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          Hospitals and local physicians are noticing a spike in the no of respiratory cases in the city        
by Shrutee K/DNS

Mumbai, August 10th, 2017: The rains have arrived and so is the number of diseases along with it. People are aware of the most common ailments such as viral fever, the common cold, malaria, typhoid, diarrhoea, etc. But very few are aware of the respiratory ailments that stems from indoor air pollution in monsoon caused by the dampness in the walls, fungus from air conditioners, floor carpets, velvet upholsteries, sofa covers, wooden furniture harboring fungus, etc. The Hospitals and local physicians in the city have noticed a spike in the no. of cases with respiratory problems. Suspended Particulate Matter is the main trigger of damage in air Pollution. Other contents like SO2, ammonia, carbon, polyaromatic hydrocarbons add to the toxicity. Air pollutants which are less than 10 microns in size enter the smaller airways and causes damage. This may trigger cough, breathing difficulty, choking, chest tightness and Asthma.

Taking adequate precautions are one of the best ways to avoid monsoon-related ailments. All age groups are affected because of air pollution; however, there is a definite rise in asthma and lung infections among children. Also, elderly and diabetics are at a risk of lung infection because of air pollution. Avoiding floor carpets, velvet upholsteries, stuffed toys, burning incense sticks at home and regular cleaning of air conditioner filters are some of the precautions that can be taken to avoid indoor air pollution during the monsoon.

Mr. Girish Bapat, Blueair air purifier, Director West and South Asia Region further added, “Our mission at Blueair is to help Indian women, children and men confront the health challenges posed by rising air pollution. It is very essential to identify the Invisible dangers. Breathing in tiny, unseen pollutants put every individual at risk. These pollutants further pass through the lung tissue and puts you at risk of stroke, heart disease and developing Asthma, Allergy, Bronchitis, Infection and other respiratory problems. Getting acquainted of personal health records, heart rate and blood sugar level, is the best way to safeguard long-term health issues by classifying troublesome concerns at the earliest.”

Blueair’s air purifiers are innovated in Sweden to put people in control of their own air quality with superior filtration efficiency. Sold in over 60 countries around the world, Blueair delivers home and office users cleaner indoor air for enhanced user health and wellbeing faster than any competing air purifier thanks to its commitment to quality, energy efficiency and environmental care. A Blueair air purifier works efficiently and silently to remove airborne allergens, asthma triggers, viruses, bacteria and other pollutants.

          A nonprofit's guide to online security: So you want to learn the lingo?        
This year marks the 25th anniversary of the World Wide Web becoming publicly available. For many of us, this is a reminder of just how much the Internet has transformed our daily lives. This rings true for nonprofits too: The Internet has revolutionized the way that nonprofits communicate, fundraise, and recruit volunteers. It has enabled nonprofits like yours to share their mission with a global audience. To raise awareness. And to change the world. 

But the power of the Internet also comes with great responsibility -- namely the need to keep information safe and secure. As a nonprofit, it can be difficult to keep up with online security, especially when terminology seems complicated. Yes, you might have heard of terms like “phishing” or “cookies,” but what do they mean?

Today, you can find the answers to your questions with our quick & easy to guide to online security terminology. In less than five minutes, you’ll be well on the way to helping keep your nonprofit safe on the Internet. 

Let’s get started! Here’s a quick guide to familiarize yourself with common lingo and learn how to distinguish terms that are friends vs foes in the online security realm. 


  • Advanced Fee Fraud (419 scams): A technique which tricks users into sending or paying money to fraudsters on the promise of receiving greater rewards afterwards. It is most commonly associated with Nigeria, and 419 is the section of the Nigerian legal code that covers this fraud.
  • Botnet: A network of computers that are infected with malicious software without users’ knowledge, used to send viruses and spam to other computers.
  • Malware: Malicious software with the purpose of infecting devices and systems, gathering personal information, gaining access to systems or disrupting the operations of the device or systems. Essentially, any software that maliciously alters or compromises the system or device.
  • Phishing / Social Engineering Attack: An attempt by hackers who pose as trustworthy individuals or businesses in order to get your personal information such as usernames, passwords, and financial information.
  • Trojans: Malicious programs posing as or bundled with legitimate ones, which are designed to compromise your system. They are usually installed on computers from opening attachments in scam emails or by visiting infected websites. The term comes from the Trojan Horse in Greek mythology.

How to avoid social engineering attacks


  • [Internet] Cookie: A piece of data from a visited website and stored in the user's web browser in order to remember information that the user has entered or engaged with such as items in a shopping basket on an e-commerce site.
  • Encryption: The process of encoding data, messages, or information, such that only authorized parties can read it.
  • Firewall: A security system used to block hackers, viruses, and other malicious threats to your computer. It does this by acting as a barrier, acting on predetermined rules, which allows trusted traffic but blocks untrusted or non-secure traffic. 
  • HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol): is the protocol for secure communications over a computer network used on the Internet. It essentially provides authentication of the website and the web servers associated with it. 
  • Transport Layer Security (TLS): TLS is a protocol that encrypts and delivers mail securely, both for inbound and outbound mail traffic. It helps prevent eavesdropping between mail servers – keeping your messages private while they're moving between email providers. 
  • Two Factor Authentication / Two Step Verification: A method of using an additional process to verify your identity online. It combines both ‘something you know’ (like a password) and ‘something you have’ (like your phone or security key) — similar to withdrawing money from an ATM/cash machine, where you need both your PIN and your bank card.

That’s a wrap for now! Pass on these tips to your nonprofit partners to stay safe and secure online, so you can focus on what matters most: changing the world. 


To see if your nonprofit is eligible to participate, review the Google for Nonprofits eligibility guidelines. Google for Nonprofits offers organizations like yours access to Google tools like Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Google Ad Grants, YouTube for Nonprofits and more at no charge. These tools can help you reach new donors and volunteers, work more efficiently, and tell your nonprofit’s story. Learn more and enroll here.

          Malware: How we are Infected [InfoGraphic]        
So you have a computer, but if it was infected with a virus, what would you do? Would you even know it was there? It is a well-known fact that over 32% of all computers in the world have malware of some sort. Today we will be talking about the infamous computer virus and what it is.

So let's start with something you all have probably heard of, Malware. Malware is a program made to infiltrate your computer, disable parts of it, and thus gain access to your hard drive, search history and such to aid with stealing information. However, there are other types of malware out there. Let's get to know them and how much of the 32% they infect.

At 57%, first we have the virus. This is a software that has the capability to copy itself and send itself into other folders. Then there is the "Trojan" at 21%. The Trojan is malicious software that hides on the internet disguised as some sort of program or free item, and ce you download it, you will soon discover it is malicious. But the Trojan has a brother at 7%, called the "Trojan Downloader". This type of virus does the same thing as the simple Trojan, but once on your computer it downloads more viruses and software, then begins to use those programs.

Then at 3% there is the "Exploit", which finds a glitch, bug or system error and uses that to hack into your computer. Next we have the "Worm" at 2%, this malicious bug works the same as a Trojan, but then copies and pastes itself across your computer network.

But not all viruses seem so bad when you get them, for instance the "Adware" at 3%. This type of virus infects your computer so nothing happens at first, but once you log into your web browser, then immediately your screen will be flooded with ads. There is also the "Monitoring Tool" with 2% of the 32% infected. This malware infects your computer and hides, not doing anything but monitoring your activity, (Search history, keyboard history etc.) and then sends those back to a remote server.

There is also one of the worst at 1%, the "Back Door". This virus infects your computer remotely, not allowing your anti-virus security to even detect it, but sure enough it does. And lastly we have one of the worst but luckily at a low percentage of 0.01%, "Spyware". This diabolically designed software infects your computer and takes the most important pieces of information it can find and sends it back to wherever it came from. This information is generally passwords, credit card numbers and other sensitive information.
All of these viruses have devastating effects. Last year there were 27 million strains of malware made, which means 74,000 new viruses are created every day. The number of homes in the United States that experience spam is 24 million. The number of homes with serious viruses in the last 2 years is 16 million, and the number of houses that had spyware in the last 6 months is 6 million. But most devastating of all, over 1 million of all homes have lost money to spyware in the last year. Another devastating fact is that Viruses cost the world 4.55 billion USD every year.

So be safe, don't download anything you are unsure of, and be sure to have an anti-virus software. But most importantly learn how to detect these programs when you get them.

          WhatsApp spam used by ASProx Botnet to Deliver Kuluoz Malware        


Photo by: Sean MacEntee

As you probably know, Facebook bought WhatsApp for an obscene amount of money in stock earlier this year. What you might not know is that there's a lot of WhatsApp spam that is being used by ASProx Botnet to deliver nasty Kuluoz malware to unsuspecting  users. This is not good news any way you look at the situation. Keep reading if you want to know more about this as well as what you should do to stay safe.

Here's a look at some of the dates when the WhatsApp problem has made Malcovery's "Today's Top Threats" list.

  1. SEPTEMBER 19, 23, 24, 25, 26
  2. OCTOBER 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 16, 17, 18, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25
  3. NOVEMBER 14
  4. JANUARY 9, 13, 15, 20, 28

Looking at that list, it's easy to start wondering why nothing has been done sooner about the problem. Additionally, it really makes you wonder why Facebook paid so much for the company by offering them stock options.

Going back to November of last year, ComputerWorld published an article about how WhatsApp was one of the top five brands imitated to deliver malware with spam. That's quite a bit of recognition - and not in a good way.

Here's a look at some specific ways you can stay safe and avoid Kuluoz and other malware.

  • Use Protection - The very first thing you want to do is make sure you're using some type of protection. The good news is that you don't need to spend a lot of money to get decent anti-virus software these days.
  • Update Protection - Having protection software is nice, but if you never update it at all, you're going to find that there's still a high chance your computer will get infected and quit working correctly.
  • Be Suspicious - If you're not sure of something online, you want to err on the side of caution and not take any unnecessary risks. Even with a brand like WhatsApp - that's connected to Facebook now - you want to be very careful and know what you're doing.
  • Educate Yourself - Last but most certainly not least, you should make an effort to stay informed about how malware works and the steps you can take to protect yourself from it whenever possible. This is really the best way you can make sure your computer stays safe and virus free.

Following the advice above, there's a good chance you'll be able to avoid WhatsApp spam and not get infected with Kuluoz malware. Still, it's a good idea to pay attention and update your anti-virus software all the time. If you have any experience with WhatsApp that's negative, please leave us a comment below. 

Guest Post - 
Written by: Jenny Corteza deals with staff outsourcing all the time. She's a writer and dealing with editors and others can sometimes be a problem. Still, she loves writing articles about technology. Go figure.

          How To Speed Up Your Computer with Optimo Pro        
Computer users are inundated with tribulations frequently. The way you eat food to keep you going and to keep you fit, likewise, computer machine also needs maintenance every now and then. Your body demands food to keep you going. So how can your computer lag behind? Computer optimization is the buzz word. Everyone wants to speed up computer to reap more benefits.

Regular holdups that stall the computer’s performance become a complete nuisance. Virus attacks, malware intrusions, Trojan horse, and other cruel problems slow down the speed of your system. But most of the users find it difficult to understand the problem and resolve them. What you require is good quality pc cleaner that deals with junk files, registry errors and much more.
Quite a few PC cleaners are doing the rounds in the market, some fake and some real. Fake ones rather than solving any setback embed a set of virus and infections that results in loss of time and money. Real ones effectively optimize your computer system that helps speed up computer.
Optimo Pro is software that comes with more than one program. They scan the computer within minutes and help the customer get back to work. Within months of its launch, Optimo Pro has had immense outreach and has helped computer users, be it consumers or business. The increased usage of Optimo Pro has been phenomenal.

What all it does?

  • Removes data footprints from at least 25 browsers
  • Protects your confidentiality
  • Wipes and cleanses up to 25 browsers like Google Chrome, Safari, Firefox
  • Takes care of the clutter that clogs the system
  • Features:
  • Windows Registry cleaner
  • Apps Errors cleaner
  • Files cleaner
  • Browser cleaner
  • Short cut cleaner
  • Trace cleaner
  • Registry Optimizer
  • Junk Files cleaner
  • PC Optimizer
  • Complete computer cleaning software

All these apps work in tandem with each other and help increase the speed of your PC. A PC cleaner acts a scrubber that scrubs manifold parts of the computer and helps keep it in good shape. Be it fixing your registry or cleaning junk files, it does all.
With the kind of success Optimo Pro has gathered, it becomes worthwhile to at least give it a try. Download Optimo Pro from  and make use of the trial version. Our customer service number is 1-800-413-1289. You can ask any question and we will be more than happy to serve you.

About the Author
Anna Asthesia is chief technial head in & working from last 5 years. She likes to write article on windows registry , computer problems & how to find genuine online tech support for Laptops, Computers & Smartphones.You can read her latest blogs on

          Uncircumcised boys face more urinary infections        
Infections of the kidney, bladder and urethra happen in uncircumcised baby boys at ten times the rate of circumcised boys, and over a lifetime uncircumcised men are four times more likely to experience one, according to a new analysis of past research.
          Two HIV patients now virus-free. Is this a cure?        
Two men unlucky enough to get both HIV and cancer have been seemingly cleared of the virus, raising hope that science may yet find a way to cure for the infection that causes AIDS, 30 years into the epidemic.
          Suspect in hepatitis C outbreak was fired in Ariz.        

This undated photo provided  by the U.S. Attorney's Office in New Hampshire shows David Kwiatkowski, a former lab technician at Exeter, N.H., Hospital, arrested at a hospital in Massachusetts where he is receiving medical treatment.  Kwiatkowski, originally from Michigan, was charged Thursday, July 19, 2012, with causing a hepatitis C outbreak involving at least 30 patients who were treated at Exeter Hospital's cardiac catheterization lab. (AP Photo/U.S. Attorney's Office)A dozen hospitals in seven states are scrambling to identify people who might have been infected with hepatitis C by a traveling medical technician who was charged a week ago with causing an outbreak in New Hampshire.

          Protecting Our Houses of Worship: Guest Column by Security Expert / Retired NYPD Detective Sergeant         


Founder & Chief Executive Officer

  • Integrated Security Services

  • According to the Washington Post, “it’s been a bad 2017 for Jews.” During the month of January, 48 bomb threats were called in to Jewish community centers across the country. Also last month, a neo-Nazi made national news by promising to hold a march in Whitefish, Montana to intimidate the town’s small Jewish population.

    This, of course, was followed by another unprecedented press conference by our President during which two reporters were moved to ask Mr. Trump about the rise in anti-Semitism. Many of us were aghast at the President’s rude and dismissive response, and his unwillingness to address the question seriously. The fact is, the country is experiencing an alarming increase of anti-Semitic incidents, and this has been trending upward since 2015. A security report issued by the Department of Homeland Security on protecting houses of worship stated that the United States has approximately 345,000 religious congregations representing 230 denominational groups and roughly 150 million members. Despite being sanctuaries from the troubles of the world, houses of worship have also been targets as violence has spiked across the country in recent years. The killing of nine people at Emanuel A.M.E. Church in Charleston, South Carolina was the largest mass shooting in a house of worship since 1991, when nine people were shot at the Wat Promkunaram Buddhist temple in Waddell, Arizona, northwest of Phoenix.

    [Under relentless pressure, the President subsequently denounced anti-Semitism.]

  • Empathy and action: Muslims unite to help fix vandalized Jewish cemeteries

  • The intent of this column is to generate awareness and provide a short guide which contains security practices for religious institutions, parishioners and our non religious communities to help deter threats, mitigate hazards and risks, and minimize the damage caused by an incident in or around a house of worship, including mass casualty events.

    I preface with the word “short” because there is a wide range of methods from programmatic and procedural considerations to technological enhancements that religious facilities and their leadership may consider implementing based upon the most likely threats to their facilities and their available resources. Basic security principals would suggest taking a blended approach to security and safety with the goal of hardening the facility to deter, detect and/or delay a criminal occurrence before it happens. The next steps are equally important and this is where lives are saved and mass casualties are reduced. Selecting the appropriate response to a threat or armed intrusion will help facilitate a safe transition into an effective recovery and restoration of services mode.

    Identifying Your Threats & Vulnerabilities

    Identifying and evaluating a known or potential threat to a given facility is the first step of a security assessment. The results of which will guide the process of developing a security plan. A proper readiness plan will aim to deter a threat or mitigate a threat by reducing the religious facility’s vulnerability to those threats.

    Natural Hazards vs. Targeted Violence

    As stated before, all life safety solutions should be designed using a blended approach to managing risk. Protecting a religious facility means your emergency management plan(s) must address an all-hazard approach to both natural hazards, e.g., infectious diseases and illnesses, fire, and seismic and weather-related events (hurricanes, tornadoes, flash floods) as well as targeted attacks. Spontaneous and pre-planned attacks are likely to occur by individual(s) who use firearms; improvised explosive devices (IEDs); vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs); chemical, biological, or radiological attacks; or arson in order to inflict a number of casualties and damage to religious facilities.

    Protective Measures

    As previously mentioned earlier, a house of worship environment is managed by creating layers of protective measures in collaboration with state and local partners that allow religious institutions to deter, detect and delay threats. These layers also allow an institution to consider a threat as soon as possible and to more effectively respond to, further deter, eliminate or mitigate that threat.

    • Technological sensors such as CCTV surveillance cameras or alarms (fire, smoke, wind, and intrusion detection) will trigger informed decision-making.

    • Barriers, such as locked doors or fixed barriers or uniform security personnel should be in place to deter or delay a threat and afford more time for effective decision making.

    • Having the correct inbound and outbound communication network in place will influence a number key decisions. Time, or the lack of time, is a principle disrupter of effective decision-making. Sound communication strategies such as emergency email blasts, voice activated alert systems, and silent alert systems help to improve response to and during a crisis. An effective communication protocol should expand the window of time available to leaders to make sound decisions.

    Additional Measures to Consider:

    • Reporting Procedures

    • Establishing Collaborative Planning Teams

    • Starting an Emergency Operations Plan

    • Define Roles and Responsibilities

    • Notification Procedures

    • Evacuation Lockdown and Shelter‐In‐Place Policies and Procedures

    • Plans for Diverse Needs of Children and Staff

    • Necessary Equipment and Supplies

    • Common Vocabulary

    • Emergency Drills

    Call us at (212) 808-4153, or write us to tell what you think or how we can be of more assistance and remember, always dial 911 first in an emergency!

  • Integrated Security Services

  • About Alan Schissel

  • Cool Justice Editor’s Note: By way of disclosure, Cool Justice is an occasional denizen of Integrated’s Hartford office and once in a while even does a little work …


  • Hartford PI Stars in Network Real-Life Manhunt Show

  •           My Little Herb Garden         
    Treasures from the mountain

    The last two weeks I've delved right into exploring the medicinal wild plants that grow around here. For a short time I had a herbalist to show and share with me some of this wealth of plant wisdom. Now that this guide is gone, I'm lead only by the pleasantly infectious inspiration. There is an overwhelming abundance that is going to provide me with a lifetime of learning (according to Floral Palestina, this land is blessed with close to 2,700 species of wild plants!). I've been hiking in the surrounding areas and conservatively collecting branches for slips and re-planting in my little herbal garden. This of course will is part of the Perfumer's Botanical Garden I'm establishing around the studio.

    I'm showing you the early beginning, although they look quite unimpressive on camera. In person they have the charm of new beginnings as well as virgin strip of land and stony terrain and distant view of the Mediterranean; I am also delighted by the gentle healing energy that emanates from the plants for those who connect to these types of being. And for those who find it more difficult to connect to plants that way - the scents that each provide speak for themselves. Even a little stroke on each plant will give off the scent and you can mix and match to create your own "finger perfume".

    Morning in the medicinal herb garden

    From the wild, I've adopted some amazing plants - both old and new to me, that grow on the mountain behind my house. So all in all, my botanical collection is rapidly growing - even beyond the original wishlist I've created. And I'm rather happy with it.

    From my slip foraging, I managed to keep alive a couple of types of germanders - Cretan germander (Teucrium creticum), which looks a lot like rosemary but smells completely different - more like olive leaf, actually, and likewise has an intensely bitter taste; and cat-thyme germander (Teucrium capitatum), which has a sweet, almost resinous fragrant silvery foliage. The latter is highly medicinal and rivals only the local wild sage (Salvia fruticosa), more of the Savory of Crete (Satureja thymbra) and a similar plant, with an almost identical flavour and fragrance that has flowers with a structure similar to Lavandula dentata, which is called Spiked Savoury (Thymbra spicata). It would be difficult to find information online in English on many of these plants because they are unique to Israel.  I've also adopted some cistus plants, although they are not the Cistus ladaniferus I am seeking but two other local species that are not as resinous, yet somewhat fragrant depending on the season. And I am crossing my fingers that two seedlings of bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) that my herbalist guide carefully uprooted from the wadi (dry creek) floor, will also survive and make it to the miniature forest I want to create behind the perfume studio. And most immortally - I am hoping that the two little twigs of Israeli Thyme (Coridothymus capitatus) that we found on the rocky North beach will grow up some roots and flourish. They are quite rare site here inland, and in fact a protected species. They have a striking look when they get mature and an intense yet slightly floral aroma that I love. It truly deserves a post of its own, with photos and all. Along with Origanum syriacum (also grown in my garden), the other varieties of thyme and savoury I mentioned before, some sumac and sesame seeds it forms the spice mixture called "Za'atar" that some of you may be familiar with from Lebanese grocery stores and Middle Eastern restaurants.

    Thymbra spicata צתרנית משובלת

    Naturally growing wild in my garden is also white horehound (Marrubium vulgare), a highly medicinal plant that grows in astounding abundance, several mastic bushes and probably more plants that I did not know were medicinal but will find out later. There are also still two plants that I found on the mountain to make slips that I haven't identified yet, so the search is not over. Lastly, I scattered seeds of blood helicrysum, a local wild plant (Helichrysum sanguinum) which I also hope will come out next winter. By that time I hope I will forget about it altogether so it will just be a pleasant surprise...

    Dam HaMakabim (Helicrysum sanguinum) coming into seed

    Lastly, to be fair and square, I promised to tell you which plants I put in from the nursery (the ones my brother brought me), so that you know if you guessed it right. They were several types of lavender (mountain Savory of Crete (Satureja thymbra), several types of lavender (Lavandula pinnate, L. dentate, L. angustifolia), one artemisia and - to my utmost excitement - two immortelles (Helicrysum italicum), often called "curry plant".

    Morning in the medicinal herb garden

    Also you should know, that among those who participated in this context, we got two worthy winners who will receive a sample kit of all my herbaceous fragrances,  are Ruby Clover and Melissa Menard. The kit includes ArbitRary for the basil, Ayalitta for the sage, Immortelle l'Amour for the immortelle of course, l'Herbe Rouge for the lemongrass, hay and lavender and Lovender - which is quite obvious. I've also included a sniff-peak of Inbar, my new, wild-oregano infused amber concoction which is not even for sale quite yet :-)

    Putting together the kits made me also realize how little attention I've been giving the herbaceous notes.

              Cabut Gigi Bongsu di Hospital Putrajaya - Part 2        
    Salam korang... Panjang ye post ni, Wanie cuba recall dan cerita setiap yang terjadi.

    Sekarang jam 1.42am. Dalam previous post, Wanie ada citer nak undergo surgery after raya kan? Tak jadi... tapi di awalkan sebab Wanie dah tak tahan sakit menanggung derita angkara gigi bongsu tu. Jadinya, Selasa minggu lepas bersamaan 13hb June, Wanie selamat menjalani surgery bius penuh untuk buang 4 batang gigi bongsu.

    Few days sebelum hari pembedahan tu, hospital akan call tanya kesihatan kita macam mana. Yes, tak boleh sakit macam demam ke apa ke, surgery akan postpone kalau sakit. Alhamdulillah, Wanie sihat. So, start 12 tengah malam, Wanie dah berpuasa. Next morning tu, Wanie orang ketiga dan last yang register di Wad Harian dan seusai "check in", terus tukar pakai baju hospital warna hijau tu. 2 orang sebelum Wanie pun nak surgery gigi bongsu juga. Pakar bius datang one by one kat kitorang nak cucuk macam nak drip air tu, tapi macam biasalah, urat Wanie ni dah lah halus, tak jumpa pula. So, doktor skip dulu. Lega lah juga, sementara tunggu turn dipanggil, Wanie tido sekejap. Sorry ye, tak dapat ingat exact time sebab gelabah yakmatt! Hahahaha~~

    Dalam pukul 12 kot, turn Wanie sampai. Diorang minta Wanie tukar pakai baju warna putih dan penutup kepala tu dan berjalan ke dewan bedah. Kat situ, Wanie diminta berbaring dan pakar bius berjaya cucuk kali ni, tapi bukan belakang tangan macam biasa kita tengok, tapi ini dekat pelipat siku tu. Berdebar sangat... tak lama menunggu dan Wanie terus ditolak masuk ke dalam bilik bedah yang sejukkkkkkkk sampai menggigil (gigil takut pun rasanya ada jugak.. hahahaha). Tapi doktor situ friendly, dorang tahu kita sejuk, so dorang cover badan kita dengan ape tah, untuk kurangkan kesejukan katanya. Time tu mata dah terkebil-kebil tengok lampu operation tu. Takut oiii!! Ada seorang pakar bius tu, terhantuk kat lampu operation tu. Kelakar, tapi nak gelak pun macam takde mood dah. Kemudian, pakar bius cucuk ubat sikit dan pakaikan topeng sedut gas macam orang asma tuu.. doktor sempat tanya, "awak ok ke?" Time tu vision dah start blur blur, tapi nak "lawan kekuatan gas" tu.. hahahaha boleh lagi menjawap, "ok.. cuma pening sikit" dan lepas tu.... wassalammmm lah dikauuu!! Terus tak sedar apa......

    Tahu tahu je... tersedar nama dipanggil dan dorang bagitau operation selesai. Masih lagi mamai mamai, dan walaupun masih bersisa ubat bius, terasa sikittttt kesakitan pada tempat gigi bongsu yang dicabut sebelah kanan. Takpe.. sakit sikit. Masih boleh bertahan. Dan dorang terus bawa ke wad harian. Dapat lunch dari hospital - bubur sedap, aiskrim dan air milo. Wanie rest sekejap sejam dua, lepas tu pergi bilik air bertemankan adik yang datang dari Kedah nak jaga hakak-nan-diva ni. Hahahaha~ ok lah, takde terhuyung hayang time berjalan. Lepas tu, bagitau nurse kat wad harian nak discharge. Mulut tak boleh cakap, penuh gauze dengan darah.. setiap setengah jam kena tukar gauze baru. Then, terus ke Unit Hasil untuk pembayaran. Selepas tolak subsidi semua, kena bayar RM 203 sahaja. Jumlah asal, hampir RM 7 ribu lebih!!

    Balik rumah, terus makan painkiller dan tidur je. Makan pun soft soft dan sejuk. Geli jugak sebab darah nak kena telan, nurse tu kata. Jangan kumur or spit! Dan jangan makan or minum guna straw! Dannn.. jangan lupa beli ice pack kat farmasi, kena selalu tepekkan ice pack kat kedua belah pipi the same day lepas operation untuk avoid bengkak bommm ye. Jangan dah bengkak baru nak tepek ice pack tu, memang tak menjadi. Wanie jugak ada beli ubat surut bengkak di farmasi untuk membantu tak bagi bengkak sangat.

    Nanti Wanie cerita lagi. Ye... ada sambungan. Kena infection dan dry socket sikit kat bahagian yang dicabut sebelah kiri (gigi bongsu ini yang paling dekat dengan saraf). Dan lenguh jari menaip kat fon.. dan masih lagi berdenyut tempat surgery walaupun harini ada hari yang ke 6.

    Wish me speedy recovery!

              Mirai Malware Hacker Who Steal and Sell Data on Darknet Pleads Guilty In A German Court        

      A 29-year-old Daniel K., a British hacker has pleaded guilty to launching dangerous attacks with the aim of selling the hacked data on the Darknet marketplace. He admitted to infecting routers and causing damages with a Mirai malware at a court in Cologne on last Friday. The router and the damage valued $1.25 and ...

    The post Mirai Malware Hacker Who Steal and Sell Data on Darknet Pleads Guilty In A German Court appeared first on Deep Dot Web.

              Prisoners for Profit - The Shame of Puppy Mills        
    It was summer when I visited puppy mills in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. In the last few years, the area has become a hub for large scale commercial dog breeding operations. And although the Midwest still ranks as containing the highest number of dog breeding operations, the concentration of puppy mills in Lancaster County is unparalleled.

    Accompanying me was a Humane Society of the United States investigator who had monitored the Pennsylvania mills for years. He knew the county well, and had seen not only the proliferation of puppy mills in the area, but at the same time, the increased press and public attention in their operations.

    Driving through the pastoral landscape, it seemed impossible that animal suffering could exist amidst such beauty. This illusion was quickly shattered with my first view of a puppy mill. For years, I had seen and studied photos of infamous facilities, but nothing prepared me for seeing the real thing with my own eyes.
    We approached a farmhouse from the road and turned onto a muddy lane. Rounding the corner, we didn't even have to get out of the truck to see or hear what awaited us. Rows of dilapidated cages were lined up outside a barn. Stopping the truck, my throat constricted with shock. Dogs were crammed three or more to a small cage which were elevated over mounds of feces. Matted fur covered their eyes as they rushed towards the front of their cages, barking at uninvited visitors. Their plight was so dramatically different than the dogs I knew, the dogs who lie lazily in afternoon sun, waiting for their next meal or walk. No, these dogs were here for a purpose and only one purpose: to make money.

    We saw many mills that day. Posing as buyers, we were able to handle and examine some of the puppies. Many seemed sickly, disoriented, and underweight. And when we were allowed to see their mothers, or sneaked onto a farm to view the conditions, the hopelessness of their lives weighed on me like a heavy load that rests on my shoulders even to this day.

    Dogs hold a special place in our hearts. Domesticated thousands of years ago, they were chosen to be our protectors, companions, and best friends. And although we have betrayed our responsibility towards them in many ways, none is so distressing or disturbing as the puppy mill.

    The term "puppy mill," coined in the mid-to-late sixties to describe large scale commercial dog breeding facilities, has only recently arrived in the mainstream vernacular. It is a term that some claim is sensational and manipulative. The word "mill" refers to an operation that churns out dogs in mass, using female dogs as nothing more than breeding machines. The term conjures images of dogs crowded in wire cages, living in their own wastes, shivering from the cold, or baking in the heat. Tragically, this vision is not far from reality. Most people, not just those interested in animal protection, are shocked when confronted with the bleak images of dogs housed and bred in puppy mills. But in the 5,000 puppy mills found across the country, thousands of dogs are bred and raised for profit, valued not for their companionship or loyalty, but for the cold hard cash they bring.

    Many consumers possess an image of puppies at a family farm, lovingly raised and cared for. Others may not even think about where a pet store puppy comes from. Drawn to a pet store window by a bin of wriggling puppies, the furthest thing from a customer's mind is the origin of these cute bundles of fur. But by buying a puppy, often for a price of $500 or more, the consumer is unknowingly supporting a cycle of abuse that begins at the puppy mill.

    What the consumer can't see is the puppy's mother, imprisoned miles away, pregnant again, her body being used to produce more money-making puppies. Starting at six months, she is bred every heat cycle. She is often weak, malnourished, and dehydrated. Rarely, if ever, is she provided with veterinary care. She cannot maintain her productivity past her fourth or fifth year. After that, she is nothing more than a drain on the mill's operation and must be disposed of. If she's lucky, she'll be humanely euthanized. More often than not, she will be shot or bludgeoned to death. Discarded, her wasted body will lie forgotten in a local landfill or garbage dump.

    This is the picture the pet stores will never show. And until recently, the ugly truth of puppy mills has been hidden. But when problems with many of the puppies bought at pet stores across the country began to surface, consumers and animal lovers alike began asking hard questions. Puppies with seizures, parasites, infections, bacteria, and behavioral problems were being seen far too often to be merely coincidental.
    Puppy mills and the pet store industry have begun to feel this scrutiny. They insist that it doesn't make good business sense to sell sick puppies or house breeding females in less than humane conditions. But evidence gained after years of documentation and investigation directly conflicts with these assertions. In addition, those small scale breeders who do treat their animals humanely, who raise them in their homes or in small, cleanly kept kennels, do not usually make a profit off their dogs. It is virtually impossible to breed in a humane fashion and make money at the same time. Although a pet store may sell a puppy for $500 or more dollars, most commercial breeders can only get around $35 per dog from a broker who in turns sells to the pet store for around $75. In order to make a profit and cover costs, corners must be cut, and puppies must be churned out at a furious rate. The cut corners are the animals themselves: their housing, their health, their cleanliness. Inherent in the profit-making mills is the sacrifice of humane standards in order to make a profit.
    What protection, if any, do these dogs and their puppies have? On the state level, puppy "lemon laws," existing in a handful of states including New Jersey and California, seek to offer consumers protection against buying sick puppies. Although these laws do chip away at the production of sick puppies, they do not address the inherent problem of the whole system: the selling of dogs for profit.

    The federal level offers even less hope. The current system not only allows the continuation of a business that makes money off the backs of dogs, but fails in its responsibility to provide even a basic quality of life for dogs in puppy mills. Originally passed in 1966, the federal Animal Welfare Act was amended in 1970 to include in its provisions the oversight of large scale commercial dog breeding facilities. Regulations were written with the intention of ensuring the proper care, feeding, housing, and veterinary care for the thousands of dogs found in puppy mills across the country. Mandated by law to enforce these regulations is the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). But with a shortage of inspectors responsible for overseeing these facilities, the agency has developed a reputation for failing to meet its mandate.
    Not only have outsiders criticized the agency's ability to enforce the Act in relation to puppy mills, but several internal reviews have also illustrated the gross inadequacies existing at the federal level. Recently, a damning internal review conducted by the USDA's own office of the Inspector General of the agency's South Central Regional Office offered a bleak picture. The South Central Office, responsible for overseeing the majority of this country's puppy mills, was found to be sorely lacking in its ability to enforce the Animal Welfare Act. The report found that the office failed to respond to complaints from the public, failed to report a large number of blatant violations of the law, and that supervisors told inspectors not only where and when to inspect, but instructed their staff not to write up too many violations of problematic facilities. USDA Secretary Dan Glickman, embarrassed by the report's finding, has demanded the development of an internal plan to respond to the crisis within the agency.

    The USDA is also feeling the heat over the puppy mill issue from members of Congress. After receiving constituent mail on puppy mills, Congressman Glenn Poshard (D-Il) and Senator Rick Santorum (R-PA), sprung to action. Working with The Humane Society of the United States and other animal protection organizations, they gathered over 100 signatures from members on both side of Capitol Hill in a letter to Secretary Glickman expressing concern about the problems found in puppy mills across the country. Sent late last summer, the letter has caused anxiety within the USDA.

    This Spring, the agency will consider enacting stronger regulations covering puppy mills as well as examining ways in which their enforcement powers can be increased. Although any change in the way puppy mills are regulated is an improvement, and stiffer rules may even shut down or discourage potential operators from opening a facility, the changes will not directly eliminate the mills themselves. Until the demand for mass-produced pet store puppies decreases, there will always be a buck to be made in the production of dogs.

    Rachel A. Lamb is Director for Companion Animal Care at The Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) in Washington, DC.

    Dog Training
              Canalith Repositioning Procedure        

    The Canalith Repositioning Procedure is also known as the “Epley maneuver.” BPPV occurs as a result of displaced otoconia, which are small crystals of calcium carbonate (also referred to as “otoliths” or “canaliths”) that are normally attached to the otolithic membrane in the utricle of the inner ear. Because of trauma, infection, or even simple […]

    The post Canalith Repositioning Procedure appeared first on Medical Treatment, Medical Treatment centre, Medical healthcare Centre.


    Tympanoplasty, also called eardrum repair, refers to surgery performed to reconstruct a perforated tympanic membrane (eardrum) or the small bones of the middle ear. Eardrum perforation may result from chronic infection or, less commonly, from trauma to the eardrum. Purpose The tympanic membrane of the ear is a three-layer structure. The outer and inner layers […]

    The post Tympanoplasty appeared first on Medical Treatment, Medical Treatment centre, Medical healthcare Centre.

              Balloon Sinuplasty        

    Balloon Sinuplasty (BSP) is a breakthrough sinus surgery procedure performed by ENT doctors that open sinus passages to relieve sinus pain and sinus pressure associated with chronic sinusitis. Medical therapy and Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) are two very common techniques used for patients suffering from sinus infections. Advantages of Balloon Sinuplasty Balloon Sinuplasty is […]

    The post Balloon Sinuplasty appeared first on Medical Treatment, Medical Treatment centre, Medical healthcare Centre.

              Spina Bifida        

    Spina Bifida is a type of birth defect called a neural tube defect. Spina Bifida occurs when the bones of the spine (vertebrae) don’t form properly around part of the baby’s spinal cord. Spina bifida can be mild or severe. The key early priorities for treating myelomeningocele or Spina Bifida are to prevent infection from developing in […]

    The post Spina Bifida appeared first on Medical Treatment, Medical Treatment centre, Medical healthcare Centre.

              Parasitic worm eggs may soon be legally sold as food in Germany        
    Thousands have been infecting themselves with parasites to treat conditions like depression and multiple sclerosis, but we don’t yet know if it works
              Hand Therapy Indications, Characteristics, and Precautions        

    Special Recommend information on A H1N1 (swine flu)
    As it is known to all, currently we human being are all faced with a big enemy-A/H1N1 flu (swine flu) which has been threatening our life. Now the situation is worsening. As health and medical organ, we shoulder more responsibility to handle outbreak of this emergency.

    In TCM, A/H1N1 belongs to epidemic febrile disease of TCM which is the same as human avian influenza and SARS and similar to A/H1N1 flu syndrome differentiation and treatment of TCM prevention and cure. It is advocated “dispelling wind, reducing fever and dissipating dampness in clinical.

    TCM center will provide latest Special Report Globally on the A/H1N1 flu; and you still can find the Symptoms and Prevention about A/H1N1 flu ; further more, TCM prevention for swine flu provides latest global news; Chinese medicine prevention for A/H1N1 flu ; Chinese herbal medicine and so on.

    1. Indications: 1) Painful diseases: Neurotic headache, trigeminal neuralgia, toothache, angina pectoris, chest pain, intercostal neuralgia, neuralgia sciatica, and abdominal pain. 2) Chronic diseases: Bronchitis, peptic stomach ulcer, chronic gastroenteritis, diarrhea, diabetes mellitus, rheumatism, soft tissue injury, chronic nephritis, hemiplegia, arthritis, and muscular strain of the waist. 3) Functional diseases: Irregular menstruation, dysmenorrhea, functional disturbance of vegetative nervous system, intestinal paralysis, and stomach spasms. 4) Neurological diseases: Neurasthenia, spasm of facial muscles, facial palsy, and neurotic deafness. 5) Inflammatory diseases: Tonsillitis, pharyngitis, stomatitis, rhinitis, bronchitis, periarthritis of shoulder, cholecystitis, nephritis, and arthritis. 6) Acute diseases: High fever with convulsions, acute angina pectoris, acute attack of epilepsy, acute larygopharyngitis, acute conjunctivitis, and acute gastritis.

