Ð¥Ñ–Ñ‚! Дешеві квитки Qatar Airways до В’єтнаму: Київ — Ханой 11400₴, Хошимін 11400₴        
Алоха, пірати. Лише у одного квиткового агента є хітова ціна на рейси Qatar Airways: переліт Київ — Ханой 11400₴ туди-назад. Ми дійшли до оплати, тому цілком можливо, що ціна реальна. Якщо комусь вдастся купити, повідомьте, будь ласка, у коментарях. Напрямки Київ — Ханой 11400₴ Київ — Хошимін 11400₴ Дати Вересень-березень, дати треба підбирати. Візи та стикування Для відвідин В’єтнаму громадянам України потрібна ...
          Ð”ешеві квитки до Китаю: Гуанчжоу 12200₴, Шанхай 12600₴ з Qatar Airways        
Алоха, пірати. Ще трохи китайських напрямків від Qatar Airways: Гуанчжоу 12200₴, Шанхай 12600₴ за умови купівлі двох квитків. Вказана ціна для одного пассажира туди-назад. А про Пекін за 11200₴ і Гонконг за 13100₴ ми вже повідомляли. Напрямки Київ — Гуанчжоу 12200₴ Київ — Шанхай 12600₴ Дати Бронювати до 14 серпня, а подорож має стартувати  з 28 серпня по 30 вересня. Однак, варто ...
          Ð”ешеві авіаквитки Київ — Сеул 11600₴. У Південну Корею з Qatar Airways        
Алоха, пірати. Ще одна пропозиція від Qatar Airways: переліт Київ — Сеул 11600₴ туди-назад при бронюванні двох або більше квитків, вказана ціна для одного пассажира туди-назад. І, як ми вже повідомляли, вибір дат значно більший, ніж заявлений у акції, аж до грудня. Напрямки Київ — Сеул 11600₴ Дати Бронювати до 14 серпня, а подорож має стартувати  з 28 серпня по 30 вересня. ...
          Ð Ð¾Ð·Ð¿Ñ€Ð¾Ð´Ð°Ð¶ Qatar Airways: Китай 11200₴, Таїланд 12500₴, Гонконг 13100₴ та інш.. Дешеві квитки до Південно-Східної Азії        
Алоха, пірати. Найкраща авіакомпанія світу Qatar Airways влаштувала перший розпродаж для українців: при бронюванні двох або більше квитків можна отримати низькі ціни до Пекіну 11200₴, Пхукету 12500₴, Гонконгу 13100₴ тощо. Вказана ціна для одного пассажира туди-назад. А про Делі за 10600₴ ми вже повідомляли. Напрямки Київ — Пекін 11200₴ Київ — Пхукет 12500₴ Київ — Гонконг 13100₴ Дати Бронювати ...
          Ð¦Ñ–ни знизилися: авіаквитки Qatar Airwais в Індію: Київ — Делі 10600₴. Летимо п’ятизірковою авіакомпанією з України        
Алоха, пірати. Не встигли висохнути сльози за ірландцями, аж тут з’являється інший важковаговик: найкраща авіакомпанія світу Qatar Airways. До речі, перший п’ятизірковий перевізник, який почав літати до України. Вже доступні непогані ціни на осінь в Індію: Київ — Делі 11300 10600₴ туди-назад. Багаж до 30 кг і харчування безкоштовні. *ОНОВЛЕНО* Квитки трохи подешевшали: 10600₴ туди-назад. ...
          Event in Vienna Marking International Anti-corruption Day        
Marking International Anti-Corruption Day (9 December), the inaugural Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Anti-Corruption Excellence Award was presented in Vienna to recognize significant global efforts to combat corruption. At a ceremony attended by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, Amir of the State of Qatar; Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon; and Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), awards were presented in four categories: innovation, research, youth creativity and lifetime achievement. The Award was established by the Rule of Law and Anti-corruption Center (ROLACC) based in Doha, Qatar.

Secretry-General Ban (shown on screens) speaking during the award ceremony.
          Event in Vienna Marking International Anti-corruption Day        
Marking International Anti-Corruption Day (9 December), the inaugural Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Anti-Corruption Excellence Award was presented in Vienna to recognize significant global efforts to combat corruption. At a ceremony attended by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, Amir of the State of Qatar; Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon; and Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of UNODC, awards were presented in four categories: innovation, research, youth creativity and lifetime achievement. The Award was established by the Rule of Law and Anti-corruption Center (ROLACC) based in Doha, Qatar.

The the Amir of Qatar (centre) and Secretary-General Ban (centre right) with the award recipients during the ceremony.
          Event in Vienna Marking International Anti-corruption Day        
Marking International Anti-Corruption Day (9 December), the inaugural Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Anti-Corruption Excellence Award was presented in Vienna to recognize significant global efforts to combat corruption. At a ceremony attended by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, Amir of the State of Qatar; Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon; and Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of UNODC, awards were presented in four categories: innovation, research, youth creativity and lifetime achievement. The Award was established by the Rule of Law and Anti-corruption Center (ROLACC) based in Doha, Qatar.

The Secretary-General (centre left) and the Amir of Qatar (centre right) during the award ceremony. Also pictured: Mr. Ban’s wife, Yoo Soon-taek (second from left) and Mr. Fedotov (third from right).
          Event in Vienna Marking International Anti-corruption Day        
Marking International Anti-Corruption Day (9 December), the inaugural Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Anti-Corruption Excellence Award was presented in Vienna to recognize significant global efforts to combat corruption. At a ceremony attended by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, Amir of the State of Qatar; Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon; and Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of UNODC, awards were presented in four categories: innovation, research, youth creativity and lifetime achievement. The Award was established by the Rule of Law and Anti-corruption Center (ROLACC) based in Doha, Qatar.

The Secretry-General speaking during the award ceremony.
          Event in Vienna Marking International Anti-corruption Day        
Marking International Anti-Corruption Day (9 December), the inaugural Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani Anti-Corruption Excellence Award was presented in Vienna to recognize significant global efforts to combat corruption. At a ceremony attended by Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani, Amir of the State of Qatar; Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon; and Yury Fedotov, Executive Director of UNODC, awards were presented in four categories: innovation, research, youth creativity and lifetime achievement. The Award was established by the Rule of Law and Anti-corruption Center (ROLACC) based in Doha, Qatar.

The Secretary-General presenting one of the awards, as the Amir of Qatar looks on.
          Primer embarque de carne mexicana viaja a Medio Oriente        
El cargamento llegará a la ciudad de Qatar, para después ser distribuido entre Arabia Saudita, Bhréin, Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Kuwait, Omán y Yemen
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Waiting for Obama: The Arab World and Intervention         

This article originally appeared in Syria Deeply, and can be found here

On Aug. 2, 1990, a Saddam Hussein-led Iraq launched a bombing campaign and invasion of Kuwait. Part of the decision was the thought that the U.S., facing its own economic issues at home and a perceived passivity towards disputes in the Arab world, would not react with force. 

Almost five months later, Operation Desert Storm, led by a broad international coalition under the direction of then President George Bush (who had secured a resolution from the U.N. Security Council), began with aerial attacks and ended with the capitulation of Saddam’s forces after just five weeks.
Two things became clear: that the U.S. would take decisive action to enforce peace and security in the region when a “red line” was crossed; and secondly, that it would be methodical in building a strong coalition.
The countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) have been waiting for a similar moment from President Barack Obama on the Syrian conflict.  After months of endless prodding, with only a series of half-steps coming from the U.S., the Aug. 21 chemical weapons attack near Damascus (allegedly carried out by the Assad regime) finally seemed to have pushed Obama to take robust action on Syria.
But initial urgency by the U.S. to act has since subsided, or so it appears. With the passing of each day, Saudi Arabia and Qatar are left increasingly in the lurch, waiting for Obama, wondering if the U.S. has reversed its approach to the region that was heralded by the Gulf War over two decades ago.
In 1991, when military action was mobilized against Iraq, it was done so under the auspices of a U.N. resolution. And while the Arab world was divided on the intervention, the six GCC countries, along with Egypt and Syria, were part of the armed coalition that was formed. Twenty years later, the situation is markedly different as the Arab world contemplates involvement in military strikes against Syria.
Outside of Saudi Arabia and Qatar, enthusiasm to participate in a military coalition is weak at best. While Jordan will have to be involved due to its reliance on both Saudi Arabia and the U.S. for economic support, Syria’s other Arab neighbors, Lebanon and Iraq, have voiced staunch opposition to external intervention.
In an unambiguous statement, Egypt, under its new military leadership, also voiced its objections to “aggression in Syria.” Even the United Arab Emirates may not get involved without broad international legitimacy; unlike in Libya in 2011, this would constitute a military strike by Arab countries allied with the U.S. without any other legal or symbolic cover.
Obama’s initial enthusiasm for military action, juxtaposed with his subsequent hesitation, has furthered the Arab world’s reluctance to participate. Staunch Western allies like the United Kingdom have indicated a lack of desire to be involved, and it is still in doubt whether action would be approved by NATO or the U.N. In the current atmosphere, a broad coalition involving multiple regional actors is unlikely, especially from a military standpoint. Most of the “diplomacy” to build a coalition has so far been limited to public speeches by high-level U.S. officials, rather than effective diplomatic engagement in the region. It indicates to the Arab world that the U.S. is not serious about a response, and is itself perhaps buying time.
In Sunday’s Arab League meeting in Cairo, rhetoric was high. But it was clear that beyond Qatar and Saudi Arabia, the appetite for intervention had dissipated. Following two years of bluster, including countless meetings of the Friends of Syria, the moment for a decision finally came, and the U.S. blinked. The hawkish stance of the Arab League and even the GCC must, to Assad, have looked hollow. In the end, the statement by the Arab League called for “deterrent measures” by the U.N., without calling for military or unilateral action.
While we may yet see strikes on Syria or the symbolic contribution of military hardware (like fighter jets) by Saudi Arabia and Qatar, the process has already overshadowed whatever the result may be. In many ways, whatever happens now in response will be far too little and far too late. All the while, the conflict in Syria will continue without any end in sight.


          10 Questions on the Conflict in Syria        
A potential military strike by Western powers on Syria now appears to be a fait accompli and is being touted as long overdue. Given the spiralling humanitarian disaster that has overtaken the country during the last two years of conflict, continued inaction appears to be an untenable reality. The death toll is now well over 100,000 (although the proportion of civilians to combatants is unclear). There are 2 million refugees, half of whom are children, and over 4 million more internally displaced persons (IDPs), amounting to a quarter of the country's overall population. Yet, it was the apparent chemical weapons attack in the suburbs around Damascus known as Ghouta last week that has served as the impetus for international military intervention into the conflict. Amidst the rhetoric and war rehearsals, clarity on what is really happening seems to be cast aside in the media, in favor of faux-spontaneous leaks, retired generals, and trumpeters of past wars. Here are ten questions to try to set the record straight.


1. Were chemical weapons used in Syria?

When the initial attack unfolded last Wednesday, August 21 in the suburbs in Damascus known as Ghouta (near the town/suburb of Jobar), news quickly spread to local, regional and international media. Claims were made of hundreds of deaths, with some activists claiming the death toll was 1,300. Moreover, the Government of Syria immediately denied responsibility and has continued to do so. However, the attack did unfold amidst a series of army strikes on Jobar, which is a rebel-held area, and has been for quite some time. The Government conversely claimed to find chemical weapons supplies in tunnels in the same area, and it is alleged that some Hezbollah fighters were also exposed to chemical toxins.

A week on, it appears incontrovertible that chemical weapons were used, not just from YouTube videos but also from visits by independent journalists, and of course by a report by Médecins Sans Frontières that has documented at least 355 deaths from local hospitals. It is likely that the chemical agent used was a neurotoxin or nerve gas, most likely sarin gas. What is still not clear, is how they were delivered (i.e. in what form and carried on what type of weapon) and from where.

It should also be kept in mind that this was not the first attack that has been alleged. There have been numerous claims by rebels, and counter-claims by the government on the use of chemical weapons in the conflict. Here's a map of those events. In fact, this is precisely why the team of UN inspectors had arrived in the country, the day before this latest incident (and massacre) took place. In fact, what is interesting is that their investigation of other sites has now been put on the back-burner due to the latest developments.

2. Do we know who actually used the chemical weapons? 

The United States, United Kingdom, and France have all stated they are certain that the Government of Syria has undertaken the attack last week. On the U.S. side, at the forefront of the rhetoric has been Vice President Biden - who has said there is 'no doubt' - and Secretary of State John Kerry, who made an evocative plea for action several days ago. Of course, the next speech is the most important, and it would be one made by President Barack Obama. In light of this certainty, it would be difficult to question the attribution of blame. A leak from the US government also claims to have intercepted a murky call between commanders in the Syrian army that supposedly is evidence of culpability on the Syrian side.

There is tremendous reason to doubt U.S. claims. Firstly, it should not be forgotten that then Secretary of State Colin Powell presented ironclad evidence to the United Nations Security Council of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) that Saddam Hussein possessed, a finding that was later proven to be utterly false, but which was the basis of a war that continues until today. Secondly, the U.S. claimed that there was incontrovertible proof that the Government of Syria was responsible for earlier chemical attacks this year, but that finding has been contested, and some experts apportioned blame to the rebels fighting the government. And finally, in this case, no evidence has been presented, as of yet to make such a determination, at least not conclusively.

Does that mean the Assad and his regime are not responsible? No. It is very likely given the ongoing military operations in the same area that the Syrian government launched such an attack. Yet, more evidence needs to be presented to make a definitive conclusion. The other scenarios that could be possible are:

- Extremists groups like Jubhat al-Nusra, who have previously seized advanced weaponry and possibly chemical weapons from Syrian army bases and positions, were attempting to use them on Syrian soldiers (or conversely to cast blame on the Syrian army);

- The Government of Syria inadvertently hit a stockpile of sarin gas releasing the toxins (although unclear if this would lead to the effects that we've seen); or

- Rogue elements within the chain of command used chemical weapons intentionally or inadvertently.

Russia, Iran and China have of course cast doubt on western claims but that is to be expected.

3. What would be the basis or justification for US intervention?

The U.S. intervention would likely be on the basis of Obama's previously stated red line on Syria, which would be the mass use/movement of chemical weapons. It is not in fact about humanitarian intervention and the Responsibility to Protect framework, developed in the 1990s to prevent genocide and mass civilian deaths. If it was, then the humanitarian case for intervention has been present for some time, and other massacres by the Syrian regime, such as in Houla in 2012, would have provided sufficient pretext. Obviously, the U.S. and other Western powers, and regional countries, have their own interests at play that are much more geopolitical in nature, but the justification or casus belli being offered is around the issue of chemical weapons, and chemical weapons alone.

4. Will anybody else be involved in the military strikes besides the US and will this affect whether they are 'legal'?

Given Russian and Chinese opposition, and a likely veto of any resolution by the United Nations Security Council supporting such a military strike on Syria - especially in light of the intervention in Libya, which Russia regretted supporting - a 'coalition of the willing' will need to be developed. This coalition would be broader than the Iraq War in 2003, and would be similar to the coalition carrying out the strikes against Serb positions vis-a-vis Kosovo in 1999. While the U.S., U.K. and France will likely lead an effort, Turkey would also be critical as a staging ground (as it borders Syria from the North), and thus there will be an attempt to launch such an attack under the auspices of NATO. Despite its reluctance, Jordan, given its reliance on the U.S. and Saudi Arabia politically and economically, will have no choice but to support . The two other neighbours of Syria, Iraq and Lebanon are squarely against any military strike. And of course, the other neighbor - Israel - would sit this one out but would provide intelligence to the U.S. and other parties on Syrian positions, given that it has already undertaken a number of air strikes on Syria in the past two years.

Further afield, it is likely the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) will support military intervention, with Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates possibly sending fighter jets to participate in a strike to give it regional cover and credibility. Finally, while many groups within the Arab and Muslim world, and the 'left' of the West, will oppose military intervention, many others will support it, because of the spiralling humanitarian situation in Syria.

Technically speaking if the military intervention is not sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council, and there is no imminent threat that the U.S. and other parties can point to towards its own territory or its assets, it would be illegal under international law. However, that has not stopped NATO or other countries (i.e. Russia in Georgia) form undertaking military action in the past. And before the Iraq War, some scholars claimed that while such an attack would be illegal it would be legitimate, and demonstrated retroactively to be legal. Given the state of world affairs, 'legality' is likely not a determining factor for a strike on Syria.

5. Are we seeing a repeat of Iraq in 2003? 

No. The situation today with Syria is different than it was in 2003 in Iraq, for many reasons, despite some passing similarities. In Iraq, the U.S. claimed that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction while in Syria, we already know Bashar al-Assad possesses chemical weapons, and the question is whether he used them (small aside, it was released this week that thirty years ago, the U.S. obstructed a UN investigation when it knew Saddam Hussein had used chemical weapons). In Iraq, the U.S. alleged that Saddam Hussein had links with Al Qaeda (and related groups), while in Syria, Bashar al Assad is widely acknowledged to be fighting Al Qaeda (and related groups) in addition to the 'Free Syrian Army' (and in addition to crushing peaceful demonstrators). In Iraq, there was no active state of conflict that was leading to a spiralling humanitarian catastrophe (and the potential use of WMDs), while in Syria there is not just a violent conflict, but also WMDs have been used by somebody (even if the culprit is not yet clear).

What should be noted, however, is that both Iraq in 2003 and Syria in 2013, are in complex environments, and any removal of government or sustained military intervention would have dramatic unforeseen consequences. It seems like the media debate in the U.S. is also similarly anaemic (but slightly better) this time around.

6. What is the real motivation for the United States and other powers?

As with all things in this world when it comes to international relations, the primary interest is not humanitarian but geopolitical. This is not absolute, however, and it could be argued that Turkey has been insisting on humanitarian intervention from an early stage. However, the regimes (not peoples) in the Gulf, most notably Saudi Arabia, are exclusively concerned with dislodging Syria from the Iranian orbit, and severing connections between Syria and Hezbollah. Humanitarian concerns are a by-product. And for the United States, something similar is at play. As noted above, if this was about humanitarian concerns, action would have been taken long before 100,000 deaths had occurred.

For the U.S. it has been looking for regime change in Syria for a while. However, these strikes if they occur, will be about sending a message and asserting America's position in the Middle East, given the red line that Obama drew. Ultimately, it may tip the scales in the rebels favour or improve the U.S.'s negotiating position vis-a-vis Iran. The chemical weapons attack in a morbid way, opened a door of opportunity for Western powers (with GCC support) to do something limited without a full-scale intervention.

7. Will military intervention solve the Syrian conflict?

No. Military intervention no matter how small or how big will not solve the Syrian conflict. In fact, it could very much exacerbate the situation on the ground even further (if that can be imagined). What is being reported currently is that the U.S. and allies will undertake a series of 'surgical strikes', a euphemism for a large-scale assault on key military and strategic installations, such as army positions, air bases, radar installations, communications infrastructure, supply routes, and, where appropriate, power stations (among other targets). More than anything this will be intended to send a message to the regime and weaken its capabilities. Yet, it would not be a fatal blow. And it would not necessarily tip the scales in favor of the rebels. It may in fact mobilize certain parties to support the regime, if there are civilian casualties from the intervention.

The solution to the Syrian situation has to be political, if it is going to lead to stability or peace. Yet, if the military intervention escalated and led to the removal of the Syrian regime, that would still not be the end of the conflict. After the Soviets were booted out of Afghanistan, the country devolved into a civil war for five years until the rise of the Taliban in 1996. Somalia has only recently stabilised (somewhat), more than 20 years after the assassination of its leader, President Siad Barre. And neighboring Lebanon, took 15 years of conflict (1975-1990) to reach an end, which was brought about by ironically Syrian military intervention (which committed its own crimes), that produced a - audible gasp - political settlement.

8. What could potentially go wrong?

Everything. The potential for disaster following military intervention in any country is great (see Black Hawk Down, Iraq, Afghanistan and the list goes on). Yet, in Syria it could be apocalyptic. Here is a list of what that could entail:

- Chemical weapons are used by Syria against its neighbors such as Jordan and Turkey, or U.S. military positions in those countries;
- U.S. planes/helicopters are shot down leading to an escalation of U.S. involvement requiring boots on the ground;
- Syria sends a volley of missiles into Tel Aviv and other places in Israel, leading to a regional war;
- Proxy forces of Iran, Hamas and Hezbollah, launch a sustained campaign against Israel/U.S. interests, including attacks embassies within Lebanon/Palestine/Israel but also in other countries, in the short and medium-term;
- Al Qaeda forces in the region, while opposing the Assad regime, oppose U.S. intervention especially if there are masses of civilian casualties, and use it as a pretext for attacks in places such as Yemen;
- Russia objects to the U.S. strike, and mobilizes warships to the Mediterranean, leading to a standoff with Europe and the U.S.;
- Negotiations with Iran, still in embryonic stages are suspended irrevocably;
- Six party talks with North Korea are suspended by Russia, China, and North Korea irrevocably;
- The Syrian regime goes all out in its conflict and begins to bomb with even more abandon civilian areas controlled by rebels, leading to thousands of casualties, and counter-massacres by enraged rebel fighters;
- The Syrian regime is removed by force from power by the intervention, leading to a power vacuum sinking the country further into civil war for over a decade of even more violent strife and a possible Al Qaeda style government;
- Tensions rise in the Middle East, especially in places of sectarian division (i.e. Lebanon, Yemen, Bahrain, Eastern Province in Saudi Arabia, and Iraq) leading to civil strife and attacks on governments, and counter-attacks on populations; and
- World War 3.

9. What could potentially go right?

It may seem that what is written above is slightly alarmist and that's true. Many things can go wrong (most of which, to be honest, are hard to predict as they will be unforeseen consequences or as Donald Rumsfeld, ironically calls them, unknown unknowns). However, the U.S.-led strikes could be quite effective. Firstly, if they are limited in scope, they can be completed in one day, reducing the risk for a military entanglement and civilian casualties. Secondly, if they are from the air, there is limited risk for casualties on the side of the intervening forces. Thirdly, an attack that is forceful and hits Syrian military positions, will send a message to Assad that there is a limit to what he can do, which thus far has not been the case, and may entice him to reach a political settlement. Fourthly, it is unlikely that the Syrian regime would retaliate, for a short strike on positions, against Israel, knowing that they cannot afford to fight a war on so many fronts (and thus far they have yet to retaliate to any Israel air strike). Finally, the systematic destruction of Assad's air capabilities could be instrumental in limiting civilian casualties by the regime in the future.

All of this is one possibility of what could occur.

10. Let's cut to the chase - should I support or not support military intervention?

There is no clearcut answer. Ultimately, military intervention should not be supported as a solution to the Syrian conflict. It is not, and whether we like it or not, a political solution/settlement is the only way the current situation moves towards peace and stability. The U.S. is negotiating with the Taliban. The Vietnamese negotiated with the U.S. The Lebanese negotiated with each other. The Dayton Accords to end the Bosnian War were signed with Slobodan Milosevic. It may not be easy, it may be unlikely, and it will not work perfectly, but political discussions involving all parties is the only way to find a real solution.

That being said, if a case is made with overwhelming evidence by independent parties (not U.S. conjecture) that chemical weapons were used by the Syrian regime, then military intervention on a limited scale, and for a period of 1-2 days only, should be undertaken, ideally with UN support - and if not with broad support of half of the members, i.e. 90, of the UN General Assembly to demonstrate legitimacy - against military targets only, which will both send a message about the use of these weapons and damage the capabilities of Assad.

What is clear is that whatever happens, there are no clear answers with regards to the conflict in Syria.

          The (Counter?)Revolution in #Egypt will be Televised (and Tweeted)        
Around midnight in Cairo the night of Tuesday, July 2, millions of people in Egypt awaited the President of the Republic, Mohammad Morsi, to respond to the 48-hour ultimatum delivered by the country's military on Monday: resolve your differences with the protestors or we will do it for you. With the deadline fast approaching, and due to hit at 4:30pm local time the next day, Morsi rejected the challenge by the military in a tweet. Then, he came on television and delivered what was the most important speech in not just his life but in the history of the Muslim Brotherhood movement he represents. And it was a spectacular failure. While not as long-winded as the two-and-a-half hour speech he had given just days earlier - akin to a State of the Union - it was just as hollow. His near constant use of the word 'legitimacy' began to elicit uncontrollable laugher in many corners (with the usage count of the word at around 75 in the speech). With millions of Egyptians on the streets across the country - some in support of him but many if not most in opposition - and the military's ultimatum in the background, Morsi had seemingly put the final nail in his own coffin.

Just 30 months after the ousting of the dictator for the past 30 years, Hosni Mubarak, street protests in Egypt culminated on Wednesday night in a coup d'etat, effectively overturning the 14 democratic elections since February 11, 2011 (the total voting cycles for the parliament, presidency and constitution). Indeed, it was broader than a coup d'etat, as the Tamarod (rebellion) movement that brought millions of people to the streets was a grassroots uprising that gathered millions of signatures from ordinary Egyptians, and more significantly, managed to coalesce a previously disparate and dispirited opposition. Additionally, deposed President Mohammad Morsi had governed incompetently and non-inclusively, which seemingly left the invitation open to change. Yet, what transpired this week, especially in the final sequence of events, could be the initial salvo of a counter-revolution 2.0, potentially endangering the process of democratization in Egypt for years to come.

While things seemingly have not changed that much in Egypt, and in many ways have gotten worse, a lot has transpired. Following the departure of Mubarak and his gang from the scene, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF) took charge of managing the country's affairs. It took nearly a year to hold parliamentary elections. When it did happen, in late 2011-early 2012 the Brotherhood's party (the Freedom & Justice Party or FJP) took 38% of the vote, followed closely by the more conservative Salafist party, Al Nour, which took 28%. Given that this body would determine the fate of the new constitution (and the assembly to draft it), the fact that it was dominated by 'Islamists' already meant the new era of Egypt was handed a poisoned chalice in the eyes of many. Six months later, in June 2012, the Presidential elections saw a run-off between a former Prime Minister but tainted 'remnant' of the old Mubarak regime, Ahmed Shafiq, and Mohammed Morsi (representing the Muslim Brotherhood). Morsi won, and with the backing of protests in the famed Tahrir Square, also managed to wrest plenty of executive authority from SCAF. Within two months, Morsi also seemed to assert civilian control over the military, with a shuffling of key positions in the defense establishment.

Then on November 22, 2012, with full executive powers, and the parliament in limbo (due to pending court cases), Morsi assumed essentially legislative powers and declared himself immune from judicial oversight until a new constitution was formed. In essence that gave birth to the current movement (well at least the National Salvation Front that formed 2 days later and was a hodge-podge of opposition groups, including figures such as Mohamed El Baradei) which culminated in Morsi's removal from office this week. Morsi and the FJP then ham-fisted a constitution through a referendum, which garnered the support of 64% of the voting public. However, the process was not led by consensus and Morsi appeared to be increasingly marginalizing the judiciary, which many viewed as being too linked to the old regime, especially given that many senior judges were appointed by Hosni Mubarak (the judges had their own democracy movement in 2006 so not a unified group by any means). Yet for many in the opposition, the judiciary was still a check against Morsi and the Brotherhood's power. And there were also complaints about the ikhwanization of the state; given what transpired this week, this appeared not to have been the case.

Nevertheless, the concentration of power by the Brotherhood and its non-inclusive method of governance as described above, could have overcome minor challenges from the opposition, if Morsi had enacted policies that improved the lives of everyday people. His approval rating had begun to drop dramatically, falling to 28% of the public just weeks before his overthrow. This was mainly due to the inability of the government to turnaround the economy, with 25% of Egyptians below the poverty line, unemployment on the rise, and the country's fiscal health on the decline. Meanwhile, his approach to foreign policy of aligning with the US, engaging with Iran, partnering with Qatar, and leading the charge on Syria, did little to assuage a frustrated public waiting for change at home in their daily lives that had yet to materialize. And sectarian clashes that mainly killed Shiites and Christians tarnished the impartial role the President was assumed to play, given that he was close to figures that were prone to incitement.

In the backdrop of all of this, the Tamarod movement, which started just several months ago (in April), began to tap into the widespread anger and frustration. Gone was the gloss of a technocratic 'Islamist' party - a la the AKP in Turkey, who incidentally are having their own issues - replaced instead by the reality of the FJP in Egypt. And gone also was the mystique of a survivalist Brotherhood that was the David against the Goliath of the last half century; the Brotherhood was now the Goliath, and seemingly squandering the power that it had accumulated. The Tamarod activists claimed to have gathered 22 million signatures, in a country of 93 million people, which seems patently ridiculous for many demographic/logistical reasons (in the course of just two months). Nevertheless, their demands were clear, and principally centered on early Presidential elections (Morsi had served one of a four-year term). They were supported by umbrella opposition groups such as the National Salvation Front, April 6 Movement, and others, and with their deadline of June 30 for Morsi to respond coming fast, thousands and then millions began to fill Egypt's squares (some as noted in support of Morsi).

By Wednesday, just prior to the removal of Morsi from power, several implications of what was transpiring were already clear. Firstly, the Tamarod movement, and subsequent mobilization demonstrated that there could be an organized opposition to Islamists in the 'new' Arab world, and that this secular alternative could mobilize numbers. This could have far-reaching consequences in other countries such as Tunisia, where Islamists like the Nahda Party hold sway, as well as eventually (in the longer-term) in autocratic countries where often the only strong opposition movements are bogeyman Islamists movements. Secondly, Morsi's reign had as noted above, dulled - as power does to any party - the shine of the Brotherhood. It has been noted, for example that the clashes that led to the separation of the West Bank & Gaza Strip, and undermined the Hamas victory in Palestinian elections, only emboldened Hamas instead of forcing the movement into the pubic accountability spotlight.

Of course, in the euphoria of what the opposition was about to gain, the darkness just around the corner might have seemed far away. With millions on the street, and the military indicating a willingness to force itself on the scene as the arbitrator, Morsi offered a new constitutional process, a unity government of technocrats, and an accelerated schedule of new parliamentary elections but it was too little too late it seemed for the street, especially with the military now backing the activists' play. And so instead of a negotiated agreement with President Morsi, or a legal process through the courts, or any other process through civilian authorities, it was the military that removed Morsi from power. The crowds in Tahrir Square cheered but the supporters of the deposed President, in Nasr City (also in Cairo), jeered. In a carefully choreographed display, the civil secular state - with an associated roadmap essentially a reset of the revolutionary period - was re-established by three initial speeches: first by General Abdul Fatah al-Sisi, head of the armed forces (appointed by Morsi), second by the Grand Sheikh of Al Azhar, and third by the Coptic Pope. Short statements followed from a range of opposition figures, including a representative of Tamarod and El Baradei and the conservative Nour Party.

If you are an opponent of the Muslim Brotherhood, this was indeed a victory. And given the direction that Egypt was going, if you are an Egyptian, you can only hope that this could lead to a more positive future. Whatever the case, however, the military re-takeover appears to also be a re-launch of the counter-revolution. The autocratic powers that be in the region were effusive and immediate in their praise of the military and the coup. More worryingly, was the systematic campaign of arrests that already started to unfold late into the night of Muslim Brotherhood activists, leaders, affiliated journalists, and yes even Mohammad Morsi. The military is looking not just to referee the playing field but to define the playing field and the players allowed on it. That's not democracy. It may be that in the modern Arab world the demographics are such that the debate is about choosing between liberalism and democracy, but isn't that the false choice of the last 40-50 years offered by autocratic rulers in the Arab world? And there is nothing 'rosy' about liberal autocracy versus religious autocracy in this region. In fact, if anything, liberal/secular authoritarianism has been the bane of decay in modern Arab history: the Baath parties in Iraq and Syria, Ben Ali's Tunis, Mubarak's Egypt, and the list goes on.

Yet, unless the Egyptian military is kept in check, it will likely go down the path it knows best and one that it has followed since 1952, which is to systematically crush dissent and marginalise and exclude the Muslim Brotherhood. All indications today point to a proclivity to re-instate this exclusion, which could lead to an Algeria scenario of the 1990s, albeit in a different form, of course. Paradoxically, as this new Pandora's Box is opened, the only hope to keep the military in check is the very street and youth who demanded its removal from the scene, and then demanded it to come back to its role as guarantor of the state. Hopefully the tamarod or rebellion, will keep that spirit, now that they have been given a share of the power.





          Another Coup for the Outgoing Emir of Qatar        
In July 2010, the (now outgoing) Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, traveled to South Lebanon to bask in the gratitude for his country's largesse in supporting reconstruction following the Israeli bombardment just four years earlier. The $300 million (and beyond) committed by the Gulf state was very much appreciated by the Shiite armed movement Hezbollah, who ensured billboards in the South and on Airport Road in Beirut were decorated with notes of thanks to the Emir. It was a conspicuous visit because Qatar had stood out amongst the GCC in taking a strong if not controversial stand. Hand-in-hand with Hezbollah, the Emir, was not apparently one of the "half-men" that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad pointed to in the Gulf during the 2006 Hezbollah-Israel war. In fact, the Emir and Assad were quite close, if not close friends, and were frequently in touch.

In 2013, Qatar finds itself at the forefront on a number of regional issues, most notably the conflict in Syria, which had pitted the Emir in direct opposition to his old friend Bashar Al Assad. In fact, on the sectarian front, hosting firebrand spiritual figure, Yusuf al-Qaradawi who recently called for a Sunni-led jihad, and allying almost openly with Muslim Brotherhood movements in the region (which brought criticism from people as far afield as Egyptian satirist Bassem Youssef), has increasingly prompted the question: Has the politically adept Qatar lost its touch?

Once again, however, the Emir of Qatar (who I'll refer to by his initials HBK) shocked the region with another unprecedented move - this time the transfer of power to his 33-year old son Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani (the 'new Emir'). In doing so, HBK put Qatar back on the political front-foot and raised the pressure on regional allies. And in typical style, he added another deft touch in his address to the nation with a quote (and the only quote outside from scripture) from Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Caliph in Islam and the first Imam of the Shi'a Muslims: 'Teach your children other than that what you were taught; as they are created for a time other than yours."

It was nearly 18 years to the day, on June 27, 1995 [although official Qatari sites list his 'start-date' as June 26] that the outgoing Emir, HBK, came to power in a bloodless coup with the aid of his current outgoing Prime Minister, Sheikh Hamid bin Jassim al-Thani (HBJ) and other figures. He dislodged his father, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad, at the time, under largely benign circumstances but also as Qatar was starting to truly increase its economic base. When HBK took the reigns, the country was bit-player on the regional scene, with a GDP of $8bn. Today, the country is a regional powerhouse, punching far above its weight with a GDP in upwards of $170bn. The transformation, after HBK's rise, began in a number of areas:
  • In 1995 (August), the Emir alongside his wife, Sheikha Moza bint Nasser, launched what has become one of the largest foundations, Qatar Foundation, dedicated to 'knowledge' and social development in the country and wider region;
  • In 1996, the State of Qatar launched Al Jazeera, initially only in Arabic, which shocked the region by becoming literally the only widespread outlet of independent voices (from the 'regimes') in the region; 
  • And in 1997, Qatar Airways was relaunched and became a symbolic flagship for the country, although it is not clear whether the carrier will ever truly be profitable.
Economically, with growing revenues from natural gas over the last decade and a half, the departing Prime Minister, HBJ, effectively became the CEO of the country. In addition, to governing national investments through the Qatar Investment Authority, the sovereign wealth fund, HBJ also built up constituent vehicles like Qatari Diar, which looked to deploy billions of dollars in capital throughout the region, including in places that would traditionally be 'off-the-grid' like Libya, Syria and the Palestinian Territories.

Yet, while the transformation of Qatar happened on several levels - and Sheikha Moza led a number of key initiatives that have separately built up the profile of the country - the Prime Minister & Emir particularly forged a formidable political duo, implementing a plan for political leadership which led to alternating reactions of admiration and consternation in the region. HBK & HBJ became in recent years, the guiding and influencing force on a number of key regional files. It was a strategy of multi-faceted engagement and relevance, often replete with paradoxes, that even until now has confounded observers and analysts, who were always late to the party in understanding and engaging with Qatar.

For example, while condemning Al Jazeera Arabic for links to Al Qaeda, the U.S. government in September 2002 began moving its Central Command (CENTCOM) Headquarters in part to Doha. Qatar maintained an Israeli trade office since the late 1990s (closing intermittently during the Intifada and in 2009 during the Gaza War), while also building up relations with Hamas throughout the 2000s. The country maintained strong links within the GCC, and also with Sunni allies such as leader of the Future Party Saad Hariri, but in 2008 it was their ties with Hezbollah that allowed them to forge the Doha Agreement, averting what could have been a dark period of civil strife in Lebanon. There was no end to the political engagement: peace talks on Darfur, engagement with the Taliban, mediation between Chad and Sudan, and the list goes on.

On the political level, while the period prior to the Arab awakening was characterized by engaging with a wide variety of stakeholders, in early 2011, it seemed that Qatar was starting to play a much more partisan role. Previous allies such as Syria's Assad, and Libya's Gaddhafi fell by the wayside very quickly, with Qatar in fact leading efforts in the fight to topple both dictators. And in other 'revolutionary' environments such as Egypt and Tunisia, where the ruling parties are Islamist, Qatar has become the political football for its perceived support for Islamist movements. Critics ask why figures like Qaradawi (mentioned above) are based in Qatar? Why was the state mosque in Doha named after the founder of Wahhabism, the particularly conservative brand of Islam, in 2011? And why has a station like Al Jazeera portrayed only one side of the story, often with an 'Islamic' bent, the last two years especially?

Yet, the criticism has only grown commensurate with the prominence of Qatar in the region. On one hand, the policies of Qatar were simply part of its strategy of engagement in the region, to demonstrate leadership but also fundamentally relevance - important for a small country that previously lived in the shadow of Saudi Arabia and Iran. The Arab uprisings and subsequent rise of Islamist movements in the region was a tremendous opportunity for Qatar to provide indispensable leadership. Yet, leadership and unique prominence, has consequences, and it is likely that the inflection point of a transfer of power, provides a moment for reflection, especially as the region comes to terms with its new (and oft-changing) dynamics. What was immensely popular in late 2011 no longer is definitively so. For example, in Egypt, President Morsi's approval rating has notably dropped from 70% to 40%.

Thus, the transfer of power to a new ruler, in Sheikh Tamim, means that Qatar can assess its strategic position and alignment. Perhaps, the country could benefit from a broader engagement given rising divisions in the region, and once again capture the role of lead mediator? Domestically, Sheikh Tamim will play close attention to catalyzing the role of his generation in the country's leadership. After all, Qatar had yet to enact the legislative or Shura Council that HBK promised when he rose to power, and enshrined in the Constitution ratified 9 years ago. The first step will be the announcement of a new cabinet that will replace what is increasingly seen as a gentrified political elite with new or younger faces. It is also expected that there may be a rise in salaries of Qataris employed in the public sector, at a smaller scale, however, to a similar announcement in 2011. Most important, however, will be a new dialogue and series of consultations that the new Emir will have with Qatari citizens, whose expectations have risen with new-found wealth and prosperity. In particular, with 70% of Qataris under the age of 30, engaging youth will be a priority. Do they feel included in the governance of the country and its institutions? Are there sufficient opportunities for employment and growth? And do public services meet their expectations?

As Sheikh Tamim assesses the domestic situation, he does have a strong ally in his mother, Sheikha Moza, and the institutions she leads that address youth, health and education. And he will rely on  experienced hands like Sheikh Abdullah al-Thani to evaluate macro-projects like the Qatar World Cup preparations and the development of the national railways. Yet, both on the national and international fronts, the new Emir is not without experience or preparation. While observers were caught off-guard, it is thought HBK had planned for this day far ahead of time. The ascension of the Crown Prince to the leadership, began in earnest over the past two years. In fact, when significant announcements like the salary increase from 2011 were made, it was from Sheikh Tamim's office. He was also front and center, for example, when the move was made to shift Hamas headquarters out of Syria. And the then Crown Prince had been taking an increasing "foreign affairs role" amidst the Arab uprisings.

While the policies that Qatar will follow will likely be unchanged in the short-term, we will have to wait and see what path the new Emir forges in the long-term. Yet, his father has assured that he enters on the political front-foot. Even in his departure, the outgoing Emir left as he came in - with a coup. Upending traditions in the region, he ensured that he would leave the scene at the ripe (for the GCC) age of 61, leaving power to his son who is only 33. This is next to countries such as Saudi Arabia, where the King is 91 (if not older) and where power has never been transferred to the 'next generation', passed instead from brother-to-brother among the descendents of King Abdelaziz (since his death in 1953). Or take Bahrain, where the Prime Minister, Khalifa bin Salman, has helmed the government for over four decades without interruption.

Certainly, the move by HBK has not ushered in a democracy in Qatar; it is still an authoritarian state. And the ascension of Sheikh Tamim does not automatically assuage any of the concerns (real or perceived) ranging from migrant rights to nepotism to regional interference. Nevertheless, in its own way, Qatar has provided the region with a new revolutionary moment. Now we wait to see how the day-after, always the hard part, plays out.


          Andrew Samonsky, Hannah Elless and Bryce Pinkham to Star in BENNY & JOON Musical at The Old Globe; Cast, Creatives Set!        

The Old Globe today announced the complete cast and creative team for the first show of its 2017-2018 Season, the world premiere musical Benny & Joon, with book by Kirsten Guenther, music by Nolan Gasser, and lyrics by Mindi Dickstein. Based on the beloved 1993 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer motion picture written by Barry Berman and Leslie McNeil, Benny & Joon is directed by Jack Cummings III, Artistic Director of New York's Transport Group.

It will run September 7 - October 22, 2017, on the Donald and Darlene Shiley Stage in the Old Globe Theatre, part of the Conrad Prebys Theatre Center. Previews run September 7 - 14, with opening night on Friday, September 15 at 8:00 p.m. Tickets start at $36 and go on sale to the general public on Friday, August 18 at 12:00 noon.

Benny & Joon is a delightful world premiere musical based on the beloved offbeat '90s romantic comedy movie. As Joon's sole caretaker, auto mechanic Benny makes sure his eccentric sister lives a comfortable, safe, and predictable life. But when Sam shows up, his off-kilter take on the world-full of classic films, Buster Keaton, and an oddball approach to domestic life-turns everything upside down. With unforgettable characters and a beguiling and tuneful score, Benny & Joon explores what happens when we step out of our comfort zones and take a leap toward love.

The cast features Andrew Samonsky (Broadway's South Pacific, Scandalous) as Benny, Hannah Elless (Bright Star at the Globe and on Broadway) as Joon, and Bryce Pinkham (Tony Award nominee for Broadway's A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder) as Sam, along with Colin Hanlon (Broadway's Falsettos, In Transit) as Mike, January LaVoy (Enron on Broadway, Coraline Off Broadway) as Ruthie, Paolo Montalban (Globe's Allegiance, ABC's Cinderella with Brandy) as Larry, Natalie Toro (Broadway's A Tale of Two Cities, Les Misérables) as Dr. Cruz and Mrs. Smail, and Jason SweetTooth Williams (Disney's Freaky Friday at La Jolla Playhouse) as Waldo and Video Store Owner. Completing the cast as Understudies are San Diego local Katie Whalley Banville (Globe's A Doll's House, Playhouse's Freaky Friday and Escape to Margaritaville) and Jake Millgard (Globe/USD Shiley M.F.A. graduate, Globe's Guys and Dolls).

The creative team includes Scott Rink (Choreographer), Dane Laffrey (Scenic and Costume Design), R. Lee Kennedy (Lighting Design), Kai Harada (Sound Design), Michael Starobin (Orchestrations), J. Oconer Navarro (Music Director), Howie Cherpakov, CSA (Casting), Anjee Nero (Production Stage Manager), and Amanda Salmons (Stage Manager).

"I'm truly excited to open the Globe's 2017-2018 Season with this special new musical," said Erna Finci Viterbi Artistic Director Barry Edelstein. "A world premiere based on the delightfully offbeat 1993 MGM film, Benny & Joon centers on something rare in the musical theatre: the bond between siblings. The love between the brother and sister of the title is deep, moving, and real, and it gives this musical a gentleness and sweetness that I find completely captivating. Creators Kirsten Guenther, Nolan Gasser, and Mindi Dickstein have brought to the Globe a memorable and unique show, and my friend Jack Cummings III-who has carved out a unique space in the American theatre with the very human, people-driven stories he tells-brings Benny & Joon a beautiful spontaneity and freshness. The show's score-rich, complex, melodic, and fun-won me over instantly when I first heard it, and I am happy to share this bright new work with San Diego audiences."

Additional events taking place during the run of Benny & Joon include:

VICKI AND CARL ZEIGER INSIGHTS SEMINAR: Tuesday, September 12 at 5:30 p.m.

An opportunity to closely connect with productions both onstage and backstage. A panel selected from the artistic company of each show (playwrights, actors, directors, designers, and/or technicians) engages patrons in an informal and illuminating presentation of ideas and insights to enhance the theatregoing experience. Reception at 5:00 p.m. FREE.

SUBJECT MATTERS: Saturday, September 16 following the 2:00 p.m. matinee.

Explore the ideas and issues raised by a production through brief, illuminating post-show discussions with local experts, such as scientists, artists, historians, and scholars. Subject Matters will ignite discussion, bring the play's concerns into sharp focus, and encourage you to think beyond the stage! FREE.

POST-SHOW FORUMS: Tuesday, September 19, Tuesday, September 26, and Wednesday, October 4.

Join us after the show for an informal and enlightening question-and-answer session with cast, crew, and/or Globe staff members. Get the inside story on creating a character and putting together a professional production. FREE.

Single tickets to Benny & Joon start at $36 and go on sale to the general public on Friday, August 18 at 12:00 noon. Tickets can be purchased online at www.TheOldGlobe.org, by phone at (619) 23-GLOBE [234-5623], or by visiting the Box Office at 1363 Old Globe Way in Balboa Park. Discounts are available for full-time students, patrons 29 years of age and under, seniors, military members, and groups of 10 or more.

Performances begin on September 7 and continue through October 22, 2017. Performance times: Previews: Thursday, September 7 at 8:00 p.m.; Friday, September 8 at 8:00 p.m.; Saturday, September 9 at 8:00 p.m.; Sunday, September 10 at 7:00 p.m.; Tuesday, September 12 at 7:00 p.m.; Wednesday, September 13 at 7:00 p.m.; and Thursday, September 14 at 8:00 p.m. Opening night is Friday, September 15 at 8:00 p.m. Regular performances (September 16 - October 22):Tuesday and Wednesday evenings at 7:00 p.m.; Thursday and Friday evenings at 8:00 p.m., Saturdays at 2:00 p.m. and 8:00 p.m., and Sundays at 2:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m. There will be no performances on Saturday, September 23 at 2:00 p.m. or 8:00 p.m. and no matinee performance on Saturday, October 14 at 2:00 p.m. There will be an additional matinee performance on Wednesday, October 11 at 2:00 p.m.

ABOUT THE ARTISTS:

Kirsten Guenther (Book) previously lived in Paris, where she worked as a Paris correspondent for USATODAY.com and penned the popular weekly column "The Sexy Expat," about an American journalist trying to navigate and date the French. Her current theatre commissions include The Years Between (T. Fellowship) and the new musical Measure of Success (The Rockefeller Foundation Grant). Ms. Guenther wrote the book and lyrics for Little Miss Fix-It (as seen on NBC) and the book for Mrs. Sharp (Richard Rodgers Award for the Playwrights Horizons workshop starring Jane Krakowski, directed by Michael Greif). She penned the books to Out of My Head (licensed by Steele Spring Stage Rights) and The Cable Car Nymphomaniac (Bay Area Theatre Award nomination). Ms. Guenther is the recipient of a Johnny Mercer Writers Fellowship, Dramatists Guild Fellowship, and a Lincoln Center Honorarium. She has penned sketches for personalities such as James Franco, Jared Leto, Christopher Walken, Michael Douglas, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Steve Buscemi, Kathie Lee and Hoda, and others. She holds a B.F.A. in Acting from USC and an M.F.A. from the Graduate Musical Theatre Writing Program at New York University.

Nolan Gasser (Music) is a critically acclaimed composer, pianist, and musicologist. He is most notably the architect of Pandora Radio's Music Genome Project and the company's chief musicologist from its founding in 1999. He holds a Ph.D. in Musicology from Stanford University. His original compositions have been performed in such prestigious venues as Carnegie Hall, David Geffen Hall at Lincoln Center, The Kennedy Center, Salle Pleyel in Paris, and the Rose Bowl in Pasadena, among many others. His theatrical projects beyond Benny & Joon include the opera The Secret Garden, commissioned by San Francisco Opera (2013); the oratorio Repast: An Oratorio on the Life of Booker Wright (2015); and the musical Start Me Up, in development. Dr. Gasser's forthcoming book, Why You Like It: The Science and Culture of Musical Taste, will be released in 2018 (Flatiron Books - Macmillan Publishers). He is also the subject of a documentary for the ESPN FiveThirtyEight series The Collectors entitled "Breaking Music Down to Its Genes" (2015). The film highlights his forthcoming work with Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center to pilot an algorithm to provide personalized musical therapy for cancer patients. Dr. Gasser's TEDx Talk, "Empowering Your Musical Taste," is available on YouTube.

Mindi Dickstein (Lyrics) is a lyricist, librettist, and playwright. She wrote the lyrics for the Broadway musical Little Women (licensed by Music Theatre International, original cast album released by Sh-K-Boom & Ghostlight Records). Her work on Benny & Joon, showcased in the 2016 National Alliance for Musical Theatre Festival, was developed in part at Running Deer Musical Theatre Lab, TheatreWorks Silicon Valley, Johnny Mercer Writers Colony at Goodspeed Musicals, and Transport Group. Her current projects include Snow in August (based on the Pete Hamill novel), which had a developmental reading at Second Stage in June; and Alight Arise Return, developed at Rhinebeck Writers Retreat and Lark Play Development Center. Her other musicals include Disney's Toy Story: The Musical, for which she wrote the book; and Trip (Playwrights Horizons Steinberg Charitable Trust Commission), Notes Across a Small Pond (Bridewell Theatre), and Beasts and Saints (Boston Music Theatre Project, ASCAP Foundation Workshop), for which she wrote book and lyrics. Her short play Starving to Death in Midtown was produced worldwide as part of the 2015 Climate Change Theatre Action. Her songs have been performed widely, including at Lincoln Center's Hear and Now: Contemporary Lyricists. Ms. Dickstein's honors include a Jonathan Larson Award, a Massachusetts Cultural Council Artist Fellowship, and two New York Foundation for the Arts Playwriting Fellowships. She received her M.F.A. from and is currently on the faculty of New York University's Graduate Musical Theatre Writing Program.

Jack Cummings III (Director) is Co-Founder and Artistic Director of Transport Group, where he most recently directed William Inge's Picnic and Come Back, Little Sheba in rotating repertory. His favorite Transport Group credits include Queen of the Mist by Michael John LaChiusa (world premiere); See Rock City & Other Destinations by Brad Alexander and Adam Mathias (New York premiere); The Audience (conceiver, world premiere); cul-de-sac by John Cariani (world premiere); Normal by Yvonne Adrian, Tom Kochan, and Cheryl Stern (world premiere); Marcy in the Galaxy by Nancy Shayne (world premiere); and Three Days to See (author/conceiver, world premiere); as well as revivals of I Remember Mama; Hello Again; First Lady Suite; Once Upon a Mattress; Almost, Maine; The Dark at the Top of the Stairs; The Boys in the Band; All the Way Home; and Our Town. His other New York credits include the world premiere of Terrence McNally's And Away We Go (The Pearl Theatre Company), 1,000 Words Come to Mind by Michele Lowe and Scott Richards (Inner Voices Theatre, world premiere), and Arlington by Polly Pen and Victor Lodato (Inner Voices Theatre, world premiere). His regional credits include I Remember Mama (Two River Theater), A Streetcar Named Desire (Gretna Theatre), Violet and The Young Man from Atlanta (Barksdale Theatre), and The Illusion (Nevada Theatre Company). He received his B.A. in International Relations from William and Mary and his M.F.A. in Directing from University of Virginia. He is married to actress Barbara Walsh.

Katie Whalley Banville (Understudy) returns to The Old Globe, where she previously worked on A Doll's House. Her recent credits include Disney'sFreaky Friday and the world premiere of Escape to Margaritaville (La Jolla Playhouse). She is a Resident Artist at Cygnet Theatre Company, with credits including Dainty June in Gypsy, April in Company, Parade, Cabaret, My Fair Lady, and Man of La Mancha. Her other regional credits include Louise inGypsy (Craig Noel Award) and Clara in Passion (ion theatre company), Jenny Hill in Big Fish and Gingy in Shrek The Musical (Moonlight Stage Productions), and Andi Lee in 42nd Street (San Diego Musical Theatre). Her choreography credits include Gutenberg! The Musical! (Backyard Renaissance Theatre Company) and A Christmas Carol (Cygnet).

Hannah Elless (Joon) returns to The Old Globe, where she originated the role of Margo Crawford in Steve Martin and Edie Brickell's Broadway musicalBright Star. Ms. Elless made her Broadway debut singing "Bless the Lord" in the revival of Stephen Schwartz's Godspell, followed by a very "Neil" turn in the Drama Desk Award-nominated The Other Josh Cohen under the direction of Tony Award winner Ted Sperling. She was most recently seen Off Broadway in Transport Group's Obie Award-winning productions of Picnic, as Millie Owens, and Come Back, Little Sheba, as Marie Buckholder. She can be found this fall on HBO's new television drama "The Deuce." Ms. Elless's film credits include Before Winter, The Lake Effect, and The Over/Under, as well as the upcoming When Mary Met Ally.

