'..to get rid of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025..' - Britain bans gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040 (no replies)        
'..The Netherlands and Norway previously said they wanted to get rid of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025 and Germany and India announced similar plans ahead of 2030.'

- Chloe Farand, France will 'ban all petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040', July 6, 2017

'..Dirty air has been linked to cancer, asthma, stroke and heart disease, among other health issues. The problem is especially pronounced in big cities including London.'

'Britain will ban sales of new gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040 as part of a bid to clean up the country's air.

The decision to phase out the internal combustion engine heralds a new era of low-emission technologies with major implications for the auto industry, society and the environment.

"We can't carry on with diesel and petrol cars," U.K. environment secretary Michael Gove told the BBC on Wednesday. "There is no alternative to embracing new technology."

Gove said the government's air quality plan, which is set to be officially announced later on Wednesday, was needed because gasoline and diesel engines contribute to health problems, "accelerate climate change, do damage to the planet and the next generation."

Roughly 40,000 deaths in Britain each year are attributable to outdoor air pollution, according to a study published last year by the Royal College of Physicians. Dirty air has been linked to cancer, asthma, stroke and heart disease, among other health issues. The problem is especially pronounced in big cities including London.

The timeline for ending sales of internal combustion engines mirrors one proposed in early July by France. President Emmanuel Macron has given the auto industry the same deadline to make the switch to cleaner tech.

"We are quite rightly in a position of global leadership when it comes to shaping new technology," Gove said.

- Charles Riley, Britain bans gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040, July 26, 2017


'..to Ban Internal Combustion Engines by 2030'

'..committed to 100 percent clean energy by the year 2050.'

(Global) - '..a revolutionary shift to net zero emissions by 2080..'

'Thorium reactor: cleaner, safer and sustainable nuclear energy within sight'

(Fusion Power) - LPP Focus Fusion 1; '..FF-1 results are right now far ahead..'

'..to develop a series of electric and hybrid aircraft..'

The "CityTree" - 'Air pollution is one of the world's invisible killers.'

          'The WMO says that the "extreme and unusual" climate and weather trends have continued into 2017..' (no replies)        
'The WMO says that the "extreme and unusual" climate and weather trends have continued into 2017. At least three times this winter, the Arctic experienced the equivalent of a heatwave, as powerful Atlantic storms drove warm, moist air into the region.

Changes in the Arctic and the melting of sea-ice are also leading to a shift in atmospheric circulation patterns impacting other parts of the world. This is causing unusual heat in some areas - In the US, over 11,000 warm temperature records were broken in early 2017.

"Even without a strong El Niño in 2017, we are seeing other remarkable changes across the planet that are challenging the limits of our understanding of the climate system. We are now in truly uncharted territory," said David Carlson, World Climate Research Programme Director at the WMO.

In the face of all this information, climate researchers around the world are irked by the attitude of the Trump government in Washington.'

- Matt McGrath, 'Extreme and unusual' climate trends continue after record 2016, March 21, 2017


Update (February 11, 2017) - '..ethical standards..' ('.. Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post..')

'..Earth is warming more rapidly than previously thought was correct..'

          Update (February 11, 2017) - '..ethical standards..' ('.. Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post..') (no replies)        
Update February 11, 2017: 'In an interview on Monday with E&E News, Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post, and from the way his criticisms were portrayed in the Mail on Sunday article.

“The issue here is not an issue of tampering with data,” he said, “but rather really of timing of a release of a paper that had not properly disclosed everything it was.”

Climate Home, a nonprofit site based in London that offers news and analysis, also weighed in on one of the central contentions of Mr. Rose’s article, that the publication of the NOAA paper had "duped” policy makers into adopting the Paris accord. The site contacted representatives to the talks from 10 countries; none said that the paper had any influence.'

- Henry Fountain, No Data Manipulation in 2015 Climate Study, Researchers Say, February 7, 2016

Update February 09, 2017: 'Dr Bates’ main complaint is that Dr Karl and his co-authors did not follow strict procedures required for NOAA’s ‘operational’ data. It is not yet clear whether Dr Karl should have subjected his research data to the same procedures. Dr Karl, who retired from NOAA in August 2016, has not yet had the opportunity to respond fully to Dr Bates’ allegations.'

- LSE: More fake news in ‘The Mail on Sunday’, February 5, 2017 (Wikipedia Bans Daily Mail As 'Unreliable' Source, February 08, 2017))

'..a failure to observe proper ethical standards..'

'Dr John Bates’s disclosures about the manipulation of data behind the ‘Pausebuster’ paper is the biggest scientific scandal since ‘Climategate’ in 2009 when, as this paper reported, thousands of leaked emails revealed scientists were trying to block access to data, and using a ‘trick’ to conceal embarrassing flaws in their claims about global warming.

Both scandals suggest a lack of transparency and, according to Dr Bates, a failure to observe proper ethical standards.

Because of NOAA ’s failure to ‘archive’ data used in the paper, its results can never be verified.

Like Climategate, this scandal is likely to reverberate around the world, and reignite some of science’s most hotly contested debates.'

- Exposed: How world leaders were duped into investing billions over manipulated global warming data, February 4, 2017

'Whatever takes its place, said Dr Bates, ‘there needs to be a fundamental change to the way NOAA deals with data so that people can check and validate scientific results. I’m hoping that this will be a wake-up call to the climate science community – a signal that we have to put in place processes to make sure this kind of crap doesn’t happen again.


Dr Bates said: ‘How ironic it is that there is now this idea that Trump is going to trash climate data, when key decisions were earlier taken by someone whose responsibility it was to maintain its integrity – and failed.’ '

'Dr Bates retired from NOAA at the end of last year after a 40-year career in meteorology and climate science. As recently as 2014, the Obama administration awarded him a special gold medal for his work in setting new, supposedly binding standards ‘to produce and preserve climate data records’.


Less than two years earlier, a blockbuster report from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which drew on the work of hundreds of scientists around the world, had found ‘a much smaller increasing trend over the past 15 years 1998-2012 than over the past 30 to 60 years’. Explaining the pause became a key issue for climate science. It was seized on by global warming sceptics, because the level of CO2 in the atmosphere had continued to rise.


In the weeks after the Pausebuster paper was published, Dr Bates conducted a one-man investigation into this. His findings were extraordinary. Not only had Mr Karl and his colleagues failed to follow any of the formal procedures required to approve and archive their data, they had used a ‘highly experimental early run’ of a programme that tried to combine two previously separate sets of records.


Dr Bates revealed that the failure to archive and make available fully documented data not only violated NOAA rules, but also those set down by Science. Before he retired last year, he continued to raise the issue internally. Then came the final bombshell. Dr Bates said: ‘I learned that the computer used to process the software had suffered a complete failure.’

The reason for the failure is unknown, but it means the Pausebuster paper can never be replicated or verified by other scientists.


Whatever takes its place, said Dr Bates, ‘there needs to be a fundamental change to the way NOAA deals with data so that people can check and validate scientific results. I’m hoping that this will be a wake-up call to the climate science community – a signal that we have to put in place processes to make sure this kind of crap doesn’t happen again.

Dr Bates said: ‘How ironic it is that there is now this idea that Trump is going to trash climate data, when key decisions were earlier taken by someone whose responsibility it was to maintain its integrity – and failed.’

NOAA not only failed, but it effectively mounted a cover-up when challenged over its data. After the paper was published, the US House of Representatives Science Committee launched an inquiry into its Pausebuster claims. NOAA refused to comply with subpoenas demanding internal emails from the committee chairman, the Texas Republican Lamar Smith, and falsely claimed that no one had raised concerns about the paper internally.'

- Exposed: How world leaders were duped into investing billions over manipulated global warming data, February 4, 2017

Context '..conduct more meetings on ethics .. Respectful discussion of different points of view should be encouraged.' - John Bates

Climategate: Follow the Money - By Bret Stephens

Those Who Control the Past Control the Future, Climate Data Edition, February 5, 2017

'..Earth is warming more rapidly than previously thought was correct..'

'Trees are the best known ‘technology’ to cool our planet'

Focus Fusion - '..So, production reactors by 2020 or so.'

(Earth Defence - Earth Shield) - Faraday - Tesla - 'The Accelerating Winds of Venus.' (Electric Universe - Solar Climate Change)

(The Electric Universe - Earth Defence - Earth Shield) - Electric Fossils and Thundercrabs

(The Electric Universe) - '..weather systems .. an electric “wind” surrounds and often precedes an electric arc.'

(Thymology - Haptopraxeology) - '..entrepreneurship .. actions he will carry out and estimates the future effect of those actions..'

'...The peer review process is broken...' - '...don't have the "situational awareness"...'

On the Mail on Sunday article on Karl et al., 2015, February 5, 2017

          (The Electric Universe) - SAFIRE as Astrophysical Laboratory | EU2016 (no replies)        
'You are only suprised when you have the wrong model.' (minute 9:38)

- Michael Clarage, SAFIRE as Astrophysical Laboratory | EU2016)


Dr. Hannes Tager, who has done significant historical research into the origins and the evolution of the electrical concepts of comets, going back hundreds of years, December 20, 2016

(Electric Universe) - '..the SAFIRE Project has moved into Phase 2..'

(LENR) - It's Not Cold Fusion... But It's Something

(Fusion Power) - LPP Focus Fusion 1; '..FF-1 results are right now far ahead..'

'Thorium reactor: cleaner, safer and sustainable nuclear energy within sight'

'..the first-ever 2000 horsepower (HP) electric class 8 semi-truck, called the Nikola One..'

(Project C - MDE, The Electric Universe, Fusion Power) - Montgomery Childs: SAFIRE Project Update | EU2015

(Electric Universe) - '..a Birkeland current may be responsible for the planetary spacings described by the Titius-Bode Law..'

          Wandoo Planet        

It took me quite a while to get through my backlog of podcasts, so I just listened to a great episode from Chris Bugaj of the A.T.Tipscast.  Episode 132 featured an interview with a former educator spreading the word about Wandoo Planet.  Wandoo Planet is a recommendation engine for children, think Pandora or Netflix.  Basically, kids pick some of their favorite interests, via a fun game, and the website suggests books and/or movies for them to check out.  The goal is to help students find books in their interest and get them reading more, which as we all know, is one of the best ways to increase students ability to read!

I took a few minutes and tried it out myself, and have to say it's fun.  The game is a great way to get children thinking about their interests.  Some students may need to have the interests read to them, and a suggestion to make it more accessible might be to include pictures or text to speech for the interests.  It looks like a fun way to engage students and get them reading!

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          Kemajuan Iptek Banyak Ungkap Kebenaran Al Qur'an        

Ilmuwan Mesir, Prof Dr Zagloul Mohamed El-Naggar,mengatakan, semakin maju ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi (Iptek), semakinterungkap pula keajaiban kitab suci Al Quran. "Al Quran bukan buku ilmu pengetahuan,tetapi ayat-ayat mengenai alam semesta (kauniyah) kini terbukti dalampenemuan-penemuan ilmiah di abad modern ini," kata Prof Naggardalam ceramahnya di Aula Harun Nasution, Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) SyarifHidayatullah, Jakarta, pada Kamis 30/9/2010 silam.
Pakar ilmu bumi (geologi) tersebut mengupas beragampenemuan ilmiah mengenai alam semesta yang mengamini hakikat kebenaran AlQuran. Sebagai contoh, Ayat-6 Surat Al Thur, "Al Bahrul Masjur" (Demilaut yang—di dalam tanah bawah laut itu—ada api). Terbukti secara ilmiah olehpara ahli geologi dan ilmu kelautan bahwa dasar semua samudra dipanasi olehjutaan ton magma yang keluar dari perut bumi. Menurut peraih doktor geologi jebolan UniversitasWales, Inggris, pada tahun 1963 itu, magma tersebut keluar melalui jaringanrengkahan raksasa yang secara total merobek lapisan litosfir dan sampai kelapisan astenosfir. "Para ilmuwan yang jujur akan kagum melihatkepeloporan Al Quran dan hadis-hadis Nabi terkait petunjuk tentangfakta-fakta ilmiah bumi, yang baru dapat dibuktikan pada akhir abad ke-20seiring dengan kemajuan iptek," kata ilmuwan yang telah menghafal semua 30juz Al Quran saat berusia sepuluh tahun itu.
Fakta ilmiah lain, katanya, yaitu Ayat 15 dan 16 SuratAt Takwir: "Fala Uqsimu bil khunnas. Al Jawaril Kunnas" (Akubersumpah dengan bintang-bintang yang tak tampak. Yang bergerak sangat cepat).
Prof Naggar menjelaskan, para ulama dahulu menafsirkan ayat tersebut secarametaforis, namun para ahli astronomi pada akhir abad ke-20 menemukan faktailmiah, yaitu apa yang disebut black hole (lubang hitam).
Black hole adalah planet yang ditandaidengan densitas yang tinggi dan gravitasi yang kuat, tempat zat dan semuabentuk energi, termasuk cahaya, tidak mungkin lepas dari perangkapnya, katanya.Disebut lubang hitam karena ia sangat gelap tak terlihat, dengan kecepatangeraknya diperkirakan mencapai 300.000 km per detik. Black hole dianggap sebagai fase tua kehidupanbintang, yang didahului ledakan dan zatnya kembali menjadi nebula. "Faktaini baru terungkap pada akhir abad ke-20, yakni 14 abad setelah wafatnya NabiMuhammad SAW," kata Prof Naggar.
          Science Olympiad Captures 2nd Place at Regional Competition        
Kellenberg’s premier STEM Club, Science Olympiad, took home a second-place team victory on Staurday, February 4, 2017, at the Nassau West Regional Science Olympiad Competition. Three teams represented Kellenberg in the day-long competition. Students competed in 25 different events from anatomy, game design, dynamic planet, tower building, and more exposed these students to challenging science […]
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blog entry 35
blog entry 76
          The biggest Earth Holes        
Sometimes our planet Earth scares us with something realy unusual and shoking. This is something you probably did not know about the Earth. These giant holes in the earth’s crust, created by nature or by human hands. Monticello Dam was constructed between 1953 and 1957. The dam is a medium concrete-arch dam with a structural […]
          Planet Girl invade o camarote Expresso 2222        
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Xanddy, vocalista do Harmonia do Samba
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Maria Maya, filha do diretor global Wolf Maia
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Zabelê, da banda SNZ
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Dançarinas do Leva Noiz
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Banda Leva Noiz
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Gilberto Gil
Nilzete Santana Fotografias
Gabrielly, sobrinha de Carla Perez

          Cravo e Canela | Scheila Carvalho        

Desde 1985 no mercado, a Cravo & Canela Confeitaria é uma empresa familiar que tem como compromisso fazer com que seus clientes estejam sempre satisfeitos, dando-lhes atendimento personalizado.
Composta por uma equipe especializada em confeitaria,comandada pela cake design Nadjane Andrade Azevedo,que durante quatro anos exerceu o cargo de presidente da Associação dos Profissionais de Culinária da Bahia.
Participante de Congressos e Cursos Nacionais e Internacionais na área da confeitaria fina, instrutora de arte culinária desde 1988, realizando trabalhos junto a empresas
nacionais e multinacionais por todo o estado da Bahia.

A Confeitaria Cravo e Canela foram os responsáveis pelos doces personalizados que embelezaram o chá de fraldas da apresentadora Scheila Carvalho, no último dia 05 de Maio no Buffet Planeta Aventura, em Salvador

          Resistance at Standing Rock: Dispatches from the Front Lines        


  • Water Protector Legal Collective Files Suit for Excessive Force against Peaceful Protesters

  • Veterans to Serve as ‘Human Shields’ for Dakota Pipeline Protesters

  • Oceti Sakowin encampment on Oct. 6, 2016. The proper name for the people commonly known as the Sioux is Oceti Sakowin, (Och-et-eeshak-oh-win) meaning Seven Council Fires.

    Story and Photos by John Briggs

    Cool Justice Editor's Note: OK to repost, courtesy of John Briggs and The Cool Justice Report.

    Corporate – Government Alliance Versus the American People

    Native Americans from tribes across the country have gathered on the windswept plains of North Dakota to pray with Mother Earth to keep the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) from pumping 500,000 gallons of oil a day beneath the Missouri River. The natives know the pipeline will most certainly leak or break, as have most U.S. pipelines, fouling the water for the Great Sioux Nation and 18 million non-Natives downstream.

    The standoff -- which began in April -- continues as a new U.S. administration ascends to power with a president-elect who campaigned denying human-caused climate change and threatening the Paris Climate accords. This remains the overriding reality despite a mini walk back by Donald Trump pledging an open mind to The New York Times this week.

    Standing Rock illuminates the brazen alliance that has developed between corporate and government interests. Viewed from the front lines, the law has been turned into a fig leaf for repression and suppression. Only the discipline and spiritual clarity of the water protectors and the native elders has kept people from being killed or seriously injured since April when the movement began.

    The fused police-DAPL force is doing everything it can to incite a violent reaction from the resisters so as to crack down, clear the camps, imprison, or even gun down the natives. More than one commentator has found the atmosphere at Standing Rock similar to what led to the Wounded Knee massacre in 1890 when 300 Sioux were murdered by government troops who mistook their prayerful Ghost Dance for a war dance.

    A great deal is at issue at Standing Rock. The Sioux and their numerous native and non-native allies face a militarized force whose composition tells us something dark about the complex façade that U.S. democracy has become and suggests the proto-fascist zombi lurking beneath. More deeply, Standing Rock also emblemizes a struggle that is taking place at this moment in human history between two distinct modes of human consciousness.

    One mode is the familiar anthropocentric (human-centered) consciousness that the dominant culture most of us were born into favors—a consciousness that assumes reality is a collection of objects to be extracted, owned, and branded. Humans are the focus of this consciousness, meaning that our concerns about climate change focus primarily on the fate of our own species.

    Distinct from this anthropocentric mind-set is a second, ancient and spiritual mode of awareness that understands that the earth and its landscapes are not objects; they are relationships, including the tangle of relationships that gave us birth. This ancient mode of consciousness is potential in everyone, but for most it has been buried beneath the piles of conceptual objects that we have come to believe constitute our reality.

    The Indigenous Peoples gathered at Standing Rock are guided by this ancient, holistic, earth-mind consciousness, and so they understand that humans are not the most valuable living objects on the planet: we are not in control of the planet; it is not our job to manage nature; rather, our sacred task is to work with Mother Earth and other beings as members of Earth’s family. If we don’t, Mother Earth will make us face this spiritual truth one way or another.

    Guided by their ancient, earth-mind awareness, Native Americans have taken up a role as “water protectors.” “Mni Wiconi, Water is Life” is the slogan of the Standing Rock movement.

    Every day scores of Sioux from North Dakota, South Dakota and nearby states, along with Paiute, Shoshoni, Diné, and a sampling of other Natives from the 300 or so tribes whose flags fly at the Standing Rock encampments set out to pipeline construction sites in a convoy to engage in “actions” on the “front lines.”

    There the protectors sing and pray in the face of physical harassment and arrests by heavily armed police fused with a corporate security force.

    DAPL and their overlord company, Energy Transfer Partners, have lavished campaign contributions on politicians in North Dakota and the U.S. Congress so that they could use the state’s eminent domain powers to force purchase of land for the pipeline all across North Dakota, beginning in the Bakken fields in the northwest corner of the state where the fracked crude oil is extracted. Similar eminent domain arrangements were achieved in other states through which the 1,200-mile line traverses before reaching a river port in Illinois. The company promised Congress and the public that the pipeline would carry oil for 100 percent domestic use only, but it is clear from reporting done by the website The Intercept that the oil will be sold on international markets.

  • Though Promised for Domestic Use, Dakota Access Pipeline May Fuel Oil Exports

  • The DAPL line, now virtually complete except for permission from the Army Corps of Engineers to fill in the link that crosses under the Missouri River, passes just north of the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation and Cannon Ball, North Dakota. The DAPL construction runs through sacred burial and archeological grounds that the Lakota people were given free access to by treaties with the U.S. Government in the 19th Century. In mounting their resistance to the pipeline, the Standing Rock Sioux have been turned into “trespassers on their own land.”

    In late August, the tribe’s lawyers filed a stop work petition in federal court detailing areas where sacred sites would be disturbed if construction continued on its planned trajectory. The federal judge routinely forwarded a copy of the filing to DAPL. Over Labor Day weekend, when the company would not have been expected to work, pipeline crews leapfrogged to the disputed sacred and preemptively bulldozed them under. Too late, the judge granted the Sioux an emergency restraining order, but, then in a curious move, allowed construction in some areas where sacred sites have been discovered. DAPL has ignored a request from the Obama administration not to work in buffer areas on either side of the river. No fines have been imposed for intentionally bulldozing the disputed sacred sites.

  • The Legal Case for Blocking the Dakota Access Pipeline

  • Burial ground at center of police confrontations is known historical site

  • In recent live-stream videos from the front lines, DAPL-police snipers can be seen perched on top of a sacred mound called Turtle Island, their high-powered rifle crosshairs trained on the water protectors who are standing in prayer in the frigid lake below.

    North Dakota wants the federal government to pick up the tab for the massive expenditures required to keep the Native Americans under their guns. Alternatively, the CEO of Energy Transfers, Kelcy Warren, has offered to pick up the millions-of-dollars tab.

  • ETP CEO Kelcy Warren Says They Have Offered to Pay Protest Related Expenses

  • Native media have documented that DAPL has already been supplying military-style equipment, drones, armored vehicles, riot gear, water canons, concussion grenades and other armaments. The tax-payer-funded and corporate-sponsored front lines phalanx is led by the Morton County Sheriff’s Department, which has local jurisdiction, reinforced by North Dakota State Troopers, North Dakota National Guard units, sheriffs and police from six nearby states—all interpenetrated by DAPL security (while the FBI lurks in the background). A contingent of Hennepin County, Minnesota, Sheriffs’ Deputies were recalled following protests back home. Residents in the state of Ohio are writing letters and calling legislators to express their distress that their law enforcement has been enlisted into this repressive force.

  • Hennepin Co. sheriff's deputies leave Standing Rock protest

  • Native media’s live stream videos show DAPL security teams in mirror-visor helmets and black ops body armor with no identification, mingling with the police, sometimes directing them when and who to mace or pepper spray. They point out media making video for arrest. The big fossil fuel company evidently has plenty of experience dealing with protestors around the world. In their blank, reflecting visors we can see the soulless Darth Vader face of the government-corporate proto-fascist state the U.S. is becoming.

    Of course, this struggle with the Wasi’chu (Lakota word for the white man, meaning literally “takes too much”) is an old story for Native-Americans. In the 18th and 19th centuries it took the form of the Sioux nations trying to hold back the tsunami of colonizers flooding into their ancestral lands, occupying and despoiling them. The big difference now is that the fire-power of the state (think Custer’s 7th Cavalry or present day militarized police) has been fused with vast profit centers dependent for their existence on plundering the earth in the name of energy-squandering lifestyle survival.

    The provocations the water protectors endure take many forms. There is the psychological pressure of constant surveillance: the heavy police presence on the roads around tribal and reservation lands, the DPLA helicopter and a small plane that circle constantly above the encampments; there is the Bureau of Indian Affairs station set up on a knoll to suck out data from the cell phones of anyone in the area. There is the pepper spraying and tasing of water protectors who are praying. There is the more recent blasting of the protectors with freezing water canons in sub zero weather. There is the constant threat of weapons pointed at them. One twitching trigger finger could set off a slaughter.

    The water protectors are unarmed. The resistance movement does not allow guns in the encampments. One day, at one of the front line actions, an armed man showed up with a pistol and began firing. Possibly he was paid by DAPL to create an incident. The Natives are aware of paid provocateurs or agitators passing through the camps, pulling dirty tricks, looking to start something. Antimedia reported about the man with the gun: “According to an official statement from the tribe, the man fired several shots from his gun before being peacefully apprehended by tribal police. Witnesses at the scene say he pointed his gun at several protesters. The man was clearly trying to provoke violence that could later be used to demonize protesters who have so far remained peaceful.”

    The news site added, “The Morton County Sheriff’s Department circulated a false report claiming the man was shot, presumably by protesters… [As images show], the man was not harmed. The Sheriff’s Department has since retracted that report. Anti-Media’s attempts to obtain clarifying comments from Morton County Sheriffs were ignored.”

  • Dakota Access Caught Infiltrating Protests to Incite Violence, Funding Trolls Online

  • On a hill overlooking Oceti Sakowin, the largest of the Standing Rock encampments, an old army tent houses the field office of the rotating teams of lawyers who come to Standing Rock to help out. They use donations made to the resistance to bail out protectors who have been arrested; they try to negotiate with the police so the protectors can be allowed to pray. The constant arrests on trumped-up charges are an ongoing harassment—people maced or beaten, violently thrown to the ground and zip-tied. Often activists are charged with trespass and “riot” on the Morton County Sheriff’s novel legal theory that if several people are arrested for trespass that must signify that they were engaged in a riot.

    All this naturally requires court time and money to defend, incarceration in usually unpleasant conditions, including dog kennels. (Though the white allies who are arrested seem to get better treatment.)

    Arrests are to be expected as a consequence of civil disobedience. But some arrests are directed at chilling speech. One lawyer who came to Standing Rock from the Oregon-based Civil Liberties Defense Center, an activist defense nonprofit primarily involved in climate protests, https://cldc.org/ told Jordan Chariton of The Young Turks Network that often after the day’s action was over, police would stop the last cars in the caravan. They would then make “snatch and grab” arrests, impounding the cars of people who had come to support the water protectors but had no expectation that they’d be arrested when the action was over and the police told them to leave. They have to pay heavy fines ($900) to get their cars back. She said the arrests and impoundment fines for their cars are unlawful. “The intention with those types of actions is to scare out-of-towners from being comfortable coming to these actions. So they’re trying to chill the rights of others to come and participate in these protests.”

  • Environmental Lawyer Explains Standing Rock Legal Issues

  • The authorities regularly characterize the natives as terrorists, and local radio spreads false rumors of farm animals being slaughtered and stolen, reported vandalism—the kind of thing you would expect from psychologically projected homesteader fears about savage Indians of earlier centuries.

    Yes, Magazine on Oct. 31 reported: “The county sheriff is claiming the water protectors were violent and that police were stopping a riot. But hours of live video feed from people caught in the confrontation showed instead a military-style assault on unarmed people: police beating people with batons, police with assault rifles, chemical mace, guns firing rubber bullets and beanbag rounds, tasers.”

  • Why Police From 7 Different States Invaded a Standing Rock Camp—and Other Questions

  • The UN has sent human rights observers. According to Salon, Nov. 16, 2016: “The U.N. special rapporteur said that American law enforcement officials, private security firms and the North Dakota National Guard have used unjustified force against protesters.

    “ ‘This is a troubling response to people who are taking action to protect natural resources and ancestral territory in the face of profit-seeking activity,’ [Maina] Kiai [U.N. special rapporteur] said in his statement, which was issued by the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights and was endorsed by several other U.N. experts.

  • Native Americans facing excessive force in North Dakota pipeline protests – UN expert

  • “At least 400 activists have been detained and often have been held in ‘inhuman and degrading conditions in detention,’ Kiai added. Some indigenous protesters have said they were treated like animals and even held in dog kennels.

  • Dakota pipeline protesters say they were detained in dog kennels; 268 arrested in week of police crackdown

  • “ ‘Marking people with numbers and detaining them in overcrowded cages, on the bare concrete floor, without being provided with medical care, amounts to inhuman and degrading treatment,’ the U.N. expert said.

    “ ‘The excessive use of State security apparatus to suppress protest against corporate activities that are alleged to violate human rights is wrong,’ he continued, noting that it violates U.N. guidelines on business and human rights.

    “Amnesty International USA, which has repeatedly criticized authorities for not respecting the rights of protesters, issued another statement on Tuesday noting that U.S. authorities had put up roadblocks to prevent journalists and human rights observers from documenting the protests and the official response.”

  • U.N. experts call for halt in Dakota Access pipeline, blast “excessive force” against protesters

  • Living on Earth reporter Sandy Tolan reflected: “You know, at times I felt I was back reporting in the West Bank, and not the Northern Plains…”

  • Standing With the Standing Rock Sioux

  • The Bundy crew was the cowboys, not the Indians

    Compare the government response at Standing Rock with the response occasioned by Ammon Bundy and his gang of armed militants when they occupied Oregon’s Malheur National Wildlife Refuge for over a month in January 2016. Imagine if the Bundy gang had been pepper sprayed, beaten, hit with water cannon, tased. But the Bundy crew were taking over the refuge to proclaim their belief that public lands should be given free to the profit-making private ranching business. In other words, the Bundy crew was the cowboys, not the Indians.

    The mainstream corporate media has largely ignored the stand-off at Standing Rock. Rallies have taken place around the world at places like Tokyo, Stockholm, and Auckland, but the sad truth is many foreigners have heard more about Standing Rock than Americans have. Not surprising. The news editors, working for corporate media conglomerates, choose what they believe we should know and what fits the larger corporate agenda, and so they devote massively more play to Brad Pitt, to the gossipy politics of who’s-on-first, and to whatever the latest glittering consumer thing is than they do to climate change and issues highlighted by the poor and the powerless, like Standing Rock. What coverage that does exist is usually cursory and misleading.

    Fortunately, alternative media have been on the scene and active at Standing Rock. As someone who taught journalism for more nearly 20 years, it has been refreshing for me to see what the alternative press is accomplishing.

    Amy Goodman of the webcast Democracy Now brought the prayer-resistance movement to national attention over the summer. She was arrested and charged with riot in absentia for her live reports of water protectors being set upon by dogs. The charge was later dismissed in court.

    Jordan Chariton of The Young Turks Network has done searching interviews and incisive commentary from the scene.

    But my absolute favorite news source at Standing Rock is Myron Dewey’s Digital Smoke Signals. Dewey does updates every day, which he posts on Facebook. I highly recommend anyone who has a Facebook account to “follow” him. I went to Standing Rock on Oct. 4-11 with two friends and I have since been able to keep up with developments on the ground through Dewey’s Facebook broadcasts. He posts live stream unedited clips that constitute what he calls an ongoing “documentation” of what is happening day-to-day at the movement.

    Here is Dewey at night standing on a hillside next to the Oceti Sakowin encampment. His face appears in the glow of his screen. Then he’s panning and zooming in on a large grassfire as he’s telling us about it. His finger appears in the screen and points out where the fire started. He says the helicopter which constantly circulates over the camp suddenly disappeared 20 minutes before they saw the first flames. He zooms to the area where he and the person he is with first spotted the fire. He says, “It looked like someone using a drip torch.” He says they called 911, but it’s been over an hour and the Morton County Fire Department hasn’t shown up. He tells the people in the camp, his audience, not to worry, though. It looks like the fire was started by DAPL employees to scare them or hurt them. But the Oceti Sakowin is full of Indians who supplement their income by wild-land firefighting, work that also benefits Mother Earth; he mentions that he is himself a “hotshot” firefighter [one of the elite crews]. He and his fellow firefighters can tell by the wind direction that the fire won’t harm the camp.

    Now here’s Dewey on a bright morning walking along the road by Oceti Sakowin. A young man appears on screen, and Dewey asks him who he is and why he’s here. He’s from the Paiute nation. “I’m here to protect the water,” he says. Dewey asks him to sing a Paiute song. The young man closes his eyes and sings.

    In another nighttime broadcast find we ourselves looking through a car windshield, headlights illuminating the highway, centerlines whizzing by. We hear voices talking in the backseat. The car drives on and on. We’re just watching the road. Then ahead is a police roadblock. The police van looms. Dewey gets out with his camera and calls over to the officers, asks them where they’re from, inquires about where the road blocks are, what are the open routes. At one level it’s a mundane exchange between a citizen and police, but you experience the edginess of the situation. More deeply, you feel the riskiness and pathos that is involved any human interaction. Dewey firmly exercises his right to have these protect-and-serve police respond to him civilly; he is cordial and respectful in a way that reinforces to them and to his viewers that he is after all not their enemy but a fellow human being. Dewey asks more questions and the lead officer says he doesn’t want to be filmed; Dewey offers to turn his camera away from them and onto himself. The distant officers disappear from the screen and Dewey’s face fills it. The contact officer walks nearer; we can hear his voice. Dewey can’t resist a joke, though. He asks the officer if he’s sure he doesn’t want to become famous by putting his face on Dewey’s screen? You realize these are just guys doing their job. Dewey understands that, but he also wants to educate them about the water protectors’ mission. He never misses an opportunity to educate his adversary, as well as his own people about the larger dimensions of the Standing Rock resistance. When he gets back in the car, someone in the back seat says “Let’s get out of here; this is enemy territory.” Dewey laughs, turning the car around, “It’s not enemy territory.”

    I believe you learn more about Standing Rock by watching Dewey’s unedited video than you ever could from watching any number of dramatically produced, commercially constricted reports on CNN, complete with the drumb-drumb latest crisis theme music.

    Dewey explains to his viewers that what they’re seeing is a “documentation” that’s not edited. “It’s not scripted. It’s not acted out.”

    After a month of watching Dewey’s daily reports I realize more fully than I ever have before how ghastly and vacuous mainstream news reporting is: a production where facts have been emptied of the humanity of real encounters, replaced by the shallow performances of reporters and news sources, slick, clichéd phrasing, behavior slotted into ready made categories, events analyzed and even predigested. The news about reality comes to us compartmentalized in trays like tasteless microwave dinners. Rarely is the reader or viewer allowed to simply experience the event unfolding through the reporter’s eyes or camera. The stories are crafted and slickly packaged. Their very polish and stimulating presentation sabotages their meaning and replaces it with a meaningless, artificial understanding.

    Note that I am not saying that the news these days is politically biased. Some obviously is, but the left or right bias charge is a serious red herring, a mis-direction. In fact, in mainstream media’s very effort to appear neutral and unbiased means events are chopped up and pieced together to fit the templates of a few hackneyed forms of storytelling: the winner-loser story, the conflict story, the individual overcoming obstacles story, the facing bad choices stories, he-said, she-said stories, scandal stories, hypocrisy stories. You’ve seen them all, repeatedly.

    Most of these templates come plated with a cynicism, skepticism, superiority, or sentimentality that grabs our attention by adding a dash of disgust. The current journalistic manner of telling stories reduces and dismisses the story in a way that sometimes makes the commercials and pop-up ads come as a relief. None of the common journalistic templates or attitude has much to do with real life as it’s lived in the moment. It’s not what people really experience in their lives. Instead, it’s how they’ve been conditioned to wrap up experience afterward in a dramatized way that leaches out the nuance, that leaves out the moment-to-moment uncertainty, or as the Lakota call it, the Wakan, the deep mystery of relationships that permeates every event. And that’s what Dewey’s broadcasts have in abundance. You get to see him interacting with the people who show up on his screen. You get to feel his humanity and the mystery of everyday relationships taking place at Standing Rock that he brings to light. It’s certainly not dramatic or melodramatic. It’s not interesting or stimulating in the usual way. It does seem really important.

    So when Dewey sits in his parked car and does an update video on “10 things to know about DAPL” (Nov. 18, 2016), there’s no editing and no script, meaning that you get to see him thinking through what those top 10 things might be. Some points he makes are incisive and comic, others not so much. But the not-so-much ones can lead you to thinking about gray areas, the imprecise observations we all make. He asks a guy who just got in the car to help out with his list and the guy, William Hawk Birdshead, goes immediately serious on him until Dewey says, “I was trying to keep it light.” So the Birdshead says, “Laughter is good medicine.” Suddenly they’re off. Dewey mimics the shifty-eyed look of the FBI guys lurking around the area and denying they are FBI, the DAPL security characters trying to look all steely and tough. We learn that in the encampments they say that “DAPL dresses up like Ninja Turtles.” You can tell that it’s DAPL undercover because those guys never drive rez cars, which are rusted and dented. Nobody is spared. Dewey describes the water protectors just arriving from California as dudes who’ve “got their animal spirits on… They’re all furred up. They’re coming in all mystical and crystals.” He and his buddy laugh, which Dewey says is laughter “in a good way,” because the whole thing going on at Standing Rock is deadly serious but you need laughter, because that’s good medicine for healing. And healing and praying are about “getting reconnected with the Earth.”

    This points to a major difference between anthropocentric prayer as most of us know it and earth-mind prayer. In the prayer that most people are familiar with, an individual seeks intercession for human needs with a transcendent being. The Native prayer is about healing not getting. The prayer is a community ceremony or song or ritual to maintain or restore the balance between and among beings, both animate and inanimate. Prayer is to all my relatives, all my relations, the birds, the water, the wind, the buffalo, my family, even those who oppose me as enemies. Mitakuye Oyasin is an important Lakota phrase that means “all my relations.” When you’re watching a Dewey update from Standing Rock you’re experiencing Mitakuye Oyasin in action. It’s newscasting as a kind of prayer, in the earth-mind sense. Whether he’s engaging in laughter or educating about the spiritual importance of water, you can see that what he’s getting at is healing relationships. Watching and listening, you get to be part of that healing.

    What Dewey does goes way beyond advocacy journalism.

