Lufthansa Cargo Emphasizes Long-Standing Connections with Indian Airfreight Market        
Freighter services to Mumbai increased
Lufthansa Cargo emphasizes long-standing connections with Indian airfreight market
by Shrutee K/DNS
The Frankfurt-based air freight carrier Lufthansa Cargo has increased its freighter services to Mumbai. Since July, the airline operates four instead of three freighter flights to the Indian megacity. “This change sees us strengthening our position in the regional airfreight market”, says Frank Naeve, Lufthansa Cargo Vice President Asia-Pacific.
Lufthansa’s cargo arm also serves the Indian metropoles Bangalore, Chennai and Hyderabad, each with two freighter services a week. Additionally, the cargo capacity of 42 weekly passenger flights between various Indian cities and the hubs in Frankfurt, Munich and Vienna is offered by the German logistic company.

“We are proud to have had long-standing connections with customers in the Indian air cargo industry since 1959. Our aim is to build on this in the future”, says Peter Gerber, Lufthansa Cargo CEO and chairman of the board. Two years ago, the Lufthansa Cargo emphasized this by renaming its McDonnell-Douglas MD-11 freighter with registration D-ALCJ “Namaste India”.
About Lufthansa Cargo AG : Lufthansa Cargo ranks among the world’s leading air freight carriers. In the 2016 business year, the airline transported around 1.6 million tonnes of freight and mail and sold 8.4 billion revenue tonne-kilometres. The company currently employs about 4,500 people worldwide. Lufthansa Cargo focuses on the airport-to-airport business. The cargo carrier serves around 300 destinations in more than 100 countries with its own fleet of freighters, the belly capacities of passenger aircraft operated by Lufthansa, Austrian Airlines and Eurowings, and an extensive road feeder service network. The bulk of the cargo business is routed through Frankfurt Airport. Lufthansa Cargo is a wholly owned Lufthansa subsidiary of Deutsche Lufthansa AG.


          La cultura delle destre        
Il libro che sto recensendo è: Gabriele Turi, La cultura delle destre. Alla ricerca dell'egemonia culturale in Italia, Bollati Boringhieri, Torino 2013, pp. 175, Euro 14,00, ISBN 978-88-339-2429-8.

L'autore insegna storia contemporanea a Firenze e dirige la rivista "Passato e presente". Il libro, nonostante il titolo, non ha molto a che vedere col celebre saggio di Furio Jesi; ha un approccio decisamente meno teoretico, in compenso Ã¨ ricchissimo di dati.

Il presupposto da cui parte è molto semplice: la cosiddetta "egemonia culturale della sinistra" nell'Italia del dopoguerra è una leggenda metropolitana. In realtà l'ideologia dominante Ã¨ sempre stata di destra; Turi si spinge fino ad affermare una "centralità del fascismo nella storia culturale e civile del paese". Il berlusconismo Ã¨ l'erede e il continuatore di questa cultura.

La trattazione inizia con un ampio estratto del famigerato intervento di Luciano Violante alla Camera del 10 maggio 1996 (quello che invitava a "riflettere" sui "ragazzi" di Salò in nome dei "valori nazionali comunemente condivisi"). Turi dimostra come l'exploit di Violante sia stato preparato da decenni di "edulcoramento storiografico della dittatura di Mussolini"; tappe importanti di questa operazione di normalizzazione del fascismo, a livello massmediatico, furono due mostre sugli anni '30, una allestita a Milano nel 1982 e l'altra a Roma nel 1984 (quest'ultima con la consulenza di Renzo De Felice): "entrambe promosse da amministrazioni socialiste", ha cura di specificare Turi.

Turi menziona poi un altro "caso esemplare": la proposta, da parte dell'allora sindaco di Roma Francesco Rutelli, nel 1995, di dedicare una via a Giuseppe Bottai. L'iniziativa riscosse il plauso (fra gli altri) di Massimo Cacciari, e fu bloccata solo dalle proteste della comunità ebraica; ci si era dimenticati, fra l'altro, che Bottai era stato uno dei sostenitori più ferventi delle leggi razziali; l'immagine corrente di Bottai era infatti quella giustificazionista del "fascista critico" delineata da Giordano Bruno Guerri nella sua fortunata biografia del 1976.

Il patriottismo, la ricerca di valori nazionali, di una "memoria condivisa" e di una "pacificazione" sono il Leitmotiv che, nella ricostruzione di Turi, caratterizza la polemica anti-antifascista condotta negli anni '90 da intellettuali come Renzo De Felice, Roberto Vivarelli, Ernesto Galli Della Loggia, spesso con l'assenso e il plauso della sinistra istituzionale. Troviamo ancora il buon Francesco Rutelli in prima linea nell'operazione di riabilitazione di Giovanni Gentile, filosofo a cui il comune di Roma dedicò un convegno nel 1994 presentandolo come un patriota al di sopra delle parti e dimenticandone l'organicità al nazifascismo.

Interessante notare che, in questo frame revisionistico, chi ostacola la "pacificazione", chi alimenta la "divisività", è un potenziale terrorista. Turi cita Vivarelli, secondo il quale per colpa degli antifascisti nell'Italia del dopoguerra "si perpetuò un clima di strisciante guerra civile, che [...] produsse la tragica stagione del terrorismo".

Turi sottolinea il ruolo degli intellettuali craxiani nel diffondere in Italia durante gli anni '80 le idee del neoliberismo reaganiano e thatcheriano e nel promuovere l'anticomunismo. Questi intellettuali poi, assieme ad altri di estrazione neofascista o cattolico-reazionaria, divennero nel decennio '90 gli artefici principali dell'ideologia populista berlusconiana, la quale nell'ultimo quindicennio si è dotata di "una rete di think thank, laboratori di idee ispirati al modello statunitense, capaci di costruire e diffondere un comune sentire"; tutta una serie di riviste, fondazioni, case editrici, "poco conosciute presso l'opinione pubblica" ma efficaci come centri di "aggregazione di intellettuali e di elaborazione culturale" (e, di solito, ben finanziate dagli industriali).

Turi ricostruisce minuziosamente alcuni fra i principali momenti dell'offensiva culturale di destra: la battaglia a favore del mantenimento del crocifisso nelle aule scolastiche (una battaglia vinta dalla destra anche a causa dell'atteggiamento imbelle assunto al riguardo dal centrosinistra); la vicenda, davvero tragicomica, della censura proposta dal centrodestra sui manuali scolastici di storia, anche qui in nome della "memoria condivisa", della pacificazione, dell'imparzialità e contro la presunta "egemonia culturale" della sinistra.

Interessante il confronto, proposto da Turi, fra il modo in cui il novantesimo anniversario della fine della prima guerra mondiale è stato ricordato in Italia e in altri paesi europei. Turi mostra come nel 2008 in Gran Bretagna, in Francia, in Germania, le celebrazioni ufficiali siano state improntate alla pietà per le vittime, all'orrore per l'enormità del massacro e siano state accompagnate, a volte, da gesti ufficiali di riabilitazione dei soldati che furono condannati come disertori. Tutto il contrario in Italia, dove "la sostanza della commemorazione è rimasta affidata al tema dell'identità nazionale" e dove il ministero dell'Istruzione ha promosso una serie di conferenze nelle scuole affidate non agli storici ma agli ufficiali dell'esercito, in quella che è stata definita la "più imponente manifestazione di propaganda militare che l'Italia repubblicana abbia mai messo in piedi".

Nell'ultimo capitolo del suo libro Turi prova a tracciare una mappa del revisionismo storico su Internet, individuando "un network molto ampio di riviste e di istituzioni [...] una rete circolare in cui appaiono ripetutamente gli stessi nomi, specchio di una visione della storia che in breve tempo da antagonista è diventata governativa". Il capitolo Ã¨ un ricco dossier di nomi e di indicazioni bibliografiche, una minuziosa schedatura di cui in questa sede non posso dare un'idea.

La conclusione cui giunge Gabriele Turi è che la cultura di destra è saldamente egemone ed è destinata a sopravvivere alla fine politica di Silvio Berlusconi. Aggiungerei che l'attuale esperienza dei governi di “larghe intese” (Monti, Letta, Renzi) getta una luce retrospettiva su molte delle prese di posizione filorevisioniste, da parte di esponenti del centrosinistra, ricordate nel libro di Turi. Bisognerebbe scrivere un libro analogo a quell di Turi, dedicato alla "cultura di sinistra", nel quale si mostrerebbe come a partire da Togliatti il nazionalismo abbia infettato nei decenni la cultura politica del PCI - PDS - DS - PD fino a stravolgerla completamente. Ma questa è un'altra storia.
          1994        

From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Mon, 14 Feb 1994 12:09:05
Subject: Eccomi

Mannaggia a te! Che c'era di male nelle lettere cartacee? Signornò. "Dai, mandami un'e-mail! E' facile, divertente, vedrai!". - Intanto ho dovuto iscrivermi al laboratorio d'informatica di questa cavolo di università, dove bisogna fare domanda in carta bollata anche per un caffè al bar. Poi, io il computer manco lo so usare. A quest'ora dovrei essere in sala studio a preparare l'esame di diritto privato comparato (capirai); invece sto qua ad arrovellarmi con tastiera e mouse.

Va beh. Ti scrivo per questo: devi assolutamente registrarmi un po' di cassette di musica rock. Hai presente? Quella che tu hai sempre detto che io la snobbo. Specialmente, quanto più progressive anni '70 riesci a procurarmi. Non so, gli Yes, i Genesis, i King Crimson, quella roba là. E poi il grunge. Non i Nirvana, ché onestamente non li reggo: Smashing Pumpkins, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden. E magari della musica da discoteca, però di un certo livello. E ci sarebbe un pezzo di un gruppo inglese che mi ossessiona, si chiama... ce l'ho sulla punta della lingua. Basta, appena mi ricordo il titolo te lo dico.

No, non sono impazzito. E' che ho conosciuto una ragazza molto simpatica che ha questi gusti musicali. Anche molto bella, a dire la verità. Anzi, la sola cosa che le vorrei dire è proprio questa: che la trovo bellissima. Ma, tu mi conosci; non c'è verso; se provo ad affrontare l'argomento, ammutolisco senza rimedio. Così mi servono urgentemente altri argomenti di conversazione. Lei studia inglese, e fin qui posso arrangiarmi. L'ho anche accompagnata a lezione, ho studiato i suoi appunti. Sai? Sto diventando, credo, il massimo esperto di T. S. Eliot di tutto il basso Ionio reggino. Quest'estate, se non altro, potrò esibirmi nei locali sul lungomare recitando The Waste Land a memoria.

Ma tutto questo non basta. Prima o poi dovrò trovare il coraggio di invitarla a uscire una sera, che so, ad un concerto, o addirittura (non ridere) a ballare. Perché ho capito che alle matinée in Conservatorio lei non ci viene. Ebbene, è qui che subentri tu. Devi aiutarmi ad andare oltre Beethoven. Ripeto, procurami del rock, perché mi serve come il pane!

Attendo tue notizie, stammi bene.

P.S. Mi sono ricordato il titolo di quella canzone: Creep, dei Radiohead.


From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Mon, 21 Mar 1994 15:31:22
Subject: Re: Re: Eccomi

Grandi novità! Abbiamo occupato. Ora la nostra casa dello studente è Pensionato Universitario Occupato Autogestito. L'abbiamo deciso venerdì sera, al termine di un'agitata assemblea sugli ultimi aumenti delle rette e della mensa. Io mi sono aggiudicato la gran parte dei turni di notte in portineria: sia per evitare i turni di pulizia, sia perché mi piace fare le ore piccole e perché durante l'occupazione c'è un bel clima. Si parla, si beve, si fuma tabacco e non solo: effettivamente, non sto studiando granché. Però mi diverto.

Ieri, per esempio, verso la mezzanotte la situazione comprendeva una bottiglia di mirto, uno stereo, sei-sette persone fra cui Alice (la ragazza di cui ti ho parlato nella mia ultima lettera) e me. Il guaio è che dopo un'oretta loro sono usciti, per andare credo in discoteca, mentre io dovevo rimanere per continuare il turno; ma mi hanno lasciato la bottiglia, d'altronde semivuota, e lo stereo. O forse due bottiglie e due sterei, a quel punto non capivo più bene. Sono riuscito, in qualche modo, a togliere la cassetta dei Rage Against The Machine e a mettere su il Lamento d'Arianna di Monteverdi, che in quel momento era anche più adatto.

A proposito: mi hai registrato le cassette che ti ho chiesto? Se scendi anche tu in Calabria per le elezioni, tra una settimana me le puoi dare. Ma l'hai visto quel pagliaccio miliardario? E pensa che magari qualcuno lo voterà anche. Viviamo in un paese meraviglioso.


From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Fri, 15 Apr 1994, 16:05:30
Subject: buona notte al secchio

La sai una cosa? Tre anni fa, dopo il diploma, commisi un solo errore.

Allo sportello della stazione chiesi un biglietto per Milano. Sbagliai: avrei dovuto comprare un sola andata per Londra, o per Parigi, o per Berlino.

L'occupazione è finita. L'Ente per il Diritto allo Studio ha promesso che, col nuovo bilancio, ben il 3,75% delle risorse aggiuntive sarà stanziato per porre rimedio ai recenti rincari delle tariffe, compatibilmente con il principio del pareggio contabile.

Insomma: non abbiamo ottenuto un bel niente.

Ho saputo che Alice si è fidanzata. Con uno studente d'ingegneria, milanese da varie generazioni e di ottima famiglia, buon giocatore dilettante di basket. Ha una macchina svedese con doppia alimentazione, benzina verde e gas, perché bisogna proteggere l'ambiente. Un bravissimo ragazzo.

Tutto è perduto. Mentre questa ridicola nazione, consegnatasi ancora volontaria nelle mani di un tirannello squilibrato, si avvia verso il suo triste destino, io ti comunico la mia irrevocabile decisione.

Pongo rimedio al mio errore.

Espatrio.

E basta, con queste e-mail del piffero! Ti farò avere prossimamente il mio nuovo recapito estero.

La sai un'altra cosa? Siamese Dream degli Smashing Pumpkins è molto più noioso della più tediosa sinfonia di Bruckner.


From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Tue, 26 Apr 1994 16:28:43
Subject: scherzavo

E niente: all'estero non sono andato.

Ti spiego cos'è successo.

Sai che mi è sempre piaciuto stare sveglio fino a tardi; ultimamente sto esagerando; mi succede spesso di fare l'alba. Da un po' non scendo neanche più in sala studio, per non rischiare d'incontrare Alice. La sera me ne sto tappato in camera, ascoltando Brahms.

Un mio consiglio per i giovani: se abitate in una casa dello studente, cercate di non innamorarvi mai di un'altra persona ospite del pensionato. Soprattutto se non corrisposti.

Bene: domenica notte, mentre studiavo, ho messo su il Tristano. Così, tanto per cambiare. Ma, poco dopo il preludio, ho dovuto spegnere.

Frisch weht der Wind
Der Heimat zu
Mein Irisch Kind,
Wo weilest du?


Mi si è annebbiata la vista, e ho scoperto che avevo finito i kleenex. Ho chiuso il libro. Mi sono alzato dalla sedia e sono andato a lavarmi il viso con l'acqua fredda. Poi sono tornato alla scrivania.

Ho acceso il quinto canale della radio (quello che trasmette solo classica). C'era un brano di avanguardia; una cosa che non conoscevo, una specie di collage sonoro sul tipo di Revolution 9 dei Beatles, hai presente? Folle in tumulto, suoni strani, rumori ambientali, nastri in loop, voci umane che declamano sillabe incomprensibili. Un delirio.

Roba forte! Ho attaccato lo spinotto delle cuffie alla radio e mi sono sparato il brano nelle orecchie, chiudendo gli occhi e reclinando indietro la testa. A un certo punto, dal tappeto sonoro ha cominciato a emergere una voce femminile, che sembrava pronunciare un testo coerente. Dapprima si sentiva sullo sfondo, e non si capiva bene cosa dicesse; qualcosa sul Vietnam. Man mano, la voce diventava sempre più forte, più netta, e veniva sempre più in primo piano. Alla fine, con una presenza sonora impressionante, la voce scandiva, anzi no scolpiva, queste parole: "Rimanete qui, e combattete per la vostra dignità di uomini".

"Avete ascoltato: Luigi Nono, Contrappunto dialettico alla mente", ha detto l'annunciatore.

Ho staccato lo spinotto, ho tolto le cuffie e ho spento la radio.

Ho riconsiderato la mia intenzione di espatriare. Ho pensato: ma non l'ho già fatto? Sono già emigrato. E prima di me mio padre, proprio negli anni in cui Nono componeva quel pezzo.

Quante volte ancora voglio fare le valigie?

Possibile che l'unica soluzione sia quella di scappare sempre più lontano?

L'indomani, 25 aprile, sono andato alla manifestazione. Il concentramento era alle due del pomeriggio; ma mi sono svegliato così tardi che non ho potuto neanche fare colazione. Ho preso un caffè al distributore automatico giù in atrio e sono uscito, in direzione porta Venezia.

Era previsto un corteo molto grande. E' stato immenso. Mai vista tanta gente tutta insieme! E che varietà, quanti colori, che musiche, che allegria! Quanta pioggia, anche: veniva giù a secchiate, per tutta la durata della manifestazione.



Io ero in fondo al corteo, e pensa che non sono neppure riuscito a entrare in piazza Duomo, tanto era gremita! Ho svoltato per piazza Fontana, poi per via Larga. Ho vagato per un pezzo; non so chi o cosa mi aspettassi di trovare, a parte qualcosa da mettere sotto i denti, dato che avevo una fame da lupo.

Mi sono ritrovato, non so come, in piazza Sant'Alessandro, vicino alla facoltà di lingue, che naturalmente era chiusa; c'era però un bar-tavola calda miracolosamente aperto; mi ci sono fiondato dentro.

Ero seduto sul mio sgabello, dando le spalle all'ingresso, e divoravo la mia pizzetta, ovviamente pessima come solo a Milano la sanno fare, quando mi è parso di vedere una sorta di variazione nella luce. Come se avesse improvvisamente smesso di piovere e fosse uscito un sole splendente.

Mi giro, e vedo Alice entrare nel locale e raggiungermi.

Era in tenuta da manifestazione: jeans sdruciti, camicia grunge, niente make-up (lei che di solito è così curata). I lunghi capelli biondi inumiditi dalla pioggia, che intanto continuava a scrosciare.

"Ciao", le dico. "Dov'è il tuo fidanzato?"

"Sciocco", mi ha risposto. "Oggi ci sono cose più importanti", ha detto. "C'è mezza casa dello studente qui fuori: abbiamo fatto uno striscione molto figo, lo andiamo ad attaccare al portone dell'I.S.U. Cosa fai qua, solo come un gufo? Vieni anche tu!"

Non me lo sono fatto dire due volte.

E dunque. Fra un mese ho l'esame di diritto sindacale. Materia interessante, sai? Credo che chiederò la tesi.

Per ora rimango qui.

(Racconto già pubblicato su Evulon. Ogni riferimento a fatti, persone, città, eventi, uomini politici, bar e pizzette della realtà è puramente casuale).
          Sull'"Elogio dei riformisti" di Roberto Saviano        
1. Affinità e divergenze fra Saviano e noi. Considero Gomorra uno fra i libri letterariamente più importanti di questi anni nonché fra i capolavori del giornalismo d'inchiesta italiano. Ammiro e rispetto Roberto Saviano, anche se a volte non sono stato d'accordo con lui su alcune delle sue prese di posizione (ad es. sulla politica dei governi israeliani, oppure sugli scontri di piazza che hanno contrassegnato l'ultima fase del governo Berlusconi).

Ho trovato molto superficiale e semplicistico l'articolo di Saviano uscito su "La Repubblica" del 28 febbraio, dedicato all'elogio del riformismo.

Prendendo spunto da un recente libro di Alessandro Orsini sulla storia della sinistra italiana, libro che contrappone Turati a Gramsci, Saviano traccia una riga sulla lavagna, mettendo da una parte i riformisti e dall'altra i comunisti. I primi sarebbero pacati, realisti, tolleranti e liberali, i secondi sarebbero fanatici, violenti, malati di dogmatismo e d'ideologia.

Scrive Saviano: "i comunisti hanno educato generazioni di militanti a definire gli avversari politici dei pericolosi nemici, ad insultarli ed irriderli. Fa un certo effetto rileggere le parole con cui un intellettuale raffinato come Gramsci definiva un avversario, non importa quale: 'La sua personalità ha per noi, in confronto della storia, la stessa importanza di uno straccio mestruato'. Invitava i suoi lettori a ricorrere alle parolacce e all'insulto personale contro gli avversari che si lamentavano delle offese ricevute [...]. Arrivò persino a tessere l'elogio del 'cazzotto in faccia' contro i deputati liberali. I pugni, diceva, dovevano essere un 'programma politico' e non un episodio isolato".

Viceversa, sempre secondo Saviano:

"in quegli stessi anni Filippo Turati, dimenticato pensatore e leader del partito socialista, conduceva una tenacissima battaglia per educare al rispetto degli avversari politici nel tentativo di coniugare socialismo e liberalismo".


Questa contrapposizione fra estremisti e riformisti, dice Saviano, si protrae fino ad oggi:

"Naturalmente, oggi, nel Pd erede del Pci, non c'è più traccia di quel massimalismo verboso e violento, e anche il linguaggio della Sel di Vendola è molto meno acceso. Ma c'è invece, fuori dal Parlamento, una certa sinistra che vive di dogmi. Sono i sopravvissuti di un estremismo massimalista che sostiene di avere la verità unica tra le mani", sono quei "pacifisti talmente violenti da usare la pace come strumento di aggressione per chiunque la pensi diversamente". Eccetera.

Quindi tutto lineare, nello schema di Saviano. Tutto semplice. Riformisti, buoni, in parlamento; comunisti, fuori dal parlamento, cattivi. Chiaro, no?

E però, se si va a verificare nel dettaglio gli esempi storici addotti da Saviano, ecco che le cose si complicano.

2. Cosa c'era prima degli assorbenti. Vediamo ad esempio la prima frase "incriminata". Di un suo avversario politico ("non importa quale", dice Saviano), Gramsci scrisse: "La sua personalità ha per noi, in confronto della storia, la stessa importanza di uno straccio mestruato".

La similitudine usata da Gramsci, al nostro orecchio di contemporanei, suona senza dubbio molto sgradevole. Intollerabilmente sessista, fra l'altro. Proviamo però a collocarla nel suo contesto. La frase è tratta da un articolo di Gramsci, allora venticinquenne, pubblicato sull'edizione torinese dell'"Avanti!" il 19 aprile 1916. In quel periodo la redazione di Torino dell'"Avanti!", di cui Gramsci era giornalista, stava conducendo una campagna di stampa sugli sprechi e sulle ruberie di cui si erano resi responsabili i promotori dell'Esposizione Universale di Torino del 1911. Come spesso succede in Italia quando si tratta di "grandi opere", anche questa era stata accompagnata da malversazioni, che Gramsci e i giornalisti dell'"Avanti!" avevano puntualmente denunciato.

Fra i bersagli di questa campagna di stampa c'era il conte Delfino Orsi, che all'epoca faceva parte della direzione della "Gazzetta del Popolo", un giornale monarchico, filogovernativo e interventista. L'articolo di Gramsci del 19 aprile 1916 è appunto una risposta ad un altro giornalista che aveva accusato l'"Avanti!" di aver attaccato Delfino Orsi non per il ruolo di quest'ultimo nello scandalo dell'Esposizione Universale, bensì invece perché Orsi era "una delle più influenti figure dell'interventismo subalpino".

Teniamo sempre presente il contesto storico. In Italia, nel 1916, lo scontro politico fra governo e opposizione era polarizzato sul problema della guerra. Era soprattutto lo scontro fra interventisti e pacifisti. Era in corso la Prima guerra mondiale, un conflitto che oggi praticamente tutti gli storici valutano come un'orrenda ecatombe, una catastrofe che segnò l'inizio del declino della civiltà europea, e che, in Italia, aprì la via al fascismo. In Italia il bilancio della guerra fu di circa 680.000 morti e quasi 500.000 invalidi permanenti. Il Partito Socialista Italiano, nel quale all'epoca militavano sia Gramsci sia Turati, era su posizioni pacifiste, e si opponeva compattamente alla guerra. A favore della guerra erano invece i nazionalisti, i liberali e il Partito Socialista Riformista Italiano, composto perlopiù da riformisti, come Bonomi e Bissolati, che erano stati espulsi dal P.S.I. già nel 1912 per il loro appoggio alla guerra di Libia.

Tale era il contesto della polemica fra l'"Avanti!" di Gramsci da una parte, e la "Gazzetta del Popolo" di Delfino Orsi dall'altra.

Quando, nell'agosto 1917, a Torino la popolazione diede vita ad una rivolta spontanea contro la guerra e contro la mancanza di pane (rivolta che fu ovviamente repressa nel sangue, con circa 50 morti e 200 feriti fra gli operai e le loro famiglie), la "Gazzetta del Popolo" di Delfino Orsi fu tra gli organi di stampa che giustificarono la repressione.

Più tardi, coerentemente, Delfino Orsi fu deputato nel Parlamento fascista, ed era ancora tale quando morì nel 1929 (mentre Gramsci era in carcere). Il gerarca Federzoni, nel suo elogio funebre pronunciato alla Camera dei Deputati l'11 dicembre 1929, disse di Orsi fra l'altro: "egli poté rinverdire i fasti patriottici della Gazzetta del Popolo, levando ancora la gloriosa bandiera del Risorgimento per le nuove battaglie dell'intervento nella grande guerra, della difesa delle aspirazioni nazionali, della rivoluzione fascista".


Delfino Orsi era appunto l'uomo che Gramsci paragonò ad uno "straccio mestruato". Un epiteto certamente poco gentile. Ma possiamo veramente dire, con Saviano, che "non importa quale" individuo egli fosse, né in quale periodo storico fosse situata la polemica fra lui e Gramsci?

Che diremmo di un giornalista il quale scrivesse, di alcuni suoi concittadini (non importa quali, direbbe Saviano), che essi sono "vigliacchi, in realtà", un "manipolo di killer", "abbrutiti e strafatti", un "branco di assassini" che "vivono come bestie"? Sono insulti pesanti e hanno ben poco di mite e di liberale. Ma se collochiamo questi epiteti nel contesto dell'articolo da cui sono tratti, scopriamo che si riferiscono ad una banda di camorristi responsabili di svariati omicidi, e che l'autore del pezzo è Roberto Saviano ("la Repubblica", 22 settembre 2008). Dobbiamo condannare il giornalista per la sua eccessiva violenza verbale? O non dobbiamo piuttosto ritenere che l'indignazione di Saviano, seppure si esprima in termini poco urbani, sia alquanto giustificata dalle circostanze?

3. La nobile arte. Vediamo, ancora, un altro passo gramsciano cui si riferisce Roberto Saviano. Si tratta dell'articolo intitolato "Elogio del cazzotto", uscito sempre sull'"Avanti!" il 12 giugno 1916. L'episodio cui si riferiva Gramsci in questo articolo era il seguente. Dei deputati socialisti, come gesto dimostrativo, avevano lanciato nell'aula di Montecitorio alcune cartoline con l'effige di parlamentari russi che erano stati deportati in Siberia a causa della loro opposizione alla guerra (c'era ancora il regime assolutista dello zar, e la Russia era alleata in guerra con le potenze della Triplice Intesa, con l'Italia, e contro la Germania e l'Impero asburgico). Un deputato interventista, Giuseppe Bevione, in quell'occasione accusò i socialisti di essere al soldo del nemico. Ne nacque un tafferuglio, durante il quale il socialista Nino Mazzoni colpì Bevione con un pugno. Questo, nello specifico, fu il "cazzotto" cui si riferisce Gramscì nel suo articolo, scrivendo fra l'altro:

"Non siamo entusiastici ammiratori del diritto del pugno; eppure quei pugni vibrati robustamente sul ceffo di Bevione ci riempiono di giubilo e di ammirazione".

Anche qui: possiamo dire che sia davvero ininfluente collocare la citazione di Gramsci nel suo contesto?

4. Vota Antonio. Veniamo ora ad un'altra delle dicotomie che Roberto Saviano delinea nel suo pezzo: quella fra opposizione parlamentare Vs. opposizione extraparlamentare. La prima riformista e "buona", la seconda estremista e "cattiva". E confrontiamo questa dicotomia con un esempio storico.

Nel giugno 1924, dopo il rapimento di Giacomo Matteotti, i parlamentari dell'opposizione antifascista decisero di disertare le aule del Parlamento, dando così luogo a quella forma di protesta extraparlamentare che passò alla storia come "secessione dell'Aventino". Fra loro c'era Filippo Turati, assieme a tutti i socialisti riformisti. C'era anche la piccola pattuglia dei deputati comunisti, che però, nel novembre 1924, verificata l'inefficacia della protesta aventiniana, decisero di rientrare in Parlamento, dove rimasero a contrastare la maggioranza fascista, praticamente da soli, per altri due anni, fino a quando il partito comunista non fu messo fuori legge. (A che tipo di pacifica dialettica parlamentare fossero avvezzi i deputati fascisti lo si può vedere consultando la voce di Wikipedia dedicata a Francesco Misiano).

Quindi, ricapitolando. Nel 1925 abbiamo il socialista riformista Turati fuori dal parlamento. In parlamento c'è una maggioranza parlamentare "estremista" fascista e una minoranza comunista (parimenti "estremista" secondo Saviano) di cui Gramsci fa parte. Comunque si voglia giudicare la situazione, si tratta di un caso in cui la realtà storica si rivela più complessa dei rigidi schematismi delineati da Saviano.

5. Conclusione. Con tutto questo discorso non voglio dire, naturalmente, che la violenza verbale nella lotta politica va sempre bene, che è sempre giustificata. Sono d'accordo con Saviano nel condannare certe forme di settarismo inutile e controproducente (di cui è un esempio il giudizio su Turati espresso da un Togliatti al peggio del suo stalinismo, citato da Saviano nel suo articolo). Né intendo affrontare discorsi astratti sul punto se sia meglio la lotta extraparlamentare o quella parlamentare.

Dico che ogni situazione fa storia a sé, che occorre giudicare caso per caso, e che generalizzazioni astratte e astoriche, come quella proposta da Saviano nell'articolo in questione, non hanno alcun significato.
          Stella rossa sull'Europa        
"Buongiorno, Anne. Buon anno".
"Buongiorno, Valentin. Buon anno anche a te. Novità?"
"Sì. Un nuovo arrivo. Sabato notte. Hai il colloquio già fissato per le undici. Trovi tutti i dettagli in agenda".
Anne Dupont, psicologa del Centro di Prima Accoglienza di Calais, entrò nel suo ufficio, accese il terminale e consultò la sua agenda elettronica.

Lunedì 5 gennaio 2011, ore 11,00. Colloquio con Monsieur Philip Brasser. Cittadino britannico. Età 38. Celibe. Operazione di salvataggio in mare, Canale della Manica, acque internazionali, 3 gennaio u.s. Condizioni fisiche buone. Non parla francese. Attribuzione provvisoria: codice blu.

Bene, pensò Anne. Un rifugiato politico. Iniziare l'anno nuovo con un codice blu era di buon auspicio. Il colloquio era di lì a due ore. Non c'erano altri impegni per la giornata. Completò con calma alcuni referti clinici iniziati la settimana precedente, fece una partita a Tetris, chattò con alcuni amici in Internet. Quando fu il momento, si aggiustò il make-up e si recò in sala colloqui.

Era una stanza non troppo ampia, arredata come un normale studio specialistico ma con qualche accorgimento per mettere gli ospiti a proprio agio: colori pastello, luci soffuse, lettino basso, comoda poltrona. Su quest'ultima, di fronte alla scrivania della dottoressa, era già seduto il signor Brasser.

"Good morning, Mr. Brasser. Prima di tutto, come sta?"
La domanda non era solo formale. L'uomo appariva molto provato. I tanti capelli bianchi, la pelle del viso magro solcata da numerose rughe, le profonde occhiaie dietro le lenti spesse, lo facevano sembrare più vecchio di dieci anni rispetto alla sua età anagrafica. Al posto degli abiti che indossava al momento del suo salvataggio, fradici e inservibili, gli avevano fornito un nuovo completo, che era tuttavia di due numeri più largo e accentuava la gracilità del suo fisico. Gli tremavano le mani.
Quegli scafisti maledetti, pensò Anne.
"Adesso sto meglio, grazie. Certo, suppongo che la notte passata all'addiaccio su quel canotto non abbia migliorato granché la mia cera. Ma ho fatto una buona dormita, qui da voi, e la vostra cucina è ottima". La sua voce era ferma, con una sfumatura d'ironia. "Solamente, non sono riuscito a procurarmi neppure una sigaretta, dottoressa..."
"Dupont. Ma può chiamarmi Anne. Temo che non ne troverà neppure in futuro. Nell'Unione non se ne producono più. Fino a qualche tempo fa, le importavamo dal suo paese".
"Oh, già, ora ricordo. Le esportazioni cessarono sei anni fa. Troppo pochi fumatori, qui da voi. Non c'era abbastanza profitto. Lo so perché all'epoca lavoravo in un'agenzia di rating".
"Lei è analista finanziario?"
Il signor Brasser rise. "No. Laureato in agraria. Da Troody's ero operatore al call center. Ogni grande compagnia ha il suo. E' la mansione che ho sempre svolto, durante tutta la mia carriera. Ho lavorato per almeno trenta società diverse, ogni volta per non più di sei mesi. Si imparano tante cose, sa?"
"Non ho dubbi. Ma veniamo al punto. Lei ha chiesto lo status di rifugiato politico. Data la sua provenienza, certamente la sua richiesta sarà accettata. Lei diventerà fra breve, a tutti gli effetti, cittadino dell'Unione delle Repubbliche Socialiste d'Europa. Già adesso, comunque, lei è libero di circolare in tutto il territorio dell'Unione, ed eventualmente anche di tornare da dove è venuto..."
"No grazie! Non ci tengo affatto".
"Dicevo per dire. In genere, qui da noi i rifugiati si integrano abbastanza in fretta. Tuttavia, non si può escludere che, all'inizio, lei si trovi un po' spaesato. Il nostro sistema sociale è molto diverso da quello da cui lei proviene. A sua richiesta, lei può fruire di adeguata assistenza psicologica e culturale, per superare eventuali difficoltà di adattamento. In questa fase iniziale, se vuole, mi consideri pure come suo referente".
"Oh. E quanto dura questa... fase iniziale?"
"Può finire anche subito, se crede. L'unico suo obbligo, se intende rimanere nell'Unione, è di iscriversi nelle liste di collocamento e nelle graduatorie per gli alloggi. Non credo che le sarà difficile trovare un lavoro e una casa. Se lei non ha esigenze particolari, penso che troverà una sistemazione accettabile nel giro di un paio di settimane. Fino ad allora, comunque, può rimanere qui, o spostarsi in una delle altre strutture di prima accoglienza nel territorio dell'Unione".
"Sembra magnifico. Dov'è la fregatura?"
"Ecco. Era proprio ciò che intendevo. Non c'è nessuna fregatura, per quanto lei sia abituato a pensare che debba per forza esserci. Non pretendo che lei mi creda. Presto se ne accorgerà da sé".