Colin Hanlon (Mike) was in the Falsettos revival, In Transit, and Rent on Broadway. He also played Fiyero in the first national tour of Wicked. He was Adam in The New York premiere of Dot by Colman Domingo, directed by Susan Stroman (Vineyard Theatre). Mr. Hanlon was in the original casts of I Love You Because and Edges. He played Pete in the world premiere of The 12 by Robert Schenkkan and Neil Berg (Denver Center for the Performing Arts Theatre Company) and Luke in the regional premiere of Next Fall at The Repertory Theatre of St. Louis. Mr. Hanlon's television credits include Steven on the Emmy Award-winning "Modern Family" on ABC, "Difficult People" on Hulu, and "The Sinner" on USA Network. He also starred in and produced "Submissions Only."

January LaVoy (Ruthie) is makes her Old Globe debut in Benny & Joon. She has appeared on Broadway in Enron and Off Broadway in Measure for Measure (Theatre for a New Audience), Wings (Second Stage Theatre), Coraline (MCC Theater), and Two Trains Running, Home, Funnyhouse of a Negro,and the world premiere of Will Eno's Wakey, Wakey (Signature Theatre Company). Her regional credits include Mattie Campbell in Joe Turner's Come and Gone (Mark Taper Forum), Kate in Good People (Pittsburgh Public Theater), Isabella in Measure for Measure (The Shakespeare Theatre of New Jersey), Stella in A Streetcar Named Desire, Dawn in Lobby Hero, and Portia in The Merchant of Venice (Denver Center Theatre Company), and the world premiere of Native Guard (ALLIANCE THEATRE). Her television credits include "Blue Bloods," "3 lbs.," "Law & Order" (original, "Criminal Intent," and "Special Victims Unit"), and Noelle Ortiz on "One Life to Live". Her voiceover work includes many national commercial campaigns and over 150 audiobooks. Ms. LaVoy has been honored as Audiobook Narrator of the Year by Publishers Weekly and has received multiple Audie Awards.

Jake Millgard (Understudy) was last seen in the Globe's productions of Guys and Dolls, Measure for Measure (Globe for All), Love's Labor's Lost,Macbeth, The Comedy of Errors, and Arms and the Man. He received his M.F.A. from The Old Globe and University of San Diego Shiley Graduate Theatre Program and appeared in their productions of As You Like It, The Seagull, Clybourne Park, and Pericles, Prince of Tyre. His New York credits include Sex and Violence, On Campus, and Remembering Kimberly. His regional credits include Dracula and A Christmas Carol (Actors Theatre of Louisville), The Full Monty (Northern Stage), and Art, The Odd Couple, and Lips Together, Teeth Apart (Mount Baker Theatre's Summer Repertory Theatre). He also appeared in the premiere of The Open Road Anthology (Humana Festival of New American Plays). Some of his television and film credits include "Grimm," Pudding Face, Placebo, and Frank and Barry.

Paolo Montalban (Larry) was last seen at the Globe as Mike Masaoka in the world premiere of Allegiance. He is best known for portraying The Prince opposite Brandy in Rodgers and Hammerstein's Cinderella (ABC), as well as the series lead Kung Lao in "Mortal Kombat: Conquest" (TNT), which was based on the popular video game. He has appeared on Broadway in Breakfast at Tiffany's starring Emilia Clarke; as Manjiro in Pacific Overtures(Roundabout Theatre Company); and in The King and I. He was most recently seen Off Broadway as Tommie Haw, a stripping Chinese American cowboy, in Bella: An American Tall Tale (Playwrights Horizons). His other New York credits include Eglamour in Two Gentlemen of Verona (Shakespeare in the Park) and Claro in The Romance of Magno Rubio (Ma-Yi Theater Company). His regional work includes Arthur in The Unsinkable Molly Brown (The Muny, Denver Center for the Performing Arts Theatre Company), the world premiere of Bella (Dallas Theater Center), The King in The King and I (Lyric Opera of Chicago), Carl Magnus in A Little Night Music (American Conservatory Theater), The Emperor in The Orphan of Zhao (La Jolla Playhouse, American Conservatory Theater), and Clopin in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (Ogunquit Playhouse). Mr. Montalban has played recurring and guest-starring roles on "Madam Secretary," "The Blacklist," "Nurse Jackie," and "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit." His film credits include Just Wright, American Adobo, andThe Great Raid.

Bryce Pinkham (Sam) is making his Old Globe debut. His Broadway credits include A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder, The Heidi Chronicles,Holiday Inn, Ghost, and Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson. His favorite television appearances are on PBS's "Mercy Street" and Baz Luhrmann's "The Get Down." He is a frequent collaborator with Outside the Wire, a theatre company that brings social-impact performances to American military audiences around the world. His most recent tours include Kuwait, Qatar, Japan, and Guantanamo Bay. He is a proud Leonore Annenberg Fellow and an enthusiastic graduate of Boston College and Yale School of Drama. Along with Globe M.F.A. alumnus Lucas Caleb Rooney, he co-founded a charity that uses theatrical storytelling to empower at-risk youth in Madagascar and the United States.

Andrew Samonsky (Benny) has appeared on Broadway as Neville Landless in The Mystery of Edwin Drood, Kenneth Ormiston in Scandalous, and Lt. Cable in the Tony Award-winning revival of South Pacific, with which he was also seen in the "Live from Lincoln Center" PBS broadcast. Most recently he played Robert Kincaid in the first national tour of The Bridges of Madison County. He originated the role of Captain Phoebus in the American premiere ofThe Hunchback of Notre Dame (Paper Mill Playhouse, La Jolla Playhouse). Mr. Samonsky was nominated for a Drama Desk Award for his portrayal of Frank Russell in the Off Broadway production of Michael John LaChiusa's Queen of the Mist, and he appeared in the City Center Encores! productions ofFiorello! and Merrily We Roll Along. He has originated the roles of Richard in Somewhere in Time (Portland Center Stage), Beauchamp in Tales of the City(American Conservatory Theater), Joshua in Little Miss Sunshine (La Jolla Playhouse), and Nick in Disney's On the Record (first national tour). He is a soloist with symphonies across the country, including the New York Philharmonic and Boston Pops. His television and film credits include "Elementary," "Guiding Light," The Ceiling Fan, and The Secret Song.

Natalie Toro (Dr. Cruz, Mrs. Smail) originated the role of Madame Defarge in A Tale of Two Cities on Broadway and won Sarasota Magazine's Best Featured Actress Award in its pre-Broadway run. She was the first American to play the role of Eponine in Les Misérables, and she was nominated for a Joseph Jefferson Award for her portrayal of Eva Peron in the 20th anniversary tour of Evita. She originated the role of Sally in Alan Menken's A Christmas Carol and also played Mary Magdalene in Jesus Christ Superstar, Grizabella in Cats, and Camila in In the Heights. She has originated roles Off Broadway including La Bruja in The Yellow Brick Road and Ginger in Zombie Prom. Her regional work includes The Bikinis, Zorba, Mrs. Johnstone in Blood Brothers,Frances of Guernica, Everything's Ducky, and The Fix produced by Cameron Macintosh. Ms. Toro is currently a headliner with her one-woman show on major cruise lines around the world. Her CD Natalie Toro includes a duet with Sutton Foster, and her holiday CD Just in Time for Christmas features duets with Ryan Kelly from Celtic Thunder and Grammy Award winner Jon Secada. Ms. Toro's television credits include "Law & Order," "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit," "Elementary," "Person of Interest," and "Black Box." She has also performed with numerous symphony orchestras and at Carnegie Hall and the National Concert Hall in Dublin, Ireland.

Jason SweetTooth Williams (Waldo, Video Store Owner) is making his Old Globe debut with Benny & Joon. He has spent the last year in the new Disney musical Freaky Friday, enjoying runs at La Jolla Playhouse, Cleveland Play House, Alley Theatre, and Signature Theatre Company, where it received its world premiere. He was also recently seen Off Broadway opposite Jackie Hoffman as Prince Dauntless in Transport Group's production of Once Upon a Mattress directed by Jack Cummings III. Mr. Williams is a longtime collaborator of award-winning writer Joe Iconis, having appeared in Iconis's Bloodsong of Love (Ars Nova), The Black Suits (Summer Play Festival/The Public Theater), ReWrite (Urban Stages), and Things to Ruin (album available on Sh-K-Boom & Ghostlight Records). His other favorite theatre credits include Crossing Brooklyn (Transport Group), The Trouble with Doug (TheatreWorks Silicon Valley), and The Disappearing Man (Musical Theatre Factory). As a writer, Mr. Williams co-wrote the '70s Blaxploitation-inspired action musical Broadway BounTy Hunter, which had its world premiere last summer starring Annie Golden at Barrington Stage Company.

Scott Rink (Choreographer) choreographed the Off Broadway productions of Once Upon a Mattress, Three Days to See, Queen of the Mist, Hello Again, Being Audrey, Crossing Brooklyn, Songs for a New World, and Normal. Mr. Rink's regional credits include Carnaval de Fuego (Six Flags Elitch Gardens),Alice in Wonderland (Birmingham Children's Theatre), Disney's Mulan (Imagination Stage), and Seussical (Wagner College). His commissioned works include dances for Ailey II, ABT II, Oakland Ballet Company, Minnesota Dance Theatre, Repertory Dance Theatre, The Ailey School, Harvard University, University of North Carolina School of the Arts, and University of Minnesota, among others. Mr. Rink has created a number of works for his company danceRINK in New York City and abroad. As a dancer, Mr. Rink performed in the companies of Eliot Feld, Elisa Monte, Karole Armitage, and Lar Lubovitch.

Dane Laffrey (Scenic and Costume Design) previously designed sets for The Old Globe's production of The Few. His Broadway credits include set and costumes for Deaf West's Spring Awakening, set for Fool for Love, and sets for this season's revival of Once on This Island at Circle in the Square Theatre. His recent Off Broadway credits include sets and/or costumes for Rancho Viejo, Indian Summer, The Christians, and Iowa (Playwrights Horizons),Sell/Buy/Date (Manhattan Theatre Club), Homos, or Everyone in America (LAByrinth Theater Company), Picnic and Come Back, Little Sheba (Transport Group), The Harvest (Lincoln Center Theater), The Glory of the World (Brooklyn Academy Of Music's Harvey Theater), Cloud Nine (Atlantic Theater Company), and other work at Roundabout Theatre Company, Second Stage Theatre, Vineyard Theatre, Lincoln Center Theater, MCC Theater, Soho Rep., Rattlestick Playwrights Theater, Transport Group, and many others. Mr. Laffrey's regional work includes the Humana Festival, Mark Taper Forum, Shakespeare Theatre Company, Williamstown Theatre Festival, Huntington Theatre Company, Wallis Annenberg Center for the Performing Arts, Denver Center for the Performing Arts Theatre Company, Cincinnati Playhouse in the Park, Goodspeed Musicals, Woolly Mammoth Theatre Company, Baltimore Center Stage, Studio Theatre, Dallas Theater Center, New York Stage and Film, and others. He has also designed internationally in Tokyo, Oslo, Osaka, and throughout Australia. Mr. Laffrey won a 2017 Obie Award for Sustained Excellence of Set and Costume Design, and he has been nominated for a Drama Desk Award and four Henry Hewes Design Awards, along with numerous regional accolades.

R. Lee Kennedy (Lighting Design) is the resident lighting designer for New York City-based Transport Group, and he has designed their Off Broadway productions of Inge in Rep: Picnic and Come Back, Little Sheba; Once Upon a Mattress; Three Days to See; I Remember Mama (Henry Hewes Design Award nomination); Almost, Maine; Queen of the Mist (Hewes nomination); Hello Again; See Rock City (Drama Desk Award nomination); Bury the Dead(Drama Desk nomination); Marcy in the Galaxy; The Dark at the Top of the Stairs; Normal; The Audience (Drama Desk nomination); First Lady Suite;Requiem for William; Our Town; and the world premiere play And Away We Go by Terrence McNally, produced by The Pearl Theatre Company. His regional credits include The Light in the Piazza (Barrymore Award) and The Outgoing Tide (Barrymore nomination) (Philadelphia Theatre Company), Cake Off (Signature Theatre Company), and I Remember Mama (Two River Theater), as well as Illinois Shakespeare Festival's 2006, 2008, 2009, and 2011 seasons. Mr. Kennedy has designed national tours of The Secret Garden (Joseph Jefferson Award Citation), Once on This Island, Five Guys Named Moe, and A Grand Night for Singing.

Kai Harada (Sound Design) designed the Broadway productions of Amélie, Sunday in the Park with George, Allegiance, Gigi, Fun Home, On the Town,First Date, Follies (Tony and Drama Desk Award nominations), and Million Dollar Quartet. His other credits include Poster Boy (Williamstown Theatre Festival), Beaches (Drury Lane Theatre), Brooklynite (Vineyard Theatre), Little Dancer and First You Dream: The Music of Kander & Ebb (The Kennedy Center), Zorro (Moscow, Atlanta), Hinterm Horizont (Berlin), Sweeney Todd and The Pirates of Penzance (Portland Opera), and She Loves Me (Oregon Shakespeare Festival). He was also the audio consultant for the Broadway revival of Hedwig and the Angry Inch.

Michael Starobin (Orchestrations) previously orchestrated In Your Arms at The Old Globe. His credits include Sunday in the Park with George, Mrs. Miller Does Her Thing, Freaky Friday, Kid Victory, Falsettos, First Daughter Suite, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, If/Then, Annie, Dogfight, Leap of Faith, Queen of the Mist, The People in the Picture, Sondheim on Sondheim, Next to Normal (Tony Award), The Glorious Ones, Dr. Seuss's How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, Adrift in Macao, Bernarda Alba, The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee, Assassins (Tony Award), The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, A New Brain, A Christmas Carol, Hello Again, Guys and Dolls (1992), My Favorite Year, In Trousers, Once on This Island, Closer Than Ever, Legs Diamond, Romance/Romance, Carrie, Birds of Paradise, Rags, Three Guys Naked, and Von Richthofen. His film credits include The Hunchback of Notre Dame, A Goofy Movie, Life with Mikey, Home on the Range, Tangled, Lucky Stiff, and Beauty and the Beast (2017).

J. Oconer Navarro (Music Director) previously served as music director of The Old Globe's Rain. He recently penned new arrangements for Disney's Beauty and the Beast, currently playing at Oregon Shakespeare Festival. His select New York credits include Adding Machine, Curtains, First Daughter Suite, The House of Blue Leaves, Iowa, Mary Poppins, We the People, and seven seasons with Lincoln Center Theater. His regional credits include Barrington Stage Company, Hangar Theatre, The Kennedy Center, New York Stage and Film, three national tours for Theatreworks USA, and Two River Theater. He is part of the founding faculty of New Studio on Broadway at New York University's Tisch School of the Arts, as well as the Musical Theatre Conservatory at the Stella Adler Studio of Acting, and he is music supervisor at Camp Broadway. He is also a composer, lyricist, and writer whose works have been seen Off Broadway. In addition, he is the resident composer for The Church of Saint Paul the Apostle in New York and is a recipient of an American Theatre Wing Jonathan Larson Grant.

Howie Cherpakov, CSA (Casting) returns to The Old Globe after casting their productions of October Sky and Bright Star (Artios Award nomination). His Broadway and national tour credits include Bright Star, Next Fall (Artios nomination), The Seafarer, Coram Boy, Chicago, Annie Get Your Gun, Dirty Dancing, and South Pacific. Off Broadway and regionally he has cast productions for Lincoln Center Theater, Women's Project Theater, New York Stage and Film/Powerhouse Theater (Artios nomination for The Power of Duff), Atlantic Theater Company, Naked Angels (Artios Award for Fault Lines), Pasadena Playhouse, Irish Arts Center, Soho Theatre in London, American Theater Group, and New York Musical Festival, among many others.

Anjee Nero (Production Stage Manager) has previously worked on the Globe productions of King Richard II; Picasso at the Lapin Agile; October Sky; Kiss Me, Kate; The Twenty-seventh Man; Bright Star; Dog and Pony; The Winter's Tale; Be a Good Little Widow; Allegiance; A Room with a View; Richard O'Brien's The Rocky Horror Show; The Savannah Disputation; Kingdom; and the 2007 Shakespeare Festival. Ms. Nero also worked on the Broadway production of Bright Star and will soon be launching the show's tour. Her selected La Jolla Playhouse credits include Sideways directed by Des McAnuff,Ruined directed by Liesl Tommy, A Midsummer Night's Dream directed by Christopher Ashley, and Herringbone directed by Roger Rees and starring BD Wong. Ms. Nero has worked with several prominent regional theatres including The Kennedy Center, Hartford Stage, Center Theatre Group, Siti Company, Huntington Theatre Company, and Berkeley Repertory Theatre, to name a few. Her other selected credits include Schick Machine (Paul Dresher Ensemble), which toured both nationally and internationally, and Garden of Forbidden Loves and Garden of Deadly Sound (IMAGOmoves), which performed at the International Hungarian Theatre Festival in Cluj, Romania.

Amanda Salmons (Stage Manager) has previously worked at The Old Globe on King Richard II; The Blameless; Dr. Seuss's How the Grinch Stole Christmas!; October Sky; Macbeth; Rain; The Metromaniacs; Kiss Me, Kate; The White Snake; The Two Gentlemen of Verona; Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike; The Last Goodbye; Globe for All (2014, 2015); the Summer Shakespeare Festival (2011-2013); Somewhere; Lost in Yonkers; I Do! I Do!; and The Price. Her other credits include Blueprints to Freedom: An Ode to Bayard Rustin (La Jolla Playhouse), Kiss Me, Kate (Hartford Stage), The Foreigner, miXtape, See How They Run, The Music Man, and The Rivalry (Lamb's Players Theatre), The Gondoliers, The Pirates of Penzance, Candide, and Trial by Jury (Lyric Opera San Diego), and SummerFest (La Jolla Music Society). She received her B.A. in Theatre from UC San Diego.

The Tony Award-winning Old Globe is one of the country's leading professional regional theatres and has stood as San Diego's flagship arts institution for over 80 years. Under the leadership of Erna Finci Viterbi Artistic Director Barry Edelstein, The Old Globe produces a year-round season of 15 productions of classic, contemporary, and new works on its three Balboa Park stages: the Donald and Darlene Shiley Stage in the 600-seat Old Globe Theatre and the 250-seat Sheryl and Harvey White Theatre, both part of The Old Globe's Conrad Prebys Theatre Center, and the 605-seat outdooR Lowell Davies Festival Theatre, home of its internationally renowned Shakespeare Festival. More than 250,000 people attend Globe productions annually and participate in the theatre's artistic and arts engagement programs. Numerous world premieres such as the 2014 Tony Award winner for Best Musical, A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder, Bright Star, Allegiance, The Full Monty, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, and the annual holiday musical Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! have been developed at The Old Globe and have gone on to enjoy highly successful runs on Broadway and at regional theatres across the country.


          White House Downplays Trump Tweets On Gulf Feud         
Updated at 5:20 p.m. ET Spokespeople at the White House and the State Department say the Trump administration remains committed to cooperation among Arab allies in the Middle East. The reassurance comes after a series of tweets in which President Trump appeared to be siding with Saudi Arabia and other Gulf states in their push to isolate Qatar. The Saudis, Egypt and several neighboring countries abruptly severed diplomatic ties to Qatar on Monday, while also cutting off transportation links to the country. Qatar is regional headquarters for U.S. Central Command and home to some 10,000 American troops. "The United States continues to be in close communication with all the parties to resolve the issues and restore cooperation, which is so important to regional security," said White House spokesman Sean Spicer on Tuesday. "The U.S. still wants to see this issue de-escalated and resolved immediately, in keeping with the principles that the president laid out in terms of defeating terror
          Shalat dan Kesehatan        
Shalat dan Kesehatan
makalah pendidikan
Oleh :
Beberapa seminar di Timur Tengah yang membahas kaitan antara shalat dan kesehatan berkesimpulan bahwa, ternyata rutinitas shalat yang baik tidak hanya bernilai ibadah dan ruhani –menggugurkan kewajiban, lalu mendapat pahala, menenangkan jiwa dan menghilangkan stress, tapi juga berdampak sangat positif bagi kesehatan dan kebugaran tubuh. Di antara faedahnya:
-         shalat bisa mencegah serangan jantung
-         menghindarkan pendarahan otak
-         membantu kinerja paru-paru
-         memompa efektivitas sistem kerja ginjal
-         shalat juga berguna menguatkan otot-otot tubuh dan sendi
-         membantu relaksasi
-         meningkatkan kelenturan
-         memperlancar peredaran darah, sehingga fungsi organ tubuh berjalan baik.
Ringkasnya, semua persiapan demi melaksanakan shalat, baik itu syarat shalat: mulai wudlu dan sebagainya, juga gerakan-gerakan yang ada dalam shalat, baik yang bersifat wajib, maupun yang sunah, berdampak membantu meningkatkan kualitas kerja organ-organ tubuh, tanpa terkecuali. Kesimpulan ini, salah satunya mengemuka dalam muktamar ke-7, Organisasi al’Ijaz al-Ilmi -sebuah lembaga yang mengkhususkan diri meneliti rahasia dan keajaiban ilmu pengetahuan yang ada dalam kandungan al-Qur’an dan hadis, di Dubai, Qatar. Dalam muktamar itu, misalnya, menjelaskan Kenapa sih Islam mewajibkan wudlu? Kenapa sih Islam mewajibkan shalat? Apa dampaknya bagi kesehatan?
Wudlu dan Kesehatan
Begitu air dingin membasuh anggota wudlu, maka secara otomatis pembuluh darah bereaksi untuk bekerja lebih cepat dan gesit mengalirkan darah ke seluruh tubuh sebagai reaksi alami menormalisasi suhu tubuh, akibat bertemunya suhu panas dalam tubuh dengan dinginnya guyuran air wudlu. Saat itu juga darah mengalir ke daerah seputar wajah, kedua tangan dan tepak kaki dengan sangat lancar.
Ketika aliran darah mengalir ke seluruh tubuh, termasuk pada bagian kulit, maka kelenjar peluh langsung bekerja menyedot darah-darah kotor dan membuangnya keluar tubuh melalui bulu-bulu halus yang tumbuh di sekitar kulit. Begitu darah kotor itu keluar, walau tidak kasat mata, maka langsung disapu air wudlu –inilah mungkin rahasianya kenapa kita disunahkan membasuh tiga kali pada setiap anggota wudlu. Dampaknya kulit sekitar wajah dan lainnya nampak cantik dan putih berseri sehingga penuaan dini bisa terhindarkan.
Biasanya, proses penyaringan dan pembuangan darah-darah kotor dilakukan oleh ginjal, kemudian dibuang bersamaan dengan air seni. Namun ketika seseorang melakukan wudlu, darah-darah kotor itu tertarik dan terkonsentrasi pada sekitar anggota-anggota wudlu yang sudah dibasuh dan kemudian disapu bersih oleh air wudlu berikutnya –basuhan kedua dan ketiga. Artinya, berwudlu ternyata mengurangi sedikit beban berat kerja ginjal dan dampaknya bisa meminimalisir kemungkinan terkena risiko sakit ginjal.
Salah tugas jantung yang paling berat adalah memompa darah supaya mengalir menuju wajah, telapak tangan, dan kaki. Kenapa? Karena posisi ketiga anggota tubuh tersebut jauh dari posisi jantung –yang berada di rongga dada. Begitu tersentuh air wudlu yang dingin, maka jantung langsung bereaksi dan kemudian memompa darah dengan kuat menuju tiga anggota badan yang berjauhan itu. Dengan demikian wudlu tak hanya semata kewajiban agama, tapi juga membantu meringankan beban berat kerja jantung. Akhirnya risiko terkena serangan jantung pun relatif bisa terhindarkan.
Wudlu dengan air dingin, juga membantu merangsang dan mengefektifkan sistem kerja syaraf. Rangsangan tadi, akan berdampak positif pada kinerja syaraf pusat yang berada di otak. Tak heran makanya kalau setelah wudlu kita selalu merasakan suasana segar, yang tak dirasakan sebelum wudlu. Dengan demikian faedah lain dari wudlu adalah sanggup mengurangi ketegangan jiwa, stress, mengurangi rasa sedih, rasa khawatir dan rasa marah. Faedah inilah mungkin yang menjelaskan kenapa Rasulullah Saw, selalu menganjurkan kita untuk segera berwudlu ketika kita sedang emosi, terutama lagi pada hakim yang sedang dalam proses mengadili sebuah perkara.
Shalat dan Kesehatan
Coba perhatikan dan renungkan gerakan-gerakan olahraga yang direkomendasikan para pakar kesehatan, hampir semuanya tercakup dalam gerakan shalat. Makanya, seperti halnya olahraga, gerakan shalat juga akan membantu memperingan kinerja jantung, memperlancar asupan oksigen ke dalam tubuh dan membuat otak menjadi segar bugar.
Shalat juga membantu kerja jantung. Ia selalu bekerja tanpa henti mengatur sirkulasi darah dan mengalirkannya kepada semua organ tubuh. Hal yang dirasa paling berat dari kinerja jantung adalah bagaimana memompa dan mengalirkan darah menuju organ tubuh yang posisinya lebih atas dari jantung. Misalnya otak, mata, hidung, lisan dan sebagainya. Karena posisi jantung sendiri ada dirongga dada. Artinya dengan fungsi harus mengalirkan darah kepada daerah yang lebih tinggi, jantung harus bekerja keras melawan gaya gravitasi bumi. Dengan melakukan sujud ketika shalat maka, sadar atau tak sadar, kerja jantung akan terbantu dalam tugasnya mengalirkan darah pada sekitar organ-organ yang posisinya lebih tinggi. Karena saat bersujud otomatis organ-organ yang tadinya di atas jantung itu, menjadilebih rendah posisinya. Maka, anjuran Islam untuk “agak memperlama” sujud dengan melakukan doa, selain bernilai ibadah juga menyehatkan tubuh karena membantu meringankan beban kerja jantung. Saat bersujud pompaan aliran darah persis seperti mobil yang ada pada posisi jalan menurun –cepat dan lancar. Dengan demikian aliran darah makin cepat mengalir dan berkumpul di pembuluh darah besar atau aorta. Ketika bangkit dari sujud, maka darah yang tadinya berkosentrasi di aorta akan mengaliri pembuluh-pembuluh darah di sekujur tubuh. Jantung pun akhirnya merasa terbantu.
Posisi sujud juga membantu kinerja paru-paru untuk melakukan asupan oksigen pada tubuh dan membuang karbondioksida. Juga membantu sirkulasi darah dari jantung ke paru-paru dan sebaliknya. Pada saat sujud, beban kerja jantung agak berkurang. Artinya jantung bisa sedikit beristirahat dan efeknya hal ini tentu akan mengurangi resiko terkena serangan jantung mendadak.
Perlu diketahui juga, bahwa shalat yang dijalankan dengan penuh kesungguhan, khusu’, dan ikhlas akan menumbuhkan persepsi, dan motivasi positif dan terhindar dari penyakit jantung koroner atau prediksi prognosis infark miokard akut. Gejala yang bisa dilihat bahwa pengamal shalat yang baik, akan menghadapi hidup secara realistis dan optimis. Dengan shalat yang baik kita akan merasakan bahwa Allah SWT, adalah segala-galanya. Dan dengan demikian kita akan terhindar dari rasa takut dan khawatir.  
Namun Islam sebagai agama moderat tentu tak mewajibkan umatnya melaksanakan shalat sepanjang hari. Islam selalu memerintahkan untuk menyeimbangkan antara hak dan kewajiban, antara kebutuhan agama dan kebutuhan duniawi.
Walhasil, shalat selain bernilai ibadah juga membawa dampak positif bagi kesehatan tubuh dan pikiran. Kelebihan shalat, karena dilakukan dengan lentur dan tenang, maka cocok buat semua usia. Ia tak berisiko mencederai tubuh, bahkan menyehatkan. Hanya saja, kesimpulan tak berarti Anda disarankan untuk tidak berolahraga atau bahkan disalahfahami bahwa, Islam tak memperbolehkan olahraga. Sama sekali tidak.
Puasa: Ibadah yang menyehatkan
Kebanyakan umat Islam menjalankan puasa semata-mata sebagai sebuah ibadah dan kewajiban yang tidak boleh dilewatkan. Banyak yang belum tahu kalau puasa itu sebetulnya sangat baik untuk kesehatan. Published on September 10, 2008 in Health
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Written by freakazoid
Karena tidak ada asupan makanan, maka ketika puasa tubuh kita mengalami kekurangan energi. Sehingga tubuh harus mengganti sumber energinya (biasa disebut autolisis). Autolisis adalah proses mengubah lemak yang disimpan di tubuh untuk menghasilkan energi. Selain berkurangnya lemak, puasa juga memiliki fungsi detoksifikasi atau membuang racun dari tubuh melalui usus, hati, ginjal, paru-paru, kelenjar dan kulit. Proses ini sebetulnya sudah ada di tubuh manusia, namun puasa membuat tubuh lebih giat dalam membuang racun-racun yang tidak dibutuhkan.. Manfaat berikutnya dari puasa adalah penyembuhan. Saat berpuasa system pencernaan kita tidak banyak bekerja, sehingga energi yang biasa digunakan dalam proses pencernaan akan lebih banyak dialihkan ke metabolisme dan system kekebalan tubuh. Inilah sebabnya mengapa ketika terluka hewan tidak mau makan dan ketika sakit manusia enggan makan. Karena energi untuk mencerna lebih dibutuhkan untuk penyembuhan dan kekebalan. Sebuah penelitian juga membuktikan bahwa puasa dapat membantu peremajaan sel-sel tubuh dan menambah rentang hidup. Sebagian dari fenomena ini disebabkan oleh manfaat-manfaat yang sudah dijelaskan diatas. Ritme metabolisme tubuh yang berkurang, produksi protein yang efisien dan system kekebalan tubuh yang membaik adalah diantara manfaat berpuasa yang sifatnya jangka panjang.
PENTINGNYA PENDIDIKAN SEKS BAGI KELUARGA, REMAJA DAN ANAK Nov 25, '07 4:35 PMfor everyone
PENGANTAR
Selayaknyalah orangtua sebagai pihak pertama yang bertanggung jawab terhadap keselamatan putra dan putrinya dalam menjalani tahapan-tahapan perkembangan (fisik, emosional, intelektual, seksual, sosial dan lain- lain) yang harus mereka lalui, dari anak-anak hingga mereka dewasa. Tanggungjawab orang tua tidak hanya mencakup atau terbatasi pada kebutuhan materi saja, tetapi sesungguhnya mencakup juga kepada seluruh aspek kehidupan anaknya, termasuk didalamnya aspek pendidikan seksual. Dimana pemahaman dan pemilihan metode pendidikan seksual yang tepat akan mengantarkan anak menjadi insan yang mampu menjaga dirinya dari perbuatan-perbuatan yang terlarang dan sadar akan ancaman dan peringatan dari perbuatan zina serta memiliki pegangan agama yang jelas.
Karena pendidikan seks berkaitan erat dengan aqidah. Bagi orang tua muslim, pendidikan seks sebaiknya dibingkai dengan nilai akhlak dan etika Islam. Dalam makalah ini, kita tidak akan membahas masalah mengenai cara bersetubuh atau persetubuhan yang aman, seks yang dapat mencegah kehamilan dan sebagainya, karena pendidikan seks yang kita inginkan adalah agar anak mengetahui fungsi organ seks, tanggungjawabnya, halal haram yang berkaitan dengan organ seks, dan panduan menghindari penyimpangan prilaku seksual sejak dini.
Akses informasi seks yang sangat mudah dari berbagai media akan mempercepat hancurnya generasi penerus bangsa.  Informasi tersebut dapat diperoleh dengan sangat mudah baik lewat internet, HP, buku komik dewasa dan anak, televisi (sinetron, film), CD, play station, serta media lainnya,  menyerbu anak-anak yang dikemas sedemikian rupa sehingga perbuatan seks dianggap lumrah dan menyenangkan.
Jalan satu-satunya menyikapi fenomena ini adalah kita harus membentengi anak-anak kita dengan nilai-nilai seksualitas yang benar, yang dilandasi dengan agama.
Oleh sebab itulah, sebagai orang tua, sangat perlu untuk mengetahui apa itu pendidikan seks? Seberapa penting pendidikan seks bagi pendidikan anak-anaknya? Bagaimana Islam mengajarkan tentang pendidikan seks buat umatnya? Apa tujuan pendidikan seks dalam islam? Adakah tahapan umur dalam menyampaikan pendidikan seks pada anak?Apa arti pendidikan seks bagi remaja?
 
Definisi pendidikan Seks
Baiklah kita mulai dengan definisi pendidikan seks. Terdapat bermacam-macam definisi Pendidikan seks, yaitu:
Pendidikan seks di negara-negara sekuler menitik beratkan pada perilaku seks yang aman dan sehat dan tak mengajari anak-anak tentang menghindari seks bebas, sehingga tidak bisa mengurangi timbulnya penyakit menular seksual (PMS) dan kehamilan pra nikah (Majalah Nikah, Vol 3, No. 5 hal. 73-75)
Pendidikan seks adalah perlakuan sadar dan sistematis di sekolah, keluarga dan masyarakat untuk menyampaikan proses perkelaminan menurut agama dan yang sudah diterapkan oleh masyarakat. Intinya pendidikan seks tidak boleh bertentangan dengan ajaran agama (DR. Arief Rahman Hakim dan Drs. Fakhrudin-SMU Lab School Jakarta).
Pendidikan seks menurut Islam adalah upaya pengajaran dan penerapan tentang masalah-masalah seksual yang diberikan pada anak, dalam usaha menjaga anak dari kebiasaan yang tidak islami serta menutup segala kemungkinan kearah hubungan seksual terlarang (zina) (Muhammad Sa’id Mursi
 
Pada makalah ini saya membatasi pembahasan pendidikan seks yang sesuai definisi terakhir yaitu melatih umat Islam, terutama anak anak dan remaja agar menyadari bahwa kebutuhan atau kegiatan seksual perlu dipenuhi secara baik dan halal.
 
Pendidikan Seks Berdasarkan Usia
Pertanyaan selanjutnya adalah sejak kapan pendidikan seks dapat diberikan? Sesungguhnya tidak ada batasan, menurut sebagian ahli dalam pendidikan seks, pendidikan seks dapat mulai diberikan ketika anak mulai bertanya tentang seks dan kelengkapan jawaban bisa diberikan sesuai dengan seberapa jauh keingintahuan mereka dan tahapan umur sang anak.
Menurut Muhammad Sa’id Mursi, pendidikan seks dapat dimulai sejak dini, karena pendidikan seks tidak hanya mencakup pada pertanyaan dan jawaban belaka. Contoh teladan, pembiasaan akhlak yang baik, penghargaan terhadap anggota tubuh, menanamkan rasa malu bila aurat terlihat orang lain ataupun malu melihat aurat orang lain dan lain sebaginya juga termasuk pendidikan seks bagi anak-anak perlu ditanamkan dalam diri anak sejak dini, misalnya:
Memisahkan tempat tidur antara anak perempuan dan laki-laki pada umur 10 tahun.
Mengajarkan mereka meminta izin ketika memasuki kamar orangtuanya. Terutama dalam tiga waktu: sebelum shalat fajar, waktu Zhuhur dan setelah shalat Isya (QS. 24 : 58-59).
 
Namun ada juga sebagian ahli yang mengklasifikasikan perkembangan anak dalam beberapa fase, yaitu:
Fase pertama atau Tamyiz (masa pra pubertas). Fase ini ada pada usia antara 7–10 tahun. Pada tahap ini diajarkan mengenali identitas diri berkaitan erat dengan organ biologis mereka serta perbedaan antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Pada masa ini juga anak diberi pelajaran tentang meminta izin dan memandang sesuatu ketika akan memasuki kamar orangtuanya.
Fase kedua atau Murahaqah (pubertas), ada pada usia 10-14 tahun. Pada tahap umur ini, anak harus diberikan penjelasan mengenai fungsi biologis secara ilmiah, batas aurat, kesopanan, akhlak pergaulan laki-laki dan menjaga kesopanan serta harga diri. Pada masa ini anak sebaiknya dijauhkan dari berbagai rangsangan seksual, seperti bioskop, buku-buku porno, buku-buku yang memperlihatkan perempuan-perempuan yang berpakaian mini dan sebagainya.
Fase ketiga atau Bulugh (Masa Adolesen), pada usia 14-16 tahun. Pada tahap ini adalah paling kritis dan penting, karena naluri ingin tahu dalam diri anak semakin meningkat ditambah dengan tahapan umur yang semakin menampakkan kematangan berfikir. Pada masa ini juga anak sudah siap menikah (ditandai dengan mulai berfungsinya alat-alat reproduksi), maka anak bisa diberi pelajaran tentang etika hubungan seksual.
Fase keempat (masa pemuda), setelah masa andolesen, pada masa ini anak diberi pelajaran tentang etika isti’faaf (menjaga diri) jika belum mampu melaksanakan pernikahan.
Fase kelima (analisa).
 
Sedangkan menurut Clara Kriswanto pendidikan seks berdasarkan usia sebagai berikut:
Usia 0-5 tahun
Bantu anak agar merasa nyaman dengan tubuhnya
Beri sentuhan dan pelukan kepada anak agar mereka merasakan kasih sàyang dari orangtuanya secara tulus.
Bantu anak memahami perbedaan perilaku yang boleh dan tidak boleh dilakukan di depan umum. Contohnya, saat anak selesai mandi harus mengenakan baju di dalam kamar mandi atau di kamarnya. Orangtua harus menanamkan bahwa tidak diperkenankan berlarian usai mandi tanpa busana. Anak harus tahu bahwa ada hal-hal pribadi dari tubuhnya yang tidak sèmua orang boleh lihat apalagi menyentuhnya.
Ajari anak untuk mengetahui perbedaan anatomi tubuh pria dan wanita. Jelaskan proses tubuh seperti hamil dan melahirkan dalam kalimat sederhana. Dari sini bisa dijelaskan bagaimana bayi bisa berada dalam kandungan ibu. Tentu saja harus dilihat perkembangan kognitif anak. Yang penting orangtua tidak membohongi anak misalnya dengan mengatakan kalau adik datang dari langit atau dibawa burung. Cobalah memosisikan diri Anda sebagai anak pada usia tersebut. Cukup beritahu hal-hal yang ingin diketahuinya. Jelaskan dengan contoh yang terjadi pada binatang.
Hindari perasaan malu dan bersalah atas bentuk serta fungsi tubuhnya.
Ajarkan anak untuk mengetahui nama yang benar setiap bagian tubuh dan fungsinya. Katakan vagina untuk alat kelamin wanita dan penis untuk alat kelamin pria ketimbang mengatakan burung atau yang lainnya.
Bantu anak memahami konsep pribadi dan ajarkan mereka kalau pembicaraan soal seks adalah pribadi.
Beri dukungan dan suasana kondusif agar anak mau datang kepada orangtua untuk bertanya soal seks
Usia 6-9 tahun
Tetap menginformasikan masalah seks kepada anak, meski tidak ditanya.
Jelaskan bahwa setiap keluarga mempunyai nilai-nilai sendiri yang patut dihargai. Seperti nilai untuk menjaga diri sebagai perempuan atau laki-laki serta menghargai lawan jenisnya.
Berikan informasi mendasar tentang permasalahan seksual
Beritahukan kepada anak perubahan yang akan terjadi saat mereka menginjak masa pubertas.
Usia 10-12 tahun
Bantu anak memahami masa pubertas.
Berikan penjelasan soal menstruasi bagi anak perempuan serta mimpi basah bagi anak laki-laki sebelum mereka mengalaminya. Dengan begitu anak sudah diberi persiapan tentang perubahan yang bakal terjadi pada dirinya.
Hargai privasi anak.
Dukung anak untuk melakukan komunikasi terbuka.
Tekankan kepada anak bahwa proses kematangan seksual setiap individu itu berbeda-beda. Bantu anak untuk memahami bahwa meskipun secara fisik ia sudah dewasa, aspek kognitif dan emosionalnya belum dewasa untuk berhubungan intim.
Beri pemahaman kepada anak bahwa banyak cara untuk mengekspresikan cinta dan kasih sayang tanpa perlu berhubungan intim.
Diskusi terbuka dengan anak tentang alat kontrasepsi. Katakan bahwa alat kontrasepsi berguna bagi pasangan suami istri untuk mengatur atau menjarangkan kelahiran.
Diskusikan tentang perasaan emosional dan seksual.
Usia 13-15 tahun
Ajarkan tentang nilai keluarga dan agama.
Ungkapkan kepada anak kalau ada beragam cara untuk mengekspresikan cinta.
Diskusikan dengan anak tentang faktor-faktor yang harus dipertimbangkan sebelum melakukan hubungan seks.
Usia 16-18 tahun
Dukung anak untuk mengambil keputusan sambill memberi informasi berdasarkan apa seharusnya ia mengambil keputusan itu.
Diskusikan dengan anak tentang perilaku seks yang tidak sehat dan ilegal.
 
Pentingnya Pendidikan seks bagi remaja
Remaja adalah masa peralihan dari masa kanak-kanak ke masa dewasa.  Menurut WHO (badan PBB untuk kesehatan dunia) usia remaja adalah 12 sampai 24 tahun.  Namun jika pada usia remaja seseorang sudah menikah, maka ia tergolong usia dewasa.  Sebaliknya,  jika usia sudah bukan lagi remaja tetapi masih tergantung pada orang tua (tidak mandiri), maka dimasukkan ke dalam kelompok remaja.
Ada beberapa hal yang perlu diperhatikan ketika berbicara tentang remaja dan pendidikan seks, terutama yang berhubungan perkembangan seks. Ada kesan pada remaja bahwa seks itu menyenangkan, puncak rasa kecintaaan, tidak ada kedukaan, tidak menyakitkan bahkan membahagiakan, sehingga tidak ada yang perlu ditakutkan. Seks hanya berkisar prilaku seks semata yang disertai birahi, bahkan ada yang beranggapan bahwa gaul atau tidaknya seorang remaja dilihat dari pengalaman seks mereka, sehingga ada opini  “seks adalah sesuatu yang menarik dan perlu dicoba“ (dikenal dengan istilah sexpectation).
Pendidikan seks diperlukan agar anak mengetahui fungsi organ seks, tanggungjawab yang ada padanya, halal haram berkaitan dengan organ seks dan panduan menghindari penyimpangan dalam prilaku seksual mereka sejak dini.
Memang masa remaja adalah masa yang sangat didominasi dengan masalah-masalah seks. Remaja juga akan sangat memperhatikan masalah-masalah seks. Banyak remaja yang mengkonsumsi bacaan-bacaan porno, melihat film-film blue dan semakin bertambah ketika mereka berhadapan dengan rangsangan seks seperti suara, pembicaraan, tulisan, foto, sentuhan, film. Bahkan semakin hari semakin bervariatif. Padahal apabila remaja sudah terjatuh dalam kegiatan seks yang haram, maka akibatnya sudah tidak bisa dibayangkan lagi:
Hilangnya harga diri bagi remaja laki dan hilangnya keperawanan bagi perempuan.
Perasaan berdosa yang mendalam, terkadang berakibat menjadi lemah dan semakin jauh dengan Allah SWT.
Perasaan takut hamil.
Lemahnya kepercayaan antara dua pihak.
Apabila hubungan ini diteruskan, akan menjadi hubungan yang gagal, terlebih bila dikembalikan dengan hukum syari’at.
Penghinaan masyarakat terhadap remaja laki-laki dan perempuan, juga kepada keluarganya.
Bagaimana solusinya? DR. Akram Ridho Mursi memberikan solusinya, sebagai berikut:
Pertama, dengan meminimalkan hal-hal yang merangsang, mengekang ledakan-ledakan nafsu dan menguasainya. Sebab, sesungguhnya tuntuntan untuk memenuhi hasrat biologis didorong oleh dua sebab:
Ekstern, dengan jalan rangsangan. Pada awalnya memori seks dibentuk oleh stimulasi eksternal (bukan persepsi).
Intern, dengan jalan berpikir dan bertindak.
Kedua, dengan menjaga diri (Isti’faaf). Hal ini merupakan bagian dari proses sebagai berikut:
Memahami diri. Dimana remaja putra dan putri memahami tentang jati dirinya. Menyadari akan tugas dan tanggungjawab hidup, mengerti hubungan dirinya dengan lingkungannya, (Al Hajj: 77)
Kualitas akhlak. Menyadari batas-batas nilai, tugas masyarakat. Kecil dan besar, komitmen dengan tanggung jawab bersama dalam masyarakat.
Kesadaran beragama. Perasaan taqwa dan muroqabah-Nya. Al Alaq: 14.
Perasaan damai di rumah. Terbangun dari keterbukaan, cinta kasih, saling memahami diantara sesama anggota keluarga.
Pengawasan yang cerdas dari orang tua.
Komitmen dengan aturan-aturan Allah SWT dalam berpakaian dan dalam bergaul dengan lawan jenis.
Menghindari pergaulan bebas dan mencegah berduaan tanpa mahram.
 
Apa yang bisa orangtua lakukan agar  anak dan remaja tak sungkan berkomunikasi tentang seks ?
1.      Ubah cara berpikir anda. Bahwa makna pendidikan seks itu sangat luas, tidak hanya berkisar masalah jenis kelamin dan hubungan seksual. Tapi di dalamnya ada perkembangan manusia (termasuk anatomi dan fisiologi organ tubuh, terutama organ reproduksi); hubungan antar manusia (antar keluarga, teman, pacar dan perkawinan); kemampuan personal (termasuk di dalamnya tentang nilai, komunikasi, negosisasi dan pengambilan keputusan); perilaku seksual; kesehatan seksual (meliputi kontrasepsi, pencegahan Infeksi Menular Seksual (IMS), HIV/AIDS, aborsi dan kekerasan seksual); serta budaya dan masyarakat (tentang jender, seksualitas dan agama).
2.      Mengajarkan tentang pendidikan seks sejak dini. Seperti saat anda mulai mengajari “ini hidung”, atau “ini mulut”, maka pada saat itulah anda mengajarinya “ini penis” atau “ini vulva” . Jangan menggunakan istilah-istilah yang tidak tepat (misalnya “nenen” untuk mengganti kata payudara atau yang lainnya), karena dengan demikian tanpa sengaja kita telah membuat dikotomi, antara organ yang biasa dan organ yang “jorok” atau tabu atau negatif. Karena persepsi tentang bagian tubuh yang keliru akan berdampak negatif bagi anak di masa yang akan datang.
3.      Manfaatkan ‘Golden Moments”, misalnya saat sedang menonton teve yang sedang menayangkan kasus perkosaan, saat sedang melakukan aktivitas berdua (masak, membereskan tempat tidur), dan lain-lain.
4.      Dengarkan apa yang diucapkan anak dengan sungguh-sungguh, pahami pikiran dan perasaan mereka. Dengan demikian mereka akan merasa diterima, jika sudah merasa diterima, mereka akan membuka diri, percaya dan mudah diajak kerja sama.
5.      Jangan menceramahi. Anak umumnya tidak suka diceramahi. Karena pada saat kita menceramahi seseorang, biasanya kita “menempatkan” diri kita lebih tinggi darinya. Bukan dengan cara ini kita bisa berkomunikasi dengan mereka.
6.      Gunakan istilah yang tepat, sesuai dengan usianya. Misalnya saja kalau anak anda sudah beranjak remaja, maka gunakanlah bahasa gaul yang biasa digunakan remaja, sehingga anak tidak merasa sungkan menanggapi pembicaraan anda.
7.      Gunakan pendekatan agama. Kita harus meyakini bahwa segala masalah dan persoalan di dunia ini harus diselesaikan dengan nilai-nilai agama. Karena nilai-nilai agama tidak akan pernah berubah sampai kapan pun. Anak-anak juga harus diajak mempraktekkan ajaran agama dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.
8.      Mulai saat ini juga. Begitu anda membaca artikel ini, mulai susun strategi apa yang akan anda gunakan untuk mulai mengajak anak berbicara. Yang perlu diingat yaitu bahwa anak adalah orang tua di masa yang akan datang, maka dari itu harus kita persiapkan sedemikian rupa agar menjadi generasi yang siap menghadapi masa depan dengan segala rintangannya. Percayalah, bahwa anda merupakan orang yang paling tepat dalam hal ini, dengan mempercayai diri sendiri, anda pun telah memberikan kepercayaan pada anak..
Penutup
Sedemikian mendesaknya pendidikan seks yang sebenarnya bagi anak-anak dan remaja. Tentunya bukanlah pendidikan seks yang lebih menekankan pada sisi aman dan sehat dalam berhubungan seks bebas. Pendidikan seks seperti ini tidak akan mengurangi timbulnya penyakit kelamin atau hamil pra nikah, karena tidak mengubah kebiasaan seks mereka.
Kita menginginkan pendidikan seks yang sesuai dengan fitrah sebagai manusia, ingin menjaga harga diri dan kehormatan diri sesuai dengan yang diingini oleh Allah SWT. Bukankah Islam sudah mencontohkan dan mengajarkan pencegahan prilaku seksual yang terlarang sejak dini?
Firman Allah dalam surah Al Isra’ ayat 32, yang artinya
Dan janganlah kamu mendekati Zina. Sesungguhnya zina itu adalah perbuatan yang keji dan merupakan jalan yang buruk.
Wallahu A’lam.
PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005)
Al-Itsnayna, 20 Jumada Al-Ula 1429 H - 21:38:13
oleh: Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta


[html] PENDAHULUAN.Guru dan dosen bagi masyarakat awan selama ini dipahami sebagai orang yang pekerjaannya mengajar, demikian juga halnya dengan dosen. Meskipun sama-sama berprofesi mengajar.....

PENDAHULUAN.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Guru dan dosen bagi masyarakat awan selama ini dipahami sebagai orang yang pekerjaannya mengajar, demikian juga halnya dengan dosen. Meskipun sama-sama berprofesi mengajar, sisi pembedanya, guru mengajar pada lembaga pendidikan sekolah dari pendidikan usia dini sampai pendidikan menengah, sedangkan dosen mengajar pada pendidikan tinggi. Artinya, profesi yang dinamakan guru dan dosen, tidaklah begitu masalah dan tidak menjadikan profesi dosen lebih berderajat dari pada guru. Masalahnya jadi lain, apabila guru dan dosen yang semula dipahami sebagai orang yang pekerjaanya mengajar bergeser menjadi pendidik (pendidik profesional).PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Pergeseran pengertian guru dan dosen dari orang yang pekerjaannya mengajar menjadi pendidik profesional, bagi sebagian orang mungkin tidak begitu dimasalahkan, namun bila dikaji lebih dalam sesungguhnya memberikan pengaruh yang luar biasa bagi arah pengembangan pendidikan di Indonesia, bahkan akan membentuk suatu sosok guru dan dosen dimasa datang. Apalagi, pergeseran pemahaman terhadap guru dan dosen dari mengajar menjadi pendidik sudah menjadi keputusan hukum sebagaimana dituangkan dalam UU No.14 Tahun 2005 Tentang Guru dan Dosen.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta UU No.14 Tahun 2005 tidak memberikan penjelasan, mengapa memilih atau menempatkan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional ketimbang sebagai orang yang pekerjaannya mengajar, kecuali hanya mengacu kepada UU No.Tahun 2003 yang menyebutkan bahwa pendidik merupakan tenaga professional. Pengertian itu kemudian ditarik pembentuk UU No.14 Tahun 2005 dalam memberikan pengertian terhadap guru dan dosen. Pertanyaannya, apakah pekerjaan mengajar lebih sempit ruang lingkupnya dari pendidik ? Apakah rumusan pendidik profesional itu lahir didorong oleh pemikiran bahwa tidak semua pendidik profesional. Hal yang terakhir disebut, saya pikir akan mengundang perdebatan, tetapi intinya bukanlah kemasalah itu, melainkan apa konsekuensi bagi guru dan dosen yang berkedudukan sebagai pendidik profesional yang kemudian dihadapkan kepada sejumlah ketentuan hukum sebagaimana termuat dalam UU No.14 Tahun 2005 dalam menjalankan pekerjaan atau profesi sebagai guru dan dosen.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Dari mengajar ke Pendidik Profesional.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Sejak dari dulu keberadaan guru dan dosen mendapat tempat tersendiri dalam masyarakat, dan dalam bidang pendidikan merupakan faktor kunci dari keberhasilan tujuan pendidikan dan kualitas peserta didik. Meskipun sedemikian strategis peran guru dan dosen, setelah puluhan tahun Indonesia merdeka kita belum memiliki undang-undang yang khusus mengatur tentang guru dan dosen. Dari sisi ini, kelahiran UU Nomor 14 Tahun 2005 pantas disambut baik, terlepas dari berbagai kelemahan dan kekurangannya. Bagaimana pun strategisnya peran guru dan dosen dalam dunia pendidikan, apabila tidak ada undang-undang yang mengaturnya, ia tidak saja melahirkan kerumitan dalam pengembangan profesi, juga melemahkan etos kerja guru dan dosen. Dalam konteks ini haruslah dipahami, bahwa UU No.14 Tahun 2005 tidak terlepas dari fungsinya sebagai hukum.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Fungsi peraturan perundang-undangan sebagaimana halnya dengan UU No.14 Tahun 2005 meliputi fungsi ketertiban, fungsi keadilan, fungsi penunjang pembangunan, fungsi mendorong perubahan sosial. Atas dasar itu, maka dengan diundangkannya UU No.14 Tahun 2005, maka guru dan dosen telah memiliki pijakan dan pegangan dalam menjalankan profesi. Guru dan dosen yang selama ini cenderung hanya dipandang sebagai profesi mulia dan strategis, namun belum diikuti dengan pengembangan dan peningkatan profesi yang berkualiatas dan bermartabat. Disisi lain guru dan dosen dituntut beban untuk menghasilkan peserta didik yang bermutu. Diakui memang, ada sejumlah peraturan perundang-undangan yang menyentuh pengembangan dan peningkatan profesi guru, tetapi hal itu lebih kepada aspek prosedur administrative profesi dan bukan menyakut profesi guru dan dosen itu sendiri. Dari sisi inilah saya pikir arti penting kehadiran UU No.14 Tahun 2005.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Pengundangan UU No.14 Tahun 2005 mau tidak mau membawa perubahan mendasar pada dunia profesi guru dan dosen dan dunia pendidikan dimasa datang. Hal ini dapat dipahami dengan mudah sebagaimana dituangkan dalam pasal 4 dan 5 UU No.14 Tahun 2005 yang pada intinya menyatakan;
Kedudukan guru sebagai tenaga profesional berfungsi untuk meningkatkan martabat dan peran guru sebagai agen pembelajaran berfungsi untuk meningkatkan mutu pendidikan nasional.
Kedudukan dosen sebagai tenaga profesional berfungsi untuk meningkatkan martabat dan peran dosen sebagai agen pembelajaran, pengembangan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi dan seni serta pengabdi kepada masyarakat berfungsi untuk meningkat mutu pendidikan nasional.
Meletakan kedudukan dan fungsi guru dan dosen yang demikian adalah guna mewujudkan tujuan pendidikan nasional yaitu berkembangnya potensi peserta didik agar menjadi manusia yang beriman dan bertaqwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa, berakhlak mulia, sehat, berilmu, cakap, kreatif, mandiri serta menjadi warga Negara yang demokratis dan bertanggung jawab. Karena itu menjadi logis, bahwa tercapainya tujuan pendidikan nasional yang diharapkan, hanya apabila guru dan dosen benar-benar menjadi tenaga profesional yang dibuktikan dengan sertifikat pendidik, yaitu bukti formal sebagai pengakuan yang diberikan kepada guru dan dosen sebagai tenaga profesional. Disisi lain, tidak semua orang memiliki kesempatan untuk diangkat menjadi guru dan dosen pada satuan pendidikan tertentu, melainkan hanya bagi mereka yang telah memperoleh sertifikat pendidik.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Ketentuan peraturan perundang-undangan sebagaimana dikemukakan di atas selain berkonsekuensi kepada pengelolaan sumber daya guru dan dosen, manajemen pendidikan, dipihak lain pihak sekaligus UU No.14 Tahun 2005 menghendaki terwujudnya peserta didik yang bermutu. Dalam hubungan ini jelas penempatan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional, tidak hanya melulu berkaitan dengan soal finasial, tetapi berjalan secara integral dengan kualifikasi, komptensi dan sertifikasi pendidik.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Mewujudkan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesinal, hanya dapat dicapai apabila ketentuan-ketentuan yang termuat dalam UU No.14 Tahun 2005 dijalankan dengan konsisten dan utuh.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta
1.Guru wajib memiliki kualifikasi akademik, kompetensi, sertifikat pendidik, sehat jasmani serta memiliki kemampuan untuk mewujudkan tujuan pendidikan nasional.
2.Guru berkewajiban ;
merencanakan pembelajaran, melaksanakan proses pembelajaran yang bermutu, serta menilai dan mengevaluasi pembelajaran.
Meningkatkan dan mengembangkan kualifikasi akademik dan komptensi secara berkelanjutan sejalan dengan perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi dan seni.
Bertindak objektif dan tidak deskriminatif atas pertimbangan jenis kelamin, agama, suku, ras dan kondisi fisik tertentu, latar belakang keluarga, status sosial ekonomi peserta didik dalam pembelajaran
Menjunjung tingggi peraturan perundang-undangan, hukum dan kode etik guru serta nilai agama dan etika, dan;
Memelihara dan memupuk persatuan dan kesatuan bangsa.

