PhD diploma from OSU: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
PhD diploma from OSU: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) Ohio State University This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); PhD diploma (in Chemistry) from the Ohio State University of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska). The document issued in Columbus, Ohio, United States and dated June 8, 1973.; Columbus, Ohio
          Coeffects playground: Interactive essay based on my PhD thesis        

In my PhD thesis, I worked on integrating contextual information into a type system of functional programming languages. For example, say your mobile application accesses something from the environment such as GPS sensor or your Facebook friends. With coeffects, this could be a part of the type. Rather than having type string -> Person, the type of a function would also include resources and would be string -{ gps, fb }-> Person. I wrote longer introduction to coeffects on this blog before.

As one might expect, the PhD thesis is more theoretical and it looks at other kinds of contextual information (e.g. past values in stream-based data-flow programming) and it identifies abstract coeffect algebra that captures the essence of contextual information that can be nicely tracked in a functional language.

I always thought that the most interesting thing about the thesis is that it gives people a nice way to think about context in a unified way. Sadly, the very theoretical presentation in the thesis makes this quite hard for those who are not doing programming language theory.

To make it a bit easier to explore the ideas behind coeffects, I wrote a coeffect playground that runs in a web browser and lets you learn about coeffects, play with two example context-aware languages, run a couple of demos and learn more about how the theory works. Go check it out now or continue below to learn more about some interesting internals!


          Philosophy of science books every computer scientist should read        

When I tell my fellow computer scientists or software developers that I'm interested in philosophy of science, they first look a bit confused, then we have a really interesting discussion about it and then they ask me for some interesting books they could read about it. Given that Christmas is just around the corner and some of the readers might still be looking for a good present to get, I thought that now is the perfect time to turn my answer into a blog post!

So, what is philosophy of science about? In summary, it is about trying to better understand science. I'll keep using the word science here, but I think engineering would work equally well. As someone who recently spent a couple of years doing a PhD on programming language theory, I find this extremely important for computer science (and programming). How can we make better programming languages if we do not know what better means? And what do we mean when we talk about very basic concepts like types or programming errors?

Reading about philosophy of science inspired me to write a couple of essays on some of the topics above including What can programming language research learn from the philosophy of science? and two essays that discuss the nature of types in programming languages and also the nature of errors and miscomputations. This blog post lists some of the interesting books that I've read and that influenced my thinking (not just) when writing the aforementioned essays.


          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by ProFellow        
Hi Moses. Each PhD program has its own admission requirements and scholarship offerings. You should identify a PhD program of interest then research these through the university's website or by contacting Admissions. Please see our article Fully Funded PhD Programs in Education for programs offering full funding: https://www.profellow.com/fellowships/fully-funded-phd-programs-in-education/
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by ProFellow        
Hi! Please see our article Fully Funded PhD Programs in Computer Science: https://www.profellow.com/fellowships/fully-funded-phd-programs-in-computer-science/
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by sanjay        
Hi, I am would like to do Phd in computer science. Request you kindly let me university that are providing fully funded With Regards
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by ProFellow        
If the application asks you to identify PhD advisors that you would like to work with, or lab rotations that you plan to select, then it would be very helpful to speak to those faculty during the application process. See: https://biosciences.stanford.edu/current/incoming/choosing-a-lab/index.html
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by Sanjali Mitra        
Alright. But if a PhD programme does offer lab rotations, then in that case is it still advisable that I mail prospective advisors before hand or should I simply apply through the formal application process?
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by ProFellow        
All PhD programs are different - only some have lab rotations. I would suggest looking into each program of interest to learn more about the format and curriculum.
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by Sanjali Mitra        
From what I know, in the first year of PhD lab rotations take place and then the student is given the option to choose the lab of his/her liking. So, if I mail a professor and eventually get selected to work in his lab, will I still be given the option of rotating and trying out other labs?
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by Sanjali Mitra        
Alright thank you!
          Comment on How To Get Into a Fully Funded PhD Program: Contacting Potential PhD Advisors by ProFellow        
Hi Sanjali, this is perfectly fine! Professors should be pleased you are researching all the possible research paths within a potential program.
          Pt 1: The SABC Editorial Policy        
5FM — We chat to William Bird (director of Media Monitoring Africa), Kate Skinner (Broadcast researcher / PhD student in Media Studies / Coordinator of Support Public Broadcasting (SOS) Coalition), and Paseka Maleka (ICASA head of communications / media liaison) about the new SABC editorial policy draft
          Ecosexual        
Esse post vai para o meu amigo, agora artista, Caique que acabou de fazer uma perfomance artística em manifesto ao caso Geyse.


Quando vcs pensam em San Francisco, quais as 2 palavras-chaves que vem a cabeça?
Sexual freedom e green city.
Agora imagine juntar as 2 idéias. O que que vira? ECOSEX.


Isso mesmo, a cidade que é obcecada por sustentabilidade e green products agora ataca o mercado erótico e vem com tudo! ui!

San Francisco além de possuir a green trendy label, historicamente, a cidade é um marco da liberdade sexual, ou seja, o que não falta aqui são sex shops. No entanto, as sex shop aqui, muito diferente do Brasil, possuem uma outra conotação. Não são lojas pejorativas que vendem utensílios bizarros de filme pornochanchada.


As boutiques, como são categorizadas, são chiques, discretas, conscientes com o meio ambiente e atingem um público com alto nível de escolaridade, preocupado com a saúde e com alto poder aquisitivo $$$$$.



Com a alta demanda nesse nicho, o público altamente preocupado com o bem-estar não encontrava a qualidade desejada nos sex toys vendidos no mercado.
A maioria dos sex toys eram produzidos em fábricas com trabalhadores explorados e os brinquedos continham excesso de química que estava diretamente relacionado a substâncias cancerígenas.

O tempo passou e um mundo novo se abriu! ai!
Produtos agora tageados como Ecorotic products são o novo hit dos (as) amantes daquilo.



A maioria dos novos green toys são recicláveis, orgânicos (!!!!), de silicone, desenvolvidos com aprovação médica, hipoalergênicos, funcionam na base da manivela ou até recarregáveis através da energia solar!

Os empreendedores, desse mercado agora denominado como natural sex toy world, são, ao contrário do Brasil, compostos por pessoas com alto expertise em meio ambiente e PhD em sexologia.

Boutiques de dildos
Uma das sex toys mais conceituadas aqui em SF é a Good Vibrations.


Uma loja discreta com a porta metade aberta que ao entrar, um mundo de dildos de diferentes formatos, cores e materiais são expostos como loja de brinquedo infantil para degustação.
E claro a linha Ecorotic é a linha de produtos com a melhor posição no display.
Um ambiente claro, arejado, limpo, com vendedoras chiques e discretas que te ajudam a escolher o melhor brinquedo de sua preferência.


Diferentes segmentos
para os tímidos
Se vc é uma pessoa mais discreta e prefere fazer suas compras pessoais away de estranhos, a Libida é perfeita para você. Loja online only, fundada por uma doutorada em sexualidade humana, Petra Zebroff.



para os exigentes
Agora se vc procura algo mais customizado, a Vixen Creations, há 17 anos no mercado, desenvolve e manufatura os dildos de silicone vendidos nas maiorias das boutiques da região. Todo brinquedo é feito a mão e ainda oferece uma garantia vitalícia do produto.



para os esnobes
No entanto, se vc prefere um dildo esteticamente mais atraente, certamente os produtos da Nob Essence é para você. A empresa fabrica dildos de madeira certificada e o CEO da Marca, Jason Yoder, possuem background em estudos do meio ambiente.



para os extravagantes
Se vc é uma pessoa fancy e quer um dildo extravagante, entre no site da Glass Dildome e encontre o melhor dildo de vidro.




para os tecno- nerds
Você, nerd, que é todo tecnológico, tem para vc também, viu! A empresa JuicyLogic desenvolve produtos recarregáveis através de energia solar! Ou seja, o seu dildo faz o trabalho completo para te satisfazer sem causar impacto no ambiente! Uau!


para os amantes da natureza
Você quer muito um dildo e tá meio sem grana? Tudo bem! A cozinha é o comodo da casa que mais dildos possui. Pense em todas as frutas, vegetais, plantas e flores.



Se joga e arrasa! ai que delícia!


Esse post é uma versão da raponesa da matéria Do It Naturally do jornal semanal Guardian que circula aqui na Bay Area.


Para ver a incrível matéria na integra, clique aqui.
          Volunteer: Research Expedition in Norway!!        

JOIN A RESEARCH EXPEDITION IN NORWAY

We are currently searching for 7 research assistants to join boat based expeditions in Norway.



Best Explorer (www.bestexpeditions.net)

Aims of the expedition and itinerary

The aim of this expedition is to conduct a survey during which we will collect data on marine mammal distribution along the North coast of Norway. Data will be used by several students working currently on their PhD and Master´s thesis in Whale Safari Andenes, Norway. This expedition is organized in collaboration with La Isla de los Delfines (www.laisladelosdelfines.com). 

We will sail out from Tromsø harbor, and during 7 days of navigation we will pass through the areas of high concentration of cetaceans along the coast of the Vesterålen and Lofoten islands, like the Bleik Canyon, a key feeding ground for sperm whales. In the area we might also encounter killer whales, Atlantic white-sided dolphins, white beaked dolphins, pilot whales, porpoises, fin whales, minke whales and humpback whales. We will conduct visual and acoustic surveys, and work on the photo identification of sperm whales and killer whales. We will spend the night at a different harbor each day, allowing us to explore the wild coasts of these islands.

The itinerary is subjected to weather conditions, as sometimes the sea state may oblige us to stay on land. In this case, additional activities will be proposed.

Dates
·         16th – 24th June 2011
·         19th – 27th September 2011

The boat and life on board

Best Explorer is a 15 m long sailing boat that has been used for sailing across remote areas in Northern Norway and the Arctic during the past years. It has a capacity for 12 persons and is perfectly equipped to conduct research surveys.

More info: www.bestexpeditions.net

The boat is equipped with 3 showers and a full kitchen. As space might be limited, we recommend bringing reduced luggage.

Participant requirements and duties

Participants will help during the survey in effort and marine mammal data collection and analysis. During the expedition we will expend cca 10h a day working on the survey. Participants will learn how to design surveys and data sheets, use GPS, recognize marine mammal species, gather behavior data, individual identification of cetaceans and sailing skills among other tasks.

We will enjoy local nature and landscapes through excursions the rest of the time, the midnight sun in June, and northern lights in September.

During the expedition, participants will be provided with lectures about marine mammals, cetaceans and training in research techniques. A boat safety lecture will be also arranged on the first day of the expedition.
Anyone with an interest in getting actively involved in marine mammal research can join the expedition. Though no prior experience in the marine mammal field is necessary, it will be considered a plus

The applicants should be aware of the weather conditions on the Norwegian sea, which can sometimes be rough, so we discourage people who suffer from seasickness to apply.

Applicants will be accepted on a first come – first served basis. 

Participation fee

Unfortunately, the budget of this project is very limited, so there is a fee of 1500 euros per participant strictly to cover the boat expenses. 

The fee includes travel insurance, accommodation on board in 3-4 persons cabins, and boat expenses (e.g: rental fee, crew salary, oil, harbor fees). Food expenses will not be covered, but we will keep these expenses low by arranging community meals. 

As the participation fee only covers boat expenses calculated on the basis of 7 participants, we need to fill all the assistant positions for the expedition to take place.

The payment can be done by 30th April and it can be done through installement, but please consult me beforehand for this way of payment. However, a part of the fee (300 euros) must be paid in advance (before 31st March) to book the placement. This fee will be returned if the participant communicates refusal of the placement before 31st March.


For more information and application, please contact:
macostaplata@gmail.com

Marta Acosta
Researcher
Whale Safari Andenes
www.whalesafari.no
macostaplata@gmail.com  


          Employment: UK!        

Head of Bioacoustics Technology, Aquatec Group, Hartley Wintney, UK

About Aquatec
Aquatec Group is a UK-based manufacturer of oceanographic and subsea instrumentation, sold throughout the world for use by research organisations, survey companies, fisheries and the oil and gas industry. Our product range includes a number of bioacoustics-related products, including the AQUAclick (a Static Acoustic Monitoring data logger) and various models of AQUAmark (acoustic deterrent devices) for bycatch mitigation.

About the Role
To support our growing bioacoustics-related business, we are currently recruiting at our UK office for a Head of Bioacoustics Technology position, reporting to the Managing Director.

Aquatec develops and manufactures solutions for marine mammal monitoring and bycatch mitigation, with an in-house engineering team that comprises acoustics, electronics and software engineers. Within the role, you will be expected to provide the interface between the engineering team and the needs of regulators, specifiers and end users of the technology. You will be in regular contact with marine mammal scientists around the world.

Within the role you will be expected to develop the bioacoustics arm of the business, take part in product development and testing, and support existing users of products. The role requires someone who has a well-rounded mix of personal, scientific, and business development skills.

About You
You will be degree qualified with a Masters or PhD in Marine Biology or similar. You will be a citizen of the European Community or will have a permanent right to work in the United Kingdom. You will have practical field experience in the use of static acoustic monitoring systems, and a good understanding of bioacoustics principles. You will be able to process and present bioacoustics data using Matlab, C or both. Ideally you will be in a similar position, or actively working in marine mammal research in the field, and looking for a new challenge. You will need to be competent and confident in the representation of Aquatec to potential customers as well as confident with Aquatec’s internal team to build and expand the company’s business.

The Reward

Aquatec is based in pleasant semi-rural surroundings in Hampshire, UK, approximately 40 miles or one hour’s train journey from London. You will be working with a highly motivated and dynamic team and a diverse range of clients and contacts around the world, with opportunities to travel. Salary will be competitive and will reflect your current experience. Assistance with relocation may also be available.

For more information or queries please send CV/Resume to Reva Perryman, Office Administrator at Aquatec Group, email rperryman@aquatecgroup.com.

Aquatec Group Limited
Registered in England
No 2523284

Registered Address:
High Street, Hartley Wintney
Hampshire, RG27 8NY, UK

Tel: +44 (0)1252 843072
Fax: +44 (0)1252 843074

www.AquatecGroup.com


          Volunteering: Marine Mammal Behavior and Cognition Lab!        
The Marine Mammal Behavior and Cognition Lab at the University of Southern Mississippi offers an internship to college juniors, seniors and recent graduates. There are three available internship periods each year: Spring, Summer, and Fall.

Interns work on research projects being conducted by faculty members and graduate students, and will gain experience in both behavioral and acoustic data collection and analyses. Specific experiences depend on the research projects that are ongoing at the time of the internship.

Summer 2010 Internship: We will be accepting two interns for this internship period. The primary research being conducted at this time involves field abundance surveys and photo-identification of bottlenose dolphins in Mississippi Sound. Applications due March 15th. Anticipated start date is May 1st.

This internship is an unpaid voluntary position, and interns are responsible for arranging their own transportation and housing. Interns are also required to receive college credit for the internship; enrollment may be with The University of Southern Mississippi or an academic institution of their choice.
Students interested in applying for the internship are required to send:

• Complete application form (pdf)
• CV or Résumé
• Letter of intent describing your career goals, reason(s) for wanting the internship, and what you expect to contribute to and gain from the internship
• Unofficial or official copy of your transcripts
• At least two letters of recommendation (preferably from those who can attest to your academic and scientific abilities)
All materials should be sent to:

Internship Coordinator: Courtney Smith
Marine Mammal Behavior and Cognition Internship
Department of Psychology
The University of Southern Mississippi
118 College Drive, # 5025
Hattiesburg, MS 39406-5025

Materials may arrive separately or together, all materials must be postmarked by the pertinent deadline: Fall - July 1st; Spring - December 1st; Summer - March 15th

Please direct all information requests and related materials to Courtney Smith at kuczaj_laboratory@yahoo.com.

Best,

Courtney

--
Courtney Smith
MA,PhD Student
Internship Coordinator
Marine Mammal Behavior & Cognition Lab
Experimental Psychology Program
University of Southern Mississippi

          Volunteering: Capricorn Cetaceans Project!        

The Capricorn Cetaceans Project is currently accepting applications for volunteers,interns and research assistants for the Australian winter season from June to September 2010.

The Capricorn Cetacean Project started in 2006 as part of Cagnazzi Daniele PhD study. The primary aim of this project was to study inshore dolphin species primarily on two threatened species the Indo-Pacific humpback dolphin and the Australian snubfin dolphin in the Southern Great Barrier Reef, from Gladstone to Shoalwater Bay,
Queensland Australia. With the years this project evolved including studies more species.

Field work include daily coastal surveys, coastal expedition and reef expeditions. Coastal daily surveys will be conducted on a 6m center console vessel, due to the extension of the study area launching points vary depending on the weather and surveys needs. Costal expeditions will be organized to survey the most remote areas, several hundred km away from any human activity. These expeditions will last between 4 and 5 days, during which we will sleep in a camp set up on unexploited beaches where with some luck we will fish our dinner. Reef expedition (50 miles away from the coast) will be done with a 13m long 5 star powered catamaran with all the comforts.

Nights will be spent within the lagoons of breath taking coral islands (Lady Musgrove, Lady Elliot, Heron Island and Fitzroy Reef) that will be possible to explore during the afternoon at the end of the work day. Snorkeling is also possible and worthwhile,and as I am a diving instructor upon interes we can organize some dives too.

During field work we will applied standard technique normally used in cetaceans studies and we will also collect skin samples using a biopsy pole and a PAXARM biopsy system.

These are the major projects on which we will be working:

- Modelling habitat suitability of coastal dolphins along the QLD coast

- Population genetics and phylogeography of Australian snubfin and humpback dolphins in Australian waters: defining appropriate management units for conservation

- Taxonomic status and ecology of a undescribed form of spinner dolphin "pigmy spinner dolphin" (Stenella spp) from the Capricorn Bunker group, Southern Great Barrier Reef.

- Use of non-destructive toxicology biomarkers and residue analysis to assess the toxicology status of humpback dolphins (Sousa chinensis) and snubfin dolphins (Orcaella heinsohni) in Australian coastal waters

- Estimating population size of inshore dolphins species in Central Queensland using DISTANCE techniques.

Furthermore we will continue with the collection of data from all cetaceans species sighted during our surveys, such as dugongs, offshore bottlenose dolphins, inshore bottlenose dolphins, spinners dolphins, humpback whale, Minke whales and False killer whales. We will also continue collecting photo-id data on humpback and snubfin
dolphins to increase accuracy of population estimates and to estimate population trend.

While on land the team will share a house in Yeppoon a nice costal town in Central Queensland, accommodation including internet and power is free,while we will share the shopping costs for the food.

The possibility of an internship will be evaluated directly with the interested person.

Volunteers are not required to have any previous experience except for a profound interest in cetaceans and a background in marine studies or similar. Application from volunteers for less than 2 months will not be considered.

One research assistant position is also available and potential candidates are required to stay for the full four months. Research Assistant need to have previous experience with boat handling and field work studies. The successful applicant will have the food costs plus a weekly reimbursement to discuss directly with me.

Interested applicants should forward a letter and their CV directly to me dcagna10@scu.edu.au

For more detailed information do not hesitate to contact me

Daniele Cagnazzi
PhD
Southern Cross University Whale Research Centre
Southern Cross University
2480 Lismore NSW Australia
PH: +61 0266203815
FAX: +61 0266212669


          What are the top Computer science programs for women?        
What are the top Computer Science Programs for Women?

How would one even answer the question?

Some people did a study based on National Center for Education Statistics and Payscale. The results are here.

1) While I believe the top X school listed are pretty good for women in computing I don't believe that (say) the Yth school is better than the (Y+1)th school for some values of X and all values of Y.

2) I appreciate that they put in the work for this.

3) Overall good news and bad news:

The number of female professionals in computer science has fallen by 35% since 1990

The number of women  finishing a comp sci degree has increased by 75% in the last five years.

4) Why do we care? If there are many talented people in group X who are being discouraged from going into field Y, but society needs more people in field Y then YES we should do something about that. Also, if a certain group of people is shut out then a group-think might occur.

5) What to do? Organizations like Girls who code are good. The younger they start the bettter.

6) Is there a social stigma for women to go into computer science? I think the answer is yes. How can we break that stigma? Realize that the notion of a female lawyer or doctor at one time had a stigma but I don't think it does anymore. What did they do right? What are we doing wrong?

7) Personal note:

I have mentored 58 High School Students. 56 were male, 2 were female.

I have mentored 45 ugrad students. 33 were male, 12 were female.

I have supervised 17 Masters students. 15 were male, 2 were female

I have supervised 7 PhD students, 6 were male, 1 was female.

The HS students stats are the most startling (at least to me). I don't have much control on this one as HS students seek me out and they happen to mostly be male. Reading that over it sounds weak on my part.


          89944 Hat Problems        

I've blogged about different hat problems a few times (see here). The question arises: How many hat problems are there? The answer is really infinite (literally) but I will list some parameters and bound them reasonably to get an upper bound.  Some of the combinations don't make sense, but we'll live with that. (I am also working on a website of hat problem papers. Its nowhere near finished yet and maybe never will be, but its here for your benefit. And for mine-- if there are some obvious papers I've omitted then comment or email me.)

First off, what is a hat problem? Ignoring many parameters: There are n people and c different colors of  hats and they are put on people's heads and the people have to guess what color hat they have on. They can see some or all of the other people. I'll mention one that has someone's name on it:

Winkler's Hat Problem (Peter Winkler proposed it here along with some other hat problems and some non-hat problems that are also fun)

There are n people and 2 color hats. An adversary will put the hats no peoples heads. The people must guess simultaneously their hat color. Maximize how many get it right in the worst case.

(ADDED LATER: While I have seen the above referred to as Winkler's Hat Problem, Winkler
himself told me that hs problem has the hats put on RANDOMLY, not by an adversary.)

Peter Winkler and later a paper by Ebert  et al. (Not Ebert of Siskel and Ebert--- to bad, that would be awesome!) that I mention below seem to have popularized hat games somewhat.  But this post is not about their history its about

how many hat games are there?

Here are some parameters I've seen for hat games. If you know of any others please comment!


1) Is the number of hats finite, infinite (and assume AC), infinite (but don't assume AC). I could say that since there are infinitely many infinities this is an infinite number of parameters, but we'll stick to countable and say this is a 3-valued parameter.  A paper on infinite number of hats is here.

2) The two most common puzzles are to have the people either all see each other, or in a line where person i sees person j iff i ≤ j. This can be viewed as the people are on Kn or Ln.  There have been some papers on cycles (see herehere),  triangle-free graphs (see here), some directed graphs (see here), a PhD that studies the problem on cycles (see here), and a paper with several graphs (see here). Formally this would be an infinite-valued parameter, but we'll take the number of classes of graphs that actually have been studied to be 4.

3) Do the people all guess their hat at the same time OR is there some ordering OR in rounds  3-valued.

4) Are people allowed to pass or not? (if they are then usually we demand that at least one does not pass). 2-valued. The paper by Ebert-Merkle-Vollmer which allowed passing got a lot of attention and brought hat problems to the general public. Its here. A generalization of Ebert's version is here. Ebert's game but on a line is studied here

5) Are the hats put on by an adversary who can hear your strategy (I've never seen a paper about an adversary who can't hear your strategy) or uniformly randomly or random with some known probability. The last case has been studied in several papers by Theo van Uem (see hereherehere). 3 valued

6) The players strategy can be deterministic or randomized. 2-valued. Butler et. al's paper about deterministic strategies covers a lot of material: here. 2 valued.

7) What is the goal? To get as many right as possible all the time? To get the expected number right as large as possible (prob may be based on either the random placement of hats or the random strategy of the players). There are even more variations here such as you want for each color there is a guaranteed fraction that get it right (see here) 3-valued

8) Is there some other information available. Examples I've seen: (a) at least one hat is RED, (b) for each color there is a bound on how many hats there are of that color, (c) the hats are natural numbes x,y, and x+y. (see here) (d) there are n+1 colors, n people, and each perosn has a different color (see here). Many values depending on the information given, but we'll just say 4-valued, the info above and no info.

9) Can some other information be revealed first? I've seen a paper where first everyone who sees a RED hat raises their hand. 2-valued.

10) Is a delay allowed? There are some puzzles where the people do reasoning about what others might deduce, so there is a delay in answers. 2-valued

11) I've never seen this- but how about trying to make sure that everyone gets it WRONG. 2-valued

12) I don't count this as a hat problem but some do: they want to find collectively information about all of the hats. Aspnes et al has 0-1 valued hats and wants to simul vote on the parity, see here. 2-valued.

This puts an upper bound on the number of possible hat puzzles at

3 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 3 x 2 x 3 x 4 x 2 x 2 x 2 x 2 = 89944.

This figure is wrong for reasons for reasons that both argue higher and lower.

a) Lower: MANY of  these combinations do not work together. For example, if you have an adversary and a deterministic strategy you can't talk about doing well in the average case.

b) Higher: For many of the above categories my number-of-values is low. For example you could look at hat games on many different graphs.

c) Higher: there are other variants I have not listed. That's where YOU come in! If you know of a version I have not discussed then please comment or email it to me!




          Graduation from the Other Side        

I've attended many graduations in my time, mostly as faculty, a couple of times as a student or a brother. This last weekend I attended my first university graduation as a parent as my daughter Annie graduated from Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts. Brandeis has a big graduation ceremony with lots of speeches and then different departments or groups of departments have their own diploma ceremonies with their own speakers and where they give out the actual diplomas.

Brandeis gives out a number of honorary doctorates each year and for the first time gave one to a computer scientist, Turing Award Winner Leslie Lamport. Lamport received his PhD at Brandeis in math in 1972 before they had a CS deparment but now he has an (honorary) PhD in Computer Science. Lamport gave an eight-minute talk in the School of Science ceremony. But when you are a parent the weekend is about your child and my daughter didn't graduate from the school of science so I didn't see the Lamport talk.

In the main ceremony, Brandeis has not only an undergrad give a speech but also a grad student. Sounds like a crazy idea, but Vivekanand Vimal, Neuroscience PhD, gave what could be best described as a performance art. Since I can't find the video of Lamport and you probably don't want to see my videos of Annie, enjoy the new Dr. Vimal's ode to the craziness of the PhD and saving society.


          NGS Director - Akrigene Diagnostics - Silver Spring, MD        
Is looking for an energetic, self-motivated PhD molecular biologist to develop tests for our next generation sequencing platform. PhD – Service Director....
From Indeed - Wed, 09 Aug 2017 20:52:32 GMT - View all Silver Spring, MD jobs
          #PhD #abstract #readyfortheviva        
So here it is a glimpse of the “beast”. It took me almost 5 years to complete this. When I started this journey in January 2008 I had no idea what I had let myself into… I don’t think I...
          About a PhD…        
Any stories worth sharing? Here is some thoughts about my own experience as a PhD student. This post was inspired by Joyce Seitzinger’s tweet … and my lack of sleep! Basically the PhD is a journey … a journey you will start out with...
          My PhD in 3 minutes        
I am off to the JTEL Winter School on Advanced Learning Technologies 2010 It was quite a surprise to have received a scholarship, and quite short notice too. I can’t believe it’s already about to start! WOW I am excited about the programme. It seems to be quite hands-on. I was asked to create a three minute presentation [...]
          Weight Loss Diet Get free of Excess Skin after Massive Weight Loss        
you have lost any weight, you are on a strict diet jogging-You're even! But there is just a problem indeed many problems:





* the excess skin, you do not expect left after weight loss.





* Stubborn pockets of fat that diet and not to move.





* After losing a lot of weight but there is little left that will not disappear.





Do not! Before dropping the car and decide you are condemned to the fat and begin to grow double cheese in the mouth. There is a plastic surgery option. Plastic surgery after massive weight loss is an excellent tool for formatting these small pockets of flab that will not say goodbye. The "body lift" is most recommended for plastic surgery.





How the body Lift Gets the Job done





the body lift is a combination of plastic surgery which removes fat and tissue from different parts of the body. Tummy Tuck attacks fat belly, arms lifting the fight against "bingo wings", aspires liposuction fat, remove the battles end in fat, and thigh lift, you get point.





Unlike these techniques of plastic surgery, body lift works on the body for all body. It uses smaller versions of these procedures to pinch a little here, a little back there and give you the finished product-A perfect body! Remember to remove the body as the outcome of your massive weight loss saga.





Find the right Doc





Body lift is becoming increasingly popular surgery, and as he does, there are more doctors everywhere with the necessary experience to play. The first step is to research plastic surgeons in your area. You should seek a doctor who has some experience with the body lift. As it uses many different techniques, experience is key. If you cannot find one who does agency in your area, you should consider traveling to another area.





After finding a surgeon experienced body lift, there should be a consultation. During the consultation, your doctor will explain the procedure. They explain what you can expect from your surgery. They'll also ask you about your medical history, and make an overall assessment of your flab problems.





The consultation is also your chance to obtain information about the surgery. Ask lots of questions, have a look at the photos before and after, and ask the doctor about their experiences. If there is something that makes you walk around the clinic or the doctor, go elsewhere. It is far too important to leave in the hands of someone you do not fully trust.





You can expect some recovery time. Because the body uses to remove all small operations, the recovery can be severe. Make sure you follow the instructions of the doctor and above all, take it easy for a while. Do not engage in any part of your body. Just take a vacation on the couch and make someone else do anything too bad!





Do not feel gypped after massive weight loss. Get rid of the guard that flab around with a body lift. Plastic surgery after massive weight loss can help you the way you want to be thin and happy!


Siamak Agha-Mohammadi, MD PhD is a Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon. More about

weight loss diet: fast weight loss

weight loss diet: weight loss pills


          Weight Loss Diet Huge Weight Loss By Body Lift        
More people are considering a total body lifts surgery after weight loss mass. Before undergoing surgery as a body lift, make sure you choose a doctor you trust.





Over twenty thousand Americans have suffered a total body lift after massive weight loss. Many people have massive weight loss after surgery, dieting, pregnancy mass. Due to the sudden loss of weight of their body can produce excess skin on the body, which are unattractive to the person.





On the other hand, the excess skin can cause discomfort by producing rashes and infections and the chances are higher if the skin on the patient lack of elasticity. It can also prevent the person from wearing clothes that they like. Much plastic surgery can make post-bariatric surgery and use a variety of different body techniques. They can lift the whole body, sculpture, or remove the skin behind.





Whether it is through bariatric surgery or diet and exercise, weight loss often results in massive areas of loose, excess skin. If you lose a significant number of weight through changes in your eating habits or activities, loss of weight after cosmetic surgery procedures such as lifting a body in May be a good option to remove any excess skin. The choice to undergo body after weight loss is a great way to discover your new slim figure.





There are several steps that you can consider sending after bariatric surgery. For example, many choose to get liposuction, which removes small amounts of adipose tissue. Others get a Tummy Tuck, which removes excess skin, but can strengthen the muscles around the abdomen. This may create a thinner, flatter belly.





Some choose to make an arm or leg lift smooth thighs and arms after the surgery. With one end lift, cosmetic surgery reshapes the ass. Finally, many people choose to have a chest to restore the natural slope of the volume of the chest.





There are several risks and complications that can occur with a body lift. For example, in May you have surgical scars, which are permanent. Usually, these alerts will disappear within eighteen months, but there are people who scar worse than others.





Many patients also experience bleeding during and after surgery, which in extreme cases may require a blood transfusion. Usually, mild cases can be treated by aspiration or drainage of the surface. To reduce the risk of massive bleeding, it should not take blood thinners.





There is also a chance to develop an infection, although most physicians prescribe antibiotics to prevent infections from occurring. There will certainly be some pain and nausea, swelling and bruising. To minimize bruising, patients should wear a support all the time for three weeks. You should also massage the area daily.





Before surgery, be sure to choose a plastic surgeon you can trust. Understand all the risks and side effects before undergoing a plastic surgery procedure.


Siamak Agha-Mohammadi, MD PhD is a Board-Certified Plastic Surgeon. Learn more about

weight loss diet: rapid weight loss

weight loss diet: rapid weight loss


          The local, community and alternative press in Birmingham – some historical context        
An excerpt from a bit of my PhD (in progress) where I give a snapshot of Birmingham’s press history. Might be useful to a wider audience (or at least the list of references at the end might be). Any inaccuracies, then let me know. A small number of publications (Briggs 1949, McCulloch 2004, Whates 1957) […]
          Birmingham – LEARN TO PLAY AGAIN        
This is by way of a diversion from the meat of my PhD but in writing up my methodology I’ve become distracted by various bibliographic records of the alternative press in the UK in the 1960s and 1970s. The era is well documented by guides of the time and there exists many reels of microfiche […]
          Chicago linguists @ WCCFL 34        
Several current (and former) Chicagoans are in Salt Lake City this weekend to present their work at WCCFL 34: Emily Hanink and Julian Grove: German relative clauses and the severed index hypothesis Martina Martinovic (PhD 2015): Head-splitting in the Wolof clausal periphery Joanna Pietraszko: Local interactions in the prosodic structure of Ndebele verbs
          Chicago linguists at TAL 5        
Katie Franich will be presenting “Perception of Tonal Contours in Medumba” at the Tonal Aspects of Language to be held at the University of Buffalo on May 24-27.  Also presenting there is James Kirby (PhD 2013), who is talking about “Tone- melody correspondence in Vietnamese popular song” with his co-author, Bob Ladd.
          Remote Oncology Alliances Director        
A recruiting services company is in need of a Remote Oncology Alliances Director in Paramus. Must be able to: Direct collaborations with academic, pharma and biotech partners Facilitate work with biotech Directors and VPs, academic PIs, and others Develop and expand research and clinical collaborations with new partners Qualifications for this position include: Ability to travel 25% of the time (mostly regionally) MD/PhD degree and pharma/biotech experience (MS with deep scientific knowledge and extensive exp will be considered) Strong oncology background – hematology or immuno-oncology experience is a plus Understanding of the pre-clinical and clinical drug development process Experience collaborating with pharma or academic institutes
          Work from Home Staff Software Engineer        
A company transforming industry with software-defined machines has a current position open for a Work from Home Staff Software Engineer. Individual must be able to fulfill the following responsibilities: Engineer service automation Identify and define non-functional requirements Collaborate with cross functional stakeholders Qualifications for this position include: Must be willing to travel Bachelor's Degree in “STEM” Majors OR the completion of a code development pair-programming, boot camp-style, or accelerated training curriculum focused on contemporary software development OR High School Diploma / GED with a 4 years of IT experience 8 years of professional experience in IT OR Master’s degree with 6 years of experience in IT OR PhD with 3 years of experience in ITM Legal authorization to work in the U.S. Experience engineering cloud/online services at massive scale, including large scale SQL/NoSQL services DevOps practitioner with hands on experience delivering continuous integration and continuous delivery pipelines
          Are bias- and privilege-free PhD admissions possible?        
A question for my readers: if you have ever sat on a Ph.D. program admissions committee or similar (e.g. recruited Ph.D. students directly into your lab), what are the major criteria that help you pare down the applications into a short list for interviews? Here are some examples: high GPA prestige of undergrad institution good […]
          UPAYA ITATS MENUJU WORD CLASS UNIVERSITY        
  ITATS terus berbenah, agar perannya tidak saja dapat dinikmati masyarakat, baik dalam skala lokal dan regional. Di sisi lain, ITATS juga terus mengembangkan sayapnya dalam lingkup percaturan global, terutama untuk mewujudkan ITATS sebagai “word class university”. Untuk menyiapkan itu semua, ITATS telah melakukan beberapa terobosan. Sarana dan prasarana pendidikan pun terus ditingkatkan kuantitas maupun kualitasnya. Jalinan kerjasama dengan universitas di luar negeri juga mulai dijajaki. Sebagai awalan, saat ini ITATS telah mengirimkan delegasinya ke Taiwan. Kunjungan ke National Taiwan University of Science and Technology (NTUST – Taiwan) diwakili oleh Bpk. Ir. Ferry Suzantho, MBA, MSc, PhD (Wakil Direktur Program Pascasarjana). Semoga awalan ini membuahkan hasil yang baik, sehingga ITATS
          Tips Melawan Malas Saat Bangun Pagi        

8 tips yang akan membuat anda bangun pagi dengan dengan bersemangat.

1. Lihatlah Sesuatu Yang Berwarna
“Ketika mata Anda terbuka dan melihat sesuatu yang berwarna,
adrenalin akan terpicu dan seketika itu pula energi Anda akan terdorong,” ujar Leatrice Eiseman, direktur eksekutif dari Pantone Color Institute.
Gunakan warna-warna cerah seperti merah, orange atau kuning pada bantal, selimut atau apapun yang berada dekat area kasur ketika Anda membuka mata untuk pertama kalinya.
2. Bangun dan Lihatlah Bunga Mawar
“Melihat sekuntum bunga mawar ketika terbangun, terutama bagi wanita akan meningkatkan mood dan semangatnya yang akan bertahan sepanjang hari,” ujar Nancy Etcoff, PhD, anggota Harvard Medical School and the Harvard University
Mind/Brain/Behavior Initiative.


3. Berhenti Memencet Tombol ‘Snooze’ di Alarm Anda
“Ketika Anda menekan tombol snooze, otak Anda tahu dan akan berkata bahwa bunyi itu akan mati beberapa menit lagi, sehingga Anda akan tertidur lebih pulas. Tapi itu juga artinya Anda akan lebih capek mendengar bunyi itu daripada ketika mendengar bunyi itu pertama kalinya.

“Strategi yang paling tepat adalah menyetel alarm pada jam dimana Anda benar-benar akan bangun, tidak usah menyetelnya lebih awal karena Anda tahu hal itu hanya akan membuat Anda lebih sering menekan tombol snooze,” ujar Jodi Mindell, PhD dari The Sleep Disorders Center at the Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.
4. Gambarkan Harimu Sejenak
Ketika Anda benar-benar terbangun, tutup mata sejenak dan gambarkan apa yang akan Anda kerjakan pada hari itu dengan penuh semangat dan positif. “Berimajinasi tentang aktivitas selanjutnya akan merangsang otak untuk berpikir dan Anda akan berusaha mewujudkannya ketika benar-benar beraktivitas,” ujar Dana Lightman, PhD, psikolog dai Abington, PA.

5. Minumlah Air Segera Setelah Bangun
Meminum segelas air segera setelah terbangun adalah cara yang baik untuk mengganti cairan tubuh yang berkurang semalamnya. “Segala sesuatu yang terjadi di dalam tubuh memerlukan air. Tanpa air yang cukup, sistem metabolisme dalam tubuh akan bekerja lebih keras yang dapat menyebabkan melemahnya fungsi organ,” ujar Holly Andersen, MD, seorang asisten profesor di Weill Cornell Medical Center.

6. Biarkan Sinar Matahari Masuk
Sinar matahari yang menyentuh kulit akan membuat Anda lebih terbangun. Bacalah koran di dekat jendela atau keluarlah untuk sekedar minum kopi beberapa menit.

“Cahaya pagi yang masuk ke dalam tubuh bagaikan jam biologis yang akan menghentikan sekresi melatonin, hormon yang membuat seseorang mengantuk dan meningkatkan hormon serotonin yang memicu mood seseorang” ujar James B. Maas, PhD, seorang profesor psikologi di Cornell University.

7. Beri Sedikit Pijatan Di Wajah
Memijat area di sekitar wajah akan meningkatkan sirkulasi darah dan mempercepat bangun tidur. Mulailah memijat dari daerah kening, pipi, pukul-pukul dengan telapak tangan, kemudian daerah dagu dan akhirnya seluruh bagian wajah. Selain meningkatkan sirkulasi darah, gerakan memijat bisa membuat Anda berpijar dengan cepat.

8. Bermainlah Sedikit
Aktivitas fisik adalah satu cara ampuh untuk mengusir malas. lari2 sedikit atw sekedar pelemasan otot.

           RT @DrM_fr: Protecting web service from botnet exploitations http://tco/b2YXdSY1 #phd #thesis #botnets via @aszy        
2012-09-11 05:23:43 - 2gg : RT @DrM_fr: Protecting web service from botnet exploitations http://tco/b2YXdSY1 #phd #thesis #botnets via @aszy
           RT @DrM_fr: Protecting web service from botnet exploitations http://tco/b2YXdSY1 #phd #thesis #botnets via @aszy        
2012-09-11 04:00:59 - gianlucaSB : RT @DrM_fr: Protecting web service from botnet exploitations http://tco/b2YXdSY1 #phd #thesis #botnets via @aszy
           RT @DrM_fr: Protecting web service from botnet exploitations http://tco/b2YXdSY1 #phd #thesis #botnets via @aszy        
2012-09-11 03:23:07 - nicolasbrulez : RT @DrM_fr: Protecting web service from botnet exploitations http://tco/b2YXdSY1 #phd #thesis #botnets via @aszy
           Patterns in physiological trait variation delineate potential impacts of climate change on ectotherms         
Pintor, Anna Francisca Valentina (2015) Patterns in physiological trait variation delineate potential impacts of climate change on ectotherms. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Biogeography and the evolution of coral reef fish species         
Hodge, Jennifer Reneé (2014) Biogeography and the evolution of coral reef fish species. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Patterns and processes of diversification in groupers (family: Epinephelidae)         
Ma, Ka Yan (2014) Patterns and processes of diversification in groupers (family: Epinephelidae). PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Coming, going, gone?: Population connectivity and extinction risk in restricted range coral reef fishes on isolated islands         
van der Meer, Martin H. (2013) Coming, going, gone?: Population connectivity and extinction risk in restricted range coral reef fishes on isolated islands. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Evolutionary and ecological connectivity at hierarchical scales from sperm to species in the reef-building coral genus Seriatopora         
Warner, Patricia A. (2013) Evolutionary and ecological connectivity at hierarchical scales from sperm to species in the reef-building coral genus Seriatopora. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Evolutionary biogeography of Australian riverine turtles: Elseya spp. and Emydura macquarii krefftii         
Todd, Erica V. (2013) Evolutionary biogeography of Australian riverine turtles: Elseya spp. and Emydura macquarii krefftii. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Spatial patterns of vertebrate biodiversity and assemblage structure in the rainforests of the Australian wet tropics         
Williams, Stephen E. (1998) Spatial patterns of vertebrate biodiversity and assemblage structure in the rainforests of the Australian wet tropics. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Dating the evolutionary origins of coral reef fishes         
Cowman, Peter Francis (2011) Dating the evolutionary origins of coral reef fishes. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Reef fishes on isolated islands: community structure, endemism and extinction         
Hobbs, Jean-Paul A. (2011) Reef fishes on isolated islands: community structure, endemism and extinction. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           The history and relationships of northern platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) populations: a molecular approach         
Kolomyjec, Stephen H. (2010) The history and relationships of northern platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus) populations: a molecular approach. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Distribution and geographic variation of sea kraits in the Laticauda colubrina complex (Serpentes, Elapidae, Laticaudinae)         
Heatwole, Harold (2010) Distribution and geographic variation of sea kraits in the Laticauda colubrina complex (Serpentes, Elapidae, Laticaudinae). PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Molecular ecology of the endangered Gouldian Finch Erythrura gouldiae         
Esparza Salas, Rodrigo (2008) Molecular ecology of the endangered Gouldian Finch Erythrura gouldiae. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Dispersal of coral larvae: a modelling perspective on its determinants and implications         
Blanco-Martin, Bernardo (2006) Dispersal of coral larvae: a modelling perspective on its determinants and implications. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Biogeography of coral reef shore gastropods in the Philippines         
Vallejo, Benjamin (2003) Biogeography of coral reef shore gastropods in the Philippines. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Population genetics of dugongs around Australia : implications of gene flow and migration         
McDonald, Brenda J (2005) Population genetics of dugongs around Australia : implications of gene flow and migration. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Post-hatchling sea turtle biology         
Boyle, Michelle C. (2006) Post-hatchling sea turtle biology. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Behavioural ecology of Irrawaddy, Orcaella brevirostris (Owen in Gray, 1866), and Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins, Sousa chinensis (Osbeck, 1765), in northeast Queensland, Australia : a comparative study         
Parra, Guido J. (2005) Behavioural ecology of Irrawaddy, Orcaella brevirostris (Owen in Gray, 1866), and Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins, Sousa chinensis (Osbeck, 1765), in northeast Queensland, Australia : a comparative study. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Local adaptation in the wedge-tailed shearwater (Puffinus pacificus)         
Peck, Darren Rodney (2006) Local adaptation in the wedge-tailed shearwater (Puffinus pacificus). PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Species boundaries in scleractinian corals: a case study of the Acropora humilis species group         
Wolstenholme, Jackie (2003) Species boundaries in scleractinian corals: a case study of the Acropora humilis species group. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           The epidemiology of melioidosis in Papua New Guinea         
Warner, Jeffrey Mitchell (2004) The epidemiology of melioidosis in Papua New Guinea. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Systematics, biogeography and functional morphology of the Box Crabs (Family Calappidae)         
Bellwood, Orpha (2002) Systematics, biogeography and functional morphology of the Box Crabs (Family Calappidae). PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           An evaluation of geographic variation in the life history and behaviour of anemonefishes: A common-garden approach         
Buechler, Karin (2005) An evaluation of geographic variation in the life history and behaviour of anemonefishes: A common-garden approach. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Patterns in the composition and distribution of the vertebrate fauna, desert uplands bioregion, Queensland.         
Kutt, Alexander Sulev (2004) Patterns in the composition and distribution of the vertebrate fauna, desert uplands bioregion, Queensland. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Population genetic relationships in the roseate tern: globally, regionally and locally         
Lashko, Anna (2004) Population genetic relationships in the roseate tern: globally, regionally and locally. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
          The Wenner-Gren Foundation        
Website Deadline: November 1 and May 1 Submission Method: Electronic Current Fellows Recent Chicago Fellows: None Competition Level: A maximum of 8 fellowships are awarded annually; the number of applications submitted is not available Eligibility: Applicants must have received a PhD or equivalent within ten years of the application deadline; preference is given to untenured […]
          The Huntington Library        
Website Deadline: December 15 (postmark) Submission Method: Mail Current Fellows: Not available Recent Chicago Fellows: Not available Competition Level: Over 100 long- and short-term fellowships are awarded annually; the number of applications submitted is not available Eligibility: Short-term: PhD or equivalent, or doctoral candidate at dissertation stage Long-term: PhD or equivalent; for Barbara Thom Postdoctoral […]
          Michael Lavagnino        
Mechanical Engineering
PhD Engineering Mechanics, Michigan State University, 2007
MS Biomedical Engineering, University of Michigan, 1998
MSE Mechanical Engineering, University of Michigan, 1998
BS Biomedical Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, 1996
T. David Sisk Award for Best Original Research Paper, Sports Health Journal, 2011 “Infrapatellar Straps Decrease Patellar Tendon Strain at the Site of the Jumper’s Knee Lesion: A Computational Analysis Based on Radiographic Measurements”
New Investigator Recognition Awards Finalist, Orthopaedic Research Society, 2011 “In situ deflection of tendon cell cilia in response to tensile loading: An in vitro study.”
Cabaud Memorial Award, The American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine, 2008 “Patellar tendon strain is increased at the site of the jumper’s knee lesion during knee flexion and tendon loading: Results and cadaveric testing of a computational model.”

Effective teaching, Curriculum development, Tendon mechanobiology, biomechanics, orthopaedics

Lavagnino M, Brooks AE, Oslapas AN, Gardner KL, Arnoczky SP. Crimp Length Decreases in Lax Tendons due to Cytoskeletal Tension, but is Restored with Tensional Homeostasis. 2016 Nov 23. doi: 10.1002/jor.23489. [Epub ahead of print]
Lavagnino M, Oslapas AN, Gardner KL, Arnoczky SP. Hypoxia Inhibits Primary Cilia Formation and Reduces Cell-Mediated Contraction in Stress-Deprived Rat Tail Tendon Fascicles Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 6(2):193-197, 2016.
Rashmir-Raven AM, Lavagnino M, Sedlak A, Gardner KL, Arnoczky SP. Increased susceptibility of skin from HERDA (Hereditary Equine Regional Dermal Asthenia)-affected horses to bacterial collagenase degradation: a potential contributing factor to the clinical signs of HERDA. Vet Dermatol. 26(6):476-80, 2015.
Lavagnino M, Madison J, Williams MR, Arnoczky SP. The Equine Suspensory Ligament Exhibits a Heterogeneous Strain Pattern under Tensile Load. Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol. 28(5):306-11, 2015.
Lavagnino M, Gardner KL, Arnoczky SP. High magnitude, in vitro, biaxial, cyclic tensile strain induces actin depolymerization in tendon cells. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 5(2):124-128, 2015.
Lavagnino M, Malek K, Gardner KL, Arnoczky SP. Thermal energy enhances cell-mediated contraction of lax rat tail tendon fascicles following exercise. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J. 5(1):51-55, 2015.
Lavagnino M, Wall ME, Little D, Banes AJ, Guilak F, Arnoczky SP. Tendon mechanobiology: Current knowledge and future research opportunities. J Orthop Res. 33(6):813-822, 2015.
Lavagnino M, Bedi A, Walsh CP, Sibilsky Enselman ER, Sheibani-Rad S, Arnoczky SP. Tendon Contraction After Cyclic Elongation Is an Age-Dependent Phenomenon: In Vitro and In Vivo Comparisons. Am J Sports Med 42(6):1471-1477, 2014.
Brown S, Stubbs NC, Kaiser LJ, Lavagnino M, Clayton HM. Swing phase kinematics of horses trotting over poles. Equine Vet J. 47(1):107-112, 2015.
Clayton HM, Stubbs NC, Lavagnino M. Stance phase kinematics and kinetics of horses trotting over poles. Equine Vet J. 47(1):113-118, 2015.
Lavagnino M, Gardner K, Sedlak AM, Arnoczky SP. Tendon cell ciliary length as a biomarker of in situ cytoskeletal tensional homeostasis. Muscles Ligaments Tendons J 11;3(3):118-121, 2013.
Halley SE, Bey MJ, Haladik JA, Lavagnino M, Arnoczky SP: Three dimensional, radiosteriometric analysis (RSA) of equine stifle kinematics and articular surface contact: A cadaveric study. Equine Vet J 46(3):364-369, 2014.
Lavagnino M, Gardner K, Arnoczky SP: Age Related Changes in the Cellular, Mechanical, and Contractile Properties of Rat Tail Tendons. Connect Tissue Res 54(1):70-75, 2013.
Wintz LR, Lavagnino M, Gardner KL, Sedlak AM, Arnoczky SP: Age-dependent effects of systemic administration of oxytetracycline on the viscoelastic properties of rat tail tendons as a mechanistic basis for pharmacological treatment of flexural limb deformities in foals. Am J Vet Res 73(12):1951-1956, 2012.
Clayton HM, Kaiser LJ, Lavagnino M, Stubbs NC: Evaluation of intersegmental vertebral motion during performance of dynamic mobilization exercises in cervical lateral bending in horses. Am J Vet Res 73(8):1153-1159, 2012.
Clayton HM, Belock B, Lavagnino M, Kaiser LJ: Forces and pressures on the horse's back during bareback riding. Vet J 195(1):48-52, 2013.
Gardner KL, Lavagnino M, Egerbacher M, Arnoczky SP: Re-establishment of cytoskeletal tensional homeostasis in lax tendons occurs through an actin-mediated cellular contraction of the extracellular matrix. J Orthop Res 30(11):1695-1701, 2012.
Belock B, Kaiser LJ, Lavagnino M, Clayton HM: Comparison of pressure distribution under a conventional saddle and a treeless saddle at sitting trot. Vet J 193(1):87-91, 2012.
Fowlie JG, Arnoczky SP, Lavagnino M, Stick JA: Stifle extension results in differential tensile forces developing between abaxial and axial components of the cranial meniscotibial ligament of the equine medial meniscus: A mechanistic explanation for meniscal tear patterns. Equine Vet J 44(5):554-558, 2012.
Fowlie J, Arnoczky S, Lavagnino M, Maerz T, Stick J: Resection of Grade III cranial horn tears of the equine medial meniscus alter the contact forces on medial tibial condyle at full extension: an in-vitro cadaveric study. Vet Surg 40(8):957-965, 2011.
Clayton HM, Lavagnino M, Kaiser LJ, Stubbs NC: Evaluation of biomechanical effects of four stimulation devices placed on the hind feet of trotting horses. Am J Vet Res 72(11):1489-1495, 2011.
Clayton HM, Lavagnino M, Kaiser LJ, Stubbs NC: Swing phase kinematic and kinetic response to weighting the hind pasterns. Equine Vet J 43(2):210-215, 2011.
Lavagnino M, Dodds J, Arnoczky S, Elvin N: Infrapatellar Straps Decrease Patellar Tendon Strain at the Site of the Jumper's Knee Lesion: A Computational Analysis Based on Radiographic Measurements.. Sports Health: A Multidisciplinary Approach 3:296-302, 2011
Lavagnino M, Arnoczky SP, Gardner K: In situ deflection of tendon cell-cilia in response to tensile loading: an in vitro study. J Orthop Res 29(6):925-930, 2011.
Gardner KL, Arnoczky SP, Lavagnino M: The Effect of In vitro Stress Deprivation and Cyclic Loading on the Length of Tendon Cell Cilia in situ. J Orthop Res 29(4):582-587, 2011.
Clayton HM, Larson B, Kaiser LJ, Lavagnino M.: Length and elasticity of side reins affect rein tension at trot. Vet J 188(3):291-294, 2011.
Degree Programs: 
Mechanical Engineering

          By: Yuguang Fan        
Hi Mathew, I was the girl sitting next to you and Sam last Saturday. I didn't know you did your Phd at the ANU. I also did my Phd at the ANU. What a shame what they did to school of music. Uni melb school of music seems to be so much more active. I went to a lunch time concert this week, very impressive. Anyways, I had a look at your blog. I see a review on the rubiks but not on the pieces they played. Maybe I missed it. Hope to see you again at some concert some times. Yuguang Fan
          The Month of Love        
i have really been loving some of the things sofia has been doing lately. kind of. you love it until you have to do it with her 100+ times in a row. here are some of the things she loves:

1. aladdin. we used to sing "i feel my Savior's love" every night to her. not anymore. she makes us sing "riffraff street rat, i don't buy that..." you know, that song. we also have to finish with the dialogue aladdin has with abu right after the song.

2. also from aladdin: she'll go under the dinner table, poke her head out over the bench, make you say "do you trust me" then she says "si" then together you say "then juuuuuuump!" while pulling her over the bench. remember that scene? again, cute, until you've done it 15x in a row. doesn't get old to her.

3. we listen to disney pandora at least 1-2 hours per day. she know every disney princess song and will dance with the specific princess figurine that is singing (thanks grandma queen, she LOVES them). she knows which princess is missing and we all have to stop what we are doing to find her, or she freaks out.

4. she planks. if you've seen the office, then you know what i'm talking about. the last picture below shows her planking randomly in our living room...and jeff put lucas on top of her for a quick photo.

grandma queen came to visit last week while jeffrey was in michigan for a phd interview. we love when grandmas come to play. so spoiled. everything they are wearing, including the socks, were thanks to my mama. come again soon. like next week?







did i mention how much i love this little man? he seriously is a mamas boy and i can't get enough of him.
          What Does Victory Look Like in Afghanistan?        

https://thestrategybridge.org/the-bridge/2017/8/9/what-does-victory-look-like-in-afghanistan

What Does Victory Look Like in Afghanistan?

Adam Wunische 

 August 9, 2017

More U.S. troops are likely headed back to Afghanistan soon, while the Trump Administration is also now considering withdrawal. Before either option––or anything in between––is considered, the U.S. needs to decide what version of victory it wants before it can decide on a strategy.

One of the most shocking statements I’ve heard on Afghanistan in sometime was that the official U.S. policy is to force the Taliban into a negotiated settlement. This statement came from a highly respected scholar of U.S. foreign policy and military strategy. I wondered what veterans like myself should think of such a policy. Almost 17 years of fighting, over 2,000 killed, and countless others wounded or otherwise affected, and our strategy is now to accept peace with the Taliban and see them holding legislative seats in Kabul and contributing to governing Afghanistan?

To be fair, the statement above was somewhat of a misstatement. What he intended to say was that this is the actual policy being pursued by the U.S., if unofficially and inconsistently. It is an unofficial policy because it would be highly unpopular with the domestic audience in the U.S., and it is inconsistent because presidents have been unwilling to commit the political capital necessary to sustain such a policy. Since a possible troop increase was announced in June, journalists and analysts (and Trump’s advisors) have been debating the strategy to which the U.S. should commit itself. However, these debates often consider strategies in isolation, and this is a mistake. Strategies must be judged relative to the realistic alternatives. This article categorizes the most common recent arguments, considers their limitations, and makes an argument for the least bad option, a negotiated settlement with the Taliban.

MILITARY ENGAGEMENT WITHOUT A COHERENT POLICY SHAPING THE STRATEGY BY WHICH THE CAMPAIGN IS CARRIED OUT IS LITTLE MORE THAN ORGANIZED SLAUGHTER.

One potential strategy considers the possibility of a post-World War II arrangement, leaving a permanent contingent of U.S. forces in Afghanistan to keep the Taliban and others at bay and influence other countries with interests in Central Asia. Unsurprisingly, many considering this possibility find the prospect unsustainable and possibly unachievable.

Another strategy considers the complex regional dynamics of the situation and suggests increasingly forceful engagement with neighboring countries, specifically Pakistan. Use of Pakistani territory sustains and strengthens Taliban operations in Afghanistan and the Pakistanis have been notoriously difficult partners for the U.S. and others.

Still another approach considers the folly of sending more troops before a coherent strategy, or even policy, has been agreed upon. Almost 200 years ago, Clausewitz asserted, “War is a mere continuation of policy by other means.” Military engagement without a coherent policy shaping the strategy by which the campaign is carried out is little more than organized slaughter.

A final take on the situation defines victory as an Afghanistan fully restored via so-called nation-building. This argument suggests less reliance on the military and more on civilians and the State Department. Otherslike Gary Dempsey, argue the costs so greatly outweigh the benefits that the U.S. should simply cut its losses and withdraw. Withdrawal arguments usually suggest that after ground forces have left the U.S. should send targeted operations into Afghanistan whenever violent non-state actors set up shop again, but this assumes the political will and legal justifications will hold indefinitely––which isn’t a safe assumption.

The problem with all of the above arguments is that they only consider one possible form of victory, or take the form of victory as a given. This can be effective when advocating for certain policies, but it also comes with significant limitations. As an alternative, I will present a variety of potential victories––each different in some critical way––and assess the prospects for achieving each and what they mean for U.S. strategy in Afghanistan.

WHAT ARE THE PROSPECTS FOR A TOTAL VICTORY?

It is first necessary to assess the most common assumption for victory and the current state of that possibility. The early stages of the war in Afghanistan were entirely directed at removing the Taliban from power and going after al Qaeda's central structure. This gave Operation Enduring Freedom a specific counterterrorism focus. Therefore, the early objectives necessary for victory were limited: end or degrade al Qaeda and the Taliban. This mission was accomplished, and surprisingly quickly. However, the mission then shifted from counterterrorism to ambitious state-building as the security situation deteriorated and the Taliban began to push back into the country from their sanctuary in Pakistan. NATO troops pushed out from Kabul and sought to extend the new central government’s authority throughout the country.

ASSUMING ANOTHER MILITARY VICTORY OVER THE TALIBAN COULD BE ACHIEVED, THE AFGHAN GOVERNMENT WOULD STILL NEED TO ESTABLISH CONTROL OVER A TERRITORY THAT FEW CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE EVER BEEN ABLE TO CONTROL SINCE MODERN AFGHANISTAN WAS FOUNDED AROUND 1747.

If we assume these more ambitious statebuilding objectives to be the standard by which victory is now measured, each of the following would have to happen before that victory could be considered won: the Taliban would have to be beaten back militarily, the Afghan government would need to establish control over the overwhelming majority of the country, and the U.S. would have no more than a small contingent of trainers and advisors on the ground. Given the length of the effort in Afghanistan thus far, it’s inconsistent progress, and the present trend, this outcome seems unlikely.

Assuming another military victory over the Taliban could be achieved, the Afghan government would still need to establish control over a territory that few central governments have ever been able to control since modern Afghanistan was founded around 1747. Afghan expert Thomas Barfield argues that attempts to extend control over the whole of Afghanistan like other modern states do is a fundamental flaw in U.S. strategy and is simply not possible in a country like Afghanistan. Instead, Barfield has suggested a “Swiss cheese” model should be used. That is, control the vital areas (the population centers) that can be controlled and ignore the areas that cannot. Unfortunately, this isn’t even a realistic model for Afghanistan today, since the holes in government control would undoubtedly be used as safe-havens for any number of armed anti-government and anti-U.S. groups operating in the country. Such a strategy can only work if sustainable and enforceable treaties can be negotiated with the various armed groups.

An Afghan farmer works in a poppy field on the outskirts of Jalalabad, the capital city of Nangarhar province. (Noorullah Shirzada/AFP/Getty)

Furthermore, even if the government were able to reestablish control over all its territory, the government has a myriad of high-grade issues that significantly inhibit the its ability to exercise and maintain control and authority over said territory. Corruptioninhibits the government’s ability to deliver goods and services. Opium continues to flourish in Afghanistan and fund numerous individuals and organizations beyond the control of the central government, criminal and otherwise. Afghanistan’s relationship with its neighbors is complicated, and contributes to the instability. Afghanistan is also plagued by a persistently weak economy that is unlikely to improve to a sufficient level to contribute to stability or even pay the government's bills without foreign aid.

This path to victory also hopes the Afghan government can be encouraged to reform; it cannot. For many non-trivial reasons, it is unreasonable to expect the Afghan government to make the necessary reforms, even if pressured by the U.S. or the international community. Several scholarly articles attempt to explain this phenomenon. Generally speaking, it is clear the interests of the Afghan government will always diverge from those of the U.S. government. Afghan officials will be more interested in crushing coup attempts before they happen or paying off their political rivals; reforming government agencies, especially in the security sector, is more likely to encourage coups and embolden their enemies. No one should hope for government reforms as the path to peace in Afghanistan.

In sum, this vision of victory is unrealistic. Too many variables are too unlikely to be achieved for any reasonable person to think that all of them can be achieved, and at a reasonable cost.

CAN THE TALIBAN BE BEATEN (AGAIN) MILITARILY?

Taliban defeat on the battlefield is given special consideration here. Some might assume victory over the Taliban today should be as easy as it was in 2001. However, the posture and disposition of the Taliban today is very different than it was in 2001. They have been contesting and controlling territory, and that territory could be retaken if subjected to an effort similar to the one in 2001. However, their underground networks and sanctuary support are much more robust than they were. When pushed back from their territory in 2001, it took the Taliban about five years to build the infrastructure of insurgency and push back into Afghanistan. Today, the Taliban wouldn’t skip a beat if denied their territory.

Therefore, all of the issues mentioned in the above section would have to be remedied before the highest possible version of victory could be achieved, and this assumed the Taliban could be defeated anew, which also doesn’t seem likely. A series of unlikely conditions are necessary to sustainably defeat the Taliban. First, total cooperation with Pakistan, who would need to establish control over their own western provinces where these groups are currently afforded safe-haven, would be necessary. Second, Afghanistan would need a robust and functioning security apparatus, which it doesn’t have. Emphasis has been placed on building the Afghan military, but militaries are better at taking and holding territory than they are at defeating insurgencies, which is only step one in a campaign against the Taliban. Furthermore, evidence suggests that terrorist groups are mostly defeated by police and intelligence forces of local governments, not militaries.[1]

An Afghan soldier during an anti-Taliban operation in eastern Kunar provice. (AFP/BBC)

There is a surprisingly positive trend in the use of Afghan police and intelligence forces to pressure and dismantle the Taliban. Increases in Afghan National Army regular forces have essentially flat-lined. On the other hand, the Afghan government plans to increase the number of special forces commandos exponentially, as shown in the chart below.[2]Commandos have the tools and training to effectively go after non-state actors like the Taliban, but there are still significant barriers to defeating the Taliban via these means. First, the feasibility and effectiveness of doubling the size of commando forces isn’t certain. New recruits are drawn from conventional forces, so current special forces capabilities wouldn’t necessarily be reduced. However, whether they’re able to effectively train, equip, and support such a large force remains to be seen. Second, the Taliban would still be able to launch attacks from Pakistan; Afghanistan would still need to improve policing capabilities; and social and economic conditions would need to improve so unemployed youth couldn’t be convinced or paid to carry out attacks for the Taliban.