Non c'erano straordinari da fare, quel giorno. Alle tredici, Anne spense il computer, salutò i colleghi che arrivavano per il turno pomeridiano e, senza passare dalla mensa, prese l'elio-tram che, serpeggiando silenziosamente lungo la costa, la portò a casa sua in dieci minuti. Era una magnifica giornata di sole. Il mare era inusualmente calmo, in quei giorni. Una fortuna, per Brasser. Aveva evitato il triste destino di tanti boat-people che partivano clandestinamente dalla riva inglese ma non riuscivano a raggiungere i nostri mezzi di soccorso nelle acque internazionali.

Anne abitava da sola. Si preparò un leggero pranzo macrobiotico, poi un caffé d'orzo. Accese la radio; la spense. Si guardò nello specchio del soggiorno. Sorrise. Tutto sommato, si piaceva. Si chiese come sarebbe stato il suo sembiante, alla sua età, se anziché in Europa continentale fosse vissuta in quell'inferno che doveva essere Londra. I profughi le avevano raccontato storie orribili. Inquinamento, degrado. Se andava bene, orari lavorativi di dieci o dodici ore. Altrimenti, la disoccupazione, l'emarginazione e la pazzia. Oppure, per una ristretta minoranza, la ricchezza e il potere, ma a costo di rinunciare a qualsiasi barlume d'umanità. Un'altra forma di follia, in fondo.

Mercoledì 7 gennaio, ore 10,00. Secondo colloquio con Monsieur Brasser.

Quella mattina l'aspetto di Mr. Brasser era molto migliorato. Anne glielo disse.
"Grazie, Dottoressa. Lei è gentile quanto bella".
Anne Dupont ignorò il complimento.
"Se ho chiesto un nuovo colloquio" continuò Brasser, "non è per ottenere assistenza psicologica".
"Davvero? E perché, allora?"
"Ho due domande da porle".
"Le risponderò, se posso. Ma prima, permetta che le faccia io una domanda. Cosa sa, lei, dell'Unione?"
"Poco, in realtà. So che dapprima ci fu la Rivoluzione d'Ottobre, in Russia, nel 1917. Poi, tra il '18 e il '20, il capitalismo fu abbattuto in Germania, in Ungheria e in Italia. In rapida successione, tutte le colonie europee in Asia e in Africa conquistarono l'indipendenza. L'India nel 1925, la Cina nel '27, e così via. Poco dopo fu la volta dell'Algeria e del Marocco, e a quel punto la rivoluzione scoppiò anche in Francia e in Spagna. Alla fine degli anni '30, tutta l'Europa continentale era socialista.
Frattanto, il crollo di Wall Street nel 1929 aveva gettato l'America nella crisi più nera. Le elezioni presidenziali del 1940 furono vinte da Charles Lindbergh, un fanatico antisemita che instaurò negli U.S.A. una dittatura razzista, appoggiata dal grande capitale. Presto quel regime si circondò di una serie di stati-satellite che coprivano tutta l'America del Sud e del Nord.
Negli anni '80, quelle dittature iniziarono ad implodere, dapprima in America Latina e poi in Canada. Quando nel 1989 cadde il Muro di Tijuana, finalmente il capitalismo crollò negli stessi Stati Uniti. Da allora, secondo la nostra propaganda, il Regno Unito di Gran Bretagna è rimasto l'ultimo baluardo del libero mercato e della civiltà, contro la barbarie socialista che ha travolto tutto il resto del globo. Questo è quanto".
"Bene - disse la dottoressa - a parte la faccenda del baluardo, il quadro storico è corretto. Non le sarà stato facile ricostruirlo..."
"No, infatti. Da noi, formalmente, la cultura è libera, e ognuno può leggere ciò che vuole. Si possono prendere in prestito, nelle poche biblioteche rimaste, anche testi di Marx o di Lenin, e persino di Fabio Volo. Non è vietato. Di fatto, però, ci sono materie che non conviene approfondire troppo. Se si viene a sapere che lei fa certe letture e che ha determinate idee (e si viene a sapere sempre), non speri di trovare lavoro tanto facilmente. Io me la sono cavata con i call center, solo perché le mie origini non sono troppo umili. Quando avevo vent'anni, i miei riuscirono persino a mandarmi all'università. Certo, oggi non potrei più frequentarla. Da allora le rette sono decuplicate."
"Ah, lei ha letto Fabio Volo? Complimenti. Da noi, molti lo considerano un autore troppo difficile".
"Sì, è molto rigoroso e denso, ma se si ha tempo da dedicargli, è un pensatore affascinante. Le consiglio la Critica del tempo unidimensionale, se non l'ha ancora letta. A me ha aperto la mente. In realtà, uno dei motivi per cui mi sono deciso ad espatriare è che anche studiare per conto proprio da noi è diventato impossibile. Troppo costoso, da quando il dizionario è stato privatizzato".
"Il dizionario?"
"Sì. Tutti i sostantivi che iniziano per vocale appartengono alla Mircosoft. Quelli che iniziano per consonante sono del gruppo Murdogh. Gli avverbi sono di Merdaset, e così via. Per leggere o per usare comunque le parole bisogna pagare il noleggio ai legittimi proprietari. Quando lei scrive una e-mail, oppure quando chatta o quando telefona, un sistema di contatori automatici calcola la cifra e l'addebita sul suo conto. Ottimo sistema, fra l'altro, per controllare i contenuti della comunicazione. Io, per esempio, ho fatto quindici giorni di carcere per uso illecito di marchio registrato, la volta che in una mia mail ho scritto che la Cocca Colla mi faceva schifo".
"Senta, Mr. Brasser. Quali sono i suoi progetti? Cosa intende fare, ora che è venuto qui da noi?"
"Primo, togliermi una curiosità che mi ha tormentato a lungo. Ed è la prima delle due domande che volevo farle, si ricorda?"
La dottoressa Dupont sbuffò. "Va bene. Spari".
"La domanda è: perché non ci avete invaso? Come avete potuto lasciarci a mollo in quella fogna?"
Anne si appoggiò sullo schienale della sedia. "Beh, alcuni partiti in seno all'Internazionale erano per dichiarare guerra. Ma infine prevalse l'idea che il socialismo non può essere imposto con i carri armati. Se ci avessero attaccato, ci saremmo difesi. Per fortuna non accadde. Oggi, poi, molti sostengono che una pluralità di sistemi sociali diversi non è necessariamente un male. In India, in Giappone e in Sud America, dove la transizione al comunismo è molto avanzata, stanno già smantellando le strutture dello Stato, per sostituirle con vari tipi di organizzazione non statuale. In Europa e in Africa ci troviamo ancora nella fase socialista, in vari stadi di sviluppo a seconda dei territori. Forse è bene che ci siano delle zone dove ancora vige il capitalismo."
"Sarà un bene per voi, che ci osservate dall'esterno come se fossimo allo zoo! Ma per noi che siamo in gabbia è un altro discorso".
"Lei ora non è più in gabbia. Comunque, mi sembra che il suo atteggiamento nei confronti del suo paese d'origine sia un po' troppo negativo, non crede?"
"Mi dica lei cosa ci vede di bello, in quel letamaio", ribatté Brasser.
"Beh, che so... Avete una scena musicale molto vivace. Un sacco di gruppi pop, rock, punk, post-punk... Wim Wenders ci ha fatto anche un film. Poi, comunque, il vostro sistema ha ancora una base di consenso popolare".
"Si riferisce a West End London Social Club, vero? Quel film mi dà la nausea! Le televisioni del regime lo replicano senza tregua. L'unico film d'autore trasmesso in prima serata, e senza interruzioni pubblicitarie."
"Ecco, ad esempio - lo interruppe la dottoressa - Perché lei parla di televisioni di regime? Da voi ci sono sei o sette canali, se non sbaglio, tutti privati e in concorrenza fra loro..."
"... e trasmettono tutti le stesse schifezze. Non si distinguono l'uno dall'altro. Anne, lei non ha capito: da noi l'economia è allo sfascio, la società è in piena decadenza, la cultura è morta e sepolta. L'unica attività che va a gonfie vele è la manipolazione del consenso per mezzo dei mass-media. Quella è l'unica industria che non conosce crisi!"
"Non volevo farla arrabbiare. Si calmi. Lei ora è al sicuro. Andrà tutto bene. Respiri profondamente, e mi faccia la seconda domanda che voleva pormi".
"Mi scusi. La domanda è questa. Lei è libera stasera? Ho letto sul giornale che in un cinema d'essai a Dunkerque proiettano L'Atalante di Jean Vigo. E' una vita che desidero vedere quel film, e mi chiedevo se... lei volesse venire con me a vederlo, ecco."


Pubblicato su Evulon in due puntate: la prima il 7 gennaio 2011 qui, e la seconda il 12 gennaio 2011, qui.
          '..the mayors of Paris, Madrid, Mexico City and Athens plan to banish diesels from their city centres by 2025.' (no replies)        
'In Germany, for example, Deutsche Post has started building its own electric vans and will soon start selling them to other companies..'

'The clock may be ticking for petrol and diesel-powered cars, but it's vans, trucks and buses that are driving the electric vehicle revolution on the world's roads.

This week the UK government followed France in announcing it would ban the sale of such vehicles by 2040, while the mayors of Paris, Madrid, Mexico City and Athens plan to banish diesels from their city centres by 2025.

..

In Germany, for example, Deutsche Post has started building its own electric vans and will soon start selling them to other companies. Meanwhile, in the US, the city of Los Angeles plans to make its entire bus fleet emissions-free by 2030.

The International Energy Agency (IEA) believes that keeping global temperature rises below 2C by the end of the century will in part depend on the electrification of some 600 million vehicles worldwide.

..

Frost & Sullivan's Ananth Srinivasan says it it easier for freight fleet owners to justify investment in electric vehicles because "when they look at the cost for miles travelled over, say, two years with an electric van versus one powered by petrol or diesel", the financial benefits are obvious.'

- Chris Baraniuk, Electric trucks and vans cut pollution faster than cars, 28 July 2017

Context

Team Solid: Metal Fuels

'..to get rid of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025..' - Britain bans gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040

'..wood burning is the single largest source of hazardous particle pollution during winter, creating even more particle pollution than vehicles and industry.'

          '..to get rid of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025..' - Britain bans gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040 (no replies)        
'..The Netherlands and Norway previously said they wanted to get rid of petrol and diesel vehicles by 2025 and Germany and India announced similar plans ahead of 2030.'

- Chloe Farand, France will 'ban all petrol and diesel vehicles by 2040', July 6, 2017


'..Dirty air has been linked to cancer, asthma, stroke and heart disease, among other health issues. The problem is especially pronounced in big cities including London.'

'Britain will ban sales of new gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040 as part of a bid to clean up the country's air.

The decision to phase out the internal combustion engine heralds a new era of low-emission technologies with major implications for the auto industry, society and the environment.

"We can't carry on with diesel and petrol cars," U.K. environment secretary Michael Gove told the BBC on Wednesday. "There is no alternative to embracing new technology."

Gove said the government's air quality plan, which is set to be officially announced later on Wednesday, was needed because gasoline and diesel engines contribute to health problems, "accelerate climate change, do damage to the planet and the next generation."

Roughly 40,000 deaths in Britain each year are attributable to outdoor air pollution, according to a study published last year by the Royal College of Physicians. Dirty air has been linked to cancer, asthma, stroke and heart disease, among other health issues. The problem is especially pronounced in big cities including London.

The timeline for ending sales of internal combustion engines mirrors one proposed in early July by France. President Emmanuel Macron has given the auto industry the same deadline to make the switch to cleaner tech.

"We are quite rightly in a position of global leadership when it comes to shaping new technology," Gove said.

- Charles Riley, Britain bans gasoline and diesel cars starting in 2040, July 26, 2017


Context

'..to Ban Internal Combustion Engines by 2030'

'..committed to 100 percent clean energy by the year 2050.'

(Global) - '..a revolutionary shift to net zero emissions by 2080..'


'Thorium reactor: cleaner, safer and sustainable nuclear energy within sight'

(Fusion Power) - LPP Focus Fusion 1; '..FF-1 results are right now far ahead..'

'..to develop a series of electric and hybrid aircraft..'


The "CityTree" - 'Air pollution is one of the world's invisible killers.'

          (Banking Reform - Monetary Reform) - '..debt is our biggest security threat..' (no replies)        
'Now that he is president, Trump likes to tout the fact he’s listening to America’s generals. Perhaps he needs to talk to General Mike Millen, the former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Perhaps then he would see that the greatest threat America faces isn’t from China, Russia, or North Korea – it is from the national debt. Until Trump reverses course on military spending, and gets tough on entitlements, his "America First" budget will only make the US worse off.'

- Tho Bishop (Source, March 20, 2017)


'..a crippling national debt..'

'Under a Republican budget resolution, the national debt will explode by a third from an already staggering $19 billion to $29 trillion over the next ten years. Although counterintuitive, Democratic presidents, at least those after World War II, have reduced deficits as a portion of the value of the national economy (GDP) while Republican presidents have increased them — thus accumulating less public debt as a percentage of GDP. Yet neither political party has paid enough attention to this burgeoning national security problem.

National security problem? Yes. General Mike Mullen, while he was Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the nation’s top military man, was enlightened enough about long-term health of American power to realize that it takes continuing infusions of money to acquire the weapons and equipment, personnel, training, maintenance and benefits to create a credible military to adequately defend the country. In addition, all other indices of national power — political, diplomatic and cultural — require money too.

To generate those resources, a strong economy is needed. The number one problem dragging down economic growth rates through the George W. Bush and Barack Obama presidencies was a crippling national debt..'

- Ivan Eland, National debt is our biggest security threat: Column, January 11, 2017


Context

'..World Debt Hits $152 Trillion.'

'Our nation and the world are paying a very heavy price for a failed experiment in Inflationism..' - Doug Noland

'..Global policies since the 2008 crisis have spurred the expansion of speculative finance to multiples of pre-crisis levels..'


'Germany Plans to Cut 2017 Debt Sales .. Balanced-Budget..'

'..monetary knowledge .. of currency reform under difficult conditions you have to go to Carl Menger.'

(Banking Reform - Monetary Reform) - '..The Theory of Money and Credit .. an invaluable guide for ending the business cycles of our own time.'


(Banking Reform - English/Dutch) '..a truly stable financial and monetary system for the twenty-first century..'

          '..Angela Merkel .. calling Erdogan’s Nazi jibes “completely unacceptable”.' (no replies)        
'Erdogan is “looking for ‘imagined’ foreign enemies to boost his nationalist base in the run-up to the referendum,” said Soner Cagaptay, the director of the Turkish Research Programme at the Washington Institute.'

'European leaders have told Recep Tayyip Erdogan to avoid inflammatory language while Ankara threatened sanctions against the Netherlands as diplomatic relations between Turkey and several EU members soured dramatically.

..

On Monday, the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, responded by pledging her “full support and solidarity” to the Netherlands, calling Erdogan’s Nazi jibes “completely unacceptable”.

..

The Netherlands, Austria, Germany, Denmark and Switzerland have cited security and other concerns for their reluctance to allow Turkish officials to campaign in their countries.

..

Erdogan is “looking for ‘imagined’ foreign enemies to boost his nationalist base in the run-up to the referendum,” said Soner Cagaptay, the director of the Turkish Research Programme at the Washington Institute.'

- Jon Henley, EU tells Erdogan not to escalate diplomatic row over political rallies, March 13, 2017


Context

European Commission calls on Turkey to moderate its tone in row with Dutch, March 13, 2017

'.."unacceptable comments" by the Turkish authorities..'

'..Erdogan .. way out of line..'

          '.."unacceptable comments" by the Turkish authorities..' (no replies)        
'French centrist candidate Emmanuel Macron "strongly condemns" what he calls provocations from the Turkish government.

Macron has called on France to support its European partners and "reject the Turkish government's abuses." He says that "the European Union must have a united response."

He criticizes "unacceptable comments" by the Turkish authorities that target "European values," and Germany and the Netherlands.'

- French Candidate Macron Condemns Turkey, March 12, 2017


'Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke on Sunday called on his Turkish counterpart Binali Yildirim to delay a planned March visit because of "tensions" between Ankara and the Netherlands.

"Such a visit could not take place in light of the current attacks by Turkey against the Netherlands. Therefore I proposed to my Turkish colleague to postpone our meeting," Lokke said in a statement.'

- Denmark calls on Turkish PM to delay planned visit, March 12, 2017


Context

'..Erdogan .. way out of line..'

          (Bazaarmodel - To Heal - Teal) - '..is it possible to build a truly Evolutionary-Teal school?' (no replies)        
'This factory-like system seems increasingly out of date. More and more people are crying out for innovation in education and starting to experiment with curricula, technologies, and governance in schools. But is it possible to build a truly Evolutionary-Teal school? And what would it look like? A superb example can be found in the center of Berlin in Germany. The “ESBZ” is a grade 7-12 school that opened its doors in 2007 with more than a bit of improvisation. Just three months before the start of the school year, the city council had suddenly given a decrepit prefabricated building from communist times to a group of pesky parents who simply wouldn’t let go of their dream. When the school year started, only 16 students were registered. A few months later, at the mid-year point, 30 more students had joined, mostly rejects and troublemakers other schools had expelled. Hardly a promising start for a new school. And yet today, only a few years later, the school has 500 students and attracts hundreds of principals, teachers, and education specialists from all over the country who want to study the ESBZ model.'

- Frederic Laloux, (Reinventing Organizations, Chapter 2.2 _ Self-management Structures), page 93


'..Yet unlike Sudbury, Montessori or Steiner schools, Rasfeld’s institution tries to embed student self-determination within a relatively strict system of rules. Students who dawdle during lessons have to come into school on Saturday morning to catch up, a punishment known as “silentium”. “The more freedom you have, the more structure you need,” says Rasfeld.

The main reason why the ESBC is gaining a reputation as Germany’s most exciting school is that its experimental philosophy has managed to deliver impressive results..'


'..At Oberländer’s school, there are no grades until students turn 15, no timetables and no lecture-style instructions. The pupils decide which subjects they want to study for each lesson and when they want to take an exam.

The school’s syllabus reads like any helicopter parent’s nightmare. Set subjects are limited to maths, German, English and social studies, supplemented by more abstract courses such as “responsibility” and “challenge”. For challenge, students aged 12 to 14 are given €150 (£115) and sent on an adventure that they have to plan entirely by themselves. Some go kayaking; others work on a farm. Anton went trekking along England’s south coast.

The philosophy behind these innovations is simple: as the requirements of the labour market are changing, and smartphones and the internet are transforming the ways in which young people process information, the school’s headteacher, Margret Rasfeld, argues, the most important skill a school can pass down to its students is the ability to motivate themselves.

“Look at three or four year olds – they are all full of self-confidence,” Rasfeld says. “Often, children can’t wait to start school. But frustratingly, most schools then somehow manage to untrain that confidence.”

The Evangelical School Berlin Centre (ESBC) is trying to do nothing less than “reinvent what a school is”, she says. “The mission of a progressive school should be to prepare young people to cope with change, or better still, to make them look forward to change. In the 21st century, schools should see it as their job to develop strong personalities.”

Making students listen to a teacher for 45 minutes and punishing them for collaborating on an exercise, Rasfeld says, was not only out of sync with the requirements of the modern world of work, but counterproductive. “Nothing motivates students more than when they discover the meaning behind a subject of their own accord.”

Students at her school are encouraged to think up other ways to prove their acquired skills, such as coding a computer game instead of sitting a maths exam. Oberländer, who had never been away from home for three weeks until he embarked on his challenge in Cornwall, said he learned more English on his trip than he had in several years of learning the language at school.

Germany’s federalised education structure, in which each of the 16 states plans its own education system, has traditionally allowed “free learning” models to flourish. Yet unlike Sudbury, Montessori or Steiner schools, Rasfeld’s institution tries to embed student self-determination within a relatively strict system of rules. Students who dawdle during lessons have to come into school on Saturday morning to catch up, a punishment known as “silentium”. “The more freedom you have, the more structure you need,” says Rasfeld.

The main reason why the ESBC is gaining a reputation as Germany’s most exciting school is that its experimental philosophy has managed to deliver impressive results..

..

Aged 65 and due to retire in July, Rasfeld still has ambitious plans. A four-person “education innovation lab” based at the school has been developing teaching materials for schools that want to follow the ESBC’s lead. About 40 schools in Germany are in the process of adopting some or all of Rasfeld’s methods. One in Berlin’s Weissensee district recently let a student trek across the Alps for a challenge project. “Things are only getting started,” says Rasfeld.

“In education, you can only create change from the bottom – if the orders come from the top, schools will resist. Ministries are like giant oil tankers: it takes a long time to turn them around. What we need is lots of little speedboats to show you can do things differently.” '

- Philip Oltermann, No grades, no timetable: Berlin school turns teaching upside down, July 1, 2016


Context

(To Heal - Teal - Bazaarmodel) - Striving for wholeness '..We have let our busy egos trump the quiet voice of our soul; many cultures often celebrate the mind and neglect the body..'

(Bazaarmodel - To Heal - Teal) - 'Your physical .. cultural .. soul heredity..'

(To Heal) - Overview of Focus Levels '..to areas of greater free will choice.'


(To Heal) - Overview of Focus Levels '..to areas of greater free will choice.'

          The Christmas Truce of 1914 - '..what might have happened if the truce had spread and this had caused the war to end earlier..' (no replies)        
'.."What If," points out that he thinks … and of course this is speculation, counterfactual history ... that if we had had no Russian Revolution, we wouldn’t have gotten to that point where communism took over, no Lenin, no Stalin, there would be no Treaty of Versailles, mistreated Germany, therefore Hitler would not have had his cause to rise and no Hitler and Nazism and World War II..'

'Deist: One thing that’s so remarkable about the Christmas Truce is this whole question of what might have happened if the truce had spread and this had caused the war to end earlier or be somehow limited. Weintraub addresses this in his book. We may not have had the rise of communism, the Russian Revolution and Stalin and Lenin, we certainly would not have had Versailles. As a result, we might not have had Hitler or Nazism or maybe even FDR. I mean, it’s remarkable to think about, isn’t it?

Denson: That’s right and that’s counterfactual history at its best. Weintraub, in his last chapter, entitled "What If," points out that he thinks … and of course this is speculation, counterfactual history ... that if we had had no Russian Revolution, we wouldn’t have gotten to that point where communism took over, no Lenin, no Stalin, there would be no Treaty of Versailles, mistreated Germany, therefore Hitler would not have had his cause to rise and no Hitler and Nazism and World War II, as I have argued in the past, World War II was simply a continuation of World War I with a truce, and World War I was to see if you could remake the world to benefit the English, the British, and the Russian Czar. World War II was to see if you could keep it that way, what they’d done in World War I. So, it would have changed the whole history, in my opinion, of the twentieth century. And, we are still in the Middle East, suffering the results of the treaties that ended World War I. I mean, the treaties that created Iraq, tried to give Syria to the French, and Israel was created in the middle of an Arab world and it’s still a problem that was created by the World War I treaties. So, all of that, the whole twentieth century, I think, would have been completely different, if it could have ended, say when the troops stopped at Christmas of 1914. It’s amazing to think about that.

..

..H. Kingsley Wood, a cabinet minister, got up and made a speech and he said, he had been in the trenches, he said in the front trenches in Christmas 1914 and he said, I took part in what was well known at the time as a truce. We went over in front of the trenches and shook hands with many of our German enemies and a great number of people and I think we did something that was degrading or wrong and refused to stop, he said, the fact is, we did it. And I then came to the conclusion that I have held very firmly ever since, that if we had been left to ourselves, there never would have been another shot fired. For a fortnight, the troops went on and we were on the most friendly terms and it was only the fact that we were being controlled by others that made it necessary for us to start trying to shoot one another again.

And he blamed the resumption of war on “the grip of the political system which was bad, and I and others who were there at the time, determined there and then, never to rest until we had seen whether we could change it.” And then it concludes. There are people that thrive on war, the military industrial complex and one of the results of the World War I revisionism showed that the people that do the armaments and make money off that, help cause war. There are people, bankers, that have an interest. JP Morgan had a big interest in America getting into World War I and he financed the British Army..'

- The Christmas Truce and the Future of War, December 24, 2016


Context

(Haptopraxeology) - '..We have lost three centuries as a result of ignoring our scholars!'

Christmas Truce of 1914

In The Electric Universe a Future of Peace and Love


'..the mismanagement and corruption of bankers and politicians..

Economics in One Lesson

          '..Russia .. cyberpower proved the perfect weapon .. political sabotage..' (no replies)        
' “We’d have all these circular meetings,” one senior State Department official said, “in which everyone agreed you had to push back at the Russians and push back hard. But it didn’t happen.”

..

Mr. Putin, a student of martial arts, had turned two institutions at the core of American democracy — political campaigns and independent media — to his own ends..

..

..The Russians clearly had a more sophisticated understanding of American politics, and they were masters of “kompromat,” their term for compromising information.

..

..the hackings of the State Department, the White House and the Pentagon..

..

What seems clear is that Russian hacking, given its success, is not going to stop. Two weeks ago, the German intelligence chief, Bruno Kahl, warned that Russia might target elections in Germany next year. “The perpetrators have an interest to delegitimize the democratic process as such,” Mr. Kahl said. Now, he added, “Europe is in the focus of these attempts of disturbance, and Germany to a particularly great extent.” '



'..the White House’s reluctance to respond forcefully meant the Russians have not paid a heavy price for their actions, a decision that could prove critical in deterring future cyberattacks.

..

..President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia moved beyond mere espionage to deliberately try to subvert American democracy and pick the winner of the presidential election.

..

..A low-cost, high-impact weapon that Russia had test-fired in elections from Ukraine to Europe was trained on the United States, with devastating effectiveness. For Russia, with an enfeebled economy and a nuclear arsenal it cannot use short of all-out war, cyberpower proved the perfect weapon: cheap, hard to see coming, hard to trace.

..

The United States had two decades of warning that Russia’s intelligence agencies were trying to break into America’s most sensitive computer networks. But the Russians have always managed to stay a step ahead.

Their first major attack was detected on Oct. 7, 1996, when a computer operator at the Colorado School of Mines discovered some nighttime computer activity he could not explain. The school had a major contract with the Navy, and the operator warned his contacts there. But as happened two decades later at the D.N.C., at first “everyone was unable to connect the dots,” said Thomas Rid, a scholar at King’s College in London who has studied the attack.

Investigators gave it a name — Moonlight Maze — and spent two years, often working day and night, tracing how it hopped from the Navy to the Department of Energy to the Air Force and NASA. In the end, they concluded that the total number of files stolen, if printed and stacked, would be taller than the Washington Monument.

Whole weapons designs were flowing out the door, and it was a first taste of what was to come: an escalating campaign of cyberattacks around the world.

..

The Russians were also quicker to turn their attacks to political purposes. A 2007 cyberattack on Estonia, a former Soviet republic that had joined NATO, sent a message that Russia could paralyze the country without invading it. The next year cyberattacks were used during Russia’s war with Georgia.

..

Mr. Obama was briefed regularly on all this, but he made a decision that many in the White House now regret: He did not name Russians publicly, or issue sanctions. There was always a reason: fear of escalating a cyberwar, and concern that the United States needed Russia’s cooperation in negotiations over Syria.

“We’d have all these circular meetings,” one senior State Department official said, “in which everyone agreed you had to push back at the Russians and push back hard. But it didn’t happen.”

..

Last year, the attacks became more aggressive. Russia hacked a major French television station, frying critical hardware. Around Christmas, it attacked part of the power grid in Ukraine, dropping a portion of the country into darkness, killing backup generators and taking control of generators. In retrospect, it was a warning shot.

..

..CrowdStrike’s nicknames for the two Russian hacking groups that the firm found at work inside the D.N.C. network. Cozy Bear — the group also known as the Dukes or A.P.T. 29, for “advanced persistent threat” — may or may not be associated with the F.S.B., the main successor to the Soviet-era K.G.B., but it is widely believed to be a Russian government operation. It made its first appearance in 2014, said Dmitri Alperovitch, CrowdStrike’s co-founder and chief technology officer.

..

Only in March 2016 did Fancy Bear show up — first penetrating the computers of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, and then jumping to the D.N.C., investigators believe. Fancy Bear, sometimes called A.P.T. 28 and believed to be directed by the G.R.U., Russia’s military intelligence agency, is an older outfit, tracked by Western investigators for nearly a decade. It was Fancy Bear that got hold of Mr. Podesta’s email.

..

It was bad enough that Russian hackers had been spying inside the committee’s network for months. Now the public release of documents had turned a conventional espionage operation into something far more menacing: political sabotage, an unpredictable, uncontrollable menace for Democratic campaigns.

..

Julian Assange, the WikiLeaks founder and editor, has resisted the conclusion that his site became a pass-through for Russian hackers working for Mr. Putin’s government or that he was deliberately trying to undermine Mrs. Clinton’s candidacy. But the evidence on both counts appears compelling.

..

Mr. Putin, a student of martial arts, had turned two institutions at the core of American democracy — political campaigns and independent media — to his own ends. The media’s appetite for the hacked material, and its focus on the gossipy content instead of the Russian source, disturbed some of those whose personal emails were being reposted across the web.

..

In late 2014, hackers working for Kim Jong-un, the North’s young and unpredictable leader, had carried out a well-planned attack on Sony Pictures Entertainment intended to stop the Christmastime release of a comedy about a C.I.A. plot to kill Mr. Kim.

In that case, embarrassing emails had also been released. But the real damage was done to Sony’s own systems: More than 70 percent of its computers melted down when a particularly virulent form of malware was released. Within weeks, intelligence agencies traced the attack back to the North and its leadership. Mr. Obama called North Korea out in public, and issued some not-very-effective sanctions. The Chinese even cooperated, briefly cutting off the North’s internet connections.

As the first Situation Room meetings on the Russian hacking began in July, “it was clear that Russia was going to be a much more complicated case,” said one participant. The Russians clearly had a more sophisticated understanding of American politics, and they were masters of “kompromat,” their term for compromising information.

..

..code was put out in the open by the Russians as a warning: Retaliate for the D.N.C., and there are a lot more secrets, from the hackings of the State Department, the White House and the Pentagon, that might be spilled as well. One senior official compared it to the scene in “The Godfather” where the head of a favorite horse is left in a bed, as a warning.

..

As the year draws to a close, it now seems possible that there will be multiple investigations of the Russian hacking — the intelligence review Mr. Obama has ordered completed by Jan. 20, the day he leaves office, and one or more congressional inquiries. They will wrestle with, among other things, Mr. Putin’s motive.

..

Did he seek to mar the brand of American democracy, to forestall anti-Russian activism for both Russians and their neighbors? Or to weaken the next American president, since presumably Mr. Putin had no reason to doubt American forecasts that Mrs. Clinton would win easily? Or was it, as the C.I.A. concluded last month, a deliberate attempt to elect Mr. Trump?

In fact, the Russian hack-and-dox scheme accomplished all three goals.

What seems clear is that Russian hacking, given its success, is not going to stop. Two weeks ago, the German intelligence chief, Bruno Kahl, warned that Russia might target elections in Germany next year. “The perpetrators have an interest to delegitimize the democratic process as such,” Mr. Kahl said. Now, he added, “Europe is in the focus of these attempts of disturbance, and Germany to a particularly great extent.” '

- Eric Lipton, David E. Sanger and Scott Shane, The Perfect Weapon: How Russian Cyberpower Invaded the U.S., December 13, 2016


Context '[Russia] may become a threat to the world. That is the worst thing that could happen to Russia.' - Yegor Gaidar

'..Russian strategy of hybrid influence and destabilization .. German Council on Foreign Relations.'

'German intelligence says Russia is trying to destabilize German society..' - '..war that Moscow is waging against the West..'

'[Putin is doing] anything that can and will expand Russian influence to U.S.S.R.-era levels of power.'


'..Zero tolerance for Russian intrusions .. Estonia .. policy of publicly naming or prosecuting spies..'

'..the Soviet Union was cut off from Western financial markets and was effectively under permanent sanctions..'