    2. Characteristics: 1) Holistic principles in the treatment of disease are followed. This includes treating internal diseases with external therapy and treating general diseases with local therapy. 2) Hand therapy is a simple treatment with numerous indications, including common internal diseases, surgical problems, and gynaecological, pediatric, and ENT disorders. 3) This treatment is cheap, convenient and safe. 4) It can be used to treat diseases as well as improve the health of normal people. 5) It can be done by the patients themselves for early diagnosis and treatment. 6) It can produce good therapeutic results without harmful side effect. 7) The techniques of hand therapy can be widely popularized for broad application.

    3. Precautions: 1) Care must be taken in treating pregnant women at early and later stages of pregnancy. 2) It must be used with care in potential surgical conditions such as acute appendicitis with indication of surgical intervention. 3) Hand therapy is prohibited for patients with necrotic, infectious, or pyogenic skin lesions of the hand.

              Funding Penalties for Hospitals with High Medicare Complication Rates        

    The government is cracking down on hospitals with the highest rates of infection and complications by docking Medicare payments. Those hospitals with the worst rates of infections and complications are going to lose 1% of each Medicare payment for one year starting this fall. Federal officials have released a preliminary analysis that identifies 761 hospitals […]

    The post Funding Penalties for Hospitals with High Medicare Complication Rates appeared first on Maine Personal Injury Lawyers Blog.

              To top it all off my dd #3 who has the ecoli infection now has a low grade fever        
    So gonna do the cold compress thing and if she still has fever tomorrow will call doc I think it might be the antibacterial meds are finally kicking in and the ecoli is having one last battle . On the up hand I made GF chocolate cupcakes that turned out pretty good :) a few of them are for the teachers for teacher appreciation day next week (surprise) there are only 5 teachers and 1 principal so not too many cupcakes to make but all of the teachers help with my ADHD child so its much apprecia...
              No Peanuts for Your Peanut        

    Youngsters are developing peanut allergies earlier because of exposures in babyhood

    Food for Thought

    Peanuts are a protein-rich snack food packing plenty of vitamins and trace nutrients. However, these legumes can elicit potentially life-threatening immune reactions within the one in 100 American adults who are allergic to them. Rates of peanut allergy are even higher among children. And the really disturbing news: A new study finds that the age at which this common food allergy first shows up is falling.

    Today, peanut allergy typically emerges in early toddlerhood, a team of Duke University researchers reports in the December Pediatrics. "That's almost a year earlier than what we knew, scientifically, a decade ago, "explains A. Wesley Burks, a pediatric allergist who coauthored the new study.

    Although children outgrow many allergies, peanut allergy is not typically one of them. Among people who develop immune reactions to this food, 80 percent retain their allergy for life.

    The new study began, Burks says, after Duke immunologists noticed that they were encountering younger patients with peanut allergy. To investigate, the researchers pulled entry records and medical charts for all 140 young patients who had come in with the allergy since 1988. Poring over the records confirmed a fall in age at first diagnosis throughout this period—one that proved more dramatic than expected, Burks told Science News Online.

    Nationally, the rate of food allergy appears to be increasing, according to a 2006 report of a National Institutes of Health expert panel. The most striking increase, it noted, has been for peanut allergy, which is also the most common food sensitivity. Because some allergies can be avoided by delaying a child's initial introduction to certain foods, in 2000 the American Academy of Pediatrics recommended that parents "consider" keeping peanuts, tree nuts, fish and shellfish out of the diet of kids under age 3.

    Burks acknowledges that most parents aren't aware of this recommendation. On the other hand, most peanut allergy shows up in children that had already exhibited allergic reactions to other foods—typically eggs or milk. Many affected children also had skin sensitivities as infants, such as eczema or atopic dermatitis, and a parent or sibling with allergies, although not necessarily to food.

    Against that background, you would think parents of the most vulnerable kids would be especially careful about introducing peanuts into the diet. And they might well have been. Indeed, Burks suspects that most initial introductions to peanuts in his young patients were inadvertent. Either a child encountered items that contained unlabeled traces of peanuts—perhaps a jelly bean, certain flavorings used in medicines, or any of several baby lotions (see Unexpected Sources of Peanut Allergy). Or perhaps the kids encountered peanut allergen in the air when others were eating, handling, or cooking foods that contained the legume.

    But for now, Burks' team has no firm leads on why peanut allergies are showing up earlier. The Duke group and others will be probing that in the next few years.

    Homing in on the problem

    Children with peanut allergy in the new study showed the expected history of vulnerability. For instance, four in five had parents or a sib with some form of allergy. Four in five children also had personally experienced atopic dermatitis, two in every three suffered from asthma, and more than half had allergies that triggered runny noses. Moreover, blood tests from two-thirds of the youngsters turned up antibodies highlighting sensitivity to other foods, typically eggs or tree-nuts.

    Half of the young patients were born between 1988 and 1999, the rest between 2000 and 2005. The average age of their peanut allergy's onset was significantly different between the two groups—roughly 29 months old for the pre-2000 birth group, versus 15 months for children born since 2000. Within the first group, half of the children developed peanut allergy by 21 months of age; for children born since 2000, half developed their allergy by the time they were 14 months old.

    In hopes of teasing out factors that contributed to the trend of earlier allergies, Burks' group is participating in a Food Allergy Research Consortium that has been given $17 million to study food allergies—especially to peanuts. One facet of the 5-year program, which is sponsored by NIAID, is investigating the use of shots to desensitize people with peanut allergy. In addition, some 400 infants with milk and egg allergies will be studied for signs of immunological differences that distinguish those who outgrow their allergies from those who retain them lifelong.

    Currently, some 30,000 people a year are hospitalized for food allergy in the United States, and 200 die during an allergic episode. One concern, Burks notes, is that children who develop peanut allergy earlier than in the past might face a lower-than-usual chance of outgrowing their life-threatening affliction—one that requires constant vigilance.

    Such an allergy can even crimp one's social life. Consider the poor teenage girl whose lips swelled up after being kissed by her boyfriend (see A Rash of Kisses). Hours earlier, the boy had eaten peanuts, to which the girl was allergic.

    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.


    American Academy of Pediatrics

    141 Northwest Point Boulevard

    Elk Grove Village, IL 60007

    Web site: [Go to]

    A. Wesley Burks

    Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

    Duke University Medical Center

    DUMC 2644

    Durham, NC 27710

    National Institutes of Health

    National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

    Office of Communications and Government Relations

    6610 Rockledge Drive, MSC 6612

    Bethesda, MD 20892-6612

    Web site: [Go to]
    Further Reading

    Helmuth, L. 1999. Allergy vaccine may take fear out of nuts. Science News 155(April 3):213. Available at [Go to].

    Long, A. 2002. The nuts and bolts of peanut allergy. New England Journal of Medicine 346(April 25):1320-1322. Extract available at [Go to].

    Raloff, J. 2003. Unexpected sources of peanut allergy. Science News Online (March 15). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2002. A rash of kisses. Science News 162(July 20):40. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 1998. The mango that thought it was poison ivy. Science News Online (Aug. 8). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 1997. A whiff, a sniff—then asthma. Science News Online (Feb. 1). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 1996. Peanut allergy found common and increasing. Science News 150(Sept. 7):150. Available at [Go to].

    _____. 1996. Family allergies? Keep nuts away from kids. Science News 149(May 4):279. Available at [Go to].

    Seppa, N. 2003. Tough nut is cracked: Antibody treatment stifles peanut reactions. Science News 163(March 15):163. Available at [Go to].

              Canadians Advocate Boosting Vitamin D in Pregnancy        

    A Canadian medical society recommends pregnant women and nursing moms boost their intake of vitamin D dramatically

    Food for Thought

    Canadian pediatricians certainly aren't shirking controversy when it comes to a vitamin guideline they've developed for pregnant women and nursing moms. They're asking these women to boost their intake of vitamin D dramatically—to 10 times the daily doses advocated by most health organizations in the States. This new prescription is aimed at combating rickets—leg deformations caused by soft bones—in youngsters who get too little of the sunshine vitamin.

    Vitamin D helps build strong bones by helping the body absorb calcium. Getting pregnant and nursing women to take more of the vitamin ensures that plenty will reach developing children.

    In the past, most people had little trouble getting enough vitamin D—they just went outdoors where ultraviolet rays from the sun trigger chemical reactions in skin to make this vital nutrient. However, some people always had trouble making enough. Canadian kids at highest risk of vitamin deficits generally live in First Nations and Inuit communities. With sun-filtering pigments in their skin, and living at high latitudes, they must glean most of their vitamin D from the diet—generally a poor source—not the sun.

    Most North American women—including those in the United States—eat diets delivering only about 100 international units, or IU, of vitamin D daily, according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), in Washington, D.C. That is half of what IOM recommends and a mere 5 percent of what Canadian pediatricians are now advocating for new and soon-to-be moms.

    Although IOM's dietary recommendations are for the United States, the Canadian health establishment has tended to rubber stamp them. In this case, though, Canada's health agency took the unusual tack of signing off on a Canadian Paediatric Society proposal to boost the recommended intake by women who are pregnant or breast feeding to 2,000 IU per day. This new guideline appears in a consensus statement published in September by the society in its journal, Paediatrics & Child Health.

    Soon the society will begin sending its new guideline to every provincial, territorial, and aboriginal health department across Canada, notes Marie Adèle Davis, the group's executive director. The goal, she told Science News Online, is to make sure all public health officials learn about it—not just pediatricians.

    The higher recommendation equals the amount that IOM has designated as the safe upper limit for vitamin D's daily consumption. Most nutritionists don't really consider that value is a true ceiling for safe intake—especially since sunbathing on a bright summer day can generate 10,000 to 20,000 IU in the body without harm. Still, for political and legal reasons, most organizations shy away from advocating intakes near what IOM has flagged as a potential maximum for safe consumption.

    Now a number of researchers suspect that intakes by pregnant and lactating women much below 2,000 IU per day could actually prove unsafe for child health.

    Reinhold Vieth of the University of Toronto explained why, recently, to officials with Health Canada, a counterpart to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. To prevent rickets, he argued, a baby needs 400 IU of vitamin D per day. And in many parts of Canada, he said, nursing women may require several thousand IU of vitamin D per day to get 400 IU into their breast milk. Vieth had been recruited by the Canadian Paediatric Society to help defend its proposed guideline to government officials.

    U.S. physicians won't quibble over the 400 IU figure for babies and young children, notes pediatrician Frank R. Greer, chair of the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) committee on nutrition. Although the 1997 IOM report says 200 IU of vitamin D per day should be sufficient for anyone under 50—including children—few researchers buy that. "Everybody feels that we should be taking more than 200 IU," says Greer, of the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

    Unlike the Canadian Paediatric Society, though, "We [at AAP] don't really have any influence on what pregnant and lactating women take," Greer says. "However, I can say that AAP's committee on nutrition has recommended to the board that we go back to [recommending] 400 IU for all children." That's the amount in a teaspoon of cod liver oil—the vitamin D supplement of choice throughout the early 20th century. Greer expects his committee's recommendation to be approved by AAP's board, perhaps within the next month.

    Optimal needs vary

    For most of the past century, nutrient guidelines have been set to prevent gross deficiencies—shortfalls that could cause disease. Those recommendations tended to represent minimally adequate intakes. Over the past decade, however, considerable debate has surrounded what vitamin D consumption levels would be optimal versus merely adequate.

    The controversy has been fueled by a steady stream of studies that have emerged since the IOM set its vitamin D guidelines. Nearly all demonstrate substantial health benefits from relatively high intakes of vitamin D—amounts well in excess of what most individuals now get. Moreover, those benefits extend well beyond protecting bone. More vitamin D seems to diminish the risk of cancer, diabetes, autoimmune disorders, muscle loss, viral infections—even gum disease.

    Researchers gauge vitamin D sufficiency on the basis of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-HD). This is not the form of the vitamin that is consumed—nor the hormonal form that the body actually uses—but an intermediary. To achieve optimal concentrations of 25-HD, growing numbers of nutrition and health scientists suggest, most of us would need intakes of 800 to 4,000 IU per day (see Vitamin D: What's Enough?).

    How much vitamin D someone needs can vary widely, largely depending on the amount of skin that gets exposed to the sun each day—and for how long. Further complicating the picture, some skin is heavily pigmented, filtering sunlight out. Many people cover up with clothes or sunblock when they go outdoors. Still others live at high latitudes—as Canadians do—where little ultraviolet radiation makes it through the atmosphere during much of the year.

    Even for women in the southern United States, however, "we've found that lactating women need about 6,000 IU a day to transfer enough vitamin D into their milk to supply adequate amounts to a nursing infant," says Bruce W. Hollis of the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston.

    Nor are nursing moms the only individuals who may need relatively large doses of the vitamin. Hollis' research has shown that black women may sometimes need 4,000 IU a day for months at a time to compensate for little time outdoors, heavy skin pigmentation, and/or obesity—a factor that appears to diminish the body's ability to use vitamin D efficiently (see Understanding Vitamin D Deficiency).

    Another reason for moms' supplementation?

    In March, researchers at Harvard Medical School reported evidence that ample vitamin D diminishes the chance a child will develop asthma, a scourge who's incidence has been rising, especially in black and low-income communities (see Childhood Vitamin D—A New Benefit?). Recently, an additional putative benefit has emerged for pregnant women and their developing babies.

    A study linked elevated risk of preeclampsia—high blood pressure that develops in some women during the last half of pregnancy—with low intakes of vitamin D. This condition, which can lead to miscarriage and even the death of the mother—ordinarily develops in some three to seven percent of first pregnancies.

    Pittsburgh researchers enrolled 1,198 women who were pregnant for the first time and measured their blood concentrations of vitamin D within the first 22 weeks of gestation. Subsequently, 59 women developed preeclampsia. Blood values from all but four were compared to a similar group of recruits who maintained normal blood pressure throughout their pregnancies.

    The higher a woman's blood concentrations of 25-HD, the lower her chance of developing preeclampsia—and that risk fell steadily and "strikingly" with increasing vitamin D values, Lisa M. Bodnar of the University of Pittsburgh and her colleagues found.

    Moreover, babies whose moms had developed preeclampsia were far more likely to have low vitamin-D values than were children whose moms had maintained normal blood pressure. "These differences were found in our population despite widespread prenatal/multivitamin use in the 3 months before delivery," Bodnar's group reports in the September Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

    Black women face far higher risks of developing this hypertensive syndrome. Overall, black women are also far likelier than other ethnic or racial groups to have low blood levels of vitamin D. Against this backdrop, Bodnar's group says, "our data linking vitamin D deficiency and preeclampsia risk raises the intriguing possibility that vitamin D may contribute to racial disparities in this [syndrome]."

    "The story of deficiency begins with vitamin D itself and its primary mode of synthesis, which is from sunlight," argue Adekunle Dawodu of the University of Cincinnati and Carol L. Wagner of the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston. In a commentary in the September Archives of Disease in Childhood, they report a resurgence of rickets around the world, not only in children at high latitudes, but also in the Arab world and Asia where culture or excessive temperatures may keep women and children indoors or covered up.

    A shift from vitamin-D sufficiency to widespread deficiency has occurred rapidly—mostly throughout a half-century. The reason for it is clear, Dawodu and Wagner say: "insufficient sun exposure and inadequate corrective vitamin-D supplementation." They conclude, much as the Canadian Paediatric Society just has, that dosing moms during pregnancy and lactation "would achieve the double effect of preventing vitamin-D deficiency in both mothers and children." But unlike the Canadian society, they note that doses considerably higher than 2,000 IU may be necessary for some individuals and communities.

    As a goal, achieving population-wide vitamin D sufficiency "may be one of the more important preventative public health initiatives," conclude Dawodu and Wagner.

    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.


    American Academy of Pediatrics

    141 Northwest Point Boulevard

    Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098

    Lisa M. Bodnar

    Department of Epidemiology

    University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health

    A742 Crabtree Hall

    130 DeSoto Street

    Pittsburgh, PA 15261

    John J. Cannell

    Psychiatry Department

    Atascadero State Hospital

    10333 El Camino Real

    Atascadero, CA 93423

    Marie Adèle Davis

    Canadian Paediatric Society

    2305 St. Laurent Boulevard

    Ottawa, Ont. K1G 4J8


    Frank R. Greer

    Department of Pediatrics

    University of Wisconsin, Madison

    Madison, WI 53792

    Bruce W. Hollis

    Department of Pediatrics

    Medical University of South Carolina

    P.O. Box 250917

    171 Ashley Avenue, Room BM326

    Charleston, SC 29425

    Reinhold Vieth

    Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

    Mount Sinai Hospital

    600 University Avenue

    Toronto, ON M5G 1X5

    Further Reading

    Cannell, J.J. In press. Autism and vitamin D. Medical Hypotheses. Abstract available at [Go to].

    Dijkstra, S.H., et al. 2007. High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in newborn infants of high-risk mothers. Archives of Disease in Childhood 92(September):750-753. Available at [Go to].

    Moore, C.E., M.M. Murphy, and M.F. Holick. 2005. Vitamin D intakes by children and adults in the United States differ among ethnic groups. Journal of Nutrition 135(October):2478-2485. Available at [Go to].

    Raloff, J. 2007. Childhood vitamin D—A new benefit? Science News Online (May 19). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2007. Childhood vitamin D—A dark side? Science News Online (May 12). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2006. The antibiotic vitamin. Science News 170(Nov. 11):312-317. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2005. Breathing easier with vitamin D. Science News Online (Dec. 17). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2005. Vitamin D boosts calcium potency. Science News Online (Nov. 12). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2005. Understanding vitamin D deficiency. Science News Online (April 30). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Vitamin D: What's enough? Science News 166(Oct. 16):248-249. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Vitamin boost. Science News 166(Oct. 9):232-233. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Should foods be fortified even more? Science News Online (Sept. 11). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2000. Calcium may become a dieter's best friend. Science News 157(April 29):277. Available at [Go to].

    Williams, A.F. 2007. Vitamin D in pregnancy: An old problem still to be solved? Archives of Disease in Childhood 92(September):740-741. Available at [Go to].

              Cleaning Up after Livestock        

    Food for Thought

    As any pet owner knows, the more food that goes into an animal's mouth, the more wastes that eventually spew out the other end. The bigger the animal, the bigger its appetite. So imagine the volumes of manure—often tainted with germs—that farmers must manage for even a small feedlot with perhaps 3,500 head of cattle.

    Ordinarily, beef producers house their animals in pens—some the size of football fields or larger. They're designed to leave each animal about 80 square feet of space. Cattle wastes just fall to the ground and collect—often for a month or more—before feedlot crews periodically scrape away the muck. After composting, the dried manure will be applied to fields as a rich fertilizer.

    The real problem develops when it rains. Then, a manure-rich, watery slurry can drain off the fields. Conventionally, feedlot managers would divert this liquid into huge, smelly ponds or lagoons—some 10-feet deep or more, explains Bryan L. Woodbury, an agricultural engineer with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Meat Animal Research Center in Clay Nebraska.

    His team has been developing a literally greener alternative to pond storage for manure-laced runoff from feedlot pens. The new system directs that runoff into a foot-deep drainage basin. Leading out of it are a series of narrow pipes. Because the interior diameters of these pipes are small, rain-deposited wastes temporarily back-up in this glorified drainage ditch. It typically takes hours for all of the liquids to fully drain out through the pipes. While they wait, solids in the rain-manure slurry tend to settle out as sediments that will accumulate on the basin's bottom.

    Exiting liquids, meanwhile, flow gently into a mildly sloping field of grass, where the animal wastes will fertilize the plants' growth. At the end of the season, farmers harvest that grass as hay, bale it, and then feed it back to the herd.

    For much of the past decade, Woodbury's team has tinkered with the system's design to optimize gravity's removal of solids from the initial rain-manure slurry and the pace at which fertilizing water enters the hayfield. In terms of those features, the system appears ready for prime time—at least in the Midwest, Woodbury says.

    However, what hadn't been evaluated was the fate of germs that were shed by cattle along with those wastes. If the brief holding of the manure-water slurry and its subsequent release into fields promoted the growth of disease-causing microorganisms, those germs might eventually find their way into plants (see Not Just Hitchhikers). That would risk re-exposing animals that later dined on the tainted hay.

    A new investigation now indicates that although the raw manure often hosts germs, most of the nasty microbes hitchhiking in it appear to settle out along with sediments in the initial holding basin. Bugs that remain suspended in the water long enough to travel on to the fields don't appear to survive there long, Woodbury and his colleagues report in the Nov. 1 Journal of Environmental Quality.

    Indeed, the researchers note, while their new data "indicate that there is some risk for hay contamination, it appears to be low." For instance, on one day that hay was cut—two weeks after a major rainfall that shunted diluted manure into the field—only four of 10 tested soil samples hosted Escherichia coli O157.

    Yet only one of the 30 samples of loose hay that was cut that day from parts of the field that had received manure-fertilized rainwater tested positive for that E. coli strain. Microbiologists also failed to later detect that E. coli O157 in hay following its baling and storage.

    That's encouraging news because this bacterium has a long track record of causing disease. It was, for instance, responsible for the major food poisonings associated with tainted spinach in September 2006—an outbreak that sickened more than 200 people, killing five. These microbes can set up housekeeping in the bovine gut, causing no harm to the animal. However, germs shed in the cow's feces can infect people or crops that contact it.

    The Nebraska researchers also probed for evidence of Campylobacter, another bacterium shed by cattle that can provoke gut-wrenching illness. And although three of 10 field-soil samples tested positive after one major rain, none did 2 weeks later. The germ also failed to show up in loose or baled hay.

    Similarly, even though the test herd of 750 cattle had been periodically shedding large quantities of Cryptosporidium and Giardia—two common parasites responsible for substantial human disease, especially in persons with weakened immune systems—biologists found none of these microbes in field soil, much less the hay that had been grown on it.

    Woodbury and his colleagues conclude that their vegetative filtering of manure washed off of feedlots is effective in dramatically sequestering and ultimately removing several of the major families of microbes responsible for human, food-related illness.

    What they don't yet know is whether there will be significant rainfall constraints to their system's efficacy. Will arid regions benefit from it? Will very wet areas send so much fertilizer to hayfields that they burn the grass? "That's what we're in the process of testing right now," Woodbury says. "The jury's still out."

    Other advantages

    Earlier tests showed that the short-term basin storage of wastes upstream of the hayfield removes about half of the nitrogen in manure and almost all of the phosphorus, Woodbury says. That's important because one of the primary problems associated with fertilization of farm fields has been their release during rains of any unused nitrogen and fertilizer into streams.

    Eventually, the fertilizing effects of these nutrients in surface waters can fuel the growth of algae that ultimately suck most of the oxygen out of large patches of coastal waters, creating what are colloquially termed dead zones (see Limiting Dead Zones).

    The new waste-sanitizing system's basin also removes most of the solid material suspended in the rain-manure slurry. This means that about once a year, people must excavate the buildup from the basin. However, what they remove is no longer a waste, but yet another fertilizing amendment for farm fields.

    Oh, and Woodbury points to another potential advantage of his team's new system—something that he refers to as the "white picket fence effect." When people see a picket fence out front, they focus on that pleasant feature, and not every detrimental facet of a house or yard. Well, nobody views a big, smelly lagoon filled with bovine fecal material as the farm equivalent of a white picket fence, he says. A hayfield, on the other hand: That's almost Norman Rockwell Americana.

    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.


    Bryan L. Woodbury

    Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center

    Agricultural Research Service

    U.S. Department of Agriculture

    P.O. Box 166, Spur 18D

    Clay Center, NE 68933-0166
    Further Reading

    Milius, S. 2007. Not just hitchhikers. Science News 172(Oct. 20):250-252. Available at [Go to].

    Raloff, J. 2006. Protozoa aid food-poisoning germs. Science News Online (March 18). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Limiting dead zones. Science News 165(June 12):378-380. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Marsh farming for profit and the common good. Science News Online (May 15). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2001. Retail meats host drug-resistant bacteria. Science News 160(Oct. 20):246. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2001. Germ-fighting germs. Science News Online (Aug. 18). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2001. Antibiotic resistance is coming to dinner. Science News 159(May 26):325. Available to subscribers at [Go to].

    ______. 2000. Sickening food. Science News Online (Jan. 1). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 1999. Food poisoning: Sprouts linked to bouts. Science News 155(Jan. 23):63. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 1998. Hay! What a way to fight E. coli. Science News Online (Sept. 19). Available at [Go to].

    Seppa, N. 2000. Venison can contain E. coli bacteria. Science News (Aug. 5):95. Available to subscribers at [Go to].

              Diminishing Obesity's Risks        

    Mouse data suggest that, properly managed, obesity can be benign.

    Food for Thought

    Health-care professionals typically refer to an extremely heavy person as being morbidly obese. The term reinforces the idea that the individual is at high risk of diabetes, fatty-liver disease, and heart attacks. Researchers who have been working with mice now report that certain chronic diseases don't have to be consequences of obesity.

    The team accomplished the disconnect by tricking the animals' bodies into storing all their excess fat within their fat cells, or adipocytes.

    That's not what the bodies of rodents—or people—typically do. Initially, excess lipids—fat—are stored in these cells, making up what's called adipose tissue or simply body fat. These deposits lie primarily in the breasts, belly, and thighs. However, once adipocytes fill up, new storage sites take up the overflow. Those new depots usually develop in muscle and the liver.

    Of those two depots, the liver is more dangerous when it becomes fatty. Straightforwardly named, fatty liver disease can arise and lead eventually to hepatitis, cirrhosis, and death.

    A drop in the hormone called adiponectin is the body's signal to store fat outside adipose tissue. Sometimes referred to as the starvation hormone, adiponectin normally remains high in lean animals. With obesity, however, blood concentrations of the molecule fall.

    Philipp E. Scherer of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and his colleagues reasoned that keeping adiponectin concentrations high might fool the body into making extra adipocytes instead of sending surplus fat to muscles and the liver.

    The team has now investigated the hypothesis in a strain of mice that make copious adiponectin regardless of how fat they become. In the Sept. 4 Journal of Clinical Investigation, the researchers report that as the novel mice mature, they become unbelievably huge. Indeed, muses Scherer, these are "the fattest mice ever reported," with fat comprising 60 percent or more of their body weight.

    As hoped for, the mice deposit all their excess fat in adipose tissue. Also in sharp contrast to other obese mice, the high-adiponectin animals develop no signs of diabetes. They also avoid a metabolic disorder known as syndrome X, which puts animals, including people, at high risk of heart disease (SN: 4/8/2000, p. 236).

    So, although these barely mobile, blubbery mounds of flesh look like wrecks, they don't appear to be at high risk for several chronic diseases associated with obesity, Scherer told Science News Online. Actually, he says, from the preliminary data, the mice "appear perfectly healthy."

    He suspects that there's a lesson in this for investigators of human-obesity treatments. Drugs exist that raise adiponectin values in even overweight individuals. Most, like pioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone (Avandia), are prescribed to treat diabetes. However, data suggest these drugs also reduce the buildup of fat in the liver.

    Unfortunately, diminishing health risks in morbidly obese people may require far more than just supersizing their treatment with the diabetes drugs—especially since data reported earlier this year linked rosiglitazone with an increased risk of heart attack (SN: 6/23/07, p. 397).

    Fat signals

    Tissues throughout the body communicate on a regular basis via signaling hormones. Adiponectin is one of those messengers released by adipocytes to inform the rest of the body about how full the fat cells are. If they aren't full, Scherer explains, the cells pour out copious adiponectin. The body then responds by directing its fat into those cells for storage. As adipocytes fill with lipids, they turn down the adiponectin signal, telling the body that it's time to find new fat depots.

    Adipocytes release several other messengers, among them leptin. As lipids swell the adipocytes, the cells crank up production of this hormone. Once released into the bloodstream, leptin circulates to the brain, where it offers a status report on how full the fat cells are. If leptin signals that there's plenty of fat on hand, a healthy body not only experiences satiety but also reduces its food intake and burns more calories.

    At some point, a spontaneous mutation in mice led to a strain of animals that lacked the ability to make leptin. The resulting rodents, always hungry and primed to store—not burn—any excess energy consumed, inevitably become obese. Scherer's group worked with this strain and engineered it also to make extra adiponectin. The new mice typically produce about twice as much adiponectin as a normal, svelte rodent does. This excess is comparable to what can occur when people take certain diabetes-controlling drugs.

    In the new study, the researchers compared normal, lean, leptin-producing mice with leptinfree, obese ones and the new leptinfree-but-high-adiponectin animals. By adulthood, the new mice far surpassed the girth of the original obese line. But instead of having high blood sugar and insulin concentrations—characteristics of the original obese animals that mimic type-2 diabetes symptoms—the new megafatties exhibited normal insulin and blood-sugar values. In fact, Scherer says, the engineered animals had about the same insulin characteristics as healthy, lean mice.

    "That was a real surprise," he concedes—"that the [new] mice could get so fat and yet remain very healthy, metabolically speaking."

    One solution: More fat cells

    Most people are like obese mice, chronically taking in more calories than they burn, Scherer says.

    Lipid buildup in the liver is "really the driving force for insulin resistance," a metabolic change that precedes the development of diabetes, notes Scherer When this develops, the body makes normal amounts of insulin, but finds itself increasingly unable to use it. The end result: Too little insulin is used to move energy into cells, leaving high concentrations of sugar in the blood.

    The new study with high-adiponectin mice shows that "if you can overcome this block of overexpansion of adipose tissue, there is no need for excess calories to deposit as fat in the liver," Scherer says. Instead, fat can accumulate where it does the least damage, "in the professional fat-storage cell, the adipocyte."

    But Scherer doesn't want to say that excess calories are benign when they wind up in fat cells. Bulging adipocytes send out a number of inflammatory compounds (SN: 2/28/04, p. 139). It's not yet clear how important a role these compounds may play in chronic disease, but some have been linked to diabetes. Moreover, extra weight may strain an animal's joints and even its heart. So, it's premature to give a clean bill of health to mice whose physiques rival that of Jabba the Hutt.

    Still, Scherer argues, "from a qualitative point of view, these [new] mice are relatively healthy." Indeed, he says, what happens in the animals' tissues may explain why some very obese people are able to retain good insulin sensitivity and dodge the diabetes bullet.

    People who develop diabetes as adults tend to put all of their fat into a few big, inflammation-prone fat cells. However, some people's bodies employ a different strategy, Scherer says. They pack relatively small quantities of fat into an ever-proliferating number of fat cells, ones that never seem to undergo stress-induced inflammation. This approach is triggered by a "local overexpression of adiponectin in adipocytes." That, in turn, switches on production of a key signaling molecule—PPAR-gamma—that serves as a master switch "governing how many fat cells we have," he explains.

    "None of this is an endorsement for obesity," Scherer cautions. "But it shows that if you can expand your fat stores in a healthy way to keep up with your caloric intake, this will improve insulin sensitivity."

    Overall, he argues, "the best strategy is to eat less and exercise more. But for the many of us who continue to take in more calories than we burn, it would be better to expand our fat-cell numbers than to store excess lipids in other tissues. That's our take-home message."

    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.


    Philipp E. Scherer

    Touchstone Center for Diabetes Research

    Department of Internal Medicine

    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

    5323 Harry Hines Boulevard

    Dallas, TX 75390-9077
    Further Reading

    Dormandy, J.A., et al. 2005. Secondary prevention of macrovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes in the PROactive Study (PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events): A randomised controlled trial. Lancet 366(Oct. 8):1279-1289. Abstract available at [Go to].

    Harder, B. 2007. Fixes for fatty liver. Science News 171(March 3):136-137. Available at [Go to].

    Pawlak, D.B., et al. 2001. High glycemic index starch promotes hypersecretion of insulin and higher body fat in rats without affecting insulin sensitivity. Journal of Nutrition 131(January):99-104. Available at [Go to].

    Psaty, B.M., and C.D. Furberg. 2007. Rosiglitazone and cardiovascular risk. New England Journal of Medicine 356(June 14):2522-2524. Available at [Go to].

    Raloff, J. 2007. Fattening carbs—Some promote obesity and worse. Science News Online (Sept. 29). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2007. Infectious foie gras? Science News Online (June 30). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2007. Super-size mice—Fast food hurts rodents. Science News Online (June 9). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Inflammatory fat. Science News 165(Feb. 28):139-140. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2000. The new GI tracts. Science News 157(April 8):236-238. Available at [Go to].

    Seppa, N. 2007. Diabetes drug might hike heart risk. Science News 171(June 23):397. Available at [Go to].


    +971568523155 ,I’m Ritika, a tall Indian girl who is bright, warm, playful and with infectious smile. I love to tease with my dance moves and can do a role play or being tied to the bed. I let you explore your desire and leave you wanting for more.

    The post Ritika appeared first on Sky Escorts.

              Remedii naturale pentru durerile in gat        
    O durere in gat poate aparea oricand si poate fi cauzata de multi factori interni sau externi. Uneori este vorba despre o infectie bacteriana, sau de un streptococ, iar alteori vorbim despre infectii virale. In orice caz, afectiunile respiratorii pot fi contagioase si foarte neplacute si este foarte important sa le tratam si sa consultam […]
              Infectia sinusurilor sau sinuzita – simptome si tratament        
    Sinuzita reprezinta inflamarea mucoasei care imbraca sinusurile si fosele nazale. Sinusurile sunt spatii goale, localizate in jurul ochilor, obrajilor si a nasului. Cand mucoasa se inflameaza, aceasta blocheaza drenajul fluidului din sinus spre nas si gat, determinand durere si presiune in sinusuri. Bacteriile si fungii gasesc atunci un teren prielnic in sinusurile incapabile sa dreneze […]
              Inglewood Community Garden Thrives with Art, Culture & Music!        
    Inglewood, California  Written by Ginger Van Hook May 20, 2010
            Inglewood Community Garden is a dream students at Morningside High School have realized today with the help of Inglewood City Council member, Ralph L. Franklin of District 4, Teachers and Mentors, Miss Roshondra Woods, World History Teacher, Mr. Shawn Stanton at Morningside High School with Mr. D'Artagnan Scorza, Director at The Social Justice Learning Institute, and Mr. Sirls, the Principal of Morningside High School. Photography Ginger Van Hook, 2010
    For some of the students, it was hard to believe that these beautiful green corn leaves had come from all this dirt and gravel, but the miracle on Yukon and 107th Street in Inglewood was in full bloom. A student by the name of Jazz told the audience that she has been disheartened at first to see that this was a big empty lot with what seemed endless rocks. Then the students started clearing the land and putting their hearts and souls into the earth and the soil responded to their efforts to grow everything from tomatoes to chilies, jalapenos, lettuce, squash as well as herbs like parsley and oregano too.

    'Jazz' told us about the transformation of the garden and the friendships that she had made. She explained how there was a new community where before there had been an empty space. The audience cheered for the success of the students and there was a heightened sense of community achievement in the air. There was a slight breeze coming from the ocean that brushed the leaves of the  tomatoes and the peppers ever so slightly. The sun beat down upon the earth and music filled the air. Musicians played the guitar and percussion rhythms with their hands and their bodies moved to the beat. Guests were invited to take a water bottle from the center of the garden and in ceremonious ritual to bless the land with the names of their ancestors. I watered a patch of tomatoes and recalled my grandparents in the past. It was hard to remain objective. I was involved. I was now a part of this new blessing upon the community.  I was no longer a reporter, witnessing for the writing of a story, I was pulled into the land, the dirt, the rocky earth and right into the story, taken in by the aroma of fresh tomato leaves and the scent of strawberry flowers and consequently, the encouragement of artistic, poetic, talented new friends.

    D'Artagnan ScorzaDirector for The Social Justice Learning Institute 
    said his students are working on a Food Initiative

     Mr. Sirls, the Principal of Morningside High School, gave the students and supporters encouragement then went over to the wall and autographed his hand print in green.
    Mr. Sirl leaves his mark on the community garden wall.

    Janet Simmons read her poem that she wrote for the Inglewood Community Garden:

    I dedicate...
    I dedicate...
    my words,
    my voice,
    my sound,
    and my choice...
    of speech
    I speak of here.
    I dedicate...
    I dedicate...
    what I have seeked here
    throughout, without and within this garden
    I dedicate...
    I dedicate...
    my rough hands
    and my
    rock indented knees
    my wind tormented hair 
    the dirt infected breeze
    that flows through this garden
    like a stream of music through my ears
    When it comes down to it
    this would not mean as much
    without you, me, us
    I dedicate myself to you.

    There were cooking demonstrations and watermelon slices.

    The Los Angeles Times came to cover the event and I captured Glenn Koenig working in earnest covering the tree planting ceremony. This Photo is by Ginger Van Hook, but at least four or five reporters were on scene to witness this miracle transforming strangers into friends, and smiles turning lives into a tight knit community bonding over vegetables and issues of social justice, friendship and healthy meals...All good things going on in the City of Inglewood!

    Julie Prejean a Forestry Senior Manager for TREE PEOPLE 
    came to support the garden opening and to donate and help plant  a special tree. 
    She told her eager audience of new gardeners that they could choose its name.

    City Council Member Ralph L. Franklin praised the students, 
    teachers and supporters for taking the initiative and making it all happen, 
    and 'what a beautiful day it is for a planting ceremony!'

    USC reporter Christine Trang from the USC Annenberg School for Communications and Journalism
    interviewed various participants and was preparing her report for

    Inglewood Artists and supporters, Ken Ober, Renee Fox and Ceres Madoo, Alumni Relations at Otis College of Art and Design came to support the Morningside High School Community Garden Opening Ceremonies. 
    Photo by Ginger Van Hook 2010.

    As an Inglewood Artist I was invited to attend this event, thanks to Ceres Madoo and when I arrived,  I did not know what to expect; but whatever it was to be, I knew this was a GREAT IDEA! As I milled about I got the opportunity to meet Mr. D'Artagnan Scorza who told me how the students from Morningside High School had gotten together to discuss civic engagement, how to show school spirit,  how to improve the community and how to better serve the needs of the school district.  The students themselves came up with the concept of a community garden, but at first, did not  have the means to make it happen. The original students were from Miss Roshondra's class and Mr. Shawn Stanton's class. A good idea took root then and there. One thing led to another and with the help of Inglewood City Council Member Ralph Franklin, their project got the encouragement and the support they needed right there from the school district's land.  
    This property belongs to the school so now the students are able to 
    develop a way to empower themselves to be a self sustaining community 
    with healthy nourishing meals for its students. 
    No better way to grow fine artists, fine students and fine citizens
    than to take the seeds and cultivate, 
    water frequently, daily, encourage with wisdom and respect for the land.
    The students have a great number of plans which includes a farmer's market, music, art and culinary culture events.

