Business leaders call on firms to help solve poor productivity problem        
THE HEAD of Siemens UK, which has its Magnet Technology subsidiary in Eynsham, is among a group of business leaders calling on firms to help solve the UK’s poor productivity problem.
          Stage - Project Manager Support        
Siemens - Trento - ID Lavoro 271448 - Pubblicata 08/08/2017 - Italia - Trento - Energy Management - Project Management - Studente - Determinato - Solo full time Candidati Fai domanda usando LinkedIn™ Salva lavoro Invia per e-mail ad un amico Torna all'elenco Job ID: 271448 Location: Trento Or...
          Stage - Project Manager Support        
Siemens - Trento - Job ID 271448 - Posted 08/08/2017 - Italy - Trento - Energy Management - Project Management - Student - Limited - Full time only Apply Apply Using LinkedIn™ Save Job Email Job to Friend Return to List Job ID: 271448 Location: Trento Organization: Siemens Transformers S.p.A....
          CB-Doc Siemens Spirit        
CBDOC для томографов Spirit,Emotion 6 и Emotion 16 срезов!
          Comment on Readers weigh in on Proposition 1, expansion of light rail by Shawn        
Earlier this month I went to San Diego, courtesy of the Cascadia Center, where I visited the Public Transportation EXPO. There, I saw many state-of-the-art diesel and hybrid (single or double deck) buses of all sizes. Some of them look just like the latest French Tramways, except that they actually roll on wheels and on streets. o Later, we took a regular diesel bus from San Diego to Escondido on the freeway. Why a bus? Because, the trains don�t run as frequently. o From Escondido, we went to Oceanside to ride on the Sprinter DMU. This is the train model preferred by all train-advocates for our BNSF corridor. It is made by Siemens Transportation Systems. o However, this DMU is absurdly OVERSIZED for an urban commuter train and even has large overhead rack space (don�t take my word, see the web links listed below). But, it would be a great train to go in from Seattle to Vancouver or Portland. o The track and area around it are like a highway, pretty straight and normally next to other roads or wide empty areas. They NEVER go through tight residential areas REMOTELY similar to what we have on the Eastside. o The Sprinter DMU is noisier and much heavier than modern electric French tramways. Yet, by federal law, if freight trains were also to operate on that BNSF corridor during the day, any DMU to be used would have to be still heavier than the Sprinter model. o The Sprinter train replaced 2 existing bus lines. It stops at 2 Colleges and 1 University by using a special loop away from the main line that was built for that purpose. When we rode on it in the early afternoon, it was pretty empty. Oceanside is next to a US Marine Corps training base. o NOBODY checks whether or not the commuters have a ticket, and nobody gets penalized according to the project manager of the Sprinter line. o Despite this built-in �incentive�, the same project manager stated that the real NET ADDITIONAL passenger increase (over the earlier bus rider-ship) is a WHOPING 10%, for which they spent a huge amount of money and time. Now let�s do a little math. A 2-wagon Sprinter-type DMU costs $4.17 M each according to Siemens. Therefore, with that same amount of money, one could instead buy � 21 cheap $200K-buses, or 7 fancier $600K-buses, or 4 luxurious articulated or 2-deck hybrid buses. But, the Cascadia scenario calls for 8-9 of these trains to create the �amenity� they have in mind. (in a KIRO interview on Jan 17, 08, Mr. Bruce Agnew � the Director of Cascadia, specifically stated that �We are NOT talking about a high-capacity transit system like the light-rail that would operate every 7 minutes or so�� He was talking about building what he called �an amenity�!). Yet, with that much money, we could buy from 32 to 61 large really fancy and hybrid buses or 189 ordinary diesel buses. We could also immediately test all kinds of routes and frequency options on the existing roads and Park & Ride infrastructure currently on the Eastside, and even provide a better destination service. All that is needed is to assign BUS-ONLY lanes on I-405, and even on some streets; say 3 hours in the morning and 3 in the evening. If the demand predicted by the train advocates is real, the frequency + connectivity is good, and the cost and inconvenience of driving is high, car commuters will vanish from the highways at a fraction of the cost associated with any proposed rail service!! Thus, congestion would be reduced; dense urban corridors could be more accurately defined, developed, and properly integrated in the transportation network over time, prior to committing huge sums of money on fixed rail systems. Meantime, a hugely valuable, non-motorized, urban transportation corridor for the Eastside community will be saved for the foreseeable future. Isn�t that much more sensible and cheaper than spending millions of public money on the BNSF tracks so that private interests can profit without meaningfully reducing traffic congestion? LINKS: o To get a visual idea of the Sprinter DMU train go to Once there, place the cursor arrow on PHOTOS and click on a San Diego folder that will appear (or simply directly to <a href="" rel="nofollow"></a> ). On the lower half of the right-hand side of the picture-grouping you will see 8 pictures with a lot of green. Those pictures show how much space 44 feet takes up on the existing BNSF corridor in Houghton (SW Kirkland) and the Highland (between Totem Lake and Kirkland Central Way or NE 80th St). The space between both women is always just 44 feet, except on the Lakeview Elementary School trestle, where it is only 30 feet. o To see pictures of the BNSF corridor, from Renton to Woodinville, plus some of the Redmond spur and the Sammamish River Trail, click on PHOTOS and choose what area (folder) you want to see by using the > arrows to navigate between them. Then, you need to click each picture by using the numbers below: 1,2,3,� o To see what successful modern tramways look like, look at the pictures in . Notice where they circulate and how they connect with buses. Montpellier has the 3rd largest tramway system in France, which includes THE most successful tram line in the country (the blue line). This is a densely populated university city with 250,000 people, of which 60,000 are students. Lyon (468,000 people) has the largest tramway system and all other means of transportation: subway, trolley, diesel buses, electric buses cars and bikes for rent. Notice the density of the city and road surfaces dedicated to them.
          Comentário sobre Porta-aviões HMS Queen Elizabeth e USS George H.W. Bush navegam juntos por Bavaria Lion        
_RR_ Também por isso que pra mim o scorpene foi um erro desde o começo. Ainda que o s-br venha a ter mais de 2.000 ton, o espaço de um MESMA (até então único AIP efetivamente compatível com ele) é inviável (305ton em um barco de 2000, em torno de 15% só com AIP, afora os outros sistemas propulsionais e de armas). Outros sistemas (Stirling, Siemens e Rubin), não pesam nem 50ton (salvo engano, estão na classe de 20 ton por sistema). Aos "scorfans" não sou eu que estou dizendo isso: “although MESMA can provide higher output power than the other alternatives, its inherent efficiency is the lowest of the four AIP candidates, and its rate of oxygen consumption is correspondingly higher.” ( Saudações.
          Comentário sobre Porta-aviões HMS Queen Elizabeth e USS George H.W. Bush navegam juntos por Bavaria Lion        
_RR_ Só um adendo, o recorde de endurance sem snorkel, com sistema de AIP fuell cells Siemens é de um U-214 sul coreano (18 dias, salvo engano, tem matéria aqui no naval). Esse endurance que você falou aí, acredito que só subnuc pode fazer mesmo. Saudações.
          Official Market Forecast for South Africa’s Wind Energy Industry Released        

2015’s official Wind Energy Forecast for the South African market was released today detailing the key market trends in 2015 for wind energy in the country. Leading experts from Vestas, Siemens, Barclays, and Green Cape discussed key questions facing this year’s wind energy market inside the 8 page report.

(PRWeb January 30, 2015)

Read the full story at

          Business-Fotografie München        

Fotoshooting Siemens AG

Cast: Mathias Vietmeier

Tags: Fotograf, München, Businessfotograf and Firmenportrait

          Kitap Önerisi; 2023 Lideri        

Kişisel gelişim kitaplarını okumayı sevenler varsa, daha önce okuyup bitirdiğim bu kitabı okumasını tavsiye ediyorum. Özellikle liderlik konusuna merakı olanların seveceğini düşünüyorum.

Kişisel gelişim türünde kitap okuyanlar, genelde kitabın sadece ara gazı vermesinden, sadece okurken keyif alınan ama ileriye dönük merak uyandırıcı veya ateşleyici etkisi olmamasından yana yakınırlar. Bunu bende okuduğum bir çok kitapta maalesef yaşadım. Bunları bilen birisi olarak bu kitabı rahatlıkla önerebilirim.

Bu kitap bilinen diğer klasik kitaplara göre, şu saatte yatın, bu kadar saat uyuyun, yazı yazarken sol kulağınızı çekin gibi saçma sapan öğütler vermek yerine tamamen alanlarında kendini geliştirmiş kişilerin liderlik hakkında ne düşündüklerini konu alıyor. Kitabın yazarı Yeşim TODUK, bunu bir röportaj şeklinde okuyuculara sununca okurken sıkılmıyorsunuz, gerçek liderlerin sözleri ışığında geleceğiniz hakkında yönünüzü daha iyi tayin edebiliyorsunuz.

İnternet üzerinden satış yapan kitapçılara en son göz gezdirdiğimde kitabın fiyatı 18,13 TL civarındaydı. Ayrıca d&r 'de e-kitap versiyonunu satın alabilir, akıllı cihazlarınızdan rahatlıkla okuyabilirsiniz.

Söyleşileriyle kitapta yer alan isimler

- Nilgün Demir | DSM Besin Maddeleri Genel Müdürü
- Cüneyt Türktan | Bakcell ve Chibita Yönetim Kurulu Üyelikleri, Uluslararası Stratejik Danışmanlık
- Tansu Yeğen | Samsung Kurumsal Satış Direktörü
- Mehmet Buldurgan | mbco Strajei Danışmanlık, kurucusu ve Melek Yatırımcı Ağı Başkanı
- Hakan Eminsoy | Sardes Faktoring Yönetim Kurulu Başkanı
- Kaan Terzioğlu | Akbank Yönetim Kurulu Üyesi
- Belgin Boydak | Roche Pharmaceuticals EEMEA Bölgesel Eğitim Merkezi Müdürü
- Ali Pandır | Erdemir Grubu Yönetim Kurulu Başkanı ve Murahhas Azası
- Dr. Emre Çamlıbel | Soyak Holding CEO 'su
- H. Ural Aküzüm | ARI Hareketi Başkanı, Hukukçu
- Serdar Sözeri | Biofarma Genel Müdürü
- Çağatay Özdoğru | Esas Holding CEO 'su
- Erkan Akdemir | Avea CEO 'su
- Yahya Uzdiyen | Doğan Holding CEO 'su
- Dr. Erdal Karamercan | Eczasıbaşı Topluluğu CEO 'su
- Mehmet Aktaş | Yaşar Holding İcra Kurulu Başkanı ve Yönetim Kurulu Üyesi
- Ahmet Dördüncü | Akkök Grubu CEO 'su
- Tamer Saka | Kibar Holding CEO 'su
- Faik Açıkalın | Koç Holding Bankacılık ve Sigortacılık Başkanı, Yapı Kredi CEO 'su
- Kürşat Özkan | Sabahcı Holding Enerji Grubu Bölüm Başkanı
- Yetik Kadri Mert | Enerjisa Enerji CEO 'su
- Hüseyin Gelis | Siemens Türkiye Yönetim Kurulu Baikanı, CEO
- Güldem Berkman | Novartis Türkiye Ülke Başkanı
- Mehmet Nane | CarrefourSA Genel Müdürü
- Muharrem Dörtkaşlı | TAI Genel Müdürü
- Burak Başarır | Coca Cola İçecek (CCİ) CEO 'su ve Türkiye Bölge Başkanı
- H. Murat Aka | Doğuş Holding İştirakleri Yönetim Kurulu Üyesi
- Zafer Başar | Doğuş Oto Genel Müdürü
- Bülent Atlığ | Pfizer Global Tedarik Birimi Gelişen Pazarlar Lideri
- Gündüz Tansel | BASF Poliüretan Türkiye Genel Müdürü
-Cem Nazif Yalçın | Termo Teknik Genel Müdürü
- Suphan Akanıl | Bunge Gıda Yönetim Kurulu Başkanı ve Genel Müdürü
- Kerim Kermen | Castrol Madeni Yağlar Türkiye Genel Müdürü
-Cem Karakaş | Yıldız Holding Mali İşler Başkanı (CFO), Yönetim Kurulu Üyesi ve Gıdadışı Şirketler Murahhas Azası
- Abdülkadir Kahraman |  KPMG Türkiye Vergi Bölüm Başkanı
- Neslihan Tokcan | Doğan Gazetecilik İcra Kurulu Üyesi, Reklam Grup Başkanı
- Levent Alatlı | Koza Yönetim ve Servis A.Ş. Genel Müdürü
- Mustafa Çağan | Microsoft Türkiye Genel Müdür Yardımcısı
- Demet Akman | Johnson & Johnson Türkiye İlaç Grubu ve Tüketici Grubu İnsan Kaynakları Direktörü
- İbrahim Betil | Eski Bankacı, Eğitimci, Sivil Toplum Gölüllüsü
- Melih Fereli | VKV Kültür-Sanat Danışmanı
- Murat Şahin | Secure Drive Kurucusu ve Genel Müdürlük
- Dr. Demir Murat Seyrek | Glocal Communications Kurucusu
- Murat Rüştü Azizoğlu |  Yönetim Danışmanı
- Barış Akiş | Öğrenci, Sites by Hand Kurucu Ortağı, Sosyal Girişimci

          Siemens Boss Upbeat On U.S., India--Otherwise Not So Much        
Despite volatile markets, “the fundamentals are in place” for U.S. economic growth as demand gains steam, Siemens President and CEO Joe Kaeser told a midtown Manhattan breakfast today. But he did express worry that beyond cyclical considerations, “geopolitical tensions around the world” are dampening business spirits. Those tensions revolve around terrorism [...]
          The Feminist Anti-MOOC - Something New in MOOCville?         
Scott Jaschik in Inside Education, in "A Feminist Anti-MOOC," reports on a new MOOC-like course, Feminism and Technology, developed by a consortium of professors at 17 colleges and co-led by Anne Balsamo, dean of the School of Media Studies at the New School.

Unlike the now-standard x-MOOC, the course will feature a distributed model based on 'feminist pedagogical principles.' It will be labeled a DOCC - a distributed open collaborative course. The DOCC will be available for credit at each of the 17 schools and  anyone with Internet access can watch the videos and access the materials. 

The DOCC explicitly challenges the top-down, hierarchical, patriarchal model of xMOOCs. Facilitators assume that every participant brings expertise and unique capabilities, which can then be used collaboratively to study the place of women in technology - no more sage on the (virtual) stage.
The backbone of the course will consist of a series of videos - lectures and interviews created by participating faculty. But faculty in each college will build their own courses, and set their own grading standards, in accord with their own institutional expectations. Each of the 17 sites will involve between 15-30 for-credit students. Thus the total number of full participants will be limited to around 500 - the course is explicitly non-massive.  

Collaboration will be key to course learning - students will exchange their ideas and expertise and collaborate on the course project, 'Storming Wikipedia,' in which all students will research women in technology and then create or edit wikipedia articles on these women. The end result will thus be a rich, easily accessible information resource on the course topic.

This looks to be an attractive template for collaborative teaching and learning using the Internet. Especially interesting is use of what amounts to an 'invisible college' in the field of technology studies as a collaborative teaching faculty. Here are a few comments and questions for further discussion:

1. Full participation will require enrollment in the for-credit DOCC. The facilitators claim to be challenging the role of money in the development of the highly publicised MOOCs like Coursera, but this DOCC, like typical college courses, shifts the expenses primarily to tuition paying students. thus it doesn't address the pressing money challenge in the MOOC space - how to make quality higher education accessible for those now priced out. How can DOCCs help address this problem? 

2. The leaders of this DOCC claim that the distributive model differentiates it from xMOOCs. It doesn't. Cathy Davidson of Duke, as I noted in a MOOCville post a few weeks back, uses distributive learning principles in her Coursera course - her use of her massive learner base to create a highly-detailed database for the history of higher education throughout the world is very similar to the 'Storming Wikipedia' project. A course from the Darden Business school at Virginia that I described recently also uses connectivist principles within the xMOOC framework. 

As Stephen Downes noted in a comment to the IHE article, 'DOCC'  is just another term for cMOOC - the original MOOC framework that he and others developed in Canada some years ago:

 " This is a cMOOC. This is exactly what Siemens and I built, and have written about for years." 

So while this course is a welcome development, it is really not much of an innovation; its just another variant of a familiar MOOC design. One question is whether smaller, more circumscribed DOCC participant groups can add something special to online distributive learning? 

3. The distributive learning model, while quite central to feminist pedagogy, pre-dates it by many decades. It lies at the heart of John Dewey's Democracy and Education, where the interactions of individuals from distinct ethnic and religious communities in dealing with selected common subject materials ARE the curriculum. So a question is whether laying claim to distributive learning as a 'feminist' alternative to patriarchy advances either the understanding or uptake of distributive pedagogical principles?. 

4.  What lessons can we learn from this DOCC? 

A faculty of explicitly feminist teachers, engaging feminist students in a course on feminism, is likely to generate sustained conversation and collaboration, because the free-wheeling exploration will be bounded by shared understandings and constraints. 

But many students in mass online higher education do not engage in course discussions or chat at all; discussion boards frequently degenerate into bitching sessions and flame wars. Creating such a communicative environment in more typical college environments may prove difficult, without shared learning aims or pedagogical principles. Do the DOCC leaders plan to extend this experiment beyond their own favorable settings?    

          New plan for Hull blade display        
Entrance to Siemens Gamesa factory to be home to City of Culture exhibit
          Siemens Gamesa towers for Thais        
G114 2MW and 2.2MW turbines installed at Sarahnlom wind farm
          Het Nieuwe Werken met Business Productivity Online Suite levert NoSuch Company tijdbesparingen op tot 40%, nieuwe business én groei        
NoSuch is een communicatie- en marketingbureau in Rotterdam. Het onderscheidend vermogen van NoSuch zit in de manier waarop de ontwerpen tot stand komen: geen eindeloze (dure) vergaderingen, maar kort en bondig communiceren. De 28 medewerkers van NoSuch verzorgen opdrachten voor Shell, Unilever, Siemens en talloze andere opdrachtgevers. NoSuch Company schakelde onlangs over van een eigen communicatieserver naar Business Productivity Online Suite, een krachtige set online diensten voor communicatie en samenwerking. Teus Baars, directeur NoSuch: “Meegaan met innovatie levert gewoon business op, we gaan gigantische klappen maken.” Teus Baars: “Tijdens een bezoek aan het hoofdkantoor van Microsoft in Nederland maakte ik voor het eerst kennis met Live Meeting en RoundTable. Op zo’n moment realiseer je je dat dagelijkse dingen zoals bellen en vergaderen veel slimmer kunnen. Dat zet je aan het denken…” Mede omdat er een verhuizing naar een nieuw kantoorpand aan stond te komen, werd de gehele IT-omgeving samen met Microsoft Gold Certified partner IT Solution Partners doorgelicht. Teus Baars: “Ik zie een nieuwe manier van gestructureerd werken ontstaan: eenvoudig bestanden delen, inzicht in elkaars bereikbaarheid, met één klik communiceren en op afstand samenwerken via Live Meeting, inzage in elkaars agenda enzovoort. Dat gaat ons geweldig goed helpen bij het uitvoeren van onze projecten. We hadden al enige ervaring met smartphones, met de HTC Diamond Touch is het allemaal nog gemakkelijker geworden. Dat komt mede door de integratie van Windows Mobile 6.1 met Exchange Online. Agenda en mail zijn voor iedereen toegankelijk, echt een briljante oplossing: waar je ook bent, op de Diamond krijg je overal je mail binnen, zie je meteen of je collega’s beschikbaar zijn en heb je snel antwoord op vragen via instant messaging.”
          â€œWe Can Do Better”        
In 2011, Siemens sponsored a video contest titled “Changing Your City for the Better”. The topic was sustainable urban development. The contest, which was open to entries from all countries, called for videos of 2-5 minutes ...
          Sommerlochbuchparade: Schnip        

Eines meiner Herzensbücher, weil es nicht nur ganz zauberhaft illustriert ist, sondern auch ganz unaufgeregt und ermutigend eine Geschichte über Ängste erzählt, ist das Bilderbuch Schnip (Affiliate-Link).

Für die Geschichte von Claudia Lagermann hat die Illustratorin Hanneke Siemensma eine wunderbare kleine Tiergesellschaft entwickelt: Einen Vogelschwarm, einen Maulwurf, eine Mäusin, einen Frosch, ein Eichhörnchen und einen Igel.

Und zu jenem Vogelschwarm gehört der Vogel Schnip, der ein Problem hat: Er hat Angst vorm Fliegen.

Als die anderen Vögel sich vorm Winter auf die lange Reise in den warmen Süden machen – bleibt Schnip allein zurück.

Die Angst ist einfach zu groß.…

          01.12.17 20:00 Uhr - Erlangen - Claudia Bill - Franke? - Nein danke!        
Tickets erhältlich unter:

Aus der Tiefe der fränkischen Provinz taucht die preußische Kabarettistin Claudia Bill zu einem Befreiungsschlag auf. Jahrelang hat sie beobachtet, gestaunt und geschluckt. Mit ihren Wurzeln im Ruhrpott hat die Migrantin Claudia Bill hierzulande keinen leichten Stand. Jetzt kommt die Revanche: Die ganze aufgestaute Energie bricht sich Bahn, wenn sie über Franken, Siemensianer, Frühpensionäre, Sex und Alter loszieht. Da wird auch ihr Ehemann und Klavierbegleiter nicht geschont. Heimlich versucht sie aber, die Einheimischen durch Umarmung und List zu erobern.
Besonders hinterhältig ist ihr „alter ego“, die bauernschlaue Marie Messingschlager, mit der sie alle Vorurteile von Hiesigen und Zugereisten unterläuft.
Jeder Auftritt ist ein Wagnis. Pointen sind wichtiger als Rücksicht, und was Claudia Bill sich dann doch nicht sagen traut, das singt sie. Bleibt die Frage: Wird Claudia Bill nach ihrem Auftritt außer Landes verwiesen oder gewähren ihr humorvolle Franken Asyl?
Schon 12 Jahre steht Claudia in und um Erlangen auf der Bühne und lässt die Endorphine sprudeln. Sie kombiniert Dramatik mit abwechslungsreichem Schauspiel; sie gibt’s nur live und zum Anfassen. Darum haben ihr die Zuschauer immer wieder begeistert verziehen und erzählen ihre Geschichten oft wortwörtlich weiter.

FAZIT: Ohne Claudia Bill wäre das Leben in Franken ärmer: Die Zugereisten könnten es nicht ertragen und die Einheimischen nicht herzhaft lachen.

          EPLAN Joins Siemens PLM Solution Partner Program        

Digital Engineering

The companies will combine Teamcenter and the EPLAN platform into one interface.

The post EPLAN Joins Siemens PLM Solution Partner Program appeared first on Digital Engineering.

          Let’s Get Bankable: Vionx Secures Insurance Product for Its Flow Batteries        

Flow battery maker Vionx took a step toward easier sales by releasing an insurance product for its technology.

The Massachusetts company teamed up with New Energy Risk to create a performance insurance policy that covers energy, power, round-trip efficiency and availability of the vanadium redox flow systems. This could open a new chapter in the bankability of insurgent battery technologies challenging lithium-ion's dominance.

Flow battery makers argue that their long-duration systems can cycle for years without degradation, making them ultimately cheaper to own than lithium-ion batteries, which fade over time. The lifetime cost of ownership argument, though, requires the customer to believe the company's claims about its new technology, even though it hasn't been operating for more than a few years. 

Having an outside entity vet the technology changes the dynamic of trust. Vionx asserts that this is the first insurance product for a utility-scale flow battery.

"It takes Vionx from, 'We can compete on price; trust us,' to 'We can compete on price, but you don't have to trust us, because it's guaranteed by an insurance company,'" said Daniel Finn-Foley, an energy storage analyst at GTM Research.

Besides confidence in the technology, the end customer needs to feel secure that if something does go wrong, someone's on the hook to fix it.

Performance guarantees have become standard for long-term lithium-ion storage contracts with major utilities, Finn-Foley noted. Recent utility-scale projects in California included 20-year performance warranties, which means the developer will absorb the cost of replacing batteries and inverters as they give out.

That's a credible commitment from a company like AES, which has been building storage systems for a decade and has a market cap of $7.3 billion.

It's a lot harder to convince customers when a company has only been around for a few years and has delivered just a few small pilot-scale projects. The insurance offering shifts the ultimate burden of accountability from Vionx to New Energy Risk, an affiliate of global insurance company XL Catlin.

The customer for the policy would be the engineering, procurement and construction contractor that purchases Vionx batteries as part of an energy storage project. If any issues arise with a deployed system, Vionx still has the affirmative obligation to repair or replace according to warranty. The insurance covers the scenario in which there's a performance shortfall and Vionx can't fulfill the warranty.

“Vionx is a small company, but you have this financial support if anything does go wrong,” said Alan Dash, a member of the Vionx board.

Phrased differently, this means that New Energy Risk (NER) has sufficient confidence in Vionx's flow systems to put its name and money behind them.

Under the arrangement, NER is offering an initial tranche of $50 million of coverage for Vionx’s current pipeline.

“We are prepared to provide additional capacity as Vionx grows and customer adoption increases in the marketplace,” said NER CEO Tom Dickson.

The insurer’s confidence stems from a nearly 20-month vetting process. The NER analysts took a deeply technical approach, crunching through raw performance data from field units and accelerated lifetime testing, said Chief Commercial Officer Jon Cozens.

The company specializes in seeking out promising emerging energy technologies from companies with limited balance sheets, and offering them creditworthy support, Cozens said.

“In the energy finance construct, a lot of times lenders require balance-sheet support to finance the deal,” Cozens said. “Our business is fundamentally around enabling project finance."

This boost comes at a pivotal time for Vionx, which is looking to expand from its first few demos to broader commercial production.

The company has two systems operating today in Massachusetts: a 160-kilowatt, 4-hour system at an Army Reserve base at Fort Devens, and a 500-kilowatt, 6-hour system at Holy Name High School in Worcester. Vionx has built partnerships with other veteran companies to help move the product, including UTC, Siemens and 3M. 

I was able to track down one other flow battery insurance product. ViZn Energy has developed an insurance product that it is actively sharing with specific customers in three-way meetings with insurance providers, VP of Marketing Mike Grunow confirmed in an email.

In fairness to Vionx, ViZn has not broadcast this information, and insurance has not been needed on its announced bookings so far. The trophy for first flow battery insurance sold, then, remains up for grabs.

Το 2019 ξεκινά η Γραμμή 4 του Μετρό – Άλσος Βεΐκου-Γουδή

Τέσσερα σχήματα εκδήλωσαν ενδιαφέρον για την κατασκευή του α’ τμήματος της «Γραμμής 4» του Μετρό της Αθήνας, το οποίο θα αφορά τη διαδρομή Άλσος Βεΐκου – Γουδή.

Σύμφωνα με την Αττικό Μετρό Α.Ε., επίσημο ενδιαφέρον εκδήλωσαν οι εξής εταιρείες:




FCC – ARCHIRODON – Μυτιληναίος

Η ολοκλήρωση της α’ φάσης του σχετικού διαγωνισμού, σύμφωνα με την εταιρεία, σηματοδοτεί την εκκίνηση της υλοποίησης της «Γραμμής 4», προϋπολογισμού 1,45 δισ. ευρώ (χωρίς ΦΠΑ).

Η διοίκηση της Αττικό Μετρό εξέφρασε την ικανοποίηση της για το ενδιαφέρον και τη συμμετοχή κατασκευαστικών εταιρειών από την Ελλάδα και το εξωτερικό, καθώς η ολοκλήρωση του έργου εκτιμάται ότι θα συμβάλλει καταλυτικά στην αναβάθμιση της ποιότητας ζωής και των παρεχόμενων υπηρεσιών προς τους πολίτες της Αττικής.

Σημειώνεται ότι οι δεσμευτικές προσφορές για την υλοποίηση του έργου θα αρχίσουν να υποβάλλονται στα τέλη του 2017.

Οι εργασίες επέκτασης αναμένεται να ξεκινήσουν το 2019 και να ολοκληρωθούν εντός οκτώ ετών από την έναρξή τους.

          4 tarinaa alkuperäiskansojen ilmastokamppailuista        

Kaivosyhtiöt, rasismi, kolonialismi, öljyteollisuus – alkuperäiskansat ympäri maailman joutuvat kamppailemaan monia asioita vastaan saavuttaakseen oikeudenmukaisuutta ilmastoasioissa.

Kanadasta Hondurasiin, Brasiliaan ja Suomeen, alkuperäiskansat ovat puristuksissa hallitusten politiikan ja suuryritysten ahneuden välissä. Nopea ilmastonmuutos kasvattaa haasteita entisestään. Kun koko elämä, olemassaolo ja kulttuuri ovat uhattuina, ei ole mahdollisuutta juosta pakoon. Ainoa keino selvitä on pitää ääntä.

Maailman alkuperäiskansojen päivänä neljä aktivistia kertoo kamppailuistaan.

Arnaldo Kabá Munduruku – Päällikkö – Cacique

Amazonin sademetsään, Tapajós-joen alueelle suunnitellut padot uhkaavat ajaa Munduruku-heimon heidän kodeistaan, tuhoten satoja vuosia vanhan kulttuurin, elämäntavan ja elinkeinot. Yli miljoona ihmistä on jo osoittanut tukensa Munduruku-heimon pyrkimyksille estää Amazonin tuhoisa patoaminen. Päättäjät ovat vihdoinkin alkaneet kuunnella heitä: ensimmäisen patohankkeen rakennusluvat peruttiin viime viikolla! Munduruku-heimo jatkaa kuitenkin taistelua, sillä vireillä on useita muitakin patohankkeita. Heimo pyrkii myös viimein saamaan virallisen tunnustuksen asuinmailleen, mikä pitäisi sademetsän turvassa tuhoisilta hankkeilta.

Kuten kaikki tähän artikkeliin haastatellut henkilöt, myös Arnaldo on täynnä sellaista energiaa ja päättäväisyyttä, joka takaa että hän tulee voittamaan. Arnaldon päättäväisyys vie hänet Iso-Britanniaan asti, jotta hän voi kohdata Siemensin – yhden niistä yrityksistä jotka ovat mukana Amazonin patohankkeissa.

“Sademetsä ja joki antavat meille kaiken, mitä tarvitsemme. Ruoan, juomaveden, lääkkeet. Jos joelle rakennetaan pato, joki kuolee. Samalla kuolevat myös heimoni jäsenet, koko kulttuurimme. Lastemme tulevaisuutta uhkaa yritysten ja hallituksen kunnianhimo. Sademetsä on tärkeä myös muille ihmisille eri maista, sillä se kuuluu kaikille.”

Jenni Laiti - Saamelainen â€“ Taiteilija ja aktivisti - Suohpanterror

Saamelainen Jenni on taitelija ja aktivisti. Hän on ilmastosoturi, jonka loppumaton tahto tekee kaikesta mahdollista. Saamelaiset ja heidän perinteiset  elintapansa ovat uhattuina. He ovat taistelleet oikeuksiensa puolesta aiemmin ja aikovat tehdä niin vastaisuudessakin.

“Meitä ei oteta mukaan, meiltä ei kysytä eikä meille vastata. Emme ole asialistalla. Tilanne on sama kaikessa politiikassa Ruotsissa, Norjassa, Suomessa ja Venäjällä. Me käytämme maitamme kestävästi, perinteisten saamelaisten tapojen mukaan, mutta samaan aikaan elämme kolonialistisissa maissa, heidän lakiensa ja järjestyksensa alla. Omaa saamelaista tapaoikeuttamme ei tunnusteta. Perintömme, kielemme ja tietomme heikkenevät niin kauan, kuin elämme uudisasukkaiden kulttuurin varjossa.”

“He näkevät Lapin ja sen viimeisen eurooppalaisen erämaan kolonialismin kautta: tyhjänä periferiana, jonka he voivat yhä valloittaa. Jonka he voivat viedä meiltä, ja jota he voivat hyväksikäyttää kuten haluavat. Joku kysyi minulta kerran “Mitkä alkuperäiset asukkaat?”. Me! Emme taistele vain kolonialismia ja kapitalismia, vaan myös ilmastonmuutosta vastaan. Näemme, että elämämme ovat uhattuina ja seisomme reunalla. Jotta voimme selvitä, ei ole tilaa kolonialismille, eikä mitään annettavaa kapitalismille. Olemme jo nyt nurkkaan ajettuja. Koen että minä, perheeni, kansani ja alueeni olemme uhattuina.”

Gaspar Sanchez - COPINH (Civic Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations of Honduras)

Gaspar kuuluu Lenca-nimiseen alkuperäiskansaan ja on jäsen Lencan alkuperäiskansajärjestö COPINH:ssa, jota oli perustamassa Berta Cacerés. Alkuperäiskansan asuinalueille on myönnetty 51 toimilupaa patohankkeille. COPINH on tehnyt 49:sta niistä valituksen. Heidän kamppailunsa on vienyt joidenkin aktivistien hengen. 

“Kaikki nämä projektit ovat lainvastaisia ja luvattomia. Lainvastaisia, koska ne eivät seuraa kansainvälisiä konventioita, kuten artiklaa 169, joka takaa oikeuden etukäteiseen, vapaaseen ja tiedostettuun hyväksymisprosessiin. Ne ovat luvattomia, koska yhdenkään päätöksen kohdalla ei ole keskusteltu meidän kanssamme.

Alueemme ovat laajasti militarisoituja. Kun yhteisöt päättävät nostaa äänensä kuuluviin, heistä tehdään rikollisia, heitä ahdistellaan ja jopa tapetaan. Tovereitani on tapettu, koska he ovat puolustaneet jokiamme ja alueitamme. Pyhien Gualcarque ja Blanco -jokien tapauksessa viisi toveria on tapettu. Kuusi, jos lasketaan Berta Cáceresin salamurha. Ennen heitäkin on ollut uhreja, koska on selvää ettei tässä maassa ole alkuperäiskansojen tarpeisiin vastaavia toimielimiä. Olemme tällä hetkellä täysin puolustuskyvyttömiä. Hallitus ja sen instituutiot tekevät yhteistyötä poliitikkojen ja yritysten, joskus jopa huumekaupan ja organisoidun rikollisuuden kanssa, joten alkuperäiskansoja ei puolusta kukaan.”

Clayton Thomas-Müller – Mathais Colomb Cree -alkuperäiskansa – Stop it at the Source- kampanjoitsija,

Clayton kuuluu Mathais Colomb Cree -alkuperäiskansaan (Pukatawagan), Pohjois-Manitobassa Kanadassa. Hän on Cree-aktivisti, joka ajaa alkuperäiskansojen itsepäätäntävaltaa ja  ympäristöllisiä oikeuksia.

“Olen hyvin vakaasti sitä mieltä, että useimpien Kanadassa elävien alkuperäiskansojen edustajat jakavat ajatukseni siitä, mikä on ratkaisu kansainväliseen kriisiin ilmastonmuutokseen puuttumisessa ja sopeuttamisohjelmien kehittämisesssä. Ratkaisut piilevät syvällä kolonialismiin ja tunnustamiseen liittyvissä asioissa. Jotta Kanadan nykyinen talousmalli olisi menestyksekäs, täytyy heidän toteuttaa politiikkaa, joka siirtää alkuperäiskansat mailtaan ja vie näiltä oikeudet niihin. Näin alueilta voidaan kiskoa irti kaikki luonnonvarat, jotka sitten myydään eniten tarjoaville kansainvälisillä markkinoilla. Tämän täytyy muuttua.

Alkuperäiskansojen mailla tapahtuva luonnonvarateollisuus on uuskolonialismia – se on kaksiteräinen miekka. Yritysten toimet ja ilmastonmuutos vaikuttavat meihin suhteettoman paljon ja uhkaavat laissa säädettyjä oikeuksiamme metsästää, kalastaa ja käyttää pyydyksiä. G8-maat haluavat hyötyä ilmastokriisistä. Kanada rahastaa erilaisilla päästökompensaatiohankkeilla. Niiden turvin Kanada voi istuttaa miljoona öljypalmupuuta kehittyviin etelän maihin, ja kuitata näin kyseenalaiset öljyhiekkateollisuuden laajennukset pohjoisessa. Alueellamme on maailman toiseksi suurimmat luontoon sitoutuneet hiilivarannot, joten meillä on valtava vastuu pitää öljy maan sisällä. Jos Kanadan öljyhiekkateollisuus kehitetään sen täyteen mahtiin, ihmiskunta kohtaa loppunsa.”

Miten minä voin tukea alkuperäiskansoja?

“Jätä etuoikeutesi ovensuuhun. Kun järjestän asioita, resurssini eivät keskity hallitseviin luokkiin. Katson enemmän niitä yhteisöjä, joiden vapautus on sidottu minun vapauttamiseeni; joiden sorto on sidottu minun sortooni. Yhteenkuuluvuus on voimakkain väline sosiaalisissa liikkeissä”, Clayton sanoo.

Lisätietoja alkuperäiskansojen kamppailuista:

Indigenous Environmental Network

Indigenous Climate Action

Environmental Justice Atlas

Indigenous Rising


Kirjoittamiseen osallistui Suzanne Dhaliwal, UK Tar Sands Networkin apulaisjohtaja


          Sistema de Unidades (SI)        
Sistema de unidades

Conheça as grandezas e unidades de medida adotadas no Brasil e no mundo .

Por muito tempo, o mundo usou medidas imprecisas, como aquelas baseadas no corpo humano: palmo, pé, polegada, braça, côvado. Isso acabou gerando muitos problemas, principalmente no comércio, devido à falta de um padrão para determinar quantidades de produtos.

Para resolver o problema, o Governo Republicano Francês, em 1789, pediu à Academia de Ciências da França que criasse um sistema de medidas baseado numa "constante natural". Assim foi criado o Sistema Métrico Decimal. Este sistema adotou, inicialmente, três unidades básicas de medida: o metro, o litro e o quilograma.

O sistema métrico decimal acabou sendo substituído pelo Sistema Internacional de Unidades (SI), mais complexo e sofisticado. No Brasil, o SI foi adotado em 1962 e ratificado pela Resolução nº 12 de 1998 do Conselho Nacional de Metrologia, Normalização e Qualidade Industrial (Conmetro), tornando-se de uso obrigatório em todo o Território Nacional.

Logo abaixo, você conhecerá as grandezas e suas unidades de medida. À direita da tabela, verá o símbolo da unidade e suas equilavências. No pé da página, confira os principais prefixos do sistema internacional.

Principais Unidades SI
Grandeza Nome Plural Símbolo
comprimento metro metros m
área metro quadrado metros quadrados m²
volume metro cúbico metros cúbicos m³
ângulo plano radiano radianos rad
tempo segundo segundos s
freqüência hertz hertz Hz
velocidade metro por segundo metros por segundo m/s
aceleração metro por segundo
por segundo metros por segundo
por segundo m/s²
massa quilograma quilogramas kg
massa específica quilograma por
metro cúbico quilogramas por
metro cúbico kg/m³
vazão metro cúbico
por segundo metros cúbicos
por segundo m³/s
quantidade de matéria mol mols mol
força newton newtons N
pressão pascal pascals Pa
trabalho, energia
quantidade de calor joule joules J
potência, fluxo de energia watt watts W
corrente elétrica ampère ampères A
carga elétrica coulomb coulombs C
tensão elétrica volt volts V
resistência elétrica ohm ohms
condutância siemens siemens S
capacitância farad farads F
temperatura Celsius grau Celsius graus Celsius ºC
temp. termodinâmica kelvin kelvins K
intensidade luminosa candela candelas cd
fluxo luminoso lúmen lúmens lm
iluminamento lux lux lx

Algumas Unidades em uso com o SI, sem restrição de prazo
Grandeza Nome Plural Símbolo Equivalência
volume litro litros l ou L 0,001 m³
ângulo plano grau graus º p/180 rad
ângulo plano minuto minutos ´ p/10 800 rad
ângulo plano segundo segundos ´´ p/648 000 rad
massa tonelada toneladas t 1 000 kg
tempo minuto minutos min 60 s
tempo hora horas h 3 600 s
angular rotação
por minuto rotações
por minuto rpm p/30 rad/s

Algumas Unidades fora do SI, admitidas temporariamente
Grandeza Nome Plural Símbolo Equivalência
pressão atmosfera atmosferas atm 101 325 Pa
pressão bar bars bar Pa
pressão milímetro
de mercúrio milímetros
de mercúrio mmHg 133,322 Pa
de calor caloria calorias cal 4,186 8 J
área hectare hectares ha m²
força quilograma-
força quilogramas-
força kgf 9,806 65 N
comprimento milha
marítima milhas
marítimas 1 852 m
velocidade nó nós (1852/3600)m/s

Principais prefixos das Unidades SI
Nome Símbolo Fator de multiplição da unidade
tera T = 1 000 000 000 000
giga G = 1 000 000 000
mega M = 1 000 000
quilo k 10³ = 1000
hecto h 10² = 100
deca da 10

deci d = 0,1
centi c = 0,01
mili m = 0,001
micro µ = 0,000 001
nano n = 0,000 000 001
pico p = 0,000 000 000 001

1 QUILOGRAMA (kg) 1000 g
1 TONELADA (T) 1000 kg
1 QUILATE 0,205 g
1 ONÇA (oz) 28,352 g
1 LIBRA (lb) 16 oz
1 LIBRA (lb) 453,6 g
1 ARROBA 32,38 lb
1 ARROBA 14,687 kg

1 METRO 10O cm
1 QUILÔMETRO (km) 1000 m
1 POLEGADA 2,54 cm
1 PÉ 30,48 cm
1 JARDA 0,914 m
1 MILHA 1,6093 km
1 BRAÇA 2,2 m

1 M² 10000 cm²
1 CM² 100 mm²
1 ARE (A) 100 m²
1 HECTARE (HA) 100 A
1 HECTARE (HA) 10000 m²
1 ACRE 4064 m²

          DriverPack Solution 17.7.58. ISO. Actualización Automatizada de Drivers        
DriverPack Solution está diseñado para ayudarte a encontrar de manera fácil e instalar automáticamente los controladores para tu ordenador, laptop, minilaptop o ultrabook. DriverPack Solution automatiza el proceso de reinstalación de Windows en cualquier ordenador, al no tener que buscar e instalar los controladores en la internet ya que ejecutando el programa los podrás encontrar fácilmente con un par de clic, tal como comentas sus autores en menos de 5 minutos. DriverPack Solution es compatible con todos los modelos de ordenadores y portátiles existentes: INTEL, ASUS , ACER, SONY, SAMSUNG , HP , LENOVO , TOSHIBA , Fujitsu-Siemens , DELL,

          [DE] Siemens signs framework contract for 100 locomotives with Deutsche Bahn [updated]        
          [CH] Siemens delivers: BLS Cargo 406 and 407 arrive in Switzerland        
          Lettere brugte vindmøller i Randers skal væk efter støtteudløb        
Efter blot ni år i drift står ti 120 meter høje Siemens-møller til at blive udskiftet ved Randers. Møllerne løber nemlig tør for støtte.
          Grüne Jobs – gut für Umwelt und Arbeitsmarktstatistik        
Dass Erneuerbare Energien das Klima langfristig schützen, ist bekannt. Dass sie auch für den Abbau von Arbeitslosigkeit sorgen können, ist dagegen eher ein wenig diskutierter und unbekannter Aspekt. Am Beispiel von Siemens, die in den USA Windturbinen produzieren, zeigen wir, wie gut Klimaschutz und eine funktionierende Wirtschaft miteinander harmonieren können. Am Stadtrand des 11.000-Seelen-Städtchens Fort…
          Urheberschutz — Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverlage        
Die Bundesregierung hat beschlossen, offenbar etwas für den Schutz der Urheber zu tun, indem sie den Presseverlegern (!) ein Leistungsschutzrecht in Aussicht stellt. Das Leistungsschutzrecht soll unter anderem eine Lücke bei den Monopolrechten schließen, weil Sätze wie ,,Oderhochwasser steigt weiter“, ,,Siemensaktie sinkt auf Jahrestief“ oder ,,BND-Agenten-Affäre weitet sich aus“ noch keinem exklusiven Recht unterfallen, obwohl … Urheberschutz — Leistungsschutzrecht für Presseverlage weiterlesen
          Innovations in Training at Commerce        

Leonardo DaVinci.  Paul Revere.  Ben Franklin.  Vincent Van Gogh.  Elvis Presley.  David Beede.  April Blair. William Hawk. Andrea Julca.  Karlheinz Skowronek. Patricia Tomczyszyn.

Which names don’t seem to belong with the others?  Trick question.  While DaVinci and other names obviously are famous, the backgrounds of all of these women and men have something major in common: They trained as apprentices.

Cover image of the The Benefits and Costs of Apprenticeships: A Business Perspective report.DaVinci and Van Gogh apprenticed as painters.  Revere, as a silversmith and Franklin, as a printer.  Elvis apprenticed not as a singer, but as an electrician.  As for Beede, Blair, Hawk, Julca, Skowronek and Tomczyszyn, they are all Commerce Department employees who trained on the job in data analysis, discovery and visualization at the Commerce Data Academy.  (More on this in a bit.)

This past November included National Apprenticeship Week, and as US Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez said, “Apprenticeships are experiencing a modern renaissance in America because the earn-while-learn model is a win-win proposition for workers looking to punch their ticket to the middle-class and for employers looking to grow and thrive in our modern global economy.”

The first-time study of the business benefits and costs of apprenticeships by ESA’s Office of Chief Economist and Case Western University underscores the point.  Key findings of the full report from 13 case studies include:

  • Companies turned to apprenticeships most often when they simply could not find skilled workers off the street locally.
  • Filling hard-to-fill jobs was the single most common benefit of apprenticeships.
  • Companies adapt apprenticeships to meet their unique needs.

The report also looked at the relative costs and benefits at two companies.  Siemens finds an 8 percent return on investment to its apprenticeship program relative to hiring skilled workers.  The Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Centers apprenticeships helped to reduce unpopular, unproductive, expensive overtime work from medical providers and to increase booked hours, which together more than paid for the apprentices.

ApprenticeshipUSA Toolkit - Advancing Apprenticeship as a Workforce StrategyOverall, the companies studied were unanimous in their support of registered apprenticeships.  They found value in the program and identified benefits that more than justified the costs and commitments to the apprentices.

The Labor Department’s ApprenticeshipUSA program offers tools and information to employers and employees about adopting the age-old earn-while-learning model for 21st century workforce needs.

Meanwhile, Commerce is helping to pioneer a hands-on, data-centric instructional model for the federal government by establishing our Commerce Data Academy – winner of the FedScoop 50 Tech Program of the Year for 2016.

Launched by the Commerce Data Service, the Data Academy’s goal is to empower more Commerce employees to make data-driven decisions, advancing the data pillar of Secretary Penny Pritzker’s “Open for Business” strategy and bringing a data-driven approach to modernizing government.

The Academy began as a pilot last January to test demand for training in data science, data engineering and web development training.  The pilot offered classes in agile development, HTML & CSS, Storytelling with Data, and Excel at Excel. 

Commerce Data Academy - Educating and empowering Commerce Employees.

We crossed our fingers for at least 30 pilot enrollees.  We were thrilled to receive 422 registrations, and initial classes posted a nearly 90 percent attendance rate. 

This overwhelming response told us: We needed to officially launch the Academy. 

So we did, and to date, we have presented 20 courses (two more are coming) with topics from agile development, to storytelling with data, to machine learning, to programming in Python. We have more than 1,900 unique Commerce registrants and nearly 1,100 unique attendees so far.

For the truly committed (and talented), the Academy offers an in-depth residency program that features a chance to work alongside data scientists and professional developers within the Commerce Data Service.  Residents must tough through an immersive boot camp to prepare for a three-month detail, but the reward is a chance to work on a high-priority problem or need identified by their home bureaus.

The first class of 13 residents recently graduated, and their bureaus are thrilled with the data-oriented products they have created – several featured at the recent Opportunity Project Demo Day and the Commerce Data Advisory Council (CDAC) meeting – and they’ve been instrumental in many of the Commerce Data Service’s award-winning innovations.

We really appreciated the additional feedback from CDAC’s digital thought leaders who encouraged us to spread the word out about our academy, join the online digital education community, harness the alumni network as it grows, and keep teaching our grads. 

Back Row L-R: Kevin Markham (Instructor, General Assembly); Steven Finkelstein (Census); Dmitri Smith (BIS); William Hawk (ESA); David Garrow (Census); Adam Bray (Instructor, General Assembly); David Beede (ESA). Front Row L-R: Karlheinz Skowronek (PTO), April Blair (PTO), Tanya Shen (BEA), Stephen Devine (EDA), Laura Cutrer (NOAA), and Patricia Tomczyszyn (MBDA). Not pictured: Amanda Reynolds (ITA), Gregory Paige (OS), Andrea Julca (BEA), Jennifer Rimbach (MBDA) Photograph: Dr. Tyrone Grandison.

Back Row L-R: Kevin Markham (Instructor, General Assembly); Steven Finkelstein (Census); Dmitri Smith (BIS); William Hawk (ESA); David Garrow (Census); Adam Bray (Instructor, General Assembly); David Beede (ESA). Front Row L-R: Karlheinz Skowronek (PTO), April Blair (PTO), Tanya Shen (BEA), Stephen Devine (EDA), Laura Cutrer (NOAA), and Patricia Tomczyszyn (MBDA). Not pictured: Amanda Reynolds (ITA), Gregory Paige (OS), Andrea Julca (BEA), Jennifer Rimbach (MBDA) Photograph: Dr. Tyrone Grandison.

Data skills are invaluable in the 21st century digital economy, and we want to do our part to advance America’s economy and competitiveness. 

Jake Schwartz, CEO and co-founder of the education startup General Assembly (a collaborator in setting up the initial Commerce Data Academy courses), recently told CNBC that the number-one skill that employers demand now is around data science, development and analytics.  This demand is driving new opportunities for rewarding jobs and careers in data.  But not just for digital and data professionals.  Everyone, in almost every industry and every job, and every level, including CEOs, will need a basic grounding. 

“An investment in knowledge,” onetime apprentice Ben Franklin said, “pays the best interest.” 

Franklin’s employers who invested in his printing apprenticeship certainly never imagined that he would leverage his trade to help found a nation.  Who knows how the Commerce Data Academy will launch David Beede, April Blair, William Hawk, Andrea Julca, Karlheinz Skowronek, Patricia Tomczyszyn and other alumni – current and future – to a future that could change the world. 

Thanks for reading.


Justin Antonipillai - Counselor to Secretary Penny Pritzker, with the Delegated Duties of the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs

          3TF48 CONTACTOR SIEMENS **UNUSED**: For Sale $ 400.00        
          Ð’от и пришел радостный день для женщин!!!        

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Motor marca siemens trifasico de 50 hp para compresores de aire precio pesos 43,700.01 neto a negociar entrega inmediata datos técnicos che car en placa nota: costos sujetos a cambio sin previo aviso disponible para entrega inmediata fermon, fabricas de mexico fabricacion, compra venta, renta, reparacion de compresores, secadores, chillers, tanques, aire acondicionado y maquinaria en general.sand blast, pintura electrostatica enviamos a toda la republica mexicana comunicate tel: 53-58-68-88 / 53-94-07-57 / 53-83-48-99 whatsapp: (044) 55-14-36-85-36 distribuidor: pachuca hidalgo. estamos buscando distribuidores en tod
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Compresor marca fermon de 25 hp de piston tanque de 500 horizontal trifasico con arrancador con guardabandas cabezal en v de 25 hp motor marca siemens de 25 hp 3 fases 175 psi max 220/440 voltaje se entrega con planos del tanque certificado de calidad y memoria de calculo garantia de 1año $71,752.96 pesos nota: costos sujetos a cambio sin previo aviso disponible para entrega inmediata comunicate tel: 53-58-68-88 / 53-94-07-57 / 53-83-48-99 whatsapp: (044) 55-14-36-85-36 distribuidor: pachuca hidalgo. estamos buscando distribuidores en toda la republica mexicana
          Mobile Master        
  Mobile Master - большой пакет утилит для управления мобильными телефонами Siemens, Sony Ericsson и Nokia, LG, Motorola, Samsung. Есть синхронизация данных с Outlook, Lotus Notes, The Bat, Eudora ,Outlook Express, Google calendar, Palm Desktop, Novell Groupwise, iTunes, и др., закачка музыки/картинок, работа с базами данных и телефонными книгами. Кроме синхронизации позволяет закачивать и скачивать файлы […]
          Making Muni Metro cars last — more maintenance, better training        
The first of the new Metro light-rail cars manufactured by Siemens will begin arriving at the end of 2016, but it will years for most of the new-and-improved cars to arrive. Until then, Muni and its passengers will have to make do with the 17-year-old fleet of Breda cars, prone to failures of doors, steps
          Can we stop with the age labels already?        
At a recent meeting, one attendee made an observation about how, when it comes to learning solutions, young people are comfortable with the use of technology, while older people are not. I challenged this, pointing out that I (being north of my 50th birthday) fall into the 'older' category, and I am perfectly comfortable with digital solutions (just as well, since I design them!). The person responded with, "Yes, but you're the exception."

It wasn't an unfriendly exchange, that was simply her perception. One that I'm finding to be fairly widespread, and many late adopters are citing this as their reason for delaying the deployment of digital learning components in their learning solutions - they still have some older people on the staff.

But is time we put this perception to bed, now. For one thing, it's ageist.
Jane Hart and Harry get techie together
I think generational labels like digital immigrants/natives, millennials, GenY, etc are anything but helpful in this regard, because they carry with them implications which the reality simply doesn't bear out. In fact, many of the movers and shakers in this field are no longer in the first flush of youth by any stretch of the imagination.

