Coup de cœur Expo : Les Tudors        
Au Musée du Luxembourg jusqu'au 19 juillet Pour la première fois en France, une exposition est consacrée aux Tudors, cette dynastie qui a régné sur l'Angleterre entre 1485 et 1603. Elle met à l'honneur [...]
          DO ÁPICE AO FUNDO DO POÇO EM APENAS UMA TEMPORADA        

Flu (1) pode se juntar ao Milan (2) como campeão num ano e rebaixado no outro




O tradicional Fluminense pode entrar num rol nada agradável neste domingo na última rodada do Brasileiro. O tricolor das Laranjeiras pode se tornar o 60º clube da história do futebol a ser rebaixado para a segunda divisão nacional apenas uma temporada após ter sido campeão. 

Dentre os atuais 59 constam times da grandeza de LDU/EQU, Universidad Católica/CHL, Manchester City/ING, Olympique de Marselha/FRA e Milan/ITA. Entretanto, esses dois últimos caíram por motivos extracampo. 

A equipe inglesa caiu após ser campeão de uma forma curiosa na temporada (1937/38): com saldo positivo de gols, marcando 80 vezes - mais até que o então campeão Arsenal. Entretanto o número de derrotas culminou com a ida à segundona.

Já Olympique (1994) e Milan (1980) foram campeões na temporada anterior e rebaixados na seguinte  em suas respectivas ligas devido a escândalos de manipulação de resultados, que custou até a participação dos franceses da decisão do Mundial Interclubes de 1993.

A Juventus de Turim chegou a ser campeã italiana em 2004/2005 e  na temporada seguinte disputar a Serie B. Contudo, o título da Vecchia Signora foi retirado pela Federação Italiana.

A Noruega e a Suécia são os países em que mais esse tipo de situação aconteceu: 4 vezes. Curiosamente a Finlândia e a Dinamarca aparecem logo a seguir com 3 ao lado de mais alguns outros pelo planeta, fazendo até parece que tal situação estranha é uma especialidade nórdica.

Editado (às 21h10 do dia 08/12/2013): O Fluminense tornou-se o 60º clube a ser rebaixado uma temporada depois de ter sido campeão nacional após a última rodada do Campeonato Brasileiro neste domingo.

Abaixo, a lista dos 60 times que foram do céu ao inferno no intervalo de apenas uma temporada. Entre parênteses, na ordem, os anos em que foram campeões e rebaixados logo a seguir. 


* Alemanha

- 1.FC Nürnberg (1968 - 1969)


* Argélia

- Entente Sportive de Sétif (1987 - 1988)
- USM El Harrach (1998 - 1999)


* Andorra

- Constel-lació Esportiva (2000 - 2000)
Obs.: Rebaixado na mesma temporada por envolvimento em irregularidades financeiras.


* Aruba

- San Luis Deportivo (1984 - 1985)


* Áustria

- FC Tirol Innsbruck (2002 - 2002)
Obs.: Rebaixado pela federação por não ter suas contas aprovadas.


* Brasil

- Fluminense (2012 - 2013)


* Bolívia

- Universitario de La Paz (1969 - 1970)
- Jorge Wilstermann (Apertura 2010 - Clausura 2010)


* Camarões

- Aigle Nkongsamba (1994 - 1995)


* Chile

- Universidad Católica (1954 - 1955)


* Costa Rica

- El Carmen FC (1961 - 1961)
Obs.: Rebaixado na mesma temporada após conflitos com outros clubes e a federação, que formularam a disputa de um "playoff" após o campeonato nacional e que terminou com o atual campeão ficando na última colocação.


* Dinamarca

- KB (1950 - 1951)
- Hvidovre (1973 - 1974)
- Herfølge BK (2000 - 2001)


* Equador

- LDU (1999 - 2000)


* Finlândia

- Ilves-Kissat (1950 - 1951)
- TPV (1994 - 1995)
- Haka Valkeakoski (1995 - 1996)


* França

- Olympique Marseille (1993 - 1994)
Obs.: Rebaixado após escândalos de manipulação de resultados.


* Guiné

- AS Kaloum Star (2007 - 2008)
Obs.: Rebaixado após dois WO's no campeonato por problemas contratuais com patrocinadores.


* Guiné-Bissau

- UDIB (2003 - 2004)
Obs.: Rebaixado após WO's nas duas primeiras rodadas da temporada
- Atlético Bissorã (2011 - 2013)
Obs.: Não houve competição em 2012.


* Holanda

- RC Heemstede (1953 - 1954)


* Ilhas Faroe

- B71 (1989 - 1990)


* Indonésia

- PSIS (1999 - 2000)
- Petrokimia Putra (2002 -2003)
- Persebaya (2004 - 2005)
Obs.: Rebaixado após se recusar a disputar a última partida do playoff em 2005.


* Inglaterra

- Manchester City (1937 - 1938)


* Irlanda

- Shelbourne (2006 - 2006)
Obs.: Rebaixado pela federação por não ter as contas aprovadas.


* Israel

- Hapoel Kfar-Saba (1982 - 1983)
- Hapoel Tel-Aviv (1988 - 1989)


* Itália

- Milan (1979 - 1980)
Obs.: Rebaixado após escândalos de manipulação de resultados.


* Jamaica

- Violet Kickers (1996 - 1997)


* Luxemburgo

- Union Luxembourg (1927 - 1928)


* Macau

- Monte Carlo (2008 - 2009)
Obs.: Rebaixado após divergências com a federação e com o Macau FC.


* Malta

- Rabat Ajax (1986 - 1987)


* México

- Marte (1954 - 1955)


* Nigéria

- Stationery Stores (1992 - 1993)
Obs.: Rebaixado após vários WO's nos jogos fora de casa.
- Shooting Stars (1998 - 1999)
- Bayelsa United (2009 - 2010)


* Noruega

- Freidig (1948 - 1949)
- Fram (1950 -1951)
- SK Brann (1963 - 1964)
- Lyn (1968 - 1969)


* País de Gales

- Barry Town (2003 - 2004)
- Rhyl (2009 - 2010)
Obs.: Rebaixado após não conseguir a licença para a disputa da nova liga criada.


* Polônia

- Ogniwo Bytom (1954 - 1955)
Obs: Rebaixado após fundir-se com o Szombierki Bytom e mudar seu nome para Polonia Bytom.


* República do Congo

- Saint Michel de Ouenzé (2010 - 2011)


* República Dominicana

- Deportivo Pantoja (2001 - 2002)
- Baninter/Jarabacoa (2003 - 2005)
Obs.: Não houve competição em 2004.


* Rússia (então União Soviética)

- CDSA Moscou (1951 - 1952)
Obs.: Rebaixado pela federação após a pífia participação soviéticas nas Olimpíadas de 1952, no qual o time era a base da seleção de futebol.


* Santa Lúcia

- Roots Alley Ballers (2009 - 2010)


* San Marino

- La Fiorita (1990 - 1991)


* Suécia

- Helsingborgs IF (1934 - 1935)
- GAIS (1954 - 1955)
- Djurgårdens IF (1959 - 1960)
- IFK Göteborg (1969 - 1970)


* Uzbequistão

- MHSK Tashkent (1997 - 1998)


* Vietnã

- Cang Saigon (2002 - 2003)





Foto 1: André Durão - Globoesporte.com
Foto 2: Autor desconhecido

          State Street helps M&G with Brexit solutions        
The US custodian said it helped M&G launch its Luxembourg-based Sicav
          Actoria se développe au Luxembourg        

  COMMUNIQUE DE PRESSE Fribourg, le 10 décembre 2015. Le Groupe Actoria poursuit son implantation à l’international,  ouvre un nouveau bureau dans le Grand-Duché du Luxembourg et a décidé d’en confier la responsabilité  à Thierry de Poerck. Thierry de Poerck est

The post Actoria se développe au Luxembourg appeared first on Actoria Conseil.


          'Thriller' Songwriter Rod Temperton Dies At 66        
Rod Temperton has been called pop music's "Invisible Man" because few knew his name. But his songs were megahits in the 1970s and 80s. Along with big hair, wide lapels and bell bottoms, his music helped define the disco era. Temperton died of cancer last week in London, according to a statement from his publisher. He was 66. Temperton wrote such hits as "Thriller," "Rock with You," and "Boogie Nights." But even disco had songs that were layered with great harmonies and robust horn parts. Temperton's ability to craft a song with funk and soul earned him comparisons to Stevie Wonder. Temperton grew up on the northeast coast of England. He said he went to sleep listening to Radio Luxembourg as child. After school he worked at a frozen fish factory. He taught himself how to play drums and keyboards. His professional career was launched when he answered an ad for a keyboard player in Melody Maker magazine. He not only got the job, but the songs he wrote for the band Heatwave were huge hits.
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Melody Rose Christmas        
We are getting ready for Christmas and thought we’d let you know, we’ve updated our last posting dates for you here. LAST CHRISTMAS POSTING DATES   UK – Dec 21st 2016 or 22nd Dec 2016 for Express Delivery Austria, Denmark, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg – December 16th 2016 USA/Canada/Finland for Christmas 2016 – 15th Dec […]
          Benelux trip – Useful links        
Luxembourg
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Luxembourg
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Luxembourg_(city) 
Luxembourg tourism: http://www.visitluxembourg.com
Luxembourg card: http://www.visitluxembourg.com/en/entities-luxembourg-card
Luxembourg train planner: http://www.cfl.lu/en/home
Luxembourg bus planner: http://travelplanner.mobiliteit.lu/hafas/query.exe/en?
Luxembourg city bus route: http://www.vdl.lu/Mobilit%C3%A9/Autobus/Horaires_+lignes+et+trajets-p-158686/Les+31+lignes+d_autobus.html
Luxembourg city bus map: http://www.vdl.lu/vdl_multimedia/Mobilit%C3%A9/autobus/Plan+du+r%C3%A9seau+AVL.pdf
Transport from Luxembourg airport: http://www.lux-airport.lu/en/Access--park/By-bus.4.html
Casemates bock: http://www.lcto.lu/en/place/monument/bock-casemates

Vianden
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Vianden
Vianden tourism: http://www.vianden-info.lu/english/home 
Vianden castle: http://www.castle-vianden.lu/english

Echternach
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Echternach
Echternach tourism: http://www.echternach-tourist.lu/en
Echternach walk: http://echternach-tourist.lu//sites/echternach-tourist.lu/files/files/CULTURAL%20WALK%20EN.pdf

Belgium
Rail: http://www.belgianrail.be/en/Default.aspx 

Brussels
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Brussels
Brussel Metro map: https://www.brussels.be/dwnld/74415427/Plan_M_10-2015.pdf

Ghent
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Ghent
Ghent tourism: https://visit.gent.be/en/home
Ghent tram map: https://static.delijn.be/Images/Stadsnet%20Gent13%20maart%202016_tcm5-5313.pdf

Bruges
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Bruges
Bruges tourism: https://bezoekers.brugge.be/en
Bruges city card: https://bezoekers.brugge.be/en/bruggecitycard

Antwerp
Wikitravel: http://wikitravel.org/en/Antwerp
Antwerp tourism: http://www.visitantwerpen.be
Antwerp bus map: https://static.delijn.be/Images/Antwerpen%20centrum%201op7500_tcm5-5301.pdf
Antwerp tram map: https://static.delijn.be/Images/Flanders%20Tramschema_tcm5-5304.pdf

Netherlands
Rail: http://www.ns.nl/en 


          Benelux trip – Prologue        
I have mentioned in 2013 Europe Epilogue that I would love to return to Europe if there is cheap airfare. We almost visit Eastern Europe in Mar 2016 but due to hubby's work commitment, we forfeited our Lufthansa air tickets of $736.

Swiss Airline is having irresistible airfare to Europe from $777 with the addition of Boeing 777-300ER into their aircraft fleet. I was so tempted and persuade hubby to visit Central Europe in May 2017. Then I plan another trip to Europe this year and decided on Benelux (Belgium, Netherlands & Luxembourg) after discussing with my sis who will be my travel partner for this trip. We have split the planning so I will research on Luxembourg and Belgium while my sis will research on Netherlands.
Destinations in Benelux

As Swiss airline flies direct from Singapore to Zurich, it involves transiting in Zurich before continuing to other European cities. As the open jaw ticket is about the same price as the round trip ticket, it's make sense to buy an open jaw ticket to save travelling time and save on the transport cost back to the starting point.

Luxembourg card comes in 1, 2 or 3 days card and includes free access to over 70 museums and free train and buses on the national public transport network. The Luxembourg card is available from the Tourist Office in Luxembourg city or can be purchased online with a postage charge of â‚¬3. As there is no Tourist Office in the airport, I decided to purchase it online as the single trip bus ticket (€2) from the airport to hotel is included in the Luxembourg card. I received the card in registered mail within a week after ordering online.

From Luxembourg, we will be taking inter city train to Brussels which takes 3hr. Advance booking is not necessary since the train departs hourly and no seat reservation is required. The train from Luxembourg will stops at all the 5 stations in Brussels: Bruxelles-Luxembourg, Bruxelles Schuman/Brussel Schuman, Brussel Noord/ Bruxelles Nord (Brussels-North)Bruxelles Central/ Brussel Centraal and Bruxelles Midi (Brussels-South).

Prior reservation and booking for intercity train within Belgium is not required hence I will be purchasing the train tickets on the spot. There is a rail pass which cost â‚¬76 and is valid for 10 journeys in 2nd class within any destination in Belgium. This can be use by 1 or more passengers. However I did not purchase the rail pass as the total trips we will be taking is less than 10 journeys so it's not worth purchasing.

In Brussel, we will get around using Metro. I will buy single trip ticket instead of Metro pass since we will be only taking 3 Metro rides. In Ghent, Bruges and Antwerp, we will get around using tram and bus. I have calculated that Lijn card (€14 for 10 rides) is cheaper compared to single trip ticket which cost â‚¬3. 

In Bruges, I will be getting the 48 hours Brugge City Card which included free admission to many attractions and include canal boat ride (sailings guaranteed from 1 Mar to 15 Nov). The Brugge City Card can be purchased in Bruges at the official tourist information offices: Historium, Station and Concertgebouw (Concert Hall). 

Then from Antwerp to Amsterdam, I have booked the Thalys train which will takes 1hr compared to intercity train which takes 2hrs. The reservation opens 3 months in advance and fares start from â‚¬29. As we only confirmed this trip 2 months earlier, the cheapest fare was not available. Although the fare which we booked is â‚¬8 more expensive than the intercity train, we still proceed with booking Thalys train to save travelling time.

We will be getting the OV-chipkaart and Unlimited GVB travel ticket (48 hours) from Amsterdam Schipol airport. The OV-chipkaart works like our Ezlink card and is valid for bus, tram and train rides. It has a non refundable deposit of â‚¬7.50. We will be using Unlimited GVB travel ticket in Amsterdam and OV-chipkaart outside Amsterdam.

My sis has purchased the tickets for Madurodam online since it's â‚¬2 cheaper. She has also bought the tickets for Amsterdam highlights (Adam Lookout, Blue Boat and Heineken Experience) online to avoid the queue.   

Throughout the 14 days trips, we will be staying at the ibis hotels except in Brussels. I have budgeted S$100 per room per day and the hotels which we will be staying is within 10 min walking distance to the train stations except the hotel in Amsterdam. We choose not to stay in Amsterdam Central as the accommodation is at least S$200 per night. We end up booking 5 nights stay at the airport Ibis budget hotel which is 15min train ride to Amsterdam Central. Since we will only be spending 2 days in Amsterdam Central with the remaining 3 days at Hague, Haarlem and Zaanse Schans, we save significantly even after deducting the transport to and fro Amsterdam Central. Breakfast is not included in all the hotels except ibis Styles Luxembourg Centre Gare.

Itinerary for this trip:

Day 1: Reach Luxembourg at 10.05am (GMT+2)
Attractions: Monument of Remembrance, Casemates Bock, Neumünster Abbey, Barrio Grund, Corniche and old town, Viaduc (Passerelle), Place Guillaume II, Hotel de Ville (City Hall), Cathédrale Notre-Dame, Grand Ducal Palace
Accommodation: ibis Styles Luxembourg Centre Gare (€72)
Transport & Pass: 2 days Luxembourg card (€20)

Day 2: Vianden & Echternach
Attractions: Trinitarian church, Vianden Chairlift, Vianden Castle, Echternach Old Abbey, Echternach Town Square
Accommodation: ibis Styles Luxembourg Centre Gare
Transport & Pass: 2 days Luxembourg card

Day 3: Brussels
Attractions: Parc du Cinquantenaire-Jubelpark, Espace Léopold (European Parliament), Place Royale (Royal Palace of Brussels), Palais de Justice/Justitiepaleis (Law Courts of Brussels), Atomium
Accommodation: Maxhotel (€59)
Transport & Pass: Train from Luxembourg to Brussel Noord (€41), Single trip metro ticket (€2.10 per ride)

Day 4: Brussels
Attractions: Jeanneke-Pis, Cathedrale St-Michel et Ste-Gudule (St. Michael and St. Gudula Cathedral), Les Galeries Royales Saint-Hubert, Grand Place-Grote Markt, Manneken Pis, The Bourse
Accommodation: Maxhotel

Day 5: Ghent
Attractions: Sint-Elisabeth Begijnhof, Het Gravensteen (Castle of the Counts), Patershol, Kraanlei, Graslei, Het Groot Vleeshuis, St Michael's Bridge, Korenmarkt Gent (Post Plaza), Sint-Niklaaskerk (St Nicholas's Church), Stadhuis (Ghent Market Hall), Belfort en Lakenhalle (Belfry and Cloth Hall), Sint-Baafskathedraal (St. Bavo's Cathedral), Langemunt (Shopping Street)
Accommodation: ibis budget Brugge Centrum Station (€54)
Transport & Pass: Train from Bruxelles Nord to Gent-Sint-Pieters (€14), Train from Gent-Sint-Pieters to Bruges (€6.60), Lijn card (€14)

Day 6: Bruges
Attractions: Grote Markt, Belfry, Brug Square, Stadhuis, Basilica of the Holy Blood, Choco-Story Museum, Lumina Domestica (Lamp Museum), The Friet Museum, Ezelpoort (Donkey's Gate)
Accommodation: ibis budget Brugge Centrum Station
Transport & Pass: Lijn card, Brugge City Card 48 hours (€47)

Day 7: Bruges
Attractions: Koeleweimolen (Koelewei Mill), Sint-Janshuismolen (Sint-Janshuis Mill), Diamant Museum, Brewery De Halve Maan, Beguinage, St. John's Hospital, Onze Lieve Vrouwkerk (Church of Our Lady Bruges)
Accommodation: ibis budget Brugge Centrum Station
Transport & Pass: Lijn card

Day 8: Antwerp
Attractions: Cogels Osylei, MAS Museum aan de Stroom, Vlaaikensgang, Cathedral of Our Lady (Onze Lieve Vrouwekathedraal), City Hall/Old Market Square (Stadhuis/Grote Markt), Saint Paul's Church (Sint-Paulusparochie), Carolus Borromeus Church (St. Carolus Borromeuskerk)
Accommodation: ibis budget Amsterdam Airport  (€62)
Transport & Pass: Train from Bruges to Antwerp (€15), Lijn card, Thalys from Antwerp to Schiphol Airport (€40)

Day 9: Zaanse Schans, Amsterdam
Attractions: Zaanse Schans Windmills, Inntel Hotels Amsterdam Zaandam, A’DAM Lookout, Heineken Experience 
Accommodation: ibis budget Amsterdam Airport
Transport & Pass: OV-chipkaart

Day 10: The Hague
Attractions: Madurodam, Statue of Willam of Orange, Binnenhof, Ridderzaal, Noordeinde Palace, Museumcafé Panorama Mesdag, Vredespaleis (Peace Palace)
Accommodation: ibis budget Amsterdam Airport
Transport & Pass: OV-chipkaart

Day 11: Amsterdam
Attractions: Zevenlandenhuizen, Rijksmuseum, Begijnhof 34, Schuttersgallery, Bloemenmarkt, Munttoren, Church of Saint Nicholas, Trompettersteeg, Singel 7, Python Bridge, De Gooyer
Accommodation: ibis budget Amsterdam Airport
Transport & Pass: Unlimited GVB travel ticket 48 hours (€12.50)

Day 12: Amsterdam
Attractions: Albert Cuyp Market, NAP bezoekerscentrum, Nationale Opera & Ballet, Houseboat Museum, Electric Ladyland Fluorescent Art, Torensluis, Royal Palace Amsterdam
Accommodation: ibis budget Amsterdam Airport
Transport & Pass: Unlimited GVB travel ticket 48 hours 

Day 13: Harleem, Depart Amsterdam at 8.05pm (GMT +2)
Attractions: Corrie Ten Boomhuis, Hofje In den Groenen Tuin, St. Bavo Church, Town Hall Haarlem, Haarlem, Station
Transport & Pass: OV-chipkaart

Budget for this trip is S$2,400:
- S$550 for accommodation
- S$300 for transportation
- S$200 for admission fees and pass
- S$850 for meals
- S$500 for souvenirs & shopping
>>Day 1: 16 Sep 16

          Benelux trip         
Benelux trip â€“ Prologue
Benelux trip â€“ 16 Sep 16 (Luxembourg City)
Benelux trip â€“ 17 Sep 16 (Vianden & Echternach)
Benelux trip â€“ 18 Sep 16 (Brussels)
Benelux trip â€“ 19 Sep 16 (Brussels)
Benelux trip â€“ 20 Sep 16 (Ghent)
Benelux trip â€“ 21 Sep 16 (Bruges)
Benelux trip â€“ 22 Sep 16 (Bruges)
Benelux trip â€“ 23 Sep 16 (Antwerp)
Benelux trip â€“ 24 Sep 16 (Zaanse Schans, Amsterdam)
Benelux trip â€“ 25 Sep 16 (The Hague)
Benelux trip â€“ 26 Sep 16 (Amsterdam)
Benelux trip â€“ 27 Sep 16 (Amsterdam)
Benelux trip â€“ 28 Sep 16 (Harleem)
Benelux trip â€“ Epilogue
Benelux trip â€“ Useful links
          Fonds européen de développement régional (FEDER)        

Fonds européen de développement régional (FEDER)

Description :
Créé en 1975, le Fonds européen de
développement régional (FEDER) est un
instrument financier de l'Union européenne qui
favorise la réduction des disparités régionales
et le développement équilibré des régions
européennes en attribuant des subventions
aux acteurs locaux de régions en difficulté,
dans le cadre de programmes de
développement établis en partenariat entre
l'Union européenne, les Etats membres et les
collectivités territoriales.

br>

Le FEDER concentre son action sur le soutien
au développement des régions les moins
prospères (objectif 1 des Fonds structurels) et
la relance économique et social des zones en
difficulté structurelle (objectif 2).



ACTIONS FINANCÉES




  • - Actions principales :

    *
    l'Emploi et le développement économique
    Il s'agit de soutenir la création d'emplois,
    l'attractivité économique d'un territoire (dont
    le tourisme), le développement, la création et
    la reprise d'entreprises, la reconversion des
    activités, la formation des salariés... En
    moyenne, les mesures de ce type représentent
    environ 2/3 des fonds structurels dans les
    DOCUP.


    *l'Aménagement du territoire régional :
    Ce thème concerne, selon les régions, des
    zones rurales et des zones urbaines en
    difficulté, avec près d'un quart du total des
    crédits communautaires.
    Il vise le soutien aux démarches territoriales
    (Pays, parcs naturels régionaux...), le tourisme,
    l'environnement, la valorisation du patrimoine,
    l'ingénierie de projet territorial, les réseaux de
    transport, l'amélioration de la qualité de
    vie...


    * le Développement rural :
    Cela concerne le développement du secteur
    agricole (investissements dans les
    exploitations agricoles ou le secteur de la
    transformation des produits agricoles), la
    commercialisation des produits agricoles de
    qualité, la gestion des ressources en eau, les
    services de remplacement, le remembrement,
    les infrastructures rurales, la rénovation des
    villages et la protection du patrimoine rural, la
    protection de l'environnement dans le cadre de
    l'agriculture et de la sylviculture, ainsi que la
    gestion de l'espace naturel.
    Le développement rural prend une place non
    négligeable et peut représenter 15% du total
    des crédits communautaires dans des régions
    fortement dépendantes de l'activité agricole. br>


  • - Initiatives communautaires :


    Le FEDER finance également l'initiative
    communautaire INTERREG III (coopération
    entre régions de l'Union européenne) et
    l'initiative URBAN II (développement durable
    des villes et banlieues en crise).

    li>


  • - Actions innovatrices :


    Les actions innovatrices permettent d'explorer
    de nouvelles orientations pour la politique
    régionale, comme l'économie régionale fondée
    sur la connaissance et l'innovation
    technologique, la société de l'information au
    service du développement régional (eEurope-
    regio), ou l'identité régionale et le
    développement durable.




    THÈMES PRÉFÉRENTIELS br>

  • - Pour 2000-2006, priorité est donnée aux
    investissements productifs permettant la
    création ou le maintien d'emplois, aux
    infrastructures, aux initiatives de
    développement local et aux activités des
    petites et moyennes entreprises.
  • br>

  • - Les axes de développement sont les
    transports, les technologies de
    communication, l'énergie, l'environnement, la
    recherche et l'innovation, les infrastructures
    sociales, la formation, la réhabilitation urbaine
    et la reconversion industrielle, le
    développement rural, la pêche, ou encore le
    tourisme et la culture.




    FINANCEMENT


  • - budget : la France bénéficie, au titre du
    FEDER, de 17,2 milliards d'euros pour la
    période 2000-2006

  • - la participation financière communautaire
    s'élève à 75% au maximum des coûts pour les
    projets développés dans les zones d'objectif 1
    (80 à 85% dans certains cas), à 50% pour les
    projets développés en zone d'objectif 2 et à
    des taux réduits (maximum compris entre 15
    et 35%) pour les investissements en
    entreprise.

  • - dans chaque pays, les autorités nationales
    compétentes gèrent les crédits du FEDER. En
    France, la Délégation à l'aménagement du
    territoire et à l'action régionale (DATAR)
    coordonne l'intervention du FEDER. Sa gestion
    financière est assurée par la Direction générale
    des collectivités locales (DGCL) du ministère de
    l'Intérieur.

Conditions :
Les pays éligibles sont ceux de l'Union
européenne: Allemagne, Autriche,
Belgique, Chypre, Danemark, Espagne, Estonie,
Finlande, France, Grèce, Hongrie, Irlande,
Italie, Lettonie, Lituanie, Luxembourg, Malte,
Pays-Bas, Pologne, Portugal, République
tchèque, Royaume-Uni, Slovénie, Slovaquie,
Suède.


    Peut participer :
  • - une collectivité locale, une chambre
    consulaire, un organisme de formation, une
    PME, un syndicat, une association...

  • - le projet doit concerner une zone
    éligible au
    titre de l'un des objectifs 1 ou 2 des Fonds
    structurels, d'INTERREG III ou de URBAN II. li>

Nom du contact : Marc Gastambide - Conseiller de l'Equipe Europe et relations
Email : info@datar.gouv.fr
Site Internet : http://www.datar.gouv.fr

          Pay Up, Or Else It's Luxembourg For You        
none
          Saviez-vous que le passeport suédois est le plus puissant au monde?         
passeport 
Saviez-vous que le passeport suédois est le plus puissant au monde?

Un passeport permet d’être un citoyen du monde-mais certains pensent qu’il devrait également travailler pour vous.
Par exemple, vous rendre riche, et vous permettre de voyager en toute tranquillité. Le passeport devrait être un peu comme une carte de crédit exclusive avec beaucoup d’avantages, profits de travail et d’énormes d’autres points.
De nouvelles recherches ont prouvé que le passeport suédois est le plus puissant au monde, car il est capable de vous faire entrer dans 176 des 199 pays du monde sans visa.
Nomad Capitalist, un cabinet d’experts-conseils, qui a récemment classé les passeports de 199 pays différents, confirme que la Suède et l’Allemagne se sont classées au premier rang dans le monde, l’Afghanistan en dernier et les Etats-Unis à la 35ème place.
Les passeports des pays ont été jugés en fonction de l’avantage qu’ils apportent en termes de voyages sans visa, d’impôts internationaux, de réputation mondiale mais aussi de capacité de détenir une citoyenneté double ou multiple et de liberté personnelle.
La Belgique, l’Espagne, l’Italie et l’Irlande sont classés derrière  la Suède.
Non seulement les Suédois peuvent visiter 176 pays sans visa, mais ils bénéficient également «de la capacité d’échapper facilement aux impôts suédois en se déplaçant à l’étranger», selon le rapport.
Les expatriés suédois peuvent facilement «échapper aux taxes élevées en Suède et aller vivre ailleurs où il y a des impôts moins élevés sans beaucoup de prises de tête», explique Andrew Henderson, le vétéran voyageur, entrepreneur et blogueur qui a fondé Nomad.
« Peu de gens se livrent à des combats avec les Suédois Â», a déclaré Henderson dans une vidéo postée mercredi .

Ci-dessous  la liste des 10 plus puissants passeports du monde avec le nombre de pays où ils peuvent vous faire accéder sans visas…

  1. Suède  109
  2. Belgique 108
  3. Italie  107.5
  4. Espagne  107.5
  5. Irlande  107
  6. Finlande  106.5
  7. Allemagne  106.5
  8. Danemark  106
  9. Suisse  106
  10. Luxembourg 106
 Afrikmag

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 11-17-2015 with Barry Roark        
Playlist:

La Luz- Dont Wanna Be Anywhere - Weirdo Shrine
One Fire- Rome - Luxembourg Sounds Like
Low- No Comprende - Ones And Sixes
Jos James- Fine And Mellow - Yesterday I Had The Blues The Music Of Billie Holiday
Fine Young Cannibals- Wade In The Water - Wade In The Water 12
DeVotchKa- Queen Of The Surface Streets - Una Volta
The Chills- I Love My Leather Jacket - Kaleidoscope World
- voicebreak -
Two Tone Wolf Pack- Runnin - Crooked Medicine EP
Junip- Your Life Your Call - Junip
Joi- Fulfilment In Dub - Joi Sound System
Brian Eno- The Big Ship - Another Green World
11 Acorn Lane- Sugar And Cream - Time For Tea
Soulive- Something - Rubber Soulive
The Little Monsters- All You Need Is Love feat Jason Lytle - All Together Now Beatles Stuff For Kids Of All Ages
The Little Monsters- Hello Goodbye feat Steve Conte - All Together Now Beatles Stuff For Kids Of All Ages
Mike Scott- Beatles Reunion Blues - Bring em All In
Public Enemy- Give Peace A Damn - Man Plans God Laughs
Giant Giant Sand- Thing Like That - Return To Tucson
- voicebreak -
The Horse Flies- Baghdad Children - Until The Ocean
StewJim Allen- BroadwayLose This Skin - The Sandinista Project
Mary Gauthier- Cant Find The Way - Between Daylight And Dark
The Walkabouts- Forever Gone - Nighttown Deluxe Edition
Skylab- Mothers Milk - 2 1999 Large As Life And Twice As Natural
A Tribe Called Quest- Award Tour - Midnight Marauders
Gene Clark- Silent Crusade - Two Sides To Every Story
Jason Lytle- Your Final Setting Sun Australian Acoustic Bonus Track - Dept Of Disappearance Deluxe Edition
- voicebreak -
Joi- Joi Bani - Joi Sound System
Ryan Bingham- Southside Of Heaven - Mescalito
- voicebreak -
Jack Eliza- On Again - Gentle Warnings
Talk Talk- John Cope - Asides And Besides
Tindersticks- Elevator - Les Salauds Bande Originale Du Film


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-11-17
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 08-04-2015 with Barry Roark        
Playlist:

Brian Eno- Dead Finks Dont Talk - Here Come The Warm Jets
Nick Waterhouse- Aint There Something That Money Cant Buy - Holly
Bay Uno- Santiago - Catalina
Hot Chip- Started Right - Why Make Sense
CONSOLIDATED- Dysfuntion Relationship Remix - Nettwerk Sound Sampler Vol Iii
Chastity Belt- Trapped - Time To Go Home
Sound Iration- Melody Roots Part 2 - Sound Iration In Dub
- voicebreak -
Various Artists- So Flute St Germain - DJ Smash Presents Phonography 2
Rapidgrass- Im Not Going Im Gone - Crooked Road
Fatboy Slim- Demons - Halfway Between The Gutter And The Stars
Buffalo Daughter- Socks Drugs Rock N Roll - Morning Becomes Eclectic
Xperience Zikki Carr Jesus Chris Candidt Free Whiskey Hash Adams Swamp Tiger Miz Ang P Heretic Shellz Sck Luvva J- Jumpkick The Legs - All Your Friends Friends
- voicebreak -
Monophonics- Find My Way Back Home - Sound Of Sinning
The Very Best- Mwana Wanga - Makes A King
Various Artists- Portishead Requiem For Anna - Monsieur Gainsbourg Revisited
Various Artists- Tupelo Moon - 10 MORE YEARS
Sound Imperium- Blessed And Dubbed - PreEmptive Dub Attack
The Yardbirds- Shapes Of Things - Mojo Presents DavdHeroesBowie
- voicebreak -
Sounds From The Ground- Slate Grey - 20 Years Of The Best Sounds From The Ground
Dave Dresden- Fools Gold rabbit In The Moons Message To The Majors - Provacative Progressive
Phaedra- Half Human - Blackwinged Night
Teenage Fantasy- Cherokee - Luxembourg Sounds Like
The House Of Love- Beatles And Stones - House Of Love
Material Issue- Valerie Loves Me - International Pop Overthrow
Various Artists- The Escape - SC100 Secretly Canadians 100th Release
Various Artists- Upstate - SC100 Secretly Canadians 100th Release
Georgia Hubley- Movies In My Head - The 6ths Wasps Nests
The 6ths- When Im Out Of Town - Wasps Nests
Maribou State- Natural Fools - Portraits
Twinsmith- Said And Done - Alligator Years
Various Artists- G Alan Isakov Unwritable Girl - PS3
As One- Music Is An Open Sky - 21st Century Soul
As One- In The Arms Of You - 21st Century Soul


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-08-04
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 07-06-2015 with Tonja Loendorf        
Playlist:

Orchestra Baobab- Werente Serigne - Pirates Choice
Flavia Coelho- Pai De Santo feat Woz Kaly - Mundo Meu
- voicebreak -
Compilation- Love Is Blue - 60s Gold
Captain Planet- Tudo De Bom feat Samira Winter Nevilton - Esperanto Slang
The Paradise Bangkok Molam International Band- - 21st Century Molam
Andre Hajj Ensemble- MahIqaa - Discover World Music With ARC Music
Aster Aweke- Eyoha - Kabu
Ben Masekese- A Message I Will Take You - I Have No Everything Here
- voicebreak -
Hossam Ramzy- Ashan Battootah - Sabla Tolo 4 Tak Raka Takum
Modou Tour Ramon Goose- Lolambe - The West African Blues Project
Little Helen Rose- Trouble Holding Back Live - Live At The Monkey Room EP
Modou Tour Ramon Goose- We Walk In The Sahara - The West African Blues Project
- voicebreak -
YoungHolt Unlimited- Soulful Strut - The Definitive YoungHolt Unlimited
Rod Piazza And The Mighty Flyers- Emergency Situation - Emergency Situation
JD McPherson- Its All Over But The Shouting - Let The Good Times Roll
Kentucky Headhunters Johnnie Johnson- Walking With The Wolf - Meet Me In Bluesland
Papa Mali- Lonesome Road - Music Is Love
Nathan James- Look Before I Leap - Hear Me Calling
Reverend Freakchild- Its Gonna Be Alright - Hillbilly ZenPunk Blues
Sonny Landreth- Walkin Blues - Bound By The Blues
- voicebreak -
Charlie Musselwhite- Good Blues Tonight - I Aint Lyin
Babasonicos- Los Calientes - Jessico
Edward Sharpe The Magnetic Zeros- Fiya Wata - Here
Frank Zappa- Cosmic Debris - Zappa Plays Zappa
A A Bondy- Skull Bones - Believers
Sufjan Stevens- Carlyle Lake - The Avalanche
CONGA CLUB- Welcome To The Conga Club - WELCOME TO THE CONGA CLUB
- voicebreak -
Cliff Nobles Co- The Horse - Old N Golden Jamie Records Hits Of The Sixties
Miraculous Mule- White Denim - Mojo Proudly Presents Physical Graffiti Redrawn
Liz De Lux- Sur Le Dancefloor - Le Pop 8
Marco Benevento- If I Get To See You At All - Swift
They Might Be Giants- Good To Be Alive - Glean
Matthew E White- Rock Roll Is Cold - Fresh Blood
VERUCA SALT- Officially Dead - Resolver
- voicebreak -
Percy Faith And His Orchestra- Theme From A Summer Place - Percy Faiths Greatest Hits
A Friend- Say Yes Dog - Luxembourg Sounds Like
Father John Misty- The Ideal Husband - I Love You Honeybear
- voicebreak -
Low Cut Connie- Taste So Good - Hi Honey
Goat- Hide From The Sun - Commune
Chastity Belt- Joke - Time To Go Home
Mike Doughty- When The Night Is Long - Stellar Motel
Dwight Yoakam- Liar - Second Hand Heart


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2015-07-06
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-17-2015 with EC        
Playlist:

Urban Dance Squad- Grand Black Citizen - Life And Perspectives Of A Genuine Crossover Tokyo Live 1992
The Afrorockerz- I Go U Go - The AfroRockerz
Thumb- Monophona - Luxembourg Sounds Like
Zola Jesus- Hikikomori - Conatus
Bicicletas Por La Paz- Colibri - Musica Por Puppets
Rocky Dawuni- Rock Your Soul - Branches Of The Same Tree
Moloko- Fun For Me - Fun For Me
The Bad Plus- Inevitable Western - Inevitable Western
10cc- Une Nuit A Paris Pt 1 The Same Night In Paris Pt 2 Later The Same Night In Paris Pt 3 - The Original Soundtrack
Mexican Institute Of Sound- Bienvenidos A Mi Disco - Mejico Maxico
Flavia Coelho- Por Cima - Mundo Meu
Ibeyi- River - Ibeyi
Charley Patton- High Water Everywhere Part 1 - The Rise Fall Of Paramount Volume Two 19281932
Talking Heads- Dont Worry About The Government - Talking Heads 77 Remastered
Lay Low- Talking About The Weather - Talking About The Weather
Wild Cub- Thunder Clatter - Youth
Jah9- Intention - New Name Deluxe Edition
They Might Be Giants- Let Me Tell You About My Operation - Glean
Will Butler- Witness - Policy
- voicebreak -
M Aka Matthieu Chedid- Ocan - Le Pop 8
Pink Floyd- Fearless - Meddle Remastered
Waxahatchee- Stale By Noon - Ivy Tripp
Lee Dorsey- Yes We Can - Funk Soul Brothers Sisters Ghetto Funk Classics Southern Fried Soul Killers
Antonio Loureiro- Luz Da Terra - S
Bill Frisell- Rebel Rouser - Guitar In The Space Age
Morgan Heritage- Strictly Roots - Strictly Roots
Cassandra Wilson- Crazy He Calls Me - Coming Forth By Day
- voicebreak -
Vitor Ramil Marcos Suzano- Invento - Introducing Vitor Ramil Marcos Suzano
Soft Machine- Joint - Switzerland 1974
Villagers- The Soul Serene - Darling Arithmetic
Panda Bear- Sequential Circuits - Panda Bear Meets The Grim Reaper
Rokkurro- Weightless - Innra
Bostich Fussible- Moda Mkina - Motel Baja
Michael Delalla- 13 Strings - This Is How I Disappear
Polka Dogs- Love Is Like A Bicycle - Songs From Ratbag


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-06-17
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-08-2015 with Dave Blackwood        
Playlist:

- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
STEEL PULSE- Roller Skates - Earth Crisis
The Specials- A Message To You Rudy - The Specials
James Brown- Devils Den Live - Soul Pride The Instrumentals 19601969
Afrosound- Banana De Queso - The Afrosound Of Colombia Vol 2
Roy Shirley- Joe Razor - Bunny Lees Agro Sounds 101 Orange Street
Tony Allen- Ewa - Film Of Life Deluxe Edition
The Paradise Bangkok Molam International Band- - 21st Century Molam
- voicebreak -
Hailu Mergia The Walias- Musicawi Silt - Tche Belew
Samba Toure- I Kana Korto - Gandadiko
Red Baraat- Gaadi Of Truth - Gaadi Of Truth
The Budos Band- The Sticks - Burnt Offering
Papa Mali- Sugarland - Do Your Thing
Goodie Mob- Free - Soul Food
MC 900 Ft Jesus- Stare And Stare - One Step Ahead Of The Spider
A Friend- Say Yes Dog - Luxembourg Sounds Like
Father John Misty- The Night Josh Tillman Came To Our Apt - I Love You Honeybear
Radian Howe Gelb- Im Going In - Radian Verses Howe Gelb
A Place To Bury Strangers- Lower Zone - Transfixiation
Lower Plenty- Concrete Floor - Life Thrills
The Seeds- 900 Million People Daily All Making Love - Raw And Alive
Miraculous Mule- In My Time Of Dying - Mojo Proudly Presents Physical Graffiti Redrawn
Goat- Gathering Of Ancient Tribes - Commune
The Go Team- The Art Of Getting By - The Scene Between
The Go Team- Rolling Blackouts - Rolling Blackouts
SleaterKinney- No Cities To Love - No Cities To Love
Guided By Voices- Table At Fools Tooth - Cool Planet
Courtney Barnett- Pedestrian At Best - Sometimes I Sit And Think And Sometimes I Just Sit
The Clash- Janie Jones - The Clash US
Mother Mother- Get Out The Way - Very Good Bad Thing
11 Acorn Lane- Swing Thing ReSwing - Time For Tea
Castanets- Somewhere In The Blue - Decimation Blues
Panda Bear- Acid Wash - Panda Bear Meets The Grim Reaper
Mark Gergis- Hit Zones - Radio Vietnam
Hanni El Khatib- Worship Song No 2 - Moonlight
Viet Cong- Death - Viet Cong


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-04-08
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 03-25-2015 with Barry Roark        
Playlist:

- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
All Good Funk Alliance- QuatraBoogie - Jacks Of All Trades
Jos Gonzlez- Stories We Build Stories We Tell - Vestiges Claws
David Byrne- Dirty Old Town - A Luaka Bop Compilation
The Brian Jonestown Massacre- Le Cadeau - Musique De Film Imagin
Pylon- Crazy Album Version - Chomp More
Seth Avett Jessica Lea Mayfield- Roman Candle - Seth Avett Jessica Lea Mayfield Sing Elliott Smith
Inutili- No Name Science - Unforgettable Lost And Unreleased
Lumerians- Untitled 1 - Transmissions From The Telos Vol IV
LoFang- Youre The One That I Want - Blue Film
Lee Scratch Perry- Station Underground - Supreme Leader live
Make No Sound- Communicaution - Luxembourg Sounds Like
The Chills- Pink Frost - Late Night Tales MGMT
Dirty Dozen Brass Band- Do It Fluid - New Orleans Funk 3
Dirtmusic- Ballade De Ben Zabo feat Ben Zabo - Lion City
Various Artists- Michael Franti Spearhead Stay Human - Traveler 02
Chastity Belt- Time To Go Home - Time To Go Home
Ben Taylor- Ohio - Song Of America
Afro Celt Sound System- Eistigh Liomsa SealadListen To Me - Volume 1 Sound Magic
The Pop Group- Age Of Miracles - Citizen Zombie
tienne Daho Dominique A- En Surface En Duo - Le Pop 8
Machinedrum- Vizion - Vapor City Archives
60 Channels Navigator- Conscious Reality - Give Me Your Love EP
The Waterboys- Peace Of Iona - Karma To Burn
Simian Mobile Disco- Hypnick Jerk - Whorl
Hot Chip- How Do You Do - In Our Heads
Tandy- Sister Golden Hair wJim White - The Lowdown 19972002
Salmonella Dub- Loop 7 - Inside The Dub Plates
Public Service Broadcasting- Spitfire - Tsugi Digital 57
Boyd Rice And Friends- People - Baptism By Fire


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-03-25
          Quelques souvenirs de 2012        



Certains désespéraient, d'autres trépignaient, mais la patience est aujourd'hui récompensée : Infrasons publie un nouvel article ; le premier depuis plus de quatre mois. Un rythme de sénateur, me direz-vous ; mais un contenu toujours aussi impérial puisque vous trouverez, comme en 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010 et 2011, une sélection des meilleurs chansons de l'année 2012 !

Trêve de blablas, place aux morceaux. En ajoutant simplement trois remarques :

1) Cette sélection récompense des chansons, et non des albums dans leur intégralité. Vous pouvez donc enregistrer le pire album du monde et avoir malgré tout vos chances de figurer dans la liste si le disque contient une bonne chanson.
2) Je me limite à une chanson par interprète.
3) Il n'y as pas de classement, si ce n'est alphabétique.

Vous pouvez télécharger l'ensemble de cette sélection (à quelques chansons près) en cliquant sur ce lien.


