CHARLAMOS CON RICARDO GÓMEZ        
Este miércoles 22 charlaremos un rato con Ricardo. 
Lo hemos querido conocer un poquito más a través de su biografía y  sus cuentos. 
Pronto os contaremos que tal ha ido todo. 



Wednesday, February 24 8:00 pm American Idol, Fox (1 hr) NEW It’s time for Ellen and the rest of the judges to watch the men sing their hearts out—and the viewers’ turn to call in and vote! 9:30 pm Wanda Sykes: I’ma Be Me, HBO (1 hr) REPEAT Out comedian and LGBT advocate Wanda Sykes comments on everything from having an African American president to her experience coming out.

A former fling pays Matt a visit on Nip/Tuck.

10:00 pm Nip/Tuck, FX (1 hr) NEW Lesbian anesthesiologist Liz has big news, and Julia is back! Meanwhile, an old flame from Matt’s past makes an appearance, just as he’s ready to commit to someone else. 10:00 pm High School Reunion, TV Land (1 hr) NEW Tune in to find out which of the classmates drops out and leaves the show! And a surprise proposal leads to the first wedding in HSR history. 10:00 pm The Real World: Washington D.C., MTV (1 hr) NEW Fun and games turns into a relationship torn apart, while Josh comes to terms with his cheating ways. Features bisexual roomies Mike and Emily. 10:00 pm Shear Genius, Bravo (1 hr) NEW The remaining stylists work their genius to create do’s for bridesmaids. Features gay stylists Brian and Matthew. 10:00 pm The Robert Verdi Show Starring Robert Verdi, Logo (30 min) NEW Follow gay style expert Robert Verdi and his team as they try to fulfill Verdi’s every fleeting desire to earn more fame, fortune, and free stuff.
February 24, 2010

          Kommentar till Där försvann motivationen..        
BergaRolf såg jätte fin ut och du hsr gjort ett toppen jobb. Ska bli kul att få hem honom.
          CHSR 97.9FM Top 30 Album Chart – July 30, 2017 to August 5, 2017        

Check out who we played the most last week!

The post CHSR 97.9FM Top 30 Album Chart – July 30, 2017 to August 5, 2017 appeared first on CHSR-FM 97.9.


          Her Turn 2017-08-08        

All new music tonight on Her Turn, 7pm AST on CHSR 97.9FM//stream it live www.chsrfm.ca

The post Her Turn 2017-08-08 appeared first on CHSR-FM 97.9.


          3rd Septemer 2010: Freshers DJd @ NIFT Bangalore HSR Layout, Bangalore.        











Photography by - Raju Raman



          29th October 2010: DJd @ NIFT Bangalore HSR Layout, Bangalore.        






Photography by - Raju Raman


          9th February 2011: DJd @ The O Bar HSR Layout, Bangalore.        



























1st Long Line Rescue in Greece ever || G.E.A.R Hellenic Rotors



Για το Paragliding And Aviation
Βαγγέλης ''DrFlight'' Αρβανίτης

          Setback for HSR in San Jose to San Francisco Environmental Analysis        

"A coalition that includes Menlo Park, Atherton and Palo Alto scored a legal victory over the California High Speed Rail Authority Thursday when a Sacramento judge ruled that the state agency has to reopen and revise its environmental analysis of the controversial line.

Publication Date: 
Fri, 11/11/2011

          Buyer Beware: Consummating Non-HSR Reportable Mergers May Prove Costly In The End        
A recent speech by Deputy Assistant Attorney General Leslie Overton emphasized the risk in consummating mergers that do not have to be reported under the HSR Act, but have (or may have) adverse effects on competition.  Ms. Overton emphasized that the Antitrust Division devotes substantial resources to, and challenges, non-reportable mergers.  The Antitrust Division learns […]
          Bincang-bincang Hadits Khilafah (2)        

Kemudian penulis berkata :


> Salah satu rawi Hadis di atas bernama Habib bin Salim. Menurut Imam Bukhari,

> "fihi nazhar". Inilah sebabnya imam Bukhari tidak pernah menerima hadis yang

> diriwayatkan oleh Habib bin Salim tsb. Di samping itu, dari 9 kitab utama

> (kutubut tis'ah) hanya Musnad Ahmad yang meriwayatkan hadis tsb. Sehingga

> "kelemahan" sanad hadis tsb tidak bisa ditolong.


Dalam hal ini al-Bukhari menyendiri, sebab Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidzi, an-Nasa’i, Ibnu Majah, Ahmad dan imam-imam yang lainnya meriwayatkan dari Habib bin Salim walaupun bukan hadits khilafah tersebut. Menyimpulkan hadits itu “lemah” hanya dengan pendapat al-Bukhari tanpa mempertimbangkan pendapat para imam yang lain adalah terlalu tergesa-gesa dan gegabah. Bukti bahwa penulis ini tidaklah faham kaidah-kaidah jarh wa ta’dil menurut para ulama hadits sebagaimana dijelaskan di atas. Apabila kaidah penulis ini diberlakukan maka banyak sekali hadits-hadits yang shahih menjadi “lemah” bahkan hadits-hadits yang di dalam al-Bukhari dan Muslim pun akan menjadi lemah mengingat banyak rawi-rawi al-Bukhari dan Muslim yang tidak lepas dari jarh. Kaidah penulis ini juga menjadikan ilmu hadits sangat sederhana yakni dengan melihat Shahih al-Bukhari saja atau dengan melihat 9 kitab utama hadits. Padahal tidak sedikit hadits-hadits yang shahih di luar 9 kitab utama tersebut sehingga banyak ulama yang menyusun kitab-kitab “zawa’id” yang merupakan tambahan dari kitab-kitab hadits yang dianggap utama.


Kemudian penulis berkata:


> Rupanya Habib bin salim itu memang cukup "bermasalah" . Dia membaca hadis

> tsb di depan khalifah 'umar bin abdul aziz utk menjustifikasi bhw

> kekhilafahan 'umar bin abdul azis merupakan khilafah 'ala

> minhajin nubuwwah. Saya menduga kuat bhw Habib mencari muka di depan

> khalifah karena sebelumnya ada sejumlah hadis yang mengatakan:

>

> "*setelah kenabian akan ada khilafah 'ala minhajin nubuwwah, lalu akan

> muncul para raja*."

>

> Hadis ini misalnya diriwayatkan oleh thabrani (dan dari penelaahan saya

> ternyata sanadnya majhul). Saya duga hadis thabrani ini muncul pada masa

> mu'awiyah atau yazid sebagai akibat pertentangan

> politik saat itu.


Beginilah akhlaq penulis yang mudah berburuk sangka sesama muslim apalagi muslim yang sudah meninggal dari kalangan tiga generasi awal umat ini yang dijamin oleh Rasululllah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam sebagai generasi terbaik.



خَيْرُ النَّاسِ قَرْنِي ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ الَّذِينَ يَلُونَهُمْ ثُمَّ يَجِيءُ أَقْوَامٌ تَسْبِقُ شَهَادَةُ أَحَدِهِمْ يَمِينَهُ وَيَمِينُهُ شَهَادَتَهُ



“Sebaik-baik manusia adalah generasiku kemudian setelah mereka kemudian setelah mereka kemudian akan datang kaum-kaum yang persaksiannya mendahului sumpahnya dan sumpahnya mendahului persaksiannya” (HSR al-Bukhari No. 2458 [MS])



Habib bin Salim adalah tabi’in pertengahan. Tidak ada seorangpun ulama yang mencela sisi keadilannya baik ulama semasa beliau ataupun setelahnya. al-Bukhari mengkritik beliau hanya melihat sisi ke”dhabit” annya (tingkat hafalan dan penjagaan hadits) bukan keadilannya. Kemudian datanglah penulis ini mencela keadilan Habib bin Salim dengan menuduh Habib membuat hadits untuk mencari muka di depan ‘Umar bin Abdu al-‘Aziz. Perbuatan mencari muka dengan membuat hadits adalah perbuatan yang sangat tercela, seolah-olah Habib ini tidak takut dengan ancaman berdusta atas nama Nabi ‘alaihi ash-shalatu wa as-salam. Adalah hal yang aneh sekali kalau seandainya hadits ini dibuat oleh Habib dan tidak ada ulama-ulama hadits zaman itu dan setelahnya yang tidak memperingatkan dia dan kaum muslimin kalau Habib benar-benar membuat-buat hadits. Sudah biasa di kalangan para ulama hadits bahwa para pemalsu hadits sangat mudah dikenali dan diketahui.

Kalau penulis ini mau mencermati matan haditsnya dengan hati-hati dan penuh baik sangka dengan sesama muslim maka tidak selayaknya dia berburuk sangka dengan Habib bin Salim.

“Habib berkata : Ketika ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Aziz menjadi raja dan Yazid bin an-Nu’man bin Basyir adalah sahabatnya maka akau menulis surat kepadanya (Yazid) dengan hadits ini dengan menyebutkan hadits itu kepadanya, kemudian aku berkata kepadanya sesungguhnya aku berharap Amir al-Mu’minin yakni ‘Umar adalah setelah kerajaaan yang mengiggit dan kerajaan yang arogan. Kemudian kitabku ini dimasukkan kepada ‘Umar bin Abdu al-‘Aziz maka beliau bahagia dan ta’jub.”

Jelas sekali Habib bin Salim hanya berharap supaya ‘Umar bin Abdu al-‘Aziz termasuk khilafah ‘ala minhaj an-nubuwwah. Apakah salah seseorang berharap seperti itu??. Walaupun harapan Habib ini tidak mesti benar. Tetapi sama sekali tidak menjatuhkan kredibilitas dia, apalagi sampai melemahkan haditsnya atau bahkan menuduh dia membuat-buat hadits. Kemudian Yazid bin an-Nu’manlah yang menyampaikan kepada ‘Umar bin Abdu al-‘Aziz bukan Habib sendiri.

Kemudian tidak ada kelaziman bahwa Habib menyampaikan hadits ini hanya setelah ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Aziz menjadi raja. Dari konteksnya sangat mungkin Habib sudah jauh-jauh hari menyampaikan hadits ini sebelum ‘Umar menjadi raja. ALLAH A’lam.

Sebenarnya tidak hanya Habib saja yang menyampaikan hadits ini, bahkan tidak hanya Hudzaifah tapi dari sahabat yang lain walaupun tidak selengkap versi Habib ini, seperti (saya tidak menyampaikan lengkap sebab akan panjang sekali, silakan dirujuk sendiri kitab-kitab tersebut):

Ibnu ‘Abbas (al-Mu’jam al-Kabir ath-Thabrani No. 10975[MS]), dalam lafadz ini disebutkan an-nubuwwah wa rahmah, khilafah wa rahmah, mulkan wa rahmah dan imarah wa rahmah. al-Albani mengatakan isnadnya jayyid dalam Silsilah ash-Shahihah No. 3270.

Mu’adz bin Jabal dan Abu ‘Ubaidah bin al-Jarrah (Musnad ath-Thayalisi No. 222[MS])

al-Haitsami berkata : “Di dalam sanadnya ada Laits bin Abi Salim, dia tsiqah tapi mudallis, rijal-rijal yang lain tsiqaat (Majma’ az-Zawaid (5/189[MS]))

al-Albani menilai sanadnya lemah, dan matannya munkar, kecuali bagian awal yang sama dengan hadits hudzaifah (Silsilah adh-Dha’ifah No. 3055)

Memang pandangan penulis bisa dipertimbangkan karena riwayat Habib ini ada tambahan khilafah ‘alaa minhaj an-nubuwwah, akan tetapi tidaklah boleh memperkirakan dengan menuduh Habib berusaha mencari muka kepada ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Aziz kemudian menambah-nambah sendiri, ini buruk sangka kepada sesama muslim. Dalam masalah ini berlaku kasus ziadatu ats-tsiqaat yakni tambahan seorang yang tsiqah terhadap suatu hadits. Ziadatu ats-tsiqah diterima selama tidak berlawanan dengan hadits-hadits yang ditambahi sebagaimana terdapat dalam kitab-kitab musthalah, bahkan mayoritas ahli ushul fiqh menerimanya mutlak tanpa syarat. Tambahan riwayat Habib ini tidak menyelisihi riwayat Ibnu ‘Abbas.



Lihat sikap penulis dengan mengatakan


> "Khilafah 'ala minhajin nubuwwah" di teks thabrani ini me-refer ke khulafa

> al-rasyidin, lalu "raja" me-refer ke mu'awiyah dkk. Tapi tiba-tiba muncul

> umar bin abdul azis --dari dinasti umayyah—yang baik dan adil. Apakah beliau

> termasuk "raja" yg ngawur dlm hadis tsb?

>

> Maka muncullah Habib bin Salim yg bicara di depan khalifah Umar bin Abdul

> Azis bhw hadis yg beredar selama ini tidak lengkap. Menurut versi Habib,

> setelah periode para raja, akan muncul lagi khilafah 'ala minhajin

> nubuwwah--> dan ini merefer ke umar bin abdul azis. Jadi nuansa politik

> hadis ini sangat kuat.



Tampak nyata penyamaran penulis terhadap kisah yang sebenarnya.

Masa “mulkan ‘aadhdhan” atau kerajaan yang mengigit (dengan kedzaliman) tidak berarti menghukumi semua raja adalah dzalim, tapi lafadz ini menunjukkan ghalibnya (mayoritas) adalah dzalim terhadap rakyatnya. Sehingga tidak menafikkan kalau ada raja yang adil seperti ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Aziz dengan masa pemerintahan yang sangat pendek di antara raja-raja yang dzalim. Di tambah dalam riwayat Ibnu ‘Abbas ada tambahan rahmah, sehingga walaupun masa raja-raja tapi masih ada rahmah di sana, mungkin salah satunya adalah ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Aziz. Apakah hanya karena salah faham atau tidak bisa memahami kemudian menganggap hadits yang shahih atau hasan menjadi dha’if begitu saja??



بَلْ كَذَّبُواْ بِمَا لَمْ يُحِيطُواْ بِعِلْمِهِ



“Bahkan yang sebenarnya, mereka mendustakan apa yang mereka belum mengetahuinya dengan sempurna “ (QS Yunus: 39)



Ketidakfahaman kita dengan ayat-ayat al-Quran tidaklah kemudian boleh kita menyimpulkan bahwa ayat-ayat al-Quran tidak benar. Begitu pula ketidakfahaman kita dengan hadits-hadits nabawi tidaklah kemudian boleh kita menyimpulkan bahwa hadits tersebut tidak benar.

Tampak nyata juga pertentangan pemikiran penulis setelah sebelumnya mengatakan hadits riwayat Thabrani ini sanadnya majhul tapi kemudian menggunakannya untuk menjatuhkah Habib bin Salim. Bagaimana boleh dengan hadits yang dia nilai sendiri majhul dia gunakan sebagai hujjah untuk menjatuhkan Habib bin Salim. Bukankah ini fikiran yang bertentangan??

Kemudian dia juga menghukumi hadits yang majhul itu sebagai hadits buatan semasa Mu’awiyyah dan Yazid, padalah hadits majhul tidak serta merta menjadi hadits palsu. Kemudian apa hujjah dia sehingga bisa mengatakan seperti itu?? Bukankan tanpa hujjah berarti mengikuti hawa nafsu??

Hadits riwayat ath-Thabrani No. 372[MS] dengan lafadz hampir sama dengan hadits Habib hanya saja tanpa tambahan khilafah ‘alaa minhaj an-nubuwwah setelah mulkan jabriyyah sebagaimana kata penulis akan tetapi di dalam sanadnya ada rawi yang tidak disebutkan namanya (mubham) sehingga majhul ‘ain yakni “ ‘an rajulin min quraisy” (dari seorang laki-laki quraisy). al-Haitsami juga mengatakan demikian ketika menilai hadits ini dalam Majma’ az-Zawaid (5/185[MS]).

Hadits majhul ini tidak bisa digunakan sebagai hujjah untuk menjatuhkan Habib, bagaimana mungkin riwayat yang lebih lemah menjatuhkan riwayat yang lebih kuat (riwayat Habib).



Penulis berkata :



> Repotnya, term khilafah 'ala minhajin nubuwwah yg dimaksud oleh Habib (yaitu

> Umar bin abdul azis) sekarang dipahami oleh ------ (dan kelompok

> sejenis) sebagai jaminan akan datangnya khilafah lagi di kemudian hari.

> Mereka pasti repot menempatkan umar bin abdul azis dalam urutan di atas

> tadi: kenabian, khilafah 'ala mihajin nubuwwah periode pertama (yaitu

> khulafa al-rasyidin) , lalu para raja, dan khilafah 'ala minhajin nubuwwah

> lagi. Kalau khilafah 'ala minhajin nubuwwah periode yg kedua baru muncul di

> akhir jaman maka umar bin abdul azis termasuk golongan para raja yang ngawur

> :-)

>



Tidaklah repot menempatkan ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Azis, karena pemahaman mulkan entah yang ‘aadhdhan ataupun jabriyyah tidak menafikan adanya raja atau pemimpin yang adil di tengah-tengah raja-raja dan pemimpin-pemimpin yang dzalim. Tidak ragu lagi bahwa ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Azis adalah pada periode mulkan (raja-raja) karena Rasulullah shallallah ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda :



الْخِلَافَةُ فِي أُمَّتِي ثَلَاثُونَ سَنَةً ثُمَّ مُلْكٌ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ…



“Khilafah di dalam ummatuku adalah 30 tahun kemudian kerajaan setelah itu…”



Hadits riwayat at-Tirmidzi dan beliau berkata ini hadits hasan (Sunan at-Tirmidzi No. 2152[MS]). al-Albani menshahihkannya dalam Silsilah ash-Shahihah No. 459[MS])

Kemudian dari riwayat Ibnu ‘Abbas periode setelah khilafah itu ada mulk (kerajaan) dan imarah (pemerintahan).

Khilafah selama 30 tahun itu berakhir dengan terbunuhnya ‘Ali bin Abi Thalib radhiallahu ‘anhu dan diangkatnya Hasan bin ‘Ali radhiallahu ‘anhuma yang akhirnya beliau memberikannya kepada Mu’awiyyah radhiallahu ‘anhu maka jadilah Mu’awiyah menjadi raja yang pertama. Sehingga tidak bisa tidak ‘Umar bin ‘Abdu al-‘Azis dan juga semua pemerintahan setelah 30 tahun tersebut masuk periode kerajaan bukan khilafah ‘alaa minhaj an-nubuwwah. Kemudain berita yang mutawatir tentang akan datangnya al-Mahdi dan turunnya Nabi ‘Isa ‘alaihi as-salam menunjukkan bahwa khilafah ‘alaa minhaj an-nubuwwah adalah masa al-Imam al-Mahdi. Riwayat tentang al-Mahdi mencapai derajat mutawatir tanpa ada perbedaan pendapat menurut para ulama hadits sehingga tidak boleh diragukan lagi.


Penulis berkata:


> Saya kira kita memang haus bersikap kritis terhadap hadis-hadis berbau

> politik. Sayangnya sikap kritis ini yang sukar ditumbuhkan di kalangan para

> pejuang khilafah.



Apa kriteria hadis-hadis politik?? apa definisinya, jangan-jangan cara menentukannya hanya sesuai hawa nafsu saja tidak ada kaidahnya. Kemudian sikap kritis itu apa? apakah asal-asalan menolak disebut kritis?? Asal kontroversial terus dianggap kritis??

Seseorang mampu kritis dalam bidang engineering apabila dia menguasai prinsip-prinsip engineering begitu pula seseorang mampu kritis dalam ilmu hadits apabila dia menguasai prinsip-prinsip ilmu hadits. Kalau tidak, niatnya mengkritisi justru berbalik menjadi dikritisi dan nampak ketidaktahuannya dalam ilmu tersebut. ALLAH a’lam.

“Kekritisan” penulis selanjutnya sebenarnya mudah sekali dikritisi tapi memerlukan waktu dan penelaahan referensi. Kalau ada kesempatan insya ALLAH “kekritisan” beliau bisa dikritisi lagi.



Note: [MS] = Maktabah Asy-Syamilah

[MRH] = Mausu’ah Ruwaat al-Hadits

Referensi lainnya edisi cetak yang telah di pdf kan


          Taiwanderland: Guide To Taipei & Tainan        
I have travelled to Taiwan for 3 times in the last 6 years and I can confidently declare it as one of my favourite places to return to. It's a country of rich Chinese culture, modern city life, and nature, all within close proximity. Earlier this year, I was extremely lucky to attend my very first press trip with Everrich Duty-Free Group along with many other Southeast Asian bloggers to experience this amazing country like never before.


Based on my travels to Taipei and Tainan, I have made a guide of places and things to do to help you make the most out of your trip. If you have special recommendations to share, leave it in the comments!


Stay tuned till the end of the post for a special treat for my Southeast Asian readers who are travelling to Taiwan!


First things first: transport. 

Taipei is one of those cities that has a super efficient and extensive transport network. Since the launch of Taipei Metro's airport extension earlier this year, commuting between Taoyuan airport and Taipei city is a breeze. Airport trains are spacious and equipped with wifi. The most impressive feature of Taipei Metro (which I wish we had in Singapore) is its in-town check-in kiosk that allows pre-check-in of baggage to your flight. This feature is incredibly convenient for people, including myself, who have a night flight to catch as I'm given the option to explore the city hands-free before making my way to the airport.



Duty-free shopping in Taiwan is equally effortless with Everrich duty-free downtown shop. Because it's a self-contained mall separate from the airport, it also has a much wider range of products to choose from. Completing my duty-free in advance has its perks as my purchase are packaged, delivered to and stored at the airport for collection on my departure day (after immigration). It's totally complimentary and a life saver as it spares me so much precious check-in luggage space! 


Now that we've got the basics to Taipei settled, let's explore the city! There are so much to love about Taiwan and tea is one of them. Tucked away in a small shop house, CHIAO Tea Salon is a perfect city hideout for a quiet afternoon.


Walking is a great way to explore a foreign city. Make it a point to check out the popular Yong Kang street and keep an eye out for street food, stylish boutiques, and candid urban life.


Just a stone's throw away from the Taipei 101 is South Village #44, originally a housing complex for soldiers that had since been converted into cafes and exhibition spaces. Its nostalgic vibes also make good photo backdrops.

Illustration by Mamo

Not many people know that you get a pretty unobstructed view of Taipei 101 from the complex. This trip also marked the first time I actually made it up to the skyscraper's observatory. Well, here is it, sharing with you how 101 floors look like from above:


If this is your first time in Taiwan, don't just stay in Taipei! The Taiwan HSR connects most major cities within the country. It was my very first visit to Tainan and it only took 2 hours to get there.


Tainan is the oldest city in Taiwan and a beloved destination for tourists and locals alike. It's said that Tainan preserves some of the most authentic food and culture which you may not experience anywhere else.

The boutique hotel where I stayed was an attraction in itself. It was a very unique experience to reside in a century-old building in an old town. Jia Jia West Hotel is conceptualised like a 'tree house', with its structure spanning across 3 major sections – the roots, the trunk, and the branches. Each section serves a purpose and guests are free to explore features of the 'tree house'.


Needless to say, the highlight of JJW Hotel was its thematic rooms conceptualised by designers and architects. Each room is drastically different from the other though they have one thing in common: the modern appearance of the hotel's interior is juxtaposed with restored antique furniture and fixtures. So soulful.

The top levels of the 'tree house' houses 2-storey concept rooms which require taller ceilings.


Night markets and street food are inseparable to Taiwanese culture. Grab some friends and check out Hua Yuan night market, which also happens to be the largest one in Tainan city!


The following day, as part of JJW Hotel's culture immersion programme for its guests, we toured the city in rented traditional Chinese dress and learnt to prepare local Tainan cuisine. To begin, we had to shop for ingredients from the market of course!


Back in the hotel, we made our own delicious and healthy Tainan-style lunch.


Don't forget to take plenty of pictures in picturesque Taian, especially on Hai An street, which is also referred to as the 'art street' by the locals. It must have gotten its nickname from its colorful streets that makes every angle Instagram-worthy!


When in Tainan, embark on heritage walking trails that will lead you to many historical sites that mark the early development of Taiwan. 


One of my favourite places in Tainan was the HAYASHI Department Store. The iconic landmark established in 1932 and prides itself as the second oldest department store in the country. Today, the store carries many local products unique to Tainan and is a popular destination for unique gifts among young people. The current management takes great measures to recreate its original floor plan and retains old furniture and fixtures to preserve its incredibly nostalgic atmosphere.


If you could only have 1 meal in Tainan, let this be it. The family-run Chih Kan Pedder's Noodle tops my list. The restaurant's signature dish, Dan Zai noodles, was traditionally a common street delicacy. The closest dish I can compare this to is Singapore's Ba Chor Mee but in no way I mean they're the same. I had an unforgettable meal here and I guarantee that you'll feel the same if you'd try.


The perfect beginning and end to your travels is the airport. 

The Taoyuan airport had revamped itself drastically since my last trip. Some of its noteworthy improvements include highly-thematic waiting lounges, art galleries, and the e-library. There are many facilities I love that the Taoyuan airport consistently refines to ease your travellers and promote local culture. For instance, I adore the wall mural at one of the departure lounges which captures the hustle and bustle of a typical Taiwan night market. Seeing it definitely made me relive those familiar moments and snap a picture for remembrance. 


As I've mentioned earlier, Everrich is offering a special promotion for my Southeast Asian readers who are travelling to Taiwan! All you have to do is to show this blog post when claiming the respective offers below. 


Have fun and I hope you'll love Taiwan as much as I do!


          Housesession Ibiza 2017 Sampler (2017)        
Artist: VA Title: Housesession Ibiza 2017 Sampler Label: Housesession Catalog: HSR 544 Released: 10.08.2017 Type: Compilation Style: Electronic, House, Progressive House Tracklist: 1. BassNoize – My Love (05:03) 2. Ron Carroll – Lucky Star (Martijn Ten Velden remix) (07:01) 3. Francesco Gomez – How Long Can I Wait For You (04:45) 4. Richard Penning – Long
          Buzz Fest 2016 – Experience Marketing        

After hosting our first edition of buzz fest, we were all set to Experience Marketing in our second edition diverting the traffic towards HSR S6. The events area was all set to host some of […]

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          fake consultancies list        
- All
Company names Address
Abyss & Horizon Consulting #519,The Corporate Centre,
Nirmal Lifestyle,LBS Marg,
Mulund,Mumbai-400080
Access IT Consulting Services No. 90,3rd cross,2nd Main,
Ganga Nagar,Bangalore -560032
Access Software Solutions Pvt Ltd #48,Arya Gowda Road,
West Mambalan, Chennai-600003
Acute Hi Technologies/ Acute Technologies Flat No 201, Before end of police station,
Thirumala Apartments, Thirumalagiri,
Hyderabad, AP-500008
Adira Technologies 7,4th Main,OMBR Layout,
Banswadi Bangalore 43
Adroit Claretdene Infotech No.169, 2nd Main,
T.Thimmaiah Road, R K Layout,
Padmanabha Nagar, Bangalore 560070
ADVENT GLOBAL SOLUTIONS Suite # 610, Adithya Trade Centre
Ameerpet, Hyderabad 500038
Aegis consulting serivices B-41, Madhura nagar,
Hyderabad-38
Tel: 040 66100063/64
Telefax: 040 65535755
Emial: service@aegistechnologies.in
Website: www.aegistechnologies.in
AGS technologies #101 Ramakrishna Nivas,
Sanjeeva Reddy Nagar,
Hyderabad 38,
Tel:66259394
Fax:66259395,
wesite:www.agsindia.net
Alien Softnet Technologies H-11/A,Kalkaji, New Delhi-110001
Allsoft Corporation Limited, Hyderabad 4, Eden Gardens, Road No 1,
Banjara Hills,Hyderabad
Anthesis Technologies Pvt Ltd 9, 100 Feet ring road,
BTM 1st stage,
Opp. BTM Water Tank,
Bangalore
Appsinc Flat no. 301&302, Block-B,
Balagi towers,Near Mythri Hospitals,
Ameerpet, Hyderabad, India .
Aptra Infotech No.20,9th Main,3rd block,
Jayanagar,Bangalore - 560011
Aries Infotech No.77,6th Cross, Subramanyapura
Main Road, Banashankari 2nd Stage,
Bangalore-70
Artech Infosystems Pvt. Ltd.
A-4&5,2nd Floor, Logix Park,
Sector 16, Noida - 201301
Aspera Technologies Somajiguda, Hyderabad,
AP, India,
Ph-040 65094118
Aventies IT Solutions No: 980, EWS, 2nd Stage,
Yelahanka, Bangalore - 560064
Avesta solutions 89, BTM Layout, 1st Stage,
11th Main Road, Bangalore
Axil informatics Pvt ltd Plot No-65, 2nd Main,
Dollars Colony, 4th Phase,
J.P. Nagar, Bangalore-78
Azylity Technologies 22/44, Tata Silk Farm,
Kanakpura Main Road,
near Banashankari Bus Stop,
Bangalore, Karnataka
BCC computers Ltd in Madras 47,Second Min Road,
Gandhi Nagar, Adyar,
Chennai-600020
BCS Project Consultants; Bangalore #A,PP Complex, New B.E.L. Road,
Bangalore - 560054
Beacon Software Solutions Hindipracharsabha Road, T Nagar,
Chennai
Bizicon Infotech Pvt Ltd, #1047,14th Cross,25th Main,
Banashankari 2nd Stage,
Bangalore-70
Bloomsoft E-2, 4th Floor, R.M. Towers, 108,
Chamiers Road, Teynampet,
Chennai.
Telfax: 044 42112959
email: contact@bloomsoft.in
URL: www.bloomsoft.in
Bonafied Digital Services No address
Brainlogics software consulting #180, 13th Cross 7th Main,
Malleshwaram Bangalore-03,
India
Phone #: +91 80 32928108
Brainware Infotech #92, NAT Street, Basavanagudi,
Bangalore, Karnataka,
India, Pin-560004
Ph-26616867
Brilliance Infosystems #FF1,5th Main,R.T.Nagar Post,
Bangalore-560035
C G VAK(Coimbatore) 171, Mettupalayam Road,
Coimbatore - 641043
C Wave Technologies # 1A, Shanthi Nilaya, Gayatri Nagar,
Hyderabad-560016,
Tel:55467146 / 55915646,
Canopy India soft # 225, 2nd main,EPIP whitefield,
Bangalore-66 Tel: 080 65373435
Email: canopy@canopyindiasoft.com
website: www.canopyindiasoft.com
Capture IT Solutions Plot No. 68, 3rd Cross,
Near Amar Jyothi School, ITPL Road,
Devasandra, Bangalore- 560 036
Casit Consulting #440,29th Main,8th Cross,
BTM 2nd Stage, Bangalore-76
CBK Infotech 4/3, Sree Complex, MSRCE Road
Opp. NIAS, Mathikere, Bangalore - 54
Cegon Info Solutions 1609 / 24, 3rd Floor,
Opp. Devaiah Park Bus Stop
Lakshmi Complex, Above Shanthi Sagar,
Nagappa Block,Bangalore 560021
Cel - Tel e labs Omkar Apartments,Sr. No.98,
Plot No.11/12,Bhusari Colony,
Paud Road, Kothrud,Pune-411038
Celtic Technologies 3rd Floor,Crystal Lawn,
Wallace Garden 2nd Street,
Nungambakkam, Chennai,
Tamilnadu, Pin-600034
Centric Address is No 2, 2nd Floor,
1st Cross, MSR college, Mthikere,
Bangalore- 560054
Cicil Technologies 406 and 407, 4th floor, Altos enclave
Himayath nagar,Hyd- 29
Tel: 040 27676647
Fax: 040 27676647
email: info@ciciltechnologies.com
Cicil Technologies Plot No. 928, Defence colony,
Sainikpuri,Secunderabad-94
Tel: 040 55191428, 27113168
website: www.ciciltech.com
email: hr@ciciltech.com
Cicil Technologies Plot No. 953, Defence colony,
Sainikpuri,Secunderabad-94
Tel: 040 55191428, 27113168
website: www.ciciltech.com
email: hr@ciciltech.com
Cogent Software Systems # 79, Malviya nagar, Bhopal,
New market Tel: 0755 2551980
Cogent Software Systems 13-D Pocket-B, New Kondli,
Mayur Vihar Phase-III,
Delhi-110096 Tel: 011 2625290
Fax: 011 2610972
Cogent Software Systems Plot No. 151-155,302, Venkatadri complex,
Vivekanandanagar,
Kukatpally Hyd- 72
Tel: 040 55215646/47
website: www.cogentsofttech.com
Cogent software technologies #302, venkatadri complex,
vivekananda nagar, kukatpally,
Hyderabad, Tel:5215646 / 65215647
website: www.cogentsofttech.com
Cogent software technologies 107, 3rd floor, Mandani Complex, Somajiguda,Hyd- 82 Tel: 040 65215646/47
Cogent software technologies Plot No. 151-155,302, Venkatadri complex,
Vivekanandanagar,Kukatpally
Hyd- 72 Tel: 040 55215646/47
website: www.cogentsofttech.com
Comnet Technologies # 761, Behind V.K. Exports,
Outer Ring Road, Marathahalli,
Bangalore
Cooptions Technologies Ltd 44, Mithila Nagar Colony, Road 12, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad-500034
Cosmonet Solutions PVT. Ltd No. 3, 1st Main Road,BHCS,BTM
2nd Stage, Bangalore-76
COVA INFOTECH Plot No.347, IV Main, J.P.Nagar,
Bangalore
Crux Technologies No: 59, First Avenue, Ashok Nagar,
Chennai – 83
Cusat Systems, Bangalore 98, 2nd Main, 7th Cross, Chamarajpet,
Bangalore -18 Karnataka India
Cybernetix IT Soultion Cybernetix IT Solutions No.128,
Road No.12, Banjara Hills Hyd.
Ph : 040-54517666
website: cybernetixit.com
mail id : info@cybernetixit.com
Cygnet Software New #11, (old # 6),Valmiki Street,
T.Nagar,chennai-17., Chennai,
Tamilnadu,India, Pin-600017
Ph-42121617
Cynova Technologies No address
D2V Infosoft Pvt. Ltd. 1st Floor,R.K.Plaza,CMH Road,
Indiranagar,Bangalore-560038
Dallas Technologies 30/1.CMH Road,Indira Nagar,
Above Lord Krishna Bank,
Bangalore-560038
Datavision # 261, 10 th Cross , I st " N " Block ,
Rajajinagar,Bangalore – 560010
Deegit Technologies No address
Delta Core Infotech, # 38, 3rd Cross, HMT Layout,
mathikere,Bangalore-54
Tel: 65406873
email: info@deltacore.in
Dextrous Innovators 4th Cross,17th Main,Koramangala,
Bangalore-95
Dice Technologies 8-3-230/B/7, Road No: 11,
Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad
Digital Orb Technologies # 334, 1st floor, 22nd cross,
3rd block, jayanagar, B'lore- 11
Tel: 080 57677156
Digital Orb Technologies # 8, A.E.C.S layout, 3rd phase,
1st cross, Rajmahal Vilas,
2nd stage, B'lore- 94
Tel: 080 57677156
DV16 No address
e Matrix Enterprise Solutions Manadi Towers,Above ING Vysya Bank,
20/233,9th Main Road,3rd Block,
Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
e Matrix Software Solutions 261,10th Cross,1st "N" Block,
Rajajinagar,Bangalore-560010
e Softex Solutions #30,1st Floor,R.K.Layout,
Padmanabha Nagar,
Bangalore-560070
Earthware Technologies No. 17, MTK Buildings, Outer Ring Road,
Marthahalli, Bangalore - 560 037
Edze software solutions Edze software solutions,# B7 & 8,
Banjara gardens,Banjara hills,
Hyderabad Tel: 040 64539888
Website: www.edzesoft.com
emial: info@edzesoft.com
e-Fort No address
elbrus Global #853, 2nd Floor, 4th Cross,10th
Main, Indiranagar 2nd Stage,
Bangalore, Karnataka, India,
Pin-560038 (Ph-41486019)
Elite IT solutions # 6-3-899/2, Swathi plaza,
Behind Prathul honda workshop,
Raj bhavan road,Somajiguda,Hyd-82
Tel: 040 55533946
Fax: 040 55779948
Website: www.elitetechnologies.net
Elixire Software Solutions # 45, 2nd cross, Sivaganga layout,
Mahadevapura, Bangalore- 48
Tel: 080 30970879/81 website:
www.elixiress.com
email: careers@elixiress.com
Elixire Software Solutions 1-8-450/1/A/159 1st floor,Victoria college,Begumpet,Hyderabad-03
Elixire Software Solutions 226, 2nd cross, Mattappa layout,
Mahadev pura, B'lore-48
Tel: 080 30970879/81
website: www.elixiress.com
email: careers@elixiress.com
EmpowerMinds Plot # D-112, 4th floor,
Madhura Nagar,Hyd
Tel: 040 66637722/33
website: www.empowerminds.com
EmpowerMinds Plot # D-30, 3rd floor, Madhura Nagar,
Hyd Tel: 040 66637722/33
website: www.empowerminds.com
Emtel Software Pvt. Ltd. #465/D,17th G Main, 6th Block,
Kormangala, Bangalore -560095
ERP BUSSINESS SOLUTIONS PVT. LTD. #117/2A, 2nd cross, Marathahalli,
Bangalore-37
Website: www.erpbizz.com
Email: info@erpbizz.com
Tel: 080 64191322
Errand Technologies #27, 2nd Cross, Nrupathunga Layout,
80 Feet Road, R T Nagar,
Bangalore – 560 032
Tel: 080 23532353, 23333434
URL: errandtechnologies.com
Exxentrik Infosolutions # 1415, 2nd Floor, 18th Main HBR Layout,
Off Ring Road, Bangalore - 560043,
India Phone #: 080-51142371
Flash Infotech # 216, 2nd Floor, B Wing,
Mittal Tower, M.G.Road,
Bangalore-

#25/1, HMT Main Road,
Mathikere,
Bangalore- 560054
Focus Associates C-33,Sector53, Noida, UP-201301
Future access soft solutions Pvt ltd #303,Annapurna block,
aditya enclave,ameerpet,
hyderabad
Futuretech Consultancy Services 8/B, III Floor, 1 Cross,
24th 'A' Main, Near IOB,
Bangalore
GDM Softek #1/5,2nd Floor, Crescnt Plaza,
Dinnur Main Road, Kavalbyrasandra,
Opp. Pushpanjali Theatre, R.T. Nagar,
Bangalore-32

#2214,13th Main,
Chandra Nagar, Kumaraswamy Layout,
Bangalore.
Genex AG - 4, Metropalm Groove,
Somajiguda,
Hyderabad - 5000082
Global Automation 26, EVK Sampath Road,
Veperry,Chennai - 600007
Global I-Max Technologies #89/1,1st Floor,1st Main,
M.S.Ramaiah Main Road,
Bangalore-560054
Globals Infotech Software Development
Centre Royal Arcade No.348/1,
2nd Floor, Koramangala, 8th block
Bangalore – 560095
Glowsys technologies Pvt ltd 1626, 1st floor,east end main road,
9th block jayanagar Bangalore-69
Green space IT solutions #318,1st floor, 1st cross,
Manjunatha layout,munnekolala extn,
marathahalli, Bangalore-37
tel: 65714311, 32913824
fax: 32900703
url: gsitsolutions.com
I Tech Global Solutions #10, 2nd Floor, Orchid Centre,
17th B Main,5th 'A' Block, Koramangala,
Bangalore-560095
I Vector 2nd Floor,LEF Wing,27th Cross,
10th Main,Jayanagar,3rd Block,
Near ICICI Bank, Bangalore
i5 Technologies #1558,East End Main Road,
Jayanagar 9th Block,
Bangalore-560069
iCamberwell Solutions & Services Plot No. 29, 4th floor, Zeenath Residency,
Srinagar Colony, Hyd- 73
Tel: 040 23730901 Fax: 23730904
iGenix Technologies # 309, Maheshwari Chambers,
Somajiguda, Hyderabad
IGI No address
IMAX Technologies 3rd floor,Kuvempu Complex,
No.44, 2nd Cross, 2nd Main,
3rd stage, 3rd block,
Basaveswaranagar,
Bangalore, Pin:560079
Imbue Consulting Near Chowdeswari Temple,
HMT Layout, Mathikere,
Bangalore - 560054
Impact Technologies Plot No.17.
Navarajasthan Co-OP Hsg. Soc.,
Flat No.9 Nishigandha Apts,
Senapati Bapat Rd., Pune,
Maharashtra,India, Pin-411016
Ph-020 25667827
Indus Global Tech 1st Main, Banashankari,
3rd Stage, Bangalore-560085
iNest Solutions 8-3-318/11/17, Mega city,
J.P. Nagar,
Hyderabad-500073

5th Floor , Chalapathi Complex,
Srinagar Colony,
Hyderabad-500073
Inexo Technologies #116, 100Ft Road, BTM Layout,
Bangalore – 560029.
Phone: +91 80 65300427, 65305124
URL: inexotechnologies.com
Infinity solutions No address
Infobee Technologies 3rdFloor, Nanjamma Towers,
2 nd Cross, Marathahalli,
Bangalore-560037
Infolabs No address
Infowise solutions 8-2-684/11/13, 2nd block, Road No.12,
Banjara Hills Hyd - 34.
Ph : 040 55132580
website: infowisesolutions.com
INFYLOGICS TECHNOLOGIES Pgg12-4/206,Near software park,
Kharadi Pune-14
Website: www.infylogic.com
emial: info@infylogic.com
Tel: 020 32314666
INKLING SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS NO.17, 3rd CROSS
RAMANJANEYA LAYOUT
MARATAHALLI BANGALORE - 37
Ph: +91 80 23533353
Ph: +91 80 23533354
Innova Soft Solutions 3rd cross, KR layout, JP nagar,
6th phase B'lore-560078
Tel: 080 41679894
Inspirion Consulting #240, Chinna Thokatta,
New Bownepally,
Secunderabad-11

#988, Srinagar Colony,
Hyderabad-500073
InstaOne Software Technologies #32,2nd Floor, 2nd Cross,
Ashwath Nagar,Marathahalli,
Bangalore-37
Insyslogic Solutions 30/1, CMH Road, Indira Nagar,
Above lord Krishna Bank,
Bangalore-560038,

D-46,Arcot Road, Doshi Gardens,
Vadapalani, Chennai-600026
Intelligent soft systems # 6-3-931, Beside Police Quarters,
Somajiguda, Hyderabad
Intuple #14,Nirmal,1st A Cross,
Maruti Nagar, Bangalore-68
IPLUS SOLUTIONS PVT. LTD # 8-2-616/3/D/A, Road no. 10,
Banjara Hills Hyderabad-34
website: www.iplussolutions.com
Email: info@iplusolutions.com
Iris Consulting 201, 12th Main, Koramangala 4th Block,
Bangalore
I-Soft Solutions # 9, 3rd Floor,Manjunatha Krupa,
8th Block, Kormangala,
Bangalore-95
tel: 65323277