          RENUNGKANLAH SAUDARAKU...!        
Abdul Karim Germanus, Legenda Muslim Hungaria
"Islam satu saat nanti akan memperlihatkan keajaibannya pada saat dunia mulai diliputi oleh kegelapan." (Abdul Karim Germanus) Dr. Abdul Karim Germanus (1884-1979) adalah seorang orientalis terkemuka asal Hungaria dan juga seorang akademisi yang telah mendunia. Perjalanan spiritual Abdul Karim Germanus (dulu bernama Julius Germanus) mencari Islam menyita hampir separuh perjalanan hidupnya. Dia menghabiskan sepanjang hidupnya untuk mempertahankan Islam dan bahasa Arab. Selepas melewati masa-masa sulit semasa remaja dan lepas dari belenggu tradisi, dia kemudian tertarik untuk mempelajari Islam. Germanus menggambarkan kisah keislamannya itu sebagai “bangunnya sebuah kehidupan baru.” Disebutkan, awal perkenalannya dengan Islam adalah di Turki pada saat menjadi mahasiswa di sana. Kemudian, dia pergi ke India untuk mengajar di sana, pada masa Perang Dunia I. Dan di negeri Bollywood itulah dia mengucapkan dua kalimah syahadah. Selepas bertugas di India Germanus kembali ke Hungaria dan diangkat sebagai profesor di sana. Dia sering beradu argumentasi dengan para profesor dan orientalis Hungaria, terutama tentang kebenaran Islam. Berikut kisah perjalanan hidup salah satu legenda Muslim di Hungaria ini yang diambil dari beberapa sumber. *** Awal perjalanan Germanus lahir di Budapes, ibukota Hungaria pada tahun 1884 dan dibesarkan dalam nuansa Kristen taat. Segera setelah lulus dari Universitas Budapes, dia memutuskan untuk mengambil spesialisasi bahasa Turki. Selanjutnya pada tahun 1903 dia pergi ke Istanbul. Dia diterima di Universitas Istanbul dan mengambil program studi bahasa Turki. Selama bertahun-tahun tinggal di sana akhirnya dia menjadi fasih baik dalam hal percakapan, membaca maupun menulis. Selama di Istanbul, Germanus juga belajar Al-Quran berikut terjemahan dalam bahasa Turki. Itulah perkenalan awalnya dengan Islam. Dengan kemampuannya yang tinggi dalam membaca terjemahan Al-Quran berbahasa Turki, membuatnya mudah memahami Islam langsung dari sumber aslinya. Tak hanya itu, dia juga membandingkan terjemahan dalam beberapa bahasa lainnya. Sebuah upaya yang lazim dilakukan oleh misionaris Kristen untuk mengkaji kelemahan Islam. Namun Germanus justru tertarik dengan Islam. Termotivasi dengan kebenaran agama Islam, dia memutuskan untuk melakukan penelitian yakni menelusuri apa saja yang telah ditulis oleh orang-orang Kristen tentang Islam dan membandingkannya dengan sumber aslinya yaitu Al-Quran dan Sunnah Nabi. Dia melakukan berbagai upaya. Misalnya dengan membaca terjemahan kitab-kitab hadis dalam rangka mempelajari perkataan-perkataan Nabi Muhammad SAW. “Bertengkar” dengan profesor Germanus kembali ke Hungaria dan berjumpa dengan beberapa eks profesornya di Universitas Budapes. Mereka punya reputasi hebat sebagai orientalis. Namun sering menyampaikan pemikiran-pemikiran yang menyimpang tentang Islam. Germanus berdebat dengan para profesor itu. Dia menceritakan karakter sesungguhnya dari sosok Nabi Muhammad SAW. Uraiannya didasarkan pada berbagai hadis yang dia ketahui. Setelah puas “bertengkar” dengan para profesornya, Germanus memutuskan belajar bahasa Arab lebih mendalam lagi. Germanus memang punya bakat besar di bidang bahasa. Buktinya, dalam jangka waktu singkat dia sudah mahir berbahasa Arab. Belum puas, dia juga belajar bahasa Persia. Tahun 1912, Germanus diangkat sebagai profesor bahasa Arab, Persia dan Turki di Hungarian Royal Academy di Budapes. Dia juga mengasuh mata kuliah Sejarah Islam. Selanjutnya dia memimpin Department of Oriental studies pada Budapest University of Economics. Bersyahadah di India Pada tahun 1928, setelah bekerja beberapa lama di University of Budapest, sastrawan dan penerima Nobel terkemuka asal Bangladesh (dulu masih bernama India -red) Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) mengundang Germanus untuk mengajar sekaligus memimpin program Islamic Studies di Visva-Bharati University. Germanus bermukim di India selama beberapa tahun dan disana pula dia menemukan cahaya Islam. Prosesi syahadahnya berlangsung di Mesjid Agung Delhi dan dia berganti nama menjadi Abdul Karim. Universitas tempat dia bekerja tak mendiskriminasikannya gara-gara masuk Islam. Bahkan dia mendapat kelonggaran, misalnya untuk menunaikan shalat Jumat ke mesjid. Keinginan Germanus yang kuat untuk mendalami Islam dan menyelami sifat-sifat khas Muslim telah mempertemukannya dengan salah satu pujangga Islam tersohor asal Pakistan yakni Muhammad Iqbal. Rasa ingin tahu Germanus yang begitu tinggi hingga dia sering terlibat pembicaraan hingga berjam-jam lamanya. Tak hanya itu, mereka juga sering berdiskusi tentang aktifitas para orientalis dan misionaris Kristen. Germanus dan Iqbal punya pandangan berbeda tentang aktifitas misionaris Kristen. Menurut Germanus, propaganda yang disebarkan oleh para misionaris Kristen di Eropa sebagai sebuah masalah pelik yang mengkhawatirkan. Sementara Iqbal justru melihat masalah sesungguhnya ada pada orang Islam sendiri. Iqbal menyebut kesatuan Muslim yang lemah yang membuat Islam mudah diombang-ambing. Belajar bahasa Arab klasik Kecintaan Germanus pada bahasa Arab telah membawanya ke Kairo, tempat dimana dia kemudian belajar bahasa Arab klasik. Satu ketika, pada saat pertama kali menjejakkan kakinya di pelabuhan Alexandria, dia mengaku sangat terkejut dengan respon yang diberikan oleh penduduk setempat. Mereka pada tertawa mendengar bahasa Arab Germanus. Bukan apa-apa, karena dia berbicara dengan menggunakan bahasa Arab klasik atau kuno! Mereka, warga Alexandria, berbincang dengan memakai dialek setempat hingga Germanus tak mampu mencerna apa yang mereka ucapkan. Kontan dia merasa marah dan berteriak lantang, “Saya kemari untuk belajar bahasa Al-Quran dari Anda! Kenapa kalian justru menertawakan dan mengejek saya?” Selama di Mesir, Germanus menjalin hubungan erat dengan penulis terkenal negeri kuda nil itu yakni Mahmoud Timour. Mahmoud bahkan menulis tentang perjalanan Germanus mencari Islam dalam bukunya Behind the Veil (Dibalik Hijab) yang berisi kumpulan kisah-kisah pendek. Dia menyebut Germanus seorang teman yang baik, yang memiliki kecakapan bahasa Arab demikian mengagumkan. Menurut Mahmoud, Germanus memainkan peranan yang penting dalam menjaga dan melestarikan bahasa Arab klasik. Begitulah, akhirnya Germanus benar-benar mencapai tingkat kemahiran yang tinggi dalam tata bahasa Arab (baca: Al-Quran). Dia selanjutnya kembali ke kampung halaman dan menjadi profesor di Universitas Budapes bidang sejarah dan kebudayaan selama hampir 40 tahun lamanya. Dia banyak mempublikasikan hasil-hasil pemikirannya, terutama tentang kebangkitan bahasa Arab klasik di dunia Arab. Obsesinya adalah membangkitkan kembali kejayaan bahasa Arab klasik yang mati suri selama sekian lama. Impiannya, satu saat nanti semua negara-negara Arab bisa bercakap dengan format bahasa Arab yang seragam hingga akan mengikat kesatuan di antara mereka serta tumbuh kecintaan akan warisan budaya dan sejarah Arab yang begitu tinggi. Menentang sikap orientalis Sepanjang perjalanan karir akademisnya, Germanus berperang melawan orientalis di Eropa. Dalam berbagai penjelasan, dia selalu menyampaikan argumentasinya berdasarkan data dan fakta serta rasional. Begitupun dia selalu mendapat tentangan, bahkan menjurus permusuhan. Akibatnya sering berselisih pendapat dengan para orientalis lain. Bahkan dia dipecat oleh pihak universitas dengan alasan kelakuan yang tidak pantas. Sebaliknya dengan para mahasiswa bimbingannya, meskipun Germanus dicap berseberangan pemikiran dengan para orientalis, mereka tetap mendukung ide-ide yang dibawanya. Mereka menghargai pekerjaannya dan melihat buah karyanya punya pengaruh yang besar secara akademis, di Barat dan dunia Islam. Karena dukungan para mahasiswa itu pula dia masih masih bisa tetap menjadi staf pengajar di universitas. Naik Haji Di Hungaria, Germanus berusaha keras memberikan pencerahan kepada Muslim di negerinya, yang kala itu berjumlah antara 1000 hingga 2000 jiwa. Dia mendirikan sebuah organisasi guna menjembatani hubungan antara Islam dengan pemerintah. Misinya kala itu adalah membawa Islam agar diterima sebagai salah satu agama resmi di Hungaria. Tahun 1935 Germanus menunaikan rukum Islam kelima dan menjadi satu dari sedikit Muslim Eropa yang berangkat ke Mekkah pada masa itu. Tahun 1939 dia menunaikan ibadah haji untuk kali kedua. Bahkan kisah perjalanan rohaninya ke Mekkah dirangkumnya dalam sebuah buku berbahasa Hungaria yang cukup terkenal berjudul Allahu Akbar! Buku tersebut telah diterjemahkan ke dalam beberapa bahasa. Germanus menikah dengan seorang perempuan Eropa yang dulunya beragama Kristen. Setelah beberapa lama, sang istri akhirnya memeluk Islam dengan disaksikan oleh Syekh Ahmed Abdul Ghafur Attar, seorang penulis dan akademisi Islam terkenal. Publikasi Islam di Eropa Germanus aktif berdakwah melalui tulisan. Dia menulis tentang Islam di pelbagai media di Eropa. Dalam sebuah artikelnya dia pernah menulis bahwa Islam satu saat nanti akan memperlihatkan keajaibannya pada saat dunia mulai diliputi oleh kegelapan. Germanus bisa disebut sebagai jenius bahasa. Buktinya dia menulis banyak buku, diantaranya The Greek, Arabic Literature in Hungarian, Lights of the East, Uncovering the Arabian Peninsula, Between Intellectuals, The History of Arabic Literature, The History of the Arabs, Modern Movements in Islam, Studies in the Grammatical Structure of the Arabic Language, Journeys of Arabs, Pre-Islamic Poetry, Great Arabic Literature, Guidance From the Light of the Crescent (a personal memoir), An Adventure in the Desert, Arab Nationalism, Allahu Akbar, Mahmoud Timour and Modern Arabic Literature, The Great Arab Poets, dan The Rise of Arab Culture. Germanus yang meninggal pada 7 Nopember 1979 mengabdikan dirinya untuk Islam sepanjang lebih kurang 50 tahun. Begitulah, kisah sang legenda yang tak lekang oleh zaman. Dia dikenang hingga kini sebagai salah satu legenda Muslim di Hungaria. [www.hidayatullah.com]
          Three days in Berlin (or improving the pim user experience)        

KDE Project:

Last weekend I've met with some of our old timer KDEPIM developers and some of the newer ones who are interested in KDEPIM or related technologies in the KDAB offices in Berlin.
Being a KDAB employee for a few years already (wow, time is passing quickly), the place was familiar, the people looked familiar. The foosball table was slightly familiar, although some players changed their dresses in order to spread confusion inside the visitor's heads. That is the only reason we've lost against locals with 5-0, 5-0.
Suprisingly enough, the table wasn't used that much. Why? Because people were busy either working and talking. What they talked about I don't know too much, as I focused on some issues I planned to fix, but others can testify that Volker did not sit too much in front of his computers, but was dragged from one place to another for various discussions.
Most of us started on Friday around noon. I won't tell too much about what others did, that is mostly their problem. Especially if they were on the other side of the room and I didn't saw their screens, I can't tell if they worked at all or not. They looked like they did though. ;) I can share some things about what some sitting nearby did. See later.
As recently I became the de-facto maintainer and bugfixer for mail filters, I worked mostly on them. Unfortunately the first attempt to fix a bug failed: a bug that bothers me, although it is not the most reported one. It is about mails not being filtered for a while after a resume from hibernation. It is hard to reproduce, and although I run into it, I couldn't reproduce reliably enough and in a way I can debug it. After fighting with it and realising it won't work, I gave up. See you next time.
Meantime we had some excellent food in an Indian restaurant, then when finally everybody arrived (almost everybody to be honest, plus even some more from KDAB who didn't sign up, but show up there), we were ready to start with presenting the kdepim and Akonadi architecture. Old time pimsters Volker Krause, Kevin Krammer and Tobias Koenig helped me with it, and sometimes saved me, as my knowledge in some area proved to be superficial. We ended up with a pretty impressive drawing on the whiteboard:
Hopefully for those being on site it was understandable.

Time passed, so we went out for dinner to a Greek restaurant at the corner. Nice place, third time being there, good food (seems Berlin has only good eating places). We even saw how Germany won over Ireland. Too bad Steveire (Stephen Kelly) was not there... We continued with some more talks and hacking, then everybody went to their sleeping places.
Some left earlier, some later waiting for remote developers to show up and discuss the patches (he didn't show up).

Day 2
Next day started around 9 o'clock for some. Later for others. I continued with the filter debugging and fixing. I looked at the bugreports and tried to come up with some bugs that are both would help the users and myself. I'm selfish, I want to fix the bugs I run into. ;) One problem that bothered me for a long time is that email content from online IMAP is downloaded even if no filter for IMAP requires it (but a filter for e.g POP3 needs the full content). Now this is fixed and those who use online imap could notice a great speedup in mail syncing (depending on their filter setup). Another often reported issue was duplicating the mails, especially after spam filtering. You've ended up with a mail in the spam folder and a mail in the original place. This could be combined with a conflict dialog shown up as well for that mail. This problem actually revealed a not-well handled case down inside the Akonadi stack that was created by a reordering of filter commands in the filtering code. For those who want technical details: if there was a move action (like "move mail to spam folder") followed by a modify action (like "mark as read"), the filter reordered this to "mark as read" followed by a move. Unfortunately this exposed two problems, (mostly, but not only) IMAP specific: on IMAP you can't modify a mail, instead you create a new one and delete the old. What happened here is that a filter changed the mail (run through bogofilter/spamassasin), then the "mark as read" action was executed, which uploaded the changes, including the changed mail to the IMAP server. This caused a new ID for the item on the IMAP server. The mail with the old ID was deleted. Then the filter agent performed a move, but he had only the *old* ID, before the modifications. The move - if performed between two different resources, like IMAP and local maildir - is technically a copy followed by a delete. The copy worked fine, but the delete didn't. It tried to delete the old mail again (which was gone), not the modified version. That's how you ended up with a duplicate.
The current solution is to reorder the filtering pipeline, so the move is performed before the flag modifications. The extra benefit is that the filtered message is not uploaded again just to be deleted the next second. Speedup, less network traffic, better user experience. This doesn't fix the main problem with Akonadi, but it is an acceptable workaround. The reordering is so far only in the master branch (KDE 4.10), but the relevant code will be backported to the 4.9 branch, so it will be in 4.9.3.
And speaking of conflicts, that was the next hot topic, and one of the often reported bugs. It was mostly caused by conflicting flag changes (read/spam/important/etc), either caused by KMail itself plus the filtering or just KMail. After some discussion we agreed, that reporting conflicts on flag changes doesn't make sense, so we should not bother the user. It is not data loss, and in worst case some flag is reset. In normal case nothing wrong happens, as Akonadi is able to merge two changes in the flags (or so claims Volker).
I have to admit that this fix was not completed at the sprint, I finished it today, as I noticed more code in KDEPIM that didn't disable conflict check on flag changes.
While doing the changes, I did quite some refactoring, cleaning up the code as much as I could do for the parts I touched. The code was originally deep inside KMail (as most of other code), got extracted from it for 4.8.0, and now we are at the stage that we can make the extracted code more cleaner, we can remove some things that doesn't make sense anymore now that the filtering is not inside KMail.
While reading the bug reports, I also run into one indicating that mails arriving to an MBOX account (like /var/spool/mail/username) are not filtered automatically. Sounds like an easy bug to fix and so was it. Now they are filtered.
Finally another annoying issue was fixed: there was no indication that filtering is ongoing. Now when this happens, you can see in the KMail's progress bar.
The net result of the above: faster filtering, less annoying and useless error dialogs for the users. And according to bugzilla, 31 bugs less (some were duplicates though).

Nepomuk...one of the things that, well, so far I was always recommending for users to turn off. Slight detour here: what is Nepomuk and its relation to KMail? Nepomuk helps you to find data. It indexes all kind of data and with some queries you can find e.g every file where my name is mentioned, all email addresses from any file, etc. There is a process that goes through the akonadi data (emails, calendars, etc) and "feeds" to it for Nepomuk to be indexed. Then there are queries and code in KMail accessing Nepomuk: getting email addresses for composer's autocompletion, searching inside mail bodies, tagging your emails with custom tags, etc.
Unfortunately there are problems around it. One is that some queries ae processed quite slowly, that in turn slows down KMail, leading to poor user experience. E.g switching between mails, sending mails, etc. is slow. Or startup is slow or even blocked. I tried to fix the last part as I just run into it, but as this was my very first Nepomuk related patch, I'm not sure 100% succeeded. We found a problem with the Nepomuk API itself, and I informed Vishesh, the Nepomuk developer about it (even if I used non-blocking calls against Nepomuk, one call is blocking without question). He suggested something I might try later, although I'd be more happier if somebody with real Nepomuk knowledge could give a review of the pim Nepomuk usage.
Then there is the Akonadi feeder, that gives the data to Nepomuk. Something is not perfect there and the indexing causes a serious slowdown, where either itself or Nepomuk (actually its storage backend, virtuoso) starts to use the CPU *a lot*. This is the main reason I recommend to users to disable Nepomuk so far. We had Christian Mollekopf the author of the feeder in the sprint, and he worked on some optimizations. Hopefully this will improve the situation. Meantime we (and I) tried to convince Vishesh to use KMail, so he can see himself the problems our users face.

As a break we had another presentation, this time about KMail itself, what components make up KMail, how they are distributed. As far as I saw, this was less interesting to the audience, they rather looked at their computers and hacked on something. Luckily our KMail maintainer, Laurent Montel, is super active, but I wouldn't mind more contributors. Too bad he wasn't at the sprint.

We had a lunch at a nearby place, nothing extra, but the food was (again) good.

What did other do? Let's see what I can remember... Sune dreamed about crypto stuff and composite jobs. He worked on making some cryptographic code asynchronous and started to get faimiliar with kdepim code. I'd not say he picked up the easiest job.
Volker run around all the time, discussed various things like "spanish sync" with Alex Fiestas (see here), database backends with Martin, change recorder with David Faure (who remotely joined the meeting and got lost inside the change recorder code ... he has the solution now in his head, so be patient, we will end up with a better implementation for it that again speeds up Akonadi), job pipelines with me, and who knows what with others, as for a long time he just disappeared with a bunch of developers. They actually ended up in the lobby discussing "stuff". Milian Wolf, who is not (or not yet?) a KDEPIM developer, but mainly a KDevelop one, joined us and used massif to track down some ugly memory usage in KMail. And he did a good job in it. Previously KMail used more and more memory as you navigated between large folders (Alex mentioned some 2GB for him), while now it levels up at one point and doesn't increase. He might blog himself about, as he has also some nice graphs.
Then there were two guys from KDAB, who are old time pim developers (quiz: find their names in this blog), but they cooked something else, not related to KDEPIM, not related concretely to KDE, but to a lower level: to Qt. It is an amazingly cool stuff, but I don't want to give more details. Expect it to be presented a the Qt Developer Days, either in a talk or at the KDAB booth. Don't worry, I'm pretty sure it will be freely available what they did and KDE can enjoy it in the future.
I'm sorry that I don't remember what the rest did. In general I know that Martin Klapetek worked on the social network resources, Mark Gaiser, who recently started to work on KDEPIM stuff eagerly listened to our presentations and worked on a QML calendar application, Alex kept reporting bugs and discussed improvements with Volker, while John Layt, the "timezone KDE guy" worked on plasma calendar related issues.
As a KDE person Chani also joined us for a while, we quickly nominated her as the QML and Plasma person, so all questions related to them were immediately redirected to Chani. Jos Poortvilet was also supposed to join for some talks, but he could show up only on Sunday for personal reasons.
At the end of the day everybody was so busy, so instead of going out for eating, we just ordered some pizza. And most of us stood in the office well past midnight.

Day 3
Well, the above partially happened on Sunday. It was a shorter day for me, due to the late night standup before, and that I had to go to the airport after lunch. A lunch that wasn't exactly as planned. We went out for a Doner Kebab place that is supposed to be the best one in Berlin. It is just a small kiosk on the sidewalk in a street, but man, there was a big queue for it. On a Sunday! Locals says it is worse on weekdays. Even after almost an hour, we still had 10 persons in front of us, my departure time was approaching, so I gave up and instead bought some (quite good) chinese fast-food from a nearby place, then rushed to the airport.
A long journey awaited me with a 3 hour stopover in Munich, but luckily I had a power supply there and even some network (they offer 30 minutes/day/phone number), so I could continue on the work I started at the sprint. After flying and driving another 2.5 hours, I arrived late (or rather early) morning next day back home, and after sleept until around 10. Then I started to work again for KDAB, a work that is just as enjoyable as working for KDE. After all, the two communities has a serious overlap. ;)
That's from the sprint. If you'll be at the Qt Developer Days Europe, we might meet there. I'm looking forward for a good conference.


          Dear Mr. Fantasy        
Earlier this week I participated in my Fantasy Football league’s second annual live draft at the Lederhosen German Pub and Restaurant in NYC’s West Village. We ate bratwurst and Black Forrest Cake, drank Spaten and Berliner Weisse and spent the better part of three hours screaming out NFL player names in the hopes of securing … Continue reading
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Objet ayant éà servi mais qui est toujours en bon état. Le boîtier ou la pochette peut présenter des dommages mineurs comme des éraflures des rayures ou des fissures. Pour les CD le livret et le texte arrière du boîtier sont inclus. Pour les VHS et DVD le boîtier est inclus. Pour les jeux vidé les instructions sont incluses. Pour les CD et DVD le disque ne saute pas. Pour les bandes VHS image est ni floue ni neigeuse. Consulter anonce du vendeur pour avoir plus de étails et voir la description des éfauts. Afficher la éfinition de tous les états- la page ouvre dans une nouvelle fenêtre ou uouvel onglet... En savoir plussur étatnFormat: nDVDnZone: nZone : EuropenOrigine: nCinéma américainPackaging: nEmballén n nCHECK OUT ALL MY OTHER ITEMS BEFORE THEY SELL. n PLEASE BID PROMPTLY SO AS NOT TO LOSE OUT!!!!n NOUVELLE SOLUTION TRÈINTERESSANTE:nAchetez des autres articles ensemble pour économiser sur les frais postaux !!!n SECRET WINDOW   nBOXED DVD !n nAUDIO LANGUAGES AVAILABLE: ENGLISH OR GERMANnMOVIE SUBTITL
          European Football Podcast - Episode 113: 18th May        
Sam Norris is joined by Alex Dunn on this edition of the European Football Podcast. The pair preview games from Germany, Portugal and Russia this week. #betting #EuropeanPodcast #football
          European Football Podcast - Episode 115: 28th April        
Sam Norris offers his thoughts ahead of three of the biggest games in Europe this week. He analyses one match in Germany, one in Italy and one in Spain. #EuropeanFootball #podcast #betting
          European Football Podcast - Episode 113: 13th April        
Sam Norris joins Mark Walton to preview three games across the continent this weekend with games from Italy, Germany and France up for discussion. Enjoy.
          The FWA Podcast: Friday March 24        
The Sun's football editor Charlie Wyett joins Alex Dunn to reflect on England's friendly defeat to Germany on Wednesday and discuss whether three at the back is the way forward for the Three Lions. They then look ahead to the Home Nations World Cup qualifiers. Enjoy.
          The Punt: Monday 20th March        
As the International break begins Mark Walton and Sam Norris take a look at the Premier League Top 4 and relegation markets before discussing the Germany v England match on Wednesday. Enjoy.
          The Punt: Monday 10 October        
Dave Kelner is joined by Sam Norris to preview the World Cup Qualifiers involving the Home Nations on Tuesday night. England travel to Slovenia, Scotland to Slovakia and Northern Ireland to Germany. Sam gives you his best bets. #football #betting #thepunt
          Euros Punt Podcast: 7th July        
We look ahead to semi-final number two on this edition of the podcast and Derek McGovern, Stefan Bienkowski, Andrew Gibney, Dave Kelner, Lee Phelps and Mark Walton all feature. They look ahead to the game between Germany and France and flag up their best bets along the way. Enjoy. http://serve.williamhill.com/promoRedirect?member=audiobooUK&campaign=DEFAULT&channel=will_football&zone=1478396557&lp=1478422550
          Euros Punt Podcast: 2nd July        
Germany face Italy in the Euros Quarter Finals and we have Stefan Bienkowski and Derek McGovern's thoughts on the match, plus a look at some little known German facts.
          Euros Punt Podcast: 26th June        
Sunday's games see France take on the Republic of Ireland before Germany v Slovakia and Hungary v Belgium. On this edition we hear from Dereck McGovern, Chris Mayer & Stefan Bienkowski on the respective matches. Enjoy. http://serve.williamhill.com/promoRedirect?member=audiobooUK&campaign=DEFAULT&channel=will_football&zone=1478396557&lp=1478422550
          The Punt: Euros 16th June        
Jack Critchley is joined by Derek McGovern and Stefan Bienkowski to look ahead to England v Wales, Ukraine v Northern Ireland & Germany v Poland. Plus there's trivia, country files and all of the best betting tips
          Euros Punt Podcast: Sunday 12th June        
We have a jam-packed podcast with Emre Sarigul, Stefan Bienkowski, Neil Lennon, Derek McGovern and Lee Phelps all joining Michael Wood to preview the day's games. Turkey take on Croatia, Poland face Northern Ireland and Germany are against Ukraine. Listen now for information on all six nations playing on day three. #ThePunt #betting #football #Euro2016
          The Euros - Group C Preview        
The world champions Germany enter the Euros in Group C alongside Poland, Ukraine and surprise qualifiers Northern Ireland. This time Pete Farries, Jack Critchley and James Buttler talk you through their best bets. Enjoy.
          European Football Podcast - Episode 85: Thu 19 May        
Dave Kelner and Sam Norris are with you to preview a host of Cup Finals on the continent this weekend. The chaps look at the action in Italy, Germany, Spain, Portugal and France and come up with their best bets, #DFBCup #CoppaItalia #CopaDelRey #CoupdeFrance
          Canoeing-Overnight        
More pictures here


















































          Oxytocin keeps attached men away from hot women        
The "love hormone" oxytocin may help maintain romantic relationships by prompting men to keep their distance from attractive women, a new study from Germany suggests.
          The dirtiest clean places — and how to clean them up        

dishwasher, health, today, stock, msnbc stock photography, house, home, appliance, kitchenYou expect some spots to be filthy—your kitchen floor, your garbage can, your toilet. But how germy are the things designed to keep you and your home clean?



          Burn After Reading        

Who’s Who
What’s What

In the World of CIA Fronts, Partners, Proprietaries & Contractors




NEW BOOK:

The Almost Classified Guide to CIA Front Companies, Proprietaries & Contractors
By WAYNE MADSEN
ISBN: 978-1-365-11196-9


Cool Justice Editor's Note: Following are excerpts from author Madsen's introduction and the body of the work. Additional suggested reading: News story about Madsen's book via the Washington, D.C. based Justice Integrity Project [link at the bottom of this post].

EXCERPTS:

From the Introduction


One of the most pervasive uses of companies as intelligence partners was under the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD. During the Cold War, the CIA, often with the approval of corporate executives, infiltrated their agents to work as journalists in newspapers, radio and television networks, wire services, and magazines. The following pages in this book are rife with examples of this penetration of the Fourth Estate – all too many in the opinion of this journalist. The CIA admitted to at least 400 journalists on the agency’s payroll at the height of MOCKINGBIRD. The CIA traditionally understates its capabilities, especially when its covert activities become publicly known. Moreover, the end of the Cold War did not stop the practice of the CIA in infiltrating the media and slant news reports to its wishes.

*

An insightful look behind the veils of secrecy into the CIA’s use of fronts, proprietaries, and partners calls into question the purpose of the CIA. Created by President Harry S Truman to serve as a central collector and repository of intelligence, the CIA became much more than that. A few weeks after the United States witnessed the assassination of President Kennedy in the middle of downtown Dallas, Truman penned an op-ed piece that appeared in several newspapers around the country. In it, Truman shared his regret for having created the CIA in 1947:

“I think it has become necessary to take another look at the purpose and operations of our Central Intelligence Agency—CIA . . . For some time I have been disturbed by the way CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the Government. This has led to trouble and may have compounded our difficulties in several explosive areas.

"I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment I think we have experienced are in part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role that it is being interpreted as a symbol of sinister and mysterious foreign intrigue.”

*

The 21st century’s CIA’s partners are more likely to be found among high-tech companies marketing the latest and greatest mobile applications and data mining programs than among banks, law offices, and advertising agencies. However, in the post-World War II era, the CIA’s top and middle echelons were normally found operating through cover as typewriter-pecking journalists, traveling Madison Avenue admen, corporate lawyers, and chain-smoking oilmen. In the 1970s and 80s, CIA contractors and partners began showing up in the high-tech field, with database, local area networking, and on-line information retrieval systems attracting the most interest by Langley.

*

As this book went to press, the smart phone game application Pokémon Go fad was sweeping the planet. Unbeknownst to many of the on-line game’s avid fan’s was the connection of the game’s developers to the CIA’s venture capital firm IN-Q-TEL. All users saw their geo-location and other smart phone data being swept up by a CIA partner firm.

SELECTED ENTRIES

Amazon, Inc. [CIA contractor]. Company provides cloud computing services for the CIA. Amazon’s CEO Jeff Bezos also owns The Washington Post.

American Historical Society. [CIA partner]. Many society officials were OSS/CIA officers.

American Press Institute. [CIA front]. Operating out of Columbia University, the institute’s director in the 1950s was a CIA officer.

AmeriCares. [CIA partner]. A non-profit organization that is often the “first in” at refugee situations. Founded by tycoon J. Peter Grace, a board chairman of the CIA front, the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD) and a trustee of another CIA front, the American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism, AmeriCares was involved in funding the Nicaraguan contras. The group has also provided the CIA with recruiting opportunities at mass refugee sites, particularly in Latin America and Asia.

Bechtel Corporation. [CIA contractor]. Bechtel is a large construction company that has included former CIA director Richard Helms, CIA pseudonym “Fletcher M. Knight,” among its executive ranks. Bechtel was active in providing corporate cover for the OSS in the Middle East during World War II. Bechtel has been a consummate service company for various CIA operations, including support for the CIA-inspired coup against the Syrian government in 1949, the Iranian government of Prime Minister Mohamed Mossadeq in 1953, and President Sukarno of Indonesia in 1965. From the 1960s to the 1970s, Bechtel provided cover for CIA agents in Libya under both the regime of King Idris and his successor, Muammar Qaddafi. Sometimes called a “secret arm” of the CIA, Bechtel’s executives included those who would join President Reagan’s Cabinet, including Secretary of State George Schultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.

Before World War II, Steve Bechtel formed a military-industrial complex partnership with John McCone. McCone later became the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and later, director of the CIA. The CIA has used Bechtel to provide cover for non-official cover CIA operatives abroad.

Blackstone Investment Group. [CIA front]. With offices in Washington, DC and Moscow, arranged for the purchase of KGB documents following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Among the documents sought by the front company were any related to illegal CIA activities during the Cold War, including the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restaurant. [CIA front]. Opened in 1967 in King’s Cross in Sydney, Australia. Served as a rendezvous point for CIA, Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO), and organized crime figures. Its proprietor was Bernie Houghton, a CIA operative with links to Nugan Hand Bank, CIA weapons smuggler Edwin Wilson, and CIA clandestine services officers Theodore Shackley, Rafael Quintero, and Thomas Clines.

Center for Democracy. [CIA front]. Administered under the aegis of Boston University, the center maintained offices in Boston, Washington, DC, Guatemala City, and Strasbourg, France. Involved in CIA operations in eastern Europe, Central America, and Africa.

Colt Patent Firearms Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Hartford, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.

Daddario & Burns. [CIA partner]. Headed by former OSS officer Emilio Daddario, a Democratic Representative from Connecticut, the Hartford-based law firm provided services to the CIA.

DC Comics. [CIA partner]. Worked with the International Military Information Group (IMIG), a joint CIA/Pentagon unit at the State Department, to disseminate propaganda comic books, featuring Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman, in Serbo-Croatian and Albanian, to youth in the Balkans during the military conflicts in that region.

Disney Corporation. [CIA partner]. CIA agents who were adept at creating front companies and shell corporations in Florida, worked closely with Disney in preparation for the construction of Disney World near Orlando, Florida. OSS veteran “Wild Bill” Donovan and CIA shell company expert Paul Helliwell helped create two fake Florida cities, Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, as well as a number of shell corporations, to keep secret the plans for Disney World. This kept land prices low because real estate speculators were unaware of the prospective value of the land in a desolate area of central Florida.

Emory School of Medicine. [CIA partner]. Located in Atlanta, Georgia. Involved in the CIA’s MK-ULTRA behavioral modification project.

Enron Corporation [CIA partner]. Houston-based firm that was used by the CIA to provide commercial cover for its agents around the world. There were at least 20 CIA employees on Enron’s payroll. Andre Le Gallo, a former official of the CIA’s Operations Directorate, went to work as a corporate intelligence officer for Enron.

Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). [CIA front]. Officially established by American Trotskyists, the group was penetrated by CIA operatives. The FPCC New Orleans office was a CIA front that provided cover for the anti-Fidel Castro activities of Lee Harvey Oswald, Clay Shaw, and David Ferrie, among others. The New Orleans FPCC office was located at 544 Camp Street and shared the same building entrance with Guy Banister Associates, Inc., a private detective agency, the address for which was 531 Lafayette Street and around the corner from 544 Camp Street.

In December 1963, after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the FPCC ceased all U.S. operations.

General Electric Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Fairfield, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.

General Foods Corporation. [CIA partner]. Advertising account at CIA’s Robert Mullen Company handled by an active CIA employee.

Google, Inc. [CIA partner]. Developed as a result of a research grant by the CIA and Pentagon to Stanford University’s Department of Computer Science. The CIA referred to the research as the “google project.”

Greenberg Traurig. [CIA partner]. Washington, DC “connected” law firm.

Guy Banister Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New Orleans private detective agency headed by former FBI agent Guy Banister. The detective agency coordinated the activities of various anti-Castro Cuban groups in New Orleans, including Banister’s own Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean, as well as the Cuban Revolutionary Council, the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front, Friends of Democratic Cuba, and the Crusade to Free Cuba Committee.

Banister and Associates shared office space with the CIA’s New Orleans front, the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, headed by Lee Harvey Oswald.

Hale and Dorr. [CIA partner]. Boston-based law firm that provided cover for CIA’s Independence and Brown Foundations.

Halliburton. [CIA contractor]. Based in Houston, it is the world’s largest oil service company. Recipient of a number of CIA sole-source contracts for services worldwide.

Harper and Row, Inc. [CIA partner]. Manuscripts submitted to the New York publisher that dealt with intelligence matters, particularly CIA operations, were turned over to the CIA for censoring edits before publication.

Hewlett Packard Corporation. [CIA partner]. Sold computers to Iraq for Saddam Hussein’s missile program with the knowledge and approval of the CIA.

Hill & Knowlton. [CIA partner]. Public relations firm that teamed with the CIA on a number of operations. Hill & Knowlton’s numerous offices abroad provided cover for CIA agents. One known Hill & Knowlton office that was a CIA front operation was in Kuala Lumpur.

Kerr-McGee. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating overseas.

Kissinger Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New York-based international consulting firm founded by former Secretary of State and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger. Former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft is a co-owner. The firm provided support to the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation and the Bilderberg Group. Much of the 1982 seed money for Kissinger Associates was provided by Goldman Sachs.

Knight Foundation. [CIA partner]. Also known as the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. Based in Miami, the foundation provides funding for various CIA-connected media operations in the United States and around the world.

Kroll Inc. [CIA partner]. Founded in 1972 by Jules Kroll, who had links to both U.S. and Israeli intelligence. Based in Manhattan. French domestic law enforcement believed Kroll’s Paris office was a CIA front. Kroll handled the security for the World Trade Center after the 1993 terrorist bombing and continued to be responsible for security up to, during, and after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. Kroll employed former FBI assistant director for counter-terrorism John O’Neill, who died in the collapse of the World Trade Center.

Lincoln Savings and Loan. [CIA partner]. Based in Irvine, California and headed by notorious swindler Charles Keating, Jr., involved in laundering funds for the Iran-contra scandal.

Lone Star Cement Corporation. [CIA partner]. Based in Stamford, Connecticut and linked to the Bush family, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad. Involved in the Iran-contra scandal.