Let's look at some case studies:
  • Today, I read a blog post by Tony Bates, announcing his retirement. Tony recently turned 75, and many commenters are skeptical that he will be able to stay retired, because he lives and breathes online learning.
  • Jay Cross is often credited with being the first person to use the term e-learning. Whether or not this is true isn't really the point. What is the point is that Jay is one of the movers and shakers in the field of digital learning, and - as far as I know - his 60th birthday is in the past. The link takes you to a website, but you'll find him on Twitter, Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn, Diigo, Pinterest... 
  • Jay is the CEO of the Internet Time Alliance, a collective which helps organisations become more networked, collaborative, distributed and agile. The other members of this group are Harold Jarche, Charles Jennings (think 70:20:10), Clark Quinn and Jane Hart (of the annual 100 top tools list - see photo). I'm on hugging terms with all these people, so I hope they won't mind me telling you that none of them will ever see 50 again. On his Facebook page, Charles recently shared a video of himself playing the banjo (the man is a skilled musician, as so many learning geeks appear to be) on the occasion of his 65th birthday. Jane Hart's Facebook page is full of photos of her adored grandchildren.
  • Stephen Downes is a highly regarded "commentator in the fields of online learning and new media" (as his wikipedia page asserts). His OLDaily blog posts are varied and interesting - required reading for anyone who wants to keep up to date with developments in the field. He celebrated his 55th birthday earlier this month.
  • Together with Stephen Downes, George Siemens developed the Theory of Connectivism as a way of describing learning in the digital era. In his early 40s, George is probably going to be the baby of this group that I'm throwing together here today.  I just hope he doesn't mind being lumped together with all these oldies ;)
There are many other examples of luminaries in the field, and I could sit here all day, listing people - purely from memory - who are leading lights in the field and north of 50. But let's come down a notch to more everyday people:
  • My Facebook friends list includes at least two people in their 80s.
  • I keep in touch with my 74 year old Mom by means of WhatsApp and Skype. When a WhatsApp message arrives from her, my screen announces her as 'Barbara the Legend'. And that's what she is.
  • My doctors' surgery has an interactive screen by which patients of all ages make their arrival known. I've seen them do it.
  • Buying groceries online and having them delivered is a boon for elderly and/or infirm customers. I have no concrete examples, but I'm confident they exist, and that more people would use the facility if they just got a little help with the initial learning curve.
  • Autobanks are used by people of all ages. Next time you use one, take a look at the demographic of the other users.
  • eReaders are a great tool for bookworms with arthritis and/or grandchildren. Imagine being a grandparent with an entire library of books in your handbag/pocket! I'm not a granny yet, but I know all about how the pain of arthritis! There are some fabulous interactive ebooks to explore with grandchildren.
  • I've read Amazon book and product reviews by people of all ages.
  • And on and on and on
We have got to stop thinking of digital spaces as being the comfort zone of the 'young'. Jane Bozarth often refers to herself as 'the oldest millennial'. I think there are several others who might give her a run for her money (caveat: I have no idea how old Jane is).
Give your older staff members some credit. I'm pretty sure they'll surprise you.
Before I go, let me share this BBC article (with video) about 'cybergrannies'.

          'Railways should be under British control'        
IT WAS with horror that I heard that SW Trains had lost its franchise to a consortium from First Group and the Hong Kong metro but not just that but that the new franchises are going to scrap over £200 million worth of new rolling stock currently being built in Germany by Siemens. Is this the right way to run a railway?
          Hong Kong Koontech Technology LTD        
Hongkong Koontech Technology Ltd, focus on researching and developing, manufacturing and sales of Weatherproof Telephone and RFID products.KOON''s Weatherproof and dustproof telephone has the authority of production and it is the sole telephone in China which waterproof grade has reached IP66 Class.Application scope: metro, light railroad, speedway, ship, mine, etc.KOON has good relationship with some famous companies both at home and abroad, such as Siemens , Alcatel in France, Schlumberger ,TTIC in Taiwan ,China and so on. Our company also have Weatherproof Telephone,Dustproof Telephone,Industrial Telephone,Handfree Telephone,Emergency Telephone,Clean Room telephone,Hazardous Area telephone and so on
          Investment Recommendation: Claroty Series A        
Today, Claroty came out of stealth, announcing a Series A financing led by Bessemer. $32 Million is  is a lot for Series A, but this is an important company for our nation and our planet. To explain why, I thought I'd share this excerpt from our internal investment memo.

EXCERPT from APRIL 2016:

The Need for Industrial Security

The physical infrastructure of modern civilization runs on machinery: traffic lights, railroad switches, nuclear reactors, water treatment, electricity distribution, dams, ship engines, draw bridges, oil rigs, hospitals, gas pipelines, and factories depend upon mechanical elements such as pressure valves, turbines, motors, and pumps. These actuators (like the ones in the original Bessemer steel smelting process) were once manually configured, but today these machines are controlled by software running on directly-attached, single-purpose computers known as Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC). PLCs, in turn, are connected in aggregate to computers running Human Management Interfaces (HMI) through closed, vendor-proprietary Supervisory Control & Data Acquisition (SCADA) protocols like DNP3 and Profibus. Industrial manufacturers provide the machines, the PLCs, and the HMIs, and so Operations Technology (OT) teams typically need to use a mix of controllers and interfaces. This is collectively known as an ICS. 

During the PC revolution, many of these ICS components migrated to cheap, standard PCs, and their SCADA connections migrated to LAN switches and routers that leveraged the connectivity benefits of those PCs’ standard Ethernet ports. The security implications were relatively minor until the Internet came along; but now, if any computer in the building is connected to the Internet, all the machines are potentially exposed. ICS security had once depended upon an air-gap between IT and OT networks, and where absolutely necessary devices like one-way diodes were used to send data out of the OT network to the outside world. However, trends like remote management, cloud, IoT, and the adoption of open standards are eroding the network segmentation and creating new attack vectors.

The threat of ICS attacks is very different from threats plaguing other computer networks. First, there is little valuable data to steal from a PLC (with the theoretical exception of pharmaceuticals), and yet the consequences of an attack are potentially catastrophic; the worst doomsday scenarios of cyber warfare arise from compromised machinery such as gas relays, dams, reactors, and water treatment facilities that can kill millions of people when they malfunction. To get a taste of the kind of damage we’re talking about, watch this video from 2007, where members of the Idaho National Laboratory hacked some of its own machinery.

Second, the fear of unexpected downtime also makes OT teams less willing to experiment with new hardware and software updates. These factors create an environment of older computers running older software that is never patched despite the accumulation of known vulnerabilities.

Finally, OT teams will not run encryption or conventional cybersecurity software on their computers, lest the security processes interfere with the precise and fragile timing of their network; they would rather be infected than incur downtime. And evidence of infections is mounting:

•      The Stuxnet worm, allegedly developed jointly by NSA and the Israeli Army’s intelligence arm (Unit 8200), crippled the Iranian nuclear program by destroying their centrifuges;
•      Iran crippled the operations of the most valuable company on Earth, Saudi Aramco;
•      According to BVP-funded iSIGHT Partners, the Russia-based Sandstone Team developed the Blackworm malware that shut down power for 700K Ukrainians;
•      For two years, an Iranian group controlled malware inside a dam in Rye, New York (near BVP’s  Larchmont office).

The malware behind these attacks likely lay dormant for some time, and there is no comprehensive way to know how much more already lurks in critical ICS just waiting to be activated. According to the ICS-CERT, we discover more and more infections every year in US infrastructure.
So, at a time when nation-states, terrorists, and criminal organizations are scrambling for an advantage in cyberspace, society’s most critical infrastructure remains exposed and undefended.

Claroty’s Origin

Although our small investment in cyber foundry Team8 is gaining market value, we originally invested for more strategic reasons. Following our roadmap principle of “following the attackers,” we have long known that ICS would develop into a significant target, and hoped Team8 would provide us the best opportunity to invest in this market. They did just this with Claroty (fka Team 82), which is the second spin-out. Claroty is one of two dozen companies addressing cyber attacks on ICS. While Claroty is a newer entrant in this relatively nascent space, we believe deep the experience of its team makes it the likely winner.

Recall that retired Israeli General Nadav Zafrir had founded Team8 to focus the world’s best nation-state cyber warriors on the biggest challenges of cyber security. Zafrir recently commanded Unit 8200, considered Israel’s equivalent to the US National Security Agency (NSA). But unlike the NSA, which employs career-minded employees, Unit 8200 draws and trains the smartest draftees from the Israeli population, who, like everyone else, typically resign their military commission after three years. Naturally, several of them founded cybersecurity companies like Check Point, Palo Alto Networks, and NICE. But now Zafrir, along with the Unit’s former Head of Cyber (Israel Grimberg) and former Chief Technology Officer (Assaf Mischari), recruit and commercially train the top 1% of those graduates, re-purposing them in cybersecurity startups.

A principal skill set attributed to Unit 8200 is blind protocol analysis. If, for example, you wished to hack a Siemens centrifuge, you’d need to deconstruct the packets sent back and forth between the HMI and the PLC, or between the PLC and the actuator. Most protocols were cobbled together decades ago and were rarely well documented, and in some cases the vendors themselves treat them as holy writ. Unit 8200 is reputedly the best in the world at quickly and accurately understanding and parsing them down to the individual bit level. Team8 recruited the best, most experienced ICS thought leaders in Unit 8200, led by their team leader Benny Porat (CS PhD), to staff Claroty.

When Team8 starts a new company, it marries a technical team with an entrepreneurial founder. In the case of Claroty, Team8 recruited Amir Zilberstein, who founded the successful Waterfall Security and Gita Technologies. Waterfall develops ICS security products (unrelated to Claroty’s product); Gita’s technology remains undisclosed. Team8 also recruited Galina Antova, the former head of Siemens’ Industrial Security Services division, to run business development. Antova is a super impressive executive - highly connected, brilliant, and fast-moving. [See Appendix: Due Diligence for summaries of the team reference calls.] Next step is to recruit a CMO – we hope to get Patrick McBride, who was a star at iSight.

Beyond Security 

With meaningful Operations Technology (OT) experience on the team, Claroty is taking a different approach to the market than its competitors who generally come from cybersecurity backgrounds. Rather than lead with the cybersecurity benefits of their product, Claroty has developed an OT visibility platform that first and foremost surfaces operational issues. By deconstructing the proprietary vendor protocols, Claroty has delivered the first heterogeneous HMI with analytics that span an ICS network. Seeing as how most OT teams today care more about downtime than infection, we believe this approach will enjoy a far better reception in the near-term.

          The Failure of Cyber Security and the Startups Who Will Save Us        
2014 will be remembered as the year the cyber dam broke, breached by sophisticated hackers who submerged international corporations and government agencies in a flood of hurt. Apple, Yahoo, PF Changs, AT&T, Google, Walmart, Dairy Queen, UPS, eBay, Neiman Marcus, US Department of Energy and the IRS all reported major losses of private data relating to customers, patients, taxpayers and employees. Breaches at Boeing, US Transportation Command, US Army Corps of Engineers, and US Investigations Services (who runs the FBI’s security clearance checks) reported serious breaches of national security. Prior to last year, devastating economic losses had accrued only to direct targets of cyberwarfare, such as RSA and Saudi Aramaco, but in 2014, at least five companies with no military ties -- JP Morgan, Target, Sony, Kmart, and Home Depot – incurred losses exceeding $100M from forensic expenses, investments in remediation, fines, legal fees, re-organizations, and class-action lawsuits, not to mention damaged brands.

The press has already reported on where things went wrong at each company, promoting a false sense of security based on the delusion that remediating this vulnerability or that one would have prevented the damage. This kind of forensic review works for aviation disasters, where we have mature, well understood systems and we can fix the problems we find in an airplane. But information networks are constantly changing, and adversaries constantly invent new exploits. If one doesn’t work, they simply use another, and therein lies the folly of forensics.

Only when you step back and look at 2014 more broadly can you see a pattern that points toward a systemic failure of the security infrastructure underlying corporate networks, described below. So until we see a seismic shift in how vendors and enterprises think about security, hackers will only accelerate their pace of “ownership” of corporate and government data assets.

The Sprawl of Cyberwarfare

The breaches of 2014 demonstrate how cyberwarfare has fueled the rampant spread of cyber crime.

For the past decade, the world’s three superpowers, as well as UK, North Korea and Israel, quietly developed offensive capabilities for the purposes of espionage and military action. Destructive attacks by geopolitical adversaries have clearly been reported on private and public sector targets in the US, Iran, South Korea, North Korea, Israel, Saudi Arabia and elsewhere. While Snowden exposed the extent of cyber espionage by the US, no one doubts that other nations prowl cyberspace to a similar or greater extent.

The technical distinction of these national cyber agencies is that they developed the means to target specific data assets or systems around the world, and to work their way through complex networks, over months or years, to achieve their missions. Only a state could commit the necessary combination of resources for such a targeted attack: the technical talent to create zero-day exploits and stealthy implants; labs that duplicate the target environment (e.g. the Siemens centrifuges of a nuclear enrichment facility); the field agents to conduct on-site ops (e.g. monitoring wireless communications, finding USB ports, or gaining employment); and years of patience. As a result of these investments in “military grade” cyber attacks, the best of these teams can boast a mission success rate close to 100%.

But cyber weapons are even harder to contain than conventional ones. Cyberwar victories have inspired terrorists, hacktivists and criminals to follow suit, recruiting cyber veterans and investing in the military grade approach. (Plus, some nations have started targeting companies directly.) No longer content to publish malware and wait for whatever data pop up, criminals now identify the crown jewels of businesses and target them with what we call Advanced Persistent Threats (APTs). You want credit cards? Get 56 million of them from Home Depot. You want to compromise people with the most sensitive secrets? Go to straight to the FBI’s archive of security clearances. You want the design of a new aircraft? Get it from Boeing. You need data for committing online bank theft? Get it for 76 million households at JP Morgan Chase.

That’s why cyberspace exploded in 2014.

This is Not the Common Cold

But why are the crown jewels so exposed? Haven’t these companies all spent millions of dollars every year on firewalls, anti-virus software, and other security products? Don’t their IT departments have security engineers and analysts to detect and deflect these attacks?

The problem is that up until this year, corporate networks were instrumented to defend against generic malware attacks that cause minimal damage to each victim. Generic malware might redirect your search page, crash your hard drive, or install a bot to send spam or mine bitcoin. It’s not looking for your crown jewels because it doesn’t know who you are. It may worm its way to neighboring machines, but only in a singular, rudimentary way that jumps at most one or two hops. It’s automated and scalable – stealing pennies from all instead of fortunes from a few. If it compromises a few machines here and there, no big deal.

But with Advanced Persistent Threats, a human hacker directs the activity, carefully spreading the implant, so even the first point of infection can lead to devastation. These attacks are more like Ebola than the common cold, so what we today call state-of-the-art security is only slightly more effective than taking Airborne (and that’s a low bar). As long as corporate networks are porous to any infection at all, hackers can launch stealth campaigns jumping from host to host as they map the network, steal passwords, spread their agents, and exfiltrate data. Doubling down on malware filters will help, but it can never be 100% effective. All it takes is one zero-day exploit, or a single imprudent click on a malicious email, tweet or search result, for the campaign to begin. Or the attacker can simply buy a point of entry from the multitudes of hackers who already have bots running on the Internet.

Too Big Data

The dependence on malware filters is only half the problem. Ask any Chief Information Officer about his or her security infrastructure and you will hear all about the Secure Operation Center in which analysts pour over alerts and log files  (maybe even 24/7) identifying anomalies that may indicate security incidents. These analysts are tasked with investigating the incidents and rooting out any unauthorized activity inside the network. So even if someone can trespass the network, analysts will stop them. And indeed, thousands of security products today participate in the ecosystem by finding anomalies and generating alerts for the Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) system. Every week a new startup pops up, touting an innovative way to plow through log files, network stats, and other Big Data to identify anomalies.

But sometimes anomalies are just anomalies, and that’s why a human analyst has to investigate each alert before taking any pre-emptive action, such as locking a user out of the network or re-imaging a host. And with so many products producing so many anomalies, they are overwhelmed with too much data. They typically see a thousand incidents every day, with enough time to investigate twenty. (You can try to find more qualified analysts but only with diminishing returns, as each one sees less of the overall picture.)

That’s why, for example, when a FireEye system at Target spotted the malware used to exfiltrate 40 million credit cards, it generated an alert for the Secure Operations Center in Minneapolis, and nothing happened. Similarly, a forensic review at Neiman Marcus revealed more than 60 days of uninvestigated alerts that pointed to exfiltrating malware. SONY knew they were under attack for two years leading up to their catastrophic breach, and still they couldn’t find the needles in the haystack.

And yet, the drumbeat marches on, as security vendors old and new continue to tout their abilities to find anomalies.  They pile more and more alerts into the SIEM, guaranteeing that most will drop on the floor. No wonder APTs are so successful.

A Three Step Program

"Know Thy Self, Know Thy Enemy" - Sun Tzu, The Art of War

We need to adapt to this new reality, and the cyber security industry needs to enable it. Simply put, businesses need to focus their time and capital on stopping the most devastating attacks.

The first step here is to figure out what those attacks look like. What are your crown jewels? What are the worst case scenarios? Do you have patient data, credit cards, stealth fighter designs, a billion dollars in the bank, damning emails, or a critical server that, if crippled by a Distributed Denial of Service attack, would cause your customers to instantly drop you? As you prioritize the threats, identify your adversaries. Is it a foreign competitor, Anonymous, disgruntled employees, or North Korea? Every business is different, and each has a different boogeyman. The good news is that even though most CEO’s have never thought about it, this first step is easy and nearly free. (Cyber experts like Good Harbor or the BVP-funded K2 Intelligence can facilitate the process.)

Second, businesses need real-time threat intelligence that relate to their unique threatscapes. Almost every security technology depends upon a Black List that identifies malicious IP addresses, device fingerprints, host names, domains, executables or email addresses, but naturally they come with generic, one-size-fits-all data. Dozens of startups now sell specialized threat intel, such as BVP-funded Internet Identity, which allows clusters of similar companies to pool their cyber intelligence, or BVP-funded iSight Partners, whose global field force of over 100 analysts track and profile cyber adversaries and how to spot them in your network. What better way for your analysts to investigate the most important incidents, than to prioritize the ones associated with your most formidable adversaries?

"This is a global problem. We don't have a malware problem. We have an adversary problem. There are people being paid to try to get inside our systems 24/7"         
- Tony Cole, FireEye VP on CNN

And finally, security analysts need fewer alerts, not more. Instead of finding more anomalies, startups would better spend their time finding ways to eliminate alerts that don’t matter, and highlighting the ones that do. They would provide the analysts with better tools for connecting the alerts into incidents and campaigns, tapping into the skills of experienced “military grade” hackers to profile the attack patterns.


The challenge of securing data today is obviously complex, with many other pressing opportunities for improvement such as cloud security, mobile security, application security and encryption. But as cyberwar spreads to the commercial Internet, re-orienting enterprise security to focus on Advanced Persistent Threats should be the single most important initiative for businesses and vendors alike. Of course, inertia is powerful, and it may take boards of directors, CISOs, product managers, entrepreneurs, and venture capitalists another tumultuous year in cyberspace to get the message.

          NSN: The Recovery Looks Real        
Some good news for its Finnish parent – Nokia Siemens Networks is on a margin roll
          Why Is NSN Only Worth $4.4B?        
According to the value of Nokia's takeover deal, Nokia Siemens Networks is worth less than $5B
          Is NSN Ready to Be Sold?        
Speculation suggests Siemens has been touting its telecom systems joint venture Nokia Siemens Networks to private equity firms
          Siemens, AES Form Energy Storage Joint Venture Fluence        

Siemens and AES Corp. today said they will form a new global energy storage company under the name Fluence. The companies said they will combine the AES Advancion and Siemens Siestorage energy storage platforms with expanded services.


          Automation Workshop on Siemens S7 1200 - Prolific Systems And Technologies Pvt. Ltd. , Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al Khaimah, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Al Kuwait, Salalah, Manama, Mumbai         
Course Content
  • Overview of the TIA Portal: SIMATIC STEP 7 Basic and WinCC Basic
  • Overview of the Simatic S7-1200
  • STEP7 Basic programming environment
  • Hardware configuration
  • Variables
  • Basic principles of programming
  • Binary operations
  • Data Blocks
  • Organizational blocks
  • Connection to the level of visualization
  • Hardware and software commissioning of the SIMATIC S7-1200 with the TIA Portal
  • Saving and documentation of the implemented program changes
  • Fault-finding



          Workshop on Siemens PCS7 DCS - Prolific Systems And Technologies Pvt. Ltd. , Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al Khaimah, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Al Kuwait, Salalah, Manama, Mumbai         
Course Outline

Day 1
1. System Overview
  • What Is Process Control?
  • Seamless Integration
  • Integrated Process Control
  • Configuring with Function Block
  • Top-Down Design Methodology
2. Configuration Overview
  • PCS Hardware
  • Solution Principle (AS)
  • Project Environment
  • Our Plant (Factory 2)

Day 2
4. System Configuration
  • System Configuration for PCS 7
  • Configurable Components
  • Using HW Configuration for the AS
  • Concept/Symbolic Channel Names)
  • Compiling and Downloading
  • Setting the PG/PC Interface
  • Downloading in STOP Mode
  • Configuring the PC Station
    • Overview)
  • Calling Up NetPro
  • Cross-Project View
  • S7 Connections
Day 3
5. CFC
  • Organization Blocks
  • CFC Basics & Insert BlocK
  • Compiling and Downloading
  • Debugging a Program
  • Block Diagram of a Valve Control
  • Block Diagram of a Motor Control
  • MOTOR Block
  • CTRL_PID (with LINK)
  • Driver Concept (from V5)
  • Message Configuration
Day 4
6. SFC
  • Sequence Structures
  • Action and Transition
  • Open SFC (in Test Mode)
  • SFC Operating Mode Logic
  • Run Behavior of an SFC
  • External View of SFC
7.  Operator Control and Monitoring
  • System Configurations
  • WinCC Multi-Station Systems
  • Monitoring for SIMATIC PCS 7
  • OS systems with multiple servers
  • Central Engineering
  • SIMATIC PCS 7 - Operator Station
  • WinCC (PCS 7 - Basic Options)
  • WinCC Explorer: Overview
  • Tag Management
  • Editors & Compile OS
Day 5
8. Multi projects
  • Creating Multiprojects
  • Restoring an individual project
  • Description of task
  • Distributed working
  • Test AS program with SIM
  • Updating the Networks
  • Insert picture in to PH
  • Test OS program with SIM



          Automation workshop Siemens PLC's - Prolific Systems And Technologies Pvt. Ltd. , Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al Khaimah, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Al Kuwait, Salalah, Manama, Mumbai         
Module (01) PLC Fundamentals
  • PLC Fundamentals - (Block diagram of PLC's)
  • Detail information about PLC components
    • Power supply, CPU, I/Os, Communication bus
  • Various ranges available in Siemens S7 200 / 300 /400
  • Types of Inputs & outputs / Source Sink Concepts
  • Wiring of the I/O devices
  • Concept of flags
  • Scan cycle execution
Module (02) Programming / Project Development
  • SIMATIC S7 PLC Functionalities
  • Setting up Siemens PLC hardware
  • Programming software
  • PLC program structure in Siemens
  • The instruction set of STEP 7
  • Parameters, functions and tools
  • CPU configuration, setting parameters and application of several I/O cards using the STEP 7 software
  • Working online / offline
  • Starting S7 400 system
  • Cold, Warm, and Hot Restarts
  • Starting Up a PROFIBUS-DP Subnet
  • Connecting remote I/Os using Profibus communication
  • Addressing Concepts in Siemens PLC’s
  • Detail information about Organizational Blocks, Function Block, Functions, System Function Block, System Function, Data block
  • Creating and Editing PLC programs
  • Introduction to Bit Byte and Word Concept

Module (03) Programming instructions arithmetic and logical
  • Timer Blocks programming
  • Counter Block programming
  • Comment functions
  • Comments in the PLC programs
  • Handling Analog I/Ps
  • Conversion shift and jump instructions
Module (04) Advanced Programmers
  • Analyze /evaluate of status words
  • Jump instructions
  • Accumulator functions
  • Extended mathematical functions
  • Indirect Addressing
  • Complex Data-Types
  • Extended S7 Basic communication
  • PID / Control functions
Module (05) Siemens Networking
  • Industrial Data Networks
  • Industrial Ethernet – General
  • Siemens EtherNet
  • Siemens Profibus
  • Communication via a Multi Point Interface (MPI) & Profibus
Module (06) Troubleshooting and Maintenance procedure
  • Replacing Digital or Analog Modules
  • Replacing CPUs
  • Replacing the Backup Battery
  • Replacing a Power Supply Module
  • Back up and Restoring programs
  • Fault diagnostics and error handling



          Huawei Unveils Tablet Android 3.2 of 7 inches with a nice surprise price level?        
Huawei MediaPad tablette tactile AndroidAnd if the success of Android tablets passing by Chinese companies? Huawei specializes in telecommunications networks and main competitor Ericsson, NSN (Nokia Siemens) and Alcatel-Lucent, has announced at least one tablet Android 3.2 for the third quarter. The Chinese company even hopes to be part of the top five global player in the shelves within three years.

The MediaPad, it is called, has been known for several months but was unveiled today in Singapore. Armed with a 7-inch screen, the tablet will be joined by a declination of 10 inches later. Its full specifications are not available, but we already know this:
  • CPU: Qualcomm Snapdragon 1.2 GHz dual-core
  • Camera: 5 Mbps in the back, to 1.3 Mbps (with autofocus and recording HD)
  • Micro USB port
  • Enter to micro SD card (up to 32 GB)
  • Wi-Fi 802.11n
  • Bluetooth 2.1
  • 3G (HSPA)
  • USIM card slot
  • HDMI Port
  • Micro
  • Battery: Li-Polymer (3.7V) 4100mAh
  • Battery life: more than 6 hours in severe
  • Weight: 390 grams
  • Finesse: 10.5 mm
Android Android 3.2 is actually 3.1 but specifically designed for bars 7 inches.

This product is not the first of its kind for the Chinese. Huawei has in fact sold 200,000 of its S7 (Android 2.x), mainly in Asia. But with new shelves, the company has Asian move up a gear and sell a million tablets. It remains to know its price and its potential availability in Europe.

In addition to the video presentation that you can see above, Huawei Devices has also published some ten days of a funny advertisement for its product. There has to work.

          Long Distance Relationship Statistics May Surprise You        

Long distance relationships are supposed to end. Isn't that what everyone says? They say you'll never make it work. The numbers tell a different story, though.

Today, 7 million couples are in long distance relationships. College, military assignments, and work keep couples apart.

How long do long distance relationships work?
4.5 months is all it takes for a long distance relationship to dissipate. It's not that the couples can't work things out. The majority let themselves worry about cheating. This causes the disaccord between partners.

How do you keep a long distance relationship?
There are 2 distinct rules.

Don't isolate yourself from other social situations. You need a life while your loved one is gone. If you sit and pine for him/her, it will only turn into resentment. This usually results in a break up.

Face any issues when you are face-to-face. Too many couples ignore the issues. They want to enjoy their time together. This only makes problems worse. Get it out in the open when you can. Then you can enjoy your time together.

How long is a long distance relationship?
Most people consider 125 miles or more apart a long distance relationship. Of course, there are differing opinions on this. If you can't see your partner daily or a few times a week, it's long distance.

How many long distance relationships don't make it?
40% of long distance relationships don't make it. Not because of the distance, though. It's because they didn't plan for changes. 70% of the broken-up relationships didn't plan for changes. In fact, the average LDR breaks up after just 4 months. Going from a close relationship to long distance requires quite a bit of work. There's a lot of give and take that not everyone can offer.

What percentage of high school sweethearts last?
Studies show that only 2% of high school sweethearts last.

Those who go away to college rarely make it past Thanksgiving. They call it the Turkey Dump. Thanksgiving is usually the first time high school sweethearts are back together. It's at that point that one party usually breaks off the relationship. Many chalk it up to wanting to "explore the possibilities."

Can you be in love with someone you never met?
It seems ridiculous. How could you love someone whom you've never seen face-to-face? The truth is, it does happen. Relationships often last. Verbal communication takes out the superficial feelings. You don't judge someone on their looks or nitpick their habits. Instead, you fall in love with what's inside.

What is the percentage of failed marriages?
Almost 40% of marriages end up in divorce. Of the 2 million marriages in the U.S., 800,000 fail.

How many relationships do you have in a lifetime?
According to Claire Jarvis, Director of Communications at Siemens, men and women fall in love just twice in their lives. This means just 2 "real" relationships. But most people have a total of 7 or more relationships in their lifetime. These relationships may be more casual than "true love," though.

How long should you date before getting married?
According to Ted Huston, relationship researcher, couples who dated for 25 months stay happily married. Surprisingly, couples dating for only 1½ years stay married for 7 years. Those who dated more than 3 years often divorce right away.

More Surprising Statistics About Long Distance Relationships

  1. Long distance relationships are a part of the college experience.
    It's almost like a rite of passage. Almost 75% of college students claim to have had an LDR at least once during college. Maybe it's a part of growing up? High school sweethearts are the most common long distance couples. Not all start in high school, though.

  2. Even married couples have long distance relationships.
    Almost 3 million American couples live apart from one another. Spouses in the military make up a large portion of the couples. But today, the economy forces more married couples to live separately. Better opportunities away from home keep couples apart.

  3. Long distant relationship couples often have better communication.
    Living apart from a significant other forces deeper communication. You lose that sense of mundaneness when you don't see one another every day. Many consider it the "honeymoon" phase. You just get to live it over and over again.

  4. Your loved one wants to hear the daily "boring" stuff.
    It might seem more important to get melodramatic. You think you must profess your undying love. Dr. Gregory Guldner of the Center for the Study of Long Distance Relationships says don't. Instead, talk about the boring stuff. Talk about what you ate for dinner or your recent issue at work. Loved ones want to hear the daily stuff; it helps them feel connected.

  5. Communication means more than talking.
    Intimacy is complicated in a long distance relationship. Sexting is a necessity, according to Rachel Moheban-Wachtel, a relationship psychotherapist. Sharing fantasies and staying open helps you stay connected.

  6. Texting isn't enough to keep the relationship alive.
    Texting is convenient, but it's not personal. Acronyms and emojis aren't the same as a real conversation. Rachel Moheban-Wachtel suggests making it a habit to have nightly talks. It helps keep the connection alive, something texting can't do for you. Get on the phone or Skype. Connecting verbally can save your relationship.

  7. Worrying about cheating can cause breakups.
    LDR couples aren't at any higher risk of a cheating on a significant other than close couples. However, the worry it can cause can wreak havoc on a relationship. It's all about trust. If you can't trust your loved one, your relationship may be doomed.

  8. Long distance relationships aren't more likely to end during the first 3 months than other relationships.
    A study conducted by Central Michigan University found that LDRs and other relationships were tied; they both had the same statistics within the first 3 months. It's after that honeymoon phase that things start to change.

  9. LDRs often last because of fantasies or idealizations.
    People in an LDR often fantasize about their relationship. They aren't faced with the daily trials and tribulations. They remember their loved one in a somewhat falsely positive manner. They overlook the negatives they would see in person.

  10. Relationship quality isn't based on geography, but on individual personalities.
    A study between close couples and LDRs showed no difference between the relationships themselves. The differences occurred between the individual personalities. Couples in a long distance relationship aren't doomed because of the space between them. Their communication and level of trust dictates their success.

  11. Women aren't as fragile as you think.
    Women are often portrayed as the weaker sex. Research shows that they handle the distance in long distance relationships better than men. They even handle breakups better. Women have an easier time adjusting, which is just a part of their nature. Men often resist change. This makes the physical separation difficult for them.

  12. Many relationships end at the physical reunion.
    You'd think couples would be happy to be back together. The opposite is often true, though. 33% of reunited couples end up breaking it off 3 months after the reunion.

The Takeaway

Falling in love with someone hundreds of miles away isn't hopeless. The statistics speak for themselves. It's about how you handle the relationship that matters. Don't restrict your love interests to your zip code. Broaden your horizons and see who's out there waiting for you.

Long Distance Relationship Statistics May Surprise You appeared first on CreditDonkey

          Identity and Access Management in Service Oriented Architectures        

Identity and access management represent a cross-cutting concern in IT-systems that is en-abling security services such as authentication, SSO, and authorization. This contribution will analyze the applicability of recent technology innovations for service-oriented architectures. An emphasis will be laid on identity federation. Based on this analysis, the presentation will investigate the security architecture of a frame-work for component-based, service-oriented real-time communication services currently be-ing built at Siemens Communications.
          Einfach nur meine Meinung.        
Trump.... Jaja, ich weiß, der nervt. Und nicht nur er, auch die Berichterstattung. Bisschen einseitig, Aber, dafür gibt es ja auch ausländische Zeitungen, welche ohne die rosarote BRD-Brille berichten. Keine Angst, das wird hier keine Verschwörungsarie(r). Obwohl ich irgendwie blond bin und irgendwie auch blaue Augen vorweisen kann, ist mir kaum etwas ferner, als mit Addi aus Braunau zu sympathisieren.

Neuester Tweet vom ebenfalls bloden und blauäugigen Vorfahrens-Deutschen Trump:
Zitat aus seinem Twitter-Account: "We have a MASSIVE trade deficit with Germany, plus they pay FAR LESS than they should on NATO & military. Very bad for U.S. This will change"

OK, ICH bin schon mal nicht bereit, ein weiteres Auto aus US-amerikanischer Produktion zu kaufen. Hatte ich schon, war ein kleines Fiasko. 1991 - Jeep Wrangler 4.0 H.O. Sowas akzeptiert man als junger Mensch, weil man sowas eben günstig geschossen hatte. Komfort hatte ich sowieso nicht erwartet. Auch der Verbrauch war erstaunlich niedrig, trotz Grauguss-Reihensechszylinder. Kraft war auch genug da. Aber die gefressenen Reifen und dass auf der Landstraße regelmäßig das Licht komplett ausfiel und sich erst wieder starten ließ, wenn vorher der Motor abgestellt wurde.... Sicherlich sind die heute auch weiter mit ihren Autos, aber das Erlebte steckt eben drin.

Lustig auch, dass der Herr Trump mal wieder nur polemisiert. BMW als Beispiel produziert in den USA für die Weltmärkte mehr Fahrzeuge, als sie in den USA an dem Mann oder die Frau bekommen. Klar, BMW ist eine deutsche Firma. Aber die Beschäftigten in den USA profitieren recht gut davon. Und BMW ist nur eine deutsche Firma, die auf dem anderen Kontinent Milliarden investiert. Na gut, wenn mir jemand einen Tesla schenken würde, den würde ich nehmen.

Kurz noch zu den NATO-Ausgaben, bzw. den Investitionen in Kriegsmaschinerie. Ich finde es gar nicht mal so schlecht, dass unter Anderem Deutschland weniger für Waffen und Militär ausgibt, als ursprünglich vereinbart. Klar, ein Verstoss gegen einen Vertrag. Aber ein für mich positiver. Wünschenswert wäre für mich, wenn jede Nation in jedem Jahr 10 % weniger in Rüstung investiert. Dafür wird aber wohl die jeweilige Lobby zu groß sein. 

Ein befreundete Bloggerin hat mir heute einmal aus ihrer Sicht geschildert, wie das mit dem Bezahlvorgang an der Kasse so ist. Ich ärgere mich ja immer über maulfaule Menschen. Nicht im Lokal, da wollen wir Franken unsere Ruhe. Wer beim Eintritt grüßt, der ist schon suspekt. Oder kommt gar aus einer Region, in der Karnewal gefeiert wird. Mit an den Tisch setzen, noch dazu ohne vorher zu fragen, das ist bei uns eine Todsünde. NIEMALS setze dich in Franken an einen Tisch dazu. NIEMALS! Aber ein klein wenig Höflichkeit bei den nötigsten Sätzen sollte schon sein. "Wasser!" Kann man so bestellen, muss man eben mit einer entsprechenden Maulfäule des Bedienmenschen rechnen. Danke und Bitte sollten auch bei uns zur Grundausstattung der Kommunikation zwischen zwei Humanoiden Formen dienen. Ebenso sollte es auch selbstverständlich sein, das Geld ordentlich zu übergeben und nicht der Fachkraft Kasse wie ein Almosen hinwerfen. Das sind Menschen, auch diese haben das Recht, wie Zivilisationsteilnehmer behandelt zu werden. Ich wette, die meisten dieser Scheinwerfer haben zuhause Haustiere, die sie liebevoller füttern, nicht einfach die Brocken irgendwo in die Ecke knallen.

Ha, der neue Wagen. Die Frau hat ja den Gleichen, nur eben ein Jahr älter. Waren in Wolfsburg zur Abholung, seitdem bin ich Fan vom Ritz-Carlton. Ich weiß gar nicht, ob ich da noch berichtet habe, ist aber auch egal. Jetzt ist es ja so, dass die Fahrzeuge einen nicht unerheblichen Anteil an elektronischen Helferleins haben. Müdigkeitswarner. Auch so eine Fehlkonstruktion. Ich, hellwach, auf einer limitierten Autobahn, schnurgerade in Richtung Stuttgart. Kleiner Knick in der Baustelle, ich muss mehrmals die Spur korrigieren. Das Auto interpretiert das als Einschlafvorgang. Ich habe keine Ahnung, ob ich im Falle eines Sekundenschlafs auf dieses zarte "Ping" hören würde. Rausgeschmissenes Geld. Wenn, dann soll das Zeug auch seine Arbeit machen. Seine Arbeit macht dagegen der Motor. Hrhrhrhrhrh... Hab´ ich mich bei der Frauenversion unserer Fahrzeuge über die Vorschläge zur Gangwahl im Display geärgert! Natürlich haben Turbomotoren eine gewisse Anfahrschwäche. Ich bin daher Liebhaber großer Saugmotoren. Leider sterben diese aus oder haben bei meiner Lieblingsmarke eine PS-Zahl erreicht, die idiotisch hoch ist. Was will ich mit einem Auto, welches den Sprint 0 - 100 km/h unter fünf Sekunden schafft? Meine Zeit der Ampelrennen ist vorbei. Naja, fast... Das hat jetzt hier aber niemand gelesen, verstanden? Zurück zum Motor. Die Ausgabe in meinem Stadtwagen zieht deutlich besser, braucht weniger Sprit und ist dank der Tieferlegung (jaja, auch in meinem Alter...) und sportlicheren Dämpferabstimmung wie ein Gokart. Die Herren Ingenieure haben da ganze Arbeit gemacht, sich hervorragend mit den Programmierern abgesprochen. Vielleicht sollte ich doch einmal auf ein Update für den "Altwagen" nachfragen. Bis auf ein paar Ausstattungsdetails sind die ja identisch. Na, schau mer mal.

Deutschland, das Land der Kopfmenschen. War mal. Beispiel? Siemens Atomtechnik. Die Deutschen waren hier mal führend, haben diese -sichere- Technologie in alle Welt verkauft. Siemens hatte nicht nur entwickelt und gebaut, auch erneuert und geforscht, wo nötig. Im Zuge der Energiewende (ich sag´ da mal jetzt nix dazu...) wurden unsere relativ sicheren Reaktoren abgeschaltet, werden abgebaut. Storm bekommen wir in Spitzenzeiten also aus Reaktoren mit zweifelhafter Technik und von veraltetem Equipment. Dafür haben wir hier in unserer ehemal schönen fränkischen Region immer mehr dieser Luftquirls. Dass im Norden diese Masten umstritten sind, Untersuchungen laufen, Menschen aufgrund von Studien scharenweise die Landstriche verlassen, interessiert hier niemanden.

Worauf ich eigentlich hinaus will: Kommentare. Jeder Mensch hat ein Recht auf eine eigene Meinung. Ich kann die mir anhören oder lesen, wir können auch gerne diskutieren, oft liege ich auch falsch. Man lernt ja dazu, indem man andere Sichtweisen anschaut und für sich das Gute herausnimmt. Das geht aber nur, wenn man auch versteht, was das Gegenüber von einem will. Da wird mit fürchterlich entstellten Worten umsich geworfen, die Sätze ergeben keinen Sinn und haben keine Endung, weil Satzzeichen entweder im Rudel oder gar nicht verwendet werden. Gelegentlich muss ich an Satire denken. Klicke - bei Facebook - auf eine Timeline und werde enttäuscht von der derzeitigen Menschheit. Eine Meinung haben ist gut, aber wenn schon die Mimik bei der Aussage fehlt, dann bitte doch mit real existierenden Worten. Alda...

          Comment on Unleash the power of your Siemens Speedstream 6520 by John        
To better manage (discipline) my children's internet access, I have introduced User Profiles and access time controls on my Siemens Speedstream 6520. It limits their access to a single time range, my preference would include a max accumulated throughout a day. There are 5 members of the family, plus other connected devices that will also require configuration to enable their seamless connection. I'm having problems setting up User Profiles; (1) part way thru setting up my 6th user the process hung, now I can't complete the setup nor delete it to start again. (2) now I have 6 User Profiles, the ADD NEW USER icon has disappeared ? If I delete a User Profile, the remaining 5 are displayed and the ADD NEW USER icon returns in the window. My questions are: (A) is there a max of 6 USER PROFILES ? (B) how do I delete this incomplete 6th User Profile ? (C) is there someway I can support device access without requiring a User Profile ? Thanks..
          Eni joins Siemens Subsea Power Grid JIP        
Eni Norge, a Norwegian subsidiary of the Italian oil giant Eni, has joined the Siemens Subsea Power Grid joint industry program (JIP). Siemens said on Monday that its subsea department was developing a complete subsea power network with a group of partners, led by Chevron and including Statoil, Exxon, and Petrobras. According to Siemens, the JIP […]
          ÎŸ Νεοναζισμός της Γερμανίας        

Η αμετανόητη Γερμανία βάζει και πάλι την Ευρώπη σε κίνδυνο.
Κάποτε ήταν η Πολωνία και η Ουγγαρία, ενώ σήμερα είναι η Ελλάδα και η Ιρλανδία τα πρώτα θύματα της νέας γερμανικής επίθεσης.
Δεκάδες εκατομμύρια νεόφτωχων τα θύματά της.
Στο ίδιο έργο θεατές. Και πάλι μετά από μισό περίπου αιώνα βλέπουμε τη Γερμανία στον γνωστό της ρόλο. Στον ρόλο του "αξιολογητή" των λαών και των ανθρώπων. Στον ρόλο που της επιτρέπει να σηκώνει το "χέρι" και να δείχνει με το "δάκτυλο" τους "ανώτερους" και τους "κατώτερους". Στον ρόλο του "άξιου", ο οποίος διεκδικεί την "κηδεμονία" των "ανάξιων". Απλά άλλαξε λίγο η φρασεολογία, αλλά όχι το "ρεπερτόριο". Σήμερα δεν υπάρχουν οι ανώτεροι "Άρειοι", που "δικαιούνται" να κυβερνήσουν τον κόσμο. Σήμερα υπάρχουν οι ανώτεροι "νοικοκυραίοι", οι οποίοι "δικαιούνται" να εισπράξουν τα "χρωστούμενα" από τους κατώτερους "τεμπέληδες".
Από εκεί και πέρα "δικαιωματικά" και πάλι θα κυβερνήσουν τον κόσμο σαν ιδιοκτήτες του …Νόμιμοι ιδιοκτήτες …Απόλυτα νόμιμοι, εφόσον με "καθαρές" συνθήκες και σαν ασυναγώνιστοι κέρδισαν αυτό, το οποίο ήθελαν και όλοι οι υπόλοιποι. Όλοι "ήθελαν" να κατακτήσουν τον κόσμο, αλλά αυτοί το κατάφεραν. Τι "φταίνε" οι "καλοί" και "ηθικοί" Γερμανοί, που το κατάφεραν; "Τίμιο" αγώνα έκαναν και "νίκησαν". Τώρα "δικαίως" δείχνουν με το "δάκτυλο" τους "νικημένους".
Τώρα "δικαίως" ο Σόιμπλε αμφισβητεί τα κυριαρχικά δικαιώματα των "κατώτερων". Τώρα "δικαίως" όλοι αυτοί οι "κατώτεροι" θα πρέπει να στερηθούν τη συμμετοχή τους και βέβαια την ψήφο τους στα κοινοτικά όργανα. Τώρα "δικαίως" οι Γερμανοί εξαπολύουν συλλογικούς χαρακτηρισμούς με την απαίτηση μάλιστα —όταν το κάνουν— να μην χαρακτηρίσουμε τους ίδιους και πάλι ως ρατσιστές. Δεν είναι αυτοί ρατσιστές …οι άλλοι είναι "μαύροι". Την "αλήθεια" λένε οι "εκλεκτοί" Τεύτονες.
"Τεμπέληδες" είναι οι Έλληνες. "Άχρηστοι" είναι οι Ιρλανδοί. "Απατεώνες" είναι οι Πορτογάλοι. Απόδειξη για όλα αυτά είναι τα "χρέη" τους και η αδυναμία τους ν' ανταγωνιστούν τους "ανώτερους" και βέβαια "τίμιους". Αντικειμενικές "αποδείξεις" για αντικειμενικούς "χαρακτηρισμούς". Το ένα κράτος μετά το άλλο μπαίνει στο "σφαγείο" της Νέας Τάξης. Η Μέρκελ "δείχνει" τους υποψηφίους και οι "αγορές" τούς "σφάζουν" έναν-έναν με τη σειρά. Μιλάμε για τραγικά πράγματα. Οι λαοί της Ευρώπης βλέπουν τον έναν μετά τον άλλο να μπαίνει στο σφαγείο και δείχνουν "υπνωτισμένοι" και αδύναμοι ν' αντιδράσουν στα νέα μαζικά εγκλήματα.
Στο σημείο αυτό αποκαλύπτεται και η τραγικότητα της κατάστασης. Οι λαοί όχι απλά δεν δείχνουν να έχουν τη δυνατότητα και βέβαια την "ευφυΐα" ν' αντιληφθούν τι μεθοδεύεται εις βάρος τους πριν εκδηλωθεί αυτή η απειλή, αλλά αδυνατούν να την αντιληφθούν ακόμα και μετά την εκδήλωσή της. Η άλλοτε πονηρή και έξυπνη Ευρώπη "βλέπει" τον θάνατό της να εκτυλίσσεται μπροστά στα μάτια της και δεν έχει αντιδράσει μέχρι τώρα. Δείχνει αδύναμη ν' αντιδράσει. Επαναλαμβάνεται με τον ίδιο απόλυτο τρόπο η ίδια εγκληματική μεθοδολογία και ούτε καν αυτή η επανάληψη την "διδάσκει". Ελλάδα και Ιρλανδία έπεσαν "θύματα" της ίδιας εγκληματικής μεθόδευσης και κανένας δεν αντέδρασε.
Όμως, έστω και καθυστερημένα βλέπουμε να υπάρχει μια κάποια "αντίδραση". Επιτέλους κάτι άρχισε να "κινείται" στην Ευρώπη …Στην υπνωτισμένη Ευρώπη …Στη "χαπακωμένη" Ευρώπη, η οποία δέχθηκε μια επίθεση, την οποία θεωρητικά είχε την εμπειρία να την αποφύγει. Την επίθεση της Γερμανίας. Την νέα επίθεση της ίδιας Γερμανίας, που την αιματοκύλισε δύο φορές μέσα στον προηγούμενο αιώνα. Τώρα, στην "αυγή" του νέου αιώνα της νέας χιλιετίας, οι ίδιοι άνθρωποι έρχονται να επαναλάβουν τους εαυτούς τους, αλλάζοντας την τακτική τους.
Ελπίδα, ότι πλέον θα "ξυπνήσει" η Ευρώπη, μας δίνει η υπουργός των οικονομικών της Ισπανίας. Η υπουργός ενός κράτους, το οποίο είναι θέμα χρόνου ν' "ακολουθήσει" τα προηγούμενα θύματα στην ίδια ακριβώς πρακτική. Η Σαλγάδο, η οποία ήταν η πρώτη υπουργός οικονομικών που συνέδεσε απευθείας τις κερδοσκοπικές επιθέσεις των "αγορών" με τις πολιτικές της Αγγέλας Μέρκελ. Έστω και χωρίς να αναφέρεται απευθείας στη Γερμανία και τη χαφιέ που την κυβερνά, τη "φωτογράφισε" με αρκετή ακρίβεια.
Σιγά-σιγά θ' αρχίσουν κι άλλοι να καταλαβαίνουν ότι όλα αυτά που συμβαίνουν δεν είναι τυχαία. Δεν είναι τυχαίο, που, κάθε φορά που εκδηλώνεται επίθεση των δήθεν "αγορών" σε κάποιο από τα ευρωπαϊκά κράτη, υπάρχει "συμμετοχή" της Γερμανίας με κάποιο δήθεν "λάθος" πολιτικού χειρισμού. Ένα "λάθος" όμως, το οποίο "μαζεύεται", αφού πρώτα την έχουν "πατήσει" ολόκληροι λαοί και έχουν επωφεληθεί οι "αγορές" από αυτό. Αυτό ακριβώς "ψιθύρισε" με τον τρόπο της η Σαλγάδο. Σιγά-σιγά όμως αυτοί οι "ψίθυροι" θα γίνουν "κραυγές".
Ο νεοναζισμός της Γερμανίας έχει αρχίσει να "καταπίνει" κράτη της Ευρώπης και όλοι θα πρέπει ν' αντιδράσουν. Για να καταλάβει κάποιος πώς λειτουργεί αυτός ο επιθετικός σχεδιασμός, θα πρέπει να γνωρίζει μερικά βασικά πράγματα περί της λειτουργίας του ιμπεριαλισμού. Περίπλοκα πράγματα, τα οποία όμως γίνονται εύκολα αντιληπτά, αν εξηγηθούν μέσα από απλά παραδείγματα. Ας φανταστεί κάποιος μια παρέα νοικοκυραίων, οι οποίοι μέσα στα πλαίσια της φιλίας και της αλληλεγγύης λειτουργούν με έναν περίπου ίδιο τρόπο. Νοικοκυραίοι με μεγάλες οικογένειες, τεράστιες περιουσίες, πολλών ειδών επιχειρήσεις και πολύ προσωπική εργασία. Νοικοκυραίοι, οι οποίοι γνωρίζουν ότι αποτελούν "λαβράκια" για τους πονηρούς τραπεζίτες και ως εκ τούτου τους αποφεύγουν.
Αυτό ακριβώς μας ενδιαφέρει να καταλάβουμε. Πώς μια τέτοια κλειστή "παρέα", η οποία αντιπαθεί τους επικίνδυνους τραπεζίτες, ανοίγει τις "πόρτες" της σ' αυτούς και άρα θέτει τον εαυτό της σε κίνδυνο. Πώς μπορεί να γίνει αυτό; Τι γίνεται, για παράδειγμα, αν ανάμεσα στους νοικοκυραίους αυτούς τρυπώσει ένας χαφιές των τραπεζών; Αυτός ο χαφιές αρχίζει και μεθοδεύει τα πράγματα με τον τρόπο που ευνοεί τους τραπεζίτες. Αυτός ο χαφιές παρασέρνει τους πάντες στα δίχτυα των τραπεζιτών. Με ποιο κέρδος; Με το κέρδος του μεγάλου μεριδίου από μεγάλες λείες. Λείες, οι οποίες στην προκειμένη περίπτωση είναι οι ίδιες οι περιουσίες των δήθεν φίλων του. Αν καταλάβει ο αναγνώστης το παράδειγμα για το πώς ένας χαφιές των τραπεζών μπορεί να καταστρέψει μια ολόκληρη "παρέα" φίλων, τότε θα καταλάβει και τον ρόλο της Γερμανίας στην "παρέα" της Ευρώπης.
Τι κάνει ο χαφιές των τραπεζών; Κάνει αυτό, το οποίο κάνουν συνήθως τα παπαγαλάκια τους. Παίρνει ένα δάνειο και "διαλαλεί" σε όλη την παρέα τη "γενναιοδωρία" των τραπεζιτών. Προπαγανδίζει για το πόσο καλά και εύκολα λύνονται τα προβλήματα με ένα δάνειο. Όμως, για να το κάνει αυτό και να είναι πειστικός, θα πρέπει να το ξεκινήσει ο ίδιος. Για να σε βάλει στην περιπέτεια του δανείου, θα πρέπει να πάρει πρώτα ο ίδιος δάνειο. Ένα "σωτήριο" δάνειο, το οποίο θα "δικαιολογεί" την προπαγάνδα του. Ένα δάνειο, το οποίο θα ευνοεί την επιχειρηματολογία του και όχι το αντίθετο. Άρα θα πρέπει να έχει έναν σοβαρό λόγο, που να δικαιολογεί το δάνειο. Γιατί είναι αυτό απαραίτητο; Γιατί είναι γνωστοί οι κίνδυνοι των δανείων και γι' αυτό τα φοβούνται οι νοικοκυραίοι. Χαφιές δηλαδή και τράπεζες θα πρέπει να βρουν έναν "λογικό" λόγο, για να δικαιολογήσουν την απότομη έναρξη της έντονης δανειοληπτικής δραστηριότητας και να την "παρουσιάζουν" σαν καλή λύση για την αντιμετώπιση των προβλημάτων.
Εν ονόματι λοιπόν μιας επείγουσας οικογενειακής κατάστασης, ο χαφιές δανείζεται ένα μεγάλο ποσό από τους τραπεζίτες και το αντιμετωπίζει με την παραγωγική λογική του νοικοκύρη. Στο όνομα μιας εμφανώς "υψίστης" οικογενειακής "ανάγκης" παίρνει την απόφαση να πάει στην τράπεζα για δάνειο. Λαμβάνει αυτό το δάνειο, το επενδύει στη δουλειά του και λύνει άμεσα και πολύ εύκολα το "υψίστης" σημασίας οικογενειακό του πρόβλημα. Όμως, εξαιτίας αυτού του δανείου, είναι υποχρεωμένος να ζητήσει από τα μέλη της οικογένειάς του να κάνουν οικονομία και να στερηθούν ό,τι μπορούν μέχρι την αποπληρωμή του …Νοικοκύρης είναι και σκέφτεται νοικοκυρεμένα.
Οι δυσκολίες του είναι μεγάλες και αναγκάζεται να ζήσει οριακά φτωχά. Παντού κάνει περικοπές. Παντού κάνει οικονομία. Επειδή όμως αυτό δεν φτάνει, ζητάει και την αλληλεγγύη της παρέας του, για να τον βοηθήσουν. Από εδώ αρχίζει η "μεθόδευση" του χαφιέ και των τραπεζιτών. Η λογική του δανεισμού μπαίνει στην "παρέα", αλλά τα προβλήματα των μελών αυτής της "παρέας" δεν είναι κοινά. Δανείστηκε ο πονηρός χαφιές τεράστια ποσά γιατί τα είχε ανάγκη, αλλά οι υπόλοιποι για ποιον λόγο θα έπρεπε να δανειστούν; Θα δανειστούν μόνο και μόνο επειδή είναι φτηνά τα δάνεια; Θα δανειστούν μόνο και μόνο για να βοηθήσουν τον φίλο τους; Θα δανειστούν μόνο και μόνο για να τεμπελιάζουν;
Ο ένας δανείστηκε για να "χτίσει" εργοστάσιο και ο άλλος για να πάει διακοπές ή να πάρει αυτοκίνητο; Τι γίνεÏ
          Opinion: How Fuel Marketers Can Participate in the EV Revolution        
Tesla Model 3
Article Summary: 

4 reasons traditional retailers are well-positioned to join in the 'creative destruction'


Enhanced Slideshow: 
Tesla Model 3

FRAMINGHAM, Mass. -- Famed economist Joseph Schumpeter coined the term “creative destruction” to describe the process where capitalism through technology and consumer needs destroys some businesses but in the process, gives birth to new industries and companies to fulfill those needs and take advantage of the new technologies.