# 400, 18th Main, 6th Block, Kormangala,
Bangalore-95
Tel: 080 41306466
URL:www.i-softsolutions.com
Isoftek Technologies #31/E,2nd Floor,2nd Cross,
Ashwath Nagar,Marathahalli,
Bangalore - 37
itech Software solutions 347/10A, 19th cross, 7th main,
BTM 2nd phase, Bangalore,
karnataka,india,
Ph-080-57733101
Iteon Road 11/A,Jubiliee hills
Hyderabad-500033
India
Telephone:040 55777377,55777388
website: www.iteon.in
Ition Solutions #6-3-107/108, Raj Bhavan Road,
Somajiguda, Hyderabad
Iversion Plot No 109, Road No 1, Srinagar Colony
Hyderabad – 500073
Andhra Pradesh
Phone#: – 040 66135789
Website: www.iversiontechnologies.com
Jasper IT solutions Block # 5, Road # 12, Banjara Hills
Hyd
Tel: 040 54517444
website: www.jasper-it.com
Jayt technologies Flat No. 8/1A, S. Venkatesh Building,
18th Cross, 28th Main, 6th Phase
J.P. Nagar, Bangalore 78
JB Soft Systems No. 36, Pillair Kovil street,
Saidapet, Chennai - 15
Juniper Solutions 254, 1st cross, 2nd block 3rd phase ,
banashankari , Bangalore,
Karnataka,India,
Pin-560085
Ph-26676071
JVS Consultants/JVS Info Systems 501,5th Floor, Dwarakapuri Colony ,
Punjagutta, Hyderabad
Kbace Technologies No.14,Walton Road, No.14, Bangalore
KDS Infotech Pvt Ltd KDS Infotech Pvt Ltd. 36 Phase - 1,
Kanan Vihar, Bhubaneshwar
Keycer Software Solutions, # 737, Dr. Raj Kumar Road,
6th Block, Rajajinagar,
Bangalore
KEYMOUSE SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS Road 12,Banjarahills,
Hyderabad
Telephone: 040 55769777
Website: www.keymouze.com
Keyoon Solutions 6-3-841/K,1st Flr,Opp Padma Plaza,
Nr RBI Quarters,Market Street,
Ameerpet,Hyd-16
Kilmist Infotech #135,Doopanahalli,60ft. Road,
Domlur, HAL 2nd Stage,
Indira Nagar, Bangalor- 560071
Krypton Technologies Bhagmal Complex, Sector-15,
Noida-201301
tel: 120-4249986
url: kryptontechnologies.co.in
Ktree Solutions India (P) Ltd G-9, Amrutha Villa, RajBhavan Road,
Hyd - 82
Ph : 040-30601667, 40037686
Fax: 040-55468829
website: goktree.com
Kumaran Software, Anna Nagar, Madras Q90,4th Main Road, Anna nagar West,
Chennai-600040
Lara Technologies #5,2nd floor,80 ft road,5th block,
koramangala, Bangalore, Karnataka,
India, Pin-560095
Ph-080-41310124
Lavanya Technologies #186/25 ,10th 'B' Main Road, 1st Block,
Jayanagar, Banagalore, Karnataka,
India, Pin-560011
Ph-080-26565729
Lecil Flat No. 202, Vijetha Garden Empire,
Moosarambaug,Dilkhush Nagar,
Hyderabad - 36
Lemuria Technologies No.97, Harrington Road, Shenoy Nagar,
Chennai-30
Login IT Technologies # 246, 16th Main Road, Sector 3,
HSR Layout, Bangalore
Tel: 65417483
email: info@loginittechnologies.com
URL: loginittechnologies.com
M/s Ehastha Global Services 186, Poonamallee High Road, 4th floor,
Alsa towers, kilpauk
Chennai - 600 010
M/s Vidhatha #17, 19th cross, 7th main,n.s palya,
BTM 2nd stage,bangalore-560076
M/s. Bharathi Business Solutions New No.51 III Floor, Gandhi Nagar
1st Main Road Adayar
Chennai - 600020
M/s. Info Links Technologies Ltd 403, Manjeera Square Matro Complex,
Ameerpat Hyderabad
M/s. Magnus Infotech 2nd Floor, Raahat Plaza,
Opp Vijaya Hospital
172, Arcot Raod, Vadapalani,
Chennai - 600026
Marc4 Technologies #312,4th "A" Main Road,3rd Stage,
3rd Block, Basaveshwar Nagar,
Bangalore - 79
Marques Consulting #36, 8th main,chowdeswari layout,
maratha halli,bangalore-37
Mercury Infosoft #8,12th Cross, Sarakki Gardens,
SAS Street, J.P.Nagar,6th Phase,
Bangalore-78
Mindrome Technologies Private Limited 310,Konark Shram
behind Everest Building 156,
Tardeo, Mumbai
Miracle Software Systems MIG-49, Lawsons Bay Colony,
Vishakapatnam, Andrapradesh,
India, Pin-530017
Ph-0891 2531569
MSD Technologies #207, Nilgiri Block, Aditya Enclave,
Ameerpet, Hyderabad-38
Muesoft Technologies #37,Dr. Radha Krishnan Nagar,
Opp. Vaishnav College, P.H.Road,
Arumbakkam,Chennai - 600106
MYM Technologies Limited 3rd Flr,Delta Chambers,Near
Margdarshi,Hyderabad
NAAT Consulting Pvt Limited Plot No 219, Road no. 4,
Vivekanandanagar colony,
Kukatpally,Hyd- 72
Tel: 040 32965363
Fax: 040 23160487
Website: www.naatconsulting.com
NAAT Consulting Pvt Limited Plot No. 31,
Near central bank of India,
Kalyan nagar, Hyd- 38
Tel: 040 23801729
email: kris@naatconsulting.com
Website: www.naatconsulting.com
Nandi software solutions #15/3 1st floor, 11th cross,
Margosa Road, Malleswaram,
Bangalore 560003
Neptune Microsystems Old # 6, New # 20,
Sengunathar Street,
Shenoy Nagar, Chennai-30
tel: 65244546, 43532148
URL: neptunemicrosystems.com
Neural IT Solutions 11A,1st floor,mala sadan,
BTM layout, 100 feet road, b'lore-68
tel: 080 41201466
url: www.neuralitsolutions.com
Nex- G Exuberant Solutions Pvt. Ltd. A-6, First Floor, Sector 22,
Noida, UP-201301
Nivetho No address
NTEGRATA SOFTWARE SOLUTIONS D/#: 10-2-289/114-B, SHANTI NAGAR,
HYDERABAD- ANDHARA PRADESH.
OLE Technologies #7-50,108-109,1st Floor, Sahjan Complex,
Konark Theatre Road,
Madhurapuri Colony, Dilsukh Nagar,
Hyderabad- 60
One Call Solution Pvt. Ltd. # 02, KGN Building, Rajiv Gandhi Road,
New Vaibhav Nagar, Belgaum
Opal Soft India #11,1st Main Road, 4th Cross,
Banashankari 3rd Stage,
Bangalore-85

#152, 5th Cross,6th Block,
Near Kamakya Theatre,Banashankari
3rd Stage, Bangalore-85
Orator #9,100ft. Ring Road, BTM 1st Stage,
Opp. BTM Water Tank, Bangalore
Outset Technologies 109, G.P complex, Sri nagar Colony ,
Hyderabad-500073
Tel: 040 55467551/2
website: www.outsettechnologies.com
email: info@outsettechnologies.com
Oxicum Technologies Ocxium 3rd Floor, Sri Krishna Arcade,
27th Cross, 10th Main Road,
Jaynagar 3rd Block,
Bangalore – 560011
tel/fax: 41467784
URL: ocxium.com
Platinum Global Technologies Pvt. Ltd. # 301, SN-32, Thrimurthy Complex,
Wadgoansheri, Pune-411 014
Power Views Technologies Plot no. 8-3-22/C/36, Anithavilla,
Madhura nagar, Hyd- 38
Tel: 040 66136555/7555
Fax: 040 23745277
email: info@powerviewstech.com
Pragathi Computers; Bangalore. 1094,OTC Road, SPA Plaza,
Shop No. 48-51, Ground Floor,
Bangalore-560002
Pro-Act Technologies, #106/289-290, 3rd Cross,
31st Main, V P Road,
B T M Layout 2nd Stage,
Bangalore – 560076
Tel: 41201863, 64514642
mail id: info@pro-acttechnologies.com
URL: pro-acttechnologies.com
Prominent Soft Solutions # 542, Manjunath Building, Electronics
City, Phase II, Bangalore
Propus Infotech/Propus Software Solutions Chennai Chennai
Proximo Consultancy, Bangalore 69/1,20th main,14th cross,
J P nagar,Bangalore 78
Prudent Technologies #1626, 1st Floor,
Eastend Main Road, 9th Block,
Jayanagar, Bangalore – 560069.
Phone: +91 80 26641629
PSP Technologies S3,Second Floor,15/52-A,
South West Boag Road, T.Nagar,
Chennai-17
2/15,First East Street, Kamaraj Nagar,
Thiruvanmiyur, Chennai-41
Qbex # 302, R. R Enclave Srinagar Colony
Hyderbad
040-55458587, 55468597
www.qbextechnologies.com:
Quadruple Technologies Plot No. 146, 1st Floor,Phase-3,
Bawarchi, Kamalapuri Colony,
Banjara Hills, Hyderabad
qualibandtech pvt #8,1st Cross,24th Main 2nd Phase,
J.P.Nagar, Bangalore-78
Quicksoft Technologies 30/1,1st Floor,R.K.Plaza,
C.M.H. Road,Bangalore-38

R-16,1st Floor,12th Main Road,
Anna Nagar, Chennai - 40
Realsoft Technologies 1-1-591, Gandhinagar,
Hyderabad - 500020, AP

#7/32,47th Cross,1st Main,
8th Block, Jayanagar,
Bnagalore-560082
Renown Soft No.291,7th Main, Mico Layout,
BTM 2nd Stage, Bangalore - 5600676
Requital Solutions Pvt ltd First Floor, Srinivasam Residency,
Opp, BSNL Office, Yellareddyguda,
Hyd - 73.
Ph : 040 - 39181351,
Fax : 040 - 39181350
web site: requitalsolutions.com
Royal Vision Solutions # Flat No.306, Firdous Kaveri Court,
Above Canara Bank,Mettu Gudda,
Secunderabad-25
S.S.Technologies Road no. 11A etxn, Jubiliee hills
Hyderabad- 33
Tel: 040 55832862, 55774376
website: www.sstechnologies.org
Sai Medha Computers Opp.Chandana Brothers Lane,
Ameerpet,Hyderabad,A.P.- 500073
Samtron Softronics Pvt. Ltd No address
Samveda Technologies # 10, Lakshmi Nivas, 7th Main,
Sir MV Nagar, TC playa Road,
Ramamurthy Nagar tel: 55329133
url: www.samveda.com
Sanders Tech No address
Savant Infotech Pvt. Ltd. R.K. Estates, RTC X Road,
Hyderabad-20
tel: 66822323
fax: 66732324
email:info@savant.co.in
SBD Systems #136,7th Cross, 29th Main,
BTM 2nd Stage,Bangalore-76
Sematic Solution No address
Sermon Technologies A-48,Indian Airlines Colony,
Lane 03, Street No. 3, Begumpet,
Hyderabad - 500069
Sigma Soft #1, 2nd Floor, Canarabank Building,
Airport Road, Bangalore, Karnataka,
India, Pin-560037
Ph-08055377407
Silicon IT Solutions, # 42, 4th Cross,Kodihalli, Airport Road,
Bangalore tel: 25279603
URL: siliconitsolutions.com
Silpa Informatics 502, AMEER ESTATE, S R NAGAR,
HYDERABAD-38
Sinensis Technologies Madras Road,
Bangalore Tel: 55376556
URL: sinensistech.com

# 10, Lakshmi Nivas, 7th Main,
Sir MV Nagar, TC playa Road,
Ramamurthy Nagar
Skill Smith, #SF – 3, Sumukha Enclave, No. 1,
1st Main, Vivekananda Nagar,
Kattriguppe, Bangalore – 560 085
Smart Integrated Solution Pvt. Ltd. No.56,Purasaiwalkam High Road,
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India,
Pin - 600007
Smirk Technologies Plot No. 189, Pragathi Nagar,
Srinagar colony, Hyd-45
Tel: 040 23745556
Website: www.smirktechnologies.com
email: info@smirktechnologies.com
Smirk Technologies Suite # 101, 8-3-960, Siri enclave,
Srinagar Colony, Hyderabad- 73
tel: 040 23745556 Fax: 040 55547999
Website: www.smirktechnologies.com
email: info@smirktechnologies.com
SNS ( Super Network Solutions) L - 56 B , Basement, Malviya Nagar,
New Delhi - 110 017
Sofscript System Pvt.Ltd.; Andheri 44A,Navketan Industrial Estate,
Mahakali Caves Road, Andheri [E],
Mumbai - 400093
Softbrain Innovation #5,Arivu Complex,2nd Floor,
1st Main Road,
Udaya Nagar(Nr. Tin Factory),
KR Puram, Bangalore
Softedge Technologies # 68/3, 14th A cross, 20th Main,
JP nagar, 2nd Phase, Bangalore- 78
Tel: 080 41214044
website: www.softedgetechnologies.com
Softedge Technologies 25, 6th Cross, rajiv gandhi road,
Kanakapura main road,
Bangalore-78
Tel: 080 51214044
website: www.softedgetechnologies.com
Softel Integerated Plot No. 5, Software Units Layout,
Madhapur, Hyderabad-81
Softima Solutions 318, 2nd floor, PSA Qureshi plaza
Marathahalli main road, Marathahalli
Bangalore – 560037
Phone:+91 80 3241 1290
+91 80 3241 6101
www.softimasolutions.com
Softlink Solutions #465,mottapanapalaya,6th main,
indira nagar, bangalore, karnataka,
india, Pin-560038
Ph-080 41481771
Softpro MIG 15, 1st Main, 1st Stage,
KHB Colony, Basaveshwar Nagar,
Bangalore - 560079
Software Technology Solutions Software Technology Solutions,
located at, 30/1,1st floor,
Leemans Complex,Cunningham Road,
Bangalore -560052
Telephone: 65369255, 65369256
Sorix Solutions # 509, Annapurna Block, Aditya enclave,
Ameerpet,Hyd- 38
Tel: 040 55363775, 55259956, 55844509
email: info@sorix.net
website: www.sorix.net
Source Horizon, Jaipur F56, Mahesh Marg, off Saurabh Marg,
C Scheme, Jaipur
Sovereign #270 G/1, Road# 10, Jubilee Hills,
Hyderabad - 33,
Tel:66136605 / 66136621 Fx: 66469687 website:www.sovereignpeople.org
Sphinx Networks 12-5-149/19/2,2nd floor,
Opp.NIN Tarnaka, SECUNDERABAD,
ANDHRA PRADESH,INDIA,
Pin-500017
Ph-91-40-55216590,55222996
Spike Software Solutions Pvt. Ltd 8-430/1//29, Near Keerthi Apartments,
Yellareddy Guda, Hyderabad
SR Soft SOL Limited # 501, Nilagiri block, Aditya enclave,
Ameerpet, Hyd- 60
Tel: 040 23751145
Website: www.srsoftsol.com
email: hr_srsoft@srsoftsol.com
SR Soft SOL Limited 617, Annapurna block,Aditya enclave,
Ameerpet,Hyderabad- 16
Tel: 040 23751145
Website: www.srsoftsol.com
email: hr_srsoft@srsoftsol.com
STAREX TECHNOLOGIES # 8, LIBERTY PLAZA,
OPP. STANZA, HIMAYATNAGAR
HYDERABAD-500 029.
A.P.
TEL: 040 30283345/6/7/8/9
Step Online Pvt Ltd. No.299,1st Floor,B.T.S. 1st Main Road,
Chinnayanpalya,Wilson Garden,
Bangalore-30

19,MN Plaza,Second Cross,
Sampige Main Road, Malleshwaram,
Bangalore, Karnataka, India,
Pin-560003
Ph-08041281228
STG #32&32/1,Khaleel Plaza,
Opp Vijaya Main College,RV Road,
Basavanagudi, Bangalore
Successful Career Solutions # 138/3, 3rd Floor, Royal Plaza,
4th main Road, 6th Cross, 2nd Phase,
J.P. Nagar
Suffix Solutions Flat No. 206, Lotus Apartments,
Whitefield, Near KVBR Botanical park,
Kondapur, Hyderabad
Sun Moon Technologies Pvt Ltd. Plot No. 281, MLA’s Colony, Road No. 12,
Banjara Hills, Hyderabad
Sunsilica #B20,Journalist Colony,
Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad
Surya Software Solutions 603, Annapurna Block,Aditya Enclave,
Ameerpet, Hyderabad
Suyoga Technologies #12, Dharsons Building,
Bowring Hospital Road, Shivajinagar,
Bangalore -01
Synnoware Technologies #22, 24th Main,13th Cross, J.P. Nagar,
4th Phase, Bangalore-78 Ph-32413285
System Domain 3rd Block, Opp. ICICI Bank,
Jayanagar, Bangalore .
Team infosol # 5, Cornwell Road,
Langford Gardens,
Bangalore – 560 025
Tech New Bie #248,5th cross, 2nd main,
Ashwath nagar, bangalore
url: www.tnewbie.com
tel: 080 32414243
Tech Trend #2134,15th Main,HAL 3rd Stage,
Bangalore - 560038
Technomind Consultancy/ Systems 1- 21/4, 36 Main, 11th Cross, 1st Phase,
JP Nagar, Bangalore 78
Techzone Multimedia Pvt. Ltd. 1358,Ambika Towers,Wright Town,
Near Maharashtra High School,
Jabalpur(M.P.)-482002
The Phoenix India No. 98, Ground Floor, 21st Main,
BSK 2nd stage, Opp. Cofee day,
Blor e - 560070
Time Technologies.Net Pvt Ltd. Kodiyattu Chambers,Rajaji Road, Cochin - 35
Triton IT services Rajaram Colony, Kodambakkam, Chennai.
Unique Consultancy Services #1638 80ft Road, B.S.K. 1st Stage,
Bank Colony, Bangalore 50,
Tel:080 56683419 / 26606049
email:ucsindia@vsnl.net
Unit Force Technologies # 3/23, KHB Colony, 80 ft. Road,
Basaveshwarnagar, Bangalore - 560079
UTL #19/6,Ashokpuram school road,
Industrial Suburb,Yeshwanthpur,
Bangalore -560022
Value soft technologies Suite No. 206,maheshwari chambers,
somajiguda, hyderabad
Vantage Software Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Plot No. 37-B, Ground floor,
Journalist Colony-B, Jubilee Hills,
Hyderabad-33
tel:65963946
fax: 39181350
URL: vantagesoftwaresolutions.com
Vasp Technologies MVM Tower, 3rd Floor,MIG-347,
80 Feet Road, Anna Nagar,
Madurai-625020 or #320,
Teppam West, Main Bazar,
Virudhunagar-626001
Veenus Infotech Flat No.5, Plot No.371, Subhankar,
Sector 19,Koparkhairane, Mumbai - 400710
Verinon IT Solutions 403,Sapthagiri Towers, Begumpet,
1-10-98/35/2, Gayatri Nivas,
Dwarakadas Colony,Hyderabad-500016
Verna Info Solutions #8/A,1st Cross,24th Main,
J.P.Nagar,2nd Phase,Bangalore-78
Versile IT Services # 13, A Sector, Amruth Nagar,
Bellary Road, Bangalore
Version Technologies Omkar Apartments,Sr. No.98,
Plot No.11/12,Bhusari Colony,
Paud Road, Kothrud,Pune-411038
VersionIT Not found
Vesoft Technologies #11, 1st floor, 6th 'B' cross, whitefield road, marathahalli,bangalore
Vimukti Tech plot no. D-17, first floor,,
laxmipuram colony, A.S.Rao nagar,
ECIL(post),, Hyderabad,
Andhrapradesh,India,
Pin-530062
Ph-04040119914
Virinchi Technologies Plot No.10,SRK Colony,West Marredpally,Secunderabad-500026,
A.P.
Visionsoft Tech #47,2nd Floor,C.B.Complex,14th Main,Sanjaynagar,Bangalore-94
Wingwink Technologies #11,1st Floor, 80 Feet Road, RT Nagar,
Bangalore-32 tel : 23548585, 23435858
Wintech Software solutions J.B Mission, 5-9-83/3,
Opp.Fateh Maidan, Club Gate,
Hyderabad – 500001
Wrap Plot No. 273, Road 76, Jubilee hills,
Hyd- 33
Tel: 040 65790798, 65791789
Website: www.wraptechnologies.com
XPert HR Solutions H-3-214/2, Ground Floor,
Murthy Mansion,
Srinivasa Nagar Colony[West],
Hyderabad-500038
Z Axis IT solutions, 4th Floor, Prince centre, # 709-710,
Mount Road Chennai-02
Tel: 044 28584953,46516565
Website: www.zaxis.co.in
Zombie Software Solutions # 2455,2nd Floor,17th E Cross,
9th Main, Banashankari 2nd stage,
Bangalore - 560070
Zombie Software Solutions #6,1 ST CROSS,1 ST MAIN ,
GANGA NAGAR, BANGLORE,
KARNATAKA,INDIA, Pin-560032 (Ph-080-65999841)
          Surface Transportation News #166        

In this issue:

Indiana Sets the Pace on Toll-Financed Interstate Reconstruction

Back in May, Pat Jones, CEO of the International Bridge, Tunnel & Turnpike Association issued the following statement:

"Giving states flexibility to toll their Interstates for the purpose of reconstruction is consistent with two principles outlined in Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao's recent testimony before the Senate EPW Committee: long-term reform on how infrastructure projects are regulated, and broadening and expanding participation in infrastructure funding so that more projects can be undertaken overall."

Judging by its recent transportation legislation and subsequent actions, Indiana is leading the way toward this new model.

Compared with the very limited constraints of the current three-state federal toll-financed Interstate reconstruction pilot program, what Indiana has underway is far more sweeping:

  • It calls for a systematic phased plan to rebuild and widen all the state's Interstate highways;
  • It distinguishes between long-distance, mostly rural routes and urban freeways (specifically I-465 around Indianapolis), where a congestion-pricing approach is called for;
  • It believes it has found a legal way around the general federal ban on Interstate tolling, by erecting electronic toll-collection gantries adjacent to reconstructed or replaced bridges on each corridor; and,
  • It seriously contemplates the use of long-term P3 concessions as a procurement model for this ambitious plan.

The legislation enacted this spring (HEA 1002) calls for an initial feasibility study—under way by HDR, Inc.—on toll-financed Interstate reconstruction and modernization, to be delivered by Oct. 31, 2017. The study is to include planning-level traffic & revenue studies for I-64, I-69, I-74, I-94, and I-465. Indiana DOT has already done such studies for I-65 and I-70, and HDR will do a risk-assessment for those corridors. The study also includes a statewide tolling survey, a review of legal issues, and economic impact modeling. In parallel with the HDR study, INDOT will study issues related to using long-term DBFOM P3 concession agreements for the Interstate modernization projects.

The potential legal breakthrough is the idea of linking the electronic tolling to reconstruction or replacement of bridges on each Interstate corridor. A summary document from American Structurepoint, Inc. quotes the language as follows:

"Under 23 USC 129(a), an existing toll-free bridge or tunnel may be converted into a toll facility as part of a project to reconstruct or replace the existing facilities. This applies to bridges and tunnels that are located both on and off the Interstate System." FHWA last year approved a controversial Rhode Island program to charge (only) trucks for using a set of reconstructed bridges both on and off the Interstates, and that appears to have inspired the new Indiana approach.

I have only one concern about what Indiana is doing. The HEA 1002 legislation requires the feasibility study that is now under way to review "the ability to provide discounts, credits, or otherwise lessen the impact of tolling on local, commuter, and in-state operators," while also estimating "the number and impact of out-of-state operators expected to use Interstate highways in Indiana."  This is a predictable political ploy to use non-residents as cash cows to pay for Interstate reconstruction and modernization. This is questionable for at least two reasons.

First, it may well be illegal. Last year the American Trucking Associations won an important lawsuit against the New York State Thruway Authority. The U.S. District Court ruled that the long-standing practice of diverting Thruway toll revenues to the New York State Canal System is unconstitutional. Why? Because it unduly burdened interstate commerce in violation of the so-called Dormant Commerce Clause of the Constitution. The same logic could apply to (a) border tolls, and (b) different in-state and out-of-state toll rates.

Second, a provision such as this would be lawsuit bait for the trucking industry. Late last decade, a major four-state study of modernizing I-70 was carried out under a large federal Corridors of the Future grant. Participating in the study were the DOTs of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio and the state trucking association of each state. The preferred alternative the study recommended was to reconstruct the four-state corridor adding dedicated truck lanes along its entire length. Since the cost of this was far beyond what current transportation funding could provide, the consensus was that all lanes should be tolled and that a long-term P3 procurement approach would make sense. The four state trucking associations did not dissent from these recommendations. Setting up long-distance trucking companies to pay higher tolls than in-state firms would lead to large scale trucking industry lobbying against Indiana's otherwise commendable program.

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MaX Lanes: Transit and Managed Lanes Synergy

By Baruch Feigenbaum

In last month's article "Developing Transit Service for the 21st Century," I highlighted several steps transit agencies can take to improve their service with the end goal being a transition from service provider to mobility manager. This month, we'll examine a paper by Tory Gattis of the Center for Opportunity Urbanism titled MaX Lanes. It examines how this new kind of transit system would allow more people to live and interact in cities while keeping living costs affordable.

Gattis also recommends reforming land use regulations by removing excessive planning and zoning requirements. However, his focus is making mobility improvements to allow a greater number of jobs to be accessed within a given commute time such as 60 minutes. While some metro areas fare better than others on this metric, work by Adie Tomer and others at the Brookings Institution found that in most metro areas, very few jobs can be accessed by transit in 60 minutes or less.

Part of Gattis' solution is a network of bus-oriented managed lanes. Managed lanes move more vehicles through a corridor than general purpose lanes, thanks to variable pricing that prevents overcrowding the managed lanes. By also allowing uncongested trips for buses and registered vanpools, managed lanes could carry 50 percent more people per lane per hour than the general purpose lanes. In fact, two managed lanes could transport as many people as three general purpose lanes. For transit, managed lanes provide a "virtually-exclusive" busway that lets buses deliver reliable trip times. By increasing bus speed and removing congestion-related delay, managed lanes remedy two critical problems for buses operating in the same lanes as cars.

Gattis points out that the alternatives to this don't work. Adding free lanes to busy expressways in fast-growing metro areas does not reduce congestion longer term, while recent rail expansions in Atlanta, Dallas, Denver and Los Angeles have led to declines in transit ridership and increased congestion.

Gattis' proposed Managed eXpress Lanes or (MaX) Lanes' main customer would be buses. Cars that meet the occupancy requirement, pay the toll, and/or have special features such as vehicle automation could also use the lanes. Transit buses could use the MaX lanes to provide a one-seat ride to various job centers around the metro area. The buses would circulate through the job centers, avoiding the need for most transfers.

Similar to what I outlined last month, Gattis sees future transit service as much more than transit operators running bus or rail lines. Commuters could use affordable shared-ride services such as Uber and Lyft for first-mile or last-mile connections. Private and corporate buses would also be part of the network. Eventually, both the buses and these shared-ride services would be automated, leading to lower per-mile costs.

Gattis developed his proposal, in part, by studying metro Houston. Given that only 7% of Houston metro jobs are downtown, a rail solution that focuses on moving people from suburbs to downtowns is doomed to fail.  However, employing express buses on the nine MaX Lanes in the regional plan (which could be expanded to 14) could serve more than a million commuters. Autonomous platooning or larger buses could increase this number.

Gattis sees many advantages to the MaX Lanes. First they would provide faster speeds than traditional transit. They would also allow single seat point-to-point nonstop rides. Buses in MaX Lanes would have adjustable and flexible routes; they would provide more service and may lead to competition. Buses could provide more customized service; if a downtown has jobs focused in two clusters, one south and one north, one route could focus on the south side with a second on the north side instead of some random point in the middle. MaX lanes are easily adaptable for AVs. Tolling would provide revenue to help cover the costs. Customers could use Wi-Fi to be more productive on express buses than when driving.

Gattis' paper has many strengths. By linking express bus and managed lanes, his approach helps strengthen both. By suggesting bus service on all managed lanes Gattis envisages a region-wide system as opposed to a one-off solution for just one part of the metro area. The paper has an excellent appendix that details managed lane projects across the country and is well-sourced.

However, I have a few suggestions. I would like to see Gattis expand his work to arterial highways. The paper dismisses BRT as not particularly fast, but BRT operates on surface streets with a land-use connection. It is very different from express bus service that focuses on funneling people from multiple suburbs to various job centers. However, BRT service still operates at speeds faster than traditional bus lines. Such services should be expanded and linked with express bus service, since BRT is crucial to good metro-area connectivity.

I would also like the study to include some cost estimates. It is true that express bus services are much cheaper than rail, but how much? Even a back of the envelope estimate would help policymakers decide.

Overall, the study is an excellent contribution to the Managed Lane/Express Bus literature. Any officials considering improving transit service should take a detailed look at the MaX Lanes approach. (http://opportunityurbanism.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/MaX-Report-20170514-FINAL-lowres.pdf)

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Gas Tax vs. Mileage-Based User Fees: Social Welfare Implications

As I've noted in previous newsletters, although increases in fuel tax rates face much political opposition (especially at the federal level), public opinion surveys find that mileage-based user fees (MBUFs) are even less popular, at people's current level of understanding. So a new paper in the Journal of Public Economics offers a fresh look at these two alternatives, via a sophisticated economic analysis of their social welfare implications. "From Gallons to Miles: A Disaggregate Analysis of Automobile Travel and Externality Taxes" is the work of Ashley Langer, Vikram Maheshri, and Clifford Winston.

Their study used a large dataset on Ohio drivers, made available by State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Co. This enabled the researchers to make quantitative estimates of various parameters such as the range of drivers' monthly VMT, fuel use and fuel taxes paid, age of vehicle, etc. Their base case compared the welfare effects of a federal gas tax and a federal MBUF (which they termed a "VMT tax") in achieving two objectives: to reduce fuel consumption by 1% per year and to raise $55 billion/year for highways. To achieve the first would require a federal gas tax of 31.2 cents/gal. or a VMT tax of 1.54 cents/mi. To achieve the $55 billion per year in revenue, would take a 40.8 cents/gal. fuel tax or a 1.99 cents/mi. VMT tax. To their surprise, the welfare effects for both funding tools were very similar.

Next, the researchers made two changes in their assumptions. First, they took into account the current CAFE standards that call for a new-car average of 54.5 mpg by model year 2025. Second, because vehicle externalities are much larger in urban areas, they assumed different VMT tax levels for urban and rural drivers (which cannot readily be done with fuel taxes). These changes produced strikingly different welfare effects. The largest change resulted from the differential in per-mile rates between urban and rural drivers: 2.4 cent/mile urban and 0.575 cents/mile rural. The overall results from the new assumptions was a 20% improvement in social welfare for the per-mile charge compared with the gas tax. That was due mainly to the reduced externality costs (congestion and emissions) because of the higher per-mile charge in the urban areas where most of those externalities are generated.

The authors express some optimism that these results will increase the relative attractiveness of MBUFs over fuel-tax increases. I hope they are correct, because this is a transition we need to make.

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Many Autonomous Vehicle Assumptions Need to be Questioned

As a transportation professional, I'm a bit overwhelmed by proliferating articles and technical papers dealing with autonomous vehicles. And I'm increasingly distressed by the growing disparity between what appears in the popular media and what's in the technical literature, because the former is what seems to motivate legislators and planners. So here are five challenges to the mass-media version of our AV future.

AVs will save millions of lives. Certainly, we all hope this will prove to be the case. But it's not as simple as many people seem to think. As Washington Post reporters Michael Laris and Ashley Halsey III explained in a long feature article (Oct. 18, 2016), how will we know how much safer AVs are? Only about half of all crashes are reported to police (as opposed to insurance companies), and some people avoid doing the latter to avoid a possible premium increase. The former head of the National Transportation Safety Board, Mark Rosekind, said that widespread use of AVs should not proceed until they were demonstrated be "much safer" than conventional vehicles, but without comprehensive data on actual accident rates, it's difficult to make such a comparison. Also, researcher Tom Dingus of the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute points out that alert, attentive, sober drivers are very low risk. It's drunk drivers plus very young and very old drivers that drive up the averages. In addition, the most promising form of vehicle automation relies on machine learning—but even the experts in that field have no idea what or how the machine actually learns. Matthieu Roy of the National Center for Scientific Research in France says that, "You would never put [a machine learning] algorithm into an airplane because you cannot prove [to regulators] the system is correct."

AVs Will All Be Connected Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs). A January 3, 2017, Wall Street Journal news article called "Wiring Streets for Driverless Cars" presented this conventional wisdom, which is being promoted by the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration with its Vehicle to Infrastructure (V2I) efforts. Reporter Paul Page touted new digital signs on a freeway near Washington, DC "as a first step toward what highway planners say is a future in which self-driving cars will travel on technology-aided roads lined with fiber optics, cameras, and connected signaling devices." But unlike lower-brow media, Page went on to note that many billions of dollars would be needed to wire more than 4 million miles of paved roads and 250,000 intersections. If AVs depend on that kind of infrastructure investment, don't bet on an AV future. Fortunately, most AV researchers don't think anything like that is necessary. AVs, especially those with full (Level 5) autonomy, will need to be self-sufficient even in alleys, on gravel roads, and on countryside dirt roads.

Full, Level 5 Autonomy Will Be Here within a Decade. In addition to academic researchers such as UC Berkeley's Steven Shladover who projects Level 5 (all types of roadway, all weather conditions, no driver needed ever) as a 2075 phenomenon, a number of technology-literate commentators have begun throwing out caution flags. For example, telematics blogger Michael L. Sena headlined a recent issue of his The Dispatcher: "SAE Level 5 Driverless Cars Are Not Just Around the Corner." He took issue with recent reports claiming that Transport as a Service (requiring Level 5) will be ubiquitous by 2030 nationwide. He also cited a thoughtful analysis by The Economist, headlined "Forget hype about autonomous vehicles being around the corner—real driverless cars will take a good deal longer to arrive." Wired's Aarian Marshall had a piece in February explaining "Why Self-Driving Cars *Can't Even* with Construction Zones," discussing very real problems with machine learning. He also noted an announcement by Nissan that its current plans don't include Level 5; instead, they assume a human occupant who can take over control when the AI cannot cope, and the human can contact a Nissan call center for help.

Fleets Are the Future, Not Owned AVs. A recent "analysis" by Governing magazine, summarized in the August issue, sounds the alarm that cities' budgets are seriously at risk from the impacts of the transition to AVs. For the largest 25 cities, the magazine's team collected data on parking revenues, fines and citations, traffic camera fines, gas taxes, vehicle licensing fees, etc. Many of these cities each year generate several hundred dollars per capita from these vehicular revenues, much of which could disappear in the AV future, warns the article. Except—much of the impact stems from the assumption that shared fleets of robo-taxis replace individually owned cars, thereby eliminating most urban parking requirements (and hence parking revenue). Another built-in assumption is that most or all AVs will be electric, which is hardly a given. Robotaxis and individually owned AVs that can go elsewhere after dropping the owner off require Level 5 automation, which is hardly a near-term phenomenon. So city officials should not begin losing sleep over plummeting parking revenues.

AVs Will Reduce Congestion. As I've pointed out in previous issues, the majority view among AV researchers is that the transition to AVs will increase vehicle miles of travel (VMT), for a variety of reasons including bringing personal vehicle autonomy to millions who are unable to drive today, as well as reducing the time cost of commuting. But a related idea remains—that due to reduced distance between AVs on roadways, existing roads will be able to handle greater volume with less congestion. But even popular media are starting to consult experts who disagree. Business Insider recently interviewed Lew Fulton, co-director of UC Davis' Institute of Transportation Studies. He expressed particular concern about zero-occupant (Level 5) vehicles being a new source of increased congestion. Such vehicles, programmed to run errands, deliver packages, etc. will lead to far more cars on the road. Fulton calls them "zombie cars."

Before leaving these points, I want to recommend a more thoughtful article. Despite its misleading title, "The Road Ahead for Connected Vehicles" (when the article actually discusses AVs, not CAVs), is a sober discussion by industry experts—established auto industry people, high-tech AV pioneers, and consultants. It's a product of Wharton's Program on Vehicle and Mobility Innovation, which has absorbed the former MIT International Motor Vehicle Program. If you have time to read just one article to get a more balanced view of this challenging area, this one is hard to beat. (http://knowledge.wharton.upenn.edu/article/road-ahead-connected-vehicles)

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Using Technology to Reduce Bicycle/Pedestrian Accidents

Data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration show that while traffic fatalities to occupants of motor vehicles are still in a long-term downtrend (despite increases the last two years), pedestrian and bicycle fatalities due to collisions with motor vehicles have remained relatively constant. This is of obvious concern to bicycle riders, pedestrians, and their advocates. In particular, some such groups have argued that the solution is to redesign roadways as "complete streets" with fewer traffic lanes, lower speed limits, protected bike lanes, wider sidewalks, etc.

That approach treats cars and roadways as the cause of bike and pedestrian fatalities, ignoring actual data about who is at fault in particular cases, and where such accidents do and don't occur (hint: they are not evenly distributed over all miles of roadway). A few of the statistics in a fascinating 2014 report on technology approaches to this problem included the following:

  • Alcohol impairment was a factor in nearly 50% of crashes that led to a pedestrian fatality, with pedestrian inebriation nearly three times more prevalent than driver inebriation.
  • Almost 70% of pedestrian fatalities occurred away from an intersection.
  • In a study of pedestrian crashes in Baltimore and Washington, pedestrians were determined to be at fault in 50% compared with driver fault in 35%.
  • National data show that nearly 80% of fatally injured pedestrians performed at least one inappropriate action, such as darting out, failing to yield right of way, etc.; that was true of only 36% of bike fatalities.

These data all come from a report for FHWA, "Vehicle to Pedestrian (V2P) Technology Scan, Needs Assessment, and Research Implementation Plan," carried out by Leidos. The body of the report reviews various technologies intended to alert either drivers or bicyclists and pedestrians of an impending collision—and in the case of drivers, to activate measures to prevent the crash. The technologies are grouped into three categories:

  1. Bilateral detection and notification systems;
  2. Unilateral pedestrian and driver notification systems; and,
  3. Unilateral vehicle detection and pedestrian notification systems.

The bilateral systems are premised on universal availability of the flawed DSRC technology that NHTSA wants included in all new motor vehicles, or on cell-phone or wi-fi networks. As of 2014, when this report was written, none of the potential systems had been deployed, and all had disadvantages and unresolved questions.

Unilateral detection and driver notification seems more promising, with systems that combine camera and radar appearing to be the most feasible. The report notes that eight such systems had been implemented (as of 2014) as optional vehicle add-ons, and that growing numbers of vehicles are being equipped with forward vehicle collision warning systems and were likely to soon have automatic emergency braking.

Far more problematic were systems aimed at equipping pedestrians and bicyclists with systems that look behind them and warn of an approaching vehicle. A few such systems were on the market in 2014, but certainly most pedestrians were unaware of them and unlikely to spend money on them.

As I was researching this article, I came across an Autoweek article from May 12, 2017 discussing a system available since 2013 on Volvo automobiles. The system uses both radar and a camera—the former to detect the object and the high-resolution camera to determine its type. Moreover, if a collision risk is imminent, the control system sends an audible warning and automatically applies the brakes.

This is a good illustration of how technology is moving forward, addressing this problem in a far better-targeted way than converting all our roadways into "complete streets."

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Upcoming Transportation Conferences

Note: We don't have the time or space to list all transportation events that might be of interest to readers of this newsletter. Listed here are events at which a Reason Foundation transportation researcher is speaking or moderating.

8th Annual Joint WTS-YPT-TRF Event, Shifting Gears: New Pathways to Autonomous Mobility, Reason Foundation, August 9, 2017, Washington, DC (Baruch Feigenbaum speaking). Details at: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/shifting-gears-new-pathways-to-autonomous-mobility-ypt-wts-trf-event-tickets-36077194861

Mississippi Growth Forum, Embassy Suites Ridgeland, August 26, 2017, Ridgeland, MS (Baruch Feigenbaum speaking). Details at: https://www.facebook.com/afpms

9th Annual Conference, Association for Management & Operations of Transportation Infrastructure, Westin Savannah Harbor, Sept. 18-20, 2017, Savannah, GA (Len Gilroy speaking). Details at: http://www.amotia.org/9th-annual-conference

2017 Road User Charge Forum, The Grand Hotel, Sept. 18-20, Salem, OR (Adrian Moore speaking). Details at: https://www.rucforum2017.org

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News Notes

New I-73 Will Be a Toll Road. A new 80-mile Interstate 73 will be built from the North Carolina border to the Grand Strand coastal area of South Carolina, now that SC DOT has received the required construction permit from the Army Corps of Engineers. Since federal funding like the 90/10 funding that built the original Interstates is not available, the new four-lane highway will be funded by a combination of toll revenue bonds, state highway money, and possibly some modest federal funding. Legislators are also considering a public-private partnership procurement model.

Tolled Flyovers Going Forward in Austin. The Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority has reached an agreement with Texas DOT on the flyover connectors to be built where CTRMA's US 290 East toll road intersects TxDOT's SH 130. The two flyovers from SH 130 to U.S. 290 will be tolled at 55 cents, but the one from 290 to SH 130 will be paid for by TxDOT and not tolled. Tolled flyovers and overpasses are being pioneered in Texas and have been proposed in other states for arterial overpasses and underpasses.

Express Toll Lanes Network Expanding in Greater Los Angeles. New links in what will eventually be a four-county regional express lanes network are being approved and funded in Orange and San Bernardino Counties. The $1.9 billion OCTA project to add express toll lanes to 16 miles of I-405 in Orange County received its $629 million TIFIA loan in late July. Earlier that month, the San Bernardino County Transportation Authority voted to proceed with the first such lanes in that county, extending 33 miles along congested I-10, at an estimated cost of $1.8 billion. SBCTA is also considering a project to add 33 miles of express toll lanes to I-15, which would link up with a similar project under way on I-15 in Riverside County to the south.

Car Sharing Losing Out to Ride Hailing. Car-sharing companies that were all the rage last decade are having difficulty in the age of Uber and Lyft, according to a July 15th Wall Street Journal story. Hertz shut down its 24/7 sharing service in 2015, and Daimler's Car2Go shut down operations in Miami, Minneapolis, and San Diego within the past year, but continues operating in some other cities. Enterprise Rent-A-Car closed down its car-sharing operations in six major cities "in recent weeks." The only one that is not scaling back, as of now, is Avis-owned Zipcar.

VMT Growth Continues, but It's Mostly Urban. Data from the Federal Highway Administration show continued increases in total vehicle miles of travel (VMT) and in VMT per capita. But breakdowns into urban and rural VMT show different trends, with urban VMT climbing sharply and rural VMT gradually declining. Most of the urban VMT growth is in suburbs and exurbs, and that offers a clue to the urban/rural disparity. As metro areas expand outward, some roadways formerly classed as rural get re-categorized as urban, so the VMT on them is now urban instead of rural. But other demographic factors may also be at work, such as migration from rural to urban areas.

On-Demand Shuttle Bus Service Launched in New York City. Chariot, an on-demand shuttle bus service already operational in Austin, San Francisco, and Seattle, has announced its entry into New York City, to initially focus on serving Manhattan and Brooklyn. Chariot's app-based concept develops routes based on customer demand, rather than having a fixed plan. Ford Motor Company bought the start-up company in 2016, which likely gives it deeper pockets than Bridj, which went bankrupt earlier this year.

