Update (February 11, 2017) - '..ethical standards..' ('.. Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post..') (no replies)        
Update February 11, 2017: 'In an interview on Monday with E&E News, Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post, and from the way his criticisms were portrayed in the Mail on Sunday article.

“The issue here is not an issue of tampering with data,” he said, “but rather really of timing of a release of a paper that had not properly disclosed everything it was.”

Climate Home, a nonprofit site based in London that offers news and analysis, also weighed in on one of the central contentions of Mr. Rose’s article, that the publication of the NOAA paper had "duped” policy makers into adopting the Paris accord. The site contacted representatives to the talks from 10 countries; none said that the paper had any influence.'

- Henry Fountain, No Data Manipulation in 2015 Climate Study, Researchers Say, February 7, 2016

Update February 09, 2017: 'Dr Bates’ main complaint is that Dr Karl and his co-authors did not follow strict procedures required for NOAA’s ‘operational’ data. It is not yet clear whether Dr Karl should have subjected his research data to the same procedures. Dr Karl, who retired from NOAA in August 2016, has not yet had the opportunity to respond fully to Dr Bates’ allegations.'

- LSE: More fake news in ‘The Mail on Sunday’, February 5, 2017 (Wikipedia Bans Daily Mail As 'Unreliable' Source, February 08, 2017))

'..a failure to observe proper ethical standards..'

'Dr John Bates’s disclosures about the manipulation of data behind the ‘Pausebuster’ paper is the biggest scientific scandal since ‘Climategate’ in 2009 when, as this paper reported, thousands of leaked emails revealed scientists were trying to block access to data, and using a ‘trick’ to conceal embarrassing flaws in their claims about global warming.

Both scandals suggest a lack of transparency and, according to Dr Bates, a failure to observe proper ethical standards.

Because of NOAA ’s failure to ‘archive’ data used in the paper, its results can never be verified.

Like Climategate, this scandal is likely to reverberate around the world, and reignite some of science’s most hotly contested debates.'

- Exposed: How world leaders were duped into investing billions over manipulated global warming data, February 4, 2017

'Whatever takes its place, said Dr Bates, ‘there needs to be a fundamental change to the way NOAA deals with data so that people can check and validate scientific results. I’m hoping that this will be a wake-up call to the climate science community – a signal that we have to put in place processes to make sure this kind of crap doesn’t happen again.


Dr Bates said: ‘How ironic it is that there is now this idea that Trump is going to trash climate data, when key decisions were earlier taken by someone whose responsibility it was to maintain its integrity – and failed.’ '

'Dr Bates retired from NOAA at the end of last year after a 40-year career in meteorology and climate science. As recently as 2014, the Obama administration awarded him a special gold medal for his work in setting new, supposedly binding standards ‘to produce and preserve climate data records’.


Less than two years earlier, a blockbuster report from the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which drew on the work of hundreds of scientists around the world, had found ‘a much smaller increasing trend over the past 15 years 1998-2012 than over the past 30 to 60 years’. Explaining the pause became a key issue for climate science. It was seized on by global warming sceptics, because the level of CO2 in the atmosphere had continued to rise.


In the weeks after the Pausebuster paper was published, Dr Bates conducted a one-man investigation into this. His findings were extraordinary. Not only had Mr Karl and his colleagues failed to follow any of the formal procedures required to approve and archive their data, they had used a ‘highly experimental early run’ of a programme that tried to combine two previously separate sets of records.


Dr Bates revealed that the failure to archive and make available fully documented data not only violated NOAA rules, but also those set down by Science. Before he retired last year, he continued to raise the issue internally. Then came the final bombshell. Dr Bates said: ‘I learned that the computer used to process the software had suffered a complete failure.’

The reason for the failure is unknown, but it means the Pausebuster paper can never be replicated or verified by other scientists.


Whatever takes its place, said Dr Bates, ‘there needs to be a fundamental change to the way NOAA deals with data so that people can check and validate scientific results. I’m hoping that this will be a wake-up call to the climate science community – a signal that we have to put in place processes to make sure this kind of crap doesn’t happen again.

Dr Bates said: ‘How ironic it is that there is now this idea that Trump is going to trash climate data, when key decisions were earlier taken by someone whose responsibility it was to maintain its integrity – and failed.’

NOAA not only failed, but it effectively mounted a cover-up when challenged over its data. After the paper was published, the US House of Representatives Science Committee launched an inquiry into its Pausebuster claims. NOAA refused to comply with subpoenas demanding internal emails from the committee chairman, the Texas Republican Lamar Smith, and falsely claimed that no one had raised concerns about the paper internally.'

- Exposed: How world leaders were duped into investing billions over manipulated global warming data, February 4, 2017

Context '..conduct more meetings on ethics .. Respectful discussion of different points of view should be encouraged.' - John Bates

Climategate: Follow the Money - By Bret Stephens

Those Who Control the Past Control the Future, Climate Data Edition, February 5, 2017

'..Earth is warming more rapidly than previously thought was correct..'

'Trees are the best known ‘technology’ to cool our planet'

Focus Fusion - '..So, production reactors by 2020 or so.'

(Earth Defence - Earth Shield) - Faraday - Tesla - 'The Accelerating Winds of Venus.' (Electric Universe - Solar Climate Change)

(The Electric Universe - Earth Defence - Earth Shield) - Electric Fossils and Thundercrabs

(The Electric Universe) - '..weather systems .. an electric “wind” surrounds and often precedes an electric arc.'

(Thymology - Haptopraxeology) - '..entrepreneurship .. actions he will carry out and estimates the future effect of those actions..'

'...The peer review process is broken...' - '...don't have the "situational awareness"...'

On the Mail on Sunday article on Karl et al., 2015, February 5, 2017

          '..Earth is warming more rapidly than previously thought was correct..' (no replies)        
Update February 11, 2017: '..ethical standards..' ('.. Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post..')

'A new study has shown that a 2015 NOAA paper finding that the Earth is warming more rapidly than previously thought was correct.


This paper is another reminder why it is so important to invest in the temperature measurements that are needed to create long-term climate records. We really need uninterrupted measurements that span many years/decades if we want to truly understand the Earth’s changing climate.

..Now let’s move on to solving the problem.'

- New study confirms NOAA finding of faster global warming, January 4, 2017


Focus Fusion - '..So, production reactors by 2020 or so.'

(The Electric Universe) - '..weather systems .. an electric “wind” surrounds and often precedes an electric arc.'

(Global Infrastructure Upgrade) - Mexico's former president: Global infrastructure needs an upgrade

          Besplatna haljina        

Odi na jedan od ovih proxy-a:
webproxy.to/ ili uk-proxy.co.uk ili dontfilter.us/ ili bypassthe.net/
Zalijepi ovu adresu:
Ulogiraj se na Stardoll i to je to :) 

          (بدون عنوان)        

          Tag! You're It        

Biologists catch and tag big sawfish in Florida waters

Food for Thought

Once a common top predator throughout coastal seas around the globe, sawfish have become remarkably rare. Indeed, today most populations are threatened with extinction. So spotting even one of these animals is reason to rejoice, notes Beau Yeiser of Mote Marine Laboratory in southern Florida. And this week, "we are nothing but giddy," he reports.

He and colleague Tonya Wiley just returned from a 2-day sawfish-scouting expedition during which they tagged a 7-foot male on Oct. 16. At that size, the strapping youth may be 5 to 7 years old, Yeiser says. He cautions, however, that estimating age is challenging "as we try and piece together the life history of this species. We don't even know its size at maturity yet."

These animals—essentially flattened sharks with wings—are members of the ray family. Only one species of this fish remains in U.S. waters, mostly off of Florida. Over the first half of the 20th century, this smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) was fished to the brink of extinction—largely by accident.

Although many cultures eat sawfish—the animals' fins are especially prized in Asia as the featured ingredient in a pricey soup—most of the animals in U.S. waters were landed and destroyed as bycatch, that is, nuisance species hauled in by commercial fishing fleets. The dire status of sawfish globally won these animals protection, last month, under a treaty banning international trade in endangered species (see Hammered Saws).

So far this year, Yeiser and Wiley have caught just 14 sawfish, most of them less than 4 feet long. Those would still be little kids, considering that these fish are almost a yard long at birth. Then again, the pair had expected only small ones because they've mainly been cruising coastal shallows this year in hopes of running into newborns and youngsters.

The scientists attach a numbered identification tag to the dorsal fin of every sawfish they catch—and then release the animal.

But last week's catch was so big that it qualified for a second identifier: a pop-up archival tag, or PAT. These recording devices are so heavy that they're reserved for large sawfish—at least 7-footers. To date, only some dozen of these animals have received PATs. Costing at least $4,000 each, these data-storage systems collect information every minute, for months, on the depth at which its host is swimming, the water temperature, and light levels. The latter information gets plugged into a computer program that roughly gauges the animal's geographic coordinates at any moment.

Researchers program a PAT to pop off the fish on a particular date. Once it floats to the surface, it sends its stored information in spurts, twice a day, to a satellite. That orbiting relay station then shoots those data back to Earth and the scientists' email addresses.

Last week's sawfish encounter took place in a southern Florida national wildlife refuge, in very shallow water. Investigated as a possible nursery, Yeiser says "I was expecting any sawfish that I might catch to be perhaps 4 to 5 feet in length." Instead, he found a much older juvenile. "But that's the beauty of this [sawfish] project; you never know what you are going to get when you're scouting a species that has not been studied much!"

Yeiser named the youth that he tagged last week Raloff. Hmmm—I like the sound of that. Its tag is programmed to pop off on March 15. Stay tuned for an update on my namesake's travels.

If all goes well, that is.

A 7- and an 11-foot sawfish each received PATs in May. Although the satellite tags had been programmed to pop off 3 months later, they actually surfaced within just a couple weeks, Yeiser says—and were never recovered.

So, each time biologists deploy the pricey devices, he says, "we just cross our fingers that they won't pop up early—or get lost in the middle of the Gulf."

Don't try this yourself

The sawfish is an endangered species, so federal law forbids its capture—except by researchers who have been granted a waiver. And even they need to release an animal after measuring and tagging it.

It's against the law to even harass the animals. Still, anglers may inadvertently snag one of the toothy marvels. When that happens, this species "should be released by keeping the fish in the water and cutting the line as close to the hook as possible," according to guidelines issued late last year by the National Marine Fisheries Service in St. Petersburg, Fla. "If it can be done safely, untangle the line if it is wrapped around the saw. Do not handle the animal or attempt to remove any hooks on the saw, except for with a long-handled dehooker," NOAA says.

Biologists request that any anglers who sight a sawfish report their encounter to the Mote lab. Its scientists are maintaining a database to help them identify important habitat for these endangered animals.

As interesting as these piscine oddities are, biologists would prefer that the public give the fish a wide berth. The primary reason: Approaching the animals can stress them, chase them from what should be waters safe from predators, or even interfere with their reproduction.

But there's another reason to steer clear, according to Captain Harvey Lee Hamilton, who charters a fishing boat out of Pineland, Fla. "I've caught plenty of sawfish in my life, and I'll tell you: They're dangerous. I'm still scared to death of them." Their saws—which he terms blades—are edged with dozens of razor-sharp "teeth." The muscular animals slash those saws from side to side to kill prey or defend themselves.

Says Hamilton: "Those fish get big, with blades that can go to at least 5 foot." And they slash those blades "so fast," he says, "that they could slice your feet off." Indeed, he told Science News Online: "I'd rather fight a shark than a sawfish."

If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.


Beau Yeiser and Tonya R. Wiley

Center for Shark Research

Mote Marine Laboratory

1600 Ken Thompson Parkway

Sarasota, FL 34236

Smalltooth Sawfish Coordinator

National Marine Fisheries Service

Southeast Regional Office, Protected Resources Division

263 13th Avenue South

St. Petersburg, FL 33071
Further Reading

2006. Mote scientists to help eBay identify species in new sawfish ban. Mote Marine Laboratory news release. Jan. 25. Available at [Go to].

Mote Marine Laboratory. How you can help save the U.S. smalltooth sawfish. Available at [Go to].

Raloff. J. 2007. Hammered saws. Science News 172(Aug. 11):90-92. Available at [Go to].

______. 2002. Clipping the fin trade. Science News 162(Oct. 12):232-234. Available at [Go to].

Sawfish in Peril: Sawfish Education Program. Available at [Go to].

          Employment: Hawaii!!        
We would like to announce a new job position opening as a Research Ecologist in the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center PIFSC), located in Honolulu, Hawaii.

The person in this position will conduct research in support of the PIFSC Cetacean and Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Programs. Research activities will include characterizing species' distribution and terrestrial/marine habitat use and predictive modeling for population assessment and recovery efforts.

Duties include: analyzes marine mammal spatial information; submits manuscripts for publication and works with other scientists to produce reports and scientific publications on the population assessment of Hawaiian monk seals and cetaceans; conducts and writes analysis to support permit applications for marine mammal conservation efforts; designs and develops studies on aspects of spatial distribution and other elements of Hawaiian monk seal ecology; conducts field studies as needed; works with other scientists and stakeholders to produce reports and presentations to inform the general public on the spatial ecology of Hawaiian monk seals and Pacific cetaceans.

This is a Permanent full time federal position. You must be a US Citizen to be accepted for this job.

For more details on job duties, application process and more please go to usajobs.gov and search for job number NMFS-PIC-2010-0012.

If you have any questions regarding the application process please contact the individual listed on the job announcement at the USAJobs website.

Applications close on April 2, 2010.

Charles Littnan
Lead Scientist, Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Program
NOAA Fisheries Service

          Marine Biologist - Clean Ocean Initiative, Inc. - Mayagüez, PR        
Assist lead marine biologist or NOAA-NMFS staff with implementation of new procedures, policies or programs....
From Indeed - Fri, 04 Aug 2017 15:09:12 GMT - View all Mayagüez, PR jobs
          You got your Syfy in my science        
An Animal Planet documentary, which the station insists was intended to be taken as science fiction, has forced the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to publicly deny the existence of mermaids. If you need me, I'll be out back, drinking whiskey and taking aim at the television.
          Lehua Island rodenticide info        
SUBHEAD: Site available with links to articles, research and  testimony letters about the aerial drop.

By Kawai Warren on 5 August 2017 in Island Breath -

Image above: There is no question that the introduction of rats, by humans, to Hawaii has been a disasters, especially for places like Lehua with ground nesting birds. Poisoning mammals may not directly kill birds but it may kill mammals like monk seals and whales near the shores where poison reaches the water.  From (http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/publications/newsletters/kararehe-kino/kararehe-kino-issue-19/which-toxin-is-best-for-eradicating-rodents).

A new website is now live for anyone wanting quick links to articles, research and public testimony letters about the Lehua aerial drop. The link is (https://www.lehua-island-hawaii-conservation.org/).

It is a resource for concerned residents, fishermen, journalists and scientists who need reliable information about the project.

The site states in part:

LEHUA ISLAND, 18 miles from Kaua'i in western Hawaii, is a rare and pristine State Wildlife Sanctuary. It harbors Federally-listed endangered and threatened species such as monk seals, green sea turtles, and three species of endangered birds.

Endangered loggerhead turtles have been sighted, and a rare species of reef coral (Cosinaraea wellsi) has been reported at a depth of 120 ft. Whales, dolphins, manta rays and eagle rays frequent the area. A native Hawaiian subsistence community of Ni'ihauans, 3/4 mile from Lehua, catches fish and ama crab in Lehua's waters to feed their families.

Starting August 8, 2017, the state Department of Land and Natural Resources and US Fish and Wildlife intend to drop approximately 11.5 tons of diphacinone rodenticide on Lehua Island.

The diphacinone rodenticide will enter the coastal waters below the high tide line, resulting in an unknown level of collateral damage to non-target species within this precious marine and cultural ecosystem.

In their agency comment letters, NOAA, the EPA, Hawaii Department of Health, and many scientists have expressed concern about the lack of baseline, Lehua-specific data to justify the poison drop, as well as lack of a rigorous monitoring commitment and enforcement mechanisms for the proposed biosecurity acitivities.

The EPA urged DLNR to conduct effective consultation with the local Hawaiian and marine community. Yet, two native Hawaiian organizations and a representative of OHA submitted comment letters and an Opposition Statement describing environmental justice issues and lack of inclusion in decisionmaking.

A public meeting called by DLNR to announce the Final Environmental Assessment for the aerial drop was met with intense community outrage.

In 2009 DLNR had conducted a very similar aerial drop of diphacinone on Lehua that failed in its rodent eradication goal. Mortalities that followed included two whales and a large-scale fish die off that agencies claimed were not related to the aerial rodenticide drop.

Nevertheless, following the 2009 diphacinone aerial drop, the head of Hawaii Department of Agriculture's Pesticide Branch, prior to his retirement, directed staff "not to issue aerial application permits that might result in pellets entering into marine ecosystems until the EPA develops study protocols for such ecosystems."

This Archive provides quick access links to official source documents, research reports and other official information for those wanting to learn more about the concerns raised in the Lehua aerial rodenticide operation.

The Archive was assembled through the input of scientists, legal researchers, policy watchdogs and others concerned about the lack of public awareness about this project, questionable statements made by agency staff, and significant omissions within the Environmental Assessment documents approved by the project's state and federal agencies.

See also:
Ea O Ka Aina: Impact of Lehua rat poisoning 6/8/17
Ea O Ka Aina: Navy operation coincides with fishkill 3/18/09

          Momarlanii - urmasii dacilor din Valea Jiului        

Trecând prin Petroşani, oraş minier cu veleităţi turistice, nimic nu sugerează că în această zonă incă îşi duce veacul una dintre cele mai vechi comunităţi rurale din România. Din cauza exploatărilor miniere începute în 1840 şi a dezvoltării urbanistice determinate de acestea, majoritatea momârlanilor au fost nevoiţi fie să se adapteze noului stil de viaţă, fie să îşi retragă gospodăriile spre dealuri. Dintre cei aproximativ 10.000 de momârlani rămaşi in Valea Jiului, puţini sunt cei care mai aduc aminte de asemănarea momârlanilor cu dacii amintiţi de Columna lui Traian.
Dar cine sunt, de fapt, momârlanii? DEX-ul traduce cuvantul momârlan cu “om prost, necioplit, bădăran”. În replică, unele surse fac trimitere chiar la limba latină, “momârlan” fiind compus din cuvintele “momo” (=ţăran) şi “lan” (=băştinaş), termenul fiind alterat în timp. De asemenea, momârlanii mai erau numiţi şi “jieni” datorita râului Jiu (amintit de Herodot şi de Ptolemeu ca Gilfil sau Gilpil) care străbate zona.
Urmele momârlanilor mai sunt păstrate în două muzee din Petroşani, două case autentice, vechi de peste 200 de ani. Aici, uneltele tradiţionale şi obiectele patrimoniale, donate de familii momârlăneşti, sunt expuse spre interesul turiştilor, dar şi al localnicilor, momârlanii fiind un subiect prea puţin abordat chiar şi în zonă.
La muzeul  deschis anul trecut, amplasat în curtea bisericii Sf. Varvara, i-am întalnit pe Petru Ititesc şi Petru Olaru, doi momârlani get-beget, ajunşi la varsta de 85, respectiv 88 de ani. ÎmbracaÅ£i în portul popular, au fost încântaÅ£i de invitaÅ£ie, fiind bucuroşi să evoce identitatea momârlanilor. Hainele păreau a fi luate din muzeu, momârlanii îmbrăcându-se din ce în ce mai rar în straiele specifice lor. Totuşi, de câte ori se iveşte ocazia, un momârlan conştient şi mândru de valoarea identităţii sale le îmbracă fără să stea pe gânduri, de multe ori fiind mai mult decât fericit să le şi descrie: cioareci albi, strâmÅ£i, din lână, cămaşă albă cu linii subÅ£iri colorate, orizontale, brâu lat din piele, opinci din piele, cu vârf ascuÅ£it, sau cizme, în cazul celor mai tineri.
Aflaţi în curtea bisericii, cei doi au respectat tradiţia şi au călcat pragul locaşului sfânt. Deşi cultura momârlănească păstrează manifestări păgâne precreştine, cum ar fi îngropatul morţilor în curtea casei, nedeile sau colindul Piţărăilor din Ajunul Crăciunului, o festivitate care pare să îşi aibă originile în perioada dacică, momârlanii au fost receptivi creştinării, fiind foarte apropiaţi de biserică. Aici, momârlanii au ocazia să îl întâlnească pe preotul Octavian Pătraşcu, cel care de ani buni susţine această comunitate prin aportul adus în cadrul celor trei biserici frecventate de aceştia. În demersul său, preotul nu a reuşit să-i dezveţe pe momârlani de obiceiurile păgâne. Unul dintre cele mai impresionante este spovedirea la brad: momârlanul se închină lângă brad, după ce a îngenuncheat, îl îmbrăţişează şi îşi spune păcatele. Dacă nu găsesc niciun brad în apropiere, momârlanii se spovedesc la orice alt copac, considerându-i sacri. În plus, de fiecare dată când taie un copac, momârlanii se închină, îl sărută şi abia apoi îl taie.
Totuşi, cei doi Petru erau nerăbdători să viziteze muzeul, casa momârlănească care spune şi povestea lor. Casa, cu două încăperi, aduce aminte de arhitectura dacică: fundaÅ£ie din piatră; pereÅ£i din bârne din lemn, dispuse orizontal, cu izolaÅ£ie din pământ galben, bălegar de cal şi paie, pusă peste nuiele; podea din pământ bătut; acoperiş din şindrilă. Muzeul a fost creat la iniÅ£iativa părintelui Octavian Pătraşcu, casa-muzeu fiind adusă de pe dealurile zonei Livezeni direct în curtea bisericii Sf. Varvara. De asemenea, tot aici şi-a făcut apariÅ£ia şi familia Gălăţăn (nume frecvent printre momârlani),  cea care se ocupă de celălalt muzeu al momârlanilor.
Interiorul îl mişcă pe Petru Olaru, fluieraş recunoscut printre momârlani, iar cântece şi strigături vibrează prin fluier şi glas. “Nu mai sună bine!”, spune Petru, aflat în prima încăpere a casei, dând vina pe vârstă şi pe degetele care nu îl mai ascultă. Celălalt Petru, Ititesc, refuză fluierul. N-a mai cântat de mult timp, renunţând la fluier după moartea fiului său.
Dincolo, în cea de-a doua cameră, alţi invitaţi se bucură de vizita la muzeu. Cu origini momârlăneşti, Dana şi doamna Ileana se bucură de obiectele momârlăneşti expuse în muzeu: război de ţesut, fuse, vase din lut, lămpi cu petrol, precum şi o ladă pentru zestre. Pe lângă lada cu zestre, obicei cunoscut în mai multe zone ale ţării, momârlanii respectă şi tradiţia transilvăneană legată de invitaţia la nuntă. Un membru din cele două familii implicate era trimis să străbată satul călare, trebuind să le ofere celor invitaţi “plosca de nuntă”, plină cu ţuică, din care aceştia beau o înghiţitură în cazul în care acceptau invitaţia.
Petru Olaru întrerupe cântecele, îndemnându-ne să ieşim din casă. Părăsind-o, preotul Octavian Pătraşcu nu ezită să direcţioneze vizita spre o altă parte a muzeului: o stână din lemn de brad nemţesc, din perioada regelui Ferdinand, adusă şi ea de pe munte. Stâna se comportă precum un portal spre zeci de ani în urmă, unde cojocul, căldarea şi untarul sunt la ele acasă. Provocat din nou de mediul momârlănesc, fluieraşul Olaru, fără şovăială, porneşte o nouă serie de cântări, dovedind că este încă în formă.
Vizita se încheie cu o masă organizată pentru momârlanii prezenţi, în subsolul bisericii. “Noi nu aveam furculiţe când eram tineri”. Petru Ititesc aprobă spusele prietenului său, amintindu-şi cu mândrie că şi momârlanii au ajutat la construcţia bisericii. Revigorat de vinul produs la biserică, Petru Olaru îşi reia rolul de muzicant; într-un ton mai trist de această dată, interpretând un cântec pentru înmormântare. Umorul momârlănesc nu întârzie să apară: “Pe ăsta îl ştii mai bine!”.
Referitor la moarte, momârlanii au o viziune deosebită asupra acesteia. Având casele situate departe de cimitire, înmormântările aveau loc chiar în curte. Acest obicei îi lega, până nu demult, de casă, refuzând să o vândă din cauza (sau datorită) rudelor îngropate în cimitirul familial, motivând că nu doresc să îşi vândă strămoşii şi părinţii. O altă cutumă este legată de moartea flăcăilor, momârlanii obişnuind să fixeze un brad împodobit lângă mormânt
Entuziasmaţi de reîntâlnirea spiritului momârlănesc, Petru Ititesc şi Petru Olaru acceptă deplasarea până la cel de-al doilea muzeu, situat în satul Slătinioara, parte a Petroşaniului. Muzeul păstrează aceleaşi caracteristici: casă cu două încăperi, plină cu unelte, straie, ornamente şi fotografii vechi de zeci de ani. Petru Olaru recunoaşte imediat câţiva prieteni şi câteva cunoştinţe în instantaneele monocrome: “Îi cunosc, cum să nu?”.
Relaţiile strânse dintre momârlani s-au deteriorat însă în ultimii ani, renunţându-se şi la obiceiul căsătoriilor doar între tineri momârlani. Acum, puţini dintre ei îsi mai cunosc originile, istoria şi tradiţia, puţini le mai respectă, iar comunitatea se macină din interior, dar şi din cauza erei în care trăim. În oraşele Văii Jiului cu greu poate cineva să observe un momârlan, singurele ocazii fiind dimineţile în care momârlancele coboară călare de la munte, mergând să vandă lapte “la blocuri”, unde locuiesc “barabele”, nume atribuit orăşenilor încă din perioada austro-ungară, folosit şi astăzi.
Rămâne de văzut cat vor mai reuşi cei bătrâni să menţină acest stil de trai şi cât de mult vor reuşi să-şi influenţeze urmaşii. În schimb, muzeele şi poveştile rămân, precum şi colibele şi stânele momârlanilor situate “la pădure”, după cum obişnuiesc să spună, care vor mai aminti pentru câţiva ani de faptul că Valea Jiului este una dintre zonele în care au rămas şi şi-au avut continuitatea dacii.

Articol preluat  www.descopera.ro

          Observatia unui etnic maghiar (dupa publicarea articolului cu titlul "Biblioteca Vaticanului confirma: dacii nu au fost romanizati niciodata, dacii erau de fapt stramosii romanilor condusi de Traian...")        
Dupa toate descoperirile arheologice, dupa toate atestarile istorice, da, inca exista destui oameni care nu vor pur si simplu sa accepte adevarul istoric...

Cu riscul de a da prea multa importanta personajului, sau ma rog, colectivului redactional al respectivului blog, va redau mai jos "Observatia" publicata pe http://pcmcluj.blogspot.de cu privire la articolul postat de mine (http://manifestulromanuluiscuipat.blogspot.ro/2014/02/bibliotecile-vaticanului-confirma-dacii.html).

Nu mai spun nimic altceva, va las pe dvs sa va lamuriti si sa va spuneti parerile la sectiunea de comentarii...

Cu toata pretuirea, Pavel Dinu

Citind articolul putem avea impresia că am revenit în era "răposatului" ptr că unii se vor din nou să se afirme numai pe baza unor afirmaÅ£ii... Deşi logica celui care a scris articolul ar fi asemănător unei persoane din mediul rural - presupunem sănătos - însă în mare măsură tinde să facă tot feluri de comparaÅ£ii, care nu prea sunt atestate-susÅ£inute de dovezi, ci numai pe oarecare - sau aşazisă - logică, numai de autor cunoscut. 
Ca un exemplu se poate lua pe cea cu aşazisă "ocupaÅ£ie" austriacă de la 1712-1867 (şi nu pînă la termenele arătate în articol de 218 ani) 
Cel care a scris articolul uită - sau nu ştie - că între 1867-1918 Transilvania era înglobat(-anexat) ca şi o unitate sinestătătoare în noua formaţiune numit Austro-Ungaria. Teritoriul avea un guvernator! Asta a fost acceptată şi de regi al României şi dacă se cercetează documentele de după 1920 se poate observa că şi Transilvania era condus de un "regent" (prinţul de atunci şi rege pe urmă în persoana excelenţei sale regele Mihai...) cu sediul tocmai la Cluj!!!
Revenind la "formatiune sinestătoare" trebuie să se ştie că până şi Monitorul Oficial al Austro-Ungariei era tipărit în 3(adică trei) limbi: germana, maghiară şi română - în acelaşi format şi impreună!!!. Chiar mai mult cea în limba română era tipărit cu litere specifice al acelei timpuri - adică nu cu litere romane. Deci nu era obligatoriu să ştie limba germană, deci influenÅ£a acestuia era destul de slabă şi mai de grabă romÅ£nii învăţau limba maghiară caa să se poate înÅ£elege cu vecini...   
Autorul articolului nu ştie că mulÅ£i învăţaÅ£i de origine română au avut posibilitatea să înveÅ£e în limba natală şi asta datorită insistenÅ£ei greco-catolicilor, care încă de la formare lor au folosit toate posibilităţile de a avea şcoli şi în sate locuite de români - mult înaintea anexării Transilvaniei (din 1712) la Imperiul Austriac. Lucrul acesta era bine ştiut şi acceptat pentru că preoÅ£ii greco-catolici puteau să se căsătorească şi ca doamnele preotese puteau deveni învăţătoare ptr copiii enoriaşilor. Simplu şi eficient. 
Dacă aş fi fost în locul celui care scris articolul m-aş fi ferit de problema cu ADN ptr că se ştie că în Bazinul Carpatic s-a găsit cea mai veche rădăcina al structurii nucleonice(unii au şi dat numele de EU-19, de la prima adică 1 şi ultima cifra 9). Acest fapt a dus la o concluzie foarte interesanta si anume că aceste teritorii erau locuite de cele mai vechi şi renumite culturi care pot ajunge la o vârstă de cca 30 - 40.000 ani (cam de pe vremea apariÅ£iei homo-sapiens-ului) Datarea cu carbon 14 atesta că în acest bazin - aşa de mult râvnit de alÅ£ii -scrierea apare cam acum 7400 ani. Iar dacă se acceptă că metoda cu carbon 14 are o abatere mare de cca 20-25.000 ani atunci oasele găsite pe lângă tăbliÅ£ele de la Tărtăroaia ar putea să fie mult mai vechi ca vârstă... Deci chestia cu amestecare trac-geto-dac etc. poate fi doar o suprapunere de denumiri şi se poate întâmpla ca vom fi nevoiÅ£i să rescriem istoria şi să recunoaştem că şi unii şi alÅ£ii au cam acelaşi "rădăcini" indiferent că acum se numesc români sau maghiari sau alte popoare care nu mai au descendenÅ£ii cunoscuÅ£ii 

          Informeaza-te! - Efectul tabletelor asupra copiilor!        

Cu siguranta aceasta este o tema care genereaza multe pareri pro si contra si totusi nu ma feresc sa o pun in discutie poate si datorita faptului ca fenomenul ia amploare atat de mult si parintii for fi primii raspunzatori pentru sanatatea si pentru reusita in viata a copilor. Avem o noua generatie de copii, numiti inafara I-KYDS, cum va suna asta? 

Copii nostri, in special cei mai mici, chiar au nevoie de tablete? Sau si acest nou gadget este inca o usurare a parintilor care sunt prea obositi sa-si mai supravegheze copilasii?

Ei si daca fac bine, si daca nu, am sa va prezint o serie de pareri si opinii avizate pe aceasta tema, ramanand ca dvs sa trageti propriile concluzii. Indiferent ce alegeti sau ce ati ales deja sa faceti cu copii dvs, cred ca inainte de a da un verdict clar, trebuie cunoscute ambele pareri, si pro si contra.

Tableta nu ajută copiii sub 6 ani
Doi psihologi, care au urmărit comportamentul mai multor copii mici cărora părinţii le-au făcut cadou o tabletă, şi-au expus, observaţiile personale. Psihologii atenţionează că aceste gadgeturi creează foarte uşor dependenţe şi nu le recomandă deloc copiilor sub şase ani. Psihologul Elena Vladislav, specializată în psihologia copiilor, susţine că, dacă un copil consumă mult timp în faţa unei tablete, mai târziu poate suferi de o tulburare care se manifestă prin imposibilitatea de concentrare asupra unui anumit subiect sau unei anumite acţiuni, adică de aşa numitul ADHD.
„Viteza mişcărilor jocurilor de pe tabletă se poate transforma în viaÅ£a reală într-o hiperactivitate la nivel motric. MulÅ£i copii care se joacă foarte mult timp devin copii agitaÅ£i şi hiperactivi, pentru că lor li se imprimă un anumit ritm al acÅ£iunii şi vor să se mişte la acelaşi ritm. Nu mai au răbdare să facă activităţi care presupun manualitate, răbdare sau abilităţi de logică”, explică Vladislav. Psihologul susÅ£ine că jocurile pe tabletă nu sunt specifice copilului mic. Potrivit stadiilor de dezvoltare stabilite de psihologi, în primii ani de viaţă, copilul învaţă explorând şi exersându-şi capacităţile motrice. Copiii la vârsta de 2-3 ani sunt în faza senzorio-motorie, ei au nevoie să-şi dezvolte inteligenÅ£a prin activităţi care implică motricitatea. În schimb, tableta îi implică numai la nivel vizual şi le limitează astfel câmpul cunoaşterii. „Am văzut copii mici, la zile de naştere sau petreceri şi fiecare era cu tableta lui. E uimitor, nu-i mai vezi jucându-se, nu-i mai vezi vorbind între ei. Eu personal am văzut copii care nu sunt în stare să se joace altfel. Vin cu tableta şi nu mai interacÅ£ionează cu ceilalÅ£i, iar asta mi se pare dramatic. Abilităţile sociale la aceasta  varsta se exersează”, mai spune psihologul.
Pe două observaţii importante vrea psihologul să pună accentul: excesul de joc pe tabletă le poate imprima copiilor o hiperactivitate, iar aceştia mai târziu nu se mai pot concentra foarte bine, nu mai au răbdare să ducă o activitate la bun sfârşit. Şi în timp, pierd abilitatea de a comunica de ceilalţi. „Ei nu mai ştiu să comunice în joc, să aibă toleranţă la frustrare în joc”, punctează psihologul.
„Scurtăturile nu facilitează dezvoltarea, ci creează dependenţa”
„Părinţilor le este mai comod să plaseze copilul în faţa unui astfel de device, decât să interacţioneze cu el, să facă lucruri care l-ar ajuta să se dezvolte fizic şi psihic. Părintele îşi creează astfel un timp liber, pe care îl va plăti scump mai târziu”, spune şi psihologul Cătălina Constantin.
Aceasta explică de ce jocurile de puzzle şi logo pe suport fizic sunt mai benefice pentru copil decât cele de pe tabletă. „Puzzle-ul in timp real înseamnă joacă, pe tabletă jocul respectiv se transformă într-o competiţie între copil şi aparat. În plus, toate aceste programe pe computer au un gen de recompense. Copiii nu doresc să aibă feedback-uri negative şi pierd noţiunea timpului jucându-se”, spune Cătălina Constantin.
Astfel, psihologii atrag atenţia că măsura este cuvântul cheie. Părintele trebuie să gestioneze foarte atent relaţia copilului său cu tableta. La preşcolari dependenţele de tehnologie se creează foarte uşor, aproape instantaneu. „Una este să aibă acces copilul o jumătate de oră pe zi, de câteva ori pe săptămână, şi alta este să fie lăsat cu device-ul ore întregi, în fiecare zi. Dependenţa de calculatoare nu e un mit, ci este o boală gravă care se lasă cu depresie, cu izolare socială, cu stimă de sine scăzută, cu tentative de suicid”, adaugă Constantin.
Dându-le tableta pe mână, unii părinţi au impresia că dezvoltă inteligenţa copilului, lucru contrazis de psihologi. Aceştia susţin că jocurile din lumea virtuală sunt repetitive şi mecanice, nu dezvoltă imaginaţia copilului, aşa cum o fac cele pe suport fizic.
„Părinţii trebuie să-şi înveţe copiii să se descurce singuri, să devină independenţi. Să ştie să rezolve probleme, să ştie să ceară ajutorul, lucrurile astea nu le găseşti în nicio tabletă. Scurtăturile pe care ţi le oferă tableta nu sunt de dorit, pentru că nu facilitează dezvoltarea, ci dependenţa”, conchide psihologul Cătălina Constantin.
Testele unui profesor 
De ce le cumpără părinÅ£ii propriilor copii tablete? Primul răspuns, şi cel mai des întâlnit, este, desigur, că îi fac mai inteligenÅ£i. Am cunoscut părinÅ£i care spun că băiatul sau fata a învăţat formele geometrice, numerele sau literele de pe tabletă. Timpul petrecut de cei mici în faÅ£a unui ecran este scuzat prin acest concept: „educaÅ£ie“. ToÅ£i aceşti părinÅ£i ar ”radia de fericire” dacă ar avea cunoştinţă de testele realizate de Philippe Meirieu, un profesor de ştiinÅ£ele educaÅ£iei din FranÅ£a. Acesta şi-a îndemnat elevii, majoritatea utilizatori de tablete, să parcurgă o serie de teste, datând din 1935, bazate pe conceptul de „puzzle“. Prima concluzie a fost că, spre deosebire de elevii interbelici, cei de astăzi reuşesc mult mai greu să-şi menÅ£ină trează atenÅ£ia. În schimb, ceea ce elevii din 1935 făceau în 15 minute, cei din zilele noastre rezolvă, chiar mai bine, în numai 5 minute. Problema apărea ulterior, în momentul în care elevii erau rugaÅ£i, la câteva zile distanţă, să explice metoda de lucru prin care au rezolvat problema. Extrem de puÅ£ini îşi mai aminteau. Cercetătorii pun această piedere a memoriei tocmai pe seama ecranului, a trecerii de la un hypertext la un altul, spre un loc final care nu mai are nicio legătură cu cercetarea iniÅ£ială. Or, ceea ce dă forţă memoriei este tocmai coerenÅ£a. Iar fără memorie, avem parte de „executanÅ£i“ buni, dar fără metodă, fără logică de sistem. 

Ipoteza „Sartori“ 
Potrivit autorului Giovanni Sartori, autor al lucrării „Homo videns“, ceea ce diferenţiază omul de celelalte animale este capacitatea unică de a abstractiza. Prin natura lui, omul nu poate dobândi cunoştinţe altfel decât prin cuvânt, acesta fiind singurul vehicul care îi stimulează această capacitate unică. În locul lui însă, omenirea a instalat imaginea, făcând astfel ca vizibilul să ia locul inteligibilului. Din păcate însă, afirmă Sartori, imaginea este un fapt mediat, ce necesită clarificări, clarificări ce au loc tot prin cuvânt. Aceasta ar fi şi explicaţia pentru care tinerii crescuţi în faţa ecranelor par să aibă probleme de integrare în lumea înconjurătoare.