Mary Carter Paint Company. [CIA front]. A money-laundering operation for the CIA. Involved in casinos in the Bahamas.

Monsanto. [CIA partner]. The firm contracted with former CIA official Cofer Black’s Total Intelligence Solutions (TIS), a subsidiary of the CIA-connected Blackwater USA, later Xe Services, to monitor animal rights groups, anti-genetically modified (GM) food activists, and other groups opposed to Monsanto’s agri-business operations worldwide.

National Enquirer. [CIA partner]. The tabloid’s founder, Generoso (Gene) Pope, Jr., worked for the CIA’s psychological warfare unit and the agency’s Italy branch in 1950. In 1952, Pope acquired The New York Enquirer broadsheet and transformed it into a tabloid, renaming it The National Enquirer. This transformation bore the imprimatur of the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program.

Newsweek. [CIA partner]. Magazine reporters and stringers fed information to the CIA. Newsweek’s stringers in southeastern Europe and the Far East were CIA agents. When Newsweek was bought by The Washington Post Company in 1961, cooperation between the magazine and the CIA increased. It was a participant in the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program. Much of the staff of Newsweek was absorbed into a new online publication, The Daily Beast, which continues to disseminate CIA-influenced articles. See Washington Post.

Nieman Foundation. [CIA partner]. Located at Harvard University, the foundation awarded Nieman Fellowships, some on behalf of the CIA, for foreign journalists to study at Harvard. The journalists were subjected to CIA recruitment efforts prior to their returning to their home countries.

Pamela Martin & Associates. [CIA partner], Escort firm run by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the so-called “DC Madam.” During her 2008 trial for mail fraud, Palfrey attempted to invoke the Classified Information Procedures Act in order to discuss her relationship with the CIA. The U.S. Court refused Palfrey’s request and she was convicted and later said to have committed suicide before her sentencing hearing in Washington, DC. One of her clients was Randall Tobias, the head of the CIA-connected USAID. Another was Louisiana Republican senator David Vitter.

Paris Review. [CIA front]. Literary magazine edited by George Plimpton. Published works by Jack Kerouac and Samuel Beckett. The magazine’s co-founder, Peter Matthiessen, relied on his affiliation with the magazine as his CIA cover.

Quaker Oats Company. [CIA partner]. Worked with the CIA and Atomic Energy Commission to place trace amounts of radiation in breakfast cereal served to boys at the Fernald School for the mentally retarded in Waltham, Massachusetts.

Radio Corporation of America. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Iran, Philippines, Japan, and West Germany. Provided technical assistance to CIA-financed clandestine and propaganda radio stations worldwide, including Radio Free Europe. RCA founder David Sarnoff was a major supporter of CIA operations, including propaganda dissemination around the world. RCA chairman and chief executive officer Thornton F. Bradshaw was active in the operations of the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation.

Reily Coffee Company. [CIA partner]. Also known as William B. Reily Coffee Company and based in New Orleans, this company employed Lee Harvey Oswald and a number of other U.S. government employees, many of whom were suspected CIA officers.

Robert M. Mullen Company. [CIA proprietary]. A Washington, DC public relations firm, it was used as a front for CIA activities. E. Howard Hunt, the CIA agent, worked for Robert Mullen when he was arrested in the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington in 1972. The Senate Watergate Committee reported that “the Mullen and Company has maintained a relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency since its incorporation in 1959. It provided covers for agents in Europe (Stockholm), Latin America (Mexico City), and the Far East (Singapore) at the time of the Watergate break-in.”

Rockefeller Foundation. [CIA partner]. Used by the CIA to direct scholarships and grants to the Third World and Eastern Europe. Rockefeller Foundation money was funneled to the American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE), created in 1948. The chairman of ACUE was OSS chief William J. Donovan and the vice chairman was Allen Dulles. One of ACUE’s board members was Walter Bedell Smith, the first CIA director.

Summa Corporation. [CIA partner]. Owned by Howard Hughes, Summa is believed to have skimmed gambling profits from the Sands, Desert Inn, Frontier, Silver Slipper, Castaways, and Landmark casinos in Las Vegas and Harold’s Club in Reno for the CIA and the Mafia. Provided financial cover for the CIA’s Glomar Explorer project.

Teneo Intelligence. [CIA partner]. Branch of Teneo Holdings, which is headquartered in New York. Teneo Holdings’s intelligence branch includes former CIA officials. Teneo is closely linked to former President Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton. Teneo Intelligence has offices in New York, London, Rome, Brussels, Dubai, Bogota, New Delhi, and Tokyo.

Texas Commerce Bank (TCB). [CIA partner]. Houston-based bank founded by the family of James Baker III. Texas Commerce Bank was used to provide commercial cover for CIA agents. After serving as vice president for Texas Commerce Bank in Caracas from 1977 to 1979, Jeb Bush joined his father’s presidential campaign in 1980. Serving with Bush on the campaign was Robert Gambino, the CIA deputy director of security who gave Bush his orientation brief at Langley in 1977.

Kenneth Lay, the chairman of Enron, which had its own links to the CIA, served on the board of Texas Commerce Bank. Texas Commerce Bank was acquired by Chemical Bank in 1987.

The bank provided major loans to Howard Hughes’s Summa Corporation. See Summa Corporation.

United Fruit Company [CIA partner]. Involved in 1954 CIA overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz government in Guatemala. Published the Latin America Report, a publication that was a CIA front used for clandestine activities. The CIA transferred weapons to United Fruit employees in Guatemala who were involved in undermining the Arbenz government. The joint CIA-United Fruit plan was code named OPERATION FORTUNE. Company provided an airfield in Guatemala for the CIA’s training of Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.

U.S. Rubber Company. [CIA partner]. Headquartered in Naugatuck, Connecticut and later called Uniroyal, provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad. Included those operating under the cover of the Dominion Rubber Company of Canada, a subsidiary of U.S. Rubber Company.

U.S. Youth Council (USYC). [CIA front]. Founded in 1945 and based in New York. Some 90 percent of its funds came from the CIA. USYC received funding from the Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs (FYSA), a CIA front. The USYC was composed of American Youth Hostels, Camp Fire Girls, 4-H, American Unitarian Youth, National Catholic Welfare Conference, National Students Assembly, YMCA and YWCA.

Wackenhut. [CIA contractor]. Wackenhut, a Palm Beach Gardens, Florida-based security firm, stood accused of providing the CIA with specialized services around the world, including Chile, Greece, and El Salvador. Its Venezuelan branch, Wackenhut Venezolana, C.A., was accused in 2002 of involvement in the CIA’s coup against President Hugo Chavez. William Casey served as Wackenhut’s outside counsel before becoming CIA director in 1981.

Wackenhut eventually merged into the global security firm G4S.

Washington Post. [CIA partner]. The Washington Post was part of the CIA’s Operation MOCKINGBIRD, the agency’s media influence project. Post publisher Phil Graham was a close friend and associate of MOCKINGBIRD chief Frank Wisner, Sr. and CIA director Allen Dulles. Wisner assisted Graham in acquiring The Washington Times-Herald and WTOP radio, creating a sizable CIA-influenced media operation in the nation’s capital.

W. R. Grace. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Latin America. Provided donations to CIA front foundations.

  • News story about Madsen's book via The Justice Integrity Project



  •           Healing Plants         
    Garrigue - Teucrium creticus

    Although I never intentionally created my perfume with aromatherapy mindset, I found them to be very healing throughout the years. Partially because of the creative process itself - the bringing together of contrasting and conflicting elements that represent such aspects within my psyche. And partially because I actually felt the plants' healing energy through wearing the perfumes:
    Grounding, soothing, reviving, reminiscent of the places and people I missed and longed for, helped me get through many rough patches and heartbreaks that permeated the majority of my years on this earth.

    While moving my vast collection of fragrant materials, I realized that at my fingertips I have an entire pharmacopeia. This is also true for some of my fragrances. A few weeks ago I started the day with intense sense of grief and feeling very heavy hearted and anxious. I had to fill orders that morning, and make samples of Ayalitta. I dabbed some on and no less than fifteen minutes later I noticed that I am feeling more grounded and that the anxious hole opening at the pit of my stomach started to close... It could be partially explained by power of association and past experiences wearing this scent while being in a similar state of mind and finding it soothing. Also, I think another big part has to do with the actual plants in it and their healing powers, namely sage (both Spanish and Clary), rose, jasmine, neroli and patchouli.

    Part of my moving back to my home village was for reconnecting with nature and Mother Earth in a more immediate, hands-on manner. I wanted to not only smell the spirit of the plants that I love and cherish, but also experience them int heir living state. I wanted to see how they grow and turn the brown soil and sunlight they absorb into myriads of different colours, shapes, flavours, scents and therapeutic properties.

    Behind my home is a mountain, and on it grow wild many fragrant and medicinal plants. It's awe-inspiring how many remedies are gifted to us by Mother Nature. If we only listen and learn her secrets, we have the potential to heal gently and find cure for many of our physical and emotional pains and misalignments. Plants are such benevolent creatures, I am now beginning to understand on a more immediate level why so many tales and myths about plants associate them with a spiritual being, such as an angel, nymph or even a god or a goddess.

    The properties and aromas of the plants here fascinate me. They feel familiar (and in fact I know many of them since forever) - yet I keep meeting new plants that are either highly fragrant or medical; and those that I do know keep surprising me with new uses and therapeutic potential that I never knew existed.

    For example: I came across a very ambery-spicy-herbaceous-smelling herb that has quite resinous leaves., growing in rather rocky areas up on the mountains here. I could not ID it because it never had flowers when I saw it. I tried brewing it into teas (even though you probably shouldn't consume something you haven't even identified yet!), tincturing it, and also drying the leaves, which I want to incorporate into incense. Just yesterday I saw someone post about it and was able to immediately recognize it - Chiliadenus iphionoides (כתילה חריפה)Turns out it has not only a delicious aroma but also many uses for diseases in respiratory system, as well as the heart, digestive system, skin conditions, wounds, fever, overall weakness and joint inflammation.

    Teucrium (Germander) is another new discovery for me - for both its fragrance and myriads of medicinal uses. And also I am going to dedicate an entire post to the various thymes and oreganos that grow here, which aside from their well known culinary significance in regional and international cuisine - are also extremely valuable medicinally; and I'm also warming up to their fragrance per se (a rare occurrence in perfumery, really). Vitex agnus-castus (שיח-אברהם מצוי) always eluded me with its fragrance, and now I'm also discovering its healing properties, especially for women's health.  And last but not least - I discovered that clary sage is actually a wild plant here as well, and was gifted two tiny plants from Neta Fink who visited my studio last week. I am feeling very inspired to study these plants - both old friends and new ones - explore properties and work them into new applicable products that would be both fragrant and healing.
              My Little Herb Garden         
    Treasures from the mountain

    The last two weeks I've delved right into exploring the medicinal wild plants that grow around here. For a short time I had a herbalist to show and share with me some of this wealth of plant wisdom. Now that this guide is gone, I'm lead only by the pleasantly infectious inspiration. There is an overwhelming abundance that is going to provide me with a lifetime of learning (according to Floral Palestina, this land is blessed with close to 2,700 species of wild plants!). I've been hiking in the surrounding areas and conservatively collecting branches for slips and re-planting in my little herbal garden. This of course will is part of the Perfumer's Botanical Garden I'm establishing around the studio.

    I'm showing you the early beginning, although they look quite unimpressive on camera. In person they have the charm of new beginnings as well as virgin strip of land and stony terrain and distant view of the Mediterranean; I am also delighted by the gentle healing energy that emanates from the plants for those who connect to these types of being. And for those who find it more difficult to connect to plants that way - the scents that each provide speak for themselves. Even a little stroke on each plant will give off the scent and you can mix and match to create your own "finger perfume".

    Morning in the medicinal herb garden

    From the wild, I've adopted some amazing plants - both old and new to me, that grow on the mountain behind my house. So all in all, my botanical collection is rapidly growing - even beyond the original wishlist I've created. And I'm rather happy with it.

    From my slip foraging, I managed to keep alive a couple of types of germanders - Cretan germander (Teucrium creticum), which looks a lot like rosemary but smells completely different - more like olive leaf, actually, and likewise has an intensely bitter taste; and cat-thyme germander (Teucrium capitatum), which has a sweet, almost resinous fragrant silvery foliage. The latter is highly medicinal and rivals only the local wild sage (Salvia fruticosa), more of the Savory of Crete (Satureja thymbra) and a similar plant, with an almost identical flavour and fragrance that has flowers with a structure similar to Lavandula dentata, which is called Spiked Savoury (Thymbra spicata). It would be difficult to find information online in English on many of these plants because they are unique to Israel.  I've also adopted some cistus plants, although they are not the Cistus ladaniferus I am seeking but two other local species that are not as resinous, yet somewhat fragrant depending on the season. And I am crossing my fingers that two seedlings of bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) that my herbalist guide carefully uprooted from the wadi (dry creek) floor, will also survive and make it to the miniature forest I want to create behind the perfume studio. And most immortally - I am hoping that the two little twigs of Israeli Thyme (Coridothymus capitatus) that we found on the rocky North beach will grow up some roots and flourish. They are quite rare site here inland, and in fact a protected species. They have a striking look when they get mature and an intense yet slightly floral aroma that I love. It truly deserves a post of its own, with photos and all. Along with Origanum syriacum (also grown in my garden), the other varieties of thyme and savoury I mentioned before, some sumac and sesame seeds it forms the spice mixture called "Za'atar" that some of you may be familiar with from Lebanese grocery stores and Middle Eastern restaurants.

    Thymbra spicata צתרנית משובלת

    Naturally growing wild in my garden is also white horehound (Marrubium vulgare), a highly medicinal plant that grows in astounding abundance, several mastic bushes and probably more plants that I did not know were medicinal but will find out later. There are also still two plants that I found on the mountain to make slips that I haven't identified yet, so the search is not over. Lastly, I scattered seeds of blood helicrysum, a local wild plant (Helichrysum sanguinum) which I also hope will come out next winter. By that time I hope I will forget about it altogether so it will just be a pleasant surprise...

    Dam HaMakabim (Helicrysum sanguinum) coming into seed

    Lastly, to be fair and square, I promised to tell you which plants I put in from the nursery (the ones my brother brought me), so that you know if you guessed it right. They were several types of lavender (mountain Savory of Crete (Satureja thymbra), several types of lavender (Lavandula pinnate, L. dentate, L. angustifolia), one artemisia and - to my utmost excitement - two immortelles (Helicrysum italicum), often called "curry plant".

    Morning in the medicinal herb garden

    Also you should know, that among those who participated in this context, we got two worthy winners who will receive a sample kit of all my herbaceous fragrances,  are Ruby Clover and Melissa Menard. The kit includes ArbitRary for the basil, Ayalitta for the sage, Immortelle l'Amour for the immortelle of course, l'Herbe Rouge for the lemongrass, hay and lavender and Lovender - which is quite obvious. I've also included a sniff-peak of Inbar, my new, wild-oregano infused amber concoction which is not even for sale quite yet :-)

    Putting together the kits made me also realize how little attention I've been giving the herbaceous notes.




              Briefing - Cik Wanie nak jadi Puan!         
    Salam semuanyaaaa...


    Tak sempat betul nak spend time yang betul-betul untuk blogging. Sibuk kerja... balik rumah dah letih. Memang kelaut lah kan... lagipun start awal February haritu, semua tenant dah keluar. Al-maklumlah nak tawen tawen... hahahahah! Gedik ngko wanie! So, masa yang ada kat rumah tu, wanie guna untuk buat arrangement sikit. Bilik yang kecik tu, wanie jadikan bilik stor dan tempat baju untuk bakal shuben nanti.. container barang-barang yang wanie letak kat ruang tamu dulu semua wanie angkat masuk bilik stor. Nampaklah rumah tu luas sikit...


    Lepas tu, process nak cuci sawang... vacuum... mop... wanie tak buat semua dalam 1 hari. Wanie buat selang seminggu.. hahaha.. time weekend / off day je baru nak buat. Biasalah, wanie sewakan bilik kat orang, tak semua yang jenis perati bilik tu ada sawang nak kena buang, habuk berkepuk-kepuk bawah katil nak kena sapu mop... dorang dah keluar, wanie lah nak kena settle kan. Bilik kedua tu, wanie jadi kan guest room / bilik iron baju / bilik solat.


    Next... nak wall mounting kan TV kat ruang tamu. Sekarang ni wanie letak TV atas meja Jepun je. Lepas bincang dengan teddy, better wall mounting sebab nak beli meja PC... sekarang ni, PC duk dalam bilik wanie. Kalau keluarkan PC tu, luas lah sikit bilik kan.. boleh la connect ke HDMI dari PC ke TV nak layan citer Korea kan.. hahahaha.. kite TV biase biase je.. tak mampu nak pakai Smart TV lagi.. hahahahah


    Persiapakan menjelang majlis?


    Alhamdulillah, wanie kat sini tak kalut sangat. Yang lain-lain semua family yang uruskan. Yelah, nak balik kampung sebulan sekali pun susah. So, mama abah settlekan untuk katering, khemah, siap mengecat rumah lagi tau. Along pulak, handle bab nak berinai, kek kahwin dan hand bouquet. Adik pulak tolong masukkan kad dalam sampul untuk mama abah nak edar, tolong lekat TQ tag kat doorgift, kemas rumah. Anak buah lagi 2 ketul tu? Tolong juga... tolong memeriahkan keadaan lepas tu tolong buat bising. Hahahah~ Wanie pulak, dah settle bab busana kahwin, pelamin, meja makan semua dengan bridal.


    Tapi kan korang... janji Allah tu betul. Dia akan tolong hamba-Nya yang nak nak berkahwin ni... like seriously and in unexpected ways! First thing yang wanie dengan teddy and of course pasangan-pasangan yang nak berkahwin lain most concern is about money kan. Bukan sikit tau duit nak habis - tapi apa jadi sekalipun, wanie dengan teddy tekad tak kan pinjam loan. Sebab, wanie sekarang ni pun dah ada loan beli rumah. So, kitorang tak nak lah sembelih diri sendiri lepas kahwin nak tanggung hutang kahwin pulak kan? Murah rezeki lately... tak mewah, tapi serba cukup dan lepas untuk bayaran itu ini. Tak semena-mena, customer website teddy yang dah setahun berhutang tak bayar payment 3k, tetiba je contact balik dan jelaskan full payment. Itu teddy, macam wanie pulak, risau tak tau nak bagi doorgift apa dan tak tau nak budget berapa. Haritu, wanie dah beli surah matsurat 400 keping. Ingat nak tambah lagi, cuma masa pulak tak ada nak mencari kat kedai. Tuppp tupppp... mak sedara wanie kat Puncak Alam call suruh datang ambik doorgift dia nak sponsor kat wanie sampai 4 kotak besar! Kenduri pulak, mama abah yang sponsorkan. Along pulak, sponsor facial kat spa.


    Aduhai.... beban yang sepatutnya boleh migrain kepala wanie nak fikir, dah lepas. Sekarang ni, tinggal kek dan berinai aje. Wanie dah minta along settlekan, nanti wanie submit payment je. Hahahah~ senang kan ada PA ni.... kehkehkeh.. kesian jugak diorang. Mama nak cari DJ untuk majlis... along pulak nak tau kek macam mana wanie nak... tergaru la jugak kepala dorang, wanie cakap wanie taknak lagu pelik-pelik time majlis nanti... wanie nak instrumental, slow, contohnya mcm lagu My Valentine tu ke... gitu-gitu je... macam kek, wanie request kat along nak style classic elegant wedding cake. 2 tier je, wanie bagi contoh macam kek bawah ni tapi request color champagne.


    Ko jangan tanya la berapa harga, kek nampak simple and nice camni... harga dia tak nice woiii.. hahahaha! Tapi sebab kek ni untuk hari wedding, so proceed je lah. Untuk akad nikah, wanie suruh along replace dengan pulut kuning instead of cake. Bunga tangan pun wanie request bunga lily sebab theme akad nikah nanti putih hijau. Untuk hari kenduri next day tu, bridal wanie cakap dia bagi sekali hand bouquet, tapi tengok lah macam mana.. hujung minggu depan nak balik fitting baju, nak food testing sekali. Kalau tak berapa berkenan hand bouquet dari bridal, maybe wanie tempah asing,


    Apa pun... 19 days to go. Berdebar tu sikit lah... yang dok rasa sekarang ni, penat! Hahahaha~ tak sabar nak kawen bukan apa, dah tak nak fikir bab-bab ni. No wonder la orang yang banyak duit hire wedding planner - kau punya migrain 4 5 lapis tu, kau dah lepas kat wedding planner tu. Kalau wanie banyak duit pun, memang wanie hire wedding planner. Balik kawen je.. tak yah nak fikir apa. Dan percaturan wanie time tunang haritu, no barang-barang hantaran time kawen nanti memang tak silap. Barang hantaran time tunang haritu je - kalau nak bagi lagi time kawen, nak tanya satu je.... bila nak curi masa 1 whole day nak keluar pegi shopping? Teddy pun baru balik dari German haritu... memang tak sempat apa. Masing-masing sekarang ni, nak cukup rest, cukup tido, cukup makan... takut jatuh sakit tiba-tiba.


    15hb March ni wanie dah start cuti - balik tu memang ready la nak all out semua energy stamina lemak-lemak tepu bagai.. hahahahha
              2016-02-24 18:30:00 - 2016-02-24 22:00:00 / City Talk - CARE Vision        
    Liebe Mitglieder der AG City, wir laden Sie und Ihre Begleitung sehr herzlich zum City Talk bei CARE Vision ein: Wann:         Mittwoch, 24.02.2016, Einlass: 18.30 Uhr Begrüßung: 19.00 Uhr                    Ende der Veranstaltung: 22.00 Uhr  Wo:            CARE Vision Germany GmbH Augenlaserkorrekturen                    ...

              ALEATORIEDAD, POLÍTICA Y VOTOS...        
    Hace unos días hablábamos mi hermano y yo de la aburridora política. Este año no me gusta porque hay elecciones. Todo el mundo se apasiona por unos seres que ni conoce y por lo que vota y como mínimo su participación, si quedan puede ser irrelevante para cada uno. Pero bueno, yo jugaré también a la hinchada en este escrito. Los candidatos por los que he votado solamente ganó una amiga a la Junta Administradora Local del Barrio: esa es la democracia. Votamos para que gente que no elegimos decida sobre nuestras vidas.

    MIS VOTOS
    En estas elecciones votaré por el número 19 de la Lista del Partido Liberal, por Marcela Posada. Dos razones claves me mueven a votar por ella. La primera es que su propuesta se centra en apoyo a la maternidad, la segunda es que medio la conozco. Marcela Posada es actriz (¿yo votando por una actriz?) y era "la jirafona" en Betty la Fea, no me vi Betty la fea. Sus propuestas van en la línea de protección a la maternidad y primera infancia, además defiende la vida de los bebés.  A Marcela la tengo en Facebook. ¿La conozco? Sin embargo, muchas cosas me preocupan de votar por Marcela. No es ella, me da confianza así apenas la conozca (primera irracionalidad política), lo que más confianza me da es que no intentó convencerme de votar por ella. Adicionalmente es transparente expresa sus ideas sin esperar el voto, muestra todo hasta las propuestas indecentes que le hacen y muestra su lealtad. Pero es más lo que no conozco de Marcela que lo que conozco.

    En primer lugar me preocupa la forma en que plantea sus buenas propuestas son quitando el dinero de otros para fines que a mí me interesan. Puede beneficiar a los bebés, mamás, etc, pero sus propuestas son entre coactivas e impositivas o sea no en lo que yo entiendo por liberales, no se trata de obligar se trata de promover. Sería perfecta si sus propuestas fueran vía incentivos, descuentos, entre otras y como asumo que ella lo leerá sepa que yo me ofrezco a redactarle la ley vía incentivos tributarios y laborales (sin coacciones) para promover el apoyo a la protección a la maternidad, la vida del no-nacido y la primera infancia. 

    Publicidad Política Gratuita.

    EL PROBLEMA DE LOS VOTOS A "CUERPOS COLEGIADOS"
    El segundo problema más grave es quiénes conforman la lista del partido liberal. Entre esos están Horacio Serpa, Vivian Morales y otra serie de personajes de quienes desconfío. Desconfío del mismo partido liberal, de todos los partidos desconfío. El problema radica en que gracias a una reforma que propuso e impulsó Germán Vargas Lleras uno ya no vota por una persona avalada por el Partido Liberal, uno vota por alguien que quede en una bancada. Eso funciona de la siguiente manera:

    1. Se cuentan los votos válidos
    2. Se divide el número de curules al Senado (en este caso 100) por el número de votos totales y eso da el umbral. Los partidos o movimientos que no pasen el umbral no obtienen curules.
    3. Los partidos que pasen el umbral serán aquellos en los que se distribuyan las curules ¿Cómo? El sistema que es una función bastante rara que se llama cifra repartidora. La cifra repartidora consiste en tomar los votos de los partidos que superan el umbral y dividirlo entre 1, 2, 3, hasta n que es el número de curules. Eso da una matriz de números de los cuales los primeros 100 números son las curules a asignar. Es así que supongamos tenemos dos partidos que pasaron el umbral y 5 curules a asignar a continuación la tabla:

    PARTIDO 1:
    100 votos

    PARTIDO 2:
    50 votos

    Con cifra repartidora dividimos hasta 5

    PARTIDO 1: 100, 50, 33.33333, 25, 20
    PARTIDO 2: 50, 25, 16.66666, 12.5, 10

    Y ordenamos los primeros 100 números

    PARTIDO 1: 100, 50
    PARTIDO 2: 50
    PARTIDO 1: 33.333, 25

    La cifra repartidora es 25 y con base en este método el PARTIDO 1 tiene 4 curules y el PARTIDO 2: tiene 1 curul. No sé cómo se asignan en caso de empate, pero supongamos que se asigna la curul empatada al que tiene más votos. Aquí en primer lugar la desigualdad es clara la relación de votos entre partidos es de 1/2 la relación de curules de 1/5.

    Luego de tener la cifra repartidora se mira si la lista es cerrada o abierta, si es cerrada se asigna al primero de la lista y así sucesivamente. Si es abierta se mira el número de votos y se organizan de mayor a menor. Así que no voto por la lista de Marcela Posada, voto por la lista del Partido Liberal y espero a que los votos que corresponden a los de las maquinarias den para un espacio para Marcela.Vale la pena correr el riesgo, pues por un lado está el tema de que los candidatos del Partido Liberal con maquinarias pueden ganar solos, pero darle el voto a Marcela puede dar un espacio para votos de opinión dentro del Partido. Pero las probabilidades no son mejores que las de candidatos con maquinarias, aunque es actriz y en Colombia la gente cree y quiere a sus actores (sin perjuicio de que yo no los conozca ni los vea). Es allí donde viene otra vez la conversación con mi hermano.

    ALEATORIEDAD O DEMOCRACIA...
    Sin embargo, la conversación entre mi hermano y yo versaba "¿Sería mejor una elección aleatoria que las elecciones vía voto?" Es claro que entre un político honesto y uno deshonesto, las posibilidades están a favor del deshonesto. Tal vez los que tengan "voto inteligente" (¿es eso posible?) no voten por el deshonesto, pero el deshonesto superando los topes de publicidad en campaña, mediante maquinarias, sancochos, promesas de burocracia, entre otras que van de $1.000.000 para arriba (menos de lo que pagarán en impuestos por 4 años) ofrecen mayores incentivos a las personas para que voten por ellos. A mi que me compren con que nadie tendrá que pagar impuestos en 4 años, ja, apuesto a que no hay político que haga esa oferta, bueno me equivoco, un "buen político" haría esa oferta pero no la cumpliría. En todo caso es claro que las probabilidades favorecen a los deshonestos. El iluso que crea en la democracia dirá: eso no es así. O defenderá su partido pero es claro. Supongamos que la distribución de deshonestos es igual en todos los partidos. Alguna amiga me dirá que en su partido todos son honestos, yo creo que hay de todo en todos.

    Si hacemos una distribución aleatoria es muy probable que todos los partidos superen el umbral con más o menos la misma cantidad de votos. Lo mismo los votos al interior de los partidos, teniendo una probabilidad más o menos equilibrada entre honestos y deshonestos. La cuestión funciona teóricamente y si uno hace simulaciones, que se pueden programar en R Statistics y ver que efectivamente el azar elegiría mejor que lo que lo hace la democracia, porque corruptos y honestos tendrían las mismas probabilidades. Claro asumiendo que los corruptos no hagan un programa que desbalancee las probabilidades. Mejor dicho a la democracia le iría mejor en un casino que en las urnas...

    APOSTANDO
    Ya queda claro que apostaré por el L 19 al Senado, además me gusta ese número, pero es una apuesta riesgosa como lo es la política. ¿Por quién apostar en los otros? Bien para Cámara no conozco a nadie, y no creo en los conocidos de los conocidos de los conocidos, se supone que deberían ser más cercanos, pero no lo son. Pensaba dar ingenuamente el voto por el Partido Conservador pero, ¿dar un voto por una lista de un partido que se dice pro-vida? ¿Les creo? Solamente he votado por ellos por eso ¡qué pendejo! En la consulta del Partido Verde votaré por Ingrid Betancourt, con sus defectos pasados y su impopularidad presente, me ha parecido una mujer auténtica, eso no significa si gana tenga que votar por ella, pues tendría que tantear cómo está en el tema pro-vida. Finalmente, tampoco conozco a nadie para el parlamento Andino, así que tristemente esos dos cuerpos colegiados se van con mi voto en blanco, le apuesto al 0. Esa apuesta también tiene sus riesgos, como que gente buena no alcance el umbral, pero eso no es una carga mía sino del candidato.

    Finalmente queda la Presidencia, también creo que le apostaré al blanco. No me gusta la bala, no me gusta la Habana y esos dos son los menos malos a mi juicio, bueno Clara López no me da la sensación que lo haya hecho mal como alcaldesa encargada de Bogotá, pero su partido promueve el aborto, están en contra de la libertad de empresa bueno del TLC que no necesariamente ha significado libertad de empresa.

    El problema del voto en blanco es que si gana mandarían a otros de los mismos partidos y como dice la canción de Arjona: "para qué cuentan los votos si se repite la ecuación". Se supone que el país no puede quedar en "situación de interinidad" que eso es "malísimo" para la democracia, a mí me parecería genial no tener presidentes, ni  congresistas, no creo en el estado, no creo en la constitución pero no puedo librarme de ella, bueno al menos no en el corto plazo. Yo soy partidario de la anarquía que permite la libertad y solamente cuando hay libertad se puede ver la solidaridad. No hay solidaridad forzada. Yo preferiría ver a Marcela Posada parada con su liderazgo y autenticidad apoyando ella directamente a las mamás, pero no hacen daño las leyes que bajen los excesivos impuestos a cambio de promover el amor a los bebés y las mamás...


              2015-02-02 17:00:00 / Eröffnung Bahnbrückenbeleuchtung Kantstraße und Hardenbergstraße        
    Grußworte: Bezirksbürgermeister Reinhard Naumann, Regula Lüscher Senatsbaudirektorin, Ingolf Leuschel Konzernbevollmächtiger der Deutsche Bahn, Klaus-Jürgen Meier Vorstandsvorsitzender der AG City Mehr unter: www.perlen-aus-licht.de ...

              XV DOMENICA TEMPO ORDINARIO        
    Prima lettura: Isaia 55,10-11 Così dice il Signore: «Come la pioggia e la neve scendono dal cielo e non vi ritornano senza avere irrigato la terra, senza averla fecondata e fatta germogliare, perché dia il seme a chi semina e … leggi tutto...
              2014-08-01 10:00:00 - 2014-08-17 22:00:00 / Summer In The City - 2014        
    Feierliche Eröffnung mit dem Regierenden Bürgermeister von Berlin Klaus Wowereit, dem stellv. Bezirksbürgermeister Charl.-Wilmersdorf, Carsten Engelmann, dem Bezirksstadtrat Charl.-Wilmersdorf, Marc Schulte und dem Botschafter der Volksrepublik China, Shi Mingde, am 1. August 2014 Workshop mit den Partner-Boulevards Die Kultur Chinas ...

              2011-08-05 17:00:00 - 2011-08-14 22:00:00 / Summer In The City - 2011        
    Ein weiteres Highlight im Jubiläumsjahr des Kurfürstendamms war das neue Sommerfest der AG City in Zusammenarbeit mit der Bergmann Eventgastronomie. Am 5. August 2011, 17 Uhr wurde das Fest gemeinsam mit dem Regierenden Bürgermeister von Berlin Klaus Wowereit, dem stellvertretenden ...

              2010-09-14 / Gründung \'Vereinigung der weltweit bekannten Hauptstraßen\'        
    Die Bezirksbürgermeisterin von Dongcheng Peking und Direktorin des Organisationskomitees Frau Yang Yiwen lud zum ersten „Beijing Wangfujing International Brand Festival“ vom 11. bis 14. September 2010 nach Peking ein. Der Kurfürstendamm wurde durch den Vorstandsvorsitzenden der AG City, Herrn Klaus-Jürgen Meier, ...

              2005-08-15 / Berlin-Rundgang mit dem Regierenden Bürgermeister Klaus Wowereit        
    Am 15. August 2005 trafen sich Klaus Wowereit, Regierender Bürgermeister von Berlin, Ingeborg Junge-Reyer, Senatorin für Stadtentwicklung, Kurt Lehrke, Vorstandsvorsitzender der AG City, Willy Weiland, Präsident Hotel- und Gaststättenverband Berlin, Peter Vogl, GF Hotel- und Gaststättenverband, Michael Zehden, Hotel- und Gaststättenverband, ...

              2001-09-18 14:20:00 / Wangfujing-Prachtstraße in Peking        
    Boulevard-Partnerschaft mit Wangfujing und dem Kurfürstendamm Am 18. September 2001 um 14.30 Uhr wurde die Boulevard-Partnerschaft zwischen der größten Einkaufsstraße in Peking – der Wangfujing-Straße – und dem Kurfürstendamm/Tauentzien in Anwesenheit von Honoratioren aus Politik und Wirtschaft sowie dem Schirmherr, Bezirksbürgermeister ...

              Mirai Malware Hacker Who Steal and Sell Data on Darknet Pleads Guilty In A German Court        

      A 29-year-old Daniel K., a British hacker has pleaded guilty to launching dangerous attacks with the aim of selling the hacked data on the Darknet marketplace. He admitted to infecting routers and causing damages with a Mirai malware at a court in Cologne on last Friday. The router and the damage valued $1.25 and ...

    The post Mirai Malware Hacker Who Steal and Sell Data on Darknet Pleads Guilty In A German Court appeared first on Deep Dot Web.


              German Father Bought Drugs With Counterfeit Euro Notes        

    A father of a child from Troisdorf, Germany was sentenced to prison for ordering counterfeit euro notes from the dark web and putting the falsified bills into circulation. Court records reported that the man even purchased narcotics with the fake notes. According to the court documents, the suspect, a 23-year-old father of Troisdorf, North-Rhine Westphalia, ...