3. Tenaga kerja asing yang dipekerjakan sebagai guru pada satuan pendidikan di Indonesia wajib memenuhi kode etik guru dan peraturan perundang-undangan.
4. Guru yang diangkat oleh pemerintah atau pemerintah daerah wajib menanda tangani pertanyaan kesanggupan untuk ditugaskan didaerah khusus paling sedikit 2 tahun.
5. Guru wajib menjadi anggota organisasi profesi
6. Dosen wajib memiliki kualifikasi akademik, kompetensi, sertifikat pendidik, sehat jasmani dan rohoni dan memenuhi kualifikasi lain yang dipersyaratkan satuan pendidikan tinggi tempat bertugas, serta memiliki kemampuan untuk mewujudkan tujuan pendidikan nasional.
7. Setiap orang yang akan diangkat menjadi dosen wajib mengikuti proses seleksi
8. Dosen berkewajiban:
Melaksanakan pendidikan, penelitian, dan pengabdian kepada masyarakat
Merencanakan, melaksanakan proses pembelajaran, serta menilai dan mengevaluasi hasil pembelajaran
Meningkatkan dan mengembangkan kualifikasi akademik dan komptensi secara berkelanjutan sejalan dengan perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi dan seni
Bertindak objektif dan tidak deskriminatif atas pertimbangan jenis kelamin, agama, suku, ras dan kondisi fisik tertentu, latar belakang keluarga, status sosial ekonomi peserta didik dalam pembelajaran
Menjunjung tingggi peraturan perundang-undangan, hukum dan kode etik guru serta nilai agama dan etika, dan;
Memelihara dan memupuk persatuan dan kesatuan bangsa.
9. Tenaga kerja asing yang diperkerjakan sebagai dosen pada satuan pendidikan tinggi di Indonesia wajib mematuhi peraturan perundang-undangan.10. Pemerintah dan pemerintah daerah wajib menyediakan anggaran untuk peningkatan kualifikasi akademik dan sertifikasi pendidik bagi guru dalam jabatan yang diangkat oleh satuan pendidikan yang diselenggarakan oleh pemerintah, pemerintah daerah dan masyarakat.
11. Pemerintah Wajib memenuhi kebutuhan guru, baik dalam jumlah, kualifikasi akademik maupun dalam kompetensi secara merata untuk menjamin keberlangsungan satuan pendidikan anak usia dini jalur pendidikan formal serta menjamin keberlansungan pendidikan dasar dan menengah yang diselenggarakan pemerintah
12. Pemerintah provinsi, kabupaten/kota wajib memenuhi kebutuhan guru, baik dalam jumlah, kualifikasi akademik, maupun dalam kompetensi secara merata untuk menjamin keberlangsungan satuan pendidikan anak usia dini jalur pendidikan formal serta menjamin keberlansungan pendidikan dasar dan menengah yang diselenggarakan pemerintah sesuai dengan kewenangan.
13. Dalam hal terjadi kekosongan guru, pemerintah atau pemerintah daerah wajib menyediakan guru pengganti
14. Pemerintah dan pemerintah daerah wajib membina dan mengembangkan kualifikasi akademik dan kompetensi guru pada satuan pendidikan yang diselenggaran oleh pemerintah, pemerintah daerah dan/atau masyarakat
15. Pemerintah dan pemerintah daerah wajib memberikan anggaran untuk meningkatkan profesionalitas dan pengabdian guru pada satuan pendidikan yang diselenggaran oleh pemerintah, pemerintah daerah dan/atau masyarakat.
16. Pemerintah, pemerintah daerah, masyarakat organisasi profesi dan/atau satuan pendidikan wajib memberikan perlindungan terhadap guru dalam pelaksanaan tugas.
17. Pemerintah, pemerintah daerah wajib memfasilitasi satuan pendidikan tinggi yang diselenggarakan oleh masyarakat untuk menjamin terlenggaranya pendidikan yang bermutu.
18. Pemerintah wajib membina dan mengembangkan kualifikasi akademik dan kompotensi dosen pada satuan pendidikan tinggi yang diselenggarakan oleh Pemerintah dan atau masyarakat.
19. Pemerintah wajib memberikan anggaran untuk meningkatkan profesionalitas dan pengabdian dosen pada satuan pendidikan tinggi yang diselenggarakan oleh pemerintah dan atau masyarakat.
20. Pemerintah, pemerintah daerah masyarakat organisasi profesi dan atau satuan pendidikan tinggi wajib memberikan perlindungan terhadap dosen dalam pelaksanaan tugas.
21. Penyelenggara pendidikan yang diselenggarakan masyarakar, wajib memenuhi kebutuhan guru tetap, baik dalam jumlah, kualifikasi akademik, maupun komptensinya untuk menjamin keberlansungan pendidikan.
22. Satuan Pendidikan yang diselenggarakan masyarakat wajib membina dan mengembangkan kualifikasi akademik dan kompetensi guru.
23. Satuan pendidikan tinggi yang diselenggarakan masyarakat wajib membina dan mengembangkan kualifikasi akademik dan kompetensi dosen
24. Organisasi profesi guru wajib melaksanakan rekomendasi dewan kehormatan guru.
Dari sejumlah kewajiban guru dan dosen, kewajiban pemerintah dan masyarakat sebagaimana dikemukakan di atas, ternyata untuk mewujudkan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional membutuhkan perhatian dan kebijakan yang sungguh-sungguh dari guru dan dosen, dari pemerintah dan masyarakat. Ini pun baru hanya didasarkan pada sejumlah ketentuan yang dinyatakan dengan tegas dalam UU No.14 Tahun 2005 dengan kata “WAJIB”. Penegasan demikian, memperlihatkan suatu komitmen yang kuat dari kebijakan nasional dalam upaya mewujudkan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional. Namun persoalannya, ketentuan-ketentuan yang imperatif dalam UU No.14 Tahun 2005 itu secara konsisten dilaksanakan guru dan dosen, pemerintah dan masyarakat. Ketentuan yang imperatif dalam UU guru dan dosen tersebut, ternyata tidak disertai dengan ketentuan yang memberikan ruang bagi terlaksananya kebijakan-kebijakan yang sudah diberi penekanan “wajib” dalam UU guru dan dosen.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta UU guru dan dosen hanya memuat saksi terhadap beberapa hal saja, yakni:PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta • Apabila guru tidak menjalankan tugas sebagai sesuai kewajibannya sebagaimana diatur dalam pasal 20 UU No.14 Tahun 2004PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta • Apabila Dosen tidak menjalankan tugas sesuai kewajibannya sebagaimana diatur dalam pasal 60 UU No.14 Tahun 2004PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta • Apabila guru yang berstatus ikatan dinas sebagaimana dimaksud pasal 22 UU No.14 Tahun 2005 tidak melaksanakan tugasnya.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta • Apabila dosen yang berstatus ikatan dinas sebagaimana dimaksud pasal 62 UU No.14 Tahun 2005 tidak melaksanakan tugasnya.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta • Apabla penyelenggara pendidikan atau satuan pendidikan melakukan pelanggaran ketentuan sebagaimana dimaksud Pasal 24, 34, 39, 63 ayat (4), 71 dan Pasal 75 UU No 14 Tahun 2005PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Memahami pengaturan saksi dalam UU guru dan dosen, ternyata tidak ada saksi apabila terjadi pelanggaran atas pasal 8,13, 24, 27, 41 ayat 3, 44 ayat 5, 45 dan pasal 65 UU No.14 Tahun 2005. Bahkan dari ketentuan yang imperatif yang tidak memiliki sanksi itu justeru menjadi faktor kunci dan titik tolak bagi terlaksananya guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional dan mutu pendidikan. Misalnya saja ketentuan Pasal 8 UU No.14 Tahun 2005 yang menentukan, bahwa guru wajib memiliki kualifikasi akademik, kompetensi, sertifikat pendidikan sehat jasaman dan rohani, serta memiliki kemampuan untuk mewujudkan tujuan pendidikan nasional, namun apabila ternyata didalam penyelenggaraan pendidikan guru dan dosennya tidak memiliki kualifikasi akademik dan sertifikat pendidik, tidak ada saksi. Kondisi ketentuan hukum yang “setengah hati” ini untuk dilaksanakan. Kalau pun telah dirumuskan secara imperatif, tetapi tidak ada sanksi apabila tidak dilaksanakan atau penyelenggaraan pendidikan yang sudah berjalan ternyata guru dan dosen belum memiliki kualifikasi akademik dan sertifikat pendidik.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Meskipun UU No.14 Tahun 2005 telah menjadi hukum positif dan menjadi acuan dalam pengelolaan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional, namun dapat dikatakan UU guru dan dosen belum sepenuhnya mampu memberikan stimulan bagi terwujudnya guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional. Ini pun baru dilihat dari sisi kewajiban, belum lagi bagaimana tugas dan dan tanggung jawab guru dan dosen, pemerintah dan masyarakat dalam menyelenggarakan pendidikan. Apalagi menyangkut hak, penghargaan dan penyediaan sarana dan prasana bagi guru dan dosen dalam memacu eksistensi dirinya sebagai pendidik profesional. Artinya, kebijakan-kebijakan yang sudah dituangkan dalam UU guru dan dosen sangat tergantung pada kemauan pemerintah sebagai pelaksana undang-undang.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta UU No.14 Tahun 2005 dan Peraturan Pelaksana.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Menaruh harapan bagi terwujudnya guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional adalah harapan semua orang, termasuk harapan guru dan dosen itu sendiri. Kapan harapan itu akan terwujud, saya pikir sesuatu yang sulit untuk dijawab, termasuk oleh pemerintah sendiri sebagai tugas konstitusinalnya. Selain persoalan yang telah kita kemukakan sebelumnya, ternyata UU No.14 Tahun 2005 bukanlah undang-undang yang bisa dilaksanakan dengan mudah. Setidaknya agar UU guru dan dosen bisa operasional dengan optimal, setidaknya memerlukan 27 ketentuan peraturan pelaksana antara lain;PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai sertifikasi pendidik
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai anggaran untuk peningkatan kualifikasi akademik dan sertifikasi pendidik
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai hak guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai tunjangan profesi guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai tunjangan khusus guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai maslahat tambahan
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai penugasan warga Negara sebagai guru dalam keadaan darurat
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai pola ikatan dinas bagi calon guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai penempatan guru dalam jabatan structural
Peraturan Pemerintah mengenai pemindahan guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai gutu yang bertugas di daerah kusus
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai beban kerja guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai pernghargaan kepada guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai cuti guru
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai penetapan perguruan tinggi yang terakreditasi
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai hak dosen
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai tunjangan profesi dosen
peraturan pemerintah mengenai tunjangan khusus dosen
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai tunjangan kehormatan professor
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai maslahat tambahan dosen
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai penugasan warga Negara Indonesia sebagai dosen dalam keadaan darurat
Peraturan Pemerinah mengenai pola ikatan dinas calon dosen
peraturan pemerintah mengenai penempatan dosen yang diangkat pemerintah pada jabatan structural
Peraturan pemerintah mengenai pemberian penghargaan kepada dosen
Peraturan pemerintah tentang mengenai cuti dosen
Peraturan Menteri mengenai kebijakan strategis pembinaan dan pengembangan profesi dan karier guru
Peraturan Menteri mengenai kebijakan strategis pembinaan dan pengembangan profesi dan karier dosen
Dari sejumlah kebutuhan ketentuan peraturan perundang-undangan yang merupakan perintah lansung dari UU No.14 Tahun 2005, telah ditentukan secara limitatif oleh UU guru dan dosen, dimana harus diselesaikan dalam jangka waktu 18 bulan sejak berlakunya undang-undang No.14 Tahun 2005. Masalahnya, bagaimana kalau pemerintah tersebut tidak terwujud ? Hal itu jelas suatu masalah baru dan menambah kerumitan dalam upaya mewujudkan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik professional, sementara UU No.14 Tahun 2005 telah berlaku sebagai hukum positif sejak tanggal 30 Desember 2005 yang lalu. Dalam konteks ini, penyelenggara pendidikan dan satuan pendidikan dihadapkan pada posisi yang sulit, disatu sisi harus menjadikan UU No.14 Tahun 2005 dalam mengelola guru dan dan dosen sebagai satu komponen penting dalam mencapai tujuan pendidikan dan atau menciptakan peserta didik yang bermutu, disisi lain untuk melaksanakan tuntutan undang-undang peraturan pelaksananya belum ada, dan disisi lain pula penyelenggara pendidikan dan satuan pendidikan harus mempersiapkan diri. Hal ini bukan tidak mungkin terjadi, karena kelemahan kebijakan hukum kita selama ini justeru cenderung berada dalam kondisi ini, dimana suatu ketentuan perundang-undangan yang sudah diundangkan tetapi ketentuan pelaksanaannya selalu terlambat, sehingga kebijakan yang akan ditempuh satuan pendidikan dihadapakan kepada masalah-masalah dan aspek efektifitas dan efisensi seringkali terabaikan. Tidak jarang ujung-ujungnya melahirkan komplik antara pembentuk kebijakan dengan penerima kebijakan.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Sertifikasi Pendidik: Citra guru dan dosenPENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Dalam pembicaraan sebelumnya telah kita singgung, bahwa setiap guru dan dosen wajib memiliki sertikat pendidikan. Bahkan seorang guru dan dosen baru diakui sebagai tenaga professional apabila dapat memberikan bukti sertifikat pendidik. Artinya guru dan dosen baru dapat disebut sebagai pendidik professional apabila telah mendapatkan sertifikat pendidik.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Guru dan dosen akan diberikan sertifikat pendidik apabila telah memenuhi persyaratan dan dapat diperoleh dari perguruan tinggi yang memiliki program pengadaan tenaga kependidikan yang terakreditasi. Hal ini berarti setiap guru dan dosen harus berupa memperoleh sertifikat pendidik yang ketentuannya akan diatur dalam suatu peraturan pemerintah. Persoalannya, kapan program sertifikasi pendidik itu diselenggarakan pemerintah ? UU No.14 Tahun 2005 hanya menyebutkan, bahwa pemerintah mulai melaksanakan program sertifikasi pendidik paling lama dalam waktu 12 bulan terhitung sejak berlakunya UU No.14 Tahun 2005. Ketentuan ini jelas beban yang tidak ringan bagi pemerintah karena merupakan ruh dari UU No.14 Tahun 2005 dan dilain pihak akan memberikan image terhadap satuan pendidikan. Setidak-tidaknya apabila guru dan dosen yang melaksanakan tugasnya pada satu satuan pendidikan belum memiliki sertifikasi pendidik, maka mutu peserta didik yang dihasilkannya masih dapat digugat, atau setidak-tidaknya diragukan.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Keberadaan sertifikat pendidik bagi guru dan dosen sedemikian pentingnya, namun UU No.14 Tahun 2005 memberikan kelonggaran khusus kepada guru, dimana guru yang belum memiliki kualifikasi akademik dan sertifikat pendidik wajib memenuhi kualifikasi akademik dan sertifikasi pendidik paling lama 10 tahun sejak berlakunya UU No.14 Tahun 2005. Ketentuan ini mengisyaratkan, bahwa setidaknya baru pada tahun 2017 seluruh tenaga guru di Indonesia telah berkualifikasi pendidik profesional. Dengan demikian, maka apabila kedudukan guru dan dosen sebagai tenaga professional merupakan bagian dari pembaruan sistem pendidikan nasional, maka hasilnya baru dapat kita lihat pada tahun 2017. Persoalannya, bagaimana kalau program sertifikasi pendidik yang menjadi pekerjaan pemerintah tidak berjalan sebagaimana mestinya atau bagaimana kalau para guru dan dosen yang sudah tidak melaksanakan kewajibannya mendapatkan sertifikat pendidik ? Sementara UU No.14 Tahun 2005 tidak memberikan sanksi apa-apa terhadap keingkaran yang demikian.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Dampak lain, meskipun UU No.14 Tahun 2005 menyatakan akan adanya tunjangan profesi, namun secara yuridis tunjangan tersebut baru diperoleh guru dan dosen setelah memiliki sertifikat pendidik sebagai penghargaan profesinalitasnya. Lebih jauh UU No.14 Tahun 2005 menyebutkan, bahwa guru sebagai tenaga professional mengandung arti bahwa pekerjaan guru hanya dapat dilakukan oleh seseorang yang mempunyai kualifikasi akademik, komptensi dan sertifikat pendidik sesuai dengan persyaratan untuk setiap jenis dan jenjang pendidikan.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Guru sebagai tenaga prfesional sebagaimana yang diinginkan UU No.14 Tahun 2005 harus memiliki kualifikasi akademik, kompetensi dan sertifikat pendidik. Kualifikasi akademik berjalan secara integral dengan kompetensi pedagogik (kemampuan mengelola pembelajaran peserta didik), komptensi kepribadian (kemampuan keperibadian yang mantap, berakhlak mulia, arif, dan berwibawa serta menjadi teladan peserta didik) dan komptensi professional (kemampuan penguasaan materi pelajaran secara luas dan mendalam), komptensi sosial (kemampuan guru untuk berkomunikasi secara efektif dan efisien dengan peserta didik, sesame guru, orang tua/wali dan masyarakat sekitar. Artinya, pendidik professional yang dimaksudkan UU guru dan dosen ini meminggirkan suatu kondisi guru dan dosen yang hanya sekedar mengajar materi pelajaran dalam kelas.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Berbeda dengan guru, kualifikasi akademik dosen diperoleh melalui pendidikan program pascasarjana yang terakreditasi sesuai dengan bidang keahlian. Kualifikasi akademik minimum dosen, lulusan magister bagi dosen pada program diploma dan program sarja, serta lulusan program doktor bagi dosen pada program pascasarjana. Disamping kualifikasi akademik tersebut, setiap orang yang memiliki keahlian dengan prestasi luar biasa dapat diangkat menjadi dosen, Ketentuan lain mengenai kualifikasi akademik dosen dan keahlian ditentukan oleh masing-masing sebat akademik satuan pendidikan tinggi.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Dari beberapa hal dikemukakan di atas, terlihat bahwa UU No.14 Tahun 2005 yang sudah berketatapan memutuskan guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional, sesunggunnya memperlihatkan bahwa sertifikat pendidik tidaklah sekedar bermakna memiliki atau bagaimana mendapatkan sertifikat, melainkan sebagai citra guru dan dosen dimasa datang pasca lahirnya UU No.14 Tahun 2005.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta PenutupPENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Sebagai sebuah catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005, saya tidak membuat suatu kesimpulan dari tulisan ini, namun setidaknya inilah tantangan profesi guru guru dan dosen yang sesungguhnya memerlukan komitmen bagi terwujudnya tujuan pendidikan nasional. Disisi lain, guru dan dosen sebagai pendidik profesional yang bermartabat, maka guru dan dosen yang hanya sekedar melihat profesi guru sebagai sumber nafkah sudah tidak zamannya lagi. Sejak dari dini harus sudah dipahami para guru bahwa guru adalah agen pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan mutu pendidika, sedangkan dosen sebagai tenaga profesinal adalah agen pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan martabat dosen serta mengembangkan ilmu pengetahuan, teknologi dan seni untuk meningkatkan mutu pendidikan. Karena itu dosen yang hanya melakukan tugas pendidikan, akan sulit memperoleh sertifikat pendidik yang pada akhirnya menurunkan mutu satuan pendidikan tinggi tempat mereka melaksanakan tugas.PENDIDIK PROFESIONAL ANTARA HARAPAN DAN TANTANGAN (Suatu catatan atas UU No.14 Tahun 2005) oleh Oleh: BOY YENDRA TAMIN, SH. MH Dosen Fakultas Hukum Universitas Bung Hatta Padang, 6 Mai 2006
          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


          Qatar Airways, sponsor i PSG? Emirates përgjigjen: “Nuk shohim arsye pse të largohemi”        

Emirates nuk “shohin asnjë arsye” në këtë fazë për t’u tërhequr nga kontrata si sponsor i fanellës së Paris Saint-Germain, pavarësisht krizës në mes të Emirateve të Bashkuara dhe Katarit, që ka në pronësi klubin francez. Këtë e bëri të ditur për AFP një zëdhënës nga kompania ajrore. Në fakt, ditët e fundit, qarkulluan zëra për sa i përket mundësisë që klubi francez, të ndërpriste kontratën aktuale me Emirates Airline në fund të sezonit, që është shfaqur në fanellën e […]

The post Qatar Airways, sponsor i PSG? Emirates përgjigjen: “Nuk shohim arsye pse të largohemi” appeared first on Revista Monitor.


          Se vende - Bebé niñas blanco absolutamente adorable con... - Subasta        

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          Debbie Wasserman Schultz: just WTF ... by gimleteye        
Debbie Wasserman Schultz, in recent years, has been a controversial figure within the Democratic Party and, formerly, a key ally of Hillary Clinton. Still, the congresswoman retains a loyal following in her Broward County district.

Now a bizarre story emerges of an untrustworthy staffer who is alleged to have committed financial crime and computer fraud. Imran Awan was employed by Wasserman Schultz although she had knowledge that he was potentially a threat to national security.

The Miami Herald and National Review reported that a Pakistani national, on Wasserman Schultz' payroll until last week, was arrested for a financial crime. Awan also had computer access to classified information in the House Intelligence Committee.

... take this to the bank: The case of Imran Awan, Debbie Wasserman Schultz’s mysterious Pakistani IT guy, is not about bank fraud. Yet bank fraud was the stated charge on which Awan was arrested at Dulles Airport this week, just as he was trying to flee the United States for Pakistan, via Qatar. ... As you let all that sink in, consider this: Awan and his family cabal of fraudsters had access for years to the e-mails and other electronic files of members of the House’s Intelligence and Foreign Affairs Committees. It turns out they were accessing members’ computers without their knowledge, transferring files to remote servers, and stealing computer equipment — including hard drives that Awan & Co. smashed to bits of bytes before making tracks.

The question, of course, is what else did Awan steal.

This is a big deal because Wasserman Schultz was head of the Democratic National Committee at a time when crippling security breaches were known to have occurred. These breaches, alleged to have been Russian incursions into unsecured computer servers and social media databases, may have cost Hillary Clinton the presidency.

If 2016 told American voters anything, it is that incompetence in computer security is a cardinal political offense. So what the hell is Wasserman Schultz doing, continuing to employ a computer hacker and fraudster in her own office, with access to national security information and, possibly, computer files of other government and political officials?

One has to hope that the FBI was tracking Mr. Awan's online movements, and that Wasserman Schultz was not covering for Awan -- she has publicly stated her concern for racial profiling in this case -- but instead was allowing a robust investigation to proceed.

In the meantime, while Republicans wipe their brow that for a brief minute attention swerves from President Trump, it is still the case that leading Democrats should question how much goodwill is left in the Broward congresswoman's account. And for God's sakes, lock down the computers and servers!

          MIT и Qatar Computing смогли раскрыть личности пользователей Tor        
Анонимность в сети Tor была одной из главных критериев, для пользователей. Эдвард Сноуден в ходе своих разоблачений говорил, что Tor можно расшифровать и определить его пользователей, но АНБ способна это сделать лишь с крайне небольшой частью пользователей. Теперь поступила информация что, удалось установить личность 88% пользователей сети. Ученые из Массачусетского Технологического Института (MIT) и Научно-исследовательского […]
          Al Baker: Qatar to Take First Airbus A350-1000 By Year-End        
Qatar Airways will take delivery of its first Airbus A350-1000 by the end of 2017, the Gulf carrier’s CEO confirmed Aug. 9.
          What Does Victory Look Like in Afghanistan?        

https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/8/9/what-does-victory-look-like-in-afghanistan

What Does Victory Look Like in Afghanistan?

Adam Wunische 

 August 9, 2017

More U.S. troops are likely headed back to Afghanistan soon, while the Trump Administration is also now considering withdrawal. Before either option––or anything in between––is considered, the U.S. needs to decide what version of victory it wants before it can decide on a strategy.

One of the most shocking statements I’ve heard on Afghanistan in sometime was that the official U.S. policy is to force the Taliban into a negotiated settlement. This statement came from a highly respected scholar of U.S. foreign policy and military strategy. I wondered what veterans like myself should think of such a policy. Almost 17 years of fighting, over 2,000 killed, and countless others wounded or otherwise affected, and our strategy is now to accept peace with the Taliban and see them holding legislative seats in Kabul and contributing to governing Afghanistan?

To be fair, the statement above was somewhat of a misstatement. What he intended to say was that this is the actual policy being pursued by the U.S., if unofficially and inconsistently. It is an unofficial policy because it would be highly unpopular with the domestic audience in the U.S., and it is inconsistent because presidents have been unwilling to commit the political capital necessary to sustain such a policy. Since a possible troop increase was announced in June, journalists and analysts (and Trump’s advisors) have been debating the strategy to which the U.S. should commit itself. However, these debates often consider strategies in isolation, and this is a mistake. Strategies must be judged relative to the realistic alternatives. This article categorizes the most common recent arguments, considers their limitations, and makes an argument for the least bad option, a negotiated settlement with the Taliban.

MILITARY ENGAGEMENT WITHOUT A COHERENT POLICY SHAPING THE STRATEGY BY WHICH THE CAMPAIGN IS CARRIED OUT IS LITTLE MORE THAN ORGANIZED SLAUGHTER.

One potential strategy considers the possibility of a post-World War II arrangement, leaving a permanent contingent of U.S. forces in Afghanistan to keep the Taliban and others at bay and influence other countries with interests in Central Asia. Unsurprisingly, many considering this possibility find the prospect unsustainable and possibly unachievable.

Another strategy considers the complex regional dynamics of the situation and suggests increasingly forceful engagement with neighboring countries, specifically Pakistan. Use of Pakistani territory sustains and strengthens Taliban operations in Afghanistan and the Pakistanis have been notoriously difficult partners for the U.S. and others.

Still another approach considers the folly of sending more troops before a coherent strategy, or even policy, has been agreed upon. Almost 200 years ago, Clausewitz asserted, “War is a mere continuation of policy by other means.” Military engagement without a coherent policy shaping the strategy by which the campaign is carried out is little more than organized slaughter.

A final take on the situation defines victory as an Afghanistan fully restored via so-called nation-building. This argument suggests less reliance on the military and more on civilians and the State Department. Otherslike Gary Dempsey, argue the costs so greatly outweigh the benefits that the U.S. should simply cut its losses and withdraw. Withdrawal arguments usually suggest that after ground forces have left the U.S. should send targeted operations into Afghanistan whenever violent non-state actors set up shop again, but this assumes the political will and legal justifications will hold indefinitely––which isn’t a safe assumption.

The problem with all of the above arguments is that they only consider one possible form of victory, or take the form of victory as a given. This can be effective when advocating for certain policies, but it also comes with significant limitations. As an alternative, I will present a variety of potential victories––each different in some critical way––and assess the prospects for achieving each and what they mean for U.S. strategy in Afghanistan.

WHAT ARE THE PROSPECTS FOR A TOTAL VICTORY?

It is first necessary to assess the most common assumption for victory and the current state of that possibility. The early stages of the war in Afghanistan were entirely directed at removing the Taliban from power and going after al Qaeda's central structure. This gave Operation Enduring Freedom a specific counterterrorism focus. Therefore, the early objectives necessary for victory were limited: end or degrade al Qaeda and the Taliban. This mission was accomplished, and surprisingly quickly. However, the mission then shifted from counterterrorism to ambitious state-building as the security situation deteriorated and the Taliban began to push back into the country from their sanctuary in Pakistan. NATO troops pushed out from Kabul and sought to extend the new central government’s authority throughout the country.

ASSUMING ANOTHER MILITARY VICTORY OVER THE TALIBAN COULD BE ACHIEVED, THE AFGHAN GOVERNMENT WOULD STILL NEED TO ESTABLISH CONTROL OVER A TERRITORY THAT FEW CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE EVER BEEN ABLE TO CONTROL SINCE MODERN AFGHANISTAN WAS FOUNDED AROUND 1747.

If we assume these more ambitious statebuilding objectives to be the standard by which victory is now measured, each of the following would have to happen before that victory could be considered won: the Taliban would have to be beaten back militarily, the Afghan government would need to establish control over the overwhelming majority of the country, and the U.S. would have no more than a small contingent of trainers and advisors on the ground. Given the length of the effort in Afghanistan thus far, it’s inconsistent progress, and the present trend, this outcome seems unlikely.

Assuming another military victory over the Taliban could be achieved, the Afghan government would still need to establish control over a territory that few central governments have ever been able to control since modern Afghanistan was founded around 1747. Afghan expert Thomas Barfield argues that attempts to extend control over the whole of Afghanistan like other modern states do is a fundamental flaw in U.S. strategy and is simply not possible in a country like Afghanistan. Instead, Barfield has suggested a “Swiss cheese” model should be used. That is, control the vital areas (the population centers) that can be controlled and ignore the areas that cannot. Unfortunately, this isn’t even a realistic model for Afghanistan today, since the holes in government control would undoubtedly be used as safe-havens for any number of armed anti-government and anti-U.S. groups operating in the country. Such a strategy can only work if sustainable and enforceable treaties can be negotiated with the various armed groups.

An Afghan farmer works in a poppy field on the outskirts of Jalalabad, the capital city of Nangarhar province. (Noorullah Shirzada/AFP/Getty)

Furthermore, even if the government were able to reestablish control over all its territory, the government has a myriad of high-grade issues that significantly inhibit the its ability to exercise and maintain control and authority over said territory. Corruptioninhibits the government’s ability to deliver goods and services. Opium continues to flourish in Afghanistan and fund numerous individuals and organizations beyond the control of the central government, criminal and otherwise. Afghanistan’s relationship with its neighbors is complicated, and contributes to the instability. Afghanistan is also plagued by a persistently weak economy that is unlikely to improve to a sufficient level to contribute to stability or even pay the government's bills without foreign aid.

This path to victory also hopes the Afghan government can be encouraged to reform; it cannot. For many non-trivial reasons, it is unreasonable to expect the Afghan government to make the necessary reforms, even if pressured by the U.S. or the international community. Several scholarly articles attempt to explain this phenomenon. Generally speaking, it is clear the interests of the Afghan government will always diverge from those of the U.S. government. Afghan officials will be more interested in crushing coup attempts before they happen or paying off their political rivals; reforming government agencies, especially in the security sector, is more likely to encourage coups and embolden their enemies. No one should hope for government reforms as the path to peace in Afghanistan.

In sum, this vision of victory is unrealistic. Too many variables are too unlikely to be achieved for any reasonable person to think that all of them can be achieved, and at a reasonable cost.

CAN THE TALIBAN BE BEATEN (AGAIN) MILITARILY?

Taliban defeat on the battlefield is given special consideration here. Some might assume victory over the Taliban today should be as easy as it was in 2001. However, the posture and disposition of the Taliban today is very different than it was in 2001. They have been contesting and controlling territory, and that territory could be retaken if subjected to an effort similar to the one in 2001. However, their underground networks and sanctuary support are much more robust than they were. When pushed back from their territory in 2001, it took the Taliban about five years to build the infrastructure of insurgency and push back into Afghanistan. Today, the Taliban wouldn’t skip a beat if denied their territory.

Therefore, all of the issues mentioned in the above section would have to be remedied before the highest possible version of victory could be achieved, and this assumed the Taliban could be defeated anew, which also doesn’t seem likely. A series of unlikely conditions are necessary to sustainably defeat the Taliban. First, total cooperation with Pakistan, who would need to establish control over their own western provinces where these groups are currently afforded safe-haven, would be necessary. Second, Afghanistan would need a robust and functioning security apparatus, which it doesn’t have. Emphasis has been placed on building the Afghan military, but militaries are better at taking and holding territory than they are at defeating insurgencies, which is only step one in a campaign against the Taliban. Furthermore, evidence suggests that terrorist groups are mostly defeated by police and intelligence forces of local governments, not militaries.[1]

An Afghan soldier during an anti-Taliban operation in eastern Kunar provice. (AFP/BBC)

There is a surprisingly positive trend in the use of Afghan police and intelligence forces to pressure and dismantle the Taliban. Increases in Afghan National Army regular forces have essentially flat-lined. On the other hand, the Afghan government plans to increase the number of special forces commandos exponentially, as shown in the chart below.[2]Commandos have the tools and training to effectively go after non-state actors like the Taliban, but there are still significant barriers to defeating the Taliban via these means. First, the feasibility and effectiveness of doubling the size of commando forces isn’t certain. New recruits are drawn from conventional forces, so current special forces capabilities wouldn’t necessarily be reduced. However, whether they’re able to effectively train, equip, and support such a large force remains to be seen. Second, the Taliban would still be able to launch attacks from Pakistan; Afghanistan would still need to improve policing capabilities; and social and economic conditions would need to improve so unemployed youth couldn’t be convinced or paid to carry out attacks for the Taliban.

Furthermore, it is unlikely that the vast increase in commando power will go unnoticed by successive governments. As explained above, corrupt governments tend to weaken their military to hedge against coups.

WHAT DOES A MITIGATED SUCCESS LOOK LIKE?

With a long list of limitations preventing more ambitious victories, it is important to consider what lesser forms of success might look like and whether they are worth pursuing. A mitigated success would at least contain but not defeat the Taliban and focus on areas of higher strategic value, disregarding areas of lesser strategic value (as in the Barfield Strategy). This version of victory would even allow the Taliban to rule certain areas, or establish a power-sharing agreement in those areas not vital to the Government of Afghanistan. Such an approach could achieve core U.S. national interests at lower costs. For example, this would eliminate Afghanistan as a terrorist safe haven, and if Afghanistan were to revert to a safe haven in the future, the circumstance could be addressed more easily in these circumstances. Furthermore, with no powerful armed group opposing it, the Afghan government would be much less likely to collapse and potentially destabilize Pakistan, which is important for keeping nuclear weapons from proliferating into non-state hands.

Warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar returned to Kabul on May 4 after signing a peace deal with the Afghan government. (Reuters/Parwiz)

This strategy would solve one of the weaknesses in Barfield’s strategy by establishing peace with armed groups in exchange for control of their local areas, but how likely is it these armed groups will successfully reintegrate into the legitimate political process? Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, leader of the violent political party Hezb-i-Islami, recently attempted this exact transition. There are also reasons to believe some within the Taliban organization are at least willing to consider what is being offered in negotiations. This is perhaps why the members of ISIS in Afghanistan are mostly disaffected Taliban members. There is no way to know for sure why the former Taliban members defected, but several factors indicate that a willingness to negotiate for peace was important.

IF THE TALIBAN ARE TO BE INTEGRATED INTO THE POLITICAL PROCESS, BOTH THEY AND THE AFGHAN PEOPLE WILL NEED TO FIND A PATH TO RECONCILIATION.

The Taliban have attempted negotiations several times since 2001. Taliban leader Mullah Omar died in April of 2013, but top commanders kept it a secret. Writing under Mullah Omar’s name, these top commanders struck a conciliatory tone, advocating for an inclusive Islamic government in Afghanistan. In October 2014, five to six top commanders of the Taliban defected and subsequently pledged loyalty to ISIS. Predictably, the Taliban command claimed they were expelled from the group. Nine months later, the Taliban called for peace talks again. Therefore it seems reasonable that some attribute the rise of ISIS in Afghanistan to disgruntled former Taliban hardliners, and a willingness to negotiate is a likely source of these sentiments.

As is clear by the many failed attempts by the Taliban to negotiate peace, there are limitations to the feasibility of this move for many of the violent groups that forms its ranks. Consider some analogous circumstances. The most powerful violent insurgency group in Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), recently negotiated a peace deal with the government. Successfully transitioning to peace will be difficult, as many Colombians are still scarred from the violence they carried. Similarly, the Basque Homeland and Liberty (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna or ETA) separatist in Spain is attempting the same move, and the legacy of their violence is also an issue. Likewise, many Afghans remember the part Hekmatyar took in the shelling of Kabul during the civil war following the withdrawal of Soviet forces. Many Afghans will not soon forget the pain suffered at the hands of the various violent groups that fall under the aegis of the Taliban.

If the Taliban are to be integrated into the political process, both they and the Afghan people will need to find a path to reconciliation. It is theoretically possible to achieve a deal without this reconciliation, but whatever peace is achieved without it may be tenuous at best. Again, analogy might be useful. Rwanda is engaging in a justice and reconciliation process to deal with the legacies of their genocide. South Africa set up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to deal with the legacies of apartheid. Alternatively, Indonesia has set up no such commission or process, and their resultant peace has been much more tenuous and fragile.

It is also important to consider domestic opinion in the U.S., where the divergence between its interest and that of Afghanistan is perhaps clearest. Even if the Government of Afghanistan could reconcile with the Taliban, precarious as this would be given the support the U.S. must provide to sustain it, any negotiated settlement would be hugely unpopular domestically. Many would see it as surrendering to the enemy, leaving open a cynical but clear political opportunity. The unpopularity of working with the Taliban was on full display when the Obama Administration announced a prisoner swap with the Taliban that retrieved captured U.S. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. It is unlikely current or future U.S. presidents will be willing to expend the political capital necessary to make a negotiated settlement with the Taliban possible, especially considering the uncertainty of success.

IS A MITIGATED FAILURE WORTH CONSIDERING?

Considering all of the limitations of the above strategic alternatives, it should be considered what a mitigated failure would look like. A mitigated failure would probably include some or all of the following outcomes. First, traditionally Pashtun lands would be conceded to the Taliban, and the central government would maintain a tenuous control over other territories. The Taliban are strongest in Pashtun regions, but they have shown an ability to reach beyond these areas. Regions under strong Taliban control would be relatively peaceful, but fighting would remain intense in disputed areas. Pakistan would be keen to avoid this, much like the Turks wanting to resist an independent Kurdish state.

Pakistan’s position in Afghanistan has always been to maintain as much influence over their neighbor as possible. Prior to 9/11, the intelligence and military establishment in Pakistan had established close ties with Mullah Omar and the Taliban. However, Pakistan post 9/11 has been forced to align reluctantly against the Taliban. The Taliban now has bases of operation in Pakistan and it is not certain that a peaceful relationship could be established if they gain some control in Afghanistan at the expense of the government. The possibility of the Taliban gaining power in Afghanistan and looking for more influence east of the Durand Line is too great a risk.

WHAT DOES ABJECT FAILURE LOOK LIKE, AND HOW IS IT AVOIDED?

That leaves one final possibility: abject failure. This could happen if the international community loses patience with Afghanistan and cuts its losses, like the Trump Administration is perhaps considering. This certainly wouldn’t be the first time Afghanistan has been cut loose; there has been a pattern of countless such abandonments throughout history, like the Soviet withdrawal in 1989. Importantly, though, the international community has always decided to return. Afghanistan’s strategic importance to the rest of the world is significant, and modern forms of terrorism have compounded the effects of this strategic importance. This significance is evident in the many times that multiple empires have attempted to conquer it. Afghanistan is at the crossroads of the Middle East, Southern Asia, and Central Asia, and it continues to be a vital transit area for land-based commerce and gas and oil pipelines. There is no doubt that cutting strategic losses today might result in a strategic need to return a few decades, or even a few years, later.

CONCLUSION

Previous attempts to define victory in Afghanistan, and therefore advocate a strategy, have often considered various types of victory in isolation. However, the ideal end state for Afghanistan should be considered relative to the alternatives. A total victory is ideal, but needs to solve numerous enormous problems resulting from seemingly endless systemic conflicts. It would also require the greatest degree of political will sustained over the long-term. Furthermore, it is unlikely that the Taliban can be beaten militarily like they were in 2001. The government of Afghanistan and its allies could regain lost territory, but it is already a robust insurgency and terrorist organization; and these types of movements are rarely defeated militarily. Abject failure would be cost efficient in the short-term, but the resultant problems would increase costs over the long-term and would undermine U.S. national interests. A mitigated failure would likely have all the negative costs of abject failure, but with greater U.S. losses on the path to failure. Ultimately, total victory is ideal but highly unlikely. Abject and mitigated failures have long-term costs and endanger U.S. national interests. This leaves us with mitigated success and a negotiated settlement with the Taliban as the most prudent option.

A negotiated settlement would come with high political costs to whichever U.S. president decided to pursue it. However, these political costs would be lower than those required for a total victory. Furthermore, negotiations have mostly failed because there is no concerted effort or strategy to achieve it, just periodic opportunism. There’s no doubt this strategy would be highly unpopular and downright offensive to many Americans––especially veterans of the war. However, the question shouldn’t only be about its popularity; it should also be about its feasibility to bring about the end of America’s longest war.

The path of least resistance in Afghanistan is to contain the Taliban over the long-term. This starts with a continued focus on the building of commando and police capacity while reducing resources for the conventional Afghan National Army, because the Taliban are the problem rather than external invasion. The maintenance of a strategic alliance with the government of Afghanistan to deter foreign military interventions will allow the central government to focus on internal state building and reconciliation. The encouragement of smaller insurgent groups to negotiate transitions into the political process will enable reconciliation. Finally, seeking avenues to allow for a negotiated settlement with the Taliban, and integration into the political process if necessary, are critical.

The other victories mentioned above are certainly possible, but not at acceptable costs. A total victory––while appealing––would require extensive resources, in both blood and treasure, expended over an indeterminate amount of time. In 2012, a majority of Americans wanted to speed up the pace of the 2014 withdrawal. When the war started in 2001, about 90% of Americans said starting the war was not a mistake. Today, that number has decreased by about 40 points. No politician will have the political capital to commit the resources to a total victory. Other types of victories are more ideal and would be more popular, and despite the sentiment against the option, a negotiated settlement is not only more likely to happen in our lifetime, it’s also the most feasible outcome for success.

Adam Wunische is a U.S. Army veteran who has deployed twice to Afghanistan. He is also a PhD student at Boston College and a contributing analyst at Wikistrat


          Qatar’s ‘independent’ foreign policy will be costly        

Tuesday, August 1, 2017

The crisis in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has radically upset Doha’s foreign relations

Source: Oxford Analytica

Outlook

The Gulf crisis, which began on June 5 when four Arab states launched a sudden and comprehensive boycott of Qatar, has thrown the country’s regional relations into disarray. In an effort to placate its enemies without losing face, Doha will seek to curb financing of Islamist groups, tinker with Al Jazeera’s editorial guidelines and expel opposition activists from other Gulf states. It will prioritise ties with Washington as the best possible route to resolution.

However, Qatar’s enemies are determined to see a public end to its long-standing ‘independent’ foreign policy. They will likely fail to bring its actions into line with the GCC leaders, but could exact a high economic price.

Impacts

A protracted crisis could force Doha into uncomfortably close reliance on Tehran, deepening Gulf divisions.Qatar’s strategy of depending on US State Department advocacy might fall foul of US domestic political power shifts.Qatar’s enemies may call for regime change, but there are few available options short of unlikely military intervention.Foreign workers, many from South Asia, are the most vulnerable to the economic impact of the Gulf crisis


          CHIESA DI NOSTRA SIGNORA DEL ROSARIO – DOHA (QATAR)        
Cari amici, oggi vi racconterò di una mia recente visita alla chiesa di Nostra Signora del Rosario a Doha in Qatar. Doha è la capitale dello Stato del Qàtar, un emirato situato in una piccola penisola della grande penisola Arabica. Il Qatar confina a sud con l’Arabia Saudita ed è per il resto circondato dal […]
          Marc Márquez llega líder al ecuador del Campeonato        
Marc Márquez llega al ecuador del campeonato como líder de MotoGP con tres victorias en su palmarés y varios récords de precocidad ya batidos. El piloto de Cervera está reescribiendo la historia y algunos de los más grandes ya lo consideran una leyenda.
 Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP       
Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP
  

                    
Aunque nadie dudaba del buen papel de Márquez en su primer año de MotoGP, pocos hubieran apostado porque llegados al ecuador de la temporada, fuera líder del Mundial con 16 puntos de ventaja sobre Dani Pedrosa, 26 sobre Jorge Lorenzo y 46 sobre Valentino Rossi. Con 20 años recién cumplidos ya ha batido varios récords de precocidad en la categoría reina. En su debut en Qatar ya se convirtió en el piloto más joven en subir al podio en MotoGP, pero dos semanas después, en Texas, llegó el plato fuerte. Ya el sábado lograba la pole más tempranera en MotoGP y el domingo batía el mítico récord de Freddie Spencer, siendo el ganador más joven en la categoría reina con 20 años y 63 días; convirtiéndose de paso en el piloto más joven que vence en todas las categorías (la anterior marca la tenía Pedrosa con 20 años y 227 días). Y de regalo, el piloto más joven en liderar el Mundial de MotoGP. Con estos números, normal que muchos ya le hayan colocado el cartel de sucesor de Valentino Rossi, algo que para el italiano se le queda corto, «tiene todo el potencial para convertirse en el más grande de todos los tiempos y de ganar más que yo porque además de todo el talento que tiene es muy joven. Es pronto para decirlo todavía, pero tiene el 100 por cien de posibilidades de conseguirlo».
Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP
Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP

Márquez se ha llevado el simbólico título de «campeón de verano» con unos números de escándalo en los 9 primeros GG.PP: 3 victorias (Texas, Alemania y Estados Unidos), 8 podios (solo falló en Italia cuando se fue al suelo), 3 poles y 6 vueltas rápidas. Si sigue esta proyección, el título de MotoGP se lo llevará un «rookie», algo que solo ha ocurrido una vez en la vida: Kenny Roberts en 1978. «King Kenny» tiene claro que su marca será igualada esta temporada: «Marc le ha dado chispa al campeonato, lo que es fantástico. Tiene un enorme paso por curva e inclina un montón. Al principio yo tenía algunas dudas porque no es fácil mantener ese estilo sin tener ningún percance. Estos tíos están logrando unos grados de inclinación impresionantes. Con estas motos una salida por orejas no la olvidas con facilidad, es algo que se queda en tu subconsciente. Estar así de inclinado y retorcer el puño de gas sin dudarlo es algo que impresiona. Si es capaz de acabar la temporada como va ahora, será campeón. Para mí Marc puede cambiar todo MotoGP. Estoy muy sorprendido que con las tumbadas que se pega no haya salido más veces por orejas. En su mente no hay pensamientos que le hagan cortar».
Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP
Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP

Victoria en Laguna Seca

Para cualquier «rookie» que sube de Moto2, Laguna Seca es el GP más complicado del año, ya que cuenta con la desventaja de no haber corrido allí nunca. Pero no fue así para Márquez. El piloto de Cervera se aprendió el circuito en el primer libre del viernes, en el que fue tercero. A partir de ahí, dominó los otros tres entrenamientos y solo una caída en los cronometrados le privó de la pole. El domingo se convirtió en el primer novato en ganar en el trazado californiano y lo hizo además con un adelantamiento a Valentino en el Sacacorchos que ya es historia.
Los excampeones opinan sobre Marc Márquez
Los excampeones opinan sobre Marc Márquez

Sobre esta victoria, hablaba otro mito del motociclismo americano, Kevin Schwantz: «Es como un niño que tiene una confianza brutal y esa es la clave. Es algo que se nota cuando llega a sitios como Laguna Seca, que probablemente solo conocía por la Playstation. Esto no te prepara para tirarte Sacacorchos abajo, además de tener que lidiar con los extraños peraltes de las curvas de Laguna. Márquez parece un niño que va vuelta a vuelta. No creo que esté pensando en el campeonato o ni siquiera en la próxima carrera. Está simplemente enfrentándose a lo que le ponen en cada GP y para mí ésta es una de las claves de su personalidad. Además las tumbadas que hace son de enfermo, es muy valiente. Cuando corría, yo me solía sentir como un gigante, invencible. Pero muy rápido aprendí que no era así. Él es un jovenzuelo que está delante, ha ganado carreras y piensa que lo puede volver a hacer cada vez que lo necesite, y lo está demostrando».
Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP
Marc Márquez líder de MotoGP

El público americano, que ya lo conocía las diabluras por su victoria en Austin, le apodó «Shark Sharquez» (haciendo referencia a la palabra inglesa «shark», tiburón). Su carisma es indudable, lo mismo que su estilo encima de la moto, que dejó alucinado a uno de los pilotos más elegantes de la historia, Wayne Rainey. «A Márquez no le importa que la moto se mueva y da gusto verlo. ¿Si no dejas que la moto se mueva, cómo vas a saber lo que va a hacer? Marc va lo suficientemente rápido como para que la moto se retuerza y siempre he pensado que esa es la manera correcta de pilotar. Si se mueve, sabes realmente dónde está la moto en ese momento. Si la moto va como por raíles, entonces no estás yendo lo suficientemente rápido. Marc desborda ganas, juventud y talento. Realmente disfruta con todo lo que hace. Todo esto es un cóctel del demonio. Es el tío del futuro y será el gallito durante mucho tiempo. Me he fijado mucho en él durante el GP de Laguna. Es un poco más agresivo con los frenos y suele usar los dos neumáticos juntos más que los otros pilotos. Se fía muchísimo en el tacto que le transmite la moto a través de la electrónica. Es capaz de filtrar la electrónica y ver qué es lo que hace la moto».
Los adjetivos se agotan se para calificar el debut de Márquez en MotoGP. Récords de precocidad al margen, ya ha mejorado lo que hicieron Rossi, Pedrosa o Lorenzo en sus inicios; y podría rubricarlo si en el mes de noviembre se mantiene al frente de la clasificación y logra el título a la primera. Marc está en el camino de ser una leyenda.


