|Sull'"Elogio dei riformisti" di Roberto Saviano||1. AffinitÃ e divergenze fra Saviano e noi. Considero Gomorra uno fra i libri letterariamente piÃ¹ importanti di questi anni nonchÃ© fra i capolavori del giornalismo d'inchiesta italiano. Ammiro e rispetto Roberto Saviano, anche se a volte non sono stato d'accordo con lui su alcune delle sue prese di posizione (ad es. sulla politica dei governi israeliani, oppure sugli scontri di piazza che hanno contrassegnato l'ultima fase del governo Berlusconi).|
Ho trovato molto superficiale e semplicistico l'articolo di Saviano uscito su "La Repubblica" del 28 febbraio, dedicato all'elogio del riformismo.
Prendendo spunto da un recente libro di Alessandro Orsini sulla storia della sinistra italiana, libro che contrappone Turati a Gramsci, Saviano traccia una riga sulla lavagna, mettendo da una parte i riformisti e dall'altra i comunisti. I primi sarebbero pacati, realisti, tolleranti e liberali, i secondi sarebbero fanatici, violenti, malati di dogmatismo e d'ideologia.
Scrive Saviano: "i comunisti hanno educato generazioni di militanti a definire gli avversari politici dei pericolosi nemici, ad insultarli ed irriderli. Fa un certo effetto rileggere le parole con cui un intellettuale raffinato come Gramsci definiva un avversario, non importa quale: 'La sua personalitÃ ha per noi, in confronto della storia, la stessa importanza di uno straccio mestruato'. Invitava i suoi lettori a ricorrere alle parolacce e all'insulto personale contro gli avversari che si lamentavano delle offese ricevute [...]. ArrivÃ² persino a tessere l'elogio del 'cazzotto in faccia' contro i deputati liberali. I pugni, diceva, dovevano essere un 'programma politico' e non un episodio isolato".
Viceversa, sempre secondo Saviano:
"in quegli stessi anni Filippo Turati, dimenticato pensatore e leader del partito socialista, conduceva una tenacissima battaglia per educare al rispetto degli avversari politici nel tentativo di coniugare socialismo e liberalismo".
Questa contrapposizione fra estremisti e riformisti, dice Saviano, si protrae fino ad oggi:
"Naturalmente, oggi, nel Pd erede del Pci, non c'Ã¨ piÃ¹ traccia di quel massimalismo verboso e violento, e anche il linguaggio della Sel di Vendola Ã¨ molto meno acceso. Ma c'Ã¨ invece, fuori dal Parlamento, una certa sinistra che vive di dogmi. Sono i sopravvissuti di un estremismo massimalista che sostiene di avere la veritÃ unica tra le mani", sono quei "pacifisti talmente violenti da usare la pace come strumento di aggressione per chiunque la pensi diversamente". Eccetera.
Quindi tutto lineare, nello schema di Saviano. Tutto semplice. Riformisti, buoni, in parlamento; comunisti, fuori dal parlamento, cattivi. Chiaro, no?
E perÃ², se si va a verificare nel dettaglio gli esempi storici addotti da Saviano, ecco che le cose si complicano.
2. Cosa c'era prima degli assorbenti. Vediamo ad esempio la prima frase "incriminata". Di un suo avversario politico ("non importa quale", dice Saviano), Gramsci scrisse: "La sua personalitÃ ha per noi, in confronto della storia, la stessa importanza di uno straccio mestruato".
La similitudine usata da Gramsci, al nostro orecchio di contemporanei, suona senza dubbio molto sgradevole. Intollerabilmente sessista, fra l'altro. Proviamo perÃ² a collocarla nel suo contesto. La frase Ã¨ tratta da un articolo di Gramsci, allora venticinquenne, pubblicato sull'edizione torinese dell'"Avanti!" il 19 aprile 1916. In quel periodo la redazione di Torino dell'"Avanti!", di cui Gramsci era giornalista, stava conducendo una campagna di stampa sugli sprechi e sulle ruberie di cui si erano resi responsabili i promotori dell'Esposizione Universale di Torino del 1911. Come spesso succede in Italia quando si tratta di "grandi opere", anche questa era stata accompagnata da malversazioni, che Gramsci e i giornalisti dell'"Avanti!" avevano puntualmente denunciato.
Fra i bersagli di questa campagna di stampa c'era il conte Delfino Orsi, che all'epoca faceva parte della direzione della "Gazzetta del Popolo", un giornale monarchico, filogovernativo e interventista. L'articolo di Gramsci del 19 aprile 1916 Ã¨ appunto una risposta ad un altro giornalista che aveva accusato l'"Avanti!" di aver attaccato Delfino Orsi non per il ruolo di quest'ultimo nello scandalo dell'Esposizione Universale, bensÃ¬ invece perchÃ© Orsi era "una delle piÃ¹ influenti figure dell'interventismo subalpino".
Teniamo sempre presente il contesto storico. In Italia, nel 1916, lo scontro politico fra governo e opposizione era polarizzato sul problema della guerra. Era soprattutto lo scontro fra interventisti e pacifisti. Era in corso la Prima guerra mondiale, un conflitto che oggi praticamente tutti gli storici valutano come un'orrenda ecatombe, una catastrofe che segnÃ² l'inizio del declino della civiltÃ europea, e che, in Italia, aprÃ¬ la via al fascismo. In Italia il bilancio della guerra fu di circa 680.000 morti e quasi 500.000 invalidi permanenti. Il Partito Socialista Italiano, nel quale all'epoca militavano sia Gramsci sia Turati, era su posizioni pacifiste, e si opponeva compattamente alla guerra. A favore della guerra erano invece i nazionalisti, i liberali e il Partito Socialista Riformista Italiano, composto perlopiÃ¹ da riformisti, come Bonomi e Bissolati, che erano stati espulsi dal P.S.I. giÃ nel 1912 per il loro appoggio alla guerra di Libia.
Tale era il contesto della polemica fra l'"Avanti!" di Gramsci da una parte, e la "Gazzetta del Popolo" di Delfino Orsi dall'altra.
Quando, nell'agosto 1917, a Torino la popolazione diede vita ad una rivolta spontanea contro la guerra e contro la mancanza di pane (rivolta che fu ovviamente repressa nel sangue, con circa 50 morti e 200 feriti fra gli operai e le loro famiglie), la "Gazzetta del Popolo" di Delfino Orsi fu tra gli organi di stampa che giustificarono la repressione.
PiÃ¹ tardi, coerentemente, Delfino Orsi fu deputato nel Parlamento fascista, ed era ancora tale quando morÃ¬ nel 1929 (mentre Gramsci era in carcere). Il gerarca Federzoni, nel suo elogio funebre pronunciato alla Camera dei Deputati l'11 dicembre 1929, disse di Orsi fra l'altro: "egli potÃ© rinverdire i fasti patriottici della Gazzetta del Popolo, levando ancora la gloriosa bandiera del Risorgimento per le nuove battaglie dell'intervento nella grande guerra, della difesa delle aspirazioni nazionali, della rivoluzione fascista".
Delfino Orsi era appunto l'uomo che Gramsci paragonÃ² ad uno "straccio mestruato". Un epiteto certamente poco gentile. Ma possiamo veramente dire, con Saviano, che "non importa quale" individuo egli fosse, nÃ© in quale periodo storico fosse situata la polemica fra lui e Gramsci?
Che diremmo di un giornalista il quale scrivesse, di alcuni suoi concittadini (non importa quali, direbbe Saviano), che essi sono "vigliacchi, in realtÃ ", un "manipolo di killer", "abbrutiti e strafatti", un "branco di assassini" che "vivono come bestie"? Sono insulti pesanti e hanno ben poco di mite e di liberale. Ma se collochiamo questi epiteti nel contesto dell'articolo da cui sono tratti, scopriamo che si riferiscono ad una banda di camorristi responsabili di svariati omicidi, e che l'autore del pezzo Ã¨ Roberto Saviano ("la Repubblica", 22 settembre 2008). Dobbiamo condannare il giornalista per la sua eccessiva violenza verbale? O non dobbiamo piuttosto ritenere che l'indignazione di Saviano, seppure si esprima in termini poco urbani, sia alquanto giustificata dalle circostanze?
3. La nobile arte. Vediamo, ancora, un altro passo gramsciano cui si riferisce Roberto Saviano. Si tratta dell'articolo intitolato "Elogio del cazzotto", uscito sempre sull'"Avanti!" il 12 giugno 1916. L'episodio cui si riferiva Gramsci in questo articolo era il seguente. Dei deputati socialisti, come gesto dimostrativo, avevano lanciato nell'aula di Montecitorio alcune cartoline con l'effige di parlamentari russi che erano stati deportati in Siberia a causa della loro opposizione alla guerra (c'era ancora il regime assolutista dello zar, e la Russia era alleata in guerra con le potenze della Triplice Intesa, con l'Italia, e contro la Germania e l'Impero asburgico). Un deputato interventista, Giuseppe Bevione, in quell'occasione accusÃ² i socialisti di essere al soldo del nemico. Ne nacque un tafferuglio, durante il quale il socialista Nino Mazzoni colpÃ¬ Bevione con un pugno. Questo, nello specifico, fu il "cazzotto" cui si riferisce GramscÃ¬ nel suo articolo, scrivendo fra l'altro:
"Non siamo entusiastici ammiratori del diritto del pugno; eppure quei pugni vibrati robustamente sul ceffo di Bevione ci riempiono di giubilo e di ammirazione".
Anche qui: possiamo dire che sia davvero ininfluente collocare la citazione di Gramsci nel suo contesto?
4. Vota Antonio. Veniamo ora ad un'altra delle dicotomie che Roberto Saviano delinea nel suo pezzo: quella fra opposizione parlamentare Vs. opposizione extraparlamentare. La prima riformista e "buona", la seconda estremista e "cattiva". E confrontiamo questa dicotomia con un esempio storico.
Nel giugno 1924, dopo il rapimento di Giacomo Matteotti, i parlamentari dell'opposizione antifascista decisero di disertare le aule del Parlamento, dando cosÃ¬ luogo a quella forma di protesta extraparlamentare che passÃ² alla storia come "secessione dell'Aventino". Fra loro c'era Filippo Turati, assieme a tutti i socialisti riformisti. C'era anche la piccola pattuglia dei deputati comunisti, che perÃ², nel novembre 1924, verificata l'inefficacia della protesta aventiniana, decisero di rientrare in Parlamento, dove rimasero a contrastare la maggioranza fascista, praticamente da soli, per altri due anni, fino a quando il partito comunista non fu messo fuori legge. (A che tipo di pacifica dialettica parlamentare fossero avvezzi i deputati fascisti lo si puÃ² vedere consultando la voce di Wikipedia dedicata a Francesco Misiano).
Quindi, ricapitolando. Nel 1925 abbiamo il socialista riformista Turati fuori dal parlamento. In parlamento c'Ã¨ una maggioranza parlamentare "estremista" fascista e una minoranza comunista (parimenti "estremista" secondo Saviano) di cui Gramsci fa parte. Comunque si voglia giudicare la situazione, si tratta di un caso in cui la realtÃ storica si rivela piÃ¹ complessa dei rigidi schematismi delineati da Saviano.
5. Conclusione. Con tutto questo discorso non voglio dire, naturalmente, che la violenza verbale nella lotta politica va sempre bene, che Ã¨ sempre giustificata. Sono d'accordo con Saviano nel condannare certe forme di settarismo inutile e controproducente (di cui Ã¨ un esempio il giudizio su Turati espresso da un Togliatti al peggio del suo stalinismo, citato da Saviano nel suo articolo). NÃ© intendo affrontare discorsi astratti sul punto se sia meglio la lotta extraparlamentare o quella parlamentare.
Dico che ogni situazione fa storia a sÃ©, che occorre giudicare caso per caso, e che generalizzazioni astratte e astoriche, come quella proposta da Saviano nell'articolo in questione, non hanno alcun significato.
|'..another Cold War that may last even longer than the war with world communism.' (no replies)|| '..until Muslim scholars find a Koran key to the free world and lead their followers to an entrance.'|
'Economists pondering about human action distinguish between four types of individual incomes; the Koran permits only two, which explains much poverty in the Muslim world. Economists speak of labor income which flows from services rendered either in self-employment or working for an employer; the Koran smiles upon this basic kind of income. Economists also discern interest income which, reflecting human frailty and mortality, flows from the differences between manâs valuation of present economic goods and future goods; the Koran condemns âribaâ, that is, interest income, and threatens all creditors who may be tempted to demand âribaâ with âthe fire prepared for unbelievers.â Economists also like to wax eloquent about entrepreneurial income, commonly called profits, which may be earned through correct anticipation of economic changes; failure to anticipate changes correctly may inflict entrepreneurial losses. The Koran simply prohibits economic activity that involves uncertainty, risk, or speculation and may earn âghara.â The prohibition obviously discourages and hampers economic changes, adjustments, modernizations, and improvements that are uncertain and risky.
'..the battle of ideas taking place in the Muslim world..'
|The Christmas Truce of 1914 - '..what might have happened if the truce had spread and this had caused the war to end earlier..' (no replies)|| '.."What If," points out that he thinks â¦ and of course this is speculation, counterfactual history ... that if we had had no Russian Revolution, we wouldnât have gotten to that point where communism took over, no Lenin, no Stalin, there would be no Treaty of Versailles, mistreated Germany, therefore Hitler would not have had his cause to rise and no Hitler and Nazism and World War II..'|
'Deist: One thing thatâs so remarkable about the Christmas Truce is this whole question of what might have happened if the truce had spread and this had caused the war to end earlier or be somehow limited. Weintraub addresses this in his book. We may not have had the rise of communism, the Russian Revolution and Stalin and Lenin, we certainly would not have had Versailles. As a result, we might not have had Hitler or Nazism or maybe even FDR. I mean, itâs remarkable to think about, isnât it?
(Haptopraxeology) - '..We have lost three centuries as a result of ignoring our scholars!'
|Commentaires sur New York : comment la police a disparu par New York: une explosion "intentionnelle" fait 29 blessÃ©s, dont un grave | femininisrael.com||[…] Manhattan, a fait 29 blessÃ©s, dont un grave, selon les pompiers de New York. Le maire de la ville, Bill de Blasio, a Ã©voquÃ© un « acte intentionnel ». « Il n’y a aucune […]|
|Sperm is healthiest in winter, early spring||Autumn is the time of year most associated with bumper crops of new babies, and that may be because human sperm are generally at their healthiest in winter and early spring, according to a new study from Israel.|
|Burn After Reading|
In the World of CIA Fronts, Partners, Proprietaries & Contractors
The Almost Classified Guide to CIA Front Companies, Proprietaries & Contractors
By WAYNE MADSEN
Cool Justice Editor's Note: Following are excerpts from author Madsen's introduction and the body of the work. Additional suggested reading: News story about Madsen's book via the Washington, D.C. based Justice Integrity Project [link at the bottom of this post].
From the Introduction
One of the most pervasive uses of companies as intelligence partners was under the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD. During the Cold War, the CIA, often with the approval of corporate executives, infiltrated their agents to work as journalists in newspapers, radio and television networks, wire services, and magazines. The following pages in this book are rife with examples of this penetration of the Fourth Estate â all too many in the opinion of this journalist. The CIA admitted to at least 400 journalists on the agencyâs payroll at the height of MOCKINGBIRD. The CIA traditionally understates its capabilities, especially when its covert activities become publicly known. Moreover, the end of the Cold War did not stop the practice of the CIA in infiltrating the media and slant news reports to its wishes.
An insightful look behind the veils of secrecy into the CIAâs use of fronts, proprietaries, and partners calls into question the purpose of the CIA. Created by President Harry S Truman to serve as a central collector and repository of intelligence, the CIA became much more than that. A few weeks after the United States witnessed the assassination of President Kennedy in the middle of downtown Dallas, Truman penned an op-ed piece that appeared in several newspapers around the country. In it, Truman shared his regret for having created the CIA in 1947:
âI think it has become necessary to take another look at the purpose and operations of our Central Intelligence AgencyâCIA . . . For some time I have been disturbed by the way CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the Government. This has led to trouble and may have compounded our difficulties in several explosive areas.
"I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment I think we have experienced are in part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role that it is being interpreted as a symbol of sinister and mysterious foreign intrigue.â
The 21st centuryâs CIAâs partners are more likely to be found among high-tech companies marketing the latest and greatest mobile applications and data mining programs than among banks, law offices, and advertising agencies. However, in the post-World War II era, the CIAâs top and middle echelons were normally found operating through cover as typewriter-pecking journalists, traveling Madison Avenue admen, corporate lawyers, and chain-smoking oilmen. In the 1970s and 80s, CIA contractors and partners began showing up in the high-tech field, with database, local area networking, and on-line information retrieval systems attracting the most interest by Langley.
As this book went to press, the smart phone game application PokÃ©mon Go fad was sweeping the planet. Unbeknownst to many of the on-line gameâs avid fanâs was the connection of the gameâs developers to the CIAâs venture capital firm IN-Q-TEL. All users saw their geo-location and other smart phone data being swept up by a CIA partner firm.
Amazon, Inc. [CIA contractor]. Company provides cloud computing services for the CIA. Amazonâs CEO Jeff Bezos also owns The Washington Post.
American Historical Society. [CIA partner]. Many society officials were OSS/CIA officers.
American Press Institute. [CIA front]. Operating out of Columbia University, the instituteâs director in the 1950s was a CIA officer.
AmeriCares. [CIA partner]. A non-profit organization that is often the âfirst inâ at refugee situations. Founded by tycoon J. Peter Grace, a board chairman of the CIA front, the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD) and a trustee of another CIA front, the American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism, AmeriCares was involved in funding the Nicaraguan contras. The group has also provided the CIA with recruiting opportunities at mass refugee sites, particularly in Latin America and Asia.
Bechtel Corporation. [CIA contractor]. Bechtel is a large construction company that has included former CIA director Richard Helms, CIA pseudonym âFletcher M. Knight,â among its executive ranks. Bechtel was active in providing corporate cover for the OSS in the Middle East during World War II. Bechtel has been a consummate service company for various CIA operations, including support for the CIA-inspired coup against the Syrian government in 1949, the Iranian government of Prime Minister Mohamed Mossadeq in 1953, and President Sukarno of Indonesia in 1965. From the 1960s to the 1970s, Bechtel provided cover for CIA agents in Libya under both the regime of King Idris and his successor, Muammar Qaddafi. Sometimes called a âsecret armâ of the CIA, Bechtelâs executives included those who would join President Reaganâs Cabinet, including Secretary of State George Schultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.
Before World War II, Steve Bechtel formed a military-industrial complex partnership with John McCone. McCone later became the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and later, director of the CIA. The CIA has used Bechtel to provide cover for non-official cover CIA operatives abroad.
Blackstone Investment Group. [CIA front]. With offices in Washington, DC and Moscow, arranged for the purchase of KGB documents following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Among the documents sought by the front company were any related to illegal CIA activities during the Cold War, including the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restaurant. [CIA front]. Opened in 1967 in Kingâs Cross in Sydney, Australia. Served as a rendezvous point for CIA, Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO), and organized crime figures. Its proprietor was Bernie Houghton, a CIA operative with links to Nugan Hand Bank, CIA weapons smuggler Edwin Wilson, and CIA clandestine services officers Theodore Shackley, Rafael Quintero, and Thomas Clines.
Center for Democracy. [CIA front]. Administered under the aegis of Boston University, the center maintained offices in Boston, Washington, DC, Guatemala City, and Strasbourg, France. Involved in CIA operations in eastern Europe, Central America, and Africa.
Colt Patent Firearms Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Hartford, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.
Daddario & Burns. [CIA partner]. Headed by former OSS officer Emilio Daddario, a Democratic Representative from Connecticut, the Hartford-based law firm provided services to the CIA.
DC Comics. [CIA partner]. Worked with the International Military Information Group (IMIG), a joint CIA/Pentagon unit at the State Department, to disseminate propaganda comic books, featuring Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman, in Serbo-Croatian and Albanian, to youth in the Balkans during the military conflicts in that region.
Disney Corporation. [CIA partner]. CIA agents who were adept at creating front companies and shell corporations in Florida, worked closely with Disney in preparation for the construction of Disney World near Orlando, Florida. OSS veteran âWild Billâ Donovan and CIA shell company expert Paul Helliwell helped create two fake Florida cities, Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, as well as a number of shell corporations, to keep secret the plans for Disney World. This kept land prices low because real estate speculators were unaware of the prospective value of the land in a desolate area of central Florida.
Emory School of Medicine. [CIA partner]. Located in Atlanta, Georgia. Involved in the CIAâs MK-ULTRA behavioral modification project.
Enron Corporation [CIA partner]. Houston-based firm that was used by the CIA to provide commercial cover for its agents around the world. There were at least 20 CIA employees on Enronâs payroll. Andre Le Gallo, a former official of the CIAâs Operations Directorate, went to work as a corporate intelligence officer for Enron.
Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). [CIA front]. Officially established by American Trotskyists, the group was penetrated by CIA operatives. The FPCC New Orleans office was a CIA front that provided cover for the anti-Fidel Castro activities of Lee Harvey Oswald, Clay Shaw, and David Ferrie, among others. The New Orleans FPCC office was located at 544 Camp Street and shared the same building entrance with Guy Banister Associates, Inc., a private detective agency, the address for which was 531 Lafayette Street and around the corner from 544 Camp Street.
In December 1963, after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the FPCC ceased all U.S. operations.
General Electric Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Fairfield, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.
General Foods Corporation. [CIA partner]. Advertising account at CIAâs Robert Mullen Company handled by an active CIA employee.
Google, Inc. [CIA partner]. Developed as a result of a research grant by the CIA and Pentagon to Stanford Universityâs Department of Computer Science. The CIA referred to the research as the âgoogle project.â
Greenberg Traurig. [CIA partner]. Washington, DC âconnectedâ law firm.
Guy Banister Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New Orleans private detective agency headed by former FBI agent Guy Banister. The detective agency coordinated the activities of various anti-Castro Cuban groups in New Orleans, including Banisterâs own Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean, as well as the Cuban Revolutionary Council, the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front, Friends of Democratic Cuba, and the Crusade to Free Cuba Committee.
Banister and Associates shared office space with the CIAâs New Orleans front, the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, headed by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Hale and Dorr. [CIA partner]. Boston-based law firm that provided cover for CIAâs Independence and Brown Foundations.
Halliburton. [CIA contractor]. Based in Houston, it is the worldâs largest oil service company. Recipient of a number of CIA sole-source contracts for services worldwide.
Harper and Row, Inc. [CIA partner]. Manuscripts submitted to the New York publisher that dealt with intelligence matters, particularly CIA operations, were turned over to the CIA for censoring edits before publication.
Hewlett Packard Corporation. [CIA partner]. Sold computers to Iraq for Saddam Husseinâs missile program with the knowledge and approval of the CIA.
Hill & Knowlton. [CIA partner]. Public relations firm that teamed with the CIA on a number of operations. Hill & Knowltonâs numerous offices abroad provided cover for CIA agents. One known Hill & Knowlton office that was a CIA front operation was in Kuala Lumpur.
Kerr-McGee. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating overseas.
Kissinger Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New York-based international consulting firm founded by former Secretary of State and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger. Former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft is a co-owner. The firm provided support to the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation and the Bilderberg Group. Much of the 1982 seed money for Kissinger Associates was provided by Goldman Sachs.
Knight Foundation. [CIA partner]. Also known as the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. Based in Miami, the foundation provides funding for various CIA-connected media operations in the United States and around the world.
Kroll Inc. [CIA partner]. Founded in 1972 by Jules Kroll, who had links to both U.S. and Israeli intelligence. Based in Manhattan. French domestic law enforcement believed Krollâs Paris office was a CIA front. Kroll handled the security for the World Trade Center after the 1993 terrorist bombing and continued to be responsible for security up to, during, and after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. Kroll employed former FBI assistant director for counter-terrorism John OâNeill, who died in the collapse of the World Trade Center.
Lincoln Savings and Loan. [CIA partner]. Based in Irvine, California and headed by notorious swindler Charles Keating, Jr., involved in laundering funds for the Iran-contra scandal.
Lone Star Cement Corporation. [CIA partner]. Based in Stamford, Connecticut and linked to the Bush family, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad. Involved in the Iran-contra scandal.
Mary Carter Paint Company. [CIA front]. A money-laundering operation for the CIA. Involved in casinos in the Bahamas.
Monsanto. [CIA partner]. The firm contracted with former CIA official Cofer Blackâs Total Intelligence Solutions (TIS), a subsidiary of the CIA-connected Blackwater USA, later Xe Services, to monitor animal rights groups, anti-genetically modified (GM) food activists, and other groups opposed to Monsantoâs agri-business operations worldwide.
National Enquirer. [CIA partner]. The tabloidâs founder, Generoso (Gene) Pope, Jr., worked for the CIAâs psychological warfare unit and the agencyâs Italy branch in 1950. In 1952, Pope acquired The New York Enquirer broadsheet and transformed it into a tabloid, renaming it The National Enquirer. This transformation bore the imprimatur of the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program.
Newsweek. [CIA partner]. Magazine reporters and stringers fed information to the CIA. Newsweekâs stringers in southeastern Europe and the Far East were CIA agents. When Newsweek was bought by The Washington Post Company in 1961, cooperation between the magazine and the CIA increased. It was a participant in the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program. Much of the staff of Newsweek was absorbed into a new online publication, The Daily Beast, which continues to disseminate CIA-influenced articles. See Washington Post.
Nieman Foundation. [CIA partner]. Located at Harvard University, the foundation awarded Nieman Fellowships, some on behalf of the CIA, for foreign journalists to study at Harvard. The journalists were subjected to CIA recruitment efforts prior to their returning to their home countries.
Pamela Martin & Associates. [CIA partner], Escort firm run by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the so-called âDC Madam.â During her 2008 trial for mail fraud, Palfrey attempted to invoke the Classified Information Procedures Act in order to discuss her relationship with the CIA. The U.S. Court refused Palfreyâs request and she was convicted and later said to have committed suicide before her sentencing hearing in Washington, DC. One of her clients was Randall Tobias, the head of the CIA-connected USAID. Another was Louisiana Republican senator David Vitter.
Paris Review. [CIA front]. Literary magazine edited by George Plimpton. Published works by Jack Kerouac and Samuel Beckett. The magazineâs co-founder, Peter Matthiessen, relied on his affiliation with the magazine as his CIA cover.
Quaker Oats Company. [CIA partner]. Worked with the CIA and Atomic Energy Commission to place trace amounts of radiation in breakfast cereal served to boys at the Fernald School for the mentally retarded in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Radio Corporation of America. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Iran, Philippines, Japan, and West Germany. Provided technical assistance to CIA-financed clandestine and propaganda radio stations worldwide, including Radio Free Europe. RCA founder David Sarnoff was a major supporter of CIA operations, including propaganda dissemination around the world. RCA chairman and chief executive officer Thornton F. Bradshaw was active in the operations of the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation.
Reily Coffee Company. [CIA partner]. Also known as William B. Reily Coffee Company and based in New Orleans, this company employed Lee Harvey Oswald and a number of other U.S. government employees, many of whom were suspected CIA officers.
Robert M. Mullen Company. [CIA proprietary]. A Washington, DC public relations firm, it was used as a front for CIA activities. E. Howard Hunt, the CIA agent, worked for Robert Mullen when he was arrested in the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington in 1972. The Senate Watergate Committee reported that âthe Mullen and Company has maintained a relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency since its incorporation in 1959. It provided covers for agents in Europe (Stockholm), Latin America (Mexico City), and the Far East (Singapore) at the time of the Watergate break-in.â
Rockefeller Foundation. [CIA partner]. Used by the CIA to direct scholarships and grants to the Third World and Eastern Europe. Rockefeller Foundation money was funneled to the American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE), created in 1948. The chairman of ACUE was OSS chief William J. Donovan and the vice chairman was Allen Dulles. One of ACUEâs board members was Walter Bedell Smith, the first CIA director.
Summa Corporation. [CIA partner]. Owned by Howard Hughes, Summa is believed to have skimmed gambling profits from the Sands, Desert Inn, Frontier, Silver Slipper, Castaways, and Landmark casinos in Las Vegas and Haroldâs Club in Reno for the CIA and the Mafia. Provided financial cover for the CIAâs Glomar Explorer project.
Teneo Intelligence. [CIA partner]. Branch of Teneo Holdings, which is headquartered in New York. Teneo Holdingsâs intelligence branch includes former CIA officials. Teneo is closely linked to former President Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton. Teneo Intelligence has offices in New York, London, Rome, Brussels, Dubai, Bogota, New Delhi, and Tokyo.
Texas Commerce Bank (TCB). [CIA partner]. Houston-based bank founded by the family of James Baker III. Texas Commerce Bank was used to provide commercial cover for CIA agents. After serving as vice president for Texas Commerce Bank in Caracas from 1977 to 1979, Jeb Bush joined his fatherâs presidential campaign in 1980. Serving with Bush on the campaign was Robert Gambino, the CIA deputy director of security who gave Bush his orientation brief at Langley in 1977.
Kenneth Lay, the chairman of Enron, which had its own links to the CIA, served on the board of Texas Commerce Bank. Texas Commerce Bank was acquired by Chemical Bank in 1987.
The bank provided major loans to Howard Hughesâs Summa Corporation. See Summa Corporation.
United Fruit Company [CIA partner]. Involved in 1954 CIA overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz government in Guatemala. Published the Latin America Report, a publication that was a CIA front used for clandestine activities. The CIA transferred weapons to United Fruit employees in Guatemala who were involved in undermining the Arbenz government. The joint CIA-United Fruit plan was code named OPERATION FORTUNE. Company provided an airfield in Guatemala for the CIAâs training of Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.
U.S. Rubber Company. [CIA partner]. Headquartered in Naugatuck, Connecticut and later called Uniroyal, provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad. Included those operating under the cover of the Dominion Rubber Company of Canada, a subsidiary of U.S. Rubber Company.
U.S. Youth Council (USYC). [CIA front]. Founded in 1945 and based in New York. Some 90 percent of its funds came from the CIA. USYC received funding from the Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs (FYSA), a CIA front. The USYC was composed of American Youth Hostels, Camp Fire Girls, 4-H, American Unitarian Youth, National Catholic Welfare Conference, National Students Assembly, YMCA and YWCA.
Wackenhut. [CIA contractor]. Wackenhut, a Palm Beach Gardens, Florida-based security firm, stood accused of providing the CIA with specialized services around the world, including Chile, Greece, and El Salvador. Its Venezuelan branch, Wackenhut Venezolana, C.A., was accused in 2002 of involvement in the CIAâs coup against President Hugo Chavez. William Casey served as Wackenhutâs outside counsel before becoming CIA director in 1981.
Wackenhut eventually merged into the global security firm G4S.
Washington Post. [CIA partner]. The Washington Post was part of the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD, the agencyâs media influence project. Post publisher Phil Graham was a close friend and associate of MOCKINGBIRD chief Frank Wisner, Sr. and CIA director Allen Dulles. Wisner assisted Graham in acquiring The Washington Times-Herald and WTOP radio, creating a sizable CIA-influenced media operation in the nationâs capital.
W. R. Grace. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Latin America. Provided donations to CIA front foundations.
|Burning through the Desert|
A few months ago (the last day of April, to be exact, which was also the first day of my Orientals week-long course), I had the pleasure and honour to host a special guest throughout the day: Dan Riegler of Apothecary's Garden - a purveyor of fair trade resins from around the world - especially frankincense and myrrh that are wild crafted in the traditional methods in countries such as Somalia, Yemen and Kenya. He also sources Cretan labdanum, and other rare raw materials, and sells resin-centrered products that he concocts himself, which you can find on his online shop. One of them being a highly fragrant moustache wax which basically surrounded him with a cloud of frankincense - so obviously he made an instant good impression on me!
We started the day at the Baha'i Gardens in Akko (which deserve a full post dedicated to them) and then went to my studio to make incense - and burn a bunch too. Little did I know what I was signing up for. On top of the usual things I burn for this class (palo santo chips, sandalwood incense sticks, one type of myrrh and frankincense resins and my own rendition of Egyptian Kyphi) - Dan had a trunk-load of resins that he just imported from Africa, and was immensely kind and generous to share with us the most incredible incense resins with me and my class. We spent the afternoon burning rare myrrh, olibanum, and also some gums I never knew existed, namely Sandarac and Ammoniacum, the latter of which totally blew my mind.
I learned so much from Dan, about the resins (and the other raw materials he curates and sells), how they are harvested and collected, the chemical makeup of the resins and how it affects the stages of burning (it turns out that incense resins also have top, heart and base notes) - and this post is just a little taste of all the beautiful resins we burnt when he was here. I'm looking forward to meeting him again on his next visits in Israel on the way to the African continent.
Frankincense usually comes in "tears" shape as this Boswellia carterii - but not always. Below is a specimen of the less known B. neglecta that look more like a chunk of resinous granules. B. carterii has the characteristic, most unmistakable scent of frankincense - beginning with sweet citrus notes of lemon drops and orange candy and continuing into more resinous, woody and even balsamic, caramel-like nuances as the incense burns on the charcoal.
While looking pretty much the same, other frankincense species provide further nuances and a whole frankincense burning comparative study (or incense games a-la Japenese Koh-Doh) can easily occupy half a day. Compare this to Maydi (Boswellia frereana) which albeit its slightly herbaceous (sage-like) opening, is more subtle, woody and perfumey. In fact, it smells almost powdery like violet and iris. Ethiopian frakincince (Boswellia papyrifea) is even finer with its suave, light perfume notes, slightly sweet and with notes of burnt sugar at the end of the charcoal burning process.
Boswellia neglecta is endemic to north Kenya and comes in white and black forms (as you can see in the photo) and is not widely known. The white and the black smell significantly different. The white begins resinous-green, piney and mysterious, surprisingly juice like crushed leaves with hints of parsley, galbanum and ammonia (smells a lot like amoniacum). It has a hint of sweaty note, a little like coriander seed. The final burning moments bring to mind the smoke coming out of autumnal piles of fall leaves.
The black neglecta smells completely different - you wouldn't think it came from the same plant: it smells dark and looming, like moss, mushrooms, decaying fall leaves, peat, forest floor and hints of campfire. It's surprising and magical that a resin can possess so many different facets.
Sandarac (tetraclllyris) comes from Malta and just like its pure milky appearance, burns clean with a woody-balsamic-resinous scent that is fine and very pleasant. It's a little bit like elemi, a little like mastic but not quite. There is a tiny hint of seashore to it that I only detected after many times of burning. It is quite lovely, even if underwhelming at first impression.
Ammoniacum is intense and pungent, like a mixture of galbanum, asafoetida, sulphur, greens. It it a very interesting odour but I suspect it would have better effect in magic and exorcism ceremonies rather than contemplative incense rituals.
Commiphora confusa, as the name suggests, is a type of myrrh that is hard to identify, and for several reasons: the flowers look different on each plant, the resin looks different as well - and the most surprising of all: it smells more like frankincense than myrrh.
Commiphora myrrha (from Ethiopea) has the characteristic bitter, rubbery scent when burnt, and is what I'd imagine the Queen of Sheba to wear on her neck when seducing King Solomon.
Commiphora kataf (from Kenya) has pieces of wood in it (which would change the smell of the smoke depending on which chunk you burn). It has a strange, sulphuric-sweaty odour. I guess you could call it spicy, as it has a hint of cumin in it too. Overall it reminds me more of the smell of food than incense - barbecuing kebabs comes to mind.
Commiphora holtziana does not smell like myrrh at all to me. It's more woody than C. myrrha, and a tad fresh to start with. Dan describes it as briny and sea-like but I'm not getting it.
Arabian/Yemeni Myrrh is by far the most incredibly beautiful myrrh resin I've ever burnt. Although it came in a strange looking chunk, containing pieces of the plastic bags used by the collectors, and even a piece of wool yarn, it has the most fantastic scent, like a perfume on its own accord. It reminds me of the unique "version" of frankincense that B. papyrifea offers. I would love to have this as an essential oil and create a perfume with it.
There is a little confusion around the name "Za'atar" and what exactly does it refer to: A condiment? A spice mix? An herb? And if so - which herb exactly - Hyssop? Thyme? Oregano? Marjoram?
The truth is that za'atar is an Arabic word used interchangeably for a number of wild herbs that grow wild in the Mediterranean region, and all contain thymol and carvacrol. Hence their similar sharp and warm aroma, bitter taste and spicy, almost hot "bite". They also share similar medicinal properties, most of them used in folk medicine for most digestive ailments and respiratory complaints. The mixture known to us as "Za'atar" is in fact a misnomer. Za'atar is originally the name of the plant now classified as Origanum syriacum, but in Arabic it is loosely applied to several other related wild and not so wild herbs.
The name for the condiment is in fact "doukka" (pronounced often as "Do-ak" with a very throaty "K" that almost sounds like an "A" so in reality the word sounds more like "Do-ah"). In Arabic this means "to grind". Each region in the Arab world has its own "Doukka", which is either sprinkled on food, or more commonly covered in olive oil to which the traditional regional bread is dipped. For example - Egypt has a complex nut-based doukka with toasted hazelnuts or walnuts, to which toasted or untoasted spices such as cumin, coriander seeds, green peppercorns and sweet fennel have been added.
In the Levant "doukka" happens to be made primarily of a mixture of thymol-containing herbs, with "The" Za'atar (Origanum syriacum) being the star of the show. Lesser amounts of other herbs, will be added - the most important of which are "Za'atar Farsi" (winter savory), Israeli Thyme (Corydothymus capitatus), Zuta ×××× ××× × ( Micromeria fruiticosa barbata), a delicate wild white mint known in English as White-Leaved Savory (which does not even belong to the savory genus, but to micromeria because of its tiny leaves). Common oregano (Origanum vulgare) makes a good addition, albeit cannot substitute for the real Za'atar or Syrian oregano if you actually know the real deal. Likewise, marjoram and thyme can also make a good addition but not be at the centre. Even though their profiles are similar - there are some nuances that will be lost if using only the garden variety oreganos and thymes and none of the wild stuff.
Many other things can be added to the mix, the most important being sumac berries (Rhus coriaria) for their wonderful salty-sour flavour, and toasted sesame seeds for their pop-in-the-mouth nuttiness. But you'll also find spices sometimes, including more obscure ones such as butum (Ø¨Ø·Ù ) - toasted terebinth fruits (Pistachia palestina), which are really like tiny pistachios with the outer red peel intact. I've got a few of those drying right now, because I've never seen them in any market before and I'm very curious how they taste as a spice.
The following are several authentic Za'atar recipes I've collected - and of course you are welcome to browse google's universe of shared recipes, but be cautious of a few things if you want to make an authentic za'atar:
1) Use actual Origanum syriacum even if a generic "oregano" is called for
2) Do not by any stretch of the imagination use "fresh" leaves. They must be dried first. And only then will you grind them up with the rest of the ingredients. This is a dried herb and spice mix. Not a fresh herb concoction.
3) Usage of salt, although found in many recipes, seems very superfluous to me, unless you are not using sumac berries. These have a unique taste - equally salty and tangy. The whole point of using them is so you do not need to use salt. Likewise, using citric acid is a way to fake the sumac effect. Which I'm not quit sure why would anyone do that aside from laziness. Sumac berries are difficult to grind manually (or even in a coffee grinder) - but you can find ground sumac easily in many spice shops and markets.
When shopping for pre-made spice mixes, or any ground spices for that matter, the main culprit is adulteration and using old raw material that are "dressed up" as authentic. It's hard to teach someone who've never tasted or smelled za'atar what to look for, but some things are a telling sign. For example: if you don't see the dark maroon red and still taste salt or tanginess, it is probably from salt and citrus acid, and not from the (missing) red sumac berries. Secondly, another visual sign - za'atar leaves are rather grey in colour when dried, so any other colour you see (olive green) is either food colouring or a combination of other types of "za'atar" herbs (i.e.: thyme, za'atar farsi, etc.). Best sign is by taste - if it taste like dust (and looks like dust) it's either too old or just a fake.
I suggest you start with the most basic three ingredients, and then play with the proportions and adding other herbs and/or spices. You can even start with equal amount of za'atar leaves, sumac and sesame and adjust to taste.
Safta Ada's Za'atar Recipe
This is my mom's handmade recipe that she would make from wild harvested za'atar (before it was illegal to pick any) and would even send it to Vancouver so I can enjoy a taste of home.
1 cup dried za'atar leaves, coarsely crushed between your palms, or pounded with mortar and pestle to a finer powder
4 Tbs ground sumac berries (I suggest you purchase them pre-ground, otherwise their seeds can break your teeth!)
2 Tbs toasted brown sesame seeds, whole
May Bsisu wrote an excellent book, The Arab Table, which I highly recommend, and it includes a unique Palestinian style of za'atar that includes caraway:
10oz oregano (I assume she means za'atar)
3 Tbs sumac, ground
1/4 cup toasted sesame seeds
2-1/2 Tbs coarse salt
1/2 tsp allspice, ground
1/4 tsp caraway seeds, ground
Easy Lebanese Recipes provides a "Traditional Rich Recipe" for za'atar that I'm compelled to try, with dried za'atar, roasted sesame, sumac, marjoram, coriander, cumin, cinnamon, fennel, aniseed and salt.
Mamma's Lebanese Kitchen recipe contains thyme, marjoram, sumac, sesame, cumin, coriander, fennel, cinnamon and salt.
How to consume za'atar?
Use your za'atar mixed with olive oil as a dip for bread, on top of labneh (strained yoghurt cheese) or as a substitute for butter under any other soft or hard cheese, avocado, etc.
It's also a nice addition to salads, and for baking fish or poultry. I also like to add it to chickpeas that I fry whole in olive oil, after they've been cooked and drained.
Fresh za'atar leaves come in late winter and can be enjoyed all through spring, and can be fried in olive oil much like tender sage leaves and become this wonderful crispy topping for fresh bread, pasta, roasted vegetables, etc. Also, they can be used as they are in salads (May Bsisu has a recipe for fresh oregano salad in that book as well), with lots of onion and tomatoe. The Druze use it to season the dough or the fillings for various savoury pastries, such as sambusak (a flatbread that is folded in half to conceal a thin layer of highly seasoned stuffing, and baked in the tabun) and fatayer (little dough pockets filled with cheese), and the dried whole leaves can be used much like oregano in meat and pasta sauces, in soups, stews, breads, etc.
Now, let's explore the Za'atar "group" of plants:
Ezov (the Hebrew word for the Biblical Hyssop - not the European Hyssopus officials which is also a medicinal plant, and produces a rather toxic essential oil), which is now classified as an oregano, Origanum syriacum (formerly Majorana syriaca). Like many of the other aromatic plants from the Lamiaceae family, za'atar has a winter and spring foliage and a summer foliage, which is smaller in order to preserve water and survive the long arid season. I suspect the essential oils also aid with the survival of these plants in such harsh conditions - because whenever they are grown in regions where the water is more abundant (British Columbia, for example) - their flavour is largely lacking. What you see above is the luscious winter "look", which features soft and larger leaves, and their colour is much greener, and therefore more similar to the common oregano (Origanum vulgare).
Za'atar Farsi (meaning Persian Za'atar), or as it is called in Hebrew ×¦×ª×¨× ××¨××× - Tzatra Vruda (Pink Tzatra) which really is winter or mountain savory (Satureja montana). Its long needle-like leaves have a sharp, spicy taste. When we were growing up my mom would spice the egg for French Toast with them and make them literally savoury.
Mediterranean Thyme (Thymbra spicata), in Hebrew ×¦×ª×¨× ××ª ××©××××ª Tzatranit Meshubelet is also called in Arabic "Za'atar farsi", and has a very similar leaf shape (only a bit longer, narrower and softer) and almost identical odour and aroma profile. It has flowers that look a bit more like chaffs of wheat (not unlike those of Lavandula dentata, and is even more rare to find than Satureja montana.
Corydothymus capitatis / Thymus capitatus / Thymbra capitata) or in Hebrew Koranit Mekurkefet ×§××¨× ××ª ××§××¨×§×¤×ª is also known by many other names - Israeli oreganum (oil), Cretan thyme, Corido thyme, Headed savory, Thyme of the Ancient, Conehead thyme and most commonly - Spanish Oregano (even though it is not classified as "origanum"). This oil is what is often sold as "oregano oil", by the way. This is now a rare plant that in our area grows only along the rocky seashores of the North Coast leading to Lebanon. The leaves are tiny and sharp, like a miniature version of the Pink Tzatra, but they grow more dense and close together to form clusters around the tip of the branches. The branches are woody-looking almost like bonsai trees that crawl all over the rocks - and the flowers tiny and purplish-pink. The aroma is clean and maybe a little more simple than that of za'atar, but also the taste is much more sharp and phenolic.
|Top of the Land|
After picking a bunch of cherries to complete our breakfast we drove to the peak of Mount Hermon (Jabal A-Sheikh) - elevation 2,224m, which is accessible with chair lifts. It was a relatively hot day but still much more pleasant than the rest of the country - somewhere around 26c or so, with a very harsh sun yet a nice dry cool breeze ever so often.
The vegetation is somewhat sparse but very special and with many varieties growing on this mountain. Some plants can be found in other northern places (for example: the now protected Wild artichoke (Gundelia tournefortii) - ×¢×××××ª ×××××, which grew in most parts of the country before), but others are endemic to this mountain alone, because of its exceptional conditions and placement. It is covered in snow all winter, and once it melts resembles a cool desert land, covered with white rocks and with no trees in sight. Dog roses (Rosa canina) are native to Israel, but are quite a rare sight otherwise. To find a bush in full bloom at the peak of Mt. Hermon was elating. Of course, it has a heavenly fragrance.
Up on the peak, there is a sense that many of the plants here has some mysterious medicinal value, for some very specific and possibly rare conditions. I am imagining a time when climbing the mountain on foot would be a great ordeal (well, it still is - but most people use the road and then the gondola!). People would only go up the mountain for an important mission set forth by a divine guidance, a royal order, or a great and pressing need to save someone's life from a rare illness...
This poppy (Glaucium oxylobum ×¤×¨×× ×§×¨××ª/×¤×¨××× ×××§×ª ×¤×¨×), for example, is unique to Mt. Hermon and can't be found anywhere else in the country (but it can be found in high elevations - upwards of 1,100m - in the mountains of Turkey and Iran). I love its bright dual colours and contrasting "eyes". It blooms for a very long season - six months to be exact, from April when the snow melts, till the total dryness of September. There is a great variety between flowers, but they all share this startling, sudden contrasting colour change, and unusual display of three colours.
Salvia microstegia (the hairy big leaves with white flowers), the thistle-looking plant is Cousinia hermonis (×§××¡×× ×× ××¨××× ××ª), the yellow flowers are of Alyssum baumgartnerianum Bornm. (××××¡×× ××¨××× ×), AKA madwort. It is not the only yellow flower found on Mt Hermon - so don't confuse it with Lebanese St. John's Wort (Hypericum libanoticum) in Hebrew - ×¤×¨×¢ ××× ×× ×, or with the two types of Achilea that grow there - Achillea biebersteinii (×××××× ×§×× ×ª-×¤×¨×××) and the endemic Achillea falcata (×××××× ××¤××¨×).
There might also be a type of catnip (× ×¤××ª ×§×××§××ª?) Nepata - of some kind that I'm yet to completely ID), or a horehound in the pic. Which also reminds me of the unusual Lebanese horehound (Marrubium libanoticum Boiss) - in Hebrew ××¨××××× ×××× ××/××¨××¨ ×××× ××, which is also a highly medicinal plant.
Israel & Syria - view from above. Where the green ends Syria begins... It's sad but true, due to over-forestation and roaming in Syria, and on the other hand much planting of trees all across Israel.
Lastly, here is me and Miss T standing against this dramatic backdrop.
For those unfamiliar with the Druze culture, it is unique to the Levant (Lebanon, Syria and Israel). This minority group originated about a thousand years ago in the Ismaillia sect of early Islam, and was largely prosecuted after splitting off from it. Therefore, mate
they usually dwell on mountains and have long tradition of bravery since they've always needed to fend for themselves in a rather hostile environment. In Israel, the Druze communities are all located in the north - from Mount Carmel in the largest Druze town Daliat el Carmel and all the way up north to the Western Galilee, the Golan Heights especially around Mount Hermon.
Near my village alone there are four Druze villages - Jath, Yanuh, Yirka and Julis. We've held strong friendly relationships with our Druze neighbours. Growing up, two elders from the village Yanuh will travel on foot or by donkey and come help us build our village - they taught our parents how to built terraces from the many rocks around here so that we can grow crops along the hillsides, how to cultivate wild olives and do the grafting so the trees grow strong and bear good fruit, and we went every summer to the miller and grind our wheat (when we still grew our own), and every autumn to line up with all the other olive growers and press our olives into fine olive oil and buy handmade olive soap that was made on the spot from the pommace left from the pressing process. As the nearby village Yirka developed into a small town bustling with businesses - we go there also to do most of our shopping and other business (that's where I usually go to the ship my online orders, by the way), and continue to build business and work relations with our neighbours. My house (both the old and the new part) was built almost entirely by a Birka-Born team of construction experts who became my closest new friends since moving here, and their wives come to practice Pilates with me.
Growing up here, I remember my mom being especially enthusiastic about learning from the Druze women about the bounty of edible and medicinal wild plants around here. From them she also learned to drink olive oil in the morning on empty stomach, and how to make a special scorpion antidote (from the scorpion that stung you, fried in olive oil). I never tried either, and probably never will. But I do love to learn from them about the nearly magical properties of the plants that grow everywhere around here. It's as if there is an entire pharmacy out in the open, here in the wild.
Besides, there is much to be learned from the Druze traditional way of living, which is very family centred and values hospitality and taking the time to sit and enjoy a cup of anything - tea, coffee, and more and more coffee. The latter is served everywhere you go - from the hardware store to the mobile phone shop. And of course you can't enter a home without being invited for at least a cup of coffee, and if it's dinnertime - to break bread with the whole family.
As is widespread in all of Israel - among both the Arab and Jewish population - the Druze adore za'atar, sage and the many wild harvested and then dried herbs from around here. They are popular as digestifs or medicinal brews for various ailments or as preventative measures: wild sage, white mint, savory, wild oregano, and more are either infused on their own or added, dried or fresh, to black tea. The love for za'atar is so profound that it is even added to some sweet pastries, such as this traditional ka'akat isfar ("yellow cake") - a mildly sweet yeasted flatbread that is coloured with turmeric and additionally spiced with sesame and nigella seeds, hints of za'atar (this umbrella name could be wild oregano, savoury or thyme - more on that in another post), and hints of mysterious spices that I'm yet to identify (I detected nutmeg and perhaps even some cardamom or allspice but I can't be sure of the latter two). It has become a favourite of mine, but is never found in a pastry shop. Some families would sell their traditional homemade ka'kat isfar when they make it, and the recipes vary. The first one I tried was only spiced with turmeric. This particular version that I'm very fond of was made by a random person I met on one of my traveling tea parties, and I doubt I will be able to taste ever again. The only recipe I found that seems close is written in Arabic and I'm far from being proficient enough to follow a recipe in that language.
Many of my Vancouver perfume studio guests have been indirectly introduced to Druze culture through the special tea I would brew each winter (we fondly called it "witch brew") of dried hulnejan (a particular type of dried galangal root) and ginger roots, which is simmered forever in a large pot, simultaneously cleansing the air, warming the chest and keeping colds at bay. It is often served with pecan nuts sprinkled on top, and a lot of sugar, which is how most Druze like their teas. I personally prefer it unsweetened, and like to add cinnamon bark which has its own natural sweetness. Sometimes I would add honey but not often.
But Hulnejan is not the only interesting thing about the Druze tea culture. As it turns out, in the 19th Century, many Druze - especially from Syria - left for Argentina, and they brought back with them mate, and a special fondness for this unique South American concoction. They drink it socially, sharing the same bombilla (the silver straw), traditionally sucked from the tea which is brewed in a dried decorative gourd.
In this photo, I am holding a dainty cup of mate that was offered to me on the streets of Majdal Shams, a remote Druze village come ski tourist town on Mount Hermon (Jabal Sheikh), formerly part of Syria.
On Saturday morning, we were having a hard time finding a place to eat breakfast. The breakfast place recommended to us the night before was still closed at 8:30am - it turns out it was them who had the wedding the night before with the parade that blocked the streets) - and so we were directed by a local lady to a corner shop that sells coffee, cigarettes, local cherries and freshly whipped before your eyes malyukh (Druze flat bread that is baked on top of a saj - an iron dome much like an upside down wok) on top of open fire. The bread is baked only on one side, than folded and smeared with generous amounts of labneh (soft cheese made from strained yoghurt), za'atar mixture, and homemade hot sauce that I swear was spiked with cinnamon. We were also offered black tea "on the house" which turned to be fragrant with "Ootra" - Arabic for the popular Pelargonium graveness. The lady was impressed with my Arabic (very basic, but still better than nothing) and even more so that I recognized what she put in the tea and know the Arabic name for it.
I chatted her up as I was munching on the malyukh and sipping the tea, and learned that while Majdal Shams is not as big as Yirka - it is a lot more "modern" to her words. There is a high percentage of post-secondary education, most of which was acquired in Syria, where up until the civil war was offered for free to all Syrian citizens. As a background - you should know that up until 1967, the Golan Heights and Mt. Hermon, including the four Druze villages there - Majdal Shams, Mas'ade, Ein Kiniya and Buq'ata - were under Syrian rule, and their culture is quite different than what you'll find in the Galilee. One thinks of the border between Israel and Syria (sworn enemies since the establishment of the state of Israeli in 1948) as hermetically sealed, but in fact there was a dynamic flow of the Druze population between the countries - especially for weddings and for family reunions, but also for studying abroad. This lady's brother lived in Syria for many years - he went there to study medicine, got married and lived there until the war started, and then requested to return, and came back to Israel via Jordan with his wife and their children.
We finished our delicious breakfast, thanked the lady and crossed the street to where our car was parked, right in front of a bakery (the only other place that was already open by 9am). In front of it, two ladies sat on a bench and a couple of upside-down plastic grocery boxes, boiling water on a portable gas stove and sipping non other than mate from a dainty little jug. I was so astonished I could not hold my gasp of delight. In return, they offered me to sit down and join them, rinsing the bombilla with boiled water from the kettle and pouring fresh water over and over the mate to bring out the flavour time and again. I was so thrilled that even though we're only two hours drive from home, and are already experiencing new culture that is so different yet invites us to share a cup of tea together.
I had a couple of jugs of mate with them and thanked the big spirit that's in this world that encouraged me to finally set up on my tea journey.
|Tea with Pan|
When arriving in the arid, volcanic and mine-dotted land of the Golan Heights, it is hard to imagine that within it hides some of the most luxurious water resources of the country.
The strip of lush green in the midst of dead, dry grasses is in fact the creekside forest of the Banias creek. It is named after the Greek goat-god, Pan (Arabic does not have the letter "P" so it was replaced over the years with a "B" and stayed that way) , and the city of Panias that dwelled around its springs at the foothill of Mount Hermon (all the snow that melts penetrates the earth and comes out of these springs, and some others, into three creeks - Haztbani, Banias and Dan, which later joint forces to become the Joradn river). And inside that greenery hide sites such as this lovely waterfall:
We took two separate hikes, one to the Banias Fall (seen above) and another to the Banias Springs and the Temple of Pan. In contrast to the heat and dryness above the creek's canyon, it is hard to imagine a more befitting place for worshipping the green god Pan. You truly can feel the presence of the life force running through the creek, and even eighteen years in water-rich BC does not taint the wonder at such sight. The vegetation is spectacular, and includes side by side fig trees and Syrian maples, carobs, oaks and even ferns that grow alongside the pebbled creek and on the waterfall's rocks. There is a hanging trail there for part of the hike as well. And one more interesting point is a colony of rock hyrax that not only saw from up-close, but also smelled their dungy droppings - a mixture of civet, castoreum and maybe even a little bit of funky smell of goat droppings... you can see one of these creatures (a youngster) hiding among the carob tree's nooks and crannies, in the photo below. It looks a little bit like a squirrel because it is so blurry - but it does not have the typical long tail. Or any tail at all, for that matter.
Our second hike began at the springs of the Panias and the sacred area of the Temple of Pan which in fact are the ruins of three ancient Greek temples that were the core of the city of Panias): One for Pan, which is in the cave you can see in the photo of the springs, to which goats were sent as sacrifice, to ask Pan to bless the livestocks with fertility and health. Goats that disappeared in the river were considered to be received; those who left traces of blood were signs for trouble and prayers that were not accepted. Next to it was a temple for Zeus. And on the very far right - the temple and gravesite for the dancing holy goats. I am assuming these are the ones that were received as sacrifice. There are many other sites and remains along the Banias creek, namely a Druze prophet's graveyard at the top of the cave for Pan (Nabi Khader, which is their name for the prophet Eliyahu AKA Elijah), Agripas' palace, an old flour mill (operated by the creek), a synagogue, and more. The caves below formerly had statues of Pan and other gods and goddesses.
I was overjoyed by the wonderful smell of fig leaves, so green, fresh and slightly milky. The true scent characteristics of any watery area in Israel. And also there were maple trees, some reaching giant proportions, with many impressive hollows and hiding places. Fig leaves and cool creek's pebbles are a classic scent combination, made entirely by nature... I wish I could bottle that!