Virginia Express Toll Lanes to Host AV Testing. A three-way, three-year agreement was signed last month among FHWA, Virginia DOT, and Transurban, the developer/operator of the express toll lanes on I-95 and I-495 in northern Virginia (the DC metro area). Testing will include speed harmonization, cooperative adaptive cruise control, and other advanced features. Initial tests will take place when the express lanes are closed to regular traffic, and later testing will take place during non-peak periods.

Ukraine Considering Toll Road Concessions. Last month legislators in Ukraine introduced bills that would allow two-lane highways to be upgraded to toll motorways under long-term P3 concession agreements. This is similar to how such motorways are being developed in much of Latin America. Under the proposed legislation, the government would set maximum inflation-adjusted toll rates.

New Tappan Zee First Span to Open in August. The first of two new spans that will replace the aging and undersized Tappan Zee Bridge is scheduled to open to traffic on August 25th. Initially, it will carry only westbound traffic, but after a temporary center barrier is added, it will also take eastbound traffic on a temporary basis, until the second span is opened in 2018. The new spans will be tolled, but the $3.98 billion design-build project is being paid for by a combination of state highway money and toll revenues from the entire New York State Thruway system.

Germany to Toll Autobahns. Germany's upper house, the Bundesrat, finally passed legislation authorizing all vehicles using the country's autobahns (motorways) to pay tolls. The bill had been debated for about four years, and had already passed the lower house (the Bundestag). It has been criticized by neighboring governments as unfair, on the grounds that to avoid paying twice, German taxpayers will get a reduction in their current vehicle tax. German toll advocates point out the most other European countries charge tolls on their motorways, which Germans pay when they drive there, so it is unfair that foreigners drive German autobahns without paying anything.

I-395 Express Lanes Project Financed. Adding the next link to the emerging express toll lanes network in the northern Virginia suburbs of Washington, DC, concession company Transurban reached financial close on the $475 million project to extend the express lanes on I-95 northward to the DC line on I-395. Financing consists of $233 million in tax-exempt Private Activity Bonds, a $45 million bank loan, and the balance (42%) in equity from the company. As with the I-95 lanes, this project will convert the existing HOV lanes and add an additional lane, to create three priced, reversible express lanes.

Motorists Would Pay $1 Toll for Improved Brent Spence Bridge . The aging Brent Spence Bridge between Cincinnati and northern Kentucky needs to be replaced and the lanes on I-75 on both sides of the Ohio River need to be upgraded. The project cost is estimated at $2.6 billion. Kentucky has enacted P3 legislation, but due to local opposition to tolling, no financing plan has been developed. But a new survey by the Cincinnati USA Regional Chamber shows that a large majority (61%) would gladly pay a $1 toll for an improved bridge, compared with 33% who said they wouldn't. Whether that will be enough to sway Kentucky legislators remains to be seen.

U.K. Rail Concession Sells for $3.9 Billion. The 68-mile high-speed rail line from London to the Channel Tunnel (HS1) was acquired in 2010 by Canadian pension funds Borealis and Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan, under a 30-year concession. They paid $2.8 billion. Because traffic on the route is growing, and interest in the facility was high, the two pension funds decided to auction off the remaining 23 years of the concession. The winner, paying $3.9 billion was a consortium of HICL (35%), Equitix (35%), and the National Pension Service of South Korea (30%). This concession is concerned only with the operation and maintenance of HS 1, not its construction cost.

Bicycle Tax Enacted in Oregon. Last month the Oregon legislature enacted a $15 tax on the sale of bicycles costing $200 or more. The proceeds from the tax are to be used for bicycle and pedestrian projects. While some bike advocates were outraged, bicycle fan Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D, OR) said the tax is a sign that biking has grown up and gained acceptance. Observing these events, Colorado state Sen. Ray Scott, assistant majority leader, announced that he would introduce a similar bill for his state.

Toll Agency to Manage Houston Metro's HOT Lanes Tolling. The Harris County Toll Road Authority (HCTRA) has reached agreement with transit agency Houston Metro to handle all tolling and billing on Metro's set of HOT lanes—on I-45, I-69, U.S. 59, and U.S. 290. HCTRA was already managing tolling on the Katy (I-10) HOT lanes, as well as the Houston area's toll roads: Hardy, Sam Houston, Tomball, and Westpark. Since there are economies of scale in tolling back-office operations, the move is likely to reduce toll collection costs.

Report Misunderstands Asset Recycling Concept. A conservative think tank, the American Action Forum, released a report that claimed "asset recycling" would be insufficient to pay for the Trump Administration's $1 trillion infrastructure plan. It added up only $267 billion of federally owned non-defense fixed assets. That misses the point of asset recycling, as practiced in Australia and Canada. In those countries, just like in the USA, state and local government own most of the infrastructure. The concept is for the federal government to provide financial incentives to state and local governments to sell or lease revenue-producing assets to infrastructure investors and use the proceeds for new infrastructure that does not have a bondable revenue stream.

California High Speed Rail Faces New Environmental Reviews. In a case involving a different rail project, the California Supreme Court has ruled that rail projects within the state are not exempt from review under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA). Previously, the state government had maintained that a federal law terminating the now-defunct Interstate Commerce Commission somehow made in-state rail projects exempt from state environmental reviews. The Court said that "We presume Congress does not intend to disrupt state self-governance without clear language to that effect." A CEQA review could add up to four years and significant costs to the beleaguered California HSR project.

El Paso Express Lanes to Be De-Tolled. The first (and so far the only) express toll lanes project judged a failure is on the Cesar Chavez Border Highway in El Paso. Open since 2014, its traffic has been light and its toll revenues have never covered its costs. So in response to local requests, the Texas Transportation Commission last month voted to remove the tolls from these lanes.

The Need for Serious Benefit-Cost Analysis for Infrastructure. A detailed and thorough economic assessment of what is known about the benefits of infrastructure investments was released by the Cato Institute in June. In "Would More Government Infrastructure Spending Boost the Economy?" Ryan Bourne ends up concluding: it depends. Most conventional estimates of economic benefits come up short; the real case is for projects whose benefits—in making the economy more productive— clearly exceed the project's costs.

National Horse Trail Safety Administration (NHTSA). In an entertaining parody, autonomous vehicle pioneer thinker Brad Templeton imagines 1900 federal regulation of horseless carriages; it's thought-provoking as well as entertaining. Go to: http://ideas.4brad.com/uncovered-nhtsa-levels-1900-satire.

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Quotes

"The problem is at the federal level. The states are stuck with infrastructure that they need to repair. . . . The feds have not increased their funding, so the Trust Fund is broke. They have to decide whether to put general funds in. And meanwhile the government says you can't toll Interstates. . . . It's like I gave you $50 billion of Interstate to use 50 years ago. Now it's falling apart, and I'm not going to give you any more money than I've been giving you since 1997. . . . The biggest elephant in the room is the Interstate system. Either we do justice or let's give the states the ability to step in—they can decide to let the states toll every Interstate."
—Ananth Prasad, former Florida Secretary of Transportation, "Smart Roads, Instant Tolls: Q&A with a Highway Man," www.philly.com, July 15, 2017

"Part of the beauty and elegance of today's dominant forms of mobility are their ability to deliver personal freedom of mobility with little connectivity or coordination. Today's transit alternatives, which are founded on coordination (and a wish for connectivity), suffer horribly because customers are forced to accept what the 'coordinated centralized authority' has deemed to provide as a level of service. The bus comes every hour and stops only at these places along this route—take it or leave it! To enslave automated driving technology with connectivity and centralized coordination may well mean that the traveling public will forego the safety and convenience benefits and stick to driving themselves. Public policy should focus on letting the automation and connectivity serve the individual vehicle and stop worrying about coordinating and orchestrating everybody according to the wishes of some centralized power."
—Alain Kornhauser, Princeton University, Smart Driving Cars, July 10, 2017

"There is an enormous amount of technological determinism in the air. We can do autonomy, so we will do autonomy. History is littered with things that are technologically inevitable that never happened. [So auto companies should] focus on the problem first, before you focus on the solution."
—James Womack, co-founder, MIT IMVP Program, in "The Road Ahead for Connected Vehicles," Knowledge at Wharton, July 28, 2017

"Critics assert that public-private partnerships enrich investors at taxpayers' expense, are more expensive and less accountable, and do little to help rural areas. But this ignores strong evidence to the contrary in states like Pennsylvania, New York, Florida, Colorado, North Dakota, and California . . . . Criticism of these projects has been directed at a few that have gone bankrupt, as evidence that they hurt taxpayers. One such project, the South Bay Expressway in San Diego earned lower-than-projected revenue because of the Great Recession and the Southern California housing market collapse. But no state funds were used for the project, and taxpayers were largely protected in the bankruptcy. The regional authority purchased the rest of the project for significantly less than the private partner's construction cost."
—Mary E. Peters and Samara Barend, "The Benefits of Private Financing for Public Works," The New York Times, July 17, 2017

"Recent R&D has proven false the myth that road user charging (RUC) requires the installation of 'tracking' devices in vehicles. California's recently completed pilot project tested three methods of RUC that require no new technology at all. Washington will test odometer-based reporting in 2018. Hawaii's forthcoming pilot project will test using mileage data already collected during annual vehicle inspections to calculate the RUC. Low and no-tech systems rely on familiar processes already in place, thereby lowering the cost of collection, simplifying compliance, preserving equity, and improving financial sustainability over gas taxes and vehicle registration fees."
—Jeff Doyle, D'Artagnan Consulting, Letter to the Editor, Public Works Financing, May 2017

"A key question is how much car sharing will occur, which reduces prices and increases efficiency by picking up and dropping off people along routes. It can be a bit awkward sharing a vehicle with strangers. I would not be surprised to see someone like Uber custom design a vehicle with individual personal compartments. Imaging 5-6 private individual seating compartments in a 6-door SUV-sized vehicle. When it pulls up, an indicator tells you which door to get in, via your smart phone. Private ride, shared prices and efficiency—the best of both worlds."
—Tory Gattis, "Preparing for the Impact of Driverless Cars," HoustonStrategies blog, August 18, 2015

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          SMITE'ta Yenilikler: Büyükayı | 4.14 Yama Notları        
Yeni Tanrıça: Artio
Ayı Tanrıça
[Resim: A-PC-16dba307fabbd2b5f5d9ef19bd0f8f7d.jpg]
Duvar Kağıtları: 1920 x 1080 | 2056 x 1440 | 3840 x 2160 | 1080 x 1920

[Resim: Decompose.jpg]Pasif: Parçala Düşman Tanrılar, Artio’nun Druid ya da Ayı Yetenekleri ile vurulduğunda parçalanmaya başlarlar. Bu etki onların Fiziksel ve Sihirli Korumalarını azaltır. Bu etki 8 defaya kadar yığınlanır.
  • Fiziksel ve Sihirli Koruma Azalması: %3

  • Süre: 4 sn
[Resim: Energy-Surge.jpg]Enerji Dalgası (Druid)
Artio güçlü bir enerji dalgası yayarak düşmanlara hasar verir (70/100/130/160/190 +Sihirli Gücünü %35’i). Bu Yetenek ile vurulan her tanrı için kendini ve 55 birim dahilindeki dost tanrıları iyileştirir (60/80/100/120/140 + Sihirli Gücünün %25’i).
  • Bedeli: 50/55/60/65/70

  • Bekleme Süresi: 10 sn
[Resim: Maul-Prey.jpg]Hırpalama (Ayı)
Artio pençelerini iki kez savurur ve her savurmada düşmanlara hasar verir (50/80/110/140/170 + Sihirli Gücünün %35’i).
[Resim: Entangling-Vines.jpg]Sarmaşık Ağı (Druid)
Artio etrafında bir sarmaşık ağı yaratarak Düşmanları sakat bırakır ve alanda kaldıkları sürece Sihirli veya Fiziksel Güçlerini düşürür.
  • Druid Alan Süresi: 6/6,5/7/7,5/8 sn

  • Druid Güç Güçsüzleştirme: %5/10/15/20/25

  • Bedeli: 50/55/60/65/70

  • Bekleme Süresi: 14 sn
[Resim: Fercious-Roar.jpg]Vahşi Gürleme (Ayı)
Artio azgın bir şekilde gürleyerek yakındaki düşmanları Sersemletir, kendi Fiziksel ve Sihirli Korumalarını 4 saniyeliğine artırır.
  • Ayı Sersemletme Süresi: 1/1,1/1,2/1,3/1,4

  • Ayı Koruma Güçlendirmesi: 10/20/30/40/50 Koruma
[Resim: Life-Tap.jpg]Can Musluğu (Druid)
Artio 2 saniyeliğine kanalize olarak düşmanlardan can çeker. Kanalize olduğunda 5 defaya kadar Hasar verir (15/25/35/45/55 + Sihirli Gücünün %10’u) ve kendini 5 defaya kadar İyileştirir (15/20/25/30/35 + Sihirli Gücünün %10’u). Her vuruşta düşmanlar kademeli olarak Yavaşlar ve 5 defa vurulan düşmanlar 1 saniyeliğine Yere Çakılır.
  • Bedeli: 50/55/60/65/70

  • Bekleme Süresi: 15 sn
[Resim: Heavy-Charge.jpg]Ağır Taarruz (Ayı)
Artio 3 saniyeliğine artan Hareket Hızı ile ileri doğru saldırır. Saldırdığı düşmanlar Hasar alır (70/120/170/220/270 +Sihirli Gücünün %50’si) ve 2 saniyeliğine Yavaşlar.
  • Ayı Yavaşlatması: %10/15/20/25/30
[Resim: Shapeshift-Druid.jpg]Şekil Değiştirme (Druid)
Aktif: Artio Druid ve Ayı şekilleri arasında değişiklik yapabilir.
           Pasif: Artio, Yetenekleri ile bir düşmana her vuruşunda yığın başına Hareket Hızını ve MP5’ini 5 birim artırarak canlılık kazanır. 8 defaya kadar yığın birikir ve yığınlar 4 saniye sürer.
  • Yığın Başına Hareket Hızı: 1/1/2/2/3

  • Yığın Başına MP5: 2/4/6/8/10

  • Bedeli: Yok

  • Bekleme Süresi: 1 sn

[Resim: ACC-PC-16dba307fabbd2b5f5d9ef19bd0f8f7d.jpg]
Anne Ayı Artio
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Yeni Ä°fadeler

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Olympus Projesi

 

Sonbahar Bölümü Rütbeli Güncellemeleri

“[i]Olympus Projesi’nin ikinci tur değişiklikleri burada! Rütbeli, oyunumuzun önemli bir bölümüdür ve oyuncuların birbirleri ile rekabetçi bir şekilde oynamalarını sağlar. Mevcut olan bazı sistemler üzerine yoğunlaşma ve Eşleştirme işlemi ile ilgili oyunculara daha detaylı bilgi vermek için biraz zaman harcadık.“[/i] Yeni Seçin ve Yasaklama Safhası: Taslak “İlk büyük değişiklik ‘Taslak Safhası’ adlı yeni Seçim ve Yasaklama safhası olacak. Bu safha özellikle Konsolda iletişimin zor olduğu durumlarda, oyuncuların iletişimini iyileştirmeye yardımcı olacak.” 
  • Rütbeliye, Taslak adı verilen yeni bir safha ekleniyor. Bu 30 saniyelik kısa sürede oyuncular oynamak istedikleri ve yasaklamak istedikleri Tanrıları işaretleyebilecekler. Eğer birden fazla oyuncu aynı tanrıyı yasaklamak isterlerse, o tanrının yanında kaç kişinin yasaklamak istediğini belirten bir sayı belirecek. Hedef, lobideki süre boyunca takımların iletişimini artırmak ve konsol oyuncularına planları konusunda iletişim kurmaları için ek faydalar sağlamaktır.

  • 30 saniye, bu yeni Taslak Safhasına yer açmak için toplam Toplanma Süresinden kaldırılmıştır.
Yeni Eşleştirme Bölümü “[i]SMITE’ın Rütbeli oyunlarında, rütben Eşleştirmeyi etkileyen tek şey değildir. Senin gerçek yeteneğini yansıtan, zamanla gelişen bir sistemdir.[/i] D[i]aha önce oyuncular verilen bir rütbenin yanı sıra gizli bir eşleştirme rütbesi ile de değerlendiriliyordu. Sistem bir oyuncunun yeteneği konusunda eminleştikçe bu iki rütbe buluşur. Bu, Platinyum seviyesine ulaşmaya yakın bir Gümüş oyuncunun diğer Platinyum oyuncular ile eşleşmesine yol açan karışıklıklara sebep olabiliyordu.[/i] B[i]u yamadan itibaren Gizli Eşleştirme Rütbesi görülebilir olacak. Bu ek bilgi ile oyuncular sistemin onların oyunculuğu hakkında neler düşündüğünü daha iyi anlayabilecek ve Eşleştirme kalitesindeki kararlaştırma hakkında daha fazla bilgi sahibi olacaklar.“[/i]
  • Oyuncular artık Kazanılan Bölümü’nün yanı sıra Eşleştirme Bölümü’nü de görecekler. Eşleştirme Bölümü, Eşleştirmenin yapıldığı (sistemin yetenek seviyenin ne olduğunu tahmin ettiği) yer iken Kazanılan Bölümü tahmini yeteneğine doğru olan gidişini ölçen bölümdür.

  • Bu Eşleştirme Bölümü sadece oyuncuya görünecektir ve ilk başta herkese görünür olmayacaktır.
Tanrı Liderlik Tahtası Puanları “[i]4. Sezonun başında tanıttığımız sistemlerden biri de Tanrı Liderlik Tahtaları idi ve çoğu oyuncu için merdivenin basamaklarını tırmanmak biraz kafa karıştırıcı oluyordu. Liderlik tahtasına, yerleşimlere karar veren arkaplan hesaplamalarını gösteren bir puan sistemi ekliyoruz. Bu puan formülü belli bir karşılaşmanın ne kadar zor olduğunun, karşılaşmadaki rütbelerin ne kadar yüksek olduğunun ve belli bir tanrı ile karşılaşmanın sonucunun bir kombinasyonunu kullanır. Karşılaşmalar Ustalar seviyesinde oynandığında, Bronz karşılaşmalarda 10-0 olan bir oyuncu 7-3 olan başka bir oyuncunun altında olacak ve yeni puan sistemi bunu görsel olarak gösterecek.“[/i]
  • Oyuncular artık yerleştirmelere karar veren Puan Değerini Tanrı Liderlik Tahtasında görebilecek. Bir tanrı ile kazanılan her galibiyet, karşılaşmanın zorluğuna ve karşılaşmanın oynandığı yetenek seviyesine bağlı olarak belli miktarda puan verecek. Mağlubiyetlerde de puanlar azalacak. Bu sayede oyuncuların Tanrı Liderlik Tablosunda nasıl rütbelendiğini daha iyi yansıtılacak.
Fantezi Puanı Bahşişi “[i]Hiç oyunda seni koruyup kollayan ya da oynamaktan çok zevk aldığın birileri oldu mu? Artık teşekkür etmek için böyle oyunculara Fantezi Puanları verebileceksin! Karşılaşma sonunda oyuncular kazandıkları FP’nin belli bir yüzdesini dost bir oyuncuya bahşiş olarak gönderebilecek ve lobideki diğer oyuncular da bunu görebilecek. Ekstradan FP göndermek istersen, cömertliğin karşılıksız kalmaz.“[/i]
  • Oyuncular artık bir Karşılaşmada kazandıkları FP’nin bir kısmını takım üyelerine bahşiş olarak verebilecek. Eğer bir oyuncu çok nazikse, yardımseverse ya da Beş-leş yaptıysa, onurlandırmak için Fantezi Puanından birazını ona gönder!

  • Bahşiş butonu Karşılaşma Sonu Lobisindeki puan tablosunda görünecek.
Olympus Projesi hakkında daha fazla bilgi için buraya tıkla!









Sezon Bileti: Sonbahar Bölümü

2017 Sonbahar Bölümü Bileti Paketi
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Sonbahar Rütbeli Bölümü

Yeni Sezon

Soft Sıfırlama
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Hata Düzeltmeleri

Diğer.
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Oynanış
  • Yeniden doğan Anka Kuşlarında, yeniden doğma sonrasında daha az hasar verdiklerini aksettirmek için yeni “güçsüzleştirilmiş” animasyon duruşları ve efektler olacak.
Taş Kesen Kılıç
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Athena
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          New resource provides access to 4 health services research web sites        
  NICHSR ** ONESearch provides one-stop searching of 4 key National Library of Medicine (NLM)  resources.  These resources primarily support health services research – access to health care, how much health care costs, and what happens to patients as a … Continue reading
          Comment on [รีวิวไต้หวัน] ตอนที่ 88 : THSR PASS พาสสำหรับเดินทางด้วยรถไฟความเร็วสูง by หลงรักไต้หวันไปกับหนึ่งพภ       
[…] [รีวิวไต้หวัน] ตอนที่ 88 : THSR PASS พาสสำหรับ… […]
          Cutting Costs On California HSR Doesn't Have To Add Delays        
Scrapping viaducts like this would make California HSR cheaper, faster to build, and easier to maintain, without a loss in quality The recent peer review report recommending that California delay construction on the first segment of its high-speed rail project has caused a bit of consternation in the transit twittosphere. Blogger [...]
          California HSR Review Panel Recommends Against $2.7 Billion Bond Issue        
Enormous viaducts like this are one reason for the project's ballooning cost estimates Well, the other shoe has finally dropped: theCalifornia High-Speed Rail Peer Review Group is recommending that the state legislature not authorize the issue of $2.7 billion in bonds to begin paying for the state's planned$98.5 billion high-speed rail [...]
          à¹€à¸Šà¹‡à¸„ราคา Tifosi แว่นกันแดด รุ่น ESCALATE F.H. Matte Black (LN Fototec/Smoke/HSR Fototec) รีวิว        
Tifosi แว่นกันแดด รุ่น ESCALATE F.H. Matte Black (LN Fo … อ่านเพิ่มเติม เช็คราคา Tifosi แว่นกันแดด รุ่น ESCALATE F.H. Matte Black (LN Fototec/Smoke/HSR Fototec) รีวิว
          Surface Transportation News #129        

In this issue:

The Elephant in the Room in Reauthorization

State DOTs are planning cutbacks in various projects as the Federal Highway Administration begins reducing reimbursement payments next month to a level that can be sustained by existing federal highway funding sources. Just to cover existing contractual obligations through Dec. 31st of this year would require an additional $8 billion, based on projections from the Congressional Budget Office. And the outlook for the full FY 2015 fiscal year is much grimmer. Based (as CBO's projections must be) on assuming that all existing programs continue at the previous year's budgeted levels plus inflation, and with revenues based on current law, FHWA could not take on any new funding commitments for the entire fiscal year, after which subsequent years through FY 2024 would vary from 50% to 100% of a business-as-usual projection.

But why is nearly all the discussion in Washington about finding additional sources of revenue? In nearly all other enterprises facing this kind of situation, the prudent thing to do—especially at a time like this—is to look hard at what the money is being spent on, prioritize that spending, and reduce or eliminate the programs with the weakest business cases. Before we get into that, let's take a quick look at how dependent state highway programs are on federal funding.

For a Reason Foundation webinar on issues facing the federal program earlier this month, I drew on figures compiled by the American Road & Transportation Builders Association showing that the average state gets 52% of its highway and bridge capital outlays from the feds. But that average conceals huge variations, from a low of 35% in New Jersey to a high of just over 100% in Rhode Island. As you might expect, states with toll roads averaged just over 50% federal support, compared with 64% for states without toll roads. By region, New England has the highest dependency (70%) and the Northeast the least (46%), primarily due to a high fraction of Northeast highway travel being on toll roads and bridges. I also compared the 50 states and the District of Columbia on their state/local fuel tax rates. These varied all over the map, but the 10 states with the lowest federal-aid dependence have modestly higher average gas taxes (31.4¢/gal.) than the 10 most-dependent states (28.8¢/gal.), showing that self-help works. Incidentally, Alaska and Hawaii provide a sharp contrast. Although both are highly dependent on federal aid (at 93% and79%, respectively), Alaska has by far the lowest gas tax (12.4¢/gal.), while Hawaii is fourth-highest, at 48.05¢/gal. (Note: all gas tax numbers come from a June 3rd report from the Tax Foundation.)

When the federal program was created by Congress in 1956 solely to build the Interstate Highway System, had anyone then suggested that more than 30 years after that program was proclaimed completed in 1982 the average state would depend on Congress for more than half its highway capital budget, that person would have been dismissed out of hand. Yet here we are today with a federal highway and transit program that tries to do something about just about anything you can imagine that relates to surface transportation. Thanks to Congress's relentless expansion, the program's cost today so exceeds its user-tax revenue that the legislators since 2008 have repeatedly appropriated general-fund bailouts to keep the spending going.

The most straightforward (but not painless) reform would be to scale back the program to the best available estimates of federal user-tax revenue, while prioritizing it to focus on what is judged critically important for the federal, as opposed to state and local, government to be funding and regulating. A little-known white paper by former FHWA official Steve Lockwood, "Exploring the Implications of Limits" (January 13, 2012), was an attempt to do just that. Its centerpiece was a more-limited strategic national highways program (the Interstates plus carefully selected additions), as also recommended in a 2011 RAND Corporation study; there would be no separate urban or rural programs and no funding distribution by formula, as at present. There would continue to be modest support for safety programs and for transportation research. The new program would be constrained to an estimated $30 billion annual highway program budget (which also assumed continuation of the Mass Transit Account in the Highway Trust Fund at $5 billion per year). This is conceptually similar to the approach set forth in Reason Foundation's 2010 policy study, "Restoring Trust in the Highway Trust Fund," except that we proposed shifting transit either to state and local governments or to the federal general fund (which is how it was funded when the agency was called UMTA and located within HUD).

This kind of prioritization, leading to targeted cuts and eliminations of poorly justified federal programs, is especially important given projections of the overall federal budget going forward. For example, last year's 10-year Ryan-Murray budget framework keeps non-defense discretionary spending over the next decade flat, in 2013 dollars. But the source of funding for Highway Trust Fund bailouts is precisely this category, which is paid for out of general federal revenues. The best way to protect the highway program from general budget cuts is to support it solely from dedicated user-tax revenues.

The federal surface transportation program is at a critical turning point. Without fundamental change to make it sustainable from its highway user customers, it will continue to spend increasingly limited dollars on far too many programs, most of which are properly the responsibility of state or local governments. Let's hope the new Congress that takes office in January will have the courage to face up to this.

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First Express Lanes Network Concept of Operations Released

While more than half a dozen metro areas now have plans in place to develop networks of express toll lanes (by converting existing HOV lanes and adding new lanes), to the best of my knowledge none has produced a detailed overall plan covering the policies needed to ensure that the network will actually function as a network—until this year.

Several months ago, Florida DOT quietly published the "Southeast Florida Regional Concept for Transportation Operations," referred to informally as the "con-ops" for the planned Express Lanes Network for the greater Miami urbanized area. The project was largely funded by a 2010 Value Pricing grant from FHWA, and the principal consultant on the project was HNTB. As the lead author of the March 2012 Reason Foundation policy study "Increasing Mobility in Southeast Florida," which laid out plans for a somewhat larger network than shown in the FDOT con-ops, I read the document with great interest.

This kind of document is valuable for a number of reasons. To begin with, a network is far more complex than individual express toll lane projects. To operate as a network, it should be seamless, allowing easy transfers from one link to another (which means expensive connector ramps where two expressways intersect). Pricing is considerably more complex, given the interactions of traffic flows from one link to another. And signage is especially difficult, given that in a large network there may be hundreds of different possible trips between numerous entry points and exit points. A customer-friendly network should therefore have consistent policies on things like which categories of vehicle are allowed on it, whether any categories get reduced or zero toll rates, how the express lanes can be accessed and how they are separated from general-purpose lanes, etc.

The FDOT con-ops is comprehensive in approaching all of these subjects, and more. But probably because so many stakeholders had to be involved, not all the key issues were fully resolved in the finished document. Stakeholders include two FDOT districts, two toll road operators (Florida Turnpike Enterprise [FTE] and Miami-Dade Expressway Authority [MDX]), three county transit agencies and the regional commuter rail agency, three MPOs, the highway patrol, and several others.  This may also be the reason for the long delay between the draft executive summary that I saw more than a year ago and the final publication date of March 2014.

The map showing the overall vision includes numerous links expected to be in operation within 10 years as well as "vision projects" for the decade or so thereafter. Included in the near-term projects are express toll lanes added to several of the urban toll roads operated by FTE and MDX, plus projects now under way extending the existing express lanes on I-95 further northward and adding such lanes to I-75 and Miami's Palmetto Expressway. The vision projects include express lanes on additional FTE and MDX toll roads. I was disappointed to see the omission of what the Reason study considered an especially important link: the portion of US 1 running from the southern terminus of I-95 to the South Dade busway (where the latter is shown as revamped into an express toll lanes/BRT facility, based on a study currently nearing completion). The seven-mile US 1 corridor is the most congested arterial in all of south Florida, and was proposed by us to have added an elevated three-lane reversible express toll lanes link, similar to what exists today on Tampa's east-west Selmon Expressway.

Among the many Express Lanes Network policy issues clearly decided are:

  • All express lanes will be barrier separated, with the type of barrier depending on the corridor; there will be no "continuous access" to the lanes from general-purpose lanes.
  • The pricing model will continue to be dynamic pricing, as on the I-95 and I-595 express lanes already in operation.
  • The ELN will operate 24/7, except for needed maintenance closures.
  • All miles of the ELN will be tolled.
  • There will be consistent signage, with up to three destinations listed at each entry point.
  • A valid Sunpass transponder and account are required for all users. License-plate video will not be used for tolling, to avoid the extra costs of billing; video will be used only for enforcement purposes.
  • The use of toll revenues will follow normal practice, including operating and maintenance costs, repayment of capital costs, and provisions for future additions to the ELN (but page 6-11 suggests a possible use of surplus revenues, if any, for bus transit operating costs and facilities such as park-and-ride lots).

Policy issues for which pros and cons are given, but without a uniform decision being reached, include:

  • Tolling will be either trip-based (entry to exit) or zone-segment based; this will be a corridor-level decision.
  • Whether hybrids can use the ELN without paying tolls is left undecided, though Table 2-7 shows that free passage is not provided for hybrids on most existing express toll facilities around the country.
  • The HOV policy is inconsistent; the decision is yes on HOVs-go-free for I-95, but no everywhere else, because only on I-95 do the express lanes result from HOV conversion, and federal law requires preferential treatment for HOVs in such cases. However, as noted on p. 7-2, "the actual number beyond the minimum of two for HOV eligibility is up to the operating entity." Hence, HOV-4 or -5 could be required, thereby reducing the lost-revenue and enforcement problems to very close to zero.
  • Revenue maximization vs. throughput maximization is not resolved, but the possibility of a hybrid of the two is discussed.
  • Project delivery will remain open to all types, including design-build and concessions.
  • The occupancy enforcement discussion acknowledges the limitations of all current methods, and hints at (but does not explicitly recommend) using the registration requirement as a way to facilitate off-roadway enforcement via audits of company-sponsored ride-sharing programs (as proposed in the Reason study).

I should emphasize that my highlighting some points that are not fully resolved is not meant as a criticism. Overall, this is a path-breaking document that represents a great deal of hard work and (I imagine) some arguments over specific issues. The result, while not quite a blueprint, does provide a sound basis for moving forward expeditiously on what may well become the country's first Express Lanes Network worthy of the name.

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Ports May Get Short-Changed by New Harbor Maintenance Provisions

Port operators cheered when President Obama signed the Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) last month. That's because of language "requiring" the federal government to spend all the money it collects in Harbor Maintenance Taxes (HMT) on harbor projects, instead of spending only half and keeping the rest on hand to make the federal budget deficit look smaller. Donor ports on the west coast, which don't need dredging because of naturally deep harbors, also cheered the inclusion of a new provision allowing them to get some of their HMT contributions back to use for other projects. And nearly all ports cheered the provision that lets them go ahead with channel deepening projects at their own risk, requesting federal reimbursement afterwards that would depend on how Congress divvies up future budgets.

But as Mark Szakonyi pointed out a week later in the Journal of Commerce, neither HMT provision is actually "guaranteed." It turns out that congressional appropriations committees—not the authorizing committees that wrote the WRDA bill—have the final say on both of those provisions. "There is no mandate or trigger to force Congress to back up its goals with dollars," Szakonyi quoted ports consultant Paul Bea as saying. All of which reinforces my view that the Harbor Maintenance Tax and Trust Fund are a poor excuse for efficient investment in port infrastructure. The alternative would be for each port to operate as a self-funded entity, issuing revenue bonds to pay for capital projects like investor-owned utilities do, with the HMT and Trust Fund being eliminated as superfluous.

Despite the potential short-changing, ports and waterways users should nevertheless breathe sighs of relief that the President's own budget proposals for ports and waterways did not get taken seriously by Congress. On ports, that budget called for reducing HMTF outlays to spend even less than in recent years, which would have increased the unspent balance in that fund from $8.7 billion in FY 2014 to $14.9 billion by FY 2019. And the rip-off would have been even worse for waterways. The President proposed doubling the user tax on fuel used by barge operators, which funds the Inland Waterways Trust Fund. But there again, outlays were proposed to decline slightly, which would increase the year-end balance in that "trust fund" from $42 million in FY 2014 to $685 million by FY 2019, while not increasing investment in improved locks and dams one iota.

Neither of these trust funds can be trusted to do what they were set up to do.

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Opponents Try to Sink All Aboard Florida Rail Project

As regular readers of this newsletter will recall, I have been generally supportive of the effort by a division of the company that owns and operates the Florida East Coast Railway to develop the first private-enterprise higher speed passenger rail service since Amtrak took over money-losing passenger services from the major railroads back in 1971. In my initial assessment I saw several factors that differ significantly from other high-speed rail projects being attempted around the country. First, the proposed venture—All Aboard Florida—appears to have identified a market niche where fast (up to 125 mph) passenger rail is quicker than auto travel and less of a hassle than air travel: Miami to Orlando, with intermediate stops at Fort Lauderdale and West Palm Beach. Although AAF has not released their traffic and revenue study, they have said from day one that they believe the passenger service will not need any government subsidies or any government capital grants. That's at least plausible, because FEC Railway already owns most of the right of way and track, apart from a short east-west stretch from its east-coast main line to the Orlando airport, a second success factor. Third, this project represents an excellent case of "value capture" by the parent company, since it expects to make a lot of money via its real-estate investments in and around the new stations it will build in Miami, Fort Lauderdale, and West Palm Beach. That is the key to the success of the Hong Kong's profitable Mass Transit Railway Corporation.

But while the initial reaction to the project was nearly all favorable, in recent months it has come under a variety of attacks. A whole populist conservative opposition has sprung up, producing a conspiracy theory that the passenger rail plan is simply a Trojan Horse to get government support for FEC's already under way plans to improve its freight rail services from the ports of Miami and Ft. Lauderdale, which are deepening their channels to attract the larger container ships that will be traversing the Panama Canal in a few years. Much of this propaganda is very ill-informed, but one of its major points has gained credibility with fiscal conservatives—namely that AAF has applied for two loans from the Federal Railroad Administration under its long-standing Railroad Rehabilitation & Improvement Financing (RRIF) program. The two loans, if granted, would cover $1.6 billion of the project's $2.5 billion capital cost. So AAF is being criticized for depending on "federal funding" after all.

Some of those capital costs include adding parallel tracks on a portion of the east coast freight right of way, so that the faster passenger trains don't interfere with slower freight trains. The conspiracy buffs expect the passenger project to tank, with the loans turning into de-facto grants to FEC Railway's freight operation. That's silly. First of all, most FRA loans already go to freight railroads for track and rolling stock investments. So there was no need to create a passenger rail service in order to get RRIF loans. Second, FRA's application guidelines ask the applicant to spell out the collateral being offered to back the loans, and AAF has announced that it is putting up rolling stock, tracks, and right of way for the requested loans. Third, it is very standard for railroads and other infrastructure companies to finance major projects with a mixture of debt and equity. AAF is readying a $405 million offering of five-year notes as part of the financing. Combined with the $1.6 billion in RRIF loans, that would mean the financing structure would be 80% debt/20% equity, a pretty typical ratio for large infrastructure projects such as PPP toll roads. I have previously written that RRIF has fewer safeguards than the federal TIFIA program, but AAF's applying for available federal loans is no more surprising than private toll road companies applying for available TIFIA loans.

Fiscal conservatives also claim that Florida DOT is providing a $204 million grant to AAF to build its new station at the Orlando International Airport. The Legislature's FDOT budget approved earlier this year does provide a grant in that amount, but to the airport, for its long-planned multi-modal terminal, somewhat like the Miami Intermodal Center at Miami International Airport. Both of these are airport projects, enabling air travelers to connect with a number of ground transportation options.

There are some real concerns that are not part of right-wing conspiracy theories. One is the increase in daily train operations through many east coast communities, with 32 daily passenger trains and, over time, FEC's hoped-for increase in container trains to and from the two ports. There will need to be safety upgrades at many grade crossings, and under current law much of that expense belongs to the roadway owners, not the railroad. People who live in the counties north of West Palm Beach are angry that they will suffer from increased waiting times at grade crossings, as well as increased noise from the trains, even though they won't be able to ride them. But increases and decreases in train volumes are a fact of life if a rail line runs through your town. FEC has been in place, originally operating both passenger and freight service, for over 100 years.

A problem relatively unique to Florida is a number of railroad drawbridges which are normally kept in the up position to accommodate large numbers of boats (e.g., 236 per day at the Loxahatchee River entering the Jupiter inlet). Because they are built at ground level, only very small boats can pass beneath them when they are down. Current operating protocols call for a 15-minute lead time to open the bridge before a train arrives, plus three minutes for the train to cross and another two minutes to open the bridge so boats can pass. AAF has said they plan improvements to the bridges, but I have not seen any specifics, so the boating community is very concerned.

My assessment at this point is that this still looks like a worthwhile effort to re-introduce passenger rail service on a commercial basis. Most of the concerns raised by opponents are not serious, and I expect AAF will be providing more specifics on its plans for grade crossing and drawbridge improvements.

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Upcoming Conferences

Note: I don't have space to list all transportation conferences that might be of interest. Below are those that I or a Reason Foundation colleague are taking part in.

TRB Fifth International Finance Conference, July 9-11, Beckman Conference Center, Irvine, CA (Adrian Moore and Robert Poole speaking). Details at www.trb.org/conferences/finance2014.aspx.

26th Annual Public Private Partnerships in Transportation Conference, July 16-18, Washington Court Hotel, Washington, DC (Robert Poole speaking). Details at www.ARTBAP3.org

P3 Connect 2014, July 28-30, Sheraton Denver Downtown, Denver, CO (Leonard Gilroy speaking). Details at www.ncppp.org/p3connect

ITS World Congress, Sept. 7-11, Cobo Center, Detroit, MI (Baruch Feigenbaum speaking). Details at www.itsworldcongress.org

2014 Preserving the American Dream Conference, Sept. 19-21, Embassy Suites-Stapleton, Denver, CO (Robert Poole and Baruch Feigenbaum speaking). Details at http://americandreamcoalition.org/?page_id=3515

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News Notes

Express Toll Lanes Booming in Texas . More express toll lane capacity is now operational in the Dallas area, and new express toll lane projects are moving forward in two other urban areas. The second phase of the $2.7 billion LBJ Freeway express lanes project in Dallas is scheduled to open on July 12th, and tolling began July 7th on the new express lanes on the SH 114 DFW Connector. In Austin, the Texas Transportation Commission announced the selection of McCarthy Building Companies for a design-build project to add express toll lanes to SH 71 near the Austin-Bergstrom International Airport. And in El Paso, the Commission has selected the Abrams-Kiewit Joint Venture to develop nine miles of express toll lanes on Loop 375 Border Highway West.

More Conversions to All Electronic Tolling. Massachusetts DOT is getting ready to begin converting all toll facilities in the state—the Mass. Turnpike, the Tobin Bridge, and the three tunnels between downtown Boston and Logan Airport—to all-electronic tolling (AET). Florida Turnpike Enterprise last month completed conversion of its Veterans Expressway near Tampa to AET, after having already converted all portions of the Turnpike in Miami-Dade County. In addition, the state-run toll bridges in the San Francisco Bay Area are planning AET conversions, beginning with the Dumbarton Bridge. The Golden Gate Bridge, owned and operated by its own toll agency, was the first in the region to convert to AET.

Cap and Trade Money May Not Rescue California High Speed Rail. Gov. Jerry Brown persuaded the Legislature to allocate $250 million in projected FY 2014-15 greenhouse-gas cap-and-trade revenues to the troubled California HSR project—along with a promise to devote 25% of the annual proceeds to the project in coming years. While proponents cheered, respected Sacramento Bee political reporter Dan Walters sounded a cautionary note. In a June 17 article, he compared $250/year with the enormous $68 billion capital cost of the project, concluding that this hardly solves the funding problem. He also noted the still-ongoing legal challenges over whether the project complies with the strict conditions in the 2008 measure authorizing $9 billion worth of still-unissued state bonds for the project.

China Now World Leader in Greenhouse Gas Emissions. A chart in The Economist's April 19th "Special Report: China" shows that in 2006 China's GHG emissions surpassed those of both the United States and the EU 27 countries. By 2012, China's total had increased from around 6 billion tons to nearly 10 billion, compared with just under 4 billion for the EU 27 and about 5.2 billion for the USA. The latter two are in a gradual downtrend, while China's emissions have been on a strong uptrend ever since 2002.

Another Smartphone Tolling App. BancPass, Inc. announced last month that its PToll Mobile App for Toll Roads has become operational in the Austin metro area, after eight months of beta testing on the region's toll roads. Downloading the app is free, and once the customer sets up an account, she will gain access to the transponder toll rate rather than the more expensive rate for video tolling. BancPass envisions the system as "a viable solution to the interoperability issues facing toll operators."

Deregulating Downtown Parking. In the latest issue of the University of California Transportation Center's Access magazine, Michael Manville reviews empirical data on relaxation of the former parking space mandate on downtown developments. In 1999 the City of Los Angeles adopted an Adaptive Reuse Ordinance (ARO) to encourage the revamping of old and often unoccupied downtown office buildings into apartments and condos. One of its provisions deregulated on-site parking requirements, which would have required one on-site space for each apartment unit and two spaces for each condo. Manville's analysis of 56 ARO projects found that most developers still provided parking, but generally using a mix of on-site and off-site spaces, averaging 1.2 spaces per apartment and 1.3 spaces per condo. There was no significant increase in on street parking, because all street parking is metered.

Variable Speed Limits Coming to Atlanta. Starting this September, motorists on the northern half of I-285 (known locally as the Perimeter Highway) will face 176 electronic variable speed limit signs. Depending on traffic levels, the limit will vary from 35 mph to 65 mph, compared with today's 24/7 limit of 55 mph. While fairly common in European countries, variable speed limits are quite new in the United States, with Washington State as one of the pioneers.

Beltway Express Lanes Exceed One Million Trips. Since they opened to traffic in November 2012, the I-495 Express Lanes have served 1.1 million customers traveling 100 million vehicle miles of travel. The busiest single day thus far was Dec. 13, 2013, with 48,489 trips.