This process is going on in the motor-fuels industry. The concern over hydrocarbon emissions has created an attraction of some people to electric vehicles (EVs). That, in turn, creates the need for an electric-charging infrastructure apart from traditional fueling sites.

Here are four ways this development presents an opportunity for fuel marketers ...

1. The numbers

Chevy Bolt

Currently, there are only 150,000 battery EVs (BEVs) in the United States among 30 million vehicles. EVs made up more than 10,000 of the 1.5 million in new-vehicle sales for June. Not surprisingly, California leads the nation with 2% of the EV stock, while the Northeast, including New York, New Jersey and New England, are less than 1%. The rest of the nation hovers under one-half of 1%.

But as subsidies increase and technology and insurance issues are resolved, we could see the numbers accelerate, especially as EVs become second family vehicles.

2. The transaction

Nissan Leaf EV charging

A typical charging station costs $3,000, which includes installation and the ground lease.

There are opportunities for marketers to brand locations at universities, public arenas, sit-down restaurants, movie theaters and shopping malls. Payment would be through prepaid cards (no transaction fees) and a one-time subscription charge. A typical card would be loaded with 200 kilowatt-hours (kWh) and cost $20 (10 cents per kWh), which would provide 500 miles of travel.

3. The payback


With an annual subscription charge of $200 and a variable $5 charge per reload, a marketer should sell 1,000 cards per year, with 25 reloads per year for $325,000 in gross margin per year. This is enough to finance 100 locations with a one-year payback.

There are also cross-branding and loyalty revenue opportunities that can be linked with the prepaid card and charging station. With local, state, federal and utility subsidies, the return on equity (50% leveraged) for invested capital exceeds 45%.

4. The partners

Siemens EV

Siemens, AeroVironment, Leviton, Schneider and GE make exceptional fast chargers priced under $1,000. Net Spend, Green Dot and Blue Pay and some utilities are among the providers of card payment systems.

There are no firms better positioned than fuel marketers to lean on their brand and credibility in capturing this opportunity.

          Iran's First Nuke Power Plant Connected To Grid        
Tehran: Iran's first nuclear power plant has started adding electricity to the national grid, media reported on Sunday, coming on stream on Saturday night after years of delays.
"The Bushehr nuclear power plant joined the national grid on Saturday at 23:29 with the power of around 60 megawatts," the ISNA news agency reported.
Hamid-Khadem Qaemi, spokesman for the Atomic Energy Organisation, told Iran's Arabic language TV station al-Alam the plant would be officially inaugurated by September 12, by which time it would be operating at 40 per cent capacity.

The agency was not immediately available to comment.
The $ 1-billion, 1,000-megawatt plant on the Gulf coast is the first of what Iran hopes will become a network of nuclear facilities that will reduce its reliance on its abundant fossil fuels.
Started by Germany's Siemens in the 1970s before Iran's Islamic revolution, the project was later taken over by Russian engineers and has since suffered a series of delays.
The West fears Iran's nuclear program is aimed at making atomic weapons, which Tehran denies.
Experts say firing up the Bushehr plant will not bring Iran any closer to building a nuclear bomb because Russia will supply the enriched uranium for the reactor and take away spent fuel that could be used to make weapons-grade plutonium.
          The Other Side of Innovation        
The proverbial “billion dollar company” seems out of reach for many Israeli start-ups, but may just require a different way of thinking about innovation and scaling. I learn a lot of Israeli start-ups and venture investing by observing my American colleagues and of course by studying successful American start-ups, whether or not they are in the BVP portfolio. While many American start-up ideas, particularly in the SaaS and Internet domains, could never have been started and properly executed from Israel, occasionally I come across a company that should have been founded in Israel.
One such example is Ubiquiti Networks (UBNT), founded in 2005 in the apartment of a 26 year-old wireless engineer from Apple, Robert Pera. Ubiquiti has no Israeli connection, but it offers some fantastic lessons for the Israeli entrepreneurial community because of their domain and go-to-market strategy. Ubiquiti operates in fixed wireless broadband, arguably one of least sexy market segments today due to cut throat competition and struggling customers (but one familiar to many Israelis).
To start off, Ubiquiti didn’t aim to provide the best wireless product, but to create a wireless product that would allow wireless ISPs (WISPs) to better compete with wirelinecompetitors. Ubiquiti realized that its customers’ businesses were failing precisely because existing wireless gear and was too expensive (product cost including costs of service, customization, support, etc.). And so Ubiquiti set out to take over a billion-dollar market by solving this key issue of cost essentially throwing a lifeline to the vanishing WISP.
Ubiquiti’s disruption to the market came from the fact that it was to sell its wireless ‘kit’ for less than 1/10th the competition without a significant tradeoff in quality and performance. They were able to do this with a unique development and business development model that lowered their own cost structure, which they then passed on to the customer. This not only includes the cost of goods sold, but cost of manufacturing, marketing, selling and supporting that product.
Ubiquiti didn’t hire any salespeople and directed everyone to their website and where they could easily find local distributors around the globe. Ubiquiti didn’t have a support organization, and instead directed all customers to a detailed online forum which now has 334K posts from 142K members! It helps when your customers don’t really compete with one another and will gladly help, advise and recommend products to one other. And because the product was so cheap and the customers themselves installed and maintained it, there was no need to sell or charge for expensive warranties.
Eliminating most SG&A costs from their model was a radical approach for a telecom equipment company like Ubiquiti, but one that fit very well with their WISP customer base, where the cost of base station and CPE equipment determined whether they had a viable business model or not. The resulting hyper efficient sales model is far more innovative and sustainable than the typical technology advantage that a start-up introduces to the world. That’s not to say there is little technology in their products, because there is. They relied on software to innovate, preferring to ride the downward cost curve of hardware commoditization. Even Chinese vendors have a hard time innovating price reduction like this and several companies had to resort to theft to compete.
Since it’s founding, Ubiquiti has generated over $100M in profits and will soon pass $100M in quarterly revenues. For a communications equipment company to grow this quickly, while maintaining operating margins of 35% is remarkable. 
Moreover, Ubiquiti never raised external money until it raised a $100M private round in 2010. Ubiquiti has since moved into adjacent markets, like enterprise WLAN, surveillance camera, microwave and routers with a similar approach of bargain prices and customer self reliance. So expect more disruption from these guys, and new competition for several Israeli wireless leaders.
To put this story in some perspective for the Israeli audience, in 2005, Israel-based Alvarion was a market leader in fixed broadband wireless and approached a billion dollar market cap.  A mere seven years later, it is Ubiquiti with the billion dollar market cap; and Alvarion is worth $25M, slightly less than its cash position. As for other wireless equipment players, Nokia Siemens Networks is falling apart, Motorola has been gutted, and you can buy both Proxim and Airspan in a package deal for $1M. 

Ubiquiti proves that fantastic outcomes can emerge from any sector, and that technology is not the only source innovation. Ubiquiti might be a wireless equipment company, but its thoughtful strategy provides lessons for all technology companies:  
1.     There is NO long term advantage in technology innovation that doesn’t result in a superior business model 

2.     Embrace the weakness of your competition, by leveraging hardware commoditization and reducing if not eliminating the need for expensive post-sales operations and support

3.     Listening to your customers is more important than talking to them. Leverage the Internet for marketing, sales, support and customer feedback (product definition).
Although Ubiquiti was not a BVP portfolio company, it represents the kind of innovative, software centric telecom we are fond of. BVP has invested in four telecom companies over the past few years, each one attempting to best its competition with a software technology that supports a superior and more capital efficient business model, including Axis Network Technology (acquired by Ace Technology), Traffix Systems(acquired by F5 Networks), Intucell Systems and Vasona NetworksI look forward to finding and funding the Israeli Ubiquiti in the years to come.

          The App Developer's Children Have No iPads        

Israel is lauded for its impressive high tech achievements, but this is primarily for the development of technology, not its application or deployment. Actually, outside of the defense/security realm, Israel is often a laggard when it comes to the adoption of new technologies(I am excluding the Internet). Instead of the Israeli domestic market serving asa a laboratory for its start-ups and entrepreneurs, it has become a clear hindrance to their success. Nowhere is this situation more poignant than in the telecom and clean tech sectors, where Israeli companies are renowned for their innovation and trailblazing development, but where one must travel thousands of kilometers from Israel to witness their actual application. In fact, I believe there is a widening gap between what pioneering Israeli companies are developing for export today, and the point far in the future when Israel will adopt those home grown technologies.

While it is the role of private corporations and entrepreneurs to adopt and deploy new technologies, I place much of the blame with those government and regulatory bodies tasked with ensuring a competitive and progressive market. It’s not enough to belatedly deregulate and open markets to competition, as Israel has done in telecom. Israel must take the lead and guide its local companies so that they are partners in the development and deployment of technology, and not orphaned to export. This is most critical considering that Israeli technology companies are increasingly competing with companies in Korea, Japan and China, where government support and sponsorship borders on protectionism.

Everyone knows that Orckit sold DSL equipment long before Israeli consumers could enjoy broadband. Or that Israel is the home of the only publicly traded WiMAX company in the world, but has no intention of ever licensing spectrum for WiMAX services. It has been the same situation for Israeli companies pioneering fiber-to-the-home, WiFi, home networking, IPTV, High Definition broadcast(finally!), and mobile TV. And for every successful start-up that overcomes the apathetic or hamstrung local market, there are many more Israeli start-ups that were simply outdone by foreign competitors with inferior products, but who had benefactors in the form of domestic customers. Sweden, Korea, India and China come to mind when I think of countries where domestic start-ups work closely with domestic customers to build the product and start deployment. I am not calling for protectionist policies that favor local companies(although some modest patronage at the early stages wouldn’t hurt), but rather for a local market that can embrace advanced technology early on in tandem with start-ups to ensure that Israel as a country is at the forefront of technology.

I am hopeful that Israel will eventually adopt most of the technology it produces and allow its citizens to enjoys the fruits of its engineering feats, but at the same time I am fearful how foot dragging and bureaucracy can harm our industry. The recent headline about Israeli Ministry of Communications banning iPads is a sign of how myopic and obtuse the government can be. It’s easy to forget that WiFi and Bluetooth were banned outright in Israel until late 2003, despite the fact that Intel Israel was already shipping the Centrino processors or that Israeli start-ups Envara and Butterfly were pioneering these standards three years prior to their legalization.

Clean tech is actually a lot worse, for reasons that have no logical explanation. The country is still wholly dependent upon polluting fossil fuels, all of which are imported. Israel sells solar panel products, and now even solar panel companies, but cannot manage to get around to actually using the technology on a massive scale despite the abundance of sunlight. Despite claims to the contrary, Israel will never be a true clean tech power if it cannot rely on its domestic market for trials and deployment. Better Place may prove the exception, but if they succeed in Israel it will not be solely because of its unique approach or technology, but also because of its political and economic clout.

We often take the strong Israeli high tech sector for granted, but it does not excel in a vacuum. Just like we need a strong education system to produce the next generation of entrepreneurs, we need more competition and more government leadership to make Israel a true laboratory for innovation. In short, I want an Israeli government that is as visionary and ambitious in the usage of technology as the Israeli entrepreneurs that develop it.

           The nitrogen, carbon and greenhouse gas budget of a grazed, cut and fertilised temperate grassland         
Jones, Stephanie K.; Helfter, Carole; Anderson, Margaret; Coyle, Mhairi; Campbell, Claire; Famulari, Daniela; Di Marco, Chiara; van Dijk, Netty; Tang, Y. Sim; Topp, Cairistiona F.E.; Kiese, Ralf ; Kindler, Reimo; Siemens, Jan; Schrumpf, Marion; Kaiser, Klaus; Nemitz, Eiko; Levy, Peter E.; Rees, Robert M. ; Sutton, Mark A.; Skiba, Ute M.. 2017 The nitrogen, carbon and greenhouse gas budget of a grazed, cut and fertilised temperate grassland. Biogeosciences, 14 (8). 2069-2088. 10.5194/bg-14-2069-2017
          Bentley Systems s’engage vers le BIM niveau 3        

Bentley Systems s’engage vers le BIM niveau 3Lors de la conférence annuelle de Bentley Systems, Greg Bentley a accordé un entretien exclusif à L’occasion d’évoquer l’évolution du BIM qui oscillera entre virtuel et réel, et le partenariat avec Siemens dans l’industrie 4.0 (...)

          Former Siemens & GE execs found Securadyne, acquire SecureNet as platform for growth        
Carey Boethel and Ken Francis go into business; financial partner, Pamlico Capital, ready to fund additional acquisitions
Martha Entwistle

DALLAS—Carey Boethel and Ken Francis, two well-known industry veterans, announced this morning that they’ve founded a new systems integration firm called Securadyne Systems, and acquired SecureNet,  a Dallas-based security integrator, as a platform for growth.

With backing from Pamlico Capital, the phase-one strategy for Securadyne is “to build a Southeast regional company over the next two years. Phase two would be to achieve a national footprint,” Francis told Security Systems News.

The duo plan to build a “unique solutions provider that leverages emerging IP and cloud-based technologies.”  Francis said systems integrators who focus on “strong advanced services will change the nature of the relationship between systems integrators and their enterprise customers.”

Securadyne “intends to be on forefront of this change, and the result will be stronger relationships with end users and a more profitable business,” he added.

Securadyne is actively looking for select acquisitions.
Boethel, president and CEO of Securadyne, was most recently head of Siemens’ Security Solutions Business Unit in the United States, and VP and Business Unit Head for Canada. Ken Francis, COO of Securadyne, has worked for ADT, AMAG, and GE Security, where he led the Integrated Systems Product Group.  Most recently, Francis was worldwide VP of Sales & Marketing for UTC’s Security Products Group.
Pamlico Capital is a $2 billion Charlotte, N.C.-based middle-market private equity group. Pamlico was an investor in Sonitrol, but exited when that company was sold to Stanley Works in 2008.

Stuart Christhilf, principal at Pamlico, called Sonitrol a “very successful investment for us.” He said Pamlico had spent the past 12 to 18 months “looking at a host of different companies across the space.” Pamlico does not currently have other security investments, but it is invested in several software, SaaS, hosted and managed services companies. Pamlico’s interest in those capabilities and ongoing interest in the security space “attracted us to the thesis that Carey and Ken have developed,” Christhilf said.

Christhilf characterized Pamlico as a long-term investor interested in helping Securadyne grow over the next several years. “We’re really excited to back Carey and Ken. We think they’re the best team out there to put our money behind in this space. And we think SecureNet is a great platform from which to execute their strategy and to expand from there.”

Brian Bergstrom, CEO of SecureNet, will continue to lead the SecureNet organization, which will retain its brand name. Bergstrom will join the Securadyne management team as GM of the company’s Texas and Oklahoma operations.  

Francis said SecureNet had 2011 revenues of approximately $16 million and has about 79 employees. In addition to headquarters in Dallas, it has Texas branch offices in Austin and Houston and Oklahoma branch offices in Oklahoma City and Tulsa.

Today’s deal is the result of an idea that Francis and Boethel came up with several years ago when the two were both working at Netversant. “We spent a great deal of time talking about this idea,” Francis said. “We had a business plan and we made presentations to bankers.” That was back around 2008, and it turned out the timing was not right, “so we both made career commitments, Carey to Siemens and me to GE Security … then last spring we got together and decided that in 2012 we’d like to do this.”

          Ð•Ð¡ расширил санкции против России из-за поставки турбин Siemens в Крым        

Совет ЕС объявил о введении в отношении России новых персональных санкций, связанных с делом о поставках газовых турбин Siemens на электростанцию в Крыму. Об этом сообщает РБК.

          Navigációs készülék, PDA, zsebszámítógép - Jelenlegi ára: 5 490 Ft        
Kihasználatlanság miatt eladó, egy Fujitsu Siemens Pocket Looks N560-as zsebszámítógép, a képen látható tartozékokkal, IGO navigációs rendszerrel ellátva, Bluetooth képes, hot spoton keresztül internetezni is lehet vele. Nagyon megbízható, jó minőségű eszköz. Pótaksikkal, SD kártyával, dokkolóval, töltővel (angolosítható), pótceruzával, póthátlapokkal, illesztőprogrammal, siemens tokkal, kijelzőn védőfóliával, eredeti dobozában. 95 ezer Ft-ért vettem korábban. Sajnos újratelepítés közben elakadtam vele. Ügyes kezű, szerelők jelentkezését várom, akik látnak benne szakmai kihívást! Keressenek és biztosan megegyezünk. Már csak az akkumlátorokért, töltőért is megéri megvenni!
Mégtöbb információ: http: //www. technet. hu/hir/20060528/fujitsu-siemens_pocket_loox_n560_-_mindent_tudo_utitars/
Rendszeresen járok Budapestre is, egyeztetés szerint ott is átvehető, illetve Balassagyarmat, Pásztó, Salgótarján környéke is megoldható.
Navigációs készülék, PDA, zsebszámítógép
Jelenlegi ára: 5 490 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-08-21 11:52
          Fujitsu Siemens Pocket loox PDA - 0650 - Jelenlegi ára: 1 990 Ft        
Eladó a képeken látható PDA, nagyon szép, karcmentes állapotban.
PDA, bőr tok, akku és ceruza.
Töltő hiányában teszteletlen.
Amennyiben licitálsz, elfogadod az alábbi feltételeket.
A telefont máshol is hirdetem, próbálom pontosan követni az eseményeket, de inkább kérdezz rá.
Az aukcióra bocsájtott telefonjaimat minden esetben tesztnek vetem alá.
A teszt a töltés igen-nem, kártyafüggőség, nyelv, hívás indítás-fogadás, mikrofon-hangszóró működés, hangokra, külalak
(adott esetben szétszedés-tisztítás) korlátozódik.  Amennyiben minden ok, a telefont működőképesnek hirdetem. Mindemelett garanciát, visszavásárlást nem áll módomban vállalni egy sokéves telefonra, melynek előélete legtöbb esetben ismeretlen számomra. Kérem ennek tudomásulvételét. (köszönöm)
Az aukció végétől kezdődően 2 napon belül jelentkezz és tudasd, hogy hová és milyen módon szeretnéd megkapni.
A fizetésre 2 nap, ha hétvége belesik 4 nap áll rendelkezésre.
Egyedi esetekben, amennyiben kéred, ettől eltérhetünk.
Az 5 csillagos értékelésem feltétele, hogy az adás-vétel max 7 napon belül lezáruljon.
(Eladóként csak a vevő értékelése után értékelem az adásvételt, ezért megkérlek mihamarabb tedd ezt meg,
engem a Vatera ne zaklasson az elmaradt értékelések miatt. )
Licitörlés az utolsó 48 órában nincs, egyébb esetben mindenkinek 1x. Törlöm a licitedet ha kéred, de aztán tiltólistára teszlek.
Átvehető személyesen Füzesabonyban, vagy MPL csomag.
Köszönöm, hogy megnézted, kérlek vess egy pillantást a többi termékemre is.
Fujitsu Siemens Pocket loox PDA - 0650
Jelenlegi ára: 1 990 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-08-20 19:18
          Î— απάντηση του «Ρουβίκωνα» για τις δράσεις σε Βουλή, Siemens και το σπίτι του Μητσοτάκη        
Φουλ επίθεση σε κυβέρνηση και αξιωματική αντιπολίτευση από τα μέλη της αναρχικής ομάδας.
Τις ενέργειες στις οποίες πραγματοποίησαν το τελευταίο διάστημα και που ξεσήκωσαν θύελλα αντιδράσεων σχολιάζουν με κείμενο τους που δημοσιεύθηκε στην ιστοσελίδα, τα μέλη της αναρχικής ομάδας «Ρουβίκωνας».

Στο μακροσκελές κείμενο η ομάδα στρέφεται ενάντια στην αξιωματική αντιπολίτευση και το βάρος που δίνει στις ενέργειές τους, ενώ δεν αφήνει στο απυρόβλητο ούτε την κυβέρνηση την οποία και χαρακτηρίζει «σοσιαλδημοκρατία που ενίοτε κάνει την βρώμικη δουλειά καλύτερα από την δεξιά».

«Συχνά πυκνά αναγκαζόμαστε να απαντούμε σε επιθέσεις που δέχεται η συλλογικότητά μας. Και αν στο παρελθόν είχαμε τοποθετηθεί απέναντι σε συγκεκριμένες κατηγορίες, σήμερα έχουμε να αντιμετωπίσουμε μία καθολική και ενορχηστρωμένη επίθεση λασπολογίας, τα δυσδιάκριτα όρια της οποίας εκτείνονται από τη κίτρινη φυλλάδα του κομιστή έως το χαμαιτυπείο του Αλαφούζου, από τον ανεπάγγελτο wannabe πρωθυπουργό με τη χορηγία της Siemens Μητσοτάκη (ο συγκεκριμένος πολιτικός επιδόθηκε σε ένα δίχως αύριο πόλεμο ανακοινώσεων και δηλώσεων) έως κάθε πολιτικό αστικό ρετάλι που βγήκε από τη ναφθαλίνη σπεύδοντας να επιτεθεί εναντίον του Ρουβίκωνα, από κυβερνητικά παπαγαλάκια έως ναζιστικές φυλλάδες. Όλοι τους, μηδενός εξαιρουμένου, κατέθεσαν τον αποτροπιασμό τους επειδή όπως μας πληροφόρησαν καταλύθηκε η δημοκρατία. Επειδή χτυπήθηκε το «κράτος δικαίου…» (από πότε ένα κράτος υπήρξε στη παγκόσμια ιστορία ποτέ δίκαιο; Ας μας πληροφορήσουν, γιατί εμείς προσωπικά δεν το γνωρίζουμε). Ο λόγος; Μία αιφνιδιαστική επίσκεψή μας στον εξωτερικό χώρο του κοινοβουλίου, μερικά συνθήματα, ένα πανό και κάποιες χιλιάδες φυλλάδια. Το αφήγημα των κατηγόρων μας φέρει ως βασικό πυλώνα το τρίπτυχο: ανοχή, ατιμωρησία και συνεργασία με το κυβερνών κόμμα. Παρότι οι στοχευμένες μας ενέργειες είναι τόσο ξεκάθαρες που ουσιαστικά ίσως δεν χρειάζεται τις περισσότερες φορές να ακολουθήσει καν κείμενο ανάληψης, θα αφιερώσουμε λίγο χρόνο για να καταθέσουμε τα αυτονόητα. Θα ασχοληθούμε αρχικά με την αιτία και κατόπιν θα προσεγγίσουμε την αφορμή.

Η παρέμβασή μας στο προαύλιο της Βουλής ήταν η δεύτερη κατά σειρά και έγινε με κύριο αίτημα τις άδειες των πολιτικών κρατούμενων, σε συνδυασμό με τις άδικες προφυλακίσεις των Ηριάννα και Περικλή. Εμείναμε στο σχέδιό μας να παραμείνουμε στο περιστύλιο παρότι και τις δύο φορές μας δόθηκε η ευκαιρία να εισχωρήσουμε στο εσωτερικό του κοινοβουλίου.

Τα τραγελαφικά γεγονότα που ακολούθησαν αδυνατούμε να τα περιγράψουμε. Με μπροστάρη τον αρχηγό της αξιωματικής αντιπολίτευσης, μάθαμε ότι η αστυνομία μέσω εντολής της κυβέρνησης μας χαρίστηκε και δεν μας μετέφερε στην ΓΑΔΑ. Το συγκεκριμένο ταξίδι το έχουμε κάνει πολλάκις και θα το κάνουμε και στο μέλλον. Δεν μας φοβίζει. Είναι φορές που επιλέγουμε εμείς μέσω κάποιων ενεργειών, ως συνέπεια, να θέσουμε τους εαυτούς μας στα χέρια των διωκτικών αρχών. Είτε στη ΓΑΔΑ, είτε στον τόπο που μας συνέλαβαν, η αστυνομία είχε ένα καθήκον και τον έπραξε: Να καταγράψει τα στοιχεία των μελών μας. Τι αλήθεια επιζητούν όσοι κραυγάζουν για ανοχή; Συλλήψεις για μια ειρηνική παρέμβαση; Μήπως φυλακή μετά το αυτόφωρο; Μήπως κάνα ξερονήσι;

Η αντιπολίτευση είναι εκτός κυβέρνησης αλλά δεν είναι εκτός εξουσίας. Είναι εντός και αποτελεί ζωτικό της μηχανισμό. Η Ελληνική δεξιά, με όλη τη ιστορία που κουβαλάει στην Ελλάδα εκφράζει μέρος της άρχουσας τάξης. Θα ήταν πολύ εύκολο να πούμε ότι η παρανοϊκή αντίδραση της στην παρέμβασή μας στη Βουλή, η ατζέντα νόμος και τάξη και οι αδιάκοπες υποσχέσεις της για χειροπέδες και φυλακές είναι απλά και μόνο προϊόν της πολιτικής της κουλτούρας, των κατασταλτικών ακροδεξιών ηθών. Είναι πολύ περισσότερα. Είναι η μόνη ιστορία που μπορεί να πει, είναι το μόνο σημείο που χτίζει μια υποτιθέμενη διαφορά με τον σύριζα, αφού σε όλα τα άλλα οι πολιτικές τους (οι μνημονιακές πολιτικές και πίσω από αυτές τα σχέδια του κεφαλαίου για την μαζική ταξική μας υποτίμηση), είναι ίδιες. Ετσι λοιπόν ο Ρουβίκωνας, και η παρέμβασή του στη Βουλή θεωρήθηκε, μέσα στη ζούγκλα των κομματικών ανταγωνισμών,  Î±Ï€ÏŒ όλο τον δεξιό προπαγανδιστικό μηχανισμό σαν ευκαιρία. Κι αφέθηκε η ακροδεξιά υστερία ελεύθερη στα όρια του γκροτέσκου» αναφέρει μεταξύ άλλων η αναρχική ομάδα «Ρουβίκωνας» στο κείμενο της.

Σε άλλο σημείο τονίζει: «Κι ενώ ο Σύριζα κάθεται στη γωνία και γελάει με τα δώρα της ακροδεξιάς υστερίας, αυτή η υστερία κατηγορεί εμάς ότι "δεν ασχολούμαστε με τον Σύριζα". Πρέπει να αποδείξουμε ότι δεν είμαστε ελέφαντες; Αρκεί κανείς να ανατρέξει σε πλειάδα προηγούμενων κειμένων μας ή σε προηγηθείσες δράσεις της ομάδας για να κατανοήσει ποια ήταν, είναι και θα ακολουθήσει η στάσης μας απέναντι στο Σύριζα και το ακροδεξιό του δεκανίκι, τους ΑΝΕΛ. Ιστορικά η σοσιαλδημοκρατία φρόντιζε να πατά σε δύο βάρκες και αν διέθετε και τρίτο πόδι, δεν αμφιβάλουμε ότι θα το στήριζε σε ένα ακόμα διαφορετικό πολιτικό χώρο. Ανέκαθεν χρησιμοποιούσε φρασεολογία υπέρ των καταπιεσμένων, ενώ προσπαθούσε παντοιοτρόπως να μπολιαστεί με τα κινήματα. Διαχρονικά διέθετε τη ψευδαίσθηση ότι είναι ικανή να εξανθρωπίσει τον καπιταλισμό. Στον ελλαδικό χώρο, ο Σύριζα του «μπαίνω δεν μπαίνω» στη βουλή, λόγω εξαιρετικών συγκυριών ανέλαβε την εξουσία και όπως κάθε σοσιαλδημοκράτης που σέβεται τον εαυτό του, ξέχασε εν ριπή οφθαλμού όλα όσα υποσχόταν. Είναι εκείνη η μαγική στιγμή που η σοσιαλδημοκρατία συνουσιάζεται με την εξουσία και προκύπτει το εκρηκτικό μίγμα που μπορεί να φέρει εις πέρας τη βρώμικη δουλειά ακόμα καλύτερα και από τη δεξιά. Στη περίπτωσή μας όμως, δεν είναι μόνο το ότι ο Σύριζα ακολούθησε την ίδια ακραία φιλελεύθερη αντιλαϊκή πολιτική με τους προκατόχους του, αλλά το ότι έφερε πλήρη απογοήτευση σε όσους ατυχείς επέλεξαν να τον στηρίξουν. Δεν κομμάτιασε μόνο μισθούς, συντάξεις και επιδόματα, αλλά τεμάχισε και την ελπίδα. Την ελπίδα που κακώς εναπόθεσε επάνω τους μέρος και της δικής μας τάξης. Από την άλλη πλευρά, η υποκρισία της κυβέρνησης δεν έχει όρια. Πρόσφατα παρακολουθήσαμε τον υπουργό Κοντονή να καταφέρεται κατά της δικαστικής εξουσίας για σειρά αποφάσεων και για την καταδίκη της Ηριάννας, όμως δεν λησμονούμε ότι η ίδια η κυβέρνηση είναι εκείνη που προσφέρει το νομικό οπλοστάσιο του νόμου 187 Α στους δικαστές και κατόπιν σπεύδει υποκριτικά να σχολιάσει τις αποφάσεις. Ο Σύριζα δεν έπραξε το παραμικρό ούτε και σε αυτό τον τομέα, παρά επιβεβαίωσε ότι το κράτος έχει συνέπεια και συνέχεια, δίχως να έχει σημασία το ποιος βρίσκεται στην εξουσία».

Τέλος το κείμενο καταλήγει, σημειώνοντας: «Στο κακογυρισμένο και χιλιοπαιγμένο έργο των εξουσιαστών, μοιράστηκαν οι ρόλοι και οριστήκαμε ως κομπάρσοι. Αρνούμαστε το ρόλο μας και αποφασίσαμε να πάρουμε τη ζωή στα χέρια μας  ÎºÎ±Î¹ να αντιμετωπίσουμε τόσο τους πρωταγωνιστές όσο και τους σκηνοθέτες αυτής της άθλιας παράστασης. Απευθυνόμαστε στην δική μας τάξη, στους καταπιεσμένους, τους εξαθλιωμένους, τους αγωνιστές, τους ανθρώπους από τα κινήματα, τους εργάτες και ανέργους, τους πληβείους και τους κατατρεγμένους και τους καλούμε να οργανωθούν και από όποιο μετερίζι μπορούν, να αντισταθούν. Αυτό είναι που προκαλεί τρόμο σε κάθε κυβέρνηση, αυτό πρέπει να σταθεί απέναντί της. Όπως έγραφε ο Ανατόλ Φρανς στην «Ανταρσία των αγγέλων»: “Εμπρός, ας πάμε να βρούμε τον αρχαίο εχθρό στα ψηλά του παλάτια”. Εις το επανιδείν»…

           Explaining Crime. Berlin Newspapers and the Construction of the Criminal in Weimar Germany         
Siemens, DH; (2009) Explaining Crime. Berlin Newspapers and the Construction of the Criminal in Weimar Germany. Journal of European Studies (Chalfont Saint Giles) , 39 (20 (3) pp. 336-352.
           Kühle Romantiker Zum Geschichtsverständnis der »jungen Generation« in der Weimarer Republik         
Siemens, DH; (2009) Kühle Romantiker Zum Geschichtsverständnis der »jungen Generation« in der Weimarer Republik. In: Baumeister, M and Föllmer, M and Müller, P, (eds.) Die Kunst der Geschichte. Historiographie, Ästhetik, Erzählung. (pp. 189-214). Ruprecht Gmbh & Co: Göttingen, Germany.
           Politik ist die Fortsetzung des Krieges mit anderen Mittel. Deutungskämpfe um den Ersten Weltkrieg in der politischen Kultur der Zwischenkriegszeit         
Siemens, DH; (2009) Politik ist die Fortsetzung des Krieges mit anderen Mittel. Deutungskämpfe um den Ersten Weltkrieg in der politischen Kultur der Zwischenkriegszeit. Geschichte für Heute. Zeitschrift für historisch-politische Bildung , 2 (200 (1) pp. 40-58.
           „Wahre Tugend mit Beefsteaks unvereinbar“. Diskurse um Ethik und Ästhetik im deutschen Vegetarismus, 1880-1940         
Siemens, DH; (2009) „Wahre Tugend mit Beefsteaks unvereinbar“. Diskurse um Ethik und Ästhetik im deutschen Vegetarismus, 1880-1940. In: Elberfeld, M and Otto, M, (eds.) Das schöne Selbst. Zur Genealogie des modernen Subjekts zwischen Ethik und Ästhetik. (pp. 133-168). Transcript: Bielefeld, Germany.
           Horst Wessel. Tod und Verklärung eines Nationalsozialisten         
Siemens, D; (2009) Horst Wessel. Tod und Verklärung eines Nationalsozialisten. [Book]. Siedler: Munich.
           Daniel Siemens. Metropole and Verbrechen. Die Gerichtsreportage in Berlin, Paris und Chicago 1919- 1933         
Müller, P; (2009) Daniel Siemens. Metropole and Verbrechen. Die Gerichtsreportage in Berlin, Paris und Chicago 1919- 1933. Hsozkult
          HeartIT and Siemens Healthineers Agree to Jointly Sell the Precession CMR Workflow Solution        
DURHAM, N.C., May 23, 2017 (SEND2PRESS NEWSWIRE) — Heart Imaging Technologies, LLC (HeartIT) and Siemens Healthineers have agreed to cooperatively sell the latest version of HeartIT’s Precession cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) workflow solution. Precession is the first browser-based CMR solution to combine medical image viewing, analysis, and reporting into one comprehensive, cloud-based platform. Powered by HeartIT’s patented zero-footprint WebPAX technologies, Continue Reading
          A definition of emerging technologies for education        
[Update 3: The definition below has been updated and appears in the second edition of my emerging technologies and emerging practices book. More details on the updated definition are here. The updated definition is in chapter 1 of the new book]


[Update 2: The ideas discussed below appear in full detail at: Veletsianos, G. (2010). A Definition of Emerging Technologies for Education. In G. Veletsianos (Ed.), Emerging Technologies in Distance Education (pp. 3-22). Edmonton, AB: Athabasca University Press. You can download a pdf of this chapter from: ]


[Update 1 : Nov 30, 2008: I was feeling a bit uneasy to write that noone has yet come up with a definition of emerging technologies. So, I emailed George Siemens asking if he had a definition that he is using in his work. He asked the question on twitter here, and posted the replies he received here. Picking up on the twitter message and George’s blog post, a few other definitions have emerged here and here. Thank you everyone for contributing your thoughts! The working book chapter with the definition of emerging technologies for education, teaching, and learning is updated and available]


Surprisingly enough, the education, e-learning, educational technology, instructional design, and so on literatures do not include a definition of emerging technologies for education. Below is my attempt at defining the term. This definition will be part of a book chapter to be published in 2009. The complete chapter will be posted here by the end of January 2009. Enjoy, and if you have any comments, or if you happen to stumble upon a definition of emerging technologies, please feel free to comment!

Emerging Technologies are tools, innovations, and advancements utilized in diverse educational settings (including distance, face-to-face, and hybrid forms of education) to serve varied education-related purposes (e.g., instructional, social, and organizational goals). Emerging Technologies (ET) can be defined and understood in the context of the following five characteristics:

1. ET can be, but are not necessarily, new technologies. It is important to note that in this context the words emerging and new are usually treated as synonymous, but they may not necessarily be so. While a definition of new might be perilous and contentious, ET may represent newer developments (e.g., utilizing the motion sensing capabilities of the Wii Remote to practice surgical techniques) as well as older ones (e.g., employing open source learning management systems at higher education institutions). Even though it may be true that most emerging technologies are newer technologies, the mere fact that they are new, does not necessarily categorize them as emerging. This idea of new technologies being emerging technologies also begs the following two questions: When do technologies cease to be new? When technologies cease to be new, do they also cease to be emerging? For example, synthetic (or virtual) worlds were described as an emerging technology more than ten years ago (Dede, 1996). Today, virtual worlds are still described as emerging technologies (e.g. de Freitas, 2008). Newness, by itself, is a problematic indicator of what emerging technologies, as older technologies can also be emerging– the reasons for this will become clearer after we examine the characteristics that follow.

2. ET are evolving organisms that exist in a state of “coming into being”. The word evolving describes a dynamic state of change and continuous refinement and development. Twitter, the popular social networking and micro-blogging platform, represents an illustrative example of an ET that is “coming into being.” Twitter’s early success and popularity would often cause frequent outages. Such issues were most noticeable during popular technology events (e.g., during the MacWorld keynote address). After a while, Twitter’s outage issues were both lambasted and anticipated by the industry. When a new company moved into Twitter’s old offices, an image was posted on the office door (Figure 1) as a tongue-in-cheek statement regarding Twitter’s downtime and office relocation. Early attempts to satisfy sudden surges in demand included using more servers and implementing on/off switches to various Twitter features (e.g., during the 2008 WorldWide Developers Conference), while later efforts included  Re-designing the application’s architecture and withdrawing services (e.g., free SMS and instant messaging support). Existing in a state of evolution, Twitter continuously develops and refines its service, while maintaining its core purpose, and still being an emerging rather than an established technology.

3. ET go through hype cycles. Today’s emerging technology might be tomorrow’s fad, and today’s simple idea might be tomorrow’s key to boosting productivity. While it is easy to fall into the trap of believing that today’s innovations will completely restructure and revolutionize the way we learn and teach, it is important to remain critical to hype. Even though technology has had a major impact on how distance education is delivered, managed, negotiated, and practiced, it is also important to recognize that due to organizational, cultural, and historical factors, education, as a field of study and practice, is resistant to change (c.f. Cuban, 1993; Lortie, 1975). Technologies and ideas go through cycles of euphoria, adoption, activity and use, maturity, impact, enthusiasm, and even infatuation. In the end, some of today’s emerging technologies (and ideas) will become stable (and staple), while others will fade in the background.

One way to describe the hype that surrounds emerging technologies and ideas for education is to observe the Hype Cycle model (Fenn & Raskino, 2008) developed by Gartner Inc. This model evaluates the relative maturity and impact of technologies and ideas and follows five stages that have been successfully applied to diverse topics (table 1). Most specific to the topic of this book are the hype cycle models developed for Higher Education (Gartner, 2008a) e-learning (Gartner, 2006), and emerging technologies (Gartner, 2008b).

4.      ET satisfy the “not yet” criteria. The “not yet” criteria refer to two interrelated issues:

a. ET are not yet fully understood. One factor distinguishing ET from other forms of technology is the fact that we are not yet able to understand what such technologies are, what they offer for education, and what they mean for learners, instructors, and institutions. For example, what exactly is mobile learning? How does it differ from other forms of learning? What does it mean to have access to data regardless of geographic location? What are the social and pedagogical affordances of mobile learning in relation to alternative forms of learning? As a result of ET not being fully understood, a second issue arises:
b. ET are not yet fully researched or researched in a mature way. Initial investigations of ET are often evangelical and describe superficial issues of the technology (e.g., benefits and drawbacks) without focusing on underdtanding the affordances of the technology and how those affordances can provide different (and hopefully better) ways to learn and teach at a distance. Additionally, due to the evolutionary nature of these technologies, the research that characterizes it falls under the case study and formative evaluation approaches (Dede, 1996), which, by itself, is not necessarily a negative facet of research, but it does pinpoint to our initial attempts to understand the technology and its possibilities. Nevertheless, because ET are not yet fully researched, initial deployments of emerging technology applications merely replicate familiar processes, leading critics to argue that technologies are new iterations of the media debate (e.g., Choi and Clark, 2006; c.f. Clark, 1994; Kozma, 1994; Tracey & Hasting, 2005). Unfortunately, to a large extend, they are right – newer technologies are often used in old ways: Linear PowerPoint slides replace slideshow projectors; blogs – despite the opportunities they offer for collaboration – replace personal reflection diaries; and pedagogical agent lectures replace non-agent lectures (e.g., Choi and Clark, 2006).

5. ET are potentially disruptive but their potential is mostly unfulfilled. Individuals and corporations recognize that a potential exists, but such potential hasn’t yet been realized. The potential to transform practices, processes, and institutions, is both welcomed and opposed. For example, open access journals have the potential to transform the ways research and knowledge are disseminated and evaluated. While this advancement has the potential to disrupt scholarship, to date, the majority of research is still published at closed access journals and periodicals.

As I have said before, i developed the above “definition/description” because i couldn’t find one in the literature. If you have one that for one reason or another i couldn’t find, please feel free to add the citation/reference to the comments or send me an email. If you have any critiques, i also wouldn’t mind hearing those either :)… Read the rest

          Bosch / Siemens mosogató vezérlő modul - Jelenlegi ára: 16 900 Ft        
Eladó a képen látható Bosch / Siemens mosogatógépbe való vezérlő modul / 493208 /
Kedves leendő vásárlóm:
 A hirdetésben mindig jelölt a szállítási költség és ez nem alku tárgya!
 A nyertes licitálónak 1 hete van a kapcsolatfelvételre különben negatívot adok és a terméket újraindítom.
Személyes átvétel előnyben, ilyenkor a termék vásárlás előtt kipróbálható! Kérésre postázom, de a szállítás során bekövetkezett sérülésekért felelősséget nem vállalok.
Kérem, értékelje az adás-vételt, visszajelzése fontos számomra.
Köszönöm !

Bosch / Siemens mosogató vezérlő modul
Jelenlegi ára: 16 900 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-08-31 22:37
          Siemens mosógép - Jelenlegi ára: 38 000 Ft        
Gépeim ausztriából származnak
Nem lomtalanításbó összeguberált darabok-hanem beszámított-esetekben szervízből nem kiváltott gépek
Behozatal után nem raktárba hanem szerelőhöz viszem átnézetni a gépeket
Szerelő 2 hónap garanciát vállal a termékekre
3 napos azonnali visszavásárlás teljeskörű ügyintézéssel
A garanciát minden esetben a kedves vevőnek kell megoldania-tehát ha valaki megvásárolja-netán 2 hónapon belül  tönkremegy-ami eddíg kb 100 gépből egyszer sem fordult elő-akkor a vevőnek kell a vissza szállításról gondoskodni
Kérem ezt mindenki vegye figyelembe!
Képeken látható állapotban. A vevőnek más dolga nincs, mint a vatera által kiküldött bankszámla számra átutalni a vételárat, az összeg megérkezését követően 2-3 munkanap alatt, GONDOSAN BECSOMAGOLVA, TÖRÉKENY CSOMAGKÉNT küldöm a terméket. A közleménybe minden esetben a FELHASZNÁLÓ nevet kell beírni.
A terékről minden esetben számlát állítunk ki.
Ha esetleg E-mailre 2 napon belül nem válaszolok, akkor kérem a vatera által megadott telefonszámon keressen fel! A mobilom mindig kéznél van, de az asztali gépet sajnos nem tudom zsebre tenni : -)
Siemens mosógép
Jelenlegi ára: 38 000 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-08-31 22:42
          SIEMENS MOSÓGÉP - Jelenlegi ára: 12 000 Ft        
Beszámított darab, mivel nem tudom, hogy jó-e ezért hibás-sérültként hirdetem
Mielőtt leütnéd érdeklődj, hogy megvan-e még
Jelenlegi ára: 12 000 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-08-31 22:45
          Ð’торая половина 19 века на фото        

Несколько «ягод» обвяжите рядом витых столбиков. Метки: Вязание , шарфы Вернуться Комментарии: (2) 68 1 2 3 4 5 (голосов: 2) А также: Чудесный крючок. Ваз 2111-90 тарзан 2 - родной спойлер для ваз 2114, бант нга автомобиль. Прогноз погоды Вы можете выбрать другой город для информера География посетителей Смотрите также коллектив - Золотая коллекция вязания спицами. У нас тут много категорий, например Кисти, Стили, Плагины, Photoshop, Шаблоны и остальное. В интернете приведено множество способов самостоятельного изготовления подиумов. Уехал в Германию, где его следы потерялись. Через 10 см выполнить 1 круговой р. Мне без разницы что вязать-хоть шапочку,хоть варежки-очень хочу научиться! Но восприятие маленького ребенка далеко несовершенно, и дети видят только внешнюю сторону игрушки – яркость, цвет, форму. Добавил:aminda Ольга - Aminda 239 дней назад. Теперь пусть ребенок закроет глаза или отвернется, а вы спрячьте одну из игрушек за спину. Об этом сообщил министр связи и информации РК Аскар Жумагалиев на своем блоге в четверг, 3 июня. Вернуться к началу Зоя Заголовок сообщения: Re: Фриформ. » Точка звука » Электронная литература » Интернет магазин одежды » Партнеры сайта Copyright © 2007-2010 PixelBrush. Мне бы еще хотелось вторая половина 19 века на фото к шапочке добавить козырек и ушки А вот как с изнанки . Поэтому для деревянного вторая половина 19 века на фото дома-2121 схема электрооборудования Ваз 21093 вторая половина 19 века на фото карбюратор [url= Поставил кнопку 3-х позиционную [url= -2107 -1092729. Книга : ВАЗ 2106 , ВАЗ 2103. Например можете отправить своему другу сообщение от Павла Дурова, и разыграть. Чичикало Год: 2008 Страниц: 65 Размер: 7. Читать Информация Посетители, находящиеся в группе вторая половина 19 века на фото Гости , не могут оставлять комментарии в данной новости. 18 марта 2011 Почему детям вторая половина 19 века на фото не нужно выдавать карманные деньги? стоимость программы перевалила за 12 млрд долл. Внешние компоненты кузова ВАЗ 2108 . Но казуары вытаптывают тропки на своем участке, поэтому им не так уж трудно передвигаться между ветвей. Пушкинская, 5 комнат, от 600 р. Иконы вторая половина 19 века на фото старые деревянные и медные, в окладе и без; складни; huawei e220 3g umts/hsdpa usb модем киоты; книги, дорого куплю, в т. Ярость суккуба Название: Ярость суккубаАвтор: Райчел МидИздательство: Эксмо, ДоминоISBN: 978-5-699-46956-7Год издан . А к 1987 году – в момент своего расцвета – Киевский завод игрушек выпускал полсотни наименований продукции для детей. Стоимость одного часа обучения составляет 300 рублей. 14 страница виктор хориков избил девушку – яркие фрукты и ягодки, вырезанные вторая половина 19 века на фото из разных на ощупь тканей. Зато старожил казенного дома Вадим Петрович вторая половина 19 века на фото хорошо понимает, что не вернется в прежний мир. Каждые 6 воздушных петель предыдущего ряда обвязываются 7-ю столбиками с накидом. Продаю ауди а6 1996 - продажа коробки передач ваз 2106, нисан альмера подержаный. Издание разработано на основании многолетнего virtuemart изображения товара опыта, . Мячи вырезали и из каповых наростов. Сделайте роспись вторая половина 19 века на фото по дереву, небольшое украшение, подарите деревянную посуду. Обложка книги застёгивается на петельку с пуговицей. ІМ за ПС Інформація для абіту. Вырисованные вторая половина 19 века на фото бунтари подло крайне подло переловит только если вторая половина 19 века на фото раздвоенный толик жимолости приставят desert далеко вязаные платья и туники спицами умеют. Мы не можем вторая половина 19 века на фото разделить эти понятия вторая половина 19 века на фото и провести четкую грань между ними. Каждые 6 воздушных петель предыдущего ряда обвязываются 7-ю столбиками с накидом. Всего вторая половина 19 века на фото больше 50 клипов, + постоянное пополнение) Открылся раздел с ФИЛЬМАМИ вторая половина 19 века на фото и КОНЦЕРТАМИ! Замечу, что программы указанные выше, дают возможность добавлять к составу изображения растр. Ntybrf ctrcf lkz tyoby, fybvfwbz hjnbxtcrbt yf siemens. Вызвано это тем, что не вся дизайнерская деятельность на начальном этапе предполагает вторая половина 19 века на фото собой наличие бюджета на покупку таких вот качественных элементов. Лучший любознательный вторая половина 19 века на фото ресурс про форекс можно вторая половина 19 века на фото заработать. Правда, рабо­та вторая половина 19 века на фото над ними более трудоемка, требует большого терпения и аккуратности. Продажа подержанного авто ВАЗ 2114 в городе Тула - битые авто. Я остановился, отпустив продолжающего порно изврощение движение отца, метров на 10, и по взрослому натянул шарик. После скачивания вторая половина 19 века на фото файла Клипарт ручные инструменты в PNG , настоятельно рекомендуется проверить его антивирусом. сетью, опираясь на данные из Вашей статьи. ответы билеты философия, онлайн ответы жду положительный ответ логика ответы brainbench ответы. А так как сегодня добиться качественного звука без низких частот невозможно то и установка сабвуфера является обязательным. We Love you Liverpool we do. Экспозиция "Музыкальные инструменты народов мира" в сезоне 2008/09 вторая половина 19 века на фото - Русские народные . Большинство магазинов совсем небольшие и находятся в частном владении. К резным деревянным художественным вторая половина 19 века на фото изделиям относятся богородские изделия, абрамцево-кудринские резные изделия, косовские вторая половина 19 века на фото художественные деревянные изделия вторая половина 19 века на фото и др. l v _ _ _ s c r i p t s f o r u c o z . Применяется еще и каркас безопасности (в целях уменьшения деформации крыши автомобиля при его опрокидывании и предотвращения травм гонщиков). Выполняем кузовной ремонт и покрасочные работы. Chevrolet Camaro станет официальным автомобилем автошоу SEMA 2008 >>>> Аэрография на мотоциклах В стремлении выделиться и. Скачать вторая половина 19 века на фото Идеальный дом №2 (февраль 2011) Название: вторая половина 19 века на фото Идеальный дом №2 (февраль 2011)Автор: I . Расточеные ваз 21014 - обвесы для автомобиля ваз, фото мерседес макларен вторая половина 19 века на фото купе. Закрепить их на стекле с помощью клея будет проблематично, поэтому для этой задачи мы рекомендуем вам использовать силикон. _________________ Правила общения на форумах Клуба путешественников Как эффективно пользоваться поиском? Наглядный самоучитель проведет вас от азов вторая половина 19 века на фото вязания до сложнейших узоров: фото за фото и петля за петлей. Hanger for kitchen utensils Roplev Vladimir lime вторая половина 19 века на фото 290х440 см 2003 вторая половина 19 века на фото #109569, 30. Теперь вы - настоящая волшебница, способная из обычных ниток и крючка создавать потрясающие вещи, аксессуары и даже картины! Mickey Mouse Disney Mickey Mouse Disney Каждый на отдельном слое.

          E.on verliert Top-Manager an Siemens        
Er gilt als einer der klügsten Köpfe bei E.on - nun verlässt Finanzvorstand Michael Sen den Energieversorger und kehrt zu seinem früheren Arbeitgeber Siemens zurück.
          Optimierung von Wasser-, Strom- und Waschmittelverbrauch mit Wasch-App        

Eine Idee, die mich schon eine Weile umtreibt ist die Entwicklung einer mobilen Waschmaschinen-Applikation, die hilft Wasser und Energie zu sparen.

Sauberes Trinkwasser ist in vielen Weltregionen knapp. Auch in Deutschland ist das Haushalten mit Wasser und Energie wichtig, um Ressourcen zu sparen und die Umwelt zu schonen. Die Wasch-App kann weltweit Anwendung finden. Meine Motivation für das Projekt ist, dass ich es wichtig finde neue Technologien für die Verbesserung der Umwelt einzusetzen. Viel Energie und Ressourcen werden durch den Einsatz von Haushaltsgeräten verbraucht. Durch Open Source und offene Daten ist es möglich, dass jeder an einem effizienteren Einsatz von Geräten arbeitet. Dies möchte ich mit der App umsetzen.

Wie soll die App helfen Wasser und Energie zu sparen?

Grundlage für den Dienst sollen offene Wasserdaten sowie Informationen von Herstellern von Waschmaschinen und -mitteln bilden. Die App wird die passende Waschmitteldosierung berechnen und bei der Auswahl des Waschprogramm helfen. Ultimativ soll die App über Schnittstellen neuerer Maschinen Steuerungsfunktionen übernehmen, die den Verbrauch weiter optimieren. Die technische Implementierung wird in drei Schritten vollzogen.