C'est une bien bonne idée qu'ont eu les Allah-las en choisissant le nom de leur groupe. Car, outre le fait de proposer un jeu de mot désopilant (Allah-las, hahaha !), il leur permet de figurer en tête des listes alphabétiques et, par extension, des sélections Infrasons 2011 et 2012. Révélés l'an passé avec le morceau «Catamaran», les Allah-las ont sorti cette année un premier album sur lequel ils déploient leur force tranquille, presque indolente.
Un peu de hip-hop avec le premier album d'un gamin new-yorkais de 17 ans : Joey Badass. Appelé 1999 et disponible en téléchargement gratuit, il comporte plusieurs morceaux très bien fichus. «Pennyroyal» sort du lot avec sa ligne rythmique sobre et son superbe motif à l'orgue qui semble sorti d'une boîte à musique pour enfants.
(Télécharger l'album 1999)


♫ Bare Wires - Impossible Things
Commençons par la mauvaise nouvelle : Bare Wires s'est séparé en début d'année. Mais rebondissons sur la bonne nouvelle : le groupe a légué un dernier album (Idle Dreams), parfait testament d'une formation qui nous a enthousiasmé ces dernières années avec son glamage (mélange de glam et de garage) parsemé de riffs tranchants et réjouissants.


♫ Bikini Machine - Bikini Theme
Un article (lire ici) leur ayant déjà été consacré sur ce site, Bikini Machine n'a plus de secret pour les lecteurs d'Infrasons. Les Rennais ont à nouveau sorti un album de qualité (entièrement instrumental), ouvrant sur un «Bikini Theme» rappelant les géénriques composés par John Barry (James Bond, Amicalement vôtre, etc.). Notons que ce morceau figurait déjà en 2003 sur leur premier album (An Introduction to Bikini Machine) dans une version légèrement différente.


♫ Draytones - The World Is Like a Handkerchief
Qu'on se le dise : les Anglais sont de retour ! Nous avons suffisamment fustigé la décrépitude de la scène britannique ces dernières années pour ne pas nous réjouir des excellents disques sortis cette année par Jim Noir, King Krule, les Moons, les Kumari, les Vicars ou encore les Draytones. Et qui dit retour des Anglais dit retour des Beatles...


 â™« Foxygen - Make It Known
Soyons francs : aussi talentueux soit-il, Foxygen est un duo déroutant. Ses chansons apparaissent tellement déstructurées, avec de continuels et brusques changements de mélodie, qu'il est parfois difficile d'y pénétrer complètement. La formule fonctionne cependant très bien sur le morceau «Make It Known», excellent morceau s'il en est. Une chose est sûre, ce groupe ne peut qu'être new-yorkais : la filiation avec Lou Reed et MGMT saute aux yeux.
(Bandcamp)


 â™« Frowning Clouds - Propellers
Que ce blog soit frappé d'infamie et que le déshonneur s'abatte sur lui pour avoir omis de parler des Frowning Clouds jusqu'à ce jour. Car ces Australiens sont l'un des tous meilleurs groupes garage des dernières années. Après avoir écouté «Propellers», précipitez-vous sur «All Night Long», le tube imparable sorti l'an passé.

 â™« Jacco Gardner - Clear the Air
La chanson de l'année est l'oeuvre d'un obscur Néerlandais qui enregistre seul ses morceaux en jouant tous les instruments et en bricolant lui-même le son pour obtenir une patine 60s des plus réussies. Le résultat est stupéfiant : la Pop baroque de Jacco Gardner oscille entre les Zombies et le premier album de Pink Floyd, avec une qualité d'écriture exceptionnelle. L'incontestable révélation de l'année.
 â™« Gentleman Jesse - Eat Me Alive
Il n'y a pas d'année réussie sans tube Power Pop. Cette mission échoit cette année à Gentleman Jesse. Tâche dont il s'est parfaitement acquitté, évoquant Stiv Bators, Elvis Costello et toute une myriade de groupes des années 1977-1982.
(Douchemaster Records)


♫ Goat - Golden Dawn
Belle surprise que Goat, groupe provenant de Korpilombolo, minuscule village de 529 habitants situé à l'extrême nord de la Suède, près de la frontière finlandaise. Autant dire qu'il n'y a pas grand chose à y faire sinon jouer de la musique. Et si possible de façon furieuse en mélangeant rock psyché, funk et sonorités asiatiques. Un son qui zlatane tout.
(site)


♫ Granville - La ville sauvage
Granville s'inscrit dans le sillage dessiné par La Femme ou Pendentif avec une Pop francophone évoquant le soleil et les bords de mer. Mais la France est un pays façonné par ses terroirs, et tandis que les Biarrots de La Femme chantent le surf sur la côte basque, le son des Granville est davantage emprunt d'une mélancolie rappelant la Normandie et la baie du Mont-St-Michel.
(Bandcamp)


 â™« Hacienda - Let Me Go
Il y a 10 ans, la presse s'extasiait sur le retour du rock garage et, après avoir rapidement évoqué le renouveau du Folk (avec l'anti-folk), s'est depuis intéressée à la résurgence des années 80. Dès lors, et puisque la musique n'est plus qu'un éternel recommencement, nous devons nous attendre à un retour imminent du Glam (qui s'opérera forcément en grande pompe et avec des paillettes). Dans cette optique, Hacienda fait office de précurseur avec son Boogie-Glam et ses choeurs entraînants («ouh-la-la ouh-la-la-ouh»).
(site)


♫ Liechtenstein - Heads on Golden Plate
Sans faire de bruit, et aussi discrets qu'un paradis fiscal perdu dans les Alpes, Liechtenstein parvient à figurer pour la quatrième fois dans la sélection annuelle d'Infrasons. Voilà qui n'est pas un mince exploit lorsqu'on songe au niveau d'exigence requis. Avec leur impeccable album Fast Forward, les Suédoises sauvent l'honneur des Girl-groups, quelque peu en berne cette année.


♫ Limiñanas - Hospital Boogie
Depuis deux ans, les Perpignanais des Liminañas ont trouvé une formule qu'ils répètent à l'envie sur tous leurs disques : un demi-tempo lancinant emmené par une basse décidée et un phrasé monocorde évoquant les productions de Gainsbourg. Quoique répétitive, cette formule est à nouveau gagnante, avec notamment l'excellent «Hospital Boogie», second morceau francophone de notre sélection.


♫ Madness - My Girl 2
L'une des très bonnes surprises de l'année car, soyons honnêtes, qui était au courant que le célèbre groupe de Ska existait encore ? Et qui l'imaginait capable de sortir un tube frais et dansant en 2012 ? Les papis font de la résistance, comme on dit.



 â™« Men - Candy
Face à l'inépuisable armada de groupes provenant de San-Francisco, New-York a tenté de rivaliser cette année avec plusieurs groupes ou interprètes de qualité (Foxygen, Joey Badass). Signés sur l'excellent label Sacred Bones Records, les Men ont contribué à la bonne forme de la scène locale. La folkisante chanson «Candy» démontre le talent du groupe.



♫ Wymond Miles - Lazarus Rising
Guitariste des prolifiques Fresh & Onlys (qui avaient figuré dans nos classements 2009 et 2010), Wymond Miles trouve le temps d'enregistrer des disques en parallèle sous son nom. Publié par Sacred Bones Records (comme l'album des Men), Under the Pale Moon rappelle très fortement les productions des Fresh & Onlys avec cette patine inimitable qui évoque aussi bien les déserts arctiques que les volcans islandais.



 â™« Moons - English Summer
Britanniques jusqu'au bout des ongles, les Moons sont emmenés par Andy Crofts, ancien claviériste de Paul Weller (lui-même ex-chanteur des Jam). Tout cela pour dire que le groupe a été biberonné à la culture Mod et, plus particulièrement, aux chansons des Kinks. L'influence du groupe des frères Davies est ainsi évidente sur «English Summer», formidable morceau dont la démo circulait sur Internet depuis 2007. Andy Crofts y reprend les thèmes préférés des Kinks : la météo, la description des petits détails qui émaillent le quotidien des Britanniques, et même une petite touche de conscience «working class». Ajoutons que l'album Fables of History regorge de superbes chansons, comme seuls les Anglais savent en produire.


♫ Natural Child - Blind Owl Speaks
Attention, voici du lourd ! Et surtout du très grand. Originaires de Nashville, les Natural Child personnifient le rock'n'roll américain dans ce qu'il a de plus idéalisé et mythifié avec ce son bluesy qui donne envie de traverser le Nouveau Continent en Pontiac Firebird, fenêtres ouvertes et musique à fond. Voilà un son qui siéra aux amateurs des Rolling Stones (période Mick Taylor) et des Flamin' Groovies (période Teenage Head).
(Bandcamp)



♫ Jim Noir - Driving My Escort Cosworth to the Cake Circus
(site)
Ce morceau est fou. Du moins à partir de 2 minutes 25 lorsqu'il bascule dans une bulle féérique pavée de xylophones multicolores. Je serais gendarme que je prendrais soin de contrôler tous les conducteurs de Ford Escort pour vérifier s'ils ne roulent pas sous l'emprise de substances dangereuses ; parce que certains n'ont pas l'air net. Quoi qu'il en soit, cela fait réellement plaisir d'écouter un nouvel album du Britannique Jim Noir ; peut-être le seul musicien à pouvoir s'approcher aujourd'hui de la perfection Pop Beach-Boysienne.


 â™« Oh Sees - Lupine Dominus
Comme l'an passé, la sélection Infrasons laisse la part belle aux groupes de San-Francisco. «Parrains» de cette scène passionnante, les Oh Sees ont à nouveau été à la fête en 2012, parsemant leurs morceaux des ingrédients qui ont fait leur marque de fabrique : riffs répétitifs, chant saccadé, rythme hypnotisant. Ajoutons qu'ils sont quasiment les seuls parmi cette scène san-franciscaine à bénéficier d'une production sonore bien travaillée. Sur ce point, Bare Wires ou Ty Segall feraient bien d'en prendre de la graine.
(site)


♫ Orwells - In My Bed
A bien y regarder, cette sélection comporte très peu de morceaux de garage teigneux et enragés. Mais les Orwells sont là pour combler cette lacune. Originaire de la banlieue de Chicago, le groupe au nom très classe me rappelle fortement Harlem (formation qui semble par ailleurs s'être séparée). Les Orwells ont même un petit côté grunge avec ces enchaînements calme/accélération qui rythment leurs morceaux.


♫ People's Temple - Right from Wrong
Autre groupe américain à suivre, le People's Temple (du nom de la secte qui avait organisé le suicide et le meurtre de 920 personnes en 1978) propose un garage psychédélique et sombre dont le son n'est pas sans rappeler celui du Chocolate Watchband. Ce ton mystérieux, légèrement inquiétant mais très réussi imprègne tout particulièrement la chanson «Right from Wrong».
(Hozac Records)


♫ Resonars - Long Long Thoughts
Paul + John + George + Ringo + Rickenbacker + 1963 = les Resonars
Les mathématiques ont parfois du bon.
Et pour information, les Resonars viennent de Tucson, dans l'Arizona.
(Bandcamp)



♫ Rivals - Sugar Babies
Originaires des îles Hébrides, au large de l'Ecosse, les Rivals se sont imposés comme les nouveaux n°1 en Grande Bretagne, obtenant le titre de meilleur groupe de l'année décerné par le NME. Co-écrit pour le groupe par Paul McCartney et par Paul Weller, le morceau «Sugar Babies» occupe depuis novembre la première place des charts anglais ; succès mérité pour ce titre qui a même réussi à mettre d'accord les frères Gallagher. Souhaitons-leur de poursuivre sur ce succès. Pour information, le groupe tourne régulièrement dans des petites salles à Paris et la première édition de leur tube «Sugar Babies» est encore en vente (en 45 tours) chez Mauvaise Foi Records. Il serait bête de passer à côté de pareilles occasions.


♫ Souvenir Stand - We Will Have Our Day
(Bandcamp)
Derrière Souvenir Stand se cache Stéphanie Cupo, chanteuse et saxophoniste du New-Jersey visiblement marquée par les enregistrements de Phil Spector et des Shangri-las. La production a encore quelque chose d'amateur, mais les chansons possèdent un charme indéniable. Une affaire à suivre.


♫ Tame Impala - Feels like We Only Go Backwards
Les Australiens de Tame Impala ont à nouveau fait très fort cette année avec l'album Lonerism qui a atteint la 14e place des ventes en Grande Bretagne. Un succès étonnant pour un disque qui n'a rien à voir avec le reste du Top 50 car, avouons-le, cela fait bien 40 ans que le psychédélisme ne fait plus vendre. La production «hyper-méga-cosmique» de l'album a certainement contribué à cet attrait inattendu. Et cocorico, le disque a été enregistré en partie en France. D'où la pochette figurant les grilles du jardin du Luxembourg.
(site)


♫ Teen Velvettes - Cruising the Surf
Autre groupe anglais à avoir fait du bon boulot cette année, les Teen Velvettes semblent davantage obsédés par la Californie que par la perfide Albion. Car c'est d'un groupe surf qu'il s'agit, et des plus efficaces.
(Soundcloud)



♫ Triptides - Need You
Les Triptides sont l'un des groupes les plus injustement sous-estimés du monde. Cela fait pourtant deux ans qu'ils enregistrent des morceaux d'une beauté inouïe évoquant aussi bien le surf californien que la Pop délicate des Zombies. Outre l'album Sun Pavilion dont est extrait «Need You», les Triptides ont sorti un excellent 45 tours sur le label français Croque Macadam («Bright Sky» / «Darling»).
(Bandcamp)



♫ Nick Waterhouse - Raina
Nick Waterhouse ne plaisante pas avec la notion de rétro. Et pas question de faire les choses à moitié : quitte à jouer une musique inspirée par le rock 50s, le rhythm'n'blues, la soul 60s, autant travailler son look par la même occasion pour se transformer en sosie de Buddy Holly. En dehors de cela, Nick Waterhouse et son groupe forment un excellent groupe de scène et ont enregistré plusieurs chouettes chansons cette année. «Raina», certainement la plus soul, sort du lot grâce aux voix divines des choristes.



♫ White Fence - A Good Night
Une année ultra-productive pour White Fence qui, outre un album en duo avec Ty Segall, a sorti deux disques (Family Perdum, vol.1 et vol.2). La production «bricolée» des albums a tendance à lisser les morceaux du Californien, empêchant certaines chansons de ressortir et de se détacher. C'est chose dommage car White Fence a un réel talent d'écriture. Une production un peu plus dynamique pourrait tout à fait le rapprocher des Kinks période Village Green. Mais ne boudons pas notre plaisir, ces albums figurent parmi les meilleurs sortis en 2012 et offrent une liste de pépites longue comme le bras.




          Tanzanie: TIgo apporte la 4G        

La 4G va bientot couvrir toute la Tanzanie grace à Tigo. L’opérateur de téléphonie mobile, présente dans le pays, filiale du groupe télécom luxembourgeois Millicom International Cellular, indique avoir couvert déja, cinq des plus grandes régions du pays notamment Dar, Arusha, Tanga, Dodoma et Morogoro. Les régions de Mwanza, Zanzibar et Moshi, verront également 4G dès le début […]

Cet article Tanzanie: TIgo apporte la 4G est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Rwanda : Tigo fourni désormais la 4G à tous        

Tous les abonnés rwandais, de la filiale du groupe télécom luxembourgeois Millicom International Cellular, Tigo, peuvent désormais avoir accès à la technologie 4G. Depuis le lancement de la technologie 4G dans le pays , il y a plus de près de deux mois, l’opérateur, avait réservé l’utilisation de la 4G, a ces abonnés premium, qui […]

Cet article Rwanda : Tigo fourni désormais la 4G à tous est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Rwanda : La 4G desormais offerte à tous        

Tous les abonnés rwandais, de la filiale du groupe télécom luxembourgeois Millicom International Cellular, Tigo, peuvent désormais avoir accès à la technologie 4G. Depuis le lancement de la technologie 4G dans le pays , il y a plus de près de deux mois, l’opérateur, avait réservé l’utilisation de la 4G, a ces abonnés premium, qui […]

Cet article Rwanda : La 4G desormais offerte à tous est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          How Artificial Intelligence Helped Us Predict Forest Loss in the Democratic Republic of the Congo        

How Artificial Intelligence Helped Us Predict Forest Loss in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Compared with the planet's other large tracts of tropical forests, the forests in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have remained relatively intact — though that may soon be changing. Driven by factors such as shifting cultivation (slash-and-burn agriculture), fuelwood demand, logging, mining, infrastructure development, population growth and migration, rates of forest loss in the African country have doubled over the past 15 years.

New WRI spatial modeling research sheds light on the uncertain future of the DRC's forests. Based on an application of machine learning, the study focuses on a specific set of the DRC's most intact forested areas identified as containing critical biodiversity habitat; it predicts that without intervention, at least 332,200 hectares (820,884 acres) of these critical forests could be lost by 2025. The collective size of this predicted forest loss — an area the size of Luxembourg within a country the size of Western Europe — may be small, yet millions of people rely on these forests for food, shelter and medicine. This underscores an urgent need to use this study to inform smart land-use decisions in the DRC.

The Study: Where and How

Within the DRC, our research focuses on the landscapes prioritized by the Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE), a U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)-funded program implemented by WRI and other partners. As the program was established to maintain the forests and biodiversity of the Congo Basin, its six DRC landscapes were chosen because they contain forests that are important for biodiversity, as well as the livelihoods of millions of people. They also include a range of land-use types such as settlements, zones for extracting timber and minerals, areas of subsistence agriculture and protected areas.

This study used spatial modeling software and an artificial neural network architecture, based on the functions of a human brain, to map the links between past forest loss and its drivers in these landscapes, whether tied to biophysical factors (elevation, slope and precipitation), accessibility (distance from roads, settlements, rivers, conflict and shifting cultivation) or land management (forest concession and protected areas). As it's fed data on how landscapes have changed over the past, the model 'learns' and adapts until it arrives at the most accurate linkages between past loss and drivers. The model then ranks the influence of various forest loss drivers in the CARPE landscapes and produces a map showing areas at high risk for forest loss.

What Major Factors Influenced Forest Loss?

Model results show that human presence has had a significant influence on forest loss in the landscapes. Presence of shifting cultivation — a common land-use practice in the region, as most people rely on subsistence farming to feed their families — had the highest influence on predicting forest loss. Distance from roads was also significant, allowing access into forests that would otherwise be too remote and difficult to traverse for fuelwood and timber extraction. Average precipitation levels had an important influence on forest loss as well, likely due to their effect on agriculture and the probability of forest fires.

<p>Area cleared for agriculture near Yangambi, DRC. Flickr/CIFOR</p>

Area cleared for agriculture near Yangambi, DRC. Flickr/CIFOR

The majority of loss is expected to occur in the Ituri-Epulu-Aru (34 percent) and Lac-Télé-Lac Tumba (25 percent) landscapes, with loss concentrating near farmland, along roads and near settlements in all landscapes. In some landscapes, protected areas are particularly vulnerable; for example, protected areas within Salonga-Lukenie-Sankuru and Lac Télé-Lac Tumba landscapes are projected to lose 11,700 hectares (28,911 acres) of forest.

How We Can Use Spatial Modeling

The government of the DRC is currently pursuing an ambitious program of land use planning reform as part of its national REDD+ process. The country has also made important commitments in the forest sector to set aside 17 percent of forest area as protected, reduce deforestation and restore 8 million hectares of forest land (19.8 million acres). With information about the drivers of deforestation in hand, authorities can proactively make land-use decisions that shift development pressure away from high-value forests and identify opportunities to restore degraded land to address the food and energy needs of a growing population.

By revealing where future forest loss is most likely to occur, our research can inform land-use decisions and prioritize conservation efforts. The impact of future roads, settlements or other infrastructure changes can be assessed to reduce forest loss, particularly in protected or other high-value areas. And by seeing where pressure on forests is likely to shift due to increased protection in one area, decision-makers can also better understand the implications of conservation efforts such as increased law enforcement, new protected areas or expanding community forest management.

In the DRC, WRI is working with the government, NGOs and civil society partners to ensure that development of new land-use policies and plans integrate high-quality information on forests and biodiversity, including spatial models and scenarios. As part of these efforts, we will continue to build capacity of decision-makers, including provincial authorities and park managers, to understand and implement the findings of this study. Its results should inform a decision-making framework that ensures that land is developed in a way that considers economic, social and environmental impacts. Spatial data and scenario planning must be integrated with land-use decisions — and donors must support the creation of the spatial data infrastructure needed to make this possible.

The Central Africa Regional Program for the Environment (CARPE) is administered by the U.S. Agency for International Development. CARPE is a US Government long-term effort to sustain the ecological integrity of the second largest tropical humid forest ecosystem in the world – The Congo Basin. CARPE has a rich network of implementing partners, including WWF, WCS, WRI, AWF, regional institutions such as COMIFAC, local NGOs, universities and federal agencies including the Department of Interior, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (U.S. Forest Service and the Foreign Agricultural Service), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).


          Border Changes: Not Just for the Balkans        
Could Western Europe see a revision of existing boundaries, depending on what happens in Belgium following the elections? The strong showing of the New Flemish Alliance raises the possibility that Belgium might, over time, break apart, particularly because there is no longer a strategic need for a neutral state to separate Germany and France.

Could we end up with a new state of Flanders? And what would happen then to Wallonia?

Found this part of the report in the Christian Science Monitor interesting:



Recent polls in France show two out of every three members of the French public would agree to absorb Wallonia as part of France. Meanwhile, a recent survey in Flanders by the Luxembourg broadcasting group RTL found that 32 percent want independence immediately, 17 percent would accept a "confederation" with Wallonia that is independence in all but name, and 25 percent want greater autonomy in Belgium.


Or would a bi-zonal, bi-communal federation work?

It's not just in eastern Europe that these questions need to be asked.
          Sun Glitters – Everything Could Be Fine (self)        
I somehow stumbled upon Sun Glitters in March and the album hasn’t left my player ever since.  Luxembourg based Victor Ferreira (also known as sug(r)cane) is quite prolific and seems to regularly add to his oeuvre with remixes and stand alone tracks popping up on his bandcamp on a fairly regular basis… Upon initial listening I raved to those who would listen, […]
          Germany & Norway formally join Netherlands & Luxembourg to operate pooled fleet of NATO-owned A330 MRTT tankers        
Madrid -  Germany and Norway officially joined the European/NATO program to acquire Airbus A330 Multi-Role Tanker Transport aircraft along with Netherlands and Luxembourg. The two nations committed to participating in the project through the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding at NATO HQ in Brussels today. Known as the Multinational Multi-Role Tanker Transport Fleet (MMF) the programme was initiated by the European Defence Agency (EDA) in 2012. Europe’s organization for the management o...
          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          Singler,EP'ere og LP'ere        
Hun husker . . . . . .

Livet som teenager i 60erne medførte stor appetit pÃ¥ tidens nye musik for de unge og i byerne var der decideret pladeforretninger med salg af plader og det var der gang i. Pladeforretningerne var typisk indrettet som en pladebar med flere sæt høretelefoner til kunderne, som selvfølgelig ville høre musikken, før der blev investeret i den.
Når der var rigtig travlt, stod der en hel stribe ved disken og hørte musik i høretelefonerne, medens ekspedienten havde nok at gøre med, at fodre pladespillerne med den ønskede musik.
Tidens unge opbyggede hver især deres pladesamling, som bare voksede og voksede, efterhånden som der blev råd til at investere i plader. Plader var også selvskreven som både jule- og fødselsdagsgave. I de tilfælde var coveret plomberet, så pladen kunne byttes, hvis ikke giveren havde fået købt det helt rigtige.


60ernes plader var af vinyl og blev faktisk let ridset, hvis man var lidt uforsigtig med pick-up'en. Det var heller ikke en god idé, at lægge plader op ad en radiator eller anden varmekilde, da de nemt begyndte at bule og miste faconen.
Datidens vinylplader fandtes som single med et nummer på hver side, EP pladerne havde flere numre på hver side og de store LP plader kunne rumme et helt album.

Og hvilken lykke var det ikke, nÃ¥r man have penge nok til at købe den næste plade med den musik, der allermest blev hængende i øregangen efter at have lyttet til Jørgen Mylius eller radio Luxembourg, nÃ¥r der blev spillet hitlister i radioen.



De fleste teenagere havde grammofoner eller pladespillere, som de også hedder. Det var dengang helt almindeligt, at ønske sig en grammofon i konfirmationsgave.
Grammofonerne var små og i forskellige farver, ofte med låg til. Jeg husker endnu min tro turkisfarvede grammofon, som var et meget vigtigt stykke inventar på mit værelse, - og den var da også i gang tidlig og silde.


          Happy Bastille Day!        
Last week was the USA's turn, and on Monday, July 14 it's France's turn to celebrate its own extrication from oppressive monarchy. So this week you and your phone can celebrate France and it's republic. Vive la liberté!

WAP site URL:
http://weeklymg.com/wml

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Paris Fireworks

Paris Fireworks -- from Flickr user celesteh
License: Attribution




Place de la R‚publique and the Sun

Place de la République and the Sun -- from Flickr user Skadge
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Assemblée Nationale

Assemblée Nationale

- Copyrighted. Available courtesy of Alive in Paris




Paris Fireworks

Paris Fireworks -- from Flickr user Gaël Chardon
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Modern Unrest at Bastille

Modern Unrest at Bastille -- from Flickr user Nocturnales
License: Attribution




Paris Fireworks

Paris Fireworks -- from Flickr user Sunfox
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




French Flags

French Flags

- Copyrighted. Available courtesy of Alive in Paris




French Graffiti
French Graffiti


French Flag
French Flag


Statue of Liberty at Jardin du Luxembourg

Statue of Liberty at Jardin du Luxembourg

- Copyrighted. Available courtesy of Alive in Paris




Flags
Flags


Cannes Fireworks
Cannes Fireworks


Liberté, Egalité et Fraternité

Liberté, Egalité et Fraternité -- from Flickr user chelseagirl
License: Attribution




Paris Fireworks

Paris Fireworks -- from Flickr user After The Dark
License: Attribution




Top of Bastille Monument

Top of Bastille Monument -- from Flickr user Caro2000
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Helicopters in Paris for July 14 Parade

Helicopters in Paris for July 14 Parade -- from Flickr user Gaël Chardon
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Egalité

Egalité -- from Flickr user fesek
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République

République -- from Flickr user Th Barbalho
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Creative Commons LicenseUnless otherwise noted, all content on this blog is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
          Libertarian position on the EU Referendum        
On 23rd June, the UK will vote on whether to remain in or leave the EU.  I'm voting to leave the EU, and believe that, on balance, those who believe in individual liberty including free trade should strongly support leaving the EU.

Bizarrely, Prime Minister David Cameron, having campaigned for a referendum, is now claiming that a vote for the UK to leave would trigger recession, economic catastrophe and even risk future war.  He’s been asked why he bothered putting the UK through such a risk, particularly since only months ago he said the UK would “do ok”.    Now both the Tory Government, most of the Labour Party and virtually all Liberal Democrats, Scottish and Welsh Nationalists and the Greens are all campaigning to remain in the EU, whereas the campaign to leave is led by Boris Johnson,  Michael Gove, nearly half of Conservative MPs, a handful of Labour MPs and UKIP.

The two main planks of the Remain camp are first that leaving the EU Single Market would damage the economy, and they cite many economists, the IMF, World Bank and OECD who all support this, along with some major business leaders and companies.  The second claim is that leaving the EU “lessens Britain” and isolates it, and means the UK loses influence. 

The Leave campaign has a few key messages.  One is that it will save £350m a week from not contributing to the EU (although that excludes receipts from EU programmes to the UK and Thatcher’s rebate, which could be removed at any time).  Secondly, is that leaving the EU will return sovereignty to the British Government, rather than the EU, which passes laws, even if all British MEPs oppose them, imposing them on the UK.  Thirdly, is concern that immigration cannot be effectively controlled whilst there is free movement and full rights for all EU citizens to reside in the UK.

For a libertarian, the EU referendum does mean a trade off.   Indeed, the only two elements of the EU that are pro-freedom are the single market and free movement of people.

EU Membership does provide a single market of over 550 million people, for goods if not for services.  However, it is a customs union that is highly protectionist, and has for decades been one of the biggest objectors to global free trade in agriculture and in many services at the WTO, particularly because France is consistently resistant to trade liberalisation.   Much is made of the EU signing “trade deals” with other countries, but it rarely includes services and never includes agriculture.   Nick Clegg likes to describe the many years and reams of paper needed for the EU to reach trade agreements with the likes of Canada, as if this is the norm (and a burden the UK would have to bear with other countries if outside the EU).  Yet this is quite unnecessary.  New Zealand and Australia agreed on free trade (CER) in less than four years, with a relatively simple agreement.  The only reason free trade agreements become complex is when one of the parties wants exemptions – not actually wanting free trade. 

The second libertarian element of the EU is the free movement of people.  The ability to cross borders virtually unimpeded is of significant value, but it is unconditional.  No EU Member states have the ability to shut out other EU citizens if they have been convicted of any serious offences.   I am not from the camp that believes that free movement within the EU is inherently bad, but I do believe countries should be able to exclude foreign nationals who are proven violent criminals.  The UK's immigration problems are in part, its own fault.  Its health system is the world's biggest civilian bureaucracy that makes feeble attempts to restrict non-national usage and asks nothing of users in terms of financial contributions.  Anyone with legal residency in the UK has access to the welfare state (including generous tax credits for low income workers and child benefits), to taxpayer funded education for their children and access to publicly subsidised housing (indeed there is a "legal right" to housing in the UK, paid for by others).   

In short, the UK has a welfare state edifice that is attractive to migrants with low skills, especially coming from much poorer countries with inferior health, education and housing provision.   If it wants to reduce immigration, it ought to look in the mirror.

Furthermore, as journalist Rod Liddle said at a Spectator hosted event on June 13th, eastern Europeans don't pose an existential threat to western civilisation or to the values of individual freedom that give cause to be concerned about Islamism.  As much as some are concerned about Polish migration to Britain, they integrate, they embrace the values of a developed Western liberal democracy, they set up businesses, they are not demanding media not offend them with threats of violence. Notwithstanding the distortions caused by the UK's wider welfare state, I am not concerned about migration from eastern European, as long as prudent measures are made to exclude convicted violent criminals.

However, the freedom of movement and freedom of trade within the single market do not, for me, outweigh what's wrong with the EU:

- It is a massive exercise in regulation and legal control on almost all areas of the economy.  The EU has over 10,000 Directives on anything from standards for fruit and vegetables, to blowtorches, to light bulbs, to employment.  It is a huge corporatist system that imposes major compliance costs on businesses, restricting new entry and restraining innovation.  Most explicitly, the EU has prohibited the use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture, ensuring that research and development of GM technology outside laboratories is based in the US and Asia, not Europe.

- Its budget is dominated by the protectionist racket known as the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).  The CAP inflates the price of food for Europeans by heavily restricting imports from more efficient producers from many countries, including New Zealand, and subsidises overproduction in Europe which is then exported undermining market prices in other countries including poor producers in developing countries.  The CAP impoverishes farmers in poor countries, whilst the EU engages in pious virtue signalling about how much it cares about inequality.  The CAP itself isn't even equal in Europe, as it would have gone bankrupt had eastern European producers been subsidised at the same rates as those in western Europe, so perversely farmers in the EU's poorest countries (e.g. Bulgaria) receive subsidies one-third lower than those in its richest countries (e.g. Luxembourg).

- The EU takes £10 billion a year of British taxpayers' money more than it returns (and most of what it returns is to prop up farmers, to fund research projects or pious regional development projects).  That is money currently borrowed from future taxpayers.  It should end to help balance the budget.  The ludicrous idea that this is the "price for accessing the single market" is absurd.  Free trade does not need to be accompanied by massive subsidy schemes for small parts of the EU economy or politically motivated infrastructure, research or vanity projects (such as Galileo - the EU's complete duplication of the US GPS system, under the nonsensical basis that the US might "shut it down one day").  Furthermore, the majority of EU Member States are not net contributors, and until the past three years neither was France (primarily because it takes so much back in subsidies to prop up its 19th century farming sector).

- The EU is fundamentally authoritarian in instinct, having contempt for the democratically expressed choices of EU Member State voters (the EU President recently said that certain political parties would "not be allowed" to have power if they won elections in EU Member States, such as the Freedom Party in Austria).  The EU's utter failure to provide any discipline on spending in some Euro-member states and contempt for popular revolt at the resulting economic collapse reflects its distance from the concerns of Europeans.  Notably, it has taken few steps to address Hungary's creeping authoritarianism as its government subverts much of its media to support its own propaganda.

- Members of the European Parliament have no powers at all to introduce new legislation including legislation to abolish existing Directives.  Only the European Council can introduce draft legislation into the European Parliament, and the Council is comprised of people appointed by Member State Governments.  The closest the EU gets to accountability is that MEPs can vote to oppose the passage of draft directives, but none can propose their own new legislation.

- The European Commission budget has been found to be materially in error every year for the past 18 years, most recently by 3.9%, or around €5 billion.  This is in part because of the complexities of its spending programs there is considerable scope for fraud and mistake.  Never mind, the EU just keeps asking for more money.

- The EU never cuts its budget, ever.  Every year it asks for more and more, it never ceases to undertake any functions, it never seeks to hand back powers to Member States.  It grows inexorably.  Ten years ago it didn't have a common Foreign Policy, it is now discussing haviuniong an EU Army.  Bear in mind this growth continues in spite of it telling the likes of Greece and Spain that they need to cut spending to balance their budgets.

- The EU falsely claims it is responsible for peace in Europe amongst its Member States, ignoring not only the role of NATO in deterring war with the Soviet Union, but also the more fundamental principle that liberal democracies don't go to war with each other.  The EU got in the way of addressing the war in the Balkans in the 1990s as it opposed letting the Bosnian Muslims arm themselves to respond to the Serbian ultra-nationalist genocide being led by Radovan Karadzic, it has been divided over Ukraine.

- The EU attracts mediocre political appointees to have considerable power over us all.  The UK supplied the second Foreign Minister, Catherine Ashton, a Labour Party member, unionist and former peer (i.e. never elected) who had no foreign policy background.  Failed UK Labour Leader Neil Kinnock built a long career for himself and his family in the EU.  

- The EU has attacked free speech by requiring Google to remove content from searches that EU citizens specifically request as being the "right to be forgotten" .  More recently it has sought to have a common approach to "hate speech", including a call to restrict "disrespectful public discourse".  Fuck off you arseholes.

- The EU project's ultimate end game is a European superstate with power over taxation, national budgets and a massive programme to "harmonise" the regulation of all industries and sectors as one.  This superstate will not be interested in reducing what it does, granting more freedoms to its citizens and reducing its burden on taxpayers, rather the contrary.

Supporters of the Vote Leave campaign have produced this movie below, which is being freely distributed.




I have already cast my postal vote to leave and no, I don't take the views of President Obama, John Key, the IMF, World Bank,  UN Secretary General or others into account.  I don't expect any government or any international organisation to risk their own trade and relationships with the world's largest economy (the EU) by supporting the UK leaving.   Most bizarrely, it is odd that President Obama would ask the UK to stay in a political union that the US itself would never bind itself to even if it could, given the US itself refuses to sign up to many international treaties because it doesn't want its sovereignty restrained.

However, let's be very clear what leaving the UK does not mean:

The campaign to leave the EU is not led by those who want the UK to be isolated and protectionist: Unlike the opposition to the UK's original EEC Membership in 1975, those who lead the campaign to leave the EU now are not primarily socialists who feel threatened by foreign competition.  They are advocates of free and open trade with the rest of the world.   They are dominated by concerns that UK's national sovereignty is eroded by the EU and that the EU is wasteful, sclerotic, inefficient and dismissive of individual freedoms and people's concerns about it.

Leaving the EU is not "ending co-operation": Over 160 countries in the world co-operate on a vast number of matters.   Switzerland, Norway and Iceland are not in the EU, all trade freely with it and work with it and each other and other states, without being tied to the EU project.

Leaving the EU is not racist:  By illiberal-leftwing standards, the EU itself may be deemed racist with its trade policy that harnesses protectionism and European taxpayers' money to harm producers in developing countries.  Those advocating for Brexit want an immigration policy that does not favour EU citizens from non-EU citizens, which would appear to be anything but racist.

Leaving the EU is not "leaving" or "turning our back on Europe":  The EU is not Europe, it is a political-customs union project.  The UK has been at the heart of advocating values of freedom, civil liberties, liberal democracy, rule of law and separation of powers in Europe for much longer than any other countries in Europe.  It is understandable why some countries with recent totalitarian pasts would see the EU as a project that may enable them to move on from unspeakable horrors and oppression, but the UK does not have such a path.  UK outside the EU would trade, travel and work closely with European countries, with continued migration and investment, it simply wouldn't be shackled to how the EU wants Europeans to interact.

Leaving the EU is not seeking a return to a "golden age": Far from it, it is seeking to regain full sovereignty over UK laws to create a more dynamic, outward looking Britain that isn't dependent on the EU for freer trade with the rest of the world.  No one harks back to Empire, some say Brexit will enable trading relationship with the Commonwealth to be revitalised, but few see a future of self-sufficiency and exclusion.

So I have voted to Leave.  I know if it happens, the pound will drop, the FTSE100 will drop and there will be panic.  I also know that there are strong calls for Brexit to mean a significant toughening of immigration policy, which I largely oppose.  I also know there is chance the UK will be blocked from the single market for some time, as the EU and major EU Member States seek to punish the UK for leaving, rather than look at themselves as to why that might be.

However, I am also hopeful and optimistic that the world's 5th largest economy can be more outward looking, can liberalise its economy, can reprioritise its net contribution to the EU by cutting its budget deficit and replacing the subsidy programmes it receives now and phase them out.  I am hopeful that the UK can show the EU that it should be more dynamic, open and prosperous, stimulating the sort of reforms EU Member States desperately need.  I am also hopeful that the charlatan, the PR spin doctor Prime Minister, David Cameron, can finally retire, and the UK can have a government that doesn't look like the Labour Party stayed in power after 2010.

          From Stable to Negative: Moody's Cuts Outlook for Germany's Top Rating        
The debt crisis is threatening Germany's top credit rating. Moody's changed its outlook for Germany, the Netherlands and Luxembourg to negative from stable late on Monday. The German Finance Ministry said the country would remain an anchor of stability in the 17-nation euro zone.
          Planetary Resources Names Brian Israel As General Counsel        

Redmond-based Planetary Resources, the asteroid mining company, announced today that it has named Brian Israel as General Counsel. Mr. Israel will oversee the legal, regulatory, and compliance functions for the company, its parent, and Planetary Resources Luxembourg. The company’s vision is to expand humanity’s economic sphere of influence into the Solar System by providing resources […]

The post Planetary Resources Names Brian Israel As General Counsel appeared first on Eastside Business Journal.


          The 'who's who' of European tax havens        
Will Germany, UK and Netherlands end up in the OECD "black list" of terrible "tax havens"?



Forget about the Bahamas, Panama, Cayman Islands, or Fiji. If you want to avoid paying taxes and have no problem with dicey business practices, Europe has a lot to offer.

Europe is far from innocent in the international offshore tax evasion industry, as the Tax Justice Network (TJN) recently demonstrated. Many European countries, with their stable infrastructure and professional personnel, provide fertile ground for businesses or individuals to evade taxes.

Andorra
There are more than a few gaps that need to be filled in Europe, according to Markus Meinzer of the TJN. He helped paint a picture of who's who among European tax havens.
The independent mini-state of Andorra in the Pyrenees, which is not a part of the European Union, offers a secretive place for those in neighboring countries to stash their money. Particularly attractive is the personal service offered by banking advisers there. It's also easy for Spaniards and French to simply drive there to deposit cash. Afterwards, one can always tank up and buy cigarettes there - tax-free, of course.

Austria
As a country sharing borders with Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, the Czech Republic and Switzerland, Austria draws foreign capital by promising secrecy to account holders. It caters especially to Europe's German-speaking population, Meinzer said. But he also said that he knows of Argentines who, for example, combine investing in Austrian bonds with the advantages of bank secrecy. Due precisely to the lack of financial transparency and its geographic location, Austria has also attracted wealth from Arab world dictators for decades.
Channel Islands
The British Channel Islands Jersey, Guernsey and Sark are home to hundreds of financial institutions and insurance companies drawn to their simple and low taxes. While Jersey probably "hides the most dirty business," according to Meinzer, Guernsey is the most innovative.
With its so-called self-protected companies, an apparent single company is organized into cells with protective legal walls between them. And on Sark, according to British newspaper The Guardian, there are 24 companies registered for each of the approximately 600 inhabitants.
Cyprus
Cyprus is the perfect example of what can go wrong with depending on such dubious business models. It was particularly oriented toward former Soviet countries, and acted as a hub for them. Transactions over letterbox companies brought money into Cyprus, then back to countries like Russia - thus avoiding Russian tax authorities. But since the Cyprus bailout , in part by the EU, the Mediterranean island will have to come up with a new business model.
England
England, with London, represents one of the largest hubs for tax evasion and capital flight. Meinzer described London as "the mother of all tax havens" since the zone, which does not answer to the crown, has developed a network that continues to bring money back to the capital of the former empire. Money flows from there to British Channel Islands, such as Guernsey, Jersey or to the Isle of Man, then overseas to British territories in the Caribbean, such as the Cayman or Virgin Islands - or in Europe, to Gibraltar. London, is the seat of many dubious "letterbox companies," which only exist on the Internet.
Germany
Frankfurt skyline Foto: Frank Rumpenhorst dpa/lhe
Frankfurt is a great place for foreign investors to earn tax-free interest
Germany protects the data of foreign investors, who also don't have to pay taxes on interest.
Only Germans, or foreigners resident in Germany, have to actually shell out a flat rate withholding tax on interest income, Meinzer said.
Information on such yields also rarely flows out of Germany, he added: "Foreign investors with German accounts are protected with a certain degree of anonymity."
That's why Germany ranks ninth in the world for financial secrecy, according to TJN.
Gibraltar
At the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar has specialized in allowing such letterbox companies, called "trusts." The structure of such trusts means there is no real owner of the company. They are often used to add a layer of secrecy to letterbox companies, Meinzer said, which is particularly good for money laundering.
Meinzer cited insider information in calling it "the dirty end of the spectrum" for bringing money back into financial markets. The presence of many gambling casinos there also comes into play.
Ireland
It's called the "double Irish" in the financial world: A company founds two subsidiaries in Ireland with its business tax rate of 12.5 percent. Then, one claims to be based in a different tax haven. (Comparable taxes in the United States, for example, are around 35 percent.)


This is completely legal in Ireland, and therefore an optimal location for companies such as Google, Apple or Amazon.While the one company does business in Europe, it pays the other patent fees. Profits vanish, as costs and income equal out on the balance sheet.
Although other countries like the Netherlands offer similar models, Meinzer said the difference is that people do actually work in Ireland, which at least creates some jobs and a bit of growth in the country.
Isle of Man
Taxes are kind of an afterthought on this island between England, Scotland and Ireland. Inheritances and capital gains aren't taxed at all, while the highest level of taxation lies at 20 percent. Corporate tax is nonexistent. It's especially loved as a hidey-hole for British millionaires.
Luxemburg
Luxembourg is the second-largest financial hub in Europe, after London. Innumerable investors and around 150 different banks enjoy a lenient tax framework in Europe's stocks and bonds center. Luxembourg's status as an EU member makes it particularly attractive for European companies and the international market, Meinzer explained. "If I want to get around German laws, for example, I could go through Luxembourg," Meinzer said, adding that 40 German banks do business there.


With its low tax rates, Malta, like Cyprus, has long drawn foreign capital. Although corporate taxes are around 35 percent, companies can get most of that refunded.
It's a favorite among German companies, which earn a higher profit if based on Malta. Meinzer said that while it's clearly a tax paradise for companies, it's not clear if that's also the case for individuals.
Monaco
The Principality of Monaco continues to be home to the rich and famous, being surrounded by France. Millionaires happily set themselves up there due to the fact that they pay no income or inheritance taxes. The city-state also does not prosecute financial crimes committed abroad. Businesses, however, must pay taxes there - at rates of around 33 percent. France, though it doesn't play an active role, lends a protective hand, Meinzer said.
Netherlands
What Luxembourg is for private investors, the Netherlands is for large corporations. Business taxes are incredibly low, with many tax advantages for interest and licensing income.
With the "Dutch sandwich," a parent company has a subsidiary in the Netherlands, which it uses as a cheap tax base to develop its European business.
Switzerland
Although there are supposedly no more completely anonymous bank accounts in Switzerland (and neighboring Liechtenstein), it continues to draw large sums of money due to its strict banking secrecy. Considering the volume of money in Switzerland, it made first place on the TJN's Financial Secrecy Index.
Full text in http://www.dw.de/


                  
Well, wow!

I was surprised to find how much the crowd loved Nadal. There was support, more than polite, for Muller – but much more for Nadal. I would have expected a Wimbledon crowd to group behind the underdog, given that Nadal was neither English nor Federer.

I kept remembering, not much to the point, how we went to CT in (what must have been) 1996 for my mother’s 90th birthday in late October. Clinton was standing for re-election. I had been uneasy about him – them – from the beginning, and expressed this unease again. My mother said that she was absolutely behind him, being always for the underdog.

This was an idiotic statement;  and to her credit – despite being 90, and a lifelong Democrat – she corrected it. The underdog, of course, was poor old Dole with his withered arm. I’m sure she voted for Clinton anyway.

Prince Felix (was it?) of Luxembourg was there yesterday to support Muller. But if the post-match interviewer expected Muller to be even mildly excited at the news, the attempt failed. There are only 50 people in Luxembourg. Prince Felix, who plays a pretty good game of tennis himself, was an old friend, we were told; of course he was there.