          Declaraciones de los pilotos de MotoGP antes del GP de Indianápolis        
Los pilotos de MotoGP hablan antes de enfrentarse al circuito de Indianápolis, la décima prueba del Campeonato del Mundo de MotoGP.
Jorge Lorenzo (Yamaha)       
Jorge Lorenzo (Yamaha)
Jorge Lorenzo busca darlo todo en Indy
El de Indianápolis no es un circuito que se le de demasiado bien al mallorquín, pese a haber ganado en su pista hace cuatro años. Según qué zonas, el 'grip' varía, por ejemplo, en la zona interior del óvalo, donde no pasan los coches, hay muy poco agarre para la moto, pero aún así y a pesar de no estar totalmente recuperado,


 Jorge Lorenzo busca dar su máximo. "Estamos volviendo a los EE.UU. y al inicio del segundo semestre del año, que puede ser el más difícil. Tuve la oportunidad de descansar durante algunos días después de Laguna Seca y luego nos fuimos a Brno para hacer un test privado con Yamaha. Esos dos días me dieron la oportunidad de comprobar mi estado físico. Estoy un poco cansado, sobre todo porque después de dos caídas en Assen y Sachsenring no podía recuperar mucho y ahora tenemos que gestionar un largo período con tres carreras seguidas. Me siento mejor que en Laguna pero todavía necesitan tiempo para recuperarse al 100%, cosa que no va a ser fácil porque el calendario está hasta arriba y tenemos que luchar para no perder puntos. En cualquier caso, vamos a Indy a darlo todo a pesar de las circunstancias".
Marc Márquez (Honda)
Marc Márquez (Honda)

Marc Márquez siente la presión necesaria para mantener el nivel

Marc Márquez llega de subir el escalón más alto del podio de Assen y el actual líder del campeonato de MotoGP recibe Indianápolis con una ventaja de 16 puntos sobre Dani Pedrosa, dos veces ganador en Indianápolis, y 26 puntos sobre el actual campeón del mundo y ganador en Indianápolis en 2009, Jorge Lorenzo. El piloto leridano del Repsol Honda Team, que ha ganado las dos últimas carreras de Moto2 celebradas en este escenario, ha hablado sobre su sintonía con el trazado estadounidense "En general, me gusta el estilo americano, y me siento muy bien al venir a otro circuito de Estados Unidos, sobre todo a Indianápolis, donde he ganado los dos últimos años. Indianápolis siempre es especial por su historia. La pista es bastante particular y tienes que estar concentrado, sobre todo en los primeros entrenamientos"."El trazado tiene una de las rectas más largas del Campeonato. No sé si es el circuito más difícil para MotoGP porque nunca he corrido allí con una MotoGP, pero seguro que la velocidad punta puede ser de 340, 350 (km/h), más o menos". El rookie también aludió a la presión que sentirá al tener que defender su ventaja al frente de la clasificación en la segunda parte de campaña "Por el momento, el objetivo, la mentalidad, es completamente la misma que en la primera parte de la temporada. Por supuesto, siento un poco la presión porque estamos liderando el campeonato y hemos hecho muy buenas carreras. Así que sientes la presión que se necesita para mantener el nivel. Pero de todos modos, voy a tratar de prepararme y de mantener el nivel, pero nuestra mentalidad es totalmente igual que al comienzo de la temporada".
Valentino Rossi (Yamaha)
Valentino Rossi (Yamaha)

Valentino Rossi listo para el reto

Volviendo atrás, en el mismo escenario, Valentino Rossi era el tema recurrente durante el previo al GP de Indianápolis 2012, haciéndose público su paso de Ducati a Yamaha. Un año después, el 46 llega quinto a la pista estadounidense. "Tengo muy buenos recuerdos de Indianápolis y estoy feliz de estar de vuelta allí en mi M1, a pesar de que no es uno de mis circuitos favoritos. Necesitaba estas vacaciones para recargar las pilas, aunque tuvimos dos días de pruebas en el centro. Indianápolis será la primera de tres carreras consecutivas y será muy importante hacer buenos resultados en todas partes. Mi equipo y yo todavía tienen mucho trabajo por hacer en la M1 por lo tanto serán tres semanas muy exigentes, pero que me siento listo para el reto.” afirmó el italiano.
Dani Pedrosa (Honda)
Dani Pedrosa (Honda)

Pedrosa todavía no está plenamente recuperado del hombro

Dani Pedrosa ha revelado que no está totalmente recuperado de su fractura de clavícula, pero que se siente mucho más cómodo tras estas semanas de parón. El piloto del Repsol Honda Team se lesionó en una caída en el circuito de Sachsenring, tras la cual se vio obligado a perderse el Gran Premio de Alemania. Regresó en Laguna Seca, donde consiguió la quinta posición a pesar de competir muy condicionado por las molestias físicas. Desde entonces, su tiempo libre ha girado en torno a su recuperación. "Ha sido un buen parón veraniego y me encuentro físicamente mucho más fuerte" ha explicado Pedrosa este miércoles.
"He tenido tiempo para relajarme con algunos amigos y también para hacer mucha fisioterapia en mi hombro, para prepararme para esta segunda parte de la temporada. Ayer hice una revisión médica y pudimos ver que el hueso está más fuerte". "Todavía necesito algunas semanas más para recuperarse completamente, pero mis sensaciones ya son mucho mejores que en Laguna Seca. Es importante mantener la concentración, especialmente ahora que tenemos tres carreras seguidas. He logrado buenos resultados en Indy en los últimos años, disfruto corriendo allí y estoy impaciente por volver a subir a la moto y rodar a mi mejor nivel". Pedrosa encara por tanto la cita en el legendario Motor Speedway pendiente todavía de la evolución de su clavícula tras el reposo de las últimas semanas, pero con el aliciente de competir en un escenario donde se llevó la victoria en 2010 y 2012.
Nicky Hayden (Ducati)
Nicky Hayden (Ducati)

Dovizioso y Hayden se preparan para un intenso triplete

Para Nicky Hayden la cita de este fin de semana en Indianápolis es su carrera de casa por excelencia. El estadounidense se muestra deseoso de reanudar la batalla en el Campeonato, y especialmente motivado ante la tercera y última carrera de la temporada en su país. "Ha estado bien descansar un par de semanas, pero estoy deseando que llegue la segunda mitad de la temporada, espero que nos traiga algunos resultados mejores que la primera", ha indicado el Campeón del Mundo de 2006. "Estaré feliz de volver al garaje con mi moto y mi equipo. No tengo que decir lo especial que es Indy para mí, es bastante obvio que es mi verdadera carrera de casa"."El apoyo que recibí en Laguna por parte del público fue increíble y no espero  menos en Indy. Creo que la pista podría ser un poco mejor para nosotros que las dos últimas. Es un circuito un poco complicado con algunas curvas técnicas. Vamos a intentar salir con fuerza el viernes, hacer un fin de semana sólido y divertirnos un poco".
Dovizioso, que se unió al equipo Ducati a principios de 2013, cuenta con 16 puntos más que su compañero de equipo en la clasificación general."El circuito de Indianápolis es un poco extraño, con un asfalto que cambia de curva a curva, y es difícil para todos los pilotos", explica el italiano. "De hecho, hubo muchas caídas el año pasado. No estoy seguro de cómo puede ser con la Ducati, sin haber pilotado allí previamente con esta moto. Nunca he tenido mucha suerte allí en el pasado, aunque el año pasado terminé en el podio”.

Dirt Track para Espargaró y De Puniet para preparar Indy

Aleix Espargaró espera seguir con su excelente trayectoria, mientras Randy De Puniet está dispuesto a cambiar su suerte en la segunda mitad del curso. Los dos pilotos Power Electronics Aspar han recargado energías tras las nueve primeras carreras del curso.
Aleix Espargaró (ART)
Aleix Espargaró (ART)

El catalán ocupa actualmente el décimo puesto de la general provisional con 52 puntos. "La primera mitad del año resultó excepcional, me divertí mucho pilotando y los resultados fueron mejores de lo que esperábamos. Este año hemos tenido un poco más de tiempo para desconectar durante el verano. Las dos primeras semanas aproveché para descansar y la última volví al gimnasio y a mi rutina de entrenamiento para llegar a Indianápolis a punto". "La carrera de la temporada pasada en Indianápolis fue muy positiva, a pesar de que no logramos imponernos en CRT. Ya tengo ganas de empezar a trabajar de nuevo, e intentar lograr los mismos resultados que en las nueve primeras carreras. Indianápolis es una pista variable, con distintos tipos de asfaltos, con algunos puntos del circuito que deslizan bastante. Es un trazado bonito, en el que siempre disfruto mucho pilotando. El año pasado completamos un buen fin de semana, espero que este sea igual".

Para De Puniet ha sido más duro de lo esperado, pero está dispuesto a seguir trabajando para cambiar su suerte. "Durante el verano he podido reposar y reponerme de la primera parte del curso, un poco complicada. Aun así he entrenado bastante". "En Laguna Seca tuvimos un problema técnico, de modo que cuando lleguemos a Indianápolis averiguaremos de qué se trataba para intentar empezar el fin de semana por buen camino".
Ben Spies (Ducati)
Ben Spies (Ducati)

Ben Spies prepara su vuelta a la competición

Después de muchos meses de espera, Ben Spies estará de vuelta al Campeonato del Mundo de MotoGP en Indianápolis, justo en el inicio de la segunda mitad de la temporada de MotoGP. En un largo proceso de recuperación de una lesión en el hombro izquierdo que sufrió en el Gran Premio de Malasia de 2012, que ya provocó su prematuro fin de dicha temporada. Otra dura caída sufrida en Qatar no hizo sino reproducir  dicha lesión, hasta que el tremendo dolor le hizo bajarse de la moto en Texas. Tras un duro trabajo de rehabilitación el americano se siente listo para la vuelta a la competición. "Necesitaba seguir el consejo de los doctores. Hemos estado trabajando duro, seis días a la semana. En Indy estaré ya al 100%. Me siento bien, es la primera vez que no siento dolor. Mi temporada realmente comenzará la próxima semana en Indianápolis".

                   
          Qatar Airways inicia acuerdos de código compartido con LATAM         
Por Ricardo J. Delpiano

Qatar Airways LATAM Airlines (Cias Aereas)
Foto: Cías aéreas
Como parte del fortalecimiento de las relaciones y la generación de sinergias entre ambas empresas, Qatar Airways y LATAM Airlines implementaron desde el 1º de agosto un nuevo acuerdo de código compartido, inicialmente orientado a fortalecer la conectividad en Brasil. El mecanismo puede considerarse como punto de partida en la operación conjunta de ambas compañías, especialmente tras el ingreso de la aerolínea qatarí a la propiedad de la compañía chilena y las perspectivas de expansión que tiene en la región.

Según informa Qatar Airways, el acuerdo establece códigos compartidos en las rutas que LATAM posee desde Sao Paulo (GRU) hacia 25 ciudades al interior de Brasil, incluyendo Río de Janeiro (GIG), Salvador de Bahía, Campo Grande, Foz de Iguazú, Recife, entre otras.

Como resultado, LATAM será la encargada de proporcionar conectividad a través de Sao Paulo (GRU) con los vuelos diarios que Qatar Airways realiza a Doha y desde ahí un número significativo de destinos en todo el mundo, especialmente en el Lejano Oriente, India, Oceanía, África y el Medio Oriente. En Brasil, LATAM es el mayor operador con una red conformada por 44 destinos nacionales gestionada desde Sao Paulo (GRU) como otros aeropuertos en el país.

“Este acuerdo de código compartido entre Qatar Airways y LATAM Airlines Brasil fortalece los lazos futuros entre Brasil y Qatar. Nosotros hemos sido testigos de la creciente demanda entre los países de América del Sur y Qatar y más allá. Nuestro acuerdo no sólo satisface esa demanda sino que provee un servicio de valor para nuestros pasajeros en Doha y desde decenas de destinos en todo el mundo”, dice Su Excelencia Akbar Al Baker, CEO de Qatar Airways. “Con este nuevo acuerdo, más de la mitad de los destinos domésticos de LATAM en Brasil son accesibles para los clientes que vuelan en Qatar Airways”.

El acuerdo complementa y anticipa la nueva expansión que Qatar Airways está desarrollando en la región tanto con sus operaciones de pasajeros como en la red de carga. No se descarta que a medida que las operaciones se amplíen esta asociación podría ampliarse hacia otros países como parte de un proceso natural en las relaciones de las dos líneas aéreas.

Qatar Airways comenzó a volar a Brasil en el año 2010 con un servicio diario en la ruta Doha – Sao Paulo (GRU) – Buenos Aires (EZE), inicialmente con equipos Boeing 777-200LR, que posteriormente reemplazó con la versión -300ER de mayor capacidad. A partir de fines de enero de 2018, la compañía comenzará a operar su nueva ruta a Río de Janeiro (GIG) con continuación a Santiago.

En rutas de carga, la aerolínea ha ampliado su red con vuelos a Sao Paulo, Buenos Aires (EZE) y Quito, cuyas operaciones favorecen la importación y exportaciones de productos con el Medio oriente y Asia, brindando nuevas oportunidades para el desarrollo del comercio.

Además de ser miembros de oneworld, LATAM y Qatar Airways han iniciado un camino de cooperación de largo plazo con miras a fortalecer sus respectivos negocios a través de la generación de nuevos mecanismos de conectividad y sinergias de distinta índole, ambos gestionados desde su liderazgo a nivel regional y global. Qatar Airways es propietaria del 10% de LATAM Airlines Group desde diciembre de 2016, operación financiera aprobada previamente en agosto de ese año por una junta extraordinaria de accionistas.

A pesar del bloqueo impuesto por algunos países árabes vecinos, Qatar Airways continúa desarrollando sus operaciones a nivel global con normalidad tras algunos ajustes necesarios. Recientemente, la línea aérea ha incorporado a su creciente red destinos como Dublín (Irlanda), Skopje (Macedonia), Praga (Rep. Checa), Sohar (Omán) y Kiev (Ucrania), entre otros. También ha anunciado un incremento de operaciones hacia Irán como fórmula para compensar el bloqueo en el Reino de Arabia Saudita aprovechando el potencial que ofrece el país persa.

          Air France – KLM, Delta, Virgin Atlantic y China Eastern fortalecen su relación con compras y la propuesta de un nuevo JBA        
Por Ricardo J. Delpiano

Air France, KLM, Delta, Virgin Atlantic, China Eastern (Air France)
Foto: Air France - KLM
En lo que se considera un escalamiento en el nivel de consolidación, Air France – KLM, Delta, Virgin Atlantic y China Eastern han anunciado una serie de movimientos financieros y comerciales, con los cuales buscan profundizar sus relaciones existentes además de fortalecer su negocio frente a una creciente competencia global.

Se trata de dos acciones separadas pero insertas dentro de un mismo objetivo. La primera es la compra que Air France – KLM realizará a Virgin Group por el 31% de Virgin Atlantic por un valor de 220 millones libras esterlinas (US$287 millones), acción que será seguida por la compra por parte de Delta del 10% de Air France – KLM por un valor de €375 millones (US$437 millones). En paralelo, China Eastern también adquirirá otro 10% del holding franco-holandés. De acuerdo con Air France – KLM, la compra de Delta y China Eastern permitirán inyectar €751 millones a su caja.

La segunda acción es la propuesta de un nuevo Joint Business Agrement (JBA, por sus siglas inglés) entre Air France – KLM, Delta y Virgin Atlantic en las rutas del Atlántico Norte. Respaldado por el movimiento financiero del grupo franco-holandés en la aerolínea británica, la posible nueva alianza ampliará el JBA existente que incluye a Alitalia.

“La combinación de los joint venture existentes entre Air France – KLM, Delta y Alitalia, y en segundo lugar entre Delta y Virgin Atlantic, en un solo joint venture marca la expansión y el reforzamiento de uno de los modelos de asociación más avanzados de la industria de la aviación”, destaca Air France – KLM.

“El dinámico panorama global significa que es más importante que nunca para Delta profundizar los lazos con nuestros socios globales para proporcionar oportunidades para el crecimiento mutuo”, dice Ed Bastian, CEO de Delta. “Reunir las fuerzas de Delta, Air France-KLM y Virgin Atlantic en un joint venture combinado creará la asociación transatlántica de elección para los clientes”.

La ampliación del JBA ofrecerá casi 300 vuelos transatlánticos diarios sin escalas y horarios de vuelos coordinados a disposición de los clientes. De esta manera, todos los viajeros se beneficiarán de las acciones conjuntas que todas las líneas aéreas realizarían, incluyendo los accesos a importantes aeropuertos hub a ambos lados del Atlántico, beneficiando de esta manera a la conectividad global.

Para Air France – KLM el nuevo esquema de asociación permitirá consolidar su posición en el Atlántico Norte y en los mercados de Europa, con una red de rutas poderosa articulada a través de los centros de conexiones Ámsterdam, Atlanta, Boston, Cincinnati, Detroit, Los Ángeles, Londres (LHR), Minneapolis St. Paul, Nueva York (JFK), París (CDG), Salt Lake City y Seattle. Con todos los vuelos coordinados, el grupo franco-holandés podrá manejar la oferta de acuerdo a los cambios en la demanda ofreciendo a los clientes una propuesta de rutas sin comparación. Uno de los mayores beneficios, será el acceso al mercado de Londres a través de la coordinación de las ventas, la participación en Virgin Atlantic y compartir ganancias.

Delta dice que este nuevo JBA está alineado con las inversiones que ha venido realizado para aumentar su presencia internacional con asociaciones de distinto nivel con compañías estratégicas en distintas partes del mundo. “Durante la última década, las alianzas globales de Delta han impulsado un crecimiento internacional significativo”, señala Steve Sear, vicepresidente ejecutivo de Ventas Globales de Delta. “A medida que desarrollemos estas asociaciones, nuestra capacidad de alinear redes, ventas y otras iniciativas comerciales y operacionales proporcionará beneficios aún mayores para nuestros clientes y empleados.”

El JBA entre Air France – KLM y Delta viene desde 2009 y es uno de los más importantes de la industria a nivel global. En 2010, se incorporó Alitalia fortaleciendo aún más esta asociación. En 2012, la línea aérea con base en Atlanta lanzó una asociación con Virgin Australia, seguida en 2013 con la compra del 49% y un JBA con Virgin Atlantic. En 2015, Delta adquirió el 3,5% de China Eastern y en 2017, logró poner en marcha el JBA con Aeroméxico, en la que participa con un 49% del capital. Continuando con su estrategia, Delta anunció un JBA con Korean Air para las rutas transpacíficas y tiene una participación en la brasilera GOL con un 9,5% de la propiedad.

Si el JBA ampliado es aprobado por las autoridades regulatorias de todos los países Air France, Delta y Virgin Atlantic, conformarán una poderosa alianza que rivalizará con IAG (Aer Lingus, British Airways, Iberia, Vueling y Level) y su JBA con American Airlines y Finnair, además del JBA trasatlántico que Lufthansa Group (Lufthansa, Brussels Airlines, Swiss, Austrian) posee con United Airlines y Air Canada. Los cambios son también una forma para enfrentar el avance de las líneas aéreas de bajo costo y tarifas bajas (LCC) en rutas medias como Norwegian o WOW Air.

Si bien China Eastern no participa del JBA, no se descarta que en un futuro cercano esta importante compañía china también pueda ser incluida en alguna asociación de estas características. Mientras tanto, el fortalecimiento de las relaciones con Air France – KLM permitirá a este último mejorar su presencia y exposición en el mercado chino, compitiendo en un nivel superior con las tres grandes del Medio Oriente (Emirates, Etihad y Qatar Airways) que en los últimos años le han generado un impacto no menor.

Los movimientos financieros multilaterales como complementos de las asociaciones reflejan como las compañías aéreas están avanzando en crear relaciones a largo plazo, que por los compromisos adoptados brindan seguridad a los clientes quienes se benefician de las sinergias, cooperación y coordinación en todos los aspectos relacionados del viaje. La decisión de avanzar en los JBA es una clara demostración de que este mecanismo de asociación está resultando ser mucho más conveniente para las partes, ya que sin comprometer capital ni estructuras de las empresas, generan beneficios iguales o superiores a los de una fusión.

          Estados Unidos pone fin al “baneo electrónico” para las líneas aéreas del Medio Oriente        
Por Ricardo J. Delpiano

Emirates uso de Wi-Fi-onboard (Emirates)
Foto: Emirates 
Tan rápido como su imposición pareciera estar siendo su retiro. Desde esta semana, la mayoría de las líneas aéreas del Medio Oriente afectadas por la prohibición de Estados Unidos para transportar equipos electrónicos personales en vuelos hacia ese país, han comenzado a verse liberadas de la medida lo que se traduce en una normalización de los viajes aéreos.

De esta manera, los pasajeros de Etihad, Emirates, Egyptair, Kuwait Airways, Qatar Airways, Royal Jordanian y Turkish Airlines, que vuelen desde su país hacia cualquier punto de los Estados Unidos podrán llevar sus laptops, tablets y cámaras fotográficas en su equipaje de mano como ocurre en cualquier otro vuelo.

En marzo, el Departamento de Seguridad Nacional de los Estados Unidos (DHS, por sus siglas en inglés) prohibió a partir del día 21 el transporte en cabina de artículos electrónicos personales más grandes que un teléfono móvil desde 10 aeropuertos que cuentan con vuelos directos y/o sin escalas hacia algún punto de los Estados Unidos. Entre los ítems incluidos figuraban los computadores personales, tablets, E-books, reproductores de DVD, cámaras fotográficas y videojuegos, por lo que debían ser transportados en el equipaje chequeado en bodega. Los aeropuertos incluidos en la medida correspondían a los de las ciudades de Ammán (Jordania), Casablanca (Marruecos), Estambul (Turquía), Doha (Qatar), El Cairo (Egipto), Kuwait (Kuwait), Jeddah, Riyadh (Reino de Arabia Saudita), Dubái y Abu Dhabi (Emiratos Árabes Unidos).

La decisión causó molestia no sólo entre los viajeros sino que también en el rubro de las líneas aéreas y entidades asociadas a los viajes, por los efectos que generaría en la industria, en el turismo en los Estados Unidos y por ser una especie de competencia desleal entre las líneas aéreas.

En su momento, Alexandre De Juniac, director general y CEO de la Asociación de Transporte Aéreo Internacional (IATA), dijo que esas medidas â€œno son una solución aceptable en largo plazo independiente de la amenaza que se desee mitigar. Incluso en el corto plazo es difícil entender su efectividad”. Preguntaba a los Gobiernos de Estados Unidos y Reino Unido “¿cómo pueden ser peligrosos los aparatos electrónicos portátiles en algunos vuelos y en otros no, incluyendo vuelos que salen de los mismos terminales aéreos?”, sentenciando que dicha situación “no era aceptable y no mantendrá la confianza de la industria o de los viajeros”.

Los países afectados y sus líneas aéreas celebran el retorno a la normalidad de sus viajes. El ministro de Aviación de Egipto, Sherif Fathy, ha señalado que la decisión para su país es el resultado de la cooperación entre el aeropuerto Internacional del Cairo, los empleados de EgyptAir y las autoridades de los Estados Unidos.

En los Emiratos Árabes Unidos, Emirates declara que ha trabajado duro en coordinación con varios miembros de la industria de la aviación y con las autoridades locales para aplicar rigurosas medidas de seguridad y protocolos que permitan cumplir con los requerimientos de las nuevas medidas de seguridad del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional de Estados Unidos para todos los vuelos con destino Estados Unidos. “Nos gustaría expresar nuestra gratitud a los Estados Unidos y las autoridades locales por su apoyo y agradecer a nuestros clientes por su comprensión y paciencia durante los últimos meses, en los que la prohibición ha estado en vigor”.

Turkish Airlines, la principal línea aérea turca y única con servicios hacia los Estados Unidos, emitió una alerta de viajes en forma inmediata tras ser notificada de la decisión del país norteamericano. “Si estás viajando hacia los Estados Unidos desde el aeropuerto Atatürk de Estambul, puedes llevar todos tus aparatos electrónicos personales a bordo”.

Del mismo modo, Abdelhamid Addou, CEO de Royal Air Maroc, declaró que la prioridad absoluta de su compañía es la seguridad de los pasajeros y su comodidad a bordo. “Esperemos que esta noticia sea un motivo de satisfacción para nuestros clientes que viajan hacia Estados Unidos”.

Saudia espera que la medida se levante hacia el 19 de julio, una vez que las autoridades competentes aprueben las nuevas medidas de seguridad en los aeropuertos del Reino como Riyadh o Jeddah.

A pesar de que Estados Unidos está levantando la medida, el llamado “baneo electrónico” continúa aún en el caso del Reino Unido para vuelos que salgan desde Egipto, El Líbano, el Reino de Arabia Saudita, Jordania, Turquía y Túnez.

Si bien las autoridades de Estados Unidos han indicado que la medida impuesta en marzo se justificada sólo por motivos de seguridad y que esta no guardaba relación con las demandas de American Airlines, Delta o United tienen contra las grandes líneas aéreas del golfo Pérsico (ME3), las compañías más afectadas fueron Emirates, Etihad y Qatar Airways, así como Turkish Airlines, por la cantidad de rutas y frecuencias que poseen desde sus respectivos países.

El DHS no ha precisado las razones que justifican el fin de la restricción de equipos electrónicos en cabina. Sólo ha señalado que responde a las mejoras en la revisión de seguridad en los aeropuertos las que deben ser comprobadas por las autoridades estadounidenses. Para Estados Unidos, el fin del “baneo electrónico” no significa que la amenaza haya sido neutralizada ya que sigue latente. David Lapan, vocero del DHS, dice que todas las líneas aéreas con vuelos hacia los Estados Unidos deberán contar con un mejor sistema de seguridad en el último punto antes de llegar al país, si es que no querrán verse afectadas por un “baneo electrónico”.

Para el secretario de Seguridad Nacional de los Estados Unidos, John Kelly, la aviación comercial es “el blanco” de los terroristas y por lo mismo ha anunciado nuevos requisitos de seguridad para todos los vuelos internacionales. Estos incluyen mayores revisiones a pasajeros y a sus equipos electrónicos personales, mayor protección alrededor de los aviones y en áreas estériles en 280 aeropuertos de 105 países, además de la posibilidad de establecer puntos de pre-admisión fuera de los Estados Unidos.

El DHS y la Agencia de Seguridad del Transporte (TSA) han señalado que trabajarán con las compañías aéreas y autoridades de aviación de cada país para asegurar que estas medidas de seguridad mejoradas se implementen completamente. Estados Unidos advierte que de no implementarse estos requisitos los países, sus compañías aéreas corren el riesgo de que se impongan restricciones adicionales. 

          Raj Prem – Will Open Art Gallery in Qatar        
In collaboration with his company Raj Prem Fine Art Photography, Prem's exhibitions have continually drawn fans from across the world for highly successful galleries.
          Raj Prem – Reveals Upcoming Art Gallery in Qatar        
With an eye for evocative pieces and a talent for presenting his collections, Raj Prem has staged more than 100 exhibitions over the course of his 24-year career.
          Raj Prem Reveals Plans To Open Qatar Art Gallery        
In collaboration with his company Raj Prem Fine Art Photography, Prem's exhibitions have continually drawn fans from across the world for highly successful galleries.
          Raj Prem – Reveals His Campaign for an Art Gallery in Qatar        
With an eye for evocative pieces and a talent for presenting his collections, Prem has staged more than 100 exhibitions over the course of his 24-year career.
          Dünyanın En Ä°yi Havayolu: “Qatar Airways”        
Qatar Airways, dünyanın en önde gelen havayolu şirketleri arasında gösterilmektedir. Arap yarımadası ülkelerinden ya da başka bir ifadeyle körfez ülkelerinden Katar’ın ulusal bayrak taşıyıcı havayolu şirketi olan Qatar Airways, dünyanın en zengin 3 havayolu şirketinden biri konumundadır. Katar’ın başkenti Doha’da şirket merkezi bulunan Qatar Airways, uluslar arası uçuşlarının çok büyük bir kesimini bu merkez üzerinden […]
          Dəmir yolları sərnişinlərə endirim kuponu hədiyyə edir        
Azərbaycan dəmir yolları sərnişinləri artıq hər bir istiqamətə alacaqları biletdən faydalana bilərlər. Belə ki, istər ölkədaxili, istər beynəlxalq istiqamətdə hərəkət edən sərnişin qatarlarına, istərsə də Bakı-Sumqayıt elektrik qatarına əldə edilən biletlərə Referans Klinik Laboratoriya Mərkəzi və LOR Hospitalın 25% – lik endirim kuponu təqdim edilir. Qeyd edək ki, Referans Klinik Laboratoriya Mərkəzinin əsas məqsədlərindən biri […]
          Syrian refugee regional plan remains 91% underfunded: UN        

Geneva: Two UN organisations on Tuesday warned of low funding for their ongoing support operations for Syrian refugees.

A statement released by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the UN Development Programme (UNDP) in Geneva said of a $4.63 billion pledge made in January, only $433 million or nine per cent funding has so far been achieved, Efe news reported.

"The situation is getting desperate," said UN High Commissioner for Refugees in a statement. "we are already seeing children who aren`t able to go to school, families who cannot access adequate shelter or provide for their basic needs."

The statement coincided with a gathering of world players in Brussels for the Conference on Supporting the Future of Syria and the Region.

As the Syrian conflict entered its seventh year, there were over five million Syrian refugees living in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey, in addition to those who have made the dangerous journey to Europe and farther.

The statement said that overall, some 13.5 million people were in need of assistance, including 6.3 million within Syria itself.

The UN statement said that "without additional funding, all areas of assistance will be curtailed this year. Food and cash assistance will be reduced or cut by mid-year, challenging stability and security in the region."

The note also warned that with most Syrian refugees falling below national poverty lines, families would face the impossible choice of taking their children out of school, adding to the half a million children already missing out on education.

The international conference slated for Tuesday and Wednesday in Brussels is co-presided by the European Union, the UN, Germany, Kuwait, Norway, Qatar and the UK.

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          QGBC seminar encourages increased innovation in Qatar’s construction sector        

In the wake of the nation’s construction boom, Qatar Green Building Council (QGBC), a member of Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (QF), and the Pakistan Engineers Forum (PEF), hosted a joint seminar exploring innovation opportunities and challenges in Qatar’s construction sector. 

The event, which took place this week at Qatar Foundation, was attended by more than 50 construction practitioners and sustainability experts. The seminar supported QF’s objective to ensure cutting-edge, environmentally sustainable infrastructure, and QGBC’s commitment to working in collaboration with key stakeholders to encourage innovation and entrepreneurial thinking.

Addressing the gathered experts, Engineer Meshal Al Shamari, Director of Qatar Green Building Council, said: “QGBC is focused on promoting green practice across Qatar’s construction sector so we were delighted to host this conversation between sustainability experts, innovators and building specialists. We are committed to helping the nation deliver the Qatar National Vision 2030, and our discussions highlighted some interesting ideas and themes for reform and growth.”

Qatar Green Building Council seminar 2 [qatarisbooming.com].jpgAsfandiar Ansari, President of the Pakistani Engineers Forum, highlighted the importance of organisations working together to achieve common objectives: “The Pakistan Engineers Forum was established in 1997 with the main objective to disseminate knowledge within the community. Since knowledge knows no boundaries, we joined hands in our knowledge sharing efforts with key engineering organisations in Qatar like QGBC. The informative discussions at this event enable our members to connect with others and generate new insights into the construction industry in Qatar. We would like to thank QGBC for providing a great networking opportunity for our members.”

Among Qatar’s large construction projects over the coming decade are Qatar Rail, the FIFA 2022 World Cup stadia, Msheireb Downtown Doha and Lusail Real Estate Development amongst many more. Dr Alex Amato, Head of Sustainability at QGBC, added: “Innovation opportunities in the construction sector are abundant. The real question we need to answer is, ‘to what extent is innovation and research encouraged in this sector?’ As part of our efforts to encourage innovation and research in the construction sector, QGBC has brought together members of the construction industry to conduct vital innovative research as part of its landmark project the Qatar Case Study Passivhaus. The project is now undergoing the research phase and is aimed at reducing energy consumption by half.”

Qatar Green Building Council seminar 3 [qatarisbooming.com].jpgEngineer Mohamed Al-Sada, Chairman of Gulf Scientific Gateway, focused on the important role of entrepreneurs in encouraging innovation in the construction sector. He said: “Qatar’s current regulations and laws help entrepreneurs and innovators in many ways. However, they do not adequately address the main challenge facing new entrepreneurs in Qatar, which is capturing market gains while competing with existing market giants. We hope that we will witness further modifications in this regard.”

Dr Azhar Iqbal, Managing Director of Gulf Scientific Gateway, offered a potential solution. His presentation suggested that increased innovation and the introduction of new concepts to the construction industry will help minimise competition between new entrants and established market leaders. The event featured another informative presentation by Dr Uvais Qidwai, Associate Professor of Computer Science at Qatar University that highlighted the challenges innovators face in Qatar and how old innovations can provide answers to the modern age challenges.

He explained: “New concepts such as Zero Energy Design housing or the Passivhaus will encourage innovative thinking in Qatar’s market by pushing both the new entrants and existing giants to join forces and work together for their mutual benefit.” QGBC is a non-profit, membership-driven organisation dedicated to advocating green building solutions, leading industry research, as well as promoting sustainable practice in the community. QGBC offers membership opportunities to organisations, individuals and students who demonstrate support for QNV 2030 and showcase passion for environmental sustainability.

For more information about QGBC, please visit: www.qatargbc.org. 

Qatar Airways Baku 728x90

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          Obama Dropped the Ball on Economic Freedom        

President Obama presided over one of America’s darkest, anti-capitalist, pro-federal government administrations in decades. The federal expansion of power was at levels only previously seen perhaps since the Great Society of LBJ or the New Deal programs under FDR.

Obama hindered the ability for American ingenuity to grow with his countless regulations, executive orders, higher taxes, and all around harsh and un-American treatment of the private sector. Now to some, this may seem like a step in the right direction; it’s not. America is no longer the free, capitalistic, liberty orientated land our founding fathers dreamed of and worked tirelessly to achieve.

In fact, we have been losing freedom for a long time. Every year, several studies are published that grade the economic freedom of almost every country on Earth. These studies show the same thing, American economic freedom and prosperity is not what it used to be, and it was increasingly getting worse.

The most recent Fraser Institute Index of the Economic Freedom of the World, a report put together by a consortium of think tanks, has the United States ranked 16th in the world with a score of 7.75 out of 10. The Heritage Foundation’s 2017 Index of Economic Freedom ranked the United States as the 17th which Heritage categorized as mostly free.

These rankings take into account factors that affect the free being of the country's citizens like property rights, government integrity, free trade, monetary freedoms, tax burdens, and the regulatory state.

Relatively, these rankings don’t seem too disgraceful, but only 10 years ago, the same studies ranked the United States as the 5th most economically free nation. In the year 2000, the United States was ranked 2nd, just behind Hong Kong.

But once Obama took office, in his first year, the United States fell to 9th. By the start of his second term, the United States was down to 13th, putting countries ahead of us like Singapore, United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Chile, the UK, Jordan, UAE, Qatar and many others.

In these reports, the drop in ranking is attributed to the Obama administration's increase in regulation, government spending, bureaucratic cronyism, and liberal policies that increasingly enriched the wealthy while economically costing middle class, average Americans trillions of dollars.

America, the country that was once a bastion of freedom for those across the world stuck under economically oppressive and restrictive governments has now started to join those ranks, or was at least headed in that direction under Obama.

American’s have caught on though, and the 2016 election was an eye opener to the DC swamp. Republicans took control of the House, the Senate, the Presidency, Governorships, and a majority of state seats in the 2017 election season.

The great, hardworking citizens of the America realized that the ideals of freedom, capitalism, liberty, and economic prosperity were being taken away by President Obama and his bureaucrats.

Congressional Republicans now hold a majority of seats due to campaigns that ran almost unanimously on platforms dedicated to repealing the vast federal overreach of Obama’s administration, they need to keep their word and get to work.

President Trump is nearing his first half year as President after running on a campaign dedicated to stopping the federal intrusion into Americans daily lives. Trump promised jobs, economic freedom, law and order, tax reform, and ObamaCare repeal, but Congress needs to take part in the responsibility to enacting this robust agenda.

As of now, Congress has still yet to pass an ObamaCare repeal or replacement. Fundamental tax reform has been discussed, but no real action has been taken on the floor. Bill’s like Sen. Rand Paul’s REINS Act have been proposed to limit federal regulation in the future, but haven’t been passed. It is these sort of bills Congress needs to prioritize and pass to get America moving in the direction of economic freedom.

President Trump has kept his promises of repealing regulations, approved the Dakota Access and Keystone pipelines, while also beginning to pull back Obama era federal land grabs to spark the energy sector once again. He has signed air traffic privatization reforms, and the Paris Climate Agreement, and cut federal agency budgets and staff.

The opportunity is there to fix Obama’s mess. Congress needs to do its part in returning America back to the great, free nation we so long held the title of, and they need to support President Trump’s robust agenda in order to move America in that direction of the world’s most economically free and prosperous nation.


          Mondial 2017 | Jusqu’à 12,3 millions de téléspectateurs sur TF1 !        
Nouveau record d’audience pour les Bleus hier après-midi sur TF1 avec 8,7 millions de téléspectateurs en moyenne et un pic à 12,3 millions de personnes ! Les Experts n’ont certes pas battu l’audience de la précédente finale du mondial au Qatar il y a deux ans (9,1 millions de téléspectateurs en moyenne, et un pic à […]
          Mondial 2017 | Le spot de pub à 115.000€ pour la finale        
La finale du Mondial, qui se jouera dimanche en fin d’après-midi (17h30) sera retransmise en direct sur TF1 (et sur BeIN Sports). La chaîne privée espère réaliser un nouveau record d’audience après le précédent record il y a deux ans au Qatar. Habituel diffuseur des Bleus du foot, le groupe TF1 se prend de passion […]
          Mondial 2017 | La Slovénie veut faire un coup        
La Slovénie, à l’image de la Norvège, de la Hongrie ou du Qatar, fait partie de ces équipes qu’on n’attendait pas forcément à pareille fête dans ce championnat du monde. Mais elle espère bien pouvoir bousculer la hiérarchie, une fois de plus. Après sa quatrième place en Espagne en 2013, la Slovénie retrouve le dernier […]
          Gulf row: Qatar offers visa-free entry to 80 nationalities, Pakistan excluded        

Qatar, isolated by its neighbours in a diplomatic crisis, on Wednesday introduced a visa-free entry programme for 80 nationalities to stimulate air transport and tourism. “The visa exemption sch­eme will make Qatar the most open country in the region,” tourism department official Hassan al-Ibrahim told a news conference in Doha. Interior ministry official Mohamed Rashed [...]

The post Gulf row: Qatar offers visa-free entry to 80 nationalities, Pakistan excluded appeared first on Baaghi TV Pakistan.


          This Is Qatar – Spanish Nike SB Team Trailer By Enrique Mayor        

More and more and more videos and I’m loving it. Enrique Mayor sent me this video link this morning, a teaser for the upcoming release in January 2010. The video documents the skaters from the Nike SB Spanish team on their trip earlier this year to Doha, Qatar which is a bit different than the […]

The post This Is Qatar – Spanish Nike SB Team Trailer By Enrique Mayor appeared first on Europeskate.


          Qatar Digital Library Preserves The Music Of A Vanishing Past        
The songs our grandparents sang can tell us who we are. Here in the U.S., the Lomax family became famous in the 1930s, when they recorded America's folk music.

In other countries that are changing fast, people are also trying to hold onto their heritage. The tiny, super-rich state of Qatar takes pride in its modernity, with its gleaming skyscrapers and lucrative gas fields.

          Paket Umroh Februari 2017 ~ Nuansa Indah Kota Suci        
paket umroh februari 2017
paket umroh februari 2017


Merencanakan  umroh untuk mendaftar di paket umroh Februari 2017 / Jumadil Awal 1438 H . Jika anda sedang mencari paket umroh februari 2017  kami sudah membuka pendaftaran untuk  membantu perjalanan ibadah umroh anda beserta keluarga. Dalam memilih paket umroh februari 2017 yang harus di perhatikan dalam memutuskan rencana keberangkatan adalah paket perjalanan ibadah umroh yang tentunya dapat menyesuaikan  dengan kebutuhan jamaah yang sekiranya cocok dalam pengertian untuk fasilitas harga, hotel, dan juga maskapai penerbangan nya.  Di dalam rangkaian paket umroh februari 2017  ada banyak pilihan tanggal keberangkatan yang  sudah dapat di persiapkan oleh para calon tamu Allah. Umroh Februari 2017 ada beberapa pilihan untuk maskapi penerbangan diantaranya Garuda, Saudi Airline, Etihad, Qatar, Air Asia, Lion. Fasilitas akomodasi penginapan Hotel sudah di bundle dalam umroh februari 2017 adalah Hotel bintang 3, bintang 4 & bintang 5. Silahkan di sesuaikan dengan pilihan anda untuk pelayanan kami pada umroh februari 2017

 Menunaikan Ibadah Umroh  mempunyai  relevansi  untuk peningkatan ibadah spiritual yang  sangat substansial karena dalam rangkaian rukun umroh adalah  termasuk dalam rukun haji. Minat Muslim khusus nya di negara Indonesia untuk mendaftarkan umroh februari 2017  semakin meniningkat di karenakan lamanya daftar tunggu untuk dapat kuota keberangkatan Haji. Pendaftaran untuk paket umroh februari 2017 sudah bisa di persiapkan dari sekarang agar dapat terdaftar dalam group manifest  calon jamaah umroh februari 2017. Bagi calon jamaah yang belum mempunyai dokumen paspor alangkah baik nya sudah di persiapkan segera membuat paspor di kantor imigrasi terdekat dengan tempat tinggal anda. Karena Pasport adalah salah satu dokumen inti yang paling penting untuk mendapatkan visa dari kedutaan Saudi. Bagi anda yang sudah memiliki paspor dengan masa berlaku min 5 bulan sebelum masa berlakunya habis maka persiapkanlah untuk perpanjang passport.

biaya umroh februari 2017


Biaya Umroh Februari 2017

Jika sudah planning untuk mempersiapkan biaya umroh februari 2017, kami menyediakan beberapa pilihahan biaya umroh februari 2017dengan harga yang lebih terjangkau untuk menghemat biaya perjalanan umroh anda. Dengan memilih biaya umroh februari 2017di paket hemat ini kami tetap akan memberikan pelayanan yang terbaik agar para jamaah tentunya dapat melaksanakan umroh lebih khidmat. Dengan menyesuaikan biaya umroh februari 2017 adalah agar para calon tamu Allah dapat segera untuk berangkat umroh.

Harga umroh februari 2017  yang kami berikan adalah standard untuk menyeragamkan dari pada harga tiket pesawat & hotel, Meskipun harga yang kami tawarkan adalah termasuk kategori di dalam biaya umroh februari 2017 murah akan tetapi kami tetap memberikan pelayanan yang berkualitas untuk para calon jamaah umroh. Dengan solusi umroh februari murah bukan berarti harga yang di dapat murahan akan tetapi jamaah mendapatkan pelayanan  prima yang aman, terjamin & berkualitas, karena kami mengutamakan maximal pelayanan yang memuaskan untuk para jamaah di program umroh februari  2017.


Promo Umroh Februari 2017

Sudah sejak 2001 kami melayani jamaah haji dan umroh, dalam agenda tahunan kami selalu memberikan harga promo umroh februari dalam setiap tahun keberangkatan dan alhamdulillah semua kuota tanggal keberangkatan promo umroh februari selalu terpenuhi. Banyak jamaah yang sudah pernah mengikuti perjalanan ibadah  umroh bersama khazzanh tours selalu mengajak / merekomendasikan kepada keluarga, saudara, teman, sahabat karibnya. Karena merasa puas akan pelayanan yang di berikan oleh Khazzanah Tours dengan pelayanan yang baik, amanah serta professional.

Promo umroh Februari 2017 dalam setiap keberangkatan group kami juga memfasilitasi bagi para jamaah umroh special untuk paket umroh rombongan, paket umroh vip, umroh group keluarga, umroh rombongan karyawan, umroh rombongan yayasan, umroh rombongan majlis ta’lim. Untuk biaya promo umroh februari bagi yang akan mendaftarkan secara group akan mendapatkan harga khusus / discount potongan harga di karenakan dengan jumlah yang banyak. Agar memudahkan pengurusan dokumen di harapkan 3 bulan sebelum keberangkatan seluruh dokumen jamaah sudah siap segera di serahkan ke kantor kami, di karenakan akan segera di booking untuk seat pesawat nya. Program promo umroh februari anda dapat memilih durasi, pesawat dan juga hotel nya sesuai permintaan by request.


Melaksanakan ibadah umroh dengan mendaftar paket umroh Februari sangatlah tepat untuk para calon jamaah yang tidak ingin dalam pelaksanaan ibadah di tanah suci berdesakan dengan jamaah lain dari berbagai penjuru Dunia karena pada bulan februari jumlah jamaah tidaklah membludak seperti jamaah umroh di bulan antara Juni sampai dengan desember karena pada antara bulan tersebut adalah saat hight sesion dimana banyak sekali jamaah yang melaksanakan ibadah umroh karena berbarengan dengan liburan akhir tahun dan liburan anak sekolah.


Keuntungan Umroh dengan paket umroh februari Berdasarkan pada pengalaman kami mengantarkan jamaah umroh di bulan Februari ini ada beberapa keuntungan lain yang bisa anda dapatkan dengan mendaftar di paket umroh Februari diantaranya adalah harganya yang relatif masih bisa lebih murah dan juga cuaca atau suhu udara di tanah Arab pada bulan Februari ini saat masa peralihan dari musim dingin menuju ke musim panas sehingga suhu udara masih dingin namun tidaklah jauh berbeda dengan suhu yang ada di Tanah Air sehingga bagi anda yang memiliki masalah dengan perubahan cuaca yang ekstrim kondisi ini sangatlah aman karena memang faktor cuaca ini sangat besar pengaruhnya terhadap kondisi fisik dan kesehatan jamaah dalam pelaksanaan ibadah di Tanah suci.

Untuk memenuhi minat para jamaah yang akan melaksanakan paket umroh desember saat suasana musim dingin serta liburan akhir tahun dengan keluarga inti tercinta.Segeralah mendaftarkan di karenakan jadwal keberangkatan paket umroh desember hampir penuh.Khazzanah Tours mempunyai beberapa pilihan  yaitu umroh plus dengan harga paket yang lebih terjangkau untuk biaya perjalanan paket umroh plus turki. Paket umroh plus turki  yang kami jadwalkan saat bulan desember dengan durasi 12 hari.Nikmatilah sensasi keunikan dari kota turki dengan banyaknya peninggalan sejarah yang dapat di ketahui terutama untuk menambah wawasan sejarah budaya islam dalam progam perjalanan paket umroh plus turki.





By Garuda Indonesia



Artiket Terkait :

Artikel Paket Umroh 2016 


          Paket Umroh Rombongan Murah         
Paket Umroh Rombongan


PAKET UMROH ROMBONGAN

Khazzanah Tours Travel melengkapi program perjalanan ibadah umroh rombongan secara khusus untuk group keluarga, perusahaan, personal, dengan penawaran yang lebih hemat, murah terjangkau. Dalam paket umroh rombongan  murah ini jadwal paket umroh rombongan  dapat anda pilih sesuai dengan ijin cuti dan waktu liburan anda juga dapat menyesuaikan tgl keberangkatan group yang di minta by request & juga dapat memilih unt fasilitas maskapi penerbangan yang akan di gunakan contoh nya Garuda, Etihad, Saudi Air, Qatar, Air Asia, Lion. Untuk fasilitas hotel juga dapat di pilih untuk hotel bintang 3, bintang 4 dan bintang 5 dan juga jadwal perjalanan itinerary 2016 city tour baik di kota Makkah dan Madinah dapat melengkapi paket tour ziarah yang anda minta. Dengan konsep paket umroh rombongan ini kami juga tidak membatasi jumlah jamaah dalam satu group rombongan berapapun akan kami layani secara ikhlas, amanah & professional dengan motto kami yaitu berkhidmat melayanai para tamu ALLAH.

UMROH ROMBONGAN MURAH

Khazzanah Travel juga siap melayani Paket umroh rombongan dan Paket Umroh Keluarga Murah husus nya bagi yang mendapatkan fasilitas ticket konsesi atau tiket karyawan, tiket ID yang di dapat dari perusahaannya, dengan hanya membayar paket Land Arrangement paket LA perjalalan umroh yang tentunya harga umroh rombongan group karyawan  murah 2016 di luar dari pada harga tiket, dengan mendapatkan yang lebih special umroh private murah. Paket umroh rombongan  murah 2016 ini para jamaah juga dapat memilih berapa hari yang di inginkan untuk jadwal umroh 2016 ada paket standard 9 hari, 12 hari dan 15 hari untuk durasi dari mulai berangkat sampai dengan kembali ke tanah air. Schedule umroh private bisa juga mengikuti jadwal umroh khazzanah tours serta dapat memilih paket umroh rombongan  2016. Rencanakanlah dari jauh hari 4-5 bulan sebelumnya karena harus mengurus jadwal cuti , tiket konsesi dan melengkapi dokumen jika yang belum mempunyai passport. Segeralah mendaftarkan rencana perjalanan ibadah umroh anda untuk di manifestkan dalam group keberangkatan juga untuk booking seat ticket airline nya.

Khazzanah Tours and Travel sudah berpengalaman -+ 15 tahun dalam memberangkatkan ribuan jamaah umroh setiap tahunnya dari bebagai wilayah yang ada di Indonesia. Alhamdulillah selama dalam melayani para tamu Allah jamaah merasa nyaman, puas dengan pelayanan yang kami berikan, dan juga para jamaah ingin kembali melaksanakan umroh di tahun berikutnya untuk menggunakan jasa layanan kami. Untuk mempersiapkan rencana perjalanan Ibadah paket umroh karyawan murah 2016 calon jamaah harus cermat dalam memilih biro perjalanan umroh yang tentunya harus sudah berpengalaman memberangkatkan jamaahnya juga di perhatikan kredibilitas pelayanan yang baik dalam mempersiapkan schedule jadwal paket umroh private murah 2016  yang di program secara professional pilihlah travel umroh Khazzanah Tours yang beralamat di jalan Terusan I Gusti Ngurah Rai no 6 pondok kopi Jakarta – Timur 13460 Hp : 08129993616 / 087777797118 karena sudah berpengalaman sejak 2001 dalam memberangkatkan ribuan jamaah Haji dan Umroh  di seluruh Indonesia. Banyak sekali program paket  umroh rombongan murah 2016 yang di jadwalkan dalam per keberangkatan. 


Layanan Khazzanah Tours  :

Umroh Group Rombongan

1.Paket Umroh Rombongan Murah
2.Paket Umroh Rombongan Plus Turkey, Dubai, Cairo
3.Paket Umroh Rombongan , keluarga Group, Karyawan, Perusahaan dll.
4.Paket Khusus Haji Onh Plus  Kuota Resmi Depag
5.Paket Haji ONH Plus non  kuota
6.Program Haji Plus Non Kuota ( berangkat tahun  2016- 2017 )
7.Booking Ticket Domestik & Internasional.
8.Hotel Reservation
9.Pengurusan Dokumen Passport



          Ø¨ÙˆØ§Ø³Ø·Ø©: Maryam Mohd Ahmed        
Please provied to me the new Creation & News about location and Developmet in Ekia in Qatar 2013
          #2 Es el tiempo de España para desafiar las expectativas, mientras lucha contra la corrupción [ENG]        

No, Spain isn’t Uganda. It’s Botswana. At least that’s the conclusion of Transparency International’s 2012 corruption perceptions index, which placed Spain joint 30th with the African country, behind Uruguay, Qatar and Cyprus.
Poco a poco vamos acercándonos al tercer mundo...

» autor: Cecil_El_Leon


          (DF) President Radev Converses by Telephone with Qatar's Emir        
August 1 (BTA) - President Rumen Radev has conversed on the telephone with the Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, the President's Press Secretariat reported Tuesday.
          Apa kata beliau!!! ISU MESIR         

Rampasan kuasa tentera Mesir menggulingkan Presiden Morsi memerlukan analisis lebih mendalam, termasuk sejarah panjang pemerintahan diktator negara itu dan latar belakang mengenai liku-liku perit yang dilalui Ikhwanul Muslimin selama hampir 60 tahun.

Prof Dato' Dr Mohammad Redzuan Othman (gambar), Dekan Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya dirasakan tokoh akademik dan pengamat politik Timur Tengah yang paling layak memberikan pandangan terhadap krisis di Mesir. Wakil Harakah, Ahmad Lutfi Othman dan Arif Atan menemubual Dr Redzuan di kediamannya, Sungai Ramal, Kajang, pertengahan Julai lalu.

Soalan :
Presiden pertama Mesir yang dipilih rakyat dalam satu pilihan raya yang diakui adil dan bebas telah digulingkan hanya selepas setahun berkuasa. Ada pihak melihat dalang di sebaliknya adalah pihak Barat, terutamanya Amerika Syarikat. Sebagai tokoh akademik yang lama mengikuti politik Mesir, termasuk gerakan Ikhwanul Muslimin, tentu Prof lebih arif tentang apa sebenarnya yang berlaku?

Jawapan :
Barat sebenarnya sudah lama merancang untuk bertindak dan menindas gerakan Ikhwanul Muslimin yang ditubuhkan pada 1928. Kejayaan Ikhwanul Muslimin mengambil alih kuasa selepas ditindas lebih enam puluh tahun menimbulkan kegusaran, termasuklah juga rejim monarki di negara Arab yang turut merasakan kedudukan mereka akan tergugat jika gerakan Islam ini berjaya mengemukakan alternatif kepada pelbagai kemelut yang dihadapi oleh umat Arab.

Untuk memahami apa yang berlaku di Mesir, kita harus meneliti sejarah yang pernah berlaku sebelum ini. Sejarah penindasan ke atas Ikhwanul Muslimin pada 1948-1954 seolah-olah berulang dengan menggunakan skrip sama. Contohnya, pada 13 Julai lalu, berita menyiarkan bahawa Morsi akan disiasat kerana dikatakan terlibat dalam kegiatan yang memcetuskan keganasan. Pendukung Ikhwanul Muslimin yang dibunuh dan dianinya, tetapi mereka pula yang dituduh.

Nasib yang sama pernah menimpa Ustaz Abdul Qadir Audah, pemimpin Ikhwanul Muslimin yang tersohor yang dijatuhi hukuman gantung sampai mati pada tahun 1954 kerana dituduh mencetuskan keganasan dan terlibat dalam komplot cubaan bunuh ke atas Gamal Abd al-Nasser. Bersama-sama beliau yang turut menjalani hukuman gantung, termasuklah Abd al-Fattah Ismail, Muhammad Al-Faghali, Yusof Talaat, Ibrahim al-Tayyeb dan lain-lain.