Furthermore, it is unlikely that the vast increase in commando power will go unnoticed by successive governments. As explained above, corrupt governments tend to weaken their military to hedge against coups.

WHAT DOES A MITIGATED SUCCESS LOOK LIKE?

With a long list of limitations preventing more ambitious victories, it is important to consider what lesser forms of success might look like and whether they are worth pursuing. A mitigated success would at least contain but not defeat the Taliban and focus on areas of higher strategic value, disregarding areas of lesser strategic value (as in the Barfield Strategy). This version of victory would even allow the Taliban to rule certain areas, or establish a power-sharing agreement in those areas not vital to the Government of Afghanistan. Such an approach could achieve core U.S. national interests at lower costs. For example, this would eliminate Afghanistan as a terrorist safe haven, and if Afghanistan were to revert to a safe haven in the future, the circumstance could be addressed more easily in these circumstances. Furthermore, with no powerful armed group opposing it, the Afghan government would be much less likely to collapse and potentially destabilize Pakistan, which is important for keeping nuclear weapons from proliferating into non-state hands.

Warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar returned to Kabul on May 4 after signing a peace deal with the Afghan government. (Reuters/Parwiz)

This strategy would solve one of the weaknesses in Barfield’s strategy by establishing peace with armed groups in exchange for control of their local areas, but how likely is it these armed groups will successfully reintegrate into the legitimate political process? Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, leader of the violent political party Hezb-i-Islami, recently attempted this exact transition. There are also reasons to believe some within the Taliban organization are at least willing to consider what is being offered in negotiations. This is perhaps why the members of ISIS in Afghanistan are mostly disaffected Taliban members. There is no way to know for sure why the former Taliban members defected, but several factors indicate that a willingness to negotiate for peace was important.

IF THE TALIBAN ARE TO BE INTEGRATED INTO THE POLITICAL PROCESS, BOTH THEY AND THE AFGHAN PEOPLE WILL NEED TO FIND A PATH TO RECONCILIATION.

The Taliban have attempted negotiations several times since 2001. Taliban leader Mullah Omar died in April of 2013, but top commanders kept it a secret. Writing under Mullah Omar’s name, these top commanders struck a conciliatory tone, advocating for an inclusive Islamic government in Afghanistan. In October 2014, five to six top commanders of the Taliban defected and subsequently pledged loyalty to ISIS. Predictably, the Taliban command claimed they were expelled from the group. Nine months later, the Taliban called for peace talks again. Therefore it seems reasonable that some attribute the rise of ISIS in Afghanistan to disgruntled former Taliban hardliners, and a willingness to negotiate is a likely source of these sentiments.

As is clear by the many failed attempts by the Taliban to negotiate peace, there are limitations to the feasibility of this move for many of the violent groups that forms its ranks. Consider some analogous circumstances. The most powerful violent insurgency group in Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), recently negotiated a peace deal with the government. Successfully transitioning to peace will be difficult, as many Colombians are still scarred from the violence they carried. Similarly, the Basque Homeland and Liberty (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna or ETA) separatist in Spain is attempting the same move, and the legacy of their violence is also an issue. Likewise, many Afghans remember the part Hekmatyar took in the shelling of Kabul during the civil war following the withdrawal of Soviet forces. Many Afghans will not soon forget the pain suffered at the hands of the various violent groups that fall under the aegis of the Taliban.

If the Taliban are to be integrated into the political process, both they and the Afghan people will need to find a path to reconciliation. It is theoretically possible to achieve a deal without this reconciliation, but whatever peace is achieved without it may be tenuous at best. Again, analogy might be useful. Rwanda is engaging in a justice and reconciliation process to deal with the legacies of their genocide. South Africa set up the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to deal with the legacies of apartheid. Alternatively, Indonesia has set up no such commission or process, and their resultant peace has been much more tenuous and fragile.

It is also important to consider domestic opinion in the U.S., where the divergence between its interest and that of Afghanistan is perhaps clearest. Even if the Government of Afghanistan could reconcile with the Taliban, precarious as this would be given the support the U.S. must provide to sustain it, any negotiated settlement would be hugely unpopular domestically. Many would see it as surrendering to the enemy, leaving open a cynical but clear political opportunity. The unpopularity of working with the Taliban was on full display when the Obama Administration announced a prisoner swap with the Taliban that retrieved captured U.S. Army Sergeant Bowe Bergdahl. It is unlikely current or future U.S. presidents will be willing to expend the political capital necessary to make a negotiated settlement with the Taliban possible, especially considering the uncertainty of success.

IS A MITIGATED FAILURE WORTH CONSIDERING?

Considering all of the limitations of the above strategic alternatives, it should be considered what a mitigated failure would look like. A mitigated failure would probably include some or all of the following outcomes. First, traditionally Pashtun lands would be conceded to the Taliban, and the central government would maintain a tenuous control over other territories. The Taliban are strongest in Pashtun regions, but they have shown an ability to reach beyond these areas. Regions under strong Taliban control would be relatively peaceful, but fighting would remain intense in disputed areas. Pakistan would be keen to avoid this, much like the Turks wanting to resist an independent Kurdish state.

Pakistan’s position in Afghanistan has always been to maintain as much influence over their neighbor as possible. Prior to 9/11, the intelligence and military establishment in Pakistan had established close ties with Mullah Omar and the Taliban. However, Pakistan post 9/11 has been forced to align reluctantly against the Taliban. The Taliban now has bases of operation in Pakistan and it is not certain that a peaceful relationship could be established if they gain some control in Afghanistan at the expense of the government. The possibility of the Taliban gaining power in Afghanistan and looking for more influence east of the Durand Line is too great a risk.

WHAT DOES ABJECT FAILURE LOOK LIKE, AND HOW IS IT AVOIDED?

That leaves one final possibility: abject failure. This could happen if the international community loses patience with Afghanistan and cuts its losses, like the Trump Administration is perhaps considering. This certainly wouldn’t be the first time Afghanistan has been cut loose; there has been a pattern of countless such abandonments throughout history, like the Soviet withdrawal in 1989. Importantly, though, the international community has always decided to return. Afghanistan’s strategic importance to the rest of the world is significant, and modern forms of terrorism have compounded the effects of this strategic importance. This significance is evident in the many times that multiple empires have attempted to conquer it. Afghanistan is at the crossroads of the Middle East, Southern Asia, and Central Asia, and it continues to be a vital transit area for land-based commerce and gas and oil pipelines. There is no doubt that cutting strategic losses today might result in a strategic need to return a few decades, or even a few years, later.

CONCLUSION

Previous attempts to define victory in Afghanistan, and therefore advocate a strategy, have often considered various types of victory in isolation. However, the ideal end state for Afghanistan should be considered relative to the alternatives. A total victory is ideal, but needs to solve numerous enormous problems resulting from seemingly endless systemic conflicts. It would also require the greatest degree of political will sustained over the long-term. Furthermore, it is unlikely that the Taliban can be beaten militarily like they were in 2001. The government of Afghanistan and its allies could regain lost territory, but it is already a robust insurgency and terrorist organization; and these types of movements are rarely defeated militarily. Abject failure would be cost efficient in the short-term, but the resultant problems would increase costs over the long-term and would undermine U.S. national interests. A mitigated failure would likely have all the negative costs of abject failure, but with greater U.S. losses on the path to failure. Ultimately, total victory is ideal but highly unlikely. Abject and mitigated failures have long-term costs and endanger U.S. national interests. This leaves us with mitigated success and a negotiated settlement with the Taliban as the most prudent option.

A negotiated settlement would come with high political costs to whichever U.S. president decided to pursue it. However, these political costs would be lower than those required for a total victory. Furthermore, negotiations have mostly failed because there is no concerted effort or strategy to achieve it, just periodic opportunism. There’s no doubt this strategy would be highly unpopular and downright offensive to many Americans––especially veterans of the war. However, the question shouldn’t only be about its popularity; it should also be about its feasibility to bring about the end of America’s longest war.

The path of least resistance in Afghanistan is to contain the Taliban over the long-term. This starts with a continued focus on the building of commando and police capacity while reducing resources for the conventional Afghan National Army, because the Taliban are the problem rather than external invasion. The maintenance of a strategic alliance with the government of Afghanistan to deter foreign military interventions will allow the central government to focus on internal state building and reconciliation. The encouragement of smaller insurgent groups to negotiate transitions into the political process will enable reconciliation. Finally, seeking avenues to allow for a negotiated settlement with the Taliban, and integration into the political process if necessary, are critical.

The other victories mentioned above are certainly possible, but not at acceptable costs. A total victory––while appealing––would require extensive resources, in both blood and treasure, expended over an indeterminate amount of time. In 2012, a majority of Americans wanted to speed up the pace of the 2014 withdrawal. When the war started in 2001, about 90% of Americans said starting the war was not a mistake. Today, that number has decreased by about 40 points. No politician will have the political capital to commit the resources to a total victory. Other types of victories are more ideal and would be more popular, and despite the sentiment against the option, a negotiated settlement is not only more likely to happen in our lifetime, it’s also the most feasible outcome for success.

Adam Wunische is a U.S. Army veteran who has deployed twice to Afghanistan. He is also a PhD student at Boston College and a contributing analyst at Wikistrat


          Big Day        
Our local library was offering a special treat today as part of the summer reading program, and I contacted those of my kids who live within driving distance with elementary age kids to see if they might like to come down for the "Texas A&M Chemistry Travelling Road Show", in which a wildly dressed (and hilarious) PhD from Texas A&M's Chemistry department, makes science FUN for an audience of kids who have never heard of Mr. Wizard.

We actually had seen the show LAST year in anoth...
          Double take: How does education affect politics in Africa?        

Most attempts to understand how education affects politics miss the point, argues Dan Hodkinson. To understand the link between the two, we need to look again at student experience. Dan is a PhD candidate at the Oxford Department of International Development, at the University of Oxford. Recent studies of youth have focused on how young people […]

The post Double take: How does education affect politics in Africa? appeared first on Democracy in Africa.


          PhD Comics Downloader | Python Script to Download Piled Higher and Deeper Comics        
Written by Pranshu Bajpai |  | LinkedIn

PhD Comics, by Jorge Cham, provide a funny (but accurate) glimpse into the life of a graduate student. Being a graduate student myself, I have always enjoyed reading this comic.

At some point, I decided to read a bunch of these comic during my travel when I wouldn't be able to access the Internet. Since this is an online comic, this was a problem. I wrote a small python scraping script that is able to visit different pages on the phdcomics website, locate the comic GIFs, and download them on local disk for reading later on.

Usage: python downloadphdcomics.py

Download: Githubhttps://github.com/lifeofpentester/phdcomics


Note that the start comic number and end comic number is hard coded in the script as '1' and '1699' respectively. You can modify the script in any text editor to download a different range of comics.

You can store all of these GIFs in a ZIP file and change the extension from ZIP to CBR. Then, you can use any CBR reader to read these comics.


In case you are interested in reading the code, here it is:


#!/usr/bin/python

"""The PhD Comics Downloader"""
"""
This code fetches PhD comics from www.phdcomics.com
and saves to '/root/'

Written by: Pranshu
bajpai [dot] pranshu [at] gmail [dot] com

"""


from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
from urllib import urlretrieve
import urllib2
import re

for i in range(1, 1699):

url = "http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive.php?comicid=%d" %i
html = urllib2.urlopen(url)
content = html.read()
soup = BeautifulSoup(content)

for image in soup.find_all('img', src=re.compile('http://www.phdcomics.com/comics/archive/' + 'phd.*gif$')):
print "[+] Fetched Comic " + "%d" %i + ": " + image["src"]
outfile = "/root/" + "%d" %i + ".gif"
urlretrieve(image["src"], outfile)



          Sammus - "Qualified (ft. Open Mike Eagle and Arch Thompson)" [Hip-Hop]        
Qualified (ft. Open Mike Eagle and Arch Thompson)

- "Qualified (ft. Open Mike Eagle and Arch Thompson)" music video by Sammus
- Added on 10-08-2017
- Genre : Hip-Hop
- Description : Sammus - Qualified (feat. Open Mike Eagle and Arch Thompson) (Official Video) - - From the Sammus record "Pieces In Space" on Don Giovanni Records - - http://www.sammusmusic.com/ - https://www.facebook.com/sammusmusic/ - - - - - Enongo Lumumba-Kasongo (born March 20, 1986), known as Sammus, often stylized as S?MMUS, is an American underground rapper, former teacher, PhD student and record producer. - - SAMMUS is an upstate New York-based rap artist, producer, and PhD student at Cornell University with Congolese and Ivorian family roots. Her production is characterized by her use of uniquely chopped samples, and video game-like synths. Labeled the "rap Aisha Tyler" by MTV Iggy for her intelligent lyrics, Sammus has built a following within the underground hip hop scene and has become one of the faces of black female geeks within the growing nerdcore hip hop movement. - - Since signing on with NuBlack Music Group Sammus has opened for such well respected artists as Raekwon, Open Mike Eagle, Random (Mega Ran), Louis Logic, Listener, Charles Hamilton, Awkwafina, Juiceboxxx, Turquoise Jeep, and Milo of the Hellfyre Club among others. Music that she has produced and been featured on has been showcased on such online publications as Hip Hop DX, XXLmag.com (alongside Random, Donwill and Homeboy Sandman), Women of Hip Hop, Egotripland, OkayAfrica, OkayPlayer, DJ Booth, Joystiq, Destructoid, Afropunk, and Société Perrier. Both of her albums,"PRIME" (2013) and "M'other Brain,"(2012) became bestsellers on Bandcamp within a week of their respective releases. The same can be said for "Nocturnal Cantata," her collaborative Castlevania EP with fellow MC Mega Ran, which charted on Soundscan in June 2013. On October 20th, 2013 she performed at Nerdapalooza in Orlando, Florida, one of MTV Iggy's top 10 best fall music festivals, and that same week was named MTV Iggy's "Artist of the Week." - - Finally as an academic-in-training and very vocal feminist, Sammus has worked tirelessly to highlight the ever-growing presence and power of female producers. This past summer she wrote an article entitled "Beatmakers with Boobs" critiquing mainstream feminism as it relates to issues of race and hip-hop that was featured on feminist blogs. As her Metroid-inspired name reflects, it is her hope that listeners and future fans will be pleasantly surprised by the contrast between the artist society says she should be and the activist and artist she actually is. - -
- Tags : 2017, 10s, Sammus


          Lasting impressions        

My wing at IITB - The Outlaws. The name painted on the wall and the Name-room no.s on left are no longer there.
L-to-R: Me, Dasa, Jha saab, Mamu, Rizvi & Saras

This year it'll be four years since I graduated from IIT Bombay. Time flies. I realized this when I visited the campus back, couple of days back when I was visiting Mumbai to board the flight to London. It was great to have old friends, Nandu & DRS, with me. Torrents of memories rushed back, overwhelming me. Things have changed there, but not much, thankfully.

Bikes are obviously banned inside the campus now and I'm sure people aren't missing them much. I spent my entire 4 years without a bike (I once bought an old bicycle from an auction, but I used that very sparsly during her brief stay of about 2 months in my company) and if anything, it makes you enjoy the long walks. My department's (Comp. Sc & Engg.) old building is now abandoned, due to bad design. It was definitely "different", it boasted of design such that no two walls in the entire building were parallel. I'm sure not what exactly was the problem, but even during our times it had developed couple of cracks. Anyway, the department has now moved to the soulless KReSIT building. They have improved the tennis court; new ones look very sleek and posh, quite an improvement over the old ones. I saw some new shops in the Gulmohar building too.

What made me most happy was the visit to my old room. Hostel 9, room 224. I spent about two and a half years in that room. And it hadn't changed much.

H9-224. Home.
The murals are still preserved by the current resident

The hostel was almost the same too, barring the mess which was Hafeez-Contractor-ized after renovation; but I'm sure even Hafeez can't do much about the "mess" they serve in there! There was a swanky billboard outside the hostel, welcoming people to "Hostel Nine - Pluto." Neat.

Coming back to room, I gathered my guts and knocked the door. The room now belongs to a PhD candidate; I was shocked when he commented - "Oh! So you came to check out the old room. May be the old graffiti." And there it was! My wall. THE wall. Amazing sight! During my days in the room, I had made couple of figures on the wall. I was totally touched watching them still there. The same Popeye & Flintstone smiling back. The present resident told me that he loved them there and made sure that when they paint the walls they don't paint over them. Thank you my friend! Though they painted over the wing's name (Outlaws), but atleast the room still has my impressions.
          Spring 2017 tech reading        
Hello and a belated happy new year to you! Here's another big list of articles I thought was worth sharing. As always thanks to the authors who wrote these articles and to the people who shared them on Twitter/HackerNews/etc.

Distributed systems (and even plain systems)

Tuning

SQL lateral view

Docker and containers

Science and math

Golang

Java streams and reactive systems

Java Lambdas

Just Java

General and/or fun

Until next time!

          Attacking dissent at Google        
An anonymous Googler is providing evidence at Gab that various employees at Google are openly attacking James Damore, the author of the document dissenting from the SJW diversity doctrine there, and actively lobbying the executives to fire him, despite the fact that more than one-third of Googlers surveyed tend to agree with his dissent.
Paul and Sitaram are managers. Colm is a director with 101 full-time employees in his organization. Dave is a director with 242 full-time employees in his organization. These posts are from the internal version of the Google+ social network, which is limited to Googlers only.

Dozens of managers emailed their teams to smear the document's author for raising his concerns in the paper. Subsequently, the author received all manner of hate mail and threats from thousands of other employees. It was a coordinated mob attack and numerous managers were deliberately stoking the flames in order to punish him.

The pie charts show that a large share of Googlers agreed with James' points on an anonymous survey.  Hence the grave importance of maintaining control over the Narrative.
Google Leak #1
Google Leak #2
Google Leak #3
Google Leak #4
Google Leak #5
Google Leak #6
Google Leak #7

If anyone is going to be fired as a result of this, it should not be James Damore, who has a PhD in Biology from Harvard and therefore is unlikely to be opining in ignorance, but rather, the SJW co-workers who are demonstrating their complete lack of corporate professionalism. Nor is Damore alone in his rather mild criticism of the SJW excesses there. As always, the SJWs overestimate their strength, even in one of their most influential strongholds.

It should be mentioned, however, that at least up to this point, Google's response has been reasonable. The VP of Diversity has issued a statement that the organization stands by its insane SJW principles, which is a surprise to no one, but has also observed that "fostering a culture in which those with alternative views, including different political views, feel safe sharing their opinions". On the other hand, the caveat "that discourse needs to work alongside the principles of equal employment found in our Code of Conduct, policies, and anti-discrimination laws" does provide cover for anti-free speech action.

So, we'll see if Google wants to roll the dice by going full SJW while under fire from European governments and anti-trust scrutiny from the Trump administration. The smartest thing for them to do would be to do nothing, as they are not responsible for the personal or professional opinions of their employees, but their internal SJWs may not make that possible given the sheer number of them Google has collected.



UPDATE: More evidence that this is Best Timeline.

Julian Assange@JulianAssange
Identity politics 2.0 wars come to Google. Oh no. But mass spying is fine since its equal opportunity predation.


UPDATE: Welcome, Yes-At-Googlers

Welcome to the home of the Evil Legion of Evil.

I, Vox Day, the Supreme Dark Lord of said ELoE, am your humble host. Benvenuti. You need not worry about your physical safety being at risk, the Vile Faceless Minions are chained in their kennels, and muzzled, and have been provided sufficient SJW bones upon which to chew.

Let me assure you that as the bestselling author of SJWs Always Lie, I am perfectly aware that you have been lied to by your fellow Googlers about me and this site. This is not a site that incites harassment, quite to the contrary, as an American Indian who is regularly attacked and misraced and misrepresented and lied about, I am often a victim of SJW harassment.

Since I have been receiving death threats from your kind since 2001, when I first became a political columnist, you will forgive me if I am less than entirely impressed with your preening and posturing. And before you attempt to engage in the usual toothless social justice rhetoric, you may wish to keep in mind that I literally wrote the book on the subject.

As you were belatedly informed, your newsletter, of course, does not endorse the content here, so let this welcome serve as your trigger warning that here you will encounter people who:

  • do not agree with you
  • are actually more intelligent than you
  • are better-educated than you
  • and frankly find you to be tediously predictable and rendered functionally stupid, if not delusional, by your foolish social justice convergence.

But if you are polite and civil, I expect the Dread Ilk will treat you in a similarly polite and civil manner. And if you choose otherwise, well, as our guests, we are happy to permit you to establish the rules of engagement.

In certain confidence of the ultimate victory of the Legion, I am,

VD,
SDL
ELoE
          School welcomes successful NSF GROW grant recipient Kathleen Lask        
Welcome to Kathleen Lask, a PhD candidate visiting from the University of California Berkeley. Kathleen was awarded an NSF Graduate Research Opportunities Worldwide (GROW) grant to collaborate with the University of Adelaide. The NSF GROW grant aims to expand opportunities for fellows to enhance professional development through research collaborations at top-calibre science and engineering research [...]
          Mechanical Engineering PhD student wins highly competitive Endeavour Scholarship        
Congratulations to our current PhD student, Michael Evans who has recently been awarded a highly competitive Endeavour scholarship. Michael will be working with Professor Matthias Ihme at Stanford University for 6 months modifying/using reacting LES models towards his current project in understanding flame stabilisation mechanisms and operating limits for next-generation gas turbines. Emissions reduction and increasing [...]
          â€œBalzac and Fashion: The Question of Realism”        
Join PAL for a talk by 1997 Duke Literature PhD alum, Sara Danius, Permanent Secretary, Swedish Academy, Stockholm. When:  Tuesday, April 4, 2017 Time:  5:00 p.m. Where:  Jameson Gallery, Friedl Building (East Campus) Reception at 4:30pm. Learn more about Sara Danius and the Nobel Prize in Literature
          â€œHow to get the Nobel Prize in Literature”        
Join PAL for a talk by 1997 Duke Literature PhD alum, Sara Danius, Permanent Secretary, Swedish Academy, Stockholm. When:  Wednesday, April 5, 2017 Time:  5:30 p.m. Where:  Nasher Museum Learn more about Sara Danius and the Nobel Prize in Literature
          Salla Peltonen Is Back!        
Salla Peltonen has returned to Duke for the spring semester of 2017. She is  a Phd student at the department of Gender Studies, at Åbo Akademi University in Finland. Currently she is writing her dissertation on critique and epistemic habits in feminist theory, focusing on questions of epistemology, language and ethics. Her research interests include…
          Does the Chinese Government Fund PhD Dissertation in Christian Theology???        

           Prevalence, pathogenicity and control of avian intestinal spirochaetosis in Australia         
Stephens, Carol Pauline (2008) Prevalence, pathogenicity and control of avian intestinal spirochaetosis in Australia. PhD thesis, Murdoch University.
          By: Tips for coping with writing up a PhD « LibroEditing proofreading, editing, writing        
[...] out your referencing. I have a post on this for you to read. Whatever you [...]
          Harta Untuk Michael        

SATU – Anak Papa Aotearoa

DI satu masa, di sebuah daerah perkampungan ghetto di pinggir kota ada seorang anak kecil lelaki bernama Michael. Michael ada empat orang adik beradik seibu. Dia bersekolah rendah di kampungnya, sebuah sekolah serba kekurangan yang di klasifikasikan sebagai sekolah ‘Decile 1’ oleh jabatan pelajaran negeri. Kadang kadang Michael pergi sekolah, kadang tidak, kerana dia perlu menolong ibunya menjaga adik adiknya sementara ibunya keluar rumah. Ibu Michael tidak bekerja, dia seorang solo mother. Kerajaan negeri memberi bantuan sara hidup sekadar cukup untuk makan dan sewa rumah. Michael tidak kenal siapa bapanya. Malah ibunya pun tidak tahu. Dari adik beradiknya, kakaknya yang sulung tahu siapa bapanya, seorang pemain ragbi yang kini tinggal di Gold Coast.

 Ibu Michael, Marama tidak pernah berkahwin. Masa mudanya Marama seorang yang cantik, punya bentuk badan yang menggiurkan pada lelaki. Marama tidak punya kebolehan lain yang boleh menjamin masa depan. Dan dia pun tidak pernah memikirkan tentang masa depan, yang penting adalah masa kini, keseronokan, keindahan dan ‘kuasa’nya keatas lelaki lelaki yang mengidamkan dirinya. Seluruh usahanya semasa muda ditumpukan untuk menarik perhatian lelaki yang paling ganteng, tampan dan berjaya. Maka lelaki lelaki ganteng dan tampan itu pun meraikan Marama dengan wang, kekayaan dan kesenangan. Sehinggalah Marama termengandung. Entah mengapa pada masa itu dia sangat cinta pada pemain ragbi itu. Dan bila saja Marama memberi tahunya yang dia mengandung, ahli sukan ragbi itu pun terus menghilangkan diri, pergi ke negeri lain untuk bermain dengan kelab yang lebih ulung. Untunglah zaman ini dengan adanya internet dan google. Maka bila kakak sulung Michael bertanya siapa bapanya, Marama boleh menuliskan namanya dengan betul.

Lain pula pada Michael, ibunya tidak tahu, dia tidak boleh menjawab bila ditanya. Selepas kelahiran kakaknya, ibunya sudah tidak boleh keluar berpoya poya seperti dulu. Masa dia mengandung Marama terpaksa bertungkus lumus bekerja di sebuah pasaraya untuk menanggung dirinya dan mengumpul duit untuk keperluan bayinya yang akan lahir. Kemudian bila dia sudah jadi ibu, dia sudah layak mendapat bantuan kerajaan sebagai solo mum. Duit yang sekadar cukup untuk sewa rumah dan makanan asas. Kalau dia perlukan lebih dia perlu berusaha. Bila sudah ada anak kecil, tambahan pula dengan kekangan kewangan, masa dan tiada kelulusan yang boleh diperagakan tiadalah kerjaya yang boleh didapati selain memperagakan diri. Dari situlah hasilnya Michael, juga adik adiknya yang lain hasil hubungan ibunya dengan lelaki lelaki yang kasihan pada nasib mereka.

Kesimpulannya, keturunan zuriat golongan ini mengikut rumusan Darwin “The Theory of Natural Selection of Species”. Biar pun begitu, semua makhluk Tuhan di mukabumi ini punya hak untuk hidup, menikmati keindahan dan limpah kurniaNya. Punya hak untuk sesuap roti dan seteguk susu, juga rumah untuk berlindung dari sejuk dan hujan. Tidak kira samada makhluk itu manusia, burung ataupun ulat didalam batu. Telah Allah sediakan untuk mereka rezeki dan tempat tinggal selama masih ada nyawa mereka.


DUA – Anak Emas Semenanjung

Fuad bin Hassan seorang yang terpelajar. Dia ada isteri dan dua orang anak. Anak anaknya cerdas dan pandai. Isterinya sedang menghabiskan thesis untuk PhD dalam bidang mikrobiologi. Mereka datang keAotearoa dengan biasiswa pemerintah negeri Semenanjung. Dahulu isterinya mengajar di universiti di Semenanjung, sementara Fuad menjalankan perniagaannya sendiri dalam bidang IT.  Ayah Fuad seorang pegawai tinggi di negeri Semenanjung, pengarah satu jabatan kerajaan, layak mendapat elaun itu dan ini. Mereka punya dua buah rumah di Bukit Damansara, daerah mewah di kota Lumpur. Puluhan tahun dulu, di awal kemerdekaan Semenanjung, nenda Fuad, Tuan Haji Husin adalah seorang ulama pejuang kemerdekaan yang disegani masyarakat. 
Sudah lima tahun Fuad menetap di kota Gempa. Sementara isterinya berusaha menghabiskan thesis di makmal unversiti, dan anak anaknya bersekolah, Fuad bekerja sepenuh masa di sebuah kilang di kawasan industri di pinggir kota.  Gajinya sebagai pekerja kilang setelah di tolak cukai ialah 450 dolar seminggu. Selain dari itu pemerintah negeri member bantuan untuk subsidi sewa rumah sebanyak 100 dolar, juga bantuan sara hidup untuk dua orang anaknya sebanyak 95 dolar seminggu.  Jadi pendapatan mingguannya 645 seminggu. Dia perlu membayar sewa rumah 350 dolar seminggu. Sementara itu gaji bulanan isterinya semasa bekerja di universiti Semenanjung masih berjalan. Sebenarnya dia tidak perlukan bantuan sara hidup untuk anak anaknya yang 95 dolar itu, tapi di ambil juga sebab dia layak menerimanya, lalu di simpannya dalam akaun ASB anak anaknya. Untuk masa depan anak anaknya, katanya. Sekarang, setelah lima tahun, angka dalam akaun itu sudah mencecah dua puluh ribu. Gaji isterinya dari university yang masih berjalan itu di gunakan untuk membayar rumah dan kereta mereka di Semenanjung. Sementara biasiswa dari kerajaan semenanjung pula digunakan untuk sara hidup tambahan selain gajinya. Fuad tidak pernah memberitahu Jabatan Hasil Negeri Aotearoa bahawa dia menerima biasiswa dan juga gaji university. Sudah pasti dia tidak layak menerima bantuan subsidi sewa rumah dan juga sara hidup anak anak jika hal ini di ketahui Jabatan Hasil Negeri  Aotearoa.

TIGA

Dari Surah AlKahfi
Satu masa di zaman yang lampau, Nabi Musa dan Nabi Khidr sampai di sebuah perkampungan. Mereka dapati orang orang kampung di situ kedekut dan tidak mahu melayang mereka. Secebis makanan pun tidak diberi bila mereka minta. Apalagi bila mereka mahu menumpang bermalam. Di kampung itu mereka menemui sebuah tembok yang condong hampir runtuh. Lalu Nabi Khidr pun membina semula tembok itu, membetulkan semula seperti sediakala. Nabi Musa pelik, kenapa mereka perlu membina tembok itu, sedangkan penduduk kampung itu kedekut dan sombong, dan tidak memberi  mereka makanan, sedangkan mereka penat dan lapar. Lalu Nabi Musa pun bertanya akan hal itu kepada Nabi Khidr.
“Bukankah sudah aku katakana, kau tidak punya kesabaran.” Jawab Nabi Khidr.
Disaat perpisahan, Nabi Khidr menerangkan kepada Nabi Musa bahawa di bawah tembok itu ada harta yang di simpan oleh ayah kepada dua orang anak yatim yang tinggal di rumah itu. Jika tembok itu runtuh, maka harta itu akan terdedah. Ayah kepada anak anak yatim itu adalah seorang yang saleh, dan bila anak anak yatim itu sudah besar, mereka akan mendapat harta itu sebagai Rahmat dari Tuhan dan menggunakannya kearah kebaikan.
Begitu Tuhan menjaga hak anak anak yatim dan miskin. Besarkan keburukan dan dosa pada sesiapa yang memakan hak dan harta anak anak yatim dan miskin.

Kisah Khalifah Umar AlKhattab
Satu masa dizaman pemerintahan Khalifah Umar AlKhattab. Seorang ibu miskin, suaminya mati syahid dalam satu peperangan. Mereka hidup miskin, tiada suami yang menanggung mereka anak beranak; solo mother. Anak anak menangis kelaparan, lalu si ibu menjerang air dan memasukkan beberapa biji batu kedalam periuk.  Buat menghiburkan anak anak, biar mereka tertidur menunggu makanan masak dalam periuk, sedangkan sebenarnya tiada makanan dalam periuk, hanya batu. Ibu itu merintih, andainya suaminya masih hidup, tidaklah keadaan jadi sebegitu buruk. Akan di tuntut nanti di hari pengadilan di Padang Mahsyar nanti pada Khalifah Umar, pemerintah negeri. Kebetulan Khalifah Umar selalu keluar malam hari, mengintip keadaan sebenar rakyatnya, lalu mendengar rintihan ibu tunggal itu. Khalifah Umar lalu pulang ke Baitul Mal, gudang simpanan harta kerajaan negeri masa itu. Lalu di pikulnya sendiri seguni gandum, dan dihantarkannya sendiri kerumah ibu tunggal itu. Apabila hamba Umar meminta untuk memikul guni gandum itu, Umar menjawab, “Bukan kau yang akan dibawa kepengadilan nanti, tapi Umar”.

Tiadalah bezanya antara harta pemerintah Aotearoa dan cara pembahagian hak untuk golongan miskin dan kurang upaya dengan mana mana pemerintahan berteras Islami. Pemerintahan Aotearoa mendapat hasil dari cukai dan jualan asset lalu di gunakan untuk belanja pemerintahan negeri, pertahanan, pendidikan dan sara hidup golongan miskin dan kurang upaya yang berhak mendapat bantuan kerajaan. Maka apabila golongan kaya, walaupun layak, mengambil harta dari hasil cukai, maka berkuranglah budget untuk golongan yang benar benar layak dan memerlukan, seperti Michael.
Apalah bezanya orang kaya yang mengambil bantuan sara hidup kerajaan Aotearoa itu dengan golongan yang memakan harta anak yatim.


          Namun dalam Kristen, Yesus menjamin dengan pasti!        

Kesaksian Dan Kisah Nyata Islam Masuk Kristen : “ Kesaksian Yusuf Roni Mantan Ulama Islam Masuk Kristen ”:  Namun dalam Kristen, Yesus menjamin dengan pasti!


Kesaksian Yusuf Roni

(ISLAM MASUK KRISTEN)

Ini adalah kesaksian Yusuf. Roni dari Palembang (dikutip tanpa ijin penulis). Ini saya tujukan terutama untuk rakan-rakan seiman. Ayat-ayat tidak saya tuliskan, agar tulisan ini lebih enak dibaca. Ayat-ayat Alkitab saya kutip dalam tanda kutip. 

Kesaksian Y. Roni (Palembang).

Sejak kecil saya dididik oleh keluarga dalam agama Islam yang sudah menjadi agama turun temurun bagi keluarga "KEMAS" di Palembang. Saya sebagai anak tunggal yang dididik dan dimiliki oleh seluruh keluarga, dalam arti saya dididik oleh orang tua saya, juga oleh kakek saya dan juga oleh paman-paman saya turut bertanggung jawab mengarahkan saya, demikianlah sistem ke-keluargaan kami, yang saya kenal dan alami sejak kecil. Jadi apabila ada keputusan yang akan diambil mengenai diri saya, maka orang tua saya tidak berhak mutlak, sebab harus dimusyawarahkan terlebih dahulu oleh keluarga besar seperti yang saya katakan diatas.

Yang dominan mendidik saya adalah kakek saya, karena itu sering saya disebut anak kakek (note: kakeknya adalah keturunan langsung dari Daeng Ario Wongso, anak Tumenggung Nogowongso, cucu pangeran Fatahillah, totalnya 10 keturunan dari Pangeran Fatahillah ke kakeknya). Karena saya kagum dengan kakek yang wibawa dan kharismanya sangat besar ditengah-tengah keluarga kami, dan dalam masyarakat Islam Palembang!Sejak kecilpun saya sudah cenderung mempelajari agama Islam dan melaksanakan syariat-syariat agama dengan baik sampai saya dewasa tetap konsisten. 

Sebab rotanlah bagian saya ketika kecil apabila saya malas dalam melaksanakan ibadat. Demikian kerasnya keluarga saya mendidik saya dalam agama Islam, sehingga saya bertumbuh menjadi penganut yang fanatik dalam agama Islam!

Setelah keluarga kami pindah ke Bandung, maka saya dimasukkan ke Pesantren YPI (Yayasan Pesantren Islam) .Jln. Muhammad 16 Bandung yang dipimpin oleh Bapak K.H. Udung Abdurahman.
 
Saya aktif dalam organisasi muda Islam yaitu sebagai: 

(1)   Ketua Umum SEPMI (Serikat Pelajar Muslimin Indonesia) cabang Bandung.
(2)   Ketua I SEPMI Wilayah Jawa-Barat.
(3)   Ketua Lembaga Da'wah SEPMI Pusat
(4)   Ketua Seksi Pendidikan PSII (Partai Syarikat Islam Indonesia ) Cabang Bandung.
(5)   Ketua Seksi Pemuda PSII Kabupaten Bandung
(6)   Ketua seksi Dawah dan Pers Pemuda Muslimin Indonesia WIlayah Jawa Barat.
(7)   Anggota GUSII (Gerakan Ulama Syarikat Islam Indonesia) wilayah Jawa Barat.
(8)   Salah satu anggota pimpinan DPHD (Dewan Pimpinan Harian Daerah) KAPPI. 

“Saya aktif dengan gigih memperjoangkan ideologi islam dalam kesempatan apapun, termasuk membendung perkembangan agama Kristen di Jawa Barat”

Namun saya tidak pernah mendapat kepuasan rohani, dan hidup saya selalu gelisah karena rohani saya tidak mendapat ketenangan, bahkan diliputi tanda tanya tentang "Kepastian Keselamatan".
 
Dalam situasi inilah saya terpikat dengan Yesus Kristus yang memberikan keselamatan yang pasti sehingga sekarang saya mendapat "Damai Sejahtera" dari Tuhan dan sekarang ada ketenangan rohani sejak saya terima Yesus sebagai Juru Selamat.

Mengapa saya tertarik pada Kristen?
 
Saya merasa perlu menjelaskan sebab-sebab saya tertarik kepada Kristen. Apa sebabnya Kristen itu, demikian menarik, dan apa daya tariknya, sehingga saya rela melepaskan agama Islam yang saya anut sejak dari turun temurun, dan pindah ke agama Kristen.

Hal ini bukanlah karena daya tarik materi, atau bujukan-bujukan pendeta atau orang-orang Kristen, sebagaimana sering diduga oleh sementara orang atau pihak orang luar bahwa orang-orang pindah ke agama Kristen, disebabkan bujukan-bujukan materi. Dalam kesempatan ini saya ingin menjelaskan bahwa pandangan-pandangan seperti ini sungguh sangat keliru!

Yang benar, ialah karena "Panggilan dari Tuhan Yesus", secara pribadi pada tiap-tiap orang yang dikehendaki-Nya. Sedangkan saya secara pribadi sangat terpikat dengan "Kepastian Keselamatan" yang diberikan oleh Yesus Kristus dalam ajaran-ajaran-Nya yang tertera di dalam Al Kitab.
 
Secara terperinci saya uraikan sebagai berikut: 

A. Pertobatan dari Dosa: 

(A) Soal Dosa: 

Dosa yang menyerang dan melekat pada manusia tanpa terkecuali, tiada satu manusiapun yang terluput dari dosa. Dan dosa dari dahulu sampai sekarang tetap sama. Apa itu dosa sehingga memberatkan manusia?

(1) Asalnya Dosa. 

Sejak Adam dan Hawa jatuh dalam bujukan Iblis, maka manusia telah hilang segala kemulian Allah yang ada padanya. Adam dan Hawa jatuh di dalam dosa karena melanggar perintah Allah.
"Adapun ular ialah yang paling cerdik dari segala binatang di darat yang dijadikan oleh Tuhan ALLAH. Ular itu berkata kepada perempuan itu: "Tentulah Allah berfirman: Semua pohon dalam taman ini jangan kamu makan buah nya bukan?..." "lalu sahut perempuan itu kepada ular itu: "Buah phon-pohonan dalam taman ini boleh kami makan, tetapi tentang buah pohon yang ada ditengah-tengah taman, Allah berfirman: Jangan kamu makan ataupun raba buah itu, nanti kamu mati" "Tetapi ular itu berkata kepada perempuan itu: "Sekali-kali kamu tidak akan mati, tetapi ALLAH mengetahui, bahwa pada waktu kamu memakannya matamu akan terbuka dan kamu akan menjadi seperti Allah tahu tentang yang baik dan yang jahat." 

"Perempuan itu melihat bahwa buah pohon itu baik untuk dimakan dan sedap kelihatannya, lagi pula pohon itu menarik hati karena memberi pengertian. Lalu ia mengambil dari buahnya dan dimakannya dan diberikannya juga kepada suaminya yang bersama-sama dengan dia dan suaminya memakannya" "Maka itulah dosa manusia yang pertama dan akibatnya besar lagi hebat dan hukumannya segera datang. Sebab Adam dan Hawa telah memperoleh sifat-sifat yang suci dari Allah maka dosa itu datangnya dari luar mereka.
Asalnya dari Iblis dengan perantaraan ular. 

Dengan Adam dan Hawa jatuh ke dalam dosa, maka segala sifat-sifat yang suci dari Allah itu telah hilang, karena itu mereka mendapatkan dirinya telanjang, setelah melanggar perintah Allah dengan memakan buah larangan tersebut. 

(2) Dosa Warisan 

Semua orang telah lahir di dalam dosa, maksudnya manusia itu cenderung atau mempunyai tabiat-tabiat dosa, atau karakter dosa, inilah maksud dosa warisan. 

Dulu saya menyangka bahwa dosa warisan itu adalah dosa turunan dengan pengertian; dosa bapak kita, kitalah yang menanggungnya, atau dosa kita, anak kitalah yang menanggungnya. Bukan ini maksudnya dosa warisan! Maksud dosa warisan ialah kecenderungan manusia berbuat dosa atau pengaruh dosa itu telah mempengaruhi hidup manusia turun temurun, tabiat-tabiat dosa melekat pada manusai antara lain; menentang kepada Allah, berontak kepada segala perintah-perintah-Nya, itulah sifat-sifat manusia. Buktinya dosa bohong, sejak kecil tidak ada yang mengajari bohong, namun manusia sudah pandai berbohong. Siapakah manusia yang tidak pernah berbohong?
 
Itulah pengaruh dosa yang melekat pada manusia sejak Adam dan Hawa jatuh ke dalam dosa, dan pengaruh itu terus diwarisi oleh manusia turun temurun. Dan manusia tidak bisa keluar dari dosa ini dengan segala ikhtiar dan usahanya sendiri. 

Contohnya:
 
Orang yang jatuh ke dalam lumpur, makin dia berusaha sendiri, makin orang itu masuk lumpur lebih dalam, itulah sebabnya manusia yang berusaha sendiri, terkecuali ada orang lain yang menolongnya di luar lumpur itu, barulah dia dapat keluar dari dalam lumpur itu. Orang yang dapat menolong kita keluar dari lumpur dosa ialah satu-satunya, Yesus Kristus!
 
·         "Sebab semua orang telah berdosa! "Tidak ada yang benar, seorangpun tidak."
·         "Sesungguhnya, di bumi tidak ada orang yang saleh: yang berbuat baik dan tak pernah berbuat dosa!" 



(3) Hakekat dosa: 

Dosa harus ditanggung oleh manusia-manusia harus menanggung segala kesalahaan-kesalahannya. "Sungguh, semua jiwa Aku punya! Baik jiwa ayah maupun jiwa anak Aku punya! Dan orang yang berbuat dosa, itu yang harus mati!" Karena itu manusia berusaha akan menghapus dosanya dengan berbagai cara, namun sia-sia, sebab pasti manusia itu jatuh lagi, jatuh lagi, dan tidak luput dari dosanya. Hakekat dosa terletak di dalam hati manusia, bila hatinya busuk, dia lebih berdosa dari apa yang bisa dilihat oleh manusia secar lahiriah. Dan saya sependapat juga dengan pengajaran Ki Agen Suryomentaram, bahwa segala sesuatu kebaikan atau kejahatan terletak pada hati manusia! 

Hanya Yesus Kristus yang dapat menyucikan manusia dari segala dosanya!. "Dan darah Yesus, Anak-Nya itu, menyucikan kita dari pada segala dosa" "Tetapi supaya kamu tahu, bahwa di dunia ini Anak Manusia berkuasa mengampuni dosa".
 
Sebab itu manusia hidupnya tidak ada damai, disana-sini terjadi kekacauan karena dosa. Manusia berkeinginan berbuat baik namun tidak pernah terlaksana, disebabkan dorongan hawa nafsu lebih menguasainya. Keinginan daging lebih menguasai manusia, daripada keinginan Roh Kebenaran.
"Karena keinginan daging adalah maut, tetapi keinginan Roh adalah hidup dan damai sejahtera." Sebab perbuatan dosa itulah keinginan daging, nafsu manusia yang melekat pada tabiat manusia. Keinginan daging, kata-kata Yunaninya Sarx, maksudnya keinginan hawa nafsu manusia yang tidak dapat dilepaskan oleh manusia itu! "Perbuatan daging telah nyata, yaitu: percabulan, kecemaran, hawa nafsu, penyembahan berhala, sihir, perseturuan, perselisihan, irihati, amarah, kepentingan diri sendiri, percideraan, roh pemecah, kedengkian, kemabukan, pesta pora dan sebagainya." Itulah hakekat dosa yang tidak bisa dihindar oleh manusia, dan apa akibatnya.
 
"Sebab upah dosa ialah maut" .

Dosa inilah menjadi pemikiran dalam kehidupan manusia, juga dalam kehidupan saya yang ingin mencari kebenaran, dan ternyata hanya dalam Yesus saja ada jalan keluar dari lingkaran dosa!
 
(B) Soal pertobatan: 

Bertobat adalah bukan hanya kesediaan manusia, tapi juga karya Allah. Jadi kesediaan manusia dan kehendak Allah harus berpadu menjadi satu. Bertobat adalah ajakan Allah kepada kita. 

"Waktunya telah genap; Kerajaaan ALLAH sudah dekat, bertobatlah dan percayalah kepada Injil!".... dan tawaran Allah harus disambut oleh manusia "Sebab itu, seperti yang dikatakan Roh Kudus: "Pada hari ini jika kamu mendengar suaraNya, janganlah keraskan hatimu seperti dalam kegeraman."
 
Sebab Allah datang buat orang-orang berdosa.
 
"Aku datang bukan untuk memanggil orang benar, tetapi orang berdosa, supaya mereka bertobat." Saya merasa orang berdosa yang amat sangat, hidup saya dulu penuh dengan kemunafikan, kenajisan dan kekotoran. Biarpun orang memandang secara lahiriah saya beragama dengan baik, namun hati saya busuk dan kotor, karena pengaruh dosa yang sudah melekat pada manusia. Saya telah berulang kali, berusaha sekuat tenaga untuk hidup berbuat baik, namun hati saya gelisah, tiada damai, karena itu saya tertarik kepada Tuhan Yesus yang dapat menebus dosa saya dengan pasti,seperti firman-Nya. 

"Sekalipun dosamu merah seperti kirmizi, akan menjadi putih seperti salju; sekalipun berwarna merah seperti kain kesumba, akan menjadi putih seperti bulu domba." Setelah saya menerima Yesus dalam hati, dan bertobat pada-Nya, maka hati saya ada damai, karena kepastian yang sepasti-pastinya dosa saya diampuni-Nya, dan saya menjadi orang yang berbahagia, "Berbahagialah orang yang diampuni pelanggaran-pelanggarannya dan ditutupi dosa-dosanya; berbahagialah manusia yang kesalahannya tidak diperhitungkan Tuhan kepadanya." Itulah saya merasa tertarik pada Yesus, yang begitu menjamin bahwa dosa saya sudah dihapuskan dengan pasti. Dan saya merasa tidak ada lagi yang dapat menjamin begitu pasti selain Dia ialah Yesus Kristus! 

(B) KEPASTIAN KESELAMATAN (HIDUP YANG KEKAL)
 
Terus terang saya katakan bahwa sebelum saya masuk Kristen, diri saya selalu diperhadapkan oleh pertanyaan yang timbul dalam hati saya: 'Pastikah saya masuk sorga?' Sebab tidak ada kepastian yang menjamin bahwa 'pasti selamat' dan bila mati kelak 'Pasti masuk sorga'. Semua hanya mengira-ngira saja, bila berbuat ini dan beramal itu, maka kelak mudah-mudahan masuk sorga. Atau sorga itu, soal bagaimana nanti masuk sorga seperti dapat lotere saja!
Namun dalam Kristen, Yesus menjamin dengan pasti!
 
"Supaya setiap orang yang percaya kepada-Nya tidak binasa melainkan beroleh hidup kekal." Yesus datang ke dunia menawarkan keselamatan yang pasti bagi manusia, sebab apa? Dia-lah Juru Selamat umat manusia. Dialah Juruselamat Dunia.
 
(1) Juru Selamat: 

Yesus Kristus, dari namaNya saja sudah menandakan Dia sebagai 'Juru Selamat' (Pelepas). Yesus dari bahasa Ibrani "Jusa", Isa dari bahasa Arab 'Ja'su' berarti Pelepas atau Juru Selamat.
Sang Juru Selamat ini sudah dijanjikan sejak ketika manusia jatuh di dalam dosa. "Aku akan mengadakan permusuhan antara engkau dan perempuan ini, antara keturunanmu dan keturunannya" (Kejadian) Benih perempuan yang menjadi musuh si ular adalah Yesus. Bahwa benih perempuan itulah yang akan mengalahkan Iblis dan menyelamatkan manusia dari dosa, dari hukuman Allah. Karena itu kelahiran Yesus ke dunia ini adalah kelahiran Sang Juru Selamat. "Hari ini telah lahir bagimu Juru Selamat, yaitu Kristus, Tuhan di kota Daud" (Lukas) 

Dan Juru Selamat ini telah dijanjikan ALLAH sejak dahulu kala dan hanya Dialah yang dapat menyelamatkan!. "Aku, AKU-lah Tuhan dan tidak ada juruselamat selain dari padaKu"(Yesaya).
"Tetapi Aku adalah TUHAN, Allahmu sejak di tanah Mesir; engkau tidak mengenal Allah kecuali Aku, dan tidak ada juru selamat selain dari Aku." (Hosea) 

Benar! hanya Tuhan saja yang datang menjadi Anak Manusia sebagai juru Selamat manusia. Sebab manusia sesama manusia tidak bisa menyelamatkan, bahkan justru sering terjadi sebaliknya, seperti kata pepatah mengatakan: 'Homo Homini Lupus' . Manusia yang satu akan menjadi serigala terhadap manusia lainnya.' Karena itulah Yesus-lah Juru selamat dunia. "Kami percaya, tetapi bukan lagi karena apa yang kau katakan, sebab kami sendiri telah mendengar DIA dan kami tahu, bahwa DIA-lah benar-benar Juru Selamat dunia." "Dan kami telah melihat dan bersaksi bahwa Bapa telah mengutus Anak-Nya menjadi Juru Selamat dunia."
Dan Yesus-lah Juru Selamat untuk semua manusia, inilah tawaran-Nya, tidak terbatas siapa saja yang mau percaya, dan juga Dia tidak memaksa. Kenapa saya begitu tertarik dan yakin bahkan haqqul yakin pada Juru Selamat adalah Yesus, saya illustrasikan sebagai berikut: 

·         "Seandainya ada orang yang mengajak dan menawarkan saya pergi ke negeri Amerika Serikat. Orang yang mengajak ini secara pribadi tidak diragukan kejujuran nya dan kesetiaannya dan kebaikannya buat mengantar saya ke Amerika Serikat, namun sayang pengantar itu sendiri belum pernah ke Amerika. Tapi sekarang Presiden AS Jimmy Carter menawarkan kepada saya untuk berkunjung ke Amerika. Saya pribadi akan memilih tawaran Presiden Jimmy Carter, sebab beliau orang Amerika, tahu seluk beluk Amerika, dan berkuasa di sana, jelas tidak akan kesasar lagi, pasti saya sampai di Amerika dengan pasti. Begitu juga ke sorga, saya menerima tawaran Yesus, dan pasti ke sorga! kenapa? Sebab Yesus datang dari sorga, Pemilik sorga, dengan sendirinya barang siapa menerima ajakan-Nya pasti sampai ke sorga! 

(2) Keselamatan: 

Keselamatan yang ditawarkan Yesus Kristus adalah keselamatan yang pasti, sesuai dengan janji-Nya. "AKU-lah Pintu; barangsiapa masuk melalui Aku (Yesus), ia akan selamat dan ia akan masuk dan keluar menemukan padang rumput." "Percayalah kepada Tuhan Yesus Kristus dan engkau akan selamat, engkau dan seisi rumahmu." Dan sekarang janji-Nya itu ada pada firman-Nya yang disebut Injil, dan Injil itu adalah berita keselamatan, Injil itu adalah kekuatan Allah yang menyelamatkan, "Sebab aku (Paulus) mempunyai keyakinan yang kokok dalam Injil, karena Injil adalah kekuatan Allah yang menyelamatkan setiap orang yang percaya, pertama-tama orang Yahudi, tetapi juga orang Yunani." Hanya Yesus-lah yang dapat menjamin memberikan keselamatan yang pasti. "Dan keselamatan tidak ada di dalam siapapun juga selain di dalam Dia, sebab di bawah kolong langit ini tidak ada nama lain yang diberikan kepada manusaia yang oleh-Nya kita dapat diselamatkan." 

·         Keselamatan yang pasti inilah membuat saya tertawan pada Yesus Kristus, dan saya seperti mendapat permata berlian yang tiada ternilai, sebab percumalah hidup di dunia ini senang, tanpa jaminan keselamatan yang pasti. 

Dan setelah saya beroleh keselamatan yang pasti ini maka hidup saya mendapat ketenangan, kedamaian. Hilang semua kekuatiran dan kegelisahan saya yang dahulu, apakah saya pasti masuk sorga atau tidak. Tapi sekarang dengan segala jaminan yang diberikan oleh Yesus, maka saya pasti bersama-sama Dia di Sorga bila saya dipanggil-Nya kelak. 

C. KELAHIRAN BARU : 

Tentang ajaran mengenai "kelahiran baru", barulah dalam Injil saya dapati pelajaran ini, sejak dulu belum pernah saya mendengar dan ketahui. Rupanya ajaran tentang kelahiran baru, adalah kunci dari kehidupan iman Kristen! Pantas saja! dahulu saya berkeinginan hidup selalu suci, hidup dalam kebaikan, tapi nyatanya tidak bisa, disebabkan tabiat dosa itu menguasai hidup saya. Tapi hidup dalam Kristus, kita menjadi "hidup baru", karena kita harus dilahirkan kembali. 

"Yesus menjawab, katanya: "Aku berkata kepadamu, sesungguhnya jika seorang tidak dilahirkan kembali, ia tidak dapat melihat Kerajaan Allah." Dilahirkan kembali, berarti dilahirkan oleh air dan Roh.
"Jawab Yesus "Aku berkata kepadamu, sesungguhnya jika seorang tidak dilahirkan dari air dan Roh, ia tidak dapat masuk ke dalam Kerajaan Allah." Maksudnya adalah air baptisan dan pengurapan Roh Kudus! 

(1) Baptisan:
Ialah sebagai materai, atau sebagai simbol bahwa seseorang sudah menjadi kristen karena percaya kepada Allah, dalam Kristus. "Jadikanlah semua bangsa murid-Ku dan baptislah mereka dalam nama Bapa dan Anak dan Roh Kudus." 

Air Baptisan itu hanya simbol saja, tapi baptisan itu sendiri berarti menanggalkan cara hidup kita yang lama, mematikan "ego" atau "aku" kita dan hidup yang baru di dalam Kristus, hidup di dalam penguasaan Rohul Kudus, karena itu baptisan bukan dengan air saja tapi dengan kuat kuasa Rohul Kudus. 

(2) Hidup di dalam Roh: 

Hidup yang lama adalah hidup di dalam kedagingan, "Perbuatan daging telah nyata, yaitu: percabulan, kecemaran, hawa nafsu, penyembahan berhala, sihir, perseturuan, perselisihan, irihati, amarah, kepentingan diri sendiri, percideraaan, roh pemecah, kedengkian, kemabukan, pesta pora dan sebagainya."
Sedangkan hidup yang baru adalah hidup di dalam penguasaan Rohul Kudus, dan hidup itu berbuahkan Roh yaitu, "Tetapi buah Roh ialah: Kasih, sukacita, damai sejahtera, kesabaran, kemurahan, kebaikan, kesetiaan, kelemahlembutan, penguasaan diri: Tidak ada hukum yang menentang hal-hal itu."
"Barangsiapa menjadi milik Kristus Yesus, ia telah menyalibkan daging dengan segala hawa nafsu dan keinginannya, jikalau kita hidup oleh Roh, baiklah kita juga dipimpin oleh Roh."
Berarti yang menguasai hidup baru bukan lagi "ego" atau "aku"nya, tetapi Roh Allah itu bertahta di dalam hati, di dalam seluruh kehidupan, hidupnya sehari-hari. 

Sehingga yang menguasai hidupnya bukan "aku"nya lagi, tapi Kristus, sebab "aku"nya sudah turut disalibkan, mati, ketika Kristus disalibkan, dan sekarang yang hidup adalah Kristus.
"supaya aku hidup untuk ALLAH. Aku telah disalibkan dengan Kristus; namun aku hidup, tetapi bukan lagi aku sendiri yang hidup, melainkan Kristus yang hidup didalam aku. Dan hidupku yang kuhidupi sekarang di dalam daging, adalah hidup oleh iman dalam Anak Allah yang telah mengasihi aku dan menyerahkan dirinya untuk aku." 

Dan hidup baru, berarti ada perubahan di dalam Kristus, perubahan itu ada yang sekaligus, dan ada yang bertahap, dan itu adalah pekerjaan Roh Allah, misteri Ilahi.
Sedikit saya bersaksi tentang kelahiran baru ini, yang saya alami secara pribadi; ketika saya bertobat dan dibaptis, saya belum lahir baru secara total, yaitu "ego" saya masih menguasai hidup saya. Baru di dalam tahanan saya merasa ada perubahan yang total oleh Rohul Kudus, lahir baru 100 prosen. Sehingga Jusuf Roni yang lama telah mati, tapi sekarang yang hidup adalah Kristus. 

"Karena itu matikanlah dalam dirimu segala sesuatu yang duniawi". "dan telah mengenakan manusia baru yang terus menerus diperbaharui untuk memperoleh pengetahuan yang benar menurut gambar Khaliknya". Itulah hikmahnya selama saya di dalam tahanan. Penjara itu secara rohani saya anggap sekolah Tuhan buat mendidik saya, tapi bukan berarti secara hukum saya mentolelir penahanan yang berlarut-larut boleh dibiarkan! 

·         Dan juga salah-lah pendapat bahwa dengan menahan saya berlarut-larut bisa mengubah iman Kristen saya, karena iman percaya itu datangnya dari Tuhan, maka justru iman Kristen saya bertambah-tambah! (note: di dalam penjara dan dalam penderitaan yang sulit inilah, Jusuf Roni pernah merasakan dirinya benar-benar dibawa pergi ke atas dan bertemu dengan Juru Selamat kita Yesus Kristus. Ia diperlihatkan Sorga yang indah itu oleh Tuhan Yesus, sebenarnya ia tidak ingin kembali, namun Yesus menyuruh dia kembali untuk menjadi saksi-Nya.) 

"Sebab itu kami tidak tawar hati, tetapi meskipun manusia lahiriah kami semakin merosot, namun manusia batiniah kami dibaharui dari sehari ke sehari." Perkara kelahiran baru ini adalah perkara rohani, hendaknya dengan mata rohani pula barulah kita dapat mengertinya, dan berbahagialah orang-orang yang mata rohaninya dicelikkan oleh Tuhan. 

"Tetapi manusia rohani menilai segala sesuatu, tetapi ia sendiri tidak dinilai oleh orang lain. Sebab: "Siapakah yang mengetahui pikiran Tuhan, sehingga ia dapat menasihati Dia?" Tetapi kami memiliki pikiran Kristus." 

D. KASIH: 

Ajaran tentang Kasih di dalam agama Kristen adalah menempati pusat pemberitaan dalam firman Allah.!
"Demikianlah tinggal ketiga hal ini, yaitu iman, pengharapan dan kasih, dan yang paling besar diantaranya ialah kasih." 

Sebab karena Kasih Allah juga, maka manusia beroleh keselamatan, hidup yang kekal, oleh sebab itu manifestasi iman Kristen adalah di dalam mengasihi sesama manusia. "Sebab bagi orang-orang yang ada di dalam Kristus Yesus hal bersunat atau tidak bersunat tidak mempunyai sesuatu arti, hanya iman yang bekerja oleh kasih" "Saudara-saudara, memang kamu telah dipanggil untuk merdeka. Tetapi janganlah kamu mempergunakan itu sebagai kesempatan untuk kehidupan dalam dosa, melainkan layanilah seorang akan yang lain oleh Kasih". Karena kasih Allah itu terlebih dahulu, maka yang percaya beroleh keselamatan. 

"Karena begitu besar kasih Allah akan dunia itu, sehingga Ia telah mengaruniakan Anak-Nya yang tunggal, supaya setiap orang yang percaya kepada-Nya tidak binasa, melainkan beroleh hidup yang kekal."
Kasih Allah itu tidak terbatas, dan sangat besar, dan karena Allah terlebih dahulu mengasihi kita, maka kita baru dapat mengasihi dan mempunyai kasih, "Kita mengasihi, karena Allah lebih dahuli mengasihi kita" Karena itu kewajiban sebagai orang Kristen untuk memanifestasikan kasih Allah itu di dalam sikap hidupnya sehari-hari. Oleh sebab itu ap
          Interview with Hormazd Narielwalla        






q)Please tell us your name and where you practice.

a)) My name is Hormazd Narielwalla and I practice in London, UK.

q) Why do you make art?

a) I make art because it allows me to channel my energy into a physical form. I find the process of making an artwork stimulating and calming besides the most important thing is that it becomes a language for me to express my feelings at that moment of time.

q) How do you work ?

a) I am lucky to have my own studio where I practice. It is based in the London College of Fashion. My principle material is the tailoring pattern that I acquire from bespoke Savile Row tailors Dege & Skinner - these I use depending on the size of my canvas. The methodologies I use in creating an artwork depends on what the final outcome would be. So for instance when it is a collage illustration - I worked digitally or if it's a physical artwork like Dead Man's Patterns skull then it would be a more hands on method. I also use photography, screen printing, hand and Vector drawings in my work. But they all compliment and balance the tailoring pattern, which is the principle component in my artwork.

q) What´s your background?

a) I am trained as a fashion designer. But I don't make clothes. I make art!

q) What role does the artist have in society?

a) the artist is the rebel, the creator and the philosopher

q) What was a seminal experience for you ?

a) finding out that in Savile Row the tailor discards the pattern after the customer dies. My conversation with William Skinner, Managing Director of Dege & Skinner about it ignited a feeling in me that I could create a visual voice to tell their tailoring stories.

q) Has your practice changed over time ?

a)Any practice keeps evolving. I started working only with digital versions of the pattern - now I have started viewing them as physical objects in themselves and I see myself cut, copy, paste more often...

q) What art do you most identify with ?

a)Abstraction art - Matisse and Picasso specifically

q) What´s your strongest memory of your childhood ?

a)Being taken to the Zoo and hating it.

q) What themes do you pursue ?

a)The 2 strongest themes in my work are the body and clothing, I guess you could say that patterns are the link between the two.

q) Describe a real life experience that inspired you.

a) going to the Picasso retrospective at the National Gallery, London.

q) What´s your most embarrassing moment ?

a)In an art context not knowing who Gilbert & George are when discussing with my tutor. I love what they do and how they dress.

q) What jobs have you done other than being an artist ?

a)I worked as a stylist briefly, for an interior designer, and many part time jobs..

q) What responses have you had to your work ?

a)Critical but in a positive way. It took some time for people to get what I am doing.

q) What do you dislike about the artworld ?

a)At times artists are prostitutes.

q) What research do you do ?

a)My phd examines technical values of the pattern - my argument is that in dress history the pattern is a historical document - a file of knowledge and can be viewed as drawings in their own right, abstracted shapes of the human form.

q) What is your dream project?

a)To work with a Matador tailor in Madrid and create artworks inspired by the experience. To also be invited by the Royal Palace to create a portrait of Her Majesty The Queen

q) What´s the best piece of advice you have been given ?

a) Follow your instinct.

q) What couldn’t you do without?

a)My eyes

q) What makes you angry?

a) Stupidity

q) What is your worst quality?

a)I am overly critical of myself.

q) Dogs or Cats ?

a) Both, but cats at the moment.

q) Making art is a lot like being on lsd. Know what I mean ?

a) I have never had it - but my other euphoric experiences could be compared to creating an artwork where I am able to just let myself go.

q) What does “ copy” mean to you ?

a) there is nothing more amateur than being scared of being copied.

q) What´s your favorite cuss word ?

a) C"*T because it's offensive! I've used it once!