              High Mortality Among Patients With Opioid Use Disorder in a Large Healthcare System        
    imageObjectives: Elevated mortality has been observed among individuals with opioid use disorder (OUD) treated in addiction specialty clinics or programs. Information about OUD patients in general healthcare settings is needed in light of the current effort to integrate addiction services into primary healthcare systems. This study examined mortality rates, causes of death, and associated risk factors among patients with OUD in a large general healthcare system. Methods: Mortality data were linked with electronic health records of 2576 OUD patients cared for in a large university health system from 2006 to 2014. Results: There were 465 deaths confirmed (18.1% of the study participants), corresponding to a crude mortality rate of 48.6 per 1000 person-years and standardized mortality ratio of 10.3 (95% confidence interval [CI] 9.4–11.3). Drug overdose and disorder (19.8%), cardiovascular diseases (17.4%), cancer (16.8%), and infectious diseases (13.5%, including 12% hepatitis C virus [HCV]) were the leading causes of death. HCV (hazard ratio [HR] 1.99, 95% CI 1.62–2.46) and alcohol use disorder (HR 1.27, 95% CI 1.05–1.55) were 2 clinically important indicators of overall mortality risk. Tobacco use disorder (adjusted HR [AHR] 2.58, 95% CI 1.60–4.17) was associated with increased risk of cardiovascular death, HCV infection (AHR 2.55, 95% CI 1.52–4.26) with cancer mortality risk, and HCV (AHR 1.92, 95% CI 1.03–3.60) and alcohol use disorder (AHR 5.44, 95% CI 2.95–10.05) with liver-related mortality risk. Conclusions: Patients with OUD in a general healthcare system demonstrated alarmingly high morbidity and mortality, which challenges healthcare systems to find innovative ways to identify and treat patients with substance use disorder.
              Associations Between Khat Use and HIV Risk and Status Among Voluntary Counseling and Testing Center Clients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia        
    imageObjectives: Ethiopia is 1 of 15 countries that account for nearly 75% of all people living with HIV. Khat use, a common practice in Ethiopia and sub-Saharan Africa, has gained attention as a potential risk factor for HIV. Our objective was to evaluate associations between khat use and demographic and risk-taking characteristics (alcohol use, sexual behavior), and also associations between HIV status and these characteristics among voluntary counseling and testing clients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among Pro Pride voluntary counseling and testing center clients, aged 18 to 49 years, from November 2009 to March 2010. All clients were approached, and 98.8% of these (684) completed a self-administered questionnaire. Associations between khat use, alcohol use, multiple sexual partners, and HIV status were assessed using logistic regression models. Results: Using khat in the past 90 days (current khat use) was significantly associated with being Muslim, being male, alcohol use, and having a greater number of sex partners in one's lifetime. The adjusted odds of current khat use was almost 7-fold higher in those having 4 or more sexual partners in their lifetime (adjusted odds ratio 6.89, 95% confidence interval 3.87, 12.25) as compared with those with 1 or none. HIV-positive status was significantly associated with age, employment, marital status, number of sex partners in one's lifetime, and khat use. Having used khat in one's lifetime, but not currently, past khat use, was associated with over a 2-fold increased adjusted odds (adjusted odds ratio 2.64, 95% confidence interval 1.13, 6.19) of being HIV-infected. Conclusions: Our findings highlight associations between current khat use and the modifiable factors of number of lifetime sexual partners and alcohol use. In addition, we observed the association between HIV status and past khat use after adjusting for age, marital status, and number of sex partners in one's lifetime.
              Adeus, Bafana        
    Olha........ confesso que não fico triste pelo Mandela ter morrido não. Morreu com 95 (!!!) anos, depois de quase 30 desses na prisão, depois de tanta coisa.. e como estou lendo aqui na BBC (

    "He had been receiving intensive medical care at home for a lung infection after spending three months in hospital."

    Nossa, horrível ficar assim. :(


    "Our nation has lost its greatest son," Mr Zuma said.

    Discordo do presidente, diria que ele é um pai pra nação, não um filho. Merece um dia a ser celebrado, como o MLK nos EUA.

    Por último: na minha concepção ele finalmente está descansando. Dever mais que cumprido.

    Recomendo o filme Mandela - Luta pela liberdade

    E há também o filme Invictus.
              Halloween tips for both drivers and trick-or-treaters        

    Ghosts. Vampires. Zombies. Candy Corn.

    Halloween for some represents getting up from their chair approximately 476 times to give neighborhood children pieces of delicious candy. For others, particularly those with kids, it's a day to watch their sons and/or daughters go from house to house uttering those 3 words that strikes fear in the hearts of thousands.

    However with Halloween comes some precautions. Little ones, even when paired with an adult, are extra excited, so that means they don't always listen to authority, and don't always follow even the most basic of rules. So it's important, while driving, to follow some important guidelines:

        •    Make sure to drive slowly, and never pass stopped vehicles - the driver might be dropping off trick-or-treaters.
        •    Put away the phone - distractions are a way of life, but when it comes to the safety of children, the call can wait.
        •    Watch for children running into the street - again, it's the day for rules to be broken, so don't assume everyone's looking both ways before crossing the street. Be aware of your surroundings.
        •    Communicate with other drivers - use your turn signals, and when picking people up, turn on the hazards.

    For those going out on foot with the chocoholics, here's a few tips to follow:

        •    Buy costumes labeled 'flame resistant'.
        •    Make sure to wear shoes that fit.
        •    Wear reflective tape so drivers can see you.
        •    Not all face paint is FDA-approved, so test it on a small piece off skin to make sure there is no allergic reaction. Then wash thoroughly before going to bed.
        •    Don't use decorative contact lenses, because they could result in severe eye infections.
        •    Go trick-or-treating with a group, but never alone.
        •    Walk, don't run, from house to house.
        •    Never consume homemade treats from people you don't know. Only eat factory-wrapped candy.

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              "We are largely doomed"        
    "Thanks to Cornell University researchers, the world can now predict how fast a zombie outbreak would spread from a single undead person. Using data from the 2010 U.S. census and the SIR model, an epidemiological tool that can project the progress of actual infectious diseases, the scientists created "large-scale exact stochastic dynamical simulation" of a such an outbreak. Their findings were to be presented Thursday to the august American Physical Society. Here's the zombie modeling map to play out all your Walking Dead scenarios.
              New Behavioral Intervention Targets Latino Men at High Risk of HIV Infection        
    Men who have sex with men (MSM) accounted for two thirds of all new HIV infections in the United States, with 26 percent occurring in Latinos, according to 2014 data. If those rates continue, it is estimated that one in four Latino MSM may be diagnosed with HIV during his lifetime.
              Como dejar de comerse las uñas para siempre        

    Casi todo el mundo ha tenido al menos un tenso momento en su vida la mala costumbre de comerse las uñas. Tal vez usted se ha encontrado con las uñas entre los dientes mientras se está sentado a través de una conferencia clase aburrida, anticipando un encuentro que cambia la carrera con su supervisor, o observando ansiosamente el destino de tu película de terror favorita heroína.

    Mordiendo las uñas es un hábito que suele comenzar en la infancia. Los estudios muestran un 60% de los niños y el 45% de los adolescentes se muerden las uñas. Morderse las uñas es menos común después de los 18 años, pero puede continuar hasta la edad adulta. Muchos adultos y niños a menudo no saben que están mordiendo las uñas ya que al hacerlo se ha convertido en un hábito.

    El problema puede variar desde un hábito ocasional y ligera para un problema actual y más grave.

    Como dejar de comerse las uñas y cuales son sus causas?

    El estrés y el aburrimiento son los culpables principales de uñas de agarre para la mayoría de la gente. El hábito es a menudo una forma de aliviar la ansiedad o para mantener al menos una parte del cuerpo mientras la mente ocupada carece de interés. La frustración y la soledad son otros desencadenantes emocionales que pueden conducir a morderse las uñas. Algunas investigaciones sugieren que los genes pueden jugar un papel.

    Morderse las uñas también puede ser un síntoma de un trastorno psicológico, como el trastorno obsesivo-compulsivo (TOC). Las personas que se lavan las manos varias veces en una fila o comprobar las cerraduras de las puertas delanteras compulsivamente también pueden morder las uñas, como parte del mismo espectro de comportamientos. Muchos niños que son mordedores de uñas también tienen otros trastornos psiquiátricos, como trastorno por déficit de atención con hiperactividad (TDAH), trastorno de oposición desafiante (ODD), trastorno de ansiedad por separación, o mojar la cama.

    Regular mordiendo las uñas que causa graves daños a la uña y la piel circundante puede ser considerado una forma de auto-mutilación, similar a los comportamientos de corte y afines.

    Problemas con uñas Morder Regular

    Morderse las uñas tiene consecuencias tanto físicas como emocionales. Regularmente morderse las uñas y las cutículas puede dejar sus dedos roja y dolorida. El área de la piel alrededor de las uñas pueden sangrar e infectarse. Las bacterias y los virus pasan de los dedos en la cara y la boca pueden hacer vulnerable a la infección.

    Morderse las uñas también puede dañar los dientes, dando lugar a mal alineados, los dientes debilitados.

    La apariencia de las uñas mordidas hacia abajo también puede ser embarazoso, que sólo puede añadir a la ansiedad y el estrés.

    Como dejar de comerse las uñas - Tratamiento de uñas mordidas

    Muchos niños crecen con el tiempo de morderse las uñas. Pero para los adolescentes y adultos que todavía luchan con la costumbre, algunas técnicas han demostrado resultados.

    Escudo tus uñas con un esmalte con sabor amargo morder uñas. El sabor desagradable te desanime de morder. También puede utilizar un clavo normal transparente o de color de uñas para evitar morderse las uñas. La misma técnica se puede trabajar con su hijo.
    Mantenga las uñas cortas. Usted tendrá menos de un clavo a morder.
    Cómo manicuras regulares. Si vas a gastar el dinero para mantener las uñas buscando atractivo, será menos probable que los muerda.
    Utilice una técnica alternativa para manejar su estrés. Trate de yoga, la meditación, la respiración profunda, o apretar una pelota anti-estrés para que se relaje.
    Coloque una banda elástica alrededor de la muñeca y ajústela cada vez que reciba el impulso de morder las uñas.

    Si has probado estas técnicas y nada funciona, use guantes o poner vendas autoadhesivas en las puntas de los dedos para que sus uñas no se podrá acceder a morder.
    Hable con su médico o profesional de salud mental si morderse las uñas persiste junto con la ansiedad y el estrés. Podría ser una señal de un problema psicológico más grave, incluyendo OCD, que puede tratarse con asesoría psicológica o medicamentos.

    Más info: sobre como dejar de comerse las uñas
              Fluoridated Water with Inorganic Arsenic Pose US Health Risks        
    Clean drinking water is fundamental for good health. But the truth is, home tap water is far from healthy. It is proven that tap waters contain a vast array of disinfection byproducts, chemicals, heavy metals and even pharmaceutical drugs. Among the most dangerous contaminants are fluoride and arsenic. The USGS National Water-Quality Assessment Program finds […]

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    Acid – the root cause of all health problems. Many doctors and researchers agree that acid is at the primary suspect behind all health complications, infections, viruses, and diseases. It makes sense to avoid acid-forming foods and eat more of alkaline-forming foods. Yet, some people have to have their acid foods no matter what. They […]

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              VOYAGEUR 50 MILE TRAIL RUN RACE REPORT        

    On Saturday I finished my 7th Voyageur 50 Mile Trail Run. Voyageur is really a special race. Even though the race grew by over 100 runners over last year, to 340 starters this year, it still has the small home-town feel as well as a family feel.  The first year I ran Voyageur in 2004, there were 85 starters!  Yes, 85. I know so many of the people who run Voyageur or who are volunteering , it is just like an ultra family reunion.

    I stayed with Jean and Jody. Jody would be running her first 50 mile race! Woot!

    We stayed at Black Bear Casino. It was clean, it wasn’t very noisy, but oh man, the smoke!  I hadn’t thought about the fact that Casino’s allow smoking. Ugh. Our room was ‘smoke free’ but the cigarette smoke penetrated the non smoking room.  I won’t stay there again.

    Race morning was beautiful, 48F with  a promise of mid 70s with clear skies. The promise didn’t disappoint!

    At the start there were so many friends!  Hugs, kisses, photos, it was like a family reunion.  I dropped a few Ziplocs off at the drop bag stations incase I might want to use gloves or spikes through the powerlines. I never did need them.

    Greg and I were going to run the first few hours together. He felt he went out too fast last year and wanted to hang with me as I don’t go out to fast. Ever. I just don’t go fast period.  We ended up running the first two hours together. It was so great to hear about his trip out West to crew/pace Bob while running and finishing HardRock!  The miles went by quickly.

    There were a few bunch ups along the first section out to Jay Cooke and the swinging bridge. I don’t recall this in the past. There was some mud, some water and a few rocky climbs. It was holding people up. We stood around and waited. No rush!

    After running over the swinging bridge we came into Aid Station 1. Woo!  It is so much fun to run along and see friends volunteering. With so many aid stations I really have to watch the clock to make sure I’m not spending too much time visiting! There were 9 aid stations, which you hit twice which means loads of time to spend hanging about talking. I just have so much fun though and love these people so much. I can’t help myself.

    Shelly was there with Greg’s bag, switching out bottles, asking what he needed. I had a full Nathan vest on so didn’t need anything. It was getting warm and humid. We moved on through and began the run toward the powerlines.

    When we ran into Aid Station 3, Peterson’s, I had a Ziploc bag there. I grabbed my gloves from the bag just incase I needed them for grabbing vegetation to hold onto while climbing the powerlines, if they were muddy and slick. Rick was  pouring water and was going to fill my pack while I still wore it upon my back. All was going well until he dropped the pitcher of water. BRRR!  Down my back/butt it went. It was freezing!  We had a good laugh and off we went!

    The miles were going by quickly. We were going to be heading into the powerlines soon. Guess who we run into, Andrew and Ed!  So funny. We have a little game going on this year, since Psycho Wyco.  They are in front of me, I catch them, they try to beat me to the finish. They succeeded at PW, not at Chippewa, and now at Voyageur. So much fun, really!!  I couldn’t contain my laughter and smiles.

    Aid Station 4 Grand Portage, entry to the powerlines. As I was running  toward the station I spied Jean on her bike!  It was so good to see her and get a hug. She was there to support Jody and thought she should be coming in soon. She took a few photos, I emptied my gels, mixed a bottle of UCAN as was on my way.

    The powerlines weren’t muddy! I didn’t need the spikes or the gloves. I was able to climb them just fine and pick my way down. Greg had some nifty poles, I might look into a pair. After we climbed the first few powerlines I asked Greg if he’d like to go in front of me as I was picking my way along more slowly and looked like he could really move. He went off ahead and I didn’t see him again until I was coming into the turnaround,  as he was about two miles ahead.  He was moving well!

    As I was climbing along I ran into Casey, who I haven’t seen since Superior 100, 2006, I believe. We talked and laughed, caught up a bit. It was so good to see him again.

    I felt really great. My legs felt strong, my breathing was good, no problems, I was so thankful to be able to do this race, to spend a long day in the woods. I gave thanks. I thought about how fortunate I was to be able to do this. I really love it.

    Before I knew it I was out of the powerlines and running toward yet another aid station. Amazing. They were all over the place. Wearing my vest was overkill. I really only needed a handheld bottle, which is what I normally use. With Superior 100 on the horizon, a vest is a practice measure.

    I began to run alone. Even with over 300 people on the trail we had spread about and I enjoyed the solo time. I was taking care of myself, consuming salt tablets, nutrition and plenty of water. I wasn’t in any pain. I was just smiling, spending time in the moment, feeling joy. I hadn’t even thought about  listening to music.

    I was coming in on Fond du Lac and knew that Doug and Maria would be at this station. I couldn’t wait!  I ran in and saw all of the ducks that Todd had placed in the water. So cute!  Big blow up duckies. What a treat!  I hugged and caught up with Maria for a few minutes, congratulated her on NeverSummer 100K and then had to get a move on.  I ran through the water, petted a blow up duck and hit the trail.

    Becks Road was coming up next. UMTR aids this station so I knew I’d see many friends there as well. As I came in there were many hugs and photos. Matt, Amy, Willow, Rob, so many that I am not listing because I still have ‘ultra brain’. Rob asked me to try a pickle. I did, it was really good!  I had a few cups of Coke and headed across the road. Good times!

    I felt like I was running from one group of friends to another group of friends; strung together by a wonderful trail.  This was really great.

    The woods were beautiful. There had been plenty of rain this summer, everything was green and lush, most of the horse holes were filled in with thick grass and running was pretty easy. I was keeping my heart rate under 140 without a problem, running about an 11-12 minute mile most of the time. I was going to be running into Skyline Parkway next and knew that I had a drop bag there. I could get rid of the spikes I had been hauling and the gloves. Shelly was going to drop my bottle here, too, so I could mix another bottle of UCAN. The UCAN, a few gels, some watermelon and Coke seemed to work well for me.

    The water crossing were not real deep, but deep enough to cool my feet. I couldn’t believe I didn’t feel any blisters yet. This year I haven’t had any blisters at all.  This may be due to the Altras I’ve been wearing. I usually have at least some hot spots.

    I came into Skyline and Brook and Mike said someone came through asking if anyone knew Julie Berg. Shelly had dropped my bottle for me!  How thoughtful. They handed it off to me, I dug around in my bag and prepared a bottle of UCAN. I dropped the spikes and gloves, chugged the bottle and headed out. It was so much fun to see everyone. I began to climb the road section, knowing that I’d be at the turnaround soon.

    The cut-off for the turnaround at the Zoo is 7 hours. I figured I’d be there by 6. No problem. The sun was warm now, we were exposed along the road. Much of this part was a climb before heading down into the Zoo. I walked along, climbing climbing climbing. Pretty soon I was at Spirit Mountain. It is so cool to run along the face of the ski hills, looking down at the Lake Superior, looking up at the chair lifts. I enjoyed it so much. As I was running along many of my friends were running back toward me. I love the out and back on this course. I never meet anyone in the powerlines where the trail is narrow. I usually meet the bulk of the runners along the wider paths going into the turnaround. I saw so many friends, stopped to chat, hug, talk, then run along. I couldn’t stop smiling. I felt blessed. I am.

    At the turnaround I spied Jean!  She asked me how I felt so good, how could I be having so much fun? I tried to explain it to her-that I just really, really enjoyed spending the day in the woods, how much I love to run, how great it is to reconnect with friends. I don’t know if I was able to explain this well enough to her. She told me she was expecting Jody soon, I was thrilled!  I filled up my bladder, emptied out a few gel packs, consumed was watermelon and told Jean I had to head out. She took a few more pictures and I began the long climb back up Spirit Mountain.

    I began to notice a feeling kind of like shin splints in my left leg. That’s weird. Maybe it was the walking, climbing out from the turnaround. I haven’t had shin splints for years, I couldn’t really understand the feeling in my leg. Maybe my sock or gaitor was too tight. I haven’t been walking that much. I found that it hurt more to walk than it did to jog, so I began to jog up the hills. That helped for a while.

    I dug out my iPod and figured I’d listen to some music to distract myself. Unfortunatley I think my iPod decided to die on this day. I kept messing with it but couldn’t get it to work. I have had it since 2007!  I asked a guy running along to take a look at it, turns out his last name was Berg, too!  He couldn’t get it to work, he was willing to GIVE ME HIS iPod (really!), then we tried my iPhone in airplane mode. That worked fine, so I listened to music for a while. Thank you Mr. Berg!

    I popped back into Skyline, was happy to get off of the exposed road and ready to hit the trail again. I dug around in my bag, grabbed a few cliff blocks, said hello and goodbye to Brook and Mike and was on my way.

    The trail to Becks Road was quiet!  I only saw a few other people during this time. It was such a beautiful day. I was running well, feeling good, feeling so thankful for this day..and then the left leg would remind me that it was not happy.

    I was beginning to lose the ability to push off with my left foot. It felt stiff. I ran into Becks, had some more coke, thanked everyone and pushed on.

    Maria was coming up next at Fond du Lac so I was going to ask her for advice. I’d get this gaitor off and see what was going on under it. When I looked down at my leg it looked a little bit swollen, but none more than usual after 30 know?

    I came into the aid station and asked if I could sit in the chair. I never sit in the chair!  I plopped down and told Maria and Doug I had to get my gaitor off. Maria asked Troy to retrieve her BioFreeze. I told  her I felt like I had a shin splint or something. I was was flexing my foot up, feeling my shin, I told her it felt like tendonitis. She removed the gaitor, I told her to throw it away. She placed it into a baggie and said she’d wash it and maybe she’d sell it on EBAY. How much can we get for a Julie Berg gaitor she asked? It was hilarious. I sat there laughing! The BioFreeze felt good, I got up and was able to walk ok. Maria walked me out of the aid station and off I went!

    The next section has some crazy climbing with ropes going up hills to grab, now I’d be going down very steeply. I knew this could be rough without any flex in my foot. I tried to keep it steady as I took teeny tiny steps down the steep downs. Ouch. Now it hurt. What the heck? Shin splints are dumb. Go away.

    I moved on, still found that running felt better than walking so jogged the uphills and picked my way down them, trying not to flex my foot. I decided to take a few Advil to see if that would take the edge off. It didn’t. That kind of concerned me.

    The course flattened out a bit, I was able to run pretty well in sections before climbing back through the powerlines. I knew it would be difficult with this stiff foot hanging behind me. I just couldn’t flex it. I never thought that this might be anything more than soreness from shin splints, a bit of tendonitis. I knew that shin splints go away pretty much as soon as I’m done running, I’ve had them before.

    I found that I could still run downhill pretty well. There were long long downhills that I was able to run along pretty quickly, again passing Ed and Andrew. Ha!  Good times!  I really was having a blast and kind of tucked my pain away into another crevice of my mind. I just wasn’t going to think about it.

    The powerlines were pretty warm now. Climbing was great, coming down was a bit difficult without flexing my foot. Oh well. It wasn’t too bad. It was getting real warm. The powerlines are exposed so I was heating up. I took a few more salt tabs.  Drank some more water, began to think about Coke  at Peterson’s!  I was only about 10 miles from the finish.

    I came into Peterson’s, so excited for Coke!  I drank 2 cups, had a gel, knowing the sugar and caffeine was going to be like rocket fuel for me. It was. I was able to really run quickly on the flats, enjoying the experience.

    Jay Cooke!  I couldn’t believe that I was at the final aid station. I gave out hugs and thanks, drank some more  Coke and ran across the bridge. I was really excited I was going to finish around 13 hours with this leg thing which had held me back.  The last section is the most difficult for me. Not so difficult at the beginning, miles 1-3, but difficult at the end, miles 47-50. It is rocks, roots, steep scrambles over boulders and just painful. It also feels like it goes on forever.

    I kept smiling, knowing I had almost made it. I moved very slowly, all of those people that I had passed were passing me now. Even Ed and Andrew came along. I had to laugh, told them I’d see them at the finish. Now I was getting concerned, I was dragging my foot along, it was not letting me move it at all. What the hell?

    I had to scooch down onto my butt to get down some of the rocky ledges, trying to hold my foot straight. My shin was pretty swollen now. What in the world. Dumb shin splints. I finally came up to the bridge, walked across the bridge and up onto the bike path. I tried to run and couldn’t even run on the bike path. Hmmmm….not good.  My foot was not having it. Another person passed me. Oh man. I grimaced and kept on.  I made the turn and could see the finish line!

    Oh happy day!  I blocked out the pain and jogged toward the end. I could hear all of the bells, the Julie Bergs!, the clapping and cheering. So much fun!  I crossed the finish line in just over 13 hours. Thank goodness!!  Jean and Jody took pictures; Jody made it to 40 miles before she was pulled-her longest run!!! So awesome!! She felt good! Big hugs for all of  my friends, Greg finished in 12 something, was doing well, it was one big party. I feel so grateful to be a part of this community, it really is special.

    I visited for an hour or so and decided to head for home. I have about a 2.5 hour drive. I had some cramping on the way, didn’t stop, I knew I wasn’t going to be able to walk on my foot, it felt stiff.

    Sunday my leg was red and swollen. I hobbled around, able to make it to Church and grocery shopping. Monday I couldn’t place weight on it.  Red, swollen, intense pain. I was sure it was broken now. How could have I run on a broken leg? Did I cross that damn line again between fun and injury again? No way. It didn’t feel that bad at the time. I thought it was a shin splint. Or tendonitis. Ugh.

    I went to the clinic on Monday and learned I have a thing; cellulitis, a skin infection. The MD diagnosed it right away. I told him I really thought I broke something. Nope, it’s a skin infection. He drew a line around the red swollen area and told me if it grew out of this line I needed to go to the ER. He prescribed antibiotics that I’ve been taking for three days now. The redness is gone. I still can’t walk on it, can’t place any weight upon it which seems odd to me. The swelling is going down. I’m unable to flex my foot.  I can’t help but think I have cellulitis AND a fracture. It’s very painful. The MD doesn’t believe the run had anything to do with the infection. The infection just came out while I was running. If it had come out a day earlier I wouldn’t have been running. Very strange.

    Oh well, I otherwise have felt great after this race. No muscle soreness, no blisters, no other pains. Awesome recovery. I guess I was in pretty good 50 mile shape! 

              Han sacrificado 15 mil aves por brote de gripe aviar        
    Hay otras 151 mil 132 aves en cuarentena y la granja donde se encuentran será desinfectada en su totalidad

    Por Edgardo Civallero

    Enciclopedia. Su nombre deriva de una lectura ligeramente errónea del original griego "enkyklios paideia", que significa "educación general". Ese nombre saltó del griego al latín, y de allí a casi todas las lenguas europeas, para convertirse, más tarde, en un sinónimo de "saber general".

    Las enciclopedias constituyeron uno de los cimientos más firmes de las colecciones de referencia de nuestras bibliotecas. Y, aún en un mundo dominado por muchos soportes digitales, continúan siendo el escalón inicial de cualquier investigación o acercamiento a una materia. Buen ejemplo de la importancia que tienen en la actualidad es el asombroso desarrollo y la difusión de la Wikipedia, en la cual, bajo la dirección de un equipo plural de editores, un conjunto aún mayor de contribuyentes aporta conocimientos referidos a tópicos de su especialidad.

    Un proceso similar ocurrió, hace siglos, durante la elaboración de la enciclopedia más famosa en el ámbito europeo: la de Diderot y d'Alembert. Su historia no está desprovista de curiosidades. Permítanme compartirla con ustedes.

    En 1728, Ephraim Chambers publicó en Londres su "Cyclopaedia", subtitulada "Un diccionario universal de artes y ciencias". Eran dos densos volúmenes in folio, con casi 2500 páginas, que pronto se convirtieron en una de las primeras –y más célebres– enciclopedias generales en lengua inglesa. Contaba con un sistema de referencias cruzadas bastante sólido y con una clasificación de los artículos por áreas de conocimiento (de las cuales el autor anotó 47). Basada en trabajos anteriores (como los de John Harris en 1704), la obra de Chambers destacó por haber sido elaborada con seriedad y buen juicio. De hecho, mantuvo su popularidad por años y fue el origen de la famosa "Encyclopédie" francesa.

    La "Encyclopédie", o "Diccionario razonado de ciencias, artes y oficios" se publicó en Francia entre 1751 y 1772, con revisiones y suplementos tardíos (1772, 1777 y 1780) y con numerosas traducciones y derivados posteriores. Originalmente, pretendía ser una sencilla traducción de la obra de Chambers al francés. A tal efecto, el editor André Le Breton encargó, en 1743, la labor de traducción a un inglés residente en París, John Mills, hasta entonces un modesto escritor que había elaborado algunos textos sobre agricultura en su país natal. En mayo de 1745 –dos años después– Le Breton anunció que el trabajo estaba listo para la venta. Grande fue su sorpresa cuando se enteró que Mills no sólo no hablaba ni escribía correctamente el francés (muchos dicen que apenas lo balbuceaba), sino que ni siquiera tenía una copia de la "Cyclopaedia" para comenzar su trabajo. Un trabajo que, como supondrá el atento lector, no estaba ni siquiera iniciado.

    Le Breton había sido descaradamente estafado. Lleno de rabia, buscó a Mills y le propinó tal paliza (unos dicen que con una caña, otros que con un bastón) que el "traductor" presentó cargos contra el editor a las Cortes. Estas, tras estudiar el caso, dieron la razón a Le Breton, pues, de acuerdo a su juicio, la agresión estaba "justificada por la incompetencia del agredido".

    Le Breton reemplazó a Mills por Jean Paul de Gua de Malves en 1745. Entre los contratados por Malves para realizar el enorme trabajo de traducción se encontraban Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, Jean le Rond d'Alembert y Denis Diderot. En agosto de 1747, Malves fue despedido por Le Breton, debido a sus rígidos métodos de trabajo. Otras versiones explican que el propio Malves se marchó, hastiado de la labor. Le Breton contrató entonces a Diderot y a D'Alembert como nuevos editores. Y el inicial trabajo de traducción se convertiría en uno de redacción.

    Diderot permanecería en su puesto 25 años, pudiendo ver su obra finalizada.

    El trabajo contó con 35 volúmenes, 71.818 artículos y más de 3.000 ilustraciones. Muchas de las más grandes figuras de la Ilustración francesa colaboraron en esos artículos: Voltaire, Rousseau, Montesquieu... Louis de Jaucourt fue el contribuyente que batió el récord de artículos escritos: 17.266. Ocho por día, entre 1759 y 1765...

    El mismo Le Breton se dio el lujo de escribir un artículo de la "Encyclopédie": el dedicado a la tinta negra, "Encre noire". También se dio otro lujo: el de censurar un buen número de textos, para hacer la obra menos "radical". Este hecho ocasionaba frecuentes ataques de ira de Diderot. Los recortes de Le Breton se ensañaron con artículos como "Sarracenos o Árabes" y "Filosofía pírrica"... En todos los casos, existían motivos políticos para realizar las censuras.

    Los escritos de la "Encyclopédie" eran revolucionarios, debido a su enfrentamiento abierto con los dogmas católicos. De hecho, la totalidad del trabajo fue prohibido por decreto real en 1759. Afortunadamente, debido al apoyo que tenía de parte de ciertas personas influyentes –como la célebre Madame de Pompadour– el trabajo continuó "en secreto". En realidad, las autoridades civiles no querían deshacer una actividad comercial que daba trabajo a muchas personas. La prohibición fue, en realidad, una tapadera para acallar las furibundas quejas de la Iglesia.

    La "Encyclopédie" se transformó en una obra célebre, tanto por sus ideas como por sus autores. Sin embargo, hubo trabajos mucho más relevantes, realizados con siglos de antelación y por parte de autores unitarios. Lamentablemente, muchas de esas obras han desaparecido, o han caído en el olvido más absoluto. Algunos ejemplos pueden ser los siguientes:

    – La enciclopedia médica de 30 volúmenes escrita por Abu al–Qasim al–Zahrawi, el padre de la cirugía moderna, en el año 1000.
    – La primera enciclopedia científica conocida, "Kitab al-Shifa", de Ibn Sina o Avicena, escrita entre 1000 y 1030. Poseía 9 volúmenes sobre lógica, 8 sobre ciencias naturales, 4 sobre aritmética, astronomía, geometría y música, y otros tantos sobre filosofía, psicología y metafísica.
    – El "Canon de la Medicina", una enciclopedia de 14 volúmenes escrita también por Avicena hacia 1030. La obra fue referencia y modelo en las universidades europeas y musulmanas hasta el siglo XVII. En ella se presentaba la medicina experimental, el descubrimiento de las enfermedades infecto-contagiosas y un largo etcétera.
    – El "Canon Masudicus" de Abu al-Rayhan al-Bisudi (1031), una extensiva enciclopedia sobre astronomía.
    – La enciclopedia de 43 tomos de Ibn al-Nafis (1242-1244) titulada "El Libro Comprehensivo sobre Medicina", una de las mayores enciclopedias médicas de la historia, aunque solo unos pocos volúmenes hayan sobrevivido.

    Lamentablemente, la mayoría de las grandes obras del saber islámico –cuyos conocimientos fueron precursores de los "descubrimientos" realizados en Europa mucho más tarde– desaparecieron bajo el peso de las invasiones mogolas en Bagdad, las Cruzadas o la conquista de Andalucía por los reinos cristianos hispanos. Mucho fue quemado y destruido. Solamente aquellos textos que habían sido traducidos al latín –durante los siglos XII y XIII– en centros de cultura y saber como Toledo, Segovia, Cataluña, Sicilia o el sur de Francia, pudieron conservarse para la posteridad.

    Siglos después, fueron muchos los que se adjudicaron descubrimientos y pasaron a los libros de ciencia como grandes figuras, cuando en realidad esos descubrimientos ya habían sido realizados siglos antes. Cosas de la historia.

    En realidad, cosas de la historia eurocentrista... "Eurotodo", diría Eduardo Galeano al respecto, titulando un texto en la página 103 de su último libro, "Espejos":

    "Copérnico publicó, en agonía, el libro que fundó la astronomía moderna.
    Tres siglos antes, los científicos árabes Muhayad al-Urdi y Nasir al-Tusi habían generado teoremas que fueron importantes en el desarrollo de su obra. Copérnico los usó, pero no los citó.
    Europa veía el mundo mirándose al espejo.
    Más allá, la nada.
    Las tres invenciones que hicieron posible el Renacimiento, la brújula, la pólvora y la imprenta, venían de China. Los babilonios habían anunciado a Pitágoras con mil quinientos años de anticipación. Mucho antes que nadie, los hindúes habían sabido que la Tierra era redonda y le habían calculado la edad. Y mucho mejor que nadie, los mayas habían conocido las estrellas, los ojos de la noche, y los misterios del tiempo.
    Estas menudencias no eran dignas de atención".

    El mismo Galeano afirma en la misma página del mismo libro, en el texto titulado "Sur":

    "Los mapas árabes todavía dibujaban el sur arriba y el norte abajo, pero ya en el siglo trece Europa había establecido el orden natural del universo [el norte arriba y el sur abajo]".

    Galeano nos cuenta que la biblioteca imperial de Pekín tenía, en el siglo XV, 4000 libros en los que reunía el saber del mundo. Seis libros tenía, por entonces, el rey de Portugal.

    Cosas de la historia. Cosas de la memoria. Afortunadamente, las actuales enciclopedias virtuales permiten la existencia de versiones en chino, árabe, ruso, griego, y tantos y tantos otros idiomas. Pero, por desgracia, los que sólo sabemos leer el alfabeto latino y un par de idiomas europeos tenemos que quedarnos con los artículos que nos cuentan todo desde este lado del espejo.

    Vuelvo, para cerrar esta entrada, al principio. La palabra "enciclopedia" deriva del griego, y significa "educación general". Quizás algún día tengamos una "generalidad" que abarque y tenga en cuenta a todos y a todo. Tal vez ese día podamos aprender algo nuevo, diverso y realmente valioso. Mientras tanto, deberemos conformarnos con la "generalidad" de siempre.


              How To Remove Adware Quickly and Safely        
    Has your computer processing speed now slowed down to a snails pace. In addition you also appear to be getting these unwanted banners and pop ups appearing on your computer screen. Then you need to be aware that you have probably been infected with what is known as adware or spyware. It has been estimated by CNN that 90% of computers have been infected with spyware. It is usually occurs when you were surfing a new site or downloading music.
              Get Rid of Spyware and Adware Before it Damages Your Computer        
    Are you being plagued by annoying adware popups that are suddenly appearing on your computer screen. In addition, if you noticing your computer slowing down and programs just taking too long to load, your homepage keeps changing, then you have probably been infected by spyware and adware. It must be stressed that you need to sort this out important issue as soon as possible before it damages your computer.
              How to Remove Spyware Infections Safely        
    If you have noticed problems such as your computer getting slower, annoying pop-up messages or too many error messages that appear on your screen, then probably you have been infected with malware such as adware and spyware. But please do not pass this problem off as annoying pop-ups, it is far more serious that that.
              NoAdware Review - Top Adware and Spyware Remover        
    If you are having annoying pop ups appearing on your computer screen with adverts which you do not definitely want and do not desire, then you have been infected with adware. In addition if you notice that you computer has got considerably slower then you probably have also got infected by spyware. This has happened when you probably were browsing some new site. This type of malware is very dangerous to have on your PC or laptop.
    Many times, during a run, I find myself talking to my body.
    I am not talking to myself. I am talking to the vessel carrying me across the path.
    I have had that kind of relationship with my body for years, decades, really, since I began climbing mountains and trying to find a way to work through the altitude sickness and reach the top. I treat my body as if it has a conscience. It works for me. If it makes me look a little New Agey, well, that's OK.
    But before Arizona a week ago, since the Chicago Marathon in October, I'd been in a spat with my body. Cramps ravaged me in Chicago despite a wonderful first half, and I was pissed at it. This wasn't rational, but spats rarely are, even to the point where I refused to acknowledge that I pushed it too hard, too fast. I refused to acknowledge, in other words, that the fight was mostly my fault.
    As a result, for the first time since I began running in 2005, I found myself having to push myself to get outside. I almost fell into a depression, and I probably would have, if depression wasn't a selfish luxury that my busy Dad life can't afford. I ran out of habit, or to get my golden retriever puppy out, or a way to escape the house for a half hour or so. I didn't run out of joy. And when I ran, I was silent. I didn't talk to my body at all. I was alone.
    I even faked it on Twitter occasionally, tweeting that I was recovered from the marathon, ready to go, blah blah blah.
    I now understand what was wrong. Something really is wrong. I've downplayed it a bit on Facebook and Twitter, but I'm dealing with a doozy here, and yet it's a doozy that doesn't sound like it should be a doozy. It sounds like something your 94-year-old grandfather should be battling.
    My sinuses are a mess.
    Years ago, I'd get a sinus infection with every cold. If you haven't had one, try pouring rubber cement and a razor blade in your nose, then do a lap around the track 20 times wearing a sweater. The Netti Pot took care of the chronic problem for a few years. But I got a cold in late August, while training for the marathon. Then the flood hit, and I worked two weeks into one, most of it under rain and in sewage and rivers, and all of it was emotionally draining. Did I keep training? Of course I did.
    The sinus infection that came probably as a result hasn't gone away. In fact, after a brief time when I thought the drugs had worked, the infection's gotten worse.
    There's been some pain, a near-constant stuffy head and a general feeling of being run down, like all I can do once my kids go to bed on most nights is go to bed after them. I have seen a specialist, and I'm getting a CT scan in a couple weeks. I wouldn't be surprised if surgery wasn't next.
    The only thing that kept me running was Arizona. I was going to run the Rock and Roll Half on Jan. 19, and if I was going to travel to a place to run a race, I wasn't going to suck at it. I may not PR, and the chances of me even turning in a decent race were pretty slim, I thought, but I would not suck. That would be a waste of time and money and my Get Out Of Jail free card from the spouse.
    At times, running sucked. My sinuses weren't draining, so all that poison went down my throat, not out of my nose. Fun. So at the start of every run, I choked to the point of nearly puking for at least two miles. After one especially tough run, I was on my knees for 10 minutes, spitting and coughing, at a park while others stared.
    Three weeks before Arizona, though, just in the nick of time, my body seemed to rally. I could breathe. My legs, unburdened with speed workouts, seemed bouncy. My attitude improved. So did my outlook on running. I put in some good miles, and I even began to enjoy them.
    This led me to the morning of the race. I was in the first corral, the badass corral, having no idea whether I belonged to be there. I always tell people to be thankful before the start of a race. It had been a tough few weeks, and I chose, instead, to wait to see what happened.
    At mile 3, when I passed my running partner, I turned to her and said "today's going to be a good day."
    I tell people to be thankful because you don't know when some shit's gonna go down and you won't be able to run any longer. One of my closest friends is going through that now. My partner, one of the toughest people I know, had some recurring back problems that day, even though she still finished strong. You just don't know.
    This ending isn't perfect. I've felt pretty lousy the last couple of days, and I won't feel myself until doctors fix what's wrong. That could take another two months, and that may be best-case. But until then, I'll think back to that day in Arizona, when I ran my second-best half ever, at 1:36, and I thanked my body many times for responding the way it did.
    I thanked my body as I talked to it continually throughout the race. And when I did, it felt to me like old friends sharing a pot of coffee.