Lupta emisferelor
Leon Zăgrean este iniţiatorul primului laborator din România dedicat exclusiv neuroştiinţelor, un Centru de Excelenţă în ţară. Numele disciplinei pare desprins din filosofie sau cel puţin dintr-o disciplină ce operează, mai degrabă, cu concepte, decât cu experimente, dar ilustrează destul de bine situaţia actuală a cercetărilor asupra creierului. De unde putem porni pentru a crea ipoteze şi a încerca să obţinem rezultate ce ar ajuta cercetarea ştiinţifică viitoare? Prima variantă ar fi experimentul în condiţii de laborator şi concluziile acestuia. Iar acestea sunt clare: utilizarea instrumentelor de tipul computerului sau a tabletei conduce la supradezvoltarea emisferei cerebrale stângi, în detrimentul celei din dreapta. Emisfera stângă este partea „digitală“ a creierului nostru, cea responsabilă de aritmetică, limbaj, cifre, categorii. Emisfera dreaptă este partea „analogică“, cea a culorilor, formelor, înţelegerii metaforelor şi a nuanţelor. Supradezvoltând inteligenţa numerică, acei expuşi conţinutului furnizat de tablete trec printr-un proces asemănător celui suferit de persoanele autiste. „Calculatorul este benefic până la un punct. El dezvoltă noi capacităţi ale creierului şi noi circuite în munca directă, abstractă, cu computerul. Dar copiii de azi nu putem spune că sunt mai deştepţi fiindcă sunt conectaţi mereu la computer. Poate că sunt mai pricepuţi în a face nişte lucruri, dar, uneori, partea emoţională este afectată şi acest lucru va fi pe nota de plată pentru generaţiile viitoare: amputarea afectivă, lucrul şi interacţiunea scăzută cu semenii, diminuarea vieţii reale“, explică profesor doctor Dafin Mureşanu, preşedintele Societăţii de Neurologie din România.
Cercetătorii sud-coreeni au numit-o „demenÅ£a digitală“. Sună îngrozitor. Prestigioasa publicaÅ£ie franceză „Philosophie magazine“ publica, în octombrie 2013, cifrele din spatele acestui concept: aruncăm o privire asupra smartphone-ului la fiecare 6 minute, îl utilizăm aproximativ 2 ore şi 8 minute în fiecare zi, dintre care doar 12 minute sunt rezervate scopului său primar: de a da şi a primi apeluri de la alÅ£ii. „Le Nouvel Observateur“ folosea cuvântul „nebunie“, într-un dosar, publicat pe 17 octombrie 2013, dedicat modului în care noua tehnologie ne-a ocupat viaÅ£a. „Internetul activează aceleaşi zone cerebrale precum drogurile. Iar ecranul este ca zahărul. Îţi provoacă o plăcere imediată şi dependenţă pe măsură“, declara, în dosarul citat, Cristophe André, medic psihiatru la Spitalul Sainte-Anne, din Paris. PriviÅ£i atent în jur, în orice loc v-aÅ£i afla, de-a lungul unei zile. Inevitabil, la o scară mai mică sau mai mare, veÅ£i vedea următoarea imagine: oameni în toată firea, cu aparate în mâini, trimiţând mailuri, verificând profiluri, modificând status-uri pe Facebook, răspunzând la mesaje pe Twitter. SecvenÅ£e cu oameni aflaÅ£i în acelaşi loc, însă, chiar şi pentru câteva secunde, într-o perfectă izolare de sine şi de lumea din jur. Iar când tehnologia a intrat atât de puternic în viaÅ£a oamenilor mari, era o chestiune de timp până ce mica generaÅ£ie va deveni expusă.  

Este clar ca generatiile viitoare se vor tehnologiza tot mai mult, insa cu ce pret? Resposabilitatea parintilor este acum mai mare ca niciodata pentru ca ofera pe tava micutilor niste obiecte la care ei n-au avut acces si ale caror efecte in timp nu le cunosc. Bine, pe unii nu-i intereseaza deloc, important e sa taca cel mic pentru ca ei sa aiba timp sa-si termine treburile. Sunt adept convins al tehnologizarii  controlate, constiente si responsabile, chiar cu riscul de a fi catalogat drept ”invechit”. 

Cu tot avantul tehnologic, este ceva ce tehnologia nu a inventat si nu va inventa vreodata: omul, gandirea si sentimentele.

Alegeti constient si aveti grija la excese!

Ma inclin in fata dvs, cu tot respectul,
Pavel Dinu

surse:http://adevarul.ro/, http://m.romanialibera.ro, http://i.telegraph.co.uk, http://i.dailymail.co.uk/

          Prepare Now for the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season        
The Atlantic hurricane season starts today, and there is no better time to get ready than now. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) encourages residents and businesses across the nation to prepare by understanding their risk, planning together for the entire family, and downloading the FEMA App. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate […]
          Usage Instructions        
Use this URL with the following arguments:
lat = your latitude in decimal format, South is negative.
lon = your longitude in decimal format, West is negative.
radius = your search radius in nautical miles (100 is the default).

Example: http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov/rss/ndbc_obs_search.php?lat=25.5&lon=-90.1&radius=200

          (Review) Global Weirdness, by Climate Central        
I picked up Global Weirdness on a whim while browsing at my local bookstore, Malaprops, in Asheville, NC. Which is oddly apropos, because this bookstore is a mere half mile away from the National Climatic Data Center, a NOAA entity tasked with the lofty … Continue reading
          Tabăra La Cortul Întâlnirii        

Departamentul de tineret al Bisericii Penticostale BETEL din Hațeg organizează și anul acesta tabăra creștină La Cortul Întâlnirii, tabără ce va avea loc în perioada 22-28 iulie 2017. Locația va fi cea de anul trecut și anume, între localitățile Sânpetru și Ohaba Sibișel (județul Hunedoara), la o distanță de aprox. 20km de orașul Hațeg.

Din partea echipei de organizare cunoaștem și o parte din invitații care vor lua parte la această tabără. Aceștia sunt: Dorel Coraș, Oti Tipei, Alex Păduraru, Adi Mocan, Ovidiu Danci, Ioel Rotariu, Excelsis Worship, BETEL praise È™i alții.

Mai multe detalii pot fi găsite pe pagina de Facebookclick aici
Formularul de înscriere: click aici

„Vino cu grupul de tineri din biserica ta și cu prietenii tăi! Vom fi împreună la: rugăciunea de dimineață, programele de închinare și ascultare a Cuvântului, seminariile ce vor avea loc, activitățiile sportive, seminarii și multe altele care le-am pregătit pentru tine!
Vino să învățăm a trăi Viața la superlativ bazată pe Ioan 10:10!”

preluat de pe: http://partascuHristos.com

          Vestea Bună în format audio și video - Familia Taciuc        
Dragi fraÅ£i şi surori, fie ca Domnul Isus să reprezinte pacea şi bucuria voastră în fiecare zi şi fie ca El să vă aducă aminte prin Duhul Său cel Sfânt de toate promisiunile frumoase din Scriptură.

Unii din fraÅ£ii noştri din Papua Noua Guinee abia acum aud despre harul şi binecuvântările care vin prin jertfa salvatoare a Domnului nostru Isus Hristos. MulÅ£umim însă Domnului, că El ne-a ajutat şi ne-a dat înÅ£elepciunea să putem fi de ajutor la câteva proiecte în desfăşurare, proiecte care au ca scop principal traducerea și propovăduirea Evangheliei aici la marginile pământului.

Uneori este destul de dificil să începi aici un proces de traducere a Scripturii. Localnicii au de obicei preconcepÅ£ia că Evanghelia şi creştinismul aparÅ£in oamenilor albi. Au fost cazuri în care băştinaşii au acceptat venirea misionarilor şi aducerea Scripturii doar pentru că au sperat că odată cu Scriptura se vor deschide aici şi căile comerÅ£ului, ajutoarelor şi bunăstării pe care ei le văd ca venind din vest. Dacă oamenii nu îşi doresc cu adevărat să aibă în triburile lor procese de traducere a Evangheliei, este foarte greu ca misionarii să-i convingă de necesitatea aceasta.

În ultimii ani, tot mai multe triburi au îmbrăţişat Scriptura, şi acest fapt a adus cu sine şi procese de alfabetizare şi şcoli, iar toate aceste lucruri au avut ca rezultat secundar creşterea economică a regiunilor, scăderea criminalităţii şi unitatea socială din grup. Poate că astăzi este mai uşor să adresezi unui grup etnic din această zonă propunerea de a crea un atelier de traducere a Scripturii, pentru că oamenii văd şi aceste beneficii secundare la triburile învecinate, dar există totuşi o opoziÅ£ie puternică pe plan spiritual. În esenţă, situaÅ£ia de aici este de multe ori un cerc vicios: oamenii nu îşi doresc Evanghelia pentru că nu au cunoscut bunătatea şi dragostea Domnului Isus şi nu pot cunoaşte această bunătate şi dragoste pentru că nu au Evanghelia.

Rugăciune pt. familia Taciuc

          Konie boskie i specjalne        
Konie boskie
Konie boskie krótko mówiąc... są boskie. Dają graczowi diamenty, zestawy nyks i wiele innych.  Boskie konie mogą brać udział w zawodach, ale tylko z boskimi końmi (są wtedy specjalne zawody) oraz nie mogą brać udział w Grand Prix.

Sleipnir, Slejpnir

Niesamowity koń boski posiadający osiem nóg zamiast czterech. Sleipniry są nieśmiertelne i występują w 5 -ciu kolorach. Wszystkie te konie to ogiery. Jeśli gracz nie loguje się przez 30 dni lub nie opiekuje się końmi przez 7 dni, Sleipnir ucieka, lecz każdy ma możliwość złapania go - poprzez wejście na stronę danego Sleipnira i kliknięcie w link.
A poza Howrse? To ośmionogi koń Odyna, dziecko Lokiego. Sleipnir jest szarej maści, potrafi poruszać się po ziemi, w powietrzu i po piekle.
Loki przemienił się w klacz, by odciągnąć od pracy konia imieniem Swadelfari. Koń ten pomagał swemu panu - wielkoludowi, który zobowiązał się odbudować w ciągu jednej zimy mury Asgardu, twierdzy mającej bronić bogów przed szronowymi i górskimi olbrzymami. Gdyby mu to się udało, otrzymałby w nagrodę Freję. Ostatniego dnia została jeszcze do wstawienia brama. Loki rżeniem zwabił ogiera i uciekł z nim, co zapobiegło utracie przez Azów pięknej bogini. Po jakimś czasie Loki powrócił
do Asgardu prowadząc ośmionogiego karej maści
konia, Sleipnira i podarował go Odynowi. Sleipnir nigdy
nie zawiódł swego pana i wiernie mu służy.
źródło: pl.wikipedia.org


Krezus pojawił się u nas przy okazji Sprzedaży Błyskawicznych. Wytwarza pieniądze zamiast łajna. Każdego 13 dnia miesiąca, Krezus daje swojemu właścicielowi jeden kupon, jeśli ten był zalogowany poprzedniego dnia. W te rzadkie dni, kiedy 13 przypada w piątek, Krezus podarowuje mu 2 kupony. Każdego miesiąca, jeden z koni nazwanych Krezus Junior zmienia się w Krezus. Największą szanse mają gracze, którzy wszystkie swoje ogiery nazwą  Krezus Junior i mają ich naprawdę dużo. Krezusy można sprzedawać.


Gypse to boski koń, który codziennie zamienia się w piasek. Aby go odbudować musisz wejść na jego stronę i złapać UFO w postaci piaska, łopatki itp.  Dzięki piasku możesz dodać umiejętności koniu.
Gypse pojawił się u nas podczas promocji puzzle. 
Jest wałachem.
Można go sprzedawać.


Balios jest bardzo szczodrym boskim koniem. 19 dnia każdego miesiąca, w czasie aktualizacji serwera, podaruje swojemu właścicielowi Zestaw Nyks, pod warunkiem, że ten logował się poprzedniego dnia. Jeśli jego właściciel nie jest jego oryginalnym hodowcą, ofiaruje mu Zestaw Nyks 19 stycznia, kwietnia, lipca i października. Dodatkowo jego umiejętności wzrastają każdego dnia... Występuje w czterech maściach: gwiezdnej, burzowej, śnieżnej i słonecznej.
W mitologii greckiej nieśmiertelny koń Achillesa. Uchodził za syna boga Zefira i harpii Podarge. Był bratem nieśmiertelnego konia Achillesa - Ksantosa.
Boska rodzinka

Mgła jest boską klaczą, która potrafi dzielić się swoimi umiejętnościami. Poziom jej umiejętności zmienia się każdego dnia: jednego dnia będzie mistrzynią galopu, innego będzie przodować w wytrzymałości... Można raz w jej życiu skrzyżować ją ze Snow'em, czego wynikiem będzie Ocean.


Snow (inaczej Śnieg, Śnieżny Koń) jest nieśmiertelnym boskim koniem stworzonym specjalnie do zawodów. Kolor imienia każdego z nich zależy od tego,w czym się specjalizuje.
Niebieski - biegi przełajowe
Czerwony -  skoki.
Zielony - kłus.
Fioletowy - galop.
Śnieżnobiały - ujeżdżenie.

 Jest ojcem Oceana.


Ocean to koń, który rodzi się i rośnie. Powstaje ze skrzyżowania Snowa i Mgły. Po ojcu odziedziczył moce, po matce ich zmienność. W związku z tym jego niezwykłe umiejętności wymieniają się każdego dnia, czyniąc go potencjalnym mistrzem wszystkich dyscyplin.

Kolekcja Kamieni Szlachetnych


Szafir to koń boski, wygrać było go można, kiedy na howrse była akcja Sałatka Owocowa. Każdego dnia kiedy wchodzimy na Szafira w historii pokazuje się nick osoby, na której profilu ukrywa się ten boski koń. Kiedy wejdziemy na tą osobę, Szafir daje nam w dni parzyste diament, a w dni nieparzyste 1000eq. 


Jest pierwszym koniem z tej kolekcji, który pojawił się na polskim Howrse. To drogocenny koń, który ofiarowuje swojemu właścicielowi diamenty. Za każdym razem, gdy obchodzi urodziny, daje mu w prezencie 5 diamentów.
W dni, kiedy Rubin nie dodaje diamentów, jego wzrost troszkę się powiększa...


Ametyst jest koniem, który sprawia, że niedługo po położeniu go spać można spotkać na innej stronie UFO.
Te UFO najfartowniejszym z graczy podaruje diament. Pozostali otrzymają punkt dorastania.


Jadeit jest koniem z rodziny Kamieni Szlachetnych.
Za każdym razem, gdy budzi się z jedną z umiejętności wyższą lub równą 0, ofiarowuje właścicielowi diament.
W przeciwieństwie do innych koni z tej kolekcji, jego umiejętności nie mogą być podniesione z użyciem diamentów.



 Można ją pokryć Szafirem, z tego skrzyżowania powstanie Topaz.
Można było ją zdobyć w kalendarzu i RO.
Jest jedyną klaczą w tej kolekcji.

Photo of NOAA Corps officers, one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

In connection with American Heroes Week (July 24—28, 2017), the U.S. Department of Commerce is proud to highlight its own American heroes and the important role Commerce agencies play in serving and protecting American communities. 

Did you know the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has a corps of commissioned officers, one of the seven uniformed services of the United States?

NOAA Corps officers play a vital role in the acquisition and analysis of environmental data to aid our nation in meeting the security, economic and environmental challenges of the 21st century. Collectively, they have been and continue to be true heroes to our nation.

NOAA Corps officers command ships that scan the seafloor for potential hazards to shipping, monitor oceanographic and atmospheric conditions and study ocean resources. They also pilot NOAA's highly specialized aircraft that collect environmental and geographic data necessary for weather and flood prediction, precision mapping and charting, disaster response and resource management.

On Monday, July 24, 2017, eighteen officer candidates were sworn into the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps training program as Basic Officer Training Class (BOTC) 130. The officer candidates of BOTC 130 are the first class to be sworn in since the 100th anniversary of the creation of the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps. They now embark on a challenging 19-week curriculum that prepares them to support NOAA’s vital missions to protect life and property by understanding and predicting changes in the climate, weather, ocean and coastlines. NOAA Corps recruits train alongside Coast Guard officer candidates at the Coast Guard Academy in New London, CT, before receiving their first assignment.

Both NOAA and the NOAA Corps have a long history of service to the Nation. NOAA traces its history back to the formation of the Survey of the Coast in 1807. Faced with tough national security and economic challenges and a natural world governed by powerful and mysterious forces that often threatened life, property and commerce, President Thomas Jefferson created the Survey of the Coast in 1807 to support the nation’s defense, promote the well-being of its citizens and unlock nature’s secrets. The new agency’s mission was to chart the nation’s coastal waters to ensure that ships could move civilians, troops and materials safely.

During the next 150 years, the Survey of the Coast (later called the Coast & Geodetic Survey) would fulfill its mission in war as well as in peacetime. With America’s entry into World War I, a commissioned service of the Coast & Geodetic Survey (CG&S) was formed on May 22, 1917, to ensure the rapid assimilation of C&GS technical skills for defense purposes. During World War II, officers and civilians of the C&GS produced nautical and aeronautical charts, provided critical geospatial information to artillery units and conducted reconnaissance surveys.

Today, the work of the C&GS—and more—is conducted NOAA and the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps—one of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The direct descendants of the C&GS, NOAA and the NOAA Corps work every day on land, in the air and on the sea to keep the nation secure and productive by providing products and services that support maritime domain awareness; help ensure safe passage of commercial and military traffic on our nation’s waterways; warn mariners, aviators, and the public of severe weather; aid search and rescue efforts; and conserve and protect our natural resources. They are true American heroes. 

          The Critical Role of Hurricane Hunters in Protecting American Communities         
NOAA Meteorologist and Flight Director Jessica Williams aboard NOAA Lockheed WP-3D Orion N43RF during a flight into Hurricane Matthew in October 2016.

In connection with American Heroes Week (July 24—28, 2017), the U.S. Department of Commerce is proud to highlight its own American heroes and the important role Commerce agencies play in serving and protecting American communities.  

On board NOAA Hurricane Hunter aircraft, there are no small jobs. Each member of the crew plays a critical role in ensuring the safe operation of the aircraft and the collection of quality weather data. The following is a feature highlighting one Commerce hero, NOAA Meteorologist and Flight Director Jessica Williams, who serves on NOAA's Lockheed WP-3D Orion and Gulfstream IV-SP hurricane hunter planes. 

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Office of Marine and Aviation Operations  (OMAO) provides immediate response capabilities for unpredictable events. Specifically, through its Hurricane Hunter program, OMAO plays an integral role in hurricane forecasting. Data collected during hurricanes by these high-flying meteorological stations help forecasters make accurate predictions during a hurricane and help hurricane researchers achieve a better understanding of storm processes, improving their forecast models. 

Preparing for takeoff

Jessica Williams has always thirsted for an understanding about the environment in which we live. As a high school senior deciding on a college, she had the foresight to pursue her interest in weather and the atmosphere. Her compass pointed her to Penn State University. There, Williams joined the United States Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps. Her studies at Penn State concluded with a bachelor's of science degree in meteorology. She bolstered her resume with a master's of science degree in geographic information science from Northwest Missouri State University.

Williams is among those who has been able to make her passion her paycheck. Following college, Williams was able to merge her loves of aviation and atmospheric data by working as a weather officer in the U.S. Air Force for four years. She later worked as an aviation meteorologist in NOAA’s National Weather Center Service Unit and held a position as a wind resource modeling analyst. Her next career move was to become a flight director at NOAA’s Aircraft Operations Center, home the NOAA Hurricane Hunters.

Safety first

When flying on a mission to investigate a tropical cyclone, Williams is responsible for ensuring that the aircraft to which she is assigned is safely navigated through the storm and all the necessary data is collected.

The work, however, begins well before “wheels up.” Mission preparation involves collecting mission objectives from researchers and reviewing operational directives. “From this, we put together a tentative flight plan to accomplish these objectives,” says Williams. “I study the weather pattern, forecasts, and any potential weather hazards based on my training and experience, for the time period and locations we’ll be flying in and around.” She later disseminates this information to the crew in the pre-flight briefing.

Safety is paramount and once airborne, Williams is buckled in for what can be more than an eight-hour flight. “My eyes are on the radars at all times first and foremost, and secondly the data we’re collecting, which gets transmitted to the National Hurricane Center and often ingested into forecast models,” she says.

Into the storm

As one can imagine, working with hurricanes is anything but predictable. “Flight tracks, plans and objectives often change in flight, so we need to be prepared to discuss whether these changes are safe,” says Williams.

The idea of safely surveying hurricanes almost seems like a contradiction, but the NOAA Aircraft Operations Center team has made it standard operating procedure.

“This means flying right through the eyewall, which contains intense updrafts and downdrafts, extreme precipitation, lightning and often hail,” says Williams. Pre-flight training is essential to preparing the crew for these high-risk environments. “With knowledge of the storm dynamics, an understanding of aviation radar, and lots of experience from the crew we avoid these more dangerous areas.”

Close to home

The focus of her work sometimes can hit pretty close to home, most recently with Hurricane Matthew, “with the track coming so close to Florida and many of us having family and friends on the East Coast.” But she says it’s worth it, especially knowing how quickly the data she and her fellow Hurricane Hunters collect can directly affect people’s lives.

The same spirit that inspired a high school senior hasn’t dwindled. Williams’ drive hasn’t slowed. Her passion hasn’t decreased. Her goals haven’t changed. “To use my God-given experience, education and passion for science as I work with an excellent team to gather critical weather data in the storms,” is what it’s all about for Williams. “Data that improves forecast accuracy and warnings to save lives and property.”


          NOAA Data Helps Retail and Manufacturing Business Minimize Impacts from Weather and Climate        
Photo of down jackets at retail store.

The following is a cross-post from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information

From making sure warm winter coats are in stock at just the right time to accurately evaluating the underlying causes of fluctuations in the U.S. economy, NCEI’s environmental data provide critical information for retailers, manufacturers, and the companies that invest in them. As industries that are highly sensitive to changing weather conditions, retail and manufacturing businesses rely on our climate data to assess how weather has influenced their past sales. By understanding the past, these business can also better plan for the future.

Weather can affect every step of the retail supply chain, from the supplier, to the manufacturer, to the distributor, to the retailer, to consumer purchases. As the seasons change, manufacturers may need to produce different machine parts for equipment like lawn mowers and snow blowers. Similarly, retailers may need to shift the stock of seasonal items like hot cocoa and sandals as temperatures and weather conditions fluctuate.

In the winter, in particular, the weather can dramatically influence economic activity related to the manufacturing and retail industries. A severe snowstorm may keep consumers from shopping at retail stores and dining at restaurants. And, winter weather can prevent goods from getting to market too. For example, when a major snowstorm caused a single-day shutdown in New York, it resulted in $152 million in lost sales. However, major snowstorms can be profitable for online retailers and the automotive repair industry.

The performance of the manufacturing and retail industries is a top indicator of economic well-being. Since they account for $3.2 trillion or 17 percent of the U.S. GDP and an estimated 22 million jobs collectively, the performance of the manufacturing and retail industries is a top indicator of economic well-being. With the right data, manufacturers, retailers, and the companies that invest in them can understand and measure how weather is influencing their bottom lines and the country’s economy.

NCEI’s data are a crucial source of credible and authoritative information for a wide variety of businesses in the retail and manufacturing industries according to an April 2017 report. The report, which compiles feedback from companies in these industries, demonstrates how our climate data products are used to understand the effect of certain weather conditions on business performance. Pairing this information with climate outlooks can then inform how much product to manufacture or how to stock items in various regions of the country.

“We use the NCEI climate data reports when we're reviewing month-over-month and then year-over-year results from our sales territories,” said one company’s sales manager. “If we lost the NCEI climate data, I'd have to go back to the old sales guy excuse of ‘I didn't make my number because it rained.’ I'm not really willing to go there.”

Some of our data products that provide real-world value to the retail and manufacturing industries include:

All of these products help monitor and assess the state of Earth’s climate in near–real time and provide perspectives on how the climate of today compares to the past.

Learn more about how retail and manufacturers are using our data and why it’s so important to them in the video, The Benefit of NCEI Data to Retail and Manufacturing.

          Celebrating World Oceans Day        
Celebrating World Oceans Day

June 8, 2017. Happy World Ocean Day and National Ocean Month! From the food we eat to the air we breathe, we are all connected to the ocean. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) explores the ocean, provides tsunami warnings, addresses marine debris, manages national marine sanctuaries, ensures sustainable fisheries, and much, much more.

NOAA and its partners are holding World Ocean Day events throughout the month of June. You can celebrate online with NOAA’s National Ocean Service (NOS) annual 30 Days of the Ocean online campaign — a chance to highlight the importance of our world ocean, increase ocean literacy, and inspire actions to conserve resources when visiting our ocean and coasts. Every day during the month, NOS is sharing videos, imagery, and facts about our ocean and coasts on the NOS website and social media. You can follow the activity on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram — look for #30DaysofOcean. This year's campaign features NOS's pool of more than 300 Ocean Facts on their website. With topics ranging from the ocean economy to microplastics to hydrography and even the depth of the ocean, there’s sure to be a fact for everyone!

          Weather 101 Links        

Here’s the Power Point Weather 101 Power Point Jetstream Lessons http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/index.html Nice Supplemental Information http://ggweather.com/101.htm Severe Weather http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/education/svrwx101/ Tropical Cyclones/Hurricanes http://trackthetropics.com/tropical-cyclones-101/   Cool Visualization Websites: https://www.windytv.com/?35.051,-80.819,5 https://worldview.earthdata.nasa.gov/ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/climate-information/extreme-events/us-tornado-climatology#history https://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/        

The post Weather 101 Links appeared first on @wxbrad Blog.

          NOAA Says Atlantic Hurricane Season Is Ramping Up        
Government forecasters are warning that this year's Atlantic hurricane season is just getting started. 
          NOAA’s search & tag cruise embarks        
Last update — 3/2/2012, 10:00 Brad Hanson and his colleagues from the Northwest Fisheries Science Center, including Marla Holt and Dawn Noren, embarked today (2/16/12) from Newport, OR, aboard the NOAA ship Shimada (MMSI 369970147) to search for southern resident … Continue reading
          Updates from NOAA on Elwha science        
Yesterday Sarah Morely of NOAA/NWFSC Watershed Program, Fish Ecology Division gave a 40-minute synopsis of the “Elwha River Dam Removal – Past, Present, Future.”  My notes are appended and the NOAA site has an abstract with recommended references (also appended … Continue reading
          Ezoterism in lanuri – Capitolul III – PENTAGRAMA        



             Continui azi seria de articole “Ezotersim in lanuri”, prin descrierea simbolisticii unui alt element prezent in pictogramele din lanuri si anume Pentagrama. Acest simbol prezent in foarte multe formatiuni din lanuri, il intalnim destul de des in viata de zi cu zi, pe steagurile oficiale ale  statelor, diademe, blazoane, monumente, sigle ale unor companii private sau de stat, etc.  Este in acelasi timp simbol cu incarcatura bogata atat pentru comunism cat si pentru capitalism. Pentagrama, este satanica prin natura ei  si reprezinta capul tapului lui Azazel sau sagetile razboiului in oponenta. Evident, oficial ni se insira fel si fel de reprezentari ale acestui simbol care mai de care mai pompoase si mai emotionante, dar in realitate el reprezinta zeitatile cazute in special pe liderul acestora. Partizanii acestui simbol sustin ca este un insemn cu incarcatura benefica si protectoare in acelasi timp. Desigur, este protector pentru cei ce se inchina celor cazuti, cei cazuti care din dimensiunea lor trag sforile in aceasta lume prin intermediul elitelor.


Acest simbol aparut in cercurile din lanuri in toate zonele lumii unde s-au inregistrat astfel de aparitii, se constituie ca fiind o dovada in plus, in pledoaria mea prin care sustin ideea  ca, autorii cercurilor din lanuri, acesti asa zisi “extraterestrii”, nu sunt altceva decat intraterestrii, slugile celui cazut impreuna cu cele 200 de capatenii si subordonatii acestora. Pe blogul meu am reusit sa afisez doar o parte din pictogramele aparute, in care este prezenta pentagrama in diverse stilizari. Cu certitudine, fara prea mult efort,  veti mai gasi si voi, o multitudine de astfel de pictograme in care sa fie prezenta pentagrama in moduri diversificate, pe site-urile care se ocupa cu cercetarea acestui fenomen.


Binecunoscutul mason, satanist si ocultist (imi cer scuze pt pleonasm) Eliphas Levi, pe numele său real Alphonse Louis Constant, in cartea sa “Ritualul Magiei Trascendente” publicata pentru prima data in Franta la 1856, ne lamureste cat de folositor este acest simbol. Pentru cei ce nu au timp de acordat studiului, redau o parere a celebrului autor vis a vis de ocultism: “Ocultismul este frumos, este nemuritor, el reprezintă natura și legile ei, spiritul uman și aspirațiile lui, necunoscutul și incertitudinile sale pe care le depășește o legitimă ipoteză.” Eliphas Levi a definit ocultismul ca o filosofie care combină trei științe: Cabala sau "matematica gândirii umane", magia, "cunoașterea legilor secrete și speciale ale naturii care produc forțele ascunse", și ermetismul, "știință a naturii ascunse în hieroglifele și simbolurile lumii vechi"



       Desen celebru al carui autor este satanistul Eliphas Levi, intitulat Baphomet

Asadar, priviti si admirati aceste minunate pentagrame din lanuri. Ele reprezinta emblema factiunii rebele si poseda o energetica  malefica, fiind protectoare pentru cei ce practica ritualuri de accesare a cerurilor sau dimensiunilor inferioare. 













Incercati sa nu va lasati amagiti de unii sau de altii cu texte de genul: stii, defapt acest simbol insemana asta sau asta… bla bla bla, chestiuni placute auzului dar fara nici un suport solid documentat. Originile unor astfel de simboluri se pierd in negura timpurilor, raportat la durata existentiala a fiintei umane. Adevarata insemnatatea a simbolurilor este cunoscuta cu adevarat de catre cei intitati in stiintele oculte si cu siguranta in calitate de neinitiat ti se poate spune orice inafara de adevar. Din acest motiv elitele plaseaza simbolurile peste tot  dupa bunul plac, iar cand un autodidact incearca sa-si trezeasca semenii, atragand atentia,  bineinteles este luat in deradere de marea majoritate.





Desen preluat din lucrarile satanistului Eliphas Levi


Anton Szandor LaVey fondatorul bisericii sataniste, se autoconsidera intruparea satanei pe Pamant



                                       Ritual satanic


     Pentagrama este prezenta si in planul urbanistic al multor metropole din intreaga lume


Componenta protectoare din centru stelei cu cinci colturi, pentagonul, prezent in arhitectura moderna 

            Imaginile vorbesc de la sine si nu sunt necesare prea multe explicatii. Sper ca am reusit sa adun pe aceasta pagina suficient material fotografic din care sa rezulte cat de cat un argument solid in plus, vis a vis de teoria cum ca aceste entitati de pe o frecventa paralela cu cea a lumii noastre, autoare a formatiunilor din lanuri, sunt de factura malefica si ca participa alaturi de elita conducatoare, indiferent de culoare politica, la realizarea obiectivului final.


          6 ways NOAA budget cuts will hurt weather reporting – and Americans        
Trump’s proposal ignores how science protects American lives and property.

          Saimme Shellin perääntymään, mutta Arktiksella on uusi uhka        

Kun seitsemän miljoonaa ihmistä toimi, Shell perääntyi Arktikselta viime syksynä. Joulukuussa maailman maat sopivat Pariisissa, että ilmastopäästöt viedään nollaan tämän vuosisadan aikana. Nämä tapahtumat osoittavat, että voimme pitää huolta ainoasta kotiplaneetastamme ja sen ihmeellisestä luonnosta, kun toimimme yhdessä.

Arktisen merijään vetäytyvä reuna on varoitus siitä, miten nopeasti ilmastonmuutos etenee. Jään alta paljastuvan maailman upeille ja herkille olennoille on annettava mahdollisuus sopeutua nopeisiin muutoksiin. Valtiot vitkastelevat arvokkaiden alueiden suojelun kanssa, vaikka valtavat kalastusalukset pyyhkivät jo mennessään koskemattomia luonnonaarteita.  


Ilmastonmuutos avaa Arktiksen tuhoisalle tehokalastukselle

Ilmasto lämpenee Arktiksella miltei kaksi kertaa nopeammin kuin maapallolla keskimäärin ja merijää sulaa huolestuttavan nopeasti. Tämän vuoden tammikuussa Pohjoisen jäämeren jääpeite oli pienempi kuin kertaakaan tähän aikaan vuodesta satelliittimittausten historiassa.

Merijään sulaminen pohjoisella Barentsinmerellä avaa tehokalastusaluksille uusia alueita. Troolarit kyntävät merenpohjaa vieden mennessään ainutlaatuisia vedenalaisia maailmoja, joiden olennot ovat saaneet elää vuosisatojen ajan rauhassa. Pohjatroolaus on Norjan merentutkimuslaitoksen mukaan vaurioittanut 30-50 prosenttia Norjan kylmän veden koralliriutoista.


Saisiko olla annos Arktiksen tuhoamista?

Tänään julkaistu Greenpeacen tutkimus paljastaa, miten troolarit suuntaavat yhä useammin Barentsinmeren pohjoisosiin luontoarvoiltaan erityisen merkittäville alueille. Merijää on tähän asti suojellut alueita tehokalastukselta, ja merilinnut, jäähait ja merenpohjan herkät koralliekosysteemit ovat saaneet elää rauhassa. Jään sulaessa ihmisten on suojeltava nämä alueet.


Tutkimus perustuu satelliittiaineistoon ja kenttätutkimukseen alusten liikkeistä. Jäljet johtavat erityisesti kolmeen yhtiöön: norjalaisomisteiseen Havfisk ASA:n, venäläisomisteiseen Ocean Trawlersiin ja Fishing Industry Union of the North:n (FIUN), joka on johtava venäläinen kalastusliitto. Yhtiöiden kalansaalis päätyy kalan prosessoijille, vientiteollisuudelle ja jakelijoille, jotka toimittavat kalan eteenpäin Euroopan, Aasian, Kanadan ja Pohjois-Amerikan markkinoille. Kalaa päätyy niin suuriin marketteihin kuin suosittujen elintarvikebrändien pakkauksiin ja suurella todennäköisyydellä myös suomalaisten lautasille.  

Monet tunnetut brändit saavat kalansa Barentsinmereltä. Joukossa on suomalaisillekin tuttu Findus sekä esimerkiksi Birds Eye ja Iglo. Monet näistä yhtiöistä markkinoivat tuotteitaan kestävästi pyydystettyinä. Tutkimuksemme perusteella Barentsinmeren turskan ostaja ottaa aina riskin, että kalansaaliin joukossa on arvokkailta luontoalueilta troolattua kalaa.

Jää ei enää suojele vedenalaisia ihmemaita, joten meidän on nyt puolustettava niitä. Voimme olla sukupolvi, joka pelastaa Arktiksen ennen kuin suuret yhtiöt myllertävät kalansaaliin toivossa maailman, jota emme edes vielä kunnolla tunne.

Liity yli seitsemän miljoonan Arktiksen puolustajan joukkoon nyt ja auta suojelemaan Arktis!