                  

Daun Sirsak vs Kemoterapi (Ribuan Kali Lebih Kuat)

Mengobati Kanker Serviks


sumber: Trubus Online

‘Selamat ya, sudah hamil.’ Yanti Sumiati bertubi-tubi menerima ucapan itu dari rekan kerja, tetangga, dan saudara pada Mei 2010. Perutnya membesar. Banyak orang menerka ia hamil 5 bulan. Hati Yanti justru remuk‑redam. Sebab, bukan janin dalam kandungan, tetapi kanker serviks yang merenggut nyawa seorang perempuan setiap 4 menit.

Yanti Sumiati mengetahui kanker serviks itu ketika ia memeriksakan diri di sebuah klinik di Warungbuncit, Kotamadya Jakarta Selatan. Bagian bawah perut sakit, ‘Seperti ditusuk-tusuk, nyeri sekali,’ kata perempuan kelahiran Bogor, Jawa Barat, 20 Agustus 1978 itu. Rasa sakit menjalar ke kaki kiri. Kondisi itulah yang mendorong Yanti bergegas ke dokter spesialis kandungan dan kebidanan, dr Slamet Zaeny SpOG, pada 6 Mei 2010.

Dokter yang memindai Yanti menggeleng-gelengkan kepala. ‘Lihat di monitor, kankernya sebesar kepala bayi,’ kata dr Slamet Zaeny SpOG seperti diulangi oleh Yanti. Kadar CA – indikator adanya sel kanker – 113,39 U/ml; normal, kurang dari 35 U/ml. Sambil berbaring, ia memandangi layar pemindai. Dokter menyarankan Yanti menjalani operasi. Namun, anak ke-3 dari 6 bersaudara itu memilih jalan lain. Sebab, sebelum pemeriksaan itu pada April 2008 ia menjalani operasi untuk mengatasi kista.

Namun, 2 tahun berselang ia terserang kanker serviks. Gejala munculnya kista sama persis dengan kanker serviks itu. Perempuan 32 tahun itu memilih pengobatan herbal. Ia mendatangi herbalis dan diberi 3 jenis herba dalam kapsul untuk sebulan. Sayang, Yanti yang membayar Rp9-juta tak mengetahui jenis tanaman obat yang ia konsumsi.

Batal operasi

Yanti disiplin mengonsumsi 3 kapsul herba itu 3 kali sehari. Namun, tanda-tanda kesembuhan tak kunjung muncul. Malahan perut kian membesar dan nafsu makan hilang. Warga Kelurahan Kebagusan, Kecamatan Pasarminggu, Jakarta Selatan, itu juga mengalami insomnia dan merasa serbasalah: miring ke kiri sel kanker yang membesar ikut ke kiri, ke kanan, turut ke kanan. Keadaan itu menyebabkan Yanti memutuskan untuk menjalani operasi pada 10 Agustus 2010.

Sehari sebelumnya, ia menemui kedua orangtuanya di Ciampea, Kabupaten Bogor. Ketika itulah Yanti berjumpa dengan tetangganya, pendiri Pusat Studi Biofarmaka Institut Pertanian Bogor, Prof Dr Ervizal AM Zuhud MS. Zuhud mempunyai informasi tentang khasiat daun sirsak dari beberapa hasil penelitian di mancanegara. Guru besar Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor itu menyarankan agar Yanti mengonsumsi daun sirsak. Keesokan harinya, Yanti membatalkan operasi dan merebus 10 lembar daun sirsak segar dalam 3 gelas air hingga mendidih.

Setelah rebusan dingin, ia meminumnya. Frekuensi 3 kali sehari masing-masing segelas. Istri Fery Firmansyah itu juga menyantap daging buah sirsak sekali sehari. Ia memotong 4 bagian buah berukuran sedang, bobot 6 – 7 ons. Sepotong buah Annona muricata cukup untuk sehari. Pada 24 Agustus 2010, ia kaget bukan kepalang ketika mudah menarik risleting dan mengancingkan celana. Semula bukan hal gampang untuk mengenakan celana akibat perut yang kian membesar. Ia benar-benar baru sadar bahwa perut mengempis.

Pagi itu ia mencoba tidur, tetapi perutnya tanpa gelambir seperti sebelumnya. Ia miring ke kiri dan ke kanan beberapa kali, tetapi tak ada gumpalan dalam perut yang mengikuti gerakan seperti sebelumnya. ‘Saya menangis karena saking senangnya,’ kata perempuan yang menikah pada 2007 itu. Sembuh? Begitulah dugaan Yanti. Sebulan berselang ia menemui dokter spesialis kandungan dan kebidanan. Hasil pemindaian menunjukkan tak ada lagi berjalan di serviks.

Menurut dokter sekaligus herbalis di Jakarta Timur, dr Willie Japaries MARS, hilangnya sel kanker dari serviks Yanti dapat melalui berbagai jalan seperti luruh bersama urine atau feses. Namun, menurut Yanti selama 14 hari konsumsi daun dan buah sirsak hingga perut mengempis, tak ada perubahan warna atau bentuk feses dan urine. Japaries mengatakan cara lain detoksifikasi adalah melalui keringat.

‘Pikiran saya lepas. Saya senang banget,’ katanya dengan wajah berbinar. Setelah perutnya mengempis, Yanti lahap setiap kali makan sehingga tubuh kian segar. Insomnia juga sirna sehingga kini ia bisa tidur nyenyak. Meski begitu hingga kini ia tetap mengonsumsi segelas rebusan daun sirsak sekali sehari.

10.000 kali

Perubahan kondisi perut yang semula seperti perempuan hamil lalu mengempis hanya dalam 2 pekan itu sangat cepat. Semula Zuhud memprediksi, perubahan itu baru tercapai setelah 3 bulan Yanti rutin mengonsumsi daun kerabat srikaya itu. Prediksi 90 hari itu berdasarkan informasi yang ia peroleh di internet.

Yanti Sumiati bukan satu-satunya yang merasakan khasiat daun anggota famili Annonaceae. Contoh lain, Sri Haryanto di Yogyakarta yang mengidap kanker prostat dan Yulisnawati (kanker payudara di Palembang, Sumatera Selatan).

Dokter juga menyarankan operasi pada Yulisnawati. Namun, ia lebih memilih mengonsumsi rebusan segelas daun sirsak 3 kali sehari. Dua bulan berselang, kondisi kesehatannya kian membaik. Yulisnawati belum mengecek ulang kondisi kanker. Pada kasus Haryanto, dokter tak menyarankan operasi karena usia pasien lanjut, 70 tahun. Haryanto yang juga herbalis itu mengonsumsi jus buah sirsak (baca: Sirsak Stop Kanker Prostat, halaman 18)

Selain ke-3 jenis kanker – serviks, payudara, dan prostat, daun sirsak juga terbukti secara ilmiah mengatasi antara lain kanker paru-paru, ginjal, pankreas, dan usus besar. Begitulah hasil riset peneliti di Sekolah Farmasi Purdue University, Indiana, Amerika Serikat, Jerry L McLaughlin. Peneliti yang memperoleh daun sirsak dari Garut, Jawa Barat, itu membuktikan bahwa daun Annona muricata manjur mengatasi 7 sel kanker. Daun sirsak yang selama ini terabaikan itu ternyata mujarab mengganyang sel kanker.

Ada apa di balik itu? Peneliti di Sekolah Ilmu dan Teknologi Hayati Institut Teknologi Bandung, Prof Soelaksono Sastrodihardjo PhD yang meriset daun sirsak bersama Jerry L McLaughlin menemukan senyawa aktif acetogenins. Mereka melakukan uji praklinis dengan memanfaatkan beragam sel kanker seperti sel kanker paru-paru dan pankreas. ‘Tujuan penelitian, mengembangkan ilmu pengobatan untuk mengatasi kanker,’ kata doktor Biologi alumnus Champaign Urbane University, Amerika Serikat, itu.

Acetogenins menghambat ATP kanker

‘Acetogenins menghambat ATP (adenosina trifosfat, red). ATP sumber energi di dalam tubuh. Sel kanker membutuhkan banyak energi sehingga membutuhkan banyak ATP,’ kata Sastrodihardjo. Acetogenins masuk dan menempel di reseptor dinding sel dan merusak ATP di dinding mitokondria. Dampaknya produksi energi di dalam sel kanker pun berhenti dan akhirnya sel kanker mati. Hebatnya acetogenins sangat selektif, hanya menyerang sel kanker yang memiliki kelebihan ATP. Senyawa itu tak menyerang sel-sel lain yang normal di dalam tubuh. ‘Acetogenins mengganggu peredaran sel kanker dengan cara mengurangi jumlah ATP. Hal ini yang membuat senyawa dalam daun sirsak dianggap selektif dan hanya memilih sel kanker untuk diserang,’ kata Sastrodihardjo.

Bukan hanya selektif, acetogenins juga dahsyat! The Journal of Natural Product membeberkan riset Rieser MJ, Fang XP, dan McLaughlin, peneliti di AgrEvo Research Center, Carolina Utara, Amerika Serikat, bahwa daun sirsak membunuh sel-sel kanker usus besar hingga 10.000 kali lebih kuat dibanding adriamycin dan kemoterapi.

Adriamycin yang mempunyai nama generik doxorubicin merupakan obat untuk mengatasi berbagai jenis kanker seperti leukemia, kanker prostat, kanker paru-paru, dan kanker pankreas. Sedangkan kemoterapi merupakan cara pengobatan kanker dengan jalan memasukkan zat atau obat yang mempunyai khasiat membunuh sel kanker.

Menurut peneliti di Cancer Chemoprevention Research Center Universitas Gadjah Mada (CCRC–UGM), Nur Qumara Fitriyah, riset McLaughlin menunjukkan dengan dosis kecil saja, daun sirsak efektif memberangus sel kanker. Berdasarkan riset McLaughlin ED50 ekstrak kasar daun sirsak < 20 µg/ml, sedangkan ED50 senyawa murni cuma < 4 µg/ml. Artinya dengan dosis rebusan 10 – 15 daun sirsak masih aman dikonsumsi.

Tren sirsak

Menurut Ervizal AM Zuhud penelitian sirsak sempat ditutupi-tutupi selama 10 tahun karena ‘mengancam’ kelangsungan hidup kemoterapi dan industri kimia. Apalagi harga sirsak murah. Hasil penelitian itu, ‘Baru tersebar setelah keluarga dari seorang peneliti mengidap kanker dan mempublikasikan di dunia maya,’ kata kepala Bagian Konservasi dan Keanekaragaman Tanaman, Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor, itu.

Berbagai lembaga riset di tanahair juga mulai menguak rahasia daun sirsak dan kerabatnya. Sekadar menyebut contoh, periset di Pusat Studi Biofarmaka IPB, Prof Dr Latifah K Darusman, hingga kini meriset komponen kimia yang dominan di daun sirsak. Sedangkan peneliti di Universitas Gadjah Mada, Prof Dr Sismindari, meriset khasiat biji dan daun srikaya yang kaya ribosome inactivating protein (RIP). ‘RIP mampu merusak sintesis protein pada sel yang sedang tumbuh sehingga mati,’ kata Sismindari.

Konsumsi daun sirsak bukan hanya untuk para pasien, tetapi juga baik bagi orang sehat. Menurut Ervizal AM Zuhud, kasiat daun sirsak bagi orang sehat, ‘Menambah kekebalan tubuh dan mencegah asam urat. Bagi pria, daun sirsak menambah jumlah dan memperkuat sperma.’ Di Indonesia kini para dokter dan herbalis meresepkan daun sirsak kepada para pasien. Ada yang meresepkan secara tunggal – hanya daun sirsak, tetapi ada pula yang meracik kombinasi daun sirsak dengan herbal lain seperti rimpang temuputih dan sambiloto. Mereka meresepkan daun sirsak antara lain untuk mengatasi beragam kanker.

Herbalis di Yogyakarta, Lina Mardiana meresepkan daun atau buah sirsak terutama sebagai pengganti kemoterapi pada pasien kanker. ‘Khasiat daun atau buah sirsak itu untuk mengeliminasi radikal bebas, mengeringkan sel kanker, menyembuhkan peradangan di dalam tubuh, dan terutama meningkatkan stamina pasien agar tubuh tidak lemah,’ kata Lina Mardiana. Para dokter dan herbalis seperti Valentina Indrajati di Bogor, Jawa Barat, memilih daun yang sedang – tak terlalu tua dan tak terlampau muda. Dari pucuk, kira-kira daun di baris ke-4 hingga ke-6.

Dari pucuk, kira-kira daun di baris ke-4 hingga ke-6.

Para herbalis meresepkan daun sirsak bukan melulu untuk mengatasi sel kanker. Herbalis di Gegerkalong, Kotamadya Bandung, Jawa Barat, H Sarah Kriswanty, misalnya, meresepkan daun sirsak untuk mengatasi bronkhitis dan kejang. Sedangkan Lina Mardiana meresepkan daun sirsak untuk pasien yang menderita peradangan, misalnya radang tenggorokan, usus, pencernaan, ambeien (baca: Sentosa Karena Graviola halaman 24).

Menurut dr Willie Japaries MARS yang juga meresepkan daun sirsak, daun Annona muricata bersifat netral sehingga sesuai untuk mengatasi beragam jenis kanker. Herbalis lain yang juga meresepkan daun sirsak antara lain dr Prapti Utami di Jakarta Selatan dan Maria Andjarwati (Kelapagading, Jakarta Utara. Para herbalis dan dokter itu sebagian besar meresepkan daun sirsak baru pada 2 – 4 tahun silam. Pada umumnya mereka tak meracik, tetapi pasien yang menyiapkan sendiri sejak pencarian daun hingga merebus.

Harap mafhum hingga saat ini di pasaran belum tersedia ekstraksi daun sirsak dalam kapsul seperti kapsul bermerek Graviola yang beredar di mancanegara. Oleh karena itu, mereka mempersiapkan sendiri. Pasien yang belum memiliki pohon biasanya membeli bibit sirsak. Dampaknya permintaan bibit juga meningkat. Produsen bibit buah-buahan di Pontianak, Kalimantan Barat, Simbul Haryadi mengatakan permintaan bibit sirsak pada September 2010 mencapai 400 bibit. Padahal, biasanya hanya 10 bibit per bulan. ‘Stok bibit di kebun sampai habis, sekarang saya sedang memperbanyak lagi,’ kata Haryadi.

Begitu juga permintaan di nurseri Tebuwulung milik Eddy Soesanto di Cijantung, Jakarta Timur, yang mencapai 600 – 700 bibit per bulan. Lonjakan permintaan signifikan itu terjadi dalam 4 bulan terakhir. Produsen bibit buah di Bogor, Jawa Barat, Syahril sama juga. Permintaan bibit durian belanda itu fantastis, sejak Agustus 2010 mencapai 3.000 – 5.000 tanaman per bulan; sebelumnya, 500 bibit per bulan. Harga bibit setinggi 40 – 50 cm di berbagai penangkar Rp20.000 – Rp30.000. Menurut para penangkar tingginya permintaan bibit sirsak berkaitan dengan pemanfaatan daun atau buah sebagai obat tradisional. Benar kata Yeni Sumarni yang juga mengonsumsi daun sirsak, ‘Obat kanker itu ternyata murah meriah, kita tak perlu mengeluarkan uang jutaan rupiah.’ (Sardi Duryatmo/Peliput: Endah Kurnia Wirawati, Lastioro Anmi Tambunan, & Tri Susanti)

Penawar Agar-agar

Agar-agar sebagai penawar

Pada hari pertama konsumsi rebusan daun sirsak, Yanti Sumiati tak merasakan perubahan berarti. Baru pada hari ke-2, ia berkeringat dingin. Bagian punggung panas sekali. Ia menggigil. Selain itu perut juga perih. ‘Rasanya saya ingin menyilet perut sendiri dan melihat bagian dalam ada apa sih?’ kata perempuan 32 tahun itu mengenang. Pada hari ke-3 konsumsi, kejadian itu terulang lagi. Punggungnya malah kian panas sehingga Yanti berendam diri di bak mandi untuk meredakannya.

Yulisnawati di Palembang, Sumatera Selatan, yang mengidap kanker payudara dan mengonsumsi daun sirsak mengalami hal sama. Ia merasakan panas dan nyeri di bagian payudara. Herbalis di Bogor, Jawa Barat, Valentina Indrajati (46 tahun), menemukan fakta serupa. Banyak pasiennya yang menghubungi Valentina pada hari ke-2 atau ke-3 pascakonsumsi daun sirsak. Mereka mengeluhkan panas dingin seperti keluhan Yanti. ‘Tapi tak semua pasien begitu, pada umumnya pasien-pasien kanker,’ kata herbalis yang meresepkan daun sirsak sejak 2006 itu. Pasien nonkanker tak menghadapi keluhan seperti itu.

Menurut pendiri Pusat Studi Biofarmaka Institut Pertanian Bogor, Prof Dr Ervizal AM Zuhud MS, tubuh panas dingin merupakan indikasi obat sedang bereaksi. Oleh karena itu ia menyarankan agar pasien meneruskan konsumsi daun sirsak. Pada hari ke-3 hingga kini, gejala seperti itu tak pernah muncul. Herbalis lain, Lina Mardiana juga mendapat laporan serupa dari para pasien. Untuk mengatasi hal itu, Mardiana menyarankan agar mereka merebus agar-agar hingga mendidih dan meminumnya ketika dingin. Panas dingin itu hanya berlangsung 2 hari. Pada hari-hari berikutnya pasien akan merasa nyaman. (Sardi Duryatmo)

sumber: Majalah Trubus Online


          Interview of Colin Bull by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Colin Bull by Brian Shoemaker Bull, Colin Dr. Bull was born in Birmingham, England, grew up in Herefordshire, and became a U.S. citizen in mid-1970s. When he was young, Dr. Bull read books regarding on Antarctic expeditions such as “South with Scott,” by Evans and “Mid-Ice” by Georgi on Wegener Greenland Expedition, which impressed him deeply. Dr. Bull attributes his interest in the polar regions to his association with Scott Expedition members – Fritz Loewe, Georgi and Sorge. Dr. Bull received his PhD at Birmingham University in Condensed Matter Physics in 1951. Dr. Bull went on his first polar expedition to Spitsbergen in 1951 under Sir Raymond Priestley’s patronage. He also volunteered for the British North Greenland Expedition led by Commander C. J. W. Simpson between 1952 and 1954. During this period, he, Mike Banks and Taffy Oakley attempted to measure the thickness of the ice by gravity in the areas of St. John’s Fjord in Prince Charles Foreland. They traversed North Greenland for their magnetic recording, and he calls it “the slowest traverse of Greenland on record.” When he came back to England, he lectured about the expedition and edited a book on the subject, which eventually became Venture to the Arctic, published by Penguin. A couple of books about the expedition were written by the members: North Ice by the leader Simpson and High Arctic by Mike Banks. He also went on the expedition to Norway to the Austerdalsbrae Glacier in 1955, and then 1958-1959, South Victoria Land, and 1960-1961, Sukkertoppen. In 1963-64, he went to Byrd Station and participated on the traverse out to the Whitmore Mountains. In 1956 he married. Shortly afterward, he departed for New Zealand in order to take a lecturer position at Wellington University. Upon his arrival, Dr. Bull organized the Victoria University of Wellington Antarctica Expedition. The members of the first New Zealand Antarctica expedition of 1958-1959 led by Dr. Bull included Peter Webb, Barrie McKelvey, and Dick Barwick. Their research was conducted in the Dry Valleys near McMurdo. Dr. Bull named the Wright Valley after Sir Charles Seymour Wright of the Scott Expedition. Bull Pass, the McKelvey Valley, Webb Glacier and the Barwick Valley were named by this expedition. While in New Zealand he made a concerted effort to take women researchers to Antarctica, but without success. Dr. Bull organized a follow-on expedition for the 1959-60 season that included a woman research member named Dawn Rodley. The U.S. Navy refused to fly her to the Dry Valleys, however. This was probably the first effort to include a woman researcher in a modern Antarctic Expedition. In March 1961 Dr. Bull took a position as visiting professor at the Institute of Polar Studies, The Ohio State University. The position became permanent and he worked at OSU for the following 25 years. He was Director of the Institute from 1965 to 1969. He then became Chairman of the Department of Geology, and then in 1972, he became Dean of Mathematics and Physical Sciences and served on many polar boards and study groups since that time. Dr. Bull helped write the proposal to the family of Richard E. Byrd in 1972 requesting that they archive his papers at Ohio State. He promised to change the name of the Institute of Polar Studies to the Byrd Polar Research Center if they did. The family accepted and BPRC is today an established national institution. Dr. Bull sponsored many scientific expeditions to the Antarctic and the Arctic during this period. He is especially proud that he sponsored 14 researchers for their doctorates and imported many other high quality researchers to Ohio State. In 1969 he sponsored the first female field expedition to the Antarctic led by Dr. Lois Jones and including Kay Lindsay, Eileen McSaveney and Terry Tickhill. He has been on most polar boards including the Polar Research board, and was also Chairman of the SCAR Working Group on Glaciology. He retired in 1986 moved to Bainbridge Island Washington where he is active in the polar tourist business and collecting and selling books from the Polar Regions. He has since made eight trips to Antarctica with tourist groups. Major Topics 1. British North Greenland Expedition led by Commander C. J. W. Simpson between 1952 and 1954 2. Wright Valley and Sukkertoppen Ice Cap 3. The first female field expedition to the Antarctic 4. SCAR (Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research) 5. INSTAAR 6. IAATO — International Association of Antarctic Tour Operators Key Individuals Mentioned 1. Frank Debenham, physiographer on Scott’s Last Expedition and first Director of the Scott Polar Research Institute, p.1 2. Herbert Ponting, photographer on Scott’s Last Expedition, p.2 3. Wilson, zoologist and artist on Scott’s Last Expedition, p.2 4. Stan Paterson, surveyor in Greenland, p.2 5. Hal Lister p.2, 15 6. Fritz Loewe, p.3, 4, 28, 29 7. Georgi, p.3, 4 8. Sorge, p.3, 4 9. Raymond Priestley, vice-chancellor of Birmingham University, p.5, 6, 19 10. Lancelot Fleming, p.8 11. Commander C. J. W. Simpson, p.8, 13 12. Taffy (Jack) Oakley, p.10 13. Roy Homard, went on Bunny Fuchs’s Transantarctic Expedition, p.11 14. Gillian Bull (Dr. Bull’s wife), p.14, 26, 27, 54 15. Bunny Fuchs, p.11. 14 16. Barrie McKelvey, p.15, 16 17. Peter Webb, p.15, 16 18. Dick Barwick, p.16, 20 19. Bob Nichols, p.21, 22 20. Bob Dawson, p.22 21. Ron Balham, p. 22 22. Ralph Wheeler, p.23 23. Ted Thorne, p.23 24. Bob Clark, p.23 25. Dufek, p.24, 25. 26. Tyree, p.24, 25 27. Dawn Rodley, later became Dawn Beck, p. 23, 24, 25, 26 28. Dick Goldthwait, p.26, 27, 30, 49, 52, 54 29. David Elliot, p.30, 49, 50, 51 30. John Mercer, p.31, 49 31. Kaye Everett, p.31, 49, 54 32. Mainly Mort, p.31, 32, 38, 40, 51 33. Tom Jones, p.31 34. Lois Jones, p. 38, 39, 41 35. George Llano, p.31, 32 36. Lonnie Thompson, p.32, 37 37. Ian Whillans, p.33 38. Gerry Holdsworth, p.33, 34 39. Cedo Marangunic, Chilean who came from Santiago to work with Dr. Bull on the Sherman Glacier, p.33, 36 40. Wayne Hamilton, p.35, 36 41. Olav Orheim, Head of the Norwegian Polar Institute, p.36, 37, 42 42. Ann Davey, p.37, 38 43. Almut Iken, p.38 44. Kay Lindsey, p.39, 41 45. Eileen McSavenney, p.39, 41 46. Terry Tickhill, p.39 47. Paul Dalrymple, p.40, 41 48. Kelly Welsh, p.41 49. Jim Zumberge, p.43 50. Larry Gould, p.43, 52, 57 51. John Heap, p.49
          Spectroscopy make Breast Cancer Diagnosis easy        
Written by Catharine Paddock PhD The analysis of small deposits of calcium in breast tissue can help differentiate cancerous and benign tumors, but it is sometimes not easy to make such a diagnosis. Now a team of researchers in the … Continue reading
          Ilmu itu penting, Gred A yang tak penting        

Dipetik dari fb Azmira Amran

Edisi UPSR: Ilmu tidak boleh disamakan dengan bilangan A.

Memang Finns tak peduli pasal exam pun, diorang belajar sebab seronok, sebab hari-hari bermakna. Hari-hari belajar benda baru macam hidupkan api kayu, belajar pasal Malaysia, cara buat robot etc. Why do you think I came to Finland? 9000km away from emak and abah, just to learn the secret of Finnish education system! Bila dah tau, saya rasa kecewa sebab silapnya bukan sebab guru kita tak pandai, bukan sebab org kementerian semua jahat, bukan sebab anak kita bodoh, tapi sebenarnya kita terperangkap dengan sistem sosial kita sendiri.

Kalau nak dengar benda benar, meh saya bagitau benda yang saya belajar setahun lebih belajar pasal education system kat Finland ni. Tapi sila telan sebab pahit:

1) Sekolah adalah tempat belajar bukan medan ranking. Di Finland, sistem exam tiada, sebab semua sekolah di Finland, mempunya satu ranking sahaja, iaitu equal / sama rata. Tiada sekolah terbaik Finland atau sekolah tercorot Finland. Hantar je anak kat mana-mana sekolah dalam Finland, standard dia sama. Takde kelas pandai, takde kelas 'belakang'. Kat Malaysia, kita sibuk dengan ranking sekolah terbaik di Malaysia. Sekolah yang terbaik dapat tajaan, dapat partnership etc dan guru-guru stress sebab nak kekalkan ranking, sebab nanti ibu bapa bising kalau pencapaian merudum. Bila ibu bapa bising-bising, guru besar stress, bila guru besar stress, guru-guru pula stress, diorang paksa murid2 telan ilmu (bukan belajar ilmu) melalui hafalan dan cara jawab exam dan pastu murid-murid pula stress. So bilanya nak belajar? Yang ibubapa sesetengahnya, cakap tak kisah anak dapat berapa A. Tapi lepas tu masih lamenting the fact anak dia 'kurang sikit' dari anak orang lain, sebab tu tak dapat masuk asrama. Come onnnn.

2) Jenis ilmu yang dipelajari. Di Finland, mereka menekankan kepentingan belajar benda yang boleh diaplikasikan dalam dunia sebenar. Sebab tu banyak project-based. Dari zaman tadika lagi, guru dah bawa masuk hutan untuk belajar pasal jenis-jenis kulit pokok. Seminggu belajar pasal tu je. Dalam kata lain, diorang menggunakan KBAT dalam seharian, tp takde pun diorang labelkan KBAT tu. Kat Malaysia? Heboh dengan KBAT, tp tak paham konsep KBAT. Siap buat exam on KBAT! Really? Tu tak masuk ibu bapa call guru besar sebab kelas anak dia, cikgu tak habis lagi Chapter 9 dalam textbook sebab kelas sebelah dah start Chapter 10. Heboh pula sebab dalam test takde pun keluar sebijik macam textbook?

3) Kat sini takde exam sebab grade bukan penentu kecemerlangan. Di Finland, umur habis tadika pun ramai lagi yang tak reti membaca. Kerja diorang dalam kelas, bermain. Sebab dari main tu lah diorang belajar mengenai interaksi sosial, belajar mengenai akhlak dan etika, belajar mengenai alam, belajar mengenai sains dan matematik dan bahasa. Kat Malaysia, anak kurang dapat A dalam UPSR dah menggelabah sebab tak dapat masuk asrama. Siapa yang buat sistem ranking sekolah berasrama ni in the first place?  Siapa yang buat sistem kasta ni?  Dan tanya diri sendiri sebagai parents, siapa yang paksa2 anak-anak untuk masuk sistem kasta ni? Tanya betul-betul kat diri sendiri, berapa banyak soalan dalam exam UPSR tu membantu budak-budak mengenali dunia sekeliling? Bila kementerian nak abolish UPSR, masing2 mengamuk. Tapi nak jadi Finland. Truth is, we cannot. Sebab dah jauh terperangkap dalam traps yang kita sendiri bina.

4) Sistem ekonomi di sini membantu rakyat dia untuk fokus mengenali diri sendiri. Duit bukan kepentingan, sebab kat sini kalau lepas graduate tak dapat cari pekerjaan, government akan bayar elaun sementara diorang dapat kerja. Ibu2 melahirkan anak pula cuti setahun, dengan gaji dibayar government. Orang-orang miskin dapat bantuan. Orang-orang yang sakit belakang sebab kerja lama sangat dapat bantuan urut dari health centre. Orang-orang yang stress diberi cuti sehingga hilang stress.
Pelajar-pelajar pula dapat peluang belajar dari tadika sampai phd - FREE dan dapat elaun bulanan untuk tolong pelajar bayar sewa rumah dan makan. Kat Malaysia?

Look, jangan tersilap yang saya ni cakap orang Finland rasa akademik tak penting. Orang sini majoriti mempunyai minimum masters degree. ILMU tu penting. Grade A yang tak penting.


          Giveaway and interview : Pretty Momma Beauty        
Hi everyone!

I have a wonderful surprise for you today, a beauty giveaway!
I met Ekatrina in the Etsy forum and she was very kind in offering to send one set of her amazing Raspberry Black Bath Tea. I was very curious about her product, especially when she mentioned it is real tea mixed with magnesium, salts. The tea bad holds the leaves together so it will be an easy clean up after a relaxing, skin rejuvenating and soothing bath.


RaspBerry Black Tea Bath Giveaway by Pretty Momma Beauty


But, as amazing are her products, I wanted you to learn more about this impressive lady behind the small natural shop of Pretty Momma Beauty.
Ladies and gentlemen, I present to you Ekatrina

Tell us about yourself and how all your Etsy adventure started :
I am a cell biology PhD student in the process of graduating and beginning my career as a professor. I started my first Etsy shop about halfway through my graduate career as a birthday present to myself. It has been a nice outlet for my creative energies in the midst of a demanding school load.

What pushed you to start your own beauty product line?
This shop began when I wanted to make bath salts for myself. I grew up in a home invested in natural and healthy products, so it was a short jump to combine that expertise with my scientific skills. The very first product I made was the mustard milk bath salts, which I formulated to combat muscle pain and tension. Once I got started, I just couldn’t stop, and I eventually opened this shop in order to share my products with a wider audience.

From the start, my products have been about providing tools to create a naturally healthy, beautiful you. Because of the demands on my time, I have been terrible about daily beauty upkeep. Once I started making my own products, I began to research and concoct products to help restore and repair my appearance. I formulated products that I found worked well, and so had to share those too. Because I need good value from the time I spend on myself, all my products are carefully formulated with high concentrations of active ingredients to maximize their effectiveness.

What inspires your collections?
My collections begin with an idea. For instance, I began my mud mask line in response to my search for something to reduce the appearance of my pores. Once I have an idea for a product type, my next question is “What other problems could this medium solve?”. So, in the mud mask example, I began expanding the concept to products that help maintain skin firmness, deal with inflammation, and provide deep-cleaning and detoxification benefits to help provide clear skin.

What is your process for your products?
When I start out to create a product, I begin by reading as much as I can about the process that produces the problem I want to solve and about how modern and traditional products go about addressing the problem. From that reading, I create a list of potential ingredients annotated with the mechanism of action of each. Then I research each ingredient intensively for safety and effectiveness, as well as to get an idea of which products would work well together. I create a prototype recipe designed to incorporate a diverse and synergistic ingredient list, then I go through repeated rounds of testing (on myself) and refinement for function and usability. The final product is what ends up in my shop. 

Are your products sold in boutiques or craft shows?
My primary outlet is online, although I have taken my products to a craft fair. I enjoyed the face to face interaction and direct feedback of the craft fair, so I hope to be able to do more of them after graduation. My products are not in a brick and mortar yet, but I am on the look-out for locations that would be a good fit. I’ve also been refining my packaging to reflect the professionalism and quality of my product, which is important in brick-and-mortar sales.

Can you tell us more about your Bath Tea Collection?
My bath tea collection is extensive, and primarily off-menu at this point. I have a wide variety of herbal and black teas, as well as a few more unusual options. My Roobios bath tea is especially refreshing, and my lavender mint bath tea is a favorite among returning customers. All of my bath teas are pre-packaged for easy clean-up and also contain magnesium salts to promote well-being. I will be working on bringing more of these teas into my regular offering once the craziness of my current transition period has passed. In the meantime, I am delighted to accommodate requests!

How long does it take you to develop a new serie of product?
The time it takes for me to develop a new product is directly proportional to how busy I am! :) Some products require minimal rounds of refinement and are ready to meet customers quickly. Other products, such as one particularly luscious conditioning treatment I have developed, require significant research to translate into a shelf-stable, easy-to-use product. (It’s been over a year since I made my first batch of that particular product, and it still isn’t ready to go to market. My hair, however, has greatly benefited from the research process.)

What’s next for PrettyMommaBeauty in 2015?
I have an extensive list of products to roll out in the next year. I have a very nice deep-conditioning moisturizer that is ready to go to market. It just needs final packaging decisions and photographs. I also want to elaborate on the idea and create a lighter moisturizer for those who live in warmer climates or who have more naturally moist skin. I also have an herbal detangling spray that has passed all my usage tests and needs to make its way into my shop. I have vegetable-based blush that will be ready once I standardize shades, and have initial recipes for complimenting lip products. I want to create liquid shampoos and bath gels from my bar soap recipes, which should be a fairly quick process once I obtain the necessary supplies. I also want to develop a magnesium-based deodorant, as I think that would work better than the salt crystal I currently use. What would you like to see in my shop??

If you weren’t making beauty products, what would you be making :
If I wasn’t running Etsy shops in my spare time, I’d be reading, embroidering, or tutoring. In addition to making bath and beauty products, I love doing graphic design and creating jewelry. I’m also an avid treasure-hunter at resale shops.

If you could live anywhere in the world...?
If I could live anywhere in the world….I don’t know. I like my current home, but would love to go someplace warmer in the winter. My favorite European country is Italy, but I want to visit China, and Spain, and Russia, and the Italian Alps, and see more of France… Home is where the heart is, but I love to learn about other cultures and meet new people too.


You can follow Ekatrina on Twitter here or on Tumblr
And, you can enter the giveaway at the top of the article! :)

           Application of image measurement and continuum mechanics to measuring the large-strain kinematic behaviour of prepared sugar cane and bagasse         
Britton, Paul Falcon (2003) Application of image measurement and continuum mechanics to measuring the large-strain kinematic behaviour of prepared sugar cane and bagasse. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
          Unfiltered Thoughts: Alastair Tait on Life on Mars        

unfiltered-thoughts-feature

Jack is joined by Alastair Tait to chat about life on Mars and other places in our solar system. Alastair is a PhD student at Monash University in Melbourne, where he studies planetary geology and meteorites. You’re about to hear about his work, actually.
          Unfiltered Thoughts: Sarah Murphy and Andy Cutting on Teaching Science        

unfiltered-thoughts-feature

For the seventeenth episode of Unfiltered Thoughts, Jack sits down with Sarah Murphy and Andy Cutting to chat about teaching science to school children. Sarah is a high-school science teacher with a background in biotechnology and analytical chemistry, and Andy is a PhD student in developmental biology at the Murdoch Childrens Research Institute. Both work for the Gene Technology Access Centre along with Jack, and he caught up with them on a high-school science outreach trip to Bendigo.
          A Shadow on Our Hearts        
November, 2017

ISBN (cloth): 

978-1-62534-300-0

Price (cloth) $: 

90.00
November, 2017

ISBN (paper): 

978-1-62534-301-7

Price (paper) $: 

32.95

Adam Gilbert, a writer and historian, earned his PhD from the University of Cambridge and was a Leverhulme Fellow at the University of Sussex.

Gilbert, Adam.

Pub date (e-book): 

December, 2017
Soldier-Poetry, Morality, and the American War in Vietnam

ISBN (e-book): 

978-1-61376-539-5

Price (e-book) $: 

25.99

The American war in Vietnam was one of the most morally contentious events of the twentieth century, and it produced an extraordinary outpouring of poetry. Yet the prodigious poetic voice of its American participants remains largely unheard; the complex ethical terrain of their experiences underexplored. In A Shadow on Our Hearts, Adam Gilbert rectifies these oversights by utilizing the vast body of soldier-poetry to examine the war’s core moral issues.

Thu, 11/30/2017

"This is the real deal—the big book on soldier-poetry of the Vietnam War that we have waited a half a century to get written."—Philip Beidler, author of American Literature and the Experience of Vietnam and Re-writing America: Vietnam Authors in Their Generation

"A Shadow on Our Hearts is an exceedingly well researched and well written book that has been needed for decades: a thorough investigation into the morality of the war as seen and experienced and expressed by American combat participants."—Vince Gotera, author of Radical Visions: Poetry by Vietnam Veterans

Related Subjects: 


          Scrapbook 2013        
Photobucket

Think about the year that has passed. All the memories, the entries and posts that made the year special. Think about all your past layouts, default icons, mood themes. How about all those conversations you had via comments, or the huge post in ONTD that you spent all night commenting on. The 2013 Scrapbook Post is a way to help you remember all of that, in a single post.




❤ Headers

• From ColourLovers: here




❤ Blog Titles

• We end up dreaming instead of sleeping (LJ)
• Oh, who am I to beg for difference? (Tumblr)
• Darkness is a harsh term, don't you think? (LJ)




❤ Layouts

Blue Swirls by daemon
Iso by fruitstyle




❤ Mood Themes

• Donna Noble animated mood by wickedgrdn




❤ Default Icons

Photobucket by dark_jackal32





❤ Desktops

Photobucket not mine
 photo 426782_10150571679892001_92809692000_9533598_1295167402_n_zps7c7a7548.jpgnot mine
 photo tyler_hoechlin_wallpaper_01_by_iheartbellamy-d5mmcr9_zps3406b75b.jpg not mine
 photo io_zps08dc3c59.jpg by me




❤ University

Techniques of Computational Physics: 30
Nuclear and Subnuclear Physics: 26
Lab of Astrophysics: 30
Physics of the Magnetosphere II: 30+
Space Physics Lab: 30+





❤ Events

• Lunch @ Aunt Ginevra's with the whole family (1/01/2013)
• Candy Shopping with Mama (4/01/2013)
• Watching Merlin finale T___T (7/01/2013)
Soundcloud account (11/01/2013)
• Starting MyFitnessPal (17/01/2013)
• 13,70€ for six makeup items (instahaul) (/01/2013)
• Sick with fever & nausea (29/01/2013)
• IBS package ordered 02/02/2013 (18/02/2013)
Winning a giveaway for the first time! (22/02/2013)
• Red Karaoke album dowloaded (24/02/2013)
• @ Rome with Marta - not the day I wanted and expected, could have been better (2/03/2013)
• Dinner @ Marta&Paolo's with Fife&Giuanni (3/03/2013)
• Chiara (&Eleonora&Paolo) gets her PhD in Physics. Congrats, girl! (20/03/2013)
• Various people (Alessia, Simone, Pietro, Danila, Dante) get a degree(27/03/2013)
• Ottavio's birthday dinner with Giuliani, Otto, Svale, Ruggi, Cecchini, Fede, Mariangela, Zufi, ? @ Oro Rosso (30/03/2013)
• Dream about Taylor Swift (31/03/2013)
• Easter lunch at Marta&Paolo's (31/03/2013)
• Dinner with Jessica @ Porca Vacca (3/04/2013)
• Singing constest @ Onna singin "Notturno" (7/04/2013)
• Officially started my thesis (10/04/2013)
• @ home with Marta&Paolo for roasted chicken and gelato (18/04/2013)
• Giuliani's bday dinner (27/04/2013)
• My sis trims my hair (12/05/2013)
• Robs is back from Dublin (27/05/2013)
• Last day of lectures ever!!! (12/06/2013)
• My very first dessert: microwaved brownies - not a success (14/06/2013)
• In Gagliano Aterno for the TOEFL study program (3/07-2/08 2013)
• @Luigi's for dinner with the american pals (24/01/2013)
• Birthday dinner with Otto, Vale, Zufi, Giuliani & (Jessica & Cch) (7/08/2013)
• Visiting for the first time the new homeplace of my Uncle Felix (8/08/2013)
• 30th birthday of my sis @ her place with the whole family (11/08/2013)
• Maquillalia order (8-14/08/2013)
• @Pescocostanzo with the whole family: take out lunch @ home (15/08/2013)
• Second attempt of microwave brownies (25/08/2013)
Winning a giveaway and Nicole's blog! (22/08/2013)
• TOEFL @ Rome with Mom and sis 115/120: R29, L29, S27, W30 (7/09/2013)
• Cooking & eating pizza at my sister's (8/09/2013)
• Uncle Carlo's 50th birthday celebration @ Passaparola (10/09/2013)
• GRE Physics @ John Cabot University in Rome (27-28/09/2013)
• Flu's worst timing ever (15/10/2013)
• GRE General test @ Rome (18/10/2013)
• GRE Subject in Physics @ Rome (19/10/2013)
• Receiving the BellezaKisses giveaway prize (28/10/2013)
• Romina's graduation dinner @ Mordi&Fuggi (05/12/2013)
• Moving furniture to the new old house (05-06/12/2013)
• Christmas Eve dinner @ home with Marta & Paolo + watching the Vicotria's Sectret fashion show (24/12/2013)
• Christmas lunch with Sciarretta&Colangelo + playing&winning at Pictionary @ Marta's (25/15/2013)
• New kitchen (30/12/2013)
• NY's Eve @ Otto's (31/12/2013)






❤ Quotes

• "They say that people teach what they need to learn." (The Happiness Project)
• "All these thoughts flooded through my mind, and as I sat on that crowded bus, I grasped two things: I wasn’t as happy as I could be, and my life wasn’t going to change unless I made it change. In that single moment, with that realization, I decided to dedicate a year to trying to be happier." (The Happiness Project)
• "If you’re not failing, you’re not trying hard enough." (The Happiness Project)
• "No! Try not! Do, or do not. There is no try!" (Yoda from "Star Wars")
• Mary Margareth: "I'm the worst person in the world" Emma: "Really, the whole world?" (from Once Upon a Time)
• "That's a relief." (Kili from The Hobbit)
• "You're a musician, so it's important that you suffer." (Lanny from Rock of Ages)
• "Pipe the fuck down!" (Jenna Marbles)
• "I'd watch your back. Just to make sure there's no target drawn on it" (from Smash)
• " “You are the piece of the puzzle of someone else’s life. You may never know where you fit, but others will fill the holes in their lives with pieces of you. So if you run out of reasons to live, remember that someone else’s life may never be complete without you in it." (Bonnie Arbon)
• "I talk, therefore I am." (Michelle from Bunheads)
• "This is what I believe to be true: You have to do everything you can and if you stay positive you have a shot at a silver lining." (Pat from Silver Linings Playbook)
• "I didn’t believe in love at first sight till I met Ginnifer." (Josh Dallas)
• "You guys need to stop being such asses and start being bad asses." (Jesse St. James from Glee)
• "There comes a time when you have to see what life looks like from the dance floor" (Charlie in "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky)
• "Either you say too much or you don't say enough and they're gone" (Peyton Sawyer from One Tree Hill)
• "And all you want is to always feel happy for them because you know that if you do, then it means that you're happy too" (Charlie in "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky)
• "There’s a special place in hell for women that don’t help other women." (Katie Couric)
• "That's why they had plagues, you know. To kill dumb guys like Ben." (Milly Stone from Bunheads)
• "Dreaming about being an actress is more exciting than being one." (Marilyn Monroe)
• "Nothing ever goes away until it teaches us what we need to know." (Pema Chodron)
• "Life sucks when you are ordinary" (Damon Salvatore from The Vampire Diaries)
• "I don't trust fish! They breathe water, that's crazy!" (Nick Miller from New Girl)
• "I do not respond to threats. I make them." (Jessica Pearson from Suits)
• "It portrays death truthfully. You die in the middle of your life, in the middle of a sentence." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "If something was wrong, I'd find out soon enough. Nothing to be gained by worriyng between now and then." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "That's the thing about pain, it demands to be felt." (Augustus from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "I was thinking about the word handle, and all the unholdable things that get handled" (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "I take quite a lot of pride in not knowing what's cool." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "The existence of broccoli does not in any way affect the taste of chocolate." (Hazel from "The Fault in Our Stars")
• "Please believe that things are good with me, and even when they're not, they will be soon enough." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "And how different her facelooked the first time she really liked a boy who was not on a poster on her wall." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "And all you want is to always feel happy for them because you know that if you do, then it means that you're happy,too." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "I decided then that when I meet someone I though was as beautiful as the song, I should give it to that person." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "I just thought to myself that in the palm of my hand, there was this one tape that had all of these memories and feelings and great joy and sadness." (Charlie from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "You're a wallflower. You see things. You keep quite about them. And you understand." (Patrick from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "Charlie, we accept the love we think we deserve." (Bill from "The Perks of Being a Wallflower")
• "Life is one fucking beauty contest after another." (from Little Miss Sunshine)
• "Are you really that dumb, or just naturally blonde?" (Katherine Pierce from The Vampire Diaries)
• "What a slut time it. She screws everybody." (Peter Van Houten from The Fault In Our Stars)
• "I fell in love the way you fell asleep: slowly, and then all at once" (Hazel Grace from The Fault In Our Stars)
• "To become a god, you must first become a man. When a man is a man, the man will become a god, and then the goddess will reveal herself." (Kvasir from The Almighty Johnsons)
• "Man up to god up." (Colin/Loki from The Almighty Johnsons)
• "All men must die. But we are not men." (Daenerys from Game fo Thrones)
• "Everyday may not be good, bet there's something good in everyday day." (Ingrid - missglamorazzi)
• "Anything that gets your blood racing is probably worth doing." (Hunter S. Thompson)
• "'Yes' can mean 'no'." (Dean in Gagliano Aterno)
• "What difference could two people make? - You were one person, and you changed the world" (Dor & the Old Man from The Time Keeper)
• "But a man who can take anything will find most things unsatisfying. And a man without memories is just a shell." (from The Time Keeper)
• "He wonderer how it was fair that your dying should depend so much on when you were born." (from The Time Keeper)
• "Sitting high above the city, Father Time realized that knowing something and understanding it were not the same thing." (from The Time Keeper)
• "And when hope is gone, time is punishment" (from The Time Keeper)
• "Ends are for yesterdays, not tomorrows" (from The Time Keeper)
• "With endless time, nothing is special. With no loss or sacrifice, we can't appreciate what we have." (from The Time Keeper)
• "There is a reason God limits our days - To make each one precious." (from The Time Keeper)
• "The trick is to not see the bars, but rather what lies beyond them." (Cyrus from Once Upon a Time in Wonderland)




❤ Books read

• "The Happiness Project" by Gretchen Rubin (02/01/2012- suspended)
• "The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky (20/02/2012 - 13/03/2013)
• "The Fault In Our Stars" by John Green (19/03/2013 - 19/08/2013)
• "The Time Keeper" by Mitch Albom (22/08/2013 - 11/09/2013)
• "Gone Girl" by Gillian Flyn (16/09/2013 - )




❤ Songs loved

• "Cry" - Cassadee Pope's cover (Faith Hill)
• "Over You" - Cassadee Pope's cover (Miranda Lambert)
• "Stupid Boy" - Cassadee Pope's cover (Keith Urban)
• "Just a fool" - Christina Aguilera & Blake Shelton
• "Good in Goodbye" - Carrie Underwood
• "Blank Page" - Christina Aguilera
• "La notte" - Arisa
• "Everything has changed" - Taylor Swift & Ed Sheeran
• "Give me love" - Ed Sheeran
• "Kiss Me" - Ed Sheeran
• "Done." - The Band Perry
• "Good Girl" - Carrie Underwood
• "Poison & Wine" - The Civil Wars
• "Shouldn't Come Back" - Demi Lovato
• "In Case" - Demi Lovato
• "Really don't care" - Demi Lovato (ft. Cher Lloyd)
• "Wrecking Ball" - Miley Cyrus
• "Love like mine" - Hayden Panettiere
• "When the right one comes along" - Sam Palladio & Clare Bowen
• "Faultline" - Katharine McPhee
• "Almost is never enough" - Ariana Grande & Nathan Skykes
• "Tatooed Heart" - Ariana Grande
• "Counting Stars" - One Republic
• "I see fire" - Ed Sheeran




❤ Movies seen

Lo Hobbit 3D: Un Viaggio Inaspettato | 9/10 *
Rock of Ages | 8/10 (ENG)
The Words | 8/10 (ENG)
Premium Rush | 7/10 (ENG)
Nights in Rodanthe | 6/10 (ENG)
Tanner Hall | 8/10 (ENG)
Wild Child | 6/10 (ENG)
Silver Linings Playbook | 7/10 (ENG)
The Impossible | 8/10 (ENG)
The Dark Knight Rises | 9/10 (ENG)
10 Things I Hate About You | 10/10 (ENG)
Argo | 9/10 (ENG)
Notre-Dame de Paris Ballet by Roland Petit | 7.5/10 (First Act)
Iron Man 2 | 4/10
Zodiac | 10/10
Anna Karenina | 7/10 (ENG)
The Perks of Being a Wallflower | 8/10 (ENG)
The Avengers | 6/10 (ENG)
Pitch Perfect | 7/10 (ENG)
The Oranges | 7/10 (ENG)
Oz: the Great and Powerful | 7/10 (ENG)
Back to the Future | 10/10 (ENG)
La finestra di fronte | 7.5/10
Remember Sunday | 8/10 (ENG)
The Big Wedding | 8/10 (ENG)
Safe Haven | 7/10 (ENG)
Les Miserables | 6/10 (ENG)
Star Trek | 8/10 (ENG)
The Hobbit: an Unexpected Journey | 9/10 (ENG)
Now is good | 7/10 (ENG)
The Heat | 10/10 (ENG)
The Bling Ring | 7/10 (ENG)
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug 3D | 8/10 *
Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters | 7/10 (ENG)
21 Jump Street | 6/10 (ENG)


*at the cinema




❤ TV Shows

The Big Bang Theory (Season 6)
Glee (Season 4 | Season 5)
Friends (Season 7)
Supernatural (Season 8 | Season 9)
The Vampire Diaries (Season 4 | Season 5)
C.S.I.: NY (Season 8 | Season 9)
White Collar (Season 4 | Season 5)
Gilmore Girls (Season 5 | Season 6)
New Girl (Season 2 | Season 3)
Revenge (Season 2 | Season 3)
Once Upon a Time (Season 2 | Season 3)
Merlin (Season 5)
Grey's Anatomy (Season 8 | Season 9)
C.S.I.: Miami (Season 10)
Smash (Season 2)
Bunheads (Season 1)
Suits (Season 2 | Season 3)
The Almighty Johnsons (Season 1 | Season 2)
Un Medico in Famiglia (Serie 8)
The Voice (Season 4 | Season 5)
Doctor Who (Season 7)
Game of Thrones (Season 3)
Nashville (Season 1 | Season 2)
Teen Wolf (Season 1 | Season 2 | Season 3)
The Originals (Season 1)
Once Upon a Time in Wonderland (Season 1)
The Voice (Season 4 | Season 5)
The X Factor USA (Season 3)
People's Choice Awards (2013)
Amici (11th edition)
Golden Globe Awards Arrivals and Main Show (2013)
Sanremo (2013)
Grammy Awards (2013)
Oscars - Academy Awards (Red Carpet & Main Show) (2013)
The Voice of Italy (Season 1)
American Country Music Awards (ACMs) (2013)
Billboard Music Awards (2013)
MTV Movie Awards (2013) Pre-Show & Main Event
CMT Music Awards (2013)
MTV Video Music Awards (2013)
Emmy Awards (2013)
The X Factor ITA (2013)
American Music Awards (2013)




❤ Best Episodes

New Girl 2x14 "Pepperwood"
Gilmore Girls 5x10 "But not as cute as Pushkin"
Bunheads 1x14 "The Astronaut and the Ballerina"
The Big Bang Theory 6x14 "The Cooper/Kripke Inversion"
Suits 2x14 He's Back""
Bunheads 1x16 "There's nothing worse than a pantsuit"
New Girl 2x17 "Parking Spot"
The Big Bang Theory 6x21 "The Closure Alternative"
New Girl 2x23 "Virgins"
Smash 2x12 "Opening Night"
Smash 2x16 "The Nominations"
Smash 2x17 "The Tonys"
Supernatural 8x08 "Hunteri Heroici"
Supernatural 8x11 "LARP and the Real Girl"
Supernatural 8x20 "PacMan Fever"
Nashville 1x14 "Dear Brother"
The Big Bang Theory 7x03 "The Scavenger Vortex"
The Big Bang Theory 7x06 "The Romance Resonance"
Glee 5x05 "The end of twerk"




❤ Ships

Gilmore Girls | Lorelai/Luke
YouTube | Carrie/Alex Day
The Hobbit | Kili/Fili/Thorin *iz ashamed*
RL | Aidan Turner/Dean O'Gorman
The Voice | Blake/Adam
Game of Thrones | Dany/Jorah Mormont
Smash | Karen/Derek
Game of Thrones | Brienne of Tarth/Jamie Lannister
The Vampire Diaries | Caroline/Klaus
Nashville | Scarlett/Gunnar
Grey's Anatomy | April Kepner/Jackson Avery
Once Upon a Time | Emma/Hook




❤ Random Crushes

• Sir Leon the Great | Merlin
Danisnotonfire | YouTube
• Aidan Turner
• Dean O'Gorman
• Honey, honey with everything
• Twinings Blackcurrant tea
• Louis Litt | Suits
• Emily Thorne | Revenge
• Margaery Tyrell | Game of Thrones
• Chocolate Milkshakes
• Jaime Lannister | Game of Thrones
• James Franco
• Scarlett O'Connor | Nashville
• Zoella | YouTube
• Essiebutton | YouTube
• Derek Hale | Teen Wolf
• Tyler Hoechlin
• Styles Stilinski | Teen Wolf




❤ Fashion loved

Jackets
Tops
Bottoms
Accessories
Dresses
Shoes
Bags
Beauty





❤ Shopping

Kate Moss for Rimmel Lipstick in #010
Supercolour Mascara by Kiko (Sabbia #10)
Supercolor Mascara by Kiko (Fucsia #09)
Lipstick Rouge A' Levres by Kiko (#11)
Nail Polish Sense Tech 100% Mat by Deborah (#10)
Magnetic Nail Polish Shine Tech by Deborah (#65)
Bottega Verde eyeshadow (Beige)
NYC Lipstain 16H (#498 Berry Long Time)
Polka dots blue shirt by Terranova
Blouse by H&M
Maybelline Super Stay Lipstick 14h (#180 Ultimate Blush)
Rimmel Apocalips Lip Laquer (#303 Apocaliptic)
"The Time Keeper" by Mitch Albom
"The Perks of Being a Wallflower" by Stephen Chbosky
"Gone Girl" by Gillian Flynn
"The Happiness Project" by Gretchen Rubin
"Looking for Alaska" by John Green
"Before I Fall" by Lauren Olivier
"The Fault in Our Stars" by John Green
Essie nail polish in Mint Candy Apple
Benefit TropiCoral kit
Ownl necklace by Tally Weijl
MAC Face & Body foundation in White
Acqua di Sole by Lush
Nonsimangia! by Lush
Brufolo Bill by Lush
Radici sample by Lush
Conosci la Terra sample by Lush
Chartreuse Pigment sample by MAC
Jar 10ml by Kiko
Mirror Lacquer (Nail polish) in #624 Azzurro by Kiko
Mirror Lacquer (Nail polish) in #627 Verde Lime by Kiko
Natural Concealer in #01 by Kiko
Natural Concealer in #04 by Kiko
Nail Polish Corrector Pen by Kiko
Nail Polish Remover Fast&Easy by Kiko
White purse by Marina Galanti
Essence MySkin Deeply Moisturizing Paper Mask
Essence Peel-off base coat
Essence MySkin Tinted Moisturizer in Light
Essence PureSkin Anti-spot 4in1 Cream Wash
Beige Loafers
Kiko nail polish #355
Perfume L'Eau D'Issey Florale by Issey Miyake
Essie Nail Polish in Laquered Up (#62)
Essie Nail Polish in Lilacism (#37)
Essie Nail Polish Top Coat
Lace Oxfords by H&M
• "Il grand Gatsby" by F. Scott Fitzgerald (Newton Compton Editori)
• "Racconti del Terrore" by E.A. Poe (Newton Compton Editori)
Gel tint by Essence (#01 Hot Red)
Stay Matt Lip Cream by Essence (#01 Velvet Rose)
Mid-lenghts blue navy pants by OVS
Top with lace details by Terranova
Light blue sweater by Terranova
Coconut Oil by Khadì
Makeup sponge by H&M
Mint sheer shirt by H&M
Black dress by H&M
Peach dress by H&M
Light blue cardigan by H&M
White cardigan by H&M
Running shoes by Decathlon
• Magnetic Board with markers
• NYC nail polish in Pinstripe White #134
Blending brush #200 by Kiko
Body Splash - Sunny Island by Kiko
Glow Touch (lips&cheeks) #01 Biller Margarita by Kiko
Dark jeans by H&M
White dress with lace details by H&M
Black shorts by H&M
Expert Face Brush by Real Techniques
Undress Me Too palette by MUA
Montagne Jeunesse various masks
Sleek blush trio in Flame
Sleek blush trio in Lace
Lipstick by MUA in shade 16 Nectar
Lipstick by MUA in shade 15 Juicy
Essence nail polish from the limited edition Snow Jam in #04 Top of the Ice Stream
Soft Matte Lip Cream in Istanbul by NYX
Babyliss rotating brush
Mary Lou Manizer (highlighter) by The Balm
Batiste Dry Shampoo XXL volumen
Powder blush in Angel by NYX
Sleek lipstick in Smother
Nail Polish from the collection "On Safari" by Cgina Glaze in Purr-fect Plum
• Roots by Lush
Maybelline Baby Lips in Cherry Me
Omia body cream with Jojoba Oil
Black Ballerina flats by Bata
Brown booties by H&M
• Jogging pants by Decathlon
Long sleeved t-shirt by H&M
Striped sweater by H&M
Green sweater by H&M
Lasting Color Gel Nail Polish by Pupa (#18)
Stay with me in #08 Deep Rose by Essence
Stay all day concealer in #20 Soft Beige by Essence
Nail art magnetic nail polish in #06 Spell Bound! by Essence
Extra moisturizing nail balm by Essence
Cleansing wipes in Fresh Cotton by Shaka
Body Wash in Strawberry by Shaka
• Sweater by H&M
• Long sleeved blue t-shirt by H&M
• Three quarted sleeved black t-shirt by H&M
Intensive softening Hand Cream by Yes To Carrots
Moisturizing Eye Cream by Yes To Carrots
Repairing Night Cream by Yes To Carrots
Instant moisturizer by Sephora
Hair elastics by Sephora
Nourishing Kit (gel exfoliator & body butter) by Yes To Carrots
Mini eyelash curler by e.l.f.
HD blush in Headliner by e.l.f.
HD blush in Superstar by e.l.f.
Lipstick in Charming by e.l.f.
Lipstick in Gypsy by e.l.f.
Eyelash & brow wand by e.l.f.
Jumbo Lip Gloss Stick in Movie Stare by e.l.f.
Studio Matte Lip Colour in Natural by e.l.f.
Lip exfoliator by e.l.f.
Daily brush cleaner by e.l.f.
Custom eyes eyeshadow in Ivory by e.l.f.
Powder puffs by e.l.f.
Lip Balm SPF 15 in Plum by e.l.f.
Powder brush by e.l.f.
Kiko Smart Lipstick in #912
Kiko Smart Lipstick in #903
Invisible Lipliner by Kiko
Nail art magnet by Kiko
• Cien cleanser
• Cien Toner




❤ Presents

Ireland gifts by Robs
Flowy music scarf by my sis
• Birthday money
Poland necklace by my sis
Kiko Strawberry Kiss Lipbalm by my parents (birthday gift)
• Ardell Lashes, MAC Ruby Woo Lipstick and Storm Sleek Palette (Nicholea giveaway)
• Jack Black lip balm and Lorac PRO palette (BellezaKisses giveaway)
Creme de Rose lip balm by Dior (birthday present from my friends)
• Christmas money from family members




❤ Links

Some of The Hobbit cast videobombing a music video (video)
Quizzing The Hobbit Dwarves (video)
Interviewing dwarves (video)
The Hobbit crak vid 2 (video)
ModCloth (online shopping website)
My First Kiss Story by HelloKatyxo (video)
Taylor Swift - Live on the Seine (video)
iSnuggle with Matt Bomer & Tim DeKay (video)
7 ways of using MAC pigments (video)
Finn Jonest interview about his role on Game of Thrones (video)
KissFM TSwift interview (video)
Taylor Swift met Richard Gere at the Golden Globes (video)
The Grunchies Awards 2013 (video)
The red carpet of the "Amazings" (video)
Guillermo at the Oscars (video)
Colin Farrel, horses & thongs (video)
How to have easier life (video)
Bride & Bridesmaid dresses (Online shop)
Richard Feynman, you are awesome (video)
What Makes You Beautiful (5Guys and 1 Piano) (video)
Viggo & the horses of The Lord of the Rings (video)
Leaping into the Unknown of Life (video)
Prakns @ The Ellen Show (video)
Aidan&Dean&Sarah (video)
Melanie&Adam on The Voice (video)
Meghan's How NOT to hit on a girl (video)
Most funny moments of filming/interviews The Hobbit (video)
Dean O'Gorman and the Mail Box Story (video)
The Band Perry live with "Done." @ ACMs 2013 (video)
Celebrity Tweets - A music video by Shane Dawson (video)
Dan's "Draw my life" (video)
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug (official trailer)
Two fans watch The Hobbit trailer (video)
Elves reaction to the two girls' reaction (video)
Picking up girls with One Direction lyrics (video)
Red acoustic version by Fifth Harmony (video)
Dean O'Gorman & Aidan Turner's panel @ Boston Comic Con (video)
Lip Sync Battle @ Late Night with Jimmy Fallon (video)
Thanksgiving in songs @ Late Night with Jimmy Fallon (video)
I knew Victoria's Secret models were trouble (video)
Virginio's Hallelujah (video)




          Scrapbook 2014        
 photo 67ec8a1f6d7f13be5eb7a9678604f155.gif

Think about the year that has passed. All the memories, the entries and posts that made the year special. Think about all your past layouts, default icons, mood themes. How about all those conversations you had via comments, or the huge post in ONTD that you spent all night commenting on. The 2014 Scrapbook Post is a way to help you remember all of that, in a single post.