Pada 1966 Sayyid Qutb dijatuhi hukuman gantung. Bukti yang digunakan dan digembar-gemburkan ialah Ikhwanul Muslimin terlibat dalam kegiatan bersenjata dan pelbagai jenis senjata ditemui di pejabat gerakan tersebut. Ini juga perkara yang dihebohkan oleh tentera Mesir dengan mengatakan bahawa senjata ditemui di ibu pejabat Ikhwanul Muslimin di Moqattam dan penemuan tersebut adalah bagi mengesahkan gerakan ini menaja keganasan dan wajar ditindas.

Tuduhan yang dikenakan ke atas Ikhwanul Muslimin juga hampir sama seperti enam dekad lalu. Bagi mendapat sokongan rakyat tindakan General Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi sama seperti Gamal Abd al-Nasser pada 1954, iaitu mengembleng rakyat menyatakan sokongan kepada beliau melalui Hubbat al-Ahrar (Liberation Rally).

Atas nama sokong kepada regimnya rakyat berhimpun bagi menyatakan sokongan kepada Nasser dan mengutuk Ikhwanul Muslimin. Ini yang dilakukan oleh tentera pada hari ini dengan menaja demonstrasi rakyat bagi menyokong regim dan menolak Ikhwanul Muslimin yang dikatakan antinasional.

Sama seperti kira-kira 60 tahun lalu, tentera tidak ada belas kasihan dan bertindak sewenang-wenang ke atas pendukung Ikhwanul Muslimin termasuk melakukan penindasan kejam. Ternyata penindasan tanpa belas kasihan ini memberi impak yang amat besar kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Tahun 1948-1954 merupakan tahun penuh cabaran kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin. Pada Februari 1949, pengasas dan pemimpinnya, Hasan al-Banna mati ditembak. Sejak itu Ikhwanul Muslimin terus ditindas dan seterusnya diharamkan pada 1954 hinggalah selepas Husni Mubarak diturunkan dari jawatan presiden berikutan berlakunya Kebangkitan Arab pada 2011. Ini bermakna Ikhwanul Muslimin telah diharamkan selama 67 tahun dan ribuan anggotanya pernah dipenjarakan dan puluhan yang lain mati di tali gantung.

Dari segi sejarah, tentera menindas Ikhwanul Muslimin selama hampir enam dekad. Tentera memandang Ikhwanul Muslimin dengan penuh curiga. Dengan menggunakan kekuatan senjata dan kuasa yang dimiliki tentera tidak pernah menunjukkan belas kasihan kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin. Melihat rekod lalu tiada perkara yang boleh menghalang mereka untuk terus berusaha menindas Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Soalan :
Maknanya, apa yang berlaku hari ini mengulangi penindasan kejam terhadap Ikhwanul Muslimin 60 tahun lalu. Apakah mungkin ia mengakibatkan Ikhwan sukar untuk bangkit semula?

Jawapan :
Tentera cuba mengulangi pendekatan yang pernah mereka lakukan lebih 60 tahun lalu. Namun begitu, suasana sudah berubah. General Abd al-Fattah al-Sisi tidak sehebat Nasser dan kemajuan dalam teknologi maklumat menjadikan penipuan dan propaganda yang mengelirukan rakyat tidak boleh dibuat sewenang-wenangnya.

Natijah kepada konflik Ikhwanul Muslimin dan tentera banyak bergantung sejauh mana gerakan Islam ini mampu bertahan. Rekod yang dimiliki Ikhwanul Muslimin menunjukkan gerakan tersebut mempunyai daya tahan yang luar biasa.

Walaupun enam dekad ditindas dengan para pemimpin utamanya ramai mati dibunuh dan penindasan dilakukan secara berterusan, namun Ikhwanul Muslimin masih bersisa dan mampu bangkit. Inilah yang berlaku pada 2011, walaupun ditindas rejim Mubarak, namun mampu muncul sebagai organisasi yang paling tersusun dan memberikan alternatif kepada rakyat.

Walaupun tentera dan kumpulan anti-Ikhwanul akan menggunakan pelbagai cara untuk menghapuskan pengaruhnya, tetapi suasana 2013 tidak sama seperti 1954. Hari ini Ikhwanul Muslimin mampu membawa jutaan penyokongnya di jalan raya dari seluruh 27 Muhafazah (wilayah) di Mesir.

Namun begitu, situasinya masih sama, iaitu bagi kumpulan anti-Ikhwan yang terdiri daripada penyokong sosialis, nasionalis, liberalis, sekularis dan kelompok tariqat tertentu mereka sanggup mengetepikan perbezaan dan permusuhan sesama mereka semata-mata bagi menentang gerakan Islam ini.

Soalan :
Mengimbau sejarah lalu, Ikhwanul Muslimin yang dizalimi seperti tidak mendapat simpati atau sokongan daripada masyarakat antarabangsa termasuk kalangan kumpulan Islam sendiri. Mengapa terjadi begitu?

Jawapan :
Ketika Gamal Abd al-Nasser menjadi Presiden Mesir beliau berjaya menggerakkan jentera propagandanya sehingga menggelap dan menggerhanakan peranan Ikhwanul Muslimin. Pengaruh beliau cukup hebat hingga pelajar Malaysia yang belajar di Universiti al-Azhar, Mesir pada waktu itupun tidak tahu tentang peranan dan sumbangan Ikhwanul dalam memperjuangkan Islam yang syumul.

Nasser yang tampil dengan imej Islam digambarkan sebagai tokoh pemimpin Islam dan tidak hairanlah apabila beliau mati, terdapat madrasah dan kelompok umat Islam di Malaysia menganjurkan solat ghaib sebagai tanpa kasih kepada "pemimpin Islam yang banyak berjasa".

Sentimen anti-Israel yang dilaungkan Nasser menjadikan beliau dikagumi sehingga umat Islam di Malaysia, termasuk mereka yang pernah belajar di Mesir tidak menyedari kezaliman dan penindasannya ke atas Ikhwanul Muslimin. Ini termasuklah apabila Sayyid Qutb dihukum gantung pada 1966, protes hanya disuarakan sekelompok kecil pelajar Malaysia yang belajar di Barat.

Menariknya, kebangkitan Islam di Malaysia pada awal 1970-an bukan digerakkan lulusan Mesir, sebaliknya oleh mereka yang terpengaruh dengan perjuangan dan pemikiran Ikhwanul Muslimin dalam kalangan pelajar dari universiti tempatan dan mereka yang belajar di Barat.

Pengaruh Ikhwanul Muslimin yang disebarkan melalui buku-buku tokoh-tokoh Ikhwanul yang tersohor seperti Hasan al-Banna, Abd al-Kader Audah, Sayyid Qutb dan lain-lain. Buku-buku ini pula bukan dalam bahasa Arab tetapi dalam bahasa Inggeris seperti buku Maalim Fit Tariq oleh Sayyid Qutb yang lebih dahulu dibaca dengan judul Milestones.

Soalan :
Merujuk kebangkitan rakyat Mesir tiga tahun lalu untuk menumbangkan regim Hosni Mubarak, ada pendapat mengatakan pada peringkat awal Ikhwanul seperti menjauhkan diri dan tidak terlibat. Boleh prof jelaskan keadaan sebenarnya?

Jawapan :
Perkara ini sering dijadikan ungkitan penggerak gerakan 25 Januari yang memaksa Husni Mubarak meletakkan jawatan. Mereka mengatakan Ikhwanul Muslimin menanguk di air keruh dengan mengambil kesempatan daripada kebangkitan.

Memang ada kebenarannya kerana ketika rakyat mula turun ke jalan raya, pada peringkat awalnya Ikhwanul Muslimin mengambil pendekatan tunggu dan lihat. Pada awal Februari 2011 barulah Ikhwanul Muslimin turut mengerahkan pengikutnya ikut serta dalam protes yang dilakukan.

Pendekatan Ikhwanul Muslimin yang terpaksa mengambil pendekatan berhati-hati mudah difahami kerana gerakan ini sudah terlalu lama berusaha mengerakkan kebangkitan tetapi gagal mendapat sambutan meluas. Sebaliknya, kebangkitan yang mereka anjurkan berakhir dengan tragedi apabila ada ahlinya yang dihukum berat, dipenjarakan dan harta disita.

Hal yang sama pernah berlaku pada 1952 apabila berlaku kebangkitan rakyat menentang Raja Farouk dan British, Ikhwanul Muslimin tidak berada berada di barisan hadapan dan tidak terlibat secara langsung. Apabila Gamal Abd al-Nasser melancarkan revolusi dan berjaya menggulingkan Raja Farouk, Ikhwanul Muslimin dianggap tidak berperanan memainkan peranan sebenar.

Dengan pelbagai pengalaman itu, sebagai usaha mempelbagaikan pendekatan Ikhwanul Muslimin pernah terlibat secara langsung dalam pilihan raya Mesir. Ikhwanul Muslimin sudah terlibat dengan pilihan raya sejak 1984 lagi, walaupun bukan sebagai sebuah parti yang bertanding menggunakan nama gerakan tersebut. Ia pernah bergabung dengan parti Buruh, Parti Wafd dan bertanding secara bebas.

Kejayaan terbesar Ikhwanul ialah apabila berjaya meraih hampir 25 peratus undi dalam pilihan raya Mesir tahun 2007. Namun begitu, kejayaan besar ini bukan memberikan manfaat kepada Ikhwanul Muslimin, sebaliknya gerakan Islam ini semakin ditindas. Penindasan yang berterusan ini mendorong lahirnya dua kelompok kepimpinan dalam Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Kumpulan konservatif merasakan Ikhwanul Muslimin perlu kembali fungsinya yang asal iaitu menumpukan kepada dakwah dan tarbiyyah dan tidak terlibat dalam politik bagi memastikan survival gerakan yang tidak putus-putus ditindas. Kumpulan reformis pula mencadangkan Ikhwanul Muslimin perlu melakukan trasformasi dan mengikut contoh AKP di Turki bagi membolehkan perubahan dilakukan di Mesir.

Dalam muktamar Ikhwanul Muslimin pada 2010, kumpulan konservatif yang diketuai Badaei berjaya menguasai kelompok kepimpinan gerakan Islam itu dengan mengetepikan kumpulan reformis yang diketuai Essam al-Erian.

Soalan :
Bagaimana pula dengan pembabitan Ikhwanul dalam proses pemilihan ahli-ahli Parlimen dan jawatan Presiden Mesir?

Jawapan :
Sebagai kumpulan yang dianggap paling tersusun, Ikhwanul Muslimin ternyata lebih bersedia menghadapi pilihan raya dan berjaya memperoleh kemenangan dalam pilihan raya tahun 2012. Setelah berjaya mendapat kemenangan yang amat memberansangkan dalam pilihan raya parlimen, Ikhwanul Muslimin memutuskan untuk bertanding merebut jawatan presiden.
Pada peringkat awal Ikhwanul Muslimin secara tegas menyatakan mereka tidak berminat dengan jawatan itu. Apabila seorang pemimpin kanan Ikhwanul Muslimin, iaitu Moneim Abd al-Futuh menyatakan beliau berhasrat bertanding jawatan presiden, beliau dipecat kerana mengingkari keputusan syura.

Apabila Ikhwanul Muslimin memutuskan untuk merebut jawatan presiden, calon mereka ialah Khayrat Shater. Namun begitu, kelayakan beliau untuk bertanding dibatalkan kerana pernah ditahan di bawah pemerintahan Husni Mubarak. Sebagai gantian Muhammad Morsi dipilih sebagai calon. Hal yang sama juga berlaku kepada calon Parti Nour, iaitu, Hazem Abu Ismail yang tidak layak bertanding.

Akhirnya Morsi yang bertanding menentang mantan Perdana Menteri Mesir di zaman Mubarak, iaitu Ahmad Syafiq. Morsi menang dengan 51 peratus undi, walaupun peratus yang keluar mengundi sekitar 32 peratus sahaja. Morsi merupakan Presiden Mesir yang dilantik secara demokratik.

Soalan :
Soalnya, walaupun bertanding menentang Syafiq, yang dikira mewarisi Husni Mubarak, tetapi Morsi hanya mendapat sekitar 52 peratus, tidakkah itu boleh dianggap sokongan yang berbelah-bagi?

Jawapan :
Walaupun Morsi hanya mendapat 52 peratus undi, namun sebagai pilihan raya yang diiktiraf adil, telus dan bebas, beliau dikira mendapat sokongan majoriti. Jumlah yang keluar mengundi sebanyak 32 peratus juga tidak boleh dijadikan alasan bahawa beliau tidak mendapat legitimasi kerana Husni Mubarak menang pilihan raya dan dilantik sebagai presiden dengan kadar keluar mengundi sekitar 10 peratus sahaja.

Disebabkan rakyat tidak yakin dengan pilihan raya, kerana sudah pasti Husni Mubarak akan menang besar menyebabkan rakyat tidak ambil kisah untuk keluar mengundi. Lagipun di Mesir pilihan raya mengambil masa yang panjang. Pilihan raya Mesir yang melibatkan 27 wilayah mengambil masa selama tiga bulan untuk selesai. Pengundian pula dibahagikan kepada tiga peringkat dengan setiap peringkat melibatkan sembilan wilayah.

Pilihan raya Mesir selepas kejatuhan Mubarak dianggap telus, adil dan bebas kerana dipantau hakim. Parti-parti yang bertanding menggunakan pelbagai pendekatan untuk memenangi hati pengundi. Sebagai pertubuhan yang mempunyai jentera di seluruh negara Ikhwanul Muslimin berjaya menggerakkan penyokongnya untuk ke peti undi dan menyokong partinya.

Selain Parti Nour, hanya Parti al-Karamah yang dipimpin Hamden Sabahi yang mampu memberi saingan. Beliau seorang yang berfahaman sosialis dan pengikut Nasser yang setia. Beliau menggunakan bas dua tingkat sebagai pendekatan kempen untuk membolehnya menjelajah ke seluruh negara. Pendekatannya ternyata berkesan apabila berjaya menduduki tempat ketiga dalam pemilihan jawatan presiden. Hamden Sabbahi merupakan salah seorang pemimpin Tamarrod yang bersekongkol dengan tentera dan kumpulam sekular dalam menjatuhkan kerajaan pimpinan Morsi.

Soalan :
Sejarah Ikhwan menunjukkan ia turut berpecah membabitkan kepemimpinan tertinggi setiap kali berlaku peristiwa besar dalam politik Mesir. Apakah kali ini juga berlaku hal sama?

Jawapan :
Ikhwan gagal menyatukan perpecahan apabila ada pemimpin pertubuhan itu bertindak keluar kerana perbezaan dari segi pendekatan. Dakwaan cubaan Morsi untuk "mengIkhwanulkan" Mesir pula tidak lebih propaganda yang sengaja ditiupkan. Morsi cuba untuk buat yang terbaik tetapi malangnya dia mewarisi suatu sistem yang sesiapa pun tidak boleh pegang. Tumbangnya Morsi minggu lepas, Qatar dan Arab Saudi beri USD12 bilion masuk ke Mesir sebagai bantuan 'soft loan'. Raja Abdullah ucap tahniah kepada tentera.

Soalan :
Morsi juga mendapat kritikan keras daripada sebahagian aktivis Ikhwan?

Terdapat dalam kalangan golongan Islamis yang menuduh Morsi terlalu berlembut dan bersikap liberal kerana tidak tegas laksanakan undang-undang syariah. Pihak sekular pula menolak Morsi kerana dikatakan cuba mengikwankan Mesir. Pemerintahan Morsi depan serangan pelbagai penjuru dan keadaan ini dipersulitkan lagi dengan keadaan ekonomi yang semakin parah sehingga menimbulkan kesulitan kepada rakyat.

Soalan :
Politik Mesir tidak dapat dipisahkan daripada pengaruh dan pembabitan proaktif pihak tentera...

Jawapan :
Tentera Mesir bukan sahaja terlibat dalam menjaga keselamatan. Mereka juga terlibat dalam pentadbiran dan menguasai ekonomi. Apabila tentera tidak menyokong Mubarak beliau terpaksa meletak jawatan. Morsi juga dijatuhkan oleh tentera. Ini bermakna selepas ini sesiapa sahaja boleh tumbangkan oleh tentera. Tentera Mesir merupakan golongan elit dan kenaikan Mursi dilihat berisiko menggugat dominasi mereka.

Permusuhan Ikhwanul Muslimin dan tentera telah berakar umbi berdekad-dekad lamanya. Dengan sebab itu apabila apabila Amerika Syarikat menyeru kepada pendemokrasian di Mesir, jawapan Husni Mubarak ialah, “Kalau saya (Mubarak) jatuh, Ikhwanul akan berkuasa”. Bila Ikhwanul Muslimin berkuasa Amerika Syarikat amat khuatir dengan perkembangan ini.

Selain berdepan Mubarak dan AS, Ikhwanul Muslimin juga bertembung dengan kumpulan lain. Mereka termasuklah kumpulan Salafi yang dibiayai Arab Saudi yang berfahaman Wahabi. Ketika zaman Mubarak, beliau menggalakkan kumpulan Tarikaq yang tidak menyokong gerakan Islam. Ini merupakan pendekatan halus bagi melemahkan Ikhwanul Muslimin. Walaupun golongan sekular juga berpecah kepada pelbagai kumpulan tetapi mereka bersatu menentang Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Soalan :
Boleh Prof jelaskan kedudukan dan pengaruh pertubuhan dan parti-parti politik Islam di Mesir?

Jawapan :
Ketika mula berlakunya kebangkitan rakyat Mesir kumpulan Nour mengeluarkan fatwa haram hukumnya menentang Mubarak. Namun begitu, apabila Mubarak jatuh kumpulan ini menyokong kebangkitan rakyat. Dalam konteks politik Mesir, kumpulan Nour merupakan kumpulan Islam yang kedua berpengaruh selepas Ikhwanul Muslimin.

Morsi dilihat terlalu berbaik sangka dengan pihak tentera, yang akhirnya menikam balik dirinya.

Morsi tidak mempunyai banyak pilihan. Dalam pentadbiran Morsi mengambil pendekatan terbuka, termasuklah melantik dalam kalangan orang Kristian dan bukan ahli Ikhwanul Muslimin dalam pentadbirannya. Morsi cuba melakukan pelbagai perubahan dalam tempoh 100 hari pemerintahannya, tetapi amat sukar untuk sesiapa sahaja yang memerintah Mesir melakukan perubahan secara drastik.

Morsi mewarisi sistem ekonomi yang lemah dan sistem sosial yang tidak mantap. Ikhwanul Muslimin cuba bersikap baik dengan tentera seperti pada tahun 1952, tetapi tentera tidak pernah bersangka baik dengan Ikhwanul.

Soalan :
Prof juga banyak mengkaji dan mengikuti dari dekat lanskap politik di Turki. Mungkin ada persamaan di antara kedua-dua negara ini dan apakah pengalaman berharga yang dilalui Erdogan dan partinya yang mungkin boleh dikongsi dengan realiti di Mesir?

Jawapan :
Cubaan untuk mempraktikkan politik Islam di Mesir nampaknya lebih sukar berbanding Turki yang tebal dengan amalan sekularisme. Walaupun demikian di Turki terdapat dua parti sekular iaitu Republikan dan Demokrat.

Walaupun kedua-dua parti berfahaman sekular, namun tidak ada titik pertemuan di antara kedua-duanya, dan malahan lebih bersedia untuk bekerjasama dengan parti Islam daripada berpakat sesama mereka. Akhirnya parti Islam itu berjaya memerintah seperti yang berlaku pada 1996 apabila Parti Refah berjaya membentuk kerajaan walaupun dengan sokongan 21 peratus undi sahaja.

Soalan :
Ada pihak bimbang Mesir mungkin mengulangi tragedi berdarah di Syria yang tidak berpenghujung...

Jawapan :
Tidak dapat dinafikan terdapat kebimbangan ini. Namun begitu, situasi di Syria agak berbeza kerana di Mesir masyarakatnya tidak terbahagi kepada puak. Kekhuatiran yang lebih besar ialah Mesir akan kembali kepada zaman 1970-an dan 1980-an apabila kumpulan Islam mengambil pendekatan bersenjata sehingga menyebabkan berlakunya pertumpahan darah yang tiada penghujung.

Bagi pendukung gerakan Islam termasuk Ikhwanul Muslimin kemungkinan untuk terjerumus kepada pendekatan ini tidak boleh ditolak apabila mereka ditindas tanpa belas kasihan. Bagi Ikhwanul Muslimin pengalaman sejarah mengajar mereka untuk berjuang hingga ke titisan darah terakhir. Dalam kemelut yang berlaku sama ada mereka menang atau pasti ditindas secara berterusan sebagaimana yang pernah berlaku sebelum ini.

Pengalaman di Algeria juga merupakan iktibar yang amat menjadi keprihatinan kepada aktivis Ikhwanul Muslimin apabila demokrasi yang diwujudkan di negara tersebut menghalang FIS daripada terlibat dalam politik dan bertanding dalam pilihan raya. Pendekatan tentera dan kumpulan sekular hari ini menjurus ke arah tersebut yang berusaha menyisih Ikhwanul Muslimin daripada berperanan dalam proses politik di Mesir.

Realiti hari ini menunjukkan Ikhwanul Muslimin berdepan cabaran hebat untuk menentukan survival masa depannya. Penentuan masa depannya amat bergantung kepada sejauh mana ia dapat terus bertahan dan konsisten dalam perjuangan serta dengan strategi yang lebih baik daripada pihak lain yang menjadi musuh politiknya.

Ikhwanul Muslimin bukan sahaja berdepan musuh politik dalam negeri, tetapi juga daripada AS dan Israel yang mempunyai kepentingan dan tidak mahu melihat gerakan Islam ini berpengaruh. Walaupun AS menjuarai demokrasi, tetapi negara kuasa besar itu bersifat hipokrit dalam isu pergolakan politik di Mesir yang menyebabkan Morsi dilucutkan jawatan. AS dan negara barat tidak bersuara lantang apabila tentera “merampas kuasa” di Mesir, tetapi memprotes apabila berlakunya rampasan kuasa di Fiji, Maldive dan lain-lain.

Anehnya, rampasan kuasa di Mesir bukannya dikutuk, tetapi sebaliknya dijanjikan dengan bantuan kewangan. Arab Saudi dan beberapa negara Teluk yang merupakan sekutu kuat AS dan amat khuatir dengan perluasan pengaruh Ikhwanul Muslimin menjanjikan bantuan sebanyak USD 12 billion kepada Mesir sebaik-baik sahaja Morsi dilucutkan jawatan oleh tentera.

Perkembangan di Mesir memperlihatkan manifestasi sikap “double standard” Barat terhadap Islam. Walaupun Morsi dilantik secara demokrasi, tetapi cara beliau diturunkan tidak bersifat demokratik.

Jika demonstrasi jalanan dijadikan tanda aras bagi mengukur populariti bukannya melalui sokongan peti undi, demokrasi di Mesir bukan maju ke hadapan. Sebaliknya, Mesir masih terus berada pada zaman gelap seperti rejim-rejim lalu dan hasrat generasi muda negara itu untuk mewujudkan masyarat yang mampu bersaing dengan negara lain akan terus tinggal impian semata-mata.

          Fake news allegedly planted by Russian hackers helped trigger Qatar crisis        
A controversial report seemingly published last month by Qatar's state news agency may be fake news planted by Russian hackers who allegedly broke into the agency's systems, according to an exclusive CNN report, citing U.S. officials.
          Qatari official wins FIFA ethics appeal        

Zurich (AFP) – Qatari football official Saoud Al-Mohannadi on Thursday won his appeal over a one-year ban handed to him by an independent ethics committee for refusing to help in an investigation, FIFA announced. Al-Mohannadi was punished for refusing to cooperate with a corruption inquiry and fined 20,000 Swiss francs ($19,900) although his ban was less than the 30-month ban originally requested. Following a hearing in Zurich last week, FIFA’s appeals committee upheld his appeal and lifted the sanctions imposed on him as a result. When the sanction was handed down last year, Al-Mohannadi had been accused of infringing “his

The post Qatari official wins FIFA ethics appeal appeared first on World Soccer Talk.


          PSN posts Rockstar sale: offers savings on GTA, Manhunt, Max Payne & more        
Sony has posted a new PSN sale focused on Rockstar titles, including Grand Theft Auto, Manhunt and much more. It’s a lot better than Microsoft’s Rockstar sale. The offers were posted on PS Blog EU today. Deals ending March 26: PS3 Grand Theft Auto IV Was £19.99/€24.99/AU$29.95, now £5.49/€6.99/AU$10.35 Not available in Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi […]
          Jew in Jordan Stabs Himself (in the back), then Shoots 2 Muslims        

imagePeople keep trying to make logical sense out of the current situation in Israel, and now Jordan and Turkey (more on that below), such as pointing out that large mosques in Turkey, Kuwait, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia all have metal detectors and security procedures for entry.   Examples, “Just went through a metal detector at an amusement park. No riots. No violence. Nobody murdered in cold blood.”  “Are you "denied access" to the airport, because you have to go through a metal detector?”  And a classic “man! Israelis are so bigoted because they installed a metal detector so they won't be killed.”

But that’s yesterdays riots…ah, news.  Todays news is…

In a residential building that’s part of the Israeli embassy complex in Jordan, 2 Jordanians were shot and killed when an Israeli embassy security guard stabbed himself and then shot a 17 year old Jordanian furniture repairman who was helping him position the knife in his chest.  A second Jordanian was also shot, apparently because of the stabbed Israeli’s poor aim while bleeding upon his gun.  Both Jordanians died from their wounds. 

The Jordanian authorities prevented the injured Israeli with diplomatic immunity from being evacuated to Israel for treatment, and have surrounded the embassy complex to protect it in case the stabbed dying Israeli should attempt to attack again. 

Not to be left out of anti-Jew news, Turkey joined in…

The Turkish president decried the physical attacks on Jewish synagogues where attackers declared “the Zionists (didn’t) block worship at the mosques in Jerusalem, so we will defile, destroy, and block your entry to synagogues in Turkey”.  The Turkish president said ‘rights violations in Jerusalem may never be grounds for Muslims to violate the rights of others’ though Turkish security forces were NOT deployed to stop the attacks or protests.  The protestors did not note that the synagogues have metal detectors at their entrances to prevent concealed armed entry. 

UPDATES since I started writing this article…

- Apparently the Israeli security guard did not stab himself with a knife but rather borrowed a screw driver from the furniture repairman with which to stab himself.  Lucky for him the repairman was nearby!

- Apparently the Israeli security guard needed help from the repairman because he wanted to stab himself IN THE BACK.  It’s understandable he’d ask for help, being hard to reach and apply enough pressure by oneself.

- The father of the helpful furniture repairman described his son as a “martyr for Allah”.

(For the sarcasm impaired, I am taking actual statements from a mix of Arab propaganda…ah, I mean news…sites and joining them together in the apparent Arab view of this news story.  The headline on the British “The Guardian” almost reads exactly as mine above.)

UPDATE 2 – You can’t make this stuff up…

“Family says he didn’t do it…but if he did he’s a martyr”

image


          Delta Narrowbody Fleet Renewal        
Delta Air Lines has ordered an additional 15 Airbus A321 aircraft as part of their fleet renewal program. The announcement came from Doha, Qatar, where the International Air Transport Association (IATA) is meeting. Delta already has 30 A321’s on order, which brings new orders for the A321 to a total of 45. It’s widely speculated […]
          Wellington Airport Runway Extension: Definition of a Cargo Cult: Part One        
For those unfamiliar with the term "cargo cult" it is a description of what might best be called as a naive practice of some cultures with low levels of scientific understanding and a high belief in animist religions that certain rituals will result in untold riches arriving from the skies.  Nowadays it is often shortened into "built it and they will come".

Such is the hype around the planned extension to the runway of Wellington Airport - a proposal that completely lacks pure commercial merit and has no net wider economic benefit - but is being promoted by the opportunistic, encouraged by the naive and to be paid for, largely, by those will get no benefit from it at all.



I say this as someone who grew up 1.5kms from the airport and knows a bit about the aviation sector, having recently been part of the team that reviewed over 50 proposals for expanding airport capacity in London.  I know Wellington Airport very well, and the likelihood that there will be long haul flights into that airport that will generate net benefits to Wellington ratepayers to recover the costs of subsidising the runway extension is very low indeed.

Let's remember the airport is a commercial concern, two-thirds owned by Infratil, which itself is not willing to contribute two-thirds of the capital costs of the project.  It's the owner of the other third - Wellington City Council - that is the problem, because it is willing to force ratepayers (along with other Wellington councils) to cough up half of the liability to boost the value of Infratil's investment. This in itself should cause both believers in the free market and socialists to baulk at public subsidy for a predominantly private entity, but no - they have cargo cult syndrome.

They believe that magically if an airport extension is built, there will be long haul flights from Wellington to Asia and the Middle East, making the city more attractive for business.  However, it is far from clear exactly:

- Why airlines will fly long haul to Wellington;
- Are the assumptions about the the benefits claimed valid?




Who would fly to Wellington?

Let's kill off one idea quickly.  

Air New Zealand will not fly long-haul from Wellington. Its international hub is Auckland, the reason being that it is the business hub for the country, and also enables it to attract traffic between Australian cities and the Americas/South Pacific (which it does rather successfully).   Given its location it can generate high yielding (i.e. not economy class travelling) passengers with enough of an economy of scale to be just profitable enough to sustain a business, in a very volatile sector.  It once flew long-haul out of Christchurch (to LA, Singapore and Tokyo), but has recently dropped the last of these services.  Even the Trans Tasman services from Wellington are no great money spinners, as the decision about the Air NZ-Virgin Australia Alliance revealed.

Wellington Airport and two Wellington Councils (and associated bodies) all demanded that in exchange for approving the Alliance, Air NZ and Virgin Australia be forced to maintain a minimum flight frequency on their routes between Wellington and Australia.  This hardly indicates confidence in the commercial attractiveness of flying to Wellington Airport.  The Australian Competition and Consumer Commission in its approval of the Alliance required the two airlines to maintain a minimum level of service between Wellington and Brisbane.  

Hardly great confidence that Wellington is a lucrative destination.  Air NZ has made it clear it has no plans to fly long-haul from Wellington and that a runway extension would not change this.

Beyond that, there have been claims that the latest generation of longhaul aircraft - Boeing 787s and Airbus A350s - will suddenly make it viable to fly to Wellington.   However, a useful guide to who this might be is to look at Christchurch, which with both a wider pool of air cargo and as a gateway to the main tourism destinations of the country, has some long haul flights.

By some I mean actually 2 non-stop from Christchurch.  One is Singapore Airlines and the other is China Southern to Guangzhou.  Singapore Airlines has been decidedly lukewarm on flying to Wellington, and China Southern is driven mostly by outbound Chinese tourism traffic, which has limited interest in visiting Wellington.  Emirates flies from Christchurch to Dubai via Sydney and Bangkok, which of course is not at all better than flying to Dubai via Sydney from Wellington, except it is a larger aircraft.  China Airlines flies from Taipei to Christchurch, but only via Australia.  Same issue again.  This isn't a long haul flight, and isn't substantially different from flying Air NZ or Qantas into Sydney or Melbourne to connect to a long haul flight to Asia or Europe.

If Christchurch can only attract one flight from Singapore and one from China, what's all the hype about Gulf airlines flying to Wellington (when the other two big Gulf airlines, Etihad and Qatar Airways don't even fly to Auckland)?  

China Southern (which is going through a rapid growth phase) has indicated it might consider Wellington, but given it is Chinese Government owned airline, it is operating not to grow profit but to find markets it can grow.  Quite how many business people or tourists wish to hub through Guangzhou to and from Europe or elsewhere in Asia, on an airline with a mixed reputation for service when things go wrong, is unclear.   I wouldn't want to base the decision to spend millions of taxpayers' dollars on giving one airline the chance to start a flight it might cancel a year later.   Neither does the major owner of the airport, who is happy to let taxpayers cough up the money to subsidise its ambitions (bear in mind Infratil recently offloaded completely failed airport investments in the UK for token amounts).

Why would there be benefits from long haul flights to Wellington?

The whole premise of the Wellington runway cargo cult is that Wellington is less attractive for business because it doesn't have long haul flights.  The same arguments are made for Canberra, which even struggles to get Trans-Tasman flights, because airlines simply aren't interested.  However, the benefits of direct flights come from reduced travel time and assumptions about lower airfares, yet these are wanting.

Ernst and Young authored the study into the benefits of the project, but some of its assumptions demonstrate a paucity of understanding of the airline industry and some heroic assumptions about benefits that airline passengers are willing to pay for.

In the next installment, I review the report and find it full of assumptions and assertions that don't bear close scrutiny.

          OSCAR SCHÉMEL/PROGRAMA ANÁLISIS SITUACIONAL        

04-06-2017
OSCAR SCHÉMEL:
De todo el petróleo que consume Estados Unidos, el 40% es importado y un 60% lo produce esta nación.

Lo que Ud. no sabe es que el 65% de ese 40% de petróleo importado proviene principalmente de Canadá, Venezuela y otros países del continente americano. Es decir, el 35% del petróleo importado por los norteamericanos llega de los pozos del Medio Oriente y el Golfo Pérsico pero el 65% viene de nuestra propia región.

Añada ahora a estas cifras, que Venezuela posee las más grandes reservas petroleras del planeta, calculadas en más de 300 mil millones de barriles. Sin contar con sus extraordinarias reservas en minerales, agua y biodiversidad.

La estrategia del actual presidente norteamericano Donald Trump para colocar a Estados Unidos a la cabeza de un capitalismo productor de bienes y no sólo de servicios, exige del control absoluto sobre aquellas regiones del mundo con materias primas estratégicas.

Cabe afirmar que las economías del mundo continuarán vinculadas al desarrollo de fuentes de energía, como el petróleo y el gas, por lo menos durante 60 años más.

Que no quepa la menor duda: Venezuela ocupa hoy un lugar preponderante en la agenda energética estratégica de la principal potencia capitalista.

Por eso, ahora en Venezuela está en desarrollo un profundo conflicto político y una muy peligrosa guerra en puertas, diseñada y dirigida por los Estados Unidos, para acabar de una vez por todas con la Revolución Bolivariana, debilitar la soberanía nacional y finalmente apoderarse de nuestras inmensas riquezas petroleras y gasíferas.

Está en marcha la segunda fase de 45 días de esta guerra no-convencional contra Venezuela. Durante la primera fase se realizaron operaciones sicológicas y mediáticas, movilización de calle, protestas violentas, presión internacional, sanciones contra funcionarios y dirigentes del Gobierno Bolivariano, entre otras acciones.

La fase actual es de ofensiva militar o de insurgencia armada y se desplegará sobre el foquismo violento y el paramilitarismo, articulados con bandas criminales, con más
sabotajes y asesinatos, más odio y más intolerancia, para crear un clima de ingobernabilidad, caotización, neurotización, guerra civil y desbordamiento que le abra paso a una intervención multinacional, supuestamente humanitaria, y a la implosión del Estado-Nación.

La guerra ya comenzó. La intervención está en marcha. Se requieren respuestas políticas y gestión económica, que ya se están ejecutando, pero también respuestas militares. Es la guerra por el petróleo ahora bajo nuestros propios pies.

Para analizar esta situación hoy nos acompaña LUIS BRITTO GARCIA, escritor, historiador y analista político. Guionista de la recién estrenada película “La Planta Insolente”, que relata la lucha del presidente Cipriano Castro en defensa de la soberanía nacional contra las agresiones imperialistas.

BLOQUE 1



 OS=Bienvenido Luis ¿Cómo estás?

 LBG=Bueno, muy bien

 OS= Eres el autor del guión de la película que recién se estrenó, “La Planta Insolente” Â¿Hay algún paralelismo que podamos destacar entre aquellos hechos y la situación actual de Venezuela?

 LBG=Total. En ese momento, una coalición de los banqueros, los acreedores de la deuda y la oligarquía de los caudillos locales, se juntan en una revolución mal llamada
“Revolución Libertadora” contra Cipriano Castro, con 15 mil peones de sus hatos, que los llevan a morir en eso, Cipriano los derrota con una fuerza de voluntarios de 5 mil. Pero entonces esta contrarrevolución llama en su auxilio a las potencias europeas, cuyas transnacionales tenían reclamaciones contra Venezuela. Y entonces entre Alemania, Inglaterra e Italia, reúnen una flota de 15 acorazados que acordona, bloquea nuestras costas, destruye nuestras unidades navales, bombardea nuestros pueblos, desembarca, incendia dependencias públicas, etc. Entonces evidentemente, ¿Por qué era esto? Bueno porque querían apuntalar el cobro de reclamaciones injustas. Las reclamaciones, después del incidente, fueron reducidas a la sexta parte, lo que quiere decir que gran parte de ellas eran absolutamente injustas. Otro elemento: Estaba a punto de abrirse, la apertura del canal de Panamá. EE.UU incluso había promovido la secesión de Panamá de Colombia para
tener un paso, y a las potencias europeas les interesaba tener enclaves estratégicos cerca de ese canal. Es más, la intervención contra Cipriano Castro, Cipriano estaba tratando de reeditar La Gran Colombia, en unión con el partido Liberal Colombiano, con Alfaro un gran dirigente progresista en Ecuador y con Zelaya en Nicaragua. Una de las finalidades de La Gran Colombia era dominar los pasos interoceánicos que se hicieran por Panamá.

 OS= Es decir Luis, que no era solamente el cobro de una deuda, ¿Había objetivos geopolíticos? Pero me respondes después de comerciales. Ya venimos.

BLOQUE 2


 OS= Te preguntaba Luis, que el objetivo no era solo cobrar una deuda, ni siquiera eso, había objetivos geopolíticos para principios de siglo…

 LBG= Muy precisos…Alemania quería, se dimensionó mucho eso, tener un enclave en Venezuela para dominar la rutas hacia el canal y es más, había quizá la posibilidad de que las potencias imperiales intentaran obtener colonias en América Latina y El Caribe, no hubieran tenido que hacer la Primera Guerra Mundial…Alemania se había quedado, entró
tarde a la carrera imperial. No tenía colonias. Si hubiera podido crear colonias en América Latina, no hubiera sido necesario ni una Primera ni una Segunda Guerra Mundial. Fíjate un poco como esa situación de Venezuela definió el destino del mundo, esa resistencia que hizo Cipriano Castro. Ahora, ¿Cómo resistió Cipriano Castro a una flota de 15 acorazados de las 3 potencias militares más poderosas del mundo, aparte de EE.UU? Bueno, con la voluntad popular. El llamó a los voluntarios con esa célebre proclama “La planta insolente del extranjero ha profanado el sagrado suelo de la Patria” y 150 mil voluntarios acudieron a alistarse, entre los primeros, el Dr. José Gregorio Hernández, esto es increíble pero cierto, entonces las potencias dijeron “caramba, tenemos 15 mil hombres en estas naves, en un territorio extraño, contra un ejército de 150 mil hombres defendiendo su país, estamos perdidos” entonces tuvieron que transar.

 OS= En este momento, es obvio que hay un plan insurreccional contra el gobierno bolivariano. Es la cuarta intentona insurreccional en lo que va de período constitucional del presidente Nicolás Maduro. En este esquema ¿Es posible una intervención internacional?

 LBG= Sí. Mira, si uno estudia los manuales sobre la llamada Guerra de IV Generación, hay uno de un coronel, Mainwaring, que es asesor del Departamento de Defensa de EE.UU, del Comando Sur, él cita lo que permite reconocer una guerra de IV Generación. Todo eso se está dando en Venezuela. Es una confrontación en la cual no intervienen Estados, no hay una guerra declarada, sin embargo, hay una situación de desestabilización, de destrucción de activos, insurgencia armada por cuerpos que no son ejércitos ni tienen uniformes,actúan como paramilitares de manera violenta. Se trata sobre todo de crear incomodidad y la destrucción de bienes civiles, no hay un campo de batalla alejado sino que el campo de batalla es la misma sociedad y los eventos son dirigidos más que a una finalidad estratégica
específica, a crear efectos comunicacionales. Es una guerra que se gana o se pierde en los campos de batalla de la comunicación, de la simbología. Todo eso se está dando exactamente en Venezuela como si se estuviera aplicando un manual, aparte del pequeño manualito de Gene Sharp, nos están aplicando una cartilla aprendida, que ya fue aplicada también en Chile  y lamentablemente en Indonesia, donde hubo un genocidio que algunos  sitúan alrededor del medio millón de víctimas fatales y desarmadas. Entonces, hay una situación grave, seria, de guerra, hay que asumirla y tenemos derecho a defendernos, el derecho a la legítima defensa es el más innegable de todos los derechos.

 OS= ¿La movilización del pueblo, es clave, es crucial, si hay una amenaza de intervención?

 LBG= Yo creo que fundamentalmente la movilización del pueblo ante una situación de terrible peligro internacional y ¿Por qué es eso? ¿Obedece eso a que unas elecciones se
retrasan o no se retrasan? ¿Se va a votar o no? Conversábamos de eso hace poco: Venezuela tiene la quinta parte de todos los hidrocarburos del mundo, tiene unas reservas inmensas de oro, coltán, hierro, aluminio, biodiversidad, energía hidroeléctrica, todo eso es fundamental para el imperio que domina el hemisferio y entonces está provocando una situación interna para imponer un gobierno favorable a ellos. De eso se trata en el fondo lo que está sucediendo.

OSEl objetivo es caotizar, neurotizar, destruir el Estado Nación…

 LBG= Sí, porque además hay planes secesionistas que ya han sido declarados…Había un ejercicio militar que estaban haciendo en EE.UU que presuponía la división de
Venezuela en 3 secciones. Hay movimientos étnicos que plantean la disolución de Venezuela en un conjunto de supuestos territorios dominados por parcialidades étnicas, lo
que sucede en Libia, el que no aprende de la historia se ve obligado a repetirla. Entonces Venezuela está ante ese panorama.

 OS= Planteabas que estas guerras de IV generación, estas guerras no convencionales son también guerras simbólicas, guerras lingüísticas ¿En qué consiste este tablero simbólico?

 LBG= Son guerras que se juegan en el imaginario, sobre todo, a través de los medios.Los medios crean sucesos. Recordemos cuando se tomó la Plaza Verde de Trípoli en Libia, no se había tomado nada, era un escenario que montaron en Qatar, hicieron una maqueta, disfrazaron una cantidad de gente y efectuaron una obra militar que no había ocurrido. Entonces, los medios de comunicación fabrican. Fíjate tú, esencialmente los disturbios que ha habido ahora se concentran fundamentalmente en unas 19 alcaldías en donde los manifestantes y algunos delincuentes que se unen a ellos, actúan protegidos por las policías locales, es la situación fundamental, hay episodios fuera de eso, pero raros. Ahora, los medios intentan multiplicar eso para fingir ante el exterior y ante el propio país que hay una rebelión en todo el país, y no. Venezuela tiene 335 alcaldías. 19 alcaldías son un sector insignificante de lo que es Venezuela.

 OS= Son alcaldías en zonas muy elitescas

 LBG= Muy específicas en zonas de clase media alta, con aspiraciones de clase media alta y además, los efectos de eso es que se ponen presos ellos mismos. Bloquean los
accesos de entrada y salida entonces la propia clase media alta o con aspiraciones de alta, queda presa allí, la afectada es ella, pero eso queda representado en los medios como una sublevación popular y masiva en todo el país. No son ninguna de esas cosas: Ni es popular, ocurre en sectores de clase media y muchos de los que participan en ella son paramilitares o delincuentes. Ni es generalizada, porque ocurre nada más en 19 municipios. Ni es sublevación, porque resulta que la policía local protege a los que perturban y cometen actos de terrorismo…

 OS= Sí, pero como bien decías, no hace falta que estas protestas o esta insurrección sea popular ya que lo importante es desintegrar, caotizar, neurotizar, crear un clima para una eventual ruptura, desbordamiento, y están apareciendo Luis, nuevos símbolos: escudos, desnudos, linchamientos… ¿Qué sentido tienen estos nuevos códigos?

 LBG= Sí, lo más grave es eso. Primero, dentro de esos escudos además hay unas cruces que evocan ciertas desagradables cruces que se utilizaron en Europa. Hay el uso de sustancias pestilentes, pero lo grave allí son ciertos linchamientos, atentados contra la persona humana injustificada. Prenderle fuego a una persona viviente, además porque es de un determinado color o porque se sospecha que pueda…Eso es espantoso, eso va más allá, eso es para crear el pánico. La muerte de una persona es muy sensible, pero no tiene efecto. Pero una muerte horripilante crea el pavor, crea la conmoción y además difunde la idea de que el poder no tiene control sobre la situación, que solamente, el terrorismo. El terrorismo tiene objetivos muy selectos que en realidad estratégicamente no conmocionan pero crean esa impresión. El terrorista dice “fíjate cómo el Estado no tiene control”

 OS= Y todo se permite, todo es posible

 LBG= Todo es posible porque no hay un poder efectivo. Es un mensaje que lanza el terrorismo: “Ya no existe el gobierno, por lo tanto hay que crear otro”, ese es el mensaje fundamental.

 OS= El gobierno está trabajando en distintos escenarios, en distintos tableros: el político, con el llamado al diálogo y la convocatoria a una Asamblea Nacional Constituyente. El tablero militar y el tablero comunicacional. Quiero que hablemos un poco del tablero político y específicamente de la convocatoria a la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, pero cuando regresemos de los comerciales. Ya venimos.

BLOQUE 3


 OS= Te preguntaba Luis, en este escenario insurreccional ¿Cuál sería el rol, el papel, de la convocatoria presidencial a una Asamblea Nacional Constituyente?

 LBG=Bueno, a mí me da la impresión de que es establecer una diferencia en la metodología. Mientras uno de los grupos está recurriendo a la violencia desnuda, a los
cortes de comunicaciones, a incendiar hospitales y hospitales infantiles para colmo, quemar unidades de transporte público popular, etc. El otro dice, “bueno, vamos a
dialogar, vamos a una Asamblea elegida por el voto, donde la votación va a decidir la futura constitución de Venezuela. Es como contraponer dos formas de actuación política, una es la actuación directa a través de la implantación del terror y otra mediante la consulta, el diálogo. Ahora, yo diría lo siguiente y eso es básico: Para que tenga éxito esa Asamblea, tiene que haber un consenso popular, y gran parte de los problemas que estamos viviendo actualmente tienen que ver con los problemas de abastecimiento. Ahora, ¿Cuáles son esos problemas de abastecimiento? Mira, los ha señalado de forma inobjetable la doctora Pasqualina Curcio, en su libro “La Mano visible del mercado”: el Estado, no solo sí ha seguido dándole dólares preferenciales a los importadores. Triplicó desde 2004 la cantidad de dólares en líneas generales, y en medicina la cuadruplicó. Pero ¿Qué sucede? Hay una docena de importadores, un oligopolio que o no importa las cosas, o las importa e importa basura, o las importa y las esconde. Entonces la escasez que hay es una cosa manipulada. A esto debe añadirse lo siguiente, otra sorpresa seguramente para los escuchas: Venezuela produce como el 88% de los alimentos que consume, eso está en las hojas de alimentación y consta durante décadas esos registros. ¿Qué sucede? También hay un oligopolio que evita la distribución plena, eficaz y oportuna de esos productos y por otro lado, como 40% de lo que Venezuela importa o produce, se va por la frontera. ¿Qué se debe hacer en tres líneas para remediar eso? Acabar con el contrabando de extracción, fundamental. Tú no puedes operar con una pérdida de 40% continua. 2) Dejar de darle dólares preferenciales a ese grupo de empresas que ha estafado a la nación consecutivamente. 3) Tendría que asumir la importación y la distribución de los productos básicos el Estado. Hay riesgo, desde luego, ineficacia, corrupción, pero peor de lo que ha sucedido no puede ser.
Además, históricamente cada vez que viene un proceso electoral hay un pico de desabastecimiento, creado por ese mismo monopolio de importadores y distribuidores para que el voto sea negativo. Vamos a contar con otro pico de desabastecimiento para la constituyente y para las elecciones que vengan.

 OS= Y se agudiza con las protestas violentas que cierran, obstaculizan el tránsito de alimentos.

 LBG= En ese sentido, también se ha hecho eso, se ha destruido camiones que tienen alimento, se ha cerrado el acceso a las vías para el abastecimiento, etc. Entonces el éxito político depende de que se solucione la situación de desabastecimiento que es en gran parte manipulada, creada artificialmente, con fines políticos.

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          Äá»‘i trị nhà cầm quyền Việt Nam, làm sao khỏi hại đến dân?        

Thục Quyên

Câu hỏi đã được một người dân Đức nêu lên trong Facebook của Bộ Ngoại giao Đức mà chưa thấy ai đề nghị câu trả lời.

Trong cơn sốt "Trịnh Xuân Thanh" hiện nay, một cái tựa bài mà không có tên nhân vật này có lẽ chẳng hấp dẫn được số đông. Nhưng sự lương thiện bắt buộc người viết không được gợi sự hiểu lầm làm mất thì giờ người đọc, vì tuy có dính líu tới vụ ông Trịnh xuân Thanh, bài này sẽ chẳng có tình tiết éo le gì về số phận ông ta, mà cũng chẳng đóng góp thêm cho cái mà nhiều tờ báo Đức gọi là Thriller (từ tiếng Anh), một câu chuyện giật gân, một vở kịch hồi hộp, ly kỳ.

Mục đích của bài không phải là để thỏa mãn ít nhiều tính hiếu kỳ của người đọc, mà để đóng góp những tin tức căn bản, có chứng cớ rõ ràng, để những người quan tâm và tin rằng quan hệ giữa hai quốc gia Đức-Việt ở thời điểm này có ảnh hưởng lớn trên vận mạng Việt Nam, có thể hiểu chính xác những tuyên bố và hành động của chính phủ Đức liên quan đến vụ bắt cóc người tại thủ đô Berlin.

Những nguồn tin chính thức của Đức liên quan đến vụ toà đại sứ Việt Nam dính líu vào một vụ bắt cóc người

1/ Tin đăng trên trang mạng của toà đại sứ CHLB Đức tại VN từ ngày 3/08/2017

http://www.vietnam.diplo.de/Vertretung/vietnam/vi/Startseite.html

Sau đây là thông cáo báo chí ngày  2/08/2017 của Bộ ngoại giao CHLB Đức về quan hệ Việt-Đức đã được toà đại sứ Đức dịch sang tiếng Việt:

‘‘Sau khi có những bằng chứng ngày càng rõ ràng và không còn cơ sở để nghi ngờ về sự liên quan của các cơ quan Việt Nam và Đại sứ quán Việt Nam tại Berlin trong vụ bắt cóc một công dân Việt Nam ở Berlin, Quốc vụ khanh Bộ Ngoại giao Đức, ông Markus Ederer, ngày hôm qua đã triệu tập Đại sứ Việt Nam tại Đức.

Việc bắt cóc công dân Việt Nam Trịnh Xuân Thanh trên lãnh thổ Đức là hành động vi phạm luật pháp Đức và luật pháp quốc tế một cách trắng trợn và chưa từng có tiền lệ.

Vụ việc đã được phát giác nhờ sự nhạy bén của các cơ quan thực thi pháp luật của Đức. Hiện các cơ quan thực thi pháp luật của Berlin cũng đang tiến hành điều tra.

Vụ việc như thế này có thể ảnh hưởng tiêu cực nghiêm trọng tới quan hệ giữa Đức và nước Cộng hòa xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam.

Việc này cũng phá vỡ lòng tin một cách nghiêm trọng: Bên lề Hội nghị Thượng đỉnh G20, các đại diện cấp cao của Việt Nam đã nhắc lại yêu cầu dẫn độ công dân Việt Nam nói trên từ Đức về Việt Nam.

Quốc vụ khanh Bộ Ngoại giao Đức Markus Ederer ngày hôm qua đã trình bày rất rõ quan điểm của Chính phủ Đức trong vấn đề này với Đại sứ Việt Nam. Ông cũng nêu rất rõ ràng với Đại sứ rằng Chính phủ Liên bang Đức yêu cầu phải để ông Trịnh Xuân Thanh quay trở lại Đức ngay lập tức để hồ sơ đề nghị dẫn độ và đơn xin tị nạn được xem xét theo đúng trình tự pháp lý.

Hệ quả của vụ việc hoàn toàn không thể chấp nhận được này là đại diện chính thức của cơ quan tình báo Việt Nam tại Đại sứ quán Việt Nam ở Đức sẽ bị tuyên bố là người không được hoan nghênh (persona non grata) và có 48 tiếng để rời khỏi Đức.

Chúng tôi cũng bảo lưu quyền áp dụng thêm các biện pháp khác trên bình diện chính trị, kinh tế và chính sách hợp tác phát triển.

2/ Những lời giải thích của Phát ngôn viên Bộ Ngoại giao Đức Peter Schäfer trong buổi họp báo 2/8/2017

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Martin Schäfer , phát ngôn viên Bộ Ngọai giao Đức

Những câu trả lời và giải thích của Phát ngôn viên Bộ Ngoại giao Đức cho các nhà báo, trong buổi họp báo ngày 2/8/2018, có thể giúp đánh giá đúng mức tình hình nghiêm trọng trình bày bằng ngôn ngữ ngoại giao trong bài thông cáo báo chí

http://www.auswaertiges-amt.de/DE/_ElementeStart/Sprecher_node.html

Buổi họp báo liên quan tới 4 điểm:

-  Thổ nhÄ© Kỳ bắt giữ ông Peter Steudtner, một nhà hoạt động nhân quyền người Đức.
-  Tá»± sát đánh bom một nhà thờ Hồi giáo Shiite và một đoàn xe của NATO ở Afghanistan.
-  Mâu thuẫn giữa Qatar và các quốc gia Ả Rập khác.

- Và kết thúc với điểm thứ tư là "Vụ bắt cóc công dân Việt Nam tại Berlin".

Điểm thứ tư được đưa ra trong một cuộc họp báo của Bộ Ngoại giao Đức, chung với những điểm đang gây nóng trên thế giới, cho thấy tầm quan trọng của vấn đề được gọi chính danh là bắt cóc người xảy ra trên lãnh thổ Đức.