    The post German Father Bought Drugs With Counterfeit Euro Notes appeared first on Deep Dot Web.


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              German adventure        
    none
              Temporary Travel Document for stateless persons and persons of undetermined nationality: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
    Temporary Travel Document for stateless persons and persons of undetermined nationality: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) Military Government for Germany This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Temporary Travel Document #0007434 for stateless persons and persons of undetermined nationality of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska). The document issued in Munich, Germany and dated 1949.; Munich
              Hospitalization in Switzerland: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
    Hospitalization in Switzerland: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) International Refugee Organization This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Document about hospitalization of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) in Switzerland. The document issued in Munich, Germany and dated January 5, 1950.; Munich; Switzerland
              Church Marriage Certificate: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk        
    Church Marriage Certificate: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk St. Anthony Greek Catholic Church This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Church Marriage Certificate of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) and Konstantin Melnyk from St. Anthony Greek Catholic Church in Munich, Germany. The document dated July 3, 1945.; Munchen
              Index of courses (cover page) in Natural Sciences from U.N.R.R.A. University: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
    Index of courses (cover page) in Natural Sciences from U.N.R.R.A. University: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) U.N.R.R.A. University This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Index of courses (cover page) in Natural Sciences (Pharmacy) attended by Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska at U.N.R.R.A. Munich University, Germany in 1946.; Munich
              IRO Certificate of Registration: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
    IRO Certificate of Registration: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) Germany This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); IRO Certificate of Registration #4396 of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska). The document issued in Munich, Germany and dated June 11, 1948.; Munich
              Civil Marriage Certificate: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk        
    Civil Marriage Certificate: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk Germany This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Civil Marriage Certificate of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) and Konstantin Melnyk (required for immigration to US Naturalization and immigration). The document issued in Munich, Germany and dated August 7, 1950.; Munchen; Lemberg, Poland; Brzeg, Poland
              Photograph: 1948, Bavaria, Germany, Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk        
    Photograph: 1948, Bavaria, Germany, Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Photograph of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) with her husband Konstantin Melnyk, taken in Bavaria, Germany 1948.
              Photograph: 1947, Munich, Germany, Alexandra KlaudiaMelnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Arkadia Melnyk        
    Photograph: 1947, Munich, Germany, Alexandra KlaudiaMelnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Arkadia Melnyk This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Photograph of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) with her daughter Arkadia Melnyk taken in Munich, 1947.
              Photograph: Family portrait, 1949, Munich, Germany, Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk; Arkadia Melnyk; Anna Yezerska (nee Anna Bihun); Konstantin Yerezsky; Zenon Yerezsky        
    Photograph: Family portrait, 1949, Munich, Germany, Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska); Konstantin Melnyk; Arkadia Melnyk; Anna Yezerska (nee Anna Bihun); Konstantin Yerezsky; Zenon Yerezsky This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/)
              Photograph: 1944, Munich, Germany, Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) at 18.        
    Photograph: 1944, Munich, Germany, Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) at 18. This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/)
              Nickel Silver Rectangle 11mm x 15mm Lotus Flowers Textured Cutout Shape Charms for Metalworking Stamping Texturing Blanks - 6 pieces by SupplyDiva        

    5.50 USD

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    Measurement - 15mm x 11mm,
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              German Renaissance Revival        
    none
              Skill Editor - Not just on German, a...        
    Not just on German, a bug evaded me, Thank you for the report i will get it fixed as soon as i can!(Interface: RollCraft | Bug: Skill Editor)
              Coup de coeur Théâtre : Les mioches        
    Au Théâtre BO Saint-Martin Jusqu'au 31 mars Auteur : Anne Didier Artistes : En alternance : Aurélia BM, Nathalie Mathieu, Anne Didier, Géraldine Germanaud Enfin les langues se délient ! Enfin [...]
              The White Mountaineering x adidas Originals 2017 Fall/Winter Collection Contains a Bevy of Streetwear Staples        
    Japanese menswear label White Mountaineering have come together again with German sportswear giants adidas Originals on a new range...
              [Article] Passivhaus 101: Sustainable Architecture from the Inside Out        
    This article discusses the Passive House (PH) as an example for sustainable architecture. It defines what a PH house is as well as how it uses shading, ventilation, and solar power efficiently. Originating from the efforts of German physicist Wolfgang Feist, the word Passivhaus, or Passive House, is a term that defines a building’s energy use for heating. For the purposes of this discussion, a PH is one that uses not over 15 kWh/m2/yr. Let’s look at an example.
              [Article] Contributors        
    Wolfgang Frey “Passivhaus 101: Sustainable Architecture from the Inside Out” The founder of the PH movement worldwide believes that Passive Houses are anything but passive. “Their ability to actively produce, consume, and manage their own energy belies an intricate sustainable system that utilizes our natural resources with very little carbon footprint,” he says. At the Demography Congress 2015, Frey received awards from three German Federal Ministries.
              Great D Smoked Baltic Porter        
    Great Divide Smoked Baltic Porter

    GREAT DIVIDE SMOKED BALTIC PORTER 22oz Bottle:
    Smoked Baltic Porter is the sultry sister of a storied style.  Brewed with traditional German malts and hops, this dark lager gets its special twist from a hefty addition of Bamberg smoked malt.  This smoldering, med..

    Price: $9.99


              Alaskan Smoked Porter 22oz        
    Alaskan Smoked Porter

    Alaskan Smoked Porter

    2013

    Known as "rauchbier" in Germany, smoke-flavored beers were virtually unknown in the U.S. until Alaskan Smoked Porter was developed in 1988. The dark, robust body and pronounced smoky flavor of this limited edition beer make it an adven..

    Price: $9.99


              Viking hordes dined on frozen Norwegian cod shipped to Germany        
    DNA from ancient cod bones shows Vikings freeze-dried Arctic cod for serving up on European menus 300 years earlier than we thought
              Parasitic worm eggs may soon be legally sold as food in Germany        
    Thousands have been infecting themselves with parasites to treat conditions like depression and multiple sclerosis, but we don’t yet know if it works
              I tried ingesting rat tapeworm parasites and my poo turned green        
    With the news that a worm product is being considered for approval as a food ingredient in Germany, Andy Coghlan decided to try out a parasite product
              Hand Therapy Using Hand Bath        
    Special Recommend information on A H1N1 (swine flu)
    As it is known to all, currently we human being are all faced with a big enemy-A/H1N1 flu (swine flu) which has been threatening our life. Now the situation is worsening. As health and medical to AH1N1organ, we shoulder more responsibility to handle outbreak of this emergency.

    In TCM, A/H1N1 belongs to epidemic febrile disease of TCM which is the same as human avian influenza and SARS and similar to A/H1N1 flu syndrome differentiation and treatment of TCM prevention and cure. It is advocated “dispelling wind, reducing fever and dissipating dampness in clinical.

    TCM center will provide latest Special Report Globally on the A/H1N1 flu; and you still can find the Symptoms and Prevention about A/H1N1 flu ; further more, TCM prevention for swine flu provides latest global news; Chinese medicine prevention for A/H1N1 flu ; Chinese herbal medicine and so on.


    Hand bath is a steaming and washing therapy. The hot steam from an herbal decoction is used to heat the hands which are then soaked in the warm decoction after it gradually cools down. Diseases can be cured by the hot stimulation applied to the meridians and acupoints of the hand and by the gradual absorption of herbs through the skin.

    1. Origin and classification of steaming and washing therapy:

    Steaming and washing therapy originated in ancient times. Among 52 ancient herbal therapy recipes unearthed from the Han Dynasty Mawangdui Tomb, eight were used for steaming and washing therapy. This indicates that steaming and washing therapy has been used by Chinese people to treat diseases for at least 2,000 years. This therapy is also mentioned in classical medical books of the Han (206 B. C.-220) and Jin (265-420) dynasties. During the Tang Dynasty (618-907), this method was used to treat carbuncles, cellulitis, skin rashes, dermatitis, frostbite, hand and foot diseases, and gynecological and eye disorders. In the Kin (1115-1234) and Yuan (1271-1368) dynasties this method was classified as an essential medical therapy. In the Qing Dynasty ( 1644-1911 ), Wu Shangxian, a famous physician of traditional Chinese medicine, divided this therapy into smoking, steaming, shower, sitz bath, and hot ironing. It is a folk treatment used by common people to treat acute sprains, bone injuries, and contusions with a good therapeutic results.
    Steaming and washing therapy can be classified as general and local. Local treatment includes steaming and washing therapy for the hand, foot, and eye, and sitz baths. Hand bath is steaming and washing therapy for the hand.

    2. Function and characteristics of hand bath:

    As demonstrated by the experiments of modern medicine. steaming and washing therapy with hot and moist air can promote the absorption of herbs through the skin, dilate the skin's small blood vessels, promote the circulation of blood and lymph, enhance the phagocytic functions of the reticuloendothelial system, increase the permeability of cellular membranes, and promote metabolism by stimulating the sensitive sensory nerves scattered along the skin. The effective components of herbs used in steaming and washing therapy can directly kill the pathogenic germs on the skin. According to the theory of traditional medicine, the meridians of the hand are closely related to the organs and meridians of the entire body. Therefore, this therapy can clear stagnation in meridians, adjust bodily deficiency and excess, and promote circulation of qi and blood.
    The hand bath is simple, cheap, and easy to learn and practice, with numerous indications and good therapeutic effects, and without any harmful side effects. It is most useful for patients proscribed from taking drugs.

    3. Methods of manipulation:

    1) The proper recipe is selected according to the diseases and the basin, towel and sheets are prepared in use.
    2) The hot decoction of herbs is poured into the basin and the hands and arms are put over the basin. Cover the arms and basin with a sheet to reserve the hot air from quickly escaping away. Some boiled water may be added to the basin to maintain the temperature. After the decoction is cooled down to an adequate temperature, the hands may be soaked and washed in the decoction.
    3) After steaming and bathing, the hands should be dried with a towel and protected from attack of wind and coldness.
    4) The steaming and washing therapy may last for 20-30 minutes, twice a day.

    4. Precautions:

    I) The water used to boil the herbs should be adequate to prepare a decoction of the proper concentration. Aromatic and volatile herbs should be boiled for only 10-15 minutes; and roots, stems and herbs in large clumps should be boiled for 30
    minutes.
    2) The temperature of the decoction for bathing and soaking the hands should be monitored to avoid burning the skin.
    3) These decoctions are not for oral administration.

    More information from TCM and health: Hand Therapy Using Hand Bath
              Gespräch mit Bürgermeisterin Elisabeth Feichtinger, Marktgemeinde Altmünster – VOR ORT 21        
    Eine Bürgermeisterin mit 28 Jahren ist in der österreichischen Politik keine Selbstverständlichkeit sondern eine ziemliche Ausnahme. Die Sozialdemokratin Elisabeth Feichtinger ist seit 27. September 2015 in Altmünster die erste SP-Bürgermeisterin im Bezirk Gmunden seit der 2. Republik. Im Zuge des herannahenden Internationalen Frauentages, dem 8. März, hat Christian Aichmayr sie am Marktgemeindeamt Altmünster besucht und […]
              Half term and some more pattern!        

    I managed to get out for a walk on Sunday, but I just did road and street walking - 6 miles. It was bitterly cold and very damp.


    I was in a monochrome mood on Sunday - I'm sure it's the weather. Everything is charity shopped except the brogues which were bought from a Tesco outlet store about 2 years ago, and the black jeans from Lidl. I had to put a cardigan over the tunic for extra warmth. This short sleeved M&S cardigan has proved very useful. It reminds me that I saw a navy blue short, short sleeved cardigan on Saturday, in Cancer Research for £1.00 and I didn't buy it! What on earth was I thinking?


    All jewellery charity shopped, too.

    It was half term this week. I do enjoy the break from the school run. I still went into the Red Cross on Monday. I picked up a blue homemade waistcoat from the Ragbag and will probably wear that on Friday when I go to see my son. It was a really cold day but it was bright and sunny; my spirits were immediately lifted by the sunshine. Unfortunately, I still had the lurgy.


     This is the tunic I bought on Saturday - it's by Influence and it's made of knitted material, so it's warm. Jeans; Next, also charity  shopped  on Saturday. Boots: DDB.


    I added the trusty short sleeved cardi for added warmth.


    Earrings, Bedford market; turquoise ring, Sainsbury's; all other jewellery, charity shopped.

    I didn't go to the food bank on Tuesday; I didn't think it was fair to spread my germs to everyone. It was okay yesterday in the Red Cross as I was the only person at the back of the shop.

    I went for a 6.6 mile walk on Tuesday instead. I retraced the walk I led last Wednesday but in reverse. It turned out to be a lovely day and the wild life and birds were abundant. I disturbed a Muntjac deer drinking at a stream. I also disturbed a buzzard and 4 pheasants; all of whom flew off in a panic making very annoyed noises. I saw a sparrowhawk;  dunnocks, meadow pipits, blackbirds, chaffinches, blue tits, wood pigeons, a wren and several gulls, rooks and crows in a field - splashing about in the huge puddles left by all the rain we've had.


    Look what my Valentine bought me! I'm so lucky to have such a good man...


    On Wednesday I felt really rough and decided to chill out. I only went out to pick up the grandchildren both of whom were staying on Wednesday night.


    Everything is charity shopped. The skirt is from M and Co; boots from Tesco; jacket from Next. It's a bit like my Country Casuals mustard jacket - it goes with lots of things. I used to wear it a lot when I was teaching; I've had it about 7 or 8 years.


    This necklace was bought on Saturday in Age UK Northampton,  for £1.99. Earrings from Sainsbury's and bangles, watch and ring charity shopped.


    I went to see my son on Friday. Everything charity shopped except boots and earrings - both from Sainsbury's.


    The black maxi dress is by Item, which is a part of Tesco's; I think. I can't remember where I bought this dress. The long jacket is by Primarni and I bought it in the Barnardo's in Great Denham for £1.99. I love the colours. I have lightweight green trousers and a similar coloured green top that will look fab with this jacket when the weather gets warmer!.


    My necklace, rings and bangles are all charity shopped.

    I've been playing a lot of Monopoly with the grandsons this half term. They have both beaten me. The youngest grandson gets really excited with all the money  - even if if he has to give me rent and I give him change! We are playing the adult version so the idea of millions is quite intoxicating...

    It was my eldest brother's birthday on Monday; he's 13 months older than me but we only met him in 2013! I will write a post about how he found us - we didn't know of his existence until February 2013. So, my three brothers, my OH and I went out to celebrate Julian's birthday on Saturday.


    Only my jacket and jewellery is charity shopped. The jacket, which is a favourite of mine, was bought on the £1.00 rail in Wellingborough Age UK.


    The white top was bought in the La Redoute sale in 2015 and the trousers were bought this year in the sale. I nearly always buy something in the La Redoute sale. I also bought a coat  in the same sale this year - see below. The boots were DDB.




    We had a lovely Thai meal, caught up with each other's news and had lots of laughs - all in all a really good night. My birthday is next and I've proposed we go to London for the day. Julian lives in London and always travels to us for birthday celebrations so it would make a change for him and us.

    I'll keep you posted!

              Letter to the Editor, Aug. 10, 2017        

    Welcome the stranger

    EDITOR: In our younger days, my husband Wayne and I embarked on a trip. For this purpose we went to a postal bus auction; and, standing in the crowd, I gathered my courage, raised my hand and said rather timidly, “300.” (300 German marks, which was then roughly $200). Surprise, we got the yellow bus and Wayne fixed it up to become our new home.

    37671388

    read more


              Comment on Old-world German architecture and a modern-day film spur a Hill Country farmhouse’s warm style | Pound Ridge Homes by Robert Paul        
    bonterra building and design weppage
              Comment on Old-world German architecture and a modern-day film spur a Hill Country farmhouse’s warm style | Pound Ridge Homes by Candee        
    We would like to purchase plans on the Fredericksburg Cottage,but cannot find phone number or any information on them. Can you please email me contact persons name, email, phone number? Thank you
              Viviendo como un Hada 6: besos de diciembre, besos azules ...        
    "Mejor que las Navidades-le dijeron a su madre- es prepararse para ellas"

    Margaret Sydney "Los Cinco pimientitos y cómo crecen"

    Queridas mías,
     como cada mes, aunque en esta ocasión suba esta entrada un poco tarde, no puedo faltar a mi cita conmigo misma ... cuando me siento frente al ordenador a recoger  ideas para cada mes parece que el mundo se abre un poco más y se renuevan mis ganas de todo... y si las fiestas abruman un poco...y parece que está todo por hacer... quizá lo mejor sea dedicarnos primero una cosa y después a otra, de uno en uno y punto a punto los días se vuelven brillantes, y cada precioso minuto pasa ante nuestros ojos brillante y puro como los copos de nieve... qué haremos con tantos tantos minutos? He recogido muchas cositas sencillas porque este mes es un mes de jaleo para todas y seguro que si el tiempo se puediese regalar, sería el mas agradecido de los presentes...

    Pero antes de ello quería subir esta Tiara Cupcake ( a la que prefiero llamar Tiara Las hadas del Azúcar) que he hecho esta semana, ya casi no me queda tiempo para coser, y no puedo hacer demasiadas cositas, pero algo es algo no?

     Y ahora sí,

     Alegrías para Diciembre


    1- Adorna de veras tu casa. Propaga la alegría de estas fiestas por toda tu casa con adornos apropiados... plantas de hoja perenne, lucecitas y adornos naturales... no hace falta gastar mucho dinero, la idea es sencilla, cuando haces un esfuerzo especial por crear belleza en tu hogar, estás preparando un escenario, un ambiente de Navidad, hanuca, Solsticio de Invierno o como quiera que lo celebres.

    Puedes hacerlos con ramas...
     o bolitas de tela pintalas o cosidas como esta de Thea and Sami
    Las piñas son fáciles de conseguir, puedes pintar algunas de dorado...



    Puedes hacer guirnaldas de papel, sencillamente haciendo aros:



    o con palomitas y bayas rojas....

    con papel blanco puedes hacer copos de nieve que caeran delicadamente sobre tu cabeza... (tutorial aqui)





    2- que te parece leer poco a poco "canción de Navidad" de Dickens? quiza puedas hacerlo tipo serial si alguien comparte contigo estos maravillosos momentos de lectura!

    3 Organiza tu propio festival de películas clásicas, aquí van algunas propuestas, enrollate en tu manta preferida, y a disfrutar y a llorar a moco tendido!!:

    "De ilusión también se vive" ("Milagro en la calle 34”)



    “Cuento de Navidad” (basado en la novela de Charles Dickens)


    “¡Qué bello es vivir!”


    “Un ángel pasó por Brooklyn”


    4- haz que se cumplan los sueños navideños de un niño que no sea tu hijo.


    5- Comparte tus bendiciones con algun refugio para personas sin hogar, ¿ropa que ya no quieres? quizá algo de comida?


    6-Sigue tu estrella, una noche de diciembre sal y da un paseo bajo la luna, esa luna que ha alumbrado a tantas mujeres antes que a ti durante años, siglos y milenios... contempla las estrellas y elige una que será la tuya...
    Si quieres tenerla de manera oficial puedes comprar una en Global Star Registry



    7-dile adios a todas las cosas que quieres dejar atrás... ¿cómo hacerlo? escribe en un papel cada cosa que NO quieres tener este año que entra, metelos todos en una caja, envuelvela con un paño negro y después tírala al fuego diciendo A PASEO!!!! ahora ya puedes olvidarte de lo malo y comenzar bien limpia de alma!

    8- haz hombrecillos de jengibre, receta CLIC





    9 Prepara tu cuaderno de la Navidad, compra una libreta de espiral con motivos navideños, será tu libro de recuerdos para las navidades (estas y las próximas) empieza por escribir el año y una muestra (o fotocopia ) de las tarjetas que vayas a enviar y una lista de destinatarios... pega trozos de lazo, papel de regalo, cintas , etiquetas y el nombre de las personas que han recibido regalos tuyos... puedes crear composiciones con los restos de papel...
    Guarda invitaciones  de fiestas a las que te hayan invitado y hayas disfrutado ¿que llevabas puesto? como estaba decorada?
    Sin limitarse  a las fiestas a las que asistas puedes recordar momentos especiales que hayas vivido en estas fechas..
    Puedes colocar también fotos que recibas o de revistas... frases que oigas...quizá la letra de algun villancico...
    con los años seguroq ue recurrirás a él para hacer de tus navidades las mejores sobre la Tierra



    MUY FELIZ DICIEMBRE HADITAS, GRACIAS POR LEERME ^:^!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

              Svigermors Mareritt        

    I skrivende stund lider Blomsterstjernen av intense fantomsmerter i hjertet! Det kunstige åndedrettet skriker etter luft! Armer og lemmer faller fra hverandre... Man blir ikke bare hva man spiser! Men også det man leser...

    Jeg har nemlig nettopp lest meg til døde om hagens giftigste blomst (?): Acontium, eller Storhjelm om du vil. Men jeg lever da? Gjør jeg ikke?!? Er det forresten lov å blogge fra himmelen? (evt skjærsilden?) Gi meg gjerne en tilbakemelding på akkurat det i kommentarfeltet.

    Det hele startet med at svigermor skulle handle høyreiste stauder til sitt nye bed. Riddersporer, stokkroser eller høstfloks? Plutselig kjente hun at det pikket på skulderen. En rank og høy Storhjelm blunket forførende til henne, inntyllet i lilla herskapelig mystikk. "Hva med meg da?" Jo DEN ville hun virkelig ha! Den ville være perfekt helt bakerst i bedet!

    Damen fra staudegartneriet så forskrekket på henne og spurte om svigermor ikke hadde barnebarn hun var glad i? Joda, det hadde hun jo. Minst 7 stykk!

    "Da skal du absolutt IKKE ha denne i ditt nye bed!!!"

    "Kom og smak på mig..." - hvisket det fra buskaset...

    Gartneren fortalte oppglødd om at inntak av Storhjelm ville føre til en smertefull langdryg død for alle som kom den nær! Nesten garantert! Og som man vet, er jo barnebarn veldig flinke til å smake og plukke på det meste. Svigermor ombestemte seg derfor umiddelbart! Hun fikk plutselig langt mer lyst til å lage grønnsaks-bed istedenfor...

    Men et par dager senere skulle hun få sitt livs sjokk! På vei ned trappen til selveste Blomsterstjernefamilien lyste den i mot henne. En 2 meter høy og vulgær Storhjelm! "Døden på stilk"! Den hvisket hest til henne: "Kom og smak på blomstene mine... Det er ikke farlig med bare en liiiiiiiten smak...." Men svigermor kan sine barne-eventyr. Hun fnøs fornærmet og klasket til blomsten med paraplyen sin så det sang etter.

    Høye, voluminøse og egentlig ikke særlig pene når alt kommer til alt...

    Blomsterstjernen fikk pÃ¥ pukkelen, som seg hør og bør. At han kunne finne pÃ¥ Ã¥ ha en slik livsfarlig mannevond plante i sin egen hage?!? Helt uhørt. Denne stauden mÃ¥tte elimineres fra hagen, og det pronto! Spesielt med tanke pÃ¥ at svigermor har 3 barnebarn tilhørende i denne dødens trappeoppgang... 

    Noe motvillig måtte Blomsterstjernen til pers. Og det på røde rappen. Han hadde likevel et syltynt håp om at han ved å fjerne Svigermors Mareritt ville klare å gjenoppstå som Svigermors Drøm..?

    Den til nå så populære entré-blomsten hadde rett og slett ikke liv laga lenger. Overbevist av svigermors ord, røsket han blomsten usett opp med både hud og hår (og rot) og stappet den nedi bosspannet for å aldri se den igjen! (Helt uten å gråte)

    2 meter med henrettede potensielle massemordere! (Sjøstøvelen er kun med som målestokk)

    Det var først dagen derpå at Blomsterstjernen fikk dobbelsjekket plantes giftighet på Wikipedia... Og det var da fantomsmertene begynte å inntre. Hurtigt!!! Internetten er nemlig stappfull av grufulle historier om denne dødens baron! Det er visst ikke for uten grunn at blomsten også kalles for "The Queen of Poison", "Devil's helmet" eller "Woman's bane"!

    Bare hør her (sakset fra engelsk wikipedia, oversatt via Google Translate): "Ved inntak av selv minimale doser av denne drogen vil man merke symptomer nesten umiddelbart. Døden inntreffer vanligvis i løpet av mellom 2 til 6 timer ved dødelig forgiftning! De første tegnene er kvalme, oppkast og diaré. Etterfulgt av en følelse av brenning, prikking og nummenhet i munn, ansikt og mage. Ved alvorlige forgiftninger oppstår motorisk- og kutane-svekkelser i armer og ben. Og verre blir det ved inntredelse av hypotensjon, sinus bradykardi (?) og ventrikulære arytmier! Det hele avsluttes med lammelse av hjertet og luftveienes sentrum..."

    Takk for maten!

    Noen andre som begynner å føle symptomer der ute?

    Hostaene stråler av lykke etter at de ble kvitt den høye død-bringeren i blant seg

    Men Blomsterstjernen pustet likevel relativt lettet ut. For at han hadde vel tross alt klart å motstå fristelsen av å smake på disse lilla-blå dødsblomstene..? Men han mistet fort pusten igjen...

    Wikipedia fortsatte nemlig med dette: "Forgiftning kan også oppstå om man plukker bladene uten hansker, da Aconitine toksinet absorberes lett gjennom huden..."

    KVAKK!?!

    "Det starter med prikking i absorbsjonspunktet og strekker seg videre opp armen til skulderen, hvoretter hjertet begynner Ã¥ bli pÃ¥virket. Kriblingen vil deretter bli etterfulgt  av en ubehagelig nummenhet...."




    Hah ejn fjjiin hælgjsh...#¤/)9jmnj#¤"&/!








    P.S. 
    Kom plutselig på at jeg brukte hansker!!! Fantomsmertene er borte!!!

    P.P.S. Er planten virkelig så farlig som sitt rykte?

    P.P.P.S. Er det noen der ute som er sakkyndige nok til å fortelle meg hvilken type av "Hjelm" jeg her hadde? Tyrihjelm, Storhjelm, etc?








              A Sweeter Hops        

    Federal scientists have bred a new, antimicrobial-rich hops variety for tea

    Food for Thought

    Brewers prize hops for the characteristic bitter flavors they impart to ales, lagers, and other beers. But aficionados of another class of brews—certain herbal teas—would prefer their hops bitterfree. And federal scientists may have come up with just what the doctor ordered.

    "People have used hops medicinally for a long time. It's a fairly ancient remedy," notes plant physiologist Barbara M. Reed with the U.S. Department of Agriculture, in Corvallis, Ore.

    The bitter tonic made from hops has putative sedative, hypnotic, and antianxiety properties. Hops tea has been offered as a folk remedy for conditions ranging from fever and insomnia to bruises and cancer, according to a report by botanist James A. Duke, who has authored several books on medicinal plants. A quick browse on the Internet will turn up numerous sources of hop tea.

    The new cultivar, named Teamaker, may produce an especially palatable brew owing to a unique ratio of certain acid components. Moreover, the components that predominate in Teamaker have long-established antimicrobial properties. Indeed, their germ-fighting function appears to have won the appreciation of brewers more than a millennium ago, notes John A. Henning, who leads hop genetics and breeding at a USDA research center, also in Corvallis. Beer producers realized that when their recipe included hops, brews not only proved tasty, but had a longer shelf life.

    Hops breeder Alfred Haunold and his colleagues at the Corvallis center will formally register their debittered cultivar this month.

    What brewers of all stripes refer to as hops are actually the cone-shaped dried female flowers of the Humulus lupulus L. plant. Inside are glands that contain flavorful oils and some fairly bitter water-soluble components.

    To extract the flavorings for use in beer, or merely to make a cup of tea, brewers boil the cones to release their characteristic flavorings. However, the altered chemistry of USDA's new hop has dramatically boosted the production of flavorings possessing natural, antibiotic properties.

    In fact, the elevated antibiotic attributes of the new hop might open new markets for this crop, observes Henning. For instance, sugar producers might turn to it as a preservative to prevent microbial degradation of their product during processing. Alternatively, he notes, manufacturers and others may substitute it for the formaldehyde used to control pests and fungal growth in everything from animal feed and plywood to tissues that are being stored for use in research.

    Alpha vs. beta

    The key flavor compounds in hops trace to two families of chemicals: water-soluble alpha acids, and beta acids that develop in the plants' essential oils. Breweries prize the alpha acids for their hearty, if bitter, taste: These serve as a natural foil to the sweet compounds that develop in many beers. Indeed, some brewers just buy isolated hop-derived alpha acids and dispense with the beta acids entirely.

    The new Teamaker hop derives from experiments several decades ago when Haunold wanted to see the extent to which he could preferentially maximize a plant's production of alpha or beta acids. One successful beta-rich cultivar proved virtually devoid of alpha acids. A technician who tasted it jokingly said the bitterfree product would be great for tea—eventually giving rise to its name.

    In the January Journal of Plant Registrations, Henning, Haunold, and their coauthors describe Teamaker's pedigree—at least as much as is known. Most of its initial ancestors appear to have come from old English lines, such as cultivars known as Fuggle and Late Grape. However, Henning points out, because these lines are rich in alpha acids, there must have also been beta-rich ancestors. He now suspects that these were probably wild U.S. hops that pollinated their English cousins growing openly in Oregon fields, early in the last century.

    Currently, U.S. farmers produce some 55 million pounds of hops annually. Since the big market for hops has always been beer, the alpha acids-shy Teamaker languished in a few test plots for decades. A beer company or two checked the variety out, but ultimately exhibited no commercial interest.

    Recently, however, interest in beta acids—and their antimicrobial prowess—has been growing, independent of hops' use in beer. For instance, European sugar refiners have begun buying beta-acid extracts—essentially leftovers from alpha-acid production for breweries—as a bitterfree, all-natural preservative for use during manufacturing. At the same time, some feed suppliers have begun substituting beta acids for low-dose antibiotics as a livestock growth-promoting dietary additive. Feed producers couldn't use conventional hops directly, Henning notes, because the alpha acids' bitter taste would have soured the animals' interest in their chow.

    However, with Teamaker, the hop is essentially alpha acids-free: It certainly has the lowest quantity of alpha acids of any commercially available hop.

    Teamaker is available to breeders through the National Clonal Germplasm Repository—essentially a federal library with holdings that include more than 510 different hops. Some are wild natives collected throughout the United States. Others are cultivated varieties collected from throughout the world.

    But if the idea of bitterfree hops appeals, Henning says, stay tuned. In a year or two his group expects to announce a new and improved variety. Think of it, he says, as bitter-Terminator 2.


    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

    Citations

    John A. Henning

    Forage Seed and Cereal Research

    U.S. Department of Agriculture

    Agricultural Research Service

    3450 SW Campus Way

    Corvallis, OR 97331

    Barbara M. Reed

    National Clonal Germplasm Repository

    U.S. Department of Agriculture

    Agricultural Research Service

    33447 Peoria Road

    Corvallis, OR 97333-2521
    Further Reading

    Carter, P.R., et al. 1990. Hop cultivation and use information. In Alternative Field Crops Manual. University of Wisconsin Cooperative Extension Service. Available at [Go to].

    DeNoma, J.S. 2000. Background information on Hops. USDA ARS National Clonal Germplasm Repository. Available at [Go to].

    Duke, J.A. 1983. Humulus lupulus L. In Handbook of Energy Crops . Available at [Go to].

              Cleaning Up after Livestock        

    Food for Thought

    As any pet owner knows, the more food that goes into an animal's mouth, the more wastes that eventually spew out the other end. The bigger the animal, the bigger its appetite. So imagine the volumes of manure—often tainted with germs—that farmers must manage for even a small feedlot with perhaps 3,500 head of cattle.

    Ordinarily, beef producers house their animals in pens—some the size of football fields or larger. They're designed to leave each animal about 80 square feet of space. Cattle wastes just fall to the ground and collect—often for a month or more—before feedlot crews periodically scrape away the muck. After composting, the dried manure will be applied to fields as a rich fertilizer.

    The real problem develops when it rains. Then, a manure-rich, watery slurry can drain off the fields. Conventionally, feedlot managers would divert this liquid into huge, smelly ponds or lagoons—some 10-feet deep or more, explains Bryan L. Woodbury, an agricultural engineer with the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Meat Animal Research Center in Clay Nebraska.

    His team has been developing a literally greener alternative to pond storage for manure-laced runoff from feedlot pens. The new system directs that runoff into a foot-deep drainage basin. Leading out of it are a series of narrow pipes. Because the interior diameters of these pipes are small, rain-deposited wastes temporarily back-up in this glorified drainage ditch. It typically takes hours for all of the liquids to fully drain out through the pipes. While they wait, solids in the rain-manure slurry tend to settle out as sediments that will accumulate on the basin's bottom.

    Exiting liquids, meanwhile, flow gently into a mildly sloping field of grass, where the animal wastes will fertilize the plants' growth. At the end of the season, farmers harvest that grass as hay, bale it, and then feed it back to the herd.

    For much of the past decade, Woodbury's team has tinkered with the system's design to optimize gravity's removal of solids from the initial rain-manure slurry and the pace at which fertilizing water enters the hayfield. In terms of those features, the system appears ready for prime time—at least in the Midwest, Woodbury says.

    However, what hadn't been evaluated was the fate of germs that were shed by cattle along with those wastes. If the brief holding of the manure-water slurry and its subsequent release into fields promoted the growth of disease-causing microorganisms, those germs might eventually find their way into plants (see Not Just Hitchhikers). That would risk re-exposing animals that later dined on the tainted hay.

    A new investigation now indicates that although the raw manure often hosts germs, most of the nasty microbes hitchhiking in it appear to settle out along with sediments in the initial holding basin. Bugs that remain suspended in the water long enough to travel on to the fields don't appear to survive there long, Woodbury and his colleagues report in the Nov. 1 Journal of Environmental Quality.

    Indeed, the researchers note, while their new data "indicate that there is some risk for hay contamination, it appears to be low." For instance, on one day that hay was cut—two weeks after a major rainfall that shunted diluted manure into the field—only four of 10 tested soil samples hosted Escherichia coli O157.

    Yet only one of the 30 samples of loose hay that was cut that day from parts of the field that had received manure-fertilized rainwater tested positive for that E. coli strain. Microbiologists also failed to later detect that E. coli O157 in hay following its baling and storage.

    That's encouraging news because this bacterium has a long track record of causing disease. It was, for instance, responsible for the major food poisonings associated with tainted spinach in September 2006—an outbreak that sickened more than 200 people, killing five. These microbes can set up housekeeping in the bovine gut, causing no harm to the animal. However, germs shed in the cow's feces can infect people or crops that contact it.

    The Nebraska researchers also probed for evidence of Campylobacter, another bacterium shed by cattle that can provoke gut-wrenching illness. And although three of 10 field-soil samples tested positive after one major rain, none did 2 weeks later. The germ also failed to show up in loose or baled hay.

