Feast after fasting this Janmashtami at Taj Wellington Mews Mumbai         

by Shrutee K/DNS 
Mumbai: This Janmashtami welcome the birth of Lord Krishna with a burst of flavour and fervour! Get together with family and friends and feel the festive cheer with a range of delicious treats perfect for breaking your fast. The light and crispy Sabudana Vada, the soft Rajgiri Puri, traditional Vari Rice, refreshing Thandai, Vrat Waale Aloo will satisfy after a day’s fast, before a sweet and creamy Badam Kheer and fresh fruit. Come and taste the ‘food of the Gods’/ ‘divine offerings’ at Weli Deli, Taj Wellington Mews!

Offer valid:
Date: 14thAugust 2017
Day: Monday
Timing: 12 PM to 10: 45 PM
Venue: Weli Deli, Taj Wellington Mews, Mumbai 
Contact Number: 022 66574331
About Taj Hotels Palaces Resorts Safaris
Established in 1903, Taj Hotels Palaces Resorts Safaris is one of Asia's largest and finest group of hotels, comprising 98 hotels in 61 locations across the globe, including presence in India, North America, United Kingdom, Africa, Middle East, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan and Nepal. From world-renowned landmarks to modern business hotels, idyllic beach resorts to authentic Grand Palaces, each Taj hotel offers an unrivalled fusion of warm Indian hospitality, world-class service and modern luxury.  For over a century, The Taj Mahal Palace, Mumbai, the iconic flagship has set a benchmark for fine living with exquisite refinement, inventiveness and warmth. Taj Hotels Palaces Resorts Safaris is part of the Tata Group, India’s premier business house. For more information, please visit www.tajhotels.com.



          Commentaires sur The Art Of Clean Up par jobsy        
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Vipassana Meditation

Vipassana Meditation As Taught By S। N। Goenka in the tradition of Sayagyi U Ba Khin.
This is the motivated page created for those who wish to learn and practice Vipassana Meditation as taught by S.N. Goenka and his assistant teachers in the tradition of Sayagyi U Ba Khin

Vipassana, which means to see things as they really are, is one of India's most ancient techniques of meditation. It was taught in India more than 2500 years ago as a universal remedy for universal ills, i.e., an Art of Living. For those who are not familiar with Vipassana Meditation, an Introduction to Vipassana by Mr. Goenka and Questions & Answers about Vipassana are available.

The technique of Vipassana Meditation is taught at ten-day residential courses during which participants learn the basics of the method, and practice sufficiently to experience its beneficial results।

There are no charges for the courses - not even to cover the cost of food and accommodation. All expenses are met by donations from people who, having completed a course and experienced the benefits of Vipassana, wish to give others the opportunity to also benefit.
Courses are given in numerous Meditation Centers and at non-center course locations at rented sites. Each location has its own schedule of courses. In most cases, an application for admission to each of these courses can be made by clicking on a selected one of the listed course dates that appear in the schedule. There are numerous Centers in India and elsewhere in Asia; ten Centers in North America; three Centers in Latin America; seven Centers in Europe; seven Centers in Australia/New Zealand; one Center in the Middle East and one Center in Africa. Non-center courses frequently hold ten courses at many locations outside of Centers as they are arranged by local students of Vipassana in those areas. An alphabetical list of worldwide course locations is available as well as a graphical interface of course locations worldwide and in India and Nepal.
Vipassana Meditation courses are also being taught in prisons.
A special 10-day Vipassana course especially for business executives and goverment officials is being held periodically at several centers around the world

For additional information visit the Website :http://www.dhamma.org/


          puncak dunia Gunung Everest        
Gunung Everest merupakan satu gunung tertinggi di Dunia yang terletak di banjaran Himalaya dengan ketinggian 8,850 meter dari aras laut. Di kemuncak gunung adalah membahagikan kepada dua negara iaitu antara Nepal dan Tibet, China

Gunung yang menjanjikan satu cabaran yang boleh dianggap diluar kemampuan manusia untuk mendaki sampai kepuncak, dengan suhu sejuk yang terlampau dan juga angin kencang yang bakal dihadapi oleh pendaki pada ketinggian lebih 6,000 meter ianya telah ramai mengecewakan para pendaki untuk sampai ke puncak.


Gunung ini mempunyai dua laluan ke puncak diantaranya adalah disebelah tenggara (Nepal) dan sebelah Barat laut (tibet), tetapi laluan yang sering digunakan adalah disebelah tenggara kerana laluan ini agak mudah secara teknikalnya. Ia juga merupakan laluan yang digunakan oleh Hillary dan Norgay pada tahun 1953.

Antara bahaya yang menanti para pendaki adalah serangan penyakit altitud,perubahan cuaca yang secara mendadak dan runtuhan ais. Biasanya untuk menangani bahaya yang bakal menanti. Para pendaki perlulah berada di kem pengkalan selama beberapa minggu bagi menyesuiakan diri dengan altitud, kemudiannya untuk pendakian kepuncak perjalanan akan bermula pada waktu subuh kerana waktu ini amat sesuai untuk mendaki ke kem seterusnya iaitu kem I pada ketinggian 6065 meter.

sepanjang laluan ke kem I, pendaki terdedah kepada bahaya ais runtuh serta salji runtuh kerana terdedah dengan cahaya matahari dan disini ramai dikalangan shelpa dan pendaki terbunuh dan merupakan kawasan paling bahaya yang dihadapi oleh pendaki sebelum sampai ke kem I.

Dari kem I, pendaki akan bergerak ke kem II dengan ketinggian 6,500 meter menerusi Western Cym yang agak datar serta lembah glasier bercerun landai dan setiap pendaki terpaksa menyeberangi lembah tersebut yang berhampiran dengan pengkalan Nuptse yang melalui laluan kecil yang dikenali sebagai "sudut Nuptse". Western cym juga dipanggil sebagai "lembah sunyi-Vallay of silance", kerana laluan ini terhalang daripada tiupan angin dan berada dikedudukan terdedah pada cahaya matahari menjadikan ianya amat panas kepada para pendaki.

Dari kem II, pendaki memanjat permukaan Lhotse menggunakan tali kekal pada ketinggian 7,470 meter dan untuk sampai ke Kem IV yang jaraknya 500 meter, dan dari kem III ke kem IV pendaki akan berhadapan dengan cabaran tambahan iaitu Taji Geneva dan Gelang Kuning (Yellow Band). Taji Geneva merupakan rabung batu hitam yang berbentuk Anvil yang dinamakan oleh pendaki Swiss 1952 dan pada masa pendakian tali kekal diperlukan untuk mendaki dikawasan batu yang diliputi dengan salji dan untuk melintasi gelang kuning iaitu batuan mendak tali sepanjang 100 meter digunakan untuk melintasinya.

Dengan jarak kepuncak yang masih berbaki 1,000 meter dari kem IV ia memelukan tempoh 10 hingga 12 jam dan pendakian bermula pada waktu tengah malam dan pendaki akan singgah di "The Balcony" pada ketinggian 8,400 meter dimana sebuah pelantar kecil yang digunakan untuk berehat seketika. Pendakian kepuncak seterusnya diteruskan melalui mendaki rabung dan pendaki akan berhadapan dengan tangga batu yang mengancam yang biasanya memaksa mereka ke timur kedalam salji yang sampai ke tahap pinggang serta ancaman runtuhan salji juga boleh berlaku dikawasan ini.

Pada ketinggian 8,750 meter dom salji dan air batu sebesar meja kecil telah menandakan pendaki berada dipuncak selatan dan pendakian diteruskan dengan mengikuti rabung timur, laluan ini dikenali sebagai mata pisau atau "Cornice Traverse". Disini adalah kawasan paling terdedah dalam pendakian kerana silap langkah boleh mengakibatkan seseorang pendaki akan jatuh terjunam diketinggian 2,400 meter di sebelah barat daya manakala disebelahnya 3,050 meter di permukaan kangshung.

Diakhir laluan pendakian, terdapat sebuah dinding batu setinggi 12 meter yang dikenali "Hillary Step pada ketinggian 8,760 meter dan untuk memanjat dinding ini peralatan yang diperlukan adalah tali kekal dan tali ini telahpun dipasang oleh shelpa, dan melepasi dinding ini adalah mudah untuk pendaki sampai kepuncak melalui tebing salji sederhana curam seterusnya sampai ke puncak. Dipuncak pendaki biasanya mengambil masa kurang dari 30 minit kerana pendaki perlu turut ke kem IV sebelum cuaca menjadi gelap yang mana menjadi masalah besar kepada setiap pendaki.

Kejadian manis dan pahit di puncak dunia

  • 1921 Ekspedisi British pertama meninjau laluan melalui glasier Rongbuk.
  • 1922 Tujuh pendaki Sherpa terbunuh dalam runtuhan salji dan menjadi kematian pertama dilaporkan di Everest.
  • 1922 Ekspedisi kedua British sampai ke 8321 meter.
  • 1924 Ekspedisi ketiga British sampai ke 8500 meter. Pada 6 Jun, George Mallory dan Andrew Irvine cuba mendaki untuk sampai ke puncak tetapi hilang selepas awan tebal menyelitupi mereka. Saksi mendakwa melihat mereka berhampiran puncak.
  • 1933 Lady Houston membiayai formasi kapal terbang untuk melintasi puncak dan meletakkan bendera Union Jack British.
  • 1934 Maurice Wilson (British) mati dalam cubaan mendaki berseorangan.
  • 1950 Nepal membuka sempadannya kepada orang asing.
  • 1952 Ekspedisi dari Swizland, termasuk Sherpa Tenzing Norgay menyerah akibat keletihan, 200 meter dari puncak.
  • 1953 Puncak dicapai buat pertama kali pada 11:30 am 29 May oleh Sir Edmund Hillary New Zealand dan Sherpa Tenzing Norgay dari Nepal mendaki dari arah Laluan Col Selatan (South Col Route).
  • 1960 Pada 25 May, pasukan China menjadi pasukan pertama sampai ke puncak melalui laluan Rabung Utara.
  • 1963 Penyeberangan pertama oleh ekspedisi Amerika Syarikat, bermula dari barat dan turun di barat daya.
  • 1965 Pada 20 May, Nawang Gombu Sherpa menjadi orang pertama sampai ke puncak dua kali.
  • 1975 Pada 16 May, Junko Tabei dari Jepun menjadi wanita pertama sampai dipuncak.
  • 1975 Pada 27 May, wanita Tibet, Phantog, menjadi wanita pertama sampai ke puncak melalui sebelah Tibet.
  • 1978 Reinhold Messner (Selatan Tyrol, Itali) dan Peter Habeler (Austria) sampai ke puncak tanpa tangki oksigen.
  • 1980 Ekspedisi pasukan kali pertama pada musim sejuk oleh pasukan dari Poland.
  • 1980 Reinhold Messner dari South Tyrol, Italy, lelaki pertama mendaki Everest seorang diri tanpa tangki oksigen.
  • 1982 Pada October 5, Laurie Skreslet menjadi rakyat Kanada pertama untuk sampai ke puncak.
  • 1988 Jean-Marc Boivin dari Perancis memulakan dengan paraglider dari puncak gunung.
  • 1993 90 pendaki pada musim luruh sahaja dan menjadi permulaan komersial mendaki pucak Everest.
  • 1993 Ramon Blanco dari Sepanyol menjadi orang tertua untuk sampai ke puncak pada usia 60 tahun, 160 hari. (dikalahkan oleh rekod tahun 2001).
  • 1996 Hans Kammerlander dari South Tyrol, Itali mendaki gunung dan mendaki turun tersebut dari sebelah utara dengan ski dalam tempoh 16 jam 45 minit.
  • 1996 Göran Kropp dari Sweden mejadi orang pertama untuk menaiki basikal pergi dan balik dari rumahnya ke gunung tersebut,pereseorangan tanpa bantuan tangki oksigen.
  • 1997 M.Magendran dan N.Mohandas dari Malaysia menjadi cikgu pertama yang mendaki Gunung Everest
  • 1998 Edward Grylls dari United Kingdom menjadi pendaki termuda untuk sampai ke puncak pada usia 23 tahun.
  • 1998 Tom Whittaker merupakan orang cacat pertama untuk sampai ke puncak.
  • 1999 Sherpa Babu Chiri Sherpa dari Nepal tinggal selama 21 jam di puncak gunung.
  • 2001 Pada Mei 24, Temba Tsheri menjadi pendaki termuda untk mendaki puncak gunung pada usia 15 tahun.
  • 2001 Pada Mei 25, Erik Weihenmayer berusia 32 tahun , dari Boulder, Colorado, menjadi orang buat pertama untuk sampai ke puncak.
  • 2001 Pada hari yang sama,Sherman Bull berusia 64 tahun, dari New Canaan, Connecticut, mejadi pendaki tertua untuk mendaki puncak tersebut.
  • 2003 Pemba Dorjie Sherpa dari Nepal dan berusia 24 tahun menjadi pendaki gunung terpantas dalam masa 12 jam dan 45 minit pada 23 mei.
  • 2003 Tiga hari kemudian,Sherpa Lakpa Gelu memecahkan rekod tersebut dalam tempoh 10 jam dan 56 minit. Setelah sedikit peselisihan dengan Dorjie pihak kementerian pelancongan telah mengiktiraf rekod tersebut pada bulan julai tahun yang sama. [2]
  • 2003 Yuichiro Miura menjadi orang tertua untuk sampai ke puncak pada usia 70 tahun dan 222 hari.
  • 2004 Pemba Dorjie Sherpa memecahkan rekodnya sendiri iaitu dalam masa 8 jam dan 10 minit pada 21 Mei. [3]
 
 
          The sport of skiing is growing in the massive Himalaya; this writer went there to investigate        

Often referred to as the “Roof of the World,” the Himalayas are home to eight of the tallest mountains on the planet and over one hundred peaks exceeding 23,600 feet above sea level, including the goliath Mount Everest which tops out at 29,029 feet. The iconic range extends through China, Bhutan, Pakistan, India and Nepal […]

The post The sport of skiing is growing in the massive Himalaya; this writer went there to investigate appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.


          Caminos de pastores        
Caminos de pastores

Por Edgardo Civallero

Estamos parando, durante este mes de marzo, en un pequeño pueblo de la llamada "sierra pobre" de Madrid, que en su día perteneció a la provincia de Segovia. El pueblo en cuestión se llama Bustarviejo, y es un lugar en el que todavía –a pesar del avance de "lo moderno"– se conserva bastante de la vida tranquila de las villas del interior castellano.

Por aquí, por Bustarviejo, desde donde les escribo hoy, pasaba la Cañada Real, una de las rutas de los pastores trashumantes. En tiempos pasados –y aún hoy, aunque sólo sea una débil sombra de lo que fue– los rebaños de ovejas (una de las principales fuentes de riqueza de la antigua Castilla, que a veces contaban con millares de cabezas) debían moverse de sur a norte y viceversa en busca de zonas de invernada y de pastos para comer en verano. Así se formaban caravanas que, desde la Edad Media, fueron conducidas por las "cañadas", caminos especiales que evitaban el destrozo de campos sembrados y permitían a la corona recaudar los "debidos" y consabidos impuestos.

La vida de los pastores trashumantes estaba asociada a una cultura particular: a instrumentos musicales determinados, que hoy apenas si sobreviven en las manos de algunos ancianos memoriosos y en la de algunos jóvenes que quieren rescatar esos recuerdos tan bellos; a unos tipos determinados de comida, usualmente vinculadas a chacinados, quesos, pan y frutos de estación; a unos cantos y unos cuentos muy particulares; a unas costumbres y hábitos tradicionales (relativos a la vida nómada que llevaban esos individuos); y, en fin, a toda una serie de costumbres, refranes, técnicas y actitudes.

Esa misma cultura –salvando todas las distancias– se encuentra entre los caravaneros de llamas que cruzan el altiplano boliviano llevando papas desde la puna a los lagos salados, para cambiarlas allí por bloques de sal y transportar ese preciado bien blanco a los valles cálidos para trocarlos por hojas de coca, verduras, frutas, queso... Esa cultura incluye ritos ancestrales de propiciación y protección de viajeros y animales; incluye instrumentos musicales únicos, decires, ceremonias, costumbres...

Y encontrarán rasgos similares entre los camelleros del África subsahariana; y entre los conductores de las recuas de yaks que cruzan el Himalaya entre India y Nepal o Pakistán; y entre los Saami (lapones) que mueven sus renos a través de Escandinavia; y entre los Masai que pastorean sus preciados rebaños de vacas a través del África oriental...

Son patrones y características que conforman el inmenso mosaico humano del que formamos parte. Algo de ellos está plasmado en los documentos que habitan los estantes de nuestras bibliotecas. Pero es sólo una parte mínima, el saber que ha sido escrito. La mayor parte de esa cultura sigue mostrando su cara y dejando sus marcas sobre la superficie de nuestro planeta. Viviendo, cambiando, evolucionando, desapareciendo a veces. Es cuestión de no olvidar que todo el conocimiento no está en nuestras manos: muchas cosas siguen latiendo fuera de los muros de las bibliotecas, lejos de catálogos, bases de datos e Internet. Y ese conocimiento es muy importante: son los últimos restos de una época en la que el hombre todavía (re)conocía los ritmos de la naturaleza.

Como les decía, mucha de esa cultura tradicional sigue viva en algunos rincones de nuestro mundo. Como aquí, en Bustarviejo, donde todavía se recuerdan las nubes de polvo que levantaba el paso de las grandes majadas ovinas, camino a los pastos.

Ilustración.

          469.- Crónica 422ª Reunión Oficial de Tejedores Madrid Knits (viernes, 31 marzo 2017)        
Crónica escrita y fotografiada por Siona.

Y llegó el día de la mudanza, mas precipitada de lo que teníamos planeado, así que cada uno cogió su cajita y nos fuimos al nuevo salón que nos acogió de las mil maravillas. ¡Gracias Staff de Starbucks Novedades, así da gusto! :)



Me preguntan cual es el motivo de movernos de local y la respuesta es simple, han cerrado Pedro Teixeira . Han sido 7,5 años donde han predominado los buenos momentos. Ahora empieza una nueva etapa y estamos todos muy ilusionados.

El Starbucks de Novedades cuenta con una luz natural increíble gracias a sus ventanales. Está muy bien comunicado tanto por metro como por autobús aunque si vienes en coche particular quizás te cueste un poco, un viernes por la tarde, encontrar aparcamiento.



Pero vamos a lo que nos trae cada semana a este blog, la crónica de la reunión ¿que tendrán en las agujas los tejedores ? Antes que nada me disculparía por la calidad de las fotos y mi breve estancia el viernes en la kdda, pero una tortícolis horripitufante me tuvo fuera de juego así que lo que mas quería era que el cuaderno volviera a mis manos e irme a mi casa a ponerme la manta eléctrica. 



CrisF tiene un momento amor/odio con la chaqueta Naima ... Se pasó la semana pasada haciendo y deshaciendo la manga y parte del cuerpo con lo que está en el mismo punto en el que estaba la semana pasada. (El sábado ya estaba haciendo los bolsillos con lo que entiendo que pasó el momento Penélope).




Silvia F: La bolsa de las labores estuvo en el mismo sitio n la que la dejó la semana pasada así que su jersey Fox Sweater de drops seguía sin coser.  Peeeeeero lo consiguió y aquí tienen el resultado; quedó bonito, ¿verdad?

También estaba terminando un pulpito de la iniciativa pulpitos solidarios para donar a los hospitales.


Joao: Ya le queda poco para terminar la parte de brioche del patrón All about that brioche de Lisa Hannes que, como comentó la semana pasada, le estaba costando un poco, pero como ven en la foto ya se hizo con el y hasta logró corregir un par de errores con la inestimable ayuda de youtube. Ahora va mas despacito ya que cada hilera de puntos es mas larga (va por unos 160 y tiene que llegar a mas de 200).



Pilar: Está encantada con el cambio de local ya que le viene mucho mejor en su combinación de autobuses. Sigue con el sweater rosa de algodón, ya tenía hecho la mitad porque esta semana no se había movido de casa.





Mar: Las mangas de su jersey Fox Sweater de drops con alpaca siguen en el mismo punto de la semana pasada pero porque terminó la manta de ganchillo que empezó en noviembre. 


Eva: Pues también sigue con el proyecto de la semana pasada. Eso si, tiene ganas de llegar al calado porque le está aburriendo un poco tanto punto jersey. 


Rebeca: Ha terminado el jersey "Albion" pero no la trae porque le falta bloquearlo. Ahora empieza un gorro de diana de tiro con arco porque como predijo, el gorro que hizo anteriormente causo furor en el club. 

También estuvieron Almudena y Amparo a los que ni pasé el cuaderno ya que como comento me encontraba tan mal que me fui a mi morada.


Siona: Pero puedo enseñar el chal que tejía la semana pasada ya terminado. Es un diseño de Sylvia McFadden llamado Authenticity con Drops Nepal de Ama La Lana.


Al día siguiente tuvimos nuestro "día de chicas" (hasta que se nos una Sergio y cambiemos de nombre jis jis jis). Lo hacemos el primer sábado de mes, quedamos por la mañana, tejemos un poco, nos vamos a comer, y por la tarde de nuevo tejemos ... Suelen ser días muy divertidos donde nos da tiempo a conocernos un poco mejor mas allá de las agujas.

Pues esperando que pasen una feliz semana les esperamos la semana que viene :)

Viernes 7 de Abril de 2017
Starbucks, C/Orense, 26 
Horario: de 17.00h a 21.00h


          468 - Crónica 421ª Reunión Oficial de Tejedores Madrid Knits (viernes, 24 de marzo de 2017)        
Crónica escrita y fotografiada por Cris F.

Si la semana pasada mi compañera João hablaba en su crónica del verano anticipado que habíamos disfrutado el viernes anterior, el tiempo que hizo este último viernes fue de todo menos veraniego, y eso que hacía pocos días que había empezado la primavera. A lo largo del día se alternaron la nieve, la lluvia y el viento, ¡y qué decir del frío que pasamos! Así que qué mejor plan para por la tarde que acudir a la reunión semanal de Madrid Knits, entonar el cuerpo con un café o un chocolate bien caliente y practicar nuestro hobby favorito.




Lo malo es que, una vez más, nuestro espacio habitual estaba ocupado (no nos lo habían reservado) y tuvimos que acomodarnos como pudimos en un rincón al lado de la puerta de los servicios, con las molestias que ello conlleva...




...y tratando de aprovechar al máximo el poco sitio del que disponíamos para dejar bolsos, bolsas, abrigos, bebidas, patrones, etc.




Pero bueno, hicimos lo mejor de la situación y al final tampoco estuvimos mal del todo :)



Ahora que no me oye nadie: ¡¡¡QUÉ-GANAS-TENGO-DE-QUE-NOS-VAYAMOS-AL-NUEVO-SITIO!!! He de decir que siempre nos habíamos sentido muy a gusto y muy bien tratad@s en el Starbucks de Pedro Teixeira, pero nadie podrá decir que miento si digo que de un tiempo a esta parte la cosa ha cambiado notablemente.

Paso a contaros lo que estuvimos haciendo:

Eugenia había terminado por fín el chal ON THE SPICE MARKET de Melanie Berg. Según nos contó, es una preciosidad porque las lanas (Malabrigo Sock) le dan una textura superamorosa. Le ha quedado tal vez un poco pequeño porque está tejido con aguja del nº 3 y, teniendo una buena tensión, de largo es un poco pequeño:



Una vez acabado el chal que, pequeño o no, es muy bonito y vistoso, Eugenia ya está pensando en qué nuevo proyecto abordar.

Eva seguía, según ella, igual que la última vez, sin mucho que contar, tejiendo a su ritmo el delantero de su jersey rosa. La lana es la Catena Merino extrafina color 221. Por cierto, un rosa muy bonito, creo que difiere un poco del rosa que se aprecia en la foto. El jersey lleva un elástico a punto de arroz y luego se teje todo a punto jersey hasta llegar al pecho, donde Eva empezará un calado triangular hasta la espalda. Lo que lleva tejido, desde luego, promete bastante:




João nos comentó que, aprovechando las horas en el coche hacia Altea, había avanzado mucho con el chal ALL ABOUT THAT BRIOCHE. En esta foto se puede ver el chal antes de pasar a la siguiente etapa:





Y cuando hice, un poco más tarde, esta otra foto de su labor,  ya había empezado el brioche que, según João, suponía todo un reto para ella:




Almudena nos confesó que llevaba tres semanas sin coger ninguna labor.... ¡y que casi se le había olvidado cómo se teje! La tarde la pasó trabajando en el entredos que empezó hace algún tiempo para su almohadón:



Pilar, a pesar del frío que hacía, ya se había animado a empezar un jersey de algodón para el buen tiempo, en color rosa, que es por lo visto uno de los colores que se llevan esta temporada:



Al ritmo que teje Pilar, y si el tiempo se lo permite, ¡lo mismo trae el jersey puesto el viernes que viene!

Siona había terminado la chaqueta de la semana pasada a tiempo para estrenarla...




 ...y, entre un proyecto y otro, había empezado un chal, concretamente el AUTHENTICITY, un diseño de Sylvia McFadden. Había elegido para esta labor la lana Drops Nepal adquirida en Ama La Lana, en un color amarillo precioso, más intenso en la realidad que en la foto:




Nos dijo Siona que estaba tejiendo dos vueltas y deshaciendo una. Nada extraño, pues el dibujo requiere bastante atención, y en las reuniones de Madrid Knits no paramos de hablar en toda la tarde, por lo que es fácil equivocarse.

Mar había retomado las mangas del jersey FOX SWEATER de Drops con lana de alpaca, muy contenta por haber decidido tejer las dos mangas a la vez, pues de lo contrario estaría padeciendo el síndrome de la manga, ja ja ja...:




Silvia llegó, como siempre, cuando pudo, y la verdad es que la avasallé; casi no la dejé ni quitarse el abrigo, pues tenía que marcharme y no quería hacerlo sin antes hacer una foto de la labor que traía. Así que la pobre Silvia, dispuesta, como es habitual en ella, a facilitar las cosas, me mostró su jersey, el mismo modelo que está tejiendo Mar. El de Silvia ya se encuentra en su fase final, pues está terminando de coser las piezas, con lo que está casi acabado, y espero vérselo puesto muy pronto. ¡Perdóname, Silvia, por el atraco!




En cuanto a mí, me había llevado a la reunión la chaqueta NAIMA; la noche anterior había estado tejiendo el cuerpo hasta donde se supone que hay que situar los bolsillos, una tarea que prefería abordar en casa para no equivocarme. Así que, preparándome para el día siguiente, había dejado en espera los puntos del cuerpo y retomado los de la primera manga para tejer ésta tranquilamente durante la reunión. La verdad es que no me cundió mucho, y lo poco que tejí lo terminé deshaciendo un momento antes de marcharme porque no me gustaba cómo había unido la manga al cuerpo en la axila. Os muestro la foto de la chaqueta a medio hacer:




¡A ver si el viernes que viene os puedo enseñar más!

Y esto es lo que dio de sí la tarde. A última hora se pasaron por el Starbucks Nieves y Sergio; no sé si lo hicieron con el ánimo de tejer o solamente para tomarse un café con el grupo. Yo ya me estaba marchando cuando llegaron y apenas pude saludarles; espero que no me lo tengan en cuenta.

Nos volveremos a reunir, si Dios quiere, el

Viernes, 31 de Marzo de 2017
Lugar (¡por última vez!): Starbucks, C/ Pedro Teixeira, 8 (esq. Avda. Brasil)
Starbucks, C/Orense, 26
Horario: de 17.00h a 21.00h

*** ¡¡¡¡Atención!!!! Nota añadida el jueves 30 de marzo:

La reunión de mañana 31 de marzo tendrá lugar en el Starbucks de Orense, 26. El de Pedro Teixeira echa definitivamente el cierre hoy.

Y también el primer sábado de mes:

Sábado, 1 de Abril de 2017
Starbucks, C/Orense, 26 
Horario: de 17.00h a 21.00h

          465 - Crónica 418ª Reunión Oficial de Tejedores Madrid Knits (viernes, 4 de marzo de 2017)        
Crónica escrita y fotografiada por Siona.

Creo que casi todas las crónicas de madrid knits empiezan por saber como estuvo el tiempo en la ciudad ya que eso suele determinar que llevamos en las agujas. Así que les contaré que este viernes hacía un frío ..... pero un frío ... Que habíamos tenido una semana de lo más primaveral, pero el viernes hizo un frío .... pero un frío ... ;)

Con lo que lanas y mas lanas y charla, mucha charla, es la nota dominante en la kdda.