              Inside Ebola        
    (c) P Casaer
    Last year's media coverage of the Ebola epidemic in West Africa riveted me on two fronts: seeing how western society reacted to the threat of a highly mobile, lethal virus and how the affected nations themselves (Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea) managed the trauma, on the heels of decades of conflict and instability.

    If you work in this business, you have friends who worked there inside one relief effort or another. Their stories are illuminating, for no man-made conflict presents so starkly the moral dilemma of Ebola: the patient you are treating is a vector of lethal contagion. In war, by contrast, we work primarily with victims of conflict, less the combattants themselves. Lethality is once removed. Ebola means handling live hand grenades, their safety pin already pulled; the infected are landmines we knowingly tread upon. 

    The bravery of those who choose to do this work is astounding--particularly national staff who have nowhere to run, no voluntary exit as expats do. Ebola, the great divider: gone are the disaster tourists, the adventure-seekers, the self-glorifiers among us.

    And yet where in the media did we see anything that gave us reason for empathetic pause, an unblinking gaze sufficient to register the shared humanity of this apocalyptic visitation? It was nowhere to be seen. This past weekend in Brussels I was fortunate to see Affliction, Peter Casaer's new film from inside MSF treatment centers in the affected countries. Populated by care-givers, patients and their families, the film captures the human impact of this epidemic in ways we know are essential, yet were curiously absent as the crisis unfolded and global panic spiked.

    Check out the trailer -- the film has been submitted to the Toronto International Film Festival

              The state of Françafrique and French privilege for Africa’s most venal        
    In the 1960s, post-colonial Africa was the most hopeful place on the planet. Post-partum exuberance in Europe’s former colonies was infectious and abundant. Yet fate has not been kind to sub-Saharan Africa. From Namibia to Guinea to Somalia, the path of most sub-Saharan nations has traced an arc of intimate complicity with the predatory appetites of their former colonial masters. Nowhere has this neo-colonial continuation of anti-development and enrichment by and for the few been more evident than in France’s former colonies.

    The nature of governance in these ex-colonies attests to the abiding power of the self-serving instinct and immediate gain, over and against the long-term goal of national progress. Such is the confounding irony of Africa’s entire post-colonial era in nations previously occupied by France, Britain, Portugal and Belgium alike: why is the colonial, predatory model of governance so faithfully re-enacted by ruling African elites? It’s as if all that negative conditioning only succeeded in instilling a predatory instinct in the new ruling class. Why are Mandela-style visions for collective prosperity not more common, given the shared experience of subjugation and occupation across the continent?

    Read the rest of this analysis of Françafrique over at 3Quarksdaily.

              Auto entrepreneur - Le nettoyage à vapeur des véhicules...        
    Aujourd'hui, de nombreuses personnes se lancent en "Auto-entrepreneur" dans le nettoyage propre et ecologique des véhicules, bateaux, cuisines de restaurants
    Ainsi, commercialise un nettoyeur vapeur professionnel à un prix hyper compétitif.
    Avec ce nettoyeur à vapeur professionnel, il est possible de dégraisser et de désinfecter des objets ou des surfaces d'une manière écologique et définitive. C'est un nettoyeur vapeur professionnel "multi usage".
    Le nettoyeur vapeur pro LAVOR est composé d'un générateur vapeur électrique qui développe une vapeur sèche à une pression de 6 bars et une température de 160°C. La saleté est aspirée à l'intérieur d'un réservoir intégré à la machine.
    Ce nettoyeur vapeur pro Lavor est particulièrement adapté pour l'industrie alimentaire, pharmaceutique et mécanique, pour les véhicules, les hôpitaux et organismes sanitaires...

    Une vidéo de démonstration est consultable sur le site internet de, de plus le manuel d'utilisation est téléchargeable sur notre site internet.
    Le tarif actuel est de 1095 € HT + port.
    Il est possible d'obtenir un paiement en 3 X sans frais.
    Fort du succés de notre nettoyeur vapeur (plusieurs ventes par semaine) nous sommes heureux de vous faire profiter de cette offre (valable jusqu'à fin juin)

    Contact Presse:
    Profil du diffuseur :


    Communiqué envoyé le 17.05.2010 22:10:00 via le site dans la rubrique Environnement

    Diffuser votre communiqué de presse :

              Use a Proper Yeast Infection Diet to Quicken Healing From Candida        
    Many of us are only vaguely aware of how big a role diet has on our health. If you find yourself with a stubborn yeast infection changing the food you eat will have a dramatic effect on your chances of a quick cure.
              How to Get Rid of Yeast Infections Using Natural Yeast Treatments        
    If you are one of the many women who have tried and failed to get rid of a yeast infection with conventional treatment you already know how ineffective the methods used by your doctor can be. For this reason many of us are now turning to more natural remedies in a panic to see if these techniques can offer us any hope.
              4 Little Things You Can Do to Get Rid of a Yeast Infection Easily        
    To get rid of a yeast infection can take a lot of hard work if the condition has gotten hold of your system. Thankfully there are some very simple steps you can take to help you find a route to a yeast infection cure.
              Best Yeast Infection Treatment - Are Natural Yeast Infection Cures the Best Option?        
    Many of us are now seeking out natural cures when looking for the best yeast infection treatment. They are not only easier on the body but can be more effective too.
              What Will Happen If I Leave My Yeast Infection Untreated?        
    I can often be tempting to forget about health problems and hope that they will go away on their own. But what would the consequences be of leaving a yeast infection untreated?
              Do Home Remedies For Yeast Infections Provide a Permanent Solution to Your Yeast Infection Problem?        
    The vast majority of women and a surprisingly large number of men suffer from a yeast infections at some point in their lives. Unfortunately for many of us what seems to be a minor problem can turn into a condition that recurs consistently over a period of years giving us little hope of finding a cure.
              Natural Treatment For Yeast Infection That Works Better Than the Pharmacy Yeast Infection Cure        
    If your fed up using the drug store creams and tablets which claim to offer a yeast infection cure but never seem to work it might be time to try a natural treatment for yeast infection. Offering a permanent cure without the side effects and cost of conventional treatments, natural cures are gaining in popularity.
              Natural Remedies For Yeast Infections - A Permanent Fix to Your Yeast Infection is Worth the Effort        
    Finding natural remedies for yeast infections requires looking beyond the conventional treatments offered by your doctors. But you'll the little extra effort required to find and implement the remedies are more than made up for by the excellent results achieved.
              Naturally Cure a Yeast Infection With 2 Secret Yeast Killing Gifts From Nature        
    Using natural products to help us improve health and longevity has become the fashion these days, and for good reason. Do a little digging and you'll find that nature provides many answers and can even help those of us who want to naturally cure yeast infection.
              Yeast Infection - Natural Cures Your Doctor Doesn't Know About        
    Have you ever wondered about the fact your doctor only ever hands over products made by pharmaceutical companies when you visit him with a health problem? How did we ever survive before these multinational corporations existed to supply us with their chemical remedies? With so many of us suffering from yeast infections these days you have to wonder how the condition was dealt in days gone by. You would have to imagine that every woman on earth must have been constantly enduring a yeast infection.
              3 Yeast Infection Diet Tips Which Can Provide a Natural Yeast Infection Cure        
    Tired of having to deal with a yeast infection which never seems to go away for long? Using diet as part of a natural yeast infection treatment program is a great way to put your body on the road to recovery.
              3 Natural Cures For Yeast Infections Which Have Proven to Work Time and Again        
    When you've struggled for years with a recurring yeast infection problem there comes a point when you have to say, enough is enough. If the yeast infection treatments handed out by your doctor are ineffective then maybe its time to try one of the natural cures for yeast infection.
              How to Get Rid of a Yeast Infection Using Only Natural Treatment For Long Term Success        
    When your doctors treatment for a recurring yeast infection repeatedly fails to deliver the cure that you need it is time to ask a new question. How can I learn to get rid of yeast infection using natural methods?
              Yeast Infection - Natural Treatments Work Better Than Your Doctors Favorite Cure        
    So many of us suffer from a yeast infection these days that it is little wonder there is great need for information on their successful treatment. While many individuals choose to use the products found on the drug store shelf, an increasing number are also discovering the advantages of natural treatments for yeast infection.
              How to Treat Yeast Infections Using Garlic        
    With more that seventy percent of woman finding themselves with a yeast infection at some point of their lives there is great need for information on how to go about treatment. For those who choose a more natural approach it can be helpful to learn how to treat yeast infections with the help of garlic.
              Got a Yeast Infection? Pregnancy Makes You More Susceptible        
    While it is very common at any time for a woman to suffer from a yeast infection, pregnancy makes the condition even more likely to show up. What effect does a yeast infection have on your pregnancy and what can you do about it?
              Is it Possible to Find a Natural Yeast Infection Cure That Works?        
    For those of us that have suffered the annoyance of a recurring yeast infection the dream of finding permanent freedom from the condition can seem too good to be true. Does there exist a natural yeast infection cure which produces results?
              Find a Natural Treatment For Yeast Infection That Will Give You Back Your Health        
    With seventy percent of women suffering from a yeast infection at some point there is obviously a need for quality information on the correct route to take in search of a cure. With a little research it is now possible to find a natural treatment for yeast infection that works better than conventional medicine.
              How to Get Rid of a Yeast Infection - What Are Your Options?        
    With seventy percent of woman suffering from the condition at some point in their life it is no surprise that so many of us are desperate to find out how to get rid of a yeast infection. The shelves at the pharmacy are crammed full of products which promise to relieve our symptoms and for most of us this is the first place we look for help. These treatments tend to offer a quick fix for yeast infections to many, though some people will find they don't work for them.
              What Causes Yeast Infection and How to Cure It!        
    Many people get upset when they first discover they have a yeast infection due to the annoyance it presents. With a little understanding about what causes yeast infections and the ease with which it can be treated you'll find yourself much more relaxed about the situation.
              Learn to Cure Yeast Infection Naturally For Long Term Relief        
    The next time you find yourself with a yeast infection you might want to try to cure yeast infection naturally. These natural alternatives to the pharmaceuticals available in the drug store are easy to implement and don't come with nasty side effects associated with conventional treatments.
              Yeast Infections - Symptoms to Look Out For        
    Unfortunately, in this day and age yeast infections have become all too common with three quarters of woman suffering at some point in their lives. It is important to understand the yeast infections symptoms in order to catch it early and find treatment sooner rather than later.
              Why You Should Use Natural Yeast Infection Cures to Eradicate Yeast Problems        
    Many woman find themselves plagued for years by chronic yeast infections and give up all hope of finding a successful treatment. Natural yeast infection cures are now available which offer new hope to those who find themselves in this frustrating situation.
              Using Natural Yeast Infection Treatment to Take Control of Your Health        
    If you are fed up visiting your doctor for advice on how to cure a persistent yeast infection it may be time to try a more natural approach. A natural yeast infection treatment can be far more successful than the pharmaceuticals promoted by the drug companies, and you'll find them to be side-effect free.
              Discover Natural Cures For Yeast Infection        
    There are very few things as annoying or detrimental to our self-confidence as a persistent yeast infection. Many times our family doctor will prescribe topical ointments or anti-fungal treatments which seem to make little impact on the problem. With natural cures for yeast infection we can rid ourselves of the condition without the negatives of conventional medicines.
              Finding Yeast Infection Medicine - Conventional Or Alternative?        
    With a bewildering array of treatments now available to treat yeast infections it can be hard to find exactly what you need. Should you choose conventional yeast infection medicine or go for a more natural cure?
              Natural Cures For Yeast Infections - Does Such a Cure Exist?        
    With an incredible 75% of woman suffering from a vaginal yeast infection at some time in their life you would think that their would now be a general knowledge about the best way to proceed with treatment. However the fact is that many of us struggle to find a suitable cure with yeast infection become a recurring problem in many of our lives.
              2 Easy Tips For Natural Yeast Infection Treatment        
    Anyone who has suffered from yeast infection knows how infuriating it can become. Oftentimes you'll have trouble getting relief from your symptoms even after several treatments from your doctor. Thankfully, there is natural yeast infection treatment that can provide what we have all been waiting for, a permanent, side-effect free cure.
              Volunteer: Seal rehabilitation in Netherlands!!!        

    The Seal Rehabilitation and Research Centre (SRRC) in Pieterburen, the Netherlands, is looking for:

    *Enthusiastic volunteers who are experienced in animal husbandry.*

    The seals in the rehabilitation centre need intensive care treatment due to their health problems (mostly lungworm infections). We are looking for enthusiastic volunteers who will work together with the SRRC staff in the seals care department. The SRRC is expecting many seals to be admitted during this coming winter season.

    If you have experience with animal husbandry, and you are available in this coming winter, please send a letter to the SRRC

    We require a minimum period of six weeks, but prefer a longer period. We offer food and accommodation at the centre and the chance to work with seals in a motivated group of international colleagues.

    Seal Rehabilitation and Research Centre

    Hoofdstraat 94a


    The Netherlands

    Phone: (31) 595 - 526 526

    Fax: (31) 595 - 528 389



    English website:

              Comment on List Of Top 7 Best Android App To Hack Wi-Fi Password In 2017 by DR_Ross        
    My phone say ur files to download are infected with virus. Thats not good mister.
    This is where Rickey posts recommendations of noteworthy consumables, practices, and pastimes that have been deemed invaluable for the reader’s betterment. All products and pieces of advice listed herein have been Rickey tested and approved. Again, this is in no way shape or form a complete rip off of McSweeney’s (fa-la-la-la-la, lawyers, Rickey can’t hear you). Enjoy our latest installment of....


    Bombadil. Come now, a quirky indie band named after a minor Tolkien character? How could we not recommend this? For those pressed for time, two of their better songs are “Matthew” and “Honeymoon,” and pretty much anything off their third album “A Buzz, A Buzz” is pure gold.

    Getting your adult ADD under control.
    We don’t know about you, but modern technology is wreaking havoc on Rickey’s ability to function as a normal member of society. The smart phone, multiple email accounts, rss feeds, DVR schedule, Netflix queue, and online video gaming have taken a bit of a toll on Rickey's mental state over the years. But most alarming is what technology has done to Rickey’s porn viewing habits. Multiple tabbed browsing is the main culprit here. One window is never enough. No, Rickey needs sixteen Google Chrome windows simultaneously streaming the complete Sasha Grey oeuvre on his iMac like it’s like the goddamn control screen at CENTCOM. Yeah, that can’t be good… WHY HAS TECHNOLOGY RENDERED RICKEY SO UNABLE TO FOCUS IN THIS CRITICAL MATTER?!

    “The Passage” by Justin Cronin. Hey, here’s a nifty change: an extremely well written piece of pop fiction about vampires! This first installment in an epic trilogy kicks off with mankind unwittingly unleashing a virus upon the population which turns anyone infected into crazy snarling vampires (although the book goes to great pains not to use the V-word, that’s pretty much what they are). Then, like in all great literature, the vampire apocalypse occurs. That’s the first 100 pages. Think of this book as an amalgam of Cormack McCarthy’s “The Road” and King’s “The Stand” and you’re on the right track. Extremely well written and entertaining, the book is a delight to read. We’re told that movie rights have already been snatched up by Ridley Scott. As you know, vampire stuff is insufferably popular right now, so if you’re dying to be trendy like all the other cool kids, but don’t want to rot your brain by reading Stephenie Meyer, this is definitely the way to go.

    Kale Chips. Ever obsessed with maintaining regular bowel movements, Rickey is a big proponent of the dark leafy greens. Enter stage right: KALE. Despite being one of the most nutritious vegetables on the planet, kale also has the dubious distinction of tasting like broiled donkey grundle. Bummer, right? Here’s how to turn the tables back in your favor:

    -Wash & dry kale leaves and lay them on a baking sheet
    -Lightly brush leaves with oil of your choosing (vegetable or olive)
    -Sprinkle sparingly with salt
    -Bake kale for 10 minutes on each side at 350 degrees

    Fairly easy no? The results are most excellent. Crispy and tasty like a potato chip yet healthy like a high colonic! And with this dish comes the assurance that your next bowel movement will be a wholly enjoyable one. One wipe and Rickey’s finished! Hey, look gang, here’s a picture:“Louie” on FX. Where in the blue blazes did this guy come from? From Rickey's id, that's where. Much like “Seinfeld,” his new show is a mix of standup and scripted comedy, yet delightfully profane. We assure you, this is a sure lock for your best new comedy of the season.

    Arming yourself against the gathering Woodchuck menace. Rickey finally spotted him the other day. The little furry bastard that is devouring his garden. Last week he actually took one bite from three of Rickey’s eggplants. Taking a bite out of one wasn’t enough, no, that fuck needed to go from one eggplant to the next, chomping down then walking away, as if to say “nah, this large ripe black vegetable definitely isn’t for me, but I’m going to make goddamn certain that YOU don’t get to enjoy it!” And that’s why Rickey has become militant. There’s a BB gun in his parents’ house that will make short work of this foul beast. A soda can duct taped to the end of the barrel should do a decent job of suppressing the muzzle report and not alarming the neighbors. This is happening. We’ll toss up an image of Rickey standing over the vanquished beast in the coming days.

    Not getting too nutty crunchy. While Rickey may proclaim to be eco-friendly with his organic garden and compost pile, there’s a point where everyone must draw the line. For Rickey, that point was when he was offered a book about picking and preserving produce, entitled “Putting Things Away.” They might as well have called it “Canning Your Dignity for the Winter!” Sure, we suppose that Rickey could spend hours sterilizing jars, concocting the proper solution, and pickling his cucumbers only to offer them to his guests a few weeks later and hear them say “hey, this tastes just like a Vlassic…” and revel in the awkward knowledge that Rickey just spent 140 man-hours replicating something readily available for $3.68. We’re sorry, but that’s time better spent on loftier pursuits. Like romancing oneself to a NORAD screen of Jenna Haze!

              Iniciais de R$ 4,6 mil - Concurso da UFC/CE oferece vagas para médico - Inscrições para o concurso da UFC seguem disponíveis até 26 de março. Serão selecionados profissionais para especialidades de infectologia e pesquisa/farmacologia clínica        
    Inscrições para o concurso da UFC seguem disponíveis até 26 de março. Serão selecionados profissionais para especialidades de infectologia e pesquisa/farmacologia clínica
              Zika and the Brain: A Public Health Game Changer        
    Author: Dr. Rashid Chotani, Senior Scientist, IEM Human infection with Zika virus (ZIKV) was initially reported to be mild and non-life threatening. However, as ZIKV has been introduced into unexposed and highly dense populations, it has evolved. We know now that when the virus attacks the brain of an unborn child, the effects can be […]
              Taking the Fun Out of Fungus Getting Rid of Fungal Infections        
    Did you hear about the woman who dated a mushroom? She heard he was a real "fun guy" to be with. If you are spending too much time around any fungi of your own, it may be time to see your dermatologist. Fungal infections are nothing to laugh about (much like the aforementioned joke), and in some cases they can be either debilitating or disgusting - or often a combination of the two.

    If the thought of having a fungus growing on your body makes you feel a bit queasy, there's probably a reason. The bad news is that fungal infections aren't any fun; the good news is that they can be relatively easily treated. So if you have an infection on your body caused by a fungus, do something about it - quick!

    What is a Fungus?

    A fungus is a certain type of organism belonging to the fungus kingdom, which has more than 80,000 species (but sadly, no king or queen). Fungi are notoriously difficult to characterize, especially as they share traits with both plants and animals, although they lack both chlorophyll and vascular tissue. They can multiply both sexually and asexually (by cloning themselves), and they feed on many different types of organic material, ones that are both living and dead.

    Many things fall under the classification of fungi, including mushrooms, toadstools, spores, smuts, yeasts, molds and lichens, to name but a few. Some people choose to call fungi "primitive vegetables", and as such they are able to live in air, soil, on plants or in water. Often, they live on our skin.

    Fungal infections are caused by a harmful fungus (about half of all fungi fall into this category) which has infected your skin or has been breathed in by you and invaded your lungs, and they can appear in many different forms. Often it's difficult to ascertain whether a specific health complaint is caused by a fungal infection or not; this is where a dermatologist can be helpful in making an accurate diagnosis.

    General Fungal Infections

    Fungal infections are incredibly common and can happen to anyone, regardless of personal hygiene - although poor hygiene can definitely contribute to burgeoning infections. Here are a few you are most likely to encounter...

    Athlete's Foot. Also known as tinea pedis. Perhaps the most common fungal infection of all. Makes the foot red, itchy, scaly and often smelly. Occurs as the ringworm fungus loves feet, because they are so often encased in warm sweaty socks. This nice moist environment is a prime place for the fungus to thrive, and if not treated properly can even allow transfer to other parts of the body, such as the groin, nails, trunk etc. For some reason athlete's foot is more common among men (boys, take note) and usually affects the area between the fourth and fifth toes (foot fetishists, take note).

    Nail Infections. Can begin as a small yellow or white spot underneath a fingernail, but then spreads. As it burrows deeper and deeper into your toenail or fingernail it can cause discoloration, thickening or crumbling, and can be incredibly painful. In some cases the nail will separate itself from the nail bed and an unpleasant odor can occur. Usually caused by a group of fungi called dermatophytes, sometimes caused by yeasts or molds. Can easily be picked up in swimming pools or other moist, warm places where fungi thrive, much like athlete's foot.

    Scalp Ringworm. If your scalp is turning red, crusting and becoming incredibly itchy, there's a chance you have scalp ringworm. This is fairly common among young children, and it's estimated that 50 percent of all child hair loss is caused by this nasty fungus. It occurs primarily in one of three different guises: gray patch ringworm, black dot ringworm and inflammatory ringworm.

    Body Ringworm. Also known as tinea corporis. Usually occurs on parts of the body not covered by clothes, such as hands and face. Not as revolting as it seems as it not actually caused by a worm but by - surprise! - a fungus. Gets its name as it can cause a ring-shaped rash with scaly center. Can sometimes be passed on by cats although usually is passed on through human contact. So always wash your hands after stroking a feline... or a human.

    Lung fungal infection. Also known as aspergillosis, this fungus thrives in places such as air ducts and compost heaps, then it attacks your lungs. Can be most dangerous to people who have had lung disease in the past and therefore have cavities in their lungs which can become infected. However, this infection can be treated and does not usually spread outside the lung area.

    Personal Fungal Infections

    Also incredibly common, these fungal infections are the most unpleasant because they infect our most personal areas. Not to be confused with sexually-transmitted diseases, but they can be just as irritating - and sometimes even more so! And as the symptoms so often mimic those of STDs, sometimes it's hard to tell between the two. That's where a proper diagnosis by a doctor or dermatologist can be so important..

    Jock Itch. If you spend too much time flaunting a tight, wet Speedo on the beach in hot weather, chances are you'll develop jock itch. This fungal infection of the groin can attack both men and women, but it more common among the boys. Heat and humidity are the biggest factors contributing to this irritating itch, although wearing tight clothing or being very overweight can play a role as well. Results in nasty red pustules that are uncomfortable and unsightly and require medical treatment. Also called Ringworm of the Groin.

    Vaginal Yeast Infections. Caused by an overgrowth of the Candida albicans fungus, this unpleasant infection can cause extreme itchiness around the vagina, as well as an unpleasant discharge and smell as well as occasional pain and burning. It's estimated that ?? of all women have at least one yeast infection in their lives, which can easily spread to sexual partners. Easily treated in the vast majority of cases.

    Treatment of Fungal Infections

    Most fungal infections are treated with anti-fungal medications, but along with the correct meds you should also wash regularly and keep the affected areas clean and dry. Following a strict skin-care regime is important to avoid re-infection, or infecting others. That means, depending on which type of infection you have, not sharing towels or combs, wearing flip-flops in changing areas or poolside, using an anti-fungal foot spray, wearing clean cotton socks and underwear and changing into clean cotton clothes regularly.

    Here, in alphabetical order, are a few of the anti-fungal drugs you may be prescribed, follow the doctor or dermatologist's instructions and let them know beforehand if you are taking any other medications:






    Terbinafine Hydrochloride

    Fungal infections can affect anyone, and if you have a busy, active lifestyle chances are you'll come down with at least one - if not more - at some stage of your life. While fungal infections are never fun, there's no need to suffer in silence, so if you have any of the above symptoms, get thee to a doctor pronto. You'll have a new, fungal-free you in no time!

    The information in the article is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care an appropriate health care provider.

    Sarah Matthews is a writer for Yodle, a business directory and online advertising company. Find a dermatologist or more personal care articles at Yodle Consumer Guide.

    fingernail fungus cures: toe nail fungus treatments

    fingernail fungus cures: nail fungus remedy

    Article Source:

              Toenail Fungus Cure 11 simple tips to prevent the spread of toenail fungus        
    The best way to keep your toenail fungus from spreading nail to nail and foot to foot is to keep your nails and feet dry. I will list 11 simple tips to keep your nails dry to help stop the spread at the end of this article. First I would like to talk a little bit about toenail fungus, there is no toenail fungus cure or treatment that will work over night and most home remedies do not work. Most treatments take 6 to 18 months to eradicate the fungus.

    Toenail fungus thrives and breeds at the front of your nails where the nail over hangs from the nail bed, and that is why it"s very important to keep your nails clipped back to the nail bed, it would help a lot both from spreading the fungus, and to help kill off the fungus. The fungus also thrives if you are always wearing warm wet shoes, like shoes that don"t let your feet breath and dry out. You must remember to be vigilant, and don"t get frustrated, like I said there is no fast toenail fungus cure, you must be patient and work hard at killing the fungus.

    There are several treatments out there from oral medication to topical solutions, there is also surgery but that is rarely considered. Oral medication works around 80% of the time but is usually a last option for most people because most think it"s not worth the risks, mostly people that are in pain from the fungus use oral medication and it is very rare for the fungus to be painful. Topical treatments can work if you follow a routine to keep the nails fungus free as the new nail grows out. Most topical treatments have no side effects, which makes it an attractive toenail fungus cure or treatment. Following the simple steps I list below will help from spreading the fungus any further and also help you keep your nails fungus free.

    Here are some techniques you can use to keep you toenails and feet dry and keep your fungus from spreading:

    1. Dry your nails and between your toes with a hair dryer set on cool after bathing or shower.

    2. Put foot powder in your socks and shoes, yeast free powder is best.

    3. Buy shoes with good ventilation to let your feet breath.

    4. Go bare foot or just socks while at home.

    5. On hot summer days wear open toed shoes or sandals.

    6. Change into dry shoes and socks after a workout.

    7. If you have wet shoes let them dry out completely overnight before you wear them again.

    8. Keep your nails clipped back to the nail bed at all times.

    9. Always keep an extra dry pair of socks and shoes when you go out.

    10. Use a separate pair of nail clippers for your infected nails.

    11. Always clean nail clippers with alcohol after each and every use.

    For more articles about nail fungus check out Toenail Fungus Cure

    For more articles and product reviews about nail fungus check out Toenail Fungus Cure

    fingernail fungus cures: toe nail fungus natural cure

    fingernail fungus cures: nail fungus home remedy

    Article Source:

              Thanking Good People (Pass it on)        

    "Sometimes life's events just come together at the right time, and things falls into place. The last few hours have been exhilarating, and a perfect ramp up for me to celebrate today's internet holiday: Good People Day 2008."

    Thus blogs Kristen Forbriger inspired by Gary Vaynerchuk's declaration that today, April 3rd, be a day to thank good people.

    And thanks to a randomly read tweet, I've been virally infected with this meme and picking up the phone (3 am just as it was for Kristen), I find myself speaking to Cambodia. Why Cambodia? Why now? Who thanking? I'm making good on a promise I began to keep a week ago, when I sent a small package to a tiny village 5 kilometers outside of Siem Riep. There, last December, together with my friend and my son, we found ourselves cared for and nurtured by Mr. S., a survivor of the Pol Pot Child Labor camps and our guide through the history, past and present, of his country, Cambodia. He, like his fellow countryman(woman) Chanrithy Him, lost his parents, brothers, sisters, aunts and uncles in the killing fields.

    Mr. S. is a spiritual person. He shared with us his beliefs, his dreams for a quiet and peaceful and pastoral life. It seemed to us, that he supported and guided a handful of "relatives" whose only relation was experiential. The family who shared their wood hut with us had suffered the same fate as Mr. S. and I can truly say that never have I met a more generous or good family. Chanrithy's words resound here:

    "As a survivor, I want to be worthy of the suffering that I endured as a child. I don't want to let that pain count for nothing, nor do I want others to endure it ... . Throughout a childhood dominated by war, I learned to survive. In a country faced with drastic changes, the core of my soul was determined to never let the horrific situations take away the better part of me. I mentally resisted forces I could only recognize as evil by being a human recorder, quietly observing my surroundings, making mental notes of the things around me. There would come a day to share them."

    So I called Cambodia to say a simple "thank you". I did not detail the reason. The gratefulness and privilege I felt that other human beings had opened heart and family to us was what I was acknowledging. Mr. S. has not yet received the package, but the joy he imparted across those many miles was for the call. "I am so happy you called and hope to speak to you often". Thank you Mr. S., from my family who learned from you and your family the recognition of the purest goodness. The acts of generosity and kindness to total strangers, the gifts of sharing the enormity of your past and the remarkable resilient hopefulness of your future. You've passed it on.

              An Informed Personal Cannabis Lube Review        

    (important note of caution: Coconut oil is known to break down condoms and the surface of adult toys that can lead to bacterial infections)  Shal Friesen An educated review of Miss Envy Canna Sutra by an island gal When it comes to personal and intimate lubricants, you want to ensure that what you are putting […]

    The post An Informed Personal Cannabis Lube Review appeared first on Cannabis Digest.

              Download Resident Evil Revelations – FLT        

    Resident Evil Revelations – FLT

    Resident Evil Revelations - FLT image
    Description: The fear that was originally brought to players in Resident Evil Revelations on the Nintendo 3DSsystem returns redefined for home consoles and PC complete with high quality HD visuals, enhanced lighting effects and an immersive sound experience. This latest version of Resident Evil Revelations will also deliver additional content including a terrifying new enemy, extra difficulty mode, integration with and improvements to Raid Mode. Raid Mode, which was first introduced to the series in the original version of Resident Evil Revelations, sees gamers play online in co-op mode or alone in single player taking on the hordes of enemies across a variety of missions whilst leveling up characters and earning weapon upgrades. New weapons, skill sets, and playable characters including Hunk, take the Raid Mode experience to new depths. The critically acclaimed survival horror title takes players back to the events that took place between Resident Evil®4 and Resident Evil®5, revealing the truth about the T-Abyss virus.

    • Enhanced for consoles:  The fear that was brought to players in Resident Evil Revelations on the Nintendo 3DSsystem returns redefined complete with high quality HD visuals, enhanced lighting effects and an immersive sound experience.
    • Classic survival horror gameplay returns:  The campaign mode’s single player experience sees gamers investigating a range of different locations including the dark confined spaces of a cruise ship and the treacherous snow covered mountains. With limited ammo and weapons, fight off infected enemies that lurk around every corner.
    • Hell just got hotter:  Infernal Mode, a new difficulty mode for console versions, is not just more challenging than Easy and Normal modes but also remixes enemy and item placement, so even those familiar with the game will discover new terrors.
    • Meet the Wall Blister:  A brand new enemy , the Wall Blister is a mutated creature borne from the T-Abyss virus that spreads through water, adding to the horrors that lurk around every corner
    • support:  Resident Evil Revelations will take full advantage of with content available to users once the game launches. Earn weapons and custom parts and use them in-game, collect figures that can be used in dioramas and check your stats through the online web service.
    • Improved Raid Mode:  New weapons, skill sets, playable characters including Rachel and Hunk and enemies exclusive to this mode are added for the this latest version.

    Resident Evil Revelations GamePlay

    Genre: FAction
    Publisher: Capcom
    Developer: Capcom
    Release name: Resident Evil Revelations – FLT
    Size: 3.11 GB
    Install Notes:
    1. Unrar by clicking the exe file for this is a self extracting archive.
    2. For further instructions and to avoid installation mistakes, strictly read the nfo file here
    3. Support developers by buying the software you enjoy!
    Download in Mediafire, Uptobox, Hulkfile, Jumbofiles, Filefactory, Depositfiles,UploadCore,Hulkshare,Karelia,BillionUploads,Rapidgator,Filevelocity,Netload,Putlocker,Tusfiles,1Fichier,Rapidshare,Cyberlocker,Cloudzer,Upafile,Oteupload,,Freakshare,Extabit and Uploaded


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    A primera vista resulta casi imposible distinguir un huevo de campo de uno corriente o industrial. Ambos tienen tamaño similares y el mismo material esencial, siendo la principal distinción la calidad del producto que está asociada, principalmente, al sistema de producción que por años han mantenido generaciones de avicultoras tradicionales “en el caso del huevo azul tenemos algo visual que lo distingue como nuestro, por eso debemos cuidarlo” Maria Torres .
    La información recopilada en un conjunto de talleres, visitas y entrevistas personales a 13 curadoras de gallinas de huevos azules, que volcaron su propio aprendizaje y el de sus comunidades, acumulado por años, en el manejo y mantención de gallinas, se presenta como experiencias, recomendaciones y acuerdos generales para la elaboración del protocolo.


    Las construcciones disponibles para los animales deben asegurar las buenas condiciones de vida y el bienestar de los animales, disminuyendo al máximo el nivel de stress por hacinamiento, competencia , alteración de sus ciclos etc.

    • La densidad poblacional que se manejan y se aceptan, no debe exceder las 60 gallinas por 1000 m2.

    • Habitualmente se utiliza y se aceptan sistemas semi–extensivos, con un corral de albergue (que permite la entrada y salida del ave durante el día y la protección de las misma en la noche) inserto en un potrero cercado que puede o no incorporar pastoreo y que dispone de amplio acceso a sombra. En el caso que el potrero cercado no incluya pastoreo las aves se deben soltar aproximadamente 3 horas al día para que hagan pastoreo .
    “Habitualmente se las suelta en la tarde entre las 15:00 – 18:00 horas, esto para que no provoquen muchos destrozos en el suelo y la huerta y para que alcancen a poner durante la mañana” .Eris Coronado

    • Las colonias que manejan y se aceptan son menores de 50 gallinas ponedoras , y lo habitual es entre 15 a 30 gallinas.

    • En los corrales de albergue se manejan y se aceptan 2 aves por m2 del área del piso. Estos pueden ser de piso de tierra apelmazada con un área cubierta de paja para recoger excrementos y/o sólidos.

    • En caso de disponer de potreros especiales para el pastoreo se debe disponer de 2 para usarlos en rotación; “ ya que cuando se tiene sólo uno, en muy poco tiempo se comen el pasto y hierbas, dejando el suelo desnudo” Francisca Paredes

    • Se recomienda una construcción luminosa y que permita una buena ventilación, la que se puede obtener con una ventana amplia orientada hacia el norte con protección contra otras aves(rejillas u otros) y contra la lluvia y el viento (sacos o plásticos reciclados), en este sentido no se recomiendan albergues muy profundos es decir se prioriza albergues maslargos que anchos.

    • No se permite el uso de luz artificial para respetar la normal alternancia de día e noche de las aves.

    • La zona de prado debe ser accesible desde los primeros días de edad • Se debe disponer de comederos y bebederos que faciliten el acceso de todas las aves y que aseguren la limpieza del alimento y agua fresca.

    • Se debe asegurar la disponibilidad de perchas, que permitan el descanso, y eviten peleas.

    • Se debe disponer de nidales en cantidades mínimas (1 nido por cada 5 aves) que permitan la postura y limpieza de los huevos.


    (a) Aspectos generales de la composición de la ración alimentaria.

    • No se utilizan ni recomiendan alimentos concentrados o preparados comerciales.

    • No se permite incorporar ningún tipo de alimentos transgénicos a las raciones, en este sentido se valora y prioriza la utilización de alimentos producidos en las propias granjas campesinas con semillas originarias o mantenidas por campesinos.

    • No se permite incorporar antibióticos, ni hormonas a las raciones ni otras substancias de origen sintética o farmacológica que estimulen el crecimiento, apetito u coloraciones de piel o huevo.

    • No se utilizan ni recomiendan proteínas de origen animal.

    (b) Tipos de alimentos permitidos y utilizados con mayor frecuencia.

    • Alimentos Energéticos del tipo Granos (Maíz, Cebada, Avena, Trigo): Se recomienda dar chancados o molidos. “La Avena u otro grano se recomienda dar caliente en invierno para que no baje la postura”. Lucia Cariman. “ El Trigo cruz se cayanean entre crudo y cocido y se tira a las gallinas como alimento" Fresia Antileo. Se incorporan entre un 40 y 50 % de la ración.

    • Alimentos Energéticos del tipo Subproductos: Principalmente Harinilla y afrechillo, se incorporan entre un 30 -60 % de la ración.

    • Alimentos Protéicos de Origen Vegetal. En general no se incorporan, se pueden utilizar afrechos de maravilla o afrecho de soya solo en el caso que sea cultivada por los propios campesinos y se asegure que no es material genéticamente modificado. No tienen limitación en su incorporación.

    • Alimentos Protéicos del tipo Harina de Pescado: En general no se usa, teniendo limitaciones para su incorporación en valores superiores a 10 %, por razones fisiológicas.

    (c) Otros consideraciones.

    • Se debe aportar conchuela o "cáscara de huevo molida y tostada” Maria Torre, como aporte de calcio, se incorpora 250 g por cada 10 kilos de ración.