The BBC remained determined to keep me away from Venus Williams. She was first on Centre Court yesterday, to be followed by Murray. When transmission started, only one channel was available and that, of course, had to be devoted to the British Girl. So I watched the midday news, and waited until that channel was available for tennis. Fifteen minutes of silliness – and then they went to an outside court. I managed to find Venus on the “red button” for her last few games, and she looked very good indeed.

Not much knitting. Nadal-Muller knocked the needles from one’s hands. I have, however, finished the basic patterning of the Northmavine Hap, and am now embarking on a top garter stitch edge. The colours all lasted the course, although without much to spare. I thought recently that I had mastered the problem I have previously mentioned to you, and could read the pattern in my knitting and keep everything properly lined up. It all went wrong at the end (Wimbledon?). I don’t care.


But I don’t think I had any such difficulty knitting Gudrun’s Hansel Hap at the end of last year – also feather-and-fan.

          Rando GR57 Ourthe Occidentale ( de avr 21, 2018 12:00 à avr 21, 2018 12:00 )        
La délégation du Luxembourg organisera le 21/04/2018 une randonnée
          Rando en Centre Ardennes ( de jun 2, 2018 12:00 à jun 2, 2018 12:00 )        
La délégation du Luxembourg organisera le 02/06/2018 une randonnée
          Rando RB28 Engreux - Achouffe ( de jun 30, 2018 12:00 à jun 30, 2018 12:00 )        
La délégation du Luxembourg organisera le 30/06/18 une randonnée e
          Rando Bouillon ( de sep 29, 2018 12:00 à sep 29, 2018 12:00 )        
La délégation du Luxembourg organisera le 29/09/18 une randonnée [
          Monday Links        
  • Above is European/Eurozone unemployment.  Still not stabilizing.
  • Europe is really, really steamed over US spying now.  Spying on your friends and allies is not the greatest idea.  French greens are pressing for Snowden to be given asylum in France (you heard it here first). "The Americans justify everything with combatting terrorism," said the Luxembourg foreign minister, Jean Asselborn, who on Sunday described the latest allegations as disgusting. "The EU and its diplomats are not terrorists."  And this:  The president of the European Parliament, Martin Schulz, said in a statement that he was “deeply worried and shocked.” He added, “If the allegations prove to be true, it would be an extremely serious matter which will have a severe impact on E.U.-U.S. relations.”  Does anyone seriously doubt that these allegations will prove true?
  • On a side note, this situation is going to be very bad for Britain's relations with Europe also.  The British appear to have been functioning as very important enablers of American spying, and this is not going to forgotten or forgiven quickly by the Germans, French, etc.  (Of course, I don't doubt that the French at least are up to their ears in their own version of this stuff too).
  • NY Times confirms that Snowden was involved in cyber-offense for the US government.  I first hypothesized that this must have been the situation three weeks ago.  The tone of the NY Times coverage is starting to shift.  They are realizing that the Obama administration has been materially dishonest in this area and therefore its denials cannot be trusted going forward.  The linked piece has a good discussion of the weakness of the administration's shifting defenses.
  • Washington Post is also realizing it's been lied to.
  • Egypt is definitely falling apart again.

          BroadwayWorld Seeks Contributors Near Cape Playhouse & Berkshire Theater        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

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          Pierre Moscovici est-il soluble dans l’Eurogroupe?        
Conversation – par SMS, ô tempora… – avec Pierre Moscovici, à propos de l’Eurogroupe. Oui, un ministre en poste le préside, mais il s’agit d’un usage et non d’une obligation écrite. Et si ce cumul est possible quand on a des fonctions (Finances ou direction du gouvernement) au Luxembourg, l’est-il quand on pilote un ministère […]
          Pantone Swap Reveal        
I've had this prepped up forever, but it never managed to find it's way to the blog until now.  I joined a Pantone swap through one of the Facebook groups I belong in.  The idea was to take inspiration from Pantone's fall colours, and swap with someone else from the group.  It was a very relaxed exchange - you could decide on the number of beads, and whether you wanted to exchange beads for all of the colours, or just a few.  My partner, Maryse, from Luxembourg, and I decided on 3 sets of beads to exchange.  Maryse is also a lampworker, and she had a different style to mine, so I was excited to see what I would receive.

I sent:

- "Ultramarine green" beads with "Olympian blue" highlights
- "French roast" beads with "Olympian blue" and white dots
- "Bright chartreuse" and "Rhapsody" rounds with "Titanium" spacers
 I also sent a set of large holed beads to represent all of the colours in the line-up - French roast, Titanium, Ultramarine green, Bright chartreuse, Olympian blue, Rhapsody, Pink flambe, Rose smoke, Tangerine tango and Honey gold.
 Maryse sent me back a very sweet set of beads in Titanium, Olympian blue and Pink flambe.
 Which got turned into a very awesome set of earrings!
I really enjoyed this exchange, and hope there's one for the Spring / Summer 2013 colours!
          Poetry@The_Millennium: A Conversation with Jerome Rothenberg and Pierre Joris        
by
Chris Funkhouser
1997-04-15

This interview took place soon after the University of California Press published Volume One of Poems For The Millennium: The University of California Book of Modern amp; Postmodern Poetry, Vol. 1 (From Fin-de-Siecle to Negritude) [Rothenberg, Jerome and Joris, Pierre, eds. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995]. Jerome Rothenberg is one of the world’s leading anthologists. Among his more than sixty books of poetry and numerous anthologies are Technicians of the Sacred, Revolution of the Word, and Shaking the Pumpkin. He is Professor of Visual Arts and Literature at the University of California, San Diego. Pierre Joris has published more than twenty books of poetry, several anthologies, and numerous volumes of translations. He is Professor of English at the University at Albany-SUNY. Rothenberg’s aamp; Joris’s previous collaboration pppppp: Selected Writings of Kurt Schwitters (Temple University Press, 1993) was awarded the 1994 PEN Center USA West Literary Award for Translation. The interview, conducted by Chris Funkhouser, took place at Pierre Joris’ home in Albany, New York, December 1995.

Chris Funkhouser: The reason I have some of these questions is because of the event a few nights ago, the EPCLIVE chat about your anthology, on the Internet Relay Channel (IRC). I have some questions about the anthology which I didn’t have a chance to ask you then. The first thing relates to the fact that my copy of the anthology came the week that Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated. I was thinking, through your book, you’re drawing the world’s literatures and cultures together through English, through the page. Yet it’s still really a greatly conflictive and angry world with a lot of division. Despite the destruction of such symbols as the Berlin Wall, we still have a popular media which celebrates divisions, perpetuates violence in a way which poetry laments. I’m wondering how the strife, and succession of diplomatic tragedies impinges upon work such as this anthology. Though it might seem like a naive question, I’m wondering if you see any role poetry might play in terms of some kind of international relations? Or, is poetry present to be just politely distantly “contrastive” to unfortunate “human” predicaments?

Jerome Rothenberg: Well, I don’t know if politely contrastive is right. Certainly, there’s a feeling that many of us have, that poetry is somehow “contrastive”: a way of being and speaking that marks a difference-and a resistance. In the second volume [of the anthology], even more than the first, we’ll be using terms like “resistance,” picking up from a [Charles] Olson essay on poetry as a form of resistance, post- World War Two, coming to it in that way. So the contrastive is a contrast by resistance. But, it’s very complicated out there, also, so in terms of the initial question, of whether things are brought together or are seen in their separate identities, obviously there’s a lot of fluctuation for any of us. That is, we presumably don’t want to bring things together into such a unanimous, single, entity that the individual differences (what makes for their distinctiveness) then disappear. To speak even in trite terms (as we often do) about the unity of all living beings (and so on) is, well, problematic. I mean, the real question is how to do that without imperializing it in some way or another, so that there are no longer differences, those differences which, of course, also have value? At the same time, one is both trying to stress difference and to somehow make it a difference that doesn’t end up in ethnic cleansing.

Pierre Joris: Ethnic cleansing is of course that totalitarian attempt to do away with difference, it is the One that pathologically refuses the many. Certainly poetry has some kind of role, however limited, to play, in pointing out, even in creating a place, a field - in Duncan’s sense, where the many can co-exist. You need difference to make it an interesting place- anything kinetic, i.e. any movement, anything negentropic happens only when there is a difference, a departure from equilibrium, from the same, thus a clinamen. That it always become something else: if you have only the one, you have only a kind of death, because you have no multiplication. You have nothing. I think in terms of poetry or poetics you could even, then, talk of, say, how poetry by field, composition by field, is a kind of map where this multiplicity, the many, can come in and be in a field that is not necessarily an arena of conflict. So that would be a kind of mapping of some of those questions. But poetry is not going to directly solve any of the questions.

Funkhouser: It’s like you can’t impose a heterogeneity, yet that’s sort of an over-arching project?

Rothenberg: Well, obviously, the kind of question that you raise could be raised about other forms of activity besides poetry. Or, it could be raised more generally as a great, extremely important political and social question. Even if one doesn’t bring art or poetry into it at all. What is a humanity in relation to which there can be crimes against it? What is a crime against humanity? It implies some notion of a humanity that can be abused in all of us-not as a generality but specifically in its particulars…as an individual but also as an ethnic entity. There’s no question that the book tries to emphasize, to foreground some of that as a tension that poetry also in some sense addresses. I don’t know if it sets itself off differently in the United States than elsewhere. This is a peculiar place, the United States: it’s a colonized place at its inception and grows out of that. It’s created at the expense of a given series of nations that lived here to start with.

Joris: But every place on the globe is like that. Is colonized by humans, who in their turn over time get invaded, displaced, wiped out, amalgamated, reconfigured and so on.

Rothenberg: But in the United States the Conquest-the colonization-was followed by a period of opening. The conquered land was opened to a multiplicity of peoples. Not always and not equally but with a lot of stops and starts. Obviously, at a certain point, there was open migration into the country, open borders. Around 1920, the borders were shut, you got a closed door policy. After the second world war, the borders were opened up again-or opened up a little more. Today there’s a strong movement to again close up the borders. But for some number of us, the openness to people’s cultures, multiplicities, is one of the terrific things about being here. And yet, for all of that, you still get these developing, these re-developing nativisms, and the sense that there are some within the country who are truly Americans, and there are some within that who are differently, or only secondarily…

Joris: When this reporter from the local newspaper interviewed me and I suggested that maybe there were no “true” Americans, that even the Indians had come here at some time from somewhere else, and that in that sense I was just as American or non-American as anyone else, he titled his article: “SUNY Poet is Fake American”!

Rothenberg: And I called you a “Luxembourg Yankee”…

Funkhouser: Along the same lines, and maybe this is more closely related to the book, I was thinking of how Nate Mackey, in his set of critical essays [ Discrepant Engagement: Dissonance, Cross- Culturality, and Experimental Writing ], coins the phrase discrepant engagement.” It’s a process by which he intermixes the work of writers which aren’t normally brought together under the same critical or creative lens, in a way of breaking down literary and cultural monoliths, which is what we are talking about. Your anthology is really outstanding because of its extensive cutting across genres and forms, cultures, in a way that no other collection of poetry in English has before. and there’s cuts and splices within the text which are delightfully surprising. So you have two different types of unusual editing going on. In the Introduction to the anthology, you talk a bit about this desire to tear down previously standing boundaries. I wanted to ask you about the radical postmodern editing that you do, and if you had any more to say about what were trying to trying to accomplish through the juxtapositions, what kind of discrepant engagement you might see this ethnopoetics project involved with. How much of it has to do with extending and livening up the anthology as a form?

Joris: You said it! [laughter by all]

Rothenberg: There’s a statement inherent in your question. I mean, yes - as you continued to unfold the question, I felt myself saying ‘yes, yes, yes.’ I didn’t know Nate Mackey’s term, but certainly his project is of particular interest. Not only because he’s an extraordinarily good poet and editor, but because he pulls off a really big poetry that precisely crosses genres and boundaries without at the same time losing its ‘Mackeyness.’ His openings are wonderful. There’s a big mind at work there. Unlike what one is fearful of in poets who base themselves in some particularly ethnic place but don’t cross over. Very often it closes them off, and ultimately all they talk about is that. I mean to say that there can be a narrowing. Sometimes that narrowing is so intense that something results from it and makes a poetry, and sometimes (most often, now that I think of it) it narrows into a sentimentality.

Joris: A closing down.

Rothenberg: When we saw [the Syrian poet] Adonis in Paris a few weeks ago, he was talking about the life of Arabic poetry and the obvious danger that the poetry there goes from being an instrument of exploration and vision (as it is for him and others) and becomes again an instrument for the perpetuation of fixed truths-in this case (as so often) of religious tradition. Those are two claims for poetry that are in necessary conflict.

Joris: Which is what, say, any fixed form poetry is still about. That is, anybody hanging on to, say, the sestina or trying to recover any other such fixed form-and that includes even the “fixed” form of the basic confessional creative writing class free verse poem. The desire in such work is for a bygone-or rather a fictitious-fixity in culture. The past is wet-dream from which you don’t want to wake up. When you look at any of those anthologies of either the new formalists I think they call themselves, or of the creative writing programs, what you are really confronted with is a kind of deep-seated fear, a tight-assedness about the very possibility of change-that the world is in an incredibly uncertain state, that you can’t make sense of it as it is, and have therefore to fall back on some supposed past cultural coherency. Now clearly, Nate’s sense, and our sense, is that we think the only way the world is going to cohere, or make it, rather, is if everything can be left in, in fact, has to be left in and any momentary form or formal coherence has to be made-up then and there, in situ with all the given. One has to create enough valences to make the dance possible.

Rothenberg: Nate’s project is, like ours, inherently intercultural. Which means that many things can interact, there’s an opening for the individual writer to move across boundaries. The “multicultural” thing- without an intercultural outlet-is trickier because in some ways “ethnic cleansing,” or apartheid, can also be based on a notion of the multicultural: this culture here, that culture there, this culture…

Funkhouser: That’s how it seems to work in many academic situations.

Joris: It’s identity politics, to define everything a certain way…

Rothenberg: It tends to split apart and separate and to never get to the other, the discrepant engagement.

Joris: It’s a truly useful term to think through these matters.

Funkhouser: I was wondering if you could say a few words specifically about the editing process. You have a big stack of pages here, you start with something, and you go somewhere. I know-since you’re separated geographically-you spend a lot of time talking on the phone, faxing, e- mailing texts, and so forth. The phone has been around for awhile, but the newer technologies are recently developed. We talked a little bit on- line the other night about that.

Rothenberg: We started to…

Funkhouser: I was wondering how that has all come to affect and play a role in your work as editors, and perhaps as poets, too.

Rothenberg: Well, I don’t know if I said it on-line, but I do sometimes have a feeling that if it were not for the ability we now have to communicate in all of these ways over this three thousand mile distance, that we would have ditched the project at some point. Maybe not, but we certainly would have had to handle it in another, more painful, probably less productive way. I think, really, to split the work up differently, where one of us, say, would have become totally responsible for each gallery…

Joris: One gallery each, or something of that order. The first volume was thought through and put together-at least the first editing-while we were together, while I was living on the west coast. The second one was put together at a distance. But it was the energy of the first one-we knew roughly what we wanted-and we certainly did get together on a number of occasions-like right now, the occasion is Jerry being here for a week-and he has come several times while I’ve gone to the West Coast on a number of occasions. Nothing replaces, in fact, the bull sessions, sitting around and looking and figuring out how we are going to do this. But indeed, the combination of the three, i.e. phone, fax, and e- mail…

Rothenberg: And almost no surface mail, “snail” mail…

Joris: Yes, indeed, there’s basically been no snail mail -

Rothenberg: We almost never put anything into an envelope. I think occasionally you may have sent me a package. I’ve got a fax machine, he’s got a fax machine…

Funkhouser: In a way it enables, just in the way that technology enables us to communicate with people instantaneously around the globe. It allows for things to be created in this new way. And although you’re probably mostly between the two of you dealing with the text, and maybe you have to deal with the publisher, and rights-through the phone and fax too-telecommunications seems to open up a more expedient method of getting things done.

Rothenberg: Dealing with publishers changes with fax. Part of the nitty-gritty in dealing with publishers is a question of setting prices for use of material, and there’s a certain amount of back and forth on that. If you have to do all of that by surface mail…

Joris: You’d be at it for years and years.

Rothenberg: This way, when a problem comes up, all publishers have fax, and increasingly we’re getting publishers who give their e-mail addresses, it can be addressed on the spot. In a day you can settle what would have taken weeks of negotiation back and forth.

Joris: I can’t be absolutely sure, but I’m relatively certain that the medium, however, has not in any profound way influenced the kind of book that we have generated. I think the anthology would be roughly the same if we had sat together in California these last three years.

Rothenberg: Yes. But even if we sat together in California, we would be using-or at least you would, because you’re much ahead of me on this- the net or the web as what it also is: an information gathering device. Even sitting together, in terms of reaching out, of finding what books by an author are available, of making contact with people to ask questions as they come up… On the spot.

Joris: In terms again, of speed and availability, yes, the OCLC’s WorldCat-the world wide on-line library search facility-has been a very useful tool. Having found what I need, I can use inter-library loan, and fill in at midnight my inter-library loan forms on the net, and have the book arrive in Albany ten days later. Yes, indeed, as an information gathering tool it has been fairly good. Not perfect, because a lot of the kind of material we are looking for is, of course, not material that is available in the various institutions of instruction. So there is also a fair amount of-what do you call it, footwork, that remains to be done- contacting people, getting contacted by people who knew of our project.

Rothenberg: But we pull in things like the Library of Congress, the big repositories are available. Books at least that have been registered and copyrighted.

Funkhouser: I’ve seen a couple of publications lately where I know the editors made extensive use of on-line file exchanges. It’s phenomenal, as many editors have e-mail, have the telecommunications, things comes together quickly, efficiently. It’s that sort of thing that makes me want to say to the people who resist it: ‘some really amazing human things can happen from using these tools.’

Joris: It goes both ways. You can do a lot of interesting things, but you can also lose a lot of time. Some study for basic computer in the workplace has also shown that traditionally a letter was written by a secretary once, then corrected by the boss, and that was it. Now, with the ease of computers and printers, most letters are re-written and printed out six times before they’re sent out. So, there’s also much redundancy here-and much paper wasting. But those are things that need getting used to. When I first used the machina, I was subscribing to so many lists that I could have spent twenty-four hours a day on-line, going into the RN [the Internet’s system of Usenet bulletin boards], looking at all the stuff that was happening. One could have gotten completely lost up there-and finally I think there’s more noise than info going on.

Rothenberg: Another interesting thing, particularly while some large part of the net remains free, or virtually free, to the individual user, is the global nature of the communication; that is to say, letters in the conventional sense can go between countries but also with electronic mail you can have something like real-time conversation that is simultaneously a written exchange with people across cultural and national boundaries. As long, that is, as there’s a language in common. So, getting on the POETICS list [an Internet discussion group, moderated by Charles Bernstein] was of immediate interest in that you had link-ups as a starter to the entire English-speaking world, between the States and New Zealand, Australia, England.

Funkhouser: At first, there were some Russian poets too, but they seem to have backed off. Arkadii Dragomoshenko was on the list. He said it was too much for him! But back to the anthology-and we did talk about this a bit the other night-what forms you see this global anthology opening up into?

Rothenberg: Do you mean if one were to go electronic with it?

Joris: Ideally, remember, we thought what we would have liked was for the first volume to open with a color fold-out of what is now reproduced in black-and-white inside- The [Prose Of The] Trans-Siberian [And Of Little Jeanne Of France], the [Sonia] Delaunay amp; Blaise Cendrars work originally conceived amp; done as a fold-out…

Rothenberg: It was a professional publication for the print trade [FINE PRINT] that in one issue had a nice fold out of The Trans-Siberian. We went to UC Press and said, ‘look, let’s have this fold-out.’ And they gave some consideration to it, but it would have cost such and such, and I guess they couldn’t or they wouldn’t raise the extra money specifically to do that. But foldouts are still within the book format.

Joris: But then adding to, expanding the book-format, we would have liked to see a CD-ROM at the end of the second volume. That would have been a way of pointing to this century’s technologies, and where they’re going.

Rothenberg: But publishing people, certainly in relation to this anthology (or looking back to Technicians of the Sacred), have spoken the word CD-ROM or recognized that as an alternative means of publication. And if one were doing a CD-ROM, or multimedia version of Millennium, there would be a whole range of things to do or show: the performance and sounding of poetry, the contemporary experiments with hypertext, the things that we were speaking about just now, like the use of color and other forms of visualization as part of poetry’s extended means. All of this is built into the medium itself, so what what’s irregular in a book (and what the press won’t therefore do) is simply there with CD-ROM-like color.

Funkhouser: There’s that great [John] Cage text, DIARY: How to Improve the World (You Will Only Make Matters Worse)…

Rothenberg: Yes, that original color version that [Dick] Higgins put out when he was doing Something Else Press. Although that goes into Wesleyan’s A Year From Monday in black, white and grey, screened.

Funkhouser: So, you see multimedia applications for the work.

Rothenberg: A multimedia version would be terrific.

Joris: It would be wonderful.

Rothenberg: The one problem I’ve always had with multimedia versions of things is that the text itself becomes difficult to read. I find it hard to read text off of a computer screen. But that’s to quibble, and the other things-to see figures and movements, to get a reasonable amount of background on a poet, to be able to see poets performing their own poetry, or whatever-would really be terrific. And as for the other problem, of reading poetry off the screen, you can always download and make a paper copy. Or you can publish the CD-ROM with an accompanying book, a printed text, the way you now have a compact disc with a printed insert.

Joris: I don’t think that the CD-ROM is going to supplant the book in any way. We need the book, and we need the CD-ROM too. It’s not either/or. It’s both/and.

Funkhouser: I agree. That seems to be a sensible way to approach it anyway. I don’t know if the industry is really going to embrace it quite like that, but poets probably will.

I had a couple specific questions about the anthology, and a couple of questions about anthologies in general way. The first one is, what isn’t in the anthology that you would like to have put in?

Rothenberg: The [Blaise] Cendrars Trans-Siberian (as we’ve been talking about it), and other things in color. The Blake was of course going to be in color also. He did his plates in color. David Jones, all things being equal, would have been in there with an actual excerpt, in this case from In Parenthesis, rather than the commentary (as we have it) minus the work itself.

Joris: But then Faber amp; Faber asked for just extortionary amounts of money for that, and couldn’t be budged, so we had to cut the text out but leaving in the commentary to create the sense that ‘Here, David Jones should be’-a sort of tombeau. So, that kind of thing happened, but not too often, just with two famous patriarchs.

Rothenberg: There were a number of other authors that would have been good to have, but there were questions of money and, more positively, of wanting to or needing to be global, so that we couldn’t overdo it in any one region. That would have been great, say if we had 2,000 pages to work with, but barring that, then clearly you have to draw lines.

Joris: Both volumes, at one point in their stage were much bigger. We had to cut them down to size. They already wound up being bigger than what the initial contract stipulated, and even in a way what in our minds the initial book was supposed to be…

Rothenberg: But in another sense (and to be perfectly honest) some of the cutting can really make a better book of it. To keep expanding it makes it valuable as a repository, but sometimes when you shrink it, you get a corresponding intensity. It gets sharper in the process.

Joris: Sometimes we show a few of the individual works at a longer stretch, given that the long poem is something that interests us very much.

Rothenberg: We were going to do the complete Trans-Siberian of Cendrars, for example. Instead we did three or four big chunks of it, but not the complete thing. With Mallarmé’s Un Coup dés…

Joris: It really cannot be excerpted, and so we decided to do the whole thing, to make, in fact, the point from the start, that poems have a certain size, and that this century is not the century of the small, lyric poem as the only possible, or best, or even most central mode. We try, I think, to show this in a number of ways, even if we only get six or nine pages from a poet in at a time. Certainly it would have been nice…

Funkhouser: To stretch it out a bit…

Rothenberg: I know there are other things that ideally one would do that practically aren’t feasible.

Joris: Among other things of that order, we would have liked to travel to those parts of the world that we don’t know very well to gather materials. We’re certain that in India, say, there is interesting work happening that we don’t know about. It would be great to actually go there and search it out. But unhappily that kind of fieldwork is not possible.

Funkhouser: I was wondering if you had any symbolism in mind with the cover image of the first volume of the anthology? I was thinking of the irony, the fact that the word zenith emerges, the name of a future television giant, out of this 1914 painting.

Rothenberg: That will become even clearer, won’t it, over the next few years?

Funkhouser: And then how, this pair of anthologies really is a zenith of twentieth century poetry, in print, in English. So, you have two sides of that. As far as anthologies go, it really is the biggest collection, with the widest scope. I didn’t think of it as coincidental…

Rothenberg: The cover isn’t coincidental; it means something too, both what you’re pointing out in this particular instance and that for the first time with the cover image (unlike the inside of the book) we were offered full-color reproduction. In working that out with the designer we were digging out various images and I think we had it narrowed down to three…

Joris: There was an [Guillaume] Apollinaire, there was a [Kurt] Schwitters, and I think there was a [Max] Ernst. Clearly we were looking for someone from that part of the century in whose work intersections happened, specifically where art intersected with poetry. We didn’t want an “illustration,” just a nice picture on the cover to sell the book. We wanted it to be an indication of its content. Thus all our choices were somewhere connected with the kind of poetic moves the book chronicles.

Rothenberg: The Apollinaire was the only full-color of his and done by hand. It contains a nice green color. Apollinaire, Ernst, and Schwitters were all in there as poets, and we didn’t want to do part of The Trans Siberian again, seeing that [Marjorie] Perloff has it on the cover of her Futurist Movement, but I found a catalog of Delaunay’s work with the Zenith painting, so given the title and the content of the Cendrars poem and as another instance of the Cendrars/Delaunay collaboration, it seemed the right one for our purposes. And so far, if it matters, the one typo, or mistake that I’ve come across in the whole book is in the cover credit, which mentions Delaunay all right but not Cendrars. They’re supposed to fix that up for the second printing.

Funkhouser: Is the same image going to be on the second volume, too?

Rothenberg: No. For the second volume we’ll have to find something from a later time.

Joris: We have not figured it out.

Funkhouser: These things emerge…

Joris: This will be in a year’s time, roughly.

Rothenberg: Tom Phillips…

Joris: Yes, Tom Phillips is a good possibility…

Funkhouser: It almost makes me think of what will be, a century hence, the zenith. I’m wondering if it’s going to be more visual, the form such an anthology will take now that people are working with computers. It seems like it will be different. The anthology of twenty-first century poetry…

Rothenberg: We assert that this is a preliminary to the twenty-first century, yes. But I can’t tell you what the twenty-first century will be. It’s one I expect I will have very little to do with…

Joris: You’re going to have printed matter, too. People have had print/writing around for three or four thousand years. Again, it’s not an either/or question, but a both/and situation. They may have the book and they may have the videocassette, or however the technology will pan-out. Have the CD-ROM and the laserdisc or the hologram…

Funkhouser: VR [virtual reality] goggles…

Rothenberg: Also, within the next few years we will see the commercial, big-time version of all of this coming out. We’re just first getting into it, but it won’t take more than two or three years and the industry will have made its imprint on all of these thing that we’re talking about. Obviously, that will then reflect back on the presentation of poetry and so on.

Funkhouser: Now that Microsoft and NBC have partially merged…

Joris: There are some number of ways and reasons in that. Whatever the iconoclastic, the sabotage edge of poetry has to be, it may very well have to go back to some other form of dissemination.

Rothenberg: Yeah, but there’s television, and people do video…even where they lack the means for distribution. It’s just that the early promise of-I remember when video was first coming in and hadn’t yet been made into a major public vehicle, various artist friends were saying, “Ok, we have this new medium (amp; largely unused) medium where we can disseminate art and poetry, and so forth,’ and then suddenly you realized that around it, this mammoth new entertainment industry was growing up. How many years has that been going on? Twenty?

Joris: In the late sixties, video became hot. I still have the first issue of Radical Software. Which is, I think, sixty-nine. Maybe early seventy. Yes, that promise has not been kept. If you look at the video art of that period, it’s very static. One thing was, you didn’t have the editing possibilities you had with filming. I know friends who experimented feverishly with video-only to go back to making movies. editing made video a difficult medium whereas film’s cut-amp;-glue editing, i.e. montage-and collage-had always been core elements of twentieth-century art and it’s aesthetic sensibility. This only changed when computerized, digital editing came in. So there was this odd decade-long gap where you had the kind of avant-garde possibility offered by a new medium, but remaining unfulfilled because another piece of hardware was missing.

Funkhouser: It will be interesting to see where it goes.

You’ve probably noticed that there have been a few, in the last couple of years, more anthologies coming out. There has been a trend towards anthologies. I’m wondering if this might be some-like Michael Joyce and Jay Bolter are describing things as ‘The Late Age of Print.’ Now, even if it’s hyperbole, there’s always going to be the alphabetic text that goes along with sonic or visual interpretations we have. It probably is coincidental that people are trying to lay down some definitive texts in print. That’s one way I’ve been looking at this-why are all these anthologies coming out? Why is there this need for the definitive…

Rothenberg: Well, let’s say within the anthology world-there has been a big production of anthologies for a student market. And those keep getting churned out. What’s been notable for us over the last five or six years (maybe less) is the appearance of at least several big anthologies touching on those areas the more canonical anthology makers have marginalized. Specifically, in the American instance, the anthologies from [Eliot] Weinberger, [Paul] Hoover, and [Douglas] Messerli. And what we’re doing. Suddenly, for the moment, all of those are in print, and it represents an availability of what had not been available since the Donald Allen anthology [ The New American Poetry ], which itself had had its life, and had gone out of print a couple of times, with one or two attempts to revive it. I don’t know what version of it is now in print, although I heard that someone was going to reprint the original version. But suddenly there are a number of these books that we can feel a kinship to, and I think it’s partly that some people who see poetry in a truly contemporary and radical way have now reached a certain age and certain position and are able to insert themselves successfully into that kind of work. I’m also very curious about our own sponsorship by the Comparative Literature Association at the upcoming MLA [Modern Language Association] meetings [in Chicago], which I’m a little suspicious of, while recognizing how little that is compared to what the academic world has regularly embraced and sponsored. I don’t know what we’re going to find when we actually show up there, but I expect it to be friendly enough or (at the worst) indifferent. I suspect that it’s a few people in the CLA, Marjorie [Perloff], and some others, who are friendly to this project, and have therefore allowed us their space and their sponsorship. But that’s certainly something such that I had never anticipated.

Joris: Well, we are coming to the end of the century, and our first volume covers the period from 1897 (Mallarmé’s Throw of the Dice) to, roughly, WWII. So that’s a relatively safe period, by academic standards-it’s history. And what we’ve done is to discard all the dross and dregs that had accumulated for any number of reasons to older anthologies covering that period, while adding those poets amp; movements willfully or otherwise left out previously. It is a new look at and over what should by now be a familiar landscape-and as such should be a readable proposition for anybody with intelligence- and I guess some curiosity and passion-in the academe, i.e. to anybody who doesn’t have a completely conservative approach or believes that only Eliot amp; Stevens should be rescued from that period. The second volume will be a different, more complicated matter. It covers a period closer to us, and because of that there will be a range of concerns on both sides, the conservative and the progressive. On one side that will take the shape of: ‘How come you only have [Charles] Olson and [Robert] Duncan and [Robert] Creeley there, and there is no Robert Lowell.’ Or you can replace those names by any number of other ones. That kind of thing is sure to come up.

Rothenberg: Once we’re into the second volume, we’re out of the territory where there’s anything like a consensus between us and them, at least us and them on the American side. But on other things also besides the selection of poets. One of the things, for example, that breaks strongly with the more academic view of the earlier part of the century is the attention that we give to movements. Within the literary world-though not within the art world, certainly-there has been an attempt (a consensus in fact) to forget most of that. I would think that people are going to be bothered by our foregrounding of the movements. The attention we’ve given in both volumes to the more radical forms of poetry is (without our being limited to that) another crucial difference. We move it from one half of the century to the other, which is somewhat impeded by our format. We have a project here that was done one volume at a time, so that we have a break at mid-century and aren’t able adequately to carry people across it. At the beginning of the second volume, we’ll have a small section of continuities, but a lot of late work by some very notable figures will be missing. In practice, we would have ended up not carrying through on that. In practice, for example, we’re not able bring in any of the later Basil Bunting, although we represented him with earlier lighter work in volume one, while thinking we would later come to Briggflatts. If we had known that we wouldn’t, we could have non-chronologically brought Briggflatts into volume one. On the other hand, we have early [Andre] Breton in volume one and late Breton in volume two; we have early [Ezra] Pound and we have late Pound; and early and late [Gertrude] Stein; and a number of others. There’s a limit to how much we can get into a second volume-how much from the first period we can carry along in that way. If we had had the leisure, the patience, to do the entire thing without a break, and then to publish it, we might have done it differently. We had to do it this way, I think, in order to ensure publication, about which I think we were always, until it happened, rather uncertain. That means I kept on thinking, ‘Something is going to fuck this up, let’s get something out’-so, rather than working on a single sixteen-hundred pages…

Joris: We completed one volume, then got that volume to the publisher before proceeding with the second one. In fact, early along we were playing with a number of possibilities, but the various contingencies of the actual work shaped the project into what it has become.

Rothenberg: At one point, actually, it was a three-volume set, but they would have been shorter volumes…

Funkhouser: The other day, one of the off-hand comments you made on the IRC was that the second volume was “truly awesome,” and I was wondering if that is because the content is more provocative, or whether it was the project that you have ahead of you?

Rothenberg: Dealing with the amount of content that we’re aware of for the second half of the century is very difficult: the number of poets that are now meaningful for us. As you look back to the earlier part of the century, things have…

Joris: Decanted… [laughter]

Rothenberg: You’re not overwhelmed back then by the number of people that you have to deal with. As we come up to the contemporary, until finally, we found, with the more contemporary (and I mean the very contemporary, the younger contemporary), who do you pick, say, as representative of poets born after 1975 or something? Pick out one person here or there, or what?

Joris: You can’t. We knew from the beginning that it would be difficult to end the book exactly because of that problem. In a way, considerations of space help us solve it. We’re probably going to be stuck with the fifties as the birth-decade for the youngest poets in the book.

Funkhouser: That leaves room for the next anthology…

Joris: It becomes that, a possible opening out from where we end… The trouble is, coming to today, that one is aware of too much work, and one is interested in too much work. To sort that out, i.e. to evaluate all of the current production at this point is not feasible for us-nor is it really our brief for this project. It also poses the interesting question of how one is able-if one is able at all-to read amp; evaluate the work of much younger writers.

Funkhouser: Do you have any crazy ideas for projects after the second volume? [laughter by all]

Joris: Take a rest, read all the non-twentieth-century poetry books, all the novels amp; non-fiction books that have accumulated these last six years. And maybe write a bunch of small, witty, elegant poems…as a kind of counter-move… But seriously, essentially to get back to my own work…

Rothenberg: After every anthology, I said, ‘That’s it, never again!’ But this should be it.

Joris: [Jokingly] It’s the anthology to end all anthologies!

Funkhouser: Seems like it…

Joris: We’ll wait to the next century…

Rothenberg: An anthology of everything.

***

Chris Funkhouser edited The Little Magazine Volume 21 CD- ROM, and is responsible for two on-line poetry and poetics journals, Descriptions of an Imaginary Universe and Passages. His work has recently appeared in Talisman, Hambone, and Callaloo. His hypertext, POETRY WEBS, was produced in conjunction with the 1996 European Media Arts Festival.


          Hamas Kekal 'Pengganas', 'Harimau Tamil' Tidak.. Putar Belit Bangsat!        

Hasil carian imej untuk perjuangan hamas Khaled Meshal, pemimpin Hamas.
LUXEMBOURG – Mahkamah tertinggi Kesatuan Eropah (EU) mengekalkan status Hamas sebagai pergerakan pengganas tetapi memadamkan kumpulan pemberontak Harimau Tamil daripada senarai hitam berkenaan.
Panel hakim Mahkamah Keadilan Eropah (ECJ) semalam membatalkan keputusan Mahkamah Besar pada 2014 bahawa Majlis EU, blok yang dianggotai oleh 28 negara, tidak cukup bukti untuk terus membekukan aset dan melaksanakan sekatan perjalanan ke atas Hamas.
Mahkamah lebih rendah itu memutuskan bahawa senarai hitam EU itu dibuat berdasarkan laporan media dan internet dan bukannya pihak berkuasa yang cekap.
Namun, ECJ berkata, keputusan demikian hanya untuk penyenaraian awal dan tidak diperlukan untuk mengekalkan Hamas dalam senarai hitam EU.
“EU boleh mengekalkan mana-mana individu atau entiti dalam senarai ini sekiranya ia merumuskan bahawa individu atau entiti tersebut terlibat dalam aktiviti keganasan,” kata ECJ
Imej yang berkaitan
Hasil carian imej untuk perjuangan hamas
Dalam kes serupa, ECJ sebaliknya memutuskan bahawa pemberontak Harimau Pembebasan Tamil Eelam (LTTE) perlu dipadamkan daripada senarai pengganas EU.
Menurut mahkamah sama, EU gagal mengemukakan sebarang bukti untuk menunjukkan bahawa wujud risiko LTTE melancarkan serangan baharu selepas kekalahannya dalam tahun 2009.
Hamas yang mentadbir Genting Gaza berada dalam senarai pengganas EU sejak tahun 2003. 
Lapor Reuters
Begitulah putarbelit terhadap perjuangan Islam Hamas dalam membela kebenaran dan keadilan dari penjajah bangsat Zionis. (IH)
IKLAN IH
Hasil carian imej untuk tukang gunting rambut lelaki
Dikehendaki Segera!! Tukang Gunting Rambut Lelaki 
Berminat, sila klik ...


          Pics from Paris: Seeing Red at Luxembourg Gardens        
Luxembourg Gardens Paris by definingyourhome
Luxembourg Gardens, Paris.  15 Sept 2013
The fashionable color combo around the Senate building at Luxembourg Gardens is red and purple. This is another favorite garden in Paris where I've never seen the same combinations repeated on my many visits over the years.

Luxembourg Gardens Paris by definingyourhome
Familiar flowers combined for a unique design.
Castor bean, dahlias, petunias and geraniums dominate.
Luxembourg Gardens Paris by definingyourhome

Luxembourg Gardens Paris - Defining Your Home Garden and Travel
Panoramic view of public section of the gardens.
Pink (begonias and anemones) and blue plumbago towers (corners) are introduced.
Luxembourg Gardens Paris - Defining Your Home Garden and Travel
I like the use of purple fountain grass and purple spires of salvia.
Luxembourg Gardens Paris by Defining Your Home Garden and Travel
Add caption
Luxembourg Gardens Paris by Defining Your Home Garden and Travel
I'm inspired by the spires of salvia. Love this look.
Luxembourg Gardens Paris by Defining Your Home Garden and Travel
On a smaller scale, this would look great in a cottage garden.
The color coordination of my scarf with
the garden was purely coincidental.

Words and photos by Freda Cameron, Defining Your Home, Garden and Travel.  All company or product or patented names mentioned are registered trademarks, copyrights, or patents owned by those respective companies or persons.

          Tesco Polska: Zmiana udziałowców        
W Krajowym Rejestrze Sądowym dokonano wpisu dla spółki Tesco Polska wykreślając z listy udziałowców Delamare Luxembourg S.A.R.L., posiadającego 7.007.436 udziałów o wartości 3.503.718.000 zł a wpisując w to miejsce Tesco Europe B.V., jako 100 proc. udziałowca Tesco Polska.
          Origine, pays touchés, mesures... : ce que l'on sait du scandale des œufs contaminés        
Au total dix pays européens sont concernés : Pays-Bas, Allemagne, Belgique, France, Royaume-Uni, Suède, Suisse, Luxembourg, Danemark et Roumanie. L'Autriche est sur ses gardes. Des millions d’œufs ont été contaminés au fipronil, insecticide dont l'usage sur les animaux destinés à la consommation est pourtant interdit. Voici...
          More Than One in 10 "Suffering" Worldwide        
An average of 13% of adults worldwide rated their lives poorly enough to be "suffering" in 2011. Suffering ranged from 45% in Bulgaria to 1% or less in the United Arab Emirates, Netherlands, Luxembourg, Canada, Thailand, and Brazil.
          Early Discount for RCP Training Ends Friday, August 31        
The 10% early bird discount for Eclipse RCP training ends this Friday, August 31, 2007. The Eclipse Foundation, in partnership with Eclipse training companies, is holding training sessions that will take place in Amsterdam, Berlin, Boston, Braunschweig, Brussels, Chicago, Copenhagen, Denver, Luxembourg, Paris, San Francisco, San Jose, Stockholm, Stuttgart and Portland.
          Announcing a New Eclipse RCP Training Series        
The Eclipse Foundation, in partnership with Eclipse training companies Anyware Technologies, AvantSoft, BREDEX, Industrial TSI, Innoopract and WeigleWilczek, are pleased to announce a series of RCP training classes. Classes will occur between September 17 and October 5 and will take place in Amsterdam, Berlin, Boston, Braunschweig, Brussels, Chicago, Denver, Luxembourg, Paris, San Francisco, San Jose, Stuttgart and Portland.
          Pengalaman Mengajukan Visa Schengen (Belanda) di VFS Global Surabaya (Mei 2017)        
Europe, wait me! (Sumber : Disini)

Setelah kemarin sempat menulis Cara Mengajukan Visa China di Surabaya, pada kesempatan ini aku akan berbagi pengalamanku kembali mengurus Visa Schengen di VFS Global Belanda Surabaya. Sebelum mengajukan Visa Schengen ini, aku sering searching informasi di google dan mendapati postingan blogger yang menceritakan pengalamannya apply visa itu sangat-sangat membantu. Jadi lewat postingan ini aku ingin balas budi, supaya bisa membantu teman-teman lainnya yang mau mengajukan Visa Schengen juga.

Mendapatkan Visa Schengen mungkin adalah salah satu hal yang paling membahagiakan untukku. Karena inilah pertama kali aku akan ke Eropa dan bisa backpackeran di luar Asia. Meskipun sampai detik ini belum beli tiket (karena hampir semua harga tiket melambung tinggi dikarenakan waktu keberangkatanku mendekati waktu lebaran), belum booking bus, pesawat, selama disana, ditambah sedikit masalah terjadi sewaktu aku akan refund tiketku Kuala Lumpur - Moscow - Kuala Lumpur via Traveloka, tapi aku memandang semuanya dengan optimis.

Aku mengajukan Visa Schengen via VFS Global Surabaya (perwakilan Belanda, Belgia dan Luksemburg) yang beralamat di Lantai 15 R.1506 Garaha Pena Surabaya. Lokasi Graha Pena sendiri berada di Jalan Ahmad Yani No 88, cukup dekat dari Terminal Bungurasih (naik gojek pakai Gopay cuma Rp 6000). Alasan klasik mengajukan di VFS Global Belanda Surabaya, selain karena aku memang mau mengunjungi Belanda, juga karena aku malas ke Jakarta. Karena domisiliku di Surabaya Pusat, aku cukup naik motor saja ke Gedung Graha Pena (daripada naik kereta atau pesawat ke Jakarta kan, mehooong hehehe).

Jadi langkah pertama yang harus teman lakukan untuk mencari update/informasi terbaru mengenai ketentuan visa, persyaratan lengkap visa, biaya pembuatan visa, hari kerja, hari libur, jam penyerahan aplikasi/pengambilan paspor, maka teman harus menuju ke situs resmi VFS Global Surabaya disini.


Jika teman sudah masuk ke website resmi VFS Global, maka tampilan diatas adalah tampilan yang akan muncul. Terdapat tiga langkah sederhana untuk pengajuan visa ke Belanda yakni 1) Mengetahui Tipe Visa Anda 2) Cara Mengajukan Aplikasi Visa dan 3) Setelah Pengajuan Aplikasi Visa.

1) Mengetahui Tipe Visa Anda
  • Jika Anda ingin mengunjungi Belanda untuk waktu yang singkat, Anda harus memperoleh visa untuk masuk jika Anda datang dari negara dengan persyaratan visa untuk datang ke Belanda.
  • Visa biasanya memberi Anda hak untuk tinggal di seluruh wilayah Schengen. Negara-negara Schengen adalah: Austria, Belgia, Republik Ceko, Denmark, Estonia, Finlandia, Perancis, Jerman, Yunani, Hungaria, Islandia, Italia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luksemburg, Malta, Belanda, Norwegia, Polandia, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanyol, Swedia dan Swiss. Visa dapat memberikan Anda hak untuk menghabiskan maksimal 90 hari per 6 bulan di wilayah Schengen.
  • Semua aplikasi visa harus ditandatangani oleh pemohon yang bersangkutan.
  • Semua bagan dalam formulir aplikasi harus diisi dengan benar, formulir yang tidak lengkap dapat membuat proses berjalan lebih lambat bahkan penolakan.
  • Kedutaan berhak untuk meminta dokumen serta informasi tambahan saat memproses aplikasi.
  • Warga negara Non-Indonesia harus tinggal secara legal di Indonesia, baik atas dasar visa untuk Indonesia atau ijin kerja / tinggal yang sah di Indonesia.
  • Paspor harus berlaku minimal 3 bulan setelah berakhirnya visa.
  • Huruf berwarna biru adalah ketentuan umum yang ada di website VFS Global Surabaya. Jadi tipe visa ke Belanda itu ada beberapa seperti:
  • Visa Turis (yang akan saya jabarkan di postingan ini), 
  • Visa Undangan (keluarga/teman)
  • Visa Pelaut
  • Visa Bisnis
  • Transit Bandara
  • Kerabat Uni Eropa
  • Visa Studi Jangka Pendek
  • serta Visa Kunjungan Resmi
2) Cara Mengajukan Aplikasi Visa

Langkah 1

Aplikasi-aplikasi visa untuk negara Belanda, Belgia dan Luxembourg diterima di Pusat Aplikasi Visa negeri Belanda. Mohon menjadwalkan perjanjian kepada pusat aplikasi visa sebelum melakukan penyerahan.

