'..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention .. Financial politicians..' (no replies)        
'..If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention..'

'This Fed has already engineered the next crisis, just as Greenspan kept rates too low for too long, ignored his regulatory responsibility, and engineered the housing bubble and subprime crisis. If you can’t see this next crisis coming, you’re not paying the right kind of attention. The Trump Fed is going to have to deal with that crisis, but we still have many questions as to what a Trump Fed will actually look like or do.'

John Mauldin (Source, Jun 25, 2017)


'..Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

'Powerful people everywhere routinely make decisions that hurt others. We see it in central bankers, politicians, corporate CEOs, religious groups, universities – any large organization. The old saying is right: Power really does corrupt. And corruption is a barrier to sustainable economic growth. This is more than a political problem; it has a serious economic impact.

Recent psychological research suggests that powerful people behave remarkably like traumatic brain injury victims. Controlled experiments show that, given power over others, people often become impulsive and less sensitive to risk. Most important, test subjects often lose empathy, that is, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others.

..

Powerful people also lose a capacity called “mirroring.” When we observe other people doing something, our brains react as if we were doing the same thing. It’s why, when you watch a sporting event, you may unconsciously mimic a golf swing or the referee’s hand signals. Some portion of your brain thinks you are really there. But when researchers prime test subjects with powerful feelings, their mirroring capacity decreases.

You can see why this is a problem. The Protected-class members of the Federal Open Market Committee must feel quite powerful when they gather in that fancy room to make policy decisions. It’s no wonder they forget how their decisions will affect regular working-class people: Their empathy circuits get turned off.'

- Patrick Watson, The Wedge Goes Deeper, June 30, 2017


'..I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest..'

'Re-entering the news flow was a jolt, and not in a good way. Looking with fresh eyes at the economic numbers and central bankers’ statements convinced me that we will soon be in deep trouble. I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest. Just a few months ago, I thought we could avoid a crisis and muddle through. Now I think we’re past that point. The key decision-makers have (1) done nothing, (2) done the wrong thing, or (3) done the right thing too late.

Having realized this, I’m adjusting my research efforts. I believe a major crisis is coming. The questions now are, how severe will it be, and how will we get through it? With the election of President Trump and a Republican Congress, your naïve analyst was hopeful that we would get significant tax reform, in addition to reform of a healthcare system that is simply devastating to so many people and small businesses. I thought maybe we’d see this administration cutting through some bureaucratic red tape quickly. With such reforms in mind I was hopeful we could avoid a recession even if a crisis developed in China or Europe.

..

One news item I didn’t miss on St. Thomas – and rather wish I had – was Janet Yellen’s reassurance regarding the likelihood of another financial crisis. Here is the full quote.

Would I say there will never, ever be another financial crisis? You know probably that would be going too far, but I do think we’re much safer, and I hope that it will not be in our lifetimes and I don’t believe it will be. [emphasis added]

I disagree with almost every word in those two sentences, but my belief is less important than Chair Yellen’s. If she really believes this, then she is oblivious to major instabilities that still riddle the financial system. That’s not good.

..

Financial politicians (which is what central bankers really are) have a long history of saying the wrong things at the wrong time. Far worse, they simply fail to tell the truth. Former Eurogroup leader Jean-Claude Juncker admitted as much: “When it becomes serious, you have to lie,” he said in the throes of Europe’s 2011 debt crisis.'

- John Mauldin, Prepare for Turbulence, July 9, 2017


'..Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

'This week marks the five-year anniversary of Draghi’s “whatever it takes.” I remember the summer of 2012 as if it were yesterday. From the Bubble analysis perspective, it was a Critical Juncture – for financial markets and risk perceptions, for policy and for the global economy. Italian 10-year yields hit 6.60% on July 24, 2012. On that same day, Spain saw yields surge to 7.62%. Italian banks were in freefall, while European bank stocks (STOXX600) were rapidly approaching 2009 lows. Having risen above 55 in 2011, Deutsche Bank traded at 23.23 on July 25, 2012.

It was my view at the time that the “European” crisis posed a clear and immediate threat to the global financial system. A crisis of confidence in Italian debt (and Spanish and “periphery” debt) risked a crisis of confidence in European banks – and a loss of confidence in European finance risked dismantling the euro monetary regime.

Derivatives markets were in the crosshairs back in 2012. A crisis of confidence in European debt and the euro would surely have tested the derivatives marketplace to the limits. Moreover, with the big European banks having evolved into dominant players in derivatives trading (taking share from U.S. counterparts after the mortgage crisis), counter-party issues were at the brink of becoming a serious global market problem. It’s as well worth mentioning that European banks were major providers of finance for emerging markets.

From the global government finance Bubble perspective, Draghi’s “whatever it takes” was a seminal development. The Bernanke Fed employed QE measures during the 2008 financial crisis to accommodate deleveraging and stabilize dislocated markets. Mario Draghi leapfrogged (helicopter) Bernanke, turning to open-ended QE and other extreme measures to preserve euro monetary integration. No longer would QE be viewed as a temporary crisis management tool. And just completely disregard traditional monetary axiom that central banks should operate as lender of last resort in the event of temporary illiquidity – but must avoid propping up the insolvent. “Whatever it takes” advocates covert bailouts for whomever and whatever a small group of central bankers chooses – illiquid, insolvent, irredeemable or otherwise. Now five years after the first utterance of “whatever it takes,” the Draghi ECB is still pumping out enormous amounts of “money” on a monthly basis (buying sovereigns and corporates) with rates near zero.

..

Thinking back five years, U.S. markets at the time were incredibly complacent. The risk of crisis in Europe was downplayed: Policymakers had it all under control. Sometime later, the Financial Times - in a fascinating behind-the-scenes exposé - confirmed the gravity of the situation and how frazzled European leaders were at the brink of losing control. Yet central bankers, once again, saved the day – further solidifying their superhero status.

I’m convinced five years of “whatever it takes” took the global government finance Bubble deeper into perilous uncharted territory. Certainly, markets are more complacent than ever, believing central bankers are fully committed to prolonging indefinitely the securities bull market. Meanwhile, leverage, speculative excess and trend-following flows have had an additional five years to accumulate. Market distortions – including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities – have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'

- Doug Noland, Five Years of Whatever It Takes, July 29, 2017


'..This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.'

'While I've written about numerous valuation measures over time, the most reliable ones share a common feature: they focus on identifying "sufficient statistics" for the very, very long-term stream of cash flows that stocks can be expected to deliver into the hands of investors over time. On that front, revenues are typically more robust "sufficient statistics" than current or year-ahead earnings. See Exhaustion Gaps and the Fear of Missing Out for a table showing the relative reliability of a variety of measures. In April 2007, I estimated that an appropriate valuation for the S&P 500 stood about 850, roughly -40% lower than prevailing levels. By the October peak, the prospective market loss to normal valuation had increased to about -46%. As it happened, the subsequent collapse of the housing bubble took the S&P 500 about -55% lower. In late-October 2008, as the market plunge crossed below historically reliable valuation norms, I observed that the S&P 500 had become undervalued on our measures.

Again attempting to “stimulate” the economy from the recession that followed, the Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to zero in recent years, provoking yet another episode of yield-seeking speculation, where yield-starved investors created demand for virtually every class of securities, in the hope of achieving returns in excess of zero. Meanwhile, Wall Street, suffering from what J.K. Galbraith once called the “extreme brevity of the financial memory,” convinced itself yet again that the whole episode was built on something more solid than quotes on a screen and blotches of ink on paper..

..

..greater real economic activity was never the likely outcome of all this quantitative easing (indeed, one can show that the path of the economy since the crisis has not been materially different than what one could have projected using wholly non-monetary variables). Rather, Ben Bernanke, in his self-appointed role as Mad Hatter, was convinced that offensively hypervalued financial markets - that encourage the speculative misallocation of capital, imply dismal expected future returns, and create temporary paper profits that ultimately collapse - somehow represent a greater and more desirable form of “wealth” compared with reasonably-valued financial markets that offer attractive expected returns and help to soundly allocate capital. Believing that wealth is embodied by the price of a security rather than its future stream of cash flows, QE has created a world of hypervaluation, zero prospective future returns, and massive downside risks across nearly every conventional asset class.

And so, the Fed created such an enormous pool of zero interest bank reserves that investors would feel pressure to chase stocks, junk debt, anything to get rid of these yield-free hot potatoes. That didn’t stimulate more real, productive investment; it just created more investors who were frustrated with zero returns, because someone had to hold that base money, and in aggregate, all of them had to hold over $4 trillion of the stuff at every moment in time.

When you look objectively at what the Fed actually did, should be obvious how its actions encouraged this bubble. Every time someone would get rid of zero-interest base money by buying a riskier security, the seller would get the base money, and the cycle would continue until every asset was priced to deliver future returns near zero. We’re now at the point where junk yields are among the lowest in history, stock market valuations are so extreme that we estimate zero or negative S&P 500 average annual nominal total returns over the coming 10-12 year horizon, and our estimate of 12-year prospective total returns on a conventional mix of 60% stocks, 30% Treasury bonds, and 10% Treasury bills has never been lower (about 1% annually here). This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.

Examine all risk exposures, consider your investment horizon and risk-tolerance carefully, commit to the flexibility toward greater market exposure at points where a material retreat in valuations is joined by early improvement in market action (even if the news happens to be very negative at that point), fasten your protective gear, and expect a little bit of whiplash. Remember that the “catalysts” often become evident after prices move, not before. The completion of this market cycle may or may not be immediate, but with the median stock at easily the most extreme price/revenue ratio in history, and a run-of-the-mill outcome now being market loss on the order of -60%, the contrast between recent stability and likely future volatility could hardly be more striking.'

- John P. Hussman, Ph.D., Hot Potatoes and Dutch Tulips, July 31, 2017


Context

(2017) - '..a deeply systemic debt crisis akin to the aftermath of 1929 .. the stage has now been set..'

(Banking Reform - Monetary Reform) - '..debt is our biggest security threat..'

'..the Next 30 Years: “Everything is Deflationary”..'

          Hyperbaric testing of an alternative approach to remove carbon dioxide from underwater life support equipment        
Nuckols, M., Kolaczkowski, S., Awdry, S., Smith, T. and Thomas, D., 2014. Hyperbaric testing of an alternative approach to remove carbon dioxide from underwater life support equipment. In: ASME 2014 33rd International Conference on Ocean, Offshore and Arctic Engineering, OMAE 2014, 2014-06-08 - 2014-06-13. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME).
          A nonprofit's guide to online security: So you want to learn the lingo?        
This year marks the 25th anniversary of the World Wide Web becoming publicly available. For many of us, this is a reminder of just how much the Internet has transformed our daily lives. This rings true for nonprofits too: The Internet has revolutionized the way that nonprofits communicate, fundraise, and recruit volunteers. It has enabled nonprofits like yours to share their mission with a global audience. To raise awareness. And to change the world. 

But the power of the Internet also comes with great responsibility -- namely the need to keep information safe and secure. As a nonprofit, it can be difficult to keep up with online security, especially when terminology seems complicated. Yes, you might have heard of terms like “phishing” or “cookies,” but what do they mean?

Today, you can find the answers to your questions with our quick & easy to guide to online security terminology. In less than five minutes, you’ll be well on the way to helping keep your nonprofit safe on the Internet. 

Let’s get started! Here’s a quick guide to familiarize yourself with common lingo and learn how to distinguish terms that are friends vs foes in the online security realm. 


THE BAD GUYS: MALICIOUS ACTIONS/TERMS

  • Advanced Fee Fraud (419 scams): A technique which tricks users into sending or paying money to fraudsters on the promise of receiving greater rewards afterwards. It is most commonly associated with Nigeria, and 419 is the section of the Nigerian legal code that covers this fraud.
  • Botnet: A network of computers that are infected with malicious software without users’ knowledge, used to send viruses and spam to other computers.
  • Malware: Malicious software with the purpose of infecting devices and systems, gathering personal information, gaining access to systems or disrupting the operations of the device or systems. Essentially, any software that maliciously alters or compromises the system or device.
  • Phishing / Social Engineering Attack: An attempt by hackers who pose as trustworthy individuals or businesses in order to get your personal information such as usernames, passwords, and financial information.
  • Trojans: Malicious programs posing as or bundled with legitimate ones, which are designed to compromise your system. They are usually installed on computers from opening attachments in scam emails or by visiting infected websites. The term comes from the Trojan Horse in Greek mythology.

How to avoid social engineering attacks

THE GOOD GUYS: ONLINE SAFETY TERMS


  • [Internet] Cookie: A piece of data from a visited website and stored in the user's web browser in order to remember information that the user has entered or engaged with such as items in a shopping basket on an e-commerce site.
  • Encryption: The process of encoding data, messages, or information, such that only authorized parties can read it.
  • Firewall: A security system used to block hackers, viruses, and other malicious threats to your computer. It does this by acting as a barrier, acting on predetermined rules, which allows trusted traffic but blocks untrusted or non-secure traffic. 
  • HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol): is the protocol for secure communications over a computer network used on the Internet. It essentially provides authentication of the website and the web servers associated with it. 
  • Transport Layer Security (TLS): TLS is a protocol that encrypts and delivers mail securely, both for inbound and outbound mail traffic. It helps prevent eavesdropping between mail servers – keeping your messages private while they're moving between email providers. 
  • Two Factor Authentication / Two Step Verification: A method of using an additional process to verify your identity online. It combines both ‘something you know’ (like a password) and ‘something you have’ (like your phone or security key) — similar to withdrawing money from an ATM/cash machine, where you need both your PIN and your bank card.

That’s a wrap for now! Pass on these tips to your nonprofit partners to stay safe and secure online, so you can focus on what matters most: changing the world. 

//

To see if your nonprofit is eligible to participate, review the Google for Nonprofits eligibility guidelines. Google for Nonprofits offers organizations like yours access to Google tools like Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Google Ad Grants, YouTube for Nonprofits and more at no charge. These tools can help you reach new donors and volunteers, work more efficiently, and tell your nonprofit’s story. Learn more and enroll here.


          5 Best Joomla Security Extensions For You to Breathe Easy        





Apart from WordPress and Drupal content management systems, Joomla is the most popular CMS used all over the world to power websites of all sorts and sizes. Just like any other open-source CMS, Joomla powered sites also have to deal with hacking attacks. In fact, almost every day Joomla powered site encounter callous hackers who mutilate website pages, upload backdoors and steal or delete sensitive information. And sadly, most of the attacks cost website owners substantial amount of time and money in getting the damage fixed. And so, it becomes needful for website owners take all the possible measures into account that helps to strengthen security of their Joomla site.

In this post we have come up with a list of remarkably useful Joomla extensions that helps to secure your Joomla website. 



jHackGuard

 










jHackGuard is an extension designed by Siteground that helps to protect the websites of Joomla users from being hacked. The extension is made publicly available to Joomla site owners, irrespective of whether they're using Siteground hosting services or not. This extension is a blend of a security plugin (that does the system work) and component (that helps to handle configurations) – that helps to protect a Joomla site by filtering the user's input data and integrating more PHP security settings. But, the plugin is disabled so that filters don't prevent authenticated administrators from performing their administrative tasks.


jHackGuard is compatible with Joomla version 3 and higher. And so, if you want to protect your site security running on an older Joomla version, you can choose to download the appropriate versions of jHackGuard for the older Joomla versions such as jHackGuard for Joomla 1.5 or other.







Akeeba Backup





http://www.rionegro.com.ar/diario/2009/06/04/1244123603.php





          Tapas til sjøss...        

Guttetur er ikke hva det en gang var...

Kassevis med øl, tåkete erindringer av bygdedans og kalde joikaboller? For det var vel sånn det en gang var?!? Alkoholforgiftning, sjanseløs damemysing og elendig mat har liksom alltid vært grunnpilarene innenfor den superhemmelige Guttetur-bevegelsen? Det går jo fremdeles gjetord om de legendariske gutteturene til Jesus, Bartolomeus og Judas... Og selv i oldtiden fikk tydeligvis kalde joikaboller bein å gå på, ikke minst da Kheops, Sneferu og Tuthmose en sjelden gang fikk fri fra husets plikter!

Joda. Jentene har ogsÃ¥ hatt sine turer, de ikke fullt sÃ¥ myteomspunnede "Jenteturene"... Sant nok er det vel ingen mann i hele verden som ærlig talt vet hva som foregÃ¥r der? Men vi har likevel vÃ¥re tanker... Vi liker ihvertfall Ã¥ innbille oss at disse jenteturene ogsÃ¥ er bygget pÃ¥ 3 grunnpilarer.. Formodentlig: symaskin, spinnerokk og tupperware? Muligens spritet opp av et kvart glass med utvannet rødvin? Og at det litt ut pÃ¥ kvelden, nÃ¥r glasset nærmer seg halv-tomt, i enkelte tilfeller kan dukke opp noen fnisete historier om han halv-kjekke treningsinstruktøren som muligens har blunket diskrete til en av jentetur-deltagerne?


Selvfølgelig snurrer de opp et mangfold av innbydende hjemmelagde paier og ostesmørbrød, et bugnende ost & kjeks bord, reke-cocktail og konfekt. Og nÃ¥r klokken runder 22 blank er hytten ryddet og strøken. Samtlige jenteturdeltagere ligger og sover sin søteste søvn i yndige nystrøkne blomstrete nattkjoler og rent undertøy.


PÃ¥ guttetur blir det nødvendigvis litt annerledes... Utfordringen har vel alltid vært at punkt 1 (alkoholkonsumet) som oftest fører til at punkt 2 (damemysingen) heldigvis faller helt i dass. Det hører nemlig til sjeldenhetene at guttetur-deltagere faktisk makter Ã¥ holde øyelokkene oppe sÃ¥pass lenge at de klarer Ã¥ skimte konturene av disse frammande spanande kvinnfolkene man ved neste guttetur ideelt sett skulle preike i det vide og det brede om?

Og enda verre er det med punkt 3 (ukulinert mat)! For når gutter drar på tur skal man bruke minimalt med tid på matlaging! Man skal jo ikke kaste bort den dyrebare tiden man heller kunne brukt til å fortære enda en 6-pack!?! Dessuten hører ikke ekte mannfolk hjemme på kjøkkenet... De hører hjemme i stresslessen! Resultatet blir en handlevogn stappet til randen med fuktige brunevarer og helt på toppen en ørliten hermetikkboks med Joikaboller, Trøndersodd eller Whiskas! Om det er plass...


Men litt ut på kvelden (fra 16:23 og utover) går det på høgg og belegg. En saus av hungersultne mannfolk lengter etter konemødre der de raver rundt på kjøkkenet på håpløs jakt etter boksåpneren... Selvsagt en umulig oppgave! Mannfolk har jo ikke den villeste idé om hvor konemødrene gjemmer slike redkaper!?! Og heller ikke hvordan man bruker dem. Så da er det heller frem med slakteknivene som henger på veggen.

Etter et raskt knivslagsmål der 2-3 av gutteturdeltagerne segner om klarer endelig sistemann å treffe hermetikkboksen. Ut strømmer det en uimotståelig velduft av innbydende Trøndersodd. Boksen flerres opp på tvers og innholdet slurpes uoppvarmet rett fra hermetikkboksen... Neste morgen våkner man opp på kjøkkengulvet med skjorten på snei i et hav av resirkulert sodd, kroppsavfall og legemsdeler.

Men DET var i gamledager... I 2012 har tydeligvis verden gÃ¥tt videre, med stormskritt?


Blomsterstjernen og hans barndomskompis, ja hvorfor ikke bare kalle ham for Anti-Blomsterstjernen, hadde nemlig lenge snakket om Ã¥ ta seg en velfortjent frihelg i sistnevntes 80-talls cabincruiser-ikon: Draco 3000. Men utfordringen er jo som alltid, at med lekne smÃ¥barn, mannskjære koner og unaturlig travle liv blir det dessverre sjelden tid til Ã¥ realisere den slags planer...


Men for tretten dager siden, da solen plutselig tittet frem igjen etter den Ã¥rlige bergenske "syv-Ã¥rs-monsunen", klarte utrolig nok de 2 kompisene Ã¥ presse inn den forjettede gutteturen! Ikke en fullblods langhelg, men noen dyrebare timer mellom kl 16 lørdag ettermiddag og klokken 12 søndag formiddag... Men en mini-guttetur er heller ikke Ã¥ forakte? Her kombinerer man jo det beste fra to verdener: Familiekos & Haraball... Kan det bli bedre? (Sikkert...)

Det skulle vise seg Ã¥ bli en kamp mot klokken og solen... I lynende fart (81 km/t i 80-sonen) suste de norske kopiene av Sonny Crockett & Rico Tubbs ut av bergensk politidistrikt og over Nordhordalandsbroen i blendende ettermiddagssol. I det fjerne blinket en av 80-tallets mest undervurderte cabincruisere... Men først mÃ¥tte det jo handles!


Et brÃ¥brems utenfor landhandleren var selvsagt pÃ¥krevd. Ingen guttetur uten mat & drikke! Handlevognen ble ubønnhørlig stappet av øl i alle Tuborgs farger! (Kremt... da snakker vi altsÃ¥ om en sÃ¥nn barne-handlevogn...) Men sÃ¥... Plutselig var det som om verden sto stille for et lite sekund... Anti-Blomsterstjernen stilte det uunngÃ¥elige spørsmÃ¥let: "Hva skal vi lage til middag?"... SpørsmÃ¥let dirret i løse luften. Blomsterstjernens tanker løp løpsk... Mat? Guttetur? BÃ¥tkjøkken (byssen)? Anti-Blomsterstjernen..?

Selv om Blomsterstjernen formelig elsker delikatesser og gourmetmat fikk han ikke opp annet svar enn et nølende "Joikaboller"..? Anti-Blomsterstjernen svarte uanfektet: "Jeg kunne heller tenkt meg Tapas"...

Tapas? Tapas? Tapas? Tapas? Tapas?!? Til sjøss? På guttetur?!?



Selv om dette kom som et gigantisk sjokk på undertegnede var han selvsagt hel-giret på idéen! Ikke i sin villeste fantasi hadde han sett for seg at dette kunne være et aktuelt middagstema på guttetur i en 80-talls cabincruiser... Men verden vil bedras.

Landhandleren var i sjokk! Aldri før hadde han opplevd kunder som spurte etter Tapas-rÃ¥varer... Men innimellom butikkhyllene for potetkaker, kÃ¥lrabi, svineknoker og brun saus fant man likevel de ingrediensene man trengte for Ã¥ diske opp et helaftens Tapas-bord, til sjøss...

Solen lå allerede lavt i horisonten! Her var ingen tid å miste!!! Brennkvikt (61 km/t i 60-sonen) brølte vi videre mot Cabincruiserdrømmen. Klokken ble godt og vel 18 før vi endelig kunne stige ombord i det flytende totalrenoverte klenodiet! Draftet ble saumfart etter nærmeste gjestehavn for egnet "gutteturing"...

"Kjelstraumen" pekte seg raskt ut som et yndet motiv! Visstnok et yrende feststed! (ihvertfall sommerstid...) En rask telefon senere var beslutningen tatt! Joda Kjelstraumen (eller rettere sagt "Tjiiiedljjschtræææuumæn" som de lokale uttalte det) hadde både gjestehavn med strøm og en frekk pub som att på til var åpen helt til kl 2 om natten!!!


Klokken nærmet seg 18:30 og solen senket seg allerede mot fjellknausene. Kalesjen ble flerret av i rekordtempo og de to mannevonde V8-erne knurret pÃ¥litelig under dekk. En drøy halvtime senere etter febrilsk kartlesing gjennom urent farvann ankret 80-tallets sønner opp ved gjestgiveriet nøyaktig da solen takket for seg! For en timing! For en tur! For en festaften dette skulle bli!

Nei... De er ikke forlovet...
Endelig kunne den første (eller var det andre?) ølboksen jekkes opp! Gasskomfyren ble tent og de 2 hypermoderne guttene satte i gang et Tapas-marathon uten like! Aldri før hadde nok den slags mat satt sine føtter i en av 80-tallets Draco'er? Nei her ombord var de nok langt mer fortrolig med Trøndersodd pÃ¥ boks, Karbonade pÃ¥ skive eller kanskje Toro's Jægergryte med lever - om det skulle være virkelig fint? Aldri hadde vel heller en sÃ¥nn mengde hvitløk fÃ¥tt fritt spillerom i byssen. En sydlandsk eim spredde seg over hele Nordhordaland denne aftenen. Fremmed-skepsisen kom til syne. Innbyggerne skalket vinduer, dører og luftekanaler i frykt for at de var blitt invadert av Iran, Irak eller Spania.

En time eller tre senere sto middagsbordet endelig dekket med spicy kjøttboller i frekk chilitomat, lakserull-lefser med urteost, fylte olivener, dadler i røkt bacon og en soltørket tomatsalat. Selvfølgelig akkompagnert av en nitidig temperert rødvin fra Châteauneuf-du-pape, etter sigende til en verdi tilsvarende båtens nypris i 1981... På stereoanlegget buldret alt fra TnT, via Tindrum til Stage Dolls. Den perfekte taffelmusikk.


Det mysne blikket var allerede pÃ¥ plass! Det var pÃ¥ høy tid Ã¥ oppsøke denne tilsynelatende heidundrane nattklubben som antageligvis hadde herjet Kjelstraumen siden oppstarten i 1610! Men først: oppvasken! Ja du hørte riktig!!! Moderne gutter foretrekker nemlig renhet og orden pÃ¥ gutteturer... Blomsterstjernen lever da ogsÃ¥ etter "alt som er gjort er gjort"-prinsippet. Og ingenting hindrer jo en liten bonus-øl under oppvasken?

Kysten lÃ¥ klar! Nordhordaland skulle gjøres utrygg! De to kumpanene holdt ustø kurs mot vepsebolet; nattpuben! Men lange i gjeipen mÃ¥tte de raskt konstatere at høsten nok ikke var like attraktiv her ute i havgapet som den sydende fellesferien... Den forjettede nattklubben lÃ¥ nærmest brakk! Det eneste som rørte seg der inne var fire gamle fordrukne sjøulker som attpÃ¥til la beina pÃ¥ nakken da de kjente hvitløkseimen som fulgte i vÃ¥re fotspor. Men en ting skal de ha her ute ved kysten! NÃ¥r man spør etter en halvliter, ja sÃ¥ fÃ¥r man en halvliter! Ikke 0.45, 0.40, 0.33 eller 0.25 som er trenden innaskjærs...


Etter endt plikt var det bare til å returnere duknakket men fornøyd tilbake til skipet, spanjolenes nordligste fort. Og etter nok en runde med nattlig tungrock og iskald nattpils var det tid for kahytten. Blomsterstjernenen passet visstnok perfekt i "akterkabinen" nærmest motorene da han i følge kompanjongen også hørtes ut som en dieselmotor nattestid... En av oss sov veldig godt. Den andre hadde øreverk.

Og omtrent sånn endte da også denne moderne gutteturen. Kanskje ikke helt sånn man holdt på på 1600-tallet? Da vi våknet neste morgen skinte solen like fint og brorparten av alle drikkevarene sto uåpnet i kjøleskapet. Verden er tydeligvis i forandring! Men guttetur-idéen lever likevel videre: "det gjelder å løsrive seg fra dagliglivets plikter og regler". Så også ved frokostbordet... For når sant skal sies har det vel ALDRI hendt at tannlege-konemor serverer Cola og sjokoladepålegg til frokosten!



Men til sjøss er alt lov! Takk og pris...

God fredag og "Dra te sjøss"!










P.S. For alle dere som lurer sÃ¥ kan jeg røpe at det ble benyttet Nugattis superdigge nyhet pÃ¥ morgenbrødet: "Melke-sjoko"






          Canadians Advocate Boosting Vitamin D in Pregnancy        

A Canadian medical society recommends pregnant women and nursing moms boost their intake of vitamin D dramatically

Food for Thought

Canadian pediatricians certainly aren't shirking controversy when it comes to a vitamin guideline they've developed for pregnant women and nursing moms. They're asking these women to boost their intake of vitamin D dramatically—to 10 times the daily doses advocated by most health organizations in the States. This new prescription is aimed at combating rickets—leg deformations caused by soft bones—in youngsters who get too little of the sunshine vitamin.

Vitamin D helps build strong bones by helping the body absorb calcium. Getting pregnant and nursing women to take more of the vitamin ensures that plenty will reach developing children.

In the past, most people had little trouble getting enough vitamin D—they just went outdoors where ultraviolet rays from the sun trigger chemical reactions in skin to make this vital nutrient. However, some people always had trouble making enough. Canadian kids at highest risk of vitamin deficits generally live in First Nations and Inuit communities. With sun-filtering pigments in their skin, and living at high latitudes, they must glean most of their vitamin D from the diet—generally a poor source—not the sun.

Most North American women—including those in the United States—eat diets delivering only about 100 international units, or IU, of vitamin D daily, according to the Institute of Medicine (IOM), in Washington, D.C. That is half of what IOM recommends and a mere 5 percent of what Canadian pediatricians are now advocating for new and soon-to-be moms.

Although IOM's dietary recommendations are for the United States, the Canadian health establishment has tended to rubber stamp them. In this case, though, Canada's health agency took the unusual tack of signing off on a Canadian Paediatric Society proposal to boost the recommended intake by women who are pregnant or breast feeding to 2,000 IU per day. This new guideline appears in a consensus statement published in September by the society in its journal, Paediatrics & Child Health.

Soon the society will begin sending its new guideline to every provincial, territorial, and aboriginal health department across Canada, notes Marie Adèle Davis, the group's executive director. The goal, she told Science News Online, is to make sure all public health officials learn about it—not just pediatricians.

The higher recommendation equals the amount that IOM has designated as the safe upper limit for vitamin D's daily consumption. Most nutritionists don't really consider that value is a true ceiling for safe intake—especially since sunbathing on a bright summer day can generate 10,000 to 20,000 IU in the body without harm. Still, for political and legal reasons, most organizations shy away from advocating intakes near what IOM has flagged as a potential maximum for safe consumption.

Now a number of researchers suspect that intakes by pregnant and lactating women much below 2,000 IU per day could actually prove unsafe for child health.

Reinhold Vieth of the University of Toronto explained why, recently, to officials with Health Canada, a counterpart to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. To prevent rickets, he argued, a baby needs 400 IU of vitamin D per day. And in many parts of Canada, he said, nursing women may require several thousand IU of vitamin D per day to get 400 IU into their breast milk. Vieth had been recruited by the Canadian Paediatric Society to help defend its proposed guideline to government officials.

U.S. physicians won't quibble over the 400 IU figure for babies and young children, notes pediatrician Frank R. Greer, chair of the American Academy of Pediatrics' (AAP) committee on nutrition. Although the 1997 IOM report says 200 IU of vitamin D per day should be sufficient for anyone under 50—including children—few researchers buy that. "Everybody feels that we should be taking more than 200 IU," says Greer, of the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Unlike the Canadian Paediatric Society, though, "We [at AAP] don't really have any influence on what pregnant and lactating women take," Greer says. "However, I can say that AAP's committee on nutrition has recommended to the board that we go back to [recommending] 400 IU for all children." That's the amount in a teaspoon of cod liver oil—the vitamin D supplement of choice throughout the early 20th century. Greer expects his committee's recommendation to be approved by AAP's board, perhaps within the next month.

Optimal needs vary

For most of the past century, nutrient guidelines have been set to prevent gross deficiencies—shortfalls that could cause disease. Those recommendations tended to represent minimally adequate intakes. Over the past decade, however, considerable debate has surrounded what vitamin D consumption levels would be optimal versus merely adequate.

The controversy has been fueled by a steady stream of studies that have emerged since the IOM set its vitamin D guidelines. Nearly all demonstrate substantial health benefits from relatively high intakes of vitamin D—amounts well in excess of what most individuals now get. Moreover, those benefits extend well beyond protecting bone. More vitamin D seems to diminish the risk of cancer, diabetes, autoimmune disorders, muscle loss, viral infections—even gum disease.

Researchers gauge vitamin D sufficiency on the basis of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-HD). This is not the form of the vitamin that is consumed—nor the hormonal form that the body actually uses—but an intermediary. To achieve optimal concentrations of 25-HD, growing numbers of nutrition and health scientists suggest, most of us would need intakes of 800 to 4,000 IU per day (see Vitamin D: What's Enough?).

How much vitamin D someone needs can vary widely, largely depending on the amount of skin that gets exposed to the sun each day—and for how long. Further complicating the picture, some skin is heavily pigmented, filtering sunlight out. Many people cover up with clothes or sunblock when they go outdoors. Still others live at high latitudes—as Canadians do—where little ultraviolet radiation makes it through the atmosphere during much of the year.

Even for women in the southern United States, however, "we've found that lactating women need about 6,000 IU a day to transfer enough vitamin D into their milk to supply adequate amounts to a nursing infant," says Bruce W. Hollis of the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston.

Nor are nursing moms the only individuals who may need relatively large doses of the vitamin. Hollis' research has shown that black women may sometimes need 4,000 IU a day for months at a time to compensate for little time outdoors, heavy skin pigmentation, and/or obesity—a factor that appears to diminish the body's ability to use vitamin D efficiently (see Understanding Vitamin D Deficiency).

Another reason for moms' supplementation?

In March, researchers at Harvard Medical School reported evidence that ample vitamin D diminishes the chance a child will develop asthma, a scourge who's incidence has been rising, especially in black and low-income communities (see Childhood Vitamin D—A New Benefit?). Recently, an additional putative benefit has emerged for pregnant women and their developing babies.

A study linked elevated risk of preeclampsia—high blood pressure that develops in some women during the last half of pregnancy—with low intakes of vitamin D. This condition, which can lead to miscarriage and even the death of the mother—ordinarily develops in some three to seven percent of first pregnancies.

Pittsburgh researchers enrolled 1,198 women who were pregnant for the first time and measured their blood concentrations of vitamin D within the first 22 weeks of gestation. Subsequently, 59 women developed preeclampsia. Blood values from all but four were compared to a similar group of recruits who maintained normal blood pressure throughout their pregnancies.

The higher a woman's blood concentrations of 25-HD, the lower her chance of developing preeclampsia—and that risk fell steadily and "strikingly" with increasing vitamin D values, Lisa M. Bodnar of the University of Pittsburgh and her colleagues found.

Moreover, babies whose moms had developed preeclampsia were far more likely to have low vitamin-D values than were children whose moms had maintained normal blood pressure. "These differences were found in our population despite widespread prenatal/multivitamin use in the 3 months before delivery," Bodnar's group reports in the September Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism.

Black women face far higher risks of developing this hypertensive syndrome. Overall, black women are also far likelier than other ethnic or racial groups to have low blood levels of vitamin D. Against this backdrop, Bodnar's group says, "our data linking vitamin D deficiency and preeclampsia risk raises the intriguing possibility that vitamin D may contribute to racial disparities in this [syndrome]."

"The story of deficiency begins with vitamin D itself and its primary mode of synthesis, which is from sunlight," argue Adekunle Dawodu of the University of Cincinnati and Carol L. Wagner of the Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston. In a commentary in the September Archives of Disease in Childhood, they report a resurgence of rickets around the world, not only in children at high latitudes, but also in the Arab world and Asia where culture or excessive temperatures may keep women and children indoors or covered up.

A shift from vitamin-D sufficiency to widespread deficiency has occurred rapidly—mostly throughout a half-century. The reason for it is clear, Dawodu and Wagner say: "insufficient sun exposure and inadequate corrective vitamin-D supplementation." They conclude, much as the Canadian Paediatric Society just has, that dosing moms during pregnancy and lactation "would achieve the double effect of preventing vitamin-D deficiency in both mothers and children." But unlike the Canadian society, they note that doses considerably higher than 2,000 IU may be necessary for some individuals and communities.

As a goal, achieving population-wide vitamin D sufficiency "may be one of the more important preventative public health initiatives," conclude Dawodu and Wagner.


If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

Citations

American Academy of Pediatrics

141 Northwest Point Boulevard

Elk Grove Village, IL 60007-1098


Lisa M. Bodnar

Department of Epidemiology

University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health

A742 Crabtree Hall

130 DeSoto Street

Pittsburgh, PA 15261


John J. Cannell

Psychiatry Department

Atascadero State Hospital

10333 El Camino Real

Atascadero, CA 93423

Marie Adèle Davis

Canadian Paediatric Society

2305 St. Laurent Boulevard

Ottawa, Ont. K1G 4J8

Canada

Frank R. Greer

Department of Pediatrics

University of Wisconsin, Madison

Madison, WI 53792

Bruce W. Hollis

Department of Pediatrics

Medical University of South Carolina

P.O. Box 250917

171 Ashley Avenue, Room BM326

Charleston, SC 29425


Reinhold Vieth

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Mount Sinai Hospital

600 University Avenue

Toronto, ON M5G 1X5

Canada
Further Reading

Cannell, J.J. In press. Autism and vitamin D. Medical Hypotheses. Abstract available at [Go to].

Dijkstra, S.H., et al. 2007. High prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in newborn infants of high-risk mothers. Archives of Disease in Childhood 92(September):750-753. Available at [Go to].

Moore, C.E., M.M. Murphy, and M.F. Holick. 2005. Vitamin D intakes by children and adults in the United States differ among ethnic groups. Journal of Nutrition 135(October):2478-2485. Available at [Go to].

Raloff, J. 2007. Childhood vitamin D—A new benefit? Science News Online (May 19). Available at [Go to].

______. 2007. Childhood vitamin D—A dark side? Science News Online (May 12). Available at [Go to].

______. 2006. The antibiotic vitamin. Science News 170(Nov. 11):312-317. Available at [Go to].

______. 2005. Breathing easier with vitamin D. Science News Online (Dec. 17). Available at [Go to].

______. 2005. Vitamin D boosts calcium potency. Science News Online (Nov. 12). Available at [Go to].

______. 2005. Understanding vitamin D deficiency. Science News Online (April 30). Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Vitamin D: What's enough? Science News 166(Oct. 16):248-249. Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Vitamin boost. Science News 166(Oct. 9):232-233. Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Should foods be fortified even more? Science News Online (Sept. 11). Available at [Go to].

______. 2000. Calcium may become a dieter's best friend. Science News 157(April 29):277. Available at [Go to].

Williams, A.F. 2007. Vitamin D in pregnancy: An old problem still to be solved? Archives of Disease in Childhood 92(September):740-741. Available at [Go to].

          Diminishing Obesity's Risks        

Mouse data suggest that, properly managed, obesity can be benign.

Food for Thought

Health-care professionals typically refer to an extremely heavy person as being morbidly obese. The term reinforces the idea that the individual is at high risk of diabetes, fatty-liver disease, and heart attacks. Researchers who have been working with mice now report that certain chronic diseases don't have to be consequences of obesity.

The team accomplished the disconnect by tricking the animals' bodies into storing all their excess fat within their fat cells, or adipocytes.

That's not what the bodies of rodents—or people—typically do. Initially, excess lipids—fat—are stored in these cells, making up what's called adipose tissue or simply body fat. These deposits lie primarily in the breasts, belly, and thighs. However, once adipocytes fill up, new storage sites take up the overflow. Those new depots usually develop in muscle and the liver.

Of those two depots, the liver is more dangerous when it becomes fatty. Straightforwardly named, fatty liver disease can arise and lead eventually to hepatitis, cirrhosis, and death.

A drop in the hormone called adiponectin is the body's signal to store fat outside adipose tissue. Sometimes referred to as the starvation hormone, adiponectin normally remains high in lean animals. With obesity, however, blood concentrations of the molecule fall.

Philipp E. Scherer of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and his colleagues reasoned that keeping adiponectin concentrations high might fool the body into making extra adipocytes instead of sending surplus fat to muscles and the liver.

The team has now investigated the hypothesis in a strain of mice that make copious adiponectin regardless of how fat they become. In the Sept. 4 Journal of Clinical Investigation, the researchers report that as the novel mice mature, they become unbelievably huge. Indeed, muses Scherer, these are "the fattest mice ever reported," with fat comprising 60 percent or more of their body weight.

As hoped for, the mice deposit all their excess fat in adipose tissue. Also in sharp contrast to other obese mice, the high-adiponectin animals develop no signs of diabetes. They also avoid a metabolic disorder known as syndrome X, which puts animals, including people, at high risk of heart disease (SN: 4/8/2000, p. 236).

So, although these barely mobile, blubbery mounds of flesh look like wrecks, they don't appear to be at high risk for several chronic diseases associated with obesity, Scherer told Science News Online. Actually, he says, from the preliminary data, the mice "appear perfectly healthy."

He suspects that there's a lesson in this for investigators of human-obesity treatments. Drugs exist that raise adiponectin values in even overweight individuals. Most, like pioglitazone (Actos) and rosiglitazone (Avandia), are prescribed to treat diabetes. However, data suggest these drugs also reduce the buildup of fat in the liver.

Unfortunately, diminishing health risks in morbidly obese people may require far more than just supersizing their treatment with the diabetes drugs—especially since data reported earlier this year linked rosiglitazone with an increased risk of heart attack (SN: 6/23/07, p. 397).

Fat signals

Tissues throughout the body communicate on a regular basis via signaling hormones. Adiponectin is one of those messengers released by adipocytes to inform the rest of the body about how full the fat cells are. If they aren't full, Scherer explains, the cells pour out copious adiponectin. The body then responds by directing its fat into those cells for storage. As adipocytes fill with lipids, they turn down the adiponectin signal, telling the body that it's time to find new fat depots.

Adipocytes release several other messengers, among them leptin. As lipids swell the adipocytes, the cells crank up production of this hormone. Once released into the bloodstream, leptin circulates to the brain, where it offers a status report on how full the fat cells are. If leptin signals that there's plenty of fat on hand, a healthy body not only experiences satiety but also reduces its food intake and burns more calories.

At some point, a spontaneous mutation in mice led to a strain of animals that lacked the ability to make leptin. The resulting rodents, always hungry and primed to store—not burn—any excess energy consumed, inevitably become obese. Scherer's group worked with this strain and engineered it also to make extra adiponectin. The new mice typically produce about twice as much adiponectin as a normal, svelte rodent does. This excess is comparable to what can occur when people take certain diabetes-controlling drugs.

In the new study, the researchers compared normal, lean, leptin-producing mice with leptinfree, obese ones and the new leptinfree-but-high-adiponectin animals. By adulthood, the new mice far surpassed the girth of the original obese line. But instead of having high blood sugar and insulin concentrations—characteristics of the original obese animals that mimic type-2 diabetes symptoms—the new megafatties exhibited normal insulin and blood-sugar values. In fact, Scherer says, the engineered animals had about the same insulin characteristics as healthy, lean mice.