    • Se puede utilizar sobras de cocina “Hay que darles sobras de cocina (pan, cáscara de papa, verduras, trozos de carne o pescado, frutas etc...) a voluntad pero se recomienda cocerlas para aumentar su valor nutritivo y aceptación por parte de las aves” Juana Antilef

    • Se debe incentivar el uso de forraje verde a voluntad.

    • Se puede agregar sal Común como aporte de cloro y sodio, se incorpora en un 0,5 % de la ración


    No se permite el uso de desinfectantes químicos, para el tratamiento de gallineros o implementos.

    • “Rociar gallineros con agua con agua con ají o agua con lejía es muy efectivo” Lucia Cariman
    • “Para la limpieza de los comederos y bebedero lo mejor es agua con lejía, cebolla y ají” Juana Antilef


    • No se incorpora ni se permite el uso de farmacología en forma preventiva y periódica.

    • Se prioriza el tratamiento con elementos naturales no alopáticos (hierbas medicinales), a pesar que falta información al respecto debido a que no es una prioridad de las campesinas tratar a las gallinas cuando enferman , “porque entre otras cosas se enferman muy poco” Matilde Zenteno.

    Algunos ejemplos de tratamientos son:

    • “Se usa agua de ajenjo cuando están con fiebre, se prepara un misto y después se le agrega al agua helada”. Matilde Zenteno

    • “Carbón de piedra en el agua para cuando da fiebre, hay que prender el carbón primero”. Matilde Zenteno

    • “Palo de Natre en el agua para la fiebre, se pela el palo y se tira al bebedero” .Francisca Paredes

    El enfoque sanitario es principalmente preventivo en los manejos generales de higiene y alimentación tales como:

    • Limpieza escrupulosa del corral cada vez que se tenga nuevas parvadas.

    • Se aconseja construir una fosa, que se llenará de ceniza, delante de la puerta del gallinero para que las aves se revuelquen y manejar una densidad baja de aves.

    • Renovación de camas cada vez que se tenga nuevas parvadas o si se acumulan muchos desperdicios dentro del gallinero. Se recomienda ceniza en el piso que evita que el guano se pegue. Se permite poner un material absorbente (cama) de viruta pero principalmente de paja
    mezclada con cal apagada (2,5 kg por cada 5 m2 o ceniza).

    • Se recomienda el inmediato aislamiento o eliminación de aquéllas enfermas o que parezcan enfermas. Los cadáveres de animales enfermos deben ser enterrados con una capa de cal viva lejos del gallinero.

    No se utiliza ni se permite, como tratamiento, el uso de antibióticos, antiparasitarios u otros médicamente alopáticos y en caso de ser necesarios cuando todos los otros tratamientos son ineficaces o en caso que se quiera evitar sufrimiento del animal, solamente bajo la supervisión de un médico veterinario y con todas las medidas de control y seguimiento claras.


    La reproducción se maneja en general de la siguiente forma:

    • Se debe priorizar y facilitar el intercambio de reproductores con comunidades aledañas

    • Se manejo 1 gallo por 8 o 10 gallinas máximo

    • Los machos y hembras pueden dedicarse a la reproducción al cumplir los 10 meses, aunque conviene esperar hasta que el gallo complete su total desarrollo (18 meses) y que la gallina haya realizado la primera postura.

    • El gallo y gallina pueden emplearse como reproductores hasta los 3 – 3,5 años.

    • El números de huevos que se pueden colocar a una gallina para incubación puede variar entre 8 a 12 “ y en algunos casos hasta 17” Fresia Antileo. “ Se pueden utilizar huevos de hasta 10 días para la reproducción” Francisca Paredes, posterior a eso la incubabilidad se deteriora notoriamente, bajando de 58 % en huevos conservados hasta 10 días, a 19 % en huevos almacenados por 11 a 20 días y 8 % en huevosconservados entre 21 y 30 días.

    • No se permite incubación artificial , “ prefiero la utilización de gallinas cluequeras que aseguran la continuidad en los campos” America Paillalafken.

    • No se debe usa ningún método de manejo u otro para estimular la cluequez.

    • “Pollos en crianzas deben estar hasta los 3- 5 meses con las gallinas para evitar peleas” Marina Recabarren

    • A los 7-8 meses se pueden sacrificar los pollos (aprox. 1,5, kilos de peso vivo) “ya que también son buenos para la producción de carne que además es mas sabrosa” Marina Recabarren

    • Para la reproducción se recomienda guardar los huevos en canasto, “ como máximo hasta 1 semana en lugares ventilados y frescos” Matilde Zenteno , “ se deben guardar de lado (acostados) tal como la gallina los mantiene” Marina Recabarren


    • Se debe priorizar la venta hacia las localidades urbanas cercanas o familias vecinas .

    • Se recomienda envasar los huevos en materiales vegetales de las zonas (hojas, mimbres) o materiales reciclados (bandejas de cartón, papel).

    • Se recomienda llevar algunos registros diarios mínimos, como cantidad de huevos diarias.

    • Las gallinas habitualmente ponen hasta las 15:00 horas, por lo que una recolección diaria en la tarde es suficiente, se recomienda guardarlos en canastos para darles mayor frescura, con el extremo mas grueso hacia arriba.

    • Cuando salen sucios (sangre, fecas) se lava con agua y escobilla, sin embargo habitualmente no se lavan los huevos, solo se limpian con paños limpios para sacar restos de excrementos, plumas y otros.

    • No se recomienda conservarlos por más de 7 días, aunque duran en buenas condiciones de sabor y textura hasta 15 días “ Aunque yo creo que por ser un producto más natural y tener la cáscara mas gruesa, lo lógico es que se porte de la misma forma que los huevos de antes, que duraban mucho más tiempo, incluso un mes”. Matilde Zenteno

    Les vaccinations pratiquées depuis maintenant plus d’un siècle, ont permis de réduire le nombre de maladies infectieuses, voire de les…
              115602 V-Jet TW Diisinfection Unit for Drinking Water Installations        
    115602 V-Jet TW Diisinfection Unit for Drinking Water Installations

    115602 V-Jet TW Diisinfection Unit for Drinking Water Installations

    Disinfection unit for drinking water installations, for feeding dosing solution for disinfection through system.

              115605 Peroxi Color Dosing Solution For Disinfection        
    115605 Peroxi Color Dosing Solution For Disinfection

    115605 Peroxi Color Dosing Solution For Disinfection

    1 Litre bottle of REMS Peroxi dosing solution for disinfection of approx 100 litre line volume and a 20ml bottle of REMS red colour dye included for dying the dosing solution for filling and wash-out check.

              115611 Multi-Push SLW Set Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit        
    115611  Multi-Push SLW Set  Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit

    115611 Multi-Push SLW Set Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit

    Only one device for flushing with water or a water/air mixture, disinfection, cleaning, preservation of pipe systems, for pressure and leak testing of pipe systems and vessels with compressed air or water, e.g. drinking water installations, radiators or area heating systems, as a pneumatic pump for controlled filling of all types of vessels with compressed air, e.g. for pumping up expansion vessels or tyres and for operating pneumatic tools. REMS Multi-Push SLW Set. Same as REMS Multi-Push SL Set, Art. No. 115610, additionally with hydro-pneumatic water pump and 1 ½" high pressure hose, 1.5 m long, with ½" hose screw fittings, fastenings for input and output, for pressure testing of pipe systems and vessels with water. Electronic flushing and pressure testing with oil-free compressor. Flushes with water or a air/water mixture, disinfection, cleaning, preservation of pipe systems. 8 Bar / 116 psi compressed air for filling all types of vessels controlled by pneumatic pump. Pressure test with compressed air p ≤ 0,4 MPa/4 bar/58 psi Pressure test with water p ≤ 1,8 MPa/18 bar/261 psi Includes: 2 x 1" Suction/pressure hoses with fabric inlay 1.5m long + 1" hose screw fitting, 1 x Compressed air hose 8mm, 1.5m long +quick coupling DN 5 and ½" screw fitting, Connecting hose compressor/water connections, 0.6m long + quick coupling Dn 7.2 and 1" screw fitting, 1" double nipple for blowing out water remains. Mobile tubular steel frame 230V

              1156X1 Multi-Push SL Set Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit        
    1156X1 Multi-Push SL Set Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit

    1156X1 Multi-Push SL Set Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit

    With more than 10 programmes for flushing and pressure testing of drinking water or heating systems, using compressed air or water. Pressure and leak testing with compressed air, leak testing of drinking water installations with compressed air. Compressed air pump for controlled filling of all typs of vessel with compressed air ≤0.8MPa/8bar/116 psi with automatic switch off on reaching pre-set air.  Includes: REMS multi push SL Person circuit breaker PRCD 2 x suction/ pressure hoses 1" 1.5m with 1" hose screw fittings 1 x pneumatic hose 8mm 1.5m with DN5 quick coupling Seals for inputs and outputs Mobile tubular steel frame Supplied without feeder unit for additives Starter set includes: V-jet TW disinfection unit for drinking water installations 2 x 1L bottles peroxi colour - dosing solution V-jet H cleaning & preservation unit for heating systems 2 x 1L bottles CleanH cleaner for heating systems 2 x 1L bottles of NoCor corrosion protection

              1156X2 Multi-Push SLW Set Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit        
    1156X2  Multi-Push SLW Set  Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit

    1156X2 Multi-Push SLW Set Electronic Flushing And Pressure Testing Unit

    Only one device for flushing with water or a water/air mixture, disinfection, cleaning, preservation of pipe systems, for pressure and leak testing of pipe systems and vessels with compressed air or water, e.g. drinking water installations, radiators or area heating systems, as a pneumatic pump for controlled filling of all types of vessels with compressed air, e.g. for pumping up expansion vessels or tyres and for operating pneumatic tools. REMS Multi-Push SLW Set. Same as REMS Multi-Push SL Set, Art. No. 115610, additionally with hydro-pneumatic water pump and 1 ½" high pressure hose, 1.5 m long, with ½" hose screw fittings, fastenings for input and output, for pressure testing of pipe systems and vessels with water. 8 Bar / 116 psi compressed air for filling all types of vessels controlled by pneumatic pump. Pressure test with compressed air p ≤ 0,4 MPa/4 bar/58 psi Pressure test with water p ≤ 1,8 MPa/18 bar/261 psi Includes: 2 x 1" Suction/pressure hoses with fabric inlay 1.5m long + 1" hose screw fitting, 1 x Compressed air hose 8mm, 1.5m long +quick coupling DN 5 and ½" screw fitting, Connecting hose compressor/water connections, 0.6m long + quick coupling Dn 7.2 and 1" screw fitting, 1" double nipple for blowing out water remains. Mobile tubular steel frame 230V

              Cherry Blast Fresh Anti-Bacterial Multi Purpose Spray 1L - TCCF1        
    Cherry Blast Fresh Anti-Bacterial Multi Purpose Spray 1L - TCCF1

    Cherry Blast Fresh Anti-Bacterial Multi Purpose Spray 1L - TCCF1

    Cherry fragranced Multi Purpose Disinfectant / Cleaning Liquid - contains Biocide to kill 99.99% of germs. Designed for use on all hard surfaces around the home - can be used neat as a spray or diluted for use with a Mop or similar

              The Virus - An Ultra Lite Novel        

    The Virus
    (An Ultra Lite Novel by Howdy)

    This Monday started like most any day but would end anything but
    typical. The Weather Channel forecasted mild atmospheric conditions
    (even for November) but unfolding events would soon challenge and
    startle mankind as never before.

    In an elaborate government building somewhere in Rome, a multitude
    of dedicated world renowned computer and technology experts studied
    The Virus that had already secretly infected 98% of the planet's
    computers in its first stage. Up to this point, none outside this edifice
    had ascertained the existence of the silent menace.

    In Jerusalem, heavy crowds were milling around The Dome of the Rock,
    the third holiest site to Muslims worldwide. On the other side of the
    Wall, a larger than expected crowd of Jewish worshipers prayed even
    as portions of the wall continued to collapse.

    In New York City, the Stock Market opened slightly higher while
    down in Washington - Pentagon officials poured their second cup
    of Maxwell House Decaf. Further south, the last edition of The
    Atlanta Journal was being prepared while further west, parents
    turned toward their offices after depositing their children at school.

    Work halted temporarily in the government building as the new
    dynamic and charismatic leader's entourage entered. He spoke
    over the JBL sound system. "Good associates, The Virus is
    scheduled to be released as planned in two stages. Stage one as
    you know affects all the world's primary computers while the
    second will decrease the excess occupiers that have so strained
    our fragile environment. Both will begin to take effect within the
    hour thanks to your hard work." He will later become Time Magazine's
    "Man of the Year".

    Unexpected to those in Rome, The Wall in Jerusalem collapses and
    thousands of Muslims lose their lives along with hundreds of Jewish
    worshipers. The Dome of the Rock along with all nearby buildings of the
    Islamic Faith disappear into rubble. Within moments a very great riot
    commences with each side blaming the other. Syria (with Iraq's lost
    WMD) & Iran ready their hidden nuclear arsenal.

    With a new surprising show of unity in Beijing, Hanoi, Jakarta, Tokyo,
    Pyongyang, New Delhi along with other Far East capitals, 200 million
    multi-asian troops are placed on alert. Moscow prepares its revived
    army for an eventual march south....very far south.

    Stage one hits Wall Street, the Pentagon, Main Street and homes
    across America as well as the entire Western World. Business stops
    as all funds - the complete wealth of the Industrialized World - is
    transferred by computer virus via the web to Rome. All modern military
    weapons are now under the new leader's absolute command as well as
    the world's media (Rule of Rome once again).

    As the second stage of The Virus is released, millions will become sick
    and die with a highly infectious disease stronger that the SARS & Ebola
    viruses combined. Fortunately for some, certain large groups of people
    have been quietly immunized earlier. Millions of Christians disappear at
    5 PM EST (Midnight in Jerusalem) virtually unnoticed because of the
    pandemonium. The controlled media is not allowed to print this story.

    The President is declared lost because Air Force One is down over the
    Atlantic according to managed reports but did his aircraft ever leave
    Andrews Air Force Base? Is this a cover up from Rome to perhaps hide
    his evanescence also? Other prominent members of the President's
    Party are missing but from the other side? Exiguous.

    This disappearance will go virtually unnoticed because of the manipulated
    media and its potentate who controls also the world's assets & armaments -
    the ultimate coup d' tat - all without a shot being fired. He will woo the planet,
    restore peace to the Middle East for a short time with false promises of pro-
    tection as well as rebuild a new Jewish Temple on the destroyed site. The
    Islamic world will cheer because their faith has expected this great new leader.
    With an appearance before nearly all mankind live on all media (TV, radio, &
    even computers on-line), men, women, and children are mesmerized. Stay tuned...

    After The Return of The King:
    They shall beat their swords into plowshares,
    And their spears into pruning hooks; Nation shall
    not lift up sword against nation, Neither shall they
    learn war anymore.

              Netgalley Knockout 2013        

    Are you ready for Netgalley Knockout? At just about the time I think I will never ever ever be even remotely caught up with my review copies, along comes a support group for other bloggers in the same predicament. I've been mired in the Game of Thrones series for what seems like forever, but nearing the end of Book Five, I can see a time in the not-so-distant future when I might read something else! Here is the appalling list of books I have yet to read and/or review:

    Update: As I request more books...and I seem unable to stop doing so...I will add them to the top of the appropriate list. As I review a book, I'll strike through instead of deleting so I can see my amazing progress!

    LibraryThing Early Reviewers Program:

    HOLY ORDERS by Benjamin Black
    THE BLACK COUNTRY by Alex Grecian
    SUBSTITUTE CREATURE by Charles Gilman

    Other Sources:

    UNDERCURRENT by Paul Blackwell*


    THE SEANCE SOCIETY by Michael Nethercott
    THE LITTER OF THE LAW by Rita Mae Brown
    THE BONE SEASON by Samantha Shannon
    POWDER BURN by Mark Chisnell
    MRS. POE by Lynne Cullen
    GOOD GIRL BAD GIRL by Christopher Finch
    CLEAN BURN by Karen Sandler
    THE AMBITIOUS CARD by John Gaspard
    THE RED QUEEN DIES by Frankie Y. Bailey
    UNSEEN by Karin Slaughter*
    TWERP by Mark Goldblatt
    THE OPHELIA CUT by John Lescroart
    TRAVELS IN ELYSIUM by William Azuski
    TUESDAY'S GONE by Nicci French*
    BOLERO by Joanie McDonell
    HOLD FAST by Blue Balliett
    THE LITTLE DEATH by Michael Nava
    THE EMPEROR OF ALL THINGS by Paul Whitcover
    THE FIRST BOOK OF CALAMITY WEEK by Paula Lichtarowicz
    THE GOLD DUST LETTERS by Janet Taylor Lisle
    MUMBO JUMBO by Ishmael Reed
    THE ARCHIVED by Victoria Schwab
    HIDING GLADYS by Lee Mims
    DADDY LOVE by Joyce Carol Oates
    BLOOD ON THE THRESHOLD by Karin Richmond
    SPILT MILK by Chico Buarque
    THE SEVEN MARKETS by David Hoffman
    MAKE BELIEVE by Ed Ifkovic
    THE PINEVILLE HEIST by Lee Chambers
    VEGAN EATS WORLD by Terry Hope Romero
    THE GREEN-EYED MONSTER by Mike Robinson
    SIMPLY SATISFYING by Jeanne Lemlin
    THE PANTHER by Nelson DeMille
    BECOMING HOLMES by Shane Peacock*
    THE SECRET KEEPER by Kate Morton
    SMOKE & MIRRORS by Ryan Browne
    THE ICARUS PROJECT by Laura Quimby
    THE DALAI LAMA'S CAT by David Michie
    THE INFECTS by Sean Beaudoin
    SOMETHING RED by Douglas Nicholas
    WHITE FOREST by Adam McOmber
    BLACK BREAD WHITE BEER by Niven Govinden


    THE LAST WORD by Lisa Lutz*
    AFTER HER by Joyce Maynard
    DEATH CANYON by David Riley Bertsch
    THE ABSENCE OF MERCY by John Burley
    DOG LOVES COUNTING by Louise Yates**
    PENGUIN CHA CHA by Kristi Valiant**
    DREAM ANIMALS by Emily Winfield Martin**
    SQUIRRELS ON SKIS by J. Hamilton Ray**
    ESCAPE THEORY by Margaux Froley
    TUESDAY'S GONE by Nicci French
    GARLIC, MINT, AND SWEET BASIL by Jean-Claude Izzo
    WACKO ACADEMY by Faith Wilkins
    THE CHALICE by Nancy Bilyeau
    MOTHERLAND by William Nicholson
    THERE WAS AN OLD WOMAN by Hallie Ephron
    FAIRY TALES BY THE BROTHERS GRIMM retold by Philip Pullman*
    THE CLOVER HOUSE by Henriette Lazaridis Power
    THE SOUND OF BROKEN GLASS by Deborah Crombie
    COVER OF SNOW by Jenny Milchman
    THE SUMMER OF DEAD TOYS by Antonio Hill
    THE BIG BOOK OF THINGS TO MAKE by James Mitchem**
    ELDERS by Ryan McIlvain
    THE PERFECT MEAL by John Baxter
    THE CHILD'S CHILD by Barbara Vine
    AURORARAMA by Jean-Christophe Valtat
    SWEET TOOTH by Ian McEwan
    THE DEATH OF BEES by Lisa O'Donnell
    THE AVIATOR'S WIFE by Melanie Benjamin
    THE END OF THE POINT by Elizabeth Graver
    A STUDY IN REVENGE by Kieran Shields
    YESTERDAY'S SUN by Amanda Brooke
    A KILLER IN THE WIND by Andrew Klavan
    INDISCRETION by Charles Dubow
    AMERICAN BOY by Larry Watson
    THE EVOLUTION OF MARA DYER by Michelle Hodkin
    SEVEN LOCKS by Christine Wade
    ASHENDEN by Elizabeth Wilhide
    COLD LIGHT by Jenn Ashworth
    PATRICIDE by Joyce Carol Oates
    FLIGHT BEHAVIOR by Barbara Kingsolver
    LIVE BY NIGHT by Dennis Lehane
    THE HOLLOW MAN by Oliver Harris
    THE GIRL ON THE CLIFF by Lucina Riley

    *Already read
    **To read with Lilah
              Â¿Cuándo hacer un tratamiento de endodoncia? ¿Para qué sirve?        

    El tratamiento endodóntico trata el interior del diente. Si una caries infecta la cámara donde se encuentra el nervio, la única forma de salvar el diente sin extraerlo es con un tratamiento del conducto radicular. Dentro de la dura cubierta exterior del diente hay una pulpa formada por vasos sanguíneos, vasos linfáticos y nervios que nutren al diente. Los conductos radiculares que contienen la pulpa se extienden hasta la parte terminal de la raíz llegando al hueso. Una caries profunda o una lesión en la superficie del diente puede ocasionar […]

    La entrada ¿Cuándo hacer un tratamiento de endodoncia? ¿Para qué sirve? aparece primero en Clínica Dental Deltadent.

              Comentário sobre Conheça o misterioso vírus para Mac que infecta usuários por anos por Guilherme Malinowski        
    Tiago Verdi
              Dying Light The Following Enhanced Edition Reinforcements RELOADED-3DMGAME Torrent Free Download        

    Dying Light The Following Enhanced Edition: Reinforcements
    (c) Techland

    07/2017 :..... RELEASE.DATE .. PROTECTION .......: Steam
    1 :.......... DISC(S) .. GAME.TYPE ........: Action, RPG

    Experience the untold chapter of Kyle Crane\'s story set in a vast region
    outside the city of Harran. Leave the urban area behind and explore a
    dangerous countryside packed with mysterious characters, deadly new
    weapons, and unexpected quests. Gain the trust of the locals and infiltrate
    a centuries-old cult that hides a dangerous secret. Take the wheel of a
    fully customizable dirt buggy, smear your tires with zombie blood, and
    experience Dying Light\'s creative brutality in high gear.

    Dying Light is a first-person, action survival game set in a vast open
    world. Roam a city devastated by a mysterious epidemic, scavenging for
    supplies and crafting weapons to help defeat the hordes of flesh-hungry
    enemies the plague has created. At night, beware the Infected as they grow
    in strength and even more lethal nocturnal predators leave their nests to
    feed on their prey.


    Reinforcements is the name of the DLC included in the Content Drop #0
    update. This standalone pack includes the main game and all current DLC.
    The upcoming content drops will come in seperated Update/DLC packs.

    1. Unrar.
    2. Burn or mount the image.
    3. Install the game.
    4. Copy over the cracked content from the /Crack directory on the image to
    your game install directory.
    5. Play the game.

    Torrent Free Download Here

              Majestic Dragon - ep. 1 (cancelled)        
    This Victor Vazquez/Jordan Fish collaboration - long known for its distinctive animation and voice work (and infectious theme song) - suffered cancellation at the hands of 101ny's New York TV Festival audience, but will remain a highlight of the '08 season. In this episode: Majestic Dragon runs in with the law, then learns about the Five Percent Nation.
              How To Get Rid of Spyware        
    Spyware is put on your computer without you knowing. It is something used to spy on you and you activities on your computer.

    Spyware is put on your computer without your knowledge and a lot of the time people don't even realize they have been infected. It can also be used to take over your computer and perform task you do not wish it to perform.

    It can be used to record keystrokes, screen info, email logs, chat logs, your internet activity, and hard drive info. If you have spyware on your computer you need to get rid of spyware quickly. Spyware can make changes to your personal computer setting and these changes can sometimes hard to reverse. It can make changes to your homepage, files on your hard drive, and also steal valuable information form you.

    How to get rid of spyware? First you need to scan your computer with a special type of software that will scan and remove the spyware. You could search forever online for spyware programs and there are quite a few out there. Some of them work some don't.

    There are a lot of programs out there but I have actually found some that really work. There are links at the bottom of this page for the software. Some of them even let you scan your computer first before actually buy them. I would recommend considering buying these programs though because they only offer a free scan not a scan and remove like suggested.

    I would tell you that if you do have spyware on your computer to get rid of spyware as soon as possible. I think you should also scan you computer for spyware at least once a month maybe twice a month if you do come to find that your computer is infected with spyware.
    For the best information online about spyware removal visit::
              Totally Free Spyware Removal        
    The spyware is oftentimes integrated into the freewares. Freewares refer to the series of softwares that can be downloaded anytime and free of charge. They come as a package. It is like a buy one take one promo. It will be beneficial for you to start off with reading the user agreement of the program so that you will be unable to install those unwanted programs that tend to be malicious. Another mode wherein the spyware software can get into the mainstream of your computer network system is through the access of the sites whereas your browser contains security holes. Meaning, your browser can be prone to these unsafe ventures. It is important that before you click on a link, you first evaluate the website which you are to visit. By this, you may avoid the entry of spyware into your computer network system.

    Here are effective ways that will help you detect whether your computer system is infected by a spyware software. Just look for these signs or symptoms and you can easily detect that a spyware is living inside your computer operating system.
    The computer hangs, freezes, or slows down. It is because the spyware software eat up a lot of the memory resources that causes the computer to lock up and be sluggish. You experience several annoying pop up ads which tend to be very uncontrollable. They just become too persistent that they keep flashing on the screen. These pop up ads continue to appear even if you do not pay attention to clicking the websites or links. There are even those that automatically come up whenever the windows are turned on.

    You get to encounter a commandeered default homepage. It gets to mean that an unknown website or something which you haven't visited before comes out as a default homepage as soon as you start with your browser. It is not naturally the one that your settings have set up. As soon as you start typing another search engine, you get directed to another link. As soon as you detect that a spyware software is present in your computer, delete it at once. Here are significant steps on the spyware removal.
    Look into your task lists. The computer task list will let you see the programs which are presently running in your computer system. To do it, press CTRL+ALT+DEL. It is best that you familiarize yourself with the files which you keep on your computer because you will easily determine if there is a suspicious thing on the list. If there appears to be one, it can be a spyware software. Clear your computer start up list. There are spyware that automatically start up. Run the msconfig. Do this by typing 'msconfig' in the Windows Run Command.

    Check out the unfamiliar programs included in your program list. Do this by checking out the Programs Menu or the Add/Remove Programs which is under the Control Panel. Choose that which is unfamiliar to you and then uninstall them at once.
    Get to install at least one or more than one anti spyware programs. The best spyware removal tool is that which totally blocks the entry of more spyware.

    Manually remove the spyware that cannot be deleted by the spyware removal tool. There are really those hard-headed spyware programs and they can only be deleted manually.

    Remember all these tips and you are on your way to saving yourself from the dangers posed by the spyware programs. You need not be a computer technician to eliminate the spyware!

    About the Author
    For more information on the best spyware and adware removal software on the internet, please visit
              Step One For Protecting Your Technology        
    Information Technology can be pretty overwhelming.  There are lots of acronyms, abbreviations, and buzzwords you have to know just to do your everyday work.  On top of that you have tons of vendors and sales reps that want to sell you some kind of server, software, or service to protect you from all that can go wrong.  How do you evaluate all this technology when you barely understand it?  If you're like most people you get overwhelmed and procrastinate.  Really, who wants to go home after putting a long day at work and start working on their technology protection strategy.

    The first step that I recommend to anyone working on a technology protection strategy is to visualize what they would do when confronted with the most common technology disasters.  Sure you may need protection from a potential hacker that might try to break into your network Oceans 11 style, but those types of break-ins are relatively rare for small businesses.  However I can almost guarantee one of these problems will happen to your business in the next three years:

    1. Hard drive failure.  If you haven't had this happen before, it's only a matter of time until you experience it.  Imagine one day you go to your computer and power it on, only to find that it can't find an operating system, and all you get is a black screen staring back at you.  You take the computer to your "tech" person, and they say the hard drive is dead, any information on it is lost forever.  Now picture this scenario with each computer, laptop, or server that you own.  What would you do?  Who would you call? How long could you live without that data?  Could you live without it forever?
    2. Malware Infection.  No matter how careful you are, someday one of your computers will get a malware infection.  This will result in your computer running very slowly, pop up screens will come up, and programs will stop working correctly.  Usually it will leave your computer in an unusable state.  Your "tech" person will probably recommend wiping out your computer and starting all over again from scratch.  This will be a very similar situation as the hard drive failure.  How long could you live without your computer?  Could you stand to lose all your data?  
    3. Lost or Stolen Computer.  Imagine coming back to your car and seeing your window smashed in.  Your laptop has been stolen.  Did it have sensitive customer information?  Did it have credit card numbers, bank account numbers, logins to sensitive websites?  Here's another scenario, you went out to lunch and left your smartphone on the table.  The phone's gone missing and all hope of getting it back is gone.  Your phone was connected to your company's email, and you had hundreds of business contacts in your phone.  Will that information be safe?
    The answer for most people will be, "I don't know if I'm ok or not."  And that answer is to be expected, but which scenario makes you the most nervous?  Which one do you think you couldn't recover from?  Once you've come up with the scenario that will cost you the most money or pain, start there with your planning.

              Hall of Shame Sellers        
    I have been considering something for a long, long time. I have
    very little time to devote to my blog, yet I don't wish to abandon
    it completely. I do not want to inform newbies how to become a
    bookseller, either. I do mentor a few privately who desire to become
    better bookseller, though. They know me either personally or by
    reputation from personal business dealings. I am by no means perfect.
    I have made mistakes, more in the past than present, but occasionally
    I do err. I am only human! But - what I take from my mistakes is a
    lesson in how to provide better customer service, especially if someone
    contacts me with a problem.

    I have been buying and selling online for many, many years. (Husband
    and I buy a
    lot of books and items for our respective collections.) I
    know what I like and what I don't. To be blunt, I have dealt with many
    wonderful, wonderful buyers and sellers and some complete morons
    (99% are sellers.) who are totally devoid of common or business sense
    and occasionally even ethics! In this vein, a small group of trusted,
    respectable booksellers, with whom I am friendly, and I trade
    information. We share information on the gems, but possibly more
    importantly we spell out who are the losers to avoid at all cost and

    As such, I have decided to share this information to better assist the
    public.Of course, all names have been changed to protect the guilty.
    The beacons of excellence will be known via their business names,
    unless requested otherwise.

    Here is the most recent example of egregious seller behaviour in
    response to an email. We bought a book misdescribed as "Mint."
    Yeah, yeah, I know, that is a dead giveaway in itself, but my
    husband really wanted the book. Once it arrived, he was
    extremely angry and was going to immediately leave a neg on
    eBay for the seller. (Yeah, yeah, I know eBay... ugh!) The book
    stunk to high heaven of mold, to which I am extremely allergic.
    Of course, it had to be taken immediately out of the house by DH
    to be properly treated before either I went to the ER or the book
    caused problems in our house. (Which is why DH was so very

    I told DH maybe the person selling it couldn't smell the mold.
    (I don't know how!) and that I would write the seller to explain
    the situation. He told me to add in that the book was
    misdescribed, also. OK, not everyone selling books is a
    professional bookseller, especially on eBay, so I added in a
    reference to for help in describing and grading books.
    I tried to be nice while explaining our problem with the
    purchase plus a little useful info. As the saying goes, "No
    good deed goes unpunished."

    Immediately following is the reply. Below that is
    my original contact with the seller. I did not edit either except
    to remove user name.

    Dear fraubucher

    Hi there, I my self buy and sell antiques, on line, i find them at
    yard sails and grage sales,they come from basements , and
    attics, were they are sold, not every one takes a book from there
    book shelf and sells we have a book from the collection of
    the man who wrote it ,and had the greatest bottle collection of all
    time, and was signed by him, and you complain about your
    condition. i think if you are dealing with antiques of any kind you
    might want to find a different hobby, old things smell just like that
    OLD... no matter were they come from, be it a barn or an out
    house, sory the price was not cheap enough for you , and better
    luck next time, if you can find a better copy put your nose in it and
    dont wast my time..... "
    Ignorant and Illiterate 06/29/2008 11:02 PM

    My email dated
    June 25, 2008 8:55 AM:

    Dear ...,

    Hi, The book has an strong odor of mustiness, mildew to it. You
    may or not have noticed it, but if you did, you really need to add
    that to the item's description. I am extremely allergic to molds
    which cause me severe asthma attacks. That fact heavily effects
    my decision to buy something. Had I known in advance the book
    was mildewed and musty, I would have had the option to open it
    outdoors using necessary precaution measures and then
    properly treat it before inspecting the book. A book that smells
    musty has live mold in it, even if not visible, and will infect an
    entire collection. Also, a very helpful reference site is
    for their book description standards. It's a great aid if you expect
    you may frequently sell books. In my experience books and
    bottles are commonly found together in collections. Just to let
    you know. Thanks,"

    Nota bene: I have dug bottles and bought books 200 to 500+
    years old. There is a big difference between smelling "old"
    and smelling moldy and musty!

    Have any suggestions for the Hall of Shame? Let me know.

              Terminology and Meanings of Early Illnesses        
    This was posted on a email listing I belong to. I thought it was really interesting and really helpful, so I thought I would share it with you all. I don't know who created it or who to give credit for it to, so if anyone knows let me know.
    Ablepsy - Blindness
    Ague - Malarial fever
    American plague - Yellow fever
    Anasarca - Generalized massive edema
    Aphonia - Laryngitis
    Aphtha - Infant disease "thrush"
    Apoplexy - Paralysis due to stroke
    Asphicsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
    Asphycsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
    Atrophy - Wasting away or diminishing in size
    Bad blood - Syphilis
    Bilious fever - Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis
    Biliousness - Jaundice associated with liver disease
    Black plague - Bubonic plague
    Black fever - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate
    Black pox - Black small pox
    Black vomit - Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
    Blackwater fever - Dark urine associated with high temperature
    Bladder in throat - Diphtheria (seen on death certificates)
    Blood poisoning - Bacterial infection; septicemia
    Bloody flux - Bloody stools
    Bloody sweat - Sweating sickness
    Bone shave - Sciatica
    Brain fever - Meningitis
    Breakbone - Dengue fever
    Bright's disease - Chronic disease of kidneys
    Bronze John - Yellow fever
    Bule - Boil, tumor or swelling
    Cachexy - Malnutrition
    Cacogastric - Upset stomach
    Cacospysy - Irregular pulse
    Caduceus - Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy
    Camp fever - Typhus; aka camp diarrhea
    Canine madness - Rabies; hydrophobia
    Canker - Ulceration of mouth or lips; or herpes simplex
    Catalepsy - Seizures/trances
    Catarrhal - Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
    Cerebritis - Inflammation of cerebrum; or lead poisoning
    Chilblain - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold
    Child bed fever - Infection following birth of a child
    Chin cough - Whooping cough
    Chlorosis - Iron deficiency anemia
    Cholera - Acute, severe, contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
    Cholera morbus - Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc.; could also be appendicitis
    Cholecystitus - Inflammation of the gall bladder
    Cholelithiasis - Gall stones
    Chorea - Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing
    Cold plague - Ague which is characterized by chills
    Colic - Abdominal pain and cramping
    Congestive chills - Malaria
    Consumption - Tuberculosis
    Congestion - Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
    Congestive chills - Malaria with diarrhea
    Congestive fever - Malaria
    Corruption - Infection
    Coryza - A cold
    Costiveness - Constipation
    Cramp colic - Appendicitis
    Crop sickness - Overextended stomach
    Croup - Laryngitis, diphtheria or strep throat
    Cyanosis - Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
    Cynanche - Diseases of throat
    Cystitis - Inflammation of the bladder
    Day fever - Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness
    Debility - Lack of movement or staying in bed
    Decrepitude - Feebleness due to old age
    Delirium tremens - Hallucinations due to alcoholism
    Dengue - Infectious fever endemic to East Africa
    Dentition - Cutting of teeth
    Deplumation - Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss
    Diary fever - A fever that lasts more than one day
    Diptheria - Contagious disease of the throat
    Distemper - Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat and anorexia
    Dock fever - Yellow fever
    Dropsy - Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease
    Dropsy of the brain - Encephalitis
    Dry bellyache - Lead poisoning
    Dyscrasy - An abnormal body condition
    Dysentery - Inflammation of the colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
    Dysorexy - Reduced appetite
    Dyspepsia - Indigestion and heartburn; heart attack symptoms
    Dysury - Difficulty in urination
    Eclampsy - Symptoms fo epilepsy; convulsions during labor
    Ecstasy - A form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason
    Edema - Nephrosis; swelling of tissues
    Edema of lungs - Congestive heart failure; a form of dropsy
    Eel thing - Erysipelas
    Elephantiasis - A form of leprosy
    Encephalitis - Swelling of the brain; aka sleeping sickness
    Enteric fever - Typhoid fever
    Enteritis - Inflammation of the bowels
    Enterocolitis - Inflammation of the intestines
    Epitaxis - Nose bleed
    Erysipelas - Contagious skin disease due to Streptococci with vesiculas and bulbous lesions
    Extravasted blood - Rupture of a blood vessel
    Falling sickness - Epilepsy
    Fatty liver - Cirrhosis of liver
    Fits - Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity
    Flux - An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea
    Flux of humour - Circulation
    French pox - Syphilis
    Gathering - A collection of pus
    Glandular fever - Mononucleosis
    Great pox - Syphilis
    Green fever - Anemia
    Grippe/grip - Influenza-like symptoms
    Grocer's itch - Skin disease cause by mites in sugar or flour
    Heart sickness - Condition caused by loss of salt from body
    Heat stroke - Body temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature
    Hectical complaint - Recurrent fever
    Hematemesis - Vomiting blood
    Hematuria - Bloody urine
    Hemiplegy - Paralysis of one side of the body
    Hip gout - Osteomylitis
    Horrors - Delirium tremers
    Hydrocephalus - - Enlarged head; water on the brain
    Hydropericardium - Heart dropsy
    Hydrophobia - Rabies
    Hydrothroax - Dropsy in chest
    Hypertrophic - Enlargement of an organ, like the heart
    Impetigo - Contagious skin disease characterized by pustules
    Inanition - Physical condition resulting from lack of food
    Infantile paralysis - Polio
    Intestinal colic - Abdominal pain due to improper diet
    Jail fever - Typhus
    Jaundice - Condition cause by blockage of intestines
    King's evil - Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands
    Kruchhusten - Whooping cough
    Lagrippe - Influenza
    Lockjaw - Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw; untreated, it is fatal in eight (8) days
    Long sickness - Tuberculosis
    Lues disease - Syphilis
    Lues venera - Venereal disease
    Lumbago - Back pain
    Lung fever - Pneumonia
    Lung sickness - Tuberculosis
    Lying in - Time of delivery of an infant
    Malignant sore throat - Diphtheria
    Mania - Insanity
    Marasmus - Progressive wasting away of the body, like malnutrition
    Membranous croup - Diphtheria
    Meningitis - Inflations of brain or spinal cord
    Metritis - Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge
    Miasma - Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air
    Milk fever - Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis
    Milk leg - Post partum thrombophlebitis
    Milk sickness - Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds
    Mormal - Gangrene
    Morphew - Scurvy blisters on the body
    Mortification - Gangrene of necrotic tissue
    Myelitis - Inflammation of the spine
    Myocarditis - Inflammation of heart muscles
    Necrosis - Mortification of bones or tissue
    Nephrosis - Kidney degeneration
    Nephritis - Inflammation of kidneys
    Nervous prostration - Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities
    Neuralgia - Described as discomfort, such as "headache" was neuralgia in head
    Nostalgia - Homesickness
    Palsy - Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles
    Paroxysm - Convulsion
    Pemphigus - Skin disease of watery blisters
    Pericarditis - Inflammation of the heart
    Peripneumonia - Inflammation of the lungs
    Peritonitis - Inflammation of the abdominal area
    Petechial fever - Fever characterized by skin spotting
    Phthiriasis - Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis
    Plague - An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate
    Pleurisy - Any pain in the chest area with each breath
    Podagra - Gout
    Poliomyelitis - Polio; Potter's asthma
    Pott's disease - Tuberculosis of the spine
    Puerperal exhaustion - Death due to childbirth
    Puerperal fever - Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant
    Puking fever - Milk sickness
    Putrid fever - Diphtheria
    Quinsy - Tonsillitis
    Remitting fever - Malaria
    Rheumatism - Any disorder associated with pain in joints
    Rickets - Disease of skeletal system
    Rose cold - Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy
    Rotanny fever - (Child's disease) ???
    Rubeola - German measles
    Sanguineous crust - Scab
    Scarlatina - Scarlet fever
    Scarlet fever - A disease characterized by a red rash
    Scarlet rash - Roseola
    Sciatica - Rheumatism in the hips
    Scirrhus - Cancerous tumors
    Scotomy - Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight
    Scrivener's palsy - Writer's cramp
    Screws - Rheumatism
    Scrofula - Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands; progresses slowly with abscesses and pistulas develop; young person's disease
    Scrumpox - Skin disease; impetigo
    Scurvy - Lack of Vitamin C; symptoms of weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under the skin
    Septicemia - Blood poisoning
    Shakes - Delirium tremens
    Shaking - Chills; ague
    Ship fever - Typhus
    Siriasis - Inflammation of the brain due to sun exposure
    Sloes - Milk sickness
    Small pox - Contagious disease with fever and blisters
    Softing of brain - Result of stroke or hemmorhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area
    Sore throat - distemper Diphtheria or quinsy
    Spanish influenza - Epidemic influenza
    Spasms - Sudden involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion
    Spina bifida - Deformity of spine
    Spotted fever - Either typhus or meningitis
    Sprue - Tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat
    St. Anthony's fire - Also erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas being bright red in appearance
    St. Vitas dance - Ceaseless occurance of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntarily
    Stomatitis - Inflammation of the mouth
    Stranger's fever - Yellow fever
    Strangery - Rupture
    Sudor anglicus - Sweating sickness
    Summer complaint - Diarrhea, usually in infants, caused by spoiled milk
    Sunstroke - Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat; lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause
    Swamp sickness - - Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis
    Sweating sickness - - Infectious and fatal disease common to the UK in the 15th century
    Tetanus - Infectious disease characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness
    Thrombosis - Blood clot inside blood vessel
    Thrush - Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat
    Tick fever - Rocky Mountain spotted fever
    Toxemia of pregnancy - Eclampsia
    Trench mouth - Painful ulcers found along gum line; caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene
    Tussis convulsiva - Whooping cough
    Typhus - Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness
    Variola - Smallpox
    Venesection - Bleeding
    Viper's dance - St. Vitus dance
    Yellowjacket - Yellow fever

              Degrading the Amazon harms us        
    SUBHEAD: Deforestation of Brazil  and resulting climate change endangers humanity.