Wisconsin Voters Favor Tolls. For a state without toll roads, public opinion in Wisconsin is more favorable to tolling than many would have expected. Poll results released in May by the Marquette University Law School found that 55% would support tolls to fund highway projects, compared with only 40% favoring an increase in the state's fuel taxes. Those opposing tolls were 42% of respondents, while those opposing a gas-tax increase totaled just over 57%.

Seattle's Stuck Tunneling Machine Repair Plan. Details of the plan to repair the tunnel boring machine that was damaged part-way through boring the tunnel that will replace the obsolete elevated Alaskan Way Viaduct were announced June 20th. First, Seattle Tunnel Partners will excavate a pit in order to gain access to the machine's cutting head, with the repairs due to begin in October, and tunneling to resume in March. Meanwhile, other work on the project is continuing, with the goal of completing the tunnel by the end of 2015.

Ohio OKs Tolling for Brent Spence Bridge. Gov. John Kasich signed into law a bill that authorizes electronic tolling for the planned bridge mega-project. Construction is on hold, due to the lack of similar legislation from Kentucky, Ohio's partner on the bi-state project.

Orlando Expressway Authority Expanded. Florida Gov. Rick Scott signed legislation to convert the Orlando Orange County Expressway Authority into a multi-county entity. The re-named Central Florida Expressway Authority will add Lake, Osceola, and Seminole Counties to the toll agency's jurisdiction, with corresponding changes in its board membership.

Another Term for Express Toll Lanes? In response to a recent NPR story on the origin of the term "Lexus Lanes," Houston blogger Tory Gattis suggests a new term for such lanes. "MaX Lanes" would stand for Managed eXpress Lanes that move the maximum number of people at maximum speed. I'd be interested in reader feedback.

One Last Word on Tappan Zee. Reader Michael Craft reminded me that Nicole Gelinas of the Manhattan Institute pointed out in a 2011 article that New York State built the bridge "on the cheap" with only a 50-year design life. You can read her excellent City Journal article at: www.city-journal.org/2011/21_2_tappan-zee-bridge.html.

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Quotable Quotes

"When I served as U.S. ambassador to Canada, I was struck by the face that Canadian infrastructure was generally in much better shape than our own. A big reason for this is Canada's use of public-private partnerships—so-called P3s. P3s are designed to create investment in public infrastructure in a more sustainable way. The private sector assumes a major share of the financing, construction, and performance risks, while the public gains the benefits of using the asset, remaining off the hook for cost overruns, delays, and other problems. P3s can be used to finance virtually anything the public needs, from roads and rail to sewers and street lights."
—David Jacobson, BMO Financial, "Canada's ABCs of P3s," The Journal of Commerce, June 9, 2014

"In our region the city of Cincinnati and its central business district are experiencing a grand rebirth. The marketplace has rediscovered the advantages of urban living. Private investment is driving residential and commercial growth. At the same time, suburban and exurban commercial and residential areas in all three states of our region are growing and thriving. At our regional council, we applaud these market-driven developments rather than condemn some of them because they run counter to someone's definition of the public good. . . . [The] deep bench of local involvement protects our regional organization from being captured by the latest centralized effort by someone telling us exactly how we should live our lives. Planning is undeniably valuable to communities and regions. But it cannot take the place of democracy at the local level. After all, if planning were the sine qua non of a successful society, the Soviet Union would still be extant and thriving."
—Mark Policinski, CEO, Ohio Kentucky Indiana Regional Council of Governments, Letter to the Editor, The Wall Street Journal, May 28, 2014

"Many experts on connected vehicle-highway systems are predicting that no [Traffic Management Center] will be needed in the future. Vehicles will just 'intelligently' progress to where they want to go, with minimum delay and avoiding collisions. Unfortunately, there will be many vehicles on the corridors with different degrees of intelligence, different accuracy of navigation devices, and different accuracy/ranges of collision avoidance sensors that have similar objectives. Compromises must be made related to speed and perhaps stop times at signals to achieve system safety. There will always be vehicles with failed electronics—because electronics fail with age and environmental stress."
—Bruce Abernathy, VASI, "At the Center of Everything . . .," Thinking Highways (North American edition), Vol. 9, No. 1, 2014

"Our transportation system is vast and complicated, and there's no reason to think Congress can know where every dollar should be spent, any more than it knows what clothes you should wear today or what you should have for dinner tonight. It is time for Congress to say what it should have said in 1982: the Interstate Highway System is finished and new transportation projects, including bike paths, transit routes, and bridge repairs, are of state or local interest and should be funded by state or local governments, not by the feds."
—Randall O'Toole, Independence Institute, "Why Is Congress Still Running the Transportation System?" Greeley Tribune, June 27, 2014

» return to top


          HSR Perfect Reflection        
Rocky Mountain Kentucky Mountain Saddle For Sale or Lease - 1 yo Grullo Mare
          Russian Railways Opt China over Germany for Moscow-Kazan HSR Construction        
The Russian Railways company (RZD) is not at all satisfied with the cooperation suggested by Germany Initiative consortium for the construction of Moscow-Kazan (HSR), a high speed railway of Russia. According to Alexander Misharin, the German Initiative had offered a memorandum of cooperation. The equipment supply offer is not satisfactory, said Alexander. The Russian Railway official said that some of the equipment offered were highly priced. Russian Railways were satisfied with the equipment that were offered by the China construction industry. The Chinese counterparts were ready to offer the same set of equipment at reasonable prices, stated Alexander.  While mentioning the CEO and president of Siemens in Central Asia and Russia, vice-president of Siemens AG Dietrich Moeller, TASS said that the German Initiative may join the Russian railway project, as a co-investor with the Chinese investors. The funding that was agreed with China earlier would not be enough throughout the entire project, stated Moeller. The group is considering to co-fund the project in one of its own segments, which is rolling stone supplies, added Moeller. Power supply systems, traffic control, and signaling are other areas in which Siemens will be interested. Sapsan trains of new generation would be offered by the company, which would be produced at JV plant with Sinara.  At present, Siemens is in partnership with Sinara, on a project to build rolling stock for the Russian Railways. The JV plant Ural Locomotives is moving ahead with their plans to build Lastochka EMUs and freight locomotives. The first Moscow-Kazan HSR of Russia is estimated to cost around 1.068 trillion roubles and the route is expected to be 770 km long. Trains running at an average speed of around 400 km/h will cut down the travel time from Moscow to Kazan. The travel time will be cut down from 14 hours to 3.5 hours. 

Original Post Russian Railways Opt China over Germany for Moscow-Kazan HSR Construction source Twease
          Karen McDougal's Cutty Sark Ad's HQ x 3        
FORUM TREAD: SkrtChsr - 02/20/10


          Karen McDougal Lenceria Lingerie Catalog HQ x 20        
FORUM TREAD: SkrtChsr - 11/30/08


          Karen McDougal Ironman Magazin Shoot x 8        
FORUM TREAD: SkrtChsr - 08/30/08


          Karen McDougal Jet Mirage Nightclub 37th Birthday Celebration Promo        
FORUM TREAD: SkrtChsr - 04/09/08


          Know Your Neighbourhood – HSR Layout, Bangalore        
HSR Layout is a residential area spread over 7 sq kms and situated at the confluence of Hosur Road and Sarjapur Road. Developed by the Bangalore Development Authority in 1984, it gets its name from Hosur Sarjapur Road Layout and is built on land reclaimed from the Agara Lake.This locality is divided into Sectors 1 - 7and boasts wide main roads,several arterial by-lanes, lots and gardens and parks. HSR Layout is located close to areas like Electronic City, Whitefield,Koramangala and Jayanagar, making it a desirable residential location in Bangalore. Its close proximity to IT Parks and other premium localities has fuelled its realty growth. Mosthome owners here are IT professionals and 1, 2 and 3BHK houses are the most sought-after units.
Image Credits: hsrlayout.info

Real Estate
HSR Layout offers apartments as well as independent houses for the new home buyer. The average price of apartments here falls between Rs 4,500 to Rs 5,000 persq.ft. The average price of independent houses is between Rs 8,000 to Rs 9,300 per sq.ft.


Connectivity
HSR Layout has great connectivity to its nearby localities like Koramangala and BTM Layout.Whitefield and Electronic City – the two major IT hubs of the city, are only 7kms away. The area is well connected by BMTC buses. HSR Layout is 14kms from Bangalore City Junction, City Railway Station and about 55kms away from Kempegowda International Airport. The airport is easily accessible due to KIA buses that ply from various points in the city.


Social Infrastructure
HSR Layout has a thriving social fabric. The locality has various eateries, restaurants, banks, fitness centres, retail outlets and departmental stores. The JSS Public School, the National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), Narayana Hrudayalaya Clinic, Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike and HSR Club are located here.

Looking to buy your new home or perhaps a good rental investment? RoofandFloorhas great listings for projects in HSR Layout. Your dream property is just a click away.

Article written by: Anita Kurup

Anita is a content professional for the past 15 years and has worked in both traditional and digital media. She transitioned to digital media early on in its advent in India. She will never say no to toddler-proof keyboards and caffeine.



          California Is Already Building HSR Trains        
One of the more interesting subplots to the news that the China-XpressWest deal is off are the complaints about Buy America rules. XpressWest cited those issues explicitly in explaining their decision to end the deal: The biggest challenge has been a federal funding requirement that high-speed trains be manufactured in the United States, even though […]
          Siemens to Build Florida’s HSR Cars in Sacramento        
Siemens has long been hoping to add high speed trains to the passenger rail vehicles it builds at its Sacramento plant. Now they will, thanks to All Aboard Florida: The Siemens plant in South Sacramento will build the locomotives and passenger cars for All Aboard Florida, a high-speed rail system that could begin operation well […]
          No Way to Build HSR Without Public Money        
Pledges in Florida and Texas to build rail systems without public money attract a lot of attention in our austerity addled world. But they’re not practical. A Sacramento Business Journal writer asks about it anyway: California’s high-speed rail project, a public-private partnership, has been besieged for years by complaints that the $68 billion project is […]
          Florida Governor Rejected HSR Funds to Make Obama Look Bad        
This story should come as no surprise, but it’s still galling to see it. A former Florida State Senator has said that Florida Governor Rick Scott promised to accept federal HSR funds shortly before publicly announcing in 2011 he would reject those funds – and that he may have done so in order to make […]
          Will Politicians Suffer for Opposing High Speed Rail?        
In California media outlets often like to ask whether Governor Jerry Brown or state legislators will suffer for supporting high speed rail. Their assumption is that the risky move when it comes to HSR is to back it, and that opposing it comes at little political cost. But that may not be an accurate reflection […]
          Two Consulting Firms Found Florida HSR Would Be Profitable        
Florida Governor Rick Scott killed the state’s high speed rail project shortly after he became governor in early 2011. Even though the private sector consortium that was planning to build and operate the system pledged to cover cost overruns, Governor Scott preferred to listen to his right-wing allies in the Reason Foundation and killed the […]
          California Gets $300 Million of Florida’s HSR Money        
When Florida Governor Rick Scott rejected $2.4 billion in federal high speed rail funding, it set up the possibility that California could reap a big windfall that helps us build out our HSR project. And so we have. Today Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood announced California will get $300 million of that money: California – Central […]
          More Evidence of Major Private Sector Interest in HSR        
Over at Streetsblog Capitol Hill, Angie Schmitt has a great article with an even greater title: What Boondoggle? Private Sector Wants in on HSR Action. Schmitt has some great quotes here that demonstrate not only that the private sector sees HSR as a solid option and rejects utterly the right-wing fantasy that it is somehow […]
          TBN Founder Paul Crouch Dies at Age 79 After Chronic Heart Problems        
Jan Crouch is shown with Paul Crouch, other Crouch family members and TBN guests. (Photo: Facebook/TBN Trinity Broadcasting Network)
Jan Crouch is shown with Paul Crouch, other Crouch family members and TBN guests.
Paul Franklin Crouch, co-founder of Trinity Broadcasting Network (TBN), is dead at age 79, reported his grandson Brandon Crouch on Saturday.
"Today, my grandfather, #PaulCrouchSr went home to be with Jesus in heaven. Thank you for your prayers…" Brandon Crouch tweeted.
TBN's official Facebook page later released the announcement about Crouch's death: "Dr Paul F Crouch passed into the presence of the Lord on November 30, 2013. We are grateful for the life of this amazing servant of God. Please pray for the Crouch family during this time. #paulcrouch #tbn"
Crouch was born March 30, 1934 in St. Joseph, Mo., and is the son of Assemblies of God missionaries. His father died when he was seven-years-old, and he was raised by his mother and grandparents. He has a degree in theology from Central Bible Institute and Seminary in Springfield, Mo., and an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Oral Roberts University in Tulsa, Okla., among other honorary doctorates.
He met his wife, Janice Bethany Crouch, in 1957 and they married in Missouri. They have two sons: Paul Crouch Jr. and Matthew Crouch.
Crouch Sr., co-founder along with his wife, Jan, of the world's largest Christian-owned cable station, had been treated for chronic heart problems for over a decade and had received a pacemaker in 2012, TBN revealed earlier this year.
Crouch was hospitalized on Oct. 22 in Dallas, Texas, and returned home to California in early November. On Nov. 5, TBN released a statement by TBN attorney and spokesman Colby May that said doctors had taken Crouch off the ventilator and he was breathing on his own.
Two years earlier in September 2011, Crouch was also hospitalized for congestive heart failure. It was during this time that Crouch allegedly wrote a letter identifying that he wanted his son Matthew Crouch to take over the position of president of TBN. Then Paul Crouch Jr., who was presumed the heir of TBN, suddenly announced in October 2011 that he would leave TBN to pursue other ministry opportunities.
In recent years, the Crouch and TBN have been embroiled in family lawsuits, with their granddaughter Brittany Koper, former director of finance and human resources, filing a lawsuit saying that the family was distributing more than $50 million for luxury goods, such as jets, estates, and vehicles, to company directors. When Koper refused to keep quiet about the illegal money use, she was fired and allegedly threatened with physical and lethal violence. Her uncle, Joseph McVeigh, who never worked for TBN, filed another lawsuit against TBN at the Orange County Superior Court in early 2012, saying that TBN was maliciously targeting him as part of a "campaign of retaliation" against Koper.
With TBN officially announcing Crouch Sr.'s death on its Facebook page, within less than 20 minutes of the posting there were more than 450 comments, pledging to pray for the Crouch family and offering condolences.
"My prayers are with Jan and everyone in the family. So sad b/c I thought he was doing better. Now he is doing MUCH better. He opened his eyes to see Jesus! WOW!" posted someone identified as Kathy Boulter.
While someone identified as Apostle Doreen Thornton wrote, "Dr. Paul Crouch is loved and will be missed, he was an amazing obedient servant that gave God all that he had, and I am sure great is his reward. God bless the Crouch family you are in my prayers."
And a Jefferson Elicerio Viloria posted, "I really admired this guy..he had his critics, though, although not perfect, and who is, i regard him as a true man of God. I will miss him because i always enjoyed his enthusiasm on TV....God bless the Crouch family."
          Prof Dr Hoo Ke Ping (Pakar Penganalisis Ekonomi) : Malaysia Menuju Ke Arah Kegawatan Ekonomi.        
Prof Dr Hoo Ke Ping (Pakar Penganalisis Ekonomi) : Malaysia Menuju Ke Arah Kegawatan Ekonomi. Berhati-Hati Anak Muda, Rakyat Malaysia! Kebelakangan ini jikalau diperhatikan, harga rumah sudah mulai “stagnant”, sudah tidak mampu naik melonjak sepertimana yang pernah berlaku 2,3 tahun lepas terutamanya yang melibatkan hartanah RM500,000 dan ke atas yang mana unit hartanah Soho, Sovo, Kondo Mewah, service apartment yang paling teruk terkesan apabila….bahang kegawatan ekonomi mula melanda Malaysia.
Apa ditanya adakah Malaysia sudah mengalami kegawatan ekonomi yang ditujukan soalannya kepada Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping (Pakar Penganalisa Politik dan Ekonomi)? Jawapan Prof Dr Hoo Ke Ping belum lagi tetapi kita ke arah permulaan kegawatan ekonomi iaitu kita dalam putaran menurun dalam circle ekonomi…. Apa tanda-tandanya?

  • Ringgit Malaysia terus jatuh merudum
  • Bursa saham Malaysia merosot
  • Harga minyak dunia menjunam turun US$51 setong dan akan terus menjunam tidak akan naik lagi untuk tempoh yang lama sekurang-kurangnya 3 hingga ke 5 tahun daripada sekarang
  • Sekaligus nilai dan aset terus menurun
  • Pendapatan Petronas merosot sekaligus mengurangkan lagi pendapatan kerajaan pada tahun sekitar 20%-30%
  • Pendapatan dan kewangan kerajaan Malaysia “sudah lari jauh” dek kerana berpaksikan pendapatan harga minyak pada purata US$110 untuk tahun 2015. Sekarang berapa harga minyak dunia? .
  • Harga sawit tidak berada pada paras rendah dan tidak akan lagi mencecah RM2,600 setan apatah lagi RM4,000 setan. Ini kerana era ekonomi “super cycle commodity” sudah lama berlalu, tidak akan terjadi lagi…FELDA akan susah hati.
  • Ini kerana di era kenaikan nilai harga sawit, ekonomi China melonjak, nilai Dolar Amerika turun, masa itu juga kebanyakan komoditi naik dek kerana bekalan tidak mencukupi sehingga 2008
  • Ditambah dengan tindakan George W Bush yang memberikan lebih banyak subsidi untuk tanaman jagung untuk penghasilan etanol sehingga menyebabkan bekalan soya bean berkurang. Akhirnya minyak sawit terus melonjak naik.
  • Tetapi sekarang, bekalan soya bean telah mula meningkat naik sehingga menyaingi harga minyak sawit
Gambar : Sejarah Harga Sawit Satu Tan di Malaysia
Turun, turun, merosot. Ini bermakna pendapatan kerajaan akan turut berkurang. Berbanding sekitar kegawatan ekonomi yang teruk melanda negara-negara Asia termasuk Malaysia pada 1997 yang mana pada ketika itu :
  1. pertumbuhan ekonomi negatif 7%
  2. bajet kerajaan banyak dipotong
  3. kadar pinjaman yang dikenakan sehingga 13%. Zero.
  4. selama tempoh 6 bulan berturut-turut, tiada kegiatan ekonomi berlaku
  5. ringgit Malaysia berada pada paras sekitar RM4.50 dan pernah mencecah RM5.00 untuk setiap dolar Amerika pada satu ketika
Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping menjangkakan kejatuhan ringgit Malaysia yang berlegar RM3.58 untuk setiap Dolar Amerika pada hari ini hanyalah permulaan sahaja kerana ia akan terus jatuh lebih teruk daripada sekarang ini iaitu sekitar RM3.80 untuk setiap Dolar Amerika dan RM3 untuk setiap Dolar Singapura untuk tempoh 6 hingga 10 bulan daripada sekarang dek kerana faktor luar yang tidak terkawal sekarang ini.
  1. Dolar Amerika yang terus meningkat naik
  2. Nilai Yuan mula menurun
  3. Nilai Yen turun melemah
  4. Nilai ringgit Malaysia akan turun merosot
  5. Ditambah dengan hutang isi rumah di Malaysia bernilai RM854.3 Bilion terlalu tinggi “sudah nyawa-nyawa ikan”
  6. “private investement” berdasarkan semakan Berita semasa terhadap data MIDA menunjukkan di sini, telah ada trend penurunan sejak suku 3 2014 lagi
  7. “Net exports been contracting even as RM merudum”. Dengan nilai ringgit Malaysia yang terus lemah pada ketika ini, berapa banyak yang boleh diperolehi daripada pasaran eksport negara?
  8. Hutang kerajaan Malaysia terlampau banyak menyebabkan keupayaan kerajaan untuk meminjam lagi semakin kurang
  9. Nilai ringgit Malaysia turun menyebabkan kadar pinjaman bon kerajaan turut meningkat
GAMBAR : Semak Tukaran Ringgit Malaysia & Prestasi Bursa Saham :

Apa nasihat yang dilemparkan kepada rakyat malaysia terutamanya golongan muda?

NASIHAT PROF DR HOO KE PING KEPADA RAKYAT MALAYSIA & ANAK MUDA?

Apa nasihat yang dilemparkan kepada rakyat malaysia terutamanya golongan muda?
  • Berjimat cermatlah ketika berbelanja terutamanya pelbagai tawaran diskaun dan YES (YEAR END SALE)
  • Tinggalkan tabiat berbelanja barangan yang bukan keperluan dan boros berbelanja pada tahun 2015
  • Elakkan menambah hutang kerana kadar faedah pinjaman bank akan naik tidak lama sahaja lagi.Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping menjangkakan kadar faedah mesti akan naik lagi.
  • Jangan sesekali anda beli hartanah untuk tempoh 1,2 tahun daripada sekarang.
  • Ini kerana telah berlaku lambakan rumah sekarang ini. Termasuk projek-projek di bawah skim DIBS apabila pembeli terpaksa mula membayar “bayaran sebenar” disebalik pembelian modal rendah ketika permulaan menempah unit hartanah tersebut 2,3,4 tahun yang lepas.
  • Jikalau anda pergi di sekitar Jalan Awan Kecil, Vista Komanwel, Parklane, The Treez, Seringin Residense, Le Yuan Residence di sekitar lebuhraya KESAS sahaja sekelilingnya sejumlah 20,000 unit apartment telah mula mendapat CF, tetapi berdasarkan statistik yang diperolehinya hanya 10%-20% sahaja yang terisi dek kerana kerana “oversupply”.
  • Bagaimana kalangan pelabur hartanah 2,3 4 hartanah mampu bertahan apabila masih lagi tidak mampu menyewakan unit mereka kepada orang? (Fasa 1)
  • Kemudian apabila pelabur hartanah bertindak mahu menjual unit hartanah mereka, masih tidak pembeli yang berminat (Fasa 2). Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping merasakan pelabur hartanah seperti ini akan hannnnncurrrrr.
  • Apabila sudah memasuki fasa 3, Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping menjangkakan sekali lagi harga rumah pasti akan turun apabila masalah “oversupply & kenaikan kadar feadah pinjaman yang bakal diumumkan BNM tidak lama sahaja lagi” sepertimana yang berlaku di Singapura dan UK. Dan ramai yang akan muflis selepas itu dek kerana tidak mampu bertahan dengan nilai wang mereka semakin mahal.
  • Apabila harga hartanah akan turun semula, pada masa itu, anak muda boleh beli unit hartanah yang bernilai RM600,000 pada harga RM400,000 sahaja
  • Keyakinan Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping bertambah melihatkan unit hartanah di Petaling 8 contohnya di Sri Petaling di bawah pemaju I&P Group Sdn. Berhad yang pernah dijual sekitar harga RM400 lebih psf. Realitinya sekarang anda boleh berunding dengan tuan rumah untuk beli dengan nilai serendah RM350psf untuk keluasan lebih 1000 sf
  • Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping menasihatkan terutamanya anak muda, beli unit hartanah apabila ekonomi semakin bertambah baik.
Kalangan yang tidak mampu mendapatkan penyewa ditambah dengan kadar faedah naik, bakal menyebabkan pegangan hartanah tidak akan bertahan lama terutamanya kalangan pelabur yang tidak mempunyai simpanan tunai yang mencukupi akan jatuh muflis.
  1. Inilah akibatnya yang akan terjadi dalam tempoh 1,2 tahun daripada sekarang dek kerana pemaju hartanah yang sudah begitu banyak untung dan terlalu tamak
  2. Menyebabkan pelabur hartanah bakal terjerat tidak lama lagi
    Bank-bank pun susah
  3. Kegawatan sektor hartanah semakin hampir, apabila satu demi satu projek yang dilancarkan 2,3,4 tahun lepas bakal siap pada tahun 2015 ini.
Realitinya hari ini, untuk tempoh sejak 9 bulan terakhir ini jikalau diperhatikan kalangan bank-bank utama di Malaysia telah mula berlawan sesama-sama termasuklah Maybank apabila menawarkan pelbagai tawaran untuk menarik seberapa banyak pendeposit meletakkan simpanan duit mereka bernilai jutaan ringgit. Apa maknya itu? Ini menandakan bank-bank sudah mengalami masalah “liquidity” aliran tunai.
Berdasakan semakan Berita Semasa contohnya di negeri Melaka dan Johor :
  • Kenalan bank menasihatkan tidak membuat pinjaman bank untuk pembelian hartanah pada tahun 2015 ini. Dan bank tersebut juga sekarang ini tidak lagi menumpukan kepada pinjaman hartanah kepada peminjam.
    Banyak pemaju hartanah di Melaka contohnya sudah mula beralih arah ke Tangkak, Johor Bahru untuk mencari mangsa dan pelanggan baru dek kerana pasaran haratanah di Melaka sudah mulai lesu
  • Di Johor Bahru pula, disebabkan berlkau lambat unit service apartment di sana, akhirnya tidak sampai 20% terjual yang mana banyak dibolot oleh pelabur Singapore. Manakala kuota 50% untuk pelabur tempatan “tidak banyak yang terusik” contohnya projek di Medini
  • Berdasarkan semakan Berita Semasa, pembelian unit hartanah banyak direkodkan sekitar tahun 2011, yang mana 3 tahun tempoh pembinaan berjalan bermakna sekitar tahun 2015 dan awal tahun 2016 akan terus berlkau lagi lambakan unit hartanah
  • “oversupply” menyebabkan nilai hartanah akan jatuh
Dan kepada kerajaan Malaysia ini, ini nasihat Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping :
  1. Dr Hoo Ke PingKerajaan mesti potong bajet untuk projek yang bukan keperluan
  2. Termasuklah kerajaan mesti batalkan projek keretapi laju KL – Singapore
  3. Kerajaan Malaysia tida duit untuk melaksanakan landasan berkembar masakan kerajaan mampu untuk menampung perbelanjaan besar bagi projek super mega keretapi laju KL Singapore?
  4. Jikalau keretapi laju dilaksanakan juga, AirAsia turun, KTM turun, Malaysia Airlines (MAS) bakal terduduk. Ini kerana laluan Kl Singaore begitu besar keuntungannya kepada MAS.
P/S : Berita Semasa sangat sarankan untuk anda lebih tumpukan pembelian hartanah secondary di bawah harga RM500,000 ke bawah di lokasi yang sedang meningkat naik berbanding unit hartanah baru.
PP/S : CASH is the king. Mulakan simpanan anda daripada sekarang sehingga 2017, kemudian beli semua unit hartanah pada waktu itu. Inilah yang sedang berlaku dalam “cycle recession 10 years” yang mana hampir bermula…1997-2007-2017
PPP/S : Orang muda yang baru untuk memulakan kehiduapan akan begitu terdedah dengan risiko dengan bahang cabaran ekonomi 2015, 2016 kelak. Dijangka lebih ramai yang akan muflis selepas ini apabila kenaikan kadar faedah pinjaman diumumkan kelak (pinjaman rumah, kredit kad dan lain-lain)
PPPP/S : Sekali lagi Profesor Dr Hoo Ke Ping memberikan nasihat dan juga amaran kepada anak muda terutamanya pada beberapa bulan mendatang yang mana Malaysia sedang menuju kegawatan ekonomi, jangan “dibuat main“!! Bersiap sedia!
credit: berita semasa

                  
[International]
This Is The Deadliest Region In The World For Trans People
On the evening of October 13, 2015, Diana Sacayán, a prominent Argentine transgender activist, was found dead in her bedroom with multiple stab wounds. Sacayán was heavily involved in the transgender rights movement in Argentina, having successfully pushed for a law establishing transgender employment quotas in the provincial government of Buenos Aires.

[Brasil]
Mulher trans é morta no meio da rua no centro de SP
Aos 31 anos, vítima foi baleada e jogada na calçada para morrer diante de dezenas de pessoas
Lidar com assassinatos não é para qualquer um. Mas existe uma grande diferença entre ver uma pessoa morta e uma pessoa morrendo.
E foi isso que aconteceu na frente de uma dezena de pessoas por volta das 20h desta quinta-feira (15), na rua General Jardim, região central de São Paulo, ao presenciar uma travesti baleada jogada na calçada, com uma marca de bala no abdômen, de onde escorria um fio de sangue que desembocava na valeta.


[Brasil]
Travesti é internada em estado grave na UTI após ser espancada
Uma travesti foi brutalmente espancada na madrugada dessa quinta-feira (15) e está internada em estado grave na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) do Hospital de Base. A vítima, identificada preliminarmente como Mirela, estava sem documentos e ainda não foi procurada por familiares.

[Brasil]
Globo proíbe atriz que viverá transexual em À Flor da Pele de dar entrevistas
Caroline Duarte foi escolhida para viver uma transexual na nova novela de Glória Perez, À Flor da Pele, que tem estreia marcada para o ano que vem. A atriz, porém, está proibida de dar qualquer entrevista.

[Brasil]
Globo blinda atriz transexual de Supermax para evitar assédio da imprensa
A assessoria de imprensa da Globo montou um esquema de segurança máxima para proteger a imagem de Maria Clara Spinelli, atriz transexual que interpreta Janette em Supermax. A série com cara de reality show estreou na terça-feira, dia 20, com 15 pontos de média.

[Brasil/Espanha]
Rafaela Manfrini é eleita Miss Trans Star International 2016
A Miss Brasil, Rafaela Manfrini, concorreu com candidatas de vários países, também venceu na categoria Miss Elegância, o concurso foi realizado na Espanha.

[UK]
Measures to tackle Leeds transgender clinic waits
Measures aimed at cutting the time transgender people have to wait for a consultation at an NHS gender identity clinic (GIC) have been introduced.

[UK]
Stumped by transgender pension case, UK top court seeks EU help
A complex legal dispute involving a transgender woman's pension rights over a period when her gender had not been officially recognized has divided Britain's Supreme Court, which referred the issue on Wednesday to the European Union's top court.
UK Top Court Split On Transgender Woman's Pension Right

[UK, USA]
Trans sports clubs: When swimming and playing football is a revolutionary act
All Roberta Francis wanted was a peaceful place to swim. But, writes Kashmira Gander, what she has created has transformed into so much more

[Turkey]
Trans Woman Attacked with “Allahu Akbar” Chants in Mersin
Two assailants in Mersin’s Pozcu district attacked a trans woman with a knife and iron rod, shouting “Allahu Akbar” [“God is Great”]. It was learned that the police did not take action regarding the two people who attacked the trans woman saying “We’re going to kill all of you.”

[Turquie9
Sibel, trans femme : « J’ai tué pour ne pas être tuée »
Sibel, trans femme, n’est ni la première, ni la dernière victime d’une totale injustice. Elle est aujourd’hui en prison. Son histoire recoupe celle de nombreuses trans femmes, et elle traverse les mêmes difficultés et injustices aussi bien dans sa vie, que dans son expérience du juridique et du carcéral.

[Turkey]
Trans Woman Burned and Murdered in Turkey
Hande Kader, a trans woman based in Istanbul, disappeared a week ago. Her friends and lover filed a missing person’s announcement. Hande Kader’s burned body was found in Zekeriyaköy.

[UAE]
YouTuber Gigi Gorgeous detained in Dubai for being transgender
YouTuber and model Gigi Gorgeous was detained at a Dubai airport for being transgender, TMZ reports.

[UAE]
First woman seeks sex-change surgery in UAE
An Emirati woman has sought leave to have a sex change operation in what would be a first for the United Arab Emirates, newspapers reported on Tuesday.

[Pakistan]
After being diagnosed with HIV, transgender person forced to live on Peshawar street
According to Trans Action Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the LRH referred the patient to Hayatabad Medical Complex after she was diagnosed with the disease.
However, it said that the patient was not provided any assistance and that she was abandoned by all care providers.
The transgender person, identified as Dewani, is currently living on the road near garbage dump in Dallazak area.
Cast aside: Community shuns HIV positive transgender person in Peshawar

[Pakistan]
Targeted community: Transgender groups fall prey to criminals
Three groups of people who are transgender were attacked over the course of a single night in the provincial capital.

[Pakistan]
Tales From The Dark Side: The Secret Life Of A Transgender Woman In Pakistan
Her conversion was smooth. She just loved dancing. She must be God’s favorite child as He chose to give her the family she’s happy with, who often see famished nights with tales untold. Having spent more than 25 years in Sargodha, dancing and stealing the shows everywhere, it’s time she changes things, or to be honest, restarts things; as few incidents have been life changing for a pure soul like her.

[Pakistan]
'I wasn’t made to be raped and ridiculed' - trans woman makes a stand in Pakistan
Despite being recognised as the third gender, the marginalised hijiras of Pakistan suffer violence and abuse. Now one brave woman is demanding justice

[Pakistan]
‘Transgender’ wife: A bizarre case of alimony lands in apex court
In a strange case of marriage annulment, payment of haq mehar and demand of alimony, the Supreme Court on Wednesday issued a notice to a transgender person who was married off as a woman to a resident of Multan region.

[India]
Hijras want the new Transgender Bill scrapped
The transgender community, commonly known as hijras, has demanded that the new Transgender Persons Bill, 2016, be scrapped, for a number of reasons, including the fact that it is silent on the subject of granting them reservation in education and jobs under the Other Backward Classes category.

[India]
Signalling change: Transgenders to discipline traffic violators in Delhi
The next time you violate a traffic rule in Lutyens' Delhi, a transgender would be there to correct your mistake with a chocolate or a flower

[Sri Lanka]
Sri Lanka: Challenging ‘Gender Norms’ Brings Abuse
Transgender people and others who do not conform to social expectations about gender face discrimination and abuse in Sri Lanka, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today.

[Indonesia]
Indonesia says 'no room' for LGBT rights movement
The LGBT community is tolerated in Indonesia but recently suffered a public backlash when a government minister said that LGBT people should be barred from university campuses

[Indonesia]
The Piety of Shinta Ratri: When Militant Islamists Attacked a Transgender Madrasa, They Attacked Pluralism Itself
I met Shinta Ratri 10 days after her life’s work had unraveled before her eyes. She quietly introduced herself as she fumbled to light a cigarette. The mood was different from six years earlier, when dozens of reporters had flocked to Indonesia, home to more Muslims than any other country, to profile Shinta’s unique creation — the world’s only Islamic school run by and for transgender women. In early March, we sat on a terrace to discuss how militant Islamists had forced her to shut down her beloved Al-Fatah Pesantren as an unprecedented anti-LGBT campaign across the country reached fever pitch.

[Philippines]
Trans man and musician Aiza Seguerra takes senior job in government of the Philippines
A trans man takes a senior position despite Philippines' president's homophobic remarks

[Philippines]
Philippines AirAsia open to transgender applicants
Budget carrier Philippines AirAsia announced on Sunday it is open to transgender applicants across all company positions, as part of its move to promote gender equality in the workplace.

[Australia]
Mother who found her son trying to cut off his penis at age four will give her child, now 12, puberty-blocking drugs so she grows up as a woman
Australian schoolgirl Emma Hayes started her life as a boy named Ronan
The 12-year-old is set to undergo medical treatment to become a woman
She will take a hormone drug to stop her going through puberty as a boy
Her mother found her then-son trying to cut off his penis at aged four

[Australia]
Monday night's Australian Story: Trans teen takes on the courts
Transgender teenager Georgie Stone is featured on Monday night’s episode of the ABC’s Australian Story, showing how she battles prejudice and legal challenges as she takes on the system to make life easier for other transgender kids and their families.
‘If my voice broke it would have changed my life’

[Australia]
New sexual health resource for trans men nothing to Grunt at
The campaign was created because there was a gap in sexual health awareness for trans men

[Australia]
Kids, 5, in sex-change stories uni research trial
Children as young as five have been used for storytime sessions featuring books with transgender characters, introducing concepts ranging from cross-dressing to gender reassignment surgery, as part of a university study being used to advocate for the expansion of the Safe Schools program into primary schools.

[Australia]
Trans resource to be developed for homeless services
The online resource will ensure homeless services are trained to support trans and gender diverse Australians at risk of homelessness.

[New Zealand]
Cannabis campaigner and transgender activist confirm bid for Dunedin mayoralty
A cannabis campaigner and a transgender activist are taking on the "old boy network" as they run for the Dunedin mayoralty.
Trans activist runs for Dunedin mayoralty

[New Zealand]
Akl Transport pulls "transphobic" section of new ad
Auckland Transport has removed a section of their new ad campaign from cinemas and online distribution after being approached by a concerned group of people who say a portion of the ad was “transphobic”.

[New Zealand]
New Plymouth transgender student starts petition for trousers to be part of school uniform
A transgender student is campaigning for one of New Plymouth's biggest school's to change its dress code to include trousers.

[Canada]
Trans March returning to Ottawa Pride after a decade
Organizers plan event ‘by the trans community, for the trans community.
‘Exploited’: Ottawa Gay Pride names gender-confused 10-year-old grand marshal

[Canada]
Trans athlete takes fight to Ontario Human Rights Tribunal
For years, Kristen Worley has fought for a place for trans athletes in international sporting competitions. Now she’s taken her fight to the Ontario Human Rights Tribunal.

[Canada]
City removes bus shelter ads about transgender people in public washrooms
Transgender advocates say with city's new pro-LGBTQ pledge, the ads never should have been there to begin with
Hamilton hopes to soothe relations with transgender community after bus ad
Hamilton city council asks for report on trans-phobic HSR ads


[Canada]
Trans children: Montreal has resources to help families come to terms
Parents, teachers and doctors should stop treating children and teens who buck gender stereotypes as if there is something wrong with them, says a Montreal doctor who treats transgender youth.

[Canada]
Ontario considers more gender changes for IDs
Ontario is considering more changes to the collection and display of gender information on government documents, not long after announcing gender-neutral driver's licences and health cards.

[Canada]
'Like a slap in the face': Winnipegger slams rules for transgender blood donations
Activist speaks out against Canadian Blood Services’ new rules for trans donors

[USA]
Re(Assignment) premieres with Michelle Rodriguez in a ‘sewer stained’ transface tragedy
Clutching her vagina screaming “NO” after punitive penis removal, a bloodied and “Sewer Stained” Re(Assignment) ‘victim’ cisgender actress Michelle Rodriguez believes trans people shouldn’t criticize her transface role because she is bisexual.
Sex change horror movie that shows Michelle Rodriguez being forcibly changed from a man into a woman is accused of being 'transphobic and exploitative' (and terrible!)
Michelle Rodriguez says trans people need to "calm down," '(Re) Assignment' is not "deep"
Toronto: This Michelle Rodriguez Sex-Change Thriller Is a Total Disasterpiece


[USA]
The Shared Danger of Supporting anti Trans Bathroom Bills
A Dominican woman who was detained with men when entering the states three years ago is is suing for 5 million dollars. Fiordaliza Pichardo was arrested at Miami’s international airport on what attorneys say was a decades-old drug trafficking charge that was later dismissed. The $5m suit names the Miami-Dade corrections department as a defendant.
Lesbian booted out of women’s bathroom at L.A. music hall after guard insisted she was a man

[USA]
Jeffrey Tambor asks Hollywood to ‘give trans actors a chance’ during Emmy speech
The Transparent star says he would be happy to be the last cisgender actor playing a transgender character.

[USA]
American Pastor Who Helped Uganda Create ‘Kill The Gays’ Law Will Be Tried For Crimes Against Humanity
Most of us go our entire lives without ever standing trial for crimes against humanity. Then again, most of us aren’t notorious bigot Pastor Scott Lively, whose life work seems to be to ask the question: “How can I make gay people miserable across the world?”

[USA]
1 in 5 in Juvenile Justice System Are LGBTQ; DOJ Report Offers Recommendations
As Pride Month came to a close and in the shadow of the Orlando tragedy, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), part of the U.S. Department of Justice, released a report about LGBTQ youth within the juvenile justice system. The report, “Creating and Sustaining Fair and Beneficial Environments for LGBTQ Youth,” summarizes listening sessions that occurred over two days in late 2014 between the OJJDP and over fifty-five participants including researchers, practitioners, and youth experts from across the nation. OJJDP is currently preparing to update regulations for federal juvenile justice grants, and NCTE joins other youth advocates in urging the agency to incorporate key recommendations from this report, such as LGBT nondiscrimination requirements, into OJJDP’s grant rules.

[USA]
Transgender actress Jen Richards joins the cast of Nashville
Transgender actress Jen Richards is going country in Nashville! Nashville season 5 that is.
Emmy-nominated writer, actress and producer Jen Richards (Her Story, Doubt) has Joined the cast of “Nashville in a recurring part for the series fifth season.

[USA]
HUD Extends Nondiscrimination Protection at Homeless Shelters to Transgender People
“This new rule will ensure equal access to the very programs that help to prevent homelessness for persons who are routinely forced to choose between being placed in facilities against their gender identity or living on our streets.” HUD Secretary Julián Castro said in a statement.

[CA, USA]
Vigil held in honor of murdered Fresno transgender woman
Casey Haggard was killed nearly one year ago
Dozens march in honor of transgender woman killed in Fresno last year

[DC, USA]
Police: Transgender woman stabbed in NE DC
Police are investigating after a transgender woman was stabbed several times in northeast DC Tuesday.

[FL, USA]
Arrested cis woman fails vagina inspection, jailed with 40 men in common cell; files $ 5 million lawsuit
Historically, doctors delivering babies could not always correctly determine the gender of newborns they delivered by just looking, resulting in tragic consequences for perhaps hundreds of thousands of people. Miami-Dade corrections officials, however felt they were up to the task playing “guess the gender” of their inmates using the same failed techniques.

[FL, USA]
Transgender students speak out about Teacher Suspended for Bullying Them
Angel Villanueva was suspended from his teaching position at East Lee County High because an investigation found the teacher tried forcing his religious beliefs regarding sexual orientation and gender identity on his students.

[FL, USA]
Transgender Prisoner Sues Florida to Get Hormone Treatments
A transgender prisoner sued the Florida Department of Corrections on Monday to demand hormone treatments that she said were promised when she pleaded guilty to attempted second-degree murder.

[GA, USA]
Georgia Advocates Launch New Tool to Monitor Discrimination Against Transgender Students
As Georgia students return to school, five LGBT advocacy groups have introduced a new resource called the Georgia Transgender Student Rights Watch.

[IA, USA]
4 months, $140,000 later, transgender stroke victim admitted by nursing home
The minimum cost for lack of discharge options for transgender Des Moines woman: $141,615

[KY, USA]
Trial continues for suspect accused of killing transgender person at Louisville hotel
Testimony continued for a third day Monday in the trial of a man accused of murdering a transgender victim at a south Louisville hotel.
Witness says suspect Henry Gleaves shot and killed transgender prostitute
Closing arguments underway in transgender murder trial


[MD, USA]
Trans Woman Murdered in Baltimore Is 21st This Year, Equaling 2015's Total
A Baltimore transgender woman has died of a gunshot wound, bringing the number of reported murders of transgender people in 2016 to 21 — the total reported for all of last year.
Crystal Edmonds, a 32-year-old African-American trans woman, was bleeding from a gunshot to the back of her head when police found her on a sidewalk on the city’s northwest side shortly after 3 a.m. Friday, Baltimore’s City Paper reports. She was taken to a hospital, where she died about 11 a.m.
Police seeking leads in the murder of Baltimore Transgender woman Crystal Edmonds
Vigil planned for transgender woman shot, killed in Baltimore


[MI, USA]
Judge weighs transgender firing involving funeral home
A federal judge in Detroit is expected to decide this month whether a Garden City funeral home violated a federal civil rights law when it fired a transgender employee who wanted to dress as a woman.