          Interview of Charles A. Burroughs by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Charles A. Burroughs by Brian Shoemaker Burroughs, Charles A. Capt. Burroughs was commissioned as an Ensign in the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey upon graduation from the University of Connecticut in 1958 and was immediately sent to Alaska aboard the R/V Patton, a small hydrographic survey ship. Later he was assigned to the Bering Sea aboard the R/V Pathfinder where they surveyed the coast of the Aleutian Peninsula while based at Dutch Harbor. He attended graduate school (Major in Geodetic Science) from 1962-63 at The Ohio State University. He then worked in triangulation fieldwork in the Arctic, including the establishment of the first Coast and Geodetic satellite triangulation station in the Arctic at Cambridge Bay, NWT in 1964 during the winter. He discusses his experiences while there and also talks about the remains of the M/V Maud, Amundsen's ship that rests in shallow water just offshore. In 1965, Capt. Burroughs performed reconnaissance for four more satellite triangulation stations on St. Lawrence Island, Shemya Island, Pt. Barrow and Cold Bay. These were important accomplishments because they laid the groundwork for more accurate photographic mapping systems of the Arctic Basin, as well as providing data for the establishment of a world –wide geodetic datum. After the C&GS was rolled into ESSA in 1965, and finally NOAA in 1970, he was given Command of the NOAA Ship Fairweather during 1973-74, where he made modern hydrographic surveys of the Cook Inlet and Glacier Bay, Alaska (utilizing automated hydrographic survey systems). From 1976 until he retired in 1985, he held a number of staff and administrative positions in NOAA Headquarters, including Chief of Staff to the Director of the NOAA Corps. This was a short, but good interview. As an aside it should be noted that Capt. Burroughs is still involved with mapping and has been an officer of numerous mapping societies including president of the Washington Map Society, editor The PORTOLAN, the Society newsletter/journal, and secretary of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Society. He is an authority on The U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-42, commanded by Lt. Charles Wilkes that made significant discoveries of the Antarctic coastline. He has written a chapter in the Book Magnificent Voyages, The U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-42, Smithsonian 1985. The book details the relationship between the expedition and the fledgling Smithsonian and the perseverance of Admiral Wilkes, who for 40 years attended to the curation of the expedition collections.
          Interview of Gordon Cartwright by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Gordon Cartwright by Brian Shoemaker Cartwright, Gordon Mr Cartwright began a career with the US Weather Bureau in 1929 and served in positions of increasing responsibility witnessing all of the major developments in meteorological data collection and forecasting, the advent of satellites for weather reporting, the creation of NOAA from the USWB and other agencies and the USWB role in the Arctic and the Antarctic. Career highlights discussed in this interview include: during World War II, Cartwright organized a series of weather reporting stations along the ALCAN Highway for reporting Arctic weather conditions; he developed the Joint Arctic Weather Reporting System (JAWS) with the Canadians; he funded the construction of the initial weather reporting bases at Resolute and Alert; he was selected as an exchange scientist with the Russians during the IGY.
          Interview of Harley D. Nygren by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Harley D. Nygren by Brian Shoemaker Nygren, Harley D. The interview with Admiral Nygren was short, but very informative. He was the founder and organizer of the NOAA Corps and became its first Director when it was formed. He served in this capacity from 1971 to 1981 and reported to four Presidents – Nixon, Ford, Carter, and Reagan. His early career, however, found him on duty in the Arctic where he was assigned for three years to the Arctic Field Party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. He was also assigned as United States Representative on the British Antarctic Survey Expedition of 1962 and was a member of the U.S. Inspection Team to Antarctica in 1970. He retired in 1981 with 36 years active service. He was well prepared for the interview with a written resume that is in his file. This interviewers tape recorder failed as the interview began and Admiral Nygren dug one from his basement that, after some tinkering, worked fine on this interview and several other interviews in the following week. The following is pertinent: 1. During WWII (1942) he joined the Navy and was assigned to the Navy College Training Program and earned his commission and B.S. in 1945. 2. In September 1947 he joined the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey. 3. He was trained as an Astronomic Observer in 1948 4. In 1949 he was assigned to the USCGS Arctic Field Party. His party surveyed the coastline and the near offshore from Point Lay to Barter Island – this is where he cut his scientific teeth. This was the first accurate survey of the Alaska North Slope coastline. The maps that resulted from the survey are still in use today. The work began in January each year and proceeded until September. This cycle went on for three years. 5. The work was immediately useful to the Navy who needed the information to sail inside the Barrier Island chain off the North Slope of Alaska. 6. He recounts the excitement and trials that were endured. He notes that they employed 50 Inupiat who were invaluable to conducting the survey. 7. Lt. JG Nygren, with his knowledge of the Alaskan Coastline, piloted a Navy convoy of LSTs along the North Slope. 8. From 1952 to 1954 he had two ship assignments – the Depot Bay and the Pathfinder –conducting surveys in the Bering Sea. 9. From 1957 – 61 he served aboard three other ships that worked off of Alaska – Explorer, Pathfinder and Pioneer. 10. In 1959 while on sabbatical at the University of Washington he was asked by Professor Fleming sail with the Brown Bear – a 128 foot wooden ship – when it sailed into the ice off Point Barrow. He recounts the experience briefly. 11. In 1962 he served as U.S. Representative with the British Antarctic Survey in Antarctica spending 5 months aboard the RRS Shackleton. Henry Dater was the head of the U.S. team. The team also conducted Antarctic Treaty Inspections of Argentine and Chilean Stations during this period. 12. CDR Nygren was assigned as Executive Officer of the Surveyor in 1966. He fleeted up to Commanding Officer in 1968 and shortly afterward was appointed to Captain. The ship conducted surveys in the Bering Sea and geophysical work off of St Lawrence Island and Cape Prince of Whales. 13. In 1970 he served on the United States Antarctic Treaty Inspection team. 14. After this assignment he was appointed as Associate Administrator of ESSA (Environmental Services Administration) and promoted to RADM and when NOAA Corps was formed he was chosen as its first Director, a position that he held for ten years until he retired in 1981. In this capacity he directed all of NOAA’s activities in the Arctic and regularly visited his ships and stations in the field for ten years. 15. In his capacity as Director of the NOAA Corps he served on numerous national boards and committees and through them had a major influence on national interests in both Polar Regions.
          Interview of Harold Leinbach by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Harold Leinbach by Brian Shoemaker Leinbach, Harold Dr. Leinbach had an interest in astronomy from an early age. His fascination led him to pursue studies in astronomy at the University of Maryland, South Dakota, and at Cal Tech, where he received his master’s degree. At the University of Alaska, the Geophysical Observatory staff resigned leaving a shortage. This convinced Leinbach to apply to the Geophysical Institute. He got the job and moved to Alaska to work on projects observing the aurora. He talks about various ways to document and view them. Leinbach was drafted in 1953 and assigned to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal where his group was responsible for the manufacture of nerve gas. He conducted testing to see if the nerve gas was good or bad. After his discharge in 1956, he went back to the Geophysical Institute. In the summer of 1956, he helped to develop a new instrument for measuring ionospheric opacity called the riometer. In October 1957, he traveled to King Solomon and Unalaska to gather data with the riometer. Leinbach talks about his experiences there. The Geophysical Institute also gave the riometers to other colleges as well as Sweden. The institute installed riometers at the Air Force in Thule, Farewell, and Fort Yukon. While working for the Geophysical Institute, Leinbach was also pursuing a Ph.D. in geophysics. The Geophysical Institute was involved in researching and publishing papers about their measurements and their findings on polar cap absorption. They were invited by the University of Iowa to show the warnings of the occurrence of the events by the riometer data. He talks about the experiments that went on there as well as the results. Leinbach mentions a major polar cap absorption event on May 14th, 1959 in Minnesota. This event received major recognition and press. He describes the increase in technology that increased the amount of solar information available and generated interest about the subject. After finishing his thesis in 1962, he received a job at the University of Iowa. For four years at Iowa, Leinbach was involved in a variety of projects. After that, Leinbach moved to Boulder and worked for the Space Environment Laboratory of NOAA. During his career, one of his experiments entailed making artificial auroras. He retired in 1993. • Leinbach’s professional career began with his childhood interest in astronomy. • He began college at the University of Maryland and after a year transferred to South Dakota State College. • Began observing and drawing sun spot activity daily while in South Dakota. • When in South Dakota Leinbach joined the American Association of Variable Star Observers. • Leinbach built a spectrohelioscope in the summer of 1949 in order to graduate from South Dakota. • Leinbach enrolled in Cal Tech in 1949 and graduated in 1950 with his Master’s Degree. • Leinbach received his job at the Geographical Institute at the University of Alaska after graduating from Cal Tech. • In 1953 Leinbach was drafted and assigned to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal in Denver, Colorado where nerve gas was manufactured. • Leinbach was discharged January of 1956 and returned to the Geographical Institute where he became involved with the cosmic radio study program. • During the summer of 1956 Leinbach worked with George Swenson on the design of the riometer. • Record-breaking solar flares occurred on February 23, 1956. • By February 1957 the riometer was complete and commercial units were built and distributed through out that year. • In October 1957 Leinbach and a team went to King Solomon and Dutch Harbor to install a riometer and auroral radar equipment. • Another riometer unit was installed in Thule for the Air Force, which they called the geopole station, this station was critical for monitoring polar cap absorption. • In 1956 Leinbach began working on his PhD. jointly with the University of Alaska and the Institute. • In January of 1958 Leinbach and Gordon Little published the first major paper out of the Geophysical Institute called “Some Measurements of High Latitude Ionospheric Absorption Using Extraterrestrial Radio Waves.” • Collaboration with NASA helped NASA measure the mass of solar proton waves in order to protect its astronauts, satellites and shuttles from dangerous radiation. • Riometers were never patented. • Leinbach finally received his PhD. in 1962. • Leinbach joined Van Allen’s team at the University of Iowa. • Leinbach moved to Boulder, Colorado in June of 1966 where he finished his career with the Space Environment Laboratory of NOAA. • Leinbach retired in 1993. • Neil Hines-pp.3,4 • Jessie Greenstein-pp.4 • Pierre St. Amand-pp.4 • Terrence Moore-pp.5 • Bill Wilson-pp.5 • Jim Heppner-pp.5,6,7 • _____ Strermer-pp.7 • Dr. Louis Hermann-pp.8 • Dr. Chris Elvie-pp.8,9,11 • Prof. Sidney Chapman-pp.10,22 • C. Gordon Little-pp.10,11,13,24,33,39 • Neil Davis-pp.11,22 • George Swenson-pp.12,13 • Bob Merrick-pp.13 • Nate Worman-pp.13 • Rev. Keith Wethern-pp.17,18,19 • Dick Shoop-pp.18 • Norm Sanders-pp.18,19 • Shin Akasofu-pp.22 • Bob Leonard-pp.22 • George Reid-pp.22,24,30,39 • Dana Bailey-pp.22,23 • Gordon Barnes-pp.23,24 • John Simpson-pp.25 • John Winkler-pp.26 • James Van Allen-pp.26 • Walter Sullivan-pp.31 • Larry Gould-pp.31 • Bill Berrnstein-pp.36 • Jack Gosling-pp.40 • Bob Brown-pp.40,41
          Interview of Norbert Untersteiner by Brian Shoemaker        
Interview of Norbert Untersteiner by Brian Shoemaker Untersteiner, Norbert, 1926- Dr. Untersteiner was raised in Austria. In 1931, his father took him to Spitsbergen. This trip and reading books about explorers of the polar regions influenced him to work in polar regions. He describes life in Austria under the Nazis. After World War II, he was employed by the American Occupation Troops to run errands after living in difficult conditions in Vienna. He was a student at the University of Vienna, and then transferred to the University of Innsbruck. In the summer, he worked with the Austrian Alpine Club to survey glaciers. After completing his doctorate in geophysics and astronomy, he accepted an apprenticeship with a Vienna radio station. After becoming an assistant at the University, Dr. Untersteiner was involved in a heat balance study, and in foliation studies in the Alps. He was a member of a team to study heat balance, moisture balance, and radiation on mountains in East Pakistan. After difficulties in obtaining a position, he was employed by the University of Washington, for the U. S. Northern Hemisphere Glaciology Program. Many studies on mountain glaciers and on ice floes are described in detail. The various problems of delivering supplies by airplanes are included. The problems of evacuating people and supplies from an ice floe (Ice Station Alpha) that is breaking up were challenging. On Ice Station Alpha II, he and his associates made physical measurements for a complete one year cycle. From some of this work, the Ekman Spiral was developed. Dr. Untersteiner used this data for a comprehensive paper on heat and mass balance of melt ice. Conditions at ARLIS II are compared to others. U.S. Submarines and Russian submarines added mystery to the work of a few persons on Ice Station Alpha II. The development of AIDJEX (The Arctic Ice Dynamics Joint Experiment) started in the late 1960s. After a short stay as Director of the Office of Ocean Programs for NOAA, he returned to the University of Washington as Director of the Polar Science Center. Before leaving AIDJEX in 1978, he received a grant to start the Arctic Data Buoy Program. In 1988, Dr. Untersteiner accepted the position of chairman of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences and retired in 1997. In 1992, he accepted membership on the U.S.A. Environmental Task Force to advise the CIA. Later, it was converted to MEDEA. He cites some work of MEDEA. He summarizes some of the early history of the Polar Research Board, National Research Councils and the usefulness of the meetings. He was in charge of the research plan for the Hansen Drift Station established by the International Research Council. In 1999, he accepted the position of Chapman Professor of Physical Science at the University of Alaska. In conclusion, he said “it was a very good time to be a scientist.” Major Topics 1. Early interest in polar studies kindled by a trip to Spitsbergen when he was five years old. 2. He describes living conditions at the University of Vienna for students after 1945. 3. His first position was weather forecaster for a radio station. 4. Early work studying ice melt is discussed. 5. Difficulty in conducting research and living on an ice floe is discussed. 6. The moving ice of the glacier made it necessary to more the Jamesways, and to build a new runway. The Jamesways were difficult to move. 7. The purpose of the camp on the glacier was to make measurements for a one year cycle. 8. He describes an incident with some crew members of a US submarine on the Ice Station Alpha. 9. The development of a Geophysics Department is described. 10. His role in designing the mission of AIDJEX is summarized. Cooperation with other research groups made the program more comprehensive. 11. He became Director of the Office of Ocean Programs for NOAA. He describes his disappointment with the position and returned to his faculty position in Seattle, and became Director of the Polar Science Center. 12. In the 1990s, he accepted a position on an Environmental Task Force which involved advising the CIA and a member of MEDEA. Key Individuals Mentioned 1. His father, _____ Untersteiner, M.D.—p.1, 2, 3 2. Richard Fensterwalter—p.7 3. Professor Viatorres—p.7 4. Professor Schotts—p.7 5. Professor Heinz von Ficker—p.8, 9 6. Herfried Hoinkes—p.10 7. Hans Almann—p.10 8. Karl Christian Wallen—p.10 9. Walter Schawarzacher—p.11, 14 10. Bullock Workman—p.11 11. Heinrich Herald—p.12 12. Walter Brendel—p.13 13. Alfred Hoikes—p.13 14. Colin Bull—p.14 15. David Elliott—p.14 16. Robert Sharp—p.14, 15 17. Bert Crary—p.15, 17, 89 18. Mildred Crary—p.19 19. Harry Wexler—p.15, 16 20. Richard Hubley—p.16, 23 21. Chuck Sterns—p. 17 22. Phil Church—p.18, 22, 31, 41, 42, 108 23. Arne Hansen—p.18, 20, 35, 36, 38, 43, 46 24. Joe Fletcher—p.19, 57, 60, 70, 90, 91 25. Father Tom Cunningham—p.19 26. Fritz Awe—p.19, 23, 28 27. Morris Davidson—p.20, 77 28. Ken Hunkins—p.20, 22, 28, 37, 38, 39, 40, 56, 57 29. Terrence McDonald—p.20, 84 30. Lt. Colonel Stromquist—p.20 31. Joe Smith—p.20 32. Joseph Bilotta—p.20 33. Brian Freeman—p.20, 21 34. John Sader—p.24 35. Charlie Keeler—p.24 36. Tom English—p.26, 37 37. Frank Badgley—p.28 38. Bill Campbell—p.29, 36 39. George Cvijanovich—p.35 40. Walfried Ekman—p.38, 39, 40 41. Wieland Bieckness (?)—p.39 42. Hal Brayton—p.43 43. Max Brewer—p.44, 45, 53 44. Art Leckenbrook—p.46 45. Lawson Brigham—p.47 46. Major Joe Belota—p.48, 49 47. Jack Calvert—p.49 48. Sir Hubert Wilkins—p.52, 53 49. Lowell Thomas Sr.—p.52, 53, 54 50. Peter Froekin—p.52, 53 51. Bernt Balchen —p.53, 54 52. Prof. Charles Raymond—p.55 53. Allen Thorndike—p.55, 70, 71, 80 54. Gary Baker—p.55 55. Sam Kolbeck—p.55 56. Walt Whitman—p.55, 92 57. Admiral Bowen —p.57 58. Richard Goodie—p.58 59. Suki Manave—p.58, 62 60. Brooks Brian—p.58 61. Ned Ostenso—p.58, 62, 74 62. Bill Swenbeck—p.58 63. Dick Waters—p.59 64. Ross Burent—p.59, 60 65. Kurt Bryan—p.62, 63 66. Bert Boleen—p.63 67. John Kutzba—p.63 68. Joe Smagerinski—p.63 69. Jule Charney—p.63 70. Admiral Tom Owen—p. 65, 66, 67 71. Brian Shoemaker—p.1, 52, 64, 68, 69, 100 72. Dick Schauss—p.68, 69 73. Admiral Geiger—p.71, 72, 94, 96 74. Admiral Bachokle—p.72 75. Waldo Ryan—p.72, 73 76. Elliott Weinberg—p.74 77. Ferris Webster—p.74, 76 78. George Beckman—p.77, 82 79. Drew Rothrock—p.71, 77 80. Jamie Morrison—p.77 81. Dick Trobridge—p.77 82. Reid Parmutter—p.77 83. Jim Evans—p.77 84. Gary Macutt—p.77 85. Tom Grenfell—p.77 86. Bob Brown—p.70, 77 87. Ben Vogel—p.78 88. Bo Buck—p.78, 79 89. Roger Colony—p.78 90. Jim Baker—p.80, 81, 82 91. Ross Heath—p.82 92. Gordon McDonald—p.84 93. Al Gore—p.84 94. Walter Monk—p.85 95. Rita Coburn—p.88 96. Larry Gould—p.89 97. Paul Palmeroy—p.89 98. Nick Washburn—p.89 99. Bill Keel—p.89 100. Tom Jones—p.90, 91 101. Bob Rutford—p.71, 91 102. Ed. Todd—p.91, 97 103. Peter Wilkness—p.91, 92 104. Sherry Abbott—p.91, 92 105. Trishnakov—p.95 106. Ron McGregor—p.96, 97 107. Max Britten—p.96 108. Sydney Chapman—p.100, 109 109. Keith Roncort—p.100 110. Dr. Sofoo—p.101
          MXGP 3 The Official Motocross Videogame Xbox One        
Koe motocrossin adrenaliinihuuma pelaamalla mestaruussarjan ainoaa virallista videopeliä! MXGP3 – The Official Motocross Videogame tarjoaa unohtumattoman pelikokemuksen, sillä pelattavuus ja grafiikat ovat täysin uudet Unreal® Engine 4:n ansiosta! Aja 18 virallisella radalla ja jännittävässä MXoN:ssä kaikilla vuoden 2016 MXGP- ja MX2-kausien kuskeilla ja pyörillä, ja koe ensimmäisenä 10 eksklusiivisella kaksitahtipyörällä ajamisen riemu! Voit tehdä kuskistasi ja pyörästäsi ainutlaatuisen yli 300 virallisella kustomointiosalla!
          Emergency Ready Kit        

The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) recommends that all Americans have some basic supplies on hand in order to survive for at least three days if an emergency occurs. It is recommended that the Ready Kit should be assembled well in advance of an emergency.

The concept is to be able to survive for at least 72 hours until local officials and relief workers arrive on the scene. The disaster could be wide-spread and involve a lot of people that makes it difficult for relief workers to reach everyone immediately.

  • Water, one gallon per person per day for at least three daysFema ready logo2.jpg
  • Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
  • Battery powered or hand-crank radio and a NOAA weather radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First aid kit
  • Medications (prescription and basic)
  • Whistle to signal for help
  • Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter in place
  • Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Manual can opener for food
  • Local maps
  • Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger
  • Family and emergency contact information
  • Extra cash
  • Emergency blanket
  • Pet supplies if necessary

Click here for a print version of this list and additional items to consider adding to an emergency ready kit. The American Red Cross has a suggested list for first aid kits and has other items available for purchase at their online store.

          Feds urge residents to report dead wildlife and more wildlife health related news stories        

Melting Arctic Ice Releases Deadly Seal Parasite

A photo of a parasite.
Sarcocystis pinnipedi (dark purple) infecting the diaphragm of a ringed seal.
There is no evidence of inflammation in the tissue, in contrast to infection in
gray seal livers. Photo credit: Stephan Raverty | National Geogaphic.
When wildlife pathologists arrived at Hay Island off the coast of Nova Scotia in March 2012, they met an eerie sight. Of the thousands of silver and black-speckled gray seals that lay on the rocky outcrop, roughly a fifth were dead, despite showing no outward signs of disease.

Necropsies revealed that 406 dead seals were infested with a crescent moon-shaped parasite that had destroyed their livers, but it wasn't clear what the organism was or how the seals had contracted the parasite. Researchers revealed the parasite's identity here today at the annual meeting of AAAS, which publishes Science. They also explained how melting ice in the Arctic Circle is helping such pathogens disperse throughout the world's oceans.

14 Feb 2014
E Underwood


More Arctic News
>>> Is Climate Change Increasing the Disease Risk for Arctic Marine Mammals? [includes slide images]
>>> Arctic biodiversity under serious threat from climate change

Oil spills cause heart attacks in fish

While it’s certainly not news that oil spills harm fish, exactly how the oil causes fish harm is a complicated question that ecologists have been trying to answer. A study published Thursday in Science presents an explanation, and it’s nothing less than heartbreaking: The oil makes the fish go into cardiac arrest. The researchers are considering the possibility that oil might cause similar cardiac impacts in other forms of life—including us.

The study authors, who are affiliated with Stanford University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), had been studying lingering damage around the site of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Tuna became their test subject, due to the spill have occurred within a major spawning ground for the Gulf’s Atlantic bluefin tuna populations. And the tuna had suffered for it: A 2012 assessment had counted a spawning population 64% smaller than the baseline population of 1970.

Science Recorder
16 Feb 2014
R Docksai


Cited Journal Article
Fabien Brette et al. (2014). Crude Oil Impairs Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling in Fish. Science. 343(6172):772-776. DOI: 10.1126/science.1242747

Feds urge residents to report dead wildlife

With thousands of tons of coal ash in the Dan River, what are local nature lovers to do if they see dead or dying wildlife along the river? .... There have already been scattered reports of dead turtles in the Dan River, and the question of the spill’s affect on wildlife came up Tuesday night during a meeting with members of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s first responders.

14 Feb 2014
D Thibodeau


Coral bleaching makes fish behave recklessly

Fish on bleached coral reefs are fearless. Instead of staying hidden at home, they stray out, making them easy prey for predators.

Coral reefs are rich ecosystems, home to thousands of animals. But if the water gets too warm, the corals expel the algae that live in them, leaving them bleached and sometimes killing them. Climate change is making such bleaching events more commonMovie Camera.

Wondering how fish might be affected, Oona Lönnstedt of the Australian Research Council's centre for coral reef studies and her colleagues studied the behaviour of pallid damselfish (Pomacentrus amboinensis) on the Great Barrier Reef.

They released fish onto live and dead coral, and found that those on dead coral took more risks and moved further afield. And while the smell of an injured mate prompted fish on live coral to take cover, their counterparts didn't react. The death rate was 75 per cent higher on dead coral.

New Scientist
14 February 2014
S Sekar


Moose Health News
One Health News Corner

          Fukushima Radioactive Fallout in Alaska. Wildlife Health Implications and more wildlife health news stories        

UA researchers trace bat killer's path

White-Nose Syndrome poses threat of extinction; potential impact on agriculture

... The UA research identifies cold-loving, cave-dwelling fungi closely related to WNS, and where and how they spread, and how they survive. These findings help predict the future of North American bats —among them — the common Little Brown Bat, first seen with WSN in Ohio in March 2011.

Led by Hazel Barton, UA associate professor of biology and recognized as having one of the world's preeminent cave microbiology labs, the research points to a group of fungi related to WSN, which appears as a white, powdery substance on the muzzles, ears and wings of infected bats and gives them the appearance they've been dunked in powdered sugar. Since it was first discovered in hibernating bats in New York in winter 2006-07, WNS has spread across 22 states, including Ohio. In Vermont's Aeolus Cave, which once housed 800,000 bats, WSN wiped out the hibernation den's entire population.

In their research paper, "Comparison of the White-Nose Syndrome agent Pseudogymnoascus destructans to cave-dwelling relatives suggests reduced saprotrophic enzyme activity," published Jan. 22, 2014 by the PLOS ONE, Barton and UA post-doctoral fellow Hannah Reynolds compare two closely related fungi species and reveal common threads, including the discovery that the related fungi share the same nutritional needs.

Originally satisfied by cave soil, the fungus' nutritional source has now transferred to bats. Barton and her colleagues are zeroing in on when the fungus transferred from environment to bat and the consequences of the fungus' relentless ability to survive solely in caves, uninhabited by bats.

29 Jan 2014


Cited Journal Article
Reynolds HT, Barton HA (2014) Comparison of the White-Nose Syndrome Agent Pseudogymnoascus destructans to Cave-Dwelling Relatives Suggests Reduced Saprotrophic Enzyme Activity. PLoS ONE 9(1): e86437. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086437

Three new feline viruses raise questions about transmission and disease

Pathogen researchers at Colorado State University have discovered a family of cancer-causing viruses in several U.S. populations of bobcats, mountain lions and domestic cats, raising questions about whether the previously undetected viruses could be transmitted between cat species – and whether they might be the root cause of some cancers found in housecats.

...Wildlife ecologists collected blood samples from the bobcats and mountain lions in the course of separate studies related to the wild cats; they shared samples for the CSU study. Likewise, animal shelters across the United States collected and shared blood samples from domestic cats.

... In analyzing blood collected from wild and domestic cat populations in these regions, researchers identified the novel gamma herpes viruses in three species – and further discovered the bobcat virus in some mountain lions. The route of transmission remains unknown, but could occur when the animals fight in the wild, Troyer said.

Medical Xpress
01 Feb 2014
J Dimas


Fukushima Radioactive Fallout in Alaska. Wildlife Health Implications

Scientists present links between unusual Alaska seal deaths and Fukushima fallout — Skin lesions, hair loss, lethargy — ‘Pulsed release’ when built-up radionuclides were set free as ice melted — “Wildlife health implications” due to radiation exposure discussed

...During summer 2011 it became evident to coastal communities and wildlife management agencies that there was a novel disease outbreak occurring in several species of Arctic ice-associated seals. Gross symptoms associated with the disease included lethargy, no new hair growth, and skin lesions, with the majority of the outbreak reports occurring between the Nome and Barrow region. NOAA and USFWS declared an Alaska Northern Pinnipeds Usual Mortality Event (UME) in late winter of 2011.

The ongoing Alaska 2011 Northern Pinnipeds UME investigation continues to explore a mix of potential etiologies (infectious, endocrine, toxins, nutritious etc.), including radioactivity. Currently, the underlying etiology remains undetermined. We present results on gamma analysis (cesium 134 and 137) of muscle tissue from control and diseased seals, and discuss wildlife health implications from different possible routes of exposure to Fukushima fallout to ice seals.

Global Research News
27 Jan 2014


Other Wildlife Health Related News
One Health News Corner
Huh?! That's Interesting!

          Solar Bulletin        

The Solar Bulletin of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (ISSN 0271-8480) is the publication of record for observational data relating to sunspot and sudden ionospheric disturbance (SID) observations by Solar Section observers of the AAVSO.  The Solar Bulletin is published monthly in the calendar month following the cover date (i.e. the January issue is published in mid-February, and contains data for January).  It has been published regularly with few interruptions since 1944. 

The AAVSO Solar Bulletin is currently listed in the NASA ADS Abstract Service under journal code "AAVSB".  If you use AAVSO solar data or the bulletin in your publication, please cite the data accordingly; more importantly, please let us know that you use these data!  We would appreciate receiving a copy of any and all publications that reference AAVSO data; please send offprints or links to abstract pages to aavso@aavso.org.

Active solar observers receive a copy of the Solar Bulletin each month.  Institutions and other entities may subscribe to the Solar Bulletin for a fee.  See our subscriptions page for details.

Note that data from the AAVSO Solar Section are only available either via the Bulletin or via NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center.  We are working toward making these data available electronically via the AAVSO website in the very near future.

Solar Bulletin

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January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2014, Volume 70

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2013, Volume 69

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2012, Volume 68

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2011, Volume 67

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2010, Volume 66

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2009, Volume 65

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2008, Volume 64

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2007, Volume 63

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2006, Volume 62

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2005, Volume 61

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2004, Volume 60

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2003, Volume 59

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2002, Volume 58

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2001, Volume 57

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

2000, Volume 56

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1999, Volume 55

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1998, Volume 54

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1997, Volume 53

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1996, Volume 52

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1995, Volume 51

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1994, Volume 50

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1993, Volume 49

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1992, Volume 48

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1991, Volume 47

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1990, Volume 46

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1989, Volume 45

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1988, Volume 44

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1987, Volume 43

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1986, Volume 42

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1985, Volume 41

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1984, Volume 40

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1983, Volume 39

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1982, Volume 38

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1981, Volume 37

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1980, Volume 36

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1979, Volume 35

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1978, Volume 34

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1977, Volume 33

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1976, Volume 32

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1975, Volume 31

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1974, Volume 30

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1973, Volume 29

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1972, Volume 28

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1971, Volume 27

January, February, March, April, May, June,July (missing), August, September, October, November, December

1970, Volume 26

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1969, Volume 25

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1968, Volume 24

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1967, Volume 23

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1966, Volume 22

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1965, Volume 21

January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1964, Volume 20 (incomplete)

June, July, August, September, October, November, December

1963, Volume 19 (incomplete)

October, November

1962, Volume 18 (incomplete)


1959, Volume 15 (incomplete)

January-April, May-September

1958, Volume 14

January-June, July-September, October-December

1957, Volume 13

January-February, March-April, May-June, July-August, September-October, November-December

1956, Volume 12

January, February, March-April, May-June, July-August, September-October, November-December

1955, Volume 11

January, February, March-April, May, June-July, August-September, October-November, December

1954, Volume 10

January, February, March, April, May, June-July, August-September, October, November, December

1953, Volume 9

January, February, March, April, May, June, July (final 1953 issue published)

1952, Volume 8

January-February, March, April, May,

          Midday open thread: Dead Indian children returned to their homeland; broken US economy in one chart        

Today’s comic by Matt Bors is Obama couldn't have done this crap: 


• Remains of three Arapaho children who died at assimilationist school returned to their homeland: Capt. Richard H. Pratt, the founder of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, infamously said the solution for dealing with the Native population of America was to “Kill the Indian ... and save the man.” And he set out to do so by taking Indian children from their parents, from their tribes and indoctrinating them at Carlisle in Pennsylvania. Among those were the children taken along with Geronimo when the Apache leader surrendered his band of Chiricahuas for the last time in 1886. The school sought to take everything from them, their religions, their cultures, their mode of dress, even their names. All of them had their hair cut short. Over the years, children abducted and taken to the school to have the Indian in them killed included three Northern Arapahos: Little Chief, 14, who was renamed Dickens Nor; Horse, 11, renamed Horace Washington; and Little Plume, 9, renamed Hayes Vanderbilt. Within two years, they were all dead and buried in a small cemetery that eventually included nearly 200 Indian children who died there from 1879-1918. On Monday, with 15 relatives of the three as witnesses, the Army began excavating their graves preparatory to returning their remains to the Wind River Reservation in Wyoming that the Northern Arapaho now share with another tribe, their traditional enemies, the Eastern Shoshoni. The Rosebud Sioux of South Dakota have requested the remains of their children grabbed by Carlisle be returned.

The photo on the left shows Chiricahua Apache children taken to the Carlisle Indian Industrial School when Geronimo surrendered his band in Arizona for the last time in 1886. The photo on the right are the same children four months later. The school did to their insides pretty much what it did to their outsides. Of the 112 Apache children sent to Carlisle, 27 died in the first three years. Of the 12,000 children of 140 tribes forced into the school, only 158 reportedly graduated. Carlisle was the model for 26 BIA (and later the Bureau of Indian Education) boarding schools in 15 states and hundreds of private religious ones.

• David Leonhardt on Our Broken Economy in One Chart:

Many Americans can’t remember anything other than an economy with skyrocketing inequality, in which living standards for most Americans are stagnating and the rich are pulling away. It feels inevitable.

But it’s not.

A well-known team of inequality researchers — Thomas Piketty, Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman — has been getting some attention recently for a chart it produced. It shows the change in income between 1980 and 2014 for every point on the distribution, and it neatly summarizes the recent soaring of inequality.

You can see a larger version of this by clicking on the bulleted link above.



• July was the hottest on record for parts of Alaska and the Western United States:

The northernmost city in the United States just had its hottest July on record, as other spots in Alaska had their hottest month overall. Heat records also fell in a few western cities, as well as the fearsomely hot Death Valley, where July was the hottest month ever recorded on Earth.

Those hotspots stood out in what was the 10th hottest July on record for the Lower 48 states, topping off the second hottest year-to-date for the country by a hair, according to data released Tuesday by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Three states are having their hottest year on record more than halfway through the year, while several more are running in second or third place.

• Google employee (now ex-), who wrote that women’s brains are inferior, removes PhD reference from his Linked-In site: Geez. Isn’t this just perfect? 

The Wired writer Nitasha Tiku confirmed with Harvard on Tuesday that Damore had not completed his Ph.D.

Damore's biology studies became a crux of a right-wing argument that he had credibility in claiming that biological differences between men and women explained a lack of gender diversity at Google. However, he cited shoddy data from Wikipedia and various journal articles to back up some of those claims, and Business Insider's Dana Varinsky was able to debunk many of them.

          The Best Long Range Walkie Talkie        
In addition to producing inexpensive, short-range walkie-talkies for children to use as toys, manufacturers produce more expensive, long-range walkie-talkies, also known as 2 way radios, which people use in a variety of applications. For example, hikers and hunters use long-range walkie-talkies to communicate with each other. In addition to having ranges of multiple miles, the best long-range walkie-talkies offer multiple channels and have useful bonus features.
Midland GXT1000VP4
According to BestCovery.com, the Midland GXT1000VP4 walkie-talkie has a range of 36 miles and offers 50 channels, which allows you to browse for less-crowded channel options until your audio transmissions come through “crystal clear.” The walkie-talkie has a rugged design and can withstand water exposure for up to 30 minutes. With the Midland GXT1000VP4′s weather-scanning technology, you can receive local weather reports from the NOAA, or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as well as fire, Amber and bio-hazard alerts. Other features of the long-rang walkie-talkie include vibration alert and silent settings for optimizing stealth and an SOS emergency distress siren, which can be useful if you become lost or are in danger.
Motorola MR350
The Motorola MR350 long-range walkie-talkie has a range of 35 miles and offers 22 channels. Like the Midland GXT1000VP4, the Motorola MR350 picks up NOAA radio alerts, offers vibration alerts and silent operation settings and has a system for broadcasting an emergency alert siren. However, the Motorola MR350′s emergency system also allows you to broadcast a voice message or sounds from your surroundings in addition to the siren. Additional features of the walkie-talkie include a built-in LED, or light-emitting diode, flashlight and large, easy-to-use buttons.
          ÃŽn meciul dintre energiile fosile și cele regenerabile, scorul nu este încă decis        
Când am scris că NATO iese din joc. Se încălzește, pe margine, încălzirea globală (Actualizat 2), nu știam care va fi decizia „antrenorului-șef”: va fi lăsată încălzirea globală să rămână în jocul început la Paris in decembrie 2015, sau va fi scoasă pe tușă? Acum se cunoaște hotărârea „antrenorului” Trump: în ciuda numeroaselor „indicații prețioase” [...]
          Driving Commerce Data onto New Platforms…        

During the holiday season, more of us spend more time trying to think about how we gave back this year and commit to give back in the next year. Here at Commerce, we have information that can help you target that giving, and to make other decisions, and we have been working hard to bring you more ways you can get that information.

For example, Alexa, is the internal “personality” behind the Amazon Echo hands-free speaker that you control with your voice. And now, through a joint effort between the Commerce Data Service, the Census Bureau, Amazon Web Services, and developers who volunteered their expertise, a source of Echo’s “knowledge” is the Census Bureau’s API. And now, through Alexa, you can get direct access to its annual American Community Survey results—a wealth of data about who we are, where we live, how we live, what we do and what we earn.

Counselor Justin Antonipillai, Economics & Statistics Administration (left) and Chief Marketing Officer Jeff Meisel, U.S. Census Bureau

Counselor Justin Antonipillai, Economics & Statistics Administration (left) and Chief Marketing Officer Jeff Meisel, U.S. Census Bureau

Here I want to call out Amazon Web Services for hosting a team from Census—led by Jeff Meisel—and the Commerce Data Service, along with 70 volunteer developers in Seattle, for the Amazon Alexa Open Data Skills Challenge. Software developers and civic hackers had the chance to build innovative solutions that connect open data with voice recognition. The goal was to bring Census data to the Alexa voice platform to make the device even more helpful—and the data easier to obtain.

Russell Lyons, a member of the Census team that participated in the Alexa challenge, created a Census Data Skill for the device that makes the most common Census website search results now accessible through voice recognition.

Now, for example, if you ask Alexa:

  • “What is the population of Maryland?” or
  • “What is the state’s medium income?” or
  • “What is the poverty rate?”

Right now with the Census Data skill enabled, the answer you get will be driven off of data directly from the Commerce Department.

The developers at the Alexa Open Data Skills Challenge did not stop there:

One Alexa challenge team developed a tool they dubbed “Gripe,” which used Census data including commute times, the number of unmarried people by gender, and data from NOAA allowing users to “gripe” about their drive to work, their love life or the weather, and Alexa would suggest where the user might like to live instead. Another team used USPTO data to ask Alexa if their idea for a new product or service has already been patented.

Census Bureau Chief Data Officer Zach Whitman speaks to participants on the first day of the Alexa Open Data Skills Challenge

Census Bureau Chief Data Officer Zach Whitman speaks to participants on the first day of the Alexa Open Data Skills Challenge

The Census-Alexa challenge goes to a key goal in democratizing public data: To give people access to the data in whichever medium they prefer. While large consulting firms and data experts may be comfortable getting data via an API, a larger audience simply wants to access our data seamlessly via their consumer devices in both text and voice searches.

The outpouring of help from the digital sector to harness public data for the public good brings to mind the old “Wesley Rule”: “Do all the good you can, by all the means you can, in all the ways you can, in all the places you can, at all the times you can, to all the people you can, as long as ever you can.”

In that light, I’m grateful to everyone who answered the call to turn data into action: The developers who built apps to help people secure affordable housing, jobs and gender pay equality. The digital game-changers spurred by the White House Opportunity Project. The Presidential Innovation Fellows and amazing talents behind GSA’s 18F program, the US Digital Service, and the Commerce Data Service and the Commerce Data Advisory Council. And digital sector leaders and innovators like Amazon.

We’re deep in the “season of giving,” when we come together in a spirit of shared humanity, generosity and service to humankind. I am inspired completely dissolved by how many people have joined our mission, responded to our call to action, and put their talents and creative minds to work to harness public data to make our government, nation, and people’s lives better.

And try our new Alexa skill, driven straight off of Commerce data.


Justin Antonipillai—Counselor to Secretary Penny Pritzker, with the Delegated Duties of the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs

          Innovations in Training at Commerce        

Leonardo DaVinci.  Paul Revere.  Ben Franklin.  Vincent Van Gogh.  Elvis Presley.  David Beede.  April Blair. William Hawk. Andrea Julca.  Karlheinz Skowronek. Patricia Tomczyszyn.

Which names don’t seem to belong with the others?  Trick question.  While DaVinci and other names obviously are famous, the backgrounds of all of these women and men have something major in common: They trained as apprentices.

Cover image of the The Benefits and Costs of Apprenticeships: A Business Perspective report.DaVinci and Van Gogh apprenticed as painters.  Revere, as a silversmith and Franklin, as a printer.  Elvis apprenticed not as a singer, but as an electrician.  As for Beede, Blair, Hawk, Julca, Skowronek and Tomczyszyn, they are all Commerce Department employees who trained on the job in data analysis, discovery and visualization at the Commerce Data Academy.  (More on this in a bit.)

This past November included National Apprenticeship Week, and as US Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez said, “Apprenticeships are experiencing a modern renaissance in America because the earn-while-learn model is a win-win proposition for workers looking to punch their ticket to the middle-class and for employers looking to grow and thrive in our modern global economy.”

The first-time study of the business benefits and costs of apprenticeships by ESA’s Office of Chief Economist and Case Western University underscores the point.  Key findings of the full report from 13 case studies include:

  • Companies turned to apprenticeships most often when they simply could not find skilled workers off the street locally.
  • Filling hard-to-fill jobs was the single most common benefit of apprenticeships.
  • Companies adapt apprenticeships to meet their unique needs.

The report also looked at the relative costs and benefits at two companies.  Siemens finds an 8 percent return on investment to its apprenticeship program relative to hiring skilled workers.  The Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Centers apprenticeships helped to reduce unpopular, unproductive, expensive overtime work from medical providers and to increase booked hours, which together more than paid for the apprentices.

ApprenticeshipUSA Toolkit - Advancing Apprenticeship as a Workforce StrategyOverall, the companies studied were unanimous in their support of registered apprenticeships.  They found value in the program and identified benefits that more than justified the costs and commitments to the apprentices.

The Labor Department’s ApprenticeshipUSA program offers tools and information to employers and employees about adopting the age-old earn-while-learning model for 21st century workforce needs.

Meanwhile, Commerce is helping to pioneer a hands-on, data-centric instructional model for the federal government by establishing our Commerce Data Academy – winner of the FedScoop 50 Tech Program of the Year for 2016.

Launched by the Commerce Data Service, the Data Academy’s goal is to empower more Commerce employees to make data-driven decisions, advancing the data pillar of Secretary Penny Pritzker’s “Open for Business” strategy and bringing a data-driven approach to modernizing government.

The Academy began as a pilot last January to test demand for training in data science, data engineering and web development training.  The pilot offered classes in agile development, HTML & CSS, Storytelling with Data, and Excel at Excel. 

Commerce Data Academy - Educating and empowering Commerce Employees.

We crossed our fingers for at least 30 pilot enrollees.  We were thrilled to receive 422 registrations, and initial classes posted a nearly 90 percent attendance rate. 

This overwhelming response told us: We needed to officially launch the Academy. 