❤ Headers

• From ColourLovers: here




❤ Blog Titles

• Oh, who am I to beg for difference? (Tumblr)
• Darkness is a harsh term, don't you think? (LJ)




❤ Layouts

Iso by fruitstyle




❤ Mood Themes

• Donna Noble animated mood by wickedgrdn




❤ Default Icons

Photobucket by dark_jackal32





❤ Desktops

 photo io_zps08dc3c59.jpg by me
 photo 17d_zps2d7436a4.jpg by me




❤ University

Circumterrestrial Physics: 30+






❤ Events

• Lunch @ home and afternoon at Nonna Elvia's (1/01/2014)
• Account @ trakt.tv (2/01/2014)
• Candy shopping (well..kind of) with momma @ L'Aquilone (5/01/2014)
• Finishing my Master's degree exams (W H A T?!) + shopping (Canon camera) + hot chocoa with momma - aka BEST DAY EVER (10/01/2014)
• Moving back home (11-18/01/2014)
• First night @ home (18/01/2014)
• The email and phone call that make my future brighter - BU (31/01 - 02/02/2014)
• Dinner for Fede's b-day @ L'Isola che non c'è and then at a random club (1/02/2014)
• The official letter - BU (3/02/2014)
• The mole and the guy who gets an hernia for picking me up after almost passing out after the surgery (12/02/2014)
• Meet-up in Rome with essiebutton, Aslan and Irene + meeting by chance with Gabriele of Gagliano @ Tiburtina + eating my very first macaroon!!! (25/02/2014)
Going public on Twitter (27/02/2014)
• Ordering the bedrom furniture! (14/03/2014)
• Afternoon baking macarons and cooking pizza at Marta&Paolo's + dinner with mom and day (15/03/2014)
• Master's Degree graduation (26/03/2014)
• Pizza&Suisse @ lab (27/03/2014)
• VenticinquOtto @ Nonna Cristina (28/03/2014)
• Graduation happy hour @ Lucignolo (29/03/2014)
• Graduation lunch @ Porca Vacca (30/03/2014)
• Winning Jenna's giveaway (@thegirlinspired) (5/04/2014)
• Officially accepting Boston University PhD offer (6/04/2014)
• Officially declining the University of Michigan, University of Delaware, University of Minnesota and Dartmouth College offers (11/04/2014)
• Uploading my very first YouTube video on randombeautythingss (15/04/2014)
• Macaroons baking afternoon at Marta's (19/04/2014)
• Easter lunch at Marta's (20/04/2014)
• Vienna EGU 2014 (27/04-1/05//2014)
• First time at Forever21, The Body Shop and Starbucks (29/04/2014)
• New bedroom with missing matress, handlers and chair (3/05/2014)
• Two surprising vaccines (10/05/2014)
• Blood tests without passing out (14/05/2014)
• Meeting Baby @ Rome (29/05/2014)
• Days @ Rome with Irene (29-31/05/2014)
• At the US Embassy of Rome for my Visa interview (19/06/2014)
• Visa disaster & flight booked (20/06/2014)
• Relatives @ home for my birthday celebration (21/06/2014)
• Dinner @ Fede's for my birthday celebration (28/06/2014)
• TOEFL opening ceremony + speech (5/07/2014)
• Dinner @ Otto's for Svale's bday (12/07/2014)
• Getting my prescription sun-glasses (14/07/2014)
• Dinner with Alessandra @ L'Antica Roma (14/07/2014)
• Dinner with Jessica @ Otto e Mezzo (18/07/2014)
• Gelato with Richie&Giusy (23/07/2014)
• Last dentist appointment (after countless ones) (23/07/2014)
• Chopping my hair off in a bob (25/07/2014)
• Monday of goodbyes aka my last day at uni (28/07/2014)
• (1/01/2014)






❤ Quotes

• "Never confuse a single failure for a final defeat." (F. Scott Fitzgerald)
• "I’d like to say I don’t believe in anything, but I keep an open mind." (Deputy Parrish from Teen Wolf)
• "Go granny, or go home." (Estée aka essiebutton)
• "" ()
• "" ()





❤ Books read

• "Gone Girl" by Gillian Flynn (16/09/2013 - 20/07/2014)
• "Looking for Alaska" by John Green (20/07/2014 - )
• "" by ( - )




❤ Songs loved

• "Radioactive" - Imagine Dragons
• "Be my girl" - Sam Palladio & Jonathan Jackson
• "Follow your arrow" - Kacey Musgraves
• "Count me in" - Early Winters
• "" -
• "" -
• "" -





❤ Movies seen

Beautiful Creatures | 7/10 (ENG)
Risky Business | 7/10 (ENG)
The Lone Ranger | 5/10 (ENG)
Man of Steel | 9/10 (ENG)
The Spectacular Now | 6/10 (ENG)
About Time | 10/10 (ENG)
Don Jon | 6/10 (ENG)
The Great Gatsby | 10/10 (ENG)
Blue Jasmine | 8/10 (ENG)
The Wolf of Wall Street | 9/10 (ENG)
Not Another Happy Ending | 7/10 (ENG)
X-Men: Days of the Future Past | 8/10 *
Frozen | 8/10 (ENG)
Heart of the Country | 6/10 (ENG)
One Chance | 9/10 (ENG)
X-Men: L'Inizio | 8/10 (rewatch)
That Awkward Moment | 4/10 (ENG)
The Mortal Instruments: City of Bones | 9/10 (ENG)
Vampire Academy | 6/10 (ENG)
Her | 8/10 (ENG)
The Normal Heart | 8/10 (ENG)
| /10
| /10


*at the cinema




❤ TV Shows

The Big Bang Theory (Season 6)
Glee (Season 5)
Supernatural (Season 9)
The Vampire Diaries (Season 5)
C.S.I.: NY (Season 9)
White Collar (Season 5)
Gilmore Girls ()
New Girl (Season 3)
Revenge (Season 3)
Once Upon a Time (Season 3)
Once Upon a Time in Wonderland (Season 1)
Nashville (Season 2)
Teen Wolf (Season 3 | Season 4)
The Originals (Season 1)
Once Upon a Time in Wonderland (Season 1)
The Almighty Johnsons (Season 3)
Sherlock (Season 3)
Suits (Season 3 | Season 4)
Arrow (Season 1 | Season 2)
(Season )
Un Medico in Famiglia (Stagione 9)
The Voice (Season 5)
The X Factor USA (Season 3)
People's Choice Awards (2014)
Golden Globe Awards Red Carpet (2014)
Golden Globe Awards Main Show (2014)
Oscars - Academy Awards Red Carpet (2014)
Oscars - Academy Awards Main Show (2014)
ACM (2014)
MTV Movie Awards Preshow and Main Show (2014)
()
()





❤ Best Episodes

Sherlock 3x02 "The Sign of Three"
Once Upon a Time 1x11 "Heart of the Matter"
Nashville 2x00 "On the Record"
The Big Bang Theory 7x22 "The Proton Transmogrification"
Once Upon a Time 3x21 "Snow Drifts"
Once Upon a Time 3x22 "There's no place like home"
Suits 3x14 "Heartburn"
Teen Wolf 4x05 "I.E.D."
Gilmore Girls 7x22 "Bon Voyage"
x ""
x ""





❤ Ships

The Almighty Johnsons | Axl/Gaia
The Almighty Johnsons | Dawn/Ty
Sherlock | Sherlock/John
Nashville | Juliette/Avery
Once Upon a Time | Emma/Hook
| /
| /





❤ Random Crushes

• Derek Hale | Teen Wolf
• Tyler Hoechlin
• Styles Stilinski | Teen Wolf
essiebutton | YouTube
PrettyAndPrimped | YouTube
• James McAvoy
• Lydia Martin | Teen Wolf




❤ Fashion loved

Jackets
Tops
Bottoms
Accessories
Dresses
Shoes
Bags
Beauty





❤ Shopping

L'Oreal Paris 3 in 1 Purifying Micellar Solution
Maybelline Color Tatto in On and on bronze #35
Rimmel Scandaleyes Waterproof Kohl Kajal in Nude #005
Canon Legria HF R406 camera
• Ladybug hand warmer
• Sandisk SDHC 16GB
">•</a> Rimmel Stay Matte Primer
NYC Cover Stick in Light
NYC Mosaid Face Powder in Translucent Highlighter Glow 722A
• Fuchsia cardigan by H&M
Eyebrow kit by H&M
• Jeggings by Terranova (17,90€)
6 macaroons in a box + 1 strawberry-marshmallow
Rimmel Scandaleyes Waterproof Kohl Kajal in #004 Taupe
H&M nail polish in Wintersky
H&M skirt+t-shirt+cardigan for my graduation
• H&M black jeggings
Essence Bloom Me Up Blush Stick in #01 Chaising Lacy
Essence Bloom Me Up Due Eyepencil
Essence Superfine eyeliner pen
• Farmacia del Borrello: Acqua di Amamelide, Amido di Riso, Burro di Cacao, Aloe Gel, Olio di Jojoba, Olio di Argan, Olio di Macadamia, Olio di Avocado
The Body Shop Tea Tree Face Wash, Shea Body Butter, Olive Body Butter, Strawberry Body Butter
The Balm Cindy-Lou Manizer
• Essence MySkin gel face washer
• Kiko Boulevard Rock Skinny Fit Kajal in #01
Onitsuka Tiger
• Carry-on
H&M Jumpsuit
• Gel schiarente all'acido glicolico by Fitocose







❤ Presents

Penguin hat & H&M Nudes palette by my sister
• Money from the family for my Master's graduation
Set of 4 nail polishes by Pupa from Alfredo, Roberta, Bee and Chiara
Palette & Eye pencil by Pupa from Alfredo, Roberta, Bee and Chiara
Felix Felicis and money from Otto, Vale, Giuliani, Ruggi, Zufi, Stefania, Romins, Jessica, Cch, Fede, Nunzia for my Master's graduation
Keychain by Prof. Paravano for my Master's graduation
Bracelet by Claudia, Pina & Co. for my Master's Graduation
• Necklace by Marianna & Claudia for my Master's Graduation
• Lindt white chocolate bunny by Marta for Easter
Sleek palette, Collection mascara and Gosh pencil for the giveaway of @thegirlinspired
• Calvin Klein wallet/clutch by my friends for my 25th birthday






❤ Links

Penguins epic fails (video)
X-Men cast, fanart & fanfictions (video)
(video)




          By: StraightGrandmother        
Wayne, I think you can contribute to the conversation on Warren Throckmorton's blog We now have contributing comments Richard Fitzgibbons MD mmber of the American Acadamy of Pediatricians Robert Enright PhD who jointly wrote a book with Dr. Fitzgibbons and And this article from Vatican City “The study of forgiveness has nevertheless ended up nurturing Enright’s own faith, ultimately bringing him back to the Roman Catholic Church of his youth. He is now preparing, for the first time, to make that faith explicit in his work. http://blog.beliefnet.com/news/2011/02/forgiveness-scholar-opens-up-o.php and now Walter Schumm I am sure you will do what you want, but I would suggest you first read the origional article and make sure and read all the replies, expand them in other words. Then o Warren's blog read all our comments. I think you could contribute to this discussion. http://wthrockmorton.com/2012/01/05/sirotafitzgibbons/ We do need to respond in a civil manner or else we will get dismissed out of hand. Hope to see you soon on Warren's blog.
          Xenotransplantation: Liver Allocation and Bioethics Part 2 of 2         
Host: Aaron Carroll, MD
Guest: Paul R. Helft, MD
Guest: A. Joseph Tector, MD, PhD
One of the most pressing problems in transplant medicine is the shortage of available organ donors to keep up with high demand. What are the ethical considerations of solving the liver shortage problem with xenotransplantation? Host Dr. Aaron Carroll welcomes Drs. Tector and Helft for the second part in a discussion of xenotransplantation. Dr. Joseph Tector directs the section of transplant surgery's xenotransplantation research program at Indiana University Health. Dr. Paul Helft is director of the Charles Warren Fairbanks Center for Medical Ethics at Indiana University Health, and is a member of the IU Health Ethics Committee and co-chair of the IU Health Ethics Consultation Subcommittee.
          Xenotransplantation: History and Current Advances Part 1 of 2         
Host: Aaron Carroll, MD
Guest: Paul R. Helft, MD
Guest: A. Joseph Tector, MD, PhD
The necessity for transplantation of living cells from other species, or xenotransplantation, may arise when human donors are not available, a bridge organ is needed, or animal cells can provide a unique benefit to patients. Host Dr. Aaron Carroll's guests are xenotransplantation experts Dr. Paul Helft, director of the Charles Warren Fairbanks Center for Medical Ethics at Indiana University Health, and Dr. Joseph Tector, chief of transplant surgery at Indiana University School of Medicine. What is the history of xenotransplantation? What donor species are currently the subject of the most promising research in terms of solid organ transplantation and overcoming immunologic barriers and infection? Find out which patients might be the first to benefit.
          Psychological Screening Before Transplantation         
Host: Aaron Carroll, MD
Guest: Audrey A. Krause, PhD
Psychosocial issues arise before, during and after organ transplantation. To address these issues proactively and comprehensively, many transplant centers incorporate a psychological assessment as part of the protocol to evaluate patients for transplantation. What are the psychological criteria for inclusion or exclusion for listing? And how are psychosocial issues managed for patients both before and after surgery? Host Dr. Aaron Carroll's guest is Dr. Audrey Krause, assistant professor of clinical psychology at the Indiana University School of Medicine.
          From the Waiting List to Recovery: Lifestyle Aspects of Transplantation         
Host: Aaron Carroll, MD
Guest: Patricia Scott, PhD
Transplantation offers patients a new lease on life, but the process of waiting before and recovering after a transplant can take their toll. Host Dr. Aaron Carroll is joined by Dr. Patricia Scott, who studies occupational role transitions throughout the liver transplantation process at Indiana University, to discusses the challenges patients face and their quality of life before and after transplantation. Dr. Scott also talks about how healthcare providers can help foster a better quality of life for patients surrounding transplantation.
           Πώς να αποκτήσετε πρόσβαση στο 90% του εγκεφάλου σας που δεν χρησιμοποιείτε        

Έχουμε διαβάσει και ακούσει πολλές φορές πως δεν χρησιμοποιούμε όλο το δυναμικό του εγκεφάλου μας και πως μόνο ένα κλάσμα των δυνάμεων του νου μας χρησιμοποιείται στην καθημερινότητά μας.

Η χρησιμοποίηση όλου του δυναμικού του νου μας θα πρόσθετε στην προσωπικότητά μας μια τεράστια δημιουργική δύναμη. Το ερώτημα που ανακύπτει είναι πώς θα αποκτήσουμε πρόσβαση σε αυτές τις δημιουργικές δυνάμεις;

Στην αιχμαλωσία του νου

Η δημιουργική δύναμη του νου είναι προσβάσιμη μόνο στο εδώ και στο τώρα. Πρέπει να ζούμε στο παρόν και να επικεντρώνουμε τις ενέργειές μας στη συγκεκριμένη στιγμή ώστε να μπορούμε πράγματι να ζούμε τη ζωή μας στο έπακρο, να είμαστε παρόντες στη ζωή και να έχουμε πρόσβαση στις δημιουργικές δυνάμεις του νου.

Μπορούμε μόνο να απολαμβάνουμε την ευτυχία και την απόλαυση της τωρινής στιγμής. Αν ο νους μας περιπλανιέται στα μονοπάτια του παρελθόντος και του μέλλοντος, οι ευκαιρίες που είναι ανοιχτές για εμάς στο παρόν θα κλείσουν και δεν θα μπορούμε να έχουμε πρόσβαση στις δημιουργικές δυνάμεις του νου. Αντίθετα, θα βρεθούμε να είμαστε αιχμάλωτοι του νου.

Το να είμαστε αιχμάλωτοι του νου σημαίνει πως είτε είμαστε φυλακισμένοι του παρελθόντος μας, είτε ζούμε υπό την επήρεια ενός φανταστικού μέλλοντος. Αν κατά τη διάρκεια που είμαστε ξύπνιοι οι σκέψεις μας γυρίζουν γύρω από το παρελθόν ή το μέλλον μας, τις περισσότερες φορές δεν θα μπορούμε να ενεργήσουμε όταν θα είναι απαραίτητο στις ευκαιρίες του παρόντος.

Τις περισσότερες φορές, ο νους μας είναι κλειδωμένος στη φυλακή του παρελθόντος από ένα γεγονός, το αποτέλεσμα του οποίου μας ήταν δυσάρεστο. Οι σκέψεις μας τριγυρνούν σε αυτό το γεγονός, θα θέλαμε πολύ να αλλάξουμε τον ρου των γεγονότων ή ανησυχούμε για το τι θα σκεφτούν οι άλλοι για εμάς λόγω της ανάρμοστης συμπεριφοράς μας σε εκείνη την παρελθοντική στιγμή.

Ένας άλλος τρόπος να γίνουμε αιχμάλωτοι είναι όταν ο νους μας, μάς γοητεύει με ένα φανταστικό μέλλον ή με την εικόνα μιας επιθυμητής, ιδεώδους κατάστασης για εμάς. Τότε κινητοποιούμε όλες μας τις ενέργειες για να πραγματοποιήσουμε αυτές τις εικόνες και έχουμε την τάση να προσπερνάμε τις ευκαιρίες που μας προσφέρει το παρόν.

Κι ένας άλλος τρόπος που ο νους χρησιμοποιεί για να μας δέσει στο μέλλον είναι η μόνιμη ανησυχία μας για το τι πρόκειται να μας συμβεί. Φοβόμαστε το μέλλον. Ο νους μας συνεχώς δημιουργεί σενάρια, το αποτέλεσμα των οποίων είναι καταστροφικό για εμάς. Χάνουμε τη δουλειά μας, αρρωσταίνουμε, ο σύντροφός μας μάς αφήνει κλπ.

Μια χαρακτηριστική διάσταση της αιχμαλωσίας του νου είναι πως ο νους είναι στην ουσία απορριπτικός ή ακόμα και εχθρικός προς την παρούσα στιγμή. Συχνά πιστεύουμε πως κάτι δεν θα έπρεπε να συμβεί με αυτό τον τρόπο ή πως θα έπρεπε να βρισκόμαστε σε ένα καλύτερο μέρος. Αναρωτιόμαστε γιατί αυτά τα πράγματα συμβαίνουν συνεχώς σε εμάς. Ο νους μας βρίσκεται σε μια διαρκή πάλη με το παρόν και αυτή η πάλη είναι που μας κρατάει σε αιχμαλωσία.

Ζώντας στη φυλακή του νου δεν έχουμε τον έλεγχο της ζωής μας, απλά παρασυρόμαστε ανάμεσα στις ψευδαισθήσεις που δημιουργεί ο νους και τις περισσότερες φορές δεν μπορούμε να ενεργήσουμε στο παρόν.

Αποκτώντας πρόσβαση στις δημιουργικές δυνάμεις του νου

Ας δούμε λοιπόν τις νέες μεθόδους που μας επιτρέπουν να αποκτήσουμε πρόσβαση στις δημιουργικές δυνάμεις του νου και ταυτόχρονα μας βοηθούν να σπάσουμε τα δεσμά της αιχμαλωσίας του νου.

1. Πρέπει να ξεπεράσετε το παρελθόν. Κανείς δεν έχει καταφέρει να αλλάξει το παρελθόν, οπότε όλη η ενέργεια που χρησιμοποιείτε για να στοχαστείτε το παρελθόν πάει χαμένη. Αντίθετα, επικεντρώστε αυτή την ενέργεια στην παρούσα στιγμή, να είστε σε εγρήγορση και συνειδητά συνδεδεμένοι με όλα όσα βιώνετε στην παρούσα στιγμή.

2. Να μη φοβάστε το μέλλον από τη στιγμή που δεν είναι πραγματικό αλλά μια προβολή του νου. Μόνο το παρόν υπάρχει.

3. Είναι δυνατόν να κάνετε πραγματικότητα τα σχέδιά σας για το μέλλον μόνο μέσα από τις τωρινές σας ενέργειες. Μόνο στην παρούσα στιγμή μπορείτε να κάνετε κάτι που θα επηρεάσει το μέλλον σας. Να είστε προσεκτικοί όμως και μη θυσιάσετε τις ευκαιρίες του παρόντος στο βωμό ενός φανταστικού μέλλοντος ή της εικόνας μιας ιδεώδους κατάστασης. Αν είστε πραγματικά παρόντες στο εδώ και στο τώρα και μπορείτε να είστε χαρούμενοι, δεν θα έχετε πρόβλημα ούτε στο μέλλον. Το μέλλον είναι κι εκείνο απλά ένα παρόν.

4. Αποδεχθείτε το παρόν όπως είναι και μη μάχεστε εναντίον του. Μη βλέπετε την παρούσα στιγμή σαν εχθρό σας και μην την κρίνετε. Παραιτηθείτε από τον αγώνα και απλά να είστε παρόντες στο εδώ και στο τώρα. Δώστε συνειδητή προσοχή σε οτιδήποτε συμβαίνει μπροστά σας, στην παρούσα στιγμή.

Συγγραφέας: Frank A. Wanderer PhD (καθηγητής ψυχολογίας, συνειδητός ερευνητής και συγγραφέας, themindunleashed.org)
Μετάφραση: Νίκος Πνευματικός, για την Εστία της Θεραπείας, healinghome.gr
Αφύπνιση Συνείδησης, tilegrafima.gr

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Speaker:  Matthew Schwarzkopf, PhD Candidate, Department of Wood Science & Engineering
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          LA GENTE DE PAZ EN GUERRA CONTRA LOS INFRARREALISTAS        
Este episodio de la historia de la literatura mexicana empezó en mayo de 2014 debido a la publicación de una antología: Perros habitados por las voces del desierto (430 páginas) en Aldus, de Rubén Medina, y siguió en agosto, con una entrevista con el compilador y en diciembre seguía resonando en las páginas de una revista del D.F., Letras libres.

UNO
Un boletín del Museo del Chopo, enviado por la oficina de difusión cultural de la Unam, informaba:

“Perros habitados por las voces del desierto: Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos”, de Rubén Medina, antología que reúne por primera vez a 19 de los poetas latinoamericanos pertenecientes al infrarrealismo. Incluye a José Rosas Ribeyro, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, Roberto Bolaño, Édgar Artaud Jarry, Víctor Monjaraz, Jorge Hernández Piel Divina, Pedro Damián Bautista, Ramón Méndez, Rubén Medina, Mara Larrosa, José Peguero, Rafael Catana, Cuauhtémoc Méndez, Bruno Montané, Claudia Kérik, Óscar Altamirano, Guadalupe Ochoa, Juan Esteban Harrington y Mario Raúl Guzmán.

DOS
El lunes 19 de mayo, otra nota de prensa, más amplia, anunciaba que la presentación del libro sería el 28 de mayo, que los presentadores serían Rubén Medina, José Paguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Pedro Damián, Mario Raúl Guzmán, Gerardo González y Juan Esteban Harrington, y que habría música interpretada por Armando Rosas, Rafael Catana y Baldíos.

“La antología Perros habitados por las voces del desierto. Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos, a cargo de Rubén Medina, reúne textos de 19 escritores pertenecientes al infrarrealismo, movimiento del que hasta hace algunos años se sabía muy poco a causa de su posición crítica y algunas veces abiertamente hostil hacia la cultura oficial. La actividad se inscribe en el marco de Literatura expandida.
Bajo el sello editorial Aldus, el libro presenta el trabajo de los poetas José Rosas Ribeyro, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, Roberto Bolaño, Édgar Artaud Jarry, Víctor Monjarás, Jorge Hernández Piel Divina, Pedro Damián Bautista, Ramón Méndez, Rubén Medina, Mara Larrosa, José Peguero, Rafael Catana, Cuauhtémoc Méndez, Bruno Montané, Claudia Kérik, Óscar Altamirano, Guadalupe Ochoa, Juan Esteban Harrington y Mario Raúl Guzmán. Cabe mencionar que una tercera parte de los poemas incluidos se publican por primera vez.
La publicación cuenta con la introducción, selección y notas de Rubén Medina, poeta mexicano-chicano y uno de los fundadores del movimiento infrarrealista. Vive desde finales de la década de los setenta en Estados Unidos, donde es profesor en la Universidad de Wisconsin-Madison.
El movimiento infrarrealista surgió en México en 1975 durante el proceso de masificación de la educación superior, que comenzó en 1968, la politización de la cultura latinoamericana durante los setenta, la euforia por la revolución cubana y la crítica de la herencia estalinista y de la complicidad profesional de la izquierda oficial.
Para los integrantes de este movimiento las ciencias sociales no logran explicar en toda su amplitud la emergencia del infrarrealismo y de montones de subjetividades afines incluyendo la nueva dimensión que adquiere el cuerpo, el deseo, el cambio en la percepción de las otredades sexuales y étnicas, la crítica de la izquierda desde la izquierda y el colapso de las fronteras entre alta cultura y cultura popular en la transformación de los imaginarios y las estructuras de los sentimientos.
Los poemas incluidos no desmienten lo dicho ya que el sujeto lírico expresa su propia situación existencial, triangulada por las fuerzas que conforman su identidad y que incluyen las circunstancias del momento, la manera de ser y la acción ética como procedimiento vital “busco / ojeo / cavo / rasguño todo lo que sé / y lo que no sé / por encontrar las palabras exactas / las únicas / que pueden deletrear / mi auténtico aire salvaje / mi humano perdido”, Claudia Kerik.
Mara Larrosa, poeta incluida en dicha antología, escribe sobre la consideración de la vida desde su perspectiva biológica-social “no hemos alcanzado un grado superior de racionalidad para existir,  8600 millones de siglos para que tuviéramos uñas, tobillos, amor por los lápices, por la verdadera lucha social”.
Poemas de calor y de respiración entrecortada es lo que aporta Pedro Damián Bautista “A 165 kilómetros por hora me desintegraré”, así como otros de poetas salidos de las colonias-pueblo, de los hoyos de la modernidad periférica que ahora es una modernidad de contrabando.
La presentación de este libro se llevará a cabo en la cafetería del Museo Universitario del Chopo el miércoles 28 de mayo a las 20:00 horas.Entrada libre. Participan: Rubén Medina, José Paguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Pedro Damián, Mario Raúl Guzmán, Gerardo González y Juan Esteban Harringon.

TRES
El 26 de mayo, el periódico Enfoque publicó un despacho de Notimex:

Perros habitados por las voces del desierto. Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos”, antología a cargo de Rubén Medina, que reúne textos de 19 escritores pertenecientes a dicho movimiento poético, se presentará el próximo 28 de mayo en el Museo Universitario del Chopo.
Bajo el sello editorial Aldus, el libro da a conocer el trabajo de poetas como José Rosas Ribeyro, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, Roberto Bolaño, Édgar Artaud Jarry, Víctor Monjarás y Mario Raúl Guzmán, entre otros.
La publicación, un tercio de la cual es inédita, cuenta con la introducción, selección y notas de Rubén Medina, poeta mexicano-chicano y uno de los fundadores del movimiento infrarrealista fundado en la Ciudad de México, en 1975, por un grupo de poetas jóvenes.
Para los integrantes de este movimiento, las ciencias sociales no logran explicar en toda su amplitud la emergencia del infrarrealismo y de montones de subjetividades afines, incluyendo la nueva dimensión que adquiere el cuerpo, el deseo, el cambio en la percepción de las otredades sexuales y étnicas.
Mara Larrosa, poeta incluida en dicha antología, escribe sobre la consideración de la vida desde su perspectiva biológica-social y afirma que “no hemos alcanzado un grado superior de racionalidad para existir, ocho mil 600 millones de siglos para que tuviéramos uñas, tobillos, amor por los lápices, por la verdadera lucha social”.
Los poemas incluidos en la antología no desmienten lo dicho ya que el sujeto lírico expresa su propia situación existencial, triangulada por las fuerzas que conforman su identidad y que incluyen las circunstancias del momento, la manera de ser y la acción ética como procedimiento vital.
“Busco / ojeo / cavo / rasguño todo lo que sé / y lo que no sé / por encontrar las palabras exactas / las únicas / que pueden deletrear / mi auténtico aire salvaje / mi humano perdido”, expone la poeta Claudia Kerik.
Poemas de calor y de respiración entrecortada es lo que aporta el artista Pedro Damián Bautista en “A 165 kilómetros por hora me desintegraré”, así como otros poetas salidos de las colonias-pueblo, de los hoyos de la modernidad periférica que ahora es una modernidad de contrabando.
En la presentación del libro participarán Rubén Medina, José Paguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Pedro Damián, Mario Raúl Guzmán, Gerardo González y Juan Esteban Harrington.

CUATRO
Gabriela Cervantes y Mario Castro en Scribd

Un buen día hace unos 40 años, un grupo de jóvenes (clasemedieros, izquierdosos, hartos del régimen cultural y con dos chilenos y un peruano incluidos! decidieron formar un movimiento que prometía romperle la madre a Octavio Paz, el aún monolítico poeta del México contemporáneo (como forma de romperle la madre a la cultura oficial mexicana!). Reuniéronse para recopilar su poesía, hacer lecturas que terminaban en borracheras de proporciones y atmósferas dionisiacas, irrumpir en lecturas abiertas oficiales donde las palabras, en no pocas ocasiones, se catafixiaron por puños: el movimiento comenzó a invadir los “altos y refinados círculos culturales”).
Aun así, el infrarrealismo no nació en México: su concepción, por lo menos la base teórica, fue creada por el también chileno Roberto Matta, personaje iniciado, expulsado y perdonado por el surrealismo de Bretón). A finales de123, Matta entregó al poeta francés Jean Schuster una serie de notas guía, esquema de una ponencia presentada durante un congreso en la Cuba recién encaminada al socialismo; dichas notas fueron publicadas con comentarios del francés bajo el título de Développements sur l’infra-réalisme de Matta
en1970. Esta historia se cuenta aparte)

Probablemente, Roberto Bolaño —el narrador tan aclamado como escupido— supo de la existencia de este libro casi cuando se publicó. Como sea, ambos chilenos apostaban por una misma tendencia estética: la revolucionaria en su sentido más estricto. Siendo jóvenes en una Latinoamérica gobernada por dictaduras, más o menos viles, la opresión los conduce a revertir órdenes morales y políticos: su poesía no respeta la melosidad de un López Velarde ni mucho menos el frac con que visten los versos de un Paz preNobel; se aliena a la embriaguez de la calle que acompaña a los poemas de infraín Huerta o al sentimiento de extrañeza y automarginación propia de los
beatniks.

CINCO
La revista Siempre! incluye el 23 de agosto una amplia entrevista de Adriana Cortés Kiloffon

Se reúne a diecinueve poetas del movimiento infrarrealista fundado en 1975 por Rubén Medina, compilador del libro Perros habitados por las voces del desierto (Aldus, 2014) y catedrático de la Universidad de Wisconsin, quien se propuso desde sus inicios confrontar a los grupos de poder literarios. Medina vive desde hace 37 años en Estados Unidos integrado a la comunidad chicana y latina. Roberto Bolaño, además de una veintena de poetas (Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, José Vicente Anaya, José Rosas Ribeyro, Bruno Montané, Juan Esteban Harrigton, Mara Larrosa, Gelles Lebrija, José Peguero, Guadalupe Ochoa, Jorge Hernández, entre otros) participaron en este movimiento y salieron de México para “buscar otros espacios de acción y supervivencia, lugares que al menos nos permitieran mantener la dignidad, y poder existir fuera o al margen de las mafias y grupos de poder literario”, de acuerdo con Medina.

—El desierto, el callejón sin salida, los márgenes son imágenes claves en el infrarrealismo, según lo dice en la introducción. ¿La poesía: una salida a ese callejón? ¿Un oasis en el desierto?

—La poesía no es una “salida” sino una forma de navegar por ese desierto, una manera de entrar al callejón sin salida y habitar los márgenes, y ocupar el centro temporalmente. La metáfora del oasis tiene una dimensión romántica en el imaginario y supone siempre una realidad de excepción a lo ordinario; es el espacio de revelación y conciencia que crea o descubre una individualidad “privilegiada” que es el poeta. Aunque, por otra parte, sí podría ser un “oasis” pero en el sentido que Baudelaire da en su poema “Le voyage”, como ese lugar del horror en el desierto del aburrimiento, un oasis de horror en el centro de la vida cotidiana. Es decir, Baudelaire invierte o convulsiona la metáfora de la tradición romántica, y tal inversión proporciona otra conceptualización del poeta.

—La vida como arte / El arte como vida: ¿la consigna del infrarrealismo?

—Se trata de mover nuevamente el arte o la poesía a la vida, de asumirlosde esa manera, pues la institución busca mayormente domesticar el arte, separarlo de lo que verdaderamente importa (y que esto implica considerar toda clase de problemas humanos y sociales).

—¿Cuál es el papel de Papasquiaro en la consolidación del infrarrealismo?

—Es, por supuesto, clave. Mario regresa de Europa e Israel a finales de 1978 y reagrupa a los infras que se habían quedado en México, cuando ya nos habíamos ido del país Bruno Montané, Roberto Bolaño, José Rosas Ribeyro y yo. La existencia y continuidad del infrarrealismo se debe mayormente a él, pues durante los años ochenta varios poetas se suman al grupo, precisamente por la labor de Mario. En los noventa asimismo crea las ediciones Al este del paraíso. Su labor es consistente durante tres décadas. Y aún antes de que emerja el infrarrealismo Mario introduce la actividad neo-vanguardista en México a principios de los setenta; de hecho en enero de 1974 publica Zarazo, una revista informada por la actividad del surrealismo, dadaísmo, los Beat, Hora Zero, los situacionistas, y la teoría marxista posterior a 1968. Mario nunca se desvía de este camino que emprende cuando apenas cuenta con dieciocho años. Por eso digo en la introducción de Perros habitados que él es la figura radical de la neo-vanguardia latinoamericana.

—¿Qué significado tiene “Déjenlo todo, nuevamente” de Bolaño para el infrarrealismo?

—Es una reconsideración crítica de las vanguardias históricas y el punto de partida del infrarrealismo como movimiento y colectivo. Ahí se expone, telegráficamente, la ética y estética del infrarrealismo. Ese manifiesto emerge durante las caminatas diarias y discusiones de varios miembros del grupo, y a la necesidad de exponer algunas ideas básicas. Roberto tomaba notas, discutía, nos leía párrafos de lo que había escrito la noche anterior, y cada uno opinaba o elaboraba a partir de lo que se decía. Lo publicamos cuando Peguero y yo sacamos el primer y único número de Correspondencia infra en 1977.

—¿La publicación de Los detectives salvajes de Roberto Bolaño por una parte recrea “una mitología seductora del infrarrealismo, y por otra convierte al infrarrealismo en un hueso bastante manoseado y duro de roer”?

—La novela de Bolaño captura aspectos importantes del infrarrealismo, y cobra ahí una existencia, complejidad y proyección (si bien ficticia y por ello enormemente más poderosa) que se le había negado en México y que muchos ignoraban. La novela inmediatamente tiene una recepciónestupenda en todas partes del mundo hispánico y los lectores (sobre todo jóvenes) se entusiasman con la novela y las aventuras de sus miembros e integrantes. Se adentran en la polifonía de la novela y ésta los invita a la aventura y los caminos, a repensar la literatura, la poesía en el mundo actual, el riesgo, las cuestiones éticas, el amor y la sexualidad.

—¿Por qué Bolaño introduce en esta novela a la poeta Concha Urquiza como personaje?

—Creo que al leer a Bolaño hay que entender su inmensa habilidad y creatividad ficcional, esto es, el modo en que toma lo real o histórico y lo adapta para sus propios fines. Eso es típico de su narrativa. Cesárea como personaje en la novela ofrece una manera de reconsiderar la vanguardia histórica a través de la experiencia de una mujer y poeta marginada, perdida por el norte de México; es como imaginar la figura femenina en México de César Vallejo, el más complejo y original de los vanguardistas latinoamericanos, a la que buscan los visceralrealistas a fin de poder descifrar los misterios de la poesía y de la vanguardia. Todo esto a fin de liberarse de ese pasado, y asumir plenamente su orfandad, una nueva y emergente subjetividad. Este tránsito se puede ver al comparar esas dos figuras fundamentales en la novela: Cesárea Tinajero y María Font. Vanguardia y neovanguardia.


SEIS
Y en diciembre, David Medina Portillo publica un artículo, “Vanguardias de salón”. Sobre este autor la revista incluye una tarjeta de presentación: nació en la Ciudad de México en 1963, es poeta, ensayista y editor. Y también es “editor-in-chief de la revista bilingüe Literal: Latin American Voices”.

Como toda vanguardia que se respete, el infrarrealismo tuvo una vida breve y, según José Vicente Anaya, murió de muerte natural hacia finales de los años setenta. Sin embargo, para Rubén Medina, responsable de esta antología, el infrarrealismo no es una vanguardia cualquiera sino un fenómeno heterodoxo, una suerte de revolución permanente destinada a poner de cabeza el panorama de la poesía tal y como se concibe en nuestro medio local-global contemporáneo. Contra la realidad endémica y atávica de una tradición excluyente, mafiosa y oficiosa que durante décadas y décadas ha contado con “todos los recursos de una nación” (sí, señor) y que, en esa medida, se reparte puestos y canonjías perpetuándose dentro de las intrincada redes del poder en México, el infrarrealismo se ha propuesto, desde su fundación en 1975, como “la aventura, el callejón sin salida, una nueva ética del escritor, el nomadismo, el constante movimiento entre los márgenes y los centros, la crítica y la autocrítica; experiencias todas ellas que deben definir más profundamente a los poetas y la poesía en la época contemporánea”. Todo un plan de acción maestro, como se ve, lo suficientemente espeso como para que cualquiera entienda lo que sea; entre otras cosas que el infrarrealismo no-está-de-vuelta porque, para ser honestos, nunca se fue.

En efecto, la intención principal –si no es que única– de Perros habitados por las voces del desierto es llamar la atención sobre cómo el infrarrealismo es capaz de reinventarse y reaparecer hoy bajo un carácter de neovanguardia post. Según Rubén Medina la revuelta de los ismos históricos (dadaísmo, futurismo, surrealismo, etcétera) nunca sobrepasó los márgenes de la página; las vanguardias sesenteras y setenteras, en cambio, pusieron todo su empeño en fundir vida y poesía. Las casi sesenta páginas del prólogo reclaman para sí esa herencia y, siguiendo en más de un sentido los ejemplos de la Internacional Situacionista, aspiran a reconstituir el infrarrealismo actualizando, en pleno siglo XXI, ya no una insurrección utópica a la vieja usanza sino un arte pro, experimental y multidisciplinario, como quizá habría querido Guy Debord. De este modo, la antología reúne a diecinueve infras con obras tan tempranas como Reinventar el amor (Martín Pescador, 1976), de Roberto Bolaño, hasta el recientísimo Mapas de bolsillo (Tajamar Editores, 2014), de Bruno Montané. En el arco que va del invisible Bolaño a Montané, Rubén Medina recurre a algunos libros marginales –de cartoneras e incluso inéditos– lo mismo que a un gran número de títulos publicados con presupuestos universitarios y del Estado y, en un solo caso, el de Bolaño, bajo sellos globales como Random House (Lumen) o independientes y trasatlánticos como Anagrama y Acantilado. En este contexto, la probable vigencia del infrarrealismo estaría en relación directa con su inquebrantable vocación nómada, la que le ha permitido no solo atravesar el siglo sino adoptar y adaptarse a los previsibles tópicos de la posestética. Qué importa si, en su momento, Bolaño y Papasquiaro hablaron del infrarrealismo como un episodio fechado y dejado atrás.

El proyecto de un infrarrealismo activo es una posibilidad tentadora. Sin embargo, apenas si resiste la prueba de un sentido común mínimo. En efecto, Rubén Medina hace hincapié en una “nueva radicalidad”, determinada por una fuerte conciencia de la realidad y del papel del “productor de cultura” en la sociedad, lo que conduciría a una “ética de la vida diaria” que, supongo, también es nueva. De acuerdo con esto, el poeta infra se definiría por “una vida precaria pero no como precondición de su verdadera identidad y búsqueda (no estamos en tiempos de san Juan de la Cruz, ni tampoco se puede entender el infrarrealismo solamente a través de un esquema de clase social), sino como resultado de mantener una ética en la impositiva economía del mundo moderno global”. Dicho de otro modo, no tenemos por qué vivir como Darío Galicia, el infra de quien corrían leyendas sobre su trepanación (por lo demás cierta, hay poema de Bolaño al respecto), y al que solo Huberto Batis tenía la extravagancia de publicar en el suplemento Sábado de los años ochenta. Al parecer, Darío quiso fundar el primer partido comunista homosexual mexicano y alcanzó a publicar un solo libro, La ciencia de la tristeza, antes de apagarse en el anonimato, según testimonio del también infra Uriel Martínez. ¿Podríamos imaginar a Darío Galicia como autor de Perros habitados por las voces del desierto. Poesía infrarrealista entre dos siglos? Esto o algo parecido sería lo lógico. Pero no nos engañemos, en su nueva versión el infarrealismo no exige una marginalidad patética y patente. Quizá por ello, Darío ni siquiera aparece en esta antología, pese a que Bolaño lo consideraba el mejor poeta entre los infrarrealistas, junto con Mario Santiago. Aunque ya sabemos, Bolaño dijo tantas cosas, contradictorias entre sí muchas veces. La cuestión es que Rubén Medina es un PhD adscrito al área internacional de la Universidad de Wisconsin, en donde asiste como director del Global Cultures Certificate Program. Ejerciendo una ley no escrita característica de la academia en general y de la norteamericana en particular, desde ahí puede suscribir el discurso de la marginalidad y hasta manifestarse como antisistémico, siempre y cuando sea gracias al mismo sistema. ¿Hace falta decirlo? Si al igual que las vanguardias de principios del siglo XX el infrarrealismo “histórico” emergió espontáneamente, las neovanguardias de hoy parecen inconcebibles fuera del claustro universitario, las fundaciones y demás circuitos institucionales encargados de la “producción de cultura”. Para algunos de los fans del infrarrealismo la antología de Rubén Medina es todo un acontecimiento. Heriberto Yépez ha celebrado el volumen como una de las “obras literarias más importantes publicadas en México en esta época”, junto con su prólogo, “uno de los ensayos más completos que haya escrito un poeta mexicano en los últimos cuarenta años. […] Sospecho que vienen en camino otros ovnis”. Sin embargo, ahí donde Yépez ha comenzado a presentir ovnis yo apenas si puedo ver algo más que los despropósitos de una vanguardia de salón.

José Vicente Anaya dejó atrás el infrarrealismo y siguió escribiendo ya solo como José Vicente Anaya. Por simple lógica no cupo en esta antología. A Darío Galicia, acaso igual que a otros infras excluidos por Rubén Medina, lo condenó su propia radicalidad extenuada hasta el anonimato. Con Roberto Bolaño sucedió lo contrario: la demasiada fama nos privó de verlo aparecer en esta antología y de sus poemas aparecen solo los títulos seleccionados pero no el texto. Tales ausencias me parecen un tropo estupendo: el infrarrealismo se hace a un lado..., viva el infrarrealismo.

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Anónimo (no verificado) - Diciembre 23, 2014.
Dos modestas aclaraciones: 1. Darío Galicia nunca fue infrarrealista, sólo era un amigo. La confusión viene a partir del personaje Ernesto San Epifanio de Los detectives salvajes. La novela está inspirada en un grupo de amigos, pero no es la foto o crónica maniquea de ese grupo, ni tampoco del infrarrealismo, como casi todo el mundo, leyendo mal la novela, ha aceptado o querido creer. 2. Uriel Martínez tampoco fue infrarrealista.

Elmer Werner (no verificado) - Diciembre 19, 2014.
no poems? just gossip? Vileness.

Nibaldo (no verificado) - Diciembre 19, 2014.Sin ninguna duda, Perros habitados por las voces del desierto es una antología crítica de un alto nivel reflexivo, histórico y estético, con gestos lúdicos provocativos, como el de dejar en blanco el espacio donde debieron estar los textos de Bolaño, con un vocabulario que roza lo insurrecto y con una estructura que permite engarzar una lectura que no se detiene, como no lo hace esta poesía. Celebro la publicación de un libro de tanta potencia poética y crítica, celebro que se distancie del típico texto hecho para agradar y evitar la discusión. Celebro, por último, que haya llegado a manos de un crítico que, sin mucha astucia, a través de su desprecio, solo logra exhibir lo que el poder sigue creyendo y temiendo del Infrarrealismo.

El episodio no termina aquí, sigue con el mismo reseñista Medina Portilla, quien ya se había ocupado, en 2013, de uno de los autores infrarrealistas, Mario Santiago Papasquiaro, lo agrego. Arte & basura, selección y prólogo de Luis Felipe Fabre (Almadía, 2012, 96 pp.)


OCHO
Papasquiaro es una leyenda alentada por Bolaño, un mal sueño de Ulises Lima que –mira tú– no acredita en Anagrama. Un bardo, habitualmente convulso entre lumpen y dadá, envuelto hoy en el incienso de una mistificación que subvierte al intratable en víctima: nuestro olvidado en la república de las letras. Arte & basura, libro de Papasquiaro solo gracias a la “curaduría” de Luis Felipe Fabre, es el capítulo más reciente y más pretencioso de esta mistificación.

Qué incómodo ver al curador empeñado en acentuar la afectación retórica: “Papasquiaro es un topónimo adoptado como apellido en homenaje al escritor José Revueltas pues así se llamaba el lugar donde nació: ¡literatura!” Tras la exclamación, el personaje reaparece como un as del terrorismo cultural y el adefesio. Como si Mario Santiago Papasquiaro (Ciudad de México, 1953-1998) recayera en la lírica solo por sus azotes heavy y no como el crispado desdén, precisamente, a la literatura y sus instituciones. Arte & basura es un conjunto heterogéneo de materiales, entre textos sueltos e “intervenciones”: poemas y anotaciones escritos al margen o sobre libros, revistas, boletos, servilletas, envolturas, etc. Claro, al infrarrealista jamás se le ocurrió un paquete así. Pero el propósito de Fabre al darle forma de libro fue evidenciar que para Papasquiaro la poesía fue una manera de estar en el mundo antes que una vocación convenenciera. El resultado es una distracción estetizante. El impresentable resuelto en artista conceptual, por si las moscas. Su manera de estar en el mundo, la de un coqueto adorno para la mesilla de centro. 

Previsiblemente, Fabre no deja pasar la ocasión de amonestar y enmendar la “historia oficial” de la poesía mexicana en el último siglo. Ya se sabe, la fastidiosa lucha entre buenos y malos contada –otra vez– desde los lugares comunes de la épica contestataria. Papasquiaro es poco más que la excusa para reactivar la disputa en esa esquina tan socorrida a últimas fechas, la obra de Roberto Bolaño y su equívoca genealogía, del estridentismo al infrarrealismo.

El curador advierte en el prólogo que el texto le importa menos que el contexto: si cambia, quizá los personajes retornen transformados. Hay que renovar no solo las formas de escribir ahora, afirma Fabre, sino también la idea de cómo se escribió antes. ¿Reinventar una tradición otra, como haría un Borges trasudando postestructuralismo? Bastaría con recurrir a algunas de las santísimas oposiciones de rigor: Estridentismo vs. Contemporáneos, Efraín Huerta vs. Octavio Paz. O de otro modo: proletarios vs. exquisitos, populacheros vs. cosmopolitas. Etcétera. Con el subterfugio, claro, de suplir la historia por un puñado de anécdotas. Una cuenta que el Estridentismo fue algo más que una versión periférica de las vanguardias: una insurrección frontal a los poderes dominantes de la poesía y su filántropo mecenas, el Estado. List Arzubide puede presumir así al desinformado empíreo, en contra de Contemporáneos: “opusimos nuestra gran risa despreciativa y altanera, que todavía duele a los poetas de los ministerios que, usufructuando el favor del Estado, no fueron capaces sino de adquirir una gloria de papel” (El movimiento estridentista). Pero cualquier monografía básica registra que en 1925 Maples Arce despachaba como secretario de Estado en Veracruz y una hojeada a la revista Horizonte (1926-1927; FCE, 2011) regala al lector con loas a estadios y carreteras. El delirio más bien charro de una Estridentópolis en Xalapa, sufragado por el gobernador Heriberto Jara.

Corre la especie de que Bolaño se la jugó arrebatando del olvido la rijosa leyenda del estridentismo. Según La era de la discrepancia (2007), el libro de Cuauhtémoc Medina y Olivier Debroise sobre las vanguardias artísticas de los años setenta en México, los infrarrealistas “fueron publicados en Plural, la revista de Octavio Paz, [aunque] pronto el grupo fue marginado por su afán de provocación contra las mafias literarias”. Falso: la revista en que Bolaño firma, en los números 61 y 62, una semblanza, digamos, lírica del estridentismo y una en
          kumpulan kata-kata mutiara indah        


1.      LOVE IS A GAME THAT TWO CAN PLAY AND BOTH WIN – EVA GABOR (Cinta itu sebuah permainan yang dimainkan oleh dua orang dan dimenangkan oleh dua orang tersebut)
2.      LOVE IS THAT CONDITION IN WHICH THE HAPPINESS OF ANOTHER PERSON IS ESSENTIAL TO YOUR OWN - ROBERT A. HEINLEIN (Cinta adalah suatu kondisi di mana kebahagiaan orang lain menjadi penting bagi kebahagiaanmu)
3.      LOVE IS LIKE THE WIND, YOU CAN'T SEE IT BUT YOU CAN FEEL IT - NICHOLAS SPARKS (Cinta itu seperti angin, kau tidak bisa melihatnya tapi kau bisa merasakannya)
4.      THE GREATER THE LOVE, THE GREATER THE TRAGEDY WHEN IT'S OVER - NICHOLAS SPARKS (Semakin besar rasa cinta, semakin besar pula tragedinya ketika cinta itu berakhir)
5.      THERE IS ALWAYS SOME MADNESS IN LOVE. BUT THERE IS ALSO ALWAYS SOME REASON IN MADNESS - FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE (Selalu ada kegilaan dalam cinta. Tapi juga selalu ada alasan dalam kegilaan)
6.      LOVE IS NOT WHAT THE MIND THINKS BUT WHAT THE HEART FEELS – GREG EVANS (Cinta itu bukan apa yang dipikirkan oleh akal; tapi cinta adalah apa yang dirasakan oleh hati)
7.      TO LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF BEING LOVED IS HUMAN, BUT TO LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF LOVING IS ANGELIC – ALPHONSE DE LEMARTINE (Mencintai demi dicintai itu sifat manusia, tapi mencintai demi mencintai itu sifat malaikat)
8.      DO WHAT YOU LOVE AND THE MONEY WILL FOLLOW – MARSHA SINETAR (Kerjakan apa yang kau cintai dan uang akan mengikuti)
9.      LIFE HAS TAUGHT US THAT LOVE DOES NOT CONSIST IN GAZING AT EACH OTHER, BUT LOOKING OUTWARD TOGETHER IN THE SAME DIRECTION – ANTOINE DE SAINT-EXUPERY (Hidup telah mengajarkan kita bahwa cinta tidak berisi "saling memandang", tapi cinta berisi "bersama-sama melihat satu arah yang sama")
10.  BE GLAD OF LIFE BECAUSE IT GIVES YOU THE CHANCE TO LOVE, TO WORK, TO PLAY AND TO LOOK UP AT THE STARS – HENRY VAN DYKE (Syukurilah hidup, karena hidup memberimu kesempatan untuk mencintai, bekerja, bermain dan memandang bintang-bintang)
11.  LOVE AND EGGS ARE BEST WHEN THEY ARE FRESH - RUSSIAN PROVERB (Cinta dan telur itu sangat baik jika keduanya masih segar)
12.  LOVE MAKES THE TIME PASS. TIME MAKES LOVE PASS – FRENCH PROVERB (Cinta bisa membuat waktu terlewati. Dan Waktu pun bisa membuat cinta terlewati)
13.  A WOMAN WHO PRETENDS TO LAUGH AT LOVE IS LIKE A CHILD WHO SINGS AT NIGHT WHEN HE IS AFRAID – ANONYMOUS (Seorang wanita yang berpura-pura menertawai cinta itu seperti seorang anak kecil yang menangis di malam hari karena ketakutan)
14.  CHILDREN NEED LOVE, ESPECIALLY WHEN THEY DON'T DESERVE IT – ANONYMOUS (Anak-anak membutuhkan cinta, khususnya ketika mereka tidak layak mendapatkannya)
15.  HE WHO TRIES TO FORGET A WOMAN, NEVER LOVED HER – ANONYMOUS (Seorang pria yang mencoba melupakan perempuan, berarti ia tak pernah mencinta perempuan tersebut)
16.  IT IS BETTER TO HAVE LOVED AND LOST, THAN TO HAVE HATED AND WON – ANONYMOUS (Lebih baik pernah mencitai dan pernah kalah (dalam cinta), daripada pernah membenci dan menang (akan cinta).
17.  IT'S MUCH EASIER TO TURN A FRIENDSHIP INTO LOVE, THAN LOVE INTO FRIENDSHIP – ANONYMOUS (Lebih mudah mengubah persahabatan menjadi cinta, daripada mengubah cinta menjadi persahabatan)
18.  LONELY IS A MAN WITHOUT LOVE – ANONYMOUS (Kesunyian adalah seorang manusia tanpa cinta)
19.  LOVE CAN CURE HEARTBREAKS, MISFORTUNE, OR TRAGEDY. IT IS THE ETERNAL COMPANION – ANONYMOUS (Cinta dapat mengobati patah hati, kesialan, atau sebuah tragedi. Cinta itu sahabat abadi)
20.  LOVE HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH WHAT YOU ARE EXPECTING TO GET, IT'S WHAT YOU ARE EXPECTED TO GIVE ? WHICH IS EVERYTHING – ANONYMOUS (Cinta tidak memiliki apapun yang ingin kau dapatkan, tapi cinta memiliki semua yang ingin kau berikan)
21.  NO ONE IN LOVE IS FREE, OR WANTS TO BE – ANONYMOUS (Tidak ada seoarangpun orang yang jatuh cinta merasa bebas, atau ingin bebas)
22.  REMEMBER THAT GREAT LOVE AND GREAT ACHIEVEMENTS INVOLVE GREAT RISK – ANONYMOUS (Ingatlah bahwa cinta dan prestasi yang besar melibatkan resiko yang besar pula)
23.  SOMETIMES A NEW LOVE COMES BETWEEN OLD FRIENDS. SOMETIMES THE BEST LOVE WAS THE ONE THAT WAS ALWAYS THERE – ANONYMOUS (Terkadang cinta yang baru malah datang dari kawan lama. Terkadang kekasih yang baik adalah orang yang selalu ada untuk kita)
24.  THE HEART THAT LOVES IS ALWAYS YOUNG – ANONYMOUS (Hati yang mencinta itu akan selalu awet muda)
25.  TO BE LOVED IS TO LIVE FOREVER IN SOMEONE'S HEART – ANONYMOUS (Dicintai itu bermakna "Hidup abadi di hati seseorang")
26.  WE CAN DO NO GREAT THING, ONLY SMALL THINGS, WITH GREAT LOVE – ANONYMOUS (Kita hanya bisa melakukan hal-hal kecil dengan cinta yang besar)
27.  WE MAY GIVE WITHOUT LOVING, BUT WE CANNOT LOVE WITHOUT GIVING – ANONYMOUS (Kita mungkin memberi tanpa mencintai, tapi kita tidak akan mencintai tanpa memberi)
28.  WHERE WE LOVE IS TRULY HOME; HOME THAT OUR FEET MAY LEAVE, BUT NOT OUR HEARTS – OLIVER WINDELL HOLMES (Tempat yang paling kita cintai adalah rumah; rumah dimana kaki kita bisa saja meninggalkannya, tapi hati kita tak bisa melupakannya)
29.  WITHOUT LOVE INTELLIGENCE IS DANGEROUS; WITHOUT INTELLIGENCE LOVE IS NOT ENOUGH – ANONYMOUS (Tanpa cinta, kecerdasan itu berbahaya; dan tanpa kecerdasan, cinta itu tidak cukup)
30.  THINGS ARE BEAUTIFUL IF YOU LOVE THEM - JEAN ANOUILH (Segala hal itu akan indah jika kita mencintanya)
31.  LOVE SHOULD BE A VEHICLE ALLOWED TO TRAVEL WITHOUT LIMITATIONS - MARVIN J. ASHTON (Cinta seharusnya jadi kendaraan yang membawa kita bepergian tanpa batas)
32.  IT IS IMPOSSIBLE TO LOVE AND BE WISE - FRANCIS BACON (Sangat tidak mungkin mencintai dan sekaligus menjadi bijak)
33.  TRUE LOVE IS WHEN YOUR HEART AND YOUR MIND ARE SAYING THE SAME THING – LEANNA L. BARTRAM (Cinta sejati adalah ketika hatimu dan pikiranmu mengatakan hal yang sama)
34.  LOVE THY NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF, BUT CHOOSE YOUR NEIGHBORHOOD - LOUISE BEAL (Cintailah tetanggamu seperti mencintai dirimu sendiri; tapi pilihlan (baik-baik) tetanggamu itu)
35.  WE NEVER KNOW THE LOVE OF OUR PARENTS FOR US TILL WE HAVE BECOME PARENTS -HENRY WARD BEECHER (Kita tidak akan tahu rasa cinta kedua orangtua kita (terhadap kita), sampai kita menjadi orang tua)
36.  THE MOST IMPORTANT THINGS TO DO IN THE WORLD ARE TO GET SOMETHING TO EAT, SOMETHING TO DRINK AND SOMEBODY TO LOVE YOU - BRENDAN BEHAN (Hal yang paling penting dilakukan di dunia ini adalah mendapatkan makanan, minuman dan seseorang yang mencintaimu)
37.  LOVE LOOKS THROUGH A TELESCOPE; ENVY, THROUGH A MICROSCOPE - JOSH BILLINGS (Cinta melihat melalui Teleskop, sedang "cemburu", melihat melalui mikroskop)
38.  AFTER OBSERVING THE LOVED AND THE UNLOVED, WE FOUND THE LOVED ONES RARELY TRIED TO MANIPULATE OTHERS - W. W. BROADBENT, MD, PHD (Setelah meneliti orang yang dicintai dan orang yang tidak dicintai, kami menemukan orang yang dicintai jarang sekali mencoba menipu orang lain)
39.  WHERE THERE IS GREAT LOVE, THERE ARE ALWAYS MIRACLES - WILLA SIBERT CATHER (Di mana ada cinta yang besar, pasti selalu ada keajaiban)
40.  BETTER TO LOVE AMISS THAN NOTHING TO HAVE LOVED - GEORGE CRABBE (Lebih baik keliru mencintai daripada tidak pernah sama sekali merasakan cinta)
41.  OVERCOME THE DEVILS WITH A THING NAMED LOVE – BOB MARLEY (Atasi setan yang bernama "CINTA")
42.  WHEN YOU SIT WITH A NICE GIRL FOR TWO HOURS, YOU THINK IT’S ONLY A MINUTE. BUT WHEN YOU SIT ON A HOT STOVE FOR A MINUTE, YOU THINK ITS TWO HOURS. THAT’S RELATIVITY – ALBERT EINSTEIN (Ketika kau duduk dengan seorang gadis cantik selama dua jam, kau merasa itu cuma semenit. Tapi ketika kau duduk di atas perapian (kompor), kau merasa itu dua jam. Itulah yang dinamakan hukum relativitas)
43.  LOVE IS COMPOSED OF A SINGLE SOUL INHABITING TWO BODIES – ARISTOTLE (Cinta dibentuk oleh satu jiwa yang dihuni oleh dua raga)
44.  THOUSANDS OF CANDLES CAN BE LIGHTED FROM A SINGLE CANDLE, AND THE LIFE OF THE CANDLE WILL NOT BE SHORTENED. HAPPINESS NEVER DECREASES BY BEING SHARED – BUDDHA (Ribuan lilin bisa dinyalakan dengan satu lilin, dan hidup lilin tidak akan pendek. Kebahagiaan tidak akan berkurang meski setiap saat dibagi-bagi)
45.  HATRED DOES NOT CEASE BY HATRED, BUT ONLY BY LOVE; THIS IS THE ETERNAL RULE – BUDDHA (Kebencian tidak akan berhenti dengan kebencian lagi; hanya dengan cinta; ini adalah aturan yang abadi)
46.  EVER HAS IT BEEN THAT LOVE KNOWS NOT ITS OWN DEPTH UNTIL THE HOUR OF SEPARATION – KAHLIL GIBRAN (Cinta tidak akan pernah diketahui kedalamannya sampai (merasakan) jam-jam perpisahan)
47.  LIFE WITHOUT LOVE IS LIKE A TREE WITHOUT BLOSSOM AND FRUIT – KAHLIL GIBRAN (Hidup tanpa cinta itu ibarat pohon tanpa bunga dan buah)
48.  IF YOU LOVE SOMEBODY, LET THEM GO, FOR IF THEY RETURN, THEY WERE ALWAYS YOURS. AND IF THEY DON’T, THEY NEVER WERE – KAHLIL GIBRAN (Jika kau mencintai seseorang, biarkanlah ia pergi; karena jika ia kembali, ia akan menjadi milikmu. Namun jika dia tidak kembali, ia tidak pernah jadi milikmu)
49.  MY FATHER ALWAYS TOLD ME, "FIND A JOB YOU LOVE AND YOU'LL NEVER HAVE TO WORK A DAY IN YOUR LIFE." - JIM FOX (Ayahku salalu bilang padaku, "Carilah kerja yang kau cintai, dan kau tidak akan pernah (merasa) harus bekerja seharian dalam hidupmu")
50.  LOVE AND COUGH, CANNOT BE HID – GEORGE HERBERT (Cinta dan batuk (sama-sama) tidak bisa disembunyikan)
51.  LOVE IS ABSOLUTE LOYALTY. PEOPLE FADE, LOOKS FADE, BUT LOYALTY NEVER FADES. YOU CAN DEPEND SO MUCH ON CERTAIN PEOPLE – SYLVESTER STALLONE (Cinta itu kesetiaan yang mutlak. Orang-orang memudar, tampang memudar, tapi kesetiaan tidak akan pernah pudar. Kau bisa tergantung pada orang-orang tertentu)
52.  IF YOU WOULD BE LOVED, LOVE AND BE LOVABLE – BENJAMIN FRANKLIN (Jika kau ingin dicintai, cintailah dan jadilah orang yang bisa dicintai)
53.  THE COURSE OF TRUE LOVE NEVER DID RUN SMOOTH – WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE (Jalan [menuju] cinta sejati tidak akan pernah mulus)
54.  THERE IS ONE HAPPINESS IN LIFE—TO LOVE AND BE LOVED – GEORGE SAND (Tidak ada satu kebahagiaan dalam hidup, kecuali mencintai dan dicintai)
55.  WHEN YOU’RE IN LOVE YOU CAN’T FALL ASLEEP BECAUSE REALITY IS FINALLY BETTER THAN YOUR DREAMS – DR. SEUS (Ketika kau jatuh cinta, kau tidak akan bisa tertidur karena kenyataan akhirnya lebih (jelas) daripada mimpumu)
56.  YOU COME TO LOVE NOT BY FINDING THE PERFECT PERSON, BUT BY SEEING AN IMPERFECT PERSON PERFECTLY – SAM KEEN Kau mulai mencintai bukan karena menemukan seorang yang sempurna, tapi dengan sempurna melihat orang yang tak sempurna)
57.  THE BEST AND MOST BEAUTIFUL THINGS IN THE WORLD CANNOT BE SEEN OR EVEN TOUCHED. THEY MUST BE FELT WITH THE HEART – HELLEN KELLER (Hal-hal terbaik dan terindah di dunia ini tidak bisa dilihat atau disentuh. Semuanya itu harus dirasakan dengan hati)
58.  IN DREAMS AND IN LOVE THERE ARE NO IMPOSSIBILITIES – JANOS ARNAY (Dalam mimpi dan cinta, tidak ada yang namanya ketidakmungkinan)
59.  DO I LOVE YOU BECAUSE YOU’RE BEAUTIFUL, OR ARE YOU BEAUTIFUL BECAUSE I LOVE YOU? – OSCAR HAMMERSTEIN II (Apakah aku mencintaimu karena engkau cantik, atau apakah kau cantik karena aku mencintaimu?)
60.  WHERE THERE IS LOVE THERE IS LIFE – MOHANDAS K. GANDHI (Dimana ada cinta, disitu ada kehidupan)
61.  IN THE ARTHMETIC OF LOVE, ONE PLUS ONE EQUALS EVERYTHING, AND TWO MINUS ONE EQUALS NOTHINGS – MIGNON MCLAUGHLIN (Dalam ilmu Artmetika Cinta, satu tambah satu sama dengan segalanya; dan dua dikurangi satu sama dengan tidak ada)
62.  THE HARDEST THING TO DO IS WATCH THE ONE YOU LOVE, LOVES SOMEONE ELSE – ANONYMOUS (Hal paling berat 'tuk dilakukan adalah melihat orang yang kau cinta mencintai orang lain)
63.  IF YOU LOVE ME, LET ME KNOW. IF NOT, PLEASE LET ME GO – ANONYMOUS (Jika kau mencintaiku, biarkanlah aku tahu. Tapi jika tidak, tolong biarkan aku pergi)
64.  FALLING IN LOVE IS AWFULLY SIMPLE, BUT FALLING OUT OF LOVE IS SIMPLY AWFUL – ANONYMOUS (Jatuh cinta itu sangat sederhana, tapi jatuh karena cinta itu sungguh mengerikan)
65.  LOVE IS AN EMOTION EXPERIENCED BY THE MANY AND ENJOYED BY THE FEW – GEORGE JEAN NATHAN (Cinta adalah emosi yang dialami oleh banyak orang dan dinikmati oleh sedikit orang saja)
66.  LOVE IS AS MUCH AN OBJECT AS AN OBSESSION, EVERYBODY WANTS IT, EVERYBODY SEEKS IT, BUT FEW EVER ACHIEVE IT, THOSE WHO DO WILL CHERISH IT, BE LOST IN IT, AND AMONG ALL, NEVER FORGET IT – CURTIS JUDALET (Cinta itu adalah sebuah obyek seperti obsesi; setiap orang menginginkannya, setiap orang mencarinya, tapi sedikit orang yang mendapatkannya; orang yang pernah melakukannya akan selalu menghargai cinta, tersesat di dalamnya; dan tidak akan melupakannya)
67.  WHEN THE POWER OF LOVE OVERCOMES THE LOVE OF POWER, THEN THERE WILL BE TRUE PEACE - SRI CHIN MOI GOSH (Ketika kekuasaan cinta menguasai cinta kekuasaan, akan ada kedamaian sejati)
68.  IT IS NOT A LACK OF LOVE, BUT A LACK OF FRIENDSHIP THAT MAKES UNHAPPY MARRIAGES - FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE (Bukan karena kurang cinta, tapi kurang persahabatan yang membuat pernikahan tidak bahagia)
69.  LIFE IS LIKE A PHONE CALL WITH A LOVED ONE. WHEN IT IS CUT SHORT, WE REALIZE HOW MUCH OF IT WE HAVE WASTED - KLBSEAGUL (Hidup itu ibarat telepon dari sang kekasih. Ketika terputus tiba-tiba, kita sadar berapa banyak waktu yang telah disia-siakan)
70.  BEING DEEPLY LOVED BY SOMEONE GIVES YOU STRENGHT, WHILE LOVING SOMEONE DEEPLY GIVES YOU COURAGE - LAO TZU (Sangat dicintai oleh seseorang membuatmu memiliki kekuatan; sementara sangat mencintai seseorang membuatmu memiliki keberanian) 

          Masters of Useless        
NB: I originally wrote this for The Guardian's Academics Anonymous, but they passed. I am publishing it now because our students are graduating today, and they may want to think about incentives before they rush into masters programs. My thoughts here have nothing to do with official policy or perspective at Leiden University.