    By Dahr Jamail on 7 August 2017 for Truth Out -

    Image above: In 2014 Brazil refused to join pledge to end deforestation. Photo by Greenpeace. From (

    Warwick Manfrinato, the director of Brazil's Department of Protected Areas, has a deep understanding of biological interdependence, as well as its importance.

    "If we are of utter service to nature, then we provide the benefits to all other living things on the planet," Manfrinato told Truthout in his office at Brazil's capital city recently. "I have the same value as a human as a jaguar has in nature, and both should be protected, otherwise we all go extinct, no matter what."

    Manfrinato, whose department falls within the Secretariat of Biodiversity in Brazil's Ministry of Environment, is working on a variety of projects, including the establishment of a whale sanctuary that will cover the better part of the entire South Atlantic Ocean between Brazil's vast coastal area all the way across to the west coast of Africa. And on June 23, he and his colleagues launched a national "Corridors Program," with the goal of fostering "connectivity and genetic flux."

    "We know the flow of genetics in biomes [biological systems] in life is critical," Manfrinato said. "We have to re-establish this, so a jaguar that exists in Mexico should be able to come all the way here without being killed. Physical connectivity allows for genetic connectivity. A monkey should be able to travel from one part of Brazil to another, without having to pass through land that has been cleared, where there is no forest."

    Manfrinato's colleague, Everton Lucero, who is Brazil's secretary for Climate Change and Environmental Quality, was blunt with Truthout about what could happen if dramatic action is not taken to address the impacts of anthropogenic climate disruption (ACD).

    "The worst-case IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change projection] is 4.5C by 2100, but at local levels here we see very different impacts already, and are already even seeing an 8C increase in places," Lucero told Truthout.

    Manfrinato echoes this: The crisis, he says, has already arrived.

    "Everything that is bad has already happened," he explained. "We've come to terms with who we are, and we are those who destroy the planet. We've already destroyed it."

    Because of this, Manfrinato believes we already know what needs to be done.

    "If we're going to look for solutions, we have to look for the solution for the complexity, not one individual thing," he said. "If there is no connectivity, there is nothing. And that is why I'm busy with building corridors of biodiversity."

    He has his work cut out for him. But he's not alone: Many people are working toward similar goals in the Amazon.

    A Giant Water Pump

    The Amazon is one of the most critically important ecosystems on Earth, and certainly the most biodiverse. It is the world's single largest rainforest, as it is larger than the next two largest rainforests -- the Congo Basin and Indonesia -- combined.

    The Amazon River is by far the world's largest river by volume, and has more than 1,100 tributaries, 17 of which are each longer than 1,000 miles. The Amazonian water system is so massive and complex that it influences rainfall patterns as far away as the US, and 70 percent of South America's gross domestic product is produced in areas that receive precipitation influenced by the Amazon.

    Brazil's role in protecting the Amazon is critical, given that two-thirds of the rainforest is located within Brazil's borders.

    In order to get a sense of the connections between Amazon protection and water issues, Truthout met with Fabio Eno, the coordinator for the Natural Sciences Unit of UNESCO in Brazil, in his office in the capital.

    Eno thinks it is more than timely that Brazil happens to be hosting the World Water Forum in March 2018.

    "Water and drought are critical issues here now, which is so ironic since Brazil is hosting this huge event on water next year, and we are facing water crisis in some of the largest cities here," Eno told Truthout. "What we are seeing in Brazil is that climate change has been and continues to be very clearly visible."

    He pointed out that in Brasilia, where there used to be very clearly demarcated dry and rainy seasons, they are now imbalanced: The dry season is starting earlier, and there is less rain during the rainy season. This is a reflection of the progression of climate-related changes in the country.

    "In the south, well known for rice production, which has high water consumption, they are facing more droughts and this is affecting local farmers," Eno explained. "States in the northeast are now more intensely affected by the dry season, so we see clearly the effects of climate change in all portions of Brazil."

    Eno noted that the impacts have been so intense that Brazil has been caught unprepared, and sees this shift in climate as having contributed to a major international health crisis: Zika virus.

    "With the major drought recently in Sao Paolo, people were encouraged to store water in basins in their residence, and even in their toilets," he said. "Then, not coincidentally, we have Zika virus outbreaks that came about the same year Sao Paolo was storing so much more water. People were storing water in every way they could after what happened, but weren't taking necessary care for safeguards. This caused a major international health issue."

    Manfrinato sees water-related problems as the biggest climate disruption impacts humans have had.

    "What differentiates this planet from every other planet is liquid water," he explained. "It has taken Earth millions of years to find the right balance of liquid water, and people don't understand how important that is and are messing it up with their greed and ambition, of which awareness is far more important."

    Manfrinato explains that as humans have "fooled around" with temperature, they have shaken the very foundation of biology.

    "Fooling around with water is impossible, as that is the tree of the fruit of life," Manfrinato said. "You mess with it, you mess with everything ... and we've already messed with it."

    Lucero also underscored the Amazon's critical role in the watery realms, especially regionally. The rainforest, he said, provides "flying rivers" -- massive amounts of air-borne moisture that develop above the canopy and move with the clouds and rainfall patterns across South America.

    "If you remove the forest, you will cause extreme drought in other regions," he told Truthout.

    But he says that biodiversity is the Amazon's biggest contribution to the world -- and is the most important reason to care for the rainforest.

    "The forest itself is suffering from climate change, as are other biomes," he said. "Variability of climate is affecting the forest from increasing flooding and wildfires, which may, in a doomsday scenario, compromise the entire forest."

    Manfrinato sees humans as part of the ecosystem, and an integral part at that, but most assuredly not the apex.

    "What is required is a shift of awareness of our being part of nature," he said. "The apex is the complexity. Humans are not the apex, and the awareness that comes from this is how dynamic the system is that allows for all of life on Earth.... It'll do this as long as we allow it to do so."

    Manfrinato is deeply passionate about his work, and in the discussion, sounds as much like a philosopher for the planet as Brazil's director of protected areas.

    "We need to respect complexity in order to survive as a species," he said. "Everybody and everything wins, or everybody and everything loses if we hold onto this lack of awareness that the complexity is the most important thing. Your apex contribution is to be aware of the complexity, and then to protect it."

    Brazil's Forest Code

    Many people are acutely aware that there is a massive problem with deforestation in the Amazon. Beginning in 2004, however, deforestation started to decline in the Amazon, primarily because of better protection policies in Brazil. However, the last two years have seen a dramatic increase again. Brazil's government has been in crisis, and monitoring and enforcement have been stymied, allowing for a resurgence.

    Fabio Feldmann served in Brazil's parliament for 12 years in the 1980s and 1990s. He is famous for helping to bring positive changes to the forest code -- protections for the Amazon -- into Brazil's constitution in 1988.

    "The single most important issue facing Brazil is protecting all of the critical biomes," Feldmann told Truthout during an interview at his home in Sao Paolo. "If you destroy the Amazon region in Peru, you have a great impact in Brazil, and vice versa."

    He explained that there is currently only weak collaboration between the countries in South America regarding the Amazon, and this is a problem.

    "When I was elected, there was a radical change [in consciousness] about environmental areas," he said. "But this design has not been translated into effective public policies, so now our generation must reflect about what our legacy is to be because right now the deforestation rates in the Amazon are unbelievably high, after so many years."

    Feldmann said he is optimistic, and cites heightened public awareness about the land today as compared to 30 years ago. However, he asked, "Do we have time to do what must be done?"

    Clayton Lino is president of the Biosphere Reserve Association of Brazil and is a member of the advisory committee for UNESCO's Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve. Truthout interviewed him at his office in the Biosphere Reserve of the Mata Atlantica rainforest in Sao Paolo, a beautifully forested island in the middle of the sprawling polluted city.

    "We are under attack daily, because we have laws in the process of being made that destroy other laws that were there to protect the land," Lino said.

    This is important to understand, Lino said, because there is so much international pressure on the Brazilian government to continue deforesting. Cattle ranching accounts for roughly 70 percent of the total deforestation in Brazil, and the demand for Brazilian beef in the US and Europe is driving that ranching.

    "While local NGOs are working to protect the Amazon and the Mata Atlantica, we do not see any light now," he explained. "There is no international help, and the culture of corruption has infected many Brazilians now because corruption has come from the top down, so more and more people are starting to not respect basic laws."

    He is so concerned because his beloved Mata Atlantica, the second biggest rainforest reserve in Brazil, is the most threatened area of rainforest in the world, second only to the Madagascar rainforest.

    "We have more biodiversity here than even in the Amazon," he said while pointing out the window. "The Amazon is far bigger, but in the Mata ... we have more endemism [species that live only in one area] than anywhere else in the world."

    Lino explained that fragmentation (isolating sections of the forest) is the primary problem in the Mata.

    "There is high biodiversity and fragility, because if you destroy something in one place, it cannot come back in another area of the Mata," he said. "So, fragmenting it causes a very big problem."

    Today, only 8 percent of the Mata Atlantica remains.

    Caring as Protecting

    "Without connectivity for evolutionary movement, it cannot proceed," Manfrinato explained of the natural corridors he is striving to create across his country. "This adaptation process needs north/south corridors, because species in the southern hemisphere need to migrate south, and in the north, they'll need to migrate northwards as global temperatures continue to increase."

    Image above: Warwick Manfrinato, Director of Brazil's Department of Protected Areas, is working to reconnect all of the biodiversity corridors across the Amazon. Photo by Dahr Jamail. From original article.

    Previous to his current job, Manfrinato was a member of the University of Sao Paolo's Amazon research group, which bore the idea of ecological corridors. This is why he was given the position he has in the government: to implement these ideas on the ground.

    "Protection is connection, and vice versa; it has to be both," he said.

    Claudio Angelo is the head of communications for Climate Observatory, an NGO. A former journalist, he now runs a news website for a vast network of 41 Brazilian NGOs which produces annual estimates of the country's greenhouse gas emissions.

    Angelo explained to Truthout that observable shifts in rainfall patterns are now becoming common across the country, along with a shifting of the timings of the wet and dry seasons. Plus, like much of the world, Brazil is seeing far higher temperatures than ever before. He points to some farming regions that have already seen 6C increases.

    "Brazil has warmed faster than the global average, since we are in the tropics," Angelo said. "Since 1961, it is 1C hotter in Brazil, and it took us half the time to warm the same as the rest of the world."

    Angelo noted that the Amazon has seen two 100-year drought events (extreme drought events that only happen every 100 years) in a five-year period -- the first in 2005 and then another in 2010.

    "The feedback mechanisms that exist between deforestation and climate change are my biggest concerns," he said. "Deforestation was 46 percent of our emissions last year, so our main focus is on mitigation. Hence, we are advocating for zero deforestation in Brazil."

    Like Feldmann, Angelo had grown hopeful that his country was finally getting the deforestation of the Amazon under control, until recently.

    "Over the last two years we saw this not to be the case, as we had a 60 percent increase in deforestation in just the last two years," he said. "Because of this, Brazil ranks in the top 10 [countries, in terms of] global greenhouse gas emissions."

    When trees are chopped down, all the CO2 they sequestered from the atmosphere is released. Angelo pointed out the window and discussed the obvious changes.

    "Brazil is still water rationing as we speak, after two record-drought years in a row," he explained. "2015 saw a 45-day heat wave. There is no way you can take off a huge chunk of some part of the planet and think it won't have a major impact on climate change."

    As a climate journalist Angelo has reported from the Arctic, Greenland, Antarctica and deep into the Amazon. But right now, he is most struck by what he is seeing in his hometown of Brasilia. When he was a child, he remembers how cold it was in the evenings during the winter, and how summers were not as hot as they are now.

    "The number of warm nights, when it is not below 20C, has increased 10 times more than it was 30 years ago," he lamented. "Most of the year here now it's just nasty. It's just hot, and it wasn't like this 20-30 years ago."

    Personal experience plays a core role in Manfrinato's motivations, as well. He shared his experience from a recent long hike he'd taken that had a deep effect on his perception of the planet.

    "It was in a newly protected area of Brazil and I came out of there feeling part of that place, meaning, that place is mine, and I'm going to protect it," he explained. "And so, we need everyone to start feeling that way about places ... about the planet. You belong to it because it belongs to you. You don't protect it because it belongs to everybody, you protect it because it belongs to you. The land belongs to me, because I belong to the land."

    Manfrinato continues his work to reconnect wildlife habitat on the local levels. He aims to move it from local to regional connections, then regional to national, then across borders, then continental.

    "We are promoting this internationally," Manfrinato said. "Because without reconnection, we will not survive."

              Charles Clary: Infect[ious] Installations        
        Artist and educator Charles Clary lost both his parents in 2013, two weeks apart, to smoking-related cancers. Clary channeled his grief into...
              Let the sun shine in        
    Former US Supreme Court Justice, Louis Brandeis once said, "sunlight is the best disinfectant." Justice Brandeis eloquently suggested transparency is the only way to expose and clean up government.

    This was aptly demonstrated on the federal stage over the last few years thanks in no small part to whistleblower Allan Cutler, Auditor General Shelia Fraser and Justice John Gomery. All of these people played a significant role in kicking open the closed doors of government to let the sun shine in.

              9 porquices que todo casal faz, já fez ou fará (e o Dr. Bactéria reprova)        


    Publicado no UOL

    Relacionamento é sinônimo de intimidade, muito amor e um desejo imensurável de compartilhar, inclusive algumas nojeirinhas. Mas, se até cecê pega (e pega, mesmo), dê uma olhada nesta lista. Separamos nove porquices que os casais fazem, mas não deveriam, com a ajuda do Dr. Bactéria (ou Roberto Figueiredo, biomédico e diretor do Microbiotécnica, centro de assessoria em higiene e saneamento ambiental, em São Paulo).

    Dividir chiclete e bala

    Compartilhe amor, não compartilhe balas ou chicletes mascados. Os doces ficam impregnados com as bactérias da saliva (muito mais do que na troca do beijo). Passa gripe, herpes, gastrite, úlcera e muito mais.

    Fazer xixi enquanto tomam banho


    Geralmente, a urina é estéril. Se ninguém estiver doente, não vai transmitir nada. Mas e se tiver? E, convenhamos, tem coisa que é melhor fazer sozinho, né? Xixi é uma delas

    Dividir a escova de dente

    Juntar as escovas não faz mal só no sentido de morar junto. Deixar no mesmo copo não pode. Dividir, então, nem pensar! Ao usar a alheia, podemos colocar dentro do nosso corpo todas as bactérias que vivem ali. Em uma gota de saliva há cerca de 2 bilhões de microrganismos –que, na escova, se multiplicam. Aliás, troque a sua a cada três meses.

    Usar a mesma fronha

    Acne, micose e até a caspa, que é um tipo de inflamação, podem ser transmitidas pela fronha de travesseiro. Por isso, mais uma vez, é melhor cada um usar a sua.

    Alicate, cortador e lâmina

    Se você compartilhar esses objetos, prepare-se: vocês vão acabar dividindo coisas nada românticas, como micoses e infecções de pele. Tem necessidade?

    Copos e talheres

    Um golinho do copo dele, uma garfadinha do prato dela na sua boca… Normal, né? Melhor parar. Copos e talheres devem ser usados individualmente.

    Usar a mesma toalha de banho

    Ácaros, piolho, sarna, micoses e até o HPV podem ser transmitidos pela toalha de banho. Esse último, principalmente, se for na hora que a pessoa infectada acabou de usar, pois os vírus de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis não resistem tanto tempo fora do corpo.

    Espremer o cravo alheio

    Veja que beleza: apertar cravos e espinhas deixa germes e ácaros na ponta dos dedos e na unha, que podem ser transmitidos se você coçar o rosto, por exemplo. Por isso, nada de espremer! A pele não está boa? Procure um dermatologista.

    Bucha e sabonete

    A bucha pode ficar com restos de pele porque esfregamos ela no corpo. Para evitar mais trocas de micose, o melhor é cada um ter a sua. Para não dar confusão, compre de cores diferentes, pois é justamente esse o motivo de existirem buchas coloridas. Sobre o sabonete, não precisa de neurose e cada pessoa ter um, mas lavar e retirar os pelinhos não custa nada.

    Dividir desodorante roll-on

    O suor não tem cheiro. São as bactérias da pele da pessoa é que produzem o famoso cecê. Por isso, se o seu desodorante acabar, é melhor ficar sem usar nada a pegar o do outro emprestado. Do contrário, todos os microrganismos que ficam no produto podem passar para você.

              The Cage, Volume III        

    I was watching ESPN last week and I saw an interview they did with Ben Roethlisberger, who was suspended by the NFL because he apparently used a bathroom stall for a number other than 1 or 2 (hint: it was 69). During the interview, Roethlisberger completely jacked Magic Johnson’s concept of having an alter ego created from fame and money. In an HBO documentary that aired earlier this year, Magic explained that it wasn’t actually Earvin Johnson who routinely cheated on his wife and got HIV. It was “Magic.” Magic was the leader of the Lakers who threw behind the back passes, oozed all sorts of charisma and personality in interviews, and put his tallywhacker where it didn’t belong. Earvin was a shy kid from Michigan who was humble, respectful, and could apparently grow a kickass afro. He went on to say something like deep down he was Earvin, but fame and money had turned him into Magic. Basically, he was a victim of his own success. Poor guy.

    The crazy thing about Magic’s interview was that I actually ended up feeling bad for him, even though everything he said suggested that I should have felt the exact opposite. The reason for this is because Magic is quite possibly the most likable athlete to ever live, which is why guys like me were listening to what he said and were thinking, “Wow, I never thought of it like that. Magic didn’t want to have sex with all these women, but since he was rich and famous, he had no choice.” I never once questioned his logic, because he’s Magic Johnson, and Magic Johnson could tell me that he murdered my family and destroyed every copy of FIFA ever made, and as long as he smiled and let out that hearty laugh of his, I’d probably shake his hand and tell him not to worry about it.

    Ben Roethlisberger, on the other hand, comes across as a guy who is as charismatic and persuasive as Brett Favre’s penis. So when he blatantly stole Magic’s alter ego concept and said something like “I stopped being the Ben Roethlisberger who grew up in Findlay and spent his weekends sheltering the homeless, and I started becoming Big Ben, captain of the Pittsburgh Steelers,” I couldn’t help but think of how big of a jerk this guy is and how I don’t feel sorry for him at all. Sure he used the exact same excuse as Magic, but since he’s nowhere near as likable as Magic, I was furious. The excuse works for guys who have an infectious smile (and in Magic’s case, an infectious disease) or at least a likable personality. It most certainly does not work for guys who think it’s appropriate to have the most rapist-looking haircut in the world right after they’ve been accused of sexual assault.

    I guess the point I’m trying to convey here is that I’m really upset that Big Ben had to completely ruin this otherwise great excuse for misbehaving. Magic laid the foundation for athletes and celebrities to save themselves with nothing more than a little charisma and an alter ego. I even used Magic’s model to formulate a plan for myself. In five to ten years, when the cops inevitably bust open my door to find a dead hooker in my bathtub and an unconscious me laying in the living room with my pants around my ankles and my face buried in a huge mound of cocaine, I was going to be so excited to tell the judge that it wasn’t me who got into all that trouble. It was The Shark. But no. Ben Roethlisberger has to go and be an unlikable sleazeball and ruin it for everyone. Wait, I got that wrong. It was Big Ben who ruined it for everyone. Ben Roethlisberger did nothing wrong. My bad.

    Now that I got that off my chest, let’s open up The Cage and see if I can do my best to avoid answering your emails. Before you ask, the answer is yes – all of these are real emails from real people, except for the ones that aren’t. ___________________________________________________

    My email question is: Why do you never answer emails?
    - Ann L.

    Good question.

    Dear Mark, you are my hero. I love you.
    -Riley A.

    Good statements.

    Since you are a mid twenties something man, I am sure that you were excited when you heard of NBA JAM 2010. And since you grew up in Indiana, I was wondering what you thought about the fact that Reggie Miller and Rik Smits didn't make the Pacers legends roster.
    - Matt S.

    Even though I grew up 20 minutes from downtown Indianapolis, I admittedly have never been much of a Pacers fan. This is predominantly because I absolutely despised the way Reggie Miller played basketball, which is to say that I despised how dirty of player he was and how much he trash talked. I hated all the theatrics that came with his game and I reached my boiling point with him when he pushed off of Jordan to hit that shot in the ‘98 Eastern Conference Finals, and then proceeded to execute the worst game-winning shot celebration in history. That play alone epitomized everything I hated about Reggie Miller.

    As I grew older, though, I realized that trash talking and playing dirty were woven into the fabric of basketball tradition just as much as Chuck Taylors and teammates using the N-bomb as a term of endearment. Upon learning this, I gained a greater appreciation for Reggie’s talents and actually respect the hell out of the guy now. He was one of the best clutch shooters of all-time and made the NBA that much better during his playing days. As for Rik Smits? He was always one of my favorite players if for no other reason than he had a mullet and an awesome nickname (The Dunkin Dutchman). I liked him so much that I briefly considered playing for Marist when they were recruiting me in high school, even though I knew absolutely nothing about the school or basketball program other than the fact that Rik Smits played there.

    To answer your question, I think this has the potential to make the fine people of Indianapolis the most upset they’ve been since Steven Tyler disgraced our great country with his national anthem at the 2001 Indy 500. Miller and Smits are the Pacers. If you asked all the Pacer fans who will buy NBA JAM 2010 to name the first two Pacers to come to mind, every one of them would say Miller and Smits. How could they possibly leave both of these guys off the game? More importantly, who got the nod ahead of them? Travis Best?

    Now that we got Moss how many more years does Favre stay for? 4? 5? 45?
    - Nate H.

    All of the above. He will retire after four more years, come back, retire again after another year, come back, and then finally retire for good 40 years later. But his final retirement won’t be his choice. It will be God’s. Following the 2055 NFL season, an 86-year-old Brett Favre will have a heart attack, pick up the phone to dial 911, and ultimately die in stunned silence after Tracy Porter intercepts his call.

    (I thought that taking an hour-long rape shower immediately after the Vikings lost the NFC Championship last year would get me over the loss. I couldn’t have been more wrong.)

    Who would win in a street fight? Mark Madsen or Craig Ehlo?
    - Doug P.

    This is a no-brainer. I’m taking Craig Ehlo over Mark Madsen in a fight of any kind, whether it be street, MMA, or pillow. This is because I’m 100% sure that he’s tougher than the Maddog. Think about it. Both of these guys are known for one thing respectively. Madsen is famous for setting white people back at least 20 years with his horrendous dancing at the Lakers championship celebration. And by 20 years, I mean that he didn’t set white people back at all because pretty much all white guys dance like that. But still.

    Ehlo’s claim to fame, however, is that he was repeatedly abused by Michael Jordan. I’m guessing a lot of people reading this are Cavs fans who don’t need to be reminded, but the rest of you probably only know Ehlo because of the shot Jordan hit over him at the buzzer to knock the Cavs out of the ‘89 playoffs, when in reality he was frequently dominated by Jordan (in Ehlo’s defense, though, who wasn’t?). Along with hitting “The Shot,” Jordan’s career high of 69 points also came against the Cavs in 1990, and while Ehlo didn’t start out guarding Jordan, he certainly guarded him (or attempted to) for a majority of the game. Ehlo got abused by Jordan so much, in fact, that during a game in Chicago, following a play in which Jordan scored on Ehlo even though Ehlo had wrapped him up with both arms, one of the game announcers was in such disbelief at how frequently plays like that happened that he felt compelled to say, “It always happens to Craig Ehlo” (I’m too lazy to look it up on YouTube, but I can just about guarantee that you’ll be able to find it). Jordan obviously had many victims during his career, but nobody got abused on a regular basis by Jordan like Craig Ehlo did. Nobody. Sorry, Cavs fans.

    So what does that have to do with fighting? It’s pretty simple, really. People have spent the past 10 years telling Madsen that he sucks at dancing, which is something that I’m sure he’s somewhat proud of. Meanwhile, people have been telling Craig Ehlo for the past 15+ years that he’s Jordan’s bitch. You and I can’t even fathom how much pent-up anger Ehlo is waiting to unleash because of this. That’s why I think if these guys really got into a fight, Ehlo would be like the disgruntled employee who finally snaps and shows up to work with a shotgun, only instead of pumping bullets into his co-workers he would be pumping a steady dose of knuckle sandwiches into Mark Madsen’s face.

    I think it's fair to say that I anticipated FIFA 11 just about as much as anyone. And, of course, was disappointed just as much as everyone. My roommate is the only one of my friends to share a love for the beautiful game. We got FIFA 10 last year to start preparing for the World Cup, and it was a great ride. I've even been getting up at 9:55 on Saturdays to watch EPL games. When FIFA 11 arrived we spent the next 2 days playing it and came to the conclusion that indeed it did suck, and maybe we'll just have to play FIFA 10. A few days go by and we give it another chance. Sure enough, I hate it just as much as before, however... he now pulls a 180 and says he likes it better than it's predecessor. I was floored. He read the first paragraph of your latest blog, and closed it. He refused to read, as he called it, “garbage.” So my question is - 1. Is his TMM membership revoked? and B. How do I best handle this doucher?
    - Dan W.

    As much as I’d like to revoke his TMM membership, the fact is that the only crime he’s guilty of is loving FIFA too much, which obviously isn’t a crime at all. I would be a hypocrite to denounce him for defending FIFA, so I can’t exactly be that upset.

    However, anyone who thinks FIFA 11 is better than FIFA 10 is obviously completely out of their mind. These are the same people who probably prefer the first Home Alone, the second version of DX, and the Third Reich. These people are so off-base with their thinking that they can’t be rationalized with. There is no saving your friend. I suggest you knock him unconscious, throw him in the trunk of your car, drive until you reach the depths of hell, and then leave his ass to rot in Ann Arbor, Michigan for being so dumb. Or you could just draw penises on his face the next time he passes out. Whatever works for you.

    What are your thoughts on Rufus taking on Brutus?
    - Justin B.

    I’m kinda split on this particular mascot attack. On the one hand, I’m all for mascot-on-mascot violence because every time it happens, it’s always hilarious to me. Always. Plus, when the kid who dressed up as Rufus was interviewed, he said that the only reason he ever tried out in the first place was because he knew that OU played Ohio State and he wanted to attack Brutus. I completely respect this kid’s ambition and desire to achieve his dreams. But, on the other hand, he kinda took a cowardly approach by springing a surprise attack on Brutus. There is absolutely no honor in how he went about doing it which kinda takes away from the act altogether. If you’re going to start a mascot fight, you gotta do it the old fashioned way – walk up behind the other mascot and give him a nice little shove. When he turns around to acknowledge your shove, you shove him again to let him know that it wasn’t an accident and that it most certainly is on. From there, you wait a second to let him have a chance to process what exactly is going on, and then you unleash hell. That’s the only fair way to go about it that still makes for great theater. It’s Mascot Fighting 101.

    When I first read about this mascot fight, I was immediately struck by how awesome both mascot names are. I was sure that a fight between Rufus and Brutus would have to be the greatest combination of mascot names that could possibly get into a fight, but like most things, I was wrong. After doing a little Wikipedia research, I’ve decided that the best possible mascot fight that could ever take place, based solely on the names of the mascots involved, would be if Scrotie (from the Rhode Island School of Design) fought Gaylord (from Campbell University). Can you imagine the headlines if this ever happened? I would actually go buy a newspaper for once in my life, just so I could have a copy of a paper with an inadvertently hilarious headline like “Gaylord Wrestles With Scrotie.” Another element of hilarity is added when you consider that this story is absolutely unGooglable, because Googling “gaylord” and “scrotie” together would result in nothing but gay porn on at least the first 27 pages of results (not that I would know or anything). That really would be the greatest mascot fight ever. I dare you to check out the Wikipedia list of mascots and come up with something better than that.

    Speaking of homosexuality…

    I played D3 hoops and we always had uncomfortable conversations about why one or two guys would rather hike back to the dorms in the winter weather than get into the team shower mix. Along those lines, were you a shower sandal wearer, or were you willing to take that risk? Did you ever pee on your feet as a faux method to kill fungus? Did your teammates offer to do it for you? Was my locker room just that weird?
    - CC

    First I’ll answer your questions - no, yes (just to freak out my teammates who apparently never realized that I’d douse my feet in soap after I did it), no, and yes if your teammates offered to do it for you. Now if you’ll excuse me, I’ll address something that should have been addressed long ago.

    Locker room shower etiquette is one of the most confusing things in the world to me, right up there with the female anatomy and Three 6 Mafia winning an Oscar. In all my years of playing sports, I’ve never understood it. It’s completely counterintuitive for one fairly obvious reason.

    It’s no secret that male athletes (specifically football and basketball players) are some of the most homophobic people on the planet. This is solely because they have an unspoken pressure to be as tough as they possibly can, and doing anything that could ever be perceived as “gay” would completely destroy their macho reputation in their minds. This is why they annoyingly overuse the phrase “no homo” on a regular basis (“no homo but I’m really hungry”), because even the slightest act of “gayness” would destroy an athlete’s reputation among his colleagues. Yet these are the same people who see no problem with packing twelve naked guys into a tiny communal shower area or making fun of a teammate with a small penis. It truly is perplexing.

    And then there are women athletes, who are often stereotyped as being lesbians, even though a majority of them aren’t. But even so, anyone who has ever been on spring break can tell you that there are tons of straight girls who are willing to make out with each other if you offer them $20 or simply start a convincing group chant. Women athletes don’t have that macho perception to live up to, which is why they tend to be much less paranoid about being perceived as gay. But if you were to ask women athletes if they use the locker room showers after their games, nearly all of them would say something along the lines of, “That’s disgusting. Why would we do that?” It truly is perplexing.

    Speaking of homosexuality…

    My bromate named Chris continually bashes soccer for only being for homosexual people. Do you believe that assessment is true?
    - Terry P.

    In a word, no. In a hyperlink, this.

    What is your greatest experience with a Thad Matta halftime or postgame tongue lashing?
    - Caleb W.

    A little known fact about Coach Matta is that he might be the worst yeller in the history of getting angry. What I mean by this is that it’s completely unnatural for him to yell, so when he does it’s hard to take him seriously. He’s the consummate “players’ coach,” which is why I was able to write my blog and act like an idiot on a daily basis. Because of this, he rarely ever screamed at us and when he did it was always a little forced. Looking back, it was always pretty funny when he yelled but one story involving his yelling sticks out more than any other, even though it wasn’t at halftime or after a game.

    During my freshman year at Ohio State, Coach Matta began having back problems that eventually led to him having foot drop in his right foot that still plagues him today. Before his injury, one of his favorite ways of expressing his anger during practice was to dropkick a basketball into the Schottenstein Center stands. When yelling simply wasn’t getting the job done, he’d find a ball laying close to him scream a few four-letter words, and cherry bomb for the upper deck. But when he started having back problems, he obviously couldn’t punt basketballs anymore, so he had to start improvising.

    Maybe the funniest moment in my Ohio State career happened at one practice after Coach Matta’s back problems came up. He got upset with the way we were playing, presumably because Ivan Harris was shooting too many fade-away threes and Ron Lewis was smacking his lips at everybody, and stopped practice to unleash a furious tirade. After he thought he got through to us, we started practicing again. But on the very first play back, somebody didn’t do something right (my guess is that Daequan Cook forgot that he had to run to the other end of the floor and play defense after he scored) and Coach Matta lost it. He temporarily forgot about his foot drop as he searched for a basketball to punt into the stands. When he eventually found one, the proverbial light bulb in his head went off telling him that kicking a basketball is right next to swinging a golf club and receiving a powerbomb on the list of “The Absolute Worst Things You Could Possibly Do With A Bad Back.” Upon realizing this, Coach Matta turned to a nearby assistant coach and quickly told him something that was undoubtedly along the lines of “kick this for me.”

    The assistant (who will remain unnamed for his sake) was obviously flustered by the request, because it was probably the last thing he expected to hear. Plus, he hadn’t even been that upset that we were playing badly, or at least he certainly wasn’t mad enough to want to kick a basketball. Still, the assistant didn’t want to upset Coach Matta more than he already was, so he quickly wound up to kick the ball. But instead of kicking it, he almost completely whiffed, as the ball grazed the side of his foot and rolled to the other end of the court. When this happened, the assistant was so embarrassed about whiffing that he actually became just as mad as Coach Matta, even though it was for a completely different reason. In a hilarious turn of events, the assistant coach decided that the best way to release the anger that he had just developed was to, you guessed it, dropkick another basketball. He hurriedly grabbed another ball and again wound up to boot the snot out of it. This time he made a little better contact, with “little” being the operative word here. The ball shot off the side of his foot as he shanked the kick into only the fifth row of the stands. I started laughing so hard that I had to bury my face in my jersey, and eventually acted like I had to pee so I could leave the gym without getting busted for not taking things seriously. It was, without a doubt, the worst execution of an angry tirade by a coaching staff that I’ve ever witnessed.

    Ok, so maybe it wasn’t the funniest thing to happen when I was at Ohio State. But it’s still pretty funny to think about a pissed off Coach Matta delegating the role of ball-kicker to a flustered assistant coach, who just so happened to be so bad a kicking that he made Ray Finkle look like Morten Andersen.

    Just was wondering what your thoughts are on OSU basketball team this upcoming year. Think they will be as good as you guys were last year even with the loss of The Villain? I know they have a good incoming freshman class that will help, especially with Sullinger. So just seeing what your thoughts are on the subject.
    - JJ S.

    Obviously I could make some wisecracks about how Ohio State is going to struggle to replace me and my record for the most wins in the history of the program. And I could joke about how I brought so many intangibles to the team that I’m just as synonymous with intangibility as MC Hammer. And I could also make some funnies about how screwed the team will be because they’ll have one less silky smooth J to have to keep in check during practice, which means they won’t be nearly as prepared as they should be for games. I could do all those things, but since most of you are probably Ohio State fans who really do want to know how good the team will be, I’ll give you my honest opinion on this year’s team.

    I fully expect this year’s team to be every bit as good as our team from last year, even though they lost The Villain. In fact, I think they might actually be better off without The Villain. Obviously, on the surface it seems like I’m saying this just because I want to take shots at The Villain, but the truth is that last year we won or lost based on how he played. Clearly he played well more often than not, but even so, many of our games consisted of four guys standing around watching Evan take over. This became a problem during a few stretches of last season. There’s no way that they’ll be able to replace The Villain this year, but I don’t think they necessarily need to. This team will have a lot more parity, which will force teams to plan their defenses around more than one guy.

    On an individual level, I really think Will Buford will be the best player in the Big Ten this year, which may be surprising to hear for some people. I don’t think he has much of a chance to win the Big Ten POY simply because of the fact that the people who vote for these things are unfathomably stupid, but he certainly has the talent to be phenomenal this year. From what I’ve seen over the summer and early this fall, Will has not only improved his basketball skills, but he’s also taken his mental approach to a whole new level. Last year he kinda took a backseat and picked his spots throughout the season, but this year he’s already showing signs of being the undisputed go-to guy on the team. He’s playing his ass off right now and I would say his swagger is through the roof, except I’ve never actually used the word “swagger” to describe anything in my life and I really don’t want to start now. But you get the idea.

    As for some of the other guys – Dallas Lauderdale finally gave in to his baldness and shaved his head, which is hilariously awesome to me. Dave Lighty has promised me that since this is his 17th and last year at OSU, he’s planning on making it his best. And Jon Diebler is still the same doucher he’s always been.