Por cierto, aprovecho para comentarles que el mes que viene cambiaremos la ubicación de nuestras reuniones (vislumbro caras de asombro al otro lado de la pantalla...) pero ¡no se preocupen!, avisaremos con tiempo del nuevo sitio que está muy cerquita del que nos acoge ahora ...

Dicho lo cual comenzamos con la crónica ¿verdad?


Almudena: sigue con su entredos en el mismo sitio que hace dos semanas ya que no cogió la labor en ese tiempo.



CrisF: Sigue con la chaqueta Naima y comenta que tampoco avanzó mucho pero al menos ya hizo el cuello y las vueltas cortas que dan forma a la parte de arriba.

También trajo una labor de ganchillo: una funda para las gafas con cuquillo y aguja del 2, empezando una base rectangular estrecha para ir aumentando a medida que va avanzando para que así pueda encajar la boquilla metálica.



Eugenia: Después de muchas semanas sin poder asistir (las maestras tienen muchas vacaciones pero también hacen un montón de cursos de formación), el viernes quiso relajarse y lo mejor es ir a las reuniones de madrid knits :) 

Está tejiendo una fundita para un jabón natural que le regalará a una amiga.

También nos enseñó a Lucas, su amigurumi solidario. Los niños del cole han escrito cuentos divertidos para llevarlos al aula hospitalaria del Ramón y Cajal y, junto con unas amigas, pensaron que les gustaría recibir un muñequito con el cuento. ¡buenísima idea que seguro les encanta!.


Joao: Está haciendo unos calcetines con lana WSY Aran Valley color cocktail en rayas azules. Le puso el elástico, talón y puntera en azul marino con drops nepal.

Como lo está haciendo con agujas del 4.5 va bastante rápido y ya estaba cansada del patrón "toe up" así que se aventuró con mi patrón desde el elástico y así aprende una cosa nuevo. 


Pilar: Pensó que esta semana iba a traer terminado el jersey (de hecho el sábado lo trajo) pero no pudo antes ya que no pudo concentrarse todo lo necesario con lo que tejía y destejía. Y lo que hablamos al principio sobre el tiempo, que como parece que volvió el frío tendrá tiempo de estrenarlo.


SilviaF: Pudo disfrutar por primera vez en mucho tiempo de la reunión al completo. A las 5 de la tarde estaba como un clavo tejiendo su Fox Sweater de drops al que ya le unió las mangas al cuerpo y está con el calado de canesú. La lana que está utilizando es de llama (ahí es ná).


Y aquí la cronista, Siona, que por h o por b las últimas semanas no pude venir a las reuniones y oye, se echaban de menos ...

En las agujas tengo la chaqueta Belfast Hoodie de Carrie Bostick Hoge  Brooklyn Tweed Shelter en color Cinnabar que lleva capucha pero que yo terminaré con un cuello alto ya que la capucha queda muy mona pero la veo totalmente inútil a estas alturas.



¿Que, te animas a venir a la siguiente reunión? Por ahora será en el lugar de siempre a la hora de siempre: 

Viernes, 10 de marzo de 2017
Lugar: Starbucks, C/Pedro Teixeira, 8 (esq. Avda. Brasil)
Horario: 17.00 a 21.00 h


          463 - Crónica 416ª Reunión Oficial de Tejedores Madrid Knits (viernes, 17 de febrero de 2017)         
Crónica escrita y fotografiada por Cris F.

El pasado viernes por la tarde hizo buen tiempo, con unas temperaturas bastante agradables; nada que ver con el frío helador que hace por las mañanas cuando salgo de casa a las siete y pico. A mí me pareció que incluso olía ya un poquito a primavera. ¡Qué ganas tengo de que llegue! Todavía toca esperar, pero seguro que a partir de ahora iremos notando los cambios cada vez más.

No sé si fue precisamente por el buen tiempo que hacía, que quizás invitaba más a pasear por la ciudad, pero lo cierto es que fuimos pocas las que nos animamos a ir al Starbucks para pasar la tarde juntas haciendo punto.




 Poquitas, poquitas, como podéis ver....




Aunque ello no significa que lo pasáramos mal, ¡qué va! Afortunadamente siempre hay algún tema del que hablar, y no nos aburrimos en ningún momento.

A media tarde se unió a nosotras Silvia, cuyas obligaciones profesionales le impiden llegar antes pero que no tiene pereza y casi todos los viernes viene un ratito a estar con nosotras.




Rebeca nos contó que, como estaba aburrida del jersey Albion de Michele Wang (que todavía no ha terminado), se había tomado un descanso y había empezado un gorro, también para su chico, con los colores de la diana de tiro con arco para que no pasara frío practicando este deporte en pleno invierno al aire libre. Dijo que su chico vaticinaba que el gorro haría furor entre los socios del club de arquería y que tendría muchos encargos...




... pero si es así, Rebeca se va a hacer mucho de rogar porque no le da la vida y está deseando hacerse algo para ella misma. ¡Di que sí, Rebeca! Que hay mucho abusón por ahí suelto, y si empiezas a tejer algo para uno, tienes que hacerlo para los demás también y no acabas nunca.

João estuvo tejiendo unos calcetines para su hijo según lo aprendido en el Taller de Calcetines de Siona. Era su segundo par y le iba a poner la puntera, el talón y el elástico de otro color. Las lanas utilizadas son de Ama la Lana, concretamente la WYS Aire Valley Aran en color verde y la Drops Nepal en naranja. Esperaba acabarlos pronto:




Aprovecho para mostraros el jersey que João llevaba puesto el viernes; se trata del
Lightweight Raglan Pullover de Purl Soho que había acabado unos días antes. Es un jersey que gana mucho, una vez puesto. ¿A que le sienta de maravilla?




Aquí os lo enseño por detrás también:




Almudena estaba contenta porque al final había encontrado la manera de hacer el entredos a juego con la puntilla del almohadón. Confiaba en acabarlo pronto, porque realmente no contaba ella con esa labor. Seguro que sí, Almu, el almohadón quedará precioso y habrá merecido la pena tanto trabajo:





Pilar nos contó que había deshecho la labor de la semana pasada porque no le convencía, y que había escogido otras lanas en blanco y negro para hacerse otro modelo. !A ver con qué nos sorprende esta vez! Seguro que el viernes que viene nos presenta la labor terminada, pues así de rápida es ella:




Silvia estuvo liada con las mangas del Fox Sweater de Drops; se estaba acercando a la sisa, según nos contó, y tenía que retomar el calado que el jersey lleva en los puños, asunto un poco complicado porque había ido aumentando puntos a lo largo de las mangas y tenía que casar los dibujos en la misma vertical que los de los puños. Estuvo divagando con las demás chicas y al final tuvo una idea de cómo hacerlo. Pronto sabremos si queda bien:




Aquí me veis a mí, Cris F., liada con el cuello de la chaqueta Naima. No me había cundido nada porque hasta ahora solo estoy trabajando en esta labor los viernes en el Starbucks. En mi casa sigo con el jersey Eclipse; no me lo llevo al Starbucks porque lo estoy tejiendo en color negro, necesito muy buena luz y en el Starbucks no la hay. A ver si lo acabo pronto (estoy a punto de empezar las mangas) y puedo seguir a todo gas con la chaqueta, pues me gustaría estrenarla antes de que empiece a hacer calor: 



¡Gracias por hacerme la foto, Rebeca!

Y hasta aquí he llegado hoy. El tiempo vuela y ya queda menos para que nos reunamos la próxima vez. Será el

Viernes, 24 de febrero de 2017
Lugar: Starbucks, C/Pedro Teixeira, 8 (esq. Avda. Brasil)
Horario: 17.00 a 21.00 h

          2016 UPSC Examination Question Papers        
2016 UPSC Examination Question Papers
Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2016
Literature Subjects
Optional Subjects
Indian Languages (Compulsory)
General
General Studies
Indian Forest Service (Main) Exam. 2016
Combined Defence Services Examination (II), 2016
National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (II) 2016
Engineering Services Examination , 2016
Conventional Papers
Objective Papers
General
Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination, 2016
Combined Defence Services Examination - I, 2016
CAPF (AC) Examination 2016
Combined Geo-Scientist & Geologist Exam 2016
Indian Economic Service And Indian Statistical Service Exam 2016
Indian Statistical Service
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National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Exam (I), 2016

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The nepalian nettle, Girardinia diversifolia, grows up to 3m tall. There, the Nepalese still harvest and peel the nettle by hand, then it is placed in a semi boiling wood ash bath over night, which is used later for fertilising the fields. The next day, the loosened fibers are beaten a cross a stone several times and rubbed with clay to loosen the remaining plant debris.

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          Part II - Students Apply Tai Chi in Daily Life (with pictures update)        
































































Jizzelle Jad (Filipina student):
Transforming the Negative Chi of Fear to Positive Chi of Exhilaration-

Going on an adventurous journey of fun in “Enchanted Kingdom”, an amusement part with challenging rides, has its moments of fear. Fear really gripped me as a roller coaster type of ride was going to the part where it would plunge into the river. The fun feeling of the ride transformed into panic and I felt my body stiff with tension, was hardly breathing and my mind just totally in shock. At that point I remembered my Tai Chi. I took a deep inhalation and relaxed my body with a long, smooth and even exhalation. I also focused not on the fear but on the fact that I was there to challenge myself. Almost instantly, I felt my negative chi transformed into positive chi. I even repeated the ride and prove to myself that I’ve transformed my fear chi to enjoy chi.


Siti (Indonesian female student):
Where is my stored chi?

We learn that we can store chi so that we can use it in the future when we need it. I did not understand exactly how this is done. One day, I felt what may be termed as depression. It came from a thought of something that would happen in the future.

I have a very close friend. We live in the same place and we go out together. I feel very happy and close with her. But I know in one month she would leave to go back to her home. This time will come when I will say goodbye to her. I could not control my tears when I thought of the loneliness that would come. I felt my chi draining away with my tears and darkening with my sadness. Just then, I realized that I have not stored the positive chi for this. I don’t have any inner strength within myself to be happy on my own and to move on in life. So now I know, I need to develop and store this kind of chi for times like this. Its all a matter of my first having the skill to transform negative chi and then store this as inner strength and wisdom that I can draw from in times like this. So this is Chi Cultivation.


Dev (Nepali male student)
Can the “three adjustments” improve memory?

I reached a point when my inability to memorize put me in trouble with my assessment. It is not that I did not work hard because I really did. But, what I studied just didn’t stick in my brain and I cannot remember them when I needed to during the examination. This made me more tense, with headache, tiredness and muscle pain. I could not even sleep well.

I decided to seriously use tai chi to solve this problem. I practiced the adjustments as often as I can. Every time I can remember, I adjusted my posture to be balanced and relaxed, I deepened, smoothened and sunk my breathing down in my abdomen, and I focused my mind that I will be able to remember what I study. Surprisingly, the answers for the exams came to me when I needed them effortlessly and without straining. Along with the chi that I was able to store in body doing the adjustments, I was also storing the information systematically in my brain.


Rama (Nepali female student):
Chi is carried also by words –

Going to a place when the language is different I realized that my ability to transmit my chi to those who did not speak my language is limited. One is limited to what is called body language for expressing our thoughts and the feelings that come from our chi. It felt like there is a block in the flow of chi between me those who I cannot communicate with. This feeling led also in a feeling that my chi is also blocked inside me. It is stagnating inside me wanting to be expressed.

Then, a friend came and offered to translate for us. Suddenly, I felt confusion was replaced by understanding and these brought smiles on our faces and our chi radiated out with harmony.


Rachana (Nepali female student):
An angel smiled and transmits magical chi -

Yesterday, I was at the Internet chatting with my sister from back home in Nepal. We turned the camera on so we could see each other’s faces. There I saw in my sister and friend how they missing me. I cannot control my heart and I just wept and so did they.

Now, I am alone in sitting by the Manila Bay, and I just want to be left to be with my feelings. A girl came to sit near me and smiled at me as she introduced herself and asked for my name. She asked me why I am alone when everyone has a family. After I explained to her that I left my family in Nepal to study here, she answered that if though we don’t really know each other, we are now having a conversation in a friendly manner. We really felt like friends talking and smiling a lot. Gradually, my heart and my face freshened up. I felt like an “angel” transmitted positive chi to transform my negative mood.


Rammy (Indonesian female student):
Creating negative chi with our biased mind –

One day back in my home country in Indonesia I was traveling to another country in Indonesia with my friend. It was mid-night and we had no choice but to ride with another passenger who was making small talk with us. He has long hair, bib body and looked like a mafia type of person. This thought made our whole trip covered with the “fear chi”, making us tense, uncomfortable and worried. Throughout we were talking to him with intention to change whatever bad intention he has with us.

Actually, that was all in mind, he turned to be a very good person who just wanted to protect us. He even brought us safe home, not leaving until we were inside our house. I just discovered that the chi we experience is something that is based only in what we believe at the moment. If we can change our belief, we can change the experience coming from that.


Jocelyn (Filipina student);
Our chi has impact, we can change people’s heart –

I am with my daughter this day and I want her to be very happy because I am leaving and I would not see her for two years. I like her to have a memory that I gave her all that she needed. In the mall, I realized I needed to go to the pawnshop to tide over my lack of money. There was none in that mall. I had to struggle through traffic to go to distant place where there is one. Finally, I got there but to my irritation the person involved was demanding for two identification cards. Actually, some do not require that. I had to run again for another pawnshop. Still, same demand. You can just imagine how I was stewing in my own stress, I was just ready to explode!

I stopped. I realized I am full of bad chi at that point. But, what to do now? I’m not only running out of money, I am also running out of time. I remembered, you can influence another person with your chi. I focused on the positive. I will plead with my chi to her. I will beg her for consideration. It worked! My chi has impact!


Dheeraj (Nepali Male Student):

“Where the mind goes, the chi follows”.

These days I’m far from home, feeling homesick, missing my friends, family and country. My mind finds itself flying home, I cannot concentrate on the lessons I need to focus on. Something in heart blocks the way my where my chi is suppose to flow for me to achieve my goal in life. I cannot let this continue. I’ve learned that through learning Chi Kung, that I empower myself to not be at the mercy of my emotion. My feelings is just the result of the flow of chi. To regain my focus and strength I need to adjust my posture that could lead me to sadness. Balancing my posture allows me to be alert and awake and responsive to the task at hand. My breathing can bring more energy into my brain so that I would be more resourceful in dealing with my daily problems. My mind can be made to focus on my priorities and control the distractions that continually try to displace my direction.


Niezel (Filipina Student):
Rejuvenating through tai chi exercise -

The daily schedule of a student in the Academy is really hectic – no time for “gimmick”, extra-curricular activities. We are daily loaded up with homework that even our evenings up to the time we go to bed are for studying. If I do not conserve my energy, I would be left with nothing to store and build up my chi for times of great demand. If I do not conserve my energy, I would be using up the energy I have in store or even eating up into the energy to maintain the health of my internal organs. When this happens, I know I will eventually get sick or unable to think well and my emotion will easily be unbalanced.

Tai chi exercises allows my energy to be generated by my deep breathing and my gathering of energy from the ground, from the sky, from the trees and sea and rivers. I open up to gather them and circulate them in body, balancing the energies in my internal organs, muscles and bones. I focus my mind so that these energies are purified into positive vibrations flowing through me. This way I feel renewed everyday and ready to face a new hectic day as a normal challenge.





          Part I: Students Discover and Apply Tai Chi Principles in Daily Life        
I’m very fortunate to be sharing and learning tai chi and its application to every day life to a lovely class of physical therapist at the Shangrila Spa Academy, Manila, Philippines. These students from all over the Philippines, Nepal and Indonesia learned very simple movement forms and chi kung principles to focus on how they can apply them in the daily issues of their student life- many of them away from family and loved ones.

Reading their experiences makes me remember how often we can use tai chi and chi kung in everyday situations:

Aubrey:
Discovering how negative chi can be purified by practicing the “3 Adjustments”-
Chi is in our environment and permeating all aspects of our lives. While it cannot be seen, we can discover that it exists in many ways as in good and bad or positive and negative manifestation of chi. I’ve discovered its negative aspect recently:

My having bad eyesight and the need to take down notes from a distance where I sit in the class had caused me unbearable headache. The continuing effort of straining to see had seemed to drain my chi and had caused a blockage and deficiency in the areas of my eyes and brain, which manifested in this throbbing pain in head. To make things worse, I believe I was also generating negative chi in my emotion.

Right after dinner, I immediately laid down to relax my tired and beat-up body. But as much as I wanted to rest, I felt restless and distracted. At that point I remembered the tai chi lecture on how tai chi can be applied in situation such as this. Instantaneously, I sat down on the edge of the bed and made the "3 adjustments of chi kung" (1) adjusted my posture to be balanced and relaxed which helped my (2) breathing to be deep, long, even, smooth and silent. Beginning to loosen and release the constriction in my chest and abdomen, I felt my breath becoming more abdominal and was gathering more oxygen and chi particularly into my brain. I then I (3) focused my mind letting it to be less distracted and more calm and sensing my relaxing my body. In a short while, I began to feel better and my outlook opened up to be more positive and resourceful.
I realized how tense and stressed I was and that working on the chi kung’s “three adjustments” – posture relaxation, breathing and mind focusing – is a very effective way to meet any challenge in life.

Felina:
Discovering how positively chi affects us-
In was a Sunday morning and I was strolling to church when I discovered how positive chi could make that day a super fabulous one. That chi simply appeared when I chanced to meet the whole family of my best friend from long time ago. Even though my best friend was not there with them, she being out of the country, that meeting was filled with heartfelt greetings and catching up on what has happened, hugging and shaking hands. An immeasurable emotional high enveloped me. At that point I felt chi emanating from their smiles, their body and their words and I said to my self, “so this is positive chi, and it does circulate among people who feel each other”. At times like this, one has just to express that overwhelming chi with an expression of gratitude to God.

Jhem:
Bending Time in a Traffic Jam-
That Friday evening I was rushing, excited to get home from my classes at the Academy and looking forward to enjoying my brothers’ company and resting early. But the traffic turned out to be not only bad, the bus I was on seemed stuck at standstill. Slowly I felt my excitement turning into impatience and anger. My chi was turning from positively golden to turbid gray. In exasperation I leaned back on the chair and got thought that I shouldn’t get this situation to destroy my evening. I adjusted the way I held my body to be more balanced, centered and relaxed as I focused my mind in deep abdominal breathing. I focused on happy moments I had in my pasts and one good memory lead to another and I found my self really enjoying my session on reflecting. Then I realized that two hours stock in the traffic flew like few minute. Working on chi, we can change how time feels.

John-john:
The level of chi does not depend on how much energy we spent that day-
It was after office and classes in the evening. I was already tired and also felt I needed to conserve my energy for the long class work the next day. But it was my cousin’s birthday party and I had to go. Before entering the house, I composed myself by adjusting the way I carried myself, breathed deeply from my abdomen and focused on the thought that this is time to be happy. I entered the house with a bright smile and an open heart and mind to circulate with the people. Right then I felt that my own energy was circulating inside me and around the other people in the room. I just flowed with this chi as I felt it circulating smoothly. It was memorable evening and I felt energized rather than depleted.

Irene:
Teacher save the day by giving us a break to exercise-
It was after lunch and the subject of the lecture was very complicated. We felt like our chi was stagnating and not flowing into our brains. We were obviously straining to focus on the lesson. Our teacher was perceptive and wise and gave us an exercise break. We took the opportunity to do group tai chi. From doing the exercises it felt like the stress and tension we felt was released. After that I continued to do the “3 adjustments” and particularly focused my mind on my goals and the reasons for me to keep motivated. This way I get going through difficult hours in the classroom.

Eric:
Arrogant people transmits negative chi-
Learning about chi made me more aware how people chi affects my chi. I come from the southern islands of the Philippines and we speak with a different accent from people in Manila. Some Manila people think we are inferior because of this. It is a stupid way to think but their looking down on us affects me negatively. I feel downtrodden and insulted. It triggers off my homesickness, missing my family and loved ones. Learning chi kung made me remember that I need not be a victim of such things. I have power and control of the harmonious flow of energy in my body. I can make the three simple adjustments and direct my focus on something positive and not dwell on this negative people. So I do tai chi, listen to peaceful music, call my love one, converse with my friend, all these easily purifies my negative chi to be bright and positive again.

Melanie:
Managing chi with a little help from friends-
There are simple things I do that really help me adjust my chi. Taking a brisk shower in morning for one gets me ready for any type of day ahead. Even during times that I would have to skip breakfast to finish the many things I have to do, I get along doing my 3 adjustments or what I call PBF (Posture balancing & relaxing, Breathing deeply and Focusing positively). If these are not enough there are always my friends whose smiles, laughter and lively conversations never fail to get my stagnating energy circulating again. With these even difficult day don’t seem so stressful.

Charity:
Teamed-up with someone I despised-
According to Buddha, to be with the one you despise is one of the unavoidable sufferings in life. Our school head confirmed this with his firm admonition to me, “You should follow what you are told”.
Every tissue in my female body was rebelling in spite of my realizing how unprofessional I was behaving. So, I decided to act on this issue – “I would confront this negative chi that is represented by this person I was teamed up with!” But before proceeding, I had to align and find my calm center, take as many deep breaths as necessary to discover the right intentions to focus on. After this, I finally gained the wisdom and strength to express to him my wounded emotion and listened to his side. We eventually arrived at an arrangement that works for the both of us. Now, we are working harmoniously.

Rachana:
We love to keep going back to places where we feel positive chi-
I always look forward to going to our cafeteria. They always greet me by name and always sees to it that my vegetarian meal (specially cooked for me is ready). No matter in what physical and emotional state I am, this place – because of its people and the healthy food they cook for me – always, always makes me high.

Ajaya:
Our chi connections, hurting & healing-
One morning, my friends’ and my chi were shaken by the angry chi of one of our friends. In a loud and hurting voice he asked us, “Am I not your friend? Why do you go out on a fun trip together without inviting me?”
His chi affected our chi and we felt both guilty and sad for him. We needed to heal the wounded connections between us.
So we had to center ourselves before we could positive affect his aching chi. Doing the “3 adjustments, it felt like we knew just what to say and do to console and comfort him. It took a while, but instantly we knew the healing was in progress.
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          MAGIE MENTALI        
magie-mentaliMostra di Pittura Mostra di Pittura Circolo UnionePalazzo Fazzari

          Everest Starts Filming in Nepal, First Photo Released Read more: Everest Starts Filming in Nepal        
First Photo Released
          Sherpa guide killed fixing route on Mount Everest        
A mountaineering official in Nepal says a Sherpa guide has been killed while fixing the climbing route on Mount Everest. It is the first death reported during the popular spring mountaineering season.
          2 Everest climbs put Nepalese woman in record book        
Nepalese mountaineer Chhurim entered the record book by scaling Mount Everest twice in the same climbing season. In fact, she did so a week apart.
          Crowd attempts Everest summit after deadly weekend        
KATMANDU, Nepal - Scores of climbers were headed for the summit of Mount Everest on Friday to begin what is expected to be another busy weekend on the top of the world.
          La feria de la montaña y el ecoturismo        
Este fin de semana abre sus puertas La Feria Esqui y Montaña y Naturiva, antes denominada Expotural. Lo mejor de la nieve y la naturaleza se unen para ofrecer a los visitantes un turismo alternativo y sensible con el medio ambiente.

Las principales estaciones de esquí y montaña de España tendrán un papel destacado en la exposición, donde presentarán su programa de actividades y eventos para una temporada que no queda delimitada ya al invierno gracias al cambio en las tendencias de consumo y que les permite así rentabilizar al máximo sus recursos. Cinco países conforman la presencia internacional en Esquí y Montaña / Naturiva, ya que habrá representación del turismo de Estados Unidos, Francia, Argentina, Nepal y Andorra.

No faltará tampoco la habitual zona de venta de material deportivo, donde importantes tiendas y marcas ofrecerán al visitante la posibilidad de adquirir ropa, esquís, calzado y muchos más productos a muy buen precio.

Uno de los eventos que más expectación volverá a crear en Esquí y Montaña / Naturiva será la celebración de la prueba final de la Copa de España de Escalada en categorías absoluta y juvenil, a la que este año se unirá el I Máster Naturiva, que reunirá a los diez mejores escaladores del mundo en una competición sin precedentes. El rocódromo, situado al fondo del pabellón, tendrá 9 metros de anchura y vías de 15 metros de recorrido y, para lograr la dificultad necesaria, se desploma hasta 9 metros.

Habrá además una pista de esquí de 30 metros de largo por 10 de ancho, patrocinada por Nieve de Aragón. La pista estará realizada con Snowflex, un innovador material que consigue emular los efectos de la nieve en un descenso con esquís o tablas de snowboard.

Además, habrá exhibiciones de saltos y piruetas freestyle en una pista de 12 metros de largo por 10 de ancho, que contará con unos desniveles con distintas barandillas para saltar y una zona de frenada.

Si todo esto te parece poco, debes saber que al comprar tu entrada recibirás un regalo: por la compra de un forfait de un día en Vallnord te regalan otro para el mismo día. No dejes de acudir al stand de Vallnord y rellenar un formulario para entrar en el sorteo de un fin de semana para dos personas: alojamiento, desayuno, y media pensión más forfaits de dos días en el hotel Abba Suite Hotel. Acércate este fin de semana y empieza a planificar tus escapadas blancas.

Nombre: Naturiva Madrid (antes Expotural) - Esquí y Montaña
Lugar: IFEMA. Feria de Madrid.
Pabellón: 7
Fecha: Del 14 al 16 de noviembre de 2008.
Horario: 11:00 a 20:00 h.
Carácter: Público general y profesional
Periodicidad: Anual
Precio de la entrada: 5 euros

          On Identity & Post-Identity: Reflections of a Brown Man (Part 1)...        
This post comprises a set of reflections peppered with professional musings about geopolitics and the world around us. 


There's probably an entire television series I could write simply based on 'interactions' that I've had at the airport. Whether it's been in Central Asia, the Sub-continent, the Middle East, Europe or of course, North America, I've never felt more brown than when I've walked into an airport. It's as if I spend a few extra hours in the sun on the days I travel. I'm crispy and a shade darker. Every Muslim - or Muslimish - male likely has a special razor he uses for long-haul flights, lest his 5 o'clock shadow becomes a security-risk mid-flight.

Brownness it seems is an odd curse in our world. There are entire industries dedicated to de-browning people. Literally. The leading products are those from our friends at Fair & Lovely, who politely inform us that our skin could get in the way of a dream job. There are also more 'intimate' concerns as well (for down there that is). Estimates are that the global skin whitening market reaches upwards of $18 billion in just Asia alone. Yet, it's not just an Asian (West or South) trend, our darker shaded brethren also partake in the habit. The Economist reported that a whopping 77% of Nigerian women use some form of skin-lightening product. And why not - from your personal life to your professional life, there are countless studies that shows being a little lighter and whiter can make your days brighter. In Mexico, it appears that dark skin can limit your socio-economic status. Nevertheless, who wants to live a life not comfortable in your own skin?

I think I've always been comfortable with 'brown' even if others have always been ambivalent about the term (and my own level of comfort with it). UPS' branded slogan, "What can brown do for you" was my slogan when I ran for student government at the Kennedy School of Government (n.b. never run for government at a school of government). This was to the chagrin of some of my latino-associated 'browns'. You see, 'brown' is an amorphous word that can encompass a range of individuals from across the religious, ethnic, and racial spectrum. Hispanic. Latino. Indian. Pakistani. Middle Eastern (Arab to Persian). Even Black. From there. Originally from there. Kind of from there. It's a catch-all term that belies ascription or description. It is a self-definition. There is much more of a tendency of society, Eastern & Western, global and local, to avoid the obvious or conversely assume while oblivious. It is why, the term Black when entering into popular consciousness is still uncomfortable in contemporary American society, even though many feel that it is the term that refers most closely to their being.

Our mass media culture is much more comfortable failing to acknowledge difference or accentuating it without understanding it. President Barack Obama is an African-American - even though he is half-white, raised by White grandparents in White America. Everything else is too complicated. The world looks for static and stereotyped identities when the truth is our own sense of self is much more fluid and dynamic. 'Brown' is at once simple and sophomoric while at the same time nebulous and nuanced. I've found that whether you like it or not, others will seek to define you along the lines they would like you to fit within - it's your choice, however, to live inside or outside those lines.