[NC, USA]
BREAKING: Pat McCrory Quietly Withdraws HB2 Lawsuit He Filed Against Federal Government, Cites Costs
Governor Pat McCrory Friday quietly withdrew the lawsuit he filed in May against the Obama administration as a response to the Dept. of Justice demand he explain if or how he will enforce HB2, his radical, extremist, far-reaching law targeting transgender people. The North Carolina governor cited costs of litigation, noting that his state is also the defendant in a lawsuit filed against him by the Dept. of Justice on similar grounds.

[NY, USA]
Anti-Trump gay rights activist is NOT responsible for the Manhattan bombing say police after blogger claimed to have carried out the attack in response to 'LGBTQ oppression'
Law enforcement discounted the blog posting that claimed responsibilty
A blog said Saturday's explosion was 'lashing out' against 'oppression'
'I am not going to live in a country where it is OK to have a misogynist, xenophobic, racist, Islamophobic, Republican candidate running for President of The United States!' the post said
'This isn't the end. This is just the beginning,' it said. 'I will be remembered. I will make a difference. I will eliminate my targets before it is too late'
The blog also encouraged LGBTQ+ people to give out 'violence and possibly oppression'
"Sou o bombista de Nova Iorque", diz autor de blog com bandeira LGBT

[OH, USA]
Ohio Trans Woman Rae'Lynn Thomas Murdered by Mother's Ex-Boyfriend
Rae'Lynn Thomas was brutally attacked by her mother's ex-boyfriend, who still lived in their Columbus home. She is the 19th trans person known to be killed in the U.S. this year.

[TX, USA]
US soldier charged with death of trans woman
The body of 36-year-old Erykah Tijerina was discovered last month in El Paso, Texas
Latina Trans Woman Found Murdered in Her Home in Texas
Texas Outlet Willfully Misgenders Transgender Murder Victim And Calls Her By The Wrong Name


[TX, USA]
Texas Court Says Trans Man Can’t Be Listed as Male on His Driver’s License
A Texas appeals court ruled last week that a transgender man isn’t entitled to change the gender marker on his driver’s license from “female” to “male.”

[WA, USA]
Police arrest man for murder of transgender woman Deeniquia Dodds
A man has been arrested for the murder of transgender woman, Deeniquia Dodds.
The woman was shot on July the 4th in Washington, but died 9 days later in hospital.

[WI, USA]
Judge tells Wisconsin School: stop making trans students wear arm bands
Ash Whitaker and mom surrounded by classmates celebrate a federal Judge’s temporary injunction ordering the Kenosha Unified School District (KUSD) to cease requiring him to wear an armband signifying his transgender status.

[Colombia]
Thousands of Colombians join nationwide protest of gender ideology in public schools
Thousands marched yesterday in protests held throughout Colombia to protest a new initiative of the country’s homosexual Minister of Education to implement homosexualist and transsexualist gender ideology programs in Colombian schools.
Colombian president pulls ‘transgender education’ plan after massive protests

[Chile]
Chile’s Huilliche tribe: Born with two spirits
The southern Indigenous Chilean tribe celebrate gender diverse people, even if the Catholic Church have tried to stamp it out of them

[Argentina]
This Is The Deadliest Region In The World For Trans People
On the evening of October 13, 2015, Diana Sacayán, a prominent Argentine transgender activist, was found dead in her bedroom with multiple stab wounds. Sacayán was heavily involved in the transgender rights movement in Argentina, having successfully pushed for a law establishing transgender employment quotas in the provincial government of Buenos Aires.

[Argentina]
Morón y Lanús son los primeros en adherir a la ley provincial de cupo trans
Los dos municipios se convirtieron el pasado viernes en los dos primeros en adherir a la ley provincial de cupo trans sancionada en septiembre del año pasado, dado que sus concejos deliberantes aprobaron las resoluciones correspondientes para que también en esas administraciones públicas el 1% de los puestos laborales sean ocupados por personas transgéneros, travestis y transexuales.

          Comment on CHSR 97.9FM Top 30 Album Chart – March 26, 2017 to April 1, 2017 by Ed Durocher        
Thanks for the spins guys! I guess Apollo Suns is going to make a stop in Fredericton on our East Coast tour!
          Metro Operator, Gold, Line, Blue Line, 110 Fwy, HSR and more...        
We are working on updating our blog template, please visit http://paper.li/metrolibrary/paperli for today's edition of the Los Angeles Transportation Headlines.

--Metro Transportation Research Library Staff 

          Purple Line Subway, Westside Congestion, CAHSR Funding, Transit Tax Legislation, Bridge Infrastructure, SanBAG, BUR, LGB, SCIG & More        
Improvements are coming to the Los Angeles Transportation Headlines. You will see the same great content in a new, more visual and easily readable format.

These changes are scheduled to take place Monday, June 17, 2013.  For more information on these changes, please visit our Primary Resources Blog.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

Active Living For All Ages: Creating Neighborhoods Around Transit (accompanied by video report)
AARP Blog

All The Details On Purple Line Subway Work, Starting Next Year
Curbed LA

Analyzing The Effects Of Transit Network Change On Agency Performance And Riders In A Decentralized, Small-To-Mid-Sized US Metropolitan Area: A Case Study Of Tallahassee, Florida (232p. PDF)
Mineta Transportation Institute

Angelenos Get Their Say About Wilshire Subway (video : "MTA is moving forward with plans to dig a tunnel for the Wilshire subway to the Westside next year. But first, officials have given the public a chance to learn more about the digging plans.")
NBC Los Angeles

Big Detour Urged For Rail Funds ("A California congressman thinks billions of dollars in federal funds should be spent on high-speed rail -- just not in his state.")

Read more here: http://www.sacbee.com/2013/06/10/5484181/big-detour-urged-for-rail-funds.html#storylink=cpy"
Sacramento Bee

Bill To Protect Transit From Terrorists Passes House Of Representatives
San Francisco Examiner

Bi-Partisan Lawmakers Push Permanent Tax Equality For Transit Commuters
StreetsBlog DC
Reps. Grimm, McGovern, King, Bluemenauer Introduce Transit Parity Act To Protect Tax Benefits For Public Transportation Commuters
U.S. Congressman Michael Grimm (R-N.Y.)

Bytes And Bikes: Is A Smart Bicycle Revolution Afoot?
Smart Planet

California Tops List Of States With Water Infrastructure Needs ("California could use $44.5 billion to fix aging water systems over the next two decades, according to an EPA assessment. Texas and New York are next in line.")
Los Angeles Times

Chances Are 1 In 9 That The Bridge You're Crossing Has Been Deemed Structurally Or Otherwise Deficient By The Government
KPCC Southern California Public Radio

Come Fly With Me: The Reinvention Of Waiting At Long Beach Airport
KCET

Despite A Lot More People And Cars, California's Air Is Cleaner ("The state's strict vehicle emissions standards have made a significant difference, a study finds. The amount of organic nitrates in Southern California's air chemistry has also changed for the better.")
Los Angeles Times

Don't Like The Color Of The Sky? Blame It On What's In Your Garage
Las Vegas Sun

Editorial: Battle To Stop California Bullet Train Shifts To The East
Los Angeles Daily News

Environmentalists, City Of Long Beach, Air Regulators All File CEQA Challenges To Proposed Rail Transfer Yard
KPCC Southern California Public Radio

For Regional Connector, Metro Wants Things To Go Bump In The Night ("Agency Seeks Permission for 24-Hour Construction Work, and not Everyone Is Happy.")
Los Angeles Downtown News

Foxx Nears Vote For US Transportation Secretary
Associated Press via CBS Charlotte

Free Public Transit? A Thought Experiment
Sustainable Cities Collective

Google Close To Buying Waze For $1.3 Billion
Mashable

Gritty Wharf At Port Of L.A. Will Become Marine Research Center ("Plans call for City Dock 1, opened in 1913, to be converted into a nexus of laboratories and classrooms, fish hatcheries and berths for research vessels.")
Los Angeles Times

How L.A. Can Fix Its Iconic Eyesores (video)
KCET

How To Calm The Urban Parking Wars
Slate

Inspection Costs Rise Again For Bob Hope Airport ("The transportation center tally has mounted to $2.15 million.")
Burbank Leader

Letters: By Golly, Why Not An L.A. Trolley?
Los Angeles Times

Metro Recommends Contractor (And $160 Million More) For Crenshaw Line
Los Angeles Times

Mexico Meets Eastside: Ruminations On Buses, Metro, Bicycles And Swap Meets
StreetsBlog LA

MTA Bus Yard Development
Venice Paper

New Bradley Terminal At LAX To Open For Public Previews
Daily Breeze

Orange Line Expansion Wins Architectural Award
Northridge Patch

Perris Valley Line: Environmental Group Says It's Not Trying To Kill Project
Riverside Press-Enterprise

Petition Could Powerfully Promote "Complete Streets" ("US Department of Transportation (DOT) officials would consider a change in the way they classify thoroughfares — to the benefit of pedestrians, bicyclists, and transit users — but they need political support.")
Better Cities & Towns

Renewable Energy Guide For Highway Maintenance Facilities (248p. PDF)
National Cooperative Highway Research Program

RTA Offers Free Bus Passes
Riverside Press-Enterprise

Riders Try Out [D.C.] Metro's New Stainless Steel Fare Gates
Washington Post

SanBAG Elects Bill Jahn As New President, L. Dennis Michael As VP
San Bernardino Sun

Santa Clarita Transit To Offer Shuttles To Santa Monica
KHTS

Santa Monica Considers Expanding TDM Policies With Stronger Policies & Including New Residential
StreetsBlog LA

Study: FRA Regulations Make Us Less Safe
StreetsBlog DC
Reducing Passenger Train Procurement Costs: The FRA's Outmoded Safety Regulations Should Be Repealed (7p. PDF)
Competitive Enterprise Institute

Three Groups File Suit Against Port Of Los Angeles Rail Yard Project
Daily Breeze

"Transit" Might Not Be Essential To Transit-Oriented Development
The Atlantic: Cities
Does TOD Need The T?: On The Importance Of Factors Other Than Rail Access (link to full-text PDF)
Journal Of The American Planning Association

Westside Development Fuels Debate Over Growth -- Smart Or Otherwise ("Opponents say the Casden West L.A. project would add to congestion near the 405 Freeway; proponents say the plan for 638 apartments, stores is socially responsible.")
Los Angeles Times

When Camels Came To Los Angeles ("Arriving in town January 8, 1858, the humped and hoofed animals represented an ambitious U.S. government experiment to introduce the so-called “ship of the desert” to the arid lands of the American Southwest. They arrived under the supervision of Edward Fitzgerald Beale, a surveyor under contract with the War Department to open a new road between Texas and Southern California.")
LA as Subject via Los Angeles Magazine


What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Dailyour online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Sourceyour window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.

          Blue Line, Monrovia Gold Line, 405 Progress, Car-Free L.A., Foothill Transit, LB Transit, 57/60 Interchange, SCIG, ONT, CAHSR & More        
A Big City Growth Revival?
Brookings

Bike Culture: Not As White As You Think
Slate

California's High-Speed Rail Meets Opposition Over Eminent Domain
Transportation Nation

Caltrans To Be Subject Of Independent Review ("The state hired an expert group called State Smart Transportation Initiative to assess the department that oversees California's vast transportation network.")
KPCC Southern California Public Radio

Chairman Of House Transportation Committee Gets First-Hand Look At 57/60 Freeway Interchange
San Gabriel Valley Tribune

Editorial: Put People First To Improve Railyard Project
Los Angeles Daily News

Editorial: The 405 In The Rear-View Mirror ("The freeway widening project has been fraught with problems. There's plenty of blame to go around — and lessons to be learned.")
Los Angeles Times

Federal Railroad Administration Budget "Highlight" Of USDOT Spending Plan, Szabo Says
Progressive Railroading

Foothill Transit To Transition To In-House Management
Mass Transit

Garcetti's Mayoral Win Could Reopen Negotiations For LA/Ontario International Control
Daily Breeze

The Geographic Footprints Of The World's Biggest Bike-Share Networks
The Atlantic: Cities

L.A. Is A Top American City For Living Car-Free?
LA Weekly

L.A. To Create Consolidated Planning Department
Los Angeles Business Journal

LB Transit Announces Summer Schedule And Museum Express Program
Everything Long Beach

Long Beach Politician Pushing For A Cleaner, Safer Blue Line
Curbed LA
A Better Metro Blue Line
Robert Garcia, Long Beach Vice Mayor

Monrovia Gold Line Station Artwork To Honor Town's Architectural History With Craftsman Tiles
Pasadena Star-News

More Than 250 Communities Say "Trains Matter" On National Train Day (3p. PDF)
Amtrak News Release

My Map Or Yours? ("Google’s plan to personalize maps could end public space as we know it.")
Slate

One Santa Fe Adds Height To The A.D.
Downtown Muse

Opinion: Would You Ride A California Bullet Train Built On The Cheap? Opinion
Los Angeles Daily News

Poll Finds Transportation Infrastructure Investment Seen As Core Function Of Federal Government
For Construction Pros

sbX Work Moves Forward At CSUSB, Downtown
OmniNews

SFMTA Launches Customer Friendly Website
SFMTA Press Release

Study: Employer Support For Transit Is Surging Locally But Fractured Nationally (3p. PDF)
Good Jobs First Press Release
Bosses For Buses: U.S. Employers Supporting Public Transit (55p. PDF)
Good Jobs First

Ten Of The Best Urbanism Blogs On Tumblr
This Big City

Tough House Hearing For High-Speed Rail Project ("It looks like supporters of the California High Speed Rail project took a verbal beating Tuesday as the U.S. House Transportation Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines and Hazardous Materials held a field hearing in Madera.")
Political Blotter

Transit Agency Doing Survey ("The Riverside Transit Agency is looking for feedback on how its doing and how services might be improved.")
Riverside Press-Enterprise

Trucking Continues As Dominant Freight Transportation Mode
Trucking Info

Washington State Bridge Collapse Could Echo Far Beyond Interstate
New York Times

West Hollywood's Big La Brea Makeover Starts Next Month
Curbed LA


What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Dailyour online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Sourceyour window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.

          405 Lanes, Watts Blue Line, Union Station, Leimert Park, ARTIC, OC Rail, CAHSR Builder, OC Traffic, LA Pedways, SoCal Bridges, Bike Share Launches & More        
Americans' Views On Their Communities, Housing, And Transportation (60p. PDF : survey results)
Urban Land Institute
Press Release / Key Findings

Are Bridges In Southern California Safe?
KABC Los Angeles

Are Transportation Planning Reforms Coercive?
Planetizen

As US Population Shifts, DOT Pursues Livability
U.S. DOT Fast Lane Blog

Bay Bridge's Old Span Risky, Engineers Say
San Francisco Chronicle

Bike-Share Leads People To Ride Their Own Bikes More
StreetsBlog Network

Bike-Sharing Network Set To Debut In August
San Francisco Examiner

Bridges And U.S. Infrastructure Spending Are Falling: Is There A Link?
The Atlantic Wire

Builder Of 1st Phase Of California's Bullet Train Faces Scrutiny ("Tutor Perini Corp. is slated to start construction in the Central Valley in six weeks, but a member of Congress is concerned that the company scored low on design quality, safety and engineering.")
Los Angeles Times

California High-Speed Rail Challenge Will Move Forward
KALW

Citibike Debuts In New York City! (video)
StreetFilms

Clogged Traffic Getting Federal Look
Orange County Register

Congressmen Schiff, Sherman Push For Night Time Curfew At Valley Airports
KPCC Southern California Public Radio

Do We Suddenly Hate Driving? ("How does the data change the way we should think about infrastructure? Will millennials' driving behavior increase when, like me, they have to start carting children to baseball games and martial arts classes? Is there a business opportunity to be developed in the country's overall change in behavior? If driving continues to decline, how far would that go toward solving the infrastructure funding shortfall?")
National Journal Transportation Experts Blog

Editorial: In L.A., Polishing Up The Pedways ("Downtown's elevated pedestrian walkways need repair and protection from vandals. But where will the money come from?")
Los Angeles Times

Facing Criticism, CTA Cuts Some Fees For Its New Transit-Debit Card
CBS Chicago

First Stretch Of Carpool Lane Opens On Northbound 405 Freeway
Los Angeles Daily News

Foothill Transit Sheds Management Contract With Outside Firm
San Gabriel Valley Tribune

A Gateway To The Future: The Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center (31p. PDF : Industry Day Project Summary Briefing)
ARTIC
City Of Anaheim / ARTIC (4p. PDF : article)
Design Develop Construct Journal

Giving Science Center Parking To USC Could Hurt Museum, Some Say
Los Angeles Times

Growing Number Of Americans Going Carless
NBC News

A Homecoming Of Sorts For Watts Theater At Metro Rail Stations ("A Watts theater group performs for the 4th straight year under a Metro program that promotes the use of light rail, this time at 2 Blue Line stations in Watts.")
Los Angeles Times

How To Increase Bicycling For Daily Travel (9p. PDF)
Active Living Research

Infrastructure Needs More Than Love ("With so much agreement on the need for up-to-date infrastructure, why can't policymakers figure out how to support it adequately? Do states and the private sector need to step up? Is infrastructure worth going into debt for? Is it worth paying more taxes for? How much money is there, really, to be had from streamlining inefficiencies inside the government? What would it take to go from the current D+ rating we have now to a really, really high-tech and snazzy transportation network?")
National Journal Transportation Experts Blog

LA River Recreation Zone Opens This Memorial Day
KCET

LA Stoplights Synchronized But Road War Endures
Huffington Post

LA Union Station Master Plan: What Do You Think? Part 1 (video)
Metro via YouTube
Part 2 (video)

LACMTA Adopts FY14 Budget
RT&S

Lawmakers Will Determine Whether California's Clean Energy Research And Development Research Continues
Natural Resources Defense Council Switchboard Blog

Leimert Park Celebrates Plans For Rail Stop
NBC Southern California

Leimert Park Village Hails Victory Of Crenshaw Line Station
Los Angeles Times

Mayor-Elect Eric Garcetti Enters Office Amid Tempered Expectations ("He boldly promised to end homelessness and announced plans for a south-north transit line from Sherman Oaks to Sylmar.")
Los Angeles Daily News

Northern California's First Battery Buses Rolling Out
KCET

The Old "We Don't Need Bike Lanes Because Nobody Bikes Here" Nonsense
StreetsBlog Network

Pedicabs Are Finding A Place In The Southland Transportation Mix ("This summer, the bikes will be ferrying people around Santa Monica, and the human-powered cabs are being considered in L.A. San Diego and Long Beach already offer them as an alternative.")
Los Angeles Times

Planning Transportation Projects For Better Environmental Outcomes: A New Institutional Framework And Tools Makes It Easier (4p. PDF)
Transportation Research Board

Ports Of Long Beach, Los Angeles In Search Of Clean Air Technology Information
Long Beach Press-Telegram

Regional Transit Plan Has New Name, Uncertain Future ("The Eco-Rapid Transit plan, formerly known as the Orange Line, is moving slowly but still on track for construction to start in 2020 and be operational by 2027, some 14 years from now. But the fate of the $3 million, 2.3-mile bike and pedestrian path through Bellflower is uncertain.")
Los Angeles Wave

San Francisco Transit History: Website Explains Everything You Ever Wanted To Know About Muni
Huffington Post
San Francisco Transit: The Good, The Bad, The Quirky (Must-see infographics : "The history of San Francisco’s transit system can be traced back as far as 1873, when the first Cable Car began service. Tales of technological advances, natural disasters, political struggles, and triumphant celebrations color its 140-year history and shape it into a system today that’s uniquely diverse and uniquely San Francisco." Click "Explore" to begin)
A project by Fred Chasen, Raymon Sutedjo-The & Charles Wang

Torrance Rededicates Renovated Landmark Railroad Bridge
Daily Breeze

Trains Bump Along In U.S. With Repair Needs Outrunning Finances
Delaware Online

Uncovered Olympic Glories: Mural Restoration On The 101 Freeway
KCET

USC's Coliseum Take-Over Bid Slowed By Parking Lots
USC Annenberg Neon Tommy

U.S. Infrastructure Spending Has Plummeted Since 2008
Washington Post


What are transportation community leaders around the nation tweeting about today? Check out the Metro Library Twitter Dailyour online digest in newspaper format updated every day.

We invite you to visit Metro's The Sourceyour window to what's happening with agency news, funding and policy issues, and how to get the most out of transit and Los Angeles.

          Ø¯ÛŒØ¯Ú¯Ø§Ù‡â€ŒÙ‡Ø§ برای HSR با لیلا        
با سلام اینجانب بعنوان کارمند دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کردستان در مدیریت منابع فیزیکی و طرح های عمرانی نسبت به ارائه تحقیقات و طرحههای پزوهشی خودم و دانشجویان وهمکارانم در رشته معماری که به صورت بین رشته ای کار شده است، اعلام آمادگی می نمایم.
          æ–‡åŒ–講座2017年        
バンガロール日本語教師会(BNK)は下記の通り南インド文化講座を開講いたします。 バンガロール在住の日本人を対象にインド人講師が南インドの文化をわかりやすく日本語で説明します。 インド人と相互に理解を深め創造的な関係を構築できるよう、またより深くインドに親しむため、 是非この講座をご活用ください。 ****記******* <日時 トピック> ※2016年秋期開催と同内容の講座となります。 ①2017年1月19日(木)11:00~13:00「宗教と祭り」 ②2017年2月14日(火)11:00~13:00「食」 ③2017年3月3日(金)11:00~13:00「衣」 ④2017年3月23日(木)11:00~13:00「社会」 <場所> Bangalore Nihongo Kyooshi-kai, #1213,1st floor, 22nd Cross, HSR Club Road, HSR Layout Sector 3, Bangalore 560102 <定員> 先着10名様 ※4名で遂行(開催できない場合は前日までに連絡致します) <受講料> ₨500/ 一回 <申込締切> 開催日2日前 ※定員になり次第締め切り <申込方法> ①参加者名 ②連絡先 ③どの回に参加かをBNKまたは小江f宛てにご連絡ください。
          Change in Venue for Seminar-16th & 17th December        
The address is as below: Anexas Consultancy, (Anexas Training Centre) 111, 1st Floor,  17th B Main, Sector 4,  HSR Layout,  Bangalore 560102   Landmarks:  1. Freedom International School                        
          Teen Patti Apps, Tips, Tricks, Hints, Cheats and more        

 Teen Patti App size – 8.7M App Last Updated – July 2, 2015 Number of Installs Till Date – 100,000 – 500,000 Teen Patti App Current Version – 1.5.4 Supported Android version – 2.3 and up Official Website – http://www.tiddagames.com/ Support email for Teen Patti – support@tiddagames.com Address – No 514, Sector 3, HSR Layout, […]

The post Teen Patti Apps, Tips, Tricks, Hints, Cheats and more appeared first on Appsgare.


          Men's Wearhouse Announces Termination of HSR Act Waiting Period        
FREMONT, Calif., May 30, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- The Men's Wearhouse (NYSE: MW) today announced that the Federal Trade Commission has granted termination of the waiting period under the Hart-Scott-Rodino Antitrust Improvements Act of 1976, as amended, ("HSR Act") applicable to Men's...
          ÐšÐ°ÑÑ‚ом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark Cannon        
Кастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark Cannon

Тайваньские мастера "Rough Crafts" представили новый проект — чоппер Softail Rocker Dark Cannon. В то время как многие кастомайзеры пытаются найти баланс между эстетикой и функциональностью, Уинстон Йе и его команда двигаются только сторону стиля. Их новый мотоцикл смотрится очень круто, причем Уинстон переделывал Харлей для себя. Проект стартовал, когда один из Спортстеров Уинстона выиграл чемпиона мира AMD. Тот кастом комплектовался параллелограммной вилкой, которую Уинстон производит как аксессуар. В данном случае цель заключалась в том, чтобы сделать подобный байк, но уже на базе Софтейла. После нескольких лет размышлений Уинстон нашел мотоцикл Harley-Davidson FXCWC Softail Rocker C 2009, который стал отправной точкой.

Детали проекта:

— параллелограммная вилка
— 23-дюймовое переднее колесо Roland Sands Design Morris Black Ops + прототип слика Dunlop
— заднее колесо Rough Crafts 15×7 с драговой резиной Mickey Thompson ET
— тормозные диски Lyndall, 4-поршневые суппорты ISR
— задний амортизатор Progressive Suspension
— карбюратор Mikuni HSR 45
— первичный привод Performance Machine
— воздушный фильтр Rough Crafts
— выхлоп Rough Crafts
— коробка скоростей Baker DD7
— изготовленный вручную топливный бак Rough Crafts
— крылья Rough Crafts
— модифицирован стандартный маслобак
— детали из каталога Rough Crafts: светотехника, руль, райзеры, ручки, крышки, крышка бака, седло
— органы управления Performance Machine/Rough Crafts
— подножки Arlen Ness

Кастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark CannonКастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark CannonКастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark CannonКастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark CannonКастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark CannonКастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark CannonКастом Rough Crafts Softail Rocker Dark Cannon


Постоянный адрес публикации: bikepost.ru
          Ð§Ð¾Ð¿Ð¿ÐµÑ€ Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997        
Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997

Многие кастом-байки создаются только ради шоу, поэтому ездить на них невозможно или возможно с большим дискомфортом. В принципе, победить на шоу может любой кастом-мотоцикл независимо от назначения. В данном случае предлагаю рассмотреть ездового чемпиона — чоппер «69».

Кастом 69 — проект специалистов «Rag Bag Machines». В качестве донора они использовали мотоцикл Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997, сохранив конструкцию передней (спрингер) и задней подвески (софтейл). Ребята немного переделали раму, чтобы избавиться от недостатков стокового шасси, добавили несколько новых кронштейнов для крепления самодельных баков (масляный и топливный) и различных тюнинговых аксессуаров.

Спецификация:

  • владелец: Андре Фрай
  • создатель: Rag Bag Machines
  • время постройки: 8 месяцев
  • награды: лучший кастом швейцарского мотошоу
  • донор: HD FXSTS
  • модель: Harley Softail Springer
  • мотор: Harley 1997
  • карбюратор: Mikuni HSR 42
  • фильтр: Rebuffini
  • выхлоп: BSL
  • коробка передач: 5 скоростей
  • привод: BDL
  • амортизаторы: Progressive Suspension
  • вилка: спрингер (+50 мм в высоту)
  • колеса: Performance Machine Heathen Contrast Cut размеры: 3.5×18 (спереди), 6 X 17” (сзади)
  • резина: Avon 120-70.18’ и Avon 170-60/17
  • тормоза: PM
  • диски: Rick’s
  • ручки: PM
  • седло: Rag Bag Machines
  • баки: Rag Bag Machines


Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997Чоппер Rag Bag Machines 69 на базе Harley-Davidson FXSTS Softail Springer 1997


Постоянный адрес публикации: bikepost.ru
          Singapore to Johor Baru MRT service to start by end-2024        
Rapid transit link will join Thomson-East Coast Line and is set to reduce congestion
By Royston Sim, Assistant Political Editor In Iskandar Puteri, Johor, The Straits Times, 1 Aug 2017

Passengers will be able to hop on an MRT train in Woodlands to cross the border to Johor Baru by Dec 31, 2024.

The Rapid Transit System (RTS) Link can carry up to 10,000 passengers an hour in each direction between Johor's Bukit Chagar terminus station and the Singapore terminus in Woodlands North, where it will join the upcoming Thomson-East Coast Line (TEL).

It is slated to improve connectivity and reduce congestion at border crossings between Singapore and Malaysia when completed.

The new starting date for the line was announced in a joint statement yesterday after the 13th meeting of the Malaysia-Singapore Joint Ministerial Committee for Iskandar Malaysia, co-chaired by Malaysia's Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Abdul Rahman Dahlan and Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure Khaw Boon Wan, who is also Transport Minister.

Also present were Johor Menteri Besar Khaled Nordin, National Development Minister Lawrence Wong and senior officials from both countries.

Officials have agreed to jointly appoint an operating company to run and maintain the RTS Link's operating systems, which include its trains, tracks and signalling system.



Singapore has invited SMRT Corp to be part of the joint venture, while Malaysia has asked Prasarana Malaysia, whose subsidiary runs an MRT line through the Klang Valley in Kuala Lumpur. Both operators are negotiating terms for the joint venture, which will have a first concession period of 30 years.

Each government will also appoint an infrastructure company to fund, build, own, maintain and upgrade the civil infrastructure and stations in their own countries.

When asked, Mr Khaw reiterated that fares will not be regulated but driven by market forces.

Similar to the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail line, the RTS Link will have a joint Customs, immigration and quarantine facility at both terminus stations. This means international-bound travellers will need to clear Customs and immigration only once, when departing from the respective countries.

The daily shuttle train service from Woodlands to Johor Baru will stop operating within six months after the RTS Link opens. It has been running 26 daily trips since June 1 to cope with higher demand, and Mr Khaw said the frequency will go up to 36 trips in the next few years.



He noted that the Woodlands Checkpoint can be redeveloped after the shuttle service ends and land is freed up. "Then, hopefully, this problem of the Causeway jam can be significantly mitigated or even eliminated," he added.

During the meeting, officials also discussed the high-speed rail line, immigration, industrial cooperation and the environment.

An agreement on the cross- border MRT line is expected to be signed by the end of this year.

The RTS Link was announced in May 2010, with the target completion date set for 2018.



In 2015, Malaysia chose Bukit Chagar as the main terminal station for the 4km line, which will use the same rail systems and rolling stock as the 31-station TEL. The TEL will open in phases from 2019 to 2024.

Trains will ply between both terminus stations via a 25m-high bridge across the Strait of Johor.

Commuters like Mr Lee Chee Hua are looking forward to RTS Link.

The 66-year-old retiree visits Johor Baru at least once a month to eat and shop. "It will be more convenient and seamless than going via the Woodlands train checkpoint."




















Johor Baru-Singapore Rapid Transit System Link's first step: Terms for joint venture firm
This will allow bilateral deal for link to be signed by the year end, says Khaw
By Royston Sim, Assistant Political Editor In Iskandar Puteri (Johor) and Adrian Lim, Transport Correspondent, The Straits Times, 1 Aug 2017

The terms for a joint venture company to operate the cross-border MRT system between Woodlands and Johor must be agreed on "within the next few months", Coordinating Minister for Infrastructure and Minister for Transport Khaw Boon Wan said yesterday.

This is so that a bilateral agreement to finalise details for the Rapid Transit System (RTS) link can be signed by the end of this year, when the two countries' leaders meet for their annual retreat.

The agreement will include the amount of concession fees the operating company has to pay the authorities, which can be finalised only after rail operators SMRT and Prasarana Malaysia agree on terms to form the joint venture.

Speaking to reporters after a joint ministerial meeting on Iskandar Malaysia, Mr Khaw said both Singapore and Malaysia had agreed to negotiate with an experienced operator to run the line.

Singapore's preference has always been to call an international tender and award the contract to the best bid, he noted.

"But after discussing with our Malaysian counterparts, they felt the project is a little bit too small and may not have competitive bids," he said. Both sides thus agreed to jointly appoint an operating company for the first 30 years.

Both governments welcome the negotiations between SMRT and Prasarana, said Mr Khaw.

"Hopefully, they can reach an agreement on how to structure the joint venture, and we can then begin negotiating the first concession terms with them," he said.

Asked why SMRT was invited to form the joint venture, he noted that Singapore has only two rail operators - SMRT and SBS Transit.

" So we leave it to them to discuss with the Malaysian partner who is most keen on this project," he said, adding that based on preliminary discussions, SMRT and Prasarana seem to "have a good fit".

SMRT spokesman Patrick Nathan said: "If successfully appointed, SMRT looks forward to serving the growing transportation needs between Johor Baru and Singapore."

Yesterday, officials also discussed the Kuala Lumpur-Singapore High Speed Rail (HSR) line which will be ready in 2026, and noted an industry briefing earlier this year on an upcoming tender for an assets company received strong interest. The tender will be called by the end of this year.



National Development Minister Lawrence Wong said agencies have been doing detailed masterplans for Jurong and Woodlands - the respective sites for the HSR and RTS stations here. "Both these centres will become commercial centres for businesses because they have good connectivity. They will be ideal for businesses with Asia, Asean and Malaysian linkages."

Singapore Institute of Technology Assistant Professor (engineering cluster) Andrew Ng said the target completion date of 2024 for the RTS link may be achievable, barring any coordination and cooperation issues between both countries.

Dr Mustafa Izzuddin of the ISEAS - Yusof Ishak Institute said it is imperative for the RTS link to take off as it "illustrates that the close bilateral cooperation between Malaysia and Singapore has not been taken hostage by domestic political exigencies".

Officials noted the progress on the rollout of automated immigration clearance systems at the land checkpoints. They also welcomed the upcoming signing of a memorandum of understanding to establish Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve and Pulau Kukup Ramsar as "sister wetlands".

A joint programme will be launched this year to attract more visitors to both nature sites.






















* Johor Sultan questions curved design and height of RTS Link
The Straits Times, 9 Aug 2017

MERSING • The Sultan of Johor has expressed serious reservations about the proposed curved design of the Rapid Transit System (RTS) Link between Malaysia and Singapore, and the plans to build an elevated bridge for it.

Sultan Ibrahim Sultan Iskandar said he welcomed the project, but the curved design of the rail link between Woodlands in Singapore and Bukit Chagar in Johor Baru was impractical, unsustainable and potentially costly.

"Why do we have to have a curved design when we can have a more practical design that is straighter and closer to the Causeway?" he said in an exclusive interview with Malaysia's New Straits Times (NST)."I am proposing that the design be aligned as such for practicality and it will cost less," he said.

He also questioned the need for an elevated bridge.

"Why do they need an elevated bridge with up to 30m air draft (clearance height from water to a vessel's height) unless there are plans to remove the Causeway?" he said. "It disrupts the city skyline, and we are talking about a permanent fixture here. Go back to the drawing board and review the overall plan."

The Sultan proposed that the bridge be at the same height as the Causeway, or just slightly elevated.

"The parties also have to consult me. Whatever (new plan) is presented to me, it will have to be logical, economical and sustainable for the benefit of not only Johoreans but all Malaysians and Singaporeans," he was quoted as saying.



According to The Star news site, the Johor state government yesterday voiced its support for the Sultan. Mentri Besar Mohamed Khaled Nordin said: "We have taken note of Tuanku's views and we support it and will forward the suggestions to Kuala Lumpur."

Minister in the Prime Minister's Department Rahman Dahlan, in a statement yesterday, explained that the RTS project and alignment are based on a series of extensive discussions and studies over several years, which has been agreed with the Singapore Government. "We acknowledge the issues and concerns raised by His Royal Highness ... and will seek an immediate audience with His Royal Highness as soon as the palace has confirmed the date," he said.

Sultan Ibrahim said he would raise his concerns over the RTS Link's design at a meeting with Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong next month, and would convey key points of that discussion to the Malaysian government and the media.

A spokesman for Singapore's Ministry of Transport said yesterday: "Singapore is committed to the RTS Link project, and we have been discussing its various aspects with the Malaysian government since 2010, through the Joint Ministerial Committee on Iskandar Malaysia." The RTS Link is intended to improve connectivity and reduce congestion at border crossings between Singapore and Malaysia.

Both countries have agreed to jointly appoint an operating company to run and maintain the cross-border line's operating systems, with Singapore's SMRT Corp and Malaysia's Prasarana being invited to be part of the venture.

In the interview, Sultan Ibrahim said the Johor government should undertake a joint venture with Singapore. "The project is entirely in Johor; so why should Prasarana be involved? Let the Johor government and Singapore have a joint venture and I can raise funds if need be," he said.










Related
Malaysia and Singapore Strengthen Bilateral Cooperation and Reaffirm Commitment towards Iskandar Malaysia’s Development

          Good Clinical Practice and Investigator Responsibilities in Human Subjects Research        
The session will focus on the principles of Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and how they apply practically in the day-to-day operation, management, and conduct of Human Subjects Research. The session will further discuss means to develop and implement basic oversight capabilities to maximize quality data, regulatory compliance, and human subject safety. This workshop will count as in-person credit for PI HSR recertification. To register, visit http://lms14.learnshare.com/l.aspx?CID=89&A=2&T=587495    
          Comment on A generational failure: As the U.S. fantasizes, the rest of the world builds a new transport system by Thomas Dorsey        
Garl Boyd Latham, an accurate assessment of Obama's HSR proposals is that they were half-visionary. Obama was visionary on: Florida 185 mph HSR project California 220-mph HSR project Obama was sufficient on: Chicago-St. Louis 110 mph upgrade & more frequency Chicago-Detroit 110 mph upgrade & more frequency Obama fell short on: Choosing to fund only 24 miles of 200 mph-capable track in New Jersey, instead of 117 miles of Newark-Philadelphia-Wilmington 200 mph-capable track by 2018. That would have triggered more political demand finish the HSR-only track & bridge upgrades for Newark-New York City and for Wilmington-Baltimore-Washington Choosing to fund Milwaukee-Madison, Chicago-Quad Cities, Cleveland-Columbus-Cincinnati, Seattle-Portland, Boston-Portland (ME), and Washington-Richmond-Norfolk 79 mph upgrades instead of: Upgrading Chicago to a Pass-thru Hub station Upgrading Milwaukee-Chicago-South Bend-Toledo-Cleveland-Youngstown-Pittsburgh-Harrisburg for 110 mph & more frequency
          WOLF SPORT CAMPEON DE LA DIMAFUSA        

Campeón, campeón, fue el grito que se escuchó la noche del viernes cuando el plantel de Wolf Sport, de La Paz logró el título de la División Mayor de Fútbol de Salón (Dimafusa) en una jornada complicada que supo sacar adelante ante una inusual expectativa, ya que después de varios años el coliseo cerrado Julio Borelli Viteritto volvió a quedar chico ante tal cantidad de público. El ganador de la final sometió al elenco orureño Laboratorio VHSR por 4-3.
          Trimble and @Road Announce Expiration of HSR Waiting Period        
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          Sunday Train: Quiet Progress Edition One ~ Superelevation & Cant Deficiency        
Burning the Midnight Oil for Living Energy Independence

I've mentioned several times that there are lots of Federal Rail Authority regulations that are impediments to developing sustainable transport in the United States.

One of these is in the area of "superelevation" and "cant deficiency". Superelevation is the term used in railroading for the degree of banking provided in a turn. Just as banking a turn on a road makes it possible to take the turn at a higher speed more safely, banking the track on a railroad line makes it possible to take a turn at higher speed more safely. In US rail, its measured in the inches of the higher rail above level.

And it might seem minor technical details, but this is really critical for how much new passenger transport we can get out of our existing rail alignments for how much money.
The Basic Terms: Superelevation, Cant Excess, Cant Deficiency

When a track is "cambered", that is to say banked in this way, there is a speed at which weight is evenly distributed between the two tracks.

At a lower speed, more of the weight is placed on the lower track. This is called "cant excess", which is how much the bank would have to be reduced for the load to be balanced.

At a higher speed, more of the weight is placed on the higher track, which is "cant deficiency", or how much more the upper track would have to be raised for the weight to be balanced.

Now, suppose that you have a single track that is only being lightly used by freight, and you want to take advantage of that by adding some passing track ~ say 1 mile of passing track on average for each 5 miles of track ~ to increase the capacity of the corridor to maintain the same freight train capacity and add the capacity to support passenger trains.

Now, how fast is the freight going? If this is a mainline corridor running through fairly flat terrain, carrying a large number of fairly time-sensitive freight containers from a sea port to some inland rail yard (to be hauled away by truck to the loading dock that is the final destination of the shipment), it might be rolling along at 60mph.

But suppose that its a bulk load of coal, granite, timber or any of the other high weight, low cost per ton freight tasks that are in the US travel largely by rail. It might be trundling along at 20mph. And if 20mph has a substantial cant excess, that means a lot of that up to 33 US short tons per axle load is being carried by the lower track.

Now, consider an Express intercity passenger train that we want to bring through. Since we want it to be time-competitive with Interstate driving ~ better if feasible ~ we'd like that train to be running as close to 110mph as possible.

20mph, 60mph, 110mph ~ there is no superelevation that will be anywhere close to balanced for all three. And if the heaviest freight is the slowest, if the track is superelevated at the ideal level for Express Intercity passenger trains, the result will be massive increases in wear and tear on the track because of the cant excess for slow speed freight.

Well, if you have to build that common track to avoid too much cant excess for slow speed traffic, then in turn the speed limit on the Express Intercity train through the curve depends upon the allowed amount of cant deficiency.

And if you have a choice, you put the passing track in a segment with more than the normal number of curves, so that you can superelevate that as an Express track and allow the slow, heavy freight trains to run on track with less camber.


What is it that Tilt-Trains Do?

Tilt-trains effectively act to add extra camber to passenger car. This is important in that the speed that the train can safely operate on the track normally includes speeds that will throw the passengers around inside the train.

While it is partly a physical problem ~ it is also a regulatory problem.

That is, an important part of allowed cant deficiency is the matter of what lateral force passengers are permitted to experience by regulation. Since the most common European standard is 50% higher than the US standard ~ or at least, what I thought was the US standard ~ the allowable speed of the same tilt-train through a curve with the exact same curvature is substantially higher than Europe than it is in the United States.

Now, there is more to this than just the allowed lateral force passengers are permitted to experience: there is also the matter of the weight of the train. A train with 33 US short tons per axle (a common mainline maximum in the US) is putting 16.5 US short tons per wheel on the track when operating in perfect balance. A train with 25 US short tons per axle (a common European mainline maximum), is only putting 16.5 US short tons per wheel on the upper track at a cant deficiency when 66% of the weight is carried on the elevated track. And a train with 20 US short tons per axle (a shade over the maximum weight of many European and Japanese Express HSR sets), is only putting 16.5 US short tons per wheel on the upper track at a cant deficiency with 82% of the weight carried on the elevated track.

So while allowed lateral force is an important element of operating speed through curves, the weight of the train is also an important element, as noted by German rail enthusiast Hans-Joachim Zierke, in looking at the opportunities for an Emerging HSR corridor connecting California and the Pacific Northwest via the Shasta Route (and note that this is an unfinished project), when presenting the following example of the impact of FRA regulation on operating speed limits in the US:

The highest curve speeds in the USA are achieved by the Acela Express. For the track between New Haven and Boston, it has a waiver for operation at 7 inches of unbalanced superelevation. This means, that the Acela is allowed to use the same curve speed as non-tilting TGVs (or multiple units) in France.

Adding results to the comparison on page 4 gives the following table therefore:

? curve radius superelevation speed limit 1
Amtrak Cascades, tilting 1000 feet 4 inches 48 mph
TGV, non-tilting 1000 feet 4 inches 53 mph
Acela Express, tilting 1000 feet 4 inches 53 mph
Baureihe 411 EMU 1000 feet 4 inches 63 mph

... In the USA, trains like the type 411 EMU are not allowed to operate. US regulations require a very high carbody strength for political reasons, which adds several tons of weight to a vehicle. If this mass is added to a European tilting EMU or DMU, it is no longer safe to operate at 11.8 inches of unbalanced superelevation, because the maximum safe axleload is exceeded.

The Acela Express is built to these strength standards. It is nearly double as heavy as European or Japanese tilting trains.  Instead of restricting the axleload to 16 tons or less, the powercars weigh 25 tons per axle. No safety authority would allow values like those for the German 411 or 610 for this train, because the forces at the wheel-rail contact point would be too high for safe operation.