    Our traveling companion for our visit to Standing Rock, Lakota elder Tiokasin Ghosthorse, also provides a good way to keep up with developments through the interviews he conducts for his weekly syndicated broadcast from WPKN in Bridgeport Conn. and WBAI in New York City. On Oct. 31, 2016, Tiokasin interviewed a young man who was seized on Oct. 27 when a frontline camp was destroyed by police. Trenton Joseph Castillas Bakeberg, in the bloodline of Crazy Horse, was praying in a sweat lodge when the militarized police swept through the camp. They yanked him out of the sweat lodge and arrested him. The young water protector told Tiokasin:

    “I pray that we’ll be able to keep a state of prayer and peace, as we have been… Although there’s some people on our side are more likely to tend toward violence. But there’s also people on our side to stop them. Don’t start a fight. That’s what it’s all about, keeping it peaceful because the elders told us in the beginning that all it takes is one single act of violence, one person attacking a police officer and they’ll unleash the fear on all of us. This wrath that we have with our military overseas, we’re beginning to see it now in the heart of our own country. All for the greed and the corporate interests of this government. They say we’re a democracy but it’s not showing anymore. The people didn’t want this pipeline, but this foreign entity that they call a corporation, Energy Transfers, is saying, we don’t care. We want this money. We need this for economic stability of the country and that somehow trumps the interests of our communities and our nation as a whole….We’re standing up to this corporate machine with prayer and love.”

  • Forcibly removed from prayer at Standing Rock

  • Against a heavily armed, corporatized democracy designed to ensure that only powerful business and political elites rule the land and possess the wealth of its objects, the Native-American people at Standing Rock stand in defense of Mother Earth armed with songs, prayers, and an understanding that Earth’s objects are us, and we are them. They are our relatives. It seems better armament than most of us Wasi’shu possess. Webster defines fascism as “a political system headed by a dictator in which the government controls business and labor and opposition is not permitted.” It’s an incendiary word, and readers might think ill of me for introducing it here. Certainly we are not a fascist state yet. But for the prayer-resistance at Standing Rock, the clear alliance between corporate and government interests to quell their opposition under color of the law has a fascist flavor.

    It should not surprise anyone that the new US president reportedly holds stocks that directly fund the Dakota Access Pipeline and that the DAPL CEO Kelcy Warren gave the Trump campaign a substantial donation.

  • Trump's Personal Investments Ride on Completion of Dakota Access Pipeline

  • This is how the proto-fascism works. Ironically (or perhaps absurdly), Trump may have been elected by people hoping he would somehow counter the tightening grip of multinational corporations on their lives. One might wish for that to happen.

    At a deep level, Standing Rock may suggest that such absurdities as a Trump presidency occur because our mode of consciousness is impaired or inadequate to the situation it has created on our planet at this historical time. Too many of us have gone dead to the natural world we come from. Our obsessive anthropocentric mode of consciousness has reduced nature and reality at large to a bunch of things we have names for—things that feed our greed. Fortunately, many Indigenous people have retained an acute and ancient consciousness that we are those rocks and trees and clouds, and birds and water that we see outside our windows, and that restoring our relationships with them is incumbent on us.

    John Briggs is emeritus distinguished Professor of Writing and Aesthetics from Western Connecticut State University. He was the English Department’s journalism coordinator for 18 years and was one of the founders of Western’s Department of Writing, Linguistics, and Creative Process. He is the author of several well-known books on chaos theory, fractals and creativity. He lives in the hilltown of Granville, Mass., where served as a Selectman for five years and as reserve police officer for 10 years.

    When people at Standing Rock talk about the black snake they mean the pipeline, referring to an old Sioux legend about a black snake that will threaten the end of the world. The Lakota prophet Black Elk said that in the seventh generation, the Sioux tribes would unite to save the world.

    Media covering the Standing Rock resistance movement:

  • Digital Smoke Signals

  • Myron Dewey, Facebook

  • The Antimedia

  • Democracy Now

  • The Intercept

  • The Guardian

  • Censored News

  • Unicorn Riot

  • Living on Earth

  • The Indigenous Environmental Network

  • Status of Standing Rock court claim

  •           Burn After Reading        

    Who’s Who
    What’s What

    In the World of CIA Fronts, Partners, Proprietaries & Contractors


    The Almost Classified Guide to CIA Front Companies, Proprietaries & Contractors
    ISBN: 978-1-365-11196-9

    Cool Justice Editor's Note: Following are excerpts from author Madsen's introduction and the body of the work. Additional suggested reading: News story about Madsen's book via the Washington, D.C. based Justice Integrity Project [link at the bottom of this post].


    From the Introduction

    One of the most pervasive uses of companies as intelligence partners was under the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD. During the Cold War, the CIA, often with the approval of corporate executives, infiltrated their agents to work as journalists in newspapers, radio and television networks, wire services, and magazines. The following pages in this book are rife with examples of this penetration of the Fourth Estate – all too many in the opinion of this journalist. The CIA admitted to at least 400 journalists on the agency’s payroll at the height of MOCKINGBIRD. The CIA traditionally understates its capabilities, especially when its covert activities become publicly known. Moreover, the end of the Cold War did not stop the practice of the CIA in infiltrating the media and slant news reports to its wishes.


    An insightful look behind the veils of secrecy into the CIA’s use of fronts, proprietaries, and partners calls into question the purpose of the CIA. Created by President Harry S Truman to serve as a central collector and repository of intelligence, the CIA became much more than that. A few weeks after the United States witnessed the assassination of President Kennedy in the middle of downtown Dallas, Truman penned an op-ed piece that appeared in several newspapers around the country. In it, Truman shared his regret for having created the CIA in 1947:

    “I think it has become necessary to take another look at the purpose and operations of our Central Intelligence Agency—CIA . . . For some time I have been disturbed by the way CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the Government. This has led to trouble and may have compounded our difficulties in several explosive areas.

    "I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment I think we have experienced are in part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role that it is being interpreted as a symbol of sinister and mysterious foreign intrigue.”


    The 21st century’s CIA’s partners are more likely to be found among high-tech companies marketing the latest and greatest mobile applications and data mining programs than among banks, law offices, and advertising agencies. However, in the post-World War II era, the CIA’s top and middle echelons were normally found operating through cover as typewriter-pecking journalists, traveling Madison Avenue admen, corporate lawyers, and chain-smoking oilmen. In the 1970s and 80s, CIA contractors and partners began showing up in the high-tech field, with database, local area networking, and on-line information retrieval systems attracting the most interest by Langley.


    As this book went to press, the smart phone game application Pokémon Go fad was sweeping the planet. Unbeknownst to many of the on-line game’s avid fan’s was the connection of the game’s developers to the CIA’s venture capital firm IN-Q-TEL. All users saw their geo-location and other smart phone data being swept up by a CIA partner firm.


    Amazon, Inc. [CIA contractor]. Company provides cloud computing services for the CIA. Amazon’s CEO Jeff Bezos also owns The Washington Post.

    American Historical Society. [CIA partner]. Many society officials were OSS/CIA officers.

    American Press Institute. [CIA front]. Operating out of Columbia University, the institute’s director in the 1950s was a CIA officer.

    AmeriCares. [CIA partner]. A non-profit organization that is often the “first in” at refugee situations. Founded by tycoon J. Peter Grace, a board chairman of the CIA front, the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD) and a trustee of another CIA front, the American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism, AmeriCares was involved in funding the Nicaraguan contras. The group has also provided the CIA with recruiting opportunities at mass refugee sites, particularly in Latin America and Asia.

    Bechtel Corporation. [CIA contractor]. Bechtel is a large construction company that has included former CIA director Richard Helms, CIA pseudonym “Fletcher M. Knight,” among its executive ranks. Bechtel was active in providing corporate cover for the OSS in the Middle East during World War II. Bechtel has been a consummate service company for various CIA operations, including support for the CIA-inspired coup against the Syrian government in 1949, the Iranian government of Prime Minister Mohamed Mossadeq in 1953, and President Sukarno of Indonesia in 1965. From the 1960s to the 1970s, Bechtel provided cover for CIA agents in Libya under both the regime of King Idris and his successor, Muammar Qaddafi. Sometimes called a “secret arm” of the CIA, Bechtel’s executives included those who would join President Reagan’s Cabinet, including Secretary of State George Schultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.

    Before World War II, Steve Bechtel formed a military-industrial complex partnership with John McCone. McCone later became the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and later, director of the CIA. The CIA has used Bechtel to provide cover for non-official cover CIA operatives abroad.

    Blackstone Investment Group. [CIA front]. With offices in Washington, DC and Moscow, arranged for the purchase of KGB documents following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Among the documents sought by the front company were any related to illegal CIA activities during the Cold War, including the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

    Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restaurant. [CIA front]. Opened in 1967 in King’s Cross in Sydney, Australia. Served as a rendezvous point for CIA, Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO), and organized crime figures. Its proprietor was Bernie Houghton, a CIA operative with links to Nugan Hand Bank, CIA weapons smuggler Edwin Wilson, and CIA clandestine services officers Theodore Shackley, Rafael Quintero, and Thomas Clines.

    Center for Democracy. [CIA front]. Administered under the aegis of Boston University, the center maintained offices in Boston, Washington, DC, Guatemala City, and Strasbourg, France. Involved in CIA operations in eastern Europe, Central America, and Africa.

    Colt Patent Firearms Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Hartford, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.

    Daddario & Burns. [CIA partner]. Headed by former OSS officer Emilio Daddario, a Democratic Representative from Connecticut, the Hartford-based law firm provided services to the CIA.

    DC Comics. [CIA partner]. Worked with the International Military Information Group (IMIG), a joint CIA/Pentagon unit at the State Department, to disseminate propaganda comic books, featuring Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman, in Serbo-Croatian and Albanian, to youth in the Balkans during the military conflicts in that region.

    Disney Corporation. [CIA partner]. CIA agents who were adept at creating front companies and shell corporations in Florida, worked closely with Disney in preparation for the construction of Disney World near Orlando, Florida. OSS veteran “Wild Bill” Donovan and CIA shell company expert Paul Helliwell helped create two fake Florida cities, Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, as well as a number of shell corporations, to keep secret the plans for Disney World. This kept land prices low because real estate speculators were unaware of the prospective value of the land in a desolate area of central Florida.

    Emory School of Medicine. [CIA partner]. Located in Atlanta, Georgia. Involved in the CIA’s MK-ULTRA behavioral modification project.

    Enron Corporation [CIA partner]. Houston-based firm that was used by the CIA to provide commercial cover for its agents around the world. There were at least 20 CIA employees on Enron’s payroll. Andre Le Gallo, a former official of the CIA’s Operations Directorate, went to work as a corporate intelligence officer for Enron.

    Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). [CIA front]. Officially established by American Trotskyists, the group was penetrated by CIA operatives. The FPCC New Orleans office was a CIA front that provided cover for the anti-Fidel Castro activities of Lee Harvey Oswald, Clay Shaw, and David Ferrie, among others. The New Orleans FPCC office was located at 544 Camp Street and shared the same building entrance with Guy Banister Associates, Inc., a private detective agency, the address for which was 531 Lafayette Street and around the corner from 544 Camp Street.

    In December 1963, after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the FPCC ceased all U.S. operations.

    General Electric Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Fairfield, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.

    General Foods Corporation. [CIA partner]. Advertising account at CIA’s Robert Mullen Company handled by an active CIA employee.

    Google, Inc. [CIA partner]. Developed as a result of a research grant by the CIA and Pentagon to Stanford University’s Department of Computer Science. The CIA referred to the research as the “google project.”

    Greenberg Traurig. [CIA partner]. Washington, DC “connected” law firm.

    Guy Banister Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New Orleans private detective agency headed by former FBI agent Guy Banister. The detective agency coordinated the activities of various anti-Castro Cuban groups in New Orleans, including Banister’s own Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean, as well as the Cuban Revolutionary Council, the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front, Friends of Democratic Cuba, and the Crusade to Free Cuba Committee.

    Banister and Associates shared office space with the CIA’s New Orleans front, the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, headed by Lee Harvey Oswald.

    Hale and Dorr. [CIA partner]. Boston-based law firm that provided cover for CIA’s Independence and Brown Foundations.

    Halliburton. [CIA contractor]. Based in Houston, it is the world’s largest oil service company. Recipient of a number of CIA sole-source contracts for services worldwide.

    Harper and Row, Inc. [CIA partner]. Manuscripts submitted to the New York publisher that dealt with intelligence matters, particularly CIA operations, were turned over to the CIA for censoring edits before publication.

    Hewlett Packard Corporation. [CIA partner]. Sold computers to Iraq for Saddam Hussein’s missile program with the knowledge and approval of the CIA.

    Hill & Knowlton. [CIA partner]. Public relations firm that teamed with the CIA on a number of operations. Hill & Knowlton’s numerous offices abroad provided cover for CIA agents. One known Hill & Knowlton office that was a CIA front operation was in Kuala Lumpur.

    Kerr-McGee. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating overseas.

    Kissinger Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New York-based international consulting firm founded by former Secretary of State and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger. Former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft is a co-owner. The firm provided support to the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation and the Bilderberg Group. Much of the 1982 seed money for Kissinger Associates was provided by Goldman Sachs.

    Knight Foundation. [CIA partner]. Also known as the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. Based in Miami, the foundation provides funding for various CIA-connected media operations in the United States and around the world.

    Kroll Inc. [CIA partner]. Founded in 1972 by Jules Kroll, who had links to both U.S. and Israeli intelligence. Based in Manhattan. French domestic law enforcement believed Kroll’s Paris office was a CIA front. Kroll handled the security for the World Trade Center after the 1993 terrorist bombing and continued to be responsible for security up to, during, and after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. Kroll employed former FBI assistant director for counter-terrorism John O’Neill, who died in the collapse of the World Trade Center.

    Lincoln Savings and Loan. [CIA partner]. Based in Irvine, California and headed by notorious swindler Charles Keating, Jr., involved in laundering funds for the Iran-contra scandal.

    Lone Star Cement Corporation. [CIA partner]. Based in Stamford, Connecticut and linked to the Bush family, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad. Involved in the Iran-contra scandal.

    Mary Carter Paint Company. [CIA front]. A money-laundering operation for the CIA. Involved in casinos in the Bahamas.

    Monsanto. [CIA partner]. The firm contracted with former CIA official Cofer Black’s Total Intelligence Solutions (TIS), a subsidiary of the CIA-connected Blackwater USA, later Xe Services, to monitor animal rights groups, anti-genetically modified (GM) food activists, and other groups opposed to Monsanto’s agri-business operations worldwide.

    National Enquirer. [CIA partner]. The tabloid’s founder, Generoso (Gene) Pope, Jr., worked for the CIA’s psychological warfare unit and the agency’s Italy branch in 1950. In 1952, Pope acquired The New York Enquirer broadsheet and transformed it into a tabloid, renaming it The National Enquirer. This transformation bore the imprimatur of the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program.

    Newsweek. [CIA partner]. Magazine reporters and stringers fed information to the CIA. Newsweek’s stringers in southeastern Europe and the Far East were CIA agents. When Newsweek was bought by The Washington Post Company in 1961, cooperation between the magazine and the CIA increased. It was a participant in the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program. Much of the staff of Newsweek was absorbed into a new online publication, The Daily Beast, which continues to disseminate CIA-influenced articles. See Washington Post.

    Nieman Foundation. [CIA partner]. Located at Harvard University, the foundation awarded Nieman Fellowships, some on behalf of the CIA, for foreign journalists to study at Harvard. The journalists were subjected to CIA recruitment efforts prior to their returning to their home countries.

    Pamela Martin & Associates. [CIA partner], Escort firm run by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the so-called “DC Madam.” During her 2008 trial for mail fraud, Palfrey attempted to invoke the Classified Information Procedures Act in order to discuss her relationship with the CIA. The U.S. Court refused Palfrey’s request and she was convicted and later said to have committed suicide before her sentencing hearing in Washington, DC. One of her clients was Randall Tobias, the head of the CIA-connected USAID. Another was Louisiana Republican senator David Vitter.

    Paris Review. [CIA front]. Literary magazine edited by George Plimpton. Published works by Jack Kerouac and Samuel Beckett. The magazine’s co-founder, Peter Matthiessen, relied on his affiliation with the magazine as his CIA cover.

    Quaker Oats Company. [CIA partner]. Worked with the CIA and Atomic Energy Commission to place trace amounts of radiation in breakfast cereal served to boys at the Fernald School for the mentally retarded in Waltham, Massachusetts.

    Radio Corporation of America. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Iran, Philippines, Japan, and West Germany. Provided technical assistance to CIA-financed clandestine and propaganda radio stations worldwide, including Radio Free Europe. RCA founder David Sarnoff was a major supporter of CIA operations, including propaganda dissemination around the world. RCA chairman and chief executive officer Thornton F. Bradshaw was active in the operations of the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation.

    Reily Coffee Company. [CIA partner]. Also known as William B. Reily Coffee Company and based in New Orleans, this company employed Lee Harvey Oswald and a number of other U.S. government employees, many of whom were suspected CIA officers.

    Robert M. Mullen Company. [CIA proprietary]. A Washington, DC public relations firm, it was used as a front for CIA activities. E. Howard Hunt, the CIA agent, worked for Robert Mullen when he was arrested in the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington in 1972. The Senate Watergate Committee reported that “the Mullen and Company has maintained a relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency since its incorporation in 1959. It provided covers for agents in Europe (Stockholm), Latin America (Mexico City), and the Far East (Singapore) at the time of the Watergate break-in.”

    Rockefeller Foundation. [CIA partner]. Used by the CIA to direct scholarships and grants to the Third World and Eastern Europe. Rockefeller Foundation money was funneled to the American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE), created in 1948. The chairman of ACUE was OSS chief William J. Donovan and the vice chairman was Allen Dulles. One of ACUE’s board members was Walter Bedell Smith, the first CIA director.

    Summa Corporation. [CIA partner]. Owned by Howard Hughes, Summa is believed to have skimmed gambling profits from the Sands, Desert Inn, Frontier, Silver Slipper, Castaways, and Landmark casinos in Las Vegas and Harold’s Club in Reno for the CIA and the Mafia. Provided financial cover for the CIA’s Glomar Explorer project.

    Teneo Intelligence. [CIA partner]. Branch of Teneo Holdings, which is headquartered in New York. Teneo Holdings’s intelligence branch includes former CIA officials. Teneo is closely linked to former President Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton. Teneo Intelligence has offices in New York, London, Rome, Brussels, Dubai, Bogota, New Delhi, and Tokyo.

    Texas Commerce Bank (TCB). [CIA partner]. Houston-based bank founded by the family of James Baker III. Texas Commerce Bank was used to provide commercial cover for CIA agents. After serving as vice president for Texas Commerce Bank in Caracas from 1977 to 1979, Jeb Bush joined his father’s presidential campaign in 1980. Serving with Bush on the campaign was Robert Gambino, the CIA deputy director of security who gave Bush his orientation brief at Langley in 1977.

    Kenneth Lay, the chairman of Enron, which had its own links to the CIA, served on the board of Texas Commerce Bank. Texas Commerce Bank was acquired by Chemical Bank in 1987.

    The bank provided major loans to Howard Hughes’s Summa Corporation. See Summa Corporation.

    United Fruit Company [CIA partner]. Involved in 1954 CIA overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz government in Guatemala. Published the Latin America Report, a publication that was a CIA front used for clandestine activities. The CIA transferred weapons to United Fruit employees in Guatemala who were involved in undermining the Arbenz government. The joint CIA-United Fruit plan was code named OPERATION FORTUNE. Company provided an airfield in Guatemala for the CIA’s training of Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

    U.S. Rubber Company. [CIA partner]. Headquartered in Naugatuck, Connecticut and later called Uniroyal, provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad. Included those operating under the cover of the Dominion Rubber Company of Canada, a subsidiary of U.S. Rubber Company.

    U.S. Youth Council (USYC). [CIA front]. Founded in 1945 and based in New York. Some 90 percent of its funds came from the CIA. USYC received funding from the Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs (FYSA), a CIA front. The USYC was composed of American Youth Hostels, Camp Fire Girls, 4-H, American Unitarian Youth, National Catholic Welfare Conference, National Students Assembly, YMCA and YWCA.

    Wackenhut. [CIA contractor]. Wackenhut, a Palm Beach Gardens, Florida-based security firm, stood accused of providing the CIA with specialized services around the world, including Chile, Greece, and El Salvador. Its Venezuelan branch, Wackenhut Venezolana, C.A., was accused in 2002 of involvement in the CIA’s coup against President Hugo Chavez. William Casey served as Wackenhut’s outside counsel before becoming CIA director in 1981.

    Wackenhut eventually merged into the global security firm G4S.

    Washington Post. [CIA partner]. The Washington Post was part of the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD, the agency’s media influence project. Post publisher Phil Graham was a close friend and associate of MOCKINGBIRD chief Frank Wisner, Sr. and CIA director Allen Dulles. Wisner assisted Graham in acquiring The Washington Times-Herald and WTOP radio, creating a sizable CIA-influenced media operation in the nation’s capital.

    W. R. Grace. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Latin America. Provided donations to CIA front foundations.

  • News story about Madsen's book via The Justice Integrity Project

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              Sound Shapes preview: Run, jump, dance        
    Do you own any of the following?

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    Esta mañana me encontré este artículo en el muro de un amigo http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_analysis/2705631/el_quimbo_colombia_enelendesas_low_carbon_hydroelectric_racket.html. El artículo por un imperialismo ecológico critica el imperialismo económico, pero su crítica, aunque razonable en algunos puntos, no deja de tener el trasfondo errado de muchos ecologistas: ¡imponer condiciones a los países subdesarrollados para que los ecologistas de los desarrollados sigan contaminando en paz! Pero lo irónico es que The ecologist critica una de las fuentes de generación de energía renovable más bonitas, eficientes y que puede darle a la gente que vive en ese territorio que llaman Colombia fuentes de riqueza. Además, la crítica se hace de manera ligera pasando por alto las consideraciones del International Panel on Climate Change acerca de sus ventajas.  En el punto que acierta es precisamente en los abusos del estado sobre las comunidades, donde vale la pena resaltar que el aprovechamiento del potencial hidroeléctrico no da derecho a expropiar, en favor del que sea. 

    Este escrito consta de varias partes. El primero es que hay una confusión entre inversión extranjera y concesión de monopolios extranjeros, donde los ecologistas aciertan. Y para la aclaración cito a un a un profesor de la Universidad de New York, a Murray Rothbard. Luego, muestro que tras el ecologismo hay también imperialismo, pero uno que suele gustarle a ciertas izquierdas, uno que impone condiciones insoportables a los países pobres, para que los ecologistas nórdicos no tengan cargos de conciencia por prender la calefacción, dado que en las zonas tropicales hay selvas que se beneficiarán de su cariño al planeta. En ella explico que hay una falacia en cuanto a la consideración que hace el artículo de las hidroeléctricas, incluso basándome en el IPCC. Posteriormente, se muestra que las hidroeléctricas además de ser tecnologías que producen energía eficiente sin emisiones de CO2 (no se discute acá el tema de si el cambio climático es originado o no por el hombre) es una oportunidad de ofrecer energía barata. El precio de la energía se relaciona con el crecimiento económico, inclusive una disminución de la demanda de energía puede ser un indicio previo a una crisis económica. La energía eléctrica es clave en la industria y una energía más barata puede disminuir costos. Finalmente, ante un planteamiento del artículo que menciona las pérdidas de energía en transmisión y distribución (o sea los cables que llevan la energía de la planta a su casa) que denuncian a que se deben ¿a las leyes de la física? ¿a viabilidad técnica pero no económica? ¿a ineficiencia? Esto porque consideraban que era más importante disminuir las pérdidas que construir hidroeléctricas. Hasta cierto punto, por física, las pérdidas en transmisión son inevitables, no sé cuál sea el punto. Pero eso no es una excusa para no mejorar la oferta. 

    El imperialismo ecológico es una realidad. Sin embargo, muchos partidos de izquierda al ser ecologistas están convencidos de que no es imperialismo. Ya Hayek denunciaba que existía una imposición de países ricos y contaminados que obligaban a países pobres y selváticos a generar amplias áreas protegidas. Esto genera como dice don Alpiniano en El Tomismo Desdeñado unos beneficios a unas personas que no les corresponden, imponiendo cargas a otros que no las merecen. Sin embargo, luego de que en estos países -como Colombia- nadie puede hacer nada, ni tiene cómo adquirir recursos para explotar sus ventajas ahí sí llegan empresas extranjeras que, haciendo convenios con el gobierno, adquieren los beneficios que los nacionales no han tenido. 

    Hace Murray Rothbard, citado por el instituto Mises Hispano una distinción importante entre la sana inversión extranjera y la alianza de empresas ricas con gobiernos ineptos pobres:

    "Los conservadores norteamericanos insisten en particular en resaltar ante los países retrasados las grandes posibilidades y la importancia de las inversiones privadas procedentes de los países avanzados, y les incitan a crear un clima favorable a las mismas, de modo que no se vean sujetas al instigamiento de los gobernantes. Todo ello es muy cierto, pero, una vez más, a menudo es irreal, dada la situación de estos países. Estos conservadores caen persistentemente en el error de no saber distinguir entre las inversiones exteriores legítimas del mercado libre y las basadas en concesiones monopolistas y en donaciones de vastas extensiones de tierras otorgadas por los Estados subdesarrollados. En la medida en que las inversiones exteriores se basan en monopolios y en agresiones contra el campesinado, en esa misma medida adquiere el capitalismo extranjero las características de los señores feudales y debe ser combatido con los mismos medios"

    En este sentido, estoy de acuerdo con el artículo -y en contra del imperialismo económico- en que el estado confunde inversión extranjera con monopolio extranjero. Y el monopolio es desagradable venga de donde venga, sea el monopolio estatal tan "nacional", como cualquier otro. Por eso, cuando Robledo, senador del Polo, defendía a los arroceros por la imposición ridícula de tener que comprar nuevas semillas estaba promoviendo algo anarcocapitalista y liberal, aunque con argumentos de izquierda. 

    Lo mismo pasa en este caso, si se trata de una inversión privada ¿por qué el estado entra y desaloja campesinos? ¿Por qué expropia? Y por más que la ley diga que la expropiación requiere una indemnización al precio del avalúo comercial, ¿es el avalúo comercial el precio de venta? Hombre, no estoy en momento de calcular las rentas campesinas vs las rentas hidroeléctricas, pero sospecho que las rentas hidroeléctricas son más altas. Ahora, si el campesino no quiere vender al precio que dice el avaluador ¿por qué le quita el estado su tierra bajo la excusa del "bien común" para las rentas particulares? No creo que si la transacción se diera en condiciones de libre mercado los campesinos salieran a protestar. Hay alrededor de un millón de kilómetros de líneas de transmisión eléctrica, y si uno viaja por carretera suele ver vacas o sembrados alrededor. ¿Por qué esos campesinos no protestan? Porque 1. esos terrenos no son expropiados sino que cuentan con servidumbres de paso, 2. Se suelen hacer arreglos de mercado. Hombre, hay casos de casos, pero en general no se ve un descontento generalizado. 

    Pero, no, la herramienta de la expropiación es el arma para el bien común, como en Venezuela que hay mucho "bien común", siendo tan paradisiado que prefieren venirse para Colombia. La expropiación existe pero tiene sus límites. En todo caso, sin estado Â¿quién expropiaría para que se hicieran las vías? 


    Sin embargo, las razones ecológicas que plantean para oponerse a las hidroeléctricas son más bien pobres. En primer lugar, las consideran también causa del calentamiento global. ¿Cómo? No quiero citar el artículo porque me da pereza pero la idea se resume en 1. cortan bosques tropicales que recogen el CO2, 2. son fuentes de Metano. Hombre ¿cómo un artículo que cita el Panel Intergubernamental sobre el Cambio Climático para defender a los campesinos y el agro sale a decir que son más contaminantes? En primer lugar, si uno revisa lo que dice el IPCC en materia de energía hidoeléctrica (sacaron un documento sobre energías alternativas) su resumen -de la IPCC- arranca así: "Hydropower offers significant potential for carbon emissions reductions" http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/special-reports/srren/Chapter%205%20Hydropower.pdf. Creo que en ese punto "The ecologist" se equivoca. 

    Por otro lado argumenta que las represas (reservoirs) son fuentes de Metano. La verdad, lo que dicen los científicos climáticos es que si bien el metano CH4 es un gas efecto invernadero, su absorción es más rápida que el CO2, una diferencia que va desde unas décadas en el metano, hasta miles de años para el dióxido de carbono. Además, de acuerdo con la siguiente imagen que proviene del último reporte del IPCC parte del CO2 proviene del uso de la tierra http://www.slideshare.net/fullscreen/IPCCGeneva/fifth-assessment-report-synthesis-report/11:
    Francamente, si queremos disminuir TODAS las emisiones humanas de CO2 hay que empezar por dejar de respirar. ¿Y todas las artificiales? Dudo que la energía que utiliza "The ecologist" sea propiamente energía que no emita CO2 -bueno, puede ser nuclear que no les gusta tampoco- pero no es de las "terribles" hidroeléctricas. 

    ¿Qué otra razón puede tener "The ecologist"? ¿Proteger los bosques de los países subdesarrollados? ¿Para qué? ¿Para que haya bosques que puedan chuparse el CO2 que producen sus plantas a carbón, gas, petróleo, etc. a costa de energía más costosa, menor productividad, entre otras, en nuestros países? ¿Para que ellos puedan seguir subsidiando sus industrias a cambio de que las nuestras no puedan competir en sus mercados por el costo de la energía?


    Lago Calima.
    Uno de los embalses en Colombia.
    En un apartado anterior cuestioné el manejo del monopolio estatal con la empresa. El estado es una asociación de políticos corruptos con empresarios ineficientes. Pero tanto la oportunidad a nivel de recursos hídricos que hay en Colombia, la eficiencia energética de las hidroeléctricas, su costo en comparación con las térmicas a base de carbón, gas, gasolina, su posibilidad de cambiar potencia (a diferencia de otras renovables de potencia inestable) y almacenar la energía, entre muchas otras, me hacen tenerle cariño a esta tecnología. Creo que en el punto anterior quedó desvirtuado que las hidroeléctricas tengan impactos a nivel global vía CO2 (lo que hacen es quitar el calmadero de conciencia de los ecologistas ricos que les permite seguir emitiendo CO2 bajo la tranquilidad que los bosques tropicales los recogerán). El metano no me preocupa realmente y creo que es una afirmación que no estaba fundamentada, al fin y al cabo, los embalses no son aguas estancadas. 

    El potencial hidroeléctrico de ese territorio que llaman Colombia es una maravilla. Eso sin contar con el potencial energético de otras tecnologías renovables como las fotovoltaicas por su ubicación terrestre, las mareomotrices, entre otras. Que cualquiera venga y lo explote es necesario, aunque en condiciones de mercado, no monopólicas ni imperialistas. Adicionalmente, la energía hidroeléctrica es más barata. En el siguiente gráfico hay un promedio de los precios mensuales en comparación al porcentaje de generación térmica en Colombia:

    Por puro azar puede observarse con claridad la correlación entre el porcentaje de generación térmica en Colombia y el precio constante (deflactado con IPC) de la energía. Como la gráfica de generación térmica de alguna manera encaja con la hidráulica (la cogeneración y la eólica representan porcentajes insignificantes) podría afirmarse que a mayor generación hidráulica en general menos precio. ¿Por qué se presentan esos baches en la generación? La razón es muy simple, el agua es renovable pero no predecible. Si uno mira las correlaciones de series de ingresos los caudales en dos o tres días tienen altas correlaciones, pero alrededor de dos meses -algo que corroboré con un ex empleado de ISA e ISAGEN- las correlaciones son nulas. 

    Hay incertidumbre en el ingreso del agua. Adicionalmente, en unas ocasiones por década se presenta el fenómeno del niño. El fenómeno del niño genera lluvias en Perú -un país desértico- y trae sequía a un país lluvioso como Colombia. Como el agua escasea hay que producir la energía con un sustituto: las termoeléctricas. El costo de la energía se dispara. En este momento parece que están las condiciones para que se dé el fenómeno del Niño si es que no estamos ya en él. De ese fenómeno se ha venido especulando desde que empecé a investigar este tema en Junio del año pasado (o sea el 2014). Esa especulación posiblemente también influye en los precios, el aumento de la producción térmica y la disminución de la hidroeléctrica porque ante el riesgo de escasez se empieza a guardar el agua. El profesor John Jairo García y otros de EAFIT en un paper al respecto proponía medir las expectativas de aportes al sistema en relación con el precio: 

    "Una variable importante sobre la determinación del precio en el mercado no regulado que debiera incluirse en estudios futuros son las expectativas climatológicas; en la medida en que se espere una disminución del recurso hídrico, generará expectativas de aumentos en el precio.". http://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cienciasestrategicas/article/view/1093/1313

    La intuición tras el análisis es muy buena, pero dudo que pueda encontrarse una variable de expectativas climatológicas. Aunque si algo me soprendió de John Jairo era esa capacidad de creatividad econométrica. El caso es que la ventaja de tener un sistema donde el "combustible"que es el agua es variable, permite inferir que, al menos en las condiciones geográficas de los Andes Colombianas, es más barato que el uso de otros combustibles.

    Es así como la construcción de hidroeléctricas -aunque respetando los derechos de propiedad privada- es una necesidad para mantener bajos los precios de la energía. Hay muchos trabajos que buscan predecir el precio de la energía y lo hacen en función de variables hídricas. Pero nada mejor que leer los errores de las predicciones pasadas de los economistas. En este artículo participó mi amigo y profesor de econometría Mauricio Lopera y dice lo siguiente:

    " La coherencia del resultado se corrobora en el mes de enero de 2014, donde se aprecia una caída grande en el precio producto de la entrada en operación de El Quimbo y Sogamoso, las cuales en conjunto aumentan la oferta de electricidad en 1220 MW" http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/1552/155226077004.pdf
    Mauricio nos insistía mucho que verificáramos que el resultado econométrico coincidiera con la "intuición" económica.  El problema es que las predicciones se equivocan y fuertemente. En el artículo citado, se muestra que los precios caerían en enero de 2014, la razón sería lógica la entrada de hidrosogamoso y quimbo (que es la que menciona The ecologist). Los precios en 2014 en bolsa fueron altísimos, y apenas hoy 16/01/2015 leí que estaban inaugurando la planta de hidrosogamoso. Lo que es cierto es que esas plantas deberían influir en la disminución del precio por el aumento de la oferta, además, de un insumo mucho más barato como "combustible" que el carbón. En eso acertó el trabajo de Mauricio y otros. Pero el cómo o cuánto bajarán los precios no podemos calcularlo con exactitud. 

    Los cables suelen dañar las fotos de paisajes.
    Pero ¿no puede haber buenas fotos de cables de alta tensión?

    El sistema de energía que nace con las leyes 142 y en concreto 143 de 1994 tiene muchas deficiencias. Aunque la L143/94 trataba de dar paso a un modelo más parecido al de un mercado, esa distinción del mercado regulado del consumidor de energía hace que nos saquen un ojo de la cara porque sus precios están muy por encima de los de bolsa; aunque relativamente influidos por ellos como lo mostraba el profesor John Jairo García. El modelo aunque avanza hacia tratar de liberar lo que considera de mercado y regular lo que considera "monopolio natural" se queda corto. Pero realmente si hay algo aburrido es la regulación del sistema de energía, como todas las regulaciones. Hablemos más bien de leyes bonitas, las del "fatum" o de la naturaleza... las humanas dan asco. 

    Quiero enfocarme más en los problemas que mencionaba "The ecologist" y es las "pérdidas" de energía del sistema de transmisión y distribución. Una de las leyes de la física es la ley de la entropía. Básicamente consiste en que aunque la energía no se destruye, solamente se transforma, se degrada a formas de energía más "desordenadas". Básicamente la energía se transforma en "calor", o que es lo mismo que movimiento y vibración molecular. Utilizaremos el término "pérdida" de energía en un sentido amplio, o económico, pero entendiendo que solamente es una transformación no utilizable.  Esta es la razón por la cual no existe una máquina perfecta, sin desgaste y de movimiento absoluto. Por esta razón los relojes de péndulo necesitaban que les dieran "cuerda". 

    De esta manera, por cada 1 KWh (3.600.000 Joules) que produce uno recibe una cantidad menor de energía porque esta se ha "pérdido" transformándose en calor. Esto se debe a que los transformadores -que no entiendo cómo funcionan pero cambian el voltaje- generan pérdidas, la transmisión de energía puede generar calor, en la costa el desgaste de los cables genera pérdidas. Todo esto, como me decía un ex trabajador del sector eso es parte del costo de la energía. Dice textualmente "The ecologist" que se pierde alrededor del 16% de la energía generada:

    "Yet the Government is neglecting simple options to raise power supply - like reducing the high level of losses in transmission and distribution, which run at about 16% of power generation and amount to some 10,000 GWh per year - more than four times the energy production of El Quimbo."
    Pero es que por las leyes de la física: ¡tiene que "perderse" parte de la energía generada! De la energía potencial del agua embalsada el 80%-90% se transmite por medio de la electricidad y el 10%-20% se "pierde" o sea se transforma en "calor". ¡Y es de las más bajas! Las térmicas pierden el 59% de la energía contenida en el combustible, las nucleares el 70%  (CARTA GONZÁLEZ, CALERO PÉREZ, COLMENAR SANTOS, CASTRO GIL, & COLLADO FERNÁNDEZ, 2013, pp. 113-114). Puede que pueda perderse menos bajo un mantenimiento mucho más costoso, o puede que efectivamente pueda perderse menos. El caso es que siempre se va a "perder" algo de la energía. 