Growing up in the West, you are automatically attuned to your racial identity. In Canada you are a jigsaw piece to a mosaic multicultural puzzle. What exotic element do you represent? In Vancouver over 50% of respondents identify themselves as non-white. There, 'brown' is part of the visible majority (visible in being dark I guess) rather than a visible minority. In the U.S. you are expected to blend into some type of melting pot. There, across the nation, over half of children born in the country are born to ethnic and visible minorities.

Some people run from their background. It's an immigrant story not just specific to the brown-folk. Afshin turns into Sean, Mohammed into Mo, and the list goes on. That well integrated Muslim may be shaving, but he mysteriously disappears around prayer time on Fridays. I once had a friend who thought that 'Mosque' was the name of some club I went to every week. True story (actually true). One of the key things is to not speak like your parents, depending, of course, on how your parents speak. In my case, at 12, I still had trouble pronouncing the letter 'V'. For whatever reason, I would also mix up my 'Vs' and 'Ws' - being from West Vancouver, it was a bit of a problem.

Yet, as much as there are people trying to wash the brown away, there are others who soak in it. They bask in the familiarity of their likeness. Other brown-folk get the jokes. The inside jokes. About why the house may smell like curry spices. That at least one relative is an illegal immigrant. That you don't understand why white people can't dance (although your Bollywood numbers would cause you to question your own moves).

And all the while, whatever the second-generation immigrant choice, the society around you has already made its own decisions. For the former group, one day they'll walk into a room and realize: we're brown. It may be that your true name will be discovered. Once, when I came to my grade 7 science class, my teacher excitedly looked at me claiming he had seen my namesake in the movies over the weekend. He had just watched the Lion King and pointed at me saying 'Rafiki'. The fact that I actually do have East African roots, and relatives who live in Kenya was not known to him; he was just amused by the exoticism of the phonetic connection. It happens to the best of those hiding in plain sight, when they are asked to speak for a 'group'. You can run all you want but you are always an outsider to some people. After 9/11 all types of brown people who had never even contemplated their brownness were swept up - literally and figuratively - in the hysteria.

Yet, even the latter group, that seeks to withdraw into a bubbled existence of sameness, realizes the folly of that path. Going back to Mumbai. Or Baghdad. Or Cairo. Or Karachi. It's much more going until returning than going back. The first thing that normally happens is your language is bit off. That Hindi isn't really that good. You never quite mastered how to read Arabic. And there's that aunt who's kind of laughing at the fact that you aren't really brown anymore but white. What? Exactly.

Neither here nor there is the place of the East-West hybridity that is many of us today. You can be confused. And the world around you will be confused. Living in Dubai and working in the wider Middle East (another strange term of history) has only heightened the absurdity of dissonance for me. While in the West, your compatriots may give you the colour-blind benefit of the doubt, there ain't no leniency back East. The moment I get into a cab, the fellow brown driver (Nepali, Indian or Pakistani) tries to make the 'original' connection. But it's worse with your socio-economic classmates. With the cavalry of cacophonous colours collecting in the city, disaggregating the rainbow appears to be priority number one. There is no priority for understanding complex identities. As if you could wash the colour away with one generation (even if that was not what you were trying to do)? In Canada or the U.S., I'm a hyphenated identity or a misunderstood one, but in Dubai, I'm - Indian or Pakistani. Is it worth it to confuse people? To tell them your father is from Uganda - ah but he's not Black! Or that you are born in Canada - but you're not White! Or that you feel connection to India as much as Pakistan - but you're Muslim!

Being 'brown' really is a euphemism for what is really our ability to define our own identity. I'm Brown not Indian or Ugandan or Pakistani or Muslim or Eastern or Western. There's more to that identity than just pronouns and assumptions. And while people may feel it's inventive or counter-cultural, is it more so than the modern form of nationality? Until 1945, there was no such thing as the United Nations and most the developing world was the 'third world' under colonial rule. India and Pakistan didn't exist when my father's family immigrated in the late 1800s and early 1900s to East Africa - it was British India. Canada itself only became a country in 1867. There's a myth that migration is new and borders old. It's the other way around.

So then, what is my identity? How can you embrace a multitude of discrete faces without becoming unrecognizable? And can society and the world accept what confounds conventions?

These are some of the questions that I'll address in subsequent posts in the coming days. Yet, one thing I'll say:

Each of us has a multitude of identities we are always balancing that weave together to form our individual tapestries. We are a blend of ethnicity and language, religion and philosophy. Our parents and grandparents often have varying geographical roots and in our lives so far we've traversed many more. Where we settle isn't always where we started. For me, finding how this comes together becomes important for understanding my own individiual path. Yet, for society, and especially transitional societies, understanding this complexity of identity becomes formative in building stable nations in the 21st century.








          TERCER POLO        

Glaciares del Himalaya y el Tibet que ocupan partes de India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan y China, y que son una importante reserva de agua para Asia.


          OZBILJNO PITAM        
a da probas da joj se prisunjas Smile)

djaba,pokusao i nepali.jedino da se negdje preslim u neki drugi grad gdje me nepoznaju Smile)

Samo nemoj da sebi zbog toga nabijes komplekse...

hvala ti tresnjice i necu vjeruj mi.samo sam rijesio da okrenem list i ti neki nazovi prijatelji mi to vise nikad nece biti
          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering

(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 

BUT.........

*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**

No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice

NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 

I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!

Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!


Boulder, CO 80305 - USA

Monday, August 14 at 11:00 AM

2

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/242322431/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, August 21 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywlbcc/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, August 28 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywlblc/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, September 4 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywmbgb/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, September 11 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywmbpb/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, September 18 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywmbxb/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, September 25 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywmbhc/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, October 2 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywnbdb/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, October 9 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywnbmb/


          Nepalese Vegan Monday Lunch Buffet, HOSTED by Nepal Cuisine- PLEASE READ DETAILS        

photo"Vegan Life Colorado" Denver Metro

What is this?  Weekly Vegan Monday lunch buffet offering


(This is not a gathering so go when you can between 11 & 3) 


BUT.........


*I (Ann) attend this at noon almost every Monday.  Members are always welcome to join me.  If you plan to join me, it will help me to plan where to sit and how many seats needed, if you will please RSVP, and then make a note in the comments that you are planning to sit with me.  If you can't get there right at noon, I don't mind staying until everyone has finished, when I can. **If ever I can't go, I'll change my RSVP to "no", and I'll also comment in the space at the bottom of this event page**


No RSVP needed, unless you want to let me or others know you'll be there in order to plan to sit together. You can post the time you'll be there in the comment section below, if you like. I can usually try to plan to go earlier, if needed and with some advance notice


NOTE: The soy chai is not included in the buffet, but it's only $2.50 extra and it comes with 1 free refill! 


I set this up as a MeetUp, because the notes on the calendar don't show up on our home page.  This way new members and visitors to our group can see them and will also know about them.  I hope you'll check out Nepal Cuisine Vegan Monday soon!


Click to visit and "like" their FaceBook page!





Denver, CO 80202 - USA

Monday, October 16 at 11:00 AM

1

https://www.meetup.com/VeganLifeColorado/events/mcrghnywnbvb/


          A Chance to Travel The Rocky Beauty Of Nepal (Mountain Hawk Trekking)        
Mother Nature has presented the land-bolted Nepal the best. With snow crested mountains and greenery all around, Nepal is one of the must visit put for each nature lover.
          Adventures of Trekking to the Everest Base Camp in Nepal (Mountain Hawk Trekking)        
Everest Base Camp trek journey likewise has the disclosure of going by the Tengboche Monastery along the trail. It lies in the Tengboche Village in Khumjung.
          Trekking in Nepal with the best Nepal Makalu travel agency (nepal makalu)        
We are specialized on adventure trekking in Everest, Annapurna, Langtang, Mustang, Manaslu and other destinations. Contact us for adventure treks.
          El Camino del Norte. Día 6. Deba - Markina-Xemein        
A las 6:45 me despierta el runrún de la gente que empieza a moverse.  No tengo nada que hacer hasta las 9, así que me enrosco en el saco con los auriculares.  No le pongo el sleep y, al rato, una melodía reclama mi atención.  Es una bonita canción pop para arrancar el día, el Yet Again de Grizzly Bear, que me despereza.  De todos modos, son ya casi las ocho. Al ir a colocar las alforjas, soy incapaz de encontrar la llave del candado de la bici.  Es la primera noche que la he atado en todo el viaje.

Todo tiene solución y la Guardia Urbana me presta una cizalla. Asusta un poco ver lo fácil que es robar una bici con las herramientas adecuadas...


 No hay mejor manera
de empezar el día
Que bajando una escalera
en bici, con alegría

(Versos candidatos al premio Nacional de poesía)

Ná, si es por murmurar de algo, que esta se baja facilita...


Ya callejeé el pueblo ayer por la tarde y no tenía muy buenas perspectivas. Hay algún negocio para la línea de piedras y cristales, pero no triunfo con los souvenirs.  En algunos terrenos no se pueden hacer filigranas. 

Tomo otra clase de euskera.  A pesar de que, por lo que venden y por la fonética podría parecer que venden terrorismo chino, la traducción del cartel es, llanamente "Bazar chino".  Está cerca de la tienda de bicis y vende los candados entre 2 y 3 euros más baratos, pero yo soy más del comercio local y prefiero pagarle los 8 pavos al tipo de aqui.  Ya les regalamos hace tiempo la producción, hay que defender la distribución.


Son las once de la mañana y decidido pasarme por el forro el Camino marcado en las guías.  Discurre casi todo por el monte, sin pasar por ninguna población importante y viendo como estaba el panorama de barro y piedras  decido pasar por Mutriku y Ondarroa, antes de subir por el norte hasta Markina-Xemein.  Son más kilómetros, pero paso por dos poblaciones apañadas más a las que les puedo echar un ojo comercial y voy a transitar, al menos, un día sobre asfalto. 

El trecho hasta Mutriku es casi todo en subida, pero el paisaje facilita el pedaleo. Al cuarto de hora las muñecas empiezan a dolerme cosa fina y me administro dos tramadoles para ayudarle a la mente a combatir las punzadas.  Luego ya intentaré la versión zen del pain control, pero aún no he despertado del todo.


Al llegar a Mutriku, le recibe a uno el saludo del Conde Damián Churruca, marinero destacado hasta la batalla de Trafalgar, que lo certificó como héroe ya que la palmó ahí.  Pregunta de observación... ¿Que partido gobierna en Mutriku, teniendo en cuenta que el edificio de atrás es la udaletxea (el ayuntamiento)?


Mutriku es otro típico pueblecito marinero vasco, con las casas bastante bien arregladitas y pintadas de colores.


El estilo de la fachada de la Iglesia se sale un poco de los cánones habituales.  El estado de la puerta es el mismo que en casi todas partes: cerrada.


El paseo hasta el puerto es muy agradable.  A pesar de no ser muy grande, tiene vida comercial y muchos bares de tapas.



Como en muchos pueblos, los fuertes desniveles se salvan con ascensores.  No es un tema de comodidad, si no que se hace para facilitarle el desplazamiento a las personas que tienen movilidad reducida.  Con esas cuestas, empuja tu una silla de ruedas o un esqueleto de 80 años...


No voy preparado para lo que se puede vender (habrá que volver otro día y decido continuar hacia Ondarroa.  De camino dejamos Guipúzkoa para entrar en Bizkaia.


El distintivo más peculiar de Ondarroa quizá sea el puente que cruza el río Artibai.


También es conocida su militancia abertzale.


Los pueblos que secan su ropa en los balcones se podría decir que son más transparentes, pero la verdad es que lo hacen porque algunas calles van tan apretadas que los pisos carecen de patios interiores.  Se seca donde se puede....


Es inevitable acordarse de la poesía de Robe Iniesta:

sucede que se me ha alegrado el día ¡coño!
al ver al sol secándose, en tu ventana, tus bragas
(Extremoduro - Sucede)


Cuando llego se está organizando una concentración.  En dos días viene la ertzaintza a ejecutar una orden de detención dictada por el TS contra Urtza Alkorta, condenada a cinco años de cárcel por colaborar con un comando terrorista y la idea es interponer un muro humano para protestar por dicha acción.  No se observa tensión ninguna y están preparando un arrocito que tiene muy buena pinta.  Cuando sabes saludar en euskera, vas de peregrino y tienes un pasado abertzale catalanista, es muy fácil que te inviten a un plato.


Cuando llegó el despliegue de la ertzaintza, la gente se concentraría en el puente peatonal, obligándoles a desalojarlos uno a uno.  Habría alguna escena tensa, pero nada exagerado.  Unos y otros cumplieron con su cometido correctamente y Alkorta terminó enchironada.

El río Artibai abraza la ciudad en todo su recorrido y el otro extremo de la villa respira una calma total, ajena al chup-chup que se cuece a pocas calles.


No hay que pedalear mucho para encontrarse de nuevo en medio del campo...


Si, la metáfora visual podría ser: "Cada día tiene su oveja negra..." :).  Paso por algunas Landa etxea.  A estas alturas ya he podido deducir que "etxea" quiere decir "casa".  Landa será "de campo" o "rural".  Ahora entiendo algunas cosas de Alfredo Landa.  Vasco y de pueblo, al final todo encaja.


El trayecto entre Ondarroa y Markina-Xemein se me hace muy largo.  Esencialmente es cuesta arriba, aunque sin excesiva pendiente, pero lo peor es que las muñecas me duelen bastante y no quiero meterle más tramadol al cuerpo, con lo que tengo que cambiar constántemente la posición sobre el manillar y parar cada cuatro o cinco kilómetros porque se me duermen las manos.  Tengo que ponerle cuernos a la bici en cuanto pueda (Cambiarle el manillar, no montar a otra).  

El dolor obliga a hacer un importante esfuerzo mental para anularlo.  El dolor, el frío, el miedo, el hambre... son sensaciones que tienen un componente psicológico y se puede disminuir la percepción de su intensidad.  Un poco, claro, uno no es un maestro yogui ni nada parecido.  Pero tengo que concentrarme en la respiración y en el pedaleo y no puedo ni llevar música puesta, ni estar para demasiadas hostias con el pasiaje hasta que aparece la plaza mayor de Markina.


El aspecto comercial lo despacho en dos visitas y me puedo dedicar a conocer un poquito mejor la villa y escojo fachadas de Iglesias.  La de Santa María no mola demasiado, pero está al lado del cementerio, que es un sitio bastante representativo de como es la gente de cada lugar.


Allí me encuentro con el enterrador, que siempre suele ser un tipo peculiar y con bastante sentido del humor o con cero de él. Este es de los primeros. Me cuenta alguna anécdota de entierros, como el día en que metió un féretro en otro nicho y casi la palma la viuda, del disgusto. También me señala unas cuantas lápidas con el lauburu grabado en ellas.

El orígen del lauburu (lau=cuatro buru=cabeza) es indostánico y muy antiguo, de la zona donde ahora está el Nepal y no está muy claro como llegó hasta la cornisa cantábrica. Los celtas adoptaron la versión que llaman tetrasquel, algo diferente del original, que es el que está en la lápida.  Actualmente se suele representar con las aspas en sentido contrario, para evitar las comparaciones con la cruz gamada nazi, inspirada en este símbolo.


Antes de la ducha, dos clases rápidas de euskera.  La primera:


"Todo a cien"... (Si, ya...).  La segunda:


La señal no prohibe el paso a coches, terroristas y motos. "Eta" es la conjunción copulativa "y"...

Es curioso, pero no saqué ninguna foto del albergue, ubicado en un convento carmelita y donde también te atienden estupendamente.  Antes de cenar nos pasamos por el frontón (si no hay frontón, no hay pueblo), para ver entrenar un ratito a las jóvenes promesas del cesta-punta.


Para la cena hay que organizar dos mesas, que no cabemos todos en una.  Me toca al lado de Alex (el primero por la derecha), un francés estupendo y con un sentido del humor magnífico.  Desde Fréderic Fau (otro gran tipo), hace como cinco años, que no conocía a alguien nacido en Francia que no fuera un candidato perfecto para comida de carroñeras.  Con éste me lo pasé genial.  Detalle: cuando estuvo chateando con el móvil un par de minutos se excusó al principio diciendo: "es mi hijo".  Al acabar sentenció: "Tener un hijo es como tener un perro, pero más humano".


Era su último día en el Camino y quisieron despedirse invitando a una ronda (NdA: los franceses suelen ser muy agarrados.  Los catalanes, a su lado, parecen los Reyes Magos de Oriente.)


Cuando nos dimos cuenta de la hora, el hospitalero había venido a por nosotros, ya eran ¡más de las diez! Avergonzados, nos dirigimos a cama.  Las diez y veinte... ¡menudo desfase!


Hoy gasté 35 €, incluyendo el candado nuevo para la bici.  El total acumulado es de 226.
Hoy hay que anotarle al doping cinco tramadoles, cuatro rulas de diclofenaco, un cuarto de tubo de radiosalil y dos lexatines  Una farmacia ambulante, vamos.

Todas las fotos están en un album de feis, as usual.
          â€˜Menstruation Hut’ Ritual Tragically Kills Teen in Nepal        

A 19-year-old Nepali woman has died after being bitten by a venomous snake in a shanty designated for menstruating women and girls, according to CNN. Tulasi Shahi, from western Nepal’s Dailekh district, was exiled to the so-called “menstruation hut” while on her period due to the ancient custom of chhaupadi, which forces anyone menstruating to live […]

The post ‘Menstruation Hut’ Ritual Tragically Kills Teen in Nepal appeared first on NextShark.


          Pracowników z Ukrainy w Polsce zastąpią ludzie z Mołdawii, Nepalu i Bangladeszu        
- Póki co, nie widzimy, by Ukraińcy masowo zaczęli opuszczać nasz kraj, ale długofalowo na wyjazd może zdecydować się około 20 do 30 proc. z nich - mówi Piotr Zając, prezes grupy Progres w rozmowie z PulsHR.pl.
          Reflections on Achham: Growth and Opportunity.         
GROW: a : to spring up and develop to maturity.  to have an increasing influence. to promote the development of. -Merriam Webster Dictionary.


Two months in Achham. Two months a world away from what we are used to in the United States, yet still, it is only two months. Two months is hardly enough time to understand, to appreciate, and to develop. Yet time flows differently in Achham and development, both personal and otherwise, comes sooner than one expects.

Growing up
Personal development is easy when one is starting from nothing. Before this summer, the world of international development and global health was very much a rhetorical one, given life only through articles and essays. In retrospect, despite nearly a year of campaigning and raising awareness through Globemed, my view of Bayalpata Hospital was significantly flawed before I actually got there. With all the rhetoric of ‘grassroots’ and ‘community-based’ I had thrown into my prepared elevator pitch, I was a bit unprepared to see a respectable looking complex with solar panels, tiled floors, that looked, well, a lot better than what I was expecting, honestly. My mental image was tied up in the form of the small community clinic that Nyaya started with, but the hospital has grown, expanded, developed. Nyaya has changed for the better, expanding and serving more people and as such it has, without us knowing, left behind many of the phrases we use to describe it.

Growing Out
Our rhetoric emphasizes that Nyaya is a grassroots organization. It’s a good word, one that really gets people excited. It invokes images of strong community backing and involvement, small, local roots, and a personal touch to healthcare delivery. Does that word still apply when if the small regional clinic has upgraded to one of two district-level hospitals that serve patients from hours away? Does it apply to the public-private partnership that is looking to dramatically increase the amount of government funding it receives, fighting through the bureaucracy to achieve it? Does that word describe an organization which has a U.S. team of researchers that receive tens of thousands of dollars in grants to do research that often seems to fly in the face of reason for the Nepal side? What does the word “grassroots” mean when the organization grows?  

Growing In
The point of a successful campaign is, in many ways, to paint the scenario in the best light. The danger of successful campaigning is that it becomes easy to believe your own elevator pitch. One forgets that organizations are not purely corrupt and inefficient or transparent and streamlined. Problems exist. Inefficiencies gum up the works. Communication lines are often tangled and tensions sometimes run high. That is the reality, not the campaign. And while it is important to frame the organization and the fundraising goal in a light that will promote action and involvement, it is essential that delusion does not become an accepted tradeoff. A realistic assessment of strengths and weaknesses is necessary for the chapter as a whole, not only to foster a better understanding of our partner, but to better think of ways to help strengthen the partnership.  

Growing Understanding
It is often difficult to describe the demographic Nyaya serves to others, whether while giving an elevator pitch, or while campaigning. “Rural Nepal” is hopelessly inadequate. “Under-served” is difficult to visualize. “Impoverished” gives a one-sided view of the situation. In reality, no summary for an elevator pitch can capture the full nuances of the Achhami populace. What’s a short way of saying “subsistence farmer / migrant worker / tea shop entrepreneurs / impoverished but not starving / hard working and generous / indolent and self-serving / caring parents / neglectful parents / victims/perpetrators of gender inequality / happily married / domestically abusive when drunk / bearing great burdens, physical and otherwise / mild hypochondriacs believing that no pills or tests means ineffective treatment” ? How do you summarize a caste system that segregates and discriminates, and how do you give an overview of a younger generation who couldn’t care less about caste? How can you express the changes occurring, from changing age-old traditions which harmed women to improving overall health through community investments, and how can you reconcile that with the cold reality that the more things change, the more things stay the same in the sense that at the end of the day, you still have to look out for number one. In a society where males are valued more, there are parents who love and pamper and cherish their daughters. In a community where most people perform migrant work or subsistence farming, there are some who dream of studying abroad and pursuing higher education. No matter how hard one tries, there is really no way of easily encompassing the population that Bayalpata Hospital serves, who are probably the most important detail when describing the hospital’s care.

Growing Pains
If a hospital runs out of medicine in rural Nepal, does it make a sound? Poisonous snakes are, unfortunately, all too common in Achham. The problem was exacerbated by a country-wide shortage of antivenom. So when, one night, a member of the Armed Police Force came to the hospital with a snake bite, what could be done? How must it have felt, knowing that if only there was this small vial of liquid, everything would be all right? What sort of terror and anticipation must have filled that officer’s heart when, in the middle of the night, he was told that there was a chance, a CHANCE, that the other of two district-level hospitals in Achham MIGHT have antivenom. That is the stuff of nightmares. Often, donations and campaigns are run for projects that are sexy, that are popular, that are easy ways to pluck peoples’ heartstrings and their wallets. But basic issues of supplies and logistics are sometimes more complex than a single hospital can handle, and sometimes the simplest things are the ones that need the most attention.  

Growing forward

Growth can be tough, and Nyaya fits all of the descriptions of growing. It has come to maturity, both scaling up in physical size and also in scope of services, going from a small clinic in Sanfe to being awarded “Best Hospital in Nepal”. More and more, Nyaya has increasing influence in both the region, and also the nation, through its work with the government. Through both Nyaya Health Nepal’s work with the government and also through Nyaya Health International’s work in implementation science, Nyaya works to promote its core values of transparency and efficiency in delivering healthcare to those that need it most. But growing can be difficult. Growing pains are normal. Nyaya faces challenges that it must overcome, from communication to employee retention. But growing also means new opportunities, for both Nyaya’s efforts in Nepal, and also for Globemed at Tufts to be as useful as we can for our partner. Whether or not we seize these opportunities and minimize the associated growing pains is up to us. 



          An Early Morning Surprise        

Earlier this morning while going on rounds with the doctors at the hospital, I realized how easily we take ambulance services for granted in the US.  I was standing in the inpatient department excited to hear that the mother and child, who was delivered by Bayalpata’s second Cesearean section, were doing well, when I was asked to go to the front of the hospital to take some pictures.  A mother had just arrived and was finishing the delivery process, which had started in the jeep transporting her to the hospital.  The nurses were quick to help her out, severing the baby’s cord in order to quickly bring her to the warming table in the IPD.  Then they helped the mother out of the jeep so that she could finish the process of labor in a more sterile environment.  In a matter of minutes the baby was wrapped up with her clothes on, the mother was walking around, and the nurses were busy preparing for yet another birth.

After the craziness of the moment settled down, I began to wonder why the mother had come to the hospital, knowing that it was likely she would deliver in the jeep, clearly not an ideal situation.  Without even having to ask, one of the nurses provided me with the answer, “You know many women come here even they know its too late.  That way they can still receive the delivery incentive.  In 2005 Nepal created the Safe Delivery Incentive Program (SDIP), which provides mothers an incentive to deliver at a health facility.  Here in Achham, the incentive in 1,000 rupees.  This program was a response to the high costs associated with accessing care, particularly in rural areas as well as overall low rates of skilled-birth attendants present at deliveries.   Over the last three years deliveries have increased 350% from an average of only 6 delivers per month to an average of 26 deliveries per month since the opening the hospital.   We are now seeing about one delivery per day as more and more women choose to access these services at the hospital, but as this case demonstrates even such a well intentioned program can have unintended consequences.  

 The cord is cut and the baby is quickly wrapped in a shawl.


Two nurses help out of the jeep and into hospital.


 The baby is placed on the warming table.


 Weighing the baby....she is big! 


 The baby is brought out for everyone to see.



          Baylpata's First C-Section        

Over a week ago on July 3rd, Baylpata's First C-Section was performed by Dr. Tewari, aided by a team of nurses and assistants.  We regret not sharing this momentous occasion earlier, but here in Achham time quickly gets away from us.  This surgery marked the end of a long commitment to provide the first surgical services at Bayalpata Hospital, and is a testament to the dedication of everyone at Nyaya Health both here in Nepal and in Boston.  As Dan Schwarz wrote to me in an email shortly after, "yet again, we have shown that the impossible is possible."  

For those who have never been to Achham, it is perhaps difficult to convey how much of a positive impact the implementation of surgical services at Bayalpata Hospital will have for the community.  In the United States one is rarely more than a thirty minute trip for a hospital. In Achham, a women is lucky if she must only walk a single our to reach a point of care, and the distance to reach a surgical center is almost always far greater.  Even more troublesome is the reality that the quality of services at many locations which patients have travel hours to reach frequently leaves much to be desired. Closer, more reliable surgical services will undoubtedly save the lives of many who previously may not have made it a hospital in time, and will reduce the burden of traveling for many. 


Nyaya Health's Amazing Surgical Team!  


 

Just Moments after Birth


The Next Day Mother and Child are Doing Well 




A Very Proud Grandmother 




          The Next (Budget) Generation: Performance-Based Financing at Bayalpata Hospital        
Nyaya Health has always believed in working with the government of Nepal to achieve its goals. While individual donors have made up the bulk of Nyaya Health's financial assets, the Nepalese government has invested $35,000 per year since 2010 and recent budget negotiations have looked to increase government investment to $100,000 a year and more in the coming years. 

The idea for a new contract with the government, due to take effect mid-July, began when the Nepali Ministry of Health approached Nyaya Health to propose a pilot program for future funding of private-public partnerships in Nepal. For this year's contract, Nyaya Health's assets from the government will be dependent on the organization's performance on certain metrics. If Nyaya meets their targeted metrics, then they will receive increased funding the next cycle, but if they don't, their funding from the government will be cut by 20%. Performance based financing for NGOs has been tried in places such as Rwanda and Nicaragua, but this is the first attempt to implement performance based financing in Nepal and focus on outcome-based funding for health organizations.

Nyaya is responsible for formulating 40% of the metrics it will be judged on, and it has focused on measurable outcome-based metrics that will hopefully result in meaningful improvement in both quality and equity of healthcare delivery. For example, one of the metrics Nyaya chose to be measured on is the institutional delivery rate for pregnant women. Nyaya works with many health posts in the region which serve as birthing centers for pregnant women to come in and deliver their babies. However, the birthing centers are often so shabby that expectant mothers choose not to come in to deliver. The performance based financing metric, which funding will be partially based, requires Bayalpata Hospital and the health posts in the region to serve a certain portion of the expected deliveries in the region, and so the hope is that the birthing centers will improve their quality once their financial status is linked to their performance.

Of course, there will be challenges. Performance-based financing relies heavily on the quality of data collection, which, if self-reported, may not always be trustworthy. That’s why Nyaya has attempted to use metrics that can be independently verified, in order to demonstrate that improvement of performance has to be real, and not just an inflated figures on government reports.

The challenges are real, but so are the potential benefits. It’s about a change in mindset. Rather than saying, "we need $100,000 to improve our birthing center", performance-based financing says, "we need $100,000 to improve the rate of institutional births in our region to reduce maternal mortality, which we will accomplish by improving our birthing center". It's about paying for results, and depending on how the pilot program with Nyaya goes, it could mark a major shift in NGO funding strategies in Nepal. 