"That was a real surprise," he concedes—"that the [new] mice could get so fat and yet remain very healthy, metabolically speaking."

One solution: More fat cells

Most people are like obese mice, chronically taking in more calories than they burn, Scherer says.

Lipid buildup in the liver is "really the driving force for insulin resistance," a metabolic change that precedes the development of diabetes, notes Scherer When this develops, the body makes normal amounts of insulin, but finds itself increasingly unable to use it. The end result: Too little insulin is used to move energy into cells, leaving high concentrations of sugar in the blood.

The new study with high-adiponectin mice shows that "if you can overcome this block of overexpansion of adipose tissue, there is no need for excess calories to deposit as fat in the liver," Scherer says. Instead, fat can accumulate where it does the least damage, "in the professional fat-storage cell, the adipocyte."

But Scherer doesn't want to say that excess calories are benign when they wind up in fat cells. Bulging adipocytes send out a number of inflammatory compounds (SN: 2/28/04, p. 139). It's not yet clear how important a role these compounds may play in chronic disease, but some have been linked to diabetes. Moreover, extra weight may strain an animal's joints and even its heart. So, it's premature to give a clean bill of health to mice whose physiques rival that of Jabba the Hutt.

Still, Scherer argues, "from a qualitative point of view, these [new] mice are relatively healthy." Indeed, he says, what happens in the animals' tissues may explain why some very obese people are able to retain good insulin sensitivity and dodge the diabetes bullet.

People who develop diabetes as adults tend to put all of their fat into a few big, inflammation-prone fat cells. However, some people's bodies employ a different strategy, Scherer says. They pack relatively small quantities of fat into an ever-proliferating number of fat cells, ones that never seem to undergo stress-induced inflammation. This approach is triggered by a "local overexpression of adiponectin in adipocytes." That, in turn, switches on production of a key signaling molecule—PPAR-gamma—that serves as a master switch "governing how many fat cells we have," he explains.

"None of this is an endorsement for obesity," Scherer cautions. "But it shows that if you can expand your fat stores in a healthy way to keep up with your caloric intake, this will improve insulin sensitivity."

Overall, he argues, "the best strategy is to eat less and exercise more. But for the many of us who continue to take in more calories than we burn, it would be better to expand our fat-cell numbers than to store excess lipids in other tissues. That's our take-home message."


If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

Citations

Philipp E. Scherer

Touchstone Center for Diabetes Research

Department of Internal Medicine

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

5323 Harry Hines Boulevard

Dallas, TX 75390-9077
Further Reading

Dormandy, J.A., et al. 2005. Secondary prevention of macrovascular events in patients with type 2 diabetes in the PROactive Study (PROspective pioglitAzone Clinical Trial In macroVascular Events): A randomised controlled trial. Lancet 366(Oct. 8):1279-1289. Abstract available at [Go to].

Harder, B. 2007. Fixes for fatty liver. Science News 171(March 3):136-137. Available at [Go to].

Pawlak, D.B., et al. 2001. High glycemic index starch promotes hypersecretion of insulin and higher body fat in rats without affecting insulin sensitivity. Journal of Nutrition 131(January):99-104. Available at [Go to].

Psaty, B.M., and C.D. Furberg. 2007. Rosiglitazone and cardiovascular risk. New England Journal of Medicine 356(June 14):2522-2524. Available at [Go to].

Raloff, J. 2007. Fattening carbs—Some promote obesity and worse. Science News Online (Sept. 29). Available at [Go to].

______. 2007. Infectious foie gras? Science News Online (June 30). Available at [Go to].

______. 2007. Super-size mice—Fast food hurts rodents. Science News Online (June 9). Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Inflammatory fat. Science News 165(Feb. 28):139-140. Available at [Go to].

______. 2000. The new GI tracts. Science News 157(April 8):236-238. Available at [Go to].

Seppa, N. 2007. Diabetes drug might hike heart risk. Science News 171(June 23):397. Available at [Go to].

          Fattening Carbs—Some Promote Obesity and Worse        

Food for Thought

Nutritionists call them carbohydrates. To most of us, they're simply sugars and starches. And although the fructose in soft drinks and the refined flour in white bread taste quite different, "nutritionally and metabolically they're the same as table sugar," explains endocrinologist David S. Ludwig. That's because the body digests all carbohydrate-rich foods into glucose, or blood sugar.

However, all carbs don't break down at the same rate. The body digests those in many whole-grain products quite slowly. Others become converted to glucose almost immediately.

Rapidly digested carbs aren't healthy for people with diabetes and others watching their blood sugar. A new study by Ludwig and his colleagues at Children's Hospital Boston suggests that such carbs are also problematic for people looking to shed body fat. Indeed, the findings indicate that consumption of the wrong carbs can spur the development of body fat, even with no gain in weight.

In the study, mice that chowed down on a type of rapidly digestible starch didn't gain any more weight than did animals eating a starch that digests slowly. But the first group did accumulate lots of excess fat. The data indicate that something about rapidly digesting carbs signaled the body to convert more of a meal's energy into body fat, into fatty lipids that circulate in blood, and into deposits of fat throughout the liver.

Ludwig considers the observed effect on the animals' livers the most troubling one. Fatty-liver disease has traditionally been regarded as the first stage of damage from alcoholism that can progress to hepatitis, cirrhosis, and death. But researchers in recent years have discerned the beginnings of an epidemic of fatty-liver disease unrelated to alcoholism but correlated strongly with being overweight. Recent data suggest that as much as one-third of children and even a higher proportion of adults have the condition. Ludwig told Science News Online that he suspects that "up to half of the [U.S.] population" now has fatty-liver disease.

The question has been what's fueling this epidemic. Because the disease so often accompanies obesity, many researchers have suspected that high-fat diets and junk foods are responsible. Ludwig's group had another idea.

In recent years, the mushrooming incidence of obesity in the United States has led to a push to get people to lower their intakes of fat. However, reducing fat consumption almost always translates into increasing the intake of carbs (see Counting Carbs). Moreover, the carbs most people reach for first are the refined—easy to digest—types found in white flour, white rice, pasta, and potatoes.

Ludwig's team decided to see whether a diet rich in a similar carb promotes fat buildup. They used a proportion of carbs that people on a low-fat diet might eat and compared its effects with that of a diet equal in all respects except that its carbs were mainly a slowly digested starch.

In the September Obesity, the researchers show that animals eating rapidly digested carbs accumulated more fat throughout their bodies—including their livers—than did animals eating primarily the slow-to-digest starch.

Says Ludwig, "This is the first study in which a single dietary factor—varied within normal ranges—affected whether the liver remained normal or accumulated seriously elevated levels of fat."

Recipe for pudge

In the new study, Ludwig's team fed 18 recently weaned mice food pellets containing 13 percent fat, 19 percent protein, and 68 percent carbohydrates from corn starch. Half the animals got pellets containing the starch called amylopectin, which is made up of a string of glucose molecules that the gut easily degrades into sugar. The remaining mice ate pellets containing some amylopectin but mostly the starch called amylose. That type of corn starch resists breakdown in the gut.

All the animals ate and drank as much as they wanted for 25 weeks. Throughout the study, the researchers charted weight gain, body fat, fecal excretion of starch, and blood concentrations of glucose and insulin. At the end, the researchers killed the animals and measured their livers' fat contents.

Weight gain didn't differ between the two groups of animals, suggesting that the mice found the diets comparably palatable. However, the animals' bodies responded differently to the two food-pellet recipes. Mice dining on amylopectin-enriched chow became twice as fat as those eating the slower-digested amylose recipe. Mice eating this starch grew a little longer in body, so they looked leaner that the "roly-poly" mice eating easily digested starch, Ludwig says. The latter mice "felt squishy," whereas the slow-digested-starch eaters felt firm, he adds.

Although blood sugar concentrations didn't differ between the two groups, mice on the amylopectin-rich food developed higher insulin values after a meal. The body uses the hormone to shepherd energy into its cells. Higher blood insulin after a meal, Ludwig explains, indicates that an animal needs more insulin to fully use the food it's eaten. Needing more of the hormone can be a first sign of insulin resistance and impending diabetes.

Ludwig notes, "Insulin is a powerful anabolic hormone, meaning it promotes the storage of fat. In fact, that's arguably one of [the hormone's] main roles." One of the first places newly made insulin ends up is in the liver, where it can trigger the localized creation and stockpiling of fat.

Although the rodents' livers weighed the same whether they ate fast- or slow-digested starch, fat made up 12 percent of the liver in mice fed the amylopectin-rich diet. That's double the fat content of livers in animals that had eaten the slow-digested starch. For perspective, Ludwig notes, people whose livers contain 10 percent fat are considered to be suffering from "advanced" nonalcoholic fatty-liver disease.

What about people?

This isn't the first study to indicate that foods that rapidly break down to glucose in the body—characterized as having a "high glycemic index" (see The New GI Tracts)—can fuel nonalcoholic fatty-liver disease. For instance, last year Silvia Valtueña of the University of Parma in Italy and her colleagues reported findings from a study of 247 apparently healthy men and women. The volunteers' diets were evaluated and given a glycemic-index (GI) rating.

Low GI foods included corn, dairy products, and fruit. High GI fare included bread, pizza, and baked snacks. The volunteers were grouped into four categories based on the ascending GI rankings of their diets.

Participants with the highest-GI diets were twice as likely to have undiagnosed fatty-liver disease as were other study participants. People in the highest group were also far likelier to be insulin resistant, the researcher reported in the July 2006 American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

In an editorial accompanying the Valtueña report, David J.A. Jenkins and his colleagues at the University of Toronto argued that the "implication of this study is that a low-GI diet, or selection of lower-GI rather than higher-GI foods, may benefit persons with nonalcoholic fatty liver." Indeed, the commenters suggested, it might be possible for doctors to treat nonalcoholic fatty liver by lowering the glycemic index of an individuals' diets.

That's what Ludwig's group is now investigating: "We hope to enroll 46 kids to a diet for 6 months," he says. The 8- to 17-year-olds and their parents will receive dietary counseling. Half of the recruits will be assigned to a low-fat diet. The rest will receive counseling to lower the glycemic index of their diets. The general guidelines for a low-GI diet call for substituting whole-grain foods for ones made from highly processed cereal fibers and reducing refined sugars in favor of sweet fruits.

"Conceptually," Ludwig says, "fatty liver should be reversible—we've seen it anecdotally in practice many times, such as when someone loses weight or changes the quality of their diet."


If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

Citations

David J.A. Jenkins

Clinical Nutrition and Risk Factor Modification Center

St. Michael's Hospital

61 Queen Street, East

Toronto, ON M5C 3E2

Canada


David S. Ludwig

Children's Hospital Boston

Department of Medicine

333 Longwood Avenue

Boston, MA 02115


Silvia Valtueña

Department of Internal Medicine and Biomedical Sciences

University of Parma

43100 Parma

Italy
Further Reading

Pawlak, D.B., et al. 2001. High glycemic index starch promotes hypersecretion of insulin and higher body fat in rats without affecting insulin sensitivity. Journal of Nutrition 131(January):99-104. Available at [Go to].

Raloff, J. 2007. Super-size mice—Fast food hurts rodents. Science News Online (June 9). Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Counting carbs. Science News 166(July 17):40-42. Available at [Go to].

______. 2004. Coming soon—Spud lite. Science News Online (June 19). Available at [Go to].

______. 2000. The new GI tracts. Science News 157(April 8):236-238. Available at [Go to].

Sloth, I., et al. 2004. No difference in body weight decrease between a low-glycemic-index and a high-glycemic-index diet but reduced LDL cholesterol after 10-wk ad libitum intake of the low-glycemic-index diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 80(Aug. 1):337-347. Available at [Go to].

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          most beautiful        
I
-

I will say that you are the most beautiful girl in the world, and it will not be true.


In an absolute sense, that is. For one, to call you the most beautiful girl in the world, I would have to see (meet?) all the girls in this world. Not that I don't like this idea, but it would be an impossible thing to do. And that is not the only problem. I mean, you could easily dismiss it as me talking in hyperbole, not that you would have a problem with it, would you? And even otherwise, it could be dismissed as me being cheesy, albeit in a good way, cheesy still. Or, it could be challenged by anyone, no?


II
--

What songs, what words, sentences should I write?
She walks with unsaid words and unshed eyes;
A few steps behind me in the moonlight.
She knows, and that I know not, yet she shies.
Behind me, even the moonlight cries;
So her lips unseal, eyes weep, wrong made right.
She knows, and that I know not, yet she shies.
Doth mystery revealed make romance bright?
Her silence I hear and away I glide.
Romance be mystery, and mystery tries
the truth of my heart, healing from hurt pride.
The shadow remains still, the water dries...
Songs, words, sentences I could never write
A few steps behind me in the moonlight.


III
---

"I love you."

Heh, saying it even in front of the mirror is seeming so ridiculous, and I can only imagine how ridiculous it would be in front of her. Maybe I could put it differently.

"Jab se tumse milaa hoon, bas tumhaare hi khayaalo mai khoya rehta hoon. Tumhaare bina mera naa aar hai naa paar. Mai tumse aur sirf tumse pyaar kartaa hoon." Yeah, right. Bollywood would be such a perfect way to go. Damn you, Bollywood! Real cinema, please?


I have to get every expression, every gesture right. It has to be perfect. I will put on a smile first, give an elegant pause, look into her eyes, and just say it. If only I had some practice before! How, I know not, this mirror thing is surely not helping me.

I should also be prepared for everything that she could say. I have to play every scenario in my head, and have an appropriate response for her every response, so that I do not look like a fool after saying it. She could say "Huh?! What?!", and then maybe leave or something. I am a little scared of this scenario, I wouldn't know what to do or say. Well, I kind of know what to say.

I know that I have to tell her. She must know.

On an off-chance, she could also say, "I love you too." And that would make me the happiest person on this planet, not that it is going to happen. But if I am getting prepared for everything, I might as well do an exhaustive job.

We think that a number coming on a dice is a random event. It is not. It is a direct function of how a dice is thrown, and we could come up with a perfect model which could exactly predict the outcome on the dice. This, on the other hand, is a completely random event for me. For I have absolutely no control over it, nor am I in a position to predict the outcome. It has to be lived through to know.


I met her in the evening. She looked beautiful, like always. It is amazing how when I meet her even today, I still feel like how I felt when I met her for the first time. It is such an amazing feeling, something one would want to hold on to for life.

We ordered something to eat, while I was still trying to figure out the perfect time to pop the words. I was nervous. No matter how much prepared one is, when the time comes, it seems like an impossible thing to do. I decided to say it between the food and the dessert, that way, atleast the evening would surely end on a sweet note. And while I made this decision, a part of me hoped that the food never finishes.

Time passed quickly, as is always the case when I am with her, and we ordered dessert. I now had a small window within which I had to say it. How?! My heart was racing! I think I let my nervousness show, even. "I love you", I said. The world around me moved in slow motion, and it seemed like there she was, in front of me, in suspended animation.

Phew, here comes the dessert.


IV
----

When I met you for the first time, I remember the electricity. You looked beautiful. Enchanting, really. I don't really remember the major parts from that evening, what we talked about etc. But I remember such minor details that I amaze myself. Details which would never matter otherwise. I remember the sounds of your laughter. I remember the heating up of my ears when I embarrassed myself because of something really stupid I said, and you giggled still. And how I kept on going about something so obvious and trivial, and you looked and smiled. And how you kept going about something so obvious and trivial, while your hands rolled a chocolate-wrapper, which we had had then and there, before finishing up the whole box. I remember how you said that you needed to leave in another 5 minutes, and then stayed on for half-n-hour. And then before leaving, gently added, "So when do I see you again?". I remember how the entire evening felt like 2 minutes. The minor things about that encounter were the major parts of the evening, really.

And then so many other times.

People say that love is nothing more than a bunch of chemical reactions in our head. But isn't it amazing, that this other person could cause such strong feelings? I mean, if we were to dismiss love like this, then we should also dismiss having good food, coffee, chocolates, life, us, because even those are just a set of chemical reactions.


I remember when we met one afternoon, and we were just walking along the street. It was just you between me and the setting sun. The sun-rays trickled through your hair, glistening. I couldn't look away. It seemed like nothing else in the world really mattered in that moment. And in that moment, in that one, single moment, you were the most beautiful girl in the world, in an absolute sense. And then several such times, again.

I'll tell you every day of my life, that you are the most beautiful girl in the world. And when I do, I do not mean right then. I would really mean the moment in which you really were, and I would mean that because I have seen you in those moments, and so many such moments we would have spent together in which you would have been.


I will say that you are the most beautiful girl in the world, and it will be true.

          Globus Hypermarkets in Russia Introduces Scan & Go with NCR Technology for a Faster and More Convenient Shopping Experience        
PRZOOM - Newswire (press release) - 2017/01/16, Duluth, GA United States - The Scan & Go system is based on the NCR FastLane Mobile Shopper powered by Re-Vision solution and is the first customer implementation in Europe - Globus.de / NCR.com
          Methadone-Induced Hyperhidrosis Treated With Oxybutynin        
Objectives: This case report aims to help healthcare providers and methadone clinic patients to recognize one of the less recognized adverse effects of methadone, hyperhidrosis, and to suggest oxybutynin as a possible solution. Methods: A 35-year-old man on methadone maintenance therapy presented with excessive sweating, which began promptly after methadone was introduced. Urine toxicology was conducted every 2 weeks to rule out other illicit substances that may have contributed to the sweating. Results: Oxybutynin (5 mg PO QID) resulted in cessation of the methadone-induced hyperhidrosis within 2 days of starting the medication. Conclusions: Methadone-induced excessive sweating is an adverse effect of the medication that reportedly affects up to 45% of those prescribed methadone, and oxybutynin is a potent treatment for methadone-induced excessive sweating.
          Inpatient Gamma-Hydroxybutyrate Detoxification: A Case Report Describing Day-to-day Therapeutic Management        
imageBackground: Gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a synthetic drug increasingly used by consumers of psychoactive substances. The sought after psychoactive effects of GHB have resulted in an increase in recreational use in Europe. GHB is considered to have a high dependence potential, and abrupt discontinuation after long-term use can result in a severe withdrawal syndrome. Despite a large number of publications related to GHB withdrawal and detoxification, to date, no evidence-based protocol or consensual international therapeutic guidelines are available (over and above the administration of benzodiazepines). We hereby present a day-to-day description of inpatient GHB detoxification management, from admission to discharge. Case Summary: This case report pertains to a 47-year-old patient hospitalized for a severe GHB use disorder. The patient had independently made several unsuccessful attempts to stop GHB use. Following to these failures, the patient was oriented to our addiction department for inpatient detoxification. Withdrawal symptoms appeared 4 hours after the last dose of GHB, and consisted of diaphoresis, coenesthetic hallucinations, tremors, motor instability, tachycardia, and a hypertensive peak. Symptoms were successfully managed with diazepam titration and nonpharmacological treatment. The duration of hospitalization was 13 days. At discharge, detoxification was complete and the patient was engaged in relapse prevention therapy. Three months after discharge, the patient had maintained abstinence. Conclusions: GHB withdrawal, which can be severe, is better prevented or attenuated by daily medical monitoring and adjustment of treatment dosage. Failure of outpatient detoxification should be included in the indication criteria in the guidelines for inpatient detoxification.
          How to Deliver a More Persuasive Message Regarding Addiction as a Medical Disorder        
Many members of our field are frustrated that the public does not see addiction as a legitimate medical disorder which should be compassionately addressed as a health problem rather than a criminal justice problem. Although some attribute the disconnect to the public's lack of scientific knowledge or attachment to outdated moral views regarding substance use, this commentary suggests that the problem may well be our own messaging. We would be more persuasive if we acknowledged that addiction is different from most medical disorders because of its high negative externalities, and that this understandably makes the public more scared of and angry about addiction than they are about conditions like asthma, type II diabetes, and hypertension. Relatedly, because of the amount of violence and other crimes associated with addiction, we should acknowledge that the public's belief that law enforcement has an important role to play in responding to addiction has a rational basis.
          Combined Abuse of Clonidine and Amitriptyline in a Patient on Buprenorphine Maintenance Treatment        
Buprenorphine/naloxone maintenance therapy is often prescribed in primary care to treat opioid dependence. Previous reports have described concomitant abuse of opioids and clonidine. In this case, a primary care patient on buprenorphine/naloxone maintenance therapy demonstrating altered mental status, hallucinations, falls, and rebound hypertension was found to be concomitantly abusing clonidine and amitryptyline, which share metabolic pathways with buprenorphine. Clinicians should be aware of patients' combining amitryptyline, clonidine, and gabapentin with buprenorphine to achieve a mood altering state, avoid co-prescribing them if possible, and maintain communication with pharmacies and other providers when they are prescribed.
          2018 Hyundai Elantra GT Pricing Announced        
Hyundai is pitching the all-new, third-generation Elantra GT as "European influenced" – it's more than hyperbole since, like the first two generations, the brand's latest compact hatchback was developed primarily in Europe.
          By: ianagol        
I discussed Schläfli's formula during my seminar this semester, so I scanned Hodgson's thesis (don't tell Craig, since I didn't ask his permission ;). Hodgson does it a bit differently, looking at the intersection with 2-planes instead of hyperplanes (so this doesn't require induction, but does require a careful analysis of error terms). There is also a curious non-differential formula for volume one may glean from this approach. The area of a 2-dimensional cross-section is ∑(π-\theta) - 2π, so one gets a formula which is C ∑(π-\theta_e)l_e -2π Vol(P*), where P* is the dual polyhedron of all 2-planes that meet P, and C is some constant.
          Intensive Lowering of Blood Pressure Can Reduce Risk of Harm to Heart Muscle        
A new study by researchers at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center has shown that aggressive lowering of blood pressure in people with hypertension reduced the risk of left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This condition, the enlargement and thickening of the walls of the heart’s main pumping chamber, is the most common complication of high blood pressure and greatly increases the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.   
          Rilasciato VM Explorer 6.3: backup per host vSphere e Hyper-V        
La soluzione, distribuita in Italia da CoreTech, con la nuova versione 6.3 presenta novità che lo rendono ancora più maturo ed interessante rispetto al passato: il supporto per vSphere 6.5 e la funzione di ripristino granulare della singola email o mailbox di Microsoft Exchange. La nuova release richiede come prerequisito obbligatorio il pacchetto .NET 4.6.2 e, se durante il […]

          VirtualBox vs Hyper-v: which is best for resource utilization        
none
          Pokladní v supermarketu/hypermarketu 100-110,-Kč/hod. - výplata ihned        
Pro dlouhodobou spolupráci hledáme pracovníky na pozici - pokladní supermarketu a hypermarketu. Můžete chodit 3x týdně, nebo i 5x týdně. Vše záleží na Vaši c
          Pokladní v hypermarketu Chodov 120,-Kč/hod. - výplata ihned        
Pro dlouhodobou spolupráci hledáme pracovníky na pozici - pokladní hypermarket. Můžete chodit 3x týdně, nebo i 5x týdně. Vše záleží na Vaši chuti a časovýc
          Venezuela is Socialism's Last Nail in the Coffin        

From a so-called “economic miracle” to a human rights disaster, Venezuela has followed in the footsteps of literally every single socialist or communist country ever with its country in complete collapse. Crime is on the rise, the people are starving, protests are going all throughout the country, and unconfirmed rumors are coming out that President Nicolas Maduro is considering leaving.

In the never ending desire to achieve an impossible utopia, Venezuela is living in a nightmare that may serve as the best evidence against government mismanagement.

To be blunt, the people are starving. Roughly 75 percent of the country lost 19 pounds in 2016. This actually coincides with reports that Venezuelans were looking for food in the trash.

It is not just food that Venezuelans seem to be running out of at the moment. The country is lacking medicine, toilet paper, and even goods for religious sacraments as well. All sorts of goods are disappearing from the country faster and faster.

Meanwhile, their economy is in complete shambles. At the start of the year, inflation had hit 800 percent while their GDP had shrunk by 19 percent. To make matters worse, 2016 marked its third year of recession.

Of course, the elite of the country have not seemed to notice the problems their citizens are facing. Accusations fly of the leaders of Venezuela living luxurious lifestyles despite the recession. Unsurprisingly, reports have the daughter of Venezuela’s last President Hugo Chavez at a networth of $4.2 billion.

So the big question is: why is Venezuela falling apart? The simplest answer is government mismanagement as it started taking over the economy. Under the watch of Socialists Hugo Chavez and his successor Nicolas Maduro, the socialist leadership in the country has greatly increased its influence in economic affairs, resulting in decreased investment, business failures, and scarcity.

Over the past decade and a half, the Venezuelan government has nationalized multiple industries, including oil, agriculture, finance, steel, electricity, and telecommunications. Unsurprisingly, this led to significant ruin in the various industries it controlled, especially oil. Case in point, the Chavez regime largely underfunded the investment necessary to bring about increased oil production.

Large portions of oil revenues were transferred to generous social programs but there was lackluster reinvestment to make sure that more oil was produced to keep revenue flowing. As a result, oil production starting dropping consistently after 2007 which saw a major decline in revenue (and helped lead to the debt that caused hyper inflation). Additionally, Chavez demanded more money from oil companies investing in the country and the ones that refused saw their assets seized. With such a clear lack of respect for human rights, it should come as no surprise that foreign investment has been on the decline recently in the country which is also hurting business and revenue.

To make matters worse, many workers were fired and replaced with government loyalists. In one case, a company that had never created an oil well was hired to create several since it had ties to the government. The lack of experienced workers unsurprisingly has also added to the decline of the oil industry that was a huge part of the government’s revenue.

Just about every industry the government has touched has fallen apart. Steel production was reduced by 70 percent after it was nationalized, food production has been on the decline while the government redistributed farmland for the production of food the land was not suited for, and the Venezuelan government is instituting blackouts to reduce consumption to reduce electricity use due to decreased supply. Overall, it seems Venezuela is in the process of running its economy into the ground.

Venezuela has also added newer regulations and laws to improve the economic situation of its country that had the opposite effect. Case in point, the minimum wage was increased recently by 50 percent despite the fact overall wages still decreased by 17 percent. Other reports have increased labor protections actually hurting business while price controls that were implemented to reduce profits and keep prices low also helped to reduce food productions which also helped cause the food crisis. With all this in mind, it should come as no surprise that the number of businesses in Venezuela has gone down from 800,000 in 1998 to 230,000 in 2016, a decline of 570,000.

It is important to remember though that none of this should even be looked at as being done as a love for the people from the state. As was noted by a former education minister, the goal of the people reforms is “‘not to take the people out of poverty so they become middle class and then turn into escuálidos’ (a derogatory term to denote opposition members).” Translation: it’s not for their benefit but to create a dependent class of supporters.

For more evidence of how the government does not care about its people, look no further than its human rights records. The Maduro government has been seizing power by stacking the courts with supportive justices and then met the protests against that with violent crackdowns on dissenters. Meanwhile, accusations of sham elections are now flying in the wake of an election referendum to give him the power to rewrite the country’s constitution. In the end, the increase in power has come to the detriment of the people backed by phony promises.

As is always the case, the promise of helping the people through government intervention completely falls apart. Just like with China and Russia, the result is always economic ruin with the well connected few reaping the benefits. Unfortunately, the US is not free from these mistakes as states like Connecticut or cities like Seattle implementing their own interventions in the economy that results in disaster. If the US wants to head down the path same economic path as Venezuela that leads to destruction and corruption, it will inevitably end there.


          More Than I Hoped For        
It's over. Those two simple words now describe my Writing for the Internet class. This class was much more than I was expecting and hoping for. When I walked in to sign up for classes on my orientation day, they sat me down at Dr. Jerz's table. He walked me through choosing a few classes I had to take, and then he introduced me to a class of his, Writing for the Internet. I decided to take the class. I'm not sure exactly what I was expecting, but it definitely was not what I got.

These are some of the main things I got out of this class.
  • Blogging - I was not expecting blogging. I'm not sure if it was mentioned, or if I chose just to ignore it, but I don't remember having to blog being in the description of this class. At times it frustrated me, but I really did enjoy the blogging. It was such a great way to respond to the reading and assignments. I felt that I could say what I wanted, how I wanted to. It felt much more personal than writing a three page essay response.
  • Web Design - I didn't think we would be designing and uploading websites. I've had a bit of previous experience with HTML, but nothing like this. The more I thought about it, the more I realized that HTML really is writing for the web in it's basest form. If I can't code a page, there's no way I can put my writing on the web without using someone else's coding. Writing code is what writing for the internet is.
  • Web Appropriate Text - This is all that I thought the class would cover. The tips and corrections I received in this section of class were great. Reading on the computer is much different than reading an essay, a magazine, or a book. There are so many different techniques that people use when reading something on the Internet. Knowing that most people don't scroll unless forced to, that they don't read huge chunks of text, and that they find bulleted lists helpful are all things that I did not realize about writing specifically for the internet.
  • Usability Testing - I never knew what usability testing was, and now I realize that it is a vital part of designing a website. Without this testing, no website is ready to be published on the web. Knowing how to conduct usability testing really helped me in my final project.
  • Creative Hypertexts - This was such an interesting part of the class. I've never encountered stories on the web in this format or interactive fiction. While I got frustrated with both quite easily, it was interesting to have the chance to code something I'd never even heard of before.
This final portfolio covers my work for my term project. For my term project I chose to write a website that explores Click to Give sites. These blog entries covered my progress through my project.
Through this project, I also helped with the projects of others.
I gave suggestions and encouragement to
I was a tester for
  • Jessie - I tested her game for the alpha testing.
  • Andy - I looked at his site and then gave him individual suggestions.
  • Aero - I looked at his site after he e-mailed me the link and sent him my critique.
  • Jed - I played his game for beta testing.
  • Dani - I used her site for alpha testing.
  • Denamarie - I did the same for her site that I did for Andy's.
I think I liked this section of the class best. We each chose what we wanted to work on. Then we all helped each other to come up with the best final project possible. I thought it was a great display of classmates helping each other and working to our potential.

Other's final thoughts on the class.

          Concentrate and Keep Moving Along        

Third portfolio! Well ... not really. This happens to be my second and third portfolio for the class Writing for the Internet taught by Dr. Jerz at Seton Hill University. I'm combining them for certain reasons. Moving on...

I really feel that, all things considered, I'm learning a lot in this class. This section of class, I learned a lot about websites and what is useful and what is not. Creative hypertext and interactive fiction games are both things I have never encountered before. It was interesting to interact with these types of internet writing and learn more about them.

Want to know more about what I've been doing? Read on. Because of the large amount of blogs that will have to be covered in this portfolio, I will try not to reference each of them more than once.

Books

There were two different books that we took a look at in this section of the class. These are my overall reviews for each book.

Coverage

These blogs demonstrate my ability to include quotes from the reading, the source of the reading, and a post back to the assignment page.

Timeliness

These blogs were posted on time! Being sick, my timeliness slipped around a bit, but there is certainly some work that was submitted on time! YAY!

Interaction

These blogs prove my ability to interact with the others in the classroom by attracting comments from them.

Depth

Want me to write in depth? Go a little bit further than I had to? Since I missed a bit of the blogging on time, I chose to make up for that by writing some more indepth blogs!

Discussion

These are blog entries belonging to my classmates where I added to their blog by making a comment. Enjoy!

Others

Blogs that were written during this time period but really didn't fit into a category.

 

Assignment Post

 


          Hypertext Fiction is Possible.        

Furthermore, Aristotle concludes, "a well-constructed Plot, therefore, cannot either begin or end at any point one likes; beginning and end in it must be of the forms just described. Again: to be beautiful, a living creature, and every whole made up of parts, must not only present a certain order in its arrangement of parts, but also be of a certain definite magnitude" (1462).
Hypertext and the Aristotelian Conception of Plot

Within "Is Hypertext Fiction Possible?" by George P. Landow, this page about Hypertext, Aristotle, and plot can be found. Because Aristotle says that a plot must have a beginning, middle, and end that are all well-formed, what happens to hypertext? Most hypertexts do not have a definitive beginning, middle, or end. Do they not have a plot?

I believe that they do. Hypertext is not written in the same way that published books and poetry are. It is allowable, normal, acceptable for a reader to start anywhere within the text and finish anywhere. Unlike in a book, one reader's concept of the plot within the hypertext may be completely different from the plot found by another reader.

Hypertext is interesting because of it's ability to be a completely different experience for every reader. It can even be a different experience for the same reader. The same path does not have to be chosen everytime. It is new, exciting, different... and definitely possible.

Hypertext therefore calls into question qualities associated with all these other concepts.

  • fixed sequence
  • definite beginning and ending
  • a story's "certain definite magnitude" and
  • the conception of unity or wholeness

Hypertext and the Aristotelian Conception of Plot 

The article brings up the point that hypertext calls certain qualities of plot "into question." I examined these qualities within the context of the hypertext I spent the most time with.

I examined a creative hypertext called Stir Fry Texts which is talked about more in depth in my blog I, You, We Stir Fry! The authors of the different Stir Fry Texts defy all of what Aristotle says while still creating effective hypertext that is also fiction.

There is no fixed sequence. By rolling the mouse over the text, anything can happen. The words do not change in a certain order. A slight movement of the mouse can change a word, a phrase. Moving the mouse over everything can change almost everything within the paragraph. Changes can happen in any order possible. While there is no specific order for the text to be experienced, a fixed sequence still occurs for the reader. One page is text is viewed, changes are made with the mouse, and then a whole new page can be viewed. The reader still experiences text within an order, just not a predetermined one. 

There may be a definite beginning to Stir Fry Texts, but there is certainly no definite ending. The reader is provided with a place to start reading but after anything can happen within the text. The reader is free to stop at any point without feeling like he or she is missing any of the story. But isn't that the definite end for the reader? When the reader decided that he or she is done with the story, they walk away. And it's finished. 

There is no "certain definite magnitude." It seems that the story can be as big or as small as the reader wishes. The reader could spend hours with this hypertext, just as one could spend hours with a book. The reader could also choose to be done with the hypertext after just a minute or two, all the time it takes to read some poems. 

The concept of unity or wholeness is left up to the reader. The text can be seen as a whole story or not.

Despite the hypertext's ability to live up to what Aristotle says constitutes a good piece of fiction with a solid plot, the readers can still walk away from Stir Fry Texts with the sense that a story happened. They can feel connected with the characters and also feel that something was resolved within the 'story' being told on screen. I did.

After all this investigation on hypertexts themselves and reading about hypertext, I have a new respect for this writing form. The first creative hypertext I read was The Heist by Walter Sorrells. My reaction to the piece was not altogether pleasant. I was confused by the constant jumping around from one section to another within the writing. After exploring many other hypertexts, which include different forms of hypertext besides pure writing, I found different sites that I really enjoyed. While not all hold to Aristotle's conventions of what constitutes good plot, I found that some of them could still hold the form of a story. Others, such as Stud Poetry, were not similar to a story.

In the end, I really do not think that hypertext can be compared to books because it is an entirely different way of storytelling. I believe it holds true, though, that it is a form of storytelling, no matter what Aristotle said thousands of years ago.

Assignment Post


          HyperText ... Not all what I thought.        

Because the creative hypertext we have been dealing with in class is all similar to story form, that is what I was expecting within the sites I chose from the Electronic Literature Collection Volume One site. That was not at all the case. The different creative sites I visited were all very different. They all involved different sorts of creative ideas using text and the web.

Stud Poetry
Stud Poetry, by Marko Niemi, is an interesting take on poker. Words take the place of numbers on the cards. Words such as nature, infinite, and balsam can now be found on the cards. You play just as you would play poke, betting, calling, raising, and folding, hoping to win the hand. The people you play with can include Charles Baudelaire, Arthur Rimbaud, and Paul Verlaine.

I found this game really interesting because it emphasizes the importance of words. Words hold the power that numbers often do.

Carving in Possibilities
This site focuses on the face of Michaelangelo's David. The interaction starts with the introduction "Mouse slowly to carve out your existence ... and remember where you put your ghosts." The player is to slowly move the mouse over the blurry face of David to find new phrases and to slowly reveal David's sculpted face.

I liked this creative hypertext because of the phrasing used: 
"Did they keep you company in polyphonic harmony?"
"ancient bodies compressed in calcite structures"
"How do you know this David did not lie?"

The wording seemed so poetic and striking.

Inanimate Alice, Episode 1: China
This site was a pretty straight-forward story. After a few sentences, a button would appear to click through to the next part of the story. It told the story of a little girl who lived with her parents in China. She and her mother go to look for the father when he gets lost.

I didn't much like this because there was not much interaction. The user clicks to go on to the next page and that is pretty much it. At one point, the user cannot move on until he or she "takes a picture" of each flower that Alice wants to. After images of the four flowers are captured on Alice's little communication device/game player, the user is able to click to the next part of the story. 

I, You, We
I loved this site. While very simple, this page could be explore for a long time. The user of the site seems to be in an infinite cube in which there are many, many words. The words I, you, and we randomly fill the space. The rest of the space is filled with other words. All of these words are striking because they seem to be able to describe the user.

Stir Fry Texts
The idea of this site is very interesting. As you move the mouse over the words, the words seem to spasm, and then they change. A new piece of writing is created with each move of the mouse. There are five different stir fry texts, Log, Spastext, Blue Hyacinth, Correspondence, and Divine Mind Fragment Theater. Each seperate page contains the same idea with different writings.

I really liked this page and I'd like to spend more time with it. It was fun to roll my mouse quickly over the entire text, read what appeared, and repeat.

 

Overall, I found some of these to be really interesting. Of the five I looked at, only two were interesting enough to play for more than a few minutes. More on that in my next blog =]

Back to the original assignment. 


          The Body... Her Body        

It seemed my body could do anything I wanted it to. How much I dared was the only question.
The Body by Shelley Jackson

Shelley Jackson takes her readers on a journey through her view of her body. At times I felt the reading to be a bit uncomfortable, like I was reading someone's diary. Whether this was all pure fiction or not, I still felt that I was invading her space.

I liked reading The Body because it was easy to follow. Because each page dealt with a seperate part of the body, one did not have to read previous "chapters" to understand the current one. I was not lost. I took the time to make sure I had read every entry, every description that Jackson had posted of her body.

I think The Body is very interesting because Jackson views the body through an artist's point of view. She describes her struggles with drawing the body. Her struggles with learning how to draw something with correct perspective are explored. She views the body as more than a functional piece of hardware. She can see the body, her body, as a piece of art that can inspire the creation of more art.

This work of writing works extraordinarily well as a hypertext because the body and hypertext are very similar. Each can be viewed as a whole. The parts make up the whole but do not have to be reviewed in any particular order. The hands can be looked at before the ears. The ears do not have to be comprehended in order for the hands to be understood. I think the same should be true with creative hypertext. Each entry, each page, should be able to stand on it's own. The different pages should add to each other, should compliment each other. Alone they don't make complete sense, just as the feet don't make complete sense when not attached to the body. But readers should be able to read each page out of order and still sense what is being conveyed.

Other's view points of The Body.


          University of Emotion        
Here is my soul made of layered language.
You smashed it against the wall that night of hallucinations.
And when I pry open my eyes, a long-beaked mask in the vague darkness nibbles at my clenching hands.

The University of Yellow Wallpaper by c. e. white

I found The University of Yellow Wallpaper to be a really interesting interactive fiction. The language used within the writing, as shown by the above excerpt, is very rich. I really liked reading each page individually. Together, I'm not sure how the different pages fit together. The only connections I saw between the pages were a strong reference to the emotion the writer was feeling.

I like that the links to the pages I had already visited were shown as pink instead of the original yellow. This helped me to discover more of the story in a shorter amount of time. I did not have to waste time exploring the pages I had already been at.

E. B. White definitely uses hypertext to acheive a new effect that could not be found on paper. The links emphasize certain descriptions. Those few words seem more important. They jump out at the reader. Because the writing has a feeling of insanity to it, the hyperlink medium helps to convey that feeling to the reader. Each click takes the reader further and further into the maze that is this person's mind. The writing backtracks to reference ideas presented before. This makes even more connection to the feeling of insanity, of running in circles.

Because there was no real storyline to follow, it was ok to jump from one section to the next. There was no specific timeline running through the story so it made it ok to access the story sections in any random order.

I think this story was very effective as a hypertext. The lack of a firm story line made jumping around possible. The many links within the text made the feeling of insanity much more readily accessible to the reader. That effect could not have been achieved the same way in a print novel.

Other's reactions?

          Forever in their debt.         

    Prince and Pearl, Duke and Baron, Queen, and Bonnie and Clyde. 

   All seven of our carriage horses are amazing horses. They brave things that would have the average horse badly spooked. We routinely encounter all sorts of crazy things that very few horses would ever tolerate. Heavy traffic, loud motorcycles, and honking cars is the mild stuff. We have had everything from a carriage full of teen girls screaming at the top of their lungs, to mariachi bands, bagpipes, the massive gun fire on New Year's Eve, and even fireworks. Lots more of the typical stuff as well, screaming babies, hyper children, every sort of flapping plastic, and loud event commotion, is all just part of their "norm"  

   Unlike the hack or street carriage horse our special event carriage horses have to perform in a different environment at each job. Someplace they have never seen before and are unfamiliar with. Most people can't fully grasp the level of training much less the immense trust that these horses have in us and us with them to be able to perform under those circumstances, and do it calmly. Good commercial carriage horses have to have a naturally adaptable personality. The reliable ones always do. A large part of their fearlessness is due to the bond they have with their drivers and footmen. It is a mutual bond that is nothing short of divine. 

  This brings me to share with you a little about the human side of the equation. You see, the bond flows both ways. The connection a driver has with his/her horse is equally important. Being flight animals even the best horses can get a little rattled once in awhile and that is where our equine partners trust in his person comes in. A soothing tone of voice, a command given with authority does wonders to let that equine partner know that not only is he being given direction, hes safe because he is not alone. It's hard to describe to the non-horseman, but to those who are, it's as real a thing as the morning sun. Speaking of such things among their peers the horseman simply nods in understanding. 

  So you can probably imagine the deep love and appreciation the horseman/woman has for their horses. We keep each other safe and out of harm's way. We lean on each other for support when things get sideways. The trust that forms between a carriage driver and his/her horse goes far deeper than just affection for a beloved pet. It is a mutual respect like no other. The love and admiration we grow to feel for our horses is immense. Carriage drivers thank God every day for their brave and wonderful horses, and cannot help but to feel forever in their debt.  