    Puede que The Ecologist tenga razón en que se aumente la eficiencia energética. Algo que puede ser inviable o física o económicamente. Pero eso no es razón para impedir que se produzcan plantas de producción de energía eléctrica, es bueno aumentar la oferta por todos los medios. 

    Lo que no puede el gobierno es ordenar que se cree energía, ni que no se degrade una parte en otras formas. Gracias a Dios las leyes de la física son inderogables, imprescriptibles, inembargables, anteriores al ser humano mismo. ¿Puede imaginarse una ley que cree energía? El Congreso de Colombia Decreta "Créase energía a partir de la nada...". Gracias a Dios eso no es posible, no soy capaz de imaginarme la inflación energética lo que produciría, al menos la moneda de la naturaleza es absolutamente neutral. O una ley que diga "Derógase la gravedad", el totazo que se pegarían de cuenta de creer en su validez sería de lo lindo...

    En primer lugar pido perdón al lector por tratar la energía de una forma tan política. Es decir, es demasiado pobre, aunque no más pobre que el Ministro de Minas que confundió potencia con energía, pero ¿quién es uno para cuestionar a los "doctores" Ministros? ¡De pronto ignoro una ley que asimila energía con potencia! En segundo lugar, no es esta, ni más faltaba una defensa al régimen de energía eléctrica Colombiana, tan no lo es, que arranco dándole la razón a los ecologistas en que muchas de esas empresas grandes y concesionadas arrasan con las comunidades. El problema de esas empresas grandes, no es la falta de estado, por el contrario, su exceso, lo que falta es libertad. 

    Lo que sí creo es que en sanas condiciones de mercado y con precios justos a los dueños de las tierras, la construcción de hidroeléctricas es una de las ventajas que tiene este territorio geográficamente llamado Colombia. Es vital empezar a utilizar en este territorio las ventajas que ofrece el desarrollo de miles de tecnologías de energía renovable, como la solar, la mareomotriz, la eólica y la más fuerte la hidroeléctrica. En esta región se podría utilizar un potencial enorme para producir energía barata, renovable y libre de elementos contaminantes. Esta energía se podría exportar. ¿Por qué no hay líneas de transmisión a Panamá y Centro América? ¿Por qué no hay líneas de transmisión al Perú? ¿Imposibilidad logística? ¿No serán más bien los elevados costos regulatorios -que agudizan las barreras de entrada- sumado al monopolio estatal? ¿O el monopolio de la transmisión es "natural"? 

    Casi todas las citas salen de internet así que si no refiero la fuente, está el link. Las formalidades APA o lo que sea me parecen demasiado engorrosas para escribir informalmente. Con el internet debería bastar con el link. El único libro que cito, con todas las normas mamonas para probar su existencia, es:

    CARTA GONZÁLEZ, J. A., CALERO PÉREZ, R., COLMENAR SANTOS, A., CASTRO GIL, A., & COLLADO FERNÁNDEZ, E. (2013). Centrales de energías renovables. Generación eléctrica con energías renovables. (P. E. S.A. Ed. SEGUNDA ed.). Madrid, España.

              Â¿POR QUÉ SURGE EL DINERO?        

    ¿Por qué surge el dinero? ¿Para qué sirve? ¿Cuál es entonces su verdadera naturaleza? En  SOBRE EL DINERO iniciamos una serie de inquietudes acerca de la naturaleza del dinero. El dinero es algo bueno, muy bueno porque puede cambiarse por cualquier cosa útil, sin embargo, en la actualidad, desconocer su naturaleza genera muchos problemas, en especial la crisis económica que se cierne como una sombra sobre el mundo.


    Es complicado cambiar hamburguesas por casas
    o cosas que
     no le interesen a esta mujer.
    El ser humano primero era nómada y hacía de todo menos vivir bueno. Cada persona, o cada familia más bien, debía protegerse, buscar alimento, refugio, sanarse, pasar la enfermedad, entre otras, solo. Esa situación en términos biológicos era una desventaja notoria. Una desventaja que impedía la supervivencia. ¿Entonces Rousseau se equivoca en lo del buen salvaje? ¡Efectivamente! El buen salvaje solo es incapaz de satisfacer por sí mismo todas sus necesidades lo que reduce notablemente su vida.

    Un día, unas personas inteligentes, se dieron cuenta. Él es bueno para cazar, yo para arar la tierra (bueno realmente no existía el arado), aquel para hacer protectores para el frío. De esa manera si uno hacía una cosa más veloz que otro, y el otro a su vez más veloz que aquel, pues, en vez de que cada uno intente hacer todas sus labores al tiempo ¿no es mejor que el que las hace más rápido lo haga por mí y yo haga por él lo que él no es capaz de hacer más rápido que yo? Así si uno recogía 10 frutas por día y hacía 2 empaques para conservarla al día y el otro producía 10 empaques para conservar el alimento y recogía 2 frutas. ¿Por qué no se dedica uno a hacer empaques para conservación y el otro a recoger frutas? ¡Eso fue lo que hicieron! Ese fue el origen de la economía y de la ciudad y ya lo comprendía Sócrates desde tiempos inmemoriales:

    SÓCRATES: Pues bien la ciudad nace, en mi opinión, por darse la circunstancia de que ninguno de nosotros se basta a sí mismo, sino que necesita de muchas cosas. ¿O crees otra la razón por la cual se fundan las ciudades?

    ADIMANTO: Ninguna otra

    SÓCRATES: Así, pues, cada uno va tomando consigo a tal hombre para satisfacer esta necesidad y a tal otro para aquella; de este modo, al necesitar todos de muchas cosas, vamos reuniendo en una sola vivienda a multitud de personas en calidad de asociados y auxiliares y a esta cohabitación le damos el nombre de ciudad. ¿No es así? (Platón, pág. 55: 369 B).
    Sin embargo, surge un problema. Tenemos en la comunidad una persona que hace chorizos y otra que construye casas. Si el que hace chorizos ofrece un chorizo por la casa, quizás el constructor le conteste "para construir una casa necesito más alimento que un simple chorizo", entonces el que hace chorizos le contestará "me importa un chorizo...", bueno, no le contestará eso. El que hace chorizos seguramente le contestaría que podría darle 100, 1000, los que sean, pero mientras tanto el que construye requerirá comida (además de chorizo), vestidos para protegerse del frío, etc., y con chorizos no podrá intercambiar todas sus necesidades. De la misma manera si recibiera muchos chorizos, es probable que el zapatero sea vegetariano que su medio de pago sean casas o chorizos le importe "un chorizo".

    De esa manera, la ciudad, comunidad, foro, plaza, constituye, de forma "consuetudinaria" un medio de cambio. Es así como originarse de una práctica consuetudinaria y ser medio de cambio son las dos características referentes al dinero.

    ¿Qué implica que sea medio de cambio? Esto quiere decir que es el estándar o lo que mide un determinado intercambio. Es decir, el dinero es algo que puede cambiarse por todas las cosas, por todos los bienes o servicios. Es así como uno vende, pero para tener la libertad de intercambiar lo que quiera, no se vende por dinero porque nos pasaría lo de la isla desierta: ¡no serviría para nada! Con acierto sostuvo Domingo de Soto que se vende para recibir dinero y comprar de lo que falta sin compromiso de tener que recibir del comprador aquello que no necesite: “vendido lo que le sobra de una cosa, compra lo que de otra le falta (…) la compra es el fin de la venta”  (DE SOTO, 1968, pág. 593). El profesor José Alpiniano García Muñoz, en una tesis doctoral recientemente defendida en la Universidad de Navarra, nos aclara esta frase en relación al tema del valor del dinero "En consecuencia, quien vende no tiene como fin el dinero, sino la compra o adquisición de otra cosa que le falta." (GARCÍA MUÑOZ, 2011, pág. 28). La razón de ser del dinero no es otra pues que facilitar los intercambios de cosas realmente necesarias para cada persona. En otro libro del mismo autor se explica con más claridad este punto: "Como se dijo antes, el papel moneda sólo tiene razón de ser en la medida en que, por decirlo gráficamente, represente una cantidad o servicios, esto es, su razón de ser es su valor de cambio objetivo; el dinero vale toda la cantidad de bienes o servicios que puede obtenerse a cambio de él." (GARCÍA-MUÑOZ, 2001, pág. 148).

    Bolívar. Moneda Venezolana.
    El gobierno ha intentado avaluarla mediante sellos,
    pero es la mejor muestra que el valor del dinero
    nace de la costumbre.
    Adicionalmente el dinero se caracteriza por ser consuetudinario ¿Por qué consuetudinario? Porque es una costumbre, las personas se acostumbran a que esa cosa sea la medida que utilizan para intercambiar las cosas. Sin embargo, no faltan en la vida ciertos personajes que se dan el lujo de hacer dinero. Antes el oro y la plata eran los medios de cambio, en la actualidad, los estados se inventan el cuento que el dinero vale porque es hecho por ellos. Es así como surge el cuento del curso forzoso. Es así como si uno se encuentra del lado Colombiano de la frontera con Venezuela entre Villa del Rosario (Norte de Santander) y San Antonio del Táchira  y va a comprarle a un Venezolano tendría que hacerlo en pesos. Sin embargo, es precisamente en zona de frontera donde se observa lo ridícula que es su existencia. El Venezolano podría recibirle en pesos si quisiera, o únicamente recibirle en el tan "revaluado" Bolívar (moneda de Venezuela). Es que Chávez tiene el poder de producir un Bolívar "fuerte". En San Antonio del Táchira es usual que se reciban pesos como intercambio y en Cúcuta que se reciba el tan "revaluado" Bolívar. Adicionalmente, nada obstaría para que recibieran pesos, dólares, dólares canadienses, euros, yens, o tres vacas, un kilo de oro o una libra de sal. En todo caso, se acostumbra a recibir en una moneda determinada, en un "país" (en su sentido geográfico) determinado.

    Un ejemplo de que el dinero se utiliza de forma consuetudinaria es el uso del dólar estadounidense en Ecuador. ¿Por qué si es un billete que únicamente tiene cambio  curso forzoso en los EEUU? Pues porque es una costumbre. Citado por el profesor José Alpiniano, Domingo de Soto, hace ya varios siglos nos decía:  “aunque la moneda no estuviera sellada, tendría el mismo valor en el precio de las cosas”. (DE SOTO, 1968, pág. 585). Es así que si un día en Colombia o en el mundo decidiéramos cambiar nuestro "medio de cambio" por cualquier otro medio de referencia, nadie podría impedirlo...

    Es imposible en Colombia que nos inventemos un medio de cambio diferente al peso, dada nuestra mentalidad legalista y con nuestro arraigado culto al estado. Como diría Fernando González estamos sometidos al "espíritu" de Santander que consideraba que la ley era la causa de la libertad. Sin embargo, en la edad media, al resurgir del comercio, el medio de cambio era bastante escaso y el tránsito inseguro por lo que acudieron a diversas vías como el renacimiento del crédito o el contrato de cambio trayecticio (GARCÍA MUÑOZ, TÍTULOS-VALORES. RÉGIMEN GLOBAL, 2008, pág. 23 y siguientes).

    El dinero -o medio de cambio- nace como una necesidad para facilitar los intercambios estandarizando los precios de las cosas. No proviene del estado su valor o legitimidad, sino que proviene de los individuos que utilizan cierta cosa o documento para hacer sus intercambios. Eso se denota incluso cómo los individuos en momentos de escasez de un determinado medio de cambio inventan o crean figuras para facilitar el intercambio a pesar de ello.




    DE SOTO, D. (1968). De Iustitia et iure (Vol. III). Madrid: Instituto de Estudios Políticos.

    GARCÍA MUÑOZ, J. A. (2011). Derecho y Economía según Tomás de Aquino, Tesis Doctoral. Pamplona, España: Universidad de Navarra. Facultad de Filosofía .

    GARCÍA MUÑOZ, J. A. (2008). TÍTULOS-VALORES. RÉGIMEN GLOBAL. Bogotá D.C, Colombia: Temis S.A.

    GARCÍA-MUÑOZ, J. A. (2001). Derecho Económico de los Contratos.Bogotá: Ediciones Librería del Profesional.

    Platón. La República (Versión en PDF ed.). www.planetalibro.com.ar.

              LA INMENSA CANTIDAD DE LO POCO        
    Ver el mundo en un grano de arena,
    y el cielo en una flor silvestre;
    tener el infinito en la palma de la mano
    y la eternidad en una hora.
    (William Blake en PAPPAS, 1996, pág. 50)

    Los seres humanos nos preocupamos tanto por las grandes obras, que las pequeñas acaban destruyendo la posibilidad de llegar a la grandeza. Es una paradoja, pero una paradoja con fuertes fundamentos fácticos que denotan cómo descuidar lo poco, es el más grande de nuestros errores. El presente ensayo partirá de una reflexión metafísica pasando por una económica, pero la intención será trascender hasta, si es posible, una reflexión mística. Partiremos de ser centaveros, con imagen de ambiciosos, para llegar a la gloria infinita... simplemente por el valor de lo pequeño.

    Una breve contemplación matemática.

    Nubes fractales.
    El fractal denota la potencia de esta paradoja,
    la parte se ve en el todo y el todo en la parte.
    Un cálculo elemental para cualquier persona es la suma de 1 + 1. La unidad pareciese una figura simple y carente de todo significado estético y místico. ¿Qué importa el número uno? ¿Uno no más? Sin embargo, cuando se ve el elevado potencial del uno a nivel matemático, su aparente carencia de significado y su falta de estética, le dan a ese número insignificante, nada dentro del infinito, un valor tan elevado que nos lleva a una paradoja: el uno es nada en comparación con el infinito pero el infinito no es nada sin el uno. ¿Cómo puede surgir tal paradoja en una proporción que todos prácticamente consideramos evidente si sabemos un poco de cálculo y de matemáticas? Evidentemente el infinito ha sido un creador de paradojas como la de Zenón (si cada vez recorro la mitad de lo que me falta ¿cuándo llegaré a la meta?) (PAPPAS, 1996, pág. 50) Sin embargo, esta explicación nos la da Pappas en una cita al pie sobre por qué los números naturales son infinitos: "los números de contar o naturales, son potencialmente infinitos ya que a cualquiera de ellos se le puede sumar uno para llegar al siguiente, pero nunca se puede tener el conjunto completo" (PAPPAS, 1996, pág. 52).

    Efectivamente todos los números son "una multitud compuesta de unidades" como decían los pitagóricos y por ello los consideraban la sustancia de todas las cosas (RECAMÁN SANTOS, 2007, pág. 30). Aunque los pitagóricos no consideraban a la unidad (1) como un número, de esta unidad procedían todos los demás que eran la sustancia del universo. "-¿Cuánto es uno y uno y uno y uno y uno y uno y uno? -No lo sé - dijo Alicia-, he perdido la cuenta. -No puedo hacer la suma - dijo la Reina Roja." (CARROL LEWIS [ALICIA EN EL PAÍS DE LAS MARAVILLAS] en RECAMÁN SANTOS, 2007, pág. 109). Efectivamente la suma constante de uno, uno, uno, cada vez va generando un número que ni la Reina Roja podía sumar, ni lo harán los sabios ancianos del rey en un caso que luego se expondrá. 

    Los pitagóricos, aunque erraron en lo que es un número tuvieron otros aciertos pues nadie ha visto un uno volando a menos que -como decía un compañero mío del colegio- estuviera sentado en una hamaca bastante trabado. Esto quiere decir que los números no son el mundo sino simples son abstracciones de intuiciones que nos explican el mundo, los pitagóricos sí acertaron en la magnifica intuición que nos remite al poema del comienzo. Es de unidades que se forman las cosas y de unidades que se suman indefinidamente que crecen indefinidamente y van formando pieza por pieza, una por una, el mundo. ¿Qué es una estrella? ¿Qué es un grano de arena? ¿Pero qué es una estrella y otra, y otra, y otra...? ¡El firmamento! Y ¿qué es un grano de arena y otro, y otro, y otro,...? ¡Una playa! Lo mismo podemos decir de las gotas de agua que conforman el mar, de las hojas, de las células que forman nuestro cuerpo. ¿Qué es un átomo? ¡lo que compone el universo!

    Deteniéndonos un poco en el tema de las células del cuerpo, nuestra vida comenzó con una célula, que se dividió en dos, en cuatro, en ocho, mórula, blástula, etc, especialización, hasta transformar una vida de una célula en millones de ellas. Podríamos entrar en miles de ejemplos místicos, poéticos que nos lleven a trascender en la contemplación pero eso haría que este escrito fuera infinito. Pues al fin y al cabo, así se comporta la naturaleza que los pitagóricos intuían, una sucesión de unidades que forman el todo, la unidad no es nada frente al todo pero el todo no es nada sin la unidad. Por tal motivo pasaremos de una breve contemplación matemática a un análisis económico.

    Del misticismo a la economía.
    El Banquero y Su esposa.
    ¡La diligencia en el cuidado de lo poco!
    Últimamente tengo pegada la frase "cuide los centavos que los pesos se cuidan solos". Esta frase se la escuché a mi papá, que entiendo se la escuchó a un empresario antioqueño ya difunto. La sabiduría de esta frase no va en lo sonoro de la misma sino en que puede corroborarse en la práctica. Si las personas gastáramos al nivel que lo hacemos en cosas de pequeña cantidad, nos quedaríamos asombrados de lo pronto que nos quebraríamos. Pondré un ejemplo sencillo. Si una persona tiene un capital de $2.000 pesos colombianos (alrededor de un dólar estadounidense) es muy probable que si le ofrecen algo cuyo valor es de $2.000 se relaje y cambie su dinero por esa cosa ¡No son más que $2.000! Pero si todo su capital líquido es de $50.000 (alrededor de 25 USD) y le ofrecen algo de $50.000 es mucho más probable que se controle y diga ¡es que son $50.000! Pero únicamente bastaría hacer únicamente 25 veces el ejercicio con los $2.000 para haberse gastado los $50.000 en cosas de $2.000. Haga el ejercicio de ahorrar $500 diarios durante un año y obtendrá una suma de $182.500, hágalo con $1.000, $2.000, etc.

    En un escrito anterior manifesté lo siguiente:

    "De hecho los pobres saben más de finanzas que los ricos. Un rico no sabe cuánto vale un peso porque ese es su día a día, pero una persona pobre sabe verdaderamente cuál es el costo del dinero, el sudor que se requiere para ganar $18.000 (10 Us$ aprox) [Cfr ElAlispruz. En 2010 si se quiere profundizar en el costo del trabajo]. Esto es tan cierto que los modelos financieros exitosos surgieron precisamente de un elevado valor del dinero. Adicionalmente es la razón por la cuál los modelos tecnocráticos e intervencionistas fracasan. (TORO RESTREPO, 2011)"

    ¿Por qué surgen modelos exitosos con un elevado costo del dinero? El valor de una cosa está relacionado con su escasez, entre más escasa más valiosa, por lo tanto el dinero es mucho más valioso cuando hay poco. Mientras escribo esto recuerdo la gloriosa frase de nuestro presidente Juan Manuel Santos "En Colombia se puede vivir con $190.000 mensuales". Lo glorioso no es tanto que no sea posible (personalmente no lo creo) sino que venga de una persona que ni siquiera sabe cuánto cuesta la gasolina porque tiene choferes y no ha tenido la necesidad de montar en bus. Si a uno le entran $190.000 mensuales tiene que ser bastante inteligente para que con esa suma pueda comer, tener un techo, vestirse y transportarse y si alguien nunca ha tenido el reto de vivir con esa miserable suma... ¿lo hará bien? Mi abuelo materno decía que los mejores financieros son los mendigos porque de $100 en $100 no se asuste si se encuentra al mendigo que pide en el semáforo de la 10 en un vuelo a Santa Marta con usted. Es más complicado cuando la liquidez es mucha pero inconstante, creo yo.

    Tributaristas, delincuentes financieros y el valor del dinero.

    La vocazione di San Matteo
    Recordemos que San Mateo
    era un recaudador de impuestos y
    él comprende el mensaje de la fidelidad en lo poco.
    Los tributaristas son personas MUY INTELIGENTES que trabajan para el sector equivocado, el estado. El estado es una forma de robo menos violenta y menos inútil, pero forzada al fin y al cabo. Paréntesis, admiro a los delincuentes financieros, esos que roban un peso de cada cuenta de un banca, que forman pirámides, etc., porque son perversos, pero comprenden lo mismo que los pitagóricos acerca de la sustancia del mundo. Cualquiera se preguntará ¿por qué pongo a los delincuentes financieros con el sector tributario? Porque ambos piensan estrategias para sacar más de la manera más sutil.

    Una de las formas más inteligentes que comprenden el trasfondo del valor del dinero es la invención del Gravamen a los Movimientos Financieros o Cuatro por mil. Si fuera un señor tomando un peso de cada cuenta, diferente del estado, se llamaría Hurto Calificado. El caso es que no estoy anarquista sino que quiero elogiar al creador del 4 X 1000, eh Ave María qué tan inteligente, el problema es ¡por qué te contrató el lado equivocado!

    Mil pesos vienen siendo poco, pero cuatro pesos no son nada. Bueno 4 X 1000 no son nada y ¿qué tal 4000 por millón? ¿Duelen $40.000 al mover 10.000.000? ¿Qué tal $400.000 al mover $100.000.000? Si una empresa mueve al año $1.000 millones de pesos $4.000.000 pueden ser fácilmente la nómina de unos cuantos meses a salario mínimo. Miremos el 4 X 1000 desde otra perspectiva.

    Si yo pago 1 millón de pesos a otra persona a su cuenta, y ésta a su vez mueve todo ese millón pero pagando el 4 X 1000 y así sucesivamente deduciendo el 4 x 1000, en 27 transacciones, totalmente viables en la velocidad de nuestro sistema financiero, ya se habrá perdido alrededor del 10% de ese valor. O sea si hay una cadena de 27 deudores donde cada uno sea acreedor y deudor de 1.000.000, el 27 avo deberá conseguirse alrededor de $100.000 si cada uno ha venido descontando el 4 x 1000. El cuatro por mil tiene el valor de pasar desapercibido, no se siente su impacto sino cuando se empieza a sumar cada uno de esos gravámenes. 

    Si el PIB de 2010 fue de 548. (DANE - DEPARTAMENTO ADMINISTRATIVO NACIONAL DE ESTADÍSTICA, 2011) cifra que confieso no cabe en mi cabeza. Si moviéramos toda esa suma en una transacción serían $2.193,092 millones de pesos. Eso sin contar que son muchas las transacciones lo que implicaría que el recaudo estatal por este impuesto sería gigantesco. 

    Granos de arroz, trigo y hambre en el mundo.

    Hay algunos personajes que trabajan en la ONU que para discutir el problema del hambre en el mundo llegan llenitos luego de haber pagado los mejores hoteles 5 estrellas en New York. La comida debe ser de la mejor calidad y costosa. Ante esa situación cuando empiezan a discutir el tema con barrigas llenas, observan el problema y ven cómo comer un poquito menos sería bastante costoso y para no sufrir el dolor de ver la pobreza que su despilfarro ocasiona proponen matar a los pobres. Efectivamente, la solución es fácil: "seguimos comiendo igual y despilfarrando igual mientras matamos a aquellos que no pueden despilfarrar como nosotros.".

    Sin embargo, el problema del hambre no es de "exceso de población" sino de "desperdicio de comida". Cualquiera dirá que lo hago porque soy pro-vida o porque no creo que el calentamiento global sea ocasionado por el ser humano o como mínimo por la población. Somos 7.000 millones de personas, pero resulta que el número de hormigas ocupa la misma biomasa (o sea pesando TODAS las hormigas de la tierra pesan lo mismo que TODOS los seres humanos) (Chadwick & Moffet, 2011, pág. 86). La fuente del peso de las hormigas, como puede observarse, es la revista National Geographic de mayo de 2011, fuente científica acreditada a nivel mundial.

    Ahora bien, tomando en cuenta la misma revista pero del mes de julio tenemos un dato todavía más perverso y más triste sobre alimentación. Citemos la fuente textual. Refiriéndose frente a cómo alimentar un planeta creciente en su tercera solución plantea:
    "3. Reducir el desperdicio. Aproximadamente la mitad de las cosechas mundiales desaparecen 'entre el campo y el plato', dice Stockholm International Water Institute. El desperdicio, la desviación para fabricar alimentos para animales y el comportamiento del consumidor son factores que llevan a esto.". (TOMANIO, KLEBER, CASSIDY, WELLS, & BUZBY, 2011)
    Según el dato anterior no sería necesario aumentar las cosechas, bastaría que se acabara el desperdicio por el comportamiento desmedido del consumidor. La carencia proviene del derroche y la abundancia de la sobriedad. Cualquier persona pensadora a nivel actual, o sea lectora de periódicos, dirá: "pues que el estado impida el derroche". Sin embargo en ello también está la paradoja de lo poco, eso no lo hará el que tiene mucho poder, sino el pequeño poder de cada persona ante su plato. ¿Cómo entenderlo? Hagamos algunos análisis con gramos...

    ¿Cuánto pesa un gramo de arroz? De acuerdo con una fuente no tan fiable como Yahoo Answers pero en algo creíble, dice que un grano de arroz pesa 1.16 mg. Si cada persona del mundo desperdicia un grano de arroz, algo insignificante, el desperdicio acumulado sería de 8.12 toneladas. No soy nutricionista pero eso beneficiaría la dieta de miles de personas. El punto es ¿cuántos granos de arroz promedio desperdicia cada persona al día? 

    Al respecto de granos y desperdicio partiendo de la unidad hay una sabia leyendo sobre el momento en el que se inventó el ajedrez. El inventor llega ante el rey con el ajedrez y el rey le dice ¿qué puedo darte por esto? El inventor al principio no pidió nada pero ante la insistencia del rey le pidió "ordena que me den un grano de trigo por la primera casilla, dos por la segunda, 4 por la tercera y así sucesivamente hasta completar las 64 casillas." (PERELMAN, 2002, pág. 52). Al rey esto le pareció un insulto al fin y al cabo, sentía que le pedía demasiado poco... unos granitos de trigo no más.

    Pero hagamos el esquema matemático de lo que pedía el inventor del ajedrez:


    Si organizamos la propuesta en una serie encontraremos que sigue la siguiente secuencia:


    Concluyendo que la serie es 1+2^1+...+2^(n-1) por lo tanto por la última casilla recibirá 2^63 granos. 

    Plantación de trigo.
    No es la foto más hermosa pero se
    observa el efecto infinito.
    El caso es que sinteticemos la conclusión. Luego de un largo periodo de demora en el conteo de todos los matemáticos del rey veamos lo que pasó:

    "-Antes de comenzar tu informe [dice el rey], quiero saber si se ha entregado por fin (...) la mísera recompensa que ha solicitado.
    - Precisamente por eso me he atrevido a presentarme tan temprano -contestó el anciano [uno de los sabios del rey]. Hemos calculado escrupulosamente la cantidad total de granos que desea recibir... resulta una cifra tan enorme.
    -Sea cual fuere la cifra -le interrumpió con altivez el rey- mis graneros no empobrecerán. He prometido darle esa recompensa, y por lo tanto, hay que entregársela.
    -Soberano, o depende de tu voluntad cumplir semejante deseo. En todos tus graneros no existe la cantidad de trigo que exige. Tampoco existe en los graneros de todo el reino. Hasta los graneros del mundo entero son insuficientes. Si deseas entregar sin falta la recompensa prometida, ordena que todos los reinos de la Tierra se conviertan en labrantíos, manda desecar los mares y océanos, ordena fundir el hielo y la nieve que cubren los lejanos desiertos del norte. Que todo el espacio sea totalmente sembrado de trigo, y ordena que toda la cosecha obtenida en estos campos sea entregada [a él]. Sólo entonces recibirá su recompensa.
    El rey escuchaba lleno de asombro las palabras del anciano sabio.
    -Dime cuál es esa cifra tan monstruosa -dime reflexionando.
    -¡Oh soberano! Dieciocho trillones cuatrocientos cuarenta y seis mil setecientos cuarenta y cuatro billones setenta y tres mil setecientos nueve millones quinientos cincuenta y un mil seiscientos quince." (PERELMAN, 2002, pág. 55)
    Trascendiendo a lo místico: conclusión.
    Desde la V inicial hasta el último paréntesis este escrito consta de unas 2602 palabras y 12559 letras o signos y faltan unas pocas más. El punto es que una por una en unas 3 horas he llegado a tocar el teclado más de 12.600 veces una por una, palabra por palabra, sumando lentamente, pero sumando. Como estamos en navidad no puedo dejar de hacer el comentario místico, porque es el Espíritu Santo el que me inspira a escribir (yo iba a hacer un ensayo sobre por qué hay que ser sobrio, moralista como siempre y acabé partiendo de lo místico a lo económico) y los errores son míos. Ese Neuma, hálito o soplo quizás trabaja con la inmensa cantidad de lo poco, la paradoja de lo pequeño, la simple paloma que se posa. ¿Acaso nadie ha podido comprender que los vientos y las corrientes de aire son el trasfondo de las tormentas, lluvias e inundaciones? Quizás así sea el Espíritu Santo, sea esa pequeña mariposa del océano índico que con su movimiento preciso y conociendo todas las causas que lo influyen genera un huracán en el Atlántico. 

    Jesús es el ejemplo de esto. La multiplicación de los panes y los peces muestra cómo de unos pocos panes y peces se alimenta a una muchedumbre y lo que sobra se recoge. Aunque evidentemente es un milagro, no es lo milagroso lo que interesa, sino lo mucho que sale de lo poco su sentido o significado me parece más sorprendente, de la inmensa cantidad de lo poco, el infinito no es nada sin la unidad. Muchos son los ejemplos como el grano de mostaza (aunque lo discuten algunos tecnicistas pero al fin y al cabo de muchas semillas pequeñas salen cosas grandes). Todo el mensaje cristiano está en esa paradoja, un Dios que nace en lo poco pero que trae la más grande de las riquezas..., la salvación. hay que leer a Chesterton para mirar ese sentido cristiano como paradoja. 

    En la parábola de los talentos Jesús muestra cómo se confían ciertos bienes a unos trabajadores y aquí sale la frase bíblica que resume el mensaje aquí contenido:

    "Has sido fiel en lo poco, te confiaré lo mucho" (Mt. 25 vs 23)

    Esa es la inmensa, gigantesca, infinita cantidad de lo poco, de la unidad, lo pequeño o cuasi insignificante. Como los pitagóricos el sustento son las unidades (no los números por lo que ya expliqué) pero cada ente, por más insignificante que sea forma el todo. La sumatoria de cosas insignificantes es lo que produce la grandeza, la sorpresa, aquello invaluable. Sospecho que quizás esa es la lógica del Dios de los ejércitos, la adecuada valoración de lo que a los ojos del mundo es insignificante...

    El guayacán y sus flores.
    Un árbol que da tributo al cielo y cae humildemente a la tierra para que persista el ciclo de la belleza

    Chadwick, D. H., & Moffet, M. W. (Mayo de 2011). HERMANDAD DE TEJEDORAS. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (En Español) , 82-95.

    DANE - DEPARTAMENTO ADMINISTRATIVO NACIONAL DE ESTADÍSTICA. (25 de Noviembre de 2011). 'Producto Interno Bruto Departamental, a precios corrientes. '2000 - 2010pr. Miles de millones de pesos. Recuperado el 20 de Diciembre de 2011, de DANE: http://www.dane.gov.co/files/investigaciones/pib/departamentales/B_2005/PIB_Total_habitante_2010.xls

    Holmes, N. (Mayo de 2011). Población. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (En Español) .

    PAPPAS, T. (1996). LA MAGIA DE LA MATEMÁTICA. El orden oculto tras la naturaleza y el arte. (M. Rosenberg, Trad.) Madrid, España: Zugarto Ediciones S.A.

    PERELMAN, Y. (2002). Matemáticas recreativas. (F. Blanco, & C. Pérez, Trads.) Bogotá, Colombia: Planeta Colombiana S.A.


    TOMANIO, J., KLEBER, J., CASSIDY, M., WELLS, H., & BUZBY, J. (Julio de 2011). Cómo alimentar un planeta creciente. National Geographic , Sección Hoy (Inpaginado).

    TORO RESTREPO, D. (16 de Febrero de 2011). FINANZAS Y CUESTIÓN SOCIAL. REFLEXIONES SOBRE EL SISTEMA FINANCIERO. Recuperado el 20 de Diciembre de 2011, de EL ALISPRUZ: http://elalispruz.blogspot.com/2011/02/finanzas-y-cuestion-social-reflexiones.html

              By: silk        
    just discovered your blog and am looking forward to dig into it. first impression: I am a bit amused that you depict yourself with a plastic cup and at the same time talk about the health of the planet ;) all the best!
              Popular Science: "Are We Alone: Searching for Life in Space"         

    Popular Science (part of Time) is offering a supermarket glossy booklet “Are We Alone? Searching for Life in Space”. 96 pages.

    There are some highlights not seen before in other booklets like this.  One is an examination of the seven earth-like planets around the Trappist M-star 39 light years away, with planet E having the best chance for Earth-like temperatures, and an artist’s rendition of the surface of a moderately cold Planet F.

    There is some discussion of the earth-like planet around Proxima B. an M-star and the closest to Earth at 4.2 light years.

    There is a lot of attention to Europa and its subsurface ocean and likelihood of life, as well as Encedalus.  But Titan gets mentioned only in passing with the possibility of silicon-and-methane based life.  Ironically, my own Science Honor Society project in 1960  had speculated about silicon-based life, but I was hardly as accomplished as Jack Andraka (who came 53 years later, however, and that matters).  I had tried some experiments in my father’s workshop with an acetylene torch that I recall very little about now.

    There is also an article about the idea of aliens eating electricity, which has been the subject of horror movies before (“Kronos”).

    There is mention of the possibility of a Dyson Sphere around Tabby’s Star, as well as other theories, and a nice drawing of what it could look like.

    There’s also an essay about keeping Mars biologically clean. 

              "The Uninhabitable Earth", by David Wallace-Wells, long piece in New York Mag         

    David Wallace-Wells has a long article in New York Magazine July 9, 2017, “The Uninhabitable Earth”.

     The subtitles are “Famine, economic collapse, a sun that cooks us: What climate change could wreak, sooner than you think”, and “When will the planet be too hot for humans?  Much, much sooner than you think”.

    The author thinks that today’s teenagers will see the catastrophic collapse.

    One of the biggest dangers is sudden release of methane from permafrost.

    In some parts of the world, it will not be possible for humans to survive outside.  Their bodies just can cool fast enough.

    There’s also the astonishing statement that the spurt in standard of living in the West really occurred only once, with the industrial revolution.

    The author notes that it may be common throughout the Milky Way for civilizations to rise and fall.  They don’t survive long enough to have a good statistical chance of finding one another across light years.   In the video above, Harvard professor David Kipping notes that methane degrades quickly and says that Wallace could be overstating the methane risk.
    It may have been possible for Venus to host life more than a billion years ago, before a sudden catastrophe led to runaway greenhouse effects.  Both Venus and Mars may be sites of tragedies and we don’t know it yet.

    Nev Schulman ("Catflish") shared this in his Facebook feed tonight.

              NatGeo: "The Next Earth": what if mankind does have to find a new home?         

    National Geographic has a special coffee table issue “The Next Earth: What Our World Can Teach Us About Other Planets”, by Tom Jones and Ellen Stofan.   Somehow I'm reminded of the 1990s series "Earth II" with Anthony Saboto.

    There is a spectacular photo of Chixulub, Yucatan, Mexico, where a 6-mile long comet crashed 65 million years ago and changed the history of Earth and made us possible.

    There is a lot of comparable geology of Venus and Mars, both of which have volcanoes larger than any on Earth (even the Yellowstone Caldera).

    There is a pretty thorough exploration of what we know about possible life on Mars and in the ocean of Europa, and some discussion of Titan (I have a review of a BBC film about Titan today on my movie’s page).

    But the most interesting photo probably occurs on p. 106, an artist’s sketch of a desert landscape on an Earth-like planet in the Goldilocks zone around Proxima Centauri B, a red dwarf star, the closest to Earth.  The planet is probably tidally locked, which would make the habitable area of perpetual twilight and mild temperatures smaller. Tidally locked planets may have strong winds.

    Stephen Hawking is reported to have said that mankind has about 100 years to escape Earth (by drawings straws?)

              NatGeo magazine issue warns Trump on climate change, then describes artificial human evolution         

    The April 2017 issue of National Geographic has two very important items.

    One if “7 Climate Facts You Need to Know Now”, especially in view of President Trump’s pulling out of the Paris accords.

    NatGeo says that extreme weather events even now are related to climate change, and some animals are already going extinct.

    But the feature article is “The Next Human” by D. T. Max, with illustrations by Owen Freeman. The article traces how life in the desert, high altitudes, and later colder climates all affected human evolution. Human behavior may have favored development of starch metabolism.  Environments seemed to encourage a “thrifty gene” which leads to obesity in some native populations when exposed to processed foods, but less so in European populations because of centuries of food preparation technology. Sometimes European men became taller and kept more body hair partly because women regarded them as more sexually attractive, but this did not happen in warmer climates.