          Microbiology at Bayalpata Hosptial         
The staff at Bayalpata are always busy trying to find ways to improve and become more efficient. The focus on improvement doesn't leave much room for reminiscence. For a newcomer like myself I was preoccupied with how far the hospital has come since its opened its doors four years ago. The progress is even more impressive considering the formidable obstacles that Nyaya Health has faced and continues to face. 

Not only has Nyaya Health succeeded in establishing a free hospital in Far Western Nepal that provides basic health services, but it also continuously tries to expand its services. Take for example Bayalpata Hospital's Microbiology Lab that is currently expanding to include a bacterial culture facility. 

Bayalpata's lab is the only one of its kind in the district of Achham. It is currently staffed by four lab technicians and is equipped with an I-stat machine, a QBC Hematology Analyzer and a number of important serology tests, including HIV, Malaria, TB, and Hep-B. Having an in-house laboratory with the ability to analyze patients blood, kidney, and liver functions has allowed the physicians to more quickly and accurately diagnose their patients. The lab technicians approximate that they run biochemistry tests on 50 patients a day, at times discovering patients that are HIV+ and unaware of their condition. These patients can then be referred to Bayalpata's Anti-retroviral Therapy program. The biochemistry tests at the lab also allow the technicians to spot unusually high white blood cell counts that may be diagnosed by the doctors as leukemia. 

In the next few days, the technicians hope to begin growing and preserving bacteria cultures which will allow them to increase their diagnostic capabilities as well as pursue academic research, particularly concerning antibiotic resistant bacteria. Bayalpata is currently treating two patients that are suffering from multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. The capability of testing cultures with antibiotics can allow drug resistant strains to be more quickly recognized.

When Nyaya Health was founded in 2006, it opened a clinic in an abandoned goat shed. Today it is operating one of the few microbiology laboratories outside of Kathmandu. Hopefully similar progress is made over the next four years.

Bishnu, one of the four lab technicians working in the renovated microbiology lab at Bayalpata Hospital












          "I've a feeling we're not in Thamel any more"        

After a few nights in Kathmandu, we managed to buy some last minute supplies and get over our jet-lag as best as we could. Being aware of the rural conditions that would welcome us in Achham, each of us spent a few extra minutes enjoying the hot showers and air-conditioning. With all our bags packed we piled into a taxi and headed for the airport. 

The trip to Bayalpata Hospital is not an easy one. A fact that we can all attest to after arriving here late last night. The remote location of the hospital is the root cause of many of the hospital's major obstacles. Virtually every piece of equipment that the hospital requires needs to be transported both by plane via a flight to Dhangadhi and then a 10-12 hour jeep right through numerous hills and mountains. The remote location also makes it difficult to recruit trained staff and doctors from Kathmandu.  Yesterday we had the opportunity to experience the journey first-hand.

When we landed in Dhangadhi, it didn't take long for us to notice the stark differences between life in the urbanized Kathmandu valley and life in the Far West district. Water buffalo roamed freely across the dirt roads and the sounds of birds singing replaced the cacophony of car horns. 


When we began our ascent through the mountains it became clear to us why traffic accidents    are recurring problem in all parts of the country. The 10 hour ride to Achham consisted of non-stop hairpin turns on one lane dirt roads that serves motorcycles, cars and trucks alike. We were happy to put the worst of the trip behind us by nightfall. From there it was smooth sailing, no rain, no breakdowns. 

Close to midnight we pulled up to the home that we will be staying in for the duration of our internship. Our beds were a very welcomed sight.

Now with the travel behind us, we are ready for the work that lies ahead! 




We flew in to Dhangadi airport from Kathmandu.  The plane was small with room for about 30. At first I thought I would be terrified, but as it turns out it was an incredibly smooth ride.

We got very lucky that there was no rain during our 10 hour jeep ride. Things went relatively smoothly, considering the constant hairpin turns. 

The view  from the was gorgeous, and we could just see the snow capped mountains peaking out over the clouds.

After a quick hour the plan landed. I remember thinking that it was really odd to hear the familiar tune of an iphone starting up; something I just wasn’t expecting to be the first noise I heard when we arrived. 

After a short struggle with getting all of our luggage up onto the jeep Bhinnata, Greg, Alon, Micah, and I prepared ourselves for the long 8 hour drive up to the hospital.  About five minutes into the drive our driver stopped abruptly.  At first we were very confused, but then we realized that there was a water spigot nearby, and the driver had pulled over to cool off.

  A few minutes later we were on the road again. After a few hours, we stopped again to get some dinner at the last place that would be available before the hospital.  As is usual in Nepal, we lost power about 15 minutes after arriving, and no one even blinked because it happens most days.  






          And we're off! (almost)         
Welcome to the start of the Tufts GROW 2013 Blog!

Malina, Greg and I (Alon) have our bags packed and are only two days away from the start of our internship with Nyaya Health.

In the weeks leading up to our flight date, the three of us have been pouring over journal articles, manuals and other materials to prepare us for the work we will be doing as members of the implementation science team. We have been thoroughly briefed by the Nyaya Health International team regarding our assignments and are both excited and anxious about what awaits us in Achham Nepal.

During our time at Bayalpata hospital we will be working on a wide range of new and ongoing projects. Our projects cover topics such as reproductive health, respiratory health, mobile health technology, febrile illness, and health post strengthening, among others.

We are going to Achham as representatives of Tufts GlobeMed and hope that our blog, pictures, and work will enable us to share our experience and knowledge with our chapter back home, as well as with friends, and family.

Throughout the length of our internship, please do send us questions, thoughts, and suggestions so that we can foster a continual dialogue. Help us share this experience with you.

Wish us luck!
          Heroes: Netra, Chanakya, Chet Raj, and Pradip        

While the doctors are working to save the lives of patients, the administrators are there, working in the background, to keep the entire hospital afloat. They may not always get the most attention when it comes to the care that Nyaya provides, but without them, Nyaya would offer no care in the first place.

Pradip is Nyaya’s Kathmandu Administrator. He was the first person we met upon arriving in Nepal, and we can honestly say that without him, we would never have made it to Achham or back home again. Every day, Pradip hits the streets of Kathmandu, going from store to store to acquire lifesaving medications, securing supplies for the hospital, purchasing plane tickets for staff members to get them to Achham, meeting with government offices to get our paperwork in on time and forge partnerships. He is the hospital’s bridge to the capital. Pradip though, goes above and beyond his duties. He spent his entire day off taking us souvenir shopping, and taking us sightseeing to places like the Monkey Temple, all because he wanted to show us a good time in Kathmandu. He is incredibly hard working and honestly one of the kindest people we have ever met.

Netra is the Administrative Director of the hospital. As such, he is in charge of pretty much everything. He works long hours to make sure the hospital is moving smoothly, and that the staff are doing what needs to be done. He is Greg’s right hand man and so much more. He is phenomenal at coming up solutions to all different problems that arise, and is incredibly kind and patient in doing so. He knows how to run a hospital. While some of his talent likely comes from his business degree, he is a truly natural leader who knows how to work with others. He is incredibly kind hearted. Netra always is interested to hear about what you are working on and to offer any help. When we had some time to kill in Dhangadi, he put us into contact with his family and friends who showed us around the city all morning. His wife opened their home to us, and fed us an incredible feast. We are indebted to him for his kindness, and will definitely be staying in touch.

Chanakya is the hospital’s financial officer. He spends all day making sure that all of the hospital’s payments are delivered on time and that all of our budgets are balanced. Chanakya is a relatively quiet guy most of the time, going about his work in the admin office without fanfare. However, if you give him a mic or music to dance to, then you see a completely different side. He loves giving speeches and acting as the MC for events and ceremonies. He is also incredible on the dance floor, dancing hours without rest, and is definitely the best dancer in Achham. We’ll miss our time spent with him working away.

Chet Raj, or CR as we call him, is the Store Manager. The store is the heart of the hospital as all pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical supplies must first go through CR for processing and distribution. Over the past couple of weeks, I have come to know CR through our major project with him completely re-organizing the store and to updating the baseline inventory. To help us finish this daunting project, he has spent numerous evenings working well into the night and his entire day off making sure our database is up to date. Without this work, we could not hold ourselves accountable for the resources we acquire or hold ourselves to the highest quality of patient care with ample medical supplies. 

Netra, Chanakya, Chet Raj, and Pradip are heroes.

          Heroes: Ashma and the Community Health Workers        

Since taking on the role of Associate Director of the Community Health Department just a few months ago, Ashma has taken the program by storm transforming the clinical follow-up program, helping get the WATSI program off the ground so that even our poorest patients can receive life-saving treatments from the tertiary care units in Nepalgunj and Kathmandu, and helping implement the mobile health technology platform that our community health workers now use to report their data. Through the numerous hours we have spent working with Ashma, she has become a close friend and a respected colleague. 

Ashma has also quickly earned the trust of the community members. One Saturday when we accompanied her into a nearby village for the weekly community health meeting, one FCHV told us about a man in her ward who had HIV, TB, and asthma. The FCHV told us that the man’s health status had been deteriorating but he was not willing to go to the hospital because he had formally had a negative experience with clinicians during the course of one of his many visits to different medical centers. After the meeting, we went with Ashma and the FCHV to the man’s house, along the way passing families out in their fields preparing their rice patties in the heat of a Saturday afternoon. There, she spent well over an hour patiently discussing the situation with the family. The wife had literally carried her husband to all of his medical appointments throughout Nepal and India and just could not keep doing that while also raising their several young children. Ashma promised the family that she would personally see to it that the man got treated properly and only then would he agree to come. We then accompanied the man to the hospital where Ashma saw to it that he was received properly by the clinical team. 

However, the story of the heroes of the community health program would not be complete without including the Community Health Worker Leaders and Female Community Health Volunteers. As we have had the chance to get to know the 9 CHWLs when they come to the hospital each week for trainings and to report data and the 92 FCHVs whenever we go out into the community, we have seen the dedication and kindness each woman brings to her position. While each woman has a different story for how she decided to become a CHW, every one of them brings a common desire to help their communities. The FCHVs are selected by their communities and are the true links between the population of Achham and all health services. These strong and wonderful women break down the barriers – geographic, cultural, and social – that the most vulnerable and marginalized Nepalis face in accessing care. 

Ashma, the CHWLs, and the FCHVs are heroes.

          Collaboration to Stop an Epidemic        

The burden of HIV/AIDS in Achham is among the worst in the world. Achham has the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS of any district in Nepal, largely due to the number of men who seek work in India and come back infected. To respond to this challenge, there are numerous community-based organizations that try to prevent the further spread of the epidemic by reaching out to people living with HIV and AIDS. The government piloted its community and home based care (CHBC) model in Achham to expand the continuum of care beyond the medical treatment hospitals and health posts provide. Nyaya Health has also participated in efforts to combat HIV/AIDS as an integral part of our health care delivery model. We have recently become an HIV Center- authorized to initiate and maintain treatment for affected individuals. Our medical director just participated in a government training for the CHBC program and our community health program reaches out to affected individuals through follow-up visits. However, the efforts of all of these different organizations and providers have not been coordinated resulting in duplicated efforts and wasted resources.

A couple of weeks ago, I was asked to do some research regarding HIV interventions conducted in other resource-limited settings around the world and current efforts in our local community to determine what Nyaya could do to coordinate efforts and fill in gaps in the current services. As a result of this research, yesterday we held our first Community Partners Meeting with representatives of the organizations working to combat HIV in the region. The objective of this first meeting was to simply get everyone in the room together to share current programs, target groups, and successes. Nyaya also presented recent local HIV epidemiological information from our patient record database. The tone was quite friendly and the meeting seemed to be a success. By the end, everyone present was excited to continue the collaborative efforts through monthly meetings hosted in a rotating schedule by each of the organizations. Hopefully, future meetings will provide a way for the various organizations to collaborate in a more meaningful way.

The other successful outcome of the first Community Partners Meeting was the support the organizations present gave to Nyaya’s new idea of reaching out to caregivers of people living with HIV/AIDS - a traditionally neglected group in HIV care. From my initial research, I had ascertained that in Achham, there is not a structure that provides caregivers of people living with HIV and AIDS with support, guidance, or a community of peers. I proposed the idea of a caregivers’ support group facilitated by the community health workers in each village. We are drawing up the specific plans now and hope to reach out to other stakeholders and begin trainings for the community health workers prior to the next monthly Community Partners Meeting.

Representatives from a number of community based and government
organizations at the first Community Partners Meeting to combat HIV


          Best Of: Restaurants        
I have had a lot of great experiences eating out these last few years, and it's difficult to winnow this list down as well.  What were my favorite eating out experiences during The Baltimore Snacker?  Well, I could not list all of them, but I tried to list about 20-to-30-ish in the Baltimore area (plus a handful of others elsewhere).  They're in alphabetical order by type of cuisine, and I try to do one of each type of eating establishment for variety.  Also note: yes, I am missing a lot of places, in a lot of neighborhoods.  This reflects my favorites.  That doesn't mean yours isn't any good.  Believe you me, I may not have even gotten to eat at your favorite in all the years I've been writing this blog.

Favorite African: Dukem (Ethiopian - Mount Vernon, with another location in Washington, DC; featured in the post "Dukem #2", published December 17, 2006) - Always a good place for some filling beef wot and lamb fitfit.  Get an Ethiopian lager or stout while you're at it.
  • Honorable mention: The Yabba Pot (vegan/soul food - Station North/Charles Village - apparently it's now closed); Peju's Kitchen & Lounge (Nigerian / West African / Caribbean - Woodlawn); I'm still meaning to try Tam Tam (Senegalese - Rosebank) on York Road.

Favorite African-American/Southern/Barbecue: TIE: Reginald F. Lewis Museum Café (Little Italy/Downtown - first featured in the post "Not a Festival - Reginald F. Lewis Museum", published July 10, 2007) and Miss Shirley's (various locations and food truck - first featured in the post "Food Truck Fight!!!!!", published June 26, 2012) - The café at the Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African-American History is one of the best museum cafés I've ever eaten at: some of the tastiest fried catfish and macaroni and cheese in the area.  As for Miss Shirley's, they have lovely grits, especially with the unexpected addition of mascarpone.  Fascinating.
  • Honorable mention: Andy Nelson's BBQ Restaurant (Cockeysville - surprising enough, I've never blogged about this one either); Blacksauce Kitchen (food truck, often at Waverly farmer's market - not blogged about this one either.  I'm slackin'...)
Favorite American/Eclectic/"New American" (the last of which could be anything really, since nobody knows what the hell it means): The Food Market (Hampden - first featured in the post "The Food Market in Hampden") - Chef Chad Gauss used to be at the City Café, which had some wonderful food while he was there.  Sure the food there is still pretty good, but Gauss definitely took the best stuff with him to his new Hampden location.  It's pricey and super-busy, so go on a weeknight, preferably during Restaurant Week.
  • Honorable mention: City Café (Mount Vernon); Owl Bar (Mount Vernon); Mount Vernon Stable (Mount Vernon); Rocket 2 Venus (Hampden)
Favorite Baked Goods: Iced Gems Baking (cupcakes - Reisterstown & food truck; first featured in the post "Iced Gems Baking", published May 13, 2010) - Love their English rose cupcakes - with real rosewater, I might add - and their vanilla chocolate, chocolate vanilla and vanilla vanilla offerings.
Favorite Brewpub: Heavy Seas Alehouse (Little Italy - first featured in the post "Random Bites: December Edition", published December 26, 2012) - My sister and her husband just loved this place when they stopped here from Savannah over Christmas.  So many good recommendations from the waitstaff, and so many good beers, made right in Halethorpe, I might add.

Favorite Burger: Alonso's (Roland Park; first featured in the post "Exit 25: MD-139 (Charles Street, to area colleges)", published February 22, 2008) - This was a tough one to winnow down, and the ones in the "Honorable Mention" category were justthisclose to being at the top.  But I have to go with the easy choice: their one pound burger is definitely one to take home and finish later, but it's still a yummy burger.
  • Honorable mention: So, sooooo many: City Café (Mount Vernon); Gino's (Towson); Marie Louise Bistro (Mount Vernon); Owl Bar (Mount Vernon); Shake Shack (various locations, including Upper West Side, Manhattan, New York, and Downtown, Washington, DC); Sláinte (Fells Point)
Favorite Candies: Rheb's Candies (Violetville; first featured in the post "Rheb's Candies", published December 8. 2007) - Family lore has it that my grandmother worked there for a short time in the 50's.  Such wonderful candies they have there, all homemade, hon.
Favorite Central Asian/Middle Eastern: The Helmand (Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "The Helmand", published September 23, 2006) - I wasn't sure how to formulate this category.  Where to put the Helmand: South Asian?  Central Asian?  I settled on this.  Or I could just create a category just for Baltimore's favorite Afghan restaurant.  Wonderful pilau, shawerma and my favorite dish of course, the kaddo borawni.  This was the second restaurant I ever blogged about, by the way.
Favorite Chinese (Americanized or otherwise): TIE - Asian Court (Ellicott City - first featured in the post "Asian Court", October 1, 2011) and Golden Gate (Catonsville/Arbutus - first featured in the post "Exits 12B-C - MD-372 (Wilkens Ave., East and West)", published September 12, 2007) - Asian Court is one of the few (but becoming more common) places to find food that would be recognizable as "Chinese food" in China.  Wonderful dim sum.  Golden Gate is a more Americanized Chinese place, with the reliable old orange chicken (my favorite of theirs), though they, too, are starting to make more "Chinese Chinese" dishes available to the public.
Favorite Crab Cake: G & M (Linthicum; first featured in the post "G & M", published April 5, 2007) - Yes, I went there.  I chose a favorite crab cake place.  I've had other good ones in this city but there's a reason why G & M keeps making Top 5 lists all over Bawlmer: big ass crabcake with so little filler it'll amaze you how they got it so big.  Complete with cole slaw and those bright red pickled apple slices that are so ubiquitous in Charm City.
  • Honorable mention: Faidley's (Lexington Market); Lansdowne Inn (Lansdowne - No, it's not the best crab cake, but it holds a very special place for me since my father often walked there from the house to get himself and Mom crab cakes.  Again, not the best crab cake in the area, but they are a sentimental favorite of mine.  Plus we held Dad's wake there after his funeral.  We had spaghetti that time though.  Again, sentimental favorite.).  
  • Avoid: Royal Farms Crab Cake (seriously, Royal Farms?)
Favorite Deli: Attman's Delicatessen (Little Italy/Corned Beef Row - first featured in the post "Trekkin' around Little Italy and Corned Beef Row", published October 13, 2008) - A Bawlmer institution that I've been lucky to know since childhood, when my father would drag my sister and I there to get a few pounds of kosher dogs, lots of bologna and corned beef.  Oooooh, I can still taste it.
Favorite Diner: Towson Diner (Towson - first featured in the post "Exit 26A and B: MD-45 (York Road, to Lutherville and Towson)", published March 6, 2008) - Snappy, friendly service and good, filling pancakes, Reubens and the like.  Still haven't ventured to try the mile-high cakes yet.  So much cake.

Favorite Farmers' Market / Local Food (Farm-Affiliated) Store: 32nd Street Farmers' Market (Waverly; first featured in the post "Waverly Farmers' Market", published June 7, 2008) - Open every Saturday (except, maybe, in a snowpocalypse), they've got good stuff there - not just the myriad of fresh veggies and fruit but so much more!  Everything from buffalo (Gunpowder Bison) to meat pies (Curry Shack) to milk, butter and so on (South Mountain Creamery).
Favorite Gay/Lesbian Bar: The Club Hippo (bar/gay & lesbian - Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "The Hippo", published October 11, 2006) - With a wide selection of beers on tap (DeClaw, Dogfish, New Belgium, Leininkugel, Shiner, Natty Boh, all the usual suspects) plus a big dance floor (that I never use 'cuz I can't dance, and don't ask me) that doubles as the scene for many a drag or leather competition, this is my go-to place in Mount Vernon.  See it fill up Monday nights for RuPaul's Drag Race or Wednesday nights for BINGO!
  • Honorable mention: Grand Central (across the street - are we really everywhere or just at the corner of Charles and Eager?); Nellie's Sports Bar (Shaw/U Street, Washington, DC); DC Eagle (Washington, DC)
Favorite Hot Dog: Haute Dog Carte (hot dogs - Mount Washington; first featured in the post "Haute Dog Carte", published September 3, 2010) - Hands down.  Just the "regular" dog is special enough, but those special dogs?  Oh my.
  • Honorable mention: Ann's Dari-Creme (Glen Burnie); Weenie World (Dundalk - now closed) 
Favorite Indian/South Asian: Indigma (Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "Indigma", published September 2, 2007) - Oh, this was a tough one.  There are so many good Indian places in and around Baltimore these days it's difficult to choose.  But you gotta hand it to Indigma: they suffered a massive fire and bounced back bigger than ever.  Their buffet is one of the most interesting, though not terribly pricier than the others.

Favorite Irish Pub: Sláinte Pub (pub/Irish - Fells Point; first featured in the post "Sláinte Pub and the Amazing Last Minute Goal", published June 23, 2010) - Yes I go there for the soccer.  And I stay there for the food (Irish bibimbap and Friday $1 oysters, anyone?  Plus their fish and chips are definitely worth a look or two) and the Guinness.  They do have other beers, too.

Favorite Italian (non-pizza): TIE: Sotto Sopra (Italian/Sardinian - Downtown; first featured in the post "Sotto Sopra", published June 13, 2008) and Chiapparelli's (Little Italy - last featured in the post "Tidbits: Boys of Summer Edition", published August 29, 2010) - Have had very good service in both places.  At Sotto Sopra the food is real Sardinian home cookin'.  Can't afford Opera Night, but I try to eat cheap anyway.  Chiapparelli's for Restaurant Week is also a beautiful thing.
Favorite Japanese: Minato (Japanese - Mount Vernon; featured several times, including "Minato the Threequel", published September 1, 2007) - My go-to place for sushi and friendly service.  Their Maryland roll is fascinating, especially on $7 special maki roll night.  Try not to miss happy hour.

Favorite Korean: Jong Kak (Korean - Koreatown/Charles Village; first published in the post "Jong Kak", published April 20, 2008) - My friends and I don't even have to say where when one of us suggests "Korean".  The barbecue is always filling and flavorful, the pajeon never too greasy, and the panchan goes well with a nice crisp bottle of Hite beer.
Favorite Local Grocery Store, Hon, Ethnic or Otherwise: Geresbeck's (supermarket - Middle River; first featured in the post "A Dangerous Love Affair with Geresbeck's Bakery", published October 18, 2007) - Their cakes are just wonderful, and the smearcase is legendary.  And don't forget some chocolate top cookies.  Yes, I'm specifically raving about their bakery here.  Yum.

Favorite Mexican: TIE: El Nayar (Catonsville and Elkridge - first featured in the post "El Nayar", published June 16, 2009) and R&R Taquería (Jessup/Elkridge - first featured in the post "Random Bites: December Edition", published December 26, 2012) - It's tough to find authentic Mexican in this area, but thankfully it's becoming easier!  El Nayar's taco plate is some of the more authentic I've had in the area, while R&R has the best cochinita pibil in Baltimore hands down.
Favorite Pit Beef: Chaps Pit Beef (Armistead Gardens/Hopkins Bayview - I have not yet blogged about this, though watch this weekend) - Yes, we should bow to the king here - Chaps Pit Beef is a local legend, and it should be: wide selection of pit beef and BBQ, though I have to zero in on the pit beef.  Just plop some horseradish and "tiger sauce" on it and a little bit of hots.  Woh-ho-ho. Lansdowne is really getting built up these days.  But right near the new Wal-Mart and the Home Depot is a long-standing SoWeBaltCo (Did I just make up a new term?) tradition: that wonderful little pit beef truck with juicy pit beef and lots of horseradish and barbecue sauce to go with.  If only I was in the area more often when it's there.
Favorite Pizza/Pizza and Subs: Vito's Pizza (Cedarcroft/Lake Walker; first featured in the post "Vito's Pizza", published April 8, 2009) - Good pizza of all kinds, since the owner - from Naples - knows what he's doing.  Delicious.
  • Honorable mention: Pasta Mista (various locations, including Canton and Towson - New Yorkers who live down here swear by it); Iggie's (Mount Vernon)
Favorite Tapas/Small Plates: 13.5% Wine Bar (Hampden; first featured in the post "13.5% Wine Bar", published August 24, 2009) - A job hunt at the time didn't deter me from one of my favorite Hampden eateries.  Their wall o' wine is intimidating unless you just stick to cocktails or beer.  They have wonderful selections of cheese, pizzas and many different finger foods. 
  • Honorable mention: Tapas Teatro (Station North/Charles Village - this was, in fact, the very first restaurant I ever blogged about).  
  • Avoid: La Tasca (Inner Harbor- warmed-over frozen mixed veggies from a bag - yum.  Easily the most bleh, half-assed tapas I have ever had.  But that's what I get for eating at a chain restaurant in the most touristy part of the city)
Favorite Thai: Thai Restaurant (Waverly; first featured in the post "Thai Restaurant", published April 14, 2010) - the fried crab wings (yes, crab wings) alone are reason to go there.  The pad thai is good but explore their many other offerings, will ya?
Favorite Vegetarian/Vegan: Mango Grove (Columbia; first featured in the post "Mango Grove", published February 16, 2008) - It's not often I will go out of my way to eat vegetarian food, but when I do, I prefer Mango Grove.  Two words: bread pakora.  And the dosa?  Lovely.


Favorite Vietnamese: Pho Miss Saigon (Glen Burnie - first featured in the post "Exit 3B - MD 2 South (Ritchie Hwy to Glen Burnie)", published June 11, 2007) - Good filling phò and not that pricey.

Favorite Wine/Beer/Liquor Store: The Wine Source (Hampden; featured several times, including "Baltimore Beer Week Continues...", published October 14, 2009, "Get this wine - but I DARE you to close it back up!", published July 14, 2008), and "Sake, Sake Everywhere (Post #999)", April 17, 2009) - They have always been so knowledgeable about any wine that this non-wine person might ask about.  Wondrous selection of beers, too.  Also sample the cheese and charcuterie section while you're there.
Also worth noting...


Favorite Dearly Departed Restaurant: Zodiac Restaurant (American - Station North [now closed]; last featured in the post "Last Call at the Zodiac", published August 9, 2008) - For a quick bite before a show at the Charles Theatre or (now relocated) Everyman, I loved this place for its goofy decor, its line of vegan desserts and very non-vegan entrées (I so fondly remember their hamburger, and the mashed potatoes even more so), and its apparent hauntings which I had never experienced.  Since they shut down operations in 2008, apparently the Club Charles next door carries some of their same menu offerings.  The Zodiac still exists, though not as a restaurant: it's now a comedy club.  Maybe that ghost is having fun pushing patrons down the stairs again?

Favorite Coddies:  I hate coddies.  Never liked 'em.  I have no favorites.  There, I said it.

And now, just a handful of favorite eats out in other parts of the country and the world...