Buat janji temu untuk menyerahkan dokumen aplikasi di Pusat Aplikasi Visa (Wajib). Anda Wajib membuat janji temu terlebih dahulu sebelum melakukan aplikasi . Pelayanan ini tidak dikenakan biaya akan tetapi tergantung dari ketersediaan tempat. Untuk membuat perjanjian, silahkan klik di sini

Untuk informasi lebih lengkap mengenai pembuatan Janji Temu, mohon klik di sini.

Langkah 2

Sebelum aplikasi mohon memastikan anda sudah jelas sekali ‘maksud kunjungan’ anda – ingatlah kami ada untuk membantu dan menolong anda melalui proses aplikasi visa secara keseluruhan tetapi tidak diizinkan untuk memberi advis atau memandu anda mengenai pemilihan kategori visa. Karena pekerjaan utama kami adalah bersifat administratif kami tidak mempunyai hak apa pun apakah anda akan diberi visa dan berapa lama diperlukan untuk memproses aplikasi anda karena hal itu secara keseluruhan merupakan prerogatif Kedutaan atau Konsulat.

Langkah 3

Mohon ke link “Jenis-Jenis Visa” untuk mengerti rincian berbagai macam visa.

Langkah 4

Mohon pastikan anda telah membaca pemberitahuan-pemberitahuan peraturan keamanan sebelum anda mengunjungi Pusat Aplikasi Visa. Mohon dicatat: direkomendasikan untuk menyerahkan aplikasi jauh sebelum tanggal kepergian yang diperkirakan. Semua pemohon visa direkomendasikan untuk mengkonfirmasi rencana perjalanan mereka hanya setelah memperoleh visa.
Diperlukan secara rata-rata 15 hari kalender untuk memutuskan permohonan aplikasi-aplikasi visa. Mungkin akan ada penangguhan sesuai dengan musim dan jenis visa.
Mohon dicatat: Setelah aplikasi untuk Visa, pemohon tidak dapat meminjam paspor mereka dari Kedutaan.
Juga mohon merencanakan kepergian lain anda HANYA setelah menerima kembali paspor anda dari Kedutaan.
Huruf berwarna biru adalah ketentuan umum cara mengajukan aplikasi visa yang ada di website VFS Global Surabaya, sedangkan huruf hitam adalah apa yang saya lakukan dan siapkan berdasarkan syarat tersebut. Sekarang mari kita rincikan langkah demi langkah sesuai dengan yang saya lakukan pada Mei 2017 lalu.

A. Sebelum melakukan Langkah 1, membuat janji temu dengan VFS Global Belanda Surabaya, maka pemohon harus menyiapkan persyaratan-persyaratan Visa Schengen terlebih dahulu. Syarat lengkapnya bisa dilihat disini. Daftar syarat tersebut berbentuk PDF, dan daftar itu pula yang akan digunakan oleh petugas VFS untuk mengecek kelengkapan pemohon. Di bawah ini adalah dokumen-dokumen yang kupersiapkan sebelum membuat janji temu:

PERSYARATAN VISA SCHENGEN VIA BELANDA (Mei 2017):

1. Formulir Pengajuan Visa Schengen yang sudah diisi lengkap dan ditandatangani. Formulir aplikasi Schengen bisa didownload disini.


2. Paspor asli dengan masa berlaku minimal 3 bulan, tapi untuk jaga-jaga sebaiknya masa berlaku paspor minimal 6 bulan. Hal itu dikarenakan penerbangan ke Eropa pasti akan transit (entah di Kuala Lumpur, Singapura, Doha, Abu Dhabi, Istanbul, dll), sehingga untuk menghindari penolakan penerbangan. Kemudian paspor anda harus setidaknya mempunyai 2 halaman kosong, 1 halaman untuk stiker visa, 1 halaman untuk cap ketibaan/kepergian.


Aturan untuk paspor menurut Kedutaan Belanda adalah sebagai berikut:

> Paspor atau dokumen travel anda harus valid setidaknya 3 bulan sejak tanggal anda meninggalkan Area Schengen.
> Paspor atau dokumen travel anda setidaknya harus mempunyai 2 halaman kosong.
> Paspor atau dokumen travel anda tidak boleh dikeluarkan lebih dari 10 tahun yang lalu.

Paspor asli tersebut harus dilengkapi dengan:

> Fotocopi halaman detail informasi pribadi (halaman depan paspor)
> Fotocopi Visa-visa sebelumnya yang pernah dipunyai dari semua cap masuk/cap keluar (saya fotocopi semua visa dan cap masuk di semua halaman paspor saya)
> Fotocopy Halaman detail informasi pribadi paspor yang pernah dimiliki sebelumnya beserta visa-visanya

3. Jika anda mengajukan Visa Schengen untuk anak anda yang akan traveling sendiri atau hanya ditemani dengan 1 orangtua, mohon untuk menambahkan dokumen berikut ini (saya langsung copi dari Bahasa Inggrisnya supaya tidak membuat perbedaan pemahaman.Jika anda akan traveling sendiri/traveling dengan teman/traveling dengan anak dan suami/istri anda, maka tahap ini dapat dilewati.
An extract of the minor’s birth certificate. 
An identity document bearing the parents’ signature (1document for each parent).

A declaration of consent from both parents, stating that the minor can travel.
If relevant: a court judgement stating which parent has been allocated parental responsibility for the minor. 
If relevant: a declaration from the minor’s school consenting to his/her absence.


4. Bukti Tempat Tinggal Resmi
Evidence of legal residence in the country you are applying from, e.g. a passport, visa or residence permit and a copy. Residence permit should be valid for at least 3 months after departure from Schengen.
Work permit (if applicable).

Aku cukup bingung pada tahap ini, bagi WNI maksudnya KTP , KK dan Akta Lahir. Jadi aku memberikan fotocopi ketiganya dan translate Bahasa Inggrisnya yang kubuat sendiri (tidak perlu penerjemah tersumpah - Mei 2017). Contoh Translate KTP, KK dan Akta Lahir bisa didownload di bawah ini:


Terjemahan KTP dan KK

Terjemahan Akta Lahir

5. Foto 3,5 x 4,5 cm yang memenuhi persyaratan foto Kedutaan Belanda. Foto ini tidak boleh diambil lebih dari 6 bulan yang lalu dan harus jelas. Ketentuan foto lebih lanjut silahkan dilihat disini. Background foto putih. Saran saya, fotolah di studio foto yang mempunyai nama ternama. Dijamin foto tidak akan salah. Bilang saja untuk pengajuan Visa Schengen.



5. BUKTI PERJALANAN


Itinerary Travel (Reservasi perjalanan menuju dan meninggalkan Area Schengen atas nama anda, bukan tiket). Maksudnya adalah reservasi tiket pesawat menuju dan meninggalkan area Schengen. Reservasi tiket pesawat gratis bisa dilakukan sendiri via website Turkish Airline atau KLM. Reservasi ini sebaiknya jangan dibayar dahulu, tetapi menunggu keputusan visa keluar atau tidak. Hal yang menjadi perhatian, karena saya apply melalui Kedutaan Besar Belanda, maka supaya lebih meyakinkan saya buat reservasi tiket pesawat saya Jakarta - Amsterdam - Jakarta menggunakan Turkish Airline. Keuntungan membuat reservasi di Turkish Airline adalah, reservasi tersebut bisa bertahan selama seminggu. Jadi cukuplah waktunya sampai berkas kita diterima oleh Pejabat di Kedutaan Belanda. Tips lainnya, sebaiknya reservasi tersebut penerbangannya berasal dari Indonesia, jangan Malaysia atau Singapura.


Contoh tiket hasil reservasi di website Turkish Airline yang kubawa ke VFS Global.

>Itinerary/rencana perjalanan. Karena mengajukan visa di Kedutaan Belanda, maka Belanda haruslah negara yang pertama kali anda kunjungi atau paling lama anda kunjungi. Contoh itinerary yang kumasukkan ke dalam aplikasiku adalah sebagai berikut:



> Dokumen-dokumen yang membuktikan bahwa kunjungan anda adalah untuk tujuan turisme. Selain reservasi tiket pesawat, itinerary perjalanan, reservasi hotel, asuransi kesehatan, saya juga menyertakan surat izin dari atasan saya yang menyatakan bahwa saya bepergian untuk traveling ke Eropa dari tanggal 23 Juni sd 4 Juli dan akan kembali bekerja setelah pulang dari Eropa.


Contoh surat keterangan kerja dan surat izin dari atasan yang kubawa ke VFS Global.

> Reservasi penginapan/hotel selama durasi kunjungan. Ini sangat mudah, kunjungi saja booking.com dan booking saja hotel yang bisa dibatalkan gratis (free cancellation). Hal yang harus diperhatikan, bookingan tersebut jangan terburu-buru dibatalkan setelah aplikasi diserahkan ke VFS. Batalkan setelah keputusan visa anda keluar.

> Surat Pernyataan dari Bank tentang Transaksi Rekening 3 bulan terakhir (dalam Bahasa Inggris)

Karena status saya pegawai pemerintahan, maka saya menggunakan Rekening Bank Jatim. Sewaktu saya meminta pernyataan transaksi 3 bulan terakhir, mereka hanya memberikan surat pernyataan yang menyatakan bahwa rekening saya aktif, tidak ada kata-kata jumlah uang di debet terakhir. Akhirnya saya memberikan surat pernyataan tersebut ditambahkan fotocopi buku tabungan 3 bulan terakhir. Waktu itu itinerary saya 12 hari, dan jumlah uang di rekening sekitar Rp 63 juta.

> Jika anda pekerja, surat pernyataan dari atasan anda yang menyatakan waktu absen anda. 

Ini mudah, anda hanya perlu meminta surat pernyataan bekerja dari kantor anda, ditandatangan oleh Manajer/HRD/Sekretaris Dinas (untuk yang bekerja di Kantor Pemerintahan). Jangan lupa diberi cap. Contoh punya saya seperti ini:

> Dokumen-dokumen yang membuktikan bahwa anda akan kembali ke negara anda setelah perjalanan selesai.


Contohnya (dari website VFS):

• A recent declaration from your employer, an employment contract or other information proving you are employed in your country of origin. 
• A document proving you are in education or training in your country of origin. 
• A document proving your children attend school in your country of origin. 
• A document proving you have a home or other immovable property in your country of origin. 
• A document proving you are a caregiver in your country of origin
.
Kalau saya, ini saya satu paketkan dengan surat pernyataan dari kantor seperti format diatas. Karena di surat pernyataan kantor diatas sudah saya sebutkan bahwa saya adalah pegawai kantor saya dan akan kembali ke Indonesia setelah menyelesaikan perjalanan saya.


6. BUKTI ASURANSI KESEHATAN
Bukti asuransi kesehatan ini mencakup dokumen resmi dari penjamin asuransi anda yang membuktikan bahwa:
a. Ketentuan tentang asuransi kesehatan tertulis atas nama anda.
b. Asuransi ada valid digunakan di Area Schengen selama durasi kunjungan anda.
c. Tanggungan uang kesehatan yang bisa diklaim setidaknya 30.000 euro, termasuk perawatan rumah sakit, penanganan keadaan darurat dan termasuk pemulangan (termasuk kematian).

Untuk asuransi kesehatan, kemarin aku memakai asuransi AXA Gold dengan tanggungan maksimal Rp 3.000.000.000. Kebetulan dapat pas promo cuma Rp 130.000 untuk setahun. Satu tips untuk asuransi, jika membeli online dan mendapatkan konfirmasi dan asuransinya via email, yang diprint dan dibawa ke VFS Global jangan hanya halaman iktisar polis dan konfirmasi polis saja ya, tapi termasuk rincian tabel biaya santunan dan yang halaman yang menyatakan jumlah maksimal tanggungan.

7. VISA
Visa, Izin tinggal atau paspor yang memberi anda izin masuk ke tujuan akhir anda setelah mengunjungi Area Schengen.

Karena tujuan akhirku adalah negara tercinta, Indonesia, maka ya cuma butuh paspor itu sendiri. 

8. PEMBAYARAN
Pembayaran biaya visa pada saat mengajukan aplikasi.

Sewaktu aku mengajukan Mei 2017 kemarin, biayanya sebesar Rp 1.200.000, meliputi 60 euro untuk biaya visa itu sendiri dan sisanya untuk biaya pemrosesan VFS. Jika menambah pemberitahuan sms, menambah Rp 20.000.

B. Setelah mempersiapkan persyaratan seperti diatas dan membuat janji temu disini, saya datang pada waktu perjanjian yang telah ditentukan (17 Mei 2017) dengan membawa syarat-syarat ke VFS Global Belanda Surabaya. VFS Global Belanda Surabaya di Lantai 15 R.1506 Garaha Pena Surabaya. Lokasi Graha Pena sendiri berada di Jalan Ahmad Yani No 88. Untuk parkir motor berada di sebelah barat KFC.

C. Begitu masuk Gedung Graha Pena, saya langsung naik ke Lantai 15 dan menuju kantor VFS Global. Saat masuk ke dalam, seorang satpam wanita yang sangat ramah langsung menyapa saya dan menanyakan lembar konfirmasi janji temu saya. Setelahnya dilakukan pemeriksaan badan singkat dan isi tas. Dari sini, HP harus dinonaktifkan dan dilarang memotret di dalam.

D. Masuk ke dalam ruangan VFS, di dalam sudah menunggu beberapa orang yang akan mengajukan Visa Schengen juga. Berdebar rasanya hati ini, sekaligus senang. Waah, akhirnya ane bisa juga mengajukan visa ini setelah sekian lama hanya bermimpi hehe. Akhirnya satpam yang lain, yang tidak kalah ramah juga, memanggil saya kemudian meminta lembar konfirmasi janji temu saya untuk digantikan dengan nomor urut dan secarik kertas.

E. Setelah menunggu sejenak, akhirnya nama saya dipanggil oleh Mbak VFS. Saya langsung menyerahkan berkas-berkas persyaratan yang sudah saya siapkan. Mbak VFS dengan sigap memeriksa berkas saya dengan sangat ramah.

Mbak VFS : "Ini asuransinya asli ya?"

Saya : " Iya asli mbak. Saya beli online dan dapat soft copinya."

Mbak VFS : " Pergi sendiri atau sama teman?"

Saya : "Sama teman mbak, ini sebelah saya." (dan akhirnya teman saya ini membatalkan perjalanan sehingga saya terpaksa solo traveling huhu)

Sembari bertanya, Mbak VFS terus menegtik-ngetik informasi di PCnya. Dan ane lega setengah mati saat dia mencetak lembar konfirmasi permohonan. Berarti lengkap sudah syarat ane, nggak perlu bolak-balik untuk melengkapi syarat. Setelah membayar Rp 1.220.000, saya menunggu kembali di bangku untuk menunggu pengumpulan data biometrik.

F. Menunggu beberapa saat. akhirnya saya dipanggil oleh seorang Bapak untuk pengumpulan data biometrik (foto dan cap jari). Saat masuk ke ruangannya tiba-tiba tegang juga ya hehehe, takutnya ane diwawancara macam-macam dan kalau jawabnya gugup maka aplikasi bisa ditolak. Tapi ternyata disini ane cuma ditanya tanggal lahir aja, kemudian foto dan cap jari. Selesai. Gitu doank.

G. Tahap F merupakan tahapan terakhir dalam pengajuan Visa Schengen di VFS Global Surabaya. Setelah ini tinggal tahap penantian, apakah Visa Schengenku diterima atau ditolak? Hanya Kedutaan Belanda yang tahu... Hehehehe...Waktu pemrosesan sekitar 2 minggu, cukup lama karena paspor dan aplikasi kita akan dikirimkan ke Kuala Lumpur dahulu.

UPDATE:
18 Mei 2017
Email dari VFS Global


31 Mei 2017
Email dari VFS Global


2 Juni 2017

Yeaaaaahhhh... Visa Schengeku granted. Thank you GOD.....! Dikasih 3 bulan kurang.... rencana perjalanan yang kutulis di aplikasi 24 Juni 2017 sd 4 Juli 2017, diberi visa dari 22 Juni 2017 sd 6 Agustus 2017. Lumayanlah!

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Pascal Morin has been an acquaintance of mine since I was the Bloomberg account manager for Dexia Bank in Luxembourg back in 2001. He was the smart guy in the corner office all the private bankers went to when they had a question and has been working with Iain Little and Bruce Albrecht for much of the last decade. I look forward to reading the English translation of his work when it comes out.


          Oskar Blues to Expand Overseas        

Now that Oskar Blues Brewery has reached into all 50 states in the USA, it's time for this once small brewery, now large, to expand to other countries. And Oskar Blues already has a plan. Read on for the details on where they are headed next.

OSKAR BLUES BREWERY ANNOUNCES EXPANSION IN TO NINE INTERNATIONAL MARKETS

[Press Release] LONGMONT, Colo., BREVARD, N.C. & AUSTIN, Texas - The craft beer-in-a-can pioneers are hopping overseas once again to quench international thirst for Oskar Blues Brewery.

After experiencing explosive domestic growth in the past year, achieving 50-state distribution (Montana), Oskar Blues will launch in Puerto Rico, Spain, Chile, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Belgium by the end of 2016, and in Brazil, New Zealand and Japan in early 2017.

Oskar Blues is currently available in all 50 U.S. states, Washington D.C., the United Kingdom, Ireland, Sweden, parts of Canada and Australia.

"After launching the canned craft beer movement in the U.S. we're ready to push boundaries around the globe." said Chris Russell, Business Development Director of Oskar Blues. "As American craft beer travels worldwide we want to challenge the perception of cans once again."

International Distributor Partners:

Australia - Phoenix Beers
Belgium - AmeriCraft
Brazil - The Beer Concept Trading Company
Canada (British Columbia, Alberta and Ontario) - TruCraft (AFIC)
Chile - Global Craft
Ireland - Grand Cru
Japan - Global Craft and Nagano Trading
Luxembourg - AmeriCraft
New Zealand - Global Craft
Puerto Rico - Craft Beer Distributors of Puerto Rico
Spain - Crusat
Sweden - Great Brands
The Netherlands - AmeriCraft
UK - Vertical Drinks Ltd

In 2015, the brewery achieved over 30 percent growth in year-over-year sales and is forecasted to surpass 215,000 BBLS in 2016. This year was highlighted with the opening of a 50,000 square foot brewery in Austin, Texas and a 21,000 square foot expansion in Brevard, North Carolina; doubling its capacity. The continued growth includes the collaborative addition of Cigar City Brewing in Florida, 92% increase in production of Michigan's Perrin Brewing Company and the expansion of Oskar Blues' ancillary brand offerings including B. Stiff & Sons Old Fashioned Sodas, Oskar Blues Fooderies, Hotbox Roasters and REEB Cycles.

To learn more about Oskar Blues, visit www.oskarblues.com.

About Oskar Blues Brewery

Founded by Dale Katechis in 1997 in Lyons, Colorado, Oskar Blues Brewery launched the craft beer-in-a-can apocalypse with their hand-canned, flagship brew Dale's Pale Ale. Today, Oskar Blues is one of the fastest growing breweries in the country and operates breweries in Longmont, Colorado and Brevard, North Carolina, and now Austin, Texas, while producing 192,000 barrels in 2015. The original canned craft brewery continues push innovation with creations like The Crowler, Hotbox Coffee Roasters, B. Stiff & Sons Old Fashioned Sodas, Oskar Blues Fooderies, and REEB Cycles. Oskar Blues is available in all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., parts of Canada, Puerto Rico Sweden, Spain, Chile, the Netherlands, Belgium, the U.K., Ireland and Australia.

In 2013, Oskar Blues founded the CAN'd Aid Foundation, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit public charity that offers grassroots grants to those making a difference in the areas of community, the environment, music, and more. In 2015 alone, CAN'd Aid partnered with 52 organizations and provided nearly $400,000 in charitable contributions, bringing the total amount raised $1.9 million to date. CAN'd Aid's "do-goodery" efforts include:

Towns - building strong communities
Tunes - for your eyeholes and earholes
Treads + Trails - get outside and get after it
Love Yur Mama - save the blue marble

To keep up with all things Oskar Blues, visit http://www.oskarblues.com.

# # #

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          Rosetta Translation and Interpreting Services         

When it comes to professional translation service, there is one name that stands out amongst the rest, and that is Rosetta translation agency. Renowned for its high standards, efficiency and value for money, this London based translation company has been the top choice of major companies across the UK when it comes to document translation, transcription, subtitling and many more. They got branches from different areas of the world too, located in Shanghai, New York, Paris and Luxembourg. A friend of mine even told me that they are the cheapest in Europe!

Rosetta translation agency also offers interpreting service which I think is very useful for international business meetings, court appeals or media translation purposes which are offered by Rosetta’s to worldwide clients. They can do this in many ways, like through simultaneous interpreting, whispered simultaneous interpreting, consecutive interpreting, liaison interpreting, and the most common one which is through telephone interpreting. These of course are offered on competitive rates! Now I am not really sure the exact prices for these but like I said a friend of mine told me that they are the cheapest in Europe. I think if you are going to visit Rosetta Translations website you can get a free quote there by just filling out the details or email, or by phone using the given contact numbers. Sending an email is actually alright as my friend did this and got a quick reply. Hope this helps!

          Netherlands and Luxembourg Buy 2 MRTT A330        
The Netherlands is ready to purchase 2 Airbus tanker/transport aircraft with Luxembourg. The aircraft will be NATO property and will be stationed at Eindhoven Air Base for pooling and sharing. Belgium, Germany, Norway and Poland intend to join the agreement at a later date. Airbus tanker/transport aircraft. The MRTT (Multi Role Tanker Transport) project is an example of the type of future-oriented collaboration between European countries that the government advocates. Minister of Defence ...
          HUMAN RIGHTS IN 2011: THE CIRI REPORT        
The CIRI Human Rights Data Project has released its ratings of government respect for 16 internationally-recognized human rights in almost every country in the world for the year 2011.  The CIRI Project’s data stretch back, annually, to 1981 and can be freely accessed at www.humanrightsdata.org.

The CIRI data are used by governments, scholars, international organizations, businesses, think tanks, and students the world over for a variety of purposes.  The project is co-directed by Dr. David L. Cingranelli (Binghamton University), Dr. David L. Richards (University of Connecticut), and Dr. K. Chad Clay (University of Georgia). 

This data release has also been accompanied by a number of changes at the CIRI Project.  A new country was added to the data for 2011 (South Sudan), and, reflecting the addition of a new co-director (K. Chad Clay) in Fall 2012, the project’s citation has changed.  Perhaps most importantly, CIRI’s release schedule has changed.  In the future, data updates will be issued annually in January to cover the year that began two years previous.  As such, the 2012 ratings will be released in January 2014.

Below, we present four stories from the 2011 data:


THE BEST AND WORST OF 2011

All 14 of CIRI’s individual indicators of particular human rights can be summed into an overall human rights score for each country in the world.  The best score a country can receive is 30, representing high respect for all 14 human rights; the worst score is 0, representing very low respect for all 14 human rights.  The world average was 17, and the USA scored 24 (tied for the 7th highest score, but still ranking behind 37 countries).  Below are the best and worst of 2011.

Top 9 Countries – Overall Respect
Luxembourg [30]
Netherlands [29]
New Zealand [29]
San Marino [29]
Andorra [28]
Australia [28]
Denmark [28]
Iceland [28]
Norway [28]

Bottom 9 Countries – Overall Respect
Iran [1]
Eritrea [2]
Saudi Arabia [2]
Burma [3]
China [3]
Libya [3]
Yemen [3]
Democratic People's Republic of Korea [4]
Syria [4]


STABILITY & CHANGE IN RESPECT FOR PHYSICAL INTEGRITY RIGHTS

The CIRI Physical Integrity Rights Index measures government respect for the freedoms from torture, extrajudicial killing, political imprisonment, and disappearance. It varies from 0 (no respect for physical integrity rights) to 8 (full respect for physical integrity rights).  Overall, government respect for physical integrity declined in 2011, as the mean score on the physical integrity rights index fell from 5.01 in 2010 to 4.82 in 2011.  In particular, respect for physical integrity rights saw the following dramatic changes in 2010-2011:

Largest Declines in Respect for Physical Integrity Rights
Bahrain [-5]
Djibouti [-3]
Egypt [-3]
Republic of Korea [-3]
Libya [-3]
Mauritania [-3]
Oman [-3]

Largest Improvements in Respect for Physical Integrity Rights
Panama [+4]
Croatia [+3]
Belarus [+2]
Nepal [+2]
Togo [+2]

Further, as these lists suggest, it would appear that changes in government respect for physical integrity rights in 2011 were not evenly distributed across the globe.  Indeed, as demonstrated below, South Asian states experienced a net improvement in average government respect for physical integrity, while some of the largest declines in government respect for physical integrity rights were concentrated in the Near East & North Africa:

Average Change in Respect for Physical Integrity Rights by Region
Africa [-0.04]
East Asia & the Pacific [-0.12]
Europe & Eurasia [0]
Near East & North Africa [-1.37]
South Asia [+0.25]
Western Hemisphere [-0.11]






THE “ARAB SPRING” & HUMAN RIGHTS IN THE NEAR EAST & NORTH AFRICA

Beginning in Tunisia in December 2010, the wave of demonstrations, protests, and conflicts known as the “Arab Spring” swept through the Arab world in 2011.  What effect did this have on respect for human rights in the Near East and North Africa (as defined by the US State Department)?  Table 1 displays the change in the overall human rights score, as well as in the CIRI Physical Integrity Rights Index, from 2010 to 2011. 

 
As can be seen, most states in the region demonstrated reduced respect for human rights in 2011, particularly those states that experienced some of the highest levels of unrest that year, e.g. Bahrain, Libya, and Egypt.  Of course, other states, like Syria, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, and Iran, already had extremely low scores on our indicators and thus, had little room to move down.  On the other hand, Tunisia experienced a large increase in its overall human rights score, owing to the overthrow of its government early in the year and the elections held in October.  However, this was not enough to overcome the high level of physical integrity rights abuse that accompanied the protests early in the year, which led to a decrease in respect for physical integrity rights from an already low score of 3 in 2010 to 2 in 2011.
 
STABILITY & CHANGE IN WOMEN’S RIGHTS
 
CIRI also annually codes two measures of internationally-recognized women’s rights: women’s political rights and women’s economic rights.  The women’s political rights measure is aimed at capturing the degree to which government laws and practices ensure that women enjoy the rights to vote, to run for political office, to hold elected and appointed government positions, to join political parties, and to petition government officials.  The women’s economic rights measure captures the degree to which government laws and practices ensure that women enjoy equal pay for equal work, free choice of profession or employment, the right to gainful employment, equality in hiring and promotion, job security, freedom from discrimination by employers, freedom from sexual harassment, and the right to work in dangerous professions, including working at night and working in the military and police forces.
 
Our two measures of women’s rights moved in opposite directions in 2011.  While women’s political rights improved for the second straight year, women’s economic rights suffered a setback after two consecutive years of improvement.  Indeed, this is in keeping with these measures’ performance over time.  As shown in the graph below, respect for women’s economic rights has lagged behind respect for women’s political rights consistently since 1981.  However, that gap has widened with time, as respect for women’s political rights has consistently grown while respect for women’s economic rights has remained relatively flat.
Note: The shapefile used to construct the above map comes from Weidmann, Kuse, and Gleditsch’s cshapes, version 0.4-2.  The map was made using Pisati’s spmap package in Stata 12.1.  Another version of this post can be viewed at the The Quantitative Peace.

          HUMAN RIGHTS IN 2010: THE CIRI REPORT        
In conjunction with Human Rights Day, 2011, the CIRI Human Rights Data Project releases its ratings of government respect for 16 internationally-recognized human rights in almost every country in the world for the year 2010. The CIRI project's data stretch back, annually, to 1981 and can be freely accessed at www.humanrightsdata.org

The CIRI data are used by governments, scholars, international organizations, businesses, think tanks, and students the world over for a wide variety of purposes. The project is Co-Directed by Dr. David L. Cingranelli (Binghamton University) and Dr. David L. Richards (University of Connecticut) and assisted by Senior CIRI Associate K. Chad Clay (University of Georgia). Any inquiries may be addressed to info@humanrightsdata.org

Below, we present four types of stories from this year's released data:


THE BEST AND WORST of 2010

All 14 of CIRI's indicators of particular human rights can be summed into an overall human rights score for each country in the world. The top (best) score a country can receive is 30, while the worst score would be 0. The world average was 18 and the USA scored 26 (tied for 5th place). Below are the best and worst of 2010.

Top 13 Countries:

Denmark [30]
Iceland [30]
Austria [29]
New Zealand [29]
Norway [29]
Australia [28]
Belgium [28]
Finland [28]
Liechtenstein [28]
Luxembourg [28]
Netherlands [28]
San Marino [28]
Sweden [28]


Bottom 10 Countries:

Burma [2]
Eritrea [2]
Iran [2]
China [3]

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of [3]
Yemen [3]
Zimbabwe [3]
Saudi Arabia [4]
Congo, Democratic Republic of [5]
Nigeria [5]


THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

On May 20, 2011, the United Nations elected 15 new members of the UN Human Rights Council. Here are their total CIRI human rights scores for 2010, out of a possible 30 points. Six out of the fifteen new members had scores below the world average of 18 for the year 2010. Below are the scores for each new member:

Austria         [29]
Benin          [16]
Botswana     [22]
Burkina Faso    [20]
Republic of Congo  [18]  
Chile             [26]
Costa Rica     [26]
Czech Republic   [24]
India               [10]
Indonesia        [13]
Italy               [24]
Kuwait          [11]
Peru              [18]
Philippines     [15]
Romania        [17]


DECLINE IN RESPECT FOR PHYSICAL INTEGRITY RIGHTS

The CIRI Index of Physical Integrity Rights measure's a government's overall level of respect for four rights: torture, extrajudicial killing, political imprisonment, disappearance. The index ranges from 0 (no respect for any of these four rights) to 8 (full respect for all four of these rights). In 2008-2009, the world saw an overall average increase in these rights of .047. However, a reversal of this improvement was seen from 2009-2010, with it's overall average decline in respect of -.031. In particular 2009-2010 saw the following dramatic changes:

Three Countries Lost 3 Points (Violations Increased)

Croatia
Georgia
Panama

Seven Countries Gained 2 Points (Violations Decreased)

Angola
Chad
Chile
Guinea
Italy
Kenya
Seychelles

The fact that the CIRI data stretch back in time to 1981 allows for longitudinal comparison. For example, the graph below shows how regional averages of respect for physical integrity rights have changed over the years:



MORE TORTURE

An important part of this overall decline in respect for physical integrity rights comes from a continuing degradation, globally, of respect for the right not to be tortured. For example, 2009-2010 saw 17 countries engage in more torture, while only 8 engaged in less torture. Below is the list of these countries. CIRI's indicator of government respect for torture is as follows: (0) Frequent/systematic torture, (1) Moderate/occasional torture (2) No reported/confirmed episodes of
torture.

Increased Torture, 2009-2010

Austria
Bahrain
Canada
Congo, Republic of
Croatia
Georgia
Hungary
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Kyrgyz Republic
Marshall Islands
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Slovenia
Thailand

Decreased Torture, 2009-2010

Chile
Czech Republic       
Denmark       
Dominica       
Italy       
Micronesia, Federated States of       
Seychelles       
Spain

This trend in the greater use of torture is not a post-9/11 phenomenon, however. The chart below shows the increased use of torture beginning in the early 1980s. The extent of the drop in respect for this right differed by region and is seen to be particularly acute in Africa.


          Paris, France        
We had so much fun in Paris. Here are two days smashed into one blog.



The Eiffel Tower!



Abby is such a ham. She spent a good hour hour singing “It’s a Hard Knock Life” because we made her wait until AFTER we had climbed the tower to get an ice cream. She has no idea how awesome these experiences are. She would be happy with Dora and candy. Crack me up.


Jeremy was kind enough to watch the kids while his parents and I climbed the Eiffel Tower. It’s wasn’t crazy hard, but we felt it the next day. The views were stunning. We were even able to spy on Jeremy from the first level. 



It was definitely much harder to climb from platform one to platform two. 



Especially when you do it in sandals and flip flops.




Palais de Chaillot




Arc de Triomphe


One of my favorite things was to stroll down the streets and take pictures of all the beautiful buildings and apartments. Abby was more than game to swing around the lamp posts and eat macaroons until she was stuffed.













Abby got a huge kick out of modeling at this building. She demanded we take picture after picture after picture.






Look at Abby pouting in the corner of this photo. I am not sure if this is before or after she threw a rock at me and got her first (and only) France spanking.


The Obelisk in Place de la Concorde. This is where they had the guillotine. Off with their heads!


Grandpa is not so good at helping the kids get dressed in the morning.


The Louvre was pretty stinking awesome. Right after we took these photos Jeremy found out he had a kidney stone. I quickly put him in a taxi and took the kids to find their grandparents, who were in the Louvre. I thought the Louvre staff could page them and I could get the keys and the extra cellphone and go home. The Louvre doesn’t do that, and so I had no phone, no keys, and way to get a hold of any of them. We guessed what hospital he might be in and meandered our way through the city to the closest one, which was still about an hours walk away. I would have taken the subway but they don’t have elevators and I couldn’t handle both kids and the stroller up and down the massive staircases throughout the city.  













These pictures are what we saw on the way to find him.







His hospital was right across from Notre-Dame. We found him on the first try. He still had about an hour to go before he could be released so we ran around the ambulance bay and tried to stay away from all the crazy and injured people. Now that Jeremy was properly drugged, we continued the day of adventure.


I thought it would be really funny to give Abby a hunchback at Notre-Dame. People were quickly amused/horrified/annoyed. I don’t apologize for being clever.


The backside of the church was almost as impressive as the front.


The stained glass at the Saint-Chapelle was amazing.





The kids and I stayed outside and climbed the fences while Jeremy ran in for a few quick pictures.


Notre-Dame from afar.


More wandering.




Abby and Ollie each got sufficiently wet at these fountains. It was near the end of the day so I didn’t care. 


                               

The Luxembourg Gardens








          Memorandum of partnership with KPMG Luxembourg.        
Memorandum of […]
          It’s a Steamy Summer for European Leaders Trying to Seduce London’s Bankers        

For once, foreign bankers are the most popular people in Europe, as pols in Ireland, France, Germany, and beyond try to recruit financial operations that will likely be disrupted by the United Kingdom’s exit from the European Union.

Friday was the deadline for international financial institutions based in the U.K. to submit contingency plans to the Bank of England explaining what they plan to do in a variety of Brexit scenarios, including a “hard Brexit,” meaning a situation in which the U.K. leaves the European Union without a trade deal in place.

That would make things very complicated for the thousands of bankers who have made London Europe’s financial capital over the past two decades. The head of the London Stock Exchange predicted in September that the country could lose 100,000 jobs if (or, it now seems, when) the City of London loses “passporting” rights, which allow companies in London to sell services within the EU. In April, Sam Woods, the head of the Bank of England’s regulatory arm, asked banks to send in their plans.

Those documents have not been made public, and so far most banks have been happy to play the field—the past few weeks have been marked by intense international campaigning, as Dublin, Frankfurt, and Paris compete to seduce bank chiefs.

Barclays head Jes Staley and JPMorgan head Jamie Dimon, for example, have both met with Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar in the past few weeks. Barclays decided months ago to establish its European base in Dublin; JPMorgan has said it will move jobs from London to Dublin, Frankfurt, and Luxembourg. The Irish capital has long been a hub for back-office banking jobs because of its low taxes and English-speaking culture. â€œIt’s a beautiful city, with great real estate and an open business climate,” Dimon told JPMorgan staff on his visit, according to the Guardian.

Paris has also stepped up its game. In October, the capital’s outlying business district and banking center, La Défense, launched a campaign: “Tired of the fog? Try the frogs.” Both the region and the national government have also worked to attract firms.

In a memo sent earlier this month and published this weekend by the Mail on Sunday tabloid, the City of London’s special representative to the EU, Jeremy Browne, said the French were the worst in Europe. “They are crystal clear about their underlying objective: the weakening of Britain, the on-going degradation of the City of London. … What we are witnessing is a whole-of-France collective endeavor, made more giddy and more assertive by the election of Macron.” French President Emmanuel Macron worked as an investment banker before serving in the Cabinet of his socialist predecessor, François Hollande.

“It is entirely in line with the tone set by French representatives currently crashing conspicuously around London, making heroic relocation promises and pouring cold water on the propositions of alternative EU financial centers,” Browne wrote. One example of this he gave was French officials trashing the more civil-minded Luxembourg, which has also pitched itself as a destination for London’s financial workers.

Two weeks ago, the French Prime Minister Édouard Philippe—a moderate member of the French center-right party before he joined up with Macron—pitched a package of bank-friendly reforms to a conference of bankers in Paris last week, including scrapping the top payroll tax bracket and creating an international court to handle cases in English. "The message I want to share with you is clear and it is simple: the French government is committed to boost Paris' attractiveness by all means," Philippe said.

And because France and Germany are both now trying to lure banks, a six-year effort to impose an EU tax on financial transactions may be dead, Bloomberg reports:

French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire said earlier this month that Brexit could bring “thousands of jobs to Paris,” an opportunity that could be lost if the tax were imposed. His German counterpart, Wolfgang Schaeuble, said that “quite a bit speaks in favor of the French argument to look first at how the Brexit negotiations are going.”

Frankfurt, a longtime hub for banking on the continent, has recruited the likes of Standard Chartered and Goldman Sachs.

The question for bankers is whether they can trust Paris. François Hollande won a landslide election in 2012 by declaring finance his “true enemy.” Macron may be riding high right now, but it seems unlikely the French are suddenly hot on bankers. Humiliating London and proving its inferiority to Paris, however? Ça va.


          Tableau Grand Prix Automobile - 130,00 €         
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Tableau automobile
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          Sticker numero Race 6' (15cm) - 4,00 €         
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          Directors from Dalkey Archive Press travel to Luxembourg to plan editorial projects        
Dalkey Archive Press, based at the University of Houston-Victoria, soon will start work on an anthology by Luxembourg authors, many of whom have never had their writing published in English.
          Analyse Quantitative du Terrorisme International en Europe (1968-2008)        
Une étude quantitative assez intéressante est parue (en espagnol) dans le dernier numéro de Athena Intelligence Journal, intitulée "Analyse quantitative du terrorisme international en Europe occidentale (1968-2008)", signée Domingo Jimenez Martin. Comme son titre l'indique, cette étude se base sur toutes les attaques du terrorisme à caractère international (c'est-à-dire pas l'ETA au Pays Basque ou l'IRA en Grande-Bretagne par exemple) qui ont frappé l'Europe occidentale. D'un point de vue méthodologique, notons tout de même d'emblée que l'on regrettera l'absence de définition de ce "terrorisme international", de même qu'une justification quant à la sélection des pays (par exemple, la Suisse et la Norvège sont inclus, mais pas le Luxembourg, l'Irlande ou la Finlande).

Ce détail important mis à part, cette étude offre une perspective fort intéressante sur le phénomène terroriste en Europe. L'auteur recence ainsi 277 actions terroristes en 40 ans (mais attention: il se restreint aux attaques qui ont fait au moins une victime mortelle, ce qui est une autre limite non négligeable de cette étude).

La plus grande partie de ces attentats (28,1%) étaient le fait de groupes palestiniens. Ensuite, 16,6% des attaques étaient l'oeuvre de chiites radicaux libanais ou iraniens. Les jihadistes (sunnites radicaux) quant à eux ne représentaient que 4% de l'ensemble des attentats.

Les années 1980 regroupent la grande majorité (143 sur 277) des actions terroristes, alors que la décennie 2000 est pour ainsi dire la moins marquée par le terrorisme international, avec seulement 13 attaques. On note aussi que le phénomène jihadiste est(statistiquement) récent puisque les premières attaques (mortelles) n'apparaissent que dans le nouveau millénaire. Les années 1980 étaient également les plus mortelles, même si l'attentat de Lockerbie (296 morts) en est largement responsable.

Par contre, bien que récent et statistiquement peu actif, les actions attribuées au Jihad global comptabilisaient 23,6% des victimes mortelles du terrorisme international. Cette donnée explique - en partie - pourquoi le phénomène jihadiste à susciter des réactions bien plus prononcées que les autres formes de terrorisme international.

Durant 40 ans, les deux pays les plus touchés par le terrorisme international furent le Royaume Uni et l'Espagne, suivis par la France et la Grèce. Par contre, Paris a été la ville la plus directement touchée, avec 20,9% du total des attentats perpétrés en Europe.
          Sn 1, Ep 7 : Métro Europe        
Qui n’a jamais rêvé de prendre le métro à Paris et de descendre à Rome en Italie, à Anvers en Belgique, au Luxembourg ou à Saint Petersbourg en Russie ? On a le droit de rêver…
          De la randonnée ? Au Luxembourg qui plus est ?        

Une randonnée au Luxembourg, ça ne vous dit rien ? Et pourtant ! Le Luxembourg, de par sa diversité de paysages, est vraiment génial pour randonner !

Cet article De la randonnée ? Au Luxembourg qui plus est ? est apparu en premier sur Pure Génération Z.


          Birds flying high…        

Watches with wings, wristwatches made to fly high

Do you know how I feel? Yes, you do. The ‘flying mode’ has always been inspiring for man to go further, deeper, explore and to create. Fashion is not an exception. The new fashion accessories at Dialetu’s catalogue will make you want to fly… Literally. The new arrivals Armagon Watches, Volare by Klasse 14 and Falken by Triwa are inspired in aviation, eagles, birds of prey and they’ll all give you more than an incredible feeling, wings to fly. Know the story behind these ‘flying’ timepieces.

From New York to Paris

Armogan is an aviation inspired watch brand, created by assumed watch enthusiasts. At the crossroads of innovation and tradition. Based at the heart of Europe, in Luxembourg, Armogan watches are inspired by great adventures and pioneers. The "Spirit of St. Louis" model shaped by this brand has been inspired by this famous custom-built, single engine, single-seat monoplane that was flown solo by Charles Lindbergh on May 1927, on the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris. In fact, Charles Lindbergh was an American aviator, author and inventor. He was the first person who completed the flight New York-Paris, on May 20–21, 1927 which 33 hours and 30 minutes. The "Spirit of St. Louis" collection brings the classic, handsome look of the 1920s to present day.  

“Freedom is life!”

But not only monoplanes and aviation assume the leading role on this matter. The Klasse 14 brand is a limited collection of unique and exquisite watches that represent all categories; from contemporary to classic, from concept to sport. Klasse 14 is a modern fashion statement, which believes in the contemporary lifestyle. The brand designs and creates timepieces in collaboration with talented designers, artists, famous personalities or just interesting characters. Inspired in the eagle majesty, Klasse 14 created a wristwatch to pay a real tribute to the flying feeling. This watch is an ode to freedom in a very classic style. The watch hands are slightly curved upwards to resemble wings in flight. For this design attribute, Mario Nobile decided to call this watch “Volare”, which in English translates as “Fly”. In the back case you can read has a truly remarkable manifesto: “Freedom is life!”

Like bearing a real bird of prey

Founded in 2007, TRIWA is a young and independent watch and accessory brand dedicated to transforming the perception of the status symbol into a symbol of style. In fact, TRIWA stands for Transform the Industry of Watches. All TRIWA watches and accessories are born in a creative studio in Stockholm. So, in order to honor the Swedish heritage, culture and tradition the Falken model is a sleek and streamlined watch inspired by the Swedish bird of prey bearing the same name. Falken is identifiable by the Falkeye (mini-dial), highlighted between the hands and the 6th index. This gives it two layers of design elements that set it apart from other TRIWA models, like the real Falken from other species. 

 


          A Weekend in Paris        
Paris is a large, fascinating city with endless things to see and do. You can spend days exploring and getting lost in the narrow streets. Most people, though, don't have time to spend a week or more in Paris and opt for a weekend to see the beautiful City of Light. Although a weekend is far from enough time to see everything this city has to offer, there are ways to visit most of the major sights within 48 hours. It includes a little bit of planning, and you have to figure out which sights you want to see more than others. Use this checklist as an example of what to see and where to go for a great weekend in Paris. 

Morning


Start off your day with a croissant and café from a local boulangerie, and start heading to the Catacombs. Get there at least an hour before opening, because the line gets long fast. Though it's a long waiting time and a long time walking underground Paris, seeing the Catacombs is a necessary pain that gives you a new view of Paris you usually wouldn't see. Afterward, find your way to the Luxembourg Gardens, and walk through and admire the beautiful foliage and flowers. You can then walk to Notre Dame and spend the rest of your morning visiting the cathedral and finding some lunch nearby in Saint-Michel.