So we did, and to date, we have presented 20 courses (two more are coming) with topics from agile development, to storytelling with data, to machine learning, to programming in Python. We have more than 1,900 unique Commerce registrants and nearly 1,100 unique attendees so far.

For the truly committed (and talented), the Academy offers an in-depth residency program that features a chance to work alongside data scientists and professional developers within the Commerce Data Service.  Residents must tough through an immersive boot camp to prepare for a three-month detail, but the reward is a chance to work on a high-priority problem or need identified by their home bureaus.

The first class of 13 residents recently graduated, and their bureaus are thrilled with the data-oriented products they have created – several featured at the recent Opportunity Project Demo Day and the Commerce Data Advisory Council (CDAC) meeting – and they’ve been instrumental in many of the Commerce Data Service’s award-winning innovations.

We really appreciated the additional feedback from CDAC’s digital thought leaders who encouraged us to spread the word out about our academy, join the online digital education community, harness the alumni network as it grows, and keep teaching our grads. 

Back Row L-R: Kevin Markham (Instructor, General Assembly); Steven Finkelstein (Census); Dmitri Smith (BIS); William Hawk (ESA); David Garrow (Census); Adam Bray (Instructor, General Assembly); David Beede (ESA). Front Row L-R: Karlheinz Skowronek (PTO), April Blair (PTO), Tanya Shen (BEA), Stephen Devine (EDA), Laura Cutrer (NOAA), and Patricia Tomczyszyn (MBDA). Not pictured: Amanda Reynolds (ITA), Gregory Paige (OS), Andrea Julca (BEA), Jennifer Rimbach (MBDA) Photograph: Dr. Tyrone Grandison.

Back Row L-R: Kevin Markham (Instructor, General Assembly); Steven Finkelstein (Census); Dmitri Smith (BIS); William Hawk (ESA); David Garrow (Census); Adam Bray (Instructor, General Assembly); David Beede (ESA). Front Row L-R: Karlheinz Skowronek (PTO), April Blair (PTO), Tanya Shen (BEA), Stephen Devine (EDA), Laura Cutrer (NOAA), and Patricia Tomczyszyn (MBDA). Not pictured: Amanda Reynolds (ITA), Gregory Paige (OS), Andrea Julca (BEA), Jennifer Rimbach (MBDA) Photograph: Dr. Tyrone Grandison.

Data skills are invaluable in the 21st century digital economy, and we want to do our part to advance America’s economy and competitiveness. 

Jake Schwartz, CEO and co-founder of the education startup General Assembly (a collaborator in setting up the initial Commerce Data Academy courses), recently told CNBC that the number-one skill that employers demand now is around data science, development and analytics.  This demand is driving new opportunities for rewarding jobs and careers in data.  But not just for digital and data professionals.  Everyone, in almost every industry and every job, and every level, including CEOs, will need a basic grounding. 

“An investment in knowledge,” onetime apprentice Ben Franklin said, “pays the best interest.” 

Franklin’s employers who invested in his printing apprenticeship certainly never imagined that he would leverage his trade to help found a nation.  Who knows how the Commerce Data Academy will launch David Beede, April Blair, William Hawk, Andrea Julca, Karlheinz Skowronek, Patricia Tomczyszyn and other alumni – current and future – to a future that could change the world. 

Thanks for reading.


Justin Antonipillai - Counselor to Secretary Penny Pritzker, with the Delegated Duties of the Under Secretary for Economic Affairs

          Putting Government Data to Work: A New Report From The GovLab Outlines Private Sector Recommendations for Improving Commerce Department Data Management        

The Governance Lab (GovLab) at New York University today released “Realizing The Potential of Open Government Data: A Roundtable with the U.S. Department of Commerce,” a report on findings and recommendations for ways the U.S. Commerce Department can improve its data management, dissemination and use. The report summarizes a June 2014 Open Data Roundtable, co-hosted by The GovLab and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy with the Commerce Department, which brought together Commerce data providers and 25 representatives from the private sector and nonprofit organizations for an action-oriented dialogue on data issues and potential solutions. The GovLab is convening a series of other Open Data Roundtables in its mission to help make government more effective and connected to the public through technology.

“We were honored to work with the White House and the Department of Commerce to convene this event,” said Joel Gurin, senior advisor at The GovLab and project director of the Open Data 500 and the Roundtable Series. “The Department's commitment to engaging with its data customers opens up great opportunities for public-private collaboration.”

Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs Mark Doms said, “At the Commerce Department, we are only at the beginning of our open data effort. We share the goals and objectives embodied by the call of the Open Data 500: to deliver data that is valuable to industry and that provides greater economic opportunity for millions of Americans.”

This GovLab report is designed to encourage further dialogue, participation and collaboration between the Department’s data providers and its data users and stakeholders. The GovLab has identified seven key areas for Commerce Department improvement based on the Roundtable participants’ discussion:

  • Data Discovery and Findability
  • Data Access
  • Data Quality
  • Data Collection and Sharing
  • Data Interoperability
  • Data Storage and Dissemination
  • Data Users as Customers

The GovLab report also includes commitments that the Commerce Department has already made in response to discussions during the Roundtable, as well as opportunities for the private sector and civil society organizations to contribute feedback and solutions. As a result of the Roundtable, several Commerce Department bureaus – the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the International Trade Administration (ITA), and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) – have also made concrete commitments to improve their data policies and management practices.

In July, Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker announced the expansion and enhancement of Commerce data programs, which was based in part on feedback from the Open Data Roundtable participants. Specifically, the Department will hire its first-ever Chief Data Officer, who will be responsible for developing a plan for the future of the data resources at Commerce and ensure that data dissemination is coordinated, comprehensive and strategic. The Commerce Department is also creating a Data Advisory Council, which will be comprised of 15 private sector leaders to advise the Department on the best use of its data, including accessibility and usability.

The Commerce Department’s “Open for Business Agenda,” unveiled in November 2013, prioritizes unleashing more government data to help business leaders make the best possible decisions, while creating fertile ground for more startups. The strategic data goal calls for data producers within the Department to listen to suggestions from those already using Commerce data and to get the private sector’s guidance on where the federal government can unlock the greatest value in its data sets.

The GovLab's research helps connect government and the private sector through its Open Data 500 study of companies that use open government data as a key business resource. Companies from this study that use Commerce data were invited to the Roundtable. The Open Data 500 study is supported by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. To learn more about The GovLab, visit http://thegovlab.org/.

This news release is cross-posted on the DOC website: http://www.commerce.gov/news/press-releases/2014/10/15/putting-governmen...

          Peningkatan Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan        
Upaya siaga penanggulangan kebakaran hutan dan lahan di Riau menunjukan perkembangan yang baik. Laporan rekapitulasi pantauan hotspot oleh Satuan Tugas Siaga Darurat Bencana Asap Provinsi Riau berdasar pantauan dari Satelit NOAA.18, pada periode Bulan Juli 2014 terpantau ada 66 jumlah hotspot di 12 kab/kota di Riau, yaitu meliputi Kab. Rokan Hilir, Kab. Rokan Hulu, Kota Dumai, Kab. Bengkalis, Kab. Meranti, Kab. Siak, Kota Pekanbaru, Kab. Kampar, Kab. Pelalawan, Kab. Indragiri Hulu, Kab. Indragiri Hilir, dan Kab. Kuansing.

Perkembangan hotspot di Provinsi Riau terus dipantau dari hari ke hari. Upaya untuk mengatasi masalah kebakaran hutan dan lahan di Provinsi Riau ini dilakukan dengan pembagian tugas yaitu Satgas Darat, Satgas Udara, Satgas Perawatan dan Kesehatan serta Satgas Penegakan Hukum. Pembagian tugas tersebut dilakukan sebagai langkah komperhensif dalam penanganan Darurat Bencana Asap Provinsi Riau. Satgas Darat berfungsi memadamkan titik api secara manual dengan pengerahan personil yang dibantu oleh TNI AD. 

Selengkapnya dapat diunduh pada tautan berikut : Siaga Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di Riau


          Trump’s proposed 2018 budget takes an ax to science research funding        

Some programs see increases, but most face sharp cuts

Science & the Public
budget document

BUDGET BLUEPRINT  The Trump administration’s budget proposal for fiscal year 2018 calls for sharp cuts to many federal science agencies and programs. Research on climate and clean energy would be especially hammered.

Tornadoes in the southeast, Earth’s magnetic field and obesity might not seem to have much in common. Well, now they do.

Under President Donald Trump’s 2018 budget proposal, federal research spending into all three areas — and many others — would decline abruptly. The president delivered his budget request to Congress on May 23, presenting the sharpest picture yet of his administration’s priorities for federal science spending. Some science and technology programs within agencies would see their funds increase, but the administration recommends extensive cuts to basic research overall. The request greatly expands on the “skinny budget” the administration released in March (SN: 4/15/17, p. 15).  

Total federal research spending would be slashed by about 17 percent, Rush Holt, CEO of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, said in a conference call with reporters. “If the White House budget plan were to become law, it would devastate America’s science and technology enterprise.” 

For many science agencies and programs, the outlook appears stark. Some examples:

  • The National Science Foundation, which funds research in all fields of science and engineering, would face an 11 percent cut.
  • The U.S. Geological Survey’s budget would be cut by 15 percent.
  • The National Institute of Standards and Technology, where research includes cybersecurity and nanotechnology, would face a 23 percent cut.
  • The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s primary research arm, which investigates weather, climate and ocean resources, would be cut 32 percent.
  • The Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Science & Technology would be cut by 37 percent.
  • The budget proposes a 16 percent cut for the Department of Energy’s Office of Science, the largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences.
  • The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention would take a 17 percent cut.
  • Food and Drug Administration funding (not including revenue from user fees) would be cut by 30 percent.
  • The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service would fall 22 percent.
  • And, as expected, the National Institutes of Health’s budget would be slashed 22 percent.

Those numbers don’t mean much just yet — they are just a starting point for a long and winding route through the political process. But the details do provide more information about what programs and areas of research could be in trouble.

Story continues after table

Budget request fiscal year 2018

The president's proposed 2018 budgets for select science agencies (in $ billions) 

Agency2017 enacted budget2018 budget proposalChange 2017 to 2018
Science & Technology0.710.45-37%
National Cancer Institute5.694.47-21%
National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Disease4.913.78-23%
Earth Science1.921.75-9%
Planetary Science1.851.934.5%
Oceanic and Atmospheric Research0.510.35-32%
National Weather Service1.121.06-6%
DOE (Office of Science)5.344.47-16%
USDA-Agricultural Research Service1.270.99-22%
Source: OMB, AAAS
† Does not include user fees

NSF’s grant programs, for example, would lose $776 million, dropping the overall budget from $7.5 billion to $6.65 billion. As a result, the agency estimates that in fiscal year 2018, the proposed funds would support about 8,000 new research grant awards, about 800 fewer than in 2016. Among the NSF-funded programs facing potentially severe reductions are clean energy research and development and the Ocean Observatories Initiative, an array of marine and seismic sensors scattered across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans that is  expected to provide some of the most detailed ocean measurements to date (SN: 10/19/13, p. 22). The project would see its NSF funding slashed by 44 percent.

A bright spot: The request leaves funding flat for LIGO, which discovered gravitational waves in 2016 (SN: 3/5/16, p. 6). Planned, continued upgrades to the project’s laser interferometer systems are still on, NSF director France Córdova said May 23 at a budget presentation at NSF headquarters in Arlington, Va. NSF has invested about $1.1 billion in the project. “It was the biggest investment NSF has made to date, and it was a big risk,” Córdova said.

Many in the scientific community say the proposed cuts would significantly undermine the nation’s global leadership role in advancing science. And they doubt the administration’s argument that the private sector would make the necessary investments in basic science research.

“Candidly, shareholders are not interested in funding research, which tends to be costly, very long-term and very risky,” said retired aerospace executive Norman Augustine during the AAAS conference call. “Research is a public good.… The rewards tend to go to the public as a whole, and therefore research really warrants government support.”

Funding for DOE’s energy programs, including research into efficiency and renewable energy, would fall about 60 percent. One of those programs, the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, would be eliminated. The administration defends phasing out the roughly $300 million ARPA-E, which funds research on risky but promising energy technologies, by saying the private sector is “better positioned” to finance such research.

Within the DOE Office of Science, the biological and environmental research program, which studies climate modeling among other things, faces the steepest cut — 43 percent, a drop from $612 million to $349 million. High-energy physics research would see an 18 percent reduction, but the program for advanced scientific computing would get an 11 percent bump.

Environmental research would suffer at NOAA, with the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research facing sweeping cuts. Funding for climate research would drop 19 percent, weather and air chemistry research 25 percent and ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research by 49 percent. Programs potentially shuttered include:

  • Air Resources Laboratory, which researches air chemistry, mercury deposition and the movement of harmful materials through the atmosphere.
  • VORTEX-Southeast, a tornado detection and warning program for the southeastern United States.
  • The Marine Mammal Commission, an independent agency formed in 1972 to help protect marine animals and their habitats.

At USGS, the roughly $1.9 million geomagnetism program would be zeroed out. It monitors changes in Earth’s magnetic field, providing data that help NOAA and the U.S. Air Force track magnetic storms due to solar activity. Such storms can disrupt radio communication, GPS systems and, if severe enough, the electric power grid. The agency’s Climate and Land Use Change program, renamed the Land Resources program, would see a 24 percent cut. Most of the funding for a carbon sequestration research program, about $8 million, would be eliminated, with the rest, about $1.5 million, being redirected to the energy and minerals program. That division would see about a 2 percent increase overall.

Health programs and biomedical research would face big challenges under Trump’s budget. At CDC, $1.2 billion would be slashed from the agency’s overall budget. The request proposes cutting $163 million from the agency’s chronic disease prevention programs, which aim to reduce incidence of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and obesity. Prevention programs for domestic HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis face a $183 million decrease in funding.

NIH’s overall budget would fall from the enacted 2017 level of $34.6 billion to $26.9 billion. Some of the most striking cuts:

  • National Cancer Institute — $1.2 billion
  • National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute — $672 million.
  • National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases — $1.1 billion.
  • National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases — $421 million.

Congress, however, recently boosted NIH funding — at least for fiscal year 2017 — providing an additional $2 billion over the next five months.

That’s an important reminder that many of the programs facing extensive reductions or elimination have allies on Capitol Hill, a potentially comforting thought for those alarmed by the president’s request. “We’re counting on Congress to, once again, say no to these recommendations,” Mary Woolley, president of the health and medical research advocacy group Research!America, said in the AAAS conference call.

Not all science agencies or programs are threatened. For instance, NASA’s planetary science division would see a funding bump. The final 2017 spending agreement, which Congress recently passed, had already increased the division’s budget from $1.63 billion to $1.85 billion. In Trump’s proposal, that number is nudged even higher, to $1.93 billion. As expected, the administration supports a flyby mission to Europa, one of Jupiter’s moons. The president has requested $425 million for the project, a 55 percent increase from the 2017 enacted level of $275 million.

“We’re pleased by our top-line number of $19.1 billion, which reflects the president’s confidence in our direction and the importance of everything we’ve been achieving,” said NASA acting administrator Robert Lightfoot.

But the agency would lose about 9 percent of its earth science budget, slightly more than expected. Grants for earth science research would be cut, and NASA’s Carbon Monitoring System, which Congress directed the space agency to form in 2010, would be axed. Five space-based earth science projects would also be eliminated. Those projects are meant, in part, to provide data to help understand various aspects of Earth’s climate and how it is changing.

Trump’s budget proposal will not get passed by Congress unchanged. Still, the administration’s lack of support for basic federal research overall has alarmed many scientists and their supporters.  

“Science research has been the source of improvements in public health, in our energy, in our quality of life, in our agriculture and ability to feed ourselves and the world,” said Holt. “What we see is not just a reduction in government programs. What we see is a failure to invest in America.”

          Surf report menu        
NWS Multiple buoy acces This National Weather Service site allows you to just move your mouse over different buoys to see the basic height and wave-period aspects of the swell data. NOAA WIND MODELS CAPE CANAVERAL BUOY ST. AUGUSTINE BUOY NOAA EAST COAST WAVE MODEL JAX TO FLAGLER WAVE MODEL FLAGLER TO CANAVERAL WAVE MODEL NEW WEB LINKS TO SURF Here are the new, surfy links to scope out. They'll be added to the list in the Cyber Surf Shop eventually. This list features almost 200 surfboard maker's homepages and other resources for wave-sliding. Ola Surfboards This Web site is for a surfboard shop in Italy, just in case. Wave Skater is a new body board design with a slightly different looking, channeled hull and rails. Surf Maps, is you guessed it, a site loaded with maps to surfing coasts, but you have to buy them. The Surfer's Journal ran a story about some surfboards built by an industrial designer that are totally alien looking and work in the waves. Check them out at Thomas Meyerhoffer's web site. Also from the most recent Surfer's Journal issue, a new shipping container for surfboards is being made called SurfboardPack.

          Cyber Surf Shop and more links        
175 links and growing... If you know of a surf label with its own Web site that should be on this list and isn't, submit it by posting a comment. LEGENDARY NAMES Surfboards or works of art? Bruce Jones Surfboards The Endless Summer dude. Robert August boards That other Endless Summer dude. Sweet fish shapes. Michael Hynson Surfboards Wanna surf a Donald Takayama? Hawaiian Pro Designs These ain’t your dad’s Hobie Alters. Hobie Shapes the longboard champ’s ride, retros and more. Stewart Surfboards All shapes from a historic San Diego label. Gordan & Smith 24 shapes endorsed by a magical surfer. Joel Tudor Boards from a true pioneer. Dewey Weber Lightning bolts, tow-ins and more. Gerry Lopez Surfboards Gotta Hawaiin surf spot named for you? Dale does. Surfboards By Velzy You probably want a longboard from this guy. Dick Brewer Surfboards Australian icon Wayne Lynch's brand. Evolution WOOD BOARDS Expensive but beautiful kits and finished boards from paipo to log. Grain Surfboards Redwood and balsa shapes. Eaton Surfboards From ancient Hawaiian shapes to fish. Tom Wegener Surfboards Unreal, exquisite hollow woodies. Paul Jensen Surfboards Redwood planks and balsa models. Born Again Boards Solid balsa and redwood. Chuck Bassett Custom balsa’s at Ron Jons. Jeri Custom Balsawoods Hollow, solid and foam-core balsas from Oz. Riley Balsa’s from Satellite Beach. Balsa Bill Custom balsas from Carlsbad, Cali. Mack Surfboards How about a solid Agave board? Linden Surfboards Santa Cruz classics. Johnny Rice LONGBOARDS Credited with resurrecting longboards, has all shapes now. Walden Surfboards Seal Beach, Cali., since 1959. Beautiful work. Harbour Surfboards San Diego guns, logs and funshapes. Eaton Surfboards Legend? Yes. Longboards? Definitely. "Renny" Yater Family tree mother branch, Hap Jacobs. (Under Construction.) Hap Jacobs Surf Original noseriding legend. David Nuuhiwa Surfboards Some say he was really “First in Foam.” Dave Sweet Surfboards New label from family of the Duke. Kahanamoku Sons Legendary island label, iconic triple stringers. Surfboards Hawaii Mostly longboards. Classic Cali. Con Surfboards Crescent City, Cali., models. Rhyn Noll Surfboards Absolutely gorgeous Rincon-area retros. Cooperfish Surfboards Ventura, Calif., classic designs. Mobley Surfboards Famed longboards, but have lots of shapes. Pearson Arrow Surfboards Two-piece longboards buit to travel. Pope Bisect New York shop with all shapes, really. Bunger Really sweet shapes, paints from Costa Mesa,Calif. Dano Surfboards Bing Copeland started on the Pacific Coast Highway in 1959. Bing Surfboards PRO RIDES Kelly Slater’s ride. Channel Islands Al Merrick's new logo. Anacapa Can’t go wrong with this medicine. Surf Prescriptions Not just Hawaiian, world class. Hawaiian Island Creations The official Jeff Bushman site. Bushman Surfboards Put an ace of spades in your quiver. Kechel Surfboards Blue-chip label from a variety of big names. Ripcurl boards Signature grooved deck to reduce buoyancy in rails. Stretch Surfboards Another group of high profile names for this major label. Billabong boards Preisendorfer, as in Rusty. That says it all. Rusty Tractor logo. Andy Irons’ ride. This is it. JS Industries Tim Bessell custom shapes. Bessell Mayhem and Chili's versions. Lost... Mark Richard's version. Lost... That Chilli pepper logo. (Under Construction) Chilli Surfboards Attitude included. Rat Surfboards Big name from Santa Cruz. M10 Surfboards Loads of styles. Loads of style. Xanadu Surf Designs Hawaiian heavy. JC Hawaii That rocket logo. It’s pronounced “take off.” Teqoph Surfboards RETRO STYLES Five fins, channeled bottoms? The Cambell brother’s original. Bonzer Surfboards inspired by the 70s surf flick. Morning of the Earth Surfboards Knock out resin tints, gorgeous lines. Rainbow Surfboards More than just groovy. Plastic Machine Surfboards ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS & SHAPES Looks like an alien shape. Jet Bottoms Hemp and cotton cloth, hollow balsas. Ocean Green Full-on space aged internal frames. Hydro Epic Displacement hulls, flex fins. Say what? A must read. Liddle Surfboards The one and only Nugget shape. McCoy Surfboards Patagonia magnate, Fletcher Chouinard’s composite boards. Point Blanks Parabolic rail stringers. Firewire Surfboards A tail with springs in it. Surf Syndicate Hollow carbon fibers. Aviso Surf Built like airplane wings or UFOs? Salomon S-Cores Balsa, redwood, cedar and foam composite. GR Designs Soft tops for serious surfing. Tom Morey Tougher contruction’s by name-brand shapers. Surftech Epoxies from 6’2” to 10’ South Point Epoxies from 4’9” to 11’ NSP Aerated Cellular Structure tech equals indestructible. Bic Sport Surfboards FLORIDA SHAPERS Port Orange in the house! Klein Surfboards A Cocoa Beach master. Natural Art Flagler Beach shaper. maTTz Surfboards A real New Smyrna kahuna. Wooster Surfboards Still working on their site, but... Quiet Flight Flagler Beach’s world champ. Queen of the pier. Zamba Surfboards Atlantic Beach shop. Whisnat Surfboards St. Augustine shapes. Inspired Surfboards. Power to the Peeples. Erie Surfboards Melbourne labels. Cannibal Surf Space Coast shaper.Tom Neilson Shapes Daytona Beach rockers. Clever Surfboards Fernandina Beach house. Cyclone Surfboards EAST COAST RIDES Virgnia Beach icon. Wave Riding Vehicles North Carolina shop. AJW Surfboards GULF COAST Texas sticks of all shapes and sizes. Superior Surfboards Never seen a channeled bottom like this. Fry Surfboards THE HAWAIIAN BUNCH All style. All business. Town & Country Mostly guns. Casey Surf Designs Nothing says Hawaii like it. Aloha Surfboards A top dog name, bruddah. Ben Aipa North Shore bro, Jeff Johnston. Shapes Hawaii Another North Shore all star. Pyzel Surfboards Ridden at Jaws, a Maui address and a variety of shapes. Timpone Surfboards Maui wowie. Elua Makani Craig Kawamura shapes. CK Surfboards CALIFORNIA COOL Namesake label of Nor Cal’s surf city USA. SC Handshaped from Encinitas, retros, long dogs and shorties. Free Spirit Surfboards One of San Diego's big dogs. Kane Garden Hometown shop of the Dana Point mafia. Infinity Surfboard Encino man. Encinitas Surfboards Major label from Hermosa Beach. Sypder Surf Fish with home breaks of Trestles, Malibu, Huntington. 9 Fish Surf San Clemente shop. Cole Surfboards Name a shape. They make it. Channin Surf Hermosa Beach shaping bay. Stickman Surf Redondo Beach shop with lots of shapes. Fuego Surf Another Cali guru. Linden Surfboards Oceanside. Streetsmart. Chemsitry Surfboards San Diegan ridden world wide. Sharp Eye Surfboards Are you west coast on the schneid? Schneider Surfboards You stay classy San Diego. Christenson Surfboards Who’s ridden these? Machado. Kalani Robb. Sauritch Surfboards Newbury Park, Cali., shapers. Barker Surfboards From the home of the Banana Slugs. That's Santa Cruz, yo. Schroedel San Francisco Bay-area boards. Natural Curves Self-taught San Diego shaper. TDK Surfboards Another Dana Point heavy. Ellis Surfboards Marina Del Rey biz with nice shape selection. Anderson Surfboards Limited Southern Cal menu. Roberts Surf Hermosa Beach shop who’s chief is in Noosa Head, Australia. Wegener Surfboards Carpenteria surf shop and shaping bay. JHR Surfboards Ventura, Calif., high performance. Proctor Surf Costa Mesa shop. Cordell Miller Surfboards Big, big name from San Clemente. TPatterson Surfboards Another Costa Mesa shop. DT Surf Beautiful Ventura boards. Dennis Ryder Surfboards Nothing says Hawaiian like it, but it's from Cali, bro. Ukulele Surfboards Santa Barbara home of McCrystal and the Soul Octopus. Beatty Products PACIFIC NORTHWEST British Columbia boards. Sitka Surfboards Oregon shapes. Seven Surfboards Another Oregon crew. Hammer Surf Lincoln City, Oregon EPS shapes. Russo Surfboards THE BRONZED AUSSIES He started in the 60s and helped spearhead the shortboard revolution. McTavish North Coast boards. Bear Surfboards Won a world title on a twin fin. Mark Richards Surfboards No they’re not see-through. Clear Surfboards Darren Handley boards. Base Surfboards Gold Coast performance shapes. Lowen88 Aussies with a Cali shop, too. Mad Surf Tom Carroll rides on this team. Enough said. Byrne Surf Specializing in custom jobs. Stramger Surfboards Brookvale, Australia. Misfit Shapes What's in a name. Pedigree. History. Legend. Watercooled Surfboards Dale Chapman’s label. Chapman Surfboards SOUTH AFRICAN STICKS “Dream” boards. Wave Scape Cape Town shaper. 33 Srf J-Bay shop. Jigsaw Surfboards Mas Africaners. HH Surfboards When they safari, they mean it. Safari Surf Yet another shark biscuit. Billeon Still more from the dark continent. Bilt Surf NEW ZEALAND Location, location, location. Season Surfboards Team Jamaica's label. Quashi IRELAND Remember your wetsuit. Power Source Surfboards GERMANY Olas uber alas! Norden-Surfboards BRASIL Can you read Portugese? FM Surf PANAMA Surf the canal! Boa Surfboards BRITAIN There are loads more Brit shapes, but check these tail stringers! SKUA Surfboards STAND-UP PADDLEBOARDS Ku Ku Hoe’s. Hawaiian for “stand up paddle.” Infinity The kind Laird Hamilton and crew ride. Pohakus More Hawaiian stand-ups. Paddle Surf Hawaii Here's a list of more links for all things surfer. If you think of any more surfy sites that should be included, send in a suggestion by posting a comment and I'll take a look. LOCAL SURF DOCUMENTARY The photo-documentary "When We Were Kings" is about New Smyrna Beach surfing in the 80s. It's by J. Patrick Altes. WEATHER LINKS NOAA wave models NOAA St. Augustine buoy NOAA Canaveral buoy NOAA wind flow vector model National Weather Service marine forecasts NOAA Northwest Atlantic water vapor loop satellite SURF REPORTS & CAMS New Smyrna Beach cam Daytona Beach cam East Coast Cams Sunglow Pier cam Cocoa Beach based 2nd Light report Melbourne Beach wave gague St. Augustine based The Surf Station report Daytona Beach based Pier Monkey report Gulf coast report Rep Your Break's Jacksonville Pier report Fluid Groove's Jacksonville Beach report Rep Your Break's Daytona Beach Pier report Dade County surf report South Florida report Southern North Carolina reports Links and more on EastCoastSurf.com Ross's Cocoa and Idiatlantic report Red Dog's New Smyrna report 16 Streets Cocoa report Surf Consolidator northeast Florida reports NATIONAL FORECASTS Surfline WaveWatch Wet Sand Magic Seaweed COSTA RICA Nosara, Costa Rica Costa Rica surf map BAJA LINKS Scorpion Bay campground Web site COMPETITION ASP World Tour ASP North America regional tour Eastern Surfing Association National Scholastic Surfing Association ZINES & CLEARINGHOUSES Surfing The Mag Surfer Magazine Global Surfers Surfers Village surfing news Swaylock's surfboard design forum Surf Expo! MAPS Map of Bahamas surf spots SURFBOARD MUSEUM DISPLAY This link is to a 360-degree photographic tour of the surfboard exhibit the Daytona Beach Museum of Arts and Sciences held in May 2005, called Surfing USA. . The photo tour was created was John McSwain. Surfboard exhibit I NEVER KNEW THAT! There's a site to report and look for stolen surfboards. StolenSurfboardsOnline The American Society of Civil Engineers did a paper on Ponce Inlet wave simulations.

          Update: NEWIS: NOAA Extreme Weather Information (Reference)        

NEWIS: NOAA Extreme Weather Information 4.2

Device: iOS Universal
Category: Reference
Price: Free, Version: 4.1 -> 4.2 (iTunes)


This is the App of the popular NOAA Extreme Weather Information Sheet (NEWIS). NEWIS is designed to be a "one stop" reference with links to national, state, and local websites and phone numbers that coastal residents can use before, during, and after weather emergencies.

The goal of NEWIS is to help citizens increase their weather readiness as a part of NOAA's Weather-Ready Nation initiative. NOAA encourages citizens to make a plan for extreme weather, to stay informed by listening to the official weather forecast from NOAA's National Hurricane Center or local NOAA Weather Forecast Office, and to follow the direction of local emergency managers and law enforcement in the event of a life threatening situation.

NEWIS was developed by NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information, a division of NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service.

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Update contact information.

NEWIS: NOAA Extreme Weather Information

          ALB-ALBASTRU de LAURA HUBATI        
alb mi-e sufletul albastru, Balet marin pe-o margine de zare care eu sunt gheață, tu ești astru Cu scăpărări de foc ivit din mare. Deasupra eu cu plete de ninsoare, Tu dedesubt cu unde de topaz Ne-nlănțuim dansuri trecătoare Și ne-amăgim cu ultimul extaz. Pe-un portativ cu note efemere, Pe care le cunoaștem numai noi Ne risipim două emisfere Și-apoi ne transformați ploi. ...
          Azerbaycan’da Kurgan medeniyeti        

Azerbaycan’da Kurgan medeniyeti
Dünden bugüne kadar

Dr.Tohid Melikzade

Eski Türkler kendi ölülerini “ kurgan “ adlı neheng kabirlerde gömerlerdi. Kurganlar tepe gibi yapılmış büyük kabirler olmuştur. Kurgan sözü ise “ tepe kimi kabir “ manasına gelmektedir. Bu terimin başka bir varyantı ise Azerbaycan eyaletinin Zencan kentinde hala kullanılmaktadır. Bu vilayette yaşayan Türkler gömmeye “ korlamak “ denilir.Bizce Kurgan sözü ile “ korlamak “ kelimesi aynı köktendirler . Şimdilik Arkeoloji kazıntılar Azerbaycan’da bu eski geleneğin sürekliliğin açıkça göstermektedir. 1930lerde İran’ın Huzistan adlı eyaletinde eski Elam Proto Türklerin yaşadığı Behbahan kentinde bir baraj inşası esnasında büyük bir mezarlıklar bulundu .Mezarın içinde metal aletler , kap- kacaklar ve mezar sahibinin ölüm sonrası dünyada kullanabileceği eşyalar bulundu. 1982lerde arkeoloji kazıntılar aynı bölgede devam ederken , Türk medeniyetinin ayrılmaz parçası olan , kurgan medeniyeti ile ilgili yeni buluntular bulundu. Bu bölgede araştırmalar hala da devam etmektedir .
Azerbaycan’da Kurgan medeniyeti milattan önce 3-4. asırlardan başlamıştır. Bu devirlerde Azerbaycan’da Proto Türkler yaşamaktaydılar. Azerbaycan efsanelerine göre “ kurgan “ medeniyeti “Oğuz Hakan”la ilgilidir. Oğuz hakan bir çok ülkeyi fetih ettikten sonra yüksek tepeler yapmayı emredermiş . Burhani Gatı-i adlı kitabın yazarı Tebrizli Muhammed Hüseyin Halef’in yazdığına göre Azerbaycan adı bu yüksek tepelerden gelmektedir. Çünkü eski Türkçe’de “Azer” sözü yüksek yer demektir. Biz bu sözü aynı anlamda Divanı Luğatu t Türk kitabında da görüyoruz. . Bir diğer ilginç nokta da şudur ki hala Ukrayna’da bulunan eski Türk kurganlarına ‘Oğuz’ denilmektedir .Birçok Azerbaycan bölgelerinde ise bu tarz kurganlara “Oğuz Kabirleri” denilir .
Tarihçi Herodot kendi kitabında Türk medeniyeti ile ilgili birçok bilgi vermiştir. O , kurganları böyle anlatıyor : Hakanların kabirleri dörtgen ve çok büyük kazılardır… bu özel mezarlar Hakanlar için yapılmış özel mezarlıklarda yapılır. Onlar ölünü kabre koyup , dört köşesine uzun süngüler takarlar. Üzerine ise büyük tahta parçaları koyarlar. Kabirlerin içine ise birçok hizmetçiyi öldürüp bırakırlar. Sonra ise kabrin üzerine toprak dökerler. Her dönemin Türkleri kendi hakanının kabrinin yüksek olması için çalışırlar . Biz bu yüksek kurganları Mısırda yapılmış olan piramitlerle karşılaştırabiliriz.
Yakın çağlara geldikçe Türklerin Kurgan medeniyeti daha detaylı şekilde incelenmiştir. Örnek olarak Oğuz Türkleri ölünü odaya benzer bir mezara koyup eline ağaçtan yapılmış bardak verirlermiş. Bardağın içine ise kımız , ölünün ön tarafına daha büyük bir tabuta ise içki koyarmışlar. Biz aynı geleneğe doğu Türkistan’da bulunan Balballarda da rastlayabiliyoruz.
Dörtgen biçimli kurganlar daha sonra Türklerin obalarına benzer kubbe şekline dönüşüyor. Çağdaş Türkmenler buna benzer kubbelere “yozika” derler . Plit Noa’ya göre Peçenekler ölülerini ağaçtan yapılmış tabuta koyarak ölünün yüzünü batı tarafa çevirirmişler. Sonra kabrin üzerine ufak bir tepe yaparmışlar.
Başka bir geleneğe göre Türkler kabirlerin üstüne Balbal denilen taştan yapılmış heykel koyarmışlar. Bu heykellerin sayı şahsın hayatta iken öldürdüğü düşman sayını gösteriyordu. Balbal koyma geleneğine Gök Türklerde de rastlanılmaktadır. Huart’a göre bu balballar ölenlerin ruhunu geçici olarak yaşamda olan insanların arasında kaldığı inancından kaynaklanmaktadır. Yine Huart’a göre balbal koyma geleneği Kıpçak Türklerinde de 13. asra kadar devam etmiştir.Kıpçaklarda balbalların yüzü gün doğan tarafa koyulurdu . Rus kaynaklarında Balballara “kamnaya baba” denir , bu ifade “taş olmuş ecdat” anlamına gelmektedir. Balbalların konduğu yer Türklerin tapınak yeri sayılıyordu.
12. asır Azerbaycan Şairi Genceli Nizami Azerbaycan Kıpçaklarının balballar önünden geçerken saygı gösterdiklerini açıkça yazıyor : “geçenler saygı göstermek için atlı olursa bir ok , çoban olursa bir koyun bırakıp geçerler” . Bu geleneklere Şamanizm’e inanan Tukiyular’da da rastlanmaktadır. Oğuz Türkleri de yuğ (yas) merasimi için kurban edilen atın başını ayaklarını bir de gönünü (derisini) uzun ağaçlara takıp kurgan üstüne koyarlarmış. Ancak Peçenekler bunları kabrin üstüne değil ölenle birlikte gömerler. Bazı seyyahların yazdıklarına göre Türkler kabirlerin üstüne direklere geçirilmiş gön bırakırlar. William adlı seyyah Kara deniz yakınlarındaki ovalarda bir kabir üstüne asılmış 11 at gönü olduğunu kaydetmiştir . Balbal geleneği Azerbaycan’da insan heykeli şeklinde değil yiğitlik anlamı taşıyan aslan ve koç heykeline dönmüştür. Bazen de mezar taşları üzerine ölen insanın mesleği ile ilgili resimler kazılır. Eski aşıklarımızın mezar taşları üzerinde onların şekli ile kazınmış saz resmi görünmektedir. Biz bu mezar taşlarına Salmas , Urmiye ve Karabağ bölgesinde rastlayabiliriz. Şu anda Iran Türkmenlerinin Gelidağ ve Nakhurli(Nahırlı) mezarlıklarında bulunan mezarların üzerinde ağaçtan yontulmuş kuş kanadına rastlamak mümkündür. Halid Nebi kabristanlıklarında taştan yontulmuş iki buçuk metreden fazla sütunlar bulunmaktadır.
Bu gibi sütunlara Azerbaycan’ın Tebriz (Piri Şirvan), Tufargan (Badamyar mezarlığında) , Urmiye (Bent köyünde) ve Şeki (Yukarı Baş eski mezarlığında) şehirlerinde rastlanılmaktadır.
Urmiye’nin Bent köyünde Osmanlı şehitlerinin bir kabristanlığı bulunmaktadır . Azerbaycan halkı 1918 de Ermeniler tarafından halkımızı soykırımdan kurtarmak için bölgeye gelip de Azerbaycan yolunda şehit olmuş Osmanlı askerlerinin mezarı üzerine 2 metre yüksekliğinde taşlar dikmişler. Demek ki unutulmaz kurgan geleneğimiz 20. asırların başlarına kadar halkımızın içinde yaşam mücadelesi vermekteydi
          NASA sees Tropical Depression Rai over Thailand, Vietnam, Laos        

After Tropical Depression 19W moved ashore in central Vietnam NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the system and found some powerful thunderstorms over Thailand, Vietnam and Laos capable of dropping heavy rainfall.