          Reminder: SEC Exhibit Hyperlink and HTML Format Rules Become Effective September 1        

          Menyediakan Resipi Kari Kepala Ikan Yang Power Dengan Serbuk Rempah Kari Ikan Mak Siti         
Salam sejahtera kepada semua pembaca setia blog makan Mahamahu dan juga rakan-rakan sekalian. Ok sempena dengan Ramadhan ni mesti ramai yang mencari resipi untuk masak buka puasa betul tak. Maha ada satu resipi mudah menggunakan Serbuk Rempah Kari Ikan Mak Siti. Kalau dah kari tu mestilah Kari Kepala Ikan baru lah terangkat hehehe.


Resipi ni jarang buat tapi bulan puasa ni tiba-tiba lak datang mood nak makan kepala ikan. Kalau kepala ikan selalu korang guna ikan apa? Kebiasaan orang selalu guna kepala Ikan Jenahak atau kepala Ikan Tenggiri tapi kali ni Maha gunakan kepala Ikan Merah lembut sikit. Tapi yang uniknya Maha pernah tengok orang buat kari guna kepala Ikan Salmon ada tau jangan tak caya.


Bahan-bahan membuat Kari Kepala Ikan


1 bahagian Kepala Ikan Merah
1 pek Serbuk Rempah Kari Ikan Mak Siti
1 biji Bawang Besar
6 ulas Bawang Putih
2 inchi Halia
5 batang Kacang Bendi
1 cawan Santan Kelapa
1 biiji Tomato  
1 batang Daun Kari
1 mangkuk kecil Air Asam Jawa
4 sudu Minyak Masak 
2 biji Cili Merah
Garam secukup rasa


Cara-cara memasak Kari Kepala Ikan


1) Kisar hancur bawang besar, bawang putih dan halia. 
2) Masuk minyak masak dalam periuk dan tumiskan bahan yang dikisar tadi sehingga naik baunya.
3) Kemudian masukan Serbuk Rempah Kari Ikan Mak Siti bersama air asam jawa dan daun kari kemudian masak sekejap.
4) Baru masukan santan kelapa dan masak dengan api perlahan. Tunggu sehingga santan mendidih.
5) Masukan kepala ikan, kacang bendi dan cili merah jangan selalu kacau nanti kepala ikan hancur. Biar sehingga mendidih dan ikan masak.
6) Akhir sekali baru masukan tomato dan garam secukup rasa. 


Akhirnya siap sudah resipi mudah membuat kari kepala ikan yang power dan menyengat. Makan pula dengan nasi putih dan juga sambal belacan memang terbaik. Selalu orang makan kari ni dengan Nasi Kandar cukup popular kat Penang. Maha juga ada membuat resipi Resepi Masak Kari Makanan Laut menggunakan Serbuk Rempah Kari Makanan Laut Mak Siti juga.


Serbuk rempah Mak Siti ini sangat memudahkan kerja di dapur. Hanya masukan sahaja rempah tu bersama bahan lain dah siap. Produk mereka juga dijamin HALAL Jakim dan menggunakan bahan semulajadi. Orang kita sekarang mengutamakan kesihatan dan produk Mak Siti juga tidak mengandungi pewarna dan perasa tiruan yang terjamin selamat. 



Selain dari rempah kari Mak Siti juga ada mengeluarkan rempah lain seperti Serbuk Rempah Sup, Serbuk Rempah Rendang, Serbuk Rempah Kurma, Serbuk Rempah Sup Soto dan banyak lagi. 


Korang boleh tengok Resipi Sup Ayam yang disediakan oleh blogger Mawardi seorang blogger travel popular, boleh tahan sedap juga dia masak. Mana nak dapat semua produk ni korang dah boleh pergi kedai runcit, pasaraya dan hypermaket seperti TESCO, Giant, Aeon Big, Aeon dan Mydin.

Ingat Masakan Mak Ingat Mak Siti 


Kata-kata hikmah tu lah yang membuat kenapa rempah Mak Siti ini begitu dekat dengan hati rakyat Malaysia. Bagi memenuhi dan memberikan kepelbagaian dalam memasak untuk ibu-ibu di dapur mereka juga telah mengeluarkan produk baru dengan packaging yang terbaru. 


Baru-baru ini bertempat di Restoran Rempah Kari Mak Siti di Bandar Tun Razak, Cheras telah diadakan majlis berbuka puasa bersama media dan anak yatim serta pada majlis tersebut turut diperkenalkan produk baru dari syarikat mereka.



Kali ini syarikat mereka telah mengeluarkan rempah dalam bekas berupa botol untuk lebih mudah dan lebih menarik. Diantara rempah baru dalam botol kali ini adalah Emping Cili, Serbuk Cili, Daun Limau Purut, Serbuk Daun Limau Purut, Serbuk Kayu Manis, Serbuk Halia, Serbuk Lada Putih, Serbuk Lada Hitam dan Serbuk Kunyit.


Maha suka sebab botol-botol ni nampak lebih cantik dan mudah untuk disusun di atas para dapur. Rempah ratus Mak Siti merupakan produk yang diusahakan oleh bumiputera yang mempunyai ladang sendiri dan telah mendapat pengiktirafan sebagai “The Largest Herbs & Spices Plantation” oleh The Malaysia Book of Records ok. Ladang mereka seluas 3,200 ekar yang terletak di Muar Johor kalau nak pergi melawat boleh lah. 


Korang nak info lebih lanjut tentang produk rempah Mak Siti ini atau nak resipi lain menggunakan produk mereka boleh layari laman web dan facebook mereka seperti di bawah: 

Laman web rasmi : http://www.maksiti.com
Alamat : Nasuha Enterprise Sdn. Bhd.
               Ladang Rempah Ratus & Herba
               Batu 12, Jalan Muar - Pagoh
               84500 Muar, Johor.
Tel : 06-9737508 / 509
Whatsapp : 017-3309330






          TrashFood : les bounty bars de Trish Deseine        

Les fêtes de fin d'années approchent et c'est aussi la période où l'on enfourne un peu n'importe quoi sans se soucier des conséquences sur la balance (oh mais si soyez pas rabat-joie puis le cheat meal, c'est hyper tendance sur Instagram).

Bon, là, j'avoue qu'on parle quand même d'un cheat meal qui est pas de la blague... Du lait concentré + du sucre glace + du chocolat fondu + de la noix de coco, on frôle l'AVC rien qu'en lisant les ingrédients et on perd ses dents si on en mange plus de deux à la suite. Mais bon, une fois de temps en temps, c'est quand même plaisant et puis rien ne vous oblige à vous envoyer les trentes carrés que vous allez obtenir, c'est le moment de faire des petits paquets gourmands à vos amis (ou vos ennemis, c'est vous qui voyez). 

bounty bars

Pour une trentaine de carrés :

350g de bon chocolat noir, 100g de beurre doux mou, 100g de sucre glace, 200g de lait concentré sucré, 225g de noix de coco râpée

 

Faire fondre le chocolat et le verser dans un moule rectangulaire (préalablement chemisé avec du papier sulfurisé). 

Laisser durcir. 

Battre le beurre et le sucre, ajouter le lait concentré ainsi que la noix de coco, la pâte doit être lisse. 

Etaler le mélange sur le chocolat préalablement durci, laisser refroidir et durcir encore complétement au réfrigérateur. 

Renverser pour démouler et découper en carrés, avec la noix de coco sur le dessus : le découpage sera plus facile ainsi. 

 

Je vous dis à bientôt avec une recette encore pire je crois bien...


          Auto entrepreneur - Le nettoyage à vapeur des véhicules...        
Aujourd'hui, de nombreuses personnes se lancent en "Auto-entrepreneur" dans le nettoyage propre et ecologique des véhicules, bateaux, cuisines de restaurants
Ainsi,ceprop.fr commercialise un nettoyeur vapeur professionnel à un prix hyper compétitif.
Avec ce nettoyeur à vapeur professionnel, il est possible de dégraisser et de désinfecter des objets ou des surfaces d'une manière écologique et définitive. C'est un nettoyeur vapeur professionnel "multi usage".
Le nettoyeur vapeur pro LAVOR est composé d'un générateur vapeur électrique qui développe une vapeur sèche à une pression de 6 bars et une température de 160°C. La saleté est aspirée à l'intérieur d'un réservoir intégré à la machine.
Ce nettoyeur vapeur pro Lavor est particulièrement adapté pour l'industrie alimentaire, pharmaceutique et mécanique, pour les véhicules, les hôpitaux et organismes sanitaires...

Une vidéo de démonstration est consultable sur le site internet de ceprop.fr, de plus le manuel d'utilisation est téléchargeable sur notre site internet.
Le tarif actuel est de 1095 € HT + port.
Il est possible d'obtenir un paiement en 3 X sans frais.
Fort du succés de notre nettoyeur vapeur (plusieurs ventes par semaine) nous sommes heureux de vous faire profiter de cette offre (valable jusqu'à fin juin)

--
Contact Presse:
ceprop.fr
François ceprop.fr
0545924384
www.ceprop.fr
Profil du diffuseur : http://www.categorynet.com/reseaucategorynet/profile?userid=54307


--

Communiqué envoyé le 17.05.2010 22:10:00 via le site Categorynet.com dans la rubrique Environnement

Diffuser votre communiqué de presse : http://www.diffuseruncommuniquedepresse.com/

          Volunteering: Alaska!        
Petersburg Marine Mammal Center Internship Opportunity - 2010


Located in Petersburg, Alaska´s Little Norway, this project takes place on Mitkof Island in the heart of the Tongass National Forest. Petersburg is also known as the Whale Research Capital of Alaska because of the many world-renown marine mammal researchers who use Petersburg as a base of operation.

PMMC is a non-profit organization formed in 1998 to assist research efforts and be a depository for information on research and sightings of marine mammals in Southeast Alaska. We have a small center located in the Viking Travel Building which is on Main Street in downtown Petersburg. The center is manned by interns during the summer months and the Board of Directors carries out the functions of PMMC year-round.

This intern program allows students the opportunity to earn college credit while learning about marine mammals and serving the public. Individuals not in a college program, but with a strong interest and good background in marine mammals are also invited to participate by showing strong professional or life goals with marine mammal interpretation. Indoor exhibits, including an interactive computer kiosk, focus on marine mammal life history and distribution. Two interns will be working at the Center staggered shifts for six days out a week where the work includes, but is not limited to:

- Staff the Center during open hours. Manage operations, sales and petty cash.

- Interpret Alaska marine mammal information for Center visitors and public.
- Assist and help coordinate where possible with researchers using center.
- Prepare/deliver Alaska marine mammal presentations to visitors and small groups.
- Facilitate community outreach and public education of Alaska marine mammals.

Project Duration


Two 8-10 week Intern positions are available beginning mid-June through August 31st.

Accommodation

The volunteer will be accommodated in Forest Service housing near the center of town, making it easy to access to the community and to the Center. The room is shared so both interns must be of the same gender.


Internship Requirements

- must be in an internship program through an accredited university or demonstrate a strong interest and background in marine mammals
- physically fit

- desire to gain skills in the environmental education field
- interested in working with visitors
- possess an interest in working on small projects for the Center
- possess a positive attitude!

Compensation

This is currently an uncompensated internship (other than the housing provided).

Application Process and Deadline

To apply please download a PDF application from our website
http://psgmmc.org

Applications deadline is February 28th, 2010 and successful applicant(s) will be notified by March 15th, 2010.

Jeff Reynolds
jeff@psgmmc.org


          The Complexity of Rubik's Cube        
In my book I use Rubik's Cube as an example of a puzzle we can computationally solve efficiently (as opposed to Sudoku or Rush Hour). How does this square with the new result of Erik Demaine, Sarah Eisenstat and Mikhail Rudoy that finding the shortest solution is NP-complete? New Scientist now proclaims It’s not you – solving a Rubik’s cube quickly is officially hard. No, it's still you.

To study the complexity of Rubik's cube we can't just fixate on the 3x3x3 cube with its finite state space but on the general NxNxN cube. (One could also generalize to 3-sided hypercubes in N dimensions but good luck constructing a 3x3x3x3x3 Rubik's cube.)  For a given mixed-up NxNxN cube we can find in polynomial time a polynomial number of steps to return the cube to the original state. A mixed-up cube is just a member of the permutation group of the 6N2 small squares and we want to find a sequence of generators (allowable rotations of the cube) that yield the mixed-up cube. Group theorists have come up with very efficient algorithms to find these sequences which we can apply in reverse to solve the cube.

Group theory does not necessarily come up with the shortest possible sequence and only in 2010 did we discover that solving the worst-case 3x3x3 cube, the so-called "God's Number", required 20 moves. A year later Demaine et. al showed that the minimum sequence for an NxNxN cube is Θ(N2/log N).

Two weeks ago Demain, Eisenstat and Rudoy posted their proof that given a fixed NxNxN cube finding the shortest sequence in NP-complete. Their proof is combinatorial, showing that solving an NxNx1 cube is NP-complete and reducing to the NxNxN cube.

So there you have it, solving a generalized Rubik's cube is easy but finding the shortest possible solution is hard. Despite Rubik's Cube achieving popularity during my nerdy high school days, I never had the patience to solve it, but that's just me.
          Who Sets Policy?        
In April the New York Times Magazine ran an article Is it O.K. to Tinker with the Environment to Fight Climate Change?  The article asks about the ethics of even running tests on such methods and has this quote froms David Battisti, an atmospheric scientist at UW.
Name a technology humans have developed that they haven't used. I can't think of any. So we can work on this for sure. But we are in this dilemma: Once we do develop this technology, it will be tempting to use it.
The article skirts the question on who makes this decision. Maybe the United Nations after some unlikely agreement among major powers. But what if the UN doesn't act and some billionaire decides to fund a project?

As computer scientists we start to face these questions as software in our hyper-connected world starts to change society in unpredictable ways. How do we balance privacy, security, usability and fairness in communications and machine learning? What about net neutrality, self-driving cars, autonomous military robots? Job disruption from automation?

We have governments to deal with these challenges. But the world seems to have lost trust in its politicians and governments don't agree. How does one set different rules across states and countries which apply to software services over the Internet?

All too often companies set these policies, at least the default policies until government steps in. Uber didn't ask permission to completely change the paid-ride business and only a few places pushed back. Google, Facebook, etc. use machine learning with abandon, until some governments try and reign them in. The Department of Defense and the NSA, in some sense industries within government, set their policies often without public debate.

What is our role as computer scientists? It's not wrong to create the technologies, but we should acknowledge the ethical questions that come with them and what we technically can and cannot do to address them. Keep people informed so the decision makers, whomever they be, at least have the right knowledge to make their choices.
          Mia is two!        
Time sure flies. Before we know it, Mia turned two this month. What does it mean for her and our household? She is taller and has overtaken me, Kess in height. But more importantly, she has started to mellow. My humans used to wonder at her incredible amount of energy. They always said that Mia doesn't gradually grow tired. She used to be hyper, hyper and then she knocks out...zzz... But now, Mia is so much calmer. She still loves to play (aka doggie sumo wrestling) and chase me or our other doggie pals. She is still as affectionate as ever. But she doesn't have that crazy high level of trouble-finding energy, for which my humans are thankful.

Happy Birthday Mia!

This is how we celebrated Mia's birthday:
A walk at our favourite country park

Playing with Ms. D, Mia's Jack Russell pal

Chilling under the sun

A steak birthday dinner

Kess and Mia - best buddies

          Comment on Get to know your campus by Melissa Yamamoto        
Thank you so much for putting together this great blog! You've provided some excellent advice. Thank you for suggesting students contact us in Student Leadership & Involvement, too. Unfortunately the hyper link provided isn't working. Here is the correct link: http://oregonstate.edu/sli/
          Hyperbole Ahoy! Rickey Reviews "Inception"        
"Inception" is at once the best movie you'll see all summer, yet the most flawed as well. The movie boasts a wildly imaginative concept that's executed to near perfection from a storytelling point of view. However, the visual tableau in which the plot moves forward falls flat in a few places. The movie's ideas are intensely cerebral, but it lacks much of the necessary presentation to compliment it. At the very least however, this is a thought provoking and fast moving flick that is definitely guaranteed to kick your brain into overdrive for two and half hours. If "The Sorcerer's Apprentice" can claim the same, we'd be more than a little shocked.

The basic overarching plot is deceptively simple: it's a heist movie. Leonardo DiCaprio and a gang of thieves dive into the mind of a powerful industrialist in order to dissolve his energy company and thereby better the welfare of his competitors and humanity as a whole (hey, why can't we do this with BP?) But the way Leo accomplishes it and the manner in which it is explained and performed cinematically is what catapults this movie on to another level entirely. The movie unfolds on a level that we, as moviegoers, haven't had the pleasure of experiencing until now.

In order to pull off the heist, DiCaprio's character Cobb recruits various specialists and then plunges head first into the dream. The underlying science behind is left intentionally unexplained, which is OK with us--this is more of a fantasy movie than a sci-fi one. Cobb's plan is to plant the suggestion to dissolve his empire in the billionaire's head by plummeting into three consecutively deeper planes of his dream state and using the target's deep rooted father issues as leverage. Things go wrong when the team arrives in the dream to discover that the target has prepared for this mental invasion by "militarizing his subconscious" (best. line. ever.) and then the rest of the flick becomes a frantic scramble spanning around multiple layers of consciousness, some scenes constrained by gravity, some not. "We have to go deep" is a common refrain throughout the film, as Cobb's tenuous grip on reality grows shakier the deeper he travels.

Three nested levels of dreaming, unfold simultaneously at different paces, with characters running around about on each level. Each level's time progresses at a different speed. Absolutely nothing like this has been put on film before. Watching it all intricately unfold, crumble, and finally synchronize up again, we can't help but assume that Nolan played his fair share of three-dimensional chess in his younger days. The heist is absolutely brilliant, it occupies two thirds of the film, and the idea alone is well worth the $10 ticket price for this movie. Words simply can't do justice to the complexity that unfolds before your eyes. The movie is a testament to what cinema can convey.

The big problem is the visual execution. The gritty urban realism that director Chris Nolan perfected in his Batman movies doesn't serve him as well in a surreal movie about dreams. More than anything else, this is a movie about big crazy ideas, and either you're willing to forego normal cinematic conventions in order to get your brain tickled for two and a half hours or you're not. Rickey was cool with it, but some of you might not be. Don't get Rickey wrong, this is a terrific movie--easily the best of the summer, but it could've been even better if it took a bit more of an artistic leap.

At one point, Rickey said to himself, "hey, this is a dream, so why don't they just grow wings and fly around?" Sure, it sounds silly at first, but think about it. We're in the dream world here, so why not venture into the realm of the fantastic? When we dream, can't most of us do a little better than dreary Chicago in the rain? Isn't there more most of us could dream up than characters chasing each other around a dimly lit hotel? To it's credit, the movie pays scattered homage to other great dreamers such as Escher and Kubrick in many shots but when it comes to the third level of the mark's subconscious, a wintry snow scene, Nolan completely dodges the obvious shout out: Hitchcock and Salvador Dali's collaboration on the ski run scene in "Spellbound." Instead, we are bombarded with a James Bond style shoot out featuring fireballs and snowmobiles. Not quite as profound...

The obvious explanation for this restrained (and arguably unimaginative) take on dreams is that asking the audience to delve even deeper into the realm of the imaginary when they're already tracking three concurrent dreamlines is pretty demanding. Warner Brothers didn't spend $200 million to completely alienate their viewership and create more of an art house flick than a summer tent pole movie. We get that. Still, Rickey was ready to make the leap with them on this one and was left wanting when the visuals didn't match the trippy ideas the film traffics in.

But these are minor issues given the overall wonderment and awe this movie provides. And then there's the film's ending, which will probably go down in history as one of the most polarizing to date. "Inception" is very much a movie that asks you to make a decision about what you've just seen. Rickey's leaving this review purposfully light on spoilers, but for people who saw it, we'd love to discuss what you thought of the film's final shot in the comments section.

                  
Probably the most comedically rewarding thing Rickey's ever done was create a faux email address and toss it up on this blog for random passers by to send him messages. And woo boy, do those messages deliver. They're an electronic smorgasbord of human confusion, angst, and gleeful perversity. Frankly, we're amazed to think that so many people think the actual Rickey Henderson not only had the wherewithal to kick start a blog, but then proceeded to use the word "loquacious" in five separate occasions in 2009.

As you'd suspect, Rickey gets a lot of requests to sign autographs, tell tall tales, and make speaking appearances at local Elks lodges. But far more entertaining are the profoundly unsettling emails. You know, the good and pervy kind. Why thank you kind sir, but Rickey being, a bit of a prude, is entirely unfamiliar with your notion of performing a "rusty trombone" on a "grizzly" and must therefore decline your kind invitation to rendezvous in the parking lot of the local Red Lobster this weekend. A good morrow to you, sir!

And finally, there are the emails threatening severe legal action. We like those the best. They make this whole blogging thing seem dangerous, kind of like zipping up one's fly too quickly! Rickey's living on the edge!

See, a while back, Rickey was scanning Fark.com and noticed a delightful post about a Red Sox scout being accused of indecent exposure. So Rickey crafted a delightful bit of satire about it involving Chris Hansen and some high stakes baseball trivia. Before posting it, Rickey sent it to his brother for his input, whose two word rapid response was "too far." So we knew we totally had to post it. And we did.

Flash forward two years. Rickey gets this mass email sent to him as well as a few other noted media outlets now informing everyone that the alleged sex offender has been cleared of all charges and that they damned well better take down the posts saying otherwise. It's not every day that your email address shows up next to the names of the editors from Pravda and the Boston Herald. So we're making the most of the experience.

Since the humorless prick who sent the email (presumably Jesse Levis, the alleged offender himself) seems hellbent on shutting down anyone who ever used his name and the phrase "sixteen year old girls" together in a single sentence, we're sad to report that this is your last chance to enjoy the blog post before we delete it forever. This Monday morning, Rickey will cast this delightful abomination into the ether. Wiped clean from the face of the earth as if it never existed. Casting aside a piece of writing like this.... It's as if Rickey's losing a piece of himself... Daisy, daisy... give me your answer do....

Ahem, anyway, this weekend, we give this post the proud viking funeral it deserves. Farewell brave little blog post. If you find yourself alone, riding in the green fields with the sun in your face, do not be troubled! For you are in Elysium, and you are already dead! Enjoy, folks. Because hyperlinks befuddle some of you, here's the full-fledged link:

http://ridingwithricky.blogspot.com/2008/03/because-pedarests-are-hilarious.html

          Hyperlink Glasses in Grey Smoke        
Hyperlink Glasses in Grey Smoke

Hyperlink Glasses in Grey Smoke

Hyperlink Glasses in Grey Smoke Frame Colour - Grey Smoke Lens Colour - Clear Lens Size - 52 Filter Category - 0 Total UV Protection


          Hyperlink Glasses in Satin Grey Smoke        
Hyperlink Glasses in Satin Grey Smoke

Hyperlink Glasses in Satin Grey Smoke

Hyperlink Glasses in Satin Grey Smoke Frame Colour - Satin Grey Smoke Lens Colour - Clear Lens Size - 52 Filter Category - 0 Total UV Protection


          Un dernier bisou avant de partir        

Cela fait plus de quatre ans que ce blog existe.

Quatre ans à réfléchir, écrire, palabrer, m'insurger.

Quatre ans bloguesques avec des rencontres formidables, des opportunités professionnelles et la concrétisation de projets d'écriture.

Dans très peu de temps, mon monde de l'éducation va tourner autour d'une toute nouvelle personne et mes priorités, déjà bien modifiées depuis quelques mois, vont prendre un tout nouveau tournant. Le blog était au ralenti depuis quelques temps mais là, il va faire une vraie pause afin que je puisse vivre pleinement une nouvelle aventure qui m'a l'air aussi éreintante que passionnante.

J'ai reçu énormément de messages adorables ces derniers temps, j'essaye de répondre à tout le monde mais Chronos n'est pas toujours mon allié...

J'en profite aussi pour répondre ici à quelques commentaires ou mails de personnes se disant choquées, ou n'ayant absolument pas compris ma démarche.
"C'est quoi cette prof qui parle comme ça et qui crache sur les élèves ? C'est trop choquant, hallucinant..."
Je rappelle donc, à toutes fins utiles, que ce blog est un exutoire, une création littéraire basée sur des faits réels ; cependant, afin de ne pas juste faire un listing factuel de trucs choupi et de trucs qui rendent amer ou révolté, ce blog est un exercice de style où OUI le ton employé est trash, basé sur l'hyperbole et le cynisme. Il n'est pas usuel d'entendre un enseignant s'exprimer de cette manière, effectivement, mais encore une fois, il s'agit d'un choix stylistique et absolument pas d'une volonté de "cracher" gratuitement.
Ce blog n'a strictement rien à voir avec ma manière d'enseigner ou mon rapport aux élèves. NON, je n'insulte pas mes élèves, ni leur manque de respect en classe. Je ne suis pas débile et je me considère, au contraire, extrêmement investie, bienveillante et pratiquant une empathie parfois douloureuse. NON, je n'insulte pas mes élèves, ni ne leur manque de respect sur ce blog dans la mesure où je parle davantage de portraits d'élèves, de types d'élèves que mes collègues et moi-même croisons tous les jours. Il s'agit d'un défouloir personnel que je partage avec mes lecteurs, beaucoup sont enseignants, d'autres simplement amusés et intéressés par les questions d'instruction et d'éducation.
Je l'ai déjà dit maintes fois... Si j'étais une saleté de fonctionnaire feignasse désintéressée des élèves, aurais-je passé autant de temps depuis quatre ans à écrire sur mon métier que je trouve fabuleux mais malheureusement sur le déclin pour tout un tas de raisons qui engendrent polémiques et sujets tabou ?

Bref, petite pause dans une bulle de love et de Bisounours aux couches pleines en espérant que ma nouvelle condition ne me fasse pas tomber dans une niaiserie mielleuse.

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Nan, j'pense que ma niaiserie ne sera pas sans rebond cynique. Rassurons-nous.




Des bisouuuuuuuuus ♥


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          Mais jusqu'où ça va aller toutes ces conneries ? PART ONE        

Période d'hibernation, fruit sans aucun doute d'une certaine lassitude.

Lorsque je commence à écrire un article, j'ai l'impression de ressasser l'évidence, éberluée de certaines décisions des hautes sphères, atterrée par certaines méthodes d'éducation, alarmée par le niveau de certains élèves... Alors, je me tais pour ne pas passer pour la-prof-aigrie-alors-qu'elle-n'enseigne-que-depuis-sept-ans-cette-feignasse.

Je rêve d'un bahut où la cohérence et la communication régneraient. Où la courtoisie et l'échange constructif remplaceraient l'agressivité permanente et la critique insultante.

Je rêve d'enseigner à des collégiens élevés dans l'idée que le respect et la bienveillance sont la base de tout.

Je ne vous cache pas que j'attends impatiemment le mois de mai :

  • parce que le muguet c'est choupi
  • parce qu'il fait beau et qu'on peut mettre des ballerines et des robes plus légères
  • parce que peut-être Sarkozy quittera l'Élysée et la vie politique.

Comme vous le savez, je ne partage pas les idées de la Droite, je ne suis pas particulièrement émerveillée par le parcours de la Gauche non plus. Mais lorsque je vois en cinq ans le mal que Nicolas Sarkozy a fait à l'Éducation Nationale, je me demande comment un enseignant peut sérieusement envisager de voter pour lui. Même si ça me paraît toujours un peu obscur, je peux comprendre que l'on puisse voter à droite... mais voter Sarkozy... euh...nan. Ça, j'ai vraiment du mal à le concevoir.



Cette semaine, deux choses m'ont donné envie de chialer et de hurler dans un oreiller.

Cette engeance que représente le téléphone portable au collège

Je suis accro à mon iPhone. Je l'assume et l'admets pleinement. Mon côté geek est comblé par ce petit bijou de technologie et d'esthétisme, je surkiffe plein d'applications futiles et même parfois utiles, et j'hyperventile lorsque je suis en-dessous de 30% de batterie.
Mon iPhone me sert à quasiment tout (il manque tout de même l'option gaufrier en forme d'Hello Kitty! que j'espère voir apparaître pour l'iPhone 7S) : je prends des notes, je joue, j'écoute les infos, de la musique, je mate des vidéos, je planifie, je prends des photos, je consulte le plan du métro, je réserve un train, j'envoie des mails, je like les photos de chatons trop mignons sur Facebook, j'apprends plein de trucs, je mate des tableaux du Louvre parce que je n'étais plus sûre que La Mort de Sardanapale était bien une oeuvre d'Eugène Delacroix, j'écoute Pierre Bénichou imiter Claude François, j'envoie des milliers de sms aux gens que j'aime et parfois même, je les appelle ;)
En revanche, lorsque je suis en classe, mon portable est au fond de mon sac et je contiens mon irrésistible envie de checker le sms que Poppy vient de m'envoyer, parce que faut pas déconner : je suis en cours, je suis en train de travailler et mon côté psychopathe de l'iPhone doit s'effacer pour laisser place à une enseignante équilibrée et 100% investie avec 27 marmots assoiffés d'apprendre.
Je parviens à le faire sans aucun souci parce que je suis une adulte, parce que j'ai la maturité et le respect suffisants pour comprendre que mon addiction à mon iPhone ne doit pas prendre le pas sur mon taf et que bordel, c'est bien de rationaliser un peu et de déconnecter parce que putain, on s'est bien fait bouffer par les nouvelles technologies (dixit la meuf qui a un blog et qui lorgne méchamment sur l'iPad 3)
Cette maturité que mes 25 ans et 6 ans d'expérience m'offrent ne concerne malheureusement pas les ados entre 11 et 15 ans, pour la plupart, incapables de réfréner leur envie de jouer avec leur portable.
Dans mon bahut, une écrasante majorité d'élèves possède un téléphone portable et une bonne partie de cette écrasante majorité possède un smartphone.
Il subsiste, fort heureusement, quelques irréductibles parents qui ne voient pas bien l'intérêt d'offrir un smartphone à leur rejeton et qui résistent encore et toujours à l'envahisseur aka la pression sociale "ouais, mais tous mes copains, ils ont un portable, alors c'est trop injuste et même que j'ai vraiment l'air d'un con et du coup je vais être rejeté et isolé et je tomberai en dépression et saboterai toute ma scolarité PAR VOTRE FAUTE"

C'est ainsi que Donovan est tout fier de clamer qu'il a un portable depuis l'âge de quatre ans :-| Et sa maman de confirmer : "Ohhh, ça lui faisait tellement plaisir et puis c'était marrant de le voir nous imiter"... Ouais, bah, il aurait très bien pu vous imiter avec un téléphone en plastoc Fisher Price.
C'est ainsi que beaucoup d'élèves passent leurs récrés vissés à leur téléphone à envoyer des sms à leur pote qui se trouve à environ 2m50, à prendre des photos de Jessie qui tire la langue, de Margaux et Kévin qui se roulent des pelles, de Maryne, Aurély et Noémy qui font des gros coeurs avec leurs mains.
C'est ainsi que beaucoup de portables sonnent inopinément en classe parce que le manque de maturité, de réflexion et de politesse élémentaire les empêchent de penser à éteindre leurs téléphones.
C'est ainsi que Mélody, Charlaine ou Jordan prennent des photos dans le cours d'histoire ou envoient des sms à leur pote Arnold, exclu en salle de sperm'.
C'est ainsi que lorsque Leslie est envoyée au coin, elle sort discrètement son iPhone pour jouer à "Angry Birds"...

Petit à petit, le portable est devenu un véritable problème au sein des bahuts. Cacophonie, manque d'attention et de concentration, usage abusif, photos prises à l'insu d'enseignants ou d'autres élèves... Il était devenu urgent de légiférer sur le sujet car le règlement intérieur demeurait flou et source de malentendus.

Article L511-5
Créé par LOI n° 2010-788 du 12 juillet 2010 - art. 183 (V)
Dans les écoles maternelles, les écoles élémentaires et les collèges, l'utilisation durant toute activité d'enseignement et dans les lieux prévus par le règlement intérieur, par un élève, d'un téléphone mobile est interdite.

La possession d'un téléphone portable est donc autorisée mais celui-ci doit donc resté au fond du sac, ÉTEINT afin d'éviter toute tentation et tout problème.

Le problème concerne la conduite à tenir lorsqu'un élève outrepasse les règles et utilise son téléphone en classe, dans les couloirs, à la cantine ou dans la cour de récréation.

L'un des réflexes est de confisquer le téléphone, objet du délit afin d'éviter toute récidive et afin de marquer le coup et de montrer que l'école n'est pas une zone de non-droit et que c'est l'adulte qui fait figure d'autorité.
Sauf que la loi est extrêmement floue à ce sujet.
Officiellement, la confiscation d'un objet ne peut se faire que s'il s'agit d'une mesure de sûreté ou d'une sanction disciplinaire. Il est donc manifeste que la confiscation d'un téléphone ne s'apparente à aucune de ces mesures. De plus, des élèves et des parents lourdingues ont même été jusqu'à clamer que la confiscation du portable est la soustraction frauduleuse de la chose d'autrui aka DU VOL :-| (article 311-1 du code pénal).
Et en même temps, les textes annoncent vaguement que l'on ne peut tenir la confiscation d'un téléphone portable pour absolument illégale.

Bref, tout le monde a un peu raison et tout le monde a un peu tort.

Les bahuts s'adaptent, font à leur sauce, essayant de faire au mieux, réglant au cas par cas ce genre d'incidents.
Dans certains collèges, impossible de confisquer un portable de peur que les parents procéduriers débarquent en gueulant, oubliant qu'à la base c'est leur enfant, le fautif. Dans d'autres collèges, confiscation systématique en cas d'usage du portable mais l'objet du délit est rendu à l'élève en fin de journée. Certaines écoles confisquent le téléphone jusqu'à ce que la famille se déplace pour le récupérer...

Il est plus que temps de définir les conditions préalables de la confiscation et celles de la conservation dudit téléphone.

Voici comment je vois les choses :

1. Le téléphone portable de Steeven sonne en classe.
Steeven devient tout rouge, farfouille maladroitement dans son sac, éteint son téléphone et s'excuse platement. Il a oublié de l'éteindre, il s'en veut de son oubli et promet que cela n'arrivera plus.
Je fais les gros yeux, je rappelle à toute la classe que c'est quand même ballot de risquer d'être sanctionné parce qu'on a oublié d'appuyer sur une simple touche et je continue mon cours. Je garde Steeven à la fin de l'heure pour bien lui ré-expliquer qu'on a le droit à l'erreur mais que le but est, bien évidemment, de ne pas recommencer. J'écris un petit mot dans le carnet de liaison, informant la famille de Steeven que le portable de leur fils a sonné en plein cours, qu'il s'est excusé et engagé à faire davantage attention et que l'affaire était classée. La confiscation ne me semble pas justifiée car il s'agit d'un oubli involontaire et Steeven ne s'est pas montré contestataire ou insolent. Il sait qu'il a fait une connerie, s'en excuse et basta.

2. Le téléphone portable de Willy sonne en classe.
Willy se marre. Je fais mon petit speech mais demande à Willy de mettre immédiatement son carnet de liaison sur mon bureau. Son repentir n'est pas flagrant. Je continue mon cours et 10 minutes plus tard, le portable de Willy sonne de nouveau. Nous ne sommes plus dans l'oubli involontaire mais dans la provocation. Je demande à Willy d'éteindre son portable et de le déposer sur mon bureau.
S'il obtempère sans rechigner, je le garde à la fin de l'heure, inscris un mot dans son carnet et tente d'obtenir de sa part des excuses clairement formulées et son engagement à ne pas recommencer. Si Willy s'écrase, comprenant enfin qu'il a abusé et fait son gros malin et si son casier judiciaire d'élève perturbateur n'est pas affligeant, je lui rends son téléphone. Si Willy se montre insolent, désinvolte ou me fait clairement comprendre qu'il n'en a rien à carrer de mes remontrances, je conserve le téléphone que je remets à la Vie scolaire ou au Principal qui mettront le téléphone en lieu sûr (coffre-fort...). J'appelle ensuite la famille pour leur faire part de l'incident. La famille devra se déplacer pour récupérer le téléphone dès que possible.
Si Willy refuse de déposer son portable sur mon bureau, je demande à la vie scolaire de le prendre en charge. Il est exclu du cours, un rapport sera rédigé et sa famille sera contactée afin de récupérer le portable si Willy a daigné le sortir de sa poche. En cas de refus ostentatoire assorti d'insolence voire de menaces, la BPDJ (Brigade de Prévention de la Délinquance Juvénile) sera contactée afin de faire un rappel à la loi à l'élève ainsi qu'à sa famille.

3. Je surprends Jenny-Joy en train d'envoyer un sms ou de prendre une photo en plein cours.
Je demande à Jenny-Joy d'effacer immédiatement la ou les photos, d'éteindre son portable et de déposer, sur mon bureau, son téléphone ainsi que son carnet de liaison. Si Jenny-Joy obtempère : mot dans le carnet + éventuellement coup de fil aux parents + petit sermon communicationnel dans le but qu'elle verbalise son erreur et s'engage à mieux se comporter. Si Jenny-Joy est une élève d'ordinaire agréable et respectueuse, je peux jouer la carte "droit à l'erreur slash joker" lui expliquant que je veux bien lui rendre son téléphone à la condition sine qua non qu'il s'agisse du seul et unique incident dans ce domaine. Si Jenny-Joy est une peste de premier ordre, je remets le téléphone à la vie scolaire ou au Principal qui mettront le téléphone en lieu sûr. Sa famille devra se déplacer pour récupérer le smartphone de leur progéniture dans la mesure où le propriétaire légal est celui qui a souscrit l'abonnement et qui paye le forfait aka pas l'élève donc. En cas de photo ou vidéo combo. attitude insolente de Jenny-Joy, la BPDJ pourra être amenée à faire un petit rappel à loi.

Il faut que nous ayons le pouvoir de confisquer l'objet, ça me paraît évident et logique. Il faut également arrêter avec ce discours hallucinant de certains parents qui hurlent au vol et qui nous soupçonnent de niquer le forfait bloqué de leur rejeton en appelant dans les DOM-TOM.
Il faut qu'apparaisse clairement dans le règlement intérieur la procédure de confiscation de l'objet ambiance "nouvelle technologie" (téléphone, console de jeux...). La décision de confiscation appartient à l'adulte selon la situation et l'attitude polie ou insolente de l'élève. Le téléphone portable doit être ÉTEINT au sein de l'établissement afin d'éviter tout problème. Lorsqu'il est juste sur "silencieux" il y a souvent des interférences lorsque l'on utilise un lecteur CD par exemple, ce qui est auditivement pénible.

Compte-tenu des abus, il serait presque souhaitable que le téléphone portable soit purement et simplement interdit dans les établissements scolaires. L'addiction de certains élèves est devenue tellement forte qu'elle en est vraiment inquiétante.
Pas mal de parents offrent un portable à leur enfant pour lui faire plaisir mais aussi pour se rassurer. L'enfant peut les joindre en cas de problème et inversement. Le trajet en car et les 300 mètres séparant le collège de la maison sont moins une source d'angoisse pour des parents qui oublient que la peur n'évite pas le danger.
Depuis plusieurs années, nous avons maille à partir avec certaines familles qui souhaitent pouvoir joindre leur enfant à n'importe quel moment, y compris en plein cours. Pour faire un petit coucou. Pour savoir si ça va bien. Pour savoir s'il finit bien à 16h. Pour savoir ce qu'il veut manger ce soir. Pour savoir s'il a bien pris le chèque pour la cantine. Pour faire un bisou et papoter un peu.
Que le chemin qui mène à l'école ou à la maison soit source d'inquiétude. Soit. Mais il ne faut pas tomber non plus dans une parano de dingue. Il ne faut pas vivre dans la terreur de l'enlèvement, de l'agression et du viol et surtout transmettre ses craintes à l'enfant. En revanche, dans l'établissement, l'élève est encadré et protégé. En cas de souci, la famille sera immédiatement prévenue et inversement, elle peut prévenir le collège s'il y a une urgence.
Malheureusement, nous avons des parents qui répètent à qui veut l'entendre "On n'en a rien à foutre du collège. Je n'appelle jamais le collège, je veux parler directement à mon enfant".

Bref, il est plus que temps d'établir noir sur blanc des règles précises auxquelles les élèves et leurs familles devront se plier car ce bordel 2.0 devient réellement source de conflits et de tensions.

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Le deuxième truc qui m'a grave horripilée ma race sera développé dans un prochain article publié genre très bientôt :-)


          Tiens, je dis du bien d'une initiative du gouvernement...        

La semaine dernière, il s'est passé deux choses importantes :

  • Le gouvernement a lancé une campagne de sensibilisation concernant le harcèlement à l'école.
  • Mickaël Vendetta a palabré sur ses ambitions politiques.





Cette vidéo m'a fait la semaine. Apprendre que Vendetta fait du "cotchingue" et me délecter de ses fautes de français "si je me serais présenté" et de ses approximations syntaxiques et culturelles aussi consternantes qu'hilarantes "liberté, égalité... solidarité"... En même temps, il serait temps d'oublier complètement ce mec et arrêter de lui faire de la pub (même mauvaise)... aka ce que je suis actuellement en train de faire :-D

Bref, les jours où tu ne te sens pas intellectuellement au top, mater une vidéo de VendetTA-GUEULE permettra de rebooster ton égo (et ton nihilisme).

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J'ajoute que Vendetta vient d'offrir à la gauche un nombre incalculable de voix en clamant qu'il partirait s'installer à Los Angeles si François Hollande était élu en mai 2012.


Un harcèlement médiatique n'arrivant jamais seul, le concerto en laminaire qui squatte les news de ces dernières semaines fut ponctué par cette annonce qui devrait sacrément effrayer tout parent normalement constitué :
"UN ÉLÈVE SUR DIX EST VICTIME DE HARCÈLEMENT"

Pour ceux qui me pratiquent depuis un bon moment, vous connaissez ma propension à être quasi-systématiquement en profond désaccord avec la politique du gouvernement actuel, particulièrement lorsqu'il s'agit d'éducation...
Et bien là, les p'tits loups, je tiens à dire que je trouve cette campagne pertinente et plutôt bien foutue sur de nombreux points (rassurez-vous, je pinaillerai quand même) (faut pas déconner non plus hein)

"Madaaaaaaaaaame y a Djézonne qui a dit que j'étais rien qu'une pute et il m'a dit "Ta gueule" et il m'a dit que j'étais aussi une salope"
"Madaaaaaaame, y a Mélinda qui a poussé Clara dans l'escalier et même qu'elle lui a fait une béquille"

Pas une journée sans que j'entende les récriminations et doléances des élèves. Si certains confondent mon bureau avec Vichy, d'autres viennent sincèrement confier leurs angoisses tandis que d'autres tentent de taire le plus possible les escarmouches et vindictes qu'ils subissent dans l'enceinte de l'établissement.