Afternoon



Across the river is the Musée d'Orsay. The best part of the museum is the fifth floor, where the Impressionist paintings hang. Go there and see some of Claude Monet and other artists' most famous works. Don't spend too long there, because afterward, you're going to the Louvre. Take some tourist pictures outside before heading in to see the Mona Lisa and the Venus de Milo. Then you can walk through the Tuileries Gardens to get to the Champs-Elysées. Walk down the avenue, maybe shop a little or stop at Ladurée for some macarons, or take the metro or taxi to get to the Arc de Triomphe. Definitely take the time to go up to the top, because it offers one of the best views of Paris with the Eiffel Tower in the distance. 

Evening



After finding some dinner, make your way to the Eiffel Tower. Drink some champagne on the Champ de Mars and then eventually make your way to the top of the tower. Depending on what time it is, you can watch the sun set or view the City of Light at night. The tower will start sparkling, and it'll be an exciting way to end your day in Paris. 



Contact info@parisaav.com for information regarding weekend itineraries in Paris and other European cities. 




          Paris From Above         
As far as cities go, Paris is quite short. Most buildings here are six stories tall at a maximum, creating a low uniformity that the city is known for. This makes things interesting when you get the chance to see Paris from above, in one of the few buildings or structures that defy this city standard. There aren't that many options for experiencing aerial Paris, but there are definitely a few good ones.

The Eiffel Tower: Perhaps the most desired of them all, the Eiffel Tower offers three different levels of viewing that allow you to pick just how high you want to go to see the city. From Sacre-Cœur to Notre Dame to the Arc de Triomphe, you can see far and wide from whichever level you settle into, if not all three! Pros: You get to be inside the Eiffel Tower and there's tons of space on each level. Cons: There are long lines for the elevators, and the top level is enclosed with glass, making the view a little less amazing.
Tour Montparnasse: This towering structure has been admired and detested by Parisians and tourists alike. At 59 stories tall, it towers over most of the city and stands out with its modern design and box-like appearance. A quick elevator ride can take you to the top for another cool panoramic view of Paris, featuring the Eiffel Tower, the Montparnasse Cemetery, the Luxembourg Garden, and more. This view of Paris is more centralized than that of the Eiffel Tower, and gives a different perspective of the city from above. Pros: A panoramic view from central Paris and quick lines. Cons: The tower lacks the history that each of the other monuments possesses, so it feels a little less Parisian than the others.
The Arc de Triomphe: This monument presents you with another spectacular panoramic view of Paris. While much lower than the others, the Arc de Trimphe is one of my favorite ways to see Paris from above, simply because of the view of the Champs-Élysées and the other streets that depart from this central point creating the famous star you can only see from above. Pros: Proximity to the Eiffel Tower and the view of the Champs-Élysées. Cons: Also tends to have long lines, and you must climb the 284 steps to the top!
Sacre-Cœur: If you're feeling adventurous enough to climb the steep hills and many stairs that lead to this summit of Northern Paris, the view is remarkable. From the steps of this famous basilica, the city appears calm and faultless in ways that it doesn't from the others. This is the highest point in the city, so if you're looking for aerial Paris this is definitely the place to go. Pros: It's free and offers a view quite different from anywhere else. Cons: Known for being crowded, and you can't see the Eiffel Tower.
Contact info@parisaav.com for tailor-made itineraries taking you around and above Paris for unique and off-the-beaten-path discoveries. 


          Saying Goodbye to Spring in Paris        
Summer is fast approaching! Especially on days like today where the high is 88 degrees Fahrenheit, it certainly feels like summer has arrived in Paris. Taking the metro has become a little less tolerable, walking outside has become a little bit sunnier, and sitting inside has simply come to feel like sitting outside; it's time to say goodbye to spring. Here are a few ways to make the most of these next couple weeks and officially welcome summer. 



Stop by the gardens of the Musée Rodin to enjoy the spectacular rose garden which mingles thousands of flowers with Auguste Rodin's sculptures. You can stroll, you can sit, and you can stay for as long as you like; the abundance of flowers and plants will easily give you one last taste of spring. After, you can stop inside the museum if you'd like, which is actually Rodin's former studio and showroom. The Musée Rodin is located just outside of Paris proper, but is easily accessible by RER. 


Treat yourself to extravagant ice cream, gelato, and more at one of the famous Amorino shops located around Paris. You can pick one flavor or as many as you'd like, and you will not be disappointed. If you find yourself in close proximity to one of their worthy locations, I guarantee that you will see streams of people walking by carrying Amorino cones and cups galore; that's how good it is. With locations by the Jardin du Luxembourg, on the Ile Saint Louis, and right in the middle of the Tuilerie Gardens, you are more than likely to cross paths with an Amorino on your adventures through Paris. 




Get ready for Fête de la Musique 2015, taking place on June 21 all across the city. Also known as World Music Day, the official first day of summer will bring countless artists and fans alike to enjoy free concerts scattered across different locations including the Jardin du Palais Royal, the Champs du Mars, and Montmartre. Don't forget to mark the date and plan your music-filled day to celebrate the beginning of summer in Paris! 




Contact info@parisaav.com for tailor-made itineraries of Paris by the season. 

          ....And another question.....        
So, we've answered the big question- what is the NBN. Anyone who would like some more detail, please feel free to comment and I'll try to answer any questions, or, there are some great websites out there that will give you some detailed looks into the technology involved in the NBN. The main government site, NBN.gov is quite good in the information it delivers. Although as usual when dealing with governments, the information is delivered in quite a syrupy rhetoric and is relatively simple in its' nature. NBN Co's website is also relatively basic and its' overview is skewed more towards information about the company and its' goals as well as the actual rollout of the NBN. There are some interesting "Case Study" sections which look at how the NBN will affect individuals, schools and businesses on a one-by-one basis. Obviously, these are overwhelmingly positive, as one would expect of any company trying to hock their own goods and services. But it at least gives an idea of what individuals can do with their new connection. There is also an older site (not updated now) that gives a few good analyses of the NBN here.

This is a link to the National Broadband Network Implementation Study, done by the government just before the rollout of the NBN began on a trial basis. This is the study that brought about alot of political contention as to whether it was an achievable goal to have an FTTH NBN that reached over 90% of premises. The study was, of course, paid for by the Labor Federal Government, commissioned by then PM Kevin Rudd and done by McKinsey & Company and KPMG. One interesting point of note on this study, if we look at the overview page, is the last 2 points (quoted directly from the site):


1- NBN Co can build a strong and financially viable business case with the Study estimating it will be earnings positive by year six and able to pay significant distributions on its equity following completion of the rollout; and


2- The Government can expect a return on its equity investment sufficient to fully cover its cost of funds


This is interesting to note, as the vast majority of infrastructure a government builds and maintains is either fiscally neutral or a tax payer burden. In this case, the money NBN Co. receives will be funnelled back to the Federal Government once costs and maintenance have been taken out and the profits will, presumably (although this is, of course, up to the Government of the day) be used to pay back the debt borrowed to build the NBN. This leads me to my next question:


Is the NBN worth the money?


People might say this is an inherently subjective question. But in real monetary terms, IS the NBN worth what it is giving Australia?

It's estimated the NBN will have a final cost around $37 Billion, down from the originally, and much debated, $43 Billion. This includes $27.5 Billion invested (and borrowed) directly by the Government. The remainder will be paid for by private investment (shares in NBN Co.). So, the direct government cost will be $27.5 Billion, assuming, of course, NBN Co. can actually raise the $10-13 Billion odd of private investment; this seems likely, as such a large project, once underway, would limit the high risk of investment. $27.5 Billion is alot of money, no matter where you're from (unless you're Apple, who seems to sneeze and have that much money). But it is not, by any means, an insurmountable, nor particularly large single amount of money for a Government of Australia's size and economic standing. Obviously, some explanation is needed.....I'm afraid this will be quite dry.....

Australia's current GDP (PPP adjusted- read up) is hovering at just under the $1 Trillion mark, around $925 Billion (US). Now, GDP is not ACTUALLY a particularly useful measure in todays economics as it is only a measure of a countries goods and services produced WITHIN a country. In a globalised world, this does not take into account companies that are international, both owned BY Australians and by other countries working IN Australia. Mining companies are a good example. It is only a measure of all companies and services inside of a country. It is also NOT a measure of living standards or income. However, it IS used to determine an economies health, as a general rule. The idea being, a healthy growth in GDP (usually 2%) shows an increase in trade overall and therefore a corresponding increase in income, wealth and capital. For this reason, it is usually also used as a measure of debt.

International debt has been in the spotlight since the 2008 GFC. More recently, the European debt crisis has shown how sovereign debt (that is debt of a government, not private debt, as in the GFC) can destabilise not only the country who owns the debt, but also its' trading partners. A country MUST have room to move fiscally. A government needs borrowing power for the adjustments of budget, building and essential maintenance of infrastructure and the general running of the country. Governments usually borrow money for infrastructure by issuing Government bonds. These are bonds that are issued with a specified annual return interest at a specified maturity date in the future, that other countries governments and private companies can buy as investments. The higher risk the investment in the country (ie. the more unstable the economy) the higher the interest rate for the bonds usually are. There comes a point where the risk is such that other governments and companies refuse to buy the bonds and the issuing government runs into trouble as they cannot borrow enough money. This is the position countries such as Italy and Greece have found themselves in. This is, of course, a generalisation, as there are MANY variables and also other ways governments borrow money. But for our purposes, it is good enough.

The level of national debt a country has is usually measured as a percentage of GDP (hence using GDP as an economic measure). The lowest levels of debt in the world (using IMF statistics) are countries like Estonia, Saudi Arabia, Chile and Brunei. These countries do not necessarily have good, healthy economies, they simply do not borrow heavily internationally. Partly because they may not want to (in the case of North Korea, which doesn't even rank) or because they can't (Estonia, Chile) as other countries consider them too big an investment risk due to instability. There are countries that have healthy economies in this bunch though too, such as Saudi Arabia, Brunei and Luxembourg. Australia, if you look in terms of healthy economies, is just above Luxembourg for ranking in highest debt, about 1/5 of the way up and just below the United Arab Emirates. We have a %GDP debt of 20%. But once you take into account all sorts of corrections like net debt, PPP etc, in monetary terms, this means we have a debt of around $100 Billion dollars. The US has a %GDP debt of 94%, UK 75%, Europe 80% and Italy and Greece, 119% and 142% respectively. Of course, all these are significantly different MONETARY amounts. The US GDP is $14.6 Trillion (US). So it's monetary debt is nearly $14 Trillion. But the US also produces much more, and therefore has greater cash flow, so, technically better ability to pay back. I won't get into the nitty gritty, but suffice to say, lower levels of %GDP debt for a healthy economy are better. But, while no debt is excellent, it is rarely possible, nor likely. So low levels are considered normal and healthy.

It varies widely what IS considered "healthy" debt, but in general anything under 50% is considered reasonable and healthy, depending on the economy. Here is a global map of %GDP debt (reference).


This map will be slightly different to one made from the %GDP debt I was quoting as it is made from rankings done by the CIA not the IMF. But the principle is illustrated.

Australia's debt, at 20% is considered very healthy and is among the lowest in the Western world. Our government does not live beyond its' means, although it has done in the past and will probably do so in the future, should our economy be mismanaged at some point again. To give an example of dubious relevance, but easy to understand, Australia's income is $100 000 a year. We want to buy a block of land that costs $20 000. It would not be difficult to get financing for said land, nor would it be inadvisable to do so, assuming the land will appreciate (which it almost certainly will). It is a reasonable investment. This is an example of our current debt in one lump sum.

When it comes (finally) to the NBN, we want to build a national network that will cover the country (or 93% of it fixed line) with fast, reliable, cheap (I'll get to this in a following post) and essential communications. The NBN will cost the government $28 Billion dollars, which it will borrow;

Note- this does NOT come from the budget as some media outlets have reported. This is government debt (or government capital debt) and only the interest is paid from the budget. Obviously interest, even at an average 3.5% (Bloomberg) on $28 Billion dollars is significant, but this is only accumulated until NBN Co. begins to turn revenue and pays back to the Government.  Bond maturities (interest payouts) are calculated and taken into account in the National budget. They are planned, as each bond can have a different maturity time, and contingencies are in place for early terminations of maturity. See here for an interesting article about the politics surrounding these issues.

So the $28 Billion the Government ponies up for the NBN is approximately 25% of our current debt or 5% of %GDP debt. All that JUST to explain that single sentence?? Well yes, and it is even more complex than that (here's an interesting piece on CBA or Cost Benefit Analysis of the NBN usually done on infrastructure and how difficult and often useless they are). We haven't yet taken into account the monetary return the NBN will provide for the Government (NBN Co. are predicting 7% returns by 2020) the ongoing returns from revenue and cash flow and the possibility (hopefully not in my opinion) of the sellout of the NBN after it is complete and a lump sum return. And THAT doesn't even include the actual, tangible economic growth gain the NBN will provide! There is a great Blog article by Google Australia which shows how much the Internet contributes to the Australian economy.  It's estimated it will "boost GDP by $27 Billion in 2011." So the Internet, at its' current demand, will boost the Australian economy by almost the same amount estimated the Government will spend on the NBN.....and that's BEFORE we take into account the increased economic activity the NBN will provide once built.

Now some might say this is a narrow view, "blinkered" if you like, by a love of technology and all cats playing the piano videos on youTube.  But the fact is, there is measurable, quantifiable data that shows the Internet is, quite literally, revolutionising the way we live. There is anecdotal evidence, such as the verb "to Google" something being entered in the Oxford Dictionary. There is the observable consumer evidence which shows Australia has the 2nd fastest uptake of smartphones in the world (behind only Singapore) and more than 50% of us are now using them. There is personal evidence; when was the last time you looked up an address in the Yellow Pages? Or even a phone number for that matter? And if you did, was it in the paper book, or online? Did you REALLY get that idea to see The Hunger Games from TV, or was it on an Ad next to your email? Businesses like JB HiFi, Harvey Norman and Myer have been realising in the past 2 years they've been late getting on the band wagon of online and their plummeting revenues reflect this. Why would your average consumer pay $100 for something from Harvey Norman, when they can buy the same from an Australian selling on eBay for $75 including postage if they know what they want?

The fact is, we have only been living with the commercial Internet for around 20 years (and that's being optimistic, global information traffic on the Internet was around 1% in 1993) and we are only beginning to see the potential it has. Currently, Australian demand bandwidth is at between 10 and 20Mbps. By 2016 it is predicted to be close to 100Mbps and by 2025 to be close to 1 Gbps. Even if Telstra were to roll out HFC in massive quantities, it would not be able to afford to do it to even half the country by 2021, around the time the NBN is due for completion. The Internet is ever expanding and ever consuming. The only way for Australia to grow, both nationally and internationally, is to keep pace with growing Internet demand. The NBN is a golden opportunity to allow and encourage this growth. It is large national infrastructure. But, considering the growth of Australia since the late 1940's (7.5 Million) compared to now (~23 Million), it is not much more expensive than building the original CAN (Customer Access Network) that we still have now for the increased population (£42 Million- or $10 Billion in todays money). And this is not counting the life of the network, pegged at 50 years in its current form, but with upgrades to the hardware, but not the lines, well beyond that.

And if we were to cancel it now? Cut our losses and go with the cheaper option (explained next!) Well, I won't go into detail, many people have done that already. Suffice to say, it'll save us.....about $1 Billion. Sounds like alot. What would that get us? Well, in the 2011 budget, $1.1 Billion was saved with "Public service efficiency." It is also about 1/8 of the budget of Community Services and Culture, our lowest budget category. Or 1/120 of Welfare, our highest budget spender. $28 Billion is about twice the current yearly infrastructure budget. That's BUDGETED infrastructure, such as upgrades of major highways and motorways like the M5 and Pacific Highway. So for twice the annual budget we spend on infrastructure, we have an almost entirely new network of cables in the ground and hardware to run them at current speeds of 100Mbps, rising to 1 Gbps in 10 years......now if that's not bad, tell me what isn't?



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          Lekker sofa i hvitt.        
Vi har akkurat fått inn denne lekkerbisken i butikk:-)
Den er i hvit delikat hud i kjempegod kvalitet.
Kan fåes i andre farger både i hud og stoff.


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          Deloitte - Luxembourg: External Audit Senior/Manager/Senior Manager        
Excellent: Deloitte - Luxembourg: External auditors specialized in Real Estate and/or Private Equity – French or Italian speaking (m/f) Luxembourg
           The comparison, integration and use of European labour statistics : a research perspective         
Frey, L. and Lindley, Robert M. (1997) The comparison, integration and use of European labour statistics : a research perspective. In: Labour statistics in the European Union : labour statistics, basic needs : proceedings of the first CEIES seminar, The Hague, 3 May 1996. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, pp. 12-26. ISBN 9789282790854
          Future Tense        
I think the major shock about the UK vote to leave the EU was the transformation in British culture that the vote seems to represent. From having been in the vanguard of the global economy and the globalized society, the UK seems to have rejected much of what it seemed to stand for. The aftermath of the vote- racist statements, racist attacks and all seemed to have turned the conventional wisdom about Britain on its head. The country was not as open or tolerant or globalized as it purported to be. This is despite the fact that a significant faction of the Leave campaign believed that the the problem with the EU is that it is not globalized enough. The reality is that whatever the Libertarians amongst the Leave camp thought they were getting, it is now all too clear that the isolationists, not the globalizers, are the big winners from the vote... at least so far.

If Brexit is a process, not a destination, as we are now being told, then it is still totally unclear what the destination might be. One nasty shock for the incoming May government has been that the option that would probably be accepted by the majority of the the UK- a kind of associate membership of the EU, via either the EEA or some kind of bespoke agreement- now looks by far the most difficult solution to bring off. The confrontational attitude adopted by the UK government has met its match in the Juncker Comission, which has wasted little time in inflicting as many petty humiliations on the new PM as possible. The appointment of Michel Barnier as the Commission's negotiator was the first, followed by the repeated cold shoulder to the UK at every meeting, including forcing Theresa May to wait until 1 am to address the meeting of the European Council. I suppose we can hardly blame the Commission for taking the hump against the UK, particularly since it reflects the deep anger that many governments feel about what the UK is trying to do. As Xavier Bettel, the Luxembourg Prime Minister Minister puts it  "Before they were in and they had many opt-outs; now they want to be out with many opt-ins.

Meanwhile Conservative blow-hards, such as Bernard Jenkin, insist - with precisely no evidence- that a total withdrawal from all form of EU collaboration was what was voted for on June 23rd. 

The choice is becoming stark: national humiliation as we create mayhem in much of our economy and face a serious and prolonged economic crisis through breaking all ties to the EU, or national humiliation as we seek to reverse the decision taken on June 23rd. As the storm clouds gather, there are more than a few people in London and in Brussels who believe that the UK may indeed change course. The Conservatives have sought to own Brexit, but now it is clear that whatever Brexit does in fact mean, it is bad and the Tories will get the blame. The big swing in Witney and the likely gain of Richmond Park is putting the Lib Dems back on the map, and despite the current high poll ratings for the Conservatives, the reality is that these leads could be very shallow indeed. 

Yet despite the growing economic and political storm in London, we can not ignore the abject failure of the Juncker Commission. The hapless former Premier of Luxembourg has now presided over the debacle of Brexit and the seeming collapse of CETA with Canada. This second failure is possible of even more moment than the first. The fact is that the crisis in CETA speaks to the very worst paralysis of the EU, and a failure to ratify would demoralize even the most fervent defenders of the Commission. Whereas the Commission has little choice but to be reactive to the UK, they have proven unable to be proactive to address the problems with CETA ratification. Clearly this bodes very badly for the far more complicated discussions to come with the UK. The fact is that the Commission may not be able to deliver any kind of soft Brexit- regardless that this is the majority will in both the UK and the rest of the EU.

Faced with the choice, it may become literally impossible for the UK to withdraw. Certainly there are voices on both sides of the channel that are beginning to think that, as the political pendulum swings in the UK strongly away from Brexit, that the British may opt for the economically less painful version of national humiliation rather than another. The paralysis that the Juncker commission has engendered does not seem to have been shaken by the prospect of the British departure, but just possibly it might be shaken up by a British lack of departure. 

Maybe the Brits will return to the global future after all.
          African Players with 10+ Goals in European Leagues - 2013/2014        
African players that scored 10 or more goals in top division European leagues in the 2013/2014 season.

Algeria
16 - El Arbi Hillel Soudani (Dinamo Zagreb: Croatia)

Angola
13 - Igor Vetokele (København: Denmark)

Cameroon
16 - Vincent Aboubakar (Lorient: France)
13 - Leandre Tawamba Kana (MFK Ružomberok: Slovakia)
11 - Mbilla Etame (Khazar Lankaran FK: Azerbaijan)
11 - Leonard Kweuke (Rizespor: Turkey)
10 - Maxim Choupo-Moting (Mainz: Germany)

Cape Verde Islands
11 - Garry Rodrigues (Levski Sofia: Bulgaria)
10 - Héldon (Sporting CP: Portugal)

Central African Republic
13 - Mouhamadou Habibou (KAA Gent: Belgium)

Comoros
15 - El Fardou Ben Nabouhane (Veria: Greece)

Congo
14 - Francis Litsingi (FK Teplice: Czech Republic)
10 - Prince Oniangué (Reims: France)

Côte d'Ivoire
20 - Yaya Touré (Manchester City: England)
18 - Seydou Doumbia (CSKA Moscow: Russia)
17 - Wilfried Bony (Swansea City: England)
16 - Salomon Kalou (Lille: France)
15 - Serge Deblé (FC Shirak: Armenia)
12 - Yannick Boli (Zorya Luhansk: Ukraine)
10 - Didier Drogba (Galatasaray: Turkey)

DR Congo
13 - Dieumerci Mbokani (Dynamo Kyiv: Ukraine)

Gabon
13 - Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Borussia Dortmund: Germany)

Gambia
11 - Demba Savage (HJK: Finland)

Ghana
10 - David Accam (Helsingborg: Sweden)

Madagascar
10 - Anicet Andrianantenaina (FK Botev Plovdiv: Bulgaria)

Mali
12 - Cheick Diabaté (Bordeaux: France)
11 - Mustapha Yatabaré (Guingamp: France)

Morocco
17 - Aatif Chahechouhe (Sivasspor: Turkey)
15 - Abderrazak Hamdallah (Aalesund: Norway)
13 - Omar Er Rafik (Differdange: Luxembourg)
12 - Youssef El-Arabi (Granada: Morocco)

Nigeria
15 - Stanley Ohawuchi (Sliema: Malta)
14 - Ikechukwu Uche (Villarreal: Spain)
14 - Kennedy Igboananike (AIK: Sweden)
13 - Marco Tagbajumi (Ermis FC: Cyprus)
12 - Emmanuel Emenike (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
11 - Alfred Effiong (Qormi: Malta)
11 - Obinna Obiefule (Hibernians: Malta)
11 - Abiola Dauda (Crvena Zvezda: Serbia)
10 - Imoh Ezekiel (Standard Liege: Belgium)
10 - Sylvester Igboun (Midtjylland: Denmark)
10 - Adeshina Lawal (B36 Tórshavn: Faroe Islands)
10 - Shola Shodiya (Birkirkara: Malta)
10 - Leke James (Aalesund: Norway)

Senegal
15 - Moussa Sow (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
13 - Sadio Mané (FC Red Bull Salzburg: Austria)
13 - Dame N'Doye (Lokomotiv Moscow: Russia)
12 - Baye Omar Niasse (Akhisar Belediyespor: Turkey)
10 - Ibrahim Sidibé (Debrecen: Hungary)
10 - Malek Mane (Sogndal: Norway)
10 - Lamine Diarra (Antalyaspor: Turkey)

Togo
11 - Emmanuel Adebayor (Tottenham Hotspur: England)

Tunisia
17 - Hamdi Harbaoui (KSC Lokeren: Belgium)


Stats from European 'Summer' leagues in Scandinavia and elsewhere are from the completed 2013 season.

          Jean-Claude Biver, CEO Tag Heuer        

Jean-Claude Biver, born 66 years ago in Luxembourg, was once a hippie and has been regarded as one of the greatest geniuses in the watch industry for 30 years. Last year, he became President of the three watch brands Hublot, Tag Heuer and Zenith at LVMH, the world’s largest luxury goods group.

The post Jean-Claude Biver, CEO Tag Heuer appeared first on Dirk Bruniecki.


          Apple begins selling the iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus in more than 20 new countries        

Fresh from a record 10 million iPhone sales over launch weekend, Apple’s new iPhone 6 and iPhone 6 Plus are going on sale in 20 more countries today. The list of countries that will begin selling the new iPhones from Friday include: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Qatar, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Turkey and United Arab Emirates The devices initially debuted in eight markets, but Apple plans to expand sales to 115 counties before the end of the year. China remains an absentee at this point, which has led to a surge in…

This story continues at The Next Web

Or just read more coverage about: iPhone,iPhone 6,iPhone 6 Plus,Apple
          Post-Brexit, Will the EU Stop Speaking English?        
"We don't need no pidgin English!" The Academie Francaise may be ascendant with the UK leaving the EU.
I've talked about how English has become entrenched in global use--most often as a widely-spoken second language--because of its more "open source" nature [1. 2]. That is, people come up with new words to fit novel situations, and these become part of the global lexicon. Think about "Grexit" and "Brexit", which would have been unintelligent gibberish only a few years ago. The Internet has certainly played its part in establishing a common language as well. 

It is apropos that we make use of those examples drawn from the trials and tribulations of the European Union since the self-ejection of the UK from the EU may have significant consequences for the use of English in that institution. Just as English is widely used as a second language worldwide, accounting for its ubiquity, so has it functioned within the EU. In short, most participants from the 28 (shortly 27?) member states have at least some familiarity with English.

However, European Commission President Juncker seems to be warning us that, with the UK leaving the EU, it becomes harder to justify using the language of the leavers. Cut it out, English speakers, in so many words:
European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker has told a conference in Italy on the EU that "English is losing importance in Europe". Amid tensions with the UK over looming Brexit negotiations, he said he was delivering his speech in French. "Slowly but surely English is losing importance in Europe and also because France has an election," he said, explaining his choice of language.

He called the UK decision to leave the EU "a tragedy". Laughter and applause greeted his comment about the English language, and he could be seen smiling wryly. "We will negotiate fairly with our British friends, but let's not forget that it is not the EU that is abandoning the UK - it is the UK that's abandoning the EU, and that makes a difference," he said.
Luxembourg where Juncker hails from is partly French and partly Germany speaking. What we need to figure out here is whether English will be retained from a practical standpoint. Just because the UK is leaving the EU, it doesn't mean that fewer EU nations' citizens will be less familiar with it anytime soon. That much is obvious.

Of course, there may nonetheless be a political backlash against speaking English. After all, it is the language of the leavers.

After decades and decades of getting its teeth kicked in because of French authorities at the Academie Francaise decreeing what the language is, French may again be the language of (European) diplomacy. An improbable comeback for French may be on the cards, then, at the EU--just as Brexit was in itself rather improbable.
          - Le hold-up de Pierre et vacances sur les finances des collectivités locales        
Le hold-up de Pierre et vacances sur les finances des collectivités locales 22 MARS 2016 PAR PIERRE-EMMANUEL SCHERRER BLOG : LE BLOG DE PIERRE-EMMANUEL SCHERRER Reprise de l’article de Factuel Info du 8 septembre 2015 Lien : http://www.factuel.info/article/center-parcs-dans-jura-hold-up-sur-finances-collectivites-locales-se-prepare-002409 Ancien gestionnaire-financier à la banque Paribas-Luxembourg, le Jurassien Pierre-Emmanuel Scherrer enseigne la gestion et l’économie des entreprises. Il a décortiqué […]
          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls, Fort Wayner (IN), Vermont, and in the outer Boston area.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          Duchess Kate stuns at royal visit to Luxembourg        
The Duchess of Cambridge wows the crowds in an Emilia Wickstead coat dress in Luxembourg.
          A primer on the European Union        
A referendum on Britain's membership of the European Union will take place on Thursday, June 23. Here is a handy guide to everything you need to know about the EU ahead of the vote. Why was the EU created? After the Second World War there was a new movement to create unity between Germany and France, which would ultimately lay the foundations for the European Union four decades later. When was the EU formed? The EU can trace its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed in 1951 and 1958 respectively by the Inner Six countries of Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
          SALES MANAGER / CHEMICAL ENGINEER        
CATALYST RECOVERY EUROPE SA Catalyst Recovery Europe S.A. provides off-site catalyst services to refineries and petrochemical companies across Europe. For our plant located in Rodange, Luxembourg we are looking for a: SALES MANAGER Job Description •...
          Nouveau projet avec des documents écrits en allemands: Luxembourg, Esch Meldeunterlagen, 1796-1923        
Il y a quelques semaines FamilySearch a lancé le premier projet d’indexation au Luxembourg avec des documents de Esch: Luxembourg, Esch Meldeunterlagen, 1796-1923. La plupart des documents sont écrits en allemand. Les plus anciennes années sont assez difficile à lire, mais les années plus récentes sont bien écrites. Ce projet est recommandé pour les bénévoles […]
          Team Grumpy 'must pull themselves together'        
News reaches Team Grumpy HQ that the Chief of Luxembourg Cycling has told Radioshack-Leopard rider Andy Schleck he must pull himself together after a winter in which he didn't work hard enough (Luxemburg cycling chief: Andy Schleck must pull himself together | CyclingNews.com).

By an astonishing coincidence both riders in Team Grumpy have likewise seen (albeit less unaccountable) loss of form during the off-season, and are expected to experience a serious motivational speech from the Team Manager when the team regroups for the annual embarrassment that is the first 2-up of the season. Both Grumpy Bob and 'Grumpy' Art Vanderlay have apparently been exchanging plaintive text messages in a vain attempt to explain their lack of early season form. In particular, they both claim to have been ill for what seems like an eternity. The Team Manager is expected to demand doctors' notes for both riders.

On the other hand, it may be worth noting Team grumpy Rule #1:
Remember to make your excuses before the race, not after. Otherwise it will just sound pathetic.



          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauEurope is the second smallest continent in the world .Here is the list of 47 countries in Europe and their capitals.

 Europe




S.no
Countries
Capitals
1.
Albania
Tirana
2.
Andorra
Andorra la Vella
3.
Austria
Vienna
4.
Belarus
Minsk
5.
Belgium
Brussels
6.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo
7.
Bulgaria
Sofia
8.
Croatia
Zagreb
9.
The Czech Republic
Prague
10.
Denmark
Copenhagen
11.
Estonia
Tallinn
12.
Finland
Helsinki
13.
France
Paris
14.
Germany
Berlin
16.
Greece
Athens
17.
Hungary
Budapest
18.
Iceland
Reykjavík
19.
Ireland
Dublin
20.
Italy
Rome
21.
Kosovo
Pristina
22.
Latvia
Riga
23.
Liechtenstein
Vaduz
24.
Lithuania
Vilnius
25.
Luxembourg
Luxembourg City
26.
Macedonia
Skopje
27.
Malta
Valletta
28.
Moldova
Chisinau
29.
Monaco
Monaco
30.
Montenegro
Podgorica
31.
The Netherlands
Amsterdam
32.
Norway
Oslo
33.
Poland
Warsaw
34.
Portugal
Lisbon
35.
Romania
Bucharest
36.
Russia
Moscow
37.
San Marino
San Marino
38.
Serbia
Belgrade
39.
Slovakia
Bratislava
40.
Slovenia
Ljubljana
41.
Spain
Madrid
42.
Sweden
Stockholm
43.
Switzerland
Bern
44.
Turkey
Ankara
45.
Ukraine
Kiev (Kyiv)
46.
The United Kingdom
London
47.
The Vatican City
Vatican City

          Twisty’s Treat of the Year 2012!        
From xbiz.com site —> LUXEMBOURG — Twistys has crowned TaylorVixen as its 2012 Treat of the Year. Twistys members voted by the thousands,  andRead the Rest...

          Flag Of Luxembourg Clip Art        
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          Luxembourg Clip Art        
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          FDA Allows WIN Consortium to Proceed with Targeted Tri-Therapy Clinical Trial in First Line Treatment of Metastatic Non Small Cell Lung Cancer        

VILLEJUIF, France--(BUSINESS WIRE/AETOS Wire)-- WIN Consortium (WIN) received the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)’s approval to start the clinical investigation of a novel therapeutic approach using a combination of three targeted therapies for the first line treatment of patients with advanced Non Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC). The Survival Prolongation by Rationale Innovative Genomics (SPRING) trial will aim to enroll patients who are usually offered first line platinum-based chemotherapy. Patients with documented targetable driver alterations (EGFR mutations, ALK rearrangements, ROS1 and MET exon 14 skipping mutations) will be excluded. The population of NSCLC patients without actionable oncogenic driver mutations, envisioned for the enrollment in SPRING trial, represents the vast majority of patients with metastatic NSCLC (~80% in the Caucasian population).
With over 60% of NSCLC detected in an advanced or metastatic stage, and less than 5% of patients alive at 5 years, a paradigm changing strategy for treating the deadliest cancer is needed. WIN’s novel approach is based on the utilization of the tri-therapy combination of targeted drugs, following the historical success of this approach in AIDS and tuberculosis. Similarly, our concept relies on the association of three targeted drugs that used in combination are expected to be highly potent, whereas used alone in monotherapy they produce only modest clinical outcome.
‘’Nevertheless, it is important to acknowledge a significant difference between cancer and AIDS which lies in the higher biological complexity and heterogeneity of cancer compared to AIDS. In AIDS, one tri-therapy combination is effective for a majority of patients, whereas in cancer it is expected that many combinations will be needed to treat all patients effectively. WIN Consortium has developed new technologies for tailoring combinations for each individual patient.’’ said Dr. John Mendelsohn, Chairman of WIN. "WIN’s trial, entitled SPRING, is therefore a first proof of concept of this novel approach in the treatment of lung cancer, and will test as a first combination three drugs from WIN’s big pharma members, Merck’s Avelumab combined with Pfizer’s Palbociclib and Axitinib.’’ added Dr. Mendelsohn.
SPRING’s investigator initiated research will be led by Dr. Razelle Kurzrock (University of California San Diego, Moores Cancer Center) and co-led by Dr. Enriqueta Felip (Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology) and is planned to be launched in 5 countries and 8 WIN member sites: University of California San Diego Moores Cancer Center and Avera Cancer Institute (Dr. Benjamin Solomon), USA; Institut Curie (Dr. Nicolas Girard), Centre Léon Bérard (Dr. Pierre Saintigny) and Hôpital Paris Saint-Joseph (Dr. Eric Raymond), France; Vall d'Hebron Institute of Oncology, Spain; Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg (Dr. Guy Berchem); and Chaim Sheba Medical Center (Dr. Jair Bar), Israel.
The SPRING trial will start with a Phase I portion to explore the safety of the combination and determine the optimal doses for the Phase II that will explore the efficacy of this tri-therapy regimen in first line treatment of metastatic NSCLC. The trial will also aim to validate a novel algorithm SIMS (Simplified Interventional Mapping System) developed by WIN and designed to match each patient’s tumor biology to a specific drug combination. For this purpose, both tumor and normal lung tissue biopsies will be obtained and explored in the SPRING trial. DNA and RNA analysis will be performed by Dr. Brandon Young at Avera WIN Precision Oncology Laboratory in San Marcos, California on biopsies using, respectively, Illumina NGS (next generation sequencing) and HTG Molecular’s expression (mRNA and microRNA) EdgeSeq technology used in conjuction with Illumina (NGS). Data integration for the SIMS algorithm will be performed by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (Dr. Eitan Rubin), Israel.
‘’It is an unprecedented cooperation between our WIN members from academia, industry and research organizations.“ said Dr. Vladimir Lazar, WIN Chief Scientific and Operating Officer. ‘’Eight clinical sites will activate the study, drugs will be provided by Pfizer Inc., DNA and RNA analysis technologies by Illumina and HTG Molecular and pharmacovigilance by Covance. In particular, we are grateful to Foundation ARC on cancer research in France for financial support to initiate the SPRING trial. We are welcoming the support of any other organization or private donors, wishing to join this unique global effort dedicated to lung cancer patients.’’ added Dr. Lazar.
‘’It is very exciting to see this endeavor becoming more concrete and this unprecedented cooperation materializing. We are looking forward to the activation of our clinical sites. We will need more combinations to be launched rapidly and other pharma companies to join us in this effort.’’, said Dr. Razelle Kurzrock, trial global coordinator, and Head of WIN Clinical Trials Committee. ‘’WIN has the potential and expertise to test other combinations and has the technologies needed to match patients’ tumor biology profile with the appropriate combination”.
About WIN Consortium
WIN Consortium is a French based non-profit network of 41 world-class academic medical centers, industries (pharmaceutical and diagnostic companies), health payer, research organizations and foundation and patient advocates spanning 17 countries and 4 continents, aligned to deliver now the progress in cancer treatment that is awaited by so many patients and families around the world.

For further information, please visit www.winconsortium.org

إدارة الغذاء والدواء الأمريكية تسمح لوين كونسورتيوم ببدء العمل بالتجربة السريرية للعلاج الثلاثي المستهدف كخط علاج أول لسرطان الرئة غير صغير الخلايا النقيلي

فيلجويف، فرنسا -(بزنيس واير/"ايتوس واير"): حصلت "وين كونسورتيوم" ("وين") على موافقة إدارة الغذاء والدواء الأمريكية ("إف دي إيه") للبدء بالدراسات السريرية بمنهجية علاجية حديثة باستخدام مجموعةً من ثلاثة علاجات مستهدفة لخط العلاج الأول للمرضى المصابين ببمراحل متقدّمة من سرطان الرئة ذو الخلايا غير الصغيرة ("إن إس سي إل سي"). وستهدف تجربة "إطالة أمد الحياة بالتقنيات الجينية المنطقية المبتكرة ("سبرينج") إلى تسجيل المرضى الذين يتلقون عادةً العلاج الكيماوي من الخط الأول القائم على البلاتين. وسيُستبعد المرضى الذين سجلوا تغيرات في الدافع القابل للاستهداف (طفرة مستقبل عامل النمو البشروي "إي جي إف آر"، وإعادة ترتيب مورثة الليمفوما الكشمية كيناز "إيه إل كيه"، وطفرة تخطي إنزيم "آر أو إس 1" و"إم إي تي إكسون 14"). ويمثل المرضى المصابون بسرطان الرئة غير صغير الخلايا دون طفرات قابلة للتدخل في الدافع السرطاني والذين يُتوقع تسجيلهم في تجربة "سبرينج"، الغالبية العظمى من المرضى المصابين بسرطان الرئة ذو الخلايا غير الصغيرة النقيلي (حوالي 80 في المائة من المرضى من العرق القوقازي).

ونظراً لاكتشاف حوالي 60 في المائة من سرطان الرئة غير صغير الخلايا في مرحلة متقدمة أو نقيلية، ووجود أقل من 5 في المائة من المرضى الذين ما زالوا على قيد الحياة بعد 5 أعوام، لا بدّ من اعتماد استراتيجية لتغيير النموذج لعلاج أنواع السرطان الأكثر فتكاً. وتستند منهجية "وين" الحديثة إلى استخدام مجموعة العلاجات الثلاثية من الأدوية المستهدفة، بعد النجاح التاريخي لهذه المنهجية في علاج مرضى الإيدز والسلّ. وعلى نحو مماثل، يعتمد مفهومنا على جمع الأدوية الثلاثة المستهدفة التي يُتوقّع أن تكون فعالة جداً عند استخدامها معاً، في حين أنها لن تؤدي سوى إلى نتيجة سريرية بسيطة إن استخدمت وحدها في علاج فردي.

وقال الدكتور جون مندلسون، رئيس مجلس إدارة "وين": "مع ذلك، إنه لمن الأهمية بمكان الاعتراف بوجود فرق كبير بين السرطان والإيدز حيث يكمن في التعقيد والتباين البيولوجي الكبير لمرض السرطان مقارنة بالإيدز. ففي علاج مرض الإيدز، يكون استخدام مجموعة واحدة ثلاثية العلاجات فعالاً لغالبية المرضى، في حين يُتوقع أن يحتاج علاج مرض السرطان إلى عدة مجموعات من العلاجات لمعالجة جميع المرضى بشكل فعال. وطوّرت ’وين كونسورتيوم‘ تقنيات جديدة لتخصيص مجموعات العلاجات لكل مريض على حدة. وبالتالي، تُعتبر تجربة ’وين‘، التي تحمل اسم ’سبرينج‘ دليلاً أولياً لمفهوم هذه المنهجية الحديثة في علاج سرطان الرئة، وستُختبر كأول مجموعة علاجات ثلاثية من قبل أعضاء ’وين‘ من الشركات الدوائية الرئيسية، والتي تتضمن ’أفيلوماب‘ من ’ميرك‘ مع ’بالبوسيكليب‘ و’أكسيتينيب‘ من ’فايزر‘".

وستقود البحث الأولي الذي أطلقه باحثو "سبرينج" الدكتورة رازيل كورزروك (جامعة كاليفورنيا سان دييغو، مركز مورز لأمراض السرطان) بمساعدة الدكتور إنريكيتا فيليب (معهد فال دي هيبرون للأورام السرطانية) ومن المخطط إطلاقه في 5 دول و8 مواقع خاصة بأعضاء شركة "وين"، حيث تتضمن جامعة كاليفورنيا سان دييغو، مركز مورز لأمراض السرطان؛ ومعهد أفيرا لأمراض السرطان (الدكتور بنجامين سولومون)، في الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية؛ ومعهد كوري (الدكتور نيكولاس جيرارد)؛ ومركز ليون بيرارد (الدكتور بيير ساينتيجني)؛ ومستشفى باريس سان جوزيف (الدكتور إريك رايموند)، في فرنسا؛ ومعهد فال دي هيبرون للأورام السرطانية، في إسبانيا؛ ومركز هوسبيتلير دو لوكسمبورغ (الدكتور جاي بيرشيم)؛ ومركز شايم شيبا الطبي (الدكتور جير بار)، في إسرائيل.

وستبدأ تجربة "سبرينج" بجزء المرحلة الأولى لاستكشاف سلامة مجموعة العالجات وتحديد الجرعات المثلى للمرحلة الثانية التي ستستكشف فعالية نظام العلاج الثلاثي هذا في خط العلاج الأول لسرطان الرئة غير صغير الخلايا النقيلي. وستهدف التجربة أيضاً إلى التحقق من صحة خوارزميات "إس آي إم إس" الحديثة (نظام مبسّط لرسم خرائط التدخلات) الذي طوّرته وصمّمته "وين" للقيام بعملية المطابقة الحيوية بين الأورام لدى كل مريض مع مجموعة معين من العلاجات. ولتحقيق هذه الغاية، ستؤخذ خزعات من الأنسجة المصابة بأورام والأنسجة الطبيعية وسيجري استكشافها في تجربة "سبرينج". وسيتم إجراء تحليلات الحمض النووي الريبي منقوص الأوكسجين "دي إن إيه" والحمض النووي الريبي "آر إن إيه" من قبل الدكتور براندون يونغ، في مختبرات أفيرا بريسيشن لأمراض السرطان التابعة لـ "وين" في سان ماركوس بكاليفورنيا، على خرعٍ باستخدام التقنيات التالية على التوالي: تقنية "إلومينا إن جي إس" (الجيل التالي من تقنيات التسلسل الجيني) وتعبيرات تقنية "إيدج سيك" من "إتش تي جي موليكيولار" (الحمض النووي الريبي المرسال "إم آر إن إيه" والحمض النووي الريبي المصغر "ميكرو آر إن إيه") المستخدمة بالتزامن مع تقنية "إلومينا إن جي إس". وستجري عملية تكامل البيانات لخوارزمية نظام "إس آي إم إس" في جامعة بن جوريون في النقب بإسرائيل (من قبل الدكتور إيتان روبن).

وقال الدكتور فلاديمير لازار، الرئيس التنفيذي للشؤون العلمية والتشغيلية في "وين": "نشهد تعاوناً غير مسبوق بين أعضاء ’وين‘ من المنظمات الأكاديمية والصناعية والمعنية بالأبحاث. وستقوم ثمانية مواقع سريرية بتفعيل الدراسة، وستتوفر الأدوية من ’فايزر‘ وستجري ’إلومينا‘و’إتش تي جي موليكيولار‘ تقنيات تحليل الحمض النووي الريبي منقوص الأوكسجين "دي إن إيه" والحمض النووي الريبي "آر إن إيه"، بينما توفّر’كوفانس‘ القياسات الحيوية والسلامة الدوائية. ونتوجّه بالشكر بشكل خاص إلى ’فاوندايشن إيه آر سي‘ للبحث السرطاني في فرنسا على الدعم المالي للبدء بتجربة ’سبرينج‘. ونرحّب بدعم أي منظمة أخرى أو أي متبرعٍ خاص يرغب بالانضمام لهذا الجهد العالمي الفريد من نوعه والمخصص لمرضى سرطان الرئة".

وقالت الدكتورة رازيل كورزروك، المنسقة العالمية للتجارب، ورئيسة لجنة التجارب السريرية في "وين": "من المشوق جداً رؤية تحوّل هذه الجهود إلى أمرٍ ملموس إضافةً إلى تجسّد هذا التعاون غير المسبوق. ونتطلع إلى تفعيل مواقعنا السريرية، كما سنحتاج إلى إطلاق المزيد من مجموعات العلاجات بسرعة وإلى انضمام شركات أدويةٍ أُخرى إلينا في إنجاز هذا العمل. وتملك "وين" القدرة والخبرة لاختبار مجموعات علاجاتٍ أخرى ولديها التقنيات المطلوبة بعملية المطابقة الحيوية بين الأورام لدى كل مريض مع مجموعة علاجاتٍ مناسبةٍ من الأدوية".