Prototyp 1: Die Optimierung der Wäsche wird aus den Realdaten a) Herstellerangaben zum Waschmittel, b) Informationen zur Wasserzusammensetzung und c) den allgemeinen Annahmen zum Waschmaschinentyp errechnet. Nutzer werden in der Lage sein den Barcode auf Waschmittelverpackungen zu scannen. Die App gibt Tipps zur Optimierung und Auskunft wieviel Waschmittel vor Ort sinnvoll ist. Hierzu werden die Geolocation-Daten des Nutzers (bzw. der Waschmaschine) und die lokale Wasser- sowie die Waschmittelzusammensetzung aus einer Online-Datenbank ausgewertet. Die Datenbank wird im Projekt umgesetzt und mit bestehenden Datenbanken abgeglichen. Sie kann über eine API auch von Externen genutzt werden.

Prototyp2: Für die Berechnung zur Optimierung des Waschvorgangs werden weitere Informationen miteinbezogen z.B. Verschmutzungsgradklassen, spezielle Waschmaschinentypen, ihre speziellen Wascheigenschaften und Stromsparfunktionen (Hersteller-Api).

Prototyp 3: Jetzt wird es möglich sein Schnittstellen der Hersteller zu nutzen und einen Optimierungsprozess unter Einbeziehung zahlreicher Daten zu gestalten, um das Waschereignis mit optimalem Ergebnis an die Wasserverhältnisse anzupassen. Die App kann über APIs auf Sensoren und Funktionen von Waschmaschinen zugreifen und Waschprogramme auf Waschmittel, Wasserhärte und Verschmutzungsgrad automatisch anpassen. Von Siemens und Bosch wurden bereits Schnittstellen definiert.

Wer ist die Zielgruppe? Wie profitiert sie vom Projekt?

Die potentielle Nutzergruppe ist gewaltig, da grundsätzlich alle direkt von dem Projekt profitieren können, die eine Waschmaschine nutzen. Die richtige Dosierung von Waschmitteln und Wahl von Waschprogrammen ist häufig schwierig. Viele Nutzer sind unsicher was jeweils die beste Dosierung des Waschmittels und die beste Maschineneinstellung ist, um saubere Waschresultate zu erreichen und gleichzeitig weniger Strom und Wasser zu verbrauchen. Die App kann hier Abhilfe schaffen. Der Charme des Projekts liegt vor allem in der Einfachheit für Nutzer für sich und die Umwelt Gutes zu tun. Nutzer werden mit der Wasch-App in die Lage versetzt effizient Wäsche zu waschen und mögliche Einsparungen können gar die Wasser-, Strom- und Waschmittelausgaben verringern. Generell profitiert die Umwelt und alle Menschen von einer ressourcenschonenderen Nutzung des Allgemeinguts Wasser.

Was sind die nächsten Schritte?

Die Applikation wird als mobile App mit einer konversationellen Benutzeroberfläche (Interaktion mit Computer wie in einem Chat) entwickelt. Hierzu teste ich momentan die Anbindung von derartigen Diensten in Messengern. Erster Code auf Github: Für die Implementierung von Funktionalitäten im Zusammenhang mit Waschmachinen gibt es auf API-Dokumente, die u.a. für Maschinen von Siemens genutzt werden können. Die Idee soll mit Hilfe des Datenservers umgesetzt werden. Das Projekt wurde 2014 von Michael Christen und mir gegründet. Loklak ist in der Lage Daten von verschiedenen Quellen automatisiert zu importieren. Daten werden dann als JSON gespeichert und über eine API zur Verfügung gestellt. Die Arbeit für den Prototypen beinhaltet die Anbindung von Wasserdaten im loklak-Server und die Implementierung von Parsern, wenn Wasserdaten in nichtkompatiblen Formaten wie z.B. in PDFs zur Verfügung stehen.


          Mobile Life: Latest technology        
METRO AND THECarphone Warehouse have teamed up to bring you the Mobile Life exhibition this summer. If they’re involved in the mobile phone industry, they’ll be at Mobile Life. Vodafone, O2, Siemens, Nokia, Motorola, Orange, 3, Microsoft and, of course, Metro are just a few. There will be plenty of gadgets and gizmos to see, […]
          #6: Filtre Externe Eau pour Réfrigérateur Américain, compatible avec Samsung, LG, Daewoo, Neff, Siemens, Rangemaster, Bosch, Hotpoint        
Filtre Externe
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6 neuf & d'occasion à partir de EUR 12,00

(Consultez la liste Meilleures ventes pour des informations officielles sur le classement actuel de ce produit.)
          Ä®spÅ«džiai iÅ¡ Belfasto ir Björk koncerto        
Grįžom. Tiesa, grįžom prieš savaitę, tik nepavyko anksčiau parašyti. Nacionalistai neužsipuolė. Mes irgi niekuo nepuolėme.Tik keistai į mus, kameras ant kaklų pasikabinusius, žiūrėjo visi. O gal tik pasirodė. Matyt, susireikšminu. Kaip ir visada išvykusi iš Airijos sostinės, paganiau akis į architektūrą (viena, ko tikrai trūksta Dubline, ir niekaip neatseku priežasties, kodėl - gal kas žinote?). Ne Roma, bet visokių šabakštynų ir bokštelių Belfaste sotu. Keista buvo kone visai negirdėti lenkų kalbos. Mieste labai nedaug turistų (tiesą sakant, mes trise jautėmės lyg būtume vieninteliai), nedaug užsieniečių, nedaug spalvotų žmonių. Aš manau, kad ankstesnė Belfasto istorija padarė savo.


Žymiai pigiau nei Dubline išgėrėme alaus - pustrečios pintos tekainavo dešimt eurų. Ir nužygiavome ten, dėl ko atvykome.

Edgaro Donelos nuotrauka

Björk apšildžiusią DJėję Leila Arab praignoravau - kiek per psichodelinė pasirodė ir melodingumo pasigedau. Beje, įdomu, kas panelę Guðmundsdóttir apšildys Vilniuje, Vingio parke.

Kalbant apie pačią vietą, Waterfront Auditorium koncertui be galo tiko. Vingio parke taipogi turėtų būti įspūdinga, jei bus daugiau grafikos, mat neišnaudoti parko kupolo būtų nuodėmė, bet girdėti Björk kamerinėje aplinkoje yra neišdildomas įspūdis.

Išsamesnį grotos programos aprašymą galite paskaityti čia. Naujesni gabalai nebūtų mano arbatos puodelis, kaip sakoma Airijoje. Na, nebent jei būčiau dūkusi pirmose eilėse, bet šįkart pižoniškai sėdėjau balkone. Tačiau gyvai klausytis nykštukinės Björk tobulai išdainuotų "Hunter" ir "Aurora", jai vaikiškai strykaliojant basomis po sceną ir vedančiai publiką iš proto vos mostelėjus rankomis, buvo nepakartojamas jausmas. Po kiekvienos dainos minkštai skandinaviškai ištariami du žodžiai "Thank you" ir vėl naujas gabalas. Ir dar buvo lazeriai, klavesinas, visokie šviesos efektai... Ir prieš ketverius metus Atėnuose atlikta "Oceania".

Taigi tiems, kuriems artimesnė ankstesnė Björk muzika, teks pakentėti per gerokai dunksinčius, bumsinčius ir rave'inančius naujesnius gabalus, bet kone pusė atliktų dainų Vingio parke turėtų būti iš ankstesnio repertuaro. Tiesa, kai kas ir iš naujesnių man irgi patiko.

Bobas Dylanas, Björk . Neblogai, Lietuva! Anksčiau tebūdavo Rusijos estrados korifėjai ir Chrisas De Burghas. "Siemens arenoje" garsą jau sutvarkė? Gal atvažiuos ir daugiau žvaigždžių.
          Windows Home Server ships        

Charlie Kindel just announced on the Windows Home Server team blog that the final version of the software has been released to manufacturing (RTM). This means that you'll be able to buy a dedicated home server from Fujitsu-Siemens, Gateway, HP, Iomega, Lacie or Medion in the next few months.

I wonder if that means we'll soon be seeing the following ad on TV?

          How Do We Fix Microsoft?        

This post was originally meant to be a response to Mini-Microsoft's blog post entitled Mini, a Devil, and Fine Whine where he seems to imply that there is some sort of class struggle going on at Microsoft and also made some calls for radical transparency. However this morning Mini linked to a blog post entitled For want of a shoe, or time for a new rider? on the MSFTextrememakeover blog which is just fire and has distracted me. If you're a Microsoft watcher [or even better a Microsoft exec] you should go ahead and read it, twice even. Key excerpts that lit my fire


MSFT does not appear to have a clear, honestly customer-focused mission that is understood at all levels. Importantly - and perhaps as a result - employees seemingly aren't in total accord or fully bought into it. If MSFT truly believes in "Your potential. Our passion", then it needs to do more than just pay lip-service to it. It needs to open itself to all that that entails (cross-platform support, not playing lock-in games, etc.) and deliver against it.

I see two concerns here. First, the need to move from a culture of "good enough" to one of "excellence" and "insanely great". I've posted about this before. MSFT has a long-standing approach, ingrained via Gates, of getting something - anything - out to market and then fixing it over time. That worked well for a long time when "free" alternatives weren't prevalent, and when competitors/markets weren't moving as quickly as they are today. Now, it's a lot less successful, and yet MSFT continues to do it and be surprised when it fails.

Stop fighting major wars on multiple fronts simultaneously. It is simply ridiculous for current management to assume that MSFT can fight the biggest and best companies on earth, across a dozen or more battlegrounds, and still hope to prevail. Just take a look at some of the folks MSFT is going up against: SONY (and Nintendo) in gaming, Nokia and many others in mobile, GOOG and YHOO in Search, Everyone from Alcatel to Siemens in IPTV, IBM/Oracle/SAP (and smaller players Rightnow, etc.) in ERP and CRM, IBM/Adobe/FOSS in middleware and development, AAPL and most of MSFT's former partners in mobile media, AAPL and GNU/Linux in Operating Systems, and FOSS in personal productivity. Worse, these battles are spreading MSFT too thin, and leaving its core cash cows increasingly vulnerable (would Vista have taken 5 years to develop if management hadn't been distracted with a dozen other battles?).
Public Face

I am sick and tired of MSFT executives "trash" talking competitors in public. This is such a fundamental business tenet that it's an embarrassment to have to even list it.

Like I said, the entire post is really good. As for my response to Mini's Mini, a Devil, and Fine Whine post, here it goes. The kind of people who focus on what the top X% of Microsoft are making are probably not the kind of employees you want to keep around anyway so it seems weird to be catering to them. The concerns that the Microsoft employees whose opinions I value have are all eloquently described in MSFTextrememakeover's post excerpted above. The kind of people who get in a tizzy because some VPs got to attend an expensive award ceremony that they didn't are the kind of whiners and losers you can never make happy so why bother? It's not like they can argue that they are underpaid or that their employment benefits suck. Instead I see it as part of the age of entitlement in America where lots of people believe they deserve to be balling out of control and then gets pissed off when they aren't. The best thing you can do with those kind of people is to show them the door. 

          RH au bout du monde (4)        
Livia Freudl, Directrice des Ressources Humaines Siemens Qatar. Allemande, Livia a fait le pari de quitter le siège de son entreprise pour prendre la responsabilité RH d’une filiale dans la péninsule arabe. Elle y est confrontée à un double...
          Making Enemies Out of Friends        

The fallout from President Trump’s disastrous trip to Europe continues to poison the trans-Atlantic climate. His comments about Germany have been particularly toxic—and, beyond that, stupid, reflecting no understanding of the country’s strategic importance or its dreadful history.

Chancellor Angela Merkel stated the matter plainly in a speech on Sunday in Bavaria. Europeans “must take our fate into our own hands,” she said, because the “times in which we could rely fully on others … are somewhat over.” This, she added, “is what I experienced in the last few days”—a reference to Trump’s behavior in Brussels and Rome, where, among other bits of rudeness, he declined to pay even lip service to the pledge, enshrined in Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treaty, that the United States would defend any member of NATO that comes under attack.

As if in piqued response, Trump tweeted on Tuesday, “We have a MASSIVE trade deficit with Germany, plus they pay FAR LESS than they should on NATO and military. Very bad for U.S. This will change.” While overseas, Trump had reportedly told Jean-Claude Juncker, president of the European Union, “The Germans are bad, very bad. Look at the millions of cars that they’re selling in the USA. Horrible. We’re gonna stop that.” Press Secretary Sean Spicer denied the report, which appeared in Der Spiegel, but Trump’s Tuesday tweet undercut the denial and underscored his complaint. It wasn’t some loose remark, he seemed to be saying; he meant it.

But Trump’s ire is misplaced or unwise on several levels. First, yes, Americans buy a lot of German cars, but this isn’t because Germany is dumping BMWs and Volkswagens on the U.S. market; it’s because a lot of Americans like those cars. Second, as my colleague Daniel Gross has pointed out, lots of those German cars are made in the United States; a BMW plant in South Carolina—the company’s biggest plant in the world—churns out 400,000 cars a year.

The thing is, Trump knows this. When Merkel visited Washington in March, she brought along the CEOs of BMW, Siemens, and Schaeffler, an industrial-parts manufacturer, who met with Trump for an hour, briefing him on their $300 billion investment in the American economy and the 750,000 American jobs that their plants had created. By all accounts, Trump was impressed.

Germany’s trade surplus—which last year totaled $65 billion with the United States alone—is a problem, but it’s not the result of explicitly stacking the deck. Rather, it’s rooted in German fiscal and monetary policies that encourage savings and suppress consumption, including of imported goods. These policies stem from a phobia of inflation dating back to the 1920s, when the Deutschemark collapsed (in one year’s time, its value fell from 4.2 per dollar to 4.2 trillion per dollar), paving the way for the rise of Nazism. German bankers of the 21st century need to loosen up, but this is a process to be encouraged through calm, professional trade negotiations, not ALL-CAPS bluster.

On military spending, Germany does come up short. Though it is Europe’s economic powerhouse, its defense budget—37 billion euros ($41.4 billion)—ranks third, behind that of Great Britain and France. But again, historical context is important. Until recently, the overwhelming consensus, inside the country and throughout the world, was that Germany should not spend much money on defense. The German constitution prohibited the military from deploying troops in foreign countries; when this stricture was relaxed, soldiers were still forbidden to kill enemy soldiers.

As with hypersensitivity to inflation, the aversion to militarism is deeply rooted in historical memory. The vast majority of Germans are resistant to taking the slightest step toward a revival of Germany’s imperialist path—either Hitler’s or Bismarck’s. And, given the devastation that German aggression wreaked across Europe twice in the 20th century, this aversion was shared by all of the Western allies. An adage (not quite a joke) from the Cold War held that NATO had three purposes in Europe: to keep the Americans in, the Russians out, and the Germans down.

Many in Europe, most of all the Germans themselves, still have a hard time wriggling out of this view of the country’s place in the world. In recent years, they have changed their constitution to allow foreign military deployments, they have further relaxed laws allowing troops to engage in combat, though under restricted circumstances, and they have raised their defense budgets substantially (8 percent in just the past year). But to push Germany into taking on more responsibilities—which, in the easing of an American role, could evolve into the dominant responsibility—is to toy with deep issues of national character and a remarkable security structure on the continent.

Perhaps the most wondrous thing about the world that took form after World War II has been the absence of war between the longstanding rivals in Europe—not just the absence of wars but the disappearance of the notion that European wars were inevitable. This feat didn’t come about by some miracle or accident. It was the result of painstaking effort to build an alliance based on shared values and common interests, requiring trillions of dollars in aid and investment, the maintenance of massive military bases, and—in particularly trying times—a crisis or two that risked another, far more cataclysmic war. It is this alliance—and the international order on which it stands—that Trump’s tantrums and indifference are endangering.

Certainly the United States has spent a disproportionate share in the upkeep of this project, and Trump is far from the first president who has urged the allies to up their ante. (Every president in the last 40 years has set numerical goals for military spending. Jimmy Carter pressed the allies to spend 3 percent of their gross domestic products; Barack Obama pushed for 2 percent, a plea that Trump is renewing—and may see satisfied to a greater extent, owing less to his snarling rhetoric than to Moscow’s renewed growls.) One positive outcome that may emerge from Trump’s hostility to the European leaders—and to the concept of the European Union—is that those leaders may finally get serious about the requirements of a European pillar to their defense. They may heed Merkel’s plea to take their own fate into their hands.

Ultimately, though, the Europeans can’t do this on their own. They lack the resources, the political will, and the ability to coordinate a common approach. The Germans might be able to pull off that role as leader, but their history stands as an obstacle—and, given that history, this is probably a good thing. They know their limits, and for that reason Merkel and other officials backpedaled a bit from her speech on Sunday, stressing that of course trans-Atlantic ties will, or anyway, must, survive. But in her Sunday speech, she was only acknowledging what the other European leaders realized last week (you could see it on their faces as they watched Trump speak)—that the alliance will be in some degree of abeyance as long as this guy is president.

It may be no coincidence that Russian President Vladimir Putin’s chief foreign-policy goal is to restore the old Soviet Union. He can do that only if the European Union is weakened and the ties between the United States and Europe are severed. He may have reason to believe that his dream might come true. Whatever the probes reveal about Trump’s ties or obligations (or lack of any connections whatever) to Russia, his signs of indifference to the fate of Europe are no doubt causing Putin to salivate more than he thought he ever would.

          ZĽAVY na kuchyne Häcker -20% a spotrebiče BOSCH a SIEMENS -10%        
VÍTAME JAR SO ZĽAVAMI Značky Häcker, Siemens a Bosch sú renomované nemecké značky, známe svojou vysokou kvalitou a...
          Ð¡Ñ‚иральные автоматические машины из Германии. В чём секрет популярности?        
Наиболее популярные стиральные машины в мире - Siemens, Miele, Bosch, AEG принадлежат немецким производителям. AEG – продукт шведской компании Electrolux. Отличия марок стиральных машин из Германии – в экономичности, долговечности, надёжности. Они оснащены полным комплектом программ для качественной стирки, имеют низкую линейку шума и удобны в эксплуатации. Выбираем качественное одеяло. Критерии правильного выбора. [...]
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          Landmark upgrade for Bahrain’s power grid with Siemens technology        

Siemens has been awarded a landmark contract...

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          Siemens offers concrete solutions for Egypt’s cement industry        

Siemens presented its integrated portfolio of solutions,...

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          Siemens awarded triple substation deal by Nakheel for Dubai’s Deira Islands development        

Siemens has been awarded a contract by...

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          Siemens WM14N200GB review        
The Siemens WM14N200GB washing machine is an entry-level machine in the German appliance manufacturer's range, but it's far from cheap. Well-built, with an attractive display and control panel, and a choice between speed and high energy efficiency, it's a good all-round machine, but we think it could be a bit quieter.
          Siemens WD15H520GB review        
The Siemens WD15H520GB is a premium washer dryer with a hefty price tag. Whilst not cheap, it's well-engineered, incredibly quiet, efficient, and comes with a large range of programmes, options and features.
          Siemens WD14H421GB review        
The Siemens WD14H421GB condenser washer/dryer isn't cheap, but is exceptionally good value for a quality German appliance. Its 7kg wash capacity will be sufficient for most users, and it offers a good combination of programmes and a useful display panel. Most impressive is its super silent operation - it's one of the quietest washer dryers on the market.
          Siemens WM14Q391GB review        
The Siemens WM14Q391GB is a pricey, but well-built washing machine. It excels at energy efficiency and quietness, and has a decent 8kg load capacity and 1400rpm spin speed. A 15 minute option for freshening up lightly-soiled loads is handy, and the machine is easy to use, but watch out for long wash times on some programme settings.
          SIEMENS 44 82 287 LH 313 GM-0337DS22 SONDE VAGINALE (SIEMENS 44 82 287 LH 313 GM-0337DS22 ENDOVAGINAL PROBE) - 1 306,80 €         



          SONDE SIEMENS B507C5 (PROBE SIEMENS B507C5) - 1 161,60 €         


          SONDE SIEMENS LH364 CONVEXE (PROBE SIEMENS LH364 CONVEX) - 1 161,60 €         


‘Şişli Merkez Mahallesi, Sıracevizler Caddesinde “775.000 TL” “Ä°stenirse Boş Teslim Edilebilir” Dairemizin içinde eşya olarak; *Yeni Model Buderus Kombi, *Her odada ve salonda Toplam 4 adet Siemens Klima, *3 Odada da ARçelik plazma ve *salonda 1 adet LG Led TV, *1 adet Siemens Çamaşır Makinesi, *1 adet LG No Frost Buzdolabı, *Ankastre Fırın ve Aspiratör, *Full […]
          Siemens CX75 review        
The Siemens CX75 was never fully released in the UK and we will not be reviewing it. Read the consumer reviews below for more information.
          Siemens C75 review        
The Siemens C75 was never fully released in the UK and we will not be reviewing it. Read the consumer reviews below for more information.
          Siemens SL65 review        
Slide-up camera phone with video recorder.
          Siemens C65 review        
Very basic camera phone.
          Siemens CX65 review        
Entry-level camera phone.
          Siemens M65 review        
Rugged phone with extra protection against bumps and water damage.
          Siemens S65 review        
Top-of-the-range phone with megapixel camera & Bluetooth™.
          Siemens SX1 review        
Symbian smartphone with stereo MP3 player and FM radio.
          Siemens SL55 review        
Slimline slide phone with plug-in camera.
          Los fiascos del ‘Made in Germany’        
La venerada imagen que tiene Alemania de ser un país eficiente y puntual y cuyo emblemático sello de exportación Made in Germany es aceptado en todo el planeta como garantía de calidad, sufrió un duro golpe el fin de semana pasado a causa de una saga digna de un filme de villanos que se creen muy astutos. Volkswagen, una de las joyas más preciadas de la gran industria alemana y que da empleo directo a unas 600.000 personas en todo el mundo, se vio obligado a admitir que había engañado a las autoridades medioambientales estadounidenses al instalar un refinado software que le permitía trucar las emisiones de gases tóxicos en varios modelos con motores diésel.

El escándalo, de consecuencias aún por definir, ya le costó el cargo al presidente de la junta ejecutiva del grupo, el venerado Martin Winterkorn, y amenaza con dejar sin trabajo a varios otros altos ejecutivos. Peor aún, el engaño dejó al desnudo que en la planta noble del consorcio, que tiene su sede en Wolfsburgo, se aprobaron estrategias con el objetivo de violar las reglamentaciones europeas y las rígidas leyes medioambientales en Estados Unidos, medidas fraudulentas para facilitar la venta de estos automóviles en un mercado reacio a los motores diésel.

El precio que deberá pagar Volkswagen por el engaño aun se desconoce, pero el escándalo revivió un aspecto poco conocido de la primera potencia económica de Europa. ¿Es Alemania un país corrupto y los ejecutivos forman una familia sin escrúpulos donde impera el lucro por encima de la honestidad? El interrogante no es gratuito y este aspecto poco conocido del país ha merecido en el pasado varias portadas de los medios más importantes, cuando se hicieron eco, o descubrieron, varios escándalos de corrupción protagonizados por firmas tan emblemáticas como Siemens, por bancos como el Deutsche Bank y el Commerzbank y también por las familias políticas y los sindicatos.

En 1982, el país se quedó sin aliento cuando la revista Der Spiegel descubrió que Friedrich Karl Flick, dueño del imperio privado más grande del país, había repartido decenas de millones de marcos entre los cuatro partidos políticos que tenían representación en el Bundestag, el SPD, la CDU, la CSU de Baviera y el pequeño partido Liberal (FDP), para obtener una exención fiscal para la venta de un paquete de acciones de Daimler Benz, valorado en 2.000 millones de marcos. “No puedo recordar nada sobre ese acontecimiento”, dijo Helmut Kohl ante una comisión parlamentaria que lo interrogó en 1984, una declaración que lo convirtió en el protagonista del primer ‘apagón’ de la política alemana. Su partido, la CDU, había recibido más de 16 millones de marcos.

La gran industria alemana se benefició hasta 1998 de un interesado vacío legal que le permitió pagar sobornos en medio planeta y desgravar de impuestos el dinero utilizado para obtener contratos. Este sistema permitió a Siemens, otra joya de la gran industria germana, expandirse con rapidez por los mercados en vías de desarrollo. En España, la empresa pagó comisiones millonarias y terminó creando una “caja negra” para seguir pagando sobornos después de que el Gobierno alemán tomara medidas para frenar estas prácticas.

En 2008, la empresa Siemens fue obligado a pagar una multa de unos 1.000 millones de dólares tras haber sido hallada culpable de haber cometido por más de 400 casos de soborno en casi todo el mundo. Un año más tarde otra empresa alemana, el fabricante de vehículos pesados MAN, actualmente filial de Volkswagen, fue condenada a pagar una multa de 150 millones de euros después de demostrarse en los tribunales que había pagado sobornos en Europa, África y Asia para vender camiones y autobuses.

La gran banca tampoco es ajena al síndrome de la corrupción en Alemania. En junio pasado, los dos presidentes del Deutsche Bank, la principal institución financiera, se vieron obligados a renunciar después de soportar un aluvión de críticas por un pecado cometido por la institución. El banco había sufrido una importante derrota legal ante los supervisores de Estados Unidos y Gran Bretaña que le obligaron a pagar una multa de 2.500 millones de dólares por haber manipulado durante cuatro años el precio del Libor, el Euribor y el Tibor, los tipos de interés que se aplican en Europa a los préstamos entre bancos.

Un mes antes, el Commerzbank había aceptado pagar una multa de 1.450 millones de dólares a las autoridades estadounidenses, tras reconocer que había realizado operaciones comerciales con dos países embargados, Irán y Sudán. La picaresca alemana no es nueva y varios expertos creen que la afición por el soborno, el engaño y las trampas, nació en 1949, cuando en el recién creado Bundestag se debía votar la capital provisional del país —Bonn o Fráncfort—. Varios parlamentarios recibieron la suma de 20.000 marcos para inclinar la decisión a favor de Bonn, la ciudad elegida por Konrad Adenauer.

La corrupción empresarial en Alemania también puso fin a la exitosa carrera política de varios importantes dirigentes alemanes y a uno de los más importantes líderes sindicales del país. En 1983, el ministro presidente del Estado libre de Baviera, Max Streibl, se vio obligado a renunciar cuando admitió que tenía muchos amigos en el mundo (la palabra “amigos” la pronunció en español). Uno de los amigos era Burkhardt Grob, un rico empresario que lo había invitado a pasar esplendidas vacaciones en Brasil. Como agradecimiento, el político bávaro autorizó varios encargos multimillonarios para el empresario “amigo”.

Ese mismo año le tocó el turno a Franz Steinkühler, el entonces presidente de sindicato IG Metall, el más grande y rico del mundo. El sindicalista y militante del SPD utilizó información privilegiada para especular en la Bolsa de Fráncfort. Gracias a su condición de miembro del Consejo de Vigilancia de Daimler Benz, Steinkühler se enteró con varios días de anticipación de la fusión de Mercedes AG Holding con Mercedes Benz y compró acciones por valor de un millón de marcos que le dejó un una jugosa ganancia, pero le costó el cargo.

Casos sonados

Siemens. En 2008, la empresa Siemens tuvo que pagar una multa de unos 1.000 millones de dólares por más de 400 casos de pagos de sobornos en todo el mundo.

MAN. El fabricante de vehículos, filial de Volkswagen, pagó en 2007 una multa de 150 millones de euros por pagar sobornos en Europa, África y Asia para vender camiones y autobuses.

Deutsche Bank. El banco fue multado este año con 2.500 millones de dólares por manipular los tipos de interés que se aplican a los préstamos.

Commerzbank. La entidad pagó 1.450 millones de dólares por transacciones con países bajo embargo.


Einsortiert unter:Architektur, Fotos
          Lowongan Kerja Siemens Indonesia November 2009        
Lowongan Kerja, Pekerjaan, Contoh Surat Lamaran Kerja, Perbankan, CPNS, Chevron, Kompas, Pertamina, Jobs, Career, Vacancy, November 2009.
          La francese Atos subentra in Slovacchia alle attività IT di Siemens        

Uno dei leader europei nel settore IT, la francese Atos, sta arrivando in Slovacchia dopo aver acquisito, con decisione dell’Assemblea straordinaria presa il 1° luglio, la Siemens IT Solutions and Services GmbH (holding che detiene tutte le attività IT di Siemens), . . . → Leggi

          Esteri di mer 07/05        
1-Ucraina: segnali positivi da Mosca: ..Putin chiede ai separatitsi russofoni di rinviare il referendum. Gli aggiornamenti di esteri...2-Siria: i ribelli si ritirano dalla città di homs. ..Da due anni la principale roccaforte dell'opposizione ..era assediata dalle truppe regolari. ..3-Vietnam, 60 anni la sconfitta della francia a Dien Bien Phu. Prima puntata. ( Marcello Lorrai) ..4-Alibaba sbarca a Wall Street: il colosso del commercio online cinese potrebbe superare la quotazione di 16 miliardi di dollari. ( Diana Santini) ..5-Germania: siemens annuncia cambiamenti radicali: ..più energia. A rischio 10 mila posti di lavoro. ..6-Progetti sostenibili: Bruxelle capitale degli edifici passivi. ( ) ..
          Opensource 3d CAD software        

Siemens just released a fully free (for students and individuals) 3D parametric modeling with their "Student version" of Solid Edge ST4.

I've been using the commercial version since 1996 and it rocks!

          Comment on Flying amoebae by Ferry Siemensma        
Good idea, I just was at the beach yesterday and got some samples there. So (sterilized) seawater is on my desk now! I also took some mosses from trees in the dunes. I'll let you know if something interesting is coming up.
          Comment on Flying amoebae by Ferry Siemensma        
I've found several times heliozoans in xerophile mosses on trees and roofs. They showed up after one or two days in wet mounts made from these samples. They must have been transported by air as cyst. Amazing how they can survey...
          Kommentar zu Siemens patcht aus der Ferne ausnutzbare Sicherheitslücke in medizinischen Geräten von Peter Marwan        
Hallo, danke für den Hinweis. Ist korrigiert. Peter Marwan Redaktion ZDNet
          Kommentar zu Siemens patcht aus der Ferne ausnutzbare Sicherheitslücke in medizinischen Geräten von Antiappler        
Ich vermute, dass eine Schachstelle schon eine üble Geschichte ist, wie z.B. die im "schwarzen" Block oben. Aber noch viel schlimmer stelle ich mir eine Schwachstelle vor. ;-)
          Siemens-Aktie: Markt übersieht Erholungspotenzial im Bereich Process Industries and Drives - Aktienanalyse        
Zürich ( - Siemens-Aktienanalyse von Analyst Markus Mittermaier von der UBS: Markus Mittermaier, Analyst der UBS, rät in einer aktuellen Aktienanalyse nach Quartalszahlen weiterhin zum Kauf der Aktie des Industriekonzerns Siemens AG (ISIN: DE0007236101, WKN: 723610, Ticker-Symbol: SIE, NASDAQ OTC-Symbol: SMAWF). [mehr]
          Siemens-Aktie: Relativ günstig bewertet - Kaufempfehlung - Aktienanalyse        
Unterschleissheim ( - Siemens-Aktienanalyse von Analyst Günther Hollfelder von der Baader Bank: Günther Hollfelder, Analyst der Baader Bank, rät in einer aktuellen Aktienanalyse weiterhin zum Kauf der Aktie des Industriekonzerns Siemens AG (ISIN: DE0007236101, WKN: 723610, Ticker-Symbol: SIE, NASDAQ OTC-Symbol: SMAWF), senkt aber das Kursziel von 140 auf 136 Euro. [mehr]
          Gépkezelő operátor munkakörbe keresünk munkatársat. | Feladatok: Főbb feladatok, munkák: SMT g...        
Gépkezelő operátor munkakörbe keresünk munkatársat. | Feladatok: Főbb feladatok, munkák: SMT gépek üzemeltetése, kezelése, karbantartása, futásfelügyelete és ellenőrzése A gyártás során felmerülő egyszerűbb hibák elhárítása, probléma esetén a felettes értesítése Siemens gépek ismerete előnyt jelent Az álláshoz tartozó elvárások: alapfokú elektronikai ismeretek középfokú végzettség számítógépes ismeretek gyártásban szerzett tapasztalat 2 műszakos munkarend vállalása Az állás betöltéséhez előnyt jelent: SMT tapasztalat Amit kínálunk: Jutalom Cafeteria: Egészségbiztosítás Szép- kártya Készpénz cafeteria Végzett pályakezdők jelentkezését is szívesesen fogadjuk! Fix bér+műszakpótlék Jelentkezés az állásra: Fényképes szakmai önéletrajz. | További infó és jelentkezés itt:
          PLC programozó Siemens, Omron PNY-4712 munkakörbe keresünk munkatársat. | Feladatok: Új, egyedi...        
PLC programozó Siemens, Omron PNY-4712 munkakörbe keresünk munkatársat. | Feladatok: Új, egyedi gépek PLC programozása; • Program koncepciók kialakítása; • Részvétel villamos tervek kidolgozásában; • Folyamatos fejlesztések.. | Elvárások: Felsőfokú műszaki végzettség; • Legalább 3-5 éves szakmai tapasztalat PLC programozásban Siemens, Omron; • ROBOT PROGRAMOZÁSBAN és kamera programozásban szerzett tapasztalat előny; • Beckhoff programozási ismeretek előny; • Angol vagy német nyelv ismerete; • Aktív gyakorlati tudás; • Megbízható, önálló és pontos munkavégzés; • Utazási hajlandóság, B kategóriás jogosítvány. | További infó és jelentkezés itt:
          Folyamatszabályozási mérnök munkakörbe keresünk munkatársat. | Feladatok: PLC programozás pl.: ...        
Folyamatszabályozási mérnök munkakörbe keresünk munkatársat. | Feladatok: PLC programozás pl.: Siemens, Omron, Mitsubishi készülékeken; • WinCC programozás; • folyamatszabályozási rendszerek hibaelhárításainak szoftveres támogatása; • berendezések üzembe helyezése; • a fenti feladatokhoz kapcsolódó dokumentációs feladatok elvégzése.. | Elvárások: villamosmérnök végzettsége van; • angol középszintű nyelvhasználattal bír; • szakmai informatikai ismeretekkel rendelkezik Hardware, villamos tervezői ismeretek; • önálló, precíz munkavégzés, kitartás, rugalmasság jellemzi. | További elvárások: egyéb Scada rendszerek ismerete pl.: iFix; • folyamairányító rendszerek ismerete pl.: ABB, DeltaV; • GMP vagy GLP környezet ismerete; • SAP ismeret; • B kategóriás jogosítvány | További infó és jelentkezés itt:
          Energy Efficiency News on 25 June 2012        

Energy efficiency programs earn governments more tax revenue ...
A new report says provinces that promote energy efficiency may forfeit some tax revenue from lower sales.
See all stories on this topic »

Energy savings reaped in NO
A year after the launch of its $11 million citywide energy-efficiency program, New Orleans officials and executives at Entergy New Orleans say the program has ...
See all stories on this topic »

PSE&G Lauded for Innovative Energy Efficiency Program for Hospitals
MarketWatch (press release)
PSE&G won in the innovation category for its $129 million hospital energy efficiency initiative, one of only four programs in the U.S. that specifically targets ...
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Denmark Pushes Through First-Ever EU Energy Efficiency Law
With the clock running out on its EU presidency, Denmark achieved on June 13 one of the chief aims of its six months in control of the European agenda.
See all stories on this topic »


Food energy savings to reduce carbon footprint
ABC Online
One million dollars worth of refrigeration and lighting upgrades are about to start in regional NSW at the southern hemisphere's most modern dairying cut, pack ...
See all stories on this topic »

ABC Online

Summer Energy Saving Tips From USA Insulation Include Adding ...
MarketWatch (press release)
A properly insulated and sealed home increases energy efficiency, comfort, and can reduce annual energy usage by as much as 30-50 percent. CLEVELAND ...
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Energy efficiency yields tax dollars: study
MetroNews Canada
OTTAWA – A new report says provinces that promote energy efficiency may forfeit some tax revenue from lower sales of fuel and electricity, but will make up for ...
See all stories on this topic »

Saving energy
Chicago Tribune
In 2009, commercial buildings in the U.S. were found to be responsible for 18.9 percent of the total U.S. energy consumption and 19 percent of our nation's ...
See all stories on this topic »

Siemens Systems Serve Up Energy Savings For Red Robin ...
MarketWatch (press release)
As a result of this successful implementation, energy consumption in EMS-controlled locations is down 9 to 15 percent, driving a significant energy savings for ...
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Aggressive Energy Efficiency Goals Are Transforming the Building ...
Business Wire (press release)
Aggressive energy efficiency goals within the building stock will drive revolutionary change in building automation systems and transform the building.
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Green energy saving environment, money
Middletown Journal
Home and business owners who have adopted solar power as an alternative energy source have found the devices are not only helping reduce their carbon footprints ...
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Nicor Gas Energy Efficiency Program Teams Up With Chicago Fire ...
MarketWatch (press release)
Nicor Gas Energy Efficiency Program provides rebates and incentives to help businesses and residents save energy and money. Eligible customers gain the ...
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Aggressive Energy Efficiency Goals Are Transforming the Building ...
MarketWatch (press release)
According to a recent report from Pike Research, aggressive energy efficiency goals within the building stock -- which is undergoing tremendous growth, ...
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Ameresco to Implement $3.7 Million in Energy Efficiency ...
MarketWatch (press release)
As part of the ESPC, Ameresco will construct and implement $3.7 million in energy efficiency measures at 22 facilities town-wide. Once complete, the measures ...
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LG Electronics Expands HVAC Training Series Across US To ...
MarketWatch (press release)
Widely adopted across Europe and Asia, VRF technology provides greater energy efficiency and cost savings compared with traditional HVAC systems.
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New efficiency standards for clothes washers, dishwashers
Sacramento Bee
New energy-efficiency standards for residential clothes washers and dishwashers were announced by the U.S. Energy Department.
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GSMA Green Manifesto Shows Network Efficiency Can Lead To ...
MarketWatch (press release)
The report used data and analysis from the GSMA's Mobile Energy Efficiency Benchmarking (MEE) service to calculate both the energy costs and the CO(2)e ...
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As Heat Wave Ushers In Summer, Energy Efficiency Can Cut Cost of ...
MarketWatch (press release)
"Simple energy efficiency steps can make your home more comfortable while also easing the strain on your budget," says Alliance President Kateri Callahan.
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Purdue students stress home's energy efficiency
Journal and Courier
Purdue students give tours of their Deep Energy Retrofit home.
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Community News for June 21, 2012
Utica Observer Dispatch
UTICA. Energy efficiency workshop offered. UNHS NeighborWorks HomeOwnership Center will offer the final workshop in its first Conscious Communities ...
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Reducing energy use in production agriculture
Running a farm takes a lot of energy—in more ways than one. In 2009, Minnesota's 81000 farms spent more than $700 million on transportation fuel and an ...
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Cool your house in the summer with ceiling fans, energy-efficient ...
Fox News
While Americans can expect record hot weather this summer, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, there are ways to cool down ...
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Keeping your home energy efficient in hot weather
With temperatures heading into the 90s, National Grid offers tips for summertime energy efficiency.
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Freescale Debuts Kinetis L Series, World's Most Energy-Efficient ...
MarketWatch (press release)
"Kinetis L series MCUs are ideal for the new wave of connected applications, combining the required energy efficiency, low price, development ease and small ...
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Vigilent Sweeps Higher Education Energy Efficiency and ...
MarketWatch (press release)
EL CERRITO, Calif., Jun 19, 2012 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- Vigilent(R), the leader in intelligent energy management(TM) systems, today announced that both the ...
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National Grid offers summertime energy efficiency tips
Fall River Herald News
Summer is officially here, and temperatures are already rising. So will home energy usage in most households throughout the region. Whether you are spending ...
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DOE Funds Energy Efficiency Training Centers
Training programs will be created to give building operators the skills they need to optimize energy efficiency.
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Alfa Laval Wins SEK 60 Million Energy-Efficiency Order in South Korea
MarketWatch (press release)
"It proves our ability to meet the high demands for energy efficient products in the refinery business." Did you know... that one Alfa Laval Packinox heat ...
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Berkeley Co. school awarded gold star for energy efficiency
The Herald-Mail
Spring Mills Primary School - Berkeley County's first “green” school - was awarded gold certification through the Leadership in Energy and Environmental ...
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Google touts energy efficiency as another Google Apps benefit
ZDNet (blog)
In its official blog, the cloud service giant says it could reduce power consumption associated with running productivity apps by between 65 percent a.
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ZDNet (blog)

Moving Beyond Energy Efficiency to Sustainability
A joint program of the EPA and DOE started in 1992, ENERGY STAR promotes energy efficient products and practices that help save money and protect the ...
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LG Electronics Expands HVAC Training Series Across U.S. To ...
PR Newswire (press release)
LG Electronics Expands HVAC Training Series Across U.S. To Support Energy-Efficient VRF Technology Education. In-market training events covering higher ...
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East Lycoming approves energy savings project
Williamsport Sun-Gazette
HUGHESVILLE — The East Lycoming School Board approved a guaranteed energy savings program at Tuesday night's meeting to be implemented for the...
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Local lawmakers join utility to tout energy efficiency programs
Peoria Journal Star
The best way to conserve energy this summer is to use less of it. That's the simple advice state Sen. David Koehler, D-Peoria, espoused Wednesday as the ...
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Bay Wide Properties Manages Energy Efficiency with Vista Solar ...
Houston Chronicle
Bay Wide Properties partnered with Vista Solar to install a 54kW solar system on their Silicon Valley retail building, creating a more energy efficient building for ...
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Auto Dealer Association Studies Energy Use, Aims for Energy Star ...
Environmental Leader
The National Automobile Dealers Association has launched an online energy usage survey as part of a national effort to understand consumption trends, with an ...
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Environmental Leader

Make Pennsylvania more energy efficient
Pittsburgh Post Gazette
Pennsylvania lawmakers passed a measure in 2008 known as Act 129 that was aimed at curtailing energy demand, creating jobs and reducing pollution.
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PSE Offering Discounts on Energy-Saving LED Bulbs
The utility company says the average household can save $150 a year by replacing the 25 most frequently used lights in the home with LED bulbs.
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Cutting energy use by adopting automation
Utility Products
FROM carmakers to textile plants, China's factories are introducing automation and advanced energy-saving devices into their production lines as rising wages ...
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Imperial Irrigation District urges customers take it easy with energy ...
Imperial Valley Press
The Imperial Irrigation District is encouraging customers to take it easy this summer on their energy use to save money, stay cool and help promote electrical ...
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Redwood Systems woos app developers for energy-efficiency platform
ZDNet (blog)
Occupancy data collected by Redwood's lighting management platform can now be used in broader space utilization or energy-reduction applications.
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Intel: High-Performance and Energy-Efficient Server Deployments ...
X-bit Labs
Intel Reveals Atom "Avoton" for Micro-Servers Due Next Year.
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X-bit Labs

Energy Efficiency Project Launched to Assist SMEs
Government of Jamaica, Jamaica Information Service
The Development Bank of Jamaica (DBJ), in partnership with the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), has launched an energy efficiency project targeted at ...
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Malloy touts energy efficiency
Westfair Online
Dannel P. Malloy sees it, Connecticut can soon recover the once-lofty reputation for energy efficiency it has since ceded to California and Massachusetts.
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          Esquemas Típicos de Proteccion        

Me he encontrado con este interesante documento que muestra algunos esquemas típicos de protección, claro... todo usando una marca pero puede dar una idea de como implementarlo.

          Episode 216: ControlTalk NOW — Smart Buildings VideoCast|PodCast for Week Ending Feb 26, 2017 - honeywell – ControlTrends        
Episode 216: ControlTalk NOW — Smart Buildings VideoCast|PodCast for week ending Feb 26, 2017 features our Hollywood Moments video highlights from the 2016 ControlTrends Awards; CTN Interview with’s editor Therese Sullivan; Honeywell’s Larry Weber and Roger Rebennack at AHR Expo 2017; Siemens’ 2016 ControlTrends Awards celebration — BT300 wins VFD of the Year; Cyber […]
          Radiation Therapist - (Salinas)        
PURPOSE: The Radiation Therapist coordinates, plans, and administers high quality and comprehensive age/disease appropriate radiotherapy to oncology patients of all age groups by utilizing equipment, computers, and established techniques to ensureapositive patient experience. Demonstrating radiation safety standards with patient and staff members is essential while following the code of ethics and practice standards set by the ASRT and ARRT. ESSENTIAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Depending on the location, the Radiation Therapist must be able to work proficiently with all types of Varian, Siemens, and TomoTherapy machines utilizing the latest treatment techniques including 3D Conformal, IMRT, IGRT, SRS/SBRT, and brachytherapy procedures Manage scheduling of all areas to include simulation and treatment Ensure pre-treatment field checks are completed in a timely manner Access patients needs and use good judgment for requesting medical attention Coordinate all aspects of treatment with different departments to include Physician/Physics/Dosimetry Implement suggestions or changes as needed MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED: Hold a current state license in good standing ARRT Registered Technologist Hold current CPR certification Ability to work independently High confidence level Excellent patient care skills Excellent communication skills Ability to understand dosimetry plans and calculations Excellent computer skills related to basic office, record/verify and EMR Must be able to travel to alternate office locations as needed EDUCATION/EXPERIENCE REQUIRED: Graduate of an approved school of radiation therapy Extensive CT/Simulation experience in all areas of radiation therapy to include brachytherapy and immobilization fabrication Experience with clinical set ups and contours PHYSICAL DEMANDS: Balancing: Yes Carrying: Yes Crawling: No Climbing: No Crouching: Yes Grasping: Yes Kneeling: Yes Lifting: Yes Pulling: Yes Sitting: Yes Standing: Yes Seeing: Yes JOB DESCRIPTION CLAUSE: The statements herein are intended to describe the general nature and level of work being performed by employees, and are not to be construed as an exhaustive list of responsibilities, duties, and skills required of personnel so classified.
          Radiation Therapist - (Salinas)        
PURPOSE: The Radiation Therapist coordinates, plans, and administers high quality and comprehensive age/disease appropriate radiotherapy to oncology patients of all age groups by utilizing equipment, computers, and established techniques to ensureapositive patient experience. Demonstrating radiation safety standards with patient and staff members is essential while following the code of ethics and practice standards set by the ASRT and ARRT. ESSENTIAL DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES: Depending on the location, the Radiation Therapist must be able to work proficiently with all types of Varian, Siemens, and TomoTherapy machines utilizing the latest treatment techniques including 3D Conformal, IMRT, IGRT, SRS/SBRT, and brachytherapy procedures Manage scheduling of all areas to include simulation and treatment Ensure pre-treatment field checks are completed in a timely manner Access patients needs and use good judgment for requesting medical attention Coordinate all aspects of treatment with different departments to include Physician/Physics/Dosimetry Implement suggestions or changes as needed MINIMUM QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED: Hold a current state license in good standing ARRT Registered Technologist Hold current CPR certification Ability to work independently High confidence level Excellent patient care skills Excellent communication skills Ability to understand dosimetry plans and calculations Excellent computer skills related to basic office, record/verify and EMR Must be able to travel to alternate office locations as needed EDUCATION/EXPERIENCE REQUIRED: Graduate of an approved school of radiation therapy Extensive CT/Simulation experience in all areas of radiation therapy to include brachytherapy and immobilization fabrication Experience with clinical set ups and contours PHYSICAL DEMANDS: Balancing: Yes Carrying: Yes Crawling: No Climbing: No Crouching: Yes Grasping: Yes Kneeling: Yes Lifting: Yes Pulling: Yes Sitting: Yes Standing: Yes Seeing: Yes JOB DESCRIPTION CLAUSE: The statements herein are intended to describe the general nature and level of work being performed by employees, and are not to be construed as an exhaustive list of responsibilities, duties, and skills required of personnel so classified.
          SÃ¥ började det        
Jag började kika på att göra om på bloggen, byta format. Nytt är kul..! Jag visste dock inte hur det skulle se ut med sidpanelen så jag passar på att här i ett inlägg fånga upp texten om hur allt började när Natalie föddes.

Natalie föddes pÃ¥ Östra Sjukhuset i Göteborg den 11:e mars 2009. Förlossningen var jobbig och jag skickades upp pÃ¥ operation en stund efter att hon kommit ut. Vi hann innan dess glädjande nog att konstatera att hon sÃ¥g frisk ut, sÃ¥ skönt! 

TvÃ¥ dagar senare satt vi i korridoren pÃ¥ BB och väntade pÃ¥ att bli utskrivna när vi hittade en liten vätskefylld blÃ¥sa pÃ¥ ett finger. Läkare tillkallades och hon misstänkte efter en undersökning den obotliga hudsjukdomen Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) och vi skrevs inte ut utan överfördes till Neonatalavdelningen. 

En hudbiopsi togs dÃ¥ Natalie var en vecka gammal, den skickades till Tyskland och omkring 10 dagar senare fick vi bekräftat att det var dystrofisk EB. LÃ¥ngt senare, gissningsvis 6 mÃ¥nader senare, fick vi veta att hennes variant pÃ¥ dystrofisk heter Hallopeau-Siemens vilket är den svÃ¥raste typen av dystrofisk. Hudbipsin som togs testades och gav inget utslag alls pÃ¥ Kollagen 7 vilket innebär att ämnet saknas helt eller att det finns mycket lite av det. 

Ytterligare en tid senare fick vi lite mer information om själva genfelet. Den muterade gen hon ärvt av mig är en känd mutation som ger svÃ¥r EB. Den hon ärvt av Darko är ej dokumenterad sedan tidigare men man kan se att den pÃ¥minner lite om en annan känd dominant mutation som brukar ge mycket mildare EB. VÃ¥r förhoppning är att dessa tvÃ¥ genfel är sÃ¥ olika att de "kompletterar" varandra sÃ¥ pass att hennes EB ändÃ¥ inte ska bli av svÃ¥raste tänkbara dystrofiska form. Men det är ett rent önsketänkande sÃ¥ klart och ingen professor, läkare eller genetiker kan sia om Natalies framtid. 

Vi lever pÃ¥ hoppet! Vi vill tro att det ska gÃ¥ bra för Natalie, att hennes framÃ¥tanda och vÃ¥r dagliga kamp mot blÃ¥sor och sÃ¥r ska ta henne lÃ¥ngt här i livet trots den dystra diagnosen. 

          For sale - Siemens ed43B040L Circuit Breaker 3 pole 40 amp 480... - $100        

Rigby 83442, ID, United States
Siemens ed43B040L Circuit Breaker 3 pole 40 amp 480 volt Thank you for shopping with Select breakersterms and helpful info: Shipping: We usually ship within 1 business day of cleared payment. Most items ship same day. We ship via usps and ups and Fedex Freight. If you are purchasing an item that will be shipping freight, please be sure ...

          Siemens To Install Situational Awareness And Operational Management At LAX        

Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA) has selected Siemens to design and build an integrated operational flow visualization and management solution to support Los Angeles International Airport

          â€žTele2“ modernizavo visą 3G tinklą Lietuvoje        

Lietuvos mobiliojo ryšio lyderė „Tele2“ gruodį užbaigė viso 3G (UMTS) tinklo modernizavimą. Atnaujinimo darbai užtikrino geresnę ryšio kokybę ir spartesnį mobilųjį internetą 70 proc. šalies teritorijos. Be to, atnaujintas tinklas bendrovei ateityje leis be didelių papildomų kaštų pasiÅ«lyti ketvirtosios kartos (4G) ryšÄ¯.

Tinklo atnaujinimą „Tele2“ vykdė nuo 2012 m. balandžio. Per tą laiką bendrovė atnaujino per 600 bazinių 3G ryšio stočių, didžiuosius Lietuvos miestus sujungė nauju, 10 Gbps magistraliniu ryšio tinklu bei atnaujino klientų duomenų bazių valdymo įrangą.

„Pusantrų metų darbo rezultatas – visiškai naujos kartos tinklas, kuris ne tik atitinka pažangiausius reikalavimus, bet ir leis mums sutaupyti ateityje. Tai reiškia, kad ir toliau teiksime kokybiškas paslaugas už geriausią kainą“, – atliktus darbus komentavo Valerijus Kovzanas, „Tele2” technikos direktorius.

Pasak jo, vartotojai jau pajuto atnaujinto tinklo privalumus: nuo tinklo atnaujinimo pradžios išsiunčiamų ir atsisiunčiamų duomenų dalis išaugo net tris kartus.

100 proc. atnaujintos „Tele2“ 3G bazinės stotys leido bendrovei pereiti prie naujos kartos IP protokolu pagrįsto tinklo veikimo principo. BÅ«tent IP protokolu yra pagrįstos 4G ryšio technologijos, todėl bendrovei nereikės papildomų didelių investicijų rengiantis teikti šią paslaugą.

Nauja įranga taip pat užtikrina didesnę „Tele2“ ryšio aprėptį ir signalo kokybę. Ä®renginiai yra kompaktiškesni ir naudoja 25 proc. mažiau elektros energijos nei ankstesnieji. Bendrovė taip pat tęsia ir plačiausio Lietuvoje – 2G (GSM) – tinklo atnaujinimą. Šiuo metu modernizuota 85 proc. „Tele2“ 2G bazinių stočių.

Moderniausią tinklo ir programinę įrangą bei jų diegimo paslaugas „Tele2” tiekia vienas šios srities lyderių pasaulyje „Nokia Siemens Networks“.

Bendrovės „RAIT“ 2013 m. rugsėjo mėn. atliktos apklausos duomenimis, „Tele2“ yra populiariausias ir labiausiai rekomenduojamas operatorius Lietuvoje. Beveik pusė apklausos dalyvių teigė, kad naudojasi „Tele2“ paslaugomis.

Daugiau informacijos
Andrius Baranauskas, „Tele2“ korporacinės komunikacijos direktorius Baltijos šalims 
mob. +370 683 66319, el. paštas:

          â€žTele2“ baigė ryÅ¡io tinklo atnaujinimą Vilniuje        

Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ atnaujino ryšio tinklą visame Vilniaus mieste ir rajone. 