Millennials (born 1985-2005) should pay attention to 2002 and 2007. The first year coincides with implementation of Europe's Bologna Accords harmonizing higher education standards into three-year bachelors and one- or two-year masters programs. For some European countries, this meant chopping their traditional, longer programs for first university degrees into separate bachelors and masters degrees. Future students would be encouraged to take one degree in one university and their second -- should they not take a job -- at another university. This reform promised students a greater diversity in their education as well as graduate titles more familiar to North American academics and employers.

The year 2007 is important as the first year of the Great Recession, a time of falling housing prices, market panics, and political turmoil. For Millennials, the Great Recession has been a true disaster: under-25 unemployment rose faster than already intolerable average unemployment rates. Young graduates got to choose among unpaid internships, zero-hour temporary contracts, and staying home. Many bachelors graduates faced competition from masters graduates for the same jobs. Even worse, their parents -- the ones who had earned traditional, "rigorous" 6-year degrees -- didn't respect their training or ability.

You can see how going back for a masters looked like a good choice. It is thus unfortunate that these students may have getting a worse education than the university's promised or they expected.

The Bologna process meant that bachelors programs needed to recruit two cohorts of students every 6 years to maintain their budgets. This pressure meant that over-worked staff are more likely to promise what they cannot deliver. They could let bachelors students have an easy pass, since "the masters program is where you really finish your qualification."

Masters programs, likewise, needed to accept many applicants to pay for their programs -- and they  had to recruit an entire student body every year or two. Would they make sure that masters students worked hard and earned their degrees? Not if they were trying to fill seats. It was easier to let the students pass (even award them honors!) because every -- and any -- graduate provided revenue. So they started more and more masters (over 1,000 in the Netherlands), each promising a bold, keyword-laden future.

Who is responsible for who when reciprocation is unclear?
In the past, it had made sense to invest in relationships, training and reputation because the university and student worked as partners. The addition of a third wheel added well-known friction to those dynamics.

Turning from the administration, how did students and professors respond to the reforms?

For students, the logic was easy. They needed masters degrees and they were being praised for "excellent work." Some of them wanted to make sure they got a good education that would lead to good job, but how would they know? Their inexperience works against them.

Professors might have had more perspective on these changes, but they carried their own burdens. Some had to raise more funding, others needed to do more marketing of the school (or themselves). Everyone needed more (often worse) publications. The only students worth their time where PhD students (with funding!), so teaching took the hit. Could they do more to help their students find jobs? Maybe, but perhaps that was someone else's job? Their divided priorities mean lower quality teaching.

So now we arrive at a rising threat to educational excellence, with students getting shunted through shoddy bachelors and masters programs by universities trying to fill seats, professors worried about other things, and parents hoping  their children would learn find jobs. What about employers and taxpayers? Employers are displeased by the need to sort through indebted, entitled, needs-a-bit-of-finish youngsters. Taxpayers surely worry that their earnings are directed to keyword-laden uselessness. But neither group is in charge of education policies or decisions.

How are the students doing? Some are blithely sailing through the wreckage, as the young can. Some are betrayed and poorer. The majority are probably complaining via memes to their social networks -- an ironic way to complain as social networks are pretty bad for organizing the collective action that the young would need to take to force educational bodies to deliver value rather than marketing.

Bottom Line: Students need to take time to find the right masters program because nobody else is going to help them make that choice. Then they need to suck all the learning and advice they can get out of that program that they can, as the programs are designed for mass consumption, not individual achievement. The penalty for poor choices is not just a bad education given to the wrong people by programs that do not deserve to exist at the expense of taxpayers, but a false start to a young life that needs all the help it can get.

          today's leftovers        
  • BTRFS is Toast | TechSNAP 331

    We discuss just how hard, or not, responsible disclosure really is, share some sad news about the status of BTRFS on RHEL, a few more reasons to use ZFS.

  • Make Your Desktop Elegant With Victory Theme And Icons

    Victory Gtk theme is not new and the initial release was way back in April, 2010. The development was stopped then creator started working again on this theme a while ago. The entire theme is recreated as a vibrant, elegant, bright and flat using minimalistic approach. From day one this theme is targeting Xfce and Lxde desktops but now it does work in Gnome and Cinnamon desktops as well without any issue, and Openbox desktop also supported by this theme. It is available for Gtk 3.18/3.22/2.24 that means you can install it in Ubuntu 17.10/17.04/16.04 and Linux Mint 18, as well as other related Ubuntu derivatives. There is also Victory icon theme available by the same creator which we did share in past and below you can find the commands to install those icons as well. If you find any kind of bug or problem with the theme then report it creator and hopefully it will get fixed in the next update.

  • Flat Remix Icon Theme for Linux
  •  

  • Randa Meetings 2017: It's All About Accessibility

    Randa 2015 was about bringing touch to KDE apps and interfaces. At Randa 2016, developers worked on building frameworks that would allow KDE apps to work on a wider range of operating systems, like Windows, MacOS and Android.

    Randa Meetings 2017 will be all about accessibility.

    At KDE, we understand that using an application - be it an email client, a video editor, or even educational games aimed at children - is not always easy. Different conditions and abilities require different ways of interacting with apps. The same app design will not work equally well for somebody with 20/20 vision and for somebody visually impaired. You cannot expect somebody with reduced mobility to be able to nimbly click around your dialogue boxes.

    This year we want to focus on things that have had a tendency to fall by the wayside; on solving the problems that are annoying, even deal-breaking for some, but not for everyone.

  • Placing the Spotlight on Red Hat Inc (RHT): Technical Stock Update
  • ScyllaDB meets Gentoo Linux

    I am happy to announce that my work on packaging ScyllaDB for Gentoo Linux is complete!

    Happy or curious users are very welcome to share their thoughts and ping me to get it into portage (which will very likely happen).

  • Fedora Classroom Session 3

    Ankur Sinha (“FranciscoD”) is a Free Software supporter and has been with the Fedora community for the better part of a decade now. Rahul Sundaram mentored him as font package maintainer in his early days with Fedora. Ankur has since branched out to acquaint himself with many other teams and SIGs.

    He is a Fedora Workstation user, and prefers to use the terminal as much as possible. Currently, he is working on his PhD in computational neuroscience in the UK. When he does have time to spare, he focuses on the Fedora Join SIG and on maintaining his packages.


          How I Became a Mormon--Part 14        
Called to Serve

Soon after we were baptized and confirmed, my wife and I received our first callings in the church. For those who are unfamiliar with the church, a calling is an assignment, a job, if you will. In our case, my wife and I were called to be teachers—my wife as a teacher in the Relief Society and me in the Elder’s Quorum.

The “call” was issued by the Bishop of our ward, Matthew Corry. Born and raised in Utah, Bishop Corry worked as an editor and technical writer for the Kamehameha Schools/Bishop Estate. He, his wife, and three daughters live in the same Keapuka (Kaneohe, Hawaii) subdivision where my wife, our children, and I live.

From what I have come to understand, the bishop prayerfully sought an inspiration from the Lord to determine where we and every other member of the ward was to serve—what our jobs would be, in other words. And after prayerfully seeking inspiration about my wife and I, me received a confirmation that we should be teachers.

Understand that as brand spanking new members of the church, we were intimidated by the notion of having to teach in a class filled with longtime, and in some cases lifelong members of the church. I liken it to a kindergartner being assigned to teach a graduate school class. Imagine that.

But Bishop Corry assured us of the inspiration he received, and that with the help of the Holy Ghost which we had received the gift of from confirmation, we would do fine. I did feel better after he said this, but when I walked into class on my first assigned Sunday to teach, I became in my mind that kindergartener facing a class of PHD hopefuls. And to think that I teach for living (English at Leeward Community College).

I will admit that my wife had an even bigger challenge, for she had to teach in the Relief Society, renowned throughout the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints for elaborate and spirit-filled lessons by well-prepared and enthusiastic sisters of the church. But as Bishop Corry assured us, we did fine. And no one kicked us out for not being Scriptorial gurus. In fact, we received lots of encouragement and well wishes from the brothers and sisters of our ward. This, we found out, is the Mormon way that have come to know and embrace.
          TEKS UCAPAN PENUH BAJET2015 OLEH DS NAJIB RAZAK DI PARLIMEN TADI #Bajet2015        

Di bawah adalah teks ucapan penuh Bajet 2015 oleh DS Najib Razak yang dibentangkan di dalam Parlimen sebentar tadi :

Saya mohon mencadangkan supaya Rang Undang-undang bertajuk "Suatu Akta bagi menggunakan sejumlah wang daripada Kumpulan Wang Disatukan untuk perkhidmatan bagi tahun 2015 dan bagi memperuntukkan wang itu untuk perkhidmatan bagi tahun itu" dibaca bagi kali kedua.

MUKADIMAH

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

1. Dengan lafaz Bismillahhirahmanirrahim, Alhamdulillahi Rabbil A'lamin, Wa bihi Nastai'n. Diiring pula selawat serta salam ke atas Junjungan Besar Nabi Muhammad SAW. Marilah bersama berdoa, dan yang beragama Islam, menadah kedua-dua tangan setingginya, pohon limpah keberkatan juga inayah-Nya, bagi saya membentang sebuah dokumen penting, yakni Bajet 2015 agar dapat didengar dan dihadami sebaiknya oleh Sidang Dewan dan Rakyat Malaysia seluruhnya.

2. Sebelum meneruskan pembentangan, saya bagi mewakili pihak Kerajaan mengucapkan takziah atas kembalinya ke-Rahmatullah Allahyarham Tun Hajah Suhaila Binti Tan Sri Mohammad Noah yang merupakan isteri kepada Perdana Menteri ketiga. Semoga rohnya diletakkan di kalangan para solihin dan solihat.

3. Saya turut ingin mengambil kesempatan pada petang Jumaat penuh barakah, penghulu segala hari, mengucapkan selamat kembali ke tanahair kepada YAB Timbalan Perdana Menteri beserta para hujjaj lain, yang telah selesai menunaikan fardhu haji. Moga-moga beruntunglah di atas kurniaan Haji Akbar yang Mabrur hendaknya.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

4. Secara sedar ataupun tidak, sepanjang hampir 60 tahun merdeka, kita telah merencana pelbagai rancangan jangka pendek, sederhana dan panjang dalam usaha memakmurkan negara. Hakikatnya, pelaksanaan serta pembangunan ekonomi telah melalui segala macam strategi yang disusun kemas lagi sistematik. Jika tidak, mana mungkin Malaysia sampai pada tahap yang ada pada hari ini.

5. Cumanya, ramai yang tidak begitu sedar bahawa proses ini bukanlah satu kerja yang mudah, apatah lagi terjadi dengan semena-mena. Suka atau tidak suka, dalam tempoh yang bukan sekejap, ia menagih ikhtiar-ikhtiar yang cukup banyak, meliputi rencana-rencana yang menyeluruh, dengan segala jerih payah, kepahitan, terutamanya apabila wajarnya diambil ketetapan-ketetapan dan keputusan-keputusan yang tidak popular. Namun, semuanya itu, perlu diperbuat dan diperlakukan oleh pihak Kerajaan yang bertanggungjawab dan berakauntabiliti, demi mendahulukan kepentingan rakyat sejak dulu, kini dan selamanya.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

6. Dari perspektif ekonomi, ketika mana meraih kemerdekaan 57 tahun lalu, kita telah membina negara ini berlandaskan pertanian. Kemudiannya, kita menuju negara perindustrian moden. Selanjutnya, kita melalui fasa negara berpendapatan sederhana tinggi. Sekarang ini pula, kita sedang melangkah ke arah ekonomi berasaskan perkhidmatan.

7. Bila disimpulkan, objektif, prinsip dan teras kepada 3 Rangka Rancangan Jangka Panjang, kesepuluh-sepuluh Rancangan Malaysia, Dasar Ekonomi Baru, Dasar Pembangunan Nasional, Dasar Wawasan Negara dan sejak 2010 Dasar Transformasi Nasional, kesemuanya berkisar tentang pembasmian kemiskinan, peningkatan pendapatan, penyusunan semula masyarakat, sehingga tercapai matlamat sosio-ekonomi, mempelbagaikan ekonomi berteraskan komoditi, pembangunan modal insan, meningkatkan daya saing sektor awam dan swasta, rantaian nilai lebih tinggi, pembangunan secara inklusif dan transformasi Kerajaan, ekonomi, sosial serta politik.

8. Ternyata, bapa-bapa pimpinan terdahulu dengan bijaksana, telah menjalankan kewajiban masing-masing membentuk Malaysia menurut acuan tersendiri. Dimulai perjuangan oleh Tunku Abdul Rahman, diikuti oleh Tun Abdul Razak yang telah melaksanakan pembangunan dan menyusun semula struktur sosial masyarakat, Tun Hussein mengekalkan keamanan dan perpaduan, Tun Mahathir memodenkan negara, manakala Tun Abdullah pula menekankan aspek pembangunan modal insan.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

9. Seterusnya, Kerajaan yang ada hari ini, terus komited memacu pertumbuhan negara dengan tasawwur yang lebih luas bagi meletakkan Malaysia di jajaran kukuh dari masa ke semasa.

10. Jelasnya, jika dicongak, pembentangan Bajet, petang ini, adalah yang keenam sejak saya mengambil alih pentadbiran, dan juga adalah bajet negara kali yang ke-56. Sesungguhnya jua, Bajet 2015 ini, menjadi bingkisan pelengkap kepada 10 Rancangan Malaysia.

11. Selanjutnya, pada Mei 2015 nanti, bermulalah jendela Rancangan Malaysia kesebelas. Serentak itu, satu pendekatan baharu sedang digariskan yang dikenali sebagai Strategi Pembangunan Nasional Malaysia atau Malaysian National Development Strategy atau MyNDS.

12. MyNDS akan menjadi antara formula kepada perancangan dan penyediaan program serta projek di bawah Rancangan Malaysia Ke-11. Ia akan menggunakan sumber yang terhad secara optimum, yakni menumpukan kepada projek dan program berimpak tinggi, kos yang rendah serta pelaksanaan secara cekap dan pantas. Ertinya, Bajet 2016 kelak, akan menjadi pemula kepada pelonjak akhir memacu separuh dekad Malaysia dalam menuju status, dengan izin – High Income Advanced Economy menjelang 2020.

13. Merujuk kepada perjalanan negara-negara yang lain seperti Korea, Jerman, Jepun, Taiwan mahupun China, di mana kebanyakannya bermula dengan asas pertanian sebagai ekonomi mereka dan kini beralih kepada asas ekonomi yang mengutamakan pengetahuan, kemahiran, inovasi dan kepakaran yang tinggi.

14. Jika dapat diterangkan dengan bahasa yang mudah, perancangan dan instrumen ekonomi kepada sesebuah negara perlu disesuaikan mengikut musim dan peredaran masa serta tuntutan domestik dan global. Justeru, untuk terus kekal relevan Malaysia sewajibnya bergerak dengan ekonomi berasaskan pengetahuan, kemahiran tinggi, kepakaran, kreativiti dan inovasi.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

15. Sememangnya, dari sudut ekonomi, sesebuah negara yang pesat membangun, tidak boleh lari daripada menjana kekayaan menerusi aktiviti capital economy. Namun demikian, dari sudut kesejahteraan rakyat, kita mendengar keluh kesah, sungutan dan rungutan orang ramai. Mereka bertanya melalui komen-komen blog, surat-surat yang diterima, mesyuarat, temubual, sesi dialog dan wacana semasa akan persoalan bahawa angka berjuta-juta, peruntukan berbilion-bilion dan pelbagai projek mega, apakah manfaatnya kepada rakyat terbanyak?

16. Bak kata orang kampong saya di Pekan, maaf bercakap, rasanya, perkara-perkara dokumen bajet begini, serta apa yang disebut seperti jauuuuuuh… dan tidak ada kena mengena dengan pakcik, makcik, kawan-kawan bukan sahaja di luar bandar malahan juga di bandar.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

17. Sesungguhnya, inilah cabaran terbesar dalam mentadbir Negara seistimewa Malaysia dengan kerencaman masyarakat. Saya selaku Perdana Menteri sehingga petang semalam ketika bertemu para wartawan diajukan soalan apakah hal yang paling sukar untuk diputuskan? Saya menjawab… yakni bagaimana kita hendak mengimbangi antara polisi yang populist in nature as compared to those policies based on economic and financial imperatives.

18. Sejelasnya, Kerajaan yang ada hari ini berpegang teguh kepada prinsip bahawa usaha memantap tadbir urus fiskal seperti mengurangkan defisit fiskal adalah satu tanggungjawab moral generasi kita untuk generasi pewaris masa hadapan. Pokoknya, kita tidak mahu mewariskan Malaysia dengan kewangan Persekutuan yang terbeban dengan masalah hutang.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

19. Lantaran demikian, mengambil kira dan memahami denyut nadi rakyat serta realiti kehidupan, sebagai Ketua Kerajaan, saya mahukan falsafah tunjang kepada pembikinan bajet tahun ini mestilah menitikberatkan keseimbangan antara capital economy dan people economy.
20. Bila kita membicarakan istilah Capital Economy, ia merujuk kepada pengurusan dan dasar-dasar ekonomi yang berbentuk makro. Ini memudahkan sesebuah negara mengunjurkan sasaran-sasaran utamanya berbanding negara-negara lain. Antaranya, ia merujuk kepada pengurusan ekonomi yang berasaskan modal, pertumbuhan KDNK, pendapatan per kapita, pelaburan swasta, pasaran modal, keuntungan syarikat, penarafan ekonomi dan kredit, indeks Bursa dan nilai saham. Tuan Yang Dipertua, sesudah ini saya akan menyebutnya sebagai Capital Economy.

21. Manakala apabila kita mengupas dan menakrif istilah People Economy, ia merupakan ekonomi yang berorientasikan rakyat meliputi keutamaan-keutamaan dan kepentingan-kepentingan rakyat seperti kos sara hidup, pendapatan isi rumah, peluang pendidikan, pekerjaan dan perniagaan, kualiti hidup, perumahan, latihan, kemahiran, keusahawanan dan keselamatan, yakni aman dari jenayah. Ringkasnya, ia merupakan ekonomi yang berlandaskan pengalaman seharian rakyat. Sesudah ini saya akan menyebutnya sebagai Ekonomi Keperluan Rakyat atau EKR.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

22. Memang benar, dari sudut teori dan ilmiahnya, capital economy dan people economy tidak dapat dipisahkan dan wujud secara simbiosis antara satu dengan yang lain. Walau apapun, ingin saya tegaskan dalam bajet ini, Ekonomi Keperluan Rakyat menjadi paksi dan pegangan dalam mendahulukan kepentingan rakyat. Barulah nanti apabila kita mencapai status negara maju, nikmat kekayaan dan kemakmuran sebenar negara akan melimpah ke kaki-kaki halaman serta mengetuk pintu-pintu rumah setiap rakyat di negara ini, InsyaAllah.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

PRESTASI DAN PROSPEK EKONOMI

23. Bermula 3 April 2009, setelah lebih 5 tahun, saya memegangpimpinan Negara sebagai Perdana Menteri, diperkenalkan gagasan 1Malaysia, Rakyat Didahulukan, Pencapaian Diutamakan, berlandaskan Dasar Transformasi Nasional atau DTN. Ia merangkumkan Program Transformasi Kerajaan atau GTP, Program Transformasi Ekonomi atau ETP, Program Transformasi Politik atau PTP, Program Transformasi Komuniti atau CTP, Program Transformasi Sosial atau STP dan Program Transformasi Fiskal atau FTP dalam usaha kita mencapai matlamat negara ekonomi maju berpendapatan tinggi. ETP telah mensasarkan peningkatan Pendapatan Negara Kasar Per Kapita Malaysia kepada 15,000 dolar Amerika dan memperoleh 444 bilion dollar Amerika dalam pelaburan menjelang 2020.

24. Sejak 2009 juga, secara kumulatifnya, sebanyak 196 projek daripada 12 NKEA dan 6 SRI telah dilaksanakan. Jumlah pelaburan pula mencecah 219 bilion ringgit dan lebih 437,000 peluang pekerjaan bernilai tinggi telah diwujudkan.

25. Mutakhir ini, ekonomi negara telah tumbuh dengan positif dalam semua sektor dan mencatatkan KDNK sebanyak 6.3 peratus. Alhamdulillah, kita merafak syukur kepada Yang Maha Kuasa, kerana pencapaian ini, menempatkan kita sebagai yang paling tinggi di kalangan negara ASEAN dalam tempoh separuh pertama 2014.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

26. Antara tahun-tahun 2009 hingga 2014, kita mampu berasa lega dan berbangga dengan prestasi-prestasi berikut. Indeks FBM KLCI telah meningkat sebanyak 114 peratus iaitu daripada 884.45 mata pada Januari 2009 kepada 1,892.65 mata pada Julai 2014. Pertumbuhan modal pasaran juga meningkat sebanyak 162 peratus daripada 667.87 bilion ringgit kepada 1,749.49 bilion ringgit dicatatkan pada 7 Oktober 2014.

27. Pendapatan Negara Kasar Per Kapita pula menunjukkan peningkatan sebanyak 50 peratus iaitu daripada 6,700 dolar Amerika kepada 10,060 dolar Amerika dalam tempoh 5 tahun ini. InsyaAllah, saya yakin pada tahun ini kita akan mencapai pertumbuhan ekonomi negara yang kukuh pada kadar 5.5 peratus hingga 6 peratus. Kadar defisit fiskal Negara juga semakin bertambah baik. Kita telah dapat menurunkan kadar defisit daripada 6.7 peratus pada 2009 kepada 3.9 peratus pada 2013 dan dijangka terus menurun kepada 3.5 peratus pada tahun ini.

28. Bagi 2015 pula, pertumbuhan ekonomi dijangka kekal kukuh pada kadar 5 hingga 6 peratus, manakala defisit fiskal dijangka berkurangan kepada 3 peratus.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

29. Berhubung itu, sukalah saya memaklumkan di sini, kita juga telah memecah beberapa rekod pencapaian antaranya:

Pertama: Indeks Bursa Malaysia telah mencatat paras 1,892.65 mata pada Julai 2014, menjadikannnya paras tertinggi dalam sejarah negara; dan

Kedua: Kemasukan pelabur asing sebanyak 38.7 bilion ringgit pada tahun 2013, juga merupakan catatan tertinggi actual realized investments yang pernah dicapai dalam sejarah Negara.

PERUNTUKAN BAJET 2015

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

30. Bajet 2015 memperuntukkan sejumlah 273.9 bilion ringgit iaitu peningkatan sebanyak 9.8 bilion ringgit berbanding peruntukan asal 2014. Daripadanya, 223.4 bilion ringgit bagi perbelanjaan mengurus dan 50.5 bilion ringgit sebagai perbelanjaan pembangunan.

31. Di bawah peruntukan mengurus, 65.6 bilion ringgit adalah untuk Emolumen, dan 38.1 bilion ringgit untuk Perkhidmatan dan Bekalan. Agihan terbesar sebanyak 116.4 bilion ringgit adalah untuk Pemberian dan Kenaan Bayaran Tetap. Pembelian Aset pula diperuntukkan sebanyak 1.5 bilion ringgit dan 1.8 bilion ringgit untuk perbelanjaan lain.

32. Di bawah peruntukan pembangunan, sektor ekonomi menerima agihan tertinggi sebanyak 29.3 bilion ringgit, diikuti oleh sektor sosial 12.6 bilion ringgit merangkumi pendidikan dan latihan, kesihatan, perumahan serta kesejahteraan masyarakat. Sektor keselamatan pula diperuntukkan sebanyak 4.9 bilion ringgit. Selebihnya, diagihkan kepada sektor pentadbiran am iaitu sebanyak 1.7 bilion ringgit dan simpanan luar jangka sebanyak 2 bilion ringgit.

33. Pada tahun 2015, kutipan hasil Kerajaan Persekutuan diunjurkan sebanyak 235.2 bilion ringgit, yakni peningkatan sebanyak 10.2 bilion ringgit berbanding 2014.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

34. Khususnya pada tahun 2015, dengan perlaksanaan GST, hasil kutipan dianggarkan berjumlah sebanyak 23.2 bilion ringgit. Walau bagaimanapun, sebagai Kerajaan yang prihatin, kita telah mengecualikan sebilangan barangan yang keseluruhannya dianggarkan 3.8 bilion ringgit.

35. Harus diketahui, bahawa dengan perlaksanaan GST ini, maka Cukai Jualan dan Perkhidmatan atau SST, dimansuhkan yang menyebabkan kehilangan hasil Kerajaan sebanyak 13.8 bilion ringgit. Ertinya, bila ditolak 13.8 bilion ringgit dan 3.8 bilion ringgit daripada kutipan 23.2 bilion ringgit itu, baki yang ada, berjumlah 5.6 bilion ringgit.

36. Daripada jumlah tersebut, sebanyak 4.9 bilion ringgit disalurkan kembali untuk keperluan rakyat melalui pakej-pakej bantuan, contohnya tambahan BR1M. Akhirnya, hasil bersih kutipan GST hanyalah berbaki 690 juta ringgit.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

BAJET 2015: EKONOMI KEPERLUAN RAKYAT

37. Bajet 2015 ini digubal berfokus kepada Ekonomi Keperluan Rakyat dengan menggariskan tujuh strategi utama, iaitu:

Strategi Pertama: Memperkukuh Pertumbuhan Ekonomi;
Strategi Kedua: Memantap Tadbir Urus Fiskal;
Strategi Ketiga: Mengupaya Modal Insan dan Keusahawanan;
Strategi Keempat: Memperkasa Agenda Bumiputera;
Strategi Kelima: Memartabat Peranan Wanita;
Strategi Keenam: Membangun Program Transformasi Belia Negara; dan
Strategi Ketujuh: Mensejahtera Rakyat

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

38. STRATEGI YANG PERTAMA, MEMPERKUKUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI. Dalam hal ini, Kerajaan akan terus menyediakan ekosistem yang kondusif dan komprehensif bagi melonjak pelaburan domestik dan asing.

39. Menerusi strategi ini, Tindakan Pertamanya: Merancakkan Sektor Perkhidmatan. Untuk makluman, pada 2013, sektor perkhidmatan menyumbang 55.2 peratus kepada KDNK. Bagi mencapai sasaran 60 peratus menjelang tahun 2020, Kerajaan akan merancakkan sektor perkhidmatan dengan melaksanakan perkara-perkara berikut:

Pertama: Melaksana Blueprint Sektor Perkhidmatan;

Kedua: Menyediakan Skim Jaminan Sektor Perkhidmatan berjumlah 5 bilion ringgit kepada semua Perusahaan Kecil dan Sederhana yang terlibat dalam sektor perkhidmatan dengan had maksimum pembiayaan sebanyak 5 juta ringgit bersekali 70 peratus jaminan Kerajaan. Ia dijangka memberi manfaat kepada 4,000 syarikat PKS;

Ketiga: Mewujudkan Research Incentive Scheme for Entreprise dengan peruntukan 10 juta ringgit untuk menggalakkan syarikat-syarikat menubuhkan pusat penyelidikan dalam bidang berteknologi tinggi, ICT dan industri berasaskan pengetahuan;

Keempat: Memperkenalkan semula Dana Perkhidmatan Eksport berjumlah 300 juta ringgit untuk menggalakkan PKS menjalankan kajian kemungkinan pasaran dan promosi eksport bagi menembusi pasaran baru; dan

Kelima: Mengukuhkan Skim Pembangunan Francais di bawah KPDNKK bersama Persatuan Francais Malaysia. Sebanyak 20 juta ringgit diperuntukkan untuk skim ini.

40. Tindakan ke-2: Memperkukuhkan Pasaran Kewangan Islam. Industri kewangan Islam Malaysia kini, mencakupi 25 peratus daripada industri perbankan dari segi aset. Di peringkat antarabangsa pula, Malaysia kekal sebagai pasaran sukuk terbesar di dunia, merangkumi 60 peratus daripada pasaran sukuk global.

41. Selanjutnya, Kerajaan akan memperkenalkan akaun pelaburan patuh syariah pada 2015, dikenali sebagai Investment Account Platform, atau IAP. Ia akan memberi peluang kepada pelabur dalam pembiayaan aktiviti keusahawanan dan pembangunan PKS yang berdaya maju. Pada masa yang sama, IAP akan menarik pelabur institusi dan individu termasuk High Net Worth Individuals dalam pasaran kewangan Islam. Dalam hal ini, dana permulaan sebanyak 150 juta ringgit akan disediakan.

42. Bagi menggalakkan pelaburan dalam IAP, Kerajaan mencadangkan pelabur individu diberi pengecualian cukai pendapatan ke atas keuntungan dari pelaburan yang layak selama 3 tahun berturut-turut.

43. Untuk merancakkan terbitan dan urusniaga pasaran sukuk dan bon tempatan pula, Kerajaan telah memperkenalkan produk Bon dan Sukuk Dagangan Bursa atau ETBS pada Januari 2013. Makanya, Kerajaan mencadangkan supaya Sekuriti Kerajaan Malaysia dan Terbitan Pelaburan Kerajaan turut disenaraikan dan diurus niaga dalam ETBS.

44. Selain itu, perbelanjaan menerbitkan sukuk telah diberi potongan cukai mulai tahun taksiran 2003 hingga tahun taksiran 2015. Selaras dengan ini, dicadangkan potongan cukai bagi perbelanjaan menerbitkan sukuk berasaskan prinsip Ijarah dan Wakalah dilanjutkan selama 3 tahun lagi sehingga tahun taksiran 2018.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

45. Tindakan ke-3: Menggalakkan Industri Perkapalan Tempatan. Akta Perkapalan Saudagar 2011 memperuntukkan keperluan mandatori insurans atau sekuriti kewangan untuk perlindungan liabiliti pihak ketiga bagi kapal yang beroperasi di Malaysia. Buat masa ini, kebanyakan pemilik kapal muatan besar di Malaysia mempunyai perlindungan liabiliti pihak ketiga melalui Protection & Indemnity, di luar negara.

46. Justeru, bagi membantu pemilik kapal muatan kasar 300 tan ke bawah, Kerajaan akan menubuhkan Kelab P&I Malaysia, di bawah Exim Bank, pada kadar premium yang berpatutan.

47. Tindakan ke-4: Mempastikan pertumbuhan wilayah yang seimbang dan inklusif, dengan terus menggalakkan pelaburan di kawasan-kawasan yang kurang membangun. Dalam konteks ini, Kerajaan akan menambahbaik pakej insentif khas yang disediakan di bawah Koridor-koridor Ekonomi merangkumi lebih banyak kawasan yang kurang maju.

48. Tindakan ke-5: Insentif Untuk Pengurusan Kawasan Perindustrian. Kawasan-kawasan perindustrian yang mempunyai kemudahan awam atau infrastruktur yang diselenggara secara sistematik merupakan antara faktor utama yang menyokong pembangunan industri. Dalam hal ini, insentif dengan 100 peratus pengecualian cukai pendapatan bagi tempoh lima tahun akan disediakan untuk menggalakkan pihak swasta menyelenggara dan menambah baik kawasan perindustrian di kawasan kurang membangun. Manakala insentif dengan 70 peratus pengecualian cukai pendapatan bagi tempoh lima tahun akan disediakan kepada pihak swasta yang mengurus kawasan perindustrian di kawasan yang lain.

49. Tindakan ke-6: Elaun Modal Bagi Peningkatan Proses Automasi oleh Industri Berintensif Buruh. Kerajaan akan menyediakan insentif elaun modal perbelanjaan automasi untuk menggalakkan proses automasi sektor perkilangan mengikut kategori berikut:

• Kategori Pertama, iaitu untuk industri yang mempunyai kebergantungan buruh yang tinggi seperti industri produk getah, plastik, kayu, perabot dan tekstil. Insentif yang ditawarkan adalah elaun modal perbelanjaan automasi sebanyak 200 peratus ke atas 4 juta ringgit perbelanjaan pertama. Insentif ini adalah bagi tempoh 2015 hingga 2017; dan

• Kategori Kedua iaitu untuk industri-industri yang lain. Insentif yang ditawarkan adalah elaun modal perbelanjaan automasi sebanyak 200 peratus ke atas 2 juta ringgit perbelanjaan modal pertama. Insentif ini adalah bagi tempoh 2015 hingga 2020.

50. Tindakan ke-7: Dalam menggalakkan pelaburan berkualiti tinggi dan lebih tertumpu, pakej galakan lebih istimewa akan ditawarkan untuk projek-projek pelaburan yang berasaskan teknologi, inovasi dan pengetahuan, melibatkan pekerja berkelayakan tinggi dan berpengetahuan, dengan gaji yang tinggi.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

51. Tindakan ke-8: Merancak Pelaburan Awam dan Swasta. Bagi tahun 2015, beberapa projek infrastrutur akan dilaksanakan:

Pertama: Membina Lebuh Raya Sungai Besi – Ulu Klang sepanjang 59 kilometer dengan kos pembinaan berjumlah 5.3 bilion ringgit;

Kedua: Membina Lebuh Raya Pantai Barat dari Taiping ke Banting sepanjang 276 kilometer dengan kos pembinaan berjumlah 5 bilion ringgit;

Ketiga: Membina Lebuh Raya Damansara – Shah Alam sepanjang 47 kilometer dengan kos pembinaan 4.2 bilion ringgit;

Keempat: Membina Lebuh Raya Lingkaran Luar Kuala Lumpur – Hubungan Timur sepanjang 36 kilometer dengan kos pembinaan 1.6 bilion ringgit;

Kelima: Menaik taraf landasan keretapi sektor Pantai Timur melibatkan jajaran Gemas-Mentakab, Jerantut-Sungai Yu dan Gua Musang-Tumpat dengan peruntukan 150 juta ringgit;

Keenam: Pembinaan MRT Jajaran Kedua sepanjang 56 kilometer dari Selayang ke Putrajaya, melibatkan anggaran 23 bilion ringgit; dan

Ketujuh: Manakala, Projek LRT3, yang bakal menghubungkan Bandar Utama sehingga Shah Alam dan Klang, dianggarkan 9 bilion ringgit akan dilaksanakan.

52. Projek Pengerang Integrated Petroleum Complex dengan nilai pelaburan 69 bilion ringgit pula yang dijangka dapat mewujudkan lebih 10,000 peluang pekerjaan.

53. Di samping itu, bagi membangunkan industri pembuatan kenderaan elektrik, dana pinjaman Sustainable Mobility Fund berjumlah 70 juta ringgit disediakan bawah SME Bank. Sebagai permulaan, 50 bas elektrik akan diperkenalkan.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

54. Tindakan ke-9: Menggalakkan Penubuhan Hab Prinsipal. Untuk ini, Kerajaan akan terus berusaha memperbanyakkan lagi pusat operasi global syarikat multinasional di Malaysia. Sejajar dengan itu, satu insentif Hab Prinsipal yng berbentuk customised incentives akan diperkenalkan mulai awal tahun depan.

55. Tindakan ke-10: Merancakkan Industri Kreatif. Untuk memajukan industri kreatif seperti animasi, perfileman, seni reka, dan warisan budaya, Kerajaan telah memperuntukkan sebanyak 200 juta ringgit kepada MyCreative Ventures pada tahun 2012. Lanjutan daripada ini, usaha ini diteruskan melalui Dana Industri Kandungan Digital di bawah Suruhanjaya Komunikasi dan Multimedia Malaysia sebanyak 100 juta ringgit.

56. Tindakan ke-11: Meningkatkan Keupayaan Jalur Lebar Berkelajuan Tinggi. High Speed Broad Band, di kawasan ekonomi berimpak tinggi, akan diteruskan meliputi ibu negeri dan bandar-bandar terpilih di seluruh negara. Sebanyak 2.7 bilion ringgit akan dibelanjakan dalam tempoh tiga tahun melibatkan pembinaan seribu menara pencawang telekomunikasi baru dan pembinaan kabel dasar laut.

57. Tindakan ke-12: Merancak Industri Pelancongan. Sempena sambutan 'Malaysia – Year of Festivals 2015', Kerajaan mensasarkan kedatangan pelancong asing seramai 29.4 juta orang dengan jangkaan pendapatan sebanyak 89 bilion ringgit. Untuk tujuan ini, sebanyak 316 juta ringgit diperuntukkan bagi pelbagai program di bawah Kementerian Pelancongan dan Kebudayaan Malaysia.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

58. Tindakan ke-13: Membangunkan Perusahaan Kecil dan Sederhana. Kini, sumbangan PKS kepada KDNK adalah sebanyak 33 peratus dan kita mensasarkan peningkatan kepada 41 peratus menjelang 2020.

59. Maka, bagi merancakkan penglibatan PKS dalam aktiviti ekonomi, Kerajaan mencadangkan pelaksanaan SME Investment Partner, di mana PKS akan diberi bantuan pembiayaan dalam bentuk pinjaman, ekuiti atau kedua-duanya, terutamanya di peringkat start-up. Dana permulaan berjumlah 375 juta ringgit akan disediakan untuk tempoh lima tahun, di mana 250 juta ringgit adalah daripada SME Bank dan 125 juta ringgit lagi daripada pelabur swasta. Di bawah SME Corp pula, 10 juta ringgit akan diperuntukkan untuk Business Accelerator Programme.

60. Sebagai meningkatkan penggunaan teknologi baru, automasi dan inovasi dalam pembangunan PKS pula, sebanyak 80 juta ringgit diperuntukkan untuk Skim Pinjaman Mudah Automasi dan Pemodenan PKS di bawah Malaysian Industrial Development Finance Berhad.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

61. Di sudut lain, TEKUN juga telah menyalurkan pinjaman berjumlah 3.1 bilion ringgit kepada hampir 300 ribu orang peminjam dengan had pembiayaan di antara 1,000 hingga 100 ribu ringgit. Pada tahun 2015, TEKUN akan menyediakan tambahan dana pembiayaan sebanyak 500 juta ringgit, diagihkan seperti berikut:

Pertama: 350 juta ringgit diperuntukkan kepada usahawan Bumiputera yakni hampir 33 ribu orang peminjam baru;

Kedua: 50 juta ringgit dikhususkan kepada Skim Pembiayaan Usahawan Muda India, dijangka memanfaatkan 5,000 peminjam kaum India;

Ketiga: 50 juta ringgit diperuntukkan kepada Program Pembangunan Usahawan Wanita Muda Profesional yakni pembiayaan kepada 5,000 peminjam wanita profesional; dan

Keempat: 50 juta ringgit diperuntukkan kepada Program Pembangunan Usahawan Bekas Tentera, yang menawarkan pembiayaan kepada 5,000 orang bekas tentera yang tidak berpencen.

62. Seiring itu, bagi membantu PKS kaum Cina, Kerajaan akan menyediakan pinjaman mudah sebanyak 50 juta ringgit, manakala bagi penjaja dan peniaga kecil sebanyak 30 juta ringgit.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

63. Tindakan ke-14: Pembangunan Inovasi dan Pengkomersilan. Ketika ini, nisbah R&D kepada KDNK adalah rendah jika dibanding dengan negara maju seperti Jepun dan Korea Selatan. Justeru, Kerajaan memperuntukkan 1.3 bilion ringgit kepada Kementerian Sains, Teknologi dan Inovasi bagi melaksanakan program berkaitan, antaranya:

Pertama: Mensasarkan 360 produk inovasi berimpak tinggi dikomersilkan dalam tempoh 5 tahun akan datang;

Kedua: Menyediakan dana penyelidikan sebanyak 290 juta ringgit bagi menjalankan pelbagai aktiviti R&D&C yang berimpak tinggi;

Ketiga: Menjenamakan semula SIRIM. Untuk itu, SME Technology Penetration, Upgrading Program dan Technology Auditing akan dilaksanakan;

Keempat: Memperkenalkan inisiatif baru iaitu Public Private Research Network yang diterajui Kementerian Pendidikan dengan kerjasama MTDC dengan peruntukan sebanyak 50 juta ringgit; dan

Kelima: Memperkukuhkan Program Technology Commercialization Platform oleh Agensi Inovasi Malaysia dengan tambahan 50 juta ringgit.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

64. STRATEGI KEDUA: MEMANTAP TADBIR URUS FISKAL. Hakikatnya, Kerajaan sentiasa berusaha bagi mengukuhkan kemampanan kedudukan kewangan Negara, untuk menjamin kesejahteraan rakyat secara menyeluruh dan mengurangkan defisit fiskal, bagi mencapai bajet berimbang.

65. Tindakan Pertama: Melaksanakan Cukai Barang dan Perkhidmatan. Semasa pengumuman GST sewaktu pembentangan Bajet 2014 lalu, Kerajaan telah mencadangkan senarai barang makanan dan perkhidmatan asas tidak dikenakan GST. Maka berdasarkan kepada maklumbalas pelbagai lapisan masyarakat, Kerajaan telah bersetuju untuk meluaskan skop barang yang tidak dikenakan GST. Antara penambahannya adalah:

(i) Semua jenis buah-buahan tempatan dan diimport;
(ii) Roti putih dan roti wholemeal;
(iii) Serbuk kopi, serbuk teh dan serbuk koko;
(iv) Mi kuning, kue tiau, laksa dan bihun;
(v) Ubat-ubatan Penting Nasional yang meliputi hampir 2,900 jenama ubat. Ubat-ubatan ini adalah bagi kegunaan rawatan untuk 30 jenis penyakit termasuk sakit jantung, kencing manis, darah tinggi, kanser dan rawatan kesuburan;
(vi) Bahan bacaan seperti buku mewarna kanak-kanak, buku latihan dan rujukan, buku teks, kamus dan kitab agama; dan
(vii) Surat khabar.

66. Selain itu, Kerajaan juga bersetuju menaikkan kadar penggunaan elektrik yang tidak dikenakan GST daripada 200 unit kepada 300 unit pertama. Ini bermakna, sebanyak 70 peratus isi rumah akan mendapat manfaat langsung.

67. Di samping itu, bagi mempastikan pelaksanaan GST tidak membebankan rakyat, Kerajaan bersetuju supaya penjualan runcit minyak petrol RON95, diesel dan LPG diberikan pelepasan GST. Melalui langkah ini, pengguna dan kumpulan sasaran yang berkenaan tidak perlu membayar GST bagi pembelian petrol RON95, diesel dan LPG.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

68. Molek saya nyatakan di sini bahawa, daripada 944 barang dan perkhidmatan yang terdapat di dalam basket of goods, Indeks Harga Pengguna, 532 barang atau 56 peratus dijangka mengalami penurunan harga sehingga 4.1 peratus. Antara produk tersebut adalah ubat-ubatan, barangan elektrik seperti peti sejuk dan mesin basuh, produk tekstil, barangan plastik seperti baldi dan pinggan mangkuk, kasut dan selipar, perabot rumah, lampin bayi, sabun, daging, telur ayam, minyak, makanan laut, beras dan sayur-sayuran.

69. Manakala sekitar 354 jenis barang dan perkhidmatan yang akan mengalami kenaikan harga tidak melebihi 5.8 peratus. Apa yang penting, Kerajaan berharap para peniaga bersifat bertanggungjawab dengan tidak meningkatkan harga sehingga membebankan rakyat. Untuk memudahkan rakyat, Kerajaan akan mengeluarkan shoppers' guide bagi membolehkan mereka membuat perbandingan harga sebelum dan selepas GST.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

70. Perlu difahami baik-baik juga, sebenarnya, kesan langsung daripada perlaksanaan GST, membolehkan Kerajaan mengurangkan beban cukai kepada rakyat seperti berikut:

Pertama: Kepada individu dan isi rumah bagi tahun taksiran 2015

(i) Kadar cukai pendapatan individu akan dikurangkan satu hingga tiga mata peratusan. Melalui langkah ini, seramai 300 ribu orang yang kini membayar cukai pendapatan tidak lagi perlu membayar.

(ii) Manakala, golongan berkeluarga yang berpendapatan empat ribu ringgit sebulan tidak lagi mempunyai tanggungan cukai.

(iii) Cukai pendapatan individu juga akan distruktur semula di mana pendapatan bercukai pada kadar maksimum dinaikkan daripada melebihi 100 ribu ringgit kepada melebihi 400 ribu ringgit. Kadar cukai maksimum yang kini 26 peratus pula, dikurangkan kepada 24 peratus, 24.5 peratus dan 25 peratus. Justeru, pembayar cukai akan menikmati penjimatan bayaran cukai sekurang-kurangnya sebanyak 5.3 peratus.

Kedua: Bagi tahun taksiran 2015, kadar cukai pendapatan koperasi juga dikurangkan satu hingga dua mata peratusan. Selain itu, yuran kesetiausahaan dan pemfailan cukai juga dibenarkan potongan cukai;

Ketiga: Bagi tahun taksiran 2016, kadar cukai pendapatan syarikat dikurangkan satu mata peratusan daripada 25 peratus kepada 24 peratus; dan

Keempat: Bagi tahun taksiran 2016, kadar cukai pendapatan syarikat kecil dan sederhana dikurangkan satu mata peratusan daripada 20 peratus kepada 19 peratus.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

71. Pada satu perspektif, pengalaman antarabangsa membuktikan, tahap kesediaan peniaga adalah salah satu faktor kejayaan pelaksanaan GST. Bagi membantu para peniaga, insentif dan bantuan berikut akan dilaksanakan:

Pertama: Pemberian Geran latihan sebanyak 100 juta ringgit kepada peniaga untuk menghantar kakitangan menjalani latihan tentang GST;

Kedua: Bantuan kewangan berjumlah 150 juta ringgit kepada PKS bagi pembelian perisian perakaunan;

Ketiga: Kos pembelian peralatan dan perisian ICT diberi Elaun Modal Dipercepatkan; dan

Keempat: Perbelanjaan latihan perakaunan dan ICT berkaitan GST diberi potongan cukai tambahan.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

72. Tindakan ke-2: Merasionalisasi Subsidi. Kerajaan telah memperuntukkan 588 juta ringgit bagi pelbagai subsidi pada tahun 1994. Jumlah ini telah meningkat kepada 40.5 bilion ringgit pada tahun 2014.

73. Bagi menambah baik kedudukan kewangan awam, Kerajaan komited untuk melaksanakan langkah rasionalisasi subsidi, terutamanya subsidi petroleum. Langkah ini bertujuan mempastikan pemberian subsidi lebih bersasar serta mengurangkan ketirisan dan penyeludupan. Kerajaan akan mempastikan langkah rasionalisasi subsidi dilaksanakan secara berperingkat bagi mempastikan ianya tidak membebankan rakyat.

74. Kini, lebih 21 bilion ringgit setahun diperuntukkan untuk membiayai subsidi petrol RON95, diesel dan gas memasak LPG. Kesannya, peruntukan subsidi telah meningkat lebih 14 kali ganda daripada 1.65 bilion ringgit tahun 2002 kepada 23.5 bilion ringgit tahun 2013, semata-mata untuk mengekalkan harga runcit petrol yang rendah. Ini disebabkan peningkatan jumlah kenderaan daripada 13.6 juta unit pada 2008 kepada 23.7 juta unit pada 2013.

75. Oleh yang demikian, bagi mempastikan pemberian subsidi yang lebih bersasar dan mengambil kira kesedaran dan kesediaan rakyat terhadap langkah rasionalisasi subsidi, Kerajaan akan membangunkan satu mekanisme baru pemberian subsidi petroleum yang akan saya umumkan dalam masa terdekat.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

76. Tindakan ke-3: Menyebar Luas Strategi Lautan Biru Kebangsaan. National Blue Ocean Strategy, telah menunjukkan keberkesanan pelaksanaan projek dan program Kerajaan. Untuk itu sebanyak 356 juta ringgit akan disediakan bagi tahun 2015, iaitu:

Pertama: Membuka 4 buah lagi UTC di Terengganu, Kelantan, Negeri Sembilan dan Perlis serta 1 mini UTC di Kedah; dan

Kedua: Mempergiatkan latihan peningkatan kemahiran atau upskilling kepada 5,000 pelatih melalui program 1Malaysia Skills and Employability Scheme bagi sektor awam dan 1Malaysia Training Centre bagi sektor swasta.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

77. STRATEGI YANG KETIGA, MENGUPAYA MODAL INSAN DAN KEUSAHAWANAN. Kontemporari ini, antara faktor yang menentukan kejayaan bagi sesebuah negara banyak bergantung kepada sumber manusianya. Kekayaan kini tidak lagi berasaskan kepada sumber 'bahan mentah' seperti petroleum, kelapa sawit atau sumber galian, semata-mata, tetapi juga merangkumi idea, kreativiti dan inovasi serta kemahiran insaniah, termasuklah ciptaan-ciptaan produk terkini, yang berupaya menjana ekonomi dan melahirkan usahawan-usahawan baharu.

78. Bagi maksud strategi ini dan falsafah modal insan, selaras dengan Ekonomi Keperluan Rakyat, adalah menjadi hasrat Kerajaan agar komponen gaji dalam KDNK ditingkatkan daripada takuk 34 peratus pada masa ini kepada 40 peratus daripada KDNK menjelang 2020.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

79. Bagi strategi ketiga ini, Tindakan Pertama: Memantapkan Profesionalisme Perguruan dan Prestasi Sekolah. Sektor pendidikan negara akan terus diperkukuh selaras dengan Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025. Bagi tujuan ini, 56 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan kepada Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia untuk membiayai pelbagai program pengajaran dan pembelajaran. Ini termasuk penekanan akan diberikan kepada pemantapan sekolah-sekolah yang memerlukan bimbingan serta bantuan khusus. Justeru, peruntukan sebanyak 250 juta ringgit disediakan untuk menjayakan program Pembimbing Pakar Peningkatan Sekolah dan program Rakan Peningkatan Sekolah.

80. Tindakan Ke-2: Mengupaya Program Sekolah Amanah dan Pembinaan Sekolah Baru. Kerajaan juga akan memperluaskan program Sekolah Amanah yang telah dimulakan pada tahun 2011. Setakat ini, 30 buah Sekolah Amanah telah diwujudkan yang memanfaatkan lebih 20 ribu pelajar dan 1,500 guru. Di bawah program ini, Pengetua diberi kuasa autonomi dan akauntabiliti yang tinggi dalam menguruskan pentadbiran serta proses pengajaran dan pembelajaran di sekolah. Justeru, pada tahun hadapan, Kerajaan bercadang untuk memperluaskan program ini ke 20 buah sekolah lagi di negeri Johor, Sarawak, Selangor, Perak, Negeri Sembilan dan Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur dengan peruntukan 10 juta ringgit.

81. Di samping itu, Kerajaan juga akan membina 12 buah sekolah baru, iaitu 7 buah Sekolah Rendah, 3 buah Sekolah Menengah dan 2 buah Sekolah Berasrama Penuh di seluruh negara.

82. Tindakan Ke-3: Mengarus Perdana Pendidikan Teknikal dan Vokasional. Menjelang tahun 2020, sekurang-kurangnya 46 peratus pekerjaan memerlukan kelayakan teknikal dan vokasional. Untuk itu, Kerajaan akan meningkatkan pengambilan pelajar di kolej vokasional dan kolej komuniti melalui program Transformasi Vokasional dan Teknik serta menaik taraf kolej. Bagi tujuan tersebut, Kerajaan memperuntukkan 1.2 bilion ringgit.

83. Bersabit hal ini juga, buat masa ini bagi permohonan untuk mengambil jurusan di bawah Program Latihan Teknikal dan Vokasional atau TEVT, yang diterima oleh Kementerian Pendidikan jauh melebihi kemampuan tempat yang boleh disediakan, yakni lebih kurang 20 ribu. Jadinya, sebagai langkah untuk membuka lebih peluang bagi bidang ini, Kerajaan bersetuju meluluskan 100 juta ringgit dengan serta merta kepada Kementerian Pendidikan untuk menempatkan 10 ribu pelajar di kolej-kolej teknikal dan vokasional swasta. Di samping itu, 50 juta ringgit juga turut diperuntukkan kepada MARA bagi perlaksanaan Program TEVT.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

84. Sebagai dorongan kepada syarikat swasta pula, Kerajaan mencadangkan galakan cukai sedia ada ditambahbaik seperti berikut:

Pertama: Potongan dua kali bagi maksud pengiraan cukai pendapatan diperluaskan kepada biasiswa untuk pelajar di peringkat pengajian pensijilan vokasional dan teknik;

Kedua: Potongan dua kali bagi maksud pengiraan cukai pendapatan ke atas perbelanjaan syarikat dalam melaksanakan program internship berstruktur di peringkat diploma dan vokasional; dan

Ketiga: Potongan tambahan bagi maksud pengiraan cukai pendapatan diberi ke atas perbelanjaan latihan yang ditanggung oleh majikan bagi pekerja untuk mendapatkan sijil dan kelayakan profesional yang diiktiraf.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

85. Tindakan Ke-4: Membangunkan dan Menyelenggara Fasiliti Pendidikan. Dalam aspek keselamatan dan persekitaran pembelajaran pula, Kerajaan akan menyediakan 800 juta ringgit untuk tujuan ini dengan pecahan seperti berikut:
• Sekolah Kebangsaan 450 juta ringgit;
• Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Cina 50 juta ringgit;
• Sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan Tamil 50 juta ringgit;
• Sekolah Mubaligh 50 juta ringgit;
• Sekolah Berasrama Penuh 50 juta ringgit;
• Sekolah Agama Bantuan Kerajaan 50 juta ringgit;
• MRSM 50 juta ringgit;
• Sekolah Pondok yang berdaftar 25 juta ringgit; dan
• Sekolah Persendirian Cina atau Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Cina atau conforming school yang mengguna pakai kurikulum Kebangsaan diperuntukkan sebanyak 25 juta ringgit

86. Kerajaan juga sukacita mengumumkan supaya pembayaran kos bil elektrik dan air kepada semua Sekolah-sekolah Jenis Kebangsaan di bawah Kementerian Pendidikan, dapat dibayar sepenuhnya dengan siling sebanyak 5,000 ringgit sebulan. Ini berbeza dengan kuota 2,000 ringgit setiap sekolah sebelum ini.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

87. Tindakan Ke-5: Menaja Pelajaran. Untuk Tahun 2015, Kerajaan akan memperuntukkan sebanyak 3 bilion ringgit, di mana 1.9 bilion ringgit melalui tajaan JPA, sebanyak 759 juta ringgit kepada Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia dan 258 juta ringgit kepada Kementerian Kesihatan.

88. Tindakan Ke-6: Memperluas Program MyBrain15. Kerajaan telah memperkenalkan program MyBrain15 untuk menghasilkan 60 ribu pemegang PhD menjelang tahun 2023. Setakat ini, seramai 34,525 pelajar sedang mengikuti pengajian di peringkat Sarjana dan Doktor Falsafah melibatkan perbelanjaan lebih 386 juta ringgit. Untuk tahun 2015, sebanyak 112 juta ringgit lagi akan diperuntukkan. MyBrain15 yang kini terbuka kepada sektor swasta, dicadangkan diperluas kepada penjawat awam dan kakitangan badan berkanun yang ingin melanjutkan pengajian secara separuh masa di institusi pengajian tinggi tempatan.

89. Tindakan Ke-7: Tabung Pendidikan Tinggi Nasional. Sejak penubuhan Perbadanan Tabung Pendidikan Tinggi Nasional atau PTPTN pada 1997 sehingga kini, seramai 2.1 juta rakyat Malaysia telah mengambil pinjaman berjumlah 47.8 bilion ringgit. Namun demikian, setakat 31 Ogos 2014, hanya 5.36 bilion ringgit atau 46 peratus daripada 11.76 bilion ringgit telah dikutip.

90. Lebih menyedihkan, terdapat seramai 174 ribu peminjam, yang langsung tidak pernah membayar balik setakat 2010. Oleh itu, Kerajaan akan mengambil langkah baru yang setimpal dan sewajarnya kepada para peminjam ini.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

91. Hatta dalam Islam pun, melalui mafhum beberapa hadis sahih antaranya riwayat Muslim menyatakan bahawa, roh seorang mukmin itu tergantung-gantung dengan sebab berhutang, waima dosa orang mati syahid pun diampuni, melainkan hutangnya.

92. Berkait ini, harap ramai dapat mengambil iktibar. Jadinya, dalam usaha menggalakkan peminjam membuat bayaran balik, Kerajaan mencadangkan supaya 10 peratus rebat diberikan sekiranya peminjam membuat bayaran balik pinjaman secara berterusan selama 12 bulan sehingga 31 Disember 2015. Sebagai tambahan, tawaran diskaun 20 peratus diberikan kepada peminjam yang membuat penyelesaian secara sekaligus atau lump sum mulai hari ini sehingga 31 Mac 2015.

93. Sejak tahun 2005, golongan berpendapatan tidak melebihi 2,000 ringgit sebulan, yang menyimpan di dalam SSPN-i, telah menikmati pemberian geran sepadan. Justeru, bagi menggalakkan lebih ramai ibu bapa menjadi pendeposit untuk menikmati geran sepadan ini, Kerajaan mencadangkan supaya had pendapatan isi rumah pencarum dinaikkan kepada tidak melebihi 4,000 ringgit sebulan.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

94. Tindakan Ke-8: Meningkat Kebolehpasaran Graduan. Sehingga kini, dianggarkan seramai 53 ribu graduan masih belum lagi mendapatkan pekerjaan setelah 6 bulan tamat pengajian. Untuk meningkatkan kebolehpasaran graduan, Kerajaan mencadangkan supaya kurikulum dan program latihan kemahiran di institusi latihan kemahiran awam serta institusi pengajian tinggi dikaji semula. Untuk tujuan ini, Talent Corp akan menyediakan 30 juta ringgit bagi program Industry Academia Collaboration di mana, universiti, entiti Kerajaan dan industri bekerjasama membangunkan kurikulum program internship serta latihan industri.

95. Selain itu, keyakinan diri dan kemahiran graduan berkomunikasi dalam Bahasa Inggeris akan dipertingkatkan. Pada masa ini, syarat kemasukan am ke IPTA mengkehendaki pelajar mencapai tahap minimum di Band 1 dalam Malaysian University English Test atau MUET. Mulai tahun hadapan:

(i) bagi kemasukan ke IPTA tahap minimum Band MUET ditingkatkan mengikut bidang pengajian seperti contoh berikut:
a) Pengajian Sastera dan Sains Sosial – Band 2
b) Pengajian Sains, Teknologi, Kejuruteraan dan Matematik atau STEM – Band 3
c) Pengajian Undang-undang & Perubatan – Band 4

(ii) sebagai syarat bergraduan pula, pelajar wajib mencapai:
a) Pengajian Sastera dan Sains Sosial – Band 3
b) Pengajian STEM – Band 4
c) Pengajian Undang-undang & Perubatan – Band 5

Saya juga ingin menyarankan IPTS melaksanakan langkah yang sama.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

96. Tindakan Ke-9: Mensejahterakan Golongan Pekerja. Pada suku kedua 2014, jumlah pekerjaan adalah sebanyak 13.5 juta iaitu peningkatan lebih 1.6 juta pekerjaan berbanding tahun 2010. Bagi mempastikan kebajikan pekerja terus terbela:

(i) Akta Kerja 1955 dan akta perburuhan yang berkaitan akan dikaji semula yang termasuk terma dan syarat pekerjaan, pelantikan dan pemberhentian, waktu bekerja yang fleksibel serta faedah penamatan kerja;

(ii) Portal JobsMalaysia akan ditambahbaik bagi memenuhi keperluan pasaran tenaga kerja yang semakin dinamik;

(iii) Kerajaan akan memperkenalkan Sistem Insurans Pekerjaan bertujuan membantu golongan pekerja yang diberhentikan melalui pemberian bantuan saraan sementara serta peluang latihan semula atau reskilling and upskilling; dan
(iv) Menyediakan latihan teknikal dan bantuan pendidikan kepada golongan belia India terutama dari keluarga kurang berkemampuan dengan peruntukan 30 juta ringgit.