    There is a section called “Distant Future” regarding human manipulation of genetics, and particularly “Can Humans Adapt to the Red Planet?” On Mars, bodies would become tall and thin in lower gravity and hairless in an indoor controlled environment without dust.

              Popular Science: "The Future of Space Travel"         

    Popular Science offers a “Special Edition” mag “The Future of Space Travel”, 96 pages, from Times Books.

    There are many short illustrated articles in 5 parts, “Places We’re Going”, “How We’ll Get There”, “How We’ll Survive There”, “Other Tools of Exploration.”.

    There is a wide variety of interesting information. One fact is that Proxima Centauri, in a 3-star system that is the closest to the Earth, may have a rocky planet in the “GoldiLocks” zone. The shortest time that it is technologically possible to send a robotic probe on a photon light sail with laser accelerator would be about 20 years, which means it would take 24 years to get the photos and information back as to what the planet looks like.  It is about 8000 times as far to this star system as it is to Pluto.

    The other most interesting section is “The Everyday Life of an Astronaut”.  This would be very important for a voyage to Mars, for example.  It raises questions as to who would go:  what about childless or single people?  The long exposure to zero gravity is bound to cause physical deterioration, so this is not a place for pretty preppies.  Essential body functions are different.  You bathe with soap that does not have to be rinse off but stays on the skin to disintegrate. Without gravity, it is hard for your body to sense when it needs to urinate.
    There is an artist’s closeup of Europa on page 8, a closeup on Pluto on p. 16.  There is an article on space mining on p. 16.  I didn't see any discussion of Titan.

              [Update: Officially released today] Exciting news for CRPG fans, Planescape Torment will see an enhanced edition release on April 11th        

    Much like Baldur's Gate, Baldur's Gate II, and Icewind Dale have received enhanced edition ports to Android, classic CRPG Planetscape Torment is receiving the enhanced edition treatment as well. To be more specific, the developer Beamdog will be releasing Planescape: Torment Enhanced Edition as a cross-platform release on April 11th of this year.

    Read More

    [Update: Officially released today] Exciting news for CRPG fans, Planescape Torment will see an enhanced edition release on April 11th was written by the awesome team at Android Police.

              Lonely Planet Live        
    O Alessandro do N Possibilidades curtiu uma praia neste final de ano e de acordo com ele, uma das surpresas foi o conteúdo do Lonely Planet Live, disponivel para celulares Nokia S60 touch (N97, 5800), que possuia várias informações úteis sobre o seu destino.
    Veja o post dele aqui.
    Já o Rodrigo Toledo comentou que uma das falhas do programa é apenas mostrar as informações do local onde o usuário se encontra, isto é, se ele estiver no Rio de Janeiro não é possível acessar as informações de Salvador.
    Para ter estas informações dissociadas da localização atual, a dica é acessar o site móvel do Lonely Planet, que permite tanto a busca local baseada em um CEP específico ou a busca de atrações por cidade.

    Basta rolar a tela inicial para a seção "Explore the world" e navegar nos continentes/países ou então digitar o nome da cidade no campo de busca.
    Para acessar o site móvel Lonely Planet, acesse http://m.lonelyplanet.com ou use o QRcode abaixo.
              Fique sabendo os benefícios dos brinquedos         
    Se observarmos crianças se divertindo juntas ou se reparamos nos presentes de aniversário em uma festa infantil, poderemos na maioria das vezes, encontrar brinquedos feitos de metal ou plástico e movidos a pilha, brinquedos que a publicidade direcionada para crianças; que muitas vezes não tem nenhuma condição de avaliar se aquilo que está assistindo é uma montagem, ilustração ou simulação; vendeu para elas nos intervalos de seus desenhos prediletos. Elas acreditam que aquele boneco sairá correndo verdadeiramente, esse desejo gera uma ansiedade tremenda, além é claro de após ganhar o brinquedo uma frustração e desinteresse. Barulhentos e com vários botões, esses brinquedos andam, falam, cantam. A criança apenas observa.Escutamos com frequência adultos dizendo que algo é muito simples para determinada criança pois ela já mexe livremente num I Pad ou possui muitos brinquedos eletrônicos. Esse raciocínio é bastante equivocado e se continuado levará a uma geração de crianças que não desenvolvem os princípios mais interessantes de suas capacidades motoras, cognitivas, sociais e neurológicas. Crianças são simples. O brincar é simples, pois é natural.
    Que tal colocar as crianças no comando da brincadeira? Essa é a proposta dos brinquedos selecionados por nós. Crianças tranquilas e desenvolvendo seu potencial intelectual naturalmente. 
    Seguem 6 razões para você oferecer um brinquedo da Ninho para seu filhote:

    Diferentemente dos metais, dos plásticos, das pilhas e de outros acessórios eletrônicos, a madeira não polui. Assim, ao escolher um brinquedo de madeira, você está presenteando a criança duas vezes: com um belo passatempo e, mais importante, com um planeta menos poluído no futuro.

    Os brinquedos de madeira existem e resistem há séculos! Pedra e argila e madeira eram materiais usados para fabricar brinquedos desde a pré-história, como revelam achados arqueológicos. Além disso, esses brinquedos encantam crianças de geração a geração. Já imaginou o prazer dos avós ao entregar aos netinhos brinquedos que fizeram parte da sua própria infância? Ao atravessar gerações, os brinquedos de madeira carregam a história da família e preservam muitas memórias.
    Eles não são pintados com tintas que podem conter metais pesados, tão perigosos para a saúde do ser humano. Além disso, como a madeira é um material natural e não tóxico. Se acontecer um acidente em que a criança mastigue uma peça de madeira, por exemplo, os riscos serão bem menores do que ao engolir um pedaço de plástico colorido, uma pilha ou outro componente eletrônico.
    Com eles, a criança assume o comando e manuseia o brinquedo como quiser. Em vez de apertar botões, ela vai puxar, empurrar, construir prédios, inventar maneiras de brincar. Vai se sentir segura, autônoma, imaginativa e potencialmente aproveitada. A criança da Asas a imaginação e cria suas próprias brincadeiras em vez de assistir um brinquedo fazer tudo sozinho.
    Aqui na Ninho temos uma grande variedade de jogos, quebra-cabeças, peças para formar estruturas,  tijolinhos peças para montar caminhões e carrinhos e muitos outros. O aprendizado acontece naturalmente, da forma mais gostosa: A criança se desenvolve brincando.

    Com os brinquedos da Ninho, o protagonismo é da crianças. O som de uma criança brincando com brinquedos escolhidos por nós é de risadas e de vozes de verdade. Permitindo um ambiente mais tranquilo e um brincar harmonizado com as tarefas domésticas.

              Encontro Grupo Orion - Educação Ativa        

    Dias 14 e 15 de agosto - 19 as 21 h - Contribuição consciente - Quintal da Ninho
    Com Margarita Valencia, Esperanza Chacon e Edgar Espinosa (Equador)

    É hoje comprovado que uma pessoa amada e respeitada, nas suas verdadeiras necessidades em cada uma de suas etapas de desenvolvimento, se tornará um adulto que convive em paz e respeito consigo mesmo, com seus iguais e com a natureza, se tornando co-construtor de um planeta com as mesmas características.
    Estes sãos os parâmetros que norteiam a educação ativa, uma perspectiva sobre a educação que nos permite construir uma vida em harmonia com as nossas crianças e adolescentes. Esta vertente se baseia em etapas sobre o desenvolvimento do ser humano realizadas por Jeanne Piaget e no conceito de “autopoyesis” do Humberto Maturama, dentre outros, que ressalta que na vida/natureza jamais existem relações instrutivas.
    Esta palestra apresentará um conteúdo sobre a Educação Ativa como Alternativa de Convivência no Amor e Respeito entre Adultos e Crianças, , como uma oportunidade de aprofundar estes e outros elementos básicos de respeito aos processos de vida e acompanhamento adequado ao crescimento da criança e o adolescente, incorporando também insumos da vivencia de uma escola referencia mundial na área, em Equador: a escola Pestalozzi.

    Serão também apresentados elementos importantes para resolver os inúmeros desafios no lar e na escola, como os de criar ambientes que satisfaçam as necessidades individuais de acordo com a idade e permitir a autonomia necessária para que a aprendizagem se faça de dentro para fora.

              +++ Universum +++ - Raumsonde "Juno" zeigt erste Bilder vom Großen Roten Fleck des Jupiter        
    Nach dem Überflug der US-Forschungssonde "Juno" über den Großen Roten Fleck des Jupiter hat die Raumfahrbehörde Nasa erste Bilder des gewaltigen Wirbelsturms auf dem Gasplaneten veröffentlicht.
              +++ Universum +++ - Forscher finden kleinsten je entdeckten Stern        
    Wie klein können Sterne sein? In einer Entfernung von 600 Lichtjahren haben Forscher den neuen Rekordhalter entdeckt: Er ist kaum größer als der Planet Saturn - doch seine Schwerkraft ist enorm.
              +++ Universum +++ - Mars ist wohl unbewohnbar        
    Gibt es Leben auf dem Mars? Irdische Bakterien zumindest fühlen sich auf dem Roten Planeten nicht besonders wohl. Denn im Boden unseres Nachbarplaneten befinden sich wirkungsvolle antibakterielle Stoffe.
              +++ Universum +++ - Milchstraße besitzt Milliarden gescheiterte Sterne        
    Zu groß für einen Planeten, zu klein für einen leuchtenden Stern - das sind Braune Zwerge. In der Milchstraße gibt es viel mehr davon als bisher angenommen.
              +++ Universum +++ - "Kepler" entdeckt zehn neue erdähnliche Planeten        
    Mit dem Weltraumteleskop "Kepler" haben Wissenschaftler der US-Raumfahrtbehörde Nasa mehr als 200 mögliche neue Planeten erspäht. Von den insgesamt 219 sogenannten Exoplaneten seien 10 fast so groß wie die Erde und könnten möglicherweise die Voraussetzungen für Leben bieten.
              +++ Universum +++ - Nasa will erstmals Sonde zur Sonne schicken        
    Zu allen Planeten unseres Sonnensystems hat die Nasa schon Sonden geschickt, auf dem Mond sind Astronauten gelandet - aber zur Sonne ist noch nie eine Mission geschickt worden. Das soll sich im kommenden Jahr ändern.
              +++ Universum +++ - Neuer Exoplanet entdeckt: "Eiskugel" ist so schwer wie die Erde        
    Ein neuentdeckter Planet ist genauso schwer wie die Erde und dreht sich im selben Abstand um seinen Stern wie unser blauer Planet um die Sonne. Bedingungen für Leben sind auf ihm jedoch nicht vorhanden.
              Nur 40 Lichtjahre entfernt - Trabant LHS 1140b: Forscher finden "Super-Erde", auf der fremdes Leben möglich ist        
    In unserer galaktischen Nachbarschaft entdeckten Astronomen schon einige Planeten. Jetzt fanden Himmelsforscher einen Trabanten, der künftig der beste Ort sein dürfte, um außerhalb des Sonnensystems nach Hinweisen auf fremde Lebensformen zu suchen.Von Focus Magazin-Autor Michael Odenwald
              +++ Universum +++ - Astronomen sichten neue "Super-Erde": Ist dort Leben möglich?        
    Immer wieder sorgen neue Exoplaneten für Aufregung, auf denen Leben möglich sein könnte. Jetzt legen Astronomen nach. Eine erstmals erspähte "Super-Erde" könnte sich nach Ansicht ihrer Entdecker als aussichtsreichster Ort für die Suche nach Leben jenseits unseres Sonnensystems entpuppen. Der Exoplanet kreist rund 40 Lichtjahre von unserer Erde entfernt um den roten Zwergstern LHS 1140.
              +++ Universum +++ - Raumsonde "Cassini" entdeckt mögliche Grundlage für Leben auf Saturn-Mond         
    Wissenschaftler haben erstmals eine Atmosphäre bei einem etwa erdgroßen Planeten außerhalb des Sonnensystems nachgewiesen. Die Entdeckung sei ein "wichtiger Schritt" bei der Suche nach außerirdischem Leben, schrieben die Forscher bei der Veröffentlichung der neuen Erkenntnisse im "Astronomical Journal".
              +++ Universum +++ - Forscher weisen Atmosphäre auf GJ 1132b nach         
    Wissenschaftler haben erstmals eine Atmosphäre bei einem etwa erdgroßen Planeten außerhalb des Sonnensystems nachgewiesen. Die Entdeckung sei ein "wichtiger Schritt" bei der Suche nach außerirdischem Leben, schrieben die Forscher bei der Veröffentlichung der neuen Erkenntnisse im "Astronomical Journal".
              +++ Universum +++ - Forscher: Pluto ist doch ein Planet – plus 100 weitere Himmelskörper        
    Seit dem Jahr 2006 ist Pluto kein Planet mehr. Die Internationale Astronomische Union einigte sich nach vielen Diskussionen auf eine strenge Definition von „Planet“, die Pluto zum Zwergplaneten degradierte. Doch einigen Forschern passt das nicht, sie wollen das ganze Sonnensystem umkrempeln.
              Moon’s magnetic field lasted twice as long as we thought it did        
    Lunar rock shows the moon’s magnetic field lasted a billion years longer than we thought, which may help us understand how planets keep their protective fields
              Mars’s surface hosts millions of towering dust devils every day        
    The Red Planet has 10 times as many dust devils as we thought, which stir up dust that warms the planet and could be dangerous for future Mars explorers
              Old Scientist: How to make a car chase really boring        
    Cars hurt the planet in many ways, but the New Scientist archives for August reveal one that may be news to you. Plus a dull response to criminals’ vehicles
              Giant loner asteroids suggest baby planets formed quickly        
    The oldest intact asteroids hint that planets didn’t grow by slowly gathering small space rocks, but came from rapidly collapsing dust
              Space cucumbers may help plants grow better water-seeking roots        
    Away from Earth’s gravity, cucumber roots head towards water. Mimicking that moisture-seeking behaviour on our planet could help plants adapt to drought
              NASA’s planetary protection officer will defend Mars, not Earth        
    A NASA job advert has made for excited headlines, but the agency isn’t hiring someone to protect us from aliens – it wants someone to protect alien microbes from us
              Enormous exoplanet has an atmosphere hot enough to boil iron        
    A planet nearly double the size of Jupiter and 900 light years away has a glowing stratosphere and an atmosphere hot enough that iron there exists as a vapour
              Boa Esperança        
    Enquanto estou aqui, aproveitando minhas férias, não parei de ler as notícias, na maioria ruins, que o Brasil e também o mundo têm produzido. É assustador e a vontade é de permanecer pra sempre aqui nesse canto ainda preservado do planeta Terra. Mas como dizia Guimarães Rosa, o que a vida quer de nós é […]
              Mistério do planeta        
    Vou mostrando como sou E vou sendo como posso, Jogando meu corpo no mundo, Andando por todos os cantos E pela lei natural dos encontros Eu deixo e recebo um tanto E passo aos olhos nus Ou vestidos de lunetas, Passado, presente, Participo sendo o mistério do planeta Antonio Pires, Luis Galvao Hoje fiz um […]
              Donegal is calling me...        
    Saturday was such a beautiful day. Warm, sunny but there was a chilly breeze at times. Spring is most definitely here with warmer weather forecast for this week.

    OH and I had a rummage in Rushden and we also visited Emmaeus in Carlton on Saturday. Emmaeus is a charity for homeless people and is international in its scope. At Emmaeus they do furniture; household goods, electrical items, antiques and vintage items, bikes, garden equipment, clothes, shoes, bags. jewellery, craft materials, toys, books, DVDs, CDs and LPs. I bought a bangle and a ring, a small terrarium for plants, 2 succulent plants and a cafetiere for my daughter who's been after a small one for ages. I spent 6.50 in total.

    This is how I started out. I soon discarded the scarf and gloves - too warm!

    Everything except the handbag is charity shopped. Trousers from Monsoon; felted wool jacket by Paraphase; bought in the Donkey Sanctuary Charity shop in Ballyboffey in Donegal. Apart from the lovely embroidery on the jacket; it has golden bugle beads up near the neckline. It cost 10 euros, but I love this jacket and need to wear it more often. Boots from Red Cross shop winter 2015; for 1.99.

    I was getting a bit of practice in with my selfie stick. I'm off to Donegal on the 4th April for two weeks and OH won't be out for the first 8 days I'm there, so I'll have to take my own OOTD photos!

    The floral top is from the Red Cross 1.00 rail and the cardigan was bought in Barnardo's in Golders Green for 1.99.

    Both scarves charity shopped; watch, necklace, ring and bangles charity shopped. Earrings; a present from my friend Natalie in Cambridge. See my nice, clean, shiny kitchen? 4.5 hours it took me on Friday; my arms were aching on Saturday.

    In Rushden I bought a grey dress by East for 4.00 in the Salvation Army. I may not get any wear out of it now but it will be useful for next autumn and winter. East clothing is very expensive so I had to snap it up. I also bought a small wool picnic/lap blanket for 1.00; this will be taken to the caravan as it can be very chilly in the evenings. I also bought a lovely velvet patterned top in Cancer Research for 3.00. All in all a good day's rummaging. OH did well, too.

    I got up early on Sunday and walked 6.8 miles. With Wednesday's 6.7 miles my total for this week was 13.5 miles - 6.5 miles short of my target of 20 miles.

    Sunday afternoon was tea at the Swan Hotel in Bedford courtesy of my wonderful daughter. It was delicious and I was so stuffed at the end of it.

    This is the African print skirt I bought at the 3:16 charity shop last week for 3.50. The top is by Cotton Traders and the jacket is by Country Casuals; both charity shopped at he Red Cross for 1.99.

    Headscarf and all jewellery charity shopped. Boots; Christmas 2016 present from daughter.

    On Monday there was no Red Cross volunteering. The manager had rung me on Friday to say there was a flood in the shop from a leak upstairs and that the shop would be closed until Wednesday. It felt really strange not going into the shop but I had errands to run in town so walked past the shop anyway. There were buckets everywhere catching the drips! There was also what looked like a 1970s maxi dress on the model in the window! I decided to go back on Wednesday and see if it was my size.

     I had plans to go for a walk in the afternoon but the weather was so horrible I didn't bother. Cold and windy and grey...

    On Tuesday I was at the Food Bank and in the afternoon I walked 8.25 miles. It was a good day; sunny and warm but with a cold breeze and eventually the clouds got darker and it rained a little.

    Everything charity shopped except the loafers bought on sale at Tesco's outlet shop about 3 years ago.

    Earrings; a present from my friend Natalie. All other jewellery charity shopped.

    On Wednesday afternoon I went back to the Red Cross; wouldn't you flipping know it they had sold the dress from the window! I bought a brown patterned tunic and a Planet summer jacket in bright orange as a consolation prize; both 1.99 each. In the morning I walked with the group from Great Denham; we walked 7 miles and it was a a very pleasant walk. As we finished back in Great Denham I had a quick browse in Barnardo's and bought a white linen shift dress and a pair of navy blue leather loafers - both 99p each.

    It was such a gorgeous day on Thursday! It registered 21.5 degrees centigrade on my car barometer.  It felt like a summer's day so I dug a summer dress out of the chest where I store my summer clothes. I bought this dress which is by Studio from a 1.00/99p sale rail somewhere at the end of last summer when it was too late wear it, so this is its first outing.

    The jacket was one of the first things I bought at the Guildhouse when I started there; it's linen and made by an Italian company. I paid 3.50 for it. I wore tights and a long slip underneath the dress and the boots were a Christmas 2016 present from my daughter.

    Headscarf, bangles, necklace and watch all charity shopped. Earrings are from Jamaica and are made of copper in the shape of steel pans...present from OH.

    On Friday I went on a bus walk with the Ramblers from Kempston via Wootton and Bromham. We walked 8.75 miles culminating with tea and cake at Bromham Mill. The best way to finish any walk I think!  The weather was fine. By the time I got home I had to go straight to collect the grandchildren from school so stayed in my walking gear. My walking total this week was 24 miles over 3 walks.

    On Saturday I went to see my son and wore this:

    Everything is charity shopped except the loafers which were bought from the Tesco outlet sale about three years ago.

    Necklace was a present from my youngest Grandson's dad some years ago. All other jewellery charity shopped.

    I shall spend Sunday packing for Ireland; I've had the car checked, got my euros and the ferry's been booked for ages. I shall be taking a break from blogging and when I get back my lovely cousin, Linda is coming to stay with me. It will be her first visit to England and guess what she wants to do? She wants to come charity shopping! That can be arranged with no difficulty...

    I hope you all have a lovely Easter and if you don't celebrate Easter that you at least get a nice break. Take care everyone and see you on the other side!

              Manual para ser una Chica del Bosque (aunque vivas en la ciudad)        
    Antes de empezar, quiero deciros que blogspot no me deja comentar en casi ningún blog, estoy buscando por internet como solucionar el problema, si a alguien le pasa lo mismo o sabe como solucionarlo, le estaría muy agradecida si me ayudara...

    Somos muchas.
    Muchas las que hemos nacido y vivimos en la ciudad o en el pueblo y las que sin embargo sentimos que nuestro corazón pertenece a los Bosques. Como puede una mujer que vive una vida normal, en la ciudad, que se levanta para trabajar en una oficina, tener ese algo de la magia de los bosques?

    En Japón existen las Mori Girls, que traducido significan Chicas del Bosque que viviendo en la ciudad sus vidas normales han cambiado su estilo de vida, su manera de sentir, de vestir para transformarlas en las que serían si ellas vivieran en el bosque.

    He recogido esa información de muchas fuentes y he preparado este pequeño compendio en español ya que hasta ahora no existe para inspiraros a aquellas que como yo tienen su alma en un lugar más verde, más salvaje y hermoso... el Bosque.
    Hay algunas cosas de las que he leído que no me han gustado, muchas chicas se toman lo de ser una Chica del Bosque como una moda, una manera de vestir, entre las cosas que he leído está por ejemplo "tener una constitución delgada" cosa que me ha dejado con la boca abierta, quiero decir acaso el sentirse del Bosque tiene que ver con el peso? JAMAS!! Eso está en el corazón. Quisiera aclarar que aunque escriba este artículo dando una serie de parámetros es por darle un aspecto práctico y a la vez juguetón, pero el Bosque está en nuestro corazón :)
    Las Chicas del Bosque viven su vida como si se tratara de un cuento de Hadas, ¿como vivirías con un estado de ánimo totalmente apacible?

    Disfrutando al ver como pasas de una a otra estación?
    Quizá preparando maravillosas meriendas, tomando el té y cocinando deliciosos pasteles...
    Compra tu Té online AQUÍ
    Paseando en bicicleta o paseando, siempre con una cámara de fotos en la mano...

    Leyendo libros repletos de historias  ymaravillosas ilustraciones... Conoceis a Los Duendes del Reloj?  es un blog lleno de historias con el bosque y las Hadas como protagonistas...

    Y Conoceis a algunas de las maravillosas cuentacuentos de nuestro país?... podeis escuchar los preciosos cuentos de Lua Seomún en su blog lleno de Magia e historias que erizan la piel ...También me fascina la magia de Cris Purrusalda, es alimento para el corazón...
    Aprendiendo de la Naturaleza, cultivando un pequeño jardín y /o huerto en el balcón.
    Coleccionando cosas bonitas , cajas de música, bolas de nieve, cuentos, fotografías ¿qué es lo que te gusta, qué te hace sonreír? colecciónalo y sé feliz!! ^:^
    Viviendo sencillamente, de manera natural....
    Qué música te inspira el bosque? Quizá Agnes Obel?

    Descubre música distinta... Priscilla Hernández, Kokia o Joanna Newsom pueden transportarte muy muy lejos ;)

    Si vivieras en el Bosque no harías todo lo que pudieras tú misma? Aprenderías a tejer y harías este otoño tu propia bufanda?

    O harías tus propias conservas?


    Las Mujeres del Bosque se sienten de maravilla en las tiendas de decoración y de menaje, entre hermosas tazas, teteras, manteles y cortinas...

    También en las tiendas vintage y de antigüedades...
    busca en su bolsillo seguro que encuentras un pequeño reloj...
    Y sobretodo disfruta la vida y de este maravilloso planeta en que vivimos, está lleno de maravillas ocultas, disfruta de cada pequeño momento: qué bien huele el café! como te estremeces bajo la ducha cuando el agua corre por tu espalda!! que bien saben los tomates!

    Nuestro mundo está lleno de maravillas....

    El cabello natural, corto, largo, liso o rizado pero natural, adornado con un lazo o una diadema...arreglos de mariposas, fresas o cerezasquedarán maravillosos también... los flequillos cortitos quedan muy de cuento, y te hacen sentir protagonista de una maravillosa historia...
    Aquí teneis unas fotografías con tutoriales para peinaros como auténticas Hadas del Bosque



    Lo importante es que sea todo natural y mágico a la vez...
    Maquillaje natural, o ausencia de él, pero quedan tan de cuento las mejillas sonrosadas ^:^ tal vez algo de colorete rosa?

    Las uñas , mejor cortitas que largas, cómo puedes recoger setas y flores con las uñas largas?

    Las faldas y vestidos son la ropa de cada día...

    Vestir en los preciosos colores de la tierra, ocres, marrones, blancos,  verdes...y el precioso burdeos, hacen sentir y sientan tan bien!!

    Las Mujeres del Bosque llevan sin duda capitas, caperuzas y ponchos.

    Guardan sus pertenencias en bolsos de piel (yo usaré imitación ^:^)

    Como buena mujer de los bosques, ama los animales y por tanto también los motivos de animales en la ropa: erizos, ciervos, mapaches, osos....

    Lo mismo que los motivos de dulces y pasteles, ya que la Mujer del Bosque se refugia en su cabaña al caer la tarde para cocinar sus maravillosas tartas!!!

    AQUÍ teneis 50 patrones de delantales!!!

    Los motivos de flores tanto retro como liberty nos bendicen con las virtudes y la energía de la esencia de los bosques.

    La Mujer del Bosque como huele? a flores? a Bayas? a cerezas? Como hueles?

    Los leotardos y leggings son superconfortables y divertidos
    Teneis muchas más ideas ojeando la revista Spoon

    Descargadla gratis AQUI (ABRIL 2011)
    AQUÍ (FEBRERO 2011)

    Ojalá os haya gustado ^:^yo he aprendido mucho mientras buscaba la información y escribía... muchas cosas se me han quedado en el tintero... pero ya se estaba alargando mucho ^:^
    En mi  nuevo blog: Oh! My Windy Woods! teneis cositas para Mujeres del Bosque, hace poco que la abrí así que está un poco vacía, pero poco a poco espero llenarla de musgo magia, erizos y luciérnagas .... De momento teneis algunas cositas nuevas que he hecho estos días, como las Mariposas para Orejas...

    Y pequeñas criaturas mágicas...

    Estais invitadas a tomar un te!!

    Como siempre me teneis aquí : tiendapattyrain@gmail.com

              Mi Bosque del Viento        
    A veces las hadas desaparecen y... pasan un tiempo perdidas entre los brillos de las gotas de lluvia ,que reflejan los colores de las flores. A veces las hadas tienen que esconderse para que sus alas vuelvan a brillar....
    Eso pasa.
    Les pasa a las hadas y nos pasa a las mujeres que somos también en parte, hadas.
    Yo he necesitado un tiempo, me perdi entre las gotas de lluvia, como las hadas, y he dormido y comido y olvidado cosas y aprehendido otras... he volado lejos, entre montañas, sobre y bajo los ríos, me he sentado en las nubes y las he mojado en té...he pensado y soñado y sobretodo...
     He decidido cosas.
    Porque en mi vuelo descubrí un bosque.
    Mejor dicho: Bosque, sí, así con mayúcula capital

    Porque cuando me senté en su lecho de tierno musgo, supe que había llegado a mi Casa...me sentí protegida y  poco a poco, piedra a piedra, he construído una cabaña allí... se llama El Bosque del Viento y mi cabaña se encuentra  en su zona más al Norte. Me escondí aquí hace ya un tiempo.  He descubierto que, este es el único lugar en que me siento protegida de los terrores del mundo. Aquí corro libre con el viento en mis oídos, me baño en los lagos y me adorno con mariposas. Mis amigos son los ciervos, los mapaches, y los tiernísimos erizos...casi cada tarde celebramos una merienda en mi cabaña ,,nos reunimos los animales, las hadas y yo.. alrededor de tazas de chocolate y  té... y entre risas, a la luz de las velas soñamos con encontrar un modo de compartir con el mundo las maravillas que contemplamos en este, nuestro Bosque del Viento. Cosemos, recortamos, pintamos,...Yo con mis manos, otros con fuertes garras, o minúsculas patitas... otros con sus picos de colores imposibles,...y jugamos a tratar de plasmar la belleza que aquí nos rodea para compartirla con el resto del planeta.

    Oh !My Windy Woods! será mi nuevo blog dedicado solo al craft... por favor pasad a tomar un té a mí mesa. ^:^

    Y este blog, Patty Rain, seguirá siendo siempre mi blog de escribir y compartir... tutoriales, ideas, recetas y momentos...

    Os he echado de menos. ;D

              La mentira es la verdad, en otro lado de la realidad        
    Dejandome acunar por las palabras de Philippe Lechermeier no puedo dejar de sonreír. Mi imaginación vuela, me hace reflexionar sobre la belleza de tantas cosas que vemos cada día y que tantas veces pasa desapercibida.

    “cambiaré mi modo de ver las cosas!!” me digo. “Yo Quiero ver el mundo como lo ve Philippe!”

    -Aprende,-me dice en mi cabeza, la belleza está en casi todo si tu corazón es algo poeta:

    Los charcos son los espejos de las aves

    Las bailarinas son jóvenes bellas
    que se olvidaron que fueron estrellas

    Los ríos las lágrimas de los sauces llorones

    Las mariquitas son los botones de los trajes de las hadas.
    Se echan a volar cuando la fiesta se acaba

    Si encuentras una piedra plana
    es una invitación que te dice
    ¿juegas a las chapas?

    Un perfume es un recuerdo de una flor de otro tiempo

    Las gotas de rocío son utilizadas
    para que se hagan collares las hadas

    La Tierra es una pelota que un gigante lanzó
    subió al cielo y nunca bajó

    La nieve es polvo de estrellas
    la lluvia, lágrimas de la Luna

    Mentir es decir la verdad
    desde el otro lado de la realidad.

    Las arañas son las pesadillas
    que aún están en nuestra mesilla...


    Y Philippe sigue y sigue, recoloreando la imagen que veo al otro lado de la ventana....

    Y me planteo si la auténtica magia no será esto, ver el mundo con otro corazón, buscando la poesía que se esconde en los rincones.

    Quizá Caperucita, se extravió del camino a casa de su abuela porque empezó a jugar a “busca la poesía” y quizá, sólo quizá, el tortuoso camino que se adentraba en el bosque le pareció más inspirador... y en el camino se escondía el Lobo Feroz. Pero esta Caperucita, era muy valiente y, inspirada por su búsqueda de poesía, jugó con el Lobo como si fuera un Chihuahua Mexicano.

    Esta Caperucita valiente ilustra esta camiseta que le he hecho a mi preciosa Janil (ojalá te guste) la he hecho con mucho cariño pues quiero a Janil de una manera muy especial pues, ella al igual que esta Caperucita no lucha contra el Lobo, sino que ayuda a todos sus hermanos, los perros con todas sus fuerzas... siempre pienso que si todos tuviésemos la iniciativa que ella tiene, y su valentía el mundo sería mejor.

    (aprovecho para dejar en enlace a la subasta solidaria que ella organiza aquí, y a su precioso blog que debeis visitar!!)

    La camiseta está pintada a mano y cosida tipo collage.

    Le he hecho una caperuza roja y dos bolsillos con botones del mismo color. ^:^


    Volviendo al hilo de nuestra historia, el caso es que tras poesías y aventuras y con su cesta repleta de flores brillantes y hojas tiernas, se sintió tan inspirada Caperucita, tan distinto veía ahora el mundo que pensó:

    “Tan bellas son las hojas recogidas en mi cesto
    que de mí quiero que formen parte
    Si belleza como, belleza seré.


    ¿qué comes, Caperucita?
    Me sonríe traviesa para responder:
    ¿Qué se come en los cuentos de Hadas?
    Has de saber que,
    si como de un cuento de hadas se tratase, tú cocinas
    parte de su magia en ti vivirá.

    Vente conmigo, hay una cosa que quiero mostrarte:

    HOJAS CREPITANTES DE CAPERUCITA (o La merendola de las Hadas)


    20 hojas nuevas de tilo u hojas tiernas de parra.
    50 grs de mantequilla
    Azúcar glas ( en el súper)

    Caperucita encendió el horno a 180 grados. Derritió la mantequilla en una olla pequeña a fuego muyyyyy suave.
    Después abrió el grifo y lavo con infinito amor las tiernas hojas.
    Sujetándolas por el rabito, las pasó una a una por la mantequilla derretida, y después las fue colocando en la bandeja del horno, unas junto a otras.
    Solo tuvo que tenerlas dos minutitos, ya quedaron rígidas, las colocó en un plato y las espolvoreó con azúcar glas....


    Y es que la belleza y la poesía se esconden en palabras, en insectos, en actos, en corazones, en canciones y en la manera de hacer las cosas... en comer hojas, en pedorretas en la tripa, en un caminito de baba de caracol (AY...cómo brilla al sol!!)

    Y ahora sí, gracias Philippe, me has convencido, la poesía buscaré.

    Y para demostrarlo...

    Un cuaderno compraré, donde solo cosas hermosas guardaré, frases, poesías, dibujos y fotografías... hacer un mapa de tu propio planeta, llamó alguien cuyo nombre no recuerdo a este proyecto.... puedes perderte entre unas páginas que son solo para ti, paisajes de ensueño, muebles de un tiempo pasado, flores cercanas y lejanas, caricias para el alma, creando un collage que será como un bálsamo cuando te sientas triste y una guía que como una estrella te enseñará cómo es tu corazón para decirte cual es la mejor decisión...

    Y ahora tan solo  me resta presentar, esta nueva camada de dragones que acaba de llegar.
    Han nacido antesdeayer y son más pequeñitos que un alfiler.
    En forma de anillo quisieron vivir, para acompañarte a donde quieras tú ir.

    Si uno de ellos quieres adoptar, no lo dudes muy feliz se sentirá!
    Y para más información, sólo elige y escribeme una linea o aun montón!!
    ( aftertherain.shop@gmail.com )

    Todos de oro tienen la piel, pequeños cristales y el corazón de papel:

    Baby Dragon de las Cuevas de Oro (1- sin bautizar, aun es muy pequeñito!)
    Baby Dragon de las Cuevas de Oro 2

    Baby Dragon de las Cuevas del Oro 3

     con una rima me despido...

    Si das recibes
    si recibes debes dar,
    Y como tú me has leído
    ahora a mí me debe tocar!!!!!!!!...

    Voy a darme un paseo por vuestros bloggs!!!

    gracias por la visita!!!


              Osiris la 9éme planète        

    Osiris la 9éme planète Streaming VF HD Titre Similaire : The Osiris Child Titre Original : Science Fiction Volume One: The Osiris Child

    Cet article Osiris la 9éme planète est apparu en premier sur Site de streaming gratuit vf et vostfr.

              How Plastic We've Become        

    Our bodies carry residues of kitchen plastics

    Food for Thought

    In the 1967 film classic The Graduate, a businessman corners Benjamin Braddock at a cocktail party and gives him a bit of career advice. "Just one word…plastics."

    Although Benjamin didn't heed that recommendation, plenty of other young graduates did. Today, the planet is awash in products spawned by the plastics industry. Residues of plastics have become ubiquitous in the environment—and in our bodies.

    A federal government study now reports that bisphenol A (BPA)—the building block of one of the most widely used plastics—laces the bodies of the vast majority of U.S. residents young and old.

    Manufacturers link BPA molecules into long chains, called polymers, to make polycarbonate plastics. All of those clear, brittle plastics used in baby bottles, food ware, and small kitchen appliances (like food-processor bowls) are made from polycarbonates. BPA-based resins also line the interiors of most food, beer, and soft-drink cans. With use and heating, polycarbonates can break down, leaching BPA into the materials they contact. Such as foods.

    And that could be bad if what happens in laboratory animals also happens in people, because studies in rodents show that BPA can trigger a host of harmful changes, from reproductive havoc to impaired blood-sugar control and obesity (SN: 9/29/07, p. 202).

    For the new study, scientists analyzed urine from some 2,500 people who had been recruited between 2003 and 2004 for the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES). Roughly 92 percent of the individuals hosted measurable amounts of BPA, according to a report in the January Environmental Health Perspectives. It's the first study to measure the pollutant in a representative cross-section of the U.S. population.

    Typically, only small traces of BPA turned up, concentrations of a few parts per billion in urine, note chemist Antonia M. Calafat and her colleagues at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, with hormone-mimicking agents like BPA, even tiny exposures can have notable impacts.

    Overall, concentrations measured by Calafat's team were substantially higher than those that have triggered disease, birth defects, and more in exposed animals, notes Frederick S. vom Saal, a University of Missouri-Columbia biologist who has been probing the toxicology of BPA for more than 15 years.