لمحة عن "وين كونسورتيوم"
تُعتبر "وين كونسورتيوم" شبكةً غير ربحيّة تتّخذ من فرنسا مقرّاً لها وتضمّ 41 عضواً عالمي المستوى من مراكز أكاديمية طبية، وقطاعات (شركات دوائية وتشخيصية)، وجهات ممولة لنفقات الرعاية الصحّية، ومنظمات الأبحاث، والمؤسسات، والمدافعين عن حقوق المرضى في 17 دولةً وأربع قارّات، حيث تعمل بشكل متناسق لتوفر في الوقت الحاضر التطورات في مجال علاج مرض السرطان التي ينتظرها الكثير من المرضى والعائلات في جميع أنحاء العالم.
United Kingdom U-16 – Luxembourg U-16 maçını canlı izle yazısı ilk önce Canlı Maç Ä°zle, Online Maç Ä°zle, Maç Yayınları üzerinde ortaya çıktı.


          Luxembourg U-18 – Estonia U-18 maçını canlı izle        

Bu maç bitmiş ve yayından kaldırılmıştır. Güncel futbol yayınları için Futbol kategorimizi, güncel basketbol yayınları için Basketbol kategorimizi ziyaret edebilirsiniz.

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          Portugal U-18 – Luxembourg U-18 maçını canlı izle        

Bu maç bitmiş ve yayından kaldırılmıştır. Güncel futbol yayınları için Futbol kategorimizi, güncel basketbol yayınları için Basketbol kategorimizi ziyaret edebilirsiniz.

Portugal U-18 – Luxembourg U-18 maçını canlı izle yazısı ilk önce Canlı Maç Ä°zle, Online Maç Ä°zle, Maç Yayınları üzerinde ortaya çıktı.


          Luxembourg U-18 – Poland U-18 maçını canlı izle        

Bu maç bitmiş ve yayından kaldırılmıştır. Güncel futbol yayınları için Futbol kategorimizi, güncel basketbol yayınları için Basketbol kategorimizi ziyaret edebilirsiniz.

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          Luxembourg U-18 – Ireland U-18 maçını canlı izle        

Bu maç bitmiş ve yayından kaldırılmıştır. Güncel futbol yayınları için Futbol kategorimizi, güncel basketbol yayınları için Basketbol kategorimizi ziyaret edebilirsiniz.

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          Luxembourg Travel Guide        
Explore and enrich your life with the varied experiences Luxembourg offers in each of its beautiful destinations which are spread across the country. Soak in the bounty of nature and surround yourself with vast expanses of green farmland, breathtaking waterfalls and glimpses of medieval history by discovering Luxembourg.
          Renewable Energy - Weekly update ⋅ August 29, 2016         



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Alfa Laval wins SEK 120 Million Energy Efficiency Order in South Korea. LUND, Sweden, Jun 18, 2012 (BUSINESS WIRE) -- Regulatory News: Alfa Laval ...
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          åŒ…装検査の世界市場予測(~2022年):物理的検査、化学的検査、微生物学的検査        

“Packaging testing market projected to grow at a CAGR of 12.0%”The packaging testing market is projected to reach USD 14.64 billion by 2022, at a CAGR of 12.0% from 2017. The market is driven by factors such as the establishment of stringent regulations in the packaging and packaged products industry by developed as well as emerging countries due to increasing product recalls and cases of illness & hospitalizations caused by faulty packaging. The growth in the market is also attributed to the technological advancements due to increased R&D investments by companies.
Factors such as increasing packaging testing cost with the adoption of advanced technologies and the lack of standardization in regulations across various regions are restraining the market growth.

“Plastics segment dominated the market with the largest share in 2016”
The plastic packaging segment accounted for the largest market share among the different material types for packaging testing in 2016 with the wide usage of plastic packaging in various industries due to its advantages such as lightweight and cost effectiveness over other packaging materials. The largely tested plastic packaging types are flexible plastics and rigid plastics. The demand for rigid plastic testing has been driven by high demand from the packaging industry. The market for flexible package testing is driven by its convenience.

“Physical tests segment led the market with the largest share in 2016”
Physical testing methods are segmented into conventional and non-conventional. The conventional techniques are visual or optical inspection, dye penetrant testing, magnetic particle testing, Eddy current testing, radiography testing, and ultrasonic testing. The non-conventional methods are used only for specific applications and include neutron radiography, acoustic emission, thermal and infrared testing, strain sensing, leak testing, and holography. The physical test technologies provide assurance of reliability, quality, and high performance of packaging, which in turn drives its market.

“Pharmaceutical industry dominated the market in 2016”
The packaging quality of pharmaceutical products plays a vital role in ensuring their protection. It involves the testing of a wide range of packaging materials such as paper, paperboard, cardboard, and rigid plastic packaging materials. This market is driven by the need for new safe packaging material and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) compliance for packaging materials used by pharmaceutical companies.

“China contributed to the largest market share in the Asia-Pacific region in 2016”
The European region dominated the packaging testing market in 2016, whereas the Asia-Pacific region is projected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. The high amount of retail and FMCG industry development in countries such as India and China is also a contributing factor for the growth of this market in the Asia-Pacific region.

The figure below shows the breakdown of the primaries on the basis of the company, designation, and region, conducted during the research study.
By Company Type: Tier 1 – 38%, Tier 2 – 42%, and Tier 3 – 20%
By Designation: C level – 45% and D level – 55%
By Region: North America – 10%, Europe – 70%, Asia-Pacific – 15%, RoW – 5%

Major players such as SGS S.A. (Switzerland), Bureau Veritas SA (France), Intertek Group Plc. (U.K.), Eurofins Scientific SE (Luxembourg), TÜV SÜD AG (Germany), and Mérieux NutriSciences Corporation (U.S.) collectively accounted for a majority of the global packaging testing market. Other players in the market include ALS Limited (Australia), National Technical Systems, Inc. (U.S.), Microbac Laboratories, Inc. (U.S.), EMSL Analytical Inc. (U.S.), Campden BRI (U.K.), and Institut fur Produktqualitat GmbH (Germany).

Research Coverage:
The report focuses on packaging testing services for different materials and regions. It aims at estimating the market size and future growth potential of this market across different segments—type, material type, technology, end-use industry, and region. Furthermore, the report includes an in-depth competitive analysis of the key players in the market along with their company profiles, competitive leadership mapping, recent developments, and key market strategies.

Reasons to buy this report:
• To get a comprehensive overview of the global packaging testing market
• To gain wide-ranging information about the top players in this industry, their service portfolios, and key strategies adopted by them
• To gain insights of the major countries/regions in which the packaging testing market is flourishing

The post 包装検査の世界市場予測(~2022年):物理的検査、化学的検査、微生物学的検査 appeared first on 世界の市場調査資料.


          Jardin du Luxembourg, Paris        

Jardin du Luxembourg, Paris

Photo by Rasmus


          Lawyers’ training activities Europe-wide – a European project        

From February 2013, the CCBE (Councils of Bars and Law Societies of Europe) and EIPA Luxembourg (European Centre for Judges and Lawyers) are implementing a European Union pilot project on lawyers' training activities. It is the first time that such a broad ranging survey dedicated to training of lawyers is put in place by the European Commission.


          Office Chair Racing        
  Office chairs, although mounted on castors, stay stationary nearly all of the time. However in Germany a sport that has only been running for 3 years, the office chair championships, changes the way we think about office chairs. Competitors take their chairs and hurl themselves off a ramp down a 200m downhill course. As you’ve probably guessed, the first one to cross the finish line without falling off wins. It’s faster than you might think as competitors can reach speeds of up to 35 mph (22mph). This year saw 58 participants take part in the race however it was Luxembourger Pierre Feller who won, completing the course in 29.95 seconds, which is a new course record. He used a new technique which was to lie down on the chair and race head first. "His lying-down technique was sensational!" remarked the organiser René Karg. There was some controversy in the design of the office chair, however, the chairs are allowed to be fitted with inline-skate wheels and handles, but no kind of motor or engine power is permitted. The competition held in the town of Bad König-Zell in Hesse is the third of the championships with competitors travelling from around the area, mainly from Cologne, Stuttgart and Luxembourg, however this year’s second and third places were awarded to locals Andreas Ripper and Finn-Jan Rucktäschel. There is also a prize not only for the winner of the race, but also the best designed office chair racer. This was awarded to Heiko Winter, also a local resident of the town, not for an aerodynamic design but for sheer novelty. Heiko had fitted his chair with a horse’s head and saddle and came to the event dressed as a cowboy to complete the look. Due to the success of this year’s event, it is in no doubt that next year more competitors will be taking part. Who knows maybe we'll see other office furniture making an appearance in the racing world, maybe office desks or mobile pedestals!  
          Mandag 25. april pÃ¥ tre minutter: Siv Jensens «hitling», komplott mot Trump og hatefulle imamer pÃ¥ Oslo-konferanse        
Mer enn nok Ã¥ fÃ¥ hodet rundt i starten av uka:   Brannslukking i Telenor og DNB Norske myndigheter fÃ¥r, med bankens hjelp, kloa i oversikten over DNBs Luxembourg-kunder med skatteparadis-kontoer.…

          Roundels and family trees        

I have written before about the slow development of what has come to be known as the "family tree", including reducing human network relationships to a tree-like form (Reducing networks to trees), and presenting it as an actual tree (Drawing family trees as trees), rooted at the base (Does it matter which way up a tree is drawn?).

Most of the early representations of pedigrees had the people's names enclosed in a circle, called a "roundel", and it was these roundels that were connected to show the family relationships. One of the steps on the way to a tree was thus dropping this idea, so that the names could be connected directly.

Some of the diagrams with roundels that I have covered include:

c. 400 CE — The genealogy of Jesus Christ, Part I, Part II, Part III
c. 1000 CE — Genealogy of Cunigunde of Luxembourg
c. 1140 CE — Genealogy of the Carolingians
c. 1185 CE — Genealogy of the Welf dynasty
c. 1237 CE — Genealogy of the Ottonian dynasty

Interestingly, the earliest pedigrees that do not have roundels also date from this early period. As noted by Nathaniel Lane Taylor, the importance of this development is that: "the scribe relies on the power of the names themselves to anchor a diagram on the page, with lines simply taking the place of any syntax needed to describe the filiation." That is, no abstract iconography is needed.

I have already illustrated the earliest known example:
c. 1121 CE — The genealogy of Lambert of Saint-Omer


Taylor provides links to illustrations of the next known example:
   c. 1128, John of Worcester, Chronicle of World and English History (Corpus Christi College MS 157).
This book contains eight genealogies of Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings (pp. 47-54), one of which is shown above.

Taylor also refers to "one of the Arabic stemmata" illustrated in:
   Arthur Watson (1934) The Early Iconography of the Tree of Jesse. Oxford University Press,
I have not seen this book, but the illustrations are apparently confined to those from the 12th century, making the diagram contemporaneous with the two listed above. The Tree of Jesse normally appears in Medieval Christian art as a richly illustrated genealogy of Jesus in illuminated manuscripts, but apparently this one was an exception.


          Re: How to reduce poverty: Boost workers' wages        
You say that the only way to reduce poverty is to increase wages. It would certainly take some out of poverty, but for others, those that either lose their jobs or have their hours shortened due to the increased cost, it would worsen their situation.

Instead of mandating wages above their market levels, how about the government takes actions to lower the costs of living for people.
Posted by Luxembourg
          Malta's Real Estate Sector still booming        
Malta's Real Estate Sector still booming

Both Malta's residential and commercial real estate markets are seeing unprecedented demand in 2017. According to The Malta Times, over 500 participants are expected at Malta-based Start-up Gathering this September, a clear sign that Malta is not just a hot tip among holiday home hunters, but also of increasing interest to entrepreneurs looking for a base in the EU.

This year's edition of "ZEST", the predominant gathering for Malta-based start-ups, will take place on 19th and 20th September. A brain-child of the Malta Communications Authority, the innovation event will be hosted by the Radisson Blu Golden Sands Resort & Spa. The 500 plus participants will include CEOs and start-up founders, influencers, investors, support professionals and entrepreneurial talent in a cosmopolitan gathering. Some of these participants are already local residents (expats and Maltese-born), but quite a few people are expected to fly in specially for the event.

ZEST is regarded as a great networking opportunity, where participants can discover Malta-based opportunities as well as build business relationships. Over the past few years, Malta's government has worked hard to create an entrepreneur-friendly habitat, aiming to turn Malta into one of the first countries to embrace certain disruptive technologies such as block-chain, one of several initiatives pursued by tech start-ups.

Attracting cutting edge technology start-ups to Malta brings not only many economic advantages in terms of new jobs and corporate investment, but also private investment, as entrepreneurs need offices, housing ect. Malta's residential and commercial real estate sector has been booming as a result.

ZEST gatherings are held in a very informal format, where discussions and talks are short, but to the point. Topics under review include investment and business foresight, organisational culture, scaling strategies and the impact emerging technologies have on established verticals such as content, finance and hospitality for example.

Some of the speakers already confirmed for this year include Dr Ulrich Bez, credited with turning around the fortunes of luxury car manufacturer Aston Martin; Paul Teng, who is the co-founder and Chief Innovation Officer at SIXCAP; Jenn Hirsch, who is Global Technology Tend Scout for accountancy firm Ernst & Young; and Samer Karam, who is Creator and Organiser of BDL Accelerate in Lebanon. SIXCAP is one of this year's sponsors of the ZEST event, as are Sherpa and Go Beyond Investing.

There are still a limited number of early bird tickets available until 13th August – please contact organisers MCA for more information via e-mail info@zest.org.mt .

Malta's Economy is expected to grow by 3.7% in 2017

Such a growth rate would mean Malta would see the third-highest expansion of economy within the EU, after Romania and Luxembourg. Favourable labour market conditions and continued positive development, coupled with increased private consumption, are cited as driving factors.

Malta also saw the third lowest unemployment rate in Europe at around 4.1% in 2016, that's next only to Germany and the Czech Republic, and just half the Euro-zones (EA19) average unemployment rate of 9.5%. All of the above makes Malta one of the EU's fastest growing economies, and that attracts many entrepreneurs and house hunters to the islands.

Unlike Spain, Malta has very few empty properties, according to Malta's Developer Association. In 2016, the association's president Sandro Chetcuti said at a conference organised by audit firm EY that only half of the 55,000 residential properties on the market were listed as vacant, and these were second homes or holiday homes.

The Maltese government had encouraged use of vacant properties by cutting stamp duty on transfers of properties within urban conservation areas from 5% to 2.5% for contracts that were dated between 1st January and 31st December 2016, and this meant many vacant properties were snapped up by buyers keen to take advantage of the lower stamp duty.

At the same time, rents rose drastically between 2012 and 2015, according to the Maltese National Statistics Office (NSO). The average rent for a single-bedroom apartment rose from 437.00 euros in 2012 to 605.00 euros in 2015, a staggering increase of 38% - and rents are still on the up. This reason for this is a growing number of foreign workers arriving in Malta, who are renting rather than buying, when they first arrive.

As a result, selling prices are continuing to rise, both for commercial and residential property, and 2017 has seen an increase in permits for developers to construct new properties.


Article by + on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          American Retailer Claims Prime Barcelona Asset        

Real estate giant Hines expanded its retail portfolio this month with the purchase of Arcs 10, an upscale retail asset in Barcelona. Houston-based Hines forked out almost €40m for the 1,200m² property, located close to the Cathedral and Plaza Sant Jaume in Spain's perennially popular tourist hotspot.

The building is leased to Barcelona-based international fashion retailer Desigual, who emerged in Ibiza back in 1984 to become one of the largest fashion retailers in Europe with a presence in 42 countries around the world. Arcs 10 is also home to the four star hotel, Catalonia Catedral.

Hines acquired the retail asset from a private Spanish investor on behalf of its Pan-European Core Fund (HCEF), a euro-dominated Luxembourg-based investment fund established in 2007. Managed by the Hines group, the fund aims to develop an extensive portfolio of commercial real estate assets across Europe.

The acquisition comes at a time when confidence in Spain's economic stability and future performance is riding high among investors.

" With the acceleration of economic growth, take off of retail sales and consequent performance of the High Street, Spain is an attractive market, where tenant activity is seen to be strongly improving, for both existing retailers in the market, and newcomers seeking to make a presence, " said Jamie Rea, managing director for Hines España.

As part of its Europe expansion, Hines entered the Spanish market with an investment in 84 acres of land in downtown Barcelona in 1996. That investment, fronting onto the Mediterranean Sea, is now known as Diagonal Mar, one of Europe's largest mixed-use developments, totalling more than 37 hectares.

The project consists of a retail and leisure centre, which opened in November 2001, five residential phases totalling 1,400 apartments, three hotels, three office buildings and the third-largest public park in Barcelona. Hines expanded its Spain operations in 2000 by opening the Madrid office and in 2004 with its Marbella office.

Significant purchases of this nature are proving to boost investor interest in Spain's real estate markets. Investors in residential properties have been growing in numbers in recent months, buoyed further by euro weakness against other currencies. With major players taking the lead, this is a trend that is set to continue well into 2016 and beyond.


Article by +https://plus.google.com/104516603036446499629?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Biography of Hitlar        

  • NAME: Adolf Hitler
  • OCCUPATION: Military LeaderDictator
  • BIRTH DATE: April 201889
  • DEATH DATE: April 30, 1945
  • PLACE OF BIRTH: Braunau am Inn, Austria
  • PLACE OF DEATH: Berlin, Germany
  • NICKNAME: Der Führer ("The Leader")
  • FULL NAME: Adolf Hitler

BEST KNOWN FOR

Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. He initiated World War II and oversaw fascist policies that resulted in millions of deaths.

QUOTES

"Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live."

"It is not truth that matters, but victory."

"Germany will either be a world power or will not be at all."

"I go the way that Providence dictates with the assurance of a sleepwalker."

"If you want to shine like sun first you have to burn like it."

Synopsis

Born in Austria in 1889, Adolf Hitler rose to power in German politics as leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party, also known as the Nazi Party. Hitler was chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945, and served as dictator from 1934 to 1945. His policies precipitated World War II and the Holocaust. Hitler committed suicide with wife Eva Braun on April 30, 1945, in his Berlin bunker

Early Years

Born in Branau am Inn, Austria, on April 20, 1889, Adolf Hitler was the fourth of six children born to Alois Hitler and Klara Polzl. When Hitler was 3 years old, the family moved from Austria to Germany. As a child, Hitler clashed frequently with his father. Following the death of his younger brother, Edmund, in 1900, he became detached and introverted. His father did not approve of his interest in fine art rather than business. In addition to art, Hitler showed an early interest in German nationalism, rejecting the authority of Austro-Hungary. This nationalism would become the motivating force of Hitler's life.

Alois died suddenly in 1903. Two years later, Adolf’s mother allowed her son to drop out of school. He moved to Vienna and worked as a casual laborer and a watercolor painter. Hitler applied to the Academy of Fine Arts twice, and was rejected both times. Out of money, he moved into a homeless shelter, where he remained for several years. Hitler later pointed to these years as the time when he first cultivated his anti-Semitism, though there is some debate about this account.

At the outbreak of World War I, Hitler applied to serve in the German army. He was accepted in August 1914, though he was still an Austrian citizen. Although he spent much of his time away from the front lines, Hitler was present at a number of significant battles and was wounded at the Somme. He was decorated for bravery, receiving the Iron Cross First Class and the Black Wound Badge.

Hitler became embittered over the collapse of the war effort. The experience reinforced his passionate German patriotism, and he was shocked by Germany's surrender in 1918. Like other German nationalists, he believed that the German army had been betrayed by civilian leaders and Marxists. He found the Treaty of Versailles degrading, particularly the demilitarization of the Rhineland and the stipulation that Germany accept responsibility for starting the war.

After World War I, Hitler returned to Munich and continued to work for the military as an intelligence officer. While monitoring the activities of the German Workers’ Party (DAP), Hitler adopted many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist and anti-Marxist ideas of DAP founder Anton Drexler. Drexler invited Hitler to join the DAP, which he did in 1919.

To increase its appeal, the DAP changed its name to theNationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP). Hitler personally designed the party banner, featuring a swastika in a white circle on a red background. Hitler soon gained notoriety for his vitriolic speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians, Marxists and Jews.
In 1921, Hitler replaced Drexler as NSDAP party chairman.







Hitler's vitriolic beer-hall speeches began attracting regular audiences. Early followers included army captain Ernst Rohm, the head of the Nazi paramilitary organization, the Sturmabteilung (SA), which protected meetings and frequently attacked political opponents. On November 8, 1923, Hitler and the SA stormed a public meeting of 3,
000 people at a large beer hall in Munich. Hitler announced that the national revolution had begun and declared the formation of a new government. After a short struggle including 20 deaths, the coup, known as the "Beer Hall Putsch," failed.






Hitler was arrested three days later and tried for high treason. He served a year in prison, during which time he dictated most of the first volume of Mein Kampf ("My Struggle") to his deputy, Rudolf Hess. The book laid out Hitler's plans for transforming German society into one based on race.

Rise to Power

The Great Depression in Germany provided a political opportunity for Hitler. Germans were ambivalent to the parliamentary republic and increasingly open to extremist options. In 1932, Hitler ran against Paul von Hindenburg for the presidency. Hitler came in second in both rounds of the election, garnering more than 35 percent of the vote in the final election. The election established Hitler as a strong force in German politics. Hindenburg reluctantly agreed to appoint Hitler as chancellor in order to promote political balance.

Hitler used his position as chancellor to form a de facto legal dictatorship. The Reichtag Fire Decree, announced after a suspicious fire at the Reichtag, suspended basic rights and allowed detention without trial. Hitler also engineered the passage of the Enabling Act, which gave his cabinet full legislative powers for a period of four years and allowed deviations from the constitution.

Having achieved full control over the legislative and executive branches of government, Hitler and his political allies embarked on a systematic suppression of the remaining political opposition. By the end of June, the other parties had been intimidated into disbanding. On July 14, 1933, Hitler's Nazi Party was declared the only legal political party in Germany.

Military opposition was also punished. The demands of the SA for more political and military power led to the Night of the Long Knives, which took place from June 30 to July 2, 1934. Ernst Röhm and other SA leaders, along with a number of Hitler's political enemies, were rounded up and shot.

The day before Hindenburg’s death in August 1934, the cabinet had enacted a law abolishing the office of president and combining its powers with those of the chancellor. Hitler thus became head of state as well as head of government, and was formally named as leader and chancellor. As head of state, Hitler became supreme commander of the armed forces. He began to mobilize for war. Germany withdrew from the League of Nations, and Hitler announced a massive expansion of Germany’s armed forces.
The Nazi regime also included social reform measures. Hitler promoted anti-smoking campaigns across the country. These campaigns stemmed from Hitler’s self-imposed dietary restrictions, which included abstinence from alcohol and meat. At dinners




Hitler sometimes told graphic stories about the slaughter of animals in an effort to shame his fellow diners. He encouraged all Germans to keep their bodies pure of any intoxicating or unclean substance.







A main Nazi concept was the notion of racial hygiene. New laws banned marriage between non-Jewish and Jewish Germans, and deprived "non-Aryans" of the benefits of German citizenship. Hitler's early eugenic policies targeted children with physical and developmental disabilities, and later authorized a euthanasia program for disabled adults.

The Holocaust was also conducted under the auspices of racial hygiene. Between 1939 and 1945, Nazis and their collaborators were responsible for the deaths of 11 million to 14 million people, including about 6 million Jews, representing two-thirds of the Jewish population in Europe. Deaths took place in concentration and extermination camps and through mass executions. Other persecuted groups included Poles, communists, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and trade unionists, among others. Hitler probably never visited the concentration camps and did not speak publicly about the killings.

World War II

In 1938, Hitler, along with several other European leaders, signed the Munich Agreement. The treaty ceded the Sudetenland districts to Germany, reversing part of the Versailles Treaty. As a result of the summit, Hitler was named Time magazine's Man of the Year for 1938. This diplomatic win only whetted his appetite for a renewed German dominance. On September 1, Germany invaded Poland. In response, Britain and France declared war on Germany.

Hitler escalated his activities in 1940, invading Scandinavia as well as France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and Belgium. Hitler ordered bombing raids on the United Kingdom, with the goal of invasion. Germany’s formal alliance with Japan and Italy, known collectively as the Axis powers, was signed to deter the United States from supporting and protecting the British.

On June 22, 1941, Hitler violated a non-aggression pact with Joseph Stalin, sending 3 million German troops into the Soviet Union. The invading force seized a huge area before the German advance was stopped outside Moscow in December 1941.

On December 7, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. Hitler was now at war against a coalition that included the world's largest empire (Britain), the world's greatest financial power (the U.S.) and the world's largest army (the Soviet Union).

Facing these odds, Hitler's military judgment became increasingly erratic. Germany's military and economic position deteriorated along with Hitler's health. Germany and the Axis could not sustain Hitler’s aggressive and expansive war. In late 1942, German forces failed to seize the Suez Canal. The German army also suffered defeats at the Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Kursk.
On June 6, 1944, the Western Allied armies landed in northern France. As a result of these significant setbacks, many German officers concluded that defeat was inevitable and that Hitler's denial would result in the destruction of the country.





Death and Legacy

By early 1945, Hitler realized that Germany was going to lose the war. The Soviets had driven the German army back into Western Europe, and the Allies were advancing into Germany. On April 29, 1945, Hitler married his girlfriend, Eva Braun, in a small civil ceremony in his Berlin bunker. Around this time, Hitler was informed of the assassination of Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. Afraid of falling into the hands of enemy troops, Hitler and Braun committed suicide the day after their wedding, on April 30, 1945. Their bodies were carried to the bombed-out garden behind the Reich Chancellery, where they were burned. Berlin fell on May 2, 1945.

Hitler’s political program had brought about a world war, leaving behind a devastated and impoverished Eastern and Central Europe, including Germany. His policies inflicted human suffering on an unprecedented scale and resulted in the death of an estimated 40 million people, including about 27 million in the Soviet Union. Hitler's defeat marked the end of a phase of European history dominated by Germany, and the defeat of fascism. A new ideological global conflict, the Cold War, emerged in the aftermath of World War II.








          2013 Apple and Pear Benchgrafts        
Hey gang - big news!  I just got off the phone with Nick Botner and he's going to offer scionwood again this year.  We thought last year was our last chance as his property is for sale but he has assured me he will make his collection available for this season.  He would like us to get our request in soon so please order sooner rather than later.  He also has upped his pricing to $6 a stick. 

Same pricing as last year - $10/benchgrafted tree 10 tree minimum.  Make checks out to Wagon Wheel Orchard and mail with a summary of your request plus plenty of alternate choices.  With the drought this year it will be difficult to specify which trees have adequate source wood. 

Mail to: Wagon Wheel Orchard 15380 Edgerton Rd Gardner KS 66030. 

We will be grafting apples on M111 and M7, pears on Bartlett or OHF series.  If you are unfamiliar just let us know if you'd like standard or semi-dwarf.  Below is the most extensive scion list in the world - 2013 may be your last chance to acquire many of these cultivars.

Pears are listed after apples.


APPLES

15th Street Mystery
157 Keeper
38 Special
Aachen Red
Aarguer Jubilaums
Abbeca
Abbondanza
Abrikesinis
Abrim
AC Goldspice
AC Red Russet
Accordlan
Acme
Adam
Adams
Adams Pearmain
Adanac
Adersleber Kalvllle
Adina
Advance
Agnes
Airlies Red Flesh
Alamanc Pound
Altaiska Sweet
Aitiaiskoye Descenthoye
Aivania
Akane
Akero
Akin
Alabaster
Alamaka
Alamanc Pound
Alamata
Alaska Etter
Alaska Pink
Alberta Red
Alexander
Alexis Crab
Alfa 68
Alfred Jolibois
Alfriston
Alice
Alkmene
Allegheny Seedling
Allens Everlasting
Allington Pippin
Allum
Alma Sweet
Almata
Almey
Almond
Alnarp 2
Alpha 68 A
Alpha 68 B
Alpinist
Als Mystery
Altal Mountain
Altlander Pfankuchenapfel
Alton
Alvania
Amanishild
Amasya 2
Amasya 3
Amasya 4
Amasya 5
Ambitious
Ambrosia
Amed
Amelia
Amere De Bellevue
Amere De Berthecourt
American Beauty
American Forestier
American Golden Russet
American Pippin
Grindstone aka American Pippin
American Summer
Ames 550
Amism
Amori Delicious CHM
Amri
Amslb Crab
Amur Naliv
Amur Red
Amy
Amzr Gauthier
Ananas Reinette
Ananas Rouge
Ananas Rouge X2
Anaros
Angolle Gis
Anis
Anis Ally K32
Anisim
Ann Trio
Anna
Anne
Annie Elizabeth
Anoka
Antonovka
Antonovka One and a Half Pounds
Antonovka Debnicka
Antonovka Kamenichka
Antonovka Mitchurin
Antonovka Monasir
Antonovka Ottawa
Antonovka Polutorapuntovaya
Antonovka Zheltaio
Antonovka Shafran
Apetala
Apfel Aus Grunheide
Api Etoile
Api Rose
Apple Babe
Appomatox Golden Sweet
Apricot Apple
Arctic Red
Arkad Zimnyl
Arkansas
Arkansas Black
Arkansas Black Spur
Arkansas Mammoth Black
Arkansas Sweet
Arkcharm
Arlet
Armstrong
Aroma
Aroma Prlddy
Aroma Swedish
Aromat De Vara
Aromatic Russet
Arrow
Arthur Turner
Ashbury
Ashford Striped
Ashmeads Kernel
Ashton Bitter
Ashton Brown Jersey
Aspirn
Assumption
Asterus
Astillisch
Astrachan Crab
Astrachan Red
Astrachan Rouge
Astrachan Striped
Astrachan White
Atha
Athabaska Crab
Atlas
Auderpool
August Beauty
August Queen
August Red
Augusts Best
Aunt Coras Field Apple
Aunt Coras Yard Apple
Aunt Lucy
Aunt Maggie
Aunt Rachel
Aunt Salley
Aunt Zacharys Red Blush
Auralia
Aurora
Aurora Braeburn
Autumn Arctic
Autumn Pearmain
Autumn Strawberry
Autumn Sweet
Fuji Auvil Early
Auvil Early Fuji
Avenarius
AW Barnes
B Walters
Babine
Bablch
Black Steifapfel
Badami Golden Delicious
Golden Delicious Badami
Bailey June
Bailey Sour
Bailey Sweet
Bainbridge
Baker Sweet
Bakers Delicious
Balancier
Bald Mountain
Baldwin Green
Baldwin
Baldwin Black
Baldwin Red
Baldwin Red Flesh
Ballerina
Balls Choice
Ballyfatten
Baltimore
Baltimore Pound
Baltimore Red
Banana Dodd
Banana Pippin
Banana Rose
Banana Summer
Banana Winter
Winter Banana
Banana Winter Spur
Bancroft
Banks
Banner Yellow
Banons Seedling
Baptist
Barkers Liner
Barkley Rome
Barn
Barnack Beauty
Barney Blair June
Baron Wolsey
Barre
Barry
Bart
Basakirian Beauty
Bascombe Mystery
Basettl
Batchelor
Bates Lobo
Battleford
Battleford Improved
Batul
Batuleen
Bauer
Baumans Reinette
Bausel
Baxter
Baxters Pearmain
Bazeley
Beach
Beachamwell
Beacon
Bean
Bearl
Beau Jade
Beautiful Arcade
Beautrix
Beauty of Bath
Beauty of Hants
Beauty of Kent
Beauty of the World
Beaver 1
Beck Searcy
Bectel Crab
Bed Dagen
Bedan
Bedan Des Parts
Bedford Pippin
Bedford Red
Bedford
Beecher
Beeley Pippin
Beforest
Bella De Jardins
Bellcourt
Belle DAvril
Belle de Boskoop
Belle De Boskoop Bogo
Belle De Crollen
Belle De Nordhausen
Belle De Pontoise
Belle Et Bonn
Belle Fille
Belle Fleur De France
Belle Fleur De Krasnyi
Belle Imperial
Belle Norman
Belle Sans Pipin
Bellefleur Rekord
Bellefleur De Brabant Rouge
Bellefleur Kitaika
Bellefleur Rouge
Bellefleur Large Mouche
Bellefleur Double
Bellflower
Bellflower Kitaika
Belmont
Belmont Waxen
Bemali
Ben Davis
Ben Davis Black
Ben Trio
Benedictine
Benham
Beni N o Mai
Beniield
Benitts Roter Flnkenwerde
Benoni
Bentley Sweet
Bently
Benton Red
Benvoulin 101
Benwells Large
Berglander
Beringer
Berkeley Pippin
Berlersch Red
Berner Rosen
Berts Special
Bess Pool
Bessemianka Michurina
Best O Red
Bethel
Betsey
Betsey Deaton
Betsy Russet
Beutlet
Bevins Favorite
Beverly
Beverly Hills
Bietigheimer Red
Big Cheese
Big Flavor
Big Horse
Big John Apple
Big Red
Big Red June
Big Rusty Coat
Bills Red Flesh
Billy Bound
Billy Brown
Billy Sparks Sweet
Binet Blanc Dore
Binet Blanc
Binet Rose
Binet Rouge
Binet Violet
Bingham
Birnapple
Bisbee
Bisbee Giant Winesap
Biscuit Horse
Biscuit Red
Bishops Pippin
Bismarck
Bitter Buckingham
Bitter Queen
Bitterforest Apple
Black Amish
Black Anne
Black Beauty
Black Bud
Black Crofton
Black Evans
Black Gilliflower
Black Jack
Black Oxford
Black Prince
Black Sap
Black Yancey
Blackjon
Blacktwig
Blahova Oranzova Renetor
Blahova Ruzena
Blair
Blairmont
Blanc Dur Orne
Blanc Mollet
Blangsted Cox
Blash Pippin
Blauacher
Blaxtayman
Blaze
Bledsoe 722
Blenheim Orange
Blood Red Crab
Bloodstreak
Bloody Ploughman
Blue Pearmain
Blue Ridge King
Blush Pippin
Blushing Golden
Bob
Bob Long
Bob White Crab
Boche
Bodil Neergard
Boger
Bogus June
Bohanon
Bohn
Bohnapfel
Boiken
Boles
Bolick Seedling
Bongkshu
Bonn
Bonne Hotture
Bonner Early
Bonnie Best
Bonum
Bonza
Booths July Gold
Boringer
Borkh Crab
Borowitski
Borsdorfer
Bortlinger
Boskoop Rouge
Bossom
Botecourt Green
Bottle Greening
Bough Apple
Boughen Delight
Bouquet of Burgundy
Bouteille
Bouteille De Liseux
Boutteville
Bowden Seedling
Bowlingfield Sweet
Brabant Bellefleur
Braddick Nonpareil
Bradfordshire Foundling
Bradleys Beauty
Bradson
Braeburn
Braeburn Red
Bramley
Bramleys Seedling
Bramtot
Branch
Brandy
Brandy Early
Brandywine Crab
Bravo Deesmolte
Brazil
Breakwells Seedling
Breaky
Brettacher
Breugger Reinette
Brew
Brewsters Twig
Brightgold
Brightness
Brimstone
Britegold
Britemac
Brock
Brocks Beauty
Brogan
Brogden
Brookland
Brooks Cope
Brooks Iredeli
Brown Of Wren
Brown Russet
Brown Snout
Brown Sweet
Brown Thorn
Brownlees Russet
Browns Apple
Browns Red Long Keeper
Brunnerling
Brunsapple
Brush College
Brusnichnoe
Brysons Seedling
Buchannon
Buckeye Beauty
Buckingham
Buckley Giant
Bud Special
Buff
Buffalo
Bugaru
Builay
Buile
Bull Face
Bullet
Bullnose
Bullock
Bulmers Norman
Bumble Bee
Bumble Bee Sweet
Buncombe
Bunkam
Burford Red Flesh
Burgundy
Burling Green
Burning Green
Burnside Large Cooker
Burnskln
Burr Knot
Bushy Grove
Butter
Butler
Butter Ball
Butter Queen
Buttermilk
Cagle
Caillouett
Calder Red
Calloway Crab
Calton Sweet
Calva
Calvil Crymsky
Calville Blanc D Hiver
Calville Du Mont d Or
Calville Rouge
Calville Rouge De Autumne
Calville Rouge D Ete
Calvin
Camack Sweet
Cambusnethan Pippin
Cameo
Cameron
Campbell Delicious
Campfield
Camuzat
Canada Red
Canada Reinette
Canadian Strawberry
Canadian Gris
Canavial 14
Candied Apple Weeping Crab
Candy Apple
Candy Stripe
Candy Sweeting
Caney Fork Limbertwig
Canning
Canning Yellow
Cannon Pea main
Cap N Cannons Red June
Cap of Liberty
Cappers Pearmain
Cappy
Captain Davis
Captain Kidd
Caravel
Cardinal Crab
Cardinal Von Galen
Carla
Carlton
Carmelitser Reinette
Carnifex
Carola
Carolina Beauty
Carolina June
Carolina Pippin
Carolina Red June
Carpentier
Carpentin
Carroll
Carroll County Pound
Carters Blue
Carters Surprise
Casa Nova De Ales Baca 9
Cascade Crab
Cascade Portage
Catawaba
Catawaba Beauty
Cathay
Cathead Queen
Catshead
Cauley
Celestia
Celestial
Celler Dickstlel
Cellini
Centennial Crab
Centurion
Century 21
Cestra Belferkitaika
Chalab
Chamberlin
Champagne Reinette
Champlain Nyack
Champoeg Russet
Chance
Chandler
Charden
Charette
Charlaminski
Charlamoff
Charles Ross
Charleston Pippin
Charlotte
Charly Hall 1
Charly Hall 3
Chataignier
Chatham Sweet
Chautauqua
Cheals Golden Gem
Cheals Weeping
Cheddar
Cheddar Cross
Cheese
Cheese Big Flat Yellow
Cheese of Pennsylvania
Chehalis
Cheiftan
Chenango Strawberry
Cherlago
Chernogus
Cherry Cox
Cherry Crab
Cherry Pearmain
Cherryville Black
Chesapeake
Chesney
Chestnut Crab
Cheswell Crab
Chicago
Chieftain
Chimney Apple
Chinese Golden Early