    Similarly, even though the test herd of 750 cattle had been periodically shedding large quantities of Cryptosporidium and Giardia—two common parasites responsible for substantial human disease, especially in persons with weakened immune systems—biologists found none of these microbes in field soil, much less the hay that had been grown on it.

    Woodbury and his colleagues conclude that their vegetative filtering of manure washed off of feedlots is effective in dramatically sequestering and ultimately removing several of the major families of microbes responsible for human, food-related illness.

    What they don't yet know is whether there will be significant rainfall constraints to their system's efficacy. Will arid regions benefit from it? Will very wet areas send so much fertilizer to hayfields that they burn the grass? "That's what we're in the process of testing right now," Woodbury says. "The jury's still out."

    Other advantages

    Earlier tests showed that the short-term basin storage of wastes upstream of the hayfield removes about half of the nitrogen in manure and almost all of the phosphorus, Woodbury says. That's important because one of the primary problems associated with fertilization of farm fields has been their release during rains of any unused nitrogen and fertilizer into streams.

    Eventually, the fertilizing effects of these nutrients in surface waters can fuel the growth of algae that ultimately suck most of the oxygen out of large patches of coastal waters, creating what are colloquially termed dead zones (see Limiting Dead Zones).

    The new waste-sanitizing system's basin also removes most of the solid material suspended in the rain-manure slurry. This means that about once a year, people must excavate the buildup from the basin. However, what they remove is no longer a waste, but yet another fertilizing amendment for farm fields.

    Oh, and Woodbury points to another potential advantage of his team's new system—something that he refers to as the "white picket fence effect." When people see a picket fence out front, they focus on that pleasant feature, and not every detrimental facet of a house or yard. Well, nobody views a big, smelly lagoon filled with bovine fecal material as the farm equivalent of a white picket fence, he says. A hayfield, on the other hand: That's almost Norman Rockwell Americana.


    If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.

    Citations

    Bryan L. Woodbury

    Roman L. Hruska U.S. Meat Animal Research Center

    Agricultural Research Service

    U.S. Department of Agriculture

    P.O. Box 166, Spur 18D

    Clay Center, NE 68933-0166
    Further Reading

    Milius, S. 2007. Not just hitchhikers. Science News 172(Oct. 20):250-252. Available at [Go to].

    Raloff, J. 2006. Protozoa aid food-poisoning germs. Science News Online (March 18). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Limiting dead zones. Science News 165(June 12):378-380. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2004. Marsh farming for profit and the common good. Science News Online (May 15). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2001. Retail meats host drug-resistant bacteria. Science News 160(Oct. 20):246. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2001. Germ-fighting germs. Science News Online (Aug. 18). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 2001. Antibiotic resistance is coming to dinner. Science News 159(May 26):325. Available to subscribers at [Go to].

    ______. 2000. Sickening food. Science News Online (Jan. 1). Available at [Go to].

    ______. 1999. Food poisoning: Sprouts linked to bouts. Science News 155(Jan. 23):63. Available at [Go to].

    ______. 1998. Hay! What a way to fight E. coli. Science News Online (Sept. 19). Available at [Go to].

    Seppa, N. 2000. Venison can contain E. coli bacteria. Science News (Aug. 5):95. Available to subscribers at [Go to].

              FUTEBOL NA GUERRA        

    Em tempo de Guerra o futebol teve vez até no front




    Pegando o gancho do post anterior sobre centenário, em 2014 também marca um século do início da I Guerra Mundial, conflito sangrento ocorrido principalmente na Europa e que deixou um saldo de milhões e milhões de mortos entre soldados, civis e até animais. 

    De um lado os "Aliados", compostos por França, Grã-Bretanha, Rússia, Bélgica, Sérvia, Itália (começou o embate como adversária, mas se aliou em 1915) e Estados Unidos; do outro, Alemanha, Áustria-Hungria, Império Otomano e Bulgária formavam as "Potências Centrais". O confronto bélico se iniciou em 1914 e só veio ter fim em 1918 com a derrota das Potências, a queda dos otomanos e a consequente assinatura do Tratado de Versailles por parte dos alemães em 1919.

    Contudo, mesmo em tempos de guerra o futebol continuava a ser praticado - não só nos países com seus campeonatos locais, mas também no campo de batalha. Foram vários relatos, documentos, registros fotográficos e livros tratando do assunto, quando soldados aproveitavam os breves momentos de descanso e/ou cessar fogo não-oficiais para se divertirem com a bola nos pés.

    O cartaz acima foi uma motivação para os jovens ingleses ingressarem no front, visto a declaração do jornal germânico "Frankfurter Zeitung" de que os britânicos "não eram de nada". Já a foto é de 25 de dezembro de 1915, num campo próximo à Salonika na Grécia, numa das chamadas "Tréguas de Natal", em que soldados de ambos os lados faziam um cessar fogo para celebrarem os festejos de fim de ano.

    O 17º Regimento de Middlesex ficou conhecido como o "Batalhão do Futebol" ou "The Extremers" ("Os Extemados") devido à maioria de seus componentes serem à época jogadores de futebol. Tal ideia partiu de William Joynson-Hicks, membro do Parlamento britânico. O objetivo principal era despertar o nacionalismo através do futebol. Dirigentes dos clubes e árbitros também se alistaram.

    O grupo teve como um de seus líderes o escocês Richard McFadden, atacante do Clapton Orient (hoje Leyton Orient) que entre 1911 e 1915 era o ídolo maior do clube e seu maior artilheiro. O jogador morreu durante os confrontos e hoje é reverenciado pelos torcedores do modesto time inglês ao lado de dois colegas de equipe também mortos na guerra, William Jonas e George Scott.

    Os jogos nos terrenos castigados pela guerra muitas vezes eram à base do improviso: bolas feitas de lata, entulhos diversos e arames; as traves muitas vezes eram apenas as botas dos soldados alinhadas e os combatentes corriam atrás da vitória mesmo com seus pesados uniformes. 


    Ingleses e alemães rivalizavam também nas peladas durante a guerra



    O ex-combatente Ernie Williams, em uma entrevista à rede BBC inglesa há alguns anos, recordou uma das partidas mais famosas da época. "Uma bola foi lançada do lado dos alemães e, em poucos instantes, vários soldados começaram a jogar. Havia umas 200 pessoas e todas pareciam estar se divertindo. Ninguém com más intenções entre nós e não havia juiz, nem placar". 

    Vários jogadores britânicos, que inclusive atuavam por suas seleções, estiveram no "Batalhão do Futebol" durante as batalhas de Deville Wood e Guillemont  - essas duas na Batalha do Somme - e na Batalha de Arras em 1917. Nomes como o do já citado escocês McFadden, do zagueiro Frank Buckley (Bardford City e Inglaterra), do meiocampista Lyndon Sandoe (Cardiff City e País de Gales) e todo o time do Hearts of Midlothian da Escócia engrossaram as fileiras nas trincheiras da I Guerra Mundial.


    Exeter City de 1914: sete dos jogadores que enfrentaram o Brasil foram à guerra



    Na postagem anterior  relembramos os 100 anos de história da Seleção Brasileira de futebol. E em sua primeira partida o adversário foi o inglês Exeter City, com vitória brasileira por 2 a 0 no campo da Rua Guanabara, atual Laranjeiras, no Rio de Janeiro. A I Guerra estava em seu começo no dia 21 de julho daquele ano, mas devido às dificuldades de comunicação da época os britânicos ainda não tinham conhecimento do conflito - só ficaram sabendo quando estavam retornando à Europa a bordo do navio Alcântara.

    Relatos de alguns dos jogadores deram conta de que com o navio portando uma bandeira inglesa em seu mastro houve o temor da embarcação ser atacada pelas forças inimigas. Porém, felizmente a viagem foi realizada sem transtornos e os únicos tiros ouvidos foram de navios franceses como advertência para o confronto durante a passagem pelo Canal da Mancha.

    Aidan Hamilton, autor do livro "Have you ever played Brazil? - The story of Exeter City's 1914 tour to South America" ("Você já jogou contra o Brasil? - A história da turnê de 1914 do Exeter City pela América do Sul", inédito no Brasil), relata que 7 dos 11 jogadores que entraram em campo no histórico jogo contra os brasileiros foram convocados para a guerra: o goleiro Reg Loram, o médio e capitão do time Jimmy Rigby, os zagueiros Jack Fort e Sammy Strettle, e os atacantes Charlie Pratt, Billy Lovett, Fred Goodwin e Fred Whittaker - estes dois últimos integrando o "Batalhão do Futebol". Ainda segundo Hamilton, Goodwin sofreu sérios ferimentos nos confrontos e jamais voltou a atuar. 

    Afora estes citados, quatro atletas dos quadros do clube inglês que não estiveram presentes na excursão ao continente americano, também se alistaram: William Kirby, Arthur Evans, Fred Hunt e Kadie White - todos mortos no conflito.


    Todo o time do Hearts, da Escócia, participou da I Guerra




    O alistamento militar na Grã-Bretanha não era obrigatório até 1916, por isso o governo teve que apelar para o nacionalismo aliado ao futebol, já que era a principal prática esportiva da ilha europeia naquele tempo. Atraídos por esse chamamento patriótico, todos os jogadores do escocês Hearts alistou-se em 1914 no "Batalhão do Futebol" para os combates contra os alemães e seus aliados.

    O galês Bertie Felstead, outro ex-combatente da I Guerra, registrou em um relato encontrado após sua sua morte em 2001 que "não era um jogo propriamente dito, eram todos contra todos em que chutávamos a bola sem objetivo. Poderia haver uns 50 de cada lado, eu acho. Eu joguei porque realmente gostava de futebol. Não sei quanto tempo durou. Provavelmente uma meia hora, e ninguém estava contando o placar". 

    Ou seja, o futebol serviu como instrumento de integração e paz entre as forças rivais, tal qual como aconteceu em fevereiro de 1969, quando o Santos de Pelé fez uma excursão pela África. Na ocasião o time paulista conseguiu que o Zaire (atual República Democrática do Congo), que vivia um grande conflito interno entre blocos étnicos e políticos, vivesse um dia de cessar fogo para que a população pudesse acompanhar o maior jogador do planeta e seus companheiros em campo.

    O "Batalhão do Futebol" foi desmobilizado em 1918, ano do fim da guerra, e contabilizou várias perdas para o esporte britânico. Em 2010 foi erguido o memorial para o 17º Regimento de Middlesex na cidade francesa de Longueval, no norte do país. Placas de granito com nomes dos atletas/combatentes mortos encontram-se no local para que os fãs de diversos clubes possam prestar homenagens aos seus heróis das batalhas nos campos de futebol e de guerra.




    Cartaz: Johnson, Riddle & Co., Ltd., de Londres/ING
    Foto 1: Getty Images
    Foto 2: Chester Chronicle
    Fotos 3 e 4: Autor desconhecido


              IRMÃOS SEPARADOS POR UMA COPA        


    Kevin e Jerôme Boateng: irmãos separados pela Copa




    É normal dois irmãos se enfrentarem em nível de clubes, como já ocorreu com os holandeses Ronald e Frank de Boer, os dinamarqueses Michael e Brian Laudrup, aquio no Brasil entre o volante Fernando (ex-Flamengo) e o meia Carlos Alberto (ex-Vasco), entre muitos outros. Mas seria inimaginável dois irmãos nascidos no mesmo país, criados juntos, atuarem por duas seleções diferentes e se enfrentarem, concordam? Pois os irmãos Kevin-Prince e Jérôme Boateng se tornaram pioneiros nesta prática numa Copa do Mundo.. 

    Ambos são nascidos em Wilmersdorf, vilarejo nos arredores da capital alemã Berlin, filhos de mãe alemã e pai ganês. Kevin-Prince nasceu em 6 de março de 1987, enquanto Jérôme, em 3 de setembro de 1988. O primeiro, meia, começou a dar seus primeiros passos no futebol nas categorias de base do amador Reinickendorfer Füchse e logo após ingressou nos juvenis do Hertha Berlin. Já o segundo, que é zagueiro, deu seus primeiros chutes no Tennis Borussia Berlin e logo depois juntou-se a Kevin nas escolinhas do Hertha.

    A separação dos irmãos começou quando o mais velho foi contratado pelo inglês Tottenham Hotspur em 2007 após duas temporadas entre os profissionais do clube alemão. Jérôme permaneceu em Berlin por mais alguns meses até ser negociado com o Hamburgo. Pelo bom futebol apresentador pelos dois naturalmente foram convocados para a seleções de base da Alemanha. Kevin defendeu as cores sub-21 germânicas até 2007, enquanto seu irmão atuou até 2009 e conseguiu o título europeu na categoria.

    Jérôme foi convocado para a seleção alemã principal pela primeira vez em outubro de 2009 para uma partida diante da Rússia - neste jogo foi expulso após receber dois cartões amarelos. Já Kevin havia sido preterido devido à forte concorrência no setor de meio-campo alemão, que já contava com nomes de bastante qualidade como Ballack, Schweinsteiger, Trochowski, Khedira e etc.

    Em 2009, mesmo após conselhos de seu ex-treinador do Hertha Berlin Dieter Hoeneß de optar por defender seu país natal, Kevin-Prince comunicou ao atual técnico do selecionado Joachim Löw que vestiria a camisa de Gana para disputar a Copa do Mundo de 2010 na África do Sul. Já seu irmão caçula, que à época acertou sua ida para o Manchester City, continuava a disputar as partidas eliminatórias para o torneio pela Alemanha e foi convocado para a disputa da competição, assim como Kevin. Curiosamente, este último, então atleta do Portsmouth, foi responsável pelo corte do capitão alemão Michael Ballack do Mundial, quando atingiu de forma violenta o "conterrâneo" do Chelsea, que teve os ligamentos de seu tornozelo lesionados, na decisão da FA Cup inglesa.

    Quis o destino que alemães e ganeses caíssem no mesmo Grupo D da Copa e em 23 de junho de 2010, na cidade de Joannesburgo, pela primeira vez na história do futebol dois irmãos se enfrentassem por duas seleções distintas. Jérôme Boateng se deu melhor que Kevin-Prince Boateng e os alemães venceram os ganeses por 1 a 0.

    Jerôme defende as cores do Bayern de Munique desde 2011 e está novamente entre os 23 convocados por Löw para a disputa do Mundial aqui do Brasil. Já Kevin-Prince deixou o Portsmouth logo após a Copa de 2010 rumo ao italiano Genoa. Depois passou por Milan e hoje veste a camisa do alemão Schalke 04. Neste dia 21 de junho de 2014 em Fortaleza, apenas 2 dias antes de se completarem 4 anos exatos do primeiro embate histórico, irmãos separados por uma Copa voltarão aos gramados defendendo suas nações, seja de nascimento ou de adoção.

    Abaixo, dados e estatísticas dos irmãos em lados opostos na Copa do Mundo.


    * Nome: Jérôme Boateng

    * Nascimento: 3 de setembro de 1988 em Wilmersdorf/ALE

    * Posição: zagueiro

    * Clubes (4): Hertha Berlin (2006/07), Hamburgo (2007 a 2010), Manchester City/ING (2010 a 2011) e Bayern de Munique (desde 2011)

    * Títulos (10): Campeonato Europeu de Seleções sub-21 (2009), FA Cup (2011), Supercopa Alemã (2012), Liga dos Campeões da Europa (2012/13), Supercopa da UEFA (2013), Mundial de Clubes (2013), Copa da Alemanha (2012/13 e 2013/14) e Campeonato Alemão (2012/13 e 2013/14)

    * Seleção alemã: 40 partidas e nenhum gol desde 2009


    --------------------------------------------------


    * Nome: Kevin-Prince Boateng

    * Nascimento: 6 de março de 1987 em Wilmersdorf/ALE

    * Posição: meio-campo

    * Clubes (7): Hertha Berlin (2005 a 2007), Tottenham Hotspur/ING (2007 a 2009), Borussia Dortmund (2009), Portsmouth/ING (desde 2009), Genoa/ITA (2010), Milan/ITA (2010 a 2013) e Schalke 04 (desde 2013)

    * Títulos (3): Copa da Liga inglesa (2007/08), Campeonato Italiano (2010/11) e Supercopa da Itália (2011)

    * Seleção ganesa: 6 partidas e 2 gols desde 2010



    Obs.: Dados atualizados até 20/06/2014 


    Foto 1: Alessandra Tarantino/AP
    Foto 2: TheFA.com

              PRÊMIO BELFORD DUARTE, O "FAIR PLAY" BRASILEIRO        

    Belford Duarte: o exemplo de Fair Play brasileiro que virou prêmio




    Vimos no útlimo fim de semana a esperada eliminação da simpática seleção do Taiti da Copa das Confederações após mais uma goleada sofrida, desta vez para os uruguaios por 8 a 0 - totalizando 24 gols tomados em 3 partidas. Entretanto, um prêmio de "consolação" estava em disputa para os taitianos: o Fair Play da FIFA, cujo vencedor é a equipe mais disciplinada de uma competição organizada por ela. No caso os polinésios não haviam tomado um cartão sequer durante o torneio, contudo, na partida diante do Uruguai, o zagueiro Ludivion acabou tomando dois amarelos e, consequentemente, o vermelho, deixando em aberto a disputa pelo mérito.

    Aqui no Brasil um prêmio nos moldes do Fair Play da FIFA existe desde os anos 40, mais precisamente 1945: o Belford Duarte. Tal honraria no princípio era destinada ao jogador de futebol, seja profissional ou amador, que em suas carreiras (com pelo menos duzentas partidas oficiais em 10 anos) não tivesse sido expulso. A premiação, concedida pela então CND (hoje CBF) consistia em uma medalha de prata (para os atletas profissionais) ou ouro (para os amadores), um diploma e uma carteira que dava acesso aos estádios brasileiros gratuitamente em dias de jogos. Em 1981 a concessão foi suspensa e só voltou a acontecer em 1995.

    Mas aí você pode estar me perguntando: e quem foi Belford Duarte? E o blog responde: João Evangelista Belford Duarte foi um ex-jogador de futebol, treinador e dirigente nascido em São Luís/MA em 27 de novembro de 1883. Em 1898, já em São Paulo, estudava na universidade Mackenzie, onde junto com alguns colegas ajudou a fundar a Associação Atlética Mackenzie College, primeiro time do país a ser criado exclusivamente por brasileiros. Jogou várias partidas pelo clube como meiocampista, tendo inclusive participado da primeira partida oficial por um torneio da história do Brasil em 1902, quando o Mackenzie enfrentou o Germânia e venceu por 2 a 1 pelo Campeonato Paulista. 

    Aos 24 anos de idade, em 1907, Belford Duarte mudou-se com a família para o Rio de Janeiro onde passou a atuar no America (escreve-se sem acento mesmo, pois em seu estatuto, à época de sua fundação em 1904, consta que sua grafia origina-se do inglês). Logo apaixonou-se pelo clube carioca e não só encerrou sua carreira lá em 1915, onde ganhou o estadual de 1913, mas como também tornou-se treinador, tesoureiro e diretor. Tamanha era sua influência no clube fluminense que mudou suas cores originais preta e branca para as atuais vermelho e branco em 1908 ainda como jogador em homenagem ao time que ajudou a fundar em São Paulo.

    Era conhecido por sua extrema polidez e simpatia para com as pessoas, além da lealdade dentro de campo, sendo jamais sequer advertido por alguma entrada mais dura nos colegas de campo. Daí seu nome estampado na premiação aos atletas disciplinados do esporte. Pregava o respeito e a honestidade dentro das quatro linhas, chegando ao ponto de se auto denunciar em lances irregulares cometido por ele próprio quando a arbitragem não os marcava. Também era bastante exigente e disciplinador, ao ponto de não aceitar que seus companheiros (enquanto jogador) ou subordinados (enquanto treinador e dirigente) exagerassem na vida extra-campo. Não permitia jogadores que bebessem ou fumassem fizessem parte dos quadros America. Não à toa era o capitão de sua equipe durante o período em que jogava.

    Até o fim da vida Belford Duarte percorreu o Brasil para divulgar o nome do seu clube do coração e foi inspiração para os diversos "Américas" existentes pelo país até os dias atuais. Faleceu em 1918, em seu sítio nas redondezas do município de Resende, curiosamente no dia do seu 35º aniversário, assassinado devido à conflitos de terra.

    O prêmio Belford Duarte originalmente era concedido aos atletas que tivessem os pré-requisitos já citados, mas que poderiam estar na ativa. Tal condição foi alterada em 1995 premiando apenas os "aposentados" para evitar que um jogador que tivesse recebido a premiação fosse expulso depois, como aconteceu com o lateral-esquerdo Everaldo, campeão do mundo com o Brasil em 1970, que poucos meses após ser condecorado agrediu um árbitro e foi suspenso dos gramados por um ano.

    Alguns jogadores consagrados receberam o prêmio Belford Duarte, tais como os ex-atacantes Vavá e Evaristo de Macedo, os ex-goleiros Félix, Castilho e Gilmar, o ex-meia Didi e os ex-pontas Pepe e Telê Santana. A partir de 2008 a Rede Globo passou a organizar a premiação destinada aos jogadores mais disciplinados do Campeonato Brasileiro. 

    Abaixo, dados e estatísticas de Belford Duarte, o sinônimo de Fair Play do futebol brasileiro.


    * Nome: João Evangelista Belford Duarte

    * Nascimento: 27/11/1883 em São Luís/MA

    * Falecimento: 27/11/1918 em Resende/RJ

    * Posição: meio-campo

    * Clubes como jogador (2): Mackenzie/SP (1898 a 1906) e America/RJ (1907 a 1915)

    * Título como jogador (1): Campeonato Carioca (1913)

    * Clube como treinador (1): America/RJ (data imprecisa, talvez 1915)

    * Títulos como treinador: nenhum



    Foto: Autor desconhecido


              A COPA DA ALEMANHA        

    Bayern de Munique: o maior campeão da DFB Pokal




    Neste sábado o Bayern de Munique entrou em campo novamente para mais uma decisão. Depois de ganhar o Campeonato Alemão e a Liga dos Campeões da Europa, o time bávaro recheou ainda mais sua vasta galeria de troféus com a Copa da Alemanha e chegou à tríplice coroa nesta temporada - o adversário foi o Stuttgart, tradicional clube germânico, e o placar foi de 3 a 2.

    A Copa, conhecida como DFB Pokal (Deutscher Fußball-Bund Pokal), é disputada desde 1935 e tem o lendário clube de Munique como seu maior vencedor com 16 conquistas. O primeiro campeão da história do torneio foi o 1. FC Nuremberg ao bater o Schalke 04 por 2 a 0 na decisão em Düsseldorf.

    Em sua primeira edição a Copa da Alemanha se chamava Tschammer-Pokal - ou  Tschammer und Osten Pokal - em homenagem ao então Reichssportführer (Chefe do Gabinete de Esportes do 3º Reich) Hans von Tschammer und Oste. A disputa envolveu incríveis 4100 clubes desde a elite até as divisões amadoras do futebol alemão no período preliminar. A fase principal se deu com 63 times em 6 rodadas de mata-mata, acabando, conforme já dito, com o título do Nuremberg sobre o Schalke 04 na grande final em Düsseldorf com público estimado em mais de 50 mil pessoas presentes.

    Desde então o formato sofreu poucas alterações no que diz respeito ao original dos anos 30: várias equipes de todo o país, das divisões semi-profissionais e amadoras, começam a disputa nas fases preliminares até chegar ao grupo principal que vai até a final no já conhecido sistema de mata-mata. Na atualidade 64 times entram nessa fase, na qual já estão qualificados automaticamente todos os clubes da Bundesliga, da 2. Bundesliga e os 4 melhores colocados da última temporada da 3. Liga, respectivamente 1ª, 2ª e 3ª divisões. A título de curiosidade a Alemanha possui 13 divisões em sua pirâmide futebolística, comportando mais de 30 mil equipes e mais de 2 mil grupos regionais.

    A partir de 1953 a competição passou a se chamar DFB Pokal. nome mantido até os dias atuais, em virtude do fim do nazismo. Aliás, entre 1943 e e 1952 não houve disputa devido à Segunda Guerra Mundial.

    Os confrontos são definidos por sorteio, quando na fase principal os clubes são divididos em dois potes: um contendo os times semi-profissionais e amadores e outro, os profissionais, sempre na obrigatoriedade de haver uma partida entre os de um recipiente contra o do outro até que um deles fique vazio e, assim, todos se juntem num único pote. Desde 1985 a final é disputada no Olympiastadion de Berlin e seu vencedor tem vaga garantida na próxima edição da Liga Europa (antiga Copa da UEFA).

    Poucos clubes de divisões inferiores na DFB Pokal chegaram às fases finais da competição na história, dada a diferença abissal de estrutura e financeira entre eles e os da elite. Até 1974 nenhum time da Bundesliga havia sido derrotado por um amador ou semi-profissional, quando o Hamburgo entrou para os registros históricos ao ser o primeiro a sucumbir perante um adversário bem menos expressivo - o VfB Eppingen. Podemos citar mais alguns exemplos de surpresas ao longo do tempo como a derrota do Borussia Dortmund em 1990 para o nanico SpVgg Fürth, a chegada à final em 1993 do Hertha Berlin II (reserva do Hertha Berlin) - a primeira vez de um time da 3ª divisão a chegar à decisão - e a surpreendente vitória do desconhecido TSV Vestenbergsgreuth sobre o então campeão nacional Bayern de Munique por 1 a 0 na 1ª rodada na temporada 1994/95.

    O maior vencedor da Copa, como já citado, é o poderoso Bayern de Munique com 16 taças, seguido do Werder Bremen, que tem 6. O super artilheiro Gerd Müller, como de costume, é o artilheiro máximo da competição com 78 gols. Já o goleiro Oliver Kahn detem o recorde de 6 títulos. Por fim o ex-meia tcheco Mirko Votava foi o atleta que mais vezes entrou em campo pelo certame: 79 vezes.

    Outro dado digno de nota é o fato de o torneio ter em sua história dois campeões austríacos, o Rapid Wien (que também foi campeão alemão) em 1938 e o First Vienna em 1943 - tais fatos se deram pela anexação da Áustria por parte da Alemanha na época do nazismo, fazendo com que as equipes austríacas disputassem os campeonatos em território alemão.

    Para finalizar outra curiosidade: nesses 78 anos de Copa da Alemanha houve apenas um 0 a 0 em uma final - na temporada 1991/92 entre Hannover e Borussia Mönchengladbach, com vitória nos pênaltis para o primeiro por 4 a 3.

    Abaixo, dados, estatísticas e todos os campeões e vices de cada edição da DFB Pokal.


    COPA DA ALEMANHA (DFB Pokal - Deutscher Fußball-Bund Pokal)

    * Início: 1935 (como Tschammer-Pokal)

    * Maior vencedor: Bayern de Munique (16 vezes)

    * Maior placar: Stuttgart Kickers 17 x 0 VfB 05 Knielingen (1940/41)

    * Maior público: Borussia Dortmund 3 x 0 FC Carl Zeiss Jena (80708 pessoas em 18/08/2008 no Signal Iduna Park)

    * Maior artilheiro: Gerd Müller (78 gols)

    * Mais gols em um único jogo: Carsten Jäncker (6 gols na vitória do Kaiserslautern por 15 a 0 contra o FC Schönberg 95 em 21/08/2004)

    * Jogador que mais venceu a competição: Oliver Kahn (6 vezes)

    * Jogador que mais autou na competição: Mirko Votava/TCH (79 jogos)

    * Finais (local):

    1935 - 1. FC Nuremberg 2 x 0 Schalke 04 (Düsseldorf)

    1936 - VfB Leipzig 2 x 1 Schalke 04 (Berlin)

    1937 - Schalke 04 2 x 1 Fortuna Düsseldorf (Köln)

    1938 - Rapid Wien 3 x 1 FSV Frankfurt (Berlin)

    1939 - 1. FC Nuremberg 2 x 0 Waldhof Mannheim (Berlin)

    1940 - Dresdner SC 2 x 1 1. FC Nuremberg (Berlin)

    1941 - Dresdner SC 2 x 1 Schalke 04 (Berlin)

    1942 - 1860 Munique 2 x 0 Schalke 04 (Berlin)

    1943 - First Vienna 3 x 2 Luftwaffen-SV Hamburg (Stuttgart)

    1952/53 - Rot-Weiss Essen 2 x 1 Alemania Aachen (Düsseldorf)

    1953/54 - Stuttgart 1 x 0 Colônia (Ludwigshafen)

    1954/55 - Karlsruher 3 x 2 Schalke 04 (Braunschweig)

    1955/56 - Karlsruher 3 x 1 Hamburgo (Karlshure)

    1956/57 - Bayern de Munique 1 x 0 Fortuna Düsseldorf (Augsburg)

    1957/58 - Stuttgart 4 x 3 Fortuna Düsseldorf (Kassel)

    1958/59 - Schwarz-Weiss Essen 5 x 2 Borussia Neunkirchen (Kassel)

    1959/60 - Borussia Mönchengladbach 3 x 2 Karlsruher (Düsseldorf)

    1960/61 - Werder Bremen 2 x 0 Kaiserslautern (Gelsenkirchen)

    1961/62 - 1. FC Nuremberg 2 x 1 Fortuina Düsseldorf (Hannover)

    1962/63 - Hamburgo 3 x 0 Borussia Dortmund (Hannover)

    1963/64 - 1860 Munique 2 x 0 Eintracht Frankfurt (Stuttgart)

    1964/65 - Borussia Dortmund 2 x 0 Alemania Aachen (Hannover)

    1965/66 - Bayern de Munique 4 x 2 Meidericher SV (Frankfurt)

    1966/67 - Bayern de Munique 4 x 0 Hamburgo (Stuttgart)

    1967/68 - Colônia 4 x 1 Bochum (Ludwigshafen)

    1968/69 - Bayern de Munique 2 x 1 Schalke 04 (Frankfurt)

    1969/70 - Kickers Offenbach 2 x 1 Colônia (Hannover)

    1970/71 - Bayern de Munique 2 x 1 Colônia (Stuttgart)

    1971/72 - Schalke 5 x 0 Kaiserslautern (Hannover)

    1972/73 - Borussia Mönchengladbach 2 x 1 Colônia (Düsseldorf)

    1973/74 - Eintracht Frankfurt 3 x 1 Hamburgo (Düsseldorf)

    1974/75 - Eintracht Frankfurt 2 x 1 MSV Duisburg (Hannover)

    1975/76 - Hamburgo 2 x 0 Kaiserslautern (Frankfurt)

    1976/77 - Colônia 1 x 0 Hertha Berlin (Hannover)

    1977/78 - Colônia 2 x 0 Fortuna Düsseldorf (Gelsenkirchen)

    1978/79 - Fortuna Düsseldorf 1 x 0 Hertha Berlin (Hannover)

    1979/80 - Fortuna Düsseldorf 2 x 1 Colônia (Gelsenkirchen)

    1980/81 - Eintracht Frankfurt 3 x 1 Kaiserslautern (Stuttgart)

    1981/82 - Bayern de Munique 4 x 2 1. FC Nuremberg (Frankfurt)

    1982/83 - Colônia 1 x 0 Fortuna Köln (Colônia)

    1983/84 - Bayern de Munique 1 x 1 Borussia Mönchengladbach - pen. 7 x 6 (Frankfurt)

    1984/85 - Bayer Uerdingen 2 x 1 Bayern de Munique (Berlin)

    1985/86 - Bayern de Munique 5 x 2 Stuttgart (Berlin)

    1986/87 - Hamburgo 3 x 1 Stuttgarter Kickers (Berlin)

    1987/88 - Eintracht Frankfurt 1 x 0 Bochum (Berlin)

    1988/89 - Borussia Dortmund 4 x 1 Werder Bremen (Berlin)

    1989/90 - Kaiserslautern 3 x 2 Werder Bremen (Berlin)

    1990/91 - Werder Bremen 1 x 1 Colônia - pen. 4 x 3 (Berlin)

    1991/92 - Hannover 0 x 0 Borussia Mönchengladbach - pen. 4 x 3 (Berlin)

    1992/93 - Bayer Leverkusen 1 x 0 Hertha Berlin II (Berlin)

    1993/94 - Werder Bremen 3 x 1 Rot-Weiss Essen (Berlin)

    1994/95 - Borussia Mönchengladbach 3 x 0 Wolfsburg (Berlin)

    1995/96 - Kaiserslautern 1 x 0 Kalrshurer (Berlin)

    1996/97 - Stuttgart 2 x 0 Energie Cottbus (Berlin)

    1997/98 - Bayern de Munique 2 x 1 MSV Duisburg (Berlin)

    1998/99 - Werder Bremen 1 x 1 Bayern de Munique - pen. 5 x 4 (Berlin)

    1999/2000 - Bayern de Munique 3 x 0 Werder Bremen (Berlin)

    2000/01 - Schalke 04 2 x 0 Union Berlin (Berlin)

    2001/02 - Schalke 4 x 2 Bayern Leverkusen (Berlin)

    2002/03 - Bayern de Munique 3 x 1 Kaiserslautern (Berlin)

    2003/04 - Werder Bremen 3 x 2 Alemania Aachen (Berlin)

    2004/05 - Bayern de Munique 2 x 1 Schalke 04 (Berlin)

    2005/06 - Bayern de Munique 1 x 0 Eintracht Frankfurt (Berlin)

    2006/07 - 1. FC Nuremberg 3 x 2 Stuttgart (Berlin)

    2007/08 - Bayern de Munique 2 x 1 Borussia Dortmund (Berlin)

    2008/09 - Werder Bremen 1 x 0 Bayer Leverkusen (Berlin)

    2009/10 - Bayern de Munique 4 x 0 Werder Bremen (Berlin)

    2010/11 - Schalke 04 5 x 0 MSV Duisburg (Berlin)

    2011/12 - Borussia Dortmund 5 x 2 Bayern de Munique (Berlin)

    2012/13 - Bayern de Munique 3 x 2 Stuttgart (Berlin)



    Imagem: Arquivo pessoal
    Foto: AsianWave


              RE[4]: USD vs. EUR        
    in my country, 999 euro translates to 1290 dollars. 999 US + TAX, is at most 1100 dollars, so 1290 is still 190 dollars more expensive. You are correct that sales tax in the US is usually in the 10% neighborhood (actually, 8% would be a better average). However, isn't the VAT in places like Germany, Netherlands, or Scandinavia more like 20%?
              RE[5]: USD vs. EUR        
    However, isn't the VAT in places like Germany, Netherlands, or Scandinavia more like 20%? In my lovely little country the BTW (Belasting Toegevoegde Waarde, literally: Tax over Added Value) is 19%. Taxes deducted, th elow-end iMac costs 839.50 EUR, which is using current exchange rates, 1073.38 USD. So, we Dutch pay 75 USD more (+7.5%), which is a lot, but a lot more acceptable than it used to be. Apple is going the in right direction with this, probably taking the criticism they received about this to heart. However, things get a little nastier when we look at the Mac Mini. The low-end model costs 599 USD, and taxes deducted 520.17 EUR in The Netherlands. That's 665.05 USD. That's 65 USD more (+10.9%) which I just find a little too much. Here, a Mac Mini is ANYTHING but entry-level. On the iMac side, it's going in the right direction; the Mini is not (yet).
              Bademeister Logo        
    Pool attendant logo (German) created for t-shirt design. [type face: inconsolata]
              Europe Summit Aims to Revive Lost Momentum Toward Unity         

    WITH public opinion soured on the merits of European unity, European Community leaders hope to ``relaunch Europe'' with a special summit tomorrow celebrating ratification of the long-awaited Maastricht Treaty.