    Oh, and Coach Matta told me that Jared Sullinger is the best player he’s ever recruited. Ever. And this was when Jared was at least 30 pounds overweight. He’s since lost a lot of weight and is in much better shape. Translation: I’m going to every home game this year.

    Which brings us to the next email…

    I'm a freshmen here at the great OSU. Basketball tickets go on sale today, and the games I've been to I (and I'm sure you also) have noticed some great fans in the student section such as Red Man Group and the Cowboy. With the basketball fans getting a lot of flack about not being good enough and the reforms they made to the student section this year (behind the bench), do you have any ideas for one person or a group of people to get a 4 year tradition of great Buckeye fanhood? The only idea I have that is decent (or maybe not) would be to have 5 guys all in full uniform behind the bench every game and call ourselves "Second String" or something like that. So let me know if you've got some good ones and you can see your work in action this winter at the games.
    - Eric L.

    If there’s one thing I’ve always wished I was better at, it’s parkour. But if there’s two things I wished I was better at, they’re parkour and coming up with creative ideas for basketball fans or fantasy football/intramural team names. For some reason I always draw a blank on these kinds of things, probably because I have never actually experienced any of them. I’ve never played intramurals or fantasy football and I was always too busy making it rain to think about creative basketball fan costumes or signs, which is why I think I’m so far behind on the creative curve with this stuff. It’s a lame, copout of an excuse, I know. But I really think this Second String idea is solid. I’d go with that if I were you.

    I’m a sophomore in high school. Today I was eating lunch and like we do everyday, we were shooting trick shots into the trash can with our empty Gatorade bottles, the only drink for high quality athletes. I made a behind the back bounce off one table and over our assistant principal. I just wanted a judgment of this shot from a respected, honorable American like yourself. On a scale from 1 to the size of Greg Oden's penis, what would you rate this shot?
    - Nathan P.

    Without video evidence, I just don’t see how I can give it anything higher than a Brett Favre.

    Since there has been a tremendous lack of historical wrestling flavor in your blog save for a few small references, I would like to share with you that two of the all-time legends, Ric Flair and Mick Foley, will battle it out in the upcoming TNA Impact in somewhat of a "Last Match".
    Where does this fall in the list of all-time saddest wrestling moments?
    - AJ K.

    In order, here’s my list of the Top 10 all-time saddest moments in wrestling history:

    1. My parents telling me when I was in 3rd grade that I couldn’t watch wrestling anymore because it’s “filth.” It would be almost five years before I started watching again. An obvious choice for #1.
    2. Owen Hart falling to his death
    3. Chris Benoit murders/suicide
    4. The Montreal Screwjob
    5. Ric Flair and Mick Foley – “Last Match”
    6. Keller showing me a particular zoomed in screen shot from the X-Pac and Chyna sex tape (if you don’t know what I’m talking about, consider yourself lucky – you honest to God don’t want to know)
    7. Earthquake squashing Damien
    8. Mae Young giving birth to Mark Henry’s hand baby (sad because it was an awkward and embarrassingly terrible storyline)
    9. The Rock starring in The Tooth Fairy
    10. The fact that this video doesn’t even have 60,000 views

    I know it goes without saying, but just so we’re clear – the greatest moment in wrestling history is without a doubt “The Plane Ride from Hell,” highlighted by Ric Flair trying to get a flight attendant’s attention by spinning his penis in circles while wearing nothing but one of his badass robes.

    I've been thinking for some time that you're input could be valuable on this subject. Since last winter my roommates and I have debated what would be the best way to "make whoopee" with Jillian from The Biggest Loser. I guess there really are a lot of excellent options to go about this but the following are the choices for the four of us:
    1. My personal favorite: Give her absolutely everything you've got only to have her screaming at you how inferior you are
    2. Completely dominate and control her to turn the tables
    3. Cover her in all manner of fatty delicious deserts and eat them off each other as foreplay
    4. The two of you are
    “furries.” I think this guy has a fetish b/c I'm not sure how it relates to Jillian.
    - Scott C.

    Call me old-fashioned, but if I had to “make whoopee” with Jillian I’d just do it the same way I’ve done it my whole life – I’d make her a mixtape full of K-Ci & JoJo to get her attention, I’d give her my class ring to prove my sincerity, and then I’d slip a roofie into her drink and have my way with her underneath the bleachers during the 3rd quarter of the varsity football game. But that’s just me. I’m more chivalrous than most. ___________________________________________________

    After I called out the walk-on community with my last blog post, tons of walk-ons around the country emailed me to sign up for The Belt. This is very encouraging, but I still think we need more guys. So again, please email me if you are a Division I men’s basketball walk-on. Even if you aren’t eligible for The Belt, you can still help out by writing a Facebook message or something to the walk-ons for your favorite basketball team that will let them know about this awesome contest.

    I also want to take a second to remind everyone about the Club Trillion Halloween costume contest I decided to have. In case you forgot, the only rule for the contest is that your costume has some sort of reference to Club Tril. This reference can be as strong or as weak as you want, as costumes can range from a walk-on basketball player sitting on a bench to my idea of a giant inflatable penis wearing an Evan Turner jersey. Remember: the stakes are high, as the most creative costume gets a free “FUNDAMENTALS MONTAGE!!!” shirt.

    Finally, I wanted to let the Trillion Man March know that we will again be taking part in Movember this year for prostate cancer awareness/research. Since this blog post is already long enough, I’ll provide all the details with the next blog post. For now, I just wanted to remind you all to get mentally prepared to start growing your mustaches out on November 1st. Also, I’m planning on having maybe a couple mustache contests and I’m working on getting Barbasol to sponsor everything by providing shaving cream for the winners. Get excited. ___________________________________________________

    Your awesome YouTube was sent in to me by John J. and features Mitchell, a member of the TMM, wearing his CLUB TRIL shirt. There’s your shout-out, John. And here’s your video.

    Proud To Be An American But Even Prouder To Be A Buckeye,

    Mark Titus

    Club Trillion Founder

              BWW Review: DR. JOHN IN SAN DIEGO at Embarcadero Marina        

    A worse-for-wear Dr. John walked slowly to the piano with the help of two canes. He was no quicker while leaving the stage at the end of the set. But for over an hour in between, he and his sextet kept up an infectious funky beat, and his voice and piano playing erased half a century of his 76 years. Listeners felt an irresistible urge to tap feet, sway rhythmically, and sometimes laugh at the lyrics of songs such as "How Come My Dog Don't Bark (When You Come 'Round)?" sung in Dr. John's inimitable raspy growl. Contrary to the title of his biggest hit, it was "Right Place, Right Time."

    San Diego's Euphoria Brass Band octet set an appropriately festive mood before the main act with a New Orleans brass-band sound, spiced by R&B tinged saxes. As they

    Euphoria Brass Band

    left the stage before a brief intermission, they second-lined with a good chunk of the crowd, wailing to a finish on the large lawn where people socialize and buy food and beverages before the concert.

    In strange program-handout oversites, Euphoria band members were listed, the musicians backing Dr. John weren't, and Dr. John was described as a guitarist rather than a pianist. He does play both, but usually piano, his only instrument on this night.

    The concert was part of the San Diego Symphony's "Bayside Summer Nights" series at the Embarcadero on the waterfront. During my recent interview with Symphony CEO Martha Gilmer she told me a substantial investment in the series is playing an important role in plans for reaching a larger audience. This season that means performers such as Tony Bennett, Wynonna Judd and Leslie Odom, Jr.

    But for me, the most important change has been a huge improvement in audio-visual equipment. The outdoor concerts previously had the sound of an AM table-radio playing in another room at home. Especially for those choosing ultra-casual seating on the grass, only the canons of Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture could attract attention above neighboring conversations. No more. Bass guitarist Roland Guerin and drummer Herlin Riley were rocking the outdoor venue as if it were an intimate night club, while video closeups of soloists and their instruments were sharp and clear on a new stadium-size display above the stage.

    The set included mandatory appearances of "Right Place, Wrong Time" and "Such a Night," among many other tunes. Although Dr. John sang and played piano on each, most of the solo heavy-lifting went to organ and keyboard player Joe Ashlar, trumpeter Leon Brown and lead guitarist Eric Struthers. Ashlar played with spectacular bouncing energy. Brown can do old-fashioned New Orleans gut-bucket trumpet, but mixes in more contemporary sounds and the mysterious, dark-glasses stage-presence of a MiLes Davis. Eric Struthers adds to the group's eclectic and eccentric style with virtuosic blues and rock-phrased electric guitar.

    Dr. John might have gotten the most enthusiastic reaction of the evening had he included a change-of-pace solo in the New Orleans Professor Longhair style he does so well. But the relentless swampy gris-gris groove was never less than captivating.

    A cool evening on San Diego's waterfront with food, liquid refreshment and top-notch entertainment. What's not to like? The Symphony's summer series continues through September 3rd. For a calendar and ticket information visit SD SYMPHONY.

              Welcome to the Pro Team Thomas Delfino        

    The flying Frenchmen has landed on the Rome SDS Global Pro Team!

    An infectious personality on and off his snowboard, Thomas Delfino attracts attention ever time he drops-in.
    Thomas bust onto the global scene thanks to stand-out parts in Almo Films productions and he quickly became a go-to addition to our 12 Months Project by filming in the February, May and August videos. A year later, our Find Snowboarding series brought Thomas to the furthest corners of the globe; from splitboarding in the Aleutians, ripping Norwegian parks with Ståle and adventuring through the French Alps with Bjorn. This last season he continued to progress while filming for the Bucket List video series where he sent it through North America and Austria.

    A preference for deep powder, steep drops and lofty jumps, Thomas is a backcountry ruler who is equally happy accessing terrain by splitboard, sled, or lift-access in the Alps. However he gets up a face or zone, it’s safe to say it Thomas’s respect and passion for snowboarding shows in how he goes about it. His perpetually stoked attitude and his ability to ride any terrain no matter the conditions, makes him an integral part of whatever trip he’s on—and a top choice for us when we’re planning out a project.

    Passion cannot be bought, sold, reproduced or faked. He comes at snowboarding the same way that we do. Thomas is the real deal and we are beyond stoked to welcome him to the pro team!

    Cast: Rome Snowboards

    Tags: Rome SDS, Thomas Delfino, Welcome to the Pro Team, Snowboarding, Snowboard, Rome Snowboards and Hell Yeah Thomas

              Ten Years Later: Foster Care, Again         

    IN late June, Congress marked the 10th anniversary of its enactment of sweeping legislation to reform the nation's child welfare system and provide foster children with greater legal safeguards. The law resulted in many significant improvements. But forces unleashed in the '80s demand a renewed commitment to these children. The ``Adoption Assistance and Child Welfare Act of 1980'' was designed to reduce foster care placements by providing services to families at risk. The law also established procedural protections, including a case review system and due process guarantees, to protect children from languishing in foster care.

    Ten years later, approximately 500,000 children live in the foster care, juvenile justice, and mental health systems. An increasing number are repeat placements. The number of children in out-of-home care could rise top 840,000 by 1995, if present trends continue.

    Children, families, foster parents, and caseworkers have become victims under the current, overburdened system. A 12-year-old former foster child testified before Congress that he'd had so many different placements that he couldn't remember them all. A mother told us she placed her son in foster care to get him the services he badly needed.

    In Florida, a caseworker was recently convicted of child abuse for returning a two-year-old to parents who drowned the toddler because she had not been toilet trained. Caseworkers have repeatedly testified that they are understaffed and overworked. In trying to determine whether to return a child to its parents, caseworkers are now damned if they do and damned if they don't.

    When the 1980 law was enacted, crack cocaine was unknown. Eight years later, over 100,000 children were born exposed to cocaine. That number could rise to 4 million by the end of this decade. The victims of crack and other drugs are prime candidates for the foster care system. In New York City, crack was a factor in nearly 9,000 child neglect cases last year - over three times as many as in 1986. In California, over 60 percent of drug exposed babies have been placed in foster care, and nationwide many more have become ``boarder babies'' - abandoned in hospitals by parents too sick, or too strung out, to care for them.

    AIDS, virtually unknown in 1980, today infects hundreds of children who are abandoned and in need of care. Another leading cause of children entering the child welfare system in the '80s was child abuse. Reports of abuse have more than doubled since a decade ago, with over 2.2 million reports last year.

    And a decade ago, the scourge of homelessness was only a minor concern. Today, families with children are one of the fastest growing groups among the homeless, and those children are prime candidates for foster care. In fact, some social-service agencies have compelled homeless parents to give up their children in order to qualify for shelter.

    These factors were compounded by massive cuts in federal ``safety net'' child welfare and housing programs. With the ink barely dry on the 1980 foster care law, the new Reagan administration sought to repeal it and let state and local governments handle the mounting crises on their own. When Congress wouldn't let that happen, the Department of Health and Human services tried de facto repeal: funding for preventative services was opposed, state plans went unreviewed, and few audits were conducted despite growing evidence of fiscal mismanagement and soaring costs.

    Fortunately, some counties and states have initiated family preservation programs to reduce dependence on foster placements, often with financial support from foundations and the private sector. Many have demonstrated success. Only 2 percent of the families served under Maryland's Intensive Family Services program, for example, required out-of-home placement.

    But many states and localities can't afford their own programs to compensate for federal indifference. Legislation we recently introduced will direct greater resources toward family preservation and will assist states in developing proven, cost effective services to keep families together - such as pre-placement, reunification, post-adoption and after-care assistance, and strengthened due process protections for foster children and their parents.

    It is a sad commentary on the state of domestic policies that the best action Congress can take to commemorate the 10th anniversary of our foster care law is to pass a new bill to fulfill the promise of the original reform. Sad, yes; but it would be irresponsible to allow hundreds of thousands of children to languish without a place to call home.

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              Throw Away Your Hearing Aid And Restore Your Hearing With This Natural Method!        
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    Li Europan lingues es membres del sam familie. Lor separat existentie es un myth. Por scientie, musica, sport etc, litot Europa usa li sam vocabular. Li lingues differe solmen in li grammatica, li pronunciation e li plu commun vocabules. Omnicos directe al desirabilite de un nov lingua franca: On refusa continuar payar custosi traductores. At solmen va esser necessi far uniform grammatica, pronunciation e plu sommun paroles.

    Ma quande lingues coalesce, li grammatica del resultant lingue es plu simplic e regulari quam ti del coalescent lingues. Li nov lingua franca va esser plu simplic e regulari quam li existent Europan lingues. It va esser tam simplic quam Occidental in fact, it va esser Occidental. A un Angleso it va semblar un simplificat Angles, quam un skeptic Cambridge amico dit me que Occidental es. Li Europan lingues es membres del sam familie.

    Lor separat existentie es un myth. Por scientie, musica, sport etc, litot Europa usa li sam vocabular. Li lingues differe solmen in li grammatica, li pronunciation e li plu commun vocabules. Omnicos directe al desirabilite de un nov lingua franca: On refusa continuar payar custosi traductores. At solmen va esser necessi far uniform grammatica, pronunciation e plu sommun paroles.

    Ma quande lingues coalesce, li grammatica del resultant lingue es plu simplic e regulari quam ti del coalescent lingues. Li nov lingua franca va esser plu simplic e regulari quam li existent Europan lingues. It va esser tam simplic quam Occidental in fact, it va esser Occidental. A un Angleso it va semblar un simplificat Angles, quam un skeptic Cambridge amico dit me que Occidental es. Li Europan lingues es membres del sam familie.

    Lor separat existentie es un myth. Por scientie, musica, sport etc, litot Europa usa li sam vocabular. Li lingues differe solmen in li grammatica, li pronunciation e li plu commun vocabules. Omnicos directe al desirabilite de un nov lingua franca: On refusa continuar payar custosi traductores. At solmen va esser necessi far uniform grammatica, pronunciation e plu sommun paroles.

    Ma quande lingues coalesce, li grammatica del resultant lingue es plu simplic e regulari quam ti del coalescent lingues. Li nov lingua franca va esser plu simplic e regulari quam li existent Europan lingues. It va esser tam simplic quam Occidental in fact, it va esser Occidental. A un Angleso it va semblar un simplificat Angles, quam un skeptic Cambridge amico dit me que Occidental es. Li Europan lingues es membres del sam familie.

    Lor separat existentie es un myth. Por scientie, musica, sport etc, litot Europa usa li sam vocabular. Li lingues differe solmen in li grammatica, li pronunciation e li plu commun vocabules. Omnicos directe al desirabilite de un nov lingua franca: On refusa continuar payar custosi traductores. At solmen va esser necessi far uniform grammatica, pronunciation e plu sommun paroles. Ma quande lingues coalesce, li grammatica del resultant lingue es plu simplic e regulari quam ti del coalescent lingues. Li nov lingua franca va esser plu simplic e regulari quam li existent Europan lingues. It va esser tam simplic quam Occidental in fact, it va esser Occidental. A un Angleso it va semblar un simplificat Angles, quam un skeptic Cambridge amico dit me que Occidental es. Li Europan lingues es membres del sam familie.

              Antibiotic-Resistant ‘Superbug’ Found At California Hospital        
    A Los Angeles-area hospital said that some of its patients contracted an antibiotic-resistant "superbug" that has been linked to a type of medical scope and infected dozens of people around the country.
              The Best Zombie Movie Ever Made? THE LIVING DEAD AT THE MANCHESTER MORGUE        
    Shock Till You Drop



    SHOCK resurrects Jorge Grau’s terrifying zombie thriller THE LIVING DEAD AT THE MANCHESTER MORGUE.

    This in an essay about the living dead so, for the sake of space, let’s start our story in Pittsburgh, 1968, with that too-tall, goggle-eyed grandfather of American horror, George A. Romero…

    Taking his cues from Matheson’s seminal 1954 vampire plague novella I AM LEGEND (‘I ripped him off!’ the writer/director unashamedly told me once), commercial /industrial filmmaker Romero’s first feature was a nightmarish, grainy, black and white tale of undead apocalypse; a gruesome story of the fresh dead inexplicably reviving and groping their grey-eyed way to cannibalize the living. That picture, NIGHT OF THE LIVING DEAD, would slowly shamble its way into horror history, becoming a critical and cult favorite, a staple at midnight screenings and a massive international hit, especially in Europe where it was heralded as a Grand Guignol arthouse masterpiece.

    Enter filmmaker Jorge Grau, a young, experimental Spanish director who, along with an equally visionary, French New Wave inspired pack of bratty celluloid slingers (the likes which include THE BLOOD SPATTERED BRIDE helmer Vincente Aranda) was, at the time, being championed as the avant-garde future of the Spanish film industry. In the wake of Grau’s violent, sexual and historically accurate telling of the Elizabeth Bathory legend, 1973’s THE BLOODY COUNTESS, producer Edmondo Amati approached the filmmaker to direct a movie that would blatantly ride the box office coattails of the Romero picture, but add the more immediate dimension of dripping, full blooded color, replacing the gritty, cheap, shadowy expressionism of NIGHT with a more garish, pulpy and stomach churning pallet. Grau, swayed by a larger paycheck and the chance to film in England eagerly obliged, taking the rather straight forward genre screenplay and giving it a re-write, grafting on his own, unique personality quirks, obsessions and style, borrowing from Romero’s creation but forging something completely fresh and deliciously offbeat…


    Known on these shores under at least a dozen lurid (and occasionally ludicrous) titles, including DON’T OPEN THE WINDOW, BRUNCH WITH THE DEAD and LET SLEEPING CORPSES LIE, Grau’s resulting 1974 Spanish/Italian zombie shocker “Non Si Deve Profanare Il Sonno Dei Morti”, is a movie that I’ve always preferred to call by its UK moniker, THE LIVING DEAD AT THE MANCHESTER MORGUE. Because I just love the way it reads.

    London antique dealer George (a bearded, badass looking Ray Lovelock from, among many other things Armando Crispino’s AUTOPSY) is on a cross-country motorcycle trip into rural England when, after a bike crushing accident, he regretfully hooks up with the beautiful, fragile Edna (Christina Galbo from WHAT HAVE YOU DONE TO SOLANGE?) who is also traveling into the sticks to visit her mentally ill sister. On route, the pair come across a strange machine; a whirring, pulsing metallic engine sitting squarely in the centre of a farmers field. Said machineis an agricultural device that sends out waves of low frequency radiation designed to provoke insects to go mad and cannibalize each other. Science!


    Lanky haired, neo-hippie George balks at such underhanded environmental buggery, a position which only increases in intensity when he and Edna discover said supposedly harmless radiation is in fact stimulating the recently dead to get up and kill, with the people they kill then getting up to kill. As the local police (led by American stage actor Arthur Kennedy, in a cruel and cranky performance) attempt to pin the rash of violent zombie induced murders on the troubled couple, the evil crop-protecting, dead- provoking device keeps chugging and spinning and the corpses keep-a-coming, resulting in the inevitable tragic, violent, titular (emphasis on the tit!) morgue set climax.

    When THE LIVING DEAD AT THE MANCHESTER MORGUE was released it almost immediately came under fire from critics for its then outrageous levels of graphic splatter, a truly shocking cavalcade of carnage designed by none other than Italian FX wizard Giannetto De Rossi. De Rossi is the latex and karo syrup slinging genius who would later find acclaim drilling brains, poking out eyes and regurgitating guts under the watchful eye of the late, great Fulci and though his art here was not yet quite state of, it’s still pretty damned fantastic: flesh is ripped from bodies, innards are torn out of heaving bellies, eyeballs are eaten and perhaps most notoriously, an unfortunate lass has her blouse ripped open and her left breast crudely removed by the clawing hands of a hungry ghoul.


    And speaking of ghouls, the homicidal stiffs on display here are really terrifying; a mangy, slow and stiff lot of relentless red-eyed refuse (incidentally, the crimson contact lenses appear to be exactly the same as the ones utilized for the ‘infected’ in Danny Boyle’s 28 Days Later and its sequel 28 Weeks Later). And these zombies aren’t a bunch of amateur local yokels bumbling around in greasepaint but are in fact real actors, characters ripped right out of the worst (or best, as the case with us horror fans may be) nightmare; I can honestly say that Spanish actor Fernando Hilbeck’s, gravestone tossing, recently resurrected, drowned hobo Gutherie, with his sopping wet clothes, blotchy stare and stubbly lock jaw is one of the most frightening screen bogeymen I’ve ever seen and the damage he inflicts on his victims is just as shuddery.

    But beyond the moldy monsters and the ample waste of human life on display, the real impact in Grau’s remarkable motion picture lies in the level of intelligence, of finely crafted human drama, of mounting dread and almost Hitchcockian suspense (and black humor) that so effortlessly guides the grue. We come to genuinely care for George and Edna, to believe in their blossoming love, their genuine connection that builds under the direst of circumstances. And when things take a turn for the worse in the final reel, there’s a palpable sense of loss that pushes the horror into an emotional level unseen in the post Night, non-Romero zombie efforts. The score, by Giuliano Sorgini (SS HELL CAMP) is another major source of the picture’s skin tightening power, a soundscape that deftly veers between string soaked British lounge pop (especially effective in the dazzlingly edited opening credits montage) and heaving, gasping, synth burbling experimentalism.


    THE LIVING DEAD AT THE MANCHESTER MORGUE is an accessible, thought provoking and paralyzing Eurohorror classic whose ample flaws, frequent lapses in logic (does ANY of the action actually take place IN Manchester?) and many plot inconsistencies (how does Hilbeck manage to revive his fellow cadavers by wiping blood on their eyelids, exactly? Who cares! It’s creepy!) take a backseat to the movie’s many macabre and gruesomely elegant delights.

    This isn’t the quasi- realist American horror of Romero and it isn’t the chunky in your face zombie opera shock of Fulci. This is the zombie film as dark, lyrical, melancholy fairy tale, a film that exists in a class of its own.

    And it very well might be the best zombie movie ever made.

    The post The Best Zombie Movie Ever Made? THE LIVING DEAD AT THE MANCHESTER MORGUE appeared first on Shock Till You Drop.

              Somalia: For many girls, school holidays means FGM “cutting season”        
    Source: UN Population Fund
    Country: Somalia

    HARGEISA – Asha Ali Ibrahim, 41, has been performing female genital mutilation (FGM) on girls in Diaami, Hargeisa and other parts of Somalia since 1997. July and August are her busiest months of the year. “This is the peak season, when parents bring their children to be cut,” she told UNFPA.

    July, August and September are something of a “cutting season” for many girls around the world, when the break from school means they have time to undergo, and recover from, FGM. Though there is little formally collected data, experts say that FGM is commonly practiced during the school vacation period in parts of Guinea, Nigeria and Somalia.

    In some cases, girls even travel from abroad to undergo the procedure. And in some places, it is a precursor to child marriage, which may also take place during school holidays.

    FGM is carried out for a variety of reasons. In some places, it is the belief girls must be cut to control their libido. In others, it is the perception that intact girls are dirty or ugly, or that cutting is a prerequisite for marriage. But the practice causes serious medical problems, including haemorrhage, infection, complications in childbirth and even death.

    In all cases, FGM is an internationally recognized human rights violation.


    About 98 per cent of women and girls in Somalia have undergone some form of FGM, according to a 2011 survey. The most common type involves cutting the genitals then sewing them closed, which can cause significant and long-lasting harm.

    Somali girls typically undergo this procedure between ages 7 and 10, but Ms. Ibrahim says girls brought from abroad – especially from the United States and Europe – are usually older, between 12 and 14 years old. “It is a bit cumbersome to carry out the procedure on tissue that is more mature, and the grown up girls struggle more than younger ones,” she said.

    Ms. Ibrahim is clear-eyed about some of the dangers. When she took over the role of circumciser from her aging mother, she was motivated in part by a desire to protect girls’ health.

    “My mother was using one razor blade on all girls she cut. My daughter got sick soon after being cut by my mother, and I was informed at the hospital that the infection may have occurred from the procedure,” she explained. “I had been understudying my mother, so I asked her to stop carrying out FGM and I took over.”

    Ms. Ibrahim uses one razor blade per client to avoid infections. Her other tools include a small bottle of lidocaine, disposable syringes, balls of cotton wool, raw egg that she says heals the wound, a powdered concoction of traditional herbs and penicillin to prevent infection, a thick white thread to sew up the girls after cutting them, and some methylated spirits for cleaning up. Ms. Ibrahim obtains these supplies over the counter from local pharmacies.

    Despite her meticulousness, there have been mishaps. Ms. Ibrahim says she has rushed haemorrhaging girls to hospital. Still, she takes pride in her work, and feels it is an important cultural practice. She denies it causes problems during childbirth.

    Her own young granddaughter is due to be cut this season, though the procedure has been postponed. “She’s been unwell recently and I am waiting for her to be better before I circumcise her,” she said.“Circumcision is important as a transition to adulthood. It turns a girl into a woman and this is why all the girls in my homestead have to be circumcised,” she told UNFPA.

    “The world is changing”

    “Schools are closed for two months between July and August, and this indeed the peak season for FGM,” said Ahmed Jama, a UNFPA specialist working on the issue

    UNFPA partners with the government, health workers, local organizations, as well as religious leaders and youth activists to encourage their community and policymakers to abandon the practice.

    The Hargeisa Institute of Health Sciences revised its midwifery curriculum last year, with help from UNFPA, to teach how to manage FGM-related complications that arise during childbirth. The programme also trains future midwives to become advocates for abandoning the practice.

    “The world is changing, and Somalis are changing too,” said Nimo Hussain, the institute’s director.

    Religious leaders like Sheikh Almis Yahye Ibrahim, 47, are encouraging these changes. The head of International Horn University, he is one of six sheikhs in the Arab region who have formed a network to fight FGM. He also preaches about the harms of FGM to the roughly 5,000 people at the Ibrahim Dheere Mosque.

    But the biggest differences will be seen in his daughter’s generation, where girls are increasingly being spared the practice.

    None of Sheikh Ibrahim’s three daughters have been cut. “I wouldn’t want to destroy anything about them. They should remain the way Allah created them,” he said.

    Youth take the lead

    Activists in the Y-Peer youth network have also take on the issue.

    Pioneered by UNFPA in 2002, Y-Peer trains young people to educate community members about sexual and reproductive health. In Hargeisa, Y-Peer advocates talk to health workers, community members and other young people about a range of topics, including family planning, gender-based violence, child marriage and FGM.

    And they have taken the messages to heart.

    “I can only marry a girl who is over 18 and is not a victim of FGM,” declared Abdirahman Mohamed, 26, a Y-Peer project officer.

    “I wouldn’t marry any girl who has undergone FGM because I don’t want to live with the health complications,” Mustafa Abdirahman, 19, another Y-Peer member, told UNFPA.

    Still, these brave youth are the exception. FGM is still widespread, and its negative consequences continue to ravage the lives of women and girls .

    Eighty-year-old Cibaado Ismail knows this all too well. She lives in the Rugta camp for internally displaced persons, just outside Hargeisa.

    Her daughter died at age 17 of complications during childbirth. The baby also died. Ms. Ismail blames FGM.

    “An FGM awareness campaign in the camp helped me understand the negative effects of the practice,” Ms. Ismail said. “I have since banned all my 10 female grandchildren from being cut.”

    – Pilirani Semu-Banda

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    The post Stock Up Price on Clorox Disinfecting Wipes appeared first on Passionate Penny Pincher.

              Throw Baby Out With the Bath Water (arfta Labor Day Weekend 2015)        

    eating at Crack

    Carb loading night before start
      It wasn't until Thursday night that I decided to head to Manchester, TN, for 'A Race for the Ages' (arfta).  Plaxico had been sick on Monday and I had a sinus infection that I couldn't shake.  After talking it over with Pat, we were good to go...although I did start to have some misgivings on Saturday when nothing seemed to go right and we left an hour later than I was hoping.  I was a little nervous traveling alone with the baby again.  The last time was in May when we headed to Strolling Jim and he was 7 months old.  I had some concerns and none were really pertaining to the race too much.  When you travel with a baby, if you have to stop to pee, you have to get him out of the car seat and then try to go to the bathroom without him fussing too much, or setting him down on the dirty bathroom floors.  In May, I just pulled him and the car seat out, and it wasn't too big of a deal.
      We left on Saturday afternoon around 4 with the plan to stop halfway or so for dinner.  At 6 we pulled into Crack and filled our bellies and everything seemed well.  We only had 90 minutes left to drive and I thought we would go by the race site to set up our stuff and then
    we could return ready to run Sunday morning.  With 40 minutes to go, Plaxico decided he had enough riding.  I sang our song for a bit and that helped some.  Finally after tears on both sides, we pulled into the parking lot and I rescued him from the car seat.  I finally caught up to John Price and he pointed out the shady spot he reserved for us (thank you JP!!) and Sandra helped me quickly throw our
    lap 4 break

    visit to Camp Warden
    Pic by John Price

    stuff out.  It was too dark to really see well enough to set up and I knew I needed to get to the hotel to get someone in a little better mood.  My only really bad decision of the weekend; should have just went straight to the hotel.
      My start time was Sunday at 2a.m. (that was not happening).  In an ideal world, it would have been great to start in the cool morning hours and Plaxico would have been fine riding in his pack sleeping.  The problem with that scenario is that mom has to be alert to take care of him during the daylight hours.  So the early morning start was out.  We slept in some and managed to make it to the race site by about 9 (I forget if that was central or eastern time now though.)  Aimee graciously came and helped me set up our canopy and I got the rest of our stuff put out and then we were off to the start.  I knew I needed to get as many miles in as I could while it was still cool.  I also knew that I would need to stop every 3-4 miles and make sure Plaxico was good as far as diapers, food, and temperment.  :)
    mile 11 break
      We did a 12 hour race last month and I managed to get in 15 miles before the heat sent us home.  That was the most I had ever carried him.  I had told laz that unless I got 50K in then I wouldn't even entertain the idea of ordering a jacket.  (how I wish I could eat those words)  Anyhow, I had my goal and I thought that was pretty doable by splitting it up between the two days.  However, I wasn't sure how tiring it would be to get ready for the trip and the trip down itself.  I had told my hubby that we would go visit some friends in the area or go back to the hotel pool during the heat of the day if we needed too.  So I had some loose contingency plans.
      We had made it around 3 times and I decided that we would stop during our 4th mile.  Plaxico ate and I checked his diaper.  We enjoyed our little shady spot under the tree.  There was a nice breeze there and we were close to the bus if I needed anything out of it.  After about a half hour or so, we headed back out for some more loops.  We reached mile 7 and it was beginning to heat up so I let Mike know that we would be stopping for a while.  I decided to go visit some friends who were about 30 minutes away and get out of the heat.  I kind of thought that we might get the chance to come back that evening and grab a few more miles, but someone got a little over stimulated meeting new friends and petting horses.  It was close to dinnertime back home so I called in our order on the way to the hotel and swung by the Crack for dinner.  It was a good call.  After we had dinner and a bath, Plaxico was asleep by 7.
    (Sidenote:  I have to say getting a shower or bath was one of the things that I was concerned about.  I did not want to be a sweaty pig all weekend unable to get cleaned up but I had tried taking a shower before while he was in the tub with dice.  So we took a bath together.  Quite frankly, it reminded me of my childhood.  We had a cistern and occasionally would run out of water and I would have to go up the road to mamaw's to take a bath.  I can still here her yelling "That's enough" when I tried to fill up the tub and I would have only an inch of water.  At least I had a little more than that with us, but not much more.  I also remember my mom talking about when they grew up, they had to share their bath water.  There were 6 girls and 1 boy in her family.  I wondered if any of them had to take a bath with pee in it.  Thankfully, that was at the end and I was already finished "washing" us both off.)
    Day one Sunday: 7 miles total
      Plaxico slept for 12 hours so we were good to go again.  I tried to get us there a little bit earlier to get some miles in before the heat returned.  We arrived and I checked us back in to start.  I was really focused on trying to get 3-4 more miles in before our first break.  In hindsite, I wish I would've tried to visit more with people that was there instead of being so focused on my measly goals but on the other hand, I felt by just being there I needed to push myself some.  (Plus there was the carrot of the jacket hanging in my site.)  The great thing with having Plaxico with me was that he was an easy conversation started.  As shy as I am, it was great when people spoke to me about him becasue then I could work on my conversational skills.  I would ask their names and where they were from.  most had grandchildren around the same ages or somewhat older.  It was funny I was coming around the end of the lap and was chatting with one of the ladies about being there and when i asked her name, she said Ann.  It wasn't until after we passed the timing tent that I saw that it was "the Ann Trason" that I was chatting with.  Most introduced themselves by just their first names, so it left me wondering who i may really be chatting with but I didn't care.  I was having fun.  I know I had a couple of people that came across concerned about Plaxico and getting sunburn.  I am happy to report that I was very diligent in his sunblock and he did not get any sunburn.  As far as I could discern, he was pretty happy.  The only time he was displeased was when I had to change his diaper on Monday (which he is displeased with that little task 78% of the time) and when I wouldn't let him eat things falling out of the trees (I wasn't sure if hickory nuts were poisonous but a little tree bark in itself probably would've been alright).  ;)  We stayed out there for most of the day Monday, but stayed in our shady spot and then went in at lunchtime to eat.  (I bought the meal plan for my age and Monday's lunch was the only meal we partook in.)  I got to visit with Bill, Sue, and others while we ate.  It was close to 2 when we headed back out on the course.  I figured 10-2  is the hottest part of the day, so we were on the down slope.  When we stopped for our break during the 19th mile, I checked the standings.  We could move up a couple of spots if we could get 5 more miles in.  Two people had stopped at 23 miles.  At this time there was 2.5 hours left.  Plenty of time to get the miles in but the sun was relentlessly beating down on the course.  No worries though.  There were some huge fluffy clouds behind us.  Surely they would come across the course.  After an hour of waiting for the clouds to come over the course and packing up most of our stuff, we decided our day was done.  I was sad to be leaving before the end of the race and the awards but Plaxico was showing hunger signs but wouldn't eat anything I had with me.  We went and turned in our chip and said bye to Amiee and Case when I went in to use the restroom.  It was only 90 minutes to go but a momma has to do what is right by her baby.  I called us in an order for Crack and picked it up on the way to the room.  We ate, another bath (pee free this time), and Plaxico was asleep by 7:15.  I was bummed also because I didn't really get to say goodbye to many people before we left.  I had a great time and I think Plaxico did also.  I tried to stay more relaxed about our trip and I think that really helped as far as keeping an 11 month old little boy happy away from home.  I was way short of my goal (no mas on the jacket) but fairly happy with the 19 miles we finished up with.  I was also happy to be able to enjoy my weekend away from home getting a little bit of exercise, a handful of miles, and seeing a bunch of new smiles.  It was great fun being in Fred Deadman Park.
    Total miles for "40" hours:  19 miles
    Weight of pack & Plaxico:  28 pounds
    lap 19, waiting for the clouds to cover the course

    the course leaving the starting gate




    the bus and break camp

    *Forgive the formatting and editing that may be needed...someone is needing my attention.  Sigh....back to the real world.