Aroma (Chinese/Malaysian - Soho, London, England, UK; featured in post "Aroma", published January 6, 2007)

BCD Tofu House (Korean - various locations, including Los Angeles' Koreatown; featured in the post "From Bulgogi Tacos to Avocado Salsa: A Day of Eating in LA", published May 26, 2010)

Bojo (Indonesian - Leidesplein, Amsterdam, Netherlands; featured in post "Amsterdam Trip Part Drie: Little Bites Here and There", published March 25, 2008)


Bool BBQ (Korean/Mexican - food truck, Los Angeles; featured in the post "From Bulgogi Tacos to Avocado Salsa: A Day of Eating in LA", published May 26, 2010)

Casa Maya (Mexican/Yucatecan/Maya - Mentone, California; first featured in the post "Casa Maya", April 7, 2007)

The Castaway Restaurant (American/brunch - San Bernardino, California; first featured in the post "Easter Sunday Eatin' Part 1: Castaway of San Bernardino", published April 9, 2007)

Duplex Diner (American/gay and lesbian - Adams Morgan, Washington, DC; featured in the post "Adams Morgan for Capital Pride", June 17, 2011)


Meskerem (Ethiopian - Washington, DC; first featured in the post "Day at the Smithsonian / Meskerem (or, "Hey, where did all the Ethiopian restaurants go?")", published December 31, 2008)

Moon River Brewing Company (brewpub/American/Southern - Savannah, Georgia; first featured in the post "Georgia on My GPS Part 3: Moon River Brewing Company / Savannah Candy Kitchen", published June 27, 2009)

Pig & Fish (pub/American - Rehoboth Beach, Delaware; first featured in the post "Tidbits: Rehoboth in August Edition", published August 6, 2011)


Rudy's Barbecue (barbecue - Austin, Texas; first featured in the post "Austin City, Unlimited Part I - Of Barbecue and Barbacoa", published June 5, 2012)

Shake Shack (hamburgers/shakes - most locations in New York, New York, with locations in Washington, DC, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; first featured in the post "Weekend in New York: The Food", published July 17, 2009)


Wagamama (Japanese/ramen - various locations, mostly in the UK and continental Europe, with three stateside locations, all in Boston, Massachusetts; featured in several posts, including "Wedding in Provincetown Part II: Back to Boston", published September 23, 2011)
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-29-2015 with Nat        
Playlist:

Mono- Ashes In The Snow - Hymn To The Immortal Wind
Red Sparowes- A Swarm - The Fear Is Excruciating But Therein Lies
Sigur Rs- Track 4 -
- voicebreak -
Thanasis Papakonstantinou- Imeros Ipnos - Vrachnos Profitis
Altan Urag- Kherulen River - Blood
Altai Kai Sarymai Urchimayev- ArBootken - Altaian
Legendary Pink Dots- Stitching Time - Shadow Weaver
Peter Phillips The Tallis Scholars- Magnificat - Arvo Prt Tintinnabuli
- voicebreak -
Sur Sudha- Resham Firri - Images Of Nepal
Yungchen Lhamo- Coming Home - Coming Home
Chying Drolma Steve Tibbetts- Chenrezi - Selwa
A Winged Victory For The Sullen- Atomos XII - Atomos
Knut Hamre- Hilldalen - Fargespel
- voicebreak -
Squarepusher- Stor Eiglass - Damogen Furies
Amon Tobin- Get Your Snack On - Supermodified
Ibeyi- River - Ibeyi
CocoRosie- Smokey Taboo - Grey Oceans
Tunng- Tale From Black - This Is Tunng Mothers Daughter And Other Tales
- voicebreak -
Equulei- Delicate - Delicate 12
Daedelus- Sundown - Denies The Days Demise
Sotomayor- Cielo - Salvaje
Ondatrpica- Tiene Sabor Tiene Sazn - Ondatrpica
La Sucursal De La Cumbia- Cumbia Brava - Cumbia A Domicilio
Dead Prez- Police State - Lets Get Free
Bob Marley The Wailers- Babylon System - Songs Of Freedom
- voicebreak -
Porlolo- Meadows - Meadows
Vetiver- From Now On - Complete Strangers
Breathe Owl Breathe- Explorer - Passage Of Pegasus


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-04-29
          Gorgeous Grass        
On my recent trip to Normandy one of the plants that really excited me was the Himalayan Fairy Grass Miscanthus nepalensis.  It isn’t totally hardy so probably isn’t a plant for a cold garden – but given sunshine and shelter its beautiful golden plumes are irresistible. Woottens offer these and just to prove that I […]
          La Malposte – a mill garden        
A fast-moving but shallow stream divides the garden at La Malposte in two, with the garden on the further bank only revealed when you cross a little wooden bridge.  In September, the grasses really come into their own among the fruit trees and perennials and I was particularly smitten by Miscanthus nepalensis with its blonde […]
          Everest: A Climb for Peace - episode: 229237        
EVEREST: A CLIMB FOR PEACE chronicles the journey of nine "peace climbers" from different faiths and cultures as they attempt to summit the tallest mountain in the world. Actor Orlando Bloom, also a United Nations Ambassador for UNICEF, narrates. Filmed on location in Nepal, Tibet, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, U.A.E. and the United States, the documentary focuses on Palestinian Ali Bushnaq and Israelis Dudu Yifrah and Micha Yaniv. Setting aside their differences, they come together to forge a path of teamwork and cooperation. This, however, is easier said than done. Each believes their respective nations, embroiled in a brutal war for years, lie on the right side of the conflict. A socially relevant film about peace, war and the human spirit, EVEREST: A CLIMB FOR PEACE features spectacular Everest footage, including a dramatic rescue near the summit.
Length: 
00:57:33
Rating: 
TVG
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CC
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APTEX

          Health Care Volunteer Opportunities in Nepal Kathmandu        

Health Care Volunteer Opportunities:  Kathmandu, Nepal Ask someone to describe Nepal and you may hear them say exotic, mystical or enchanting.  Ask a local Nepali about their health care options and you’d likely hear the words insufficient or non- existent.  Nepal is one of the least developed Asian countries, with millions living in poverty with […]

The post Health Care Volunteer Opportunities in Nepal Kathmandu appeared first on Volunteer Abroad News.


          How to Track Car Gps Vehicle Tracking System         

Cars and vehicles are always a prized possession which is a luxury item. People buy these items by savings which they earn by lot of hard work so these vehicles and cars remain close to our heart and there also a lot of memories which gets associated with it. So, whenever its gets stolen or it comes up with an accident we feel very bad about it and it also requires a lot of money to recover and reconstruct it.

So, in order to keep our vehicles safe we really have to work hard and in India the car theft cases has risen to a very high rate in the last few years as they being sold in the neighboring countries like Nepal, Bhutan etc and this becomes difficult for our police department to track our cars. So, we have to be very careful like when we park our cars in the busy market place and while parking it at night because most of the times these are the moments when our vehicles get stolen.

We know there are watchmen and CCTV cameras for our concerns but doesn’t help much because it will not follow the car and to protect our vehicle we cannot hire a security agency as it will be highly expensive and nobody does that.

So, in order to keep it safe we can make use of the GPS (Global Positioning System) to protect our cars and vehicles from being stolen. The Spy GPS Vehicle Tracker in Indiais being launched sighting the car theft cases and this is a very useful product as it can target the device from satellite and can inform you about your vehicle through SMS and internet. So, whenever your vehicle is being stolen or being driven by your driver then you can easily track it down this will allow the police to work on it better and recover your car and the thieves in a very quick time and no extra money will have to be spent on it.

Through this you are also able to control the oil circuit of the car through a remote and this whenever you switch the button your vehicle will stop receiving oil from its tank. You will just have to insert a GSM SIM card into the GPS unit and the rest will be done by your device as it will connect itself with Google Earth which will make you watch all your car’s movements around your city. The Spy GPS Vehicle Tracker in Delhi is being made available after the car theft cases has increased magnificently in the city and the users of device has reviewed it positively as they can track their cars down easily with it.


So, use this device and easily park your car anywhere you like and remain care free about your car as you will regularly updated with the position of your car.

          India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1        

New York: India came down by one slot and was ranked 131st among 188 countries on Human Development Index (HDI) 2016 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

India fell under the "medium human development category" and its HDI, at 0.624, was behind Sri Lanka and the Maldives in South Asia.

Sri Lanka and the Maldives were ranked 73 and 105 respectively and figure in the "high human development" section.

India was placed behind countries like Gabon (109), Egypt (111), Indonesia (113), South Africa (119) and Iraq (121) among others. The report lists a total of 188 countries.

China occupies the 90th spot. Bhutan is at 132, Bangladesh 139, Nepal 144 and Pakistan is at 147.

Devised and launched in 1990, HDI is a statistic which ranks countries into four tiers of human development on the basis of indicators like life expectancy, education and per capita income.

A higher lifespan, higher level of education and higher GDP per capita results in a country scoring higher HDI.

The top three countries in HDI were Norway (0.949), Australia (0.939) and Switzerland (0.939).

"Identifying those who have been left out of the progress in human development and mapping their locations are essential for useful advocacy and effective policymaking," according to the report.

"Such mapping can help development activists demand action and guide policymakers in formulating and implementing policies to improve the well-being of marginalised and vulnerable people," it added.

The report said gender equality and women`s empowerment were fundamental dimensions of human development.

However, globally, women have a lower HDI than men, despite having higher life expectancy at birth, said the report.

South Asia`s Gender Development Index (GDI) is the lowest.

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India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1

India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1
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          Nepal quake victims still stranded, PM says toll could be 10,000        

Kathmandu: People stranded in remote villages and towns across Nepal were still waiting for aid and relief to arrive on Tuesday, four days after a devastating earthquake destroyed buildings and roads and killed more than 4,600 people.

The government has yet to assess the full scale of the damage wrought by Saturday`s 7.9 magnitude quake, unable to reach many mountainous areas despite aid supplies and personnel pouring in from around the world.

Prime Minister Sushil Koirala told Reuters the death toll could reach 10,000, as information on damage from far-flung villages and towns has yet to come in.

That would surpass the 8,500 who died in a 1934 earthquake, the last disaster on this scale to hit the Himalayan nation.

"The government is doing all it can for rescue and relief on a war footing," Koirala said. "It is a challenge and a very difficult hour for Nepal."

Nepal told aid agencies it did not need more foreign rescue teams to help search for survivors, because its government and military could cope, the national head of the United Nations Development Programme told Reuters.

Experts said the chance of finding people alive in the ruins was slim more than four days after disaster struck.

"After the first 72 hours the survival rate drops dramatically and we are on day four," said Wojtek Wilk of the Polish Center for International Aid, an NGO which has six medical staff and 81 firefighters in Nepal. "On the fifth day it`s next to zero."

In a rare glimmer of hope, a Nepali-French rescue team pulled a 28-year-old man, Rishi Khanal, from a collapsed apartment block in Kathmandu after he had spent around 80 hours trapped in a room with three dead bodies.

In Jharibar, a village in the hilly Gorkha district of Nepal close to the quake`s epicentre, Sunthaliawas not so lucky.

Her husband away in India and with no help in sight, she dug for hours in the rubble of her collapsed home on Saturday to recover the bodies of two of her children, a 10-year-old daughter and eight-year-old son.

Another son aged four miraculously survived.

In Barpak, further north, rescue helicopters were unable to find a place to land. On Tuesday, soldiers had started to make their way overland, first by bus, then by foot.

Army helicopters also circled over Laprak, another village in the district best known as the home of Gurkha soldiers.

A local health official estimated that 1,600 of the 1,700 houses there had been razed. Helicopters dropped food packets in the hope that survivors could gather them up.

In Sindhupalchowk, about 3.5 hours by road northeast of Kathmandu, the earthquake was followed by landslides, killing 1,182 people and seriously injuring 376. A local official said he feared many more were trapped and more aid was needed.

"There are hundreds of houses where our people have not been able to reach yet," said Krishna Pokharel, the district administrator. "There is a shortage of fuel, the weather is bad and there is not enough help coming in from Kathmandu."

International aid has begun arriving in Nepal, but disbursement has been slow, partly because aftershocks have sporadically closed the airport.

According to the home (interior) ministry, the confirmed death toll stands at 4,682, with more than 9,240 injured.

The United Nations said 8 million people were affected by the quake and that 1.4 million people were in need of food.

Nepal`s most deadly quake in 81 years also triggered a huge avalanche on Mount Everest that killed at least 18 climbers and guides, including four foreigners, the worst single disaster on the world`s highest peak.

All the climbers who had been stranded at camps high up on Everest had been flown by helicopters to safety, mountaineers reported on Tuesday.

Up to 250 people were missing after an avalanche hit a village on Tuesday in Rasuwa district, a popular trekking area to the north of Kathmandu, district governor Uddhav Bhattarai said.

A series of aftershocks, severe damage from the quake, creaking infrastructure and a lack of funds have complicated rescue efforts in the poor country of 28 million people sandwiched between India and China.

In Kathmandu, youths and relatives of victims were digging into the ruins of destroyed buildings and landmarks.

"Waiting for help is more torturous than doing this ourselves," said Pradip Subba, searching for the bodies of his brother and sister-in-law in the debris of Kathmandu`s historic Dharahara tower.

The 19th century tower collapsed on Saturday as weekend sightseers clambered up its spiral stairs. Scores of people were killed when it crumpled.

Elsewhere in the capital`s ancient Durbar Square, groups of young men cleared rubble from around an ancient temple, using pickaxes, shovels and their hands. Several policemen stood by, watching.

Heavy rain late on Tuesday slowed the rescue work.

In the capital, as elsewhere, thousands have been sleeping on pavements, roads and in parks, many under makeshift tents.

Hospitals are full to overflowing, while water, food and power are scarce.

There were some signs of normality returning on Tuesday, with fruit vendors setting up stalls on major roads and public buses back in operation.

Officials acknowledged that they were overwhelmed by the scale of the disaster.

"The big challenge is relief," said Chief Secretary Leela Mani Paudel, Nepal`s top bureaucrat. "We are really desperate for more foreign expertise to pull through this crisis."

India and China, which have used aid and investment to court Kathmandu for years, were among the first contributors to the international effort to support Nepal`s stretched resources.

 

 

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          Israel criticized for touting Nepal rescue while Gaza is still in ruins        

Israel once again uses its unexceptional international aid efforts in Nepal to burnish its blood-soaked image.


          Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper        
Source(google.com.pk)
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper Biography


Asha Saini is an Indian film actress and model. She predominantly works in Telugu film industry, but has appeared in a number of Kannada, Tamil and Hindi productions as well. Since her debut in Prema Kosam (1999), she has acted in over 50 films and co-starred with noted actors including Rajinikanth, Vijaykanth, Prabhu, Karthik, Balakrishna, Venkatesh, Jagapati Babu and Rajasekhar.

Born in Chandigarh, Haryana to an army officer, Flora began her schooling in Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir and continued her education in Delhi.Her family moved to Kolkata then, where she started pursuing a modeling career. She participated at the Miss Kolkata beauty pageant contest. Flora made her acting debut in the 1999 Telugu film Prema Kosam in which she enacted the lead female role.The film producer of her first film rechristened her as Asha Saini, while years later she would adopt a new screen name, Mayuri, as per an astrologer’s advice, before eventually reverting to her original name.
Flora subsequently essayed supporting roles in more than a dozen Telugu films in the next three years, with her appearance in the film Narasimha Naidu (2002), which went on to become highly successful, being the most notable, which led to her being referred to as "Lux Papa" thereafter.[8] In 2002, she debuted in Hindi, starring in the T. P. Aggarwal-produced Bharat Bhagya Vidhata. Her second Hindi film Love in Nepal (2004) saw her pairing with popular playback singer Sonu Nigam, which too was produced by T. P. Aggarwal.Flora starred in several Kannada films, too, including Giri starring Srinagar Kitty and Nammannna starring Sudeep.
In March 2008, she was arrested in Chennai for supposedly having forged visa documents, and was subsequently banned from the Tamil film industry.She claimed innocence,and the ban was lifted a couple of weeks later.
Flora had three of her films, Broker (Telugu), Vismaya Pramaya and Vah Re Vah (both Kannada) releasing on 31 December 2010, a rare occurrence that secured her an entry in the Limca Book of Records for the most number of film releases on one day. In 2010, Flora Saini was honoured with the Uttarakhand Ratan Award. She has also received The Great Daughter of Soil Award in Mauritius for her work towards the poor and helpless.

Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper


          Varias firmas apoyan en Nepal: Facebook, Google, Viber        
El pasado sábado Nepal fue sacudido por un terremoto de gran magnitud 7.8, esto dejo a muchos incomunicados y sin saber de sus familiares, las cifras de muertos cada vez son más, los últimos reportes hablaban de cerca de 4,000 muertos. Nepal y los países circundantes viven del turismo prácticamente...
          Dinosauri a Courmayeur!        
I Dinosauri in Carne e Ossa hanno invaso le Alpi!



Fino al 6 gennaio 2013 Courmayeur ospita - presso il Forum Sport Center (Via dello Stadio 2, loc. Dolonne) - la mostra sulla preistoria ora più ricca che mai: oltre alle ricostruzioni in mostra l'estate scorsa ci sono nuovi dinosauri e soprattutto una sezione dedicata agli animali dell'Era Glaciale.

Non mancate, i nostri preistorici amici vi aspettano!


ORARI (l'orario di chiusura si riferisce all'ultimo ingresso)
Ottobre - novembre: martedì-domenica dalle 14 alle 18:30
Dicembre - gennaio: martedì-venerdì dalle 14 alle 18:30; sabato, domenica e festivi dalle 9 alle 13 e dalle 14 alle 18:30

TARIFFE
Famiglia (2 adulti + 2 ragazzi sotto i 12 anni): 20 €
Intero: 8 €
Ridotto (4-12 anni): 5 €
Gratuito (0-3 anni)

PACCHETTI SPECIALI fino al 16 dicembre
Mostra, pattinaggio su ghiaccio (noleggio pattini incluso) e sconto 15% al ristorante:
Famiglia: 40 € (invece di 62 €)
Intero: 16 € (invece di 18 €)
Ridotto: 11 € (invece di 13 €)


Per informazioni

Associazione A.P.P.I.:
tel   3474888630
e-mail   associazionepaleontologica@yahoo.it

Forum Sport Center Courmayeur:
tel   01651852591
e-mail   info@sportcourmayeur.com

dco@geomodel.it
www.geomodel.it
          May 2017 FPMT International Office e-News Out Now!        
We invite you to read our May 2017 FPMT International Office e-News. This month you’ll find: a new, dynamic photo album chronicling Lama Zopa Rinpoche’s beneficial activities during March–April 2017 in Nepal, a thank-you message to all who have started ...

read full article »


          READING COMPREHENSION        

1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.

  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE


            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?

6. Authoritarian regime


            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?

7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?


10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
                                        1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.


  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?
6. Authoritarian regime

            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?
7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?
  
10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
        
              1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.



Appear with sharp uniform, neat and tidy. Use mouth freshness if requited. Be short and precise with answer. choose answer  in what you are trained and familiar with a and not watt you like or dislike unless asked to do so.Be confident on your persons. Always be polite and salute the interviewer. Wait to be asked sit down etc. He/ she likely to ask your question about your post in the police force so be clear about it. They may ask about your family your interests and other question. It is important you have normal eye contact with the interviewer. Do not look around when being asked question be direct but do no stare. If you are asked question that requited dates do not use Nepali dates to state information. Try with most questions follow the question up with a little more formation but not too much.

May I know your name, Please? Your name, please? or could you please tell me your name ?

Well, I am ……………

Is that is a common name in Nepal ?

Yes it is.

What does your name mean ?

Well the name refers to the son of god/ symbol of love according to our Hindu Mythology/ Nepalese culture.

And your family name is .............l isn't it ?

Yes it is,

Where Are you form ? Which part of Nepal are you from? Which part of Nepal do you belong to?

I am from  Dhading District, the central region of Nepal

Where are you born ?

I was born in central part or Nepal.

Where did you do your schooling ?

Well, I did my schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School in Dhading.

In which Year did you finish your SLC?

I finished my SLC in the year 1999 or It was the year 1999 when I finished my SLC.
           
            What is your academic qualification ?

I have passed Master level in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal.


How far is your home from the capital city?

It is nearly 100 kms far from the capital city

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel to my hometown 110 kms by bus and 5 kms on foot. It take 6 hours to reach there.

How developed is your village?

My village is not very developed. There is one Secondary School but there are one 6 Primary schools, one Post Office and 6 Health Clinics. A pitch road that connect to the district headquarters was built with public participation. Clean drinking water supply is also available there now. However, there is electric distributed in my village.

Are you married ?

Yes I am / No I am

How long have you been married ?

No, I haven't got married or It has been almost 3 years now?

Describe to me what your home is like.

My house is small. It is made of rocks, mud, wood, and tin. It is two storied and four rooms. It is a typical Nepali house.

Tell me about your journey from your home country to the mission

I am sorry. I haven't had the opportunity to go on a mission.

Tell me where do you go for holidays and what do you do when you get there ?

I go to Pokhara, When I get there, I go on boating, paragliding and sightseeing. 

Tell me the happiest day of your life?

The happiest day of my life is when I Passed SLC in First Division

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel my hometown 6 hours by bus and 2 hours in foot  and it takes nearly 8 hours to rich there.

Was it love marriage or arranged marriage ?

It was arranged marriage./It was love marriage.

Why did you prefer arranged marriage?

Sir in an arranged marriage there is timely understanding and it is traditionally recognized, that is why I prefer arranged marriage as most Nepalese's do.

What does your spouse do ?

She is a Teacher.

Have you got any children? Do you have any children?

Yes. I have a Daughter. She is four years old.

Have you got any brother or sister?

I have 4 brother and two sisters.

What do they do ?

Well, my brother have various jobs and sisters have already married.

What does your father do ?

My father is farmer.

By the way, what do you do during your leisure ?

well, I usually spend my leisure by reading books newspaper, listening to my favorite music and playing some games.

What games do you do ?

Normally play football and Table tennis.

Could you tell me something about yourself? Would you give me your introduction please?

Well, I am ................ I com From Dhading, the Central Part of Nepal. I am 30 Years Old and am marred. I have a child, a daughter. I have been in the Police Service for 10 years now.   

Why do you want to participate in the mission ?

The Armed Police Force (APF) are working as peacekeepers  in many countries, It is a pride for us to participate in different conflict areas as a peacekeeper. Our organization has trained us and if we get the opportunity we could contribute our services according to the United nation Nations mandate. It is a very prestigious opportunity to participate in peacekeeping mission. It would also be an opportunity for me to earn some income family whilst experiencing a new environment.

How did the Darfur conflict starts?

It all started when Omar al-Bashir came in to Darfur and tried to take control presidency. Omar was a dictator and of course the people in Darfur didn't like it so they took control in their hands and fought back against him. Omar then brought in his own rebels to attack. Once he got total control everything started going downhill for people in Darfur.

What does the UN do in Darfur?

UN peace keepers have been sent to keep peace between the Darfurians (who have done nothing) and the Janjaweed (hired by the Sudanese Government to exterminate the Darfurians) they only problems there is what the UN peacekeepers cannot fire their weapons unless being fired upon. Since it is the Darfurians who are shot at and killed  there is no a lot peace keepers con do. They can only help to protect the people of Darfur.

Where is Darfur ?

Darfur is a reason in Western Sudan (formerly a independent sultanate) approximately the size of France. The population in Darfur is 8.5 million peoples of which 2.5 million had to relocate.

Tell me something about you and your job experience? ( as sample reply)

 I was born in Dhading District of Nepal . It is around 110 ksm far  from Kathmandu. I did schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School. I have passed Master Degree in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal. I was join in APF in 2004 as Assistant Sub Inspector and I promoted in Sub Inspector in 2007. Now I am working in APF Head Quarters. .....................

What is the condition of human rights in your country ?

 I think it is better than previously because when the king was ruling this country people had limited opportunity and during the Maoist conflict there were a lot of case of human rights violation recorded by both sides. The situation now is quite different now all the political parties are in the process of making a new constitution and they are aware of people's rights.

What is community policing ?

Community Policing is basically working at close hand/ close to/ with the community in an effort to built up trust and relationships. This in turn may help with information you are able to recover from local people but is not the main reason. The main reason in to try to maintain peaceful to existence between the local people and the UN forces.
            Community policing or neighborhood  policing is policing strategy and philosophy based in the notion that community interaction and support can help control crime and reduce fear. With community members helping to identify suspects. Detain vandals and bring problems to the attention of police. community policing philosophy that promotes organizational strategies support the systematic use of partnership and problems solving techniques which proactively address the immediate condition that give rise to public safety issues such as crime social disorder and fear of crime.

Community Policing consists of three key components; What are community partnerships ?

Collaborative partnerships between the low enforcement agency and the individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police. These partnership are forged in conjunction with other government agencies community members and groups. Human and social providers,  private business and the media.

What is Organization Transformation ?

The alignment of a law enforcement agency's organization management practices. Structure, personal and information system to support community partnerships and proactive problem solving. Police Departments engaged in effective community policing seek to transform their  organization culture. Leadership and management structure, labor, relations, strategic, planning process, how they evaluate performance, the transparency of their operations, the geographic assignment of officers, the alignment of their fiscal resources, recruitment and hiring practices, training and information gathering system. The objective of these changes is to create an organization infrastructures that can best support proactive operations intended to prevent crime. Traditional law enforcement practices are reactive and emphasize measure such as response times. Arrest rates, and other rote responses to crime. Community policing theory encourages police to proactively solve community problems and address the factors that contributes to crime rather than how contribute to the reduction crime. Though this transformation theoretically reflect the background of American policing  and contributes to he reduction in crime. The transformation was often awkward, especially in the 1980 and 90s when many department saw it as diminishing their authority and opportunity to work independently. It required, fundamentally, a shift from police departments, particularly big-city police departments seeing "Law enforcement" as a mission to seeing it as tool in public safety.
Problem Solving: The process of engaging in the proactive and systematic examination of identified problems to developed and rigorously evaluate effective responses. Community policing requires police to become proficient in what known as the SARC model of problem solving, Scanning, identifying and prioritizing problems. Analysis researching what is known about the problems. Response : Developing solutions to bring about lasting reductions in the number and extent of problems. Assessment: Evaluating the access of the responses. It is extremely important that the police officer encourages their citizens to get out there and get involved. When officers are stating up neighborhood watches of gibing a town meeting about community policing they need  get the citizen fired about helping. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. The police department need to create special bureaus or divisions with staff responsibility and fulltime personnel to coordinate the community relations activities of the department. This means that the departments need to have a staff that the develops activities that will keep the public busy and interested in community policing. These activities can be anything from setting up a baseball game with either citizen against officers of mixture of each on each team to just social gatherings where citizens and police get together perhaps once a month and just mingle. This is a way that the citizens can get to know the police officers in their community and also make friends with them as well as one that con either strike the interest of the citizens that are not already involved in community policing depends greatly on being able to balance the power between police officers and citizens and officers. The police must listen to their citizens and take in to consideration their ideas and solution when they are deciding upon what to do with problems that come up. In order to keep the citizens involved and with helping them the officers need to word with the people and no listen to them idly then come up with their own solutions f what they are going to do. The power must be proven to equal when community policing is considered. or  Community policing is policing for the people in partnership with the people where policing act as co-coordinator and manager in the community. It is a proactive police management. It provides door to door service to the people. It is based on decentralization of power and good governance. The basic idea is to create bonds of trust and reliance between police and public.

What are you doing at the moment ?

I am working at my office. I am a police radio operator so I work at administration  section as a computer operator.

What is gender equality ?

Every human being is divided into masculine and feminine gender by birth. In the Nepalese society, there is no equality between tow genders, Females are dominated by males. Wives are beaten by their husbands. There is no practical rule in such domestic violence. Government should think about the gender equality especially on their work. In my opinion, there is clearly written about gender equality in the interim constitution of Nepal but we don't get its proper implementation in the practical because of illiteracy, traditional Nepalese Culture and su
          Idea for Interview preparation for UN SAAT Examination        
Appear with sharp uniform, neat and tidy. Use mouth freshness if requited. Be short and precise with answer. choose answer  in what you are trained and familiar with a and not watt you like or dislike unless asked to do so.Be confident on your persons. Always be polite and salute the interviewer. Wait to be asked sit down etc. He/ she likely to ask your question about your post in the police force so be clear about it. They may ask about your family your interests and other question. It is important you have normal eye contact with the interviewer. Do not look around when being asked question be direct but do no stare. If you are asked question that requited dates do not use Nepali dates to state information. Try with most questions follow the question up with a little more formation but not too much.

May I know your name, Please? Your name, please? or could you please tell me your name ?

Well, I am ……………

Is that is a common name in Nepal ?

Yes it is.

What does your name mean ?

Well the name refers to the son of god/ symbol of love according to our Hindu Mythology/ Nepalese culture.

And your family name is .............l isn't it ?

Yes it is,

Where Are you form ? Which part of Nepal are you from? Which part of Nepal do you belong to?

I am from  Dhading District, the central region of Nepal

Where are you born ?

I was born in central part or Nepal.

Where did you do your schooling ?

Well, I did my schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School in Dhading.

In which Year did you finish your SLC?

I finished my SLC in the year 1999 or It was the year 1999 when I finished my SLC.
           
            What is your academic qualification ?

I have passed Master level in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal.


How far is your home from the capital city?

It is nearly 100 kms far from the capital city

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel to my hometown 110 kms by bus and 5 kms on foot. It take 6 hours to reach there.

How developed is your village?

My village is not very developed. There is one Secondary School but there are one 6 Primary schools, one Post Office and 6 Health Clinics. A pitch road that connect to the district headquarters was built with public participation. Clean drinking water supply is also available there now. However, there is electric distributed in my village.

Are you married ?