    ``It's important to get the public thinking in terms of Europe again,'' says one Belgian Foreign Ministry official.

    But the celebration risks being seen as irrelevant by much of the public it targets, as Europeans worry about record-high unemployment, challenges to their infant-to-elder social-welfare system, and instability on the continent's eastern borders.

    ``In Germany, at least, people are thinking about their job security, while published opinion is wondering about the future course of Russia, and neither one sees how the EC can have a major impact on those concerns,'' says Josef Janning, deputy director of the research group on Europe at the University of Mainz in Germany. ``People are seeing such issues less in European and more in national terms.''

    The Maastricht Treaty, an ambitious blueprint for providing the EC with a monetary union and a common foreign and security policy by the latter part of the decade, was supposed to have been ratified and the process of its implementation begun in January 1992. That the treaty was not fully ratified until this month, when the German constitutional court finally approved it, provides a measure of the public doubt about Maastricht's goals.

    In the two-year delay, Maastricht was battered by an initial outright rejection by Danish voters in a referendum, plus rough ratification battles in Britain and France. The European currency crises of October 1992 and this past summer mocked the monetary union goal, while the EC's weak and disjointed response to the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina posed deep questions about the feasibility of a common foreign policy. Operation `restore stature'

    Tomorrow's summit, held in Brussels, is a German-French initiative to try to restore both Maastricht's and Europe's public stature. But even in France, where regard for the Community runs high, doubts are strong about what this summit can accomplish.

    ``No one should expect much of anything concrete out of this summit,'' says Phillipe Moreau-Defarges, an EC specialist at the French Institute of International Relations in Paris. ``There's too much division among the EC countries for decisions to be made.''

    One possible area of action that Mr. Moreau-Defarges cites provides a good example of the Community's current lack of a common vision. The summit could give a new boost to earlier economic ``growth initiatives'' that have had trouble getting off the ground, he says.

    Elsewhere in Europe, where public spending is already causing record debts, and where skepticism is strong over the actual impact of large public-works programs, enthusiasm for such proposals is slight.

    ``The German public is definitely not in favor of this kind of centralized program to rebuild Europe's economic strength,'' Dr. Janning says. ``People in Ireland or Portugal may see Brussels [EC headquarters] as a guarantor or creator of jobs,'' he adds, since those countries receive substantial EC development funds, ``but they certainly don't in Germany.''

    Germany and France also had wanted to take up another issue at the summit: Community institutional reforms. The larger countries feel their power is too limited by the generally equal rights of smaller members, and concern is growing that the Community's enlargement to include three or four new small members by 1995 will further tilt the balance and generally render the Community more bureaucratic and plodding. Putting off reform

    German proposals for streamlining the EC administration met with staunch resistance from small members, and reform will likely be put on hold until the next EC treaty review in 1996.

    To demonstrate that Maastricht is now in force, EC leaders are expected to prepare the next stage of economic and monetary union by launching the European Monetary Institute, ``embryo'' of a future European central bank. The institute's location in Germany is likely to be approved, a move that could open the way for decisions on the placement of several other new EC institutions, including a patent office and environmental agency.

    Still, there is a lingering feeling that Maastricht, negotiated in 1990, is a treaty already left behind by European events. ``By spring of next year we may very well have a new imperial Russia to contend with, something never imagined when Maastricht was written,'' Janning says. ``Economies are seen more in national terms. [Community] leaders will have to work hard,'' he adds, ``to demonstrate that Maastricht is relevant in these conditions.''

    Become a part of the Monitor community


              Berroth        

    Erika Berroth, associate professor of German, presented research on transnational and multicultural European film at the 71st Annual South Central Modern Languages Association Conference in Austin, Texas, on October 20, 2014. Showcasing her curricular innovations in the German program at the 39th conference of the Coalition of Women in German in Shawnee on Delaware, PA, October 23-26, 2014, she spoke on "Teaching German in the Anthropocene" on the Pedagogy Panel titled Sustainability as Feminist Practice. Her poster presentation "Innovations in a Small German Program" highlighted the impact of an ACS Blended Learning Grant in the development of our new short-term embedded study abroad program for student-athletes: Global Players: Leadership, Football, Intercultural Learning, first implemented this summer. Berroth also organized and chaired the session "Feminist Embodiment and Empowerment," and, as Chair of the 2014 WIG Dissertation Prize Committee, introduced and honored this year's winner.


              Berroth        

    Erika Berroth, associate professor of German, presented a research paper titled "Slow Violence and Vibrant Matter in Marica Bodrožić' Novel Kirschholz und alte Gefühle" at the 38th annual conference of the German Studies Association for a panel with the title Berlin Haunts: Specters of the Past and Future in Recent Berlin Fictions. Berroth also contributed to discussions in a session sponsored by the GSA Environmental Studies Network titled "The Metabolism of Cultures: Consumption, Waste, and Desire in Ecological Humanities," and in a session sponsored by the North American DAAD Centers for German and European Studies titled Mensch/Natur/Umwelt: New Research and Pedagogy of the Green Germany."


              Berroth        

    Erika Berroth, associate professor of German, was invited to write the introduction to Gernot Blume's new volume of poetry, Redewendungen, Gedichte aus den Jahren 2012/13. Blume, a contemporary German poet, ethnomusicologist, composer, singer, musician, multicultural improviser, and multi-instrumentalist has gained international recognition for his complex body of work. Germanists are particularly delighted with his Dichterlieder compositions that breathe new life into German classics like Friedrich Hölderlin, Heinrich Heine, Rainer Maria Rilke, Hermann Hesse, and Hildegard von Bingen. The volume is scheduled for publication in the fall of 2014.


              Erika Berroth        

    Erika Berroth, associate professor of German, is the recipient of the 2014 Coalition of Women in German Faculty Research Award. The award recognizes and supports projects that address a significant topic with demonstrated relevance to German Studies informed by a feminist perspective. Preference is given to projects that engage the intersections of gender with other categories such as sexuality, class, race, ethnicity, religion, and citizenship. The Coalition of Women in German, WIG, also encourages proposals that further the project of rethinking German Studies along transnational lines. Dr. Hester Baer, President of WIG notes the relevance of Berroth's research project to feminist work in the context of transnational aesthetics, representations of economic transformations in East-Central Europe, and environmental implications in the literature of migration. Berroth is working on a book about the contemporary German author Marica Bodrožić, winner of the European Union Prize for Literature in 2013.


              Berroth        

    Erika Berroth, associate professor of German, presented a poster titled "Global Players: Leadership – Football –Intercultural Perspectives" at the 15th annual Texas Foreign Language Education Conference, TexFLEC, that took place on February 14 & 15, 2014, at the University of Texas, Austin. The poster outlined the process and components of a summer experience in Germany that integrates athletic competition with intercultural learning. The conference topic, Shaping the Future of Foreign/Second Language Education to Cross Cultural Boundaries: Integrating Theory and Practice provided opportunities for engaging discussions of the innovative collaboration between our Football and German programs at Southwestern. At the conference, Dr. Berroth also contributed to discussions on addressing foreign language anxiety, best practices on using technologies in second language culture learning, and from her perspective of teaching FYS, on teaching writing for international students.


              Berroth        

    Erika Berroth, associate professor of German, participated in the 38th annual conference of the Coalition of Women in German (WIG) in Shawnee on Delaware, Pa., Oct. 24-27, 2013. Berroth led three professional development workshops, organized and moderated a panel on "Erlkönigs Töchter: Witches and Ghosts in German Literature and Film," and collaborated in selecting the 2013 winner of the Women in German Dissertation Prize. She was appointed to chair the Dissertation Prize Committee in the coming year. The WIG membership also voted to sponsor Berroth's proposal to organize and moderate a panel on "Eco-Pedagogy and Feminist Praxis in Modern Languages and Literatures" at the 2014 conference of the American Council for Teaching Foreign Languages  (ACTFL) and the American Association of Teachers of German (AATG) that will be held in San Antonio next November.


              The Art of Lovin' Animals --- Featured Group of Artists Inspired by Their Beloved Pets.        
    "Enilde And Our Children" Oil on Panel 42" x 60"
    Painting by Luke Van Hook, 2003
    Painting and Photograph copyright by Luke and Ginger E. Van Hook, 2004
    Courtesy of the Van Hook Collection

    The Art of Lovin' Animals
    Features a group of artists inspired,
    motivated or influenced by their beloved pets
    and appear in this blog in the following order:

    Joshua Elias, Simone Gad, Betty Glass, David Newsom,
    Monrovia Association of Fine Arts supporters
    (KidsArt Studio, PaintNPlay Art Studios, Tyson & Tillman Skate Dogs)
    Family Dog and Cat Hospital in Monrovia, California (displays animal artwork).
    Ginger Van Hook, Luke Van Hook,
    Alex in Welderland, Elena Wolek, and Zareh.

    Additionally as part of the "Art of Lovin' Animals"
    there is a special book and movie review of
    John Grogan's book "Marley and Me", and the recent hit movie
    starring Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson


    Written by Enilde G. Van Hook with special thanks to all participating artists!


    Do you remember your first pet? I do. I even have a picture of how much bigger my cats’ paws were than my two feet put together at the age of three. My mother, tells me I had a yellow duck, a small dog and a large yellow tabby cat that owned me as a child.
    These three pets were protective, possessive and they were my first companions as I ventured out, for the first time, into my wild back yard of dirt and weeds. I was born in Rosario Argentina and to me now as an adult, my backyard is still my world. I live in Los Angeles, California but the romance of the Argentinean Pampas is not lost on me. From the pictures of my past, I gathered that my Belgian Grandfather, Francisco, ran a plant nursery in Buenos Aires and that my father, Luis, grew up to be an inventor in America. But the most unique connection I have to my past is my relationship with animals. I’ve had a pet at almost every age as I grew up. The importance of this type of companionship has not been explored enough in the art world, at least, this is my opinion. This is the reason I am blogging about the subject of the art and inspiration of lovin’ pets. I hope to instigate discussion, if not compassion. I hope to motivate an artistic response to my thoughts as well. You may have a completely different experience, so I personally encourage you to post your comments after you read this entry.
    This is what I asked myself for the subject of the essay for Ginger's Art Journal. What is the relationship of animals and pets to the art world? How involved are animals throughout the art strata? How much inspiration is gathered from the love of a pet? Can that even be measured? Does the love of a pet inspire political causes? Activism? How does one explain the pangs of loneliness from the loss of a pet? Does the death of a pet make an artist create more art? Does the gift of a new life of a pet inspire hope and renewal in artists? How do artists express their love and affection for the four-legged critters of our earth? How do animals, pets, pet trees, pet rocks or pets of any kind affect the process of making art?
    There are a number of artists that I have followed for a period of time to investigate the questions that will make up this entry. Studying the work of a number of local artists from the Los Angeles and surrounding areas that work with pets in their art practice, I will present some of their unique stories with photos. The artists, in alphabetical order, include Joshua Elias, Simone Gad, Betty Glass, David Newsom, Ginger Van Hook and Luke Van Hook, Alexandra from Alex in Welderland, Lena Wolek and Zareh. Additionally, the art of lovin’ animals has made a seamless transition from the literary art into the film arts so I will discuss one of my favorite books by John Grogan named “Marley and Me” as it compares to its latest movie version of “Marley and Me” starring Jennifer Aniston and Owen Wilson which opened in December for Christmas Day.
    The method selected to choose these artists was random. I began my animal photographic study in 2006. Through my daily practice of studying the arts, I have come across people who were “in my back yard” and came to connect with me in a special way. I didn’t set out to write a story about animals. I merely went about my daily routine of photographing people and artwork that caught my “eye” because I was at the right place at the right time. Believing that the universe has a special plan for me, I allowed this story to evolve of its own volition. What I discovered both surprised me and opened me up. What I mean by this is that I was surprised to discover that artists who had pets had a great deal in common with other artists who had pets. Most people know and understand the history that reveals how the Egyptians revered cats and how the dog is considered “man’s best friend”. While it was common to have general conversations about how great it was to have pets and create pet portraits, I rarely came across artists that spoke to the deeper underlying significance in the arts about this specifically. While doing this research, I came across the most extreme case of worshiping our pets. The act of cloning has been in the news ever since the cloning of “Dolly” the sheep, but did you know that now there is a company that has launched itself into a commercial venture to clone man’s best friend? I discovered this and lots more so enjoy the new year in 2009 with a renewed commitment to your beloved pet. This is an ongoing story so don’t feel left out if your best friend isn’t included in this entry. I’m still reviewing artwork and pet portraits,
    feel free to send me an email about your animal story and I’ll include it in the followup stories!

    *********************************************************************************

    JOSHUA ELIAS
    Fine Arts Painter

    Joshua Elias, Exhibition, DCA Fine Arts
    Santa Monica, California
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2007
    Winston and Lucille read art literature on the couch and
    wait for Joshua Elias to become inspired to feed them.
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008
    Paintings by Joshua Elias
    Art in the making at the Brewery Artist Colony
    Los Angeles, California, 2008
    Studio visit by Ginger Van Hook
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook
    Artist brushes belonging to Joshua Elias
    The instruments by which Joshua Elias creates the canvas of weather and inspiration.
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008
    DCA Fine Arts Gallery, Joshua Elias with Mathew Heller and his girlfriend
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook 2007
    Joshua Elias, Exhibition at DCA Fine Arts Gallery
    Santa Monica, California
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2007
    Joshua Elias with his cats Winston and Lucille
    in his studio at the Brewery Arts Complex in Los Angeles, California
    Photo copyright Ginger Van Hook, 2008

    Joshua Elias
    Artist Statement

    Art has become about large quantities of Resin, masquerading as Content. The focus has been on Process, confusing it with Content. Enough. I wish to focus on Content. Story and Vibration lead the way for me to paint.

    I work in oil because of the depth and movement that it allows for me, as a medium. I focus on Landscapes that are rearranged. Traveling spirits act as guides, to the movement of a particular painting. The influence of Moorish architecture and its many doorways offers and allows entryways into paintings.

    At present we are in a period of Time where there seems to be long standing fights over Space, Time Religion, Money, Ideology, and Relationships. Enough. The one thing we do all share is Weather. Through the action of Creating our own environment, our own personal Weather, the Repositioning of Weather can illuminate and allow for more Creation to happen, more of a Life Force to shine and to take shape.

    ï¿_ Joshua Elias

    Courtesy of the DCA website
    *************************************************************************************************************************



    SIMONE GAD
    Fine Arts Painter, Collage Artist, Actor and Performer
    Simone Gad, Artist, Solo Show, L2Kontemporary Gallery
    February 2008 Chinatown, Los Angeles, California,
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008


    Selfportrait with Max and Bella/Autoportrait avec Max et Bella
    Private collection, photo courtesy of Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005
    Gad/Rin-Tin-Tin Collection Long Beach Museum of Art
    Courtesy Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005


    Picture Holocaust Clowns - Pinups 127, Gad and Poodle
    Courtesy Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005

    Selfportrait with Cat and Jesus
    Private collection, Courtesy of Simone Gad, Artist, copyright 2005

    Hommage a Ma Mere 2005 Painting Collage
    Copyright and Collection- Simone Gad
    Courtesy Simone Gad-Artist
    Photograph by Antonio Garcia





    Autoportrait avec Kashmir, painting collage 2005/06
    Courtesy Simone Gad- Artist and L2Kontemporary Gallery
    Chinatown, Los Angeles, California. Copyright Simone Gad


    Portrait of Bella, the Brindle cat, acting secretary for Artist, Simone Gad
    Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008



    Bella the Brindle Cat, (on the Marilyn and JFK Installation)
    Photo copyright and courtesy of
    Jesse Bonderman and Simone Gad,

    Bella, the Brindle Cat #2 (Marilyn Installation)
    Photo courtesy of Jessie Bonderman and Simone Gad


    Portrait of Simone Gad, Artist with companion, Bella.
    Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

    Portrait of Bella
    The Brindle cat, Artist assistant, model
    and loyal companion to Simone Gad.
    Los Angeles, California, Artist studio visit
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

    Max and Bella pose for pictures in the window of Simone Gad's artist studio
    Los Angeles, California
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008

    Simone Gad poses with one of her paintings of Chinatown
    during her solo show at L2Kontemporary Gallery
    Chinatown, Los Angeles, California
    Photograph by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2008



    Enilde Van Hook writer's notes: I met Simone Gad at an exhibition of her work in Chinatown in the spring of 2008. The L2Kontemporary Gallery is a unique gallery located at 990 N. Hill Street #205 in Downtown Los Angeles (90012), California. I received an email from ArtScene, a wonderful source of local Art Events that is produced by the staff of Coagula Art Journal. Special thanks to Michael Salerno and Mat Gleason, because somewhere in the announcement, I read that Simone Gad was a Belgium-born artist and this led me to want to meet her to talk about the art in Belgium, where my grandfather had been born. Once I attended her exhibit and got a chance to meet Simone, I realized there was a distinct cultural connection we had through our reverence to the animals. She used images of her cats to make intriguing and poignant self-portraits and insightful photographic collages.
    I have followed Simone Gad’s work into 2009 and you will enjoy visiting her site through the L2Kontemporary Gallery located in Chinatown in Los Angeles: Follow these links to get to know a renaissance artist, a versatile film and TV actress, a woman of many talents and an artist who has a great deal of compassion to show for her animal friends: visit the online gallery site at http://www.l2kontemporary.com to view her solo show at L2k for Feb 08 plus her updated resume which may be viewed at saatchigallery.org by writing in her name or wooloo.org by writing in Simone Gad’s name.
    Special thanks to the L2Kontemporary Gallery for cooperating with my interview! (www.L2Kontemporary.com and L2Kontemporary@sbcglobal.net and phone: 323-225-1288)

    Simone Gad
    Artist Statement and Biography: 2009

    I've been showing in museums and galleries for 40 years-am a 6 times grants recipient, including a CRA Grant 1986, the Woman's Building 1985/6, New Orleans Contemporary Museum of Art 1984, the Gottlieb Foundation-NYC/Painting Medical Emergency Grant, Change Inc-Robert Rauschenberg Foundation Grant-both in 2002 for painting and medical emergency, and Artist Fellowship Foundation Grant in 2007-NYC. I am included in the Archives of the National Portrait Gallery/Smithsonian-Washington, DC, and will also be included in the Lyn Kienholz Encyclopedia of Los Angeles Artists who have shown between 1944 and 1979. In Los Angeles, I am represented by L2kontemporary Gallery-Chinatown, Jack Fischer Gallery in San Francisco, and am showing in Spain. I am also in the traveling museum exhibition-Your Documents Please thru 2010 in Japan/Europe/Mexico curated by Daniel Georges of Brooklyn, NY. I was born in Brussels, Belgium to holocaust survivor parents, from Poland. We came to the US in the early 1950's and settled in Boyle Heights/E.L.A, after arriving at Ellis Island. My mother got me into show-biz at the age of 4 upon our immigration. I grew up in the entertainment field as a young actress-have been working professionally in film, tv, commercials and theatre ever since. Have always had a dual career-.visual/performance artist and actor. George Herms and Wallace Berman were my first mentors. Al Hansen was my mentor from 1972 to 1995 when he passed away in Koln, Germany.

    My cats Max and Bella Bettina Kashmir are my inspiration for many of my painting collages-have been so for many years. I've always been inspired by my cats and dogs that I've had since I arrived to this country from War torn Europe. My father got me my first dog-Teddy Queeny when I was a child living on Folsom Street-We had just returned from a movie on Brooklyn Avenue when we saw the puppies on our way home. I was allowed to have one-and I was so happy. But my mother hated animals and wouldn't let me keep my pet with me in my bedroom and it cried all night. I was heartbroken when I got home from Nursery School the following day and found that my dog was gone. My mom told me she had sent it to New Jersey to live with my Tante Sally. I wasn't allowed to have any animals after that. Years later I visited my aunt and asked her if she had taken care of my Teddy Queeny and she told me she never did-she never got the dog-didn't know what I was talking about. I realized that my mother had lied to me and had possibly killed my beloved doggie. I had moved to Topanga Canyon for a while in the late 1960's-that's where I got to know Wallace Berman and George Herms. I was given a miniature sheppard-who I named Lady. She was my constant companion and I adored her. She was run over by a couple of friends who were staying with me one night. I found her bleeding from her mouth by the driveway. She died in my arms and I could feel her spirit leave her body. We buried her the next morning. I was devastated for years. A friend of mine gave me a dash-hound and I took it home to be with me when I left Topanga and stayed with my parents for a while. I named her Wiggle Butts because she had this habit of wiggling her behind when she walked. I was not allowed to keep her-once again-so I called a friend and had her drive from The Canyon to pick Wiggles up and take care of her for me. When I left my parents and got an apartment, I got a cat-Nathaniel-my very first cat-who was with me for 15 years until he passed away. It was then that I started to incorporate animal objects into my collages-in the mid 1970's.

    copyright Simone Gad 2009

    http://www.l2kontemporary.com to view Simone Gad’s solo show at L2k for Feb 08 plus her updated resume-you may also get it on saatchigallery.org by writing in her name or wooloo.org by writing in Simone Gad’s name-

    ************************************************************************************


    BETTY GLASS

    Focus One Gallery in Monrovia, California. Sponsored by M.A.F.A.,
    the Monrovia Association of Fine Arts and Focus One Community Credit Union.
    Photo by Ginger Van Hook, copyright 2006

    Betty Glass celebrates Christmas with Lulu at home in 2008.
    Lulu, wearing her new holiday sweater,
    pokes her nose into the gift bag
    to see if she likes what Santa has brought her.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty Glass and James Glass.
    Turtle Painting, Watercolor Artwork by Betty Glass reminiscent of her pet turtles.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.
    Trojan Horses, Watercolor painting by Artist, Betty Glass
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.
    Hummy, Watercolor Painting by Artist, Betty Glass.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.

    Yankee and Sugar, Watercolor Painting by Artist, Betty Glass
    memorializing the life of her beloved friends.
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass.

    Yankee (5-17-80 --- 4-20-94)
    the larger white and orange Brittany on the right,
    and Sugar (7-20-90 --- 12-24-04)
    the smaller Brittany on the left.
    "Beloved Friends and Forever in our hearts!"
    Loyal Friends, Inspiration and Companions
    to Artist, Betty Glass and her family.
    (Special thanks to husband, James Glass
    for his technical computer assistance
    with digital photography formating of Betty Glass Artwork.)
    Photo copyright and courtesy of Betty and James Glass


    Enilde Van Hook, Writer's Notes:
    I met Betty Glass through the Monrovia Association of Fine arts in 2006. We were showing together at the Focus One Gallery on Huntington Drive in Monrovia, California. When Betty came into the gallery, she was toting her adorable poodle named Lulu. I was charmed immediately and I just had to have a photo of this beautiful female pooch with a twinkle in her eye and the gumption to come into an art gallery where only humans gathered. This little poodle had no clue there was any difference between her and her owner, and she acted like she was looking at the art just like everyone else. At the time, I considered this a very cultured poodle and I told Betty so. Betty giggled and let me take her snapshot with Lulu and then we did not see each other again until we had another show together, also at Focus One Gallery two years later in December of 2008. When I saw Betty this time, I saw the connection of her artwork and the love of her animals come through her work and later, she agreed to participate in the interview for my blog. You may enjoy Betty Glass's artwork by visiting her website at www.bhglassart.com

    Betty H. Glass
    Artist Statement about Animal Art

    Through art we communicate our feelings and thoughts.
    Our art reflects what experiences in life have influenced us.
    I have had a lifetime of pets
    ranging from goldfish, parakeets, and turtles and, of course,
    the loyal dog—always your friend even when the sky seems to be falling.
    I am still sketching and painting animals, birds, and fish.
    The softness of their fur, the texture of their feathers and fins,
    the variations of color are very appealing to me,
    because color is part of my artistic signature.
    Sometimes they are presented in a realistic fashion.

    Other times I use animals in a more stylized way—
    using their shapes as patterns, semi-abstracting them and their background.
    For example, my painting Trojan Horses shows flattened stylized figures of horses.
    Hopefully artistically pleasing and calling to mind ancient Greece.


              interview with guenter schlienz        


    Guenter Schlienz (Stuttgart, Germany) is known for his vast catalogue of tape & cdr releases on different great labels around the world – Sacred Phrases, SicSic, Goldtimers, Constellation Tatsu, etc. He is the man behind wonderful Cosmic Winnetou label, releasing all kinds of experimental/drone/ambient artists — maybe not as frequently as we'd like, but each time pleasing the taste of any tape music geek. Creating his minimalist compositions by means of d.i.y modular synths, tape loops and field recordings, Guenter achieves the serenity of classic ambient works, while keeping the vibe of 70s kosmische musik (think Cluster or Harmonia) and sometimes reaches the territories of academic minimalism, exploring the sound as ding an sich, inspiring the listener to invent its own narrative. Being part of Navel band since mid 90s, Guenter's place in music world has a long, but still almost unknown story which continues nowadays with further explorations of all kinds of ambient music.

    ~~~

    Pied Paper: First of all, I'm curious about how it all started for you — ambient music, synth building, tape releases, etc. I know that you were involved in many other projects before, call you tell a bit about them too?

    GS: phew, where did it all started… definitely many many moons ago. was active mid till end 90s in some heavy stoner psychedelic rock band. was the guy responsible for producing some "far out sounds" with his guitar and some delay pedal. so there already was this drone element in what i did. but far from recognizing it as this for myself. bit later during the same decade i did a session with a guy who did guitar and singing for another noise rock outfit. we just fiddled around with our guitars and with every pedal we could get our hands on. we recorded our very first session with some broken 4track and quite liked the results. after presenting the finished cdr people came back and reported "this is quite cool drone music". so yep, that's how we learned the name of this style. and after having the name we were able to dig deeper and learned names like Stars of the Lid, Flying Saucer Attack, Brian Eno etc pp. this guitar drone project of us is called Navel and we are still recording and doing live shows.

    beginning of the 00's i quit doing this rock band stuff, so there was plenty time to do some other things. after getting introduced to all this amazing kraut and kosmische musik (during a navel live show in france by an english man, but that's another story) there was the idea to do some kind of electronic music solo. so i needed an instrument, and after bit of research i discovered that the schematics for some modular synthesizer would be something i could manage with the training in electronics i already had. so i started soldering, first quite simple filters, later more and more sophisticated modules.

    the tapes, yep, fast forward to the end of last decade. stumbled over this tape scene thing by accident via the internet (god bless it). those days i was pretty frustrated and bored by the music all the labels and magazines i knew presented, so this occurred to me like a big relief. yes. so many people and projects and bands and labels are doing fantastic stuff, exactly the music i love, right at the moment, and sell it for very low money to people all around the world. yes! couldn't belief my eyes. that the favorite medium of all those labels and projects were cassettes don't really bothered me (of course i had this "ugh? on tape? strange…" moment like everybody else i guess), because i never really stopped using this media since my early childhood days.

    I like to dramatize a bit some things some times, but this discovery of the tape label scene kind of saved my artistic live. it gave me so much energy and confirmation and countless hours of joy during listening sessions that i got the feeling that i have to give something back. hence i started my own tape label.


    Pied Paper: Your music sounds almost academic sometimes, especially works as Organ Studies, Loop Studies and Furniture Sounds — which, as I understand is a homage to Eric Satie. But your name is strongly associated with "underground tape scene", as we call it. Did you ever thought about making your music open for the interpretations, to write it down on a paper maybe, letting the others perform it?

    GS: huh, not sure if i my music sounds bit like academic music. for sure i'm quite interested in this genre, mean contemporary composers with "classical" musical education composing pieces for concert halls and operas and stuff. like their approach to their art through quite rigid concepts, their huge knowledge about musical structures and about music of many centuries and cultures. perhaps you see my enthusiasm for their rigidness shining through my stuff? that would be a compliment for sure, at least in my opinion. and of course, if there would be a small ensemble crazy enough to perform it, i would love to write a score for them (though not sure if i would like to conduct it). but i guess your name must be some lou reed or some other in the same league to be honored like this. actually i'm pretty sure that many of those academic contemporary composers would be happily release their stuff on tape if they would only know this special scene around it.


    Pied Paper: It's clear that ambient music is a wide field for interpretation, same sound can be perceived in different ways depending on the artwork, liner notes, track titles, etc. Can you tell something about your own perception of your music? Does it have some stories within, or it's just abstract form which everyone can fill with its own meaning?

    as you see in the answer of the last question i like some kind of concept around the music. and if this concept even gets its visual equal with the artwork i'm more than happy. so of course, there is a story in every piece. but hey, its music, its a form of art, so who am i to dictate what some listener and spectator wants to see in it? isn't it the very meaning of any art, that the consumer of it knits his very personal meaning to it?

    actually i am not able to describe what i hear in my music anyway. for me the answer to this question would lead to some kind of poem, some painting, some huge novel, some dance or any other arty abstraction. in none of the mentioned techniques 'm very good at, so please, listen to the music.


    Pied Paper: Imagine a situation when you someone asks you to create music with specific mood, theme, etc. — like for a movie scene or something — would it be easy for you? What you enjoy more - improvisation or composition?

    already did this, i mean creating some music for a specific use (to earn some money), and hey, that is pretty hard work (and hard earned money)! to create some music without some customers needs to be satisfied, just the personal ones, isn't really easy to do as well, but much more gratifying for the soul. its an privilege to be able to do this, and i have a (pretty time consuming) bread and butter job to create the circumstances to fulfill it.

    can't really separate those strategies during my performances, both live and during my recording sessions. its always a mixture of plan and being ready to include some coincidences respectively enlightenments. actually my believe is, gained through many observations and talks about such things, that nearly every work in which i am interested in is created this way.


    Pied Paper: I know that you enjoy recording outdoor, do you have any specific set-up for this?

    not really specific, the equipment just have to have some possibility to work battery driven. luckily my modulars fall into this category. just to improve the handling of such adventure i have build my modulars as small and compact as possible, and since a couple of months a work on some modules who will be included into some water proofed case.


    Pied Paper: Probably you've noticed that releases of first wave of cassette drone/ambient in 2009-11 was mostly lo-fi and many of same artists still doing tapes nowadays came to much cleared and well-produced sound - is that natural growth or trying to be more "mainstream"?

    yes, i'm aware of this development as well. i think it just was some other group of people with bit different background which had been running those labels you' mention. In those early days of the reemerging of this medium the leading actors had had mostly a background in the noise scene. hence the tape as favorite medium, hence the cheap and ugly aesthetics of the chosen instruments. these different (don't like to ad some other evaluative adjective) sounding tapes of lately are from people without this background, they just take over the torch and work with it out of their musical socialization. so in my opinion it is either "natural growth", this sounds like some kind of improvement who isn't any need for, nor a try to reach broader audiences. the good stuff of recently is produced by people who are just as true to their own style as their ancestors had been, and therefore it is as important and equal beautiful as the old stuff.


    Pied Paper: As a label owner, can you tell how many demos you receive? Which kind of styles you receive most? I'm asking because it seems that ambient/psych/drone music isn't that popular anymore - I see tons of vaporwave/webpunk tapes at new-born labels, while such imprints as Stunned, Tranquility tapes, Goldtimers are long gone (or maybe it's just old man's talk, huh).

    yes, and i'm very happy about it, i receive quite a lot of demos. always love to get some new sounds for my ears. mostly the artists are very good informed about the style of the music i usually release and about the aesthetics i'm interested in. perhaps you are right, there are less people out there which do their own style of ambient/psych/drone as perhaps eight years ago, but i'm not sure about that. and as i stated in the last paragraph i think those vaporwave labels and the like took the torch of the cassette celebration and run with it their own way. and this is a good thing. who needs the 16th or whatever version of the emeralds (insert here the name of your favorite release of those years)? isn't this exactly what have happened with pop and rock music and what makes this stuff sometimes unbearable to listen to?


    Pied Paper: And what are your plans for the Cosmic Winnetou in the foreseeable future?

    prepare my next batch right now which will be released in a couple of weeks. but after this 13th cosmic winnetou bundle of cassettes i will need a hiatus, unfortunately. i love to do the label work, but it is very time consuming. have lots of projects for this year, music and private stuff, so i have to pull the brakes to this project for this year. but really looking forward to restart the tape label with new ideas and energies end of this year.


    Pied Paper: Do you ever think about future of music? Is it possible to invent something new, or we are doomed to retro-mania, returning to same tunes from different angles?

    of course there will some day somebody release some music which haven't been heard before and will blow all of us completely into the void. don't know which day this will happen, but i'm pretty sure someday it will. just look around, not only the music is stuck into retro mode. clothing, hair style, performing arts, pictorial arts, industrial design, i think that in our days nearly every form of artefacts are done with quite old ideas, just a few new kind of tools here and there. the whole mood, you can call it "zeitgeist" if you like, is like "let's try to preserve what we have", not "perhaps this is a better idea for the future, let's work on it". in my opinion everything is linked together somehow, and we have this retro mania since the 90s, starting with this global change of the modus vivendi. but nothing is forever, so i'm sure this will change someday. these thoughts are just my 50cents about a very complex question. but yeah, i think about this, and love to exchange ideas about this kind of topic.


    Pied Paper: Humans already sent some music with space probes - which titles would you choose for such mission? I know you won't choose Wagner, huh :)

    really nice question, this is. indeed already thought about that, and i think the nasa did a quite good job with the "golden record" for the voyager mission. very good selection which shows how wonderfully diverse sounds humans are able to produce, and each and all of them aim at the listeners heart. but always wondered if it would be perhaps a good idea to send some field recordings of this strange planet into the void, and f so, which i would chose.

    some people laughing, some people fighting, a mother singing her baby to sleep, the audience at a soccer game, a sundown at the shore of a calm sea with waves and cicades and everything? what else?


    Pied Paper: Okay, that's it — you can send high fives here or add something if needed! Thank you!

    hey, high five to you and many thanks for those questions! took my a while to type the answers, because you found some topics and ideas i love to share my thoughts on it. and of course many thanks for your support!

    perhaps i would like to ad a big "thank you" to all the readers of those lines, time is precious and i'm happy that you waste it reading them. and a big "thank you" to all the people who listen to my music and perhaps even bought the cassettes and cds and vinyls with my music on it. to know that somebody out there cares about my music means a lot to me. hugs.

    guenterschlienz.de

    selected albums:
    guenter's bandcamp
    sterne uber der stadt
    organ studies
    tape studies
    autumn



              White Monkey bar by Ippolito Fleitz Group, Stuttgart – Germany        
    With "White Monkey Pizza Lab & Bar", we turn the current idea of a pizzeria upside down. The simple dish pizza is transported into the 21st century with unusual combinations and the square shape.
              LOCAL EN ALQUILER en Inmomap        
    15000
    Alquiler de Lote en La Matanza-San Justo .Publicado por Germano Inmobiliaria a traves de Inmomap en VLopezInmuebles
    30 m² 500 $/m²
    Thu, 10 Aug 2017 07:26:41 -0400
              Unicorn Box        

    Hi Everyone! Unicorns are still a hot trend, I create a couple of boxes using a box die from eBay papers from the collage: Magical Papers stamps from Michael's and embellishments from my stash.

