
        p2.ProductName = "Green Tea";
        p2.CategoryID = new Guid("90000000-1111-1111-1111-000000000000");
        p2.UnitPrice = 10.0M;
        
        try
        {
            linq_2.SubmitChanges();
            var result = new ProductDataContext();
            linq.SubmitChanges(ConflictMode.ContinueOnConflict);  
        }
        catch (ChangeConflictException ex)
        {
            foreach (ObjectChangeConflict occ in linq.ChangeConflicts)
            {
                foreach (MemberChangeConflict mcc in occ.MemberConflicts)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Original: " + mcc.OriginalValue);
                    Console.WriteLine("Database value: " + mcc.DatabaseValue);
                    Console.WriteLine("CurrentValue: " + mcc.CurrentValue);
                }  
                linq.ChangeConflicts.ResolveAll(RefreshMode.KeepCurrentValues);
            }
            linq.SubmitChanges(); 
        }
    }

    Quite a lengthy function yeah, but let's see what happens. User1 retrieved the Product, changed the name and the CategoryID, User2 changed the name, CategoryID and UnitPrice. Now note that I called ResolveAll of the ChangeConflict fame from our DataContext, in this case I called it linq. ( You can also call ObjectChangeConflict's Resolve function) This function takes an enum that could be KeepCurrentValues, KeepChanges and OverwriteCurrentValues. In this case we use KeepCurrentChanges, which means we'll keep our changes for the data that clashed with User2, anything else that User2 changed will be ignored and the database defaults will be reinstated. I suppose the way to interpret it is KeepCurrentValues keeps the current values in the DataContext, in this case User1. Note: Make sure once you handle the exception any way you see fit, make sure you SubmitChanges() again for that DataContext otherwise nothing will happen! :-)

    Also note that you can choose also when to handle the exceptions. Say you have a lot of changes that the user made and it will be too cumbersome for them to re-enter all those values again. Since SubmitChanges accumulates all conflicts in a batch, the number of changes could be huge.. Good news is that SubmitChanges() can be overloaded to take a ConflictMode enum that will either tell the instance of DataContext to either throw the ConflictException as soon as it detects it (thus minimising the potential hassles for users) called FailOnFirstConflict, or to keep accumulating and attempting to update data and then report the whole lot (ContinueOnConflict).

      ProductName CategoryID UnitPrice
    Database row (originally) Camomile Tea E1422E86-.... 0.00
    User 1 Red Tea  Guid.Empty  
    User 2 Green Trea Guid.NewGuid 10

    Result is:

      ProductName CategoryID UnitPrice
    database RedTea Guid.Empty 0.00

    Note that User1 values went it , User2 data was thrown out and even though in UnitPrice there wasn't a clash between the users, the database value was the chosen one!

    Retaining Database values

    This is in fact the opposite as our previous example, User2 values are merged with the database and User1's values are chucked out of the window. Basically User1 says, "I'll let the other guy's values go through..I'll comeback to it again and see where my data fits with hers..". The term OverwriteCurrentValues, the way I interpret it that is read from the point of view of User1, "Overwrite my current values, therefore since User2 has committed and are in the db, keep them..".  This is achieved by using:

    linq.ChangeConflicts.ResolveAll(RefreshMode.OverwriteCurrentValues);

    Table please...

      ProductName CategoryID UnitPrice
    Database Camomile E1422E86 0.00
    User1 Red Tea Guid.Empty  
    User2 Green Tea NewGuid 10.0
      ProductName CategoryID UnitPrice
      Green Tea NewID 10.0

    Merging Conflicts with Database values

    Using ResolveAll(RefreshMode.KeepChanges) means keeps all the changes in the DataContext and merge them with the database, overwritting the row values if necessary.

      ProductName CategoryID UnitPrice
    Database Camomile E1422E86 0.00
    User1 Red Tea    
    User2 Green Tea NewGuid 10.0

    The results are as expected, User1 keeps his Red Tea, and User2 keep hers NewGuid and UnitPrice, in effect the merging has been "between" the users only.