read more

          RFMP e VTRPE        
Tornando alla primissima volta, in cui sentii parlare di scie chimiche in vita mia, incappai in una raccolta di brevi video prodotti da Tankerenemy. In uno di questi
la voce narrante, spiegava che esistevano dei programmi informatici militari che consentivano di monitorare il campo di battaglia in configurazione tridimensionale. Siccome, il radar che dovrebbe sviluppare le immagini, funziona solo sopra l’acqua ma non sulla terra, verrebbe sparso del bario in atmosfera, per creare un condotto (“duct”) per il segnale radar, così da poter monitorare il terreno.
Sempre sul progetto RFMP VTRPE, lo stesso autore pubblica anche un altro video
Dove ripete bene o male i concetti sopra esposti, ma relegando ai satelliti la capacità di prelevare immagini dell’area, congiungendole a quelle riprese dai mezzi in volo.
E di recente ha pubblicato un articolo su Edward Teller dove ritorna (velocissimamente) sulla questione.
1 – Lo scoop non è suo
Tanto per cambiare, tutta la faccenda, non è frutto di una ricerca indipendente reale (ovvero spulciare tra gli archivi e fare sperimentazioni di verifica), ma di una copiatura dal sito di Carnicom (da dove provengono parecchie cose dei “primi tempi” della bufala “scie chimiche”).
2 – Sono modelli matematici.
R.F.M.P. ovvero Radio Frequency Mission Planner (cioè pianificatore delle radio frequenze per la missione) è un tool software che aiuta a pianificare come gestire le radio frequenze.
E’ talmente segreto, che c’è un tutorial sul web su come usarlo.
Il V.T.R.P.E. (quando non lo scrivono invertendo le lettere ...) è invece un modello matematico che è alla base del tool RFMP. Serve per descrivere la propagazione delle onde radio. Sta per Variable Terrain Radio Parabolic Equation, ed è appunto un modello matematico molto preciso della propagazione radio che tiene conto di un sacco di fattori.
Altrettanto segreto, qui http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a323189.pdf lo studio sull'affidabilità.
Qui http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a248112.pdf il MANUALE UTENTE!!!
3 – Le informazioni del terreno
Le informazioni del terreno, non sono lette dai satelliti durante la battaglia, o fornite dalle immagini degli elicotteri di supporto, ma fanno già parte del software, come confermato anche in “MODERN HF MISSION PLANNING COMBINING PROPAGATION MODELING AND REAL-TIME
ENVIRONMENT MONITORING” di D. Brant, G.K. Lott, S.E. Paluszek, BE. Skimmons, a pag. 333 dove dice: “The user opens a map window of the operating area. Selections include Digital Chart of the World, World Database III, and other chart Products” che tradotto vuol dire “L’utente apre una finestra mappa dell’area operative. La selezione include Digital Chart of the World, World Database III e altri prodotti di cartografia”
Alla fine il tool software, mostra sì una vista in 3D, colorata a seconda della propagazione del segnale. E serve appunto per valutare come funzioneranno le comunicazioni radio (si evince dal colore calcolato dal modello matematico) e di conseguenza anche le funzionalità del radar, a seconda del terreno e in particolari condizioni meteo.
4 – Il “condotto” (“duct”)
Il fatto che si debba creare un condotto in atmosfera è puro misunderstanding. L’effetto condotto, è una anomala propagazione del segnale radio, dovuto ad un effetto di rifrazione per via della densità più grande del normale, del tratto di atmosfera attraversata. Le due immagini che vengono sempre mostrate (una senza l’effetto condotto e l’altra con..) servono in realtà a indicare che il software è in grado di simulare anche quel particolare effetto, fondamentale per capire se le comunicazioni avranno successo oppure no.
Qui http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a248112.pdf a pag. 27, l’esempio del VTRPE col calcolo dell’effetto condotto.
Qui http://www.crh.noaa.gov/Image/ind/APDopplerRadarCuriosities.pdf alla terza pagina, la spiegazione dell’effetto condotto, con esempi.
5 – Bario?
Non c’è nessuna indicazione, né nei paper relativi al RFMP, né in quelli relativi al VTRPE, dell’impiego di bario per il loro utilizzo.
Posso solo immaginare che, dato che una tempesta o le nuvole, portino all'effetto condotto, e quindi a una anomalia del radar, qualcuno abbia collegato uno dei tanti millantanti falsi (ed errati) brevetti per il quali il bario renderebbe asciutta l’atmosfera e quindi il radar ci vedrebbe meglio.
Inoltre Tankerenemy differisce nell'errore da Carnicom. Secondo il primo, sarebbe il particolato di bario, che essendo elettro-conduttivo (??) creerebbe il canale (errata concezione di duct, ovvero condotto) per la trasmissione radio. Secondo Carnicom, il bario impedirebbe alle nubi di piovere, e rimanendo in aria piegherebbero le onde radio, creando un effetto condotto, che permetterebbe di oltrepassare l’orizzonte.
6 – Facciamo ancora più confusione
Nell'articolo su Edward Teller, ad un certo punto, l’autore afferma:
" Il progetto dell’aeronautica militare V.R.T.P. e quello della Marina R.F.M.P. (V.T.R.P.E.) includono l’impiego di particolato metallico composto da fibre dall’alluminio (chaff) ([2025] Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025).”
A parte che in Owning the Weather in 2025, non si parla MAI di VTRPE o di RFMP. E l’unica volta in cui si parla di usare chaff per modificare il tempo atmosferico, è per mitigare i fulmini e non ha nulla a che vedere coi due progetti in questione.
(Oltretutto Ownin the weather non fa nemmeno DIRETTO riferimento all’uso di chaff, ma a pag. 19, quando parla di “triggering lightning” fa riferimto al paper Heinz W. Kasemir, “Lightning Suppression by Chaff Seeding and Triggered Lightning,” in Wilmot
N. Hess, ed., Weather and Climate Modification (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974), 623–628.)
7 – Il filmato preso da Red Flag
Nel secondo filmato, proposto all'inizio dell’articolo, per concludere è divertente notare che è stato mescolato un video di un’esercitazione militare, che nulla ha a che vedere coi progetto RFMP e VTRPE, con la voce e le scritte aggiunte da Tankerenemy
Inoltre, se si ascoltano le parole in sottofondo, in inglese, si sente chiaramente che si tratta di una simulazione di guerra su larga scala, che gli awcas (gli aerei col radar a disco sopra) forniscono supporto tattico ma controllano anche la missione (più tardi l’istruttore criticherà un pilota per una quasi collisione) e al minuto 00:41 si sente la frase “Each aircraft broadcasts real-time telemetry that appears as three-dimensional imagery onboard the Awcas”, che tradotta è “Ogni aeromobile trasmette telemetria in tempo reale che appare come immagine tridimensionale a bordo dell’awcas”
Ovvero la situazione dei rispettivi aerei è trasmessa dagli aerei stessi al sistema di supporto dell’awcas. Per il monitoraggio del campo da battaglia, anche nel video non viene menzionato né RFMP né VTRPE.
E se si finisce di ascoltare l’originale voce in inglese sotto (cercando di non sentire la voce italiana aggiunta dopo) si nota che non vengono mai menzionati bario, alluminio, chaff o composti igroscopici.
Mi stupisco ancora di quanta fuffa ci sia all'origine di tutta la vicenda.

          Charles Chaplin        
Charles Chaplin nació en Londres, pero a muy temprana edad emigró a Estados Unidos junto con su hermano. Hijo de artista, siempre deseó trabajar en el mundo del espectáculo. Cuando lo logró, obtuvo un gran éxito, especialmente con su interpretación del personaje cómico de cine mudo más famoso de la historia: Charlot.

Ataviado con bombín, inquieto bastón y enormes zapatos, Charlot protagoniza divertidas y emotivas peripecias en las películas mudas de la primera época del cine.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said Wednesday that chances are higher for an above-normal hurricane season in the Atlantic, and it could become the most active since 2010.
Nostalgiile cuvintelor (32) de Gabriela Mimi Boroianu 11.05.2017 jumătate zi jumătate noapte la mijloc primăvara între ochiul care râde și cel care plânge întodeauna stă cuvântul am trecut șanțul să prind răsăritul erai deja acolo numărând anii jumătate tu jumătate eu timpul nu se împarte la doi nici iubirea viermele invidiei mușcase mărul cunoașterii cineva agățase o pânză neagră în gard semn că Dumnezeu adormise nimeni nu părea că ascultă vântul trecea prin ulucile albite spre suflete pustii aprinsesem focul doi greierii îmi cântau în ureche jumatate ieri jumătate azi nu există cale de mijloc tu cu arătatorul întins acuzator niciodată n-ai știut ce vrei în colțul celălalt al camerei uitarea își torcea firul jumătate lumină jumătate întuneric nu scormoni jarul te vor arde buzele de dorul sărutului în colțul gurii încă sângeră locul unde a murit surâsul ...
Nostalgiile cuvintelor (1) de Gabriela Mimi Boroianu 09.03.2017 A mai trecut o zi așa cum trec zilele cu nostalgii cu renunțări iar eu un grăunte de nisip în clepsidra vieții cad așa în acceptare iar și iar așteptând cu fiecare cădere întâlnirea cu ultimul zbor... până mă frâng și rămân agățată ca un măr în copacul cunoașterii pe care nici o Eva nu-l culege nici un Adam nu-l acceptă invizibil chiar neinteresant și gândurile mele sunt în siguranță Numai dorul tău roade și roade ca un vierme în sufletul meu închis în el ca într-un cocon... Și pietrele Cetății tac și tace și vântul ce-ți purta vorbele numai Dunărea își leagănă ofurile în doinirea valurilor Și zilele trec sau poate eu trec prin ele sau poate doar aștept să-mi vină rândul să-mi crească aripi în piept desferecând o poartă dincolo de care tu mă vei aștepta ca un anotimp al împlinirilor ...
          Novena a Santa Joaquina de Vedruna        
Novena a Santa Joaquina
Entre otros pedidos, se le reza para tener la bendición de un hijo.

Se reza la oración para todos los días, el día correspondiente que se puede o no leer el pasaje bíblico, y la oración final.
Santa Joaquina de

Oración para todos los días, antes de comenzar:
“Bendita sea la Santísima Trinidad que tiene misericordia con nosotros por medio de Santa Joaquina…
…Dios es Padre y conoce nuestros corazones, acudamos a Él con sinceridad y buena intención, y en todo nos consolará…
…Tengamos tranquilidad y confianza que el Señor nos dará remedio en nuestras necesidades…”

Oración al finalizar el rezo de cada día de la novena:
Señor, Tú que has hecho surgir en la Iglesia, a Santa Joaquina de Vedruna, para la educación cristiana de la juventud y alivio de los enfermos, haz que nosotros/as sepamos imitar sus ejemplo, y dediquemos nuestra vida a servirte con amor en nuestros hermanos. Por Jesucristo, Nuestro Señor. Amén
Recemos: un Padrenuestro, un Ave María y tres Glorias.

Primer día: Pidamos que nos ayude a descubrir y aceptar su voluntad.
Lectura Bíblica: (Lc. 1, 26-38)

Joaquina nos dice: â€œUnamos nuestros corazones, elevemos nuestros 
espíritus entreguemos nuestras voluntades a la Santísima Trinidad…”
 â€œâ€¦Pongamos nuestro espíritu en Dios y emprenderemos lo que Él quiera…”
Por Jesucristo Nuestro Señor. Amén.
(hacer la petición)

Segundo día: Pidamos tener confianza en Dios.
Lectura Bíblica: (Mt. 6, 24-34)

 Joaquina nos dice:
“…Yo estoy dispuesta a hacer todo lo que sea del agrado del 
Señor y creo que Él me da buena salud para servirle en lo que sea su voluntad.
 No dudemos, el Señor bendecirá todo… 
tengamos mucha confianza, todo saldrá bien, aun mejor de lo que se puede pensar;
 en la medida que queramos hacer el bien, el Señor derramará sobre nosotros
 su gracia para que todo vaya bien…”
“¡Ánimo y confianza!, con Dios todo se puede.”
(hacer la petición)

Tercer día: Pidamos la sanación del cuerpo y del alma
Lectura Bíblica: (Mt. 26, 26-28)

Joaquina nos dice:
“…Todo lo que sufrimos es nada comparado con lo que padeció Jesús por nosotros...
en el camino de la cruz quien la lleva es Jesús, ¡vamos adelante! …
estoy segura que Él derramará sobre nuestros corazones las gracias y bendiciones que necesitamos…” Por Jesucristo Nuestro Señor. Amén  (hacer la petición)

Cuarto día: Pidamos, nos conceda la humildad.
Lectura Bíblica: (Mc.9, 33-37)

Joaquina nos dice:
“…La humildad ha de nacer del corazón...pensemos que los dones de Dios 
no son para creernos mejores, sino para servir a Cristo con actitud humilde
 y para no apegarnos a nada, sino al amor de Dios...” 
“No den demasiada importancia a las cosas, es decir, no tengan mucha 
satisfacción en las alabanzas, ni penas en las contrariedades.
 Recíbanlo todo de la mano de Dios con igualdad de ánimo y así vivirán en paz…”
(hacer la petición)

Quinto día: ¡Pidamos el don de ser agradecidos.
Lectura Bíblica: (Lc. 17, 11-19).

Joaquina nos dice:
“…Ocupemos nuestras potencias en ser agradecidos, que el Buen Jesús
 nos ha hecho muchos favores particulares, que ahora no comprendemos… 
Dios es tan bueno que da el ciento por una… 
¡Cuán agradecidas hemos de ser con aquel Señor que tanto
 nos ama!...” (hacer la petición)

Sexto día: Pidamos el don de la oración
Lectura Bíblica: (Mt. 6,6).

Joaquina nos dice:
“…Haz cada día un rato de oración porque en ese tiempo el Señor
 nos da sus dones, nos habla al corazón lo que quiere que hagamos, 
nos renueva y nos conforta para vivir en fidelidad…”
(hacer la petición)

Séptimo día: Pidamos fortaleza en las penas y contrariedades.
Lectura Bíblica: (Ecles. 3, 1-8)
Joaquina nos dice:
“Tengamos paciencia, que el Padre de Misericordia todo la hace bien;
 confiemos en su bondad.
Pon tu espíritu en Dios y emprenderemos lo que Él quiera.”  (hacer la petición)

Octavo día: Pidamos la perseverancia en el estilo de vida elegido.
Lectura Bíblica: (Salmo 22)

Joaquina nos dice:
“…Eres padre de familia, y pesan sobre ti serias obligaciones... 
pido al Señor te ilumine para que entiendas y cumplas como Dios manda…
que los sentimientos buenos que me ha dado a mí te los comunique a ti, 
para que consciente de tu misión de padre y con los sentimientos de un buen esposo,
 se los trasmitas a tu mujer y los dos  no teniendo más que un solo deseo,
 vivan guiados por un Señor tan bueno: Jesús.”
“…Sí, amadas hijas, procuremos desechar de nuestros corazones todo 
cuanto pueda impedir el puro amor de nuestro enamorado Jesús. 
Él nos llama sin cesar, y nosotras ¿nos haremos las sordas?... 
Procuremos tener los corazones muy bien dispuestos; 
que nuestra voluntad sea toda de Jesús, todas nuestras potencias 
y sentidos sean para el Señor…”  (hacer la petición)

Noveno día, elegir una de las dos oraciones, o las dos

Noveno día: Pidamos la asistencia en el embarazo o la bendición de un hijo.
Lectura Bíblica: (Lc. 2, 22-28)

Joaquina nos dice:
“…Ofrece a Dios el hijo que llevas en tu vientre; es suyo y siendo suyo, que lo haga santo…”
“…Ejercita el oficio de madre antes de dar a luz…”
“…En quien hemos de confiar, después de haber puesto todos los medios humanos, es en Dios…”
(hacer la petición)

Noveno día: Pidamos nos ayude a crecer en la fe y el amor.
Lectura Bíblica: (Lc. 5, 38-48)
Joaquina nos dice:
“…Hemos de trabajar mucho por nuestros hermanos,
 porque así lo quiere el Señor...
…Pongamos nuestro espíritu en Dios, quien todo lo puede y 
emprenderemos lo que Él quiera. El Espíritu de Jesucristo no quiere sino, 
practicar la Caridad, la Humildad, y vivir en Pobreza. 
Así pues, no temamos, todo nos sobrará…”(hacer la petición)

          The New NOAA Ocean Podcast        
The Making Waves podcast has retired, but have no fear! We combined our Making Waves, Ocean Shorts, and Diving Deeper pods into one NEW podcast called NOAA Ocean. Subscribe in your favorite podcatcher so you never miss an episode. Just search for "NOAA Ocean." If you are looking for an older Making Waves episode, head to oceanservice.noaa.gov/podcast to view our archive.
          ANNOUNCEMENT: New NOAA Ocean Podcast        
The Making Waves podcast has retired, but have no fear! We combined our Making Waves, Ocean Shorts, and Diving Deeper podcasts into one NEW podcast called NOAA Ocean. Subscribe to the new podcast in your favorite podcatcher so you never miss an episode. Just search for "NOAA Ocean." If you are looking for an older Making Waves episode, head to oceanservice.noaa.gov/podcast to view our archive.
          Listen up: What you need to know about ocean noise. (Episode 138)        

What is ocean noise and what is NOAA doing to reduce this threat in our national marine sanctuaries? Many marine organisms, including marine mammals, sea turtles, fish and invertebrates, rely on sound and hearing for their survival. Over the last century, increases in human activity within our ocean have led to increasing levels of noise. This increasing amount of noise from human sources is a rising concern for the health and well-being of marine organisms and ecosystems. In this episode, we talk with NOAA marine ecologist Dr. Leila Hatch about her work to better understand the ocean soundscape by developing programs that can establish baselines, detect changes in noise levels, and support the design of methods to reduce noise impacts.

Episode permanent link and show notes

          Charting New Waters: Video        

Boaters rely on NOAA's nautical charts for depth measurements so they don't accidentally ground on sandbars or other underwater obstructions. Take three minutes out of your day to hear Captain Shepard Smith of the NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson discuss how nautical charts are updated—and how NOAA is using promising new technology (ocean robots!) that will add shallow depths to nautical charts.

Episode permanent link and show notes

          Alaska: Marine Debris in the Wilderness (Episode 134)        

Alaska—the largest and most remote state in the United States—is filled with wilderness and beauty, and unfortunately with marine debris. With a longer coastline than all the other U.S. states combined, Alaska finds itself with the greatest concentration of marine debris in our country. In this episode, we learn just how challenging the issue of marine debris can be in the vast wilderness of this state, how the NOAA Marine Debris program is working to solve this problem, and how the key to beating this issue is in the innovation and ingenuity of the community working to address it.

Episode permanent link and show notes

          Data Makes a Difference (Episode 133)        

Take a virtual journey to Penobscot Bay, Maine, to see how harbor pilots use U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS®) data for real-time ocean and weather conditions. This information is critical for safe navigation as pilots carefully move tankers and other vessels often carrying dangerous cargo safely in and out of port. IOOS coastal and marine data (e.g., water temperature, water level, currents, winds, and waves) are collected by many different tools including satellites, buoys, tide gauges, radar stations, and underwater vehicles. Most of the data collected are streamed online and viewable on digital maps for easy access.

Episode permanent link and show notes

          World Ocean Day (Special Feature)        

What do you know about our ocean? We bet you'll learn something new in this short video.

Episode permanent link and show notes

          Trash Talk (Special Feature)        

Ocean Today is premiering this 15-minute TRASH TALK special feature for World Ocean Day. It is specially designed to be part of your World Ocean Day festivities and beyond. In addition to the video, we have a pre-recorded 10-minute webinar for educators that provides fun activities that you can organize after the film! A perfect event for museums, zoos, aquariums, learning centers and schools. Enjoy!

Please note that this movie is a large file (260 MB).

Episode permanent link and show notes

          Shipwreck Detectives (Episode 129)        

A NOAA "shipwreck detective" talks about a two-year study to locate and document shipwrecks in Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and the surrounding area.

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Measuring Water Levels with Microwaves (Episode 128)        

In this episode, we visit a research station perched at the end of a long pier in Duck, North Carolina, to get a close-up look at the microwave radar water level sensor--a revolutionary step forward in how NOAA measures water levels around the nation.

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Arctic Shield (Episode 127)        
As sea ice continues to shrink in the Arctic, we’re likely to see more shipping, more oil exploration, more tourism, and more fishing. And all of this activity means that in the future, we’ll probably going have to deal with an oil spill in this remote region. So how do we prepare for that? The Coast Guard cutter Healy, a 420-foot-long icebreaker, is now heading north in answer to this question. The mission: an annual exercise called Arctic Shield led by the U.S. Coast Guard’s Research and Development Center. Onboard the Healy, scientists are gearing up to deal with a simulated oil spill in the icy Arctic. To tell us all about Arctic Shield and NOAA’s role in this expedition, we talk to Zachary Winters-Staszak, a spatial data specialist on the mission from the National Ocean Service’s Response and Restoration office.
Episode permanent link and show notes
          Great Pacific Garbage Patch (Episode 126)        
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is one of many areas in the ocean where marine debris naturally concentrates because of ocean currents. In this episode, an expert from the NOAA Marine Debris Program explains what a garbage patch is and isn't, what we know and don't know, and what we can do about this ocean-sized problem.

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Storm Surge (Episode 125)        
This is Making Waves from NOAA's National Ocean Service. Hurricane season runs from June 1 - November 30. You know that powerful winds are destructive and can be deadly during a hurricane. But did you know that the greatest threat to life actually comes from the water — in the form of storm surge. See for yourself with this video from NOAA's Ocean Today.

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Coastal Blue Carbon (Episode 124)        
Coastal Blue Carbon. Heard of it? A NOAA environmental scientist explains how certain small coastal areas play an outsized role in reducing climate change.

Episode permanent link and show notes
          The Exxon Valdez, 25 Years Later (Episode 122)        
Prior to the Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the Exxon Valdez was the largest spill to ever occur in U.S. coastal waters. In this episode, we talk with NOAA marine biologist Gary Shigenaka to find out how marine life is faring today in Prince William Sound, Alaska. We also look at lessons we might learn from this environmental disaster in light of growing oil exploration and shipping traffic in the Arctic.

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Underwater but Unforgotten (Episode 120)        
In this video episode: two Civil War-era sailors lost over 150 years ago aboard the U.S.S. Monitor are laid to rest. Don't miss this moving three-minute video brought to you by NOAA's Ocean Today.

Episode permanent link and show notes
          'Hooked on Sharks' from NOAA Fisheries (Episode 119)        
It's Shark Week! Tune in to hear 'Hooked on Sharks,' the latest episode of 'On the Line,' a new podcast from our colleagues at NOAA Fisheries. 'On the Line' features interviews with NOAA scientists who study fish, marine mammals, and other ocean life. In 'Hooked on Sharks,' we hear about a research project to see if a special type of hook can help vulnerable populations of sharks to survive.
Episode permanent link and show notes
          The Social Side of Coral Reefs (Episode 118)        
Coral reefs are under intense pressure from climate change, pollution, and unsustainable use. So what can we do about it? To answer that question, we need to better understand the main threat to our reefs. Humans. Join us for a discussion about the social side of protecting coral reefs with scientist Peter Edwards from NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program.
Episode permanent link and show notes
          Hurricane Survival (Episode 116)        
It's hurricane season. Are you prepared? Find out with this video from NOAA's Ocean Today .
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          Ocean Acidification (Episode 114)        
In this video podcast, learn what ocean acidification is, how it's affecting marine life, and how NOAA tools are helping people monitor and adapt to changes in ocean chemistry.
Episode permanent link and show notes
          Shrinking Sea Ice (Episode 111)        
In this episode, watch the first installment of a new three-part video series from NOAA's Ocean Today about the role of ice in our ocean. What is sea ice and why is it shrinking?
Episode permanent link and show notes
          Ocean Today Video: Whale Sense (Episode 107)        
NOAA's Ocean Today just launched its 100th video! In this episode, we highlight this achievement and showcase the latest video from Ocean Today about an effort to promote safe and responsible whale watching. (3:32 minutes)
Episode permanent link and show notes
          Ocean Today Video: Coral Forests of the Deep (Episode 106)        
NOAA and independent scientists recently discovered rocky reef habitats in an area of NOAA's Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary at depths reaching 457 meters meters—places where corals and sponges had not been seen before. Did you know that corals, sponges, and countless other creatures thrive in the deep ocean—in places where sunlight doesn't reach? In this episode, learn more about the fascinating world of deep sea coral habitats in 'Coral Forests of the Deep,' a video from NOAA's Ocean Today. (3:31 minutes)

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Marine Sanctuaries 40th Anniversary (Episode 104)        
This month marks the 40th anniversary of the signing of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act, which created our nation's national marine sanctuary system. What are sanctuaries? How do these special areas help to protect and conserve our ocean? We have a NOAA Ocean Today video for you in this episode to put this milestone in perspective. (4:49 minutes)

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Ocean Today Video: Fuel for the Storm (Episode 103)        
We've all heard that hurricanes are one of the most powerful and destructive forces on Earth. But where do they get their strength? You’ll find the answer on this episode of Making Waves. Tune in to watch a brand new video from NOAA’s Ocean Today called 'Fuel for the Storm.' (3:31 minutes)

Episode permanent link and show notes
          Ocean Today Video: Marine Protected Areas (Episode 101)        
Take three minutes out of your day to watch a video from NOAA's Ocean Today about marine protected areas in North America. Episode permanent link and show notes
          Positioning America for the Future (Episode 100)        
How much do you know about NOAA’s navigation services? In this episode, Dr. Holly Bamford, National Ocean Service Deputy Assistant Administrator, talks about ‘positioning America for the future,’ an effort to focus NOS navigation services on upcoming challenges as coastal populations grow, sea levels rise, maritime commerce increases, and new navigation routes open up in the Arctic. Episode permanent link and show notes
          Hurricane Response (Episode 98)        
It’s the end of May -- and that means it’s not only the start of the summer season, it’s the beginning of hurricane season. Most people know that NOAA’s National Weather Service plays a huge role when hurricanes threaten our coasts, but what role does NOAA’s National Ocean Service play? Find out in this episode -- and learn about some of the online tools and information that you can use before, during, and after hurricanes strike. Episode permanent link and show notes
          Ocean Today Video: Black Carbon (Episode 97)        
Making Waves Ocean Today video

Take three minutes out of your day to watch a video from NOAA's Ocean Today. In this episode, learn about the effect of black carbon -- better known as soot -- on Arctic climate. Episode permanent link and show notes
          Ocean Today Video (Episode 92)        
Making Waves Ocean Today video

Join us as we kick off a new ocassional series to highlight some of the great videos available on NOAA's Ocean Today website. In this episode, we showcase a fantastic video about exploring the deep ocean.Episode permanent link and show notes
          Restoring San Francisco Bay (Episode 91)        
Join us for a talk with two NOAA experts about a multi-year effort to restore the environment in the aftermath of an oil spill that dumped 53,000 gallons of oil into San Francisco Bay. While we're focusing on this one spill, you'll get a good idea of how we deal as a nation with big spills wherever and whenever they occur along our coasts. Guests for this episode include Greg Baker, regional resource coordinator with NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration, and Natalie Cosentino-Manning, restoration program manager for the Southwest region of the U.S. with NOAA's Fisheries Restoration Center. Episode permanent link and show notes
          Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (Episode 88)        
The powerful Japanese earthquake and resulting tsunami in March, 2011, washed untold tons of marine debris into the Pacific Ocean. Carey Morishige, Pacific Islands Regional Coordinator for the NOAA Marine Debris Program, explains where this debris may be, where it's heading, what's being done about it, and what you can do to help.
          New Red Tide Research (Episode 87)        
NOAA is providing grants totaling over $1.6 million dollars to create seasonal and weekly toxic algal bloom forecasts that are more accurate and provide better early warning of toxic blooms in the Gulf of Maine.
          The value of Hawaii's Coral Reefs (Episode 86)        
A peer-reviewed study commissioned by NOAA shows the American people assign an estimated total economic value of $33.57 billion for the coral reefs of the main Hawaiian Islands.
          Building a Better Geoid (Episode 85)        
Figuring out the exact location of a point on the Earth's surface in three dimensions is what the science of geodesy is all about. Thanks to the network of satellites in space known as the Global Positioning System, we can determine latitude and longitude with great accuracy. Heights, however, are a trickier business to nail down.

In this episode, we talk with NOAA Chief Geodesist Dru Smith to learn how scientists are using measurements of gravity to refine a complex mathematical model of the Earth's shape known as the geoid. Once the new model is deployed, the hope is that we'll be able to use GPS receivers to figure out our current elevation in most places across the nation within an accuracy of two centimeters or less.
          Arctic Sea Inventory; Whale of a Partnership (Episode 83)        
Join us this week for two stories and an Ocean Fact:

Arctic Sea Floor Inventory. NOAA scientists are collecting environmental data off the coast of Alaska in the Chukchi Sea to get a clear picture of this underwater ecosystem before any offshore development begins.

A Whale of a Partnership. NOAA, French sanctuaries join forces to protect endangered humpback whales along their annual migration route.

Ocean Fact. Where is the largest protected area in NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary system?
          Surveying the Arctic (Episode 81)        
The NOAA Ship Fairweather is surveying remote areas of the Arctic in places where ocean depths haven’t been measured since 1867. We talk with the NOAA Corps Capt. David Neander, commander of the vessel, about the current expedition in Alaska and NOAA's broader efforts to map sparsely charted regions of the Arctic Ocean.
          NOS Assists with Oil Spill; New El Nino Study; Ocean Fact (Episode 80)        
In this episode:

NOS Responds to Yellowstone River Oil Spill. NOS is on hand to assist with last month's oil spill on the Yellowstone River in Montana.

NOAA Study May Help East Coast Prepare for El Nino Years. Coastal communities along the U.S. East Coast may be at risk of higher sea levels accompanied by more destructive storm surges during future El Nino years, according to a new NOAA study published in the Monthly Weather Review, a journal of the American Meteorological Society (AMS).

NOS Ocean Fact. What does peanut butter have to do with the ocean?
          Human Health and Climate Change (Episode 79)        
Climate Change and Harmful Algal Blooms. In a recent study, researchers from NOAA's West Coast Center for Oceans and Human Health used cutting-edge technologies to model future ocean and weather patterns.

Atmospheric Dust and the Ocean Environment. In a recent NOAA-funded study, University of Georgia and U.S. Geological Survey researchers considered how global desertification and the resulting increase in atmospheric dust based on some climate-change scenarios could fuel the presence of harmful bacteria in the ocean and seafood.
          Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone and Red Tide News (Episode 77)        
In this episode:

Major Flooding on the Mississippi River Predicted to Cause Largest Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Ever Recorded. The Gulf of Mexico's hypoxic zone is predicted to be the largest ever recorded due to extreme flooding of the Mississippi River this spring, according to an annual forecast by a team of NOAA-supported scientists from the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Louisiana State University and the University of Michigan.

Study Sheds Light On Red Tide Toxin. NOAA-supported researchers at Texas A&M University have determined why red tide algae in the Gulf of Mexico make toxin, a development that could prove beneficial to both human and marine life.
          World Ocean Day 2011 (Episode 76)        
It's World Ocean Day! In this episode, we bring you a special video from NOAA's Ocean Today and preview a gallery of photos sent in by NOS Facebook fans and Twitter followers.
          Marine Mammals Help Collect Ocean Info; New Marine Debris App (Episode 75)        
In this episode:

Collecting Ocean Data with Marine Mammals. Scientists are enlisting marine mammals with electronic tags to collect critical ocean data from around the nation. NOAA's Integrated Ocean Observing System is working to standardize various tagging programs so researchers can better tap into this data stream.

New Smartphone App Targets Marine Debris. With bottles, cans, abandoned or lost fishing gear, and other marine debris washing up on our shores each year, the University of Georgia and NOAA have teamed up to create a new, innovative cell phone reporting mechanism to combat the marine debris problem.

NOS Photo Contest. World Ocean Day is June 8. Help us celebrate the beauty, mystery, and importance of the ocean by submitting your best ocean photos!
          Deepwater Horizon, one year later (Episode 73)        
Last year, on April 20, an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon MC252 drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico killed eleven people and caused the rig to sink. Then, oil began leaking into the Gulf. Before the wellhead was finally capped in mid-July, almost 5 million barrels of oil were released. Today, we look back at NOAA's role in the Deepwater Horizon spill response--the months when oil was spilling into the Gulf--through the eyes of one of the first NOAA responders to the spill. We're joined by Debbie Payton, chief of the Office of Response and Restoration's Emergency Response Division.
          Harmful Algal Bloom discovery; U.S. Caribbean News (Episode 72)        
Three stories: (1) A new NOAA-funded study links algae to a harmful estrogen-like compound; (2) a new 'marine etiquette' video is launched for visitors to the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico; (3) NOAA researchers kick off the eighth year of a mission to explore and map underwater realms of the U.S. Caribbean.
          Human Health and Climate Change (Episode 70)        
Climate Change and Harmful Algal Blooms. In a recent study, researchers from NOAA's West Coast Center for Oceans and Human Health used cutting-edge technologies to model future ocean and weather patterns.

Atmospheric Dust and the Ocean Environment. In a recent NOAA-funded study, University of Georgia and U.S. Geological Survey researchers considered how global desertification and the resulting increase in atmospheric dust based on some climate-change scenarios could fuel the presence of harmful bacteria in the ocean and seafood.
          Marine Debris Conference; Historic 19th-Century Whaler Found; Civil War-era Map Unveiled (Episode 69)        
International Marine Debris Conference. The Fifth International Marine Debris Conference is set to take place next month from March 20-25 in Honolulu, Hawaii. The event is bringing together international marine debris experts from around the world to look at marine debris from a global perspective.

Historic 19th-Century Whaler Found. Archeologists working with the Ocean Service's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries have found wreckage of a famous 1800's Nantucket whale ship nearly six hundred miles northwest of Honolulu, within NOAA's Papahãnaumokuãkea Marine National Monument.

Civil-War Era Map Shows Mapmaking Innovations. It isn't often that a map can visually display a moral issue facing a divided nation. Nearly 150 years ago, the U.S. Coast Survey -- NOAA's predecessor organization -- achieved that landmark representation.

          Gulf of Mexico Disaster Response Center (Episode 68)        
NOAA's new Gulf of Mexico Disaster Response Center (DRC) is now under construction in Mobile County, Alabama. The Center -- the first of its kind -- promises to change the way people prepare for and respond to the many hard-hitting storms, spills, and other events that too often strike this fragile region. In this episode, we talk with the acting director of the new DRC.
          NOAA in Mobile Bay (Episode 67)        
A big part of the Ocean Service's mission is about providing 'navigation services' ... things like measuring tides and currents, providing up-to-date nautical charts, and determining exact positions on sea or land. These services help keep the nation's maritime commerce humming along safely. But what else could this information be used for? Who else could use it? And what would you get if you focused all of NOAA's combined navigational tools and services to study one specific coastal area in intense detail, all at one time? In this episode, learn how NOAA's navigational services are evolving beyond navigation.
          NOS News (Episode 66)        
We have three stories for you this week: A new NOAA archive is launched on the web for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill; Texas gets a new forecast system to warn of toxic algal outbreaks along the coast; the first ocean glider to successfully cross the Atlantic goes on display at the Smithsonian Institution.
          Educational Games (Episode 64)        
Looking for something to entertain the kids while you're cooking Thanksgiving dinner this week? How about an educational game? In this episode, we revisit a 2009 interview with the National Ocean Service's education director to hear about NOAA's foray into educational games and to learn why there's a growing trend to teach kids using fun gaming experiences. We also preview what's available on NOAA's 'Planet Arcade' game portal.
          Aquarius 2010 (Episode 62)        
This week, we take an audio journey to NOAA's Aquarius Reef Base--the world's only undersea research lab. We talk with the director of the Aquarius to learn about some of the tech, science and logistics that make this one-of-a-kind underwater lab possible. Then we speak with the National Educational Coordinator from NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary Office to hear about Aquarius 2010, a 10-day research mission that just wrapped up on Aquarius Reef Base that doubled as a powerful educational outreach event.
          NOS News Round-up (Episode 61)        
We have three stories for you this week. First, we take a look at NOAA's Historical Hurricane Tracks, a website that lets anyone track and map historical tropical cyclone activity from 1851-2009. Then, we head to Canada where Office of Coast Survey officials met with other nations that share an Arctic boundary to form a new commission focused on creating better nautical charts for the region. Finally, we head out into the Pacific to point out some new ocean observing tools now available in Hawaii.
          Hypoxia in U.S. Coastal Waters (Episode 60)        
Earlier this month, a new interagency report was delivered to Congress that warns of the growing threat of low oxygen "dead zones" in coastal waters around the U.S. This condition is known as hypoxia -- where oxygen levels drop so low that creatures in the water are stressed or killed. In this episode, we hear from two of the scientists behind the report: Dr. Libby Jewett from NOAA and Herb Buxton from the US Geological Survey. They help us learn more about the extent of this problem, its causes, and how this trend might be reversed.
          Flame Retardants in the Coastal Environment (Episode 59)        
A 2009 NOAA report finds that man-made toxic chemicals used as flame retardants in consumer products are found in all U.S. coastal waters and the Great Lakes. The chemicals-Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers, or PBDEs-have generated international concern in recent years due to their global distribution and associated adverse environmental and human health effects. We talk with one of the authors of the report. [This is a rebroadcast of an episode that originally aired on April 1, 2009]
          Lionfish, Dead Zones, and a New World Heritage Site (Episode 58)        
We have three stories for you this week: A new report suggests that fishing could help control invasive lionfish in some Atlantic waters. NOAA-supported scientists find that this year's Gulf of Mexico dead zone is fifth largest on record. And Papahãnaumokuãkea Marine National Monument is designated a UN World Heritage Site.
          NOS News Round-up (Episode 56)        
We have three stories for you this week: NOAA rolls out new online game for kids about loggerhead sea turtle conservation; have your say about NOAA's new strategic plan; the next round of existing Marine Protected Areas nominated to join the national system of MPAs is up for public comment.
          Interview with Commander of NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson (Episode 54)        
In recognition of World Hydrography Day, we have a special interview for you this week with the commander of the NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson, currently in the Gulf of Mexico conducting research in support of the ongoing oil spill response effort.
          What's New at NOS (Episode 52)        
On the latest Making Waves: NOAA's nowCOAST goes mobile; the 20th PORTS® is dedicated in Texas; a new buoy hits the water in the Chesapeake Bay; and where to go to get the latest Gulf of Maine 'red tide' information.
          The Hidden World of Seamounts (Episode 51)        
A new report finds that seamounts -- underwater mountains formed by volcanic activity -- may collectively form one of the largest habitats on Earth, encompassing more of the planet's surface than South America. We talk with NOAA's Dr. Peter Etnoyer, lead author of the new study.
          Live from Philadelphia Part II: NOAA Education Outreach (Episode 49)        
This week, we continue our coverage of NOAA's participation in the 2010 National Science Teachers Association conference with a focus on education outreach efforts at the event.
          Live from Philadelphia: NOAA's Exhibit Program (Episode 48)        
In this episode, we spend some time at the NOAA booth at the recent National Science Teachers Association annual meeting held in Philadelphia, Penn. This huge convention was an opportunity for NOAA men and women from a variety of backgrounds and expertise to meet face to face with thousands of science teachers. This is the first half of a two-part series recorded live at the event.
          Coasts, Corals, and Whales (Episode 47)        
We've got three stories for you this week. First, we talk about a new NOAA Web site that serves up an interactive journey to highlight the need to better understand, manage, and protect our nation's coastal resources. Then we head to the Florida Keys, where cold ocean temperatures in January have caused the most significant cold-water coral die-off in 30 years. Finally, we take you to Hawaii for the annual Sanctuary Ocean Count. This annual event helps researchers learn more about endangered whale populations that travel to the islands from Alaska every year.
          Decoding the Secret Pathologies of Dolphins (Episode 45)        
This week, we take a virtual journey to the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). At the event, NOAA's Oceans and Human Health Initiative unveiled six new studies that offer insights into how diseases found in dolphins and other marine mammals are similar to humans. We talk with NOAA scientists about two of the six studies presented at the meeting. In our first story, we discuss unprecedented contaminant levels found in coastal dolphins in Georgia. Then, we look at new research that shows marine exposure to a type of toxic algae may cause epilepsy.
          Haiti support; oil spill at Port Arthur, Texas; marine protected area news (Episode 44)        
Join us for three stories this week:
* NOAA provides support for Haiti Recovery Efforts
* NOS Responds to an Oil Spill in Texas
* News About the National Marine Protected Areas System
          Salute to the Scarlet Knight (Episode 42)        
Last month, an unmanned, underwater ocean glider named the Scarlet Knight completed a record-breaking 7,410 km (4,604 mile) trip from the U.S. to Europe. We talk with Zdenka Willis, director of NOAA's Integrated Ocean Observing System, about the historic mission.
          Harmful Algal Bloom News (Episode 39)        
Harmful algal blooms. They're called HABs for short. Heard of them? If you live in a coastal area or near the Great Lakes, chances are you have, but you may know them by the more popular name 'red tide.' HABs are caused by microscopic algae -- tiny plants in the ocean -- that grow out of control. As they bloom, they produce powerful toxins that kill fish and make shellfish dangerous to eat. In this episode, we take a look at three stories about how NOAA is addressing this serious problem.
          Educational Gaming (Episode 38)        
Join us for a talk with one of the key people behind 'WaterLife: Where the River Meets the Sea,' NOAA's first major foray into the world of educational gaming.
          World Maritime Day 2009 (Episode 37)        
In recognition of World Maritime Day, celebrated in the U.S. on Oct. 16, we're joined by the director of NOAA's Coast Survey to talk about nautical charts and the maritime transportation system. Want to know what nautical charts have to do with Thomas Jefferson, mine sweepers, and the stuff you buy in a big box store? Just how big are some of the ships plying our waterways these days? What effect might rising sea levels have on the future of shipping? Find out in this special edition of Making Waves.
          Battle of the Atlantic Expedition; New Gulf Marine Sanctuary Report (Episode 35)        
Battle of the Atlantic Expedition:
NOAA leads an underwater archeology project to find World War II shipwrecks off the coast of North Carolina.