    The BPA industry describes things differently. Although Calafat's team reported urine concentrations of BPA, in fact they assayed a breakdown product—the compound by which BPA is excreted, notes Steven G. Hentges of the American Chemistry Council's Polycarbonate/BPA Global Group. As such, he argues, "this does not mean that BPA itself is present in the body or in urine."

    On the other hand, few people have direct exposure to the breakdown product.

    Hentges' group estimates that the daily BPA intake needed to create urine concentrations reported by the CDC scientists should be in the neighborhood of 50 nanograms per kilogram of bodyweight—or one millionth of an amount at which "no adverse effects" were measured in multi-generation animal studies. In other words, Hentges says, this suggests "a very large margin of safety."

    No way, counters vom Saal. If one applies the ratio of BPA intake to excreted values in hosts of published animal studies, concentrations just reported by CDC suggest that the daily intake of most Americans is actually closer to 100 micrograms (µg) per kilogram bodyweight, he says—or some 1,000-fold higher than the industry figure.

    Clearly, there are big differences of opinion and interpretation. And a lot may rest on who's right.

    Globally, chemical manufacturers produce an estimated 2.8 million tons of BPA each year. The material goes into a broad range of products, many used in and around the home. BPA also serves as the basis of dental sealants, which are resins applied to the teeth of children to protect their pearly whites from cavities (SN: 4/6/96, p. 214). The industry, therefore, has a strong economic interest in seeing that the market for BPA-based products doesn't become eroded by public concerns over the chemical.

    And that could happen. About 2 years after a Japanese research team showed that BPA leached out of baby bottles and plastic food ware (see What's Coming Out of Baby's Bottle?), manufacturers of those consumer products voluntarily found BPA substitutes for use in food cans. Some 2 years after that, a different group of Japanese scientists measured concentrations of BPA residues in the urine of college students. About half of the samples came from before the switch, the rest from after the period when BPA was removed from food cans.

    By comparing urine values from the two time periods, the researchers showed that BPA residues were much lower—down by at least 50 percent—after Japanese manufacturers had eliminated BPA from the lining of food cans.

    Concludes vom Saal, in light of the new CDC data and a growing body of animal data implicating even low-dose BPA exposures with the potential to cause harm, "the most logical thing" for the United States to do would be to follow in Japan's footsteps and "get this stuff [BPA] out of our food."

    Kids appear most exposed

    Overall, men tend to have statistically lower concentrations of BPA than women, the NHANES data indicate. But the big difference, Calafat says, traces to age. "Children had higher concentrations than adolescents, and they in turn had higher levels than adults," she told Science News Online.

    This decreasing body burden with older age "is something we have seen with some other nonpersistent chemicals," Calafat notes—such as phthalates, another class of plasticizers.

    The spread between the average BPA concentration that her team measured in children 6 to 11 years old (4.5 µg/liter) and adults (2.5 µg/L) doesn't look like much, but proved reliably different.

    The open question is why adults tended to excrete only 55 percent as much BPA. It could mean children have higher exposures, she posits, or perhaps that they break it down less efficiently. "We really need to do more research to be able to answer that question."

    Among other differences that emerged in the NHANES analysis: urine residues of BPA decreased with increasing household income and varied somewhat with ethnicity (with Mexican-Americans having the lowest average values, blacks the highest, and white's values in between).

    There was also a time-of-day difference, with urine values for any given group tending to be highest in the evening, lowest in the afternoon, and midway between those in the morning. Since BPA's half-life in the body is only about 6 hours, that temporal variation in the chemical's excretion would be consistent with food as a major source of exposure, the CDC scientists note.

    In the current NHANES paper, BPA samples were collected only once from each recruit. However, in a paper due to come out in the February Environmental Health Perspectives, Calafat and colleagues from several other institutions looked at how BPA excretion varied over a 2-year span among 82 individuals—men and women—seen at a fertility clinic in Boston.

    In contrast to the NHANES data, the upcoming report shows that men tended to have somewhat higher BPA concentrations than women. Then again both groups had only about one-quarter the concentration typical of Americans.

    The big difference in the Boston group emerged among the 10 women who ultimately became pregnant. Their BPA excretion increased 33 percent during pregnancy. Owing to the small number of participants in this subset of the study population, the pregnancy-associated change was not statistically significant. However, the researchers report, these are the first data to look for changes during pregnancy and ultimately determining whether some feature of pregnancy—such as a change in diet or metabolism of BPA—really alters body concentrations of the pollutant could be important. It could point to whether the fetus faces an unexpectedly high exposure to the pollutant.

    If it does, the fetus could face a double whammy: Not only would exposures be higher during this period of organ and neural development, but rates of detoxification also would be diminished, vom Saal says.

    Indeed, in a separate study, one due to be published soon in Reproductive Toxicology, his team administered BPA by ingestion or by injection to 3-day-old mice. Either way, the BPA exposure resulted in comparable BPA concentrations in blood.

    What's more, that study found, per unit of BPA delivered, blood values in the newborns were "markedly higher" than other studies have reported for adult rodents exposed to the chemical. And that makes sense, vom Saal says, because the enzyme needed to break BPA down and lead to its excretion is only a tenth as active in babies as in adults. That's true in the mouse, he says, in the rat—and, according to some preliminary data, in humans.

    Vom Saal contends that since studies have shown BPA exhibits potent hormonelike activity in human cells at the parts-per-trillion level, and since the new CDC study finds that most people are continually exposed to concentrations well above the parts-per-trillion ballpark, it's time to reevaluate whether it makes sense to use BPA-based products in and around foods.

    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

              DJ GameBoy on air        

    Apuntáte este nombre: Reformat the Planet. Un documental de la joven productora 2 Player que aborda el tema del movimiento musical chiptune, aquello a que los miembros de Gaijin Games honran tributo con su saga Bit Trip entrega tras entrega. Un repaso al Blip Festival, un acontecimiento anual en Nueva York dedicado a la musica electronica ocho bitera. O sea que sí algun día os dejáis caer por la ciudad de los rascacielos a) visitáis la Nintendo World Store sacando brillo a la Visa y b) pasáis del Studio 54 y os marcáis un non stop a ritmo de GameBoy, la consola sempiterna.


              FUTEBOL NA GUERRA        

    Em tempo de Guerra o futebol teve vez até no front

    Pegando o gancho do post anterior sobre centenário, em 2014 também marca um século do início da I Guerra Mundial, conflito sangrento ocorrido principalmente na Europa e que deixou um saldo de milhões e milhões de mortos entre soldados, civis e até animais. 

    De um lado os "Aliados", compostos por França, Grã-Bretanha, Rússia, Bélgica, Sérvia, Itália (começou o embate como adversária, mas se aliou em 1915) e Estados Unidos; do outro, Alemanha, Áustria-Hungria, Império Otomano e Bulgária formavam as "Potências Centrais". O confronto bélico se iniciou em 1914 e só veio ter fim em 1918 com a derrota das Potências, a queda dos otomanos e a consequente assinatura do Tratado de Versailles por parte dos alemães em 1919.

    Contudo, mesmo em tempos de guerra o futebol continuava a ser praticado - não só nos países com seus campeonatos locais, mas também no campo de batalha. Foram vários relatos, documentos, registros fotográficos e livros tratando do assunto, quando soldados aproveitavam os breves momentos de descanso e/ou cessar fogo não-oficiais para se divertirem com a bola nos pés.

    O cartaz acima foi uma motivação para os jovens ingleses ingressarem no front, visto a declaração do jornal germânico "Frankfurter Zeitung" de que os britânicos "não eram de nada". Já a foto é de 25 de dezembro de 1915, num campo próximo à Salonika na Grécia, numa das chamadas "Tréguas de Natal", em que soldados de ambos os lados faziam um cessar fogo para celebrarem os festejos de fim de ano.

    O 17º Regimento de Middlesex ficou conhecido como o "Batalhão do Futebol" ou "The Extremers" ("Os Extemados") devido à maioria de seus componentes serem à época jogadores de futebol. Tal ideia partiu de William Joynson-Hicks, membro do Parlamento britânico. O objetivo principal era despertar o nacionalismo através do futebol. Dirigentes dos clubes e árbitros também se alistaram.

    O grupo teve como um de seus líderes o escocês Richard McFadden, atacante do Clapton Orient (hoje Leyton Orient) que entre 1911 e 1915 era o ídolo maior do clube e seu maior artilheiro. O jogador morreu durante os confrontos e hoje é reverenciado pelos torcedores do modesto time inglês ao lado de dois colegas de equipe também mortos na guerra, William Jonas e George Scott.

    Os jogos nos terrenos castigados pela guerra muitas vezes eram à base do improviso: bolas feitas de lata, entulhos diversos e arames; as traves muitas vezes eram apenas as botas dos soldados alinhadas e os combatentes corriam atrás da vitória mesmo com seus pesados uniformes. 

    Ingleses e alemães rivalizavam também nas peladas durante a guerra

    O ex-combatente Ernie Williams, em uma entrevista à rede BBC inglesa há alguns anos, recordou uma das partidas mais famosas da época. "Uma bola foi lançada do lado dos alemães e, em poucos instantes, vários soldados começaram a jogar. Havia umas 200 pessoas e todas pareciam estar se divertindo. Ninguém com más intenções entre nós e não havia juiz, nem placar". 

    Vários jogadores britânicos, que inclusive atuavam por suas seleções, estiveram no "Batalhão do Futebol" durante as batalhas de Deville Wood e Guillemont  - essas duas na Batalha do Somme - e na Batalha de Arras em 1917. Nomes como o do já citado escocês McFadden, do zagueiro Frank Buckley (Bardford City e Inglaterra), do meiocampista Lyndon Sandoe (Cardiff City e País de Gales) e todo o time do Hearts of Midlothian da Escócia engrossaram as fileiras nas trincheiras da I Guerra Mundial.

    Exeter City de 1914: sete dos jogadores que enfrentaram o Brasil foram à guerra

    Na postagem anterior  relembramos os 100 anos de história da Seleção Brasileira de futebol. E em sua primeira partida o adversário foi o inglês Exeter City, com vitória brasileira por 2 a 0 no campo da Rua Guanabara, atual Laranjeiras, no Rio de Janeiro. A I Guerra estava em seu começo no dia 21 de julho daquele ano, mas devido às dificuldades de comunicação da época os britânicos ainda não tinham conhecimento do conflito - só ficaram sabendo quando estavam retornando à Europa a bordo do navio Alcântara.

    Relatos de alguns dos jogadores deram conta de que com o navio portando uma bandeira inglesa em seu mastro houve o temor da embarcação ser atacada pelas forças inimigas. Porém, felizmente a viagem foi realizada sem transtornos e os únicos tiros ouvidos foram de navios franceses como advertência para o confronto durante a passagem pelo Canal da Mancha.

    Aidan Hamilton, autor do livro "Have you ever played Brazil? - The story of Exeter City's 1914 tour to South America" ("Você já jogou contra o Brasil? - A história da turnê de 1914 do Exeter City pela América do Sul", inédito no Brasil), relata que 7 dos 11 jogadores que entraram em campo no histórico jogo contra os brasileiros foram convocados para a guerra: o goleiro Reg Loram, o médio e capitão do time Jimmy Rigby, os zagueiros Jack Fort e Sammy Strettle, e os atacantes Charlie Pratt, Billy Lovett, Fred Goodwin e Fred Whittaker - estes dois últimos integrando o "Batalhão do Futebol". Ainda segundo Hamilton, Goodwin sofreu sérios ferimentos nos confrontos e jamais voltou a atuar. 

    Afora estes citados, quatro atletas dos quadros do clube inglês que não estiveram presentes na excursão ao continente americano, também se alistaram: William Kirby, Arthur Evans, Fred Hunt e Kadie White - todos mortos no conflito.

    Todo o time do Hearts, da Escócia, participou da I Guerra

    O alistamento militar na Grã-Bretanha não era obrigatório até 1916, por isso o governo teve que apelar para o nacionalismo aliado ao futebol, já que era a principal prática esportiva da ilha europeia naquele tempo. Atraídos por esse chamamento patriótico, todos os jogadores do escocês Hearts alistou-se em 1914 no "Batalhão do Futebol" para os combates contra os alemães e seus aliados.

    O galês Bertie Felstead, outro ex-combatente da I Guerra, registrou em um relato encontrado após sua sua morte em 2001 que "não era um jogo propriamente dito, eram todos contra todos em que chutávamos a bola sem objetivo. Poderia haver uns 50 de cada lado, eu acho. Eu joguei porque realmente gostava de futebol. Não sei quanto tempo durou. Provavelmente uma meia hora, e ninguém estava contando o placar". 

    Ou seja, o futebol serviu como instrumento de integração e paz entre as forças rivais, tal qual como aconteceu em fevereiro de 1969, quando o Santos de Pelé fez uma excursão pela África. Na ocasião o time paulista conseguiu que o Zaire (atual República Democrática do Congo), que vivia um grande conflito interno entre blocos étnicos e políticos, vivesse um dia de cessar fogo para que a população pudesse acompanhar o maior jogador do planeta e seus companheiros em campo.

    O "Batalhão do Futebol" foi desmobilizado em 1918, ano do fim da guerra, e contabilizou várias perdas para o esporte britânico. Em 2010 foi erguido o memorial para o 17º Regimento de Middlesex na cidade francesa de Longueval, no norte do país. Placas de granito com nomes dos atletas/combatentes mortos encontram-se no local para que os fãs de diversos clubes possam prestar homenagens aos seus heróis das batalhas nos campos de futebol e de guerra.

    Cartaz: Johnson, Riddle & Co., Ltd., de Londres/ING
    Foto 1: Getty Images
    Foto 2: Chester Chronicle
    Fotos 3 e 4: Autor desconhecido

              DE PAI PRA FILHO II        

    Feito histórico: o agora ex-jogador Rivaldo atuando ao lado de seu filho Rivaldo Júnior

    Mais um craque anunciou sua despedida dos gramados. Neste sábado o agora ex-meia Rivaldo anunciou sua aposentadoria aos 41 anos de idade e daqui por diante seguirá com sua carreira de cartola dirigindo o Mogi-Mirim, clube que o revelou para o Brasil e no qual também fez sua última partida.

    Rivaldo Vítor Borba Ferreira, nascido em Paulista/PE em 19 de abril de 1972 ganhou o mundo da bola nos anos 90 e começo dos 2000. Começou sua carreira no Santa Cruz de Pernambuco, mas seu nome veio aparecer de verdade no Mogi Mirim, time que ficou famoso como o "Carrossel Caipira" em 1992 juntamente com os meias Leto e Válber. 

    Passou com brilho por Corinthians, Palmeiras, Deportivo La Coruña, Barcelona e seleção brasileira. Neste período faturou uma Copa do Mundo e o título de melhor jogador do planeta em 1999. Outras passagens foram mais discretas como no Milan e no Olympiakos da Grécia, apesar de também ser ídolo por lá. Já o final de carreira foi um tanto melancólico com atuações por times obscuros ou de menor expressão (à exceção do São Paulo, obviamente) como Bunyodkor do Uzbequistão, Kabuscorp de Angola e São Caetano.

    Mas Rivaldo não colecionou apenas jogadas geniais, brilho, belos gols e troféus. Justamente em sua última partida conseguiu um feito histórico e que muitos atletas sonham com ele: o de atuar com seu filho em uma partida. Aconteceu justamente na última de sua carreira de 22 anos dentro dos gramados contra o São Bernardo pelo Campeonato Paulista deste ano em 18 de fevereiro no empate por 1 a 1. O pai chegou a dar um passe para o filho Rivaldo Júnior, atacante de 18 anos, mas que não resultou em nada.

    Confira abaixo o momento em que o fato histórico ocorreu.

              Google is a number        
    Google is a number.

    G-7, O-6, O-6, G-7, L-3, E-5

    Google (766735)

    Google (766735) factors into the following prime numbers:

    Google (766735) = 1723 prime X 89 prime X 5 prime.

    89 is the prime of Leo (356) = 89 prime X 4. 

    Leo is the astrological sign for the Divine Birthmonth of August whose ruling planet is the Sun and which corresponds to the Human Heart - see below. 

    The Universal Numerical Date for Google (766735) brings us to November 8th in the year 2093.

    11/08 is always 89 days from August 11th which is the Divine Birthdate of our Lord God Jesus Christ (6 BC).

    The gentleman that taught me this stuff, Dean Fagerstrom, wrote a 1400+ page book (The Book of Anglion) that outlines a mathematical
    proof - using prime numbers - that our Lord God Jesus Christ was born on August 11th in the year 6 BC.

    The dates, times, events, births and deaths that happen throughout history are connected to August 11th in 6 BC in many amazing patterns that appear to glorify and shine light on that date. Google (766735) is just another one of many examples.

    Also outlined in Dean's book are equations and numbers that refer to November 8th in 7 BC as the actual date of the Divine Conception of our Lord God Jesus Christ.

    11/08 (1108) factors into 277 prime X 4.

    277 is the prime of Divine (494955) Love (3645) = 498600 = 277 prime X 1800.

    In leap years August 11th is always the completion of the 277th "Divine Love" day from/including November 8th in the previous year. 

              "Have a good one."        
    This phrase seems to have become one of THE most commonly shared phrases in the English language. it's commonly shared when we leave others after sharing some time.

    I've never examined this phrase numerically but I thought I would do so this morning as follows....

    Have (8145) A (1) Good (7664) One (655) = 16465

    16465 = 89 prime X 185

    This is an AMAZING result!

    89 is the conjunctive prime of the word Leo (356) - ie. it's the highest prime factor of Leo (356) = 89 prime X 4.

    Leo is the astrological sign for the Divine birthmonth of August whose ruling planet is the Sun and which corresponds to the Human Heart.

    The key date is August 11th.

    8/11 (811) is the 142nd prime number and 8/11 is always 142 days from the end of each year.

    Sun (135) days from August 11th is always 12/24 Christmas Eve which is when the Sun - after standing still for 2-3 days since Winter Solstice - begins the first 1 degree of its ascent which culminates on Christmas Day, the day we celebrate the provincial Divine Birth of our Lord God Jesus Christ.

    Every year in the northern hemisphere the Sun STOPS FALLING on the Leo (356th) day of the year which is the Winter Solstice.

    And if you are ever in the Chicago area on August 11th you can witness the Sun rising on August 11th at EXACTLY 5:55 am in the morning. 5:55 am is the advent of the Leo (356th) minute of the NEW (555) day. Some years it will be 5:54 am, but either way by the end of the Leo (356th) minute the full disc of the Sun will be visible above the eastern horizon of Lake Michigan.

    I'll keep digging into this, but this finding is really cool!

    "Have a good one!"

    Note: The late Dean Fagerstrom taught me this Divine Science of Numerical Correspondences years ago. An amazing man! You can find the mathematical proof of our Lord's Divine Birth - that's embedded in the prime number system - when you read and study his 1400+ page "The Book of Anglion."  


              108 is Great!!        

    "Grant DePorter, who insists destiny and numerology will propel the Chicago Cubs to their first World Series title in 108 years, pointed his phone at the scoreboard behind the left-field wall at Wrigley Field, started recording and put his theory to test.

    It was was Oct. 7, Game 1 of the National League Division Series between the Cubs and the San Francisco Giants. Javier Baez, the Cubs’ second baseman, was at the plate facing Johnny Cueto, the Giants’ starting pitcher.

    DePorter’s video showed Cueto’s pitch count — 107 at that point in the game — just moments after DePorter predicted that Baez would hit a home run on pitch 108."


    Personal notes:

    One tidbit already sticks out worth noting: Charles Webb Murphy (born January 22, 1868 in Wilmington, Ohio – died October 16, 1931 in Chicago). My father was born on 1/22/25 - 57 years after Charles Murphy was born. My father turned 57 in 1982 which was the year my wife turned 23. 

    My father and mother first lived at 1311 Chicago Avenue here in Evanston - after they got married in Montana where my mother is from. 1311 is an amazing non-prime number for it's the result of multiplying 23 and 57 - 2, 3, 5, 7 are first 4 prime numbers after ONE (1). If you examine the digits of pi you will find that beginning at digit 1311 you will find 8989 which factors into 101 prime X 89 prime. 

     89 is the prime of Leo (356) = 89 prime X 4. Leo is the astrological sign for the Divine Birthmonth of August whose ruling planet is the Sun and which corresponds to the Human Heart. 

    Why is 89 so important to the current World Series? Well do the math: the 2016th World Series is the 112th which is the sum of 23 "I (9) Am (14)" and 89 which is the prime of Leo (356) = 89 prime X 4. 

    Much of the Cubs loaded young talent were born in between 1992 and 1994 - which means they came into their 23rd "I (9) Am (14)" season of life just as the Cubs surged into the new light of this recent historic run. 2389 is a prime number composed of those 2 special prime numbers and it just happens to be the Leo (356th) prime number. 

    Examining the Digits of pi: 

    The string 108 occurs at position 2,534 counting from the first digit after the decimal point. The 3. is not counted. 2534 factors into 181 prime X 14. 181 is the prime of We (55) Are (195) One (655) = 905 = 181 prime X 5. You could say that the year 1991 provided a foundation for the current Cubs run for all of the young Cubs players were born in 1992 or beyond. 1991 = 181 prime X 11.

    Speaking of 181 X 11 (1991).....when you combine 181 and 11 it forms the number 18111 which mirrors 010811 and 1811. Our Lord was born on 8/11 in 6 BC. When you correct for the 2334 days in BC time that he lived the "corrected year" becomes Year 1. 010811 corresponds to Year 1, Month 8, Day 11. Charles Murphy's numerical age (NA) on 10/25/16 - Day ONE (1) of the 112th World Series was 54333 which factors (partially) into 18111 X 3.

    Another note on Charles Murphy (born January 22, 1868 in Wilmington, Ohio – died October 16, 1931 in Chicago):

    His Numerical Age (NA) was 23277 which is isn't a prime number but is composed of 23 prime and 277 prime.  

    23 corresponds to I (9) Am (14) which is our Lord's original name and title given to Moses on Mt. Sinai - "I Am...the Lord thy God..." Exodus 20:2. 

    277 is the highest prime factor of this phrase "Divine Love" as follows: 

    Divine (494955) Love (3645) = 498600 = 277 prime 1800. 

    So you could say that Charles Murphy - even for as much as he was a "hated man" - lived a Numerical Age that corresponds to the phrase "I Am Divine Love." 

    23277 factors into 7759 prime X 3 prime. 

    7759 days prior to January 22, 1868 - Charles Murphy's birth - we arrive at October 25 in the year 1846 which was EXACTLY 170 years prior to October 25, 2016 which was Game ONE (1) of the 2016 World Series. 

    If we move ahead 23277 "I Am Divine Love" days from October 25, 1846 we will arrive at July 19, 1910.  This is a significant date for a few reasons: 

    1) 7/19 is always 23 "I (9) Am (14)" days from August 11th, the Divine Birthdate

    2) 7/19 (719) corresponds to "Christ The Lord God GO" - which mirrors "Chicago" as follows: 

    Chi (389) is the Greek letter "X" which stands for "Christos" which is where the English "Christ" originated from

    Ca (31) is the prime of The (285) Lord (3694) God (764) = 4743 = 31 prime X 153

    GO (76) 

    Chi-Ca-GO = Chicago (3893176) 

    Christ (389912) The (285) Lord (3694) God (764) Go (76) = 394731 = 719 prime X 549. 

    3) The Year 1910 = 191 prime X 10 which is the prime of God (764) = 191 prime X 4.


              Whirling Dervishes        
    On both the way to and from my holiday in Central Asia I had a day and a half in transit in Istanbul. This was a great opportunity to finally see the whirling dervishes in action, and I booked myself an online ticket to a Mevlevi Sema ceremony at the Hodja Paşa Cultural Centre, a 550-year-old converted hammam.

    To the Mevlevi order, everything in the universe revolves - from electrons round an atom, to the blood in our bodies, to the planets around the sun.  The whirling of the dervishes - which they refer to as revolving - reflects this and is a way of casting off bad habits and becoming one with God.

    The dervishes enter wearing long, black cloaks, and beige felt hats which resemble a foot-high fez; these hats represents tombstones for the ego, which is shed (or dies temporarily) during the ceremony.  After many bows, and the removal of their cloaks, they slowly start to revolve.  Initially their arms are crossed with the their hands on their shoulders, but as they begin to revolve, their arms gradually loosen and open, ultmately held up in the air as they turn.  This revolving, at 1-2 revolutions per second, goes on for some forty minutes in total, although with some brief pauses as the ceremony has a number of stages.  Any ordinary mortals would be dizzy to the point of nausea but these guys are apparently experiencing an "intoxication of the soul", and so suffer no such worldly discomforts.

    To my surprise there is no joy shown on the dervishes' faces, which remain expressionless throughout.

    Although performed for tourists in this location (in fact the Mevlevi order is still outlawed in Turkey and licenced to 'perform' only for tourists), it is still really a devotional ceremony, and so we were told not only not to take photos but not to applaud either.  I found it quite moving but then I have always enjoyed the mystical side of religion, from the incense of the Ethiopian and Greek orthodox churches to the trance music of the Moroccan Gnaoua.  In fact the two things I most want to experience during my remaining time in West Africa are a Lebu exorcism (Senegal) and a voodoo ceremony (Benin).  Both are unlikely, unfortunately.

    But in Istanbul on my second transit coming back from my holiday I found another venue with a Mevlani Sema ceremony, not in such an atmospheric venue but one where photos were allowed.

              Felipe Dylon tenta espaço na adaptação de “Rebelde”        
    O cantor Felipe Dylon quer conquistar uma vaga na novela Rebelde, que a Record pretende estrear no fim do ano.
    Ele, que está participando do Open Bar, do MultiShow, fez um teste e aguarda um posicionamento da emissora.
    A seleção do elenco da adaptação de Rebelde começou no início deste mês. Ao todo a Record irá realizar 500 testes de atores pré-selecionados, com audições no Rio de Janeiro e São Paulo.
    Fonte:O Planeta TV!

              TROPICAL PLANET, December 2-19, Fort Delta, Melbourne        

    ‘Tropical Planet’ opens Wednesday December 2 from 6pm to 8pm at Fort Delta, Capitol Arcade (basement level), Swanston Street, Melbourne. Exhibition runs from December 2 – 19. Link to catalogue In this exhibition, painting, as a slow and reflective practice, muses upon the lethargy, repetition and bliss of summer. Described through recurrent marks, colours and … Continue reading TROPICAL PLANET, December 2-19, Fort Delta, Melbourne

    The post TROPICAL PLANET, December 2-19, Fort Delta, Melbourne appeared first on Laura Skerlj.

              10 reasons Rolex is the best watch on the planet        
    Rolex is the "Rolls Royce" of watches. It is like no other watch in the world. There are 10 Reasons Rolex is the Best Watch on the Planet. Read More
              The sport of skiing is growing in the massive Himalaya; this writer went there to investigate        

    Often referred to as the “Roof of the World,” the Himalayas are home to eight of the tallest mountains on the planet and over one hundred peaks exceeding 23,600 feet above sea level, including the goliath Mount Everest which tops out at 29,029 feet. The iconic range extends through China, Bhutan, Pakistan, India and Nepal […]

    The post The sport of skiing is growing in the massive Himalaya; this writer went there to investigate appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.

              RIP Toby the Bernese Mountain Dog, the unofficial mascot of Loveland Ski Area        

    The life of a well-loved dog is surely one of the best on the planet. Such was the life of Toby, a Bernese Mountain Dog who was the unofficial mascot of Loveland Ski Area, an un-waivering Denver Broncos fan (he met Von Miller and together they’re shipped #VonToby), a volunteer at the Rocky Mountain Easter […]

    The post RIP Toby the Bernese Mountain Dog, the unofficial mascot of Loveland Ski Area appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.

              Review Filem Dunkirk: Perang Epik Terbaik Arahan Nolan!        
    Review Filem Dunkirk: Epik Perang Dunia Kedua Terbaik |Okay hari ni aku berkesempatan bersama rakan-rakan untuk tonton filem berjudul Dunkirk di GSC Sunway Carnival. Mana tidaknya aku memang beriya-iya ingin tahu jalan penceritaan filem bergenre perang ini dari karya pengarah hebat Hollywood, Christopher Nolan. Anda tahu tak, kebanyakan filem Christopher Nolan memerlukan penghayatan yang tinggi sepertimana filem Interstellar, Inception dan The Dark Knight. Dengan kali ini genre agak berbeza, rasanya filem Dunkirk ini perlu dihayati setiap detik penceritaan kerana ia berkait rapat kisah sebenar tentang sejarah Perang Dunia Kedua antara Tentera Bersatu vs Nazi Jerman. Menarik ke filem perang ni? Baca selanjutnya....

    Review Filem Dunkirk: Epik Perang Dunia Kedua Terbaik

    Sinopsis Filem Dunkirk 2017

    Sebelum tu biarlah aku mukadimah sedikit tentang sinopsis filem Dunkirk. Mesti anda ingin tahu tentang sejarah Perang Dunia Ke-2 ini dahulu? Filem Dunkirk mengisahkan peperangan membabitkan antara Pasukan Tentera Berikat dengan Tentera Nazi Jerman, dimana tentera Berikat telah dihentam teruk oleh tentera Nazi sehinggalah mereka terpaksa berundur ke sebuah tempat yang dikenali sebagai Dunkirk.

    Review Filem Dunkirk: Perang Epik Terbaik Arahan Nolan!

    Bagi mengelakkan kemusnahan besar terjadi, pihak Tentera Berikat telah merancang satu operasi besar-besaran untuk menyelamatkan 400,000 tentera yang terperangkap di tempat itu dari ditawan oleh tentera Nazi. Adakah tentera-tentera British, Perancis, Belanda dan termasuklah sekutunya berjaya diselamatkan daripada dibunuh oleh tentera Nazi?

    Review Filem Dunkirk

    Bagi aku pertama kali menonton filem perang sebegini agak janggal kerana plot penceritaan dari Christopher Nolan memaparkan 3 sisi 'views' yang berbeza dalam filem Dunkirk ini, dimana di darat (jeti), udara dan laut. Sebenarnya, ketiga-tiga pandangan ini berkait rapat apa yang telah terjadi dalam pertempuran di Dunkirk. Jika dilihat babak di atas udara mengisahkan seorang pilot bernama Furrier lakonan Tom Hardy yang berjuang bermati-matian untuk menyelamatkan tentera Bersekutu dari dibedil bom pesawat pengebom sehinggalah kehabisan minyak jet tempurnya.

    Review Filem Dunkirk: Epik Perang Dunia Kedua Terbaik Arahan Nolan!
    Babak Tom Hardy di Dalam Jet Spitfire 

    Di lautan, mengisahkan tentang pengemudi kapal layar yang sanggup bergadai nyawa untuk ke tempat pertempuran bernama Dunkirk, dimana seorang ayah bersama anaknya berjaya menyelamatkan seberapa ramai tentera Berikat dari serangan tentera Nazi. Dari pandangan darat pula lebih ke arah pengisahan di jeti, menunjukkan jumlah besar tentera Berikat yang menanti ketibaan kapal untuk menyelamatkan diri mereka dari peperangan ini.

    Review Filem Dunkirk: Epik Perang Dunia Kedua Terbaik Arahan Nolan!
    Sekumpulan Tentera di Jeti 

    Dari segi babak aksi agak menarik kerana filem Dunkirk tidak memerlukan banyak peluru , letupan dan darah untuk menghasilkan filem ini. Ia lebih menggambarkan suasana tegang dikalangan tentera yang ingin melarikan diri daripada dibedil bom dari pesawat. Bagi aku babak suspen dan thrill filem ini sangat menjadi, tambahan pulak dengan soundtracks sangat mantap untuk menggambarkan suasana suspens. Sekali sekala terkejut jugak aku kerana soundtrack letupan sangat tepat dan memang terbaiklah. Anda boleh lihat sendiri tentera yang terdesak untuk melarikan diri dan menyelamatkan tentera yang terperangkap.

    Dari segi karakter dan lakonan aktor, Nolan tidak memerlukan pelakon yang popular atau rupa yang kacak untuk melakonkan filem ini. Tetapi bakat yang ada setiap pelakon tersebut sepanjang filem ini ternyata berjaya membawakan karakter mereka begitu baik sekali. Jika dilihat filem ini dialog agak kurang sedikit berbanding filem-filem lain karya Nolan, anda boleh lihat lakonan Tom Hardy sebagai pilot jet pejuang yang kurang berdialog dan tidak menunjukkan muka sepanjang filem ini sehingga lah babak akhir baru menampilkan wajahnya, tetapi prestasi lakonannya sama seperti karakter Bane dalam trilogi Dark Knight.

    Selain itu, lakonan Fionn Whitehead sebagai Tommy, tentera muda British dianggap berjaya kerana setiap babak yang ditampilkan oleh beliau sangat menjadi walaupun ini filem pertama kalinya. Beliau menampilkan riak wajah yang begitu terdesak menyelamatkan diri sehinggalah beliau berjaya pulang dengan selamat bersama-sama rakan tentera yang lain.

    Review Filem Dunkirk: Epik Perang Dunia Kedua Terbaik Arahan Nolan!
    Fionn Whitehead 

    Secara keseluruhan yang boleh aku simpulkan filem ini harus dipuji dan dianggap salah satu filem yang perfect dari segi karakter pelakon, plot penceritaan, aksi, thrill dan kesan visual termasuklah soundtrack sudah cukup memuaskan hati penonton. Bagi pendapat aku filem ini bukannya semata-mata aksi suasana perang tetapi kepada menyelami perasaan tentera-tentera yang begitu terdesak melarikan diri.