      ProductName CategoryID UnitPrice
      Red Tea NewID 10.0

     

    Apologies for the delay in getting this one out, I have been busy and I was writing this up when we noted our beautiful and very lively ( and vicious) pet parrot passed away last Thursday night.  Very sad and it all was all of a sudden. I hope the poor fella didn't suffer and I certainly miss his singing in the mornings. Lesson learned though, birds should be free and while they are very entertaining I don't think is fair to keep them [birds] inside for our selfish gratification.

    I certainly enjoyed writing this post and playing around with the DataContext, generating errors etc. There is ton of info on this in MSDN, I certainly think the guys have done a great job in documenting Conflict resolution in LINQ to SQL.

    Place for you to start would be:

    http://msdn2.microsoft.com/en-us/library/bb399389.aspx


              Post 'Monte Suerio'        
    Autor: Javier y Martín, con fecha 23/03/2017 18:41

    <b></b><b>11 de marzo de 2017.</b><b></b><br><br>Ruta circular desde el tranquilo pueblo de Asín de Broto, con hermosos prados colgados sobre el valle del Ara que invitan al descanso. En el camino de subida por praderíos y pistas desdibujadas sobre el barranco de Escuer damos la espalda al Sobrepuerto; la mirada inevitablemente se pierde en las cimas del Parque Nacional de Ordesa. Desde el enlace con la pista principal y tras unos pocos metros nos desviamos por la loma hacia La Corona y el pico Suerio. Miradores, como tantos otros, privilegiados por su amplitud de miras hacia el Pirineo, el mencionado Sobrepuerto y el valle de La Solana. Martín, con su amplio bagaje, dibuja un mapa virtual de tantos y tantos pueblos abandonados, algunos, los menos, visibles, los mas, escondidos a nuestros ojos. Regreso por la pista hasta la ermita de San Mamés y sendero hasta el pueblo.<br><br><a href="https://es.wikiloc.com/wikiloc/view.do?id=16736250" class=enlace target=_new rel=nofollow>https://es.wikiloc.com/wikiloc/view.do?id=16736250</a> Ver post | Ver más blog
              I wish you are happy, somewhere        
    I always wonder where you are. What happened to you. I always go back and wish I had asked you what was wrong? With so many people on facebook, I have searched for you. But no classmate has you, no one has heard from you. How is it that on this day and age I've reunited with people I thought I would never heard from again. People that I only knew from my childhood, from a completely different country, people that I only met once or twice, whose last name I didn't even know, whose first names I didn't even remember, and here we are once again in this virtually world feeling like we are part of each others life, reading statutes and watching their kids grow. And yet no one knows of you. I should've asked you what was wrong? Why did you changed so much. You were the class clown, the guy that had a joke about everything. There was not a day, the teacher would not call your name to please let him continue with his class. Every time words came out of you it followed a crowd of laughter. I admired that, I wished I was like that. I admired those people who were loud, and funny and didn't care what anyone else thought. You walked proud and carefree, always talking to whoever was nearby making seas of laughter follow you. But more than anything, above anything, I loved the way you looked at me. You see, you and I were so different. I was quite and shy and always swallowed by my friends. But the way you looked at me it is as if your eyes made me resurfaced from the crowd, as if i was the only one there. You made me feel so beautiful, so alive. I fell in love with the idea of the image you build of me. I fell in love with how you stared at me. And after all, I never even asked "what happened?" What happened in your life that made you change so much, always in a little corner, hardly even looking up, hardly ever smiling....a completely different person in the shell of what was once you. People moved on, and hardly anyone remembered who you were. Such a dramatic change, I knew it was never me. I couldn't have been, for what we had was too innocent, we hardly shared a kiss. And if I ever hurt you for leaving you, I know nothing was as bad as what happened to you. And every time I think of you, i go back and pictured myself asking you "whats wrong?" What happened to you? Where are you now? Are you married? Do you have kids? Are you happy?........
    I still think of you every time I hear the song "Cant take my eyes off of you" by Lauren Hill. I can see myself walking down the hallway in school listening to this song on my cd player. I can see you taking it from me to listen to what I was listening to. I can see you looking at me as I laugh with my friends. I can see you stealing my book while I run after you.... What ever happened to you? How did you become such a quite, mysterious person, sitting all alone always in a corner of the room, avoiding eyes and everyone else?
    I am only comforted by the thought that all that is in the past. And you moved on. And maybe you are married after all, you live somewhere far hence why no one has heard of you, and you have kids. And I see the image of you laughing again, telling jokes, and this time is your kids laughter that I hear, and that light that I once saw when you looked at me, is there once again, as you watch your kids laugh. And you are happy once again...............
              Inaugural Podcast - Part 2 of 2 - Commentary        
    Welcome to the inaugural podcast of David on Enterprise Software.