97. Pada tahun 2011, Skim Latihan 1Malaysia atau SL1M telah berjaya mendapatkan pekerjaan kepada lebih 45 ribu graduan dari kalangan isi rumah berpendapatan rendah dan luar bandar. Kerajaan telah menyokong usaha CSR oleh majikan dalam perlaksanaannya melalui galakan potongan dua kali kepada syarikat bagi maksud pengiraan cukai pendapatan sehingga 31 Disember 2016. Saya mencadangkan galakan cukai ini dilanjutkan sehingga 31 Disember 2020.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

98. Tindakan Ke-10 : Bagi memperhebatkan program upskilling dan reskilling, Kerajaan akan memperkenalkan satu program baru, iaitu Globally Recognised Industry and Professional Certification atau 1MalaysiaGRIP dengan peruntukan sebanyak 300 juta ringgit secara matching grant antara Kerajaan dan Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad bagi melatih seramai 30 ribu pekerja.

99. Tindakan Ke-11 : Kerajaan akan meningkatkan program latihan kemahiran di institusi latihan kemahiran Jabatan Tenaga Kerja atau JTK. Program latihan ini akan melibatkan pelajar lepasan Sijil Kemahiran Malaysia, graduan universiti atau kolej serta pekerja industri terutama pekerja separuh mahir. Bagi mengoptimumkan 32 institusi latihan JTK, Kerajaan akan mengoptimumkan kapasiti latihan double shift bagi program sepenuh masa melibatkan 176 kursus yang mempunyai permintaan tinggi dalam pasaran pekerjaan. Pengambilan pelajar sebanyak 2 kali setahun dianggarkan melibatkan 48 ribu dalam tempoh 5 tahun pelaksanaannya dengan peruntukan 570 juta ringgit.

100. Tindakan Ke-12: Kerajaan berhasrat untuk menjadikan Malaysia sebagai lokasi tumpuan bagi Syarikat Permulaan atau Start-up di rantau ini. Salah satu usaha adalah penubuhan MaGIC bagi mewujudkan ekosistem yang lebih kondusif untuk memudahcara syarikat Start-up memulakan perniagaan. Justeru, bagi menarik lebih ramai usahawan ekspatriat syarikat Start-up beroperasi di Malaysia, dicadangkan kriteria khas Modal Berbayar syarikat Start-up ditetapkan sebanyak 75 ribu ringgit. Usahawan ekspatriat Start-up yang layak akan diberi Startup Work Pass untuk tempoh satu tahun.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

101. STRATEGI KEEMPAT: MEMPERKASA AGENDA BUMIPUTERA. Sejak Merdeka, semua perancangan serta dasar ekonomi Melayu dan Bumiputera oleh pihak Kerajaan telah digubal berasaskan perhitungan komposisi masyarakat majmuk tersebut. Secara prinsipnya, perkara dan amalan ini telah diterima pakai sebagai satu kontrak sosial sejak sekian lama oleh seluruh rakyat Malaysia, dilindungi, dan dimaktubkan dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan.

102. Makanya, Melayu dan Bumiputera sebagai teras kepada agenda nasional tidak boleh dinafikan oleh sesiapa. Sesungguhnya, sebarang prakarsa bersifat nasional yang tidak mengambilkira atau mengabaikan agenda Melayu serta Bumiputera sama ada Islam mahupun bukan Islam, adalah tidak adil dan tidak saksama.

103. Hatta, sejarah telah membuktikan sejak puluhan tahun dilaksanakan, bukan sahaja orang Melayu dan Bumiputera, bahkan semua rakyat Malaysia berkongsi nikmat, meraih manfaat bersama, hasil daripada pembangunan ekonomi negara. Jelasnya, ini telah kita lakukan bukanlah dengan mengambil, atau menidakkan hak sesiapa, tetapi sebenarnya melalui penciptaan kekayaan baru dan penjanaan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang mampan. Apatah lagi menjelang 2020, jumlah Melayu dan Bumiputera, Islam dan Bukan Islam, akan mencapai lebih 70 peratus.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

104. Untuk strategi ini, Tindakan Pertama: Meningkatkan Pemilikan Ekuiti Bumiputera. Dalam konteks pemilikan ekuiti syarikat korporat, masyarakat Bumiputera masih belum mencapai sasaran 30 peratus. Sementara itu, effective control ke atas syarikat korporat terkini, hanyalah pada sekitar 10 peratus. Lantaran itu, Kerajaan menerusi EKUINAS akan diperuntukkan 600 juta ringgit bagi meningkatkan pemilikan ekuiti Bumiputera dalam syarikat-syarikat swasta mahupun GLC. Sehingga kini, EKUINAS telah melaksanakan pelaburan kumulatif bernilai 2.3 bilion ringgit dalam pelbagai sektor.

105. Tindakan Ke-2: Memantapkan Keusahawanan Bumiputera. Bagi melahirkan usahawan-usahawan Bumiputera, beberapa inisiatif telah dirancang:

Pertama: Memperkukuh peranan Institut Keusahawanan Negara atau INSKEN sebagai Pusat Kecemerlangan Keusahawanan Bumiputera;

Kedua: Merancakkan lagi program Skim Usahawan Permulaan Bumiputera atau SUPERB dengan peruntukan tambahan sebanyak 30 juta ringgit. Program ini juga akan diperluaskan penyertaannya kepada usahawan di Sabah dan Sarawak;

Ketiga: Memperkenalkan program pre-eksport untuk syarikat Bumiputera Berprestasi Tinggi atau TERAS bagi meningkatkan penjenamaan, pensijilan antarabangsa, dan market survey keluaran Bumiputera. Program ini mensasarkan 60 syarikat TERAS yang dapat meningkatkan kapasiti dan menembusi pasaran antarabangsa; dan

Keempat: Memperluaskan program carve-out and compete secara meritokrasi meliputi projek Kerajaan dan penswastaan, termasuk projek MRT jajaran kedua dan Lebuhraya Pan Borneo.

106. Tindakan Ke-3: Bagi PKS Bumiputera pula, antara inisiatif-iniatif khusus yang akan dilaksanakan melalui Bajet 2015 adalah seperti berikut:

Pertama Lembaga Tabung Haji akan memperuntukkan 200 juta ringgit bagi penubuhan Akaun Pelaburan Terhad patuh syariah di Bank Islam. Tujuan akaun ini adalah bagi menyedia kemudahan pembiayaan dan kredit yang bernilai antara 50 ribu hingga 1 juta ringgit mulai Januari 2015; dan

Kedua: Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia atau AIM akan menggunakan sumber dalaman berjumlah 1.8 bilion ringgit untuk menyediakan pembiayaan yang dapat memanfaatkan 346 ribu sahabat AIM.

107. Tindakan Ke-4: Membangunkan Modal Insan Bumiputera. Sebagai sebuah institusi unggul Bumiputera, MARA perlu terus diperteguhkan. Pastinya, antara aspek yang terpenting ialah Pembangunan Modal Insan. Ia merupakan salah satu pelengkap bagi Memperkasa Agenda Bumiputera. Dalam hal ini Kerajaan telah menyediakan inisiatif-inisiatif berikut:

Pertama: 2 bilion ringgit diperuntukkan menerusi MARA kepada pelajar Bumiputera yang layak untuk tajaan pelajaran;

Kedua: 72 juta ringgit akan digunakan oleh Yayasan Peneraju Pendidikan Bumiputera dalam pelaksanaan 3 program dalam bentuk biasiswa, latihan dan bantuan kewangan yang keseluruhannya melibatkan 5 ribu orang; dan

Ketiga: Menubuhkan Pusat Perakaunan Profesional di Universiti Teknologi Mara dengan kerjasama Institut Akauntan Malaysia.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

108. Sememangnya, Kerajaan sentiasa mengambil berat dan amat prihatin dalam membangun dan membela nasib rakyat di Sabah dan Sarawak dalam agenda pembangunan negara.

109. Sehubungan itu, sebagaimana Projek Lebuhraya Utara-Selatan telah mentransformasikan pembangunan dari Perlis ke Johor, Kerajaan akan mula membina Lebuh Raya Pan Borneo sepanjang 1,663 kilometer melibatkan jajaran Sarawak sepanjang 936 kilometer dan jajaran Sabah sepanjang 727 kilometer dengan kos pembinaan sebanyak 27 bilion ringgit.

110. Menerusi NBOS pula, satu lagi mini UTC dan RTC masing-masing di Sabah dan Sarawak akan dibuka bagi memudahkan urusan masyarakat di pedalaman dan bandar.

111. Membina Klinik Kesihatan di Tenom, Sabah dan di Lubok Antu, Sarawak, serta menaik taraf kemudahan di Hospital Tawau. Kerajaan akan turut menyediakan perkhidmatan perubatan nuklear dan radioterapi bagi merawat pesakit kanser di Hospital Wanita dan Kanak-Kanak di Likas Sabah.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

112. Negeri Sabah merupakan negeri yang mempunyai pesisiran pantai yang panjang dan luas. Justeru, bagi memperkukuhkan keselamatan di kawasan Zon Keselamatan Pantai Timur Sabah atau ESSZONE, Kawasan Keselamatan Khas Pantai Timur Sabah atau ESSCOM diperuntukkan 660 juta ringgit.

113. Dua batalion melibatkan satu batalion PGA PDRM dan satu batalion Tentera Darat dengan jumlah anggota baru seramai 1,280 anggota telah diluluskan. Dua buah kem juga akan dibina di ESSZONE iaitu Kem Batalion 20 PGA di Beluran dan Kem ATM di Felda Sahabat, Lahad Datu, Sabah.

114. Di samping itu, kelengkapan operasi pertahanan dan keselamatan akan ditambah baik. Antaranya perolehan sistem radar pengawasan yang berkeupayaan tinggi. Kerajaan juga akan menggunakan satu pelantar minyak yang diubahsuai dan sebuah kapal auxillary sebagai Sea Basing di perairan ESSZONE dengan peruntukan sebanyak 230 juta ringgit melalui program CSR Petronas.

115. Sebagai tambahan, untuk membolehkan pesawat berkeupayaan tinggi mendarat, Kerajaan akan memanjangkan landasan lapangan terbang di Lahad Datu dan perpindahan Skuadron Hawk dari Butterworth ke Labuan, dengan peruntukan sebanyak 50 juta ringgit.

116. Kerajaan juga akan menempatkan semula perkampungan-perkampungan air seperti di Semporna dan Sandakan secara berperingkat. Kerajaan berharap dengan inisiatif ini, keselamatan rakyat Malaysia di Sabah akan terus terjamin dan aktiviti ekonomi akan terus rancak.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

117. Sebagai Memperkukuh Rantaian Bekalan Makanan di Sabah dan Sarawak, julung-julung kalinya subsidi padi bukit diperkenalkan dengan peruntukan sebanyak 70 juta ringgit. Bantuan ini akan memberi manfaat kepada kawasan penanaman seluas 76,000 hektar.

118. Hakikatnya, Kerajaan amat mementingkan kesejahteraan rakyat, terutama yang melibatkan aspek kos sara hidup seharian mereka. Justeru, Kerajaan akan berusaha untuk terus menyeimbangkan harga barang keperluan antara Semenanjung, Sabah dan Sarawak melalui langkah-langkah berikut:

Pertama: 262 juta ringgit bagi membiayai kos pengangkutan dan penguatkuasaan kawalan harga barangan keperluan harian terutamanya di Sabah dan Sarawak; dan

Kedua: Tambahan 2 buah KR1M di Sabah menjadikan jumlah 16 buah dan 3 buah lagi di Sarawak menjadikan 19 buah.

Sesungguhnya, agenda pembelaan nasib rakyat di Sabah dan Sarawak, Agi Idup Agi Ngelaban, akan tatap kita perjuangkan.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

119. STRATEGI KELIMA: MEMARTABAT PERANAN WANITA. Sesungguhnya wanita sangat istimewa. Keunikan mereka bukan sekadar penyeri kepada sesebuah keluarga, malahan menjadi penyuluh dalam mengatasi banyak permasalahan kehidupan. Bahkan wanita itulah tulang belakang pembangunan negara. Sesuai dengan itu, Kerajaan sentiasa mengambil berat dalam mempastikan mereka terus berperanan dalam mewarnai negara dan generasi mendatang.

120. Pada masa ini, pekerja wanita hanya mewakili 38 peratus daripada keseluruhan tenaga kerja di negara ini. Bagi meningkatkan sumbangan wanita dalam pembangunan negara, Kerajaan akan menumpukan kepada usaha mempergiatkan penglibatan wanita dalam pasaran kerja dan aktiviti keusahawanan. Atas tujuan ini, Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat, diperuntukkan sejumlah 2.26 bilion ringgit bagi pembangunan dan operasi. Antaranya program-programnya termasuklah:

Pertama: Memperkukuh Program Pengarah Wanita bagi mencapai 30 peratus penglibatan wanita dalam kumpulan pembuat keputusan. Kerajaan merancang untuk melatih 125 orang bakal pengarah wanita untuk mengisi jawatan sebagai ahli lembaga pengarah syarikat berkaitan Kerajaan dan swasta. Saya menyeru syarikat milik Kerajaan dan swasta memberi peluang kepada lebih ramai wanita profesional menjadi ahli lembaga pengarah;

Kedua: Menambah baik peluang wanita untuk kembali ke pasaran kerja melalui program 1Malaysia Support for Housewife yang menitikberatkan latihan kemahiran dan galakan suri rumah; dan

Ketiga: Talent Corp akan mewujudkan Program Women Career Comeback untuk wanita profesional kembali ke pasaran pekerjaan berdasarkan kelayakan professional.

121. Kerajaan juga sentiasa peka terhadap kesejahteraan golongan wanita terutamanya dari aspek keselamatan. Sehubungan itu, Kerajaan akan membeli premis Rumah Perlindungan Khas Wanita mengikut zon wilayah timur, utara dan tengah. Selain itu, bagi memberi peluang kepada ibu tunggal yang berminat dalam keusahawanan, Kerajaan akan meneruskan Program Kemahiran Inkubator Ibu Tunggal atau I-KIT, Program Inkubator Keusahawanan Wanita dan Program Teras Pembangunan Wanita.

122. Seterusnya, susulan daripada pembiayaan keseluruhan yang disediakan di bawah AIM, usahawan wanita India akan diberi peruntukan khusus sebanyak 30 juta ringgit.

123. Selain itu, bagi Penjawat Awam, Kerajaan bersetuju menambah baik kemudahan Cuti Menjaga Anak dengan meminda syarat pemberian supaya tidak terikat dengan tempoh Cuti Bersalin berkuat kuasa 1 Januari 2015. Kemudahan ini terhad untuk tempoh satu tahun dan diperluaskan kepada pegawai wanita yang mempunyai anak tiri tanggungan, anak angkat yang diambil mengikut undang-undang, anak pelihara dan anak kurang upaya.

124. Selaras dengan hasrat Kerajaan untuk menggalakkan penubuhan lebih banyak pusat penjagaan kanak-kanak di premis pejabat swasta, garis panduan sedia ada akan dipinda. Mulai Januari 2015, Kerajaan akan membenarkan majikan mengendalikan pusat penjagaan kanak-kanak melebihi tingkat dua, tertakluk kepada syarat-syarat yang ditetapkan oleh pihak berkuasa. Tuntasnya, apa yang dilakukan oleh Kerajaan ini, sudah tentu mampu mengangkat martabat wanita, dalam berperanan aktif di persada negara.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

125. STRATEGI KEENAM: MEMBANGUN PROGRAM TRANSFORMASI BELIA NEGARA. Bagi saya belia bukan sekadar harapan bangsa, tidak hanya setakat aset atau rakan kongsi kepada pembangunan negara, malah nilaian belia adalah lebih daripada kesemuanya itu. Bertolak daripada itu, Kerajaan prihatin kepada kehidupan generasi muda yang bakal mewarisi kepimpinan dan memikul amanah demi kemajuan dan kemakmuran masa depan Malaysia yang kita cintai ini.

126. Bagi mencapai hasrat ini, Kerajaan akan melancarkan Pelan Transformasi Belia Negara. Bagi menjayakan pelbagai program belia, sebanyak 320 juta ringgit diperuntukan untuk tujuan berikut:

Pertama: Mengkaji semula Program Latihan Khidmat Negara atau PLKN dan satu konsep baru yang menjalinkan keperluan kemahiran dan kenegaraan akan diperkenalkan dalam sedikit masa lagi;

Kedua: Menambahbaik program Rakan Muda dan memperkenalkan program Kem Uniti;

Ketiga: Mengukuhkan aspek kepimpinan belia melalui pengenalan program Akademi Kepimpinan Belia untuk mengasah bakat kepimpinan di kalangan Belia Malaysia;

Keempat: Mempergiatkan program kesukarelawan belia melalui 1M4U dan memperkenalkan program MyCorp. Program MyCorp melibatkan belia menjalankan aktiviti sukarela kebajikan dan sosio ekonomi di peringkat antarabangsa dengan peruntukan 10 juta ringgit;

Kelima: Menggilap bakat keusahawanan di kalangan belia melalui Program MaGIC, SME Bank dan Agro Bank serta memperkenalkan Online Resource Centre dan menganjur persidangan keusahawanan sosial antarabangsa;

Keenam: Melaksanakan Program Agropreneur Muda oleh FAMA yang melibatkan 1,200 orang belia dengan sasaran pendapatan melebihi 5,000 ringgit sebulan; dan

Ketujuh: Meningkatkan keupayaan dan kemahiran belia melalui Program Transformasi IKBN dan Program Coding Bootcamp serta program Projek Angkat Dan Upaya atau PADU.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

127. Kerajaan juga berhasrat supaya satu ekosistem komprehensif yang disertai belia dapat disediakan untuk meningkatkan keupayaan dan memajukan diri dalam pekerjaan dan keusahawanan serta dapat menikmati kemudahan perumahan dan rekreasi. Untuk ini, Kerajaan akan mewujudkan 1Malaysia Youth City dengan peruntukan 100 juta ringgit bagi membiayai tiga projek perintis di Semenanjung, Sabah dan Sarawak.

128. Bila mengupas ehwal belia juga, pemilikan rumah merupakan satu isu besar khususnya soal harga rumah dan keboleh biayaan. Menyedari permasalahan ini, sukacita saya mengumumkan Skim Perumahan Belia atau Youth Housing Scheme secara perkongsian pintar di antara Kerajaan, Bank Simpanan Nasional, Kumpulan Wang Simpanan Pekerja dan Cagamas.

129. Skim ini menawarkan pemilikan rumah pertama yang bernilai tidak melebihi 500 ribu ringgit, kepada belia berkahwin berumur 25 hingga 40 tahun serta mempunyai pendapatan isi rumah tidak melebihi 10 ribu ringgit. Tempoh pembiayaan maksimum adalah 35 tahun.

130. Di bawah skim ini, sebanyak 200 ringgit sebulan diberikan oleh Kerajaan untuk tempoh 2 tahun pertama bagi mengurangkan beban ansuran bulanan pinjaman perumahan. Pengecualian sebanyak 50 peratus duti setem ke atas surat cara pindah milik dan perjanjian pinjaman juga diberi.

131. Lebih menarik, Kerajaan turut menyediakan jaminan pinjaman sebanyak 10 peratus, bagi membolehkan peminjam mendapatkan pembiayaan penuh termasuk kos insuran. Peminjam juga boleh mengeluarkan wang daripada Akaun 2 KWSP mereka untuk menampung pembayaran ansuran bulanan dan kos lain yang berkaitan.

132. Oleh itu, saya menyeru golongan belia supaya merebut peluang ini yang ditawarkan secara "first come first served basis" untuk 20,000 unit rumah sahaja.

Tuan Yang Dipertua,

133. Pada aspek lain, Kerajaan akan mengambil langkah bersepadu ke arah mentransformasikan Malaysia sebagai sebuah negara bersukan. Untuk ini, Kerajaan akan merealisasikan Blueprint Negara Bersukan atau Sporting Nation. Bagi mencapai hasrat ini, Kerajaan memperuntukkan 103 juta ringgit bagi melaksanakan langkah-langkah ber

           Scholarly and public histories: a case study of Lincolnshire, agriculture and museums         
Hunt, Abigail (2013) Scholarly and public histories: a case study of Lincolnshire, agriculture and museums. PhD thesis, University of Lincoln.
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Zarb, Nicholas J. (2013) Aligning governmental and organizational missions: building a model of FE organizations in Malta. PhD thesis, University of Lincoln.
           The behaviour and ecology of adult common bream Abramis brama (L.) in a heavily modified lowland river         
Gardner, Christopher John (2013) The behaviour and ecology of adult common bream Abramis brama (L.) in a heavily modified lowland river. PhD thesis, University of LIncoln.
           Inhibition of the fracture healing process in smokers: deregulation of cellular and molecular milieu in tibial fracture micro-environment         
Sloan, Andrew (2013) Inhibition of the fracture healing process in smokers: deregulation of cellular and molecular milieu in tibial fracture micro-environment. PhD thesis, University of Lincoln.
          Midday open thread: Dead Indian children returned to their homeland; broken US economy in one chart        

Today’s comic by Matt Bors is Obama couldn't have done this crap: 

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• Remains of three Arapaho children who died at assimilationist school returned to their homeland: Capt. Richard H. Pratt, the founder of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, infamously said the solution for dealing with the Native population of America was to “Kill the Indian ... and save the man.” And he set out to do so by taking Indian children from their parents, from their tribes and indoctrinating them at Carlisle in Pennsylvania. Among those were the children taken along with Geronimo when the Apache leader surrendered his band of Chiricahuas for the last time in 1886. The school sought to take everything from them, their religions, their cultures, their mode of dress, even their names. All of them had their hair cut short. Over the years, children abducted and taken to the school to have the Indian in them killed included three Northern Arapahos: Little Chief, 14, who was renamed Dickens Nor; Horse, 11, renamed Horace Washington; and Little Plume, 9, renamed Hayes Vanderbilt. Within two years, they were all dead and buried in a small cemetery that eventually included nearly 200 Indian children who died there from 1879-1918. On Monday, with 15 relatives of the three as witnesses, the Army began excavating their graves preparatory to returning their remains to the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming that the Northern Arapaho now share with another tribe, their traditional enemies, the Eastern Shoshoni. The Rosebud Sioux of South Dakota have requested the remains of their children grabbed by Carlisle be returned.

Apache_Children.jpg
The photo on the left shows Chiricahua Apache children taken to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School when Geronimo surrendered his band in Arizona for the last time in 1886. The photo on the right are the same children four months later. The school did to their insides pretty much what it did to their outsides. Of the 112 Apache children sent to Carlisle, 27 died in the first three years. Of the 12,000 children of 140 tribes forced into the school, only 158 reportedly graduated. Carlisle was the model for 26 BIA (and later the Bureau of Indian Education) boarding schools in 15 states and hundreds of private religious ones.

• David Leonhardt on Our Broken Economy in One Chart:

Many Americans can’t remember anything other than an economy with skyrocketing inequality, in which living standards for most Americans are stagnating and the rich are pulling away. It feels inevitable.

But it’s not.

A well-known team of inequality researchers — Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman — has been getting some attention recently for a chart it produced. It shows the change in income between 1980 and 2014 for every point on the distribution, and it neatly summarizes the recent soaring of inequality.

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You can see a larger version of this by clicking on the bulleted link above.

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• July was the hottest on record for parts of Alaska and the Western United States:

The northernmost city in the United States just had its hottest July on record, as other spots in Alaska had their hottest month overall. Heat records also fell in a few western cities, as well as the fearsomely hot Death Valley, where July was the hottest month ever recorded on Earth.

Those hotspots stood out in what was the 10th hottest July on record for the Lower 48 states, topping off the second hottest year-to-date for the country by a hair, according to data released Tuesday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Three states are having their hottest year on record more than halfway through the year, while several more are running in second or third place.

• Google employee (now ex-), who wrote that women’s brains are inferior, removes PhD reference from his Linked-In site: Geez. Isn’t this just perfect? 

The Wired writer Nitasha Tiku confirmed with Harvard on Tuesday that Damore had not completed his Ph.D.

Damore's biology studies became a crux of a right-wing argument that he had credibility in claiming that biological differences between men and women explained a lack of gender diversity at Google. However, he cited shoddy data from Wikipedia and various journal articles to back up some of those claims, and Business Insider's Dana Varinsky was able to debunk many of them.


           Objective models for subjective quality estimate of stereoscopic video         
Malekmohamadi, Hossein (2013) Objective models for subjective quality estimate of stereoscopic video. PhD thesis, University of Surrey.
           Preparation of model complexes of non-haem oxygen carrier proteins and oxidase enzymes and evaluation of their catalytic behaviour         
Elcoate, Curtis Jay (2010) Preparation of model complexes of non-haem oxygen carrier proteins and oxidase enzymes and evaluation of their catalytic behaviour. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           Dinuclear polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes as stereoselective probes of nucleic acid secondary structures         
Smith, Jayden A. (2008) Dinuclear polypyridyl ruthenium(II) complexes as stereoselective probes of nucleic acid secondary structures. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
          Men underutilize mental health services        
Sociologist and researcher Dr. Flora Matheson, PhD of St. Michael’s Hospital discovered that Ontario women are far more likely to use mental health services compared to men. The same study showed that when men and women suffer from a physical illness (such as diabetes) plus a mental illness that they are more likely to use mental health services compared to […]
           Modelling & analysis of hybrid dynamic systems using a bond graph approach         
Margetts, Rebecca (2013) Modelling & analysis of hybrid dynamic systems using a bond graph approach. PhD thesis, University of Bath.
          Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita?        
Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita?
O Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita? Para entendermos melhor, vamos pegar o conceito de direita e esquerda para analisar a Alemanha Nazista.

Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita? - Conceito de direita e esquerda

A direta defende um Estado mínimo, que cuide somente das coisas essenciais, como justiça e segurança. A esquerda defende um Estado grande interventor, que garanta o direito das pessoas e que se meta em vários assuntos. A direita valoriza muito as liberdades individuais, enquanto a esquerda preza sempre pelo coletivo, o coletivo está sempre acima do interesse do indivíduo. Na direita nós temos o direito à propriedade privada assegurada, onde as pessoas determinam e fazem o que elas quiserem com a propriedade que é delas, enquanto a esquerda prega a propriedade comunitária. A direita também é a favor do livre mercado, da meritocracia, enquanto a direita prega cotas e estatização. Esses conceitos estando claros, agora vamos analisar como foi Regime Nazista na Alemanha.
Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita?

Analisando o Regime Nazista na Alemanha

Na Alemanha Nazista o Estado determinava o que produzir, quanto produzir e inclusive o preço das mercadorias. Você sabia que a Alemanha Nazista congelou os salários em 1934 e eles permaneceram com o mesmo valor até 1945. Uma simples venda para o exterior, exigia a apresentação de mais de 40 documentos. Fica muito claro que depois dessas informações, que na Alemanha de Hitler ,os proprietários não tinham liberdade para escolher o que fazer com sua propriedade, era uma propriedade privada só no papel, de fato na realidade, eles exerciam um papel muito semelhante a de um gerente.
A economia parcialmente descentralizada do Terceiro Reich esteve longe do modelo de uma economia clássica de mercado na qual a eficiência é alcançada pela ação do sistema livre de preços. Ricardo Luis Chaves Feijó PhD em Ciências Sociais

Já ouviram falar no episódio da Noite das Facas Longas que ocorreu em 1934, onde Hitler matou muitas lideranças conservadoras, aliás, o nome do partido de Hitler era "Partido Nacional Socialista dos Trabalhadores Alemães". O partido era formado principalmente por operários, que lutavam contra as grandes corporações. Aliás esse partido deu uma palestra que se intitulava "Como e por que meios o capitalismo deve ser eliminado", lembrando que Hitler mandou empresários para campos de concentração. 

Obviamente o Nazismo teve campos de concentração e fez genocídios, isso é muito claro, o que as pessoas talvez não consigam entender é que a União Soviética que era Socialista, fazia exatamente a mesma coisa. Na União Soviética existia perseguição a homossexuais, eles matavam e mandavam para campos de concentração, até hoje na Rússia existe esse tipo de preconceito e perseguição.

Para o Comunismo e pro Nazismo a natureza humana não é aceita como ela é, eles querem modificar, sempre criar uma sociedade melhor, sempre a mesma promessa, tanto de um lado quanto de outro.

Você sabia que se Hitler fosse vivo hoje, ele seria contra o "Escola sem partido", pois em 1933, Hitler instituiu algumas bases para a educação. A doutrinação não estava apenas na seleção do conteúdo, mas na maneira como os assuntos eram abordados, em matemática por exemplo, os jovens calculavam o custo de um doente mental para os cofres públicos, para justificar o programa de eutanásia nazista.
Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita?

Doutrinação marxista no Brasil

"Mas os socialistas e historiadores sempre dizem que o Nazismo era de direita". Obviamente na academia brasileira que é essencialmente marxista, todos os cursos tem um viés marxista, todos eles iram dizer que o Nazismo era de direita. Porém existe outros especialistas que não foram formados em academias marxistas, olha o que eles falam sobre o assunto:
As doutrinas pelas quais, na geração anterior, as lideranças alemãs tinham-se pautados não se opunham aos elementos socialistas do marxismo...HEYEK, Friederich
Agora mais uma prova de que o nazismo tem muito mais semelhança com o comunismo do que com o movimento conservador.
Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita?

Mais algumas provas que o Nazismo tem muito mais semelhanças com a esquerda

Exigências do Partido Nacional Socialista dos Trabalhadores Alemães

  • Divisão de lucros de indústrias pesadas
  • Proteção social na velhice
  • Socialização das grandes lojas de departamento
  • Reforma agrária
  • Programa nacional de educação


"Mas Hitler matou muitos comunistas". Stalin também matou muitos comunistas, pesquise e leia que você vai saber que o comunismo foi o movimento que mais matou comunistas.

Quer um desenho?
Nazismo foi um movimento de esquerda ou direita?


           Visuality and the virtual: mediation and control in network ecologies         
Coley, Rob (2013) Visuality and the virtual: mediation and control in network ecologies. PhD thesis, University of Lincoln.
           An exploration of design thinking across educational domains         
Cusens, Demelza and Byrd, Hugh (2013) An exploration of design thinking across educational domains. In: Design Learning for Tomorrow: Design Education from Kindergarten to PhD , 14-17th May, Oslo, Norway.
          Heartland Institute NIPCC Climate Denier Craig Idso: “Climate Change Is Good For You”        

This is a guest post by Kert Davies, cross-posted with permission from Climate Investigations Center.

This week the Heartland Institute will release another chapter of its NIPCC, the “not the IPCC” document that will tell you the opposite of the main message that’s been coming from the prestigious IPCC, namely that climate change is a threat to security, food and mankind and especially a threat to the world's poor, along with ecosystems worldwide including coral reefs, polar regions, and the wildlife and myriad of creatures these ecosystems support.

Heartland Institute on the other hand, in its NIPCC “Climate Change Reconsidered II: the Biological Impacts” document, will say that climate change is good for the world, will have a net benefit for both plants and human health. This is the latest line run by right wing think tanks like Heartland, the coal industry’s ACCCE coalition, Peabody Coal, the American Legislative Exchange Council, and echoed across the blogosphere by climate deniers.

This set of messaging and all 'reports' to back this line, all appear to be coming from one organization, the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change, and specifically from its chairman and former president, Craig Idso, one of the NIPCC’s lead authors, who has been arguing the same “C02 is beneficial” line for nearly 20 years, along with his father, Sherwood Idso.

Background

Craig Idso, his father Sherwood B. Idso, and brother Keith Idso, founded Arizona-based organization in 1998.

The Center's claimed mission is to “separate reality from rhetoric in the emotionally-charged debate that swirls around the subject of carbon dioxide and global change.” Its main publication is CO2 Science, a weekly magazine that features articles questioning the science verifying man-made climate change and its impacts.

In 2012, leaked documents from the Heartland Institute revealed that they were paying Craig Idso $11,600 a month for his NIPCC work.  We do not know how much Idso has been paid since that time, or prior.

The organization’s total funding peaked in 2009 at $1.5 million a year. Funders have included ExxonMobil (total, $100,000 since 1998), Donors Trust, Sarah Scaife Foundation and a number of other right wing funders. See Conservative Transparency for a recent (but not full) breakdown. The Center's IRS 990’s are here at Citizen Audit.

Publications produced by Craig Idso, with members of C02Science,org:

After founding the organisation, Idso got his PhD in geography at Arizona State University under the tutelage of one of the very early climate deniers employed by the fossil fuel industry, Robert C Balling Jr.

More resources at DeSmogBlog:  Craig Idso; Sherwood Idso

Idso, the Greening Earth Society and the Western Fuels Association

Robert Balling, Idso's mentor, was one of the leading scientists paid by the Greening Earth Society, the climate science-denying front group created by the Western Fuels Association, one of the first and earliest coal industry groups funding the denial of climate change. But the coal industry's line was not 'climate denial' but 'climate change is good for you'.  The Western Fuels Association is a cooperative of utilities and power companies supplying coal from the Powder River Basin in the western U.S.

Robert Balling was one of the seven scientists deployed by Western Fuels in the 1990s to challenge the prevailing consensus in climate science. Other names included some who are still on the core climate denial team today: Willie Soon and Patrick Michaels.

It was the Greening Earth Society for which Craig and Keith Idso penned a paper in 1995: “The Greening of the American West: The Atmosphere’s Rising CO2 Concentration Is Stimulating Woody Plant Growth in the U.S. Forests, Grasslands, and Deserts.”

Idso, Fred Palmer and Peabody Coal

From its inception, the Chair and CEO of the Western Fuels Association and the Greening Earth Society was Fred Palmer, who was also a registered lobbyist for the Western Fuels Association, a coalition of utility and coal companies.

Palmer is now the Senior Vice President of Government Relations at Peabody Energy (Peabody Coal). (Guardian backgrounder 2011), and was in the media in 2010 leading the charge for “green coal.”  He chaired the World Coal Association from 2010 to 2012.   Peabody is behind the recent climate denial hub “Advanced Energy for Life” campaign, working with Burson Marsteller as revealed by Climate Investigations Center.

From 2001-2002, Craig Idso served as Director of Environmental Science at Peabody Energy in St. Louis, MO.  This was to set up the long relationship with the company that continues to this day.

Idso and ACCCE Tout the Social Benefits of Carbon

The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity (ACCCE) is an industry group promoting coal, of which Peabody coal is a key corporate member.

There is a major fight heating up at the State and Federal level on how we set what the government calls the Social Cost of Carbon, a metric calculated by the Government on the harm carbon (C02) does the economy, to our health and to the planet. These social costs range from the medical bills and lost workdays (when a mother has to take her asthmatic child to the hospital), all the way to the impact of sea level rise on coastal communities.

In 2013, the EPA recalculated the social cost of carbon and increased the figure to  $35 per metric ton, up from $21. 

ACCCE and Peabody Coal retaliated by questioning why the Obama EPA didn’t included analysis of the benefits of CO2, enhancing agriculture, for instance.

As part of this argument, ACCCE released a report in January, entitled “The Social Costs of Carbon. No, the Social Benefits of Carbon” claiming the government is vastly underestimating the social benefits of coal as well as the benefits from the carbon dioxide pollution produced by burning that coal, including enhancing photosynthesis and agricultural productivity. DeSmogBlog has more details.

Footnotes of the report reveal ACCCE commissioned Craig Idso to undertake a study that appears to be a rehash of the work he has done for 20 years.  Idso's contracted study, titled “The Positive Externalities of Carbon Dioxide,” which makes up a large part of Chapter III of the ACCCE “Social Benefits” report.

Idso and ALEC

Idso’s “benefits of C02” was also a topic at the 2011 American Legislative Exchange Council Annual meeting. According to Sourcewatch, he spoke at a workshop of state legislators that was to be titled “Warming Up to Climate Change: The Many Benefits of Increased Atmospheric CO2.” The title was later changed to “Benefit Analysis of CO2”.

Idso was joined in that workshop by two other speakers and fellow climate skeptics, Roger Helmer and Robert Ferguson.[8]

ALEC has also used that same “CO2 is beneficial” line in submissions to the EPA.  

Idso told the audience that we “should let CO2 rise unrestricted, without government intervention”, a very different recommendation than that emanating from the IPCC and the vast majority of the world's climate scientists.
 

Image credit: Head in the sand like an ostrich via Shutterstock.


          The Abdominal Training Secrets Interview-Final        
The Abdominal Training Secrets Interview
With Tom Venuto, NSCA-CPT, CSCS
www.BurnTheFat.com
And David Grisaffi, CHEK, CFT, PN
www.FlattenYourAbs.net




TV: Ok, let’s talk about core training now. A lot of people have heard of core training because it has now filtered into the mainstream, with best selling books, videos and exercise classes at health clubs and so on, but for the people who still don’t know what core training is could you give a simple explanation?

DG: Training the core is a very important issue for all people of all ages. There are two different muscular systems at work when dealing with core conditioning. They are referred to as the inner unit, which consists of the transverse abdominis, diaphragm, multifidus and pelvic floor these are deep abdominal muscles and are important to core stability and function. Then there are the outer unit muscles, which are all the prime movers of our skeleton system. You must get the inner unit working well before you embark on a hard core conditioning program.When conditioning your core, think of yourself as a big top spinning with everything emanating from the middle (core) out. If you wobble in the middle, you will, in theory, become off balance and fall over faster. This sets yourself up for decreased performance and increased injury potential. Show me a weak core and I will show you many orthopedic injuries. Remember, getting injured should never be part of an exercise program. To prevent injury, develop a base and concentrate on building a functional inner unit. Protecting the spine is high on the hierarchy of survival. To protect the spine and its important function, we must understand what makes the inner and outer unit muscles work. Working the inner unit muscles simply leads to better core control.Your ability to respond to situations in everyday life from bending down to get your keys you dropped on the ground to putting your baby in his or her crib will be greatly enhanced when you have trained this system correctly. An important point I’d like to make is that most people do not get a good evaluation before starting a core training program. People just jump right into a core conditioning class or advanced movements they see in a magazine and this leads to many orthopedic injuries. I’m not saying they need a PhD in functional anatomy, but they should know what type, how much and how long they should do each and every exercise.

TV: You talk about functional training and functional movement in your program – what’s that all about?

DG: Functional training is popular today as it well should be. It really revolves around integrated, multi-dimensional movements that sometimes change speed in all planes of motion. I don’t want to get into a deep discussion about exercise kinesiology or biomechanics, so just think of everyday life: How many leg extensions or leg curls do you perform in everyday life as compared to squats? Squatting down is a natural, everyday movement. In other words, it’s “functional.” I strongly suggest avoiding the overuse of machines and starting to design your training in a functional manner.

TV: You also mention the word “integration” frequently through out your book, what do you mean by that?

DG: This is connected to the functional training I was just talking about. Like I said before, it means we do not condition or train by isolating muscles. We bring together all the muscles of the body to work as a unit – that’s integration. Try to do a bicep curl on a machine, then do a curl with a single heavy dumbbell. You will notice right away that your entire body must stabilize and work together for you to curl that dumbbell.There are times you have to break this law, such as after knee surgery when you will not squat until you’ve done some leg extensions with the physical therapist, or in the case of bodybuilders who intentionally isolate, but those are the exceptions not the rule.

TV: On your www.flattenyourabs.net web page, you say that your program will help prevent and even eliminate back pain. Why do you think so many people have back pain, what does ab training have to do with it and how does your course help eliminate back pain or help avoid getting it in the first place?

DG: Great questions. Most back pain comes from the inability to stabilize the spine. We are designed to sit upright and move, not sit all day long. Did you know that sitting acutely raises pressure between each spinal segment? Each segment has stabilizer muscles (the multifidus). When we perform our desk job or sit at computers your stabilizer muscles do not have to work as hard, so they become weaker. Why would they work when that 300 dollar chair does it for them? Then we think we can go out and play 18 holes of golf and POW the back goes out! Do this experiment: Sit on a Swiss ball fitted for your height and you will notice a big difference in the way you sit at your desk. You excite those spinal muscles to do their jobs. There are plenty of exercises to help with this with in the e book. To get relief from minor back pain or to prevent back pain in general you must work the entire inner unit and core muscles.

TV: You were talking earlier about developing a base and adding layers. I know that a lot of people start a strength training program to look and feel better but their workouts actually cause injuries and back problems because they use bad form or they pick exercises that are too advanced for their level of fitness. In your program, I noticed you have the routines set up in levels of difficulty – 7 levels actually – and you talk about the importance of developing the right foundation with simple conditioning exercises for the first few weeks, then gradually moving into the more challenging movements. How do you know where to start and which exercises to choose and which to avoid so that you don’t hurt yourself by doing something over your head? I mean, I know you wouldn’t train one of your overweight clients on their first workout the same way you train your pro boxers, right?

DG: There are some simple abdominal tests in the eBook that will give every person a baseline to start. For as long as I’ve been doing this I have found very few people – even good athletes - that pass the tests the first time. Each person should start at the beginning. The question is how long do you stay at each level. An athlete will advance faster due to a better integrated nervous system. But everyone should start off slow!

TV: David, if there’s so much misleading and false information on abdominal machines and fat reduction on TV and in the magazines these days, how do they keep getting away with it and why don’t more people know about the techniques you teach?

DG: Some people do know about the types of training I use, just not the mainstream yet. Also many of the ads for ab training call for minimum work. …Flat abs in 3 minutes a day is quite appealing to most couch potatoes, so they keep buying it.

TV: I agree totally. I saw that they have “six second abs” now and people are actually buying this stuff. Ok, one last question. I know your eBook has dozens of ab training and fat loss tips, and you’ll probably say, “Just buy the book,” but would you indulge us and tell us three of your most important secrets for getting firm and flat abdominals?

DG: Sure… ONE, Get a proper evaluation. I would suggest looking up a CHEK practitioner in your area. There are many things that can help you with rock hard abs. But without knowing your metabolic type, stress levels, food intolerance, eating proper organic foods to avoid pesticides, chemicals and so on, you could go round and round and never get those abs. In other words, fix your insides so you outsides look great! TWO, do not stop learning - continue educating yourself. Most plans are doomed from the start because people tend to want the quick fix so they fall for gimmicks that with a little education they would know better.THREE, follow the exercises with proper form. Do not just go through the motions to get the reps done.

TV: This has been great David, definitely very enlightening and again, I really appreciate your time, thank you. If someone wants to contact you or if someone wants to order a copy of your e-book where can they find it?

DG: Well Tom, thank you and thanks for your great web sites and information. You’re a great person to work with and I salute your commitment to natural fitness and health. I can be reached at my website and you can also get the full information about the FIRM AND FLATTEN YOUR ABS program there as well. The site URL is www.flattenyourabs.net

TV: Thanks again David, It’s been a pleasure.

Click here to visit David Grisaffi’s Flatten Your Abs Website

About the Authors:

david_grisaffi.gifDavid Grisaffi majored in physical education and holds multiple certifications including 3 from the prestigious CHEK Institute: Level II high Performance Exercise Kinesiologist, Golf Biomechanic, and health and lifestyle counselor. He's also certified by the ISSA as a personal trainer and specialist in performance nutrition. David has been a high school wrestling and baseball coach and is currently an independent trainer and strength coach. He has been sought after by some of the top athletes in professional sports including world champion boxer Greg Haugen and professional golfer Michael Putnam. David’s ebook, Firm And Flatten Your Abs is an online best seller which teaches you how develop “six pack abs" while improving strength, function and athletic power at the same time. Find out more at www.FlattenYourAbs.net

tom venutoTom Venuto is a lifetime natural bodybuilder, an NSCA-certified personal trainer (CPT) and a certified strength & conditioning specialist (CSCS). Tom is the author of the #1 best-selling e-book, "Burn the Fat, Feed The Muscle,” which teaches you how to get lean without drugs or supplements using the secrets of the world's best bodybuilders and fitness models. Learn how to get rid of stubborn body fat and increase your metabolism by visiting: www.burnthefat.com.



          Kaggle’s Data Science Community to Solve Public Problems with Commerce Open Data        

Quick quiz:

  • Which state has the highest percentage of working moms?
  • Who’s more employed—people with bachelor’s degrees or doctorates?
  • Who earns more income—people who get to work at 7 am, 8 am or 7 pm?
Counselor Justin Antonipillai and Kaggle CEO  Anthony Goldbloom.

When we think about the information that the American people should have at our fingertips to make decisions about the way we live and work, the above data is exactly the kind that needs to be accessible and available. And when Commerce—“America’s Data Agency”—issued a call to the private sector to get our data out to those who are not accessing it directly, these were exactly the kinds of answers we were looking for. You have seen our prior call for help for the public good, and Kaggle is one of those companies that have stepped up to the challenge.

With Commerce public datasets loaded on to the Kaggle platform, you can find the answers to the above questions. In fact, “Kagglers”—members of the Kaggle community—analyzed data from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, the nation’s premier source for information about America’s changing population, housing and workforce, to challenge conventional wisdom with these answers.

Kaggle has committed to putting valuable Commerce datasets in front of its global community of data scientists, developers and coders. Making public data more open and accessible in this way helps democratize our data, promote data equality, and show what’s possible when the private and nonprofits sectors collaborate to take public data and run with it to address public problems.

Kaggle’s Response to the Challenge of Data Inequality

As Anthony will tell you, Kaggle’s mission is to help the world learn from data, making it easier for researchers, data scientists, and hobbyists to work collaboratively on reproducible projects by allowing data, code, and discussion to live and grow in a single ecosystem.

Responding to the Department’s call to address data inequality, Kaggle has committed to taking a series of publicly available Commerce datasets from the US Patent and Trademark Office and the US Census Bureau and others, and challenge the Kaggle community to solve public problems. Kagglers will be challenged to analyze innovation, creativity, and technological progress in the United States, and dig deeply into the stories of how Americans live and work to uncover insights about our country.

And, how does putting Commerce datasets on the Kaggle platform and before the Kaggle community help address data inequality?

First, by publishing datasets into an active data science community of around 700,000 Kagglers, where sharing insights, analytic approaches or methods and learning is the norm, there is a real opportunity to bring insights from this data to people, charities, nonprofits and small companies around the country. In addition to data, the Kaggle platform offers conversational threads, visual stories and a repository of documented code to accompany datasets prepared for analysis.

Second, Kaggle also runs machine-learning competitions in domains ranging from the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy to the classification of galaxies, and brings together machine-learning veterans and students with varied academic and professional backgrounds. Datasets shared on Kaggle enable data scientists, researchers, and others who work with data, to find and share anything from civic statistics to European soccer matches for open community collaboration. This permits combining consistent access to public data with reproducible analysis, visibility of results, and conversations on forums with others interested in the data.

The ability to combine our Commerce data with other public data sets could bring insights that may not exist in our data alone.

Third, the in-browser analytics platform, Kaggle Kernels, will allow open analysis, visualization, and modeling of the Commerce data sets, as you’ll see illustrated below. Each Commerce dataset will be accompanied by a repository of code and insights, which enables quick learning and active contribution by the whole community.

The goal of all of this is to enable data scientists to find critical insights in our data and share them with the American people.

Kaggle will post more Commerce public datasets soon. We look forward to giving you an update—and of course, getting your thoughts, insights and comments.

– Justin and Anthony

PS: Here are the answers to the quiz at the top of this blog:

Kaggle Kernel, involving over 11,000 data scientists, found that Americans who  start their day around 8 am earn the most.

Kaggle Kernel, involving over 11,000 data scientists, found that Americans who start their day around 8 am earn the most.

This Kaggle Kernel  investigated whether it  pays to pursue a PhD and the best states to find a job post-degree. The analysis has received over  30,000 views and nearly 90 other data scientists have created reproducible  forks of the code.

This Kaggle Kernel investigated whether it pays to pursue a PhD and the best states to find a job post-degree. The analysis has received over 30,000 views and nearly 90 other data scientists have created reproducible forks of the code.

One working mother and data scientist uses the rich data provided by the Census Commerce American Communities Survey to explore the stories of American working moms in this Kaggle Kernel viewed by over 14,000 people.

One working mother and data scientist uses the rich data provided by the Census Commerce American Communities Survey to explore the stories of American working moms in this Kaggle Kernel viewed by over 14,000 people.


          pembangunan masjid dan gerak-kerja di pondok..        


- ini adalah rumah baru yang sedang dibina sendiri oleh ustaz johar ( ikat batu sendiri ) baru 3 hari raya sahaja ..beliau dengan gigih berusaha membuat rumah yang selesa untuk diri dan keluarga... beliau bekerja sebagai tenaga pengajar di pondok dengan takde gaji tetap tetapi dengan elaun mengajar di surau & masjid dikumpul sedikit-sedikit , dengan izin ALLAH TAALA...akhirnya berdiri juga rumah beliau sendiri .

- moral of the story : jangan mengeluh apabila diuji kesusahan dan jangan riak bila diuji kelimpahan rezeki ...selalulah rajin beramal , berusaha dan bertawakal , insyaallah rezeki kamu ALLAH TAALA akan beri sehingga diluar kemampuan kamu berfikir...

# kadang2 terkagum melihat kesederhanaan dan keyakinan para guru-guru pondok..sentiasa sihatcergasceria dan tenang ...( walaupun tidak mewah dan sekolah sampai PHD ..tetapi yang pelik masjid utama pasir-putih selalu panggil mereka jadi tenaga pengajar walaupun dalam masjid ada lulusan AL-AZHAR , JORDON , AMERIKA , UK dan UNIVERSITI di MALAYSIA ..)








alhamdullillah , saya berasa bangga ngan perkembangan pembangunan masjid di pondok ..ia bergerak perlahan-perlahan mengikut kemampuan kewangan yang ada ..tetapi tok guru sentiasa optimis dan yakin , insyaallah masjid ini akan dibina dan siap jua...hanya masa yang menentukan...
          ASU Sustainability and Design Team Develop Award-Winning Project in Hawai’i        
Since August 2016, an interdisciplinary team of ASU design and sustainability students and faculty have been working on a group project called “Water is Life” with local Hawai’ians to imagine a more sustainable Hawai’i. We followed up with Leah Gibbons, PhD student, Sustainability; Paul Coseo, Assistant Professor, The Design School; and Chingwen Cheng, Assistant Professor, … Continue reading ASU Sustainability and Design Team Develop Award-Winning Project in Hawai’i
           Agency and structure in cultural production. a case study of news work at Canada's CBC Newsworld         
Hogarth, David (1992) Agency and structure in cultural production. a case study of news work at Canada's CBC Newsworld. PhD thesis, Concordia University.
           The appearance of shared meanings : ambiguity and humour in police communication         
Lennox, Jenepher A (1992) The appearance of shared meanings : ambiguity and humour in police communication. PhD thesis, Concordia University.
           Dark devils in the saddle : a discursive analysis of tourist and entertainment formations constituting Western Canadian regional identity         
Burgess, Marilyn (1992) Dark devils in the saddle : a discursive analysis of tourist and entertainment formations constituting Western Canadian regional identity. PhD thesis, Concordia University.
          Body Manipulating Mind Manipulating Body and Mind        
I was not a good professor. This was not because I could not think well; it was because I did not think well. I had been an excellent student from Grade 1 up through the last year of my PhD program, earning good grades and
          CITRUS FRUITS FOR ANTI CANCER BENEFITS        
According to Richard Beliveau, PhD, & Denis Gingras, PhD (Cooking with Foods that Fight Cancer), citrus fruits are packed with cancer fighting benefits, and may be among the fruits with the greatest cancer fighting potential. This is especially true in the fight against cancers of the digestive track, esophagus, mouth, and stomach cancers.

The anti cancer benefits of citrus fruits are mainly found in the significant quantities of monoterpenes and flavanones, two classes of compounds that are believed to cut the risks of cancers of the digestive track in half. These compounds reduce cancer risks in two significant ways. First, they interfere with some of the processes necessary for cancer cell growth, making it difficult for tumours to develop, and second, they inhibit inflammation, an important stimulus for cancer cell growth.

The consumption of citrus fruits has been known to cause problems for people taking various medications due to its ability to inhibit the elimination of certain substances from the bloodstream, but this same ability is also found to have anti cancer benefits under normal conditions, in that it also slows down the removal of anti cancer molecules within the body from other healthy foods, allowing them to remain in the bloodstream for longer periods of time. This ability maximizes the anti cancer benefits of other healthy foods that have been eaten. So, in addition to being an excellent source of vitamin C, citrus fruits can aid in the prevention of cancer.
          Matlab code for materials studio        
Hi
Thank you for your attention. I have been working on matlab code for years. I am planning to use materials studio for my PhD research. I want to customize this software using matlab code. Can any one help me start the process? Thank you very much for your kind assistance. With best regards
Abul Huq
          Re: Matlab code for materials studio        
"Abul Huq" <anisulhuq93@yahoo.com> wrote in message <ieansc$8vh$1@fred.mathworks.com>...
> Hi
> Thank you for your attention. I have been working on matlab code for years. I am planning to use materials studio for my PhD research. I want to customize this software using matlab code. Can any one help me start the process? Thank you very much for your kind assistance. With best regards
> Abul Huq

What kind of thing did you have in mind?
          Re: Matlab code for materials studio        
"Nic Roberts" <dingtheking@googlemail.com> wrote in message <ieasjo$2fm$1@fred.mathworks.com>...
> "Abul Huq" <anisulhuq93@yahoo.com> wrote in message <ieansc$8vh$1@fred.mathworks.com>...
> > Hi
> > Thank you for your attention. I have been working on matlab code for years. I am planning to use materials studio for my PhD research. I want to customize this software using matlab code. Can any one help me start the process? Thank you very much for your kind assistance. With best regards
> > Abul Huq
>
> What kind of thing did you have in mind?

Thanks Nic
We are planning to control the energies of both sides of a thin film of polymer blend for photovoltaics. One side will have Si substrate and the other will have PDMS. Properties of both sides will be controlled by UVO exposer time. Then we shall anneal the sandwich. Subsequently we shall characterize the sample. The whole process will also be simulated by the theories of computational chemistry. Then we shall make device using this active material and interpret results from electrical properties of the active the materials derived from simulation. The whole process requires customized software. Since Materials Studio is a very powerful software, we would like to customize it by linking Matlab code that I am planning to write. Thanks once again for your reply. I look forward to receiving valuable advice from you. With best personal regards from Akron, OH.
Abul
          Reason # 1 to be excited about 2010: The renaissance of artisan food in Britain        

The School of Artisan Food (SAF) in a newly renovated 19th century fire station on the Welbeck Estate (photo courtesy SAF)


Breadmaking class at the school (photo courtesy SAF)


Freshly baked bread in the classroom (my photo, beautiful eh?)


I want this oven, sadly it would take up my entire Bloomsbury kitchen (same classroom as above)


Wood-fired oven for bread baking, toasty to stand next to during this cold snap I imagine


Spik and span classroom kitchen - check out the marble surfaces!


Delicious SAF sausages and homemade buns


A big block of Stichelton - who needs canapes when you can have cheese?


Ray Smith butcher of River Cottage fame who teaches charcuterie and butchery at SAF


When Camilla Barnard of cereal company Rude Health and I trekked up one frosty November's day to the opening of the School of Artisan Food we were both struck by

a) how good the SAF sausages were

b) how perfect a big block of stichelton was in lieu of canapes

c) how much tweed was in attendance (and what magnificent tweed it was)

and

d) how conspicuous the absence of London food writers, bloggers and journalists was

While I love nothing more than a good artisanal sausage and we both thoroughly enjoyed our day trip to SAF, I couldn't help think metropolitan foodies had missed a trick in not attending the opening.

My adopted homeland has a food heritage we should all be proud of, and I hope 2010 will prove to be the year British artisan food gets the credit it deserves. Central to the burgeoning renaissance of British artisan food will be the School of Artisan Food, a new project which Harry West my SOAS anthropology tutor is principal academic advisor of. Harry asked me to teach at the school when the diploma programme starts this September - a daunting task! - and I'll be doing my PhD fieldwork on the state of artisan bread in this country so I am embedded and therefore totally biased. Objectivity is certainly not part of my DNA when it comes to artisan food!

Why does a school of artisan food matter? I've had more than a few snide remarks from those who claim to love food that SAF sounds as if it will merely cater to posh twits with a seemingly unhealthy interest in posh twit (ie. artisan) food. Or give bored, rich housewives something to do in between painting their nails and bleeding their banker husbands' accounts dry. In a country still lamentably obsessed with class, an interest in food is curiously frowned upon - even by those who ostensibly love good food.

Suffice to say the mind boggled when I first arrived in 1999 to study in a country so class-fixated and snotty about food. I grew up spending summers foraging and fishing whilst helping my grandparents on their farm in western Norway. My parents firmly believe good food and commensality is essential to health and happiness, not to mention a good quality of life. It was inculcated in me from an early age that proper food is a right, not a privilege.

That's why the School of Artisan Food is so exciting: the first not-for-profit school of its kind in Europe which will teach the practical skills of baking, brewing, cheesemaking and butchery alongside business and management courses essential to creating a viable artisan food business. The academic component of SAF's diploma will give meaning and context to the artisan food world by teaching the history of industrialisation of food, terroir in the 21st century and food anthropology, amongst other subjects; luminaries from the food world such as Randolph Hodgson of Neal's Yard Dairy are involved in SAF, along with master baker Emmanuel Hadjandreou and butchery supremo Ray Smith from the River Cottage. This is not a school for romantics, but for those with fierce ambition and - excuse the pun - a real hunger for success in the artisan food business.

Whilst the diploma is a rigorous vocational degree that will train the artisans of the future in both the practical and academic skills they need, SAF also offers short courses such as the fundamentals of cheesemaking, basic brewing, game in a day, butchery and baking techniques, etc. The short courses are perfect for those of you keen beans who want to delve a little deeper into your favourite food subject but can't necessarily take the time off to do a full diploma. Go on, forget the expensive gym membership - spend your money on a mould and maturation course!

You don't have to be a nerdy fermentophile like me to be excited about this, though if you still have doubts check out Rose Prince's article on SAF in the Telegraph from last summer here, the Guardian dispatched Emma Sturgess to join a breadmaking class at SAF in the autumn, which you can read about here and finally if you remain unconvinced the New York Times features SAF in this piece "British Artisanal Food Gains New Champions"


As I've always maintained, what the world needs is more bakers, not bankers. Get thee up to SAF and find out for yourself why!

--

The School of Artisan Food
Lower Motor Yard
Welbeck
Nottinghamshire
S80 3LR

Email: info@schoolofartisanfood.org

Phone: 01909 532171

Nearest train station: Retford (on the London King's Cross-Leeds line) train journey takes ca. 1 hr 40 minutes
          Comment on Spotlight Interview: Ruth Loos, PhD by EASO Newsletter January 2016 - EASO        
[…] Read more about Ruth. […]
          Girls Prep Announces 3-Year Partnership with BioBus Mobile Science Labs        

Girls Prep Announces Landmark Three Year Partnership with BioBus to Develop the Next Generation of Female Engineers, Scientists and Mathematicians

 

Partnership to Cultivate an Early Love of Science to be Featured at the Advancing Girls in STEM Conference at the Franklin Institute, Philadelphia's Premier Science Museum

 

New York, NY (March 1, 2017): On the first day of Women’s History Month, two premier all-girls public charter schools in New York City - Girls Prep Lower East Side and Girls Prep Bronx - announced an innovative, three-year partnership with BioBus, a non-profit that engages PhD and Masters-level scientists to share their expertise and knowledge by creating hands-on learning experiences that can inspire young women’s interest and passion for STEM-related careers.

Founded in 2005 and 2009, respectively, Girls Prep Lower East Side and Girls Prep Bronx now educate nearly 1,500 almost exclusively low-income, African-American and Hispanic female scholars in grades PrePrep through 8th grade. Girls Prep has distinguished itself in cultivating an early love of math and science among girls, especially with its unique math and science structure in elementary school. Beginning in Kindergarten, Girls Prep scholars attend science class, taught by science-only instructors; and a daily Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI) class to develop their mathematical thinking. Girls Prep has also departmentalized, with math-only teachers, starting from third grade. In 2016, 99% of Girls Prep Bronx and Girls Prep Lower East Side fourth graders passed the 2016 NY State Science Exam.

 

 

Ian Rowe, CEO of Public Prep said, “By establishing a strong foundation in math and science, Girls Prep and BioBus will help young girls develop a lasting love of inquiry, critical thinking and problem solving. This will in turn ignite a curiosity of STEM related pathways by young women, which is ultimately what's needed to bridge the race and gender gap in STEM fields.” 

Over the next three years, Girls Prep and BioBus will have a multi-faceted partnership that includes the following components:

  • Beginning in 2017-18, BioBus and Girls Prep will launch an afterschool science program for Girls Prep Lower East Side and Girls Prep Bronx middle school scholars.

  • BioBus scientists will develop the curriculum and the class will be led by Girls Prep staff.

  • BioBus will provide Professional Development for facilitators, visits to Girls Prep from BioBus scientists, and host field trip visits to BioBase community labs for girls to conduct experiments using state-of-the-art equipment.

  • BioBus mobile labs will make site visits at each of the four Girls Prep elementary and middle school campuses, which will provide hands-on lessons aboard the BioBus in subjects such as comparative anatomy, micro-biology, ecology and cell biology.  

  • A BioBus Living Environment Regents Prep Course will be offered at Girls Prep middle school campuses, providing scholars with the opportunity to use advanced, compound video microscopes while working alongside research scientists in preparation for the Living Environment Regents Exam.

 

Sarah Weisberg, Chief Scientist at BioBus, said “I am thrilled that Girls Prep is embarking upon a multi-year collaboration with BioBus. I imagine a future in which all students, regardless of background, can access opportunities to do authentic science research and in-depth, hands-on experiments outside of school - and become prepared for a lifetime of engagement with science.”

As part of a unique collaboration between district and charter schools, girls in District 1 on the Lower East Side of Manhattan will be invited to participate in the Girls Prep/BioBus partnership. Daniella Phillips, District 1 Community Superintendent said, “Whether it is the District 1 Middle School Regents Academy in which Girls Prep scholars were invited to participate, or this wonderful BioBus/Girls Prep collaboration in which District 1 female scholars will do hands-on science, it is important that public charter and district schools find ways to partner in service to our students."

On March 17, The Agnes Irwin School and its Center for the Advancement of Girls will feature the Girls Prep/BioBus partnership at Sharing Solutions: Advancing Girls in STEM, a two-day think tank and conference, held at the Franklin Institute in Philadelphia. Given that the theme of the conference is "Partnering for Impact," BioBus and Girls Prep are being featured to help identify the key ingredients for what makes a sustainable partnership.

***

Girls Prep Lower East Side was founded in 2005 as the first and only all-girls public charter school in New York City; and Girls Prep Bronx was founded in 2009 to serve female scholars in the South Bronx. Girls Prep alumnae have now been accepted into some of the nation’s most prestigious colleges, including Yale University, Stephens College, St. John’s University and Howard University. Girls Prep is part of Public Prep, the nation’s only non-profit network that exclusively develops exceptional, tuition-free PreK and single-sex elementary and middle public schools. We are determined to graduate 8th grade scholars who thrive in “right-fit,” high-performing public, private, or parochial high schools, and ultimately earn a degree from a four-year college or university.