Yes I am / No I am

How long have you been married ?

No, I haven't got married or It has been almost 3 years now?

Describe to me what your home is like.

My house is small. It is made of rocks, mud, wood, and tin. It is two storied and four rooms. It is a typical Nepali house.

Tell me about your journey from your home country to the mission

I am sorry. I haven't had the opportunity to go on a mission.

Tell me where do you go for holidays and what do you do when you get there ?

I go to Pokhara, When I get there, I go on boating, paragliding and sightseeing. 

Tell me the happiest day of your life?

The happiest day of my life is when I Passed SLC in First Division

How do you usually travel to your hometown and how long does it take to reach there ?

Well, I usually travel my hometown 6 hours by bus and 2 hours in foot  and it takes nearly 8 hours to rich there.

Was it love marriage or arranged marriage ?

It was arranged marriage./It was love marriage.

Why did you prefer arranged marriage?

Sir in an arranged marriage there is timely understanding and it is traditionally recognized, that is why I prefer arranged marriage as most Nepalese's do.

What does your spouse do ?

She is a Teacher.

Have you got any children? Do you have any children?

Yes. I have a Daughter. She is four years old.

Have you got any brother or sister?

I have 4 brother and two sisters.

What do they do ?

Well, my brother have various jobs and sisters have already married.

What does your father do ?

My father is farmer.

By the way, what do you do during your leisure ?

well, I usually spend my leisure by reading books newspaper, listening to my favorite music and playing some games.

What games do you do ?

Normally play football and Table tennis.

Could you tell me something about yourself? Would you give me your introduction please?

Well, I am ................ I com From Dhading, the Central Part of Nepal. I am 30 Years Old and am marred. I have a child, a daughter. I have been in the Police Service for 10 years now.   

Why do you want to participate in the mission ?

The Armed Police Force (APF) are working as peacekeepers  in many countries, It is a pride for us to participate in different conflict areas as a peacekeeper. Our organization has trained us and if we get the opportunity we could contribute our services according to the United nation Nations mandate. It is a very prestigious opportunity to participate in peacekeeping mission. It would also be an opportunity for me to earn some income family whilst experiencing a new environment.

How did the Darfur conflict starts?

It all started when Omar al-Bashir came in to Darfur and tried to take control presidency. Omar was a dictator and of course the people in Darfur didn't like it so they took control in their hands and fought back against him. Omar then brought in his own rebels to attack. Once he got total control everything started going downhill for people in Darfur.

What does the UN do in Darfur?
UN peace keepers have been sent to keep peace between the Darfurians (who have done nothing) and the Janjaweed (hired by the Sudanese Government to exterminate the Darfurians) they only problems there is what the UN peacekeepers cannot fire their weapons unless being fired upon. Since it is the Darfurians who are shot at and killed  there is no a lot peace keepers con do. They can only help to protect the people of Darfur.

Where is Darfur ?

Darfur is a reason in Western Sudan (formerly a independent sultanate) approximately the size of France. The population in Darfur is 8.5 million peoples of which 2.5 million had to relocate.

Tell me something about you and your job experience? ( as sample reply)

 I was born in Dhading District of Nepal . It is around 110 ksm far  from Kathmandu. I did schooling at Neelkantha Secondary School. I have passed Master Degree in Humanities & Social Science from Tribhuwan University of Nepal. I was join in APF in 2004 as Assistant Sub Inspector and I promoted in Sub Inspector in 2007. Now I am working in APF Head Quarters. .....................

What is the condition of human rights in your country ?

 I think it is better than previously because when the king was ruling this country people had limited opportunity and during the Maoist conflict there were a lot of case of human rights violation recorded by both sides. The situation now is quite different now all the political parties are in the process of making a new constitution and they are aware of people's rights.

What is community policing ?

Community Policing is basically working at close hand/ close to/ with the community in an effort to built up trust and relationships. This in turn may help with information you are able to recover from local people but is not the main reason. The main reason in to try to maintain peaceful to existence between the local people and the UN forces.
            Community policing or neighborhood  policing is policing strategy and philosophy based in the notion that community interaction and support can help control crime and reduce fear. With community members helping to identify suspects. Detain vandals and bring problems to the attention of police. community policing philosophy that promotes organizational strategies support the systematic use of partnership and problems solving techniques which proactively address the immediate condition that give rise to public safety issues such as crime social disorder and fear of crime.

Community Policing consists of three key components; What are community partnerships ?

Collaborative partnerships between the low enforcement agency and the individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems and increase trust in police. These partnership are forged in conjunction with other government agencies community members and groups. Human and social providers,  private business and the media.

What is Organization Transformation ?

The alignment of a law enforcement agency's organization management practices. Structure, personal and information system to support community partnerships and proactive problem solving. Police Departments engaged in effective community policing seek to transform their  organization culture. Leadership and management structure, labor, relations, strategic, planning process, how they evaluate performance, the transparency of their operations, the geographic assignment of officers, the alignment of their fiscal resources, recruitment and hiring practices, training and information gathering system. The objective of these changes is to create an organization infrastructures that can best support proactive operations intended to prevent crime. Traditional law enforcement practices are reactive and emphasize measure such as response times. Arrest rates, and other rote responses to crime. Community policing theory encourages police to proactively solve community problems and address the factors that contributes to crime rather than how contribute to the reduction crime. Though this transformation theoretically reflect the background of American policing  and contributes to he reduction in crime. The transformation was often awkward, especially in the 1980 and 90s when many department saw it as diminishing their authority and opportunity to work independently. It required, fundamentally, a shift from police departments, particularly big-city police departments seeing "Law enforcement" as a mission to seeing it as tool in public safety.
Problem Solving: The process of engaging in the proactive and systematic examination of identified problems to developed and rigorously evaluate effective responses. Community policing requires police to become proficient in what known as the SARC model of problem solving, Scanning, identifying and prioritizing problems. Analysis researching what is known about the problems. Response : Developing solutions to bring about lasting reductions in the number and extent of problems. Assessment: Evaluating the access of the responses. It is extremely important that the police officer encourages their citizens to get out there and get involved. When officers are stating up neighborhood watches of gibing a town meeting about community policing they need  get the citizen fired about helping. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. They must let the citizens know how important they are to the success of community policing. The police department need to create special bureaus or divisions with staff responsibility and fulltime personnel to coordinate the community relations activities of the department. This means that the departments need to have a staff that the develops activities that will keep the public busy and interested in community policing. These activities can be anything from setting up a baseball game with either citizen against officers of mixture of each on each team to just social gatherings where citizens and police get together perhaps once a month and just mingle. This is a way that the citizens can get to know the police officers in their community and also make friends with them as well as one that con either strike the interest of the citizens that are not already involved in community policing depends greatly on being able to balance the power between police officers and citizens and officers. The police must listen to their citizens and take in to consideration their ideas and solution when they are deciding upon what to do with problems that come up. In order to keep the citizens involved and with helping them the officers need to word with the people and no listen to them idly then come up with their own solutions f what they are going to do. The power must be proven to equal when community policing is considered. or  Community policing is policing for the people in partnership with the people where policing act as co-coordinator and manager in the community. It is a proactive police management. It provides door to door service to the people. It is based on decentralization of power and good governance. The basic idea is to create bonds of trust and reliance between police and public.

What are you doing at the moment ?

I am working at my office. I am a police radio operator so I work at administration  section as a computer operator.

What is gender equality ?

Every human being is divided into masculine and feminine gender by birth. In the Nepalese society, there is no equality between tow genders, Females are dominated by males. Wives are beaten by their husbands. There is no practical rule in such domestic violence. Government should think about the gender equality especially on their work. In my opinion, there is clearly written about gender equality in the interim constitution of Nepal but we don't get its proper implementation in the practical because of illiteracy, traditional Nepalese Culture and superstition.

Here is too difficult to work, here is no any facilities, could you work here?

Of course sir, it is my great opportunity to get to work here. I work very hard so that I can adjust to manage to pick up some difficulties I am growing in poor family. So I can easily adjust there. If I am selected, I will do my best to perform all activities satisfactory.

How do you drive in the hilly area?

We must check break, accelerator, gears, fuel and other important part of the vehicle before driving in the hilly area. If all things are in good condition, then we can drive in the hilly area but speed should not be high. We have to be careful on the different traffic  signal and modes of the hilly roads. Our concentration must be focused on the driving.

What is intelligence?

Intelligence is a ability that explains the information analyzed and relevant information which is helpful in making decisions.
Process of  intelligence: Requirements, playing and direction, collection processing and exploitation, analysis and production and dissemination.

What do you know about crime investigation ?
      1.       Protect the crime scene.
      2.       Protect the physical evidence and sent for the laboratory test.
      3.       prepare the essential legal documents which are related to the crime.
      4.       Tress out the eyewitness or witness,
      5.       Take the written statement with witness.
      6.       Finally, we should refer the case to the related court in time.

What is UN peacekeeping Operation ?

The peace keeping operation means the military operations conducted in the area of conflict under the  command of UN.

What types of work you like to do or prefer? Why ?

I like to work in crime investigation information collection and community police because in my prepared field.

What is the role of VIVPOL in UN Peacekeeping operation ?

The verbal aim of UN peacekeeping operation is to maintain law and order in a particular area of conflict.
Roles :-
     
      a)       Election monitoring, Supervision and
      b)       Safeguarding of civilian individuals communities from the threat of use of      Protection of provision and supplies of humanitarian relief assiatance.
      c)       Monitoring human right practices, advising training and assisting local             people.
What do you do if you are selected in UN mission ?

Human rights is a natural, basic and fundamental right, which makes every individuals, enjoys his life freely without violating others right and freedom.

Tell me in your own words what you think is a human right violation ?

A human rights violation is an act, which causes severe suffering to people under pressure it's a brutal act.

What is the role of police for protection of the human rights ?

We know government is the most powerful body of the state. Police Organization is the important organ of the Government. It is the main part of the body of the government from the security point of view. It always tries to control crime and maintain law and order th
          Model Questions for Interview        


General Question:–

1.    Tell us about yourself? e.g.(What is your name? Where do you live? )
2.    How would you like to celebrate your birthday?
3.    When did you join the police service?
4.    How do you evaluate your task at present crisis of the state ?
5.    Do you think the talks between the Government and the warring Maoist guerilla will accomplish to the fruitful end?
6.    How do you evaluate multiparty democracy in Nepal?
7.    What would you do if you had not joined the police service?
8.    Tell us about your favorite actors and actress?
9.    How do you evaluate the education system in Nepal?
10.    How do you introduce yourself with foreign people who has a very little knowledge about Nepal and the Nepalese people?
11.    Do you think Kathmandu is the most polluted metropolis?
12.    What are your hobbies? What is your favorite game?
13.    How do you explain the importance of nutrition to the human development?
14.    Are you married? what do you expect your married partner to be like?
15.    How do you spend your holidays?
16.    Have you ever visited any other countries other than India?
17.    What type of movies do you entertain from?
18.    What is your favorite movie? why?
19.    Tell us about the importance of Computer in the present day world?
20.    Have you ever encountered a deadly beast?
21.    Do you have any pet animal/s in your home?
22.    What are your favorite pets? why?
23.    What is the importance of training for any police or military personnel?
24.    Have you ever been very much partial towards your relatives to do injustice with anybody who is innocent?


          READING COMPREHENSION        



1.HATES CRIMES

The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.
Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes
The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.





1.    How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
2.    How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
3.    Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
4.    How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
5.    How many hate groups are there nationwide?
6.    What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
7.    How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
8.    Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
9.    What was the increase in hate groups last year?
10.    Who is Hillary Shelton?   


2.PILOT  ACCUSED

Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .
 Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"
Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.
Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"
1.    When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
2.    How long has he been held in jail?
3.    Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
4.    What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
5.    What did he hide in 1993?
6.    Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
7.    What are the conditions of his bail?
8.    What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
9.    Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?



3.BOSNIA INJURIES

On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .
NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.
In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"
 And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".


1.    How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
2.    Where were the two American soldiers inured?
3.    Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
4.    Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
5.    How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
6.    Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
7.    What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
8.    Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
9.    Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
10.    Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4.CLONE SYSTEM

Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?
Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid .
as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .
After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.
A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.


1.    What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
2.    What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
3.    What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
4.    Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
5.    What is the main problem of cloning system?
6.    What does Australian scientist claim?
7.    What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
8.    For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
9.    What is the specific with mitochondria??
10.    Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?
5.    ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.
The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 
 The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.
The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.
The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.
 The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.
1.    When did the car stolen?
2.    What was the lost property?
3.    What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.    What was the demand of political party?
5.    What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.    What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.    How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.    En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.    What was the monitor action on the scene?
10. what action did the local police take ?

    

6.    Authoritarian regime

President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.
"We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.
It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 
The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.
The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.
    The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.
      Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

1.    Which countries are called golden triangle country?
2.    Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
3.    What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
4.    Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
5.    What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
6.    Where is the international court of Justice located?
7.    why were the thousands of people jailed ?
8.    What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
9.    How many political prisoners were jailed?
 10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?


7.  GAMBLE

November 27, 2001
Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.
Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested  one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports . And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.
 Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.
 The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.
The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved. 
1.    How may gang members arrested?
2.    What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.    Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.    How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.    How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.    What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.    What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.    What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.    What were weapons confiscated.
        10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?


8.  EBOLA

Sunday, December 9, 2001
An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in
France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.    What did government request to Media?
2.    Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.    Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.    When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.    What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.    What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.    How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.    What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.    Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    

9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

    US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .
    There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country .
    It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.    Who is Taras?

10. THE UNITED NATION

The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states.
    After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs

1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat

                                        1. International court of justice.

    The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

    America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

    Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


11.  UN FAILURE IN BOSNIA

    A long -awaited report into the failure of a Dutch UN peacekeeping force to prevent the murder of thousands of Muslims in the Bosnian town of Brebrenica will be published on Wednesday. The Netherlands is bracing itself for the results of the inquiry in to the worst massacre in Europe since world War second. The
    BBC's Europe correspondent says Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for their part in event leading up to the 1995 slaughter. In July 1995, Srebrenica was being protected by 110 Dutch troops who were supposed to ensure the safety of the town's mainly Muslim population against surrounding Bosnian Serb forces. The United Nations had declared it a safe area but when it  was attacked, the town fill with out the Dutch UN troops firings shot . Up to 8000 Muslim men and boys were then murdered.

Five years of research

                  While the Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for letting the town fall without a fight , fault is also set to be found with the over all UN commander for failing to order air strikes to protect the enclave. The report is also understood to criticize the Dutch government for showing lack of political will. The 7000-pages report by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation is the official Dutch history of events in Srebrenica. It has taken more than five years to produce. In a 1999 report, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan blamed the international community for its failure to protect the enclave but insisted that it was impossible " to say whether a more decisive action by the Dutch would have saved lives" .A report two weeks ago by the Interchurch Peace Council ( IKV) in the Netherlands condemned Dutch troops, generals and politicians for failing to evacuate and protect the Muslims.

Scenes from hell

    The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague has ruled that the massacre was genocide. Last August it sentenced Bosnian Serb General Radisav Krstic, considered a key commander in the episode, to 46 years in prison. The judge in the case said the massacre was characterized by " scenes from hell, written on the darkest pages of human history" Survivors' reports, aerial photography and grisly evidence exhumed from mass graves indicate the most victims in the massacre were summarily executed ,Dutch MPs may now call for a public inquiry. Seven military commanders of Royal Dutch army have been sentenced to seven years jail . Ten army personnel have been fired from the service and 20 have been restricted from the promotion as per the report of the criminal tribunal.   The BBC's correspondent Mr. Havel Eastward has been facilitated by the Dutch Government as a friends of mankind . After the massacre in the Srebrenica the Dutch government begs pardon with the Bosnian people and saying that her troops could not do any thing to save the life of the people and she is responsible to the accident.


1. How many Dutch troops were protecting Srebrenica?
2. What ethnic group were the people of Srebrenica?
3. Why the Dutch government begs pardon with the people of Bosnia ?
4. How many people were killed in Srebrenica?
5. How many army personnel were punished?
6. Who is criticized in the report?
7. Where is the International Criminal Tribunal based?
8. Would more positive action by the Dutch troops have saved lives?
9    What sentence was General Krstic given?
10    Who was facilitated by the Dutch government and why?


12.  SWARM ATTACK

    Six people were hospitalized after they were attacked by a swarm of bees in Singapore, a news report said on Tuesday. The bees attacked contractors who were trying to remove a beehive in the tropical city-state .Two police officers who were on the scene to keep back the public, were among those attacked and hospitalized. Police public affairs officers could not immediately be contacted to confirm the report. The incident occurred at approximately 12:30PM on Tuesday afternoon. Two of the people who were injured in the attack were still in the hospital on Tuesday night at 10:00 PM; however they were in good condition. Such incidents are rare in heavily urbanized Singapore. But two years ago , a 51 years old taxi driver died after he was stung by a swarm bees .The driver was changing his back left tire and he removed the deflated tire , a beehive was in the wheel well . Witnesses said that the swarm covered the man's face and hands and repeatedly sting him as he cried out in pain .He died later that night while being hospitalized. Singapore is a very small country covered by the see in the east of Asia and known as a well industrialized country.
    The big industry installations have many nooks and corners where the swarm bees get shelters. firstly people do not care about it because it seems harmless and small in the beginning but after  a year it  appeared in large scale and bees become escort free so they undermine their stung so they try to destroy their hives and got stung and the result  become very adverse. The same accident happened in The US in 1990 when a farmer had gone to his farmhouse to clean the room , he saw that there is a bee hive in the ceiling of the room he thought it was full of honey , unfortunately it was poisonous  swarm bee's hive.  He collected his two sons and a black servant to take the honey . In the mean time when they lit a fire to fly the bees , the swarm bees started stung them . The younger son who was in the door side escaped from the room after having a look at the victims and called the police . The house got in to the gutter by the fire and three injured had been hospitalize in the city centre . The house owner Mr. Kally died during the medical treatment and two had been discharged after 2 weeks with swollen face and bruises for the whole life.  The same accident happened in Nepal too on 23 September 2002. The Raute , who are famous for honey hunter ,had tried to collect honey from the very steep hill near Manang District. they made rope ladder to climb the hill and with the aid of fire they started collecting the honey .
    It was a documentary program filmed by Scottish Director visualized to broadcast in Britain  by BBC. Al together there were 15 men. When the honey hunter was climbing down from the steep hill after the successful visualization of the film. Unfortunately, one of the hunters touched the bees hive. Due to the finished job, they did not prepare for next attack and they all were on very thin cloths and without cloves . Three among five hunters fall down from the cliff and died. Two were severely bitten by the bees were died on the way to hospital and ten crew members of the visualization  were admitted in the hospital and discharged after 2 weeks .  It is said that the bees seems so calm if they are not hurt and if anyone hurt their queen , they become so terrifying and take revenge from the hunter . The queen is the most powerful among the bees. if the queen of the bees  safely removed from the hive it will be so easy to get the honey from the hive   which is considered as medicine  in eastern countries . The working bees always follow the queen bee , if she abandon the hive silently , all the bees left the hive with out revenge. so if you want to get honey remove the queen tactically and calmly.
         
1.    How many people had been killed according to the passage.?
2.    How many people had been injured according to the passage?
3.    Where was the bees's hive in the taxi?
4.    Who was the authentic person to provide informations about injured police officers according to the passage.
5.    What had happened to the two Americans who escaped from the death?
6.    What is the ideal idea to get honey?
7.    What did the team doing in Manning District?
8.    How did the taxi driver killed?
9.    Where was the bees's hive in the room?
10.    Who is the most powerful in the hive?

13.  ARAFAT POLITICS
    Arafat is not the point. As Israelis and Palestinians use ever more lethal means against each other's civilians, the question being asked in Israel and the US is not how to end the occupation, but whether or not to end the career, or even the life, of Arafat. At the time of writing this coverage trend in early February 2002, in a further escalation Israeli tanks have confined Arafat in an area of 200m square in Ram Allah. And have destroyed the remainder of his helicopter fleet that it began to destroy on the attack of his compound on 3 December 2001.
    If Israel killed Arafat or sent in to exile, nothing would change. It seems almost absurd to have to point out that forcing millions of people to live for decades under hostile military rule with no end on sight inevitably produces violent resistance. Only a mind -set that steadfastly refuses to recognize this can become captivated by a lone figure who's real and imagined failings became a smoke screen that obscures the machinery that actually drives the conflict.
    If Israel truly seeks the moral high ground it invokes in the international arena, it should stop seeking a relative high ground whose only elevation stems from the weakness and failing of its historical enemies. Rather Israel should address the most obvious things it dies to perpetuate the conflict.
    The bottom line is that the single most identifiable factor that perpetuates the Israeli- Palestinian conflict in all its forms, both legitimate, is the Israeli military occupation that exists to protect the continuing Israeli colonization of the Gaza Strip and West Bank, including Jerusalem.
    Comparisons of Arafat with Bin Laden serve to legitimize Israel's continuing repression of the Palestinians and bear no reality to the dynamics that this particular conflicts, dynamics that Israel has played no small part in creating.
    Israel's killing of civilians is a form of terrorism. The United States  tacit support of Israel's so called retaliation in US support of terrorism .Although Israeli officials are occasionally note don record " apologizing" for the latest " accidental" death of a child , there comes a point -- after a year in which one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed were children and 50 percent of these children were killed for away from clashes- that it becomes imperative to note that Israel could always simply stop killing children , instead of merely apologizing for it.
    Israel's nightly shelling of Palestinian neighborhoods has accounted for one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed during the first year of the Second Intifada .  Israel's regular killing of innocent civilians including children as a "by product " of its ironically titled" targeted killings " of Palestinian activists most commonly with rockets fired from combat helicopters at these leader's vehicles while in cit streets offer more examples of the indiscriminate violence that characterizes 'terrorism' as most people understand the word.
    Following a series of suicide bomb attacks in February / March 1996, then Israeli President Weizmann bluntly described Israel's practice of using closure to turn Palestinian towns in to prisons for the entire population: "Sometimes, when you are searching for a needle in a haystack, you have to burn the haystack".
    Israel has been encouraged to carry out similar "retaliation" as in the case of the December 2001bombing, by the knowledge that the United States would not condemn it. America must refrain from "understanding" Israel's violence. This can only have the effect of encouraging the continued Israeli killing of innocent Palestinian civilians.

1.    How many Palestinian children have been killed this year?
2.    How many Palestinians have been killed during nightly shelling?
3.    Are children targeted by the Israelis?
4.    Who is Arafat compared to and why?
5.    Where is Arafat confined, and what size of area?
6.    How many people live under hostile military rule in Palestine?
7.    What is the question being asked in Israel and the US?
8.    Why is Israel not afraid to carry out retaliation attacks on Palestinians?
9.    What happened in 1996?
10.    What dies Israel do when it is faced with suicide bomb attacks?








14.  BUS LOOTED
    A bus, which started off in Kathmandu , at 5:30 PM , traveling to Biratnagar , was looted by some Indian dacoits, which had crossed the boarder in order to escape the authorities there. They had been in Nepal for at least a month and had been regularly stopping night buses and robbing the passengers of all their belongings as well as money.
    When the bus number Ba Ga 3987, first started off from Gongabu Bus Park there was a total of 30 passengers. Just near Thankot 3 more passengers got on. The journey was uneventful until they reached Muggling, where they stopped for dinner. Here, the bus conductor managed to find 4 more people wanting to travel to Biratnagar . After about half an hour stop for dinner, they set off again. At Bharatpur 2 of the passengers got off as they had only booked up to this point. The bus had to wait for about one hour as the engine had trouble and the driver had to fix it .After this they started  of again and had a short tea break at Hetauda where another 2 people got off and one got on.
    At about 2:00 PM in the morning, when most of the passengers were asleep, the driver suddenly stopped as there was a tree across the main road. The passengers all wake up as the bus had come to a sudden stop, and were all looking out of the windows. Two Indian men dressed in black were behind the fallen tree with country made rifles; at the same time 2 also came from the back and two on each side of the bus. At once they told all the passengers to come out of the bus and line up in front of the bus, even though it as a moonlight night, no body could make out the faces of the dacoits, and could tell only by the way they spoke that they were from India. Everybody was told to remove their watches, jewelries and to empty out their pockets and moneybags. One of the men colleted all this while the others told all the passengers to lie down with their faces facing down. During this time the dacoits all disappeared, as nobody wanted to follow them as they might get shot

1.    How many passengers were on the bus when it was robbed?

2.    How many dacoits were there in total?

3.    How long did they stop for dinner?

4.    Why did they stop a second time before the robbery?

5.    How did the passengers know that the dacoits were not Nepali?

5.    Where did the bus start first?

6.    How many got in the Baratpur?

7.    Why did the bus have to stop suddenly?

8.    How many we on the bus at Muggling?

9.    Although it was night time how could the passengers make out how many dacoits there were?  
15.    KOSOVO POLICE

    On Monday 17 March 2003 , at 0745 hours , two Kosovo Police Officers were on patrol duty in a police vehicle when they observed a white van type vehicle , license 496KS858 driving very fast. The officers stopped the white van type vehicle for questioning using their blue flash lights. When the driver stopped, the patrol team stopped five meters behind his vehicle, however the van did not turn off its engine. As the officers exited their vehicle, the drivers of the white van type vehicle sped away very quickly. The officers ran back to their vehicle and chased the white vehicle .They were driving on the road to the airport. The police vehicle was driving at almost 120 km/hour but was unable to catch up to the van. Suddenly, the van turned north on to an unpaved roadway. The officers continued the pursuit. The van drove for approximately a hundred meters more. There was a big hole by the side of the road which the van fell into as the driver had lost control of the van, then it rolled upside down into a deep ditch on the south side of the roadway at grid reference 184-846. The officers stopped their vehicle on the opposite side of the roadway and proceeded cautiously toward the offender's vehicle. When they were approximately two meters away form the white van type vehicle they could see that the offender was still in his vehicle but was not moving. There were no sign of blood or injury  to the offender .As the officers got closer they could see three bundles, approximately 35 cm by 20cm by 25cm in the rare cargo area of the vehicle . One of the bundles was ripped open and a dark green plant material was showing, the officers assumed that it was marijuana. The first officer proceeded to the front of the vehicle to check the physical condition to the driver. The offender was breathing but didn't respond to any of the officer's verbal commands.  The officer radioed for an ambulance and the offender was taken to the local hospital. The second officer searched the offender's vehicle and found another bundle under the front seat with a knife. The Knife was 20 cm long with old blood stains. There were no papers or registration found in the vehicle. All material were seized as evidence and taken to police station.

1.    What were the 2 officers doing at 0745 Hrs?
2.    Why did they ask the van to stop?
3.    What was their reason for stopping the van?
4.    At what distance behind did the police stop?
5.    How many bundles were seen?
6.    Approximately what speed was the van traveling when in pursuit?
7.    What did the officers assume it to be?
8.    Was the knife found before or after the suspect was taken to hospital?
9.    What distance did the van travel on the dirt road?
10.    How did the man crash the vehicle?
16.    GERMANY SOOTING

Germany was in shock yesterday after 19 years old, masked gunman shot 17 people, including two female students, before killing himself in a school massacre in the eastern city of Erfurt.
The black -clad gunman a recently - expelled student of the Gutenberg secondary school, burst into a classroom during an exam yesterday morning around 11 AM and started shooting with a pump action rifle mounted on his back. "He passed us in the corridor with out paying any attention and walked straight into the secretary's office and started shooting." He said. Witnesses said the gunman walked through the building, opening classroom doors and targeting staff, killing nine male teachers, four female teachers, a secretary and two female students all within minutes. Caretakers heard the shots and notified the local police. Two officers arrived on the scene and discovered two dead bodies in the entrance hall. Moments later the gunman appeared and opened fire, shooting dead one of the policemen. A special commando unit immediately surrounded the school, which has nearly 700 students. As the shooting continued, around 180 students were still trapped in the building. Commandos stormed the building shortly before noon and came upon what was described as terrible scenes. 'Bodies lay in the halls, in bathrooms and classrooms' said Mr.Rainer Grube, a police spokesman. The gunman, who had barricaded himself into a room, shot himself as officers approached. 'The gunman killed himself when he saw that there was no way out for him' said Mr., Grube.
    For the students trapped inside the building, their ordeals ended nearly three hours later when they were led, pale and shaking, out of the school to worried parents at the gate. They were all receiving counseling yesterday evening, while four people injured in the attack were brought to hospital. Police were last night still investigating students reports that there was a second gunman. They had no motive for the shootings yesterday evening. Friends of the as yet unidentified gunman described him as an intelligent student who was ' full of life' and often spoke of his wish to become famous. The massacre is one of the most violent attacks in German post -war history, and ranks alongside the 1996 school shooting in Dunblane and the 1999 massacre in Columbine , Arkansas. Yesterday evening Erfurt residents were in shock and German politicians speechless .
'We are stunned at this horrific crime. No explanation we could give would go far enough right now ' said the Chancellor, Mr. Gerhard Schroeder, expressing his sympathy for the families of the victims and the students who witnessed the attack. He ordered the German flag on the Reichstag in Berlin to flown to be flown at half mast. 'We are all in one room .One teacher is dead, we are crying.