Không những vậy, Phát ngôn viên của Bộ Ngoại giao Đức đã nhấn mạnh với các nhà báo khi bắt đầu đề cập tới vụ bắt cóc "tôi muốn trình bày thật rõ ràng, dứt khoát về việc...", và ông ta đã mô tả là không còn một nghi vấn đáng kể nào về việc Toà Đại sứ VN tại Berlin đã dính líu vào vụ này.

Trả lời câu hỏi của một nhà báo, ông Schäfer nói "chúng tôi tin rằng", sau đó ông sửa lại, "chúng tôi chắc chắn trong những ngày qua, một số cơ quan nhà nước Việt Nam đã phạm vào một vụ, gọi theo đúng quy định pháp luật hình sự là bắt cóc người.

Được yêu cầu cho biết Đại sứ Việt Nam có đến trình diện Quốc vụ khanh Bộ Ngoại giao Đức, ông Markus Ederer, hay chÆ°a, ông Schäfer trả lời: "Hôm qua (1/8/2017) lúc 15 giờ, ông Đại sứ đã nhận triệu tập mời đến gặp Quốc vụ khanh Ederer lúc 12 giờ trÆ°a hôm nay (2/08)  để có cÆ¡ hội cho ông trình bày, đáp lại những tuyên bố của ông Ederer liên quan đến vụ việc, đặc biệt là đáp ứng đòi hỏi của chúng tôi phải mang người đàn ông đó trở lại nước Đức. Hiện nay đã qúa hẹn 90 phút, cả hai điểm trên đã không được thi hành, đó là lý do tại sao trong buổi họp báo này, tôi phải thay mặt Chính phủ Liên bang, Bộ Ngoại giao và ông Bộ trưởng Bộ Ngoại giao để thông báo một hệ quả nghiêm khắc và quyết liệt.

Theo ông Schäfer, vụ việc chính (đơn giản) là: một nước ngoài chà đạp lên luật pháp Đức ngay trên lãnh thổ Đức thuộc chủ quyền Đức (vi phạm chủ quyền) là một điều không thể chấp nhận được. Còn những chi tiết vụ bắt cóc, lý lịch cùng tội phạm của nạn nhân bị bắt cóc không có tính cách quyết định trong vụ việc. Muốn giải quyết vụ phạm pháp, chính phủ Việt Nam có bổn phận đưa nạn nhân của vụ bắt cóc trở về Đức.

Còn khi có mặt trở lại tại Đức thì người này, ông Trịnh Xuân Thanh, sẽ phải qua hai cuộc xét xử pháp lý khác nhau trong hai vụ việc song song: một bên là đơn xin dẫn độ của chính phủ Việt Nam và bên kia là đơn xin tỵ nạn của ông TXT.

Vai trò quan trọng của các luật sư của ông TXT

Qua phỏng vấn báo chí (1) hai luật sư của ông TXT, bà Petra Schlagenhauf và ông Victor Pfaff, cho biết họ là những người đã báo động với cảnh sát về sự mất tích của ông Thanh.

Trong trường hợp bất cứ một người Đức hay ngoại quốc nào, sống tại nước Đức, mất tích và có thân nhân ra khai báo với cảnh sát, cảnh sát sẽ không khởi động tìm kiếm ngay mà khuyên gia đình trước hết tự liên lạc bạn bè, người quen biết, đồng nghiệp…, cũng như các nhà thương lớn, để tìm người bị cho là mất tích. Nếu khai báo là bị bắt cóc chỉ do nghi vấn mà không có những dấu hiệu đáng tin cậy, cảnh sát cũng không khởi động tìm kiếm. Ông TXT chỉ là một người vô danh tiểu tốt tại Cộng hoà Liên bang Đức, nên mặc dù LS Schlagenhauf đã báo động với văn phòng An ninh Quốc gia nghi vấn về sự vắng mặt của ông Thanh, ban đầu bà cũng chỉ nhận lời từ chối vì phía An ninh QG cho rằng không có đầu mối để hành động.

Nhưng nhờ sự khai báo của các luật sư nên cảnh sát đã mau chóng nối kết được lời khai báo của họ với một vụ bắt cóc người tại đường Hofjägerallee (Tiergarten, Berlin) do những nhân chứng (tình cờ chứng kiến) báo động. Cảnh sát đã xúc tiến thu thập đủ bằng chứng để xác nhận nạn nhân vụ bắt cóc giữa ban ngày và tại thủ đô nước Đức, cách Phủ Tổng thống chỉ có khoảng 10 phút đường bộ, là ông TXT, thân chủ của các luật sư.

Trong bản thông tin của LS Sclagenhauf (3) bà này cho biết cho tới ngày ông TXT bị bắt cóc, về phía Đức không có lệnh bắt để dẫn độ hoặc điều tra dẫn độ nào đối với ông Thanh.

Tình hình quan hệ Đức-Việt

Trong trang nhà của toà đại sứ Đức tại Việt Nam, mở đầu lời giới thiệu về quan hệ song phương giữa 2 nước (2) có đoạn:

Đức không chỉ giúp đỡ Việt Nam trong quá trình chuyển đổi kinh tế mà còn hỗ trợ Việt Nam trong quá trình cải cách hệ thống pháp luật trong khuôn khổ Đối thoại nhà nước pháp quyền Đức-Việt. Với khoảng 70 hội thảo, các cuộc trao đổi về chuyên môn và các chuyến đi khảo sát mỗi năm, Đối thoại nhà nước pháp quyền Đức-Việt đề cập đến rất nhiều nội dung: tư vấn đối với các dự án luật của Việt Nam, tiếp tục phát triển hệ thống pháp luật, bồi dưỡng thẩm phán, công tố viên, luật sư và công chứng viên, tư vấn thực hiện các công ước và quy tắc quốc tế, cải cách pháp luật dân sự (bao gồm pháp luật sở hữu, bảo vệ sở hữu trí tuệ) và pháp luật tố tụng dân sự, pháp luật lao động, công đoàn và xã hội, tiếp tục phát triển pháp luật hình sự và tố tụng hình sự, pháp luật thương mại, cơ chế xét xử của tòa án hiến pháp, khuyến khích các quyền con người, tương trợ tư pháp và các chủ đề khác.

NhÆ° vậy thì rất dễ hiểu tại sao sau lời phát biểu ậm ờ ngày 3/8/2017 của Phát ngôn viên Bộ Ngoại giao VN Lê Thị Thu Hằng  "Tôi lấy làm tiếc về phát biểu ngày 2/8 của người phát ngôn Bộ Ngoại giao Đức", thì ngày hôm sau, 4/8, chính ông Bộ trưởng Bộ Ngoại giao Đức Sigmar Gabriel đã mạnh mẽ tuyên bố: "Chúng tôi sẽ không dung thứ, và không thể dung thứ".

clip_image002

Với bản thông cáo báo chí và biên bản buổi họp báo ngày 2/8/2017, khi đã được đăng trên trang mạng của Bộ Ngoại giao Đức, thì đã qúa rõ ràng là cảnh sát Đức có trong tay bằng chứng chắc chắn về vụ bắt cóc. Đại sứ VN Đoàn Xuân Hưng không dám đối mặt chính quyền Đức, nhà cầm quyền Việt Nam không dám lên tiếng đòi Đức trưng bằng chứng khi trục xuất đại diện Tổng cục Tình báo VN (nhân viên toà đại sứ), đài phát thanh Praha loan tin cảnh sát Séc nhập cuộc điều tra (vì xe bắt cóc mang bảng số xe Séc): giờ đây ngay chính ông TXT có muốn tuyên bố mình không bị bắt cóc cũng không còn được.

Trước sự vi phạm trắng trợn luật pháp Đức và luật pháp quốc tế của nhà cầm quyền Việt Nam, chính phủ Đức không những không thể dung thứ, mà Bộ trưởng S.Gabriel còn phải đau đầu cân nhắc những phương cách để đối trị Việt Nam.

Tổng thống Đức, Quốc hội Liên bang Đức , Liên đoàn Thẩm phán Đức, cũng như chính bản thân Bộ trưởng S. Gabriel đều rất thông thạo về tình hình vi phạm nhân quyền tại Việt Nam và đã từng đích thân can thiệp (4) giúp những nhà tranh đấu dân chủ. Đức cũng thừa biết Việt Nam nếu mất thêm sự ủng hộ của Âu Châu sau khi đã bị Mỹ lơ là, thì càng nhanh chóng bị Trung Quốc khống chế. Nhưng đồng thời khuynh hướng chống những chính phủ độc tài có hành động khủng bố (với dân của họ), dù phải hy sinh những lợi ích kinh tế của Đức, càng ngày càng quyết liệt. Trường hợp Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ cho thấy Đức sẽ không nhân nhượng với Việt Nam, và càng không thể nhân nhượng sau vụ Việt Nam vi phạm chủ quyền của Đức.

Đối trị nhà cầm quyền, làm sao khỏi hại đến dân?

Câu hỏi đã được một người dân Đức nêu lên trong Facebook của Bộ Ngoại giao Đức mà chưa thấy ai đề nghị câu trả lời.

Có lẽ những người dân Việt, thay vì đuổi theo những tin tức giật gân vô bổ về nhân vật Trịnh Xuân Thanh, nên dành thời gian suy nghĩ để đóng góp ý kiến cho ông Bộ trưởng Bộ Ngoại giao Đức, mà cũng là để giúp chính mình, trong tình thế tối đen của dân tộc.

___________________________________________________________________________

(1) http://www.sueddeutsche.de/politik/geheimdienstskandal-politthriller-in-berlin-1.3613750

(2) http://www.vietnam.diplo.de/Vertretung/vietnam/vi/04-Politik/04-01_20bilaterale-beziehungen/0-bilaterale-beziehungen.html

(3) http://thoibao.de/vd-news/11327/pressemitteilung%3A-verschleppung-auf-veranlassung-der-vietnamesischen-regierung-aus-berlin-nach-vietnam%252c-fall-trinh%252c-xuan-thanh.htm http://thoibao.de/tin-nuoc-duc/11322/thong-cao-bao-chi-ve-viec-ong-trinh-xuan-thanh-bi-bat-coc-tai-berlin-%28luat-su-petra-isabel-schlagenhauf%29.htm

(4) https://veto-network.org/

T.Q.

Tác giả gửi BVN


          Qatar Bebaskan Visa untuk Indonesia dan 79 Negara Lainnya        
RAKYATKU.COM - Pemerintah Qatar mengumumkan sebuah program bebas visa bagi warga dari 80 negara, termasuk Indonesia. Hal ini bertujuan untuk mendorong transportasi udara dan pariwisata di tengah boikot…
          Moving guide: 10 things to know before relocating to Qatar        
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          What’s it like to live in Qatar, the world's richest country?        
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          By: Vincen Mathai        
Hi .. I did my High schooling in Qatar , which isn't my country of origin. Can I add the high shcool detail to show that I was borught up in a foreign country for 17 years of my life?
          Paddock Pass Podcast #49 – Qatar GP        

Episode 49 of the Paddock Pass Podcast sees David Emmett and Neil Morrison covering the opening round of the MotoGP Championship, the Qatar GP at Losail International Circuit. The race weekend was a tumultuous affair, with the rain in the desert throwing huge wrenches into the plans of the race organizers. With the qualifying sessions cancelled because […]

The post Paddock Pass Podcast #49 – Qatar GP appeared first on Asphalt & Rubber.


          Paddock Pass Podcast #47 – Qatar MotoGP Test        

Episode 47 of the Paddock Pass Podcast is our last episode from the MotoGP pre-season, and it sees David Emmett and Neil Morrison covering the recent Qatar MotoGP test. Unsurprisingly, a hot topic of that conversation was about Ducati’s aerodynamic unveil – what is lovingly being called the “hammerhead” fairing for the Ducati Desmosedici GP17. The guys also talked about […]

The post Paddock Pass Podcast #47 – Qatar MotoGP Test appeared first on Asphalt & Rubber.


          Qatar Test MotoGP Notes: The Final Dress Rehearsal        

Many (though not all) questions were answered at the Qatar MotoGP test. One of the most frustrating questions of the 2017 preseason has been answered at last, however. For weeks, MotoGP pundits have been puzzling over what could be in the ‘salad box’ slung under the tail of the Ducati […]

The post Qatar Test MotoGP Notes: The Final Dress Rehearsal appeared first on Asphalt & Rubber.


          5 Reasons to Include Citrus Fruit For Low Glycemic Diet        
We have known for years that certain vitamins are essential for good health. For example, we know that a minimum amount of vitamin C prevents scurvy. Scurvy is a disease that affects the proper formation of collagen weak bones, tooth loss and other symptoms caused. Scurvy is fatal if untreated. It is easily prevented by a small amount of vitamin C and is rare in developed countries.

Vitamin C is also found to increase iron absorption and plays a role in preventing anemia. It also acts as an antioxidant and plays an important role in the repair of cellular damage and can help things like cataracts, heart disease and cancer.

Citrus fruits - oranges, tangerines, grapefruit and others - are a good source of vitamin C, citrus fruits, the benefits to include in our diet comes in vitamin C content of these benefits include:

Energy


Fruit contains sugar, mainly in the form of fructose. This is converted into blood glucose during digestion, so that the most important source of energy in our body. The fiber from the fruit blocks the absorption of glucose in the blood is very fast, so that the fruit a good option for people to feed with a low glycemic index.

Weight Control

Citrus, even if the sugar, are low in calories and high in fiber. There is nothing better for our efforts to lose weight by eating citrus fruits as a snack or dessert after meals.

Saturation

Same fiber, which slows the absorption of sugars and happier. There is also a great advantage as an aid to weight reduction.

Disease

There is also evidence that a diet rich in citrus fruits, with its perfect combination of vitamins, nutrients and dietary fiber helps prevent heart disease, cholesterol, blood pressure, cancer, anemia, birth defects and the right Qatar.

The whole is greater than the parts

Many people believe that vitamin C is useful as a piece of fruit. But ignore other nutritious of all fruits. According to the Tufts University School of Food Science, the beneficial effects of various plant nutrients, can never understand all the benefits due to the complexity and interactions. While some phytochemicals are found, they can not prove the health benefits, as they do when they are isolated as part of the whole.

The regime of low glycemic index diet is a healthy and an excellent choice for the control of metabolism and weight later. Including citrus fruits is one of the additional benefits not mentioned above - are delicious!
          Citrus Fruits Advantages        
Sometimes referred to as fruit acids, are the healing benefits. The detoxifying properties of citrus fruit can do wonders to purify the body. Besides the taste of these fruits have many health benefits. Not only do these fruits contain sodium, but low in fat and cholesterol.

The first thing that comes to mind when it comes to vitamin C and its great advantage is the main source of citrus. Besides being full of vitamin C, also contains potassium, niacin, thiamin, sheets, fiber and other nutrients that contribute to the smooth functioning of body organs.

The loot in citrus fruits rich in vitamin C strengthens the body's ability to fight disease. So if you consume each day can do wonders to heal the wounds and do not let harmful germs attack the body. With these fruits can actually prevent coughs, colds and flu.

The abundance of nutritional and medicinal properties found in citrus fruits is an excellent remedy for many diseases that are harmful. The use of this plant is less than essential oils that are an integral part of perfumes and cosmetics are not known.

There are different types of fruits that fall into the category of citrus, oranges, lemons, grapefruit, tangerines, etc. If we can effectively combat scurvy, which operates mainly to lack of vitamin C as a lemon in pain control pain Bee sting. In addition, the lower the risk of cardiovascular disease.

The properties of citrus fruit to absorb iron may be an effective treatment for people with anemia. Those who consume these fruits to develop on a daily basis is relatively rare acts of Qatar. Pregnant women should also eat many fruits of this type.

Eating to aid digestion after a heavy meal possible. This is the main reason to use the orange peel after a meal rich in China has become a tradition. Another way to get the digestive system, for a glass of lemon juice and water to drink, it also helps to reduce weight.

These aspects show the immense importance of citrus fruits in our daily lives. Thus, a part of our daily diet to try the magical healing powers.

          BroadwayWorld Seeks Contributors Near Cape Playhouse & Berkshire Theater        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 5M+ monthly visitors!

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Not located near Berkshire or Cape Playhouse? Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions we're currently recruiting in below!

United States:

Anchorage, Arkansas, Casper, Dayton, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Madison, Milwaukee, Montana, New Hampshire, Sioux Falls, Wichita, Memphis, Tulsa, Vermont, Provincetown, South Dennis (RI), and Stockbridge(MA).

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          Hasil dan Jadwal Bali United FC ISL 2017 ( QNB League ) - Piala Presiden 2017        


Daftar Jadwal Bali United FC QNB League 2017 – Jadwal Bali United FC ISL2017 – Jadwal Bali United FC Piala Presiden 2017 – Sepakbola Indonesia sedang bangkit dari tidurnya. Semangat ini ditunjukan dengan prestasi TIMNAS Indonesia yang hanya dengan sedikit Persiapan bisa meraih Runer Up Piala AFF Suzuki Cup 2016. Tentu ini sangat membanggakan. Sekarang Pembekuan Sepak Bola Indonesia sudah dicabut. Indonesia harus mulai membangun persepakbolaan yang bagus.

Bali United FC adalah salah satu klub terbaik di Indonesia. Dari klub iniliah diharapkan muncul pemain – pemain terbaik yang bisa membela Tim Nasional Indonesia. Bali United FC 2017 selalu aktif mengikuti kompetisi dan turnamen di Indonesia salah satunya Piala Presiden 2017 dan Liga Super Indonesia / Indonesian Super League ( ISL ) 2017. 




Apakah QNB League sama dengan ISL ? Banyak sekali yang bertanya tentang hal tersebut. Sebenarnya QNB League dan ISL sama saja. Sekarang ini Liga Super Indonesia ( ISL ) disponsori oleh Qatar National Bank ( QNB ) sejak tahun 2015 hingga 2017 sekarang ini, Maka dari itu Liga Super Indonesia berganti nama menjadi QNB League 2017.

Klub berjuluk Serdadu Tridatu memiliki banyak Suporter beberapa diantaranya adalah Brigaz Bali. Mereka selalu hadir dan mendukung penuh klub kebanggaan Bali. Untuk itu, adanya informasi Jadwal yang akurat sangat diperlukan. Ketika musim sepakbola sudah dimulai, suasana demam bola dimana mana, banyak yang mencari informasi tentang Jadwal Pertandingan Bali United FC ISL 2017 atau Jadwal Bali United FC Piala Presiden 2017.


A. ISL – Liga Super Indonesia 2017 ( QNB League 2017 )
Jadwal Bali United FC ISL ( Liga Super Indonesia ) 2017


Hasil Pertandingan – Hasil Skor Akhir Bali United FC ISL 2017


B. Piala Presiden 2017
Jadwal Bali United FC Piala Presiden 2017


Hasil Pertandingan – Hasil Skor Akhir Bali United FC Piala Presiden 2017


Semoga Bali United FC selalu menang dan bisa menjadi juara. Liga Super Indonesia adalah kasta tertinggi Sepakbola di Indonesia. Beberapa klub yang tidak bisa tampil bagus dan berada pada urutan klasemen terakhir pasti akan terdegradasi ke Divisi Utama. Banyak sekali klub – klub dari berbagai kota yang ingin bisa masuk dan bermain di Kompetisi Liga Super Indonesia 2017.

          Hasil dan Jadwal Persib Bandung ISL 2017 ( QNB League ) - Piala Presiden 2017        

Hasil Pertandingan Persib Bandung Tadi Sore - Daftar Jadwal Persib Bandung QNB League 2017 – Jadwal Persib Bandung ISL2017 – Jadwal Persib Piala Presiden 2017 – Sepakbola Indonesia sedang bangkit dari tidurnya. Semangat ini ditunjukan dengan prestasi TIMNAS Indonesia yang hanya dengan sedikit Persiapan bisa meraih Runer Up Piala AFF Suzuki Cup 2016. Tentu ini sangat membanggakan. Sekarang Pembekuan Sepak Bola Indonesia sudah dicabut. Indonesia harus mulai membangun persepakbolaan yang bagus.

Persib Bandung adalah salah satu klub terbaik di Indonesia. Dari klub iniliah diharapkan muncul pemain – pemain terbaik yang bisa membela Tim Nasional Indonesia. Persib Bandung selalu aktif mengikuti kompetisi dan turnamen di Indonesia salah satunya Piala Presiden 2017 dan Liga Super Indonesia / Indonesian Super League ( ISL ) 2017. 

Hasil dan Jadwal Persib Bandung ISL 2017 ( QNB League ) - Piala Presiden 2017

 
Apakah QNB League sama dengan ISL ? Banyak sekali yang bertanya tentang hal tersebut. Sebenarnya QNB League dan ISL sama saja. Sekarang ini Liga Super Indonesia ( ISL ) disponsori oleh Qatar National Bank ( QNB ) sejak tahun 2015 hingga 2017 sekarang ini, Maka dari itu Liga Super Indonesia berganti nama menjadi QNB League 2017.

Klub berjuluk Maung Bandung memiliki banyak Suporter beberapa diantaranya adalah Bobotoh – Viking. Mereka selalu hadir dan mendukung penuh klub kebanggaan Bandung. Untuk itu, adanya informasi Jadwal yang akurat sangat diperlukan. Ketika musim sepakbola sudah dimulai, suasana demam bola dimana mana, banyak yang mencari informasi tentang Jadwal Pertandingan Persib Bandung ISL 2017 atau Jadwal Persib Bandung Piala Presiden 2017.


A. ISL – Liga Super Indonesia 2017 ( QNB League 2017 )
Jadwal Persib Bandung ISL ( Liga Super Indonesia ) 2017
1.
2.
 
Hasil Pertandingan – Hasil Skor Akhir Persib Bandung ISL 2017
1.
2.

B. Piala Presiden 2017
Jadwal Persib Bandung Piala Presiden 2017
1.
2.

Hasil Pertandingan – Hasil Skor Akhir Persib Bandung Piala Presiden 2017
1.
2.
 
Semoga Persib Bandung selalu menang dan bisa menjadi juara. Liga Super Indonesia adalah kasta tertinggi Sepakbola di Indonesia. Beberapa klub yang tidak bisa tampil bagus dan berada pada urutan klasemen terakhir pasti akan terdegradasi ke Divisi Utama. Banyak sekali klub – klub dari berbagai kota yang ingin bisa masuk dan bermain di Kompetisi Liga Super Indonesia 2017.

          Fantasy Cycling 2017 competition list        

Here's the UCI WT list for 2017: all these races should be in the 2017 game.

17-22 January Santos Tour Down Under (Australia)
29 January Cadel Evans Great Ocean Road Race (Australia)
6-10 February Tour of Qatar (Qatar)
23-26 February Abu Dhabi Tour (United Arab Emirates)
25 February Omloop Het Nieuwsblad (Belgium)
04 March Strade Bianche (Italy)
5-12 March Paris-Nice (France)
8-14 March Tirreno-Adriatico (Italy)
18 March Milano-Sanremo (Italy)
20-26 March Volta Ciclista a Catalunya (Spain)
22 March Dwars Door Vlaanderen / A travers la Flandre (Belgium)
24 March Record Bank E3 Harelbeke (Belgium)
26 March Gent-Wevelgem in Flanders Fields (Belgium)
02 April Ronde van Vlaanderen / Tour des Flandres (Belgium)
3-8 April Vuelta al País Vasco (Spain)
09 April Paris-Roubaix (France)
16 April Amstel Gold Race (Netherlands)
18-23 April Presidential Cycling Tour of Turkey (Turkey)
19 April La Flèche Wallonne (Belgium)
23 April Liège-Bastogne-Liège (Belgium)
25-30 April Tour de Romandie (Switzerland)
01 May Eschborn-Frankfurt « Rund um den Finanzplatz » (Germany)
6-28 May Giro d’Italia (Italy)
14-21 May Amgen Tour of California (United States)
4-11 June Critérium du Dauphiné (France)
10-18 June Tour de Suisse (Switzerland)
1-23 July Tour de France (France)
29 July Clásica Ciclista San Sebastian (Spain)
29 July-4 August Tour de Pologne (Poland)
30 July Prudential RideLondon-Surrey Classic (Great Britain)
7-13 August Eneco Tour (Benelux)
19 August-10 September Vuelta a España (Spain)
20 August Cyclassics Hamburg (Germany)
27 August Bretagne Classic – Ouest-France (France)
08 September Grand Prix Cycliste de Québec (Canada)
10 September Grand Prix Cycliste de Montréal (Canada)
30 September Il Lombardia (Italy)

 

Some of those didn't feature this year. but since one of the things I want to do is have a UCI WorldTour competition, they'll need to all be in

Others we've had in the game in the past include

  • Other Spring Classics, but for the UCI comp thing to work we would need them to be in a separate comp or run individually
  • Tour of Oman
  • Dubai Tour
  • Tour of Britain
  • Tour de Yorkshire
  • Giro del Trentino
  • Ruta del Sol
  • Volta ao Algarve
  • Criterium International
  • Tour de San Luis
  • World Champs
  • USA Pro Challenge
  • Tour of Beijing
  • Tour Mediterenéen

What should be in/out for 2017? Have your say!


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          xırıstıyan Azerbaycanlıların folklorumuzdaki yerleri:        
xırıstıyan Azerbaycanlıların folklorumuzdaki yerleri:
Salmaslı qul Hartun



Dr. Tohid Melikzade




Yüz illerdir ki Azeraycanda müselmanlarla birlikde xırıstıyanlar da yaşamaktalar. Bu xalqların yerli olub olmalarına dayir yüzlerce meqale ve yazı yazılmışdır. Yerli olmadıqlarını hesab eden şexsler bu adamların Azerbaycanın eşiyinden ve baıqa ölkelerdeen daxile gelmelerini söyleyirler. Azerbaycanlı hetta Türk esilli olduqlarını duşunenler yavaş yavaş onların kimliklerinı arşdırırlar.
Araşdırmalarımız gösterire ki tarixi Azerbaycanın cenub hissesinde (indiki İran ) erazisinde yaşayan Türklerin bir çoxu Türk kökenli ancaq xırıstıyan Gregoryan inançlı Türkler olmuşdur. Bu tedqiqat hem elmi hemde tarixi ve ictimayi araşdırmalar neticesinde ortaya çıxmışdır. İslamiyetden qabaq xalqımızın bir qısmının xırıstıyan dinine inansa da yüz iller zerfinde bu Gregoryan inanclı Türkler öz qonşu olduqlraı Ermeni Gregoryanlarla qaynaşmaya başlayıp bezen Ermenileşmişler. Onların Ermenileşmeleri 19 esrin evvellerine qeder yeni Azerbaycana Misyonerlerin dini tebliğ üçün gelmeleri zamana qeder devam etdi . Misyonerlerin çalışmaları neticesinde Gregoryan Türklerin kimliği Ermeni olarak değişdirili. Bu deyişılmeye baxmayaraq asimilye olmuş Türklerin eski Türk deb ve sünnetleri misal üçün Aşıq geleneyi, şerler, musiqi, yemek terzleri, aralarında itib batmamaışdır ve bugün Azerbaycanin ber çox yerinde bu ortaqliqlara rast gelmek mümkündür.
19. esrin en böyük şair ve aşıqlarından birisi elecede Gergoryan Türklerinden olan Salmnaslı qul Hartun olmuşdur. Onun salmasda hansı kendde ve hansı tarixde anadan olması belli deyil. O özünü salmaslı olaraq qeyd edir:
Adım qul Hartun vetenim Salmas elime vetene xayin deyilem
Ama mezar daşının salmasın Sarna kendinde olması şairin bu kendde anadan olub yaşamasına bir fakt olabiler. Bu gün xalq arası onu gören yaxud şerlerini bilen olmasada Azebaycanın bütün şairleri xususile batı Azerbaycan ve urmiye-Salmas menteqesi şair ve aşıqları onun haqqında hikayler ve şerler bilirler. Bizim bu araşdırmamızda bu aşıqların sinelerinde olan xatireler ve Qul Hartunun şerlerinin çox mühüm yeri olmuşdur.Qul Hartunun adında gelen qul kelimesi Azerbaycan aşıq sisteminde çox görünen leqblerdendir.
Aşıqlar tesevvüf irfandan asılı olaraq özlerini kşöşdmek ve allah yanında mütevazi qul kimi görünmek üçün öz lerini Qul. Xeste, Pir, miskin ve s. Adlayırmışlar.
Qul Hartunda Hurufilik izleri de elimize gelen şerlerinde görünür:
Oxumuşam dörd kitabı erebi Türki Tatar yirmi seggiz hurufum var ezberim dilde qatar
Qul Hartun heqiqi menada arif idi. Onun zahiri dinle heç elaqesi yoxuydu. Elimizde olan şerlerinde Muselman- şiee inanclarına aid şerleri bu idaamızı tesdıq etmektedir. İsalm peygemberi, HZ.Eli, Hz. Hüseyn, kerbela şehidleri Hartunun şerlerinde önemli yer daşımaqdadır.
Hartunun salmas ve etraf kendlerinde heyat hikayelerinden bir az numuneler elde var. Bu hikayeler Hartunun dünya görüşünü beyan etmektedir.
Şerlerinde 65 il Salmasda aşıqlıq etmesi qeyd olub:
65 il elde olmuşam aşıq inden bele daha olanmam aşıq
Tar oldu gözümden gördüğüm işiq
Kesilib taqetde dizlerim menim
Çerxi felek meni getdi zinhare
Göylümü geminen çekibdi dare
Salmaslı qul Hartun deyir ölenden sonra
qorxuram kece döne sözlerim menim.
Texminen o 80 il yaşamış ve mezar daşına istinaden o Salmasın Sarna kendinde bu dünyaya göz yummuşdu. Hartunun mezar daşında elinde saz olan bir adam hekk olmuşdur. Sazı ise dize qoyulan salmasda Tanbıraya meşheur olan bir sazdır. Bu mezarr daşları ölen adamların peşe işlerini izah eden simgelerdir.
Revayetlere göre Hartun ölürken cenazesi üç gün yerlede qalır. Muselmanlar onu xırıstıyan, xırıstıyanlar ise onu muselman olaraq hesab edirdiler. Son olaraq xırıstıyanlar Hartunu xırıstıyan adetlerine göre quylayırlar. Bu gün onun adamlarından yaxud tanış qohumlarından bir nefer rast gelmemişik. Belke birinci dünya savaşı sırasında menteqede ciloluq deyilen Ermeni ve Asorular terefinden müselmenların soyqırımı ve xırıstıyanların menteqeden qaçmaları ve ya ölmeleri Qul Hartunun xatirelerden çıxmasına sebeb olmuşdur.
İndi ise qul Hartunun şerleri
Elif allah yaradandı dünyanı
Yeddi tebeqesi yanar suca tek
Be bulut altından bir zemin asman
Xe xudam de asmanda tekatek
Xe xudam xelq edib semade al quşu
Bir de cim cesedde yoxdu tay tuşu
He heyatda beş yüz de onun yaşı
Dal ha dal vextinde gezer tekatek
Gece gündüz men eylerem ha terif
Sünniye şieye kebeye şerif
Rey senden keçecek bir neçe huruf
Qaf qadirdi her zaman de tekatek
Hartun deyir ne şirin sen ax veten
Nelet çekim çuğul çıxsın araden
Yeri göyü erşi kürşü yaradan
Tek allahdı her zaman da tekatek

Dad felek senin ellerinden gözlerim qan ağladı
Men ki qan ağlamazdım cismim de can ağladı
Bir tükenmez derde düşdüm heç bulunmaz çareler
Aşkarda ata bilmedim sirri punhan ağladı
İbrahım qırdı bütleri özü yanmadı nare
Eyyub bir derde düşmüşdü luqman bulmadı çare
Yehya da keçdi serinden zekerya düşdü tora
İsa çekildi çarmixa Ermenistan ağladı
Qom xelqi yığışdılar heqqi dilden saldılar
Ehli küfe bi heyaler imam üste geldiler
Yetmiş iki şüheda cümle şehid oldular
Kesildi Hüseynin başı erşi asman ağladı
Yüz yirmi dört min peygember beşi, ololezmdi
Peygemberi axirezzaman o bize şefaetdi
Qurulub eresate mehşer deyirler qiyametdi
Beçara salmaslı Hartun etdi dastan ağladı


Naşı bağban bağa vardın barıynan işin nedi
Almasın der heyvasın der narıynan işin nedi
Şeyda bülbül ceh ceh vurar qızıl gül eşqine
Sen ki gül alan deyilsen xarıynan işin nedi
Bir bağa girebilmesen girib seyran eyleme
Bir gülü dere bülmesen derib xendan eyleme
Bir gözeli alanmasan sevib heyran eyleme
Sen ki yar alan deyilsen yarınnan işin ne di
Bir meclise getmeginen orada dura bilmesen
Bir göylü yıxmagınan yıxıb höre bilmesen
Uzun dil qıssa olar cevab vere bilmesen
Yoxsulsan alçaqdan yeri varıynan işin nedi
Salmaslı Qul Hartun deyir yazılar geldi başa
İçdim pir elinden qeynedim geldim coşa
Sen zorun sınamamışdan yapışma ağır daşa
Sen ki avsunkar deyilsen marıynan işin nedi

Bir ağac ki kamil olsa ibtida kökden qurur
Qenim oğlan nezer salsa suyu qudretden yerir
Şükr olsun xudaye quru ağac bar verir
Meyvesi insan üçün dı kala mehmanem bu gün
Dörd kitabı bir bilenler sidqiyle heqqi tapar
Zerrece ağlı olanlar arıdan merfet tapar
Arı yığar min çiçeyi onnan mecun yapar
Mumu şamdanda yanan bala heyranem bugün
Bu nece bülbüldü gelir cem cesed yaredi
Bu dünyanın dostları qelbi qaredi
Leyliden xeber aldılar mecnun çox biçaredi
Yarın üzüne baxanda xala heyranem bu gün
Ol biçare aşıq hartn ah çeker nale teper
Kimisi suyun qızdırar kimisi sidrin töker
Uyma çox dünya maline üç beş arşın bez yeter
Serin torpağa varanda sala mehmanem bu gün
Xudam bendesine kemal verende
Neden bez adam az aldı getdi
Ustad mehzerine talib olanlar
İrfan meclisinden söz aldı getdi
Senden açılar cennetin deri
Oynamaqdır gözellerin hüneri
Cemalın görsetdi Selatin peri
Hüsnün zekatından göz aldı getdi
Adam vardı bu dünyaye gelibdi
Adam vardı kökü qazıldı getdi
Payız ezizlerinde pozulu bağlar
Köç oley yaylaqlar var oley bağlar
Salmaslı qul Hartun ha deyib ağlar
Çadırın tenabı pozuldu getdi
Göyden iki melek yendi biri dilli biri lal
Dillinin cevabını verdim lala bilmem neyleyim
Biri cane qesd eyledi biri malım istedi
Malımı teqdim eyledim canı bilmem neylayim
Gevvas olub derin derin deryalere dalmadım
Saralıban heyva kimi bir ürekden solmadım
Men bir naşı serraf idim lel qedrin bilmedim
Leli verdim bir nadana alabilmem neyleyim
ey ilahi geden yoxdu name yazım dostuma
Gece gündüz ser reqibler girib canım qesdime
Qusse menim mende sazı alıb sinem üstüne
Üreyimi qem bağladı çala bilmem neyleyim
Gel beçara aşıq Hartun ne gezirsen Tebrizi
Qismet olsa el bağında derersen gülü nergizi
İlahiden emr olunay geler ömrüm qebizi
Allaha bir can boşluyam qala bilmem neyleyim
*************************************************************
Ademden ireli Nuhdan beri
Neçe eyyam neçe iller itibdi
Neçe peygemberler neçe evliya
Musa kimi Ä°mran diller itibdi
Hanı Davud oğlu Yusifi Suleyman
Getdi qehremanlar boş qaldı meydan
Meşeler eslanı şire kergeden
Rustem ocağından zallar itibdi
Hanı yequb oğlu mehbube selatin
Aya güne benzer yusif sifetin
Demir tek yetdi Öz hükümetin
Nadir kimi qehremanlar itibdi
Salmaslı qul Hartun derin boylama
Dayazda durgunan derin boylama
Feleyin çerxiynen şerti bağlama
Sennen de yade bunlr da düşdü

Elimin deryasinnan üzüb çıxmışam
Dayazıyam hele derin derin deyilem
Ustad hevenginde men döyülmüşem
İrisiyem hele narın deyilem
Ağam bade verib men de doluyam
Ustadların sağıyam hem soluyam
Şairlerin qulamıyam quluyam
Ayağıyam hele seri deyilem
İriyem iriynen düzem düzünen
Kirpiyem qaş altda gözüm gözünnen
Vurmamışam vurulmaram sözünnen
Acıyam acıya şirin deyilem
Bazarım kesaddı metaım almas
Gubarlı göylümü nece tutub pas
Adım qul Hartun vetenim salmas
elime vetene xayin deyilem
Bu çerxi dövrandı ha gelib geçer
Bir den yoxsul birden bar olur göylüm
Bir den göz evinde dünya dar olur
Gem möhnet çulquyub dar olur göylüm
Dem göyüllü laledi gülle açılı
Dem saet demin xeyallar geçiri
Dem göylüm şüşedi sınar puç oley
dem ahozar eyle tar olar göylüm
Dem qocaldım Qed dalım büküldü
Ax didem yaşı ömrüm söküldü
Dem el geldi meylime su töküldü
qul Hartun üstünde dar olur göylüm
gel deli göylüm sızıldar canın senin
özün yetir bir luqmane bilsin dermanın senin
gerdiş vurar qerar tutmaz çerxi dovranın senin
umran dilin bende düşer bilmez dehanın senin
tavşır heqqin emanetin cesedde canın senin
oxumuşam dört kitabı erebi ,türki, tatar
yirmi seggiz hurufum var ezberim dillerde qatar
penahımsan perverdigarım esrarım eyleme setar
cehenemin narından eziz bendeyin qurtar
yetmiş iki milletim var tutar damenin senin
sen ki meni xelq eyledin gözüm yaşı axınır
şemsi qemer erş üzünde bir birine toxunur
zülmet nure qalib oldu şebi tare yaxınır
gönderibsen dörd kitabı el içinde oxunur
dil cevabı erz eylerem İncil Quranısenin
uyma şeytanın feline babal gelib qalana
kimler deyir kimler güler gedib sallanar
yetişeller hesabına nalen erşe dayanar
bir gün olar sur çalınar külli mexluq oyanar
geçersen pole sıratdan olsa emalın senin
evvel heqqin dergahında şeytan oldu şermende
sidqi dilden çağıranlar heç vaxt olmaz dermande
heqqin min bir adı vardır gece- gündüz dillerde
yığılar külle mexluqat sual oldu mehşerde
gel beçara aşıq Hartun nece olub halin senin
Bahar fesli bu gülşane gelende
Şeyda bülbül nale çeker şeş ha şeş
Erş üzünde şöle çekir mahtab
Elif üstde be yazılmış şeş ha şeş
Beheşdin qapısın benzertdin yaze
Tülek terlan aşıq olubdur saze
Bir insan sidqinen dursa namaze
Axır alar metlebin şeş ha şeş
Allahdan istediyin movladan dile
Xelq edib yaradıb özü şeş ha şeş
Hartun deyir işim aho zar old
Derd elinden qere bağrım yarıldı
Kefenim biçildi qebrim qazıldı
Düşman güler dostlar ağlar Şeş ha şeş

Elif allah be bünyadı qılanda
Yaratdı Dünyanı o saet saet
Göylünde bir fikir xeyal eyledi
Xelq etdi ademi o saet saet
Adam varid oldu orda cennete
Bir gile azdiler atdı zülmete
Günahkar söyledi ta qiyamete
Soydular rextini o saet saet
Geyretin saxlayan üç kimsenedi
Heç kes bilmez olar ne firiştedi
Heqden inciyen olub gelib alaydı
Vereydim canımı o saet saet
Can çıxanda mindireller semende
Bayquş tek sizlere men bu veranda
Her ne ki yazır incil quranda
Oxullar üstünde o saet saet
İncile bağlıyam heq divaınında
salmaslı qul Hartun heq divanında
Çekerler günahımı heq divanında
Allah versin zindane o saet saet
***********************************************************************
Heq teala yatdı cennet içinde
Özü öz eliynen dört putağı dört
Keramet eyledi qalxdı eyağe
Göyüllü dünyanın dört qırağı dört
Suyu tesnif etdi sim feday
Şölesin görsetdş gün olan aye
Bu ne kimsenedi geldi dünyaye
Cesed bir baş iki dört qulağı dört
Adem oğlu bilmez o ne teherdi
Onun bir qetresi leli govherdi
İçin kimse bilmez abe kovserdi
Cennet bağçasın dört bulağı dört
Cennet bağçasının oxur bülbülü
Heq özü kerimdi unutmaz qulu
Eliye bexş etdi verdi düldülü
Geybden nallandı dört dırnağı dört
Göyden yendirdiler o melakeler
Menim ehvalımı kimse bilmez
İkisi yıxılsa ikisi qalar
Salmaslı Hartunun dörd otağı dört
Bizden salam olsun arif olana
O nece deryadı ayağdı yeddi
Üçyüz altmış altı şemdan içinde
Yanar şüle verer çirağı yeddi
Neçesin benzertdim o süleymane
Neçesin benzertdim o qehremane
Neçe qurban geldi yequbi kenane
Xetm oldu yussifin sedası yeddi
O dil nedi doymaq olmaz doyundan
Ne bülbüldı gileylidi xuyunnan
Ne bulağdı içmaq olmaz suyunnan
Her dem coşa geler eyağı yeddi
Neçe min qeledi neçe min hasar
Neçe min melekle defterin yazar
Mescidi minberi tamam lalezar
O kimin textidi dayağı yeddi
Salmaslı Hartunam dedim yeddisin
yeddi dal yeddi bağ yeddi yeddisin
yeddi çağ yeddi ağ yeddi yeddisin
o ne dil deyir dodağı yeddi
ne beyladı xan textinde xan duran
qedağandı qızıl yare xesaxes
ne idi ki dolanırdı yunanı
ne idi ki çekdi yare xesa xes
iskender atlandı sedaye geldi
geydi al yaşılı sedaye geldi
ne idi ki heqden sedaye geldi
ne idi ki çekdi yare xesa xes
sey eyle inamı heqqi tanıyasan
edalet, sen yetiş dade barı sen
Aşiq Hartun deyir sarı banısen
Her seher yad eyle yarı xesa xes





Qynaqlar:
Melikzade, Tohid, 2006, Azerbaycanda ciloluq fecayei, Tebriz
Melikzade. Tohid. 2005. salmasın on min illik tarixi. Tebriz
Melikzade, T,. Abbasi,.k, Salmsalı qul Hartun, varlıq degisi , 2002
Melikzade, Tohid, xususi folklor arşivi
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Top World News Now                 
March 3, 2013


United States
Obama Pardons 17 Felons, First in His Second Term
DHS built domestic surveillance tech into Predator drones
'Hundreds of thousands' of documents captured with Osama bin Laden, but only 17 released
Michigan governor moves to appoint emergency manager in Detroit
Pentagon Plans to Ask for Base Closures 
Thousands of Soldiers to Leave Europe
U.S. lawmakers question military aid to Egypt, citing concerns about Israel
US factory work is returning, but the industry has changed
'Anonymous' Hacker Explains Why He Fled The US
Among Most Polluted in US, NYC Area Awaits Cleanup
US Budget Cuts Force Yellowstone to Delay Opening
Obama signs sequester bill
Obama moves a step closer to approval of Keystone pipeline
Navy Building a Drone Base in Sunny Malibu


Russia
Ukrainian leader, fresh from EU talks, to meet Putin
Russian Arms Trade Czar Says "War" Declared on Weapon Supplies to Syria
Russian demonstrators rally in support of U.S. adoption ban
Moscow Police to Probe Alleged Rally Payment Scam
Moscow Mayor says no to more mosques in the city
Opposition’s ‘Social March’ Fizzles Out in Moscow
Uzbek National Shot Dead in Moscow
Putin, Obama stress cooperation, pledge to 'avoid deterioration' in relations
Russia presses for extradition of fugitive banker
Ukrainian President: Gas contract with Russia is killing us
Putin Signals Russia Can Be More Flexible on Syria
Putin says Russia should listen to French arguments on Syria, over vodka
Russians commend Putin's performance, believe he can keep election promises


China
Islands Dispute: China Warns Japan Ahead Of Legislative Session
A push for change in China as new leaders take the helm
China's reform roadmap gets clearer
China "fully prepared" for currency war
China divided on TV 'execution parade': judicial resolve or crude voyeurism
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Kills 12 in Chinese Coal Mine
Spill in China Underlines Environmental Concerns
China's fourth space launch center to be in use in two years
Xi Jinping taking on corruption in China
Premier Li Keqiang, as Hu Jintao protege, may be outgunned on policy
China calls for decreased tension on Korean Peninsula
5 Tibetans, mostly Buddhist monks, arrested for inciting self-immolations
Darkness at noon as worst dust storm in months mixes with morning smog
China's First Aircraft Carrier on Way to Permanent Base at Qingdao in North


United Kingdom‎
Cameron: UK 'can transform Africa' with G8
Cameron Vows To Stay The Course
Cameron buries hatchet with Plebgate MP Andrew Mitchell - and offers him £250,000 EU job
Government fights Europe over air pollution reduction
EU banker pay cap 'threatens thousands of British jobs'
Revealed: One in four of UK's top companies pay no tax
Banker Andrei Borodin granted asylum in Britain after fleeing Russia
UK Explorer: Green Campaigning Has Failed
UK commits £88m to Chilean telescope 'as big as all existing ones put together'
Paedophile ring leader, Colin Peters, linked to Barnes scandal
Cameron vows to defend UK banks


European Union
Hundreds of thousands march against austerity in Portugal
Italy paralysed as Grillo plots exit route from euro
Italian newcomer Grillo predicts collapse in six months
Italy President Napolitano calls for realism after vote
Greek military prepares for mass repression
1000s hold anti-austerity demo in Greece
At least 22 people hurt in Macedonia ethnic protests over new defense minister
Mass layoffs at Caterpillar in Belgium
Dark Rumblings Of A Coup D'État In Spain
Spain Delays Catalunya Banc Auction
Spain overturns Islamic face veil ban
Thousands march in Portugal to protest austerity

Germany
Germany Blasted for Role in Europe's Crisis
German states rail against 'stupid' wealth transfers
Italian president says Germany must give EU recovery a boost
Germany Debates Fracking as Energy Costs Rise
Bitter feud divides family of Germany's reunification leader
Racism in German military mirrors society
Germany discovers toxin in animal fodder
Angela Merkel Wishes Bulgaria's Borissov Quick Recovery
Merkel cabinet lowers bars to German labor market
Kerry praises Germany's 'exemplary leadership' in Europe
Italian president scraps meeting with German opposition leader over "clown" remarks

France
Hollande leads tributes to 'a great figure' and resistance fighter
As France's Mali mission grows, so does terror threat from homegrown militants inside France
France considers marijuana-based drug
France will not reach 2015 disabled access target
Paris seeks alternative to 75% tax
France-Qatar tensions rise over Mali war, Tunisia
Hollande juggles trade, human rights in Moscow
Hollande to Talk Syria Settlement With Putin
Kerry holds talks on Mali with French leadership
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Al-Qaeda leader behind Algeria gas plant hostage massacre killed in Mali
US Seeks to Confirm Report of Terror Leader's Death
Syria: Fierce Clashes in Provincial Capital Raqqa
Assad Forces Take Aleppo Village, Reopening Supply Line
Syrian President Assad Blasts British Government
Iran Says Syria’s Assad to Run for 2014 Election
How Does the U.S. Mark Unidentified Men in Pakistan and Yemen as Drone Targets?
Syrian Rebels Angry Over US Aid: ‘Only Thing We Want Is Weapons’

Insight Into Today’s News
Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
Norway Enters The Currency Wars
The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
The Last Liberal Branch of Government
US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

Israel
Netanyahu secretly visited Jordan to discuss peace with Palestinians
Netanyahu gets two more weeks to form Israel coalition
3 Syrian Mortars Land in Southern Golan Heights
Gaza Border: Senior Officer's Vehicle Hit by Gunshots
New coalition will have to freeze construction outside settlement blocs
Tissue tests planned for Israelis in Gaza who want to cross border
Palestinian PM evacuated from West Bank after Israeli soldiers fire teargas at protesters
Sequestration: Israel Could ‘Gradually’ Lose $500 Million in US Aid
Netanyahu blasts Erdogan's 'dark and libelous' criticism of Zionism


Turkey
Scud Missile Fired in Syria Lands Near Iraqi Village
Bombs Kill at Least 22 in Iraqi Capital
Erdoğan: Islamophobia, anti-Semitism same
Turkey's Difficult Choice in Palestine, Israel
Erdogan Calls for More Support for Syrian Opposition
Kurdish leader 'outlines' Turkey peace plan
More Military Arrests in Turkey For 'Feb. 28 Process'
Turkey Provides Schools for Syrian Refugee Children
Iraq budget stalemate deepens over Kurd oil payments
Iraq continues to allow Iranian overflights to Syria


Egypt
John Kerry visits Egypt as dozens injured in violent protests
Kerry urges Egypt to take difficult economic steps; opposition figures skip meetings
Protesters Demand Armed Forces Intervention in Cairo
Ex-member: Muslim Brotherhood has secret societies in 80 nations, including U.S.
Bahrain Activist Zainab Al-Khawaja Sentenced to Jail
176 Protesters Held in Saudi Arabia
Qatar's Influence in Egypt Runs Deeper Than Its Pockets
Morsi criticized for reaction to tragedy
Parties who boycotted Morsi's national dialogue invited to send suggestions
Opposition refuse to stand in Egypt's parliamentary elections

Iran
Ahmadinejad: National dialogue only way to end Syria crisis
Ahmadinejad: West's war against Iran media doomed to failure  
Ahmadinejad to Visit Pakistan This Month to Inaugurate IP Gas Pipeline Construction
Threatening Iran Won't Help in Nuclear Talks, Envoy Says
Seized Chinese Weapons Raise Concerns on Iran
Head Of Iran's Qods Force Suggests Assad Is Vulnerable
Sanction-Hit Iran Fears Unrest as New Elections Near
Khamenei tells Zardari pipeline must advance despite US opposition
Ahmadinejad Aide’s Candidacy a Challenge to Iran’s Theocratic Status Quo
Ahmadinejad, Zardari Stress Expansion of Iran-Pakistan Ties


Venezuela
Hugo Chavez undergoing chemotherapy
VP Maduro: Capriles Seeks Destabilization in Venezuela
Venezuela decries "absurd" rumors over Chavez death
Maduro: Chavez ‘battling’ for his life
Rumours swirl as Chavez stays out of sight
Former envoy claims Venezuela's Chavez is dead
Venezuela government denies rumours about Chavez
Venezuelans hold demo in support of Chavez
Student demonstration dispersed by authorities in Venezuela
FARC: Colombia government to blame for coffee strike


Brazil
Brazil to get its first nuclear subs
Rousseff Meets Nigerian Leader for Trade Talks
Brazil's Unemployment Rises More Than Forecast in January
Prosecutors investigate spying charges against consortium building dam in Brazil
Brazil turns to Catholic Church to quash crack epidemic
Brazil Wind Developers May Be Required to Build New Power Lines
No one is safe from Argentina's drug war
Modern Slavery Rears its Ugly Head in Chile
Chilean Navy Saves 25 Stranded Whales, 20 Die
Peru says American couple found; family wants 'proof of life'


Mexico
Nieto Says Justice Will Be Done in Union Boss’s Case
Six Bodies Found in Mexico, Including Teenage Boy Earlier Arrested for Murder
Mexican Daily Hit by Third Attack This Week
Army Kills 4 Gunmen in Northern Mexico
Two Police Gunned Down in Guatemala
Fire hits big Mexico City marketplace
Pena Nieto enacts major education reform
Powerful head of Mexico teachers union is arrested
Mexico to Launch New Police Force Later This Year

Cuba Dissident’s Daughter Says Dad’s Death Was No Accident
Cuban Dissidents Hope to Build Mass Organization
A post-Castro Cuba
Chavez Congratulates Raul Castro on Re-Election
Castro Retirement News Prompts Tepid Response In Miami
Transition now seen as underway in Cuba
Cooperatives Could Save Cuban Socialism
South African medical students in Cuba may be deported
No ease for Cuba from US state sponsor of terrorism list


United Nations
U.N. Security Council asks for report on possible Mali peacekeepers
Ban Tones Down Criticism of Rwanda Over Congo Claims
UN chief says Iran should gain world confidence over its disputed atomic plan
Libya to ask U.N. to lift arms embargo
UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
          SZIU degrees recognised in Qatar        

The Qatari Supreme Education Council published a list of higher educational institutions from 58 countries at the end of December 2014.