    >> Baca juga : Review Filem War For Planet Of The Apes

    Rating Filem Dunkirk : 8/10
              BOOK REVIEW: DON1, The King from Queens by Louie KR.ONE Gasparro        
    by illmatical In the year 4050, in a far universe, in the galaxy of aerosol dreams where each planet is protected by an atmospheric layer of vivid multicolored wild styles and throw-ups, in… Continue reading
              Comment on Why Eating Seasonally Is Better For You (And The Planet) by The Complete Hong Kong Fresh & Organic Produce Home Delivery Guide - Green Queen Health & Wellness Hong Kong        
    […] From MM Fresh, you can order a box of fresh Tasmanian fruits and vegetables, the selection of which varies with the seasons, that will set you back HKD 495 for around 5 kg of produce. They deliver every three to four weeks (they announce their delivery schedule on their website). Find out why it’s important to eat seasonally. […]
              Komentar na VREMENSKI TESTAMENT: Proročanstvo Petera Deunova o kraju naÅ¡e civilizacije i početku Zlatnog doba od strane vesnamih        
    Planeta Zemlja možda i da, ali je veliko pitanje šta će se desiti sa svima nama,sa stanovnicima planete, jer niko ne želi da budi svoju svest i nije isto pričati i misliti kako budimo svest i raditi ispravno na buđenju svesti. Biti stalno u samoposmatranju svog unutrašnjeg negativnog sadržaja i na adekvatan način se svega toga rešavati... :)
              Hunted and Hunter, Part IX        
    “We’ve been spotted!” Brannigan’s voice said over the comms. The Cutlass turned hard, pressing me against the restraints of my seat. “Call’s gone out, two hours ‘til full militia arrives.” I reached over and started the two hour timer on my mobiGlas. That was our window for getting in and out. “Looks like the decoys did their job, the pilot said. "Only two Gladii and a Cutlass in our way. Light defense, but we’re still in for a ride." One of the mercs pulled himself into the turret chair, hitting the button that raised it up to the controls. “Here we go!” shouted the merc sitting next to me as the ship banked again. Everyone wore almost identical airtight combat suits, but the personalized markings on the side of his helmet told me it was Vin, one of the younger mercs. The turret opened fire above, and staccato reverberations echoed through the hull as the twin guns belched fire. I caught a glimpse out the small porthole of the Banu vessel, trailing behind out of harm's way but still close enough to fire off its large guns. The Cutlass’ shields shimmered as a few rounds impacted, but nothing got through. The turret swiveled around to track one of the passing ships. “Scrapped one Gladius,” the merc manning it shouted with a whoop. “Missiles!” shouted the pilot. “Hold on!” A few dull thuds sounded as flares launched, then the ship spun around with a wrenching twist. I was sure we were about to get torn to pieces by a swarm of hunting missiles any second, and suddenly felt like the ship was a metal coffin. But the seconds passed, the ship completed its maneuver, and no missiles hit. “Evaded,” the pilot said, then accelerated the ship back around into the action. “Enemy Cutlass down.” “Yehaaa!” shouted Vin. Another barrage of bullets slammed the shields, then the shield died, and a trio of small holes suddenly appeared in the hull as rounds punched through the armor. There was a rushing of air that dropped to silence except for the reverberations through the hull. “We’ve been hit,” the pilot said over the comms. A weight slumped against my shoulder, I turned and saw Vin, still strapped into his seat, but with a large hole torn through his combat armor. Blood poured out like a fountain, spreading over the suit and chair and deck. Across from us Ajax pulled himself out of his restraints, despite the silent protests of those around him. He crossed over and knelt beside Vin, pulling bandages from his pack as he did so. But he didn’t apply them, it was already too late. After a silent fury, he clicked his comm on. “Man down.” A moment later the Cutlass banked again, sending Ajax sprawling across the floor. The other mercs grabbed him and kept him from tumbling more. A few seconds later the report came across that the final enemy had been destroyed. But it was a sullen celebration as the ships turned and headed for the planet, the limp body of Vin still slumped in the chair. I glanced at my mobiGlas. 1:57 left. The whole battle had lasted less than three minutes.  The air streamed back into the cabin as the Cutlass descended into the planet's atmosphere. After a few minutes the ship leveled off, wind whipping past the hull breaches. The ship settled down, hovering a short ways above the ground as the rear door lowered. "Everyone, go!" came the command. I unstrapped myself from the chair and hoisted my rifle, then followed the other mercs out of the ship. "We'll get her patched up and ready for pickup," the pilot said as the ramp closed up and the ship rose away. "Good hunting." We were standing in a clearing amongst a sparse, wooded area on a slight rise. Several hundred meters down the slope, partially obscured by the thin trees, sat a small mining town. Dawn was still an hour or so away, and two small moons glistened in the sky. It would have seemed peaceful, but for the gunfire that broke out almost as soon as we started down the slope. Energy bolts zipped through the trees, snapping branches and kicking up dirt. We quickly ducked behind the cover of trees, but the shots were so wild it almost wasn't necessary. "Charlie team on the ground," Ajax said over the comms. "On the ground and under fire. Looks like they've decided to put up a fight." "Understood," Brannigan's voice responded. "Alpha team touching down now, half a click north of the target. Pup, see what you can do about softening them up for us." I peered around the tree trunk at the town through the scope on my Behring CSS, a much lighter gun than the LR-620 and better for mobility. The village looked like a formula built frontier mining town. Squat, rugged buildings not so much built as placed, standard constructions produced in bulk and shipped out from factory worlds to be assembled where needed. The population couldn't have been more than a few hundred. The only unique building was the loading complex on the near side of town, a small pad and storage building topped with an AA turret. Several dozen of the inhabitants were rushing through the streets, armed with shotguns and a few rifles. One of the defenders stood in the shadow of a building, firing a MaxOx at the treeline. At this distance he'd have to get very lucky to hit anything with that. My bullet hit him in the thigh, and he fell. He'd survive, but was out of the fight. "Charlie team, move forward. Pup, stay here and keep us covered." The five mercenaries moved down the slope, keeping in the cover of the trees. I swept over the town with my scope. At first glance each building was the same as the next, but as I searched the outlines for armed defenders I noticed the small decorations and unique bits that made them homes. Their homes. And they were fighting to defend them. Even the coldness of the chems running through me couldn't bring me to shoot them, but I could still keep them from shooting back. Another man appeared around a building and raised a rifle. I shot the dirt in front of him, and he jumped back. A head appeared over another building, but it disappeared again as soon as my shot pinged off the roof beside him. Ajax and his five mercenaries safely reached the edge of the trees. "Charlie in place." "Beta in place," another merc chimed in. "Delta ready," a third said. "Remember," Brannigan said, "keep casualties to a minimum. Take them alive. Now take down that gun." An Ursa rover broke over the ridge to the north of town, turret firing at the buildings. The defenders ran, retreating back towards the center of town. Charlie team moved out of the treeline under cover of the barrage and quickly set up an ARM missile launcher. "Ready to fire," Ajax said a moment later. "Light up the target." I flipped on a laser on the side of my rifle and pointed it at the AA turret. "Target lit." A plume of smoke shot up from the ARM, a missile rising into the air and arcing down to the turret. A shield around the turret flared and died as the missile hit, then the turret itself erupted in flame as a second missile struck. "Target down," Ajax confirmed. "Air's clear." A figure appeared around the side of a building, a rifle pointed at the launcher. He was young, a teenage kid firing wildly. I buried a bullet into the ground at his feet, kicking up dirt around him, but he kept firing. Another shot whizzed by his head, but he didn't care. The other mercs were firing back, he was going to get himself killed. There was nothing else to do. My third bullet ripped through his knee. He fell back and out of sight. "Porter's hit," Ajax said. "It's bad. Moving back to the trees to stabilize him." "Draconis, rain fire on them." Brannigan's voice was cold, anger seething just beneath the surface. The Redeemer rose over the hill, turret lighting up first one house, then the next on the edge of town. It hovered over the town, the small arms fire doing nothing to its shields, firing back with devastating results at any that tried. It was over quickly. Under such a barrage the defenders had no choice but surrender. Smoke rose from the ruined shells of buildings as the townsfolk put down their guns and the mercenaries moved in. 1:26.
    Home. Where is home. We’ve had a few, us humans. Earth. I guess it all started there. Earth was home; still is, to some. But what about our other planets? What about Mars? Terra? Are they home? Our houses are homes. Or are our homes houses? Either way, I‘d have to have one for it to be one. Now… my Prospector. She’s a home. She’s my home. Where is she though… HA! Who’m I kidding?! She’s right where she ought to be, under my hands, mining! Just me and my Prospector, my Napanee, floating through space. Just floatin’. Minin’. Who needs a ‘home’. --- There’s a feeling one has, when they look at something completely extraordinary that they’ve been seeing their entire life. The feeling someone who lives on the coast gets every morning when they wake up and look out over the ocean. The feeling the best poker player in the ‘Verse gets when he wins the Galactic Invitational for the thirteenth time running. The feeling a mother gets when she has her seventh child. The feeling a 30 year veteran gets during another Vanduul raid. It is perfectly described in one word. ‘Enh.’ The word comes with a shrug, that kind of nonchalant noncommittal shrug that says, well… it says ‘enh’. The word and the shrug go together, like a jam and cheese sandwich eaten by someone with no taste buds. That word and shrug, though, they perfectly embodied the feelings running through Anoty’s head as he looked up through the asteroid field, looked up at all the other small rocks with their small domes, owned by the other prospecting families. Dozens of asteroids of different shapes and sizes and colours, all floating aimlessly, drifting lazily, through the cold black of space. Like cheerios floating in milk when you’ve eaten most of the cheerios and there are just a few left. Except that they weren’t all clumped together like they do in milk, but kept kind of separate in the milk instead, like how asteroids in space float kinda together but not really too close. Anoty had just started the metaphor segment of his English schooling. It was a work in progress. He sat in his room in his house under the force dome and missed his dad. Well, not his house, it was his mothers’ house. But it was his dad that he missed. He remembered his mom, four years ago, sitting him down and saying his dad was dead. That he’d taken the prospector out on a mission, that he’d got himself blown up by raiders. That the UEE had called her, said there wasn’t even a semblance of the ship anymore, or of his dad, the wreckage was so bad. Anoty sat on his bed, thinking. Thinking about his dad, and where he’d got to. Thinking of home. Wondering why his dad hadn’t thought home was with him. For Anoty, home wasn’t in the asteroid belt. Here he was stuck inside a dome on a gyrating asteroid orbiting a small planetoid in one of the most breathtaking displays of orbital dynamics that human eyes have ever seen, a literal stellar stereotype, the distant planetoid hazy through its fuchsia-tinged atmosphere, the closer asteroids and their domes spinning and revolving in a gravitational ballet of the highest magnitude, all seen from a dusty dirt rock with a horizon of infinity. Home was a place where his mom was still happy, and where his dad hadn’t left. --- Shaer hated home. Home was bills. Home was stress. Home was memories. Home was a son who played games all day, who couldn’t get his basic schooling figured out. He’d failed English, math, astronomic, piloting, farming, law, chemistry, and every other conceivable course she could download from the central UEE home-school repository. And every one of those downloads cost credits. To Shaer, home was in default. To Shaer, home was a lifeless rock, completely mortgaged out to pay for a ship for a low-life scum of an ex husband who’d taken the ship and left, sticking her with an idiot child, a worthless rock, and no way to pay the bills. To Shaer, home was the last straw. The final blow in a lifetime of blows. She’d wanted to go to the inner planets, visit Terra, Earth, Mars. She’d wanted to see the ‘Verse, to see where humanity came from. She thought about that, as she smashed the control-panel for the dome, causing the power to fail and the safety-net between the house and the black void of space to come crashing down. She’d always wanted to see Earth, especially. Learn where she’d come from; where everyone had come from. As the air rushed away from those that needed it most, raging like a hurricane, loud as a summer storm, quiet as a whisper, and then silent as death, Shae thought of Africa, of how she’d always wanted to see it. To see where Humanity had come from. To see something that truly was home. --- Anoty, in his panic and confusion, in the terrible, aching last gasps of life, thought of his father, knew that he would come back, that he would save Anoty and his mom. --- Home SWEET home, Dale said, patting the Prospector on the dash. He’d dropped off a load of trellium ore at the refinery, picked up a nice young thing to keep his mind and… other parts… occupied, and was headed back into the black. He’d checked the news. Life was good. Home was wherever he wanted. There was nothing left to hold him back.
              Tic-Talk Tonight: Theodore Felix-Grafton        
    Welcome to the newest edition of Tic-Talk, the transcript that follows is the full interview as conducted by Indira Nooyi with our guest interviewee, Theodore Felix-Grafton, local farmer from Goss I and former captain of the Nightingale. Interview was carried out on the planet Goss I on 2947-03-28. Indira Nooyi(IN): Good evening and welcome to another edition of Tic-Talk, for our traditional viewing audience this will be a bit of a departure from normal as this interview will be pre-recorded for the convenience of our current guest of tonight’s segment. Today I’m on the planet Goss I touring the farming operation of Theodore Felix-Grafton. Thank you for inviting us to your home, we really appreciate the chance to interview you today. Theodore Felix-Grafton(TFG): Well miss, the pleasure is all mine. Not every day a pretty young reporter visits this old man. IN: Well, we are here to highlight your unique story Mr. Felix-Grafton... TFG: No, no miss. Ted. Call me Ted. IN: Very well, Ted. Now your name came to our attention in a very indirect way, the producer of Tic-Talk heard about you from a neighbour of hers who told her a very interesting, wild story. Her neighbour maintains that you saved her life 22 years ago, from the Orion system. The thing that very much intrigued us at Tic-Talk tonight about this story was that, nobody has heard of this or even known about it until this very moment. I would have to say my very first question would be how do you think this managed to stay under the radar for so long? Cause you rescued how many people, Ted? TFG: Well, what I was doing wasn’t precisely sanctioned by the UEE. I was doing it to help people but I wasn’t sure how it would be received by the higher ups, so I asked those I saved to keep it a bit quiet. You know, not a secret to their friends and family but I asked them not to tell the media and such. My crew and I saved 47 people. Took some hits on our way out too… you can see some of the burns on Nightingale’s hull… like that one there. IN: So, these biodome pods you’re showing me now, once was the ship that took you to Orion system to save these 47 people? TFG: Interestingly, no. I couldn’t go in to Orion for this mission with biodome pods strapped to Nightingale… that just wouldn’t do. So Indira... may I call you Indira? IN: Of course, please do. TFG: So Indira, I called upon my dear friend Jack O’Leary who ran a Hope-class Endeavor named Mercy. He lent me his medical and landing bays for this mission. Interestingly these biodome pods have been here since then… I decided to bring Nightingale down here instead of bringing the farm pods back up… in the end. The rest of the buildings you see here are actually her, my ship.  Still protecting me. IN: Still living on, I’m sure she’s a comfort to you. I’m curious to know though why you decided to more or less invade the Orion system, risk discovery and possible death from the Vanduul, to rescue these people. Were they family? Friends? Was there a personal aspect that motivated you to do it? TFG: An old Genesis pilot I met in a freezing shithole of a bar in Oberon… I think the planet is Uriel? Anyway, he mentioned that he had heard from a reliable source that there were still folk stuck in Orion. Indira… two centuries of scraping together a life under constant threat of attack at any moment from the fucking Vanduul. Once I heard about those poor people I had to do something. But I’m not a fool. I checked with every source I could find and it seemed like the rumours had merit… that those people were actually there.  I thought I could help. Might’ve died trying, but what good is this ‘verse without people willing to help those who need it? IN: Very brave venture you undertook. Many of those families have been hiding or existing in Orion for generations now, the progeny of the original groups the UEE left behind when they vacated the system long ago. How did you know they wanted to be rescued or more to the point how did you get in touch with them to let them know you were coming? It otherwise might have been difficult to organize such a rescue. TFG: That’s the thing Indira, I couldn’t. I couldn’t risk the whole thing by broadcasting wide. I thought long and hard about it. If you were living in a place where you could die at any moment, even if it was home, wouldn’t you consider leaving so you and your family could be safe? IN: I would think so, but many of those families have grown accustomed to living stealthily. So, the 47 you rescued I would assume are the people you managed to either persuade to come with you or came of their own volition. Did you meet any Vanduul resistance either entering or leaving the system? TFG: Yeah… I was younger and a bit brash. I was going to Armitage to save people. If I had actually made it there I probably would have got everyone killed. As it turned out, during our pass by the main asteroid belt in Orion we got the luckiest and faintest hit on our sensors. We were a mite jumpy so at first we were sure it was the Vanduul come to tear us apart, but it became obvious after a few moments that it wasn’t anything of the sort. Turns out that a group of survivors from long ago had hidden out in the asteroid belt and eventually constructed a small space station out of several damaged ships and whatever scrap they could find. They had done a good job shielding it from scanners but the rickety thing was malfunctioning at that moment. IN: Sounds like a good bit of luck followed you into the Orion system. So, when you discovered the ‘space station’ did you manage to communicate with them or did you just send someone over to investigate? TFG: Still concerned about transmissions, I decided to just dispatch the ambulances from our bays to make contact. IN: And in doing so you found 47 survivors, and from what I’m hearing you arrived just at the right time before their current habitat started to fall into further disrepair.  Once you managed to dock with the station, you were able to evacuate the station and escape the system unscathed then? TFG: The folks were happy to see us. A bit wary, you understand, but once they knew fellow humans had come to help they were thrilled. They all came back with us. At that point the ship was getting very cozy… we had a total of 63 aboard. That was enough and from their tales it sounded like Armitage was a fool’s errand. Nightingale headed back for the jump point to Caliban but part way there we got the attention of a Vanduul patrol. They gave us a few scars for our efforts, though we ultimately were able to hold them off long enough to get through the jump. Caliban is no picnic either but thankfully we got through to Oberon unscathed. IN: Sounds like quite the adventure, Ted and I’m sure those 47 were unendingly grateful to you. I have one final question for you, after all that… what possessed you to give up a spacefaring life for that of a humble Goss farmer? TFG: They were grateful. They were. I was too though. It was the most exciting, nerve-wracking, and meaningful event of my life. That event grew some of my most cherished friendships. I still keep in contact with many of those folks. Interestingly, I actually married one of the survivors. Her name is Florence. Honestly after that I just felt that my adventuring days were over. It was time to come home, settle down, and do some work on the ground for once. For me at least, when it came down to it, I felt better to belong to a place. We’ve built a good life here, a nice place, don’t you think? IN: Indeed, it’s a very idyllic place to settle down and your story was not only inspiring but also shows that humanity can still do good things. Thank you for your time, Ted. I’m Indira Nooyi and this has been another edition of Tic-Talk, thanks for joining us and see you next week.  
              Tic-Talk Tonight: Lonnie Grant         
    Welcome to the newest edition of Tic-Talk, the transcript that follows is the full interview as conducted by Indira Nooyi with our guest interviewee, Lonnie Grant, captain of the Voyager. Interview was carried out on the planet Cascom in the Castra system on 2947-03-12. Indira Nooyi(IN): Good evening and welcome to another edition of Tic-Talk, I’m your host for the evening Indira Nooyi and with me tonight is the captain and pilot of a Freelancer DUR named Voyager. Thank you for joining me tonight, Mr. Grant. Lonnie Grant (LG): Thank you for having me on Indira. I love your show. IN: Thank you. Now Mr. Grant, you just recently discovered a new jump point, would you please tell our viewing audience a little bit about how you came to discover it. LG: Well you see Indira… it wasn’t really the most clever way to discover a jump point. It occurred to me that for the size of the system, Castra has an inordinate number of jump points… I think there were 5. It occurred to me that this concentration might be significant so I started scouring the outer rim of the system with my scanners. After a few days I got a hit on my jump scanners. IN: And upon closer investigation you found this new jump point, correct? LG: Yeah… it took me awhile to triangulate it but eventually I got close enough and she just opened up in front of me. They’re a beautiful sight, jump points. They’re all different… have their own character. IN: Did you immediately travel through it following discovery? LG: It’s always a nervous thing, you know? Plenty of explorers have vanished forever after attempting a new jump point. I guess that’s a long way of saying that I took some time... Wrote out messages for my family and friends and left them in a buoy before I ventured inside. IN: And what did you find on the other side? LG: Well first of all, this particular jump was pleasantly simple to navigate. Some of them can be really nasty. Either way, on the far side I discovered a red dwarf star with 4 major worlds orbiting, along with many other smaller worlds of course. IN: A brand new system then? LG: Yes! This is a fresh jump. IN: So, with that being said this opens up several possibilities to you. What do you see yourself doing with the jump point coordinates? Are you considering selling them to the military or off to a scientific research facility maybe? LG: My plan is to sell the coordinates to the UEE’s exploration and colonization division, and then return to the system to continue my work exploring the worlds it holds.  There’s a lot to learn! IN: That would make you a very rich man, Mr. Grant. Why continue to work and explore when you could retire and live the rest of your life in ease and comfort? LG: Honestly for most explorers… there’s a drive to keep pushing the edge of our knowledge and it doesn’t go away with a full bank account. I will always be most at home on the fringes, searching for the next horizon. Might have to update some of my equipment though! IN: Indeed and you will have the funds to do it. With this being a new system, I know that there is always a push to find new habitable worlds for humanity to colonize. Does this new system have anything that sets it apart from the rest? LG: So this is kind of interesting… This is a tiny star so the worlds orbit close. One appears too close, probably too hot. The furthest planet seems outside the habitable zone… although perhaps some extremophiles could live there. Once again though this is the long way of saying that the middle two planets appear habitable.  One is about the size of Earth and has large oceans covering about 80% of its surface.  The other one is smaller, about the size of Mars, and has limited water - maybe 20% ocean - but appears to support abundant life regardless. I haven’t taken any detailed scans yet… the new equipment would be right up that alley - help me get better quality scans. IN: So, at least two habitable worlds, your find might be more valuable then you consider it to be. If people were to move there today, what would they be calling this system? Do you plan to name it or leave that up to the scientists? LG: Well Indira, you have to understand that it is rare in an explorer’s career that they find anything of really major value. Comets, lucrative asteroids, small black holes… these are common place and enough to keep you going but new star systems are really the dream. I have thought of a name and I will be submitting it, with your approval. I do love your show, so I was going to name the system Indira. IN: Wow, I don’t know what to say, Mr. Grant. I’m very flattered. I only hope that whatever name you choose does the system justice. Sounds like you’ve found yourself a small little paradise. I sincerely wish you luck on your next adventure and again thank you for joining me tonight and sharing your story. Maybe it will inspire the next generation of explorers to go out there and find their own jump point. I’m Indira Nooyi and this has been another edition of Tic-Talk, thanks for joining us and see you next week.  
              The Day Mars Died         
    Trevor Adams woke early on the morning of September 13th, 2125, his alarm ringing loudly in his ears.  Well, I suppose singing would probably be a better description.  Birds.  No birds up here and Trevor loved birds. After an exaggerated morning stretch, Trevor stumbled into the shower and then proceeded to wrap up his morning bathroom rituals.   Trevor whistled one of the bird songs from his alarm as he pulled on his overalls and spacesuit.  No helmet for the fifth straight day… company says they’re still mandatory but not a single worker is wearing it.  Why would you bother if you’re fine without it?   Atmospheric Engineer was his title.  He was proud of it.  Trevor worked tirelessly in school to prepare himself for a career in the burgeoning field of terraforming and here he was. The Mars terraforming project was a great success.  Only 12 years after terraforming technology was first patented, Trevor and his team had already set up a stable breathable atmosphere on Mars.  The achievement was, if you would forgive a brief pun, out of this world. Trevor’s task for this sol was to visit three atmospheric monitoring stations, to ensure the readings continued to be stable, and perform any necessary maintenance on the associated atmospheric processors. Despite the fact that there were almost five thousand people on Mars, Trevor was working alone in an isolated area and had been for several weeks. Munching absentmindedly on a nutrient bar, his breakfast, he strode out of the habitat unit and jumped on to his Marver (some smart ass had decided that Mars Rover = Marver.  I know…).  It was a short and uneventful trip up out of the crater and up onto the south ridge to visit ATMO-63, first workstation of the day. Having finished his breakfast, Trevor took a long swig of water from his flask and strode inside the complex automated station. It took hardly a glance at the display panels inside ATMO-63 for Trevor to understand that something was seriously wrong.   Trevor immediately began working the problem, thinking it was perhaps localized to ATMO-63. Unfortunately, the huge success of the Mars Terraforming mission had led to significant lapses in the duties of the responsible scientists and engineers.  Last night had been a particularly big party at the main hab.  No one else had checked their stations yet on this sol. The fact was that ATMO-63 was not an isolated case.  All of the atmospheric processors on Mars had been malfunctioning for hours.  In order for the system to establish a stable atmosphere, all of the processors had to work together. Trevor worked to isolate the cause of the abnormal behaviour of the terraforming machine while also attempting to contact the main habitat. Before he could get far in his work, Trevor noted something truly terrifying.  Instruments were reading a massive buildup of pure oxygen inside and around ATMO-63.  Trevor immediately turned and started to head for the exit from the station when he heard a deafening WHOOSH followed for just a fraction of a second by the most intense heat he had ever experienced. And that was it. The explosion at ATMO-63 was massive, visible all the way from the main habitat, and almost instantly every other atmospheric processor on the planet overloaded and exploded.  The interdependency that made the whole system work to build Mars’ atmosphere was what ultimately caused the deaths of all 4,876 souls on Mars that day.  Mars’ new atmosphere catastrophically collapsed. Approximately 9 months later, during the investigation into the disaster, Trevor Adams’ body would be found in the Martian sand near the ruin of ATMO-63.   Hailey Jones, a dear friend of Trevor’s, would be among those to find his remains.  She personally dug a grave for her friend and marked it with a small plaque and a tiny audio device.  For many years on calm sols one could hear bird songs drifting over the crater from the south ridge.
              Purple Rain        
    Who remembers back in the late nineties/early noughties, when purple was the colour to deck out your room, adorn yourself and paint your nails in if you happened to be a girl aged nine to thirteen with a penchant for Mizz Magazine, lava lamps and wavy, silver-framed mirrors? It was cooler than liking the Barbie-reminiscent, childhood-connotative pink, yet still feminine enough to be girly without having the tomboyish reference of blue. I think my first style encounter with purple as a 'cool', I'm-not-a-kid-anymore colour, was when, aged nine, I persuaded my mum to buy me a sequin-covered, satiny pair of low strappy heels from Tammy Girl to wear at the school disco. The more my mum shook her head at the Spice Girl-esque shoes with their miniture heels and repeated that they were too old for a girl my age, the more I inevitably wanted them, until finally she gave in, making me possibly the happiest nine year old girl on the planet. I thought I would love those shoes forever.

    After that, purple was officially my favourite colour. I proclaimed a strong dislike for baby pink, adorned my eyelids with cheap purple eyeshadow from Boots and became the height of cool (or so I thought) by wearing those hideous stretchy plastic neck chokers from Claire's Accessories (remember those, girls??) Like any other self respecting pre-teen my age, when I was eventually allowed to have my room decorated in a colour of my choice, I went to town with an entirely lilac and silver colour scheme (FYI- our house resembled a building site for most of my pre-teen years, when we lived in a tent in the back of our garden whilst the entire roof was taken off and put back on again, before moving back in and living with bare plastered walls and glassless windows covered in plastic sheeting for a considerable amount of time, so finally having an actual room with painted walls was kiiiind of a huge deal for me).

    It was about the time I approached the age of fourteen, when I became a teenager overnight, that purple was suddenly no longer en-vouge. No longer content to listen to Dido CDs on my silver stereo whilst I crimped my hair and told ghost-stories to my friends on my purple, star-scattered duvet, I filled my days with reading melodramatic romance novels (The Thorn Birds, anyone?) watching hip-hop stars shake their bootys on MTV and lusting after miniscule items of fabric resembling clothing from stores like Clobber and Jane Norman (I know- the memory still haunts me today!) My desire to fit in and to become 'popular' and fanciable took over, and pink was suddenly acceptable again.  I adorned my planner with stereotypical-heartbroken-misunderstood-teen song lyrics, inked carefully in bubblegum pink gel pen, and drew felt-tipped coloured pictures of Disney Princesses to impress the popular girls (whose year eleven planners were covered in Disney Shop sticky-tape, printed with the pretty faces of Belle, Ariel, Jasmine, Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella). I found a new relatability in the Disney princess films I'd watched as a child, suddenly able to fully appreciate the romance of being whisked into jasmine-scented night air on a magic carpet and into a diamond-studded sky by the handsome Aladdin. When I was sixteen, Barbie pink, Disney Princesses and girly memorabilia suddenly became cool again, whilst my sequin covered purple shoes were probably donated to a charity shop along with the purple dress with black lace overlay that I wore to celebrate the millennium. Having fully embraced my girly side again, I unashamedly sprayed my hair with magenta streaks, built up a collection of candy-coloured tops, skirts and dresses and lusted after boys in pink Hacket polos and pink-striped lacoste shirts. When I was finally allowed to re-decorate my room again, just before my GCSEs, the look was full-blown baby pink and black: think baby pink satin curtains edged with black beading and pink satin headboard embroidered with the outline of a black lace heart. Pink was in again, and I incorporated it into my makeup draw, pencil case, and of course, wardrobe. From the ages of fourteen to the age of around nineteen, I don't think I wore one single purple item.

    Since then, purple has slowly began to filter back into my style radar, and these days, being someone who is no longer limited by the desire to fit in as I was in my adolescence, I find that there is space in my closet for anything which happens to be inspiring me at the current moment, weather or not it's 'in'. My re-introduction to purple has began slowly, with a sparkly vintage indigo slip here and a deep mauve, slightly shimmery Mac lipstick there (it's called Violetta, btw, and it's my new best friend.)

    Just lately I've begun to be more and more inspired by the colour purple, and seduced by it's mystical, magical connotations. To me, as well as being the colour of my child-to-teen transition years, purple is the colour of night, mystery and magic. It's the colour of a star- filled, inky-dark night sky, a velvety smooth, gently rippling ocean and, correct me if I'm wrong, but I'm pretty sure it's the colour of Dumbledore's moon-and-star covered cloak in the first Harry Potter book. What's more- for some reason- purple to me is also the colour that I feel best epitomizes the whole Harry Potter Series- that feeling of snuggling on the leather sofas on a humid day in our old playroom in summer whilst a thunderstorm rages against the rain-washed windows, that feeling of smelling the summer rain mixed with that distinctive, comforting musty smell of the pages of a book whilst reading about Hogwarts and Honeydukes and the Three Broomsticks- that magical, cosy feeling is inescapably and undeniably purple. And since I have been re-reading the entire Harry Potter Series almost every summer since I was eleven as a kind of tradition, I am currently starting again on The Prisoner of Azkaban, which is making me feel in a thoroughly purple mood indeed.

    Purple also reminds me of violets, which I think are some of the most beautiful, vibrant-petaled flowers there are. Right now in our garden, an array of lovely, jewel-toned purple flowers have recently burst into bloom, and when you look outside at dusk, it's like this muted lush green backdrop, scattered with dots of bright, vivid, purple that just seem to glow ultra-violet, like gems in the dimness.          

    These are all the things that are collectively inspiring me right now, and making me fall a little head over heels for the deep, mystical, night-sky shade. Not to mention that my uber-stylish friend Justine recently wore out a sparkly purple vintage top as a dress which I am a tiny bit obsessed with. As any readers of my previous posts will know, I have a major thing for vintage and also for anything sparkly, so if it's sparkly, vintage and purple, then you really can't get any better. Right now I love the idea of throwing on a sparkly, over-sized top/dress, teaming it with mega heels, tonnes of necklaces and long, wavy, free flowing hair. Here are some pictures that capture my current purple haze:

    Our garden at dusk, taken by me just after the rain had fallen:

      There's nothing like getting stuck into Harry's magical world for some mystical fashion inspiration worthy of Professor Trelawny (I get so inspired reading about her many glittering necklaces and strings of beads draped over layered-up, spangled shawls as she gazes into a crystal ball).

    From left: sparkly vintage top from Rokit, sheer lace purple blouse- gift from a vintage modeling shoot, purple dress, from a vintage shop in London

    These pics are all from the modeling shoot I recently did- sadly none of the clothes are mine, but these potfits were two of my favourites!
    Me wearing sparkly purple top, Rokit Vintage, Bomber jacket, Rokit Vintage, levis cut-offs, Rokit Vintage, booys, Topshop

    Hop you all enjoyed the post...:-) xxxxxxxxxxx
              Quotes of the Week        

    “These days, it's not just leftie troublemakers who doubt that benefits going direct to big business will trickle down to the rest of us, it's every punter in the street.”  [Economics Editor at The Sydney Morning Herald, Ross Gittins, 24 July 2017]

    “Six months into his presidency, Donald Trump is saddled with a stalled agenda, a West Wing that resembles a viper’s nest, a pile of investigations and a Republican Party that is starting to break away.”  [Journalists Julie Pace and Jonathan Lemire writing in The Washington Post, 29 July 2017]

    “This White House is broken, perhaps beyond repair. It can’t do anything right. It can’t issue executive orders that are enforceable. It can’t pass legislation. It can’t prioritize the president’s agenda. It can’t get anybody on the same page. In a normal White House, all of those things flow from an empowered White House chief of staff who can execute the president’s agenda and most importantly tell him what he does not want to hear. And none of that is happening.”  [Author Chris Whipple quoted in The Washington Post, 31 July 2017]

    “Yeah. He’s like a conveyor belt for bad overseas ideas.” [Journalist Richard Chirgwin tweeting about Australian Prime Minster Malcolm Turnbull on 2 August 2017]

    “By August 2 2017, we will have used more from Nature than our planet can renew in the whole year…..This means that in seven months, we emitted more carbon than the oceans and forests can absorb in a year, we caught more fish, felled more trees, harvested more, and consumed more water than the Earth was able to produce in the same period.” [World Wildlife Fund quoted in the Independent on 2 August 2017]

              All That Glitters...        
    It is my personal belief, that deep down inside every woman, there lies a secretly burning passion for all things that sparkle. After all, isn't that  why diamonds are a girl's best friend? I believe that deep down within even the most tomboyish of girls, there is a secret lust for things that twinkle, things that shimmer, things that sparkle, shine, glitter and gleam. No? Okay, just me then...

    But seriously, ever since I was a little girl, I've been obsessed with glitter. I recall this one time, when one of my oldest friends (that means you, Leah Rossi!) and I sat in my bathroom, when we were about ten or eleven years old, collecting together all the glitter in my house that we could find. We collected up hair glitter, sparkly body spray, glittery mascara, glitter nail polish, glittery talc, shimmer face powder, you name it (remember all that 90's/early 00's stuff?)

    We sampled each of the products, spraying them and puffing them and squeezing them and what have you over the bath, so that it wouldn't go all over the floor, and analysing the different types of glitter. We decided to categorize the different types, to see which was the best. There was glitter with huge shiny bits in it, glitter in tiny particles that gave more of a subtle, shimmery effect...I can still smell the glitter spray now, heady and gluey and with that note of excitement and anticipation on it- it was the spray I put on whenever I was going to a school disco or a year six birthday party or to one of my parents' big new year's eve bashes. I think we thought we were glitter scientists or something. Leah, if you are reading this, you probably don't even recall this weird random memory, but you know what I'm like for having a freakishly good memory when it comes to this stuff! It reminds me of a time even further back, when Leah and I decided to paint all the china ornaments in my room with my gold glittery nail varnish, and the times we used to make 'gems' out of lumps of wet toilet paper left to dry and coloured in with felt-tipped pens and painted with the same glittery nail polish (now I know you remember that!)

    Well, weather or not anyone else shares this particular magpie tendency of mine (and Leah's!) to want to squeal with delight at the sight of glitter, that's what's got me all girlishly excited about my latest look. I'm calling it 'all that glitters' (another Sex and the City Reference, for any of those equally geekily obsessed fans among you). It all started with the outfit that I put together on one of my previous posts, the one with the pink sequined top and the leopard print heels (which I have now bought, and can't WAIT to wear out!) I loved the way the sequins on the top looked like those pink edible cake sparkles you can buy, and the way they winked and flashed and twinkled like stars in the light with my every tiny movement...

    I also adored the soft pale pink of it, and the combination of the sparkles and the girlish pastel hue. So, when I came across this GORGEOUS little vintage gem on my travels in Greenwich a few days later, I simply couldn't get it out of my head.

                                              (here is is, pictured with the pink Topshop top)

    I was browsing the rails in The Vintage Emporium, to see if there was anything that caught my eye, when I glimpsed it, twinkling softly in the dusty light. It was a pale, mint green, sixties style top, which also happened to be sparkly (insert inward screams of delight). I held it up to myself in the mirror and noticed that it went perfectly with my skin tone and hair colour (don't you just LOVE making those discoveries?) but then quickly told myself that I didn't need yet ANOTHER little sparkly top. I moved on to the next shop, The Beehive, which is a total treasure trove of affordable vintage pieces (not to mention owned by the most lovely, friendly, beautiful lady whom I spent a good long while chatting to about all things fashion) and ended up buying an eighties-tastic jumper, featuring a similar colour of green (which I have been living in all week- thanks Beehive!)

    That weekend, I simply couldn't make myself forget the darling little mint green top. It danced tantalizingly in front of my eyes inside my head, calling to me in a sound like crystals twinkling and clinking together (I know I'm getting totally carried away now, but I really did love the top). So, today I went back to The Vintage Emporium and bought it. Did I mention that it was only £15?? Total bargain, I know!

    It goes perfectly with the other stuff I bought to go with the pink Topshop top, so that's two outfits I have yet to wear out! In addition to this, I also decided I needed a cream fur coat to complete the outfit, and found this beauty on ebay, which I won (yay!) and which was delivered today:

    Don't you just love it!? It's real rabbit fur and sooo luxuriously soft and snuggly. I would just like to point out, that although I would never condone the purchase of new fur, this coat is vintage and therefore second hand. Hence, wearing it is actually a form of recycling, and if no one wore it, it would only be rotting away in some landfill somewhere, polluting the planet. ANYWAY.

    The pretty ice cream shades of the tops and the coat got me thinking about Tavi's fantastic Valley of the Dolls posts that I've recently read. If you want to check it out, go to:
    For anyone who doesn't already know this-Tavi is amazing. Her blog was one of the main things that inspired me to start this. But getting back to my main point, her post was inspired by the 1966 novel, Valley of the Dolls, which was turned into a film in 1967. I have yet to actually see the film (it's on my list of fashionable things to watch, along with The Taxi Driver, which apparently is the film to channel for the current on-trend seventies vibe) but I've seen pictures from it, and am loving the pretty, innocent but plastic doll-like look that's going on. The look is all about pastels, candy colours, pretty-girl makeup and a kind of creepy doll-like perfection. Think of the candy-coloured houses in Edward Scissorhands (Tavi also references this in her post- I give her full credit for it- although I've always loved that image anyway!)

    To complete the all-that-glitters-meets-Valley-of-the-Dolls-look that I'm loving right now, I also bought two gorgeous Barry M lipsticks, one in an amazingly bright, shocking, almost fluorescent pink, and one in a beautiful pale chalky coral. I love the totally matte texture of the lipsticks combined with the intense, opaque quality of the colours. I have searched high and low for a reeeaally bright pink lipstick with a totally matte finish, and this is the first one I've found. Thanks Barry M!

    I am planning on wearing this look with fun, unexpected twists like leopard print (cue my new heels!), garishly bright lipstick and flashy, gold vintage jewelery to give it a trashy/fun/glam edge. And of course, extra long, doll-like lashes. Pictures of me wearing the outfits will follow (I want you to see them with the full benefit of my two hours of pampering, hair and makeup that I will do when I actually wear them out!)

    Here are some pictures that I feel capture the girly/glam vibe of the all that glitters look with it's Valley of the Dolls feel...enjoy!
     My magpie collection of sparkly tops! From left: vintage from ebay, vintage from ebay, vintage from Rokit, vintage from a shop in Whitechapel, vintage from The Vintage Emporium Greenwich, and Topshop.

     My pretty ice cream shaded tops go perfectly with my gold vintage bag from Rokit which I have actually worn to death!
    (clockwise from top) bracelet: Topshop, cuff: Topshop, earrings: from a charity shop in Hunstanton, earrings: also from charity shop in Hunstanton, ring: Topshop, necklace: vintage from Greenwich Market (only 99p!)

    My Barry M lipsticks, Topshop glitter, Benefit eyeshadow and Mac eyeshadow. Tutti-fruitti shades like this were seen all over the SS11 catwalks!

                                      I <3 Dolly Mixtures! xxx

      Glitter is a girl's best friend...
                                                     The Valley of the Dolls Look
    Hope you enjoyed the post, and please feel free to leave any comments! Have a sparkly day...