China
Chinook
Chintz
Chipman
Chisel Jersey
Chivers Delight
Cho You
Chocolate Coat
Christmas Delight
Christmas Lady
Christmas Pearmain
Christmas Pink
Chuero Biz Bras
CHuero Ru Bienn
Chulanka
Chussen Rainer
Cider Hybrid
Cider Sweet
Cimitiere
Cinnamon Spice
Circassian
Cises Large Winter
Cissy
Claras Creek Apple
Clark of Kentucky
Clarke
Clarks Orange
Clarks Pearmain
Claudius
Claudius Herbstapfel
Claudius Rosenapfel
Claus Winterprinz
Clavan
Clay Hole
Claygate Pearmain
Clear Gold
Clear Heart
Cleopatra
Clifford redflesh
Clingtight
Clivia
Close
Coast Apple
Coast Hardy
Coat Jersey
Cobles Wilder
Cockle Plppin
Cockpit
Coconut Crunch
Coe
Coes Golden Drop
Coffey Seedling
Coffect Beauty
Coker Seedling
Colby Baldwin
Cole
Coles Quince
Collamer
Collamers 20 OZ
Collenback
Collet
Colley
Collins June
Colonel Vaughan
Colora York
Colozette
Columbia
Columbia Russet
Colvert
Colvis Spice
Commander York
Commercio Collins
Concordia Cider
Connel Red
Conk;e Jonathan
Conrad
Cookes Seedling
Coombs Wealthy
Coon
Coon Creek
Coopers Early White
Coopers Market
Coos Bay
Coos Bay Best
Coos River Beauty
Coppertone
Cordel
Corder
Cornish Aromatic
Cornish Gilliflower
Corse Hill
Cortland
Cortland North Pole
Cortland Red Coat
Cortland Red Spur
Cortland Spur
Cothren
Cotton
Cotton Patch
Cotton Sweet
Council
County Line
Court Of Wick
Court Pendu
Court Pendu De France
Court Pendu Gris
Court Pendu Noir
Court Pendu Plat
Court Pendu Rose
Court Royal
Cove
Cove Large Yellow
Cow
Cow Jersey
Cow Russet
Cow Snout
Cowichan
Cowiche
Cox Kummer
Cox Ley
Cox Orange Pippin
Coyle
Crab C
Cranberry
Cranberry Pippin
Cranberry South
Crandall
Cranzhevoje
Craven Crab
Crawford Seedling
Crawley Beauty
Crawley Relnette
Cream Puff
Creamy Kitaika
Creasy Sweet
Cremiere
Creston
Creswell
Cretesc
Crimson
Crimson Beauty
Crimson Bramley
Crimson Brillant
Crimson Gold
Crimson Jonagold
Crimson King
Crimson Peasgood
Crimson Spire
Crimson Superb
Cripps Pink
Criterion
Critt
Crittenden
Crofton
Crollon
Croncels
Croncels Transparent
Crookston
Crouch
Crow Egg
Crower 30
Crown Jewel
Crown Prince Rudolf
Crymus
Crystal Blush
Cullasaga
Cunningham
Curtis
Curtis Cheese
Custard
Cutleaf Crab
Dab 100
Dabbs Horse
Dabinette
Dad Apple
Daddy
Daddy Rebecca
Dainty
Dakota
Dakota Gold
Damelot
Danny Boy
Dans Apple
Danvers Winter Sweet
DArcy Spice
Darlene Chapman
Darnel
Daux Belan
Davenport Russet
Daves Apple
Daves Neighbor
Daves Old Red
Davey
David
David Crab
David Schectler
Davids Winter
Davidson Sweeting
Davies
Davis Avery
Dawn
Dawn Mac
Dayton
Dazzling Sue
De Estre
De La Bretonme
Deacon Jones
Deaderlelt
Dean Watts Scion
Deane
Dearborn Early
Dearborns Unknown
Decio
Deep Eye
Deep Red
Deer Creek Crab
DeFlanders
Delkers Glorie
Del Cirio
Delawine
Delbard Estivale
Delblush
Delcon
Deli Russet
Delia
Delicious De Voinesti
Delicious Mercer
Delicious Red Original
Delight Abite
Delijon
Delikates
Delistein
Deloris
Demir
Democrat
Denning
Derman Black Stayman
Derman Paragon 336
Derman Stayman
Derman Stayman 633
Derman Winesap 244
Detroit Red
Devine
Devonshire Crimson Queen
Devonshlre Quarrenden
Dexter
Diana
Dice Crab
Diebel
Diehl 1
Diltaya From Gueen
Dip Crossitg
Directeur Lesage
Discovery
Disharoon
Dixie Red Delight
Dixie Sweet
Djulabia
Dobbins Apple
Dobbs Horse
Doc Pippin
Doch
Doch Diany
Doctor
Dr Matthews
Domaine
Donce
Donnton Pippin
Dooleys White Pippin
Dorsell Marcus
Dorsett Golden
Dorsey
Dorthea Crab
Doss Blushing June
Double Bon Pommier
Doucet Rouge
Doux Amr
Doux Normandy
Doux Tardif
Dovell
Downing 1
Downing 2
Downing Tart
Downing Winter Maidenblush
Echtor Prinz
Dr Beach Winter Hanger
Dr Bill
Dr Bushs Sweet
Dr Harvey
Dr Seeling Golden
Drackenstein
Drain Canyon
Drap DOr
Drap DOr Guemene
Drew Brook
Drews
Dubbele Zoete AAGT
Duchess
Duchess Favorite
Duchess of Oldenburg
Ducks Bill
Dudley
Dudleys Winter
Dufflin
Dukat
Duke of Devonshire
Dula Beauty
Dulcet
Dulcina
Dumelows Seedling
Duncan Greening
Dunkerton Late Sweet
Dunlap
Dunning
Dunns Favorite
Dunns Seedling
Durham
Dutch
Dutch Mignonne
Dyer
Dymock Red
Eagle Tree
Earl
Earliest
Earligold
Earlijon
Early Banana
Early Banta
Early Bird Red
Early Cortland
Early Crimson
Early Crimson Laxton
Early Fly
Early Genitan
Early Goodwin
Early Harvest
Early Joe
Early June
Early Mclntosh
Early Melon
Early Pickens
Early Pippin
Early Red
Early Red Delight
Early Red Harvest
Early Red June
Early Red One
Early Redbud
Early Richmond Cherry
Early Ripe
Early Russet
Early Sheepnose
Early Strawberry
Early Sweet
Early Sweetning
Early Thompson
Earlyred Harvest
East Gate Crab
Easter Orange
Eastern Orange
Eastman Crab
Eastman Sweet
Ecklinvllle Seedling
Ecolette
Eddy April
Edelborsdorfer
Edelroter
Edgar
Edith
Edith Smith
Edore
Edwards Winter
Eggleton Styre
Egremont Russet
Egri Piros
Egyptian
Eikhoff
Ein Shemer
Ein Shemer 28
Elah
Eldon Pippin
Elektra
Elisa Rathke
Elita 20 Maiutesti
Elliot
Ellis
Ellis Bitter
Ellisons Orange
Elllsons Orange Red
Ellstrom
Elstar
Elstar Lustre
Emerald Spire
Emilia
Emnith Early
Empire
Empress
Emu
End 922
English Beauty
English Golden Russet
English Redstreak
English Russet
Enigma
Enos
Ensee
Enterprise
Epicure
Erickson
Erl Trio
Ermak
Ernst Borch
Erwin Bauer
Esopus Spitzenburg
Estinale
Ethel Martins Red Stripe
Etters Gold
Eulogy
Eurika
Euzia
Evans Care Free
Eve Apple
Evening Gold
Evereste Crab
Everheart
Exeter
Exeter Cross
Eynsham Challenger
Eynsham Dumpling
F McFarland Red Apple
Fall
Fall Harvey
Fall Orange
Fall Pippin
Fall Premium
Fall Queen
Fall Red
Fall Rose
Fall Russet
Fall Sweet
Fall Wine
Fallawater
Tulpehoken aka Fallawater
Snow aka Fameuse
Fameuse
Fancy Prairie
Fanny
Fantazja
Farmer Spy
Farmers Early Sweet
Father Abraham
Faust Winter
Fawn River Sweet
Fayette
Fearns Ave Pippin
Fence Row
Fennouillet Rose
Fenouillet de Ribours
Fenouillet Rouge
Fenoulllet Gris
Fenton
Ferina Pippin
Fernand Cognet
Feuillard
Feys Record
Field Apple
Field Spy
Fiesta
Fillbarrel
Finkenwerder Herbstprinz
Finsons Orange
Firecracker CHM
Fireside
Firmgold
Fisell Golden
Flame
Flat
Flat Apple
Flat Fall Cheese
Flat Fallwater
Flat Top
Flavour Gold
Fleming
Fletcher Sweet
Florence
Florina
Flower of Kent
Floyd Richmond
Forest King
Forest Streaked
Forest Winter
Forge
Fort Elkton
Fort Umpqua
Fort Vancouver
Forts Prize
Fortune
Forty Shillings
Forward
Forward Sour
Forward Streak
Fountain Pippin
Foust
Fox
Fox Hill
Foxwhelp
Fraas Zomercalville
Franc Roseau
Franklin
Frauen Rotacher
Frazier Yellow
Freadman Henery
Freds Redflesh
Freedom
Freeman Hybred redflesh
Freiherr Von Berlepsch
French Crab
French Pippin
French Reinette
Frequin
Frequin Audievre
Frequin Lacaille
Frequin Rouge
Frequin Tardlve De La Sarthe
Fresh Candy
Frettingham Victoria
Freyburg
Friandise
Frogmore
Fromms Reinette
Fromos De Voinesta
Frostproof
Fuero Rous
Fugate
Fuji
Fuji Spur
Fuji Red
Fukunishiki
Fukutami
Fushui
Fyan
Fyriki
GDWFI
GMAL 1389
Gable
Gaffin
Gala
Gala Big Red
Gala Grand
Gala Imperial
Gala Red
Gala Royal
Gala Spur
Gala Supreme
Galaxy
Gale Spur Red
Gales
Galicia
Gallen
Gallia Beauty
Gano
Garden Fortune CHM
Garden
Garden Green
Garden Royal
Garden Sweet
Gardner Kansas Apple
Garland
Garnet
Garrison
Garry
Gary Watters Golden
Gascoynes Scarlet
Gaver Jubilant
Geeveston
Geeveston Fanny
Geheimrath Breuhahan
Generos
Genet Moyle
Geneva
Geneva Black
Geneva Crab
Geneva Early
Geneva Ontario
Genesls
Gentry Stripe
Genvina
Geoagio
George Botner
George Carpenter
George Cave
George Dean Old Green
George Nelson
George Stone
George Webster
Gernes Red Acre
Gewurzluiken
Geyser Rose
Giant Crab
Giant Russian Crab
Giant Winesap
Gibbs Golden Gage
Gideon
Gideor
Gideon Sweet
Gilbert Gold apple
Gilliflower
Gilliflower of Gloucester
Gilpin
Ginger Gold
Gladstone
Glanz Reinette
Glass Apple
Glass King
Glass Late Red
Glenora
Glenorchie
Glenton
Gllpin
Glockenapfel
Gloria Mundi
Gloria Von Holland
Glorious Red Wood
Glory of Boskoop
Gloster
Gloster 69
Gloster Greening
Glow Crab
Glowing Coal
Glowing Heart
Goal
Goharaman
Golan
Gold Blush
Gold Boy Giant
Gold Canel
Gold Egg
Goldjon
Gold Medal
Gold Spur
Golden
Golden 42
Golden Ball
Golden Banana
Golden Bittersweet
Golden Cedar Apple
Golden Delicious Yakamaspur
Golden Delicious
Golden Delicious Smoothie
Golden Delicious Improved
Golden Early
Golden Fortune
Golden Gem
Golden Glo
Golden Glory
Golden Harvest
Golden Harvey
Golden Hornet
Golden Improved
Golden Jorden
Golden Mellon
Golden Noble
Golden Nugget
Golden Pearmain
Golden Pippin
Golden Precoce
Golden Reinette
Golden Russet
Golden Spice
Golden Spires Crab
Golden Square
Golden Sunset
Golden Supreme
Golden Sweet
Golden Uralian
Golden Winesap
Goldfinch Crab
Goldreinette
Goldrush
Goldsmith
Good
Good Green
Goodland apple
Goof
Goolsby Cider
Goose Apple
Goose Pasture
Gordon Larson
Goude Reinette
Gouldburg
Gragg
Graham
Grand Duke Constantine
Grand Mother Cheese
Grand Pap
Grandaddy
Grandma
Grandma Greuels Crabapple
Grandpa
Grandpa Cider
Granerly
Granges Pearmain
Granite Beauty
Granite Belt 63 43
Graniwinkle
Granny
Granny Goldsmith
Granny Layne
Granny Mac
Granny Morgan
Granny Neighbors
Granny Rogers
Granny Shan
Granny Smith
Granny Smith Red
Granspur
Grapefruit
Granny Barns
Grave
Gravenstein
Gravenstein Black
Gravenstein Blood Red
Gravenstein Candy Stripe
Gravenstein October
Gravenstein Red
Gravenstein Rosebrook
Gravenstein Schwarts
Gravenstein Sheets
Gravenstein Solid Red
Gravenstein Striped
Gravenstein Washington
Gravenstein Washington Red
Gravenstein Winter
Gravenstein Worthen
Gray Pearmain
Gray Pippin
Greasy Coat
Greasy Pippin
Greasy Skin
Greasy Sweet
Great Unknown
Green Bellflower
Green Brown Keeper
Green Buckingham
Green Cheese
Green Chisel
Green Harvey
Green Keeper
Green Lane
Green Newtown Pippin
Green Peak Spy 1
Green Pearmain
Green Pippin
Green River
Green Russet
Green Sheepnose
Green Skin Pippin
Green Skin Sweet
Green Sweet
Green Witch
Greendale
Greenmeadows Coxs Orange 1163
Greenpeak Spy 1
Greensleeves
Greenville
Grenadier
Grenandine
Grickson
Griffith
Griifith Gold
Grimes Golden
Grimes Late
Gris Pontoise
Grise Dieppois
Grissom
Grissom Golden Pippin
Groniger Kroen
Gros Api
Gros Bois
Gros Frequin
Gross Richard
Grosse Launette
Grosse Mouche
Grots Liebling
Grove
Grufrf
Gruzhovka of Moscow
Guldborg
Gypsy Gold
Haas
Hackworth
Hadlock Reinette
Hahns Seedling
Haines
Halberstadte Jungefernapfel
Half Acre
Hall
Hall Keeper
Halloween
Halls
Halls Pink
Hamalton
Hambledon Deux Ans
Hampshire apple
Haney
Hanlen
Hanna
Hanners
Hanners Hybred Giant
Hanns Seedling
Hans Trio
Hansens 2
Hansons Red Flesh
Haralred
Haralson
Harcourt
Harding
Hardy Cumberland
Hargraves Greensweet
Harlamowsky
Harolds Large
Harris
Harrison
Harry Masters Jersey
Hartwell Soaring
Harvest Gold
Harvester
Harvey
Hatsuald
Hauer Pippin
Haun
Hauxapfel
Hawaii
Hawkeye Delicious
Hawkeye Greening
Hawley
Hayes Green
Hayes Orange
Hayherst Gold
Haynes
Haywood June
Hazen
Hedwigiae Red Wood
Hehnsley Market Apple
Heimenhofer
Helios
Helya
Hendrick Sweet
Henery
Henning
Henrietta Crosby
Henry Clay
Henry Mortons Banana
Henrys Golden Keeper
Herdfordshire
Hereford Redstreak
Herefordshire Russet apple
Herefordshire Beefing
Herma
Hermann
Hermansky
Herrings Pippin
Hewes
Hews Crab
Heyer 12
Heyer 2
Heyer 20
Heyer 6
Hibernal
Hicks
Hidden Rose
Higdon
High Yellow
Hightop
Hightop Sweet
Hillside
Himbeerapfel Aus Holowaus
Himekami
Hillieri Crab
Hoary Morning
Hooples Antique Gold
Hog Pen
Hog Sweet
Hokuto
Hokutu
Holaart Doux
Holiday
Holland
Holland Winter
Hollander Prinz
Hollow Log
Hollow Stem
Holly
Holstein
Home Sweet
Homer Wards China Doll
Hornsby
Honey Ball
Honey Child
Honey Cider
Honey Sweet aka Honey Cider
Honey Gold North Pole
Honeycomb Sweet
Honeycrisp
Honeygold
Honora
Hoover
Hopa Crab
Horneburger Pfannkuchen
Horse
Horse Shoe
Hosei
Hotle Rome
House
Howard
Howard Surprise
Howgate Wonder
Hua Guan
Huashuai
Hubbard Pearmaln
Hubbardston Nonesuch
Huckleberry
Hudsons Golden Gem
Hue Guan
Huidohro
Humboldt Crab
Hume
Hundred Dollar
Hunge
Hunt Russet
Hunter Ottawa
Huntsman
Hurlbut
Husk Spice
Husk Sweet
Huvitus
Hyde King
Hybred Aus Mlevewo
Hyslop Crab
I C Tolman
Ice
Ice Cream
Idagold
Idajon
Idamac
Idared
Imperial
Imperial Battleford
Imperial Red
Imperial Stayman
Improved Bevan
Improved Dove
Improved Foxwhelp
Improved Lambrook Pippin
Improved Winesap
Improved Winterjon
Inanoaklin Sweet
Incarnation
Indian Magic Crab
Indian Summer
Ingers
Ingol
Ingram
Ingrid Marie
Iowa Beauty
Iowa Blush
Irish Peach
Iron Black
Island Dream
Isle of Wight Pippin
Itzstedster Apfel
Iunost
Iva Crab
Ivan
Ivette
Ivorys Double Vigour
J Doolings Bonsai
J J Big Leaf Yellow
Jack
Jack King
Jacks Large Russet
Jacks Long Keeper
Jacks Red Gloss
Jackson
Jacobs English Codlin
Jacobs Sweet
Jadernicka
Jaeghers Reinette
Jakes Seedling
Jakob Fischer
Jameroli
Jamba
James Grieve
James Kirk
James Red
Jan Steen
Janet Moyle
Jarrett
Jaune Lu Desert
Jay Darling
J C Plum
Jean
Jefferis
Jelly Flower
Jenner Sweet
Jennifer
Jenny Beauty
Jersey Black
Jersey Red
Jersey Sweet
Jerseymac
Jesse Applegate
Jesse Hall
Jester
Jewel
Jewel Duchess
Jewets Red
Nodhead aka Jewetts Red
Jim Dandy
Jim Kell Thin Skin
Jin Guang
Joan
Joe Omalley Gold
Joe Omalley Green
Johannes Bottner
John Apple
John Conner
John Long
John Ryan
John Standish
John Wallace
Johnny Appleseed
Johnny Cheese
Johnny Nocore
Johnson Keeper
Johnsons Fine Winter Neverfail
Jonadel
Jonafree
Jonagold
Jonagold Daliguy
Jonagold Nicobel
Jonagold Red
Jonagold Rubinstar
Jonagold Wilmuta
Jonagram
Jonagrimes
Jonah
Jonalicious
Jonamac
Jonared
Jonathan
Jonathan Disease Resistant
Jonathan Smith
Jonathan Black
Jonathan Double Red
Jonathan King Red
Jonathan Nured
Jonathan Welday
Jones Favorite
Jono
Jonwin
Jordan Russet
Jorgenson Pippin
Joseph
Josephine
Josh
Jouveaux
Joybells
Joyce
Joys
Joys Delight
Jubilee
Judy
Juicy June Sweet
Juicy Queen
July
July August Go No Further
July Delicious
July Red apple
July Tart
Julyred
Jumbo
Jumbo Yellow Delicious
Junaluska
June Park
June Pink
June Red
June Stripe
June Sweeting
June Wealthy
Jungs Golden Russet
Jupiter
J W Day
Kaiser Wilhelm
Kakama River Red
Kalamis
Kalco
Kamenichka
Kamsomolez
Kandil Kitaika
Kandil Sinap
Kane
Kanipe RedFlesh
Kanorkawa
Kansas Black
Kansas K14
Kanzi apple
Karamine
Karastojanka
Kardinal Bea
Karel
Karin Schneider
Karmijn de Sonnaville
Karobovka Polosatoje
Karski Reinette
Kasslers Reinette
Katanosachl
Katherine
Katja
Katte Cop
Katy apple
Kavanagh
Kavlas
Keegans Crab
Keener Seedling
Keepsake
Keller Weech
Kellog Grange Winesap
Kelly 1
Kelly 3
Kelly Red Crab
Kellys Jumbo
Kellys Seedling
Kellys White Crab
Kelsey Crab
Kemp
Kendall
Kennedy Pear Shaped
Kensel
Kent
Kentish Fillbasket
Kerr
Kerr Red
Kerrys Irish Pippin
Kestrel
Keswick Codlin
Keukelaar Greening
Kevleman
Keystone Red
Khmhabi
Kidds Orange Red
Kile
Kim
Kimrome
King Charles Pearmain
King Cole
King Cox
King David
King Edward VII
King Harry
King Lammer
King Lusious
King of Pippin
King Pippin
King Red Jonathon
King Solomon
Kingion
Kings Acre
Kings Acre Bountiful
Kingsmere Crab
Kingston Black
Kinnards Choice
Kins
Kinsei
Kirks Seedling
Kiser Wilhelm
Kismards Choice
Kitaika Saninsltaia
Kitaika Zolataia
Kitalka Zolotaia Rannlaia
Kitanosachi
Kitchen
Kitotko
Kizll Alma
Kludzhinka
Knobb
Knobbed Russet
Knottey Pea
Kobenma
Kogetsu
Kokko
Kokko Strain 2
Kola
Koldu Renett
Komlensk
Koningszuur
Kooms Wealthy
Kootenay River Pearmaln
Kootenay River Red
Kootesaho
Korallo
Korea Wild Crab Apple
Korichnoe Polo Satoue
Korobovka
Kosmonaut
Kotoku
Kouleman
Krapchatoe
Krasnoyak
Krasnozirninaja
Krievu Rosmarins
Kuldzhinka Kpupnoplod
Kulon Kitaika
Kulundinskoe
Kummer Cox
Kuotesaho
Kurosch Sibirica x Bellfleur
Kyokko
Kyzildja
La Fame
La Pal
La Salle
Laxtons Reward
Lackey
Ladonium
Lady
Lady Blush
Lady Eve
Lady Finger
Lady Finger of Offaly
Lady Henniker
Lady Skin
Lady Sudeley
Lady Sweet
Lady Washington
Lady Williams
Lady Finger of Lancaster
Ladys Sweeting
Lakeland
Laking
Lamb Abby Pearmain
Lambert Colville
Lambert Krymsk 5
Lambrook Pippin
Lancashire Pippin
Lande
Landsberger Reinette
Lanes Prince Albert
Langdon
Lange Bellefleur
Langford
Langley Pippin
Langworthy
Lank
Late Queen
Large Fruited Crab
Large Yellow Siberian
Larrys Pride
Laxtons Superb
Late Harrison
Late Strawberry
Late Transparent
Laungette
Laura
Laura Ellis
Laura Red
Lawsons Codllng
Lawsons Seedling
Lawver
Laxtons Epicure
Laxtons Fortune
Laxtons Herold
Laxtons Leader
Laxtons Pioneer
Laxtons Royalty
Le Bret
Leafland Greening
Leathercoat Russet
Ledford
Lee 16
Lee 21
Legace
Lehigh Greening
Lemans Large
Lemoen
Lemon Pippin
Lemon Roy
Lemon Twig
Lena
Lennoxville
Leola
Leonard Transparent
Leonldis
Leslie
Leuchapfel
Lewis Green
Lewis Incomparable
Leyda
Liaofu
Libee 1
Liberty
Liddy
Liebe
Liestnaya Anoinoflku
Limbertwig
Limbertwig Black
Limbertwig Alberta
Limbertwig American
Limbertwig Ashford
Limbertwig Brushy Mt
Limbertwig Caney
Limbertwig Carolina
Limbertwig Fall
Limbertwig Green
Limbertwig Hanging Dog
Limbertwig Kentucky
Limbertwig Little
Limbertwig Mountain
Limbertwig Myers Green
Limbertwig Nanthailia Red
Limbertwig Red
Limbertwig Royal Red
Limbertwig Ruby
Limbertwig Rusty Coat
Limbertwig Seedling
Limbertwig Slattons
Limbertwig Summer Yellow
Limbertwig Sweet
Limbertwig Swiss
Limbertwig Victoria Sweet
Limbertwig Virginia
Limbertwig Watts
Limbertwig White
Limbertwig Yellow
Lina
Lincoln
Lincolnville Russet
Linda
Linda Sweet
Lindsay Russet
Linton
Little Benny
Little Rose Blush
Livadlyskoye
Liveland Strawberry
Livl Shampan
Ljaljce
Llndel
Llnoa
Lloyds Russet Seedling
Lobo
Lodi
Lodi spur type
Lombarts Calvllle
London Pippin
Long Green
Long One
Long Reinette
Long Stem
Longfield
Longney Russet
Lonnies Big Red
Lonnies Summer Giant
Loop Giant Spy
Loop Red Spy
Loop Russet Baldwin
Lord Burghley
Lord Derby
Lord Hind
Lord Lambourne
Lord Lennox
Lord Seedling
Lord Stradbroke
Lord Suffield
Lord Wolsiey
Loriglo
Lorna Doone
Louise Bonne De Jersey
Lovell
Lowell
Lowland Raspberry
Lowry
Loyalist
Lualuce
Lubee 1
Lubsk Queen
Lucombes Pine
Lugar Red
Luicy
Luke
Lurared
Lutes Great Keeper
Luxembourg
Lyle Bonner
Lyman Prolific
Lymans Large summer
Lynchs Pear Apple
Lynchs Strawberry
Lynchs Sugar Apple
Lyon
Lyscom
Lysgolden
Mabbots Pearmain
Mabel Kagel
Mac Wild Spur
Macfree
Macleod
Macoun
Macspur
Madeleine
Madina
Madison Mammoth
Madona crab
Madresfield Court
Magna Bonum
Magnolia
Magnolia Gold
Magnum Bonum
Magog Redstreak
Maharaji
Mahogany
Mai
Maid of Kent
Maiden Blush
Maigold
Mailbox
Majo
Major
Major C
Major Crunch
Make
Malabois
Malinda Crab
Malt Bagevskli
Maltster
Mammoth Black Twig
Mammoth Crab
Mammy
Manch Rouge
Manchurian Crab
Manito
Manitoba
Manitoba Spy
Manks Codlin
Mann
Mannington Pearmain
Manolta
Mantet
Mantuanskoye
Marachal
Marble
March 1
Margaret
Margil
Mariborka
Marie Joseph DOthee
Marie Menard
Marin Onfroy
Marks Sweet
Marlin Stephens
Marlyns Delight
Marquesa
Marriage Maker
Martha
Martha x Dolgo Crab
Martians Crab
Maruba
Mary Potter Crab
Mary Reid
Maryland
Matais
Mattamusket
Matthews
Maude
Maude Hyatt Seedling
Maunerbe
Maunzenapfel
Mausbys Fine Winter
Max Trio
May
May of Virginia
May Queen
Maybride
Mays Apple
MC Nicholas Greening
McClean
McClintock Grimes
McCoy Red Winter
McCuller
McDonald Crab
McGhees Seedling
Mcintosh
McIntosh Boiler
Mcintosh Compact
McIntosh Disease Resistant
McIntosh Improved
McIntosh spur type
McIntosh Marshall
McIntosh Kimball
McLeary
McLellan
McLemore
Mclntosh Cornwall
Mclntosh Kimball
Mclntosh Marshall
Mclntosh Rogers Red
Mclntosh Summerland Red
McMahon
McMahone White
McNicholas Greening
McCleay
Medaille dOr
Medina
Medusa
Meglomer
Megumi
Mela Carla
Melanie
Melanie Golden White
Melba
Meldrum
McLemore
Mollie
Melon
Melred
Melrose
Melrose Spur
Melrouge
Mendocino
Mere De Menage
Merit
Merton Ace
Merton Beauty
Merton Charm apple
Merton Delight
Merton Joy
Merton Knave
Merton Pearmain
Merton Pippin
Merton Prolific
Merton Russet
Merton Worcester
Messire Jacques
Metais
Miami
Michael Henry Pippin
Michaelmas Red
Michelin
Michinoke
Michurins Bessiemianka
Michurins Seedless
Middletown Fameuse
Midget Crab
Midland Weeping Crab
Mikes Greening
Milam
Milden
Mildew Immune Seedling
Milley
Milim
Mill Creek
Mill End
Mill Rose
Miller Creek Pound
Miller Sour
Millers Seedling
Millicent Barnes
Milo Gibson
Milton
Milwaukee
Ming Shing
Mingan
Minister Von Hammerstein
Minjon
Minkler
Minnehaha
Minnesota 1734
Minnesota 447
Mio
Miron Sacharanij
Mironchik
Mislimka
Mississippi Pippen
Missouri Pippin
Mitchell
Mitchell Sweet
Mitchurins Samenloser
Mleevskaya Crasavitsa
Mobbs Royal
Moira
Moiron Sacharaniv
Mollies Delicious
Moms Red
Monarch
Monark
Monger Jewel
Mongolian
Monmouth Beauty
Monmouth Pippin
Monroe
Monroe Sweet
Montana Red
Montgomery
Montreal Peach
Moonlight
Moores Sweet
Morden 358
Morden 359
Morden 360
Morden 363
Morden 370
Morden Ruby
Morgan
Morgan Duft
Morgan Sweet
Morgans Christmas
Morgenduflapfel
Morning Star
Morrison Yellow
Moscow Pear
Moses Wood
Mostrom Pippin
Mother
Mother Bud
Mott Pink
Mott Sweet
Mottais
Mount Slckler White
Mountain aka Mountain Belle
Mountain Boomer
Mountain Dale
Mountain Red Coat
Mountain Rose
Mountaineer
Moyers Prize
Moyers Spice
Mr Homer
Mr Prothero
Mrs Bryan
Mrs Carter
Mrs Francis
Mrs Phillmore
Mrs Wards Early
Mucini
Mule Apple
Multnomah
Munson Sweet
Murasaki
Murray
Muscadet De Bernay
Muscadet De Dieppe
Muscadet De Lense
Muscadet Livce
Muskmellon
Muskmellon Sweet
Muster
Mutsu
Mutton
My Jewel
Myers Red Duck
Myra Red Fuji
Mystery
N W 1
Nagano
Namac
Nanny
Nanot
Nantz
Napoleon
Naraganset
Narjadnoye Crysmskoye
Naskushu
Native American Crab
Navarre
Nebuta
Nectarapple apple
Nehou
Nellie Mae Jackson
Nellie May
Nesqually Seedling
Nevefall
Neverblight
Nevis
New Bedford
New Brunswicker
New Gold
New Idared
Newells Large Winter
Newells Orange
Newfane
Newt Grindle
Newton Wonder
Newtosh
Newtown Green
Newtown Pippin
Newtown Spitzemburg
Niagara
Niagara apple
Nice
Nichole
Nickajack
Nicks Best Pinkmeat
Nicust
Niedzwetzkyana Crab
Night dropper
Niibta
Nine Square
Niplssing
Nitsclmers Erdbeerapfel
Nittany
No Bloom
No Blow
Noble Gold
Nodhead
Noel
Noel Dischamp
Nonpareill
Noran
Norcue
Norda
Norenburg Redfall
Noret
Norfolk Beauty
Norfolk Beefing
Norfolk Royal
Norhey
Norkent
Norland
Norlove
Norson
North Carolina Beauty
North Carolina Keeper
North Carolina Pearapple
North County Line
North Pole McIntosh
North Pole Wolf River
Northern Greening
Northern June
Northern Lights
Northern Spy
Northern Spy Early
Northern Spy Red
Northern Sweet
Northfield
Northfleld Beauty
Northland
Northstar King
Northwest Greening
Northwood
Nortons Melon
Notaire
Notley P
Nova
Nova Cortland
Nova Easygro
Nova Red Cortland
Nova Scotia Homestead
Novamac
Novaspy
November Peach
Novinka
Novosibirski Sweet
Nubeena
Nugget
Nursery
Nursham
Nutmeg
Nutmeg Pippin
Nutting Bumpus
Oaken Pin
Oat
Oberly
Obiklnoye
Ode
Odin
Oekonomierat Echter Meyer
Oetwiler Reinette
Ogden
Ohio Nonparell
Ohio Pippin
Ohio Sweet
Ohlson
Okabena
Okanagan
Okanagan Jesuit Mission
Old Cider
Old English Millim
Old Esquimali Road
Old Grandad
Old Homestead
Old Horse
Old Liberty
Old Log Cabin
Old Man
Old Nonesuch
Old Pearmah
Old Timey Winesap
Old Tyme Pippin
Old Virginia Spice
Oldenburg
Oley Olson
Olinger Raspberry
Olinger Red
Oliver
Oljanisceva
Olympia
Ontario
Ontario Russet
Ooten
Opalescent
Ophir
Oporto
Orange
Orange Sweet
Orangeapfel
Oratia Beauty
Oregon City
Oregon Spur Delicious
Orei
Oreint Beauty
Orenco
Orin
Orin Jumbo
Oriole
Orleans
Orleans Reinette
Ortley
Osbo
Osheas Red Discovery
Oslin
Osman Crab
Oswego
Ottawa
Otterson
Ottowa 546
Oval Crab
Owen Cobb
Owen Mullens Early Red
Owen Mullins
Owen Mullins Red
Owl Medow
Ozark Gold
Ozark Pippin
Pacific Pride
Paciilc Gold
Padleys Pippin
Paduckah
Paides Winter Apple
Paides Ziemas Abols
Palmer Greening
Palouse
Palsnetta Apple
Pampbellos Reinette
Papierowka Polska
Papirovka
Paradis Do Vayre
Paradise Sweet
Paradise Winter Sweet
Paradisiaca Atro Sanguinea
Paradiso
Paragon
Parantene
Paraquet
Park
Parkdale Beauty
Parkland
Parkman
Parks Pippin
Parmentier
Parnser
Parson Pat
Partner
Party Doll
Pasha Gmasha
Pashalnaya
Pastel
Patomae
Patricia
Patrick Red
Patten Green
Patterson
Patton
Patul
Paulared
Paulista 1
Paw
Pawpaw Sweet
Payne
Peace Garden
Peace Maker
Pearl
Pearmain
Pearmain Sugar Grove
Peasgood Nonsuch
Peau Dane
Peau De Vinche
Peche Melba
Pecks Pleasant
Pederstrup
Peek
Pegray Doyen
Penoregon
Pepin Chernenko
Pepin Shafrannyl
Pepinka Lltowska
Percherons Precious
Perrine Yellow Transparent
Perry Russet
Persflcinis
Pervenee Samarkanda
Peters
Pethyre
Petite Jewel
Petrel
Pettingill
Peumainen Kanel
Pewaukee
Peypring Ceriucko
Pfrbichroter Sommeerapfel
Phocian Mystique
Pickering
Pickett
Pievomaiskoie
Pig Pen 9
Pigeonette
Pigeonette De Roen
Pigeonnet Blane
Pigs Nose Pippin
Pigsboon
Pike
Piker Yellow
Pilot
Pilot German
Pine Golden Pippin
Pine Mountain
Pineapple
Pineapple Quince
Pineapple Salad
Pink
Pink Beauty Crab
Pink Blush
Pink Delight
Pink Early
Pink Excell
Pink Lady Janson
Pink Old Lady
Pink Parfait
Pink Pearl
Pink Pearmain
Pink Princess apple
Pink Satin
Pink Sparkle
Pink Sugar
Pink Sweet
Pink Wood
Pinkerton
Pinkie Crab
Pinks
Pinova
Pioneer Jewel
Pioneer Scarlet (RW)
Pionerotcha
Pionier
Piotash Crab
Pipin Chernenko
Pipin Lltovskit
Pippin aka Candle
Pippin Chesnevko
Pippin Katrina
Pippin Safranji
Pirja
Pitmaston Pineapple
Pitmaston Russet Nonpsreil
Pittsburg
Pixie
Pixie Crunch
Pixie apple
Plate
Plateau Road Tallman
Plgeonnet Rouge
Plpinka Litovska
Plum Cider
Pocltsarnaa Winter Apple
Pocomoke
Pohorlta
Pokey Seedling
Polk Seedling
Polly Eades
Polly Sweet
Pomegranite
Pomeroy of Herefordshire
Pomeroy of Sumerset
Pomm Grise
Pomme Cloche
Pomme dOr
Pomme Framboise
Pomme Gris
Pomme Poire
Pomme Raisin
Pomme Rose
Pomme Thoury
Pommer Lorch
Pommier Ilorca
Pond Celler
Poor Mans Profit
Poppys Wonder
Pops Delicious
Porter
Porters Perfection
Post
Potato
Potomac
Potter
Potter Cox
Potts Seedling
Pound Apple
Pound Longshore
Pound of Carrol County
Pound of Roan Mt
Pound of Sally Branch
Pound Pippin
Pound Royal
Pound Russet
Pound Sweet
Pound Sweet Pineapple Sport
Powder Spring June
Powells Russet
Praire Magic
Prairie Fire Crab
Prairie Gold
Prairie Rose
Prairie Spy
President Discouers Deasacres
Priam 6
Priddy 106
Priddy 114
Priddys Pride
Priddys Prize
Priestly
Prilnak Late Red
Prima
Primate
Prime Gold Van Well
Prime Red
Primrouge
Primus
Prince Charming
Prince George
Prince Nicolas
Princess Louise
Princess Noble
Priols Delicious
Priors Red
Priscilla
Pristine
Prof Grebnlcka Renete
Professor Spenger
Profit
Progressive
Prussian Colvert
Puff
Pumahen Kaneli
Pumpkin
Pumpkin Cider
Pumpkin Russet
Pumpkin Sweet
Purdue 2
Pure Gold
Puritan
Purple Cousinot
Purple Siberian Crab
Purple Wave
Purpurroter Cousinot
Quastresse
Quatres
Quebec Belle
Quebec Sweet
Queen
Queen Cox
Queen Cox apple
Queen of the South
Queen Striped
Quette Ambri Pakistan
Quillams
Quillams Large Red
Quindell
Quing Guan
Quinte
Rabbit
Rabbit Sweet
Rabnn Baid
Rabun
Radical
Radoux
Rahler
Raigan
Railroad
Rainbow
Rajka
Raleigh
Ralls Janet
Ralph Shay Crab
Ralphs Red
Rambo
Rambo Red
Rambo Red Summer
Rambo Striped
Rambo Summer
Rambo Winter
Rambour Franc
Rambourg D Automme
Rambourg Mortier
Ramsdell Sweet
Ranger
Rank Thorn
Raritan
Raspberry
Rater Eiserapfel
Rattle Core
Raven
Rawley
Ray
Razor Golden Delicious
Razor Ridge Green
Razor Russet
Reasor Green
Rebel
Red Apple
Red Apple 1 Four Corners
Red Astrachan apple
Red Balsam
Red Baron
Red Bellflower
Red Ben Davis
Red Berlepsch apple
Red Bietigheimer apple
Red Bill
Red Bird
Red Blaze
Red Bob
Red Bone
Red Boskoop
Red Brandy
Red Burlepsch
Red Butterscotch
Red Canel
Red Cathead
Red Cheese
Red Chief
Red Cinnamon
Red Coat McIntosh
Red Cortland
Red Crab
Red Devil apple
Red Dijmanszoet
Red Dougherty
Red Early Harvest
Red Early June
Red Esther
Red Flesh
Red Flesh 1
Red Giant Cider Crab
Red Heart
Red Herbst Calville
Red Hook
Red Horse
Red Indian Sweet
Red Ingestrie
Red Jacket
Red James
Red Jersey
Red Jewel
Red Joaneting
Red Jordan
Red June
Red King
Red Leaf
Red Leaf Ornamental Crab
Red Max Mclntosh
Red May
Red Moreila
Red Paduckah
Red Pippin
Red Potts
Red Prairie Spy
Red Prince apple
Red Queen
Red Ralls
Red Rebel
Red Reese
Red Regent
Red Rome apple
Red Russet
Red Rusty
Red Saint Lawrence
Red Sauce
Red Scarlet
Red Sheepnose
Red Sheriff
Red Siberian
Red Sleeves
Red Sparkle aka Morden 370
Red Splendor
Red Spy
Red Start
Red Streak
Red Sweet
Red Tip
Red Torque
Red Transparent
Red Vein Crab
Red Wine
Red Winter Jon
Red Winter Pearmain
Red Yorking
Redant
Redfield
Redford redflesh
Redfree
Redwell
Regent
Rehakls Inge
Reinette Clochard
Reinette Grise Parmentier
Reids Seedling
Reine De Reinettes
Reine Des Hatives
Reine Des Pommes
Reine Des Reinettes
Reinette Simlrenko
Reinette D Anjou
Reinette D Escatlre
Reinette DArmorique
Reinette De France
Reinette DeBretagne
Reinette Des Cusy
Reinette Des Geer
Reinette Des Mana
Reinette Des Pommes
Reinette Do Chenee
Reinette du Canada apple
Reinette Du Mans
Reinette Etoilee
Reinette Franche
Reinette Fugulan
Reinette Grise
Reinette Grise Ausseur
Reinette Grise De Portugal
Reinette Grise Du Canada
Reinette Grise Santoigne
Reinette Jamin
Reinette Jaune De Butzel
Reinette Jeghers
Reinette Marbree
Reinette Montfort
Reinette Ontz
Reinette Simarenko
Reinette Thouin
Reinette Tres Tardiv
Reinette Van Eisenstein
Reinette Von Zorgvllet
Reins Reinette
Relnette Do Caravia
Relnette Rouge Etoilee
Remo
Renatta Dorata
Renetka Crab
Rene Martin
Renet Bergamofnyi
Reneta Woskowa
Renown
Repinaldo Du Liebana
Republican
Rescue Crab
Remo
Retured
Reveles Bumbierabols
Reverend Morgan
Reverend W Willks
Revival
Rexrode Beauty
Rezista Resi
Rhoda
Rhode Island Greening
Ribston Pippin
Ribston Spiaenburg
Richards Graft
Richardson
Richared Delicious
Richelieu
Ricks Large White
Ring Jaw
Ringstad
Rivers Early Peach
Rivers Nonsuch
Rlbston Pippin
Rlbston Red
Roanoke
Robert
Robin
Robinson Crab
Robys July
Rock
Rocket Red Braeburn apple
Roda Mantet
Rockingham Red
Rolfe
Roman Stem
Rome
Rome Beauty
Rome Beauty Spur
Rome Spice
Ronalds Gooseberry Pippin
Rosdale
Rose Bud
Rose De Benauge
Rosemary Russet
Rosey Glow
Roseybrook
Ross Nonpariel
Rossoshanskoje Polosatoje
Rosu De Cluj
Roter Eisen
Roter Stettiner
Rott Jarnpple
Rouge Belle De Boskoop
Rougemont
Roumyana
Round Tree Sweet
Rousse Latour
Rouviile
Rowan Beauty
Roxbury Russet
Roy Vandenburg
Royal Jersey
Royal Jubilee
Royal Leathercoat Russet
Royal Wilding
Royale De Angleterre
Royalty Crab
Rozmaray
Rozovoe
Rozovoye Prlewoskhodneye
Ruben
Ruberima
Rubez Beauty
Rubin Queen
Rubinette
Ruby
Rubyiat
Rudens Suitrotais
Rudolph Crab
Rugbra Precoce Breviglleri
Ruhm Aus Kirchwarder
Rumfo Unknown
Runkel apple
Runnels Yellow
Rural Russet
Ruslin
Russels Russet
Russet King
Russet King Yellow
Russet Red
Russet Sour
Russet Sweet
Russian Spy
Russian Transparent
Russosshansoje Polos
Rusty Coat
Rusty Coat Sour
Rusty Coat Sweet
Rusty Pippin
Rusty Sweet
Rusty Sweet Large
Saarlandor Mostapfel
Safstaholm
Saint Edmunds Pippin
Saivanskalya
Salem Cider
Sally Apple
Sally Gray
Salome
Saltcote Pippin
Salute
Sam Young
Samo
Sampion
San Jacinto
San Juan
Sandal
Sandling
Sandringham
Sansa
Santana apple
Saorit
Saratoga
Sarry Sinap
Sasha
Sauer Grauich
Sauvignac
Sayaka
Scarlet
Scarlet Beauty
Scarlet Crofton
Scarlet Nonpareil
Scarlet Ohara
Scarlet Pearmain S T P
Scarlet Pimpernel
Scarlet Pippin
Scarlet Surprise
Schaufnasen
Scheil
Schmidtberger
Schmidtberger Reinette apple
Schneiderapfel
Schoharie Spy
Schone Aus Herenhut
Schoner Aus Itzstedt
Schoner Aus Miltenberg
Schoolhouse
Schoolhouse Red
Schwitzer Himbeerapfel
Scotch Bridget
Scott
Scottia
Scotts Winter
Scottys Prolific
Scucog
Seaeonk Sweeting
Secor
Seestermuher Zitronenapfel
Segleo Pirus
Sekai Ichi
Sellers Sweet
Selser Red
Senator
Sensacion
Senshu
September
September Ruby
Sergeant Russet Golden Delicious
Serinka
Severnii Bujon
Severny Sinap
Shackleford Coal
Shafer
Shamrock
Shangrila
Shannon
Shaphran Letnij
Sharleston Pippin
Sharon
Sharopa
Shaw Ribston
Shawnee
Shay
Sheepnose
Sheepnose Bellflower
Sheepnose Delicious
Sheepnose Sweet
Shelley
Shellinkout
Shenandoah
Sheppards Sweet
Sherrington Norman
Shiawassee
Shin Indo
Shinibalt
Shinko
Shinning Pippin
Shinsei
Shinto
Shizuka
Shock
Shockley
Shockley Cantrell
Shockley Grizzle
Short One
Shtreifling
Shuler
Siberian Crab Red Flesh
Siberian Glow
Sierra Beauty
Sikora
Silken
Silver Cup
Silvia
Simgold
Simonet
Sin Qua Non
Sinta
Sipolins
Sir Isaac Newton
Sir Prize
Siuslaw
Skinners Seedling
Skov Foged
Skryzhapel
Skyrmes Kernel
Skyview
Slava Pobeditelyam
Sleke
Slemp
Slgne Tillisch
Slick Green
Slippery Cider
Slocan
Slocan Lake
Slope
Slor
Slovianka
Small Summer Queen
Smarts Prince Arthur
Smith 1
Smith Cider
Smith Jonathan
Smiths Seedling
Smokehouse
Smokey Twig
Smoky Mountain Limbertwig
Smoothgold
Smordodina
Snap
Snell
Snovit
Snow
Snow Of Iowa
Snowdrift Crab
Snowsweet
Snuff
Soda
Sokeri Miron
Somerset
Gravenstein Solid Red
Somerset of Maine
Somerset Red Streak
Sommerfeld
Sondersinov
Sops of Wine
Sour Buff
Sour June
Sour Russet
Sour Sweetning
South Dakota Bison
South Dakota Macata
South Dakota Winter
Southers Favorite White Sweet
Souvenir
Souvenir De Fernand Cognet
Spaanse Kellng
Spalte
Sparkler
Sparkle
Sparreholm
Spartan
Spasovka Kvsana
Spasserud
Spatbluehender
Speckled Red
Spencs Bridge
Spencer
Spencer Seedless
Spice
Spice of North Georgia
Spice of Old Virginia
Spice Russet
Spigold
Spijon apple
Spike Anderson
Spire Crimson
Spire Emerald
Spire Irish
Spire Maypole Crab
Spire Northpole
Spire Scarlet
Spire Ultra
Spitsbergen
Spitzenburg
Spitzenburg Red
Spitzlederer
Splendour
Spokane Beauty
Spoon Creek Amish
Spotted Pippin
Spring Grove Codlin
Springdale
Sprltz
Spur Red Golden
Spy Double Red
Spygold
Spylicious
Spytosh
St Albans Pippin
St Anna
St Anna Rode Boskoop
St Cicellia
St Clair
St Edmunds Russet
St Everard
St Francis
St Gold
St Lawrence
St Martin
Stable
Stafford
Stahis Prince
Stalet
Stamared
Star Song
Starkey
Starking
Starr
Statefair
Stayman
Stayman Dermea
Stayman Double Red
Stayman Nured
Stayman Winesap
Steacy
Steams
Stedinger Prinz
Steels Red
Stellar
Stelnbridge Cluster
Stembridge Jersey
Stephans Wonder
Sterappel
Sterling
Stewart
Stine
Stockers Knob
Stoke Red
Stollsteimer 1
Stone
Storapple
Strathmore
Strawberry Parfait apple
Strawberry Pippin
Strawberry Rome
Streaked
Streaked June
Striped Beauty Crab
Striped Beefing
Striped Ben Davis
Striped Early Harvest
Striped Harvey
Striped June
Striped Tawny
Stripes
Strlckler
Stroming
Stronghold
Stuarts Golden
Stump
Stump of the World
Sturmer Pippin
Sublett
Subtropical Apple
Sudeten Reinette
Suecary
Sugar
Sugar Ball
Sugar Loaf
Sugar Lump
Sugar Pippin
Sugar Sweet
Sugarloaf Pippin
Suigis Desert
Suislepas Rozabols
Suislepper
Sumac
Sumatooka
Summer Banana
Summer Bellflower
Summer Bellflower
Summer Buckingham
Summer Butt
Summer Champion
Summer Cheese
Summer Cider
Summer Delicious
Summer Gold
Summer Golden Pippin
Summer Granny
Summer Green
Summer King
Summer Ladyfinger
Summer Orange
Summer Pearmain
Summer Pink
Summer Queen
Summer Rambo
Summer Ribbon
Summer Rose
Summer Rose
Summer Row
Summer Scarlet
Summer Song
Summer Sweet
Summer Sweet Paradise
Summer Treat
Summerfield
Summerlan Red Mac
Summerred
Summerset Of Maine
Summerset Redstreak
Sun Dog
Sunburn
Sundance
Sunday Sweet
Sungold
Sunny Brook apple
Sunnybrook
Sunrise
Sunset
Suntan
Super Jon
Super Lory
Super Manga
Surpasse Frequin
Surprise
Surprise Reinette
Sussex Mother
Susvorenskoyc
Suttons Beauty
Suvorovets
Suyiloa
Swaar
Swadley
Swanzies Sauce
Swardland
Swayzie
Sweden Spartan
Sweeney
Sweet 16
Sweet Abram
Sweet Alford
Sweet Bausel
Sweet Bough
Sweet Buff
Sweet Caroline
Sweet Coppin
Sweet Delicious
Sweet Duchess
Sweet Dutchy
Sweet Emma
Sweet Heart
Sweet Horse
Sweet June
Sweet King
Sweet Ladlng
Sweet Mclntosh
Sweet Neverfail
Sweet Pippin
Sweet Potato
Sweet Pound
Sweet Queen
Sweet Russet
Sweet Rusty Coat
Sweet Sal
Sweet Sixteen
Sweet Spice
Sweet Striped June
Sweet Valentine
Sweet Water
Sweet William
Sweet Winesap
Sweetango apple
Sweeting
Swiss Orange Schweitzer
Swiss Pippin
Switzer
Sylvia
Sysvorenskoye
Transcendant Crab
Tailin Pear Apple Ost
Taint Fraise
Takane
Tale Sweet
Tall Top
Tallow Pippin
Talifero
Tan Yard Seedling
Tango Wine
Tannenkruger
Tar Button
Tardive Forester
Tasmans Pride
Tasty
Tater House
Tates Blushing Maiden
Tauton Cross
Tawria
Tayeshnoe
Tayloe Sweet
Taylor Russet
Taylor Sweet
Taylors
Taylors Favorite
Tazmans Pride
Teign Harvey
Ten Ounce
Tender Flesh
Tenderskin
Tenessee Beauty
Tennessee Green
Tetofsky
Teton De Demoiselle
Tex Red Winesap
Thelmas Gold
Thew Gold
Thick Banana
Thomas Roland
Thome Empire
Thompson
Thorberg
Thorgauer Weinapfel
Thornberry
Thornburg
Thunderehlld Crab
Tiefblute
Tilsith
Tioga
Titus Mystery
Titus Pippin
Tlnas Favorite
Toba
Toellisaare
Tohoko 2
Tohoku
Tohoku 4
Toka CHM
Toko
Tolman Sweet
Tom Putt
Tommy
Tompkins County King
Toms All Red
Toney
Topaz
Topfield Green keeper
Toreno
Torstein
Toshkee
Tough Hide
Tower Of Glamis
Toye
Trail
Trailman
Trakiiska Rama
Transcendent Crab
Transparent De Croncels
Travetsu Renet
Trebu
Trehu Seklandzis
Trembletts Bitter
Trent
Tribute
Trinitarian
Tropical Beauty
Trusevitch
Tryumph De Boskoop
Tsugaru
Tully
Tumanga
Tun Apple
Tupstones
Turkey 39
Turkey Run
Turley Winesap
Twelfth Ave
Twenty Ounce
Twenty Two Ounce
Twinkling Star
Twistbody Jersey
Two Chimney Apple
Two Tone
Tydeman Powell
Tydeman Red
Tydemans Early Worcester
Tydemans Michaelmas Red
Tydemans Red
Tydernans Late Orange
Ulvanlsceva
Umpqua Late Sweet
Undlne
Unity
Unknown
Unknown Red Flesh
Upton Pine
Uralian Butter
Uralian Winter Apple
Uralskcje Nallvonje
Uster Apfel
Utter
Vagnon Ascher
Valentine
Valstar
Van Essletlne Crab
Van Houten
Van Hoy No Core
Van Mons Reinette
Vandaver June
Vanderpool Red
Vandevere
Vandevere Pippin of Indiana
Vanilla
Varginia Sweet
Vartanian
Vecdum
Velma
Velma Glow
Venus Pippin
Vered
Verna Pippin
Vicks Pick
Victor
Victoria Sweet
Victory
Vienna
Viking
Vine
Violette
Virginia
Virginia Beauty
Virginia Crab
Virginia Gold
Virginia Greening
Virginia Pippin
Virginia Sweet
Vista
Vista Bella
Vlllensandy
Vogelcalville
Vystavochnoye
Wabiskaw
Wade
Wadhurst Pippin
Wagener
Wainwright
Waitana
Wakaga
Waldhofler
Walker Pippin
Wallace Sweet
Waltana
Walters
Warners King
Warsaw
Washed Russet
Washington Greening
Washington Royal
Washington Strawberry
Washingtons Oldest
Water Core
Water Sweet
Water Valley
Watermelon
Watervllle
Waverly
Wax Apple
Wax Orange
Waxen
          2012 Benchgrafts still time left!!!        