As a result, the "Acela Express" looses about half an hour between New York and Boston, compared to best practice in tilting train usage. (It also looses at least half an hour, compared to the calculations of US railroad engineers in the 1960s.) If this half hour of running time from New York to Boston needs to be cutted away by infrastructure investment instead, a three-digit number of millions in additional public investment will be needed at least. A similar situation will be found with almost all upgrade projects for curvy track.

In the US, the standard allowed cant deficiency of passenger rail has been set by, first, the safe operating limits of the train itself and, second, by the amount of lateral force placed on the passenger inside the train. In practice, the second is the main constraint, and this results in a much lower allowed amount of cant deficiency in the US than in Europe.

That is, even if tilt trains were acquired that were safe to operate at extremely high cant deficiencies, and which were allowed in Europe to operate at those high cant deficiencies, the existing regulations in the US would have substantially reduced the speed limit going through a curve.


The Importance of Speed Limits Through Curves

To get an idea of the importance of speed limits through curves, consider the diagram to the right. This is the modeling results (pdf) of the operating speed along the 110mph of the planned Ohio Hub 3C corridor.

When the line drops all the way down to 0mph, that is, of course, a stop at a station. However, you can see all the notches where the train slows down to take a curve at a slower speed.

Consider one of the notches where speed has to be dropped down to 40mph. In the speed profile, notice that most of the time is spent dropping down from 110mph to 40mph and accelerating from 40mph to 110mph.

That is, of course, a route profile, not a trip time profile. When we think about the average speed of the service, the slowest sections of a route loom the largest.

Consider, for example, a train that runs 50 miles at 40mph and 50 miles at 110mph. A simple average of the two speeds is 75mph. But the slow section requires 1.25 hrs while the fast section requires 0.46hrs, which is a total of 100mile in 1.71 hrs, or about 59mph. More of the time is spent at 40mph, so it looms larger in the average speed.

And consider the difference between accelerating the slower leg by 10mph and accelerating the fastest leg by 10mph:

  • 50 miles at 40mph and 50 miles at 120mph is 100 miles in 1.67 hrs, or ~60mph
  • 50 miles at 50mph and 50 miles at 110mph is 100 miles in 1.46hrs, or ~68mph

Given the importance of the amount of slow down required through curves, the table that Hans-Joachim Zierke shows represents the US tying one hand behind its back in the race with Europe and Japan to achieve sustainable transport.


However, the Regulations May Be Fixed

OK, now. Put yourself in my shoes. I am googling around for information on cant deficiency and Federal Rail Authority regulations in mid-November, when I stumble across the following notice in the Federal Register:

Vehicle/Track Interaction Safety Standards; High-Speed and High Cant Deficiency Operations
FRA is proposing to amend the Track Safety Standards and Passenger Equipment Safety Standards applicable to high-speed and high cant deficiency train operations in order to promote the safe interaction of rail vehicles with the track over which they operate. The proposal would revise existing limits for vehicle response to track perturbations and add new limits as well. The proposal accounts for a range of vehicle types that are currently used and may likely be used on future high-speed or high cant deficiency rail operations, or both. The proposal is based on the results of simulation studies designed to identify track geometry irregularities associated with unsafe wheel/rail forces and accelerations, thorough reviews of vehicle qualification and revenue service test data, and consideration of international practices.

I was even more excited when I looked at the details of the proposal, and found that both the allowed amount of superelevation and the allowed amount of cant deficiency were proposed to be increased.

While they were looking at the regulation, they noticed a flaw in the existing regulation, and restating the regulation in terms of a design target and an allowed tolerance raises the effective maximum superelevation of track to 7in.

There is a standing balance requirement on rolling stock, since it would be unsafe to operate a train that would be in danger of tipping over if it was necessary to come to an emergency stop, so its quite possible that not all rolling stock would be permitted to use a corridor that was superelevated for Express service ... but to me, you do not want every coal and granite train to qualify to enter an express bypass anyway.

For a curve with a 1000ft curve radius (which is a 5.75 degrees of curvature), under the old rules, outside of the North East Corridor, the best that could be reasonably expected would be 9" of combined camber, from 4" of superelevation of the track and an allowed 5" of cant deficiency, even with a tilt train. That means that the passenger service ~ even if its a tilt train ~ would be limited to 47mph through that curve. A freight train, which is limited to 3" of cant deficiency, and indeed all other trains limited to 3" cant deficiency, would be limited to 41mph (those are the ~40mph curves in the above speed profile).

Why is the Northeast Corridor singled out there? Because it was granted a waiver, that allowed both the Acela tilt train and the NEC Amtrak Regional trains to operate at a higher cant deficiency than generally allowed for.

Under the new rules, which would be nationwide, if an express section of track can be superelevated to 7", and a tilt train can operate with 8" of cant deficiency, that is 15" of combined camber, which would allow a express freight train to run at 49mph around the same curve, and a passenger tilt train to run at 61mph.

Indeed, one thing that this new regulation implies is that existing Amtrak services operating in mountainous terrain along "river routes" with the large number of curves that this implies can receive a substantial speed upgrade even before raising the top speed limit above 79mph. Also, Amtrak services that will be running on any segment of track upgraded for use by an Emerging HSR 110mph service will be in a position to take advantage of the higher speed track as soon as it is ready for service.


What Else Needs to be Done

Since what I have been reading is the rule proposal, but the final rule date is given as December 2010, I am not quite sure what has come of this, and due to broken links at the Federal Register, its a bit difficult to work out. That is something I am following up by email to the listed contact.

However, if anything like the proposed rule actually takes affect, this implies a substantial upgrade in the possibilities for using our existing rail corridors. Since this is being done by regulation rather than by waiver, it can be put to use across the board, rather in the piecemeal way implied by waivers of regulations. And since it is being done by regulation, it provides a standing target for the manufacturing of a new generation of more effective and efficient passenger train.

Of course, this is not everything. As Hans-Joachim Zierke notes, the "build it like a tank" approach to crash survival results in heavier trains, while the European and Japanese approach of "design the system to avoid crashes" results in lighter trains, and lighter trains are better able to take advantage of these new cant deficiency regulations than heavier trains.

But this is a good step. And its a first step that may well have been the result of a Republican Take-Over ... that is, in 2009 in the Department of Transportation, when Roy LaHood was made Secretary of Transportation and the eight year assault on rail transport by the Bush administration came to an end.


Midnight Oil ~ Kosciusko

Older than kosciusko
Darwin down to alice springs
Dealers in the clearinghouse
The settlements explode

High up in the homelands
Miners drive across the land
Encounter no resistance
When the people block the road

Old than kosciusko
Dry white seasons years ago
Darkness over charleville
The fires begin to glow

No end to the hostility
Now they wanna be somehwere else
No stranger to brutality
Now they'd like to be someone else
...


          Tempahan Pelanggan - Tisu Holder, remote control holder, Letterbox dan senduk - rm 6/8/2012        


 Tempahan dari Eita - Selangor

Kod: SSSV = rm 13.00 sebatang


Kod: RCHS = rm 50.00

Kod: BPSR = rm 39.00

Kod: THSR = rm 38.00

Tempahan dari Nurhayati (Sabah)


Tempahan dari Elic (Sabah)

          Pengangkutan Awam - Najib Perbaiki Dan Tidak Ikut Tradisi Tun Mahathir.         


Mengikut kenyataan terbaru Tun Mahathir , bahawa apa yang di laksana kan oleh DS Najib berkenaan pengangkutan awam ada lah hasil sinambungan kerja mula kan oleh nya.


Pada satu sudut , amat benar lah kenyataan Tun Mahathir ini.


Namun dari sudut lain DS Najib membuat kerja kerja pembaikan  pengangkutan awam tidak mengikut tradisi cara dan Tun Mahathir.


Sebenar nya sesiapa yang menjadi Perdana Menteri pasti sekali akan melakukan kerja kerja untuk rakyat tidak kira berkenaan pengangkutan awam mahu pun perkara lain.


Malah , jika Najib yang menjadi Perdana Menteri lebih awal juga akan melaksana kan kerja itu dan pasti sekali Tun Mahathir menjadi Perdana Menteri yang selepas nya juga akan “follow suit”. Ia lazim tugas Perdana Menteri.


Cuma berbeza antara Tun Mahathir dan DS Najib ada lah cara ia di laksana kan dan juga pendekatan di ambil.


Malah ketika Tun Mahathir menguruskan negara selama 22 tahun penduduk negara masih sekitar 18 juta orang dan ketika DS Najib mengambil alih penduduk Lembah Kelang sahaja sudah meningkat berkali ganda, apatah lagi penduduk seluruh negara yang kini mencecah 31 juta orang.


Juga , atas sebab Tun Mahathir ghairah mengejar impian “pet project” nya kilang kereta PROTON sebagai tumpuan nya , maka pengangkutan awam yang Tun Mahathir kata dia yang memula kan nya tidak lah begitu menonjol.


Boleh di kata kan zaman Tun lebih di tumpukan kepada penjualan kereta dari pengangkutawan awam.

Apa pun mungkin ia cara Tun Mahathir acknowledge kerja baik DS Najib.


Menurut tulisan seorang  penulis panel di “Talking Edge’ Ram Raslan juga boleh di baca pada tulisan nya betapa LRT yang di bina ketika Tun Mahathir menjadi Perdana Menteri kini menjadi tidak sesuai dan Ram turut menyatakan “building such a tiddly train system was unusual choice for a city that need to move million (people) every single day’




Bermakna pembinaan tidak melihat kepada keperluan masa hadapan.


Projek pengangkutan awam  Najib di lihat lebih berjaya dan rasional ada lah kerana ia berdasarkan laporan dan kajian pihak pihak tertentu sebelum di luluskan.


Tidak seperti projek di zaman Tun yang di ketahui sebagai ada sahaja kaitan dengan proksi atau kroni.


Pendek kata projek pengangkutan awam zaman Najib berpaksi kan rakyat, projek zaman Tun berpaksi kan kepentingan pihak tertentu.


Kesungguhan DS Najib dalam mahu meningkat kan taraf pengangkutan awam boleh di lihat dengan penubuhan Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD).

The commission was set up through the Public Land Transport Commission Act of 2010 which was passed by the Malaysian Parliament in May 2010. The commission's powers are derived from the Public Land Transport Act of 2010 which was passed at the same time. The Public Land Transport Act was gazetted on 3 June 2010, making it the official day of establishment of the Commission.



SPAD telah dimanahkan dengan tugasan memantau Rancangan Induk Pengangkutan Awam.


Hasil nya lihat lah BTS, sistem bas, peraturan teksi dan macam macam lagi.


Begitu lah serious nya Perdana Menteri DS Najib mahukan pengangkutan awam demi rakyat di laksana kan dengan kadar segera dan utama.


Malah pada pembinaan lebuhraya juga sudah terlihat DS Najib enggan ikut cara Tun Mahathir dengan ada sahaja kaitan kepada kroni dalam hal konsensi dan perjanjian yang di kata kan mebebankan rakyat.


Najib boleh membina lebuhraya tanpa ada tol seperti Pan-Borneo.


Jika hari ini Tun Mahathir menyatakan Najib hanya ambil alih dari hasil kerja nya, ia juga bermakna Tun mahu saham kejayaan dari hasil kerja DS Najib , maka ini tentu tiada masalah , sila lah tumpang kredit , tiada rugi pun pada hal ini.


Malah Tun pasti akan bertambah gembira apabila nanti siap Projek HSR dari Singapura untuk kegunaan rakyat.


Dan tentu sekali kerja kerja seimbangkan ekonomi dari hub selatan sama setaraf dengan pantai barat akan berjaya di lakjsana kan dengan terhasil line ECRL

Projek ini dikata kan akan merubah minda rakyat sekitar nya dan akan mengaktif kan ekonomi kawasan pantai timur dengan berlipat kali ganda.


Mobiliti rakyat akan ketara berubah dengan ujud nya rel line terbaru ini.



Projek ECRL Ini ada lah demi menambahkan opsyen pengangkutan kepada rakyat dan juga shifting ground kepada ekonomi sebelah timur pula setelah sekian lama bahagian pantai barat menikmati laluan tren.





Menurut pendapat seorang penyokong kerajaan LSS , banyak kepincangan berlaku ketika projek pengangkutan awam di laksana kan di zaman Tun Mahathir telah menemui kegagalan , cuma beza nya Tun terselamat kerana belum ada media sosial di zaman nya.




Contoh di beri seperti di bawah :-


1. KL Monorail line
- The privatized monorail project was approved in a cabinet meeting June 1989. Its cost was then estimated at RM 143 million. When eventually completed and opened, it cost RM1.18 billion in 2003.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2007 for RM882 million.
2. The Putra LRT line
- The privatized line started operations in 1998.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2002 for between RM4.5 billion to RM5.7 billion.
3. The STAR LRT line
- The privatized line started operations in 1996.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2002 for RM3.3 billion.
---
4. Intrakota Bus Services.
- The privatized bus services started operations in 1998.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2003 for RM177 million.


All four major KL public transportation projects initiated by Mahathir was given to private companies via concessions and then promptly went bankrupt.
The Govt had to bail ALL of them Mahathir projects out.


Kesemua nya berakhir dengan wang dari saku kerajaan terpaksa di gunakan untuk kerja kerja bailout.


Mungkin itu lah sebab nya DS Najib enggan menuruti cara Tun Mahathir kerana menyaksikan kegagalan demi kegagalan di alami oleh Tun Mahathir, Najib di kata kan anak murid yang bijak membaca mengalah kan guru nya sendiri.
Tanpa menoleh kebelakang NAJIB meneruskan kerja kerja kebaikan demi rakyat dan demi negara, kita harus berasa selamat dengan hasil kerja dari Perdana Menteri yang melaksana kan kerja demi rakyat dan bukan demi kepentingan lain.

#spad



          Transformasi Pengangkutan Awam Najib Jadi Mimpi Ngeri Pembangkang        



Pembangkang Malaysia berjiwa pelik, bukan sahaja pelik malah turut berjiwa jahat.


Mereka tidak mahu kebaikan untuk negara , mereka hanya mahu menggulingkan kerajaan semata mata.


Pembangkang yang baik akan memuji kebaikan dan akan menentang apa apa yang tidak elok, namun itu sifat pembangkang di negara lain kerana parti politik mereka tiada agenda orang asing.


Di Malaysia apa sahaja kebaikan di buat oleh kerajaan akan di tentang membabi buta , walaupun kebaikan itu berfaedah dan manfaat kepada pembangkang dan anak beranak mereka.



Mungkin kerana terlalu sangat berbohong dan berteori tentang keburukan kerajaan, maka apabila kebaikan itu di terjemah di depan mata rakyat seperti MRT , HSR, ECRL rumah Prima dan lain lain , maka pembangkang merasa cemas, kerana di “checkmate” kan dengan reality, tambah lagi rakyat dapat melihat sendiri di hadapan mata mereka.





Kesungguhan Perdana Menteri  mahu memperbaiki pengangkutan awam darat demi rakyat boleh di lihat dari awal lagi apabila beliau menubuhkan Suruhanjaya Pengangkutan Awam Darat (SPAD) pada tahun 2010.


Kemudian dari itu SPAD terus menjadi instrumen pembaikan , dari hal hal , bas teksi , prasarana berkaitan pengangkutan awam dan juga stesen stesen nya.


SPAD juga berperanan sebagai regulator dan membuat kajian berkenaan pengangkutan awam setiap masa.


Ini lah yang menjadi igauan pembangkang.




Terminal Bas yang umpama berada di airport juga di kaitkan dengan pembaikan cara hidup rakyat demi memudahkan urusan mereka.








Pada apa yang dapat kita lihat cemuhan pembangkang termasuk oleh penyokong Tun Mahathir dan Rafizi Ramli mendapati mereka panik dengan hasil kerja Najib Razak.


Terlihat Hannah Yeoh , Nurul Izzah dan juga Tony Pua amat risau pada kejayaan Najib memberi kepada rakyat, ia membatal kan kesemua fitnah mereka terhadap Najib.



Kita boleh lihat betapa banyak kegagalan projek sebelum ini seperti di bawah ini {-


1. KL Monorail line
- The privatized monorail project was approved in a cabinet meeting June 1989. Its cost was then estimated at RM 143 million. When eventually completed and opened, it cost RM1.18 billion in 2003.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2007 for RM882 million.
---


2. The Putra LRT line
- The privatized line started operations in 1998.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2002 for  between RM4.5 billion to RM5.7 billion.
---


3. The STAR LRT line
- The privatized line started operations in 1996.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2002 for RM3.3 billion.
---


4. Intrakota Bus Services.
- The privatized bus services started operations in 1998.
- went bankrupt.
- Bailed-out and taken over by the govt-owned Prasarana in 2003 for RM177 million.
---
All four major KL public transportation projects initiated by Mahathir was given to private companies via concessions and then promptly went bankrupt.


The Govt had to bail ALL of them Mahathir projects out.


Kita belum sentuh bab HSR dan ECRL yang pesat berjalan lagi , mungkin pada hari lain nanti.







Pada hari pertama MRT SBK bermula sudah hampir 100,000 Rakyat dapat menikmati kemudahan itu dan ini dianggarkan akan meningkat lagi apabila rakyat memuat adjustment kepada cara mereka pergi dan pulang ke destinasi mereka.

100,000 pengguna naik MRT SBK hari pertama - Nasional - Sinar ...

BERNAMA - 100,000 Pengguna Guna Perkhidmatan MRT Laluan ...

MRT terima 100,000 pengguna pada hari pertama pembukaan penuh ...


Nyata sekali rakyat merasa lega dan menerima baik kerja kerja kebaikan untuk mereka.

Dengan sambutan pada hari pertama MRT SBK sahaja menunjuk kan ia amat di perlukan untuk hal harian rakyat.

Banyak lagi pasaran sedang di bina untuk rakyat , ini lah yang di maksudkan dengan Transformasi Pengangkutan Awam, dan ia di terjemahkan dengan menjadi realiti dan bukan semacam terowong atau highway anjuran pembangkang.

#spad

          Is California High Speed Rail Stuck At The Station        
While it has become very obvious that my blogging has slowed to a crawl it doesn't mean that I haven't been out there keeping up to speed with all the goings on in the world.

One of my favorite targets has been the California High Speed Rail attempts to link Southern Cali with the Bay Area. You can get the details by reading my other posts on this subject. But a snapshot is this very expensive construction project started out with an estimate in the $10B range, nearly all taxpayer funded (no reputable private would touch this boondoogle with a ten foot pole AND HEAVY tax subsidies). Over the life of the project (hardly any actual construction) the estimates have increased 350% to $35B, still with little to no private money. And something else to consider, this money was to be used to build a small section of the entire project.

As mentioned, there has been some minor construction between two communities that have no need for, or the ability to afford the price of a ticket. Names escape me at the moment. Other than the lack of money for this project there have been other stumbling blocks. Right-A-Way acquisitions have proven troublesome. Some folks out there don't want to sell their lands for a railroad and lawyers are fighting eminent domain attempts.. Interestingly, while this project has been a gleam in some enviro- fascist eyes eco-nutjobs have also put up some road blocks. Apparently the is some sort of bird in the hills between the Bay Area and the San Joaquin Valley that would be in trouble if tracks and tunnels were built through this area.

Interesting side note on that last sentence. The media is practically stumbling over itself trying to shine a harsh light on the supposed rift between the conservative and old guard factions within the Republican party. But very little has ever been mentioned (this blog excepted) how different factions of the eco-nutjob movement are opposing each other on many supposed green earth projects. Solar projects in California and Arizona have been either shutdown or slowed to a crawl over habitat destruction concerns. Wind turbines are now killing birds and bats by the millions and some want them shut down.

As usual, I'm rambling.

Anyway, on the reason for this post. It seems that a California Superior Court Judge has ruled that the state of California cannot move forward with this project. It seems that California High Speed Rail Authority (CHSRA) has not met the requirements to sell that bonds that are needed to fund the project. Mind you, this project was actually approved by the California public back in 2008. But also note that back then, the estimate was $10B, not the current $35B. Hence the reason for the ruling. The voter approved measure has a provision that requires that for funding to begin there must be money to complete the section of the project voted on. I might not be really good at math, but I'm smart enough to know that $10B approved can't cover the $35B needed.

As most of my readers are aware, I have been opposed to this project form the word go. I have real issues throwing good taxpayer money after bad projects. Some have pointed out that America has dived into huge public works projects in the past. The inter-state highway system and dam building come to mind. That was a different day and age though. These projects help build the USA. Goods and people move on the freeways, giving a boost to manufacturing and tourism. Power generation and the huge growth in agriculture has been a boon to the USA.

But what does the HSR have to offer other than rapid movement between LA and the Bay Area that really only the elites will be able to afford on a regular basis. And shouldn't that be the final arbiter of the worthiness of a public works project? If taxpayer money is going to be used for these kinds of projects shouldn't it give benefit to the most number of people. Dams and freeways met this very simple (and demanding) litmus test. The California HSR doesn't.
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          Top 12 Transportation Stories of 2012        

The start of the new year provides a great opportunity to look back at the major transportation stories of the past year. 2012 was an active year in transportation. Below are the top 12 stories of 2012 in order of importance. 

1) Passage of MAP-21 Surface Transportation Bill: The U.S. had been operating on the tenth extension of SAFETEA-LU--the last multi-year transportation bill that expired in 2009. Most observers believed that a new transportation bill would have to wait until 2014 since transportation was not a big priority for decision makers. In addition Congress lacked the financial resources and the House instituted a moratorium on earmarks. However, many failed to realize how hard Senator Barbara Boxer and Congressman John Mica would work for a bill. The new bill had several noteworthy aspects. It did not include a major increase in funding. In fact in order to keep the same funding levels, the 2-year bill borrowed against the next 10 years of revenue. Still, holding the line on funding increases is a big deal--especially in Washington D.C. The bill also expanded the TIFIA program from $150 million in funding to $1 billion. In addition, the bill slightly expanded the tolling provisions. 

2) Passage of a new Federal Aviation Administration Bill: Often overshadowed by the new surface transportation bill, the U.S. had been operating under the 23rd extension of the last FAA bill that expired in 2007. The new bill creates a framework for the needed Next-Generation radar system. But without much funding, implementation of the system will be slow. The bill also forced TSA to resume accepting applications that want to opt-out of federal screening. This option was written into the original post 9/11 TSA bill. However, clarification was needed after TSA Administrator John Pistole refused to allow any additional airports to opt out of federal screening. The new bill also creates rules for future drone flights. 

3) Hurricane Sandy, Natural Disasters and Transportation: Hurricane Sandy demonstrated the vulnerability of much of the East Coast to major storms. A Senate bill to provide $60 billion in aid died in the House leaving the region in limbo. House Republicans refused to pass the Senate bill for two reasons. First, because of the size of the bill, most of the Sandy revenue came from the general fund not the transportation fund. Second, much of the $60 billion in funding had little to do with emergency relief. While the logical long-term fix would be for the government to stop backing mortgages to residents who live in flood plains, this country seldom does logical. Since future disasters are inevitable and the Northeast’s run of good luck may be over, the U.S. should provide a realistic level of emergency funding, fund infrastructure directly affected by the storm only, and decide how best to distribute such funding. More info is available here. 

4) Managed Lanes Momentum: The concept of adding priced capacity continues to gain momentum. Transportation Planners know that widening highways in fast-growing metro areas can be a frustrating exercise. While mobility is enhanced in the short-term, growth and the resulting additional trips return the highways to its congested state in approximately 2-5 years. Priced lanes offer a long-term congestion reduction strategy and in some cases help fund new improvements. The biggest opening was the I-495 lanes in Virginia from I-95 to the Dulles Toll Road. These lanes provide much needed new capacity for one of the busiest interstates in the country. Virginia is also converting the I-95 HOV lanes from Dumfries to I-495 to Managed Lanes and extending the lanes south to Stafford. Texas added Managed Lanes on the North Tarrant Express in the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. California is in the process of converting many of its HOV lanes to HOT lanes. While political challenges remain, managed lanes continue to be the most realistic way to add capacity in urban and suburban areas.

5) Failure of Georgia Transportation Investment Act in 9 of 12 regions: While 2/3 of local transportation ballot measures pass, some fail and some that fail do so in spectacular fashion. The latter describes what happened in the metro Atlanta region. While the poor state of the economy and the state’s conservative electorate were factors, the entire process was a mess. The Georgia legislature, which could have increased funding by itself, punted the issue to local governments. These governments made political decisions, not transportation decisions on which projects to add. The MPOs attempted to create the best list of projects but were told by politicians which projects to choose and how much those projects would cost. The top-down campaign antagonized the tea party, the Sierra Club, and the NAACP. The advertising campaign was a failure; the more times citizens saw the pro-tax adds, the less likely they were to vote for the tax. While most experts expected the tax to fail, the 37%-63% margin was surprising. What are the takeaways? The defeat is not necessarily transferrable to other areas. But other metros should ensure that any proposed tax actually funds merit-based transportation projects. Funding economic development through a transportation tax was not popular in metro Atlanta. And the Atlanta community needs to find a better way to explain and promote transportation.

6) San Juan Airport Privatization: Most airports in the United States are publicly owned and operated. Most cities resist privatization of their airports at all costs. This is unfortunate since running an airport is a specialized skill in which most public entities do not excel. However Governor Fortuno of Puerto Rico approached the situation differently. Fortuno led the process by approving a concession agreement with American Airlines and a request for proposals in 2011. In 2012, the Commonwealth accepted bids. While the deal has not yet reached financial close, its new Governor Padilla, from a different political party, supports the privatization and is trying to finalize the transaction. This bipartisan effort may lead more cities to consider airport privatization in 2013. Privatizing airports may be especially intriguing to struggling cities, which can make a lot of money from leasing or selling their airport. These cities can use those funds to support education, public works or unfunded pension programs. 

7) High-Speed Rail--The Saga Continues: High-speed-rail remains in the news both domestically and internationally. California continues to be the biggest U.S. story. Legislators approved Governor Brown’s request to begin selling $4.5 billion in voter approved bonds including $2.6 billion that will fund the central valley line. This occurred after the CA HSR Authority approved another new business plan that allows its high-speed rail trains to share the track with local commuter rail trains in San Francisco and Los Angeles. This reduces the total price tag from $98 billion to $68 billion. But that plan still relies on billions from the federal government, revenue from an untested cap and trade plan that is intended for environmental uses and a private partner that would fund this money-losing venture. The circuitous route from Los Angeles to San Francisco is another major flaw. The most logical HSR route in the United States is the northeast corridor. While construction on this route would be expensive, its density may justify its high costs. Yet President Obama seems to have little interest in this corridor. Fortunately other countries seem to be a little more logical. Portugal has abandoned its high-speed rail plans. Spain has halted construction on most new lines. China may be the biggest country to watch. While the country halted construction as a result of its latest HSR crash, it appears to be building HSR again with a lower top speed of 186 miles per hour. Most average Chinese cannot afford the train and remain opposed to the construction. China’s central government does not concern itself with whether its citizens approve of its spending but the $640 billion debt from building HSR might cause China to slow down future construction.

8) Growth of BRT over Rail: While intercity HSR continues to be popular, intracity Bus-Rapid-Transit continues to gain popularity over new rail. BRT is often less than a tenth the cost of rail. And BRT comes in many different forms. Expressway BRT makes use of managed lanes, either HOT or HOV, to offer a reliable travel time on highways. Arterial BRT makes use of queue jumpers and special lanes to move faster than the regular traffic on busy arterials. And a new concept called managed arterials would allow buses to use arterials with tolled grade separations to provide a faster, more reliable travel speed. Such a BRT network can be coupled with a robust local bus network to create a comprehensive transit system. Over the past five years, the implementation of new BRT lines has been increasing while the implementation of new light-rail lines has been decreasing. 

9) Obama White House MIA in Transportation: Discussing the White House’s lack of involvement in transportation is like beating a dead horse but the lack of realistic ideas from Pennsylvania Avenue remain a major problem. The White House has proposed stimulus style spending and infrastructure bank grants. But neither of these ideas helps transportation. Stimulus spending is bad economic policy but it is especially foolish for transportation. Most of the needed transportation projects are long and take multiple years. Short term spending only funds repavings and minor repairs. In order to make such spending effective, state DOT’s and MPO’s have to move money around, a convoluted approach for sure. The President’s infrastructure grant program chooses projects on a political basis. If the selection criteria were merit based that might help, but most transportation watchers are not interested in another TIGER based stimulus grant program. The President’s lack of interest in transportation has had negative consequences for fellow Democrats. The White House’s failure to pass a new bill in 2009 helped lead to the defeat of many moderate democrats in 2010; this year the President had to accept a much less urban-friendly bill. Replacing Ray LaHood with someone with both a background and passion for transportation would help. 

10) Tidewater Tunnels: It was a busy year for transportation in the Commonwealth. VDOT reached a deal with Elizabeth River Crossings to begin construction on the new Midtown tunnel. The deal doubles capacity of the Tunnel and improves both the quality and quantity of bus and ferry transit service between Portsmouth and Norfolk. While the tunnel will have a toll between $1.59-$1.84, this is 40% lower than the initial estimate. The project also makes substantial upgrades to the Downtown Tunnel and extends the Martin Luther King Expressway from London Blvd to I-264. Both projects will help relieve traffic congestion on the area’s bridges. And the user-pays user-benefits nature of tolling is fairer for taxpayers. Virginia advanced two lesser projects in the I-95 reconstruction and the new expressway between Petersburg and Norfolk. I-95 tolling for reconstruction is a promising idea but the current plan to have one tollbooth near the North Carolina border needs to be reworked. Building an unneeded expressway with money the state does not have is a bad idea and should be abandoned. 

11) Chicago Infrastructure Bank: In contrast to his former boss, former White House Chief of Staff and current Chicago mayor Rahm Emanuel is heavily involved in transportation. In April, Emanuel and the city council approved a new infrastructure bank to increase private investment. The Infrastructure Trust would review projects that generate revenue and projects such as a BRT system could be funded by the private sector. Many investors have already put up more than $2 billion for the Infrastructure Trust. The Infrastructure bank provides access to funds the city could not otherwise obtain and is also a hedge against risk. The city can offload risk to private investors for projects with uncertain benefits. At the same time, Chicago has to create well-structured deals. Chicago undervalued its parking meters in 2008. As a result the city negotiated a poor deal for itself. True infrastructure banks are an excellent way to increase funding without raising taxes. In today’s economy more cities may look at Chicago’s example. 

12) TSA In the News: The Transportation Security Administration is like a bad song on Top 40 radio. Every time it makes news it annoys and yet nobody can find a way to get rid of it. TSA screeners steal personal items and abuse thier power. But more significantly the agency has failed to improve security. Why? The TSA concentrates on screening passengers at the front of the airport but leaves the back door wide open. There is no protection from intruders entering the secure side of an airport through a fence or waterway as happened earlier this year at Kennedy International Airport. In Newark a knife-wielding intruder got onto the tarmac by scaling an eight-foot fence. In Dallas a group bypassed all security and posted a video of themselves on YouTube. These problems could be remedied if airports and not TSA oversaw screening on their property. Currently, TSA has dual purposes—conducting the screening and overseeing the screening process. Having airports run security screening and allowing TSA to focus on overseeing screening would end this conflict.


          LaHood's Letter to Boxer Shows his Ignorance on Transportation Issues        

On May 16th, U.S. Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood wrote a letter to Senate Environmental and Public Works Chairwoman Barbara Boxer expressing the administration’s concerns with the passed Senate Transportation bill. LaHood is no transportation expert and his concerns do not address major transportation issues. 

The Senate has passed a two-year bill. The House has not. Negotiations have begun between the Senate bill and the House version that merely extends the current policies for three months. Most experts do not expect a bill before the November elections. Many think a new Congress in 2013 may write completely different legislation. 

Back to LaHood’s letter; Does it detail transportation policy specifics? Does it suggest fixes for current funding challenges? Does it try to work with House and Senate leaders to forge common ground? No, this letter, similar to most other transportation policy from the Obama White House, is about messaging. 

First, LaHood spends the first half page threatening a Presidential veto for the Keystone Pipeline. Does the Keystone pipeline belong in this bill? No. But if the President had followed sound policy advice he received from the State Department or any of the numerous studies that indicated the pipeline was safe and approved, the pipeline would not be an issue. For those keeping track, both The Washington Post and former President Bill Clinton support construction of the pipeline 

LaHood spends the rest of the first page criticizing the Senate for streamlining the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) process. NEPA is partly responsible for the average 12 year period that highway builders have to wait from the initial filing of project paperwork until the beginning of project construction. NEPA’s purpose, since its creation in 1969, has been to ensure environmental factors are weighed; NEPA’s role is not to stop or delay projects until they become unfeasible. But that has become the result. This is why the Democratically controlled Senate voted to streamline the process. The Senate did not eliminate NEPA; it simply made minor changes so the NEPA process complies with its legislative intent. Further, both Keystone and the NEPA are minor issues in the transportation bill. Why are they in the first page of this letter to the U.S. Senate? This is the administration’s way of ensuring that environmental activists donate to its re-election campaign. 

On the second page, LaHood details how pleased he is with the safety aspects of the bill. He supports strengthening the role of transit safety, authorizing a distracted driving grant and mandatory funding of statewide traffic enforcement plans. Safety is important; these programs sound as if they could be useful. But again does LaHood cite the safety advantages? Is there any cost-benefit analysis? Has LaHood studied the relatively low crash risk of transit systems? No, no and very doubtful. LaHood has correctly calculated that it is politically popular to discuss safety. Any increase in mandatory federal government programs sounds good to him.

The Administration supports strengthening and reforming programs. This sounds good but LaHood’s dictionary defines reform in a very strange manner. LaHood supports the earmark ban but probably because it gives the Executive Branch more control not because he wants to decrease government debt. He already mentioned how he dislikes reforming NEPA. LaHood also dislikes Transit Privatization; in regards to privatization LaHood thinks the federal government should not interfere with the states. Are LaHood’s privatization views based on research? Does privatization save money? Does privatization increase efficiency? Does privatization help fund programs the government does not have the funds to support? LaHood also dislikes proposals to reduce management costs. Management is important for transportation projects. However some contend the U.S. DOT is management heavy. How does LaHood know that cutting management would be bad? Has he completed any studies?

LaHood’s most absurd claim is his promotion of the Merit Based Multi-modal Programs section. The TIGER program LaHood glorifies is neither merit-based nor mode-neutral. The program has a bias towards supporting multi-modal terminals and non-motorized projects. TIGER has funded some politically popular projects that do little to improve transportation. LaHood’s claim that TIGER dollars have leveraged eight times more money than federal funds compares apples to oranges. First, one of the reasons that the TIGER program has been so successful is that it takes advantage of private funding. This is the same private funding that LaHood criticized in the previous section. Second, TIGER is a discretionary program. As such the USDOT picks the “best” projects. And in order to be competitive in the awards process local or state transportation agencies often contribute 50% or more of the total project costs. Most other USDOT programs are formula based; the federal government provides 80% of 90% of the funds and states contribute the remaining 10-20%. The only good thing about the TIGER Program is that its discretionary nature induces states to spend more of their own money on infrastructure; therefore these projects require less federal money. Obviously, projects that receive 50% of federal funds have more non-federal sources of funding than projects that receive 90% federal funds. If the TIGER Grants program actually funded more worthwhile investments and fewer local bicycle paths in the districts of Democrats in competitive races, the TIGER program would be even more effective. More details on the TIGER Program are available here.

LaHood also supports programs that encourage merit-based investments in high-speed rail. Is he talking about France or Japan? The U.S. has yet to invest in one major high-speed rail line with any merits. If LaHood cared about merit investments he would have funded HSR in the Northeast instead of the Tampa-Orlando line, which the Pro-High-Speed-Rail group America 2050 fails to rank in its top 100 U.S. corridors. LaHood’s DOT would have offered rail funding for the Chicago to Milwaukee line, not the Madison to Milwaukee line, which is worthless without a link to Chicago. And if there is any project that lacks merits, it is the current 600-mile circuitous routing of the California line. I have doubts about high-speed rail succeeding in the U.S.; but spending money on true high-speed rail lines in dense corridors makes more sense than politically oriented boondoggles. 

Thankfully the administration supports the TIFIA program. Although LaHood’s statements about making it merit-based scare me. If the administration considers the HSR program merit based perhaps they have confused synonyms with antonyms. 

At the end of the letter, LaHood complains that Title V of the Senate bill undermines the Federal Government’s role in disposal of coal ash impoundment. While coal ash is not germane to the bill, of more interest is how the administration’s support of local decision making for transit operations and privatization but its opposition to local decision marking for issues relating to safety and coal ash—how convenient. The administration opposes federal control when it disagrees with part of a bill and likes federal control when it agrees with part of a bill. 

This three-page letter is, in a nutshell, the Obama’s administration policy to transportation over the last three and a half years. The political leaders have little background in transportation; they either ignore or do not ask advice of the policy people in the DOT. LaHood has made no serious effort to understand transportation. Transportation is seen as a place to make a political statement; to this administration it is more important to have someone from Illinois than someone competent in transportation. (See The New York Times article here.) The administration involves itself in transportation policy making as little as possible, frequently abdicating all responsibility to Congress. And then when the Senate controlled by the President’s own party produces a transportation bill with a liberal lean, the Secretary of Transportation writes a three-page letter complaining about the bill’s failure to address environmental issues and comparing discretionary funding to formula funding. It is head-scratching; it is depressing; and it makes a mockery of a department run by bipartisan transportation professionals for the past 50 years.


          Keutamaan Surat Al Mulk        
Dari Abu Hurairah radhiyallahu ‘anhu bahwa Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,
سُورَةٌ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ ثَلاَثُونَ آيَةً تَشْفَعُ لِصَاحِبِهَا حَتَّى يُغْفَرَ لَهُ {تَبَارَكَ الَّذِى بِيَدِهِ الْمُلْكُ}. وفي رواية: فأخرجته من النار و أدخلته الجنة
“Satu surat dalam al-Qur’an (yang terdiri dari) tiga puluh ayat (pada hari kiamat) akan memberi syafa’at (dengan izin Allah Ta’ala) bagi orang yang selalu membacanya (dengan merenungkan artinya) sehingga Allah mengampuni (dosa-dosa)nya, (yaitu surat al-Mulk): “Maha Suci Allah Yang di tangan-Nyalah segala kerajaan/kekuasaan, dan Dia Maha Kuasa atas segala sesuatu”. Dalam riwayat lain: “…sehingga dia dikeluarkan dari neraka dan dimasukkan ke dalam surga”[1].
Hadits yang agung ini menunjukkan besarnya keutamaan membaca surat ini secara kontinyu[2], karena ini merupakan sebab untuk mendapatkan syafa’at dengan izin Allah Ta’ala.
Hadits ini semakna dengan hadits lain dari Anas bin Malik radhiyallahu ‘anhu bahwa Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda, “Satu surat dalam al-Qur’an yang hanya (terdiri dari) tiga puluh ayat akan membela orang yang selalu membacanya (di hadapan Allah Ta’ala) sehingga dia dimasukkan ke dalam surga, yaitu surat: “Maha Suci Allah Yang di tangan-Nyalah segala kerajaan/kekuasaan”[3].

Beberapa faidah penting yang terkandung dalam hadits ini:
- Keutamaan dalam hadits ini diperuntukkan bagi orang yang selalu membaca surat al-Mulk dengan secara kontinyu disertai dengan merenungkan kandungannya dan menghayati artinya[4].
- Surat ini termasuk surat-surat al-Qur’an yang biasa dibaca oleh Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam sebelum tidur di malam hari, karena agungnya kandungan maknanya[5].
- Sebagian dari ulama ahli tafsir menamakan surat ini dengan penjaga/pelindung dan penyelamat (dari azab kubur)[6], akan tetapi penamaan ini disebutkan dalam hadits yang lemah[7].
- Al-Qur’an akan memberikan syafa’at (dengan izin Allah) bagi orang yang membacanya (dengan menghayati artinya) dan mengamalkan isinya[8], sebagaimana sabda Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, “Bacalah al-Qur’an, karena sesungguhnya bacaan al-Qur’an itu akan datang pada hari kiamat untuk memberi syafa’at bagi orang-orang yang membacanya (sewaktu di dunia)”[9].
وصلى الله وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه أجمعين، وآخر دعوانا أن الحمد لله رب العالمين
Kota Kendari, 22 Jumadal ula 1432 H
Penulis: Ustadz Abdullah bin Taslim al-Buthoni, MA
Artikel www.muslim.or.id

[1] HR Abu Dawud (no. 1400), at-Tirmidzi (no. 2891), Ibnu Majah (no. 3786), Ahmad (2/299) dan al-Hakim (no. 2075 dan 3838), dinyatakan shahih oleh imam al-Hakim dan disepakati oleh imam adz-Dzahabi, serta dinyatakan hasan oleh imam at-Tirmidzi dan syaikh al-Albani. [2] Lihat kitab “Faidhul Qadiir” (2/453).
[3] HR ath-Thabarani dalam “al-Mu’jamul ausath” (no. 3654) dan “al-Mu’jamush shagiir” (no. 490), dinyatakan shahih oleh al-Haitsami dan Ibnu hajar (dinukil dalam kitab “Faidhul Qadiir” 4/115) dan dinyatakan hasan oleh syaikh al-Albani dalam “Shahiihul jaami’ish shagiir” (no. 3644).
[4] Lihat kitab “Faidhul Qadiir” (4/115).
[5] HR at-Tirmidzi (no. 2892) dan Ahmad (3/340), dinyatakan shahih oleh syaikh al-Albani dalam “ash-Shahiihah” (no. 585).
[6] Lihat kitab “Tafsir al-Qurthubi” (18/205).
[7] Lihat kitab “Dha’iifut targiibi wat tarhiib” (no. 887).
[8] Lihat kitab “Bahjatun naazhiriin” (2/240).
[9] HSR Muslim (no. 804).
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          Keutamaan Surat Al Ikhlash        
Dari Abu Sa’id al-Khudri radhiyallahu ‘anhu dia berkata: Rasulullah shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda,
وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بِيَدِهِ إِنَّها لَتَعْدِلُ ثُلُثَ الْقُرْآنِ
“Demi (Allah) yang jiwaku di tangan-Nya, sesungguhnya surah al-Ikhlas sebanding (dengan) sepertiga al-Qur’an”[1].
Hadits yang agung ini menunjukkan tingginya kedudukan surah al-Ikhlas dan besarnya keutamaan orang yang membacanya, karena surah ini mengandung nama-nama Allah Y yang maha indah dan sifat-sifat-Nya yang maha sempurna, sehingga orang yang membaca dan menghayatinya dengan seksama berarti dia telah mengagungkan dan memuliakan Allah U[2]. Oleh karena itu, dalam hadits shahih lainnya, Rasulullah r ketika mendengar berita tentang seorang shahabat t yang senang membaca surah ini karena sifat-sifat Allah U yang dikandungnya, beliau r bersabda: “Sampaikanlah kepadanya bahwa Allah mencintainya”[3].
Beberapa faidah penting yang dapat kita ambil dari hadits ini:
- Surah ini dinamakan surah al-Ikhlas karena mengandung tauhid (pengkhususan ibadah kepada Allah I semata-semata), sehingga orang yang membaca dan merenungkannya berarti telah mengikhlaskan agamanya untuk Allah I semata. Atau karena Allah U mengikhlaskan (mengkhususkan) surah ini bagi dari-Nya (hanya berisi nama-nama dan sifat-sifat-Nya) tanpa ada penjelasan lainnya[4].