    The Porcelain Princes
              Tori's Review: Avalon (Avalon #1) by Mindee Arnett        
    Avalon by Mindee Arnett
    Book One in the Avalon Series
    Published on January 21, 2014 by Balzer + Bray
    Young Adult | Science Fiction | Dystopian
    432 Pages
    Goodreads | Amazon | B&N
    A ragtag group of teenage mercenaries who crew the spaceship Avalon stumble upon a conspiracy that could threaten the entire galaxy in this fascinating and fast-paced sci-fi adventure from author Mindee Arnett.

    Of the various star systems that make up the Confederation, most lie thousands of light-years from First Earth-and out here, no one is free. The agencies that govern the Confederation are as corrupt as the crime bosses who patrol it, and power is held by anyone with enough greed and ruthlessness to claim it. That power is derived from one thing: metatech, the devices that allow people to travel great distances faster than the speed of light.

    Jeth Seagrave and his crew of teenage mercenaries have survived in this world by stealing unsecured metatech, and they're damn good at it. Jeth doesn't care about the politics or the law; all he cares about is earning enough money to buy back his parents' ship, Avalon, from his crime-boss employer and getting himself and his sister, Lizzie, the heck out of Dodge. But when Jeth finds himself in possession of information that both the crime bosses and the government are willing to kill for, he is going to have to ask himself how far he'll go to get the freedom he's wanted for so long.

    Avalon is the perfect fit for teens new to sci-fi as well as seasoned sci-fi readers looking for more books in the YA space-and a great match for fans of Joss Whedon's cult hit show Firefly.
    Jeth Seagrave lives in a world where a police force called the ITA monitors the planets and people can travel at the speed of light in their spaceships using metadrives. In this futuristic world, Jeth works for a powerful man named Hammer Dafoe, who's basically the equivalent to a drug overlord in today, stealing spaceships and metadrives from the ITA.

    On one of Jeth's missions, he runs into an ITA agent who's willing to work with Jeth to betray Hammer in exchange for information on Jeth's parents who were murdered by the ITA for treason. This supposed alliance starts Avalon off with a bang, which is something I appreciate.

    There are few aspects of Avalon that are memorable--the beginning, Cora, and the ending. The way I see it, Avalon is extremely forgettable. There are strong parts in the novel--again, the beginning, Cora, the ending (in some ways)--but I feel as though the weak parts outweigh the strong. 

    Right off the bat, Jeth is thrown into action and being forced to make difficult decisions. The setback in starting a novel right off the bat is that none of the characters' decisions make sense to the reader, because they haven't connected with any of the characters yet. This was Avalon's biggest flaw to me: I didn't relate to any of the characters whatsoever. I could've cared less whether or not Jeth and his crew died, which is sad. 

    A really strong part of this book, as I mentioned above, is Cora, a little girl who escaped the ITA's clutches with the help of Sierra, a daring AWOL ITA officer, and the assistance of another AWOL ITA officer. Without spoiling the novel, I'll say that Cora's background made Avalon what it is right now. 

    The world-building is lacking immensely. As a reader, I never learned how this futuristic world came to be. These characters are in this universe with spaceships that can travel at the speed of light and practically jump themselves anywhere in space, and yet I'm never told how this was achievable. 

    In conclusion, I think hardcore science fiction lovers should stay away from this novel, but newbies or casual readers could pick this up and enjoy the adventure. Although the world was interesting and the plot was definitely adventurous, I don't think this book has what it takes to stick in my mind, considering I've already forgotten half the characters' names. 

    (Shame on me. I read a lot.)

              Comment on New Project – week1 by Leisha Halferty        
    Keep the posting up. I never thought i'd realize a personal that had near the same grasp of worldly knowldege , however, you're that beacon of hope in humanityI hope you continue to bring your knowldge and enlightenment to the planet and never let your expression be squelched Live robust
              Forgiveness, or Why I Like Stargate but Not Hoagland, Creationists, Planet Xers, etc.        
    Introduction I’ve thought about writing this post for awhile but never got around to it. Now, I’m writing it instead of going to bed. If you couldn’t figure it out from the title, the purpose of this post is to discuss why I like some television shows and movies that incorporate some bad science and […]
              Planet Microbe: How the Smallest Organisms Created Our World and Are Now Saving It        
              Today, Earth Overshoot Day        

    To gain practical skills for sustainability management, join us at the COMMIT! Forum in DC October 11-12 2017 By Tom Schueneman Today is Earth Overshoot Day. As of today, the year is done for planet Earth, she has given a year’s worth of natural resources.  It may seem counter-intuitive at first. Obviously, we aren’t done with […]

    The post Today, Earth Overshoot Day appeared first on CR Magazine.

              Granny Pantyhose - Tarney Halle TransPantyhose :: Rafaela Carneiro salacious pantyhose shemale gal        
    Granny Pantyhose Tarney Halle just finished cleaning her whole house and she"s done super early. She decides to set up one of her well polished chairs in her dinning room and sit down for a bit wearing the lingerie she wanted to show her husband. Sitting there she starts to pose in her stockings and sheer panties. As she moves and undulates her body back and forth she starts to get a little horny and wants her husband there now, but since he isn"t she lets her hands explore her own body and just tries to enjoy the moment. VIEW GALLERY >>>Tarney Halle TransPantyhose :: Rafaela Carneiro salacious pantyhose shemale galRelated tags: granny pantyhose, amputee women on peg legs, granny pantyhose, sexy long womens legs, granny pantyhose, son watching moms in pantyhose and stockingsgranny pantyhoseThe New Site: Planet High HeelsENTER TO PLANET HIGH HEELSgranny pantyhose This married couple will never have a boring night if Erica has her black silky nylons on. She loves. She just loves the feeling of being pounded like a little slut, but the stocking have to stay on to fully satisfy this naughty sexpot. Oh and don t forget to cum in my mouth big boy , she hollers as he fuck toy splatters her with his joy. How wet does Tina s pussy get when she wears her nylons? Only Chris knows as he makes her suck his cock dry before giving her what she really needs. The feel of her sheer nylons being invaded turns this little whore on so much that she cums so fast. The only thing that can make her cunt even juicier is another good hard fuck. Clad in see through nylons, Emily wasted no time in pushing Don s tongue down to her tight cunt. Eating her like a slave, Dan gave this little vixen what she needed most. It didn t take long for his cock to travel through her nylons and into her eager pussy. Deanna s clit swells just as much as her lover s cock. Milking the juices out of his exploding shaft brings Deanna to her own climax. As his load spills out of her mouth, Deanna can only think of what is cumming next. Dan s mistress showed up at his house with just her nylons and top on. It was such a delicious surprise that these two lovers scrogged into an afternoon fuck-fest that ended with Dan completely dry. Fucked like the taboo girl she was, Brittany still wanted more. Feeling his big log against the top of her black fishnet nylons was almost as nice as having that big cock between Lila s smooth cherry lips. But it even got better when her lover pounded his cock into Lila s readily spread legs, giving her a most appetizing sensation. Her red stocking, always makes Deanna s husband horny. As his hard cock invades her strawberry lips, Deanna gobbles up his hard shaft. Red stockings always bring out the animal in Deanna and savagely slurping on his enormous cock helps satisfy her sluttish urges. Nina s see-through nylons only made her cunt the sweeter. As her twat got juicy the only remedy for that type of problem is a big fat pole. Rubbing his cock against her nylons was not all that Tom was going to do. Plunging into that tight pussy never felt so good. As her black nylons became moist with her hot juices, Nellie didn t know which cock to grab first. Well Nellie took both cocks in hand. Why choose between two of a good thing? Getting filled in both ends made this horny little slut cum like a train. But no one seemed to mind. Stephanie gets off to the spank of a good spatula, but she has to be wearing her hot stockings for it to really make her cum. Each successive smack of the spatula makes Stephanie s hot twat glisten with quivering excitement. It doesn t take long before the spatula is covered with her sweet cummy batter. Hot Betty is not shy about her pantyhose addiction. Her passion for stockings is so big that she is ready to put them all over her great body! Watch her pussy games in fishnet stockings because she needs attention from you so bad! As he slipped Natasha s nylons down to reveal the tightest cunt ever, Andy knew what his job was. Hit the pussy until she squeals like a little schoolgirl. Natasha didn t mind, her nylons were soaked with her tasty love juices, only a gigantic cock would fill her up. To her satisfaction, more then one cock was available, so she dived into the world of hot threesome. Reanna has a nylon fetish along with her voyeuristic habits. As her friend Trina watches, Reanna has her coochie eaten through her nylons. Nobody does it better than her boyfriend. Cumming like a little race horse, Reanna empties her love juices into Tom s thirsty mouth. Only to have the same favor returned moments later. This delicious redhead in teasing nylon knows how to make you horny in a matter of seconds. Don t believe? See Mary playing with her pussy and only when you watch her action up to end, you will understand what I was talking about
              La ruta de la tinta en África        
    La ruta de la tinta en África

    Por Edgardo Civallero

    Si les pido que piensen en "bibliotecas africanas", probablemente la mayoría de ustedes verá, en su imaginación, las unidades modernas de las distintas naciones del gran continente. Pero si les pido que piensen en "bibliotecas africanas de hace cinco siglos", de esa época en la que aún gran parte de esas tierras era un misterio para los europeos que luego las "descubrieron"... ¿en qué pensarían?

    [Si esto fuera un auditorio, éste sería el odioso momento en el cual todo el mundo se queda callado y revisa concienzudamente sus manos, la nuca de la persona de delante, los desperfectos del suelo...].

    Nos han vendido muchas veces la imagen del "África tribal", del "continente negro", de "la tierra del tamtam y la tradición oral", de las "expresiones artísticas como medio de transmisión de saberes"... Los clásicos de Hollywood, los libros de viajes de los exploradores del s. XIX, y el enorme imaginario popular creado de a poco probablemente hagan que pensemos en un África hecha de danzas exóticas y cantos más exóticos aún, y en pueblos sin escritura, sin libros y, por supuesto, sin bibliotecas.

    Quizás algunos se sorprendan cuando cuente que uno de los grandes centros de saber de ese continente –uno de la talla de otros grandes núcleos contemporáneos– estaba en el borde mismo del desierto del Sahara, en uno de los cruces de rutas comerciales más importantes de aquella región del planeta.

    Se llamaba –y aún se llama– Timbuktu. Y hoy pretendo contarles un poco de su historia y de la de sus libros.

    Timbuktu (o Tombuctu, por su grafía francesa) se encuentra en el actual estado de Malí, en el África occidental. Fue fundada hace diez siglos por los Tuareg o Targui, los famosos "hombres azules de desierto", nómades de origen bereber que deambulaban en sus dromedarios a través de ese enorme país sin dueño que era el desierto del Sahara (por cierto, ¿sabían que "Sahara" significa precisamente "desierto" en árabe?). Estos pueblos –que, curiosamente, ya habían desarrollado un milenario sistema de escritura– fundaron la villa, aunque fueron mercaderes de la vecina ciudad-estado de Djenne los que la poblaron inicialmente, levantando un gran número de mercados y asentamientos mercantiles. Muy pronto Timbuktu se convirtió en un lugar próspero, pues se encontraba en el cruce de las caravanas trans-saharianas. Esas caravanas intercambiaban bienes entre el norte islámico (sal) y la zona del Níger, al sur (oro, esclavos, marfil, frutas), y era lugar de descanso para las interminables tropas de camellos porteadores, y para sus conductores.

    Para el siglo XI había un buen número de comerciantes de las etnias Fulani, Mandé y Tuareg asentados allí. Todos ellos eran musulmanes. La ciudad perteneció a varios imperios: al de Ghana, al de Malí desde 1324, al Songhay desde 1468... Dentro del Imperio Songhay, Timbuktu fue "la joya de la corona", siendo esa su época de máximo esplendor.

    [Resulta increíble la enorme cantidad y variedad de ciudades–estados, imperios y confederaciones que surgieron y desaparecieron en África antes de que la historia europea alcanzara a esos pueblos. Muchas veces estamos dispuestos a creer que allí no hubo historia ni nada digno de mención hasta la llegada de exploradores como Livingstone, Stanley, Burton... Pero, como dije al principio, no son más que partes del imaginario popular].

    En 1591, la ciudad fue capturada por una banda de aventureros marroquíes capitaneados por un renegado español, el llamado "Pachá Joder". Pachá era título honorífico, y la otra palabreja era la interjección que salía más a menudo de la boca de ese malhablado individuo (interjección que nuestros lectores ibéricos sabrán reconocer, sin duda). Ese fue el inicio del fin del esplendor de Timbuktu. En 1893 cae bajo el poder colonial francés –no sin la dura resistencia de los Tuareg– y en 1960 gana su independencia junto con todo el Sudán francés (actual Malí). En los 90, la ciudad sufrió el ataque de los Tuareg, que pretendían crear su propio estado. La llamada "Rebelión Tuareg" no duró mucho, y terminó con una quema de armas en 1996.

    Hoy es una ciudad bastante empobrecida, pero durante siglos constituyó un misterio para los europeos, especialmente porque, al ser un centro musulmán, estaba prohibida la entrada a todo aquel que no profesara la religión de Mahoma. Se contaban leyendas sin fin sobre sus riquezas –muchas de ellas basadas en hechos reales– y fueron numerosos los individuos y organizaciones occidentales que quisieron "descubrir" (ese era el verbo usado) Timbuktu y sus tesoros de fábula. En 1788, un grupo de ingleses formó la African Association para lograr encontrar la ciudad y ponerla sobre el mapa del continente. La Sociedad de Geografía de París ofreció, en 1824, un premio de 10.000 francos al primer no-musulmán que entrara a la ciudad y volviera con información. El escocés Gordon Laing llegó en 1826, pero fue asesinado. El francés René Caillié lo hizo en 1828, disfrazado de musulmán, y pudo regresar para contarlo y adueñarse tanto del premio como del dudoso honor de haber sido el primer europeo en entrar en la legendaria villa. Sólo otros tres europeos pudieron imitar su hazaña antes de 1890.

    Es un UNESCO World Heritage Site desde 1988, debido a sus mezquitas hechas de adobe y barro, una imagen que proporciona a esa ciudad –y a otras de la región– un tremendo halo de misterio. Según se dice, las siluetas de esas construcciones inspiraron al arquitecto catalán Antonio Gaudí. Lamentablemente, la ciudad se está desertificando, y ha sido declarada en peligro desde 1990. Tan misteriosa es que una encuesta de 2006 realizada entre jóvenes británicos arrojó que el 34 % no creía que la ciudad existiese, y que un 66 % la consideraba "un lugar mítico".

    A lo largo del s. XV se levantaron un buen número de instituciones islámicas en Timbuktu. La más famosa es la mezquita de Sankore, también conocida como "Universidad de Sankore" por la madrasa o escuela islámica que alojaba. Esa fue construida en 1581, y se convirtió en el centro de la comunidad académica islámica de esa región, aunque otras mezquitas aún sobrevivientes –la de Djinguereber o la de Sidi Yahya– son mucho más antiguas.

    Una madrasa islámica no tiene nada que ver con una universidad medieval europea (por comparar instituciones de la misma época). La madrasa estaba compuesta por un grupo de escuelas independientes, cada una gestionada por un maestro. Los estudiantes se asociaban a un determinado profesor, y las clases tenían lugar en los espacios abiertos de la mezquita o en residencias privadas. El foco básico de las clases era el estudio del Corán, pero también se enseñaba lógica, astronomía, historia, música, botánica, religión, comercio, derecho y matemáticas. Los académicos escribían sus propios libros como parte de un modelo socio-económico basado en la investigación. Los beneficios obtenidos por la venta de libros era el segundo negocio de la ciudad, después del comercio de oro y sal. Se conservaban más de 100.000 manuscritos en la villa, la mayoría escritos en árabe o en pulaar (la lengua de los Fulani) y con contenidos didácticos sobre los temas tratados en la madrasa.

    El nivel alcanzado por la producción de libros y conocimientos entre el s. XVI y XVIII hicieron que se acuñara un refrán, que sirve como testamento a esa brillante era: "La sal viene del norte; el oro, del sur; pero la palabra de Dios y los tesoros de la sabiduría vienen de Timbuktu".

    Se cree que había más de 120 bibliotecas en la ciudad, que formaban parte de la "ruta de la tinta" africana. Esta arrancaba desde el norte de África y, siguiendo las rutas de las caravanas, llegaban al este del continente, también dominado por comerciantes árabes. En tiempos recientes, las bibliotecas se redujeron a unas 60-80 instituciones privadas, que se dedicaban a conservar los invaluables manuscritos. Entre ellas destacan hoy las bibliotecas Mamma Haidara, Kati, Al-Wangari y Mohammed Tahar. La biblioteca de la familia Kati posee 3.000 documentos de origen andalusí: los más antiguos están datados entre los s. XIV y XV. Hay más de un millón de documentos originales conservados hoy en Malí, y se supone que hay otros 20 millones en otras partes de África, en especial en la vecina región de Sokoto, Nigeria. Muchos de ellos son conservados como tesoros por familias que nunca revelarán su existencia.

    Existen varios proyectos internacionales conjuntos que pretenden rescatar todo ese patrimonio. En agosto de 2002 se mantuvo el Ink Road International Symposium en Bamako (capital de Malí). En 2006, un esfuerzo conjunto de los gobiernos de Malí y Sudáfrica permitió comenzar la investigación al respecto. UNESCO ha iniciado el Timbuktu Manuscript Project, y en la ciudad, una fundación se dedica a la preservación de documentos históricos. No quedan artesanos del libro, aunque existen muchos recuerdos de ese oficio, que constituyó una industria floreciente hace mucho tiempo.

    La historia que nos suelen enseñar –la de los libros, y tantas otras– parece demasiado concentrada en Europa, y muy pocas veces presta debida atención a otros espacios geográficos y culturales. El esbozo aquí realizado sobre África occidental podría también elaborarse sobre América Central prehispánica, sobre su producción de bellos códices y sobre su industria de papel de corteza amatl. ¿Cuánto nos han dicho sobre eso? ¿Cuánto hemos aprendido? ¿Cuánto sabemos?

    Lejos de pretender "dar la voz a los sin voz", quizás en este espacio podamos "refrescar las memorias". Memorias de mundos que tuvieron, ellos también, diestros encuadernadores, magníficos ilustradores y expertos investigadores. Como los de Timbuktu.


              Caminos de pastores        
    Caminos de pastores

    Por Edgardo Civallero

    Estamos parando, durante este mes de marzo, en un pequeño pueblo de la llamada "sierra pobre" de Madrid, que en su día perteneció a la provincia de Segovia. El pueblo en cuestión se llama Bustarviejo, y es un lugar en el que todavía –a pesar del avance de "lo moderno"– se conserva bastante de la vida tranquila de las villas del interior castellano.

    Por aquí, por Bustarviejo, desde donde les escribo hoy, pasaba la Cañada Real, una de las rutas de los pastores trashumantes. En tiempos pasados –y aún hoy, aunque sólo sea una débil sombra de lo que fue– los rebaños de ovejas (una de las principales fuentes de riqueza de la antigua Castilla, que a veces contaban con millares de cabezas) debían moverse de sur a norte y viceversa en busca de zonas de invernada y de pastos para comer en verano. Así se formaban caravanas que, desde la Edad Media, fueron conducidas por las "cañadas", caminos especiales que evitaban el destrozo de campos sembrados y permitían a la corona recaudar los "debidos" y consabidos impuestos.

    La vida de los pastores trashumantes estaba asociada a una cultura particular: a instrumentos musicales determinados, que hoy apenas si sobreviven en las manos de algunos ancianos memoriosos y en la de algunos jóvenes que quieren rescatar esos recuerdos tan bellos; a unos tipos determinados de comida, usualmente vinculadas a chacinados, quesos, pan y frutos de estación; a unos cantos y unos cuentos muy particulares; a unas costumbres y hábitos tradicionales (relativos a la vida nómada que llevaban esos individuos); y, en fin, a toda una serie de costumbres, refranes, técnicas y actitudes.

    Esa misma cultura –salvando todas las distancias– se encuentra entre los caravaneros de llamas que cruzan el altiplano boliviano llevando papas desde la puna a los lagos salados, para cambiarlas allí por bloques de sal y transportar ese preciado bien blanco a los valles cálidos para trocarlos por hojas de coca, verduras, frutas, queso... Esa cultura incluye ritos ancestrales de propiciación y protección de viajeros y animales; incluye instrumentos musicales únicos, decires, ceremonias, costumbres...

    Y encontrarán rasgos similares entre los camelleros del África subsahariana; y entre los conductores de las recuas de yaks que cruzan el Himalaya entre India y Nepal o Pakistán; y entre los Saami (lapones) que mueven sus renos a través de Escandinavia; y entre los Masai que pastorean sus preciados rebaños de vacas a través del África oriental...

    Son patrones y características que conforman el inmenso mosaico humano del que formamos parte. Algo de ellos está plasmado en los documentos que habitan los estantes de nuestras bibliotecas. Pero es sólo una parte mínima, el saber que ha sido escrito. La mayor parte de esa cultura sigue mostrando su cara y dejando sus marcas sobre la superficie de nuestro planeta. Viviendo, cambiando, evolucionando, desapareciendo a veces. Es cuestión de no olvidar que todo el conocimiento no está en nuestras manos: muchas cosas siguen latiendo fuera de los muros de las bibliotecas, lejos de catálogos, bases de datos e Internet. Y ese conocimiento es muy importante: son los últimos restos de una época en la que el hombre todavía (re)conocía los ritmos de la naturaleza.

    Como les decía, mucha de esa cultura tradicional sigue viva en algunos rincones de nuestro mundo. Como aquí, en Bustarviejo, donde todavía se recuerdan las nubes de polvo que levantaba el paso de las grandes majadas ovinas, camino a los pastos.


              Â¿Tener o no tener prejuicios? ¿Es ésa la cuestión?        
    ¿Tener o no tener prejuicios? ¿Es ésa la cuestión?

    Por Sara Plaza

    Hace un par de semanas estaba leyendo una edición viejita en inglés de "Los viajes de Marco Polo" y en el capítulo XLI del primer libro, "Sobre la provincia de Khamil", me encontré con una historia que me hizo recordar aquella otra de "Cien años de soledad", donde si bien no se hablaba de la fertilidad de la tierra, sí se hacía referencia a la de los animales... Siete siglos y un buen puñado de accidentes geográficos separan una de otra, pero las dos nos hablan de los dones que otorga una naturaleza complacida con las infidelidades de los seres humanos, que yo me pregunto si en el devenir de la historia no nos habrán mantenido fieles a nosotros mismos. Pero aunque sí quiero compartirles ese capítulo sobre Khamil, el propósito que me lleva a hacerlo no es el engaño sino los prejuicios...

    La provincia de Khamil fue un reino en tiempos pasados y tiene numerosas ciudades y pueblos. La principal de sus ciudades lleva el nombre de Khamil. Esta región está situada entre dos desiertos, a un lado el gran desierto de Lop y hacia el otro uno mucho más pequeño que puede ser atravesado al cabo de tres días de viaje. Sus habitantes son idólatras y tienen una lengua muy particular. Viven de los frutos de la tierra, los cuales obtienen en gran cantidad y ofrecen además a los viajeros. Son gente que se toma las cosas con tranquilidad, pues sólo les importa tocar, cantar, bailar y divertirse.

    Es completamente cierto que cuando un extranjero llega a la casa de alguno de ellos en busca de alojamiento, el anfitrión está encantado y deseoso de que su esposa quede a disposición del inquilino. Él, mientras, les deja el camino libre y sólo regresará una vez que el extraño se haya ido. El invitado puede quedarse y disfrutar de la compañía de la esposa tanto tiempo como desee, pues el esposo no se avergüenza en absoluto por ello, sino que lo considera un honor. Y así, todos los hombres de esta provincia saben que sus mujeres les son infieles pero no les importa. Las propias mujeres no tienen prejuicios y son disolutas.

    Sin embargo, durante el reinado de Mangu Khan sucedió que, como su señor que era, vino a enterarse de esta costumbre y envió a decirles que les ordenaba abandonarla y limitarse sólo a ofrecer alojamiento a los viajeros, si no querían sufrir un doloroso castigo. Cuando la gente del lugar tuvo noticia de esta orden se preocuparon muchísimo y durante casi tres años la cumplieron. Pero se dieron cuenta de que sus tierras ya no eran productivas y que habían tenido muchos contratiempos desde entonces. De modo que se reunieron y decidieron preparar un gran regalo, el cual enviaron a su señor rogándole gentilmente que les permitiese mantener su vieja costumbre, tal y como la habían heredado de sus ancestros; ya que mientras así lo hicieron los dioses les habían proporcionado todo lo bueno que poseían, y sin ella no sabían cómo iban a poder sobrevivir. Cuando el príncipe escuchó su petición la respuesta que les dio fue "Si necesitáis mantener vuestra vergüenza, hacedlo", y les dio libertad para continuar con su mala costumbre. Y siempre la han conservado, y lo hacen todavía.

    Parece ser que la mencionada costumbre no era del agrado de Marco Polo, pero desconocemos si el conocimiento que de ella tuvo fue por boca de otros o por experiencia propia, cuando realizaba alguno de sus maravillosos viajes a lo largo y ancho de Persia, allá por el siglo XIII. El libro en el que se relatan está lleno de anécdotas similares, unas le sobrecogen y otras le estremecen, le parecen loables algunas y detestables otras, encuentra muchas dignas de mención y se excusa por no relatar las que considera poco interesantes. Eso sí, siempre opina sobre ellas, siempre las juzga, siempre cuestiona su moralidad o inmoralidad. Las religiones están muy presentes y, mientras alaba la que él mismo profesa, se muestra poco condescendiente con el resto. Ni que decir tiene que quienes siguen una y otras reciben el mismo tratamiento. No intentaba ser objetivo nuestro viajero ni parece haber estado entre sus preocupaciones la neutralidad.

    Conceptos ambos que sí tienen muy preocupados a algunos profesionales de la educación y la bibliotecología, que pretenden educar e informar de manera aséptica, como si tal cosa fuese posible. Como si estuviese en sus manos desprejuiciarse junto a los estantes o las pizarras. Prejuicios los tenemos todos, y estaría bien que nos preguntásemos por los nuestros e intentásemos averiguarlos. En primer lugar para ser conscientes de ellos. En segundo para evitar los actos de discriminación a los que pueden inducirnos. Y en tercer lugar para darnos la oportunidad de superar unos cuantos: impidiendo que nos entorpezcan el paso y no permitiendo que se lo cierren a los demás. No tenemos que estar todos de acuerdo, pero para darnos cuenta de que pensamos distinto no nos queda más remedio que saber qué pensamos nosotros y qué es lo que piensa el otro, y por tanto intentar conocernos... Marco Polo observa y cuenta. Cuenta lo que ve y lo que piensa sobre ello, y no me parece mal. No me parece mal porque a sus lectores siempre nos quedará la asignatura pendiente de contrastar sus líneas con las de otros autores para forjarnos una opinión propia. Y eso es fantástico. Les aseguro que ponerse a investigar y aprender a ser críticos es una aventura apasionante.

    En particular, si deciden agarrar unos cuantos mapas antiguos y dibujar sobre ellos los caminos que siguió el veneciano, creo que no van a arrepentirse. Y si escogen otro autor, otro tiempo y otro horizonte imagino que tampoco. Los libros de viajes son una delicia. Uno no puede por menos que reírse a veces y sonrojarse otras. En ocasiones se sienten ganas de correr tras los pasos de sus protagonistas y en momentos de hacerlo en la dirección opuesta. Resulta asombroso de lo que esos personajes fueron capaces, y verdaderamente increíble lo que acontecía a los habitantes de aquellos remotos rincones. Los autores de las guías de viaje "The Lonely Planet" o "El trotamundos" tienen poco que envidiar al hijo de Nicolás Polo, que ya por entonces estimaba el tiempo de viaje, el coste y señalaba los puntos de interés comercial tal y como ahora se indican los de interés turístico.

    En definitiva, después de leer sobre viajes no es difícil darse cuenta de que se ha leído sobre mucho más que los trayectos de ida y vuelta, pues están todas las sendas y todos los atajos intermedios que tomaron sus autores, y suelen estar llenos de sorpresas. Al terminar dan ganas de preparar la mochila y salir a recorrer, sin olvidarse de llevar lápiz y papel y estar dispuestos a verlo y escucharlo todo. No me atrevo a animarles a probarlo ni a tocarlo todo, porque corren tiempos difíciles y les van a hacer pagar la factura con recargos. Pero sí les sugiero que viajen y lean con sus prejuicios a un lado, que no es lo mismo que desprejuiciadamente, y les brinden la posibilidad de perderse por el camino a aquellos que les pesen demasiado. Mi experiencia es que se lee y se viaja mejor cuando se va ligero de equipaje. Además, de esa manera, siempre nos quedará sitio para traernos todo lo que hemos aprendido.


              Un populu diventa poviru e servu quannu ci arrubannu a lingua        
    Un populu diventa poviru e servu quannu ci arrubannu a lingua

    Por Edgardo Civallero

    Castigo de Dios. Eso fue.

    Parece ser que, en el principio, todos los hombres hablaban un mismo idioma. Hasta que se les ocurrió construir una ciudad y edificar en ella una torre tan alta que alcanzase los cielos. En castigo de tamaña presunción, Dios confundió todas sus lenguas, de forma que no pudieran entenderse entre ellos y les fuera imposible continuar la edificación de esa construcción: la famosa torre de Babel.

    Así lo cuenta el Génesis (xi, 9), la colección de antiguas tradiciones orales semíticas más leída de todos los tiempos. Miles de lenguas y de hablantes, todas distintas, todas incomprensibles para los demás. Castigo de Dios.

    Esta impresionante variedad de hablas, palabras, gramáticas y sonidos, conforman una parte importante de nuestra diversidad cultural, la cual, de acuerdo a la Declaración Universal sobre Diversidad Cultural de la UNESCO de 2002, es uno de nuestros mayores tesoros como especie. Sin embargo, y para no perder la costumbre, el ser humano está ocupándose de destrozar ese milagro con sus propias manos a cada paso que da. Basta examinar algunos datos provistos por la propia UNESCO en 2005:

    Sólo el 4 % de los idiomas son usados por el 96 % de la población mundial; el 50 % de las lenguas del mundo se encuentran en peligro de extinción; el 90 % de ellas no están representadas en la Internet; cinco países monopolizan el negocio de la industria cultural mundial.

    (Tomado de
    Knowledge versus information societies: UNESCO report takes stock of the difference).

    Ciertamente, el uso de algunos idiomas como vehículos de intercambio (inglés, francés, español, árabe, chino) para superar las barreras lingüísticas y facilitar la comunicación es algo bastante útil. Sin embargo, estos idiomas han dejado de ser sólo un "vehículo" y se han transformado en "lenguas dominantes", presionando a las demás y logrando eliminar muchas de ellas de la faz de la memoria humana.

    ¿Qué ocurre cuando se pierde la lengua? Comparto con ustedes un poema, "Lingua e dialettu", escrito por Ignazio Buttitta en su lengua/dialecto natal: el siciliano.

    Un populu
    mittitulu a catina,
    attuppatici a vucca:
    é ancora libiru.

    Livatici u travaggghiu,
    u passaportu,
    a tavula unni mancia,
    u lettu unni dormi:
    é ancora riccu.

    Un populu
    diventa poviru e servu
    quannu ci arrubanu a lingua
    addutata di patri:
    é persu pi sempri.

    [Encadenad un pueblo,
    tapadle la boca:
    todavía es libre.

    Quitadle el trabajo,
    el pasaporte,
    la mesa donde come,
    el lecho donde duerme:
    todavía es rico.

    Un pueblo
    se vuelve pobre y esclavo
    cuando le roban la lengua
    heredada de sus padres:
    está perdido para siempre].

    Sin las palabras que decimos, que usamos a diario, nuestra vida no tiene ningún sentido. Desaparecerían muchos conceptos que son únicos a nuestras culturas, muchas ideas que nacieron entre nuestras manos y que luego fueron adoptadas por otros (usando incluso nuestra propia lengua). Muerta la palabra, murió también la idea, por más que otras lenguas intenten describirla igual de bien. ¿Qué sería la música latinoamericana sin palabras locales como joropo, huapango, cueca o huayno? ¿Cómo nombrar animales y plantas si nos quitan términos como ñandú, vicuña, quirquincho o colibrí?

    Nuestra lengua es el vehículo de expresión de nuestra cultura, un vehículo hecho a la medida. Sin ella, no seríamos nada; o quizás sí, seríamos un pueblo que habría perdido el norte.

    Y ya son muchos los pueblos que lo han perdido, que han debido adoptar lenguas extranjeras y que han olvidado los sonidos que sus padres y abuelos utilizaban. América Latina es un gran continente lleno de memorias rotas y voces apagadas. Nosotros deberíamos saber, mejor que nadie, cómo se siente perder el idioma propio, y cuáles son las consecuencias de tamaña pérdida. Algo que también ocurre en África, en Asia, o con las minorías europeas.

    Como bibliotecarios, como agentes de información y promotores de cultura, ¿qué hacemos al respecto? Nuestras colecciones ¿albergan todas las lenguas habladas en nuestra comunidad, en nuestro país, entre nuestros usuarios? Permítanme dudarlo. La economía de recursos y espacios hace que se apueste siempre por lo "dominante". Lo "pequeño" –por valioso que sea– no importa. Eso ocurre también entre los medios de comunicación, las empresas editoriales y tantos otros canales culturales e informativos. El mundo ha sido organizado –en todos los sentidos– para respetar una ley "evolutiva": la supervivencia del más fuerte. Lo "minoritario", lo "débil", lo "mínimo", debe desaparecer.

    Y lo hace. Vaya si lo hace.

    La buena noticia es que existen muchos que no se resignan a callar, y otros que, en forma independiente y arriesgando mucho, se dedican a estudiar, recuperar, publicar y difundir sus lenguas y tradiciones literarias. Y somos muchos, también, los que empezamos a enamorarnos de su trabajo y de los sonidos de otras palabras.

    Para aquellos interesados en conocer un poco más sobre los problemas y las características de la diversidad lingüística de nuestro planeta, les recomiendo la lectura del artículo "Lenguas en peligro" publicado en septiembre del 2006 en El mensajero del patrimonio inmaterial de la UNESCO; el artículo de Luisa Maffi "Lenguas amenazadas, saber amenazado", publicado en 2003 en la Revista internacional de ciencias sociales; la "Recomendación sobre la promoción y el uso del plurilingüismo y el acceso universal al ciberespacio" de la UNESCO (2003); el atlas de lenguas en peligro elaborado por el Sector de Cultura de la UNESCO; y, para aquello que manejen inglés y francés, el sitio Omniglot, el Languages homepage de la BBC, el sitio Euromosaic de la Comisión Europea, el sitio cuatrilingüe Linguapax, el proyecto Terralingua, la iniciativa francesa Babel y el MSST Clearing House Linguistic Rights de la UNESCO.

    Para aquellos que quieran aprender una lengua extranjera, la Internet puede ser (o no) un entorno privilegiado. Me gustaría recomendarles, para los que tienen gustos "exóticos", los Manuales del Cuerpo de Paz de la ONU, para aprender en forma veloz lenguas como el rumano, el guaraní, el estonio, el filipino, el wolof, el uzbeko, el azerí, el ucraniano, el árabe, el swahili, el kazajo, el búlgaro, el ruso o el armenio. Están en inglés (pequeño problema) y pueden ser descargados libremente. Abundan además las páginas de recursos lingüísticos, y este aviso va dirigido para aquellas bibliotecas especializadas en lenguas, que suelen depender de los libros que tienen y de los recursos "dominantes", sin darse cuenta que, bajo acceso abierto, cuentan con miles de sitios que pueden ser de utilidad para sus usuarios.

    Ustedes pensarán que el mío es un discurso utópico, y que dominando la lengua propia y una general (o séase, el inglés) podemos movernos por el mundo sin problemas. Quizás tengan razón. Pero he viajado mucho, y, si bien hablo inglés fluidamente y me defiendo muy bien en otro conjunto de lenguas "conocidas", siempre he tenido la precaución de aprender la mayor cantidad posible de frases, expresiones y palabras en esos idiomas que nadie aprendería porque son "minoritarios". Y siempre me han servido. En Corea, en Malasia, en Suecia, en Noruega, en Ecuador... Porque resultó que no todos hablaban inglés, o español, o francés. Y porque, aunque pensemos que algunas lenguas son "minoritarias", sus hablantes no opinan lo mismo. Y si bien podemos usar alguna lengua "dominante" como puente, sólo será eso: un puente. Comprender al otro, acercarse a él y a su cultura, implicará aprender su idioma. Y viceversa.

    Un mundo donde suenen muchas voces distintas no tiene porqué ser un mundo anárquico e incomunicado. Pensar lo contrario sería apoyar discursos homogeneizadores y totalitarios, que tantas desgracias han traído a la humanidad a lo largo de la historia. Conservemos la pluralidad, conservemos nuestra identidad, y acerquémonos a las de otros. Será la única manera de establecer lazos más humanos, basados en la comprensión real, y de empezar a eliminar barreras que sólo llevan a separarnos cada día más.

    Y si, al fin y al cabo, se trató de un castigo divino, demostremos que no fue así, y que quizás la antigua historia está mal contada. O que el autor del castigo no logró su cometido.