Nauja įranga ir technologijos veikia visose 170 „Tele2“ bazinių stočių Vilniaus mieste ir rajone. Modernizavimas atliktas sklandžiai, vartotojai nepatogumų nepatyrė.

„Tinklo atnaujinimo naudą pajus vartotojai. Ryšio paslaugų kokybė bus geresnė, o eksploatavimo kaštai mažesni. Aukštos kokybės paslaugas galėsime teikti už mažą kainą, taip pat siÅ«lysime naujų 4G ryšio duomenų perdavimo paslaugų“, – sakė Valerijus Kovzan, „Tele2“ technikos direktorius.

Atnaujinta įranga užtikrina 10-15 proc. didesnę „Tele2“ ryšio aprėptį ir signalo kokybę. Ä®renginiai taip pat ekologiškesni – jie kompaktiškesni ir naudoja 25 proc. mažiau elektros energijos.

Šiuo metu bazinės stotys taip pat atnaujintos dar 17 savivaldybių: AnykšÄių r., Elektrėnų, Ignalinos r., Kelmės r., Molėtų r., Pagėgių, Raseinių r., Rokiškio r., Šalčininkų r., Širvintų r., Švenčionių r., Tauragės r., Trakų r., Ukmergės r., Utenos r., Visagino ir Zarasų rajono.

„Tele2” tinkle modernizavimas buvo pradėtas prieš metus ir vyksta visoje Lietuvoje. Atnaujinant tinklą keičiamos 2G (GSM) ryšio tinklo bazinės stotys ir atnaujinamos 3G (UMTS) tinklo stotys. 

Jau įvyko vienas svarbiausių tinklo modernizavimo etapų – pakeista pagrindinė „Tele2” tinklo įranga, pereita prie naujos kartos IP protokolu pagrįsto tinklo veikimo principo. Tai leis teikti 4G ryšio, grįsto LTE technologija, paslaugas.

Moderniausią tinklo ir programinę įrangą bei jų diegimo paslaugas „Tele2” tiekia vienas šios srities lyderių pasaulyje „Nokia Siemens Networks“.

„Tele2” ryšio tinklas 2011-2012 m. Lietuvoje plėtėsi sparčiausiai. Vien per tris šių metų mėnesius bendrovė įrengė ir atnaujino 241 bazinę stotį. 

„Tele2” pirmauja pagal 2G (GSM) ryšio aprėptį, turi antrą didžiausią 3G (UMTS) tinklą ir teikia 4G (LTE) spartaus mobiliojo interneto paslaugas.

Bendrovės „RAIT“ 2013 m. vasario mėn. atliktos apklausos duomenimis, „Tele2“ yra populiariausias ir labiausiai rekomenduojamas operatorius Lietuvoje. Beveik pusė apklausos dalyvių teigė, kad naudojasi „Tele2“ paslaugomis.

Daugiau informacijos 
Andrius Baranauskas, „Tele2“ korporacinės komunikacijos direktorius Baltijos šalims
mob. +370 683 66319, el. paštas:

          â€žTele2“ atnaujino pagrindinę savo ryÅ¡io tinklo įrangą        
Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ atnaujino klientų duomenų bazių valdymo įrangą. Pakeitimai leis bendrovei teikti 4G ryšio, grįsto LTE technologija, paslaugas. Be to, „Tele2” ryšio tinklas veiks dar patikimiau, sumažės sutrikimų tikimybė. 

Investicija į pagrindinės tinklo įrangos atnaujinimą viršijo 5 mln. litų. Tai – dalis praėjusiais metais pradėto „Tele2” tinklo modernizavimo.

„Atnaujinimas reiškia aukštesnę ryšio paslaugų kokybę ir naujas galimybes vartotojams. Galėsime pradėti teikti 4G ryšio paslaugas, o visos kitos paslaugos veiks patikimiau. Ä®rangos atnaujinimas taip pat leis sumažinti eksploatacijos kaštus, todėl ir ateityje galėsime klientams siÅ«lyti mažas kainas“, – sakė Valerij Kovzan, „Tele2“ technikos direktorius.

Pasak jo, atliktas atnaujinimas yra vienas svarbiausių tinklo modernizavimo etapų. Jis įgyvendintas labai sklandžiai, vartotojai nepatogumų nepatyrė.

Atnaujinta įranga naudojama klientų duomenų bazių saugojimui ir sklandžiam jų duomenų srautų valdymui. Ji užtikrina, kad skambučiai ir žinutės pasiekia reikalingus adresatus.

„Tele2“ tęsia praėjusiais metais pradėtą tinklo modernizavimą, kuris padidins bendrovės teikiamų paslaugų kokybę, sumažins tinklo diegimo ir eksploatavimo kaštus, be to, naujoji tinklo įranga bus taupesnė ir ekologiškesnė. Atnaujinant tinklą bus visiškai pakeistos 2G (GSM) ryšio tinklo bazinės stotys, atnaujintos 3G (UMTS) tinklo stotys ir tinklo įranga. 

Naujos stotys ir kita įranga užtikrins 10-15 proc. didesnę „Tele2“ ryšio aprėptį ir signalo kokybę, bet įrenginiai yra kompaktiškesni ir jų reikia mažiau. Naujoji įranga taip pat naudoja 25 proc. mažiau elektros energijos. 

Moderniausią tinklo ir programinę įrangą bei jų diegimo paslaugas „Tele2” tiekia vienas šios srities lyderių pasaulyje „Nokia Siemens Networks“.

„Tele2“ GSM tinklą sudaro 930 bazinių stočių, UMTS (3G) tinklą – 525 bazinės stotys. Abu tinklai yra antri pagal dydį Lietuvoje. Per praėjusius metus bendrovė pakeitė ir atnaujino 350 bazinių stočių.
Daugiau informacijos 
Andrius Baranauskas, „Tele2“ korporacinės komunikacijos direktorius Baltijos šalims
mob. +370 683 66319, el. paštas:
          â€žTele2“ ryÅ¡io tinklo įrangą keis modernesne ir taupesne        
Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ pradėjo mobiliojo ryšio modernizavimą. Atnaujinimas leis padidinti bendrovės teikiamų paslaugų kokybę, sumažinti tinklo diegimo ir eksploatavimo kaštus, be to, naujoji tinklo įranga bus taupesnė ir ekologiškesnė. Kartu atnaujinimas leis pasirengti numatomoms teikti ketvirtosios kartos (4G) ryšio, grįsto LTE technologija, paslaugoms.

„Sukursime naujos kartos tinklą – tai padarę klientams teiksime dar kokybiškesnes paslaugas ir toliau mažinsime ryšio kainas. Modernaus tinklo aprėptis bus didesnė, signalo kokybė geresnė, o eksploatacija pigesnė. Suprantama, dėl to laimės klientai, kurie aukštesnės kokybės paslaugas gaus mažiausiomis kainomis“, – sakė Petras Masiulis, „Tele2“ generalinis direktorius.

Modernizuojant „Tele2“ tinklą bus visiškai pakeistos 2G (GSM) ryšio tinklo bazinės stotys, atnaujintos 3G (UMTS) tinklo stotys ir tinklo įranga. „Tele2“ pereis prie naujos kartos IP protokolu pagrįsto tinklo veikimo principo, tai leis teikti 4G paslaugas. Pastarąsias bendrovė pasiÅ«lys gavusi Ryšių reguliavimo tarnybos (RRT) licenciją naudotis 2,6 Ghz dažnių ruožu.

„Tele2“ mobiliojo ryšio ir duomenų perdavimo tinklai yra tuo pat metu atnaujinami Lietuvoje, Latvijoje ir Estijoje. Tinklo ir programinę įrangą bei jų diegimo paslaugas visoms trims šalims tiekia vienas šios srities lyderių pasaulyje „Nokia Siemens Networks“. Vieningai visose Baltijos šalyse įgyvendinamas modernizavimas leidžia „Tele2“ išnaudoti masto ekonomijos efektą ir dar labiau sumažinti kaštus.

„Mobiliojo ryšio operatoriams svarbu atnaujinti savo tinklus, kad jie atitiktų pačių pažangiausių technologijų – 4G ryšio – poreikius. Tai taip pat leidžia sumažinti įrangos priežiÅ«ros ir naujų paslaugų diegimo išlaidas. Kuriamas naujas vieningas tinklas bus lankstus, taupus, atitiks šiandieninius ir busimos plėtros poreikius. Tinklo apkrovos bus valdomos realiu laiku, to naudą pajus ir vartotojai, – sakė „Nokia Siemens Networks“ generalinis direktorius Lietuvoje Ignas Latovas.

Ä®rengiamos naujos bazinės stotys ir tinklo įranga užtikrins 10-15 proc. didesnę „Tele2“ ryšio aprėptį ir signalo kokybę, bet įrenginiai bus kompaktiškesni ir jų reikės mažiau. 

Naujosios bazinės stotys taip pat naudos 25 proc. mažiau elektros energijos. Tai dar labiau sumažins tinklo eksploatavimo kaštus ir poveikį aplinkai.

Investicinio banko „GILD Bankers“ 2011 m. sudarytame vertingiausių Lietuvos bendrovių sąraše „Tele2“ pripažinta vertingiausia šalies mobiliojo ryšio bendrove. „Tele2“ pernai buvo didžiausia mokesčių mokėtoja ITT sektoriuje. Bendrovės „RAIT“ kovo mėn. atliktos apklausos duomenimis, „Tele2“ yra populiariausias ir labiausiai rekomenduojamas operatorius Lietuvoje. Beveik pusė apklausos dalyvių teigė, kad naudojasi „Tele2“ paslaugomis.

Ryšių reguliavimo tarnybos tyrimo duomenimis, „Tele2“ 2G ir 3G ryšio tinklai yra antri Lietuvoje pagal aprėptį. Bendrovės mobiliojo ryšio tinklo aprėptis – beveik visa Lietuva, 98,1 proc. „Tele2“ GSM tinklą sudaro 870 bazinės stotys, UMTS (3G) tinklą – 428 bazinių stočių.

Daugiau informacijos:
Andrius Baranauskas, „Tele2“ korporacinės komunikacijos direktorius Baltijos šalims
mob. +370 683 66319, el. paštas:
          Naujas Lietuvos greitojo SMS raÅ¡ymo rekordas – 51 sekundė        
Vos 51,63 sekundės užtruko 17-metė moksleivė Marija Dagytė rašydama 151 simbolio SMS žinutę lietuviškais rašmenimis. Savaitgalį Vilniuje, „Siemens“ arenoje, vykusiame PILDYK SMS lenktynių finale Vilnietė aplenkusi 47 varžovus, pagerino Lietuvos greitojo SMS rašymo rekordą. Naujas pasiekimas bus įtrauktas į agentÅ«ros „Factum“ pildomą Lietuvos rekordų knygą.

Nugalėtoja apdovanota 10 tÅ«kstančių litų vertės čekiu, 500 litų PILDYK sąskaitos papildymu ir mobiliuoju telefonu „Nokia N79“. M. Dagytė laimėtą pinigų sumą planuoja skirti mokslams Jungtinėse Amerikos Valstijose. Dešimtokė mokytis už Atlanto kitais metais vyks pagal moksleivių mainų programą. PILDYK SMS lenktynės Lietuvoje surengtos jau antrą kartą.

„Šiųmetiniame SMS lenktynių finale netrÅ«ko azarto ir noro nugalėti – visi dalyviai siekė tik pergalės. Džiaugiamės sudominę jaunimą lietuvybę skatinančia pramoga – šÄ¯met varžybų atrankos turnyruose dalyvavo daugiau nei penki tÅ«kstančiai moksleivių iš visos Lietuvos“, – sakė Renata Bernotaitė, „Pildyk“ prekės ženklo vadovė.

Antrąją vietą užėmusi ir 500 litų „Pildyk“ sąskaitos papildymą gavusi Modesta Žemgulytė iš Klaipėdos nuo nugalėtojos atsiliko vos puse sekundės – SMS žinutę parašÄ— per 52,13 sekundės. 60,07 sekundžių užtruko trečiosios vietos nugalėtojas tauragiškis Gediminas Vaičaitis, apdovanotas 300 litų „Pildyk“ sąskaitos papildymo apdovanojimu. Prizinių vietų laimėtojams taip pat įteiktos SMS lenktynių laureatų taurės, o visiems finalo dalyviams – atminimo dovanėles. Nugalėtojams apdovanojimus įteikė „Pildyk“ herojai: Erika, Braškė, Ozzy, Gabbana ir Mobis.

SMS finale lenktynių dalyviai lietuviškais rašmenimis rašÄ— šÄ¯ tekstą: „Ančiasnapis – tai monotipinės ančiasnapių genties žinduolis. Tai unikalus Australijos žemyno gyvÅ«nas, turintis panašÅ³ į anties snapą, plėvėtas kojas ir panašią į bebro uodegą“. Už kiekvieną klaidą – nepadėtą kablelį, tašką, praleistą ar neteisingai parašytą raidę – buvo pridedamos baudos sekundės, todėl tekstą reikėjo rinkti itin atidžiai.

Antrus metus iš eilės tÅ«kstančiai moksleivių SMS lenktynėse rungėsi 48 Lietuvos miestuose. Ä® finalinį etapą pateko po vieną atrankiniuose turnyruose geriausią rezultatą pasiekusį moksleivį. Daugiausiai finale buvo vilniečių ir klaipėdiečių – jų varžėsi po tris. Antrankiniams etapams tekstus, susijusius su Lietuvos tÅ«kstantmečiu, paruošÄ— Lietuvių kalbos institutas.

Lietuvių kalbą vartoti šiuolaikinėse technologijose telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ kviečia kartu su Lietuvių kalbos institutu, visuomeniniu projektu „Drąsinkime ateitį“ bei projektą palaikančia Švietimo ir mokslo ministerija.

Dėl papildomos informacijos prašome kreiptis: 
Andrius Baranauskas
ViešÅ³jų ryšių vadovas, "Tele2"
Mob. tel. +370 683 66319
El. paštas
          Savaitgalį PILDYK SMS lenktynių finalistai sieks naujo SMS raÅ¡ymo rekordo        
ŠÄ¯ šeštadienį Vilniuje, „Siemens“ arenoje, vyks jau antrą kartą Lietuvoje rengiamų PILDYK SMS lenktynių finalas. Finalinės rungtynės vyks Paskutinio skambučio šventėje, kurioje dalyvaus žinomi atlikėjai ir išskirtiniai svečiai.

Dėl čempiono vardo rungsis 48 greičiausiai SMS rašantys moksleiviai iš visos Lietuvos, o geriausią rezultatą pasieksiantis moksleivis pretenduos įsiamžinti Lietuvos rekordų knygoje. Praėjusiais metais vykusių varžybų metu tai pavyko kėdainiškiui Arijui Šukiui, SMS žinutę nusiuntusiam per 1 min. 4,84 s – šis rezultatas tapo oficialiu Lietuvos rekordu.

„Viliamės, kad šiųmetiniame PILDYK SMS lenktynių finale bus užfiksuotas ir į šalies rekordų knygą įrašytas dar geresnis pasiekimas. Kova turėtų bÅ«ti įtempta, nes atrankiniuose turuose net trys moksleiviai viršijo dabartinį greitojo SMS rašymo rekordą“, – sakė Renata Bernotaitė, „Pildyk“ prekės ženklo vadovė.

Iki šiol atrankiniuose etapuose geriausią rezultatą pasiekė Vilniaus Užupio gimnazijos moksleivė Marija Dagytė, SMS žinutę parašiusi per 57 sekundes. Nuo jos nedaug atsiliko Klaipėdos „Baltijos“ vidurinės mokyklos moksleivė Modesta Žemgulytė (1 min. 2 sek.) ir Šilutės 1-osios gimnazijos atstovė Aurelija Rogaitė (1 min. 3 sek.).

Šiemetinėse balandžio-gegužės mėnesiais vykusiose SMS lenktynių atrankos varžybose iš viso rungėsi per 5 tÅ«kstančius moksleivių iš visos Lietuvos. Aktyviausi buvo vilniečiai ir klaipėdiečiai – šeštadienį finale jų dalyvaus po tris. Ä® finalą iškopė po vieną geriausiai savo miesto mokykloje pasirodžiusį moksleivį.

Dėl greičiausiojo titulo finalistai varžysis rašydami tekstą: „Ančiasnapis – tai monotipinės ančiasnapių genties žinduolis. Tai unikalus Australijos žemyno gyvÅ«nas, turintis panašÅ³ į anties snapą, plėvėtas kojas ir panašią į bebro uodegą“.

Siekdami geriausio rezultato, dalyviai privalės rašyti be klaidų – už praleistą ar klaidingai parašytą raidę, nepadėtą tašką ar kablelį bus pridedamos papildomos sekundės. Taip moksleiviai skatinami rašyti taisyklinga lietuvių kalba, o PILDYK SMS lenktynėse siekiama pabrėžti tÅ«kstantmetės lietuvybės tradicijos, jaunimo kultÅ«ros ir šiuolaikinių technologijų darną.

PILDYK SMS lenktynių nugalėtojas bus apdovanotas 10 tÅ«kstančių litų čekiu, 500 litų vertės „Pildyk“ sąskaitos papildymu ir mobiliuoju telefonu „Nokia N79“. Antrąją ir trečiąją vietas užėmusiems dalyviams atiteks 500 litų ir 300 litų vertės „Pildyk“ sąskaitos papildymai.

Lietuvių kalbą vartoti šiuolaikinėse technologijose kviečia telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ kartu su Lietuvių kalbos institutu, visuomeniniu projektu „Drąsinkime ateitį“ bei projektą palaikančia Švietimo ir mokslo ministerija.

Dėl papildomos informacijos prašome kreiptis: 
Andrius Baranauskas
ViešÅ³jų ryšių vadovas, "Tele2"
Mob. tel. +370 683 66319
El. paštas
          â€žTele2“ anksčiau laiko paÅ¡alino ryÅ¡io sutrikimus        
Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ anksčiau nei buvo prognozuota pašalino duomenų bazių gedimą ir taip užkirto kelią galimiems ryšio nesklandumams.

Ketvirtadienį bendrovė pranešÄ—, kad sutriko dalies išankstinio mokėjimo paslaugų duomenų bazių, įsikÅ«rusių Rygoje, darbas. Klientai buvo įspėti, kad nesklandumai gali bÅ«ti pašalinti iki šeštadienio vakaro.

Tačiau „Tele2“ pasitelkus bendrovės „Siemens“ specialistus iš Lietuvos, Norvegijos ir Švedijos, gedimas buvo pašalintas ketvirtadienio vakare. Ryšio sutrikimų vartotojai patirti neturėjo.

Operatyviai reaguoti į nesklandumus „Tele2“ padeda triguba kontrolės sistema – ryšio kokybę užtikrina Lietuvos, Latvijos ir Švedijos specialistai.
Dėl papildomos informacijos prašome kreiptis: 
Mindaugas Biliauskas
Atstovas spaudai
Mob. tel. +370 673 96404
El. paštas
          â€žTele2“ tapo generaline Lietuvos rankinio lygos čempionato rėmėja        
Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ tapo generaline Lietuvos aukšÄiausios rankinio lygos čempionato rėmėja. 

Nuspręsta pakeisti ir čempionato vardą, todėl nuo šiol pajėgiausi šalies rankininkai varžysis „Tele2“ Lietuvos aukšÄiausios rankinio lygos čempionate“. 

„Lietuvoje dažnai pamirštama, kad turime ir kitų perspektyvių sporto šakų, ne tik krepšinį. Net neabejoju - mÅ«sų rankininkai turi didelį potencialą, todėl, pajutę paskatinimą, jie sėkmingai gins šalies garbę ir populiarins Lietuvą“, - teigia Petras Masiulis, „Tele2“ generalinis direktorius. 

„Tele2“ Lietuvos aukšÄiausios rankinio lygos čempionato“ reguliariosios varžybos jau prasidėjo, o baigiamosios varžybos vyks 2007 metų gegužės mėnesį. Čempionate varžosi 10 stipriausių šalies komandų - iš Vilniaus, Kauno, Klaipėdos, Šiaulių, Panevėžio, Alytaus ir Varėnos. Lietuvos rankinio lygos klubų asociacijos direktorius Vytautas Tarailė įvardijo tris favoritėmis laikomas komandas - praėjusiųjų metų čempionus Panevėžio „Viking Malt“, daugkartinius Lietuvos čempionus Kauno „Granitas Karys“ ir Kauno “LÅ«šÄ¯“. 

Keturios stipriausios „Tele2“ Lietuvos aukšÄiausios rankinio lygos čempionato“ komandos vyks į Europos taurių turnyrus. Lietuva turi teisę deleguoti penkias komandas, todėl prie „Tele2“ Lietuvos aukšÄiausios rankinio lygos čempionato“ lyderių prisijungs ir Lietuvos Taurės turnyro nugalėtoja. 

Anot V. Tarailės, šiais metais iš Lietuvos nacionalinės rinktinės itin didelių laimėjimų tarptautinėje arenoje nesitikima, tačiau pasauliniame kontekste Lietuvos rankinis yra pakankamai stiprus: „Pasaulyje mes užimame 24 vietą. Pagal reitingą esame aukšÄiau palyginus su dauguma kitų žaidimų sporto šakų, pavyzdžiui, futbolas visai žemas vietas užima“. V. Tarailė taip pat pasidžiaugė, kad pernai pusfinalio varžybose į Europos čempionatą Lietuvos nacionalinė rinktinė Vilniuje, „Siemens“ arenoje, lygiosiomis sužaidė su Ispanija, tuometine pasaulio čempione. 

Lietuvos rankinio lygos klubų asociacijos direktoriaus V. Tarailės teigimu, „Tele2“ parama čempionatui reiškia labai daug: „Visų pirma, generalinio rėmėjo atsiradimas yra mums stimulas toliau dirbti, tai reiškia, kad mumis pasitikima. Antra, su rėmėjo pagalba pirmą kartą žiÅ«rovams galime nuosekliai parodyti čempionatą - per televiziją kiekvieną savaitę transliuojama po vienerias kiekvieno turo varžybas. Pirmą kartą žiÅ«rovai gali nuo pradžios stebėti čempionatą.“ 

„Tele2“ Lietuvos aukšÄiausios rankinio lygos čempionato“ rungtynės transliuojamos kiekvieną sekmadienį 13 val. 30 min. per Tango TV. 

Kontaktinis asmuo - Andrius Baranauskas, ryšių su visuomene agentÅ«ra KOMUNIKACIJOS TILTAI / EURO RSCG PR. Tel. +370 699 55837. El. paštas:
          â€žTele2“ verslo klientu tapo „Siemens“        
Technologijų bendrovė „Siemens“ naudosis mobiliojo ryšio operatoriaus „Tele2“ paslaugomis. Daugiau nei 120 „Siemens“ darbuotojų į „Tele2“ tinklą perėjo pasinaudoję numerio perkėlimo paslauga.

„Tele2“ pasirinkome įvertinę mums palankią kainą ir kokybę. Džiaugiamės, kad už kokybiškas mobiliojo ryšio paslaugas galėsime mokėti mažiau“, – teigia Audris Barcevičius, UAB „Siemens“ generalinis direktorius. 

„Tele2“ verslo klientų skaičius nuolat auga. Šiuo metu „Tele2“ tinklas vienija 60 tÅ«kst. verslo klientų, tarp kurių – „TV3“, „ICG kompiuteriai“, „L‘Oreal“, „Lietuvos energija“, personalo valdymo ir organizacijos vystymo bendrovė „Fontes“ bei kiti verslo lyderiai. 

Pasinaudodami numerio perkėlimo paslauga, per 8 šių metų mėnesius (vasario-spalio mėn.) į „TELE2“ tinklą perėjo apie 13,5 tÅ«kst. vartotojų – tai yra tris kartus daugiau negu išÄ—jo. Numerio perkėlimo centrinę duomenų bazę administruojančios bendrovės „Mano numeris“ žiniomis, iš „Tele2“ tinklo per šÄ¯ laikotarpį pasitraukė mažiausiai vartotojų Lietuvoje. 

„Verslininkai vis labiau įvertina galimybę pasirinkti tos pačios kokybės paslaugas už mažesnę kainą. MÅ«sų atliktų tyrimų duomenimis, verslo įmonės, pasirinkusios „Tele2“ mobiliojo ryšio paslaugas, vidutiniškai sutaupo iki 30 proc. išlaidų mobiliajam ryšiui. Tuo tarpu mÅ«sų teikiamo ryšio kokybė niekuo nesiskiria nuo kitų operatorių – tai patvirtina ir Ryšių reguliavimo tarnybos tyrimai“, – nurodo Petras Masiulis, „Tele2“ generalinis direktorius. 

UAB "Siemens" Lietuvoje veikia nuo 1995 m. Bendrovė specializuojasi informacijos ir ryšių, pramonės ir pastatų technologijų, automatikos ir elektrotechnikos produktų, transporto sistemų, medicinos sprendimų bei energijos gamybos, perdavimo ir paskirstymo srityse. 

Prieš šešerius metus Lietuvoje veiklą pradėjusi „Tele2“ jungia 1,8 mln. vartotojų. Šiuo metu „Tele2“ ryšio tinklas jau dengia 97 proc. Lietuvos teritorijos.
„Tele2“ – populiariausias alternatyvus telekomunikacinių paslaugų tiekėjas Europoje. „Tele2“ siekia visada siÅ«lyti mažiausias kainas rinkoje. Laikydamasi savo išskirtinių vertybių, bendrovė kasdien siÅ«lo pigias ir paprastas ryšio paslaugas visiems europiečiams. 

„Tele2“ Europoje iš viso jungia per 30 mln. telekomunikacijų paslaugų vartotojų net 22-iose šalyse. Bendrovė teikia fiksuoto ir mobiliojo ryšio, interneto, kabelinės televizijos paslaugas. Lietuvoje „Tele2“ pradėjo veiklą 2000 metais. Šiuo metu bendrovės Lietuvoje paslaugomis naudojasi daugiau 1,8 mln. klientų. 

Kontaktinis asmuo - Andrius Baranauskas, ryšių su visuomene agentÅ«ra KOMUNIKACIJOS TILTAI / EURO RSCG PR. Tel. +370 699 55837. El. paštas:
          Už vieną litą „Tele2“ siÅ«lo du telefonus        
Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ pirmoji Lietuvoje pasiÅ«lė neįtikėtiną naujieną – pasirašius vieną sutartį, už 1 litą gauti du mobiliuosius telefonus iš karto. 

„Tele2“ pastebėjo, kad nukritus ne tik mobiliojo ryšio paslaugų, bet ir telefonų kainoms, mobilusis telefonas vartotojams tapo įprasta kasdienybės dalis. Kad bÅ«tų patogiau, gyventojai vis dažniau naudojasi dviem telefonais, pavyzdžiui, atskirdami asmeninį ir darbo mobilųjį telefoną. 

Taip pat neretai pirkdami telefoną sau, tokiomis pat sąlygomis klientai nori įsigyti ir antrąjį, skirtą, pavyzdžiui, vaikams, kurie gali naudotis išankstinio apmokėjimo paslaugomis „Pildyk“ arba „Mažylis“. 

Akcijos „Perki vieną, gauni du“ metu visi, pasirašÄ™ 36 mėnesių sutartį su bet kokiu mokėjimo planu, gali rinktis Nokia 6030 telefoną kartu su Siemens C75 arba du Nokia 6030 telefonus. Ryšių reguliavimo tarnybos duomenimis, šiuo metu mobiliojo ryšio vartotojų Lietuvoje jau yra daugiau nei gyventojų – virš 4 mln., o jų skaičius auga toliau. Todėl, atsižvelgdama į vartotojų poreikius bendrovė žada pateikti ir daugiau tokių pasiÅ«lymų. 

„Prieš keturis metus „Tele2“ buvo pirmieji, pasiÅ«lę įsigyti telefonus už 1 litą. Tada mes pažadėjome geriausias kainas ir savo pažadą tęsime, o šiandien už 1 litą siÅ«lome net du telefonus,“- sako Petras Masiulis, „Tele2“ generalinis direktorius.
          â€žTele2“ toliau plečia tinklą ir gerina ryÅ¡io kokybę        
Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ pirmoji Lietuvoje pasiÅ«lė neįtikėtiną naujieną – pasirašius vieną sutartį, už 1 litą gauti du mobiliuosius telefonus iš karto. 

„Tele2“ pastebėjo, kad nukritus ne tik mobiliojo ryšio paslaugų, bet ir telefonų kainoms, mobilusis telefonas vartotojams tapo įprasta kasdienybės dalis. Kad bÅ«tų patogiau, gyventojai vis dažniau naudojasi dviem telefonais, pavyzdžiui, atskirdami asmeninį ir darbo mobilųjį telefoną. 

Taip pat neretai pirkdami telefoną sau, tokiomis pat sąlygomis klientai nori įsigyti ir antrąjį, skirtą, pavyzdžiui, vaikams, kurie gali naudotis išankstinio apmokėjimo paslaugomis „Pildyk“ arba „Mažylis“. 

Akcijos „Perki vieną, gauni du“ metu visi, pasirašÄ™ 36 mėnesių sutartį su bet kokiu mokėjimo planu, gali rinktis Nokia 6030 telefoną kartu su Siemens C75 arba du Nokia 6030 telefonus. Ryšių reguliavimo tarnybos duomenimis, šiuo metu mobiliojo ryšio vartotojų Lietuvoje jau yra daugiau nei gyventojų – virš 4 mln., o jų skaičius auga toliau. Todėl, atsižvelgdama į vartotojų poreikius bendrovė žada pateikti ir daugiau tokių pasiÅ«lymų. 

„Prieš keturis metus „Tele2“ buvo pirmieji, pasiÅ«lę įsigyti telefonus už 1 litą. Tada mes pažadėjome geriausias kainas ir savo pažadą tęsime, o šiandien už 1 litą siÅ«lome net du telefonus,“- sako Petras Masiulis, „Tele2“ generalinis direktorius.
          Studentams – iÅ¡skirtinės „Tele2“ nuolaidos        
Dabar, įsibėgėjant naujiems mokslo metams, studentams pats geriausias laikas tapti mobiliems. Antroji pagal dydį Lietuvoje mobiliojo ryšio bendrovė „Tele2“ pristato naują mokėjimo planą „Studentas“. Pasirinkę šÄ¯ planą studentai visame „Tele2“ tinkle kalbės tik už 9 centus per minutę. 

Šią išskirtinę sutartį gali pasirašyti visi studentai, pateikę NYSA nacionalinės jaunimo ir studentų agentÅ«ros rekomendaciją. Be to, studentai, pasirašÄ™ sutartį „Studentas“ dviems metams, naujausią spalvotą telefoną Nokia 6610i galės nusipirkti tik už 29 litus, o Nokia 3220 ir Siemens CXV70 telefonus – už vieną litą. Ir tai dar ne viskas. 

ŠÄ¯ rudenį „Tele2“ paruošÄ— dar daugiau pasiÅ«lymų. Studentai, pateikę Lietuvos studento pažymėjimą, visuose „Lietuvos spauda“ kioskuose gali įsigyti norimo nominalo PILDYK kodo papildymus 10 procentų pigiau. Ši nuolaida studentams galios iki spalio 31 dienos. 

Telekomunikacijų bendrovė „Tele2“ jau ne pirmus metus aktyviai bendradarbiauja su NYSA nacionaline jaunimo ir studentų agentÅ«ra ir stengiasi pateikti kuo daugiau išskirtinių pasiÅ«lymų studentams, kuriems ypač aktualu už mobilųjį ryšÄ¯ mokėti kuo mažiau.
          arçelik çamaşır mak.termostat 2100790000        
 ARY-4500 ARÇ. ÇAM. Y-246
BKY-2324 OTÇMMK (Y-23)
AY-5007 OTÇMMK (Y-23) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2118 OTÇMMK (Y-21)
BKY-2118 ÇM.MK.
AY-5001 OT.ÇM.MK (Y-21) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
AY-5002 OTÇMMK (Y-22) (AYGAZ)
ARY-4500 OTÇMMK (Y-24)
BKY-2324B OTÇMMK (Y-24)
AY-5009 OTÇMMK (Y-24) (AYGAZ
          arçelik çamaşır mak.düğme 2802300100        



ARY-4100 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-181)800 ÇİFT SU
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AY-5013 OT.ÇM.MK(Y-181) (AYGAZ)
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Y-28 ÇM.MK.
BKY-2324 OTÇMMK (Y-23)
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AY-5001 OT.ÇM.MK (Y-21) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
AY-5002 OTÇMMK (Y-22) (AYGAZ)
ARY-5500 E OTÇMMK (Y-32)
BKY-3100 OTÇMMK (Y-32)
AY-5006 OTÇMMK (Y-32) (AYGAZ)
ARY-3300 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-18) 800 TEK SU
AY-5000 OTÇMMK (Y-18) (AYGAZ)
ARY-3450 ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-18) 1000 TEK
ARY-4500 OTÇMMK (Y-24)
BKY-2324B OTÇMMK (Y-24)
AY-5009 OTÇMMK (Y-24) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2616 OTÇMMK (Y-26)
BKY-2616 OTÇMMK (Y-26)
BKY-2616 (Y-26) FOÇ (SIMODOM 6/2,
BKY-2616 (Y-26) FOÇ (C.E.SET UM/AC, CROU
AY-5003 OTÇMMK (Y-26) (AYGAZ)
AY-5003 (Y-26) FOÇ (SIMODOM 6/2, S (AYGAZ)
AY-5003 (Y-26) FOÇ (C.E.SET UM/AC, (AYGAZ)
BKY-2720 OTÇMMK (Y-27)
BKY-2720 OTÇMMK (Y-27)
AY-5004 OTÇMMK (Y-27) (AYGAZ)

          arçelik çamaşır mak. yıkama kazanı 2723100900        

Arçelik 6215101000 ARY-2300 OTOMATİK ÇM MK(Y-23).

Arçelik 6215101170 ARY-2300 OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR MAKİNA.

Arçelik 6222101000 ARY-2200 OTÇMMK.

Arçelik 6222101120 ARY-2200 OTOMATIK CAMASIR MAKINA.

Arçelik 6223101000 ARY-5500 E OTÇMMK (Y-32).

Arçelik 6225101000 ARY-4500 OTÇMMK (Y-24).

Aygaz 6225103000 AY-5009 OTÇMMK (Y-24) (AYGAZ).

Aygaz 6215103170 AY-5007 (Y-23) OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR MA (AYGAZ).

Aygaz 6215103100 ARY-2300 (F.O.Ç SIEMENS UM/DC, AKO P.C) (AYGAZ).

Aygaz 6215103001 AGY-23 OTO.ÇAM.MAK. (AYGAZ).

Aygaz 6215103000 AY-5007 OTÇMMK (Y-23) (AYGAZ).

Beko 6215102000 BKY-2324 OTÇMMK (Y-23).

Beko 6215102170 BKY-2324 (Y-23) OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR MAKİ.

Beko 6222102000 BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22).

Beko 6222102001 BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22).

Beko 6222102120 BKY-2224 (Y-22) OTOMATIK CAMASIR MA.

Beko 6223102000 BKY-3100 OTÇMMK (Y-32).

Beko 6225102000 BKY-2324B OTÇMMK (Y-24).

          arçelik çamaşır seviye şalteri 2001320100        

ARY-4500 ARÇ. ÇAM. Y-246

BKY-2324 OTÇMMK (Y-23)
AY-5007 OTÇMMK (Y-23) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2118 OTÇMMK (Y-21)
BKY-2118 ÇM.MK.
AY-5001 OT.ÇM.MK (Y-21) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
AY-5002 OTÇMMK (Y-22) (AYGAZ)
ARY-4500 OTÇMMK (Y-24)
BKY-2324B OTÇMMK (Y-24)
AY-5009 OTÇMMK (Y-24) (AYGAZ)

          arçelik çamaşır mak.kayış 1309- 2005170200        

ARY-4500 ARÇ. ÇAM. Y-246

ARY-4100 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-181)800 ÇİFT SU
BKY-2812 B ÇAM.MAK.(Y-181) 800 ÇİFT SU
AY-5013 OT.ÇM.MK(Y-181) (AYGAZ)
ARY-4250 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-181)1000 ÇİFT SU
ARY-3650 Y Y19 1100 TEKSU
ARY-3650Y / BKY-2518CP Y-19 1100 TEK SU
BKY-2518 CP Y-19 1100 TEK SU
ARY-3650Y / BKY-2518CP Y-19 1100 TEK SU
ARY-4450 Y Y191 1100 ÇİFT SU
ARY-4450Y / BKY-2618BP Y-19 1100 ÇİFT SU
BKY-2618 BP Y191 1100 ÇİFT SU
ARY-4450Y / BKY-2618BP Y-19 1100 ÇİFT SU
ARY-2800 OTÇMMK(Y-28)
BKY-2820 OTÇMMK (Y-28)
Y-28 ÇM.MK.
ARY-3650 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-19)1000 TEK SU
ARY-3650 REV
BKY-2518 C ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-19) 1000 TEK
ARY-3650 / BKY-2518C ( Y-19 ) ÇAMAŞIR MAKİNASI
BKY-2324 OTÇMMK (Y-23)
AY-5007 OTÇMMK (Y-23) (AYGAZ)
ARY-4850 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-251)1200 ÇİFT
ARY-4850 REV
BKY-2624B ÇAM.MAK. (Y-251)1200 ÇİFT
ARY-3500 ARÇ. ÇAM. (Y-271)
BKY-2720 C ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-271) 1000 TEK
ARY 271(ARY 3500 )/BKY 2720C/AY 5011Otomatik Çamaşır Makinesi
AY-5011 OTÇMMK (Y-271) (AYGAZ)
ARY-3550 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-271) 1000 TEK
ARY-4300 ARÇ. ÇAM. (Y-281)
BKY-2820 B ÇAM.MAK.(Y-281) 1000 ÇİFT
AY-5012 OTÇMMK (Y-281) (AYGAZ)
ARY-4350 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-281)1000 ÇİFT
ARY-3400 OTÇMMK(Y-272)
BKY-2620C OTO.ÇM.MK (Y-272)
BKY-2118 OTÇMMK (Y-21)
BKY-2118 ÇM.MK.
AY-5001 OT.ÇM.MK (Y-21) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22)
AY-5002 OTÇMMK (Y-22) (AYGAZ)
ARY-5500 E OTÇMMK (Y-32)
BKY-3100 OTÇMMK (Y-32)
AY-5006 OTÇMMK (Y-32) (AYGAZ)
ARY-3300 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-18) 800 TEK SU
AY-5000 OTÇMMK (Y-18) (AYGAZ)
ARY-3450 ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-18) 1000 TEK
ARY-4500 OTÇMMK (Y-24)
BKY-2324B OTÇMMK (Y-24)
AY-5009 OTÇMMK (Y-24) (AYGAZ)
BKY-2618 B ÇAM.MAK.(Y-191)1000 ÇİFT SU
BKY-2616 OTÇMMK (Y-26)
BKY-2616 OTÇMMK (Y-26)
BKY-2616 (Y-26) FOÇ (SIMODOM 6/2,
BKY-2616 (Y-26) FOÇ (C.E.SET UM/AC, CROU
AY-5003 OTÇMMK (Y-26) (AYGAZ)
AY-5003 (Y-26) FOÇ (SIMODOM 6/2, S (AYGAZ)
AY-5003 (Y-26) FOÇ (C.E.SET UM/AC, (AYGAZ)
ARY-4900 (Y-191) 1200 D/D ÇİFT SU
ARY-4900 REV
BKY-2524 B 1200 D/D ÇİFT SU Y19
BKY-2720 OTÇMMK (Y-27)
BKY-2720 OTÇMMK (Y-27)
AY-5004 OTÇMMK (Y-27) (AYGAZ)
ARY-3750 ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-25)1200 TEK
BKY-3150 Gümüş 1400 ÇİFT Su
ARY-3650 M Y19 K1 BK 1100 POT. TEK SU
ARY-3650M Y19(K1) 1100 TEK SU
BKY-2518 CX Y19 K1 BK 1100 TEK SU
BKY-2518CX Y19(K1) 1100 TEK SU
ARY-4450 M Y19 K1 BK 1100 POT. ÇİFT SU
ARY-4450M Y19(K1) 1100 ÇİFT SU
BKY-2618 BX K1 Y19 BK 1100 ÇİFT
BKY-2618BX Y19(K1) 1100 ÇİFT SU
ARY-4900 M Y19 K1 BK 1200 POT. ÇİFT SU
ARY-4900 M Y19(K1) 1200 ÇİFT SU
BKY-2524 BX K1 Y19 BK 1200 POT. ÇİFT SU
BKY-2524BX Y 19(K1) 1200 ÇİFT SU
ARY-5100 Y25 KK 1400 ÇİFT SU
ARY-4900 M Y19 K19 BK 1200 ÇİFT SU
ARY-4900M/BKY-2524BX Y19(K19) 1200 ÇİFT SU
BKY-2524 BX Y19 K19 BK 1200 ÇİFT SU
ARY-3650 M Y19 K19 BK 1100 TEK
ARY-3650M/BKY-2518CX Y19(K19) 1100 TEK SU
BKY-2518 CX Y19 K19 BK 1100 TEK SU
ARY-3650M/BKY-2518CX Y19(K19) 1100 TEK SU
ARY-4450 M Y19 K19 BK 1100 ÇİFT SU
ARY-4450M/BKY-2618BX Y19(K19) 1100 ÇİFT SU
BKY-2618 BX Y19 BK 1100 ÇİFT
ARY-4450M/BKY-2618BX Y19(K19) 1100 ÇİFT SU

          arçelik çamaşır mak.kasnak 2703810100        

Altus 6207202000 AL-110 ÇAM MAK.

Altus 6207232000 AL-110 Y.
Arçelik 6208101000 ARY-5300 E ÇAMAŞIR MAK.
Arçelik 6209101000 ARY-4100 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-181)800 ÇİFT SU.
Arçelik 6209201000 ARY-4250 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-181)1000 ÇİFT SU.
Arçelik 6211101000 ARY-5500 E ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-326) ÇİFT.
Arçelik 6214101000 ARY-2800 OTÇMMK(Y-28).
Arçelik 6214101164 ARY-2800 FULL OTOMATIK ÇAMAŞIR M.
Arçelik 6214201000 ARY-3650 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-19)1000 TEK SU.
Arçelik 6215101000 ARY-2300 OTOMATİK ÇM MK(Y-23).
Arçelik 6215101170 ARY-2300 OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR MAKİNA.
Arçelik 6215201000 ARY-4850 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-251)1200 ÇİFT.
Arçelik 6216101000 ARY-3500 ARÇ. ÇAM. (Y-271).
Arçelik 6216201000 ARY-3550 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-271) 1000 TEK.
Arçelik 6217101000 ARY-4300 ARÇ. ÇAM. (Y-281).
Arçelik 6217201000 ARY-4350 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-281)1000 ÇİFT.
Arçelik 6218101000 ARY-3200 OÇM. (Y-17).
Arçelik 6221101000 ARY-2100 OTÇMMK.
Arçelik 6221101120 ARY-2100 OTOMATIK CAMASIR MAKINA.
Arçelik 6221101130 ARY-2100 OTOMATIK CAMASIR MAKINA.
Arçelik 6222101000 ARY-2200 OTÇMMK.
Arçelik 6222101120 ARY-2200 OTOMATIK CAMASIR MAKINA.
Arçelik 6223101000 ARY-5500 E OTÇMMK (Y-32).
Arçelik 6224101000 ARY-3300 ÇAM.MAK.(Y-18) 800 TEK SU.
Arçelik 6225101000 ARY-4500 OTÇMMK (Y-24).
Arçelik 6225201000 ARY-4450 ARÇ.ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-191)1000 ÇİFT.
Arçelik 6226101000 ARY-2600 OTÇMMK.
Arçelik 6226101164 ARY-2600 FULL OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR M.
Arçelik 6227101000 ARY-2700 OTÇMMK.
Arçelik 6227101100 ARY-2700 FULL OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR.
Arçelik 6228201000 ARY-3750 ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-25)1200 TEK.
Aygaz 6208103000 AY-5008 OTOMATİK ÇM MK (Y-29) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6209103000 AY-5013 OT.ÇM.MK(Y-181) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6214103000 AY-5005 OTOMATİK ÇM MK (Y-28) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6214103001 AGY-28 OTO.ÇAM.MK. (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6214103164 AY-5005 (Y-28) FULL OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞ (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6215103000 AY-5007 OTÇMMK (Y-23) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6215103001 AGY-23 OTO.ÇAM.MAK. (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6215103100 ARY-2300 (F.O.Ç SIEMENS UM/DC, AKO P.C) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6215103170 AY-5007 (Y-23) OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR MA (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6216103000 AY-5011 OTÇMMK (Y-271) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6217103000 AY-5012 OTÇMMK (Y-281) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6221103000 AY-5001 OT.ÇM.MK (Y-21) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6221103001 AGY-21 OTO.ÇAM.MAK. (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6221103120 AY-5001 (Y-21) OTOMATIK CAMASIR MA (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6221103130 AY-5001 (Y-21) OTOMATIK CAMASIR MA (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6222103000 AY-5002 OTÇMMK (Y-22) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6222103001 AGY-22 OTO.ÇAM.MAK. (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6222103120 AY-5002 (Y-22) OTOMATIK CAMASIR MA (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6223103000 AY-5006 OTÇMMK (Y-32) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6224103000 AY-5000 OTÇMMK (Y-18) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6225103000 AY-5009 OTÇMMK (Y-24) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6226103000 AY-5003 OTÇMMK (Y-26) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6226103001 AGY-26 OTO.ÇM.MK. (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6226103161 AY-5003 (Y-26) FOÇ (SIMODOM 6/2, S (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6226103162 AY-5003 (Y-26) FOÇ (C.E.SET UM/AC, (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6226103164 AY-5003 (Y-26) FULL OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞ (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6227103000 AY-5004 OTÇMMK (Y-27) (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6227103001 AGY-27 OTO.ÇM.MK. (AYGAZ).
Aygaz 6227103100 AY-5004 (Y-27) FULL OTOMATIK CAMAS (AYGAZ).
Beko 6208102000 BKY-3055 A ÇAMAŞIR MAK.
Beko 6209102000 BKY-2812 B ÇAM.MAK.(Y-181) 800 ÇİFT SU.
Beko 6211102000 BKY-3100 A ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-326) ÇİFT SU.
Beko 6214102000 BKY-2820 OTÇMMK (Y-28).
Beko 6214102001 Y-28 ÇM.MK.
Beko 6214102164 BKY-2820 (Y-28) FULL OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞ.
Beko 6214202000 BKY-2518 C ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-19) 1000 TEK.
Beko 6215102000 BKY-2324 OTÇMMK (Y-23).
Beko 6215102170 BKY-2324 (Y-23) OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞIR MAKİ.
Beko 6215202000 BKY-2624B ÇAM.MAK. (Y-251)1200 ÇİFT.
Beko 6216102000 BKY-2720 C ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-271) 1000 TEK.
Beko 6217102000 BKY-2820 B ÇAM.MAK.(Y-281) 1000 ÇİFT.
Beko 6218102000 BKY-2610 C ÇAM.MAK.(Y-17) 600 TEK.
Beko 6221102000 BKY-2118 OTÇMMK (Y-21).
Beko 6221102001 BKY-2118 ÇM.MK.
Beko 6221102120 BKY-2118 (Y-21) OTOMATIK CAMASIR M.
Beko 6221102130 BKY-2118 (Y-21) OTOMATIK CAMASIR MK.
Beko 6222102000 BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22).
Beko 6222102001 BKY-2224 OTÇMMK (Y-22).
Beko 6222102120 BKY-2224 (Y-22) OTOMATIK CAMASIR MA.
Beko 6223102000 BKY-3100 OTÇMMK (Y-32).
Beko 6224102000 BKY-2612 C ÇAMAŞIR MAK.(Y-18)800 TEK SU.
Beko 6225102000 BKY-2324B OTÇMMK (Y-24).
Beko 6225202000 BKY-2618 B ÇAM.MAK.(Y-191)1000 ÇİFT SU.
Beko 6226102000 BKY-2616 OTÇMMK (Y-26).
Beko 6226102001 BKY-2616 OTÇMMK (Y-26).
Beko 6226102161 BKY-2616 (Y-26) FOÇ (SIMODOM 6/2,
Beko 6226102162 BKY-2616 (Y-26) FOÇ (C.E.SET UM/AC, CROU.
Beko 6226102164 BKY-2616 (Y-26) FULL OTOMATİK ÇAMAŞ.
Beko 6227102000 BKY-2720 OTÇMMK (Y-27).
Beko 6227102001 BKY-2720 OTÇMMK (Y-27).
Beko 6227102100 BKY-2720 (Y-27) FULL OTOMATIK CAMAS.


          Siemen’s Plans to Expand Include Open Plan Office        
  Open plan offices are not a new concept and there are many arguments for and against them. Siemens LLC have been stationed in Dubai’s Internet City since 2003, but have announced their plans to move out of the area they currently occupy and move to a larger facility in The Galleries at Downtown Jebel Ali, Dubai. They announced that they also plan to incorporate a new open plan office to help increase employee productivity through interaction. Not only this, but they plan to provide ergonomic furniture to all their staff from monitor arms and laptop stands to ergonomic chairs. As previously outlined, there are arguments for and against open plan offices. Some advantages of having an open plan office is that they can save on office space. By this it means that you can have large configurations of desks in one area. Bench desk systems and have become more and more popular in recent years due to the fact that they save space and still look modern and aesthetically pleasing. Bench systems also create an environment where employees can interact and work in teams so lend themselves to communication. Noise pollution has become a hot topic in the office as studies have shown that noise in the office can be directly linked to stress. It has been said that open plan offices can actually increase noise pollution, but recent studies have concluded that this may not be the case. Constant noise such as telephones or printers etc… may increase in volume around the office, but employees tend to subconsciously speak quietly as they are aware that they are on show. Some also say that with open plan offices, there is a breakdown of authority in the office. This is due to the fact that managers don’t have their own offices. I personally don’t think that this is such a disadvantage as from the managers perspective they can oversee what is going on in the office. Even with the argument for and against open plan offices, there is no denying that these are on the increase and the way we used to work in offices is set to change.
          Birne, Birnbaum.        

Это цитата сообщения KGV_Merklinde Оригинальное сообщениеBirne, Birnbaum.

Birne, Birnbaum.


6226556_1abirneclappsliebling1752256blpmsg (700x437, 51Kb)




Die heutigen Kulturformen der Birne (Pyrus communis) sind aus Kreuzungen verschiedener westasiatischer und europäischer Wildbirnen entstanden. Auch die heimische Holz-Birne (Pyrus pyraster) findet sich darin wieder. Die Geschichte der Kultur-Birnen lässt sich allerdings nur noch ansatzweise rekonstruieren, denn das Obst war im Mittelmeerraum schon zu Homers Zeiten sehr verbreitet.


Birnbäume wachsen recht stark und bilden eher schmale, aufrechte Kronen. Die wechselständigen Blätter sind meist breit-oval und besitzen eine auffallend stark glänzende Oberseite. Die Bäume haben eine recht hohe Lebenserwartung: Es gibt in Deutschland Exemplare, die auf 180 Jahre geschätzt werden. Apfelbäume werden kaum halb so alt. Die Blüten erscheinen oft schon ein bis zwei Wochen vor der Apfelblüte und sind deshalb etwas spätfrostgefährdet. Sie haben die typische Blütenform der Rosengewächse (Rosaceae), sind reinweiß und besitzen dunkle Staubgefäße. Wie die Apfelbäume fruchten auch Birnen an kurzen Fruchtspießen am mehrjährigen Holz. Auch als Forstbäume haben Birnen eine gewisse Bedeutung: Das meist rötliche, schön gemaserte Holz ist im Möbelbau sehr gefragt und erzielt hohe Preise.


Der Biss in das zart schmelzende, saftige Fruchtfleisch einer reifen Birne ist den Besitzern eigener Bäume vorbehalten, denn in den Handel gelangen meist unreif gepflückte, harte Früchte. Also tut man gut daran, selbst einen Birnbaum zu pflanzen. Für kleine Baumformen kamen bisher nur früh reifende Sommer- und Herbstbirnen wie ‘Harrow Delight’ infrage. Die Früchte schmecken frisch vom Baum, können nach der Ernte aber höchstens vier Wochen aufbewahrt werden. Neuere Züchtungen stehen den beliebten Winterbirnen-Sorten wie ‘Williams Christ’ oder ‘Köstliche aus Charneux’ geschmacklich nicht nach und können in einem kühlen, frostfreien Keller noch bis Dezember gelagert werden. Bei ‘Condo’ standen zwei traditionelle Sorten Pate: Die gute Lagerfähigkeit beruht auf der beliebten ‘Conference’, Kenner werden dazu unschwer das würzig-süße Aroma der schorffesten, guten alten ‘Vereinsdechantsbirne’ herausschmecken. ‘Concorde’ hat dieselben Eltern und bleibt im Naturkeller ebenfalls noch 6 bis 8 Wochen frisch und saftig.


Entscheidend für den Wuchs der Birne ist die Unterlage. Auf Birnensämlinge veredelte Bäume wurzeln tief und kommen daher auch mal mit Trockenzeiten zurecht, sie sind zudem relativ widerstandsfähig gegen Winterfröste. Geschmacklich und qualitativ bessere Früchte reifen auf Quittenunterlagen wie ‘Quitte A’. Die Nachteile: Sie wurzeln flacher und sind daher weniger standfest, zudem sind sie frostgefährdeter und kalkempfindlicher. Lassen Sie sich bei der Auswahl einer für Ihren Garten geeignteten Sorte am besten in einer Baumschule vor Ort beraten, da sie mit dem örtlichen Klima und Boden vertraut ist.


Standort und Boden.