- Surah al-Ikhlas sebanding (dengan) sepertiga al-Qur’an  karena pembahasan/kandungan al-Qur’an terbagi menjadi tiga bagian, yaitu: tauhid, hukum-hukum syariat Islam dan berita tentang makhluk, sedangkan surah al-Ikhlas berisi pembahasan tauhid[5].
- Makna sabda beliau r: “…sebanding (dengan) sepertiga al-Qur’an” adalah dalam hal ganjaran pahala, dan bukan berarti membacanya tiga kali cukup sebagai pengganti mambaca al-Qur’an[6].
- Hadits ini adalah salah satu dalil yang menunjukkan bahwa al-Qur-an berbeda-beda keutamaannya (satu ayat dengan ayat yang lain dan satu surah dengan surah lainnya), jika ditinjau dari segi isi dan kandungannya[7].
Syaikh Muhammad bin Shaleh al-’Utsaimin berkata: “Pembahasan masalah ini harus diperinci dengan penjelasan berikut: jika ditinjau dari (segi) zat yang mengucapkan/berfirman (dengan al-Qur-an) maka al-Qur-an tidak berbeda-beda keutamaannya, karena zat yang mengucapkannya adalah satu, yaitu Allah U. Adapun jika ditinjau dari (segi) kandungan dan pembahasannya maka al-Qur-an berbeda-beda keutamaannya (satu ayat dengan ayat yang lain). Surat al-Ikhlash yang berisi pujian bagi Allah U karena mengandung (penyebutan) nama-nama dan sifat-sifat Allah (tentu) tidak sama dari segi kandungannya dengan surat al-Masad (al-Lahab) yang berisi penjelasan (tentang) keadaan Abu Lahab.
Demikian pula al-Qur-an berbeda-beda keutamaannya (satu ayat dengan ayat yang lain) dari segi pengaruhnya (terhadap hati manusia) dan kekuatan/ketinggian uslub (gaya bahasanya). Karena kita dapati di antara ayat-ayat al-Qur-an ada yang pendek tetapi berisi nasehat dan berpengaruh besar bagi hati manusia, sementara kita dapati ayat lain yang jauh lebih panjang, akan tetapi tidak berisi kandungan seperti ayat tadi”[8].
وصلى الله وسلم وبارك على نبينا محمد وآله وصحبه أجمعين، وآخر دعوانا أن الحمد لله رب العالمين
Kota Kendari, 29 Rabi’ul awal 1432 H
Abdullah bin Taslim al-Buthoni

[1] HSR al-Bukhari (no. 4726, 6267 dan 6939). [2] Lihat kitab “Fathul Baari” (13/357).
[3] HSR al-Bukhari (no. 6940) dan Muslim (no. 813).
[4] Lihat kitab ” Syarhul aqiidatil waasithiyyah” (1/157).
[5] Lihat kitab “Fathul Baari” (9/61) dan ” Syarhul aqiidatil waasithiyyah” (1/158).
[6] Lihat kitab ” Syarhul aqiidatil waasithiyyah” (1/157-158).
[7] Lihat keterangan syaikhul Islam Ibnu Taimiyah dalam “Majmu’ul fataawa” (17/211-212) dan imam Ibnul Qayyim dalam “Syifa-ul ‘aliil” (hal. 272).
[8] Kitab ” Syarhul aqiidatil waasithiyyah” (1/164-165).
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Sumber  : Lim Sian See

1. Malacca Gateway- China 
Projek ini 60% milik syarikat tempatan. China hanya minoriiti.

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Ini mana ada? Pelabur di projek lama ini  dari pelbagai negara. Projek ini sudah 11 tahun lamanya.

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4. CAREY ISLAND KLANG -China 
Eh.. Projek Carrey Island ialah dengan syarikat dan pelaburan INDIA bersama syarikat kawan Mahathir, Tan Sri Syed Mokhtar lah.

5. EAST COST RAIL LINK -China 
Ini pinjaman. ECRL masih milik 100% Malaysia.


6. Bandar Malaysia -China
Ini dalam tender lagi tetapi pelaburan dari China mungkin akan lahirkan taman tema yang terbesar di ASEAN untuk melawan Singapura.

7. High Speed Rail HSR -China 
Ini belum keluar tender lagi. Jepun dan China akan bersaing kuat.


8. Impression MALACCA - China 
Ini juga ada sister China’s Impression Liu San Jie di Guilin, China. Maksud Malaysia beli China ke? 

9. EDRA ENERGY - China
Yah.. Syarikat China menang tender terbuka antarabangsa. Tetapi perjanjian2 IPP ini sudah ditukar jadi adil oleh Najib berbanding perjanjian berat sebelah kepada kroni2 IPP Mahathir.

Yg mana lebih baik? Rakyat beli lekrik yang murah dan harga adil dari syarikat China ataupun beli letrik mahal dan berat sebelah dari kroni2 IPP Mahathir.?


10. Sutera Harbor KK -China 
Syarikat China ini beli dari Syarikat Singapura. Ini pun salah kerajaan ke?

11. Birds Nest -China 

12. Durians -China 

13. Tourism-China 

14. Aquaculture-China

15. Palm Oil -China 
Eh... bodoh. Orang China impot barangan buatan Malaysia juga panggil jual negara ke? Ini dipanggil perdagangan antarabangsa.

Ataupun lu mahu China tak mahu beli barang Malaysia?

16. Naval Patrol Boat -China 
Setengah dari patrol boat ini akan dibina di Malaysia dengan pindahan teknologi kepada kita.

Kita juga beli kapal selam dari Perancis, Jet dari USA dan Rusia. Kapal dari UK. Ini maksud kita jual kepada mereka ke?

17. FELDA GLOBAL VENTURE -China 
Eh.. ini mana ada? Lu cincai bantai kah?


18. ALIBABA DFTZ regional hub -China 
Projek ini kita rampas dari Singapura.

19. PROTON- China 
Ini keputusan syarikat kawan Mahathir, Tan Sri Syed Mokhtar lah yg masih milik saham terbesar. Mahathir yang dulunya mahu jual 50% kepada syarikat VW negara Jerman tapi gagal. Mahathir yang mula memikat syarikat Geely. Dulu Mahathir bagi 30% Proton milik Mitsubishi negara Jepun lu ada mengadu tak?


20. SHELL-China 
Ini keputusan syarikat Shell. Syarikat Shell memang milik negara Belanda. Negara Belanda mahu jual syarikat dia kepada negara China itu pun salah kerajaan ke?

21. KEDAH integrated fisheries terminal -China
Projek ini dimula oleh Mukhriz anak Mahathir. Tanya dia.


22. KUANTAN MSIA-CHINA IND PARK -China
Projek ini ada "sister" park usaha-sama di Nanning, China dipanggil China-Malaysia Qinzhou Industrial Park. Maksud ini, Malaysia beli China ke?

23. Kedah Rubber City -China 
Projek ini dimula oleh Mukhriz anak Mahathir. Tanya dia.

24. NAVY NAVAL 50 vessels upgrade -China 
Eh.. bukan 50 lah. 10. Lagipun ini sama dengan point 16 di atas. Apasal mahu repeat?

25. ROYAL MULU SARAWAK -China 

26. Lumut Maritime Terminal Perak -China 
Hello.. ini mana ada China? Projek ini milik negara Perak dan Tenaga.


27. Alor Gajah Power Plant -China 
Eh.. ini sudah sebut kat atas point 9 Edra. Apasal repeat lagi?

28. Impressions Melaka - China 
Eh.. ini sudah sebut kat atas point 8. Apasal repeat lagi? Hilang modal ke?

Very soon the Malay Youth will be begging for job from China. Ketuanan Melayu ditukar ke KETUANAN MO1....

Sad is an understatement!!!This are what happened when you supported a thief

1. Last time when Japan made all those investments - 30% Proton, 50% Perwaja, all those many -many Japanese factories, did any Malay youth beg Japan for a job?

2. Did you all complain that Mahathir begged investments from Japan and borrowed all those money from them just barely 38 years after Japan invaded Malaysia and killed, raped and caused sufferings to millions of Malays?


3. International investment, trade and cooperation is normal world-wide - even during Mahathir times.

4. Dulu ekonomi Jepun kuat dan bangun dengan pesat. Kini ekonomi Jepun tak kuat lagi. Kini China kuat dan bangun dengan pesat. Kita alih kepada China. Itu saja bezanya.

*jangan otak sempit dan dipengaruhi oleh propaganda jahat*

Oleh : Lim Sian See

          [ANALISIS ISU] Semakin Erat Hubungan Najib Dengan Negara China, Bertambah Intim Pula 'Seksualiti' Tun M Dengan Lim Kit Siang... #SahabatSMB         
MASALAH TUN M BUKAN KERANA HUTANG YG NAJIB BUAT... TAPI KERANA KEJAYAAN YG AKAN NAJIB CAPAI BAKAL MENUTUP TERUS PELUANG UNTUK DARAH DAGINGNYA KEMBALI BERKUASA...


Saya ada terbaca tulisan terbaru Tun Mahathir yang menyentuh tentang hutang kerajaan yang bertajuk "Najib Pinjam Lagi".

Walaupun siri tulisan Tun kali ini adalah ulangan dan kitar semula daripadatulisan beliau sebelum ini dan telah pun saya jawab, saya berazam selagi Tun menulis walaupun berulang-ulang tulisannya itu saya tetap akan menjawab tulisan Tun supaya tidak ramai rakyat Malaysia akan percaya bulat-bulat dengan apa yang Tun tulis.

1. Najib isytihar pinjaman sebanyak 55 billion Ringgit dari sebuah syarikat di masa lawatannya ke China.

Betul. Malaysia akan meminjam daripada China melalui Export-Import (EXIM) Bank sejumlah RM55 billion. Pinjaman mudah ini jika mengikut rekod pinjaman-pinjaman China melalui EXIM Bank kepada negara lain akan dikenakan kadar faedah sebanyak 2-3% untuk tempoh masa 20 tahun di mana untuk 7 tahun pertama Malaysia tidak perlu membayar apa-apa kepada EXIM Bank. [1] [2]

Pinjaman daripada negara luar yang mengambil masa berdekad dengan kadar faedah yang rendah dan tempoh 5-7 tahun pertama tanpa perlu membayar apa-apa adalah perkara biasa.

Di zaman Tun Mahathir sebagai PM, pada tahun 1994, kerajaan Malaysia meminjam 50.3 billion Yen atau RM1.17 billion (RM1 = 43.10 Yen) daripada kerajaan Jepun melalui Japanese International Cooperation Agency (JICA) untuk membiayai sebahagian kos membina KLIA. [3]


Pinjaman bernilai 50.3 billion Yen ini adalah untuk tempoh 25 tahun dengan kadar faedah yang dikenakan sejumlah 3% dan 7 tahun pertama kerajaan Malaysia tidak perlu membayar apa-apa kepada kerajaan Jepun.

Pinjaman ini masih lagi ditanggung oleh kerajaan melalui KLIA Berhad iaitu agensi yang meminjam daripada Official Development Assistance (ODA) di bawah kerajaan Jepun sehingga sekarang seperti tercatat di dalam Penyata Kewangan Kerajaan Persekutuan 2015. [4]



Setakat 31 Disember 2015, kerajaan Malaysia masih menanggung RM320 juta hutang untuk pembinaan KLIA kepada kerajaan Jepun.

Ini tidak termasuk pinjaman lain daripada kerajaan luar untuk pelbagai projek-projek pembangunan seperti Projek Empangan Beris, Projek Pembangunan Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Projek Penyaluran Air Mentah Pahang-Selangor dan pelbagai lagi projek yang mana Tun Mahathir mendapatkan bantuan kerajaan luar negara seperti tercatat dalam Penyata Kewangan Kerajaan Persekutuan.

Hutang-hutang puluhan tahun ini masih lagi ditanggung oleh pembayar cukai sekarang.


Hutang Kerajaan Persekutuan Daripada Kerajaan Luar: Jabatan Akauntan Negara

Pinjaman RM55 billion daripada China sekarang sememangnya besar berbanding pinjaman RM1.17 billion daripada Jepun pada tahun 1994.

Tetapi perbandingan dengan angka mutlak adalah tidak adil kerana sepatutnya apa-apa perbandingan angka kewangan dan ekonomi diambil kira secara relatif dan dalam kes ini jumlah pinjaman perlulah mengambil kira saiz ekonomi Malaysia.

Pada tahun 1994 ekonomi Malaysia hanya bersaiz RM195 billion manakala pada tahun 2015 ekonomi Malaysia bersaiz RM1.15 trillion.

Adalah logik pinjaman untuk projek pembangunan dari luar akan menjadi semakin besar dari segi jumlah pinjaman mutlak kerana faktor inflasi tetapi tidak wajar sama sekali kita mengabaikan ekonomi negara yang sudah berkembang hampir 10 kali ganda sejak 20 tahun dahulu.

2. Pinjaman ini adalah untuk membangunkan landasan keretapi letrik di Pantai Timur.

Betul.

3. Kerajaan Najib telah pun pinjam 42 billion Ringgit untuk 1MDB. Kerana tidak membayar faedah dan pokok, hutang ini meningkat kepada lebih 53 billion Ringgit. Tidak ternampak sedikit pun pelaburan yang memberi keuntungan yang boleh diguna untuk bayar hutang. Sudah tentu jika tidak dibayar faedah hutang ini akan meningkat lagi.

Tidak betul. Tun sepatutnya lebih peka dengan kenyataan-kenyataan yang dikeluarkan oleh 1MDB. 1MDB telah berjaya melangsaikan hutang-hutang jangka pendek dan banknya selepas menjual syarikat kuasa EDRA kepada China General Nuclear awal tahun ini. [5]

1MDB sudah pun mengurangkan hutang lebih RM14 billion dan juga membayar balik sepenuhnya kemudahan kredit (standby credit) berjumlah RM950 juta yang diberi oleh kerajaan. [6]

Hutang yang masih tinggal adalah hutang dalam bentuk bon dan sukuk jangka masa panjang yang masih dibayar 1MDB setiap tahun tanpa gagal.

Hari ini juga 1MDB baru sahaja membayar faedah berjumlah USD52.4 juta ke atas sukuk bernilai USD1.75 billion jadi tidak timbul isu 1MDB tidak mampu membiayai hutang dalam bentuk bon dan sukuk jangka masa panjang.

4. Najib juga merancang untuk mengadakan keretapi kelajuan tinggi antara Singapura dan Kuala Lumpur. Untuk projek ini Najib perlu hutang lebih kurang 50 billion Ringgit lagi.

Betul.

5. Jumlah semua melebihi 160 billion.

Tolak angka kasar hutang 1MDB yang tidak tepat, betul jumlah pinjaman projek ECRL, HSR dan 1MDB melebihi RM100 billion.

Saya tak faham apa isunya di sini kerana hutang keseluruhan kerajaan persekutuan adalah berjumlah RM643 billion setakat suku ketiga 2016 atau 52.2% daripada saiz ekonomi Malaysia [7]


Kerajaan Malaysia belum pernah gagal membayar hutang kepada pemiutang dan tidak pernah menyembunyikan jumlah hutang sebenar yang ditanggung mereka.

6.    Kita tidak diberi maklumat tentang pelaburan 1MDB selain dari kerugian membeli stesen janakuasa dan menjualnya kepada syarikat China dengan kerugian yang besar.

Saya tak mahu ulas panjang tentang "kerugian" penjualan EDRA kepada China. Jika dicampur dividen daripada EDRA kepada 1MDB sejumlah RM2 billion, 1MDB secara asasnya tidak untung dan tidak rugi di atas urusniaga pembelian aset-aset penjanakuasa.

Harga belian RM12.1 billion, harga jualan RM9.83 billion campur dengan dividen lebih kurang RM2 billion, pelaburan 1MDB di dalam EDRA boleh dikatakan pulang modal.

Bacaan lanjut boleh didapati di laman web 1MDB. [8]

7.    Tetapi berkenaan pinjaman sebanyak 55 billion untuk landasan keretapi, kita boleh ramal ke mana akan perginya wang 55 billion ini.
8.    Kalau benar kos landasan Pantai Timur ialah 55 billion, yang akan dapat keuntungan ialah kontraktor asing yang tentu akan membangun projek ini.
9.    Mereka akan membawa masuk segala bahan teknologi, pekerja dari negara mereka. Projek ini akan ambil masa sekurang-kurangnya 7 tahun, mungkin lebih. Pekerja mereka, seramai puluhan ribu mestilah di tempat di sini, khusus di Kelantan, Terengganu dan Pahang.

(IKLAN) 

agoda.com INT


10.    Kos semua ini akan diperolehi hampir semuanya oleh kontraktor luar negeri. Jadi wang yang dipinjam dari syarikat negara China akan kembali ke sana.
11.    Di masa yang sama bayaran hutang sebanyak 55 billion dengan faedah akan kembali ke negara itu juga. Mungkin pembayaran akan ambil masa 30 tahun atau lebih. Jumlah bayaran bersama dengan faedah selama 30 tahun akan meningkat kepada 90 billion Ringgit.
12.    Kemudian datang keperluan membeli “rolling stock” iaitu gerabak-gerabak elektrik yang akan menelan belanja berbillion lagi. Sekali lagi wang berbillion akan mengalir keluar negeri.
13.    Pekerja luar yang dibayar gaji di sini akan hantar separuh balik ke negara mereka. Sekali lagi wang kita akan mengalir keluar negeri.

Kemana RM55 billion akan pergi?

Ke 620KM landasan keretapi yang akan dibina.

Bukan kontraktor China sahaja yang akan mendapat manfaat daripada projek ECRL, tetapi syarikat-syarikat tempatan seperti MMC, Gamuda, Ahmad Zaki Resources, UEM Group, MRCB, YTL Corp, IJM dan WCT adalah yang dijangka akan mendapat manfaat daripada pakej-pakej kerja yang akan ditawarkan dibawah projek ini. [9]

Kontraktor-kontraktor tempatan yang mendapat pakej kerja projek ECRL juga akan memberi manfaat kepada tenaga kerja tempatan terutamanya dalam bidang profesional seperti jurutera-jurutera tempatan.

Menteri Abdul Rahman Dahlan sudah pun mengesahkan bahawa RM55 billion kos projek ECRL ini adalah termasuk rolling stock dan bukannya berasingan seperti didakwa Tun. [10]

Tahun lepas terdapat 2.135 juta pekerja asing di Malaysia menurut data yang diterbitkan Unit Perancang Ekonomi (EPU) [11]

Tambahan beberapa ribu pekerja dari China bukanlah suatu angka yang menakutkan berbanding jumlah pekerja asing sedia ada di dalam Malaysia.

Malah sebelum China membawa masuk berpuluh ribu pekerja mereka untuk projek ECRL, aliran keluar wang daripada Malaysia ke luar negara dalam bentuk kiriman wang oleh pekerja asing ke negara mereka telah pun mencecah RM34 billion tahun lepas sahaja [12]


Aliran keluar wang disebabkan kiriman wang pekerja asing di Malaysia ke negara asal mereka sentiasa meningkat setiap tahun disebabkan pertambahan pekerja asing di Malaysia dan juga kenaikan gaji.

Jika benar pun berpuluh ribu pekerja China akan datang ke Malaysia dan mengirim wang ke negara asal mereka, saya tak nampak apa isunya kerana lebih 2 juta pekerja asing sedia ada sudahpun mengirim berpuluh billion Ringgit ke luar negara sebagai kiriman kepada keluarga mereka.

Dari segi pendapatan pelaburan pula, syarikat Malaysia yang melabur di luar negara akan menerima pendapatan dari operasi mereka di luar negara dan membawa pulang wang tersebut begitu juga sebaliknya syarikat luar negara yang melabur di dalam Malaysia akan menjana pendapatan di dalam Malaysia dan membawa keluar wang tersebut dari Malaysia ke negara mereka.

Di dalam akaun semasa dalam imbangan pembayaran ada tercatat jumlah pendapatan pelaburan oleh syarikat Malaysia yang melabur di luar negara dan juga jumlah pendapatan pelaburan oleh syarikat luar negara yang melabur di dalam Malaysia:

Akaun Semasa, Imbangan Pembayaran: Jabatan Perangkaan Negara

Kredit (dalam kotak biru) bagi pendapatan pelaburan bermaksud pendapatan pelaburan syarikat Malaysia dari luar negara dan debit (dalam kotak merah) adalah pendapatan pelaburan syarikat luar negara yang melabur di dalam Malaysia.

Pendapatan pelaburan bersih (kredit tolak debit) Malaysia sentiasa dalam keadaan defisit sejak berdekad yang lalu dengan erti kata yang lain syarikat-syarikat asing yang melabur di Malaysia membawa keluar lebih banyak pendapatan dari Malaysia ke negara asal masing-masing berbanding syarikat-syarikat Malaysia yang membawa pulang pendapatan dari luar negara balik ke Malaysia:

Ini juga bermaksud lebih banyak wang pendapatan pelaburan mengalir keluar lebih daripada wang pendapatan mengalir masuk.


Pendapatan Pelaburan Bersih Malaysia: EPU

Jika dibandingkan dengan saiz ekonomi negara, peratusan defisit pendapatan pelaburan Malaysia adalah lebih tinggi pada zaman Tun Mahathir sebagai Perdana Menteri berbanding di bawah zaman Dato' Sri Najib:


Defisit Pendapatan Pelaburan Malaysia
Kebergantungan Malaysia kepada pelabur asing lebih tinggi 20-30 tahun lepas berbanding pada masa sekarang.

Jika tidak ada apa-apa yang berlaku setelah beratus billion wang mengalir keluar sejak berpuluh-puluh tahun dulu, kenapa sekarang isu ini ditimbulkan oleh Tun?


14.    Sepatutnya bayaran balik semua ini, hutang, kontrak, alatan untuk landasan dan gerabak elektrik datang dari keuntungan operasi keretapi pantai timur. Bolehkah kita dapat cukup pendapatan menjual tiket keretapi atau muatan barangan antara pantai barat dengan pantai timur?
15.    Kata orang Kelantan lebih murah dan lebih cepat jika penerbangan low cost diguna untuk berjalan antara Pantai Timur dengan bandar-bandar di Pantai Barat.
16.    Jika tiket keretapi Pantai Timur dijual dengan harga yang tinggi mungkin ramai yang akan pilih penerbangan.
17.    Jika harga tiket rendah keuntungan mungkin tidak diperolehi.
18.    Jadi hutang dan kos serta kerugian perlu ditanggung oleh Kerajaan dari dana campuran atau consolidated Fund.


Pendapatan melalui jualan tiket penumpang dan muatan barangan sepatutnya hanya untuk menampung kos operasi ECRL dan bukannya keseluruhan kos termasuk kos kewangan, pembinaan dan kos modal seperti yang disebut Tun.

Kos kewangan akan dibiayai oleh kerajaan melalui kumpulan wang disatukan (consolidated fund) seperti mana projek-projek lain.

Limpahan ekonomi daripada projek ECRL akan menjana pendapatan kerajaan melalui kutipan cukai, dan melalui pendapatan cukai inilah kerajaan akan menampung kos pembiayaan pinjaman ini.

Lupakah Tun Mahathir tentang LRT STAR dan PUTRA yang terpaksa diambiloleh kerajaan persekutuan melalui Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad (Prasarana) kerana menanggung beban hutang berjumlah RM5.5 billion pada tahun 2001? 

Lupakah Tun bagaimana kerajaan persekutuan meminjamkan pinjaman mudah berjumlah RM300 juta kepada KL Monorail akibat kerugian beratus juta Ringgit?
Privatization in Malaysia: Regulation, Rent-Seeking and Policy Failure

19.    Tetapi hari ini Kerajaan tidak ada duit. Lagi pun nilai Ringgit jatuh teruk – bermakna lebih banyak Ringgit diperlukan untuk membayar hutang dengan Dolar Amerika atau Yuan. Dari manakah duit ini akan datang. Hutang lagi atau naikkan cukai dalam negeri dan GST. Dan ini akan membebankan rakyat dengan kos sara hidup yang melambung tinggi.

Jika kerajaan tidak ada duit seperti didakwa Tun bagaimana kerajaan boleh membayar gaji kakitangan kerajaan berjumlah RM70 billion tahun lepas? Bagaimana kerajaan membayar pencen pesara kakitangan awam berjumlah RM18.8 billion pada 2015? Bagaimana kerajaan menampung subsidi yuran universiti awam, perkhidmatan kesihatan di hospital kerajaan dan pelbagai lagi perbelanjaan-perbelanjaan mengurus yang lain? [13]

Hutang luar negara kerajaan dihadkan kepada hanya RM35 billion pada suatu masa sahaja seperti tertakluk di bawah Akta Pinjaman Luar Negeri (1963):


Laporan Kewangan Sektor Awam: Perbendaharaan Negara

Ini konsisten dengan kenyataan menteri bahawa pinjaman daripada EXIM Bank China adalah dalam Ringgit dan juga Yuan sesuai dengan undang-undang negara.

Setakat suku ketiga 2016, hutang luar kerajaan persekutuan dalam matawang asing hanyalah berjumlah RM20.4 billion:


Hutang Luar Kerajaan Persekutuan Di Dalam Matawang Asing: BNM

Risiko tukaran matawang asing kepada kewangan kerajaan sangat terhad dan hanya ke atas RM20.4 billion ini sahaja.

Untuk pengetahuan anda semua, sebahagian hutang luar kerajaan persekutuan sekarang adalah hutang warisan daripada kerajaan di bawah pimpinan Tun Mahathir yang mana kita masih membayar hutang-hutang tersebut sehingga hari ini.

Hutang-hutang luar tersebut dipinjam dari Jepun, Perancis, Kanada dan Bank Pembangunan Asia (ADB) untuk projek-projek pembangunan seperti tertera di dalam Penyata Kewangan Kerajaan Persekutuan 2015:


Hutang Bilateral Kerajaan Persekutuan: Jabatan Akauntan Negara

Hutang kerajaan dalam matawang Ringgit tidak akan terkesan langsung dengan pergerakan tukaran matawang asing.

Jadi tak perlulah Tun Mahathir menakutkan rakyat Malaysia tentang hutang luar negara kerajaan.

Tun tidak harus lupa pada tahun 1985 - 1986 semasa Tun memimpin kerajaan, hutang kerajaan persekutuan pernah melebihi 100% daripada saiz ekonomi negara:


Articles Include:  2nd Qld Branch Conference – Indonesia Building Networks – HSR Refresher Course - Spanish Dockers – BHP Push for Autonomous Vessels - Book Review–The Death Ship


          Queensland Branch News No 88 Friday 9 June 2017        

Articles include: Spanish Dockers Strike, Smit Lamnalco, Brisbane Ferries, Patrick Inter Hire, APM Terminals Gothenburg, Branch Raffle -  Harley Davidson, HSR Refresher Courses, Book Review – The Holocaust


          Furnished PG for men located at HSR layout        
This is a PG for men/Boys at HSR Layout near nandini cool joint with two wheeler parking facility fully furnished. You will see that there are individual rooms that are available with lockers. You wil[...]
          Entertainment in Bangalore - Theaters        
Entertainment in Bangalore

Bangalore Entertainment Centers: Travel around and take pleasure in the customary Music, theatres, cinema halls, dance, cultural programs and more.


Theaters

Anand Theatre
No.268, Modi Road, Devarjeevanahalli, Bangalore- 560045
Phone: 080-25478567

Aparna Theatre
No.20,Tank Bund Road, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22876393, 22287693

Parimala Theatre
City Mkt Sq, Kalasipalyam, Bangalore- 560002
Phone: 080-26705997, 26705843

Krishna Theatre
No.202, Devasandra, Basavanpura Main Road, Krishnarajapuram, Bangalore- 560036
Phone: 080-25902776

Sapna Theatre
No.25/26, Kempegowda Road, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22875089, 65740887

Nalanda Theatre
No.144,Mysore Road, Bangalore- 560026
Phone: 080-26741858

Anjan Theatre
10th Cross, Magadi Road, Bangalore- 560023
Phone: 080-23302945, 23115545

Savitha Theatre
No.1/2, Sampige Road, Malleswaram, Bangalore- 560003
Phone: 080-23444135

Pushpanjali Theatre
Kavalbyrasandra Main Road, Next To Sultanpalya Road, RT Nagar, Bangalore- 560032
Phone: 080-23331413

Santosh Theatre Majestic
Kg Circle, Kempegowda Road, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22875344

Nandini Theatre
6Th Main, 14th Cross, 2nd Stg, 2nd Phs, Woc Road, Mahalakshmipuram Layout, Bangalore- 560086
Phone: 080-23492108

Thulasi Theatre
No.45/2,Varthur Main Road, Marathahalli, Bangalore- 560037
Phone: 080-25231898

Adarsha Theatre
No.114/5, Om Road, Oppositeosite BTS Bus Stop, Ulsoor, Bangalore- 560008
Phone: 080-25551247

Venkateshwara Theatre
Devasandra,Venkateshwara Tent Road, Near Nethravathi Extn, Krishnarajapuram, Bangalore- 560036
Phone: 080-25612583

Sampige Theatre
Sampige Road, Malleswaram, Bangalore- 560003
Phone: 080-23444135

Kailash Theatre
No.4/5, Tribhuvan Cine Complex,5Th Main, 1st Cross, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22261101

Thirumala Theatre
Agara Main Road, Hsr Layout Koramangala, Bangalore- 560034
Phone: 080-25720300

Majestic Theatre
Kg Circle, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22871905

Veeresh Theatre
1St Cross, Magadi Rd Toll Gate, Agrahara Dasarahalli, Magadi Road, Bangalore- 560023
Phone: 080-23350455

Lakshmi Theatre
Balaji Nagar, Near Bangalore Diary, Tavarekere Road, Bangalore- 560081
Phone: 080-25538179

Prasanna Theatre
No.92,Magadi Rd Toll Gate, Magadi Road, Bangalore- 560023
Phone: 080-23354759

Chandrodaya Theatre
Vidyapeeta Circle, Kathriguppe Main Road, Bangalore- 560050
Phone: 080-26609720

Tribhuvan Theatre
No.p-1, 4 & 5,5Th Main Road, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22261101

Manoranjan Theatre
Near Mekhri Circle, Rmv Extension, Bangalore- 560094
Phone: 080-65960350

Movieland Theatre
No.250,SC Road, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-65655035

Mukunda Theatre
No.30,Maruthisevanagar, Banaswadi Main Road, Bangalore- 560033
Phone: 080-25470306

Natraj Theatre
No.186,Venkataranga Iyengar Road, Seshadripuram, Bangalore- 560020
Phone: 080-23444275

Uma Theatre
No.239/128,Bull Temple Road, Chamarajpet, Bangalore- 560018
Phone: 080-26611067

Cauvery Theatre
No.8/1, Sri T Chowdaiah Road, Sankey Road, Bangalore- 560020
Phone: 080-23361528

Lavanya Theatre
No.14,St Johns Road, Bangalore- 560042
Phone: 080-25362134, 25362314

Pallavi Theatre
Raja Ram Mohan Roy Road, Sampangiram Nagar, Bangalore- 560027
Phone: 080-22223191

Eshwari Theatre
No.43/2,100Feet Road, Banashankari 3Rd Stage, Bangalore- 560085
Phone: 080-26690022, 26693555

PVR Cinemas
No.21-22, 3rd Floor, Forum ShOppositeing Mall,Near Madiwala Check PoStreet, Hosur Road, Koramangala, Bangalore- 560034
Phone: 080-22067880

Innovative Multiplex
No.135,Outer Ring Road, Varthur Hobli, Near Marathahalli Junction, Marathahalli, Bangalore- 560037
Phone: 080-25225944, 41600099, 41600096, 25239196, 32920899

Inox Multiplex
Inox Leisure Ltd, 4th Floor, Garuda Mall,Magrath Road, Bangalore- 560025
Phone: 080-41128888

X-Canvas Studio
G-11 Gen Plaza, Infantry Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: Mobile: 9900229279

Urvasi Theatre
8 Rudrappa Cmpd H Siddaiah Road, Cross, Lalbagh Road, Bangalore- 560027
Phone: 080-22220187

Triveni Theatre
S C Road, K G Circle, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22871224

Srinivas Chithra Mandira
1st Main, Suddagunte Palya Madiwala-560029
Phone: 080-25536443

Sri Kamakhya Theater
No.43/2 100feet Ring Road, 1st Cross, 5th Block, 3rd Stg, Banashankari, Bangalore- 560085
Phone: 080-26693555

Sri Balaji Theatre
21 KV Tpl, Street, Vannarpet Main Road, Vivek Nagar, Bangalore- 560047
Phone: 080-25554639

Sharada Talkies
7 OTC Road, Dharmaraj Tpl, Near Corporation Area, Nagar, pet Main Road, Bangalore- 560002
Phone: 080-22223354

Shankarnag Chithra Mandira
P U Building, M G Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25585988

Sangeet Theatre
41 Central Street, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-22865098

Sagar Talkies
K G Road, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22263180

Rex Theatre
No.12,Next To Nilgiris, Brigade Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25587350, 25325788

Vishal Theatre
New # 318 , Magadi Main Road, Kamakshipalya, Basaveswara Nagar, Bangalore- 560079
Phone: 080-23486997

Vinayaka Theatre
125/98 My Road, Bangalore- 560018
Phone: 080-26700629

Vijayalakshmi Talkies
Chick Pet Main Road, Chickpet, Bangalore- 560053
Phone: 080-22871986

Pramod Theatres
92 Mgd Road, Bangalore- 560023
Phone: 080-23354086

Pradeep Theatre
290 City Mkt Sq, Bangalore- 560002
Phone: 080-26705843

Poornima Theatre Pvt Ltd
20, 1st Cross,J C Road, Wilson Garden,Bangalore 560027
Phone: 080-22238727

New Imperial Talkies
27/1 Commissariat Road, Bangalore- 560025
Phone: 080-25594546

Nanda Theatre
45 22nd Crs 5th Mn ,3rd Blk, Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
Phone: 080-26548894

Kapali Theatre
Gandhi Nagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22262211

Navarang Theatre
2nd Blk R Nagar, Bangalore- 560010
Phone: 080-23324186

Goverdan Theatre
46/2 , Industrial Surab,Yeswanthpur,Bangalore- 560022
Phone: 080-23370592

Elgin Talkies
Shivaji Road, Bangalore G.P.O, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-22865024

Balaji Theatre
Tavarekere Main Road, Balaji Nagar, Maruthi Nagar, Bangalore- 560081
Phone: 080-25535920

Apsara Theatre
City Market Square, Bangalore- 560002
Phone: 080-26704935

Amrut Theatre
Hennur Main Road, L R Puram, Bangalore- 560084
Phone: 080-65608174

Ajanta Talkies
Annaswamy Mudalier Road, Ulsoor, Bangalore- 560042
Phone: 080-25514590

Aadarsh Theatre
Old Madras Road, Ulsoor, Bangalore- 560042
Phone: 080-25551247

Abhinay Theatre
B.V.K. Iyengar Road, Gandhi Nagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22872029
          Books in Bangalore - Book Shops        
Books in Bangalore

Bangalore Travel Guidebooks: Get counsel, details and motivation to travel book and corner of Bangalore.

Sankars The Book People Pvt Ltd Infantry Rd
No.84/85, Safina Plaza,Infantry Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25595074

Sri Book World Basavanagudi
No.9, Lingaraju Complex,Below Food World, Gandhibazar Main Road, Basavanagudi, Bangalore- 560004
Phone: 080-26624904, 26608965, 41205679

Bible Society Of India Cox Town
No.16, Hall Road, Richards Town, Behind Clarence School, Cox Town, Bangalore- 560005
Phone: 080-25494789, 25494790, 25494791, 25494792

Book Shoppey
No.407/1, 1st C Cross, Near Forum Mall, Koramangala, Bangalore- 560034
Phone: 080-41104037, 25084623, 25538552

Select Book Shop
No.71,Brigade Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25580770

Navakarnataka Publications Pvt Ltd Cresent Road
No.11, 101/102, Embassy Centre,Post Box No.5159, Cresent Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-22203580, 22203581, 22203582

Prabhu Book House
No.179/y, Kc Das Building,3rd Block, 12th Main, Opposite Shakari Building, Rajajinagar, Bangalore- 560010
Phone: 080-23353125

Veena Book Centre
No.426, 2nd Floor, Alankar Pearl Plaza, Kempegowda Road, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22261132, 22876706

Geetha Agencies Balepet
No.3, 11 Upstairs,Balepet Square, Balepet, Bangalore- 560053
Phone: 080-22874226

V R Book Sellers
No.75, Radha Building,Malleshwaram Circle, Malleswaram, Bangalore- 560003
Phone: 080-23366114, 23314279

M P P House Gandhinagar
No.87, 1st Cross, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22260706; Fax: 080-22265901

Prism Books Pvt Ltd
N0.1865,32nd Cross, 10th Main Road, Banashankari 2nd Stage, Bangalore- 560070
Phone: 080-26714108, 26713979, 26714060, 26714108, 26714063

Sharada Stores Ulsoor
No.46,Swami Vivekananda Road, Old Madras Road, Near Ulsoor Police Station, Ulsoor, Bangalore- 560008
Phone: 080-25540240

Nagasri Educational Book Sellers
No.33, Shopping Complex, Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
Phone: 080-26630993, 26543465, 26665726, 22442381

Oxford University Press
No.94,4th B Cross, 5th B, Km Industrial Layout Koramangala, Bangalore- 560034
Phone: 080-25534286, 25538736, 41216288

Shwetha Agencies
No.400/7, Ooliga Complex,Sampige Road, Near 8th Cross, Malleswaram, Bangalore- 560003
Phone: 080-23465213, 22191070

Odyssey India Pvt Ltd Jayanagar
No.74,Elephant Rock Road, 3rd Block, Abv Spencers Daily, Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
Phone: 080-41502224, 26656507, 32533008

Saraswati Book Centre
No.1/1, 5th Block, Bhashyam Circle, 59th Cross, Rajajinagar, Bangalore- 560010
Phone: 080-23152101

Medical Book Co
No.40, 1st Floor, Laxmi Complex,Opposite Vani Vilas Hospital, Krishna Rao Road, Bangalore- 560004
Phone: 080-26707525

Pauline Book & Media Centre
No.21,Museum Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25587106

Om Books Pvt Ltd
No.4m/143,4Th Main Road, 3rd Block, Hrbr Layout Kalyan Ngr Main Road, Abv Food World, Kammanahalli, Bangalore- 560043- 560033
Phone: 080-25432850, 25475327

Oxford Book Store Jayanagar
No.320,40th Cross, 9th Main, 5th Block, Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
Phone: 080-22457190, 22457196

Book Palace
No.75, 8th Main, 30th Cross, 4th Block, Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
Phone: 080-22440972, 41211606, 26340972; Mobile: 9845770839

Fountain Head Book Stall
No.41, Cristu Complex,Lavelle Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-22219777, 22229759; Mobile: 9343745583

Avenue Book Centre
No.44, Avenue Road, Bangalore- 560002
Phone: 080-22244753l;Mobile: 9341254836

Prism Book Shop
No.16,11th Main Road, 4th Block, Ashoka Pillar Road, Opposite To Maurya Bakery, Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
Phone: 080-26637527, 26635548; Mobile: 9844066375

Bible Society Of India Mg Rd
No.206, MG Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-41124714, 41124715

Sai Book Shoppe
No.319, 1st Floor, Farah Centre, CMH Road, 100Feet Road, Indiranagar, Bangalore- 560038
Phone: 080-25215105

Macmillan India Ltd Info Processing Services
No.137, Hmg Ambassador,Opposite To Bangalore Club, Residency Road, Bangalore- 560025
Phone: 080-41784242, 41784222, 22214014; Fax: 080-22271015

Hema Stores Indiranagar
No.421/k,1st Stg, Krishna Temple Road, Indiranagar, Bangalore- 560038
Phone: 080-25283714, 25219318

Landmark Home Store
No.150/1 & 2,Hosur Road, Opposite Big Bazaar, Koramangala, Bangalore- 560034
Phone: 080-22067634, 22067635, 22067636, 22067637, 22067638, 22067639, 22067444

Premier Book Shop
No.46/1,Church Street, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25588570, 25091220

Vedanta Book House
No.92,6th Main Road, Appu Rao Road, Opposite To Uma Theatre, Chamarajpet, Bangalore- 560018
Phone: 080-26507590

Puliani & Puliani
Sujatha Complex,1st Cross, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22265500, 22254052, 32958884

Subash Stores/Subhas Stationery
No.72,Opposite Union Bank Of India, Avenue Road, Bangalore- 560002
Phone: 080-22216624, 22215369, 26507309, 65983431

Oxford Book Store Kodihalli
No.b4-B8, The Leela Galleria, No.23,Airport Main Road, Kodihalli, Bangalore- 560008
Phone: 080-41155222, 41155223, 41125287, 66155223

Crossword Books & More Enterprises Pvt Ltd Indiran
No.2981, Icon Mall,5Th Cross, 12th Main Road, Indiranagar, Bangalore- 560038
Phone: 080-25213009, 25213011, 25213009

Hema Stores Viveknagar
No.21/2, Sri Balaji Theatre Complex,Vannarpet Main Road, Viveknagar, Bangalore- 560047
Phone: 080-25575110, 25910984

Book Paradise
No.75, NIIT Towers, 8th E Main Road, 4th Block, Jayanagar, Bangalore- 560011
Phone: 080-26637466, 41210027, 22456286, 41210636

Higginbothams Ltd
No.74,MG Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25586574, 25091768, 25587359, 25586574, 25091696, 25091697

Crossword Books & More Enterprises Pvt Ltd Residen
No.32, Ground Floor, Acr Tower, Opposite Hotel Taj Gateway, Near Galaxy Theatre, Residency Road, Bangalore- 560025
Phone: 080-25582413, 25582415, 25582412, 25582416, 25582414, 25582411

Sapna Book House Gandhinagar
3rd Main Road, Near Kamath Yathri Nivas Hotel, Gandhinagar, Bangalore- 560009
Phone: 080-22266088, 40114455; Fax: 080-22269648

Gangarams Book Bureau & Gallery
No.72, 1Street, 2nd & 3rd Floor,MG Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-25581618, 25587277, 25325878, 25589678, 25581113

Global Learning Systems
No.10/6, 1st Floor,6th A Cross, Victoria Road, Bangalore- 560007
Phone: 080-25564687, 32956058

Bookworm
No.32, Basement, Behind Shoe Track, Brigade Road, Bangalore- 560001
Phone: 080-41126755; Mobile: 9845076757

Strand Book Stall
1st Floor, South Block, Manipal Centre,Dickenson Road, Bangalore- 560042
Phone: 080-25580000; Fax: 080-25582222

Tata Book House
Iisc Campus,Indian Institute Of Science, Science Institute, Bangalore- 560012
Phone: 080-23602715, 23604300, 32966301

Saraswathi Empowering Minds
ShOpposite No.28, BDA Complex,Hsr Layout, Bangalore- 560034
Phone: 080-25726370
          Comment on Oakland News: Coliseum JPA Interviews McKibben; Mayor Schaaf’s Epic Speech by Steve Lowe        
Thanks for mentioning that I should ping Libby regarding HSR at the Coli. I think first, however, she has to have chosen an Economic Development advisor who's willing to look at the longer arc of Oakland's trajectory within the confines of the greater Bay Area metropolitan region and reassess what it really means to the transportation epicenter here – and take advantage of it for the sake of moving Oakland's economy to a higher and better position, complete with more jobs, opportunities and PLAs for everyone. I don't hear many policymakers extolling that vision, and it's worrisome in that it likely means business as usual will continue at City Hall and therefore all the usual consultants will continue telling every elected personage pretty much what they all strongly hint they want to hear anyway during the preselection round. After all, Oakland's xenophobia (no pun intended!) is a good part of the reason we're frequently mired in the gunk and other problems we have, ironically, most of that condition having to do with the institutional racism and classism that tends to settle on and around transportation hubs pretty much all across the country! Living on the other side of the tracks is a pretty ancient phenomenon; today, we've merely added "under the freeway" as part of that same syndrome. So all I'm saying is can we at least have a Plan B for HSR that has an option to include the Coli if by some ridiculous chance the Authority might blunder with respect to cost overruns or bad bolts from Mongolia or something else that could possibly go wrong with a budget that already not a single person anywhere in this State or Washington DC believes for a single second is at all accurate. To find extra funding by going out to the voters of California once again and saying that no one ever guessed this megaproject would be more expensive than at first calculated is going to be quite dicey for anyone in Sacramento I would think – unless, of course, there's a cost-cutting Plan B in place that saves, let's say, maybe six or so billion dollars by making the Coli the Bay Area's Grand Central Station and thereby abandoning the notion that HSR needs to plow through all those horrified Peninsula cities (of which several are currently engaged in litigation to stop the thing from destroying their downtowns). My less-than-official vote-calculator says that all the East Bay would vote for that option, plus all the Peninsula, plus all the North Bay folks, too, as they'll see more of an opportunity to access the primary HSR feeder, i.e. BART, in Richmond than in downtown Frisco. (I get to call it that now that Herb Caen is no longer around because I was born there and am constantly steamed that Oakland is still a prime subject of derision by all the newbies on that side of the Bay who claim to love SF, while all the time complaining about the fog and how our jejune West Coast culture, food, amenities, etc., can't compare with New York!) So is it so terrible to have such a Plan B standing by just in case? Better for the Bay Area economy, better for Oakland, maybe even a mind-changer for all those major league teams now at the Coli who could see that an HSR-connected Coliseum City at buildout would have worldwide renown, drawing even more fans than super-congested, stuffy old Frisco ever can: they're all at the opera anyway pretending to be so wonderfully cultured that even the thought of a monster chili-cheese corndog would make them turn even paler than they already are. The question is: what consultant would be willing to undertake even a quick mini-study to evaluate a Plan B and then face the wrath of the Sacto-based Friscophile-insiders who rule our Northern California roost?
          Comment on Oakland News: Mayor Libby Schaaf’s MLK, Coliseum City Errors Fixable by Steve        
Zennie, you say: "...there are too many politicians involved at too high a level. Libby needs to bite the bullet and tab someone as the “czar” for this project." I would agree, but only if the bullet to be bitten is the bullet train, as its arrival at the Coliseum is a real game changer for the teams to consider before departing for SF, LA, SJ or anywhere else on the planet that their (misguided?) owners seem to feel is their ditzy destiny. If the Bay Area's grand central stop were to be Oakland, the economy of this city would soar into the stratosphere, and we'd be saving the High Speed Rail Authority billions – to say nothing of the cost overruns that misspending those billions would demand. Just think about all the litigation awaiting HSR right now from all the Peninsula cities who know that undergrounding the system through their turf just will not happen from the standpoint of cost alone. So let's save Palo Alto and all the rest – to say nothing of the bewildered taxpayers of California who stand to gain nothing whatsoever from HSR! – a huge amount of overcharging and bring the line into Oakland where BART can be the primary feeder to its new grand central railhead at the Coliseum. That railhead can be built, branded and billed as America's premier Ecohiub of Transportation, anchored by three major league teams and infused with a new retail dynamic that reflects Oakland's true position as the obvious epicenter of the Bay Area. Even Lew Wolff would have to rethink that dynamic, yes? ??????? - S
          Alguns trens pelo mundo        
O CRH2 da China
 

O THSR de Singapura
 

 O KTX da Coréia do Sul
 


O  SHINKANZEN do Japão
 

 O AVE da Espanha
 

O EUROSTAR Britânico
 

 O TGV Francês
 

 O metrô de Dubai
 
 

 CENTRAL DO BRASIL Rio de Janeiro
 

 E agora o melhor!!!