La polémique : Ouhhhhhhhhhhhhh en période de campagne électorale, on instaure la sacro-sainte question épineuse de l'insécurité, y compris dans les écoles. On diabolise la cour de récré et on transforme des bagarres enfantines et infantiles en déclencheurs de dépressions et tentatives de suicide...

Et bien oui.

Il n'y a pas de polémique à savamment disséminer pour faire du buzz et de l'audience.
OUI, des enfants souffrent à l'école.
Mais, NON, ils ne vont pas tous se suicider avec leur compas et un sachet de catalgine périmé.

Voici les trois vidéos de la campagne. Je les trouve justes et bien foutues, même si j'aurais kiffé qu'il y ait une vidéo avec des collégiens, histoire que l'identification soit plus complète. Je pense très sincèrement que c'est au collège que les élèves morflent le plus.







Sur le site "agir contre le harcèlement", on trouve également des tests pour les enseignants, les parents d'élèves et les élèves afin qu'ils sachent où ils en sont sur la question du harcèlement à l'école. En sont-ils conscients ? Sont-ils bien informés ? Ont-ils les bons réflexes ?
Bon bah, ces quiz sont juste nazes :-/ très simplistes, enfonçant des portes ouvertes...
J'ai donc remasterisé ces petits tests pour mes choupis de 6ème because on avait vie de classe.

La Vie de Classe pour les nuls néophytes :
Une fois tous les 15 jours, le prof principal retrouve sa classe pour faire des trucs fun comme :

  • vérifier les carnets et gueuler parce que Miguelito s'est chopé 4 mots en trois jours et n'a montré son carnet ni à son P.P vénéré, ni à ses parents.
  • distribuer une paperasse de folie que tu mettras des plombes à récupérer entre ceux qui auront paumé le papelard, ceux qui l'auront collé dans leur cahier de maths sans-faire-exprès-madame et ceux qui estiment qu'il faut au moins 72h pour pouvoir lire 8 lignes à propos du port obligatoire du bonnet à la piscine, dater et signer.
  • écouter les doléances de chacun : "c'est trop dégueu à la cantine, on veut du kebab sauce samouraï" / "Y a Kévyn en 3ème qui arrête pas de me mettre des claques et même qu'il me cogne contre mon casier" / "Y a Laëtitia, ben je lui avais dit un secret et cette sale pute, elle a tout répété à Margot qui du coup l'a dit à Tiphaine et même que maintenant tout le monde sait que j'ai des verrues !" / "Y a Aleksi qui veut pas me laisser jouer au Baby à la récré, il me file des coups l'enfoiré" / "Madaaaaame, est-ce que je passe en 5ème ou je redouble ?! c'est mes parents qui veulent savoir pour savoir s'ils m'offrent la kinect maintenant ou pas".
  • rappeler que effectivement, le collège est pire qu'une prison car il y est interdit de cracher et de se sodomiser dans les douches et qu'effectivement (bis), le fait de refuser participer aux activités en EPS est passible d'un mot dans le carnet et d'un coup de fil aux parents.
  • parler de sujets de société comme les dangers du jeu du foulard ou l'absurdité de la nouvelle carte Sephora Gold.

Digression VITALE sur la nouvelle carte Sephora SéphoRAT Gold, la plus grande aberration après le collège unique :

La semaine dernière, je reçois ma nouvelle carte Gold SephoRAT (GOLD pour les couilles en or que cette entreprise se fait grâce à la faiblesse et à la futilité de gens comme moi qui s'extasient devant un fard Urban Decay ou la beauté de la Minaudière Garden Clutch de Dior).
Alors, concrètement, crise rime avec crevardise dans la mesure où l'on t'annonce sans ambages que si tu veux garder ta carte Gold et profiter de tes avantages de folie dignes des goodies offerts au Plaza Athénée, va falloir que tu raques au minimum 700€ sinon on te recolle dans la catégorie "Black" aka les bas-fonds du luxe.
Quant à ces avantages de folie...

  • un cadeau de 30€ pour ton anniv (30€ quand t'en as dépensé 1500 dans l'année... apparemment, chez Sephora, on a zappé l'U.V sur la proportionnalité...) et ATTENTION, tu ne peux pas prendre un truc à 32€ (genre la poudre Flawless de Benefit qui est merveilleuse) et payer les 2€ de différence... De plus, certaines boutiques, pas très habituées à voir des cartes Gold débarquer, pinaillent quand tu veux prendre plusieurs produits pour atteindre 30€...
  • Un maquillage gratuit par mois... je n'ai pas eu de chance, les trois fois où j'ai tenté l'expérience, je me suis démaquillée cash en ressortant car apparemment, on me confondait avec un travelo ou Régine (ce qui revient au même)
  • Tous les 1000 points (donc 1000€), on t'offre un MAGNIFIQUE cadeau genre un parapluie siglé Sephora :-| ou une pochette en plastique :-| ou d'autres trucs qui finiront au fond de ton armoire ou en cadeau-à-l'arrache-pour-ta-nièce-de-11-ans-parce-que-t'as-oublié-son-anniv-en-même-temps-quelle-idée-de-naître-un-1er-janvier.
  • Le choix des échantillons lors du passage en caisse ou sur le site Sephora... Sauf que lorsque tu demandes telle crème... bah 9 fois sur 10, ils ne l'ont pas... et lorsque tu choisis trois échantillons pour ta commande internet (avec frais de port gratuits, enfin un VRAI avantage choupi) genre un nouveau truc "By Terry", une crème "Dior" et un shampooing Fekkai... tu reçois trois échantillons de parfum que tu as déjà en 12 000 exemplaires et dont t'as rien à secouer parce que ce que tu souhaitais n'est bien évidemment plus en stock. Bien évidemment.

Bref, gros foutage de gueule de la part de SephoRAT qui ferait bien de retravailler ses stratégies marketing...

Mais revenons-en à ma vie de classe avec les loupiots.
Je leur distribue le test sans trop leur expliquer le thème principal afin qu'ils le déduisent eux-même grâce au principe d'inférence (je suis une pédagogue de folie)

Princesse Soso : "Bon... vous lisez silencieusement les questions et vous cochez une seule réponse par question. La réponse qui vous correspond le plus. Quand vous avez fini, vous avez en bas de la page, un petit tableau simplissime pour calculer votre score. Il n'y a pas de bon ou de mauvais score. Il y a juste VOS réponses et votre manière d'appréhender le thème dont nous allons parler ensuite. Tout le monde a compris ?"
Les loupiots : "OUIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII !!!"
Princesse Soso : "Ok, c'est parti, on fait le point dans 7/8 minutes !"
Trente secondes plus tard...
Félix : "Madaaaaaaaaaaaaame, on peut mettre plusieurs réponses ?"
Princesse Soso : "STOOOOOOOOOOOP ! Tout le monde pose son stylo et écoute histoire que je ne répète pas 46 fois la même chose. UNE SEULE réponse par question. Vous pouvez cocher, entourer, souligner... peu me chaut. OUI, vous pouvez cocher, entourer, souligner en rouge, violet, orange parfum pêche ou avec un fluo, peu me chaut également. Vous pouvez commencer par la question que vous voulez, peu me chaut, tant que vous les faites toutes. C'est un travail PERSONNEL donc on ne demande pas à son voisin ce qu'il a mis à la question 4."
Enzo : "ça, ça vous chaudra si on copie ?"
Princesse Soso : :-|

Après avoir engueulé et décapité les SEPT élèves qui m'ont demandé, en vrac : si c'était noté, si on pouvait écrire en rose, si on pouvait surligner avec un stabilo, si ça durait toute l'heure et si on pouvait commencer par la question qu'on voulait, nous avons fait une petite mise en commun, checké les scores et abordé le sujet "mais-de-quoi-qu'on-cause-exactement" ?

Les loupiots ont bien compris où je voulais en venir...
Laury : "On n'a pas le droit de dire GROS LARD à Steeven même s'il est gros. C'est méchant et c'est bien connu que y a que la vérité qui blesse."
Mélissa : "C'est nul de donner des claques pour rire. Moi quand mon père il m'en donne, je ne rigole pas du tout surtout quand il s'enferme dans le placard, tout nu, avec moi ensuite".
Estéban : "On n'a pas le droit de mettre des insultes sur Facebook. Même que Logan, il a dit sur Facebook que ma mère c'était trop une truie qui suce, je peux aller porter en plainte et Logan ira en prison et on sera tous bien vengés."
Vanessa : "Quand Tiphaine raconte que Coraline, elle couche avec des grands de troisième, c'est des rumeurs et c'est interdit car ça peut lui faire du mal à l'intérieur."

Ils ont kiffé les vidéos, tout le monde a dit que c'était trop dégueulasse de faire du mal et que si le monde entier était gentil et honnête, on n'aurait plus besoin d'armée, de juges ou de police...
Certains élèves ont quand même dit que c'était chaud de balancer parfois car du coup, ils devenaient de sales petits rapporteurs et même qu'après, il y avait des représailles des gougnafiers.
On a tous dit STOP au bullying (car nos amis outre-manche sont hyper forts en campagne contre le harcèlement et même que là-bas, ça ne rigole pas) et on est allé en récréation pour propager la bonne parole.

J'étais en train de checker le site de La Fée Maraboutée lorsqu'on m'a avertie que Charlyne était en train de pleurer sa race.
Je retrouve une Charlyne toute mouillée de pluie et de larmes qui m'explique entre deux sanglots que Jordan et Vanessa l'ont forcée à laper une flaque d'eau dans la cour.
:-|
Ces mêmes Vanessa et Jordan qui s'étaient émus des vidéos sur le harcèlement, expliquant combien c'est nul d'embêter les copains, surtout quand le-dit copain pleure ou saigne.
:-|

Je leur ai demandé s'ils se foutraient pas un peu de ma gueule, par hasard.
Ils m'ont dit que non.
Je leur ai dit que je ne les croyais pas.
Vanessa m'a dit "oh mais c'était pour rire".
J'ai pris leurs carnets POUR RIRE.
Ils ne rigolaient plus du tout.
Jordan m'a dit que "c'est pas grave madame, on lui a pas fait mal"
J'ai alors commencé à pousser du doigt Jordan en lui disant "eh Jordan, ça va ?"-"eh Jordan, ça va ?"-"eh Jordan, ça va ?"-"eh Jordan, ça va ?"-"eh Jordan, ça va ?" tout en le poussant de plus en plus vite vers le mur.
Surpris et inquiet, Jordan a fondu en larmes.
"Mais enfin Jordan, c'est pas grave, je ne t'ai pas fait mal :-) "
Jordan m'a demandé si je me foutrais pas un peu de sa gueule, par hasard.
Je lui ai dit que oui.

ANECDOTE-BONUS :

Lorsque j'étais en CE1, j'avais un an d'avance, des boucles blondes et j'étais grave choupi-bisounours car j'avais une trousse jaune avec un petit lapin Miffy qui faisait de la moto et même que je kiffais carrément faire des dictées. La maîtresse me regardait avec des yeux en forme de coeur surtout lorsque j'expliquais pourquoi "Le Dernier Métro" de Truffaut était mon film préféré.
Lorsque j'étais en CE1, il y avait Virginie S.
Virginie S. avait deux ans de retard (OUI, deux ans de retard en CE1, nous avons affaire à une championne) donc nous avions trois ans d'écart (puisque j'avais un an d'avance) (tout le monde suit ?)
Virginie S. avait donc 9 ans quand j'en avais juste 6.
Virginie S. aimait bien me tirer les cheveux et me donner des claques dans les toilettes et même qu'elle me forçait à me mettre à 4 pattes et à aboyer. Et même qu'elle aimait bien claquer sa règle en plastique de trente centimètres contre ma joue.
Virginie S. me disait que j'étais petite, que j'étais un bébé et qu'elle avait le droit de me taper quand elle le voulait.
Virginie S. faisait un bon mètre quarante-cinq... je me sentais tel un microbe avec mon mètre vingt...
J'en ai parlé à la maîtresse qui a disputé Virginie S. qui n'a pas arrêté pour autant. J'en ai parlé à ma maman qui est allée choper Virginie S. à la sortie de l'école pour lui dire, en substance, que si jamais elle s'avisait de torturer la chair de sa chair encore une fois,elle n'hésiterait pas à lui défoncer sa sale petite gueule.

Ma maman > la maîtresse


          Pitié, en mai 2012, faut pas que sarko-mence...        

Je ne peux pas résister, je m'engouffre dans la brèche... et je viens gueuler comme une pute un putois en ce week-end où la tempête dehors fait écho à ce qu'il se déroule en mon for Boyard intérieur...

Semaine riche pour l'éducation nationale... Entre Dukan et ses idées qui sont aussi brillantes que le carnet de notes d'un candidat des Anges de la Télé-Réalité et entre cette prime spéciale E-CLAIR promise depuis des mois et dont on n'a toujours pas vu la couleur, j'ai l'impression qu'on se fout bien de notre gueule en ce moment.

Genièvre sur la choucroute, lors d'une petite intervention au Futuroscope de Poitiers (là où il y a ce super restau ambiance cuisine moléculaire "Le Cristal") Sarkozy nous a balancé dans la tronche : "Je veux le dire comme je le pense : imaginer la recréation de postes dans l'Education nationale, c'est irresponsable, compte tenu de la situation financière de notre pays".

:-|

Et histoire de vraiment bien créer la polémique dont découleront des dissensions ambiance "ouhhh mais il est fou ce SALE MEC" (prendre la voix de François Hollande qui n'a JAMAIS été rudoyé par l'UMP, même quand Luc Châtel a dit qu'il n'était qu'un Babar qui endormait les enfants) slash "Les profs, ces feignasses qui refusent tout changement", il a proposé que les enseignants acceptent d'être plus présents dans les établissements.

:-|

Alors OK, c'est la crise.

Alors OK, faut que chacun mette du sien pour ne pas que la France devienne un bidonville où cannibalisme et scorbut seraient les deux mamelles de la naFion.

Alors OK, y a dans le tas, des profs feignasses qui en foutent pas lourd et qui pourraient se sortir un peu les doigts du cul afin que l'opprobre ne soit pas constamment jetée sur cette belle corporaFion.

MAIS FAUDRAIT PAS NON PLUS POUSSER MÉMÉ DANS LES ORTIES.

Des compromis, des sacrifices... les profs ne font QUE ça depuis de nombreuses années. Les effectifs de plus en plus lourds, l'hétérogénéité qui se creuse de plus en plus avec le collège unique qui demande des AALC (Aménagement À La Con) et avec une certaine génération mutante qui a un léger problème de curiosité intellectuelle et de concentraFion.

La création de postes est VITALE sinon l'école va devenir une vaste garderie où quelques élèves parviendront à choper des bribes d'informations.
Et je ne déconne pas.

Je meurs de Sarko qui dit que ouais, faut modifier les modalités du collège unique histoire d'en niquer les quelques dysfonctionnements : "assumer la diversité des parcours en 4e et 3e, il n'est pas normal que le collège actuel prépare exclusivement à l'enseignement général".

Ouais, bah si on va par là Nico, y a d'autres trucs qui ne sont pas normaux hein.

Effectivement, il faut repenser l'orientation, valoriser les filières professionnelles et tutti quanti mais pour ça, faudrait commencer par, à la base, pas trop dégoûter de l'école les gamins qui pour des raisons diverses et variées (problèmes cognitifs, paresse congénitale, parents négligents, lenteur innée...) se retrouvent à la ramasse, ne se sentent pas suffisamment encadrés et encouragés... Pour ça, pas de secret... puisqu'on peut difficilement ré-éduquer les parents, il faut des classes ADAPTÉES aux différents profils. Ça ne veut pas dire faire des groupes de niveaux de folie (élitisme vs. ghetto). Juste ajouter un peu d'homogénéité dans cette hétérogénéité chaotique. La pédagogie différenciée (aka proposer différentes activités autour d'un même projet/but, au sein d'une même classe en prenant en compte les besoins et difficultés de chacun) c'est choupi à condition d'avoir un groupe plus réduit histoire de ne pas brasser de l'air pour rien en courant entre chaque groupe pour vérifier que tout est compris et que tout le monde est plus ou moins en train de bosser.

Quant à ce merveilleux concept de faire bosser davantage les enseignants...

SOUPIR

Cette année, j'ai 7 classes, deux heures supp' dont je ne veux pas (y en a une t'as pas le choix et l'autre bah ça foutait trop la merde de la refuser, la culpabilité toussa toussa), et un atelier d'une heure le soir. Je suis 21 heures par semaine devant les élèves. Ouais SEULEMENT 21 heures.
Et encore une fois par pitié, ne réduisez pas le boulot des profs juste au taux horaire de présence devant les monstres apprenants. Et n'imaginez pas que les profs font sans cesse les mêmes cours, ne se renouvelant que tous les 8 ans en moyenne.
Préparations de cours, corrections, rendez-vous avec les élèves, leurs parents, réunions avec l'administration, avec les collègues, avec les écoles primaires, avec les lycées partenaires, avec le médecin scolaire, le conseiller d'orientation...

Je suis au bahut les lundis et vendredis de 7h40 à 17h10, les mardis de 7h40 à 15h10 et les jeudis de 7h40 à 18h30.

Je ne vois pas très bien comment je pourrais être plus présente dans l'établissement (ah si, je pourrais venir le mercredi mais du coup ça m'empêcherait de (re)voir les diffusions d'"Une Famille Formidable") (genre le truc impossible à envisager) (Jacques et Catherine Beaumont quoi) (qui m'ont, par ailleurs, je ne vous le cache pas, un peu déçue avec la pub pour une convention obsèques) (mais je les aime quand même hein)

Sachant que lorsque je ne suis pas en train de dire à Jordan que les adjectifs sont invariables ou à Mendy qu'elle ferait mieux de venir au tableau sans chouiner à moins qu'elle n'ait envie d'écoper du combo mot + punition, un duo qui fait toujours son petit effet, je ne suis malheureusement pas en train de me faire masser dans le SPA du collège.

Lorsque j'ai une heure de trou, je suis au choix :

  • en train de maudire la photocopieuse qui laisse une bande noire sur les polycopiés.
  • en train de créer et d'imprimer des feuilles d'activités, des exercices, des évals...
  • en train d'expliquer à Kévyan que dire à Esteban "sale bâtard de sa race de pute tellement t'es laid, tu ressembles à un mort, je vais te crever sale enculé" n'est pas une preuve d'amitié taillée dans le roc.
  • en train de parler du PAI ou PPS d'élèves dyslexiques/dyscalculiques/dyspraxiques/hyperactifs/semi-aveugles/semi-sourds/avec un retard mental avéré mais-plutôt-crever-que-de-lui-trouver-une-classe-adaptée-hein-de-toute-façon-y-a-pas-de-place-on-va-se-débrouiller-même-s'il-bave.
  • en train de téléphoner ou de rencontrer des parents pour les féliciter/les conseiller/les informer...
  • en train de monter une vidéo avec Adobe Premiere avec des fondus enchaînés et des effets trop de la balle où les élèves diront "waaaah trop beau madame".
  • en train de fignoler un diaporama powerpoint à base de trucs cools qui font "CHDiiiiiiiNG" quand on clique dessus.
  • en train de coller des stickers sur de chouettes copies qui transpirent l'effort et la bonne volonté.
  • en train de remplir le cahier de textes en ligne de mes 7 classes.
  • en train d'organiser un voyage ou une sortie pour les 5èmes.
  • en train de compter combien de photocopies je dois faire pour la 4èmeD à 25 élèves, sachant qu'il y a 4 images par feuille et qu'il ne faut pas que j'oublie d'agrandir l'image pour Donovan qui a de gros problèmes de vue.
  • en train d'écouter les productions orales des élèves sur mon iPhone, des écouteurs dans les oreilles et un stylo rose pailleté dans la main, les yeux vissés sur ma grille d'évaluation.
  • en train de reporter des notes et cocher moulte cases concernant les compétences, le socle commun et autres trucs relativement chronophages et chiants et inutiles.

Rappelons à toutes fins utiles que j'ai un atelier ciné le jeudi soir avec les 3èmes et que lorsque je rentre dans mon home sweet home, je ne balance pas mon cartable en hurlant de joie avant de sortir boire un Black Mojito au Plaza Athénée... Je termine de faire ce que les heures de trou n'ont pas pu combler.

À écouter Sarko et tous les gens qui ignorent plus ou moins ostensiblement ce qu'est le quotidien d'un prof consciencieux, les profs ont quand même vachement de temps pour faire des trucs d'auto-entrepreneur et pour s'investir encore davantage dans leur entreprise bahut. Cette image de feignasse toujours en vacances semble indélébile.

Moi, j'ai juste le temps de mettre du vernis, d'assouvir mon besoin d'écrire, de poker mes amis sur Facebook, de mater la saison 5 de TBBT et de faire des trucs de la vie sociale et sentimentale et un peu culturelle aussi, mais pas autant que je le souhaiterais.
Et quand je fais l'énorme connerie de lire les commentaires des lecteurs de journaux en ligne... j'ai juste envie de prendre un hygiaphone et de hurler qu'ON BOSSE DÉJÀ À MORT et qu'on a bien plus la pression qu'il y a 20 ou 30 ans. Les profs ont bien plus de missions et de responsabilités le tout sans être davantage payés. Qu'on nous paye déjà tout le boulot que nous faisons bénévolement et après on pourra éventuellement demander aux volontaires d'en faire plus.

En tant que nullipare, je n'ai que mon cul à torcher et j'ai du mal à imaginer comment je vais parvenir un de ces 4, à gérer l'organisation que demande mon taf et l'organisation que demande un mouflet.


Alors, Monsieur Sarkozy, une fois n'est pas coutume, ça serait bien aimable de se renseigner avant de l'ouvrir.

Prenez donc conseil auprès de votre ministre de l'éducation nationale qui... ah... qui n'a jamais enseigné donc.

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          Le jour où je fus d'accord avec Natacha Polony        

Jusqu'à l'émission de Laurent Ruquier, je ne connaissais pas grand chose de Natacha Polony mis à part des articles dans Marianne que je ne lisais pas ou très peu parce qu'à l'époque :

  • Je vivais en Angleterre... donc je me gavais de culture anglophone : de Marian Keyes à Francis Bacon, de Trisha Goodard à Eastenders en passant par les peintures de Turner, les merveilleuses cartes et papier-cadeau de chez Clinton's, les bath bombs de Lush, les fish & chips, TOUT Jane Austen, mes premiers sushi chez Yo ! Sushi, l'humour de Graham Norton ou Stephen Fry, Harry Potter encore et encore, les Bacardi Breezers (surtout ceux à l'ananas, à la pastèque et au pamplemousse), respirer Londres (et tousser), les take-away du vendredi soir avec Joolz ma coloc' (Fried Rice Noodles Singapore Style ♥ ou les Crispy Pancake Duck ♥)

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  • Je préparais mon mémoire sur Shakespeare, ses constantes allusions de cul et sa guerre des sexes adaptée au cinéma... donc je passais mon temps à consulter des archives poussiéreuses dans des bibliothèques hyper classes de Stratford-Upon-Avon tout en relisant jour et nuit les pièces avec un stabilo dans une main et un thé à la bergamote dans l'autre (et aussi des Oreos)
  • Je galérais entre l'Amant anglais et Victor Newman tout en gérant le harcèlement d'un élève du lycée où j'étais assistante qui mettait des mots flippants sur mon pare-brise genre "I LOVE YOU. YOU BELONG TO ME"
  • Je passais mon CAPES à base de Tennessee Williams ♥ et de Joseph Conrad (*BAILLER* + *VOMIR*) donc je bossais tout le temps en essayant de garder un semblant de vie sociale (aka picoler avec mes potes et voir grandir mon filleuldamour)

Et puis, il y a quelques semaines, Sabine a parlé du blog de Natacha Polony et de son billet apparemment controversé sur lequel ont craché bon nombre d'enseignants, puis des lecteurs m'ont également envoyé le lien de l'article me demandant de réagir et de donner mon avis.

Vous pouvez lire son billet ici et je vous encourage chaudement à le dévorer en opinant du chef.

À la base, je ne traîne pas trop sur le Figaro... journal éloigné de mes convictions politiques et surtout j'évite soigneusement de lire les commentaires (que ce soit du Figaro ou d'autres journaux d'ailleurs) des lecteurs sur le web qui sont un mix d'intolérance, de connerie monumentale, de vindicte gratuite et de xénophobie.
J'ai tout de même lu avec intérêt et un verre de Gini ce billet, et au fil des lignes, j'ai commencé à écarquiller les yeux façon lori.

Comment, je suis 100% d'accord avec TOUT ce qui est écrit dans ce putain d'excellent billet.

Nat' résume parfaitement et de manière éloquente et pas pédante toute ma pensée et ma vision de l'école.
Mais genre, à fond quoi.
Tout ce qu'elle a écrit, je l'ai moi-même exprimé ici (mais avec beaucoup plus de "sa mère la pute qui suce les bites par paquets de douze" et de "putain de sa race").

Extraits de phrases-choc :

  • "Le portrait d’une école qui n’a plus qu’une ambition : “fabriquer de la bonne employabilité".
  • "Une société en cours de décivilisation “où chacun fonctionne comme une sorte de structure solitaire qui exige des autres mais qui jamais ne se sent redevable".
  • "Des réformes qui transformaient l’enseignement de la littérature en une démarche utilitariste visant à instrumentaliser le patrimoine culturel et littéraire pour en garder uniquement les notions d’argumentation, de négociation, etc... considérées comme utiles au monde du travail. Désormais, on devait étudier les textes pour en tirer de la matière à débat".
  • "j’ai pu constater ce qu’était le niveau d’un bachelier français moyen : il suffit de regarder les consignes de corrections au bac pour comprendre : l’orthographe ne doit pas retirer plus de deux points, si bien que lorsque les phrases ne sont pas en français, ce n’est pas grave. D’autant que cela fait des années qu’on répète aux enseignants que l’orthographe est la science des imbéciles."
  • Sa vision de la méthode globale (une hérésie nuisible), son opinion sur la notion de classement, sur la lecture ou sur le manque de respect des élèves...

J'ai beaucoup de mal à comprendre les enseignants qui ne partagent pas cette vision et qui hurlent qu'elle n'est qu'une sale réac et que bouhhhh comment c'est trop caca-boudin avec des arguments aussi solides qu'une maison construite par Numérobis et Amobonfis son rival.

"Natacha ou la nostalgie de l'autoritarisme"
=> Je dis NON et NON les p'tits loups. Je suis fatiguée, lassée, usée par ce nouvel amalgame qui consiste à confondre "autorité" et "autoritarisme". S'il y a quarante ans, un instit' avait le pouvoir (voire le devoir) de faire régner dans sa classe un silence basé sur la crainte de s'en prendre une dans la gueule ; à présent, certains osent à peine mettre un mot dans le carnet d'un élève redoutant les conséquences d'un tel geste...
Énorme manque d'équilibre entre une génération qui avait peur de se prendre une règle en fer sur le bout des doigts et une génération que l'on couve et surcouve, fustigeant toute tentative d'inculquer respect et rigueur... Bien évidemment, il ne faut pas tomber dans une généralisation excessive. Il y a quarante ans, tous les profs n'étaient pas des tortionnaires, ravis de pouvoir filer une mandale à un élève insolent... et de nos jours, tous les parents d'élèves ne sont pas de sombres abrutis couvrant leur enfant à la moindre bévue.
Néanmoins, je ne peux que constater le manque de soutien dans les hautes sphères et dans les familles quant à l'attitude et au manque de travail de beaucoup, beaucoup d'élèves. Un élève qui ne fait jamais ses devoirs. Un élève qui rend copie blanche à chaque éval'. Un élève qui monopolise constamment le temps de parole en classe et tente de négocier et de nuancer la moindre remarque/critique de son prof. L'élève, ce mini-adulte qui doit pouvoir s'exprimer même si effectivement il n'a rien à dire...
En 2011, un prof a du mal à confisquer un objet non approprié à son cours (portable, console de jeux, magazine de foot, miroir...) sans s'attirer les foudres des familles, voire de sa hiérarchie. En 2011, un prof a du mal à mettre en retenue des élèves relativement récalcitrants puisque personne dans sa famille ne veut venir le chercher car ça fait trop chier de devoir retourner au bahut à 18h. En 2011, un prof est obligé de se justifier à genoux lorsqu'il donne une punition. Il existe des profs injustes qui auraient tendance à imposer leur volonté de puissance (Nietzsche forever) mais ne nous leurrons pas, la majorité des enseignants est plutôt honnête et bienveillante et lorsqu'un prof écrit un mot dans le carnet pour expliquer à la famille de Bryanna, que pour la troisième fois consécutive, elle n'a pas fait ses devoirs et que sa propension à bavarder constamment tout en se recoiffant devient un tantinet insupportable, il s'attend au pire à une simple signature de la famille, indiquant qu'elle a pris connaissance des remontrances de l'enseignant... au mieux, à une petite réponse du style "Merci de nous avoir prévenus. Comptez sur notre soutien et notre vigilance afin que ce genre d'incident ne se reproduise pas". Mais dans bien des familles, au mieux, le mot est signé en quatrième vitesse et ne donne lieu à AUCUNE discussion entre parents et enfants ou alors juste un "bon faut travailler Bryanna hein" et au pire, une petite réponse vient augmenter la tension artérielle de l'enseignant qui sera ravi d'apprendre qu'il devrait se mêler de ce qui le regarde et qu'il faut arrêter de punir Bryanna pour n'importe quoi.

J'aime à répéter à chaque parent et à chacun de mes élèves, qu'à partir de l'instant où il franchit les grilles de l'établissement, un enfant devient un élève. C'est-à-dire qu'il ne dépend plus des règles de la maison mais de celles de l'établissement. Et c'est là où le bât blesse malheureusement. Si à la maison, le mot d'ordre est "vas-y mon loupiot, agis selon TON rythme et TES envies", il y a fort à parier que ça va lui faire tout bizarre à l'école quand on va essayer de lui faire comprendre la notion de contrainte et de compromis, mamelles de la vie en collectivité.
Il y a quelques semaines, j'ai reçu la famille de Kélyan. La veille, Kélyan s'était fritté avec Enzo qui avait accusé sa mère d'accomplir des actes buccaux à tout va. Les termes "bâtard" et "va manger tes morts sale connard" avaient été prononcés de toute part (Rappelons que Kélyan et Enzo ont 11 ans et qu'il est toujours appréciable de constater qu'aux âmes bien nées, la violence verbale, à l'instar de la valeur, n'attend pas le nombre des années). Kélyan s'est alors jeté sur Enzo et l'a bourriné de coups de poing. Y a pas à tortiller, l'arcade sourcilière, ça saigne vachement quand même. Enzo s'en est sorti avec un beau cocard et tous deux ont été exclus quelques jours.
La famille de Kélyan a immédiatement hurlé à l'injustice car c'était Enzo qui avait commencé et Kélyan n'avait fait qu'appliquer l'un des principes fondateurs de sa famille : SE VENGER.

La maman de Kélyan : "On a toujours dit à Kélyan qu'il doit se défendre. Si on l'insulte, si on le tape, il doit rendre les insultes et les coups. C'est une question d'honneur"
Princesse Soso : "Le souci c'est que nous avons des règles différentes à l'école. Nous passons notre temps à expliquer aux élèves que toute violence verbale ou physique est proscrite. Lorsqu'un élève se fait insulter ou est en passe de se faire frapper, nous l'encourageons à s'éloigner le plus vite possible afin de prévenir un adulte. J'ajoute qu'il y a une différence entre se défendre et rendre les coups... Nous avons une tolérance pour un élève qui, pour éviter un coup, va repousser son camarade... mais, en revanche, il ne doit pas, à son tour, se montrer violent et attaquer"
Le papa de Kélyan : "Mon fils n'est pas une chiffe molle qui va chialer et cafter auprès des profs. Il règle le problème tout seul. Enzo méritait les coups. C'est une question d'honneur"
Princesse Soso : "Votre fils est avant tout un élève au sein du collège et il doit se conformer au règlement qui stipule clairement la conduite à adopter en cas de conflit avec un autre élève. Kélyan devait s'éloigner d'Enzo et prévenir un adulte des insultes qu'il subissait. Des sanctions auraient été prises uniquement à l'encontre d'Enzo et Kélyan ne serait pas actuellement exclu, considéré lui-aussi comme fautif"
La maman de Kélyan : "Mais il n'a fait que se défendre ! Il n'allait pas laisser ce sale petit vaurien m'insulter et me traiter de pute !"
Princesse Soso : "Mais Kélyan ne s'est pas défendu, il s'est vengé. Cela n'a RIEN à voir. Je comprends tout à fait que Kélyan se soit énervé, le souci est qu'il a perdu le contrôle et qu'il a cédé à ses pulsions. Il a fait une erreur et est puni en conséquence. Je comprends qu'il ait fait cette erreur, l'important est qu'il admette qu'on ne peut pas agir ainsi au collège. Le vieil adage "on ne résout rien par la violence" est totalement en adéquation avec les règles de l'établissement. Kélyan s'est acharné sur Enzo, il ne s'est pas contrôlé et raisonné. Ce genre d'incident peut arriver mais ne doit pas se reproduire"
Le papa de Kélyan : "Comme je dis toujours, si la violence ne résout rien c'est que tu n'as pas cogné assez fort !" (rires gras)
La maman de Kélyan : "Chez nous, on se venge quand on nous a fait un sale coup. C'est comme ça. Et Kélyan, il suit d'abord les règles de sa famille. C'est à l'école d'accepter des élèves qui ont une éducation différente"
Princesse Soso : "Absolument pas. C'est aux familles de s'adapter aux règles de l'école. C'est comme si vous me disiez que c'est la société qui doit s'adapter aux hors-la-loi..."
La maman de Kélyan : "Vous traitez Kélyan de hors-la-loi ???"
Le papa de Kélyan : "Ouais parce qu'on peut très bien immédiatement retirer Kélyan du collège hein !"
Princesse Soso : "Vous commencez sévèrement à me courir sur le haricot tous les deux À mon avis, vous allez avoir du mal à trouver un établissement scolaire qui prône la vendetta et tolère la violence... Kélyan n'a pas respecté les règles, il est puni. Idem pour Enzo. Il n'y a strictement rien à négocier. Kélyan doit apprendre à se contrôler lorsqu'il a envie de frapper. Le souci, c'est que si à la maison, vous l'encouragez à avoir recours à la violence, on n'est pas sorti de l'auberge..."
Le papa de Kélyan : "C'est comme ça dans notre famille et on ne va pas changer pour vous faire plaisir"
Princesse Soso : "Alors, je pense que nous n'avons plus rien de constructif à nous dire et cet entretien est à présent terminé"

La famille de Kélyan n'est malheureusement pas un cas isolé et il est de moins en moins rare de voir des parents encourager leur progéniture à appliquer la loi du Talion.

"Natacha ou le rigorisme injuste et traumatisant"
=> En défendant la notion de classement, Natacha s'en prend plein la tronche... Le classement stigmatise, traumatise, met en lumière les clivages et décourage... Tous les élèves sont égaux et il est tout simplement anti-pédagogique de vouloir en faire briller certains tandis que d'autres demeurent dans une obscurité, symbole d'ignorance et de retard. La société est suffisamment encline à exacerber les inégalités, inutile d'appliquer cette même injustice à l'école.
On prend le problème à l'envers. Le classement encourage, motive, galvanise également. Il n'est pas uniquement source d'échec et de larmes.
Il ne faut pas oublier que 95% des élèves travaillent pour tout SAUF pour eux :

  • Ils travaillent pour faire plaisir à leur famille.
  • Ils travaillent pour ne pas se faire engueuler.
  • Ils travaillent parce que c'est comme ça et pas autrement. Ils n'ont pas véritablement le choix de par leur éducation voire un certain endoctrinement.
  • Ils travaillent pour avoir une Wii et une PS3.
  • Ils travaillent parce qu'ils aiment bien le prof.

Je me souviens très bien que mon instit' de CE1 nous répétait constamment : "Vous ne l'avez pas encore compris et/ou accepté... mais n'oubliez jamais que c'est pour VOUS que vous travaillez". La bonne blague. La petite fille de 6 ans que j'étais travaillait parce que c'était sympa d'apprendre des trucs et en plus ça faisait drôlement sourire papa, maman, mamie ou papy lorsque je ramenais des 10/10, des bons points et des images.
La carotte, la récompense ne sont pas de vilains mots au sein d'une classe. Autant je suis la première à hurler lorsque j'entends des élèves réclamer un SALAIRE ("ouais les profs sont payés pour venir au collège, on devrait être payé aussi"), autant je ne suis pas réfractaire à un système de récompense ponctuel destiné à encourager et faire plaisir. Apprendre pour apprendre c'est terriblement difficile à assimiler... alors de temps en temps, il n'est pas nuisible d'insérer la notion de cadeau afin de féliciter un élève pour ses progrès et ses résultats.
Mettre un sticker pailleté sur de bonnes copies, offrir des babioles pour Noël aux élèves méritants... de petits gestes qui sont une sorte de MERCI. Merci pour ta bonne volonté. Merci de jouer le jeu. Merci de venir dans mon cours dans le but de travailler. Merci de grandir et d'évoluer dans le bon sens.
Un peu de gratitude mêlée à un soupçon de démagogie : la clé du succès ?
Si l'on écoute certains enseignants, certains parents et certains soit-disant spécialistes de l'enfance et de l'éducation, le système de récompense est louable s'il est appliqué à TOUS les élèves. Sous-entendu, hors de question que dans une classe de 26, 11 élèves aient un chouette cadeau, 7 aient un petit cadeau et 8 n'aient rien du tout. C'est-trop-pas-zuste (Caliméro forever).
Et bien non.
Faut quand même pas déconner. Cindy a 17 de moyenne parce qu'elle a des facilités et qu'elle bosse, Lorenzo a 13 de moyenne en cravachant grave parce qu'il a de sacrées difficultés, Perrine a 12 de moyenne en foutant strictement que dalle mais comme elle a de grosses facilités, elle sauve les meubles, Lucas a 5 de moyenne en branlant strictement que tchi... et faudrait tous les récompenser de la même manière ???

Eh, on n'est pas à l'École des fans là, les p'tits loups !

Le classement ou la récompense au mérite permet de faire comprendre à un élève que ses efforts portent leurs fruits et peuvent être source de satisfaction, de plaisir et de reconnaissance. Cela évite que les élèves paresseux s'enlisent dans une passivité apathique "puisque de toute façon, on a tous le même cadeau à la fin".

Pour Noël, les élèves méritants ("méritants" ne signifie pas forcément avoir 19,2/20... Les élèves méritants font de leur mieux, sont volontaires et agréables, ils viennent en classe pour progresser, ils sont polis, respectueux et aident à instaurer une bonne ambiance de travail) ont le droit de participer à des quiz qui leur permettent de gagner une petite surprise (un porte-clé, un petit bijou, un petit parfum, des stickers, un petit bouquin, des règles ou des stylos avec écrit dessus "Happy Christmas from your teacher" ou "Very good work ! Well done !"... etc.). Les élèves qui se sont récoltés des mots ou des punitions pour leur manque de travail ou pour leur attitude inconvenante se voient immédiatement exclus de ce bonus. Ça me semble normal et logique. Genre je ne vais quand même pas filer un porte-clé phosphorescent que j'ai acquis avec mes propres deniers à Johnny qui refuse de venir au tableau pour corriger un exo, qui a 01/20 de moyenne en anglais et qui ne fait jamais ses devoirs..
On cherche constamment à encourager les plus faibles. OK... mais c'est choupi aussi d'encourager les plus forts. Ce n'est pas de l'élitisme, c'est un juste retour des choses.

Cela fait également écho à l'idée qu'il faut supprimer les notes afin que la coopération prenne le pas sur la compétition.
BULLSHIT.
Encore une fois, on prend le problème à l'envers. La compétition peut être saine et source d'émulation. La compétition n'est pas uniquement faite pour humilier les plus faibles... Ce qu'il faut supprimer, ce ne sont pas les notes bien évidemment, mais le collège unique, source d'inégalités et d'humiliation. Lorsqu'un enfant a de mauvais résultats, il faut comprendre pourquoi. Il n'a pas appris ? il n'a pas compris ? A-t-il la possibilité de travailler sereinement à la maison ? Est-il encadré, encouragé par sa famille ? Autant de questions auxquelles il est parfois difficile de trouver des réponses...

Ahh la "coopération"... le nouveau terme didactique à la mode. Les élèves doivent travailler en équipe afin justement de ne plus entretenir une compétition individuelle... Le travail en îlots tel qu'il est présenté par Marie Rivoire (qui a écrit un guide à ce sujet) est une idée judicieuse mais selon moi, absolument pas applicable à TOUTES les séances de cours. C'est top à doses homéopathiques. Il faut impérativement qu'un élève apprenne à travailler SEUL, à se concentrer et à se retrouver avec lui-même pour affronter, élucider, comprendre, analyser, déduire... Et encore une fois, je rejoins Natacha quant à sa théorie sur le problème de la lecture... Une écrasante majorité d'élèves, même d'excellents élèves, n'aime pas lire. C'est chiant. C'est long. C'est difficile. Et ouais... à force d'activités ludiques et surtout courtes, à force de coopération... les élèves ne sont pas préparés à affronter la lecture, cet exercice solitaire qui demande une construction mentale et une concentration qui ne s'acquièrent pas en un coup de baguette magique. Avant de travailler à plusieurs, il faut savoir travailler seul... C'est d'une logique implacable.

00000000_ilots.jpg

Je ne m'étendrai pas sur le problème de l'orthographe, sur la langue malmenée, écorchée, humiliée par une paresse et un mépris qui me sont écoeurants.
De très bons élèves ne parviennent pas à écrire sans erreur et confondent "c'est" et "sait"... "et" et "est"... "ça" et "sa"... La phonétique prend le pas sur les règles. On écrit pour communiquer et plus pour célébrer une langue parfois ardue et alambiquée mais aussi symbole d'une délicieuse rigueur salvatrice qui permet de développer mémoire et agilité intellectuelle...

Il est vraiment temps que l'école 2.0 arrive.
Une école de l'équilibre avec un cadre et une autorité juste qui n'exclut pas une certaine décontraction. Une école où apprendre n'est pas une simple obligation ou une contrainte mais une source de plaisir et d'épanouissement. Une école qui développe l'esprit, une école qui nivelle par le haut. Une école qui se sert de son passé, non pas pour l'anéantir mais pour en extraire les vertus afin de faire de l'école du XXIème siècle un lieu d'apprentissage où chacun a sa chance, où chacun est en sécurité, où chacun a la possibilité de progresser, où chacun doit jouer le jeu...