1.    Which two other massacres are mentioned?
2.    How many people were injured in the attack?
3.    What time did the shooting start?
4.    What weapons were used?
5.    How many teachers were killed?
6.    Did the gunman target students?
7.     Who notified the police about the shooting?
8.    Who stormed the building and when?
9.    How many police men entered the building initially?
10.    How long it take to gunman to kill the people and was there only one gunman?



17.  DEAD BODY FOUND

Mr. John Edwards lives alone in his cottage in the southern part of Cambridge, UK. He was a retired officer who previously worked for the finance office which was based in London. He had been retired for 5 years now and spent most of his time in Cambridge. He had worked for 34 years and during that time lived in London. By the sides of his cottage, there was a husband and wife living who used to work for Mr. Edwards. The woman would cook his meals and the man would attend to the garden. Mr. Edwards had no close family or friends who would come to visit him regularly .On December 15 , 2002 ,Mr. Edwards was found dead in his study at 0700 hrs. His body was fund by the woman who did his cooking. She had informed the police when she had seen him lying on his desk at 0700hrs. All the doors were closed from the inside so the woman thought in quite suspicious so she looked through the window. This is when she saw Mr. Edwards at his desk. When the police arrived at 0730 hrs. They broke open the door and checked the body. Mr. Edwards was confirmed dead and his body sent for post mortem. By the side of the table there was a bottle and a letter which said that he was taking his life as he was fed up and didn't see any future in continuing. All these materials were sent to the police lab for the necessary testing. The reports all confirmed that Mr. Edwards did take the poison, traces of which were found in his blood and on his lips. On the latter, apart from Mr. Edward's finger prints, there were other prints found as well. When the police checked up they found that it belonged to the husband the woman who cooked for Mr. Edwards. The police found this very suspicious as the husband had said that he never came into the study at any time. The police brought the man in for questioning and under interrogation he at first denied that he had gone to the house ant any time. After 2 hours, he changed his story and said that he
          AMOR OU APEGO - VOCÊ JÁ SOFREU POR AMOR ?        


A maioria das pessoas sofrem por amor simplesmente porque não amam...
Há uma grande e fundamental diferença entre o amor e o apego e acreditamos que no mundo ainda sejam raras as pessoas que são realmente capazes de AMAR!!


A paixão apegosa é o oposto de amor, surge de um egocentrismo que acarinha a si mesmo no outro, ou pior, busca construir a própria felicidade as expensas do outro. Esse tipo de sentimento só quer se apropriar das pessoas, objetos e situações que o atraem para ter controle. Considera a atração como uma caracteristica inerente a pessoa, cujas qualidades amplia e subestima os defeitos. 


A paixão romântica é o maior exemplo de cegueira. O dicionário define ”Um amor poderoso, exclusivo e obsessivo. Afetividade violenta que atrapalha o julgamento.” Ela é alimentada pelo exagero e pela ilusão e insiste em que as coisas sejam outras, diferentes de como realmente são. Como uma miragem, o objeto idealizado é insaciável e fundamentalmente frustrante.


A atração sexual não é patológica, mas também não é uma emoção. É a expressão normal de um desejo, como a fome e a sede.”. Mesmo assim faz surgir as mais poderosas emoções porque sua força deriva dos 5 sentidos: visão  tato, audicão, paladar e olfato. Na ausência de liberdade interior, qualquer experincia desse tipo gera apego e cria um redemoinho: não damos atenção, pensamos que podemos nadar ali sem problemas, mas quando o turbilhão acelera e fica mais profundo, somos sugados para dentro dele sem nenhuma esperanaç de resgate. Já a pessoa que consegue manter uma perfeita liberdade interior experimenta todas sensações na simplicidade do momento presente, com o deleite de uma mente livre de apegos e expectativas.


O amor verdadeiro é aquele que é livre de apegos, ser desapegado não significa amar menos e sim não estar centrado no amor por nós mesmos nos escondendo no amor que dizemos sentir pelo outro. O amor real é a alegria de compartilhar da vida daqueles que estão a nossa volta, seja eles seus amigos, familiares, esposa ou marido. 
Ama-se o outro pelo que ele/ela é e não através da lente distorcida do egocentrismo, em vez de se apegar temos que ter em mente a felicidade da outra pessoa e não a propria, em vez de esperar gratificações podemos receber o amor reciproco da outra pessoa com alegria.



DO DESEJO À OBSESSÃO

O desejo obsessivo que costuma acompanhar o amor apaixonado deturpa a afeição, a ternura e a alegria de apreciar e compartilhar a vida com alguém. Ele é o oposto do amor altruísta. Surge de um egocentrismo doentio que acarinha a si mesmo no outro ou, ainda pior, busca construir a própria felicidade às expensas do outro. Esse tipo de desejo só quer se apropriar das pessoas, dos objetos e das situações que o atraem para ter controle. Considera a atração como uma característica inerente àquela pessoa, cujas qualidades ele amplia, enquanto subestima os defeitos. “O desejo embeleza os objetos sobre os quais pousa as suas asas de fogo” , ressaltou Anatole France.


O desejo obsessivo é reflexo da intensidade e da frequência das imagens mentais que o desencadeiam. Como um disco riscado, fica repetindo o mesmo leitmotiv. É uma polarização do universo mental, uma perda de fluidez, que prejudica a liberdade interior. Alain escreveu: “Este amante desprezado, que se contorce sobre a cama em vez de dormir e que medita sobre vinganças terríveis. O que sobraria da sua ferida se ele não pensasse mais sobre o passado e sobre o futuro? Este ambicioso, ferido no coração por um fracasso, onde procurará ele sua dor, senão em um passado que ressuscita e em um futuro que inventa?” 

  Essas obsessões tornam-se muito dolorosas quando não são atendidas e vão ficando cada vez mais fortes quando o são. O universo da obsessão é um mundo onde a urgência se vincula à impotência. Somos pegos por uma engrenagem de tendências e pulsões que conferem à obsessão um caráter lancinante. 

Outra de suas características é a insatisfação fundamental que ela suscita. Ela não conhece a alegria e muito menos a plenitude ou a realização. Não poderia ser de outra maneira, já que aquele que é vítima da obsessão insiste em buscar alívio exatamente naquelas situações que são as causas do seu tormento. 

O dependente de drogas reforça a sua dependência, o alcoólatra bebe até chegar ao delírio, o amante desprezado olha para a foto da sua amada o dia todo. A obsessão gera um estado de sofrimento crônico e de ansiedade, aos quais se somam, por sua vez, o desejo e a repulsa, a insaciabilidade e a exaustão. Na verdade, ela é um adendo às causas do sofrimento.


Estudos indicam que diferentes regiões do cérebro e diferentes circuitos neurais estão em ação quando “queremos” alguma coisa e quando “gostamos” dela. Isso nos ajuda a compreender pelo qual, quando nos acostumamos a sentir certos desejos, nos tornamos dependentes deles – continuamos a sentir a necessidade de satisfazê-los mesmo quando já não gostamos do sentimento que provocam. Chegamos ao ponto de desejar sem gostar, desejar sem amar.  No entanto, podemos querer ser livres da obsessão, que machuca porque nos compele a desejar aquilo que não nos agrada mais. Podemos, também, amar alguma coisa ou alguém sem necessidade desejá-los.




AMOR, DESEJO E APEGO

Como distinguir entre o amor verdadeiro e o apego possessivo? O amor altruísta pode ser comparado ao som puro que vem de um copo de cristal, e o apego ao dedo que, ao tocar a beira do copo, abafa esse som. Reconhecemos desde o princípio que a ideia de uma mor desprovido de apego é relativamente estranha à sensibilidade ocidental. Ser desapegado não significa que amamos menos a pessoa, mas que não estamos centrados no amor por nós mesmos nos escondendo no amor que dizemos sentir pelo outro. 

O amor altruísta é a alegria de compartilhar da vida daqueles que estão à nossa volta os nosso familiares, os nossos amigos, os nossos companheiros, a nossa esposa ou o nosso marido e contribuir para a felicidade deles. Amamos o outro por aquilo que ele é e não através da lente distorcida do egocentrismo. Em vez de ficarmos apegados ao outro, temos que ter em mente a felicidade dele; em vez de esperar que ele nos traga alguma gratificação, podemos receber o seu amor recíproco com alegria.


E depois podemos ir ampliando e estendendo esse amor. É preciso ser capaz de amar todas as pessoas incondicionalmente. Amar um inimigo – isso é pedir demais? Esse empreendimento pode parecer impossível, mas baseia-se em uma observação muito simples: a de que todos os seres, sem exceção, querem evitar o sofrimento e conhecer a felicidade. 

O amor altruísta genuíno é o desejo de que isso possa se realizar. Se o amor que oferecemos depende do modo como somos tratados, nunca seremos capazes de amar o nosso inimigo. No entanto, é certamente possível ter a esperança de que ele pare de sofrer e seja feliz!

Como conciliar esse amor incondicional e imparcial com o fato de que temos na nossa existência relações preferenciais com certas pessoas? Tomemos o sol como exemplo. Ele brilha para todos, com o mesmo calor e a mesma claridade, em todas as direções. Mas há seres que, por diversas razões, se encontram mais perto dele e que, por isso, recebem mais calor. Mas em nenhum momento essa situação privilegiada é uma exclusão. 

Apesar das limitações inerentes a qualquer metáfora, compreendemos que é possível gerar em si mesmo uma bondade a partir da qual chegamos a olhar para todos os seres como se fossem pais, mães, irmãos, irmãs ou filhos.




No Nepal, por exemplo, chamamos qualquer mulher mais velha do que nós de “grande irmã”, e a mulher mais nova, de “pequena irmã”. Essa bondade aberta, altruísta e atenciosa, longe de diminuir o amor que sentimos por aqueles que nos são mais próximos, só o faz aumentar, aprofundar-se e ficar ainda mais belo.

 Ã‰ claro que temos que ser realistas – concretamente é impossível manifestar da mesma maneira a nossa afeição e o nosso amor por todos os seres vivos. É normal que os efeitos do nosso amor envolvam mais determinadas pessoas do que outras. No entanto, não há razão para que uma relação especial que temos com um amigo ou um companheiro limite o amor e a compaixão que sentimos por todas as pessoas. 



A essa limitação, quando surge, damos o nome de apego. O apego é nocivo na medida em que, sem propósito algum, restringe o campo de ação do amor altruísta. É como se o sol deixasse de brilhar em todas as direções e se reduzisse a um estreito feixe de luz. O apego é fonte de sofrimento porque o amor egoísta se bate contra as barreiras que ele mesmo levantou. 

A verdade é que o desejo possessivo e exclusivista, a obsessão e o ciúme só têm sentido no universo fechado do apego. O amor altruísta é a mais expressão da natureza humana, quando essa natureza não é viciada, obscurecida e distorcida pelas manipulações do ego. O AMOR ALTRUÍSTA abre uma porta interior que torna inoperante o sentimento de importância de si mesmo e, portanto, também o medo desaparece. Ele nos permite dar alegremente e receber com gratidão.

TALVEZ VOCÊ NUNCA TENHA AMADO



O pessoal do O Lugar – um projeto de transformação coletiva por meio de contatos reais entre pessoas e troca de experiências realizou um vídeo com uma entrevista incrível com a monja Jetsunma Tenzin Palmo em papo tranquilo, leve e de muita sabedoria sobre algo que confundimos muito: o amor romântico e o amor genuíno. Muitos que não têm culpa, até confundem os dois achando que se tratam da mesma coisa ou coisas muito próximas. Mas não são mesmo.

No vídeo abaixo, a monja Jetsunma Tenzin Palmo compartilha seus conhecimentos de maneira sensata e sem parecer um papo de viajante, mas sim algo que pode nos ajudar muito a entender o que é praticar amor de maneira gratuita, sem joguinhos e de maneira verdadeira, nos fazendo enxergar que nosso exterior é reflexo do interior. 

Ouçam com o coração e reflitam se o que, até hoje vocês chamaram de amor, realmente correspondia a esse sentimento.


 São apenas 4 minutos, confiram:




Jetsunma Tenzin Palmo nasceu na Inglaterra e foi para a Índia com 20 anos, virou aluna de Khamtrul Rinpoche, viveu 12 anos em retiro numa caverna no Himalaia, tornou-se a segunda mulher ocidental ordenada no budismo tibetano (escola Drukpa Kagyu) e fundou um monastério de monjas, onde é a responsável hoje em dia, além de oferecer palestras e retiros pelo mundo todo. Com uma linguagem simples e um foco na vida cotidiana, sem discursos eruditos, ela é uma grande professora, recomendada por  Dalai Lama e Alan Wallace.

Fontes:
contioutra
budavirtual.com
o lugar 
canal : o lugar

        


          Lowongan Kerja PT. Lava Mobile Indonesia Trainer Technician Sales Eksekutif        
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           Nabin K. Bhattarai        


Singer : Nabin K. Bhattarai
Date of Birth: 14th March 1974.
Place of Birth : Dillibazar Kathmandu.
Profession: Singer, Composer and Song Writer.
Marital Status: Married with Nabina Rajbhandari.
Father Name: Kalyan Bhattarai.
Mother Name: Nirmala Bhattarai.
Hobbies: Singing, Trekking, Sports and Painting.
Awards Received:
1.      Best male vocalist award in Sajha Smriti Award.
2.      Album of the year award received for the album Raharai Raharma.
3.      Shikhar Hits FM Award in 2054 on Best Male Vocal.
4.      Chinnalata Award.
5.      Hits FM Music Award in 2060.and many others.
Nabin K. Bhattarai was born in Dillibazzar Kathmandu Nepal in 14th of March 1974 is a singer, composer and songwriter of Nepalese music industry. Bhattarai was the eldest son of Mrs nirmala Bhattarai and Mr Kalyan Bhattarai. He is interested in music, painting and sports from his childhood. After he completed his High school Diploma (Intermediate), he participated in various musical events. He entered into the career of music after he was awarded his degree named Intermediate in Science (ISC). He enters in the field of music in 1990 with a band named “The Steel Wheels” as a rhythm guitarist and vocalist for the band with his friends, as other members of the band member went abroad, he persist as a solo singer. He attends music classes at Kathmandu University with his full of interest. He record first song as “Aaakhama Timilai” which was a great number and a popular song of his lifetime and was loved by the Nepalese music lovers. As his fans suggested he is influenced by the western rock bands like Deep Purple and Pink Floyd. He is also influenced by Suresh Kumar and Kunti Moktan from Nepalese Music Industry.


In addition, he contributed lot in Nepali music industry, not only as a singer but also a good music composer. He got married in 23rd of June 2010 with Nabina Rajbhandari. Nabin was a father of a baby boy who was born in 10thof April 2012.


His fans suggest that, in the year 2011, Nabin was taking the involvement in different social works. His Latest album named was the “Kathmandu”. In interview we listen that he was born in Kathmandu is a reason behind keeping the album named Kathmandu as his latest. He sung an English number named “Million of Faces”, written by Jyotsna Bhattarai and Post production by Saddist production. Another number which is liked by the music lovers from this Album is “Prem Katha” a song combination of English and Nepali language.


Released Albums:
         1.      Raharai Raharma.
         2.      Aaabhas.
         3.      Smriti.
         4.      Samjhana.
         5.      Samarpan.
         6.      Nabin.
         7.      The Blue.
         8.      Smriti Reloaded.
         9.      G Major.
        10.  Nakshatra.
        11.  Kathmandu.




          Deepak Bajracharya        



Birth Date: 2nd May.
Birth Place: Binche Bahal Lalitpur, Nepal.
Occupation: Music Arranger, Performer, singer and Managing Director of Royal Tune Records Pvt. Ltd.
Sex: Male.
Education Qualification: Bachelor in Business.
Program or concerts attend: More Than 300
Marital Status: Married.
First song: Chodi Gayeu Priya.
First concert: City Hall in 1988.
Recorded Songs: More than 250 in countdown.




Some of the Solo Performances by Deepak Bachracharya are as enlisted below:



                                  CONCERTS                                                          LOCATION



          1.      A close encounter with Deepak Bajracharya                      Patan Durbar Square
          2.      Ma ra Mero Guitar                                                              Malla Hotel.
          3.      Let the children Walk  presented by Ashok Baskota.         â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦â€¦..
          4.      Presented by NHEICC and WHO                                      Dasrath Stadium Kathmandu.
          5.      Deepak Bajracharya live in Patan                                        Patan Durbar Square.
          6.      Deepak Bajracharya Live in Bal Mandir                             Bal Mandir.
          7.      Deepak Bajracharya Live                                                     Biratnagar (2005)
          8.      Deepak Bajracharya Live in unplugged                               Royal Nepal Academy  (2004)
          9.      Deepak Bajracharya Performing  Live                                Pokhara (2003/2004/2005) 
          10.  World no Tobacco Day Mega Event by Deepak Bajracharya Live     (2003) 
           11.  Deepak’s Night                                                                     Hong Kong (2002)
Other Concerts attend by Deepak Bajracharya with Others Singers and artist is as follows:

ARTIST NAME                                            LOCATION
    1. Ram K Dhakal and J Rajani Kant                     Japan
    2. Lucky Ali                                                          Nepal (Kathmandu and Pokhara)
    3. Indira Gurung                                                    Japan
    4. 1974 A.D                                                         Hong Kong and Icon 2003 at Kathmandu Nepal
    5. Lujaw, Rovin and Mongolian Heart                  Dasrath Stadium Kathmandu, Nepal.
Nominated Song for Awards :
Bhannai Sakina 2011 A.D (2067 B.S)
Jhumi Jhumi 2005 A.D (2061 B.S)
Ritu 2004 A.D (2060 B.S)
Andhyaroma 2002 A.D. (2059 B.S)
Timi Nai Timi 2000 A.D (2057 B.S)
Samaya 1999 A.D (2056)
Mitighar, Sunshan 1998 A.D (2055 B.S)
Oh Amira 1997 A.D (2054 B.S)
Awards Received as a best Performer are as provided below:
1   1.      Taal Music Award as the album of the year in 2003 A.D (2060 B.S)
     2.      Icon 2003 A.D
     3.      Best Male Vocal Performance Award in Aaha Pop Music in 2003 A.D (2060 B.S)
     4.      Hits F.M Best Male vocal Performance in 1999 A.D (2056 B.S)
      5.      Best Music Video Award on Event Millennium Award in 2003 A.D (2060 B.S)
Brands Ambassador for:
1.      Samsung electronics.
2.      Anna Lifan Motorcycle.
3.      Bagpiper Whiskey.
4.      World link communication.
5.      Kodak Film
                            Released Album by Deepak Bajracharya:

1.      Aasai Aasma.
2.      Oh Amira.
3.      Samaya.
4.      Best of Deepak Bajracharya.
5.      Geet.
6.      Aashar.
7.      Jhumi Jhumi.
8.      On rush.


Some of the Popular Songs by Deepak Bajracharya:
      1.Oh Amira.
      2. Kati Baschau Maitighar Ma.
      3. Adhyaroma Chauchau Timi.
      4. Kaali Kalli Hissi Pareki.
      5. Samaya.
      6. Ritu.
      7. Ju Ju Na Na.
      8. Timilai Bhuleko Chaina.
      9.  Ritu.
      10. Jhumi Jhumi.



          Avaya and the Steam Injuns        


Established year: 2003 A.D

Members of this band are as provided below:

Rinchen Palzar: Lead Guitarist

Sarik Bogati: Drummer.

Nabin Thapa Magar: Drummer.

TsewangNamgya Chuzang Hyolmo: Bass Guitarist.

Sailendra : Keys

Abhaya Subba Weise: Singer and founder.

Hometown of Band Members: Kathmandu and Darjeeling.

Record label: Yuva and 360 degree Records.

This band is established on 2nd January 2003 A.D. Main duties of this band are to playing live gigs at lounge bars and hotels. It was basically an acoustic blues prior to it kicked off as a rock band. Abhaya Subba Weise is the singer and founder of this band, while in 2004; Rinchen Palzar joined the band as the lead guitarist. Later, Pramod joined the band in mid of 2009 as the bass guitarist and the member named Sarik Bogati lately joined te band than Sarik who have been playing with AATSI earlier for more than two years.

Abhaya had always been characteristic in well known bands such as Red Skywalkers, Parikrama, and Punchtatva but what she had been looking for was a group that would let her express herself completely and have a parallel vision. First album of this band was released in February 2005, was a runaway success and the band handle to slice a niche amongst the adult of the country Nepal. through their groundbreaking second album, Nayan, striking the Nepali charts and taking up a larger listenership, this band has recognized themselves as one of the best that Nepal has ever observe or perceive sound. 

Abhaya and the steam Injuns was nominated for numerous major music awards in Nepal and were reward the honour of being the Number one band of Nepal by media such as Radio Kantipur in 2009 A.D.

However, their best album is yet to release. Band members are in the development of recording their third album and are raring to drive the benchmark and to make music steamy affair thinking, and entertaining. Band performed broadly all over Nepal and has been request to major concerts in Australia, Hong Kong, and India. 



          Adrian Pradhan.        






A Nepalese composer, song writer, singer and vocalist named Adrian Pradhan was born in 18thaugust in the placed called Kalimpong, India.

He speaks as his musical career starts at the time when he was in school and learned music where he involved as a member of a school at St. Augustine, Kalimpong from class one to four as choir. From his childhood he started to play musical instrument like Mouth organ and a keyboard as his first musical instrument. Later he also picked up the guitar in the year 1989A.D; again he switched to drum in 1995 A.D.

He joined a “Eurika” band where he played his first ever gig. This was when he was studying in class ten as a charity show (Social Work) for the Kalimpong Blind School. Subsequent to another band named “Flames” which was featured in sun magazine in Indian Edition and later travel around India.

He came Kathmandu in the year 1994 A.D to teach guitar lessons as well as English at Little Angles school for the three years and then in Galaxy Public School. At the same time he engaged with the band named “1974 AD” as a piano player and worked permanently in the band since 1998 as a drummer, harmonica player and as a vocalist. Later is also released his solo albums named as Aaja, Ballad, Janani and Saath.

 Besides in the field of music he like to watch different movies and he is a huge fan of Brad Pitt, Robert de niro, Jack Back, Al Pacino, priyanka chopra and Amir Khan. He also mentioned that the Sholey and Godfather are his all time favorite movies. Mostly he used to listen to hard rock music like Iron maiden, Deep purple and others. In addition he love Indian classical music and he was a hiking and nature lover as well.
Some of His famous from his bands as well as solos are as enlisted below:

   1.      Parelima.
   2.      Samjhi Baschu.
   3.      Chaubandi Cholo.
   4.      Chudaina.
   5.      Chhayi deu.
   6.      Jungi nishan.
   7.      Malai Bhuli deu.
   8.      Mayalule.
   9.      Nepali.
   10.  Pailo Junima.
   11.  Sambodhan.
   12.  Timilai Piratile.
   13.  Gurasai Phulyo.
   14.  Hidda Hiddai.
   15.  Pinjadako Suga.
   16.  Aaja.
   17.  Sakdina.
   18.  Shishir Jhai.
   19.  Jindagima.
   20.  Nabhana Mero.
   21.  Timi Malai bulideu
   22.  Jindagima.
   23.  Sara Khushi.
   24.  Aakasai ko badal.
   25.  Seer Seer Siri.



          Sudin Pokharel.        


Usually Sudin Pokharel is known as DA 69 in Nepali rap and music world. Everyone wants to talk about Sudin as he used live the place named Biratnagar. The person who lives nearby Sudin even didn’t know about Sudin but now the time has been changed and he gained a lot of popularity in his home town, country and all over the world.

Although He was born in 23rd of February in Kathmandu his home town is in Biratnagar and he lived in the area called saraswati tole, this tole was popularly known to the people because a famous temple named saraswati mandir is in the same place.

The profession of his father is a professor of political science and everyone called Sudin as Pokharel sir ko chora or Pokharel sahib ko chora. In addition, his mother used to work in ophthalmic assistance in Nepal Eye Hospital at Biratnagar. He has a sister who is a web designer who resides in Australia nowadays, so this seems that his childhood was good.

He completed his schooling named School Leaving Certificate (S.L.C) from St Joseph school which is a well known school to all situated at Saraswati Tole Tinpainee, Biratnagar.

He completed his schooling from a popular school named St Joseph’s School located at Sarawatitole Tinpainee Biratnagar. He was considering as an average student. He completed his Intermediate in Arts and Bachelor in Arts in affiliation with Ratna Rajya Campus. Major subject is Mass Communication and Journalism. Later he completed master from Tribhuwan University. He also formed a band with Sugam Pokharel, another popular artist of Music Industry in Nepal. Sudin sang different songs like “Udi Jane Yo Panchi Hoina “with Sugam. They are separated later in the field but still they are good friends. One secret about Sudin Pokharel is that he is called as Diwash Pokheral in his school.


Initially he was a jobless later after join a band with Girish Khatiwada and featured in a album Named “Back Again” A popular song from this album is “Ma yesto chu ma testo chu” help him to keep an image in the Nepalese Musical Industry. . Later he got the job in Kantipur Television Network as the sport newsreader reason of his interest towards sports and having the degree in journalism. Sudin also used to play cricket as the opening bowler and middle order batsman in his local cricket team. His most unforgettable thing is when he was singing in the stage a girl climbed the stage hug him and kiss him in stage. Best of Luck to Sudin Pokharel towards his career and contribution towards the Nepalese Music Industry.




          Dibya Subba        


Profession: Singer.
Members of Dibya’s Band are:
Dibya as vocalist
Ashish as Guitarist.
Regan as Guitarist.
Mandip as Drummer.
Pragyen as Bass Guitarist.
Genre: Blues, Funk Fusion Rock and Pop.
Place of Birth: Dharan Nepal.
Email Id: Dibya_sur@yahoo.com.


Dibya Subba is recognized as a very simple person and feels himself a lucky Person that he says he is in beautiful and sexy world. Always thankful to god creating human being like us. His nature is Peace, love and happy. He is inspired by various rock, punk and heavy metal bands and singers. His join classes with classical music teacher Guru Dev Kamat. This means he likes classical music s well.
Dibya Subba is the famous and well known name in Nepalese music Industry who recorded different songs. Among them “Pachataap” is a super hit number in his countdown. He started his career first as a solo artist but he like to join a band reason he inspired with various western band. Later he joins the band and music career was establish and grew strongly. In one day he met a enthusiasts which was popularly known as The Blue Acidz who suggest a definition of music to him. He is engaged in the band together for more than 4 year. So, they all decided to work in a same banner for the new album. Definitely their hard work and enthusiasms for last one year they are able to struggle their album to others bands and they named their band as “Dibya Subba” and the “Blue Acidz”. This album was released in February of 2011.


Some of the awards received by the Band and the Singer Dibya Subba are as enlisted below:
1 Image FM Best new Artist award at 2062 B.S.
2. Hits FM Best Rock song Composition and best performance by Group or Deo award in 2066.
3. Kalika FM Best new artist award.

Wishing Dibya Subba, band members for such a wonderful contribution to and best of luck to upcoming future Plans to Nepali Music Industry.

          Indira Joshi         


Indira Joshi was born in Lumbini Zone of the Country Nepal where the Lord Gautam Buddha was born. Firstly from Parasi Bazzar in Nawalparasi, her family moved to capital of the country Nepal five years before. Her attitude seems like a holy person reason she was born in the holy palace. Indira’s daily goes for meditation, fade away in deep thinking. The difference is only in means of communicating. Indira’s sing music, creates music, wears music outfit.

She visited various nations for showing her singing talent in concerts, music shows and events. She has millions of fans due to his musical activities as the singer. Conceivably this is the largest possessions, the human being can ever earn.