Birnen brauchen einen vollsonnigen, warmen und geschützten Standort. Ideal ist ein Platz vor einer sonnigen Hauswand, wo die Bäume von der abgestrahlten Wärme profitieren. Hier bietet sich die platzsparende Erziehung als Spalierbaum an. Es gibt jedoch auch robuste, kältetolerante Sorten, die an weniger günstigen Standorten gut ausgereifte Früchte bilden, zum Beispiel die alte Sorte ‘Gute Graue’ und die großfrüchtige ‘Herzogin Elsa’.

Ideal für alle Birnen sind humusreiche und gleichmäßig feuchte, sandige Lehmböden. Für Bäume, die auf Quittenunterlagen veredelt wurden, dürfen sie jedoch nicht zu schwer und zu kalkhaltig sein. Da auf Birnensämlinge veredelte Bäume Tiefwurzler sind, sollten die Böden bis in tiefere Bodenschichten ausreichend locker sein. Auf ärmeren Sandböden gedeihen Birnen nur dann zufriedenstellend, wenn diese einen hohen Humusanteil haben.


Pflanzung und Pflege.


Heben Sie ein Pflanzloch aus, das mindestens den doppelten Durchmesser des Wurzelballens hat, und lockern Sie die Sohle mit einer Grabegabel. Wichtig ist, dass man den Baum nicht zu tief setzt, denn darauf reagieren Birnen sehr empfindlich. Die Oberfläche des Wurzelballens sollte sich etwa auf Höhe des Bodenniveaus befinden und die Veredlungsstelle muss deutlich darüber liegen, damit der aufgepfropfte Stamm keine eigenen Wurzeln bildet und die wachstumsregulierende Funktion der Veredlungsunterlage außer Kraft setzt. Decken Sie die Baumscheibe zumindest in den ersten paar Jahren mit kompostierter Rinde ab, damit die Erde schön feucht bleibt.

Zur Nährstoffversorgung brauchen Birnen jedes Frühjahr pro Baum vier Liter reifen Kompost, der mit rund 100 Gramm Hornmehl angereichert wird. Die Mischung wird im äußeren Bereich der Baumscheibe ausgestreut, wo sich der größte Teil der Feinwurzeln befindet. In trockenen Sommern müssen vor allem junge Bäume zusätzlich gewässert werden. Im Herbst schützt ein Weißanstrich vor Rindenschäden durch die Wintersonne. Wenn sich im Garten wilde Kaninchen tummeln, ist außerdem eine Wildmanschette als Verbissschutz dringend zu empfehlen.


Erziehung und Schnitt.


Auf schwach wachsende Quitten-Unterlagen wie ‘Quitte A’ veredelte Birnen brauchen deutlich weniger Platz als auf Sämlingsunterlagen gepfropfte, als Halb- oder Hochstämme gezogene Birnbäume. Sie können, ähnlich wie Äpfel, als Busch- oder noch schmalere Spindelbäume und sogar als Obsthecke erzogen werden.


Bei der Erziehung eines Spindelbaums sollte man alle Seitentriebe, die noch nicht zu kräftig sind, mit speziell zugeschnittenen Leisten in einem flachen Winkel von mindestens 60 Grad abspreizen. Steil hochwachsende kräftigere Triebe entfernt man ganz, bevor sie sich zu Konkurrenztrieben entwickeln können. Der Mitteltrieb wird so weit eingekürzt, dass er sich auf ganzer Länge gut verzweigt, ebenso die längeren Seitenzweige. Die weiteren Schnittmaßnahmen beschränken sich im Wesentlichen auf die sogenannte Fruchtholzverjüngung: Man entfernt, das alte, stark verästelte Fruchtholz, indem man es hinter einem jüngeren Seitenzweig abschneidet.


Zur Erziehung einer Pyramidenkrone wählt man am Kronenansatz drei bis vier kräftige, gut verteilte seitliche Leittriebe aus und kürzt diese um etwa ein Drittel ein. Alle anderen stärkeren Seitentriebe werden entfernt. Der Mitteltrieb wird ebenfalls eingekürzt, sodass er mindestens eine Scherenlänge höher endet als die Spitzen der seitlichen Leittriebe. Pyramidenkronen sind die bevorzugte Kronenform für stark wachsende Birnbäume. Sie verursachen auch in den Folgejahren vergleichsweise viel Schnittaufwand. Alle Wasserreiser sowie die nach innen wachsenden Triebe müssen entfernt werden, damit die Krone schön locker und luftig bleibt.


Spalierbäume sind eine Erziehungsform, die bei Birnen ebenfalls sehr beliebt ist. Am einfachsten ist ein Spalier mit waagerecht abstehenden Seitenästen. Die Bäumchen müssen schon im jungen Alter darauf vorbereitet werden, indem man sie vor ein geeignetes Draht- oder Holzspalier setzt, die dafür geeigneten Triebe waagerecht herunterbindet und so weit einkürzt, dass sie auf ganzer Länge Seitenzweige und Fruchtholz bilden. Die senkrecht hochwachsenden Triebe müssen im Sommer entweder abgerissen oder auf kurze Zapfen gestutzt werden. Der Erziehungsschnitt erfolgt bei Birnen in der Regel im Spätwinter. Erhaltungsschnitte kann man nach der Ernte im September oder ebenfalls im Spätwinter vornehmen. Je später man im Frühjahr schneidet, desto schwächer treibt der Baum aus.



MSG Folkert Siemens

Die wärmeliebenden Birnen werden gerne als Spalierbäume an der Hauswand gezogen – wie dieses junge Birnenspalier in Doppel-U-Form mit senkrechten Fruchtästen




Auch neuere Birnensorten sind ausnahmslos selbstunfruchtbar. Sie benötigen also eine andere Sorte in der Nähe, damit die Blüten bestäubt werden. Sofern es in den Nachbargärten in Bienenflug-Entfernung keinen anderen Birnbaum gibt, sollten Sie gleich zwei unterschiedliche Sorten pflanzen. Viele Gartencenter bieten auch sogenannte Duo-Bäume mit zwei unterschiedlichen Sorten auf einem Baum an – sie sind für kleine Gärten ein guter Kompromiss.


Ernte und Verwertung.


Der optimale Erntezeitpunkt ist bei Birnen nicht leicht zu erkennen. Als Faustregel gilt: frühe Sorten möglichst früh, lagerfähige Herbst- und Winterbirnen möglichst spät pflücken. Eines sollten Sie auf keinen Fall tun: Birnen schütteln! Stattdessen alle zum Einlagern vorgesehenen Früchte einzeln pflücken, nebeneinander in flache Kisten oder Horden setzen und in einem möglichst kühlen Raum, fernab von Äpfeln, einlagern. Den empfindlichen Birnen bekommt die Gesellschaft anderer Obstarten auch in der Obstschale gar nicht. Sie reifen dann schneller nach, als man sie aufessen kann.

Birnen schmecken am besten frisch vom Baum. Haben Sie eine vollreife, saftige Birne schon einmal wie eine Avocado der Länge nach aufgeschnitten und das weiche Fruchtfleisch herausgelöffelt? Ein Hochgenuss! Wenn Sie Ihre Birnen einkochen wollen, sollten Sie sie kurz vor der Vollreife pflücken. So bleiben sie auch im Glas bissfest. Für Birnenmus oder -kompott dürfen die Früchte hingegen gerne vollreif sein – umso aromatischer ist das Ergebnis.




Birnen werden wie Äpfel ausschließlich durch Veredlung vermehrt. Entweder durch die sogenannte Winterhandveredlung als Kopulation auf wurzelnackte Sämlinge oder im Sommer durch die Okulation, bei der ein Auge mit einem Rindenstreifen der Edelsorte hinter die t-förmig aufgeschnittene Rinde der Veredlungsunterlage geschoben wird. Eine Besonderheit bei den Birnen ist, dass einige Sorten sich für bestimmte Unterlagen nicht eignen. In diesem Fall muss zunächst als "Zwischenstück" eine verträgliche Sorte auf die Unterlage veredelt werden. Auf diese wird dann nach einem Jahr wiederum auf der gewünschten Kronenhöhe die Edelsorte gepfropft. Die genannten Veredlungsmethoden brauchten zwar etwas Übung, experimentierfreudige Hobbygärtner sollten sich daran aber ruhig einmal versuchen. Grundsätzlich wachsen Birnenveredlungen nämlich ähnlich leicht an wie veredelte Äpfel.

Die Steckholz-Vermehrung ist bei Birnen zwar ebenfalls möglich, aber die Ausfallraten sind sehr hoch und man kann die Wuchskraft der Bäume steuern. Deshalb eignet sich diese Methode nicht für die professionelle Vermehrung.


Krankheiten und Schädlinge.


Eine der häufigsten Krankheiten, die nahezu jeden Birnbaum früher oder später befällt, ist der Birnengitterrost. Die Pilzkrankheit lässt sich nur durch regelmäßige vorbeugende Spritzungen von Anfang April bis Ende Juni vorbeugen. Geeignet sind Schwefelpräparate oder Schachtelhalmbrühe. Ist der Baum bereits infiziert, sollten Sie zu Kupferpräparaten greifen. Achten Sie darauf, dass in der Umgebung der Birnen kein Chinesischer Wacholder (Juniperus chinensis) und kein Sadebaum (Juniperus sabina) wachsen – beide sind Winterwirte des Gitterrostpilzes. Weitaus schlimmer und im Hausgarten unheilbar ist der Feuerbrand. Man erkennt ihn an braunschwarzen Triebspitzen, die wie verkohlt aussehen. Wenn die meldepflichtige Bakterieninfektion im Garten auftritt, müssen die befallenen Pflanzen sofort entfernt und verbrannt werden.

Unter den tierischen Schädlingen können vor allem Wühlmäuse zum Problem werden. Sie fressen die Wurzeln der Birnbäume an und können junge Pflanzen so stark schädigen, dass diese eingehen. Wenn Sie Wühlmäuse im Garten haben, sollten Sie Ihre Birnbäume in große Schutzkörbe aus engmaschigem Draht pflanzen.


Quelle der Zitate:

Серия сообщений "Baeume.":
Часть 1 - Birne, Birnbaum.

Серия сообщений "Садоводство. Obstanbau.":
Часть 2 - Уход за грушей и яблоней по этапам роста.
Часть 25 - Как, чем и когда удобрять кусты смородины.
Часть 26 - Боярышник в саду.
Часть 27 - Birne, Birnbaum.

          SPS/IPC/Drives, Security and Safety        
By Alexander Damisch The annual SPS/IPC/Drives event was held in Nuremberg last week, this event brings together the global leaders in automation space, including Bachmann, KW Software, ABB, Siemens, Rockwell, Yaskawa and Schneider Electric to name a few! Some key themes...

open source alternative to commercial private branch exchange (PBX) systems

Version: 4.0.2

The sipXecs IP PBX is an open source alternative to commercial private branch exchange (PBX) systems from vendors such as Avaya, Nortel, Cisco, Siemens, NEC and others. Vis-a-vis Asterisk sipXecs scales to larger installations, offers more unified communications features and is easier to use. The sipXecs IP PBX is a native SIP based solution that offers all the typical features expected from a PBX, including voicemail, unified messaging, auto-attendant, conferencing, presence and call center capabilities. The sipXecs IP PBX can be deployed on a single server for smaller installations or as a distributed and optionally redundant system for larger deployments. It's Web Services (SOA) based management and configuration system allows centralized management of a distributed system and offers plug & play configuration for all phones and gateways.
          Demand for Rural Electrification Seals Asia Pacific’s Dominance in Global Small Hydropower Market         
The rising demand for renewable sources of energy is the chief factor aiding the expansion of the global small hydropower market. Currently, Asia Pacific is exhibiting incredible opportunities for the market, holding a position of dominance with a share of over 70% in 2014. The region is projected to maintain its lead over the forthcoming years as well. Europe held the second-leading share of nearly 13% in the market in 2014 and is expected to maintain its position between 2015 and 2023.  Favorable Policies Promoting Rural Electrification to Accelerate Demand for Small Hydropower in Asia Pacific The market in Asia Pacific can be further sub-segmented into Japan, India, China, and Rest of Asia Pacific. Among these nations, both India and China report a high demand for rural electrifications. With these countries taking proactive initiatives towards ensuring access to electricity even across remote locations and favorable regulations promoting the use of renewable energy, the demand for small hydropower is expected to increase further in the near future.  Some of leading participants in the Asia Pacific small hydropower market are Siemens AG, Voith GmbH, and Alstom AG. Besides these international participants, the market also exhibits substantial representation from the domestic players. Apart from the increase demand for power, favorable regulations such as Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yogjna (RGGVY) will promote the use of energy derived from small hydropower plants in Asia Pacific.  Rising Opportunities in Italy and Russia to Support Market’s Growth in Europe Besides India and China, the market will also witness lucrative opportunities across Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam. In Europe the market will witness rising opportunities in Russia and Italy. The increase share of renewable energy across these countries will give significant impetus to the small hydropower market in Europe.  Some of the other prominent regional markets for small hydropower are North America, South and Central America, and the Middle East and Asia Pacific. ANDRITZ HYDRO GmbH, BC Hydro, and StatKraft AS are a few prominent participants operating in the global small hydropower market. 

Original Post Demand for Rural Electrification Seals Asia Pacific’s Dominance in Global Small Hydropower Market source Twease
          Prime Factors Fuelling Fire Alarm Equipment Market, Introduction of Compulsory Health Safety Guidelines a Major Factor        
Owing to the rising frequency of security problems and fire accidents¸ the fire alarm equipment market has experienced maturity in the past few years globally. However, due to the ongoing innovations in product and technology, the market keeps on expanding constantly. There are numerous types of fire alarm equipment and systems introduced in the market including heat detectors, smoke detectors, flame detectors utilized in private buildings, public buildings, industrial settings, and commercial spaces. Fire alarm equipment is utilized in warehouses, chemical factories, airports, theaters, drilling platforms, churches, office building, pumping stations, large-scale garages, apartments, sewage plants, and museums, among others. The key factors stimulating the market for fire alarm equipment are mentioned as follows: The increasing demand from the construction industry for fire alarm equipment is a key growth factor but is dependent on the factor that the modern buildings and new constructions for housing and public facilities use the latest technology of fire detection systems. The introduction of the compulsory health safety guidelines is also a prime factor propelling the growth of the market.  Various nations’ judicial needs such as the Building Code of Australia and the Fire Protection Association within the U.S have made the installation of fire detection equipment compulsory. These include smoke alarms and fire alarms. This factor majorly fuels the fire alarm equipment market. A number of strict government regulation have ensured the security and safety of laborers employed within numerous industries.  The penetration of cutting-edge technologies including human machine interface (HMI), wireless sensory networks, nanotechnology, and smart buildings have also immensely taken part in the expansion of the market for fire alarm equipment.  The increasing awareness about fire prevention and protection amongst the population has also greatly fuelled the demand for fire alarm systems.  Thus, all of these factors are poised to bring in new opportunities for the growth of the market, augmenting market growth. However, the absence of adequate control and compliance may restrain the development of the market for fire alarm equipment in the coming years. The prominent players dominant in the market are TYCO, Protec Fire Detection, Siemens, Johnson Controls, Bosch Security Systems, United Technologies Corporation (UTC), Honeywell, London Security, and Mircom Group of Companies, among others.

Original Post Prime Factors Fuelling Fire Alarm Equipment Market, Introduction of Compulsory Health Safety Guidelines a Major Factor source Twease
          Increasing Security Concerns Augments Global Digital Door Lock Systems Market        
Digital door lock systems also known as electromechanical locks have been developed and designed to lock and unlock upon receiving instructions from an authorized devices. These can be received through cryptographic key and wireless protocol to complete the authorization process. The global digital door locks systems market is segmented on the basis of type, end users, and geography. On the basis of type, the global digital door lock systems market is segmented into biometrics and keypad locks. The biometrics segment includes face recognition, iris recognition, voice recognition, signature recognition, palm recognition, and fingerprint recognition. The keypad locks segment is inclusive of electromechanical door locks, magnetic stripe locks, and electric strike locks. The end users of digital door lock systems are the government, commercial, industrial, and residential sectors. Geographically, this market is segmented into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East and Africa, and Latin America. Small and Mid-sized Enterprises to Propel Digital Door Lock Systems According to research reports, the commercial sector holds the largest share in the global digital door lock systems market. The residential segment follows in the second place. Analysts predict that small and mid-sized enterprises and homeowners will drive this market in the near future. The manufacturers likely to leave a mark in the aforementioned sectors are Weiser Lock, Godrej & Boyce, Siemens AG, and Assa-Abloy. Analysts’ state that these companies will make digital door locks systems for the commercial as well as the residential sector, which will factor in various types of biometrics such as palm, fingerprints, and voice to identify entrants.  Institutes to Drive Demand for Digital Door Lock Systems The biggest demand for digital door lock systems will come from institutional and commercial customers such as corporate workplaces, hospitals, universities, airports, government agencies, shopping malls, and other buildings that require tight security. 

Original Post Increasing Security Concerns Augments Global Digital Door Lock Systems Market source Twease
          Eladó retro retró siemens és xelibri mobiltelefon csomag - Jelenlegi ára: 2 050 Ft        
Eladó a képeken látható retró siemens és xelibri mobiltelefon csomag. Némelyikhez van akksi, de a legtöbbhöz nincs, tesztelni nem tudom őket, működésükről nem tudok semmit.
Személyes átvétel Budapesten, postázás csak előre utalás esetén lehetséges.
Eladó retro retró siemens és xelibri mobiltelefon csomag
Jelenlegi ára: 2 050 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-08-11 13:34
          New-generation Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices Set to Revolutionize Disease Management for Patients         
The global market for cardiovascular monitoring and diagnostic devices market has seen significant growth in the past few years. Quite understandably, the globally rising number of people with cardiovascular diseases is the major drive of this market. Sedentary lifestyles and poor diet and exercising habits are considered to be the major factors leading to the rising number of patients with cardiovascular diseases, and of several other lifestyle-related and chronic diseases. The rising prevalence of a number of chronic diseases in all parts of the globe is considered one of the major challenges before the world currently. The WHO states that cardiovascular diseases will be the leading cause of mortality across the globe by 2030. This shocking fact has urged several healthcare companies to offer healthcare monitoring and disease diagnostic solutions that are affordable and easily accessible to the general consumer at large. Healthcare giants such as Boston Scientific Corporation, Philips Healthcare, GE Healthcare, St. Jude Medical, Inc., Nihon Kohden Corporation, Welch Allyn, Inc., and Siemens Healthcare are increasingly focusing towards the development of simple solutions for the complex ailments related to human heart. The market for cardiovascular monitoring and diagnostic devices is thus reaching a level of maturation as several new devices are being introduced in the market on a regular basis. Several new cardiovascular diagnostic and monitoring devices in the market also have features that can offer information about preventive measures to the users. A recent study by the European Society of Cardiology demonstrates that with the entry of next-generation devices such as smartwatches and the technological advancements seen in the market in the past few years, heart rate monitoring technologies have become easily reachable to a vast consumer base. These next-generation cardiovascular monitoring devices come with the ability to diagnose and identify conditions such as atrial fibrillation. With features such as activity tracking, portability, and connectivity, these devices are becoming the best possible alternatives to non-invasive devices for cardiovascular conditions.

Original Post New-generation Cardiovascular Monitoring Devices Set to Revolutionize Disease Management for Patients source Twease
          Technical Advancements Drive Global Chromatography Systems Market Prominently        
The global market for chromatography systems has witnessed a remarkable rise in its valuation over the past few years. The technical advancement of devices used in chromatography has supported this market in carving a niche for itself in the global arena. The increasing need of protein purification is anticipated to propel the demand for chromatography systems, boosting the market significantly in the forthcoming years. North America is the current leader of the global market for chromatography systems. The advancements in the field of pharmacy and biotechnology have fueled this regional market to a great extent. It is also projected to retain its leadership over the next few years. Europe is the second-largest market for chromatography systems across the world. In 2012, it occupied a share of around 30% in the global chromatography systems market. The high demand for chromatography systems from various end users such as the pharmaceutical sector, the food industry, hospitals, research laboratories, and the agriculture market is projected to stimulate this regional market in the near future. The Asia Pacific chromatography systems market is also expected to post impressive rise, registering the fastest growth rate in the coming years. The increasing research and development activities among market participants has significantly driven the global chromatography systems market so far and its future also looks healthy. However, the high cost associated with chromatography devices and systems as well as their maintenance is likely to hamper the growth of this market in the coming years. On the flip side, the rising investment in the emerging markets for chromatography systems in developing economies are projected to boost the global market for chromatography systems in the near future. Some of the major manufacturers of chromatography systems in the global arena are PerkinElmer Inc., Siemens, Agilent Technologies Inc., Jasco Inc., Sigma-Aldrich Co., Shimadzu Corp., Regis Technologies Inc., Waters Corp., Illumina Inc., F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., GE Healthcare, Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., Affymetrix Inc., and Konik Nanobiotech.

Original Post Technical Advancements Drive Global Chromatography Systems Market Prominently source Twease
          Andritz Bags Two Hydropower Contracts worth US$55 mn        
Small hydropower provides renewable source of electricity which can be used both on-grid and off-grid. Increasing demand for electricity has propelled the growth of the global small hydropower market. Small hydropower is built either with the flow of river or with the help of existing dams. Turbines, transformers, generators, and reservoirs are the various parts of a small hydropower system. Hydroelectric energy is the cleanest form of energy and this fact has pushed its generation across nations. Currently, hydropower accounts for around 20% of the global electricity supply.  Some of the key players in the global small hydropower market are Ontario Power Generation Inc., Siemens AG, Voith GmbH, Andritz Hydro GmbH, StatKraft, and others. The key players are also involved in rehabilitation projects associated with hydropower projects. Andritz Hydro has recently taken up one such rehabilitation projects in Malawi and New Zealand. The Austria-based small hydropower manufacturer has won contract from Mighty River Power Ltd. in New Zealand to work on three power generating units at the 78- MW Aratiatia hydroelectric project. Andritz Hydro will design, deliver, and install three generators and will provide components for the plant’s turbines.  The 50-year old plant is expected to gain reliability and efficiency with the help of these generators. On the other hand, in Malawi, Millennium Challenge Account has contracted Andritz to refurbish the 38-MW Nkula A hydro project. Under the contract, Andritz will modernize the plant’s powerhouse, gates, penstocks, and intake structures as well as new turbine runners, generators, a high-voltage hybrid switching station, and a control system. According to Andritz, the total value of both the projects is worth US$55 mn. Repairs at both the plant sites are expected to be over by 2018. 

Original Post Andritz Bags Two Hydropower Contracts worth US$55 mn source Twease
          A fosta odata Uzina de Reparat Utilaj Minier Petrosani (U.R.U.M.P) - Locul unde a luat nastere "Coloana Infinitului lui Brancus"        
    ÈŠn 1868  „Societatea de mine şi cuptoare” din Braşov, construieşte la Petroşani locuinÅ£a administratorului minelor în zona minei Petroşani Est. Lângă aceasta se vor construi şi o clădire destinată birourilor dar şi câteva locuinÅ£e pentru funcÅ£ionari. Aceste clădiri vor deveni nucleul în jurul căruia va apărea colonia  â€žPraga”.
    LocuinÅ£a administratorului beneficia de un mare parc pe care în 1909 se construiesc Atelierele Centrale Petroşani, ce aveau rolul de a deservi Minele Lonea, Petrila, Petroşani Est şi Vest, dar şi mina Aninoasa cu lucrări mai complicate ce nu puteau fi făcute în atelierele acestora (Baron 1998  p45).  
     ConstrucÅ£ia clădirii a început în 1909 şi a fost finalizată în 1910, ulterior fiind extinsă în mai multe etape. Tot în 1910 se dă în folosinţă şi turnătoria de fontă, care la finele anului 1925 va fi mărită şi dotată cu  cubilouri de 1000 kg şi un cuptor de uscat forme (Caietele PETRO-AQUA nr.10 pag.63).

     După cum reiese din Monografia  Societăţii Anonime Române „Petroşani, pentru exploatarea minelor de cărbuni, în 1925, aceste ateliere aveau în dotare: şase strunguri de diferite mărimi ce erau acÅ£ionate electric, trei raboteze pentru prelucrarea fierului şi două pentru lemn, cilindri pentru îndoirea metalelor, maşini de nituit şi de perforat. Ȋn fierărie sunt 12 focuri duble, un ciocan „Ajax” şi o turnătorie în care se pot turma piese până la 600 kg (Monografia SAR 1925 pag. 123).
Interiorul Atelierului Mecanic Central Petroşani ((Monografia SAR 1925 pag. 122).

Ȋn 1931 se reuşeşte fuzionarea dintre Societatea „Petroşani” şi Societatea „Lupeni”, iar noua conducere pentru a reduce din cheltuieli va proceda la comasarea unor activităţi auxiliare. Astfel cele două centrale electrice supradimensionate se vor lega, una dintre ele fiind închisă. Vor fi de asemenea concentrate serviciile electro-mecanic şi cel de administrare al coloniilor ( Baron 1998 pag.158).
     Ȋn acea perioadă diversele grupuri miniere aveau ateliere centrale proprii mult prea mari. Ȋn această situaÅ£ie se hotărăşte concentrarea acestora într-o singură unitatea ce se va numi „Atelierele Centrale Petroşani” şi vor fi subordonate DirecÅ£iei Generale ( Baron 1998 pag.163) .    

     La turnătoria A.C.P., în 1932, se pune în funcÅ£iune un cuptor Siemens-Suckert, cu arc voltaic, iar pentru realizarea formelor mai complicate este montată o masină Badische Maschinefabrik care lucra după şablon. Detensionarea pieselor turnate în vederea prelucrării mecanice la rece se realiza cu un cuptor Szikla-Rozinek (Caietele PETRO-AQUA nr 10 pag.64).
    După punerea în funcÅ£une în 1935 a unei prese Pels de 400 t a fost posibilă înlocuirea parcului vechi de vagoneÅ£i din dotarea SAR Petroşani cu 1500 de vagoneÅ£i noi tip „Standard”. Ȋn paralel se produc ventilatoare, tuburi de aeraj, pompe, cupe şi piese pentru funiculare, ciururi pentru preparaÅ£ii, benzi cu raclete etc. (Caietele PETRO-AQUA pag.64). 
     Pentru a asigura necesarul de muncitori calificaÅ£i, în 1936 pe lângă Atelierele Centrale Petroşani se înfiinÅ£ează „Şcoala de ucenici” ce oferea posibilitatea calificării în diferite meserii ca de exemplu: lăcătuşi, strungari, frezori, electricieni etc.
     Cei 151 de elevi ai şcolii, de la ora 7 la 13 lucrau în uzină iar după-amiaza aveau cursuri teoretice. La terminarea fiecărui an, din cei patru cât dura şcoala, era susÅ£inut un examen teoretic şi practic.      
     Ȋn perioada 1-15 august 1937, Constantin Brâncuşi şi ing. Gorjanu de la A.C.P.  stabilesc dimensiunile optime pentru viitoarea Coloană a infinitului.

     Ȋn partea a doua a lunii august, timp de trei zile Brăncuşi ciopleşte în atelierul de modelare de la A.C.P. o faţă a unui element al coloanei, aici relizându-se apoi un model din lemn de tei în vederea turnării. Ȋn continuare au fost turnate din fontă elementele şi s-au realizat cele trei tronsoane ale stâlpului central apoi au fost transportate la Târgul de fân din oraşul Tg. Jiu unde în 15 noiembrie este terminată montarea Coloanei infinitului. Anul următor în perioada 20 iunie 25 iulie, firma elveÅ£iană „Metalizarea”, care avea şi în România o filială, execută operaÅ£iunea de acoperire prin pulverizare cu zinc şi apoi cu alamă a Coloanei infinitului (Caietele PETRO-AQUA nr 10 pag.15). 
     La Lupeni în 1938 este realizată o grindă metalică, cu o lungime de 2 m, din două profile metalice „U” sudate spate în spate. Această inovaÅ£ie ca de altfel şi stâlipii metalici cu fricÅ£iune de 100 kg vor intra în fabricaÅ£ie la A.C.P. şi vor fi utilizaÅ£i în toate unităţile miniere ale societăţii ( Baron 1998 pag. 214).
      Tot în 1938, Atelierele Centrale Petroşani alături de firma „O.Kohom and Co”, furnizează maşinile şi instalaÅ£iile necesare punerii în funcÅ£iune a Societăţii „Vâscoza” din Lupeni ( Baron 1998 pag.271).

      Activitatea productivă este în continuă dezvoltare trecându-se la realizarea unor produse de înaltă tehnologie cum ar fi: aparate autocalor, racitoare cu pompă de vid, aparate pentru regenerarea uleiurilor, radiatoare pentru încălzit, pompe cu piston, motare cu explozie cu bezină sau petrol, motociclete mici etc. (Caietele PETRO-AQUA nr 10 pag.65).
Pagini din Agenda SAR Petroşani pe anul 1938

     Diversificarea producÅ£iei a dus şi la creşterea numărului de angajaÅ£i. Astfel dacă în 1925 erau 96 de angajaÅ£i dintre care 86 de muncitori, în anul 1939 A.C.P. aveau 28 de secÅ£ii cu un efectiv de 704 angajaÅ£i dintre care 654 de muncitori.
     Acest avânt al dezvoltării va fi stagnat de situaÅ£ia politică premergătoare şi apoi de cea de-a doua conflagraÅ£ie mondială.
    O imagine corectă asupra dotării de care dispuneau Atelierele Centrale Petroşani o putem obÅ£ine studiind fişa obiectelor de inventar la Societatea „Petroşani” Valea Jiului din 30 iunie 1940.
    Pe coloana a şasea a acestei fişe sunt trecute Atelierele Centrale Petroşani cu  următorul inventar:
( Baron 1998 pag. 259-264).
O întâmplare fericită avea să aducă ceva nou în activitatea A.C.P.. Ȋn 1936 inginerul şef al Atelierelor Centrale , Ştefan Georgescu Gorjanu, revenind cu automobilul dintr-o delegaţie la Braşov, în oraşul Făgăraş are o pană de motor. Ȋn timp ce era remediată defecţiunea inginerul Georgescu Gorjanu îl cunoşte pe tânărul inginer Gustav Felix Stof , constructor şi inspector de planoare.
     Ȋn urma discuÅ£iilor purtate cu tânărul inginer, ing. Georescu Gorjanu pleacă etuziasmat şi hotărât să facă tot posibilul pentru deschiderea unui Aeroclub la Petroşani.
    Ȋntors acasă, ia legătura cu Directorul general al S.A.R. Petroşani, inginerul Tiberiu Timoc, şi cu sprijinul acestuia se înfiinÅ£ează în iunie 1936 Aeroclubul Petroşani (Ionel Berechete, Cornel Moraru, 1996,pag. 9).   
    Pe lânga A.C.P. se va înfiinÅ£a un atelier special pentru construirea de planoare, atelier care a fost dotat cu materiale, scule şi unelte speciale pentru această activitate.
    Ȋn acest atelier, sub conducerea inginerului Gustav Felix Stof se va construi planorul „Mândra I”, primul planor ce a zburat în Valea Jiului (Ionel Berechete, Cornel Moraru, 1996,pag. 9).  
   După terminarea celui de al II-lea Război mondial Atelierele Centrale Petroaşani vor trece în proprietatea statului.
   De acum acestea vor purta diferite denumiri ca de exemplu: URUMP, IUMP, UUMP, UMIROM, GEROM,  funcÅ£ie uneori de ministerul de care aparÅ£ineau. Dar numai numele se schimba specificul acestei uzine a rămas axat pe producerea de utilaje şi aparatură pentru industria minieră. 
   TradiÅ£ia implicării conducerii acestei uzine şi în activităţi conexe care să creeze un cadru organizat, în care muncitorii de aici să poată să-şi dezvolte unele pasiuni a continuat şi aşa au apărut o echipă de fotbal un cor şi un club de turism montan.

Astfel în 1957 se înfiinÅ£ează AsociaÅ£ia Sportivă „Utilajul” care în perioada de început a sprijinit sportul de masă, în special în rândurile elevilor Şcolii de ucenici ce fiinÅ£a pe lângă uzină. Abia în 1965 asociaÅ£ia dobândeşte statutul legal, stabilindu-şi culorile  roşu-alb-albastru.
     Ȋn anul 1987 se înfiinÅ£ează în cadrul asociaÅ£iei secÅ£ia de handbal, care pe sigla are şi o minge.
     AsociaÅ£ia avea şi secÅ£ii de rugby, schi şi turism. Ȋn anul 1996, odata cu începutul declinului întreprinderii, asociaÅ£ia este desfiinÅ£ată.
     ȊnfiinÅ£at în urmă cu peste 40 de ani, la 06.06.1973, Clubul de turism montan „AMICII PARȊNGULUI”, susÅ£inut de Ȋntreprinderea de Utilaj Minier Petroşani şi-a emis propriile insigne.
(Viorel Stroe „Amicii Parângului” – Clubul turistic cu trei insigne Jurnal Insignografic nr.14/2015).
     Ȋn 8 iunie 1977  are loc primul concert al corul „Armonii Tinere” înfiinÅ£at pe lângă Ȋntreprinderea de Utilaj Minier Petroşani.
      ÈŠn 1977, în cadrul întreprinderii îşi desfăşoară activitatea un număr total de 3.166 salariaÅ£i, din care 2.950 muncitori productivi şi auxiliari şi 216 personal TESA. Din totalul de 3.166 angajaÅ£i, un număr de 620 sunt membri de partid” (Prăvălia cu istorii / Ziarul Vaii Jiului din 12.10. 2012.).   
     După mişcările sociale ce au avut ca efect căderea regimului comunist în anul 1989, începe declinul activităţii acestui obiectiv industrial deosebit de important pentru Valea Jiului.
Ce a mai ramas in prezent

Dupa privatizarea de către fostul FPS, în anul 2000 avand datorii ce insumau avea datorii de 67,952 miliarde de lei, la un capital social de 45 miliarde de lei, este cumparata de fostul prefect Aurel Seraficeanu pentru  7, 9 miliarde lei vechi, ce urmau sa fie platiti in transe. Serafinceanu promitea la momentul cumparatii redresarea societatii, dar acest lucru nu s-a mai intamplat, iar treptat ce nu a ajuns la centele de colectare a fierului vechi a ajuns sa fie vandut bucata cu bucata pe site'urile de anunturi ...

In vremea in care cladirile care adapostesc aceste ultime utilaje ramase sunt intr'o stare de degradare foarte avansata.

Cu tristete scriu aceste ultime randuri cand ma gandesc ca multi din locuitorii acestui orasel de munte au muncit cu multa mandrie aici, inclusiv parintii mei. La inceputurile anilor '90 am facut si eu ucenicia pe aici avand ocazia sa cunosc meseriasi cum astazi nu cred ca se mai gasesc foarte multi, care s'au vazut intr'o buna zi pe drumuri fara a stii incotro sa o mai apuce, multi dintre ei fiind la varstre mijlocii cu posibilitati reduse de a se mai angaja undeva in meserii care dintr'o data nu mai aveau cautare, industria Romaniei incepand sa fie pusa pe butuci. Uzina asta, "Materinatea Coloanei Infinitului", spre deosebire de altele locuri putea sa fie restructurata si salvata pentru ca daca ar fi avut parte de un management inteligent si nu de interese mafiote, mai mult ca sigur ca putea fi reorietata destul de usor inspre orice tip de productie avand utilaje de generatie noua la vremea aia si mai ales un personal foarte bine calificat! Din pacate in urma unui certificat PUZ care exista pe la Primaria Petrosani din 2011 se pare ca soarta ii este pecetluita pentru totdeauna, cladirile vechii societati urmand a fi candva demolate, iar pe locul ramas urmand sa fie ridicat un centru comercial.

Nu inchei inainte de a multumii celor de la de unde am preluat cateva fotografii pentru ilustrarea acestui document precum si tuturor surselor citate din care ne'am documentat pentru alcatuirea acestui articol-document. De asemenea, avansez rugamintea ca cei care simt ca pot completa acest articol sa o faca fara nici o grija,  asteptam competarile lor la adresa de email din sectiunea "Despre noi".

Puscasu Ioan Dumitru

Completari, editare si punere in pagina:
Florin Mugurel

Fotografii:, arhiva orasului;


- Mircea Baron 1998 
- Ionel Berechete, Cornel Moraru, 1996
(1925) Petroşani Societate Anonimă Română pentru exploatarea minelor de cărbuni – 
                 Monografie  Editura „CARTEA ROMÂNEASCĂ” S.A.  Bucureşti.
- Caietele PETRO-AQUA 

          Mina Petrila, un final anuntat - Partea a II-a        

    Ȋncă din vara anului 1914 Mina DEAK a făcut parte din cele două „Detaşamente militare de muncă” înfiinÅ£ate în Valea Jiului. Un detaşament era format în partea de Vest a văii, din minele Societăţii URICANI, iar cel de al doi-lea din minele Societăţii SALGOTARJAN şi minele statului (maghiar) de la Lonea. Detaşamentele au fost constituite în baza legii din 20 decembrie 1912 şi aveau un regim militar. Muncitorii nu puteau să-şi părăsească funcÅ£ia şi locul de muncă înainte ca aceste detaşmente să fi fost desfiinÅ£ate. ȊncadraÅ£i în aceste detaşamente minerii trebuiau să lucreze şi duminica iar în zilele în care nu lucrau trebuiau să meargă la instruirea militară. Programul de lucru a fost prelungit la 10 şi chiar 12 ore, iar recalcitranÅ£ii erau aspru pedepsiÅ£i dintre pedepse nelipsind bătaia, carcera, legarea de stâlp sau chiar închisoarea (Jujan, Svoboda, 2009, p.78).  După terminarea războiului în 1918 aceste detaşamente au fost dizolvate.
     Ani războiului au înrăutăţit situaÅ£ia muncitorilor din Valea Jiului, lipsei de materiale şi a dotării tehnice destul de precare adăugândui-se şi concedierile cauzate de închiderea unor mine considerate ca fiind nerentabile.

    Creşterea numărului de accidente, lipsa alimentelor sau a medicamentelor, ineficienÅ£a ajutorului social cumulate cu cele de mai sus au dus la intensificarea luptei sindicale a minerilor.

    Ȋn data de 7 decembrie 1918 prin H.C.M. 1064, minele de cărbune din Valea Jiului trec în administra-rea statului. Mina Lonea ce aparÅ£inea statului maghiar este pusă sub sechestru asigurator. O altă problemă majoră a societăţii maghiare a fost revenirea la programul de 8 ore, ramânând astfel descoperit un schimb de lucru, ceea ce presupunea angajarea unui număr de mucitori cărora trebuia să le fie asigurate locuinÅ£e. Toate acestea ar fi însemnat costuri suplimentare mari.

     Pentru a-şi micşora pierderile Societatea SALGOTARJAN încearcă să-şi vândă activele către Consiliu Dirigent Cluj, care pe motiv că nu dispune de fonduri suficiente amână tranzacÅ£ia. Activele Societăţii SALGOTARJAN erau evaluate la 100 milioane de lei (inclusiv dreptul de exploatare).
     Dar Legea nr.2162 din 6 iunie 1919 interzice acordare oricăror titului de descoperitor sau autorizaÅ£ii de concesiune sau exploatare a cărbunelui prevăzut la art.2 din „Legea Minelor”. Iar Decretul lege nr.4241 din 7 octombrie 1919 interzice orice tranzacÅ£ie legată de activitatea minieră sau industrială de pe teritoriul ţării până la trecerea a şase luni de la semnarea tratatului de pace (Jujan, Svoboda, 2009, p.84).
      Ȋn aprilie 1920, Banca Românească şi Creditul Extern în parteneriat cu Banque Commerciale Houngroise din Pesta încheie o convenÅ£ie în care capitalul românesc era egal cu cel maghiar, Consiliul de AdministraÅ£ie avea un număr egal de membri de fiecare parte. Ȋn plus partea română numea preşedintele Consiliului de AdministraÅ£ie şi Directorul General. 

    Pentru a asigura o cât mai largă participare a mediului financiar din Å£ară cele două mari puteri financiare (Banca Românească şi Creditul extern) intră în partenerit cu mai multe banci dintre care amintim: Banca Albina, Banca Agricolă, Banca Comercială Română, Banca de Credit Român, Banca Chrissoveloni, Banca de Scont, Banca Ţărănească, Banca Viticolă, Creditul Miner şi altele.
     Grupul Român astfel constituit împreună cu Societatea SALGOTARJAN şi Banque Commerciale Houngroise din Pesta vor forma Societatea Anonimă „Petroşani”. Statutul şi actul constitutiv fiind autentificate de Tribunalul Ilfov, SecÅ£ia Notariat la nr. 22.317 din 8 octombrie 1920.
     AutorizaÅ£ia de funcÅ£ionare dată de Ministerul de Industrie vine în ianuarie 1921, iar preluarea inventarului şi deci începrea funcÅ£ionării Societăţii „Petroşani” are loc la 14 februarie 1921(S.A.R. , 1925, p.19-20). 
     Ȋn baza acestui act statul român preia activitatea minieră din Valea Jiului şi ca urmare societate se va compune din două grupuri:
          Grupul Petroşani cu minele:Deak Petrila, Petroşani Est, Petroşani Vest, Dâlja şi Aninoasa;
          Grupul Vulcan cu minele:Vulcan Est, Vulcan Vest şi Mina Chorin. 
   La Mina Petrila la acea dată (1920) se efectuau lucrări de exploatre între orizoantele 3 şi 4 fiind exploatat stratul principal nr.3. 
     Se începe pregătirea orizontului 5 iar puÅ£ul orb nr.1 se adânceşte între orizoantele 4 şi 5. Vechiul puÅ£ Deak (construit în 1869) ne mai făcând faţă noilor cerinÅ£e, în imediata apropiere, în culcuşul stratului principal de la cota 633 se reiau lucrările de săpare şi amenajare a noului puÅ£ de extracÅ£ie săpat iniÅ£ial la o adâncime de 189 m iar mai apoi adâncit la 300 m. Lucrările de amenajare a noului puÅ£ s-au finalizat în 1926, puÅ£ul find prevăzut cu un turn metalic.
    Lângă acest puÅ£ sunt construite sala cazanelor (ce asigurau aburul necesar funcÅ£ionării maşinii), sala maşinii de extracÅ£ie, sala compresoarelor (cele două compresoare Ingeson erau acÅ£ionate de o maşină cu aburi având pistoane gemene şi puteau asigura o cantitate de 10 mcaer/minut la o presiune de 6 atm.), instalaÅ£ia de rambleu (Jujan, Svoboda, 2009, p.90-91).
    Ca o curiozitate dar cu efect destul de grav asupra bunului mers al exploatării la mina Petrila, putem aminti marea inundaÅ£ie provocată de ploile din zilele de 29 şi 30 septembrie 1924. Apele Jiului au rupt malurile destul de piezişe iar apa a pătruns în subteranele minei, de unde din fericire a fost evacuată cu  pompele din dotare (Boboc, 2010, p105).

     Podul de sârmă care la fel ca cel din beton a fost afectat de inundaÅ£iile din 1924 dar a fost mai uşor de repus în circulaÅ£ie datorită faptului ca în acea zonă malurile nu au fost rupte decât pe 4-5 metri comparativ cu ruptura de aproape 15 metri din zona podului de beton. Astfel acest pod a fost o perioadă singura cale de legătură între colonia muncitorilor şi mină (Boboc,2010,p.105).
    Marea criză economică din perioada aniilor 1929-1933 a avut repercursiuni grave şi în Valea Jiului. Pentru a ameliora efectele acesteia guvernul României semnează un Tratat de muncă cu guvernul FranÅ£ei. Ȋn baza acestui tratat în luna iunie sunt selectaÅ£i 338 de mineri dintre care 63 de la minele Lonea şi Petrila, iar la 26 iunie 1930 are loc plecare acestora din gara Petroşani spre FranÅ£a (Boboc, 2013, p.53-55).
     Ȋn perioada 1929-1931 s-a exploatat numai stratul principal (stratul 3) între cotele 580-397m, iar în momentul atingerii cotei de 457m se reîncepe exploatarea stratelor subÅ£iri nr.13 şi 14.
     Chiar dacă erau în plină criză economică, la cererea directorului general I.Bujoiu, compartimentul tehnic la Societăţii „Petroşani” elaborează un studiu de raÅ£ionalizare ce prevedea concentrarea producÅ£iei realizată la minele Petrila şi Petroşani Est, la orizontul 400m, până la care era adâncit noul puÅ£ de la Petrila. Tot în acest studiu era prevăzută construirea unui nou funicular care să lege mina Aninoasa de noua preparaÅ£ie ce urma să fie construită la Petrila. Deasemenea era prevăzut un funicular între mina Petroşani Est şi viitoarea preparaÅ£ie.

      Funicularul Aninoasa – PreparaÅ£ia Petrila trecea peste oraşul Petroşani şi avea sub el o plasă metalică de protecÅ£ie ( a fost demontat în anul 1967).
     EficienÅ£a economică a măsurilor propuse putea fi asigurată doar prin realizarea unei căi de legătură între mina Petrila, viitoarea preparaÅ£ie şi gara CFR din Petroşani. Legătura a fost relizată prin construirea unei linii ferate normale cu o lungime de 1.416m care era prevăzută cu ramificaÅ£ii ce însumau încă 5.283m. A fost construit un pod metalic peste râul Jiu şi un altul peste râul BăniÅ£a, a fost săpat un tunel în dealul Dărăneşti (Jujan,Svoboda,2009,p.94-95), ca o curiozitate şi azi se poate vedea pe frontonul de la ieşirea în spre Petrila al tunelului, sigla S.A.R. şi anul construcÅ£iei 1933.
   Ȋn august 1939 încep lucrările de betonare şi amenajare a noului puÅ£ centu de la Petrila, ce avea un diametru de 4,40m prevăzut iniÅ£ial a fi adâncit până la 420m. Ȋn acelaşi timp se construieşte turnul de extracÅ£ie cu o înălÅ£ime de 50m. Ȋn luna august 1943 se începe montarea maşinii de extracÅ£ie. Maşina electrică de extracÅ£ie de tip Leonard-Ilgner, cu o putere de 2150 kW a fost fabricată de firma Siemens-Suckert şi livrată de firma Demag.
    Cresterea productivităţii muncii  a fost susÅ£inută şi prin dotatrea cu noi tipuri de maşini şi unelte cum ar fi perforatoare rotative, maşini de havat de tip „Flotmann” şi „Ingersoll”, ciocane de abataj de tip „Korfman Roko-4” şi „Friko-80”, transportoare cu jghiaburi oscilante şi transprtoare cu raclete acÅ£ionate cu motoare cu aer comprimat sau cu motoare electrice. Ȋn 1936 se pune în funcÅ£iune primul abataj frontal orizontal cu tavan artificial din scânduri, iar în abatajele de pe stratul nr.3 se generalizează metoda de susÅ£inere cu stâlpi metalici de 70kg produşi de firma Schwartz (Jujan,Svoboda,2009,p.100-101).

     Tot acum este finalizată construcÅ£ia clădirii administrative a minei, lămpăria şi gupul social.
     După data de 17 febuarie 1941 se instituie Starea de necesitate, în toate minele Societăţii Anonime „Petroşani” şi Societatea „Lonea” (minele statului român), care mobiliza la locul de muncă întreg personalul acestora şi-l obliga să lucreze după normele militare.
     Ȋn baza Decretului de instituire a stării de necesitate se înfiinÅ£ează COMANDAMENTUL MILITAR AL REGIUNII MINERE PETROŞANI, organizat în două sectoare. Primul sector comandat lt.col.Lotoroşan Nicolae, avea în subordine şi supraveghere minele Lonea, Petrila şi Atelierele Centrale Petroşani (A.C.P.- denumirea de la acea vreme a fostului U.R.U.M.P.), având la dispoziÅ£ie compania mobila de jandarmi nr.3 Petroşani şi compania de jandarmi nr.2 Timişoara.
    Cel de al doi-lea sector era compus din minele Lupeni, Aninoasa, Uzina electrică Vulcan şi Fabrica „ANTIGAZ” Vulcan.  
    Ca urmare a represaliilor deosebit de dure aplicate de conducerea celor două sectoare ale Comandamentului militar al regiunii miniere Petroşani muncitorilor, în perioada15 aprilie - 5 mai 1941, are loc o greva generală ce-i cuprinde pe toÅ£i cei 7463 de mineri (Munteanu, Ioniţă, 1971,p.174).
    Ȋn data de 20 aprilie 1943, are loc la mina Petrila un accident minier (o explozie de metan) în care au pierit 18 mineri. Ȋn memoria acestora S.A.R. „Petroşani” va ridica o troiţă care va fi sfinÅ£ită în data de 17 octombrie 1943 (Boboc, 2008, p.35).

      Ȋncepând cu anul 1945 se experimentează la Petrila susÅ£inerea abatajelor cu scuturi metalice tip Petroşani („urşi”), precursorii viitoarelor susÅ£ineri mecanizate (Velica, Schreter, 1993,p.125).
    Instaurarea regimului comunist a adus şi propaganda ce a determinat muncitorii mineri să lupte pentru depăşirea continuă a normelor, şi ca rezultat imediat la 8 septembrie 1949 minerii de la Petrila cheamă, pentru prima oară, la întrecere colectivele de muncă din toate unităţile miniere ale ţării (Velica, Schreter, 1993,p.133).
     La sfârşitul lunii decembrie 1949, pentru prima oară în mineritul românesc, colectivului de la mina Petrila îi este înmânat DRAPELUL şi DIPLOMA de întreprindere fruntaşă pe ramură. Cu această ocazie în centrul coloniei este dezvelit Monumentul Minerului opera artistului Andrei Dani. Monument va fi mai apoi mutat lângă fratele geamăn de la Combinatul Minier Petroşani (Jujan,Svoboda,2009,p.118).   
   Cei mai merituoşi mineri erau răsplatiÅ£i cu insigna de „Miner fruntaş”.  Mai jos va prezentăm insigna şi carnetul ce o însoÅ£ea în mod obligatoriu.

   Tot în 1949 la 15 iunie se înfiinÅ£ează „DIRECÅ¢IA DETAŞAMENTELOR  MILITARE DE MUNCĂ”, La Petrila fiind repartizat Detaşamentul nr.2 comandat de către căpitanul Ion Dumitrescu. Aceste detaşamente vor fi desfiinÅ£ate în iunie 1958. Ȋn perioada cât au funcÅ£ionat aceste detaşament au fost calificaÅ£i la Petrila în meseria de miner sau ajutor miner  692 de soldaÅ£i (Jujan,Svoboda,2009,p.141) dintre care o bună parte au ramas ca angajaÅ£i după satisfacerea serviciului militar.   
    Ȋn anul 1954, minerului şef de brigadă Hajdu Iuliu de la mina Petrila îi este acordat pentru prima dată în Valea Jiului înaltul titlu de „EROU AL MUNCII SOCIALISTE”  (Velica, Schreter, 1993,p.143).

     La săparea puÅ£ului 2 Est este utilizată în 1956, pentru prima oară, la mina Petrila metoda de susÅ£inere cu cofrag glisant. Această metodă elimină susÅ£inerea intermediară şi asigură mecanizarea operaÅ£iei de susÅ£inere definitivă (Velica, Schreter, 1993,p.148).

Din pacate aşa cum spun şi versurile ultimei strofe din imnului minerilor:

                  Åži moartea vine tot mai des
                  Să vadă ce-are de cules,
                  Din lumea noastră făr-de cer,
                  C-aşa e viaÅ£a de miner!

Moartea a venit destul de des la mina Petrila. Aşa s-a întâmplat în 2002 şi tot aşa a fost în 2008 când încă o dată minerii au plătit preţul suprem, pentru a câta oară oare, al luptei pentru cărbune.
După o activitate neîntreruptă timp de 156 de ani, mina Petrila va fi închisă anul acesta. 

Puscasu Ioan Dumitru

Completari, editare si punere in pagina:
Florin Mugurel

Arhiva personala Puscasu Ioan Dumitru

Jujan C., Svoboda T., (2009), Mina Petrila 150 ani de activitate în mineritul industrial, Editura 
               GRAFICA PLUS – Deva.  
Velica I., Schreter  C., (1993), Călătorie  prin vârstele Văii Jiului, Editura Destin Deva.
Boboc M., (2010), Prăvălia cu istorii de pe Jiul de Est şi Jiul de Vest vol. I, Editura Autograf MJM –
Boboc M., (2013), Valea Jiului în anii marii crize economice mondiale, Editura MJM – Craiova.
Boboc M. (2008), Ultimul şut, Editura Corvin –Deva
Baron M., Wersanski E., Andras I. (2013), Valea Jiului la începutul secolului XX, Editura Universitas   
Munteanu N.G., Ioniţă Gh.I., (1971), Un veac de istorie a minerilor de pe Jiu, Editura Politică – 
***    (1925) Petroşani Societate Anonimă Română pentru exploatarea minelor de cărbuni – 
                 Monografie  Editura „CARTEA ROMÂNEASCĂ” S.A.  Bucureşti.
*** Revista „Montanistică şi metalurgie” (1926), Nr.11-12, Mina Est Petroşani. 
*** Revista „Montanistică şi metalurgie” (1927), Nr.1-2, Mina Est Petroşani. 
*** Revista „Montanistică şi metalurgie” (1927), Nr.3-4, Mina Est Petroşani.  