New Gulf Marine Sanctuary Report:
A new report finds that the coral reefs in Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary are doing quite well, but are at risk of future threats.
          High-Water Mystery; nowCOAST; Wetlands Restoration (Episode 34)        
A High Tide Mystery off the Atlantic Coast:
NOAA's Tides and Currents office is investigating the causes behind an unusually high tide in June that stretched from Maine to Florida.

An online interactive map from NOAA's Office of Coast Survey provides an amazing amount of near real-time weather forecasts and ocean surface observations for all of the U.S.

Texas Wetlands Restoration Project Completed:
NOAA's Damage Assessment, Remediation and Restoration Program just completed shepherding a major coastal restoration project -- over 2,500 acres of wetlands -- near Port Arthur, Texas.
          Gulf Dead Zone Size Measured; NOAA Funding Helps Manage New England Red Tide (Episode 32)        
2009 Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Size Measured:
The size of the dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico is slightly smaller than expected this year, but it's still going to be severe.

NOAA Funding Helps Manage New England Red Tide:
NOAA provides emergency funding to support sampling, mapping, and forecasting of a massive red tide in New England.
          Ocean for Life (Episode 31)        
A new program called Ocean for Life is bringing together students from around the world to help bridge cultural divides through ocean science. We talk with the NOAA coordinator for Ocean for Life to learn more.
          NOAA Restoration Day 2009 (Episode 29)        
This week, we travel north of Baltimore to Otter Point Creek to join up with scores of NOAA volunteers gathered for NOAA Restoration Day. Over the past six years, Restoration Day has grown to become one of the largest federal employee-sponsored environmental stewardship events in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Podcast guests include Restoration Day event organizer, park manager at Otter Point Creek's Anita C. Leight Estuary Center, the deputy secretary of Maryland's Department of Natural Resources, and the deputy director of the NOAA Chesapeake Bay office.
          Interview with Marine Life Artist Wyland on New FOCUS Campaign (Episode 28)        
Join us this week for a talk with environmental marine life artist Wyland about a new campaign to inspire kids with art and science. It's called FOCUS -- Forests, Oceans, Climate, and US -- and it kicks off on the National Mall in Washington, DC, on June 11. The five-year campaign is a partnership between the Wyland Foundation, NOAA, the National Aquarium, and the U.S. Forest Service.
          New PORTS Station Opens in Lake Charles, Louisiana (Episode 26)        
Mariners can now get free real-time information on water and weather conditions for the Port of Lake Charles, La., from a new NOAA ocean observing system at the port called NOAA Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS). We talk with the PORTS program manager to learn what this system is all about.
          Bay Hydro II Joins the NOAA Fleet; Tropical Fungus Range Expands into Northern Waters (Episode 24)        
Join us this week to learn about Bay Hydro II, the newest addition to NOAA's fleet of hydrographic research vessels. We also take a look at a new NOAA-led study that finds a type of tropical fungus called lobomycosis is now infecting bottlenose dolphins off the coast of North Carolina.
          Ocean Glider Set to Attempt Atlantic Crossing (Episode 23)        
Undergraduate students from Rutgers University are finalizing preparations to launch an ocean glider on a journey from New Jersey to Spain. If the craft completes the trip, it will be the first unmanned underwater vehicle to successfully cross the Atlantic. We talk to Zdenka Willis, program director for NOAA's Integrated Ocean Observing System, about the upcoming mission and the future of ocean observing.
          Flame Retardants Found in U.S. Coastal Ecosystems Nationwide (Episode 22)        
A new NOAA report finds that man-made toxic chemicals used as flame retardants in consumer products are found in all U.S. coastal waters and the Great Lakes. The chemicals--Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers, or PBDEs--have generated international concern in recent years due to their global distribution and associated adverse environmental and human health effects. We talk with one of the authors of the report.
          Caribbean Research Cruise; New Online Game for Kids (Episode 21)        
Ocean service scientists are heading out to sea on the NOAA ship Nancy Foster for a two-week Caribbean mission to study coral reef ecosystems and fish habitats. And NOS launches a new Flash-based online game for kids called "Waterlife; Where the Rivers Meet the Sea."
          Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 20th Anniversary Special (Episode 20)        
Twenty years ago this month, nearly 11 million gallons of crude oil spilled into Alaska's Prince William Sound after the oil tanker Exxon Valdez grounded on a reef. It was and still is the single largest spill to ever occur along the coastal U.S. Join us in this special podcast as we talk with Dr. Alan Mearns, senior staff scientist with NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration. Mearns was involved in the initial spill response for the Exxon Valdez accident, and spent years leading a project that continues to monitor the long-term impact of the huge oil spill.
          New Study Links Sea Foam to Unexplained Seabird Deaths and Strandings (Episode 19)        
In 2007, hundreds of birds were found stranded or dead in California's Monterey Bay, coated with an unknown yellow-green substance that was eating away at the protective covering on their feathers. A new study partly funded by NOAA reveals what happened. We talk with one of the researchers involved in the effort.
          Shipwreck added to Historic Register; 15th Anniversary of Positioning Network (Episode 18)        
An early 20th century shipwreck located in a NOAA National Marine Sanctuary is added to the National Register of Historic Places. And the National Geodetic Survey celebrates the 15th anniversary of the Continuously Operating Reference Station program.
          NOAA lends hand for Hudson River airplane crash; West Coast algal bloom summit (Episode 17)        
This week, we talk about NOAA's role in the recent U.S. Airways airplane crash on the Hudson River near Manhattan. We then head west to learn why experts from NOAA, California, Oregon, and Washington State met last week to talk about harmful algal blooms, more commonly known as 'red tides.'
          Antibiotic resistant illnesses and potential cures in the sea (Episode 16)        
In this special edition, we're focusing on antibiotic resistance in the marine environment and potential new cures from the sea. We'll hear about three new studies presented at a NOAA-sponsored symposium at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Chicago.
          Ocean in Google Earth; predicting cholera (Episode 15)        
Users of Google Earth can now explore the depths of the ocean and discover NOAA information and images along their journey. And using ocean observations from satellites to predict the outbreak of cholera.
          Delaware River restoration; lobster trap debris (Episode 11)        
This week, NOAA and partners announce a restoration plan for shoreline and habitats of the Delaware River damaged by a 2004 oil spill. The plan is now up for public comment. And we travel to the Florida Keys to find out why NOS researchers are studying lobster trap debris.
          A importância do contexto temporal        
Ao contrário do que os alarmistas do aquecimento global gostam de fazer acreditar o clima terrestre não era um sistema estável que as actividades humanas vieram desequilibrar, ele sempre esteve em constante mudança. A temperatura média global do planeta, como consequência, sempre variou. No entanto, dirá o leitor, são frequentes as notícias de novos recordes de temperatura máxima ou degelo do Ártico e Gronelândia. Os jornalistas, na sua ignorância e procura de sensacionalismo, normalmente esquecem-se de um detalhe destes recordes.

Quando os alarmistas dizem que se estabeleceu um novo máximo de temperatura média eles normalmente dizem temperatura mais elevada desde que há registos (on record). E em quase tudo aquilo que diz respeito a clima os registos têm no máximo 50 anos. No caso específico da temperatura o on record começa em Outubro de 1978 quando todo o Globo passou a ter aferição de temperatura por satélite. Ou seja, para os recordes sensacionais de que se falam, contam registos que equivalem a uma geração humana. Terá valor estatístico? Pensemos na nossa primeira Liga de futebol.

Imaginemos que a estatística do nosso primeiro campeonato tem apenas um ano. Que conclusão se pode tirar? Que o Sporting é uma equipa de meio da tabela. E se os registos fossem de dez anos? Nesse caso seria indiscutível que o Porto domina o futebol nacional. Quer uma quer outra conclusão estão erradas se olharmos para o historial do futebol português. O Sporting é uma das melhores equipas portuguesas e o Benfica é o clube com mais campeonatos ganhos. Analisar o futebol português numa temporada ou em dez não dá uma perspectiva fidedigna do futebol em Portugal.

Se voltarmos à temperatura é fácil de entender que o intervalo 1979-2012 não é estatisticamente relevante face à vida de um planeta que já conta com milhares de milhões de anos. Gritar recordes com tão pequena amostra não é ciência, antes propaganda alarmista.

Quanto mais se recua no tempo menos registos de temperatura existem. De 1850 para trás os dados de temperatura são obtidos indirectamente através de proxies (anéis de troncos de árvore, camadas de gelo milenar, etc). Poder-se-à dizer que é uma forma falível de se obter valores de temperatura mas é a única forma e é por isso melhor do que nada. Para além disso, e no que toca aos últimos 2.000 anos, os gráficos construídos são corroborados por indícios e descrições que se encontram na literatura, pintura, etc. 
Os gráficos de temperatura têm uma evolução aleatória que faz lembrar a da cotação de activos bolsistas. Os analistas técnicos procuram identificar nestes gráficos bolsistas tendências futuras baseando-se no comportamento passado. E quando um analista técnico faz uma previsão de tendência futura jamais esquece algo, definir o horizonte temporal. "O índice PSI20 está com uma tendência positiva de curto prazo" "No médio prazo estou bullish na EDP". Uma previsão de evolução de um gráfico precisa de ser suportada no desempenho passado e o alcance dela tem que ter um intervalo de tempo consideravelmente inferior para poder ter uma probabilidade relevante. É lógico que fazer uma previsão para cem anos com uma amostra dos dez passados não passa de um palpite.

Na verdade, as previsões de tendência de evolução do clima dos alarmistas não se baseiam em análise do passado mas em modelos computacionais. Não têm por isso validade matemática. O que estes modelos fazem é computar cenários futuros hipotéticos, isto é, fazer palpites. E todos eles falharam como o próprio IPCC reconhece aqui.

Mas porque é que supostos cientistas falham num rigor estatístico que os analistas técnicos não descuram? Existem duas razões, a primeira é que do trabalho dos analistas técnicos resultam investimentos privados, pessoas concretas que reclamam se perderem dinheiro. As previsões do IPCC influenciam políticas que os países fazem com dinheiro público e, como se sabe, a culpa da má utilização de dinheiros públicos morre solteira. A segunda razão é que a análise técnica faz previsões para horas, dias, no máximo semanas, logo a sua validade é rapidamente confirmada. Ao invés, são precisas pelo menos três décadas para aferir a eficácia das previsões do IPCC. Ao fim de 20 anos de modelos computacionais começa a ficar evidente que a temperatura média da Terra não segue nenhum dos palpites do IPCC.

Vamos a factos. Nos últimos 2.000 anos a temperatura média global do planeta variou num intervalo de 1,2ºC como se pode ver no primeiro gráfico elaborado pelo climatólogo Roy Spencer a partir da reconstrução de temperaturas com proxies tiradas deste paper (a tracejado já são valores medidos no último século). O pico máximo deu-se por volta do ano 900 durante o chamado Período Quente Medieval e o mínimo há cerca de 400 anos durante a Pequena Era Glacial. A temperatura actual ainda está cerca de 0,2ºC abaixo daquilo que se pensa ser o máximo dos últimos 2.000 anos.

Apesar de dois milénios ser um horizonte temporal bastante mais significativo do que os 33 anos que separam 1979 de 2012 seria ainda assim estéril gritar recordes. E falso uma vez que os valores de temperatura actuais nada têm de extraordinário.

Podemos olhar apenas para o período com dados reais de satélite (1979-2012) patente neste segundo gráfico também construído por Roy Spencer. Os dados vêm do alarmista National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) e por isso são insuspeitos.

O gráfico mostra que nos últimos 15 anos a temperatura do planeta não aumenta. O valor mais elevado on record é o de 1998 em virtude de um El nino particularmente forte. É caso para perguntar, quem é que está actualmente em negação, os cépticos ou os alarmistas?

          EcoZone initiative; record year for spill clean-up; height modernization (Episode 2)        
This week, we talk about NOAA's role in a new public-private partnership called the EcoZone® Green Schools Initiative. Then we look at the busiest year on record for the NOS Office of Response and Restoration, the NOAA office that responds to oil and chemical spills around the nation. Finally, we talk about a National Geodetic Survey effort to revolutionize the measurement of height by measuring gravity around the country. We wrap up the episode with a closer look at how gravity and height are related.
          Tracking sea turtles with sonar; coral bleaching (Episode 1)        
This week we bring you research on the use of sonar to track threatened sea turtles, NOAA's new Ocean Today Kiosk, and recent upgrades to the space-based global coral bleaching monitoring network. We end the show with a look at some of the things reef managers and scientists can do to protect a reef when the ocean overheats.
          D P BuZZ - November 29, 2012        

New interviews every show! Join Larry Jordan and Michael Horton this week as they talk with:r

Navarro Parker, Motion Graphics Animator — and – Bradley “Gmunk” Munkowski, Design Directorr

The latest James Bond film, “Skyfall,” has captured the attention of movie-goers around the world and inspired other to emulate its effects. Recently, Sony created “Mouse and Cat,” a TV, print and web-based campaign which leverages the James Bond franchise. Two members of the effects team that created the broadcast commercial join us this week to talk about their work: Navarro Parker and Bradley “Gmunk” Munkowitz. We want to learn what they they did, the tools they used, and how they went about planning their effects. This will be an exciting interview.r

Michelle Yamazaki, VP – Marketing, ToolFarmr

Our favorite plug-in-ologist, Michele Yamazaki, VP of Marketing for ToolFarm, joins us again this week to share her latest findings on new plug-ins for filmmakers and editors. Cool tools, and some cool toys, as Michele explains on this week’s show.r

John Dower, Filmmaker, “Bradley Wiggins – A Year in Yellow”r

Filmmaker John Dower spent a year producing a documentary about the Tour de France and its winner, Bradley Wiggins. The film, “Bradley Wiggins – A Year in Yellow,” has just been released to the festival circuit. John joins us this week to tell us more about his film, and why he decided to make it.r

Jonathan Handel, Entertainment Labor Reporter, The Hollywood Reporterr

When activists tried to unionize New Zealand actors on The Hobbit, they knew it wouldn’t be easy. In fact, New Zealand has the world’s only non-union English-language film business. In his book, The New Zealand Hobbit Crisis, reporter Jonathan Handel covered the negotiations and the repercussions. Jonathan joins us this week to tell us about the negotiations, the results and the book that chronicles all of it.r

SPECIAL REPORT: Government Video Expo 2012, Washington, DC.r

This week, the annual Government Video Expo is going in Washington, DC. On this week’s show, we have three interviews with some of the keynote speakers:r

Katie Snider, Executive Producer, “Oceans Today,” NOAAr

Kevin Beverley, Chief – Army Televisionr

Hope Hall, White House Videographer

          Why Google Earth Can't Show You Israel?        
Why Google Earth Can't Show You Israel?
Since Google launched its Google Earth feature in 2005, the company has become a worldwide leader in providing high-resolution satellite imagery. In 2010, Google Earth allowed the world to see the extent of the destruction in post-earthquake Haiti . This year, Google released similar images after Japan 's deadly tsunami and earthquake. With just one click, Google can bring the world—and a better understanding of far-away events—to your computer.
There is one entire country, however, that Google Earth won't show you: Israel .
That's because, in 1997, Congress passed the National Defense Authorization Act, one section of which is titled, "Prohibition on collection and release of detailed satellite imagery relating to Israel ." The amendment, known as the Kyl-Bingaman Amendment, calls for a federal agency, the NOAA's Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs, to regulate the dissemination of zoomed-in images of Israel .
When asked about the regulation, a Google spokeswoman told Mother Jones, "The images in Google Earth are sourced from a wide range of both commercial and public sources. We source our satellite imagery from US-based companies who are subject to US law, including the Kyl-Bingaman Amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act of 1997, which limits the resolution of imagery of Israel that may be commercially distributed."
And it's not just Israel . The regulation also applies to the occupied territories. It's why Human Rights Watch can't provide detailed imagery of the Gaza Strip in its reports. Of course, this regulation cuts both ways; one also cannot see the destruction in Sderot resulting from rockets sent out of Gaza .
But, the impact of the regulation might be dwindling; after all, the US can only regulate the actions of American corporations. Turkey recently announced that its GokTurk satellite will provide high-resolution imagery of Israel when it becomes operational in 2013. Israel is unhappy with this possibility: An Israeli official told Al-Arabiya, "We try to ensure that we are not photographed at high resolutions, and most (countries) accommodate us." The official adds: "Should we request this of the Turks? We won't ask for it. There is no one to talk to."

Plecăm de la Iaşi spre Durău cu o maşină pusă la dispoziţie cu amabilitate de Prof. univ. Dr. Vasile BURLUI. Sporovăim poate şi în intenţia de a ne pierde timpul despre de toate, dar mai ales despre starea drumurilor, care nu este grozavă, dar şi despre vina autorităţilor de a scoate în evidenţă singurele două domenii care cu minimă investiţie ne-ar aduce profit, anume agricultura şi turismul. Peisajul este magnific, natura fiind darnică pentru această naţiune. Trecem pe lângă localitatea Bicaz, cu tot ce înseamnă energetică şi plonjăm în raiul din jurul muntelui Ceahlău, plin deja de zăpadă. Durău pare o insulă abandonată, lipsind inclusiv indicatoarele. Ajungem la Cabana Pelerinului, situată în centrul staţiunii, vizavi de mănăstirea ce poartă denumirea staţiunii, în vecinătatea a două supermarketuri cu rafturi pline, dar fără cumpărători. E sărăcie lucie în zonă, ceva agitaţie fiind doar vara. Este Sesiunea Ştiinţifică de Toamnă 2016 a Academieiei Oamenilor de Ştiinţă din România, desfăşurată sub genericul ’’Ştiinţă-Cunoaştere-Creativitate-Spiritualitate’’. ...
Festivitatea a avut loc recent, în sala „Unirii” a Muzeului de Istorie, la care a participat elita intelectualității, prevalent exponenți ai vieții universitare, academice și literare ieșene. După cunoașterea mea, acesta este cel de-al cincisprezecelea volum de versuri pe care, reputatul om de știință și talentatul poet Vasile Burlui îl lansează la Iași, îmbogățind astfel palmaresul operei sale literare, poetice. Exegeza, analiza acestei noi și deosebit de valoroase creații literare, a revenit unor poeți și scriitori consacrați, de mare prestigiu, precum Ioan Holban, Cassian Maria Spiridon, Adi Cristi, Paul Gorban ș.a. Am trăit momente de elevată satisfacție spirituală, alături de un public exigent și receptiv. Această nouă întâlnire cu savantul și poetul Vasile Burlui mi-a generat profunde meditații, reflecții inerente, ad hoc, și sunt convins că nu numai mie. Acestea s-au derulat, în primul rând, în legătură cu personalitatea complexă a autorului, cu actul său de creație multivalent și mai ales cu privire la „izvorul nesecat de inspirație poetică”, dar și la opera sa științifică, ...
Recenzie de Prof. univ. Dr. Constantin Gh. MARINESCU Cu mare satisfacție am primit o nouă lucrare de Istorie a Românilor, scrisă de reputatul publicist, istoric și economist, profesorul Ioan Străjan, Președintele Fundației „Alba Iulia” și Directorul valoroasei reviste cu același titlu. Lucrarea apare cu subtitlul „Adunarea de protest de la Alba Iulia, din 29 mai 1922, împotriva înființării Episcopiei greco-catolice maghiare la Hajdu-Durog” și a văzut lumina tiparului în anul 2014, la prestigioasa Editură „Tipo Moldova” din Iași, în colecția „Omnia. Carte de Istorie”. De la început doresc să subliniez că este de bun augur colaborarea dintre cele două mari citadele ale Unionismului Românesc, Alba Iulia și Iași, într-un domeniu mai puțin bătătorit, și anume publicistica istorică. Lucrarea profesorului Ioan Străjan vine să pună în relief, cu pregnanță, locul și rolul său în cunoașterea aprofundată și afirmarea valorilor istoriei naționale, a problemelor cardinale din domeniul Spiritualității românești. ...
          PROTEST de POMPILIU COMSA        
PRO ANTI Corespondenţă în eclusivitate din SUA PROTEST Distinse Dle Prof.univ.Dr VASILE BURLUI, Preşedinte al Universităţii Apollonia din IAŞI, ROMÂNIA. Am aflat cu mare regret de nedreptăţile la care este supusă prestigioasa Universitate ieşeană APOLLONIA . Având avantajul că am avut şansa de a cunoaşte direct aspecte esenţiale din activitatea acestei unităţi de învăţământ superior pe care o conduceţi cu atâta har şi competenţă surprinderea noastră este cu atât mai mare şi de neînţeles. Ştiu că Universitatea Apollonia dispune de o performantă şi modernă bază didactico-materială, de un management performant şi de un personal didactic de înaltă calitate didactico-ştiinţifică. Universitatea Apollonia s-a evidenţiat an de an printr-o remarcabilă activitate de cercetare ştiinţifică la care sunt atraşi şi studenţii, care participă cu mult entuziasm. Din informaţiile pe care le avem şi rezultatele studenţilor la examenele curente, inclusiv la cele de licenţă sunt de apreciat. Şi în faţa unor asemenea realizări echipa de la ARACIS n-a reuşit să le vadă, să le evalueze obiectiv, dar ...
de Ionel Pintilii În societatea românească postdecembristă, imoralitatea a ajuns la cote alarmante. Unele entităţi naţionale, mai apropiate sau mai îndepărtate de graniţele actuale ale României, îşi dispută întâietatea, paternitatea asupra unor personalităţi marcante româneşti şi caută să le integreze în cultura lor, iar unele elemente alogene, minimalizează valorile naţionale, perene, tradiţionale sau „ascund în debara”, comori ale culturii şi spiritualităţii româneşti. Eforturile timide ale unor persoane sau grupuri de persoane, fundaţii, asociaţii cultural-patriotice etc., de a reliefa contribuţia culturii şi inventicii româneşti la cea universală, la dezvoltarea în general a omenirii sunt palide, inconsistente. Considerăm benefic orice gest făcut în acest sens care ar ajuta la promovarea şi cunoaşterea marilor şi importantelor realizări în diverse domenii înfăptuite de către oameni care s-au născut, au învăţat şi creat pe aceste minunate meleaguri româneşti. ...
CĂLĂTORII ALE SUFLETULUI SPIRITULUI ÎN CARE VĂ POFTEŞTE CRISTINA EMANUELA DASCĂLU De ceva timp – recunosc cu jenă pentru prietenii mei care mi le-au trimis cu speranţă – zac mai multe volume oferite spre lectură şi eventuală recenzare. Printre ele, trei semnate de colega mea de la Universitatea ”Apollonia” Iaşi, două în română şi unul în engleză, limbă pe care o stăpâneşte la perfecţie, mai ales după ce a predat ani buni în Statele Unite. E adevărat şi un alt fapt când îl atinge aripa inspiraţiei, românul se apucă de literatură. Brusc şi la vârste diferite. Fără să fi dat prea multe semne înainte că i-ar interesa să se recalifice. Ei nu scriu pentru că sunt bântuiţi de vreun demon al frustării, ci pentru că aşa simt. Scriem, vorbim, simţim, deci suntem materie şi spirit. Scopul vieţii este evoluţia, capătă sens. Conştientizăm timpul, definim cunoaşterea, experienţa, îmbunătăţim sufletul şi-l facem nemuritor. Cogito, ergo sum Scopul vieţii este ”devenirea”. Spunea odată Coelho ”Eu nu sunt un corp care are suflet, sunt un suflet care are o parte vizibilă numită corp”. ...
UN ELEGIAC DEMN Despre Vasile Burlui nu ştiu prea multe. De a lungul anilor, mi au trecut prin preajma auzului mediatic câteva veşti generate de varii întâmplări din lumea universitară ieşeană. Dacă mi amintesc corect, veştile erau într un timp de rău, în altul de bine şi tot aşa, într o alternanţă devenită specifică pentru media românească scrisă, văzută sau vorbită din om în om. Mai ales când vin dinspre spaţiile universitare, veştile nu prea merită crezare, nici cele bune, din păcate, nici cele rele, din fericire. În spatele lor sunt, deseori, interese, intrigi, grupări şi competiţii interne pe care nu le poţi niciodată cunoaşte cu deplină obiectivitate. Recunosc că nici despre poezia universitarului ieşean nu ştiam mai mult. În ultimii ani m am dedicat mai degrabă cercetărilor de istorie literară decât sincronizării receptive cu literatura Mi a vorbit despre ea mai întâi un e mail, compus cu aristocratică eleganţă chiar de autorul ei, care mă ruga politicos, în urmă cu câteva luni, să citesc un manuscris şi, dacă mi se pare interesant, să prefaţez volumul în care ...
5 OCTOMBRIE-ZIUA MONDIALĂ A EDUCATORULUI OBIECTIVE ŞI PLAN DE ACŢIUNE de Prof.univ. asoc. Pompiliu COMŞA La 5 OCTOMBRIE sărbătorim „ZIUA MONDIALĂ A EDUCATORULUI”. Părinţii, autorităţile locale şi societatea civilă trebuie să devină parteneri responsabili ai formării viitoarelor generaţii. Lansăm Proiectul “RESPECT TOTAL ÎN ŞCOLI, ÎN COMUNITATE, ÎN SOCIETATEA ROMÂNESCĂ”, pentru creşterea calităţii şi eficienţei educaţiei.ZIUA MONDIALĂ A EDUCATORULUI a fost stabilită de UNESCO şi Proclamată de Adunarea Generală a ONU. În octombrie 1966, la Paris, în cadrul Conferinţei Interguvernamentale Speciale, referitoare la Statutul Profesorilor, s-a hotărât ca data de 5 OCTOMBRIE să constituie ZIUA MONDIALĂ A EDUCATORULUI, aceasta reprezentând recunoaşterea rolului educatorilor şi contribuţiei lor la dezvoltarea omului şi a societăţii moderne. Recomandările UNESCO prevăd responsabilitatea Statelor de a furniza o educaţie adecvată tuturor pentru traducerea în fapt a art. 26 din Declaraţia Universală a Drepturilor Copilului şi a Declaraţiei ONU privind promovarea în rândul ...
RECENZIE Acad. Constantin Marinescu Recent, a văzut lumina tiparului, la Editura Apollonia din Iaşi, o lucrare de mare interes cultural şi publicistic, intitulată Monografia comunei Suceveni, elaborată de cunoscutul ziarist şi publicist gălăţean Pompiliu Comşa, Directorul Trustului de presă POMPIDU. Lucrarea beneficiază de o valoroasă Prefaţă întocmită de Prof. univ. Dr. Vasile Burlui, Preşedintele Universităţii Apollonia din Iaşi, care face o introducere, o deschidere benefică, temeinic documentată în vasta problematică privind trecutul, prezentul şi viitorul, respectiv proiectele dezvoltării şi promovării civilizaţiei rurale, în această comună gălăţeană, încărcată de istorie şi valori inconfundabile. De asemenea, aceeaşi lucrare a pătruns cu interes în circuitul publicistic, ştiinţific şi cultural românesc, şi ca urmare a unei ample Postfeţe, care analizează aprofundat, problematica abordată de autor, contribuţia sa la cunoaşterea specificului rural, a particularităţilor de viaţă religioase, culturale şi social-economice ale populaţiei comunei Suceveni. ...
ZILELE UNIVERSITĂŢII APOLLONIA-ediţia a XXII-a, Iaşi Prin misiunea asumată de promotor al valorilor academice, Universitatea Apollonia din Iaşi pune accent în mod permanent pe cele trei componente de bază culturală, educativă şi formativă de pregătire a tinerei generaţii, având în vedere rolul şi viitorul universităţilor într-o economie a cunoaşterii şi o societate a creativităţii. Personalizare, diversitate şi transparenţă - cele trei principii promovate de Viziunea 2025 privind învăţământul superior din România – reprezintă punctul de plecare al acţiunilor organizate de universitatea din Păcurari, în beneficiul studenţilor şi al societăţii pentru care aceştia sunt pregătiţi. Ca în fiecare an de la înfiinţarea Universităţii Apollonia, perioada de o lună cuprinsă între sărbătoarea Sfintei Apollonia, din ziua de 9 februarie şi sărbătoarea celor 40 de Mucenici din Sevastia, din ziua de 9 martie, reprezintă o sumă de evenimente ştiinţifice, cultural-educative şi sportive care se adresează atât studenţilor şi cadrelor didactice din universitate, cât şi invitaţilor ...
          NONE de POMPILIU COMSA        
ZILELE UNIVERSITĂŢII APOLLONIA EDIŢIA A XXII-a IAŞI 9 FEBRUARIE - 9 MARTIE 2012 Universitatea Apollonia din Iaşi organizează, în perioada 9 februarie – 9 martie 2012, o serie de manifestări ştiinţifice, culturale şi sportive, în cadrul evenimentelor anuale, devenite tradiţionale, reunite sub genericul „Zilele Universităţii Apollonia”. Prin misiunea asumată de promotor al valorilor academice, Universitatea Apollonia din Iaşi pune accent în mod permanent pe cele trei compunente de bază culturală, educativă şi formativă de pregătire a tinerei generaţii, având în vedere rolul şi viitorul universităţilor într-o economie a cunoaşterii şi o societate a creativităţii. Personalizare, diversitate şi transparenţă - cele trei principii promovate de Viziunea 2025 privind învăţământul superior din România – reprezintă punctul de plecare al acţiunilor organizate de universitatea noastră, în beneficiul studenţilor şi al societăţii pentru care aceştia sunt pregătiţi. ...
ROMÂNII, O NAŢIE CU ŢARA ÎNGHESUITĂ LA DOUĂ CAPETE Motto ''Dacă aţi avea decenţa să înţelegeţi în ce lume trăiţi cu adevărat, v-ar îngheţa sufletele'' Negru Vodă În spaţiul public, în ultimii 21 de ani, a dispărut ruşinea. Poate şi înainte era vizibil fenomenul, dar nimeni nu-l aducea în lumina reflectoarelor. Până în decembrie '89 valorile celor care locuiau în acest spaţiu şi cu tristeţe îşi spuneau români erau foarte bine cristalizate şi în general, cu foarte mici excepţii, totul se îndrepta spre cunoaştere. De bine de rău, de pildă, profesorii şi cei care aveau studii errau respectaţi, nu pentru banii lor, ci pentru ce reprezentau ei în societate. Exista un respect major pentru intelectuali, respect acordat necondiţionat şi fără să se pună întrebări. Fiecare familie, fiecare părinte, îşi dorea ca cel puţin un copil să-i ajungă student, să fie inginer, profesor sau doctor. Apoi banul a început să conteze, banul a început să corupă. De aceea nu mai există o scară a valorilor, există doar diplome şi multă prostie. Unii spun că suntem în plină dictatură a prostimii. Numai că dictatura ...
Vă propunem ca ministru al agriculturii pe gălăţeanul GAVRILĂ TUCHILUŞ din Matca Cine-l cunoaşte pe omul, pe profesionistul de excepţie GAVRILĂ TUCHILUŞ, directorul de la AGRIMAT Matca, ştie că nu ne jucăm cu vorbele şi că propunerea noastră este pe deplin justificată, aici fiind pe deplin acoperit în fapte proverbul ''Omul sfinţeşte locul''. Pentru ceilalţi, vom argumenta şi susţine afirmaţia mai jos, în 8 puncte. 1. În anii '90, agricultura României a trecut printr-o criză fără precedent. Desfiinţarea CAP-urilor a dus la apariţia a milioane de ţărani cu 1-10 ha de teren care, din cauza fărămiţării excesive a parcelelor, din lipsa unui minim de dotare tehnică şi pe fondul perpetuării unor cunoştiinţe precare privind tehnologiile de cultură, nu au reuşit să producă suficientă hrană pentru populaţia României. Singura salvare pentru siguranţa alimentară a ţării noastre erau fostele IAS-uri, dar politicile dezastruoase în domeniu, preţurile produselor agricole fixate de stat şi liberalizarea preţurilor la importuri, alături de un management defectuos al acestor unităţi, a dus, în foarte ...
          @> Best DeLorme AE-008372-201 Earthmate PN-60w with Topo North America and Map Pack Review        
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          Carrying Albert Home        
Carrying Albert Home
author: Homer Hickam
name: Lawyer
average rating: 3.99
book published: 2015
rating: 5
read at: 2016/05/10
date added: 2016/05/10
shelves: 2016, love, marriage, journey, tall-tales, family, kismet, 1930s, great-depression, homer-hickam
Carrying Albert Home: Lessons From the Road

Carrying Albert Home: The Somewhat True Story of A Man, His Wife, and Her Alligator by Homer Hickam was chosen by Tom Mathews as his Moderator's Choice for On the Southern Literary Trail for May, 2016. Many thanks to Tom and especially to Homer Hickam who participated in a Question and Answer Discussion with the Group about his novel.


Let us be lovers,
We'll marry our fortunes together.
I've got some real estate
Here in my bag.

Paul Simon, 1968

Do yourself a favor and read Carrying Albert Home: The Somewhat True Story of A Man, His Wife, and Her Alligator by Homer Hickam. It will make you feel good. It will make you smile, laugh, cry, and appreciate the great mysteries of life. Mysteries such as why we're here, where we've been, where we're going, and what's the point of it all.

“But that’s what kismet is. It makes us careen off in odd directions from which we learn not only what life is about but what it is for. This journey may be nothing less than your chance to discover these things.”-The Captain, Homer's wise employer

On the surface of things, this is the tale of a great American road trip from Coalwood, West Virginia, all the way to Key West, Florida, in 1935, in the midst of the great depression. The travelers are Homer and Elsie Hickam, the author's parents. The purpose of the trip is to carry Albert home. Albert the alligator, a wedding gift from Buddy Ebsen, whom Elsie had known in Orlando, Florida, before Ebsen decided to journey to New York City in search of stardom as a dancer.

Albert represents something decidedly different to Homer and Elsie. Elsie viewed Albert as a gift solely to her from a handsome young man who became a star, the possibility of a love that might yet be fulfilled. She hates the West Virginia town of Coalwood. She wonders whether she should be married to coal miner Homer Hickam.

For Homer Hickam, Albert represents a competitor for his wife's affections. Buddy Ebsen is a phantom he cannot fight. Homer knows he is a coal miner, that he will never be a star, that he cannot even dance. When Albert clamps his toothy grin on Homer's pants leg, Homer issues an ultimatum. Either Albert goes, or he goes. To his dismay, Elsie thinks about it a week before she agrees to give up Albert, but only if Homer carries Albert home to Florida. With Elsie, of course, who never wants to return to Coalwood again.

What follows is a series of adventures and misadventures of epic proportion through great depression America. With $100.00 borrowed from the coal company and a 1925 Buick Touring Car, Homer doggedly drives south towards Florida. Albert rides in the back seat in a wash tub, showing his approval by his happy sounds of "Yeah, yeah, yeah." A mysterious rooster flies through the window to either perch on Albert's head or Homer's shoulder. Neither Albert nor Elsie ever understand why the rooster is there. Perhaps, it's pointed out by more than one person they encounter on the journey, he's a guardian angel, or spirit.

And perhaps there's more to this journey than the simple purpose of carrying Albert home. Both Homer and Elsie have a lot to learn about themselves and each other. Sometimes the point of a journey lies not in the destination but journey itself. Isn't that the perfect allegory for what we call life?

So, it should come as no surprise that Homer's attitude toward Albert should begin to change. How many alligators can stop a bank robbery? Nor should it come as a surprise that Elsie increasingly notices Homer's dependability in doing what is necessary to take Albert home.

Every odyssey needs its sage. Carrying Albert Home: The Somewhat True Story of A Man, His Wife, and Her Alligator presents two; John Steinbeck, and Ernest Hemingway. They serve as bookends to the love story of Homer and Elsie Hickam. Between strike breaking in North Carolina and the Great Hurricane of 1935, in which these two literary icons figure, Elsie and Homer learn much of life and each other.

“So, you met Steinbeck,” mused Hemingway over his port after the women had left. “It is a fateful peculiarity that you might meet him and me at virtually the same time. To what do you attribute that, Homer?” “I don’t know, sir,” Homer answered. “Just the way it worked out, I guess.” “Don’t you believe it. There are no coincidences in life. Although the big God of the Hebrews might be the greatest of them, I believe there are small gods who watch out and sometimes determine our fate. I believe they also like to have a little fun with us from time to time. Kismet. You heard of it?”

This is tall tale telling at its best. Hickam weaves his story in the loom of family legend. Each of us have similar stories passed down within our own families. These tales are the ones we cherish and serve as the glue that blesses the familial ties that bind. As the little man
Michaleen Oge Flynn said in John Ford's The Quiet Man "Homeric! Impetuous!"

A story that's almost true? I believe every word of it.


Buddy Ebsen

Ebsen showed up in NYC in 1928 with $26.75 and his sister, Vilma. Ebsen took a job in a soda fountain. Both he and his sister were dancers and began their professional career in Broadway chorus lines. He broke into films in 1935. Ebsen signed with MGM at $1500 a week. Not bad for the great depression. He was set to star as the Tin Man in "The Wizard of Oz." The aluminum makeup made him seriously ill. Throughout his life he referred to Oz as "that damned movie." Ebsen pulled out of the cast.

Ebsen is best remembered as Jed Clampett. But he was also Doc Golightly, Holly's much older husband in "Breakfast at Tiffanys." After the run of Beverly Hillbillies, Ebsen put in eight seasons, nearly 180 episodes of "Barnaby Jones," from 1973 to 1980.