As we walked towards the old mill and Agripas' palace, we found a cool, shady spot to brew a cup of tea. And speaking of classic combinations: I brewed lemon verbena tea, and poured the concoction into my gourd to make a truly South American mate. Lemon verbena (Aloysia citriodora) also originates in Argentina. We enjoyed it with some halva and ka'akat isfar which I will tell you more about at a later post. My only regret is not having more cups and not inviting the American tourists that sat next to us to catch their breath. Something to think about for party.
|My New Love|| |
They met by the sandstone cliff overlooking the Mediterranean sea and the Lebanese border. He was there waiting for her for a while, and already found entire colonies of Coridothymus capitatus (Israeli Thyme). He held the little sprigs gently to her nose, allowing her to inhale its clean, warm, spicy, wild scent of mountains; exotic yet at the same time with the strong homecoming reassurance of za'atar in all its mundane glory.
Under the sandstone cliff there was a half-cave, protected from the wind and from prying eyes. And there he lay a straw mat and simmered water in a portable kettle with an improvised wooden handle on his little gas burner. From his knapsack he extracted what seems like a whole apothecary - little containers of dried herbs from his garden, raw brown sugar, yerbamate.
In they went, after he carefully examined each herb, as if communing shortly to see if it's the right leaf or twig, recalling the exact branch from which he picked them and which sunny spot in the garden they soaked up their healing powers: marjoram...wild white mint...thymbra...lemongrass... sensing which is right for this evening of almost-full-moon, and finishing off with the delicate spearmint, so it does not scorch.
This entire brew was then poured into a fine little gourd finjan which was packed with dry mate. They sipped it from a delicate silver straw - savouring the mingled herbs and the astringent, tobacco-like mate.
The almost-full-moon lit the top of the salty waves with white streaks of light, competing with the red dots that lit along the sea-border. Maybe that is the time when love potions are supposed to be taken. When the moon is only almost full, so there can be a rerun the next night and the next?
Slowly their hearts opened and got closer. Or maybe it was just the poison of thymol seeping in through their veins and making them more brave than common sense would suggest. Or perhaps it was a metaphoric counter balance to the two dark silhouettes of the IDF navy boat patrolling the north frontier, approaching each other, ignoring each other, merging with one another. Blacking out.
Whether the thymol is their poison or medicine, they're yet to find out. For now let them enjoy the salty air mingled with juicy watermelon and coridothymus' floral, warm and cleansing purifying aura that erases from the heart all such worries.
|My Little Herb Garden|
The last two weeks I've delved right into exploring the medicinal wild plants that grow around here. For a short time I had a herbalist to show and share with me some of this wealth of plant wisdom. Now that this guide is gone, I'm lead only by the pleasantly infectious inspiration. There is an overwhelming abundance that is going to provide me with a lifetime of learning (according to Floral Palestina, this land is blessed with close to 2,700 species of wild plants!). I've been hiking in the surrounding areas and conservatively collecting branches for slips and re-planting in my little herbal garden. This of course will is part of the Perfumer's Botanical Garden I'm establishing around the studio.
I'm showing you the early beginning, although they look quite unimpressive on camera. In person they have the charm of new beginnings as well as virgin strip of land and stony terrain and distant view of the Mediterranean; I am also delighted by the gentle healing energy that emanates from the plants for those who connect to these types of being. And for those who find it more difficult to connect to plants that way - the scents that each provide speak for themselves. Even a little stroke on each plant will give off the scent and you can mix and match to create your own "finger perfume".
From the wild, I've adopted some amazing plants - both old and new to me, that grow on the mountain behind my house. So all in all, my botanical collection is rapidly growing - even beyond the original wishlist I've created. And I'm rather happy with it.
From my slip foraging, I managed to keep alive a couple of types of germanders - Cretan germander (Teucrium creticum), which looks a lot like rosemary but smells completely different - more like olive leaf, actually, and likewise has an intensely bitter taste; and cat-thyme germander (Teucrium capitatum), which has a sweet, almost resinous fragrant silvery foliage. The latter is highly medicinal and rivals only the local wild sage (Salvia fruticosa), more of the Savory of Crete (Satureja thymbra) and a similar plant, with an almost identical flavour and fragrance that has flowers with a structure similar to Lavandula dentata, which is called Spiked Savoury (Thymbra spicata). It would be difficult to find information online in English on many of these plants because they are unique to Israel. I've also adopted some cistus plants, although they are not the Cistus ladaniferus I am seeking but two other local species that are not as resinous, yet somewhat fragrant depending on the season. And I am crossing my fingers that two seedlings of bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) that my herbalist guide carefully uprooted from the wadi (dry creek) floor, will also survive and make it to the miniature forest I want to create behind the perfume studio. And most immortally - I am hoping that the two little twigs of Israeli Thyme (Coridothymus capitatus) that we found on the rocky North beach will grow up some roots and flourish. They are quite rare site here inland, and in fact a protected species. They have a striking look when they get mature and an intense yet slightly floral aroma that I love. It truly deserves a post of its own, with photos and all. Along with Origanum syriacum (also grown in my garden), the other varieties of thyme and savoury I mentioned before, some sumac and sesame seeds it forms the spice mixture called "Za'atar" that some of you may be familiar with from Lebanese grocery stores and Middle Eastern restaurants.
Naturally growing wild in my garden is also white horehound (Marrubium vulgare), a highly medicinal plant that grows in astounding abundance, several mastic bushes and probably more plants that I did not know were medicinal but will find out later. There are also still two plants that I found on the mountain to make slips that I haven't identified yet, so the search is not over. Lastly, I scattered seeds of blood helicrysum, a local wild plant (Helichrysum sanguinum) which I also hope will come out next winter. By that time I hope I will forget about it altogether so it will just be a pleasant surprise...
Lastly, to be fair and square, I promised to tell you which plants I put in from the nursery (the ones my brother brought me), so that you know if you guessed it right. They were several types of lavender (mountain Savory of Crete (Satureja thymbra), several types of lavender (Lavandula pinnate, L. dentate, L. angustifolia), one artemisia and - to my utmost excitement - two immortelles (Helicrysum italicum), often called "curry plant".
Also you should know, that among those who participated in this context, we got two worthy winners who will receive a sample kit of all my herbaceous fragrances, are Ruby Clover and Melissa Menard. The kit includes ArbitRary for the basil, Ayalitta for the sage, Immortelle l'Amour for the immortelle of course, l'Herbe Rouge for the lemongrass, hay and lavender and Lovender - which is quite obvious. I've also included a sniff-peak of Inbar, my new, wild-oregano infused amber concoction which is not even for sale quite yet :-)
Putting together the kits made me also realize how little attention I've been giving the herbaceous notes.
Do not mistake my lack of posting for lack of action. It's been quite the opposite - the most action-packed few months of my life. Here is what I've accomplished - to put your minds at ease and satisfy any curiosity that might have remained among those of you who haven't given up on SmellyBlog yet:
- Designed, planned agonized over and built a new Perfume studio, Pilates studio - and renovated my old home) while making new friends with the builders and architects involved
- Lived in a yurt for 4 months (November through March) while I was at it - and also found myself adopting a cat of all creatures (not intentional, but seems to work out)
- Transitioned my daughter into a Hebrew-speaking high school for another two years of education
- Moved from the yurt to the house
- Adopted a rescued female Doberman (that was a dream come true)
- Taught two Perfumery Courses back to back: Fougere and Orientals (while meeting with Dan Riegler - a Canadian- Israeli from Ontario who gifted me with the most incredible incense resins imaginable - more on that in a separate post
- Became auntie to one more niece and nephew (that was quite effortless!)
- Continue to try and establish my perfumery studio (and Pilates studio) in the new surroundings
- Try my best to be with my grandma, who's 93 years young and had a heart event about a month ago. Every moment with her is so pure and precious.
- Planning and beginning to plant my Perfumer's Botanical Garden, which is truly taking much of my time and is the main reason I haven't been blogging. The photo above is from the section of it that is on the mountain and is dedicated to fragrant Mediterranean plans and medicine herbs.
I spend very little time around the computer (after months of wifi & electricity-free yurt life and bad battery in my laptop - old habits have been broken to little shreds and I only post quick updates via my phone on my Facebook, Instagram and Twitter accounts)
Hopefully I've gotten to the point when I'm settled down to return to regular blogging - as demanding as life has been all these months, I know deep in my heart that it does do me good to write regularly. It's not just a fragrance/perfumery blog, but also functions as a personal journal to me.
While waiting for our permanent home to be renovated (which, as it turns out, takes even longer than building a new home) - we've been living semi-nomadic life for close to four months now, about three of them in a yurt.
Life in the yurt is different. There is no way around it (pun intended). For one thing, it provides a round space, that encompasses most of life's functions in one area: cooking, eating, reading, puzzling, snuggling, cat-feeding (an extra duty we've picked up on the way to freedom - not unlike an unwanted pregnancy that you just can't get herself to terminate), office work (whenever my MacBook Air has enough power to work for me - not to mention its battered battery now needs replacement, which turns out to be a HUGE ordeal in the land of milk and honey), Pilates practice, and even occasional entertaining (when it rains even my dear family avoids it like the plague). It's not truly all in one space, because it actually has an annex to the north, with the washroom (including a shower and a compost toilet - a killer combination for dirt and cleanliness), as well as a sleeping den which has beautiful greenery all around it, as it is built from old wooden windows.
That beauty comes with the price of this space being as cold as the outdoors in the winter. In the summer this room is actually a lifesaver, because the yurt collects way too much heat, although it is much better insulated than the sleeping den - even when its skylight is open. We don't have an oven, but were able to pull together delicious and nourishing meals from the two-flamed gas stove, and have even prepared some raw treats for our daily tea parties. To be perfectly frank - mostly, we've been lazy and buying baklava and cookies whenever we are in the vicinity of a bakery - so I am now in the know of where to get good baked goods. I'm sure this knowledge will come in handy in the not so far future, even after we're back to our productive baking life. When it comes to baking, it's always good to have a good back-up plan.
Of course, that did not stop us from being experimental in the kitchen, trying new ingredients such as nigella seed spread and authentic freekeh, which is an amazing way of preparing green wheatberries by burning them off the wheat chaff. The result is a smoky, nutty grain that is delicious and easy to cook (and digest) and really gives unmistakable character to dishes (the one I bought in Canada was actually stale wheat dyed green). More on that in another post!
To sum it up - living in a yurt is "an experience". Just like camping is an experience. In camping terms this is a five star facility. I'm sure with its running water and gas-operated refrigerator it is also considered a luxury in comparison to straw huts in Africa or yurts in the Mongolian steppes. You get the picture. It's an experience. And we're three months into it and can't wait to experience something else.
To lift the edge off the nervous anticipation for proper housing, I've decided to compile a little list of fragrances (both mundane and wearable) that will let you into this experience, even if just a little... This compilation is a random array of fragrance fit for yurt life, even though I imagine most people who choose to live in this humble abode would rather dab some animal fat and cooked cabbage juice behind their ear than any designer's fragrance. Nevertheless, I find the task amusing, and I hope it will make for a fun read.
I also hope that my mom does not get hurt because apparently in our parts of the world, patience ("Savlanut") is considered a virtue (which very few uphold), and also belongs grammatical to the same root as the word suffering ("Sevel"). And in this part of the world, stating the facts is considered complaining... I'm sure those who choose to live in a yurt or even just stay in it for a short amount of time will thoroughly enjoy it - it is cute, rustic, pretty, calm and completely in tune with nature. You get to experience all the elements - fire (sun), air (wind), water (we have running water, and thankfully also very little of water leakage despite its very temporary feel); and last but not least - you can't get any closer to earth than this. It is a very, very earthy dwelling and you really feel Mother earth's belly as you tickle it with your slippers walking to and fro. Last but not least: nothing compares to coming out of the yurt at night and seeing the clear black skies dotted with bright stars.
Muscs Kublai Khan - for the obvious body odour effect - musk-enhanced unwashed hair and sweaty armpits with hints of rose and aldehydes.
Kiehl's Fig Leaf & Sage - milky herbacous weirdness. It's unusual yet very easy to wear and has a freshness without being boring. It also goes well with the cucumber and parsley scented products we currently have in the house - hand wash, shampoo and conditioner. Something green and clear-smelling yet non pretentious.
Aromatics Elixir - an earthy, big sage scent that is sophisticated yet at the same time rustic enough to wear in the wilderness. Especially grateful for it on cold wintry days.
Arabie - the spice market, sweat and dusty cobblestones - and all the spices I have in storage (and don't have in my kitchen) kvetched into one bottle. Awesome.
Coco Noir - the opposite of yurt life: polished, elegant, artificial and urban. Jasmine, berries and plums, rose, patchouli, musk and vetiver with a a dusting of cocoa.
Poivre Samarkand - because I heard that there are also yurts in Samarkand (Uzbekistan). Can't find any perfume inspired by Mongolia (which is where the yurts supposedly originate). Besides, it's a perfect sprinkle of heat on those chilly nights when the shower runs only boiling water or ice cold ones, and when you step out of the shower it's the same temperatures as outside (not as extreme as in Canada, but 5-11c is cold enough to feel like real winter).
Musc Nomade (Annick Goutal) - I'm picking this one because of the name alone. I remember smelling it very vaguely and that is was vegetal and delicate... Admittedly I'm also too lazy to go digging in my shipping container now and find the little box where I "filed" all my music samples but I'm pretty sure I've only tried it once when I was in Paris.
Tam Dao - if you've ever encountered compost toilet, you know that it's the human equivalent of hamster cage. pine or cedar shavings are used to cover up the mess, and the result is a more subdued version of human waste, that eventually turns into a nice scent of the forest floor. Anyway, this explanation made me think of Tam Dao, which is a fine sandalwood and cedar fragrance and also has some clean smelling musks underneath, to make you forget all the other business.
Tea for Two - We've been enjoying my limited selection of teas that I make a point of finishing off. True to form, we've been brewing lots of chai, which I've been already giving you plenty of recipes for... And of course Hulnejan - the wonderful root brew of galangal, dried ginger and cassia bark.
Zangvil also reminds me of this "witch brew" with its notes of fresh and dried ginger, honey, amber, jasmine and ginger lily.
Finjan - we've been drinking lots of espresso on the stove top mocha machine, and lots of Arabic/Druze/Turkish coffee (each nationality claims it as their own - but essentially this is very dark roasted coffee with cardamom that is brewed on the stove). The latter is well represented in the perfuem I created titled Finjan (the name of the little porcelain "shot" cups that you sip the coffee from; mistakenly, most Israelis refer to the little pot used to brew it as "finjan" - but its real name is "Ralai").
Mastic - Whenever it rains or gets really chilly, the mastica bushes and wild ivy behind the yurt release their fresh, green-balsamic scent. Grin's smell encompasses this verdant freshness with its notes of galbanum, violet, oakmoss and a classic floral bouquet.
Geranium and Wild Oranges - My citrus orchard was overcome by wild orange shoots, and I've really let it go. We finally pruned the orchard this fall, which mean an overwhelming amount of wild oranges that had to be put into use somehow. The result? An orange cello with a touch of herbs from the yurt's garden, among them rose geranium. One sip of this liquor is enough to uplift the spirits.
|Location, location, location...|
view from one of the trails within the village, overlooking the medieval fort in the nearby kibbutz Yehiam (it's about an hour hike from the studio)
As of Spring 2017, our courses will take place at Ayala Moriel's new studio in Clil, Israel. This charming little organic village is situated in one of the country's most fascinating regions, the Western Galilee, and is overlooking the Mediterranean sea (gorgeous beaches are only 20min drive), Haifa Bay and Mount Carmel. Clil provides a unique experience for students who choose to stay here* - I'd describe it as a 180 from Vancouver, for better or for worse. Here are a few details so you can get the picture (and photos from different seasons too!).
This off-the-grid village is solar-powered and has small population of under 1000 people, who live in custom-built homes and semi-temporary dwellings (yurts, teepees, modified train cars and shipping containers, etc.) that are scattered among ancient olive groves and wild bush and Mediterranean garrigue (comprising of carobs, oaks, pistachia and thorny bushes). Despite its size, the village is a community bustling with life and culture: our neighbours are the village's cafe (inside a tent) that is opened Thursday-Saturday and hosts live concerts, and there. A large percentage of the population are alternative healers (we're just across the "street" from an integrated holistic clinic offering massage, acupuncture, ayurvedic treatments, and more) as well as creative artists, who have their ateliers in the village - and some would also be happy to show you around - painters, sculptors, potters, glass artists, silversmiths and goldsmiths, basket weavers, etc.
There is a bakery that is opened twice a week (Sunday and Thursday) and offers Pizza Nights on Tuesdays. On all other days, fresh sourdough breads by other artisanal bakeries can be pre-ordered by phone, or purchased at the local Organic Garden (which tops off their own produce with other fruit and vegetables and organic goodies produced in the village and by nearby artisans). Also less relevant but sometimes handy are the village's book exchange and clothing exchange, which is open 24/7 and is completely free (take what you want and leave what you no longer use - it can come handy if you forgot to bring a hoodie or a book to read). There are three restaurants in the village - Smadar b'Clil, Cafe Clil and Chef Hagit Lidror's Vegan & Vegetarian kitchen (she will be providing most to the catering to our courses, by the way) - which also makes healthy smoothies and mouthwatering raw chocolate treats (she also teaches raw chocolate making workshops!).
The "shop local" sign, where you can find various things made in the village. It's located right next to Cafe Clil (which is our next-door neighbours to the east)
Accommodations within the village include one boutique hotel, one guest house (India-style "hostel" on the second level of one of our neighbours) and countless cute cabins for short-term rent - some also offering breakfast as part of the service. Sublets among the village's inhabitants are often listed and could be arranged if booked enough in advance, and also near Cafe Clil there is a small campsite for those who enjoy a fully rustic experience, as well as Meshiv Nefesh - the centre for meditation, which also has plenty of camping space around it for individuals and groups. If you choose to stay outside of the village - we are only 20-30min drive (depending on traffic) from lovely towns that offer also many wonderful attractions to visitors - i.e. Acre and Nahariya.
In short - there are plenty of places to explore and people to meet in Clil, so I'm sure you will enjoy your visit and find things to do and discover outside of the classroom.
Ancient olive grove in winter, at the centre of the village. Near it there is now an organic garden and grocery store
You can enjoy the many hiking trails in the village all on your own (including one in Wadi Yehiam leading to the medieval citadel in Kibbutz Yehiam) - or hire the local tour guide who knows the place from the day he was born (happens to also be my brother!). There are also trail rides on horses. Thursday evenings there is a little market in the village's playground, weather permitting. And watch out for the live music at the cafe - where you can listen to up and coming artists and even already famous ones, in a very intimate setting (and the artists is usually kept as a surprise till the last minute, to prevent over crowding of the venue). The beaches nearby (only 20 minutes drive) also offer year-around conditions for swimming, surfing, SUP, and sea kayaking.
Clil is not only a place where people live differently, but also offers an alternative culture for visitors who seek to take a break from the fast-paced modern lifestyle. It's no ordinary rural place - it is bustling with music, culinary innovations, art, healing and meditations workshops and alternative medicine gatherings, and a place where one can engage and interact with artists and artisans that live here. In short - it seemed like the perfect place to return to and continue my artisan perfumery work - and create a sanctuary for this art.
* You don't have to stay within the village - there are also plenty of interesting places around to stay in, such as Akre and Nahariya - but keep in mind that in that case vehicle is a must as public transit in and out of the village only comes twice a day, very early and very late.
Sometimes we get attached to perfumes because they speak to us. Other times, it is pure coincidence that creates an imprint on our minds and adds meaning to the scent that we would have otherwise not found in it.
These past few months I've been wearing copious amounts of Coco Noir. I've received the parfum extrait from a friend as a goodbye gift, and somehow it did not seem right to stuff it on the shipping container. Probably because I was too curious about it. At the same time I was too scared to open it, because starting a new perfume at a time of great change can create too strong of an impression - and I knew that there are many challenges ahead of me. I definitely did not want to open it at the time of our departure - I was an emotional mess, after three months of intensive packing and very little sleep... So I waited for a while for the dust of traveling to settle, and opened it about a week or two after arriving in Israel. It was a time of terrible weather (weeks and weeks on end of dry desert wind and over-the-top temperatures) not to mention - great emotional turmoil and immigrant adventures - and we are still in the midst of it, but I have enough levelheadedness now to reflect a bit, as things are finally starting to fall into place: my daughter will start school on Sunday, our home renovations are about halfway through, and my mental state allows me to pass entire days without crying (but still happens about once a week, because I end up hitting a brick wall of some sort at least in that frequency).
Coco Noir is a modern "dark" concoction, which means that instead of oily aldehydes and animalic base, it has clean florally laced with white musks and underlying notes of vetiver and patchouli. It isn't exactly a fruitchouli, but it borders on that territory, with a clean ambreine accord (not unlike Prada Ambre Intense Pour Homme) - which means it has vanillin, patchouli and bergamot galore in it. However, there is also a spicy cacao accord (or perhaps it's just an illusion of that - created by the spicy cloves notes alongside the benzoin, vanillin and coumarin) which is quite prominent, which reminds me of Notorious - only that it continues much better in my opinion (it does not have as much musk, which in Notorious gives me a piercing feeling through my nostrils). It gradually softens and develops around the heart of jasmine and rose, and leads smoothly to the end: Dryout is a mellow, powdery confection, with hints of heliotrope (not unlike La Petite Robe Noire - but with non of the saccharine qualities of the latter).
Coco Noir is more accessible, in my opinion, than Coco is. I love the original, even though I do not own it. It has a big persona and feels over-the-top for daily wear. I would only imagine wearing it when I'm all dressed up for a very sepcial event in the middle of winter. Instead, it provides with a very modern comfort in my overtly rustic living arrangement (which is only temporary, sort of...). It's a scent that inevitably will conjure up scent memories from this time of re-settling in my home village: having this sleek, elegant, opaque black glass square bottle around reminds me of my urban side and that I'm not going to be forever wading in mud to and from the yurt, and struggling with every little aspect of life. There is still place for elegance and luxury in my life even in this off the grid spot in between two major life periods.
Another great reminder of this truth: whenever I stick my nose inside my shipping container, which smells still like my very fragrant home studio in Vancouver. My friend chose this fragrance because it reminded him of how my perfume smelled. I think I now get what he's talking about: it's very much like this "smell of everything, all at once" that you get from my workspace: dried coumarinic herbs (liatrix, tonka), vetiver roots, patchouli, countless flowers, herb oils and spices... All mingled with woodsy oils and the scent of antique furniture.
I'm grateful for having this point of view portrayed to me via a bottle of fragrance chosen for me.
Top notes: Cedarwood, Bergamot, Orange, Grapefruit
Heart notes: Rose, Jasmine, Narcissus, Geranium, Peach, Carnation, Cloves
Base notes: Patchouli, Vetiver, Sandalwood, Benzoin, Frankincense, Musk, Vanilla, Heliotropin, Tonka
|MyHeritage Acquires Millennia Corp. and its Legacy Family Tree Software||Israel-based genealogy website MyHeritage announced
late yesterday that it has purchased Millennia
Corp., developer of Legacy Family Tree software and the Legacy webinars program.
"The acquisition will introduce MyHeritage users to Legacyâs valuable genealogical webinars, and will also provide Legacyâs hundreds of thousands of users with improved resources and access to new services," say spokespeople Daniel Horowitz of MyHeritage and Geoff Rasmussen of Millennia in a joint email.
Here's what this means for you:
Legacy Family Tree Software
Legacy Family Tree software will continue to be offered. The next version (10), now underway, will feature optional syncing with family trees on the MyHeritage website and with the MyHeritage mobile app.
Legacy Family Tree already syncs with the FamilySearch unified Family Tree, but it's currently the only one of the top genealogy programs that doesn't sync with a website that allows members to keep their own, limited-access family trees. Competitors Family Tree Maker and RootsMagic software both sync with Ancestry.com member trees in addition to the FamilySearch tree.
Family Tree Builder Software
MyHeritage has its own software, a free program called Family Tree Builder that syncs with MyHeritage online trees and with the MyHeritage app. Horowitz told me that Family Tree Builder also will continue to be offered, but I wouldn't be surprised if MyHeritage eventually streamlines its software offerings.
Webinars and Discounts
Legacy Family Tree customers will receive discounts on MyHeritage services and DNA kits, and MyHeritage will keep offering Legacy Family Tree webinars. All Millennia employees will be retained as employees of MyHeritage.
See more details on the MyHeritage blog and Millennia's Legacy News blog.
|Coup de cÂur CinÃ©ma: My Old Lady||RÃ©alisÃ© par Israel Horovitz Avec Kevin Kline, Maggie Smith, Kristin Scott Thomas Au cinÃ©ma le 06 mai 2015 Mathias, la cinquantaine, new-yorkais, divorcÃ© et sans ressources, dÃ©barque à Paris [...]|
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11 February 2016
Israeli court stays eviction of Sub Laban family from house they’ve lived in since 1953
|Jerusalem children squeezed out of school by Israeli discrimination||
3 January 2016
Shortage of classrooms has dire effect on tens of thousands of Palestinian students in the occupied city.
|No, BBC, Jerusalem is not "Israel's capital"||
17 December 2015
Broadcaster’s reporting doesn’t align with reality in the occupied city.
|Has Israeli college in East Jerusalem deceived its EU donors?||
25 August 2015
Hebrew University of Jerusalem may have given misleading information when applying for EU grants.Â
|Pressure grows on US firm selling homes in Israel's settlements||
9 March 2015
RE/MAX International tries to dodge its role in selling homes on occupied Palestinian land.Â
|Candid video reveals NYT bureau chief Jodi Rudoren's Zionist bubble||
2 August 2014
In private meeting shown on video, Rudoren calls Abe Foxman, head of pro-Israel ADL, âmy personal defamation protector.â
|Judge to decide if BBC's misreporting on Jerusalem is propaganda or journalism||
1 July 2014
BBC journalists continue to refer to the whole of Jerusalem as âIsraeli.â
|Why does the BBC hide the truth about Jerusalem?||
8 April 2014
Senior BBC executives and the BBC Trust seem to have accepted Israelâs illegal creation of facts on the ground in Jerusalem.
|Senior BBC official insists that all of Jerusalem is an âIsraeliâ city||
17 May 2013
From its refusal to acknowledge international law to the withholding of facts from its audiences, the BBC’s reporting wholly favors the Israeli agenda.
|Palestinians silently transferred from East Jerusalem||
19 April 2011
The Israeli government has been increasingly revoking Jerusalem residency IDs and using tax collection as a means of forcing Palestinians out of the city. Jillian Kestler-D’Amours reports.
|DO ÃPICE AO FUNDO DO POÃO EM APENAS UMA TEMPORADA|
Flu (1) pode se juntar ao Milan (2) como campeÃ£o num ano e rebaixado no outro
O tradicional Fluminense pode entrar num rol nada agradÃ¡vel neste domingo na Ãºltima rodada do Brasileiro. O tricolor das Laranjeiras pode se tornar o 60Âº clube da histÃ³ria do futebol a ser rebaixado para a segunda divisÃ£o nacional apenas uma temporada apÃ³s ter sido campeÃ£o.
Dentre os atuais 59 constam times da grandeza de LDU/EQU, Universidad CatÃ³lica/CHL, Manchester City/ING, Olympique de Marselha/FRA e Milan/ITA. Entretanto, esses dois Ãºltimos caÃram por motivos extracampo.
A equipe inglesa caiu apÃ³s ser campeÃ£o de uma forma curiosa na temporada (1937/38): com saldo positivo de gols, marcando 80 vezes - mais atÃ© que o entÃ£o campeÃ£o Arsenal. Entretanto o nÃºmero de derrotas culminou com a ida Ã segundona.
JÃ¡ Olympique (1994) e Milan (1980) foram campeÃµes na temporada anterior e rebaixados na seguinte em suas respectivas ligas devido a escÃ¢ndalos de manipulaÃ§Ã£o de resultados, que custou atÃ© a participaÃ§Ã£o dos franceses da decisÃ£o do Mundial Interclubes de 1993.
A Juventus de Turim chegou a ser campeÃ£ italiana em 2004/2005 e na temporada seguinte disputar a Serie B. Contudo, o tÃtulo da Vecchia Signora foi retirado pela FederaÃ§Ã£o Italiana.
A Noruega e a SuÃ©cia sÃ£o os paÃses em que mais esse tipo de situaÃ§Ã£o aconteceu: 4 vezes. Curiosamente a FinlÃ¢ndia e a Dinamarca aparecem logo a seguir com 3 ao lado de mais alguns outros pelo planeta, fazendo atÃ© parece que tal situaÃ§Ã£o estranha Ã© uma especialidade nÃ³rdica.
Editado (Ã s 21h10 do dia 08/12/2013): O Fluminense tornou-se o 60Âº clube a ser rebaixado uma temporada depois de ter sido campeÃ£o nacional apÃ³s a Ãºltima rodada do Campeonato Brasileiro neste domingo.
Abaixo, a lista dos 60 times que foram do cÃ©u ao inferno no intervalo de apenas uma temporada. Entre parÃªnteses, na ordem, os anos em que foram campeÃµes e rebaixados logo a seguir.
- 1.FC NÃ¼rnberg (1968 - 1969)
- Entente Sportive de SÃ©tif (1987 - 1988)
- USM El Harrach (1998 - 1999)
- Constel-laciÃ³ Esportiva (2000 - 2000)
Obs.: Rebaixado na mesma temporada por envolvimento em irregularidades financeiras.
- San Luis Deportivo (1984 - 1985)
- FC Tirol Innsbruck (2002 - 2002)
Obs.: Rebaixado pela federaÃ§Ã£o por nÃ£o ter suas contas aprovadas.
- Fluminense (2012 - 2013)
- Universitario de La Paz (1969 - 1970)
- Jorge Wilstermann (Apertura 2010 - Clausura 2010)
- Aigle Nkongsamba (1994 - 1995)
- Universidad CatÃ³lica (1954 - 1955)
* Costa Rica
- El Carmen FC (1961 - 1961)
Obs.: Rebaixado na mesma temporada apÃ³s conflitos com outros clubes e a federaÃ§Ã£o, que formularam a disputa de um "playoff" apÃ³s o campeonato nacional e que terminou com o atual campeÃ£o ficando na Ãºltima colocaÃ§Ã£o.
- KB (1950 - 1951)
- Hvidovre (1973 - 1974)
- HerfÃ¸lge BK (2000 - 2001)
- LDU (1999 - 2000)
- Ilves-Kissat (1950 - 1951)
- TPV (1994 - 1995)
- Haka Valkeakoski (1995 - 1996)
- Olympique Marseille (1993 - 1994)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s escÃ¢ndalos de manipulaÃ§Ã£o de resultados.
- AS Kaloum Star (2007 - 2008)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s dois WO's no campeonato por problemas contratuais com patrocinadores.
- UDIB (2003 - 2004)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s WO's nas duas primeiras rodadas da temporada
- AtlÃ©tico BissorÃ£ (2011 - 2013)
Obs.: NÃ£o houve competiÃ§Ã£o em 2012.
- RC Heemstede (1953 - 1954)
* Ilhas Faroe
- B71 (1989 - 1990)
- PSIS (1999 - 2000)
- Petrokimia Putra (2002 -2003)
- Persebaya (2004 - 2005)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s se recusar a disputar a Ãºltima partida do playoff em 2005.
- Manchester City (1937 - 1938)
- Shelbourne (2006 - 2006)
Obs.: Rebaixado pela federaÃ§Ã£o por nÃ£o ter as contas aprovadas.
- Hapoel Kfar-Saba (1982 - 1983)
- Hapoel Tel-Aviv (1988 - 1989)
- Milan (1979 - 1980)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s escÃ¢ndalos de manipulaÃ§Ã£o de resultados.
- Violet Kickers (1996 - 1997)
- Union Luxembourg (1927 - 1928)
- Monte Carlo (2008 - 2009)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s divergÃªncias com a federaÃ§Ã£o e com o Macau FC.
- Rabat Ajax (1986 - 1987)
- Marte (1954 - 1955)
- Stationery Stores (1992 - 1993)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s vÃ¡rios WO's nos jogos fora de casa.
- Shooting Stars (1998 - 1999)
- Bayelsa United (2009 - 2010)
- Freidig (1948 - 1949)
- Fram (1950 -1951)
- SK Brann (1963 - 1964)
- Lyn (1968 - 1969)
* PaÃs de Gales
- Barry Town (2003 - 2004)
- Rhyl (2009 - 2010)
Obs.: Rebaixado apÃ³s nÃ£o conseguir a licenÃ§a para a disputa da nova liga criada.
- Ogniwo Bytom (1954 - 1955)
Obs: Rebaixado apÃ³s fundir-se com o Szombierki Bytom e mudar seu nome para Polonia Bytom.
* RepÃºblica do Congo
- Saint Michel de OuenzÃ© (2010 - 2011)
* RepÃºblica Dominicana
- Deportivo Pantoja (2001 - 2002)
- Baninter/Jarabacoa (2003 - 2005)
Obs.: NÃ£o houve competiÃ§Ã£o em 2004.
* RÃºssia (entÃ£o UniÃ£o SoviÃ©tica)
- CDSA Moscou (1951 - 1952)
Obs.: Rebaixado pela federaÃ§Ã£o apÃ³s a pÃfia participaÃ§Ã£o soviÃ©ticas nas OlimpÃadas de 1952, no qual o time era a base da seleÃ§Ã£o de futebol.
* Santa LÃºcia
- Roots Alley Ballers (2009 - 2010)
* San Marino
- La Fiorita (1990 - 1991)
- Helsingborgs IF (1934 - 1935)
- GAIS (1954 - 1955)
- DjurgÃ¥rdens IF (1959 - 1960)
- IFK GÃ¶teborg (1969 - 1970)
- MHSK Tashkent (1997 - 1998)
- Cang Saigon (2002 - 2003)
Foto 1: AndrÃ© DurÃ£o - Globoesporte.com
Foto 2: Autor desconhecido
|Moldovan local public authorities' representatives invited to MUNI EXPO 2018, MUNI WORLD 2018|
Two meetings of the representatives of the municipalities MUNI EXPO 2018 and MUNI WORLD 2018 will take place in Tel-Aviv, Israel, on 13 â 15 February 2018, the governmentâs communication and protocol department has reported.
The events will provide municipal leaders with opportunity to interact with business and service providers, familiarizing themselves with innovative products, solutions and services in various fields such as infrastructure, environment, construction, engineering, information technology, education, social, culture etc.
The sessions will take place under of the Israeli Federation of Local Public Administrationâs (FLAI) patronage, with participation of municipal delegations from different countries, including the Republic of Moldova. The travel expenses are to be provided by the participants.
The representatives of the local public administration in Moldova who wish to participate in those events are asked to send a message including the name, surname, function, contact details to e-mail addresses: email@example.com Â or firstname.lastname@example.org within 20 days.
More details about events can be found at: http://www.muniexpo.co.il.
|ReprezentanÅ£ii administraÅ£iei publice locale din Republica Moldova â invitaÅ£i la MUNI EXPO 2018 Åi MUNI WORLD 2018|
Ãn perioada 13-15 februarie 2018, Ã®n oraÈul Tel-Aviv, Israel, vor avea loc douÄ reuniuni a reprezentanÈilor municipalitÄÈilorÂ MUNI EXPO 2018 Èi MUNI WORLD 2018.
Evenimentele vor oferi liderilor municipali posibilitatea de a interacÅ£iona cu mediul de afaceri Åi prestatorii de servicii, familiarizÃ¢ndu-se cuÂ produse, soluÈii Èi servicii inovatoare Ã®n diverse domenii precum infrastructura, mediul, construcÅ£iile, ingineria, tehnologii informaÅ£ionale, educaÅ£ie, social, culturÄ Å. a.
Reuniunile se vor desfÄÈura sub patronajul FederaÈiei israeliene a administraÈiei publice locale (FLAI), cu participarea delegaÈiilor municipale din diferite ÈÄri, inclusiv din Republica Moldova. Cheltuielile pentru deplasare urmeazÄ a fi asigurate de cÄtre participanÈi.
ReprezentanÅ£ii administraÈiei publice locale din Republica Moldova care doresc sÄ participe la aceste evenimente sunt rugaÅ£i sÄ expedieze un mesaj care sÄ includÄ numele, prenumele, funcÈia, date de contact la adresele electronice: email@example.com Èi firstname.lastname@example.org), Ã®n termen de 20 de zile.
Mai multe detalii despre evenimente pot fi accesate la: http://www.muniexpo.co.il.
|Comment on Guestbook by Petros Tenezakis||My journey to Shatila Refugee Camp began many years ago. At the time I was working in Balatah Refugee Camp of Nablus in the Israeli-Occupied northern West Bank.
A refugee camp that suffered greatly due to the massive reooccupation of the West Bank. As the Jenin massacre occured during Operation Defensive Shield, Israeli forces cracked down
on Nablus city and its adjacent refugee camps, Askar, Balatah and al-Ain. Parts of the attrocities, that can only be described as a massacre went unseen due to massive focus on Jenin and other areas of the West Bank.
And as the tanks, helicopters, APC:s and F-16 attacked the city, only a few of us were preset to document the onslaught. As I arrived in the emd of the onslaught, Balatah Refugee Camp was target for daily attacks.
There amid the smell of blood, the dust and the debris I was constantly thinking about what happened in Shatila and Sabra. I promissed myself to visit the camps in Lebanon as well.
In 2005 I was arrested by Israeli authorities and denied access to Palestine for the upcoming 1o years, due to my involvement in peacefull activities against the occupation and solidarity with the Palesinian people.
By then I had witnessed more violations, killings and injuries than most people in our priviliged western world has witnessed during a lifetime, including myself injured in the chest during an invasion of the old city of Nablus.
As I was held in a tiny cell, humiliated and threatened daily I still felt privileged. I could at leave. Since my denial of entry came into effect I planned to visit as many palestinians as possible with a hope to visit Shatila and its residents.
That dream finally came true last year. As a photographer I travelled directly to SHatila Refugee Camp. I was welcomed by Mr Abu Moujahed, and his wonderful staff at the CYC, Palestinian Centre for Children and Youth that runs a centre for the youth in Shatila and Nahr-el-Bared Camps.
My home for bacame their guest house. A great oppurtunity for internationals to experience the camp and interat with its citizens. I quickly forgot the camera, most times I just interacted with the camp residents. I set up meetings with the Baker, Pharmacist, nurses, political representatives, survivors of the massacre, and enjoyed the time spent with the youth.
Sadly I had to leave, 3 weeks passed quickly. I am sure that I will return. Palestine and all Palestinians, world citizens and friend will allways prompt me to work and fight for freedoom. A freedoom that has been denied for decades.
I warmly recommend evryone to visit Shatila and stay the night at the CYC guesthouse. And undoubtebly upon departure I am sure your tears will fall, just as mine did.
Dear Mahmoud Abbas Abu Moujahed, Manar, Sabah, Marwa and all the staff at CYC, all the children and youth, internationals and camp citizens. I am with you at all times, and our reunification is not a matter of If, its a matter of When.
With love and hugs from Sweden.Your friend, Petros Tenezakis|
|Is the Negative Voice the Evil Inclination?||I was listening to one of my favourite podcasts today - Jonathan Roche's No Excuses Weight Loss on Blog Talk Radio. It isn't really about weight loss, although that may well be a welcome side effect of listening to Jonathan in the long term. It's really about the Lizard Brain, the Imposter Police, or what Jonathan calls the Negative Voice. Jonathan encourages listeners to exercise, eat well, but most importantly, to learn to silence that voice that tells them that they aren't worthy of all those loving efforts.|
So why am I blogging about this now? I've been listening to Jonathan for years. I enjoy his direct approach, his gentle humour, and his uncanny ability to put his finger on the real issues his callers are struggling with. But today he spoke with a long-time listener from Israel, a guy named Steve. That was interesting enough in itself as the overwhelming majority of Jonathan's callers are female, although Jonathan handles male callers with the same ease and aplomb, with no hint of awkwardness. Steve has been dealing with some major health issues, but he's been doing well recently - swimming, walking and becoming more fit. That's all good, but then Steve said something I found quite fascinating. Jonathan commented on his positive attitude in the face of his health challenges, and Steve said that the Negative Voice was "what we call in Hebrew the yetzer ha'ra - the Evil Inclination."
According to Jewish tradition, children are born with the Evil Inclination, but start to develop the Good Inclination (the yetzer hatov) after they become Bar or Bat Mitzvah (13 or 12 years of age for boys and girls, respectively). The Good Inclination's job is to control the Evil Inclination, to make a child who is only interested in pleasure into a responsible adult who is an asset to the community. It is a long struggle.
But the rabbis did not see the Evil Inclination as a demon to be exorcised - it is considered the source of many good things in life. If the Evil Inclination were banished, there would be no marriage or procreation, no one would bother to work or invent anything, ambition would be gone. The Evil Inclination drives people to desire.
How can this powerful force for creation be the Negative Voice or the Lizard Brain? The Evil Inclination is not fearful. It doesn't call us names - on the contrary, it flatters us into action we may regret. Maybe it convinces us to eat cake we don't need, but I imagine that the desire to increase health and energy comes from the same source. The Good Inclination doesn't lead to the kind of fierce joy we get from being strong. If anything, it is more likely to put us in our place - maybe the Negative Voice is more related to the Good Inclination? How confusing.
It seems that the traditional Jewish concepts of Evil and Good Inclinations don't map easily onto the idea of a Negative Voice or Lizard Brain or Resistance that is trying to keep everything status quo, keep your head down and don't rock the boat. If anything, that much-lauded Good Inclination would play the bad guy role, as it takes the Evil Inclination's wild energy and bops it on the head and pushes it into socially acceptable directions. Yet, anyone who does not learn how to function in society, at least minimally, is going to be seriously distracted from their creativity and art by the difficulties of everyday life. Wheels within wheels and layers within layers!
This has turned out to be a somewhat abstruse blog post, but I really love combining different parts of my life in this way. I hope you like thinking about these things, too.
|Just Eat Real Food||This is a picture of my JERF shirt. I've worn it a few times, but I'm still too vain to post pictures of myself in a tank top. One of these days, maybe.|
One of my favourite podcasters these days is Sean Croxton at Underground Wellness. He makes YouTube videos, has a podcast and a blog and a book and everything people need to have nowadays to make an impact. He's a reformed personal trainer who has gone from the "Eat Less, Move More" mantra of the low-fat paradigm to a holistic, paleo-type version of reality. He has hosted the Paleo Summit and the Real Food Summit, and the latter has become his latest passion. Since that is a passion I share, I'd love to talk about it some more.
When I was growing up in Israel, there were fast food restaurants, and I believe we may have patronised them from time to time. There were definitely real and good restaurants, and I have fond memories of going there, especially a Yemenite restaurant in Tel Aviv called Zion, which absolutely had the best hummus I have ever eaten anywhere, any time.
But most of the time, we ate at home. We shopped at the local grocery store and there was a "yarkan", a greengrocer, who came by once or twice a week to sell fresh produce from the surrounding farms. Later, when I was older, we went to the supermarket in the nearby town. Now the little local grocery store in the village is closed up and I don't know what happened to the "yarkan", but my family members who live in Israel still mostly buy and prepare real food. I should add that these are people who work full-time, so they are just as pressed for time as anybody else. They just care about what they put in their mouths. I remember my mother being creative with leftovers - Friday night's chicken usually ended up in chicken fried rice by Wednesday or so.
The same was true when I was a student in Amsterdam in the eighties. We ate out, but it was real food cooked in a restaurant kitchen. We mostly cooked at home and invited each other over for dinner. Real food was our life. If we had no money, we bought cheap food, but it was still food. Cooking for your friends was the ultimate expression of love for them.
I'm not sure when and how those concepts got lost in North America. Somehow it seems to be elitist to be interested in the provenance of your food, and you are expected to pay extra for the privilege of eating food that isn't drenched in Roundup. How did this happen, and why?
I know the story of the munitions factories that needed to be converted into fertiliser producers after the war, and of women who were sold the myth that they were much too busy to cook for their families. I remember TV dinners - we lived in the US for a few years in the sixties and seventies, and I think my mother bought a few out of curiosity. They certainly weren't a staple - ugh! I remember making my mother buy horrible cotton-like bread because I wanted the Bicentennial stickers (anybody remember those?). And yet that food was probably more nutritious than what we are feeding our children today - and there were no giant sodas.
I have busy children who sometimes have activities that keep them away from home at dinnertime. I hate those weeks - the dinner table is such an important place to reconnect at the end of the day. My wallet, their nutrition and our relationship all suffer when they are away from our dinner table too many nights a week. We are all sugar addicts but we are working diligently on taking better care of ourselves, and that means real food as much as possible. Fruit, nuts and cheese will make you feel so much better than granola bars or cookies.
Real food not only nourishes our bodies, it connects our souls and helps us feel rooted to our families and our land. What are you doing to feed yourself and those you love real food?
|Services from Congregation Beth Israel, Portland, Oregon - 506th phonecast||none|
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|Con buenas prÃ¡cticas agrÃcolas se cubre seguridad alimentaria||Sagarpa tiene cooperaciÃ³n de Israel, cuya innovaciÃ³n en el sector le permite producir 95 % de sus alimentos|
|Â¿Se leen los conflictos de manera distinta con el paso del tiempo?|
Por Sara Plaza
No deja de ser curioso observar cÃ³mo han ido evolucionando las distintas lecturas de los conflictos âtanto de los que ya terminaron, como de los que perduranâ a lo largo del tiempo. A veces, ni siquiera tienen que pasar siglos pues bastan unos pocos aÃ±os para hablar de modo distinto de un mismo problema que, indudablemente, con el paso del tiempo habrÃ¡ sufrido numerosos cambios para permanecer sin soluciÃ³n o terminar resolviÃ©ndose.
Se acaban de cumplir 60 aÃ±os desde la creaciÃ³n del Nuevo Estado de Israel en una regiÃ³n cuyos lÃmites y nombres han variado a lo largo de la historia.
Hagamos un poco de memoria y repasemos un pedacito de la que enmarca esa zona.
Los primeros restos humanos datan de hace 500.000 aÃ±os. Doce milenios a.C. la cultura Natufiense elaboraba herramientas de madera, piedra y hueso, y las primeras comunidades agrÃcolas se asentaron en aquellos territorios entre el 10.000 y el 5.000 a.C. Nuevos grupos migratorios que utilizaban el cobre llegaron de una cultura originaria de Siria, y entre el 3.000 y el 2.200 a.C. fueron creadas las primeras ciudadesâestado cananeas independientes. Las civilizaciones de Egipto, Mesopotamia, Siria y Fenicia tuvieron gran influencia en CanaÃ¡n a travÃ©s de las relaciones comerciales y diplomÃ¡ticas que establecieron entre sÃ, y en 1190 a.C. arribarÃ¡n los filisteos, quienes se mezclarÃ¡n con las poblaciones locales e introducirÃ¡n el uso del hierro y del carro tirado por caballos.
Se estima âaunque algunos historiadores cuestionan incluso su autenticidadâ que entre 2.000 y 1.000 aÃ±os a.C., Abraham marchÃ³ desde la antigua ciudad de Ur (antigua Mesopotamia) hasta HarÃ¡n (actual TurquÃa), y que una vez allÃ se apartÃ³ de su tribu y dejÃ³ de lado la idolatrÃa para encaminarse, junto a su familia y rebaÃ±os, hacia CanaÃ¡n y fundar âpor mandato celestialâ un pueblo monoteÃsta. Los cananeos denominaron a AbrahÃ¡n, Ibri y quienes le acompaÃ±aban serÃan conocidos como ibrim ("del otro lado"), palabra que dio origen al tÃ©rmino "hebreo". Se cuenta que Isaac, el hijo de Abraham, se trasladÃ³ todavÃa mÃ¡s al sur de esa "Tierra Prometida", hasta el desierto de NÃ©guev y que el menor de sus hijos, Jacob, despuÃ©s de engaÃ±ar al mayor, EsaÃº, huyÃ³ a Mesopotamia, donde pasÃ³ a llamarse Israel ("El que disputÃ³ con Dios"). TambiÃ©n se dice que Israel tuvo 12 hijos y que su favorito fue JosÃ©. Ãl fue el primero de los hermanos en marchar a Egipto. AÃ±os mÃ¡s tarde, el hambre en CanaÃ¡n obligarÃa a los demÃ¡s y a su padre a seguir sus pasos. Con la llegada al poder de RamsÃ©s II los judÃos fueron esclavizados y no serÃa hasta la apariciÃ³n de MoisÃ©s âal parecer llamado tambiÃ©n por Dios para refrendar el acuerdo celebrado con Abraham y guiar a los israelitas a la tierra prometidaâ, y el azote de aquellas famosas siete plagas cuando el faraÃ³n permitiÃ³ salir a los esclavos de Egipto. Durante 40 aÃ±os estuvo MoisÃ©s en el desierto, al cabo de los cuales regresÃ³ a CanaÃ¡n. El testigo pasarÃ¡ entonces a su discÃpulo, JosuÃ©, quien recorrerÃ¡ el JordÃ¡n y tomarÃ¡ JericÃ³, para conquistar despuÃ©s toda CanaÃ¡n y repartirla entre las 12 tribus de Israel.
Durante los primeros siglos en CanaÃ¡n, los israelitas fueron gobernados por una sucesiÃ³n de "jueces". De ellos, quizÃ¡s el mÃ¡s famoso fuese SansÃ³n, traicionado por la filistea Dalila. El primer rey judÃo fue un guerrero campesino, SaÃºl, a quien sucederÃa en el trono su yerno David, vencedor en la lucha frente al gigante filisteo Goliat. Con el tiempo David conquistÃ³ una pequeÃ±a poblaciÃ³n en la colina de Salim y la convirtiÃ³ en JerusalÃ©n. Bajo la direcciÃ³n de su hijo, SalomÃ³n, estos pueblos alcanzaron su mÃ¡ximo esplendor, pero a su muerte las discordias internas desgarraron el territorio en dos nuevos reinos: Israel al norte y JudÃ¡ al sur (de ahÃ vendrÃ¡ la palabra "judÃo"). Estos reinos coexistieron junto a otros, entre ellos varias ciudadesâestado filisteas.
Las tribus del norte fueron vencidas por los asirios 200 aÃ±os mÃ¡s tarde y pasaron a ser conocidas como las "Diez Tribus Perdidas". En el 587 a.C. Nabucodonosor capturÃ³ JerusalÃ©n y los judÃos, junto al resto de los sobrevivientes, fueron llevados cautivos a Babilonia. Solamente se les permitiÃ³ volver cuando Ciro, el rey persa, conquistÃ³ Babilonia en el 538 a.C. El Imperio Persa caerÃ¡ ante las tropas griegas de Alejandro Magno y a los judÃos de JudÃ¡ se les limitarÃ¡ su autonomÃa religiosa y administrativa. Fascinados por la cultura griega algunos judÃos reformistas se enfrentaron a los mÃ¡s ortodoxos y esta divisiÃ³n interna, que terminarÃa en guerra civil, posibilitÃ³ la invasiÃ³n del sirio AntÃoco IV Epifanes. Los sirios serÃ¡n expulsados de JerusalÃ©n por Judas Macabeo en el 167 a.C. y los judÃos volverÃ¡n a progresar bajo los macabeos por un corto espacio de tiempo. En el 63 a.C. aparecen los romanos y llamarÃ¡n Judea a JudÃ¡, convirtiÃ©ndola en colonia y nombrando, aÃ±os despuÃ©s, a Herodes el Grande como "rey de los judÃos". Judea se rebelarÃ¡ contra el Imperio Romano en el 66 d.C. y el territorio serÃ¡ asolado por las legiones de Vespasiano y JerusalÃ©n tomada por su hijo Tito en el aÃ±o 70. Los judÃos se diseminarÃ¡n y Judea junto con Galilea, Samaria e Idumea serÃ¡n conocidas a partir de entonces como una nueva provincia romana denominada Siria Palestina en honor a los filisteos.
En los siguientes siglos esta zona sufrirÃ¡ otras muchas ocupaciones. Entre ellas las de los Ã¡rabes allÃ¡ por el 636, de los cruzados en 1099, de los tÃ¡rtaros en 1244 y de los turcos en 1517. Para ser nuevamente ocupada en el siglo pasado, durante casi tres dÃ©cadas, esta vez por los britÃ¡nicos. Al finalizar la Primera Guerra Mundial, Gran BretaÃ±a habÃa vencido a los turcos otomanos con la ayuda de rebeldes Ã¡rabes, pero no pudo cumplir su promesa de crear un gran Estado Ã¡rabe independiente porque en el 1920 Francia expulsarÃ¡ al rey Faisal de Damasco y Gran BretaÃ±a darÃ¡ prioridad a los acuerdos con los franceses. En 1920, el Consejo Supremo Aliado (Gran BretaÃ±a, Estados Unidos, Francia, Italia y JapÃ³n) se reuniÃ³ en San Remo y Gran BretaÃ±a aceptÃ³ un mandato para Palestina, aunque quedaron pendientes las condiciones y los lÃmites del mismo. En 1922, la Liga de Naciones le conferirÃ¡ a Gran BretaÃ±a dicho mandato internacional en esa regiÃ³n, donde ya se habÃa concedido a los judÃos el derecho a organizar su hogar nacional. HabÃan pasado cinco aÃ±os de la declaraciÃ³n de Balfour, en la que se reconocÃa la conexiÃ³n histÃ³rica del pueblo judÃo con Palestina. Durante el mandato, mientras Gran BretaÃ±a favorecÃa a los judÃos, Ã©stos mantuvieron una polÃtica de negaciÃ³n de la poblaciÃ³n autÃ³ctona.
En los aÃ±os que siguieron a las Segunda Guerra Mundial, el control britÃ¡nico sobre Palestina se volviÃ³ cada vez mÃ¡s incierto. Finalmente, a principios de 1947 el gobierno britÃ¡nico anunciÃ³ su deseo de finalizar el mandato argumentando que era incapaz de encontrar una soluciÃ³n aceptable para ambas partes, la judÃa y la Ã¡rabe, y cediÃ³ su responsabilidad sobre Palestina a las Naciones Unidas. Ãstas aprobaron la particiÃ³n del Mandato de Palestina en dos estados, uno Ã¡rabe y otro judÃo, quedando el Ã¡rea de JerusalÃ©n bajo control internacional. Los lÃderes judÃos estuvieron de acuerdo, pero no asÃ los Ã¡rabes palestinos. No obstante, el Nuevo Estado de Israel fue proclamado el 14 de mayo de 1948, y los estados y ejÃ©rcitos Ã¡rabes vecinos atacaron Israel inmediatamente despuÃ©s de su declaraciÃ³n de independencia provocando la guerra Ã¡rabeâisraelÃ de 1948. Durante esta guerra, de acuerdo a las estimaciones de Naciones Unidas, alrededor del 80% de la poblaciÃ³n Ã¡rabe tuvo que abandonar el paÃs. Al finalizar el conflicto armado, Israel quedÃ³ establecido la mayor parte del territorio mientras que la restante, que comprendÃa la Franja de Gaza, el margen occidental del rÃo JordÃ¡n y JerusalÃ©n del este, fue ocupada por Egipto y Jordania, y conquistada con posterioridad por Israel durante la Guerra de los Seis DÃas en 1967.
Hasta aquÃ el ejercicio de memoria y esbozo de la historia que les proponÃa.
Veamos ahora cÃ³mo se han tratado un par de momentos de la mÃ¡s reciente en dos textos que estuve consultando estos dÃas mientras revisaba lo expuesto hasta ahora en un par de enciclopedias. Uno de ellos es el artÃculo "El sufrimiento como identidad" escrito por el periodista especialista en polÃtica internacional, AndrÃ©s Criscaut, en la ediciÃ³n internacional para Argentina del diario Le Monde diplomatique, "el DiplÃ³" de mayo de 2008. El otro es un libro titulado "Israel" de Robert St. John y los redactores de LIFE en espaÃ±ol, publicado en 1962 perteneciente a la colecciÃ³n "Biblioteca Universal de LIFE en EspaÃ±ol".
AsÃ es como AndrÃ©s Criscaut escribe sobre lo sucedido entre 1936 y 1939:
"Los Ã¡rabes de Palestina, tanto urbanos como campesinos, se vieron por primera vez solos y ante una colonizaciÃ³n judÃa que creciÃ³ de 12.500 personas en 1932 a 66.000 en 1935, cuando se intensificÃ³ la huida de la Alemania nazi.
Entre 1936 y 1939 se produjo una revuelta espontÃ¡nea âsimilar a la ocurrida en la Ãºltima dÃ©cada con las dos Intifadasâ compuesta bÃ¡sicamente por campesinos y marginados de los centros urbanos, conocida como al Gran Revuelta Ã¡rabe de Palestina, y que tomarÃa por sorpresa a la pequeÃ±a elite de dirigentes palestinos (sÃ³lo un 9% participÃ³, y menos de un 5% dirigiÃ³ acciones armadas o de guerrilla).