          Operater na CNC maÅ¡ini - Partners&Orka - Posao Beograd        

Partners &amp; Orka, reklamna agencija iz oblasti ljudskih resursa, za svog klijenta, renomiranu domaću kompaniju iz oblasti izgradnje, montaže i zavarivanja, potražuje kandidate za radnu poziciju: Operater na CNC mašini Zemlja rada: Češka, po osnovu ugovora o detašmanu. Opis posla : -Samostalni rad na CNC glodalici, sa upravljačkom jedinicom Siemens ili
          Untapped Electricity Efficiency is 17.9% in the Indian Manufacturing Sector        
According to a research report published by Siemens Financial Services, India’s untapped electricity efficiency potential is close to 17.9%. The report further states that optimization of industrial motor-driven systems can also help in 60% reduction of electricity consumption at an industrial level. If this potential is truly utilized it can lead to massive cost-savings.    Researchers conducted surveys for top 20 industrial equipment manufacturers during the past year. The research report estimates the possibilities of energy efficiency in the manufacturing sector. The statistics presented in the research report show India to be in the second position, followed by Russia, but ahead of China. Expert industry analysts suggest there is a constant need for reinvention and innovation in the manufacturing sector of India if it intends to stay ahead in the race. In the recent past the cost of electricity and energy has risen considerably. Thus, with an increased total energy consumption has increased, so has the expenditure. The industrial energy consumption amounts to about one fourth of the total energy used in the overall manufacturing sector.  The chief executive officer of Siemens Financial Services Pvt Ltd, Sunil Kapoor emphatically stated that investments in technologies that bring about electricity efficiency not only helps in bringing down operation costs, carbon emissions, and manufacturing costs, but the addition of new equipment also enables improved capacities, better productivity, enhanced performance, and competitiveness. The sturdy growth of manufacturing sector is leading to electricity becoming a sustainable energy solution, which will support digitalization and automation at bigger levels in the manufacturing processes.

Original Post Untapped Electricity Efficiency is 17.9% in the Indian Manufacturing Sector source Twease
          Camstar Semiconductor Suite Implemented by Phononic for Rapid Scale Production        
Camstar is a Siemens business branch which has announced today that Phononic will be reinventing a heating and cooling technology. They have successfully implemented the Semiconductor Suite. This is a Camstar Enterprise Manufacturing Execution System or MES which is designed specifically for the complete semiconductor manufacturing operation. Phononic is also planning to standardize on the MES to allow top product quality, efficiency, and flexibility while simultaneously speeding up the production. However, Camstar organization’s innovative MES features will replace the manual processes. These processes will be replaced by control of work in process and real time visibility, thus dispatching, processes, tools and equipment, quality parameters, statistical process control, and yield. The solid state heating and cooling from Phononic’s technology delivers unprecedented answers to thermal management issues, according to the VP of Manufacturing for the company. He further stated that they are continuously innovating and the company is a mission critical system which allows all of their high volume processes for manufacturing to become faster, more accurate, and more flexible. The VP said that they knew they required MES in place to make sure there was an improved efficiency, control, and visibility prior to transitioning from research and development mode to the mode of production. Phononic has deployed Camstar for their initial site in only a ten weeks time. As per the plan, the enterprise is planning to standardize on their Camstar’s MES for the all their manufacturing operations which include component assembly, fabrication, testing, module and system build. This will help them optimize the utilization of manage change, use of resources, enforce changes, communicate, and implement best practices.

Original Post Camstar Semiconductor Suite Implemented by Phononic for Rapid Scale Production source Twease
          China to Promote Wider Use of Domestically-Made Medical Devices        
In what could pose a serious threat to global firms dominating the medical devices sector, China has decided to promote Chinese-made medical devices and encouraged domestic hospitals to use them as far as possible. China hopes to boost its local market and reduce mounting healthcare expenditures. The high cost of medical care has been a cause for concern not just to the country as a whole but also to patients, and in order to lessen the burden, the health ministry has planned to develop its domestic industry and endorse homegrown products. The head of China’s National Health and Family Planning Commission has said that the advocacy is aimed towards all health ministry organizations, but especially for top level class III hospitals in the country. The announcement was made at a medical devices conference held in Beijing. Currently the medical device market in China is largely dominated by global medical device makers from the U.S., Japan and Europe. The three regions make up nearly three-quarters of the China market which was estimated to be worth $34.51 billion last year. The booming medical devices market in the country attracted big names such as Siemens AG, Johnson & Johnson, General Electric Co., Medtronic Inc., and Koninklijke Philips NV. Now, local companies such as China Resources Wandong Medical Equipment Co Ltd. and Mindray Medical International Ltd. will have to step up efforts to make up for the lack of global inputs to the industry. Hospitals are the largest distribution channels of medical devices, making up nearly 80% of the overall market. In 2013, there were an approximate of 13,400 public hospitals and 11,300 private hospitals in China.

Original Post China to Promote Wider Use of Domestically-Made Medical Devices source Twease
          Advances and Future of Medical Imaging        
Medical imaging refers to the process of producing visual representations of the internal aspects of the body for analysis, diagnosis and treatment. Noninvasive medical imaging devices enable to create a database of the physiology for future reference and to identify any defects. Medical imaging tools include radiography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), ultrasound, tomography, tactile imaging, elastography, angiography, mammography, fluoroscopy, etc. Digital imaging modalities have a wide scope for use in various branches and sub-disciplines of medicine: preventive or curative, and the global medical imaging market [] for existing devices, as well as new time-saving and life-enhancing devices is ever growing. The field of neuroimaging – one of the non-diagnostic imaging sectors, photoacoustics, and use of imaging devices in pharmaceutical clinical trials is relatively new and unexplored and is one if the driving forces in the market today. Traditionally, MRI and CT scans generated 2D images, but recent techniques have been developed which enable 3D images that are invaluable in the course of surgical treatment. The use of imaging devices requires trained technical, medical and engineering personnel to ensure safe and effective procedures. Moreover, the spaces using imaging modalities must adhere to radiation protection regulations.  Diagnostic imaging devices and their functions  X-ray machines: X-ray imaging creates visuals of the internal anatomy of the body. X-rays are used mostly for checking broken bones. But they can also be used to detect pneumonia via chest x-rays, or breast cancer using mammograms. CT scans: A Computed Tomography (CT) uses x-ray equipment to create cross-sectional images of the body. CT scans are used to detect cancers, blood clots, internal bleeding, signs of heart diseases, etc. A CAT scan, or Computed Axial Tomography, is used in case of brain injuries or even eye-related disorders.  MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) uses a large magnet and radio waves to view internal organs and structure of the body. MRIs are most useful in brain and spinal cord examinations. Patients with cochlear implants, pacemakers, metallic foreign bodies and ferromagnetic implants are contraindications to using MRI. Ultrasound: An ultrasound is a diagnostic tool that uses high-frequency sound waves to examine internal organs such as kidneys, liver, blood vessels and heart. An ultrasound (ultrasonography) is also used to view the fetus during pregnancy. An echocardiography uses ultrasound to view detailed structures of the heart. Advantages of medical imaging devices Medical imaging technology has revolutionized medicine, and allows doctors to detect abnormalities earlier and results in better patient outcome. Being noninvasive, the devices can be used for patients of all age groups and across any medical field. While there are risks of medical radiation, scientists have developed innovations that have reduced dose of radiation by nearly 75%. Furthermore, medical imaging allows a microscopic view of the anatomy that is highly personalized, effective and accurate. Medical modalities also generate large-scale employment to technical and non-technical workers.  Advances in diagnostic imaging and its future Diagnostic imaging is an ever-evolving field and many remarkable changes have been tracked since its introduction to everyday medicine: shift of x-rays files from film to digital, unclear MRIs to high-quality images, and compact and portable ultrasound equipment. Medical imaging has a wide scope for innovation. A wide variety of noninvasive diagnostic innovations offer options to patients who either have fear of physicians, or are unable to visit a doctor. Researchers suggest, and are working on, a scanner-embedded bathroom mirror that detects retinopathy, or a toilet that identifies kidney infections or diabetes through urine analysis.  Overview of the global medical imaging market Reports by a leading market research firm suggests that the market for diagnostic imaging devices will continue to boom at an increasing pace over the next few years. The market value for these devices stood at approximately USD 20.7 billion in 2010, and revenues are estimated to reach USD 25.3 billion by 2015, and USD 26 billion by 2016-end. Technical development and advancement in medicine will positively affect the growth of medical imaging. North America is currently dominating the market with over 35% of the global industry share, followed by Europe and Asia. Among all imaging devices, x-ray machines dominate the market share with revenues to reach USD 9.1 billion, and annual growth rate to reach 3.5% by 2017. Some of the key players in the global medical imaging devices market include Philips Healthcare, Siemens Healthcare, GE Healthcare, Toshiba Medical System Corp and Hitachi Medical Corp.  About Us is the most comprehensive collection of market research reports. services are especially designed to save time and money of our clients. We are a one stop solution for all your research needs, our main offerings are syndicated research reports, custom research, subscription access and consulting services. We serve all sizes and types of companies spanning across various industries. For more information:

Original Post Advances and Future of Medical Imaging source Twease
          The Home Automation Market - Key to the Future of Living Smart        
Home automation pertains to electronic systems that enable people to automatically control various appliances and features in their home. Automation is achieved by implementing control systems that can be operated remotely or at the site. This concept that was once introduced as a luxury for the elite has now caught on among home owners of all sections. Today, it is not common to all types of homes - from luxury villas to compact studio apartments - integrate home automation technologies. These could be in the form of remotely-controlled home appliances, centralized security systems, smart lighting, remote-controlled HVAC systems, and surveillance cameras. The concept of home automation market [] is becoming increasingly popular not just in the developed countries of the western world, but also in emerging economies such as China, India, Brazil and Russia. The conveniences and features have enticed home owners to invest in systems and technology to automate various activities in their homes. An automated home in rich in functionality and can be effortlessly managed by the owner from virtually anywhere in the world. Devices such as smartphones, tablets, and desktop computers can be configured to give commands to your appliances at home. So, if you are rushing home after a long day at work, and are longing for a relaxing soak, you can turn on your water heating system from office so you can slip into a warm bath as soon as you are home.  The intricacies of home automation systems No two households are the same. Your needs determine the features of your home automation systems. Hence, before you go ahead and write a check for your automation package provider, it is advisable to stop and think about whether you are getting a tailor-made system. There are a myriad of settings and features associated with home security and automation systems – you need to look at aspects such as hardware installation, investing in compatible software, the shape and size of the electronic interfaces and whether they seamlessly blend with your home décor, and other such factors. Your daily activities and routine play directly impact the design of such systems. So, if you have indoor plants, you could automate the blinds to allow a specific amount of sunlight during the day. Or, if your kids are home early, you could control the temperature from your office desk to keep them comfortable.  Essentially, home automation systems comprise three main elements: controllers, sensors, and actuators. The sensor picks up a change in the environment and relays a signal to the controllers, which then operate actuators to switch on or switch off a device or to active motors or open or close valves. These systems need to operate in tandem and in harmony to ensure that your home automation set-up works glitch-free. The Home Automation Market There are hundreds of players in the market offering home automation solutions and services. While some specialize in appliance control, others deal in sensor-based functions such as air quality monitoring and light consumption monitoring. Some other firms provide safety and security solutions such as real-time alarm systems that are connected to your mobile phone or e-mail, intruder warning systems, cameras and surveillance systems, and so on.  Today, this market is in a transitional phase, with home automation become more affordable and less complex. Interfaces are becoming easier, allowing even those users who are not tech-savvy to efficiently monitor their homes. This market is going through a phase of growth, and hence, features numerous opportunities. A number of companies with technological and automation capabilities are foraying into the home automation market, and this has made the market competitive, giving consumers more choice. Companies such as Siemens AG, Johnson Controls, Inc., and Honeywell International have an established presence in this market. About us is the most comprehensive collection of market research reports. MarketResearchReports.Biz services are specially designed to save time and money for our clients. We are a one stop solution for all your research needs, our main offerings are syndicated research reports, custom research, subscription access and consulting services. We serve all sizes and types of companies spanning across various industries. Kindly visit:

Original Post The Home Automation Market - Key to the Future of Living Smart source Twease
          DJI announces new leadership, appointing Roger Luo as president        

DJI is changing up its leadership chain. The world’s largest drone maker, DJI, this week announced that Roger Luo has been named president of DJI. Luo has been with the company since 2015, having previously served as the Vice President of Operations where he oversaw procurement, production and logistics. Luo has previously worked at Apple, Foxconn and Siemens, and holds a Bachelor’s … Continue reading DJI announces new leadership, appointing Roger Luo as president

The post DJI announces new leadership, appointing Roger Luo as president appeared first on The Drone Girl.

          ÐžÑ‡ÐµÑ€ÐµÐ´Ð½Ð¾Ð¹ урок умного Запада для тупых русских        

Картинки по запросу разделить Германию

В 1945м Россия (живущая тогда под ником СССР) отказалась от предложения "наших западных партнеров" организовать на месте Берлина плантации сорняков, разделить Германию на множество подмандатных территорий с полным уничтожением её государственности.

Мало того, за все "шалости цивилизованных европейцев" на территории СССР, сама Германия заплатила чисто символические репарации, компенсировав менее 1% нанесённого ущерба. С остальных стран, участвовавших в агрессии против СССР и геноциде русских, вообще была снята даже символическая ответственность.

В 1991м Россия без всяких условий предоставила возможность воссоединения Западных и Восточных земель Германии (ну как же, единый народ всё-таки, какие тут могут быть условия?)

И всё это для того, чтобы в 2014м получить от объединённой в 1991м германской нации (и остальной счастливо отскочившей в 1945м еврошпаны) абсолютно зеркальный (по западным понятиям) ответ, а именно - категорическое неприятие воссоединения Крыма с Россией, перманентную русофобскую истерику и такие же перманентные санкции, вишенкой на торте которых - нынешний демарш корпорации СИМЕНС, которая уже гнусно прославлена своей исторической борьбой с "русскими варварами".

Давайте я вам напомню наиболее эффектные вехи этой борьбы:

Из Википедии:
В 1941-1945м на заводах и фабриках компании широко использовался подневольный труд заключённых концлагерей, военнопленных, узников гетто и «остарбайтеров». По данным самой компании, к осени 1944 года на «Сименсе» было 50 тысяч подневольных рабочих — примерно пятая часть всего персонала.
Так, на фабрике в Равенсбрюке, где производилось оборудование связи, работало более 2000 женщин — заключённых концлагеря Равенсбрюк. Компания Siemens Schuckertwerke AG также владела фабрикой в концлагере Бобрек — одном из приблизительно сорока лагерей концентрационного лагеря «Аушвиц-3», входившего в структуру концлагерного комплекса, известного под общим названием «Освенцим».
Кроме подневольного труда узников лагеря «Равенсбрюк» и «Аушвиц III», компании, входившие в «Дом Сименса», использовали труд заключённых концентрационных и трудовых лагерей «Эбензее» (de:KZ Ebensee), «Плашов», «Гросс-Розен», а также на медных шахтах в сербском Боре.

И вот сейчас именно эти "цивилизаторы", никогда не брезговавшие рабским трудом и геноцидом, открыто пытавшиеся уничтожить русских, как нацию, теперь образцово-показательно возмущены агрессивностью нецивилизованной России.... Убийца, который тебя пытался убить, но у него не получилось, возмущается "неправильным" поведением своей жертвы.

Боже мой! Сколько же ещё раз история должна повторять свой урок, который мы, русские, никак не можем освоить: "То, что мы считаем проявлением великодушия и благородства, "наши западные партнёры" воспринимают, как нашу слабость, слюнтяйство и неумение "работать с людьми". Проявление этих качеств в отношении ЛЮБЫХ представителей западной цивилизации не просто недопустимо, но смертельно опасно.

Есть такое понятие в правоведении - виктимное поведение жертвы. То есть такое поведение, которое провоцирует преступника на совершение преступления. Так вот всякое и любое проявление мягкости по отношению к Западу (а также к отдельным его представителям), любая и всякая попытка идти с ним на компромисс и уж тем более - на односторонние уступки - это виктимное поведение, которое расценивается "нашими западными партнерами", как неадекватное, и провоцирует Запад исключительно и только на агрессию.

Нет, я совсем не против великодушия и благородства. Я против экспорта этих проявлений в западном направлении, ибо не поймут и не оценят, точнее поймут и оценят совсем не так, как на это рассчитывают сами русские.

Живя нос к носу с англосаксами и имея возможность наблюдать вблизи их тактику, я понял, какое поведение представители западного мира считают признаком цивилизованности и адекватности. Наблюдения эти еще в 2014-м я изложил в небольшой заметке "Не кормить и пороть - американский рецепт любви народов", выдержки из которой вынужден всё чаще цитировать в последнее время:

Сколько бы не шкодили любвеобильные янки на оккупированной Германии, все равно дурная слава про 100500 млн изнасилованных немок - исключительно российская. А почему? А потому что в Германии до сих пор 20 военных баз США. Поэтому бомбежку Дрездена немцы считают благом, а штурм Берлина - величайшим варварством…

И японцы неимоверно благодарны за атомную бомбардировку их городов по очень простой причине - не будешь благодарен - прилетит еще… и потом еще…и так до установления полной и абсолютной благодарности…

А русские положили за Счастье Болгарское больше миллиона своих жизней! В результате Болгария ВО ВСЕХ войнах воевала против России, ибо непонятно за что благодарить русских? Вот американцев есть за что - они за 10 лет загнали болгар туда, откуда Россия их вытаскивала 70. Болгары знают - один неосторожный “мяу” - и проснутся вообще в каменном веке! И вот просыпаются они каждое утро, смотрят - нет, пока еще не в каменном. СПАСИБО АМЕРИКЕ! Чмоки-чмоки!..

Что же касается текущего момента, то я считаю, всё к лучшему. Отказ Сименса от сотрудничества с Россией - это ещё один аргумент в копилку реиндустриализации, как единственного способа выживания в этом серпентарии "наших западных партнеров". Турбины - это, конечно, высокие технологии, но никак не выше ракетно-космических, авиационных и атомных, так что тут дело только в желании их проектировать и производить, а не в потенциальной невозможности это делать.

Было бы, конечно, заманчиво, ответить на этот немецкий демарш чем-то козырным, например, эмбарго на поставку углеводородов. В этом случае Россия таки сможет сосредоточиться на производстве пластмасс и полимеров, импортируемых сегодня в абсолютно диком количестве. Если производить их у себя, никаких углеводородов для экспорта просто не останется. Однако, наверно, еще не пришло время, хотя, как мне кажется, "Аннушка уже разлила масло"...


          South African precious metal design between 1960 and 1980        
Fred van Staden

(Published in the SA Journal of Cultural History, 29(1), 2015, pp.22-57) 


This paper comprises a review of the legacies of noted gold- and silversmiths, who opened their studios in South Africa from 1960 to1980.[2]Through literature searches, interviews, relevant e-mail exchanges and internet searches, précis with pertinent information were composed. Information on 14 local gold- and silversmith studios are chronologically presented. Brief notes on a further 8 goldsmiths are also provided. Where possible, descriptions of maker’s marks and the years they were in use are provided.

Key words: Precious metal artist, goldsmith, silversmith, manufacturing jeweller, maker’s mark, twentieth century South Africa.


 Although small in numbers, the South African silver- and goldsmiths of the mid to late twentieth century proved themselves on par with their international counterparts.  From 1965 until 1969 and again in 1974 the South African exhibits at the annual International Arts and Crafts exhibitions won gold medals and praise.[3]In 1968 the Director of the Industrial Design Institute division of the South African Bureau of Standards, Mr Peter Whitworth (previously employed on the staff of the Council of Industrial Design in the United Kingdom) attested to the good quality of South African jewellery design and manufacture, by declaring that:
            South African jewellery can compare with the best in the world.[4]
A few years later Mr. John Donald, a noted English goldsmith at the time, had this to say about the quality of South African entries for the 1973 Chamber of Mines Gold Jewellery Competition:
I was surprised and delighted by the high standard of the work submitted both in design and craftsmanship.[5]


Information dealing with the careers of silver- and goldsmiths who opened their workshops in South Africa from 1960 to 1980[6]was gathered by reviewing suitable journals and magazines such as the South African Panorama, Lantern, Artlook Magazine, The S.A. Jeweller and the Diamond News, The Diamond News and The S.A. Watchmaker and Jeweller, as well as internet searches.

Goldsmiths whose work was reported in the media during the period of 1960 – 1980 were followed up where possible with internet searches, e-mail exchanges and interviews. A semi structured interview schedule was used to compose a summation of relevant aspects of their careers. This included issues such as their apprenticeships (as well as those they supervised), a characterisation of their work, important commissions, descriptions of their maker’s marks, achievements and recognition of their work. Interviews were also conducted with family members or co-workers to gain corroborating background information.

The interviews and all pertinent e-mail exchanges were content analysed and integrated with available literature.  An initial draft was submitted to a few experienced practitioners for review. Where warranted, the text was adapted. [7]

Some noted South African silver- and goldsmith studios established between 1960 and 1980.

Erich Frey (1961 – 1977)         
The work of Erich Frey and associates Maia Holm (1962 - ), Stephen Colegate (1965 -) and Maurice Pitol (1981- ) have been extensively discussed in an earlier article.[8]

Abe Pass (Cape Town, 1963 – early 2010s )

Abe Pass was born in Lithuania in 1926, and as a child immigrated with his parents to South Africa. He completed his apprenticeship as goldsmith with Cooper’s in Cape Town in 1945. To gain further experience he worked with other artist jewellers such as Doug Saunders and Levitt’s. In 1963 he established his studio in the Groote Kerk building in Cape Town. He designed individual jewellery items with precious metals and stones. Since then until 1998, he exhibited his work at least 15 times at exhibitions in Cape Town and in Johannesburg. In 1967 he contributed to the gold winning South African exhibition at the International Arts and Crafts Exhibition in Florence. In 1970 he won a first prize and commendation at the Intergold jewellery competition. In 1976, he repeated this performance with a first prize in the section for bracelets and a second prize in the men’s jewellery section of the competition. In the early 1970’s he also lectured at Stellenbosch University. [9] 

In 1977 his work was described as
… of distinguished quality …expressing refinement and a strong aesthetic sensibility.[10]
He worked on his own and used an imprint of his name Abe Passor only Pass as maker’s mark on his work.[11]

Figure 1: Dress ring encrusted with diamonds, emeralds and garnets by Abe Pass. Valued between R15 000 to R20 000 in 2010.
(Photo: Strauss & Co, November 2010 auction catalogue, Cape Town, p. 37)

Sid Forman (Johannesburg, 1963 – present)
Sid Forman was born in July 1935 in Mayfair, Johannesburg. At the age of 16 he started his apprenticeship as a diamond jeweller in the workshop of Cellini’s. After completing his five year apprenticeship, he worked for another five years with a manufacturing concern called Ideal Jewellers owned by Mr Morris Adler, after which he worked for Mr Max Siderski for a while. In 1963 he opened his own workshop in Castle Mansions in Rissik Street under the name of The House of Sid Forman. The business grew fast and due to a lack of workspace he moved to a few other premises in Johannesburg to finally settle in 1996 on the fifth floor of Jewel City in 225 Main Street. Since 1963 he used a makers mark consisting of the letters S and F inscribed within the outline of a diamond (or rhombus) shape. A variation where the shape of a heart is used was introduced by his son David at the turn of the millennium. Forman works in platinum, 18ct and 9ct white-, yellow- and red gold. Forman reminisces as follows about his early days of jewellery making:
During the 1950’s the main expense of jewellery making was the labour and not the materials. Funny how things have changed.[12]

In 1966 he bought a casting machine and underwent casting training in Italy. He became one of a small handful of goldsmiths who casted some of their designs.[13]  At the high point of his career he employed around 120 people in his 1000 square meter workshop. Whereas his jewellery designs were primarily influenced by Italian trends of the time, it was also dictated by market demands. Forman is also an accomplished visual artist in the fields of painting, sketching and sculpting (mostly marble, wrought iron, scrap metal and gold). Apart from holding one solo sculpting exhibition in Norwood, he did not commercially pursue his sculpt and paint work, viewing it as a hobby. He also served for a brief while on the South African Jewellery Council.

Amongst his achievements was the presentation of an 18cm high ostrich made from 18ct gold that was presented to President Mandela. He also made a range of figures that included leopard, elephant, rhino, birds, bushmen, lion, horses and a hunter with his dog. His high technical skill is especially evident in a small replica of an antique Chevrolet complete with moving doors, as well as an encased pistol set in gold.[14] On evaluating the merits of a jewellery piece he contends that:
First and foremost its artistic qualities must resonate with the viewer. The artistic qualities of a piece are expressed in the way that modulation or relief is unpacked in the design.[15]
Figure 2: A pistol set made of ivory and 18ct yellow and white gold encrusted with diamonds that took Mr Sid Forman three years to complete. In 2013 the set was valued at 750 000 US$.
(Photo: F van Staden, Johannesburg, 21 February 2013)

Since 1973[16]the House of Sid Forman won a range of awards in jewellery competitions that included the Chamber of Mines Gold Intergold Jewellery Design competition in 1981[17]as well as winning the Diamonds Tomorrow Student Design Competition in 1983.[18]His wife Lorraine and two sons Mark and David hold the distinction of being the only family who have each in their own right won the coveted Diamonds International award.

Franz Huppertz (Cape Town, 1964 –1997)

Born in 1940 in the German town of Eshweiler (near Aachen), Franz Huppertz studied jewellery design (1959 – 1962) at the Kunst und Werkschule in Pforzheim, West Germany and specialised on the history and techniques of bracelet making. His training extended beyond silver- and goldsmithing techniques to a wide range of artistic expression in graphic design, drawing, painting and sculpting in stone. He studied with Dieter Dill (who later moved to the Western Cape for awhile) under the tutelage of well known German jewellery master and museum curator Klaus Ullrich. [19] 

Before coming to South Africa in 1964, he worked in Switzerland where he rebelled against the strictures of the Goldsmith Guilds and decided to explore Africa. After an overland sojourn lasting seven months he eventually settled in Cape Town where he opened his studio called Franz Huppertz Jewellers at the Stuttafords Town Square in Adderley street.

He exhibited his work both internationally in Switzerland, Italy and the United States of America and locally in Cape Town, Durban and Johannesburg. During the 1980s he regularly exhibited his work in group exhibitions curated under the titles of African Experience (1980), Gold in Fashion (1983 – the collection was also exhibited in Paris and Milan) and Dreams of Diamonds (1988). In 1985 he held a successful first solo exhibition at the Kunskamer Gallery. A unique touch at this exhibition was the design of the jewellery presentation boxes as wall hangings, allowing the jewellery items to decorate a wall when not worn.  A few years later in 1989, he staged another solo exhibition titled Art in Jewels at the Town House Museum in Cape Town.  [20]

Huppertz was a prolific designer and demand for his custom made jewellery grew fast during the 1980’s and he opened a second studio showroom in Cavendish Close, Claremont, Cape Town.[21]

Figures 3 & 4: Ring drawings by Franz Huppertz as a student in 1961. On the right is a necklace, mask and a brooch in 18carat gold by Franz Huppertz.
(Photo: Monique Nienaber, Cape Town, 2012 )

In his designs he favoured the use of diamonds and gemstones along with creating interchangeable combination jewellery clusters. He used the lustre, cut, brilliance and emotive qualities of the stones he selected for his designs, as guidelines for developing the setting of the design.[22]Forms, textures and colours in nature as well as cultural motifs often formed the design bases of his jewellery settings. His work shows a fondness for granulation along with relief work where different levels are combined or juxtaposed. [23] He made only individual jewellery items and as a rule created a number of designs for a customer to choose the most suitable from. As is the case with a number of other goldsmiths, he was of the opinion that a reflection of the wearer’s inner self should be captured by the jewellery that is worn.[24]Later in his career he diversified the materials he incorporated in his designs to include mother of pearl, stinkwood, elephant hair, steel and even plastic.[25]A critic reviewed his use of materials as follows
His art is vested in all material that has the potential to please. So even in some of his more formal work, there is surprise and amusement at the audacious use of the unconventional.[26]
His daughter, a goldsmith in her own right describes his designs as the
… organic merging of geometric elements. He designed around the stone and believed that the piece flows from the qualities and shape of the stone that is used.[27]

As a qualified master goldsmith, Huppertz was accredited with the Kunst und Werkschule in Pforzheim (Germany) to offer apprenticeships to their students. He gave regularly of his time as external examiner for apprenticeship work and students’ jewellery design work. [28]

Between 1970 and 1982 Huppertz won a total of eight awards at various competitions organised by the Chamber of Mines, Diamonds of Today and Intergold competitions. [29]  In 1982 he won the overall Intergold jewellery design prize with a pair of aquamarine encrusted 18carat gold earrings, as well as winning entries in the section for men’s jewellery with a set of cuff links, along with a gold necklace submitted to the section for ethnic jewellery.[30]

Franz Huppertz suddenly passed away in 1997 at the age of 57 as the result of a stroke. A few months before his death, Mr Nicholas Opperheimer presented him with the De Beers Shining Light Award for Excellence in Diamond Jewellery Design[31]– a timely testament to a noted goldsmith who helped to extend the range and interpretive limits of local handmade jewellery.

Hartmut and Ilse Jäger (Johannesburg, 1965 – 1984)

Of German parentage, Hartmut Jäger was born in 1940 in Hitler occupied Czechoslovakia in Eger (now Cheb). After World War II the family returned to West Germany where he received his initial goldsmith training in Koblenz. He continued his studies in engraving, setting, making and designing jewellery at the Art College in Schwaebisch Gmuend.

In 1965, Jäger immigrated to South Africa, working successively for goldsmiths Sid Forman, then Jack Friedman and for Anthony Sidersky before starting his own studio in 1969. He became a founding member of the Goldsmiths Guild of South Africa.[32]  At the 1975 Intergold competition he won first prizes in two pricing categories. In the late 1970’s he partnered with Jochen Kessel and opened a Jewellery shop in the Bryanston Shopping Center, of which he and his wife Ilse later became the sole owners.

Jäger enjoyed working with precious metals and gemstones. His design style was described as
…’universal’ as it varies with ease according to mood and circumstances.[33]
In an article on the role of goldsmiths as artists, Jäger stated the following:
Fine art should have the quality of taking the observer beyond his or her everyday surroundings to give them a glimpse of a greater beauty. In jewellery, an individual piece must also be crafted for the wearer as a unique expression of some quality within that person. And so the goldsmith is many in one: (s)he is sculptor, designer and visionary. (S)he must do the setting, engraving and enamelling, and master good knowledge of the many precious and semi-precious stones as well as the numerous techniques for shaping and forming of silver and gold. And (s)he must know people to sense their nature and personalities in order to serve them best.[34]

Austrian Ilse Meckel was born in 1941 and raised in Ravensburg, Germany. She studied and obtained a Masters Degree in Jewellery making in Schwaebisch Gmuend, where she also met Hartmut Jäger . After graduating, Meckel worked for leading workshops in Helgoland, Geneva and in London. With renowned London jeweller Andrew Grima, she created the famous Omega watch collection and also designed and made a brooch for the British Princess Ann. At the invitation of Hartmut Jäger, she immigrated to South Africa in 1970 to work with him in his jewellery studio. Here she designed and made a series of barely 2cm high miniature sculpture charms of animals and people in gold and silver, using the ancient 'lost-wax' moulding and casting process.

In 1972 Ilse and Hartmut got married. They have two children and in 1984 the family emigrated to Perth, Australia, where Hartmut Jäger embarked on a new career as a paintings artist and graphic computer designer.

Figures 5 & 6: A double sided pendant in 18carat gold with rubies and red coral by Hartmut Jäger and three charms in gold by Ilse Jäger.
(Photos: From Hartmut Jäger’s résumé.)

During their time in South Africa, the couple made significant contributions to the local renewal of jewellery content, design and the combination of different materials that marked the late 1960’s and the 1970’s. The couple did not make use of maker’s marks.[35]

Frenchie Gatticci (Pretoria, 1967 – 1999)

Of Italian extraction, Hector Francois (Frenchie) Gatticchi was born in 1934 in Nice, France and immigrated at the age of 13 with his parents who settled in Pretoria in 1947. In 1952 he started a three year internship in ‘mounting and precious metal working’ in the Metal Art workshop under Joe Calafato. However, the company split up in 1953 and Mr Gatticchi completed his internship with a splinter group called Pretoria Badge and Silver-Smiths Pty. Ltd in Hatfield.[36]This group consisted of a number of people previously employed by the South African Mint, namely Mssrs. Becklacke (previous Chairman of the Mint), Percy Cave (die sinker, well known for a number of maces he produced)[37], Myburgh and Hendriks (die sinker).This group do not seem to have made use of a maker’s mark. Gatticchi qualified with a wide range of jewellery making skills (such as the rolling, soldering and vitreous enameling of precious metals) and he went back to work for Joe Calafato for a while. In 1967, he and his wife opened their own studio under the name of Prestige Manufacturing Jewellers.[38]  From 1978 until 1980 he and Mr Charl Vorster (who also apprenticed with Joe Calafato) became partners in the business. After they dissolved the partnership, Gatticchi moved his studio and showroom to the Sanlam Arcade, Pretoria City Centre. He focused both on the jewellery making and retailing market. Amongst his clientele counted a number of government ministers and officials. He used a Pas maker’s mark on his jewellery until he closed the business in 1999.[39]

Otto Poulsen (Durban, early 1960’s )

Otto Poulsen was born in Denmark and completed a five year apprenticeship in Copenhagen under Willy Krogmar (a Danish sculptor/goldsmith who became known for his early modernist designs). The high standard of Poulsen’s apprenticeship work was awarded with a gold medal by the Danish Guild for Art and Craft work. He worked for a while in the Georg Jensen workshop. During this time, his development as a designer was influenced by the designs of Sigvard Bernadotte. The Danish Guild of Goldsmiths, Silversmiths and Metal Art Workers bestowed a second award on Poulsen for a bracelet he submitted in an open competition. He also worked with Henning Koppel, a well known Danish jewellery designer.[40]                                    
Figure 7: A choker by Otto Poulsen consisting of 16 diamonds and 3 Sandawana emeralds[41] set in 18 and 22 carat gold.
(Photo: Optima, September 1970, p. 110)

He immigrated to South Africa in 1955. He worked for a while with Kurt Jobst in Johannesburg who introduced him to a range of different materials for use in jewellery design. In the early 1960’s he relocated to Durban where he worked under his own name. At a later stage his studio amalgamated with that of Robertson’s, a long established Durban jeweller (since 1910) to form Poulsen Robertson Jewellers.[42]He worked in gold, silver, precious and semi precious stones embedded in sculptural designs.[43]It is clear that this goldsmith was one of our foremost talents in jewellery making during his time – he worked with the best in the Western world. Hopefully in future more information about his work will come to light.

Dieter Steglich (Pretoria, 1968 – 2006)

Dieter Steglich was born in 1939 in Berlin. Initially he qualified as a precision mechanic and worked at Siemens from 1955 to 1958. He had a natural flair for jewellery making, and as a hobby (without any formal schooling) he made jewellery pieces for family and friends. Based on a portfolio of his work, he was accepted for training as goldsmith at the Staatliche Werkkunst Schule in Berlin, West Germany. After successfully completing his studies and apprenticeship, he was approached by Erich Frey to join him at Frey’s studio in Pretoria. The young Dieter grasped the opportunity with both hands and worked with Frey from 1966 to 1968.

In 1967, Neville Jones who worked as journeyman for Gilroy King (owner of King’s Jewels), decided to continue his journeymanship at the Frey studio.  Barely a year later, Jones and Steglich left to open their own studio on 01 April 1968 in Arcadia Galleries in Pretoria. Their partnership didn’t last and exactly another year later, in 1969, Jones left to join Heinrich Ocker who owned the Schultis Schwar & Co. jewellery and watch workshop on Church Square in Pretoria. [44]

For the next 20 years, Steglich continued working in the same premises under his own name D. Steglich Gold- and Silversmith. Perhaps sensing the increased vulnerability of jewellery shops to crime that would plague his colleagues in the decades to follow, he moved his workshop on 01 April 1988 to his home in Meyerspark, Pretoria.  Here he worked with contentment, stating that at last he has all his tools under one roof. He was a soft spoken, self contented person, who enjoyed the solitude of his studio. He avoided crowds but was adept at having individual discussions with his clients on all matters ranging from philosophy to mechanics. He displayed an interpersonal sensitivity enabling him to translate aspects of his clients’ personae (or radiance) in his designs. For this reason (and also because of his accomplished technical ability) he worked mostly on commission and had an extensive list of loyal clientele. After being bedridden for six months, he passed away from prostate cancer in October 2006.[45] 

His work gave good expression to the modernist designs of the 1970â€
          ÐšÐ°Ð¿Ð¸Ñ†Ð° оказался прав: революции в альтернативной энергетике ждать без толку        

Картинки по запросу Петра Леонидовича

В октябре 1975 года на научной сессии в честь 250-летия Академии наук СССР академик Петр Капица, ставший тремя годами позже лауреатом Нобелевской премии по физике, сделал концептуальный доклад, в котором на основании базовых физических принципов доказал промышленную неэффективность всех видов альтернативной энергетики, за исключением управляемого термоядерного синтеза

Капица оказался прав: революции в альтернативной энергетике ждать без толку

Что же было основным аргументом Петра Леонидовича в скептическом отношении к энергии ветра и солнца? И насколько изменилось наше представление об альтернативной энергетике за прошедшие сорок с лишним лет?

Что предсказал Капица

Основным аргументом, который использовал Капица в своем докладе о возможностях альтернативной энергетики, был отнюдь не экономический подход, но соображения физического характера. Главным его возражением против безудержного увлечения модными даже тогда, сорок лет назад, концепциями «бесплатной и экологически чистой альтернативной энергетики» было очевидное ограничение, которое не разрешено и по сей день: ни один из альтернативных источников энергии, будь то солнечные батареи, ветряные электростанции или же водородные топливные элементы, так и не достиг плотностей энергии и мощности, которые обеспечиваются таким ископаемым топливом, как уголь, нефть и газ или же атомной энергетикой.

К сожалению, такого рода ограничение носит не политический, но именно физический характер — вне зависимости от государственного строя или выбранной в стране идеологии, любой экономике приходится в той или иной степени базироваться именно на физических законах окружающего нас мира. Усилия ученых или инженеров могут достаточно близко приблизить нас к теоретическому физическому пределу той или иной технологии, но, увы, абсолютно бесполезны в попытке перепрыгнуть через такого рода ограничитель.

Капица оказался прав: революции в альтернативной энергетике ждать без толку

Так, например, лимитирующей константой для солнечной энергетики является так называемая «солнечная постоянная», которая составляет 1367 Вт на квадратный метр на орбите нашей Земли. К сожалению, этот «орбитальный киловатт» совершенно недоступен для нас, обитающих на земной поверхности. На количестве достигающей поверхности Земли солнечной энергии сказывается масса факторов: погода, общая прозрачность атмосферы, облака и туман, высота Солнца над горизонтом.

Но что самое главное — вращение нашей планеты вокруг своей оси, которое сразу же уменьшает доступную энергию солнечной постоянной практически вдвое: ночью Солнце находится ниже линии горизонта. В итоге нам, жителям Земли, приходится довольствоваться максимум десятой частью орбитальной солнечной постоянной.

Те же проблемы преследуют и еще один краеугольный камень возобновляемой энергетики — технологию водородных топливных элементов. Они предполагались дешевой заменой тяжелым, экологически небезопасным и неэффективным химическим аккумуляторам.

Петр Капица писал: «На практике плотность потока энергии очень мала, и с квадратного метра электрода можно снимать только 200 Вт. Для 100 мегаватт мощности рабочая площадь электродов достигает квадратного километра, и нет надежды, что капитальные затраты на построение такой электростанции оправдаются генерируемой ею энергией. Значит, топливные элементы можно использовать только там, где не нужны большие мощности. Но для макроэнергетики они бесполезны».

Мы наш, мы новый мир построим!

Результатом ограничителей солнечной энергетики стало знание, хорошо доступное еще в 1975 году: реально с одного метра земной поверхности можно собрать не более 100–200 Ватт усредненной суточной мощности солнечной энергии. Иными словами, для удовлетворения даже текущих потребностей человечества площадь солнечных электростанций, размещенных на поверхности Земли, оказывалась бы просто громадной.

Кроме того, для размещения солнечных батарей наиболее подходящей была бы полоска земной поверхности вдоль земного экватора — или же в пустынных тропических районах, в то время как большая часть потребителей солнечной энергии находится в умеренном поясе Северного полушария. Как следствие, абстрактные «квадратики» солнечных батарей в Сахаре, которые так любят рисовать апологеты беспредельной солнечной энергии, оказываются не более чем виртуальным допущением.

Но это отнюдь не остановило тех, кто недостаточно полно усвоил школьный курс физики. Проекты по солнечному освоению Сахары возникали и возникают с завидной регулярностью.

К примеру, основанная в 2003 году европейская компания Desertec, которая пыталась осуществить мегапроект строительства солнечных электростанций в Тунисе, Ливии и Египте для поставок солнечной электроэнергии в Западную Европу, несмотря на участие в проекте таких крупных корпораций и банков, как Siemens, Bosch, ABB и Deutche Bank, десять лет спустя, в 2013 году, тихо обанкротилась. Оказалось, что стоимость постройки и обслуживания электростанций в Сахаре и цена транспортировки электроэнергии за тысячи километров, даже при «бесплатной» солнечной постоянной в Сахаре, не омрачаемой тучами или туманами, оказалась просто запредельной.

Не более радужно обстоят дела и с солнечной электроэнергетикой в самой Западной Европе, в которой вот уже второе десятилетие подряд различными странами и фондами выделяются триллионы долларов на развитие солнечной и ветряной энергетики. Несмотря на «золотой дождь», который обильно пролился на сектор возобновляемых источников энергии (ВИЭ) и на всемерную политическую поддержку возобновляемой энергетики (даже за счет насильного закрытия АЭС и угольных ТЭС), «промежуточный финиш» для ВИЭ по состоянию на 2016 год отнюдь не столь впечатляющ.

Так, к 2015 году Германия и Дания, установившие у себя максимальное количество ветряков и солнечных батарей, имели и самые высокие цены на электроэнергию — 29,5 евроцента и 30,4 евроцента за кВт-час. В то же время «отсталые» в плане установки ВИЭ Болгария и Венгрия, в которых еще во времена СССР были построены мощные АЭС, могли похвастаться совсем иными расценками на электроэнергию — соответственно 9,6 и 11,5 евроцента за кВт-час.

Капица оказался прав: революции в альтернативной энергетике ждать без толку

Сегодня речь идет о том, что амбициозную программу «2020» по ВИЭ, которую принял Евросоюз и согласно которой к 2020 году 20% электроэнергии в странах ЕС должно производится из возобновляемых источников, возложили на плечи европейских налогоплательщиков, которых и подписали к оплате специально завышенного тарифа на электроэнергию. Достаточно сказать, что, в пересчете на российские реалии, немцы и датчане платят 20–21 рубль за каждый потребленный киловатт-час).

Поэтому и получается, что нынешние успехи ВИЭ связаны не с экономическими реалиями их выгодности и даже не с впечатляющим прогрессом в совершенствовании КПД или уменьшении их стоимости производства и обслуживания, но в первую очередь — с протекционистской политикой стран ЕС по отношению к ВИЭ и устранением любой конкуренции со стороны тепловой или атомной энергетики, подвергающейся дополнительному налоговому прессу (сборам за выбросы углекислого газа), а то и прямому запрету (как атомная энергетика в Германии).

Есть ли глобальное будущее у ВИЭ?

Безусловно, сама по себе концепция ВИЭ является жизненной и своевременной — запасы дешевого органического топлива (нефти, газа, угля) и даже урана на планете Земля не беспредельны, в силу чего востребованность альтернативных источников энергии будет только расти. Традиционная энергетика рано или поздно столкнется и с дефицитом доступного, дешевого топлива, и с ростом себестоимости производства электроэнергии.

Кроме того, безусловно, никто не возражает против разумного использования солнечной и ветряной энергетики. Во многих местах мира она может стать незаменимым вариантом ухода от традиционной генерации. Так, весьма разумным представляется использование ветряной и солнечной энергии в прибрежных, особенно островных, тропических территориях, куда затруднительно обеспечивать транспортировку традиционных энергоносителей (нефти и газа), либо же их использование экологически опасно (уголь).

Однако надо учитывать, что нынешний вариант альтернативной энергетики, который ставит во главу угла лишь солнечную и ветряную энергию, будет всегда страдать от нерегулярности их производства, удаленности выгодных районов для размещения ветряных и солнечных электростанций от возможных потребителей и несоответствия масштабов солнечных и ветряных электростанций даже текущим запросам человечества на производство электроэнергии, не говоря уже обо всей первичной энергии.

Сегодня «чистая» электроэнергия (в секторе которой и сосредоточено вс

          FAU Business News – neu ab April 2017        
Die FAU als eine der innovativsten und forschungsstärksten Universitäten weltweit arbeitet für ihre richtungsweisenden Forschungsprojekte regelmäßig mit Partnern aus Wirtschaft und Industrie zusammen – hierzu zählen unter anderem die Siemens AG, die Schaeffler Technologies AG & Co. KG oder die N-ERGIE AG. Die Universität ist zudem Ausgangspunkt zahlreicher Ausgründungen und...
          User Review: Lovely size and has it all...        

texbru submitted this review of the HTC 2125 / 2100 (Faraday):

Overall rating: 5 (out of 5)

I just got the 2125 after having my Siemens SX66 for more then a year. I love the great speaker-phone and the edge on the 2125. And size does matter a bunch. The SX66 was way to big. I don't have to worry about loosing the darn pen anymore.
So far the 2125 has been a great phone with no cons.

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          NSF Funds State-of-the-Art MRI Scanner        
The National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded Boston University researchers $1.6 million for a state-of-the-art Siemens 3 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) scanner, a fundamental tool for studying the brain and the centerpiece of a new Center for Cognitive Neuroimaging at BU. Chantal Stern, a BU College of Arts & Sciences professor of Psychological & Brain Sciences is […]
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Gigabyte GA-H55M-USB3 Bios F10
Gigabyte GA-H55M-UD2H Bios F11
MSI K9N6PGM2-V2(FOR EUP) Bios 10.3
MSI K9N6PGM2-F V2 Bios 2.6
MSI P55-GD85 Bios 1.4
MSI P41T-C31 Bios 1.8
MSI P41T-C33 Bios 1.8
Fujitsu-Siemens LIFEBOOK NH570 Notebook Bios 1.06
Biostar TPower X58A Bios 266
Biostar TPower X58 Bios 226
Biostar TPower I55 Bios 602
Biostar T5XE CFX-SLI Bios 602
Asrock 760GM-S3 Bios 1.00
Zotac ION ITX-P-E Bios 2K100512
Asrock P55 Pro/USB3 Bios 1.30
Asrock P55 Extreme4 Bios 1.50
Asrock 760GM-GS3 Bios 1.00
Dell Inspiron 1570 Notebook Bios A04
Biostar TPower X58A Bios 266
Biostar TPower X58 Bios 226
Biostar TPower I55 Bios 602
MSI H55M-E23 Bios 17.1
MSI P55-CD53 Bios 1.9
MSI Big Bang-Fuzion Bios 1.3
MSI P55-GD80 Bios 1.A
MSI P55A-GD55 Bios 10.2
Gigabyte GA-MA770T-UD3 Bios F8
Gigabyte GA-MA770T-UD3 Bios F8
Gigabyte GA-770T-D3L Bios F4
Asus Eee PC 1005PE Netbook Bios 1202
MSI H55M-E21 Bios 17.1
Gigabyte GA-EP43T-UD3L Bios F9
Asus ET2010AGT Bios 0313
ECS NFORCE6M-A2 Bios 08/12/2010
Dell Inspiron 1425 Notebook Bios A06
Asrock G41C-S Bios 1.10
Asrock G41C-GS Bios 1.10
Asrock G31M-VS2 Bios 1.10
Asus EeeBox PC EB1012P Bios 0108
ECS X58B-A2 (V1.0/1.1) Bios 10/02/08
PCChips P47G (V1.0) Bios 09/03/17
Dell Inspiron E1705 Notebook Bios A10
Jetway NC9C-550-LF BIOS A02_W
Jetway HA12 BIOS A01_W
MSI 790XT-G45 Bios 2.5
MSI 890GXM-G65 Bios 1.7
MSI 880GM-E41 Bios 11.6
MSI 880GMA-E53 Bios 22.0
MSI Wind Top AE2420 3D Bios 5.30
Asus M2A-MX BIOS 0904
Acer Aspire 5553 Notebook Bios 1.17
Dell Inspiron E1705 Notebook Bios A10
Gigabyte GA-M720-US3 Bios F7N Beta
Jetway NC9C-455-LF BIOS A02_W
MSI 790XT-G45 Bios 2.5
MSI 890GXM-G65 Bios 1.7
MSI 880GM-E41 Bios 11.6
MSI 880GMA-E53 Bios 22.0
Gigabyte GA-P55A-UD4P Bios F14
Gigabyte GA-880GMA-UD2H Bios F5A
Gigabyte GA-H55M-S2V (rev. 1.3) Bios F3
Gigabyte GA-H55M-S2V (rev. 1.4) Bios F3
Gigabyte GA-MA770-US3 Bios FKA Beta
Gigabyte GA-MA785GPM-UD2H Bios F5E Beta
Gigabyte GA-P55A-UD3R Bios F13
Dell Inspiron M5010 Notebook Bios A06
Gigabyte GA-P55A-UD4 (rev. 1.0) Bios F15
Gigabyte GA-EP43T-S3L Bios F7
ECS A740GM-M (V1.0) Bios 2010/05/07
ECS A740GM-M (V1.0A) Bios 2010/05/07
ECS P45T-AD3 (V1.0A) Bios 09/07/06
Asus Eee PC 1201N Bios 0326
Dell Inspiron N7010 Notebook Bios A07
Asus ET2002T Bios 1201
MSI P41-C33 Bios 10.6
MSI G41TM-P31 Bios 1.A
MSI G41TM-P33 Bios 1.A
MSI G41M4-L Bios 1.A
MSI G41M4-F Bios 1.A
MSI G41M-P33 Bios 7.9
ECS G31T-M7 (V7.0) Bios 09/10/15
Dell Inspiron N5010 Notebook Bios A08
ECS A780VM-M2 (V1.0) Bios 04/22/09
MSI G31TM-P25 Bios 4.7
Dell Inspiron N4030 Notebook Bios A02
Asus M2N-X Bios 1101
Asus M4N68T PRO Bios 0703
Asus EB1007 Bios 0304
Gigabyte GA-880GA-UD3H Bios F5
Asus Eee PC 1015PEM Netbook Bios 0607
ECS P45T-A2R (V1.0) Bios 09/03/11
ECS A750GM-M (V7.0) Bios 08/19/2010
MSI H55-GD65 Bios 1.5
MSI H55M-E33 Bios 1.9
MSI H55M-P31 Bios 1.9
MSI H55M-P33 Bios 1.9
MSI DKA790GX Bios 1.F
MSI KA790GX Bios 1.8
Asus N43Jf Notebook Bios 204
Dell Inspiron N4020 Notebook Bios A02
ECS P45T-A (V1.0) Bios 09/05/20
Gigabyte GA-770T-USB3 (rev. 1.3) Bios F4
Asus ET2010AG Bios 0313
ECS A740GM-M (V8.0/8.1) Bios
Dell Inspiron N4010 Notebook Bios A07
Asrock K10N78hSLI-1394 Bios 1.20
MSI GT663 Notebook Bios 3.0D
Gigabyte GA-X48T-DQ6 (rev. 1.1) Bios F6
Gigabyte GA-EP45T-UD3P Bios F8c Beta
Gigabyte GA-EP35-DS4 Bios F6
Gigabyte GA-P35C-DS3R Bios F12
Dell Inspiron N5030 Notebook Bios A02