Ebsen was married three times. He died in 2013. His exact net worth is unknown, but he died a multimillionaire.

Rich? Depends on how you define wealth. I put my money on Homer, Sr. and Elsie.

 photo Ebsen 1928_zpsujlfuwgu.jpg
Buddy Ebsen, Promotional Photo, Circa 1928

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Buddy Ebsen as the Tin Man

The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935

From Wikipedia:

The 1935 Labor Day Hurricane is the strongest and most intense hurricane to make landfall in the United States and the Atlantic Basin in recorded history. The second tropical cyclone, second hurricane, and second major hurricane of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season, the Labor Day Hurricane was the first of three Category 5 hurricanes at landfall that the United States endured during the 20th Century (the other two being 1969's Hurricane Camille and 1992's Hurricane Andrew). After forming as a weak tropical storm east of the Bahamas on August 29, it slowly proceeded westward and became a hurricane on September 1. Northeast storm warnings[1] were ordered displayed Fort Pierce to Fort Myers in the September 1, 9:30 AM Weather Bureau advisory.[2] Upon receipt of this advisory the U. S. Coast Guard Station, Miami, FL, sent a plane along the coast to advise boaters and campers of the impending danger by dropping message blocks. A second flight was made Sunday afternoon. All planes were placed in the hangar and its door closed at 10:00 AM Monday morning.[3][4]

The 3:30 AM advisory, September 2 (Labor Day), predicted the disturbance "will probably pass through the Florida Straits Monday" and cautioned "against high tides and gales Florida Keys and ships in path."[5] The 1:30 PM advisory ordered hurricane warnings[1] for the Key West district[2] which extended north to Key Largo.[6] At around 2:00 PM, Fred Ghent, Assistant Administrator, Florida Emergency Relief Administration, requested a special train to evacuate the veterans work camps located in the upper keys.[7] It departed Miami at 4:25 PM; delayed by a draw bridge opening, obstructions across the track, poor visibility and the necessity to back the locomotive below Homestead (so it could head out on the return trip[8]) the train finally arrived at the Islamorada station on Upper Matecumbe Key at about 8:20 PM. This coincided with an abrupt wind shift from northeast (Florida Bay) to southeast (Atlantic Ocean) and the arrival on the coast of the storm tide.[9] Eleven cars[10] were swept from the tracks, leaving upright only the locomotive and tender. Remarkably, everyone on the train survived.[11] The eye of the storm passed a few miles to the southwest creating a calm of about 40 minutes duration over Lower Matecumbe and 55 minutes (9:20 - 10:15 PM) over Long Key. At Camp #3 on Lower Matecumbe the surge arrived near the end of the calm with the wind close behind.[12] On Long Key it struck about midway through the calm. The waters quickly receded after carving new channels connecting the bay with the ocean. But gale force winds and high seas persisted into Tuesday, preventing rescue efforts. The storm continued northwest along the Florida west coast, weakening before its second landfall near Cedar Key, Florida on September 4.

The compact and intense hurricane caused extreme damage in the upper Florida Keys, as a storm surge of approximately 18 to 20 feet (5.5–6 meters) swept over the low-lying islands. The hurricane's strong winds and the surge destroyed nearly all the structures between Tavernier and Marathon. The town of Islamorada was obliterated. Portions of the Key West Extension of the Florida East Coast Railway were severely damaged or destroyed.

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When Hemingway Took the Government to Task for a Hurricane Disaster that Cost Hundreds of Lives, Melissah J. Pawlikowski, 9-26-05, http://historynewsnetwork.org/article...

Soon after the clouds had cleared, leaving a crystal blue horizon, the dead were counted. Between 400 and 600 people perished. What made this storm all the more tragic was that among the dead were 265 World War I veterans. At the height of the Great Depression these veterans had been sent to build a road on the low lying islands of the Florida Keys as a part of the Public Works for Veterans programs. While working, they were housed in inadequate tent-like structures provided by the Roosevelt administration. When the National Weather Bureau issued warnings for a hurricane they were not evacuated.

Shortly after the natural disaster had occurred, writer Ernest Hemingway was contacted by the editors of New Masses to write an account of the storm from an insider's perspective. Hemingway's response was the article, "Who Murdered the Vets?: A First-Hand Report on the Florida Hurricane," published September 17, 1935, just weeks after the event. Although billed as a personal account, in reality it was an outraged demand for accountability for the needless death of the veterans.

A hostile tone was established within the first few lines. "Whom did they annoy and to whom was their possible presences a political danger?" Hemingway asked. "Who sent them down to the Florida Keys and left them there in hurricane months?"

Hemingway presented the veterans not merely as murdered but almost as though they had been assassinated for someone's personal political gain or simply that they were disposed of as an unnecessary burden to the public after courageously serving their country.

Hemingway continued by pointing out that the men in charge certainly knew the possible consequences of being in Florida during hurricane season, let alone in insufficient shelter.

The writer of this article lives a long way from Washington and would not know the answers to those questions. But he does know that wealthy people, yachtsmen, fishermen such as President Hoover and Presidents Roosevelt, do not come to the Florida Keys in hurricane months.... There is a known danger to property. But veterans, especially the bonus-marching variety of veterans, are not property. They are only human beings; unsuccessful human beings, and all they have to lose is their lives. They are doing coolie labor for a top wage of $45 a month and they have been put down on the Florida Keys where they can't make trouble. It is hurricane months, sure, but if anything comes up, you can always evacuate them, can't you?
By making these statements Hemingway was not only making an argument that the government was ineffectual; he was also stating that class distinctions had played a major role in the disaster. Not only had the government failed to save its veterans, officials had felt the veterans were disposable. Hemingway went on to illustrate the experience common to most Floridians preparing for a coming hurricane in a pre NOAA, pre Weather Channel era. His account reinforced to non-coastal readers the reality of hurricanes with which coastal residents were familiar.

Hemingway's anger at what happened was palpable on every page:

It is not necessary to go into the deaths of the civilians and their families since they were on the Keys of their own free will; They made their living there, had property and knew the hazards involved. But the veterans had been sent there; they had no opportunity to leave, nor any protection against hurricanes; and they never had a chance for their lives. Who sent nearly a thousand war veterans, many of them husky, hard-working and simply out of luck, but many of them close to the border of pathological cases, to live in frame shacks on the Florida Keys in hurricane months?
After making the argument that the veterans had no business being sent to build a road on a narrow low-lying island during hurricane season, Hemingway turned to the aftermath of the storm.

The railroad embankment was gone and the men who had cowered behind it and finally, when the water came, clung to the rails, were all gone with it. You could find them face down and face up in the mangroves. The biggest bunch of the dead were in the tangled, always green but now brown, mangroves behind the tanks cars and the water towers. They hung on there, in shelter, until the wind and the rising water carried them away.
Hemingway's ability to ask questions while simultaneously and subtly pointing fingers throughout the article stimulated public discussion. Though Hemingway later refused to admit that he had purposely written the article to instigate political change, his account helped stimulate vigorous debate. The article in particular drew attention to the issue of class, raising awareness of inequities between the upper and lower classes.

Hemingway ended "Who Murdered the Vets?" with the final questions, "Who left you there? And what's the punishment for manslaughter now?" The first question was officially answered privately behind the closed doors of politicians. The second went unanswered. No person was ever formally charged with the neglect of the veterans. But one result of the tragedy was that the public began to demand that in the future government leaders had to be careful not to be careless with other peoples' lives.

          A particularly rambling and discursive "review" of Batman: Zero Hour         
I found this to be a curious collection. On the one hand, DC has been rather focused on going back and collecting or recollecting comics from the 1990s, and the issues between these pages--all of the then extant Batman line's tie-ins to 1994 event series Zero Hour and all the #0 issues that were released the following month--are a near-perfect sampling of the line as it existed at the time. On the other hand, because the focus of Zero Hour was in-story continuity maintenance, with a new, surprise villain destroying all of the universe in order to remake it, the side effects which included time anomalies before the #0 issues offered then-current, canonical origin stories of all the characters, these issues are no longer "relevant" in terms of their original, intended function.

Reading it cover to cover then was, for me, a weird mixture of nostalgia and regret, as DC has changed so much of what is in here in the years since. The Batman origins, of which there are three direct ones and a fourth, more thematic one, still work okay today, as DC and New 52 Batman writer Scott Snyder didn't mess much with his basic story, but the Catwoman and, especially, the Robin origins have been wiped-out and overwritten, replaced by...well, by nothing good (I still wonder about the whys of the New 52 reboot, and it seems like the point of collapsing DC's generations of heroes into a single "now" was simply all about making heroes like Batman, Superman and the others seem younger, something of rather dubious value; this collection ends with a pair of ten-year timelines, which would put Batman at maybe his early thirties...did someone with some power in corporate and/or editorial really think that was too old for the publisher's gray, gray readership to relate to?).

Also of interest was the fact that their was no introduction or preface explaining what the hell Zero Hour was*. All you get is a paragraph on the back cover:
Time is collapsing in on itself. The villainous Extant has ushered in a series of black holes that are swallowing the universe--past, present and future! The Bat-family, like everyone else in the DC Universe, has seen time loops affect their lives. The result? The return of Barbara Gordon as Batgirl, teenage Dick Grayson as Robin, and Bruce Wayne's parents, Thomas and Martha Wayne. Then, after the crisis in time has been averted, new details about the origins of Batman, Robin and Catwoman are revealed.
I guess "time is going crazy, yo" is all you really need to know to make sense of the first half of the collection, but I think some context would have helped, particularly to explain what the #0 issues have to do with the anomaly issues. (DC has collected Zero Hour into a trade of its own, by the way, although looking at Amazon, it doesn't look like Zero Hour: Crisis In Time has been republished since 1994...is that possible? Well, the series was "controversial" among some for its treatment of Hal Jordan and the Justice Society of America and, I don't know, however many Hank Hall fans there still were in the wild back then, maybe, but I liked it a lot, and Geoff Johns gradually un-did everything everyone hated about it over the years in the pages of Green Lantern and JSA.)

This trade is almost 300 pages, and collects 11 issues, so it completely dwarfs Zero Hour, which is only 160 pages and collects the five-issue miniseries, plus two prelude-like shorts from the pages of Showcase '94. Though it represents six different ongoing monthlies, the Batman line at the time was still relatively tidy compared to what it is today; counting all the satellite books, I think we're at around a dozen titles, depending on which you want to consider Batman books and which you don't, in June of 2017.** Back then, Nightwing and Birds of Prey had yet to launch as ongoing monthlies.

In the "anomaly" half of the trade, there's an issue each of Batman, Detective, Batman: Shadow of The Bat, Robin and Catwoman, each by the current creative teams of the time, which means a lot of very familiar names among the writers, and a lot of great artists. For the most part, Zero Hour provided a pretty perfect springboard for tie-ins, as it was a crossover event that presented a world-wide crisis that would find the heroes wherever the heroes were, rather than necessitating them all actively participating in a plot-line of some sort (that active participation was done in the Zero Hour miniseries proper). So the writers and editors were basically free to play with the idea of "time is screwed up," and think of the best way to use that premise to tell interesting Batman stories.

In Batman, Dough Moench, Mike Manley and Josef Rubinstein had an alternate timeline occasionally over-writing the current one, so that a Batgirl Barbara Gordon appears, and Batman and Robin Tim Drake find themselves dealing with a different Joker who killed Commissioner Gordon instead of paralyzing Barbara during The Killing Joke, a Commissioner Harvey Dent and a very confused Barbara (this Batgirl seems to be a different one that the one that appears as a major player in Zero Hour; Batman's Batgirl is apparently from an alternate timeline, while Zero Hour's Batgirl is this timeline's Batgirl from before she retired). The issue ends with Batman heading to Metropolis to meet with Superman so they can begin to figure out how to fight this new crisis, and I believe it leads directly into the fairly awesome Superman: The Man of Steel #37, which technically came out of the Superman office, but was a pretty dynamite Batman comic book, as it involved Superman being barraged with different Batmen.
Just look at all those Batmen!
In Detective, Chuck Dixon, Graham Nolan and Bob McLeod send Batman back to the night of his parents' murder, only to find that this time Bruce Wayne was shot to death in front of them, and, knowing the name of the murderer, Batman runs around pre-Batman Gotham City looking for Joe Chill to avenge his own death and/or that of his parents, only to find that apparently it wasn't Joe Chill after all...at least, not in this timeline (There's some discussion of a point of interest that Batman fans like to talk about, whether it matters if Batman ever catches the guy who shot his parents or not; here the answer is no, and it will be reflected in the "new" origins in the #0 issue portion of the books).

Man, I forgot how great Nolan's art was, and every time I see his pencils from this era I'm surprised anew regarding how clean his lines were and how elegant his figure work is. It really stands out next to the work of Manley and Bret Blevins, too, whose styles are somewhat similar, particularly in the way they draw their Batmen.
In Batman: Shadow of The Bat, Alan Grant and the aforementioned Blevins saddle Batman and Robin with an alternate version of Alfred, the overweight, bumbling, comical version who wanted to be a detective and fight crime alongside his Dynamic Duo. This issue had one of the better Zero Hour related covers, by regular Shadow cover artist Brian Stelfreeze, and it was rather well-suited to what was going on in Gotham City at the time, as the regular timeline's Alfred Pennyworth tendered his resignation towards the end of "KnightQuest," leaving Batman and Tim Drake to figure out how to feed themselves and do their own laundry.

In Robin, Dixon, Tom Grummett and Ray Kryssing team Tim up with a young, time-lost Dick Grayson, previously seen prowling around the rooftops of Batman, where Manley drew him in a charmingly Sheldon Moldoff-esque design. The Boys Wonder crack a case involving a jewel thief, but the main pleasure here is seeing the two together, allowing us to compare and contrast them (post-Flashpoint, Tim was unfortunately given a more Grayson-like background; I liked the fact that, back then, the two Robins had very, very different specialties, even though they were both competent at all-around vigilante crime-fighting and side-kicking). Well, that and seeing Grummett draw the classic Robin costume, which dammit, is a pretty great design, pants or no. This issue, like the one of Catwoman that follows, ends with the panels and art on the comic book being un-drawn as everything fades to white; this happened in many of the Zero Hour tie-ins. As Extant and Parallax un-made the DC Universe, the comic book stories were apparently fading away right before our very eyes!

Finally, in Catwoman, Jo Duffy, Jim Balent and Bob Smith have Selina Kyle waking up to find a Gotham City gone mad. There's a saber tooth tiger in her bed, and a hunky "caveman" who looks more like Ka-Zar than a primitive human ancestor in her living room. They run around the city, which is full of dinosaurs and randomly transforming vehicles and buildings until the issue disappears at the end. This isn't Balent at his best quite yet, but he's good, and, as I know I've mentioned before, it's easy to forget that the guy could draw pretty good superhero comics, given the peculiarities of the creator-owned project he's devoted his career too since.

At this point, I guess one would need to go read Zero Hour or, at least know that Superman, Damage, Green Arrow Oliver Queen and a handful of other superheroes defeated Parallax and re-created the Big Bang, essentially restarting the universe, with a few tweaks in coninuity...for the purposes of the Batman family of books, these were all pretty minor, and seemed more organizational than anything else. Batman, by the way, did not make it to the climax of Zero Hour, having been eaten by a white blackhole of nothingness while fighting dinosaurs or something in Gotham.

In Batman #0, Moench, Manley and Rubinstein tell Batman's basic origin story and abbreviated history, right up until a few months prior to the book was published, actually. In the present, they have Batman tracking down a series of killings that are a little too close to the one that took his parents for comfort, allowing for the flashbacks, each of which is colored in semi-black and white as if to evoke "Batman: Year One." The book ends, as a few of these would, with Batman thinking portentously about perhaps not being Batman anymore: "Can he really do what he must... ...and walk away from it all?"

These issues are all leading up to the next chapter of the Batman saga, which was "Prodigal," during which Dick Grayson temporarily assumed the role of Batman while Bruce Wayne went off on a mysterious "Sumatran Rat" adventure.

Shadow of the Bat #0 covered much the same ground as Batman, with Alan Grant and Bret Blevins also retelling Batman's origin, hitting a lot of the same notes. In the present, he is trying to capture a pair of thieves who are both pretty great fighters, during which time he scares a gang of young punks into hiding; knowing his reputation, they debate about what to do if they have Batman's attention, unaware of the fact that rather laying siege to them he's blocks away on more important business. The flashback sequences may cover much of the same ground, but there is a slight difference in focus, I guess, playing up Batman's fighting skills and use of fear as a psychological weapon. In another teaser to "Prodigal," the penultimate page has Bruce Wayne considering the fact that there are things that being Batman has prevented him from doing, but he knows the city needs a Batman. The last page features someone suiting up as Batman, but the language is intentionally vague: "A hand reaches for the costume," and like that.

Nolan's Batman
For Detective Comics #0, the cover of which was repurposed for that of the trade, Dixon, Nolan and Scott Hanna use the same basic formula of the previous two zero issues, showing Batman on a current case--here, a kidnapping which involves him fighting his way through a building full of bad guys--while flashing back to elements of his origin. In this case, they focus the origin on specific elements, however, so it's much different than those previous entries. Specifically, they tell of how Bruce Wayne and Alfred discovered and created the Batcave, and some of the vehicles and weapons that filled it.

There wasn't a Legends of The Dark Knight Zero Hour tie-in, but the title, like all of the DCU titles, participated in "Zero Month." This is a jam-issue of sorts, and a pretty great done-in-one, evergreen Batman story. If I can make sense of the credits correctly, editor Archie Goodwin scripted the framing sequence, in which a cartoonishly evil publishing magnate assembles a room full of writers and storytellers in his cartoonishly evil mansion to try to understand just who or what the Batman really is.
How evil is this guy? Look, he has a koala bear's head mounted on his wall. A koala bear!
And an actual room full of comic book writers and cartoonists offer various, one-page visions of Batman, including Gerard Jones, James Robinson, Steven Grant, Scott Hampton, Jeph Loeb, Mike Baron, J.M. DeMatteis, Ted McKeever, John Wagner and Roy Burdine. The all-star roster of artists that illustrate these passages are Karl Kesel, Tony Salmons, Mike Zeck, Hampton, Tim Sale, Mark Badger, Brian Murray, Steve Mitchell, John Watkiss, McKeever, Carlos Ezquerra, Frank Gomez and Phil Winslade.

The artist who contributes the most, however, is Vince Giarrano, whose work I like quite a bit. I know I've mentioned him on the blog, before, but if you're unfamiliar, Giarrano worked in a highly-exaggerated, almost Kelley Jones-like style that I like to think of as "sarcastic '90s," with huge, overly-muscled, heroic figures with lots of unnecessary lines, lots of points and melodramatic poses that, like the work of Jones, can teeter between operatic and ridiculous.
He draws the "devil bat" conception of Batman (above), which is paired with Kesel's more classic, heroic-looking "Dark Knight" conception, and the framing sequences. So it is Giarrano, of all people, who gets to draw the "real" Batman, despite the presence of so many artists with much more realistic styles. Here then, is what Batman "really" looks like:

This issue, by the way, features a cover by some kid named Joe Quesada.

For Robin #0, the regular creative team has Robin and Nightwing hanging out on a rooftop, waiting for a group of thieves to finish blow-torching their way through a safe in order to bust them. While killing time, Tim asks Dick about how he became Robin, and they essentially swap stories about their origins--and that of the late Jason Todd. They both know the broad strokes--Dick was even a key player in Tim's origin story--but not the details, as at this point in Bat-history Dick was more-or-less estranged from Batman, and had been spending most of his time with the Titans. This was between "KnightsEnd," in which Dick joined Bruce, Tim and even Catwoman in retaking the mantle of the bat from Jean-Paul Valley, and the aforementioned "Prodigal," when Dick Grayson was returning to the Batman Family fold, eventually getting his own, ongoing book for the first time.

Almost none of this issue are relevant anymore--I guess Dick's origin and Jason's origin still "happened," although they were dressed dumber in the new version and they weren't Robin longer than a year or so, and Tim's origin was completely erased and replaced. It was a nice jumping-on point in 1994 though, providing a brief history of Robin--or Robins--and setting up the Dick/Tim partnership that would be the focus of "Prodigal"...which this issue actually ends with a direct prelude to, with Dick suiting up as Batman to temporarily replace Bruce (for the first time; he would, of course, also do so when Bruce Wayne was temporarily dead-ish around the time of Final Crisis).

Because the previous issue was the end of Jo Duffy short-ish 14-issue run on Catwoman, regular pencil artist Balent and inker Bob Smith are joined by Doug Moench for Catwoman #0, after which point Dixon would inherit writing duties for a while. Moench, as was typical then, works a theme throughout the issue, comparing Selina to a cat in various ways throughout this story of her troubled childhood, some relatively subtle, some as subtle as a frying pan over the head. We learn that her mother died when she was young (after pushing her to devote herself to gymnastics), her father drank himself to death shortly after and she ended up in a typically Gotham corrupt orphanage for troubled young girls, where she taught herself rooftop climbing, thievery and overall sneakiness. There are a few scenes that seem to reference her role in "Batman: Year One," although rather than being an actual prostitute, Moench implies that it was just another form of thievery, wherein johns would hire her as prostitute and she would just mug them immediately, because they were bad guys anyway. Inspired by Batman's costume, she put on her gray, "Year One" costume and becomes a more spectacular cat burglar (That is one of my favorite Catwoman costumes from the comics, by the way). Most of the attention is paid to her childhood in the orphanage, though.

I'm not sure how much of this is relevant anymore though; both Jeph Loeb's Year One-era stories and Batman Eternal gave Catwoman biological fathers who were actually crime kingpins (but different ones at that), and while that doesn't necessarily negate this origin, I've seen just enough of the post-Flashpoint Catwoman to know her childhood was different there than it is here (Fun fact: This run lasted 96 issues, counting #0 and #1,000,000; the 2000 series lasted 82 issues; the New 52 series only lasted 53 issues). I suppose I should really set about tracking down various Catwoman origin stories that I've never read at some point, to try to make sense of the different takes on the character...that, or I guess I could just wait for Tim Hanley's next book.

It ends with the two timelines I mentioned, although I'm not sure where they originally appeared. The first is titled "Batman Timeline," and it spans ten years. The first three years all produced comic book stories with those names--"Year One," "Year Two" and "Year Three"--and while it's a pretty compressed timeline, it seems to hold up okay (Dick was only Robin for three years according to this time, which doesn't seem too terribly long, really; while Barbara retired from being Batgirl after just three years; two of which were after Dick took on his Nightwing persona). "Year 10" was a very busy one, staring with "Jean Paul Valley becomes Azrael," which means the miniseries Batman: Sword of Azrael, and contains "Knightfall," "KnightQest," "KnightsEnd," "Prodigal," "Troika," "Contagion" and "Legacy."

That's followed immediately by a "Batman Villains Timeline" which starts in 1921 with the creation of Arkham Asylum, and then runs through the same ten-year timeline, ending with the events of "Cataclysm" in "Year 10." I'm kind of curious what "year" it would be sans reboot, if we factored in "No Man's Land" and Damian's three years as Robin and so on...I think we would be in Year 15 or Year 16 now, although that seems mostly a matter of the ten-year-old Damian celebrating his 13th birthday in DC Universe: Rebirth. If Talia met Bruce in Year Three, and they had a ten-year-old son by the time "Batman and Son" rolled around, then that would have been Year 13, and then it's been another three years since then. Again, if Flashpoint and the New 52-boot never happened. Now it's Year Eight, and all of the events of the decade represented on these timelines supposedly happened in drastically different form during Years One through Five.


While reading this, I began wondering if DC would bother collecting any other tie-ins from the Zero Hour event, and I consulted Wikipedia to see just how many of the damn things there were. (It's a lot!)

A Superman: Zero Hour would certainly be the next easiest, as there were then six titles in that particular franchise: Superman, Action Comics, Adventures of Superman, Superman: The Man of Steel, Superboy and Steel.

A Justice League: Zero Hour title would also be relatively easy, as there were then three League titles: Justice League America, Justice League International and Justice League Task Force. I guess they could fill that out with...well, hell, I guess here it gets tricky, huh? They could use solo titles featuring characters from those line-ups, like The Flash, The Ray, Wonder Woman and Guy Gardner: Warrior...? I'm actually a little surprised to see that there were three Legion of Super-Heroes-related titles going into the event, so maybe they could do a Justice League/Legion of Super-Heroes: Zero Hour collection, and include the relevant issues of Legion of Super-Heroes, Legionnaires and LEGION '94...?

Or, given that none of those Leagues are really remembered at this point, and have been rebooted away anyway, maybe a theoretical Justice League: Zero Hour trade would include the big, non-Superman, non-Batman DC superheroes that we tend to think of as Justice Leaguers, whether or not they were on a League roster in 1994 or not: Aquaman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Green Arrow, Hawkman and...Oh, that's all of the solo titles featuring long-time Leaguers. Unless you put Guy Gardner: Warrior in this theoretical collection...?

Looking at the complete list, its interesting to see the participating title that have long since disappeared (Damage, Anima, Valor, Team Titans, et cetera), and the handful of books that launched following the conclusion of Zero Hour during "Zero Month" (Fate, Manhunter, Primal Force), only one of which really caught on (Starman).

J'onn! Gypsy! The Ray! Triumph! L-Ron-in-Despero's body!
Aside from the Batman books, the #0 issues I remember reading and really liking were Justice League Task Force, when writers Mark Waid and Christopher Priest refocused the title from a book featuring rotating creators and squad of superheroes into a regular book with a regular line-up, premised on the Martian Manhunter training a motley crew of new superheroes (of one kind or another). The Sal Velluto art helped differentiate it from a lot of the super-comics DC was publishing at the time, which suffered from artists trying and often failing to ape that hot new Image Comics style that the kids liked so much at the time.

I also really dug the post-Zero Hour line-up of New Titans; while all of those individual comics weren't great, I loved that particular line-up, and the way it allowed many of the original New Teen Titans line-up to have their endings while carrying on with a rather weird line-up of young heroes from throughout the DC Universe at the time. Sadly, it didn't last too long (18 issues; which I would totally buy a collection of, as I still don't have all of the individual issues from this run).

Arsenal! Changeling! (A) Terra! Damage! Impulse! Green Lantern Kyle Rayner! Mirage! And, not pictured here as they hadn't yet joined the team, Darkstar Donna Troy, Supergirl and Minion!

*Which is weird, I think. I guess they wanted to keep costs down, but would spending a single page on an introduction instead of a house ad really have broken the bank? They didn't have to get a Batman line editor from back in the day or Zero Hour writer Dan Jurgens or Doug Moench or someone to write it. Maybe DC has an intern who they could have assigned it to? Hell, I woulda written it for ten bucks and a free copy of the trade. Oh, you know what? If you need more context on Zero Hour, this is a pretty fun way to learn more about it!

**Batman, Detective Comics, All-Star Batman, Nightwing, Batgirl, Batgirl and The Birds of Prey, Batwoman and Batman Beyond, sure; what about the Gotham-set Gotham Academy, and does Trinity or Red Hood and The Outlaws or Super Sons count? How about Harley Quinn...?
          17 'facts' about space and Earth that you thought were true — but have been debunked by science        

black hole stars galaxies warped space nasa

Whenever someone asks me about outer space, I get animated.

No surprise there. I've made a living speaking to experts and writing about it for more than a decade, and I've read obsessively on the topic for much longer than that.

I've heard a lot of peculiar "facts" over the years — and even believed and shared a few myself — that I eventually learned were false.

Here are some of the most common myths, misconceptions, and inaccuracies I've encountered that should be thrown into a black hole.

SEE ALSO: 25 amazing images that prove you're a stowaway on a tiny, fragile spaceship

DON'T MISS: Here's how much money it actually costs to launch stuff into space

MYTH: The sun is yellow.

You'd be forgiven for thinking the afternoon sun looks yellow — but the light it gives off is technically white.

The Earth's atmosphere makes the star appear yellow. The gases bend the light in an effect called Rayleigh scattering, which is what also makes the sky appear blue and causes sunsets to blaze into brilliant oranges and reds.

It also doesn't help that astronomers classify the sun as a yellow main-sequence G-type star, or "yellow dwarf" — which has nothing to do with color.

Sources: NASA, NOAA, Washington University, University College London

MYTH: The asteroid belt is dangerous.

Movie scenes of spaceships flying through a dense field of tumbling, colliding rocks are not realistic.

The asteroid belt — a zone 200 million to 300 million miles from the sun — is an incredibly lonely and desolate void.

In fact, if you pulled all the asteroids in that belt together, they'd be only about 4% of the mass of Earth's moon.

That's why NASA gets excited when it catches even one asteroid colliding with another.

Sources: NASA, Today I Found Out

MYTH: Going into space makes you weightless.

Most scientists agree that space begins 62 miles up, where the Earth's atmosphere is more or less a vacuum.

Yet going past this point does not magically make you weightless. If you were in an accelerating rocket, you would feel many times Earth's gravity. It's only when you start falling that you'd feel weightless.

To orbit something is to fall forever around that object. The moon around the Earth, the Earth around the sun, the solar system around the Milky Way — they're all falling toward one another in a crazy cosmic dance.

If you were 250 miles above the Earth, you'd have to travel 17,500 mph around the planet to experience continuous free-fall — the same speed as the International Space Station and its inhabitants.

Sources: FAI, NASA

See the rest of the story at Business Insider
          Denmark stakes claim to oil-rich North Pole        
Denmark submitted a claim to the North Pole to the United Nations on Monday, asserting that the underwater Lomonosov Ridge connects to Greenland, its protected territory and qualifies the European nation under the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Courtesy NOAA

Denmark submitted a claim to the North Pole to the United Nations on Monday, asserting that the underwater Lomonosov Ridge connects to Greenland, its protected territory. Courtesy NOAA

Denmark has claimed the North Pole. On Monday, the European nation delivered an official claim to a United Nations council in New York, part of a the race to own the Arctic that includes Norway, Canada and Russia.

Five nations including Denmark, the U.S., Canada, Russia and Norway are vying for claim over the North Pole. At present, all five countries’ claims to the Arctic Circle end approximately 200 nautical miles off their shorelines. These countries have been diligently mapping the ocean floor over the past decade to solidify their claims to the North Pole.

Each country must submit a claim to the Arctic within ten years of ratifying the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The United Nations considers claims based on the extent of the continental shelf from the nation’s coast.

But early data suggests that Greenland, a Danish autonomous territory, may give Denmark the strongest claim to the North Pole. A study found that Lomonosov Ridge, a 1,118 mile-long underwater mountain range that extends off the coast of Canada to the waters above eastern Siberia, is connected to Greenland. This would make approximately 347,492 square miles of ocean off the coast of Greenland Danish territory.

“The submission of our claim to the continental shelf north of Greenland is a historic and important milestone for the Kingdom of Denmark. The objective of this huge project is to define the outer limits of our continental shelf and thereby – ultimately – of the Kingdom of Denmark. It has been a process characterised by the very good cooperation not only between authorities within the Kingdom of Denmark but also with our Arctic neighbours,” Martin Lidegaard, the Danish minister for foreign affairs, said in a statement.

Denmark has submitted claims over five areas through the Arctic since ratifying the convention in 2004.

The claim would give Denmark control of potential oil and natural gas resources below the Arctic. A U.S. Geological Survey study in 2008 found that potentially 90 billion barrels of oil and 44 billion barrels of natural gas liquids are hiding under the unclaimed Arctic.

Last December, Canadian foreign affairs minister John Baird announced that Canada would submit a claim to the extended sea shelf off its coast. In 2007, Russia sparked international controversy by staking a flag in the sea floor under the North Pole.

The post Denmark stakes claim to oil-rich North Pole appeared first on PBS NewsHour.

           Australia’s Bureau of Meteorology Caught Erasing Record Low Temperatures        

Bottom line:

The same is true, of course, in the US where organizations like NASA and NOAA have also been caught red-handed making adjustments to their own temperature data sets, none of these convincingly explained.

But this scandal is not as widely known as it should be, largely because it goes virtually unreported in the liberal-dominated mainstream media. This partly explains the huge discrepancy between the way liberals think about climate change and the way conservatives do. According to this survey, liberals in both the U.S and the UK are dramatically more worried about climate change than conservatives.

Perhaps this is because conservatives are simply better informed.

          Weather Station at the England Run Branch        

Area residents have a new way to learn the strength of that last wind gust or how much rain fell during a recent downpour. The Central Rappahannock Regional Library system has a weather station located at its England Run branch in Stafford County! Anyone can view current temperature and humidity on the England Run branch page or get historical weather data for the past week or months by clicking through to the wunderground.com page for our location. Information is also shared with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as part of their Citizen Weather Observer Program for use in their weather prediction models. 

          NOAA Allows Quota Carryovers into 2013 Fishing Year        
Depending on your point of view, it could be good news for fishermen. NOAA is allowing fishermen to carry over 10% of any unused quotas from the 2012 fishing year into the 2013 fishing year. Jim Kendall, President of New Bedford Seafood Consulting sees it differently, since lousy weather over the past few months has prevented many fishermen from reaching their allocations... Continue reading…
          Sejarah RPW        

         Rumpun Pemuda Wajo merupakan organisasi yang berkdudukan di kabupaten Wajo ,Sulawesi Selatan . Organisasi ini digagas sejak  tanggal 21 September 2011 dimana pada saat itu sudah banyak organisasi kepemudaan yang bermunculan sehingga seorang remaja lulusan SMA Negeri 3 Sengkang yang sejak awalnya ingin terus aktif diorganisasi bingun harus bergabung ke organisasi mana , karna pada saat itu banyak problematika yang dihadapi oleh beberapa organisasi dimana organisasi kepemudaan sudah  mulai kehilangan esensinya sebagai media pengembangan yang relefan , banyak organisasi yang menjadi tunggangan untuk mewujudkan kepentingan -kepentingan kaum  tertentu, sehingga dilematis yang dihadapi oleh AMRAN menjadi semangat awal untuk membentuk media kepemudaan dengan harapan dapat menjunjung tinggi esensi dan ekstensi oganisasi kepemudaan dan dapat menciptakan media media pengembangan kepemudaan yang tidak hanya berprospek kepada kekaderan  namun bisa memuat semua  aspek , baik  dari sisi edukatif,rekreatif,akademistik, aktualisasi dan innovasi serta kreatif pemuda dalam membangun masyarakat adil makmur demi keberlansungan kehidupan bangsa Indonesia .

         Oraganisasi yang sekarang dikenal sebagai Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW) awalnya bernama  ALIANSI PEMUDA WAJO (APW) yang setelah diadakan rapat pertama pada tanggal 22 Desember 2011 ALIANSI PEMUDA WAJO  berganti nama menjadi RUMPUN PEMUDA WAJO (RPW)  dari pada tanggal 2 Februari 2012 Resmi terdaftar di BADAN KESATUAN BANGSA dan POLITIK (KESBANG) dengan Ketua : AMRAN ,W.Ketua : Muh.Miftahul Ulum ,Sekertaris : Gita Wulandari dan Bendahara : Rismayanti  , dan terdiri 6  Bidang kordinasi kerja .

        Dalam pergerakan untuk membentuk Organisasi Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW) AMRAN yang hanya merupakan seorang pemuda umur 17 Tahun yang belum punya bekal banyak dalam menghadapi problematika yang sehingga mengalami sepak terjal yang sangat keras    namun karna semangat dan dorongan untuk mengawali sebuah perubahan membawa AMRAN bertemu dan merangkul kembali teman-teman masa SMAnya yang waktu itu baru saja lulus dari SMA pada awalnya AMRAN hanya bertemu bersama seorang temanya yang merupakan teman sekelas dimasa SMA yang pindah dari UNHAS ke STIA PRIMA yaitu MUH.MIGTAHUL ULUM ( ULUM) kemudian dalam perkembanganya AMRAN bersama ULUM mulai mensosialisasikan pemikiranya kepada beberapa teman -temanya dikampus, dalam berkat kerja keras akhirnya bergabung beberapa nama yaitu Murannim,Andi Ahmad Fauzi, M.Khaerul,Heriadi,Andi Iqbal,Adi Sahwan ,Gita Wulandari,Rismayanti,Nirnawati,Fatimah Sohra,Firdaya,Sri Wahyuni   kemudian diawal pertemuan mereka membahas pembentukan AD dan ART organisasi dan bagaimana pengaturan teknis organisasi sehingga saat itu diputuskan beberapa subtansi yang sekarang termuat jelas dalam AD da ART Rumpun Pemuda Wajo dan Buku Besar RPW .
       Belum Cukup sampai disitu ,perjungan para pengagas berdirinya Rumpun Pemuda Wajo terus bergerak untuk medeglarasikan diri , namun cara mereka mendeglarasikan diri bukan dalam bentuk acara seremonial dan pengumpulan massa lainya melainkan dalam bentuk kegiatan lansung di Masyarakat seperti Baksi Sosial , Kegiatan Pagelaran Seni ,dan Aksi Bersih kemudian setelah mlai dikenal mesyarakat barulah Rumpun Pemuda Wajo melakukan kegiatan penkaderan yang disebut "BINA MUDA" dengan jumlah peserta 41 orang dari kalangan SMP,SMA dan Mahasiswa . selepas itu , perjungan RPW tidak sampai disitu melainkan lebih mejalar dengan berbagai kegiatan kekaderan dan bakti masyarakat sering dilakukan , dan dengan semangat dan kesungguhan pada pengagas dan kadernya hingga diumur Rumpun Pemuda Wajo yang ke- 8 Bulan , yang sudah melaksanakan berbagai kegiatan nyata memberikan dampak positif terhadap perkembanganya dimana nama Rumpun Pemuda Wajo sudah familiar di telingah kaum pemuda dan toko pemimpin di Kabupaten Wajo .
    Selain junjungan rasa nasionalisme  yang membuat nama dan semangat selalu ada ,  independensi organisasi yang dijunjung tinggi oleh para kadernya juga  membuat Rumpun Pemuda Wajo semakin tegak bergerak dalam mengibarkan panji-panji kebenaran dan membawa kesejatraan bagi masyarakat khususnya pada ranah kabupaten Wajo.

       dan  setelah selesainya bina muda rumpun Pemuda Wajo yang pertama  ,dengan ridho dan rahmat dari Allah Swt sehingga beberpa media pengembangan pemuda sudah resmi terbentuk dan melaksanakan beberapa kegiatan yang sangat diapresiasi oleh masyarakat wajo seperti 

A.      SAMUDRA RPW ( Sanggar Pemuda Raya)
Sanggar Pemuda Raya ini bertugas atau memiliki wewenang dalam pengembangan bakat dan minat dibidang Seni Musik,Tari Tradisional ,Dance ,Sulap .dan pada saat ini sudah resmi dan berdiri pengurus masing-masing sub.manajement yakni , Manajement Tari , Manajement Sulap, Manajement Dance dan Manajement Musik dan ke empat manajement tersebut sudah berjalan . dan telah melaksanakan kegiatan pentas seni ,dll
B.      POLA  RPW (Pemuda Pecinta Olahraga  ) ini merupakan media pengembangan bakad dan minat dibidang Olahraga  dan mencakup semua jenis olahraga .