          Syrian Army Recaptures Ancient Christian Town From Jihadis        
The military action follows seizure of the rebel-held Syrian border town of Rankous, in the strategically located Qalamoun region, which deprives the opposition their last major base in the area and cuts off a former supply line for weapons and fighters from neighbouring Lebanon. Maaloula had earlier been overran by Islamist fighters, some belonging to the al-Qaida linked Al Nusra front, who also took 13 nuns captive from their convent. They were freed in a prisoner swap deal brokered by Qatar and Lebanon. [...]
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          Harlah NU ke-88 Kabupaten Bogor Bersama Masyayikh Timur Tengah        
Hadirilah Dalam rangka HARLAH NU KE 88,PCNU KABUPATEN BOGOR MENGUNDANG NAHDLIYIN SE DUNIAuntuk hadir dalam “Do’a Bersama untuk Keselamatan Bangsa dan Negara”tempat di Lapangan tegar Beriman Pemda kabupaten Bogorpada : tgl 3 Pebruari 2013Jam 08:00-12:00acara akan di isi oleh beberapa masayich dari Al-Jazair, Maroko, Qatar, Arab saudi dan mesirrangkaian acara akan di mulai sejak Hari […]
          Crise du Golfe : l’Arabie saoudite et ses alliés donnent 48 heures de plus au Qatar        
L’Arabie saoudite et ses alliés arabes ont donné 48 heures supplémentaires au Qatar pour répondre à leurs exigences et tenter de résoudre la vive crise diplomatique ouverte il y a un mois. L’ultimatum était fixé à dimanche soir. L’Arabie saoudite et ses alliés jouent la montre. Sous l’impulsion du Koweït, qui fait office de médiateur dans […]
          Youth Conflict Resolution Strategies and Skills - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
Whenever two or more people interact, either as individuals or as part of a group, there is always potential for conflict. It is no different when you interact with young people in a work setting: the potential for conflict is present. It is important that you are aware of that potential so that you are able to identify a conflict situation and intervene appropriately to control it.
Workers dealing with young people are often confronted with difficult situations in which they may be asked to assist in resolving young people's problems and conflicts. These may be internal problems of relationships within a youth group, or relationships between young people and those in authority, or even conflict between yourself and the young people you are working with.
This program has been designed to help you understand the nature of conflict and its effects on people in a range of contexts, both at an individual and at a group level. We will also look at the processes involved in behavior that occurs between different groups, called inter-group behaviour, and its potential impact on group members.

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
identify examples of conflict in the region where you live, understand their origins and describe the course the conflicts have taken.
Recognize the different approaches that have been used in resolving conflict, and the strengths and weaknesses of these approaches.
Apply the insights gained from studying conflict situations to the kinds of conflict that are encountered in youth development work.
Recognize the existence of pre-conflict and conflict situations when they are encountered in different youth and development settings.
Employ negotiation and mediation skills in bringing together conflicting groups or individuals.
Consider strategies to resolve conflict when agreement cannot be reached by consensus.

Who Should Attend?

Youth workers in government departments, corporations and NGOs.
Young leaders.
Youth Program coordinators.
School and University teachers.
Professionals responsible for youth policy formulation and strategy development.
Police department officers.

Program Outline

Day 1
Conflict
Analysing conflict
Conflict in groups
The conflict process model

Day 2
The Five Stages
Resolving Conflict
Dealing with conflict
Ending conflict
Practicing conflict resolution skills
Bargaining strategies
Negotiation skills

Day 3
Conflict Among Groups
Inter-group relations
Impact of conflict on group dynamics
Managing conflict among groups

Cost:

Certified


          Facilitating Youth Learning Processes - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
Learning takes place throughout life - in different ways, in different contexts. It's almost impossible to stop people learning, in some form or other, all the time. This is very useful for youth development workers. Learning is a powerful tool that we can use deliberately to improve knowledge and enhance skills. If you can direct learning along appropriate channels, then you will accelerate the process and help young people to develop very rapidly.
The aim of this program is to introduce you to the ideas and practices of learning that are relevant to youth development work. The module focuses on the role of youth development workers as educators, or to put it another way, as 'learning facilitators'. We prefer this term because it indicates that your role will be to help and guide the very powerful internal learning processes in young people, rather than to control them.

The module explores different theories of learning and their influences. It identifies the different ways in which people learn and the factors that inhibit or facilitate learning. It also considers experiential learning as a method that is appropriate to youth development workers, and examines appropriate strategies for face-to face work with young people and adults.

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Give an overview of important psychological and philosophical principles relevant to 'education for all' and youth development work.
Describe the characteristics of informal education and apply this knowledge to youth development work.
Make use of the techniques of informal and experiential learning in youth development work and enable other people to use it.
Describe your own and other people's learning style(s) and mode of intelligence.
Identify factors that help and factors that hinder people's learning, particularly in informal settings.
Devise effective strategies for learning with a range of individuals and groups in youth development work.

Who Should Attend?

Youth workers in government departments, corporates and NGOs.
Young leaders.
Student activities coordinators.
School and University teachers.
Professionals responsible for youth policy formulation and strategy development.

Program Outline

Day 1

What is Learning?
Thinking about learning
Experiential learning
How adults learn best
Self-directed learning
Education for All
A positive philosophy of learning
Developing the whole person
Lifelong learning
Guiding principles

Day 2
Informal Education
Types of learning and education
Agents of informal education
Implications for youth development work
What Helps and What Hinders Learning?
A good learning environment
Factors that hinder learning

Day 3
Learning styles
What is learning style?
Learning style models
Meeting learner needs
Socio-cultural background and learning

Day 4
Facilitating Adult Learning
Communication and participation
Designing the program
Selecting learning strategies
Resources
Implementation
Evaluation

Cost:

Certified


          Youth Development Work Principles and Practices - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
This program is designed to introduce you to a range of different approaches to working with young people. You may already have experience of youth work. If so, then you have been working in a wide-ranging and complex field. However, you may have experience of only one type of youth work practice. We have designed this program so that you can get a clear understanding of several of the key practices in youth work. This will enable you to develop your insight and skill by allowing you to draw on a rich frame of reference.

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Define Youth Development concept.
Briefly describe, in your own words, the history and position of youth development work in your country.
Delineate the professional role of the youth worker.
Explain the important factors that have affected youth development work and that influence current trends.
Begin working effectively with young people and adults in enabling them to improve the quality of their lives.
Select from a range of different approaches to youth development work those that are most appropriate to specific circumstances.

Who Should Attend?

Youth program coordinators.
Young leaders.
Youth workers in government departments, corporates and NGOs.
School and University teachers.
Professionals responsible for policy formulation and strategy development in youth focused organizations.

Program Outline

Day 1
Youth Development
What is Youth development? and how does it influence youth work?
Youth Development theories and practivcies
Interactionist perspective - Functional Perspective
Youth Development Values
Enabling - Empowering

Day 2
Youth development work: history and traditions
Youth development work in families and communities
Youth work as social and leisure provision
Out of school education
Youth work for national development
Youth welfare work

Day 3
Youth development work: models and approaches
Treatment Model
Reform Model
Advocacy Model
Conscientisation Model
Youth Development Practices

Day 4
Youth Worker roles and methods
Working face to face with young people in a variety of settings
Managing and supporting other paid and volunteer workers
Formulating and developing community policies for governmental and non-governmental organisations (NGOs)

Cost:

Certified


          Youth and Healthy Lifestyle Promotion Skills - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
Youth development workers have a key role to play in delivering a holistic approach to health promotion. The program starts by defining youth in the context of health. It continues by looking at why it is important to involve young people in the planning and implementation of any program that targets them, and how to promote youth participation. You will also look closely at some of the contemporary health issues that affect young people, such as nutrition and diet, sexual and reproductive health and drug abuse. The program also looks at how to enable practitioners to recognize the different roles they have, and how to foster effective working relationships.

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Identify the major health issues affecting young people.
Outline health promotion strategies (particularly preventative strategies).
Describe the specific role of youth development work in health promotion.
Develop specific programs of health promotion.
Use the distinctive methodology of youth development work within the environment of a primary health care agency.

Who Should Attend?

Professionals of healthcare institutions.
Public health practitioners.
Youth Workers in government departments, corporations and NGOs.
Health awareness organizations staff.
Professionals responsible for youth policy formulation and strategy development.

Program Outline

Day 1
Defining Youth and Health
Defining youth
Defining health
Primary health care
Adolescent and youth developmental changes
The basics of health and personal hygiene

Day 2
Involving Young People
Development
Youth development and health services
The role of young people in health
Developing skills and information
Factors affecting participation

Day 3
Sexual and Reproductive Health
Defining sexuality
Defining reproductive health
Reproductive rights
Abortion
Traditional practices
STDs and HIV/AIDS

Day 4
Nutrition
Malnutrition
The World Health Organisation (WHO) mandate
World food supply
Mental Health and Drug Abuse
What is mental health?
Self-abuse and deviant behavior
What is drug abuse?
Demographics and drug use
Prevention and support
Self-abuse through injury and suicide

Cost:

Certified


          Working with Youth in Their Communities - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
If you already have significant experience as a youth development worker, you will have spent a lot of time working with individuals and groups. During the course of your work, you will probably have had doubts about your performance and may have wondered how you could improve on what you were doing. Improvement is partly a matter of experience, but it is much the best to have a carefully directed experience, shaped by what research has shown to be effective.
In this program, you will explore what is currently understood about the most appropriate knowledge and skills required for working successfully with young people in groups.
You will study how other people have worked in communities ,and their theories about their work.
You will explore the theory and practice of community development.
You will learn about community development work plans, and how to make and implement them.
You will examine the characteristics of an effective group leader.

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Work effectively as a member of a group.
Take on a variety of roles in a group, including leadership and advocacy.
Know how to develop your own skills in facilitating a group.
Use the techniques of community development.
Be familiar with key concepts in community development.
Promote the participation of young women and men in community activities.
Create effective planning strategies and develop community profiles, social community plans and personal plans.
Recognize several useful models for analyzing human behavior and individual differences.

Who Should Attend?

Youth program coordinators.
Young leaders.
Youth workers in government departments, corporations and NGOs.
School and University teachers.
Volunteers.

Program Outline

Day 1
Working with and for young people
Community Development
(Important terms and concepts)
Community: not just a place
Getting going in the community
Laying the foundation
Developing a community profile
Planning your work

Day 2
Young people in their communities
Skills, characteristics and knowledge
The role of the community youth worker
Leaders and leadership
Participation
Increasing group participation

Day 3
Social planning
Social planning activities
Planning stages
Practical applications of community social planning
Networks and partnerships

Cost:

Certified


          Youth Social Development Methodologies - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
This program is designed to help you understand some of the theoretical background of youth development work, so that you can relate what you are doing to the social context in which you are working. You will already be aware that young people have roles and responsibilities. These responsibilities are different in each society, yet particular aspects are common across most societies.
Understanding the social situations of young people is crucial. This program aims to illuminate the situation of young people in your society by exploring what researchers and theorists have said about youth in different social contexts, and relating that to general theories about society. Your role as a youth development worker is to help to improve conditions for young people. In doing this, you will be helping to develop the society in which they live.

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Understand how young people are seen in various societies, and from different sociological perspectives.
Examine the range of definitions of 'youth', 'adolescence' and 'family'.
Understand the problems and issues facing young people and the societies in which they live.
Work in a way that is sensitive to social and cultural traditions.

Who Should Attend?

Youth workers in government departments, corporations and NGOs.
Young leaders.
Student activities coordinators.
School and University teachers.
Professionals responsible for policy formulation and strategy development in youth focused organizations.

Program Outline

Day 1
Ways of seeing young people
The concepts of society and culture
Defining youth
The nature of youth work
Adolescence
Describing and defining adolescence
Psychoanalytic theories of adolescence
Sociological theories of adolescence

Day 2
Young people and the family
Family types
Approaches to the study of the family
Issues facing families today
The concept of community

Day 3
Young people and social issues
Images of young people
Young people and unemployment
Young people and crime
The implications for youth development workers

Cost:

Certified


          Youth and Sustainable Development Strategies - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
This program provides strategies for Youth Sustainable Development Projects. It is also explores the need to raise awareness about sustainable development for young generations, addressing the importance of the balance between development process and environmental protection. In this program, we present the key role that young people can play towards the sustainable development. As stated in Rio Declaration on Environment and Development 1992: "Principle 21: The creativity, ideals and courage of the youth of the world should be mobilised to forge a global partnership in order to achieve sustainable development and ensure a better future for all."

Program Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
Increase your knowledge of the sustainable development and environmental issues that affect youth around the world.
Provide you with the skills that will enable you to contribute to positive change in the present state of the environment.
Work with a youth group to design and undertake an environmental/ sustainable development-related project.
Enable you to lead and support group activities that will help to promote environmentally sustainable development.
Design a project that gives clear expression to the principles of sustainable development.
Evaluate projects in terms of their contribution to sustainable development.

Who Should Attend?

Professionals of environment and Sustainable development departments.
Youth Workers, in government departments, corporates and NGOs.
Student activities coordinators.
Professionals responsible for policy formulation and strategy development in youth focused organizations.
Young Leaders
Schools and universities educators.

Program Outline

Day 1
Youth and sustainable development
Opportunities for young people
International Youth Federation (IYF)
The Caribbean Youth Environment Network (CYEN)
Youth as initiators
Youth as activists
The social environment
The relationship between the environment and development
Youth concerns and Responses

Day 2
Sustainable Development Project Elements
Environmental
Economic
Socio-cultural
Technological
Sustainable Development Strategies
The World Resources Institute model
Environmental and technological objectives
Economic and socio-cultural objectives
Socio-economic and cultural objectives
Ecological objectives

Day 3
The World Bank approach
The sustainability matrix
Sustainability as opportunity
Youth and Sustainable development Practical Case Studies
Young Conservationists Club (YCC), Thailand
Fiji National Youth Council (FNYC)
Association of Friends of Nature Clubs (ACAN), Cameroon
JEMS, St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Cost:

Certified


          Positive Youth Development Strategies - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
Course Overview

Positive Youth Development (PYD) is a theory based on years of research on the best ways to help young people grow into adulthood. This program is designed to help youth workers to understand the Positive Youth Development approaches, such as the individual strength approach that promote young people's social and emotional well-being.

In this program we discuss the outside influences that promote young people's social and emotional well-being. Also the program aims to examine approaches of working with young people to create a growth plan and to create positive places for young people. Creating a step by step action plan for integrating Positive Youth Development into youth organizations is also presented in this program.

Course Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
  • Understand the Positive Youth Development approaches.
  • Identify the developmental needs of young people and adolescents.
  • Work effectively with young people to create a growth plan.
  • Make use of individual strength approach that promote young people's social and emotional well-being.
  • Create positive places for young people.
  • Create an action plan for integrating Positive Youth Development into your organization.
Who Should Attend?
  • Department heads of youth focused institutions.
  • Young Leaders
  • Professionals responsible for youth program development, in government departments, corporations and NGOs.
  • Youth Workers.
  • Student Activities coordinators.
  • Professionals responsible for policy formulation and strategy development in youth focused organizations.
  • School and University teachers.

Course Outline

Day 1
  • What is Positive Youth development?
  • The concept
  • Strength based approaches
  • Individual strengths that promote young people's social and emotional well-being
  • The 5 Cs
  • Outside influences that promote young people's social and emotional well-being
  • Families - Schools - Communities
Day 2
  • The Developmental Assets
  • The five Promises
  • Work with young person to create a growth plan
  • Youth immediate needs
  • Assisting young person to set goals
  • Active listening skills to determine youth's strengths and interests
  • Rewarding youth
Day 3
  • Putting Positive Youth Development into practice
  • Building individual strength in youth
  • Youth involvement
  • Creating positive places for young people
  • What makes a place positive?
  • how to keep youth places positive?
Day 4
  • Creating a step by step action plan for integrating Positive Youth Development into your organization
  • Select PYD framework
  • Train staff and volunteers
  • Preview your mission statement
  • Review your programs
  • Establish a concrete ways to involve youth in your programs
  • Assess your programs

Cost:

Certified


          Managing Youth Economic Development Projects - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
Course Overview

The purpose of this program is to explore some of the development possibilities of the links between youth work and contemporary economic change. We will describe the skills needed to promote self employment among young women and young men, including the principles of setting up micro enterprises. We will explore how aspects of informal education can help young people to develop enterprise skills and undertake enterprise projects.

In this program, we focuses on the nature of current economic development and its relationship to enterprise activity. Other sessions concentrate on practical guidelines and exercises to develop enterprise skills. While one session of this program takes the form of a training program that you will be able to deliver to enterprising youth in your community.

Course Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
  • Identify the different factors that shape and influence current economic development, particularly at a local level.
  • Use experiential learning strategies to develop youth enterprise skills, with the aim of promoting local economic development.
  • Support young women and young men in setting up small business projects.
  • Contribute entrepreneurial expertise in the development of local economic strategies.
  • Devise and deliver programs of informal education for young people to acquire enterprise skills.
Who Should Attend?
  • Mentors of business incubators and accelerators.
  • Professionals responsible for the development of economic strategies.
  • Youth Program coordinators.
  • Young leaders.
  • Youth workers in government departments, corporations and NGOs.

Course Outline

Day 1
  • Understanding Economic Development
  • Opportunities in the global market
  • Unleashing entrepreneurship
  • Economic development in rural areas
  • Youth enterprise
  • Small and informal enterprises
  • Training entrepreneurs
  • Government policies and support
  • Changing role of government and NGOs
Day 2
  • Youth and enterprise
  • What is youth enterprise?
  • Barriers to enterprise
  • Being creative
  • The enterprise development cycle
  • Setting up a small business
  • Setting up a small business: The training program
  • Starting out
  • Preparing the ground
  • Accounting practice
  • The business model
Day 3
  • Planning a micro-enterprise
  • Planning an enterprise
  • Planning for micro and informal enterprises
  • Informal learning
  • Opportunities for young people

Cost:

Certified


          Integrating Technology into Youth Settings - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         

Course Overview

In this program, you will explore current uses of technology by youth and how that engagement influences their own development and the world around them. You will also identify the opportunities and dangers that are associated with new technologies. Participants will demonstrate how new technologies can be designed and incorporated into youth programming to promote positive youth development.

Course Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:

  • Explain how the type and extent of youth usage of technology affects tier development.
  • Identify the risks and benefits of technology to youth programs and create a plan for technology use in their programs.
  • Describe the various models that are used to structure technology-based interventions for youth.
  • Apply one of these models to a practical situation in a youth-relevant setting.
  • Demonstrate the ability to design an activity or intervention that incorporates technology to promote positive youth development.
Who Should Attend?
  • Youth workers in government departments, corporations and NGOs.
  • Young leaders.
  • Student activities coordinators.
  • School and University teachers.
Course Outline

Day 1
  • Overviews of Youth and Technology
  • App generation review
  • Youth and Adolescent Ownership and Use of New Media
  • The Impact of Social Media on Youth, Adolescents, and Families
  • A Silicon Valley School That Doesn't Compute!
  • Models of Integrating Technology into Youth Settings
  • The Use of Technology to Promote the Multicultural Development of Youth
  • Internet use and developmental tasks
  • Positive Technology Development
  • The Potential of Games for Learning
Day 2
  • Technology in Youth Programs
  • E Mentoring
  • Digital Media
  • Using Technology to Promote Positive Youth Development
  • Youth-Driven Social Media Campaign to Promote STI and HIV Testing Among Adolescents
  • Adaptive Game for Reducing Aggressive Behavior
  • Text-Messaging Interventions to Promote Healthy Behaviors in Adolescents

Day 3
  • The Dangers and Policies around Technology Use
  • Use of Electronic Devices and Social Media in Youth Camps
  • Understanding the Role of Technology in Adolescent Dating and Dating Violence
  • The Multiple Dimensions of Video Game Effects on Youth
  • Social media use in adult-youth relationships
  • How Clear Missions Guide Electronic Technology Policies

Cost:

Certified


          Youth Program Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         

Course Overview

Much of the work of youth development professionals is organised around specific projects. They may be small projects designed by yourself and relevant stakeholders to solve very specific problems that you and they face. Alternatively, they may be part of much larger projects run by major funding bodies. Either way, project design and development is often expected to use certain techniques to ensure project quality. The aim of this program is to introduce you to the practices that have built up around the design and management of projects in the last few decades.

What is presented here will give you a general overview of project work. It has been written to help you develop the knowledge and skills necessary to plan, design, implement, monitor and evaluate projects in your youth in development program.

Course Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:

  • Identify activities involved in project planning, monitoring and evaluation.
  • write a proposal for funding, including logframes.
  • plan projects on the basis of a logical framework.
  • Demonstrate understanding of the Total Quality Program standers.
  • Prepare project risk management plan.

Who Should Attend?

  • Department heads of youth focused institutions.
  • Young Leaders
  • Professionals responsible for youth project planing, in government departments, corporates and NGOs.
  • Volunteers of youth projects and organizations.
  • Youth Workers.
  • Student Activities coordinators.
Course Outline

Day 1

  • Youth Centered Programming Model
  • Preparation for programming
  • (Need Assessment - Youth development Factor - Assessing Organization - Entrepreneurship - Youth involvement)
  • Program Objectives
  • Logical Framework

Day 2

  • Program Development
  • Approaches to program development
  • Selecting program format
  • Selecting program area
  • Program promotion
  • Total Quality Program

Day 3

 
  • Program Implementation
  • Program leadership
  • Helping Youth feel valued
  • Promoting youth involvement
  • Quality customer service
  • Handling complaints
  • Risk Management

Day 4

  • Program Evaluation
  • Purposes
  • Principles of evaluation
  • Types of evaluation
  • Methods of evaluation
  • Model of evaluation

Cost:

Certified


           Youth Policy Planning and Implementation - Matsh Youth Development , Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai         
Course Overview

This Program will enable you to develop the skills required to investigate, analyse and influence the policy-making processes that shape welfare services, particularly those that directly affect the quality of young people's lives. It will focus in particular on the nature and scope of youth policy - the common themes that underpin national youth policies and the characteristic tensions within such policies. The relationship between youth policies and the wider policy environment will be considered. The program will also look at the criteria for success or failure of youth policies and the evaluation of their outcomes.

Course Benefits

When you successfully complete this program, you should be able to:
  • Describe the origins, history and development of youth policies in at least two countries in your region.
  • Outline the main themes that underpin the formulation, development and implementation of youth policies.
  • Demonstrate a broad awareness of the impact of youth policies on youth development work.
  • Evaluate the success of such policies through, for example, the use of performance indicators.
  • Contribute to the strategic development of agencies in the youth development field through youth policy development.
  • Establish and/or work within partnerships created to achieve key objectives of youth policy at local level.
  • Influence policy-making processes in a way that is appropriate to your role.
Who Should Attend?
  • Members of National Youth Councils.
  • Youth Workers in government departments, corporations and NGOs.
  • Youth Parliamentarian Committees.
  • Professionals responsible for policy formulation and strategy development in youth focused organizations.
Course Outline

Day 1
  • Youth policy Overview
  • Policy Definition - social/welfare policy - youth policy
  • Youth Policy
  • Nature, Objectives and Importance
  • Characteristics of youth policies
Day 2
  • The scope of youth policy
  • Policy planning and formulation
  • Policy impact and implementation
  • Analyzing Social Policy
  • Social policy in context
  • Government involvement in social policy
  • Grassroots policy development: another approach
Day 3
  • Youth policy principles
  • Youth policy and the wider policy environment
  • Elements of a successful youth policy
  • Policy success and failure
  • Measuring success or failure
  • Elements of a successful policy
Day 4
  • Frameworks in action
  • Key headings for a youth policy
  • Essential features of a youth policy
  • Evaluation of the effectiveness of policies

Cost:

Certified


          Credit Risk Management Seminar - Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PRM04 Credit Risk Management 

Highlights 

  • Risk Management is everyone's business, not just the CEO's, CFO's or CRO's.
  • The biggest Risk in Risk Management is NOT seeing the Risk!
  • In living life, the secret of the How's is actually in the Why's!
  • Have an Overview of Enterprise Risk Management and understand how Credit Risk Management is an integral part of Enterprise Risk Management.
  • Have a clear understanding that Credit Risk Management cannot exist in a silo, and that to manage Credit Risks effectively, one must also have a good understanding of Market Risk and Operational Risk Management.
  • Have an Understanding of the Link Between A Counter Party's Enterprise Risk Exposures and The Bank's Credit Risk Exposure To The Counter Party and A Counter Party's Default.
  • Have an Understanding of The Role of Credit Officers and Credit Risk Managers as Gate-Keepers of a Bank's Assets.
  • "Dirty your Hands" going through a Monte Carlo event simulation process.
  • Be introduced to the notion of Probability of Defaults, Exposure Given Default and Recovery Rates, and how one can use these components to compute the Expectation of Credit Losses.
  • Be introduced to the quantitative side of risk measurement - Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Conditional Value-at-Risk (C-VaR).
  • Be introduced to The Basel Capital Accord.

Seminar Facilitator

Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim

PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel

===================================================

FTS Eligible (Funding)

This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Operational Risk Management Seminar-Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PRM03 Operational Risk Management

Highlights 

  • Risk Management is everyone's business, not just the CEO's, CFO's or CRO's.
  • The biggest Risk in Risk Management is NOT seeing the Risk!
  • In living life, the secret of the How's is actually in the Why's!
  • Discussion on the real challenges in implementing enterprise-wide Operational Risk Management and the methods to overcome some of these challenges.
  • Gain an insight to various Good Operational Risk Management Practices.
  • "Dirty your Hands" going through a Monte Carlo event simulation process.
  • Be introduced to a methodical way of managing Operational Risk from formally defining Operations Processes, to identifying Operational Risks and mitigating these risks, to capturing risk event losses and quantifying Operational Risk losses.
  • Be introduced to Frequency Distributions, Severity Distributions and how one can convolute them to obtain joint Frequency-Severity Distributions, and its applications to the quantitative side of operational risk measurement - Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Conditional Value-at-Risk (C-VaR).
  • Be introduced to The Basel Capital Accord.

Seminar Facilitator
Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim
PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel

===================================================

FTS Eligible (Funding)

This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Financial Derivatives Part 2 Seminar-Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PFD02 Financial Derivatives Part 2


Highlights 

In living life, the secret of the How's is actually in the Why's!

History is actually an important subject. Knowing history well tells us why we are here today. Knowing history really well can sometimes even tell us where we are heading into the future!

Acquire a solid foundational knowledge of Credit Derivatives.

Understand why Exotic Options were developed and how these options can be applied to improve the optimality of hedging or investment strategies. Some examples of Exotic Options discussed are: Asians, Compounds, Digitals and Lookbacks.

A hands-on structuring session would be conducted using The PERMIT® System which would enable participants to gain practical experience in structuring investment strategies and hedging structures.


Seminar Facilitator

Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim

PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel


===================================================

FTS Eligible (Funding)

This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Enterprise Risk Management Seminar-Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PRM01 Firm-Wide Risk Management

Highlights 

  • Risk Management is Everyone's Business, not just the CEO's, CFO's or CRO's!
  • In living life, the secret of the How's is actually in the Why's!
  • Risk Management is not just about compliance. It should be a Business Enabler, a Power Tool to push the business to new levels of accomplishment.
  • Learn how to be a Risk Champion, and how to be a good pro-business Risk Manager.
  • Be introduced to the notions of risk measurement - Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Conditional Value-at-Risk (C-VaR) and have a hands-on experience of computing these risk measures.
  • Learn about Risk-Adjusted-Returns-on-Capital (RAROC) as a management tool.
  • Be guided through the various forms of risks i.e. Market Risk, Credit Risk and Operational Risk.
  • Gain an insight to various Good Risk Management Practices.
  • Be introduced to The Basel Capital Accord.
Seminar Facilitator
Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim
PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel

===================================================
FTS Eligible (Funding)
This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Financial Markets Simulation Program-Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PFMS00 Financial Markets Simulation - Practical Process Flow Dealing Experience 


Highlights 


  • First-of-its-kind Financial Markets Simulation Dealing experience.
  • This is the Practical Process Flow Dealing Experience module, which is actually an Express Version of the full Financial Markets Simulation Centre (FMSC) Foundational Program.
  • Participants will be introduced to and have the opportunity to explore and experience the Practical Process Flow in dealing of various instruments in the following Financial Markets - Interest Rate Markets, Foreign Exchange Markets, Equity Markets and Commodity Markets.
  • Participants will have full access to PI ETA Consulting Company's Dealing System - The PERMIT® System to "experience the real world of financial markets and products".
  • The PERMIT® System is a multi-tier networkable enterprise Treasury & Financial Risk Management system developed entirely in-house by PETS Group working in tandem with PEER Group, that supports straight-through processing of on-line treasury transactions. PERMIT® is the world's first comprehensive software to adopt the PET-DOG® system (on-line Help Functions and Guidance Features).

Seminar Facilitator

Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim

PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel

===================================================

FTS Eligible (Funding)

This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Financial Market Risk Management Seminar-Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PRM02 Financial Market Risk Management

Highlights 

  • Risk Management is everyone's business, not just the CEO's, CFO's or CRO's.
  • The biggest Risk in Risk Management is NOT seeing the Risk!
  • In living life, the secret of the How's is actually in the Why's!
  • Acquire foundational knowledge on Bond Mathematics and an understanding of Probability Distributions from a first principles perspective.
  • Be introduced to the notion of Value-at-Risk (VaR) and actually perform calculations to obtain VaR under simulated scenarios.
  • Examine the advantages and disadvantages of VaR and explore alternative risk measures like Conditional Value-at-Risk (C-VaR).
  • Have an understanding of the amount of exposure that an organization faces in relation to the different types and sources of Financial Market Risk.

Seminar Facilitator

Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim

PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel

===================================================

FTS Eligible (Funding)

This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Financial Derivatives Part 1 Seminar-Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PFD01 Financial Derivatives Part 1

Highlights 

  • In living life, the secret of the How's is actually in the Why's!
  • History is actually an important subject. Knowing history well tells us why we are here today. Knowing history really well can sometimes even tell us where we are heading into the future!
  • Have a good understanding of the Foreign Exchange and Interest Rate markets, and the main Treasury products available in these markets, including Derivative Instruments.
  • Acquire a clear understanding of Financial Derivatives through focusing on the essential Mathematical Concepts that form the building blocks of these instruments.
  • Master the dynamics of Financial Derivatives as part of an extended toolbox of Financial Risk Management, which will in turn increase optimality in hedging strategies.
  • Have an understanding of how knowledge in Derivatives in the Foreign Exchange markets can also be extended to include Equity and Commodity market derivative instruments.
  • Have a hands-on opportunity to build Yield Curves - the backbone of most financial derivative products using Spreadsheets.
  • Usage of The PERMIT® Treasury & Financial Risk Management System and practical experience on structuring and pricing Financial Derivatives.

Seminar Facilitator

Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim

PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel

===================================================

FTS Eligible (Funding)

This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Treasury Markets and Products Seminar-Training - PI ETA Consulting Company , UAE, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Malaysia, Qatar         

PTM02 Treasury Markets and Products


Highlights 


  • In living life, the secret of the How's is actually in the Why's!
  • History is actually an important subject. Knowing history well tells us why we are here today. Knowing history really well can sometimes even tell us where we are heading into the future!
  • Understand the development of Treasury Markets and its historical evolution, its current role and its future.
  • Be properly introduced to the Interest Rate Markets, its historical evolution, and where the markets are today.
  • Understand the basic working mechanics involved in the Interest Rate Markets.
  • Have an overview of the various Interest Rate Market Products that are commonly traded.
  • Be properly introduced to Yield Curves and Discount Factor Curves.
  • See examples of Interest Rate Products that are used in creating Hedging Strategies and Investment Strategies.
  • Be properly introduced to the Foreign Exchange Markets, its historical evolution, and where the markets are today.
  • Understand the basic working mechanics involved in the Foreign Exchange Markets.
  • Have an overview of the various Foreign Exchange Market Products that are commonly traded.
  • See examples of Foreign Exchange Products that are used in creating Hedging Strategies and Investment Strategies.
  • Be introduced to Structured Products that are used in Hedging Strategies as well as in Investment Strategies.
  • Have the opportunity to "experience the real world of financial markets" through The PERMIT® System.

Seminar Facilitator

Dr. Jeffrey C. K. Lim

PhD, CSci, CMath, FIMA, FRM, PRM, BFel

===================================================

FTS Eligible (Funding)

This programme is approved for listing on the Financial Training Scheme (FTS) Programme Directory and is eligible for FTS claims subject to all eligibility criteria being met. 

Please note that in no way does this represent an endorsement of the quality of the training provider and programme. Participants are advised to assess the suitability of the programme and its relevance to participants' business activities or job roles.

The FTS is available to eligible entities, at a 50% funding level of programme fees subject to all eligibility criteria being met. FTS claims may only be made for programmes listed on the FTS Programme Directory with the specified validity period. 

For Singapore citizens aged 40 and above, FTS provides 90% Funding, subject to existing grant caps.


Cost:

Certified


          Strategic Quality Management - LEORON Professional Development Institute , Bahrain, Ghana, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Muscat, Lagos,Accra,London         

This intensive three-day program is designed for those in senior leadership positions. Participants will gain a practical understanding of how to assess risk from a strategic business perspective and tactical operations perspective to align all functions within an organization, manufacturing or service to be positioned to meet the challenges faced by rapid changes by market forces, as well as the ever changing consumer demands and technological advancements.

This program will utilize the applications of quality theory and methodology in a holistic approach to supporting business excellence. The use of quality tools to support fact based strategic decision making, as well as tactical decision making will be emphasized. Participants will not become quality professionals, but they will gain an advanced understanding of how a quality management system supports strategy and operations.

Cost:

Discount: Discounts Up to 100% OFF

Next Session:

Duration: 5 Days

Certified


          Executive Certificate in HR and Business Strategy - LEORON Professional Development Institute , Bahrain, Ghana, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom         

In today's turbulent business world, most companies find themselves in a complex, competitive environment in which the formulation and execution of strategy are more critcial than ever before. When companies fail to deliver on their promises, most blame poorly designed strategy. No worthwhile strategy can be planned without taking into account the organization's ability to execute it - strategies most often fail because they were not executed well. Things that are supposed to happen don't happen. Either the organization's aren't capable of making them happen, or the leaders of the business misjudge the challenges they face, or both.

HR leaders need to provide strategic insights on how the firm's human capital can best deliver on its' strategic business objectives. Participants will learn and use a variety of strategic tools, frameworks and mindsets to better understand the company's business strategy and business model, their competitive position of their industry, and it's human capital value proposition for competitive advantage. HR leaders will have a firm grasp of the key concepts, models and language of strategy and the implications strategy has on the design, capabilities and deployment of the workforce.

Special emphasis is placed on connecting strategic and tactical organizational design issues, budgeting and analytics, developing a high performance culture, and how it can create new organizational possibilites.

Cost:

Discount: Discounts Up to 100% OFF

Next Session:

Duration: 5 Days

Certified


          Company Valuation Modelling - LEORON Professional Development Institute , Kuwait, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Muscat, Lagos, Accra, London         

In real life, the main challenge in valuing different entities is the ability to understand and quantify the various inputs. If the inputs are nonsensical, the valuation output will unquestionably be nonsensical. For this reason, a large section of this course is devoted to understanding and modeling valuation inputs including adjustments to financial statements.

This intensive three-days workshop offers in-depth and practical analysis of the different valuation techniques that can be used to value different entities. It will also examine the use of real options modeling that are used to value patents, contracts, natural resources and for various other applications. The workshop will focus on the framework that can be used to pick the right model for any task and it will also extensively expose delegates to the modeling of various real life valuation cases.

Companies are valued for the purposes of investment, mergers and acquisitions or as part of internal measures of financial control. There are many different approaches to the valuation of companies and it is paramount to know when and how to apply what method. It is also essential to understand that company valuation is not an absolute science but also based on interpretation and judgment. In the broadest possible terms, firms or assets can be valued in one of four ways: asset based valuation approaches, discounted cash flow valuation approaches, relative valuation approaches and option pricing approaches.

The concepts and models taught are designed to be of practical benefit to attendees and are immediately usable in the workplace. This highly practical course will lead you quickly from the basics through the more advanced valuation methodologies and modeling techniques.

The hundreds of participants who attended this course in different parts of the world indicate that they gained valuable knowledge and experience that will greatly assist them in their careers. Due to the outstanding success of this course, the presenter was asked to develop Valuation II to show more applications. Only the participants who attended Valuation I will be allowed to participate in Valuation II

Cost:

Discount: Discounts Up to 100% OFF

Next Session:

Duration: 3 Days

Certified


          Certified in Financial Planning and Analysis - LEORON Professional Development Institute , Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Jeddah, Muscat         
As organizations around the globe continue to adjust to economic uncertainties, the need for experienced finance professionals in the corporate environment has steadily increased over the past several years. As a result, many firms are seeking the most qualified individuals to analyze trends and manage the financial future of their organization. For individuals who practice financial planning and analysis (FP&A), this unique professional designation will enable them to differentiate themselves within the finance profession and validate their understanding of the complex processes, tools and uniform standards. It will also allow employers to identify the best candidates. 

Cost:

Discount: Discounts Up to 100% OFF

Next Session:

Duration: 5 Days

Certified


          Certified Budget Analyst - LEORON Professional Development Institute , Ghana, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Riyadh, Jeddah, Lagos, Accra         

In our rapidly developing markets, the need for companies to react promptly to the changing environment is crucial. Historical accounting records are essential but are not enough for managers to make informed strategic operational and financial decisions. Management's pre-defined goals should be filtered down into budgets, forecasts and plans of action. Most of the mid-sized companies and almost the entire large corporates engage in some forms of budgeting, planning and forecasting.

However, many are characterized by being not dynamic or interactive which may negatively impact the decisions

made by top management. Making the right decision in such an atmosphere is easier when there is a clear view on what the future will bring. The future, however, may be predicted only from the moment when a good understanding of the past has been achieved; fast-changing business conditions call for agile planning, budgeting and forecasting.

This 5-days intensive event is targeting those responsible for the preparation of budgets, plans and forecasts and those

who are using them as well. The course will start with some exceptionally important advanced Excel tips that will be utilized during the course. All of these tips coming together will orchestrate professional models that are dynamic and interactive.

Very advanced tools like Monte Carlo simulation using Crystal Ball in Excel and PowerPivot (that is introduced recently in Excel) will be an inherent part of the program. When it comes to planning for the future in any organization, the biggest problem is how to account for uncertainty. Strictly (in financial terms), uncertainty is where there is more than one possible outcome to a course of action; the form of each possible outcome is known, but the probability of getting any one outcome is not known. It is a challenge to quantify uncertainty because it is on not an observable variable rather one that is deduced from others. However given a complete range of possible outcomes, one can make decisions that reduce this uncertainty. Monte Carlo simulation gives the power to solve a problem by directly simulating the underlying process and then calculating the possible results of the process with varying degrees of probability.

You will learn how to develop Power Pivots that can handle data of up to 200 million rows of data on a standard desktop or laptop computers knowing that normal pivot tables in Excel usually choke after about 30,000 rows of data or so. In addition, there are numerous other features in PowerPivot that will enrich the analysis of your data. For example, a powerpivot can read data from different ranges which is something a normal pivot table cannot accomplish. A professional case study will examine the interactions within a powerpivot example that will be a guide of something that can be implemented upon the completion of the course.

The course is very hands on and practical in nature. That is what the trainer has been renowned for in different countries around the world. Please bring your laptop with Excel 2010 or higher. Powerpivots don't work on Excel 2007.

Cost:

Discount: Discounts Up to 100% OFF

Next Session:

Duration: 5 Days

Certified


          Certified Purchasing Professional (CPP) - Blue Ocean Academy GCC , Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar         

The CPP is meant for all purchasing professionals who need the right credentials and skills to set themselves firmly on the road of success. This course that helps a professional to understand the basic tenets of international sourcing, procurement and risk management. This course is ideal for procurement and supply chain professionals who are already working in the procurement department of any organization and need a certification for a promotion or to validate their knowledge and professionalism.

The CPPM is an advanced course where the skills of purchase managers are honed and they develop an insight into the challenges of the industry that they are engaged in. Complex problem solving, case studies and much more await purchase managers at this level of certification

  • International Certification
  • Industry Experienced Trainers
  • Practical Oreiented Training Sessions

Cost:

Certified


          Adobe InDesign Training - New Horizons Doha , Doha, Qatar         

Adobe InDesign is a professional desktop publishing application you lets you create stunning page layouts, creative print media, e-books and other digital publications faster and more efficiently. InDesign is built for designers, prepress and production professionals, and print service providers.

With Adobe InDesign you can create creative print media such as:

  • Posters 
  • Flyers 
  • Brochures 
  • Magazines 
  • Newspapers 
  • Books 

In addition, Adobe InDesign allows you to create e-books and other digital publications, and is easily adjusts for multiple pages sizes, screen sizes, and orientations. It is a great tool for designers, advertisers, and publishers to master.

Further, Adobe InDesign gives accurate control over typography. Its intuitive design environment lets the user produce page layouts quickly. As a text handler, InDesign's capabilities save hours of time in large, multi-page documents.

Tight integration with Adobe software such as Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Acrobat and Flash enables highly productive workflows to flexibly deliver content in print and digital formats. Access Adobe Digital Publishing Suite from within InDesign to create and publish engaging apps for a broad range of mobile devices.

Master all aspects of desktop publishing using Adobe InDesign with New Horizons Doha classes, which will teach you introductory to advanced topics and help you create professional documents and publications using hands-on examples.

ADOBE INDESIGN COURSE TOPICS

  • Designing and enhancing documents 
  • Working with page elements 
  • Managing objects 
  • Using and understanding tables 
  • Managing styles 
  • Working with XML 
  • Dealing with long documents

Cost:

Certified


          Facility Management Professional - Review Course - LEORON Professional Development Institute , Bahrain, Ghana, Kuwait, Malaysia, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Muscat, Lagos, Accra, London         

IFMA's Facility Management Professional (FMP) designation is a knowledge-based credential that will help to accelerate an FM's transition into the profession and demonstrate a proven comprehension of the foundations of facility management. 

It is ideal for:

  •  Facility management practitioners looking to increase their depth-of-knowledge in the foundational FM topics deemed critical by employers. 
  • Individuals who are transitioning into the FM profession. 
  • Related-industry practitioners such as architects, designers and safety engineers. 
  • Facility-related product and service providers. 
  • Students entering the profession from colleges, universities, certificate or technical programs. 
  • Experienced FMs intending to pursue the CFM credential

    Cost:

    Discount: Discounts Up to 100% OFF

    Next Session:

    Duration: 5 Days

    Certified


              UAE unofficially blacklists big European banks with Qatari investments        
    Preview The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has reportedly cut out Western banks with substantial Qatari investments from its state projects. The move is likely to tighten the embargo on Qatar, put in place by a group of Gulf countries in June.
    Read Full Article at RT.com
              Tariq Ali's appeal        
    Letter To A Young Muslim

    by Tariq Ali [from 'Outlook']

    http://www.outlookindia.com/full.asp?fodname=20020508&fname=tariq&sid=1&pn=1


    Dear friend,

    Remember when you approached me after the big antiwar meeting in November 2001 (I think it was Glasgow) and asked whether I was a believer? I have not forgotten the shock you registered when I replied "no", or the comment of your friend ("our parents warned us against you"), or the angry questions which the pair of you then began to hurl at me like darts. All of that made me think, and this is my reply for you and all the others like you who asked similar questions elsewhere in Europe and North America.

    When we spoke, I told you that my criticism of religion and those who use it for political ends was not a case of being diplomatic in public. Exploiters and manipulators have always used religion self-righteously to further their own selfish ends. It's true that this is not the whole story. There are, of course, deeply sincere people of religion in different parts of the world who genuinely fight on the side of the poor, but they are usually in conflict with organised religion themselves.

    The Catholic Church victimised worker or peasant priests who organised against oppression. The Iranian ayatollahs dealt severely with Muslims who preached in favour of a social radicalism. If I genuinely believed that this radical Islam was the way forward for humanity, I would not hesitate to say so in public, whatever the consequences. I know that many of your friends love chanting the name "Osama" and I know that they cheered on September 11, 2001. They were not alone. It happened all over the world, but had nothing to do with religion. I know of Argentine students who walked out when a teacher criticised Osama. I know a Russian teenager who emailed a one-word message - "Congratulations" - to his Russian friends whose parents had settled outside New York, and they replied: "Thanks. It was great." We talked, I remember, of the Greek crowds at football matches who refused to mourn for the two minutes the government had imposed and instead broke the silence with anti-American chants.

    But none of this justifies what took place. What lies behind the vicarious pleasure is not a feeling of strength, but a terrible weakness. The people of Indo-China suffered more than any Muslim country at the hands of the US government. They were bombed for 15 whole years and lost millions of their people. Did they even think of bombing America? Nor did the Cubans or the Chileans or the Brazilians. The last two fought against the US-imposed military regimes at home and finally triumphed.

    Today, people feel powerless. And so when America is hit they celebrate. They don't ask what such an act will achieve, what its consequences will be and who will benefit. Their response, like the event itself, is purely symbolic.

    I think that Osama and his group have reached a political dead-end. It was a grand spectacle, but nothing more. The US, in responding with a war, has enhanced the importance of the action, but I doubt if even that will rescue it from obscurity in the future. It will be a footnote in the history of this century. In political, economic or military terms it was barely a pinprick.

    What do the Islamists offer? A route to a past which, mercifully for the people of the seventh century, never existed. If the "Emirate of Afghanistan" is the model for what they want to impose on the world then the bulk of Muslims would rise up in arms against them. Don't imagine that either Osama or Mullah Omar represent the future of Islam. It would be a major disaster for the culture we both share if that turned out to be the case. Would you want to live under those conditions? Would you tolerate your sister, your mother or the woman you love being hidden from public view and only allowed out shrouded like a corpse?

    I want to be honest with you. I opposed this latest Afghan war. I do not accept the right of big powers to change governments as and when it affects their interests. But I did not shed any tears for the Taliban as they shaved their beards and ran back home. This does not mean that those who have been captured should be treated like animals or denied their elementary rights according to the Geneva convention, but as I've argued elsewhere, the fundamentalism of the American Empire has no equal today. They can disregard all conventions and laws at will. The reason they are openly mistreating prisoners they captured after waging an illegal war in Afghanistan is to assert their power before the world - hence they humiliate Cuba by doing their dirty work on its soil - and warn others who attempt to twist the lion's tail that the punishment will be severe.

    I remember how, during the cold war, the CIA and its indigenous recruits tortured political prisoners and raped them in many parts of Latin America. During the Vietnam war the US violated most of the Geneva conventions. They tortured and executed prisoners, raped women, threw prisoners out of helicopters to die on the ground or drown in the sea, and all this, of course, in the name of freedom.

    Because many people in the west believe the nonsense about "humanitarian interventions", they are shocked by these acts, but this is relatively mild compared with the crimes committed in the last century by the Empire. I've met many of our people in different parts of the world since September 11. One question is always repeated: "Do you think we Muslims are clever enough to have done this?" I always answer "Yes". Then I ask who they think is responsible, and the answer is invariably "Israel". Why? "To discredit us and make the Americans attack our countries." I gently expose their wishful illusions, but the conversation saddens me. Why are so many Muslims sunk in this torpor? Why do they wallow in so much self-pity? Why is their sky always overcast? Why is it always someone else who is to blame?

    Sometimes when we talk I get the impression that there is not a single Muslim country of which they can feel really proud. Those who have migrated from South Asia are much better treated in Britain than in Saudi Arabia or the Gulf States. It is here that something has to happen. The Arab world is desperate for a change. Over the years, in every discussion with Iraqis, Syrians, Saudis, Egyptians, Jordanians and Palestinians, the same questions are raised, the same problems recur. We are suffocating. Why can't we breathe? Everything seems static: our economy, our politics, our intellectuals and, most of all, our religion.

    Palestine suffers every day. The west does nothing. Our governments are dead. Our politicians are corrupt. Our people are ignored. Is it surprising that some are responsive to the Islamists? Who else offers anything these days? The US? It doesn't even want democracy, not even in little Qatar, and for a very simple reason. If we elected our own governments they might demand that the US close down its bases. Would it? They already resent al-Jazeera television because it has different priorities from them. It was fine when al-Jazeera attacked corruption within the Arab elite. Thomas Friedman even devoted a whole column to praise of al-Jazeera in the New York Times. He saw it as a sign of democracy coming to the Arab world. No longer. Because democracy means the right to think differently, and al-Jazeera showed pictures of the Afghan war that were not shown on the US networks, so Bush and Blair put pressure on Qatar to stop unfriendly broadcasts.

    For the west, democracy means believing in exactly the same things that they believe. Is that really democracy? If we elected our own government, in one or two countries people might elect Islamists. Would the west leave us alone? Did the French government leave the Algerian military alone? No. They insisted that the elections of 1990 and 1991 be declared null and void. French intellectuals described the Front Islamique du Salut (FIS) as "Islamo-fascists", ignoring the fact that they had won an election. Had they been allowed to become the government, divisions already present within them would have come to the surface. The army could have warned that any attempt to tamper with the rights guaranteed to citizens under the constitution would not be tolerated. It was only when the original leaders of the FIS had been eliminated that the more lumpen elements came to the fore and created mayhem. Should we blame them for the civil war, or those in Algiers and Paris who robbed them of their victory? The massacres in Algeria are horrendous. Is it only the Islamists who are responsible? What happened in Bentalha, 10 miles south of Algiers, on the night of September 22, 1997? Who slaughtered the 500 men, women and children of that township? Who? The Frenchman who knows everything, Bernard-Henri Levy, is sure it was the Islamists who perpetrated this dreadful deed. Then why did the army deny the local population arms to defend itself? Why did it tell the local militia to go away that night? Why did the security forces not intervene when they could see what was going on? Why does M Levy believe that the Maghreb has to be subordinated to the needs of the French republic, and why does nobody attack this sort of fundamentalism?

    We know what we have to do, say the Arabs, but every time the west intervenes it sets our cause back many years. So if they want to help, they should stay out. That's what my Arab friends say, and I agree with this approach. Look at Iran. The western gaze turned benevolent during the assault on Afghanistan. Iran was needed for the war, but let the west watch from afar. The imperial fundamentalists are talking about the "axis of evil", which includes Iran. An intervention there would be fatal. A new generation has experienced clerical oppression. It has known nothing else. Stories about the shah are part of its prehistory. These young men and women are sure about one thing if nothing else. They don't want the ayatollahs to rule them any more. Even though Iran, in recent years, has not been as bad as Saudi Arabia or the late "Emirate of Afghanistan", it has not been good for the people.

    Let me tell you a story. A couple of years ago I met a young Iranian film-maker in Los Angeles. His name was Moslem Mansouri. He had managed to escape with several hours of filmed interviews for a documentary he was making. He had won the confidence of three Tehran prostitutes and filmed them for more than two years. He showed me some of the footage. They talked to him quite openly. They described how the best pick-ups were at religious festivals. I got a flavour of the film from the transcripts he sent me. One of the women tells him: "Today everyone is forced to sell their bodies! Women like us have to tolerate a man for 10,000 toomans.Young people need to be in a bed together, even for 10 minutes . . . It is a primary need . . . it calms them down.

    "When the government does not allow it, then prostitution grows. We don't even need to talk about prostitution, the government has taken away the right to speak with the opposite sex freely in public . . . In the parks, in the cinemas, or in the streets, you can't talk to the person sitting next to you. On the streets, if you talk to a man, the 'Islamic guard' interrogates you endlessly. Today in our country, nobody is satisfied! Nobody has security. I went to a company to get a job. The manager of the company, a bearded guy, looked at my face and said, 'I will hire you and I'll give you 10,000 toomans more than the pay rate.' I said, 'You can at least test my computer skills to see if I'm proficient or not . . .' He said, 'I hire you for your looks!' I knew that if I had to work there, I had to have sex with him at least once a day.

    "Wherever you go it's like this! I went to a special family court - for divorce - and begged the judge, a clergyman, to give me my child's custody. I told him, 'Please . . . I beg you to give me the custody of my child. I'll be your Kaniz . . . ["Kaniz" means servant. This is a Persian expression which basically means 'I beg you, I am very desperate'.] What do you think the guy said? He said, 'I don't need a servant! I need a woman!' What do you expect of others when the clergyman, the head of the court, says this? I went to the officer to get my divorce signed, instead he said I should not get divorced and instead get married again without divorce, illegally. Because he said without a husband it will be hard to find a job. He was right, but I didn't have money to pay him . . . These things make you age faster . . . you get depressed . . . you have a lot of stress and it damages you. Perhaps there is a means to get out of this . . . "

    Moslem was distraught because none of the American networks wanted to buy the film. They didn't want to destabilise Khatami's regime! Moslem himself is a child of the Revolution. Without it he would never have become a film-maker. He comes from a very poor family. His father is a muezzin and his upbringing was ultra-religious. Now he hates religion. He refused to fight in the war against Iraq. He was arrested. This experience transformed him. "The prison was a hard but good experience for me. It was in the prison that I felt I am reaching a stage of intellectual maturity. I was resisting and I enjoyed my sense of strength. I felt that I saved my life from the corrupted world of clergies and this is a price I was paying for it. I was proud of it. After one year in prison, they told me that I would be released on the condition that I sign papers stating that I will participate in Friday sermons and religious activities. I refused to sign. They kept me in the prison for one more year."

    Afterwards he took a job on a film magazine as a reporter. "I thought my work in the media would serve as a cover for my own projects, which were to document the hideous crimes of the political regime itself. I knew that I would not be able to make the kind of films I really want to make due to the censorship regulations. Any scenario that I would write would have never got the permission of the Islamic censorship office. I knew that my time and energy would get wasted. So I decided to make eight documentaries secretly. I smuggled the footage out of Iran. Due to financial problems I've only been able to finish editing two of my films. One is Close Up, Long Shot and the other is Shamloo, The Poet Of Liberty.

    "The first film is about the life of Hossein Sabzian, who was the main character of Abbas Kiarostami's drama-documentary called Close Up. A few years after Kiarostami's film, I went to visit Sabzian. He loves cinema. His wife and children get frustrated with him and finally leave him. Today, he lives in a village on the outskirts of Tehran and has come to the conclusion that his love for cinema has resulted in nothing but misery. In my film he says, 'People like me get destroyed in societies like the one we live in. We can never present ourselves. There are two types of dead: flat and walking. We are the walking dead!'"

    We could find stories like this and worse in every Muslim country. There is a big difference between the Muslims of the diaspora - those whose parents migrated to the western lands - and those who still live in the House of Islam. The latter are far more critical because religion is not crucial to their identity. It's taken for granted that they are Muslims. In Europe and North America things are different. Here an official multiculturalism has stressed difference at the expense of all else. Its rise correlates with a decline in radical politics as such.