El levantamiento, si bien fue disparado por los desafÃos y las inequidades ante el creciente enclave judÃo en el Mandato, tuvo una orientaciÃ³n abiertamente antibritÃ¡nica, ya que la Corona era responsable directa de este desequilibrio. Pero en su etapa final terminÃ³ siendo una verdadera guerra civil entre palestinos. La revuelta puso en serios aprietos a la administraciÃ³n del Mandato, que desplegÃ³ mÃ¡s tropas en la pequeÃ±a zona de Palestina que en todo el subcontinente indio". (p. 33)
Y de esta manera lo hace Robert St. John:
"A mediados de la dÃ©cada de 1930, el antisemitismo de Alemania, Austria y Checoslovaquia, y la renuencia de Australia y de los paÃses aÃºn poco poblados de AmÃ©rica a abrir sus puertas a los judÃos que huÃan de Europa Central para salvar sus vidas, hizo que muchos de Ã©stos optaran por buscar refugio en Palestina. Ahora los Ã¡rabes, en seÃ±al de protesta, organizaron una rebeliÃ³n en gran escala que principiÃ³ durante la primavera de 1936. Los motivos comenzaron en Jaffa y se extendieron a todos los lugares donde habÃa Ã¡rabes y judÃos. Hubo muchos muertos y la vida en las poblaciones se trastornÃ³ por culpa de un paro general decretado por los Ã¡rabes. Los britÃ¡nicos enviaron fuerzas militares desde Egipto, Malta y la propia Inglaterra y finalmente el orden fue restaurado". (pp. 39â40)
HabrÃa mucho en lo que fijarse, pero lo que primero llamÃ³ mi atenciÃ³n fue que el primero denomina revuelta a lo que el segundo considera rebeliÃ³n, y la espontaneidad atribuida a la primera se contrapone con la organizaciÃ³n de la segunda. De lo que no quedan muchas dudas es de los mÃ©todos britÃ¡nicos.
FijÃ©monos ahora en cÃ³mo ha cambiado, en el transcurso de los 44 aÃ±os que separan la escritura de St. John de la de Criscaut, la denominaciÃ³n de la contienda que finalizÃ³ en 1948, un aÃ±o despuÃ©s de que las Naciones Unidas decidieran dividir el territorio de la Palestina britÃ¡nica en dos estados, uno judÃo y otro Ã¡rabe.
"Para los israelÃes, 1948 fue el aÃ±o en que los judÃos ganaron la âGuerra de la Independencia' y crearon el Estado de Israel. Para los palestinos, fue el aÃ±o de la Nakba (el Desastre), el aÃ±o en que perdieron Palestina y su sociedad fue devastada". (p. 33)
St. John manifiesta:
"Pero durante la guerra que siguiÃ³ al retiro de las fuerzas britÃ¡nicas en 1948, [JerusalÃ©n] fue escenario de sangrientos combates entre israelÃes y Ã¡rabes ... desde que rechazaron a los ejÃ©rcitos Ã¡rabes ... [los israelÃes] orgullosamente llaman a esta contienda âGuerra de la LiberaciÃ³n'". (pp.12â14)
En las lÃneas extractadas ambos textos hablan de los mismos hechos, Â¿cÃ³mo pueden parecerles tan distintos a sus autores? Â¿Ha sido el tiempo el causante de sus diferentes miradas? Â¿Se ha modificado con Ã©l nuestro propio anÃ¡lisis? Opino que el tiempo juega un papel importante, pero quizÃ¡s nuestros prejuicios intervengan mucho mÃ¡s. En muchos casos, cuando no contamos con la experiencia o la informaciÃ³n suficientes âo recibimos informaciÃ³n incorrectaâ los autores y los lectores seguimos partiendo de ideas preconcebidas para llegar a conclusiones preconcluidas.
Antes de finalizar esta entrada, les invito a que busquen y hagan lo posible por encontrar y sentarse a ver la estupenda pelÃcula del director Severio Costanzo, "Private" (Italia, 2004, 35mm, AM13, 90'). Fue premiada en varios festivales y Costanzo recibiÃ³ el David di Donatello al director revelaciÃ³n en 2005. PodrÃ¡n ponerse un poquito en la piel de una familia palestina a quienes el ejÃ©rcito israelÃ les confisca su casa. TendrÃ¡n oportunidad de hacerse un montÃ³n de preguntas y posiblemente no encuentren muchas respuestas, pero vale la pena quedarse con la duda y seguir pensando sobre ello.
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|Little League Lament||I guess something had to really annoy me to get me out of hibernation - and this is it:|
Whose bright idea was it to run a bunch of little league games on the Sunday of Erev Shavuot??? The whole notion is just so, so wrong.
Why is it a wise idea to have people who will be ostensibly pulling all-nighters to learn for Shavuot spend the day leading up to it exhausting themselves by running around coaching/playing ball in 85-degree temperatures?
Also, did it occur to whichever shul youth directors or league organizers who planned the little league calendar that perhaps us mothers stuck in the kitchen simultaneously attempting to clean up from Shabbos and cook for Yom Tov might prefer to have an extra couple of pairs of hands available around the house to help out or to run errands?
If little league participants can get a week off for the Salute to Israel parade, there's no reason that the kids can't get another week off to properly prepare for the holiday of Matan Torah. There are some games scheduled for 3 PM on Sunday - which means there will actually be games in progress until just a few hours before the Chag begins!
It just seems to me to be a poor lesson for our children to be learning. I'm all for kids getting exercise and participating in team sports, but is it absolutely necessary to have them doing so in such an awkward and inopportune time slot? I'm sure not. The whole point behind the Orthodox little leagues is so that games can be scheduled for Sundays instead of Saturdays as in typical leagues, which would preclude Shomer Shabbat kids from participating. The decision to run the games this Sunday hardly seems to be in line with the concept of making the games in any way convenient for Orthodox participants.
Which reminds me of a similar situation we found ourselves in this winter. One of the orthokids plays in a popular hockey league in a local Orthodox high school. Games are generally played on weeknights. Somehow, it was decided when the calendar was planned that the Thursday night of Thanksgiving was off-limits for scheduling games, yet there were games scheduled for every night of Chanukah - and even running into the time to light candles, which meant that the whole family had to delay candlelighting until after my child's game. All in all, a poor show of prioritizing for my kids, in my opinion.
But hey, that's just me.
|More Obama-Bashing||This is classic (emphasis all mine):|
Assemblyman Dov Hikind yesterday predicted that Jewish voters would make "a mass movement toward Sen. McCain" if Barack Obama knocks Hillary Rodham Clinton out of the race in tomorrow's critical Democratic primaries.Huh? It "scares the hell" out of Hikind that Obama says you can support Israel and still be for giving up land for Israel? What world does he live in? Does he think Hillary Clinton feels otherwise?? Most US politicians would admit that any peaceful settlement would include some concession of land to the Palestinians. Does Hikind actually expect Mr. Obama to take a public position on the matter that is to the right of GWB's current position?? And then what? Flip-flop after the election to a position more in line with just about every other politician in the country?? That sounds like a super idea. And did Mr. Hikind somehow miss when Mr. Obama clearly rejected and denounced Mr. Farrakhan, and called him out for being an anti-Semite? That Mr. Hikind feels that Obama hasn't distanced himself enough from Rev. Wright, who is claimed to be close to Farrakhan, is no more than guilt by association. Is such association more or less damning than Mr. Hikind's past association with Meir Kahana's militant Jewish Defense League and various other controversial settler groups?
I would guess Mr. Hikind is simply trying to do more of the same ignorant fearmongering about Obama that we have seen recently from other members of the Jewish community.
|Local Rabbi Has it in for Barack Obama||On the heels of one local Rabbi who made what can be misconstrued as an inappropriate comment regarding Barack Obama a few weeks back, another local Rabbi really went to town on the candidate in shul today. In a diatribe that, according to my unofficial polling, many congregants present found completely improper, he went off on Obama in a completely over-the-top fashion. The Rabbi criticized Obama's position Israel, and said he surrounds himself with Sonei Yisrael (haters of Jews) and Sonei Eretz Yisrael (haters of the land of Israel). The Rabbi compared Mr. Obama to Haman, to FDR (that people loved FDR too and didn't realize what a Rasha he would turn out to be), and in what should really just invoke Godwin's Law, he actually |
Now, I don't believe at all that Obama is anti-Israel. I just don't. Aside from these compelling arguments (I, II, III), I just refuse to believe that the candidate has ulterior motives regarding Israel based solely on a whisper campaign regarding false claims about Obama being Muslim - as opposed to on his good record on Israel issues. I had a conversation with a very intelligent and well-read family member who completely believed the forwarded e-mail she received that claimed that Obama is Muslim (false), was sworn into office on a Koran (false), and she even went so far as to call me out as being "naive" for not believing those claims, and for not seeing as clearly as she does that Obama is nothing more than a Trojan horse for terrorists. It was truly painful.
But all things considered, not as painful as a religious leader making such claims from the pulpit in front of a captive shul-going audience. That's just plain wrong.
*UPDATE: Edited to concede a valued commenter's point that it was not a direct comparison between Obama and Hitler, but a reference (though clearly a reference inviting a comparison).
|Another Ban||It's about time:|
Leading rabbis and the Jerusalem Municipality have joined forces in a battle against the widespread habit of smoking in the haredi public, in light of studies indicating that the sector has the highest rate of smokers in Israeli society.As opposed to last week's screed against Jewish music concerts, this is a ban I can wholeheartedly get behind.
I lived in Israel for a time, and I will never forget the sight on Purim day of Charedi adolescents smoking cigarettes all over Jerusalem. Smooth-faced young boys were dragging away on cigarettes at every street corner. In certain Israeli Charedi circles it's almost as if allowing adolescents to smoke is one of the positive commandments of the Purim holiday - almost as widespread as the widely kept Purim "mitzvah" of drinking enough to vomit all over the sidewalk.
We can only hope a Rabbinic ban on underage drinking on Purim is soon to follow.
|Quick Thoughts on the Concert Ban||Reading about the recent Jewish music concert ban and the resulting cancellation of a widely promoted upcoming Jewish music concert in Madison Square Garden made my head spin. How did this happen? I mean, I know that a similar ban had gained foothold in the Israel Charedi world - but for some reason I thought things were different here. There are also apparently members of the Israeli Charedi community who seem to find it appropriate to spray women dressed in clothing deemed inappropriate with bleach, or get violent with a woman sitting at the front of a public bus. I guess I should have paid closer attention to the warning bells going off in the back of my brain. After all, recent events have brought us a boycott over headshots of women displayed in a storefront on a main public thoroughfare, and calls for elementary school Rebbes to stop playing ball with their Talmidim - we've even graduated to rioting over in the ostensibly more mixed Charedi neighborhood of Boro Park (before you disagree, remember that in BP, as compared to the Israeli Charedi neighborhood of Bnei Brak, men and women still shop in the same stores and walk on the same side of the street, and restaraunts in BP still seat groups of men and women eating together).|
But I can still admit to being shocked that views that I consider to be so extreme have started to affect my world. Do I expect a Jewish music concert ban to come to the more moderate Yeshivish/Charedi Lite segment of the Five Towns any time soon? Well, no... but I am starting to worry that the possibility might not be as implausible as it seemed just a few years ago. I know locals who had planned to take their kids to the now-canceled concert in question - their kids were (almost) as excited for the concert as the multitudes of shrieking tween girls I saw lined up in a news story about a Hannah Montana concert. I'm not suggesting that Orthodox Jews need our own version of Hannah Montana, but I am suggesting that kids need an outlet that allows them the opportunity to have some fun and let off some steam.
The Jewish Star actually reports that the text of the ban would seem to imply that all Jewish music concerts are affected - though a Rosh Yeshiva who signed the ban seems to dispute that, leaving the whole situation a bit confused:
...the text of the ban was identical to that of a ban enacted in Israel last year, which succeeded in shutting down a joint performance of Mordechai Ben David and Avrohom Fried. It included references to Israel and called for a complete end to Jewish music concerts. That made it unclear if the document was intended to apply only to the Madison Square Garden event, or if American Charedi rabbonim intended to follow the lead of Israeli colleagues and enact a sweeping prohibition against Jewish music.I can certainly get behind the sentiment that our kids need an outlet. It's one thing to live a lifestyle that encourages our barely pubescent kids to spend long hours in the Beit Midrash, 6 days a week. I can fully appreciate that sort of commitment to Torah study - but how can we realistically expect our kids to sign on for said lifestyle when the opportunities for getting some release via "kosher" fun get taken away, one by one? Are we entering an era where just about everything we teach our children includes the word "don't" or "can't"? Say it ain't so...
|Freakonomics on Shemita and the Law of Unintended Consequences||The always-interesting Freakonomics guys (Steven D. Levitt and Stephen J. Dubner) had a fascinating column in this weekend's NYTimes Magazine. It covers the law of unintended consequences and links some seemingly unrelated topics:|
What do a deaf woman in Los Angeles, a first-century Jewish sandal maker and a red-cockaded woodpecker have in common?I recommend reading the column to find out - as well as to catch how the Shemita-year device of Heter Mechira figures into the discussion. Though their point - that every action can incur all manner of unexpected results - might seem obvious, it doesn't make reading about some specific unintended consequences any less interesting.
This is the relevant passage from the column as regards to Shemitta and Heter Mechira:
How long have such do-good laws been backfiring? Consider the ancient Jewish laws concerning the sabbatical, or seventh year. As commanded in the Bible, all Jewish-owned lands in Israel were to lie fallow every seventh year, with the needy allowed to gather whatever food continued to grow. Even more significant, all loans were to be forgiven in the sabbatical. The appeal of such unilateral debt relief cannot be overestimated, since the penalties for defaulting on a loan at the time were severe: a creditor could go so far as to take a debtor or his children into bondage.They make an interesting point. When the Shemitta-year law of forgiving all debts created a situation in which those who needed loans were being refused in pre-Shemitta years, thus harming those (the poor) who most needed the reprieve ostensibly offered by Shemitta, Hillel instituted a system whereby that unintended consequence could be averted. However, while the law of Shemita that commanded that all fields must lie fallow may have allowed poor Jews living in Israel to help themselves to produce during that year, the similar though admittedly far more recently instituted Heter Mechira has not at all been accepted among Charedi Jews. This has created a situation where the Charedim, some of whom number among the poorest of Israeli citizens, instead spend their meager funds on imported produce to avoid buying fruits and vegetables grown on Jewish-owned land with a Heter Mechira - or worse, these families are forced to go without much in the way of fresh produce altogether.
Now, the fact that that individual Halachot might have unintended consequences is far from a Chiddush. I think it's fair to state that just about every law - whether religious or secular - will have some unintended or unplanned-for consequence. Nor should that fact necessarily be a criteria to attempt to change normative Halacha. That said, there is a halachic concept of considering the societal or financial fallout of a psak before rendering it. I have personally seen such a practice in action, when in a situation that forced me to ask a Shaila of a quite eminent Rav regarding the need to replace a certain kitchen appliance that had been rendered unkosher. When I posed the question to the Rav, his first ruling was that we were required to replace a certain component of the appliance only, as opposed to the entire appliance. When I mentioned that I had researched the pricing and found it almost as expensive to do so as to replace the appliance entirely, he paused, told me he was unaware as to how costly the component in question was, and told me to call him back later that evening after he did some research. When I called back later that evening he had decided on a more lenient ruling, and told me how to perform a technique to kasher the appliance instead of replacing the component or the appliance entirely. At first blush, that might seem to be a cop-out of sorts, a less than strict adherence to Halacha in the face of what might have amounted to a bit of financial discomfort. But clearly this very learned Rav felt comfortable amending his ruling based on the hardship a stricter ruling might cause. I should probably add, however, that the same Charedim who do not hold of Heter Mechira might very likely not hold of the ruling I received regarding my kitchen appliance. I will also add the the usual disclaimers regarding how one ruling has absolutely nothing to do with the other aside for the seeming differences in flexibility when it comes to the question of a strict adherence to halacha when it imposes financial hardship.
Some might also find it interesting that the very same Rav who gave me my kitchen appliance psak does not approve of eating produce grown with Heter Mechira. So in the interests of full disclosure, I must note that the OrthoFamily ourselves do not purchase Heter Mechira fruits and vegetables.
(A previous post on Heter Mechira.)
|Go Directly to IVF - Do Not Pass Go?||A new study seems to suggest that couples suffering from infertility should not waste their time or money on less invasive fertility treatments, but instead should con sider going straight to in-vitro fertilization:|
So it makes sense that some researchers are pushing to skip the middle step and go straight to IVF when the first-round effort fails. In a study presented last month at the annual meeting of the American Society of Reproductive Medicine, doctors from Dartmouth Medical School and Boston IVF concluded that women who were fast-tracked to IVF got pregnant three months faster on average, and spent $10,000 less than those who went through the usual preliminaries.Considering how many couples I know who tried most or all of the less invasive treatments before finally being successful with IVF, this study would seem to be recommending the exact opposite approach. What's particularly interesting is that I had a conversation with a close friend regarding the halachic parameters of fertility treatments, and her halachic authority was definitely recommending that she and her husband try other treatments before approaching IVF, and seemed to treat IVF as pretty much a last resort (short of treatments such as surrogacy and sperm/egg donors, which can raise more complicated halachic questions). One of the reasons seemed to be a psychological - that the couple should not pull out all the stops treatment-wise, and then be dejected if the holy grail of fertility treatments doesn't show immediate results. While I can understand the motivations behind that, this study would seem to show that such waiting, considering the lower rate of success from the less involved treatments, might be more of a cruel and unusual psychological punishment in and of itself, as the article notes:
Shorter waits bring welcome psychological relief. One study claimed that women going through infertility treatment were as distressed as women diagnosed with cancer, heart disease, or HIV. Fast-tracking can mean fewer episodes of dashed hopes. That could lead to less depression, anxiety, and stress, which hurts marriages and, some claim, may lower one's chances of conceiving.Another reason seemed to be because her Rav was concerned about the supposed higher rates of multiple births with IVF, and the fact that such multiple pregnancies entail a higher risk for both mother and children - however, that IVF does have a higher propensity for multiple births seems to be disproved from the study noted above.
The first is the potential to prevent higher-order multiple birthsâtriplets, quadruplets, and beyond, which carry a greater risk to the mother's and babies' health. Women who get pregnant from injections with insemination face a 10 percent to 15 percent chance of carrying litters because the drugs can make them release six or more eggs. There's no way to control how many get fertilized. With IVF, by contrast, doctors create embryos in a lab and choose how many to transfer back to the womb, bringing the risk of triplets and beyond down to 2 percent to 4 percent. (The odds of conceiving triplets naturally are between 1 in 6,000 and 1 in 8,100.) That IVF figure is likely to decline further as doctors increasingly transfer fewer embryos.So the question is, will the halachic recommendations change as a result of these findings, as the medical recommendation is hopefully going to - if they haven't already? Feel free to chime in with your experience as to whether halachic guidance given to infertile couples jibes with this medical recommendation to fast-track IVF. Though I know a few people who received halachic guidance to wait on IVF until other treatments have been tried, I know of at least one friend, living in Israel, who received a psak to go straight to IVF - but that obviously might have been complicated by her specific situation. So I'd love to hear some weighing in - anecdotal though it might be - on what seems to be the halachic consensus at this moment.
More on halacha and infertility here, from the indefatigable Chana's excellent notes from a medical ethics conference she attended at YU.
|Heroine of the Day||Here:|
It has been 62 years since deaf and mute Irena Walulewicz risked her life to save a Jewish neighbor from the Nazis, but her heroism was never forgotten.
|Shabbat Gadgets||I thought this was interesting:|
Observing Shabbat but have to call your grandmother? Have to have a cup of coffee when you come back from weekend services? The halachic institute for science and technology has just the thing for you.I can't imagine that these products are going to gain much popularity in the ultra-orthodox community, as trade minister Yishai suggests in the article. I just don't see invisible ink pens or Shabbat phones making their way into Charedi homes for regular use on Shabbat and Yom Tov. That said, the gadgets would probably prove very useful in the army, or for hospital or Hatzalah use. Even though, as the article notes, using a phone or a pen isn't an issue in Pikuach Nefesh (life-saving) situations, it would be interesting to see these products in use for situations that are not clearly life-or-death. The products might also hold interest for those who are less observant, and would consider using a non-Shabbat phone or pen on Shabbat. In a case such as that, why not use one specially made to skirt the prohibitions of Shabbat?
|F35 LOCKHEED MARTIN|| |
Dodici miliardi di euro, una finanziaria potenzialmente spesa in 90 cacciabombardieri F35 Lockheed Martin, mentre il paese langue in una delle sue peggiori crisi, con una disoccupazione giovanile terribile un P.I.L. negativo, tagli in atto su tutti i fronti, anche a servizi essenziali come scuola, giustizia, previdenza e sanitÃ (settori in cui a dire il vero, molto puÃ² essere fatto per contenere le spese). A tutto questo si aggiunga un abbattimento selvaggio dei risparmi degli Italiani e una pressione fiscale diretta ed indiretta a livelli ormai insostenibili ed il quadro a tinte fosche Ã¨ completo.
La prima domanda che sorge Ã¨ come sia possibile, come possa accadere che sia aperto un capitolo di spesa enorme a fondo perduto (i cacciabombardieri non fanno certo uscire dalla crisi) in un momento di cosÃ¬ grande difficoltÃ . Per trascurare a denti stretti i risvolti etici di una scelta di questo tipo e senza che un Parlamento ormai in vacanza e ipnotizzato da tempo, sia scosso da un moto di orgoglio e indignazione corale.
La Lockheed in passato non Ã¨ stata estranea al pagamento di tangenti al fine di corrompere politici e governanti. Visti gli interessi in gioco, influenzare le scelte Ã¨ stato storicamente un costo sostenibile, e si noti bene a livello Europeo e di gerarchie militari.
Cosa Ã¨ cambiato oggi? Qui possiamo farci unâidea del progetto e sbirciare fra gli ordini. Come mai lâItalia dopo USA e Gran Bretagna ha la maggior commessa allâinterno della UE superando per ordini uno stato come Israele (con ben altre problematiche di difesa)? Come mai paesi nella tempesta economica come Spagna, Grecia, Irlanda, Portogallo, i P.I.G.S. per intenderci, ne sono rimasti saggiamente fuori? Domande per ora inevase. Mi chiedo dove siano i giornalisti dâinchiesta, mentre sulle testate dilagano scialbi opinionisti con la barba grigia o bianca, o massicci pachidermi in vena di pontificare per lâuna o lâaltra parte, consiglieri di principi inesistenti. Questo atteggiamento della maggior parte dell'informazione serve solo a conservare interessi particolari, distrarre, non far ragionare, ma far parteggiare, quando invece ci sarebbe da scoprire quali sono le effettive e irrinunciabili prioritÃ di una spesa semplicemente folle. Quali sono le minacce alla nostra integritÃ nazionale che la giustificano in un drammatico frangente economico come lâattuale?
Una penosa evidenza Ã¨ manifesta. Quella di apparati, in questo caso lâesercito, che in modo autoreferenziale si cibano di risorse economiche senza alcuno scrupolo, mancando evidentemente da decenni urgenze difensive a livello nazionale ed Europeo. Detti apparati cannibalizzano lo stato di cui dovrebbero essere componenti, divorando capitali che potrebbero aiutare la crescita economica, produrre occupazione e ricerca. Si sa allâinterno di dette strutture questi e anche danni peggiori sono considerati collaterali, necessari e sostenibili. Lo sono anche per i comuni cittadini?
Ci sono organizzazioni, in questo caso gli eserciti, che hanno la tendenza ad autoalimentare il loro potere ed inevitabilemnte ed indipendentemente da chi le guida si espandono nel corso dei decenni come una proliferazione cellulare incontrollata e possono arrivare allâestremo di soffocare lo stesso organismo che dovrebbero proteggere, lo Stato, come accaduto in America Latina, Africa e Asia a piÃ¹ riprese. La mancata cancellazione di questa assurda commessa per 131 velivoli da combattimento, passata ora a 90 velivoli, certificherebbe lâavvenuta separazione fra gli interessi dei cittadini e del paese, ora in una gravissima crisi, rispetto allâesercito che dovrebbe tutelarne il benessere. Eâ una divaricazione da evitare salvo poi andare incontro ad amare conseguenze.
|Why Anthropologists Failed to Boycott Israeli Academic Institutions||By: Lara Deeb and Jessica Winegar In 2016 the movement to boycott Israeli academic institutions for their involvement in the illegal occupation of Palestine both gathered significant steam and faced a huge roadblock. In the United States, the country that largely underwrites and funds the Israeli occupation, the call to boycott initiated in 2004 by … Continue reading Why Anthropologists Failed to Boycott Israeli Academic Institutions |
|Are Palestinian Scholars Our Colleagues? Boycott and the Material Limits of Friendship||Anthropologists for the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions publishes this powerful reflection by Alireza Doostdar on how opposition to the boycott rests on an unquestioned assumption that Israeli academics are our colleagues while Palestinian academics are not. This assumption is bolstered by the structures of inequality that the boycott itself is meant to address. Accept … Continue reading Are Palestinian Scholars Our Colleagues? Boycott and the Material Limits of Friendship |
|Violating the Right to Education for Palestinians: A Case for Boycotting Israeli Academic Institutions||Anthropologists for the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions presents anthropologists of education Thea Abu El-Haj and Fida Adely. The authors discuss the extreme violations of Palestinian youths’ right to education and why the boycott is an important and necessary tool for educational justice. Voting is open at the AAA until May 31. To vote “yes” … Continue reading Violating the Right to Education for Palestinians: A Case for Boycotting Israeli Academic Institutions |
|Why Iâm Voting for the Boycott Part 3: Itâs in the Resolution||This is the third post in a three-post series of personal reflections on the AAA boycott vote. The first post discussed my own childhood Zionist education, while the second post addressed the false claim that the boycott unfairly singles out Israel. Last November anthropologists attending the AAA business meeting in Denver voted by an astounding … Continue reading Why Iâm Voting for the Boycott Part 3: It’s in the Resolution |
|A Moment of Truth: On the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions||Anthropologists for the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions presents this timely and poignant essay by Mick Taussig, calling us to a moment of truth in the discipline. Addressing concerns about academic freedom in the larger context of the brute terror that the Israeli state inflicts daily upon Palestinians, he asks how History will judge our … Continue reading A Moment of Truth: On the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions |
|Why I have voted in support of BDS: Ghassan Hage||Anthropologists for the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions is pleased to present Ghassan Hage‘s eloquent essay on the urgency of voting for boycott in a desperate situation of settler colonial violence — where calls for more critique of the Israeli occupation and dialogue are simply not enough, and where the Israeli academy’s existence is dependent … Continue reading Why I have voted in support of BDS: Ghassan Hage |
|Why Iâm Voting for the Boycott Part 1: David vs. Goliath||UPDATE: The second post in this series is now up. And now the third post as well. Last November anthropologists attending the AAA business meeting in Denver voted by an astounding 1040-136 to endorse the resolution to boycott Israeli academic institutions, but this was just a resolution to put the boycott to a vote, not … Continue reading Why Iâm Voting for the Boycott Part 1: David vs. Goliath |
|A Smear in Disguise: Comments on Starrett||Anthropologists for the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions is pleased to presentÂ Charles Hirschkind‘s powerful rebuttal to Gregory Starrett’s recent essay in Anthropology News that discredits the call to boycott. Voting on the resolution to boycott Israeli academic institutions is open to all AAA members from April 15 – May 30. You can watch an … Continue reading A Smear in Disguise: Comments on Starrett |
|Dialogue as Diversion||Anthropologists for the Boycott of Israeli Academic Institutions presents this incisive critique of the dialogue approach to ending the Israeli state’s occupation. Fida Adely and Amahl Bishara reveal how calls for dialogue mask a grossly asymmetric power relationship between Israel and the Palestinians. For more information on the upcoming boycott vote at the AAA, Friday … Continue reading Dialogue as Diversion |
|Israel revisited||Back from the trip to Israel. Here are some observations (some of them just for myself, some could be useful for other tourists).|
It was a somewhat overwhelmingly social holiday, but it was awesome to see everyone we managed to see, and in fact we didn't even manage to see everyone who was there. Next time, I guess, or maybe they'll visit me here in sunny Finland.
Not surprisingly, there were a lot of historical sites, good restaurants, and awesome beaches.
I wasn't sure if the early November was a bit too late in the year, but it wasn't. The temperature varied from 16 (Jerusalem) to 32 (Ein Bokek), and there was just one rainy day. The water was warm (25 or so) both in the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea.
November is off-season, most national parks close early, like at 3pm.
Jerusalem is full of tourists, and Tel Aviv and the Dead Sea have quite a few, but the national parks are almost empty apart from some school groups.
There are a lot of public toilets, almost all of them free. The ones in the restaurants are often unisex. Although pretty much anywhere I've been in Asia, from Turkey to Japan, they had more public toilets than pretty much anywhere in Europe.
The public transportation doesn't work from Friday sunset till Saturday sunset. If you are not in a religious area, some restaurants and convenience stores will be open.
The stores appear to stop selling beer by 11pm. Not sure if it's a law, company policy, or Tel Aviv city ordinance.
They are building and renovating a lot.
Almost everyone speaks very good English, and a lot of people speak very good Russian as well, but most of the written stuff is written only in Hebrew, so unless you read Hebrew you will feel a bit lost while shopping for groceries. I generally asked some friendly local people for help, and they always helped.
The places we stayed at were Tel Aviv - Jerusalem - Ein Bokek - Haifa - Tel Aviv. Did day trips to Herodion, Sorek cave, Masada, Ein Gedi, Mamshit, Ein Avdat, Avdat, Beit Guvrin, Akko, Tel Megiddo, Beit She'an and Tsippori.
Here's place by place, with links to the pictures:
Tel Aviv: a big city with a lot of restaurants and the greatest beach ever. Lots of Bauhaus buildings but they didn't impress me. Some nice markets. Yafo old city. A very nice area in the old port.
Jerusalem: I am sure even a bad tourist guide will have more details than I can describe here. One thing that a bad tourist book might not mention: the Western Wall tunnels.
Herodion: Herod's palace. You can go up the mountain, and then down inside the mountain.
Haifa: many residential neighborhoods are on the mountain, which makes for pretty cool views on the city. The main tourist attraction is the Bahai shrine gardens. The area around Sderot Ben Gurion has a lot of nice cafes.
Akko: a very pretty Arab town reminiscent of a few medieval places in Southern Europe. An undeground tunnel, a pretty mosque, and the underground crusader city in the citadel. Don't miss the genuine crusader toilet seat.
Ein Bokek: a touristy place on the Dead Sea shore. There is nothing there, really, except some Russian tourists (not many, because it's out of season) and one decent restaurant, but the sea looks lovely at sunrise, and it's a good base for visiting a lot of sites. The biggest minus: the pool and the beach closed at 5pm. WTF is that?
Sorek (Soreq, Avshalom, whatever) cave: a little but beautiful cave with stalactites, beautifully lit. In a way you've seen one of them, you've seen all, but I still enjoyed it. Quite a way down from the parking lot. The tour was supposed to be guided and photography forbidden, but the guide didn't mind us wandering around and taking pictures without flash.
Masada: the famous fortress on a high hill. If your map app is showing you two entrances you really want to use the one from direction of the Dead Sea. This one has a cable car, the other ones doesn't.
Ein Gedi: we came there late and didn't see much besides the rock hyraxes. Loved watching the rock hyraxes though.
Mamshit and Avdat: old Nabatean towns. Very interesting. There are two more, but we didn't have time for that. If you have even less time, Avdat is the biggest of the four.
Ein Avdat, aka Avdat canyon, not to be confused with Avdat. A canyon right next to Avdat. Also a national park, with a separate ticket. The entrance about 4 kilometers north from Avdat (the only one Google Maps currently show) is the top entrance, from where you can look at the canyon from above, and are not allowed to go down (falling in is also forbidden). If you want to come in from below (that's where all the really nice pictures are taken) and climb up, use the entrance near Ben Gurion university (may the road signs be with you).
Beit Guvrin: that's a really big and great park, and when the park rangers tell you what to see in what order they really know what they are talking about. Bell caves (beautiful, unusual and easily accessible), Sidonian burial caves with paintings, the ruins of Maresha and much more.
Tel Megiddo: not really that much to see, except that you get to tell your friends that you've seen the real Armageddon site. If you do get up there, don't miss the Hellmouth, aka the water system. you can go down there. It's right on the way from Haifa to Beit She'an, so if you are going there you might as well.
Beit She'an: a huge and awesome Roman ruin. Don't miss.
Tsippori/Zippori: beautiful mosaics and lots of cactuses.
|Kritik an Twitter: Hassbotschaften in die reale Welt gesprÃ¼ht||Der israelisch-deutsche KÃ¼nstler Shahak Shapira hat in Hamburg Hassbotschaften vor das BÃ¼ro von Twitter gesprÃ¼ht. Er protestiert damit gegen die LÃ¶schpolitik des US-Konzerns.|
|âLa Fiestaâ dâIsrael GalvÃ¡n en direct du Festival dâAvignon le 19 juillet sur Arte : olÃ© !|
|16 vagas - IsraelÃ¢ndia/GO: estÃ¡ aberto concurso para gari - Ãltimos dias para garantir a participaÃ§Ã£o no concurso da Prefeitura de IsraelÃ¢ndia. As inscriÃ§Ãµes encerram dia 8 de marÃ§o||Ãltimos dias para garantir a participaÃ§Ã£o no concurso da Prefeitura de IsraelÃ¢ndia. As inscriÃ§Ãµes encerram dia 8 de marÃ§o|
|And the Oscar goes to...|
Alla vigilia lo avevano dato in rimonta su "Brokeback mountain": "Crash" di Paul Haggis ha vinto la statuetta di miglior film strappandola alla pellicola di Ang Lee, premiato come miglior regista. Miglior attore protagonista Philip Seymour Hoffman per "Capote". Miglior attrice Reese Whiterspoon per "Quando l'amore brucia l'anima". Nulla di fatto per Cristina Comencini candidata nella sezione miglior film straniero con "La bestia nel cuore".
"Brokeback Montain" e "Crash" ottengono tre statuette ciascuno, colonna sonora e migliore sceneggiatura non originale, al primo e montaggio e sceneggiatura originale al secondo. Un anno fa Hollywood scelse un altro film controverso, il capolavoro del conservatore Clint Eastwood "Million Dollar Baby" che racconta una storia di eutanasia.Â
L'Oscar alla carriera, giÃ annunciato da tempo, Ã¨ stato consegnato al regista Robert Altman che ha fatto il possibile per ricordare ai colleghi della Academy di essere ancora in piena attivitÃ , a teatro e al cinema. Ha sottolineato di avere subito un trapianto di cuore, lasciando con il fiato sospeso il Kodak Theatre: "Nel mio
|Ada Lovelace Day and The SAP Community Network||Thanks to a Facebook invite from the inimitable Sandy Kemsley , I learned about Ada Lovelace Day a few months back.|
Suw Charman-Anderson, herself a fascinating woman wrote: âI will publish a blog post on Tuesday 24th March about a woman in technology whom I admire but only if 1,000 other people will do the same.â
By the way, for those of you, who like myself werenât sure who Ada is, Suw Charman-Anderson explains: âAda Lovelace was one of the worldâs first computer programmers, and one of the first people to see computers as more than just a machine for doing sums. She wrote programmes for Charles Babbageâs Analytical Engine, a general-purpose computing machine, despite the fact that it was never built.â
Now as a value add in my job as an SAP Community Evangelist, I have the privilege of knowing some of the smartest techies on the planet. So my first and only challenge in role models was finding âAâ womanâ¦ as in limiting myself to a single role model.
I found that approach a tiny bitâ¦wellâ¦limiting. And soon realized rather than to try to name every remarkable woman in Technology I know or know of, I could introduce people outside my SAP Community Network and perhaps even inside that community, to some of the women of the community I admire. So Iâll name just a few (second huge challenge) of my local heroines and by linking you to their blogs, tweets, or wiki profiles allow you all the pleasure of discovery or perhaps further introduction.
Bhanu Gupta â I first met Bhanu during SAP TechEd in September 2006, when she attended the first Business Process Expert Day, but I had been a fan of this Business Intelligence nova for a long while before that, as she rapidly became one of the most prolific forum participants on the SAP Developer Network attaining top contributor ranking internationally. She told a great community story as many of the folks in the community didnât realize she was a woman.
Anne Kathrine Petteroe â Ann also told a great community story of how twitter facilitated our meeting her in the SAP headquarters during an SCN Meetup in Walldorf â Later, I had the privilege to meet with Anne again when she came to TechEd Berlin 2008 as one of the developers of ESME and a powerful contestant in âDemo Jamâ.
Moya Watson â Technical evangelist and all around SAP superstar, Moya, writes like a dynamo and shepherds software solutions to release. Moya introduced me to the world of digital anthropology through her blog posts on the SAP Developer Network and celebrated women in technology by pointing to the book O'Reilly Goes Live with Women In Technology Series
Dafna Yanay a tools mentor and community evangelist for Visual Composer . This Israeli who studied industrial engineering garnered comments and followers on her blog posts from every corner of the globe and is a frequent speaker at SAP TechEd.
Ginger Gatling was my teacher and mentor in a number of SAP related technical courses and has been a colleague for over a decade. Canât say enough good things about the way she transfers knowledge to thousands of people online and at live events. She has this way of explaining technology that makes you feel âyou get itâ. She introduced me to Susan Keohan who goes under the code name SAP Workflow Goddess and who is an active ASUG (SAP User Group) volunteer leader who in turn introduced me to Gretchen Lindquist who has been âworking in SAP Security since 1997â¦ the lead configurator and technical support analyst for an SAP partner system in her ERP landscapeâ and somehow it seems like Iâve know forever yet another ASUG leader Karin Tillotson, Technical Lead for Valeroâs SAP Data Archiving Project.
And lastly, one of my newest â¦and perhaps youngest heroines, another colleague and community member Jen Robinson whose simple list of places you can find her âElsewhereâ belies the depth, maturity and passionate commitment those activities have her engaged in.
And now since I see my list is already 9 women, Iâll conclude with a warm acknowledgment and shout out to the other techie women in our SAP Community Network, colleagues, mentors, fellow community members whose ranks thankfully are swelling and can be seen coaching Business Expert topics, mentoring developers, coding solutions, supporting process integrations and representing a world of talented women, who have chosen to follow a career path in technology.
|8 Things You (Probably) Didn't Know About Me|
When tapped to share â8 things you probably didnât know aboutâ James Farrar he noted that blogging is quite the âexhibitionistâ activity. Much of my blogging experience these past years has been more in audience capacity; a vicarious blog explorer, rather than an active onstage character. Vicarious means I observe certain events by âimaginative or sympathetic participation in the experiences of anotherâ.
2. When I was about 8 years old, I separated from my parents while on board the Sternwheeler (steamboat) called the "The American". We were visiting an ill-fated and short-lived amusement park in the Bronx (New York) called: Freedomland U.S.A. There is a certain irony to all this. The year was 1960 and the civil rights movement was coming into its own with the Greensboro Four staging a peaceful sit-in at Woolworthâs in North Carolina, breaking down the segregation walls in the south. Back on the steamboat, my parents found me quickly. I was staging my own sit-in of sorts, in the steamshipâs bandstand. There they found me sitting entranced on a trumpet playerâs lap. His name: Louie Armstrong. Iâve always loved his voice and music.
3. When I was 10 I decided to have a âpenny fairâ and created an amusement park in my yard. I gathered $5.57 cents from all of our neighborhood children (a great many pennies). Although rather pleased with my entrepreneurial success, I wound up donating the money to a school for mentally handicapped children. The principal sent me and the neighborhood children a very nice thank you letter.
4. When I was 16 I discovered that although my sister and I shared the same birth date, it wasnât the one recorded in our birth certificates. My mom had changed them both by a few days to give us the opportunity of starting kindergarten early. I think it was a shocking revelation that documents could be misleading or doctored.
5. At 20 I took a road trip across the US. It was the summer of â74 and in California, after a day of many driving mishaps; I got pulled over by the police. I had gotten a ticket earlier that day for speeding on the freeway. While paying my speeding ticket, I parked in a no-parking zone. I then proceeded to run a stop sign. It was a bad-hair driving day.When I saw the flashing lights in the rear-view mirror I was baffled. Couldnât think of a single additional infraction I might have committed other than the fact that our car was a real jalopy with only one workable door, totally dust-covered and we (my future husband and I) looked a bit like â70âs hippies after our 6 weeks on the road. I roll down my window (Iâm the driver) and ask: âyes officer?â, failing to notice the growing number of squad cars accumulating behind us. The policeman looks oddly tense. âDid you hear about the bank robbery?â, says he. âOh sureâ, says I., âIâm Bonnie and thisâ (pointing to my future husband) âis Clydeâ. The policemen werenât particularly amused as they pulled me out of the car thinking I was the fugitive kidnapped newspaper heiress turned militant, Patty Hearst .
6. I studied theater directing in the Tel Aviv University drama department. In 1979 I turned down an invitation by the national theater to assistant direct and work with theater luminary Joseph Chaiken on âThe Dybbukâ. What we do for love. I was expecting my first child.
7. In the early eighties, before âGlastnostâ and the subsequent transparency policies of Gorbachev, I went on a small mission to meet with prisoners of conscience and human rights activists in a number of cities in the Ukraine and found myself and travel partner âinterviewedâ by the KGB concerning our activities in each city. I think Iâm a âpersona non grataâ in the former Soviet Union.
8. In the middle nineties started a grassroots movement of citizens concerned about environmental hazards and the rights of local residents and was invited to speak in the Israeli Parliament, together with my Bedouin neighbors.
|Beyond holiday - putting a little "community care" in the luggage||Just as I was putting finishing touches on my personal end-of-2007 vacation itinerary and finalizing SAP TechEd '07 Bangalore plans, I met with James Farrar, who is VP of Corporate Citizenship at SAP and author of the sustainability and CSR blog: Wisdom of Clouds. This coincided with a growing interest of the SAP community members in such matters and plans for the launch of a new area under the Business Process Expert Community called Corporate Social Responsibility.|
I was very excited about the inauguration of the website: SAPfeedingknowledge and our SAP Community initiative to help provide "Food for Points".
But here I was ending the 2007 year with personal plans for a full month's break/vacation itinerary and the longest hiatus ever from my engagements with the SAP SDN and BPX community....or was it to be so? Was I to be a voyeur or an emissary in my travels, or a bit of both.
On Thanksgiving Day, November 22nd, 2007, my 16-year old son, Dahn and I set out for Bangalore with further plans for Cochin, Madurai, Vietnam and Cambodia. Upon arriving in Bangalore, we had arranged to link up with my dear friend of (gasp) 35 years, Naomi Tocher. Naomi is a Kiwi who, ever since we met volunteering together on a kibbutz in Israel those many years ago, has dedicated her life to working in social services and of late heads support services for interpreters and translators in New Zealand. Naomi, Dahn and I had been formulating our travel plans together. Naomi had almost apologetically suggested we detour a bit from the usual tourist stuff and get to interface with locals. She had many personal contacts from within the Cambodian and Vietnamese refugee resources she worked with, and so was able to broker some "home stays". She also raised the possibility of our visiting a Children's home outside of Madurai and perhaps a rehabilitation hospital in Cambodia and made the tentative arrangements.
We agreed, never guessing how the worlds of exotic adventure travel and a more humanitarian and human set of experiences would coincide.
What follows are some journal notes from one of the most intriguing, disturbing, inspiring and moving trips I have ever had the privilege of taking. And truly, thanks to all those that contributed to this enriching journey: family, friends, work colleagues and the SAP Community, which in this hyper-connected world of ours is also a combination of all those entities.Especial thanks to the generous, brave, kind and helpful people of all those places we visited. I hope to tell some of your stories.
December 1st, 2007
We call the Illam "Children's Home" (orphanage) in Nilakottai near Madurai and ask if we can visit and what we can bring. School supplies? Books? They modestly say fruit. So armed with the only shopping bag at our disposal we head off for the market to buy 70 kilos, one for each child we visit.
We are greeted by Mr Khader, the head master of the school. We are welcomed and introduced in the most delightful way. You can see more photos of our day with the students here.
Everything resonated goodness. The foundation DHAN associated with the school has a microfinance program at work helping empower women in the community. The school absolutely indoctrinates the children with the goals of professional achievement. And these children, many of whose families, if they have any, are so destitute that they cannot afford to have them schooled, are also imbued with a pay-it-forward education. Each child successfully completing this program has vowed to help another child achieve those goals as well.
And if I understand it correctly, this whole project started through an individual's vision and dream. Her name is Jean Watson, and she is a 74-year-old Wellingtonian (New Zealander) who spends some of her time with her community in India. I've just finished speaking with her by phone in Wellington and thanking her for the gift she unwittingly gave us as well. As I write this, my friend Naomi shares her correspondance with Jean.
Naomi writes to Jean:
"We received a beautiful welcome from the children, Gero, some teachers and Mr.Kadher. After a traditional welcome, the children danced for us, showed us around their home and talked with us. We sang them a song and began to teach it to them. We had a scrumptious lunch - the cook is a real find. We also visited the lush garden at the back of the Ilam and learnt of your future plans for it.
Genromani volunteers as a teacher and Mr. Khader encourages the students who engage with us, to share with us some of their dreams and aspirations: computer engineers, teachers, health-care givers abound in the breathless and excited gaggle of grins and curiosity about us. These kids have lofty goals. And they make us believe they will attain them. We came to bring gifts. The truth is we received them. Amazing what ordinary people can do....feeding knowledge.
|Reconciliation and Peace in the Middle East|
Let us ask ourselves forthrightly, which is the driver of human progressâtotal victory or reconciliation?
Imagine if current flashpoints in world politics - the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the Shia-Sunni divide, or the Syrian civil war, for instance - were to end in the total defeat of one side? The loss to human civilization would be so catastrophic that the mere thought of such a scenario should make even the most irrational actors think beyond narrowly-defined self-interests.
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|Israel's Blindness in Part||A new MP3 sermon from Center Effingham Baptist is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: Israel's Blindness in Part
Speaker: David L. Gilpatric
Broadcaster: Center Effingham Baptist
Event: Sunday Afternoon
Length: 30 min. (64kbps)
|Comentario en SERMON 15 EL VERDADERO CÃDIGO DE LA NACIÃN HEBREA â ISRAEL por Zuly||Equivocada estrategia en la lucha crnota el terrorismo isle1mico. No se puede dejar en libertad a quien predica el odio desde una mezquita.La lucha antiterrorista se tiene que luchar en muchos frentes. El militar es importante pero no el fanico. Hay que reformar las leyes en todos los paedses Occidentales para poner fuera de la ley a toda organizacif3n que predique el odio. A toda mezquita que sirva de soporte material o espiritual para cometer actos terroristas. Las leyes deben permitir la expulsif3n de individuos extranjeros que hagan apologeda del terrorismo.Parece que en Londres no tomaron nota del brillante e histf3rico discurso de Winston Churchill ante la ce1mara de los Comunes el 13 de mayo de 1940: Tenemos ante nosotros una prueba de la me1s penosa naturaleza. Tenemos ante nosotros muchos, muchos, largos meses de combate y sufrimiento. Me pregunte1is: bfCue1l es nuestra poledtica?. Os lo dire9: Hacer la guerra por mar, por tierra y por aire, con toda nuestra potencia y con toda la fuerza que Dios nos pueda dar; hacer la guerra crnota una tiraneda monstruosa, nunca superada en el oscuro y lamentable cate1logo de credmenes humanos. Esta es nuestra poledtica . No tengo nada me1s que ofrecer que sangre, esfuerzo, le1grimas y sudor .|
|Kommentar zu Absage Tutzinger Akademie â Wer macht hier Druck? von Hiltrud FÃ¼rst-Bransch||Es ist geradezu grotesk, dass alle Journalisten, Politiker und andere Instituionen sich Ã¼ber Erdogan empÃ¶ren und sein diktatorisches Verhalten und seine Maulsperre fÃ¼r Meinungsfreiheit als himmelschreiendes Unrecht anprangern, aber in MÃ¼nchen geschieht doch dasselbe im Hinblick auf Israel.
Leider hat der Akademiedirektor kein RÃ¼ckgrat - ist das in anderen StÃ¤dten Deutschlands genauso oder gibt es da noch Meinungsfreiheit in Bezug auf Israel? WÃ¤re interessant zu wissen.|
|Kommentar zu von Thomas de Lates||Gut, dass es diesen Newsletter gibt, der sich um die Belange der unterdrÃ¼ckten PalÃ¤stinenser kÃ¼mmert.
Und Danke, dass die Schikanen gegen friedliche Israelkritiker in Frankfurt angeprangert werden.
Schade, allerdings, dass in diesem Newsletter die nicht minder bedenkliche Tatsache nicht erwÃ¤hnt wurde, warum die Vereinigung Salam Shalom ab sofort im MÃ¼nchener Eine Welt Haus keine RÃ¤ume mehr bekommt, nachdem die Stadtverwaltung massiven Druck ausgeÃ¼bt hat - wegen angeblichem Antisemitismus in den Veranstaltungen dieser Gruppe.
Welche GrÃ¼nde haben Euch zu diesem Schweigen bewogen?
Thomas de Lates|
|Kommentar zu von Antonio Bruck||Nirit trifft den Nagel auf den Kopf. Es stimmt, sobald man die leiseste Kritik an Israels Siedlungspolitik etc. Ã¤ussert, wird man von irgendwem als antisemitisch beschimpft.|
|Israeli Soldier Elor Azaria Enters Military Prison||You can kind of tell from the smile on his face in this video that Elor Azaria is convinced he’s a hero. And of course he has been hailed as such in Israel. Not that shooting a bullet into the head of a semi-conscious man as he lay wounded on a city street required any […]|
|Roger Waters Blasts Radiohead for its Performance in Israel|
|Three More Senators Sign on as Co-Sponsors of Israel Anti-Boycott Act||Three more US senators have added their names as co-sponsors of S.720, the Israel Anti-Boycott Act, a bill that would make it a felony for Americans to support a boycott of Israel. The latest three senators to add their names are: Steve Daines of Montana, Jeff Flake of Arizona, and Richard C. Shelby of Alabama. […]|
|Ich will gegen das GelÃ¤ut der Leute â¦||Donnerstag: Israel baut 1.500 neue Siedlerwohnungen. Mal wieder. Gegen die Warnungen aller Freunde, allen voran die USA. Auf dem Ãlberg habe ich solche Siedlungen gesehen, zwischen der lutherischen Augusta-Victoria-Kirche und er Apostolischen Delegation: die Wohnungen sind illegal und werde noch … Weiterlesen |
|Flying Over the Boycotts of Israel||Howâs that movement to boycott Israel going?|
|The Next Israel-Hezbollah Conflict||During the Obama years, concerns about Israelâs security situation focused on the Iranian nuclear|
|Genesis: More and Less, Or, What I Didnât Learn in Sunday School||As I am preparing to teach the âChristianity and Judaismâ segment of my upcoming Humanities course, Iâve returned to some of the Biblical stories that I havenât thought about for many years. With adult eyes, training in literary and feminist theory, and quite a bit of distance from my evangelical Christian upbringing, I am discovering that many of these stories are quite different than I remember. Indeed, they are both more and less than how they were presented to me in Sunday School: more in that together they demonstrate the beautifully complex human construction of a religious tradition, a way of making sense of and being in an unpredictable and often brutal world, and less because, by way of uncompromising misogyny and an assumption of âracialâ superiority, they exclude most of humanity from the chosen people. For me, these stories represent a certain literary greatness, but I donât find them particularly helpful in guiding my own spiritual growth. In this post, I point out some discrepancies between the ways that these stories are typically taught in Christian settings to children in their spiritually formative years and how they are actually presented in Biblical verse. |
For the sake of brevity, Iâll just stick with one book, the foundational book of Genesis. And, as a disclaimer, I am no theologian, so my claims may not bear out against those of Biblical experts. All the same, my interpretations represent the careful, reasoned responses of a layperson to the incidents recounted in Genesis.
Here are some things about Genesis mythology that in my day wereâand likely still areâglossed over, misrepresented, or simply ignored in Christian Sunday School:
1. Genesis is clearly not a linear, singularly-composed narrative, and nor even are its individual âstories.â There are in fact two renditions of human creation, for example, and, whatâs more, they contradict each other. In the first one, God creates man and woman at the same time. In the second one, God creates man and then woman out of manâs rib. It is this second story which also includes the legend of âthe fall.â Indeed, there is no indication that âthe fallâ portion of the tale is connected in any way to the first story of human creation, which comes to a full stop before the second one is introduced with the concluding statement: âThese are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were createdâ (Gen. 2:4). One could easily read these two versions of the storyâone in which men and women are created as equals and God sees them as âvery goodâ (Gen. 1:31) and the other in which God positions man as superior to a female being who ultimately brings about the onset of human sufferingâas indicative of the changing status of women as ancient cultures moved from hunting and gathering to agriculture and, therefore, became more male-centered and militaristic over time. In any case, these are two different stories of creation, probably circulated orally in different eras and/or among different Hebrew sub-sets and likely recorded at a much later date as alternative versions of the same mythology. Other stories also repeat or overlap, such as the conception and birth of Seth, in Gen. 4:25 and again in Gen. 5:3. These repetitions of stories, of course, calls into question the belief, so relied upon in contemporary Christian churches, that the Bible is more than a book of stories, that it is in fact a divinely inspired narrative of the development of the one true religion.
2. In contrast to this belief in the singular âtruthâ of the Christian doctrine, Genesis presents the God of the Hebrews as not all that different from other gods of the ancient world. Indeed, the mythology surrounding this God is fairly unexceptional compared to that surrounding the gods of Mesopotamia, Greece, and Rome. Although most historians and theologians understand a monotheistic belief system as unique to the Hebrews, the assumed monotheism of this group is at least questionable. In one place in Genesis, for instance, God calls himself âusâ (Gen. 3:22). Most Biblical scholars argue that he is here referring to himself and his host of heavenly beings, namely the angels. This is problematic because it implies that he does indeed share power with other superior beings. Certainly, the angels interact physically with the characters of these Biblical stories, not unlike Athena in The Odyssey or Cupid in The Aeneid. Furthermore, in a couple of scenes at least, the narrator(s) refer(s) to an angel as âLord,â the same name that he also calls God (Gen. 16:11-12 and Gen. 19:2). Is it not likely that the angels are Hebraic representations of Zeusâs or Jupiterâs host of less powerful gods? It seems also significant that the narrator(s) implicitly compare(s) God to other higher beings by repeatedly referring to him as the âMost Highâ (Gen. 14:17-20). Clearly, God is the supreme protector and ruler of the Hebrews, but this doesnât foreclose the possibility that the people depicted in the Biblical stories believe in other opposing gods of surrounding peoples, just as the people of Uruk, for example, saw Inanna as their protectress from the powers of other Mesopotamian deities. It is certainly possible that the Hebrews perceived monotheism in very different terms than we perceive it now, in terms that allowed for the presence of âlordsâ in heaven and gods of other lands.
3. The mention of temple prostitution in Genesis also seems to imply a tolerance for other gods. In one scene, Judah has intercourse with a woman whom he assumes is a temple prostitute (Gen. 38). This scene is of course interesting in many ways. In that Judah is a married man, this storyâs inclusion in the book of Genesis might imply an early acceptance that male âneedsâ sometimes exceed legitimate female accessibility. Even more shocking, this anecdote might also indicate that the Hebrews did indeed worship gods other than God. Temple prostitutes were revered in ancient Mesopotamian culture as physical conduits to fertility gods and goddesses. Was Judahâs casual copulation with a woman he thought was a temple prostitute simply his way of getting the action he is denied at home, or is it an act of worship?
4. Whether or not he is the only god whom the Hebrews worshiped or believed in, the God of Genesis certainly behaves in ways similar to the polytheistic gods mentioned above. He engages in very human activities and acts upon very human emotions, for instance. In a seeming assertion of his superiority over man, for example, he wrestles with Jacob and, after much struggle, manages to land a final injurious blow to Jacobâs thigh (an incident that inexplicably leads to the declaration that Hebrews should consequently refuse thigh meat) (Gen. 33:22-32). God is also fickle, âopening and closing the wombsâ of Jacobâs wives with seeming caprice, for instance, transferring allegiance from Leah to Rachel and then back again as the two wives vie for the title of giving Jacob the most sons (Gen. 30). Finally, like other polytheistic gods, God requires sacrifice as a way of giving thanks and ensuring his continued good favor. I think that we can all agree that, as an institution, sacrifice makes no logical sense. Why would God need human food? Why would he require his people to give up their precious sustenance? Like all of the gods of the ancient world, though, God wants his choice cuts of meat. (In Exodus, in fact, it appears that his choice cuts of meat include first born sons [Ex. 22:29], but that is a topic for another day.) Godâs similarities to other gods clearly points to the development of the Judeo-Christian tradition out of the religious beliefs of other ancient cultures.
5. Again like other religious groups of the ancient world, the Hebrews of Genesis had no conception of hell, and instead seem to have believed in a shadowy underworld, a place that they called âSheol.â Pretty much everyone in Genesis goes to Sheol when they die, except for a few named exceptions in Gen. 5, who are chosen by God to join him in heaven. The fact that hell becomes part and parcel of Christian doctrine but does not exist in Genesis shows, of course, the fine-tuning of the Judeo-Christian belief system over time.