              Ramalan Bintang hari ini Paling Lengkap Terbaru        
    banyak sekali ramalan Bintang yang ada di ranah maya terutama di Google, sebab dengan mencari dan mengeteik kata kunci Ramalan Zodiak atau ramalan bintang maka anda akan ditujukan pada beberapa ramalan yang ada dan sangat terperinci, nah kali ini kami Ramalan Indonesia akan mencoba untuk memberikan sedikit Ramalan Bintang Hari Ini untuk anda semua yang memang ingin melihat perkembangan Zodiak anda sehari hari.

    Mungkin saja bisa membuat anda jadi lebih termotivasi dan bersemangat karena melihat ramalan bintang anda baik untuk hari ini, langsung saja deh akan kami berikan atau kami sajikan untuk anda semua di bawah ini :

    Ramalan Bintang Hari Ini :

    Ramalan Bintang ARIES (The Ram)
    Sifat: Cardinal, Api, Personal
    Kata Kuncinya: "I am" (aku)

    Bebas, asertif, individualistik, impulsif, intelektualitas tinggi, keras kepala, ingin menjadi yang terdepan, pemimpin, action oriented (berorientasi pada aksi), Intemperate (tidak terkendali), cenderung ke arah kekerasan, fiery, (berapi-api), straight-forward (berterus terang), ekstrem, sombong (arogan), passionate (penuh dengan nafsu), powerfull (sangat kuat), ada sifat suka menyendiri (loner), fredom-loving (menyukai cinta yang bebas dan tidak terikat)
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada Kepala Yang Sering Pusing
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Mars
    Tanggal Zodiak: 21 maret - 20 April

    Ramalan Bintang TAURUS (The Bull, banteng)
    Sifat: Fixed atatu tetap, membumi atau berhubungan dengan elemen tanah/bumi, personal.
    Kata kuncinya: "I Have" (Saya memiliki)

    Imajinatif, sistematk, devoted (mengabdi), patient (sabar), sensual, affctionat (menghargai pertemanan), possesif, sangat berhati-hati, suka hal yang bersifat materi (rasa kepemilikan terhadap sesuatu yang tinggi), menyukai hal-hal yang berbau musik, artistik, keras kepala, solid earthy (keduniawian), kuat, slow (lamban), kind (baik hati), just (monoton).
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada Penyakit Sariawan dan Radang Tenggorokan
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Venus
    Tangal Zodiak: 21 April - 21 Mei

    Ramalan Bintang GEMINI (The Twins)
    Sifat: Mutable, selalu bergerak, seperti udara dan air, bersifat personal
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Think" (Saya Pikir)

    Logis, selalu ingin tahu, energik, aktif, dapat mengerjakan banyak hal, banyak bicara , berjiwa sosial, mampu beradaptasi dengan baik, cenderung memiliki dua karakter yang berbeda, bersifat seperti air dan logam atau merkurial, kurang sabar, selalu ingin tahu hal-hal yang terbaru
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada Olahraga Tertentu dan juga Hindari Kebiasaan Merokok
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Merkurius
    Tanggal Zodiak: 22 Mei - 21 Juni

    Ramalan Bintang CANCER (Si Kepiting)
    Sifat: Cardinal, water, personal
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Feel" (Saya Rasa)

    Protektif, sensitif, Keras kepala yang cenderung tidak fleksibel, sangat sayang pada keluarga, home oriented (orientasi utama pada keluarga), helpfull (suka menolong), berkembang dan selalu menyebar, moody (berubah turuti suasana hati), bersikap seperti air yang mengalir ke bawah, cenderung memendam perasaan dan keinginan, emosional, temperamen (tapi tidak terlalu lama / gampang reda), penuh cinta
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada Penyakit Maagh dan juga masuk Angin.
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Bulan atau Luna
    Tanggal Zodiak: 22 Juni - 23 Juli

    Ramalan Bintang LEO (The Lion)
    Sifat: Tetap, Api, Berjiwa Sosial
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Will" (Saya Akan, Berkemauan Tinggi)

    Baik hati dan suka memberi, liberal, realistis, berhati besar, proud (menjunjung harga diri), dramatikal, suka membesar-besarkan masalah, passionate (mempunyai gairah yang tinggi), pencemburu, suka dipuja, Bossy (suka memerintah), loves attention (gila perhatian), arogan, terkesan sombong, independent (mandiri), leader (berjiwa pemimpin), berjiwa bebas, egotistic (cenderung ke diri sendiri dan tidak peduli pada lingkungan), kingly (bergaya bak raja), powerfull (bertenaga).
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada bagian Jantung dan Punggung
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Matahari
    Tanggal Zodiak: 24 Juli - 23 Agustus

    Ramalan Bintang LEO (The Lion)
    Sifat: Tetap, Api, Berjiwa Sosial
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Will" (Saya Akan, Berkemauan Tinggi)

    Baik hati dan suka memberi, liberal, realistis, berhati besar, proud (menjunjung harga diri), dramatikal, suka membesar-besarkan masalah, passionate (mempunyai gairah yang tinggi), pencemburu, suka dipuja, Bossy (suka memerintah), loves attention (gila perhatian), arogan, terkesan sombong, independent (mandiri), leader (berjiwa pemimpin), berjiwa bebas, egotistic (cenderung ke diri sendiri dan tidak peduli pada lingkungan), kingly (bergaya bak raja), powerfull (bertenaga).
    Kesehatan: Anda mudah sekali capek , dan juga hindari merokok yang memicu penyakit jantung
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Matahari
    Tanggal Zodiak: 24 Juli - 23 Agustus

    Ramalan Bintang LIBRA (Si Timbangan)
    Sifat: Cardinal, Udara, Sosial
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Balance " (Aku Seimbang)

    Kooperatif, diplomatis, selalu berpindah, stylish (bergaya, luwes), suka berpartner, superior yang suka berkembang, menginginkan keseimbangan dengan suka membandingkan, Charm (mempunyai daya tarik sendiri), debative (suka berdebat), open minded (mudah menerima hal baru), memiliki jiwa sosial, kaya akan ide
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada bagian Hati dan Lumbar Region
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Venus
    Tanggal Zodiak: 24 September - 23 Oktober

    Ramalan Bintang SCORPIO (The Scorpio)
    Sifat: Tetap, Seperti Api, Sosial
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Desire" (Aku Menginginkan)

    Passionate (nafsu yang tinggi), kreatif, powerfull, selalu ingin tahu, antusiasme tinggi, berdedikasi, pengabdian, pencemburu, selalu menganilisis sesuatu, selalu berevolusi, memiliki daya tarik kuat, memiliki daya hipnotis, menyukai hal yang berbau seksual, pandai dan kreatif, sangat sensitif, cerdik cenderung licik, agresif, self oriented (cenderuh mengarah ke diri sendiri), sadis, misteruis, bisa melakukan perubahan mendadak yang mengejutkan
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada bagian Pelvis dan Organ Reproduksi
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Mars dan Pluto
    Tanggal Zodiak: 24 Oktober - 22 November

    Ramalan Bintang SAGITARIUS (Si Pemanah)
    Sifat: Berubah, Udara, Universal
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Perceive " (Saya Mengetahui, Saya Memahami)

    Bebas, straight-forward (berterus terang), careles (ceroboh), kasar, tidak berperasaan, sangat berfilosofi, intelektualitas tinggi, Fun-Loving, arogan, berjiwa petualang, suka melakukan perkembangan, optimis, blundering (membuat kesalahan besar), believer (mudah percaya pada sesuatu yang diyakininya).
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada bagian Pinggul dan Paha
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Jupiter
    Tanggal Zodiak: 23 November - 21 Desember

    Ramalan Bintang CAPRICORN (The Sea-Goat)
    Sifat: Cardinal, Membumi, Universal
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Use" (Saya Berguna)

    Prudent (bijaksana), cautious (berhati-hati, tidak mudah percaya), ambisius (cenderung ingin punya kekuasaan atau otoritas), cerdik namun kadang cenderung licik, kompeten, suka memberi perintah, dan kaku.
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada bagian Lutut dan Tulang
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Saturnus
    Tanggal Zodiak: 22 Desember - 20 Januari

    Ramalan Bintang Aquarius (Si Air Mengalir)
    Sifat: Tetap, Air, Universal
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Know" (Saya Tahu)

    Demokratis, unconventional (selalu ingin tahu hal baru dan mengikuti perkembangan), tidak mau terikat, selalu terpisah dari yang lain, sering berpindah, ada yang cenderug meng-isolasi diri (membentuk sebuah kelompok tersendiri / suka berkelompok) namun memiliki rasa pertemanan yang tinggi (friendship), berjiwa sosial, eksentrik, elit, menyukai sebuah kejutan, obyektif
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada Sistem Saraf Nervous
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Saturnus dan Uranus
    Tanggal Zodiak: 21 Januari - 19 Februari

    Ramalan Bintang Pisces (The Fishes)
    Sifat: Selalu Berubah, Air, Universal
    Kata Kuncinya: "I Believe" (Saya Percaya)

    Imajinatif, sensitive, sulit berkonsentrasi pada satu hal (no-focus), distracted (gampang rusak / patah), feeling (selalu memakai perasaan pada suatu masalah), Duality (memiliki pribadi yang berlawanan) namuni memiliki idealisme dan agamis (spiritual), acceptance (menerima), undiscriminated (tidak pernah membedakan), soul growth (jiwa yang berkembang), artistik, ceroboh, sering gampang menyerah pada keadaan (melarikan diri dari keadaan / tangung jawab / keadaan yang membuatnya sulit) namun memiliki kesabaran yang tinggi pada hal-hal tertentu yang cocok.
    Kesehatan: Perlu perhatian ekstra pada Kaki dan Sistem Kekebalan Tubuh
    Ramalan Bintang: Dipengaruhi oleh Planet Jupiter dan Neptunus
    Tanggal Zodiak: 20 Februari - 20 Maret

    nah sudah dulu Ramalan Bintang yang bisa kami berikan untuk anda semua, semoga saja bermanfaat untuk anda semua, dan kami akan memberikan banyak artikel seputar ramalan yang lainnya untuk anda semua, Oke,,

              Ramalan Zodiak ARIES 2012 - Ramalan Bintang ARIES Terbaru        
    Ramalan zodiak Aries 2012 akan kami berikan untuk anda semua yang memang sangat penasaran dengan info seputar ramalan zodiak anda, dimana biasanya ramalan zodiak itu sesuai dengan perasaan hati anda saat itu, maka banyak juga yang percaya dengan ramalan zodiak tersebut.

    Nah langsung saja akan kami berikan Ramalan Zodiak Aries untuk anda semua di bawah ini :


    Rasa malas yang begitu besar kadang sering dialami oleh rasi bintang zodiak aries ini, sehingga banyak hal yang menjadi korban dari kemalasan itu. Sebenarnya kemalasan ini berasal dari hati dan fikiran anda yang kurang sehat.

    Pemecahan Problem

    Kurangi menyia-nyiakan waktu berharga anda untuk berfikir tentang hal-hal yang menjadi keinginan anda. Jalani kehidupan ini dengan hati yang dewasa dan fikiran yang terbuka.


    Banyak hal diluar yang belum anda ketahui dan banyak pula hal yang belum anda mengerti, jangan hanya mengikuti apa yang orang-orang lakukan.

    Pemecahan Problem

    Terbukalah kepada orang-orang yang kenal dekat dengan anda atau jika memang tidak bisa, cobalah untuk terbuka dengan keluarga anda.


    Ketidak percayaan anda terhadap hal yang sudah jelas-jelas merugikan anda sehingga walau apapun yang terjadi baik itu harus bermusuhan sekalipun ataupun membencinya, anda akan melakukannya selama hidup anda.

    Pemecahan Problem

    Jangan terlalu menjadikan segala sesuatu itu sebagai hal yang besar, anggaplah semua hal yang selama ini menurut anda hal besar ataupun beban yang sulit menjadi hal yang ringan-ringan saja. Sehingga dengan seperti itu, anda tidak akan mengalami tekanan emosi yang besar jika menjumpai sesuatu yang menurut anda merugikan anda didalam hal apapun.

    Asmara Zodiak AriesTahun 2012

    Aries Pria

    Ketika bicara cinta Anda adalah orang yang agresif, menguasai, energik dan tidak kenal lelah. Anda impulsive, senang berkhayal dan dinamis, seorang pelaku, selalu tidak yakin apa yang akan dikerjakan selanjutnya. Anda bisa membuat pasangan tergila-gila jika dia tidak terbiasa dengan energi tinggi yang anda miliki. Anda mencari spontanitas dan partner yang imajinatif yang selalu bisa mencari perhatian anda. Anda bisa menjadi bed bouncer namun anda selalu menuntu kesetiaan terhadap pasangan anda. Anda akan mudah marah jika sedikit saja ada kecurigaan di pasangan. Anda cemburu dengan cepat dan perlu apresiasi terus menerus untuk menyelamatkan hubungan.

    Aries Wanita

    Anda mungkin kelihatan tidak menyukai pria karena kebebasan yang terlalu ekstrim. Namun, tidak ada yang bisa lari dari kenyataan. Anda energetik dan jika sudah terangsang, anda akan agresif secara seksual. Anda suka mengeluarkan suara ketika bercinta dan di beberapa kasus anda menyukai binatang liar di ranjang, playful, dan tak kenal takut. Anda suka menggunakan badan anda dan cukup atletis baik di dalam atau di luar arena sexual. Anda seorang romantis, jatuh cinta dengan cinta. Anda mengakui cinta sebagai salah satu kesenangan kecil seseorang dalam hidup. Anda menyukai kebebasan, selalu mencari pecinta, bukan pengasuh. Anda idealis. Selalu menjalankan apa yang anda inginkan. Anda tidak ada masalah menarik perhatian para pria karena anda selalu tahu yang harus dilakukan. Anda tidak menguasai uang anda dengan baik yang dapat menyebabkan masalah terhadap pria yang jatuh cinta kepada anda. Namun anda berharga untuk setiap rupiah yang dikeluarkan kekasih anda karena anda dapat merangsang dia dalam berbagai cara yang tidak bisa dilakukan orang lain.

    Jenis Pekerjaan yang mungkin sesuai dengan rasi bintang Aries Pada Tahun 2012 ini:

    - Staf Hotel
    - Restourant
    - Tukang parkir
    - Marketing
    - Wira usaha ( Bisa apapun )
    - Staf Bank
    - Sopir

    Data Astrologi Zodiak Aries

    - Singkatan: Ari

    - Genitif: Arietis

    - Simbolisme: Domba jantan

    - Asensio rekta: 3

    - Deklinasi: +20

    - Luas area: 441 derajat persegi (ke-39)

    - Bintang: Bayer/Flamsteed 67

    - Bintang berplanet: 4

    - Bintang terang: 2

    - Bintang dekat: 2

    - Bintang paling terang: α Ari (Hamal) (2.0m)

    - Bintang terdekat: Bintang Teegarden (12.6? ly, pc)

    - Hujan meteor: May Arietids, Autumn Arietids, Delta Arietids, Epsilon Arietids, Daytime-- -Arietids, Aries-Triangulids

    - Rasi yang berbatasan: Perseus, Triangulum, Pisces, Cetus, Taurus

    - Dapat dilihat antara 90° LU dan -60° LS.

    - Tampak paling jelas pada pukul 21.00 selama bulan Desember.

              Ramalan Naga Air 2012 jika di teliti Kebenarannya !!!        
    Banyak sekali peramal yang unjuk gigi pada tahun 2012 ini yah sepertinya sih pada setiap awal tahun,dimana para peramal tersebut memberikan ramalan dan prediksi awal tahun sesuai dengan shio atau zodiak, dan yang biasanya ramai itu ramalan dari Shio seperti di tahun 2012 ini yang merupakan tahun bagi Naga Air..

    Nah banyak juga peramal yang bilang kalau di tahun 2012 ini terdapat bahaya relatif mengancam. Bukan datang dari pertikaian yang melibatkan senjata, melainkan lebih bersifat alamiah seperti gempa dan banjir. Ini karena Chen (Naga) juga melambangkan gudang air.

    Pada tahun ini diperkirakan curah hujan masih akan tinggi hingga akhir April atau awal Mei. Dan akan sangat besar pada November dan Desember. Sedangkan gempa perlu diwaspadai pada Juli dan Oktober

    hmmmm kalau ane teruskan menakutkan gan,, kembali lagi ke topik sebelumnya, dimana ramalan naga air yang disebutkan diatas seakan akan kalau tahun 2012 ini memang tahun bencana dan akhir dari kehidupan manusia serta bumi,,, bukanka itu merupakan Doa ??

    ada pepatah yang mengatakan bahwa "Ucapan dalah Doa" dan "Barang siapa yang meyakini sesuatu maka akan terjadi", sudah jelas itu semua diluar kehendak Tuhan YME, boleh saja meramal akan tetapi percaya dengan ramalan dan mengabaikan Tuhan YME bukankah anda telah terjerumus??

    menurut Para Ahli mengenai tahun 2012 : mengani Ledakan Supernova di Tahun 2012 :

    Ketakutan beberapa pihak yang menyebut tahun 2012 akan diisi dengan ledakan supernova ternyata tidak beralasan. Sebab, menurut para ahli astronomi, tidak ada ledakan supernova yang terjadi. Jika pun ada, jaraknya sangat jauh dari Bumi dan tidak membahayakan makhluk hidup penghuninya.

    Menurut para ahli ini, diperkirakan tiap abadnya akan terjadi satu hingga dua ledakan supernova di Galaksi Bima Sakti. Namun, ledakan ini jauh sekali dari Bumi dengan jarak mencapai 50 tahun cahaya dari ozon Bumi.

    Jika jaraknya terlalu dekat dengan Bumi, barulah ada ancaman kematian untuk beberapa makhluk hidup terutama phytoplankton. Menurut anggota Goddard Space Flight Center, Francis Reddy, paparan radiasi sinar X dan gamma dari supernova bisa merusak lapisan ozon suatu planet. Dengan demikian, planet apa pun yang ada dalam jangkauan supernova dan memiliki kehidupan akan sangat terancam keberlangsungannya.

    NASA juga membeberkan peristiwa alam lainnya yang menyebabkan ledakan, yaitu semburan gamma-ray. Ini terjadi jika sebuah bintang besar meledak atau dua bintang neutron bertabrakkan. Ini juga menjadi cikal bakal dari terciptanya 'black hole' atau lubang hitam yang menghisap segala sesuatunya di luar angkasa.

    Layaknya ledakan supernova, semburan gamma-ray ini juga berbahaya untuk Bumi. Beruntung buat kita penghuni Bumi, semburan gamma-ray yang mungkin terjadi jaraknya sangat jauh dari Bumi. "Dalam sejarah panjangnya, sepertinya bumi kita sudah berpengalaman dengan kejadian seperti ini. Tapi tak ada alasan menantikan semburan gamma-ray dalam waktu dekat ini, apalagi di Desember 2012," kata Reddy. (Sumber: International Bussines Time)

    Nah sekarang tinggal anda sendiri yang meyakini akan terjadi apa di tahun 2012 ini, da apa yang akan anda lakukan di tahun 2012 ini? apakah anda diam saja?

    Semua itu ada di tangan anda, dan umur bumi pun ada di tangan anda semua [ kita Makhluk Hidup di Bumi ] sebab banyak manusia yang tidak sadar akan kepentingan dan keseimbangan Bumi, mereka selalu memikirkan kepentingan pribadi dan negaranya saja,

    Tetapi Bumi, selalu menjadi Imbas saat manusia mengeluarkan penemuan baru yang tujuannya mempermudah kehidupan mereka, tetapi nyatanya malah membuat bumi semakin menangis, coba renungkan Sobat, dan LAKUKANLAH HAL TERBAIK SEKARANG JUGA !!

              By: 7-Day Start-A-Blog Dream Job Writing Challenge Step #1        
    […] Scott Dinsmore, TEDx speaker and creator of Live Your Legend (Change the World by Doing Work You Love) says, “I believe a blog is hands-down the most powerful passion-discovery and career-transition tool on the planet.”  If you have never seen Scott’s TEDx presentation, here is the link: Live Your Legend TEDx […]
              First Lines of New Acquisitions        

    There are many new acquisitions for Spring 2014, mostly from the Robert Smithson Collection. Each new book and their first sentence is listed below, and starting with:
    1.  The Language of Magic and Gardening by Bronislaw Malinowski:
    The linguistic problem before the ethnographer is to give as full a presentation of language as of any other aspect of culture.

    2.  Seven Types of Ambiguity by William Empson:

    An ambiguity, in ordinary speech, means something very pronounced, and as a rule witty or deceitful.

    3.  Changing: Essays in Art Criticism by Lucy Lippard: (seen above)

    André Ferminier writes: “What has perhaps been most damaging to the art critic is the prodigious gobbledygook that with him takes the place of vocabulary; and the prefaces to exhibition catalogs in particular would provide a classic anthology of the art of saying nothing.”

    4.  The Human Use of Human Beings: Cybernetics and Society by Norbert Wiener:

    The beginning of the twentieth century marked more than the end of one hundred-year period and the start of another.

    5.  Logic Machines & Diagrams by Martin Gardner: (seen above)

    A logic machine is a device, electrical or mechanical, designed specifically for solving problems in formal logic.

    6.  Field Book of Ponds and Streams by Ann Haven Morgan: (seen above)

    Minnows and frogs and brown water beetles, scurrying to cover as we approach the shore of a still clear pond, show us that the water has some very lively inhabitants.

    7.  The Modern Technique of Rock Blasting by U. Langefors and B. Kihlström:

    Within some thousandths of a second after the initiation of the explosive there occurs in a charged hole a series of events which, in drama and violence, have few equivalents in civil technology.

    8.   The Message of the Stars by Max and Augusta Heindel: (seen above, outside + next to its dust jacket)

    It is a matter of common knowledge among mystics that the evolutionary career of mankind is indissolubly bound up with the divine hierarchies who rule the planets and the signs of the Zodiac, and that the passage of the Sun and the planets through the twelve signs of the Zodiac, marks man’s progress in time and in space.

    9.  Field Book of Seashore Life by Roy Waldo Miner: (seen above and with Message of the Stars)

    Protozoa are single-celled animals.

    10.  Tropical Trees of Hawaii by Dorothy and Bob Hargreaves: (seen above)

    High among the list of reasons people love to visit Hawaii is the lovely tropical foliage to be enjoyed everywhere and at all times of the year.
    11.  Geography Made Easy by Jedidiah Morse: (from the Maria Mitchell Library)

    Geography is a science, which describes the figure, motion, magnitude, and component parts of the earth; the situations, extent, and appearances of the various parts of its surface; its productions animal and vegetable; its natural and political divisions; and the history, manners, customs, and religion of its inhabitants.

    For any questions about the Library, Collections or books, please contact the Librarian at personallibraries{at}gmail{dot}com. 

              Review: War For The Planet Of The Apes        
    Andy Serkis again excels in the role that arguably will surpass Gollum as his most iconic. WAR FOR THE PLANET OF THE APES *** DIRECTED BY Matt Reeves STARS Andy Serkis, Woody Harrelson…
              Una Vez Más la ONU Rechaza el bloqueo de los Estados Unidos contra Cuba        
    Por vigésima ocasión la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas (O.N.U.) rechazó el bloqueo yanqui contra Cuba. 186 paises votaron en contra de la política hostil norteamericana que niega que sus productos
    lleguen a nuestro pequeño en dimensión archipiélago, ni producto alguno
    de cualquier país que elabore cualquier nación y que contenga algún elemento
    hecho en U.S.A pueda ser negociado con la Patria de José Martí.
    Solo Palaus, pequeño país como siempre acompañó al soberbio imperio.
    Y 6 abstenciones, es decir no votaron ni a favor ni en contra, 6 estados miembro de la Organización Mundial. Se lavaron las manos como Poncio
    Pilatos para no caer en desgracia con los Estados Unidos.
    Pero la batalla continúa. Aquí seguimos: "Hasta la Victoria Siempre"
    Y aunque somo pobres el corazón de los cubanos es feliz cuando puede
    compartir lo que su generosidad e inteligencia crean.
    Nuestros médicos y enfermeras son los fieles acompañantes de los pueblos
    en desgracia y nada piden a cambio, sino decirle a nuestro pueblo que
    el dolor de los humildes, sus enfermedades y tragédias las seguiran curando
    y compartiendo como el sueño luminoso de los inderrotables Próceres que
    construyen nuestro Socialismo . Son los Sueños de Marti y Fidel.
    Nuestro Planeta podra sobrevivir a cualquier catastrofe de la naturaleza
    si todos nos unimos para salvarlo. Ojala que el anhelo de Cuba toque los
    sentimientos de Barac Obama y este comprenda que la politica con la que conduce a los Estados Unidos puede cambiar a tiempo para impedir el holocausto de la Madre Tierra.
    de la humanidad. El puede ser tambien un Medico Salvçebn

    Título original
    War for the Planet of the Apes
    142 min.
    Estados Unidos Estados Unidos
    Mark Bomback, Matt Reeves (Novela: Pierre Boulle)
    Michael Giacchino
    Michael Seresin
    , , , , ,, , , , 
    20th Century Fox / Chernin Entertainment

    En 'War for the Planet of the Apes', el tercer capítulo de esta exitosa franquicia aclamada por crítica y público, César y sus simios se ven obligados a un enfrentamiento mortal con un ejército de seres humanos comandados por un implacable Coronel. Después de que los simios sufran pérdidas inimaginables, César lucha contra sus instintos más oscuros y comienza su propia búsqueda mítica para vengar a su especie. A medida que el viaje le conduce al inevitable cara a cara, César y el Coronel se enfrentarán en una batalla épica que determinará tanto el destino de las dos especies como el futuro del planeta.

    Al grito de “simios unidos jamás serán vencidos” nos adentramos en una de las películas más oscuras y complejas de la temporada, en la que el director Matt Reeves demuestra que es capaz de convertir un blockbuster veraniego en una obra de una enorme rotundidad expresiva y un alcance simbólico revelador.
    El fanatismo ideológico, el sometimiento a través de la violencia y el miedo, y la progresiva deshumanización de la especie son algunos de los temas que laten un film que se atreve a mezclar ideas y géneros con la misma soltura con la que utiliza la tecnología para crear emoción y sentimientos verdaderos a través del rostro y los movimientos de un primate al que todos querríamos como líder de nuestra nación. Así, pasamos del bélico al western, de las fugas carcelarias a las aventuras épicas para desembocar en una tragedia griega con resonancias bíblicas tan apoteósica como crepuscular.
    Un broche de oro a una trilogía que ha conseguido insuflar un nuevo sentido a una de las obras cumbres de la ciencia ficción de todos los tiempos, reactualizándola sin perder un ápice de su capacidad alegórica.(FOTOGRAMAS).

    La mejor y más completa de toda la saga de los simios, no sólo de la última trilogía.
    Una película adulta y completa que en pleno ejercicio de madurez pone broche final brillante a la trilogía iniciada con El origen del planeta los simios y El amanecer del planeta de los simios. Matt Reeves ya había plantado las semillas de este desenlace en el tercer acto de El amanecer… y consigue darle a la franquicia un primer ciclo notable protagonizado por el personaje del simio César, y narrado en todo momento desde el punto de vista de los simios, más que de los humanos.
    En ese sentido ha contado con un aliado esencial al que puede otorgársele tanta autoría y responsabilidad en el éxito comercial y los logros creativos de esta franquicia como a los guionistas y directores de la misma: Andy Serkis. El trabajo de construcción que lleva a cabo este actor con el personaje de César no sólo está a la altura de la riqueza del arco de desarrollo del mismo que le proporciona el guión, sino que aporta todos los matices esenciales para definir una gran interpretación que merece ya con esta película, más que nunca, que Serkis sea como mínimo nominado al Oscar, prescindiendo del hecho de que su trabajo como actor esté funcionando en sinergia con la tecnología de captura de movimiento. Es más, precisamente es este aspecto, en el que es sin duda Serkis el gran pionero, el que debería pesar aún más para que tuvieran en cuenta su trabajo con una especial complejidad que va más allá del que realizaría ejerciendo como actor “disfrazado” de simio portando máscara, prótesis, arropado por el maquillaje y con dos mitades de cocos colgando de la boca, dicho sea con todos mis respetos para los actores y maquilladores de la saga simia original, que me hicieron pasar muy buenos ratos en mi infancia y juventud, pero nos pongamos como nos pongamos, y por mucho que les tire a algunos la nostalgia cinéfila o cariño por lo artesanal, no pueden considerarse al mismo nivel de complejidad y perfección que tienen los simios en estas trilogía y el trabajo de los actores encargados de darles vida real, convertirlos en personajes de carne y hueso como nunca antes los habíamos visto. Porque hablamos de César, pero otro tanto en lo referido a construcción de personajes y trabajo de actores puede decirse de todos los miembros del reparto de esta película, con mención especial a Bad Ape, con el que Steve Zahn crea uno de los personajes más entrañables de la saga. Hay más drama y construcción de personaje en una mirada de César o de Bad Ape que en muchas interpretaciones de actores de carne y hueso que vamos a ver este año en la cartelera. Reconózcanse pues, a nivel premios, estos méritos que ya no pueden poner en duda ningún crítico, analista, profesional o aficionado al cine.....(ACCIÓN DE CINE).

    ...Por todo ello La guerra del planeta de los simios es un hit en toda regla. Un cierre de una trilogía a la que, por una vez, le deseamos que lleguen más películas. Es inaudito que un blockbuster posea tantas y tan buenas ideas -no quiero hacer spoilers, así que el lector deberá descubrir cuáles son cuando vea la cinta-. Y además funciona en todas sus partes, resultando tan exigente a la hora de retratar una batalla en campo abierto, como trazando un plan de huída del campo de trabajo donde los simios están confinados. Y todo ello trazado entre palabras y gruñidos, entre simios que hablan como hombres y hombres que ya no pueden ni articular palabra. Por todo eso, ¡salve a César! ..(SENSACINE)
              GRU 3 MI VILLANO FAVORITO        

    Duración: 90 min
    País: Estados Unidos
    Género: Aventura - Animación - Comedia - Familia
    Estreno: 30/06/2017
    Directores: Kyle Balda, Pierre Coffin
    Actores: Andy Nyman, Dana Gaier, Miranda Cosgrove, Pierre Coffin, Steve Carell, Trey Parker
    Guionistas: Ken Daurio
    Productores: Illumination Entertainment

    Gru se ha quedado sin trabajo. Sin embargo, ahora Gru se enfrenta a otros problemas más importantes. Y es que va a conocer a su gemelo Dru y deberá decidir si está listo para continuar la tradición familiar y unirse a su hermano para llevar a cabo un último golpe criminal.

    Una batalla entre merchandising (muñecos y robot de una serie teenager) de los 80 y del 2017 (los minions) casi destruye Hollywood en el clímax de esta tercera entrega de las hazañas de ese supervillano, Gru, reciclado en gruñón padre adoptivo y superagente secreto. Podría dedicar toda esta crítica tan sólo analizando el metamensaje de esa escena, cómo en el fondo está hablando (y justificando) la propia existencia de una nueva secuela en el ávido mercado (de la animación) hollywoodiense. Podría pero no, porque, aunque no lo parezca, y siendo esa secuencia una maravilla, comparable a la del avión y la bomba de 'Mentiras arriesgadas', y aparte de un sinfín de referencias (algunas muy malvadas: atención a los títulos de películas en los carteles), Pierre Coffin y sus secuaces no le prestan tanta atención, pasando casi en un zapping despreocupado por ideas, gags, segmentos sin ahondar verdaderamente en ninguno. Esa sensación que nos habían dado las películas de la ahora trilogía, la de más una suma de momentos y chistes que una narración compacta, se muestra aquí totalmente al descubierto: la caza del villano ochentero (una descacharrante variación de Weird Al Yankovic), el encuentro con el hermano gemelo, la búsqueda del unicornio, las movidas en la agencia antivillanos, los dos robos del diamante (¡la pantera rosa!), el éxodo y encierro de los minions…Aisladamente funcionan, algunos más que otros, pero se echa de menos una conexión entre todos, no una yuxtaposición de situaciones o sketches. Sin embargo, 'Gru 3, mi villano favorito' termina por ganarte con su cinefilia y su playlist 80s (¡el duelo disco con el 'Into the Groove', de Madonna!). Que la mayoría de la acción suceda en una marxiana Freedonia (Libertonia para los fans del doblaje de 'Sopa de ganso') que se diría en realidad el pueblecito Laurel & Hardy de 'Quesos y besos' fotografiado en una polaroid por la familia Griswald de Chevy Chase, o que los minions homenajeen a la canción sin sentido de Charles Chaplin en 'Tiempos modernos'… ¿cómo diablos no vamos a aplaudirlo? También es verdad que aunque los locos robaescenas amarillos espantan (literalmente) a Nemo y su padre, no evitan que la película caiga en esa cosa tan Disney de la maternidad, de acepta a quien quieres tal cómo es o confórmate con eso, que igual fuera la vida es mucho peor. Un pelín por debajo de sus dos anteriores aventuras, la tercera de Gru mantiene el tipo, se luce en su animación (esos momentos geométricos del asalto a la fortaleza del malvado) y hace derramar una lagrimita a quienes tenemos una edad y seguimos siendo fans de los italianos fumetti con superhéroes y supermalvados.(FOTOGRAMAS).

    Tópica continuación de las hazañas de Gru, en la que brillan por encima del protagonista las gamberradas de los minions y de un malvado a lo John Travolta, llamado Balthazar.
    Las franquicias parecen dominar el panorama cinematográfico importado de Estados Unidos, por lo menos en cuanto a cine familiar se trata. Lejos de inventar nuevas fórmulas de diversión, los estudios están más conformes con apostar por lo ya conocido, y de esa manera arriesgar lo mínimo en sus obras destinadas a dominar las carteleras planetarias.
    Gru 3 responde abiertamente a esa estrategia de negocio, centrada en el éxito asegurado; aunque la historia carezca de los mínimos de atracción para explicar su existencia.
    No obstante, el tercer título de la trilogía del “villano” favorito de los niños se salva de caer en los abismos de lo innecesario de su elaboración, más que nada por la carga humorística que despliegan algunos de sus personajes......(ACCION DE CINE).

    .....Esta tercera entrega peca de sobredosis de subtramas, llegando a veces a parecer que estamos viendo dos filmes: uno sobre el protagonista creando lazos con Dru, su hermano con melenaza, y otro en el que persigue a ese Bratt, ex niño prodigio de los 80 condenado al olvido por Hollywood. Sin duda, la crítica sobre esos â€˜juguetes rotos’ creados por la Meca del Cine que encierra el villano de la película merecía más minutos de metraje.
    A pesar de no aprovechar al completo el potencial de sus nuevos personajes, Gru 3 tiene todo lo que un fan de la saga espera de ella: una banda sonora llena de ritmo, gags y diálogos absurdamente hilarantes (“Grucy, ya sabes, una mezcla entre Gru y Lucy”), adorables Minions encarcelados (papás, los niños no pararán de pediros los juguetes de estos vestidos de rayas, avisados estáis), Agnes en busca de unicornios y las dinámicas familiares, esencia de la saga. Todos necesitamos una familia, por muy pintoresca que esta sea, y ese mensaje no entiende de edades, menos aún si está escrito con el humor ‘amarillo’ de Illumination.(CINEMANIA).

              HASTA EL ÚLTIMO HOMBRE        

    Japón, 1945. Desmond Doss (Andrew Garfield), un hombre contrario a la violencia, se alista en el ejército de EEUU para servir como médico de guerra en plena II Guerra Mundial. Tras luchar contra todo el estamento militar y enfrentarse a un juicio de guerra por su negativa a coger un rifle, consigue su objetivo y es enviado a servir como médico al frente japonés. A pesar de ser recibido con recelo por todo el batallón durante la salvaje toma de Okinawa, Desmond demuestra su valor salvando a 75 hombres heridos consiguiendo el respeto de los soldados.

    Llevaba mucho tiempo Mel Gibson sin dirigir, pero ha vuelto fuerte con una buena película sobre un objetor de conciencia condecorado en la Segunda Guerra Mundial. La película funciona muy muy bien, sobre todo cuando llega a la parte bélica, la trama es la de cualquier biopic, pero Gibson le da aquí su toque, rodando impresionantemente la batalla de Hacksaw Ridge, sin duda una de las mejores escenas de guerra de lo que llevamos de siglo. Cruda, como le gusta a Gibson, sucia, y sin cortarse un pelo. Y realmente es interesante es que se trate de una batalla cuando la guerra ya estaba prácticamente ganada, ante la feroz resistencia de los japoneses (antes de tirar la bomba H). Andrew Garfield está muy convincente en su papel de Doss, un chico muy religioso convencido de sus ideas y que a pesar de estar en contra de matar y de las armas, se alista. Puede que ese sea uno de sus puntos flacos, y es que el protagonista es el típico protagonista que lleva al mundo en su contra, es perfecto y no tiene defectos y que tuvo una infancia difícil. Mención aparte para Hugo Weaving haciendo del padre, con una interpretación fabulosa en las pocas escenas que tiene, en la primera parte de la película, antes de las escenas bélicas....(Diego95.Almoradí).