3.  Bidang pengembangan akademik,
     Bidang pengembangan akademik merupakan bidang yang khusus pelaksana kegiatan    
    yang berhubungan dengan pengembangan akademik pemuda .
    didalam bidang ini terdapat Manajemen  

Lembaga Pers Pemuda LPP ,yang menjadi media pengembangan seluruh pemuda terhadap Ilmu  Kejurnalistikan dan pertelevisian dengan beberapa program kegiatan yang menjadi acuan kerjanya ,dinataranya Pelatiahn Jurnalis dan Film serta lain sebagainya.dan   kegiatan yang telah terlaksana yaitu pembuatan film mangankat wajo .

4. Bidang Ketakwaan terhadap Tuhan Yang Maha Esa
Bidang ini khusus dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan –kegiatan keagamaan dan pengembangan emosional Spiritual Kader
5.    Bidang Bina Muda ,Bidang Bina Muda merupakan bidang bertugas dalam kelanjutan kaderisasi kepemudaan dalam membentuk kader-kader pemuda yang militan .
 6.  Bidang Keterampilan dan Kewirausahaan
Bidang ini bertugas dalam pengolaan sumber daya manusia dan alam dimana dalam bidang ini terdapat beberapa program kerja yang mengacu pada pembinaan generasi muda terhadap bidang kewirausahaan dan keterampilan ,diantara pelatihan kewirausahaan ,pemberian modal usaha dan terdapat juga manajemen yaitu
D’ART Creatif, ini merupakan media penyaluran bakat pemuda dalam berkreasi dan menjadi produktif contohnya pengembangan keterampilan pembuatan Kerajinan tangan berupa sovenir, penawaran jasa-jasa seperti service ,Event Organiser ( pelayanan EO yang pertama dilaksanakan  bekerja sama dengan salah satu produk susu ternama di Indonesia )

Yang menjadi kerang utama dalam pembentukan Rumpun Pemuda Wajo tidak lain dalam menciptakan Kader-ader yang tidak hanya mampu hanya pada ilmu-ilmu tertentu melainkan mampu pada semua ilmu baik itu  Teoritis ,Praktis dan produktif dan mampu menjadi penerus    
     dan pada akhirnya sebagai cita-cita dan harapan AMRAN diawal pembentukan Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW) agar pemuda dapat berkompeten dalam mebangun negeri .dan  mengutamakan keseimbangan terhadap kader-kader agar tidak hanya menghasilkan kader dalam bentuk kuantitas melainkan kualitas pula .

Sekian sejarah singkat berdirinya  Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW ) segala muatan dalam tulisan ini tertuang dan lengkap terdapat pada buku besar dan diatur dalam AD-ART , untuk pendaftaran Pengembangan Bakat dan Minat , silahkan berkunjung di Sekertarian Jl.Andi Koro No.136 A Sengkang kab.Wajo ,Pos 90911

Mohon maaf jika dalam tulisan ini terdapat kata yang salah atau menyinggung , dengan segala hormat saya mengharapkan kritikan dan saran dan semua teman-teman pembaca .
semoga yang menjadi tujuan awal kita dapat tercapai dengan ridho dari Allah SWt Amin,Amin ,Amin .

Sekian Wassalamu alaikum Wr.Wb

          SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 445        
WW 445 SEVERE TSTM IA IL WI LM 101945Z - 110200Z
WW 0445 Image

Severe Thunderstorm Watch Number 445
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
245 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

The NWS Storm Prediction Center has issued a

* Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of 
  Eastern Iowa
  Northern Illinois
  Southeast Wisconsin
  Lake Michigan

* Effective this Thursday afternoon and evening from 245 PM until
  900 PM CDT.

* Primary threats include...
  Isolated damaging wind gusts to 70 mph possible
  Isolated large hail events to 1.5 inches in diameter possible

SUMMARY...Isolated to scattered storms -- capable of producing
locally damaging winds and large hail -- will continue moving east
across the watch area this afternoon and early this evening.

The severe thunderstorm watch area is approximately along and 55
statute miles east and west of a line from 20 miles west northwest
of Manitowoc WI to 45 miles east southeast of Moline IL. For a
complete depiction of the watch see the associated watch outline
update (WOUS64 KWNS WOU5).


REMEMBER...A Severe Thunderstorm Watch means conditions are
favorable for severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area.
Persons in these areas should be on the lookout for threatening
weather conditions and listen for later statements and possible
warnings. Severe thunderstorms can and occasionally do produce



AVIATION...A few severe thunderstorms with hail surface and aloft to
1.5 inches. Extreme turbulence and surface wind gusts to 60 knots. A
few cumulonimbi with maximum tops to 500. Mean storm motion vector


Read more
          SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 444        
WW 444 SEVERE TSTM KS 101925Z - 110200Z
WW 0444 Image

Severe Thunderstorm Watch Number 444
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
225 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

The NWS Storm Prediction Center has issued a

* Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of 
  Portions of western and central Kansas

* Effective this Thursday afternoon and evening from 225 PM until
  900 PM CDT.

* Primary threats include...
  Isolated very large hail events to 3 inches in diameter possible
  Isolated damaging wind gusts to 70 mph possible

SUMMARY...Isolated severe storms across portions of northwest Kansas
should continue moving southeast across the watch area this
afternoon, with some upscale/linear growth possible.  Large hail and
locally damaging winds will accompany the strongest storms into the
evening hours.

The severe thunderstorm watch area is approximately along and 60
statute miles north and south of a line from 45 miles west southwest
of Hill City KS to 30 miles east northeast of Hutchinson KS. For a
complete depiction of the watch see the associated watch outline
update (WOUS64 KWNS WOU4).


REMEMBER...A Severe Thunderstorm Watch means conditions are
favorable for severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area.
Persons in these areas should be on the lookout for threatening
weather conditions and listen for later statements and possible
warnings. Severe thunderstorms can and occasionally do produce



AVIATION...A few severe thunderstorms with hail surface and aloft to
3 inches. Extreme turbulence and surface wind gusts to 60 knots. A
few cumulonimbi with maximum tops to 500. Mean storm motion vector


Read more
          SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 443        
WW 443 SEVERE TSTM KS OK 101905Z - 110200Z
WW 0443 Image

Severe Thunderstorm Watch Number 443
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
205 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

The NWS Storm Prediction Center has issued a

* Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of 
  Portions of south-central Kansas
  Parts of western and central Oklahoma

* Effective this Thursday afternoon and evening from 205 PM until
  900 PM CDT.

* Primary threats include...
  Scattered damaging wind gusts to 70 mph possible
  Isolated very large hail events to 2 inches in diameter possible

SUMMARY...Thunderstorms ongoing across parts of northwest Oklahoma
and adjacent southern Kansas are forecast to increase in coverage
and spread east-southeast across the watch area over the next
several hours, with attendant risks for locally damaging winds and

The severe thunderstorm watch area is approximately along and 70
statute miles either side of a line from 10 miles north northwest of
Gage OK to 30 miles east of Chandler OK. For a complete depiction of
the watch see the associated watch outline update (WOUS64 KWNS


REMEMBER...A Severe Thunderstorm Watch means conditions are
favorable for severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area.
Persons in these areas should be on the lookout for threatening
weather conditions and listen for later statements and possible
warnings. Severe thunderstorms can and occasionally do produce


AVIATION...A few severe thunderstorms with hail surface and aloft to
2 inches. Extreme turbulence and surface wind gusts to 60 knots. A
few cumulonimbi with maximum tops to 500. Mean storm motion vector


Read more
          SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 445 Status Reports        
WW 0445 Status Updates
WW 0445 Status Image









BOONE                BUREAU              CARROLL             
COOK                 DE KALB             DUPAGE              
GRUNDY               HENRY               JO DAVIESS          
KANE                 KENDALL             LAKE                
LA SALLE             LEE                 MCHENRY             
MERCER               OGLE                PUTNAM              
ROCK ISLAND          STEPHENSON          WHITESIDE           
WILL                 WINNEBAGO           



CEDAR                CLINTON             JACKSON             
MUSCATINE            SCOTT               

Read more
          SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 444 Status Reports        
WW 0444 Status Updates
WW 0444 Status Image









BARTON               CLAY                CLOUD               
DICKINSON            ELLIS               ELLSWORTH           
GOVE                 GRAHAM              HARVEY              
KINGMAN              LANE                LINCOLN             
LOGAN                MCPHERSON           MARION              
MITCHELL             NESS                OSBORNE             
OTTAWA               PAWNEE              PRATT               
RENO                 RICE                ROOKS               
RUSH                 RUSSELL             SALINE              
SCOTT                SEDGWICK            STAFFORD            
TREGO                WICHITA             


Read more
          SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 443 Status Reports        
WW 0443 Status Updates
WW 0443 Status Image









BARBER               COMANCHE            HARPER              



ALFALFA              BECKHAM             BLAINE              
CADDO                CANADIAN            CLEVELAND           
CREEK                CUSTER              DEWEY               
ELLIS                GARFIELD            GRADY               
GRANT                GREER               HARPER              
HUGHES               KAY                 KINGFISHER          
KIOWA                LINCOLN             LOGAN               
MCCLAIN              MAJOR               NOBLE               
OKFUSKEE             OKLAHOMA            OSAGE               
PAWNEE               PAYNE               POTTAWATOMIE        
Read more
          SPC MD 1467        
MD 1467 Image

Mesoscale Discussion 1467
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
0207 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Areas affected...Southern WI...Far Eastern IA...Northwest IL

Concerning...Severe potential...Watch possible 

Valid 101907Z - 102100Z

Probability of Watch Issuance...40 percent

SUMMARY...Increased storm coverage is anticipated over the next few
hours with some hail and damaging wind gusts possible. Trends will
be monitored for potential watch issuance.

DISCUSSION...Latest surface analysis places an eastward-progressing
cold front from near LNR (in southwest WI) southwestward to CID (in
east-central IA), continuing southwestward into the central Plains.
Thunderstorms have recently developed along the leading edge of this
frontal zone over east-central IA. Lift along the front is being
augmented by increased large-scale forcing for ascent attendant to
the shortwave trough moving through WI. Thunderstorm coverage is
expected to increase over the next few hours as this increase
forcing for ascent interacts with the destabilizing airmass over the

Some increase in the intensity of these storms is possible as well,
largely supported by increased bulk shear resulting from the
stronger mid-level flow attendant to the shortwave trough. The
linear forcing along the cold front and veered surface winds favor a
quick transition to a linear mode. Additionally, long, predominately
straight hodographs suggest both left and right splits could have
some longevity if they can remain discrete. However, close storm
proximity will result in frequent storm interactions and a largely
linear or cell-in-cluster mode. Hail and damaging wind gusts are
possible with the strongest storms and convective trends will be
monitored closely for possible watch issuance.

..Mosier/Goss.. 08/10/2017

...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov for graphic product...


LAT...LON   42479073 42909010 43308932 43028854 41988863 40808986
            40539096 41099196 42479073 

Read more
          SPC MD 1466        
MD 1466 Image

Mesoscale Discussion 1466
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
0158 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Areas affected...Northwest into central KS

Concerning...Severe potential...Watch possible 

Valid 101858Z - 102100Z

Probability of Watch Issuance...60 percent

SUMMARY...At least isolated severe storms capable of hail or wind
are expected throughout the day. One or two of the cells could
produce large amounts of hail.

DISCUSSION...Isolated severe storms with large hail threat persist
along the front across northwest KS. Severe wind gusts were also
measured recently in Sheridan county KS where the largest storm
continues to develop southeastward.

Surface analysis shows outflow has temporarily stabilized much of
western and southwestern KS with that surge now expanding into OK.
Some influence from this outflow may affect areas downstream of the
ongoing northwest KS storms. However, a corridor of undisturbed air
exists across north central KS, where surface winds remain light out
of the southeast. Given the long-lived nature of the Sheridan county
storm, and hodographs that are quite favorable for a prolific hail
storm (characterized by a deep layer of low-level easterlies beneath
increasing westerlies aloft), a small watch ahead of this activity
may be needed.

..Jewell/Goss.. 08/10/2017

...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov for graphic product...


LAT...LON   34789731 34909899 35019996 35500072 35960070 36300046
            36709967 37059867 37389804 37489748 37399708 37079694
            35029676 34789731 

Read more
          SPC MD 1465        
MD 1465 Image

Mesoscale Discussion 1465
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
0142 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Areas affected...Much of western into central OK...eastern TX
Panhandle...far south central KS

Concerning...Severe potential...Watch likely 

Valid 101842Z - 102045Z

Probability of Watch Issuance...80 percent

SUMMARY...Storms are expected to increase in coverage this
afternoon, with large hail and damaging winds possible.

DISCUSSION...An outflow boundary continues eastward into south
central KS, extending southwestward across far northwestern OK and
into the eastern TX Panhandle. An isolated severe storm currently
exists along this boundary into the eastern OK Panhandle, with large
hail likely. Additional storms are likely along this outflow as the
air mass continues to destabilize. Strong heating will persist over
western OK, and surface obs show lower 70s F dewpoints and
southeasterly winds across central OK. Tall, moist CAPE profiles
with precipitable water values approaching 1.75" along with
sufficiently long hodographs will favor southeastward-propagating
cells and/or bows capable of damaging hail or wind.

..Jewell/Goss.. 08/10/2017

...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov for graphic product...


LAT...LON   34789731 34909899 35019996 35500072 35960070 36300046
            36709967 37059867 37389804 37489748 37399708 37079694
            35029676 34789731 

Read more
          SPC Aug 10, 2017 1630 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook        
SPC 1630Z Day 1 Outlook
Day 1 Outlook Image
Day 1 Convective Outlook  
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
1131 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Valid 101630Z - 111200Z





Severe thunderstorms are possible this afternoon and evening across
parts of the central Plains and vicinity.  Isolated strong storms
may also develop northeastward into the upper Mississippi Valley.

Low-amplitude cyclonic flow aloft will continue to prevail east of
the Rockies today/tonight, while ridging extends northwest from
Texas into the Great Basin and Pacific Northwest.  Within the
cyclonic flow field, a shorter-wavelength trough will continue to
cross the upper Mississippi Valley and later the upper Great Lakes
region, while smaller/more subtle disturbances shift southeast out
of the Rockies and into/across the central U.S. through tonight.

At the surface, high pressure will prevail over the eastern and
southeastern states.  High pressure will also expand southeast
across the north central U.S. in the wake of a cold front moving
slowly east across the upper Great Lakes/upper Midwest, and
southeast across the central Plains and Missouri Valley through
11/12z.  Areas along and ahead of this front will be the focus for
the primary severe risk this period.

...Eastern Colorado into Kansas/Oklahoma parts of the Texas
A complex scenario is evident late this morning across the central
Plains vicinity, with a cold front to continue to shift very slowly
southward across Kansas and several small-scale perturbations aloft
moving east-southeast across the Rockies and into the central Plains
vicinity today and tonight.

The first of these disturbances is supporting development of a
cluster of storms across western Kansas at this time, which will
likely continue moving east-southeast while expanding in
coverage/breadth.  This early band of storms will complicate the
forecast in terms of later development in the wake of this
convection, with most CAM runs suggesting that later development
will be most prevalent/intense near the southern periphery of this
storm band, as outflow now across far southwest Kansas and northwest
Oklahoma is reinforced.  

Along with risk for damaging winds and hail associated with this
initial storm cluster as it moves east-southeast and grows in
coverage, the secondary corridor for later convection possibly
evolving along the aforementioned west-northwest to east-southeast
outflow boundary may prove to be the zone of greatest severe risk. 
As such, will introduce 30% wind/ENH risk across a small portion of
southwest Kansas, east-southeast into northwest Oklahoma.  With
moderate CAPE developing through the afternoon and moderately strong
west-northwest flow aloft aiding in storm organization, an
upscale-growing MCS may evolve through the late afternoon and
evening hours.  Elsewhere, with backed low-level flow north of the
outflow, organized/rotating storms -- and attendant risk for large
hail and damaging winds -- will exist across the rest of the SLGT
risk area, from the Colorado front range east across much of Kansas
and Oklahoma through the evening and into the overnight hours.

...Upper Great Lakes southwest into Missouri...
Afternoon heating of the pre-frontal boundary layer will support
airmass destabilization sufficient to support development of
thunderstorms, with greatest coverage of storms expected from
southeast Wisconsin southwestward along the boundary to eastern
Iowa/northwest Illinois.  Within this area, the strongest mid-level
flow is also progged, on the southern fringe of the well-defined
upper circulation now moving east across the upper Mississippi
Valley at this time per latest water vapor loop.  With this zone of
stronger flow aloft aiding in potential for organized storms and
possibly some upscale/linear growth, risk for damaging winds appears
sufficient to support upgrade to 15% wind/SLGT risk.  Storms will
spread east into the evening, weakening diurnally as they cross Lake
Michigan and move into lower Michigan/Indiana.

..Goss/Mosier.. 08/10/2017

Read more
          SPC Aug 10, 2017 2000 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook        
SPC 2000Z Day 1 Outlook
Day 1 Outlook Image
Day 1 Convective Outlook  
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
0311 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Valid 102000Z - 111200Z





Severe thunderstorms are expected this afternoon into tonight across
parts of the central and southern Plains.  Isolated strong to severe
storms are also expected northeastward into part of the upper
Mississippi Valley to the southwest Great Lakes region.

...Eastern CO/KS/OK and TX Panhandles and much of OK...
Forecast remains on track for two rounds of severe storms to
develop/spread east/southeast across the Enhanced risk area, with
damaging winds being the greatest threat in that risk area, which
extends from southwest KS through the OK/TX Panhandles to
northwest/part of central OK.  The lead area of storms is ongoing in
northwest OK and additional storms will continue to develop over the
higher terrain of CO and advance southeast onto the High Plains of
CO and into western/southern KS to the southern Plains later this
evening/tonight to early Friday morning.

Meanwhile, long, straight hodographs across southeast CO into
portions of southwest to central KS favor a threat for very large
hail, with a 10% significant hail area being added with this outlook

Farther north into northwest KS and southwest NE, severe
probabilities have been trimmed southward, given the passage of a
convective outflow boundary and cold front in these areas and
boundary layer stabilization in the wake of these boundaries. 

...Eastern IA/northern IL to eastern WI...
Given trends in radar imagery and objective analyses, the Slight
risk area and severe probabilities have been expanded some in this

..Peters.. 08/10/2017

.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 1131 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017/

Low-amplitude cyclonic flow aloft will continue to prevail east of
the Rockies today/tonight, while ridging extends northwest from
Texas into the Great Basin and Pacific Northwest.  Within the
cyclonic flow field, a shorter-wavelength trough will continue to
cross the upper Mississippi Valley and later the upper Great Lakes
region, while smaller/more subtle disturbances shift southeast out
of the Rockies and into/across the central U.S. through tonight.

At the surface, high pressure will prevail over the eastern and
southeastern states.  High pressure will also expand southeast
across the north central U.S. in the wake of a cold front moving
slowly east across the upper Great Lakes/upper Midwest, and
southeast across the central Plains and Missouri Valley through
11/12z.  Areas along and ahead of this front will be the focus for
the primary severe risk this period.

...Eastern Colorado into Kansas/Oklahoma parts of the Texas
A complex scenario is evident late this morning across the central
Plains vicinity, with a cold front to continue to shift very slowly
southward across Kansas and several small-scale perturbations aloft
moving east-southeast across the Rockies and into the central Plains
vicinity today and tonight.

The first of these disturbances is supporting development of a
cluster of storms across western Kansas at this time, which will
likely continue moving east-southeast while expanding in
coverage/breadth.  This early band of storms will complicate the
forecast in terms of later development in the wake of this
convection, with most CAM runs suggesting that later development
will be most prevalent/intense near the southern periphery of this
storm band, as outflow now across far southwest Kansas and northwest
Oklahoma is reinforced.  

Along with risk for damaging winds and hail associated with this
initial storm cluster as it moves east-southeast and grows in
coverage, the secondary corridor for later convection possibly
evolving along the aforementioned west-northwest to east-southeast
outflow boundary may prove to be the zone of greatest severe risk. 
As such, will introduce 30% wind/ENH risk across a small portion of
southwest Kansas, east-southeast into northwest Oklahoma.  With
moderate CAPE developing through the afternoon and moderately strong
west-northwest flow aloft aiding in storm organization, an
upscale-growing MCS may evolve through the late afternoon and
evening hours.  Elsewhere, with backed low-level flow north of the
outflow, organized/rotating storms -- and attendant risk for large
hail and damaging winds -- will exist across the rest of the SLGT
risk area, from the Colorado front range east across much of Kansas
and Oklahoma through the evening and into the overnight hours.

...Upper Great Lakes southwest into Missouri...
Afternoon heating of the pre-frontal boundary layer will support
airmass destabilization sufficient to support development of
thunderstorms, with greatest coverage of storms expected from
southeast Wisconsin southwestward along the boundary to eastern
Iowa/northwest Illinois.  Within this area, the strongest mid-level
flow is also progged, on the southern fringe of the well-defined
upper circulation now moving east across the upper Mississippi
Valley at this time per latest water vapor loop.  With this zone of
stronger flow aloft aiding in potential for organized storms and
possibly some upscale/linear growth, risk for damaging winds appears
sufficient to support upgrade to 15% wind/SLGT risk.  Storms will
spread east into the evening, weakening diurnally as they cross Lake
Michigan and move into lower Michigan/Indiana.

Read more
          SPC Aug 10, 2017 1730 UTC Day 2 Convective Outlook        
SPC 1730Z Day 2 Outlook
Day 2 Outlook Image
Day 2 Convective Outlook  
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
1229 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Valid 111200Z - 121200Z


Isolated strong to severe storms will be possible across portions of
the central and northern High Plains Friday afternoon and evening,
producing mainly strong, damaging wind gusts and hail.

...Northeast CO/eastern WY/western NE/western SD...
Broad cyclonic midlevel flow regime will be maintained this forecast
period across the northern and central High Plains to the
Mid-Atlantic and Northeast states.  An embedded shortwave trough is
expected to shift east of the mid MS Valley, while the next upstream
shortwave trough, now tracking south per water vapor imagery across
Alberta, should move into the northern High Plains Friday night. 
Meanwhile, forcing for ascent attendant to a weak midlevel impulse
expected to move into this Marginal risk area by peak heating Friday
afternoon and height falls Friday night with the Alberta trough
should prove favorable for convective development.  Vertically
veering winds with westerly 500-mb winds at 35-40 kt will result in
effective bulk shear of 35-50 kt.  Although lapse rates will be
steep and surface heating will contribute to destabilization, the
lack of greater low-level moisture should result in MLCAPE of
500-1000 J/kg.  A Marginal risk of severe storms exists from
northeast CO to eastern WY and western parts of SD/NE as storms
develop over the higher terrain and spread to the east.  A
strengthening southerly low-level jet could result in some upscale
growth of storms across the eastern parts of the Marginal risk area
Friday night.  Damaging winds and hail will be the primary severe
threats, with CAPE/shear parameter space supporting some supercell

...AR/northern MS/western TN...
Stronger westerly 500-mb winds and effective bulk shear forecast by
the 12Z NAM appear to be an outlier compared to other deterministic
models, with this region located mainly south of the corridor of
stronger westerly flow aloft.  This combined with the lack of 
discernible midlevel forcing for ascent and weak lapse rates
suggests storms that develop across this region Friday into Friday
evening are expected to be generally non-severe, with the severe
probability being less than 5%.

..Peters.. 08/10/2017

Read more
          SPC Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook        
SPC Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook
Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook Image
Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook  
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
1144 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Valid 101700Z - 111200Z

With a weak upper low expected to remain over northern CA/southern
OR today, the WA Cascades and vicinity have been removed from
isolated dry thunderstorm designation, as overall thunder chances in
this region now appear to be below 10% through the rest of the
period. The isolated dry thunderstorm area has been expanded to
include more of northeastern OR, western ID, and eastern WA based on
latest short-term model guidance. Northeastern OR into western ID
may experience isolated convective development related to
differential heating between a think smoke plume centered over
eastern WA/northern ID and relatively clear conditions to the south.
This region is also forecast to be on the northern periphery of lift
associated with the previously mentioned upper low. For additional
forecast reasoning regarding the isolated dry thunderstorm area, see
the previous discussion below.

..Gleason.. 08/10/2017

.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 0143 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017/

A persistent Rex block will remain over the Pacific Northwest today,
featuring a weakening low over northern California and a ridge
extending northward across British Columbia. Several
weak/convectively modulated impulses along the eastern periphery of
the aforementioned low will advance east/northeast across the
northern Great Basin. Meanwhile, a shortwave trough in weak
northwesterly flow will drop southeast from Alberta towards Montana.

...Portions of the Northwest...
The previously mentioned features of interest will support pockets
of thunderstorm activity across the region once again today. From
parts of the Cascades to the northern Great Basin, the weak low at
the base of the Rex block (as well as related minor impulses to the
east) will encourage convection initially over higher terrain. 
Meanwhile, the shortwave trough approaching Idaho/Montana will
support widely scattered activity progressing south across the
Canadian border. Both regimes should be characterized by isolated
dry thunderstorms, enhancing the threat of new fire starts and
erratic activity. Pockets of scattered total thunderstorm coverage
may exist from northern California to southern Idaho, but higher
precipitable-water values and/or slow storm motions preclude an
upgrade at this time.

...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov/fire for graphic product...

Read more
          SPC Day 2 Fire Weather Outlook        
SPC Day 2 Fire Weather Outlook
Day 2 Fire Weather Outlook Image
Day 2 Fire Weather Outlook  
NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK
0258 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017

Valid 111200Z - 121200Z


A scattered dry thunderstorm area has been introduced along the OR
Cascades and continuing into northeastern OR for Day 2/Friday. Per
latest short-term guidance, a greater concentration of thunderstorms
is expected across this area Friday afternoon and evening as a weak
upper low and associated lift over northern CA move northeastward.
While storm motions will admittedly be slow, and may allow for some
wetting rainfall in the heaviest cores, the presence of very dry to
record dry fuels, forecast precipitable water values generally
around 0.6-0.9 inch, and abundant lightning expected to occur all
suggest a scattered dry thunderstorm area is warranted.

The isolated dry thunderstorm area has been expanded eastward to
include more of north-central/northeastern MT. Here, at least
isolated thunderstorms should develop within northwesterly mid-level
flow on the eastern half of an upper ridge. Precipitable water
values around 0.6-0.8 inch, enhanced mid-level flow promoting fast
storm motions, and dry fuels all support the eastward expansion.
Some consideration was given to a scattered dry thunderstorm area
across parts of northwestern MT and vicinity, but overall convective
coverage across this region remains somewhat in question as
large-scale lift attendant to a southeastward-moving shortwave
trough over north-central/northeastern MT only glances this region.
Will therefore defer the possible introduction of a scattered dry
thunderstorm area in MT to a later update.

For additional information, see the previous discussion below.

..Gleason.. 08/10/2017

.PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 0144 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017/

As a trough approaches the Pacific Northwest through the period, the
downstream Rex block (in place for several days prior) will break
down. This evolution will feature a northern California low further
weakening and progressing east/northeast towards Idaho. Meanwhile,
another shortwave trough will advance towards northern Montana,
within a regime of northwesterly flow along the eastern edge of the
ridge associated with the decaying block.

...Northwest US...
The assortment of impulses, combined with sufficient mid-level
moisture/instability, will foster convective development across much
of the region Friday. Precipitable-water values will be highest
near/west of the Cascades, as moisture increases ahead of the
offshore trough. Therefore, primarily wet thunderstorm modes are
forecast here; however, the abundance of lightning, combined with
dry fuels, supports an isolated dry-thunderstorm designation.
Farther east, tropospheric moisture content will be less,
encouraging convection of a drier mode. While storm coverage will
likely not be quite as expansive as points farther west, these drier
conditions will yield at least an isolated dry-thunderstorm threat.
Additionally, an upgrade to scattered/critical may be required in
later updates, especially around northwest Montana where storm
motions will be quicker.

...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov/fire for graphic product...

Read more
          Quakelapse ~ Decade of Tectonic Data Worldmap        
NOAA's worldmap of global earthquakes timelapse of decade... You can view (and interact with) this mapped onto an Earth globe at Science on a Sphere!
          2014-06-04: 15th GHRSST Science Team Meeting in full swing now!        
15th GHRSST Science Team Meeting in full swing now! NODC is a key partner as the GHRSST long term archive and stewardship facility. See www.ghrsst.org/ghrsst/Meetings-and-workshops/ghrsst-xv-science-meetingand ghrsst.nodc.noaa.gov
          2014-06-04: NODC publishes first two GHRSST Data Specification Version 2 datasets        
NODC publishes first two GHRSST Data Specification Version 2 datasets, building on the large collection of Version 1 datasets... ghrsst.nodc.noaa.gov. NAVO VIIRS L2P, and Canadian Meteorological Center (CMC) Level 4 global SST analysis product. More products to come soon!
          2013-06-01: LTSRF nearly back to operational status        
The issues with the old ingest filesystems have been diagnosed and understood, new ingest filesystems have been built, and ingest of GHRSST data is under way again. However, it may be a few more days before the NODC archives are back to full operational status. We all agree that a measure of paranoia is called for when dealing with issues with the long term NOAA archives. Thank you for your patience.
          2008-10-02: LTSRF Automated Accessioning Document Updated        
The GHRSST LTSRF Automated Accession Document available on http://ghrsst.nodc.noaa.gov/documents.html was updated today to include a new RDAC (NEODAAS) and to reflect the name change of the international GHRSST project from "GODAE High Resolution SST Pilot Project" to the "Group for High Resolution SST".
          2008-03-17: LTSRF Archive Graphics Restored        
After an approximately two week hiatus, the daily GHRSST LTSRF archive status graphics have been restored. These graphics are available at http://ghrsst.nodc.noaa.gov/opmessages.html.
          Ryanair sărbătorește 1 miliard de pasageri prin lansarea rezervărilor controlate vocal & noile scaune zodiac slimline în cadrul ultimelor îmbunătățiri “agb”        

Ryanair, compania aeriană Nr. 1 a Europei, astăzi (2 august) a lansat ultimele sale îmbunătățiri din cadrul programului său “Always Getting Better” Anul 4, care include recunoașterea vocală Alexa –...

Sursa: Financiarul.ro.

          Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay        
Large numbers of north Atlantic right whales, more than 60, have been seen in Cape Cod Bay in recent days. They normally appear in large numbers in mid April, so like everything else in New England this spring they are running a couple weeks late. But in this case late is definitely better than never. It's a sign that the population is probably faring okay despite the lack of food in their traditional summer grounds in the Bay of Fundy, and a sure sign that spring has finally come to New England.




An almost-real-time map of right whale sightings:

          Right Whales Return and Disappear Again        
It was with a great sense of relief that I read in early August that right whales had returned in large numbers to the Bay of Fundy. During the last week in July, whale watch boats out of Grand Manan counted 50 right whales. Comments ran along the lines of "just like the old days." Researchers from the New England Aquarium, who have been studying right whales in the Bay of Fundy for 34 years, documented 45 whales on Thursday of that week and another 30 or so on Friday.

This was good news, because last year, the NEAq team found five whales in the Bay, the lowest in all the years they have been going there. It was very worrying. The Bay of Fundy normally hosts the largest number of right whales of any place we know. I have seen as many as 75 on a single trip. That's quite a large number, about 15% of the entire population.

Right whales come to the Bay of Fundy in search of food. Summer is the time when plankton blooms in northern waters and many species of whale come to the Bay of Fundy looking for food. For many of them, this is the only food they will have all year. They survive winter on the fat they store during the summer. So in general, the whales go where the food is, and last year there was no food in the waters of the Bay of Fundy, at least not the kind of food that right whales eat.

Right whales consume a species of copepod, a very tiny, almost microscopic shrimp-like animal, named Calanus finmarchicus. Calanus is a cold water species. Increases in water temperature affect how early in the year they reproduce, how long they remain at the surface (right whales are surface feeders) and ultimately whether they reproduce at all. It is not much of a leap to speculate that the absence of Calanus in the Bay of Fundy in August of 2013 was due to higher-than-normal surface water temperatures.

Looking at data from NOAA weather buoys in the northern Gulf of Maine, near the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, I have found that the surface water temperature has been rising over the past decade, with 2012 and 2013 being the warmest on record. That might account for the absence of food and the absence of right whales.

This year is different. The water temperature is closer to what it was a decade ago. At first I thought that might account for the abundance of right whales, for the comment that it feels "like the old days." Surface water temperature tends to follow air temperature. So with global warming we expect to find warming of ocean surface temperatures as well, with obvious consequences for cold-water species. At first there was reason to celebrate the return of right whales to the Bay of Fundy this year, but there is now reason to remain concerned, because in spite of year-to-year variations that can be quite dramatic, the long-term trend is toward warming. And the right whales have disappeared again. That early optimism has been replaced with concern once again. Surveys in the Bay of Fundy, and in the Roseway Basin off the Coast of Nova Scotia have turned up very few whales. Five or six have been spotted off the coast of Cape Breton, farther north. Given what happened last year, I am not optimistic that the Bay of Fundy will remain a gathering place for right whales.

The question of the moment, at least for me, is what effect two years of poor food resource in the Bay of Fundy is having on the health of the population. It costs a lot of energy to go looking for food, not knowing where it will be found. The energy in the food that is found has to be higher than the energy spent to find it, or it is of no use. If the energy spent looking is higher than the energy in the food found, then right whale health will be decreasing and mortality from starvation could be high.

I have no evidence that right whales are starving to death, but I think it is a concern. What does the second year of absence of whales in the Bay of Fundy mean? Does it mean they got the word and are avoiding the Bay? Or does it mean last year's lack of food significantly diminished the population? A large number of whales appeared in Cape Cod Bay in April, suggesting that the population is okay, but their food is moving. But a lower-than-normal number of calves was born in the winter, suggesting the population is experiencing some difficulties.

Researchers have depended on the predictability of right whales' presence in the Bay of Fundy to monitor and study them and estimate their total numbers. They photograph them, count them, identify individuals, collect DNA and poop, and thus have gathered a very complete picture of the size and structure of the right whale population. If right whales have abandoned the Bay of Fundy, it will take significant human effort to figure out where they are going to find food, in order to continue to monitor their health and well-being.

If they drop off of our radar, we will have little idea how they are faring, except to continue to observe how many females appear off the coast of Florida in the winter to give birth, and perhaps to monitor them more closely in Cape Cod Bay in the winter and spring. Right whales have survived being hunted to near extinction. They have surely survived other changes in their food supply. We can hope and believe they are adaptable enough to survive this one. But it would be nice to know. Whale researchers don't seem to be very good at remaining dispassionate. It's not an easy job. You have to care a lot to go out every day in a tiny boat and spend long days searching for and documenting whales. The blog posts from the New England Aquarium convey real concern and a sense of loss.

Seeing the right whales each year is one sign that this precious Earth is still holding things together, despite all the stress it is experiencing at our hands. Not seeing them is very worrying, and for me feels like a sign that we are pushing the Earth beyond its limits and will be facing many more losses in the years to come.
          LISTen: An LISNews.org Program -- Episode #252        

It is a weird, slow news week when the folks at the USDA radio unit are doing reviews of Sharknado that are being released to radio stations across the country. We talk about the news we found and let you hear that wonderful taxpayer-paid movie review in this week's episode.

Related links:

Download here (MP3) (Ogg Vorbis) (E-mail attachment friendly: Speex format) (High Fidelity: Free Lossless Audio Codec), or subscribe to the podcast (MP3) to have episodes delivered to your media player. We suggest subscribing by way of a service like gpodder.net. You can always throw at paperback novel or two at Stephen via Amazon.

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/.

          Ù‡Ù„ البرق لا يضرب نفس المكان مرتين حقاً ؟        

- يقولون أن البرق لا يضرب المكان مرتين أبداً , ولكن من قال ذلك , عليه إعادة النظر مرتين في تلك المسألة , حيث تم نشر بحث جديد في الإتحاد الجيوفيزيائي الأمريكي , والذي يشير إلى أن هناك بقعة في بحيرة بفونزويلا تتلقي ضربات من الصواعق297 يوماً من أصل 365 يوم كل عام .

- المعروف منذ وقت طويل أن بحيرة ماراكايبو في فونزويلا , تعرضت لمستويات عالية من النشاط الكهربائي , ومؤخراً دخلت تلك البحيرة كتاب جينيس للأرقام القياسية بإعتبارها أكثر المناطق المعرضة لصواعق البرق على سطح الأرض .

ما سبب هذ المناخ ؟

- يمكن أن يرجع سبب هذا المناخ العاصف , إلى الطبيعة الطبوغرافية المحيطة بالبحيرة , فهي تقع في منطقة جبال الإنديز , وقريبة من البحر الكاريبي , وعند تصادم الرياح الدافئة القادمة من المحيط , مع الهواء البارد القادم من الجبال فتنتج العواصف الرعدية , ونتيجة لذلك تتلقى تلك المنطقة كمية رهيبة من البرق , بما يصل إلى 28 ضربة برق خلال الدقيقة , عندما تمر تلك المنطقة بعاصفة رعدية.


          Eton Solarlink FR600 - Ultimate Emergency Crank Radio        
Eton Solarlink FR600 - Ultimate Emergency Crank Radio
A completely self-powered (handcrank or solar) digital AM/FM/SW/NOAA S.A.M.E. weather radio with a built-in flashlight, siren and an indispensable USB cell phone charger.

Click Here For Complete Details

          Dual AMB600W        

Single Din AM/FM/CD Receiver with Direct USB Control for iPod/iPhone, Built-In Bluetooth Wireless Technology and SiriusXM Ready
General Features

This top of the line CD receiver offers robust connectivity to most of today’s popular portable electronics. It features direct USB control for iPodand iPhone devices and is SiriusXM-Ready. The receiver also provides basic control for select Internet radio apps for both wired as well aswirelessly connected devices. The built-in Bluetooth Wireless Technology supports hands-free calling, audio streaming and player controlprofles. The receiver features a built-in 7-channel NOAA weather band tuner, front panel USB and 3.5mm auxiliary inputs, and an SD card input behind the faceplate.



  • Receiver Size Single DIN
  • Import ISO/DIN Mountable Yes
  • Total Power Output 240 Watts (60 watts x 4 channels)
  • MOSFET Powered Yes
  • Preamp RCA Outputs 2 Pairs
  • Sub Preamp RCA Output N/A
  • Preamp Voltage 2 volts RMS
  • Built-In Equalizer 3-Selectable EQ curves
  • Display Type 2-Line 16-character
  • Display Color Positive white
  • Button Color Blue
  • CEA-2006 Compliant Yes
  • Direct USB Control for iPod/iPhone
  • Uses iPod/iPhone sync cable Yes (not included)
  • Charges iPod/iPhone while connected Yes
  • High-speed search by song or artist Yes
  • Built-in Bluetooth®
  • Hands-Free Calling (HFP) Yes
  • Streaming Stereo Audio (A2DP) Yes
  • Remote Device Control (AVRCP) Yes
  • External Microphone Yes
  • SiriusXM™ Ready
  • Supports iTunes Tagging Yes - Requires SiriusXM Connect Vehicle Tuner (sold separately)
  • Channel name, number and category, plus artist and song name Yes - Requires