Founded in 2008, BioBus works towards a future in which all people can fulfill their scientific potential. BioBus cultivates this vision by creating immersive laboratory environments in which scientists join students for hands-on scientific exploration. This new kind of laboratory space is accessible and unintimidating, facilitating scientific engagement even amongst populations historically underrepresented in science professions. Within this space, scientists share their expertise and knowledge through direct, hands-on experiences, allowing participants to reshape their view of science through participation in the discovery process.


          Infoxicated Corner: Spotlight Series 2016: Poems by Yolanda J. Franklin        
        Yolanda J. Franklin’s work is forthcoming or has appeared in African American Review, Sugar House Review, Crab Orchard Review’s American South Issue, and The Hoot & Howl of the Owl Anthology of Hurston Wright Writers’ Week. Her awards include a 2012 and 2014 Cave Canem fellowship, the 2013 Kingsbury Award, two nominations from FSU for Best New Poets (2013 & 2014). She is the recipient of several writing retreat scholarships, including a summer at the Fine Arts Work Center in Provincetown, Squaw Valley Community of Writer’s, Postgraduate Writer’s Conference Manuscript Conference at VCFA, the Callaloo Poetry Workshop in Barbados and Colrain’s Poetry Manuscript Workshop. Her collection of poems, Ruined Nylons, was a finalist for the 2013 Crab Orchard Series in Poetry Award. She is also a graduate of Lesley University’s MFA Writing Program and is a third-year PhD student at Florida State University.
          Infoxicated Corner: Spotlight Series 2016: Poems by Saba Syed Razvi        
Saba Syed Razvi is the author of In the Crocodile Gardens (Agape Editions, 2016). She is currently an Assistant Professor of English and Creative Writing at the University of Houston in Victoria, TX. Her poems have appeared journals and such as The Offending Adam, Diner, THEThe Poetry Blog, The Homestead Review, NonBinary Review, 10×3 plus, 13th Warrior Review, The Arbor Vitae Review, and Arsenic Lobster, among others, as well as in anthologies such as Voices of Resistance: Muslim Women on War Faith and Sexuality, The Loudest Voice Anthology: Volume 1, The Liddell Book of Poetry, and is forthcoming in Political Punch: The Poetics of Identity. She has been honored by James A. Michener, Fania Kruger, and Virginia C Middleton Fellowships. She earned a PhD in Literature & Creative Writing in 2012 at the University of […]
           Calcite Precipitation from Aqueous solution: Transformation from Vaterite and Role of Solution Stoichiometry         
Thesis -PhD Nehrke, G. (2007) Calcite Precipitation from Aqueous solution: Transformation from Vaterite and Role of Solution Stoichiometry , PhD thesis, Universität Utrecht, Niederlande. hdl:10013/epic.26286
          Cracking the science of Christmas        
The Naked Scientists have Christmas unwrapped with a look at the science behind our favourite festive traditions, including how to pick the perfect present, the psychology behind board games and how to avoid hangovers. Plus, Star Wars science, a chocolate-covered PhD and Santa's tech-upgrade!
          2nd Thematic Issue, May 2016        
The Faculty Of Education announces the publication of the 2nd Thematic Issue of MENON: Journal Of Educational Research
 
The scope of the MENON is broad, both in terms of topics covered and disciplinary perspective, since the journal attempts to make connections between fields, theories, research methods, and scholarly discourses, and welcomes contributions on humanities, social sciences and sciences related to educational issues. It publishes original empirical and theoretical papers as well as reviews. Topical collections of articles appropriate to ΜΕΝΟΝ regularly appear as special issues (thematic issues).
 

 

 

INTRODUCTION TO THEMATIC ISSUE

“The Use of History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education”

The question of the integration of the History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education has been discussed since the 20th century by Educators (Barwell, Brousseau, Freudental, Piaget), Philosophers (Bachelard), Mathematicians (Klein, Poincare), and Historians of Mathematics (Loria, Smith), who have supported the proposal and have given arguments on the interest and challenges in school Mathematics courses.

Since the 1960s the use of the history of mathematics in mathematics education has become more popular and many papers in scientific journals, books, proceedings of conferences and groups of researchers have focused on this in contrast to the paradigm of the “modern mathematics” reform. We can find many didactical situations, mathematical problems, teaching series but also empirical and theoretical studies, Master and Phd level dissertations on the role and the ways of using historical, social and cultural elements in the teaching of mathematics. During the 2nd International Congress on Mathematics Education (ICME) in 1972 we have the creation of an International research group (International study group on the relation between the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics (HPM)) which organizes a congress every 4 years. The idea of a European Summer University (ESU) on the Epistemology and History in Mathematics Education started from the Instituts Universitaires de Formation de Maîtres (IUFM) in France, and an ESU is organized every three years in different European countries. Since 2009 in the context of the Congress of the European Society for Mathematics Education (CERME) we have also the appearance of a discussion group on The Role of History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education: Theory and Research (WG 12). This group also concentrates on empirical research. We should also mention the publication of the ICMI study History in mathematics education: the ICMI study (Fauvel & van Maanen, 2000) which presents the state of the art until this period. 

Since the publication of this study, researchers address in a more demanding way questions about the efficacy and pertinence of many efforts (examples) of applications in classrooms. They are also wondering about the transferability of positive experiences from educators on different levels of education. They are considering questions on the capacity of students but also of educators when they were in front of the difficulties of studying the historical aspect of many notions.

Recently researchers΄ activities are moving to investigations in terms of didactic and educational foundations from which they believe that it could be possible to think better about the role of the history of mathematics in the teaching and learning of mathematics and the development of theoretical and conceptual frameworks which could provide the required equipment for the production of finer and more focus investigations.

These issues include, among others, the educational and teaching foundations of a cultural-historical perspective in the classroom, the need to give voice to community stakeholders about the introduction and more broadly, the nature and the terms of the empirical investigation prevailing in the research environment.

Parallel to these advancements in research, an attempt to humanize Mathematics is increasingly present in the mathematics curricula worldwide.

For over 20 years, the presence of the history of mathematics in training teachers’ environments has increased considerably in many countries. However, despite the different objectives associated with the introduction of the history of mathematics in training mathematics teachers, this presence, implicit or explicit, took the form of specific initiatives for each establishment of teacher training.

By browsing through the literature since 1990, it is possible to classify the empirical studies on the use of history in the mathematics classroom into two categories: studies that relate to the narrative of grounded experiences and quantitative studies on a larger scale.

Overall, it appears necessary to restore the research field on the introduction of History in the teaching and learning of mathematics within Didactics of mathematics and more generally with the educational sciences. This repositioning should enable research to get inspired from the contexts of the exploratory work from Humanities as well as theoretical, conceptual and methodological issues from the Didactics of mathematics and educational sciences.

This issue includes eight invited papers. Six papers are written in English and two in French. Each text is accompanied by an abstract in English. The following papers discuss specific issues in the domain of Using History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education and are ordered according to the instructional level; from elementary school to the university and in service teachers training.

 
This open access journal welcomes papers in English, as well in German and French. Allsubmitted manuscripts undergo a peer-review process. Based on initial screening by the editorial board, each paper is anonymized and reviewed by at least two referees.  Referees are reputed within their academic or professional setting, and come from Greece and other European countries. In case one of the reports is negative, the editor decides on its publication.
MENON © is published at University of Western Macedonia – Faculty Of Education.
 
 

          MENON online Journal Of Educational Research, 2nd Thematic Issue        

INTRODUCTION TO THEMATIC ISSUE

“The Use of History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education”

The question of the integration of the History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education has been discussed since the 20th century by Educators (Barwell, Brousseau, Freudental, Piaget), Philosophers (Bachelard), Mathematicians (Klein, Poincare), and Historians of Mathematics (Loria, Smith), who have supported the proposal and have given arguments on the interest and challenges in school Mathematics courses.

Since the 1960s the use of the history of mathematics in mathematics education has become more popular and many papers in scientific journals, books, proceedings of conferences and groups of researchers have focused on this in contrast to the paradigm of the “modern mathematics” reform. We can find many didactical situations, mathematical problems, teaching series but also empirical and theoretical studies, Master and Phd level dissertations on the role and the ways of using historical, social and cultural elements in the teaching of mathematics. During the 2nd International Congress on Mathematics Education (ICME) in 1972 we have the creation of an International research group (International study group on the relation between the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics (HPM)) which organizes a congress every 4 years. The idea of a European Summer University (ESU) on the Epistemology and History in Mathematics Education started from the Instituts Universitaires de Formation de Maîtres (IUFM) in France, and an ESU is organized every three years in different European countries. Since 2009 in the context of the Congress of the European Society for Mathematics Education (CERME) we have also the appearance of a discussion group on The Role of History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education: Theory and Research (WG 12). This group also concentrates on empirical research. We should also mention the publication of the ICMI study History in mathematics education: the ICMI study (Fauvel & van Maanen, 2000) which presents the state of the art until this period. 

Since the publication of this study, researchers address in a more demanding way questions about the efficacy and pertinence of many efforts (examples) of applications in classrooms. They are also wondering about the transferability of positive experiences from educators on different levels of education. They are considering questions on the capacity of students but also of educators when they were in front of the difficulties of studying the historical aspect of many notions.

Recently researchers΄ activities are moving to investigations in terms of didactic and educational foundations from which they believe that it could be possible to think better about the role of the history of mathematics in the teaching and learning of mathematics and the development of theoretical and conceptual frameworks which could provide the required equipment for the production of finer and more focus investigations.

These issues include, among others, the educational and teaching foundations of a cultural-historical perspective in the classroom, the need to give voice to community stakeholders about the introduction and more broadly, the nature and the terms of the empirical investigation prevailing in the research environment.

Parallel to these advancements in research, an attempt to humanize Mathematics is increasingly present in the mathematics curricula worldwide.

For over 20 years, the presence of the history of mathematics in training teachers’ environments has increased considerably in many countries. However, despite the different objectives associated with the introduction of the history of mathematics in training mathematics teachers, this presence, implicit or explicit, took the form of specific initiatives for each establishment of teacher training.

By browsing through the literature since 1990, it is possible to classify the empirical studies on the use of history in the mathematics classroom into two categories: studies that relate to the narrative of grounded experiences and quantitative studies on a larger scale.

Overall, it appears necessary to restore the research field on the introduction of History in the teaching and learning of mathematics within Didactics of mathematics and more generally with the educational sciences. This repositioning should enable research to get inspired from the contexts of the exploratory work from Humanities as well as theoretical, conceptual and methodological issues from the Didactics of mathematics and educational sciences.

This issue includes eight invited papers. Six papers are written in English and two in French. Each text is accompanied by an abstract in English. The following papers discuss specific issues in the domain of Using History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education and are ordered according to the instructional level; from elementary school to the university and in service teachers training.

  • Evelyne Barbin suggests a new thinking on technique, proposed in the texts of Simondon and Rabardel. Her purpose, in introducing an historical instrumental approach of geometrical teaching for students aged 11-14 years, is to show how an instrument can be conceived both as an invention to solve problems and as a knowledge or theorem in action. In particular, she stresses the links between different varieties of instruments and different kinds of knowledge and shows the consequences of an instrumental failure for the construction of new knowledge. Her goal is a coherent using where teaching is based on families of instruments.
  • Matthaios Anastasiadis and Konstantinos Nikolantonakis describe the context of an instructional intervention focused on isoperimetric figures and area-perimeter relationships with the use of one historical note and two primary sources, from Pappus’ Collection and from Polybius’ Histories. Their findings are based on classroom observations, worksheets and interviews with sixth grade Greek students.
  • Vasiliki Tsiapou and Konstantinos Nikolantonakis present part of a research study that intended to use the Chinese abacus for the development of place value concepts and the notion of carried number with sixth grade Greek students.
  • Ingo Witzke, Horst Struve, Kathleen Clark and Gero Stoffels describe how the concepts of empirical and formalistic belief systems can be used to give an explanation for the transition from school to university mathematics during an intensive Seminar. They stress the usefulness of this approach by outlining the historical sources and the participants’ activities with the sources on which the seminar is based, as well as some results of the qualitative data gathered during and after the seminar.
  • David Guillemette tries to highlight some difficulties that have been encountered during the implementation of reading activities of historical texts in the preservice teachers training context. He describes a history of mathematics course offered at the Université du Québec à Montréal, with reading activities that have been constructed and implemented in class and the efforts made by the students and the trainer to articulate both synchronic and diachronic reading, in order to not uproot the text and his author from their socio-historical and mathematical context.
  • Michael Kourkoulos and Constantinos Tzanakis present and analyze a teaching work on Pascal’s wager realized with Greek students, prospective elementary school teachers, in the context of a probability and statistics course. They focus on classroom discussion concerning mathematical modeling activities, connecting elements of probability theory and decision theory with elements of philosophical discussions.
  • Areti Panaoura examines in-service teachers’ beliefs and knowledge about the use of the history of mathematics in the framework of the inquiry-based teaching approach at the educational system of Cyprus, and the difficulties teachers face in adopting and implementing this specific innovation in primary education.
  • Snezana Lawrence offers ideas for teachers to engage with mathematics through the historical ‘journeys’ and relationship with art and cultural and intellectual history. She treats the question of how teachers could find their own ‘mathematical’ voice through series of historical investigations and what impact that may have on their teaching and pupils’ progress.

Aknowledgements

Firstly, I would like to express my warmest thanks to Christina Gkonou[1] for her precious efforts to read and ameliorate the English texts.

Secondly, I would also like to express my thanks to the Editorial Committee of Menon Journal for giving me the chance to work this Thematic Issue on the field of Using History in Mathematics Education.

Finally, I would like to express my grateful thanks to my Colleagues who sustain with their papers this publication.

 

The Editor of the 2nd Thematic Issue of

MENON: Journal for Educational Research

 

Konstantinos Nikolantonakis, Associate Professor

University of Western Macedonia, Greece

 

 

Download the 2nd Thematic Issue from here.

Browse the Journal articles

 

 


[1] Christina Gkonou is Lecturer in Teaching English as a Foreign Language in the Department of Language and Linguistics at the University of Essex, UK. She received her BA from Aristotle University and her MA and PhD from the University of Essex. Her research interests are in foreign language pedagogy and the psychology of language learning and teaching.

 


           Evidence based strategies to enable health promoting housing and communities in the private sector         
Stewart, Jill Louise (2006) Evidence based strategies to enable health promoting housing and communities in the private sector. PhD thesis, University of Greenwich.
          Long Talking Bad Conditions Illinois Blues: A Report on &Now, A Festival of Innovative Writing and Art        
by
Ted Pelton
2006-11-03

I been to Chicago and I been to Detroit
But I never had a good time till I got up in Illinois

- Skip James, “Illinois Blues”

Chicago Self-Portrait

You are watching me, runny nose and throbbing headache, wheel an 80-lb. suitcase (for which United Airlines charged me a $25 overweight fee on the flight from Buffalo - still cheaper and more trustworthy than shipping) down Halsted Avenue in Chicago on a brisk sunny April Tuesday morning. The suitcase is freighted with books, and the books freighted with just about every spare moment I’ve had from my college teaching job for the last five years. Others write them, but I (with a small number of trusted associatesAs of August, 2006, these associates include Geoffrey Gatza, Florine Melnyk, Ed Taylor, and Kevin Thurston.) do just about everything else - editorial, layout, design, proofreading, working with printers, advertising, marketing, and, here, selling. This is not the picture I had in my mind of what an English professor does when I began a PhD program twenty years ago. (Jesus, twenty years ago?) It’s not that I didn’t think of English professors involving themselves in the making of new literature, even the production of new literature. I attended programs and studied with professors for whom small press writing was the only new American writing worth troubling with - and now here I am. I just always imagined I’d have grad students to do the actual shlepping around.

I am Dr. Ted Pelton, founder and Executive Director of Starcherone Books, a 501(c)(3) organization that utilizes publishing to fulfill its educational objectives of increasing awareness and appreciation of the avant-garde and innovative fiction that mainstream presses no longer have much interest in publishing, if they ever did. Later in the day I will speaking to a room full of graduate and undergraduate students at the University of Illinois-Chicago before heading on the next day to the &Now Conference at Lake Forest College, a half-hour North of the city. When I tell the assembly today about small press publishing, the images in my listeners’ minds will have to do with piles of manuscripts, desktop publishing programs, and the like. No one will ask about luggage. It’s just as well.

This trip is the third of four with Starcherone this Spring: Tallahassee and Austin done, Boulder to come. I caught the cold ten days ago on a flight back from New York where I had read from my own new novel to an audience of 5 people, one of whom was Tod Thilleman, publisher of Spuyten Duyvil Books, another Nava Renek, an SD author, and a third was the woman waiting to close up the place when we were finished. When I later today appear on a panel with Gina Frangello, founder/publisher of Other Voices Books, she will do me two better, delivering her talk with strep throat and having recently given birth. Making literature today is hard work, but small press publishers are headstrong stock, daunted neither by hardship or illness in their self-styled fight against corporate sameness.

That last is a rather nice reportage journalism sentence, don’t you think?

Other Voices

Mike Neuwirth of Bridge Magazine and Michael Leary of Flood Editions are the other panelists with Gina and I in a sixth floor multipurpose room in one of the towers that make up the University of Illinois campus. All of us do slightly different things. Bridge went from a journal-styled paperback format a couple of years ago to its current newsprint magazine format with a circulation of 30,000. They are the most mainstream presence on our panel, seemingly with a “real people” audience rather than this crowd’s usual specializations and art ambitions - Neuwirth freely banters about the types of issues one would see in Publisher’s Weekly, while nonetheless trumpeting small press successes. The question of audience is a significant one in the small press world. Some see their roles as working to create art, with a select initial audience and the hope more will catch on, but nonetheless assuming the traditional avant-gardist’s approach that the work comes first, and good work will attract good readers. Others say that the literary establishment has grown so petrified and risk-averse that it can no longer even tell the central stories of our time. These presses seek to be popular, perhaps even to “catch on.” But as a result, such publications may select material away from the harder edge experimental work of the moment, work which is likely to turn off the typical reader looking for a breezier experience with his or her reading material. We are all caught somewhere between these two poles because it is hard to sustain any American enterprise without engagement with free enterprise, with all its attendant mercantile assumptions. You don’t choose one or the other, but you are always conscious of both, however you choose to manuever.

(It’s a problem not only limited to fiction. I am reminded of this music example: while no one would argue the Beatles weren’t good, one still laughs when Mark E. Smith of The Fall declaims of them and post-Beatles commercial groups: “All the English groups/Act like peasants with free milk/On a route/On a route to the loot/To candy mountain/Five wacky English proletariat idiots.”)

Anyway, Mike Neuwirth tells a story about Joe Meno, a Chicago author I haven’t heard of (which in itself doesn’t mean much, there being many different worlds within the so-called small press world). It’s the kind of story small pressers love to hear and tell: how Meno published two books with big Harper-Collins but it was only when he did his third book with Akashic that the books started to sell, thanks to the individual attention given to authors and their titles by small presses. But then Akashic, from where I sit, is practically a mainstream press. Yes, they’re so-called indie, but, with an alternative pedigree more descended from the successes of Pearl Jam than Oulipo, they’re the type of New York indie alt-press media darlings an establishment scene - Publisher’s Weekly, The Nation, the Association of American Publishers - understands and is more likely to embrace; in other words, they are culturally but not necessarily formally progressive, and accepting of and positioned to succeed within a certain engagement with free enterprise. Meno’s book in question is called Hairstyles of the Damned: you get the picture. No, they’re not the enemy. Yes, maybe I am just jealous.

On the other end of the spectrum is Michael O’Leary of Flood Editions, purveyors of beautifully designed, high-minded poetry by the likes of Graham Foust, Lisa Jarnot, Pam Rehm, Ronald Johnson, and other avant-garde heroes, many from my own Buffalo, dear Beat poetry-mad Buffalo, a city where you can draw three hundred people to the 80th birthday party of Robert Creeley a year after he’s been dead and two years after he moved to Rhode Island. O’Leary is quiet in the brouhaha that follows, being a poetry guy and thus seeing widespread popularity as something other people think about, fiction people, or students in creative writing programs who still imagine they will have audiences, who haven’t yet been trampled on by the invisible stampedes of neglect. “All writers feel neglected,” Ronald Sukenick (postmodern hero novelist/Fiction Collective co-founder/American Book Review publisher) once said in a workshop class I took and I have quoted it often, having grown up in an age where I feel those wounds as acutely as he did. Like earlier today, stumbling down the avenue with heavy bag and headcold. Or when I will pay the airline the excess baggage fee again on the way back, bringing home most of my books from the road.

“The brouhaha that follows” … well, not exactly a brouhaha, but Mike Neuwirth takes issue with my statement that the average fiction title in the United States sells only about 300 copies, my point being that ALL new fiction publishing, even the divisions of Murdoch and Bertlesmann with their many imprints and stacks of tomes in Borders and Barnes & Noble, is dying, and if they’re only selling 300 copies, hell, I can do that. And this statistic is what Cris Mazza (my host, novelist, short-story writer, UIC fiction prof) tells me her students (fearful perhaps their parents were right - there truly is nothing in this “art thing”) most buzz about after the fact, so when I return home I try to substantiate this figure - God I wish I had been a good scholar and written down where this stat came from, publishers being so guarded about sales figures (as opposed to “print runs,” which they love to release and ballyhoo).The small presses, without the establishment resources at their command, must generally rely on anecdotal information regarding others’ sales. Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an email I received yesterday from one of our new authors: “I had a long chat with J. [an agent] not long ago in which he told me about a certain young, fairly-well-hyped writer of literary fiction who had a book on McSweeney’s and whose next book came out this spring on a big NY house; this latter book got a good amount of attention from literary blogs when it was released. J. had lunch with the book’s editor a while back, who told him that the book has sold 80 copies…” One of the reasons, of course, that sales of individual fiction titles are so poor is that the current paradigm for corporate publishers is to keep new books available for only 3-6 months and if they don’t sell in that time, publishers remainder them and move on. Thus they provide a potential edge for small presses which generally keep books available for longer terms or even perpetually. I like to quote Emerson against this mainstream publishing trend, indicating that the way literature actually works isn’t in keeping with mainstream corporate publishing assumptions: “Never read any book that is not a year old.” But when I return home I do find this statement on the net: 93% of fiction published in the US for which ISBNs were provided (thus not counting chapbooks or micro-press books) sell fewer than 1000 copies, according to a presenter at the Nielsen BookScan-sponsored Book Summit 2005, and this 93% of titles accounts for 13% of sales. Publishing is sort of like wealth today in America: the few are consolidating their power, making a very few people/titles mega-rich and saying to the rest of us and what was formerly called Our National Literature, go fuck yourself.For the purposes of this article I tried to find out how much BookScan charges for their sales tabulation information. An email query led to a salesperson who, four emails later, would not quote me a figure unless I agreed to set up a demo of the service and start a contract. Many aspects of the publishing industry similarly structure access through financial hurdles. All US ISBN numbers, the way one is entered into the national bookselling marketplace, are controlled by a single company, R. R. Bowker. Bowker sells 10 ISBNs at $27 each, 100 ISBNs at $9.15 each, or 10,000 at 34¢ each. Being a small press is something like having to purchase your start-up office furniture exclusively at the price-gouging rates of Rent-to-Own. When I was a PhD student, I worked on Herman Melville, perhaps this country’s greatest novelist but a weirdo in his own time, to be sure, whom some contemporary reviewers feared had gone insane (especially after he wrote Pierre) and who was no great friend of the publishing industry of his own moment. But here is my point: would a situation whereby D. H. Lawrence, in 1920, nearly three decades after Melville’s death, discovered Mardi, Omoo, and Moby-Dick, be possible today? Such a scenario only exists if the books get printed to begin with. And if this printing happens, which publishers are the ones most likely to make this possible? Ones whose responsibility is first to literature or those whose responsibility is first to their corporate parents? Who is likely to publish a novel today for whom there is little or no contemporary audience, but which might one day be discovered, in the context of a survey work on classic American Literature, in the year 2045? If there is, on the shoulders of contemporary small publishers, a need to give voice to the culturally marginalized, á la Akashic, there is also a need to give venues to “new compositions in the arts,” as Gertrude Stein called them when she said that such works “were outlaws right up until the moment they were considered classics, with hardly a moment in between.”

In Chicago, my own press has the most affinity with Gina Frangello and Other Voices which began as a literary magazine and now scrapes together funds to put out one short fiction collection a year, determined by an annual contest with the first winner being Tod Goldberg’s Simplify. Of greater interest to me, though (judging books by their covers), is Frangello’s own book, My Sister’s Continent, a complex and challenging-looking (compliments in my vocabulary) novel based on Freud’s Dora case, published by Chiasmus Press. Chiasmus’s publisher Lidia Yuknavitch is prevented from joining the panel from her home in Portland, Oregon, but her statement, read aloud to the gathering by OV Editor Marina Lewis, says Chiasmus was founded to resist the corporatization of literature, and to publish new work she believes in which isn’t finding venues elsewhere. No mention of sales or profits. That, I nod, is what it is all about. Other voices.

What helps fiction sales - blogs, readings, reviews? What do you think of print-on-demand? Do writers who want to get published realize that they have a duty as well to support the small press economy? Will we be able to withstand the pressures of a society that is increasingly anti-reading? Do we have to increase numbers or is it possible to exist in hundreds of separate fiefdoms of audiences which share and communicate with each other and remain viable without appeasing the monster of expansion, the ineluctable direction of capitalism, always urging bigger, wider, more massive? But if that is not what literature is, should we admit and stake our claim on the proposition that literature and the expansive designs structured by capitalism are inversely proportional?

Questions fill the room. I haven’t even gotten to Lake Forest yet.

Fabulous Wealth

And now, through the magic of editing, I am in Lake Forest, an opulent Northern burb. The streets between downtown Lake Forest, the college a mile in one direction and the conference center a mile in another, are not lined with streetlights because the owners of the fabulous mansions in these environs don’t want people walking around in their neighborhoods at night. Walk, dear? I won’t hear of it. If you have anyplace you absolutely have to get to, just take the Mercedes. Or better yet, have Juan drive you. Strange place for a gathering of visiting art freaks, music-mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like - and so say all the visiting art freaks, music mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like to each other upon their arrivals here, preparing to take stock of our own glorious wealth.

William Gass

I have never finished a book by William Gass. He goes on too long for me - and yes, I am aware of this contradiction, in that I said above how much I liked the difficult in writing. Call it a matter of taste. Wait, no, I did finish On Being Blue, the one book of his in which he seemed to momentarily allow himself slenderness of expression. Beautiful book, that. I did also like “In the Heart of the Heart of the Country,” his long story in the same-named collection. In any case, William Gass becomes the hero of my first afternoon at &Now in an opening panel that also features the not inconsiderable talents of Shelley Jackson and Nambi Kelley (more of each anon). Gass in person is remarkable: 80 years old, hale, lucid, wispy white bowl haircut, dark-rimmed round glasses, wise sad eyes and wry playfulness causing him to resemble an emissary from another age - Buster Keaton as an emeritus professor. His remarks indicate that he himself regards his presence as a visitation from elsewhere: the avant-garde of our fathers and grandfathers. He tells us of the differences between our lands: then, there was something more of a cohesion between different artists; now, there are more types of art and media available for expression, diffusion, multiplicity.

Shelley Jackson is next. It is my first exposure to her work, though I am aware of at least one of her projects, a story in which the words were tattooed on the skin of volunteers, a living work that at the same time is impossible to receive except in fragments. Shelley is striking to look at, any place one looks. On her own inside wrist is tattooed “SKIN,” appropriately. Her hair is the color of fire - not a uniform color, that is, but composed of reds, oranges, yellows, and browns. Yet, despite her formidable visual presentation, she begins to speak somewhat waveringly, reassuringly to some degree: she’s nervous. Her work, she says, seeks to position itself against a fairly complacent contemporary writing world which she finds “dedicated to an illusory image of its own purity.” One anti-literary project was the tattoos; another is her creation of what she calls “The Interstitial Library,” a theoretical project in the spirit of Blanchot’s and Roland Barthes’s similar conceits about bodies of text around and beyond us at all moments. Jackson and her collaborator, Christine Hill, imagine a library that exists in the interstices between presently existing books in the world’s physical and virtual libraries. As Jackson is equally an artist and a writer, as well as a skilled web designer, the library grounds itself in the actuality of a website. But from there it goes out again into the imaginary, as both regards works and their possible existences: “Its vast holdings are dispersed throughout private collections, used bookstores, other libraries, thrift stores, garbage dumps, attics, garages, hollow trees, sunken ships, the bottom desk-drawers of writers, the imaginations of non-writers, the pages of other books, the possible future, and the inaccessible past.”

Nambi Kelley is last. As befits an artist who does a great of her work around the world in acting workshops intended to foster, as she puts it, “global communities,” Nambi Kelley refuses to allow us to remain seated, academic-style, in this conference room. A slender, small-framed woman in fingerless knit gloves and a ball of twisted braids atop her head, she asks first what African-American playwrights we are familiar with; she is featured herself in a current L.A. production of August Wilson’s Joe Turner’s Come and Gone. Her presence here has theatricality - she stands and speaks, her hands dance in the air. She throws an object into the crowd - make up a story, she instructs, throw it to someone else. The game ends too early - I mean, in this room we could do it all day. But the point is made - in a world where manufacturers tell us art is this or that outside ourselves, we should not forget this basic essence of expression. Duh … people!

William Gass now has his heroic moment, fielding a question from the crowd meant to trip us up: Aren’t you just saying what everybody says? In the corporate boardrooms of America, aren’t they just figuring out ways to make it new? Aren’t we all always already homogenized? Haven’t they taken away our language, those geniuses of capitalism, haven’t they rendered us impotent, anything we might say here only sounding the same as what we’re always being told and sold? Gass is not to be so easily dismissed, and indeed he turns the tables, calmly, serenely. Any derision I give his response here is my own, because Gass himself stays above anger, indignation, resentment. Dear boy, he says to the questioner, They only do that in the attempt to sell us products. Don’t mistake the language they steal from us as anything but new bottles into which they serve their old wine. Oh, but he’s so much more articulate, refined, cool, and cutting, leaving the room still with wonder. I get too involved in the emotion of the moment to record for posterity his actual words. I am too much the foot soldier to remember to be the scribe.

My Problems

Which becomes my problem over the next few days. I participate, and only as an afterthought restore myself to the position of feigned-objective observer. It also becomes clear to me, when on the last day I hear people talking about the electronic music and video presentations they’ve witnessed here, that I attend a different festival than a lot of the others. I attend events concurrent with other events, and can only be that one person I am; I ignore too much, fail to witness too much, don’t take account of all I am involved in, and it slips past me, leaving me with only these few sad notes, so much less than what is actually occurring. Sticking close to fiction on both days, among the concurrent sessions I miss are those engaging literature and multimedia, performance poetry, experimental film, mathematically engendered writing by women, and a host of other media, operations, and art-form combinations.

My apologies to all those who were at &Now and don’t appear in this account, either because I didn’t attend your session, took poor notes, or couldn’t fit you into the final article. I should have been a better chronicler than I am. A team of chroniclers!

The Dead

It’s a fallacy that the dead live in the distant past, Shelley Jackson tells us from the podium that evening, star of the first plenary. Some are from only a minute ago. I love the performance that follows - Jackson reading from a text that brings together the website we see projected above her, also of her own design, her work in progress, The Shelley Jackson Vocational School for Ghost Speakers and Hearing Mouth Children. The site’s url is now lost to me, but this is what I recall seeing: an official seal such as one might find gracing an old brick-and-mortar academic hall, one that introduces the visitor to a school devoted to capturing the voices of the dead as miniature physical objects rendered in wax, objects which have also been sculpted by Jackson who works simultaneously as author, artist, and web designer. The objects themselves, or the images of them that we see, are haunting in their echoes of our dream-images of the unseeable, conditioned by 19th-century spirit photography and similar to paranormal explorations that pseudo-sciences have engaged in over the centuries; this sense is reinforced by Jackson’s schematic drawings of bodies and inventions used in the refinement of sound-objects generated by the dead, rendered in effective imitative detail. Her imaginations are bodied forth in very convincing craftspersonship.

Jackson also engages a rich paradox in the life of the avant-garde artist: the artist looks forward, toward creating the new, but the very act of being an artist puts one in an irresistible dialogue with the dead - at least partly because many of our resources are given us by those who have passed from the living world: “Everything you know about yourself,” reads Jackson, “is by-gone. You are your own ghost.” Why should we not also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Because we speak their languages; since we may well be animated by them, what could we recognize purely as our own? In the style of the channeler of the paranormal, Jackson then proceeds to lead the auditorium in an exercise whereby we allow the dead to speak through us. We are instructed to relax, let the sound come from deep in the throat, etc., and in the dimmed room we begin to hear others and ourselves intone strange moans from some other place. And/or, we play along, and in the front of the room Jackson can hardly keep from laughing at our successful channelings. The power of Jackson’s work is in its ability to engage its audience’s sense of play with the daunting, tantalizing unknown. She is a significant artist whose work breaks boundaries in the received conceptions of the separability of writing, art, and electronic media, without losing sight of the interests of literature. This is how new literature is made.More of Jackson’s work can be seen at http://www.ineradicablestain.com.

To be fair, given my anti-corporate screed above: Jackson’s new novel, her first, Half-Life, is out this month from HarperCollins, and obviously I do not consider this an example of bad corporate publishing. Jackson, like Ben Marcus, is an example of a significant contemporary literary artist who is supported by the commercial publishing industry. But then again, they may also be exceptions that prove the rule.

Magnified Section

I attend a panel the next morning scheduled for 9:30 but I get in a few moments after it has started, having set up my table and tried to construct a means by which, as unlikely and unsuccessful an endeavor as it sounds, customers might leave money for Starcherone books while I am off galavanting elsewhere. My book table is flanked on the right by the Brooklyn crew from Spuyten Duyvil and on my left by the terrific array of poetic objects produced by Miekal And, Maria Damon, and associates (an incidental note: it is very hard to effectively google a man with the last name “And”), including one I pick up for purchase: a 1992 Xexoxial Editions compilation entitled Magnified Section. This book features work by, among others, Critical Art Ensemble, a group with one member, Steve Kurtz, currently enmeshed in legal difficulties, with charges filed against him by the FBI and Department of Homeland Security Joint Terrorism Task Force for illegally trading in biological substances that actually are legal for trade, a prosecution that is widely seen in the artistic community as ideologically based.For more information see the CAE official website. In short, Magnified Section is one of those great publications one can only find done by a micro-press: simultaneous art object and slapdash, cheap material production but gloriously beautiful, with an orange and yellow splattered cover resembling those 60s abstract films with projected light through blood or paint blotches. Inside, a kind of anarchist aesthetic of xeroxes, early computer graphics, found art, and fake slogans: “God for Bid,” “Antigens and Contagions,” “Driftless Permaculture,” etc. The entirety seems to come not from New York (though some contributors are evidently headquartered there, but from odd places like LaFarge, Wisconsin, and Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Art, poetry, social document of who knows what, all in one. Wild.

My morning running like a sentence I can’t find the end of, I enter late a room where Ralph Berry, Director of FC2 and Professor of English at Florida State University, is already giving his paper.

Berry is one of my heroes in the small press publishing world. Over the years, FC2 has published, in its current imprint or as Fiction Collective/Black Ice Books (two other names by which it has gone the past 30 years), many of the greats of a strand of innovative fiction almost completely ignored by commercial publishers: Raymond Federman, Ronald Sukenick, Ursule Molinaro, Gerald Vizenor, Marianne Hauser, Harold Jaffe, and many others. Yet despite its long and critically respected history, FC/FC2 has, particularly in the last decade, gone nearly invisible in the mainstream literary world. So woeful has this neglect become that perhaps the best and most significant aspect of Ben Marcus’s attack on Jonathan Franzen in Harper’s (with which I was in general agreement) was that a mainstream glossy New York magazine was finally forced to print the name FC2, which Marcus mentioned in passing in the article. Despite Harper’s styling itself a culturally progressive magazine, I can’t recall ever seeing them acknowledge the literary margins before (I do recall one, but only one, instance in The New Yorker). Berry himself is a Southern Gentleman of the type I never knew existed, or would have thought had long since ceased to exist (growing up in suburban New York teleculture Hee Haw and the Klan were my predominant images of Dixie); Berry is passionately committed to art, entirely open in his intellectual conversation, yet soft-spoken, dignified, and polite to a fault. I pick up some of the thread of his argument: he is discussing the role of the fraudulent in art, given the potential for the relativity of interpretation since Duchamp, Cage, and others made the very nature of artistic craft problematic. He then transitions into discussing art that produces its own theory as it produces itself, citing the FC2 book, Blue Guide to Indiana by Michael Martone, as a case in point. This faux-travel guide, a formal pastiche of the actual Blue Guide series of travel guides, locates its subject where all Martone’s work locates itself, in Indiana, or rather under the linguistic sign “Indiana.” Berry points out that Martone’s is not so much a “fiction about Indiana” as “a real travel guide to a not-yet-existent Indiana.” I have heard Berry say elsewhere (and perhaps he has said it in the part of the talk I missed) that such fictive gaming is not, as would perhaps appear to the uninitiated, an end in itself, but a means by which we are led to reflect on the fictive operations all around us. After all, stories of any kind come to us through processes of digestion, selection, characterization, and, at their most insidious extremes, spins and the deliberate constructions of organs of official sense-making: governments, the press, etc.

Suspicions of how discourse constructs contemporary accepted realities and the ways in which novels work to reveal these processes becomes a shared contention of all three talks. Brian Evenson, fiction writer, translator, and Chair of the Literary Arts Program at Brown, is next, speaking of the difficulties of defining the novel genre. In one sense, the question of what a novel is, he says, already has an answer in the forming of that question: a novel is that which looks like a novel. But a novel may also, as Bakhtin wrote many decades ago, be any text which exhibits heteroglossia, language in all its variations. The novel, said Bahktin, was the form that made itself most welcome to the inclusion of various discourses (Martone or Jackson are certainly examples, though of course the latter employs fictive-based media forms rather than what one would typically say pertain to a “novel”) and positions itself against monologism, “a false, single view of the world.” While Evenson notes Bakhtin has his problems - he left unexamined his valuing of the novel among other genres, as well as his devaluing of poetry - his construction of what is novelistic remains compelling. The work of defining genre, nevertheless, is always a continual one, with finer and finer distinctions coming into play. In a sense, purporting to be a science, it is finally a pseudoscience whose classifications are ultimately always problematic. Evenson closes by citing a contemporary example of a hard-to-classify but nevertheless successful novel, Patrik Ouredník’s Europeana: A Brief History of the Twentieth Century. Constructed with “metahistorical but undifferentiated information,” Ouredník’s book utilizes actual (and in some cases somewhat fanciful) history to create a seemingly unreal picture of the world of the previous century. His work is a type of making strange that is different from the recent fictional trend of looking at the world from a slightly futuristic point in time by destabilizing or re-fixing the past from our own moment in time; such destabilization happens with the help of a discursive strategy that is not precisely history because its selection of details includes those that would not be included typically in a history:

The Americans who fell at Normandy in 1944 were sturdy young men and they measured an average of 173 cm tall, and if they were laid one after another, with the soles of their feet to the crowns of their heads, together they would measure 38 kilometers. The Germans were also sturdy young men, and the sturdiest of all were the Senegalese riflemen in World War One. They measured 176 cm, and so they were sent into the front ranks to scare the Germans. It was said that in World War One people fell like seeds, and later the Russian Communists calculated how much fertilizer a kilometer of corpses would yield, and how much they could save on expensive foreign fertilizer if they used the corpses of traitors and criminals. (qtd. in Bolton)

Steve Tomasula, who teaches at Notre Dame and, like Evenson, is both an FC2 author and a college professor, picks up the thread of the novelistic in presumably stable discourse by choosing as his subject Alan Sokal’s infamous fraudulent essay on quantum gravity in Social Text; in Sokal’s own words, “a pastiche of left-wing cant, fawning references, grandiose quotations, and outright nonsense … structured around the silliest quotations I could find about mathematics and physics.” Sokal’s intent was to argue the limits of postmodern theories of the instability of signification; he wished to reaffirm the facthood of at least an aspect of scientific truth beyond the alleged instability of signification systems which reify or describe such truths. To Tomasula, Sokal’s linguistic experiment shows the opposite of what he intended: “Frauds in scientific journals show us that there is at least as much desire … as anything else in the selection of articles” purporting truth claims, and such desires are the inescapable condition of interpretation. There is no outside to this postmodern formulation of the conditions of knowledge-gathering, which Tomasula delivers succinctly in four propositions:

Reality is constituted in language.
Language is subject to interpretation.
Interpretation is contingent upon subjectivity.
Subjectivity is subject to temporality.

This last, “temporality,” is the position of the observer, á la Heisenberg, at any particular moment - the observer’s experiences, tools, and desires. Modernity, as Tomasula concludes, in concert with his fellow panelists, means having to question everything in a contingent sphere of particular interests and discourses. A construction of the novel vital to our time must participate in such an understanding of the nature of representations, and such novels that do this are to be valued for continuing to do important work in the course of human understanding.

The Women of FC2

I now spend the next two days checking out all the new fiction I can, particularly by writers with whom I’m unfamiliar. First is a trio of women published by FC2 - Lucy Corin, Jessica Treat, and Debra DiBlasi.

Corin is a package of surprises: an assistant professor at UC Davis with trimmed hair and round glasses, she looks from certain angles like a Harry Potter-ish boy naif. But later in the evening, I’ll discover that she shoots a wicked game of pool. Reading from Everyday Psychokillers: A History for Girls, Corin’s sentences sound at some moments like she’s channeling Lewis Carroll, at others like a language-conscious feminist sociologist two drinks into a cocktail party. One comic text that she reads is fashioned as a list: “Things I don’t do except mockingly.” “Times I watch with detached indifference as my house gets more disgusting.” Good stuff: female lives caught in worlds of male assumption and construction, the work of disentanglement in which any woman’s subjectivity is necessarily engaged.

Next, Jessica Treat, not necessarily as experimental as other FC2 writers, but an accomplished storyteller, wryly aware of the issues involved in her work’s presentation: “I was on the phone last night with my girlfriend and she was telling me why it [my writing] was experimental. I remember the word ‘subtle’.” I am a fan of these subtleties in Treat, and am on record as such: she appears in Starcherone’s new anthology of hybrid prose, PP/FF (Conners).

Finally, Debra DiBlasi, who is the most formally inventive of the three, at least from what I see in this sampling. She discusses her use of “Storyspace,” the first-generation hypertext software, then goes into a story about gaps, lacunae, places where you get lost in life or in text. She reads selective sentences from a story and there is no loss of experience, the presentation imagistic, cerebral. “I stopped stuttering when she [my sister] ran away from home. It was like she took away the gaps.”

Afterward, DiBlasi stops at the Starcherone table and we discuss doing an anthology of erased text. It may never happen, but it’s a great idea.

Spuyten Duyvil

The Spuyten Duyvil reading the next morning begins with an impassioned, half-lunatic blast from SD’s mercurial director, Tod Thilleman, so full of accusation and bravado that Tsipi Keller to his right is spurred to spontaneous applause half-way through the rant. I don’t feel like I’m quite awake but manage to get down a couple of his sentences: “I’m trying to understand what I am doing by publishing all these books.” It’s true - as indie publishers go, very few if any out-produce SD. Starcherone does four books a year, FC2 does six; Spuyten Duyvil, publishing fiction, poetry, limited edition art books, and occasional non-fiction, does close to twenty. Thilleman has been called to this, he tells us, by the abdication of literature by mainstream publishing: “Publishing is not literature. Publishing may used to have been literature, but now it’s an industry, the publishing industry.”

The books that SD does (at least those whose authors are on display here) are less deliberately experimental than those of FC2, with the exception of Christian TeBordo (whose Conviction and Subsequent Life of Savior Neck is classic self-reflexive, trip-over-itself metafiction; he’ll be an interesting writer to watch as he develops) and, to a certain extent, Noam Mor, Eugene Garber and Tsipi Keller both read from books that are literary but not particularly formally challenging, inasmuch as one can tell from the presentations. Garber’s novel is a lyrical, period love story set in fin de siècle Vienna (sample set-up sentences: “Anna worries about having a soul. Turn of the century women in Vienna worried about this sort of thing.”); Keller’s is the second volume in a cleverly written trilogy about women struggling with possession of their bodies and desires in the contemporary US (sample sentence about neon billboards on a nightclub strip: “Nipples pointed every which way, owing perhaps to the hasty way in which they were stuffed into the bra.”).

Again the question is raised: why are these authors of very capably written, intellectually entertaining novels on the outside of the literary establishment?

Noam Mor takes up the job of answering. His own reading has been of a disturbing piece of interweaving voices featuring at one point a rather John Hawkes-like description of a termite queen (sample: “Even after I beheaded her, she kept birthing.”). Today’s book marketplace, he says, is even more cynical and profit-driven than one imagines if one just sees it as having mainstream tastes and shunning the experimental. Rather, it appears to be entirely driven by sales and marketing strategies, ignoring (as Thilleman earlier suggested) concerns of the literary entirely. Sales reps see niches - the single career-woman niche, the young phenom niche, the celebrity-in-a-different-field niche, Father’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc. - and ask, does your book have certain properties? “Good books,” publishable commodities, are those books that appeal to these markets; lacking these, a book is unlikely to be picked up.

Is it possible that the role of the small presses has expanded to the point where they are needed to save mainstream literature? Industry defenders might counter that, at a time when there are more books being published in the US than ever, we may have too many authors in the US - that is, more writers than there are readers to support them. But is this surfeit of authors, if such exists, a product of niche-marketing as opposed to a problem such marketing is an attempt to solve (after all, much of the new books in the overloaded marketplace seem to be of the Britney-and-her-mother-co-write-a-book-about-Mother’s Day variety)?See Amazon for Britney and Lynne Spears, A Mother’s Gift: a novel, here. Incidentally, so we’re all clear on how the bread is buttered, Publisher’s Weekly reviewed this title, but they have never reviewed a title published by Starcherone Books, despite our repeated attempts to contact them and follow their fetishistic review submission instructions to the letter. Are the interests of literature muscled out by the book industry’s more persuasive desire to get non-book-buyers to buy books (for instance, as happened with Harry Potter, where suddenly it was as important for every child to have these books for Christmas as it was in previous Christmases for them to have Cabbage Patch or Tickle Me Elmo dolls)?

I often wonder whether publishing and promoting avant-garde writing, activities I’ve always understood to be forward-looking and progressive, aren’t actually conservative acts - not politically conservative, mind you, but conservative in the sense of trying to save, or conserve, culture. I have written occasionally about this tendency of late, calling it pastmodernism: “It’s strange to me what we do,” I wrote in an early entry of the blog Lance Olsen and I founded this past May, Now What: A Collective Blog of Alternative Prose Writers and Publishers. “We are forward-looking in an activity plainly our culture is leaving behind …. [I]n the position of salvaging, of casting backward, of recovery, of withstanding erosion.”

We may have reached a moment in cultural history where a certain type of looking backward has become inseparable from and as revolutionary as so-called looking forward.

Evening Gass & Afternoon Nambi

“You first meet a painting like a pie in the face.”

William Gass is well into the first evening’s reading of an essay that sometimes seems like a story, or a story that sometimes seems like an essay, or perhaps just a kind of linguistic variety show, which waxes lyrical at times and at others detours into limericks about nuns, sailors, and the Pope. It occurs to me that his particular talent is that different audience members seem to be reacting to different moments in his performance, perhaps as a result of the fact that what he has to say is evocative of all the materials and sounds and textures of what makes writing, art, and music alive for all of us, in different ways, as here attested by a man who has lived a life in the arts, and as a writer. Which is not to say that the seventy minutes he reads doesn’t seem like seventy minutes. It does.

I am more taken the next day by the late afternoon performance of Nambi Kelley who reads, voices, and sings from her work as a playwright, including a hip-hop reenvisioning of Antigone, backed by jazz guitarist and drums. I fear this reading is going to succumb to preciousness at the start - “She got to bury her uncle but her brother doesn’t want her to?” - but soon the language and Kelley’s passion take control and lead to an artistic epiphany: the violence that seems so full of meaning in Greek tragedy experiences a sea change when transposed to the modern urban environment, the place generally characterized as one of “senseless violence.” Violence is violence: it is always senseless, and always brings about devastating and wrenching suffering and pain, as well as plots for revenge, the stuff of history and drama. As in much of Greek drama, the fight against war and killing is likely to be led by disempowered women rising above their socially constrictive roles.

I think of Cindy Sheehan.

Fiction Machines

I drift back to my book table and check my cash cup. Little surprise, very few dollars have found their way there. I ask Tsipi Keller, who is now minding the Spuyten Duyvil table to one side of me, how they have done for sales. Very well, it turns out. I turn to the other side and ask Mikael And. He is also grinning. It is now clear to me that Starcherone has given up sales revenue so that I can keep up my schedule of attending numerous events, driven by the assignment to document this festival for electronic book review. Hear that, Tabbi? You owe my press money!

As I fret about this, Dimitri Anastasopoulos comes by my table to remind me of a favor I promised him. I know Dimitri and his wife Christina Milletti from Buffalo. To my mind they are experimental fiction’s most striking couple: Dimitri tall and sturdy with curls of black hair that make him always look like he’s just returned from sailing; Christina with even more notable coiffure, pink at the moment, and thus visible in any crowd, as when Geoffrey Gatza and I once picked her out in the lobby of the Chicago Hilton during AWP from a hundred yards away and ascending, riding up the escalator and looking back, stilled as twin wives of Lot. Both are fiction writers, Dimitri the author of the novel, A Larger Sense of Harvey (lovingly called by Rain Taxi, “an eccentric high-dive into language” (Czyz)); Christina of the recently released short story collection, The Religious and Other Fictions. Dimitri now hands me a statement I am to read aloud prior to his reading with Dave Kress and Edward Desautels, “An Exhibition of Information Produced by Fiction Machines.”

The statement challenges remarks made by British novelists V.S. Naipaul and Ian McEwan, to the effect that in the post-9/11 world we now live in such complex times that fiction no longer is as effective a means of rendering contemporary reality as nonfiction. The “fiction machines” designed by the Anastasopoulos, Kress, and Desautel are attempts to write different forms to embody “the complexities of today’s world” (Donadio “Irascible”) and to respond to McEwan’s desire “to be told about the world.”Similar assumptions are at work in McEwan’s formulation of the problem. Said McEwan, as qtd. in Donadio: “For a while I did find it wearisome to confront invented characters … . I wanted to be told about the world. I wanted to be informed. I felt that we had gone through great changes and now was the time to just go back to school, as it were, and start to learn” (“Truth”). The idea that fiction of necessity employs “invented characters” is put to the test if one’s examples of “novels” include those created by Ouredník, Martone, or David Markson, for instance. All the texts/machines have missing or occluded subjects and are the most varied and far-ranging in subject matter of any group of performances I’ve seen thus far. Kress’s involves the tale of a CD anonymously received in the mail, featuring music either from a band he himself was once in, or a “half-acoustic, half electric fiddle band from Finland,” and concludes with him reading a text with a band playing over the reading, with voices echoing between the music and text. Desautel’s piece is an “investigation artifact,” the instructional apparatus from a segment of the national security thicket, an exquisite piece of political paranoia, except that, as his own text says, “we no longer speak of paranoia in the pejorative … without paranoia there is no security.” Finally, Anastasopoulos reads from “A Notebook for Expectant Fathers,” which begins as a playful mock-scientific guide to the signs of gestation in expectant fathers, and becomes a parable of the demands of helplessness, the impossibility of doing anything when all you can you do is nothing, as your baby in the scientifically-visualized womb is seen gulping its own urine and a doctor intones knowingly, disturbingly, uninterpretably, “Your baby has an enormously large bladder that is grossly efficient.”

It is now a kind of common currency to say that fiction is no longer as pertinent as nonfiction. Here, Rachel Donadio, in The New York Times: “Like painting, the novel isn’t dead; it just isn’t as central to the culture as it once was. In our current infotainment era, in which the line between truth and ‘truth’ is growing ever more blurry, readers thirst for a narrative, any narrative, and will turn to the most compelling one” (“Truth”). But Donadio and others of a mainstream bent quickly substitute “fiction” with an unproblematical form of “narrative” in such formulations, assuming realistic tale-telling. Here, a quote by Gass is appropriate: “The dominant form of the 20th century novel is the 19th century novel” (qtd. in Tomasula). Let me stray away from my usual attack on how mainstream publishing favors more transparent, easier narratives, and instead take a cue from Anastasopoulos to ask what is meant by this idea of nonfiction at all. If, as Berry has it, the role of innovative or experimental fiction is to lead us directly to contemplation of the fictive operations all around us - selection, editing, narrative position and bias, naming the structures of the world we are asked to accept as givens, etc. - where then do these things go, the very nature of how discourse is made, when so-called “fiction” disappears? The presumption that “nonfiction” somehow rids us of all the complications attendant to the making of any assertion is naive at best and at worst a recipe for How to (Continue to) Be Oppressed. Innovative fiction writers contend that Naipaul’s demands that writing reflect the complexity of today’s world require not the abandonment of artistic gestures but demanding and making more complex constructions than we are told constitute “the novel” at present. When fiction is seen primarily as an escape, a form of entertainment, then its ability to be relevant will indeed be questionable. Much small press writing deliberately configures its function as a serious one, involved with the national psyche, indeed perhaps with disabusing us of greater fictions which have gripped us as a nation, as seen above in Desautels’s appropriative language. Likewise, Spuyten Duyvil has taken to using the slogan, “Literature is not what a society pretends,” which simultaneously points to a great deal of fictionalizing, or pretending, going on in the culture at large, and to an antidote in the art of fictionalizing, the making of literature. A true literature invents out of the materials of culture and endeavors not ust to participate in but to reveal the fictions that frequently are foisted upon us for reasons of mystification, power, and profit.

The End of the Day/End of the Night

I am shot, the way one is shot at conferences and festivals of the intellect, where the mind spends all day as a Rock-em-Sock-em Robot, thudding and being thudded, getting your block knocked off and making noises in your head like a reel being quickly emptied of line, then having your block pressed back into place to resume being concussed with ideas. One more session. I sit at my table for a few moments and actually sell a few books. Chat. Yes, OK, now it’s time. People scurry away, the break between sessions ended, new ones are starting again. Dazed, I get up and stumble to the first classroom I see and open the door.

It’s the door I entered seven hours ago to hear Tod Thilleman’s morning harangue. But now it’s transformed. Darkened, there is very little seating space: the room is jammed with people, boxes of books, a podium, a projector shining images on the screen, more boxes of books. A man is uncrating these and handing them out around the room. In the front of the room, opposite the speaker at the podium, a ballet dancer does stretches against the white dry-erase board then, finishing these, various dances. The projection directly onto the board features a man reading Brecht essays, aloud, but softly, so it is hard to make out words. In front of the projection is a TV, where we hear a woman reading what seems to be a foreign language, too softly for the words to be made out.

At this point, a man enters the classroom, moves to the podium in front, and begins to lecture on the history of the theatre. I now recall that I had seen him seated outside the room as I made my way in. The man handing out books is now in front of me and hands me The Time-Life Book of Traditional American Crafts. Now, up front, the dancer gets atop a table and rolls around, not sexually, but certainly very physically. Another woman who had been off to the side now appears, wearing a fur boa, and begins singing a torch song. At this point I try to hear what the speaker is saying at the podium, and through the growing cacophony I hear, “Hiroshima,” “exploitation,” “peoples’ mutual relations.” He is now up to number 20 in what is evidently a series of theses. As more people now come in the door behind me, I am forced to move. I squeeze up toward the front of the room, where I climb up on a table that had been pushed against the wall to make room. I sit on the table with my back against the wall. The action I am now closest to is the singer:

You love me
You love me
Then you snub me

I laugh out loud. The projected video now shows a Chicago street scene. The TV shows yet another reader of some text, probably the fourth or fifth in succession. Jessica Treat is seated on my left. She turns to me as I madly scribble in a small black notebook:

“What are you writing?”

The answer isn’t as interesting as I’d like it to be, given the goings on:

“I was asked to report on this conference for electronic book review.”

A man I had previously taken for another audience member now begins playing discordant trumpet.

Interpretation: Entitled “The Failure of Modern Politics,” the performance’s contention that, in essence, we are all in contemporary society overstimulated, preoccupied, and subject to too many competing claims was not particularly a new notion, and so I can’t say the meaning of anything in that room was startling. The theatrical experience, on the other hand, felt startling, and anything but exhausted. I felt unexpectedly elated.“The Failure of Modern Politics” by Stephen Lapthisopon, with Charlene Brooks, Stephen Burns, Mark Hanner, Tracy McCabe, and Eli Robb.

But I now was that much more ready for an ending, and was looking forward to the evening reception. Soon, there I was, in a stately campus hall, at the far end of everything, greedily slurping chablis.

The last thing I wanted was to be confronted by there was more art.

But here again is Davis.

I have not mentioned Davis Schneiderman, which is perhaps another demonstration of how far from the actual experience of an event a written account can be, because once I got North of Chicago, Davis had been everywhere. Review the tape. Here now at the start of the opening panel, before Gass, Jackson, and Kelley begin to speak, is Davis, welcoming us, thanking us for attending, giving thanks as well to the team of students, faculty, staff, and sponsors who have allowed the event to go off. Fast-forward as I arrive the next morning to set up my book table and here’s Davis again, directing traffic to appropriate places and offering coffee. Davis is at panels all day; Davis is making sure the equipment works; Davis is pointing us in the direction of local restaurants.Davis, too, is the author/editor of the ingenious anti-novel, Multifesto: A Henri d’Mescan Reader. One has heard all tales throughout an avant-garde upbringing of how this or that gesture in the history of the book has drawn attention to the physical objectness of the literary creation; Schneiderman’s Multifesto has a permanent footnote in my own mental catalogue of such: its covers are sandpaper, meant to insult whatever texts one places next to it on one’s shelf. And “Henri D’Mescan,” the previously little-known author-provocateur whose biography somersaults any attempt at easy synopsis, is also, by glorious coincidence, an anagram of “Schneiderman.”

Davis finds the room where I am hiding out (with others, it should be said) away from whatever might be planned to take place and sheepishly tells us, “The performance is about to start.” Several times, so that there is no escape.

Dutifully, the pack of academics and artists who were hiding out with me all move toward the central room in the hall.

There we find LaTasha N. Nevada Diggs, poet, musician, and self-proclaimed “wannabe linguist.”

The brief performance that follows is stunning. Diggs’s poetry, sung to her own accompaniment on electronic control panel featuring a sophisticated electronic delay mechanism called a “chaos pad,” is macaronic verse of words and phrases cobbled from phrasebooks of marginalized languages throughout the world: Hawaiian, Samoan, Cherokee, and others, infused with hip-hop strategies. Diggs herself comes arrayed for the occasion: an African-American woman from Harlem, she wears an ornate headress that makes her appear like some sort of pre-Western-contact shaman. The sound fits the look: like nothing else I have ever heard, I am first in line to buy her CD.An example of Diggs’s macaronic verse is seen and heard in “Gamelon” here, though without the electronic music background. &Now has surprised til the end.

Final Judgment: The Lesson of &Now

Don’t get tired. Creative enthusiasm in the spirit of any or all arts constantly reinvents and reinfuses itself. That is all you know and all you need to know.Somewhere in there was my own panel, presenting readings by

          Re:Politics - USA        
Well just saw this and thought it looks like a good read, until it took a very hard turn into the twilight zone:

Spoiler:
Phil Alba
March 9 · Amityville, NY ·
Although I have some reservations about Donald Trump, this article below by Bill Bennett articulates unimpeachable realities and deserves a few of your minutes to read and consider....


BE CAREFUL OUT THERE

Written by the distinguished Bill Bennett about Donald Trump.
I think you will find it very interesting and alarming.
You might want to take the time to read it.

[cid:3D8E143E5278495885E4EE1F1D6DC3E8@LaptopHP]
PHD - Secretary of Education under Ronald Reagan
Cultural studies at the distinguished and renowned Heritage Foundation

Interesting take on Trump.
William J. Bennett, Host of Bill Bennett's Morning in America Show, is one of America's most important, influential, and respected voices on cultural, political, and education issues.He has one of the strongest Christian worldviews of any writer in modern times.

What I See Happening In a Trump Presidency
By Bill Bennett

They will try to kill him before they let him be president.
It could be a Republican or a Democrat that instigates the shutting up of Trump.
Don’t be surprised if Trump has an accident. Some people are getting very nervous: Barack Obama, Valerie Jarrett, Eric Holder, Hillary Clinton and Jon Corzine, to name just a few.

It's about the unholy dynamics between big government, big business, and big media. They all benefit by the billions of dollars from this partnership, and it's in all of their interests to protect one another. It's one for all and all for one.

It’s a heck of a filthy relationship that makes everyone filthy rich, everyone except the American people. We get ripped off. We’re the patsies. But for once, the powerful socialist cabal and the corrupt crony capitalists are scared. The over-the-top reaction to Trump by politicians of both parties, the media, and the biggest corporations of America has been so swift and insanely angry that it suggests they are all threatened and frightened.

Donald Trump can self-fund. No matter how much they say to the contrary, the media, business, and political elite understand that Trump is no joke. He could actually win and upset their nice cozy apple cart.

It's no coincidence that everyone has gotten together to destroy The Donald. It's because most of the other politicians are part of the a good old boys club. They talk big, but they won’t change a thing. They are all beholden to big-money donors.

They are all owned by lobbyists, unions, lawyers, gigantic environmental organizations, and multinational corporations – like Big Pharmacy or Big Oil. Or they are owned lock, stock, and barrel by foreigners like George Soros owns Obama or foreign governments own Hillary and their Clinton Foundation donations.

These run-of-the-mill establishment politicians are all puppets owned by big money. But there's one man who isn't beholden to anyone.

There's one man who doesn't need foreigners, or foreign governments, or George Soros, or the United Auto Workers, or the teacher's union, or the Service Employees International Union, or the Bar Association to fund his campaign.

Billionaire tycoon and maverick Donald Trump doesn’t need anyone’s help. That means he doesn’t care what the media says. He doesn’t care what the corporate elites think. That makes him very dangerous to the entrenched interests. That makes Trump a huge threat to those people. Trump can ruin everything for the bribed politicians and their spoiled slave masters.

Don’t you ever wonder why the GOP has never tried to impeach Obama? Don’t you wonder why John Boehner and Mitch McConnell talk a big game, but never actually try to stop Obama?

Don’t you wonder why Congress holds the purse strings, yet has never tried to defund Obamacare or Obama’s clearly illegal executive action on amnesty for illegal aliens? Bizarre, right? It defies logic, right?

First, I'd guess many key Republicans are being bribed. Secondly, I believe many key Republicans are being blackmailed. Whether they are having affairs, or secretly gay, or stealing taxpayer money, the National Security Agency knows everything.

Ask former House Speaker Dennis Hastert about that. The government even knew he was withdrawing large sums of his own money from his own bank account. The NSA, the SEC, the IRS, and all the other three-letter government agencies are watching every Republican political leader. They surveil everything.

Thirdly, many Republicans are petrified of being called racists, so they are scared to ever criticize Obama or call out his crimes, let alone demand his impeachment.

Fourth , why rock the boat? After defeat or retirement, if you’re a good old boy, you’ve got a $5 million-per-year lobbying job waiting. The big-money interests have the system gamed. Win or lose, they win.

But Trump doesn’t play by any of these rules. Trump breaks up this nice, cozy relationship between big government, big media, and big business. All the rules are out the window if Trump wins the Presidency. The other politicians will protect Obama and his aides but not Trump.