Vous n'êtes pas d'accord avec ça ? Vous pensez que c'est irréalisable ?


Bienvenue en dystopie, alors.


          Beyond holiday - putting a little "community care" in the luggage        
Just as I was putting finishing touches on my personal end-of-2007 vacation itinerary and finalizing SAP TechEd '07 Bangalore plans, I met with James Farrar, who is VP of Corporate Citizenship at SAP and author of the sustainability and CSR blog: Wisdom of Clouds. This coincided with a growing interest of the SAP community members in such matters and plans for the launch of a new area under the Business Process Expert Community called Corporate Social Responsibility.

I was very excited about the inauguration of the website: SAPfeedingknowledge and our SAP Community initiative to help provide "Food for Points".
But here I was ending the 2007 year with personal plans for a full month's break/vacation itinerary and the longest hiatus ever from my engagements with the SAP SDN and BPX community....or was it to be so? Was I to be a voyeur or an emissary in my travels, or a bit of both.
On Thanksgiving Day, November 22nd, 2007, my 16-year old son, Dahn and I set out for Bangalore with further plans for Cochin, Madurai, Vietnam and Cambodia. Upon arriving in Bangalore, we had arranged to link up with my dear friend of (gasp) 35 years, Naomi Tocher. Naomi is a Kiwi who, ever since we met volunteering together on a kibbutz in Israel those many years ago, has dedicated her life to working in social services and of late heads support services for interpreters and translators in New Zealand. Naomi, Dahn and I had been formulating our travel plans together. Naomi had almost apologetically suggested we detour a bit from the usual tourist stuff and get to interface with locals. She had many personal contacts from within the Cambodian and Vietnamese refugee resources she worked with, and so was able to broker some "home stays". She also raised the possibility of our visiting a Children's home outside of Madurai and perhaps a rehabilitation hospital in Cambodia and made the tentative arrangements.

We agreed, never guessing how the worlds of exotic adventure travel and a more humanitarian and human set of experiences would coincide.

What follows are some journal notes from one of the most intriguing, disturbing, inspiring and moving trips I have ever had the privilege of taking. And truly, thanks to all those that contributed to this enriching journey: family, friends, work colleagues and the SAP Community, which in this hyper-connected world of ours is also a combination of all those entities.Especial thanks to the generous, brave, kind and helpful people of all those places we visited. I hope to tell some of your stories.


December 1st, 2007

We call the Illam "Children's Home" (orphanage) in Nilakottai near Madurai and ask if we can visit and what we can bring. School supplies? Books? They modestly say fruit. So armed with the only shopping bag at our disposal we head off for the market to buy 70 kilos, one for each child we visit.

We are greeted by Mr Khader, the head master of the school. We are welcomed and introduced in the most delightful way. You can see more photos of our day with the students here.
Everything resonated goodness. The foundation DHAN associated with the school has a microfinance program at work helping empower women in the community. The school absolutely indoctrinates the children with the goals of professional achievement. And these children, many of whose families, if they have any, are so destitute that they cannot afford to have them schooled, are also imbued with a pay-it-forward education. Each child successfully completing this program has vowed to help another child achieve those goals as well.
And if I understand it correctly, this whole project started through an individual's vision and dream. Her name is Jean Watson, and she is a 74-year-old Wellingtonian (New Zealander) who spends some of her time with her community in India. I've just finished speaking with her by phone in Wellington and thanking her for the gift she unwittingly gave us as well. As I write this, my friend Naomi shares her correspondance with Jean.
Naomi writes to Jean:
"We received a beautiful welcome from the children, Gero, some teachers and Mr.Kadher. After a traditional welcome, the children danced for us, showed us around their home and talked with us. We sang them a song and began to teach it to them. We had a scrumptious lunch - the cook is a real find. We also visited the lush garden at the back of the Ilam and learnt of your future plans for it.
I promised to bring back love to you from everyone at the Illam and let you know about the visit. They talk about you all the time and are looking forward to you being back with them.Jean, you are a real inspiration. I am so impressed by your foresight and your commitment to follow through on your vision. And what a satisfying result it must be to have a houseful of such lively, happy and talented children. I am particularly impressed by the encouragement given to each child to be successful in their life, and even more by the "obligation" that they will help another child."


Genromani volunteers as a teacher and Mr. Khader encourages the students who engage with us, to share with us some of their dreams and aspirations: computer engineers, teachers, health-care givers abound in the breathless and excited gaggle of grins and curiosity about us. These kids have lofty goals. And they make us believe they will attain them. We came to bring gifts. The truth is we received them. Amazing what ordinary people can do....feeding knowledge.
          Qué es la Homocisteína?        

¿Qué es la homocisteína?

Homocisteína: Aminoácido (uno de los componentes fundamentales de las proteínas) normalmente presente en la sangre en pequeñas cantidades.


El exceso de homocisteína en la sangre puede favorecer la acumulación de placa grasa en las arterias. La homocisteína es producida por la digestión de proteínas.


Aunque nuestro organismo requiere concentraciones normales de homocisteína para formar y mantener los tejidos, las concentraciones excesivas pueden asociarse con cardiopatías y apoplejías.

Los niveles elevados de homocisteína en sangre se han identificado recientemente como factor de riesgo de vasculopatías coronarias, periféricas y cerebrales, entre otras patologías (incluyendo Alzheimer).


¿Cómo incrementa la homocisteína el riesgo de cardiopatía isquémica y de apoplejía? Las concentraciones elevadas de homocisteína pueden contribuir a la lesión de las paredes arteriales producida por el colesterol y otras sustancias. Es más probable que las arterias dañadas por este proceso se estrechen o cierren por completo.


¿Cómo regula el organismo la concentración de homocisteína?

En circunstancias normales, el exceso de homocisteína se elimina rápidamente. Con la ayuda de las vitaminas esenciales, el hígado transforma la homocisteína en aminoácidos que el organismo puede utilizar o descomponer para su excreción.


Un proceso muy importante en el que participa el ácido fólico es la formación de metionina a partir de la homocisteína, un proceso en el que se utiliza como cofactor la vitamina B12.


Es fundamental la suplementación de la dieta con los cofactores vitamínicos que participan en la rutas metabólicas de estos aminoácidos azufrados (homocisteína y metionia): la vitamina B6 o piridoxima y la vitamina B12 o cianocobalamina.


¿Qué efecto tiene la homocisteína en comparación con otros factores de riesgo cardiovasculares?


Se estima que las concentraciones elevadas de homocisteína pueden incrementar el riesgo de cardiopatías al mismo nivel que el tabaquismo y el colesterol.


¿Debería determinar mi concentración de homocisteína?

Este tema debería consultarlo con su médico. Los autores de la "American Heart Association's Science Advisory" (Consejos científicos de la Asociación Americana del Corazón) sugieren que las determinaciones de homocisteína deben realizarse en pacientes con una historia personal o familiar de cardiopatía.


¿Cómo puedo saber la concentración de homocisteína?

Existen análisis sanguíneos para ello.


Si tengo una concentración de homocisteína elevada, ¿cómo pudo producirse?


Las concentraciones elevadas de homocisteína pueden ser el resultado de una deficiencia de determinadas vitaminas esenciales. Además, muchas personas tienen un leve defecto genético en el metabolismo de la homocisteína. Las personas con esta anomalía relativamente frecuente requieren una dieta que satisfaga o exceda todas las recomendaciones sobre la ingestión de ácido fólico, vitamina B6 y vitamina B12.


¿Puedo controlar mi concentración de homocisteína?


En la mayoría de los casos, las concentraciones elevadas de homocisteína son fáciles de controlar. Sólo tiene que asegurarse de llevar una dieta equilibrada que incluya verduras de hoja verde, cítricos, legumbres, pescado, semillas y cereales. Si tiene alguna pregunta sobre su dieta, consulte con su médico.

http://www.abbottdiagnostics.es/tusalud/ecardiacas/peligro.asp


Niveles de homocisteína: Normal: entre 5 µmol/L y 15 µmol/L. Moderado: entre 16 µmol/L y 30 µmol/L. Intermedio: entre 31 µmol/L y 100 µmol/L. Severo: > 100 µmol/L.


Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi. 2008 Apr 8;88(14):990-3.

Zhang Y et al

Detrimental effects of homocysteine on insulin release and apoptosis of pancreatic beta cells

PMID: 18756974


Ann Clin Biochem. 2008 Sep;45(Pt 5):476-80.

Kassab A et al

Homocysteine enhances LDL fatty acid peroxidation, promoting microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes.

PMID: 18753419


J Endovasc Ther. 2008 Aug;15(4):399-407.

Heneghan HM, Sultan S.

Homocysteine, the cholesterol of the 21st century.Impact of hyperhomocysteinemia on patency and amputation-free survival after intervention for critical limb ischemia.

PMID: 18729558


Neurochem Int. 2008 Aug 3.

Kumar M et al

Homocysteine decreases blood flow to the brain due to vascular resistance in carotid artery.

PMID: 18725259


Clin Med. 2008 Aug;8(4):384-7.

Cardiovascular disease--the silent killer in rheumatoid arthritis.

Kumar N, Armstrong DJ.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a multisystem disease with high rates of morbidity and mortality. In recent years, there has been increasing focus on the growing rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in RA, over and above expected levels allowing for 'traditional' risk factors. In this paper the impact of CVD in RA, the relative contributions of traditional risk factors and novel risk factors (including homocysteine, oxidised low-density lipoprotein, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and leptin), and the need to address cardiovascular risk in the fight against premature death from coronary artery and stroke disease in RA are discussed.

PMID: 18724604


VIDEO: FORMACION DE PLACA ARTERIAL

http://www.new.facebook.com/l.php?u=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DMmowxthBSPY%26NR%3D1&h=9a2c088089c3e65b53683d17b9f20732



          Union Guilds        
Union's quest is also like daily quest, everyday you do the quest and get rewards.
But instead of Zeny (Daily Quest), you'll get Items as a reward.
And the items you can get depends on what Union you joined.

And don't worry, you can always quit your present union if u got what you want,
and maybe join the other one for other rewards.

Oh and I personally don't know what will happen to your unused points if you quit your union..
Never tried that.. ^_^

Now choose from the six Union you want to join!

1. Prontera Knightage Union
2. Odin Orthodoxy Union
3. Darkness Shadow Union
4. Hunter Union
5. Magic Academy Union
6. Alberta Merchant Alliance Union


=====================================================================


Prontera Knightage Union
NPC: Knight Schubert 
Location: Prontera 

Secrets to Provocation
[Provoke lvl 1]

Prontera Knightage Will
[Berserk lvl 1]

Box of Trace of Earth Bundle
[20 Traces of Earth]

Refining Whetstone V 
[90min Weapon Attack +5%]

Traces of Freyja
[Blue material]

Twilight Shadow Piece
[Purple Material]

Heroic Echo
[Purple Material]

Iron Cain 
[Lower Face]

Zeras Hyperion Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================


Odin Orthodoxy Union
NPC: Saint Ramort
Location: Prontera 

Blessing of the Saintess 
[Blessing lvl 1]

Prime Grace
[Assumptio lvl 1]

Judgement Lightning
[Jupitel Thunder lvl 1]

Box of Life Souce Bundle
[20 Life Sources]

Dragon Embroidery V 
[90min Jacket Intelligence +15%]

Fragment of the Unknown 
[Blue Material]

Inherited Free Will 
[Blue Materia]

Guardian Angel
[Head Accessory]

Aione Oaklay Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================


Darkness Shadow Union
NPC: Dark Grandol
Location: Prontera

Assassin's Creed (Poison)
[Poisoning Weapon lvl 1]

Assassin's Creed (Kill)
[Shadow Claw lvl 1]

Assassin's Creed (Speed)
[Agility lvl 1]

Box of Spirit of Ruin Bundle
[20 Spirits of Ruin]

Tiger Embroidery V
[90min Jacket STR +15%]

Dimension Fragment Piece
[Green Material]

Cursed Mark of Immortality
[Blue Material]

Studded Headband
[Head Accessory]

Eremes Guile Style
[Top]


=====================================================================


Hunter Union
NPC: Hunter Teodor
Location: Divided Plain

Spirit Guard 
Endure lvl 1

Wind Elixir
[1Min +60% Movement Speed]

Box of Monster Fragment Bundle
[20 Monster Fragments]

Bear Embroidery V
[90min Jacket VIT +15%]

Sealed Root of Strength 
[Blue Material]

Dark Scythe Piece 
[Purple Material]

Ancient Demon's Horn 
[Purple Material]

Eyeshade 
[Middle Face]

Reidin Kerse Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================


Magic Academy Union
NPC: Magic Scholar Trowa 
Location: Prontera 

Book of Armageddon (Annihiliation)
[Meteo Storm lvl 1 = Physical Attack Value]

Book or Armageddon (Despair) 
[Meteor Storm lvl 1 = Magic Attack Value]

Niflheim Seed
[Frost Nova lvl 1]

Box of Firmament Essence Bundles
[20 Firmament Essences]

Magic Oil V
[90min Magical Attack +5%]

Broken Barrier Fragment Crystal
[Blue Material]

Wailing Griever Mask Piece 
[Blue Material]

Crystal Circlet
[Head Accessory]

Dr. Jacob Style 
[Top]


=====================================================================

Alberta Merchant Alliance Union
NPC: Great Merchant Muria
Location: Alberta

Wind Elixir 
[1Min +60% Movement Speed]

Zeny Bag 
[Sold for 24 Zeny]

Cracked Emperium Piece 
[Green Material]

Magical Red Feather 
[Green Material]

Colossal Brandium Piece 
[Green Material]

Mind of the Money Loser
[Head Accessory]

Onasis Defendhill Style 
[Top]





          Prontera        




Character Level: 13
Profession Level: 10
Achievement: Guardian Vulcan, Peco Peco Ride


Map Location:
--------------------------
Prontera

Quest List:
--------------------
Time to Part
Report Delivery
Reunion with Hans
A Day of the Saintess - [Reward: 2 Blessing of the Saintess]
Knight Commander Zeras Hyperion
Geonorg, The King of Reinhard
Member of the Rune-Midgarts
Question of the Freyajanity - [Reward: Wind Elixir]
Resolute Position
Issues of the Kingdom - [Reward: Investigator Armor]
Marquiz Lissur Anailuj - [Reward: Prontera Knightage Will Potion]
Top Secret Document
To the South Plains
Secret Mission - [Reward: Investigator Gaiters]
Secret of Their Own - [Reward: Wind Elixir]
Graham Circus (1)
Graham Circus (2)
Graham Circus (3) - [Reward: Secret of Provocation]
Kafra Employee Test - [Reward: Tiger Embroidery II or Dragon Embroidery II]
Merchant of Alberta
Bandit Wildrose
Knight Commander's Summon
Knightage Test
Wild Q-Pang (1)
Wild Q-Pang (2)
Wild Q-Pang (3)
Qualifications of a Knight (2) - [Reward: Resistance Sword and Resistance Shield]
An Audience with the King - [Reward: Resistance Breastplate]
The Gap od Dimenion Widened - [Reward: Resistance Scaled Jacket]
Prontera Knightage at the Front
Guardian Vulcan: Growth
Guardian Vulcan: Awakening
Raid Dungeon - Arena
Raid Dungeon - Garden of Baphomet

Quest Starter Items Found:
-----------------------------------------------
N/A

Items Found:
-----------------------
Split Piece 1 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - N/A
Split Piece 2 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - N/A
Split Piece 3 [Bring to Irmumoa Aro2] - N/A


Materials Items:
Earthly Trace (I) - N/A
Firmament Essence (I) - N/A
Root of Life (I) - N/A
Spirit of Ruin (I) - N/A
Monster Fragment (I) - N/A

Other Items:
N/A

Bags Found:
----------------------
N/A

Food and Drinks Found:
-------------------------------------------
N/A

Potions Found:
---------------------------
Red Potion (II) - N/A
Blue Potion (II) - N/A
Purple Potion (II) - N/A

Cards Found:
------------------------
N/A

Weapons and Armors Found:
----------------------------------------------------
N/A

Khara Quest:
------------------------
(Selected) Pain Relieving Drink!
Preparation of Basic Supplies for Adventure (2)
Existence of the Guardian
Faster and Different!
Master of Self-Supplying
Return to Paradise - [Reward: Title - Alive]
Falling to the Pit - [Reward: Title - Dead]
(Selected) What Do You Need Now? Speed~