Benchgrafts still available for 2012 – Please order soon, our rootstock is getting reserved. We will be grafting in late February through late April. When the rootstock runs out we will stop taking orders. We have a 10 tree minimum and no maximum. Please give us plenty of alternate choices in your orders as scion stock is starting to dwindle.

Below is the complete 2012 benchgraft list. It does contain an entire inventory of several orchards – please note we will not graft apples or pears still under patent.

This is the most extensive list ever offered for custom grafting antique apples. Check our previous post for the pear list. Most likely you will never see such an offering again.

Please check your local rules regarding shipping in apples and pears.

Many of the varieties listed below will only be available for 2012 - please consider ordering additional trees to preserve these endangered apples and pears. One of our heroes, Nick Botner is retiring and his collection needs to be preserved (he currently has his massive orchard and home for sale) - the only way to ensure that is to get these fruit trees backed up in as many locations as possible. The list below is an inventory and benchgraft list only - we cannot supply scionwood from this list at our normal prices. We will pay on average $5.50 a stick from this list and then buy scionwood to graft to at a $2.00 average - then we will absorb shipping/handling/insurance costs to deliver them to you at $10/tree with a 10 tree minimum. We are primarily concerned with preservation of this collection - if you would like to swap or purchase scionwood please email us at wagonwheelmail@aol.com or call us at 913-893-6050.


Mail a check with a summary of your order to Wagon Wheel Orchard 15380 Edgerton Rd Gardner KS 66030. First requested/first fulfilled - please do not wait until last minute! We will be shipping in late March to early April or as weather permits.

Questions? - email wagonwheelmail@aol.com

15th Street Mystery
157 Keeper
38 Special
Aachen Red
Aarguer Jubilaums
Abbeca
Abbondanza
Abrikesinis
Abrim
AC Goldspice
AC Red Russet
Accordlan
Acme
Adam
Adams
Adams Pearmain
Adanac
Adersleber Kalvllle
Adina
Advance
Agnes
Airlies Red Flesh
Alamanc Pound
Altaiska Sweet
Aitiaiskoye Descenthoye
Aivania
Akane
Akero
Akin
Alabaster
Alamaka
Alamanc Pound
Alamata
Alaska Etter
Alaska Pink
Alberta Red
Alexander
Alexis Crab
Alfa 68
Alfred Jolibois
Alfriston
Alice
Alkmene
Allegheny Seedling
Allens Everlasting
Allington Pippin
Allum
Alma Sweet
Almata
Almey
Almond
Alnarp 2
Alpha 68 A
Alpha 68 B
Alpinist
Als Mystery
Altal Mountain
Altlander Pfankuchenapfel
Alton
Alvania
Amanishild
Amasya 2
Amasya 3
Amasya 4
Amasya 5
Ambitious
Ambrosia
Amed
Amelia
Amere De Bellevue
Amere De Berthecourt
American Beauty
American Forestier
American Golden Russet
American Pippin
Grindstone aka American Pippin
American Summer
Ames 550
Amism
Amori Delicious CHM
Amri
Amslb Crab
Amur Naliv
Amur Red
Amy
Amzr Gauthier
Ananas Reinette
Ananas Rouge
Ananas Rouge X2
Anaros
Angolle Gis
Anis
Anis Ally K32
Anisim
Ann Trio
Anna
Anne
Annie Elizabeth
Anoka
Antonovka
Antonovka One and a Half Pounds
Antonovka Debnicka
Antonovka Kamenichka
Antonovka Mitchurin
Antonovka Monasir
Antonovka Ottawa
Antonovka Polutorapuntovaya
Antonovka Zheltaio
Antonovka Shafran
Apetala
Apfel Aus Grunheide
Api Etoile
Api Rose
Apple Babe
Appomatox Golden Sweet
Apricot Apple
Arctic Red
Arkad Zimnyl
Arkansas
Arkansas Black
Arkansas Black Spur
Arkansas Mammoth Black
Arkansas Sweet
Arkcharm
Arlet
Armstrong
Aroma
Aroma Prlddy
Aroma Swedish
Aromat De Vara
Aromatic Russet
Arrow
Arthur Turner
Ashbury
Ashford Striped
Ashmeads Kernel
Ashton Bitter
Ashton Brown Jersey
Aspirn
Assumption
Asterus
Astillisch
Astrachan Crab
Astrachan Red
Astrachan Rouge
Astrachan Striped
Astrachan White
Atha
Athabaska Crab
Atlas
Auderpool
August Beauty
August Queen
August Red
Augusts Best
Aunt Coras Field Apple
Aunt Coras Yard Apple
Aunt Lucy
Aunt Maggie
Aunt Rachel
Aunt Salley
Aunt Zacharys Red Blush
Auralia
Aurora
Aurora Braeburn
Autumn Arctic
Autumn Pearmain
Autumn Strawberry
Autumn Sweet
Fuji Auvil Early
Auvil Early Fuji
Avenarius
AW Barnes
B Walters
Babine
Bablch
Black Steifapfel
Badami Golden Delicious
Golden Delicious Badami
Bailey June
Bailey Sour
Bailey Sweet
Bainbridge
Baker Sweet
Bakers Delicious
Balancier
Bald Mountain
Baldwin Green
Baldwin
Baldwin Black
Baldwin Red
Baldwin Red Flesh
Ballerina
Balls Choice
Ballyfatten
Baltimore
Baltimore Pound
Baltimore Red
Banana Dodd
Banana Pippin
Banana Rose
Banana Summer
Banana Winter
Winter Banana
Banana Winter Spur
Bancroft
Banks
Banner Yellow
Banons Seedling
Baptist
Barkers Liner
Barkley Rome
Barn
Barnack Beauty
Barney Blair June
Baron Wolsey
Barre
Barry
Bart
Basakirian Beauty
Bascombe Mystery
Basettl
Batchelor
Bates Lobo
Battleford
Battleford Improved
Batul
Batuleen
Bauer
Baumans Reinette
Bausel
Baxter
Baxters Pearmain
Bazeley
Beach
Beachamwell
Beacon
Bean
Bearl
Beau Jade
Beautiful Arcade
Beautrix
Beauty of Bath
Beauty of Hants
Beauty of Kent
Beauty of the World
Beaver 1
Beck Searcy
Bectel Crab
Bed Dagen
Bedan
Bedan Des Parts
Bedford Pippin
Bedford Red
Bedford
Beecher
Beeley Pippin
Beforest
Bella De Jardins
Bellcourt
Belle DAvril
Belle de Boskoop
Belle De Boskoop Bogo
Belle De Crollen
Belle De Nordhausen
Belle De Pontoise
Belle Et Bonn
Belle Fille
Belle Fleur De France
Belle Fleur De Krasnyi
Belle Imperial
Belle Norman
Belle Sans Pipin
Bellefleur Rekord
Bellefleur De Brabant Rouge
Bellefleur Kitaika
Bellefleur Rouge
Bellefleur Large Mouche
Bellefleur Double
Bellflower
Bellflower Kitaika
Belmont
Belmont Waxen
Bemali
Ben Davis
Ben Davis Black
Ben Trio
Benedictine
Benham
Beni N o Mai
Beniield
Benitts Roter Flnkenwerde
Benoni
Bentley Sweet
Bently
Benton Red
Benvoulin 101
Benwells Large
Berglander
Beringer
Berkeley Pippin
Berlersch Red
Berner Rosen
Berts Special
Bess Pool
Bessemianka Michurina
Best O Red
Bethel
Betsey
Betsey Deaton
Betsy Russet
Beutlet
Bevins Favorite
Beverly
Beverly Hills
Bietigheimer Red
Big Cheese
Big Flavor
Big Horse
Big John Apple
Big Red
Big Red June
Big Rusty Coat
Bills Red Flesh
Billy Bound
Billy Brown
Billy Sparks Sweet
Binet Blanc Dore
Binet Blanc
Binet Rose
Binet Rouge
Binet Violet
Bingham
Birnapple
Bisbee
Bisbee Giant Winesap
Biscuit Horse
Biscuit Red
Bishops Pippin
Bismarck
Bitter Buckingham
Bitter Queen
Bitterforest Apple
Black Amish
Black Anne
Black Beauty
Black Bud
Black Crofton
Black Evans
Black Gilliflower
Black Jack
Black Oxford
Black Prince
Black Sap
Black Yancey
Blackjon
Blacktwig
Blahova Oranzova Renetor
Blahova Ruzena
Blair
Blairmont
Blanc Dur Orne
Blanc Mollet
Blangsted Cox
Blash Pippin
Blauacher
Blaxtayman
Blaze
Bledsoe 722
Blenheim Orange
Blood Red Crab
Bloodstreak
Bloody Ploughman
Blue Pearmain
Blue Ridge King
Blush Pippin
Blushing Golden
Bob
Bob Long
Bob White Crab
Boche
Bodil Neergard
Boger
Bogus June
Bohanon
Bohn
Bohnapfel
Boiken
Boles
Bolick Seedling
Bongkshu
Bonn
Bonne Hotture
Bonner Early
Bonnie Best
Bonum
Bonza
Booths July Gold
Boringer
Borkh Crab
Borowitski
Borsdorfer
Bortlinger
Boskoop Rouge
Bossom
Botecourt Green
Bottle Greening
Bough Apple
Boughen Delight
Bouquet of Burgundy
Bouteille
Bouteille De Liseux
Boutteville
Bowden Seedling
Bowlingfield Sweet
Brabant Bellefleur
Braddick Nonpareil
Bradfordshire Foundling
Bradleys Beauty
Bradson
Braeburn
Braeburn Red
Bramley
Bramleys Seedling
Bramtot
Branch
Brandy
Brandy Early
Brandywine Crab
Bravo Deesmolte
Brazil
Breakwells Seedling
Breaky
Brettacher
Breugger Reinette
Brew
Brewsters Twig
Brightgold
Brightness
Brimstone
Britegold
Britemac
Brock
Brocks Beauty
Brogan
Brogden
Brookland
Brooks Cope
Brooks Iredeli
Brown Of Wren
Brown Russet
Brown Snout
Brown Sweet
Brown Thorn
Brownlees Russet
Browns Apple
Browns Red Long Keeper
Brunnerling
Brunsapple
Brush College
Brusnichnoe
Brysons Seedling
Buchannon
Buckeye Beauty
Buckingham
Buckley Giant
Bud Special
Buff
Buffalo
Bugaru
Builay
Buile
Bull Face
Bullet
Bullnose
Bullock
Bulmers Norman
Bumble Bee
Bumble Bee Sweet
Buncombe
Bunkam
Burford Red Flesh
Burgundy
Burling Green
Burning Green
Burnside Large Cooker
Burnskln
Burr Knot
Bushy Grove
Butter
Butler
Butter Ball
Butter Queen
Buttermilk
Cagle
Caillouett
Calder Red
Calloway Crab
Calton Sweet
Calva
Calvil Crymsky
Calville Blanc D Hiver
Calville Du Mont d Or
Calville Rouge
Calville Rouge De Autumne
Calville Rouge D Ete
Calvin
Camack Sweet
Cambusnethan Pippin
Cameo
Cameron
Campbell Delicious
Campfield
Camuzat
Canada Red
Canada Reinette
Canadian Strawberry
Canadian Gris
Canavial 14
Candied Apple Weeping Crab
Candy Apple
Candy Stripe
Candy Sweeting
Caney Fork Limbertwig
Canning
Canning Yellow
Cannon Pea main
Cap N Cannons Red June
Cap of Liberty
Cappers Pearmain
Cappy
Captain Davis
Captain Kidd
Caravel
Cardinal Crab
Cardinal Von Galen
Carla
Carlton
Carmelitser Reinette
Carnifex
Carola
Carolina Beauty
Carolina June
Carolina Pippin
Carolina Red June
Carpentier
Carpentin
Carroll
Carroll County Pound
Carters Blue
Carters Surprise
Casa Nova De Ales Baca 9
Cascade Crab
Cascade Portage
Catawaba
Catawaba Beauty
Cathay
Cathead Queen
Catshead
Cauley
Celestia
Celestial
Celler Dickstlel
Cellini
Centennial Crab
Centurion
Century 21
Cestra Belferkitaika
Chalab
Chamberlin
Champagne Reinette
Champlain Nyack
Champoeg Russet
Chance
Chandler
Charden
Charette
Charlaminski
Charlamoff
Charles Ross
Charleston Pippin
Charlotte
Charly Hall 1
Charly Hall 3
Chataignier
Chatham Sweet
Chautauqua
Cheals Golden Gem
Cheals Weeping
Cheddar
Cheddar Cross
Cheese
Cheese Big Flat Yellow
Cheese of Pennsylvania
Chehalis
Cheiftan
Chenango Strawberry
Cherlago
Chernogus
Cherry Cox
Cherry Crab
Cherry Pearmain
Cherryville Black
Chesapeake
Chesney
Chestnut Crab
Cheswell Crab
Chicago
Chieftain
Chimney Apple
Chinese Golden Early

China
Chinook
Chintz
Chipman
Chisel Jersey
Chivers Delight
Cho You
Chocolate Coat
Christmas Delight
Christmas Lady
Christmas Pearmain
Christmas Pink
Chuero Biz Bras
CHuero Ru Bienn
Chulanka
Chussen Rainer
Cider Hybrid
Cider Sweet
Cimitiere
Cinnamon Spice
Circassian
Cises Large Winter
Cissy
Claras Creek Apple
Clark of Kentucky
Clarke
Clarks Orange
Clarks Pearmain
Claudius
Claudius Herbstapfel
Claudius Rosenapfel
Claus Winterprinz
Clavan
Clay Hole
Claygate Pearmain
Clear Gold
Clear Heart
Cleopatra
Clifford redflesh
Clingtight
Clivia
Close
Coast Apple
Coast Hardy
Coat Jersey
Cobles Wilder
Cockle Plppin
Cockpit
Coconut Crunch
Coe
Coes Golden Drop
Coffey Seedling
Coffect Beauty
Coker Seedling
Colby Baldwin
Cole
Coles Quince
Collamer
Collamers 20 OZ
Collenback
Collet
Colley
Collins June
Colonel Vaughan
Colora York
Colozette
Columbia
Columbia Russet
Colvert
Colvis Spice
Commander York
Commercio Collins
Concordia Cider
Connel Red
Conk;e Jonathan
Conrad
Cookes Seedling
Coombs Wealthy
Coon
Coon Creek
Coopers Early White
Coopers Market
Coos Bay
Coos Bay Best
Coos River Beauty
Coppertone
Cordel
Corder
Cornish Aromatic
Cornish Gilliflower
Corse Hill
Cortland
Cortland North Pole
Cortland Red Coat
Cortland Red Spur
Cortland Spur
Cothren
Cotton
Cotton Patch
Cotton Sweet
Council
County Line
Court Of Wick
Court Pendu
Court Pendu De France
Court Pendu Gris
Court Pendu Noir
Court Pendu Plat
Court Pendu Rose
Court Royal
Cove
Cove Large Yellow
Cow
Cow Jersey
Cow Russet
Cow Snout
Cowichan
Cowiche
Cox Kummer
Cox Ley
Cox Orange Pippin
Coyle
Crab C
Cranberry
Cranberry Pippin
Cranberry South
Crandall
Cranzhevoje
Craven Crab
Crawford Seedling
Crawley Beauty
Crawley Relnette
Cream Puff
Creamy Kitaika
Creasy Sweet
Cremiere
Creston
Creswell
Cretesc
Crimson
Crimson Beauty
Crimson Bramley
Crimson Brillant
Crimson Gold
Crimson Jonagold
Crimson King
Crimson Peasgood
Crimson Spire
Crimson Superb
Cripps Pink
Criterion
Critt
Crittenden
Crofton
Crollon
Croncels
Croncels Transparent
Crookston
Crouch
Crow Egg
Crower 30
Crown Jewel
Crown Prince Rudolf
Crymus
Crystal Blush
Cullasaga
Cunningham
Curtis
Curtis Cheese
Custard
Cutleaf Crab
Dab 100
Dabbs Horse
Dabinette
Dad Apple
Daddy
Daddy Rebecca
Dainty
Dakota
Dakota Gold
Damelot
Danny Boy
Dans Apple
Danvers Winter Sweet
DArcy Spice
Darlene Chapman
Darnel
Daux Belan
Davenport Russet
Daves Apple
Daves Neighbor
Daves Old Red
Davey
David
David Crab
David Schectler
Davids Winter
Davidson Sweeting
Davies
Davis Avery
Dawn
Dawn Mac
Dayton
Dazzling Sue
De Estre
De La Bretonme
Deacon Jones
Deaderlelt
Dean Watts Scion
Deane
Dearborn Early
Dearborns Unknown
Decio
Deep Eye
Deep Red
Deer Creek Crab
DeFlanders
Delkers Glorie
Del Cirio
Delawine
Delbard Estivale
Delblush
Delcon
Deli Russet
Delia
Delicious De Voinesti
Delicious Mercer
Delicious Red Original
Delight Abite
Delijon
Delikates
Delistein
Deloris
Demir
Democrat
Denning
Derman Black Stayman
Derman Paragon 336
Derman Stayman
Derman Stayman 633
Derman Winesap 244
Detroit Red
Devine
Devonshire Crimson Queen
Devonshlre Quarrenden
Dexter
Diana
Dice Crab
Diebel
Diehl 1
Diltaya From Gueen
Dip Crossitg
Directeur Lesage
Discovery
Disharoon
Dixie Red Delight
Dixie Sweet
Djulabia
Dobbins Apple
Dobbs Horse
Doc Pippin
Doch
Doch Diany
Doctor
Dr Matthews
Domaine
Donce
Donnton Pippin
Dooleys White Pippin
Dorsell Marcus
Dorsett Golden
Dorsey
Dorthea Crab
Doss Blushing June
Double Bon Pommier
Doucet Rouge
Doux Amr
Doux Normandy
Doux Tardif
Dovell
Downing 1
Downing 2
Downing Tart
Downing Winter Maidenblush
Echtor Prinz
Dr Beach Winter Hanger
Dr Bill
Dr Bushs Sweet
Dr Harvey
Dr Seeling Golden
Drackenstein
Drain Canyon
Drap DOr
Drap DOr Guemene
Drew Brook
Drews
Dubbele Zoete AAGT
Duchess
Duchess Favorite
Duchess of Oldenburg
Ducks Bill
Dudley
Dudleys Winter
Dufflin
Dukat
Duke of Devonshire
Dula Beauty
Dulcet
Dulcina
Dumelows Seedling
Duncan Greening
Dunkerton Late Sweet
Dunlap
Dunning
Dunns Favorite
Dunns Seedling
Durham
Dutch
Dutch Mignonne
Dyer
Dymock Red
Eagle Tree
Earl
Earliest
Earligold
Earlijon
Early Banana
Early Banta
Early Bird Red
Early Cortland
Early Crimson
Early Crimson Laxton
Early Fly
Early Genitan
Early Goodwin
Early Harvest
Early Joe
Early June
Early Mclntosh
Early Melon
Early Pickens
Early Pippin
Early Red
Early Red Delight
Early Red Harvest
Early Red June
Early Red One
Early Redbud
Early Richmond Cherry
Early Ripe
Early Russet
Early Sheepnose
Early Strawberry
Early Sweet
Early Sweetning
Early Thompson
Earlyred Harvest
East Gate Crab
Easter Orange
Eastern Orange
Eastman Crab
Eastman Sweet
Ecklinvllle Seedling
Ecolette
Eddy April
Edelborsdorfer
Edelroter
Edgar
Edith
Edith Smith
Edore
Edwards Winter
Eggleton Styre
Egremont Russet
Egri Piros
Egyptian
Eikhoff
Ein Shemer
Ein Shemer 28
Elah
Eldon Pippin
Elektra
Elisa Rathke
Elita 20 Maiutesti
Elliot
Ellis
Ellis Bitter
Ellisons Orange
Elllsons Orange Red
Ellstrom
Elstar
Elstar Lustre
Emerald Spire
Emilia
Emnith Early
Empire
Empress
Emu
End 922
English Beauty
English Golden Russet
English Redstreak
English Russet
Enigma
Enos
Ensee
Enterprise
Epicure
Erickson
Erl Trio
Ermak
Ernst Borch
Erwin Bauer
Esopus Spitzenburg
Estinale
Ethel Martins Red Stripe
Etters Gold
Eulogy
Eurika
Euzia
Evans Care Free
Eve Apple
Evening Gold
Evereste Crab
Everheart
Exeter
Exeter Cross
Eynsham Challenger
Eynsham Dumpling
F McFarland Red Apple
Fall
Fall Harvey
Fall Orange
Fall Pippin
Fall Premium
Fall Queen
Fall Red
Fall Rose
Fall Russet
Fall Sweet
Fall Wine
Fallawater
Tulpehoken aka Fallawater
Snow aka Fameuse
Fameuse
Fancy Prairie
Fanny
Fantazja
Farmer Spy
Farmers Early Sweet
Father Abraham
Faust Winter
Fawn River Sweet
Fayette
Fearns Ave Pippin
Fence Row
Fennouillet Rose
Fenouillet de Ribours
Fenouillet Rouge
Fenoulllet Gris
Fenton
Ferina Pippin
Fernand Cognet
Feuillard
Feys Record
Field Apple
Field Spy
Fiesta
Fillbarrel
Finkenwerder Herbstprinz
Finsons Orange
Firecracker CHM
Fireside
Firmgold
Fisell Golden
Flame
Flat
Flat Apple
Flat Fall Cheese
Flat Fallwater
Flat Top
Flavour Gold
Fleming
Fletcher Sweet
Florence
Florina
Flower of Kent
Floyd Richmond
Forest King
Forest Streaked
Forest Winter
Forge
Fort Elkton
Fort Umpqua
Fort Vancouver
Forts Prize
Fortune
Forty Shillings
Forward
Forward Sour
Forward Streak
Fountain Pippin
Foust
Fox
Fox Hill
Foxwhelp
Fraas Zomercalville
Franc Roseau
Franklin
Frauen Rotacher
Frazier Yellow
Freadman Henery
Freds Redflesh
Freedom
Freeman Hybred redflesh
Freiherr Von Berlepsch
French Crab
French Pippin
French Reinette
Frequin
Frequin Audievre
Frequin Lacaille
Frequin Rouge
Frequin Tardlve De La Sarthe
Fresh Candy
Frettingham Victoria
Freyburg
Friandise
Frogmore
Fromms Reinette
Fromos De Voinesta
Frostproof
Fuero Rous
Fugate
Fuji
Fuji Spur
Fuji Red
Fukunishiki
Fukutami
Fushui
Fyan
Fyriki
GDWFI
GMAL 1389
Gable
Gaffin
Gala
Gala Big Red
Gala Grand
Gala Imperial
Gala Red
Gala Royal
Gala Spur
Gala Supreme
Galaxy
Gale Spur Red
Gales
Galicia
Gallen
Gallia Beauty
Gano
Garden Fortune CHM
Garden
Garden Green
Garden Royal
Garden Sweet
Gardner Kansas Apple
Garland
Garnet
Garrison
Garry
Gary Watters Golden
Gascoynes Scarlet
Gaver Jubilant
Geeveston
Geeveston Fanny
Geheimrath Breuhahan
Generos
Genet Moyle
Geneva
Geneva Black
Geneva Crab
Geneva Early
Geneva Ontario
Genesls
Gentry Stripe
Genvina
Geoagio
George Botner
George Carpenter
George Cave
George Dean Old Green
George Nelson
George Stone
George Webster
Gernes Red Acre
Gewurzluiken
Geyser Rose
Giant Crab
Giant Russian Crab
Giant Winesap
Gibbs Golden Gage
Gideon
Gideor
Gideon Sweet
Gilbert Gold apple
Gilliflower
Gilliflower of Gloucester
Gilpin
Ginger Gold
Gladstone
Glanz Reinette
Glass Apple
Glass King
Glass Late Red
Glenora
Glenorchie
Glenton
Gllpin
Glockenapfel
Gloria Mundi
Gloria Von Holland
Glorious Red Wood
Glory of Boskoop
Gloster
Gloster 69
Gloster Greening
Glow Crab
Glowing Coal
Glowing Heart
Goal
Goharaman
Golan
Gold Blush
Gold Boy Giant
Gold Canel
Gold Egg
Goldjon
Gold Medal
Gold Spur
Golden
Golden 42
Golden Ball
Golden Banana
Golden Bittersweet
Golden Cedar Apple
Golden Delicious Yakamaspur
Golden Delicious
Golden Delicious Smoothie
Golden Delicious Improved
Golden Early
Golden Fortune
Golden Gem
Golden Glo
Golden Glory
Golden Harvest
Golden Harvey
Golden Hornet
Golden Improved
Golden Jorden
Golden Mellon
Golden Noble
Golden Nugget
Golden Pearmain
Golden Pippin
Golden Precoce
Golden Reinette
Golden Russet
Golden Spice
Golden Spires Crab
Golden Square
Golden Sunset
Golden Supreme
Golden Sweet
Golden Uralian
Golden Winesap
Goldfinch Crab
Goldreinette
Goldrush
Goldsmith
Good
Good Green
Goodland apple
Goof
Goolsby Cider
Goose Apple
Goose Pasture
Gordon Larson
Goude Reinette
Gouldburg
Gragg
Graham
Grand Duke Constantine
Grand Mother Cheese
Grand Pap
Grandaddy
Grandma
Grandma Greuels Crabapple
Grandpa
Grandpa Cider
Granerly
Granges Pearmain
Granite Beauty
Granite Belt 63 43
Graniwinkle
Granny
Granny Goldsmith
Granny Layne
Granny Mac
Granny Morgan
Granny Neighbors
Granny Rogers
Granny Shan
Granny Smith
Granny Smith Red
Granspur
Grapefruit
Granny Barns
Grave
Gravenstein
Gravenstein Black
Gravenstein Blood Red
Gravenstein Candy Stripe
Gravenstein October
Gravenstein Red
Gravenstein Rosebrook
Gravenstein Schwarts
Gravenstein Sheets
Gravenstein Solid Red
Gravenstein Striped
Gravenstein Washington
Gravenstein Washington Red
Gravenstein Winter
Gravenstein Worthen
Gray Pearmain
Gray Pippin
Greasy Coat
Greasy Pippin
Greasy Skin
Greasy Sweet
Great Unknown
Green Bellflower
Green Brown Keeper
Green Buckingham
Green Cheese
Green Chisel
Green Harvey
Green Keeper
Green Lane
Green Newtown Pippin
Green Peak Spy 1
Green Pearmain
Green Pippin
Green River
Green Russet
Green Sheepnose
Green Skin Pippin
Green Skin Sweet
Green Sweet
Green Witch
Greendale
Greenmeadows Coxs Orange 1163
Greenpeak Spy 1
Greensleeves
Greenville
Grenadier
Grenandine
Grickson
Griffith
Griifith Gold
Grimes Golden
Grimes Late
Gris Pontoise
Grise Dieppois
Grissom
Grissom Golden Pippin
Groniger Kroen
Gros Api
Gros Bois
Gros Frequin
Gross Richard
Grosse Launette
Grosse Mouche
Grots Liebling
Grove
Grufrf
Gruzhovka of Moscow
Guldborg
Gypsy Gold
Haas
Hackworth
Hadlock Reinette
Hahns Seedling
Haines
Halberstadte Jungefernapfel
Half Acre
Hall
Hall Keeper
Halloween
Halls
Halls Pink
Hamalton
Hambledon Deux Ans
Hampshire apple
Haney
Hanlen
Hanna
Hanners
Hanners Hybred Giant
Hanns Seedling
Hans Trio
Hansens 2
Hansons Red Flesh
Haralred
Haralson
Harcourt
Harding
Hardy Cumberland
Hargraves Greensweet
Harlamowsky
Harolds Large
Harris
Harrison
Harry Masters Jersey
Hartwell Soaring
Harvest Gold
Harvester
Harvey
Hatsuald
Hauer Pippin
Haun
Hauxapfel
Hawaii
Hawkeye Delicious
Hawkeye Greening
Hawley
Hayes Green
Hayes Orange
Hayherst Gold
Haynes
Haywood June
Hazen
Hedwigiae Red Wood
Hehnsley Market Apple
Heimenhofer
Helios
Helya
Hendrick Sweet
Henery
Henning
Henrietta Crosby
Henry Clay
Henry Mortons Banana
Henrys Golden Keeper
Herdfordshire
Hereford Redstreak
Herefordshire Russet apple
Herefordshire Beefing
Herma
Hermann
Hermansky
Herrings Pippin
Hewes
Hews Crab
Heyer 12
Heyer 2
Heyer 20
Heyer 6
Hibernal
Hicks
Hidden Rose
Higdon
High Yellow
Hightop
Hightop Sweet
Hillside
Himbeerapfel Aus Holowaus
Himekami
Hillieri Crab
Hoary Morning
Hooples Antique Gold
Hog Pen
Hog Sweet
Hokuto
Hokutu
Holaart Doux
Holiday
Holland
Holland Winter
Hollander Prinz
Hollow Log
Hollow Stem
Holly
Holstein
Home Sweet
Homer Wards China Doll
Hornsby
Honey Ball
Honey Child
Honey Cider
Honey Sweet aka Honey Cider
Honey Gold North Pole
Honeycomb Sweet
Honeycrisp
Honeygold
Honora
Hoover
Hopa Crab
Horneburger Pfannkuchen
Horse
Horse Shoe
Hosei
Hotle Rome
House
Howard
Howard Surprise
Howgate Wonder
Hua Guan
Huashuai
Hubbard Pearmaln
Hubbardston Nonesuch
Huckleberry
Hudsons Golden Gem
Hue Guan
Huidohro
Humboldt Crab
Hume
Hundred Dollar
Hunge
Hunt Russet
Hunter Ottawa
Huntsman
Hurlbut
Husk Spice
Husk Sweet
Huvitus
Hyde King
Hybred Aus Mlevewo
Hyslop Crab
I C Tolman
Ice
Ice Cream
Idagold
Idajon
Idamac
Idared
Imperial
Imperial Battleford
Imperial Red
Imperial Stayman
Improved Bevan
Improved Dove
Improved Foxwhelp
Improved Lambrook Pippin
Improved Winesap
Improved Winterjon
Inanoaklin Sweet
Incarnation
Indian Magic Crab
Indian Summer
Ingers
Ingol
Ingram
Ingrid Marie
Iowa Beauty
Iowa Blush
Irish Peach
Iron Black
Island Dream
Isle of Wight Pippin
Itzstedster Apfel
Iunost
Iva Crab
Ivan
Ivette
Ivorys Double Vigour
J Doolings Bonsai
J J Big Leaf Yellow
Jack
Jack King
Jacks Large Russet
Jacks Long Keeper
Jacks Red Gloss
Jackson
Jacobs English Codlin
Jacobs Sweet
Jadernicka
Jaeghers Reinette
Jakes Seedling
Jakob Fischer
Jameroli
Jamba
James Grieve
James Kirk
James Red
Jan Steen
Janet Moyle
Jarrett
Jaune Lu Desert
Jay Darling
J C Plum
Jean
Jefferis
Jelly Flower
Jenner Sweet
Jennifer
Jenny Beauty
Jersey Black
Jersey Red
Jersey Sweet
Jerseymac
Jesse Applegate
Jesse Hall
Jester
Jewel
Jewel Duchess
Jewets Red
Nodhead aka Jewetts Red
Jim Dandy
Jim Kell Thin Skin
Jin Guang
Joan
Joe Omalley Gold
Joe Omalley Green
Johannes Bottner
John Apple
John Conner
John Long
John Ryan
John Standish
John Wallace
Johnny Appleseed
Johnny Cheese
Johnny Nocore
Johnson Keeper
Johnsons Fine Winter Neverfail
Jonadel
Jonafree
Jonagold
Jonagold Daliguy
Jonagold Nicobel
Jonagold Red
Jonagold Rubinstar
Jonagold Wilmuta
Jonagram
Jonagrimes
Jonah
Jonalicious
Jonamac
Jonared
Jonathan
Jonathan Disease Resistant
Jonathan Smith
Jonathan Black
Jonathan Double Red
Jonathan King Red
Jonathan Nured
Jonathan Welday
Jones Favorite
Jono
Jonwin
Jordan Russet
Jorgenson Pippin
Joseph
Josephine
Josh
Jouveaux
Joybells
Joyce
Joys
Joys Delight
Jubilee
Judy
Juicy June Sweet
Juicy Queen
July
July August Go No Further
July Delicious
July Red apple
July Tart
Julyred
Jumbo
Jumbo Yellow Delicious
Junaluska
June Park
June Pink
June Red
June Stripe
June Sweeting
June Wealthy
Jungs Golden Russet
Jupiter
J W Day
Kaiser Wilhelm
Kakama River Red
Kalamis
Kalco
Kamenichka
Kamsomolez
Kandil Kitaika
Kandil Sinap
Kane
Kanipe RedFlesh
Kanorkawa
Kansas Black
Kansas K14
Kanzi apple
Karamine
Karastojanka
Kardinal Bea
Karel
Karin Schneider
Karmijn de Sonnaville
Karobovka Polosatoje
Karski Reinette
Kasslers Reinette
Katanosachl
Katherine
Katja
Katte Cop
Katy apple
Kavanagh
Kavlas
Keegans Crab
Keener Seedling
Keepsake
Keller Weech
Kellog Grange Winesap
Kelly 1
Kelly 3
Kelly Red Crab
Kellys Jumbo
Kellys Seedling
Kellys White Crab
Kelsey Crab
Kemp
Kendall
Kennedy Pear Shaped
Kensel
Kent
Kentish Fillbasket
Kerr
Kerr Red
Kerrys Irish Pippin
Kestrel
Keswick Codlin
Keukelaar Greening
Kevleman
Keystone Red
Khmhabi
Kidds Orange Red
Kile
Kim
Kimrome
King Charles Pearmain
King Cole
King Cox
King David
King Edward VII
King Harry
King Lammer
King Lusious
King of Pippin
King Pippin
King Red Jonathon
King Solomon
Kingion
Kings Acre
Kings Acre Bountiful
Kingsmere Crab
Kingston Black
Kinnards Choice
Kins
Kinsei
Kirks Seedling
Kiser Wilhelm
Kismards Choice
Kitaika Saninsltaia
Kitaika Zolataia
Kitalka Zolotaia Rannlaia
Kitanosachi
Kitchen
Kitotko
Kizll Alma
Kludzhinka
Knobb
Knobbed Russet
Knottey Pea
Kobenma
Kogetsu
Kokko
Kokko Strain 2
Kola
Koldu Renett
Komlensk
Koningszuur
Kooms Wealthy
Kootenay River Pearmaln
Kootenay River Red
Kootesaho
Korallo
Korea Wild Crab Apple
Korichnoe Polo Satoue
Korobovka
Kosmonaut
Kotoku
Kouleman
Krapchatoe
Krasnoyak
Krasnozirninaja
Krievu Rosmarins
Kuldzhinka Kpupnoplod
Kulon Kitaika
Kulundinskoe
Kummer Cox
Kuotesaho
Kurosch Sibirica x Bellfleur
Kyokko
Kyzildja
La Fame
La Pal
La Salle
Laxtons Reward
Lackey
Ladonium
Lady
Lady Blush
Lady Eve
Lady Finger
Lady Finger of Offaly
Lady Henniker
Lady Skin
Lady Sudeley
Lady Sweet
Lady Washington
Lady Williams
Lady Finger of Lancaster
Ladys Sweeting
Lakeland
Laking
Lamb Abby Pearmain
Lambert Colville
Lambert Krymsk 5
Lambrook Pippin
Lancashire Pippin
Lande
Landsberger Reinette
Lanes Prince Albert
Langdon
Lange Bellefleur
Langford
Langley Pippin
Langworthy
Lank
Late Queen
Large Fruited Crab
Large Yellow Siberian
Larrys Pride
Laxtons Superb
Late Harrison
Late Strawberry
Late Transparent
Laungette
Laura
Laura Ellis
Laura Red
Lawsons Codllng
Lawsons Seedling
Lawver
Laxtons Epicure
Laxtons Fortune
Laxtons Herold
Laxtons Leader
Laxtons Pioneer
Laxtons Royalty
Le Bret
Leafland Greening
Leathercoat Russet
Ledford
Lee 16
Lee 21
Legace
Lehigh Greening
Lemans Large
Lemoen
Lemon Pippin
Lemon Roy
Lemon Twig
Lena
Lennoxville
Leola
Leonard Transparent
Leonldis
Leslie
Leuchapfel
Lewis Green
Lewis Incomparable
Leyda
Liaofu
Libee 1
Liberty
Liddy
Liebe
Liestnaya Anoinoflku
Limbertwig
Limbertwig Black
Limbertwig Alberta
Limbertwig American
Limbertwig Ashford
Limbertwig Brushy Mt
Limbertwig Caney
Limbertwig Carolina
Limbertwig Fall
Limbertwig Green
Limbertwig Hanging Dog
Limbertwig Kentucky
Limbertwig Little
Limbertwig Mountain
Limbertwig Myers Green
Limbertwig Nanthailia Red
Limbertwig Red
Limbertwig Royal Red
Limbertwig Ruby
Limbertwig Rusty Coat
Limbertwig Seedling
Limbertwig Slattons
Limbertwig Summer Yellow
Limbertwig Sweet
Limbertwig Swiss
Limbertwig Victoria Sweet
Limbertwig Virginia
Limbertwig Watts
Limbertwig White
Limbertwig Yellow
Lina
Lincoln
Lincolnville Russet
Linda
Linda Sweet
Lindsay Russet
Linton
Little Benny
Little Rose Blush
Livadlyskoye
Liveland Strawberry
Livl Shampan
Ljaljce
Llndel
Llnoa
Lloyds Russet Seedling
Lobo
Lodi
Lodi spur type
Lombarts Calvllle
London Pippin
Long Green
Long One
Long Reinette
Long Stem
Longfield
Longney Russet
Lonnies Big Red
Lonnies Summer Giant
Loop Giant Spy
Loop Red Spy
Loop Russet Baldwin
Lord Burghley
Lord Derby
Lord Hind
Lord Lambourne
Lord Lennox
Lord Seedling
Lord Stradbroke
Lord Suffield
Lord Wolsiey
Loriglo
Lorna Doone
Louise Bonne De Jersey
Lovell
Lowell
Lowland Raspberry
Lowry
Loyalist
Lualuce
Lubee 1
Lubsk Queen
Lucombes Pine
Lugar Red
Luicy
Luke
Lurared
Lutes Great Keeper
Luxembourg
Lyle Bonner
Lyman Prolific
Lymans Large summer
Lynchs Pear Apple
Lynchs Strawberry
Lynchs Sugar Apple
Lyon
Lyscom
Lysgolden
Mabbots Pearmain
Mabel Kagel
Mac Wild Spur
Macfree
Macleod
Macoun
Macspur
Madeleine
Madina
Madison Mammoth
Madona crab
Madresfield Court
Magna Bonum
Magnolia
Magnolia Gold
Magnum Bonum
Magog Redstreak
Maharaji
Mahogany
Mai
Maid of Kent
Maiden Blush
Maigold
Mailbox
Majo
Major
Major C
Major Crunch
Make
Malabois
Malinda Crab
Malt Bagevskli
Maltster
Mammoth Black Twig
Mammoth Crab
Mammy
Manch Rouge
Manchurian Crab
Manito
Manitoba
Manitoba Spy
Manks Codlin
Mann
Mannington Pearmain
Manolta
Mantet
Mantuanskoye
Marachal
Marble
March 1
Margaret
Margil
Mariborka
Marie Joseph DOthee
Marie Menard
Marin Onfroy
Marks Sweet
Marlin Stephens
Marlyns Delight
Marquesa
Marriage Maker
Martha
Martha x Dolgo Crab
Martians Crab
Maruba
Mary Potter Crab
Mary Reid
Maryland
Matais
Mattamusket
Matthews
Maude
Maude Hyatt Seedling
Maunerbe
Maunzenapfel
Mausbys Fine Winter
Max Trio
May
May of Virginia
May Queen
Maybride
Mays Apple
MC Nicholas Greening
McClean
McClintock Grimes
McCoy Red Winter
McCuller
McDonald Crab
McGhees Seedling
Mcintosh
McIntosh Boiler
Mcintosh Compact
McIntosh Disease Resistant
McIntosh Improved
McIntosh spur type
McIntosh Marshall
McIntosh Kimball
McLeary
McLellan
McLemore
Mclntosh Cornwall
Mclntosh Kimball
Mclntosh Marshall
Mclntosh Rogers Red
Mclntosh Summerland Red
McMahon
McMahone White
McNicholas Greening
McCleay
Medaille dOr
Medina
Medusa
Meglomer
Megumi
Mela Carla
Melanie
Melanie Golden White
Melba
Meldrum
McLemore
Mollie
Melon
Melred
Melrose
Melrose Spur
Melrouge
Mendocino
Mere De Menage
Merit
Merton Ace
Merton Beauty
Merton Charm apple
Merton Delight
Merton Joy
Merton Knave
Merton Pearmain
Merton Pippin
Merton Prolific
Merton Russet
Merton Worcester
Messire Jacques
Metais
Miami
Michael Henry Pippin
Michaelmas Red
Michelin
Michinoke
Michurins Bessiemianka
Michurins Seedless
Middletown Fameuse
Midget Crab
Midland Weeping Crab
Mikes Greening
Milam
Milden
Mildew Immune Seedling
Milley
Milim
Mill Creek
Mill End
Mill Rose
Miller Creek Pound
Miller Sour
Millers Seedling
Millicent Barnes
Milo Gibson
Milton
Milwaukee
Ming Shing
Mingan
Minister Von Hammerstein
Minjon
Minkler
Minnehaha
Minnesota 1734
Minnesota 447
Mio
Miron Sacharanij
Mironchik
Mislimka
Mississippi Pippen
Missouri Pippin
Mitchell
Mitchell Sweet
Mitchurins Samenloser
Mleevskaya Crasavitsa
Mobbs Royal
Moira
Moiron Sacharaniv
Mollies Delicious
Moms Red
Monarch
Monark
Monger Jewel
Mongolian
Monmouth Beauty
Monmouth Pippin
Monroe
Monroe Sweet
Montana Red
Montgomery
Montreal Peach
Moonlight
Moores Sweet
Morden 358
Morden 359
Morden 360
Morden 363
Morden 370
Morden Ruby
Morgan
Morgan Duft
Morgan Sweet
Morgans Christmas
Morgenduflapfel
Morning Star
Morrison Yellow
Moscow Pear
Moses Wood
Mostrom Pippin
Mother
Mother Bud
Mott Pink
Mott Sweet
Mottais
Mount Slckler White
Mountain aka Mountain Belle
Mountain Boomer
Mountain Dale
Mountain Red Coat
Mountain Rose
Mountaineer
Moyers Prize
Moyers Spice
Mr Homer
Mr Prothero
Mrs Bryan
Mrs Carter
Mrs Francis
Mrs Phillmore
Mrs Wards Early
Mucini
Mule Apple
Multnomah
Munson Sweet
Murasaki
Murray
Muscadet De Bernay
Muscadet De Dieppe
Muscadet De Lense
Muscadet Livc