6. It is also important to note that, in Genesis, deceit is acceptable under certain circumstances. Both Abraham and Isaac, during times of famine or journey, lie in order to earn the favor of rulers in surrounding areas (Gen. 12, Gen. 20, and Gen. 26). Both, in fact, present their wives as sisters in order to allow the inclusion of these women into the royal harems of Egypt and then Gerar and to secure the aid of those in power. (In this way, of course, arranged prostitution seems also acceptable under certain circumstances; more on that later.) To name another example, Rachelâs theft of her fatherâs âhousehold godsâ (the existence of which also call into question the monotheism of the Hebrews) and her false insistence on being in âthe way of womenâ in order to disallow the search of her person for these items also show that it is okay to lie (Gen. 31). Whether Rachel took the idols because she wanted to deny her father access to their power or because she wanted to worship them herself, the implication seems to be that her quick thinking here aids in her husbandâs successful escape of his overbearing father-in-law, and, more importantly, Isaacâs return to his people and fulfilling of his important in Godâs plan for the Hebrews.
7. This brings me to a crucial point, perhaps especially for all of those female Sunday School teachers out there: with the possible exception of the woman in the first creation story, women in the book of Genesis exist only as tools through which men fulfill Godâs plan for the Hebrew nation. Women bear sons and, in this way, further the lineage of Godâs chosen people (read: chosen men). Now, this fact can become obscured by the rhetoric of the portions of Genesis that name both mothers and fathers as ancestors of important Hebrew figures. It would appear that, in this way, female lineage is as important as male lineage. Just as in other ancient cultures, though, it seems most likely that female lineage is presented as significant in this way only because it represents the joining of two male-headed households. Isaac, for instance, enjoins his son to find a wife among the daughters of Laban, his wifeâs brother (Gen. 28:1-4). Decrying other possible wives of the âCanaanite women,â Isaac thus works to ensure the pure Hebrew lineage of Godâs chosen people, Jacobâs sons who later become the heads of the tribes of Israel. Because women are important only in helping men to fulfill their covenants with God, it makes sense that they should be sacrificed sexually for the Hebrew cause when necessary. If Sarah or Rebekah must be prostituted for the patriarchs to avoid starvation or death, as I mentioned above, the stories in Genesis imply, then so be it.
8. Indeed, female sexuality is quite frequently presented as an invaluable bartering chip. To name another instance of male trading of womenâs sexuality, Lot is willing to hand over two likely adolescent daughters to a band of angry âsodomitesâ in order to preserve the purity of his male guests, saying, âI beg you, my brothers, do not act so wickedly. Look, I have two daughters who have not known a man; let me bring them out to you, and do to them as you please; only do nothing to these men, for they have come under the shelter of my roofâ (Gen. 19:7-8). As in The Odyssey, then, hospitality it tied to male honor, and women are sacrificed to preserve the ties between men.
9. As outrageous as it seems, the narrator(s) of Genesis present(s) women as taking pride in their purposes as embodied representations of the ties between men and as reproductive units. In order to ensure the continuation of their fatherâs male lineage, for instance, Lotâs daughters are, in a later scene, willing to deceive him into copulating with themâpresumably multiple timesâuntil both are pregnant with male heirs (Gen. 19:32-36). These nameless women are then venerated as the mothers of the male ancestors of the Moabites and the Ammonites (Gen. 19:37-38). When Sarah, Rachel, and Leah experience periods of barrenness (due to Godâs inexplicable âclosing of their wombsâ), they are ashamed and, in seeming atonement, offer their slave women to their husbands for the procurement of male children (Gen. 16 and Gen. 30). These incidents clearly show that women in Genesis are in fact rendered heroically when they prostitute themselves and other women for the future of Israel!
10. Now for a word about slavery: simply put, the early Hebrews were for it, and God never disallows it. (Even after their captivity in Egypt, not incidentally, the Hebrews functioned under codes and laws, passed directly from God to Moses, regarding the proper treatment of slaves, but that gets into Exodus.) What I am most interested in, though, is not slavery in and of itselfâbecause obviously it was a bad thingâbut the relationships between wifehood, concubinage, prostitution, and female slavery. All of these are mentioned in Genesis, and they seem to overlap in significant ways. As I have already demonstrated, wives and daughters are sometimes nearly prostituted (in each of the cases that Iâve mentioned, the âforeignâ men who are offered the Hebrew women in trade reject these offers), and slaves seem to be routinely prostituted. Also, it appears that many of the patriarchs of Genesis held multiple wives, concubines, and female slaves and seemed to use them somewhat interchangeably. There is a definite slippage between these classes of women, and one passage demonstrates this point most succinctly. It picks up after Abraham has already had Ishmael by Hagar, Sarahâs slave, and Isaac by Sarah. After Sarahâs death, âAbraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah. She bore him [six sons who went on to sire a total of ten more sons]. All of these were the children of Keturah. Abraham gave all he had to Isaac. But to the sons of his concubines Abraham gave gifts, while he was still living, and he sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward to the east countryâ (Gen. 25:1-6). In this passage, Keturah is given the title of âwife,â but she is clearly classed with Abrahamâs other âconcubinesâ when Abraham sends all of his sons away except for Isaac, whom God has chosen as a leader of the Hebrew people. Hagar is presumably also considered a âconcubineâ in this instance, as Ishmael is grouped in with all of the other sons who are sent away. In sum, it seems that there is little difference for a man of God in Genesis between a wife, a prostitute, a concubine, and a female slave. They each exist for the sole purpose of producing male heirs in the Hebrew line and aiding in male endeavors to fulfill pacts with God.
Culturally, historically, and literarily, the Biblical stories in Genesis are extraordinary. But their being taught to children in Christian settings as morality tales and as evidence of a coherent religious tradition is perplexing to me. The morality here is shady at best, and the tradition is almost certainly both composite and constructed to promote the solidarity and empowerment of an exclusive class of Hebrew men.
|Daily Jewce: Rabbi Opens Marijuana Dispensary, Jews who Mooned, and more|
In the news today: Gilad Shalit meets Mayor Bloomberg, lacrosse comes to Israel, Judd Apatow gives advice, and more Read More
The post Daily Jewce: Rabbi Opens Marijuana Dispensary, Jews who Mooned, and more appeared first on Jewcy.
|Exclusiva: Eva Ugarte, Israel Elejalde y JosÃ© Manuel Poga fichan por la 2ÂªT de âBajo Sospechaâ|
Se unen a Concha Velasco, Gonzalo de Castro, Leticia Dolera y muchos mÃ¡s.
La entrada Exclusiva: Eva Ugarte, Israel Elejalde y JosÃ© Manuel Poga fichan por la 2ÂªT de ‘Bajo Sospecha’ aparece primero en Mi Zona TV.
|A Wall in Jerusalem: Hope, Healing, and the Struggle for Justice in Israel and Palestine||
author: Mark Braverman
average rating: 4.50
book published: 2013
read at: 2017/07/20
date added: 2017/07/20
|The Israel Lobby and U.S. Foreign Policy||
author: John J. Mearsheimer
average rating: 3.92
book published: 2006
read at: 2016/10/05
date added: 2016/10/05
|Overcoming Speechlessness: A Poet Encounters the Horror in Rwanda, Eastern Congo, and Palestine/Israel||
author: Alice Walker
average rating: 3.90
book published: 2009
read at: 2016/05/23
date added: 2016/05/26
|One Country: A Bold Proposal to End the Israeli-Palestinian Impasse||
author: Ali Abunimah
average rating: 4.19
book published: 2006
date added: 2016/04/29
|Lonely Planet Israel & the Palestinian Territories (Travel Guide)||
author: Lonely Planet
average rating: 3.88
book published: 2015
date added: 2016/04/28
|Whose Land? Whose Promise?: What Christians Are Not Being Told about Israel and the Palestinians||
author: Gary M. Burge
average rating: 4.34
book published: 2003
read at: 2016/03/17
date added: 2016/03/17
|Muslim Liberals Caught in No Man's Land|
|Malala Yousafzai and the Missing Brown Savior Complex||On October 9, 2012, a Taliban gunman accosted a bus carrying 15 year-old Malala Yousafzai and her schoolmates, and coldly shot them at close range. The Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan not only claimed responsibility for the blatant assassination attempt of the teenage education activist, but as it emerged that Malala would survive the attack, the movement also reiterated its desire to kill her. Miraculously through the efforts of friends and family, the local community in Swat Valley where she is from and where she was shot, and the Pakistani army that airlifted her to Peshawar, Malala Yousafzai survived (as did the other victims). Given the seriousness of her condition, it was imperative she was treated by the best doctors, and a generous gesture by the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi allowed her to be flown by air ambulance to England for major surgery. Fast forward just one year later, Malala has recovered and is even more emphatic in her message against the Taliban, promoting the empowerment of young women like her across Pakistan, and all around the world. And expectedly, the global media, including The Daily Show's Jon Stewart, have been celebrating her courage (perhaps caught in the moment of it all).|
Great story, right? And what could be wrong about the alleged 'overexposure' of a young girl expressing words of peace and fighting for girls' education against a religious patriarchy? Apparently a lot. In fact, in Pakistan and in her hometown, her global coronation is treated with derision: "Malala is spoiling Pakistan's name around the world." Others have more sinister accusations of a CIA conspiracy involving both Malala and the gunman, claiming the entire affair is a Western plot. Yet, in recent days, an article written by a blogger in July on Huffington Post has been making the rounds on social media, entitled, "Malala Yousafzai and the White Saviour Complex." It argues, "Please, spare us the self-righteous and self-congratulatory message that is nothing more than propaganda that tells us that the West drops bombs to save girls like Malala."
The truth is there is no white savior coming for Pakistan or for any Muslim country, the vast majority of which are characterised by pernicious politics, inequitable economics, and irrational intolerance. Lecturing the chattering classes about geopolitical realties and distributing treatises on Western imperialism won't change anything. Fundamentally it will only be the indigenous leadership - helped or not helped by outsiders - that will drive change. Yet, when leaders do emerge, it seems that the local media (and now social media) are pre-occupied with tearing them down rather than building them up. People instead squander their energy on misguided diatribes, as the case of Malala has unfortunately shown. The real reason that the 'white savior complex' even is relevant is that we fail to champion the very 'brown saviors' in our midst.
Malala Yousafzai was thrust into the spotlight after her initial attack, which was so jarring that all Pakistani leaders came out in strong condemnation. Then Pakistani President, Asif Ali Zardari - himself a questionable character to say the least - labelling the attack as one against "all civilized people." Prior to the attack, Malala had rose to prominence as an activist, encouraged by her father, for girls education and against the policies and values of the Taliban, which was why she was targeted in the first place. Without picking up a gun, her message was considered a threat to their movement, which is amazing in it of itself. Yet, it was on July 12 earlier this year, speaking on her birthday to the United Nations that Malala brought tears to the eyes of millions of people around the world. Having remarkably recovered from her wounds (and having undergone partial facial reconstruction), and still facing death threats, Malala stood steadfast in front of a global audience, and spoke with fortitude and confidence: "The terrorists thought that they would change my aims and stop my ambitions but nothing changed in my life, except this: weakness, fear and hopelessness died. Strength, power and courage was born."
It was such a powerful moment, that almost every international news outlet carried the speech of this young woman live across the world. And for the first time in a long time, the Pakistani and Muslim in the spotlight was not an extremist but someone standing up to extremism. The plaudits continued to come, especially in the last few weeks, as Malala released a book about her experience and was awarded the prestigious Sakharov Prize from the European Union. In fact, she was the rumored favorite for the Nobel Peace Prize, which in the end was awarded to the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons, in a surprise but perhaps deserving win. Of course, the Western media in particular have a penchant for over-hyping (if not over-milking) and over-sensationalizing such stories of heroism. And it will be very difficult for Malala to not only live up to such hype but also to prevent the perception that she is over-shadowing other deserving heroes. Yet, is that not the story of all figures of change who inspire us? Was Nelson Mandela really the only Black leader in South Africa's prisons? Was Martin Luther King Jr. the only individual marching in the South? Was Aung San Suu Kyi the only fighter for freedom in Burma?
It does seem increasingly, however, that Malala is a leader denied a strong constituency back home. It is easy to dismiss the allegations that she is a CIA agent - although the photo-op with the Obama's won't help - as well as the gloating of Taliban supporters after she was not awarded the Nobel Prize. Yet it is harder to dismiss the cacophony of criticism in Pakistan, in Swat Valley, and on the social media pages of Pakistanis, and for that matter, Muslims from around the world. As one government official said: "Everyone knows about Malala, but they do not want to affiliate with her." The primary complaints include the following:
As with most disinformation campaigns, this one is based on kernels of truth. For starters, the world does neglect the stories of deserving others. One such example would be of the tour-de-force Pakistani social worker Parveen Rehman who was shot dead in Karachi earlier this year. Additionally, it has been the Western media that has largely driven the popular support for Malala globally; that, however, has to be attributed to the dismal failure of the Pakistani media to not do so instead (in my humble opinion). Finally, and the most valid critique is that the story of Malala should not negate the very pivotal role the United States and the West has played and continues to play in creating the current perilous conditions in Pakistan and in contributing to the deaths of innocents there, and in other countries.
Firstly, U.S. policy has been heavily involved in the rise of the Taliban in Pakistan, which it tacitly supported alongside Saudi Arabia and Pakistan's intelligence service in the mid-1990s. Moreover, the United States and Saudi Arabia (and some other Western and Muslim powers) cooperated to support radical jihadism (even printing textbooks to that effect for Afghanistan) and Islamism as a bulwark against the Soviet Union and communism. In fact, Israel also supported the radical group Hamas as a counterweight to the secular Fatah movement of then Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. Yes, the world was and is screwed up, and the powers of the world have much complicity in that.
Secondly, and more importantly, the military operations carried out by the U.S. in particular in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iraq have led to thousands of deaths of innocent people in recent years. These actions have largely gone unpunished and the victims have been forgotten. Certainly it is not just the Taliban that are killing and the world cannot dispense justice selectively.
Does saying all of that make Malala Yousafzai any less of a hero (or heroine)? Is her courage dimmed by the crimes of others? Is her movement for the empowerment of young girls in Pakistan any less important? Of course not. Criticisms of the West will bring no one closer to emancipation. And it cannot mask the very pure fact that today's purveyors of disaster and death in the world also include Muslims.
Who bombed the church in Peshawar slaughtering 85 worshippers? Who attacked Westgate Mall in Nairobi killing dozens of innocents? Who murders dozens of men, women and children in Iraq every week? When a Muslim rises up - a so-called brown savior - to fight such crimes and the movements behind them, we should put him or her on our shoulders and not try to chase that person into the darkness. There is no shame in admitting Brown and Muslim guilt in the world's crimes, and it does not negate the wider reality and context around the violence that does occur. In fact, our fear of partial guilt in particular should not misguidedly cause us to throw out the very sparse examples of (counter-) leadership in Muslim countries that emerge and strike fear in the heart of radical extremists.
It has become far too easy on all sides to blame the other rather than introspect inward. Above all, instead of blaming the West for its 'white savior complex' maybe it's time to develop our own brown savior complex to save ourselves from ourselves.
|The Goodness and Severity of God||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: The Goodness and Severity of God
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Romans 11
Length: 47 min. (64kbps)
Overview: In God's sovereign will He has allowed the nation of Israel to reject Jesus Christ as their Messiah for the time being so that the Gospel can be spread among the Gentiles. God will use the Gentiles to provoke Israel to jealousy in order to draw them back to Himself.
|10 Questions on the Conflict in Syria||A potential military strike by Western powers on Syria now appears to be a fait accompli and is being touted as long overdue. Given the spiralling humanitarian disaster that has overtaken the country during the last two years of conflict, continued inaction appears to be an untenable reality. The death toll is now well over 100,000 (although the proportion of civilians to combatants is unclear). There are 2 million refugees, half of whom are children, and over 4 million more internally displaced persons (IDPs), amounting to a quarter of the country's overall population. Yet, it was the apparent chemical weapons attack in the suburbs around Damascus known as Ghouta last week that has served as the impetus for international military intervention into the conflict. Amidst the rhetoric and war rehearsals, clarity on what is really happening seems to be cast aside in the media, in favor of faux-spontaneous leaks, retired generals, and trumpeters of past wars. Here are ten questions to try to set the record straight.|
1. Were chemical weapons used in Syria?
When the initial attack unfolded last Wednesday, August 21 in the suburbs in Damascus known as Ghouta (near the town/suburb of Jobar), news quickly spread to local, regional and international media. Claims were made of hundreds of deaths, with some activists claiming the death toll was 1,300. Moreover, the Government of Syria immediately denied responsibility and has continued to do so. However, the attack did unfold amidst a series of army strikes on Jobar, which is a rebel-held area, and has been for quite some time. The Government conversely claimed to find chemical weapons supplies in tunnels in the same area, and it is alleged that some Hezbollah fighters were also exposed to chemical toxins.
A week on, it appears incontrovertible that chemical weapons were used, not just from YouTube videos but also from visits by independent journalists, and of course by a report by MÃ©decins Sans FrontiÃ¨res that has documented at least 355 deaths from local hospitals. It is likely that the chemical agent used was a neurotoxin or nerve gas, most likely sarin gas. What is still not clear, is how they were delivered (i.e. in what form and carried on what type of weapon) and from where.
It should also be kept in mind that this was not the first attack that has been alleged. There have been numerous claims by rebels, and counter-claims by the government on the use of chemical weapons in the conflict. Here's a map of those events. In fact, this is precisely why the team of UN inspectors had arrived in the country, the day before this latest incident (and massacre) took place. In fact, what is interesting is that their investigation of other sites has now been put on the back-burner due to the latest developments.
2. Do we know who actually used the chemical weapons?
The United States, United Kingdom, and France have all stated they are certain that the Government of Syria has undertaken the attack last week. On the U.S. side, at the forefront of the rhetoric has been Vice President Biden - who has said there is 'no doubt' - and Secretary of State John Kerry, who made an evocative plea for action several days ago. Of course, the next speech is the most important, and it would be one made by President Barack Obama. In light of this certainty, it would be difficult to question the attribution of blame. A leak from the US government also claims to have intercepted a murky call between commanders in the Syrian army that supposedly is evidence of culpability on the Syrian side.
There is tremendous reason to doubt U.S. claims. Firstly, it should not be forgotten that then Secretary of State Colin Powell presented ironclad evidence to the United Nations Security Council of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) that Saddam Hussein possessed, a finding that was later proven to be utterly false, but which was the basis of a war that continues until today. Secondly, the U.S. claimed that there was incontrovertible proof that the Government of Syria was responsible for earlier chemical attacks this year, but that finding has been contested, and some experts apportioned blame to the rebels fighting the government. And finally, in this case, no evidence has been presented, as of yet to make such a determination, at least not conclusively.
Does that mean the Assad and his regime are not responsible? No. It is very likely given the ongoing military operations in the same area that the Syrian government launched such an attack. Yet, more evidence needs to be presented to make a definitive conclusion. The other scenarios that could be possible are:
- Extremists groups like Jubhat al-Nusra, who have previously seized advanced weaponry and possibly chemical weapons from Syrian army bases and positions, were attempting to use them on Syrian soldiers (or conversely to cast blame on the Syrian army);
- The Government of Syria inadvertently hit a stockpile of sarin gas releasing the toxins (although unclear if this would lead to the effects that we've seen); or
- Rogue elements within the chain of command used chemical weapons intentionally or inadvertently.
Russia, Iran and China have of course cast doubt on western claims but that is to be expected.
3. What would be the basis or justification for US intervention?
The U.S. intervention would likely be on the basis of Obama's previously stated red line on Syria, which would be the mass use/movement of chemical weapons. It is not in fact about humanitarian intervention and the Responsibility to Protect framework, developed in the 1990s to prevent genocide and mass civilian deaths. If it was, then the humanitarian case for intervention has been present for some time, and other massacres by the Syrian regime, such as in Houla in 2012, would have provided sufficient pretext. Obviously, the U.S. and other Western powers, and regional countries, have their own interests at play that are much more geopolitical in nature, but the justification or casus belli being offered is around the issue of chemical weapons, and chemical weapons alone.
4. Will anybody else be involved in the military strikes besides the US and will this affect whether they are 'legal'?
Given Russian and Chinese opposition, and a likely veto of any resolution by the United Nations Security Council supporting such a military strike on Syria - especially in light of the intervention in Libya, which Russia regretted supporting - a 'coalition of the willing' will need to be developed. This coalition would be broader than the Iraq War in 2003, and would be similar to the coalition carrying out the strikes against Serb positions vis-a-vis Kosovo in 1999. While the U.S., U.K. and France will likely lead an effort, Turkey would also be critical as a staging ground (as it borders Syria from the North), and thus there will be an attempt to launch such an attack under the auspices of NATO. Despite its reluctance, Jordan, given its reliance on the U.S. and Saudi Arabia politically and economically, will have no choice but to support . The two other neighbours of Syria, Iraq and Lebanon are squarely against any military strike. And of course, the other neighbor - Israel - would sit this one out but would provide intelligence to the U.S. and other parties on Syrian positions, given that it has already undertaken a number of air strikes on Syria in the past two years.
Further afield, it is likely the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) will support military intervention, with Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates possibly sending fighter jets to participate in a strike to give it regional cover and credibility. Finally, while many groups within the Arab and Muslim world, and the 'left' of the West, will oppose military intervention, many others will support it, because of the spiralling humanitarian situation in Syria.
Technically speaking if the military intervention is not sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council, and there is no imminent threat that the U.S. and other parties can point to towards its own territory or its assets, it would be illegal under international law. However, that has not stopped NATO or other countries (i.e. Russia in Georgia) form undertaking military action in the past. And before the Iraq War, some scholars claimed that while such an attack would be illegal it would be legitimate, and demonstrated retroactively to be legal. Given the state of world affairs, 'legality' is likely not a determining factor for a strike on Syria.
5. Are we seeing a repeat of Iraq in 2003?
No. The situation today with Syria is different than it was in 2003 in Iraq, for many reasons, despite some passing similarities. In Iraq, the U.S. claimed that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction while in Syria, we already know Bashar al-Assad possesses chemical weapons, and the question is whether he used them (small aside, it was released this week that thirty years ago, the U.S. obstructed a UN investigation when it knew Saddam Hussein had used chemical weapons). In Iraq, the U.S. alleged that Saddam Hussein had links with Al Qaeda (and related groups), while in Syria, Bashar al Assad is widely acknowledged to be fighting Al Qaeda (and related groups) in addition to the 'Free Syrian Army' (and in addition to crushing peaceful demonstrators). In Iraq, there was no active state of conflict that was leading to a spiralling humanitarian catastrophe (and the potential use of WMDs), while in Syria there is not just a violent conflict, but also WMDs have been used by somebody (even if the culprit is not yet clear).
What should be noted, however, is that both Iraq in 2003 and Syria in 2013, are in complex environments, and any removal of government or sustained military intervention would have dramatic unforeseen consequences. It seems like the media debate in the U.S. is also similarly anaemic (but slightly better) this time around.
6. What is the real motivation for the United States and other powers?
As with all things in this world when it comes to international relations, the primary interest is not humanitarian but geopolitical. This is not absolute, however, and it could be argued that Turkey has been insisting on humanitarian intervention from an early stage. However, the regimes (not peoples) in the Gulf, most notably Saudi Arabia, are exclusively concerned with dislodging Syria from the Iranian orbit, and severing connections between Syria and Hezbollah. Humanitarian concerns are a by-product. And for the United States, something similar is at play. As noted above, if this was about humanitarian concerns, action would have been taken long before 100,000 deaths had occurred.
For the U.S. it has been looking for regime change in Syria for a while. However, these strikes if they occur, will be about sending a message and asserting America's position in the Middle East, given the red line that Obama drew. Ultimately, it may tip the scales in the rebels favour or improve the U.S.'s negotiating position vis-a-vis Iran. The chemical weapons attack in a morbid way, opened a door of opportunity for Western powers (with GCC support) to do something limited without a full-scale intervention.
7. Will military intervention solve the Syrian conflict?
No. Military intervention no matter how small or how big will not solve the Syrian conflict. In fact, it could very much exacerbate the situation on the ground even further (if that can be imagined). What is being reported currently is that the U.S. and allies will undertake a series of 'surgical strikes', a euphemism for a large-scale assault on key military and strategic installations, such as army positions, air bases, radar installations, communications infrastructure, supply routes, and, where appropriate, power stations (among other targets). More than anything this will be intended to send a message to the regime and weaken its capabilities. Yet, it would not be a fatal blow. And it would not necessarily tip the scales in favor of the rebels. It may in fact mobilize certain parties to support the regime, if there are civilian casualties from the intervention.
The solution to the Syrian situation has to be political, if it is going to lead to stability or peace. Yet, if the military intervention escalated and led to the removal of the Syrian regime, that would still not be the end of the conflict. After the Soviets were booted out of Afghanistan, the country devolved into a civil war for five years until the rise of the Taliban in 1996. Somalia has only recently stabilised (somewhat), more than 20 years after the assassination of its leader, President Siad Barre. And neighboring Lebanon, took 15 years of conflict (1975-1990) to reach an end, which was brought about by ironically Syrian military intervention (which committed its own crimes), that produced a - audible gasp - political settlement.
8. What could potentially go wrong?
Everything. The potential for disaster following military intervention in any country is great (see Black Hawk Down, Iraq, Afghanistan and the list goes on). Yet, in Syria it could be apocalyptic. Here is a list of what that could entail:
- Chemical weapons are used by Syria against its neighbors such as Jordan and Turkey, or U.S. military positions in those countries;
- U.S. planes/helicopters are shot down leading to an escalation of U.S. involvement requiring boots on the ground;
- Syria sends a volley of missiles into Tel Aviv and other places in Israel, leading to a regional war;
- Proxy forces of Iran, Hamas and Hezbollah, launch a sustained campaign against Israel/U.S. interests, including attacks embassies within Lebanon/Palestine/Israel but also in other countries, in the short and medium-term;
- Al Qaeda forces in the region, while opposing the Assad regime, oppose U.S. intervention especially if there are masses of civilian casualties, and use it as a pretext for attacks in places such as Yemen;
- Russia objects to the U.S. strike, and mobilizes warships to the Mediterranean, leading to a standoff with Europe and the U.S.;
- Negotiations with Iran, still in embryonic stages are suspended irrevocably;
- Six party talks with North Korea are suspended by Russia, China, and North Korea irrevocably;
- The Syrian regime goes all out in its conflict and begins to bomb with even more abandon civilian areas controlled by rebels, leading to thousands of casualties, and counter-massacres by enraged rebel fighters;
- The Syrian regime is removed by force from power by the intervention, leading to a power vacuum sinking the country further into civil war for over a decade of even more violent strife and a possible Al Qaeda style government;
- Tensions rise in the Middle East, especially in places of sectarian division (i.e. Lebanon, Yemen, Bahrain, Eastern Province in Saudi Arabia, and Iraq) leading to civil strife and attacks on governments, and counter-attacks on populations; and
- World War 3.
9. What could potentially go right?
It may seem that what is written above is slightly alarmist and that's true. Many things can go wrong (most of which, to be honest, are hard to predict as they will be unforeseen consequences or as Donald Rumsfeld, ironically calls them, unknown unknowns). However, the U.S.-led strikes could be quite effective. Firstly, if they are limited in scope, they can be completed in one day, reducing the risk for a military entanglement and civilian casualties. Secondly, if they are from the air, there is limited risk for casualties on the side of the intervening forces. Thirdly, an attack that is forceful and hits Syrian military positions, will send a message to Assad that there is a limit to what he can do, which thus far has not been the case, and may entice him to reach a political settlement. Fourthly, it is unlikely that the Syrian regime would retaliate, for a short strike on positions, against Israel, knowing that they cannot afford to fight a war on so many fronts (and thus far they have yet to retaliate to any Israel air strike). Finally, the systematic destruction of Assad's air capabilities could be instrumental in limiting civilian casualties by the regime in the future.
All of this is one possibility of what could occur.
10. Let's cut to the chase - should I support or not support military intervention?
There is no clearcut answer. Ultimately, military intervention should not be supported as a solution to the Syrian conflict. It is not, and whether we like it or not, a political solution/settlement is the only way the current situation moves towards peace and stability. The U.S. is negotiating with the Taliban. The Vietnamese negotiated with the U.S. The Lebanese negotiated with each other. The Dayton Accords to end the Bosnian War were signed with Slobodan Milosevic. It may not be easy, it may be unlikely, and it will not work perfectly, but political discussions involving all parties is the only way to find a real solution.
That being said, if a case is made with overwhelming evidence by independent parties (not U.S. conjecture) that chemical weapons were used by the Syrian regime, then military intervention on a limited scale, and for a period of 1-2 days only, should be undertaken, ideally with UN support - and if not with broad support of half of the members, i.e. 90, of the UN General Assembly to demonstrate legitimacy - against military targets only, which will both send a message about the use of these weapons and damage the capabilities of Assad.
What is clear is that whatever happens, there are no clear answers with regards to the conflict in Syria.
|The Seed of Abraham||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: The Seed of Abraham
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Romans 9:1-23
Length: 47 min. (64kbps)
Overview: Paul so strongly desires that Israel be saved that he would be will to be accursed himself. With many Old Testament references Paul shows that God's promise to Abraham is given to all who believe in Jesus Christ. This does not change the fact the the promises to Israel are still to Israel.
|The Middle Eastâs New Divide: Muslim Versus Muslim|
This article appears on Al-Monitor.com, where you can find the full version.
On June 8, a devastating clash between residents and militia members erupted at the headquarters of the Libya Shield Brigade in Benghazi, Libya, leaving dozens dead and scores more injured. Meanwhile, the next day on the Sunday talk show circuit in the United States, amid continued partisan discussion of the September 2012 consulate attack in Benghazi, there was scant mention of the major clash from the day before. The disconnect exemplified the chasm between the new battle lines on the ground across the Middle East and the political discourse a world away.
For much of the last decade, most have digested the narrative of a Muslim-West divide. It was so pervasive that newly elected US President Barack Obama, portrayed as a symbolic messiah bridging two worlds, was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize before even completing a year of his term. Twelve years after the 9/11 al-Qaeda attacks, much of the discussion about the "Muslim world" has internalized this language, and why not? The conflict between the Palestinians and US-supported Israel remains unresolved, US drone strikes continue unabated in Pakistan and Yemen and terrorist attacks like the Boston Marathon bombing are still occurring in deadly fashion.
These days, however, one is more likely to see the burning of a Syrian government flag than an American flag amid the worldâs deadliest ongoing conflict, for which the United States is criticized primarily for not intervening. One is more likely to see Iraqis killed in a terrorist attack than Americans. In fact, in recent years approximately 90% of terrorism-related fatalities have been Muslim. One is more likely to see the demonization of a Shiite than a Jew by an extremist Muslim ideologue. The battle lines have shifted from Islam versus the West to Muslim versus Muslim, and it is time for politicians and pundits in the United States and the Middle East alike to catch up.
Read more: http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/08/new-middle-east-muslim-versus-muslim.html#ixzz2c5fRQCzj
|Another Coup for the Outgoing Emir of Qatar||In July 2010, the (now outgoing) Emir of Qatar, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, traveled to South Lebanon to bask in the gratitude for his country's largesse in supporting reconstruction following the Israeli bombardment just four years earlier. The $300 million (and beyond) committed by the Gulf state was very much appreciated by the Shiite armed movement Hezbollah, who ensured billboards in the South and on Airport Road in Beirut were decorated with notes of thanks to the Emir. It was a conspicuous visit because Qatar had stood out amongst the GCC in taking a strong if not controversial stand. Hand-in-hand with Hezbollah, the Emir, was not apparently one of the "half-men" that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad pointed to in the Gulf during the 2006 Hezbollah-Israel war. In fact, the Emir and Assad were quite close, if not close friends, and were frequently in touch. |
Yusuf al-Qaradawi who recently called for a Sunni-led jihad, and allying almost openly with Muslim Brotherhood movements in the region (which brought criticism from people as far afield as Egyptian satirist Bassem Youssef), has increasingly prompted the question: Has the politically adept Qatar lost its touch?
Once again, however, the Emir of Qatar (who I'll refer to by his initials HBK) shocked the region with another unprecedented move - this time the transfer of power to his 33-year old son Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad al-Thani (the 'new Emir'). In doing so, HBK put Qatar back on the political front-foot and raised the pressure on regional allies. And in typical style, he added another deft touch in his address to the nation with a quote (and the only quote outside from scripture) from Ali Ibn Abi Talib, the fourth Caliph in Islam and the first Imam of the Shi'a Muslims: 'Teach your children other than that what you were taught; as they are created for a time other than yours."
It was nearly 18 years to the day, on June 27, 1995 [although official Qatari sites list his 'start-date' as June 26] that the outgoing Emir, HBK, came to power in a bloodless coup with the aid of his current outgoing Prime Minister, Sheikh Hamid bin Jassim al-Thani (HBJ) and other figures. He dislodged his father, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad, at the time, under largely benign circumstances but also as Qatar was starting to truly increase its economic base. When HBK took the reigns, the country was bit-player on the regional scene, with a GDP of $8bn. Today, the country is a regional powerhouse, punching far above its weight with a GDP in upwards of $170bn. The transformation, after HBK's rise, began in a number of areas:
Yet, while the transformation of Qatar happened on several levels - and Sheikha Moza led a number of key initiatives that have separately built up the profile of the country - the Prime Minister & Emir particularly forged a formidable political duo, implementing a plan for political leadership which led to alternating reactions of admiration and consternation in the region. HBK & HBJ became in recent years, the guiding and influencing force on a number of key regional files. It was a strategy of multi-faceted engagement and relevance, often replete with paradoxes, that even until now has confounded observers and analysts, who were always late to the party in understanding and engaging with Qatar.
For example, while condemning Al Jazeera Arabic for links to Al Qaeda, the U.S. government in September 2002 began moving its Central Command (CENTCOM) Headquarters in part to Doha. Qatar maintained an Israeli trade office since the late 1990s (closing intermittently during the Intifada and in 2009 during the Gaza War), while also building up relations with Hamas throughout the 2000s. The country maintained strong links within the GCC, and also with Sunni allies such as leader of the Future Party Saad Hariri, but in 2008 it was their ties with Hezbollah that allowed them to forge the Doha Agreement, averting what could have been a dark period of civil strife in Lebanon. There was no end to the political engagement: peace talks on Darfur, engagement with the Taliban, mediation between Chad and Sudan, and the list goes on.
On the political level, while the period prior to the Arab awakening was characterized by engaging with a wide variety of stakeholders, in early 2011, it seemed that Qatar was starting to play a much more partisan role. Previous allies such as Syria's Assad, and Libya's Gaddhafi fell by the wayside very quickly, with Qatar in fact leading efforts in the fight to topple both dictators. And in other 'revolutionary' environments such as Egypt and Tunisia, where the ruling parties are Islamist, Qatar has become the political football for its perceived support for Islamist movements. Critics ask why figures like Qaradawi (mentioned above) are based in Qatar? Why was the state mosque in Doha named after the founder of Wahhabism, the particularly conservative brand of Islam, in 2011? And why has a station like Al Jazeera portrayed only one side of the story, often with an 'Islamic' bent, the last two years especially?
Yet, the criticism has only grown commensurate with the prominence of Qatar in the region. On one hand, the policies of Qatar were simply part of its strategy of engagement in the region, to demonstrate leadership but also fundamentally relevance - important for a small country that previously lived in the shadow of Saudi Arabia and Iran. The Arab uprisings and subsequent rise of Islamist movements in the region was a tremendous opportunity for Qatar to provide indispensable leadership. Yet, leadership and unique prominence, has consequences, and it is likely that the inflection point of a transfer of power, provides a moment for reflection, especially as the region comes to terms with its new (and oft-changing) dynamics. What was immensely popular in late 2011 no longer is definitively so. For example, in Egypt, President Morsi's approval rating has notably dropped from 70% to 40%.
Thus, the transfer of power to a new ruler, in Sheikh Tamim, means that Qatar can assess its strategic position and alignment. Perhaps, the country could benefit from a broader engagement given rising divisions in the region, and once again capture the role of lead mediator? Domestically, Sheikh Tamim will play close attention to catalyzing the role of his generation in the country's leadership. After all, Qatar had yet to enact the legislative or Shura Council that HBK promised when he rose to power, and enshrined in the Constitution ratified 9 years ago. The first step will be the announcement of a new cabinet that will replace what is increasingly seen as a gentrified political elite with new or younger faces. It is also expected that there may be a rise in salaries of Qataris employed in the public sector, at a smaller scale, however, to a similar announcement in 2011. Most important, however, will be a new dialogue and series of consultations that the new Emir will have with Qatari citizens, whose expectations have risen with new-found wealth and prosperity. In particular, with 70% of Qataris under the age of 30, engaging youth will be a priority. Do they feel included in the governance of the country and its institutions? Are there sufficient opportunities for employment and growth? And do public services meet their expectations?
As Sheikh Tamim assesses the domestic situation, he does have a strong ally in his mother, Sheikha Moza, and the institutions she leads that address youth, health and education. And he will rely on experienced hands like Sheikh Abdullah al-Thani to evaluate macro-projects like the Qatar World Cup preparations and the development of the national railways. Yet, both on the national and international fronts, the new Emir is not without experience or preparation. While observers were caught off-guard, it is thought HBK had planned for this day far ahead of time. The ascension of the Crown Prince to the leadership, began in earnest over the past two years. In fact, when significant announcements like the salary increase from 2011 were made, it was from Sheikh Tamim's office. He was also front and center, for example, when the move was made to shift Hamas headquarters out of Syria. And the then Crown Prince had been taking an increasing "foreign affairs role" amidst the Arab uprisings.
While the policies that Qatar will follow will likely be unchanged in the short-term, we will have to wait and see what path the new Emir forges in the long-term. Yet, his father has assured that he enters on the political front-foot. Even in his departure, the outgoing Emir left as he came in - with a coup. Upending traditions in the region, he ensured that he would leave the scene at the ripe (for the GCC) age of 61, leaving power to his son who is only 33. This is next to countries such as Saudi Arabia, where the King is 91 (if not older) and where power has never been transferred to the 'next generation', passed instead from brother-to-brother among the descendents of King Abdelaziz (since his death in 1953). Or take Bahrain, where the Prime Minister, Khalifa bin Salman, has helmed the government for over four decades without interruption.
Certainly, the move by HBK has not ushered in a democracy in Qatar; it is still an authoritarian state. And the ascension of Sheikh Tamim does not automatically assuage any of the concerns (real or perceived) ranging from migrant rights to nepotism to regional interference. Nevertheless, in its own way, Qatar has provided the region with a new revolutionary moment. Now we wait to see how the day-after, always the hard part, plays out.
|For President Obama on Day One: A New âNew Beginningâ||On Day One: A New âNew Beginningâ |
âA New Beginning.â Yet, as he begins a second term it is clear that this new beginning needs to be reinvigorated in both style and substance. That initial speech, while poignant then, today rings hollow. If indeed President Obama and the administration are to achieve a definitive step change in relations with Muslim communities, there must be a renewed effort for honest dialogue, robust development initiatives, and tangible shifts in policy.
At the onset of the Iraq War in 2003, President George W. Bush had abysmal numbers in many Muslim-majority countries. While 59 percent of Nigerians, 56 percent of Jordanians, and 46 percent of Pakistanis held confidence in Osama bin Ladenâs leadership, Bush was polling in the single digits in the same countries. By 2008, in countries like Jordan and Turkey, nearly 90 percent of people had âlittle or no confidenceâ in President Bush.
So when a young Kenyan-American Senator with Muslim roots, Barack Obama, emerged on the political scene, he was a welcome sight in even unsavory and sharply antagonistic corners of the Muslim world. In the midst of the political campaign even Hamas seemingly endorsed him saying, âActually, we like Mr. Obama.â Winning over Hamas never was (nor should it have been) a litmus test, but when President Barack Obama was elected, there was near universal euphoria across Muslim communities.
Early on, Obama and others in the Administration acknowledged the challenge in meeting these expectations. Even before he was inaugurated, the Administration was already planning to mark this ânew beginning.â Going into the heart of Cairo to engage university students in an honest speech about a real change in relations between the U.S. and Muslims was indeed something to be commended. Subsequent to the speech, the White House created a position on the National Security Council for Global Engagement, and the State Department launched a number of partnership initiatives. In the fall of 2009, D.C. played host to the Presidential Summit of Entrepreneurship that brought together 250 delegates from over 50 (mostly Muslim) countries.
Then the situation started to become more difficult. There are no easy answers in the complex geopolitical relations in the wider Middle East and beyond. When the Green Movement in Iran demanded democratic change, the Obama administration had to contemplate whether it was for engagement with âregimesâ or engagement with âpeoples.â One of the Presidentâs early visits was to Saudi Arabia to meet with King Abdullah prior to his Cairo speech, during which he said in reference to fundamental liberties, âThey are human rights, and that is why we will support them everywhere.â But during his visit with the King, there was deafening silence on this point. The advent of the Arab Spring made these dilemmas even sharper. Support democracy in Tunisia and Egypt at the last minute. Push democracy by force in Libya. Half-heartedly support it in Yemen. Remain frozen on Syria. Tacitly oppose it everywhere else.
While Obama has grappled with difficult decisions, as any President would, he also shirked following up on critical points he made during his speech in Cairo. For example, he declared, âI have unequivocally prohibited the use of torture by the United States and I have ordered the prison at Guantanamo Bay closed by early next year.â Guantanamo Bay remains open, almost glaringly so. And while, torture has allegedly stopped being an officially sanctioned practice, summary executions and civilian casualties by drone strikes have dramatically increased in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Yemen, and the Horn of Africa. The latter have led directly to animus towards Obama from within many Muslim countries.
Then there was the line in the speech about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: âThe United States does not accept the legitimacy of continued Israeli settlementsâ¦The settlements must stop.â Of course, they did not. In fact, in February 2011 the U.S. vetoed a UN Security Council Resolution that called on Israel to simply âcease all settlement activities in the occupied Palestinian Territory.â Out of 15 countries on the Security Council, the U.S. was the lone dissent (and of course the fatal one). This is not to mention that the U.S. also stood against 95 percent of the worldâs population in voting against recognizing Palestinian statehood at the United Nations General Assembly in November.
There were other elements of the âNew Beginningâ that were promised, particularly around education and entrepreneurship. It is true that the U.S. has now (co-)organized three global entrepreneurship summits, in D.C., Istanbul, and Dubai, the latter being held in 2012. Yet, it is also clear that beyond the pomp of a summit, the once-robust programmatic initiatives that have come out have been weaker. Leadership changes within internal initiatives, as well as those with partners, have meant stalled if not stagnant programming. The idea of connecting entrepreneurs between the Muslim world and the West is a mutually beneficial and powerful concept, but it has not translated into the impact it should have by now. In the last summit in Dubai, it was as if the institutional memory from three years ago was lost, and everything was starting again.
All this being said, there still exists the perception that relations have improved between the U.S. and Muslim communities. However, since 2009 and Obamaâs inauguration, positive views have been on a steady decline in Muslim countries, according to the Pew Global Attitudes Project. In 2009, 33 percent of respondents held confidence in Obama; that number slipped to 24 percent in 2012. In 2009, 25 percent of respondents held a favorable view of the U.S.; that figure dropped to 15 percent in 2012. Finally, approval of Obamaâs âinternational policiesâ fell from 34 percent in 2009 to 15 percent in 2012. Without a substantive shift, these numbers will continue to decline, further cementing the reality that there never was a new beginning.
Can things be turned around, given the current state of affairs? It would be misleadingly Pollyannaish to think that President Obama could snap his fingers and magically change opinion towards him from Muslim countries. Moreover, there are certain political realities that will remain. The U.S. will continue to be an ally of Israel. The U.S. will continue to fight terrorism. And the U.S. will not be able to fund new Marshall plans in the Middle East for the foreseeable future. Nevertheless, there is a lot that can and should be done.
At the outset, President Obama needs to re-launch a dialogue with the Muslim world. At the beginning of his first term he went to Cairo to give a speech. Perhaps he should go to Cairo in 2013 to have a conversation. In fact, since becoming president, Obama has visited only the country of his upbringing, Indonesia, apart from the initial trips to Saudi Arabia and Egypt (in addition to cloak-and-dagger visits to Afghanistan), within the Muslim world. Instead of distant speeches and dispatched drones, the Administration would be served by a President who is more engaged with his audience, through visits as well as frank and honest dialogue during those trips.
Although the U.S. will not reverse decades of support for Israel, it need not ally with the most extreme policies of the Israeli government. Continuing to be the lone voice at the United Nations and international community defending illegal Israeli practices is a sharp blow to many efforts of the Obama administration. There is no third-term, and the President should stop pandering to contrived political interests in Washington D.C. There are enough Jewish supporters, lobby groups, and intelligentsia, who would support a more moderate and principled set of policies towards the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
Israel is, of course, not the only foreign policy issue that should be of concern. The U.S., while acting in its national interest, should remain consistent in its language and support for key principles of human rights. It is when it becomes caught in naked hypocrisy that support for the Administration falls, whether in Bahrain in 2011 or Egypt in 2012, and a range of countries, perhaps, in 2013.
Finally, initiatives that can make an impact on tackling the economic despair for young people, like the 100 million youth who will enter the labor market over the next decade in the Arab world, need to be prioritized. There needs to be sufficient attention and support for the global entrepreneurship program that can truly support the emerging and exciting entrepreneurial energy in places like Amman and Ramallah, Karachi and Kuala Lumpur. The U.S. has the best soft-power in this area, from the start-up scene in Silicon Valley to MIT Labs, yet it is hardly deployed, even though the White House calls entrepreneurship, âa critical pillar of U.S. global engagement.â
There is a tremendous opportunity in President Obamaâs second term to catalytically shift relations with Muslim communities and turn potential adversaries into allies. If the status quo, however, is maintained in policy and practice, this opportunity will be lost.
This article originally appeared in the print edition of the Diplomatic Courier, in the January/February 2013 issue. It can be accessed online at: http://www.diplomaticourier.com/news/regions/middle-east/1315-on-day-one-a-new-new-beginning.
|When did Canada go wrong on Israel/Palestine?||A lot has been written in the subsequent weeks following Canada's strong stand and vote against Palestinian statehood at the United Nations. The government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper has stood shoulder-to-shoulder with Israel, in an almost intrinsic and essentialist stance. It is a relationship that Harper has said he would defend at any cost:|
There is a history of how Canada's policy towards the Middle East conflict has shifted from neutral peacemaker to partisan cheerleader over the last decade and it started not with the Conservatives but with the Liberal Party, particularly under Paul Martin's leadership. Yet a lot of what is out there in the media is based on revisionism. I wanted to therefore post for the first time, exclusively on these pages, the official policy of the Government of Canada back in 2001, just over a decade ago, on the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. It is in the form of a formal email that I received (as a freshman at Princeton!) from then Foreign Minister John Manley, clarifying Canada's position following the 'controversial' anti-racism conference in Durban that year. Obviously written by his policy team, it is still telling on the marked departure that Canada has taken from its more grounded and neutral past in the region.
Thank you for your e-mail of August 30, 2001, concerning the situation in the Occupied Territories, and the World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (WCAR) held in Durban, South Africa, from August 31 to September 8, 2001. I regret the delay in replying.
The Government of Canada has an ongoing dialogue, both in bilateral and in multilateral forums, with the Government of Israel concerning the general state of human rights, including minority rights. Canada does not recognize permanent Israeli control over the territories occupied in 1967 (the Golan Heights, the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip) and opposes all unilateral actions intended to predetermine the outcome of negotiations, including the establishment of settlements in the territories and unilateral moves to annex East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights. We consider such actions to be contrary to international law and unproductive to the peace process. Canada's policy on Palestinian refugees is based on UN Resolution 194 of December 11, 1948, which stipulates that refugees wishing to return to their homes and live at peace with their neighbours should be permitted to do so at the earliest practical date, and that compensation should be paid for those choosing not to return. Canada believes that the Palestinian refugee issue must be resolved in a manner in keeping with the spirit of Resolution 194 through negotiations among the parties directly concerned. Any solution must respect the rights, dignity and human security of the refugees, and should be consistent with international law. Canada also believes that the best way to ensure a durable peace is to offer the refugees real choices.
The international community must work with the parties to encourage them to live up to their agreements and continue the active search for a just peace. Both parties must work toward the complete cessation of violence and terrorism, stay committed to the Peace Process and build upon the real progress achieved at Camp David and Taba. Please be assured that we continue to monitor the situation closely, and stand ready to assist Israel and the Palestinians to bring about peace. The objectives of the WCAR were: to review all factors leading to racism; review progress in the fight against racism; increase awareness of the problem; and recommend new and improved measures to combat racism. Canada had hoped that the WCAR would lead to a renewed global commitment and action plan against racism and racial discrimination.
Canada stayed at the Conference in an attempt to ensure that the Declaration and Program of Action contained text worthy of global support, and to speak out against the elements of text that were inappropriate and unacceptable. At the closing of the WCAR, Canada believed it was necessary to issue a strong statement of reservation on the Declaration and Program of Action. Our concerns centred on inappropriate references to the Middle East, the failure to include the multiple forms and grounds for discrimination, and the issue of apology, reparations and compensation for slavery, colonialism and the slave trade. The Canadian delegation registered its strongest objections and dissociated itself integrally from all text in this document directly or indirectly relating to the situation in the Middle East. We have said, and will continue to say, that any language presented in any forum that does not serve to advance a negotiated peace that will bring security, dignity and respect to the people of the region is - and will be - unacceptable to Canada. A copy of a news release issued in this regard, to which Canada's statement of reservation is attached, can be found on our Web site at http:/www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca, News Releases and Statements.
However, these reservations should not overshadow the positive elements of the final documents, or the strong role Canada played in influencing progressive strategies for indigenous peoples and in encouraging the role of civil society, especially youth, in combatting racism, in particular hate on the Internet.
The issue of Zionism was excised from the United Nations' books in 1991. It had no place in the work of the WCAR. Canada strongly maintained its position that any attempt to equate Zionism with racism was unacceptable.
Canada remains committed to fighting discrimination in all of its forms, and will continue to channel its international efforts through the United Nations until a global consensus is reached in which Canada could join.
Thank you again for writing.
Yours very truly,
|Canadaâs UN vote against Palestinian statehood only empowers extremists|
This article initially appeared in the Toronto Star (December 2, 2012). The original article can be found by clicking on the title below.
âThis resolution will not advance the cause of peace or spur a return to negotiations. On the contrary, this unilateral step will harden positions and raise unrealistic expectations while doing nothing to improve the lives of the Palestinian people.â
It wasnât always this way. Canada traditionally played a much more even-handed role in the conflict, realizing the need to support both Israelâs security and Palestinian aspirations for statehood. But over the last decade Canadian policy on the Middle East conflict has become increasingly one-sided in its affinity for Israel. At the UN, Baird asserted that the resolution did not serve the interests of peace. Yet rather than promoting peace, the lonely Canadian UN vote only empowered extremists on both sides and could contribute to increased violence.
The push for recognition at the world body was the culmination of an effort that was launched roughly two years ago by the Palestinians, led by President Mahmoud Abbas. In his speech in New York, Abbas reiterated that this initiative was intended not to âdelegitimizeâ Israel but instead to âaffirm the legitimacyâ of Palestine. The campaign is one of only a few non-violent forms of activism left in the Palestinian arsenal to achieve a two-state solution.
After more than 64 years of dispossession and 45 years of occupation, Abbas and the Palestinian leadership viewed the UN vote as a light at the end of a very dark tunnel. That message resonated not just with countries that Prime Minister Stephen Harper could dismiss but also with democratic nations such as Norway, Spain, France, Japan, South Korea, New Zealand and Italy â not really a motley crew of rogue states.
It would be easy to ignore the significance of the Canadian vote. After all, itâs hardly news that under Harper Canadian policy has lacked balance. But today the Holy Land finds itself at a seminal inflection point, where there is a greater tolerance for intransigence on both sides. Coming out of the crisis in Gaza, where residents suffered massive casualties and destruction, Abbas was viewed as a weak, irrelevant figure. His invisibility, combined with changes in the wider region, has meant that the profile of Hamas has been raised. During the recent conflict, leading political officials from the Arab world met with senior Hamas figures in Gaza for the first time in five years.
Beyond this, among the Palestinian community, commitment to a two-state solution has been waning. It is no longer viewed as tenable given the growing encroachment of settlements in the West Bank. Leading activists have started to reintroduce the democratic solution that promotes one state in which there is universal suffrage, as in the South Africa model. For them, Abbasâs UN initiative was dead on arrival, regardless of whether it received support.
Against this backdrop, the Canadian governmentâs message is that this last-gasp support for a two-state solution and a peaceful Palestinian movement toward that end is âutterly regrettable.â Not only that, the government has also intimated it will review its aid to the Palestinian Authority.
There should be no illusions about what this means. Palestinians â after many decades of waiting â are looking for realistic traction toward self-determination. If the peaceful avenues leading to that end are closed, it will leave only the extremist approach. Hamas will point out that Gaza doesnât have any Israeli settlements, that their kidnapping of Israeli Gilad Shalit led to the release of Palestinian prisoners, and that Arab states are recognizing their leadership. And then they will ask: What has President Abbas done for you lately?
Beyond the question of whether Canada is on the wrong side of history, which hardly seems debatable, it now appears to be empowering violence and extremism. How can you support Palestinian statehood and a two-state solution and inexplicably oppose that very reality, claiming it is not conducive to peace? That cognitive dissonance should stimulate a deep examination of Canadian policy â there is a lot more at stake here than just a UN vote.
|Levite Cities & Another Altar||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: Levite Cities & Another Altar
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Joshua 21; Joshua 22
Length: 40 min. (64kbps)
Overview: Joshua allocates cities to the Levites and sends the two and one half tribes home. A controversy breaks out due to a misunderstanding. The eastward tribes built and altar as a memorial to remember the one true God but the rest of Israel misunderstood their intention and thought it was another alter instead of the true altar at the tabernacle.
|The Day the Sun Stood Still||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: The Day the Sun Stood Still
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Joshua 10
Length: 43 min. (64kbps)
Overview: God continues to give the Israelites victory over the Canaanites. In this passage He even makes the sun stand still for about 24 extra hours so that they may complete their victory.
|Deceived by Facts||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: Deceived by Facts
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Joshua 9
Length: 42 min. (64kbps)
Overview: The people of Gibeon fear the Israelites so they deceive them into believing that they are from a far country. The Israelites observe their old, moldy bread and their worn out clothes and believe their story. What they didn't know was the starting condition of these objects. This is similar to the way we can be fooled about the age of the earth. If we don't know what it was like at the beginning we can be deceived about how much time has past.
|Ambush at AI||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: Ambush at AI
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Joshua 8:1-22
Length: 42 min. (64kbps)
Overview: After Israel has repented and purged the sin from her midst, God gives a victorious battle strategy.
|An Accursed Thing in Israel||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: An Accursed Thing in Israel
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Joshua 7:13-26
Length: 29 min. (64kbps)
Overview: God reveals the cause of their humiliating loss at the hands of the citizens of AI. Aching had stolen gold, silver, and clothing from Jericho which had been expressly forbidden. God identifies the offender who is then destroyed along with his family and everything that belonged to him. He is buried in the valley of Achor -trouble-.
|Sin in the Camp||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: Sin in the Camp
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Joshua 7:1-13
Length: 28 min. (64kbps)
Overview: After the great and miraculous victory at Jericho Israel suffers a humiliating defeat at the small city of AI. God gave the victory at Jericho but the defeat a Ai was due to the sin of one man.
|Be Strong and Courageous||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: Be Strong and Courageous
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Joshua 1
Length: 39 min. (64kbps)
Overview: After the death of Moses, God command Joshua to lead the people of Israel into the promised land. God commands him to be strong and courageous to keep His law and promises him good success if he does.
|Entering Into His Rest||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: Entering Into His Rest
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Hebrews 4
Length: 32 min. (64kbps)
Overview: The author of Hebrews uses the failure of the first generation of Israelites to enter the Promised land in order to caution Christians to not fall into the same sin of unbelief.
|So Great Salvation||A new MP3 sermon from Merriman Hills Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: So Great Salvation
Speaker: Mike Perry
Broadcaster: Merriman Hills Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Hebrews 2
Length: 44 min. (64kbps)
Overview: Christ is our great salvation. If the people of Israel were judged when they disobeyed the law how much worse is it for use when we don't accept salvation through Jesus Christ.
|Tentara Israel Tangkap 25 Warga Palestina di Tepi Barat||Tentara rezim Zionis Israel pada hari Rabu (9/8/2017) melakukan serangan ke beberapa daerah di Tepi Barat, menangkap 25 warga Palestina tanpa tuduhan apapun.|
|Mahmud Abbas Jadi Tahanan Israel di Ramallah||Seorang pejabat tinggi Palestina mengatakan, Pemimpin Otorita Ramallah Mahmud Abbas tidak diizinkan keluar dari Ramallah dan telah menjadi tahanan Israel.|
|Hizbullah lah yang Menjaga Lebanon dari Ronrongan Israel||Menurut Sekjen Harakah Ummah, Syekh Abd an-Nashir Jabari, rakyat Lebanon bahu-membahu untuk melakukan perlawanan terhadap Zionis Israel. Mereka bergabung dalam muqawamah di berbagai levelnya. Tak terkecuali Hizbullah yang bermazhab Syiah di Lebanon Selatan. |
|Ribuan Rakyat Turki Gelar Demonstrasi Kecam Israel||Ribuan Rakyat Turki Gelar Demonstrasi Kecam Israel |
|Aparat Keamaan Zionis Tangkap Belasan Warga Palestina||Aparat keamanan rezim Zionis Israel menangkap belasan warga Palestina di beberapa kota di Tepi Barat.|
|Israel lah yang Danai Pemberontak di Suriah||Menurut laporan The Wall Street Journal, Israel secara diam-diam memberikan bantuan kepada pemberontak Suriah di Dataran Tinggi Golan selama bertahun-tahun, dengan tujuan untuk mempertahankan kekuatan persahabatan di zona penyangga, menjaga ISIS dan pasukan yang selaras dengan Iran di teluk.|
|Pasukan Israel Serbu Al-Aqsa, Puluhan Warga Palestina Terluka||
Sebanyak 41 orang Palestina terluka akibat serangan pasukan Zionis di dekat Gerbang Hittah dan Gerbang al-Asbat yang berada di sisi utara al-Aqsa ketika mereka hendak memasuki masjid ini untuk menunaikan shalat Asar.|
|Ansor dan Masyarakat Situbondo Bacakan Ratibul Haddad untuk Palestina||GP Ansor Situbondo mengajak semua pihak untuk menahan diri agar situasi tidak memburuk. Johantono menyerukan kader Ansor di Situbondo untuk mendoakan keluarga dan korban agar diberi kemenangan dalam menghadapi Israel.|
|Pematahan Blokade Masjid al-Aqsa, Sebuah Kemenangan Besar||Gerakan Muqawama Islam Lebanon (Hizbullah) menilai menyerahnya rezim Zionis Israel terhadap keinginan dan tekad rakyat Palestina, dan diakhirinya langkah-langkah keamanan ketat di Masjid al-Aqsa oleh rezim ini sebagai hasil dari Muqawama (perlawanan) dan sebuah kemenangan besar.|
|Surat Terimakasih HAMAS pada Presiden Iran||Kami berterimakasih pada Iran yang turut serta dalam berbagai pertemuan internasional dengan negara-negara Arab dengan OKI yang kemudian menyepakati dan menandatangi resolusi bersama mendukung perjuangan Palestina untuk merdeka dari penjajahan rezim Israel. |
|Two Palestinian vehicles torched in apparent revenge attack for the Halamish massacre||Retribution message spray-painted in Hebrew refers to the Jewish family murdered by a Palestinian in Halamish last month - Two vehicles in the Palestinian village of Umm Safa north of Ramallah were torched early Wednesday morning, in a crime locals said was carried out by neighboring Jews. Among the legible graffiti found spray-painted on one of the vehicles was a message of revenge for the deaths of the 3 family members who were stabbed to death last month in nearby Halamish by a 19-year-old Palestinian terrorist. Speaking with Palestinian media, chairman of Umm Safa's local council Marwan Sabah said that it wasn't the first time his village was targeted in such attacks. The Israel Police said it had opened an investigation into the incident.|
|Germany: Israeli Spray-Paints "Let's Gas the Jews" on Public Property, Cops Drive Off - No Charges||So here's the deal: you can now legally spray-paint virulent anti-Semitic and otherwise racist hate-talk on public and private property in Germany.All you have to do is be a Jew.The cops won't arrest you.And here's the thing: I think that Germans are so opposed to arresting Jews, that they won't even ask you for proof you're Jewish.