Others:
-------------
N/A

Blacksmithing:
--------------------------
N/A



          trucos pokemon oro y plata (solo español)        
buscas!1) Este es el código: 01XXEDD02) Reemplaza las XX por el número del Pokémon que buscas.Cuidado: ¡puede borrar tu partida!
01 - Bulbasaur 02 - Ivysaur 03 - Venusaur 04 - Charmander 05 - Charmeleon 06 - Charizard 07 - Squirtle 08 - Wartortle 09 - Blastoise 0A - Caterpie 0B - Metapod 0C - Butterfree 0D - Weedle 0E - Kakuna 0F - Beedrill 10 - Pidgey 11 - Pidgeotto 12 - Pidgeot 13 - Rattata 14 - Raticate 15 - Spearow 16 - Fearow 17 - Ekans 18 - Arbok 19 - Pikachu 1A - Raichu 1B - Sandshrew 1C - Sandslash 1D - Nidoran F 1E - Nidorina 1F - Nidoqueen 20 - Nidoran M 21 - Nidorino 22 - Nidoking 23 - Clefairy 24 - Clefable 25 - Vulpix 26 - Ninetales 27 - Jigglypuff 28 - Wigglytuff 29 - Zubat 2A - Golbat 2B - Oddish 2C - Gloom 2D - Vileplume 2E - Paras 2F - Parasect 30 - Venonat 31 - Venomoth 32 - Diglett 33 - Dugtrio 34 - Meowth 35 - Persian 36 - Psyduck 37 - Golduck 38 - Mankey 39 - Primeape 3A - Growlithe 3B - Arcanine 3C - Poliwag 3D - Poliwhirl 3E - Poliwrath 3F - Abra 40 - Kadabra 41 - Alakazam 42 - Machop 43 - Machoke 44 - Machamp 45 - Bellsprout 46 - Weepinbell 47 - Victreebel 48 - Tentacool 49 - Tentacruel 4A - Geodude 4B - Graveler 4C - Golem 4D - Ponyta 4E - Rapidash 4F - Slowpoke 50 - Slowbro 51 - Magnemite 52 - Magneton 53 - Farfetch'd 54 - Doduo
55 - Dodrio 56 - Seel 57 - Dewgong 58 - Grimer 59 - Muk 5A - Shellder 5B - Cloyster 5C - Gastly 5D - Haunter 5E - Gengar 5F - Onix 60 - Drowzee 61 - Hypno 62 - Krabby 63 - Kingler 64 - Voltorb 65 - Electrode 66 - Exeggcute 67 - Exeggutor 68 - Cubone 69 - Marowak 6A - Hitmonlee 6B - Hitmonchan 6C - Lickitung 6D - Koffing 6E - Weezing 6F - Rhyhorn 70 - Rhydon 71 - Chansey 72 - Tangela 73 - Kangaskhan 74 - Horsea 75 - Seadra 76 - Goldeen 77 - Seaking 78 - Staryu 79 - Starmie 7A - Mr - Mime 7B - Scyther 7C - Jynx 7D - Electabuzz 7E - Magmar 7F - Pinsir 80 - Tauros 81 - Magikarp 82 - Gyarados 83 - Lapras 84 - Ditto 85 - Eevee 86 - Vaporeon 87 - Jolteon 88 - Flareon 89 - Porygon 8A - Omanyte 8B - Omastar 8C - Kabuto 8D - Kabutops 8E - Aerodactyl 8F - Snorlax 90 - Articuno 91 - Zapdos 92 - Moltres 93 - Dratini 94 - Dragonair 95 - Dragonite 96 - Mewtwo 97 - Mew 98 - Chicorita 99 - Bayleaf 9A - Meganium 9B - Cyndaquil 9C - Quilava 9D - Typhlosion 9E - Totodile 9F - Croconaw A0 - Feligatr A1 - Sentret A2 - Furret A3 - Hoothoot A4 - Noctowl A5 - Ledyba A6 - Ledian A7 - Spinarak A8 - Ariados
A9 - Crobat AA - Chinchou AB - Latern AC - Pichu AD - Cleffa AE - Igglybuff AF - Togepi B0 - Togetic B1 - Natu B2 - Xatu B3 - Mareep B4 - Flaaffy B5 - Ampharos B6 - Bellossom B7 - Marill B8 - Azumarill B9 - Sudowoodo BA - Politoed BB - Hoppip BC - Skiploom BD - Jumpluff BE - Aipom BF - Sunkern C0 - Sunflora C1 - Yanma C2 - Wooper C3 - Quagsire C4 - Espeon C5 - Umbreon C6 - Murkrow C7 - Slowking C8 - Misdreavus C9 - Unown CA - Wobbuffet CB - Girafarig CC - Pineco CD - Forretress CE - Dunsparce CF - Gligar D0 - Steelix D1 - Snubbull D2 - Granbull D3 - Qwilfish D4 - Scizor D5 - Shuckle D6 - Heracross D7 - Sneasel D8 - Teddiursa D9 - Ursaring DA - Slugma DB - Magcargo DC - Swinub DD - Piloswine DE - Corsola DF - Remoraid E0 - Octillery E1 - Delibird E2 - Maintain E3 - Skarmory E4 - Houndour E5 - Houndoom E6 - Kingdra E7 - Phanpy E8 - Donphan E9 - Porygon 2 EA - Stantler EB - Smeargle EC - Tyrogue ED - Hitmontop EE - Smoochum EF - Elekid F0 - Magby F1 - Miltank F2 - Blissey F3 - Raikou F4 - Entei F5 - Suicune F6 - Larvitar F7 - Pupitar F8 - Tyranitar F9 - Lugia FA - Ho-oh FB - CelebiModificar los ataques de tus Pokémon1) Estos son los códigos:Primer ataque: 01XX2CDASegundo ataque: 01XX2DDATercer ataque: 01XX2EDACuarto ataque: 01XX2FDA2) Mueve el Pokémon que buscas en la primera posición3) Reemplaza las XX por el ataque que buscas.¡Cuidado!: Puede borrar tu partida
01 - Pound02 - Karate Chop03 - Double Slap04 - Comet Punch05 - Mega Punch06 - Pay Day07 - Fire Punch08 - Ice Punch09 - Thunder Punch0A - Scratch0B - Vicegrip0C - Guillotine0D - Razor Wind0E - Swords Dance0F - Cut10 - Gust11 - Wing Attack12 - Whirlwind13 - Fly14 - Bind15 - Headbutt16 - Vinewhip17 - Stomp18 - Double Kick19 - Mega Kick1A - Jump Kick1B - Rolling Kick1C - Sand Attack1D - Slam1E - Horn Attack1F - Fury Attack20 - Horn Drill21 - Tackle22 - Body Slam23 - Wrap24 - Take Down25 - Thrash26 - Double-Edge27 - Tail Whip28 - Poison Sting29 - Twineedle2A - Pin Missle2B - Leer2C - Bite2D - Growl2E - Roar2F - Sing30 - Supersonic31 - Sonic Boom32 - Disable33 - Acid34 - Ember35 - Flamethrower36 - Mist37 - Water Gun38 - Hydro Pump39 - Surf3A - Ice Beam3B - Blizzard3C - Psybeam3D - Bubblebeam3E - Aurora Beam3F - Hyper Beam40 - Peck41 - Drill Peck42 - Submission43 - Low Kick44 - Counter45 - Seismic Toss46 - Strength47 - Absorb48 - Mega Drain49 - Leech Seed4A - Growth4B - Razor Leaf4C - Solar Beam4D - Poison Powder4E - Stunspore4F - Sleep Powder50 - Petal Dance51 - String Shot52 - Dragon Rage53 - Fire Spin54 - Thundershock 55 - Thunderbolt56 - Thunder Wave
57 - Thunder58 - Rock Throw59 - Earthquake5A - Fissure5B - Dig5C - Toxic5D - Confusion5E - Psychic5F - Hyponisis60 - Meditate61 - Agility62 - Quick Attack63 - Rage64 - Teleport65 - Night Shade66 - Mimic67 - Screech68 - Double Team69 - Recover6A - Harden6B - Minimize6C - Smoke Screen6D - Confuse Ray6E - Withdraw6F - Defense Curl70 - Barrier71 - Light Screen72 - Haze73 - Reflect74 - Focus Energy75 - Bide76 - Metronome77 - Mirror Move78 - Self-Destruct79 - Egg Bomb7A - Lick7B - Smog7C - Sludge7D - Bone Club7E - Fire Blast7F - Water Fall80 - Clamp81 - Swift82 - Skull Bash83 - Spike Cannon84 - Constrict85 - Amnesia86 - Kinesis87 - Softboiled88 - Hi-Jump Kick89 - Glare8A - Dream Eater8B - Poison Gas8C - Barrage8D - Leech Life8E - Lovely Kiss8F - Sky Attack90 - Transform91 - Bubble92 - Dizzy Punch93 - Spore94 - Flash95 - Psywave96 - Splash97 - Acid Armor98 - Crab Hammer99 - Explosion9A - Fury Swipes9B - Bonemerang9C - Rest9D - Rock Slide9E - Hyper Fang9F - SharpenA0 - ConversionA1 - Tri AttackA2 - Super FangA3 - SlashA4 - SubstitueA5 - StruggleA6 - SketchA7 - Triple KickA8 - ThiefA9 - Spider WebAA - Mind ReaderAB - NightmareAC - Flame Wheel
AD - SnoreAE - CurseAF - FlailB0 - Conversion2B1 - Air BlastB2 - Cotton SporeB3 - ReversalB4 - SpiteB5 - Powder SnowB6 - ProtectB7 - Mach PunchB8 - Scary FaceB9 - Faint AttackBA - Sweet KissBB - Belly DrumBC - Sludge BombBD - Mud SlapBE - OctazookaBF - SpikesC0 - Zap CannonC1 - ForesightC2 - Destiny BondC3 - Perish SongC4 - Icy WindC5 - DetectC6 - Bone RushC7 - Lock-OnC8 - OutrageC9 - SandstormCA - Giga DrainCB - EndureCC - CharmCD - RolloutCE - False SwipeCF - SwaggerD0 - Drink MilkD1 - SparkD2 - Fury CutterD3 - Steel WingD4 - Mean LookD5 - AttractD6 - Sleep TalkD7 - Heal BellD8 - ReturnD9 - PresentDA - FrustrationDB - SafeguardDC - Pain SplitDD - Sacred FireDE - MagnitudeDF - DynamicpunchE0 - MegahornE1 - DragonbreathE2 - Baton PassE3 - EncoreE4 - PursuitE5 - Rapid SpinE6 - Sweet ScentE7 - Iron TailE8 - Metal ClawE9 - Vital ThrowEA - Morning SunEB - SynthesisEC - MoonlightED - Hidden PowerEE - Cross ChopEF - TwisterF0 - Rain DanceF1 - Sunny DayF2 - CrunchF3 - Mirror CoatF4 - Psych UpF5 - ExtremespeedF6 - AncientpowerF7 - Shadow BallF8 - Future SightF9 - Rock SmashFA - WhirlpoolFB - Beat UpSiempre combates con Pokémon especiales010719D1Siempre peleas con Pokémon machos010519D1Siempre peleas con Pokémon hembras010419D1Múltiples niveles en una batalla01XX36D1Cambio de los Pokémon salvajes1) Este es el código: 01XXFCD02) Reemplaza XX por:01 - Nivel 10A - Nivel 1019 - Nivel 2532 - Nivel 5048 - Level 7564 - Nivel 100FF - Nivel 255Oponente dormido y envenenado0100ADD7Sin batallas aleatorias01000BD2Modificadores de Items1) Ingresa estos códigos:Item 1 Modificador 01XXB8D5Infinito Item 1 0163B9D5Item 2 Modificador 01XXBAD5Infinito Item 2 0163BBD5Item 3 Modificador 01XXBCD5Infinito Item 3 0163BDD5Item 4 Modificador 01XXBED5Infinito Item 4 0163BFD5Item 5 Modificador 01XXC0D5Infinito Item 5 0163C1D5Item 6 Modificador 01XXC2D5Infinito Item 6 0163C3D5Item 7 Modificador 01XXC4D5Infinito Item 7 0163C5D5Item 8 Modificador 01XXC6D5Infinito Item 8 0163C7D5Item 9 Modificador 01XXC8D5Infinito Item 9 0163C9D5Item 10 Modificador 01XXCAD5Infinito Item 10 0163CBD5Item 11 Modificador 01XXCCD5Infinito Item 11 0163CDD5Item 12 Modificador 01XXCED5Infinito Item 12 0163CFD5Item 13 Modificador 01XXD0D5Infinito Item 13 0163D1D5Item 14 Modificador 01XXD2D5Infinito Item 14 0163D3D5Item 15 Modificador 01XXD4D5Infinito Item 15 0163D5D5Pokéball Modificador Slot 1 01XXFDD5Infinito Pokéball Slot 1 0163FED5Infinito TM Slot 1 01638FD52) Reemplaza XX Por alguno de estos códigos (Items):
03 - BRIGHTPOWDER 07 - BICYCLE 08 - MOON STONE 09 - ANTIDOTE 0A - BURN HEAL 0B - ICE HEAL 0C - AWAKENING 0D - PARALYZ HEAL 0E - FULL RESTORE 0F - MAX POTION 10 - HYPER POTION 11 - SUPER POTION 12 - POTION 13 - ESCAPE ROPE 14 - REPEL 15 - MAX ELIXER 16 - FIRE STONE 17 - THUNDERSTONE 18 - WATER STONE 1A - HP UP 1B - PROTEIN 1C - IRON 1D - CARBOS 1E - LUCKY PUNCH 1F - CALCIUM 20 - RARE CANDY 21 - X ACCURACY 22 - LEAF STONE 23 - METALPOWDER 24 - NUGGET 25 - POKé DOLL 26 - FULL HEAL 27 - REVIVE 28 - MAX-REVIVE 29 - GUARD SPEC. 2A - SUPER REPEL 2B - MAX REPEL 2C - DIRE HIT 2E - FRESH WATER 2F - SODA POP 30 - LEMONADE 31 - X ATTACK 33 - X DEFEND 34 - X SPEED 35 - X SPECIAL 36 - COIN CASE 37 - ITEMFINDER 39 - EXP.SHARE 3A - OLD ROD
3B - GOOD ROD 3C - SILVER LEAF 3D - SUPER ROD 3E - PP UP 3F - ETHER 40 - MAX ETHER 41 - ELIXER 42 - RED SCALE 43 - SECRETPOTION 44 - S.S. TICKET 45 - MYSTERY EGG 47 - SILVER WING 48 - MOOMOO MILK 49 - QUICK CLAW 4A - PSNCUREBERRY 4B - GOLD LEAF 4C - SOFT SAND 4D - SHARP BEAK 4E - PRZCUREBERRY 4F - BURNT BERRY 50 - ICE BERRY 51 - POISON BARB 52 - KING'S ROCK 53 - BITTER BERRY 54 - MINT BERRY 55 - RED APRICORN 56 - TINYMUSHROOM 57 - BIG MUSHROOM 58 - SILVERPOWDER 59 - BLU APRICORN 5B - AMULET COIN 5C - YLW APRICORN 5D - GRN APRICORN 5E - CLEANSE TAG 5F - MYSTIC WATER 60 - TWISTEDSPOON 61 - WHT APRICORN 62 - BLACKBELT 63 - BLK APRICORN 65 - PNK APRICORN 66 - BLACKGLASSES 67 - SLOWPOKETAIL 68 - PINK BOW 69 - STICK 6A - SMOKE BALL 6B - NEVERMELTICE 6C - MAGNET 6D - MIRACLEBERRY 6E - PEARL 6F - BIG PEARL
70 - EVERSTONE 71 - SPELL TAG 72 - RAGECANDYBAR 75 - MIRACLE SEED 76 - THICK CLUB 77 - FOCUS BAND 79 - ENERGYPOWDER 7A - ENERGY ROOT 7B - HEAL POWDER 7C - REVIVAL HERB 7D - HARD STONE 7E - LUCKY EGG 7F - CARD KEY 80 - MACHINE PART 82 - LOST ITEM 83 - STARDUST 84 - STAR PIECE 85 - BASEMENT KEY 86 - PASS 8A - CHARCOAL 8B - BERRYJUICE 8C - SCOPE LENS 8F - METAL COAT 90 - DRAGON FANG 92 - LEFTOVERS 96 - MYSTERYBERRY 97 - DRAGON SCALE 98 - BERSERK GENE 9C - SACRED ASH 9E - FLOWER MAIL A3 - LIGHT BALL A7 - NORMAL BOX A8 - GORGEOUS BOX A9 - SUN STONE AA - POLKADOT BOW AC - UP-GRADE AD - BERRY AE - GOLD BERRY AF - SQUIRTBOTTLE B2 - RAINBOW WING B4 - BRICK PIECE B5 - SURF MAIL B6 - LITEBLUEMAIL B7 - PORTRAITMAIL MAIL B8 - LOVELY MAIL B9 - EON MAIL BA - MORPH MAIL BB - BLUESKY MAIL BC - MUSIC MAIL BD - MIRAGE MAILDigitos de Pokébolas
01 - MASTER BALL02 - ULTRA BALL04 - GREAT BALL05 - POKé BALL
9D - HEAVY BALL9F - LEVEL BALLA0 - LURE BALLA1 - FAST BALL
A4 - FRIEND BALLA5 - MOON BALLA6 - LOVE BALLB1 - PARK BALLDigitos de TM's
71 - TM01 DYNAMICPUNCH 72 - TM02 HEADBUTT 73 - TM03 CURSE 74 - TM04 ROLLOUT 75 - TM05 ROAR 76 - TM06 TOXIC 77 - TM07 ZAP CANNON 78 - TM08 ROCK SMASH 79 - TM09 PSYCH UP 7A - TM10 HIDDEN POWER 7B - TM11 SUNNY DAY 7C - TM12 SWEET SCENT 7D - TM13 SNORE 7E - TM14 BLIZZARD 7F - TM15 HYPER BEAM 80 - TM16 ICY WIND
81 - TM17 PROTECT 82 - TM18 RAIN DANCE 83 - TM19 GIGA DRAIN 84 - TM20 ENDURE 85 - TM21 FRUSTRATION 86 - TM22 SOLAR BEAM 87 - TM23 IRON TAIL 88 - TM24 DRAGONBREATH 89 - TM25 THUNDER 8A - TM26 EARTHQUAKE 8B - TM27 RETURN 8C - TM28 DIG 8D - TM29 PSYCHIC 8E - TM30 SHADOW BALL 8F - TM31 MUD-SLAP 90 - TM32 DOUBLE TEAM
91 - TM33 ICE PUNCH 92 - TM34 SWAGGER 93 - TM35 SLEEP TALK 94 - TM36 SLUDGE BOMB 95 - TM37 SANDSTORM 96 - TM38 FIRE BLAST 97 - TM39 SWIFT 98 - TM40 DEFENSE CURL 99 - TM41 THUNDERPUNCH 9A - TM42 DREAM EATER 9B - TM43 DETECT 9C - TM44 REST 9D - TM45 ATTRACT 9E - TM46 THIEF 9F - TM47 STEEL WING A0 - TM48 FIRE PUNCH A1 - TM49 FURY CUTTER A2 - TM50 NIGHTMAREModificador de dia:1) Este es el código: 01XXDCD12) Reemplaza XX por:Lunes 00 - Martes 01 - Miercoles 02 Jueves 03 - Viernes 04 - Sábado 05 - Domingo 06Modificador de horarios:1) Este es el código: 01XXDDD12)Reemplaza XX por:Noche6 PM 12 - 7 PM 13 - 8 PM 14 - 9 PM 15 - 10 PM 16 11 PM 17 - 12 AM 00 - 1 AM 01 - 2 AM 02 - 3 AM 03Mañana4 AM 04 - 5 AM 05 - 6 AM 06 7 AM 07 - 8 AM 08 - 9 AM 09Día10 PM 0A - 11 AM 0B - 12 PM 0C - 1 PM 0D 2 PM 0E - 3 PM 0F - 4 PM 10 - 5 PM 11Modificador de Minutos1) Estos son los códigos: 01XXDED1 - 01XXDFD12) Reemplaza XX por: 0 00 - 1 01 - 2 02 - 3 03 - 4 045 05 - 6 06 - 7 07 - 8 08 - 9 09
          seccion trucos        
Rubí-Zafiro
Código
Pokémon
8EE6264B7FA5506A
Abra
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E1492CC860ECD40C584F
Absol
11F5BC3EFD0E5DD3
Aerodactyl
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 9F727E48188E88D7
Aggron
8F7B8FA551BE6519
Aipom
A52F239F157183AA
Alakazam
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 E482934074AE24CA
Altaria
03DB2EDAF1498315
Ampharos
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 761FA58F0C669A85
Anorith
E8B3D4787DB12D1A
Arbok
C997ECED821D7BE8
Arcanine
F50447946C4C5098
Ariados
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C68621E0CE91EAF2
Armaldo
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 6557E79B19945642
Aron
9F9A431719B26CE8
Articuno
24A676950E972009
Azumarill
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B42D1283C6EBBDBB
Azurill
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 7BC26643F6351EA3
Bagon
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 90AF0D841C4A45C9
Baltoy
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8E732451F6EF7BA4
Banette
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D99B190DCB5C3255
Barboach
FEDD6E758BF7942D
Bayleef
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 3866C190031535DD
Beautifly
4CD61B87F05305C0
Beedrill
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 662DB4A0150278A5
Beldum
EE1B4201DA9C6E71
Bellossom
0E6E78BE6553B936
Bellsprout
9DAC9AE70802D361
Blastoise
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 4A44AC2ED6B438D5
Blaziken
0160D183A2A2A1B6
Blissey
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 1D47A9C60524F0F7
Breloom
C7715E5D4B03490C
Bulbasaur
3D94CBE7806B75AA
Butterfree
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C4741BAE97124E11
Cacnea
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 7D2A47BB332D52F3
Cacturne
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B5B5FCBBCFCC8751
Camerupt
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B5A578B46F1B591B
Carvanha
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 0A70DC5617BA6B8E
Cascoon
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 528A0B971B7D1DB1
Castform
32D2BE301538D5E2
Caterpie
A3AFC93BCAE30FEC
Celebi
98A9EF2FD4933FE0
Chansey
5F4739E594A6717F
Charizard
86FC5D2E2AB49BE7
Charmander
8EF2FF70229DABA2
Charmeleon
025F2921710FE9F1
Chikorita
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 145A57F6ADDF1B3A
Chimecho
741082FC8EF7B960
Chinchou
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 944B4BE8D05C678B
Clamperl
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 CA8B36FCDF163AA9
Claydol
A245B05BDBA62586
Clefable
0A960AD32D88FB71
Clefairy
586090DB2EAC760B
Cleffa
6D655CDB8564F3D6
Cloyster
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 7CAD36227FCCA6ED
Combusken
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 23DAFA415B1ADBC8
Corphish
E3CBB814F78A0FF1
Corsola
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 A87F5761834F0FF9
Cradily
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 2E666CF332395439
Crawdaunt
BA64CBD74C67DA0E
Crobat
7171EB15E4ADEA22
Croconaw
AF9A564317D23C50
Cubone
F3595519C41CB89F
Cyndaquil
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 601F8154A460B6A7
Delcatty
8C2E6741D5F172A4
Delibird
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8C5DE8C8A33E9D88
Deoxys
E4A84A01E8F5F70B
Dewgong
4E0E095399832EC7
Diglett
5FD5479B25F61E5C
Ditto
CCF9E49B5E4CADA8
Dodrio
C86D9E0AD50F5094
Doduo
CBBEF9DC682596BC
Donphan
F4BD50DA1B890A51
Dragonair
B67EB1994491FC62
Dragonite
52F5EC2DDDD29409
Dratini
BA6D6DF7DE9213D6
Drowzee
CFBDF08694AFF44C
Dugtrio
E5355F5F23DE47E9
Dunsparce
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 359F51861F36099C
Dusclops
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 BD8E35D5CF92A431
Duskull
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 72F95810DB6FB4EF
Dustox
6817CACBB3725546
Eevee
9746090A9B13D34A
Ekans
EE7D62E6377677A7
Electabuzz
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 4E39C71B8B168004
Electrike
BA4A7DEEB6786158
Electrode
C5D22480A2CCC775
Elekid
ACE71E49475ACE5A
Entei
B33E1632D7F709D0
Espeon
771695BD9D8BE844
Exeggcute
84689B70FD33AE82
Exeggutor
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 A587A72ACAA20267
Exploud
0AD1026900EF2DDC
Farfetch'd
1B5E43BD9713080E
Fearow
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D884D95282F6FD48
Feebas
918632C39DDE2DBB
Feraligatr
3FE2F064BB639BA3
Flaaffy
B6691108227D02B3
Flareon
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B02489453BC0030F
Flygon
1EAC10AAD4B2DF5D
Foretress
D8607109AD28DB09
Furret
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 2BE7AED3B9751EC5
Gardevoir
5F526032B3FFFCE0
Gastly
EA51AA85C39E59D4
Gengar
F49F0B961CDA9CDE
Geodude
AFD25289DC56A0CD
Girafarig
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 CB8E1E838A0B06FF
Glalie
D48A22E1A90FC70A
Gligar
191292AD8DA00EED
Gloom
3955CE261CBBE2B7
Golbat
F29255BCBB65E9A6
Goldeen
E668AE7B6C41ABE6
Golduck
981E564320350C5C
Golem
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E1490F1B5F6C7656C3B9
Gorebyss
D2F305AD7D077739
Granbull
33202BC84B640AB3
Graveler
1C079E020E278333
Grimer
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 299CE04B43341CDD
Groudon
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 21F8BC366CC818B7
Grovyle
22B7647CF5951FC0
Growlithe
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8F6C9E12CB96CE33
Grumpig
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 179DCADEC474D278
Gulpin
EA48F52876018F4F
Gyarados
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 53D971FF007FAAEB
Hariyama
973AB5D9C4DD3650
Haunter
088236A9C6933F92
Heracross
513811EAEFBC54A8
Hitmonchan
29025DA46C67823C
Hitmonlee
A5C5D439AE264439
Hitmontop
92BB8BD9629E2D58
Ho-oh
78A0CD579A371B1F
Hoothoot
3BED40A5C056C098
Hoppip
A4EBBAA472E72233
Horsea
7FCE2C2638425484
Houndoom
A99587CCA49BC248
Houndour
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 5669AB79CAF18B71
Huntail
E4A57331BFD72F7E
Hypno
E5C58F0E70ACBAAA
Igglybuff
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 6D88B6F968D141AB
Illumise
AC386FDCE1057B11
Ivysaur
9D6FDEB59E31E1D8
Jigglypuff
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 FBC061A9072FC320
Jirachi
67F9841DE968DA3D
Jolteon
4A91807F7E5AE2BC
Jumpluff
E9B195209876042D
Jynx
F86734D5046D3F8F
Kabuto
922559183F823AF8
Kabutops
82A3DA434AFAFC8E
Kadabra
2C90148596BF028B
Kakuna
F5CAF2C4EEB3D467
Kangaskhan
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C07D2D075B6C82F2
Kecleon
FB5F56E3F2427C25
Kingdra
93F26FDC1621EFBB
Kingler
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 9B8D1405198957C8
Kirlia
3B75EE991DE0E837
Koffing
3F1B3D68D4401611
Krabby
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 9EFEC4E6F24D5813
Kyogre
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D4EFF5BB1311E2E8
Lairon
13534CCF5BB92C8C
Lanturn
24D3EE0E404F7B3D
Lapras
4C3FD6DDA72A38D9
Larvitar
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 EA64214226D6E5A6
Latias
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 79870CB095729832
Latios
349C7EAC1092228D
Ledian
50757C7AA393D46A
Ledyba
5E065A174F8282B0
Lickitung
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 4BEFDC30B4192001
Lileep
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 61DBEB9F92DBFA58
Linoone
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149A755369B4BD7F6F1
Lombre
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 2D5A7BBB525EF393
Lotad
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 67E17F195D6EDD71
Loudred
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 A20A4542D79124D0
Ludicolo
E57F3F7864F944D0
Lugia
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 372CE7DBA9C8EB5E
Lunatone
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 938CB852F9BB4D41
Luvdisc
D03BF77285346D77
Machamp
596DD0CA422404AF
Machoke
754794BB393FBB5E
Machop
C6A84B78810CD4FC
Magby
20CBDC4C87541E08
Magcargo
7C77F1892570754C
Magikarp
608711AD052765EC
Magmar
CCBFCC6A6B608D39
Magnemite
A772B75BC41A2001
Magneton
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 E1F4794A887F06BF
Makuhita
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 3A4F2D33CBF5A1B4
Manectric
16FE10289A936148
Mankey
F554A963EDA859B6
Mantine
B3323FA400976EED
Mareep
76ECA4FF35F8C4F9
Marill
B3A12885D5D4DA48
Marowak
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 29BA2D42D510FFBA
Marshtomp
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 BB6A3047431DFCFF
Masquerain
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 FC8A82EA704658D9
Mawile
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 85B4AF9A41D7B768
Medicham
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 E9D1D48800D975CA
Meditite
09C6FA0D4F0F5773
Meganium
4107EE5459F45AC6
Meowth
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 E62FCE6B99A4823D
Metagross
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 72B850FD79DE57D2
Metang
AF02EDC2534F3FF1
Metapod
71E09BD117FDFD02
Mew
30621E6F164FED85
Mewtwo
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 37A90703F49DE0B4
Mightyena
A454BB281CEC3F83
Miltank
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8F700F622CA08221
Milotic
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 AC9122B26257AAE0
Minun
38744E791BFB4656
Misdreavus
A265FB705EAE2980
Moltres
9FC2557019FFADC8
Mr.Mime
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 2E05069411BC05B3
Mudkip
88E7528B4EDE64E8
Muk
F3BA401D74110D94
Murkrow
F4462DB1AF5C874E
Natu
83AF0E64308DCF7A
Nidoking
A4115F36A58D2F6E
Nidoqueen
D98621833DC52ADF
Nidoran H
115EE33A047E08D9
Nidoran M
340466380412FF7B
Nidorina
E6FAC0215BFBC7E4
Nidorino
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 55513D199B3DE2D4
Nincada
8B104BC53BBB0554
Ninetales
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 957DE792C4607DA8
Ninjask
FBDBF52B3623B52C
Noctowl
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C446CE3B97CD0DC3
Nosepass
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D2583A425BE8CB0E
Numel
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 189F92E1D21F4478
Nuzleaf
9202ED83F6B41A95
Octillery
FD90C5C22B982804
Oddish
BA9282BB1ADDD98B
Omanyte
F01152ED876CFF58
Omastar
43CBABBBB7155781
Onix
28F47730F2BE0E37
Paras
8F320452F34DE558
Parasect
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 1DB3DE68672324D6
Pelipper
574E9E37CF91E972
Persian
8F5688F458987C65
Phanpy
AE371D2FDBA3CE4E
Pichu
ED21FD834D34C446
Pidgeot
B5A3B3244A2ABD7E
Pidgeotto
FB5B7B2ECB8F711B
Pidgey
76575913837E7434
Pikachu
1AEE78F1D6412BED
Piloswine
AB82F0EE7D884FB9
Pineco
525180240E93A551
Pinsir
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 84F628669F914B8B
Plusle
5BA115A03330A906
Politoed
DDCAE2B248356075
Poliwag
7522AE0F219A6D01
Poliwhirl
9895E70849248155
Poliwrath
3EBEFE1EA8493773
Ponyta
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 99A5DB56D3F68AE7
Poochyena
D763E945C958628C
Porygon
F24D39631DE32FEB
Porygon2
29B920D4925D9207
Primeape
10CAB90DFBA1D606
Psyduck
C9AC6A5E6A92796A
Pupitar
6E59C1C960930723
Quagsire
B962659CFD1C1893
Quilava
7148B7F0D8D53003
Qwilfish
44DC46432E37823B
Raichu
BCFEE7CDB19EA1CF
Raikou
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 CA880BEE01C3CE5E
Ralts
3D7098F8603A63BA
Rapidash
CBB024C33D4E94CF
Raticate
3F2FF398386736A6
Rattata
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C5946A0E65BE02B0
Rayquaza
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 6F5F7F3EFEA00143
Regice
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 CE51186D3686F6D2
Regirock
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 349C482149728D68
Registeel
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E1497B29CACCD014F65D
Relicanth
4D67593131AC8869
Remoraid
195DB2BBA4007417
Rhydon
A50BBA40C59DE2FE
Rhyhorn
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B0DA39C505276564
Roselia
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 17592A4C2C72F873
Sableye
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 F683728DA1CB7A38
Salamence
A90E57848E3070F2
Sandshrew
DB655BDA4885F2BA
Sandslash
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 5157CACF5EB25845
Sceptile
FA2F872FB24A679F
Scizor
C4C02E8BCB6C0843
Scyther
CFC5CD163BFE5AED
Seadra
C0BF93BBDF9273D4
Seaking
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 CE85182FFEAF53F9
Sealeo
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 DB37D9E1B8BA4066
Seedot
0C2314C919D3DAD8
Seel
6BC6D1883A1559EB
Sentret
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 6E2ED8A024431D98
Seviper
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C62B84580FC8B29A
Sharpedo
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 665C2F42369D779C
Shedinja
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 5CFB59B9D08C1A10
Shelgon
1EA5B82C6AE3C655
Shellder
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8DC39BCF3F710E3E
Shiftry
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C5FFADC845F66362
Shroomish
919B1A5D72F996F6
Shuckle
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 5DBF2FCF30E8F421
Shuppet
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8183477EE90ADD46
Silcoon
7E5EFBAAF9D18289
Skarmory
A200463BD753895E
Skiploom
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D7DF0A988D70EB4D
Skitty
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 2B48952F978365BD
Slaking
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 0F8A29BA2C2D1529
Slakoth
14A9A5E73C6D8285
Slowbro
D7E57A96CC7B875E
Slowking
33AD5E4E1F464A59
Slowpoke
2B169F23E11514BC
Slugma
36066CF966A42091
Smeargle
D035F68752B30C9D
Smoochum
663BCF6FE0AC9C73
Sneasel
65B08809FC26812C
Snorlax
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 2817970AE0F6D0E4
Snorunt
5EB71E4A7E4F4C2B
Snubbull
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D2CE7A4B797F7E89
Solrock
D50BE2E3E9AC080B
Spearow
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D4515AC17C2BD132
Spheal
1BCCE89836AE52D4
Spinarak
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E14955429ABD95D438C4
Spinda
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8EA4FCB93A913D4D
Spoink
F18A71B3474EF1FF
Squirtle
F289D9072638EA9B
Stantler
56831CCB1A47A4DC
Starmie
3B32D43049596504
Staryu
E5181BD87D70413E
Steelix
8A0F695E0306DC83
Sudowoodo
0C0BC2BE64E725C6
Suicune
EA4F4358A731A363
Sunflora
BCD70C60DC720840
Sunkern
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C246C624FDB5125D
Surskit
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 0DA20954262C11C0
Swablu
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 0A68434581A60674
Swalot
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B8C7D72F087B6595
Swampert
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 1DA4F7E6F247F39A
Swellow
432D0CD9868F6A6A
Swinub
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 451597F6A1578DD9
Taillow
B1510A8B506644ED
Tangela
3ED3C52A46C14BD1
Tauros
4536DAC419FE88AB
Teddiursa
36F4CD32ACE8CCB4
Tentacool
B3106F93C70F4300
Tentacruel
F656D5214B02FC73
Togepi
53F6DE66941BAC84
Togetic
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E1499DB4C3198219060A
Torchic
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 F85BC8EB7CF30E57
Torkoal
658B55E601699F03
Totodile
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 F406B3200DAA38F6
Trapinch
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 5BAE22AD8F7D3013
Treecko
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 0BB19CBCFA943A3E
Tropius
4281A0400FD71E37
Typhlosion
D9A33817C2429A0C
Tyranitar
057BFEC07D24A566
Tyrogue
E6FCAD89AF77B153
Umbreon
1DEE8D9BC2C80AD7
Unown
5668474AF3AEF7A9
Ursaring
418E41694A61E666
Vaporeon
7498F3A37D8DE734
Venomoth
CC91885BA7BDA5D0
Venonat
6C0E650D9151DC36
Venusaur
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 007CC3331A7F8A4A
Vibrava
D1797B9BBC093A3F
Victreebel
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B3EE281789EA6EFC
Vigoroth
7B389B12790FFF7D
Vileplume
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 BC71207B319D605F
Volbeat
6FABB900F3EEEC61
Voltorb
E9243AE60707C461
Vulpix
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 6870774EDCCF5C26
Wailmer
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 A36ED36F10EDDF89
Wailord
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C6B2B1226711B417
Walrein
600C15C97A07635B
Wartortle
0F02955878490C5D
Weedle
29CC9E0EF1D7F477
Weepinbell
4878DB3CEA7C31E1
Weezing
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 B964DDC53615D4B1
Whiscash
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 D521BFDAF306CE43
Whismur
FF704C3BBDE35BC2
Wigglytuff
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 BB0893DA002DE3DF
Wingull
1922B64C93A475E6
Wobbuffet
91166348E9B56CFC
Wooper
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 C3DA6AFF0F7B7083
Wurmple
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E1494A9EBB58037F6B34
Wynaut
51CAB7300E9283C0
Xatu
7D316ADF4B760643
Yanma
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 8CEF1F80060461DD
Zangoose
9C30E2E21F157234
Zapdos
82FBD860AE242721313D2BCE9004E149 CBA3EA0392726DCC
Zigzagoon
A5F54B4743289103
Zubat
Para cambiar los movimientos hay que dirigirse al tutor de Pueblo Pardal y llevar Esc. corazón por cada movimiento que se desee elegir. Los códigos funcionan para las versiones en inglés y en español.
Rubí-Zafiro
Código
Movimiento
CD804409BD10B113
Absorb
074C6442220ABF64
Acid
E061BA16BF0107CD
Acid armor
613500C111945224
Aerial ace
FBDCC0FE6E146F91
Aeroblast
33085161A6740AC3
Agility
F14FA21DC1588DF6
Air cutter
19AAE9D9997AE74D
Amnesia
6054E98436A92C49
Ancientpower
9AE90AFEC682750E
Arm thrust
A16961DC8B61CA64
Aromatherapy
D404434C1F15BC9D
Assist
10AF8B297A6253E9
Astonish
9D8950D44300D7F5
Attract
947F47D044102FD8
Aurora beam
289E8298385F71CC
Barrage
D27E4849651FC94A
Barrier
D65E7B4CA5C81544
Baton pass
57C3D2883DA2A7DD
Beat up
D8E2033FBED0B6F1
Bide
0F611A0B92B2A88A
Bind
52168A3DFEA31E7B
Bite
81648070978B4000
Blast burn
71588FDE89E15B38
Blaze kick
85B865167978C21A
Blizzard
34A6440AD19B604D
Block
D9BB46CEDEB824CE
Body slam
6E72E0307A4EA6FB
Bone club
42A43F9A1677BEB7
Bone rush
08AF7ABA27EEE84A
Bonemerang
72ABD1C7AD1CA736
Bounce
E036AE624FC5FD97
Brick break
7D279F8CF3F40435
Bubble
DCD8CB2AE5BEEF3E
Bubblebeam
149C3CB73E220922
Bulk up
ED5FD2B9380F103C
Bullet seed
CE10CECF0C787895
Calm mind
5830688825610B40
Camouflage
C11851C180C84060
Charge
AC96D62FAF84E9A5
Charm
BF0B0E7550F7C388
Clamp
9EC5AF821916B815
Comet punch
D8E1C6C6908494AF
Confuse ray
B0AABD94336B0754
Confusion
F83E8C612D3DFD51
Constrict
002F4B3B3B071AEF
Conversion
13AADABB589E47F4
Conversion 2
63B3B87B910D5B2C
Cosmic power
5DA31FFBAC06DF54
Cotton spore
57FD854B90E10AED
Counter
1931B43F3219C5B5
Covet
B607D4E6E191E014
Crabhammer
38A3E576C93F4F93
Cross chop
65520C7AF808194D
Crunch
EDECE8F39F72F6B0
Crush claw
DF14B9CBE4546E1B
Curse
E6FDBCAA7C2AFD51
Cut
78F9E1154BE6235C
Defense curl
A27903670794E437
Destiny bond
4BFFB2E16756AAEC
Detect
0AD9018E810ACF43
Dig
A85F0777213A57FA
Disable
7580A2D947862666
Dive
7991CF06D5AF599E
Dizzy punch
FB2AD2A025A8B85E
Doom desire
88A98CA5FB3AC17A
Double kick
F95B470E884833E7
Double team
6248AC262C500465
Double-edge
2F1C8F9CB59A5E08
Doubleslap
500403C2036889DA
Dragon claw
A369A0F94C18A62D
Dragon dance
868BC3F98346232E
Dragon rage
C53C39A4F022632E
Dragonbreath
78E0302B81750E25
Dream eater
C1DBB59F79EDAF30
Drill peck
97A16296B1E940DB
Dynamicpunch
1FE146C13003F916
Earthquake
88C0735899C348F4
Egg Bomb
A996461FE88372A7
Ember
B6D30E212FE0ADE1
Encore
D6CD712561507C40
Endeavor
8D885EB34A77263B
Endure
453CD14110BCD868
Eruption
0A9FA091F1CC328B
Explosion
FF43F61D5EB36DFF
Extrasensory
B4D936A8EF17C45D
Extremespeed
C0BE09A57CB172E1
Facade
B415B262D6425157
Faint attack
C4DC235375875404
Fake out
9426FAACA60B022F
Fake tears
F596E98D774227ED
False swipe
191908034773DA70
Featherdance
F8183351AE192C19
Fire blast
A324B674271F9BC7
Fire punch
873046C83619F940
Fire spin
2CECFBE744053E2F
Fissure
C0BC61FFA09A9316
Flail
1FF5E6FA6A162F2A
Flame wheel
8CD7750B0FD6808E
Flamethrower
B5D68E52EF85CB3D
Flash
B98D942BFB1D53D0
Flatters
74A6BC4952897A68
Fly
A8C42055695FDBB5
Focus energy
D622D71AA5880E55
Focus punch
7C362FD7E8EBACCE
Follow me
3A2B7BCB7B253259
Foresight
45B6DB9302322022
Frenzy plant
BAF7199AEC0EB084
Frustration
122659DD06FD2C9A
Fury attack
D7D38492672B1DD6
Fury cutter
00017D8FF78A68B5
Fury swipes
3F46F5D8B5F9E8DE
Future sight
C9C5408DCA158DEC
Giga drain
4194951F19F41063
Glare
3D459F9088BA8ED4
Grasswhistle
916CF34085CA44E8
Growl
14CCF47A8AB0ECDA
Growth
A66BCF1281B994F2
Grudge
993257F49A001576
Guillotine
440AD37F50FEFAC3
Gust
294B3594F94D886D
Hail
2CD49769870FDED6
Harden
EF38FBAF9F13E67E
Haze
018F0F12CFDDBFB8
Headbutt
146DAA6892644E09
Heal bell
2906CE5607063E9D
Heat wave
FB0EFFA2DE9C1575
Helping hand
DCD681404EA6D55D
Hi jump kick
D0E0A33914AD9B7E
Hidden power
85B84F72F27041BD
Horn attack
27FCB966857A91A0
Horn drill
01E3A63A9C89656B
Howl
17DECF7FEE7EE9AE
Hydro cannon
109ED4A5D38FED21
Hydro pump
8039A7F43C5E8C4E
Hyper beam
691E0C2871EF2A9C
Hyper fang
B7D746D724E949DC
Hyper voice
639D354E2CBC0B79
Hypnosis
74F34042A55BD366
Ice ball
A269415325E83A95
Ice beam
03261C1DA79AB46C
Ice punch
0B297B0CF1F1FF51
Icicle spear
6441522E33DC426F
Icy wind
4B0CDD57670F2ECE
Imprison
7CBFCAD9A1573C09
Ingrain
A38551EC49CEC239
Iron defense
29EEAC7797771240
Iron tail
E7BB08FBAF5F62F6
Jump kick
662E26C0DF79C55E
Karate chop
8D05FEE0BFCE4FAB
Kinesis
101F1B7448704842
Knock off
44FDCDC107FC432A
Leaf blade
E91019ECE596D71E
Leech life
6ABD2DA9CF194803
Leech seed
A37E635962804DFD
Leer
FF4502277785EE09
Lick
FA06E0A2F96D1E4A
Light screen
DE9AFAA671152075
Lock-on
539FBF92B0C5AA9B
Lovely kiss
D37D60956D24F21C
Low kick
F175EA00DE26D4CD
Luster purge
789F5CD852C4FF99
Mach punch
B5371AEAA4BF212E
Magic coat
D82FBDAEE9FEBBE9
Magical leaf
4E6A815BF4DD9B66
Magnitude
A05B6AB00D2CA6C8
Mean look
4F12314F31C0EBD2
Meditate
A5C435DBF94FFAB3
Mega drain
CAC9CD359D818801
Mega kick
E9C8E905BB07D729
Mega punch
67D0F9A1BD8415AD
Megahorn
33AFBDE867A45E06
Memento
1F58852ECB67EC71
Metal claw
4095C21744C01D69
Metal sound
58E6D7C45EAF8702
Meteor mash
41A4744CF08612CE
Metronome
8DBBCC48F9466A6B
Milk drink
D3A76106B5875498
Mimic
CB89B92D1D76DF0D
Mind reader
89327E45E4418BB1
Minimize
8392B6D463157D49
Mirror coat
588DA182325559C2
Mirror move
5ED3B29A0F5CC6C4
Mist
524922EB6F82FBCE
Mist ball
5D24D1740F93DA95
Moonlight
79B93556E3215C41
Morning sun
5589834A2F2D13BC
Mud shot
0D4B1A18A799831F
Mud sport
F14A02A2E4199865
Muddy water
38E18B8B1F7B8190
Mud-slap
6DEC458D2E795ADE
Nature power
20164143F9685C9B
Needle arm
F517EF27F4B924F7
Night shade
4A1880198F1D517F
Nightmare
AE10ABBAA2319D19
Octazooka
61867CF3B4B7C8C1
Odor sleuth
04E07D1475531DA0
Outrage
F3FA63CD95942F27
Overheat
86AA0D2BCC120F892
Pain split
6D3C10785E5A0108
Pay day
CD17531A139AA7EC
Peck
57A8754EA6B291BA
Perish song
AA789A9F94080799
Petal dance
AA43799F3FE3519B
Pin missile
6B8CC006DF5436FC
Poison fang
3007707E1A6848BB
Poison gas
DD915B33B7C71C96
Poison sting
AD2BB52E4C8B7BCB
Poison tail
4176A6F8AD3D5502
Poisonpowder
AF536358A4F1BF11
Pound
E33BA0678C4EDD58
Powder snow
6688F058DB5A646E
Present
981653C8D5212B8B
Protect
37BDFACD3A77D1C0
Psybeam
C9134FBCC402A5F1
Psych up
EA812FBDEF26645E
Psychic
01CB74D4F83CED62
Psycho boost
0D935F9C5338FBB2
Psywave
B5C4A6C6A99B9D9E
Pursuit
F7AC1778A5F8D577
Quick attack
D51A7C1CB11ABA02
Rage
6EDAA00EF4972FED
Rain dance
E671FA3D13EB4DBB
Rapid spin
B57AC0F49C179B18
Razor leaf
3709801E7AE09023
Razor wind
9D9293564045209E
Recover
98464B10B0BC1E68
Recycle
C60F647745B6A87B
Reflect
942A88456FCCDAB0
Refresh
351F33E3DBCF8C44
Rest
ECA2F0C17EE3E4E2
Return
33A64B5266EF891E
Revenge
FFAE0089F380DEBC
Reversal
AF913F98BA392E5C
Roar
290286EA7C7912A9
Rock blast
A94DD28D11F5D153
Rock slide
BDA4C542CAB2D6D8
Rock smash
FA0BEA17DAC63776
Rock throw
C0007F1178A91A63
Rock tomb
8DE6779B26D2893A
Role play
4A53917A567CB69D
Rolling kick
781ECE04BC1D795D
Rollout
035345E3704A816C
Sacred fire
599D4545D22BD2AA
Safeguard
A231AFB420579023
Sand tomb
3BA3B695675AA2AE
Sand-attack
6B05A1BF11568CDA
Sandstorm
0B4A07B030C05A3C
Scary face
33CA11E32EDD10A5
Scratch
18A35F31D5094101
Screech
8FDA52A807E0BE23
Secret power
C1A314688829A33D
Seismic toss
8209000EB209E9AD
Selfdestruct
83F9393043F39EBF
Shadow ball
9EF2FDF328327183
Shadow punch
9728756E4C5B4F4A
Sharpen
91277448D28D1456
Sheer cold
F0A0E8E7DC255F4C
Shock wave
89802CF3B9D1FC08
Signal beam
9B5CFEA4B78FADB3
Silver wind
BA978810107DC45D
Sing
93229C4F5E409E8C
Sketch
D901AAAC4E9A4754
Skill swap
34F99BC0C2A70130
Skull bash
DC930EA7E1E2FE43
Sky attack
EBAF9D5334A7F8F1
Sky uppercut
FD0F1430DD2716FD
Slack off
A21905CACB210F21
Slam
0EF21E063E6A35D4
Slash
594761566BD06AD9
Sleep powder
9A701D9F678C4C4B
Sleep talk
C548B09FAED2262E
Sludge
E061257564559B41
Sludge bomb
CD02DDF725C896D4
Smellingsalt
4400951512991CC3
Smog
65366C7DF818F035
Smokescreen
B0A00306B9229028
Snatch
E25AB755B02FCB8A
Snore
C52F28102F206D67
Softboiled
42F371A8C387F530
Solarbeam
84B5AA2CC1E60D47
Sonicboom
FA5D6FC1456751A5
Spark
B18D4DA6A5DA8355
Spider web
1BC46CEFCB63DF0E
Spike cannon
9C790436C6A56C72
Spikes
ABD40E8F0473B9C8
Spit up
573606949A8F439F
Spite
0FC50279D2317A58
Splash
5FD14067175A7CCC
Spore
C1559879FBB054D4
Steel wing
D0886CCFDF5A3389
Stockpile
7452479A785E792E
Stomp
E1E1E6E351C15287
Strength
B2278A0531FD22F2
String shot
E6138EEE2C57F670
Struggle
A859C36F53630023
Stun spore
9DB9BCCD02251833
Submission
123C702BD65F3C11
Substitute
49E66F280C44A5D4
Sunny day
53CE9865EAD6FA18
Super fang
A3855CCDC9FB3CCB
Superpower
0032E6B802423A94
Supersonic
80DAF8D7540B2CB0
Surf
C688CAE710A80EE8
Swagger
093846232BB9FD71
Swallow
B2F90115BD51E9DE
Sweet kiss
41AC4211CFED51FB
Sweet scent
9DE18D551BE18B37
Swift
2D33C1F2953C122D
Swords dance
A89E27E881AE5703
Synthesis
76448459ED87ACF5
Tackle
13FBC52607BBFCE2
Tail glow
2C42696BD40035D4
Tail whip
CDE7DAA3F84038A6
Take down
D6EBE6E17E1779F3
Taunt
06A904AB4ABD25C6
Teeter dance
FC1455F17DD4381F
Teleport
45FFA8C9D7FE225D
Thief
118A979EC8BAD9A1
Thrash
301B052E9C0CBFB1
Thunder
48843533D75B5539
Thunder wave
96E06E82AF2E6A1E
Thunderbolt
2DC59282D6584860
Thunderpunch
A37D432A912BFF7D
Thundershock
68F5AD08ABE1C80A
Tickle
05A3B8CEA179C527
Torment
1D852F261344C778
Toxic
5CD284DE8390BA9B
Transform
D72BBB6629C53ABC
Tri attack
2AFF7C629CDB7D3B
Trick
C50EE3C7770C45EA
Triple kick
9BEE70F418F3340F
Twineedle
11DB51A89AFB1D09
Twister
4D20F1B19558EF26
Uproar
A94CD9A7B3213623
Vicegrip
2AFC552BFAD64B6F
Vine whip
D3F474F4B34B8CE5
Vital throw
8B0773A6729ACAC3
Volt tackle
D14DAEAFE705281A
Water gun
F1C680A1DF188961
Water pulse
8F4E6DFEC76C535F
Water sport
92D8B9E7E4BE36EA
Water spout
5510A1B61C96A7A5
Waterfall
4CE56262C5E7412D
Weather ball
5DCD35E865301578
Whirlpool
B757B6AFB0C564D4
Whirlwind
E925FB3F8906A8CF
Will-o-wisp
7A44C4D3F40AE7C4
Wing attack
E94E58CE7C2DC62D
Wish
64ABD82C9C0ECFFC
Withdraw
65F99D75E022CA07
Wrap
37779FB751BF6129
Yawn
AF42C181E0DDD42A
Zap cannon
El código elegido incorporará el objeto en el primer lugar de la lista de la sección objetos de la mochila. Los sharks funcionan para las versiones en inglés y en español.
Rubí-Zafiro
Código
Objeto
22B168A4328EA691
Acro bike
457F8D1810DE6AE5
Aguav berry
B7EE894FB8AF6DE2
Amulet coin
576A65A75D83C8E3
Antidote
B3EFF67E4D9AD87E
Apicot berry
8F803359EE2A8807
Aspear berry
57BC235363C90189
Awakening
945C6403976E9943
Basement key
5907D32B33AF53DA
Bead mail
D42D1B2A7EE37950
Belue berry
20B1F47154E206FE
Berry juice
038DD0BDF32B6628
Big mushroom
10ABF8B22EBB05FD
Big pearl
940A1B83A3137DE2
Black belt
86F1DC8F627D12F0
Black flute
5CFA7EF59C8AC697
Blackglasses
4905C34FCA15914D
Bluck berry
08B60F5A4A298C3F
Blue flute
A27CEB1D2D2FED5F
Blue orb
3F296D41D7A085FF
Blue scarf
6BB4C13968864F4E
Blue shard
6BEDDFE4EEDA2AF2
Brightpowder
509727A08D071401
Burn heal
73288A33161F95F1
Calcium
706EF37525C4FD10
Carbos
3EBB21E78B07014F
Charcoal
575540ECE5816B87
Cheri berry
99C5211AA526DD45
Chesto berry
13E93AC84E0C7DE1
Choice band
FC03009BF2143F59
Claw fossil
5AEB4C56C3A83D38
Cleanse tag
E170C83B3B968C35
Coin case
3D8D6479AA46C366
Contest pass
15252161D431B3C9
Cornn berry
71C272FBE53C5135
Deepseascale
55FF234398FAB491
Deepseatooth
6A16373CC693DD86
Devon goods
7C54460B38C28B52
Devon scope
82FF65ACF635B63E
Dire hit
3B53887F4C65B384
Dive ball
E0AE000C9C0113DD
Dragon fang
029B51FD4033A14E
Dragon scale
B5AC917B53473584
Dream mail
098893AA2BB5D801
Durin berry
9BBC8A1619735B43
Elixir
E1B8110A2AFC79F1
Energy powder
20507B4E58C91963
Energy root
4CCC3AE9495552F4
Enigma berry
F444CA88ABDFE871
Eon ticket
01FFD7869E6F27B3
Escape rope
F146DE589DB7C212
Ether
539C58138DFF1EB3
EverStone
B453C9D2D4AE04DD
Exp. share
C0B92E553E9A79CC
Fab mail
2DCD40CC74D3CA6F
Figy berry
FAC5B86EC128F459
Fire stone
413F070BE8C0CD01
Fluffy tail
6D25713B3E211EC6
Focus band
CA94F91939D24B95
Fresh water
2A39166078F721E1
Full heal
34339DD51EF5F784
Full restore
983C172C92C07D43
Ganlon berry
C3EDEA53C00AD9A1
Glitter mail
E4C30FF1B7A68C3D
Go-Goggles
340006693A0471D2
Good rod
5EEB6CF40D0A13F2
Great ball
2349F0497A1F02DC
Green scarf
26A776CABBDBB14D
Green shard
AFFD3CFCCF3B01E4
Grepa berry
C1903DDF6E497CAC
Guard spec.
5927521CF714F636
Harbor mail
3036B383096CC295
Hard stone
1A4DF6F2DCA61AF1
Heal powder
4D98A6A61D8BD0CF
Heart scale
3646C1855196F78C
HM01 Cut
327ED2AB11F94565
HM02 Fly
D83FC1CB3DF397AD
HM03 Surf
C2508EDDC9439156
HM04 Strength
A352E002EBA811CD
HM05 Flash
7043DCA92BA1FF11
HM06 Rock smash
A90E207ABE355FB8
HM07 Waterfall
F12F5BBE2045DEBD
HM08 Dive
136B89F709B6EB46
Hondew berry
8792AC57545F829D
HP up
643A071F9D828EEE
Hyper potion
993A779F7028EA83
Iapapa berry
8B4E294361E6C6C4
Ice heal
32FE10A74BF7FBE6
Iron
77E0417FFC7E07E4
Itemfinder
838FE73383386B3D
Kelpsy berry
436B789176B711F6
King's rock
59D89A17C3C7730A
Lansat berry
A806CD4F89694072
Lava cookie
93ACC4E7FD7AEAAB
Lax incense
9C9B2736397A8922
Leaf stone
88F0F14C06C3CD9B
Leftovers
62FC3A75CA15D1A0
Lemonade
E957EA1C88287B79
Lepa berry
066394C47D293CCE
Letter
9B8746894977535B
Liechi berry
3CAE1054B8E6C59F
Light ball
D3CC7586166F5137
Lucky egg
FF845516D7BC5569
Lucky punch
B203C5DDEAEC14A4
Lum berry
A016762FC2966BA1
Luxury ball
4241A66C163DF4B1
Mach bike
349AD5A38A6B5ECD
Macho brace
DDFE6188D84CF1F8
Magnet
30C4226E8C7E5A07
Mago berry
32B0EB3945481EAB
Magost berry
910C4AFB679BA66A
Master ball
0B429C84D8C2A295
Max elixir
4FDD5DF3132F4191
Max ether
F3B321E23ACD9A31
Max potion
9C4C2A23AFEF40A5
Max repel
1876EDD43AF04C39
Max revive
73C6C506F2224396
Mech mail
B059B6B9FD82A3B8
Mental herb
051C8DFC088E5C0A
Metal coat
A73FBFDBAEA42E00
Metal powder
2A3347548B2DEFC1
Meteorite
1FEA56E0FF0F5EB7
Miracle seed
49743A9D19A01D6F
Moomoo milk
6F73C5753FB65869
Moon stone
F8A77C67F5B35447
Mystic water
6C40E3784FBCA3A5
Nanab berry
C4FF827966689214
Nest ball
0EC2C6A5495E579D
Net ball
28CAAB641ACEB8F1
Nevermeltice
D4D256E6A52EC3CC
Nomel berry
83EA3B5D5EFAA783
Nugget
87504332FEC6211C
Old rod
82B79965AAE19A37
Oran berry
1A4124BA53F5A6D0
Orange mail
D7B02B84CFADD28D
Pamtre berry
71B1D38E035CF3DC
Parlyz heal
17E9118CF3539011
Pearl
85FD4F286445E0AF
Pecha berry
D28C33FED71FC306
Persim berry
F7862837A94D9AF5
Petaya berry
F6F8737C82AE6CB9
Pinap berry
01C6B59749F71C06
Pink scarf
A4A9206B0EB91184
Poison barb
123EC0014F5CB7FA
Poké ball
90DA412D63E73F49
Poké doll
352ACE0C24F2F3C6
PokéBlock case
1BF36C01090B781B
Pomeg berry
B312DED86BD09E5A
Potion
E9134F6FED25F2E4
PP max
641ADA9D31FAD61A
PP up
1A73E4F66090E68F
Premier ball
7561C8648B561B91
Protein
5BA299A61D33A859
Qualot berry
A3CB5E3C04A783F4
Quick claw
02735BE4992E8204
Rabuta berry
148ACF21563F363D
Rare candy
91C13F7346FB8C54
Rawst berry
47A3E5BC72EEE6BA
Razz berry
76FB008BD4528415
Red flute
9B4526B7F799D850
Red orb
62E93463E29D36F1
Red scarf
025D508084304EF1
Red shard
944EFEF8CE670A24
Repeat ball
B194BBDE9578302A
Repel
499015630C12E487
Retro mail
79554251E9C8817D
Revival herb
06FB9B8AE311F52C
Revive
F97C806FED26C2F8
Rm. 1 key
5CA1D47A78FA9E98
Rm. 2 key
F8591678F3559EC0
Rm. 4 key
19D09227A74250C6
Rm. 6 key
AA1464A7520EDFFF
Root fossil
F26059F22D7C7451
S.S. ticket
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Sacred ash
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Safari ball
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Salac berry
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Scanner
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Scope lens
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Sea incense
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Shadow mail
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Sharp beak
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Shell bell
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Shoal salt
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Shoal shell
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Silk scarf
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Silverpowder
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Sitrus berry
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Smoke ball
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Soda pop
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Soft sand
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Soot sack
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Soothe bell
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Soul dew
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Spell tag
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Spelon berry
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Star piece
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Stardust
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Starf berry
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Stick
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Storage key
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Sun stone
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Super potion
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Super repel
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Super rod
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Thick club
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Thunderstone
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Timer ball
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Tinymushroom
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TM01 Focus punch
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TM02 Dragon claw
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TM03 Water pulse
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TM04 Calm mind
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TM05 Roar
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TM06 Toxic
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TM07 Hail
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TM08 Bulk up
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TM09 Bullet seed
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TM10 Hidden power
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TM11 Sunny day
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TM12 Taunt
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TM13 Ice beam
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TM14 Blizzard
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TM15 Hyper beam
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TM16 Light screen
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TM17 Protect
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TM18 Rain dance
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TM19 Giga drain
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TM20 Safeguard
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TM21 Frustration
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TM22 Solar beam
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TM23 Iron tail
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TM24 Thunderbolt
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TM25 Thunder
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TM26 Earthquake
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TM27 Return
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TM28 Dig
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TM29 Psychic
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TM30 Shadow ball
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TM31 Brick break
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TM32 Double team
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TM33 Reflect
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TM34 Shock wave
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TM35 Flamethrower
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TM36 Sludge bomb
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TM37 Sandstorm
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TM38 Fire blast
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TM39 Rock tomb
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TM40 Aerial ace
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TM41 Torment
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TM42 Facade
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TM43 Secret power
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TM44 Rest
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TM45 Attract
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TM46 Thief
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TM47 Steel wing
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TM48 Skill swap
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TM49 Snatch
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TM50 Overheat
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Tomato berry
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Tropical mail
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Twistedspoon
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Ultra ball
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Up-grade
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Wailmer pail
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Water stone
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Watmel berry
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Wave mail
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Wepear berry
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White flute
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White herb
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Wiki berry
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Wood mail
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X accuracy
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X attack
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X defend
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X special
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X speed
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Yellow flute
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Yellow scarf
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Yellow shard
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Zinc

el codigo del pokemon es siempre arriba del nombre del pokemon
          TOWN Residential Announces Expansion Into the Prime Neighborhoods of Brooklyn Heights and Williamsburg        

Each new location will initially accommodate a dedicated sales and leasing manager and up to twenty hyper-focused local experts handpicked from both within the firm and the industry.

(PRWeb September 30, 2016)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2016/10/prweb13731302.htm


          [emerging tech] "Web Engineering: The Evolution of New Technologies" & the Ultimate Killer App        
Friday, July 23, 2004
Dateline: China
 
Reviews of papers from the current (July/August 2004) issue of Computing in Science & Engineering, special issue on "Web Engineering: The Evolution of New Technologies."  To order articles from this issue, first click on http://tinyurl.com/5ktaw .
 
Earlier this week I posted excerpts from the lead article in the current issue of CiSE.  The article was titled, "Managing XML Data: An Abridged Overview," which is a good, accurate title.  The excerpts contain useful links, too. 
 
I am going to take a variety of approaches for handling four other papers in this special issue.  However, I first want to provide a link to the introduction to this special issue, i.e., http://tinyurl.com/6sbjx .  The intro itself provides a few useful references and links.
 
The second article is titled, "Information Retrieval Techniques for Peer-to-Peer Networks."  Fortunately, a full-text PDF copy of this paper can be accessed at either http://dblab.cs.ucr.edu/ or http://tinyurl.com/6v2ru, although the URL for the former looks a little bit too generic and might change at a moment's notice (also, the two papers are slightly different).  I have 19 bookmarks on my smartphone for this paper, but I guess I can summarize by saying that IR for P2P networks is hard and very different from "traditional" searchThe last statement actually says a lot -- read between the lines.  This paper covers all the usual suspects and also includes Skype. This paper is based upon the lead author's Master's thesis which can be accessed from http://tinyurl.com/696ml .  Other papers by the lead author can be accessed at http://tinyurl.com/43kkh .  This is an important issue which needs to be resolved, especially as collaborative grid computing (CGC) comes to life.
 
Two figures; 20 references (28 references in the preprint).
 
Less luck with the paper titled, "Web Searching and Information Retrieval," i.e., I couldn't find a free copy on the Web.  The author's site is woefully outdated, too.  The author does speak favorably of a particular approach to decentralized P2P web crawling called "Apoidea."   A copy of a paper describing Apoidea can be accessed at http://tinyurl.com/4m2v5 ; accompanying slides can be accessed at http://tinyurl.com/4b4sh .  As described in the CiSE paper, "Apoidea is both self-managing and uses the resource's geographical proximity to its peers for a better and faster crawl."
 
Two figures; 21 references.
 
To request a copy of this article click on: http://tinyurl.com/7yyl2 or http://tinyurl.com/6m6ff (I'm not sure which address works; I already have a copy of this article so I don't need to contact the author!).
 
"Web Mining: Research and Practice" is not available, either, but a lot of excellent info on the senior author's projects related to this paper is available.  First, take a look at the eBiquity research areas at http://tinyurl.com/52p9n .  Next, you may want to take a look at the abstracts for papers published as part of the eBiquity Group at http://tinyurl.com/5om58 (current through December 2004 -- it doesn't get more current!!).  Move on to their "Semantic Web" page at http://tinyurl.com/4a8fr .  I then downloaded a PDF copy of their paper titled, "Mining Domain Specific Texts and Glossaries to Evaluate and Enrich Domain Ontologies" (see http://tinyurl.com/3lg2m ).  It looks like a relatively recent paper, newer than the CiSE paper (different authors and different subject matter, though).  The PDF is part of their Semantic Web research, whereas the CiSE paper is more "generic."  Anyway, the "Web Mining" paper is another call for distributed mining techniques, and covers fuzzy clustering as well as content-based recommender systems -- but doesn't forget good 'ol HITS (Hyperlink-Induced Topic Search), the basis for IBM's Clever and Google (to a certain extent).
 
No figures; 31 references.
 
To request a copy of this article click on: http://tinyurl.com/5xv3p .
 
Finally, "Intelligent Agents on the Web: A Review" was very disappointing.  The lead author has impeccable credentials, but his paper is based on yesterday's news:  Old, outdated, buried stuff (like Firefly).  Matter of fact, the only live link I can recall finding was Recursion Software's "Voyager" home page (see http://tinyurl.com/3wpem ), which states that the "Voyager applications development platform provides the software layer which handles communications across the network for distributed JAVA applications."  (Looks interesting.)
 
I did a little more digging and surfed over to two stand-by sites (both referenced directly or indirectly in the "Intelligent Agents" paper), namely the MIT Media Lab Software Agents page and Oren Etzioni's (oops, I mean the University of Washington, Department of Computer Science) page.  At the MIT projects page (see http://tinyurl.com/4ocss ) is a listing of several "commonsense" projects, e.g., "Using Commonsense Reasoning to Enable the Semantic Web" (see http://tinyurl.com/4deq7 ).  A draft White Paper on this is available at http://tinyurl.com/4e4bv , as is a presentation at http://tinyurl.com/4le2n along with a couple of video demos.  I also downloaded a paper on GOOSE (GOal-Oriented Search Engine) at http://tinyurl.com/4fyeu .  At UWash I went to their XML data management page (see http://tinyurl.com/5x98a ) and then grabbed two papers:  One on "Probabilistic Methods For Querying Global Information Systems" dated 14 July 2004 (see http://tinyurl.com/45uz7 ) and another titled, "Learning Text Patterns for Web Information Extraction and Assessment" dated May 2004 (see http://tinyurl.com/6k5fz ).  (To download other unrestricted reports, go to http://tinyurl.com/5z2x7 .)  Frankly, I need a bit of time to digest the two recently published UWash papers.
 