Remember: Trump is the guy who publicly questioned Obama's birth certificate. He questioned Obama's college records and how a mediocre student got into an Ivy League university. Now, he's doing something no Republican has the chutzpah to do. He's questioning our relationship with Mexico; he's questioning why the border is wide open; he's questioning why no wall has been built across the border; he's questioning if allowing millions of illegal aliens into America is in our best interests; he's questioning why so many illegal aliens commit violent crimes, yet are not deported; and he's questioning why our trade deals with Mexico, Russia and China are so bad.

Trump has the audacity to ask out loud why American workers always get the short end of the stick. Good question!

I'm certain Trump will question what happened to the almost billion dollars given in a rigged no-bid contract to college friends of Michelle Obama at foreign companies to build the defective Obamacare website. By the way, that tab is now up to $5 billion.

Trump will ask if Obamacare's architects can be charged with fraud for selling it by lying. Trump will investigate Obama's widespread IRS conspiracy, not to mention Obama's college records. Trump will prosecute Clinton and Obama for fraud committed to cover up Benghazi before the election. How about the fraud committed by employees of the Labor Department when they made up dramatic job numbers in the last jobs report before the 2012 election?

Obama, the multinational corporations and the media need to stop Trump. They recognize this could get out of control. If left unchecked, telling the raw truth and asking questions everyone else is afraid to ask, Trump could wake a sleeping giant.

Trump's election would be a nightmare. Obama has committed many crimes. No one else but Trump would dare to prosecute. He will not hesitate. Once Trump gets in and gets a look at the cooked books and Obama's records, the game is over.

The jig is up. The goose is cooked. Holder could wind up in prison. Jarrett could wind up in prison. Obama bundler Corzine could wind up in prison for losing $1.5 billion of customer money.

Clinton could wind up in jail for deleting 32,000 emails or for accepting bribes from foreign governments while Secretary of State, or for misplacing $6 billion as the head of the State Department, or for lying about Benghazi. The entire upper level management of the IRS could wind up in prison.

Obamacare will be de-funded and dismantled. Obama himself could wind up ruined, his legacy in tatters. Trump will investigate. Trump will prosecute. Trump will go after everyone involved. That’s why the dogs of hell have been unleashed on Donald Trump.

Yes, it's become open season on Donald Trump.

The left and the right are determined to attack his policies, harm his businesses and if possible, even keep him out of the coming debates. But they can't silence him. And they sure can't intimidate him.

The more they try, the more the public will realize that he's the one telling the truth.

          Re:Politics - USA        
Asterios wrote:
Well just saw this and thought it looks like a good read, until it took a very hard turn into the twilight zone:

Spoiler:
Phil Alba
March 9 · Amityville, NY ·
Although I have some reservations about Donald Trump, this article below by Bill Bennett articulates unimpeachable realities and deserves a few of your minutes to read and consider....


BE CAREFUL OUT THERE

Written by the distinguished Bill Bennett about Donald Trump.
I think you will find it very interesting and alarming.
You might want to take the time to read it.

[cid:3D8E143E5278495885E4EE1F1D6DC3E8@LaptopHP]
PHD - Secretary of Education under Ronald Reagan
Cultural studies at the distinguished and renowned Heritage Foundation

Interesting take on Trump.
William J. Bennett, Host of Bill Bennett's Morning in America Show, is one of America's most important, influential, and respected voices on cultural, political, and education issues.He has one of the strongest Christian worldviews of any writer in modern times.

What I See Happening In a Trump Presidency
By Bill Bennett

They will try to kill him before they let him be president.
It could be a Republican or a Democrat that instigates the shutting up of Trump.
Don’t be surprised if Trump has an accident. Some people are getting very nervous: Barack Obama, Valerie Jarrett, Eric Holder, Hillary Clinton and Jon Corzine, to name just a few.

It's about the unholy dynamics between big government, big business, and big media. They all benefit by the billions of dollars from this partnership, and it's in all of their interests to protect one another. It's one for all and all for one.

It’s a heck of a filthy relationship that makes everyone filthy rich, everyone except the American people. We get ripped off. We’re the patsies. But for once, the powerful socialist cabal and the corrupt crony capitalists are scared. The over-the-top reaction to Trump by politicians of both parties, the media, and the biggest corporations of America has been so swift and insanely angry that it suggests they are all threatened and frightened.

Donald Trump can self-fund. No matter how much they say to the contrary, the media, business, and political elite understand that Trump is no joke. He could actually win and upset their nice cozy apple cart.

It's no coincidence that everyone has gotten together to destroy The Donald. It's because most of the other politicians are part of the a good old boys club. They talk big, but they won’t change a thing. They are all beholden to big-money donors.

They are all owned by lobbyists, unions, lawyers, gigantic environmental organizations, and multinational corporations – like Big Pharmacy or Big Oil. Or they are owned lock, stock, and barrel by foreigners like George Soros owns Obama or foreign governments own Hillary and their Clinton Foundation donations.

These run-of-the-mill establishment politicians are all puppets owned by big money. But there's one man who isn't beholden to anyone.

There's one man who doesn't need foreigners, or foreign governments, or George Soros, or the United Auto Workers, or the teacher's union, or the Service Employees International Union, or the Bar Association to fund his campaign.

Billionaire tycoon and maverick Donald Trump doesn’t need anyone’s help. That means he doesn’t care what the media says. He doesn’t care what the corporate elites think. That makes him very dangerous to the entrenched interests. That makes Trump a huge threat to those people. Trump can ruin everything for the bribed politicians and their spoiled slave masters.

Don’t you ever wonder why the GOP has never tried to impeach Obama? Don’t you wonder why John Boehner and Mitch McConnell talk a big game, but never actually try to stop Obama?

Don’t you wonder why Congress holds the purse strings, yet has never tried to defund Obamacare or Obama’s clearly illegal executive action on amnesty for illegal aliens? Bizarre, right? It defies logic, right?

First, I'd guess many key Republicans are being bribed. Secondly, I believe many key Republicans are being blackmailed. Whether they are having affairs, or secretly gay, or stealing taxpayer money, the National Security Agency knows everything.

Ask former House Speaker Dennis Hastert about that. The government even knew he was withdrawing large sums of his own money from his own bank account. The NSA, the SEC, the IRS, and all the other three-letter government agencies are watching every Republican political leader. They surveil everything.

Thirdly, many Republicans are petrified of being called racists, so they are scared to ever criticize Obama or call out his crimes, let alone demand his impeachment.

Fourth , why rock the boat? After defeat or retirement, if you’re a good old boy, you’ve got a $5 million-per-year lobbying job waiting. The big-money interests have the system gamed. Win or lose, they win.

But Trump doesn’t play by any of these rules. Trump breaks up this nice, cozy relationship between big government, big media, and big business. All the rules are out the window if Trump wins the Presidency. The other politicians will protect Obama and his aides but not Trump.

Remember: Trump is the guy who publicly questioned Obama's birth certificate. He questioned Obama's college records and how a mediocre student got into an Ivy League university. Now, he's doing something no Republican has the chutzpah to do. He's questioning our relationship with Mexico; he's questioning why the border is wide open; he's questioning why no wall has been built across the border; he's questioning if allowing millions of illegal aliens into America is in our best interests; he's questioning why so many illegal aliens commit violent crimes, yet are not deported; and he's questioning why our trade deals with Mexico, Russia and China are so bad.

Trump has the audacity to ask out loud why American workers always get the short end of the stick. Good question!

I'm certain Trump will question what happened to the almost billion dollars given in a rigged no-bid contract to college friends of Michelle Obama at foreign companies to build the defective Obamacare website. By the way, that tab is now up to $5 billion.

Trump will ask if Obamacare's architects can be charged with fraud for selling it by lying. Trump will investigate Obama's widespread IRS conspiracy, not to mention Obama's college records. Trump will prosecute Clinton and Obama for fraud committed to cover up Benghazi before the election. How about the fraud committed by employees of the Labor Department when they made up dramatic job numbers in the last jobs report before the 2012 election?

Obama, the multinational corporations and the media need to stop Trump. They recognize this could get out of control. If left unchecked, telling the raw truth and asking questions everyone else is afraid to ask, Trump could wake a sleeping giant.

Trump's election would be a nightmare. Obama has committed many crimes. No one else but Trump would dare to prosecute. He will not hesitate. Once Trump gets in and gets a look at the cooked books and Obama's records, the game is over.

The jig is up. The goose is cooked. Holder could wind up in prison. Jarrett could wind up in prison. Obama bundler Corzine could wind up in prison for losing $1.5 billion of customer money.

Clinton could wind up in jail for deleting 32,000 emails or for accepting bribes from foreign governments while Secretary of State, or for misplacing $6 billion as the head of the State Department, or for lying about Benghazi. The entire upper level management of the IRS could wind up in prison.

Obamacare will be de-funded and dismantled. Obama himself could wind up ruined, his legacy in tatters. Trump will investigate. Trump will prosecute. Trump will go after everyone involved. That’s why the dogs of hell have been unleashed on Donald Trump.

Yes, it's become open season on Donald Trump.

The left and the right are determined to attack his policies, harm his businesses and if possible, even keep him out of the coming debates. But they can't silence him. And they sure can't intimidate him.

The more they try, the more the public will realize that he's the one telling the truth.


So...immediately, then?

:p
          Re:Politics - USA        
 Spinner wrote:
Asterios wrote:
Well just saw this and thought it looks like a good read, until it took a very hard turn into the twilight zone:

Spoiler:
Phil Alba
March 9 · Amityville, NY ·
Although I have some reservations about Donald Trump, this article below by Bill Bennett articulates unimpeachable realities and deserves a few of your minutes to read and consider....


BE CAREFUL OUT THERE

Written by the distinguished Bill Bennett about Donald Trump.
I think you will find it very interesting and alarming.
You might want to take the time to read it.

[cid:3D8E143E5278495885E4EE1F1D6DC3E8@LaptopHP]
PHD - Secretary of Education under Ronald Reagan
Cultural studies at the distinguished and renowned Heritage Foundation

Interesting take on Trump.
William J. Bennett, Host of Bill Bennett's Morning in America Show, is one of America's most important, influential, and respected voices on cultural, political, and education issues.He has one of the strongest Christian worldviews of any writer in modern times.

What I See Happening In a Trump Presidency
By Bill Bennett

They will try to kill him before they let him be president.
It could be a Republican or a Democrat that instigates the shutting up of Trump.
Don’t be surprised if Trump has an accident. Some people are getting very nervous: Barack Obama, Valerie Jarrett, Eric Holder, Hillary Clinton and Jon Corzine, to name just a few.

It's about the unholy dynamics between big government, big business, and big media. They all benefit by the billions of dollars from this partnership, and it's in all of their interests to protect one another. It's one for all and all for one.

It’s a heck of a filthy relationship that makes everyone filthy rich, everyone except the American people. We get ripped off. We’re the patsies. But for once, the powerful socialist cabal and the corrupt crony capitalists are scared. The over-the-top reaction to Trump by politicians of both parties, the media, and the biggest corporations of America has been so swift and insanely angry that it suggests they are all threatened and frightened.

Donald Trump can self-fund. No matter how much they say to the contrary, the media, business, and political elite understand that Trump is no joke. He could actually win and upset their nice cozy apple cart.

It's no coincidence that everyone has gotten together to destroy The Donald. It's because most of the other politicians are part of the a good old boys club. They talk big, but they won’t change a thing. They are all beholden to big-money donors.

They are all owned by lobbyists, unions, lawyers, gigantic environmental organizations, and multinational corporations – like Big Pharmacy or Big Oil. Or they are owned lock, stock, and barrel by foreigners like George Soros owns Obama or foreign governments own Hillary and their Clinton Foundation donations.

These run-of-the-mill establishment politicians are all puppets owned by big money. But there's one man who isn't beholden to anyone.

There's one man who doesn't need foreigners, or foreign governments, or George Soros, or the United Auto Workers, or the teacher's union, or the Service Employees International Union, or the Bar Association to fund his campaign.

Billionaire tycoon and maverick Donald Trump doesn’t need anyone’s help. That means he doesn’t care what the media says. He doesn’t care what the corporate elites think. That makes him very dangerous to the entrenched interests. That makes Trump a huge threat to those people. Trump can ruin everything for the bribed politicians and their spoiled slave masters.

Don’t you ever wonder why the GOP has never tried to impeach Obama? Don’t you wonder why John Boehner and Mitch McConnell talk a big game, but never actually try to stop Obama?

Don’t you wonder why Congress holds the purse strings, yet has never tried to defund Obamacare or Obama’s clearly illegal executive action on amnesty for illegal aliens? Bizarre, right? It defies logic, right?

First, I'd guess many key Republicans are being bribed. Secondly, I believe many key Republicans are being blackmailed. Whether they are having affairs, or secretly gay, or stealing taxpayer money, the National Security Agency knows everything.

Ask former House Speaker Dennis Hastert about that. The government even knew he was withdrawing large sums of his own money from his own bank account. The NSA, the SEC, the IRS, and all the other three-letter government agencies are watching every Republican political leader. They surveil everything.

Thirdly, many Republicans are petrified of being called racists, so they are scared to ever criticize Obama or call out his crimes, let alone demand his impeachment.

Fourth , why rock the boat? After defeat or retirement, if you’re a good old boy, you’ve got a $5 million-per-year lobbying job waiting. The big-money interests have the system gamed. Win or lose, they win.

But Trump doesn’t play by any of these rules. Trump breaks up this nice, cozy relationship between big government, big media, and big business. All the rules are out the window if Trump wins the Presidency. The other politicians will protect Obama and his aides but not Trump.

Remember: Trump is the guy who publicly questioned Obama's birth certificate. He questioned Obama's college records and how a mediocre student got into an Ivy League university. Now, he's doing something no Republican has the chutzpah to do. He's questioning our relationship with Mexico; he's questioning why the border is wide open; he's questioning why no wall has been built across the border; he's questioning if allowing millions of illegal aliens into America is in our best interests; he's questioning why so many illegal aliens commit violent crimes, yet are not deported; and he's questioning why our trade deals with Mexico, Russia and China are so bad.

Trump has the audacity to ask out loud why American workers always get the short end of the stick. Good question!

I'm certain Trump will question what happened to the almost billion dollars given in a rigged no-bid contract to college friends of Michelle Obama at foreign companies to build the defective Obamacare website. By the way, that tab is now up to $5 billion.

Trump will ask if Obamacare's architects can be charged with fraud for selling it by lying. Trump will investigate Obama's widespread IRS conspiracy, not to mention Obama's college records. Trump will prosecute Clinton and Obama for fraud committed to cover up Benghazi before the election. How about the fraud committed by employees of the Labor Department when they made up dramatic job numbers in the last jobs report before the 2012 election?

Obama, the multinational corporations and the media need to stop Trump. They recognize this could get out of control. If left unchecked, telling the raw truth and asking questions everyone else is afraid to ask, Trump could wake a sleeping giant.

Trump's election would be a nightmare. Obama has committed many crimes. No one else but Trump would dare to prosecute. He will not hesitate. Once Trump gets in and gets a look at the cooked books and Obama's records, the game is over.

The jig is up. The goose is cooked. Holder could wind up in prison. Jarrett could wind up in prison. Obama bundler Corzine could wind up in prison for losing $1.5 billion of customer money.

Clinton could wind up in jail for deleting 32,000 emails or for accepting bribes from foreign governments while Secretary of State, or for misplacing $6 billion as the head of the State Department, or for lying about Benghazi. The entire upper level management of the IRS could wind up in prison.

Obamacare will be de-funded and dismantled. Obama himself could wind up ruined, his legacy in tatters. Trump will investigate. Trump will prosecute. Trump will go after everyone involved. That’s why the dogs of hell have been unleashed on Donald Trump.

Yes, it's become open season on Donald Trump.

The left and the right are determined to attack his policies, harm his businesses and if possible, even keep him out of the coming debates. But they can't silence him. And they sure can't intimidate him.

The more they try, the more the public will realize that he's the one telling the truth.


So...immediately, then?

:p


well he was right about both parties and most big businesses not liking Trump, then things got lost in translation. but the first part is why I like trump fro the Win, the politicians don't want him too, and if they hate him he must be someone to take note of.
          Re:Politics - USA        
Asterios wrote:
 Spinner wrote:
Asterios wrote:
Well just saw this and thought it looks like a good read, until it took a very hard turn into the twilight zone:

Spoiler:
Phil Alba
March 9 · Amityville, NY ·
Although I have some reservations about Donald Trump, this article below by Bill Bennett articulates unimpeachable realities and deserves a few of your minutes to read and consider....


BE CAREFUL OUT THERE

Written by the distinguished Bill Bennett about Donald Trump.
I think you will find it very interesting and alarming.
You might want to take the time to read it.

[cid:3D8E143E5278495885E4EE1F1D6DC3E8@LaptopHP]
PHD - Secretary of Education under Ronald Reagan
Cultural studies at the distinguished and renowned Heritage Foundation

Interesting take on Trump.
William J. Bennett, Host of Bill Bennett's Morning in America Show, is one of America's most important, influential, and respected voices on cultural, political, and education issues.He has one of the strongest Christian worldviews of any writer in modern times.

What I See Happening In a Trump Presidency
By Bill Bennett

They will try to kill him before they let him be president.
It could be a Republican or a Democrat that instigates the shutting up of Trump.
Don’t be surprised if Trump has an accident. Some people are getting very nervous: Barack Obama, Valerie Jarrett, Eric Holder, Hillary Clinton and Jon Corzine, to name just a few.

It's about the unholy dynamics between big government, big business, and big media. They all benefit by the billions of dollars from this partnership, and it's in all of their interests to protect one another. It's one for all and all for one.

It’s a heck of a filthy relationship that makes everyone filthy rich, everyone except the American people. We get ripped off. We’re the patsies. But for once, the powerful socialist cabal and the corrupt crony capitalists are scared. The over-the-top reaction to Trump by politicians of both parties, the media, and the biggest corporations of America has been so swift and insanely angry that it suggests they are all threatened and frightened.

Donald Trump can self-fund. No matter how much they say to the contrary, the media, business, and political elite understand that Trump is no joke. He could actually win and upset their nice cozy apple cart.

It's no coincidence that everyone has gotten together to destroy The Donald. It's because most of the other politicians are part of the a good old boys club. They talk big, but they won’t change a thing. They are all beholden to big-money donors.

They are all owned by lobbyists, unions, lawyers, gigantic environmental organizations, and multinational corporations – like Big Pharmacy or Big Oil. Or they are owned lock, stock, and barrel by foreigners like George Soros owns Obama or foreign governments own Hillary and their Clinton Foundation donations.

These run-of-the-mill establishment politicians are all puppets owned by big money. But there's one man who isn't beholden to anyone.

There's one man who doesn't need foreigners, or foreign governments, or George Soros, or the United Auto Workers, or the teacher's union, or the Service Employees International Union, or the Bar Association to fund his campaign.

Billionaire tycoon and maverick Donald Trump doesn’t need anyone’s help. That means he doesn’t care what the media says. He doesn’t care what the corporate elites think. That makes him very dangerous to the entrenched interests. That makes Trump a huge threat to those people. Trump can ruin everything for the bribed politicians and their spoiled slave masters.

Don’t you ever wonder why the GOP has never tried to impeach Obama? Don’t you wonder why John Boehner and Mitch McConnell talk a big game, but never actually try to stop Obama?

Don’t you wonder why Congress holds the purse strings, yet has never tried to defund Obamacare or Obama’s clearly illegal executive action on amnesty for illegal aliens? Bizarre, right? It defies logic, right?

First, I'd guess many key Republicans are being bribed. Secondly, I believe many key Republicans are being blackmailed. Whether they are having affairs, or secretly gay, or stealing taxpayer money, the National Security Agency knows everything.

Ask former House Speaker Dennis Hastert about that. The government even knew he was withdrawing large sums of his own money from his own bank account. The NSA, the SEC, the IRS, and all the other three-letter government agencies are watching every Republican political leader. They surveil everything.

Thirdly, many Republicans are petrified of being called racists, so they are scared to ever criticize Obama or call out his crimes, let alone demand his impeachment.

Fourth , why rock the boat? After defeat or retirement, if you’re a good old boy, you’ve got a $5 million-per-year lobbying job waiting. The big-money interests have the system gamed. Win or lose, they win.

But Trump doesn’t play by any of these rules. Trump breaks up this nice, cozy relationship between big government, big media, and big business. All the rules are out the window if Trump wins the Presidency. The other politicians will protect Obama and his aides but not Trump.

Remember: Trump is the guy who publicly questioned Obama's birth certificate. He questioned Obama's college records and how a mediocre student got into an Ivy League university. Now, he's doing something no Republican has the chutzpah to do. He's questioning our relationship with Mexico; he's questioning why the border is wide open; he's questioning why no wall has been built across the border; he's questioning if allowing millions of illegal aliens into America is in our best interests; he's questioning why so many illegal aliens commit violent crimes, yet are not deported; and he's questioning why our trade deals with Mexico, Russia and China are so bad.

Trump has the audacity to ask out loud why American workers always get the short end of the stick. Good question!

I'm certain Trump will question what happened to the almost billion dollars given in a rigged no-bid contract to college friends of Michelle Obama at foreign companies to build the defective Obamacare website. By the way, that tab is now up to $5 billion.

Trump will ask if Obamacare's architects can be charged with fraud for selling it by lying. Trump will investigate Obama's widespread IRS conspiracy, not to mention Obama's college records. Trump will prosecute Clinton and Obama for fraud committed to cover up Benghazi before the election. How about the fraud committed by employees of the Labor Department when they made up dramatic job numbers in the last jobs report before the 2012 election?

Obama, the multinational corporations and the media need to stop Trump. They recognize this could get out of control. If left unchecked, telling the raw truth and asking questions everyone else is afraid to ask, Trump could wake a sleeping giant.

Trump's election would be a nightmare. Obama has committed many crimes. No one else but Trump would dare to prosecute. He will not hesitate. Once Trump gets in and gets a look at the cooked books and Obama's records, the game is over.

The jig is up. The goose is cooked. Holder could wind up in prison. Jarrett could wind up in prison. Obama bundler Corzine could wind up in prison for losing $1.5 billion of customer money.

Clinton could wind up in jail for deleting 32,000 emails or for accepting bribes from foreign governments while Secretary of State, or for misplacing $6 billion as the head of the State Department, or for lying about Benghazi. The entire upper level management of the IRS could wind up in prison.

Obamacare will be de-funded and dismantled. Obama himself could wind up ruined, his legacy in tatters. Trump will investigate. Trump will prosecute. Trump will go after everyone involved. That’s why the dogs of hell have been unleashed on Donald Trump.

Yes, it's become open season on Donald Trump.

The left and the right are determined to attack his policies, harm his businesses and if possible, even keep him out of the coming debates. But they can't silence him. And they sure can't intimidate him.

The more they try, the more the public will realize that he's the one telling the truth.


So...immediately, then?

:p


well he was right about both parties and most big businesses not liking Trump, then things got lost in translation. but the first part is why I like trump fro the Win, the politicians don't want him too, and if they hate him he must be someone to take note of.


Lost in translation, buried beneath crazy rhetoric and wild accusations...potato, potahto, right?

It's not just 'politicians and big businesses' that don't like him, and they don't dislike him just because he's shaking things up in the political arena. He's a bully. He's a loudmouth. He's a bigot, or at the very least he's riding a wave of bigoted sentiment. He's a thin-skinned narcissist. He calls names and talks about the size of his genitals during debates (at least Lyndon Johnson would whip it out and back up what he was saying). And, maybe most importantly, he has no desire to fact-check or take a firm position. Whatever he says at that moment becomes the Official Trump Platform, until he changes his mind, is told he just called for a war crime, or wants to appeal to a different crowd.

He's a weathervane. He's the worst sort of career politician, but without the career and the small saving grace of experience that would bring. Why does ANYONE who claims to be looking for honesty or sending a message to the political establishment want to give him their support? The only message it sends is "We like mudslinging and pandering. More of that, please."
          Re:Politics - USA        
 Spinner wrote:
Asterios wrote:
 Spinner wrote:
Asterios wrote:
Well just saw this and thought it looks like a good read, until it took a very hard turn into the twilight zone:

Spoiler:
Phil Alba
March 9 · Amityville, NY ·
Although I have some reservations about Donald Trump, this article below by Bill Bennett articulates unimpeachable realities and deserves a few of your minutes to read and consider....


BE CAREFUL OUT THERE

Written by the distinguished Bill Bennett about Donald Trump.
I think you will find it very interesting and alarming.
You might want to take the time to read it.

[cid:3D8E143E5278495885E4EE1F1D6DC3E8@LaptopHP]
PHD - Secretary of Education under Ronald Reagan
Cultural studies at the distinguished and renowned Heritage Foundation

Interesting take on Trump.
William J. Bennett, Host of Bill Bennett's Morning in America Show, is one of America's most important, influential, and respected voices on cultural, political, and education issues.He has one of the strongest Christian worldviews of any writer in modern times.

What I See Happening In a Trump Presidency
By Bill Bennett

They will try to kill him before they let him be president.
It could be a Republican or a Democrat that instigates the shutting up of Trump.
Don’t be surprised if Trump has an accident. Some people are getting very nervous: Barack Obama, Valerie Jarrett, Eric Holder, Hillary Clinton and Jon Corzine, to name just a few.

It's about the unholy dynamics between big government, big business, and big media. They all benefit by the billions of dollars from this partnership, and it's in all of their interests to protect one another. It's one for all and all for one.

It’s a heck of a filthy relationship that makes everyone filthy rich, everyone except the American people. We get ripped off. We’re the patsies. But for once, the powerful socialist cabal and the corrupt crony capitalists are scared. The over-the-top reaction to Trump by politicians of both parties, the media, and the biggest corporations of America has been so swift and insanely angry that it suggests they are all threatened and frightened.

Donald Trump can self-fund. No matter how much they say to the contrary, the media, business, and political elite understand that Trump is no joke. He could actually win and upset their nice cozy apple cart.

It's no coincidence that everyone has gotten together to destroy The Donald. It's because most of the other politicians are part of the a good old boys club. They talk big, but they won’t change a thing. They are all beholden to big-money donors.

They are all owned by lobbyists, unions, lawyers, gigantic environmental organizations, and multinational corporations – like Big Pharmacy or Big Oil. Or they are owned lock, stock, and barrel by foreigners like George Soros owns Obama or foreign governments own Hillary and their Clinton Foundation donations.

These run-of-the-mill establishment politicians are all puppets owned by big money. But there's one man who isn't beholden to anyone.

There's one man who doesn't need foreigners, or foreign governments, or George Soros, or the United Auto Workers, or the teacher's union, or the Service Employees International Union, or the Bar Association to fund his campaign.

Billionaire tycoon and maverick Donald Trump doesn’t need anyone’s help. That means he doesn’t care what the media says. He doesn’t care what the corporate elites think. That makes him very dangerous to the entrenched interests. That makes Trump a huge threat to those people. Trump can ruin everything for the bribed politicians and their spoiled slave masters.

Don’t you ever wonder why the GOP has never tried to impeach Obama? Don’t you wonder why John Boehner and Mitch McConnell talk a big game, but never actually try to stop Obama?

Don’t you wonder why Congress holds the purse strings, yet has never tried to defund Obamacare or Obama’s clearly illegal executive action on amnesty for illegal aliens? Bizarre, right? It defies logic, right?

First, I'd guess many key Republicans are being bribed. Secondly, I believe many key Republicans are being blackmailed. Whether they are having affairs, or secretly gay, or stealing taxpayer money, the National Security Agency knows everything.

Ask former House Speaker Dennis Hastert about that. The government even knew he was withdrawing large sums of his own money from his own bank account. The NSA, the SEC, the IRS, and all the other three-letter government agencies are watching every Republican political leader. They surveil everything.

Thirdly, many Republicans are petrified of being called racists, so they are scared to ever criticize Obama or call out his crimes, let alone demand his impeachment.

Fourth , why rock the boat? After defeat or retirement, if you’re a good old boy, you’ve got a $5 million-per-year lobbying job waiting. The big-money interests have the system gamed. Win or lose, they win.

But Trump doesn’t play by any of these rules. Trump breaks up this nice, cozy relationship between big government, big media, and big business. All the rules are out the window if Trump wins the Presidency. The other politicians will protect Obama and his aides but not Trump.

Remember: Trump is the guy who publicly questioned Obama's birth certificate. He questioned Obama's college records and how a mediocre student got into an Ivy League university. Now, he's doing something no Republican has the chutzpah to do. He's questioning our relationship with Mexico; he's questioning why the border is wide open; he's questioning why no wall has been built across the border; he's questioning if allowing millions of illegal aliens into America is in our best interests; he's questioning why so many illegal aliens commit violent crimes, yet are not deported; and he's questioning why our trade deals with Mexico, Russia and China are so bad.

Trump has the audacity to ask out loud why American workers always get the short end of the stick. Good question!

I'm certain Trump will question what happened to the almost billion dollars given in a rigged no-bid contract to college friends of Michelle Obama at foreign companies to build the defective Obamacare website. By the way, that tab is now up to $5 billion.

Trump will ask if Obamacare's architects can be charged with fraud for selling it by lying. Trump will investigate Obama's widespread IRS conspiracy, not to mention Obama's college records. Trump will prosecute Clinton and Obama for fraud committed to cover up Benghazi before the election. How about the fraud committed by employees of the Labor Department when they made up dramatic job numbers in the last jobs report before the 2012 election?

Obama, the multinational corporations and the media need to stop Trump. They recognize this could get out of control. If left unchecked, telling the raw truth and asking questions everyone else is afraid to ask, Trump could wake a sleeping giant.

Trump's election would be a nightmare. Obama has committed many crimes. No one else but Trump would dare to prosecute. He will not hesitate. Once Trump gets in and gets a look at the cooked books and Obama's records, the game is over.

The jig is up. The goose is cooked. Holder could wind up in prison. Jarrett could wind up in prison. Obama bundler Corzine could wind up in prison for losing $1.5 billion of customer money.

Clinton could wind up in jail for deleting 32,000 emails or for accepting bribes from foreign governments while Secretary of State, or for misplacing $6 billion as the head of the State Department, or for lying about Benghazi. The entire upper level management of the IRS could wind up in prison.

Obamacare will be de-funded and dismantled. Obama himself could wind up ruined, his legacy in tatters. Trump will investigate. Trump will prosecute. Trump will go after everyone involved. That’s why the dogs of hell have been unleashed on Donald Trump.

Yes, it's become open season on Donald Trump.

The left and the right are determined to attack his policies, harm his businesses and if possible, even keep him out of the coming debates. But they can't silence him. And they sure can't intimidate him.

The more they try, the more the public will realize that he's the one telling the truth.


So...immediately, then?

:p


well he was right about both parties and most big businesses not liking Trump, then things got lost in translation. but the first part is why I like trump fro the Win, the politicians don't want him too, and if they hate him he must be someone to take note of.


Lost in translation, buried beneath crazy rhetoric and wild accusations...potato, potahto, right?

It's not just 'politicians and big businesses' that don't like him, and they don't dislike him just because he's shaking things up in the political arena. He's a bully. He's a loudmouth. He's a bigot, or at the very least he's riding a wave of bigoted sentiment. He's a thin-skinned narcissist. He calls names and talks about the size of his genitals during debates (at least Lyndon Johnson would whip it out and back up what he was saying). And, maybe most importantly, he has no desire to fact-check or take a firm position. Whatever he says at that moment becomes the Official Trump Platform, until he changes his mind, is told he just called for a war crime, or wants to appeal to a different crowd.

He's a weathervane. He's the worst sort of career politician, but without the career and the small saving grace of experience that would bring. Why does ANYONE who claims to be looking for honesty or sending a message to the political establishment want to give him their support? The only message it sends is "We like mudslinging and pandering. More of that, please."


no it means for all his faults, its not as bad as being a politician.
          A Matter of Meat and Democracy: A Crisis in Veterinary Public Health        
Jeannette Vaught is a former equine veterinary technician and current PhD Candidate at the University of Texas. Her dissertation, "Science, Animals, and Profit-Making in the American Rodeo Arena," documents the scientific enhancement and redefinition of rodeo animals over the second half of the twentieth century, and maps how professional rodeo navigates the tensions between tradition and modernity through a strategic use of animals. Susan D. Jones is a member of the dissertation committee. This post derives from her presentation at the September 2014 World Association for the History of Veterinary Medicine Congress in London, and provides a veterinary perspective of the effects of deregulation on the meat animal industry in the 1980s based on archival materials that did not make it into the dissertation. Follow her on Twitter: @JeannetteVaught.
____________

In September 1985, veterinarian and long-time United States Department of Agriculture meat inspector Carl Telleen penned a letter to his former USDA colleagues:  â€œTo my former fellow Review Officers,” he began, “It has been a most painful experience for all of us but one which we had to suffer in order to maintain our own integrity as well as to be able to expose the evils in government.” [1] The painful experience to which he is referring is a four-year battle between Telleen, the USDA, and the conglomerate of companies making up the lion’s share of the modern American meatpacking industry. In 1981, after serving for 20 years as a meat inspector, Telleen charged the USDA with instituting meat inspection policies that broke longstanding food safety laws and endangered the public. To his view, these changes were made for commercial and political reasons at the expense of public health. By 1985, Telleen’s whistleblowing campaign, steeped in acrimony and intimidation, had brought him national notoriety and made him a polarizing figure in the agricultural veterinary world. When the USDA deregulated its inspection policies, he was horrified that the public would consume contaminated meat, and lost faith in the government’s role in protecting citizens from harm. To Telleen, the principles of American democracy were centered on healthy meat, and both were at risk.




Carl Telleen became a veterinarian in 1937. He ran a private practice for agricultural animal medicine in Iowa, a growing hub of industrial pork and poultry, for over twenty years before becoming a USDA meat inspector in 1961. He spent the mid-1970s and early 1980s as part of an inspection review team, travelling across the United States to review inspection procedures at over 1500 plants over a span of eight years. During his tenure as a reviewer, the USDA loosened the definition of  â€œcontamination” in its Meat and Poultry Inspection Program to benefit corporate producers. With this change came adjustments in slaughterhouse procedure, which had been governed more or less continuously by the Federal Meat Inspection Act of 1906.

One of these adjustments was to allow for a certain amount of contaminated meat to remain in the food supply — a margin of error not allowable by law. This change was justified by an argument for efficiency: in order to meet increasing demands for an ever-growing number of processed carcasses per hour, such stringent contamination provisions were no longer tenable. In 1974, the poultry industry sought to loosen regulations at the evisceration station, where most inspection-related delays occurred. For example, if the delicate intestinal walls ruptured while cleaning the cavity, bringing fecal matter into contact with flesh, inspectors at the station were legally required to condemn the meat. In 1977, the USDA published the results of a contamination study in the Journal of Food Science, which found that the evisceration station was the main obstacle to greater plant efficiency. This study propelled poultry packers to lobby the USDA for change. By the early 1980s, the USDA relaxed its inspection procedures at the evisceration table, adjusting regulations “to permit fecal contaminated carcasses to be washed until they appeared clean and sold into commerce” and relaxing inspection protocols “to permit a large plant to produce as much as 28,000 #’s to 36,000 #’s of adulterated product per week” without being shut down by USDA inspectors. [2] The effect of this discrepancy was that federal veterinary inspectors were no longer able to flag all fecally contaminated meat or to shut down plants for violating contamination standards according to the law. The USDA therefore changed its regulatory policy to address the demands of efficiency, but did so in violation of longstanding laws.

Fig. 1. Des Moines Register
profile of Carl Telleen. [7]
In 1981, after witnessing the immediate increase in poultry contamination across the country and attempting to support veterinary inspectors who tried to condemn contaminated meat, Telleen was threatened with removal from his position as a reviewer. Shortly afterwards, he fired his opening salvo against the USDA from his hometown Iowa newspaper, the Des Moines Register: “I want the public to know,” he wrote, “that USDA forced me and my colleagues to follow agency policies and regulations that violated the federal law and jeopardized the public’s health.” [3] This editorial resulted in the USDA immediately removing him from his review team and placing him in a Washington, D.C. desk job, where, undaunted, he continued to press his case against the USDA, despite threats and even a gag order placed against him (Figure 1).

USDA deregulation and Telleen’s whistleblowing campaign had an immediate impact on veterinary inspector employment. In a 1982 letter to the president of the American Association of Federal Veterinarians, Telleen warned that “Scientific positions that should be filled by veterinarians are being filled by union member, non-scientific, lay inspectors” despite the fact that “the taxpayer supports universities for the purpose of preparing veterinarians to protect the food supply.” [4] In 1983, federal veterinarians in Arkansas published an editorial in the professional periodical The Federal Veterinarian, stating that their jobs had been threatened when they refused to allow fecally contaminated chicken — which they described as having “been bathed in a ‘fecal slurry’” — to pass inspection. They wrote, “Field veterinarians are becoming increasingly frustrated, and even humiliated by the manner in which our responsibility and authority for implementing the agency mission…has been undermined.” [5]

Telleen collected individual accounts from veterinarians who detailed the efforts of the USDA to curtail thorough inspections. This letter from Dr. Ruth Blackburn (Figure 2) is typical in its account of the harassment and intimidation she felt as the USDA coerced her and her colleagues into “rewriting our reports to downplay the defects and violations that we saw in the plants that we were inspecting” or “look for jobs elsewhere.”
Fig. 2. Affidavit in support of Telleen from
Dr. Ruth Blackburn. [8]
In light of these accounts, Dr. Fred Murphy, a Dean at the Colorado State University School of Veterinary Medicine, wrote to the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges on Telleen’s behalf, urging “that veterinarians like Dr. Telleen are naked and alone in their efforts…the veterinary profession as a whole had better decide to make a stand supporting our colleagues in the Inspection Services at USDA.”  The fear felt by Telleen and his veterinary supporters was that inspection deregulation, and the strong-arming of veterinarians into compromising their work, was a step towards removing trained veterinarians from the federal inspection process altogether. Their expertise in animal health, it seemed, was being eroded by the government’s shift from protecting public health to protecting corporate agricultural interests.

In 1985, Telleen won his only victory in this fight when the Government Accountability Project launched an investigation into the USDA’s abuse of deregulatory policies and harassment of veterinary inspectors. Yet despite the numerous affidavits written by fellow federal industrial veterinarians who testified that his campaign addressed the widespread contamination of meat and concurrent intimidation of inspectors, this is where his campaign ends. No action was ever taken against the agency, and resultant deregulatory policies stood. For Telleen, this change was more than a matter of structural readjustment: it was political. Telleen argued that the relationship between meat and democracy was direct, writing in exasperation, “It seems when a nation loses its democracy, the public will just have to eat adulterated meat and poultry products and pay taxes to help industry disguise it.” [6] The singular point of contact between flesh and waste expanded to contaminate the relationships between industrial agriculture and public health. Though Telleen was a persistent and uncompromising whistleblower, the deregulation of USDA’s inspection policies became standard to industrial processing procedure, severely compromising veterinarians’ ability to advocate for industrial animals, and for human and animal public health.
________________________

[1] Papers, RS 21/07/74, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University. Correspondence, Box 1 Folder 3, Carl Laurel Telleen Papers, RS 21//7/74, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University.
[2] Ibid.
[3] Clipping from the Des Moines Register, Box 1 Folder 1, Carl Laurel Telleen Papers, RS 21//7/74, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University.
[4] Correspondence, Box 1 Folder 3, Carl Laurel Telleen Papers, RS 21//7/74, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University.
[5] Testimonials, Box 1 Folder 4, Carl Laurel Telleen Papers, RS 21//7/74, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University.
[6] Telleen, “Abuse of Government Within the USDA: A Threat to the Family Farm,” Box 1 Folder 2, Carl Laurel Telleen Papers, RS 21//7/74, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University.
[7] Figure 1: Clipping from the October 22, 1984 issue of Iowa State Daily. Box 1 Folder 1, Carl Laurel Telleen Papers, RS 21/07/74, Special Collections Department, Iowa State University.
[8] Affidavit in support of Carl Telleen, August 26, 1985. Box 2 Folder 4, Carl Laurel Telleen



          PhD candidate Chloe Anderson attending Urbino Summer School in Paleoclimatology        
PhD candidate Chloe Anderson has been awarded an NSF scholarship to attend the 14th Urbino Summer School of Paleoclimatology (USSP) in Urbino, Italy. USSP focuses on dynamics of past climate with an emphasis on long-term carbon cycling and its implications on past and future climate. Lead by 25 senior scientists, USSP aims to provide students […]
          Italy’s newest bank bailout cost as much as its annual defense budget        
Two more Italian banks failed over the weekend– Banco Popolare di Vicenza and Veneto Banca. (In other news, the sky is blue.) The Italian Prime Minister himself stated that depositors’ funds were at risk, so the government stepped in with a bailout and guarantee package that could cost taxpayers as much as 17 billion euros. That’s a lot of money in Italy– around 1% of GDP. In fact it’s basically as much as the 17.1 billion euros they spent on national defense last year (according to an estimate by Italian think tank IAI). You don’t have to have a PhD in economics to figure out that NO government can afford […]
          Interpretive Dance and PhD Theses: Opposites Attract        

Each year the American Association for the Advancement of Science runs the most absurdly awesome competition ever created: Dance Your PhD. Yep, you read that right. Doctoral candidates in the sciences work tirelessly for years on cutting edge projects that will add something original to their field and then they think…huh, I wonder what this…

The post Interpretive Dance and PhD Theses: Opposites Attract appeared first on Bitter Empire.


          Eaton lance l'onduleur 9PHD pour environnements hostiles        
Secuobs.com : 2016-04-21 11:40:36 - Global Security Mag Online - Le spécialiste de l'alimentation électrique Eaton lance un onduleur marin de nouvelle génération L'onduleur Eaton 9PHD est conçu pour résister à des conditions d'exploitation très difficiles et assurer la fiabilité des systèmes critiques dans des environnements industriels et marins hostiles Ce nouveau modèle à usage industriel, de haute technicité et de conception modulaire, se caractérise par un rendement inégalé et des coûts d'exploitation optimisés, sans concession sur le plan de la fiabilité ou de la - Produits
          Crisis y reconstrucción del estado de bienestar en España: las posibilidades de la renta básica        
MORENO MÁRQUEZ, Gorka (2007) Crisis y reconstrucción del estado de bienestar en España: las posibilidades de la renta básica. PhD thesis, UPV/EHU.
          Políticas familiares en Europa: una aproximación al estado de bienestar desde un enfoque de genero        
MARTÍNEZ HERRERO, María José (2007) Políticas familiares en Europa: una aproximación al estado de bienestar desde un enfoque de genero. PhD thesis, UPV/EHU.
          El empleo a tiempo parcial como herramienta para compatibilizar la flexibilidad laboral y la conciliación de la vida personal y laboral        
SIRVENT GARCÍA DEL VALLE, Elena (2006) El empleo a tiempo parcial como herramienta para compatibilizar la flexibilidad laboral y la conciliación de la vida personal y laboral. PhD thesis, UPV/EHU.
          Proceso de categorización sociológica de los demandantes de prestaciones sociales        
RAYA DÍEZ, Esther (2001) Proceso de categorización sociológica de los demandantes de prestaciones sociales. PhD thesis, UPV/EHU.
          El sistema de los cargos de designación política en la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca        
MESA DEL OLMO, Adela (1998) El sistema de los cargos de designación política en la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca. PhD thesis, UPV/EHU.
           A grammar of Eibela: a language of the Western Province, Papua New Guinea         
Aiton, Grant William (2016) A grammar of Eibela: a language of the Western Province, Papua New Guinea. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           A grammar of Ma Manda a Papuan language of Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea         
Pennington, Ryan (2016) A grammar of Ma Manda a Papuan language of Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
           A grammar of Nungon: a Papuan language of the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea         
Sarvasy, Hannah Sacha (2014) A grammar of Nungon: a Papuan language of the Morobe Province, Papua New Guinea. PhD thesis, James Cook University.
          Valerie Bradley-Holliday, PhD – Writing as a Working Mom        
On September 16th, 2010 Tyler R. Tichelaar and Victor R. Volkman spoke with author, social worker, and busy mom Valerie Bradley-Holliday, PhD. Valerie’s doctorate degree is from The Union Institute and University, a distance-learning program based in Cincinnati, Ohio. Her … Continue reading
          Fall 2010 Lineup announced!        
date Guest Topic Podcast Sep 2 Drew Gerber Catapult Your book With Media Coverage TBA Sep 16 Valerie Bradley-Holiday, PhD Writing as a Working Mom TBA Oct 7 Tom Wanek Currencies that Buy Credibility for Your Book TBA Oct 21 … Continue reading
           Solving ill-posed inverse problems using iterative deep neural networks / Jobs: 2 Postdocs @ KTH, Sweden - implementation -        
Ozan just sent me the following e-mail. It has the right mix of elements of The Great Convergence by applying learning to learn methods to inverse problems that are some of the problems we thought compressive sensing could solve well (CT tomography), papers suporting those results, an implementation, a blog entry and two postdoc jobs. Awesome !
Dear Igor,


I have for some time followed your excellent blog Nuit Blanche. I'm not familiar with how you select entries for Nuit Blanche, but let me take the opportunity to provide potential input for related to Nuit Blanche on the exciting research we pursue at the Department of Mathematics, KTH Royal Institute of Technology. If you find any of this interesting, please feel free to post it on Nuit Blanche.


1. Deep learning and tomographic image reconstruction
The main objective for the research is to develop theory and algorithms for 3D tomographic reconstruction. An important recent development has been to use techniques from deep learning to solve inverse problems. We have developed a rather generic, yet adaptable, framework that combines elements of variational regularization with machine learning for solving large scale inverse problems. More precisely, the idea is to learn a reconstruction scheme by making use of the forward operator, noise model and other a priori information. This goes beyond learning a denoiser where one first performs an initial (non machine-learning) reconstruction and then uses machine learning on the resulting image-to-image (denoising) problem. Several groups have done learning a denoiser and the results are in fact quite remarkable, outperforming previous state of the art methods. Our approach however combines reconstruction and denoising steps which further improves the results. The following two arXiv-reports http://arxiv.org/abs/1707.06474 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1704.04058 provide more details, there is also a blog-post at http://adler-j.github.io/2017/07/21/Learning-to-reconstruct.html by one of our PhD students that explains this idea of "learning to reconstruct".


2. Post doctoral fellowships
I'm looking for two 2-year post-doctoral fellowships, one dealing with regularization of spatiotemporal and/or multichannel images and the other with methods for combining elements of variational regularization with deep learning for solving inverse problems. The announcements are given below. I would be glad if you could post these also on your blog.


Postdoctoral fellow in PET/SPECT Image Reconstruction (S-2017-1166)
Deadline: December 1, 2017
Brief description:
The position includes research & development of algorithms for PET and SPECT image reconstruction. Work is closely related to on-going research on (a) multi-channel regularization for PET/CT and SPECT/CT imaging, (b) joint reconstruction and image matching for spatio-temporal pulmonary PET/CT and cardiac SPECT/CT imaging, and (c) task-based reconstruction by iterative deep neural networks. An important part is to integrate routines for forward and backprojection from reconstruction packages like STIR and EMrecon for PET and NiftyRec for SPECT with ODL (http://github.com/odlgroup/odl), our Python based framework for reconstruction. Part of the research may include industrial (Elekta and Philips Healthcare) and clinical (Karolinska University Hospital) collaboration.
Announcement & instructions:
http://www.kth.se/en/om/work-at-kth/lediga-jobb/what:job/jobID:158920/type:job/where:4/apply:1

Postdoctoral fellow in Image Reconstruction/Deep Dictionary Learning (S-2017-1165)
Deadline: December 1, 2017
Brief description:

The position includes research & development of theory and algorithms that combine methods from machine learning with sparse signal processing for joint dictionary design and image reconstruction in tomography. A key element is to design dictionaries that not only yield sparse representation, but also contain discriminative information. Methods will be implemented in ODL (http://github.com/odlgroup/odl), our Python based framework for reconstruction which enables one to utilize the existing integration between ODL and TensorFlow. The research is part of a larger effort that aims to combine elements of variational regularization with machine learning for solving large scale inverse problems, see the arXiv-reports http://arxiv.org/abs/1707.06474 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1704.04058 and the blog-post at http://adler-j.github.io/2017/07/21/Learning-to-reconstruct.html for further details. Part of the research may include industrial (Elekta and Philips Healthcare) and clinical (Karolinska University Hospital) collaboration.Announcement & instructions:
http://www.kth.se/en/om/work-at-kth/lediga-jobb/what:job/jobID:158923/type:job/where:4/apply:1




Best regards,
Ozan


--

Assoc. Prof. Ozan Öktem
Director, KTH Life Science Technology Platform
Web: http://ww.kth.se/lifescience


Department of Matematics
KTH Royal Institute of Technology
SE-100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
E-mail: ozan@kth.se




Learned Primal-dual Reconstruction by Jonas Adler, Ozan Öktem

We propose a Learned Primal-Dual algorithm for tomographic reconstruction. The algorithm includes the (possibly non-linear) forward operator in a deep neural network inspired by unrolled proximal primal-dual optimization methods, but where the proximal operators have been replaced with convolutional neural networks. The algorithm is trained end-to-end, working directly from raw measured data and does not depend on any initial reconstruction such as FBP.
We evaluate the algorithm on low dose CT reconstruction using both analytic and human phantoms against classical reconstruction given by FBP and TV regularized reconstruction as well as deep learning based post-processing of a FBP reconstruction.
For the analytic data we demonstrate PSNR improvements of >10 dB when compared to both TV reconstruction and learned post-processing. For the human phantom we demonstrate a 6.6 dB improvement compared to TV and a 2.2 dB improvement as compared to learned post-processing. The proposed algorithm also improves upon the compared algorithms with respect to the SSIM and the evaluation time is approximately 600 ms for a 512 x 512 pixel dataset.  

Solving ill-posed inverse problems using iterative deep neural networks by Jonas Adler, Ozan Öktem
We propose a partially learned approach for the solution of ill posed inverse problems with not necessarily linear forward operators. The method builds on ideas from classical regularization theory and recent advances in deep learning to perform learning while making use of prior information about the inverse problem encoded in the forward operator, noise model and a regularizing functional. The method results in a gradient-like iterative scheme, where the "gradient" component is learned using a convolutional network that includes the gradients of the data discrepancy and regularizer as input in each iteration. We present results of such a partially learned gradient scheme on a non-linear tomographic inversion problem with simulated data from both the Sheep-Logan phantom as well as a head CT. The outcome is compared against FBP and TV reconstruction and the proposed method provides a 5.4 dB PSNR improvement over the TV reconstruction while being significantly faster, giving reconstructions of 512 x 512 volumes in about 0.4 seconds using a single GPU.
An implementation is here: https://github.com/adler-j/learned_gradient_tomography
 
 
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          Doctor Sagi Arnoff        
Doctor Sagi Arnoff
Doctor Sagi Arnoff is one of the world's largest specialists in the field of neurosurgery, which owns all the modern technology in his speciality. Besides, he conducts a scientific activity, publishes numerous scientific articles and participates in international symposia in the area of neurosurgery.

Specialty

  • Neurosurgeon of the Highest Qualification Category.
  • Correction of facial bones and the skull, endoscopic skull base and pituitary surgeries.
  • Treatment of aneurysms, vascular defects, cavernous malformations, intracranial haemorrhage.
  • Treatment of benign tumors.
  • Trigeminal neuralgia surgery (Fothergill's disease).
  • Brain vessels surgeries.

Clinical Experience

  • 2007 - till present time: Neurosurgeon and Deputy Head of the Neurosurgery Department.
  • 2005 - 2007: MD-PhD student at the Department of Cerebrovascular Diseases Diagnosis and Treatment at the University of Virginia School of Medicine.
  • 1998-2004: neurosurgeon and an Emergency Room Physician, then a senior neurosurgeon.

Education

  • Graduated from Tel-Aviv University Sackler Faculty of Medicine.
  • Specialization in the largest Israeli clinic "Sheba Medical Center".
  • Training in the clinic at the University of Pittsburgh (USA).
  • Training in Barcelona clinic - specialization in endoscopic neurosurgery.
  • Training in Virginia University (USA) during two years, where he specialised in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases associated with the brain vessels.

Academic work experience

  • 2007 - present: Visiting Professor at the University of Virginia Medical Faculty, USA.
  • Dr. Sagi Arnoff is the author and co-author of a large number of scientific papers and articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals of neurosurgery.

Memberships in professional organizations

  • Member of the European Research Network on Intracerebral Haemorrhage (EURONICH).
  • The honorary member of Focused Ultrasound (FUS) Foundation, which develops treatments using image-guided focused ultrasound.
  • Member of Israel Neurosurgical Society.

          Books for Haiti        
LWB McGill is looking for books to donate to a high school in Haiti. A professor from the Education Department at McGill is working with the faculty at this school, it came to our attention that they have no library to support their students! This professor is going to Haiti in December with two phd […]
          Episode 62 – Vikram Sarabhai        

Vikram Sarabhai  is unanimously accepted across India as the “father” of its space program. Not really known well outside India, he died suddenly and prematurely at age of 52 in 1971. He had studied cosmic ray physics and gained his PHD from Cambridge in 1947 the same year India became an independent nation.  He spent […]

The post Episode 62 – Vikram Sarabhai appeared first on AstrotalkUK » Podcast Feed.


          Badass Ladies You Should Know: Jovanna Anzaldua        
In 2015, I profiled museum curator Jaclyn Roessel, whose "shine love" approach to life continues to inspire me every day. Today, I'm so pleased to feature her dear friend Jovanna Anzaldua, who not only co-hosts the schmooze-lady connected project supporting remarkable women in Arizona, but also works as an advocate for women's reproductive health and justice as she earns a PhD -- on top of her Masters in Public Administration and a position at the Arizona State University Art Museum. Her work and drive are an inspiration as we kick off 2017.

*


Kate: Describe your career(s) and/or current projects. What path(s) and passions led you there?

Jovanna: I am a PhD student, women’s reproductive health/justice advocate, and a consultant. I am also a proud board member for the Arizona Family Health Partnership and am a co-host of schmooze- lady connected. As a student in Biology and Society I focus on reproductive health mostly as it relates to policy, ethics and law. One of the projects that I am most excited to work on as a student is Reproductive Health Arizona (RHAZ). I have had an interest in reproductive health since I was in my late teens when I ran into some reproductive health issues of my own. I have a natural curiousness which led me to explore the topic probably more in depth than I needed to and since I am also naturally drawn to sharing what I know, I began sharing what I learned with my close friends and family. The shock on their face when I would share what I was learning about our bodies and the policies that policed them was validation for me that this is what I had to do- and that is still one of my primary drivers.


black and white photo of Jovanna eating
Kate: Do you have any (other) creative outlets? How do they influence/affect your main work (if at all)?

Jovanna: Cooking! It functions both as a way for me to zone out/relax and to connect with those that I love. The two women who have influenced me most, my mom and my nana, taught me how to cook. I carry many special memories and traditions that involve cooking. I’ve always known it was an act of love to make sure that someone is nourished and that their taste buds are poppin.


Kate: What's your biggest challenge?

Jovanna: My biggest challenge right now is imposter syndrome, that anxiety-inducing voice in the back of my head that tells me that I’m not a badass and that I’m a fraud who hasn’t accomplished all the things that I know I have. Clearly this is bullshit, I’ve done a lot of things that I’m proud of. I find that it helps to be open about these feelings and to talk to others who also feel the same. I’m both amazed and reassured when accomplished, seemingly fearless women in my life admit to feeling this way.


Jovanna at the White House's United State of Women summit
Kate: Tell us about a time that you bounced back from failure.

Jovanna: Most recently, I received some tough feedback from my professors that hit me like a ton of bricks. Of course, it was somewhat expected as academia is known for being tough as one of its purposes is to produce high level thinkers and experts but the feedback really had me feeling like I was a failure one semester in. Through consulting with my professors, talking with former/current PhD students, reading related blogs, and leaning on my amazing support system I crawled out of the imposter syndrome haze. This is a new experience for me- I’m in the program because I have plenty of room to grow and must accept that part of that growth is going to be harsh. With newly gained perspective, I’m ready to go into semester two eager to grown, with slightly thicker skin. I invite anyone who finds themselves in similar situations to reach out to me - the strength I gained from those around me was invaluable and I’m so glad that I remained open about it instead of retreating.


Kate: What's the best compliment you've ever gotten?

Jovanna: One of the best compliments I have received was being told that I do a good job of balancing my straight forward message with a soft delivery. I value facts and feelings which can sometimes be viewed as juxtaposition. I strive to be balanced so I appreciated that someone saw that.


tools from Reproductive Health Arizona
Kate: Did you have any defining moments that galvanized your understanding of and/or commitment to feminism? How does it inform/inspire your work?

Jovanna:  I attribute my initial formalized understanding of my values as “feminist” to the riot grrl movement, a natural continuation of my love of punk rock as a teenager. I was in a riot grrl band and had a zine when I was 15; activism and the strive for equality (whether gender, racial, economic) have always been a natural part of who I am since about then. However, throughout my entire life I have been lucky to be influenced by a family full of strong women as well as a father who taught me that I could do anything I wanted and really reinforced feminist values without calling it that. My priorities as a feminist have morphed throughout the years along with my understanding of intersectionality and the many systems within which we exist.


Kate: What are the best ways to support other women?

Jovanna: Give them the credit and recognition that they deserve, whether it’s bolstering their unnoticed input in a meeting or submitting their name for an award. Listen to their dreams and ambitions then connect them with opportunities that can help them reach their goals when they arise.


Kate: What is your advice to aspiring badasses?

Jovanna: Be fluid and change paths as necessary. If something excites you, explore it and don’t be afraid to change your mind if what you thought was for you ends up not being for you. Share your interests with others. You never know how opportunity will present itself – sometimes it won’t be exactly what you want but be creative in how you move forward. There is beauty in how things unfold when you’re open to a variety of possibilities.

*

badass ladies you should know logo
A true city girl, Jovanna Anzaldua enjoys living in downtown Phoenix with her partner and step daughter. They rescued Luna, a pit bull mix, from a shelter in 2013 which naturally turned her into an avid “dog person.” Luna can do no wrong, it doesn’t matter how many remote controls she chews. As the older sister to four brother’s Jovanna takes the role of big sister very seriously and loves spending time with her huge family. She makes time to travel often- exploring local bookstores, coffee shops and cuisine. Food & drink brings her an absurd amount of pleasure; invitations to schmooze over vodka or coffee will rarely be turned down. Cooking is her ultimate stress reliever and expression of love.

Jovanna’s passion lies in women’s issues, particularly women’s health. This includes everything from reproductive health to women’s cancers within the context of policy, education and the clinical setting. Jovanna currently works, volunteers and sits on the board of various women focused organizations both locally and nationally.

schmooze: lady connected  //  ASU profile


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          La verdad en la razón práctica        
ORTEGA VENZOR, Alberto Manuel (1998) La verdad en la razón práctica. PhD thesis, UNA.
          Zuzenbideko euskal hizkera berezia: lege-testu itzuli bateko terminologiaren azterketa linguistikoa eta terminologikoa        
ELOSEGI ALDASORO, Antton (2002) Zuzenbideko euskal hizkera berezia: lege-testu itzuli bateko terminologiaren azterketa linguistikoa eta terminologikoa. PhD thesis, UPV/EHU.
          Akanna Okeke: Thinking About Getting a PhD? Here Are Some Things to Help You Decide if You Need That Degree        

Of what use is a PhD degree if you are not in a really professional field where you need it to practice?  To me, it can be a waste of so many years of a life that could be more richly lived. I recently had two separate conversations with two guys who got their PhD […]

The post Akanna Okeke: Thinking About Getting a PhD? Here Are Some Things to Help You Decide if You Need That Degree appeared first on BellaNaija.


          ...and I want to be a mechanical engineer        
Steve Wheeler's 'I want to be an astronaut' post today describes his encounter with an overstretched, unsympathetic school guidance/careers counsellor. Inevitably, that put me in mind of my own experience. My title is a continuation of his.

Steve and I are roughly of an age, and, although we were educated in two very different countries, it seems our school careers advisers were cut from much the same cloth. Perhaps it was more to do with the way they were equipped for the job than with the sort of people they were, but I'm not entirely sure.

First came the IQ test woes. Ordinarily, we'd be tested once in primary school and once in secondary school and that would be it. Like everyone else, I was tested in primary school, and presumably the results showed nothing alarming or surprising.

When it came time for the high school test, however, it seemed my first assessment was so far at odds with the primary school test, that I was called for a retest the following year. I guess the results of that test were equally surprising, because I was tested yet again the year thereafter.

Oddly enough, the results of these tests were never revealed to us. Apparently, our IQ was none of our business. But, during one of my many run-ins with the head teacher, mine was made known to me. She declared that I was more intelligent than either of my two closest friends, and both of them were A students, while I was a solid C. Of course, the fact that I played just about every sport going, participated in every school play, was a member of several clubs and societies, while they did/were not, was clearly beside the point.

What a dismal underachiever I was.

Then came the dreaded aptitude tests. On a scale of 1-9 I scored a solid 7 across the board. During my 1:1 with the school guidance counsellor, I discovered that I could do whatever I wanted and - as long as I applied myself - I'd be good at it. This didn't help me, because I didn't know what career options even existed out there. How could I want to do something if I didn't know about it?

I thought about what I enjoyed doing and what I was good at, and decided I wanted to be a mechanical engineer. I wanted to design machinery that did stuff. Maybe cars, maybe production line equipment. The mechanics part of the physics syllabus was far and away my favourite bit, so I thought I might enjoy a career in which I got to do that all day.

Not so fast, kiddo!

My Mom couldn't afford university fees on her own, so I was going to need a student loan. Only it turned out banks in the late 70s were no way no how going to give a study loan to a girl who wanted to study such a manly subject as mechanical engineering. I'd never make it. The attrition rate was too high. Yadda yadda yadda. To give them their due, newspaper advertisements for mechanical engineering posts in South Africa at the time called for someone who was 'white, male, 25-35, with experience'. Through no achievement of my own, I was indeed white, but I was not and was never going to be male. At some point, I would presumably be 25-35, but how was I going to acquire experience if I was unemployable up to that age? No-one seemed to have the answers.

And thus began a round of the most interminable testing and visiting to student counsellors at universities and and and.

One such visit is indelibly imprinted on my memory. By now, I had figured out how to manipulate the tests to get the results I wanted. The student counsellor at the University of Port Elizabeth was perplexed by them: how could I test so high for teaching and so low for working with children? It simply didn't make sense!

This from a university staff member, mind you. A place where a fair amount of teaching took place day to day, and none of it to children. He failed to put two and two together, and instead advised me to get a PhD in psychology and take over from him when he retired. How I was supposed to reach the PhD level, he never quite explained. Perhaps he assumed it was obvious. It wasn't.

What he also failed to consider was workplace learning. I had never heard of it. I thought people went to school, then to university, then to work. I had no idea that the learning journey continued thereafter. In fact, loathing school as I did, I'd have been horrified to discover that companies had training rooms and people went to 'school' in them (which is how it was done back then).

So, of course, I did the obvious thing. If I couldn't do mechanical engineering, I'd go to drama school and be discovered by Hollywood.

How I did actually wind up in a job which involved teaching-but-not-to-children is perhaps a story for another day. I'm truly glad I stumbled across the field of workplace learning, but it was certainly no thanks to any of the hordes of guidance counsellors I saw during my high school years.

I sincerely hope that today's schoolkids are better served by theirs!

          Author Spotlight: Max Harris        
Max Harris was born in England, received his PhD from the University of Virginia, and now lives in Wisconsin. He is the author of five nonfiction books, including Carnival and Other Christian Festivals (University of Texas Press, 2003) and Sacred … Continue reading
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