O metrô na Índia
 
 
 
 

 E para finalizar!!!

O trem no Paquistão


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          Comment on 99 Variety Dosa, HSR Layout by Siddharth Mathur        
One cool thing that you should highlight on this page: Dosas are made on a coal fired tawa. Many in parallel. The sight of them getting made is half the fun :D
          Perhatian Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam Terhadap Shalat Dua Rakaat Sebelum Subuh        
Shalat-shalat sunnat rawâtib (shalat yang menyertai shalat fardhu) tidak sama keutamannya. Shalat sunnat Subuh lah yang menempati urutan teratas. Sebab, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam tidak pernah meninggalkannya meski beliau berada dalam perjalanan. Ibnul Qayyim rahimahullah menyatakan bahwa perhatian dan konsistensi beliau paling besar pada shalat sunnat Subuh. Oleh sebab itu, beliau tidak pernah melupakannya, baik saat berada di rumah ataupun bepergian.[1] 

Ummul Mukminîn, 'Aisyah Radhiyallahu anhuma menceritakan: 

لَمْ يَكُنِ النَّبِيُّ عَلَى شَيْئٍ مِنَ النَّوَافِلِ أَشَدَّ تَعَاهُداً مِنْهُ عَلَى رَكْعَتَيْ الْفَجْرِ 

Nabi tidak pernah menjaga shalat sunnat melebihi perhatian beliau terhadap dua rakaat sebelum Subuh [Muttaqa 'alaih]

Hadits ini menunjukkan semangat Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam untuk memelihara dua rakaat ini daripada shalat sunnat yang lain. 

Dalam shalat ini, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menjalankannya dengan ringan, tidak lama. Di rakaat pertama, beliau membaca surat al-Kâfirûn. Sementara di rakaat terakhir, membaca surat al-Ikhlâsh. Dua surat yang memuat tauhid 'ilmi dan 'amali. Makna yang tersirat di dalamnya adalah agar saat memulai harinya, seorang Muslim telah mengikrarkan berlepas diri dari syirik dan kaum musyrikin dan sebaliknya, yaitu menyatakan kebanggaannya terhadap tauhid dan kaum muwahhidîn (orang-orang yang bertauhid). Ini karena shalat sunnat Subuh, seperti dikatakan Syaikhul Islam rahimahullah, laksana pembuka amaliah seorang Muslim.[2] 

Untuk memotivasi umat agar menjalankan sunnah ini, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam telah menggambarkan besarnya keutamaan ibadah shalat dua rakaat sebelum Subuh ini. Maka, rugilah orang yang melalaikannya, apalagi sampai tidak pernah mengerjakannya sama sekali. Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam , bersabda: 

رَكْعَتَا الْفَجْرِ خَيْرٌ مَنَ الدُّنْيَا وَمَا فِيْهَا

Dua rakaat (sebelum) Subuh lebih baik daripada dunia seisinya [HR. Muslim]. 

Dalam riwayat lain, 

لَهُمَا أَحَبُّ إِلَيَّ مَنَ الدُّنْيَا جَمِيْعًا 

Dua rakaat itu lebih aku cintai ketimbang seluruh dunia [HR. Muslim]

Demikianlah pahala besar yang telah dijanjikan Allah k bagi orang yang menjalankan ibadah shalat sunnat Subuh. Siapa yang mau menyambutnya? Wallâhu a'lam

Disalin dari majalah As-Sunnah Edisi 06-07/Tahun XII/1430H/2009M. Diterbitkan Yayasan Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo – Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo Solo 57183 Telp. 0271-761016]
______
Footnote
[1]. Zâdul Ma'âd (1/304)
[2]. Lihat Zâdul Ma'âd (1/306-307), Bahjatun Nâzhirîn (2/294)

KEUTAMAAN SHALAT SUNNAH RAWATIB

عَنْ أُمِّ حَبِيبَةَ زَوْجِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنَّهَا قَالَتْ سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ مَا مِنْ عَبْدٍ مُسْلِمٍ يُصَلِّي لِلَّهِ كُلَّ يَوْمٍ ثِنْتَيْ عَشْرَةَ رَكْعَةً تَطَوُّعًا غَيْرَ فَرِيضَةٍ إِلاَّ بَنَى اللَّهُ لَهُ بَيْتًا فِي الْجَنَّةِ أَوْ إِلاَّ بُنِيَ لَهُ بَيْتٌ فِي الْجَنَّةِ قَالَتْ أَمُّ حَبِيبَةَ فَمَا بَرِحْتُ أُصَلِّيهِنَّ بَعْدُ 

Dari Ummu Habîbah Radhiyallahu anhuma , istri Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam , dia berkata: Aku mendengar Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda: "Tidaklah seorang hamba yang Muslim melakukan shalat sunnat karena Allah, (sebanyak) dua belas raka`at dalam setiap hari, kecuali Allah Azza wa Jalla akan membangunkan baginya sebuah rumah (istana) di surga". (Kemudian) Ummu Habîbah Radhiyallahu anhuma berkata: “Setelah aku mendengar hadits ini aku tidak pernah meninggalkan shalat-shalat tersebut”. [1] 

Hadits yang agung ini menunjukkan keutamaan shalat sunnah rawatib, sehingga Imam an-Nawâwi rahimahullah mencantumkan hadits ini sebagai hadits yang pertama dalam bab keutamaan shalat sunnat rawatib (yang dikerjakan) bersama shalat wajib (yang lima waktu), dalam kitab beliau "Riyâdhus Shâlihîn"[2] . 

Mutiara hikmah yang dapat kita petik dari hadits ini adalah:
1. Shalat sunnat rawatib adalah shalat sunnat yang dikerjakan sebelum dan sesudah shalat wajib lima waktu.[3] 

2. Dalam riwayat dari 'Aisyah Radhiyallahu anhuma, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menjelaskan dan memerinci sendiri makna "dua belas rakaat" yang disebutkan dalam hadits di atas [4] , yaitu: empat rakaat sebelum shalat Zhuhur dan dua rakaat sesudahnya, dua rakaat sesudah Maghrib, dua rakaat sesudah Isya' dan dua rakaat sebelum Subuh.[5] Adapun riwayat yang menyebutkan: "…Dua rakaat sebelum shalat Ashar", ini adalah riwayat yang lemah [6] karena menyelisihi riwayat yang lebih kuat yang kami sebutkan sebelumnya.[7] 

3. Keutamaan yang disebutkan dalam hadits di atas adalah bagi orang yang menjaga shalat-shalat sunnat rawatib dengan melaksanakannya secara kontinyu, sebagaimana yang dipahami dan dikerjakan oleh Ummu Habîbah Radhiyallahu anhuma, perawi hadits di atas. Demikian yang diterangkan oleh para Ulama.[8] 

4. Jika seseorang tidak bisa melakukan shalat sunnat rawatib pada waktunya karena ada udzur (sempitnya waktu, sakit, lupa dan lain-lain) maka dia boleh mengqadhâ` (menggantinya) di waktu lain [9]. Ini ditunjukkan dalam banyak hadits shahîh.[10] 

5. Dalam hadits ini terdapat perintah untuk selalu mengikhlaskan amal ibadah kepada Allah Azza wa Jalla semata-mata.

6. Hadits ini juga menunjukkan keutamaan amal ibadah yang dikerjakan secara kontinyu, Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam bersabda: "Amal (ibadah) yang paling dicintai Allah Azza wa Jalla adalah amal yang paling kontinyu dikerjakan meskipun sedikit" [11] 

7. Semangat dan kesungguhan para Sahabat Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dalam memahami dan mengamalkan petunjuk dan sunnat Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam . Inilah yang menjadikan mereka lebih utama dalam agama dibandingkan generasi yang datang setelah mereka. Wallahu a’lam. (Ustadz Abdullah Taslim al-Buthoni)

Disalin dari majalah As-Sunnah Edisi 04/Tahun XII/1430H/2009M. Diterbitkan Yayasan Lajnah Istiqomah Surakarta, Jl. Solo – Purwodadi Km.8 Selokaton Gondangrejo Solo 57183 Telp. 0271-761016]
______
Footnote
[1]. HSR Muslim (no. 728).
[2]. Riyâdhus Shâlihîn (bab no. 195, hal. 1409).
[3]. Lihat keterangan Imam an-Nawâwi dalam "Shahîh Muslim" (1/502).
[4]. Lihat keterangan Syaikh al-'Utsaimîn dalam "Syarh Riyâdhish Shâlihîn" (3/282).
[5]. HR an-Nasâ-i (3/261), at-Tirmidzi (2/273) dan Ibnu Mâjah (1/361). Lihat Shahîh Sunan Ibnu Mâjah (no. 935).
[6]. Dinyatakan lemah oleh Syaikh al-Albâni dalam "Dha'îful Jâmi'ish Shagîr" (no. 5672).
[7]. Lihat kitab "Bughyatul Mutathawwi'" (hal. 22).
[8]. Lihat misalnya kitab "Faidhul Qadîr" (6/166).
[9]. Demikian keterangan yang kami dengar langsung dari guru kami yang mulia, Syaikh ‘Abdul Muhsin al-'Abbâd. 
[10]. Lihat kitab "Bughyatul Mutathawwi'" (hal. 29, 33-34).
[11]. HSR al-Bukhâri (no. 6099) dan Muslim (no. 783).

http://almanhaj.or.id/content/3777/slash/0/perhatian-rasulullah-shallallahu-alaihi-wa-sallam-terhadap-shalat-dua-rakaat-sebelum-subuh/

          Persoalan2 ECRL Yang WIN ! Harap Kerajaan Baca Dan Jawap ... Kalau Boleh la...        
KENA BACA artikel nukilan di bawah yang saya copypaste dari blog Darahtuah. Saya percaya analisis dan persoalan2 yang dikemukakan adalah lebih bersifat praktikal tanpa membabitkan politik. Yakni penulis meletakkan kebajikan rakyat di depan.

Saya highlitekan nombor 4 kerana ia berkenaan projek ECRL, jangan risau, bahasanya mudah difahami.
  1. Hutang kerajaan telah melonjak 88.1% dari RM348.6 bilion (2009) kepada RM655.7 bilion (Jun 2016) atau 54.8% daripada nilai GDP kita. Lalu Bayaran Khidmat Hutang melonjak 104% dari RM14.2 bilion (2009) kepada RM26.6 bilion (2016). Nisbah Bayaran Khidmat Hutang pun turut meningkat; dari 9.0% kepada 12.5% dalam tempoh tersebut. Pada tahun 2017, hutang berkenaan akan menokok lagi sebanyak RM40.3 bilion, sebelum ditolak Bayaran Khidmat Hutang.
  1. Dalam pada itu, dilaporkan hutang terbaru atau bakal dipinjam yang besar-besar, antaranya, adalah seperti berikut:
      a) Hutang MRT 1, 2 & 3 = RM120 b
      b) Hutang HSR   =          RM60 b
      c) Hutang 1MDB =          RM53 b
      d) Hutang ECRL =          RM55 b
      e) Hutang LRT3 =          RM10 b
                  Jumlah =          RM298 b
  1. Seterusnya saya difahamkan kerajaan juga komited terhadap liabiliti hutang off-budget. Justeru saya mohon YB Menteri memberikan gambaran yang lengkap dengan memaklumkan:
a ) Berapakah jumlah hutang kerajaan Persekutuan?
    i) dalam dan luar negara?
    ii) di bawah bajet dan di luar bajet (off budget) saperti PFI, hutang 1MDB, MRT, LRT dan Lebuhraya Pan Borneo?

        b) Apakah saiz hutang tersebut dari segi:
            i) nisbah kepada GDP?
            ii) defisit fiskal?
         iii) dan yang lebih penting lagi, apakah tahap kemampuan membayar balik hutang dari segi debt service ratio?

       c) Mengetahui banyak projek tersebut adalah tidak self financing seperti Lebuhraya Pan Borneo, ECRL, MRT dan UiTM, mohon diperjelaskan sumber dan kaedah funding dan keadah financing masing-masing.

      d) Bagaimanakah kerajaan hendak membayar balik ke semua hutang tersebut sedangkan kerajaan mengalami kesempitan sumber kewangan?

  1. Khusus mengenai ECRL yang hebuh sekarang ini, izinkan saya mendapat beberapa penjelasan dari YB Menteri:
a) Sesungguhnya Projek ini bukanlah projek baru. Kajian telah dibuat oleh JICA pada tahun 1984. Anggaran kos pada masa itu dilaporkan sebanyak RM7 bilion. Kini ianya telah meningkat hampir 700% kepada RM55 bilion. Saya akui kos telah dan meningkat tetapi adakah ianya setinggi itu? Dalam pada itu, pendapatan rakyat dan negara tidaklah pula melonjak setinggi dan sehebat itu. Justeru apakah penyebab lonjakan tersebut?

b) Yang lebih penting lagi ialah jika dulu, dengan kos sebanyak RM7 bilion, didapati ianya tidak viable, apakah kini dengan kos sebanyak RM55 bilion sudah menjadi viable? Sudahkan Feasibility Study dan Cost Benefit Analysis dibuat? Apakah penemuan-penemuanya?

Berapakah harga tiket penumpang pergi balik KL – Kota Baru yang akan dikenakan berbanding dengan harga tiket tambang murah kapal terbang? Berapa lamakah perjalanan ke destinasi yang sama berbanding kapal terbang?

Berapa ramaikah penumpang setahun yang diunjurkan berbanding dengan threshold bilangan penumpang yang diperlukan untuk mencapai Break Even Point (BEP)? Berapa banyakkah pula kargo setahun yang diunjurkan berbanding dengan threshold  muatan kargo yang diperlukan untuk mencapai BEP?

c) saya juga perhatikan dari laporan-laporan yang saya baca, kadar kelajuan maksima ECRL kita ini hanyalah 170 km sejam manakala kosnya pula ialah RM92 juta seKM. Jika dibandingkan dengan kelajuan dan kos seKM kita dengan HSR di Turkey (250 Km/jam; RM25 juta/Km); Sepanyol (300 Km/jam; RM34 juta/Km), Jepun (320/Km; RM36 juta/Km), Perancis (320/Km; RM37 juta/Km) dan China (350 Km/jam; RM66/Km) maka kos ECRL memanglah boleh menjadi bahan polimik.

d) saya sedar hostile terrain boleh menyumbang kepada kos yang tinggi berbanding terrain yang mesra alam. Jika alasan inilah yang diberikan maka saya ingin menarik perhatian YB Menteri bahawa, secara perbandingan, HSR Turkey menghadapi a very difficult stretch of about  200 Km, memerlukan  39 buah terowong dan 33 jambatan manakala our difficult stretch hanyalah 60 Km di Karak – Bentung, sebuah jambatan di Temerluh dan  tanah lembut sepanjang 7 Km di Kuantan. Justeru berikanlah saya sebab-sebab lain yang munasabah.

e) seterusnya apakah syarat-syarat dan terma pinjaman tersebut seperti kadar faedah, tempoh bayaran balik, grace period, asset swapping (jika ada), bekalan atau supplies seperti bahan binaan dan makanan, pengambilan pekerja asing dan tempatan secara langsung, kuota khas untuk Bumiputera dari segi kontrak, pekerjaan dan bekalan bahan binaan dan makanan?

5) Selanjutnya saya mohon pencerahan berhubung angka RM144 bilion yang digembar-gemburkan ekoran dari lawatan YAB PM ke China pada bulan November 2016. Gambaran yang diberikan seolah-olah semuanya bakal pelaburan (FDI) China di Malaysia. Mohon YB Menteri berikan pecahan dari segi:
  • FDI di Malaysia
  • Pinjaman oleh Malaysia
  • Pembelian oleh Malaysia atau China
  • Pelaburan Malaysia di China, dan
  • Import / Eksport.
  1. Dimaklumkan kedudukan kita dari segi kebahagian (happiness) telah menurun; dari tangga ke 56 ke tangga ke 61, menurut World Happiness Index. Begitu juga kedudukan kekayaan kita telah menurun dari tangga ke 39 (2009) ke tangga 44 (2015) berdasarkan Legatum Prosperity Index. Impak semua ini ialah kedudukakn kita, berdasarkan HDI, menurun 2 mata ke tangga 62.
  1. Kenaikan harga minyak petrol, kenaikan harga minyak masak dan kenaikan kos sara hidup amnya akan memburukkan lagi lanskap ini. Di samping Bajet 2017 ini, apakah Pelan B yang akan kerajaan laksanakan untuk membaik pulih keadaan tersebut?
  1. Kerajaan menyuruh kita berbelanja secara berhemah, utamakan value for money dan tumpukan kepada low investment high returns. Namun apa yang dilakukan oleh kerajaan nampaknya adalah di sebaliknya. Sebagai contoh, difahamkan kos asal BRT Sunway sepanjang 5 km itu hanyalah RM300 juta. Namun kosnya telah melonjak 110% kepada RM634 juta dan purata kosnya seKM adalah sebanyak RM115 juta bagi 1,000 penumpang.
  2. Kos ini tentulah dilihat begitu exorbitant dan membuat kita melopong jika dibandingkan dengan kos membina seKm LRT yang lengkap di Jakarta dan boleh membawa 20,000 penumpang hanyalah RM80 juta seKM! Sudah tentu kos koc LRT sepatutnyalah lebih mahal dari bas tetapi kos LRT Jakarta terbukti jauh lebih murah. Mohon YB Menteri jelaskan lonjakan kos ini dan sebab-sebab kos kita lebih mahal dari LRT Jakarta.
  1. Begitu juga dengan kos membina MRT. Semasa membentangkan Bajet 2011, YAB PM/MKI telah memaklumkan kepada Dewan yang mulia ini bahawa ianya adalah dibiayai oleh pihak swasta. Kini, saya difahamkan, ianya ditanggung oleh kerajaan. Bagaimanakah ianya boleh bertukar sedemikian? Adakah kos tersebut kini telah dimasukkan ke dalam Bajet 2017?
  1. Dalam pada itu, nampaknya kos pembinaannya macam tidak terkawal. Mengikut laporan, kos pembinaan MRT1 kita adalah sebanyak RM451 juta per KM; 110% lebih tinggi dari kos membina MRT Jakarta iaitu hanyalah RM215 juta! Jika dibandingkan dengan Singapura pun kita lebih mahal – RM442 juta per KM! Mengapa kos kita jauh lebih tinggi?
  1. Anggaran kos asal sapertimana yang diunjurkan oleh PEMANDU hanyalah RM40 bilion. Dilaporkan kini ianya telah menjangkau lebih RM70 bilion! Adakah laporan tersebut benar? Jika benar, apakah yang menyebabkan cost overrun ini dan adakah ianya munasabah / justified?
  1. Kos membina MRT2 juga lebih tinggi dari kos membina MRT1. Setelah dibuat normalisation dari segi underground dan elevation, kos pembinaan MRT1 adalah sebanyak 6 juta / KM berbanding RM404.0 juta/KM untuk membina MRT2 iaitu lonjakan asebanyak 23%! Mengapakah boleh berlaku demikian?
  1. Seterusnya apakah faedah yang telah diperolehi oleh Bumuputera dari segi nilai kontrak, bilangan pekerjaan mengikut kategori seperti pengurusan, professional dan telnikal dan bekalan bahan-bahan pembinaan?
  2. Dari segi keutamaan dan berhemah, wajarkah kerajaan menghabiskan wang rakyat sebanyak RM100 juta dengan membina jambatan pejalan kaki yang menghubungkan KL Sentral dengan Taman Tasik yang mana unjuran purata penggunanya tidak sampai pun 1,000 orang sehari?
  1. Patutkah kerajaan berbelanja RM350 juta ke atas sebuah terowong yang menghubungkan stesyen MRT di depan Muzium Negara dengan KL Sentral sedangkan ianya berhampiran dengan jambatan pejalan kaki yang saya sebutkan tadi dan unjuran purata penggunanya juga tidak sampai pun 1,000 orang sehari?

KLiK untuk bacaan seterusnya. Diharap penulisan Darahtuah mendapat perhatian pihak kerajaan dan jawapan2 yang tepat dapat diberikan.


          Aquí sigo...        

Pues sí, aunque no lo parezca por lo cada vez más espaciado de mis entradas, aquí sigo... Sigo corriendo, y sigo disfrutando del Running... Por motivos que ahora no vienen a cuento, apenas tengo tiempo para juntar mis tres salidas semanales de rigor... Pero, más o menos, lo consigo casi siempre... Apenas quedan 16 días para la LPA NightRun, y hay que llevar la bonita bandera de Liebre, lo más dignamente posible...

Ya se van conociendo detalles sobre la carrera... El circuito, parece que, por fin, es definitivo, y en una reunión previa con el Equipazo de Liebres Populares, se han definido las banderas y titulares de las mismas... Publicaré una previa lo más completa posible en próximos días, pero ya puedo anunciar que habrán banderas para hacer la Media Maratón en 1:30, 1:40, 1:45, 1:50, 2:00 y 2:10.

Como todos saldremos juntos (21K y 10K), los que vayan a por el 10.000 pueden adaptarse a la bandera que mejor les venga... Mi misión será llevar el ritmo de 2:00 (5:41 Min / Km), junto con Juan Toral, miembro de los Lovely Runners y muy activo por las redes sociales, intentaremos que los que hagan la prueba con nosotros, se lleven un buen recuerdo, una gran marca y sobretodo, mucho amor.

Reunión de Liebres Populares de la HSR NightRun
En otro orden de cosas, el mundo runner local, sigue tan activo como siempre, con cada vez más praticantes de este apasionante deporte modo de vida... La Gran Canaria Maratón anuncia importantísimas novedades que deben ser analizadas con detalle... Surgen nuevas pruebas... Repiten y se consolidan otras que merece la pena no perderse... y encima, en próximos días, el Periódico La Provincia, incluirá algo de este humilde bloguero... 

Por tanto, parece que no me faltarán temas para actualizar este sitio bastantes semanas más...

 Â¡Mucho Running y Mucha Diversión!

          Vuelta al Parque Romano con Premio        

El Parque Romano de Las Palmas es mi Patio Recreacional para trotes y correteos... En casi 7 años, he debido de dar casi 10.000 vueltas al mismo... He entrenado a todas horas, me he cruzado con todo tipo de fauna, más o menos recomendable, y hasta he competido en dos divertidísimas Carreras de 24 Horas.

Este Jueves 6 de Octubre, tendrá lugar una iniciativa bastante innovadora en el mismo. A la conclusión de un Entrenamiento Promocional para la próxima Las Palmas NightRun, a eso de las 20:30 horas, se hará una Competición para ver quien da la vuelta más rápida al Parque.

Las Reglas son sencillas... Prohibido RecortarObligatorio Buen Comportamiento Ético/Deportivo (No valen empujones, escupitajos, codazos, apuñalamientos, insultos a familiares, ni lanzamientos de  objetos contundentes) y el sentido de giro será el de la mayoría, o sea, en Sentido antiHorario.

El Premio para los 3 Hombres y 3 Mujeres más rápidos, será un Dorsal Gratuito para la carrera en cuestión, ahora rebautizada como HSR Nightrun Las Palmas de Gran Canaria

Mi MMP es 3:58, estoy seguro que muchos y muchas la harán más rápido... Allí estaré para verlo y pasar un rato la mar de entretenido...


¡¡Nos vemos el Jueves!!... donde siempre.. ;-)

          â€œAll Thieves Must Be Killed”        

Summary

The mayor said, “All thieves must be killed.” He said it was an order.

−Witness to the execution of Fulgence Rukundo on December 6, 2016

Rwandan security forces summarily executed at least 37 suspected petty offenders in Rwanda’s Western Province between July 2016 and March 2017. Soldiers arbitrarily arrested and shot most of the victims, in what appears to be an officially sanctioned strategy to execute suspected thieves, smugglers, and other petty offenders, instead of prosecuting them. These killings, carried out by and with the backing of state agents, are a blatant violation of both Rwandan law and international human rights law.

Human Rights Watch also documented four enforced disappearances of suspected petty offenders between April and December 2016. The victims’ families believe the security forces killed their loved ones, but their bodies have not been found. In two other incidents documented by Human Rights Watch, in August 2016 and April 2017, authorities encouraged local residents to kill suspected thieves, and they did in fact beat the victims to death.

This report documents serious violations committed by the security forces in Rubavu and Rutsiro districts in Rwanda’s Western Province, including extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, and threats against family members and other witnesses to the violations. The report is based on 119 interviews conducted between January and July 2017 with 119 family members, witnesses, government officials, and others knowledgeable about the arrests and executions. Human Rights Watch has received credible reports of at least six other extrajudicial executions that it is continuing to verify, including some cases allegedly committed as recently as June 2017, and some cases in Rusizi district (Western Province) and Musanze district (Northern Province).

Expand

Most victims were accused of stealing items such as bananas, a cow, or a motorcycle. Others were suspected of smuggling marijuana, illegally crossing the border from the Democratic Republic of Congo into Rwanda, or of using illegal fishing nets. No effort was made to establish their guilt or bring them to justice. Instead of investigating the killings and enforced disappearances and providing information or assistance to the families, local authorities, including law enforcement officials, threatened some who dared to
ask questions.

Some victims were first arrested by civilian authorities who then took them to nearby military stations. Soldiers then executed the victims at or near the military base, sometimes after ill-treating them in detention. Witnesses who saw the bodies soon after the executions said they saw bullet wounds and injuries that seemed to have been caused by beatings or stabbings. One victim had been stabbed in the heart; another had a cord around his neck.

A man suspected of stealing a cow was arrested by local military and civilian officials and detained for a night in the local government office, where soldiers arrived and beat him and stabbed him in the leg with a knife. The next day, soldiers shot him dead. Soldiers forced another man to carry the remains of the cow he was accused of stealing on his back for more than five kilometers, with the cow’s head on his head. After presenting the victim to local residents, local officials, and the military during a public community meeting, soldiers then walked him to a nearby field and shot him dead. Another man was beaten to death for not turning up for community work he was required to perform.

Members of the military or the police killed at least 11 men on Lake Kivu in Rubavu and Rutsiro districts for using illegal nets known as kaningini while night fishing. There were survivors who described how they had jumped out of their fishing canoes and swam away from the approaching military or police boats. Those left behind in the canoes were shot dead by the officers.

Expand

In some cases, other security forces such as the Inkeragutabara, an auxiliary force of the Rwandan army, and the District Administration Security Support Organ (DASSO), a local defense force that supports the police, were involved in the executions.

These killings were not isolated events, but appear to be part of an official strategy. In most of the cases documented by Human Rights Watch, local military and civilian authorities told residents after the execution, often during public meetings, that they were following “new orders” or a “new law” stating that all thieves and other criminals in the region would be arrested and executed. In several cases authorities cited the identity of a recent victim and justified his or her killing based on the fact that he or she was a suspected criminal.

These killings, some of which occurred in front of multiple witnesses, are rarely discussed in Rwanda. Given the strict restrictions on independent media and civil society in Rwanda, no local media outlets have reported about the killings documented in this report, and local human rights groups are too afraid to publish any information on such issues.

In December 2016, a coalition of opposition political parties published a press release on several cases of extrajudicial killings in northwestern Rwanda, including some of the cases documented by Human Rights Watch. Soon after publication, the police in Kigali summoned opposition leader Boniface Twagirimana for interrogation on January 12, 18, and 19, 2017, and accused him of spreading unfounded rumors. He was not charged with any offense.

On July 5, 2017, Human Rights Watch wrote to Johnston Busingye, minister of justice, with copies delivered to the ministers of defense, local government and the head of the police, asking for further information on cases outlined in this report and requesting a meeting. The letter is reproduced in Appendix IV of this report and was not answered.

On July 5 and 6, 2017, Human Rights Watch met with five local authorities, including the mayor of Rubavu district and authorities in Nyamyumba sector, Nyundo sector, and Rukoko cell in Rubavu district and the executive secretary in Boneza sector, Rutsiro district. These authorities denied that killings of thieves or criminals had taken place, but one did say that people who illegally crossed the border had been killed for failing to stop when ordered to do so by soldiers, and that this was for security reasons.

A sign welcoming visitors to Boneza, a sector in Rwanda’s Rutsiro district. Rwandan security forces killed at least 9 fishermen in Boneza, for using illegal fishing nets between September 2016 and March 2017. The bottom line of the welcome sign says in Kinyarwanda: “Do good things and do them quickly.” 

© 2017 Human Rights Watch

The Rwandan government should ensure an immediate end to the summary executions of suspected criminals by security forces. They should also ensure that thorough, impartial investigations into these serious violations are conducted, including to establish how and with whom any policy originated; and that those responsible for the violations be held accountable. Victims’ families should be compensated for the unlawful killings.

The Rwandan government should also respect the presumption of innocence, ensure anyone accused of a crime receives a fair trial, and enforce without exception an absolute prohibition on criminal punishment for anyone not convicted in a court of law.

Recommendations

To the Government of Rwanda

  • Investigate and prosecute as appropriate, in fair and credible trials, individuals from the Rwanda Defence Force, the Rwanda National Police, and other law enforcement agencies, such as the DASSO and the Inkeragutabara, responsible for extrajudicial executions, including officers who may bear command responsibility, and any civilian authorities who are implicated in the killings and may bear responsibility;
  • Ensure that all criminal suspects are lawfully detained in recognized places of detention, have prompt access to a lawyer, and are brought promptly after their arrest before an independent judge. If there is credible evidence against the accused, they should be promptly charged with an offense and prosecuted in fair, credible trials or else released;
  • Pending disciplinary action or criminal prosecution, suspend with pay officers suspected to be implicated in extrajudicial executions, including those from the Rwanda Defence Force, the Rwanda National Police, and other law enforcement agencies, such as the DASSO and the Inkeragutabara. Those found to be implicated in extrajudicial executions should be removed from their posts in addition to any other criminal sanctions imposed by an independent tribunal;
  • Publicly reiterate to officers of the Rwanda Defence Force, the Rwanda National Police, and other law enforcement agencies, such as the DASSO and the Inkeragutabara, that they have an obligation to protect the lives of all persons in Rwanda. Ensure that officers have been trained in and adhere to international human rights law, in particular the rights to life, bodily integrity, liberty, security, and fair trial. The Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, that provide authoritative guidance on international legal standards in this regard, prohibit law enforcement officials from using intentional lethal force except when strictly unavoidable in order to protect life;
  • Ensure that all security agents, members of the judiciary, and administrative officials fully respect the right of all Rwandans to the presumption of innocence;
  • Ensure that the domestic legal system provides for the conduct of prompt, thorough and effective investigations in line with the standards in the Revised United Nations Manual on the Effective Prevention and Investigation of Extralegal, Arbitrary and Summary Executions (the Minnesota Protocol).

To Rwanda’s International Donors and Other Governments

  • Publicly and privately urge the Rwandan government to take concrete steps to investigate, arrest, and prosecute those responsible for extrajudicial killings described in this report, including those bearing command responsibility. Monitor the progress of these steps regularly;
  • Publicly and privately denounce extrajudicial killings committed by any member of the military or law enforcement;
  • Ensure support to Rwanda’s security forces—including training, logistics, and other material support—does not go to units or commanders who are implicated in extrajudicial executions and ensure that human rights training and support to investigations and prosecutions of security agent abuses are central components of reform efforts.

To the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions

  • Request a formal visit to Rwanda to investigate cases outlined in this report
    and others.

To the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights

  • In accordance with the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, conduct an immediate investigation into the cases outlined in this report and others;
  • Urge the government of Rwanda to attend the forthcoming 61st ordinary session of the African Commission to ensure consideration of its combined 11th, 12th and 13th periodic report as well as consideration of the cases outlined in this report.

To the United Nations Department of Peacekeeping Operations

  • Carefully vet officers and personnel from the Rwanda Defence Force and the Rwanda National Police currently serving in United Nations peacekeeping missions to ensure none are implicated in extrajudicial executions in Rwanda;
  • Repatriate from United Nations peacekeeping missions any Rwandan soldier, police, or other personnel found to be implicated in extrajudicial executions
    in Rwanda.

Methodology

This report is based on research conducted in Rwanda between January and July 2017. Human Rights Watch interviewed 119 witnesses to the killings, family members and friends of victims, government officials, and others knowledgeable about the arrests and executions. The names of victims are provided throughout this report. However, for security reasons, the names of witnesses and relatives interviewed by Human Rights Watch are not included in the report, and other identifying information has also been withheld.

Some initial interviews were conducted over the phone. These interviews were followed up in person between March and June. Most interviews were conducted in Musanze, Rubavu and Rutsiro districts, in Kinyarwanda with an interpreter. All interviews were conducted individually and privately. Human Rights Watch explained to each interviewee the purpose of the interview, its voluntary nature, the way in which the interview would be used, and the fact that no compensation would be provided.

Human Rights Watch wrote the minister of justice, with copies delivered to the minister of defense, the minister of local government, and the national police commander, with an overview of Human Rights Watch’s research findings and the details of specific cases documented in this report (see Appendices I, II, III, and IV). Human Rights Watch received no response to its request for a meeting to discuss these research findings or to specific questions about the government’s response to the violations documented here. In July, Human Rights Watch met with five local authorities in Rubavu and Rutsiro districts. Their response is reflected in section III.

This report focuses specifically on extrajudicial executions and other violations in Rubavu and Rutsiro districts, in Western Province, between April 2016 and April 2017. Human Rights Watch has received credible reports of additional cases that allegedly occurred closer to the publication of this report, as well as cases in other areas of Rwanda, including Musanze district, in Northern Province, and Rusizi district, in Western Province. Human Rights Watch is working to confirm these cases, and they are not covered in this report.

I.Background

Since the genocide that devastated the country and claimed more than half a million lives in 1994, Rwanda has made great strides in rebuilding its infrastructure, developing its economy, and delivering public services. But civil and political rights remain severely curtailed, and freedom of expression is tightly restricted.

The death penalty was outlawed in Rwanda in 2007. Before that, it was used sparingly by the state. The death penalty was carried out in connection with genocide trials in 1998 when 22 people were publicly executed, many after summary trials and some without legal assistance.[1]

Extrajudicial killings, that is the killing of a person by governmental authorities without the sanction of any judicial proceeding or legal process, also occurred. For example, in November 2006, police shot and killed three men suspected of killing a gacaca judge[2] the evening of their arrest.[3] In 2007, Human Rights Watch published a report on police killings of at least 20 detainees, many of which appeared to have been extrajudicial executions.[4] In its annual report on Human Rights Practices in Rwanda, the US State Department expressed concern about the killings of five members of the Muslim community in 2016.[5]

Attacks on political dissenters have also occurred, both inside and outside of the country. Since 1996 some Rwandans have been killed outside of the country after they criticized the Rwandan government, the ruling party, the Rwandan Patriotic Front, or President Paul Kagame.[6] Others were murdered, attacked, threatened, or died in unclear circumstances inside the country.[7]

Civilians have also been held unlawfully in unofficial detention centers, including in military custody. In 2014, Human Rights Watch documented how at least 23 people were detained incommunicado for several weeks at Camp Kami, a military camp on the outskirts of Kigali.[8] The detainees were later tried by a civilian court for security-related offenses and alleged collaboration with armed groups. A court in Rubavu acquitted some of them and ordered their release. Some former detainees told Human Rights Watch they were tortured while held at Kami.[9]

Human Rights Watch has also documented a broader pattern of human rights violations against poor people, including petty criminals. Over the years, many such people have been unlawfully detained in so-called “transit centers,” where they faced beatings and other forms of ill-treatment.[10] Human Rights Watch documented the death of one individual just after leaving one such transit center, in Gikondo, Kigali, and received information about similar cases in Mudende transit center, in Rubavu district. Most officials involved in such violations, mainly police, have enjoyed absolute impunity.[11]

II.Extrajudicial Executions

The conduct of members of the Rwandan military, police and other state security actors in northwestern Rwanda has been as ruthless as it has been illegal. Human Rights Watch has documented 37 extrajudicial executions of suspected petty offenders in Rutsiro and Rubavu districts between July 2016 and March 2017, two of whom were women.[12] Human Rights Watch has also documented four enforced disappearances, between April and December 2016, and two cases of individuals who were beaten to death by local residents acting on the encouragement of local authorities, in August 2016 and April 2017. The victims included suspected thieves, smugglers, and people caught or accused of using illegal fishing nets. Some of the family members and friends of victims admitted that the victims had been involved in petty crimes, while others said they were innocent and had been wrongly accused. The killings and enforced disappearances appear to have been part of a broader strategy to spread fear, enforce order, and deter any resistance to government orders or policies.

Government Strategy

Over 40 people interviewed by Human Rights Watch said they had participated in community meetings in Rubavu and Rutsiro districts where military officers or local government officials declared that thieves would be arrested and killed. Local authorities in Rwanda, including law enforcement officials, hold regular community meetings at the village, cell, and sector level. These meetings in general are not mandatory, but several residents told Human Rights Watch they felt pressured to attend. The meetings are not on a fixed schedule, but there is at least one per month after umuganda, mandatory community work held the last Saturday of every month. Participation at the meeting after umuganda is obligatory. Some of these local meetings were called after residents had complained about the high crime rate in their villages.

Several people told Human Rights Watch that they thought a “law” had been adopted stipulating that all thieves and other criminals would be killed, referring to multiple statements made by military and local government officials about the killings of petty criminals.

These warnings at local meetings that authorities would no longer tolerate illegal activity—such as theft, fishing with illegal nets, or smuggling goods across the border—began in early 2016. The cases documented by Human Rights Watch of extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances of suspected petty offenders by the Rwanda Defence Forces, the Rwanda National Police, DASSO[13], and the Inkeragutabara[14] began in April 2016.

One resident from the Kavolo cell[15] in Rubavu district told Human Rights Watch that local authorities delivered warnings in routine meetings: “In 2016, the authorities started saying things in meetings like, ‘We will kill people we catch stealing.’ It was usually the military officers who said this at cell and sector meetings.”[16]

On April 26, 2017, Major General Alexis Kagame, the military commander of the third division, which covers the Western Province, participated in a public meeting in Gisenyi in which he said that people who illegally crossed the border between Rwanda and Congo fell into three categories: those who smuggle goods into the country and want to avoid tax, thus robbing the country of its development; those who smuggle drugs into the country and want to kill the youth; and those who have links to the FDLR (the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda, a largely Rwandan Hutu armed group, based in eastern Congo) and wish to destabilize the country.[17] Kagame said that people in these groups were “enemies of the country” and he called on citizens to protect the country from these enemies. Kagame promised close collaboration between the population and the army to safeguard security.[18] The mayor of Rubavu district, Jeremie Sinamenye, also participated in the meeting.

A participant at another public meeting on November 1, 2016, in Karongi district, organized by the Rwanda Governance Board and attended by many local leaders from the Western Province, told Human Rights Watch that Kagame said that all thieves would be killed.[19]

A resident of the Rukoko cell in Rubavu district, near the border with Congo, described how soldiers stood up “without fear” during village meetings, telling local residents: “We will kill anyone who crosses the border illegally.” The civilian authorities “just agree,” he added; “they can’t contradict the military.”[20]

Jean de Dieu Habiyaremye was arrested in late November 2016 and executed two days later.

© 2016 Private

Some witnesses spoke of lists that local officials established to identify those who should be killed. Two residents of Munanira cell, Rubavu district, told Human Rights Watch that military and civilian authorities organized a me