She starts her career by appearing on Nepali Tara (Signing Star), a musical program organized by the Nepali television a platform in singing, which is also popularly known as the Nepali version of American Idol. Then she takes knowledge and instruction from music producers on how to care for a specific image to the listeners for promoting music career. Furthermore she is able to sing very well, also gained knowledge about speaking and looking well. She has a unique singing style whatever she sings. Her versatility in singing adds value to the listeners as she can sing as usual in different taste of music like she sings modern, metal, classical, pop, folks, and so on, not only in Nepali language, but also in English Language as well. The two songs named “Dance with me” and “udreko choli” are the catchy song which have own taste perceived by the Nepali listeners. In addition, she has recorded her songs in more than one hundred and fifty songs, which is enough to reside in the mind of thousands of fans.

Besides singing she is also good in dancing, that’s why she has given many stages performances internationally and nationally. Thousands of Nepali fans desire to call her as Nepali Shakira which is true reason the way she moves her belly is really amazing like a Shakira. That’s why she also established her image as a dancer in the mind of Nepalese People.
In early phase of her struggle, she started giving her voice in everyday jobs. Jingles were organized by her voice. Indira’s establish her image to become a brand ambassador. Now, she is the famous person of Arihant Travels and Tours’ Malaysian Motorbike and ‘Dimek’ This achievement is possible and linked with her singing success. Indira’s became a famous person by singing. Before she was attracted to media but now it has been inverted- media is attracted to Indira’s. Various magazines and newspapers were roofed by the propel up of her beautiful shoot.  Separately from singing and dancing she has made her icon as marvelous model. Indira’s photograph is profitably featured in lots of Nepali journals and websites like cybersansar and various others
A funny fact about the singer is that her home is rented by her family in Kathmandu. Indira’s friends laugh at her for being too dark and she pronounce she cried a lot over that. Though she laughs at how much time she washed out distressing about being too dark, she frequently uses Fair and Lovely skin whitening cream.
She born in the same country where there is the highest peak of the world called “Mount Everest” She has already staked flags of victory in many height. She has never come again from any base camp till today. It’s sure that her cool and serene nature will be subsequent her to make victorious. No doubt, she is one of the accepted female celebrities in Nepal under top 10 Nepalese women. We music lover wishes all the very best for continually rising success to versatile singer named Indira Joshi.

          Yogendra Mani Dahal:        

Date of Birth: 2023-04-30 B.S
Place of Birth: Madi, Rambeni, Shankhuwasava, Nepal.
Father’s Name: Mohan Mani Dahal.
Mother’s Name: Rukmani Dahal.
Wife Name: Anju Dahal.
Children: A Son Pramit Dahal and a daughter named Pratyukti Dahal.
Education Qualification: Bachelor in Commerce (B.Com) from Nepal Commerce Campus.
Profession: Song writer and Manager of Nepal Bitumen and Udhyog Pvt Ltd.
 Address: Baluwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal.




Awards Received:


 v  Bindabasini Music Award: Best Album in 2068 B.S.
 v  Annapurna Music Award: Best National Song in 2068 B.S.
 v  Annapurna Music Award:  Best Alum in 2067B.S.
 v  Kalika FM Music Award : Best Lyricist in 2069 B.S
 v  Kalika FM Music Award : Best Lyricist in 2067 B.S
 v  Image Award: Best Lyricist in 2064 B.S.
 v  Image Award: BestAlbum in 2067 B.S.
 v  Image Award: Best Song in 2069 B.S.


Yogendra Mani Dahal was born in 2023 Bhadra in Shankhuwashabha, a youngest son of Mohan Mani andRrukmani Dahal Nepal. He was a very talented Song writer of Nepalese Musical Industry.

He was interested in the field of music from his childhood days. He spends most of his childhood days at Biratnagar and completed schooling from Janata Namuna Higher Secondary School at Biratnagar. For studing further he arrives in the capital city of our country Kathmandu. He was awarded in Master in business Degree from Nepal Commerce Campus (NCC) Minbhawan.As he is interested in music from his childhood days he used to take part in the event or programs organized by his school. From the year 2001 A.D he started to write different Nepalese songs. He is mostly inspired from other song writer or lyricist Kali Prasad Rijal, Ratna Shumsher Thapa and others.

In addition, he realed his first album in 2004 A.D named Akshyar. After wards he established as a great lyricist of Nepal and realed six different albums one after another named Players, So Far, YatraI, Smriti, Yatra II and Maya nai maya in 2006, 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013 and 2013 respectively.

In 27th November Smriti album is released where 9 songs are recorded by the singer named Deepesh Kishor Bhattarai, composed by Jems pradhan, Raju Singh and singer himself. The three videos of this album named harpal. Samjhiyera and Timro akhama was directed by Debesh Bhuju, Alok Nembang and Rasoj Shreshta respectively.

He got married with anju dahal and had a son named Pramit and a daughter named Pratyukti Dahal, lives with his family in Balwatar, Kathmandu, Nepal. He is also the vice-president of Lyricist Accosiation of Nepal as well as a manager of Nepal Bitumen and Barrel Udyog, ltd.

          Bhusan Dahal        

 


Born on: 18th May 1966
Nationality: Nepalese.
Occupation: Television and Media Personality.
Marital Status; Married
Popularly known for his television career, a kagbeni debut Movie and a Television Program popularly called “Ghum Gham” Where he travelled the various parts of the world and provide the information related to the country which he travelle

Bhusan dahal was previously called as Tara Bushan Dahal was born in 18th may 1966 A.D. He is not only a media personality but also a video director. He directed more than 400 music videos of the singer, legendary as well as documentary based in Nepal from 1988 A.D. he is presumed for his contribution to the nepali video industry and Nepali television also he is well known by his movie named kagbeni, in which he make his managerial debut after making notable documentaries, music videos, movie and features. 

He has directed for more than Four Hundred music videos of among one hundred Nepali artists like singers, composer, lyricist, arrangers, etc Most especially the singers, among them some artist names are mentioned below:
1. Ram Krishna Dhakal.
2. 1974 A.D.
3. Nima Rumba.
4. Rajesh Payal Rai.
5. Yogeshwor Amatya.
6. Om Bikram Bista.
7. Nhyoo Bajracharya.
8. Nepathya Band.
9. Basanta Chaudhary. and various othe
He anchors in a pop program during the time between 1988 to 1990 A.D. This is only a program of International pop music of the country on Nepal Television popularly known as NTV that time. Later he start Disha Nirdesh program, a program which is based on totally about the political condition run by the Nepal television and anchored by the Bijay Kumar, a another good artist of the country. He also hosting a program named fireside, a current affair talk show run by the Kantipur television since 2003 A.D.
Dahal worked in the Nepal television as the beginner and also the executive producer of Image channel. He also start a business company named “Dibyadristi” which is his own television production venture in Nepal as a executive Director previous to joining Kantipur television as the chief executive producer. 


          Shreya Sotang        


Date of Birth 22nd Feburary

Place of Birth: Kupandole, Lalitpur, Nepal

Qualification: +2 level

Marital status: single

Parents: Udaya Sotang and Manila Sotang.

Occupation: Singer

Awards:  16th Hits FM — Najik Chhaina For Best Female Pop Singer



Singer Shreya Sotang is a Young Talanted Nepali singer of Nepalese musical Indrustry. she is daughter of Udaya Sotang and Manila Sotang who are the well-known and popular Singer of Nepal,They have different lifetime popular numbers like “timi bina bachna garo bho”,”aadhi bato hide pachi timi sanga bhet bhayo” “Chin Chin mai hasna manlagcha”,”Ukali chadaula Orali Jarau la”, Aaja Timro kura chalyo” and so on Their Daughter Shreya Sotang sang song named Polcha Mutu which has been popular suggest by the listeners in short period of time. .


Although her family atmosphere was musical, she was never serious about it. She never dreamt to be singer in her lifetime. But she liked to listen music, is a music lover and mature up listening her dad and mom’s songs but she never notion of recording her own. She became singer after she completed plus two level of education. Afterward on positive things strike in her mind and choose to do a musical album. She is excited and happy today reason She took help of her parents and finally able to recorded various songs.

Shreya likes different kinds of music. Firstly classical music then rock, punk, jazz, heavy Metal and others. In the same way she is the fan of various Nepali, Hindi and English artist. Among them she is the fans of different Nepali singers such as: In female artist she likes Ciney Gurung and Sashi Rawal. In male artist she likes Shiva Pariyar, Hemanta Rana as well as Dharmendra Sewan.

Some of the songs of the artist are as follows:

Najik Chhaina

Polchha Mutu

Timi Hau Kasaiko


We are the fans of Nepalese Music Industry and fan of young talented singer Shreya Sotang as well. Wishing Shreya’s a bright future ahead in not only in Musical Journey but also in personal Life. 




          Rajesh Hamal        

Rajesh Hamal was born in Tansen District of the country Nepal. He is a superstar Nepali Actor. His first movie named “Yug Dheki Yug Samma” where he develops his career as a actor of Nepalese Film Industry. He is popular and well known as a dominant figure in bringing professionalism into the Nepalese Film industry. He has a brother and three sisters.
Frankly speaking about his education, he studied in Nepal in a school named St Xavier English School which lasts only for a year in grade eight, and then he completed rest from the Country Moscow. He graduates as the major subject in English from the Punjab University, India. He is also called that the only actor who completed his education or the most educated actor in the film industry in previous days. Although he is master in English, he hardly talks English language during his interviews, which does not mean that Hamal feel intricate to speak English, only thing is that he loves his national language as well as his mother tongue.
In general he signs up 12 - 15 movies in a year. In 1994 A.D he signed 16 movies which is the maximum number in his countdown. Because of his busy schedule fan says that he didn’t get time to watch his own movies nowadays. As the top actor in Nepalese music industry, Hamal is driven Profit margin for producers.
As we know that the market of Nepal are constraints, all producer and director suggests that no movie can make out the day without roping Hamal into that project. Some of his fans also mentioned that he has not changed his looks to the requirement of the character of the movie. Hamal long hair always as remained as his unique trademark. According to Hindu religion, every son should be shaved clean and cut off their hairs, but Hamal did not consign to follow this ritual which him dispraised by media persons.

          Jwala.Nepal        

Date of Birth: 23rd March 1981
Place of Birth: Cabahil, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Profession: Singer.
Parents: Sangita and Deepak Nepal.
Wife name: Sanjokta Nepal.

Songs of Jwala Nepal
1.      Aaaja Hamro Bhet Bhako Din.
2.      Timi Yesai Lazayeu.
3.      Malai Dherai Dheai Maya.
4.      Barah Bise Bazaraima.
5.      Timi Yesai lazayeu.

 
Jwala Nepal is the Nepali singer in occupation and was born in Cabahil, Kathmandu, Nepal on 23rd of March 1981. He is the youngest son of his parents Sangita and Deepak Nepal. Most of the childhood days he spend in Kathmandu, he is friendly in nature. He is close with his friends; love them not only in good times but also in bad times. He was very crazy in music from his childhood days, that’s why he develops his career as a singer. From the early age he frequently used to listen the song of Deep Shrestha and Nabin K. Bhattarai.

As he spend his childhood days in Kathmandu he finished his schooling from Shahid Smarak School, High School Diploma which is known as Higher Secondary Education or Inter level in Nepal from NIST, completed BBS (Bachelor in Business Studies) and MBS (Master in Business Studies) from Shankardev Campus in affiliation with Tribhuwan University.

Due to his personal Interest in the field of music from his early age he joined a guitar class with Kuber Khadki, at that time he was studying in class six. This was possible only after he got a chance to meet with his guitar teacher in the picnic Program. Taking the help as well as receiving the knowledge from the teacher he was able to record his new song which is the first song called “ Maayako Maanai Jitera” a rap song. Everyone is inspired from a singer, musician, song writer, arranger, composer, etc similarly the same way he was motivated by the rapper named 2Pac Shakur and determined to enter in the field of Rap music.

He released his first album called “Rap Game” with Manoj Sharma. This album was signed under the Reeyaz Music with a music video of famous song named “ Timi Yesai Lazayeu”. Following them also released next song called “True Story”. Soon after he received an opportunity to sing the song of Om Bikram Bista song Called “ Barah Bise Bazzaraima”

He also featured rap songs with the different popular artist as well named Ramcharndra Kafle, DJ Razu, Sitaram Pokhrel, Kris KC, Mausami Gurung, Kranti Aale, etc. He got married with Sanjokta Aryal in 2006. He also performed various musical events and concerts in various parts of the country Dharan, Narayanghat, Kathmandu and other place.

          Nisha Adhikari        

 

Nisha Adhikari was born in 4th October 1989.She was born in the middle class family. She lives with her older brother, mother and a father with dabbu (name of her pet dog). She completed her Cambridge “A” level of Education and started her career as RJ and VJ. She completed her undergraduate degree from Wigan and Leigh College. Currently her profession is as RJ, VJ, Model, and finally a Nepali Actress. She is popular and well known by his fans after her movie named “First Loved” was released and appeared in various music videos. Before entering to the film industry she was involved in modeling and beauty contests.


She won the subtitle of miss personality in 2005; at that timer her age was only 21 years, also the title of miss International Nepal on the same year. Consequently representing Nepal in the miss International 2005 Pageant in Japan. She attached in Miss Nepal 2008 beauty contest but unfortunately beauty pageant was cancelled for the reason that of Maoist and other group protects.


She is involved in the media Industry for the last two and half year. She also went to Pakistan to record two serial programs in the Urdu language. Firstly she debuted as VJ in a television show called Nine to Nine. Followed by Indi mix bag, countdown Kantipur, play it on so on. She played various music videos of various singers like Sugam Pokhrel, Ciney Gurung, and Satya -Sworup Raj Acharya, Sudip Giri and other different Nepali bands.
She starts her acting career in the Kantipur television a comedy serial called “Ghar Peti Ba” at 2009. Mision paisa was her debut film with Nikhil Uprety as a actor. Mission paisa was one of the successful movies of the year at 2010. Subsequently he engaged in different movies after mission paisa named Nainaresham and First Love. Besides this she also engaged in Autism Care Center as a brand Ambassador. In addition she is also worked as a director of youth service for one year in Rotary club of Nagarjun. 



          Aaryan Sigdel        

 

Aaryan Sigdel was born on 5th August 1984. He is the rising star of Nepalese Film Industry. Aryan’s interest in film industry from his childhood days and to become an actor, which was possible because of his inner talent and qualities to be an actor. Recently he is the rising star as a actor in Nepalese Language Movies. He is known because of his good looks and his spontaneous acting quality.



He was born in the place called Dhunche which is situated in the Rasuwa district of the country Nepal. His father name was Ramchandra Sigdel and mother name was Shrada Sigdel. He is the elder son of his parents which was mentioned above. He was born in the Hindu Priest Family. Aaryan have a sister named Yasoda Sigdel, where is reside in Australia nowadays.


 Through the passes of time, his whole family moved to Thankot, Kathmandu later. He started his school life from a school named Dipendra Police School but he completed his schooling which is known as Schooling Leaving Certificate (S,L.C) in Nepal from Mangalodaya Higher secondary School, Thankot. He changed his school from Dipendra Police School to Mangoladaya Higher Secondary School because of the convenient of location. After S.L.C he joined a college named Ratna Rajya Campus to study business which he unable to complete, as he have more interest  in acting career and  decided to take training and classes in the same field.


He adhere the local dance troop called Trikon Kala Kendra. After he joined to Trikon Kala Kendra he performed in various stage program, functions and live Performances. In addition he also starts performing in Streets Plays. He was the main actor in the street plays named Janatako Prajatantra which help him a lot to become known to all and to develop as well as pursue his acting career. This was organized by the company called Pariwartan Nepal which suggests” Changing Nepal” in English language is a theater group where Aaryan used to take acting classes and Lessons.


In addition, he acts in a various Music videos and television commercial advertisement called as TV Ad’s. He also acts in a Nepalese national and private TV’s, Parlee in Kantipur Telivision and a funny side serial named Houseful and Kshitiz. A program called Khushi Pal Var ko furnish him a recognition among his audience.


His portrayal of Parlee in Kantipur Television's comedy serial Houseful and Kshitiz in Nepal Television's television drama Khusi Pal Bharko gave him recognition among Nepali television viewers. He soon appears in a television talent hunt show named “Super Acting Competition” as the host. He was also directed a music video which was possible after he get a chance to work with actress named Saujanya Subba.

          Niruta Singh        

Niruta singh is one of the popular and well known Female Actress of Nepalese Musical Industry. She was born in Darjelling, India. She started her career in 1993 A.D. A popular and famous director named tulsi Ghimire established her as the Number one actress in the Nepalese Film Industry. She signed her first film with tulsi ghimire and became the popular actress in the industry, Later she got the chance to sign nuerious film with other directors.

When Niruta recognised herself that she can be the film actress and have all the traits, qualities of a actreess need to be. She move to nepal after she start working as a actress in the film industry. Frankly speaking his father was the friend of the director named tulsi Ghimire. It was tulsi ghinire the director who brought niruta into the film industry in 1993 A.D. She was the only actress of the camp called ghimire camp, before it was the legandary actress named tripti nadkar, as went on to the play with such hits as rahar. Niruta was able to come into everyone interest from her first film but it was an another movie of Tulsi Ghimire named “Darpan Chaya” that made niruta as famous actress in the nepalese film industry.

On stage a college girl with just six months remain to live, her show received huge gratitude and “Darpan Chaya” went on to turn out to be a huge runaway success of Nepali film industry, profiting NRs 70 million in 2001 A.D, the uppermost collection ever for a Nepali movie. Next to with being a very good actress, she is also a vocalist. She first publicly the recorded title track for director Deepak Raymajhi's NTV family drama succession Vansha and afterward sang for a song album titled Deepshikha. Niruta take a break from acting for two years from 2008 to 2010 for benevolent time to her modest hobby of interior designing in Mumbai, India.




          Surrealism Band        

Members of this band are as enlisted below:
Srijan Bikram Gewali.
Kusang Sherpa.
Prasam Raj Bajracharya.
Suman Prasant.
Amir Shrestha.
Hometown of Band Members: Kathmandu Nepal.

As every people have their own interest in music or let’s say in particular specialization in the same way this band members have different interest and backgrounds of music. This band consists of group of five members from Kathmandu, Nepal. Suman as composer the song,Amir as bass guitarist,Kushang as a guitarist,Prasam as a drummer,Srijan as a lead guitarist.   They are several bands whom they inspired such as Led Zeppelin, Black Sabbath, AC/DC and GNR.
Individual Band Member Details:

Sirjan Bikram Gewali: He was the lead guitarist of this band. He is totally not matched with others band members reason all band members are interested in this field from the childhood age but he was not. Another guitarist Amir influenced Sirjan to take the responsibility of guitarist that’s why he gets involvement in this band. Before taking him as band members he was engaged in other Bands as well and develops his interest towards the lead guitarist and joins with this band named surrealism.


Kusang Sherpa: He was born in Boudha, Kathmandu Nepal; his parents are Furba Chikki Sherpa and Prem Tenzi Sherpa. He was interested in the field of music from his childhood days. He completed his schooling level from Pragya Higher Secondary English Boarding School. He joins Global College of Management after the completion of School Level. He used to take guitar lesion from institute in Baneshwor. He joined the band with his other band members at 2036 B.S.



Prasam Raj Bajracharya: He was born in 2047 B.S. His Parents are Riddhi Bajracharya as a mother and Puspa Raj Bacracharya as a father. He is interested in the field of music from his childhood, especially to play drum. He involve in different musical events after he finished his school. Later he joined this Band with the help of his school friend Suman Prasant.




Suman Prasant: He was born in 9thOctober and he was the youngest son of Pramod Shrestha as a father and Maya Shrestha as a mother. He always used to perform in music program of his school. He was very much interested from the time of his childhood days. He completed his education from Lotus English Boarding School. His relatives and friends support him very well to success in the field of music. After he completed his schooling level, he recorded a song called “Badal Bhaye” which was gifted by his father and composed by his music teacher Biju Bajra.



Amir Shrestha: Amir Shrestha was born in Old Baneshwor Kathmandu, Nepal in 2046 B.S. He joins this Banad as a Bass Guitarist. Like others members of this band except Srijan Bikram Gewali, interested in music from his childhood age. He always used to listen different types of songs and he plays not only a single musical instrument but all kinds of musical instrument. He engaged in different bands for short period of time. Before few years he meets the friends from this band and engaged in this band with being co-operative.



In conclusion, this band introduced a music video with the direction of Sumit P.J.B and music video named as “Sunyatama”. These songs imply a little tragic feeling to the listeners.


          Gopal Yonjan        




Gopal Yonjan
Born: 26thAugust, 1943
Died: 20thMay, 1997
Profession: Lyricist, Musician, Composer and Singer.
Spouse Name: Rinchen Yonjan.

In the history of music Industry of Nepal Gopal Yonjan is popularly known as the lyricist, composer, musician, singer as well as Music arranger in which he composed more than 2000 songs, from modern, folk, classical to western music.

To express the feelings of sadness, happiness and sorrow music play a vital role, also to express ups and downs of the life music works as a medium to express and to convey the meaningful message through melody and musical arrangement. He was born in 2000 B.S. on the day of Nepalese festival named “Janai Purnima”. His father name was Budhiman Yonjan and mother name was Chekudolma Yonjan and was born in the Darjeeling.


He started his musical education in Darjeeling, also he have his own name and fame and identity in the field Nepalese music industry. He received his musical knowledge from Nanodulal Mukharjee in the field of classical music also called “Sastriya Sangeet” in devnagari script.
He received his academic qualification from Tribhuwan University, Nepal and awarded a degree named Master in Arts majoring in Nepali Literature. He also gained Bachelor in Musicology from the same University.

He likes to arrange music of the song more than to compose a new song. He always tries to experiment a new melody to the particular song and try to record the final arrangement which match perfectly to the particular song or the piece of music. He recorded his first song named “Timro Jasto Mutu Mero Pani” in radio Nepal which was a popular and well known song in the field of Nepalese musical industry. He likes his friend named “Karma Yonjan”, Amber Gurung, Sharan Pradhan and Ranjit Gajmer and respects them like the teacher and well wishers. All of the artist are closed friends and related to the same Industry, they only left the great composition and arrangement which can never be forgettable from the heart of Nepalese music lovers, also they are the great person and legendary of their lifetime.

He meets his lifetime friend named Rinchen Yonjan at the time when he was a teacher at Saint Marie’s and Saint Javier’s school. Both Gopal and Rinchen was the teacher of the same school. Therefore, they meet each other every day. When Gopal got an opportunity they went to visit different new places and he also sing a new song for her. They love each other and they got married in 2025 B.S. They have two sons named Nirwan and Ahinsha and a daughter named Sirjana. 




          Anju Panta        




Name: Anju Panta
Date of Birth: 1997
Parents: Mana Maya Bishwakarma and Bishnu Bishwakarma
Marital status: Married with Manojraj Siwakoti
Profession : Singer.

Some Popular songs of Anju Panta are as enlisted Below:
  1   Na Birse Timilai
  2.      Banma Phulyo Phulai Phula.
  3.      Sagar Sari Choko Maya.
  4.      Malai Basuri Le Ruwayo.
  5.      Chodi Janu thiyo Vane.
  6.      Ma pyar Bechidinchu.
  7.      Ma timi Bina Mari Halchu.
  8.      Aaama Sanima  and so on.

Anju Panta was born in 1997. Her parents name was Mana Maya Bishwokarma as a mother and Bishnu Bishwokarma as a father. As we know that only few people have the quality of rich voice and tone. God provide or bless only few people in the world by the good quality of voice. To be a singer one should have the quality of voice which is 90 percent in born talent and 10 percent is made by receiving training or doing practice. We can say that some quality of Singers are inborn in nature and musicians are made after providing training and education, musicians may not have inborn talent at fist. Due to inborn talent she is flourishing as a Nepalese playback singer with rich in melodious voice.


A song named “Nabirse timilai napaye timilai Bina artha dil ma sajaye timilai” is measured one of the best song of her Profession. Because of the popular of only this song she was signed and sung for almost 90 Nepali Melodious songs as well as 20 movies both as a duet or a solo.

In 1998, she competed for the nationwide modern song competition organized by radio Nepal. By considering this event and receiving good response from listeners she realized that she could truly aspire to become a professional singer. She also performed many concerts and stage programs. She sang different song in the movie named “Ma Timi Bina Mari Halchu” as a title song. Movie Saput song named “ Bhun Bhun Bhamara” Dil yo mero dil for the movie Kismat and various other nepali movies.

She meets with Manoj Raj Siwakoti reason he is also a famous classical singer, lyricist of Nepalese Music industry. Anju married with Manoj Raj Siwakoti and they have one daughter. Afterwards they are separated due to some problem and misunderstanding. She noticed that her vocal received honor even from music critics in the song Kampan. She also sang different remake songs named Reli Khola Bhagara, Maitighar which was the already popular songs of past musical Industry from the legendary/

She also received different awards like as Close up Hits FM Music awards in December of 2009 for the title song “Na birse timilai” which includes best record of the year as well as  best female Vocal Performance




          Sugam Pokharel (1MB)         




Date of Birth: September 20th 1979

Age: 33

Profession: Singer, Composer, Musicians, RJ, Model and Songwriter.
Marital Status: Married (Liza Pokharel)

Daughter Name: Angeliza Pokharel.

Awards received: Hits FM Best new Artist award, Top first Pop Singer Award, His Album “School Pathshala” receives album of the Year. In the occasion of 11thAnniversary of radio Kantipur “Radio Rastrako”.

Birthplace: Magalbarray, Morang, Nepal.

The artist named Sugam Pokheral was very talented having with unique voice was popular after when he launched a album named Soonya (1MB), which refers to Zero-Starting Phrase, and 1MB refers to one man Band. He was born in 1979 in Morang, eastern part of the country Nepal, is a famous singer of the Nepalese music Industry. He is not only a singer but also a RJ, Model, musicians and composer. He is the youngest child of the two sisters and two brothers. 



He is very much interested in the music field from his childhood days; when he is free he tried to sing different songs in the gathering and school program. He frequently used to listen in the song of Harish Mathema, Deep Shrestha and Sanjay Shrestha which innocently influenced towards his fortune.

He started his singing profession from his teen age, after receiving a job in Sagarmatha FM as a RJ. Everyone from the remote area come to the capital city of Nepal to continue their studies right after completing S.L.C and to attain their future aim and goals. Similarly Sugam came to Kathmandu, initially he donot think that he came a professional singer, also he have no aim to become a singer, but after recording a song, slowly by slowly he can able to make a new album named Soonya(1MB) in 2057 B.S. He got name and fame as a professional singer, by then he established himself as a professional singer. 



Album Named Highway was released as the second album in which different song named “Kati din”, “Mayako Bato”, “Jaba Din”, and “Sayad” was popular in the Nepalese Music Industry where Song named “Sayad” was composed and written by Anil Singh, another name of a famous singer and the composer of the Nepalese pop music Industry.


Likewise” sutra”, “Sugam Yatra”, and the latest album named “School Pathshala” were the albums by the legendary. A title track named “School Pathshala” was another hit number by the singer reason it memorize childhood-school days of the listeners. He is one of the few nepalese singer who is versatile in nature whose albums provides a hit numbers to the listeners. Not only pop song but also he sang different songs for the Nepalese Film Industry, one popular song named “K Yo Maya ho”. Sometimes listeners also experience that he anchor himself to advertise his own album, also provide different songs and jingles which is comedy in nature.

Some of the Famous songs are as provided below:

     1.       Pheri tyo din.
     2.       Samjhanama.
     3.       Sacheko Maya.
     4.       Yo saajh.
     5.       Kati Din.
     6.       Mayako Bata.
     7.       Jaba Din.
     8.       Bhanekai.
     9.       Maan ko Dailo.
    10.   Jhilke.
    11.   Runna Bhanthe.
    12.   School Pathshala.
    13.   Ma prem Ma.
    14.   Ekantama.
    15.   K Galti  and so on.



          KUTUMBA BAND         


 Number of Band Members: Six

Band Members are:
Shiddhartha Maharjan (Effects)
Kiran Nepali  (Sarangi)
Raju Maharjan (Percussion)
Pavit Maharjan (Percussion)
Arun Manandhar (Tunga)
Rabin K Shrestha (Fute)


No doubt that the word "Kutumba" stands for strong bond, relationship among the society and the unique bond among community  members. Kutumba is a very popular band of nepal, which contains six memever to make a band family, a band which main purpose is to play musical insrument and to show the traditional culture of the nation  worldwide through  live performance instrumently but not by singing the songs.