A German-Israeli artist who accuses Twitter of failing to delete hate speech tweets has taken matters into his own hands - by stencilling the offending messages on the road in front of the company's Hamburg headquarters.
A post on video-sharing site YouTube showed Shahak Shapira and fellow activists stencilling tweets saying "Germany needs a final solution to Islam" and "Let's gas the Jews" - clear references t|
|Several arrested during Israel Police raid, after riots in radical Jewish neighborhood of Mea Sheraim||8-year-old girl was hit in the head by a rock and lightly wounded as ultra-Orthodox protesters clashed with Israeli police protecting Defense Minister Liberman visit in the Mea Shearim neighborhood in Jerusalem. Liberman had traveled to Mea Sheraim in Jerusalem to pay a condolence visit to a healthcare activist who suffered the loss of a family member. While the minister was still inside the apartment, protesters began to gather outside the building. Liberman's security detail called for police assistance and officers arrived to disperse the crowd and escort the minister's entourage from the location. As the DM vehicles left the area the protesters clashed with police, pelting officers with rocks and other objects. A few hours later police returned to the neighborhood and raided an offices of anti-draft activists. Mea Shearim Jewish residents clashed with police and 3-6 of them were arrested, Channel 2 reported.|
|Re: Bills in North Carolina, Congress Target Companies That Boycott Israel||
More conservative Communism. What part of freedom of speech do these imbeciles not understand...The right to protest...Is an American right...But republicans those so called champions of the constitution are in an all fired hurry to destroy our rights to further their aggression against descent.|
Nothing remotely American or in the interest of freedom do any of these idiot republican lawmakers support..The republicans are pro corporate and anti working American....These idiot GOP assbags would change and subvert all our laws to squash any resistance to their draconian and dangerous agendas...They are truly tyrannical in their politics and the fact they support that big idiot Trump proves they have no morals, ethics, humanity, And completely devoid of any honesty or the ability to tell the truth..Facts and truth scares the hell out of republicans and they run and hide from it they are deceivers.
They fear voters and that is why they are so concerned about a non issue of voter fraud...Republicans are the only frauds.
Posted by Tony D
|For Church Affiliate 4||DearÃÂ Church Affiliate, Please accept this gift. Attached to this email are 5 Ebooks. 1.ÃÂ Bible: Happiness, Prosperity & Long Life Verses. 2.ÃÂ Bible: Atonement, Blessings & Prayers AnsweredÃÂ Verses3.ÃÂ Bible: Wisdom Verses4. Bible: Do's & Don'ts Verse5. Bible: Faith Verses Although later to be available on Amazon.com, Apple iTunes, Google Play, etc, I (as the author) wanted to make it freely available to you, your family, and friends. Sample verses include: HappinessProverbs 16ÃÂ  He that handleth a matter wisely shall find good:ÃÂ and whoso trusteth in the LORD, happy is he.ÃÂ (KJV)Psalm 69 The humble shall see this, and be glad; and your heart shall live that seek God.ProsperityProverbs 3ÃÂ  Honor the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:ÃÂ  So shall thy barns be filled with plenty,ÃÂ and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.Malachi 3 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.Long LifePsalms 91  Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high because he hath known my name. He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him. With long life I will satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.Atonement Isaiah 43ÃÂ  Put Me in rememberance:ÃÂ let us plead together:declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.ÃÂ Hosea 6ÃÂ  For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice;ÃÂ and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings. ÃÂ BlessingsProverbs 22ÃÂ  He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed;ÃÂ For he giveth of his bread to the poor.ÃÂ Deuteronomy 24 When thou cuttest down harvest in thy field, and has forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it; it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.Prayers Answered1 Samuel 7 And Samuel took a suckling lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the Lord: and Samuel cried unto the Lord for Israel; and the Lord heard him.1 Kings 3 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there: for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that alter. In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what shall I give thee? ÃÂ WisdomPsalms 22ÃÂ  For He hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted;neither hath He hid His face from him;ÃÂ but when he cried unto Him, He heard.Psalms 25 Mine eyes are ever toward the Lord; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net.Proverbs 12ÃÂ  A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth:and the recompense of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him.Proverbs 17 The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water: therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with. ÃÂ ÃÂ Do's & Don'ts Deuteronomy 8ÃÂ  When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which He hath given thee.ÃÂ Isaiah 40ÃÂ But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not be faint.FaithDeuteronomy 28 And the LORD shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them: Genesis 28 ...and in thee and thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.Deuteronomy 11 that your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, in the land which the Lord sware unto your fathers to give them, as the days of heaven upon the earth.Thank you.Won Joon Choi|
|For Church Affiliate 3||DearÃÂ Church Affiliate, Please accept this gift. Attached to this email are 5 Ebooks. 1.ÃÂ Bible: Happiness, Prosperity & Long Life Verses. 2.ÃÂ Bible: Atonement, Blessings & Prayers AnsweredÃÂ Verses3.ÃÂ Bible: Wisdom Verses4. Bible: Do's & Don'ts Verse5. Bible: Faith Verses Although later to be available on Amazon.com, Apple iTunes, Google Play, etc, I (as the author) wanted to make it freely available to you, your family, and friends. Sample verses include: HappinessProverbs 16ÃÂ  He that handleth a matter wisely shall find good:ÃÂ and whoso trusteth in the LORD, happy is he.ÃÂ (KJV)Psalm 69 The humble shall see this, and be glad; and your heart shall live that seek God.ProsperityProverbs 3ÃÂ  Honor the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:ÃÂ  So shall thy barns be filled with plenty,ÃÂ and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.Malachi 3 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.Long LifePsalms 91  Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high because he hath known my name. He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him. With long life I will satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.Atonement Isaiah 43ÃÂ  Put Me in rememberance:ÃÂ let us plead together:declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.ÃÂ Hosea 6ÃÂ  For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice;ÃÂ and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings. ÃÂ BlessingsProverbs 22ÃÂ  He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed;ÃÂ For he giveth of his bread to the poor.ÃÂ Deuteronomy 24 When thou cuttest down harvest in thy field, and has forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it; it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.Prayers Answered1 Samuel 7 And Samuel took a suckling lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the Lord: and Samuel cried unto the Lord for Israel; and the Lord heard him.1 Kings 3 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there: for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that alter. In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what shall I give thee? ÃÂ WisdomPsalms 22ÃÂ  For He hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted;neither hath He hid His face from him;ÃÂ but when he cried unto Him, He heard.Psalms 25 Mine eyes are ever toward the Lord; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net.Proverbs 12ÃÂ  A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth:and the recompense of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him.Proverbs 17 The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water: therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with. ÃÂ ÃÂ Do's & Don'ts Deuteronomy 8ÃÂ  When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which He hath given thee.ÃÂ Isaiah 40ÃÂ But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not be faint.FaithDeuteronomy 28 And the LORD shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them: Genesis 28 ...and in thee and thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.Deuteronomy 11 that your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, in the land which the Lord sware unto your fathers to give them, as the days of heaven upon the earth.Thank you.Won Joon Choi|
|For Church Affiliate 2||DearÃÂ Church Affiliate, Please accept this gift. Attached to this email are 5 Ebooks. 1.ÃÂ Bible: Happiness, Prosperity & Long Life Verses. 2.ÃÂ Bible: Atonement, Blessings & Prayers AnsweredÃÂ Verses3.ÃÂ Bible: Wisdom Verses4. Bible: Do's & Don'ts Verse5. Bible: Faith Verses Although later to be available on Amazon.com, Apple iTunes, Google Play, etc, I (as the author) wanted to make it freely available to you, your family, and friends. Sample verses include: HappinessProverbs 16ÃÂ  He that handleth a matter wisely shall find good:ÃÂ and whoso trusteth in the LORD, happy is he.ÃÂ (KJV)Psalm 69 The humble shall see this, and be glad; and your heart shall live that seek God.ProsperityProverbs 3ÃÂ  Honor the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase:ÃÂ  So shall thy barns be filled with plenty,ÃÂ and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.Malachi 3 Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there may be meat in mine house, and prove me now herewith, saith the Lord of hosts, if I will not open you the windows, and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it.Long LifePsalms 91  Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high because he hath known my name. He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him. With long life I will satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.Atonement Isaiah 43ÃÂ  Put Me in rememberance:ÃÂ let us plead together:declare thou, that thou mayest be justified.ÃÂ Hosea 6ÃÂ  For I desired mercy, and not sacrifice;ÃÂ and the knowledge of God more than burnt offerings. ÃÂ BlessingsProverbs 22ÃÂ  He that hath a bountiful eye shall be blessed;ÃÂ For he giveth of his bread to the poor.ÃÂ Deuteronomy 24 When thou cuttest down harvest in thy field, and has forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it; it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the Lord thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands.Prayers Answered1 Samuel 7 And Samuel took a suckling lamb, and offered it for a burnt offering wholly unto the Lord: and Samuel cried unto the Lord for Israel; and the Lord heard him.1 Kings 3 And the king went to Gibeon to sacrifice there: for that was the great high place: a thousand burnt offerings did Solomon offer upon that alter. In Gibeon the LORD appeared to Solomon in a dream by night: and God said, Ask what shall I give thee? ÃÂ WisdomPsalms 22ÃÂ  For He hath not despised nor abhorred the affliction of the afflicted;neither hath He hid His face from him;ÃÂ but when he cried unto Him, He heard.Psalms 25 Mine eyes are ever toward the Lord; for he shall pluck my feet out of the net.Proverbs 12ÃÂ  A man shall be satisfied with good by the fruit of his mouth:and the recompense of a man's hands shall be rendered unto him.Proverbs 17 The beginning of strife is as when one letteth out water: therefore leave off contention, before it be meddled with. ÃÂ ÃÂ Do's & Don'ts Deuteronomy 8ÃÂ  When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which He hath given thee.ÃÂ Isaiah 40ÃÂ But they that wait upon the Lord shall renew their strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; and they shall walk, and not be faint.FaithDeuteronomy 28 And the LORD shall make thee the head, and not the tail; and thou shalt be above only, and thou shalt not be beneath; if that thou hearken unto the commandments of the LORD thy God, which I command thee this day, to observe and to do them: Genesis 28 ...and in thee and thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.Deuteronomy 11 that your days may be multiplied, and the days of your children, in the land which the Lord sware unto your fathers to give them, as the days of heaven upon the earth.Thank you.Won Joon Choi|
|Tempation - @wayne-sanelli||
Like many other people I have been tempted to follow the world. And many falsehoods have been taught even to children. The tooth fairly and Santa are fake/false. Yeshua the Christ is REAL! The deception is not what Christ gave his life for. Many people think there are many paths and ways to God. But they may misinterpret this. What some may mean is that God will deliver them to the truth by different means. There is one truth and that is the gospel is True. Christ was born as Yeshua and he is truly the lamb that takes away the sins of the world. You must have a relationship with God and follow his word. Follow Christ's teachings. Hatred and unforgiving is sinful.
Forgive but stay away from those that lead you astray. 14Â Be ye not unequally yoked together with unbelievers: for what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness? and what communion hath light with darkness?
One just needs to put the TV news on to see the sinful ways of the world. Pray for Israel and pray as this world is in rebellion to God's word. We are so easily drawn away. That's the sad part but remember Christ said you can gain the whole world and lose your soul.
"Clearly, God has allowed Satan significant amounts of power and influence over the earth, at least for now, and always within Godâs sovereign control. The Bible tells us that Satan prowls around like a lion in search of prey, looking for victims to devour (1 Peter 5:8). Satan is the power at work in the hearts of those who refuse to obey God (Ephesians 2:2). Anyone who is not under the control of the sovereign God is under the control of the devil (Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:4). Born-again Christians are no longer enslaved to Satan or to sin (Romans 6:6-7), but this does not mean we are immune to the temptations that he puts before us."
I heard various interviews with well known people that "THINK" you can retain your worldly ways and keep your worldly ways and God will accept you. Christ is the only door. It's a matter of fact that God's word says that when you leave that which is impure God will accept you. The tongue is filled with deadly poison and it has the power of life and death. Your words reflect your attitude towards God and his word. And if you curse, swear and have vile language you show disrespect for what Christ did on the cross/tree.
I encourage you to read the gospel and come to the true light. It's by no means an easy road. And like times before there are many that have itchy ears. Go research the sermon on the mount and put that teaching into action. Despite evil pray and "really" try to do GOOD. You may be imperfect but throughÂ Christ you can be perfected.Â The gospel says in the last days people will be consumed with their own lusts and not be lovers of the truth but lovers of entertainment. Although I myself like others admire great artists I admire MORE what Christ did on the cross.
In the name of the living God I gave thanks and praise. May HISÂ will be done.
|"IS YOUR HEART OBEDIENT TO GOD'S COMMAND?" BY DAVID MCMILLEN - @david-a-mcmillen||
IS YOUR HEART OBEDIENT TO GOD'S COMMAND?
AREN'T YOU GLAD THAT JESUS CHOSE PAUL TO PREACH HIS GOSPEL TO THE GENTILES AND WAS OBEDIENT TO DO IT? Â IN THE NEW TESTAMENT, THE 12 DISCIPLES ARE WRITING AND TEACHING THE JEWS, BUT PAUL, IN HIS 13 BOOKS, IS WRITING TO THE GENTILES. THIS WAS A GENTLEMEN'S AGREEMENT AMONG THEM WITH JUST A HANDSHAKE. Â IT IS IMPORTANT TO UNDERSTAND THIS WHEN WE ARE STUDYING THE BIBLE OR IT COULD GET A LITTLE CONFUSING. LOOK WHAT PAUL ISÂ SAYING INÂ GALATIANSÂ 2:9 "And when James,Â Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars (OF THE CHURCH), perceived the grace that was given unto me (BY JESUS), they gave to me andÂ BarnabasÂ the right hands of fellowship; that we (PAUL ANDÂ BARNABAS) should go unto the heathen (GENTILES), and they (JAMES, PETER, JOHN AND THE DISCIPLES) unto the circumcision (THE JEWS)." Â THE PARENTHESES ARE MINE.
JESUS APPEARED TOÂ ANANIASÂ IN A VISION AND TOLD HIM TO GO TO PAUL AND LAY HANDS ON HIM SO HE WOULD BE ABLE TO SEE. Â HE WAS BLINDED WHEN JESUS APPEARED TO HIM ON THE ROAD TO DAMASCUS AND TOLD HIM HE WOULD PREACH TO THE GENTILES. PAUL HAD BEEN SO AGAINST JESUS AND THE TEACHING OF THE DISCIPLES AND EVEN HAD PAPERS FROM THE CHIEF PRIEST TO KILL OR THROW INTO PRISON THOSE WHO WERE WORSHIPING JESUS. IF YOU WERE A JEW AND KNEW ABOUT PAUL'S ACTIVITY, WOULD YOU HAVE BEEN OBEDIENT LIKEÂ ANANIASÂ WAS? Â I HOPE I WOULD HAVE BEEN. SEE WHAT JESUS TOLD HIM TO DO IN ACTS 9:15 But the Lord said unto him, Go thy way : for he is a chosen vessel unto me, to bear my name before the Gentiles, and kings, and the children of Israel. GOD KNEW THE HEARTS OF PAUL ANDÂ ANANIASÂ AND KNEW THEY WOULD BE OBEDIENT.
MY QUESTION IS, IS YOUR HEART OBEDIENT TO GOD'S COMMAND? Â REMEMBER, HE WILL NOT MAKE YOU DO ANYTHING BUT WANTS A WILLING HEART FULL OF LOVE FOR HIM. Â I PRAY THAT WE ALL WILL BE THAT KIND OF PERSON AND THAT GOD WILL USE US IN A MIGHTY WAY.
GOD BLESS YOU ALL.
|Kekuatan TNI Urutan 18 Dunia|
Tentara Nasional Indonesia masuk dalam peringkat ke-18 kekuatan militer dunia versi Global Firepower yang menggunakan 45 variabel perhitungan. Urutan 10 besar kekuatan militer dunia, menurut lembaga Global Firepower, ditempati Amerika Serikat, Rusia, China, India, Inggris, Turki, Korea Selatan, Perancis, Jepang, dan Israel.
Di tingkat ASEAN, TNI menempati posisi teratas, diikuti Thailand (ke-19), Filipina (ke-23), Malaysia (ke-27), dan Singapura (ke-41). Italia menempati urutan ke-17, Taiwan berada pada urutan ke-14, dan Australia pada urutan ke-24.
Pengamat militer Andi Widjayanto yang dihubungi di Jakarta, mengatakan, penilaian tersebut lebih banyak didasarkan pada gelar statis dari kuantitas alat yang dimiliki. Namun, belum tentu semua siap atau dapat digunakan sewaktu-waktu.
"Kalau memperhitungkan gelar dinamis, yakni kesiapan tempur efektif saat ini, tentu angkanya tidak setinggi itu. Gelar dinamis adalah kekuatan nyata yang dapat langsung digelar untuk penindakan," ujar Andi.
Direktur Institute for Defense Security and Peace Studies Mufti Makarim, yang dihubungi terpisah, mengatakan, penilaian tersebut dilakukan dengan menghimpun semua komposisi matra darat, laut, dan udara.
"Tetapi, jika dilihat dari luas wilayah dengan dua pertiga adalah lautan, komposisi kemampuan teknis TNI seharusnya setara dengan militer Australia. Kebutuhan ke depan adalah penyesuaian pengembangan postur dan kebutuhan strategis pertahanan yang dilakukan secara sistematis bertahap sesuai dengan anggaran dan prioritas," paparnya.
Dia mengingatkan TNI agar fokus dalam mengembangkan postur kekuatan dan penyesuaian mindset tentara di dalam negara demokratis murni untuk kebutuhan pertahanan.
Terkait dengan pengembangan kekuatan maritim, Andi mengatakan, pada tahap pembangunan jangka panjang pertama hingga 2024, TNI belum mengembangkan kekuatan tempur samudra.
|Keynote Lineup for GEOINT 2017||Don’t miss a great lineup of nearly 100 defense and intelligence speakers in keynotes, panels, and presentations. Confirmed Keynotes Include: Robert Cardillo, Director, NGA James Comey, Director, FBI Dr. Stacey Dixon, Deputy Director, IARPA Shel Israel, Author, âThe Fourth Transformationâ Dr. Todd Lowery, Acting Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence (USDI) Gen. Darren W. McDew, […]|
|IDF Exposes Hamas Terror Tunnel Network Accessed via Private Homes||Zamir presented aerial photographs showing tunnel shafts running under residential buildings located in the heart of civilian populations, less than a mile from Netiv HaAsara, an Israeli moshav in the north-west Negev. |
|Watch Parents Teach an Arab Child to Hate Israelis||Teaching oneâs child to hate police intended to keep your family safe may seem like an oxymoron. . . |
|Watch Israeli Air Strikes Target Hamas in Gaza||Arab sources said Israeli fighter pilots carried out six air strikes in northern Gaza.|
|Precious: Hamas Prisoners Suing Israelâs Security Minister in High Court of Justice||Hadar Goldin's father, Simcha, said the Red Cross's request on behalf of the Hamas prisoners "is a demonstration of hypocrisy, falsity and inhumanity."|
|Special Forces Soldier Shot by Friendly Fire During Refugee Camp Raid||Overnight Wednesday, IDF forces together with the Shin Bet, Border Guard and Israel Police arrested 25 wanted persons in Judea and Samaria.|
|Gaza Terrorists Fire Rocket Attack at Southern Israel||At least one of the rockets may have landed in the Mediterranean Sea just outside the city of Ashkelon.|
|NGO: Israel Revokes Citizenship of Eastern Jerusalem Arabs||The report includes interviews with eight Arab families, "victims" of Israel's aggressive policy, the most glaring of which is with Abed Dawiat, who committed the official first act of terror of the lone-wolf intifada.|
|This is Just a Drill||Israel tested the rocket alert system in the Shfeila region.|
|Books About Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda||THE LONGEST WAR: THE ENDURING CONFLICT BETWEEN AMERICA AND AL-QAEDA (2011). By Peter L. Bergen. This volume by CNNâs national security analyst provides a succinct overview of the war on terror, giving the reader a sharply observed portrait of Bin Laden, whom Mr. Bergen interviewed in 1997. Mr. Bergen argues that Bin Laden over-reached with the 9/11 attacks and that Al Qaeda has a growing list of enemies, including Muslims who donât share its âultra-fundamentalist worldview.â The book also provides a harrowing account of Bin Ladenâs escape from American forces at Tora Bora in December 2001, after the C.I.A.âs request for more troops was turned down by Gen. Tommy Franks. |
OSAMA: THE MAKING OF A TERRORIST (2004). By Jonathan Randal. This book by a former Washington Post correspondent is less a biography of Bin Laden than a history of the contemporary jihadi movement, which Mr. Randal argues was inadvertently strengthened by American hubris, ignorance and missteps in the Middle East and Persian Gulf. Mr. Randal chronicles Bin Ladenâs combat experiences as an anti-Soviet jihadi, the role that various surrogate father figures played in his evolution, and his discovery of an âability to talk to everyday Muslims in a simple language,â despite his familyâs wealth.
THE BIN LADENS: AN ARABIAN FAMILY IN THE AMERICAN CENTURY (2008). By Steve Coll. In this family epic, Mr. Coll, a Pulitzer Prize-winning author, creates a psychologically detailed portrait of Bin Laden and his relationships with his father, Muhammad, who made a fortune in Saudi Arabia as the kingâs principal builder; and his older brother Salem, a British-educated, music-loving playboy, who used to organize family expeditions to Las Vegas. It also illuminates the important role that Osama Bin Ladenâs relatives and their relationship with the royal house of Saud played in shaping his thinking, his ambitions and his technological expertise.
HOLY WAR, INC.: INSIDE THE SECRET WORLD OF OSAMA BIN LADEN (2001). By Peter L. Bergen. In an early study of Al Qaeda, this CNN analyst emphasizes the crucial role that the Afghan-Soviet conflict played in radicalizing many Islamic militants in the 1980s, giving fighters like Bin Laden confidence that they could defeat a superpower and replacing the notion of Arab nationalism with that of a larger Islamist movement. Mr. Bergen argues here that Bin Ladenâs anger at the United States has little to do with Western culture â say, movies or drug and alcohol use â but rather stems from American policies in the Middle East, namely âthe continued U.S. military presence in Arabia; U.S. support for Israel; its continued bombing of Iraq; and its support for regimes such as Egypt and Saudi Arabia that bin Laden regards as apostates from Islam.â
OSAMA BIN LADEN (2011). By Michael Scheuer. Mr. Scheuer, who once headed the C.I.A.âs Osama bin Laden unit, dissects the puritanical religious views that informed Bin Ladenâs thinking. As he did in earlier books, Mr. Scheuer contends that Bin Laden was not an irrational terrorist, but a shrewd strategist and tactician who wanted to lure the United States into a financially draining quagmire in the Middle East.
THE LOOMING TOWER: AL-QAEDA AND THE ROAD TO 9/11 (2006). By Lawrence Wright. Based on more than 500 interviews, this book gives readers a searing view of the events of Sept. 11 and how that tragic day came about. Mr. Wright, a writer for The New Yorker, suggests that the emergence of Al Qaeda âdepended on a unique conjunction of personalitiesâ â that is, Bin Laden, whose global vision and compelling leadership would hold together the organization, and his deputy Ayman al-Zawahri, who promoted the apocalyptic idea that only violence could change history. In Mr. Wrightâs account, we see how a shy young Osama bin Laden, who loved the American television series âBonanza,â became a solemn religious adolescent, and how under the Machiavellian tutelage of Mr. Zawahri, he grew increasingly radicalized.
IN THE GRAVEYARD OF EMPIRES: AMERICAâS WAR IN AFGHANISTAN (2009). By Seth G. Jones. This book by a political scientist charts several decades of relations between the United States and Afghanistan, focusing on what went awry after Americaâs successful routing of the Taliban in late 2001. Mr. Jones blames the invasion of Iraq for diverting resources and attention from the war in Afghanistan, and notes that there was a spillover effect in Pakistan, which offered a haven to many Taliban and Qaeda fighters. Among Mr. Jonesâs conclusions is that the United States must âpersuade Pakistani military and civilian leaders to conduct a sustained campaign against militants mounting attacks in Afghanistan and the regionâ and threatening the foundations of âthe nuclear-armed Pakistani state.â
GHOST WARS: THE SECRET HISTORY OF THE CIA, AFGHANISTAN, AND BIN LADEN, FROM THE SOVIET INVASION TO SEPTEMBER 10, 2001 (2004). By Steve Coll. Mapping the long, mistake-filled road to 9/11, this book examines the C.I.A.âs covert role during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s and Americaâs later neglect of the country during the post-cold war â90s, when the Taliban and Al Qaeda took advantage of the political vacuum. Mr. Coll chronicles the failures of both the Clinton and Bush administrations to mount a serious attack on Al Qaeda and to implement a coherent counterterrorism strategy.[blog.nytimes.com]
|Video from South Korean launch of new iPad||
Today Apple launched the new iPad in an additional 12 countries around the world. While eleven of the countries -- Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela -- are relatively small markets, the new iPad also went on sale in South Korea, one of the most technologically advanced countries on the planet and one of the major tech markets in Asia. Check out the video below, first posted by Apple 2.0, to see South Korean Apple fans lining up for the new tablet at a local Apple reseller.
Apple's new iPad international rollout isn't done for the month either. One week from today on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. The new iPad will then be available in 56 countries around the world.
|New iPad launching in 21 additional countries this month||
Apple today issued a press release announcing the new third-generation iPad will go on sale in another twleve countries starting on Friday, April 20. Notably, one of the twelve is the important South Korean market. The other eleven countries include Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela.
Then one week later on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. Both the Wi-Fi and 4G models will be on sale and available through Apple's online store and at select Apple Authorized Resellers.
The new iPad will be available in 56 countries around the world as of April 27th.
|'New' iPad landing in South Korea, Israel and 19 other countries, officially ceases to be new in US||
|Yad Vashem: Preserving Holocaust History|
The eyewitness generation to the Holocaust is aging and soon most of them will be gone. In many parts of the world today, voices are raised in denial of the murder of 6 million Jews and globally we continue to see instances of genocide. In 1953, the Israeli Government determined that the tragic legacy of the Holocaust and the lessons it inspired must be preserved and protected for future generationsâ¦ and so Yad Vashem was founded.
Today with the help of EMC technology, this unique institution is not only preserving the documents, films and photographs that bear witness to the Holocaust, they are digitizing and placing the entire collection online in order to educate the world to the ever present dangers of manâs inhumanity to man.
Cast: Dell Multimedia
|Get on Board, or Get Out of the Way||14th, 1984, aid, amendment, bush, campaign, channel, clear, Clinton, cnn, communications, compel,, consolidation, corporation, crisis, depression, disinformation, economic, economics, fiscal, fo,, freedom, George, germany, Government, hitler, homeless, inauguration, industrial, iraq, Israel, lakota, lakotah, libertarian, liberty, means, Media, military, monetary, murdock, news, obama, of, of state, orwell, orwellian, palestine, palestinian, policy, poverty, president, propaganda, rate, recession, republic, rockets, russell, secretary, Sioux, soldiers, sovereign, Sovereigns, sovereignty, time, toady, Tribe, USA, veterans, vets, w., war, warner, zionism, zionist, obama, president, whitehouse, white, house|
|O HOMEM QUE JESUS ELOGIOU||Estudo para crianÃ§as de 4 a 6 anos. Este estudo serÃ¡ dado em apenas uma aula. A aula poderÃ¡ ter um perÃodo inicial de apresentaÃ§Ã£o e saudaÃ§Ã£o; um perÃodo de hinos e corinhos; o desenvolvimento do texto ( motivar e usar recursos visuais); a aplicaÃ§Ã£o do ensino; a avaliaÃ§Ã£o atravÃ©s das atividades e o encerramento.|
DESENVOLVIMENTO DO TEXTO - Mateus capÃtulo 8 e versÃculos de 5 ao 13 .
Jesus estava ensinando e curando as pessoas quando apareceu um centuriÃ£o romano. Ele era um capitÃ£o do exÃ©rcito romano, um homem muito importante. "- Jesus meu empregado estÃ¡ muito mal, muito doente. PeÃ§o-lhe que o cure" - disse o homem para Jesus. "- Vou curÃ¡-lo, vamos para a sua casa " - falou Jesus. "- O Senhor Ã© muito ocupado, muito poderoso e muito importante para entrar na minha casa. Eu nÃ£o mereÃ§o. Para curar o meu empregado, basta o Senhor dizer uma sÃ³ palavra, tenho certeza que ele vai ficar curado"- disse o centuriÃ£o. Jesus ficou admirado com a fÃ© daquele homem que nem mesmo era do povo israelita. "- Vou fazer o que vocÃª deseja. O seu empregado estÃ¡ curado" - falou Jesus . O capitÃ£o voltou para casa e encontrou o seu empregado curado. Ele entendeu que Jesus era o Filho de Deus.
APLICAÃÃO: NÃ³s devemos orar para Jesus cuidar do nosso coraÃ§Ã£o e tambÃ©m da nossa saÃºde.
FONTE: A BÃblia. A BÃblia Infantil Ilustrada.
As atividades foram tiradas da Net.
|God's Freedom to Elect|
Despite what we sometimes think, we have no say in what God does or how He does it. He’s not swayed or influenced by our values, our interests, or our sense of justice. In fact, the psalmist tells us, “Our God is in the heavens; He does whatever He pleases” (Psalm 115:3).
Moreover, the Lord does not conform to our fallen, flawed standards. Everything He does is true and right because He does it. He would never do anything that’s inconsistent with His own holy character. He Himself is therefore the standard of what is holy and righteous. In other words, He embodies all that is truly holy.
That’s what we mean when we say God is holy. It is a principle that underlies everything Scripture teaches. It is certainly one of the fundamental precepts on which the doctrine of election is grounded.
Furthermore, the choosing of people for salvation cannot be isolated from every other thing God has chosen to do, because in the big picture God has ordained everything that comes to pass. Everything that God does He chooses to do, and His choices are free from any influence outside Himself. Therefore, the doctrine of election fits into this fuller comprehension of a sovereign God. That is election in its broadest sense, and it is evident on nearly every page of Scripture.
In the very act of creation, God created exactly what He wanted to create in exactly the way He wanted to create it, allowing for the very things that occurred in human history in order that He might accomplish the redemptive plan He had already designed. He chose a nation, Israel, not because they were better than any other people, or because they were more desirable than any other people, but simply because He chose them. Moses told Israel,
Like all the elect, Israel was “predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will” (Ephesians 1:11).
In Psalm 105:43, He calls Israel “His chosen ones.” Psalm 135:4 says, “the Lord has chosen Jacob for Himself.” In Deuteronomy 7 and again in Deuteronomy 14, we find these words: “the Lord your God has chosen you to be a people for His own possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.” Scripture doesn’t attempt to defend or explain the choice—it simply asserts that God did the choosing.
In the same way, God has sovereignly chosen from the very beginning everything that fits into His master plan of redemption. From its opening verses, the New Testament is replete with examples of God’s sovereignty at work. He elected His Son as Redeemer, and appointed the time and means of His arrival on earth. It should be no surprise that He even chose the elect body who would be His Son’s bride—the church.
His glorious plan for each individual Christian is likewise consistent with the way He has always operated—sovereignly. He has not handed His sovereignty over to something as vacillating and arbitrary as human free will. Christ told His disciples, “You did not choose Me but I chose you, and appointed you that you would go and bear fruit, and that your fruit would remain” (John 15:16). The apostle Paul says even the good works we do as believers were prepared by God “beforehand” (Ephesians 2:10).
Christians from the very outset have understood this. In Acts 13:48, Luke says, “As many as had been appointed to eternal life believed.” And, of course, the ninth chapter of Romans contains a monumental passage on the elective purposes of God as manifested in the choices of Jacob and Esau, and how God chose whom He chose—not on the basis of anything they had done, but according to His own sovereign, free, and uninfluenced purpose. “Does not the potter have a right over the clay?” (Romans 9:21). And “who are you, O man, who answers back to God? The thing molded will not say to the molder, ‘Why did you make me like this,’ will it?” (v. 20). We’re better off to keep silent than to question God’s sovereign purposes.
Election and the Church
Throughout the New Testament there are references to the church as the elect—chosen by God. Ephesians 1 says we were chosen in Him, by His love, before the foundation of the world, that we might be brought to faith in Christ. In 1 Thessalonians Paul addresses the congregation as “brethren beloved by God,” and told them, “[we know] His choice of you” (1 Thessalonians 1:4). In 2 Thessalonians 2:13 we read, “But we should always give thanks to God for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and faith in the truth.” It doesn’t get any clearer than that: God has chosen you from the beginning for salvation.
In Matthew 16:18, Jesus said, “I will build My church; and the gates of hades will not overpower it.” This is a monumental statement: “I will build My church.” “I will build My church.” It’s a statement of certainty, and of intimacy—“My church.” It’s also a statement of invincibility—God’s church will stand against the gates of Hades, which is a Jewish euphemism for death. The implication here is important: If Hades is the abode of the dead, you get in by dying, so it’s simply a reference to death, which is Satan’s greatest weapon. Jesus was saying, I will build my church—and the worst that can be done to stop it, the death of My people, will not overpower it.
This is a very straightforward promise. The immutable, sovereign, faithful, gracious, omnipotent Lord of heaven—whose Word can never return void, but always accomplishes the purpose to which He sends it; whose plans always come to pass; whose will is ultimately fulfilled; whose plan is in the end invincible—He has spoken and said, “I will build My church.” Nothing can prevent that.
That’s the end result of God’s work in election. If you are among the elect—those who have repented of their sin and trusted in Christ—then you can be certain that your election was not based on your faith or actions. If it was, grace would no longer be grace. God chose you of His own free will for His own divine purposes. This reality is the foundation of praise and worship because it is what Paul meant when he said that all things—including salvation—are “from Him and through Him and to Him. . . . To Him be the glory forever. Amen” (Romans 11:36).
|Honoring the Spirit by Honoring the Scriptures|
From the very beginning, the battle between good and evil has been a battle for the truth. The serpent, in the Garden of Eden, began his temptation by questioning the truthfulness of God’s previous instruction:
Casting doubt on the straightforward revelation of God has been Satan’s tactic ever since (cf. John 8:44; 2 Corinthians 11:44).
With eternity at stake, it is no wonder that Scripture reserves its harshest words of condemnation for those who would put lies in the mouth of God, usurping His Word with dangerous experience that is paltry in comparison. The serpent was immediately cursed in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 3:14), and Satan told of his inevitable demise (v. 15). In Old Testament Israel, false prophecy was a capital offense (Deuteronomy 13:5, 10), a point vividly illustrated by Elijah’s slaughter of the four hundred and fifty prophets of Baal following the showdown on Mount Carmel (1 Kings 18:19, 40).
But the Israelites often failed to expel false prophets; and by welcoming error into their midst, they also invited God’s judgment (Jeremiah 5:29–31). Consider the Lord’s attitude toward those who would exchange His true Word for a counterfeit:
The point of those passages is unmistakable: God hates those who misrepresent His Word or speak lies in His name. The New Testament responds to false prophets with equal severity (cf. 1 Timothy 6:3–5; 2 Timothy 3:1–9; 1 John 4:1–3; 2 John 7–11). God does not tolerate those who falsify or fake divine revelation. It is an offense He takes personally, and His retribution is swift and deadly. To sabotage biblical truth in any way—by adding to it, subtracting from it, or mixing it with error—is to invite divine wrath (Galatians 1:9; 2 John 9–11). Any distortion of the Word is an affront against the Trinity, and especially against the Spirit of God because of His intimate relationship to the Scriptures.
Martin Luther put it this way, “Whenever you hear anyone boast that he has something by inspiration of the Holy Spirit and it has no basis in God’s Word, no matter what it may be, tell him that this is the work of the devil.” Martin Luther, Luther’s Works, Vol. 23, ed. Jaroslav Pelikan (St. Louis: Concordia: 1959), 173–174. And elsewhere, “Whatever does not have its origin in the Scriptures is surely from the devil himself.” Luther’s Works, Vol. 36, 144.
Although charismatics claim to represent the Holy Spirit, their movement has shown a persistent tendency to pit Him against the Scriptures—as if a commitment to biblical truth somehow might quench, grieve, or otherwise inhibit the Spirit’s ministry. But nothing could be further from the truth. The Bible is the Holy Spirit’s book! It is the instrument He uses to convict unbelievers of sin, righteousness, and judgment. It is the sword by which He energizes the proclamation of the gospel, piercing the hearts of the spiritually dead and raising them to spiritual life. It is the means by which He unleashes His sanctifying power in the lives of those who believe—growing them in grace through the pure milk of biblical instruction.
Thus, to reject the Scriptures is to rebuff the Spirit. To ignore, disdain, twist, or disobey the Word of God is to dishonor the One who inspired, illumines, and empowers it. But to wholeheartedly embrace and submit to biblical truth is to enjoy the fullness of the Spirit’s ministry—being filled by His sanctifying power, being led by Him in righteousness, and being equipped with His armor in the battle against sin and error.
Charles Spurgeon explained it this way to his congregation:
The Bible is a living book because the living Spirit of God energizes and empowers it. The Word convicts us, instructs us, equips us, strengthens us, protects us, and enables us to grow. Or more accurately, the Holy Spirit does all of those things as He activates the truth of Scripture in our hearts.
As believers, we honor the Spirit most when we honor the Scriptures—studying them diligently, applying them carefully, arming our minds with their precepts, and embracing their teaching with all of our hearts. The Spirit has given us the Word. He has opened our eyes to understand its vast riches. And He empowers its truth in our lives as He conforms us into the image our Savior.
It is difficult to imagine why anyone would ever disdain or neglect the words of this Book, especially in light of the divinely promised blessings that come from cherishing it. As the psalmist declared so long ago:
(Adapted from Strange Fire.)
|Feasting on the Word of God|
Christians should earnestly desire to grow. If we aren’t becoming more like Christ, we’re defying what Scripture plainly teaches about the Christian walk: “For those whom [God] foreknew, He also predestined to become conformed to the image of His Son” (Romans 8:29).
Christian growth involves transformation from our old way of life into a new and upward Christlike trajectory of change—increasing strength and effectiveness as servants of Christ. That’s exactly what Paul describes in Romans 12:2 when he says, “Do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind.”
And yet, as every Christian well knows, the old mind is still there with its habits of self-preoccupation, cravings for sensation, vain imaginations, and its appetite for what is cheap and gross. The old mind is the culprit that keeps us going back to the spiritual junk food. The old mind is the subtle enemy that keeps us feeding only on milk when we should be going on to meat. The old mind is what keeps us from being transformed and more committed to Christ and His Word. Many believers find themselves in a seeming holding pattern as they struggle with the besetting sins of their former lives. That’s because the key to breaking the cycle is often hidden right under our noses.
Lifting the Veil
Paul gives a beautiful explanation in 2 Corinthians 3:13–18. As he describes the glories of the new covenant that Christians have with God, he goes back to the time of Moses and the Israelites. At one point, after being in God’s presence, Moses’ face shone with such brilliant glory that he had to put a veil over it in order not to blind his people. But as glorious as Moses’ ministry of the law to the Israelites was, Paul says that it does not compare with the surpassing glory of the gospel of Christ and the new covenant that He installed with His death and resurrection (cf. 2 Corinthians 3:7–11).
And Paul adds that since we have such a wonderful hope in Christ, we can be very bold.
What Paul is simply saying here is that the Jews of his day who didn’t know Christ remained with their minds veiled. They could not see the Lord because the veil of the old covenant—the Law—stood in the way. Paul says that the veil,
And then Paul comes to the thought that I am most concerned with: “But we all, with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of the Lord, are being transformed into the same image from glory to glory, just as from the Lord, the Spirit” (2 Corinthians 3:18). So Paul tells us that we can be changed into the image and glory of the Lord. It is very simple, he says. We don’t change ourselves. We just stand staring into the face of Jesus Christ and the Spirit of God does the transforming for us!
The Solitary Source
But you may feel there is just one hitch. You may be saying, “If I’m supposed to look on the glory of the Lord, where do I find it to look upon?” And, of course, the answer to that is in God’s Word.
If you keep learning and beholding the glory of God in His Word, the Spirit of God will transform you into the image of Jesus Christ. It is just that simple (and just that difficult). So many Christians are seeking some shortcut to growth—naming and claiming their victory; watching Christian television; having the hands of “anointed prophets” laid on them. But the shortcut simply doesn’t exist.
The greatest thing that ever happened in my life, next to my salvation, was the day I learned to study and feed on God’s Word. I find that the longer, the more intensely, and the more devotedly I look into the glory of Jesus Christ through the pages of Scripture, the more the Spirit of God changes my life into the image of Christ. There are no shortcuts. If I am to grow, to mature, and to finally be transformed, I must feed on the Word of God!
The Growing Christian
Lack of growth is a sad thing to see in anyone or anything. It is especially tragic in Christians. And unfortunately too many believers don’t seem to be growing in their faith. The major cause is always a failure to be feeding on God’s Word.
In 1 Peter 1:23–2:3, the great apostle compares God’s Word to two things that are vital for life and growth: an imperishable seed and the milk of the Word. As Christ taught in His parable of the sower, God’s Word is like a seed that brings about the new birth. Just as a seed contains the power and energy of life, so too does God’s Word.
Before the Christian can get the most from feeding on God’s Word, he needs to get rid of the toxins that are still present in his life because of the lingering old nature. Peter describes these poisons as the evils of worldly malice, the guile of deceitfulness, the phoniness of hypocrisy, the self-centeredness of envy, and the slander of gossip. If we want to watch our diet, we should start with the sincere milk of the Word of God, and we are guaranteed to grow.
Our goal is to become fully mature and Christlike through feeding on the more solid food to be found in Scripture. The prophet Jeremiah described that process beautifully in Jeremiah 15:16: “Your words were found and I ate them, and your words became for me a joy and the delight of my heart; for I have been called by Your name, O Lord God of hosts.”
(Adapted from Why Believe the Bible.)
|Arte cinÃ©tico, Yaacov Agam|| Yaacov Agam es el mÃ¡ximo representante del llamado arte cinÃ©tico y activo defensor del Op Art o arte Ãptico. Nacido en una ciudad de Palestina en 1928, este pintor y escultor israelÃ fue pionero en la investigaciÃ³n de nuevos materiales con la finalidad de hacer obras cambiantes, en las que el espectador fuera parte […]|
|The Gaping Holes in the Gap Theory|
Scripture gives us a complete—albeit contested—account of God’s work on the first day of creation.
Verse 1 is a general statement. The rest of Genesis 1 unfolds the sequence of God’s creative work, starting with a “formless and void” earth.
The Barren Planet
As day one emerges from eternity, we find the earth in a dark and barren condition. The construction of the Hebrew phrase that opens verse 2 is significant. The subject comes before the verb, as if to emphasize something remarkable about it. It might be translated, “As to the earth, it was formless and void.” Here is a new planet, the very focus of God’s creative purpose, and it was formless and void. The Hebrew expression is tohu wa bohu. Tohu signifies a wasteland, a desolate place. Bohu means “empty.” The earth was an empty place of utter desolation.
The same expression is used in Jeremiah 4:23. There, Jeremiah is lamenting the doom of Israel. He says in verse 19, “My soul, my soul! I am in anguish! Oh, my heart! My heart is pounding in me; I cannot be silent.” Why? Because the trumpet signaling God’s judgment of Israel had sounded. “Disaster on disaster is proclaimed, for the whole land is devastated” (v. 20). And he borrows the very words from Genesis 1:2: “I looked on the earth, and behold, it was formless [tohu] and void [bohu]; and to the heavens, and they had no light” (v. 23). That is how he describes the condition of Judah under the devastating destruction that was brought upon it by the judgment of God. What was once a fruitful land had become a wilderness (v. 26). It was a wasted, devastated place without any inhabitants. It had lost its former beauty. It didn’t have any form. It didn’t have any beauty. It had reverted to a state of barrenness that reminded Jeremiah of the state of the earth in the beginning, before God’s creative work had formed it into something beautiful.
Isaiah borrows the same expression. Prophesying the destruction that would come in the day of the Lord’s vengeance against the Gentiles, he says their land will be turned into desolation. “He will stretch over it the line of desolation [tohu] and the plumb line of emptiness [bohu]” (Isaiah 34:11). That pictures God as the architect of judgment, using a plumb line of tohu, which is kept taut by weights made of bohu.
So these words speak of waste and desolation. They describe the earth as a place devoid of form or inhabitants—a lifeless, barren place. It suggests that the very shape of the earth was unfinished and empty. The raw material was all there, but it had not yet been given form. The features of earth as we know it were undifferentiated, unseparated, unorganized, and uninhabited.
Reading Eons Between the Lines
Some have suggested that an indeterminate interval of many billions of years is hidden between verses 1 and 2. This theory, known as the “gap theory,” was once quite popular, and is featured prominently in the Scofield Reference Bible. According to the gap theory, God created a fully–functional earth in verse 1. That ancient earth ostensibly featured a full spectrum of animal and plant life, including fish and mammals, various species of now–extinct dinosaurs, and other creatures that we know only from the fossil record.
Proponents of the gap theory suggest that verse 2 ought to be translated, “The earth became without form, and void.” They speculate that as a result of Satan’s fall, or for some other reason, the prehistoric earth was laid waste by an untold calamity. (This presupposes, of course, that Satan’s fall or some other evil occurred sometime in the gap between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2.) Then, according to this view, God created all the life forms that we now see and thus remade earth into a paradise in six days of recreation.
Like other old–earth theories, the gap theory is supposed to explain the fossil record and harmonize the biblical account with modern scientific theories about a multiple–billion–year–old earth.
Most who hold to the gap theory suggest that the sun was not created on day four; it was merely made visible on that day by the clarifying of earth’s atmosphere or the receding of a vapor cloud that had encircled the earth. Other than that, the gap theory has one advantage over most other old–earth views: It allows for a straightforward literal interpretation of the creation days of Genesis 1.
The Gaping Holes in the Gap Theory
But the theory is accepted by relatively few today, because the biblical and theological problems it poses are enormous. For example, in Genesis 1:31, after God had completed all His creation, He declared it “very good”—which would not be a fitting description if evil had already entered the universe. Furthermore, if the fossil record is to be explained by an interval in the white space between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2, that means death, disease, suffering, and calamity were common many ages before Adam fell. Yet Scripture says Adam’s sin was the event that introduced death and calamity into God’s creation: “By a man came death” (1 Corinthians 15:21); “Through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin” (Romans 5:12). The gap theory also flatly contradicts Exodus 20:11: “For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day.”
The plain meaning of the text seems to be that the barrenness described in verse 2 is simply the original state of the universe in the twenty–four hours immediately following its initial creation. It is not a state of desolation into which the earth fell; it is how the universe appeared in situ (in its original condition), before God finished His creative work.
The picture it conjures up is reminiscent of a potter wishing to fashion a beautiful vessel and then fill it to be used. He first takes a lump of unformed clay and places it on the wheel to mold and fit it to his purpose. In a similar way, God began with raw material. He first created a basic mass of elements that contained everything necessary to make a habitat for the life He would later create. And then using that mass of elements, He carefully shaped it and formed it into the perfect finished work He had planned from the beginning. So aside from the life–forms He created, His work throughout those first six days is comparable to the potter’s finishing work. It was mostly a process of perfecting what He had already created in the beginning.
(Adapted from The Battle for the Beginning.)
|10 Commandment flap||By Allan Sloan|
Newsweek July 11 issue
You may think that the Supreme Court ruled last week that
the state of Texas could continue to display a Ten Commandments monolith on
its capitol grounds in Austin. But you'd be wrong. Look at the monolith?you
can find it at tspb.state.tx.us/spb/gallery/monulist/ 10lg.htm?and you'll
notice that it doesn't contain 10 commandments. It has 11. And if you count
"I am the Lord thy God" as a commandment, which Jews do but Christians
don't, the Supreme Court has approved a Twelve Commandments monolith,
rather than the traditional Decalogue.
This monolith, sponsored by the Fraternal Order of Eagles, was part of a PR
This may all sound like hairsplitting and mockery, but it's not. Regardless
Most public displays of the Ten Commandments, including the ones in Texas
Then there's the numbering problem?which is how the Eagles ended up with
The rules of the game require all religions to end up with 10 commandments
So rather than fighting about the Ten Commandments, perhaps we should turn
|Armed Response: Wesley Snipes and Anne Heche Fight an A.I. Program|
It is probably always a bad idea to give artificial intelligence programs nicknames with religious connotations. This immersive biometric truth-seeking âlie-detectorâ AI facility is often referred to as a âTemple.â Wesley Snipes and his team of commandos might just get some religion when they are trapped inside it in John Stockwellâs Armed Response(trailer here), which opens today in New York.
Gabe Arcona designed the Temple systems (too well), but he has been on a boozy extended leave after the horrible death of his daughter. He is not over it, but team leader Isaac needs to pull him back in anyway. A team guarding a Temple has gone dark, so Arcona will have to figure out what happened. Of course, they find the entire detachment has been murdered, under baffling circumstances.
The only survivor is a known terrorist discovered in the isolation chamber, but he is just as clueless as they are. Given he is driven more by opportunism than religion, freelance warlord might be a more apt description, but terrorism is the crime he is wanted for. Yet, for some reason, the Temple interfered with the TSA facial recognition programs, paving his way to the secret installation.
Before too long, strange goings-on start to rattle Isaac and his team. Arcona also begins to suspect something not so on the up-and-up transpired with the squad during his absence. His ill-concealed suspicions cause friction, particularly with the knuckle-dragging Brett, played by professional wrestler Seth Rollins, which gives you an idea of his persona.
John Stockwell is a slickly competent genre director who has helmed legitimately entertaining but not exactly prestigious films like Kid Cannabis, In the Blood, and the body-slamming reboot, Kickboxer: Vengeance. He most likely brought the film in on-time and under-budget, but even he has trouble balancing the films guns-and-brawn action with its uncanny elements, especially as the latter become increasingly illogical and nonsensical.
It is a good thing Snipes is on the one-sheet or else we might forget he is in this movie. Apparently, he is the Picard of swaggering, testosterone-charged commandos instead of a Kirk. For what itâs worth, Dave Annable is surprisingly grounded and convincing as the grief-stricken Arcona. That really is Anne Heche portraying Riley, the sensitive commando, but she plays it straight and fully committed. Snipes is in there someplace, while Rollins thugs it up, to the hilt.
Throughout the first two acts, Response is rather entertaining, in a meathead kind of way. Unfortunately, the big secret Isaac and company are hiding casts our courageous intelligence officers and military service personnel in a highly unflattering light, which is a disappointment, especially considering it was co-produced buy WWE Studios and Gene Simmonsâ shingle. You would think if anyone would be sympathetic to the service and sacrifice of the CIA and U.S. military, it would be pro wrestling and the Israeli-American co-leader of KISS. Alas, the resulting film is no Kickboxer: Vengeance. Ultimately quite disappointing, Armed Response opens today (8/4) in New York, at the Cinema Village.
|ISRAEL TODAY and TOMORROW as I SEE IT||none|
|HARD FACTS ISRAEL MUST FACE - And The Actions They Must Do||none|
|TIME FOR ISRAEL AND AMERICA TO END THEIR POLICY OF RESTRAINT||none|
|A ZIONIST REFLECTS ON ISRAEL||none|
|Diskin: Israel nears point of no return on two-state solution -NOT||none|
|Good News From Israel -Feb 17||none|
|ISRAEL'S 'FUTILE GESTURES'||none|
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|EL SACRAMENTO DEL MATRIMONIO||Â¿QUE NOS DICE EL CATECISMO DE LA IGLESIA CATOLICA SOBRE EL MATRIMONIO?|
SEGUNDA PARTE LA CELEBRACIÃN DEL MISTERIO CRISTIANO
SEGUNDA SECCIÃN:LOS SIETE SACRAMENTOS DE LA IGLESIA
CAPÃTULO TERCEROLOS SACRAMENTOS AL SERVICIO DE LA COMUNIDAD
SACRAMENTO DEL MATRIMONIO
1601 "La alianza matrimonial, por la que el varÃ³n y la mujer constituyen entre sÃ un consorcio de toda la vida, ordenado por su misma Ãndole natural al bien de los cÃ³nyuges y a la generaciÃ³n y educaciÃ³n de la prole, fue elevada por Cristo Nuestro SeÃ±or a la dignidad de sacramento entre bautizados" (CIC, can. 1055,1)
I El matrimonio en el plan de Dios
1602 La Sagrada Escritura se abre con el relato de la creaciÃ³n del hombre y de la mujer a imagen y semejanza de Dios (Gn 1,26- 27) y se cierra con la visiÃ³n de las "bodas del Cordero" (Ap 19,7.9). De un extremo a otro la Escritura habla del matrimonio y de su "misterio", de su instituciÃ³n y del sentido que Dios le dio, de su origen y de su fin, de sus realizaciones diversas a lo largo de la historia de la salvaciÃ³n, de sus dificultades nacidas del pecado y de su renovaciÃ³n "en el SeÃ±or" (1 Co 7,39) todo ello en la perspectiva de la Nueva Alianza de Cristo y de la Iglesia (cf Ef 5,31-32).
El matrimonio en el orden de la creaciÃ³n
1603 "La Ãntima comunidad de vida y amor conyugal, fundada por el Creador y provista de leyes propias, se establece sobre la alianza del matrimonio... un vÃnculo sagrado... no depende del arbitrio humano. El mismo Dios es el autor del matrimonio" (GS 48,1). La vocaciÃ³n al matrimonio se inscribe en la naturaleza misma del hombre y de la mujer, segÃºn salieron de la mano del Creador. El matrimonio no es una instituciÃ³n puramente humana a pesar de las numerosas variaciones que ha podido sufrir a lo largo de los siglos en las diferentes culturas, estructuras sociales y actitudes espirituales. Estas diversidades no deben hacer olvidar sus rasgos comunes y permanente. A pesar de que la dignidad de esta instituciÃ³n no se trasluzca siempre con la misma claridad (cf GS 47,2), existe en todas las culturas un cierto sentido de la grandeza de la uniÃ³n matrimonial. "La salvaciÃ³n de la persona y de la sociedad humana y cristiana estÃ¡ estrechamente ligada a la prosperidad de la comunidad conyugal y familiar" (GS 47,1).