              Inspiration at the Big Dog Backyard Ultra Run October 22, 2011        
    Final day of trail clearing.
    When I went down to help Laz with the last short section of trail clearing at the beginning of October, I ï»¿ï»¿ï»¿
    The dog, the myth, the legend.....The Big
     had no intention of running the trail for a test.  I had just been to the doctor that week and was still on antibiotics and steroids for a sinus infection. When Sunday arrived and no one showed up at the appointed hour for the trial runs, I had to do the deed.  Drats.....  I ran the first loop as hard as I could (lol).  Poor Laz thought there was a train going through his backyard as loud as I was huffing and wheezing.  When I came out of the first section, I was going to take a hard right, but Laz was there and immediately corrected me and sent me uphill onto the loop.  I made it under the time limit with time to spare.  So the second lap, I just cruised around and still was able to manage under the time with time to spare.  I had planned to stop, but when I arrived at the finish, Mike Allen was there and Laz asked me to take him around to show him the loop.  Dag nab em dumb biscuits.  This was more running than I've done in a month.  Okie Doke  So out I went with Mike on my third loop.  I had to walk some this time, but we still managed to make it in under the time limit with spare time left.  Granted all of these were without the road section, but I still felt better about my prospects.  Especially if I could get some more training in over the rest of the month.  I left feeling alot better about the race.  At least until I continued to struggle to get any training in.  I had one weekend where I ran 8 miles on Saturday and Sunday on my backyard trail then nothing for the rest of the week.  Sigh...I sent Laz an email backing out of the race.  Of course, Laz in his infinite wisdom, said there was no waiting list.  If I didn't use my spot, then it would go unused.  That is worse than taking a spot in the first place.  Another weekend and I only managed to get 2 miles in on Sunday and I was wiped out again for the week.  I was in very low spirits heading down to Tennessee.  Completely frustrated over my lack of training, feeling fatigued all of the time, sinus trouble, and then the Monday before a UTI struck.  I always have fun when I go to races, but I was not even wanting to go to this race.  I had just hoped I could make one loop without embarrassing myself.  I felt that I could potentially get 3 loops since I had done that at the trial test runs.  I still predicted that I would drop first.  Three loops was not even a half marathon.
      I arrived Friday afternoon after a snafu at work kept me from getting there earlier like I originally planned.  Most were out on the walking tour, but Mike, Juli, and several others were there as I unloaded my stuff.  I sat my stuff out close to the drive, but far back away from the start/finish that I would not be in the way of real contenders.  Turns out I was next to John Price's stuff (my former road angel from Vol State).  So I left my stuff there and headed over to my friend Lina's house to stay the night.
      The next morning when I arrived, there was a table with plastic bins/drawers set up beside me.  It was Tim E. and Lisa's stuff.  I offered to move my stuff.  I sure didn't want to be in their way!  They were very gracious, so I sat down to fill my bottles and get ready for the race.  It was quite chilly and I had brought three hats to wear; a ball cap for when it warmed up, a toboggan, and a semi ski mask.  I settled on wearing the orange ski mask because of the chilly air.  I knew keeping my mouth covered and breathing through it would help me and keep my asthma at bay.  I knew I looked goofy, but I've learned some things that do work for me and I don't care how I look.  Soon enough the whistles began to blow and we lined up.  I lined up in the back as normal and we headed out onto the road section.  The road section was a little longer than I expected and I wasn't sure how much time it would add.  I had the course broke down into three sections.  The first and third section was essentially the same minus the road section on the first leg.  The second section was the loop.  On the test runs, the loop was longest for me.  I was really nervous when we came to the turn to go uphill and begin the loop section.  My watch said 21:05.  Only on the first section, and I'm already behind.  I decide to pass a few people going uphill and try to make up some time.  I settled in behind Lisa, Tim D., and Nikki.  I was still worried.  I kept glancing down at my watch.  Wondering if I should speak up or not.  I finally did mention how I had the course broke down in my head to Nikki and that I felt that we were behind.  Lisa and Tim had just taken off I thought, when we popped out of the loop and Nikki began going uphill.  I started right behind her but told her I thought this was the wrong way.  For some reason in my head, I was thinking there was more gravel on the hill.  We kind of went back and forth and I'm thinking "Oh my gosh, I am arguing on a trail with Nikki Seger.  I must be out of my mind.  She'll tell everyone about this big mouth arguing chick."  Finally, I told her if there is a cave up ahead, then we are wrong.  There was and we were.  I tried to run, in vain, to catch up to Lisa and Tim. When the downed tree came in sight, I knew they were long gone and I turned back.  As I did, I came upon several others that had come uphill instead of making a hard left at the end of the fence line.  (I wonder how may people I scared running at them with this big orange face mask on, yelling "Turn around, we are going the wrong way."  I'm sure they thought Halloween had come early.  Look at that pumpkin head.)   At the bottom of the hill, at the turn, I asked Nikki if I should wait and make sure Lisa and Tim made the turn when they came out from the loop.  I didn't know what the etiquette was, but she said no.  I felt bad for them, especially Lisa because I knew alot of people were pulling for her to win it all.  I quickly took off my hat and laid it on the ground and grabbed some sticks and tried to make an arrow pointing toward the in/out section.  I left it and hurried to catch up to Nikki and the others.  We came out off the trail head and headed down the driveway.  I was crushed.  I was going to be timed out on the first loop.   I had already began planning what to do with the rest of my day since I was about to be timed out.  I actually couldn't wait to sit down.  After chasing after Lisa and Tim (which was a dumb idea), and then racing to try to make it in before the hour was up.  I was beat.  We reached the rock, and as we did, Laz motioned us on.  What?  I had already settled on being timed out and now your telling me I can go.  Could I?  Did I want too?  Nope, not unless I was able to pee first.  I ran to the port o potty, grabbed my toboggan, and hurried out to try to catch up.  The main pack of runners was  heading in just as I was heading out on the road section.  I didn't think I could make it but Laz doesn't give very many freebies.  I had to try.  I caught up again with Nikki and we chatted some, but I kept an eye on my watch.  We were doing pretty good, but again, was going to be cutting it close.  She let me pass as we crested the hill by Big's house and I took off the best I could.  As I got closer, I could hear the whistle blowing.  I tried to count how many times it had blown, but wasn't sure.  I was coming down the driveway and saw all the runners lined up and then I heard the cow bell ring.  Oh no....crushed again by a mere 15 seconds this time!  What?  Ray K is telling me to come on.  He had told Laz about the first loop debacle and Laz was letting me go through again.  I was getting one more mulligan.  I had to get in under the hour, and I had to make up some time.  I hadn't eaten much for breakfast and I needed to grab something to eat.  
    Coming off of a night loop.

    Nikki & Big & Mattie
    Nothing more motivating for me than food.  That and the thought that it would be really cool to actually make up time after going over the first two loops.  Kind of rectify myself to Laz for being such a pain in the butt.  I felt pretty good and was
    The Winner, Tim, and Big
     ï»¿ able to get around the loop and give myself a couple of minutes to sit and eat some cantaloupe.  I was starving.  Dumb me though, didn't really believe in myself to much and hadn't brought that much food.  Duh...didn't even think about what I was going to eat the rest of the day when I was actually finished running.  (I'm a sharpie.) 
      Soon enough, the last whistle had blown and I got in line for the cow bell ringing.  Wow...I should not have sat down.  My legs felt wooden.  When the Grim Reaper, aka Ray K, passed me on the road section, I knew I was done.  I probably should have stopped, but I thought I might be able to squeeze one more loop out.  Alas, I eventually was only running the downhills and pretty much walking everything else.  My day was done.  I was timed out on my fourth loop and met all of the remaining runners on the trail as I was making my way back to the start/finish line.  When I told Laz I had exceeding my expectations, he told me someone has to get the low hanging fruit.  Encouraging me as usual.  lol
      The rest of my day was spent learning from Nikki how to crew and get a runner in and out.  She graciously let me help grab some things for Lisa and Tim when they came in from each loop.  It felt good to help even though I knew I wasn't doing much of anything but standing in awe.  Both of these guys were amazing to watch and very inspiring to me to be around.  (Not too mention, Lisa pointed out that I was second place female.  It hadn't even dawned on me.  Of course, my husband would say that is first loser.)  I felt very blessed to be around these three and their positive energy, especially such a true survivor as Nikki.  I was very glad I came and thankful that Laz encouraged me in his subtle ways.  I would have missed being blessed this weekend and encouraged. 
      Laz started the campfire and it was wonderful to sit around with John, Mike, Juli, Naresh, Diane, Abi, and many others as the clock ate their race.  The brats were tasty and I hated to leave, but I did not want to go to my friend's house in the middle of the night.  Plus, these guys were looking very strong.  There was no telling when the race would end.
    Tim, Nikki, & Lisa
            I returned Sunday morning and there were a few still remaining; Diane, John W, Mike D, Abi, Nikki, Laz,                                               
    Naresh & Juli
    and, Big.  Tim, Lisa, Juli, and Naresh reappeared.  I was able to get a few pictures and again thank Nikki, Lisa, and Tim, for more than they'll ever know. 
     Diane also returned my favorite
    "You goofy lady."
     orange hat.  Apparently, Tim
    Big, 1st female, & overall winner
    picked it up on his last loop when he finished last night.  I was so glad I didn't have to walk over the hill and get it.  I was shocked he brought it in.  If I'd
    Mike D. & Laz
    been running for 18 hours, grabbing a hat would have been
    "Oh yeah... right there is da spot!"
    the last thing on my mind.  Thanks again Tim- I love that ugly hat!  Also a thanks to Abi, who pointed out that I was second place female two years in a row at the Backyard now.  Imagine that- I have my own little streak going. (I know.....I am such a goober!)
    Trail marking on the fly.
     So I am now looking forward to going back, and I hope Laz didn't take me too seriously when I asked him how to get myself banned from all of his races between loops 2 and 3.  After all, Vol State wil be here before you know it.  Oh and the Barkley Book Set out, that I would very much like to redeem myself at.  Too much fun and so little time.
    Sigh......Life is good dag nab em dumb biscuits!

    Mad Genius of race and Race's namesake
              Last Annual Vol State Road Race 7-14-2011        
     I spent Fourth of July weekend getting almost 60 miles in, but more importantly, testing out my pack and clothes.  Seemed the pack was going to work great and I settled on the clothes I would wear for my attempt.  As with any bio for the ultralist, I had three goals:  STG- good learning experience, LTG- get half way, Fantasy goal- finish the thing.  I also had a plan.  I thought that I would need a crew.  Being a woman, I was a little concerned about safety out there.  My original crew plan fell through.  So I went with a back up plan.  My mom (and niece Jasmine) would be my crew.  They were going to a teen retreat in Chattanooga for the same weekend. mom would get me to the ferry and then would rejoin me on Sunday.  She would be able to stay until Monday night, possibly Tuesday, before heading back home.  If I couldn't go on, I would go home with her, but if I was going on, my husband would come to the rock to pick me up.  I thought a solid plan.  For the most part it was.  The big flaw- my mom is a big tender heart and I am a tight wad.
      We headed down to Tennessee on Tuesday evening, stayed with a friend in Christiana, and met up with the rest of the tour caravan Wednesday morning in Shelbyville.  The John Price and Diane Taylor decided to ride in the bus with us.  I tried to pay attention, since this was the course tour, but I only vaguely remembered some spots-but one did come in handy later when I was in doubt.

      At the last supper, I got to put some more faces with names and Marv gave us all waterproof turn direction sheets (and every one's phone numbers on it).  I promptly tested mine by accidentally lying it in water from my coke.  It held up beautifully (and would hold up a couple of other times during short showers).
      Thursday:  We drove the short distance to the ferry.  I was looking forward to riding the ferry, but also to see exactly what the start entailed.  I knew we would ride a ferry to start, but I wasn't 
    sure if we drove over a bridge to the start or what.  There were quite a few things I was unsure of in this race, but I figured that would add to the adventure.  Anyhow, we rode the ferry over to Dorena Landing, debarked and then lined up at our start line. Laz quickly started us so the cars could drive onto the ferry.  And with that the race had begun.  It was pretty humorous to get back on the ferry and just sit and wait.  I took the opportunity to go to the potty
    and spray sunblock on.  Soon we debarked again and I said goodbye to my mom and headed down the road following the line of others.  My mom drove past and I waved and I swallowed hard.  I'm on my own now.  I still felt pretty good and was extremely excited to finally start a race I had been looking forward too for so long.   About 5 minutes later, my phone rang.  My mom was driving the bus for the first time and she wanted to know if it was normal for the service engine light to be on.  Yep-tis normal.  (I later learned that my tender hearted mom had a long cry after leaving me.  At least until she realized she needed to pay attention if she was going to make it to Chattanooga.  She is very directionally challenged.)
      I jogged a little, but mainly walked and soaked it all in.  I chatted with Erika for a little bit.  She sounded great and had a solid plan of
    not quitting (She explained her plane ticket didn't leave until after the race finish in ten days- so what else did she have to do.  Probably the best plan and I wish I would have thought that way).  I made my way through Hickman with no problems and headed down the straight stretch toward Union City, where I planned to stop at the famed Subway that I had heard so much debate about on the vol state emails.  I passed the KY-TN state line and regretted not taking
    a picture.  My phone was hard to get in and out of my pack, so I didn't take hardly any pictures at all once the race started.  Which I really regret my laziness.  Wasn't that the whole part of the experience is documenting with pics.  Not too mention, I am known for blowing my race times due to stopping and taking pics (and potty breaks).
      During this straight stretch I could see Sherry up ahead of me. I   also kept trading paces with Don Winkley's crew Donald.  I said hi a couple of times and probably a couple of lame jokes, but I wasn't real sure of the etiquette when you keep passing someone and I felt like a snob if I didn't acknowledge even with at least a smile.  Eventually though, Don caught up to me going into Union City.  It would be the last I would see of him after leaving Union City.  I also caught up to Sherry and we debated about the route we were suppose to take through Union City- which was also debated before  the race.  We went around the court house, so we figured we were safe.  I spotted the Subway and headed in there.  Fred Murolo and his family were in there having their lunch.  I don't recall saying anything- I wasn't sure if they would know who I was. 
      Usually when I eat, I don't drink anything until after I finish.  I can take the whole afternoon at work to drink a can of Mt. Dew.  I just don't drink alot.  I downed two Dr. Pepper's while eating my sandwich.  It had only been several hours and I was already feeling
    cool because I was doing something outside of my norm.  Like attempting 314 miles was normal.
      I finished and headed back out and down the road.  It was starting to get warm and the first store I came to, I stopped and filled up my buff with ice.  I tied off both ends and laid it on top of my head.  It would keep my head cool and drip onto my arms for a nice cooling effect.  I had practiced doing it over the 4th of July weekend.  The only thing I did wrong this time was I overfilled it.  Although it felt marvelous, too much drip and very wet shorts would lead to some nasty chafing to contend with at the end of the day.
      I believe in between Union City and Martin is where I got to chat with Laz and Carl for a few minutes.  I was still on the high of getting to do this race and was felling pretty good about it all.  It was the first day after all!
      I made it into Martin and stopped at McDonald's to eat. Someone 
    (with our group) was coming out, but I can't remember now who it was.  I went in and ordered some food, found a table to plug in my
    phone and tried to eat.  I was able to get some food down and my phone charged up and I called my husband to let him know how it was going.  (I was a little concerned about my phone not keeping a
    charge- another reason I didn't take a lot of pics.)  I thought about stopping in Martin for the night.  I had heard a couple of people talk about doing that.  When I mapped out my plan to use motels, I  
    was shooting for about 40 miles per day with a long day in there a couple of times.  It was still fairly early in the day.  I felt like I'd be wasting that time and I ended up keeping with my idea and I headed back out of McDonald's.  I had about 10-12 miles to go to get to the hotel and it was a little off course.  Thankfully, someone (not sure who this angel was) had spray painted the road for the correct route thru Dresden.  Bless this guy!  I would have been lost for sure.  It was also really cool to see 500K next to a 5K race marking.(another
    picture opportunity lost)
      As I made my way towards the center of town, I could hear thunder in the distance.  I was hoping I was somewhat close so I wouldn't get soaked.  I had rolled up my directions and they were stuck in a loop on the front of my pack.  This worked great since I pulled it out all of the time to help verify my direction and sometimes just to pass the time.  Another test for the waterproof paper was approaching.  I spoke to a couple out working in their yard and they agreed.  I was about to get soaked.  Sure enough, it started sprinkling and I pulled out my umbrella.  (I had packed a poncho, but after seeing The John Price with one in his pack and the dual lives it has, I chucked the poncho before the ferry and put my umbrella in my pack.)  The road I was on was narrow, but tree lined.  Although there wasn't much traffic, right when the rain picked up a pick up truck came barreling down the road and hit the only puddle in the road to splash me as I tried to jump over into the ditch out of the way.  Drats- just like being at home on my road!  I said a few choice words to this guy too and kept plodding along.  By the time I reached the town square it had stopped.  I guess the rain chased everyone in for the evening.  No one was out.  All of the stores were closed down.  Not a soul to be seen.  It was kind of eerie going through the square at dusk, but kind of scaredy cat cool too- for me that is.  I turned out of the town square and headed down the road that would take me past my turn for tomorrow, but to my hotel for tonight.  That's when the cop pulled up next to me.  He stopped, so I stopped as he got out of the car.  He asked me how I was and if he could give me a ride somewhere.  I told him I couldn't take a ride until Evergreen Street.  I explained about the race and he told me to be careful and wished me well, then he pulled off a little doubtful of me being out there alone.  Not enough to come back and give me a ride once I reached Evergreen Street though.  I threw the hint out there.  Hello?!...oh well, I'd have to trek off course to get to the motel.
     The highlight was when I called Carl to check in for the evening.  Carl is a true blessing and asset to the race.  Seeing as how he's been there and down that, he knows what we are in for.  Every time I called him, it was a highlight.  In one of his updates, he stated that was important because he may be the only cheerful voice the runners would hear.  He was correct.  He informed me that I would have some company.  I believe it was Josh and Naresh(?) maybe.  As I trekked off course, I begin to fantasize that the stars would line up and maybe if it was Josh, I could get a ride with his crew in the morning back to the course.  hahaha 
      The other highlight was at the end of the street was a Dollar General Store and a Subway.  I headed for the Subway, but when I went in there, two fellas ordering for the whole ghost town I believe.  I did not feel like waiting around, so I headed across the street to the DG Store.  I needed some new sunglasses since I broke mine on the ferry right off the bat.  I also picked up a box of band aids and some blister aid thingees.  I grabbed a Sunny Delight- figured it would taste great in the morning.  I don't drink coffee, but if I don't have orange juice (or some kind of juice) then it is a rough morning ahead.  I also grabbed a candy bar and a bag of chips before heading to the motel.
      I headed to the hotel to check in.  It was one that I had heard may fill up.  So it was the only one I booked a reservation at.  I walked in and it would be when I met Holly Bobo.  I would see a lot of Holly Bobo over the next few days.  She was a girl that had gone missing in the area.  She reminded me of a girl that was missing from Bloomington, about an 1.5 hours from my house.  Kind of put an all to real perspective on a woman being out there alone for the most part.  I think at the time though, I was too freaking tired to think about it.  I just wanted the gentleman to please give me my key.  Bless his heart being so efficient, but the incense he was burning was making me nauseous and I just wanted to sit.  I was getting at the end of my rope.  It was the second time I had ever went that many miles in a day.  He finally handed me my key and I headed around back and went it.  I promptly pushed the chair up against the flimsy door. 
      In my grand planning, I figured I'd soak in the tub each evening.  Yeah right.  I washed my shirt, shorts, and socks.  I hung them all to dry and my shoes (wet from rain) all over the air conditioning unit.  Put on my only other pair of underwear and extra shirt I had after soaking for about 5 minutes.  I was just too tired.  Not too mention, that was a lot of dirt and road grime I was sitting in.  Yuck!  I checked in with my husband and mom and called it a night.  Around 2 or so, I heard voices out in the parking lot.  If I'd had the energy I would have got up and told them to pipe down.  Alas, I was too tired.
      Friday:  I managed to get out of bed and get headed out.  About an hour later than I wanted too.  Everything dried really good, especially my shoes and I had to tried to take care of my blisters the best I could last night.  I had bought the foot book and tried to read some of it, but not enough practical application yet.  : )  I hobbled out of Dresden and came upon New Route 22.  My directions stated to keep on Old Route 22 but I kept remembering a 4 lane highway and old route looked deserted.  Sigh..I crossed and went down Old route hoping I wasn't making a mistake.  Turns out I was okay.  The one spot on the course tour I remembered because we had stopped for a potty break by an old bridge crossing the road.  yeah- I'm still not lost yet.  I had some doubts thru this section because I didn't see anyone, very few cars, and nothing looked remotely familiar. It was eventually time to check in.  Bless Carl, but I could only tell him I had left Dresden headed for Gleason and I was currently standing on a bridge with really no idea where I was but there was a large building up ahead so maybe I was close.  It was a manufacturing building, but I was not close to Gleason. 
      Several hours later I made it into Gleason and spied Marv sitting on the porch steps of the general store.  He pointed me in the direction of food and I headed to the cafe.  Biscuits and gravy- the one thing I could get down.  yum  While I was in there, Stu and John came in and joined me.  I was so happy to see people I knew again.  Stu told me to get Neosporin for my chaffing, not the baby powder i was currently using.  (He was right, it helped!)  After coming out of the general store, i tried to work on my blisters again.  Still not knowing what the heck I was doing.  I had just put my shoes on when Stu sat down to do the same.  Then this wise sage showed me what to do with some scissors and Neosporin.  I took off my shoes and he showed me which way to cut and what I needed to do.  woo hoo  I was good to go again.  If Stu hadn't showed me that, I would've stopped way before I did.  i was able to jog a little bit again.  I was so happy.  Leaving Gleason, I came upon our co-RD's, Laz and Carl, and Marv lying in the grass.  I was doing good since Stu helped show me what up!  I did ask Carl to help put my bottle back in my pack.  (That was the one thing about my pack I did dislike.  When it was full, it was hard to push my bottles in the side pouches.  If I was tired, it really sucked.)  After the two debated if that would make me crewed, I reminded them that I was crewed just waiting for my crew.  Bless Carl for helping me- dag nab it dumb bottles. 
      I made it into McKenzie and stopped at the first store I came upon.  There was a young shady looking fella standing outside the door holding what looked like a radio or amplifier (stolen?). I nodded at him and headed on in for the bathroom and cold drinks.  Luckily, there were some tables to sit down inside the cool air for a spell and I took advantage of it.  Soon enough though, shady fella takes advantage of table across from me.  He asked me what I was doing and I tried to explain.  Then he asked for my phone number.  (Okay here is where heat fries your brain.)  I gave it to him and as soon as he asked me to recite again, I cringed.  Shoot - was it to late to fib. Alright Lord, I can't lie now but you better protect me.  Please.  Bless the Lord!  Who walks in not much after that but my two road angels!  Stu and John!  woo hoot  We all sat for awhile and I was like glue on them when we walked out of there.  Shady guy gave me the heebie jeebies.  I even turned off the GPS finder on my phone.  Hey, brain wasn't completely fried apparently.  We headed on into McKenzie where a McDonald's beckoned us for a stop.  I was more than ready to try and eat.  I managed to get some food down and had a lemonade- which was not a good idea.  Way too acidic-did not finish it.  I believe I gave it to one my angels, but cannot remember now.
      Let me say, if your gonna have road angels, Stu and John are the ones to have.  The best of company.  We chatted, we were quiet, we laughed and cut up, we blew under our breath.  When I heard The John Price blow the first time, I was so happy that I wasn't the only one blowing.  Yee haw  Misery does indeed love company!  I was the luckiest newbie around as far as I was concerned and I felt much safer getting out of Gleason.  It also gets fuzzy here.  So many roads, so long out there.  Well for me at least.  I don't remember if this was the day we came upon Troubadour (Rich and his lovely wife) or on Saturday- and I did not do a good job of keeping my texts or emails for more clarity (should have done that!).  Stu and I moved a little better and pulled ahead, leaving John.  We made it through McKenzie and into Huntingdon.  I told Stu I was going to stop there for the night, even after John had told me not too.  I was dragging again and didn't think I could keep going.  Stu was going to try to keep going to make it into Parkers Crossroad.  When we finally
    arrived into Huntingdon, nothing was open.  We did not find the cafe and headed right out of town.  The only cafe we did find was closed with a resting Fred Davis on the bench outside.  We stopped and chatted with him as thunder could be heard rolling in.  The motel was a few miles ahead and Stu and I decided to keep going to try to beat the rain coming in.  Nope- two nights in a row I was to get a good dousing.  We made it to the hotel as Naresh was leaving.  We chatted with him for a few minutes before he headed off.  We went in and I got a room and we grabbed some cold drinks.  I let Stu come in and rest a bit.  He looked dead on his feet but was determined to keep going to Parkers Crossroad.  After he left, I was mad at myself for not pushing myself to go too, but I had already procured the room. I went to check out the vending machine selection.  Pretty dang empty.  I bought a bag of popcorn that I did not eat and another cold drink before retiring to my room.  I was getting into a rhythm of emptying my pack, washing my clothes, hanging to dry, take a shower, call home, and then crash in the bed.  I'd check my email and facebook and then go to bed.  My clothes didn't dry as well that night, so they were a little crisp when I put them on for the morning. 
    Saturday:  I headed out the door and made my way to Parkers Crossroad, stopping at the first store I came to along the way, about 10 miles later.  I tried to choke down some donuts, but only managed two before I just went to drinking my juice and yoo hoo.  As I headed back out I came upon Carl, Laz, and I believe Joe Ninke.  I had saw him and his wiggle wagon on the ferry, but I didn't get a chance really to chat with him.  So I was 98% sure it was him,but I was also sad to see him.  I figured it meant the wagon had gotten the best of him, which was confirmed later in the updates.  I wasn't as upbeat as the previous two days, but I was still moving forward.  Then I scored with a DG Store and went in to buy me some scissors so I could be more successful at my blister care.  Safety pins were not getting it and I knew Stu was long ahead of me by now.  I headed on down the road towards Parkers Crossroads, hoping with all my might that there would be a place to get biscuits and gravy.  I was dreaming of those things.  Dairy Queen would be a total score.  I was getting closer and I thought I could make out the big red and white sign.  Could I be so lucky.  Yes- score.  I think I almost began skipping until I heard my name.  Huh?  I turned in the middle of a gas station parking lot to see The John Price coming out of the Subway I just passed.  I told him what I was doing and see him in a bit.  I kept for my bee line to DQ, only to be skunked.  They didn't open for another 1/2 hour.  So I trudged back to the Subway defeated.  Hurumph...I went in an ordered and slid in next to my road angels.  Yep Stu was there also.  So I score on a different front.  John had stopped in Huntingdon also and Stu had gotten a late start.  We finished eating and headed out.  Hoping to make Parsons.  We were at about the 82 mile marker.  Again, I don't remember much about the slog of the day except that it was.  We lost Stu for a bit, but he caught up when we stopped.  Past Lexington there was road construction- which really stunk.  there was no room on the side and I was behind both fellas.  i stayed a good 10 feet or so back from them so I could see what was coming just to make sure I didn't step out in front of anything.  I did not have the prettiest gait by that time anyhow.  It was a definite slog. 
      At one point we passed a van full of guys pulled off the side of the road.  I didn't think nothing of it, but Stu remarked later that they didn't look very scrupulous.  of course, I'm sure neither did we.  Eventually, the construction widened to where we could walk on the unfinished part of the road and get away from the construction.  Which was great, but I also had to go to the bathroom.  Being with them, I kept looking for a good spot but also I didn't want them to have to wait on me.  I knew it would take me longer than them, which they had being doing along the side of the road throughout the day.  one of these days I was gonna practice that pulling the shorts and underwear to the side and squat.  I'd still have to dig out my tp though.  I absolutely did not want to risk getting a yeast infection which I am very prone too and was quite shocked I survived the whole ordeal without that problem.  I was silently suffering beside these guys.  The past two days I stayed nauseous throughout the day in the heat.  Not enough to throw up but wishing I could instead of that want to upchuck feeling I had with me the whole time.  I wanted to cry, but I couldn't do it with them.  Or tried not too.  If that port a potty hadn't of appeared when it did they may have actually got to witness a meltdown.  I told them I had to stop and they could carry on, but they being the ever gentlemen, they waited and we carried on.  After that is when I came upon a beaded cross.  i figured that was my good omen.  So even though I could hardly squat, let alone bend down, I reached down and snatched it up and put it in my pack. 
      One of the great things about being with John was that he had a Garmin.  he could tell us our pace.  How many miles until the next store or stop.  It was a blessing and a curse.  We knew we should be getting close to a store and when it finally appeared I think I did shed a tear.  We crossed the street only to see that we missed it being open by about 10 or 15 minutes I think.  Bummer...but there was soda machines.  I bought mine and took my shoes off and laid down.  the best I felt all day.  It was also about the 100 mile mark.  It was great to get my shoes off for a few minutes and wiggle my toes.  There was also a water spigot that I filled my bottles up and ran my feet under.  Felt soooo good.  I eventually got up and fixed my feet and we headed back out.  We began discussing our options for when we got to Parsons.  Apparently there was a nicer hotel about 3 or so miles outside of town, but if it was full we didn't want to have to risk backtracking.  And we all agreed we wanted beds for the night.  So the phone game began of trying to reach the motel.  Both phone lines we had was busy or just kept ringing.  I think we even tried to call the police station to see if there was something going on- no luck there either. We asked Carl to see if he could find us another number, but no luck there.  We finally decided we should shoot for the one that was about 1/2 mile off course in Parsons if they had a room.  If no room, then we would go to the so called dirt ball hotel.  Plan in motion, we heard some fireworks.  Left over from the Fourth of July and since we were getting closer to the river we figured that the motels could very well be filled.  ??  Darkness descending on us.  Thank goodness I was with them and John had his red blinking light so that we could be sen.  No room on the road.  Luckily there was not much traffic until we got closer to town and onto the sidewalk.  The Long walk was almost over.  Tough day!  We headed into partying Parsons.  People milling around everywhere.  Once again I was glad to be with my road angels as we headed into the subway shop to eat.  I tried to eat a meatball sub.  It was tough but John told me to try to eat and I knew he was right.  he also called the motel about rooms.  They had two rooms left.  One handicap and one smoking with double beds.  I offered to give up mine and stay in the dirtball hotel because I knew John did not want to stay in a smoking room and neither did I.  I had not had to use my inhaler but one time and I didn't want to risk it.  He declined and booked the rooms for us.  We went in the store and then headed out of town off course to the hotel.  There were hardly any cars in the lot and we were frustrated that there was only two rooms available with an empty lot.  She explained that she had just come back from vacation and the rooms were not ready.  We finally headed off to our rooms and I told them I was not setting an alarm.  i was beat.  I barely had energy to wash my clothes and worse, I was all undressed ready to step in the shower when I realized there was no towels.  Re dress and walk back up to the counter to get towels.  While I was there, I went on and got ice.  My shin had begun to hurt again today and I was going to make sure i tried to ice it before going to bed.  I quickly took my shower and laid on the floor with my legs up and icing while I checked in at home.  Could I get up tomorrow and go again?  I went to bed without setting an alarm.  I didn't care.  I needed rest. 
    Sunday:  I did get up and not too late.  John had headed out earlier I found out from Stu when I turned my key in, he was at the front desk chatting with the manager.  We left and headed to the DQ we passed the night before.  I managed to get a good breakfast of biscuits and gravy, some ham and orange juice.  Finally able to eat.  We headed back into town and back onto the course.  Both of us moving quite slow, me more than Stu.  I had to stop once to get a pebble out of my shoe.  As I was walking to catch up with Stu he had stopped at the crest of the hill.  I felt bad that he was waiting for me.  I knew I was going to have to tell him to go on.  When I reached him he was directly across from a truck sitting in a parking lot.  I thought the guy was waiting to pull out, but he just sat there.  Not more than 100 yards or so was another truck parked pulled off facing towards us.  Stu stopped to wait for me because he felt that an ambush was about to happen.  I almost didn't care at this point, but I was glad my angel was there.  I don't think I was in danger, but tell that to Holly Bobo.  you never can tell and we'll never know.  We finally reached a store and replenished before crossing the Tennessee river.  After we crossed, there was another store.  I knew definitely Stu needed to go.  he was moving faster than I and I couldn't hold him up.  We each had our own race to run and I knew he felt responsible for me.  When I reached the store he was coming out as I laid down on the picnic table.  i told him he needed to go.  I had pepper spray and I would be fine.  It took some encouraging but it was a race after all.  If nothing else my two road angels have taught me the past two days, you move when you can even if it means leaving someone behind.  We had each been left, today would be my day.  Stu finally carried on and I finally got myself up and went to the bathroom.  My stomach was not doing good and I felt sorry for whoever went in there after me. (I would find out later who did, but thankfully I'm sure the smell was gone by then.  lol)  I headed out and up the road.  That is when I realized I had never tested my new can of pepper spray.  I had bought it because I could attach it to my pack easily and it was small, shaped like a bullet.  I had it hanging from my pack.  So I reached down and messed around with it trying to get it to work.  Great, I thought, why didn't I test this thing before I told Stu to go.  Duh!  About that time the breeze kicked up and I hit the button just right.  Up into my face I sprayed.  Thankfully I had sunglasses on but my nose and mouth immediately began burning.  OMGosh!  I am such a goofball!  I finally had my good cry.  Thankfully I had filled my buff with ice and it was still damp so I could use it to try to cool the burning.  I called my husband in tears.  He was playing golf.  I kept trudging on.  It felt good to cry finally and the burning eventually subsided but I was moving at a snail's pace.  I stopped at a cemetery and laid under a tree.  I stopped at a church and called my husband.  He was on the last hole and lets say his shots were not good thanks to me.  lol  He encouraged me and I felt better.  I saw someone coming out of the church so I headed up there to see if I could use the restroom and re fill my water bottles.  OMGoodness...there was people everywhere.  They were having dinner.  Now that's the kind of church I want to go too.  They even offered to feed me but I declined.  I headed to the bathroom and tried to wash my hands when I took off my watch, I put it in my mouth.  Which started the whole burning mouth sensation again.  Duh!!  I finally headed out of there and I thought I had seen Lynnor and Erika when I came out but I didn't see where they went.  They eventually caught and passed me when I was in a yard soaking my buff in a drainage ditch that had moving cool water in it.  Sometime after that I believe is when I got a chance to chat with Juli Aistars and her husband.  It was so good to see her smiling face and it gave me a pick me up.  Then Laz and Sandra came by and I recounted the pepper spray story to them.  Pick me ups!
       I didn't know if I would ever get to Linden, but I finally did.  I stopped at the first store I came to, lo and behold, Lynnor, Erika, and Angela Ivory were in there.  It was good to see them again.  Not too mention, Lynnor had found some socks in a bathroom at the gas station and asked if they were mine.  Now I knew who went into the bathroom after me.  They had fallen off of my pack where I had hung them to dry.  I thanked her since those bad boys cost $12.  I never pay that for socks!  We finally headed out.  It took me about 11 hours to get 17 miles.   From the time we left Parsons, until about the time I reached Linden.  Laz was baffled by how someone could be so slow.  If your laying in every shady spot you come across, your not making very good time.  That was a bad day.  Thankfully, my mom had arrived at the hotel with my niece and we headed in to get us a room.  When we signed in, my mom told me that the desk clerk was worried about a gentleman that came in earlier.  Stu had made it but had a rough day too.  I checked on him and we agreed to meet for dinner.  I went in and crashed on the bed.  After chatting with mom and Jaz, taking a shower, and putting some clean clothes on, I went and tapped on Stu's door and we all headed down for dinner.  The guy that had worked the front desk, was also the waiter and chief cook.  So we had to wait a little while, but boy did he try his dangest to make us feel at home.  John Price passed the window and I spoke with him before he headed back out onto the open road.  As we were finishing eating, Diane and Paul came in.  We spoke with both and then all headed up to our rooms.  I told Stu I would let him know what I was going to do about tomorrow.  I was wavering.  My right shin and ankle was killing me.  When I called Carl, I let him know that I would make a decision in the morning after I slept on it (and iced my leg).  I wasn't ready to quit just yet and they always say to get some rest before big decisions.  So I did until about 3 in the morning.  I woke up wide awake.  I started thinking about getting out there.  i knew I couldn't head out into the darkness without Stu though.  I got up and tested my leg.  Not great but better.  I went and tapped on Stu's door and he was game.  We planned to meet downstairs and head out into the early morning.  I had a really good feeling about the day and I told my mom I wasn't giving up yet.  She did her best to smile and encourage me.  I dressed and put on some slip on shoes that I wear at work a lot.  I thought it would help a little.  Big mistake I would find out later.  I met Stu down in the hotel lobby and we headed out of Linden.  It was my first time getting a good early start and my first time heading out into the darkness.  Thank goodness for my road angel.  When we reached the outskirts of Linden, trekking along behind Stu, I heard something snorting at me.  It wasn't a cow or horse.  Pretty familiar with those sounds from home.  Whatever the heck it was, I wasn't staying back to find out.  I don't think Stu ever heard it but he may have wondered why I was heavy on his footsteps.  I kept checking back behind me every minute or so.  Hence, the reason i do not watch scary movies.  My overactive imagination can not take it.  We came upon a store, but it was closed.  We kept trekking.  Sun started to come up.  Went into a new county.  That's when Stu said he wanted to stop and take a break.  I did not argue.  Dumb shoe choice was not a smart idea this morning.  I sat and watched as Stu pulled out a map and started checking it.  Oh crap I thought.  This can't be good.  It wasn't and was confirmed when we asked a lady at the next house we came upon.  We were off course.  I called my mom and she came and picked us up.  We had went 5 miles off course.  When we passed the closed store we should have veered right and we went left.  I remember wondering if we should have turned because John had said something about a road and to make sure we didn't miss the turn.  We did.  I was down and I was done.  I let Stu know.  He had already tried to get me to join a relay with Marv and him, but part of my reason for stopping was my crew.  I was concerned about my niece being bored, my mom struggling to watch the pain on the runners.  I knew my mom would stay but I wasn't sure I could afford to pay for the three of us and I didn't want to put my mom in a bind.  I had no idea how much money I had spent on the trip and was not sure where I was with my money.  I knew I was making the right decision for the time, but it wasn't easy and I really felt guilty for not being part of the relay team.  I told Stu I would crew him until he caught up to Marv though and we did that.  We stopped and talked to Diane while trying to help Stu.  We caught up with Marv and Sandra in Howenwald.  I hated telling Carl, and especially Laz.  Another disappointing DNF from me.
      We stopped and chatted with John, Fred, Lynnor, Erika, and Paul as we headed out of town.  It was great to get to see them again once more before I left.  We then decided to make the best of it and turn it into a short girls trip.  We ended up staying in Franklin, KY for the night before heading to Mammoth Cave on Tuesday.  Which incidentally was only my mom's second time ever going in a cave (the first being in a cave in Mexico when she agreed to it but not really listening towhat I was saying when I asked her- she's terrified of them).  So we ended up having a great time.  Since they both live an hour away from me, it was worth the quit to spend the time that way with them instead of my mom worrying about me (she still worried about the rest of the runners and thanked God for each report about them).  Plus it was fun spending time with my niece and teasing her throughout the night and day.
      I had other reasons in my head when I quit than just mom and money.  I bummed myself out that I wasn't going to finish in 7 or 8 days after that Sunday slog.  I still was on pace to be finished in 10 days but mentally I didn't want to have to take the full ten days.  I was hoping to have a few days of actual vacation before returning to work.  Next year better mindset and vacation planning should help that.  You can always have many reasons to quit.  Or at least I seem too.  I plan to be back next year to finish the race, crewless this time.  I did fulfill my STG of a great learning experience and I know of things I can do better and differently for next year.  I am already plotting and planning and am very excited about the next attempt.
      I used a Go Lite Slipstream pack with two Nathan bottles. Would use a bladder next year.  I had two dry bags with my stuff in it.
    Large dry bag:  extra shirt, underwear, and socks, 2nd pair of socks bought at DG store to sleep in (cold feet, I can't sleep), band aids, scissors (bought at DG store), neosporin, shampoo, soap, razor, toothpaste, toothbrush, baby powder, extra safety pins, ibuprofen
    Small dry bag:  phone charger, gum, asthma inhaler, wallet w/ money, check card, & insurance card,roll of quarters, phone
    I also carried an umbrella, plastic bag with maps and turn directions in the outside of my pack, along with pepper spray, bandanna, and my buff (great for ice).  I wore shirt, jog bra, shorts, socks, and road shoes.  I would take a small fanny pack next time to make getting to my phone and wallet easier.
    Change and cross I found, plus waterproof
    and non waterproof turn sheets