    "Culture" and "religion" are softer, euphemistic substitutes for socioeconomic inequality - as if diversity, rather than hierarchy, were the central issue in North American or European society today. I have spoken to Muslims from the Maghreb (France), from Anatolia (Germany); from Pakistan and Bangladesh (Britain), from everywhere (United States) and a South Asian sprinkling in Scandinavia. Why is it, I often ask myself, that so many are like you? They have become much more orthodox and rigid than the robust and vigorous peasants of Kashmir and the Punjab, whom I used to know so well.

    The British prime minister is a great believer in single-faith schools. The American president ends each speech with "God Save America". Osama starts and ends each TV interview by praising Allah. All three have the right to do so, just as I have the right to remain committed to most of the values of the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment attacked religion - Christianity, mainly - for two reasons: that it was a set of ideological delusions, and that it was a system of institutional oppression, with immense powers of persecution and intolerance. Why should we abandon either of these legacies today?

    I don't want you to misunderstand me. My aversion to religion is by no means confined to Islam alone. And nor do I ignore the role which religious ideologies have played in the past in order to move the world forward. It was the ideological clashes between two rival interpretations of Christianity - the Protestant Reformation versus the Catholic Counter-Reformation - that led to volcanic explosions in Europe. Here was an example of razor-sharp intellectual debates fuelled by theological passions, leading to a civil war, followed by a revolution.

    The 16th-century Dutch revolt against Spanish occupation was triggered off by an assault on sacred images in the name of confessional correctness. The introduction of a new prayer book in Scotland was one of the causes of the 17th-century Puritan Revolution in England, the refusal to tolerate Catholicism sparked off its successor in 1688. The intellectual ferment did not cease and a century later the ideas of the Enlightenment stoked the furnaces of revolutionary France. The Church of England and the Vatican now combined to contest the new threat, but ideas of popular sovereignty and republics were too strong to be easily obliterated.

    I can almost hear your question. What has all this got to do with us? A great deal, my friend. Western Europe had been fired by theological passions, but these were now being transcended. Modernity was on the horizon. This was a dynamic that the culture and economy of the Ottoman Empire could never mimic. The Sunni-Shia divide had come too soon and congealed into rival dogmas. Dissent had, by this time, been virtually wiped out in Islam. The Sultan, flanked by his religious scholars, ruled a state-Empire that was going to wither away and die.

    If this was already the case in the 18th century, how much truer it is today. Perhaps the only way in which Muslims will discover this is through their own experiences, as in Iran. The rise of religion is partially explained by the lack of any other alternative to the universal regime of neoliberalism. Here you will discover that as long as Islamist governments open their countries to global penetration, they will be permitted to do what they want in the sociopolitical realm.

    The American Empire used Islam before and it can do so again. Here lies the challenge. We are in desperate need of an Islamic Reformation that sweeps away the crazed conservatism and backwardness of the fundamentalists but, more than that, opens up the world of Islam to new ideas which are seen to be more advanced than what is currently on offer from the west.

    This would necessitate a rigid separation of state and mosque; the dissolution of the clergy; the assertion by Muslim intellectuals of their right to interpret the texts that are the collective property of Islamic culture as a whole; the freedom to think freely and rationally and the freedom of imagination. Unless we move in this direction we will be doomed to reliving old battles and thinking not of a richer and humane future, but of how we can move from the present to the past. It is an unacceptable vision. I've let my pen run away with me and preached my heresies for too long. I doubt that I will change, but I hope you will.


    [Tariq Ali is an editor of New Left Review and a frequent contributor to CounterPunch where this first appeared and is extracted from his new book The Clash Of Fundamentalisms: Crusades, Jihads And Modernity, published by Verso.]
              Becali i-a spus ADIO unui jucator dupa ce a umplut echipa de vedete. "Qatar, Cipru, sa vedem unde il vand"        
    Champions League: Sporting - Steaua, marti, 15 august, 21:45, in direct la PRO TV!
              Qatar Airways открыли новый воздушный маршрут по согласованию с ICAO        
    ТАСС, 8 августа. Авиакомпания Qatar Airways начала с 7 августа выполнять полеты по новому воздушному маршруту, согласованному с Международной организацией гражданской авиации (International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO), говорится в заявлении…
              The #1 Ball in Golf: 2017 Wins        

    Titleist is the #1 ball for more players and more champions across the worldwide professional tours. Thus far in 2017, Titleist golf ball players have recorded 124 victories around the world, more than six times the nearest competitor with 20. Since its introduction in 2000, the Pro V1 golf ball franchise has been the golf ball of choice for more than 2,600 champions worldwide.

    Below is a listing of tournaments won by Titleist golf ball players on the major worldwide professional tours in 2017.

    TOUR (wins)    
    PGA TOUR (19)    
    Safeway Open Brendan Steele Pro V1x
    CIMB Classic Justin Thomas Pro V1x
    OHL Classic at Mayakoba Winner Pro V1
    RSM Classic Mackenzie Hughes Pro V1x
    SBS Tournament of Champions Justin Thomas Pro V1x
    Sony Open in Hawaii Justin Thomas Pro V1x
    AT&T Pebble Beach Pro-Am Jordan Spieth Pro V1x
    Honda Classic Rickie Fowler Pro V1
    Puerto Rico Open D.A. Points Pro V1x
    Shell Houston Open Russell Henley Pro V1x
    Zurich Classic of New Orleans Cameron Smith and Jonas Blixt Pro V1x
    Wells Fargo Championship Winner Pro V1x
    AT&T Byron Nelson Championship Billy Horschel Pro V1x
    DEAN & DELUCA Invitational Kevin Kisner Pro V1
    The Memorial Tournament Jason Dufner Pro V1x
    117th U.S. OPEN CHAMPIONSHIP Winner Pro V1x
    Travelers Championship Jordan Spieth Pro V1x
    Quicken Loans National Kyle Stanley Pro V1
    RBC Canadian Open Jhonattan Vegas Pro V1
         
    EUROPEAN TOUR (17)    
    Alfred Dunhill Championship Brandon Stone Pro V1
    BMW South African Open Graeme Storm Pro V1x
    Abu Dhabi HSBC Championship Tommy Fleetwood Pro V1x
    Commercial Bank Qatar Masters Jeung-hun Wang Pro V1x
    Maybank Championship Fabrizio Zanotti Pro V1
    World Super 6 Perth Brett Rumford Pro V1x
    Joburg Open Darren Fichardt Pro V1x
    Hero Indian Open SSP Chawrasia Pro V1x
    Shenzhen International Bernd Wiesberger Pro V1
    Volvo China Open Alex Levy Pro V1x
    Open de Portugal Matt Wallace Pro V1x
    Nordea Masters Renato Paratore Pro V1x
    Lyoness Open Dylan Frittelli Pro V1
    HNA Open de France Tommy Fleetwood Pro V1x
    AAM Scottish Open Rafa Cabrera-Bello Pro V1x
    THE 146th OPEN CHAMPIONSHIP Jordan Spieth Pro V1x
    Porche European Open Jordan Smith Pro V1
         
    LPGA TOUR (18)    
    PureSilk LPGA Classic Brittany Lincicome Pro V1 x
    ISPS Handa Women's Australain Open Ha Na Jang Pro V1
    Honda LPGA Thailand Amy Yang Pro V1
    Kia LPGA Classic Mirim Lee Pro V1x
    ANA LPGA Inspiration So Yeon Ryu Pro V1
    LPGA LOTTE Championship Cristie Kerr Pro V1
    Volunteers of America Texas Shootout Haru Nomura Pro V1x
    Lorena Ochoa Match Play Sei Young Kim Pro V1
    LPGA Volvik Championship Shanshan Feng Pro V1x
    ShopRite LPGA Classic In-Kyung Kim Pro V1x
    Manulife LPGA Classic Ariya Jutanugarn Pro V1x
    Meijer LPGA Classic Brooke Henderson Pro V1
    NW Arkansas Championship So Yeon Ryu Pro V1
    KPMG Women's PGA Championship Danielle Kang Pro V1x
    Thornberry Creek LPGA Classic Katherine Kirk Pro V1
    U.S. Women's Open Sung Hyun Park Pro V1x
    Marathon Classic In-Kyung Kim Pro V1x
    Ricoh Women's British Open In-Kyung Kim Pro V1x
         
    PGA TOUR CHAMPIONS (11)    
    Mitsubishi Electric Championship Bernhard Langer Pro V1
    Allianz Championship Scott McCarron Pro V1
    Tucson Conquistadors Championship Tom Lehman Pro V1x
    Mitsubishi Electric Championship Stephen Ames Pro V1
    Insperity Invitational John Daly Pro V1x
    Regions Tradition Bernhard Langer Pro V1
    KitchenAid Senior PGA Championship Bernhard Langer Pro V1
    U.S. Senior Open Kenny Perry Pro V1
    Constellation Senior Players Championship Scott McCarron Pro V1
    Senior Open Championship Bernhard Langer Pro V1
    3M Championship Paul Goydos Pro V1
         
    WEB.COM TOUR (15)    
    The Bahamas Great Exuma Classic Kyle Thompson Pro V1x
    The Bahama Great Abaco Classic Andrew Landry Pro V1x
    Club Colombia Championship Ethan Tracy Pro V1x
    Chitimacha Louisiana Open Casey Wittenburg Pro V1
    United Leasing & Finance Championship D.H. Lee Pro V1
    Corales Puntacana Championship Nate Lashley Pro V1x
    BMW Charity Pro-Am Stephen Jaeger Pro V1
    Rex Hospital Open Conrad Shindler Pro V1
    Rust-Oleum Championship Stephen Jaeger Pro V1
    Lincoln Land Charity Championship Adam Schenk Pro V1
    Nashville Golf Open Lanto Griffin Pro V1
    LECOM Health Challenge Chesson Hadley Pro V1x
    Utah Championship Brice Garnett Pro V1
    Digital Ally Open Zecheng Dou Pro V1x
    Ellie Mae Classic Martin Piller Pro V1
         
    SOUTH AFRICAN TOUR (8)    
    Eye of Africa PGA Championship Erik van Rooyen Pro V1
    Dimension Data Pro-Am Paul Lawrie Pro V1x
    Zimbabwe Open JC Ritchie Pro V1
    Zambia Sugar Open Oliver Bekker Pro V1
    Investec Royal Swazi Open Peter Karmis Pro V1x
    Lombard Insurance Classic Oliver Bekker Pro V1
    Zambia Open Riekus Nortje Pro V1x
    Sun City Challenge Peter Karmis Pro V1x
         
    ASIAN TOUR (4)    
    Bashundhara Bangladesh Open Jazz Janewattananond Pro V1x
    Yeangder Heritage Shiv Kapur Pro V1x
    Thailand Open Rattanon Wannasricahn Pro V1x
    TAKE Solutions Masters Poom Saksansin Pro V1x
         
    JAPAN TOUR (7)    
    Leopalace21 Myanmar Open Winner Pro V1x
    Token Homemate Cup Wen-Chong Liang Pro V1x
    Panasonic Open Japan Kenichi Kuboya Pro V1x
    Kansai Open Shugo Imahira Pro V1x
    miz Open Chan Kim Pro V1x
    JGTO Championship Shaun Norris Pro V1x
    Sega Sammy Cup Chan Kim Pro V1x
         
    AUSTRALASIAN TOUR (6)    
    Victorian PGA Open Championship Dimi Papadatos Pro V1x
    New Zealand PGA Championship Jarryd Felton Pro V1x
    New Zealand Open Championship Mike Hendry Pro V1x
    Queensland PGA Championship Daniel Pearce Pro V1
    Papua New Guinea Open Winner Pro V1
    WA PGA Championship Dimi Papadatos Pro V1x
         
    MACKENZIE TOUR CANADA (4)    
    Bayview Place Cardtronics Open Max Rottluff Pro V1
    GolfBC Championship Robby Shelton Pro V1x
    The Players Cup Kramer Hickok Pro V1
    Mackenzie Investements Open Hank Lebioda Pro V1x
         
    ONEASIA TOUR (2)    
    GS Caltex Maekyung Open Sang Hee Lee Pro V1x
    Kolon Korea Open YiKeun Chang Pro V1x
         
    KOREAN TOUR (7)    
    SK Telecom Open JinHo Choi Pro V1x
    Caido Dream Open WooHyun Kim Pro V1x
    Descente Korea Munsingwear Matchplay SeungHyuk Kim Pro V1
    Caido Golden V1 Open JungHwan Lee Pro V1x
    KPGA Championship JungGon Hwang Pro V1x
    Gunsan CC Jeonbuk Open HyungJoon Lee Pro V1x
    Caido Male Open KyungNam Kang Pro V1x
         
    PGA TOUR CHINA (1)    
    Beijing Open Bryden Macpherson Pro V1
         
    PGA TOUR LATINOAMÉRICA (5)    
    70 Avianca Colombia Open  Winner  Pro V1x
    Molino Canuelas Championship  Winner  Pro V1x
    Guatemala Stella Artois Open  Winner  Pro V1x
    86 Abierto OSDE del Centro  Winner  Pro V1x
    Essential Costa Rica Classic  Winner  Pro V1x

    #TeamTitleist


              last week in tennis...        
    the season has finally started! yay! (i'm still trying to wrap my head around the whole round-robin-hybrid-system thingamajig, is that just to confuse people or is there a point to it all?) and in celebration i made some icons from the first week of tournaments.

    Teasers: , ,



    Tournaments:
    ATP:
    Next Generation Adelaide International - Australia - Winner: Novak Djokovic
    Qatar Open - Doha - Winner: Ivan Ljubicic
    Chennai Open - India - Winner: Xavier Malisse

    WTA:
    WTA Tour ASB Classic - Australia - Winner: Jelena Jakovic
    Womens Hardcourt Championship Gold Coast - Australia - Winner: Dinara Safina
    Watsons Water Championship - Hong Kong - Winner: Kim Clijsters

    ITF:
    Hopman Cup - Australia - Winner: Russia (Tursunov & Petrova)

    Icons:

    01. 02. 03.

    04. 05. 06.

    07. 08. 09.

    10. 11. 12.

    13. 14. 15.

    16. 17. 18.

    19. 20. 21.

    22. 23. 24.

    25. 26. 27.


    -credit if taking
    -comments make my day :)
    -please Do Not hotlink!

    -resources

    -Feel free to friend the journal for updates if you like :)
              2011 Volkswagen Qatar Concept wallpapers        
    2011 Volkswagen Qatar Concept

    2011 Volkswagen Qatar Concept

    2011 Volkswagen Qatar Concept

    2011 Volkswagen Qatar Concept


              VIDEO: Good performance by Monster Energy Honda Team in Qatar        

    Monster Energy Honda Team continue to make satisfactory progress in the FIM Cross-Country Rallies World Championship as the results from the second round in Qatar improve on those previously obtained in Abu Dhabi. The second race in the FIM Cross-Country Rallies World Championship disputed in Qatar this weekend has closed… read more.

    The post VIDEO: Good performance by Monster Energy Honda Team in Qatar appeared first on Rally.


              Monster Energy Honda Team finishes second in the Qatar Rally        

    The fifth and final day of the Qatar Rally – the second round of the FIM Cross-Country Rallies World Championship – has concluded with Paulo Gonçalves in runner-up position. Kevin Benavides likewise placed among rally’s elite with a fifth overall position. Monster Energy Honda Team close one of the toughest… read more.

    The post Monster Energy Honda Team finishes second in the Qatar Rally appeared first on Rally.


              Second place for Kevin Benavides in the penultimate stage        

    The Qatar Rally produced its toughest day so far with extremely demanding navigation. Kevin Benavides finished second on the day, while Paulo Gonçalves still has options open in the upper-part of the overall table. A change of scenery at the Qatar Rally brought with it a complicated stage with constant… read more.

    The post Second place for Kevin Benavides in the penultimate stage appeared first on Rally.


              Paulo Gonçalves consolidates second position in Qatar        

    Portuguese Monster Energy Honda Team rider Paulo Gonçalves performed well in the third stage of the Qatar Rally with second position on the day to remain in second place in the overall standings. On Qatar Rally’s longest day, with a total trajectory of over 500 kilometres, Monster Energy Honda Team… read more.

    The post Paulo Gonçalves consolidates second position in Qatar appeared first on Rally.


              Gonçalves and Benavides on the podium in the second stage        

    Paulo Gonçalves and Kevin Benavides both posted podium finishes at the end of a lengthy special stage on day two of the Qatar Rally as the first differences in the field begin to emerge. It was a tough day out for the Monster Energy Honda Team riders who had to… read more.

    The post Gonçalves and Benavides on the podium in the second stage appeared first on Rally.


              The Doha Problem        
    The WTO has just published the request by Qatar for consultations with the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia concerning their trade restrictions. I quickly skimmed through the requests and found a few interesting points: This is the second...
               Qatar Vacancies this week         

    Job Title:  
    • Licensed Physician  
    • Licensed  Pharmacist 
    • Female Filipino Nurses 
    • Arabic Female receptionist 
     Job Location:  Qatar 
     Company: Leading Medical center in doha 
     Date Posted: 21 - June - 2017
    PLEASE SEND YOUR CV TO:


     :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


    Job Title: Van sales representative
     Job Location:  Qatar
     Company:  undisclosed
     Date Posted: 21 - June - 2017 
    Requirements: With valid  Qatari Driving license  .Familiar with Doha roads
    Interested candidates Email @ hr.vansalesrep@gmail.com


     :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::









    Job Title:
     â€¢ PLANNING ENGINEER 
    • AV ENGINEER
     â€¢ SALES MANAGER 
    • ACCOUNT MANAGER/ SALES ENGINEER
    ʉۢ BMS ENGINEER
    ʉۢ FIRE ALARM / ELV ENGINEER
     â€¢ HOME AUTOMATION / LIGHTING CONTROL ENGINEER 
    • SECURITY ENGINEER / ELV 
    • ICT (NETWORK/IT) ENGINEERA
     Job Location: Qatar
    Company: A LEADING ELV AND ICT
    Date Posted: 18 - June - 2017
    Requirements: ALL CANDIDATE SHOULD HAVE 3-5 YEARS OF PROVEN EXPERIENCE IN THE SAME FIELD, QATARI DRIVING LICENSE AND NOC.
     INTERESTED CANDIDATES SHOULD SEND THEIR CV’S TO recruitment.hrqatar17@gmail.com
     :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::



    Job Title: Life Safety Design Engineer
     Job Location:DOHA ,QATAR 
     Company: A leading Engineering Consulting Company 
     Date Posted: 18 - June - 2017 
     Requirements:  Architect / Engineer with overall 10 years’ experience and out of which 5 years’ experience in preparation and review of Fire Life Safety
    Drawings and Reports. He should be UPDA Grade A and also NFPA 101 & 130 certified. Knowledge in NFPA 5000 and other pertinent NFPA codes and standards is also required. 

    Please submit your resume with latest photograph to: doha.jobs05@gmail.com

    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


    SALES EXECUTIVE Indoor and outdoor sales Min. experience - 2-4 years, age limit 22-35, Min. Education: 12th - Graduate Driving license - more preferable. Language: Arabic, fluency earns extra benefits, reading and writing arabic preferred. 
    Contact : hrhsbqtr@gmail.com
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::


    Job Title: 
    1) Supervisors - Electrical, Plumbing, HVAC, Civil 
    2) Technicians - Electrician, Plumbers, HVAC Civil (General), Generator Operator, Chiller machine
    3) Others - Painters (Civil), Cleaners (Rope access) General Cleaners (Male / Female) CAFM / FM Coordinator, LV Drivers 
    Job Location: Qatar
    Company: Undisclosed
    Date Posted: 18 - June - 2017 
    Requirements: Candidates with good experience. Having Transferable visa / NOC.
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    ACCOUNTANT REQUIRED. A Reputable business is in need of an Accountant with a minimum of two years experience. Candidate must have the ability to prepare accurate financial and managerial reports. Email: randen.invo@gmail.com 

     :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    REQUIRED PLANNING ENGINEER. With 8 to 10 years experience in Oil and Gas EPC Projects Planning. Skills - Baseline Schedule, Earn value analysis, Change request management integration, extensive knowledge in Project Scheduling, Monitoring and Control, Resource & Cost loading. Proven competence in Primavera P6 & MS Excel suite.
    email: are-job-059@outlook.com 
     
    REQUIRED Hospitality and Cleaning female staff (Filipina national). Transferable visa is a must. Please send CV by email: manzoornasir@outlook.com
     :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::
    URGENTLY REQUIRED:
     1) Staff Nurse - Salary 4000 +. 
    2) Receptionist - Salary 4000/- (Preferably Arabic speaking). 
    :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::

    MEDICAL CENTER IN NEED OF Filipino Nurses. Contact: 50138017, email: abdulnasseralkassab@gmail.com FULL TIME HOUSEMAID. Indian prefer. Looking for full time housemaid for small Indian family. Contact: 50222137, email: musthafa.aljaid@gmail.com 

    ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: 

    URGENTLY REQUIRED. Admin - Qatar Driving licence is must. Architect / Civil Engineer - 15 years experience. Driver - LV, Cook. Transferable visa / NOC is must. CV to: ele@essexlloyds.com 
     
     :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::






    _____________________________________________________________

              Accountants /Data entry/saftey/Technical skilled staff, Qatar-Overseas Recruitment        


              Civil/oil & gas Vacancies, Qatar/ Saudi Arabia/Kazakhstan-Overseas Recruitment        


              O Portugal rosa da Altice | O COMANDO É DELES?        


    Miguel Guedes* | Jornal de Notícias | opinião

    AAltice transborda de "vertente humana" mas só pelo nome da empresa de recursos humanos especialista em trabalho temporário com a qual contracena. Aberta a porta de saída para os despedimentos em massa, a Altice acena aos futuros despedidos da PT, enviando uma cenoura roída em forma de panfleto: "Se tem um amigo ou familiar (...) que está à procura de emprego, esta é a oportunidade de trabalhar ao lado da (...) MEO com contrato de trabalho temporário (...). Saiba tudo sobre este desafio". Não há muito mais para saber. O que a Altice pretende fazer é uma ilegalidade, promovendo descaradamente um dos maiores processos de despedimento e precarização do trabalho em Portugal, sem qualquer pejo em aliciar os mesmos trabalhadores que pretende despedir. Compete ao Governo decidir, de uma vez por todas, se o comando é mesmo da MEO.

    A forma como comandamos as portas de saída diz bem sobre quem as atravessa mas também sobre quem as abre. Tanto na Europa, como nos EUA ou no Médio Oriente. No Reino Unido, a ideia fundamental que preside ao processo de negociação com a UE relativamente ao Brexit é a de que os conservadores britânicos não fazem a mais pequena ideia de como querem sair. Arrastados para um processo de dúvidas, os "tories" procuram pagar o menos possível sem saber como fazer contas, adiando as negociações que deveriam ter começado no pós-referendo. E esta parece ser a única certeza: a falta de preparação para a saída arrasta o Reino Unido para a divisão interna.

    No Médio Oriente, Israel ameaça silenciar a Al-Jazeera após o primeiro-ministro Netanyahu acusar - sem prova aparente - o canal de notícias árabe de incitamento à violência. O que antes fora uma relação relativamente pacífica que permitia a Israel apresentar-se ao comando dos "trunfos democráticos", transformou-se agora numa arma de arremesso no isolamento que o mundo árabe começa a fazer ao Qatar, base da cadeia televisiva (Arábia Saudita, Egipto, Bahrain e os Emirados Árabes Unidos baniram recentemente a Al-Jazeera). Resta saber se Israel tem a pretensão de pensar que nem sequer precisa de comunicar com o mundo árabe ou se Netanyahu pretende passar mais facilmente entre a chuva corrosiva dos seus mais recentes escândalos de corrupção. Ou se a ocupação da Palestina será, longe das câmaras, convenientemente menos visível.

    Nos EUA, enquanto cresce o grau de descontentamento com a sua governação, Trump recruta Kayleigh McEnamy à CNN para um autêntico canal de propaganda que faria corar o estimado líder norte-coreano. Racista, misógina, reconhecida apoiante de Trump, a comentadora abandona as "fake news" para a "twilight zone" da TRUMP TV. E da noite para o dia, entrega-nos agora as "notícias reais" ao som de uma marcha de propaganda, directamente da Trump Tower. Porque o comando também é dele.

    *Músico e jurista

    O autor escreve segundo a antiga ortografia


              Rex Tillerson to visit Gulf for talks on Qatar crisis        

    Istanbul: US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson will start a four-day visit to Kuwait, Qatar and Saudi Arabia on Monday for talks with Gulf Arab leaders, the State Department announced.

    Tillerson's trip appeared aimed at finding a breakthrough in the crisis over sanctions imposed on Qatar by Saudi Arabia and its allies.

    Rex Tillerson to visit Gulf for talks on Qatar crisis
    Section: 
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    Facebook Instant Article: 
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              Qatar Enlists a New Ally in Its Diplomatic Crisis: 4,000 Cows        

    Qatar, the subject of a crippling blockade by Saudi Arabia and other Gulf countries, will welcome 4,000 herbivorous foreigners in the coming months to help fulfill the country’s dairy demands. Arriving on a Qatar Airways flight from Germany via Budapest, the first batch of 165 cows landed in the tiny Gulf nation on Tuesday and were promptly transported to a newly built dairy facility.

    Dairy products found in Qatari supermarkets used to be imported from neighboring Saudi Arabia. But on June 5, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, and Bahrain cut off diplomatic ties with Qatar and imposed the land, air, and sea blockade of their neighbor. Doha, the capital of the primarily oil-exporting economy, rejected a list of 13 demands as preconditions for lifting the sanctions, so the blockade continues.

    According to one estimate, more than 99 percent of Qatar’s food is imported, primarily through its land border with Saudi Arabia. Although the Qatari government promises that there’s enough Ben & Jerry’s to keep the country of 2.7 million people happy, news of the blockade led many Qataris to stock up on supplies. “I’ve never seen anything like it – people have trolleys full of food and water,” one Qatari shopper told Doha News on the day the blockade was announced. Even as the blockade put Qatari shoppers on edge, it presented a business opportunity for others.

    According to Bloomberg, the Qatari firm Power International Holding purchased the cows from Europe to be flown in via 60 flights. Chairman Moutaz al-Khayyat says he expects the cows to meet 30 percent of the country’s dairy demand. Qatar has also been seeking new trade routes, importing yogurt from Turkey and meat and fruit from Morocco and Iran. A rival to Saudi Arabia’s ambitions in the Middle East, Iran has also granted Qatar access to three of its ports, and Turkey flew four cargo planes of food to Qatar immediately after the blockade began. “New import arrangements have been made with different countries including Turkey to ensure uninterrupted supply of food products,” a representative of Qatar’s Lulu supermarket chain told the Peninsula in June.

    Qatar, which currently boasts the highest per capita income in the world, has continued to dismiss the blockade’s economic toll. Even as the Gulf country has been hit with a ratings downgrade over the crisis, its leaders and people insist on its resilience.

    “Even if we don’t import or export for the next year, we have enough materials to cover our infrastructure and private sector projects,” Qatari Foreign Minister Sheikh Ahmed bin Jassim Al Thani told Al Jazeera earlier this month.

    “It’s a message of defiance, that we don’t need others. Our government has made sure we have no shortages and we are grateful for that. We have no fear. No one will die of hunger,” Qatari resident Umma Issa told Bloomberg.

    And although the cows might enjoy their new surroundings, hundreds of camels have reportedly died from starvation and thirst after their Qatari farmers were kicked out of Saudi Arabia. According to the Independent, the Qatari government was able to save 8,000 stranded camels, but many died en route across the desert.

    Maybe Qatar Airways’ cattle car isn’t a bad way to travel after all.


              Destination Dubai 2017 | A hands-on workshop and Food Experience        
    Dubai feels like a second home to me. My parents have lived there since the mid nineties and I have been part of Dubai’s incredible progress since the eighties when we lived in Qatar and often visited the city.  Dubai is a city of surprises and over the decade it has risen, then fallen and...

    [Read the rest of this post on my website]

              "Les Qataris sont mauvais en communication !" (52 réponses)        
    Une déflagration diplomatique entre géants pétroliers du Golfe, des sites Internet et des boîtes mail piratées, une bataille de chaînes d’info, des accusations de soutien au terrorisme, et un jeu trouble des États-Unis : la crise du Qatar a plongé les opinions occidentales dans la perplexité. Pour tenter de comprendre pourquoi huit États ont rompu avec fracas leurs relations diplomatiques avec le Qatar, trois invités : Georges Malbrunot, journaliste au Figaro, co-auteur avec Christian Chesnot du livre Nos très chers émirs (octobre 2017), Nabil Ennasri, directeur de l’Observatoire du Qatar et doctorant à l’Institut d’études politiques d’Aix-en-Provence, et Sihem Souid, fondatrice d’Edile Consulting, agence de communication qui a géré les relations presse de l’ambassade d’Arabie saoudite et celle du Qatar.
    L'émission est présentée par Daniel Schneidermann...
              Cine: Festival Internacional de Cine Latino Árabe        
     LATINARAB
    DEL  LUNES 4 AL 13 DE SEPTIEMBRE 2017 | CIUDAD DE BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA

    en
    Espacio INCAA Cine Gaumont | Alianza Francesa | Centro Cultural Gral. San Martín  |Sala Leonardo Favio, Biblioteca del Congreso de la Nación
    La Asociación Civil Creciente Cine Fértil, responsable del Festival Internacional de Cine Latino Árabe LatinArab, invita a disfrutar de su 7.ma edición que se llevará a cabo del 4 al 13 de septiembre en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires.
    El Espacio INCAA Cine Gaumont, la Alianza Francesa, el Complejo Bajo Plaza del CCGSM, la Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional, la Legislatura Porteña serán las sedes y puntos de encuentro.
    "El festival LatinArab llega a su 7.ma edición constituido como el evento latinoamericano referencial en cooperación cultural y audiovisual Sur-Sur que reúne a las cinematografías e industrias latinoamericanas y árabes en un escenario único. LatinArab es el único festival internacional de cine latino árabe en el continente, posicionándose así como principal espacio de intercambio cultural entre América Latina y Países Árabes. El festival contribuye al desarrollo de la producción intercultural a través del diálogo, en términos de igualdad y equidad entre ambas regiones. De este modo se muestra abocado a disminuir prejuicios y toda forma de odio y racismo. LatinArab nos acerca una experiencia estética y poética cinematográfica a través de secciones competitivas y no competitivas. Nuestro trabajo combina el poder creativo de dos regiones emergentes que merecen ser miradas y relacionadas. Los esperamos en Buenos Aires, Argentina, desde el sur del mundo; fortaleciendo la creación colectiva y el encuentro único que genera el cine. Desde las pantallas estamos invitándonos al desafío de compartir la circularidad del espacio-tiempo, inexorable para todos; a reconocernos en esas múltiples y diversas miradas como parte única e irrepetible de la gran familia de la humanidad. LatinArab está cambiando la forma de mirar al mundo árabe. Bienvenidos a la 7.ma edición del Festival Internacional de Cine Latino Árabe LatinArab".
    Edgardo Bechara El Khoury
    Director Ejecutivo
    Cine Fértil y LatinArab



    ACTIVIDADES | PROGRAMA

    El Festival se encuentra estructurado sobre tres pilares: la programación de películas; actividades de industria y actividades de formación. El programa está dividido en secciones competitivas (Selección Oficial) y no competitivas. La programación del festival, diseñada para celebrar la pluralidad de voces y la abundancia de creatividad de la región; busca un equilibrio, seleccionando obras de profesionales de renombre como así también de cineastas jóvenes y emergentes. Asimismo, pretende nivelar las expresiones tradicionales y populares con el cine de autor y de vanguardia; reflejando también la historia del cine árabe a través de retrospectivas y proyecciones especiales.  
    En 2013, el festival inauguró la categoría “País Invitado de Honor”. En esta ocasión, celebrará la cinematografía de ARGELIA con la Primera Semana de Cine Argelino en Argentina a desarrollarse del 4 al 08 de Septiembre 2017 en la Alianza Francesa de Buenos Aires.


     SELECCIÓN OFICIAL
    Una vez más, los países árabes y latinoamericanos encuentran en LatinArab un espacio en donde hacer oír su voz, entrecruzándose y dialogando a través de la más fascinante experiencia estética: el cine.
    Por séptimo año consecutivo, el espectador tendrá la posibilidad de encontrarse con los más diversos modelos de representación y de producción cinematográfica del mundo árabe en las competencias de Largometrajes y Cortometrajes Árabes, y de América Latina en la sección Panorama LatinArab.
    Las siguientes secciones competitivas conforman la Selección Oficial LatinArab 2017:
    • Competencia de Largometrajes Árabes
    • Competencia de Cortometrajes Árabes
    • Panorama Latino Árabe de filmes latinoamericanos
    Las películas que integran las distintas secciones de la Selección Oficial serán evaluadas por un jurado conformado por importantes figuras nacionales e internacionales, como Felipe Lage (España), Loubna Abydar (Marruecos), Sadek Rahim (Argelia), y los argentinos Leticia Brédice, Karina Bidaseca, Walter Tiepelmann, Lucho Mehzer, entre otros.
    SECCIONES NO COMPETITIVAS Y PROYECCIONES ESPECIALES
    La siguiente programación fuera de competencia está siendo curada para completar el programa de LatinArab 2017:
    1.a SEMANA DE CINE ARGELINO EN ARGENTINA
    En el marco de la 7.ma edición del Festival Internacional de Cine Latino Árabe LatinArab, llega a Argentina la Primera Semana de Cine Argelino, que se desarrollará del 4 al 08 de Septiembre en la Alianza Francesa de Buenos Aires.
    “MADE IN QATAR”| VENTANA PARA LA INFANCIA Y LA JUVENTUD
    Made in Qatar es una pequeña muestra del trabajo de cineastas radicados en Qatar. LatinArab 2017, presenta un programa especial que permite hacer un recorrido por la programación del Festival de Cine Joven Ajyal que se realiza anualmente en Qatar y en el que se exhiben películas árabes hechas por y sobre jóvenes.
    MUESTRA DE CORTOMETRAJES DE ANDALUCÍA
    Por primera vez en su historia, el Festival LatinArab acogerá una selección especial de cortometrajes producidos en Andalucía, España fruto del Convenio firmado con la Fundación Tres Culturas del Mediterraneo de Sevilla, y en colaboración con el Agencia Andaluza de Instituciones Culturales.
    ACTIVIDADES DE MERCADO E INDUSTRIA 
    LatinArab se establece como punto de reunión para profundizar las relaciones entre las industrias cinematográficas de los países árabes y latinoamericanos, desarrollando una plataforma donde puedan celebrarse acuerdos bi-regionales de cooperación. El Banco de Proyectos Latino Árabe de Cine y TV es la materialización de ese objetivo. En esta línea de acción, la séptima edición de LatinArab reúne diversas actividades en su cronograma.
     

     
    ACTIVIDADES FORMATIVAS, MESAS Y CONFERENCIAS
    LatinArab se establecerse como un lugar de reunión para la reflexión y el debate, presentando un rango de mesas debate, paneles y clases magistrales. Este año son tres las conferencias y clases magistrales. Ellas serán:
    1-    â€œMIGRANTES Y COMUNIDADES ÁRABES EN ARGENTINA: NUEVOS DESAFÍOS DEL SIGLO XXI”. Una jornada para comprender los nuevos desafíos que plantea el cuadro migratorio internacional, la lucha contra la arabofobia e islamofobia y el compromiso con la diversidad cultural argentina.
    2-            â€œRODAR POR PALESTINA”. Experiencias de territorialidad. Seis cineastas argentinos/latinoamericanos nos cuentan sus experiencias rodando cine en la sociedad civil palestina. 
    3-     â€œDE ARGEL A BUENOS AIRES”. A 44 años del Primer Encuentro de Cineastas del Tercer Mundo. Homenaje al Instituto del Tercer Mundo “Manuel Ugarte”, UBA. 1973 fue el año en el que estos dos países decidieron unirse con un objetivo en común: cambiar al mundo. 

     
    SEDES


    •       CINE.AR Sala Gaumont (Av. Rivadavia 1635)
    •       Alianza Francesa  (Córdoba 946)
    •       Complejo Bajo Plaza - CCGSM  (Sarmiento 1551)
    •       Sala Leonardo Favio - Biblioteca del Congreso de la Nación (Alsina 1835)
    ACERCA DE CINE FÉRTIL:
    La Asociación Civil Creciente Cine Fértil para la Promoción de la Diversidad Cultural está constituida por un equipo abocado a la difusión desde Argentina hacia América Latina del cine y la cultura árabe, así como a la promoción de la diversidad latinoamericana y del cine argentino en los países árabes. 
    Conformada en 2003, ha consolidado un espacio latinoamericano de acceso a la realidad cultural, social y política del Mundo Árabe a través del cine. Mediante muestras, semanas y festivales de cine generamos herramientas para el diálogo intercultural, el conocimiento mutuo de nuestras sociedades y el desarrollo de estrategias comunes de producción audiovisual entre los países árabes y latinoamericanos.
    2010 fue el año del afianzamiento institucional de Cine Fértil, ya que se organizó en agosto la primera Muestra de Cine EuroÁrabe Amal, con la colaboración del Euroarab Film Festival Amal de Santiago de Compostela, España. En octubre de ese año, Cine Fértil coorganizó en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires el programa Cartografías Urbanas, curado por Casa Árabe de España. 
    En 2011, Cine Fértil organizó el primer Festival Internacional de Cine Árabe: LatinArab, donde se proyectaron algunas de las más sobresalientes películas contemporáneas producidas en el Mundo Árabe. Para lograrlo, contó con el apoyo de prestigiosas instituciones como el INCAA (Instituto Nacional de Cine y Artes Audiovisuales de la Argentina), AFAC (Arab Fund for Arts and Culture), DFI (Doha Film Institute), CCM (Centro Cinematográfico Marroquí), Abu Dhabi International Film Festival (Emiratos Árabes Unidos), la Fundación Prince Claus (Holanda), Ventana Sur (INCAA y Marché du film Cannes) junto con la Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero (UNTREF) y la Universidad de Buenos Aires (UBA).
    A partir del año 2012, el festival ha fusionado la competencia de largometrajes de ficción y de documental, apoyándose en la idea de que los límites entre la realidad y la ficción son cada vez más difusos. Luego de cuatro exitosas ediciones, LatinArab se instala como Festival Internacional de Cine Latino Árabe enmarcando a Cine Fértil como una de las organizaciones más relevantes en nuestro continente, dedicada al intercambio cultural y de industria entre América Latina y los países árabes. 
    Todas las muestras, ciclos y festivales llevados a cabo por Cine Fértil han sido auspiciados por el INCAA a través de la Gerencia de Relaciones Institucionales y la Sub Gerencia de Festivales Nacionales, siendo declaradas oportunamente de interés por el Congreso de la Nación, el Ministerio de Cultura de la Nación, la Legislatura de la Ciudad de Buenos Ares, el Ministerio de Cultura de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires y de las respectivas Legislaturas y Secretarías de Cultura provinciales, entre otros.



              Los países MAS RICOS del MUNDO.        

















    Se dice que los países son ricos si las personas que viven allí ganan lo suficiente para mantenerse ellos mismos. Hay dos métodos estándar para medir la riqueza de los países, y qué tan ricos o pobres son susHABITANTES. La medida usada más a menudo es el Producto Interno Bruto[^] o (PIB), el cual representa el tamaño de la economía de un país.
    Un refinamiento de éste, es el PIB per cápita, el cual es una medida del bienestar promedio, y la riqueza o pobreza de los residentes de un país — Sin embargo, la medida que la mayoría de los economistas en el mundo prefieren es el PIB basado en la Paridad del Poder Adquisitivo[^] o (PPA). Esta es la lista de los 10 países más ricos del mundo basada en la Paridad del Poder Adquisitivo (PPA) per cápita:
    #10. Kuwait
    PIB (PPA): $43,773 [€32,386.72]
    Región: Medio Oriente
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Kuwait es uno de los países más prósperos en el Medio Oriente. Como los otros, depende enormemente del petróleo para sus ingresos. El crudo representa la mayoría de sus exportaciones. Cuenta con una población de 2.8 millones. Su ingreso per cápita lo convierte en uno de los países más ricos del mundo.

    #9. Suiza
    PIB (PPA): $44,015 [€32,565.83]
    Región: Europa
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Situada en el continente europeo, Suiza cuenta con una economía bien diversa, además de ser una de las economías más estables del mundo. La economía de este rico país depende de laBANCA, el turismo, industrias y agricultura. Suiza es también líder mundial en la exportación de relojes de alta gama. Es uno de los paraísos financieros para aquellos quienes buscan esconder su dinero.

    #8. Emiratos Árabes Unidos
    PIB (PPA): $48,434 [€35,819.13]
    Región: Medio Oriente
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Otro de los países más ricos del Medio Oriente, los Emiratos Arabes Unidos (EAU) consisten en siete Emiratos independientes los cuales se rigen por sus propios monarcas. Es el segundo país árabe más rico. Su PIB es el tercero más grande en el Medio Oriente, después de Arabia Saudita e Irán.
    Genera riqueza de sus exportaciones de petróleo y gas natural, junto con pescado seco y dátiles. Con el agotamiento de sus reservas de petróleo, los Emiratos han empezado a diversificar sus negocios. Este rico país planea ahora convertirse en un gran destino turístico y líder mundial del mercado financiero.

    #7. Estados Unidos
    PIB (PPA): $49,601 [€36,698.30]
    Región: América
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Estados Unidos, el país más poderoso del mundo y la economía más poderosa del mundo, lidera al mundo en ciencia y tecnología y en casi todos los campos de la investigación que se pueda imaginar. Es el exportador más grande de armas y también de otros bienes y servicios.
    Este rico país cuenta con un PIB de alrededor $15 billones (€11 billones) lo que lo convierte en la economía más rica y grande del mundo. Estados Unidos también es el fabricante más grande del mundo y la nación financiera líder.

    #6. Brunéi
    PIB (PPA): $50,440 [€37,318.76]
    Región: Asia
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Situado en el Sudeste de Asia, Brunei genera sus ingresos de exportaciones de petróleo crudo y gas natural. Las ganancias del petróleo contribuyen alrededor de un 90% a su PIB. Con una población pequeña de menos de medio millón, Brunei es uno de los países menos densamente poblados del mundo. Su sultán es una de las personas más ricas del mundo.

    #5. Hong Kong
    PIB (PPA): $50,716 [€37,523.05]
    Región: Asia
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Situado en la costa sur de China, Hong Kong es el quinto país más rico basado en los ingresos per cápita. Cuenta con un alto PIB, y es un destino financiero líder en el mundo, así como en Asia. Es una región especialmente administrada con su propia moneda, pero con servicios de defensa de China.

    #4. Noruega
    PIB (PPA): $54,479 [€40,289.23]
    Región: Europa
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Con cerca de 5 millones de personas, Noruega, con un alto PIB y una población relativamente baja, es uno de los países más ricos de la Tierra. La economía de esta rica nación depende de las reservas de petróleo y gas natural encontradas alrededor del país.

    #3. Singapur
    PIB (PPA): $61,046.96 [€45,146.42]
    Región: Asia
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Localizado en el Sudeste de Asia y compuesto de 63 islas, Singapur es un país isla completo. Es uno de los centros financieros más grandes del mundo, y junto a Taiwan, Hong Kong y Corea del Sur, forman los Cuatro Tigres de Asia. Tiene una población de alrededor de 5.5 millones de personas.

    #2. Luxemburgo
    PIB (PPA): $79,649.49 [€58,929.79]
    Región: Europa
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Es el segundo país más rico del mundo y mantiene el título como “país más rico de Europa”. Luxemburgo es más famoso por ser un paraíso fiscal. Multimillonarios de alrededor del mundo viven es este país para salvarse de impuestos en sus países natales.
    Liderado por un Gran Duque, con una población de alrededor de medio millón, el país cuenta con un fuerte contraste de verdes pastos junto con una ciudad mega industrializada. LaBANCA, industria de acero y las telecomunicaciones contribuyen fuertemente a su riqueza.

    #1. Qatar
    PIB (PPA): $106,283.96 [€78,635.68]
    Región: Medio Oriente
    Los Diez Países Más Ricos Del Mundo 2013Con una población de alrededor de 1.9 millones y un PIB equivalente a $182 mil millones (€134.6 mil millones), Qatar es el país más rico del mundo. Está situado en el Golfo Pérsico y es una península.
    La economía de este rico país depende enteramente del petróleo, ya que éste contribuye casi un 85% en sus ganancias de exportaciones. La banca y el turismo son otras áreas con las que QatarGENERA DINERO.

              2v1: Maledivský ostrov Gan + Srí Lanka z Prahy. Letenky od 14 459 Kč        

    Využijte skvělé nabídky společností z aliance Oneworld (Qatar Airways a SriLankan Airlines) z Prahy na exotický ostrov Gan na samém jihu Malediv, kam se za normálních okolností budeme dostávat jen obtížně nebo velmi draze. Po zavedení přímé linky SriLankan Airlines ze Srí Lanky na místní letiště Gan se však situace mění a vy si tak můžete užít snové dovolené na liduprázdných ostrůvcích atolu Addu, křišťálově čistých vod s bohatým podmořským životem a ještě se cestou na libovolně dlouhou dobu zastavit na Srí Lance.

    Zastávku na Srí Lance lze nejlépe navolit na cestě tam, a to klidně na pár dní, týden nebo i déle. Jak postupovat, abyste nemuseli nocovat v Kataru (hotel zdarma v tomto případě nedostanete)? 

    • Odlet tam zvolte v úterý, čtvrtek nebo sobotu
    • Odlet zpět z Ganu nebo Srí Lanky zvolte v pondělí nebo úterý
    • Mezi Colombem a Ganem se létá v pondělí, úterý, čtvrtek, pátek a sobotu.

    Uvedené ceny pokrývají celé období hlavní sezóny, dostupné jsou od září až do května s výjimkou termínů na Nový rok.

    Potřebné informace o vízových povinnostech, cenách, dopravě a dalším se dozvíte v našich průvodcích Srí Lankou a Maledivami.


              Football : Emirates reste le sponsor du PSG malgré la crise au Qatar        
    Football : Emirates reste le sponsor du PSG malgré la crise au Qatar
    Porte-étendard de la politique de soft power du Qatar, le Paris Saint-Germain est sponsorisé par la compagnie aérienne Emirates depuis 2006. Or, plu...

    www.saphirnews.com | Journal d'actualité générale et d'information sur l'islam et les musulmans

              Sunday's News Links        
    [Bloomberg] Biggest Qatar Bank Is Said Weighing Funding Option Amid GCC Spat

    [Reuters] UK ready to pay up to 40 billion euros to leave EU: Sunday Telegraph

    [Bloomberg] China Confident Sanctions Can Block North Korea Nuclear Push

    [FT] China says North Korean missile threat reaching ‘crisis point’
              Western Politics Of High-octane Emotion        
    | by Finian Cunningham

    (January 20, 2015, Washington DC. , Sri Lanka Guardian) So America's top diplomat John Kerry wants to give France "a big hug" to condole over the recent spate of alleged terror attacks in that country. Speaking in Paris while laying a wreath for the 17 victims of violence, Kerry said that "America feels the pain of our oldest ally."

    Kerry's words, accompanied by James Taylor's mawkish song 'You've Got a Friend', is typical of the new politics of high-octane emotion that is inducing people to take leave of their senses.


    With tears running down the nation's cheeks, the French authorities are thus stoking more violence in the Middle East than they have already done along with their Western allies. How crass can it get? But in the new lachrymose politics of emotions, the public surrenders to the crassness.
    Since the violent attacks that hit Paris last week, the French authorities have orchestrated full-court national and international mourning. Massive marches for "unity" and "free speech", candlelit vigils, medal-of-honor ceremonies, and somber eulogies and paeans to "French values" - all such events and media coverage have sought to bolster the support for state authorities.

    The trouble with this "high-octane emotional politics" is that it stupefies the public from asking some very necessary hard questions of the authorities. By buying into weeping and self-indulgence, the public are at risk of being manipulated like never before.

    Just as John Kerry was offering a big hug "to all of France", the US government this week announced a significant step-up in its military involvement in Syria. The Pentagon unveiled plans to send 500 military personnel to train "moderate rebels" to fight against the elected government forces of President Bashar al Assad.

    Saudi Arabia, Qatar and Turkey are to provide the US with training grounds on their territories to furnish a "new rebel army" of 15,000 fighters. The previous "moderate rebels" became subsumed into the ranks of the extremist Al Nusra and ISIS, taking their American weapons with them.

    It is widely acknowledged, even in the Western mainstream media, that the conflict in Syria has fuelled extremism across the Middle East, which is finding its way into Europe. As troops go on high-alert counter-terror operations in France and Belgium this weekend, there is an unequivocal correlation between the conflicts in Syria, Libya and Iraq - and new threats of terrorism in Europe.

    The latest troop dispatch by the US to train "rebels" in Syria will inevitably lead to more conflict and terrorism. So much for John Kerry's big hug and emotive pleas of "you've got a friend". Kerry is like an arsonist paying his respects to families of charred victims.

    That conclusion should be a no-brainer. But as the masses are swooning with emotion - and a lot of that crocodile tears too - some basic facts become blinded, conveniently for the authorities.

    One basic fact is that the Western states' covert war for regime change in Syria is criminal and in violation of several international laws. Western political leaders crying over victims in Paris should be prosecuted for war crimes from their four-year-long military adventurism in Syria involving proxy extremist networks. These terror networks are feeding directly back into European societies. American and Western media deception of "training moderate rebels" should be dismissed with the contempt that it deserves. Washington and its European allies are up their necks with terror networks.

    Days after the apparent terror killings in Paris, French President Francois Hollande made one of many emotive speeches that week proclaiming the supposed virtues of Western values - while on board the aircraft carrier Charles De Gaulle. The largest vessel in the French fleet was then deployed to join NATO forces in the Persian Gulf to step up bombing campaigns in Syria and Iraq "to defeat terrorism".

    With tears running down the nation's cheeks, the French authorities are thus stoking more violence in the Middle East than they have already done along with their Western allies. How crass can it get? But in the new lachrymose politics of emotions, the public surrenders to the crassness.

    However, it is precisely at this juncture that we need to avoid emotional over-reaction and instead to pursue rational, critical questions. As several respected commentators have already noted there are gaping doubts in the official French version of what took place in Paris last week.

    Michel Chossudovsky has pointed out that the French police chief, Elric Fredou, who was looking into the attack on the Paris magazine Charlie Hebdo, in which 12 people were killed, was himself found dead in an apparent suicide on the night following that incident. The timing is highly suspicious, but the wider public, misled by the non-inquiring media, appear to be disinterested in the circumstances of the police commissioner's untimely death. Was it really suicide? Was he being shut-up over damaging revelations about who were the real perpetrators of the attack on Charlie Hebdo?

    Paul Craig Roberts has also pointed out several incongruities in the official narrative, including the way that the French state security forces executed the Kouachi brothers and the kosher supermarket gunman Amedy Coulibaly, instead of capturing them, thus removing any possibility for the public to hear their accounts. Were they set up by French military intelligence to take the rap for the earlier terror attacks? Roberts notes that the professional behaviour of the masked gunmen in the Paris attacks does not match the bumbling behavior of the Kouachis at the later, fatal shoot-out.

    Also, as Peter Koenig recently argued, the spate of French alleged terror attacks, as well as the recent fatal incident in Belgium this weekend, is being used as a "shock and awe" device to manufacture public opinion into accepting more coercive state police powers and foreign military interventions - the very policies that are fueling terrorism.

    Western governments and their pliable news media are audaciously playing politics with public emotions. Proven Western state involvement in Middle East conflicts and false flag terrorism needs to be rigorously interrogated and exposed more than ever.

    But the public seems too occupied shedding tears, singing the Marseilles, and accepting big hugs from the likes of John Kerry, to otherwise be able to think straight and to hold the authorities to account. Ironically, in the political climate of high-octane emotions, the people are turning for protection from the very authorities who are placing them in increasing danger.

    Finian Cunningham (born 1963) has written extensively on international affairs, with articles published in several languages. He is a Master’s graduate in Agricultural Chemistry and worked as a scientific editor for the Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, England, before pursuing a career in newspaper journalism.




              This Week: Palestinian Unity, GCC-Qatar Comity, and Syrian Duplicity        
    Significant Developments

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              La gastronomie marocaine primée au Qatar.        
    Ces derniers temps, la gastronomie marocaine a le vent en poupe. Le restaurant « Tangia » du Wyndham Grand Regency de Doha a remporté le Fact Dining Awards 2016 du meilleur restaurant marocain du Qatar, rapporte la presse locale. Une consécration que le restaurant du groupe américain doit au vote en ligne du public et […]
    MarocWebo.com : portail Actualité du Maroc offre un journal quotidien sur l´actualité du Maroc, et aussi une série de services web : Création site Internet, Référencement Maroc : Agence de communication Maroc ...

              Al Jazeera: Qatar Airways может получить новые маршруты полетов в условиях блокады        
    ТАСС, 1 августа. /ТАСС/. Авиакомпания Qatar Airways может получить три новых маршрута для полетов гражданской авиации в нынешних чрезвычайных условиях. Об этом сообщил во вторник телеканал Al Jazeera.
              The Westin Doha: Security Officer        
    Competitive: The Westin Doha: DescriptionAt Westin, we are committed to empowering the well-being of our guests by providing a refreshing environment, thoughtful amenities, and revitalizing programming to help ensure that they leave feeling better than when they arrived. We recognize Qatar - Doha
              Marsa Malaz Kempinski - The Pearl, Doha: F&B Management Trainee         
    Expat Package : Marsa Malaz Kempinski - The Pearl, Doha: We are looking for a F&B Trainee as a support for our Food & Beverage Team. He/she should be a Hospitality Management student or recent graduate. Doha, Qatar
              Perceptions and Satisfaction of Pharmacy Staff towards the OrientationProgram at the Specialized Hospitals in Qatar A CrossSectional Study        
    Al Zaidan M, Al Siyabi K, Ibrahim MI, Saad A, Rustom F, Abukhadijah H
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