1604 Dios que ha creado al hombre por amor lo ha llamado tambiÃ©n al amor, vocaciÃ³n fundamental e innata de todo ser humano. Porque el hombre fue creado a imagen y semejanza de Dios (Gn 1,2), que es Amor (cf 1 Jn 4,8.16). HabiÃ©ndolos creado Dios hombre y mujer, el amor mutuo entre ellos se convierte en imagen del amor absoluto e indefectible con que Dios ama al hombre. Este amor es bueno, muy bueno, a los ojos del Creador (cf Gn 1,31). Y este amor que Dios bendice es destinado a ser fecundo y a realizarse en la obra comÃºn del cuidado de la creaciÃ³n. "Y los bendijo Dios y les dijo: "Sed fecundos y multiplicaos, y llenad la tierra y sometedla'" (Gn 1,28).
1605 La Sagrada escritura afirma que el hombre y la mujer fueron creados el uno para el otro: "No es bueno que el hombre estÃ© solo". La mujer, "carne de su carne", su igual, la criatura mÃ¡s semejante al hombre mismo, le es dada por Dios como una "auxilio", representando asÃ a Dios que es nuestro "auxilio" (cf Sal 121,2). "Por eso deja el hombre a su padre y a su madre y se une a su mujer, y se hacen una sola carne" (cf Gn 2,18-25). Que esto significa una uniÃ³n indefectible de sus dos vidas, el SeÃ±or mismo lo muestra recordando cuÃ¡l fue "en el principio", el plan del Creador: "De manera que ya no son dos sino una sola carne" (Mt 19,6).
El matrimonio bajo la esclavitud del pecado
1606 Todo hombre, tanto en su entorno como en su propio corazÃ³n, vive la experiencia del mal. Esta experiencia se hace sentir tambiÃ©n en las relaciones entre el hombre y la mujer. En todo tiempo, la uniÃ³n del hombre y la mujer vive amenazada por la discordia, el espÃritu de dominio, la infidelidad, los celos y conflictos que pueden conducir hasta el odio y la ruptura. Este desorden puede manifestarse de manera mÃ¡s o menos aguda, y puede ser mÃ¡s o menos superado, segÃºn las culturas, las Ã©pocas, los individuos, pero siempre aparece como algo de carÃ¡cter universal.
1607 SegÃºn la fe, este desorden que constatamos dolorosamente, no se origina en la naturaleza del hombre y de la mujer, ni en la naturaleza de sus relaciones, sino en el pecado. El primer pecado, ruptura con Dios, tiene como consecuencia primera la ruptura de la comuniÃ³n original entre el hombre y la mujer. Sus relaciones quedan distorsionadas por agravios recÃprocos (cf Gn 3,12); su atractivo mutuo, don propio del creador (cf Gn 2,22), se cambia en relaciones de dominio y de concupiscencia (cf Gn 3,16b); la hermosa vocaciÃ³n del hombre y de la mujer de ser fecundos, de multiplicarse y someter la tierra (cf Gn 1,28) queda sometida a los dolores del parto y los esfuerzos de ganar el pan (cf Gn 3,16-19).
1608 Sin embargo, el orden de la CreaciÃ³n subsiste aunque gravemente perturbado. Para sanar las heridas del pecado, el hombre y la mujer necesitan la ayuda de la gracia que Dios, en su misericordia infinita, jamÃ¡s les ha negado (cf Gn 3,21). Sin esta ayuda, el hombre y la mujer no pueden llegar a realizar la uniÃ³n de sus vidas en orden a la cual Dios los creÃ³ "al comienzo".
El matrimonio bajo la pedagogÃa de la antigua Ley
1609 En su misericordia, Dios no abandonÃ³ al hombre pecador. Las penas que son consecuencia del pecado, "los dolores del parto" (Gn 3,16), el trabajo "con el sudor de tu frente" (Gn 3,19), constituyen tambiÃ©n remedios que limitan los daÃ±os del pecado. Tras la caÃda, el matrimonio ayuda a vencer el repliegue sobre s Ã mismo, el egoÃsmo, la bÃºsqueda del propio placer, y a abrirse al otro, a la ayuda mutua, al don de sÃ.
1610 La conciencia moral relativa a la unidad e indisolubilidad del matrimonio se desarrollÃ³ bajo la pedagogÃa de la Ley antigua. La poligamia de los patriarcas y de los reyes no es todavÃa prohibida de una manera explÃcita. No obstante, la Ley dada por MoisÃ©s se orienta a proteger a la mujer contra un dominio arbitrario del hombre, aunque ella lleve tambiÃ©n, segÃºn la palabra del SeÃ±or, las huellas de "la dureza del corazÃ³n" de la persona humana, razÃ³n por la cual MoisÃ©s permitiÃ³ el repudio de la mujer (cf Mt 19,8; Dt 24,1).
1611 Contemplando la Alianza de Dios con Israel bajo la imagen de un amor conyugal exclusivo y fiel (cf Os 1-3; Is 54.62; Jr 2-3. 31; Ez 16,62;23), los profetas fueron preparando la conciencia del Pueblo elegido para una comprensiÃ³n mÃ¡s profunda de la unidad y de la indisolubilidad del matrimonio (cf Mal 2,13-17). Los libros de Rut y de TobÃas dan testimonios conmovedores del sentido hondo del matrimonio, de la fidelidad y de la ternura de los esposos. La TradiciÃ³n ha visto siempre en el Cantar de los Cantares una expresiÃ³n Ãºnica del amor humano, en cuanto que Ã©ste es reflejo del amor de Dios, amor "fuerte como la muerte" que "las grandes aguas no pueden anegar" (Ct 8,6-7).
El matrimonio en el SeÃ±or
1612 La alianza nupcial entre Dios y su pueblo Israel habÃa preparado la nueva y eterna alianza mediante la que el Hijo de Dios, encarnÃ¡ndose y dando su vida, se uniÃ³ en cierta manera con toda la humanidad salvada por Ã©l (cf. GS 22), preparando asÃ "las bodas del cordero" (Ap 19,7.9).
1613 En el umbral de su vida pÃºblica, JesÃºs realiza su primer signo -a peticiÃ³n de su Madre- con ocasiÃ³n de un banquete de boda (cf Jn 2,1-11). La Iglesia concede una gran importancia a la presencia de JesÃºs en las bodas de CanÃ¡. Ve en ella la confirmaciÃ³n de la bondad del matrimonio y el anuncio de que en adelante el matrimonio serÃ¡ un signo eficaz de la presencia de Cristo.
1614 En su predicaciÃ³n, JesÃºs enseÃ±Ã³ sin ambigÃ¼edad el sentido original de la uniÃ³n del hombre y la mujer, tal como el Creador la quiso al comienzo: la autorizaciÃ³n, dada por MoisÃ©s, de repudiar a su mujer era una concesiÃ³n a la dureza del corazÃ³n (cf Mt 19,8); la uniÃ³n matrimonial del hombre y la mujer es indisoluble: Dios mismo la estableciÃ³: "lo que Dios uniÃ³, que no lo separe el hombre" (Mt 19,6).
1615 Esta insistencia, inequÃvoca, en la indisolubilidad del vÃnculo matrimonial pudo causar perplejidad y aparecer como una exigencia irrealizable (cf Mt 19,10). Sin embargo, JesÃºs no impuso a los esposos una carga imposible de llevar y demasiado pesada (cf Mt 11,29-30), mÃ¡s pesada que la Ley de MoisÃ©s. Viniendo para restablecer el orden inicial de la creaciÃ³n perturbado por el pecado, da la fuerza y la gracia para vivir el matrimonio en la dimensiÃ³n nueva del Reino de Dios. Siguiendo a Cristo, renunciando a s Ã mismos, tomando sobre s Ã sus cruces (cf Mt 8,34), los esposos podrÃ¡n "comprender" (cf Mt 19,11) el sentido original del matrimonio y vivirlo con la ayuda de Cristo. Esta gracia del Matrimonio cristiano es un fruto de la Cruz de Cristo, fuente de toda la vida cristiana.
1616 Es lo que el apÃ³stol Pablo da a entender diciendo: "Maridos, amad a vuestras mujeres como Cristo amÃ³ a la Iglesia y se entregÃ³ a sÃ mismo por ella, para santificarla" (Ef 5,25-26), y aÃ±adiendo enseguida: "`Por es o dejarÃ¡ el hombre a su padre y a su madre y se unirÃ¡ a su mujer, y los dos se harÃ¡n una sola carne'. Gran misterio es Ã©ste, lo digo respecto a Cristo y a la Iglesia" (Ef 5,31-32).
1617 Toda la vida cristiana estÃ¡ marcada por el amor esponsal de Cristo y de la Iglesia. Ya el Bautismo, entrada en el Pueblo de Dios, es un misterio nupcial. Es, por asÃ decirlo, como el baÃ±o de bodas (cf Ef 5,26-27) que precede al banquete de bodas, la EucaristÃa. El Matrimonio cristiano viene a ser por su parte signo eficaz, sacramento de la alianza de Cristo y de la Iglesia. Puesto que es signo y comunicaciÃ³n de la gracia, el matrimonio entre bautizados es un verdadero sacramento de la Nueva Alianza (cf DS 1800; CIC, can. 1055,2).
La virginidad por el Reino de Dios
1618 Cristo es el centro de toda vida cristiana. El vÃnculo con El ocupa el primer lugar entre todos los demÃ¡s vÃnculos, familiares o sociales (cf Lc 14,26; Mc 10,28-31). Desde los comienzos de la Iglesia ha habido hombres y mujeres que han renunciado al gran bien del matrimonio para seguir al Cordero dondequiera que vaya (cf Ap 14,4), para ocuparse de las cosas del SeÃ±or, para tratar de agradarle (cf 1 Co 7,32), para ir al encuentro del Esposo que viene (cf Mt 25,6). Cristo mismo invitÃ³ a algunos a seguirle en este modo de vida del que El es el modelo:
Hay eunucos que nacieron asÃ del seno materno, y hay eunucos hechos por los hombres, y hay eunucos que se hicieron tales a sÃ mismos por el Reino de los Cielos. Quien pueda entender, que entienda (Mt 19,12).
1619 La virginidad por el Reino de los Cielos es un desarrollo de la gracia bautismal, un signo poderoso de la preeminencia del vÃnculo con Cristo, de la ardiente espera de su retorno, un signo que recuerda tambiÃ©n que el matrimonio es una realidad que manifiesta el carÃ¡cter pasajero de este mundo (cf 1 Co 7,31; Mc 12,25).
1620 Estas dos realidades, el sacramento del Matrimonio y la virginidad por el Reino de Dios, vienen del SeÃ±or mismo. Es Ã©l quien les da sentido y les concede la gracia indispensable para vivirlos conforme a su voluntad (cf Mt 19,3-12). La estima de la virginidad por el Reino (cf LG 42; PC 12; OT 10) y el sentido cristiano del Matrimonio son inseparables y se apoyan mutuamente:
Denigrar el matrimonio es reducir a la vez la gloria de la virginidad; elogiarlo es realzar a la vez la admiraciÃ³n que corresponde a la virginidad... (S. Juan CrisÃ³stomo, virg. 10,1; cf FC, 16).
II La celebraciÃ³n del Matrimonio
1621 En el rito latino, la celebraciÃ³n del matrimonio entre dos fieles catÃ³licos tiene lugar ordinariamente dentro de la Santa Misa, en virtud del vÃnculo que tienen todos los sacramentos con el Misterio Pascual de Cristo (cf SC 61). En la EucaristÃa se realiza el memorial de la Nueva Alianza, en la que Cristo se uniÃ³ para siempre a la Iglesia, su esposa amada por la que se entregÃ³ (cf LG 6). Es, pues, conveniente que los esposos sellen su consentimiento en darse el uno al otro mediante la ofrenda de sus propias vidas, uniÃ©ndose a la ofrenda de Cristo por su Iglesia, hecha presente en el sacrificio eucarÃstico, y recibiendo la EucaristÃa, para que, comulgando en el mismo Cuerpo y en la misma Sangre de Cristo, "formen un solo cuerpo" en Cristo (cf 1 Co 10,17).
1622 "En cuanto gesto sacramental de santificaciÃ³n, la celebraciÃ³n del matrimonio...debe ser por sÃ misma vÃ¡lida, digna y fructuosa" (FC 67). Por tanto, conviene que los futuros esposos se dispongan a la celebraciÃ³n de su matrimonio recibiendo el sacramento de la penitencia.
1623 SegÃºn la tradiciÃ³n latina, los esposos, como ministros de la gracia de Cristo, manifestando su consentimiento ante la Iglesia, se confieren mutuamente el sacramento del matrimonio. En las tradiciones de las Iglesias orientales, los sacerdotes âObispos o presbÃterosâ son testigos del recÃproco consentimiento expresado por los esposos (cf. CCEO, can. 817), pero tambiÃ©n su bendiciÃ³n es necesaria para la validez del sacramento (cf CCEO, can. 828).
1624 Las diversas liturgias son ricas en oraciones de bendiciÃ³n y de epÃclesis pidiendo a Dios su gracia y la bendiciÃ³n sobre la nueva pareja, especialmente sobre la esposa. En la epÃclesis de este sacramento los esposos reciben el EspÃritu Santo como ComuniÃ³n de amor de Cristo y de la Iglesia (cf. Ef 5,32). El EspÃritu Santo es el sello de la alianza de los esposos, la fuente siempre generosa de su amor, la fuerza con que se renovarÃ¡ su fidelidad.
III El consentimiento matrimonial
1625 Los protagonistas de la alianza matrimonial son un hombre y una mujer bautizados, libres para contraer el matrimonio y que expresan libremente su consentimiento. "Ser libre" quiere decir:
â no obrar por coacciÃ³n; â no estar impedido por una ley natural o eclesiÃ¡stica.
1626 La Iglesia considera el intercambio de los consentimientos entre los esposos como el elemento indispensable "que hace el matrimonio" (CIC, can. 1057,1). Si el consentimiento falta, no hay matrimonio.
1627 El consentimiento consiste en "un acto humano, por el cual los esposos se dan y se reciben mutuamente" (GS 48,1; cf CIC, can. 1057,2): "Yo te recibo como esposa" - "Yo te recibo como esposo" (OcM 45). Este consentimiento que une a los esposos entre sÃ, encuentra su plenitud en el hecho de que los dos "vienen a ser una sola carne" (cf Gn 2,24; Mc 10,8; Ef 5,31).
1628 El consentimiento debe ser un acto de la voluntad de cada uno de los contrayentes, libre de violencia o de temor grave externo (cf CIC, can. 1103). NingÃºn poder humano puede reemplazar este consentimiento (CIC, can. 1057, 1). Si esta libertad falta, el matrimonio es invÃ¡lido.
1629 Por esta razÃ³n (o por otras razones que hacen nulo e invÃ¡lido el matrimonio; cf. CIC, can. 1095-1107), la Iglesia, tras examinar la situaciÃ³n por el tribunal eclesiÃ¡stico competente, puede declarar "la nulidad del matrimonio", es decir, que el matrimonio no ha existido. En este caso, los contrayentes quedan libres para casarse, aunque deben cumplir las obligaciones naturales nacidas de una uniÃ³n precedente precedente (cf CIC, can. 1071).
1630 El sacerdote ( o el diÃ¡cono) que asiste a la celebraci Ã³n del matrimonio, recibe el consentimiento de los esposos en nombre de la Iglesia y da la bendiciÃ³n de la Iglesia. La presencia del ministro de la Iglesia (y tambiÃ©n de los testigos) expresa visiblemente que el matrimonio es una realidad eclesial.
1631 Por esta razÃ³n, la Iglesia exige ordinariamente para sus fieles la forma eclesiÃ¡stica de la celebraciÃ³n del matrimonio (cf Cc. de Trento: DS 1813-1816; CIC, can. 1108). Varias razones concurren para explicar esta determinaciÃ³n:
â El matrimonio sacramental es un acto litÃºrgico. Por tanto, es conveniente que sea celebrado en la liturgia pÃºblica de la Iglesia. â El matrimonio introduce en un ordo eclesial, crea derechos y deberes en la Iglesia entre los esposos y para con los hijos. â Por ser el matrimonio un estado de vida en la Iglesia, es preciso que exista certeza sobre Ã©l (de ahÃ la obligaciÃ³n de tener testigos).â El carÃ¡cter pÃºblico del consentimiento protege el "SÃ" una vez dado y ayuda a permanecer fiel a Ã©l.
1632 Para que el "SÃ" de los esposos sea un acto libre y responsable, y para que la alianza matrimonial tenga fundamentos humanos y cristianos sÃ³lidos y estables, la preparaciÃ³n para el matrimonio es de primera importancia:
El ejemplo y la enseÃ±anza dados por los padres y por las familias son el camino privilegiado de esta preparaciÃ³n.
El papel de los pastores y de la comunidad cristiana como "familia de Dios" es indispensable para la transmisiÃ³n de los valores humanos y cristianos del matrimonio y de la familia (cf. CIC, can. 1063), y esto con mayor razÃ³n en nuestra Ã©poca en la que muchos jÃ³venes conocen la experiencia de hogares rotos que ya no aseguran suficientemente esta iniciaciÃ³n:
Los jÃ³venes deben ser instruidos adecuada y oportunamente sobre la dignidad, dignidad , tareas y ejercicio del amor conyugal, sobre todo en el seno de la misma familia, para que, educados en el cultivo de la castidad, puedan pasar, a la edad conveniente, de un honesto noviazgo vivido al matrimonio (GS 49,3).
Matrimonios mixtos y disparidad de culto
1633 En numerosos paÃses, la situaciÃ³n del matrimonio mixto (entre catÃ³lico y bautizado no catÃ³lico) se presenta con bastante frecuencia. Exige una atenciÃ³n particular de los cÃ³nyuges y de los pastores. El caso de matrimonios con disparidad de culto (entre catÃ³lico y no bautizado) exige una aÃºn mayor atenciÃ³n.
1634 La diferencia de confesiÃ³n entre los cÃ³nyuges no constituye un obstÃ¡culo insuperable para el matrimonio, cuando llegan a poner en comÃºn lo que cada uno de ellos ha recibido en su comunidad, y a aprender el uno del otro el modo como cada uno vive su fidelidad a Cristo. Pero las dificultades de los matrimonios mixtos no deben tampoco ser subestimadas. Se deben al hecho de que la separaciÃ³n de los cristianos no se ha superado todavÃa. Los esposos corren el peligro de vivir en el seno de su hogar el drama de la desuniÃ³n de los cristianos. La disparidad de culto puede agravar aÃºn mÃ¡s estas dificultades. Divergencias en la fe, en la concepciÃ³n misma del matrimonio, pero tambiÃ©n mentalidades religiosas distintas pueden constituir una fuente de tensiones en el matrimonio, principalmente a propÃ³sito de la educaciÃ³n de los hijos. Una tentaciÃ³n que puede presentarse entonces es la indiferencia religiosa.
1635 SegÃºn el derecho vigente en la Iglesia latina, un matrimonio mixto necesita, para su licitud, el permiso expreso de la autoridad eclesiÃ¡stica (cf CIC, can. 1124). En caso de disparidad de culto se requiere una dispensa expresa del impedimento para la validez del matrimonio (cf CIC, can. 1086). Este permiso o esta dispensa supone que ambas partes conozcan y no excluyan los fines y las propiedades esenciales del matrimonio; ademÃ¡s, que la parte catÃ³lica confirme los compromisos âtambiÃ©n haciÃ©ndolos conocer a la parte no catÃ³licaâ de conservar la propia fe y de asegurar el Bautismo y la educaciÃ³n de los hijos en la Iglesia CatÃ³lica (cf CIC, can. 1125).
1636 En muchas regiones, gracias al diÃ¡logo ecumÃ©nico, las comunidades cristianas interesadas han podido llevar a cabo una pastoral comÃºn para los matrimonios mixtos. Su objetivo es ayudar a estas parejas a vivir su situaciÃ³n particular a la luz de la fe. Debe tambiÃ©n ayudarles a superar las tensiones entre las obligaciones de los cÃ³nyuges, el uno con el otro, y con sus comunidades eclesiales. Debe alentar el desarrollo de lo que les es comÃºn en la fe, y el respeto de lo que los separa.
1637 En los matrimonios con disparidad de culto, el esposo catÃ³lico tiene una tarea particular: "Pues el marido no creyente queda santificado por su mujer, y la mujer no creyente queda santificada por el marido creyente" ( 1 Co 7,14). Es un gran gozo para el cÃ³nyuge cristiano y para la Iglesia el que esta "santificaciÃ³n" conduzca a la conversiÃ³n libre del otro cÃ³nyuge a la fe cristiana (cf. 1 Co 7,16). El amor conyugal sincero, la prÃ¡ctica humilde y paciente de las virtudes familiares, y la oraciÃ³n perseverante pueden preparar al cÃ³nyuge no creyente a recibir la gracia de la conversiÃ³n.
IV Los efectos del sacramento del Matrimonio
1638 "Del matrimonio vÃ¡lido se origina entre los cÃ³nyuges un vÃnculo perpetuo y exclusivo por su misma naturaleza; ademÃ¡s, en el matrimonio cristiano los cÃ³nyuges son fortalecidos y quedan como consagrados por un sacramento peculiar para los deberes y la dignidad de su estado" (CIC, can. 1134).
El vÃnculo matrimonial
1639 El consentimiento por el que los esposos se dan y se reciben mutuamente es sellado por el mismo Dios (cf Mc 10,9). De su alianza "nace una instituciÃ³n estable por ordenaciÃ³n divina, tambiÃ©n ante la sociedad" (GS 48,1). La alianza de los esposos estÃ¡ integrada en la alianza de Dios con los hombres: "el autÃ©ntico amor conyugal es asumido en el amor divino" (GS 48,2).
1640 Por tanto, el vÃnculo matrimonial es establecido por Dios mismo, de modo que el matrimonio celebrado y consumado entre bautizados no puede ser disuelto jamÃ¡s. Este vÃnculo que resulta del acto humano libre de los esposos y de la consumaciÃ³n del matrimonio es una realidad ya irrevocable y da origen a una alianza garantizada por la fidelidad de Dios. La Iglesia no tiene poder para pronunciarse contra esta disposiciÃ³n de la sabidurÃa divina (cf CIC, can. 1141).
La gracia del sacramento del matrimonio
1641 "En su modo y estado de vida, (los cÃ³nyuges cristianos) tienen su carisma propio en el Pueblo de Dios" (LG 11). Esta gracia propia del sacramento del matrimonio estÃ¡ destinada a perfeccionar el amor de los cÃ³nyuges, a fortalecer su unidad indisoluble. Por medio de esta gracia "se ayudan mutuamente a santificarse con la vida matrimonial conyugal y en la acogida y educaciÃ³n de los hijos" (LG 11; cf LG 41).
1642 Cristo es la fuente de esta gracia. "Pues de la misma manera que Dios en otro tiempo saliÃ³ al encuentro de su pueblo por una alianza de amor y fidelidad, ahora el Salvador de los hombres y Esposo de la Iglesia, mediante el sacramento del matrimonio, sale al encuentro de los esposos cristianos" (GS 48,2). Permanece con ellos, les da la fuerza de segu irle tomando su cruz, de levantarse despuÃ©s de sus caÃdas, de perdonarse mutuamente, de llevar unos las cargas de los otros (cf Ga 6,2), de estar "sometidos unos a otros en el temor de Cristo" (Ef 5,21) y de amarse con un amor sobrenatural, delicado y fecundo. En las alegrÃas de su amor y de su vida familiar les da, ya aquÃ, un gusto anticipado del banquete de las bodas del Cordero:
Â¿De dÃ³nde voy a sacar la fuerza para describir de manera satisfactoria la dicha del matrimonio que celebra la Iglesia, que confirma la ofrenda, que sella la bendiciÃ³n? Los Ã¡ngeles lo proclaman, el Padre celestial lo ratifica...Â¡QuÃ© matrimonio el de dos cristianos, unidos por una sola esperanza, un solo deseo, una sola disciplina, el mismo servicio! Los dos hijos de un mismo Padre, servidores de un mismo SeÃ±or; nada los separa, ni en el espÃritu ni en la carne; al contrario, son verdaderamente dos en una sola carne. Donde la carne es una, tambiÃ©n es uno el espÃritu (Tertuliano, ux. 2,9; cf. FC 13).
V Los bienes y las exigencias del amor conyugal
1643 "El amor conyugal comporta una totalidad en la que entran todos los elementos de la persona -reclamo del cuerpo y del instinto, fuerza del sentimiento y de la afectividad, aspiraciÃ³n del espÃritu y de la voluntad-; mira una unidad profundamente personal que, mÃ¡s allÃ¡ de la uniÃ³n en una sola carne, conduce a no tener mÃ¡s que un corazÃ³n y un alma; exige la indisolubilidad y la fidelidad de la donaciÃ³n recÃproca definitiva; y se abre a fecundidad. En una palabra: se trata de caracterÃsticas normales de todo amor conyugal natural, pero con un significado nuevo que no sÃ³lo las purifica y consolida, sino las eleva hasta el punto de hacer de ellas la expresiÃ³n de valores propiamente cristianos" (FC 13). Unidad e indisolubilidad del matrimonio
1644 El amor de los esposos exige, por su misma naturaleza, la unidad y la indisolubilidad de la comunidad de personas que abarca la vida entera de los esposos: "De manera que ya no son dos sino una sola carne" (Mt 19,6; cf Gn 2,24). "EstÃ¡n llamados a crecer continuamente en su comuniÃ³n a travÃ©s de la fidelidad cotidiana a la promesa matrimonial de la recÃproca donaciÃ³n total" (FC 19). Esta comuniÃ³n humana es confirmada, purificada y perfeccionada por la comuniÃ³n en Jesucristo dada mediante el sacramento del matrimonio. Se profundiza por la vida de la fe comÃºn y por la EucaristÃa recibida en comÃºn.
1645 "La unidad del matrimonio aparece ampliamente confirmada por la igual dignidad personal que hay que reconocer a la mujer y el varÃ³n en el mutuo y pleno amor" (GS 49,2). La poligamia es contraria a esta igual dignidad de uno y otro y al amor conyugal que es Ãºnico y exclusivo.
La fidelidad del amor conyugal
1646 El amor conyugal exige de los esposos, por su misma naturaleza, una fidelidad inviolable. Esto es consecuencia del don de sÃ mismos que se hacen mutuamente los esposos. El autÃ©ntico amor tiende por sÃ mismo a ser algo definitivo, no algo pasajero. "Esta Ãntima uniÃ³n, en cuanto donaciÃ³n mutua de dos personas, como el bien de los hijos exigen la fidelidad de los cÃ³nyuges y urgen su indisoluble unidad" (GS 48,1).
1647 Su motivo mÃ¡s profundo consiste en la fidelidad de Dios a su alianza, de Cristo a su Iglesia. Por el sacramento del matrimonio los esposos son capacitados para representar y testimoniar esta fidelidad. Por el sacramento, la indisolubilidad del matrimonio adquiere un sentido nuevo y mÃ¡s profundo.
1648 Puede parecer difÃcil, incluso imposible, atarse para toda la vida a un ser humano. Por ello es tanto mÃ¡s importante anunciar la buena nueva de que Dios nos ama con un amor definitivo e irrevocable, de que los esposos participan de este amor, que les conforta y mantiene, y de que por su fidelidad se convierten en testigos del amor fiel de Dios. Los esposos que, con la gracia de Dios, dan este testimonio, con frecuencia en condiciones muy difÃciles, merecen la gratitud y el apoyo de la comunidad eclesial (cf FC 20).
1649 Existen, sin embargo, situaciones en que la convivencia matrimonial se hace prÃ¡cticamente imposible por razones muy diversas. En tales casos, la Iglesia admite la separaciÃ³n fÃsica de los esposos y el fin de la cohabitaciÃ³n. Los esposos no cesan de ser marido y mujer delante de Dios; ni son libres para contraer una nueva uniÃ³n. En esta situaciÃ³n difÃcil, la mejor soluciÃ³n serÃa, s i es posible, la reconciliaciÃ³n. La comunidad cristiana estÃ¡ llamada a ayudar a estas personas a vivir cristianamente su situaciÃ³n en la fidelidad al vÃnculo de su matrimonio que permanece indisoluble (cf FC; 83; CIC, can. 1151-1155).
1650 Hoy son numerosos en muchos paÃses los catÃ³licos que recurren al divorcio segÃºn las leyes civiles y que contraen tambiÃ©n civilmente una nueva uniÃ³n. La Iglesia mantiene, por fidelidad a la palabra de Jesucristo ("Quien repudie a su mujer y se case con otra, comete adulterio contra aquella; y si ella repudia a su marido y se casa con otro, comete adulterio": Mc 10,11-12), que no puede reconocer como vÃ¡lida esta nueva uniÃ³n, si era vÃ¡lido el primer matrimonio. Si los divorciados se vuelven a casar civilmente, se ponen en una situaciÃ³n que contradice objetivamente a la ley de Dios. Por lo cual no pueden acceder a la comuniÃ³n eucarÃstica mientras persista esta situaciÃ³n, y por la misma razÃ³n no pueden ejercer ciertas responsabilidades eclesiales. La reconciliaciÃ³n mediante el sacramento de la penitencia no puede ser concedida mÃ¡s que aquellos que se arrepientan de haber violado el signo de la Alianza y de la fidelidad a Cristo y que se comprometan a vivir en total continencia.
1651 Respecto a los cristianos que viven en esta situaciÃ³n y que con frecuencia conservan la fe y desean educar cristianamente a sus hijos, los sacerdotes y toda la comunidad deben dar prueba de una atenta solicitud, a fin de aquellos no se consideren como separados de la Iglesia, de cuya vida pueden y deben participar en cuanto bautizados:
Se les exhorte a escuchar la Palabra de Dios, a frecuentar el sacrificio de la misa, a perseverar en la oraciÃ³n, a incrementar las obras de caridad y las iniciativas de la comunidad en favor de la justicia, a educar sus hijos en la fe cristiana, a cultivar el espÃritu y las obras de penitencia para implorar de este modo, dÃa a dÃa, la gracia de Dios (FC 84).
La apertura a la fecundidad
1652 "Por su naturaleza misma, la instituciÃ³n misma del matrimonio y el amor conyugal estÃ¡n ordenados a la procreaciÃ³n y a la educaciÃ³n de la prole y con ellas son coronados como su culminaciÃ³n" (GS 48,1):
Los hijos son el don mÃ¡s excelente del matrimonio y contribuyen mucho al bien de sus mismos padres. El mismo Dios, que dijo: "No es bueno que el hombre estÃ© solo (Gn 2,18), y que hizo desde el principio al hombre, varÃ³n y mujer" (Mt 19,4), queriendo comunicarle cierta participaciÃ³n especial en su propia obra creadora, bendijo al varÃ³n y a la mujer diciendo: "Creced y multiplicaos" (Gn 1,28). De ahÃ que el cultivo verdadero del amor conyugal y todo el sistema de vida familiar que de Ã©l procede, sin dejar posponer los otros fines del matrimonio, tienden a que los esposos estÃ©n dispuestos con fortaleza de Ã¡nimo a cooperar con el amor del Creador y Salvador, que por medio de ellos aumenta y enriquece su propia familia cada dÃa mÃ¡s (GS 50,1).
1653 La fecundidad del amor conyugal se extiende a los frutos de la vida moral, espiritual y sobrenatural que los padres transmiten a sus hijos por medio de la educaciÃ³n. Los padres son los principales y primeros educadores de sus hijos (cf. GE 3). En este sentido, la tarea fundamental del matrimonio y de la familia es estar al servicio de la vida (cf FC 28).
1654 Sin embargo, los esposos a los que Dios no ha concedido tener hijos pueden llevar una vida conyugal plena de sentido, humana y cristianamente. Su matrimonio puede irradiar una fecundidad de caridad, de acogida y de sacrificio.
VI La iglesia domÃ©stica
1655 Cristo quiso nacer y crecer en el seno de la Sagrada Familia de JosÃ© y de MarÃa. La Iglesia no es otra cosa que la "familia de Dios". Desde sus orÃgenes, el nÃºcleo de la Iglesia estaba a menudo constituido por los que, "con toda su casa", habÃan llegado a ser creyentes (cf Hch 18,8). Cuando se convertÃan deseaban tambiÃ©n que se salvase "toda su casa" (cf Hch 16,31 y 11,14). Estas familias convertidas eran islotes de vida cristiana en un mundo no creyente.
1656 En nuestros dÃas, en un mundo frecuentemente extraÃ±o e incluso hostil a la fe, las familias creyentes tienen una importancia primordial en cuanto faros de una fe viva e irradiadora. Por eso el Concilio Vaticano II llama a la familia, con una antigua expresiÃ³n, "Ecclesia domestica" (LG 11; cf. FC 21). En el seno de la familia, "los padres han de ser para sus hijos los primeros anunciadores de la fe con su palabra y con su ejemplo, y han de fomentar la vocaciÃ³n personal de cada uno y, con especial cuidado, la vocaciÃ³n a la vida consagrada" (LG 11).
1657 AquÃ es donde se ejercita de manera privilegiada el sacerdocio bautismal del padre de familia, de la madre, de los hijos, de todos los miembros de la familia, "en la recepciÃ³n de los sacramentos, en la oraciÃ³n y en la acciÃ³n de gracias, con el testimonio de una vida santa, con la renuncia y el amor que se traduce en obras" (LG 10). El hogar es asÃ la primera escuela de vida cristiana y "escuela del mÃ¡s rico humanismo" (GS 52,1). AquÃ se aprende la paciencia y el gozo del trabajo, el amor fraterno, el perdÃ³n generoso, incluso reiterado, y sobre todo el culto divino por medio de la oraciÃ³n y la ofrenda de su vida.
1658 Es preciso recordar asimismo a un gran nÃºmero de personas que permanecen solteras a causa de las concretas condiciones en que deben vivir, a menudo sin haberlo querido ellas mismas. Estas personas se encuentran particularmente cercanas al corazÃ³n de JesÃºs; y, por ello, merecen afecto y solicitud diligentes de la Iglesia, particularmente de sus pastores. Muchas de ellas viven sin familia humana, con frecuencia a causa de condiciones de pobreza. Hay quienes viven su situaciÃ³n segÃºn el espÃritu de las bienaventuranzas sirviendo a Dios y al prÃ³jimo de manera ejemplar. A todas ellas es preciso abrirles las puertas de los hogares, "iglesias domÃ©sticas" y las puertas de la gran familia que es la Iglesia. "Nadie se sienta sin familia en este mundo: la Iglesia es casa y familia de todos, especialmente para cuantos estÃ¡n `fatigados y agobiados' (Mt 11,28)" (FC 85).
1659 S. Pablo dice: "Maridos, amad a vuestras mujeres como Cristo amÃ³ a la Iglesia...Gran misterio es Ã©ste, lo digo con respecto a Cristo y la Iglesia" (Ef 5,25.32).
1660 La alianza matrimonial, por la que un hombre y una mujer constituyen una Ãntima comunidad de vida y de amor, fue fundada y dotada de sus leyes propias por el Creador. Por su naturaleza estÃ¡ ordenada al bien de los cÃ³nyuges asÃ como a la generaciÃ³n y educaciÃ³n de los hijos. Entre bautizados, el matrimonio ha sido elevado por Cristo SeÃ±or a la dignidad de sacramento (cf. GS 48,1; CIC, can. 1055,1).
1661 El sacramento del matrimonio significa la uniÃ³n de Cristo con la Iglesia. Da a los esposos la gracia de amarse con el amor con que Cristo amÃ³ a su Iglesia; la gracia del sacramento perfecciona asÃ el amor humano de los esposos, reafirma su unidad indisoluble y los santifica en el camino de la vida eterna (cf. Cc. de Trento: DS 1799).
1662 El matrimonio se funda en el consentimiento de los contrayentes, es decir, en la voluntad de darse mutua y definitivamente con el fin de vivir una alianza de amor fiel y fecundo.
1663 Dado que el matrimonio establece a los cÃ³nyuges en un estado pÃºblico de vida en la Iglesia, la celebraciÃ³n del mismo se hace ordinariamente de modo pÃºblico, en el marco de una celebraciÃ³n litÃºrgica, ante el sacerdote (o el testigo cualificado de la Iglesia), los testigos y la asamblea de los fieles.
1664 La unidad, la indisolubilidad, y la apertura a la fecundidad son esenciales al matrimonio. La poligamia es incompatible con la unidad del matrimonio; el divorcio separa lo que Dios ha unido; el rechazo de la fecundidad priva la vida conyugal de su "don mÃ¡s excelente", el hijo (GS 50,1).
1665 Contraer un nuevo matrimonio por parte de los divorciados mientras viven sus cÃ³nyuges legÃtimos contradice el plan y la ley de Dios enseÃ±ados por Cristo. Los que viven en esta situaciÃ³n no estÃ¡n separados de la Iglesia pero no pueden acceder a la comuniÃ³n eucarÃstica. Pueden vivir su vida cristiana sobre todo educando a sus hijos en la fe.
1666 El hogar cristiano es el lugar en que los hijos reciben el primer anuncio de la fe. Por eso la casa familiar es llamada justamente "Iglesia domÃ©stica", comunidad de gracia y de oraciÃ³n, escuela de virtudes humanas y de caridad cristiana.
|Peak White Man||As published at OpEd News, Unz Review and Intrepid Report, 8/7/17:|
In a few hours, I'll fly to Europe, my favorite continent, and why not? Most of my intellectual and artistic heroes are Europeans, Kakfa, Beckmann, Kippenberger, Siebald, Rabelais, Rimbaud, Celine, Orwell, Kundera, Dostoievsky and Milosz, etc. I've spent significant time in Italy, England and Germany, and have fond memories of a least a dozen other European countries, all very distinctive from each other. Still.
White culture has dominated much of the world for several centuries, but it is winding down through self hatred. The white left mostly hate whites, while most of the white right are contemptuous of everybody else. Half of whites, then, hate the other half, and contemporary white culture is a degraded mess. Think Katy Perry being breaded, kneaded, garnished then cooked. Free of war and colonialism, whites are doing a fine job of destroying themselves.
Many are cheering. It's about time! Susan Sontag in 1967, "The white race is the cancer of human history; it is the white race and it aloneâits ideologies and inventionsâwhich eradicates autonomous civilizations wherever it spreads, which has upset the ecological balance of the planet, which now threatens the very existence of life itself."
After white hegemony comes Chinese leadership, many whites themselves are hoping. When I was in Leipzig in 2015, a German friend insisted that the Chinese were lifting up the Third World. It was a constructive partnership, he said, unlike murderously exploitative white colonialism. Often citing Andre Vltchek, this man believed that a resurgent Communism would be led by Russia and China. He didn't care for my observation that the Russians and Chinese had regained their footing, confidence and compass thanks to nationalism. Nationalism is reactionary, he believed. He himself didn't feel German and could care less for the concept. Most tellingly, this man had never been outside Germany. He didn't know how grounded to Germany he was.
No population anywhere needs a global ideology. Not only is global solidarity unachievable, but undesirable.
Bereft of a homeland, many Jews dreamt of a international brotherhood, thus the nightmarish chimera of Communism, which is defended to this day by the most emotionally arrested, historically amnesiac or simply hypocritical. Many who extol the virtues of international Communism will also rabidly defend the ultra nationalist and racist state of Israel.
In the popular mind, the evilness of white culture is epitomized by Nazi Germany, with Germans forever stigmatized as the worst of whites. Contemporary Germany, however, is one that supposedly allowed 500+ German women to be sexually assaulted by Muslims in Cologne during New Year's Eve of 2016. Germany is really that neutered, goes the narrative.
Perhaps emboldened by such, Vietnam recently kidnapped a Vietnamese asylum seeker from the Tiergarten, right in the heart of Berlin, then smuggled him back to Hanoi to stand trial. A former head of the state-owned oil company, Trinh Xuan Thanh is accused of pinching $150 million. Maybe Turkey will follow suit and snatch a few of Edorgan's enemies?
I'll be in Barcelona by morning. Emerging from the train onto the Placa de Catalunya in 2003, I encountered so many Africans and Chinese peddling goods, I thought I was in, well, Naples or Belleville in Paris. My mind has been in Spain for weeks. Reading Spanish newspapers, I learnt that a Senegalese had been beaten to death by four other Africans in Salou, just a 15 minute drive from Taragona, where I'll be staying with Jonathan Revusky.
In Salou in 2015, a Senegalese peddler of pirated DVDs, counterfeit sunglasses and fake handbags jumped to his death from a third floor balcony as police raided his apartment. This led to two days of clashes between 100+ Senegalese and police.
In Florence more than a decade ago, I often ran into Africans selling bogus goods made by Chinese, often in nearby Prato. With a population of 191,104, it has 45,000 Chinese.
Taragona and Bacerlona Provinces are 10% Muslims, the highest in Spain. In Reus, a law was passed in 2014 banning burquas. When it was struck down by the Spanish Supreme Court, this code was revised to ban all full-face coverings, so you best not loiter in the Reus McDonald's while wearing a motorcycle helmet, baclava or facekini.
I read that in Pizarra, population 8,990, a three-year-old girl was hit by a train. What's most remarkable is that as news of her disappearance spread around midnight, 300 locals immediately volunteered to search for her. That's the kind of small town Europe I remember, having spent two years in Certaldo, Italy, population 16,000.
You see, where every stone tells a story, people are ardently loyal to their home turf. Shared history matters. Strip malls don't. Europe will only be saved if the American empire, with its corrosive ideologies and madnesses, collapses, and this will happen soon enough. There is hope.
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|Gehen schwarze Nazi-Soldatinnen nicht doch ein bisschen weit? â News vom 22. Juli 2017||1. Immer wieder war in diesem Blog Thema, wie unser Rechtsystem MÃ¤nner fÃ¼r dasselbe Vergehen hÃ¤rter bestraft als Frauen. Aber selten wird dies anhand eines konkreten Falls so plastisch: Ein PÃ¤rchen hat Sex auf einem Alsterdampfer und muss nun wegen "Erregung Ã¶ffentlichen Ãrgernisses" insgesamt 2600 Euro Strafe zahlen. Und zwar der Mann 2100 Euro und die Frau 500 Euro. Warum? Weil die Frau gerade Mutter geworden ist und auf die Richterin einen "ganz vernÃ¼nftigen Eindruck" machte. |
2. Zwei Nachrichten aus den USA, die Genderama vor einigen Tagen meldete, werden inzwischen auch in deutschsprachigen Leitmedien erwÃ¤hnt.
"Keine Vergewaltigung auf der Matratze" titelt "Die Zeit" zum Fall Paul NungeÃer aus Berlin und Emma Sulkowicz.
Dazu, dass die Erziehungsministerin der USA auch Gruppen einlud, die faire Verfahren fÃ¼r Beschuldigte sexueller Gewalt fordern, fÃ¤llt der "SÃ¼ddeutschen" in ihrem unnachahmlichem Stil natÃ¼rlich nur folgende Ãberschrift ein: "Trumps Bildungsministerin verunsichert Opfer sexueller Gewalt".
Ãber eine derartige Idiotie ist selbst die feministische New York Times inzwischen hinaus. "Betsy DeVos Is Right: Sexual Assault Policy Is Broken" betitelt das Blatt einen Artikel der mÃ¤nnerfreundlichen Equity-Feministin Cathy Young. Und der Boston Globe ist in seiner Schlagzeile nicht weniger deutlich: "Will Betsy DeVos fix Obamaâs toxic campus sexual assault policy?"
3. In einem Urteil, das als "wegweisend" bezeichnet wird, hat das Oberste Gericht Israels gerade ein MÃ¤nner diskriminierendes Gesetz gekippt: Jetzt mÃ¼ssen auch Frauen Unterhalt fÃ¼r Kinder zahlen. Zumindest wenn die Kinder im Alter zwischen 6 und 15 Jahren sind und ihre Mutter mehr verdient als ihr Vater.
4. Die Post. Einer meiner Leser schreibt mir zu den Schwarzen Listen, die die GrÃ¼nen Ã¼ber Feminismuskritiker angelegt haben: "Ein solcher Pranger existierte ja schon des Ã¶fteren. Das kann tatsÃ¤chlich Konsequenzen haben, wenn auch anders als vom Betreiber beabsichtigt. Als Ex-Hannoveraner bin ich vor einigen Jahren Ã¼ber diese KuriositÃ¤t gestolpert:
Die Geschichte der Sammlung Sprengel beginnt im SpÃ¤tsommer 1937 unter den seltsamsten und denkwÃ¼rdigsten UmstÃ¤nden, die je einen Sammler zum Sammeln motiviert haben, Bernhard Sprengel besuchte in MÃ¼nchen die Ausstellung "Entartete Kunst", mit der die Machthaber des Dritten Reichs die moderne Kunst dem Spott und Hohn der Masse Ã¼berantworten wollten, indem sie die aus den deutschen Museen geraubten Werke der Ãffentlichkeit ... prÃ¤sentierten. "Trotz schlechter HÃ¤ngung wirkte die 'Entartete Kunst' auf meine Frau und mich wie eine Fanfare. FÃ¼r mich, der ich bisher nur der Musik wirklich verhaftet war und bildende Kunst mehr im VorÃ¼bergehen ... betrachtet hatte, war dieses die erste wirklich zÃ¼ndende Begegnung. So fÃ¼hrte unser Weg fast zwangslÃ¤ufig zu GÃ¼nther Franke in der Brienner StraÃe, der uns im âHinterstÃ¼bchenâ die ersten beiden Aquarelle von Emil Nolde verkaufte."
"Parallelen zu Agent*in mÃ¶glich?" fragt mein Leser. "Ich wÃ¼rde es den Machern wÃ¼nschen."
Ein anderer Leser macht mich darauf aufmerksam, dass der ebenfalls auf diesen Schwarzen Listen gefÃ¼hrte Professor Aigner anscheinend selbst Mitglied der GrÃ¼nen ist. Der feministische Verfolgungseifer erwischt einmal mehr die eigenen Leute â wÃ¤hrend er dem tatsÃ¤chlichen politischen Gegner nur hilft, wie Lucas Schoppe anmerkt:
Diese Plattform richtet sich gegen demokratische Akteure von links bis konservativ, weil es nur denen schaden kann, mit Rechtsradikalen in einen Topf geworfen zu werden. Den Typen vom rechten Rand hingegen wird eine solche Gemeinsamkeit eher nÃ¼tzen â was die Verantwortlichen der Plattform billigend in kauf nehmen. Die EinschÃ¼chterung demokratischer Kritiker ist ihnen offenbar wichtiger als eine gemeinsame Kritik von RechtsauÃen-Positionen.
Und auf Facebook teilt Milosz Matuschek der Heinrich-BÃ¶ll-Stiftung mit:
Eine Prangerseite ist einer politischen Stiftung nicht wÃ¼rdig, schon gar nicht, wenn sie nach einem Mann benannt ist, der Dissidenten bei sich aufnahm. Bereue gerade nicht, bei euch als Vertrauensdozent aufgehÃ¶rt zu haben.
Matuschek hat Recht. Heinrich BÃ¶ll war eines meiner Themen im mÃ¼ndlichen Examen. Er trat immer wieder fÃ¼r die politisch Ausgegrenzten ein. Und deshalb wÃ¼rde er sich im Grab herumdrehen, wenn er wÃ¼sste, was eine nach ihm benannte Stiftung heute fabriziert.
5. Mehr Post. Ein anderer Leser bezieht sich auf eine Meldung Ã¼ber einen "sexistischen" Werbespot der Firma Audi, der in China fÃ¼r einen Aufschrei sorgte, und merkt dazu an:
Inhalt des Spots: Kurz bevor sich ein Brautpaar das Ja-Wort gibt, stÃ¼rmt die kÃ¼nftige Schwiegermutter der Braut nach vorne und begutachtet (wie auf einem Viehmarkt) das Gebiss der Frau, die Ohren, die Nase. Kurzzeitig scheint sie zufriedengestellt, da fÃ¤llt ihr Blick auf das Dekollete und der Zuschauer kann erahnen, was jetzt folgen wÃ¼rde, wenn nicht ein Schnitt erfolgte und es dann um Autos ginge.
6. Ein weiterer Leser kommentiert die auf Genderama verlinkte Satiremeldung, der zufolge Christopher Nolan dafÃ¼r kritisiert worden sei, bei seiner Verfilmung der Schlacht um DÃ¼nkirchen nur weiÃe MÃ¤nner zu zeigen:
Bei deiner heutigen Presseschau konnte ich bei dem Beitrag Ã¼ber zu wenige Frauen in DÃ¼nkirchen nicht soo sehr schmunzeln.
Wie man Ã¼ber das verlinkte Youtube-Video erfÃ¤hrt, kann man bei "Call of Duty" hingegen jetzt auch schwarze Frauen als Soldatinnen der nationalsozialistischen Armee spielen. Wegen "Diversity" und so.
"ScheiÃ auf den Realismus, wir fÃ¼gen Soldatinnen hinzu, weil das lÃ¤ngst Ã¼berfÃ¤llig ist", hatte die Spieleentwicklerin Amandine Coget schon vor einem Jahr dazu erklÃ¤rt.
Mein Leser kommentiert weiter:
Nun also treibt man das ins Extreme. Es ist ja nicht so, dass hier Alternate-Reality-Spiele verkauft werden. Dann kÃ¶nnte man ja ein Auge zudrÃ¼cken.
WÃ¤hrend sie das tatsÃ¤chliche Verrecken an der Front noch immer weit Ã¼berwiegend den "unterdrÃ¼ckerischen" MÃ¤nnern Ã¼berlassen, fordern Feministinnen, dass sie im harmlosen Spiel die PlÃ¤tze dieser MÃ¤nner einnehmen dÃ¼rfen, "weil das lÃ¤ngst Ã¼berfÃ¤llig ist". Viel schÃ¶ner kann man eigentlich nicht ausdrÃ¼cken, was eine feministische Geisteshaltung heutzutage ausmacht.
|One God - One Cult - One Nation|
|Conversation with Christopher Titmuss|
Christopher Titmuss, a former Buddhist monk in Thailand and India, teaches Awakening and Insight Meditation (Vipassana) around the world. He is the founder and director of theÂ Dharma Facilitators ProgrammeÂ and Mindfulness Training Course, an online mentor programme.. He gives retreats, leads pilgrimages (yatras) and Dharma gatherings, as well as establishing a network of Dharma teachers around the world. Christopher has been teaching annual retreats in India since 1975
A senior Dharma teacher in the West, he is the author of 14 books includingLight on Enlightenment,Â Transforming Our TerrorÂ andÂ Mindfulness for Everyday Living. More than 2000 of his Dharma talks have been recorded. A campaigner for peace and other global issues, Christopher acts in an advisory capacity to various networks and organisations working to resolve suffering including Australia, Asia (Israel, Palestine, India) and Europe. Christopher has not spent more than two months in one place since 1975, when he resided for five months teaching in the foothills of theÂ
Poet and writer, he lives in Totnes, Devon, England. His work takes him to three continents every year.
|The Archaeology of Myth|
|The Archaeology of Myth|
|The Diversity of MOOCs and the Dangers of Over-Generalization|
A lot of academic criticism of MOOCs derives from the fear that small, private online courses (SPOCs) open only to fee paying students, but based on MOOCs offered by âsuperstarâ online professors, will replace local faculty, especially in lower tier institutions. Low-paid contingent faculty and teaching assistants (or worse, software programs and auto-graders) will then handle the heuristic teaching and grading, leaving fee paying students without expert human guidance. This is the "MOOCs will Destroy Higher Education as we Know It" argument.
Here is prominent MOOC critic Jonathan Rees:
If you carry the hierarchical, every-student-for-themselves assumptions inherent in an xMOOC into the future you will never escape the reasons why so many caring educators oppose MOOCs in the first place. . . The problem with MOOCs isnât the name. Itâs not even the components of the acronym. The problem with MOOCs is that theyâre being designed to create low-quality, hierarchical courses that can be championed by unscrupulous administrators to fire caring professors and leave unsuspecting students to fend entirely for themselves.
Rees appears to be arguing here against SPOCs, not MOOCs. But letâs take up that part of his argument directed nominally against MOOCs. Rees says:
Cosmetic changes will not solve (MOOC quality) problems. Only re-thinking the entire xMOOC experience from the ground up will have even the slightest chance of creating something worthwhile.
The initial bother here is Reesâs false choice between merely âcosmeticâ changes vs. ârethinking MOOCs from the ground upâ. Reesâs dualism neglects that middle ground of actual or potential positive developments within the existing x-MOOC framework. Rees would almost certainly know about these if he took a break from general critique to explore particular MOOCs. Iâll turn to this task below.
We can dismiss Reesâ unsupported claim about what MOOC designers intend. Have x-MOOCs been âdesigned to create low quality coursesâ. On the contrary, their designers seek to create high quality courses, as they understand them, with instruction better than they perceive to be todayâs norm. Indeed Anant Agarwal has made it the highest priority of edX to use the huge data sets available in computerized courses with tens or hundreds of thousands of students to improve instruction and learning. MOOCs may nonetheless be low quality courses, of course, but that is another question and would have to be addressed on the basis of relevant criteria of value.
Have MOOCs been âdesigned to suit the needs of unscrupulous administrators?â This ids another unsupported claim. Agarwal, Koller, Ng and the other platform executive have had quite different aims â to scale up instruction and make quality higher education globally available. While this may also result in substitution of technology for labor in the university, it hardly follows that that was the intended result, and in any case is not a critique of MOOC instruction itself. It is no critique of a hammer that an imbecile can use it to bash in someoneâs head. It might nonetheless be a very good hammer.
Evaluating Particular MOOCs
So letâs consider the tasks of instruction in actual MOOCs.
Instruction in courses typically involves three inter-acting dimensions: didactic, discursive and heuristic. The didactic dimension conveys knowledge through lectures and textbook readings; the discursive facilitates understandingthrough discussion and critical feedback; the heuristic shapes skills through drill and practice.
In a geometry unit, for example, the didactic component may present basic concepts such as line, plane, axiom or proof; the discursive component may provide opportunities for discussion of e.g., proof strategies; the heuristic component may provide multiple opportunities to e.g., determine the area or perimeter of figures, to invent proofs, or to construct bi-sections of line segments. In a literature unit, the didactic may convey background knowledge on the author, genre or period, the discursive may provide opportunities for guided interpretive and critical discussions of a selected story, and the heuristic may provide opportunities to use strategies of analysis, e.g., to locate the protagonist, the central conflict, and the dÃ©nouement.
Good instruction, whether in a classroom or a MOOC, provides for the development and integration of knowledge, understanding and skill. It aims to engage students into worthwhile activities and practices by melding âI know,â and âI understand,â with âI can do.â When we think in general terms about the evaluation of particular MOOCs, we want to ask how well these instructional dimensions can be handled through computer software.
Rees and other academic critics have condemned MOOCs as in effect using the best of 21stcentury technology to deliver the worst of 19th century instruction. The lectures, they claim, consist of videotaped talking heads. The discussion boards are useless and riddled with spam and flame wars. The problem sets are repetitive, trivial, and exhausting. In short, MOOCs are poor tools for didactic, discursive, and heuristic dimensions of instruction.
But is this critique justified? I will consider each of the three dimensions of instruction, with specific examples from well-known MOOCs.
(1) Didactic Instruction. While MOOC critics may wish to portray live classroom instruction as akin to Mark Hopkins dialoguing with a few students on a log, the reality is generally quite different: faculty members serving up uninspiring lectures to halls full of disengaged students. If talking heads are the problem, academic critics are in no position to pin the blame on MOOCs.
MOOC presentations, however, are not in general talking heads. On the contrary, MOOC presentations are an entirely new form of pedagogical experience. The large data sets and the rich data trails of computerized instruction have enabled researchers to explore new questions, such as the optimum length for lecture segments, and the most effective way of articulating them with readings and problem sets. Research suggests that 6 minutes is optimal. MOOCs now typically break up brief lecture segments with problem sets and free-response questions. Lecture segments are supplemented with interviews, clips from panels at research conferences, interviews with other scholars, research presentations by graduate students, and on-site videos of knowledge use in âreal-worldâ settings. While a single instructor inevitably gives his course subject matters a personal twist, MOOCs offer unique opportunities for presenting multiple points of view.
JonathanHaber, who constructed a complete college education in the humanitiesâ in asingle year - from MOOCs, and thus knows as much about actual MOOCs as any commentator, states:
MOOCs are often criticized for just transferring a âsage on stageâ pedagogy from the lectern to the computer screen, scaling up the worst aspects of oversized lecture classes. But as my year of MOOCs went on, I saw a new visual language developing, as single talking heads were supplemented (or replaced entirely) with conversations among colleagues (the visual style of one of my favorite courses: HarvardXâs "The Ancient Greek Hero") interviews with experts, on-location shots, and even on-screen performances. Such creativity helped to make lectures one of the most engaging and, ironically, intimate components of massive online courses, while also raising the bar for all other forms of online learning (most of it far duller than your average MOOC).