 Gigabyte T1005M Netbook LAN Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook eSATA Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook Touchpad Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook LAN Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook eSATA Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook Touchpad Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook USB 3.0 Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook Smart Manager Utility
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook 3G Driver
Gigabyte T1005M Netbook Bluetooth Driver
Zotac ION ITX-N-E Chipset Driver XP64
Zotac ION ITX-N-E Nvidia HD Audio Driver
Zotac ION ITX-N-E Onboard HD Audio Driver XP
Zotac ION ITX-N-E RAID Driver
ECS A780LM-M (V7.0) ATI Chipset Driver
ECS A780LM-M (V7.0) VIA HD Audio Driver
ECS A780LM-M (V7.0) ATI VGA Driver 8.512 XP
ECS A780LM-M (V7.0) ATI VGA Driver Win7
ECS A780LM-M (V7.0) ATI VGA Driver Vista
Zotac ION ITX-N-E Chipset Driver Vista/Win7
ECS MCP61M-M3 VIA HD Audio Driver 7500a
Acer Aspire 4551 Notebook Atheros Bluetooth 3.0 Driver
Acer Aspire 4551 Notebook Broadcom LAN Driver
Acer Aspire 4551 Notebook Lite-On Modem Driver
Acer Aspire 4551 Notebook AMD VGA Driver
Dell Inspiron 1764 Notebook QuickSet Application
Dell Inspiron 1764 Notebook HLDS GT10N Firmware
Dell Inspiron 1764 Notebook PLDS DS-4E1S Firmware
Dell Inspiron 1764 Notebook TEAC DV-W28SV Firmware
Dell Inspiron 1764 Notebook IMEI A00
Lite-On iHAS224 B ODD Firmware GL05
Lite-On iHAS124 B ODD Firmware AL0F
Asus EeeBox EB1501P ATK ACPI Driver
Asus EeeBox EB1501P Realtek Audio Driver
Asus EeeBox EB1501P ITE CIR Driver
Nvidia GeForce/ION Display Driver XP64
Asus EeeBox EB1501P NEC USB 3.0 Driver
Lite-On iHAS324 B ODD Firmware AL15
MSI NF725-C21 i-Charger Utility 1.0.104
Samsung TS-H663C ODD Firmware KC02
MSI P43-C43 OverClocking Center 2.0.186
MSI P43-C43 Intel INF Driver
Samsung TS-U633J ODD Firmware SC01
Samsung TS-L633J ODD Firmware SC01
Optiarc AD-7260S ODD Firmware 1.02
Zotac ION ITX-P-E AzureWave WiFi Driver XP
Zotac ION ITX-P-E Chipset Driver Vista/Win7
Zotac ION ITX-P-E Chipset Driver XP
Zotac ION ITX-P-E Chipset Driver XP64
Zotac ION ITX-P-E RAID Driver
Asrock 760GM-GS3 AMD VGA Driver XP
Gigabyte GA-P55-S3 Realtek Audio Driver
Gigabyte GA-P55-S3 SATA2 Driver
Dell Inspiron 1570 NB QuickSet Application
Dell Inspiron 1570 NB HLDS GT10N Firmware
Dell Inspiron 1570 NB TSST TS-L633C Firmware
Dell Inspiron 1570 NB Intel WiFi Link 5100 Driver
Dell Inspiron 1570 NB Realtek RTL8111DL LAN Driver
Dell Inspiron 1570 NB Intel 4500MHD VGA Driver A03
Asrock 760GM-GS3 SATA2 Driver XP
Zotac ION ITX-O-E Nvidia HD Audio Driver
Zotac ION ITX-O-E Onboard HD Audio Driver Vista/Win7
Zotac ION ITX-O-E Onboard HD Audio Driver XP
Zotac ION ITX-O-E RAID Driver
Asus Eee PC 1005PE Netbook Intel Chipset Driver
Asus Eee PC 1005PE Netbook Hotkey Service Utility
Asus Eee PC 1005PE Netbook KB Filter Utility
Asus Eee PC 1005PE Netbook AHCI Driver
Asus Eee PC 1005PE Netbook Camera Driver XP
Zotac ION ITX-O-E Chipset Driver Vista/Win7
Asus ET2010AGT Costar TV Tuner Driver WHQL
ECS NFORCE6M-A2 Realtek HD Audio Driver 2.25
Dell Inspiron 1425 NB Remote Access Utility A06
Dell Inspiron 1425 NB Intel Chipset Driver A00
MSI 870-C43 i-Charger Utility 1.0.104
MSI 870-C43 OverClocking Center 2.0.186
MSI 870-C43 AMD OverDrive Utility 3.2.1
MSI 870-C43 AutoBoot Utility 1.0.103
MSI 870-C43 ATI System Drivers 8.71
Asus ET2010AGT ENE CIR Driver WHQL
Asus EeeBox PC EB1012P AW-NE785 WLAN Driver
Asus EeeBox PC EB1012P Intel IMSM Driver
Asus EeeBox PC EB1012P ITE CIR Driver
ECS X58B-A2 Intel Chipset Driver
ECS X58B-A2 Realtek HD Audio Driver
PCChips P47G (V1.0) Intel VGA Driver XP
PCChips P47G (V1.0) Intel VGA Driver XP64
PCChips P47G (V1.0) Intel VGA Driver Vista
Asus EeeBox PC EB1012P Vibe Utility
MSI Wind Top AE2420 3D USB 3.0 Driver
MSI Wind Top AE2420 3D iZ3D Driver
Asus M2A-MX Atheros L1 LAN Driver
Acer Aspire 5553 Notebook Realtek Audio Driver
Acer Aspire 5553 Notebook Atheros Bluetooth Driver
Acer Aspire 5553 Notebook Atheros LAN Driver
Dell Inspiron E1705 NB PC Tune Up 2.0 Utility
Dell Inspiron E1705 Notebook QuickSet Utility
MSI Wind Top AE2420 3D WMIHook Driver
Asus U35JC Notebook Fast Boot Utility
Asus U35JC Notebook Intel WiFi Driver
Asus U35JC Notebook BT-183 Bluetooth Driver
Asus U35JC Notebook Fingerprint Driver
Asus U35JC Notebook Intel Turbo Boost Monitor
Asus U35JC Notebook Keyboard Device Filter
ECS 945GCT-M (V1.0) Intel Chipset Driver
ECS 945GCT-M (V1.0) Realtek LAN Driver
ECS 945GCT-M (V1.0) Realtek HD Audio Driver
ECS 945GCT-M (V1.0) Intel VGA Driver XP
Asus Eee PC 1201K Netbook KB Filter Utility
Asus Eee PC 1201K Netbook Bluetooth Driver
Asus Eee PC 1201K Netbook Camera Driver
CHICONY TwinkleCam DC-5110 Driver
Nvidia GeForce/ION VGA Driver Beta XP
Nvidia GeForce/ION VGA Driver Beta XP64
Nvidia GeForce/ION VGA Driver Beta Vista/Win7
Dell Inspiron M5010 NB QuickSet Application
Dell Inspiron M5010 NB AMD USB Filter Driver
MSI Wind Top AE2420 ATI VGA Driver
Asus Eee PC 1201N Atheros LAN Driver
Asus Eee PC 1201N Touchpad Driver
Asus Eee PC 1201N AW-NE785 WLAN Driver
Asus Eee PC 1201N Bluetooth Driver
Asus Eee PC 1201N Super Hybrid Engine Utility
Asus Eee PC 1201N Docking Utility
Asus Eee PC 1201N KB Filter Utility
Dell Inspiron N7010 Notebook Intel Turbo Boost Driver
Dell Inspiron N7010 Notebook 365 Bluetooth Driver
Dell Inspiron N7010 Notebook Intel VGA Driver
Infrasonic Windy6 Driver
INFRASONIC DeuX Free Mixer Driver
ECS G31T-M7 (V7.0) Intel Chipset Driver
ECS G31T-M7 VIA HD Audio Driver 7100b
ECS G31T-M7 Intel VGA Driver Vista
Dell Inspiron N5010 NB QuickSet Application
Dell Inspiron N5010 NB PLDS DS-4E1S Firmware
Infrasonic M49 USB MIDI Controller Driver
Dell Inspiron N5010 NB 365 Bluetooth Driver
Dell Inspiron N5010 NB Intel VGA Driver
Asus EB1007 Realtek Audio Driver WHQL
Asus EB1007 Intel VGA Driver
Asus EB1007 JMicron LAN Driver
Asus EB1007 Card Reader Driver XP
Asus EB1007 AW-NE785 WLAN Driver
Asus EB1007 AW-GE112 WLAN Driver WHQL
Asus EB1007 Intel AHCI Driver
Asus EB1007 Eee Manager Suite
PCChips P49G (V1.0) Intel Chipset Driver
Asus EB1007 ACPI Driver
Samsung SH-S223C Firmware ID02
Samsung SE-S084F Firmware TS00
Asrock Vision 3D 137D Realtek HD Audio Driver
Asrock Vision 3D 137D Intel INF Driver
Asrock Vision 3D 137D Realtek LAN Driver Win7
Asrock Vision 3D 137D Realtek LAN Driver Vista
Asrock Vision 3D 137D Realtek LAN Driver XP
Asrock Vision 3D 137D AppCharger Utility
Asrock Vision 3D 137D Card Reader Driver
ECS A750GM-M (V7.0) VIA HD Audio Driver
Asus N43Jf Notebook Atheros LAN Driver
Asus N43Jf Notebook Intel WiFi Driver
Asus N43Jf NB Power4Gear Hybrid Utility
Dell Inspiron N4020 NB Atheros AR8132 LAN Driver
ECS P45T-A (V1.0) Intel Chipset Driver
ECS P45T-A (V1.0) Atheros L1e LAN Driver
ECS P45T-A (V1.0) Realtek HD Audio Driver
Asus N43Jf Notebook Intel INF Driver
Asrock Vision 3D 137B WLAN Driver XP
Asrock Vision 3D 137B WLAN Driver Vista
Asrock Vision 3D 137B WLAN Driver Win7
ECS IC41T-A (V1.1) Realtek HD Audio Driver
ECS A740GM-M (V8.0/8.1) ATI Chipset Driver
ECS A740GM-M (V8.0/8.1) IDT HD Audio Driver
ECS A740GM-M (V8.0/8.1) ATI VGA Driver Win7
ECS A740GM-M (V8.0/8.1) ATI VGA Driver Vista
ECS A740GM-M (V8.0/8.1) ATI VGA Driver XP
Asrock Vision 3D 137B Intel VGA Driver XP
Asus U45JC Notebook Fast Boot Utility
Gigabyte GA-EX58-UD3R-SLI Realtek Audio Driver
Gigabyte GA-EX58-UD3R-SLI SATA2 RAID Driver
MSI GT663 Notebook EC Firmware
MSI GT663 Notebook LED Manager
Dell Inspiron N5030 NB QuickSet Application
Dell Inspiron N5030 NB Intel GM45 Chipset Driver
Dell Inspiron N5030 NB Alps TouchPad Driver
Dell Inspiron N5030 NB 365 Bluetooth Driver A00
Asus U45JC NB Keyboard Device Filter Utility

La evolución del teléfono móvil ha permitido disminuir su tamaño y peso, desde ese primer teléfono móvil en 1983 que pesaba 780 gramos, a los actuales más compactos y con mayores prestaciones de servicio. El desarrollo de baterías más pequeñas y de mayor duración, pantallas más nítidas y de colores, la incorporación de software más amigable, hacen del teléfono móvil un elemento muy apreciado en la vida moderna.
El avance de la tecnología ha hecho que estos aparatos incorporen funciones que no hace mucho parecían futuristas, como juegos, reproducción de música MP3 y otros formatos, correo electrónico, SMS, agenda electrónica PDA, fotografía digital y video digital, video llamada, navegación por Internet y hasta Televisión digital. Las compañías de telefonía móvil ya están pensando nuevas aplicaciones para este pequeño aparato que nos acompaña a todas partes. Algunas de esas ideas son: medio de pago, localizador e identificador de personas. Siempre hay que tener en cuenta los grandes avances sufridos desde el primer teléfono móvil hasta el actual. La etapa de evolución de los teléfonos celulares lo podemos dividir en tres generaciones:


La primera generación comprende desde la aparición del primer teléfono celular en el mercado mundial conocido como "el ladrillo" (DynaTac 8000X) hasta finales de los 80. Estos eran caracterizados por ser de tecnología analógica para uso restringido de comunicaciones orales. La tecnología predominante en esta generación fue la AMPS ( Advanced Mobile Phone System)


La segunda generación hace su aparición en la década de los 90, en su mayoría son de tecnología digital y tienen ciertos beneficios muy valorados como duración extendida de la batería, posibilidad de ser más seguros y una definición mayor en el sonido. Estos teléfonos, y también algunos teléfonos analógicos, cuentan con la posibilidad se envió y recepción de mensajes de texto (SMS) sin embargo, aun no es en estos años el "boom" de esta herramienta que en los últimos años se ha masificado de modo increíble. A finales de la década se produce la fiebre por los teléfonos celulares, la gente común se agrega a la lista de usuarios, favorecidos por el tipo de cambio y la competencia entre diferentes compañías.
Las tecnologías predominantes son: GSM (Global System por Mobile Communications); IS-136 (conocido también como TIA/EIA136 o ANSI-136) y CDMA (Code Division Multiple Access) y PDC (Personal Digital Communications), éste último utilizado en Japón.


Se caracteriza por juntar las tecnologías anteriores con las nuevas tecnologías incorporadas en los teléfonos celulares. Se inaugura la masificacion de los teléfonos celulares. En estos años los teléfonos celulares se encuentran provistos de un chip, tarjeta SIM, donde se encuentra ingresada toda la información.
Una de las causas mas importantes de la extensión en el consumo hasta llegar a capaz humildes de la sociedad es la existencia en el mercado de teléfonos GSM de lo que se llama "bajo rango", como los Nokia 1100, Sagem XT, Motorota C200 o C 115, Alcatel, Siemens A56 o Sony Ericsson T106, todos a precios muy económicos y rodeados de promociones. Sin embargo la necesidad de pertenencia, de alcanzar cierto status social no deja de estar presente, el celular además de su uso comunicativo no deja de tener un valor simbólico de pertenencia de clase, tanto en los jóvenes como en los altos ejecutivos que aun hoy siguen beneficiándose con sus servicios. Hay junto a estos aparatos "menores" una variedad infinita con cámara de foto digital, algunos hasta permiten minutos de filmación, poseen pantalla a color, conexión a Internet rapidísima (tecnología EDGE), envió de mensajes multimedia (MMS) y acceso a casilla de e-mail (POP3).
En 2001 se lanza en Japón la 3G de celulares, los cuales están basados en los UMTS (servicios General de Telecomunicaciones Móviles). En este caso se dio uno de los pasos finales en lo que es la telefonía móvil y la Informática. La novedad más significativa fue la incorporación de una segunda cámara para realizar video llamadas, es decir hablar con una persona y verla al mismo tiempo por medio del teléfono móvil.
Esta evolución en los celulares implica que hoy por hoy estemos hablando de un mercado mucho más amplio y en consecuencia variado. Todo reflejado en las campañas publicitarias cada vez más específicas por un lado y por otro en la suma de promociones y planes que intentan abarcar todo el espectro de posibles clientes

La evolución del teléfono móvil ha permitido disminuir su tamaño y peso, desde el Motorola DynaTAC, el primer teléfono móvil en 1983 que pesaba 800 gramos, a los actuales más compactos y con mayores prestaciones de servicio. El desarrollo de baterías más pequeñas y de mayor duración, pantallas más nítidas y de colores, la incorporación de software más amigable, hacen del teléfono móvil un elemento muy apreciado en la vida moderna.
El avance de la tecnología ha hecho que estos aparatos incorporen funciones que no hace mucho parecían futuristas, como juegos, reproducción de música MP3 y otros formatos, correo electrónico, SMS, agenda electrónica PDA, fotografía digital y video digital, video llamada, navegación por Internet, GPS, y hasta Televisión digital. Las compañías de telefonía móvil ya están pensando nuevas aplicaciones para este pequeño aparato que nos acompaña a todas partes. Algunas de esas ideas son: medio de pago, localizador e identificador de personas

          Nokia Dulu HP Sejuta Umat Kini HP Sepi Peminat        

Pada akhir 1990an hingga awal tahun sekitar tahun 2008, ponsel Nokia seolah menjadi ponsel sejuta umat. Terutama di Indonesia, Nokia mengalahkan para pesaingnya seperti Siemens, motorola, samsung dan lain-lain. Pun juga di kancah dunia, Nokia terbukti menjadi produsen ponsel terbesar.
Namun seiring munculnya iPhone dari Apple dan ponsel berbasis Android, Nokia kini mulai tenggelam. Terlebih dengan munculnya raksasa ponsel baru dari Kanada, Research in Motion dengan ponsel BlackBerrynya.
Nampaknya Nokia kehilangan semangat untuk mencoba menciptakan teknologi baru jika dibandingkan dengan para pesaingnya tersebut. Terbukti, dari berbagai survey pasar, para konsumen cenderung memilih ponsel Android, BlackBerry maupun iPhone. Ketiga ponsel tersebut selalu menempati posisi tiga besar dari berbagai survey yang dilakukan oleh beberapa pihak.
Lalu bagaimana dengan ponsel dari Nokia. Perusahaan dari Finlandia ini kini seolah tengah ditinggalkan para konsumennya. Mereka tengah berduka. Dulu Nokia yang membanggakan OS mobile Symbian, kini mulai meninggalkannya. Mereka pun beralih untuk menggunakan OS dari Microsoft, Windows Phone Mobile.
Tak cukup dengan hal tersebut, Nokia kini juga tengah melakukan efisiensi besar-besaran. Menurunnya tingkat penjualan, nampaknya mulai mempengaruhi kondisi ekonomi Nokia. Terbaru mereka melakukan pemecatan secara besar-besaran terhadap 3500 pegawainya. Padahal pada awal tahun ini, mereka juga melakukan langkah serupa terhadap 6800 peneliti dan pegawai mereka lainnya.
Bayangkan saja, tingkat penjualan ponsel Nokia kini ‘hanya’ 97,87 juta unit pada quarter kedua, menurun jika dibandingkan dengan tahun lalu yang mencapai 111,47 juta unit. Dengan jumlah penjualan tersebut, mereka hanya meraih 22,8 persen market share, turun dari 30,3 persen. Tak hanya itu, OS Symbian juga mengalami hal serupa, meraih 22,1 persen market share pada quarter 2, turun drastis dari 40,9 persen pada tahun lalu.
Entah langkah apalagi yang harus dilakukan oleh Nokia untuk tetap dapat bersaing dengan RIM, Apple, maupun Ponsel Android. Terbaru, mereka dirumorkan akan mengembangkan sistem operasi baru yang berbasiskan Linux dan ditujukan untuk ponsel low end. Namun apakah hal ini cukup untuk mengembalikan kedigdayaan ponsel Nokia? Sulit rasanya untuk kembali eksis.

          O Twitter como AVA - Reflexão Final        
Durante o primeiro mês da disciplina de AVA foi-nos proposto trabalhar com uma ferramenta que, de algum modo, me causava alguma estranheza em termos de uso - o Twitter -. Esta ferramenta e todo o trabalho a desenvolver com ela foi-nos apresentado pela pessoa que eu sempre vi defender o seu uso em contexto profissional como sendo um PLE (vi-o fazer isso, presencialmente na Conferência MyMpel1), mas nunca tinha percebido o sentido das suas palavras (eheh). Quando a proposta foi feita pensei 'bem lá vou eu entrar num mundo de cento e poucos carateres e falar por código... como se estivesse a digitar um SMS num telefone' (algo que não faço com grande regularidade apesar de ter um telefone que utilizo para outras coisas, nomeadamente para telefonar (lol) ou ir ao Facebook ou a outros locais virtuais, mas pouco para enviar mensagens). Apesar de tudo pensei: 'vamos ver, pode ser que me renda às evidências da sua utilidade e o passe a utilizar no meu contexto profissional'. E assim foi... começaram aqui os primeiros passos no uso profissional do Twitter (devo salientar que tenho conta há mais de um ano, mas nunca tinha percebido muito bem o seu funcionamento nem a sua utilidade).
Ao começar a utilizar o Twitter reparei que havia pessoas do mundo do 'e-learning' que o utilizavam com frequência para fazer passar informação / conhecimento através de link's e que utilizavam o Facebook (ferramenta aparentemente similar, mas muito diferente tanto em termos gráficos como nos propósitos da sua utilização) num sentido mais pessoal e com uma comunicação menos informativa ou cognitiva; refiro-me a pessoas como Stephen Downes ou George Siemens. Isso despertou-me inicialmente a atenção e por isso coloquei um tweet sobre esse tema tendo, de imediato, sido encaminhada para a diferenciação entre 'social network' e 'social media'. Aqui comecei a perceber que o Twitter e o Facebook (ferramenta que utilizava mais frequentemente e que já havia estudado em disciplinas com MREL e ESR, nomeadamente no domínio dos relacionamentos éticos aí existentes) são efectivamente, e não apenas em termos gráficos como pensava, diferentes e são utilizados pela maioria das pessoas com propósitos diferenciados. Assim o Facebook é mais a 'feira das vaidades e do ócio' e o Twitter o lugar do 'neg-ócio' (onde se nega o ócio - porque está essencialmente direcionada para a passagem da informação e divulgação de conhecimento). É claro que muitos dos 'users' do Facebook utilizam esta rede social como uma forma de fazer passar informação / conhecimento, mas... em muitos casos é mais um 'ir ao café sem sair de casa'; por outro lado o Twitter tem um interface mais enfadonho (na minha perspetiva) porque tem algumas palavras (que por vezes parecem autentico código) e muitos link's - interiores ou exteriores ao twitter -, alguns dos quais eu nem sequer sabia o que eram (as famosas hastags) e a quantidade de informação é tanta... que é muito fácil nos perdermos (mesmo nas conversas estabelecidas entre utilizadores do twitter - até pelo interface gráfico da ferramenta -). 
Depois de iniciar o seu uso e de fazer algumas incursões, guiadas pela ferramenta e perceber o significado de alguns símbolos com # ou @ quando ligados a um 'nome' e suas diferenças intrínsecas, comecei a perceber o seu funcionamento e, afinal até nem é tão mau como inicialmente pensara porque o Twitter tem uma diversidade de utilidades das quais explorei seriamente duas - a partilha de informação / conhecimento  e o Twitter como 'backchannel' (sobre o qual já efectuei uma reflexão) -. Assim percebi que o interface gráfico desta ferramenta é menos apelativo, mas isso não é um defeito será, antes, uma virtude porque não nos dispersa a atenção mas leva-nos a concentrar-nos para os tweets e essencialmente para os retweets (talvez sejam estes que nos dêem algo que se possa constituir como conhecimento para além da informação - porque a quantidade de retweets ditará a qualidade da informação- será?) e menções (as pessoas mais mencionadas serão aquelas que terão maior fiabilidade para serem veículos de conhecimento). Este conjunto de funcionalidades do Twitter permitiu-me olhar a ferramenta de outro modo e perceber que afinal eu estava errada - o Twitter é melhor, em termos informativos e cognitivos, do que o Facebook (até porque, como já disse, são ferramentas com propósitos e usos  diferentes. Aquilo que eu ainda não sabia, mas estava prestes a descobrir, é que existiam ferramentas que me permitiam visualizar as duas (ou mais) redes - Twitter e Facebook - num mesmo local. Foi assim que descobri que o HootSuite e o TweetDeck faziam a gestão da informação proveniente de várias redes. Assim escolhi o HootSuite (até porque não precisava de downlood e as indicações dadas, no próprio Twitter pelos colegas / professor, davam conta de que eram equivalentes - aqui percebi diretamente uma das poderosas funções do Twiiter: a influência da opinião / perspetiva pela informação veiculada-). Passei a ter 3 janelas com 3 redes diferentes - Twitter / Facebook / Linkedin para ver o que por lá se ía passando. Assim consegui perceber, metaforicamente falando, que o Facebook é como andar num 'centro comercial' onde vamos fazendo várias visitas, vendo coisas novas, aprendendo alguma coisa, mas pouca...; o Twitter como um 'complexo universitário' onde a informação e o conhecimento são o expoente da sua existência, mas com tantas áreas de saber e tantos livros na biblioteca que nem 500 anos chegariam para ler tudo; o Linkedin como o 'centro de emprego' onde vamos tendo acesso a locais / pessoas / instituições mas é tudo muito vago e labiríntico (só para quem conhece bem - e eu ainda não tive tempo de explorar esta ferramenta -). Todas passaram a ter um interface gráfico semelhante, mas o 'chorrilho' de informação é visivelmente maior no Twitter (apesar de ter mais 'amigos' no Facebook). Como gerir toda esta informação???? Esta é uma das questões que mais me assola a mente porque, afinal, ainda sou humana e não consigo aceder a tanta informação e ver quais as suas potencialidades, virtualidades, etc. Não há uma ferramenta que possibilite a digestão da informação e a transforme em conhecimento??? Bem... não me parece; porém existem algumas ferramentas que trabalham conjuntamente com o Twitter possibilitando a passagem de informação / conhecimento de um lado para o outro (como a publicação automática de informação em vários locais - p.ex. o HootSuite possibilita-me publicar uma informação / link em vários locais ao mesmo tempo, como p.ex. no Twitter, Facebook, Linkedin ou mesmo RSS / Atom Feeds (que no meu caso adicionei o do Google Reader) -. Certamente que existirão outras ferramentas que possibilitarão o automático disparo de informação aquando do aparecimento de algo novo vindo de um determinado local / pessoa (que o utilizador terá selecionado), mas... esses dispositivos eu não conheço (com alguma pena minha)... mas lá chegarei. Posso então afirmar que com o HootSuite descobri o associar de várias contas, mas não tive ainda muito tempo para digerir tanta informação; as dicas foram muitas e boas, mas o tempo é cada vez mais escasso... Para além destas ferramentas liguei o Twitter com outras aplicações tais como twitterfeed, (que pelos vistos está mais do que em desuso, oooppsss!), ThinkUp, DISQUS, TweetMeme ou Klout sendo que cada uma tem uma funcionalidade diferenciada do outro (mas ainda as estou a descobrir e a perceber o seu funcionamento!).
Para além da aprendizagem efetuada a partir do uso do Twitter em interação com outras ferramentas aprendi a utilizar algumas das suas funcionalidades como o fazer listas, ver as menções, responder ou fazer retweet, mas devo dizer que por vezes se torna confuso utilizar o Twitter quando ainda não se conhece bem a ferramenta, até porque é muito difícil acompanhar as conversas que no feed de notícias (timeline) vão surgindo porque elas não surgem encadeadas o que poderá por vezes trazer alguns erros de interpretação e situações pouco agradáveis. Porém esta ferramenta serve bem o intuito da sua existência e, como afirma Tim O'Reilly, num artigo citado pelo colega Hugo Domingos (Why I love Twitter) 'Twitter is a re-incarnation of the old Unix philosophy of simple, cooperating tools': a simplicidade e a cooperatividade da ferramenta são os seus preciosismos que fazem crescer a informação e passar conhecimento. Considero, neste sentido, que o percurso de aprendizagem neste AVA foi difícil, mas frutuoso: Vencida e Convencida... é verdade: PRIMEIRO ESTRANHA-SE; DEPOIS ENTRANHA-SE. Um bem haja ao colega e professor Paulo Simões por esta apresentação formal da ferramenta e pelas dicas que de há dois anos a esta parte vou seguindo.

          Uma rede...        
Na segunda semana de atividades foi-nos proposta a construção de uma rede pessoal sobre um tema relacionado com educação; neste sentido elaborei uma lista sobre Teóricos de um Novo Paradigma Educacional, procurando integrar figuras de renome nacional e internacional. Assim as minhas escolhas situaram-se nas seguintes linhas:

- Figuras Internacionais que constituem objeto de estudo quando se fala de novos paradigmas em educação: 1) George Siemens; 2) Pierre Levy; 3) Manuel Castells; 4) David Wiley; 5) Tim O'Reilly; 6) Dave Cormier; 7) Stephen Downes;
- Figuras / Instituições Nacionais que operam essa passagem de paradigmas: 1) Universidade Aberta; 2) António Figueiredo;
- Professores / Investigadores que operam essa passagem de paradigmas: 1) Grainne Conole; 2) Alec Couros; 3) Jose Luis Orihuela; 4) Morten Flate Paulsen; 

É percetível o porquê das escolhas das 7 figuras iniciais; nada há a dizer. Porém pareceu-me também importante colocar nesta lista professores que levem a cabo, na sua atividade, a passagem de paradigmas e, é neste sentido que foram escolhidas 5 figuras (1 nacional e 4 estrangeiras que o fazem); escolhi ainda 1 instituição (e tinha apontado para 1 blog que retirei devido à sua não atualização desde Março) que, nacional e internacionalmente tem feito a diferença na proposta de um novo paradigma educacional.

Dito e feito! Aqui está a LISTA...


Syndrome congénital dû à une carence en protéines riches en soufre, qui associe un trouble cutané (ichtyoses), une atteinte des cheveux (brittle air = trichothiodystrophie), un retard mental (intellectual impairment), une hypofertilité (decreased fertility) et un nanisme (short stature). Le diagnostic est confirmé par l'examen des cheveux en lumière polarisée et sur un dosage des acides aminés soufrés (cystéine, notamment) des cheveux. En cas de photosensibilité, le syndrome prend le nom de PIBIDS.

Forme d'ichtyose (>) héréditaire transmise sur le mode autosomique dominant. Elle est caractérisée par un épaississement de la peau (hyperkératose) diffus pouvant atteindre les paumes et les plantes, et par des érosions superficielles. L'examen histologique confirme le diagnostic.

Forme d'ichtyose (4) liée au chromosome X qui touche environ 1 garçon sur 6000. Elle débute chez le nouveau-né ou le nourrisson. Les squames sont noirâtres et touchent principalement le thorax. Un prurit (démangeaisons) est fréquent. Elle a tendance à s'aggraver avec l'âge. Le traitement est le même que pour l'ichtyose vulgaire (>).

Définition et causes.
Affection cutanée héréditaire, de transmission autosomique dominante, qui est caractérisée par un épaississement de la couche cornée qui donne un aspect d'écailles.

Touche 1 personne sur 300.

Signes et symptômes.
La peau est normale à la naissance mais devient sèche et rugueuse, avec de fines squames qui se détachent, à l'âge de 1 à 2 ans. Les zones principalement atteintes sont le dos et la face d'extension des membres (les plis sont respectés). Les follicules pileux sont souvent soulignés par un cône (kératose pilaire).

Le diagnostic est clinique. En cas de doute, une biopsie avec un examen histologique est utile.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
L'évolution est chronique sur toute la vie mais le pronostic est essentiellement esthétique.

Dans les formes modérées, un simple lait hydratant est suffisant. Dans les formes plus importantes, des produits kératolytiques locaux, vaseline salicylée...) sont indiqués.

Définitions et causes..
Ictère néonatal survenant chez les enfants nourris au sein et dû à la présence dans le lait de certaines mères d'une grande quantité de lipoprotéines-lipases dont le métabolisme inhibe la conjugaison de la bilirubine. Le risque est plus important en cas de montée laiteuse précoce.

Il touche 1 à 3 % des enfants nourris au sein.

Signes et symptômes.
Ils se limitent à un ictère simple, modéré et isolé.

La bilirubine non conjuguée est < 340 pmol/L.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
Il persiste plusieurs semaines en cas de poursuite de l'allaitement, mais disparaît en quelques jours s'il est interrompu.

Le chauffage du lait maternel à 56 °C (destruction des lipoprotéines lipases) pendant quelque temps est efficace, puis une reprise de  l’allaitement est normale.

Eduquer la mère à chauffer systématiquement lait après utilisation d’une trayeuse. 

Définition et causes.
Hyperbilirubinémie néonatale dont la principale forme est l'ictère simple dû à un défaut de maturation enzymatique. Les autres causes sont la prématurité, l'hémolyse par incompatibilité Rhésus ou ABO, une infection, un certain nombre de maladies génétiques avec un déficit enzymatique ou une anomalie des voies biliaires.

L'ictère simple touche 30 à 50 % des nouveau-nés à terme normaux.

Signes et symptômes.
Apparition au deux ou troisième jour de vie d'un ictère isolé, sans autre anomalie, d'intensité modérée. Tout ictère évoluant avant le premier jour de vie est pathologique et risque de s'aggraver. Tout ictère associé à une décoloration des selles complète et permanente depuis plus de 8 jours est, jusqu'à preuve du contraire, une atrésie des voies biliaires qui constitue une urgence chirurgicale.

Elles comprennent le dosage de la bilirubine totale et conjuguée, une numération formule sanguine, un groupe sanguin et Rhésus, un test de Coombs direct et une albuminémie.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
L'ictère simple doit disparaître au quatrième ou cinquième jour, sinon il faut rechercher une autre cause. La complication majeure est l'ictère nucléaire qui correspond à la fixation de la bili­rubine sur les cellules cérébrales.

Il utilise essentiellement la photothérapie dont le rayonnement dégrade la bilirubine au niveau de la peau. L'exsanguino-transfusion est indiquée en cas de taux de bilirubine dangereux.

La prévention implique le repérage, avant la naissance ou rapidement après, des incompatibilités sanguines fœto-maternelles et des infections materno-fœtales.

Déficit de la mémoire d'apparition brutale, de durée limitée (en moyenne 6 heures), survenant en général chez des personnes de plus de 50 ans.
Il est caractérisé par une amnésie des faits récents et semi-récents, une amnésie antérograde majeure avec oubli au fur et à mesure, à l'origine de questions incessantes. Les fonctions intellectuelles sont conservées et l'examen neurologique est normal. La récupération est progressive, avec une perte du souvenir de ce qui s'est passé. L'épisode est généralement unique et le risque d'accident vasculaire cérébral n'est pas augmenté.

Perte de connaissance survenant au cours d'un accès de toux violent et prolongé. La cause est une augmentation de la pression intrathoracique gênant le retour veineux, ce qui entraîne une chute du débit cardiaque et de la pression artérielle. L'ictus laryngé survient de préférence chez des patients obèses, atteints d'une bronchopa­thie chronique.

Groupe de maladies de la famille des gangliosi­doses (>), caractérisées par une cécité et une absence de développement intellectuel.

Définition et causes.
Il s'agit d'un arrêt du transit dû au passage de calculs dans l'intestin par une fistule avec les voies biliaires (le plus souvent cholécystoduo­dénale), consécutive à l'accolement de la vésicule inflammatoire sur le tube digestif.

Cette complication de la lithiase biliaire touche souvent les personnes âgées.

Signes et symptômes.
Le tableau est celui d'une occlusion intestinale du grêle (>), avec des vomissements et des coliques.

La radiographie d'abdomen sans préparation montre des niveaux hydroaériques et une aérobilie (présence d'air dans la vésicule et dans la voie biliaire principale).

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
L'occlusion évolue par intermittence avec des périodes d'accalmie ou peut être permanente.

Le traitement de l'occlusion intestinale associe une réanimation et la chirurgie qui lève l'occlusion en évacuant le calcul. Elle est, si possible, complétée par une cholécystectomie et une suppression de la fistule.

La cholécystectomie à froid en cas de lithiase biliaire symptomatique permet de prévenir ce type de complication.

Définition et causes.
Arrêt temporaire du transit intestinal en réponse à une affection organique, inflammatoire ou métabolique. La cause la plus fréquente est une péritonite. Une ischémie mésentérique, une intervention chirurgicale abdominale, une affection rénale ou thoracique, un trouble métabolique (hypokaliémie) ou une intoxication peuvent également être en cause.

Signes et symptômes.
Il existe des douleurs, une distension abdominale, des vomissements et un arrêt des matières et des gaz.  A l'auscultation, l'abdomen est silencieux.

La radiographie d'abdomen sans préparation montre une dilatation gazeuse des segments isolés de l'intestin grêle et du côlon.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
 L'évolution est, en général, rapidement favorable sous traitement et élimination de la cause déclenchante.

Il associe un traitement médical (antalgiques, antispasmodiques, rééquilibration hydro-électrolytique et aspiration digestive) et la correction de la cause. Certains patients peuvent être soulagés par une décompression côlonoscopique.

Maladie héréditaire, de transmission autosomique récessive, caractérisée par une mauvaise absorption de la vitamine B12 au niveau de l'iléon. Elle se manifeste cliniquement par une anémie mégaloblastique (cellule précurseur du globule rouge de grande taille), qui débute vers l'âge de 2 ans. L'injection intramusculaire de vitamine B12 corrige l'anémie. La guérison est spontanée entre 20 et 30 ans.

Définition et causes.
Il s'agit d'une incompatibilité entre le sang maternel et le sang fœtal due au passage d'anticorps maternels à travers le placenta, qui détruisent   les globules rouges du fœtus. La forme la plus fréquente est liée au passage d'une petite quantité de sang, lors de l'accouchement, d'un fœtus Rhésus D positif vers la mère Rhésus D négatif, ce qui entraîne la formation par la mère d'anticorps anti-D qui poseront problème lors de la grossesse suivante. Des incompatibilités pour d'autres facteurs sont possibles et sont liées à des transfusions antérieures chez la mère.

Rare. La généralisation de la prévention depuis plus de vingt ans ainsi que la diminution du nombre de transfusions a fait baisser le nombre de cas.

Signes et symptômes.
L'atteinte fœtale grave se traduit, dans les formes sévères, par une abondance anormale du liquide amniotique (hydramnios), une ascite, un gros foie et un épanchement péricardique chez le fœtus. À la naissance, la destruction des globules rouges (hémolyse) se traduit par un ictère.

La présence d'agglutinines irrégulières et leur identification chez la femme enceinte affirment le diagnostic. La surveillance de la grossesse utilise l'échographie, le dosage de la bilirubine dans le liquide amniotique prélevé par amniocentèse (indice de Liley) et l'étude du sang fœtal prélevé par ponction du cordon.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
Le traitement a amélioré le pronostic, avec une survie de la quasi-totalité des enfants et une évolution à long terme strictement normale. Mais des formes graves aboutissent à des décès in utero répétés. L'ictère néonatal (>) peut avoir une évolution défavorable.

Pendant la grossesse, une transfusion in utero peut être indiquée. A la naissance, le traitement de l'ictère utilise principalement la photothérapie (transformation de la bilirubine non conjuguée au niveau de la peau en composés non toxiques) et, dans certains cas graves, l'exsanguino-transfusion (remplacement de tout le sang du fœtus).

Prévention et éducation.
La législation prévoit une surveillance particulière de toutes les femmes enceintes, notamment les femmes Rhésus négatif. L'injection systématique de gammaglobulines anti-D est indispensable chez toutes les femmes Rhésus négatif après l'accouchement d'un enfant Rhésus positif, une interruption de grossesse et, en cours de grossesse, lors de tout événement pouvant entraîner un passage de sang de la mère vers le fœtus (traumatisme abdominal, amniocentèse, métrorragies, cerclage...).



15.    IMPÉTIGO.
Définition et causes.
Infection de l'épiderme et du derme due à un streptocoque A  Î²-hémolytique ou à un staphylocoque doré qui est contagieuse et dont la transmission se fait par contact direct ou auto-inoculation par grattage.

C'est la plus fréquente des infections cutanées de l'enfant, qui est favorisée par une hygiène défectueuse.

Signes et symptômes.
La lésion élémentaire est une vésicobulle flasque sur une peau inflammatoire qui va se rompre et laisser place à une croûte jaunâtre. Plusieurs éléments d'âges différents coexistent, apparaissant de proche en proche. L'impétigo croûteux est péri-orificiel (autour de la bouche et du nez) chez l'enfant de moins de 10 ans. L'impétigo bulleux existe chez le nouveau-né et le nourrisson. L'impétiginisation est la surinfection d'une dermatose sous-jacente prurigineuse, en général chez l'adulte.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
 Les lésions régressent en quelques jours sous traitement, sans laisser de cicatrice. Les complications sont locales (abcès, pyodermite, lymphangite...) ou générales (septicémie). Une glomérulonéphrite due au streptocoque devra systématiquement recherchée (protéinurie à la bandelette).

Il consiste en une antibiothérapie par voie générale avec la pristinamycine  (ou pénicilline M ou macrolide), associée à un traitement local avec un antiseptique et une pommade antibiotique.

Prévention et éducation.
Les mesures d'hygiène comprennent l'éviction scolaire pendant quelques jours, le coupage des ongles, des douches pluriquotidiennes et des   vêtements amples.

Définition et causes.
Malformation fœtale due à une infection à cytomégalovirus (>) de la mère pendant la grossesse. Le risque pour l'enfant est maximum en début de grossesse. Près de 60 % des femmes sont séronégatives en début de grossesse (mais variation en fonction des condition  socio-économiques, taux plus faible dans les milieux défavorisés), donc risquent de contracter l'infection.

C'est la plus fréquente des infections transmissibles in utero (1500 enfants/an en France), mais seul un enfant sur deux infectés présentera des manifestations pathologiques, soit à la naissance, soit dans les premiers mois de vie.

Signes et symptômes.
L'infection chez la mère est le plus souvent asymptomatique ou peut se traduire par un syndrome grippal ressemblant à une mononucléose (>). L'atteinte in utero est suspectée sur un retard de croissance, une microcéphalie avec ou sans calcifications intracrâniennes. Dans 9 cas sur 10, l'enfant est asymptomatique à la naissance mais risque de développer une surdité à moyen terme. Dans les formes néonatales symptomatiques, les signes sont une hépatosplénomégalie, une anémie, un purpura thrombopénique, une pneumopathie interstitielle
L'infection chez la mère peut être mise en évidence par l'élévation du taux d'anticorps à la sérologie. Le diagnostic fœtal utilise la recherche du virus sur le liquide amniotique et d'anticorps dans le sang fœtal prélevé sur le cordon.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
La mortalité atteint 20 % des enfants ayant une atteinte sévère à la naissance. Chez les survivants, les séquelles sont constantes : retard psychomoteur, surdité, atteinte oculaire.

Le dépistage systématique par sérologie maternelle n'est pas la règle. En présence de signes échographiques et biologiques d'infection grave, une interruption thérapeutique de grossesse sera proposée

Définition et causes.
Perte du contrôle volontaire de l'évacuation des selles. Les principales causes sont des maladies digestives (Crohn, rectocolite hémorragique), une atteinte du sphincter (séquelles d'accouchement ou de chirurgie) et des troubles neurologiques (lésions de la moelle, atteinte des fonctions supérieures).

Ces troubles sont fréquents mais insuffisamment exposés par les patients qui en souffrent et pris en compte par les médecins qui les soignent.

Signes et symptômes.
Il faut préciser si l'incontinence est totale ou limitée aux selles liquides et aux gaz. L'examen apprécie la tonicité du sphincter.

Le bilan comporte un examen manométrique et un électromyogramme du sphincter anal.

Evolution, complications et pronostic.
Le traitement peut apporter des résultats satisfaisants mais, parfois, il faut se résoudre à une dérivation chirurgicale (colostomie).

Il consiste à établir un programme de rééducation et de régularisation de la défécation (apports suffisants de résidus et de liquides, gymnastique périnéale, biofeedback...). Le traitement chirurgical est difficile et s'adresse surtout aux incontinences d'origine traumatique.

Prévention et éducation.
Le respect du sphincter lors de certains gestes médicaux et chirurgicaux, ainsi que la prise en compte des risques au cours de l'accouchement, sont essentiels en terme de prévention.

Définition et causes.
Perte involontaire d'urine. Elle est due, chez la femme, à une faiblesse des muscles du plancher pelvien et survient surtout à l'effort (des fistules urogénitale sont également possibles). Chez l'homme, il s'agit le plus souvent d'affections prostatiques ou neurologiques.

On estime à 10 % le nombre de femmes jeunes affectées. La prévalence augmente avec l'âge pour devenir une des principales infirmités des personnes âgées des deux sexes.

Signes et symptômes.
La fuite d'urine peut être constante en cas de fistule urogénitale, liée à un effort ou à la toux ou s'effectuer par regorgement (vessie distendue du fait d'un obstacle, prostatique le plus souvent, avec écoulement d'urine lorsque la pression devient supérieure à la résistance du sphincter). Il existe souvent une dysurie (difficulté pour uriner
Anomalie héréditaire  de la cornée, de transmission autosomique dominante. Elle est caractérisée par un réseau de filaments situés dans la région centrale  de la cornée. Elle apparaît vers l’âge de 20 ans avec une baisse de la vison. Son évolution sera entrecoupée d’ulcérations récidivantes et douloureuses.

Maladie cutanée génétique dont les lésions faciales ressemblent à la rosacée, associées à des papules verruqueuses et à des cicatrices déprimées. Una antibiothérapie par des cyclines apporte une amélioration.

Inflammation de la bourse située entre la peau et le tendon d’Achille au dessus de son insertion et recouvrant la calcanéum. Ce trouble s’observe surtout chez les femmes jeunes. Il se manifeste par une douleur au niveau du talon (talalgie) ou l’n retrouve une petite zone inflammatoire, sensible, légèrement indurée. Le port d’une talonnette, les anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens et l’infiltration de corticoïdes apportent souvent un soulagement. En cas d’échec, une excision chirurgicale est nécessaire.


Maladie familiale osseuse rare, caractérisée par une destruction osseuse (ostéolyse), des phalanges distales des doigts et des orteils, qui gagne souvent les os du poignet, de la cheville et de l’avant bras. Elle s’accompagne de malformations des vertèbres (forme biconcave) et de malformations faciales.

6.    HALE  (SYNDROME).  
Acronyme d’hyperplasie angiolymphoïde avec éosinophilie. Il s’agit  de formations vasculaires pseudo-tumorales inflammatoires, multiples, localisées au niveau des oreilles, des tempes et de la face latérale du cou. Elles sont souvent douloureuses et, parfois, associées à une hyperéosinophilie. Le traitement est chirurgical.

Maladie génétique caractérisée par une perte de cheveux au niveau des sutures crâniennes, un faciès d’oiseau, des anomalies oculaires et dentaires, ainsi que parfois, un retard psychomoteur.

Maladie neurologique familiale rare, probablement de transmission autosomique récessive, caractérisée par une atteinte dégérérative de certaines zones du cerveau qui sont envahies par des pigments ferriques. Elle débute dans l’enfance par des troubles de la marche dus à une hypertonie musculaire. Il existe également des troubles de la parole et de la déglutition, des mouvements involontaires et une démence d’aggravation progressive. Le décès survient en général dix ans après le début de la maladie.

Maladie héréditaire de transmission autosomique récessive, qui se caractérise par la survenue en général chez l’enfant, d’une rétinite pigmentaire, laquelle aboutit, le plus souvent, à une cécité. Il existe également une surdité congénitale, une ataxie vestibulo-cérébelleuse et une arriération mentale. Il est parfois noté une cataracte avec un nystagmus. Ce syndrome ressemble au syndrome de Usher (>).


Définition et causes.
Déformation  de l’avant pied caractérisée par une déviation en dehors du gros orteil qui entraine la saillie interne  de l’articulation métatarsophalangienne. Les principaux facteurs favorisants sont des anomalies osseuses congéniales, un terrain héréditaire, le port de chaussures à talons hauts. 

Affection très fréquente touchant principalement la femme.  

Signes et symptômes.
Il existe des douleurs au niveau de la saillie (exostose) interne, qui se complique d’un ‘oignon’ (hygroma), parfois ulcéré.

Le bilan radiologique (cliché dorsoplantaire de face en charge, incidence de Guntz, profil interne en charge, cliché cerclé de Meary) confirme le diagnostic et évalue les déformations.

Evolution, Complication et Pronostic.
L’évolution se fait en général vers une aggravation très handicapante pour le port de chaussures de marche.

Le traitement est essentiellement chirurgical.  

Prévention et Education.
Le port de chaussures larges, sans talons et les soins  de pédicure sont recommandés pour ralentir l’évolution et maintenir un bon état cutané du pied.

Tumeur bénigne pulmonaire la plus fréquente constituée de tissu cartilagineux, musculaire et graisseux. La découverte et fortuite sur une radiographie de thorax (nodule unique). L’image est souvent typique au scanner et permet d’éviter une ponction biopsie. Elle peut être extraite par simple énucléation. 

Tumeurs cutanées caractérisées par une hyperplasie (développement exagéré) de l’épiderme.

Tumeur cutanée bénigne caractérisée par l’émergence de poils sur une zone cutane circonscrite, localisée en n’importe quel endroit du corps.

Définition et causes.
Tumeur cutanée bénigne, souvent congénitale, siégeant sur le cuir chevelu ou sur la face. Pendant l’enfance il s’agit d’une plaque alopécique (sans cheveux) ovalaire ou rosée, légèrement surélevée, de 2 à 5 cm de long dans le grand axe. A partir de la puberté, la surface devient souvent mamelonnée verruqueuse. A l’âge adulte, l’excision chirurgicale peut être indiquée en cas de modification de l’aspect, du fait du risque de transformation maligne.

Tumeur cutanée bénigne, réalisant une hyperplasie épidermique qui apparaît dans l’enfance. Les lésions unilatérales forment des plaques ou des bandes verruqueuses grises, souvent situées sur les membres. D’évolution indéfinie, elle récidive après une ablation chirurgicale, mais ne dégénère pas.

Définition et causes.
Maladie digestive infectieuse, due au germe clostridium pergringens qui secrète une toxine à l’origine de lésions nécrotiques intestinales, prédominant au niveau du jéjunum. Elle est due à l’ingestion de viande de porc mal cuite ou de conserves avariées.

Rare, De petites épidémies sont possibles. Quelques cas sporadiques sont observés en France.

Signes et symptômes.
Elle débute brutalement par des douleurs abdominales violentes associées à des vomissements et à un ballonnement abdominal, une fièvre et un état de choc.

L’examen direct et la culture du liquide interstitielle permettent le plus souvent d’isoler le germe. La toxine peut également être mise en évidence.

Evolution, Complication et Pronostic.
L’évolution est souvent mortelle.

Seule la résection chirurgicale des zones nécrosées permet la guérison. Elle est complétée par une antibiothérapie et l’administration d’un sérum antitoxine.

Prévention et Education.
La prévention nécessite le respect des règles  de contrôle sanitaire, la bonne cuisson de viande de porc et la destruction des conserves suspectes.

Forme de fibrose pulmonaire interstitielle (>) , de cause inconnue, caractérisée par une évolution aiguë et mortelle en quelques mois.

Forme particulière  de l’histiocytose X (maladie caractérisée par une prolifération des cellules de Langerhans) d’origine inconnue, qui commence le plus souvent dans la petite enfance mais peut apparaître chez les adultes. Les atteintes osseuses et pulmonaires prédominent, mais d’autres organes peuvent être atteints. Il peut également exister un diabète insipide (incapacité à concentrer les urines) et une exophtalmie. Les lésions osseuses peuvent être traitées chirurgicalement, les autres lésions nécessitent une corticothérapie ou des anticancéreux cytostatiques en cas d’échec.

Syndrome malformatif héréditaire, de transmission autosomique récessive, caractérisée par l’association d’anomalies des membres (absence en totalité ou en partie) et de la face ( petite bouche, anomalie de la langue, fente palatine…).

ou  (>) LEPRE.  


Définition et causes.
Maladie génétique de transmission autosomique récessive, due à une anomalie de l’absorption et de l’excrétion du trytophane ainsi que d’autres acides aminés.

Elle touche 1/24 000 naissances.

Signes et symptômes.
Association d’éruptions cutanées de type pellagre (>) au niveau des zones  découvertes, d’une ataxie cérébelleuse (débauche ébrieuse), d’un retard mental, d troubles du caractère et d’une petite taille.

On retrouve un taux très élevé d’acides aminés dans les urines.

Evolution, Complication et Pronostic.
Les rechutes sont provoquées par de la fièvre, l’exposition au soleil, le stress et les sulfamides. Le traitement prévient les poussées et le pronostic à long terme est bon.

Il consiste en un  régime riche en protéines et une supplémentation de vitamine PP.


Fore d’histiocytose (dysfonctionnement des cellules de défenses de l’organisme) qui se manifeste dès la naissance, par une éruption de nodules disséminés, fermes, indolores, de couleur bleu-noirâtre qui se couvrent de croutes et régressent en laissant des cicatrices atrophiques. L’évolution se fait vers une régression spontanée en deux à trois mois. 

Définition et causes.
Infection due au streptobacillus moniliformis inoculé par une morsure de rat. La période d’incubation est de 10 jours.

Elle touche les populations défavorisées et certaines professions exposées.

Signes et symptômes.
La plaie est généralement cicatrisée lorsque débute la maladie. Les principaux signes sont une fièvre aiguë récurrente, des frissons, des céphalées, des vomissements, des myalgies et des arthralgies. Au bout de deux à quatre jours débute une éruption cutanée avec une polyarthrite asymétrique.

La sérologie et la culture confirment le diagnostic.

Evolution, Complication et Pronostic.
Une endocardite, une pneumopathie et un méningo-encéphalite sont des complications possibles.

Antibiothérapie par pénicilline G par voie intraveineuse pendant 14 jours.

27.    HECK (MALADIE DE).  
Maladie cutanée due aux paipillomavirus humains également appelée hyperplasie épithéliale focale. Initialement décrite chez les amérindiens d’Amérique du Sud et Centrale, ainsi que chez le esquimaux d’Alaska, elle est maintenant observé dans de nombreux pays, mais reste rare dans la population blanche. Elle est caractérisée par  de multiples papules de la muqueuse buccale, de couleur rosée, de 1 à 5 mm de diamètre et d’évolution chronique asymptomatique icβ γ δ ε ζ es  ou (>)

Forme rare de sarcoïdose (>) associant une atteinte oculaire (iridocyclite bilatérale), un état subfébrile prolongé, une hypertrophie des glandes parotides et une atteinte nerveuse de type paralysie faciale périphérique.

Complication grave de l’éclampsie (>) qui associe une hémolyse (hemolysis), une élévation des enzymes hépatiques (elevated liver enzymes) et une thrombopénie (low platelets). Elle impose un accouchement imédiat. Le pronostic vital de la mère et du fœtus est engagé.


Définition et causes.
Tumeur bénigne du foie formée de cavités vasculaires mesurant de quelques  millimètres à quelques centimètres. Dans les deux tiers des cas, les tumeurs sont multiples. Il s’agit vraisemblablement   de malformations vasculaires congénitales. 

Il est présent dans 2 à 4 %  de la population, sans prédominance de sexe.

Signes et symptômes.

          Kemungkinan Blackberry OS 7 adalah QNX. Apa sih QNX?        

QNX adalah software company sejak 25 tahun lalu, dan mereka benar-benar tahu mengenai software. Seperti yang kita ketahui, RIM menggunakan Java programming language untuk menjalankan handset nya dan baru meng-akuisisi perusahaan QNX, yang di prediksi akan digunakan untuk menjalankan device-device Blackberry dalam waktu dekat.

Berikut beberapa yang menjalankan QNX:

With millions of installations worldwide, QNX Software Systems is the global leader in realtime, microkernel operating system technology. Companies like Cisco, Daimler-Chrysler, Lockheed Martin, Panasonic, Siemens, and General Electric rely on QNX technology to build ultra-reliable systems for the networking, automotive, medical, military, and industrial automation markets. Founded in 1980, QNX Software Systems maintains offices throughout North America, Europe, and Asia.

  • Cisco CRS-1
  • Hydroelectric plants to nuclear power facilities
  • 9-1-1 call systems delivery
  • Subway & railway traffic
  • Humanoid robots, map global weather changes, analyze the human genome, dan discover new planets.
  • Mail-sorting machines
  • Air traffic control systems at airports worldwide
  • VISA transaction control system
  • LASIK system

Tapi, apakah semua kecanggihannya dapat melawan kompetisi smartphone yang sangat dinamis dan cepat saat ini? Dimana apps developers sangat di butuhkan didalam industri ini.

Beberapa bloggers mengatakan bahwa, buat apa meng-akuisisi QNX dan memohon pada developers untuk membuat software berbasis QNX, kenapa tidak menggunakan Android?

Menurut fpers, apa QNX ini dapat membantu RIM dalam bersaing di industri smartphone atau malah sebaliknya?

Source: QNX News

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