As the chair of the Internet and Web applications session of the First International Conference on Autonomous Agents (1996), I have a soft spot for agent-oriented everything (especially Web apps).  I remember an old saying from IJCAI (International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence) in the mid-70's:  Artificial intelligence is better than none.  (I probably still have a button with this saying somewhere.)  I'm keeping the faith, sans the hype and more toward the realities of software agents.  BTW, this CiSE paper isn't bad if you don't have any background in this space.  It covers the basics, such as ACLs, but with an "updated" perspective.
 
No figures; 27 references.
 
To request a copy of this article click on: http://tinyurl.com/6zzqs .
 
 
The Ultimate Killer App
 
BTW, the "Ultimate Killer App" is attached and in some browsers it will automatically download.  (See the bottom of this message.)  You have to admit, this really is the ultimate killer app!!
 
I've never sent an attachment this way simultaneously to both my e-newsletter and blogs (and blog variants).  Just in case the attachment isn't included, I've uploaded it to the "Photos" section of the e-newsletter (see http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa .)
 
>> Note to AlwaysOn readers: You'll need to go to the e-newsletter ( http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa ) in order to see the "Ultimate Killer App."  You can try the blogs, but no guarantees.
 
 
Tidbits on Enterprise Software
 
.NET wins converts.  For the VARBusiness story see http://tinyurl.com/3omd2 .  Evans Data reports that .NET usage showed a sharp YoY increase in adoption with 52% saying they use .NET and 68% saying they plan to deploy .NET apps by 2005.  In May, Forrester reported that 56% of developers consider .NET their primary development environment contrasted with 44% for J2EE.  (It must have been a binary choice!)  VARBusiness found in a May survey that 53% have already deployed a .NET app and 66% plan to do so within the next 12 months.  In the VARBusiness survey, the most important reasons for going with .NET were ease of use and quicker time to market.  A developer goes on to state that .NET development time is to Java what Java is to C++.  (Wow, what a claim!)
 
Python and Perl beat Java?  (See http://tinyurl.com/44m5t for the PDF file.)  Actually, an indirect "attack" against all "mainstream" programming languages, notably Java, C and C++.  The idea is that the "mainstream" languages are ill-suited for many distributed computing and integration apps.  Gives a "thumbs up" to Python, Perl and PHP, with a peek at PEAK -- the Python Enterprise Application Kit.  (Sorry for the pun.)  PEAK's developers claim future superiority over J2EE.  They also knock Java for not being suited to rapid application development.  PEAK's developers believe a Python-based approach to component-based apps will result in systems that are simpler, faster and easier to install, manage and maintain than variants in J2EE.  PEAK, however, is still immature.
 
Grid computing takes off.  Another survey from Evans Data (see http://tinyurl.com/4l2qb ).  37% of database developers are implementing or planning to implement a grid computing architecture.  In related data, 34% of companies are focusing their database development work on BI (business intelligence) platforms.  See also Oracle's spin on this at http://tinyurl.com/4n2kf .
 
The spoils of ROI.  From IDC's Group VP, Solutions Research, there are several issues which must be addressed in order to maximize IT ROI.  (See http://tinyurl.com/228kv .)  Four of the key issues are:
  • Should the IT agenda include investment in outsourcing technologies or services?
  • Does the future of the business include operations in, or electronic trade with, additional countries - China, for example?
  • Are the services of an outside provider being considered to help in managing proliferating applications or complex "interenterprise" business relationships?
  • What role will utility computing play in the future of IT?
(All items in bold are my emphasis.)  The article goes on to discuss various ways of evaluating ROI, including one of my favorite ways, ROA (real options analysis). 
 
TTFN.  Have a GREAT weekend!
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
WARNING:  To avoid spam (well, to avoid getting at least some spam), I'm using a Gmail account with a special address.  However, I have NOT been able to access the messages in my Gmail account for the past FOUR days!!  Not sure how long this will last.  In the interim, also use:
DavidScottLewis.2520656@bloglines.com -- but also Cc: the above address.  Of course, if you already know me, feel free to send messages to my primary and secondary e-mail accounts.  (If you know me, you already know what they are.  The primary account is working fine.)
 
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To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .

          [news] A Special Report on Business Intelligence        
Thursday, July 8, 2004
Dateline: China
 
One of my favorite industry trades, Computerworld, recently published a special report on business intelligence (BI).  (See http://tinyurl.com/2w8j2 .)  As regular readers of this blog know, I'm hot, hot and hotter on BI.  Not only are BI apps booming in their own right, but BI also provides an open door into other structured data apps (e.g., ERP and SCM).  Also, there is a burgeoning number of apps requiring both BI and knowledge management (KM) solutions, providing a host of new opportunities.  (For now, think of BI for structured data and KM for unstructured data.  But the lines between KM and BI are blurring.)
 
The Computerworld report includes an introduction to BI titled, "BI for the Masses," an introduction to Web harvesting, and a superb article on text mining; there are several online exclusives as well.  In this post, I'm going to focus on an article titled, "Predictions for BI's Future," by providing excerpts with commentary.  As usual, items in bold are MY emphasis; items in red are MY commentary.
 
Embedded BI.  "Over the next four to six years, BI systems will become embedded in small, mobile devices, such as manufacturing sensors and PDAs in the field, which in turn will be linked to more centralized systems." -- Erik Thomsen, distinguished scientist, Hyperion Solutions Corp., Sunnyvale, Calif.
 
PB DM (petabyte data mining).  "Within three years, companies and governmental agencies will be able to successfully run analytics within a centralized data warehouse containing 1 petabyte or more of data -- without performance limitations." -- Dave Schrader, technology futurist, Teradata, a division of NCR Corp., El Segundo, Calif.
 
HPC to the rescue!  "Within the next two to three years, high-performance computing technology used by scientific and engineering communities and national R&D labs will make its way into mainstream business for high-performance business analytics. This transition will be driven by the growing volume of complex data and the pressing need for companies to use forecasting and predictive analytics to minimize risk and maximize profit-generating opportunities." -- Phil Fraher, chief operating officer, Visual Numerics Inc., San Ramon, Calif.
 
BI meets AI.  "In the near future, business leaders will manage by exception, and automated systems will handle significant loads of routine tasks." -- Mike Covert, chief operating officer, Infinis Inc., Columbus, Ohio
 
Visualization.  "Over the next two to three years, BI systems will automatically suggest appropriate visualizations, which in turn will dramatically increase the use of visualization and our understanding of complex relationships." -- Erik Thomsen, distinguished scientist, Hyperion Solutions
 
BI + BPM + BAM.  "Businesses need more than a rearview mirror to drive their business forward into the next era. A new category of intelligence tools will emerge over the next two to three years that combines business process management, business activity monitoring (BAM) and business intelligence to enable the "actively managed enterprise." This will combine the scorecards and rearview-analysis capabilities of BI with the real-time, event-driven analysis of BAM and feed that information into automated business processes for on-the-fly steering of the business towards scorecard goals. This will exponentially elevate the speed at which businesses are able to operate, adapt and make critical decisions." -- Tim Wolters, chief architect of business activity monitoring solutions, webMethods Inc., Fairfax, Va.
 
Bottom line:  Go to a BI-related ACM or IEEE CS conference and you'll hear a lot of presentations on all of the apps described above.  It's where the rubber meets the road:  This stuff is real!!  However, it's important to differentiate "real" BI with much more simplistic reporting software (like a good "chunk" of the so-called BI solutions provided by Business Objects, Cognos and even Microsoft -- via their recent acquisition of ActiveViews).
 
A BI Site to Review
 
Last week I came across a paper published in the current issue of the Journal of Intelligent and Fuzzy Systems.  In this paper the project called "Data Mining and Decision Support for Business Competitiveness: A European Virtual Enterprise" (SolEuNet) is used as a case study and "the source of lessons learned."  The paper provides a link to the SolEuNet Web site (see http://tinyurl.com/3x5vo ); at the SolEuNet site I found a wealth of case studies with supporting technical documents on leading-edge BI apps (see, for example, Workpackage 7 on "Combining Data Mining and Decision Support with Information Systems" at http://tinyurl.com/yqkqm ).  Remember, strategy consulting isn't merely about comparing product specs (regardless what the IT advisory services may say).
 
The Gartner Conference on BI
 
I got my hands on three i-banking analyst reviews of the Gartner BI conference.  The Morgan Stanley report (dated 27 April) noted that customer activity levels appeared to be strong and "many seem to be taking a more strategic approach to BI, resulting in the emergence of larger transactions."  (My emphasis.)  Corporate performance management (CPM) is driving some of the larger deals, with Cognos and Hyperion taking the lead.  Evidently, systems integrators (SIs) are getting religion and developing collaterals around CPM messaging.  RBC Dominion Securities produced a more in-depth report (dated 29 April) and noted the following:
  • Gartner expects the market to accelerate in 2004.
  • The ETL (extraction, transformation, and load) market will flatten (finally).
  • CPM is hot.  "Hyperion, Cognos, and SAS appeared to be the best positioned non-ERP vendors to capitalize on the CPM market opportunity."  However, "(they) believe that SAP is the best-positioned large enterprise software vendor to execute in both the BI and CPM market ..."
  • Finally, the Gartner BI conference itself was hot, with 973 attendees, an increase in attendance of 70% over last year.
UBS chimed in with their own report (dated 30 April), which in some ways was a bit more technical than the other two reports cited above.  UBS noted that heterogeneous environments require independent tools (e.g., it is very difficult to get heterogeneous data into an ERP data warehouse <DW>).  Gartner's rule of thumb is that an ERP-derived BI/DW solution should be on the short-list only if more than 60% of an organization's BI data resides within that single app vendorUBS also noted that the importance of BI is leading to the formation of BI competency centers.  They also believe that SAP and Microsoft remain significant long-term threats to the independent software vendors such as Cognos and Business Objects.  BTW, all three reports seemed a bit down on Business Objects.
 
Another Computerworld feature on BI
 
Sometimes advertorials can be a good thing.  A case in point is the 26 April issue of Computerworld which provides a link to a new, six page Computerworld White Paper on BI.  The paper is titled, "Charting the Course: A Guide to Evaluating Business Intelligence Products"; it's a good, practical read.  Tactical, product spec advice and guidelines, but still a good read.  The PDF can be found at http://tinyurl.com/2gt3d .
 
Recent Tidbits on BI
 
The New Straits Times (Malaysia) via Asia Africa Intelligence Wire reported on 24 June that SAS "expects the BI market in Asia to register double-digit growth for the next five years.  (Don Cooper Williams, director of marketing and alliances for SAS Asia-Pacific) cites a recent report from research house International Data Corp, which predicts that BI software market in the region (excluding Japan) to grow by 12 per cent this year, up from 7.5 per cent in 2003."  Note to SIs in China:  BI isn't just hot in the States; leverage your skills for serving the U.S. market and the domestic market.
 
From the channel, India Business Insight (also via Asia Africa Intelligence Wire) on 31 May announced that "Business Objects has entered into a long-standing systems integrator agreement with Wipro Infotech (WI) to provide business intelligence (BI) solutions to customers."  Note to SIs in China:  Don't be left without a dance partner.
 
Additional Articles for Review
 
I did a quick scan of trade lit and found a few articles worth reading.  First, the March-April issue of Financial Executive talks about CPM -- Corporate Performance Management -- as it relates to BI.  The May issue of Insurance & Technology takes a vertical look at BI (rather basic apps), as does the April issue of Business Credit.  Always think verticals.
 
A Final Wrap (or Should I Say, "Rap"?)
 
Back to Computerworld.  More specifically, see the 29 March issue of Computerworld.  According to a survey conducted by IBM Business Consulting Services, BI is a high priority on the plate of C-level execs.  In a Computerworld poll, 39% of IT executives listed business intelligence projects as their most critical IT projects.  By 2005, market research firm IDC projects that the worldwide market for business intelligence software will total about $6 billion -- up from $2.5 billion in 2003 -- signaling a major increase in business intelligence projects.  IT executives say the skills they need on business intelligence projects include systems integration, data modeling, database administration, data standardization and project management.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
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http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
 
To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

          The King Maker's Crappy Pitcher Index: THREE plays Posted..        

THE CRAPPY PITCHER INDEX (CPI)

The King Maker's Plays for Tonight:

Play #1: The Boston Red Sox -1.5 (EVEN) at BetUS for 5-Stars

Play #2: The Philadelphia Phillies -1/2 -135 at BetUS (strong)

Play #3: The Minnesota Twins -125 at BetUS for 5-Stars 

 

My new "source" is adding this play:

The Boston Red Sox -150 at BetUS

(We already have the Boston RL so I'm just giving you and FYI, she's rarely wrong.)

 

 

The title of this daily blog will change. In many ways the term "crappy" is a little misleading and certainly unprofessional, so I'll get on the sensitivity wagon and refrain from offending our starting pitchers with the word "crap".

The other problem with the term Crappy" lies in the fact that many of the pitchers that we discuss will be really wonderful pitchers (on paper). Is it kosher to call Roy Oswalt a "crappy  pitcher" if his WHIP is 1.08 on the season? He IS carrying a 5.40 ERA over the past 21 days! He won't be on the CPI today, but he's locked in a battle with one of the best pitcher on the card today, so that 5-8 record, on the season, should effect your confidence with that 3.12 ERA in 2010. 

For all his hard work, Roy Oswalt averages 4 runs of support in his appearances......Timmy Lincecum gets well over 6 runs per game from his team so the gap is really noticable.

But this leads us to another problem with an Ace like Lincecum. The fact of the matter is that he might be on the CPI if we looked into the reality of his situation. Before he took care of his last three opponent (Oak,Bal,Pitt), there was a dreadful span of 20 walks in 4 games with only 19 strikeouts! Teams are stealing on him. His "first pitch strike average" is hovering around 50% (almost 60% last year) AND, before his little 3 game run with lousy batting orders, he was sitting with a 19.23 pitches per inning average! His control might appear to be resurrecting itself, but I'd suggest that you simply wait for him to perform against a strong batting order before you make a determination on his value. He has the Astros today, so I guess he's got a nice shot at grabbing a win, but if Bourne gets on base then he's going to reach scoring position. Tim is not stopping the baserunners these days. If we get a big strike zone we might feel safer with Lincecum. If we get a batter-friendly zone then lay off entirely.

Moyer? A Crapper?

On the flip side, we have Jamie Moyer sitting on a 6.50 ERA over the past 21 days, but his WHIP, over that span, is 1.22 (1.13 on the season); AND the Phillies are throwing up a ton of runs when facing a pitcher like Talbot (of Cleveland). It seems like the Phils resign themselves to destroying Moyer's weaker opponents. We sorta like that kind of weirdness! Garland, Burnette, and Wolf were destroyed by the Phillies as they capitalized on weak pitching for their aging starter. Don't forget the 2 hitter in 9 innings with the Braves (7-0) and the shelling of Johan Santana (11-5)...all since May 2nd!!!!! Lots of runs, folks. That's 6,6,6, 7, and 11 runs in the above-mentioned games (a couple of goose eggs have appeared, but those run totals are pretty nice over a 2 month span in Moyer starts, right? 

So let's get on with today's CPI!

#1 Crapper: Chris Narveson

Narveson has a better ERA than Moyer  over the last month (6.21), but his WHIP is 1.48 and his seasonal ERA and WHIP are 5.79 and 1.62, so we have a ton of consistancy with Chris' level of ineptitude. His 5-4 record is somewhat mystifying, but when we look into this oddity we can see that  the Brewers are 2-5 over his last 5 starts. Narveson has pitched in 3 games this month and he's allowed 18 hits and 9 walks in 17.1 innings. His only bright spot was a win over Texas, but it was a fluke. His ground ball rate jumped to 11. His only other win over the last 7 games came against Pittsburgh (14 grounders), so we know that he CAN win if he keeps the ball on the ground. But this is a 28.571% 'happening".

What we want to look for an Umpire that disallows the low outside zone on the catchers left hand side. Narveson will go inside and low on right haded batters and he absolutely NEEDS the low outside zone on southpaws. We don't have an umpire in this game until about 40 minutes before the first pitch, so I'll call him out at 7:30 EST for you.

You would think that Chris has a slight advantage when facing a team that hans't really seen him, but he's faced 5 Minnesota batters in the past and they created 3 base runners on Narveson...it's a negligable sample, but it's fun to see.

Morneau, Mauer, Kubel, and Span are lining up in a left-on-left situation with Narveson, but the advantage of this arrangement dissapears if we get an Umpire that disallows the low zone, ok?

Every  Minnesota switch hitters will go right handed tonight and we should lose a lefty, in Kubel, since the DH is not in effect.

Narveson is holding left handed batters to a .219 batting average, but the right handers are belting out a .324 BA on the southpaw! Narveson is throwing close to 90 pitches per 5 innings on AVERAGE and Philly took him to 130 pitches in 5.2 innings one month ago!

The oppositions run totals for Narveson's duration on the mound since Memorial Day?: 5,2,4,5,4.

The oppositions run totals against Milwaukee when Narvenson starts since memorial day?: 5,2,5,13,5

Logic suggests a play on Minnesota OVER 4.5 Runs -120

We need an Umpire that disallows the low zone, and we need to see Minnesota's batting order at around 7:30 PM EST to make this a King Maker Play, but it seems like we can line up the percentages and guess on that line going over.

The Twins -125 might be a play as well.

 

#2 Crapper: Mitch Talbot

He has a 37/31 K/BB ratio. He's coming off a disaster against the fickle Mets with 13 hits and 8 runs, and his flip-flopping GB/FB rates are showing a decided lack of consistancy. Location is a problem for Mitch with 99 pitches in 4 innings with Andy Fletcher calling the game (Pitcher Friendly Umpire) and he threw 95 in 5.2 (Even though he induced 17 ground balls!) in his last disaster. He's all over the place and the 2.00 ERA that he held in the early weeks is nothing more than the sign of a hyper kid throwing his heart out. Now that he's been "discovered", opposing batters are waiting him out. His lack of strength against right handers is a telling stat. He shows NO advantage against his dominant side (.324 to RHB). I don't think it matters that most of the Phillies power comes from the Left. It should disrupt the rhythm of Talbot. He swings wide on "lefty" and pounds the zone on "righty". The fact that he has a decent BA when facing the southpaw is a condition of luck and impatience by KC, Baltimore, The White Sox (twice), and Anaheim in recent weeks. Philly is much stronger than all of these teams.

Mitch pitches to contact with right handers and he plays keep away with the southpaws. If we get a batter friendly strike zone, then Philly CAN hit 6 runs tonight. If Talbot can use the far outside of the southpaw batting zone, then we might see Philly start to chase the wide side.....

If we get an OVER Umpire then the Phillies will kill him.

UMPIRE IN THE PHILLY'S GAME! 5:40 pm est

Added Update: Brian Knight won't give Talbot any charity. He's got a pitcher friendly High Zone, but it comes at the expense of the low zone, so the Phils WILL have offensive power tonight! You have a definite Green Light on -190 if you're rich and I'm toying with the RL in this wager... Rollins is leading off for the Phils!

 

 

Added note: I think the Red Sox Run Line has a nice chance at hitting tonight...

 

A Side Note 

I've also added a partner/source to my baseball handicapping, and I'll introduce this person when we learn to combine our talents. We went 6-1 in a testing phase last weekend, so I'm close to using this person as a reliable source.

The King Maker's Plays for Tonight:

Play #1: The Boston Red Sox -1.5 (EVEN) at BetUS for 5-Stars

Play #2: The Philadelphia Phillies -1/2 -135 at BetUS (strong)

Play #3: The Minnesota Twins -125 at BetUS for 5-Stars

 

I'm not waiting on the lineups or the Ump in the Minny game. The wager needs to go in now....


          Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day - September 2013        

This is yet another better-late-than-never edition of Garden Bloggers' Bloom Day. I do know that I say that most months. But since I didn't seem to manage to post anything for July and August, I think this is a step in the right direction... no?

Above you see a one of my few new blooms.  It's a generic salvia guaranitica - NOT a named 'Black & Blue' plant like I usually buy.  I think that I will try to stick with the unnamed version in the future, as this plant has greatly outperformed B&B  in spite of a coolish summer when I would have expected it to do much less.




Yes, I'm still in love with the native (to the U.S., if not to here exactly) honeysuckle, lonicera sempervirens. (I blame the wonderful Annie in Austin for introducing me to this object of my obsession.) My hubby has been working on propagating it for me, so it can bring a baby of this plant with us whenever we go.  

Instead of propagation, I'm just flat out going to dig up one of my 'Albury Purple' St. John's Wort bushes before we put the house on the market. There are two reasons for that:  1) It's patented, AND 2) The front yard is getting a little crowded anyway. I just love it when the yellow flowers and red berries appear together like this:


Speaking of the crowded front yard, there are quite a few things in bloom there right now.  Blue caryopteris and 'Hameln' pennisetum are vying for attention:



And the whole mess of Japanese anemone (mostly hidden by the now-huge Japanese maple and random miscanthus) were almost finished blooming before I even noticed them:


The bright side of having to go to the neighbor's yard to take their picture?  I realized that there IS a good side to this ill-planned hanging basket of fuchsia and philodendron.  Check it out now because I am NEVER planting this fuchsia again:  (Next year, I'm going back to 'Bonfire' begonias!)


As I came back around to the front porch, I saw that the 'Sparkling Burgundy' eucomis, which sprawled alarmingly in August at the height of its bloom, had bravely thrown up another smaller bloomstalk:



Inside, one of Steve's sensitive plants (mimosa pudica) is in bloom. Strangely, the ones that went outside never flowered at all this year. Just the inside plants:


In the back yard, the 'Hopi Red Dye' amaranth, recently cut back orange butterfly weed, and Brazilian verbena are all in bloom.  But the highlight of the garden right now is this hot dwarf canna at the edge of the blue pot.  I picked it out for its purplish leaves (now looking a little worse for the wear) but love these in-your-face blooms next to the silver sage. If you look closely, you can see streaks of orange on the insides of these red flowers:


Outside of the highlights above, other September bloomers include 'Matrona' sedum, 'Rotstrahlbusch' panicum, 'Sioux Blue' sorghastrum nutens, 'Whiskey' wax begonias, 'Hab Gray' sedum, 'Red Rocks' penstemon, 'Purple Dragon' lamium, and a few hostas that I have yet to hack.

For more of what's in bloom around the world, check out Carol's September 2013 Bloom Day Post as May Dreams Gardens.

          Ingénieur électronique (H/F) - Alten - Toulouse        
Ingénieur électronique Notre société recrute des ingénieurs électronique pour intervenir sur des activités en électronique dans le secteur des semi-conducteurs. Vous possédez les compétences suivantes: RF (radio fréquences) HF (hyper fréquences) Conception électronique / cartes électroniques Vous souhaitez intégrer une société jeune et dynamique ? Rejoignez-nous !
          Version 8 Suggestions - POST THEM HERE!! : Suggestion: When using the button,...        
Author: RadioActiveLamb
Subject: 13859
Posted: 10 March 2006 at 1:37am

Suggestion:  When using the button, I'd like to paste in the whole URL I have in the clipboard, including the "HTTP://" part.  As it stands, after each paste, I need to edit-out that part of the text.  I like the way 7.9x does it. 
 
I also just realized that I can use the [ img ] and [ /img ] tags, even if you don't have them enabled in the text editor.

          ILSpy - Disassembler        

Even though the killer feature that everyone is waiting for is the decompiler; it's often still is interesting to directly look at the IL code. Of course, this feature can't be missing in a tool called ILSpy.
Implementing it also provided me with a way to test the GUI logic while the decompiler is still under construction.

We use AvalonEdit for the code view, so you can expect some advanced features:
The most obvious one is syntax highlighting, which is using AvalonEdit's built-in highlighting engine. As usual for AvalonEdit, copying the text into any HTML-capable application (such as this blog's edit box in Firefox) will preserve the highlighting.
 .method public static hidebysig string CreateHtmlFragment

Code Folding allows you to collapse and expand methods - useful if you're viewing a complete class.
Finally, there's an important invisible feature: every reference is a hyperlink.
Click on a branch target (e.g. IL_0063), and the code view jumps to the target IL instruction. Click on a type/member reference, and it will be selected in the tree view and will be decompiled.

The disassembler itself also can perform a nice trick: it will display the code in an indented form.
For this purpose, I wrote a very simple detector for try-catch-finally and loop structures.
Basically, the exception handling table in the method's footer is converted into a tree, and then displayed inline (ILDasm has this feature as well).

For loops, the detection logic is dead simple: if there's a backwards branch in the code, then that's probably a loop with the body from start to end. To verify whether it's indeed a well-formed loop, I find all branches from outside the loop body jumping into the loop body, and test whether all of those jump to the same instruction. If there are multiple entry points, then the structure is not considered a loop.
As a last test, any loops that cannot be inserted into the tree structure (because the don't nest properly and overlap with loops detected earlier) are ignored as well.

So if you have IL code like this: "ABAB" where A is a loop and B is another (with jump instructions from the end of one A to the start of the other), then this simple algorithm will be wrong and detect only one loop "(ABA)B" and incorrectly consider B to be part of the loop body.
I experimented with some other loop detection algorithms and actually had one which worked pretty well and could handle even the above case. However, the loops detected by that algorithm were not necessarily consecutive code blocks (as with the example above), so they couldn't be displayed in the disassembler view without reording the IL code.
I don't know of any compilers that generate loops in non-consecutive blocks of code; but some obfuscators employ such unusual code patterns. The decompiler will likely used a more advanced form of loop detection in order to deal with those cases.


          BUKU PANDUAN TEKNISI PONSEL GRATIS + PROGRAM SYSTEM ANALISA REPARASI PONSEL V9.0        
KUMPULAN BUKU SERVICE HANDPHONE GRATIS
PROGRAM SYSTEM ANALISA REPARASI PONSEL V9.0

DAPAT DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI PANDUAN BELAJAR DAN MENGAJAR SERVICE HANDPHONE SENDIRI DAN JIKA ANDA MEMPELAJARI TAHAP DEMI TAHAP 15 MATERI YANG KAMI BERIKAN SECARA GRATIS INI + PROGRAM SYSTEM ANALISA REPARASI PONSEL V9.0, MAKA DALAM WAKTU 15 HARI ANDA SUDAH DAPAT MENGANALISA SEGALA KERUSAKAN HANDPHONE DAN CARA MEMPERBAIKINYA SENDIRI TANPA KURSUS SECARA RESMI

PENULIS: WAWAN SYAHRONI

DAFTAR ISI MATERI
1.Pengenalan dan Pengukuran Komponen Elektronika Dasar Ponsel.pdf
2.Pengenalan Alat-Alat Reparasi Ponsel Serta Teknik Penggunaannya.pdf
3.Pengenal Frekuensi Counter Beserta Fungsi dan Penggunaannya.pdf
4.Struktur Diagram Ponsel - Fungsi dan Gejala Kerusakan Komponen.pdf
5.Fungsi dan Gejala Kerusakan Komponen Ponsel DCT-4 – WD2 – BB5.pdf
6.Pembagian Diagram Blok Dasar Ponsel.pdf
7.Pengenalan dan Teknik Membaca Buku Skema Jalur.pdf
8.Struktur Dasar System Penyimpanan Data Ponsel.pdf
9.Jenis Kerusakan Pada Ponsel dan Solusi Perbaikan.pdf
10.Pembahasan Software Reparasi Ponsel.pdf
11.Struktur Diagram Ponsel Blackberry.pdf
12.Struktur Diagram Ponsel DCT3 (Core Technology Generation 3).pdf
13.Struktur Diagram Ponsel DCT4 (Core Technology Generation 4).pdf
14.Struktur Diagram Ponsel BB5 (Core Technology Generation 5).pdf
15.Teknik Pelepasan dan Pencetakan serta Pemasangan IC Ponsel.pdf
16.
Pengenal Oscilloscope Beserta Fungsi dan Penggunaannya.pdf

PROGRAM SYSTEM ANALISA REPARASI PONSEL


KLICK TO DOWNLOAD:
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REFERENSI LINK :
http://manual-service.blogspot.com


Salam Sukses dan Semoga Bermanfaat


LPK RAJA PONSEL TRAINING CENTER

PUSAT PELATIHAN TEKNISI HANDPHONE CERDAS DAN PROFESIONAL
IZIN DIKNAS: 421.10/293/PNF/2010 - 563/2269-DISNAKERTRANS/2009

Nomor Induk Lembaga Kursus (NILEK): 02115.4.1.0064.99


KONSULTASI DAN BIMBINGAN SELAMANYA


TEMPAT PENDAFTARAN KURSUS

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Kec. Mampang Prapatan Jakarta Selatan 12720 Indonesia
.:.02170036800.:.0817839837.:.08119910929.:.

www.rajaponsel.com


          90lı yılların en unutulmaz 14 atari oyun        

90lı yılların en unutulmaz 14 atari oyun

          Size biraz da top eleven token hilesi dışında bir şeylerden bahsetmek istedim. Bu yüzden bu yazıyı yazdım. 90 doğumlu biri oalrak 90 lı yıllarda en çok izlenen tv programlarını çizgi film olanlarından seçerek anlatmaya çalıştım. Umarım sıkılmadan okursunuz.
      Eminim herkes çocukluğunun çok eğlenceli geçtiğini düşünür. Ama yine de 90lı yıllarda çocuk olmak hiçbir şeye değişilmeyecek bir şey. Diğerlerinden daha mutlu olduk gibi gelir bana. Biz pokemoncuyduk. Bizden sonrakiler benim gözümde hep Dijimoncuydu. Hem onlar Tsubasa’yı da bilmiyorlarmış gibi gelirdi bana. “Onlar Winnie The Pooh, Teletubes izlesin bize Pokemonumuzu geri versinler, o kendini Charmender sanan ufak çocuk yüzünden hep bunlar.” derdik mahallede memleket meselelerinin çözerken. Cool Games de aşağıdaki oyunları bulabilirsiniz.
cocuk-yunlari
Mino sakız çiğner, leblebi tozu yerken birbirimize içinde o,u,f harfi geçen kelimeler söyletmeye çalışırdık. Biz tehlikeli şiir okuyup dünyaya sataşmadık pek o zamanlar. Onun yerine pet bardakları iple bağlayıp telefon yaptık. Atari oynadık akşamları. Tabi her akşam pek mümkün olmazdı bu. Yok atari televizyonu bozarmış da, yok adaptörü her gün oynanırsa bozulurmuş da, yok bilmem ne gibi sebeplerden. Atariyi kurabildiğimiz zamanlarda sabahlara kadar oynasak doyamazdık. Neydi oynadığımız oyunlar saatlerce. İşte bu yazımızda aklımızda kalan en unutulmaz 14 oyundan bahsedeceğiz.
Soccer Physics oyununu oynamak için linke tıklayınız.
1.Bomberman
İki kişi oynanabilirdi bu oyun. Bombaları yerleştirip duvarları kırardık. Kırılan duvarlardan bombanın özelliklerini artıran güçlendiriciler çıkardı. Amaç duvarlardan birine gizlenmiş olan kapıyı bulup diğer bölüme geçmekti. Arada bir bombayla duvar arasında sıkışıp kalırdık. Tabi ölüm kaçınılmaz olurdu böyle zamanlarda.
2.Battle Tank
Buda iki kişiyle oynanabiliyordu. Hatta ilk bölümde haritayı kendi istediğin gibi yapabiliyordun. Tabi biz bilerek kalenin etrafını iki sıra çelikle örüp işi garantiye alırdık. Oyun başladığında amaç diğer kaleyi ele geçirmek yani patlatmaktı. Rakip tanklar sayı olarak üstün oluyorlardı. Çimenlerin altına saklanmış tanklar en tehlikelileriydi. Ansızın ölme riskiniz vardı. Vurduğunuz tanklardan güçlendiricileri alıp ekstra zırh, ya da zırh delme edinebiliyordunuz.
  1. Pacman
Çok uyuz bir oyundu ama yine de vazgeçemezdik. Aslında kimse ikinci bölümüne geçememişti bu oyunun çevremde. Canavarlardan kaçıp yemleri bitirmeye çalışıyorduk. Güçlendirici yiyince de canavarları yiyebiliyorduk ama bir kaç saniye sonra tekrar doğuyordu şerefsiz canavarlar. Yeme sırası canavarlara geçiyordu.
4.Hyper Olympic
Olimpiyatları biz bu oyundan öğrendik. 110 metre engelli koşu, 100 metre koşu, uzun atlama, cirit atma hep bu oyun sayesinde kafamızda yer etti. Kapışmalar hep  doruk noktasındaydı.
  1. Circus
At üstünde zıplamayı, ip üstünde maymunların üstünden zıplamayı, aslana eğer vurup yanan halkalardan geçmeyi, ipten ipe atlamayı sen öğrettin bize sevgili Circus. Her ne kadar hayatımız boyunca sirke gidememiş olsak da sayende gitmiş kadar olduk güzel oyun.
  1. Captain Tsubasa
Pek futbola benzetemezdik Japonca yazılardan dolayı ama üstteki ufak dikdörtgen alandaki oyuncuların koşması falan çok güzel gelirdi o zamanlar. Penaltı olunca hangi tarafa atacağına karar verebiliyorduk. Kaleci uçup çıkarmazsa gol attık diye bağıra bağıra evi yıkardık.
7.Duck Hunt
Bu oyun tabancayla oynanıyordu. Öyle herkesin tabancası çalışmazdı. Çabuk bozulurdu. Çocuk oyunu derdik buna. Sanki kendimiz ne kadar büyümüşsek. Gülen bir köpek vardı bir de bu oyunda.
  1. Galaxian
Sinek avlama oyunu sanıyordum ben bunu. Meğersem uzayda düşman uzay gemilerini vuruyormuşuz. 15 yaşıma gelene kadar da sinek avladığımı sanmıştım.
  1. Excite Bike
Nintendo’nun oyunuydu bu da. Çok zevkliydi be. Hem kendi parkurunu kendin hazırlayabiliyordun hem de iki kişiyle de oynanabiliyordu.
  1. Tetris
Bu tetris; ucuz game boylarda daha çok oynanırdı tabi ama ataride de oynamadık değil. Bir köşeyi ince hat halinde boş bırakıp şu 1x4lük parçayı az beklemedik biz de. Hey gidi günler be.
  1. Contra
Bu oyun çok kaliteli gelirdi bize. Tek kasetteydi bu Contra. İlerlemeli falan bir de. O zamanlar kasetlerin üstünde 1001in1 yazdığından bir kasette tek oyun olunca çok karizmatik gelirdi.
  1. Lode Runner
Sesi hala kulaklarımda. Çok uyuz edici bir ses çıkıyordu yürürken. Yikyikyikyik diye. Kumları toplayıp yukarıda merdiven açılıyordu. Oradan da üst bölüme geçiliyordu.
13.Popoyes
Kabasakal her zaman ki gibi Safinaz’ı kaçırmıştır. Her bölümünde farklı yerdeki Safinaz Temel Reis için kalp, nota ya da merdiven parçası atıyordu. Ispanak yiyip Kabasakal’a yumruk attığında Kabasakal’dan bir süreliğine kurtulabiliyorduk.
  1. Süper Mario
Mario herkesin kalbinde ayrı bir yeri olan kahraman olduğundan Mario’yu bir de benden dinlemeyin. Ä°yi oyunlar :)
Bunların dışında Sports Heads Football oyununu a oynayabilirsiniz.



          Manual Service TorQ-Eten Mobile Phone        

· Eten M500 - Torq P100.pdf

· Eten M600.pdf
          Manual Service Sony Ericsson Mobile Phone        

· HBH600-602.rar

· K200_K220_component_placing.rar

· K320_service_manual.rar

· K500_servce_manual.rar

· K530_W660_component_placing.rar

· K550_service_manual.rar

· K610_Component_Placing.rar

· K610_V630_service_manual.rar

· K750_service_manual.rar

· K750i.rar

· K800_service_manual.rar

· P900_service_manual.rar

· P990i__UG_R3a_EN.rar

· S700_service_manual.rar

· S700i.rar

· SonyEricsson-W950i.rar

· T200_service_manual.rar

· T230_service_manual.rar

· T300_service_manual.rar

· T650_T658_component_placing.rar

· T68i_UG_R5A_AE_Default.rar

· V800_service_manual.rar

· W300_service_manual.rar

· W550_W600_service_manual.rar

· W550i.rar

· W700_service_manual.rar

· W710_Z710_service_manual.rar

· W800i.rar

· W830_W850_Component_placing.rar

· W850_service_manual.rar

· W880_service_manual.rar

· W910_service_manual.rar

· W950_service_manual.rar

· Z1010_service_manual.rar

· Z200_service_manual.rar

· Z310_component_placing.rar

· Z550_Component_Placing.rar

· Z550_service_manual.rar

· Z600_service_manual.rar

· k700i.rar

· p910.rar

· v800.rar

· w600i.rar


          Manual Service Sharp Mobile Phone        

· GX10_Service_Manual.zip

· GX10_i_Technical_Bulletins.zip

· GX10_i_Various_Info.zip

· GX10i_Service_Manual.zip

· GX15_Service_Manual.zip

· GX15_Technical_Bulletins.zip

· GX20_Service_Manual.zip

· GX20_Technical_Bulletins.zip

· GX20_Various_Info.zip

· V802_Service_Manual.zip

· V902SH_Service_Manual.pdf
          Manual Service Samsung Mobile Phone        

· SGH-S300.pdf

· SGH-Z500_UG_English.pdf

· Samsung E630.pdf

· Samsung-D900.pdf

· Samsung_D500_English.pdf

· Samsung_D500_easy_manual.pdf

· Samsung_GH68_D900_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_P400_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH-E600_English.pdf

· Samsung_SGH-U700_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_A130_training_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_A500_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_C126_service_manual.zip

· Samsung_SGH_C130_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_C400_service_manual.zip

· Samsung_SGH_D510_training_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_D520_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_D600E_service_maual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_D600_service_training_maual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_D720_service_training_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_D728_service_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_D820_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_D830_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_D840_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E100_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_E250_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E258_service_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_E380_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E390_main_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E390_sub_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E500_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E570_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E700_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_E720_service_training_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_E736_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_E736_service_training_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_E750_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_I300_service_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_I320_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_I600_service_manual.zip

· Samsung_SGH_N500_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_N600_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_P100_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_P300_traning_manual.ppt

· Samsung_SGH_P850_service_manual.zip

· Samsung_SGH_P900_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_P910_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_P920_V0.7_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_Q100_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_Q200_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_R210S_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_R220E_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_S105_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_S200_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_S300_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_S500_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_S501i_service_manual.pdf

· Samsung_SGH_T10x_service_manual.rar

· Samsung_SGH_i750_service_manual.pdf


          Manual Service Parrot Mobile Phone        

· Parrot CK3100, CK3300, CK3500 User Guide.pdf

· Parrot CK3300 Navigation Pack.pdf

· Parrot_CK3300 Compatibility.pdf


          Manual Service Nokia Mobile Phone        

· 1100_1101_RH-18_75_level1_2_v2.pdf

· 1112_1112i_RH-94_95.pdf

· 1112_RH-92_93_sm_level1_2.pdf

· 1200_RH-99_-100_1208_rh-105_-106_sm_l1_l2.pdf

· 1255_RH-79_sm.pdf

· 1315_RH-96_SM.pdf

· 1600_rh-64_1110_rh-70.pdf

· 2100_NAM-2.pdf

· 2100_NAM2.pdf

· 2112_RH-57_Service_Manual.pdf

· 2115i_2116_2116i_rh-66_sm.pdf

· 2270_2272_RH3p_2275_RH-3DNG_2285_rh-3_s.pdf

· 2280_RH-17R_Service_Manual.pdf

· 2310_RM-189_SM.pdf

· 2600_RH-59.pdf

· 2610_rh-86_87_2626_RM-291_SM_Level_1_2.pdf

· 2650_RH-53_2651_RH-54_SM_L1_2_v3.pdf

· 2760_RM_258_RM-259_2760h_RM-391_SM.pdf

· 3100_3120_l1&2.pdf

· 3105_RH-48_Service_Manual_L1_2.pdf

· 3110_classic_rm-237_3109c_rm-274_sm.pdf

· 3200_rh-30_3205_rm-11.pdf

· 3220_RH-37.pdf

· 3250_RM38.pdf

· 3300_NEM-1_level12_v2-Aug03-151213.pdf

· 3310_3330_3410_nhm2_5_6_sm.pdf

· 3510_3510i_nhm8_rh9.pdf

· 3660_3650_NHL8_sm.pdf

· 3rh48parts.pdf

· 5100_npm_6_level1&2.pdf

· 5140_npl5_5140i_rm104.pdf

· 5200_RM-174_5300_RM-146_SM.pdf

· 5210_nsm5.pdf

· 5510_NPM5_se.pdf

· 5610_xpress_music_rm_242_279_358_359_sm.pdf

· 5700_rm_230_rm-302_sm.pdf

· 6021_RM-94_SM.pdf

· 6060_RH-73_RH-97_6061_RH-74_RH-98.pdf

· 6085_RM-198_6086_RM-188_RM-260_SM.pdf

· 6100_npl2.pdf

· 6101_6102_6103_6102i_rm-76-77-161-162_sm.pdf

· 6110_navigator_rm_122.pdf

· 6120_classic_rm-243_310_6121c_rm-308_NM705i_rm-309_sm.pdf

· 6125_RM-178_6136_RM-106_RM-199_SM.pdf

· 6131NFC_RM-216_SM.pdf

· 6131_6133_RM-115_6126h_6133bh_RM_126.pdf

· 6220_RH20.pdf

· 6225_RH-27_Service_Manual.pdf

· 6230i_RH12_RM72.pdf

· 6233_RM-145_6234_RM-123_SM.pdf

· 6260_RM-25_service_manual.pdf

· 6263_rm-207_6267_rm-210_sm.pdf

· 6290_RM-176_SM.pdf

· 6300_6300b_RM-217_222_SM.pdf

· 6310_NPE-4_sm.pdf

· 6310i_npl1_sm.pdf

· 6500_classic_RM265.pdf

· 6500_slide_RM240.pdf

· 6500_slide_rm_240_sm.pdf

· 6510_npm9_se.pdf

· 6585_RH-34_Service_Manual_L1_2_v1.pdf

· 6600_NHL-10_sm.pdf

· 6610_nhl4.pdf

· 6630_RM-1.pdf

· 6650_nhm_1_sm.pdf

· 6670_rh-67_rh-68_7610_rh-51.pdf

· 6800_NHL6_6810_RM-2_sm.pdf

· 6820a_b_NHL-9_RH-26_6822a_b_RM-69_RM-68_.pdf

· 7200_RH23.pdf

· 7210_nhl4_sm.pdf

· 7250i_NHL-4_J_6610i_RM-37_Service_Manual.pdf

· 7260_RM-17_sm.pdf

· 7360_RM-127_sm.pdf

· 7373_RM-209_sm.pdf

· 7380_RM-111_sm_level1_2.pdf

· 7390_RM-140_SM.pdf

· 7500_rm-249_rm-250_sm.pdf

· 7600_nmm3_sm.pdf

· 7650_nhl2_sm.pdf

· 7710_RM-12.pdf

· 7900_prism_rm_264_sm.pdf

· 8310_NHM7_sm.pdf

· 8600_luna_rm-164_sm.pdf

· 8800_Arte_RM-233_sm.pdf

· 8800_rm-13_165_8801_rm-33_sm.pdf

· 8800_rm-13_8801_rm-33_sm.pdf

· 8910_NHM-4.pdf

· 8rh48bb.pdf

· 9210_rae35_level12_manual.pdf

· 9210i_rae35_level12_manual.pdf

· 9300_9300b_RAE-6_RA-4_sm_L1_2.pdf

· 9300i_RA-8_sm.pdf

· 9500_9500b_RA-2_RA-3_sm.pdf

· E50_1_2_RM-170_171_SM.pdf

· E51_RM-244_SM.pdf

· E61i_RM-227_SM.pdf

· E65_RM-208_SM.pdf

· E70_RM-10_RM-24.pdf

· E90_ra-6_sm.pdf

· N-GAGE-QD_RH-29.pdf

· N-gage.pdf

· N70_RM-84_N72_RM-180_sm.pdf

· N73-1_RM-133_N73-5_RM-132_SM.pdf

· N76_rm-135_rm-149_sm.pdf

· N77_RM-194_RM-195_SM.pdf

· N78_RM-235_RM-236_RM-342_SM_L1&2.pdf

· N81-3_rm-179_223_256_sm.pdf

· N81_rm-179_223_256_sm.pdf

· N92_RM-100.pdf

· N93i_RM-156_RM-157_SM.pdf

· N95_RM-159_160_245_320_321.pdf

· Nokia_6111.pdf

· Remote_Camera_PT-6_service_manual_level_.pdf


          Fungsi - Fungsi Komponen Pada Handphone         

Fungsi SETIAP KOMPONEN PONSEL


ANTENA

Fungsinya sebagai Penangkap dan Pemancar Gelombang Signal yang diterima oleh Pesawat Telepon Selular


SWITCH ANTENA

Fungsinya sebagai Duplixer / Pemisah antara Signal RX (Penerimaan) dengan Signal TX (Pemancaran), dan bisa juga disebut sebagai Terminal pada Pesawat telepon Selular


FILTER RX

Fungsinya Sebagai penyaring / pembagi frekwensi yang diinginkan / yang akan diterima, agar sinyal menjadi lebih bersih yang akan diterima oleh Pesawat Telepon Selular


PENGUAT RX (Transistor)

Fungsinya Sebagai penguat frekwensi penerimaan yang telah disaring oleh Filter RX sebelum diproses lebih jauh oleh Pesawat Telepon Selular


IC RF PROCESSOR

Fungsinya Sebagai pengontrol sinyal RX (masuk) dan TX(keluar), agar setiap bagian dapat bekerja baik, Komponen ini terdiri dari beberapa bagian seperti : IF, MIXER, OSCILATOR, DETECTOR, ENCODER, DECODER, AFC, TONE FREQUENCY, SQUELCH


VCO (Voltage Control Oscilator)

Fungsinya : Sebagai Oscilator / Pembangkit frekwensi yang akan dikirim melalui bagian TX (Pemancaran) dan memeriksa Frekwensi yang masuk melalui bagian RX (Penerimaan) agar tetap sama dengan yang di pancarkan. Dan juga untuk mengatur tegangan pulsa dari RF Signal Processor.