At their best, MOOC presentations are as engaging as the best television news magazine programs. And this is not surprising, as the universities providing the best MOOCs are investing in cutting-edge production studios and hiring media professionals. The best MOOC presentations are more like segments of â60 minutesâ than talking heads. We may question whether producing âedutainmentâ of this sort is the best use of scarce institutional funds, but that is another question entirely, and one that completely undercuts the âtalking headâ line of attack.
(2) Discussion and Feedback. Letâs acknowledge that the MOOC discussion boards are far from adequate substitutes for live discussion. Even some of the most supportive MOOC commentators have found them to have little value. The good news is that the discursive segments of many MOOCs have moved well beyond the discussion boards to live conversations in physical or virtual spaces.
Coursera has sponsored âmeet-upsâ â where students in their MOOCs can get together for course discussion - in dozens of cities. Coursera has also teamed up with the U. S. State Department to run MOOC camps for college age students in many countries. The city of Boston has teamed up with edX to initiate Boston-x, a project providing Internet computers and meeting places for MOOC learners. Other cities have emulated Boston-x, dedicating space in libraries and other public buildings for MOOC study. These efforts parallel those of the Library 2.0 movement; librarians around the world are now re-thinking optimal uses for their brick and mortar building spaces in the age of web 2.0 technologies and digital books, and one answer is meeting spaces for online learners. C-MOOCs, and now many x-MOOCs well, make extensive use of video-conferencing â e.g., via Skype - to connect group members. MOOCs offering nothing more than discussion boards are simply behind the MOOC curve.
(3) Heuristic Instruction. Academic critics claim that the âcan doâ element of MOOCs is restricted to monitoring auto-or- peer graded problem sets.
Many actual MOOCs, however, have moved way beyond such mechanized problem sets, making project-based authentic learning central to the MOOC experience. Here are two examples:
(1) At the University of Virginiaâs Darden School of Business, Professor Michael Lenox has offered several iterations of his âFoundations of Business Strategyâ MOOC on the Coursera platform. Lenox uses âCoursolve,â a crowdsourcing software program, to connect his course with partner organizations where students work to solve real-life challenges. He says:
âEntrepreneurs donât always have the resources to hire external support to address their needs, but weâve seen firsthand that students are hungry for the chance to apply their knowledge to real-world problems,â Lenox says. âBy collaborating with organizations, students can strengthen their skills development while potentially providing businesses and nonprofits with valuable insights.â
In the final course project, Lenox invited students to undertake complete a strategic analysis of one of the partner organizations. More than 400 students completed analyses in partnership with 100 different organizations, including established businesses, startups, resource-strapped nonprofits and social enterprises. 78% of those students ended up participating directly with senior managers in the strategic decision-making of their organizations. Reporting on the second iteration of the MOOC, Lenox added, âHundreds of in-person study groups formed in over 50 countries. Students included young entrepreneurs and mature small business owners; non-profit organizers; a study group of Mongolia students led by a Peace Corps volunteer; a group of unemployed women in Ohio looking to improve their job prospects; a group of students ijn Bolivia led under a program from the U.S. State Department; and a group of Arab and Israeli students participating through the YaLa Young Leaders program building dÃ©tente through education.â
(2) Cathy Davidson of Duke University is now offering a Coursera MOOC on 'thehistory and future of higher education'. Davidson has been a national leader in pushing the x-MOOC format in creative directions. Because her MOOC has many thousands of students, the student group can take on projects not possible within a classroom context. In one project, her students are collectively creating a rich, multi-media trans-national timeline of higher education since 1800. Each student is contributing reports on significant historical events in higher education in their geographic locations - countries, states, municipalities. The students are learning historical research methods and skills in reporting historical events. Many higher education institutions previously neglected by historians of education, including those long closed, are in this way being entered for the first time in an accessible historical record. The student group is now collaborating on editing and coordinating the information and producing the final online product. 
One does not need to love either of these particular skill development efforts to recognize that they go way beyond auto-graded problem sets.
My point in the above remarks has been to show that academic critics of MOOCs have relied on a stick-figure caricature. Real MOOCs, even x-MOOCs, are diverse, and many MOOC leaders have addressed the didactic, discursive and heuristic dimensions of instruction in creative ways. The best MOOCs replace the âsage on the stageâ stalking head with presentations employing a ânew visual languageâ of instruction; they build in group experiences, whether physical or virtual, with opportunities for interpersonal student dialogue; they make project-based learning the centerpiece of the educational experience.
Of course, not all MOOCs do this. Some do, some donât. And that is precisely the point I am making. If we want to assess the pedagogical value of MOOCs, we will have to turn our attention to particular courses to see how they handle instructional tasks. The most important dimensions of instruction, the didactic, discursive and heuristic, provide useful pegs upon which to hang such particular evaluative judgments.
|Disloyalty and Destruction|
|Images of Egypt in Early Biblical Literature|
|The Transjordanian Palimpsest|
|The Hebrew Bible|
|Everyday Law in Biblical Israel|
|As melhores Bandas de ROCK de todos os tempos|
As melhores bandas de Rock de todos os tempos nÃ£o sÃ£o fÃ¡ceis de classificar e por isso esta nÃ£o Ã© uma classificaÃ§Ã£o e sim uma menÃ§Ã£o das bandas que com certeza estÃ£o no top das mais executadas, divulgadas e com milhÃµes de Ã¡lbuns e afins vendidos em todo mundo.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Fresh Cream, Disraeli Gears e Wheels of Fire. Antes que Blind Faith fosse um supergrupo musical, Cream jÃ¡ o era, atÃ© porque dois de seus integrantes pertenceram Ã s duas formaÃ§Ãµes. Eric Clapton foi um deles. Com apenas guitarra, baixo e bateria eles faziam seu Rock surreal soar como se a banda fosse muito maior. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: I Feel Free, SWLABR e Crossroads.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: A Divina ComÃ©dia e Jardim ElÃ©trico. A melhor e mais revolucionÃ¡ria banda brasileira tem sua porÃ§Ã£o de fÃ£s no paÃs e pelo mundo. Foi bastante revolucionÃ¡ria inclusive quando comparada a bandas internacionais. Rock psicodÃ©lico, samba de morro, batuque africano, ousadia, crÃtica e muito humor: isso Ã© Mutantes. Como bÃ´nus, Rita Lee quando jovem era linda. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: El Justiciero, Portugal De Navio, Meu Refrigerador NÃ£o Funciona e Minha Menina.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Back in Black e High Voltage. Desde os anos 70 sem perder o pique, AC/DC toca o mesmo Blues Rock e Hard Rock pelo qual ficou conhecida. Angus Young Ã© um show Ã parte, pelo vestuÃ¡rio e, principalmente, pela empolgaÃ§Ã£o e qualidade de sua guitarra. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: Itâs A Long Way To The Top, Let Me Put My Love Into You e Rock And Roll Ainât Noise Pollution.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Beggars Banquet, Exile On Main Street, Some Girls e Let It Bleed. Hoje pode nÃ£o ter a mesma importÃ¢ncia dos anos 60 e 70, no entanto seus Ã¡lbuns antigos continuam a soar Ã³timos como sempre. Uma banda cujo lema sempre foi âSexo, Drogas e Rock and Rollâ, com bastante Ãªnfase na segunda parte. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: Gimmie Shelter, You Canât Always Get What You Want e Miss You.
The Beach Boys
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Pet Sounds e Good Vibrations. O princÃpio Surf Rock da banda Ã© divertido, mas Brian Wilson a transformou em algo muito maior. Protagonizou, ao lado de The Beatles, talvez a disputa artÃstica mais benÃ©fica para a mÃºsica. Sem Beatles, nÃ£o haveria Pet Sounds; Sem Beach Boys, nÃ£o haveria Sgt. Pepperâs â simples assim. Ã deles a melhor e mais completa gravaÃ§Ã£o de Pop-Rock, com Good Vibrations (uma mini-Ã³pera, como Ã© descrita). SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: Good Vibrations, I Just Wasnât Made For These Times, God Only Knows e Wouldnât It Be Nice.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: The Dark Side of the Moon, Wish You Were Here e The Wall. ExperimentaÃ§Ã£o, tanto em matÃ©ria de composiÃ§Ã£o quanto de gravaÃ§Ã£o, Ã© uma das marcas registradas desta banda. Elevaram o Rock a ainda outro patamar, o que sÃ³ foi possÃvel graÃ§as ao gÃªnio e habilidade de seus mÃºsicos. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: The Great Gig In The Sky, Hey You e Shine On You Crazy Diamond (partes I e II).
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: A Night at the Opera e News of the World. Queen foi, atÃ© o falecimento de Freddie Mercury, uma banda extremamente performÃ¡tica e variada. Seus Ã¡lbuns sÃ£o marcados por uma fusÃ£o de Blues, Heavy Metal, Contry Rock, Pop e tudo o que se possa imaginar. Seus mÃºsicos estÃ£o entre os mais competentes e Mercury, dono de uma voz incrÃvel, popularizou a agora tÃpica imagem do vocalista-pianista. AlÃ©m disso, tem uma relaÃ§Ã£o muito estreita com o cinema. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: Get Down Make Love, I Want It All e Who Wants to Live Forever.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Rubber Soul, Sgt. Pepperâs Lonely Hearts Club Band e The Beatles. Os famosos quatro garotos de Liverpool podem nÃ£o ser tecnicamente tÃ£o expressivos quanto os mÃºsicos citados acima, mas ainda sÃ£o excelentes em seus estilos. Ajudaram a evoluir o Rock, tido antes como algazarra, em algo mais profundo e sofisticado. Eventualmente a disputa entre trÃªs grandes gÃªnios musicais (e com um Ringo meio chateado) pÃ´s um fim Ã banda mais famosa do mundo. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: While my guitar gently weeps, Everybodyâs got something to hide, Eleanor Rigby e Dig A Pony (do Ã¡lbum Let it Beâ¦ Naked).
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Blind Faith. A reuniÃ£o de mÃºsicos jÃ¡ consagrados como Eric Clapton (Yardbirds e Cream), Ginger Baker (Cream) e Steve Winwood (Spencer Davis Group e Traffic) resultou neste Ãºnico trabalho, o que faz de Blind Faith a melhor banda de um Ã¡lbum sÃ³ e uma das melhores em geral. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsica: Had To Cry Today.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Tommy e Whoâs Next. A guitarra e o teclado/piano/Ã³rgÃ£o de Pete Townshend Ã© um dos marcos do gÃªnero, mas o que chama mais a atenÃ§Ã£o mesmo Ã© a bateria de Keith Moon, indiscutivelmente um dos melhores na posiÃ§Ã£o. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: Behind Blue Eyes, Baba OâRiley e Pinball Wizard.
The Allman Brothers
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: Idlewild South e The Filmore Concerts. Em estÃºdio e ao vivo, sÃ£o poucos os mÃºsicos que conseguem chegar perto do nÃvel de excelÃªncia do guitarrista Duane Allman ou do vocalista Gregg Allman. O Contry Rock e o Blues Rock nÃ£o podem soar melhor do que isso. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: Whipping Post e Midnight Rider.
Ãlbuns que a consagraram: I, II, III, IV, Houses of The Holy e Phisycal Graffiti. Apesar de ser conhecida por alguns furtos autorais, Led Zeppelin Ã© uma das melhores reuniÃµes de mÃºsicos que jÃ¡ tocaram sobre este planeta. Destaque para a guitarra de Jimmy Page e os vocais sensuais de Robert Plant. SugestÃ£o de mÃºsicas: Babe Iâm Gonna Leave You e Since Iâve Been Loving You.
|Max Weber and the Sociology of Biblical Social Worlds|
|Penjelasan Narasi,Deskripsi,Eksposisi,Agrumentasi,Persuasif.!|| |
NarasiNarasiadalah salah satu jenis pengembangan paragraf dalam sebuah tulisan yang rangkaian peristiwa dari waktu ke waktu dijabarkan dengan urutan awal, tengah, dan akhir.
Jenis-jenis narasiNarasi informatif adalah narasi yang memiliki sasaran penyampaian informasi secara tepat tentang suatu peristiwa dengan tujuan memperluas pengetahuan orang tentang kisah seseorang.
Narasi ekspositorik adalah narasi yang memiliki sasaran penyampaian informasi secara tepat tentang suatu peristiwa dengan tujuan memperluas pengetahuan orang tentang kisah seseorang. Dalam narasi ekspositorik, penulis menceritakan suatu peristiwa berdasarkan data yang sebenarnya. Pelaku yang ditonjolkan biasanya, satu orang. Pelaku diceritakan mulai dari kecil sampai saat ini atau sampai terakhir dalam kehidupannya. Karangan narasi ini diwarnai oleh eksposisi, maka ketentuan eksposisi juga berlaku pada penulisan narasi ekspositprik. Ketentuan ini berkaitan dengan penggunaan bahasa yang logis, berdasarkan fakta yang ada, tidak memasukan unsursugestif atau bersifat objektif.
Narasi sugestif adalah narasi yang berusaha untuk memberikan suatu maksud tertentu, menyampaikan suatu amanat terselubung kepada para pembaca atau pendengar sehingga tampak seolah-olah melihat. Ketentuan ini berkaitan dengan penggunaan bahasa yang logis, berdasarkan fakta yang ada, tidak memasukan unsur sugestif atau bersifat objektif.
Narasi sugestif adalah narasi yang berusaha untuk memberikan suatu maksud tertentu, menyampaikan suatu amanat terselubung kepada para pembaca atau pendengar sehingga tampak seolah-olah melihat.
Ciri-ciri Karangan NarasiMenurut Keraf (2000:136)
TujuanTujuan menulis karangan narasi secara fundamental yaitu:
Langkah-langkah menulis karangan narasi
DESKRIPSIDeskripsiadalah upaya pengolahan data menjadi sesuatu yang dapat diutarakan secara jelas dan tepat dengan tujuan agar dapat dimengerti oleh orang yang tidak langsung mengalaminya sendiri
Dalam keilmuan, deskripsi diperlukan agar peneliti tidak melupakan pengalamannya dan agar pengalaman tersebut dapat dibandingkan dengan pengalaman peneliti lain, sehingga mudah untuk dilakukan pemeriksaan dan kontrol terhadap deskripsi tersebut. Pada umumnya deskripsi menegaskan sesuatu, seperti apa sesuatu itu kelihatannya, bagaimana bunyinya, bagaimana rasanya, dan sebagainya. Deskripsi yang detail diciptakan dan dipakai dalam disiplin ilmu sebagai istilah teknik.
Saat data yang dikumpulkan, deskripsi, analisis dan kesimpulannya lebih disajikan dalam angka-angka maka hal ini dinamakan penelitian kuantitatif. Sebaliknya, apabila data, deskripsi, dan analisis kesimpulannya disajikan dalam uraian kata-kata maka dinamakan penelitian kualitatif
tulisan deskripsi adalah tulisan yang bertujuan untuk menjelaskan sebuag objek secara terperinci tanpa adanya pengaruh pendapat pendapat pengarang di dalam deskripsi tsb (andy the gunnerz)
Karangan deskripsi memiliki ciri-ciri seperti:
Menggambarkan atau melukiskan sesuatu.
Penggambaran tersebut dilakukan sejelas-jelasnya dengan melibatkan kesan indera.
Membuat pembaca atau pendengar merasakan sendiri atau mengalami sendiri.
Langkah menyusun deskripsi:
1.Tentukan objek atau tema yang akan dideskripsikan.
3.Mengumpulkan data dengan mengamati objek yang akan dideskripsikan.
4.Menyusun data tersebut ke dalam urutan yang baik (menyusun kerangka karangan).
5.Menguraikan kerangka karangan menjadi dekripsi yang sesuai dengan tema yang ditentukan.
EksposisiEksposisi adalah salah satu jenis pengembangan paragraf dalam penulisan yang dimana isinya ditulis dengan tujuan untuk menjelaskan atau memberikan pengertian dengan gaya penulisan yang singkat, akurat, dan padat.
Contoh-contoh tulisan eksposisi adalah berita di koran dan petunjuk penggunaan.
Contoh Wacana EksposisiJatuhnya pesawat berkapasitas 266 penumpang airbus A300- 600 merupakan peristiwa kedua bagi American Airlines beberapa detik lepas landas dari bandar udara internasional OâHare Chicago, tiba-tiba mesin kiri lepas dari dudukannya. Pilot tidak bisa mengendalikan pesawat akibat keseimbangan pesawat mendadak berubah dengan jatuhnya mesin berbobot sekitar 5 ton. Pesawat mendarat dan menghujam tempat parkir kendaraan 31 detik kemudian dan 271 penumpang plus awak tewas seketika. Kecelakaan lain menyangkut mesin copot dialami oleh pesawat kargo El-Al milik flag carier Israel, 4 Oktober 1992. Mesin nomor empat atau yang paling ujung pada sayap kanan, tiba-tiba lepas akibat dua fuse-pin (baut kedudukan mesin) lepas. Disusul kemudian oleh mesin nomor tiga. Mendadak kehilangan dua mesin, pilot tidak dapat mengendalikan pesawat dan menabrak gedung bertingkat di Amsterdam, Belanda. Empat awak tewas berikut 47 penghuni flat yang ditabrak.
Poin-poin penting dalam paragraf/karangan eksposisiContoh topik:
Argumentasi adalah salah satu jenis pengembangan paragraf dalam penulisan yang ditulis dengan tujuan untuk meyakinkan atau membujuk] pembaca. Dalam penulisan argumentasi isi dapat berupa penjelasan, pembuktian, alasan, maupun ulasan obyektif dimana disertakan contoh, analogi, dan sebab akibat.
Tujuannya adalah agar pembaca yakin bahwa ide, gagasan, atau pendapat tersebut adalah benar dan terbukti.
Menurut Iskandar, sudah saatnya masyarakat mengubah paradigma agar lulusan SMP tidak latah masuk SMA. Kalau memang lebih berbakat pada jalur profesi sebaiknya memilih SMK. Dia mengingatkan sejumlah risiko bagi lulusan SMP yang sembarangan melanjutkan sekolah. Misalnya, lulusan SMP yang tidak mempunyai potensi bakat-minat ke jalur akademik sampai perguruan tinggi, tetapi memaksakan diri masuk SMA, dia tidak akan lulus UAN karena sulit mengikuti pelajaran di SMA. Tanpa lulus UAN mustahil bisa sampai perguruan tinggi. Pada akhirnya mereka akan menjadi pengangguran karena pelajaran di SMA tidak memberi bekal untuk bekerja. 
Kesimpulan dari paragraf tersebut ialah memilih SMA tanpa pertimbangan yang matang hanya akan menambah pengangguran.
Dilihat dari struktur informasinya, dalam paragraf argumentasi akan ditemukan:
Menjelaskan pendapat agar pembaca yakin.
Memerlukan fakta untuk pembuktian berupa gambar/grafik, dan lain-lain.
Menggali sumber ide dari pengamatan, pengalaman, dan penelitian.
Penutup berisi kesimpulan.
Paragraf Persuasi adalah jenis paragraf yang mengungkapkan ide, gagasan, atau
pendapat penulis dengan disertai dengan bukti dan fakta (benar-benar terjadi).
Tujuannya adalah agar pembaca yakin bahwa ide, gagasan, atau pendapat
tersebut adalah benar dan terbukti dan juga melaksanakan apa yang menjadi
ajakan dari ide tersebut.
Paragraf persuasi memang memiliki banyak kesamaan dengan paragraf
argumentasi, bedanya paragraf persuasi lebih cenderung menjadi sebuah
Ciri-ciri komunikasi Persuasif:
Persuasi berasal dari pendirian bahwa pikiran manusia dapat diubah.
Harus menimbulkan kepercayaan para pembacanya.
Persuasi harus dapat menciptakan kesepakatan atau penyesuaian melalui
kepercayaan antara penulis dengan pembaca.
Persuasi sedapat mungkin menghindari konflik agar kepercayaan tidak
hilang dan supaya kesepakatan pendapatnya tercapai.
Persuasi memerlukan fakta dan data.
|Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah|
|Joel & Amos|
|From Law to Prophecy|
|Origins of Biblical Israel|
|Philosophy and Practice in Writing a History of Ancient Israel|
|Scribal Culture and the Making of the Hebrew Bible|
|Old Testament Prophets for Today|
|Family in Life and in Death: The Family in Ancient Israel: Sociological and Archaeological Perspectives|
|The Parting of the Sea|
|The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree||A new MP3 sermon from Bible Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree
Subtitle: Parable Series
Speaker: Pastor Robert J. Sargent
Broadcaster: Bible Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Luke 13:6-9
Length: 46 min. (16kbps)
Overview: This 12th message in a series on the parables focuses on God's Longsuffering and Severity, as they give witness to His Love and Holiness. This prophetic parable of Israel provides great application to the individual soul.
|Yemenite Shofar – Kudu Horns|
Shofars are available through Voice of God Shofars! Through a special arrangement with a craftsman in Israel, we have a limited number of shofars to make available to you. These are high quality Yemenite shofars usually pitched in "E" or "F" and have been personally inspected and play tested by Don. These shofars have been prayed over and anointed for service to the kingdom by Don and Sue Heist. These are rare high quality horns intended to be used to further the Kingdom of God.
You may also order your Shofar with a Personalized Embroidered carry Bag.
|The Presumptuous Nation||A new MP3 sermon from Bible Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: The Presumptuous Nation
Speaker: Pastor Jeremiah J. Sargent
Broadcaster: Bible Baptist Church
Event: Sunday - AM
Bible: Ezekiel 12:21-28
Length: 57 min. (16kbps)
Overview: 'The Days are prolonged, and every vision faileth-' In the midst of national tragedy, Israel presumed that God's blessing would be upon them. This message parallels Israel's history with the state of our nation today.
|EU funds firm supplying Israel with banned cluster weapons|
Brussels bureaucrats shrug their shoulders as Israel seeks to evade weapons ban.
|Mahmoud Abbas decrees sweeping internet speech restrictions|
Israeli minister facing difficulties in effort to shut down Al Jazeera.
|Elizabeth Warren opposes Israel Anti-Boycott Act|
Senator says bill would violate free speech rights.
|Israel revokes citizenship of Palestinian for disloyalty|
Draconian and discriminatory punishment was not even applied to Jewish assassin of Yitzhak Rabin.
|Australian foreign ministry disavows diplomats' ties to Israeli group|
Ambassadors ask for names to be removed from NGO Monitor’s website.
|IT disruption panics Gazaâs new Internet entrepreneurs||Generators for phone company held up by Israel, and more disruption could harm online economy.|
|EU removes video featuring Israeli genocide advocate|
Brussels bureaucrats heard indignation over incitement targeting Palestinians.
|"Fuck it, wipe out Gaza," says spokesman for new EU campaign||Avishai Ivri is the face of EU promotional campaign to win favor of Israelis.|
|Senator Gillibrand pulls support for Israel Anti-Boycott Act|
Rare move follows major mobilization by Palestinian rights movement.
|Surge in Israeli attacks on journalists|
Israeli minister says his country identifies with Saudi Arabia and other âmoderates.â
|Christians urged to heed call for "costly solidarity" with Palestine|
Church-based activism confronting Israel’s abuses is growing.
|Video: Israeli soldier shoots, beats fleeing teen|
West Bank boy suffered serious head injuries in attack by occupation forces.
|Insurance giant AXA urged to end support for Israeli war crimes|
French firm holds shares in Israeli arms firm and banks that finance settlements.
|G4S complicit in Israel's attempt to take over al-Aqsa|
Palestinians urge activists to step up focus on security firm.
|Ebola in Boston Dismissed by Health Officials|
A suspected Ebola patient in Boston was cleared this week as fears of the disease have begun to rise in the U.S. Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center officials told The Boston Globe on Tuesday that the patient does not have ... Read More
|BANG BANG: Adam Hartzell||[BANG BANG is our week-long look back at 20!!, or "Twenty-bang-bang," or 2011, with contributions from all over aiming to cover all sorts of enthusiasms from film to music to words and beyond.]|
by Adam Hartzell
I spend most of my time watching movies out of sync with my time and place. Since I prefer cinema from elsewhere, only one U.S. film makes my Top Ten, though it does make the top spot. Work and financial constraints keep me from traveling abroad for film festival premieres, which means I have to wait until they make it here to San Francisco. So my Top Ten lists usually say something about my cosmopolitan dreams that are anchored awake by my restricted finances and mobility. But here are 10 films which were released this year, or made their way to Bay Area festivals in 2011, about which I have found myself still ruminating in a positive way since they shined their light and heat on my eyes.
10. Passion (Khusel Shunal) (Byamba Sakhya, 2010, Mongolia) I knew nothing about Mongolian cinema until this documentary about said cinema, told through a lonely road movie, found its way into the program of this year's San Francisco Asian American International Film Festival. Now I want to know more, which is ironic since the film presents a pessimistic view of Mongolian cinema's future. But it's at least caught the fascination of one viewer even more isolated from this nation's cinema than the Mongolian residents portrayed in the documentary.
9. AurÃ©lie Laflamme's Diary (Christian Laurence, 2010, Canada) A French language film from Quebec that was part of the NY/SF International Children's Film Festival that ran from October 21-23 at Viz Cinema, it ended up winning an audience award. I would have voted for it as well, had I seen it in the theater along with that awarding audience rather than on DVD for an sf360.org overview I wrote on the festival. It's a teen film that doesn't have to throw an American-Pie in our faces thinking that will entertain the kids and kidults. Marianne Verville is a refreshing presence in the lead role, allowed to be awkward in what is an awkward time of our lives. Plus, although she gets the boy the genre demands, she isn't swan-ed away from her duckling beginnings.
8. The Trip (Michael Winterbottom, 2011, United Kingdom) I am still laughing about the scene where Steve Coogan and Rob Brydon are riffing on announcing the inexact time of an ancient battle. Adding to this comedic pleasure was that I got to laugh at this scene along with a friend I hadnât seen in some time whom I randomly ran into in the lobby of The Bridge theatre before the screening. It was a nice day in the Richmond neighborhood thanks to the run-ins such local establishments afford.
7. Oki's Movie (Hong Sang-soo, 2010, South Korea) I got to see three of my favorite directorâs films for the first time this year. (The others were Ha Ha Ha on DVD because I couldn't make the screenings at the San Francisco International Film Festival and The Day He Arrives on screen at the Starz Denver Film Festival in mid-November with the proprietor of the Coffee, Coffee and More Coffee blog, Peter Nellhaus.) Thanks to the Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, I was able to watch Oki's Movie in the theatre in late June after having already seen it on DVD to prepare a piece for sf360. I'm biased in that I always find something to ruminate on endlessly in a Hong film (even with my least favorite, Woman Is the Future of Man). But Oki's Movie seems to have won over those who haven't been fans of his work. I think a big reason is the auditioning of men in Oki's movie nested within "Oki's Movie" that Andrew Tracy expertly analyzes in the Fall 2010 issue of Cinema Scope magazine.
6. The Topp Twins: Untouchable Girls (Leanne Pooley, 2009, New Zealand) Finally getting the theatre release it deserved, The Topp Twins graced our local screens outside of the film festivals that started the momentum (Frameline in 2010 and Mostly British in 2011). I own the DVD and saw the film in the theatre three times, once each at those festivals and once in Berkeley at Shattuck Cinemas with my cousin when it was released. Even after all these screenings, I'm still moved by how much major moments of the lives of these yodeling, country singing lesbian twins are tied up with major political successes in New Zealand history. I am still giddy about getting to meet them for an interview for sf360, the most nervous I have ever been for an interview.
5. Poetry (Lee Chang-dong, 2010, South Korea) Poetry definitively represents what I have been appreciating lately about South Korean cinema - how much it has opened up cinematic space for its senior actresses. Yun Jung-hee came out of retirement for this virtuoso performance of Lee Chang-dong's as he continues to explore the life of the outsider in South Korea. During my first draft of this brief commentary on Poetry, I went into a rant about how, if there failed to be a Best Actress nom nod to Yun, the Oscars would continue to be irrelevant in my cinematic life. But after writing that draft, I went to talk with Brian Darr of Hell on Frisco Bay blog and he informed me the Los Angeles Critic Circle gave Yun their Best Actress award. As a result, I put my seething rage at the Oscars as a failed institution back into its cage to be unleashed some other day.
4. The Salesman (SÃ©bastian Pilote, 2011, Canada) I am someone upon whom car commercials fail to make the intended impact. I don't desire the products they advertise. And I don't buy into the false sense of freedom the commercials purport to symbolize. (The streets are usually much more crowded than as portrayed in the commercials and buying a car shackles you with debt, high gas prices, and vast acres of asphalt requirements for roads and parking.) That said, I'm primed to appreciate the tragedy in The Salesman, a perfect example of a genre I'm calling 'Post Peak Oil Cinema', where the life of a successful car salesman is turned on its head by the very products he sells so successfully. The Salesman is a sad, sad film that doesn't pummel you but rather slowly piles upon you like the snow that surrounds this little Quebec town.
3. The Life of Fish (MatÃas Bize, 2010, Chile) My wife and I caught this film during our yearly Caltrain trip to Cinequest in San Jose because it fit with our schedule and it's one of those happy accident, eeny-meeny-miney-mo(e)ments where you select a film with no real sense of what you are getting yourself into and you realize the programmers have made an excellent choice for you. In this film, we travel through a party held in a single house as our main character relives his younger self through his memories and those of others. Simple, poignant, and delightful.
2. Nostalgia for the Light (Patrico GuzmÃ¡n, 2010, France/Chile/Germany) This was a truly amazing film I saw in the Dolby screening room as part of the press screenings for the San Francisco International Film Festival this year. GuzmÃ¡nâs pairing of professional astronomers with amateur archaeologists works on so many levels. Even though the archaeologists are searching for the remains of family members killed by their own government, somehow, in spite of all this, GuzmÃ¡n leaves us with tremendous hope for humanity.
1. Deaf Jam (Judy Lieff, 2011, USA) I have not had the experience with a film for a long time like I had with Lieffâs documentary about high school Deaf poets venturing out into the venues of a (hearing) poetry slam. Cinema transfixed me again at the Mill Valley Film Festival like it did the first time I could not stopping about the impact a film had on me. Lieff captures the vibrancy of American Sign Language through several tactics of translation. Her willingness to mess with the text of subtitling the poems in the opening sequence is mesmerizing. At the same time, she even took the risk not to translate the ASL later in the film and it is just as powerful sans subtitles. Mixed in with this story of the life of young Deaf folk is a story about the struggles of immigrant children whose parentsâ citizenship comes after they enter adulthood and a friendship between a young Israeli Jew and Palestinian Muslim. Lieff and the subjects of her documentary show us how ASL is as perfect a language of cinema as any other, leaving you hoping Lieff and the students she films donât stop here. We need these stories. We need this kind of active, engaged cinema.
Adam Hartzell is totally bummed that sf360.org is no longer publishing because he had a blast writing for them for three years. He continues to write for Brian Darr's San Francisco film blog, Hell on Frisco Bay, and the premier English language website on South Korean cinema, Koreanfilm.org. He began this year as a guest on an episode of the VCinema podcast where he discussed the original version and the recent re-visioning of the South Korean classic The Housemaid (MP3). He has had a few magazine pieces in Kyoto Journal, a chapter on The Power of Kangwon Province for The Cinema of Japan and Korea (Wallflower Press), and next year he will have a bunch of essays in the upcoming publication of World Directory of Cinema: Korea (Intellect, Ltd.).
|Creating A 12 To 24-Month Policy Bridge For A New Afghanistan Strategy|
Retired Colonel, U.S. Army Reserve
3:52 PM 08/04/2017
Up until now his advisors have offered President Trump two choices for failure in Afghanistan, one quick, withdrawal, and one slow, a continuation of the failed strategy of the last sixteen years.
By now it should be apparent to all knowledgeable people that U.S. objectives cannot be achieved in land-locked Afghanistan where Pakistan, whose Afghanistan objectives differ from ours, controls the supply of our troops and the battle tempo through its support of the Taliban and Haqqani network.
An alternative is to provide the President with a 12 to 24-month plan that bridges the gap between the present untenable strategy to a longer term solution.
That is, rather than tweak the current strategy, begin to address the core problem, a strategic environment that has made success of the current strategy impossible.
Within the next two years, the Trump Administration should formulate a strategy that exploits Pakistan’s pain points, one which carves out roles for the Department of Defense, Department of State and Congress.
While preventing a further deterioration in the security situation in Afghanistan, different permutations and degrees of the following actions should be pursued, both as short term leverage against Pakistan and, ideally, to create a regional strategic environment more conducive to U.S. interests. That is, it is not the Taliban and the Haqqani network that need to be brought to the negotiating table, but Pakistan.
Foreign aid to Pakistan – reduce it to a trickle. Even Pakistan’s former ambassador to the United States says that a tougher approach needs to be adopted toward his country: “The Bush administration gave Pakistan $12.4 billion in aid, and the Obama administration forked over $21 billion. These incentives did not make Pakistan more amenable to cutting off support for the Afghan Taliban.”Major Non-NATO Ally (MNNA) status – cancel all or part of it. As a MNNA country, approved by President George W. Bush in 2004, Pakistan became “eligible for priority delivery of defense material, an expedited arms sale process, and a U.S. loan guarantee program, which backs up loans issued by private banks to finance arms exports. It can also stockpile U.S. military hardware, participate in defense research and development programs, and be sold more sophisticated weaponry.”Declaration of Pakistan as a state sponsor of terrorism – advance the House bill through Congress. On September 20, 2016, Congressman Ted Poe (TX-02), the Chairman of the House Subcommittee on Terrorism, along with Congressman Dana Rohrabacher (CA-48), introduced H.R.6069, the Pakistan State Sponsor of Terrorism Designation Act. According to Chairman Poe: “Not only is Pakistan an untrustworthy ally, Islamabad has also aided and abetted enemies of the United States for years. From harboring Osama bin Laden to its cozy relationship with the Haqqani network, there is more than enough evidence to determine whose side Pakistan is on in the War on Terror.”Durand Line – Pakistan depends on it – question its legitimacy. The Durand Line is the arbitrary 1896 border drawn between Afghanistan and Pakistan by British Diplomat Sir Mortimer Durand. Pashtun lands have been artificially divided and Pakistan is using its Pashtun population as Taliban cannon fodder.China-Pakistan Economic Corridor – undermine it. Pakistan has significant economic incentive to exclude western countries from maintaining any influence in Afghanistan. It is called the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which is part of China’s larger Belt and Road Initiative that aims to connect Asia through land-based and maritime economic zones. CPEC is an infrastructure project, the backbone of which is a transportation network connecting China to the Pakistani seaports of Gwadar and Karachi located on the Arabian Sea. Gwadar is a potential Chinese naval base at the mouth of the Persian Gulf, which will complement another Chinese naval base in Djibouti at the mouth of the Red Sea creating two critical strategic choke points.Ethnic separatism – encourage it – Pakistan is the Yugoslavia of South Asia. Probably the greatest of all potential Pakistani pain points is ethnic separatism. Pakistan was founded on the religion of Islam and is composed primarily of five ethnic groups that never coexisted, the Bengalis, Punjabis, Pashtuns, Sindhis and Baloch. Pakistan’s Islamic nationalism program was specifically designed to suppress ethnic separatism, an effort that eventually led to the proliferation of Islamic terrorist groups within its borders and their use as instruments of Pakistan’s foreign policy. Exploitation of ethnic separatism within Pakistan, such as in Balochistan, remains an option. That is, fight an insurgency with an insurgency.
A longer term solution for Afghanistan was described previously in the Daily Caller, one based on counterterrorism rather than counterinsurgency, providing a cost-effective, flexible and “conditions-based” strategy advocated by retired U.S. Army Major General Paul Vallely in a Diana West article.
“Such a strategy, Vallely explained, relies on ‘the maximum use of unconventional forces,’ such as Navy SEALS and other special forces, who can be deployed as needed from what are known in military parlance as ‘lily pads’ — outposts or jumping-off points in friendly countries (Israel, Northern Kurdistan, India, Philippines, Italy, Djibouti … ) and from U.S. aircraft carrier strike groups. Such strike groups generally include eight to 10 vessels ‘with more fire power,’ the general noted, ‘than most nations.’ These lily pads become ‘bases we can launch from any time we want to,’ eliminating the need for massive land bases such as Bagram Air Base in Afghanistan, by now a small city of 20,000 American personnel who continuously need to be supplied and secured at enormous expense.”
In terms of Afghanistan strategy, it is time to build a bridge to somewhere.
Lawrence Sellin, Ph.D. is a retired US Army Reserve colonel, an IT command and control subject matter expert, trained in Arabic and Kurdish, and a veteran of Afghanistan, northern Iraq and a humanitarian mission to West Africa. He receives email at email@example.com.
|Peace Through Conspiracy||Below is the content of a letter I have just posted to my Member of Parliament. |
I am writing with reference to the Counter extremism, Home affairs committee's interview of Fazal Dad, Senior Imam, Abu Bakr Mosque, Bradford, on 12th January.
So to the questions...
Have western leaders been too lazy to be offended by the contents themselves, relying solely on "trusted" Islamic advisers? Or is there a great conspiracy, spread far and wide, to conceal the absence of a message of peace in this "message of peace"?
And, if that is the case, how can any intelligent human become convinced that peace via conspiracy is achievable?
Is it just me, or does it sound like a perfect recipe for conflict and civil war to anyone else?
Please leave a comment - Anything will do
The best communications are often,
THREE WORDS OR LESS
OR ONE OR MORE FINGERS!
|We should always boycott apartheid||My piece for Al-Ahram: http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/107101.aspx?fb_action_ids=10103320208377603&fb_action_types=og.recommends Ordinary people throughout the world must press harder and harder for a movement for Boycott, Divest and Sanctions against Israel Snehal Shingavi , Saturday 26 Jul 2014 The most recent events in Gaza have shocked the conscience of the world so deeply that we have seen the largest pro-Palestinian demonstrations … Continue reading |
|Faculty letter in support of divestment from Israel at University of Washington||April 14, 2014 To whom it may concern: We, the undersigned faculty from universities around the country, salute and commend the efforts of Students United for Palestinian Equal Rights at the University of Washington, Seattle, to get the UW Student Senate to pass a measured and thoughtful motion to divest from corporations that profit from … Continue reading |
|Israel âwipes outâ Gaza ice cream factory that stored vital medicines||
2 August 2014
Essential medicines the factory was storing for the Palestinian Red Crescent Society were destroyed along with the life’s work of the family that built and ran the facility.
|Siege leaves 80 percent of Gaza's factories shut||
10 September 2012
Most of Gaza’s industrial factories have closed and remained shut since Israel sealed the borders and devastated the export economy beginning in 2006.
|lockpicking Israeli locks|| - youtube : lockpicking Israeli locks|
|LargadÃ£o - Israel e Rodolffo||LargadÃ£o - Israel e Rodolffo. Ritmo: Pagode|
|Comment on Masjid Al-Aqsaâs Friday prayer cancelled by Israel security force, first time in 17 years by First adhan called in Masjid al-Aqsa after Israeli forces reopened it, but with more prison-like security measures as tensions continue â Muslim Council of Hong Kong||[…] Masjid Al-Aqsa’s Friday prayer cancelled by Israel security force, first time in 17 years […]|
|Israelâs Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Unveils Drone Detection and Neutralization System|
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can accomplish plenty of great things. But just the same, the technology can and has been...
The post Israel’s Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Unveils Drone Detection and Neutralization System appeared first on Inside Unmanned Systems.
|Israelâs Getting a New Wall, This One With a Twist||The military is building an underground barrier around the Gaza Strip, designed to cut off tunnels beneath the Israeli border and thwart Hamas.|
|Iran Bans Two Soccer Stars for Playing Against Israelis||Masoud Shojaei, the national team captain, and Ehsan Haji Safi, a key member of Iranâs World Cup-bound team, played with their club team in Greece against an Israeli team.|
|Netanyahu Accuses âthe Leftâ and the Media of Trying to Oust Him||Facing graft investigations, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel told supporters that he was the victim of a âwitch hunt.â|
|As Investigations Intensify, Israel Imagines Life After Netanyahu||As an ex-aide turns stateâs witness, Israelis across the spectrum are trying on the idea of the curtain coming down on Mr. Netanyahuâs career.|
|Jordanâs King, Spurred by Jerusalem Mosque Crisis, Meets With Palestinian Leader||The visit sent a message to Jordanians angry over the heroâs welcome given to an Israeli Embassy guard who fatally shot two Jordanians in Amman.|
|As Netanyahu Investigators Close In, Some Ask: How Long Can He Hold On?||The Israeli police signed a stateâs witness agreement with an old ally of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahuâs in a bribery case. And then thereâs his son.|
|Designer Shoes or Art?|
Too much fun not to share........
Kobi Levi, Israeli Shoe Designer
Visit his blog for all of his designs....
Kobi graduated from Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem in 2001.
He specialized in footwear design and development. He is a freelance designer.He has designed commercial footwear in Italy, China and Brazil.
Kobi Levi: "When I design a shoe I think about it as a sculpture to wear, an art piece you live with."
*quote (first sentence) taken from The Virtue Shoe Museum website, at vitualshoemuseum.com
A very good friend of mine had sent me an email regarding Kobi Levi's Designer Shoes....these amazing shoes got me wondering about the designer. So...I googled him and "wa-lah" found his blog site. HENCE, MY ARTICLE TODAY!
Thanks Debbie T. for the idea! The shoe below is "for you" dear friend...
All photos were taken from his blog site (listed above) or Google images
Amazing design & concept....Enjoy
Who hasn't stepped in GUM?
Target practice anyone? the guys will love these!
And the ones below!!!
Ooh La La....
From the Bird collection; Toucan
Madonna Inspired; Blond Ambition
The famous Miss Olive Oyl
From the Bird Collection; Duck
The Mother/Daughter Shoe
The Chinese Design
Amazing Shoe Designs
Check out his blog site today!
Shoes & Art with Amazing Style....
|GE pumped for Israeli hydro||Turnkey contract for 344MW Kokhav Hayarden plant|
|Een eiland voor Gaza||Minister Israel Katz wil graag dat er een eiland komt voor Gaza. Palestijnen moeten dat straks gebruiken voor handel en industrie. Maar zullen er investeerders worden gevonden? Dat IsraÃ«l de laatste jaren grote stappen vooruit maakt op het gebied van de aanleg van nieuwe en moderne autowegen, spoorlijnen, tramlijnen en havens is voor een groot […]|
|Don't Let Your Enemies Count Their Chickens Before Their Hatched!|
I love this story â 1 Kings 20:1-30 â Benhadad the king of Syria sent a message to the king of Israel and said this, âDeliver to me your silver and your gold, your wives and your children.â In other words, âHand it all over â game over â Iâm calling the shots.â Ahab the king of Israel calls in the elders and asks their advice. Finally King Ahab makes this retort to Benhadad, âLet not him who straps on his armor boast himself as he who takes it off.â There are a lot of dynamics going on in this chapter but I want to just focus on King Ahabâs reply to Benhadad: âLet not him who straps on his armor boast himself as he who takes it off.â What is he actually saying? King Ahab is saying âjust because someone makes threats (i.e. straps on his armor) â this isnât synonymous with winning the victory (i.e. taking his armor off).â Wow!
Now for the practical application â how is your enemy threatening you? Is it a person, institution, thought, emotional issue, physiological issue, or spiritual issue? What are these things/people telling you? Is a co-worker or employer telling you that youâll never succeed at climbing the corporate ladder? Have teachers, aunts, uncles, parents, cousins, or other authority figures expressed doubt in your personal abilities? Have emotional and/or physical scars from past or present abuse hindered you from feeling like a ânormal human being?â Have these scars lied to you and told you that youâll never be the person that you wanted or dreamed of because of these ghosts of your past? This list can continue on indefinitely â hopefully by this time you can connect the dots yourself to the people or things that are threatening you â and furthermore, declaring a victory against you that doesnât have to be guaranteed.
Itâs not a surprise that the âdevilâ is referred to biblically as the âaccuser of the brethren.â Constantly trying to devalue us within our own minds and lives â this is the psychological warfare the devil revels in â and how many times do we listen attentively! A person once expressed their frustration with how every time they tried getting their life âstraightened outâ all hell would break loose. I told them I was extremely encouraged by this! Since when, does an enemy fight against something (or someone) who is not a threat! Only dead fish go with the flow â but for those trying to get somewhere, the adversity of the current will bombard them every step of the way.
To summarize, donât allow these âthreatsâ from various people, thoughts, experiences, traumas, etc. tell you that youâve been conquered â when the fact is that victory is still in your hands. King Ahab went on to be victorious against the onslaught of Benhadad. Why? Because Ahab refused to listen to the intimidation and threats of an enemy and rather trusted in Godâs word. âFor I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the LORD, thoughts of peace, and not of evil, to give you a future and a hopeâ (Jeremiah 29:11). Fight on!
|The Wilderness made Habitable||The Wilderness made Habitable|
âAnd he was in the wilderness until his public appearanceâ¦â (Luke 1:80) Talk about a scripture completely saturated with hope! Why? Letâs look at the definition of wilderness first. A âwildernessâ by definition is an uncultivated and seemingly uninhabitable area â a wasteland. With this definition clear in our minds the question is posed: Have you ever felt this same way in your own life? Have you ever felt that your life (i.e. health, mind, body, soul) was situated in an uninhabitable wasteland? If you have - youâre not alone. I was sharing a few Sundays ago with our congregation about the numerous âwildernessâ experiences that great men and women often went through in biblical times and the subsequent victories that can ensue. A few examples: Abraham waited twenty-five years âin the wildernessâ before seeing the fulfillment of Godâs promise to make of him a âgreat nationâ (i.e. The nation of Israel). Moses wandered in the wilderness over forty-years before being called back to lead the âgreat exodusâ of Israel. John the Baptist (New Testament â Luke 1:80) lived (and waited) in the wilderness for over twenty-five years before beginning his great ministry of âpreparing the wayâ for Jesus.
In our âinstant gratificationâ society we usually expect answers and results to be instantaneous â especially when pertaining to our lifeâs situations. But this is usually not the case. Instead we find ourselves waiting on Godâs time-table all the time wondering if he has abandoned us in our âuninhabitable placeâ (or âwildernessâ). Fortunately, as we go through history (both biblical & secular) we see that many great men and women suffered through great times of anxiousness and anxiety before seeing the fulfillment of their hearts desires and dreams. Consequently, we must press through and hold-fast to Godâs unchanging character of faithfulness and fully believe that the honorable desires and dreams of our heart were placed there caringly by Him and He will help them be brought to fruition! Furthermore in the Bible God constantly reminds us of His consistent ability to âsympathizeâ with our weaknesses, struggles, and doubts - consequently we should except this God-given understanding while sincerely pressing forward into His promises. Jewish scholars used to state (and still do) that, âThe Fatherhood of God is synonymous with His love for human family. Every creature is living proof that the Father of all is a God of love.â (Everymanâs Talmud, Abraham Cohen) God will lovingly sympathize with our weaknesses when we sincerely desire to trust Him through âwildernessâ times. But we must be sincere and hold fully to His unchangeable attribute of complete and utter faithfulness towards His children. My friend, your wilderness experience and the subsequent outcome is in your hands. I have full confidence that you will continue to hold-fast to your faith in God and subsequently be delivered into your heartâs greatest desires and dreams. God truly is faithful through the âuninhabitableâ places â continue to hold to Him!
|What to do with a problem like the Arab Israeli conflict?||Prompted byÂ my friend Joe’s recent post of an article from The Economist on Facebook and a subsequent comment which was very much sympathetic to the Israeli point of view, I found myself writing this stricture in reply. I thinkÂ one of the biggest issues people have particularly with Israel waging war on others, is a feeling […]|
|Israeli Groups Start a Culture Project Against Rape and Harassment||Over the past few months, Israelis have watched a blur of famous, powerful men get brought down by accusations of rape and sexual harassment, which, in Israel, is a criminal offense. |
|In Search Of The Virtuous Woman Pt. 1||A new MP3 sermon from North Avenue Baptist Church is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:|
Title: In Search Of The Virtuous Woman Pt. 1
Speaker: Rev. Paul Cady
Broadcaster: North Avenue Baptist Church
Event: Sunday Service
Bible: Hosea 4
Length: 45 min. (64kbps)
Overview: What is the nature of Proverbs 31 - According to Hosea 4, how important is virtue to the survival of a culture - What does America prize in its women today - What role did women play in the downfall of ancient Israel - What does this say about our own nation's future -
|Donald Trump Told The Russians Israel Was Able To Hack ISIS Computers|
Donald Trump leaked a classified Intel about ISIS to the Russians when Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Russian Ambassador Sergei Kislyakvisited visited the White House. According to New York times, Donald Trump told the Russians some classified information that was obtained by Israel after it hacked into a ISIS cell of bombmakers based in Syria.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â
According to a U.S official, the Intel that was gathered allowed the U.S to learn that ISISÂ was working on explosives that could fool airport security by passing as a laptop battery. The information prompted a ban of laptops from all Muslim countries coming to the United States and Britain.
The information was classified, and was shared by Israel to the United States, and was not supposed to be shared around, but Donald Trump leaked this information when the Russian diplomats came to the White House, which could then be leaked to Iran.
There has been close working relationship between the U.S and Israeli intelligence agencies, allowing for sharing of information,Â including the disclosure of sources and methods. The cooperation had yielded great result including the disruption of Iran nuclear program.
The American officials under former President Obama warned the Israeli intelligence to be careful of the information they shared with Donald Trump.
|Israeli government blamed for surge in racist attacks||
14 October 2011
Netanyahu has condemned attacks on mosques and cemeteries by Israeli extremists but his government is facilitating such violence.
|El OVNI de Ezequiel||Y Ezequiel vio la rueda.|
A ciertas personas se les ocurren las teorÃas mÃ¡s dispares, por ejemplo que la humanidad desciende de extraterrestres o que la humanidad fuÃ© visitada en tiempos antiguos por seres de otros mundos hacen todo lo posible por intentar cuadrar sus historias y hacerlas pasar por reales.
AsÃ, en su afÃ¡n de buscar OVNIS, los encuentran en los sitios mÃ¡s insospechados, por ejemplo en la Biblia.
Dentro de este libro, es famosa la cita al profeta Ezequiel, que segÃºn ellos, narra el descenso de varias naves extraterrestres.
Veamos como no es cierto que en ese libro se describan naves extraterrestres.
Citando el principio del libro de Ezequiel:
1 SucediÃ³ en el quinto dÃa del mes cuarto del aÃ±o 30, estando yo en medio de los cautivos, junto al rÃo Quebar, que fueron abiertos los cielos, y vi visiones de Dios. 2 En el quinto dÃa del mes (en el quinto aÃ±o de la cautividad del rey JoaquÃn), 3 vino la palabra de Jehovah al sacerdote Ezequiel hijo de Bussi, en la tierra de los caldeos, junto al rÃo Quebar. AllÃ vino sobre mÃ la mano de Jehovah.
VisiÃ³n de la gloria de Dios
4 MirÃ©, y he aquÃ que venÃa del norte un viento huracanado y una gran nube con un fuego centelleante y un resplandor en torno de ella. En su interior habÃa algo como metal resplandeciente, en medio del fuego. 5 De su interior aparecÃa una forma de cuatro seres vivientes. El aspecto de ellos tenÃa la forma de hombre, 6 pero cada uno tenÃa cuatro caras y cuatro alas. 7 Sus piernas eran rectas, y sus pezuÃ±as eran como pezuÃ±as de becerro que centelleaban como bronce bruÃ±ido. 8 Debajo de sus alas, a sus cuatro lados, tenÃan manos de hombre. Los cuatro tenÃan sus caras y sus alas. 9 Sus alas se juntaban unas con otras. Y cuando se desplazaban, no se volvÃan, sino que cada uno se desplazaba de frente hacia adelante.
10 La forma de sus caras era la de una cara de hombre, con una cara de leÃ³n en el lado derecho de los cuatro, una cara de toro en el lado izquierdo de los cuatro, y una cara de Ã¡guila en los cuatro. 11 AsÃ eran sus caras. Sus alas estaban extendidas hacia arriba. Cada uno tenÃa dos alas que se tocaban entre sÃ, y otras dos que cubrÃan sus cuerpos. 12 Cada uno se desplazaba de frente hacia adelante. Iban adondequiera que el espÃritu decidÃa ir, y no viraban cuando se desplazaban.
13 En medio de los seres vivientes habÃa algo como carbones de fuego encendido que se desplazaban como antorchas entre los seres vivientes. El fuego resplandecÃa, y del mismo salÃan relÃ¡mpagos. 14 Y los seres iban y volvÃan, como si fueran relÃ¡mpagos.
15 Mientras yo miraba a los seres vivientes, he aquÃ que habÃa una rueda en la tierra, junto y al frente de cada uno de los cuatro seres vivientes. 16 La forma y el aspecto de las ruedas era como crisÃ³lito. Las cuatro ruedas tenÃan la misma forma y aspecto, y estaban hechas de manera que habÃa una rueda dentro de otra rueda.
17 Cuando se desplazaban, lo hacÃan en cualquiera de las cuatro direcciones, y no viraban cuando se desplazaban. 18 Sus aros eran altos y aterradores, y los aros de las cuatro ruedas estaban llenos de ojos alrededor. 19 Cuando los seres vivientes se desplazaban, tambiÃ©n se desplazaban las ruedas que estaban junto a ellos. Cuando los seres se elevaban de sobre la tierra, las ruedas tambiÃ©n se elevaban. 20 Iban adondequiera que el espÃritu fuese, y las ruedas tambiÃ©n se elevaban junto con ellos, pues el espÃritu de cada ser viviente estaba tambiÃ©n en las ruedas. 21 Cuando ellos se desplazaban, tambiÃ©n ellas se desplazaban; cuando ellos se detenÃan, tambiÃ©n ellas se detenÃan. Y cuando ellos se elevaban de la tierra, tambiÃ©n las ruedas se elevaban junto con ellos, porque el espÃritu de cada ser viviente estaba tambiÃ©n en las ruedas.
22 Sobre las cabezas de los seres vivientes habÃa una bÃ³veda semejante a un cristal impresionante, extendido por encima de sus cabezas. 23 Debajo de la bÃ³veda, sus alas se extendÃan rectas, la una hacia la otra. Y cada ser tenÃa dos alas con que cubrÃan sus cuerpos. 24 Cuando se desplazaban, escuchÃ© el ruido de sus alas como el ruido de muchas aguas, como la voz del Todopoderoso, como el bullicio de una muchedumbre, como el bullicio de un ejÃ©rcito. Y cuando se detenÃan, bajaban sus alas.
25 Entonces hubo un estruendo por encima de la bÃ³veda que estaba sobre la cabeza de ellos. (Y cuando se detenÃan, bajaban sus alas.) 26 Por encima de la bÃ³veda que estaba sobre sus cabezas, habÃa la forma de un trono que parecÃa de piedra de zafiro. Y sobre dicha forma de trono estaba alguien semejante a un hombre. 27 Entonces vi algo semejante a metal que resplandecÃa con la apariencia del fuego que lo perfilaba alrededor. Desde su cintura hacia arriba, y desde su cintura hacia abajo, vi algo que parecÃa fuego y que tenÃa un resplandor alrededor de Ã©l. 28 Como el aspecto del arco iris que estÃ¡ en las nubes en un dÃa de lluvia, asÃ era el aspecto del resplandor alrededor.
Este era el aspecto de la gloria de Jehova. Y cuando la vi, caÃ postrado sobre mi rostro y oÃ la voz de uno que hablaba.
Llamamiento de Ezequiel
2 Y me dijo: "Oh hijo de hombre, ponte en pie, y hablarÃ© contigo."
2 Mientras Ã©l me hablaba, entrÃ³ en mÃ el EspÃritu y me puso sobre mis pies, y oÃ al que me hablaba. 3 Y me dijo: "Oh hijo de hombre, yo te envÃo a los hijos de Israel, a una naciÃ³n de rebeldes que se ha rebelado contra mÃ. Tanto ellos como sus padres se han rebelado contra mÃ hasta este mismo dÃa. 4 Yo te envÃo a esta gente de rostro endurecido y de corazÃ³n empedernido. Y les dirÃ¡s: âAsÃ ha dicho el SeÃ±or Jehova.â 5 Ya sea que ellos escuchen o que dejen de escuchar (porque son una casa rebelde), sabrÃ¡n que ha habido un profeta entre ellos. 6 Pero tÃº, oh hijo de hombre, no temas; no temas de ellos ni de sus palabras. Aunque te halles entre zarzas y espinos, y habites entre escorpiones, no temas de sus palabras ni te atemorices ante ellos; porque son una casa rebelde. 7 TÃº, pues, les hablarÃ¡s mis palabras, ya sea que escuchen o dejen de escuchar, porque son una casa rebelde. 8 Pero tÃº, oh hijo de hombre, escucha lo que yo te hablo. No seas rebelde como esa casa rebelde; abre tu boca y come lo que yo te doy."
Para algunos es indiscutible que la narraciÃ³n describe naves extraterrestres. Todo eso de ruedas, caras, ruidos y vuelos, solo puede ser esa descripciÃ³n, porquÃ©... Â¿Como iba a expresar un hombre antiguo la visiÃ³n de tal acontecimiento, incomprensible para Ã©l?