    In this edition there's coverage of utility computing (both from a virtualization and a software-as-a-service perspective), knowledge management and IBM's Rational Unified Process.

    Please send me or call in your feedback!!

    To directly download this podcast, click here.

    Cheers,

    David Scott Lewis
    President & Principal Analyst
    IT E-Strategies, Inc.
    Qingdao, China & Menlo Park, California
    DSL.7747350 -at- bloglines.com (used to avoid a bit of spam)
    callto://davidscottlewis
              Inaugural Podcast - Part 1 of 2 - Background & Mission        
    Welcome to the inaugural podcast of David on Enterprise Software.

    For commentary on utility computing (both from a virtualization and software-as-a-service perspective), knowledge management and IBM's Rational Unified Process see the second part of this podcast.

    To directly download part one, click here.
    To directly download part two, click here.


    Cheers,

    David Scott Lewis
    President & Principal Analyst
    IT E-Strategies, Inc.
    Qingdao, China & Menlo Park, California
    DSL.7747350 -at- bloglines.com (used to avoid a bit of spam)
    callto://davidscottlewis
              [urls] Measuring the ROI of Software Process Improvement        
    Saturday, September 18, 2004
    Dateline: China
     
    The following is a sampling of my top ten "urls" for the past couple/few weeks.  By signing up with Furl (it's free), anyone can subscribe to an e-mail feed of ALL my urls (about 100-250 per week) -- AND limit by subject (e.g., ITO) and/or rating (e.g., articles rated "Very Good" or "Excellent").  It's also possible to receive new urls as an RSS feed.
     
    All of the top ten are PDFsClick on the link to read the abstract for each paper.
     
    Note: Off to California for a couple of weeks.  Probably no new, original postings until after the October national holiday in China.  (I get a three week break from writing for this blog, but I'll still be writing columns for the AlwaysOn Network.)
     
    Top Honors:
     
    Measuring the ROI of Software Process Improvement (relatively speaking, very popular among Furl viewers; highly accessible article with a lot of substance and pointers)
     
    Other best new selections (in order of popularity as determined by Furl views, then alphabetically):
     
    A Framework for Off-The-Shelf Software Component Development and Maintenance Processes (this was THE most popular paper, although I liked the ROI article better; superb info, good guidelines, lots of food for thought)
    Agent-Based e-Supply Chain Decision Support (not as geeky as it sounds; lead author is with Carnegie Mellon's e-Supply Chain Management Laboratory & Institute for e-Commerce)
    B2B E-Commerce Stages of Growth: the Strategic Imperatives (a look at some case studies; provides some insights into B2B adoption and diffusion)
    Creating an Open Agent Environment for Context-Aware M-Commerce (from the Mobile Commerce Laboratory at Carnegie Mellon <no, this isn't necessarily CMU week>; I have a lot of doubts about this stuff, but it's worth firing a few neurons and giving it a spin)
    Development and Evaluation of Software Process Improvement Methods (Dissertation, 190 pp.) (superb overviews sprinkled with case studies; it was tough to choose between this dissertation and the ROI paper for top honors)
    Deriving a Diffusion Framework for Web-Based Shopping Systems (a bit of a technical flavor, but not too technical; puts e-shopping in a broader perspective, e.g., relative to EDI)
    * Exploring Defect Causes in Products Developed by Virtual Teams (to all SIs developing a GDM - global delivery model - READ THIS!!; perhaps the most important paper among my top ten)
    * Intelligent Support for Software Release Planning (a corporate technical paper describing a very useful software development management tool; see also the Release Planner (tm) home page)
     
    And my PERSONAL favorite:
     
    > The Banality of Google (good for some laughs)
     
    and many, many more ...
     
    Cheers,
     
    David Scott Lewis
    President & Principal Analyst
    IT E-Strategies, Inc.
    Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
     
    http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
    http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)