FILTER TX

Fungsinya Sebagai penyaring / pembagi frekwensi yang diinginkan / yang akan diterima, agar sinyal menjadi lebih bersih yang akan diterima oleh Pesawat Telepon Selular


IC P.A (Power Amplifier)

Fungsinya Sebagai penguat Akhir signal yang akan di pancarkan melalui komponen switch antena yang terdapat didalam Pesawat Telepon Selular


POWER DETECTOR

Adalah transistor yang mendeteksi, kuat lemahnya Signal dan mengirimkan data kepada CPU untuk diolah dan kemudian memberikan data keseluruh komponen terkait, Khususnya dengan Hardware yang berkaitan dengan Signal


IR T/R Dioda

Sebagai pemancar dan penerimaan frequency data dengan menggunakan cahaya infra merah, digunakan untuk mengiring dan menerima data aplikasi software, tanpa perlu kabel data.


Bluetooth

Komponen ini pemancar dan penerimaan frekuensi data dengan menggunakan gelombang radio atau gelombang frekuensi dengan fungsi-fungsi yang sama dengan infra red


SPEAKER

Suatu alat untuk keluarnya suara yang sebelumnya hanyalah getaran listrik dan diubah menjadi suara dengan melalui IC Audio, yang diterima oleh CPU untuk mengeluarkan suara yang terdapat dalam Pesawat Telepon Selular


MICROPHONE

Suatu alat untuk berbicara dan cara kerjanya ialah mengubah getaran suara menjadi getaran listrik agar suara yang diterima bisa diproses oleh komponen Pesawat Telepon Selular lainnya


SIM CARD

Identitas diri dari setiap Pesawat Telepon Selular yang sedang aktif tergantung dari provider sim card yang digunakan, dengan cara diproses oleh CPU yang terdapat dalam Pesawat telepon Selular


C.P.U

Pusat pengolahan data yang terdapat pada seluruh elemen atau komponen yang bekerja didalam Pesawat Telepon Selular seperti memerintah komponen terkait untuk bekerja sesuai kebutuhan dan dapat menerima informasi dari masing – masing komponen Contoh : Memerintahkan IC Power Supply untuk mensupply Tegangan/ arus keseluruh bagian Pesawat Telepon Selular, memerintahkan LCD untuk menampilkan Aktifitas pada Pesawat Telepon Selular, memerintahkan IC Flash untuk menyimpan data dan mengeluarkannya pada saat dibutuhkan, memeriksa data dari Sim Card yang masuk melalui IC Power Supply, menerima perintah data dari Keypad untuk di proses.


RAM (RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY)

Menyimpan data sementara dan membantu kinerja CPU.semakin besar kapasitas RAM semakin baik kinerja CPU.


IC FLASH

Adalah tempat penyimpanan Data pada Pesawat Telepon Selular, yang sifatnya sementara karena datanya dapat dirubah ataupun ditambah


EEPROM

Tempat penyimpanan data utama yang permanent atau data pabrik, dan bekerja tidak dengan ada atau tidak adanya arus listrik pada ponsel, karena mempunyai daya listrik tersendiri. Sedangkan letaknya terdapat pada IC AUDIO


IC REGULATOR

Untuk mengatur tegangan, agar dapat diatur sesuai kebutuhan masing-masing komponen terkait, dan juga sebagai pengkontrol dari IC Charging yang dikendalikan oleh CPU.


IC CHARGE

Komponen yang bekerja secara otomais pada saat pengisian dan kerjanya hanya untuk mengisi tegangan battry yang dikendalikan oleh CPU melalui IC Regulator


IC AUDIO

Fungsinya Sebagai pengolah sinyal suara yang masuk dari IC RF, diperkuat dan diteruskan ke Speaker, memperkuat getaran suara yang telah dirubah Mic menjadi getaran listrik kemudian diteruskan ke IC RF, menjalankan perintah dari CPU dan Pada IC Audio juga terdapat PCM ( Pulse Code Module ) dan EEPROM yang berfungsi membaca kode sinyal yang datang dari operator untuk disesuaikan dengan Imei Ponsel juga menyimpan data-data yang bersifat permanen seperti : Imei, Phone Code, Sec.Code


LCD (Liquit Cell Disply)

Komponen ini berfungsi sebagai alat yanga akan menampilkan semua kegiatan / aktifitas dari pada Pesawat Telepon Selular


Key Pad

Komponen ini berfungsi sebagai alat yang memberikan perintah data kepada CPU untuk di proses dan akan dikirimkan kepada komponen lain yang terkait dalam Pesawat Telepon Selular


IC Interface

Fungsinya sebagai pengontrol data yang diperintahkan oleh CPU untuk Vibrator, Buzzer, lampu dan bersifat sebagai saklar otomatis dalam Pesawat Telepon Selular


Battery

Fungsinya sebagai Sumber Arus listrik / Tegangan yang diperlukan untuk memberikan arus listrik kepada Pesawat Telepon Selular


FLEXIBLE

Fungsinya sebagai penghubung atau terminal antara perangkat atau komponen yang terdapat pada Pesawat Telepon Selular


          What I did at the election in 2015        
Oh, I must write this down before I forget. Here’s a round-up of the things I did in and around the general and local elections in May 2015. BBC Election Hackday – 27 April My work colleague Paul Bradshaw put on a fantastic event for journalists (students, BBC, press, hyperlocals) aimed to producing some data-driven […]
          Doing hyperlocal – some reflections on half a decade of not being a journalist        
Cross-posted from The Centre for Community Journalism I’m about to start my sixth year of running a hyperlocal blog for the sleepy suburb of Bournville in Birmingham. It’s timely then to reflect on what I’ve learnt over the years as both practitioner and researcher. In fact, it’s especially timely as I’m close to finalising a […]
          Hyperlocal news websites – some 2014 stats        
For the third year running I’m updating my analysis of the hyperlocal news websites that are listed on the Openly Local website. The analysis contributes to the outputs of the Creative Citizens project I am part of as well as being an element of my PhD. The 2012 and 2013 analyses have been published by […]
          B31 Voices hyperlocal blog – the infographic        
As I’ve mentioned previously, I’m doing some research with the B31 Voices hyperlocal blog about how they operate and the network of citizens that help make B31 Voices the success it is. Well as one of the outputs of the research I have produced an infographic on the social media activity of B31 Voices during […]
          Terminology and Meanings of Early Illnesses        
This was posted on a email listing I belong to. I thought it was really interesting and really helpful, so I thought I would share it with you all. I don't know who created it or who to give credit for it to, so if anyone knows let me know.
___________________________________________
Ablepsy - Blindness
Ague - Malarial fever
American plague - Yellow fever
Anasarca - Generalized massive edema
Aphonia - Laryngitis
Aphtha - Infant disease "thrush"
Apoplexy - Paralysis due to stroke
Asphicsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
Asphycsia - Cyanotic and lack of oxygen
Atrophy - Wasting away or diminishing in size
Bad blood - Syphilis
Bilious fever - Typhoid, malaria, hepatitis or elevated temperature and bile emesis
Biliousness - Jaundice associated with liver disease
Black plague - Bubonic plague
Black fever - Acute infection with high temperature and dark red skin lesions and high mortality rate
Black pox - Black small pox
Black vomit - Vomiting old black blood due to ulcers or yellow fever
Blackwater fever - Dark urine associated with high temperature
Bladder in throat - Diphtheria (seen on death certificates)
Blood poisoning - Bacterial infection; septicemia
Bloody flux - Bloody stools
Bloody sweat - Sweating sickness
Bone shave - Sciatica
Brain fever - Meningitis
Breakbone - Dengue fever
Bright's disease - Chronic disease of kidneys
Bronze John - Yellow fever
Bule - Boil, tumor or swelling
Cachexy - Malnutrition
Cacogastric - Upset stomach
Cacospysy - Irregular pulse
Caduceus - Subject to falling sickness or epilepsy
Camp fever - Typhus; aka camp diarrhea
Canine madness - Rabies; hydrophobia
Canker - Ulceration of mouth or lips; or herpes simplex
Catalepsy - Seizures/trances
Catarrhal - Nose and throat discharge from cold or allergy
Cerebritis - Inflammation of cerebrum; or lead poisoning
Chilblain - Swelling of extremities caused by exposure to cold
Child bed fever - Infection following birth of a child
Chin cough - Whooping cough
Chlorosis - Iron deficiency anemia
Cholera - Acute, severe, contagious diarrhea with intestinal lining sloughing
Cholera morbus - Characterized by nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, elevated temperature, etc.; could also be appendicitis
Cholecystitus - Inflammation of the gall bladder
Cholelithiasis - Gall stones
Chorea - Disease characterized by convulsions, contortions and dancing
Cold plague - Ague which is characterized by chills
Colic - Abdominal pain and cramping
Congestive chills - Malaria
Consumption - Tuberculosis
Congestion - Any collection of fluid in an organ, like the lungs
Congestive chills - Malaria with diarrhea
Congestive fever - Malaria
Corruption - Infection
Coryza - A cold
Costiveness - Constipation
Cramp colic - Appendicitis
Crop sickness - Overextended stomach
Croup - Laryngitis, diphtheria or strep throat
Cyanosis - Dark skin color from lack of oxygen in blood
Cynanche - Diseases of throat
Cystitis - Inflammation of the bladder
Day fever - Fever lasting one day; sweating sickness
Debility - Lack of movement or staying in bed
Decrepitude - Feebleness due to old age
Delirium tremens - Hallucinations due to alcoholism
Dengue - Infectious fever endemic to East Africa
Dentition - Cutting of teeth
Deplumation - Tumor of the eyelids which causes hair loss
Diary fever - A fever that lasts more than one day
Diptheria - Contagious disease of the throat
Distemper - Usually animal disease with malaise, discharge from nose and throat and anorexia
Dock fever - Yellow fever
Dropsy - Edema (swelling), often caused by kidney or heart disease
Dropsy of the brain - Encephalitis
Dry bellyache - Lead poisoning
Dyscrasy - An abnormal body condition
Dysentery - Inflammation of the colon with frequent passage of mucous and blood
Dysorexy - Reduced appetite
Dyspepsia - Indigestion and heartburn; heart attack symptoms
Dysury - Difficulty in urination
Eclampsy - Symptoms fo epilepsy; convulsions during labor
Ecstasy - A form of catalepsy characterized by loss of reason
Edema - Nephrosis; swelling of tissues
Edema of lungs - Congestive heart failure; a form of dropsy
Eel thing - Erysipelas
Elephantiasis - A form of leprosy
Encephalitis - Swelling of the brain; aka sleeping sickness
Enteric fever - Typhoid fever
Enteritis - Inflammation of the bowels
Enterocolitis - Inflammation of the intestines
Epitaxis - Nose bleed
Erysipelas - Contagious skin disease due to Streptococci with vesiculas and bulbous lesions
Extravasted blood - Rupture of a blood vessel
Falling sickness - Epilepsy
Fatty liver - Cirrhosis of liver
Fits - Sudden attack or seizure of muscle activity
Flux - An excessive flow or discharge of fluid like hemorrhage or diarrhea
Flux of humour - Circulation
French pox - Syphilis
Gathering - A collection of pus
Glandular fever - Mononucleosis
Great pox - Syphilis
Green fever - Anemia
Grippe/grip - Influenza-like symptoms
Grocer's itch - Skin disease cause by mites in sugar or flour
Heart sickness - Condition caused by loss of salt from body
Heat stroke - Body temperature elevates because of surrounding environment temperature and body does not perspire to reduce temperature
Hectical complaint - Recurrent fever
Hematemesis - Vomiting blood
Hematuria - Bloody urine
Hemiplegy - Paralysis of one side of the body
Hip gout - Osteomylitis
Horrors - Delirium tremers
Hydrocephalus - - Enlarged head; water on the brain
Hydropericardium - Heart dropsy
Hydrophobia - Rabies
Hydrothroax - Dropsy in chest
Hypertrophic - Enlargement of an organ, like the heart
Impetigo - Contagious skin disease characterized by pustules
Inanition - Physical condition resulting from lack of food
Infantile paralysis - Polio
Intestinal colic - Abdominal pain due to improper diet
Jail fever - Typhus
Jaundice - Condition cause by blockage of intestines
King's evil - Tuberculosis of neck and lymph glands
Kruchhusten - Whooping cough
Lagrippe - Influenza
Lockjaw - Tetanus or infectious disease affecting the muscles of the neck and jaw; untreated, it is fatal in eight (8) days
Long sickness - Tuberculosis
Lues disease - Syphilis
Lues venera - Venereal disease
Lumbago - Back pain
Lung fever - Pneumonia
Lung sickness - Tuberculosis
Lying in - Time of delivery of an infant
Malignant sore throat - Diphtheria
Mania - Insanity
Marasmus - Progressive wasting away of the body, like malnutrition
Membranous croup - Diphtheria
Meningitis - Inflations of brain or spinal cord
Metritis - Inflammation of uterus or purulent vaginal discharge
Miasma - Poisonous vapors thought to infect the air
Milk fever - Disease from drinking contaminated milk, like undulant fever or brucellosis
Milk leg - Post partum thrombophlebitis
Milk sickness - Disease from milk of cattle which had eaten poisonous weeds
Mormal - Gangrene
Morphew - Scurvy blisters on the body
Mortification - Gangrene of necrotic tissue
Myelitis - Inflammation of the spine
Myocarditis - Inflammation of heart muscles
Necrosis - Mortification of bones or tissue
Nephrosis - Kidney degeneration
Nephritis - Inflammation of kidneys
Nervous prostration - Extreme exhaustion from inability to control physical and mental activities
Neuralgia - Described as discomfort, such as "headache" was neuralgia in head
Nostalgia - Homesickness
Palsy - Paralysis or uncontrolled movement of controlled muscles
Paroxysm - Convulsion
Pemphigus - Skin disease of watery blisters
Pericarditis - Inflammation of the heart
Peripneumonia - Inflammation of the lungs
Peritonitis - Inflammation of the abdominal area
Petechial fever - Fever characterized by skin spotting
Phthiriasis - Chronic wasting away or a name for tuberculosis
Plague - An acute febrile highly infectious disease with a high fatality rate
Pleurisy - Any pain in the chest area with each breath
Podagra - Gout
Poliomyelitis - Polio; Potter's asthma
Pott's disease - Tuberculosis of the spine
Puerperal exhaustion - Death due to childbirth
Puerperal fever - Elevated temperature after giving birth to an infant
Puking fever - Milk sickness
Putrid fever - Diphtheria
Quinsy - Tonsillitis
Remitting fever - Malaria
Rheumatism - Any disorder associated with pain in joints
Rickets - Disease of skeletal system
Rose cold - Hay fever or nasal symptoms of an allergy
Rotanny fever - (Child's disease) ???
Rubeola - German measles
Sanguineous crust - Scab
Scarlatina - Scarlet fever
Scarlet fever - A disease characterized by a red rash
Scarlet rash - Roseola
Sciatica - Rheumatism in the hips
Scirrhus - Cancerous tumors
Scotomy - Dizziness, nausea and dimness of sight
Scrivener's palsy - Writer's cramp
Screws - Rheumatism
Scrofula - Tuberculosis of neck lymph glands; progresses slowly with abscesses and pistulas develop; young person's disease
Scrumpox - Skin disease; impetigo
Scurvy - Lack of Vitamin C; symptoms of weakness, spongy gums and hemorrhages under the skin
Septicemia - Blood poisoning
Shakes - Delirium tremens
Shaking - Chills; ague
Ship fever - Typhus
Siriasis - Inflammation of the brain due to sun exposure
Sloes - Milk sickness
Small pox - Contagious disease with fever and blisters
Softing of brain - Result of stroke or hemmorhage in the brain, with an end result of the tissue softening in that area
Sore throat - distemper Diphtheria or quinsy
Spanish influenza - Epidemic influenza
Spasms - Sudden involuntary contraction of a muscle or group of muscles, like a convulsion
Spina bifida - Deformity of spine
Spotted fever - Either typhus or meningitis
Sprue - Tropical disease characterized by intestinal disorders and sore throat
St. Anthony's fire - Also erysipelas, but named so because of affected skin areas being bright red in appearance
St. Vitas dance - Ceaseless occurance of rapid complex jerking movements performed involuntarily
Stomatitis - Inflammation of the mouth
Stranger's fever - Yellow fever
Strangery - Rupture
Sudor anglicus - Sweating sickness
Summer complaint - Diarrhea, usually in infants, caused by spoiled milk
Sunstroke - Uncontrolled elevation of body temperature due to environment heat; lack of sodium in the body is a predisposing cause
Swamp sickness - - Could be malaria, typhoid or encephalitis
Sweating sickness - - Infectious and fatal disease common to the UK in the 15th century
Tetanus - Infectious disease characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness
Thrombosis - Blood clot inside blood vessel
Thrush - Childhood disease characterized by spots on mouth, lips and throat
Tick fever - Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Toxemia of pregnancy - Eclampsia
Trench mouth - Painful ulcers found along gum line; caused by poor nutrition and poor hygiene
Tussis convulsiva - Whooping cough
Typhus - Infectious fever characterized by high fever, headache and dizziness
Variola - Smallpox
Venesection - Bleeding
Viper's dance - St. Vitus dance
Yellowjacket - Yellow fever

          51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best? A. A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits. B. Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time. C. Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan. D. A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.         

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that: A. you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B. the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80. C. you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours. D.         

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel. A. physical, digital B. e-commerce, digital C. physical, financial D. digital, e-commerce E. digital, physical        

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________. A. Tracking cookies B. Web data C. Information D. Clickstream data E. Hyperlink data        

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information. A. regionalization B. globalization C. nationalization D. business environment         

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
A.   The U.S. debt per-person is large compared with average lifetime income.
B.   In 2005, the U.S. government had a deficit. C.   A potential cost of deficits is that they reduce national saving, thereby reducing growth of the capital stock and output growth.
D.   Deficits give people the opportunity to consume at the expense of their children, but they do not require them to do so.
           
24) The part of the balance of payments account that lists all long-term flows of payments is called the:
A.   balance of trade. B.   financial and capital account.
C.   government financial account.
D.   current account.
25) Edward Prescott and Finn Kydland won the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2004. One of their contributions was to argue that if a central bank could convince people to expect zero inflation, then the Fed would be tempted to raise output by increasing inflation. This possibility is known as __________.
A.   the sacrifice ratio dilemma B.   the monetary policy reaction lag
C.   the time inconsistency of policy
D.   inflation targeting
26) In general, the longest lag for __________.
A.   fiscal policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for monetary policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
B.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
C.   monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy, while for fiscal policy the longest lag is the time it takes for policy to affect aggregate demand
D.   both fiscal and monetary policy is the time it takes to change policy
27) Consider two items that might be included in GDP: (1) The estimated rental value of owner-occupied housing; and (2) purchases of newly-constructed homes. How are these two items accounted for when GDP is calculated?
A.   Only item (2) is included in GDP and it is included in the investment component.
B.   Item (1) is included in the consumption component, while item (2) is included in the investment component.
C.   Item (1) is included in the investment component, while item (2) is included in the consumption component.
D.   Both item (1) and item (2) are included in the consumption component of GDP.

28) Managers will utilize __________ skills with increasing frequency as they rise within an organization.
A.   Professional B.   Interpersonal and communication
C.   Technical D.   Professional E.   Conceptual and decision
29) Which of these represent skills that managers need?
A.   Interpersonal, quantitative, and professional B.   Technical, interpersonal & communication and conceptual & decision making
C.   Professional, technical and interpersonal & communication D.   Conceptual & decision making, professional and technical E.   Interpersonal & communication, conceptual & decision making and professional
           
30) Building a dynamic organization is another way of describing which function of management?
A.   Staffing B.   Organizing
C.   Leading D.   Controlling
E.   Planning
31) Your roommate is interested in starting a business and everybody has been giving him different information about being an entrepreneur. Since you have been studying about entrepreneurship and new ventures, which of these would you tell him is true?
A.   Anyone can start a business B.   All entrepreneurs need venture capital in order to get started C.   Successful entrepreneurs take very careful, calculated risks D.   Entrepreneurs are their own bosses and completely independent
E.   Money should not be considered a start-up ingredient
32) The term used to refer to all kinds of differences including religious affiliation, age, disability status, economic class and lifestyle in addition to gender, race, ethnicity and nationality is:
A.   Diversity B.   Managerial ethics
C.   Recruiting D.   Employment E.   Selection
33) A manager's ability to stimulate people to be high performers is referred to as:
A.   Planning B.   Supervising
C.   Controlling
D.   Organizing E.   Leading
34) A series of quality standards developed by a committee working under the International Organization for Standardization to improve total quality in all businesses for the benefit of both producers and consumers is:
A.   Total quality management B.   Customer-based integration C.   Computer-integrated manufacturing (CIM)
D.   Just-in-time control (JIT)
E.   ISO 9000
35) Japanese manufacturers' kaizen (continuous improvement) programs enable them to maintain:
A.   A strategic alliance B.   A homogeneous workforce C.   Positive working relationships with all employees
D.   A Learning advantage over their competition E.   Larger, faster facilities
36) Listening to employee suggestions, gaining support for organizational objectives and fostering an atmosphere of teamwork are all considered:
A.   Technical skills B.   Conceptual C.   Professional skills D.   Interpersonal/communication skills
E.   Diagnostic skills
37) The basic components of an effective sexual harassment policy include the following EXCEPT:
A.   To develop an organization wide policy on sexual harassment B.   To establish a means for ongoing training C.   To act immediately when employees complain of sexual harassment
D.   To establish a performance appraisal system E.   To establish a formal complaint procedure
38) Teams that operate separately from the regular work structure and exist temporarily are known as:
A.   Management teams B.   Transnational teams
C.   Self-managed teams
D.   Parallel teams E.   Self-designing teams
           
39) The Aquatic Center, Inc. periodically reviews the goals of the company. During the process, The Aquatic Center managers analyze their current strategies as compared to their competitors, determine goals that they will pursue and decide upon specific actions for each area of the company to take in pursuit of these goals. The Aquatic Center managers have been engaged in the management function of:
A.   Goal Coordination
B.   Controlling C.   Organizing D.   Staffing E.   Planning
40) As related to managing of human resources, diversity refers to:
A.   Differences in demographics (such as age, race, gender, disability status, lifestyle, veteran status, educational level, etc.)
B.   Differences in pay methods (such as hourly, salaried, overtime, hazard-pay, commissioned, etc.)
C.   Differences in employee benefit plans (such as pensions, insurance, vacations, memberships, etc.)
D.   Differences in retention strategies (such as training, hiring, incentives, etc) E.   Differences in recruiting methods (such as newspapers, schools, flyers, magazines, agencies, etc.)
           
41) __________ is the process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals.
A.   Controlling B.   Decision making
C.   Planning D.   Supervising E.   Management
42) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, the median is _____.
A.   3 B.   3.5
C.   2.5
D.   2
43) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(S | W) is approximately _____.
A.   .40
B.   .30
C.   .12
D.   .58
           
44) Use the following table to answer question:
 P(M  A) is approximately _____.
A.   .50 B.   .625
C.   .125
D.   .25
45) Dullco Manufacturing claims that its alkaline batteries last forty hours on average in a certain type of portable CD player. Tests on a random sample of 18 batteries showed a mean battery life of 37.8 hours with a standard deviation of 5.4 hours.
In determining the p-value for reporting the study's findings, which of the following is true?
A.   The p-value is equal to .05. B.   The p-value is greater than .05. C.   The p-value cannot be determined without specifying  . D.   The p-value is less than .05.
46) William used a sample of 68 U.S. cities to estimate the relationship between Crime (annual property crimes per 100,000 persons) and Income (median income per capita). His estimated regression equation was Crime = 428 + .050 Income.
Which outcomes would be likely in a bivariate regression on 45 randomly chosen U.S. cities in 2005 with
Y = number of robberies in each city (thousands of robberies) and
X = size of police force in each city (thousands of police)?
A.   High R2 (due to city size). B.   Positive slope (due to city size).
C.   No correlation. D.   Autocorrelation.
47) Twelve randomly-chosen students were asked how many times they had missed class during a certain semester, with this result: 2, 1, 5, 1, 1, 3, 4, 3, 1, 1, 5, 18.
For this sample, which measure of central tendency is least representative of the “typical” student?
A.   Midrange
B.   Mean C.   Mode D.   Median
           
48) Likely reasons for inaccurate control limits would include which of the following?
A.   Process variation was not zero, as expected. B.   The engineering parameter for variance is unknown.
C.   There was insufficient preliminary sampling. D.   The engineers were underpaid for their work.
49) You are faced with a linear programming objective function of:
Max P = $20X + $30Y
and constraints of:
3X + 4Y = 24 (Constraint A)
5X – Y = 18 (Constraint B)
You discover that the shadow price for Constraint A is 7.5 and the shadow price for Constraint B is 0. Which of these statements is TRUE?
A.   The most you would want to pay for an additional unit of A would be $7.50.
B.   You can change quantities of X and Y at no cost for Constraint B. C.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, the price of A rises by $7.50.
D.   For every additional unit of the objective function you create, you lose 0 units of B.
           
50) A project has three paths. A–B–C has a length of 25 days. A–D–C has a length of 15 days. Finally, A–E–C has a length of 20 days. Which one of the following statements is TRUE?
A.   The expected duration of this project is 25 + 15 + 20 = 60 days.
B.   A–D–C is the critical path. C.   The expected duration of this project is 25 days. D.   A–B–C has the most slack.
51) Which one of the following statements concerning production and staffing plans is best?
A.   A master production schedule is a projected statement of income, costs, and profits.
B.   Aggregation can be performed along three dimensions: product families, labor, and time.
C.   Production plans are based primarily on information from the master production plan.
D.   A staffing plan is the intermediate link between the business plan and the master production schedule.
           
52) While glancing over the sensitivity report, you note that the stitching labor has a shadow price of $10 and a lower limit of 24 hours with an upper limit of 36 hours. If your original right hand value for stitching labor was 30 hours, you know that:
A.   you would lose $80 if one of your workers missed an entire 8 hour shift. B.   the next worker that offers to work an extra 8 hours should receive at least $80.
C.   you would be willing pay up to $60 for someone to work another 6 hours.
D.   you can send someone home 6 hours early and still pay them the $60 they would have earned while on the clock.

53) The costs of delivering products in the _____ channel are much higher than delivering products in the _____ channel.
A.   physical, digital B.   e-commerce, digital
C.   physical, financial D.   digital, e-commerce
E.   digital, physical
54) When customers access a Web site and make purchases, they generate __________.
A.   Tracking cookies B.   Web data C.   Information D.   Clickstream data
E.   Hyperlink data
55) _____ is the integration of economic, social, cultural, and ecological facets of life, enabled by information.
A.   regionalization B.   globalization C.   nationalization D.   business environment
           
56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________.
A.   a code of ethics B.   responsibility charters
C.   a strategic plan D.   a mission statement E.   a goals outline
57) What is _____ is not necessarily _____.
A.   Illegal, unethical B.   Unethical, legal C.   Ethical, illegal D.   Unethical, illegal
E.   Ethical, legal
58) _____ provides users with a view of what is happening, where _____ addresses why it is happening.
A.   Multidimensional data analysis, structured query language
B.   Multidimensional data analysis, neural networks C.   Data mining, multidimensional data analysis D.   Data mining, expert system E.   Multidimensional data analysis, data mining
59) Computer support is greatest for which of the following problems?
A.   Semistructured and strategic planning B.   Semistructured and management control
C.   Unstructured and operational control D.   Structured and operational control E.   Structured and management control
60) The management cockpit best exemplifies which type of system?
A.   Decision support system B.   Functional area information system
C.   Expert system D.   Digital dashboard E.   Group decision support system
61) _____ is the efficient and effective execution of specific tasks.
A.   Operational control
B.   Expertise C.   Management control
D.   Strategic planning E.   Wisdom
62) Geocoding is __________.
A.   accessing geographical information B.   integrating maps with spatially oriented databases and other databases
C.   integrating organizational transactions with spatially oriented databases D.   programming spatially oriented databases E.   encrypting spatial information
63) At 8% compounded annually, how long will it take $750 to double?
A.   48 months
B.   6.5 years C.   9 years D.   12 years
64) Which of the following represents an attempt to measure the earnings of the firm’s operations over a given time period?
A.   Cash flow statement
B.   Balance sheet C.   Income statement D.   Quarterly statement
           
65) A machine costs $1,000, has a three-year life, and has an estimated salvage value of $100. It will generate after-tax annual cash flows (ACF) of $600 a year, starting next year. If your required rate of return for the project is 10%, what is the NPV of this investment? (Round your answerwer to the nearest $10.)
A.   $570 B.   $490 C.   $900 D.   -$150
           
66) Disadvantages of using current liabilities as opposed to long-term debt include:
A.   higher cash flow exposure B.   greater risk of illiquidity, and uncertainty of interest costs
C.   decreased risk of liquidity D.   certainty of interest costs E.   uncertainty of future liabilities
67) Petrified Forest Skin Care, Inc. pays an annual perpetual dividend of $1.70 per share. If the stock is currently selling for $21.25 per share, what is the expected rate of return on this stock?
A.   12.5% B.   36.13%
C.   8.0% D.   13.6%
68) Which of the following is most consistent with the hedging principle in working capital management?
A.   Fixed assets should be financed with short-term notes payable. B.   Inventory should be financed with preferred stock. C.   Accounts receivable should be financed with short-term lines of credit.
D.   Borrow on a floating rate basis to finance investments in permanent assets.
           
69) An increase in future value can be caused by an increase in the __________.
A.   original amount invested B.   annual interest rate and number of compounding periods
C.   rate of return D.   dividends paid E.   starting value
70) If the quote for a forward exchange contract is greater than the computed price, the forward contract is:
A.   at equilibrium.
B.   undervalued. C.   a good buy. D.   overvalued.
71) Your company is considering an investment in a project which would require an initial outlay of $300,000 and produce expected cash flows in Years 1 through 5 of $87,385 per year. You have determined that the current after-tax cost of the firm’s capital (required rate of return) for each source of financing is as follows:
Cost of debt     8%
Cost of preferred stock           12%
Cost of common stock            16%
Long-term debt currently makes up 20% of the capital structure, preferred stock 10%, and common stock 70%. What is the net present value of this project?
A.   $1,568
B.   $871 C.   $1,241
D.   $463
72) Suppose you determine that the NPV of a project is $1,525,855. What does that mean?
A.   The project’s IRR would have to be less that the firm’s discount rate. B.   The project would add value to the firm. C.   Under all conditions, the project’s payback would be less than the profitability index.
D.   In all cases, investing in this project would be better than investing in a project that has an NPV of $850,000.
           
73) The common stockholders are most concerned with:
A.   the spread between the return generated on new investments and the investor’s required rate of return.
B.   the size of the firm’s beginning earnings per share. C.   the risk of the investment. D.   the percentage of profits retained.
74) PepsiCo calculates unlevered betas for each peer group in order to:
A.   eliminate different financial risks.
B.   eliminate competitive factors. C.   eliminate judgment factors. D.   eliminate different business risks.
75) Which of the following best represents operating income?
A.   Income from discontinued operations
B.   Earnings before interest and taxes C.   Income from capital gains D.   Income after financing activities
76) In comparison to the buying of final consumers, the purchasing of organizational buyers:
A.   is even less predictable. B.   leans basically toward economy, quality, and dependability.
C.   is always emotional. D.   is strictly economic and not at all emotional. E.   is always based on competitive bids from multiple suppliers.
           
77) The basic objective of the U.S. market-directed economic system is to:
A.   achieve an annual growth rate of at least 10 percent. B.   provide each person with an equal share of the economic output.
C.   make the most efficient use of the country's resources. D.   minimize inflation. E.   satisfy consumer needs as they--the consumers--see them.
78) Comparing GDP for foreign countries can help a marketing manager evaluate potential markets if the manager remembers that:
A.   GDP measures show people's tendency to buy particular products. B.   income tends to be evenly distributed among consumers in most countries. C.   GDP estimates may not be very accurate for very different cultures and economies.
D.   Other countries most likely don’t use the US Dollar as their primary currency.
E.   GDP measures show the degree of competition in a market.
79) A firm's "marketing mix" decision areas would NOT include:
A.   Promotion.
B.   People. C.   Price. D.   Place. E.   Product.
80) __________ is a marketing management aid which refers to how customers think about proposed and/or present brands in a market.
A.   Brand familiarity B.   Positioning
C.   Market scanning D.   Customer relationship management (CRM)
E.   Market segmentation
81) The "four Ps" of a marketing mix are:
A.   Production, Personnel, Price, and Physical Distribution
B.   Promotion, Production, Price, and People C.   Potential customers, Product, Price, and Personal Selling
D.   Product, Price, Promotion, and Profit E.   Product, Place, Promotion, and Price
82) When evaluating macro-marketing:
A.   the evaluation is necessarily subjective. B.   the best approach is to consider the profit generated by individual firms within the overall system.
C.   one must determine how efficiently the society's resources are used. D.   one must consider the society’s role in the marketing system. E.   one must consider each individual firm's role in the marketing system.
83) A cluster analysis of the "toothpaste market" would probably show that:
A.   the broad product-market can be served effectively with one marketing mix.
B.   most consu
          56) Various organizations that promote fair and responsible use of information systems often develop __________. A. a code of ethics B. responsibility charters C. a strategic plan D. a mission statement E. a goals outline        

BUS/475 Guide 4


1) The cost principle requires that when assets are acquired, they be recorded at __________.
A.   list price B.   selling price C.   exchange price paid D.   appraisal value
2) "Generally accepted" in the phrase generally accepted accounting principles means that the principles __________.
A.   have been approved for use by the managements of business firms
B.   have been approved by the Internal Revenue Service C.   have substantial authoritative support D.   are proven theories of accounting
3) The standards and rules that are recognized as a general guide for financial reporting are called __________.
A.   standards of financial reporting B.   operating guidelines C.   generally accepted accounting principles D.   generally accepted accounting standards
4) Sam's Used Cars uses the specific identification method of costing inventory. During March, Sam purchased three cars for $6,000, $7,500, and $9,750, respectively. During March, two cars are sold for $9,000 each. Sam determines that at March 31, the $9,750 car is still on hand. What is Sam’s gross profit for March?
A.   $8,250
B.   $750 C.   $4,500
D.   $5,250
           
5) Hess, Inc. sells a single product with a contribution margin of $12 per unit and fixed costs of $74,400 and sales for the current year of $100,000. How much is Hess’s break even point?
A.   2,133 units
B.   6,200 units
C.   $25,600 D.   4,600 units
           
6) As Plant Controller, you are trying to determine which costs over which you have the most control on a day to day basis. Your goal is to achieve better profitability. The Plant Operations Manager suggests that overhead is the easiest area to directly reduce costs. Which of the following items would be classified as manufacturing overhead?
A.   The western division’s vice president’s salary
B.   Cost of landscaping the corporate office C.   General corporate liability insurance D.   Factory janitor
7) What is the preparation of reports for each level of responsibility in the company’s organization chart called?
A.   Master budgeting analysis
B.   Exception reporting C.   Responsibility reporting
D.   Static reporting
8) Disney’s variable costs are 30% of sales. The company is contemplating an advertising campaign that will cost $22,000. If sales are expected to increase $40,000, by how much will the company's net income increase?
A.   $6,000 B.   $12,000
C.   $28,000
D.   $18,000
           
9) The cost of an asset and its fair market value are __________.
A.   never the same B.   irrelevant when the asset is used by the business in its operations
C.   the same on the date of acquisition D.   the same when the asset is sold
10) Which one of the following is a product cost?
A.   Indirect labor B.   Sales person’s salaries
C.   Advertising costs D.   Office salaries
11) What exists when budgeted costs exceed actual results?
A.   A budgeting error B.   An unfavorable difference
C.   An excess profit D.   A favorable difference
12) The income statement and balance sheet columns of Pine Company's worksheet reflects the following totals:
                        Income Statement                  Balance Sheet
            Dr.       Cr.                   Dr.       Cr.
Totals              $58,000           $48,000                       $34,000           $44,000
           

Closing entries are necessary for __________.
A.   permanent accounts only B.   both permanent and temporary accounts
C.   permanent or real accounts only D.   temporary accounts only
13) Managerial accounting __________.
A.   is concerned with costing products B.   pertains to the entity as a whole and is highly aggregated
C.   places emphasis on special-purpose information D.   is governed by generally accepted accounting principles
           
14) H55 Company sells two products, beer and wine. Beer has a 10 percent profit margin and wine has a 12 percent profit margin. Beer has a 27 percent contribution margin and wine has a 25 percent contribution margin. If other factors are equal, which product should H55 push to customers?
A.   Beer B.   Selling either results in the same additional income for the company
C.   It should sell an equal quantity of both D.   Wine
15) Lekeisha's income exceeds her expenditures. Lekeisha is a __________.
A.   saver who demands money from the financial system B.   borrower who demands money from the financial system
C.   borrower who supplies money to the financial system D.   saver who supplies money to the financial system
16) Maurice receives $100 as a birthday gift. In deciding how to spend the money, he narrows his options down to four choices: Option A, Option B, Option C, and Option D. Each option costs $100. Finally he decides on Option B. The opportunity cost of this decision is __________.
A.   the value to Maurice of the option he would have chosen had Option B not been available
B.   $100 C.   $300 D.   the value to Maurice of Options A, C and D combined
17) A production possibilities frontier will be a straight line if __________.
A.   the economy is producing efficiently B.   the economy is engaged in trade with at least one other economy C.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails no opportunity cost in terms of the other good
D.   increasing the production of one good by x units entails a constant opportunity cost in terms of the other good
           
18) In economics, the cost of something is __________.
A.   what you give up to get it B.   often impossible to quantify, even in principle C.   the dollar amount of obtaining it D.   always measured in units of time given up to get it
           
19) A tax on an imported good is called a __________.
A.   supply tax
B.   trade tax C.   quota D.   tariff
20) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   GDP is to a nation’s economy as household income is to a household. B.   GDP increases if the total population increases. C.   GDP measures two things at once: the total income of everyone in the economy and the unemployment rate.
D.   Money continuously flows from households to government and then back to households, and GDP measures this flow of money.
           
21) In computing GDP, market prices are used to value final goods and services because __________.
A.   if market prices are out of line with how people value goods, the government sets price ceilings and price floors
B.   Market prices are not used in computing GDP C.   market prices reflect the values of goods and services D.   market prices do not change much over time, so it is easy to make comparisons between years

22) Which of the following statements about GDP is correct?
A.   Nominal GDP values production at market prices, whereas real GDP values production at the cost of the resources used in the production process.
B.   Nominal GDP consistently underestimates the value of production, whereas real GDP consistently overestimates the value of production.
C.   Nominal GDP values production at current prices, whereas real GDP values production at constant prices.
D.   Nominal GDP values production at constant prices, whereas real GDP values production at current prices.
           
23) Which of the following is not correct?
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