Estos libros comprenden los de la Torah (El Pentateuco que son: el Genesis, Exodo, Levitico, NÃºmeros y Deteuronomio), mas los libros posteriores muichos sacados del Antiguo Testamento cristiano (24 libros que son: JosuÃ©, Jueces, Samuel, Reyes, Isaias, Jeremias, Ezequiel, Oseas, Oseas, Joel, AmÃ³s, AbdÃas, JonÃ¡s, Miqueas, NahÃºm, Habacuc, SofonÃas, Ageo, ZacarÃas y MalaquÃas, Libro de los Salmos, Job, Proverbios, Ruth, Cantar de los Cantares, EclesiastÃ©s, Lamentaciones, Ester, Daniel, Esdras y NehemÃas y CrÃ³nicas I y II) .
Por lo tanto los libros cristianos del Antiguo Testamento de donde se copiaron despues los hebreos no son fiables al contexto original, por mucho que se hayan empeÃ±ado todos en guardar celo de que asÃ fuera.
|La Guerra de los Mundos y la Cia||La Guerra de los Mundos y la CIA 1Âª Parte|
âNadie hubiera creÃdo, en los Ãºltimos aÃ±os del siglo XIX, que a nuestro mundo lo observaban minuciosamente inteligencias mayores que las del hombre, aunque mortales como Ã©l; que, mientras los hombres se ocupaban de sus diversos asuntos, alguien los vigilaba y los estudiaba, quizÃ¡ tan detalladamente como un hombre con un microscopio podrÃa vigilar a las pequeÃ±as criaturas que medran y proliferan en una gota de agua. Con infinita complacencia, los hombres fueron de un lado a otro por el planeta ocupÃ¡ndose de sus pequeÃ±os asuntos, seguros de su dominio sobre la materia. Tal vez los microbios que vemos al microscopio hacen lo mismo. Nadie pensÃ³ que los mundos mÃ¡s antiguos del espacio pudieran ser fuente de peligro para la humanidad. SÃ³lo pensamos en ellos para desechar la idea de que pudieran albergar vida. Es extraÃ±o recordar los hÃ¡bitos mentales de aquellos dÃas. Cuando mucho, los hombres se imaginaban que en Marte vivÃan otros hombres, quizÃ¡ inferiores a ellos y dispuestos a recibir emisarios terrestres. Pero a travÃ©s de las enormes distancias espaciales, unas mentes que son a las nuestras como las nuestras a las de las bestias, unos intelectos vastos, frÃos y crueles, miraban a la Tierra con envidia, y, lenta pero inexorablemente, fraguaron planes contra nosotros. â
H. G. Wells La guerra de los mundos (1889)
Algo impensable en 1889 era el hecho de que hubiera vida en otros mundos, fuera, en el espacio, pero asÃ comienza en sus primeros pÃ¡rrafos, la novela escrita por H.G.Wells, titulada "La Guerra de los Mundos", este escritor proclamado por muchos como el padre de la ciencia ficciÃ³n, tuvo la ocurrencia de narrar, enlazando las antiguas creencias, de que en Marte habitaba una civilizaciÃ³n, pero Â¿De donde provenÃan dichas creencias?
Todo empezÃ³ en 1877 con la posiciÃ³n del "planeta rojo" al nuestro, en un momento en que su acercamiento a la Tierra hizo que muchos astrÃ³nomos quisieran observarlo. Para el astrÃ³nomo italiano Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli, director del Observatorio Brera de MilÃ¡n, era el momento ideal para probar el nuevo telescopio de 21.8 centÃmetros y con las observaciones hechas en el transcurso de los 10 aÃ±os siguientes, Schiaparelli dibujÃ³ un mapa de Marte muy detallado. El astrÃ³nomo italiano bautizÃ³ los accidentes topogrÃ¡ficos marcianos con nombres de la mitologÃa griega y de la biblia. Pero lo mÃ¡s notable de su carta topogrÃ¡fica, eran la red de lÃneas definidas, con que Schiaparelli dibujo la superficie de Marte, y que llamÃ³ canales.
"Este nombre es un simple artificio", advirtiÃ³ Schiaparelli. "DespuÃ©s de todo, tambiÃ©n hablamos de los mares de la Luna sabiendo perfectamente que no son masas lÃquidas". EmpezÃ³ a fraguarse la idea de que en Marte podrÃa haber una civilizaciÃ³n constructora, capaz de la creaciÃ³n de gigantescas obras de ingenierÃa para la irrigaciÃ³n de grandes terrenos, siendo el principal promotor de esta idea, el astrÃ³nomo y millonario estadounidense Percival Lowell.
Lowell construyÃ³ un observatorio en Flagstaff, (Arizona). Entusiasmado por la posibilidad de vida inteligente en Marte, observo los canales y los representÃ³ en mapas en los que cada vez los dibujaba mÃ¡s rectos. Por lo tanto en Marte habÃa vida inteligente, se convenciÃ³ de que los canales eran un sistema de riego o de distribuciÃ³n de agua a las zonas habitadas. Las variaciones de color que se veÃan en la superficie del planeta con las variaciones estacionales, eran indicio de vida vegetal. H.G. Wells, no solo se basÃ³ en esas ideas sino que ademÃ¡s tuvo la osadÃa de proponer en su novela una invasiÃ³n de nuestro hogar por fuerzas de ese planeta.
EscribiÃ³ su obra en la Ã©poca en que causaban furor los canales de Marte y quizÃ¡ contribuyÃ³ a la obsesiÃ³n con la vida extraterrestre. TambiÃ©n definiÃ³ el tono de los relatos acerca de encuentros interplanetarios de los siguientes decenios: Superioridad social, racional y tecnolÃ³gica de los invasores, hostilidad y guerra.
Ni que decir tiene que la novela fue un Ã©xito, creÃ¡ndose multitud de ediciones, varias pelÃculas e incluso partituras sinfÃ³nicas.
Pero hemos de observar lo que sociologicamente representÃ³: El cineasta estadounidense Orson Welles producÃa un popular programa de radio en 1938, que consistÃa en adaptar obras de teatro y literatura a ese medio. El 30 de octubre de ese aÃ±o, Welles transmitiÃ³ una adaptaciÃ³n en directo de "La guerra de los mundos". Pero esa adaptaciÃ³n que hizo Welles no era una simple lectura del texto de su casi homÃ³nimo Wells. (El parecido en la pronunciaciÃ³n de sus nombres aumentÃ³ la confusiÃ³n). Dicho programa era un montaje radiofÃ³nico, que no habÃa probado hasta entonces. ConsistÃa en un montaje de cerca de 24 horas de emisiÃ³n ininterrumpida, una especie de directo de un programa musical, interrumpido por noticias que imitaban a las verdaderas, por ejemplo, la informaciÃ³n de que unos astrÃ³nomos acababan de ver unas extraÃ±as explosiones y luminosidades en Marte, mÃ¡s tarde un reportero entrevistaba a uno de los astrÃ³nomos, que decÃa que no podÃa explicar quÃ© estaba pasando; poco despuÃ©s, daba la noticia de que se veÃa caer del cielo un meteorito en Nueva Jersey, en esa tÃ³nica relataba en "las noticias" que lo avistado resultaba que era un objeto cilÃndrico descomunal.
Se escuchaba el sonido de mucha gente que se acercaba para verlo, hasta que se oÃa que el aparato se abrÃa y del interior salÃan unas seres monstruosos. Se emitieron gritos previamente grabados, mientras que el reportero daba la noticia en un gran estado de excitaciÃ³n. La atmÃ³sfera del programa era de un realismo total, de tal modo que los oyentes que no escucharon el principio del programa, donde se explicaba que era una narraciÃ³n y su adaptaciÃ³n con realismo, pensaron que un ejÃ©rcito marciano estaba invadiendo el mundo.
En la vida real, este "Reality show" (como se les denomina actualmente) de Orson Welles produjo la histeria en masa. Hubo quien se encerrÃ³ en el sÃ³tano de la casa con armas. Otros se pusieron toallas mojadas en la cara para protegerse del gas venenoso de los marcianos. Existieron patrullas de granjeros armados y a mÃ¡s de un depÃ³sito de agua o transformador elÃ©ctrico le descerrajaron un disparo, con lo que la falta de luz y agua contribuyÃ³ al desatino. Hubo a quien la histeria colectiva le supuso un ataque al corazÃ³n o un accidente de trÃ¡fico, causÃ¡ndole la muerte; y en definitiva en mas de un lugar, las fuerzas vivas actuaron para la defensa ante la inminencia de ese ataque alienigena. El programa fue motivo de escÃ¡ndalo e indignaciÃ³n cuando se revelÃ³ la realidad. TambiÃ©n demostrÃ³ el poder de una narraciÃ³n bien hecha y de la sugestibilidad del genero humano ante el poder de los medios. Fue uno de los momentos mÃ¡s gloriosos pero tambiÃ©n mÃ¡s terribles de O. Welles y de la historia de la radio.
(Link para escuchar el famoso programa de Orson Welles, en inglÃ©s) http://www.earthstation1.com/WOTW/War_of_the_Worlds.ram
Ya estaba fraguada la idea de la visita de seres extraterrestres a la sociedad humana y quedÃ³ bien estudiado el impacto sobre la psique colectiva que supuso la narraciÃ³n de unos hechos que nunca existieron. Ni Wells, ni Welles hablaron nunca de que las naves tripuladas por los "marcianos" tuvieran forma de "platillo volante".
Fue con el final de la II Guerra Mundial, con los estudios de la casa Northrop y tras atrapar los proyectos de platillos volantes alemanes por parte de los servicios de informaciÃ³n estadounidenses y su puesta en marcha de los prototipos, cuando se empiezan a ver dichas formas voladoras. (Ver el caso de Kenneth Arnold.). Este primer avistamiento en Octubre de 1947, supuso una nueva psicosis de temor a una invasiÃ³n extraterrestre.
Â¿Que mejor oportunidad para poder encubrir las pruebas y vuelos de dichos prototipos que disfrazarlo todo?. "Nosotros no somos y los sovieticos tampoco, (no van a estar por encima nuestra, claro) pues entonces Â¿Quienes serÃ¡n?" El 17 de Junio de 1947 la USAF, obtiene la "independencia" del resto de las fuerzas armadas de los EE.UU., que a su vez mÃ¡s tarde desembocarÃa en la separaciÃ³n de las "Fuerzas EstratÃ©gicas" y en la "Fuerza Nuclear". Siendo las tres totalmente independientes, a pesar de formar todas parte de la USAF. No alcanzaban a saber lo que realizaban unas y otras y por supuesto, manteniendo al margen de sus operaciones al US Army y la US Navy . TambiÃ©n en 1947 se crea la CIA, (TambiÃ©n se crea el Estado de Israel y se cimientan las bases de las Naciones Unidas) cuya misiÃ³n principal es el espionaje-contra espionaje y tambiÃ©n creada con departamentos totalmente independientes.
En plena "Guerra FrÃa", mientras la USAF intentaba crear una atmÃ³sfera de casos OVNIs extraterrestres para encubrir sus operaciones de aparatos secretos, el US Army intentaba disipar dicha atmÃ³sfera para evitar que se pudiera, con tal caos de informaciÃ³n, encubrir un movimiento ofensivo de la URSS. MÃ¡s activa estuvo la CIA, donde mientras unos departamentos ayudaban a la USAF en la creaciÃ³n de la "cortina extraterrestre" basÃ¡ndose en el efecto "Welles", otros por el contrario intentaban esclarecer el asunto para el US Army y a su vez empujados por el Departamento de Defensa de EE.UU. investigaban la posible tenencia por parte de la URSS. de "platos voladores". Cincuenta aÃ±os despuÃ©s del caso "Arnold", la Cia saca a la luz un informe al que le da el nombre: "El Papel de la CIA en el estudio de los OVNIs entre 1947 y 1990". "El informe comienza apuntando la preocupaciÃ³n sociolÃ³gica que el fenÃ³meno OVNI ha despertado en el gobierno estadounidense desde siempre: "â¦un 95% de los americanos ha leÃdo o escuchado algo sobre los OVNIs, y el 57% cree que son realesâ¦", "â¦nuestros presidentes Carter y Reagan confiesan haber visto un OVNIâ¦". Resulta por tanto comprensible que los Servicios de Inteligencia se hayan ocupado de seguir muy de cerca, y a veces de conducir, la historia del fenÃ³meno OVNI. Sin embargo tanto la CIA, como otros Servicios de Inteligencia, han negado siempre que se ocultase informaciÃ³n al pÃºblico, y menos aÃºn que se mintiese deliberadamente o se manipulase informaciÃ³n OVNI. Sorprendentemente en este informe la CIA confiesa como se preocupÃ³ por los "Platillos Volantes" al "creer que los soviÃ©ticos podÃan utilizar los informes de OVNIs para provocar la histeria de la masa y el pÃ¡nico en USA...", "â¦y creyÃ³ tambiÃ©n que los soviÃ©ticos deben usar los OVNIs para cargar excesivamente los sistemas de detecciÃ³n aÃ©rea, para no poder distinguir los blancos reales de fantasmas OVNIsâ¦".
A medida que profundizamos en el informe, comprobamos que es una autÃ©ntica historia de espÃas y conspiraciones, "El Panel Robertson", el "Proyecto Signo", el "Proyecto Grude", el llamado "Libro Azul", el "Informe Condon", cuentan en este informe una historia donde la ufologÃa norteamericana, se la descubre muy influenciada por la CIA. SegÃºn el texto, ya a principios de los aÃ±os 50, el "Panel Robertson", llegÃ³ a la conclusiÃ³n de que era militarmente posible "aprovecharse de los OVNIs". Y asÃ la CIA lo llevo a cabo. En varias fragmentos del informe, la CIA afirma, que uno de sus intereses en el estudio de los OVNIs era la sospecha de que algunos "Platillos Volantes" eran aeronaves experimentales soviÃ©ticas: "proyectiles extranjeros imitan los OVNIs, y evidencian la tecnologÃa soviÃ©tica asociada a los OVNIsâ¦"; "Oficiales de la CIA sabÃan que britÃ¡nicos y canadienses experimentaban ya con Platillos Volantesâ¦ aviones no convencionalesâ¦ y oficiales de la Agencia temieron que los soviÃ©ticos probaran aparatos similaresâ¦".
En aquellos aÃ±os 50 e incluso antes ya volaban "Platillos Volantes", ya que en 1932 H. Zimmerman llevo a cabo varias pruebas con diferentes tipos de alas circulares en pruebas de viento, que fueron publicadas en el "Technical Report 431" de la antigua NASA, llegando a registrarse con la patente USA 2.108.093. AmÃ©n de todos los prototipos y proyectos de alas circulares de los alemanes ya existÃan, como los diseÃ±os de Schauberger o el "Proyecto Omega" de Andreas Epp.
Aviones con forma discoidal en USA, no eran proyectos disparatados, como los prototipos de ala circular de Cadwell. De hecho uno de esos prototipos fue descubierto en mayo de 1949 en un hangar abandonado de Baltimore, y confundido por las autoridades con un Platillo Volante estrellado. Â¿Que mejor que aprovecharse de ello? Si como dice el refrÃ¡n : "A rÃo revuelto, ganancia de pescadores".
TambiÃ©n sabÃa la CIA que algunos de sus aviones de despegue vertical, como el Lockheed XFV-1 o el Convair XFY-1, habÃan sido desarrollados a partir de los planos del Caza-Milagro incautados a los ingenieros nazis durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial y que se habÃan confundido con "Platillos Volantes".
Pero ademÃ¡s de esos planos, los americanos obtuvieron diseÃ±os de mÃ¡s de una decena de aeronaves y platillos, como el aparato interfases cohete AS-6, que los nazis habÃan llegado incluso a construir en prototipos. Y esos diseÃ±os de Platillos fueron experimentados en USA despuÃ©s de la guerra. No solo por militares, sino incluso por ingenieros civiles. Por ejemplo Paul Moller hizo varias demostraciones en los aÃ±os 50/60 de sus Platillos Volantes. Platillos que hoy quiere comercializar. Y de todo esto, la CIA supo aprovecharse. El informe de la CIA solo toca de refilÃ³n el asunto Roswell, insistiendo en la hipÃ³tesis Mogul. Evidentemente, de ser cierta la hipÃ³tesis extraterrestre de Roswell, implicarÃa la captura de naves extraterrestres y de sus ocupantes y por lo tanto la captura de una tecnologÃa susceptible de ser copiada y puesta en marcha por parte de todas aquellas empresas aeronÃ¡uticas implicadas en la construcciÃ³n de prototipos secretos. La CIA no menciona ni por asomo las famosas alas volantes y los aviones Stealth, que el Gobierno norteamericano confesÃ³ haber ocultado tras casos OVNIs hace aÃ±os.
En 1988 se presentÃ³ al pÃºblico el ala volante Stealth; el bombardero B-2. Sin embargo, el B-2 es el Ãºltimo (o penÃºltimo) eslabÃ³n de una cadena de aviones secretos que se inicia con las primeras alas volantes de Northrop en los aÃ±os 40, y que siempre ha estado ligada al fenÃ³meno OVNI. Una cadena que va mÃ¡s allÃ¡ de los aviones Stealth (invisibles al radar, inventado previamente por los hermanos Horten en Alemania en la dÃ©cada de los 40), y que llega hasta el revolucionario concepto del waverider, una revolucionaria tecnologÃa aeronÃ¡utica que la NASA, y por supuesto la Fuerza AÃ©rea y la CIA pretende desarrollar en naves que vuelen hasta 300.000 pies de altura, y hasta 25 veces la velocidad del sonidoâ¦ Con este informe la CIA ha pretendido renovar el olvidado tema OVNI, . Â¿Cuantos OVNIs avistados en los aÃ±os 50 a 70 eran aviones experimentales como el U-2 o el SR-71?. Â¿Cuantos UCAV avistados dieron paso a la oleada de ovnis triangulares? Seguramente miles. Â¿Y los DRONES, esas pequeÃ±as aeronaves con aspectos variados?
Sin embargo existen otras facetas del espionaje, la tecnologÃa militar y los mÃ¡s siniestros secretos de estado, ocultas tras la pantalla OVNI de las que la CIA no dice nada en su informe. Pero este informe va dirigido a la llamada "GeneraciÃ³n escÃ©ptica". Ya que ademÃ¡s junto con el Moshad israelÃ difundieron y propagaron toda suerte de religiones o sectas que alimentarÃan la imaginaciÃ³n de los adeptos y contribuirÃan a realimentar el tema Ovni extraterrestre, llevandolo a la categoria de cotidiano.
Se habia creado, durante decadas un enorme monstruo mediatico que se realimenta solo, miles de fotografias, miles de casos de avistamientos y de testigos (mas o menos realistas o fraudulentos), junto con cientos de libros formaban a diario una enorme lista de casos a aÃ±adir al tema. Photoshop, Internet, literatura "misterologa", todos alimentan ese monstruo.
Pero hay algo mÃ¡s: Werner Von Braun comentÃ³:
"El complejo de inteligencia militar, industrial y de laboratorios, usaria la guerra frÃa, luego las naciones problematicas, luego el terrorismo global, hasta llegar a la Ãºltima carta del triunfo: Una amenaza falsa desde el espacio."
Con intenciÃ³n de justificar el gasto de trillones de dolares en armamento espacial, en una guerra de la que casi no se verÃ¡ nada, solo algunos ataques esporadicos sobre la Tierra, el mundo serÃ¡ engaÃ±ado (aprovechando el "efecto Welles") con una amenaza del espacio exterior, uniendo de esta manera al mundo en el miedo, el militarismo y la guerra, un mundo del que esas industrias pretenden hacerse las dueÃ±as, creando "Un nuevo orden mundial".
Â¿Cuales son las corrientes politico-economicas que impulsan a directores de cine como Spielberg a repetirse en el tema extraterrestre en sus films?
Lynn Picknett y Prince Clive autores de "Stargate conspiracy" nos desvelan en su libro la creaciÃ³n por parte de la CIA de una conspiraciÃ³n para hacer creer en el regreso de una fuerza alienigena.
El tiempo dirÃ¡ cuanto ocultaron, el como y el porquÃ©.
|The O.K. Show, Episode 10: Dan Israel||
Prolific singer-songwriter Dan Israel opens up about his divorce and his struggle to stay healthy.
|A cinematic approach to drug resistance|
In a creative stroke inspired by Hollywood wizardry, scientists from Harvard Medical School and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have designed a simple way to observe how bacteria move as they become impervious to drugs.
|LLUVIA ARTIFICIAL PARA FRENAR LA DESERTIZACIÃN: EL PROYECTO GESHEM|
Aunque tengamos nuestras dudas respecto a este invento-propuesta serÃa interesante comprobar su viabilidad ecolÃ³gica (que no funcional, pues eso parece estar claro). Si bien es cierto que la reforestaciÃ³n progresiva parece mucho mejor, parece evidente que el tiempo que transcurre entre los plazos de re-ecosistematizaciÃ³n se prolonga demasiado en el tiempo.
Este proyecto conjunto entre la Universidad Libre de Bruselas, la Universidad de Ben Gurion de Israel, la Universidad de Alicante, la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos I de Madrid y la Universidad de Salamanca (con la colaboraciÃ³n de la empresa Ecotex y la NASA), podrÃa dar alas a proyectos agrarios en zonas desÃ©rticas o semidesÃ©rticas.
**Este artÃculo esta sacado de Ecococos
A lo largo de los aÃ±os se han estudiado diversos mÃ©todos para recuperar terrenos desertizados, muchas veces con Ã©xito. Un mÃ©todo que ha tenido mucha aceptaciÃ³n es la reforestaciÃ³n progresiva de las zonas afectadas. Realizando un estudio dentro de cada caso, se van introduciendo especies de plantas que soporten los niveles de sequÃa en la zona, aumentando los niveles de humedad y progresivamente introduciendo nuevas especies ganando terreno sobre las zonas afectadas. Existe un caso prÃ¡ctico que se ha llevado a cabo en la dÃ©cada de 1930, con Ã©xito en Villa Gesell, una pequeÃ±a ciudad del litoral de Argentina.
Existe una alternativa que estÃ¡ en proceso de investigaciÃ³n y que fue presentada en el aÃ±o 2004 en Israel por el cientÃfico LeÃ³n Brenig, de la Universidad de Bruselas: el proyecto Geshem ("lluvia" en hebreo) con el que pretende crear lluvia artificial, y que podrÃ¡ solucionar problemas de desertizaciÃ³n sustituyendo algunas medidas polÃ©micas como los trasvases y las desalinizaciones del agua del mar, ademÃ¡s de aprovechar el aumento de las temperaturas en el planeta debidas al problema del Calentamiento Global.
El proyecto consiste en la colocaciÃ³n de una tela asfÃ¡ltica en una extensiÃ³n de unos dos kilÃ³metros cuadrados para favorecer el fenÃ³meno isla de calor, que se forma sobre las ciudades que, debido al asfalto, constituyen puntos oscuros absorbentes de los rayos solares, lo que causa que la temperatura sea varios grados centÃgrados superior a la del Ã¡rea que la circunda. Esta diferencia de valores hace que se aceleren las corrientes cercanas y que aumente el vapor de agua para que, a la altura del extrarradio urbano, donde cae unos grados la temperatura, se formen nubes y se favorezcan las precipitaciones.
El proyecto 'Geshem' intentarÃ¡ simular el fenÃ³meno de la isla de calor mediante la colocaciÃ³n de una pelÃcula de color oscuro de baja reflexiÃ³n en una superficie de dos kilÃ³metros cuadrados. Esta superficie serÃ¡ capaz de alcanzar altas temperaturas y asÃ favorecer la dilataciÃ³n del aire y del vapor de agua que contiene. El vapor asciende rÃ¡pidamente al mismo tiempo que se va enfriando y, a los 1.000 metros de altura, empieza a condensarse para, a continuaciÃ³n, provocar precipitaciones.El proyecto, a partir del efecto isla de calor, que se lograrÃa con la instalaciÃ³n de la superficie de tela asfÃ¡ltica, se dirige a Ã¡reas donde hay riesgo de restricciones y de contaminaciÃ³n atmosfÃ©rica por falta de lluvias. La zona donde ha de implantarse debe cumplir algunos requisitos imprescindibles: que haga un intenso calor, haya una brisa constante y una humedad del aire relativamente alta.
La primera prueba se realizarÃ¡ en el desierto del Neguev en Israel a 150 kilÃ³metros de la costa una vez se disponga del material, que ha de ser biodegradable para evitar la contaminaciÃ³n y barato para que su aplicaciÃ³n sea rentable. El proceso de investigaciÃ³n se puede prolongar hasta cinco aÃ±os y no tendrÃ¡ consecuencias negativas para el medio ambiente por lo que lograrÃa resolver los problemas de flora y fauna que los trasvases y las desalinizaciones provocan.
El proyecto estÃ¡ en fase de investigaciÃ³n y corre a cargo de la NASA, de la Universidad Libre de Bruselas, en BÃ©lgica, y la de Ben GuriÃ³n, en Israel, junto a la empresa de material agrÃcola Ecotex, la Universidad de Alicante, la Rey Juan Carlos I de Madrid y la Universidad de Salamanca.
Respecto al coste de implantar una de estas estructuras es relativamente pequeÃ±o en comparaciÃ³n a otras alternativas para paliar la falta de agua, como pueden ser las desaladoras, ya que para una superficie de 2 kilÃ³metros cuadrados habrÃa que efectuar una Ãºnica inversiÃ³n de unos 2 millones de euros, sin mantenimiento ni coste de funcionamiento, declarÃ³ el cientÃfico JesÃºs Vigo Aguiar, de la Universidad de Salamanca.
Fuente original: http://physfsa.ulb.ac.be/IMG/pdf/brenig07.pdf
|20.10.17 20:00 Uhr - NÃ¼rnberg - Giora Feidman & Rastrelli Cello Quartett mit Jerusalem Duo - "Feidman plays Beatles"||Tickets erhÃ¤ltlich unter: http://www.frankentipps.de/veranstaltung191879-tickets|
Ja, es gibt sie noch, die kleinen Sensationen in der Musikwelt. Nach der Ã¼beraus erfolgreichen Tournee bleiben Giora Feidman und das Rastrelli Cello Quartett fÃ¼r ein weiteres, auÃergewÃ¶hnliches Projekt zusammen: ÂFeidman plays BeatlesÂ. Der Maestro hat das groÃe Beatles Songbook aufgeschlagen und prÃ¤sentiert 2017 sein neues Programm in 25 deutschen StÃ¤dten, das ausschlieÃlich aus Kompositionen der berÃ¼hmten Â Fab FourÂ bestehen wird. Mit der virtuosen Umsetzung des fabelhaften und nahezu genialen Arrangements des Ensemblemitglieds Sergej Drabkin und des slowakischen Komponisten Peter Breiner ist dies Giora Feidman und dem Rastrelli Cello Quartett vortrefflich gelungen. Freuen Sie sich mit unseren GÃ¤sten aus Israel auf einen auÃergewÃ¶hnlichen Abend, denn so zeitlos und generationsÃ¼bergreifend haben Sie Giora Feidman noch nie erlebt.
Einlass: 19.00 Uhr Beginn: 20.00 Uhr
Bildrechte: Stephan Haeger
|20.10.17 20:00 Uhr - NÃ¼rnberg - Giora Feidman & Rastrelli Cello Quartett, "feat." Das Jerusalem Duo - "Feidman plays beatles"||Tickets erhÃ¤ltlich unter: http://www.frankentipps.de/veranstaltung193655-tickets|
Ja, es gibt sie noch, die kleinen Sensationen in der Musikwelt.
Nach der Ã¼beraus erfolgreichen Tournee bleiben Giora Feidman und das rastrelli Cello Quartett fÃ¼r ein weiteres, auÃergewÃ¶hnliches
"Feidman plays beatles"
Der Maestro hat das groÃe Beatles Songbook aufgeschlagen
und prÃ¤sentiert 2017 sein neues Programm in 25 deutschen StÃ¤dten, das ausschlieÃlich aus Kompositionen der berÃ¼hmten
"Fab Four" bestehen wird.
Mit der virtuosen Umsetzung der fabelhaften und nahezu genialen
ArrangementsÂ des Ensemblemitglieds Sergej Drabkin und des
slowakischen Komponisten Peter Breiner ist dies Giora Feidman
und dem Rastrelli Cello QuartettÂ vortrefflich gelungen.
Freuen Sie sich zusammen mit unseren israelischen GÃ¤sten,
Hila Offek, Harfe und AndrÃ© Tsirlin, Saxofon, auf einen auÃer-
gewÃ¶hnlichen Abend , denn so zeitlos und generationsÃ¼ber- greifend haben Sie Giora Feidman noch nie erlebt!!!
|Grace Blue - "Our Eyes" [Pop]|
- "Our Eyes" music video by Grace Blue
|18.11.17 17:00 Uhr - Erlangen - 5 Jahre, 5 Meere||Tickets erhÃ¤ltlich unter: http://www.frankentipps.de/veranstaltung201515-tickets|
Es beginnt mit einem Traum. Alles verkaufen, sein bisheriges Leben hinter sich lassen und nach dem groÃen GlÃ¼ck suchen. Ohne Segelerfahrung sticht Mario mit seinem Katamaran ÂGOODLIFEÂ in See. Eine Reise Ã¼ber 5 Meere und 22 LÃ¤nder beginnt. Unter anderem erzÃ¤hlt der Aussteiger Ã¼ber seine Vorbereitungen in Thailand, TauchgÃ¤nge auf den Malediven, das Leben auf einsamen, unbewohnten Atollen und von TraumstrÃ¤nden auf den Seychellen.
Er lernt Yvonne kennen und als sie schwanger wird, mÃ¼ssen die PlÃ¤ne geÃ¤ndert werden. Das Arabische Meer und der Golf von Aden bringen, neben der Piratengefahr, auch technische Probleme und zwingen ihn zu einem Stopp in Jemen. Mario besucht die Beduinen in der WÃ¼ste und durch das NadelÃ¶hr Suezkanal erreicht er die Pyramiden Ãgyptens. SchÃ¼sse und HubschrauberlÃ¤rm in Israel, aber auch romantische DÃ¶rfer und Buchten in der TÃ¼rkei gehÃ¶ren zu den zahlreichen Facetten dieser Geschichte. Die junge Familie hangelt sich im Winter durch die stÃ¼rmische Inselwelt Griechenlands und reist mit Pistolen nach Marokko ein. Auf den kapverdischen Inseln begegnen sie einer Dschunke und finden neue Freunde. Eine nervenaufreibende AtlantikÃ¼berquerung mit der 18 Monate alten Tochter bringt eine Ã¼berraschende Wende.
Diese Multivision ist eine aufregende und abenteuerliche Aussteiger-Geschichte eines jungen Mannes, seiner Freundin und der gemeinsamen Tochter. Mario gewÃ¤hrt Euch tiefe persÃ¶nliche Einblicke, spricht aber auch offen Ã¼ber die Machbarkeit und Grenzen eines Ausstieges.
|The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-08-2017 with Carrie Marks||
Aesop Rock- Rings - The Impossible Kid
The Polish Ambassador Ayla Nereo Mr Lif- Shine Bright - Terra Bella
Yoko Ono- Soul Got Out Of The Box feat Portugal The Man - Yes Im A Witch Too
- voicebreak -
Valerie June- Astral Plane - The Order Of Time
Brother Ali- Own Light What Hearts Are For - All The Beauty In This Whole Life
Shane Koyczan And The Short Story Long- This Is My Voice - A Pretty Decent Cape In My Closet
The Alchemist- Yala Yala - Israeli Salad
Sylvan Esso- Play It Right - Sylvan Esso
- voicebreak -
A Tribe Called Red- The Virus feat Saul Williams Black Bear - We Are The Halluci Nation
Bjork- Triumph Of A Heart - Medulla
SMASHING PUMPKINS- Today - 9198
Big Gigantic- The Little Things feat Angela McCluskey - The Little Things feat Angela McCluskey Kasbo Remix Single
- voicebreak -
The Heliocentrics- Made Of The Sun - A World Of Masks
Andrea Gibson- I Sing The Body Electric Especially When My Powers Out - Flower Boy
This Patch Of Sky- A Light In The Attic - Newly Risen How Brightly You Shine
Black Lips- Cant Hold On - Satans Graffiti Or Gods Art
- voicebreak -
Cunninlynguists- The Light - A Piece Of Strange
Sturgill Simpson- It Aint All Flowers - Metamodern Sounds In Country Music
- voicebreak -
Cherry Glazerr- Had Ten Dollaz - Had Ten Dollaz Single
Lazer Sword- Jet Black - Gucci Sweatshirt 12
Joan As Police Woman Benjamin Lazar Davis- Broke Me In Two - Let It Be You
- voicebreak -
Pimps Of Joytime- Joytime Radio - Third Wall Chronicles
Jain- Makeba - France Rocks Vol 3
Paolo Nutini- Scream Funk My Life Up - Caustic Love
Wax Tailor- The Tune - Hope Sorrow
MarchFourth Marching Band- Soldiers Of The Mind - Magnificent Beast
Dirtwire- Hunters Harp - Dirtwire
Lettuce- The New Reel - Crush
- voicebreak -
Various Artists- Cool In The Pool Gamelan Drumming Holger Czukay - Morvern Caller
WE DREAM DAWN- Theresas Song - The Return Of The Lightep
Rubblebucket- Carousel Ride - Survival Sounds
Tall Black Guy- Is There More To Life feat Diggs Duke - Lets Take A Trip
The Spy From Cairo- Jennaty feat Ghalia Bennali - Secretly Famous
playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-06-08
|"Padre, a tus manos encomiendo mi espÃritu"|
A su eterno Padre, ya el espÃritu encomienda;
si mi vida no se enmienda,
Â¿en quÃ© manos pararÃ¡?
En las tuyas desde ahora
mi alma pongo, JesÃºs mÃo;
guardarÃa allÃ yo confÃo
para mi Ãºltima hora.
"Era ya eso de medio dÃa, y vinieron las tinieblas sobre toda la tierra hasta la media tarde; porque se oscureciÃ³ el sol. El velo del templo se rasgÃ³ por medio. Y JesÃºs, clamando con voz potente dijo: Â´Padre, a tus manos encomiendo mi espÃrituÂ´. Y dicho esto expirÃ³:" (Lc 23, 46) "Al ver el centuriÃ³n lo sucedido, glorificaba a Dios diciendo: Â«Ciertamente este hombre era justo.Â» 48. Y todas las gentes que habÃan acudido a aquel espectÃ¡culo, al ver lo que pasaba, se volvieron golpeÃ¡ndose el pecho."
- Se dirige al âPadreâ: con la seguridad de un niÃ±o, JesÃºs ofrece un grito muy fuerte con lo Ãºltimo del aliento que le quedaba: "Padre, en tus manos encomiendo mi espÃritu" (Lc. 23, 46). Cuando tenÃa sÃ³lo 12 aÃ±os, JesÃºs dice a sus padres que lo habÃan estado buscando durante tres dÃas: âÂ¿No sabÃais que es preciso que me ocupe en las cosas de mi Padre?â (Lc 2, 49).
- AbbÃ¡ Padre: es una expresiÃ³n aramea, (Mc. 14, 36 Gal. 4,6 Rom. 8, 15). âAbbÃ¡â expresa no sÃ³lo la alabanza tradicional de Dios âYo te doy gracias, Padre, SeÃ±or del cielo y de la tierraâ (cf. Mt 11, 25), sino que, en labios de JesÃºs, revela asimismo la conciencia de la relaciÃ³n Ãºnica y exclusiva que existe entre el Padre y Ãl, entre Ãl y el Padre. Extraordinarias palabras conservadas por Mateo (Mt 11, 27) y tambiÃ©n por Lucas (Lc 10, 22): âNadie conoce al Hijo sino el Padre, y nadie conoce al Padre sino el Hijo y aquel a quien el Hijo quisiere revelÃ¡rseloâ.
- âAbbÃ¡â testimonia esa particular comuniÃ³n de personas que existe entre el padre y el hijo engendrado por Ãl, entre el hijo que ama al padre y al mismo tiempo es amado por Ãl. Cuando, para hablar de Dios, JesÃºs utilizaba esta palabra, debÃa de causar admiraciÃ³n e incluso escandalizar a sus oyentes. Un israelita no la habrÃa utilizado ni en la oraciÃ³n. SÃ³lo quien se consideraba Hijo de Dios en un sentido propio podrÃa hablar asÃ de Ãl y dirigirse a Ãl como Padre. âAbbÃ¡â es decir, âpadre mÃoâ, âpapaÃtoâ, âpapÃ¡â.
- AbbÃ¡: en la oraciÃ³n en GetsemanÃ, JesÃºs exclamÃ³: âAbbÃ¡, Padre, todo te es posible. Aleja de mÃ este cÃ¡liz; mas no sea lo que yo quiero, sino lo que tÃº quierasâ (Mc 14, 36).
- Al final de su vida, en la oraciÃ³n sacerdotal con la que concluye su misiÃ³n, insiste en pedir a Dios: âPadre, ha llegado la hora, glorifica tu Hijo, para que tu Hijo te glorifique a tiâ (Jn 17, 1). âPadre Santo, guarda en tu nombre a Ã©stos que me has dadoâ (Jn 17, 11). âPadre justo, si el mundo no te ha conocido, yo te conocÃ...â (Jn 17, 25). Ya en la parÃ¡bola sobre el juicio final, proclama: âVengan a mÃ, benditos de mi Padre...â (Mt 25, 34). Luego pronuncia en la cruz sus Ãºltimas palabras: âPadre, en tus manos encomiendo mi espÃrituâ (Lc 23, 46). Por Ãºltimo, una vez resucitado anuncia a los discÃpulos: âYo les envÃo la promesa de mi Padreâ (Lc 24, 49).
- Padre: âEgo et Pater unum sumusâ âsomos una misma personaâ âsomos unoâ, en la teologÃa trinitaria se entiende âpara que conozcan y sepan que el Padre estÃ¡ en mÃ y yo en el Padreâ. La unicidad con el Padre mostrada en el diÃ¡logo con Felipe: âSeÃ±or, muÃ©stranos al Padre, y nos bastaâ (Jn. 14:8) JesÃºs le dijo: âÂ¿Tanto tiempo hace que estoy con vosotros, y no me has conocido, Felipe? El que me ha visto a mÃ, ha visto al Padre; Â¿CÃ³mo, pues, dices tÃº: MuÃ©stranos el Padre?â (vs.9).
- Jesucristo âconoce al Padreâ tan profundamente, ha venido para âdar a conocer su nombre a los hombres que el Padre le ha dadoâ (cf. Jn 17, 6) Un momento singular de esta revelaciÃ³n del Padre lo constituye la respuesta que da JesÃºs a sus discÃpulos cuando le piden: âEnsÃ©Ã±anos a orarâ (cf. Lc 11, 1). Ãl les dicta entonces la oraciÃ³n que comienza con las palabras âPadre nuestroâ (Mt. 6, 9-13 Lc. 11, 2-4).
En tus manos:
- La mano de Dios es la de la justicia, la del amor. Ante un Dios justo y amoroso sÃ³lo nos queda confiar, abandonarnos a sus manos. Dejar nuestra vida en sus manos.
- La mano creadora, es remontarse al creador del mundo, del ser humano. Reconocer que es la mano que amasa la vida de cada uno.
- Es la mano que muchas veces sanÃ³ al paralÃtico, devolviÃ³ los ojos al ciego, resucitÃ³ a la Hija de Jairo, al hijo de la viuda, a su amigo LÃ¡zaro. Es la mano que puede restaurarnos interiormente.
Encomiendo mi espÃritu:
- El Ãºltimo aliento de JesÃºs. La oblaciÃ³n de su propia vida, a disposiciÃ³n de su Padre.
- La oblaciÃ³n de la propia vida, que JesÃºs pone a disposiciÃ³n del Padre. Invoca el salmo 30,6, en que el justo atormentado confÃa su vida al Dios bondadoso y fiel:
- Â¡SÃ¡lvame, SeÃ±or, por tu misericordia! SÃ¡came de la red que me han tendido, porque tÃº eres mi refugio. Yo pongo mi vida en tus manos: TÃº me rescatarÃ¡s, SeÃ±or, Dios fiel. Oigo los rumores de la gente y amenazas por todas partes, mientras se confabulan contra mÃ y traman quitarme la vida. Pero yo confÃo en ti, SeÃ±or, y te digo: âTÃº eres mi Dios, mi destino estÃ¡ en tus manosâ. LÃbrame del poder de mis enemigos y de aquÃ©llos que me persiguen.
El UnigÃ©nito de Dios no estuvo exento de la muerte.
NaciÃ³ humanamente y muriÃ³ humanamente.
Su madre lo vio nacer y tambiÃ©n lo vio morir.
Sin su muerte la expiaciÃ³n jamÃ¡s se hubiera llevado a cabo.
JesÃºs fue el cordero escogido desde la eternidad. (1 Pedro 1:19-20)
JesÃºs fue el cordero mudo que se dejo llevar al matadero. (IsaÃas 53:7)
JesÃºs fue el cordero inmolado. (Apo. 5:12)
JesÃºs fue el cordero de Dios que quita el pecado. Juan 1:29.
Gloria de su Gloria, Dios de Dios,
de siempre igual a El,
TÃº has venido del Padre.
Y ahora al Padre vuelves
desde nosotros, igual a nosotros,
Dios y Hombre para siempre.
En el seno del EspÃritu
el Padre te acoge, Hijo Bienamado,
AmÃ©n de su Amor ya satisfecho.
La Muerte ha sucumbido en tu Muerte
como un fantasma inÃºtil, para siempre.
Y en tus Manos reposan nuestras vidas,
vencedoras de la muerte, a su hora.
En tu Paz descansa esperanzada
nuestra agitada paz.
Descansa en Paz, por fin,
en la Paz del Padre, eterna,
TÃº que eres Â¡nuestra Paz!
|Agradecimiento a Dios por la salud de mamÃ¡ Mila.|
Viaje a la fe
Dios ha sido bueno con nosotros y estamos alegres (Sal 125).
El salmo 125 supongo que grafica la alegrÃa que hemos experimentado en la familia al primer signo de vida de mamÃ¡ Mila despuÃ©s de aquel jueves 15 de enero que sufrÃo una trombosis pulmonar con paro respiratorio y derrame cerebral parcial. Dios alegrÃa y esperanza nuestra se convierte en aquella sangre que dinamiza nuestro pulmÃ³n, corazÃ³n y cerebro.
La alegrÃa en los ojos es brillante y notorio en unos cuerpos calavÃ©ricos despues de varios dÃas en estado de coma, con un 20 % de probalidades de vida. Es la alegrÃa que causa a los israelitas el regreso del exilio en Babilonia tras el edicto del rey persa Ciro en el aÃ±o 558 a.c. El clima jubilar despues de pasar pruebas y peligros aflora en los labios cantos de alegrÃa. Es una prueba nÃtida de la existencia eficaz y poderosa de Dios presente y activo en nuestra historia: âEl SeÃ±or ha estado grande con nosotrosâ (v. 3).
Los mÃ©dicos actuaron con diligencia sin pronosticar que la fe superarÃa sus diagnÃ³sticos. El SeÃ±or ha sido bueno con nosotros, hagamos una lectura de los hechos o del cuadro mÃ©dico:
- El viaje fue tranquilo, nos divertimos, soÃ±amos, en algÃºn momento lloramos. La decepciÃ³n y las heridas pasan por una mirada renovadora e inteligente, todos queremos ser felices y llevamos nuestra propia cruz. En esta experiencia Dios nos quiere en el momento oportuno.
- MamÃ¡ y papÃ¡ en sus mÃ¡s de 40 aÃ±os de matrimonio deciden, a su estilo, estar o no. Ese dÃa decidieron pasar directamente a la encaÃ±ada, pero tambiÃ©n el corazÃ³n les jalÃ³ a quedarse y almorzar con la familia. Si continuaban su viaje la historia serÃa muy triste.
- Se desmayÃ³ en el terminal de la E.T. Diaz, con curiosos y desesperaciÃ³n, se presentÃ³ un mÃ©dico y diagnosticÃ³ un paro respiratorio lo cual fue suficiente para sacar el punche de Elsa y llevarla al hospital. Sin las palabras del mÃ©dico se habrÃa pensado en un ligero desmayo de los varios que sucedieron.
- El taxi les llevÃ³ al hospital, el Seguro Social habrÃa sido mÃ¡s lento por la congestiÃ³n vehicular. En el hospital se encontraban varios mÃ©dicos, los necesarios para ayudar y conocidos para recordar.
- Decidieron entubarla pese a llegar sin signos vitales. Solicitaron las famosas ampollas para diluir los trombos. Aunque el tiempo se vencÃa pero lograron conseguirlas. El peligro de la hemorragia cerebral fue superada y aunque estÃ¡bamos esperando la noticia final no la querÃamos ni pensar.
- Ese dÃa mostraron la capacidad para hacer grandes cosas en uniÃ³n. Fue una gran revelaciÃ³n de la calidad de familia que tenemos.
- Ese momento personas desconocidas, como buenos samaritanos, nos ayudaron a levantarnos, nos infundieron esperanza, no nos sentimos solos. Conseguir cama en el Seguro Social no es fÃ¡cil, adecuaron la cama en Trauma Shock y en esa decisiÃ³n difÃcil nadie sacÃ³ cuerpo para trasladarla con firmeza.
- Encontrar profesionales que ayudaron y daban aliento de vida. Una enfermera que sufriÃ³ el mismo cuadro y con su cuerpo de cristal se fortaleciÃ³ para cuidar a las madres que ella en su momento no pudo salvar. Aquellos que nos botaron de la sala y los que entendÃan nuestra angustia nos han enseÃ±ado que Dios ha estado grande con nosotros.
- Cada minuto, coordinaciÃ³n para no quitar la mirada, alertas a la medicina. Desde nuestra invasiÃ³n de las bancas en la sala de espera como madre obsesiva orÃ¡bamos y esperÃ¡bamos manifestaciones de vida.
- Ha sido la ocasiÃ³n para que papÃ¡ y mamÃ¡ vayan aceptando la edad, asumiendo un nuevo rol. Para saber que nuestros proyectos egoÃstas tienen un tronco que cualquier intento de desvinculaciÃ³n nos hace perder piso porque nos desnaturaliza.
Muchos signos seguramente obviados en esta pequeÃ±a oraciÃ³n de agradecimiento. âPor algo serÃ¡â Â¿CÃ³mo dar esperanza y motivar a la fe a muchas personas que a diario lloran la impotencia de no salvar a sus seres queridos?
En este contexto, recuerdo que un 18 de enero el Papa Francisco se encontrÃ³ con miles de jÃ³venes en los patios de la Pontificia Universidad de Santo TomÃ¡s en Manila, Filipinas, sin imaginar que la las lÃ¡grimas de una niÃ±a le harÃa cambiar el discurso preparado y darle una respuesta que fue como un bÃ¡lsamo para las penas.
âÂ¿Por quÃ© Dios permite que pase esto, si los niÃ±os no tienen la culpa? Â¿Y por quÃ© nos ayudan tan pocas personas?â El Papa dijo que no tiene respuesta racional pero que cuando el corazÃ³n alcanza a hacerse la pregunta y a llorar, podemos entender algo. Se refiriÃ³ a la compasiÃ³n mundana porque sÃ³lo lleva a sacar una moneda del bolsillo, esa no vale para nada, pues Cristo mismo llorÃ³ porque entendiÃ³ nuestros dramas.
Nos hace falta llorar, seguramente CREER. âQueridos chicos y chicas, al mundo de hoy le falta llorar. Lloran los marginados, lloran aquellos que son dejados de lado, lloran los despreciados; pero, aquellos que llevamos una vida mÃ¡s o menos sin necesidades, no sabemos llorarâ.
Muchos lloran sÃ³lo por dinero y ambiciÃ³n. âCiertas realidades de la vida se ven solamente con los ojos limpios por las lÃ¡grimas. Los invito a que cada uno se pregunte: âÂ¿Yo aprendÃ a llorar? Â¿Yo aprendÃ a llorar cuando veo un niÃ±o con hambre, un niÃ±o drogado en la calle, un niÃ±o que no tiene casa, un niÃ±o abandonado, un niÃ±o abusado, un niÃ±o usado por una sociedad como esclavo?â. Â¿O mi llanto es el llanto caprichoso de aquel que llora porque le gustarÃa tener algo mÃ¡s?
âJesÃºs, en el Evangelio, llorÃ³. LlorÃ³ por el amigo muerto. LlorÃ³ en su corazÃ³n por esa familia que habÃa perdido a su hija. LlorÃ³ en su corazÃ³n cuando vio a esa pobre madre viuda que llevaba a enterrar a su hijo. Se conmoviÃ³ y llorÃ³ en su corazÃ³n cuando vio a la multitud como ovejas sin pastor. Si ustedes no aprenden a llorar, no son un buen cristiano. Y Ã©ste es un desafÃo. [â¦] hoy nos han planteado este desafÃo.
Sin duda, en aquellos momentos nos dimos espacio para llorar, para orar, para fortalecer la fe. Este corazÃ³n agradecido y creyente no desmaye en el egoÃsmo. La vida es mÃ¡s que la acumulaciÃ³n individualista, mÃ¡s que el opio de la decidÃa.
Quiero agradecer a cada uno de la familia, de los amigos, de los amigos que preguntaban y visitaban a âdoÃ±a Militaâ. A todos los que nos acompaÃ±aron con sus oraciones. Aunque mamÃ¡ Mila dice que no recuerda nada pero sÃ vio la cantidad de niÃ±os bailando como pastorcitas de navidad, sÃ, es una seÃ±al de miles de Ã¡ngeles que se unieron a nuestras oraciones. Por es, el SeÃ±or ha estado grande con nosotros y estamos alegres.
|The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-06-2017 with Indra Raj||
Rolling Blackouts Coastal Fever- French Press - The French Press EP
Damaged Bug- Bog Dash - Bunker Funk
- voicebreak -
Janka Nabay The Bubu Gang- Bubu Dub - Build Music
Chicano Batman- Passed By You - Freedom Is Free
Ibibio Sound Machine- The Chant Iquo Isang - Uyai
- voicebreak -
KAYTRANADA- BULLETS feat Little Dragon - 999
Tinariwen- Sastanqqm - Elwan
Moderat- Running - III
- voicebreak -
ADOR- Let It All Hang Out - The Concrete
Zimbabwe Legit- To Bead Or Not To Bead - Brothers From The Mother
John Arnold- Neighborhood Science - Neighborbood Science
- voicebreak -
Naomi Shelton The Gospel Queens- Lift My Burdens - What Have You Done My Brother
Raphael Saadiq- Movin Down The Line - Stone Rollin
Bob Theile And His Happy Good Times Orchestra- Fakin It - Light My Fire
The LA Four- Sundancers - Scores
- voicebreak -
Elmore James- The Sky Is Crying - The Sky Is Crying
Karrie Potter- You Cant Just Take Our Homes Away - We Wont Move Songs Of The Tenants Movement
Shinichi Suzuki Artist Unknown- Etude - Suzuki Violin School Vol 1
Bill Blacks Combo- The Funky Train - Black With Sugar
Mongo Santamaria- I Wanna Know Live Montreux Jazz Festival 1971 - Mongo At Montreaux Live
- voicebreak -
Sonny Charles And The Checkmates Ltd- Black Pearl - Love Is All We Have To Give
James Brown- Get Up Off That Thing Live - Live In New York
Charlie Whitehead The Swamp Dogg Band- Help God Help America - Charlie Whitehead The Swamp Dogg Band Remastered
Eddy Grant- Living On The Frontline - Walking On Sunshine
Steel Pulse- Unseen Guest - Tribute To The Martyrs
- voicebreak -
KyMani Marley- Keepers Of The Light feat Damian Jr Gong Marley - Maestro
Desmond Dekker The Aces- It Mek - Israelites The Best Of Desmond Dekker
Iggy The Stooges- Search And Destroy - Raw Power
Toro Y Moi- Still Sound - Underneath The Pine
playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-04-06
|07.10.17 19:30 Uhr - NÃ¼rnberg - Konzert: Hawa Naschira!||Der Chor der Israelitschen Kultusgemeinde hat sich 2015 in NÃ¼rnberg gegrÃ¼ndet. Die SÃ¤nger verbindet die Liebe zur Musik und der Wunsch, jÃ¼disches Liedgut zu verbreiten und zu erhalten. Auch ein Grund, warum der Chor die Musik Israels aus verschiedenen Epochen auf HebrÃ¤isch singt. Die Chorgemeinschaft ist international, der Chorleiter, Arkadij Pevtsov, kommt aus der Ukraine, hat am Kiever Konservatorium studiert und viele Jahre als Dirigent in Odessa gearbeitet. Nach diversen Gastauftritten gibt der Chor im Pellerhof sein erstes Solokonzert.|
SautÃ©ed Chicken (in olive oil and minced garlic)
Sliced Red Onion
Sun Dried Tomatoes in Olive Oil
Kalamon (Kalamata) Olives
Feta Cheese (I found some made in Israel - from Trader Joe's)
*As Mary Jane says, use organic ingredients, if possible.
Toss it all together and serve in the garden in the late afternoon sun.
Cottonwood fluff optional.
|The Afternoon Sound Alternative 01-05-2017 with Cal Huss||
Patti Smith- Gloria - HorsesHorses
Lucy Dacus- Troublemaker Doppelgnger - No Burden
Courtney Barnett- Avant Gardener - The Double EP A Sea Of Split Peas
- voicebreak -
Drakkar Nowhere- Higher Now - Drakkar Nowhere
Heaters- Centennial - Baptistina
Velcro Lewis Group- Look At What Youve Done - Jamming The Trump Agenda A Sonic Fundraiser For The Aclu Sierra Club
- voicebreak -
BADBADNOTGOOD- Time Moves Slow feat Sam Herring - IV
Cairobi- Gristly Words - Gristly Words Single
Stereolab- Dear Marge - Margerine Eclipse
Susso- Ansumana - Keira
- voicebreak -
Ry Cooder Manuel Galban- Drume Negrita - Mambo Sinuendo
Cass McCombs- Three Men Sitting On A Hollow Log - A Folk Set Apart
Jessica Lea Mayfield- Grown Man - Tell Me
Califone- Alice Marble Gray - All My Friends Are Funeral Singers
Damien Jurado- Silver Timothy - Brothers And Sisters Of The Eternal Son
- voicebreak -
The New Mystikal Troubadours- The Hustle - La Rock
Wand- Dungeon Dropper - 1000 Days
Dungen- Panda - Ta Det Lugnt
Howlin Wolf- Moanin For My Baby - Moanin In The Moonlight
- voicebreak -
The Mahotella Queens- Wozani Mahipi - Next Stop Soweto Vol 2 Soultown RB Funk Psych Sounds From The Townships 19691976 Bonus Track Version
Erasmo Carlos- Mane Joao - Pure Brazil Samba Soul Groove
Francis Bebey- Sanza Tristesse - Psychedelic Sanza
Shye Ben Tzur Jonny Greenwood The Rajasthan Express- Junun - Junun
- voicebreak -
David Murray The GwoKa Masters- Gwotet feat Pharoah Sanders Radio Edit - Gwotet feat Pharoah Sanders
Adrian Orange Her Band- Interdependance Dance - Adrian Orange Her Band
DAngelo And The Vanguard- Till Its Done Tutu - Black Messiah
Drugdealer- Suddenly feat Weyes Blood - The End Of Comedy
- voicebreak -
Boca 45- In The City feat Stephanie McKay - Pitch Sounds
Roger Hatcher- Im A Junkie For Your Love - R Better
Nkengas- Nkenga Special - Destruction
Nico Gomez And His Afro Percussions Inc- Pa Pa Pa Pa - Ritual
- voicebreak -
The Alchemist- Turn This Sht Up Pt 1 - Israeli Salad
Diamond And The Psychotic Neurotics- Stunts Blunts Hip Hop - Stunts Blunts Hip Hop
Gabor Szabo- Bang Bang My Baby Shot Me Down - Spellbinder
playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-01-05
|An Israeli military court has rejected the interest of a trooper for murdering an injured Palestinian aggressor.||Elor Azaria was discovered liable in January of homicide over the March 2016 shooting of Abdul Fatah al-Sharif, 21, in Hebron, in the involved West Bank. Azaria had told a partner that Sharif, who had wounded another fighter, “demand to bite the dust”. Israeli military boss denounced his activities, however others commended them. Azaria – a sergeant and military surgeon – had bid against the decision, while the arraignment was requesting an expanded sentence. And also dismissing his allure, the court chose Azaria’s 18-month sentence should stand, saying that his adaptation of occasions had been temperamental. His “unique reason” for |
|23.10.17 19:00 Uhr - NÃ¼rnberg - Theaterhaus Stuttgart: "Ich werde nicht hassen"||Tickets erhÃ¤ltlich unter: http://www.frankentipps.de/veranstaltung205701-tickets|
von Izzeldin Abuelaish
in einer Monologfassung fÃ¼r die BÃ¼hne von Silvia Armbruster und Ernst Konarek
"Am 16. Januar 2009 um 16:45 Uhr wurden israelische Panzergranaten in das Schlafzimmer meiner TÃ¶chter gefeuert. Bess