    Hola a tod@s! algo que sigue muy de moda son los unicornios, hace unos dias hice estas cajitas usando un suaje de eBay papeles del colage: Magical Papers sellos de Michael's y adornos varios.

    I use a pin with pearls for the unicorn horn, I painted in gold and added German glass glitter. These are very easy to make and they look so cute!

    para el cuerno de unicornio use un alfiler con perlas y lo pinte en dorado, despues lo cubri con  German glass glitter. La verdad es que estas cajitas son muy faciles de hacer y lucen mucho!



    Next a Birthday card using paper scraps, embossing folder, and embellishments from my stash.

    A continuacion una tarjeta de cumpleaños usando recortes de papel y un folder de embossing, adornos varios.

    Another card created with lots of paper/fabric scraps and pieces of things I found on my table. the stamps is a very old one from Hero Arts, love that sentiment.

    Otra tarjeta hecha con recortes de papel y tela y con pedacitos de cosas que encontre en mi mesa, el sello es uno muy viejito de Hero Arts pero me gusta mucho el sentimiento.


     And last a set of tag and burlap bag, created again using most of my paper scraps, wish I could find a way to sort and organize them, I have lots, any idea you could share how to organize all those little paper scraps?

    Y por ultimo un set de etiqueta y bolsita de yute, de nuevo use solo recortes de papel, me gustaria encontrar un metodo efectivo para organizar todos esos recortes, alguna idea que puedan compartir de como ustedes organizan esos pedacitos de papel?

    Thank you so much for stop by my blog today will be back with more !!!

    Gracias por visitar mi blog el dia de hoy, regresare con mas muy pronto!!!
              Follow The Rainbow        
    Hello! hope you're enjoying this Friday! sharing with you a few things today, I create a cute baby mini tag album, chipboard was painted and distressed then I cover with paper and images, I decorated with all my favorite elements: seam binding, lace, flowers, buttons etc... some of the images can be found here:Baby Tickets, Darling Baby.

    Hola! espero que esten disfrutando este Viernes! hoy quiero compartir algunos proyectos, primero este mini tag album de bebe, pinte el chipboard y pase un poco de tinta distress en los lados, despues cubri con imagenes y papel, decore con mis elementos favoritos: seam binding, encaje, flores, botones etc... algunas de esas imagenes las pueden encontrar aqui:Baby TicketsDarling Baby.







    Next a card created using the collage Magical Unicorn, I printed a cloud from the Digital Stamp sheet in watercolor paper and painted in blue, the stamp is from Recollections and I use some dies to create the rainbow. I added some German glass glitter on the unicorn.

    A continuacion una tarjeta creada usando el colage Magical Unicorn, imprimi una nube de la hoja de estos sellos digitales: Digital Stamp sheet en papel para acuarela y la pinte en color azul, el sello es de Recollections y use unos suajes para hacer el arcoiris. Pegue un poco de German glass glitter en el unicornio.



    And last a lovely set of tags created with paper scraps and cardstock, I use chipboard hearts, tea stained twill tape, lace and flowers. Stamps from PTI. Pink paper from: Amore Backgrounds

    Por ultimo un set de etiquetas creada con recortes de  papel y cardstock, use corazones de chipboard, twill tape teñido, encaje y flores. Sellos de PTI. Papel rosa de: Amore Backgrounds


     Thank you so much for taking the time to visit my blog, have a great weekend!

    Muchas gracias por visitar mi blog que tengan un bello fin de semana!


              Very Merry        
    Hello everyone! I will show you a few projects today, these are not new, I create them a few weeks ago but I hope you like them. First a set of tags made from cardstock and images from the collage Antique Christmas. 

    Hola a tod@s! Hoy les mostrare algunos proyectos que hice hace algunas semanas. Primero este set de tags, de hecho hice una  transmision en vivo por FB cuando hice estas tags y algunas chicas me acompañaron. Para este proyecto use imagenes del colage Antique Christmas. 
    For the wreath I use a product called flower soft in color Christmas Green, I like it because of the texture and I loved the result in this project. The chipboard numbers are from my stash, the snowflake was made from cardstock with a Martha Stewart punch then I just covered it with German glass glitter.

    Use para la corona un  producto que se llama flower soft en color Christmas Green, Me gusta la textura y realmente el resultado me encanto en este proyecto. Los numeros de chipboard ya los tenia desde hace tiempo y el copo de nieve es hecho con una perforadora de Martha Stewart, solo lo cubri con German glass glitter.


    Next a fun project created with the WRMK pillow box punch board, I got it a while back and I just open it, I made a few pillow boxes using paper scraps and some images from my digital collages. Stamps from Papertrey Ink.

    A continuacion unas cajitas "pillow box"  hechas con la tabla/punch del mismo nombre de WRMK la compre ya hace tiempo y apenas la abri, hice varias de estas pillow boxes usando recortes de papel y algunas imagenes de mis collages digitales. Sellos de Papertrey Ink.




    And last a tag album using several paper scraps,  and images from the collages: Antique Tags No. 2, Romantic Rose, Vintage Clock .Stamp from MSE!  dies from spellbinders and Papertrey Ink

    Y por ultimo un tag album usando varios recortes de papel e images de los collages: Antique Tags No. 2Romantic RoseVintage Clock Sellos de MSE!  suajes de spellbinders y Papertrey Ink



    And I want to share with you that I have a sale going at my Etsy store all December, just enter code DEC25 and get 25% off entire store! have a great day :) 

    Y quiero compartir con ustedes que tendre un descuento en mi tienda Etsy durante todo Diciembre ! solo usa el codigo DEC25 y obten un 25%  de descuento en toda la tienda! que tengan un bello dia :) 


              Home-made Cultured Butter!        
    I am so excited, I can hardly contain myself. OK, I'm a nerd, I admit it. Shoot me.

    I made cultured butter that is every bit as good as the organic stuff from Quebec which I purchase at my specialty grocery for $6 a cup or so. I don't normally eat bread, but I had to toast a tiny mini-bagel just to try out this butter. It was scrumptious.

    So, what's special about this butter and what makes it cultured? Surely anybody can beat up on some poor defenceless cream. To quote the inimitable Dorothy Parker, you can lead a horticulture but you can't make her think.
    Ahem. I think I'm still a little giddy.

    OK, so the cultured part comes from the lovely milk kefir grains I was enthusing about the other day. I put them in a jar with some local organic heavy cream and let them work their magic overnight. In the morning I found the most amazingly thick kefir you can imagine. I had to dig the grains out with a spoon, but they seem to have survived the experience.

    I put this extra-thick kefir in a bowl, started up my trusty hand-mixer (for lack of a true churn ... maybe someday) and watched more magic unfold. It took a long time, and I had to stop to let the mixer motor cool down once or twice. But in the end, my cultured cream mysteriously separated itself into globs of beautiful yellow butter floating in buttermilk. I squished them together with my hands and put the whole thing in a bowl of ice water (brrr). Rinsing and massaging my butter into a malleable form, it took shape before my eyes. Such a beautiful thing.

    Now looking for a good use for my cultured buttermilk ... I will probably make quark or some variant of creme fraiche. Other suggestions are welcome!
              Thought for food.        
    Like eating brains? I know you do. Why not add some new dishes to your collection of recipes that use the "fifth quarter?" Despite some negative cultural stereotypes, the practice of eating brains is common in cultures all over the world: Kat-a-Kat is a traditional Pakistani dish containing brains Maghaz Masala is an Arabic course Here is a recipe for Toscano calf brains In France they are known as Cerveaux Chef Mario Batali's restaurant Babbo serves a popular lamb's brains ravioli Sesos in Mexico Some great recipes for Spanish Tortilla Sacromonte Fried brain sandwiches can be found in St. Louis and the Ohio River Valley Australian Slippery Bob This recipe for carpetbag steak would be great with some brains subbed for the oysters Here is an ancient Roman recipe for calf's brains custard German brain soup and brains au gratin Croquettes Lebanese, Syrian and Jordanian recipe for brain omelets Vegan Mock Brains You may be wondering if eating brains is entirely safe. Besides being high in cholesterol, the brain is the main area where prions known to cause transmissible spongiform encephalopathy congregate in the body. In cows it's called Mad Cow disease (Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy), Scrapie in sheep, and Chronic Wasting Disease in deer and other wild game. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and Kuru are two forms of spongiform encephalopathy in humans. Kuru was intensely studied among the Fore tribe of Papua New Guinea from the 1950's to the 70's and it was determined that the high instances of it in the tribe were due to their ritual endocannibalistic funeral practices. It has been posited recently that a resistance to prionic diseases may have been selected for in our ancestors, suggesting that cannibalism was not uncommon. Also of interest to cephalovores may be the effects of aerosolizing pork brains and inhaling them, as were recently demonstrated in a pork plant in Austin, MN.
              Bluetooth Smart Watch Phone Mate IPS Touch screen        
    Language:English, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, Dutch, Russian, Polish, Turkish, Hebrew Size: 50*42.3*12.3mm Weight: N.W: 73g(with battery), G.W: 220g Platform: MT6260A CPU: ARM7 533MHz O.S.: Nucleus system Storage: Build-in Memory: R
              The travesty that is Australia's asylum seeker offshore detention policy -"If they had arrived by airplane and with a tourist visa then they would be here."         

    It seems the truth will out.

    After the United States completes its vetting of asylum seekers held in overseas detention by the Australian Government it is not obliged to take even one of those individuals U.S. immigration officials have examined.

    In May 2017 the Department of Immigration and Border Protection confirmed 268 people had completed their second-stage security interview with US officials: 220 in Nauru and 48 on Manus Island.

    U.S. immigration officials halted screening interviews and departed Nauru on 14 July 2017, two weeks short of their scheduled timetable and a day after Washington said the US had reached its annual refugee intake cap.

    However, under the original agreement once that vetting is completed Australia becomes obliged to resettle between 20 and 50 people under a U.S. "Protection Transfer Arrangement" in Costa Rica set up to resettle refugees from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala.

    Prime Minister Turnbull verbally changed that undertaking to an open-ended number of people the Trump Administration might be “very keen on getting out of the United States”.

    There is no indication that the U.S. Government intends to complete its vetting of those detained on Nauru and Manus islands.

    The Washington Post, 3 August 2017:

    The Washington Post has obtained transcripts of two conversations President Trump had with foreign leaders: one with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto and another with Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull.
    The transcripts were prepared by the White House but have not been released. The Post is publishing reproductions rather than original documents in order to protect sources. The reproductions below also include minor spelling and grammatical mistakes that appeared in the documents………………


    JANUARY 28, 2017 FROM 5:05 TO 5:29 P.M. EST.

    TURNBULL
    Good evening.

    TRUMP
    Mr. Prime Minister, how are you?

    TURNBULL
    I am doing very well.

    TRUMP
    And I guess our friend Greg Norman, he is doing very well?

    TURNBULL
    He is a great mutual friend yes.

    TRUMP
    Well you say hello to him. He is a very good friend. By the way thank you very much for taking the call. I really appreciate it. It is really nice.

    TURNBULL
    Thank you very much. Everything is going very well. I want to congratulate you and Mike Pence on being sworn in now. I have spoken to you both now as you know. I know we are both looking to make our relationship which is very strong and intimate, stronger than ever – which I believe we can do.

    TRUMP
    Good.

    TURNBULL
    I believe you and I have similar backgrounds, unusual for politicians, more businessman but I look forward to working together.

    TRUMP
    That is exactly right. We do have similar backgrounds and it seems to be working in this climate – it is a crazy climate. Let me tell you this, it is an evil time but it is a complex time because we do not have uniforms standing in front of us. Instead, we have people in disguise. It is brutal. This ISIS thing â€“ it is something we are going to devote a lot of energy to it. I think we are going to be very successful.

    TURNBULL
    Absolutely. We have, as you know, taken a very strong line on national security and border protection here and when I was speaking with Jared Kushner just the other day and one of your immigration advisors in the White House we reflected on how our policies have helped to inform your approach. We are very much of the same mind. It is very interesting to know how you prioritize the minorities in your Executive Order. This is exactly what we have done with the program to bring in 12,000 Syrian refugees, 90% of which will be Christians. It will be quite deliberate and the position I have taken – I have been very open about it – is that it is a tragic fact of life that when the situation in the Middle East settles down – the people that are going to be most unlikely to have a continuing home are those Christian minorities. We have seen that in Iraq and so from our point of view, as a final destination for refugees, that is why we prioritize. It is not a sectarian thing. It is recognition of the practical political realities. We have a similar perspective in that respect.

    TRUMP
    Do you know four years ago Malcom, I was with a man who does this for a living. He was telling me, before the migration, that if you were a Christian from Syria, you had no chance of coming to the United States. Zero. They were the ones being persecuted. When I say persecuted, I mean their heads were being chopped off. If you were a Muslim we have nothing against Muslims, but if you were a Muslim you were not persecuted at least to the extent – but if you were a Muslim from Syria that was the number one place to get into the United States from. That was the easiest thing. But if you were a Christian from Syria you have no chance of getting into the United States. I just thought it was an incredible statistic. Totally true – and you have seen the same thing. It is incredible.

    TURNBULL
    Well, yes. Mr. President, can I return to the issue of the resettlement agreement that we had with the Obama administration with respect to some people on Nauru and Manus Island. I have written to you about this and Mike Pence and General Flynn spoke with Julie Bishop and my National Security Advisor yesterday. This is a very big issue for us, particularly domestically, and I do understand you are inclined to a different point of view than the Vice President.

    TRUMP
    Well, actually I just called for a total ban on Syria and from many different countries from where there is terror, and extreme vetting for everyone else – and somebody told me yesterday that close to 2,000 people are coming who are really probably troublesome. And I am saying, boy that will make us look awfully bad. Here I am calling for a ban where I am not letting anybody in and we take 2,000 people. Really it looks like 2,000 people that Australia does not want and I do not blame you by the way, but the United States has become like a dumping ground. You know Malcom, anybody that has a problem – you remember the Mariel boat lift, where Castro let everyone out of prison and Jimmy Carter accepted them with open arms. These were brutal people. Nobody said Castro was stupid, but now what are we talking about is 2,000 people that are actually imprisoned and that would actually come into the United States. I heard about this – I have to say I love Australia; I love the people of Australia. I have so many friends from Australia, but I said – geez that is a big ask, especially in light of the fact that we are so heavily in favor, not in favor, but we have no choice but to stop things. We have to stop. We have allowed so many people into our country that should not be here. We have our San Bernardino’s, we have had the World Trade Center come down because of people that should not have been in our country, and now we are supposed to take 2,000. It sends such a bad signal. You have no idea. It is such a bad thing.

    TURNBULL
    Can you hear me out Mr. President?

    TRUMP
    Yeah, go ahead.

    TURNBULL
    Yes, the agreement, which the Vice President just called the Foreign Minister about less than 24 hours ago and said your Administration would be continuing, does not require you to take 2,000 people. It does not require you to take any. It requires, in return, for us to do a number of things for the United States – this is a big deal, I think we should respect deals.

    TRUMP
    Who made the deal? Obama?

    TURNBULL
    Yes, but let me describe what it is. I think it is quite consistent. I think you can comply with it. It is absolutely consistent with your Executive Order so please just hear me out. The obligation is for the United States to look and examine and take up to and only if they so choose – 1,250 to 2,000. Every individual is subject to your vetting. You can decide to take them or to not take them after vetting. You can decide to take 1,000 or 100. It is entirely up to you. The obligation is to only go through the process. So that is the first thing. Secondly, the people — none of these people are from the conflict zone. They are basically economic refugees from Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan. That is the vast bulk of them. They have been under our supervision for over three years now and we know exactly everything about them.

    TRUMP
    Why haven’t you let them out? Why have you not let them into your society?

    TURNBULL
    Okay, I will explain why. It is not because they are bad people. It is because in order to stop people smugglers, we had to deprive them of the product. So we said if you try to come to Australia by boat, even if we think you are the best person in the world, even if you are a Noble [sic] Prize winning genius, we will not let you in. Because the problem with the people —

    TRUMP
    That is a good idea. We should do that too. You are worse than I am.

    TURNBULL
    This is our experience.

    TRUMP
    Because you do not want to destroy your country. Look at what has happened in Germany. Look at what is happening in these countries. These people are crazy to let this happen. I spoke to Merkel today, and believe me, she wishes she did not do it. Germany is a mess because of what happened.

    TURNBULL
    I agree with you, letting one million Syrians walk into their country. It was one of the big factors in the Brexit vote, frankly.

    TRUMP
    Well, there could be two million people coming in Germany. Two million people. Can you believe it? It will never be the same.

    TURNBULL
    stood up at the UN in September and set up what our immigration policy was. I said that you cannot maintain popular support for immigration policy, multiculturalism, unless you can control your borders. The bottom line is that we got here. I am asking you as a very good friend. This is a big deal. It is really, really important to us that we maintain it. It does not oblige you to take one person that you do not want. As I have said, your homeland officials have visited and they have already interviewed these people. You can decide. It is at your discretion. So you have the wording in the Executive Order that enables the Secretary of Homeland Security and the Secretary of State to admit people on a case by case basis in order to conform with an existing agreement. I do believe that you will never find a better friend to the United States than Australia. I say this to you sincerely that it is in the mutual interest of the United States to say, “yes, we can conform with that deal – we are not obliged to take anybody we do not want, we will go through extreme vetting” and that way you are seen to show the respect that a trusted ally wants and deserves. We will then hold up our end of the bargain by taking in our country 31 [inaudible] that you need to move on from.

    TRUMP
    Malcom [sic], why is this so important? I do not understand. This is going to kill me. I am the world’s greatest person that does not want to let people into the country. And now I am agreeing to take 2,000 people and I agree I can vet them, but that puts me in a bad position. It makes me look so bad and I have only been here a week.

    TURNBULL
    With great respect, that is not right – It is not 2,000.

    TRUMP
    Well, it is close. I have also heard like 5,000 as well.

    TURNBULL
    The given number in the agreement is 1,250 and it is entirely a matter of your vetting. I think that what you could say is that the Australian government is consistent with the principles set out in the Executive Order.

    TRUMP
    No, I do not want say that. I will just have to say that unfortunately I will have to live with what was said by Obama. I will say I hate it. Look, I spoke to Putin, Merkel, Abe of Japan, to France today, and this was my most unpleasant call because I will be honest with you. I hate taking these people. I guarantee you they are bad. That is why they are in prison right now. They are not going to be wonderful people who go on to work for the local milk people.

    TURNBULL
    I would not be so sure about that. They are basically —

    TRUMP
    Well, maybe you should let them out of prison. I am doing this because Obama made a bad deal. I am not doing this because it fits into my Executive Order. I am taking 2,000 people from Australia who are in prison and the day before I signed an Executive Order saying that we are not taking anybody in. We are not taking anybody in, those days are over.

    TURNBULL
    But can I say to you, there is nothing more important in business or politics than a deal is a deal. Look, you and I have a lot of mutual friends.
    Look, I do not know how you got them to sign a deal like this, but that is how they lost the election. They said I had no way to 270 and I got 306. That is why they lost the election, because of stupid deals like this. You have brokered many a stupid deal in business and I respect you, but I guarantee that you broke many a stupid deal. This is a stupid deal. This deal will make me look terrible.

    TURNBULL
    Mr. President, I think this will make you look like a man who stands by the commitments of the United States. It shows that you are a committed —

    TRUMP
    Okay, this shows me to be a dope. I am not like this but, if I have to do it, I will do it but I do not like this at all. I will be honest with you. Not even a little bit. I think it is ridiculous and Obama should have never signed it. The only reason I will take them is because I have to honor a deal signed by my predecessor and it was a rotten deal. I say that it was a stupid deal like all the other deals that this country signed. You have to see what I am doing. I am unlocking deals that were made by people, these people were incompetent. I am not going to say that it fits within the realm of my Executive Order. We are going to allow 2,000 prisoners to come into our country and it is within the realm of my Executive Order? If that is the case my Executive Order does not mean anything Malcom [sic]. I look like a dope. The only way that I can do this is to say that my predecessor made a deal and I have no option then to honor the deal. I hate having to do it, but I am still going to vet them very closely. Suppose I vet them closely and I do not take any?

    TURNBULL
    That is the point I have been trying to make.

    TRUMP
    How does that help you?

    TURNBULL
    Well, we assume that we will act in good faith.

    TRUMP
    Does anybody know who these people are? Who are they? Where do they come from? Are they going to become the Boston bomber in five years? Or two years? Who are these people?

    TURNBULL
    Let me explain. We know exactly who they are. They have been on Nauru or Manus for over three years and the only reason we cannot let them into Australia is because of our commitment to not allow people to come by boat. Otherwise we would have let them in. If they had arrived by airplane and with a tourist visa then they would be here.

    TRUMP
    Malcom [sic], but they are arrived on a boat?

    TURNBULL
    Correct, we have stopped the boats.

    TRUMP
    Give them to the United States. We are like a dumping ground for the rest of the world. I have been here for a period of time, I just want this to stop. I look so foolish doing this. It [sic] know it is good for you but it is bad for me. It is horrible for me. This is what I am trying to stop. I do not want to have more San Bernardino’s or World Trade Centers. I could name 30 others, but I do not have enough time.

    TURNBULL
    These guys are not in that league. They are economic refugees.

    TRUMP
    Okay, good. Can Australia give me a guarantee that if we have any problems – you know that is what they said about the Boston bombers. They said they were wonderful young men.

    TURNBULL
    They were Russians. They were not from any of these countries.

    TRUMP
    They were from wherever they were.

    TURNBULL
    Please, if we can agree to stick to the deal, you have complete discretion in terms of a security assessment. The numbers are not 2,000 but 1,250 to start. Basically, we are taking people from the previous administration that they were very keen on getting out of the United States. We will take more. We will take anyone that you want us to take. The only people that we do not take are people who come by boat. So we would rather take a not very attractive guy that help you out then to take a Noble [sic] Peace Prize winner that comes by boat. That is the point.

    TRUMP
    What is the thing with boats? Why do you discriminate against boats? No, I know, they come from certain regions. I get it.

    TURNBULL
    No, let me explain why. The problem with the boats it that you are basically outsourcing your immigration program to people smugglers and also you get thousands of people drowning at sea. So what we say is, we will decide which people get to come to Australia who are refugees, economic migrants, businessmen, whatever. We decide. That is our decision. We are a generous multicultural immigration nation like the United States but the government decides, the people’s representatives decides. So that is the point. I am a highly transactional businessman like you and I know the deal has to work for both sides. Now Obama thought this deal worked for him and he drove a hard bargain with us – that it was agreed with Obama more than a year ago in the Oval Office, long before the election. The principles of the deal were agreed to.

    TRUMP
    I do not know what he got out of it. We never get anything out of it – START Treaty, the Iran deal. I do not know where they find these people to make these stupid deals. I am going to get killed on this thing.

    TURNBULL
    You will not.

    TRUMP
    Yes, I will be seen as a weak and ineffective leader in my first week by these people. This is a killer.

    TURNBULL
    You can certainly say that it was not a deal that you would have done, but you are going to stick with it.

    TRUMP
    I have no choice to say that about it. Malcom [sic], I am going to say that I have no choice but to honor my predecessor’s deal. I think it is a horrible deal, a disgusting deal that I would have never made. It is an embarrassment to the United States of America and you can say it just the way I said it. I will say it just that way. As far as I am concerned that is enough Malcom [sic]I have had it. I have been making these calls all day and this is the most unpleasant call all day. Putin was a pleasant call. This is ridiculous.

    TURNBULL
    Do you want to talk about Syria and DPRK?

    TRUMP
    [inaudible] this is crazy.

    TURNBULL
    Thank you for your commitment. It is very important to us.

    TRUMP
    It is important to you and it is embarrassing to me. It is an embarrassment to me, but at least I got you off the hook. So you put me back on the hook.

    TURNBULL
    You can count on me. I will be there again and again.

    TRUMP
    I hope so. Okay, thank you Malcolm.

    TURNBULL
    Okay, thank you.
    END OF CALL

    * My yellow highlighting.

              Osborne's attempt to discredit Robin Hood Tax is a bit rich        
    George Osborne has complained to his fellow European finance ministers that they're wasting time debating a financial transaction tax because he believes pensioners will pay for it rather than bankers.

    Good to see our Chancellor fighting the cause for pensioners. He's always got their interests at heart. Like when he changed the rate of indexation from RPI to CPI costing pensioners on average between £2,250 and £2,500 per year and wiping off £75 billion off the value of private sector pensions. Not to mention the millions of public sector workers his government are currently seeking to make work longer and pay more for less pension.

    It is somewhat galling therefore that he seeks to reject a progressive tax that would raise £30bn to fight poverty by painting himself as some kind of defender of pensioners.

    He doesn't see the point of discussing it as it will not be unilaterally agreed. He ignores a report by Bill Gates that cites that the tax would work even if it wasn't agreed by all countries. He ignores faith leaders such as the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Pope and Desmond Tutu, and he ignores a global movement of more than 220 million people who are calling for it to help the world's poor and allow the banks to atone for creating the current financial crisis.

    France, Germany and Brazil among others can hold their heads up high in the knowledge that their government's back this tax. I for one am ashamed that my government doesn't just not support it, but out-rightly seeks to disingenuously undermine it.

    Again, Osborne is out to protect the interests of the wealthy few rather than the millions suffering from poverty.

    The Robin Hood Tax campaign does a good job of refuting Osborne's bias against the tax on their website.



              CastleStorm 2013 Steam Rip MULTi10 3DM        
    CastleStorm 2013 Steam
    CastleStorm 2013 Steam Rip MULTi10 3DM | 264.76 MB

    Information:
    Year of release : 2013
    Genre : Action, Indie, Strategy
    Developer : Zen Studios
    Publisher : Zen Studios
    Platform : PC
    Language : English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Hungarian, Japanese
    Sound language : English
    Publication Type : License
    Medicine : Present (3DM)

    Description:
    A mixture of real-time strategy and tower defence, in which the player builds their own lock and defends him from attacking enemies.

    System Requirements:
    √ Operating system: Windows XP / Windows Vista / Windows 7/Windows 8
    √ Processor: Dual Core CPU@2.00GHz
    √ Memory: 1 GB
    √ Hard drive space: 800 MB
    √ Sound device: compatible with DirectX 9.0c
    √ Video card: GeForce 8600 / Radeon HD 3670 / Intel HD 4000

    Download and Play!

    Screen:
    CastleStorm 2013 Steam Rip


              Pooch Profile: Shorty shares her life as an office dog and napping philosophy        
    Name: Shorty Eddison Nicknames: Shortstax, Shortskins, Nizzles … Age & Breed: Turing 6 on June 15, Husky / German Shepard mix Siblings: Snoop Eddison Tenure at Softchoice: I’m a real office dog. I’ve been here since I was just a 2 month old pup. That’s almost 6 years and counting!  Position: Current Senior Vice President […]
          

              In Search of Local Public Management Excellence - Seven Journeys to Success - by Julia Bosse, Alexander Heichlinger, Emanuele Padovani, Jan Ole Vanebo        

    A well-functioning local public sector is the cornerstone for prosperity and growth. Cities are being confronted by significant pressures and challenges, such as demographic change, an increasingly culturally diverse population, the impact of new technologies, social polarisation and segregation, urban sprawl, and environmental threats to the urban ecosystems. More importantly, the difficulties of the economic system are a reality for many local communities due to the dynamics of globalisation of economies. This exacerbates the well-known problem faced by local policymakers and managers of ‘doing more with less’.

    This book seeks to examine, compare and contrast seven European cities – Bilbao (ES), Birmingham (UK), Mannheim (DE), Milan (IT), Tallinn (EE), Tampere (FI), and Trondheim (NO) – which have proven their success in adopting creative and excellent solutions. This is done by combining a solid scientific approach of comparison, with a more practical examination of the cases (‘...the making of…’). It concludes by presenting seven steps leading to excellence.

    Each case is first analysed in terms of background, strategy development, ‘journey’, management control system and financial management, results, and innovation power (key drivers and enablers). These success stories from different areas of local public management – from comprehensive local business-change processes, to smaller and bottom-up projects – aim to show other cities that various routes to smart solutions are possible. The only thing left to find out is: are they ready to take on the challenge?

    Also available in Spanish and German


              Delegated & Implementing Acts - The New Comitology - by Alan Hardacre and Michael Kaeding        

    EIPA Essential Guide

    The guide starts with a short recap on why powers are delegated to the European Commission in the first place, and why it is increasingly important in European affairs – for all stakeholders interested in European policy-making. Then, we take a quick look at the ‘old’ comitology system to situate Articles 290 and 291 TFEU, and to understand the scale of the changes that have taken place. After that the guide directly addresses the two new legal bases and how they have been implemented. It starts with Article 290 on Delegated Acts, explaining what they are and how the new procedure will work in practise. After that it turns to Article 291, and the new Implementing Acts Regulation i.e. the new comitology procedures. To conclude, the guide outlines the major challenges and opportunities that stakeholders need to be aware of for the future. It is hoped that this practical guide will help anyone with an interest in Delegated and Implementing Acts to quickly appraise the changes and evaluate the impact this has for them – in an area which is considered by many as a new key battlefield in EU policy-making.

    This guide is available also in French and German.
              Lamborghini Said to be Planning Electric Supercar Based on Porsche Mission E        

    Lamborghini has been bitten by the electric car bug according to the German publication AutoBild, and will raid the Porsche Mission E battery electric car’s parts bin to build it. The electric supercar program even has a name, “Vitola,” which gives the impression that the Italian car manufacturer is serious about this. It’s possible that […]

    The post Lamborghini Said to be Planning Electric Supercar Based on Porsche Mission E appeared first on HybridCars.com.


              A DEAD GOAT DON’T FEAR ‘HU’        
    Ghana take on Germany in the second group match of Group G on Saturday in Fortaleza. If you were a betting man, you would bet your house on Germany winning this game. If you went with your heart and you believed in miracles, there is a sliver of hope. After all, as a friend of […]
              Lawrence Opera Theatre Presents 2017 Season 'Faces of Love'        

    Lawrence Opera Theatre (LOT) explores Faces of Love in its 8th summer season. From mother-love to puppy love, from unrequited love to love of country, love's many facets are celebrated. The age-old clash of good vs. evil and love conquering all is revisited in Mozart's The Magic Flute, presented in a groundbreaking, contemporary staging. The season's theme is featured in operatic, art song, and musical theatre repertoire throughout our programs.

    LOT returns to the elegant Castle Tea Room, offering an intimate parlor concert to celebrate Franz Schubert's 220th birthday. A Schubert Serenade (Friday, August 11th) is a celebration of some of his most loved works. A wine & dessert reception at intermission is part of this special evening. Seating is limited, advance reservations recommended.

    A free master class follows at the Lawrence Jewish Community Congregation, 917 Highland (Saturday, August 12th). Every year LOT gives a group of singers the opportunity to work individually with a professional in the opera field, and this year's The Magic Flute director coaches several of LOT's emerging young artists.

    An evening of Opera Scenes and Arias as well as a Musical Theatre Cabaret are offered August 17th and 19th, respectively, showing off the ensemble's versatility. The season highlight the fully-staged opera, produced at Theatre Lawrence's state-of-the-art facility. The Magic Flute is set at Burning Man in the Nevada desert. The age-old conflict between good and evil is given a surprising twist in Grant Preisser's interpretation, which will be sung in German with updatEd English dialogue.

    LOT offers a discount for Seniors / Students, and new in 2017, is pleased to offer a subscription package, with a 10% discount on ticket prices (taxes and fees additional).

    More information: www.facebook.com/LawrenceOperaTheatre/


              BWW Review: YIDDISH WITH DICK AND JANE at 2017 KC Fringe Festival        

    As part of the 2017 KC Fringe, "Yiddish With Dick And Jane" is worth seeing at the Arts Asylum close to downtown. Although just about anyone can enjoy this one, it says something about age when one realizes his own education falls after the McGuffey Reader period and smack in the middle of "Reading with Dick and Jane" years.

    "Dick and Jane" was my first grade reader at Armstrong School in Chicago along with their dog "Spot" and their cat "Fluffy." "See Dick run. See sister Jane fall. Etc." The same books were used at Armstrong from the Scott Foresman Company for generations.

    This one act play is funny for just that silly memory, but here is the rest of the setup. In the early 20th Century, millions of eastern European Jews immigrated to America's cities. Many of these people spoke Yiddish; kind of a combination of German and Hebrew.

    Beginning in the 1920's and continuing through the 1960's the "Dick and Jane series" taught millions of children to read and many more millions of their parents to speak English. It worked with big typefaces and lots of pictures.

    Imagine now if Dick and Jane are grown up Jewish people. They have retained their learned, broken Yiddish/English speaking patterns (think Spanglish for Jews). Some of the words remain part of their every day vocabulary. Jane is now married to Stanley. They share a very large African American child named Priscilla. Their little sister Sally is a professor at the University of California at Berkeley complete with sandals. Jane and Stanley share typical suburban problems - like gay neighbors and straying wives and aging parents.

    An off to the side of the stage narrator reads from one of the Dick and Jane books and half explains the Yiddish words that creep into the dialogue.

    To this fascinating and amusing ethnic stew, add the genius of casting all apparently non- Jewish actors in the semi-Yiddish speaking roles. The mangling of the Yiddish pronunciations multiplies the joke by a factor of at least three.

    This short 45 minute piece is well directed by Mathew McGaugh. The cast does great stage pictures and has mastered comic quick change. They make the most of their limited props. We always know what they are doing through just a hint of suggestion. It is enough for this purpose. Both Korey Childs and Sara Crow are excellent as the narrators.

    A special shout out goes to Sara Crow as sister Sally. She has pretty great guts to play the hospital patient with the open back hospital gown. More importantly and impressively, the audience saw a reaction to every line and the thought process of what was going through her facial expression throughout the entire show. I will look forward to seeing her again.

    "Yiddish with Dick and Jane" can still be viewed Thursday and Friday evening during 2017 Fringe at The Arts Asylum.


              Teenage German Shepherd Gets in Trouble for Stealing Socks (Video)        
    Thor the German Shepherd acts like a rebellious teenager when confronted about his sock-stealing habits......
              German Shepherd Steals Snow Shovel (Video)        
    Layla the German Shepherd turns snow shoveling into a fun game......
              Mischievous German Shepherd Puppy Interrupts Guy’s Handstand (Video)        
    Leroy Thomas was practicing some handstands when his playful German Shepherd puppy, Macro, stole the glasses off his face…...
              Feliz dia de las madres        
    Happy Mother's Day, Mom! This year I learned that while our mother's day is on Sunday, the Mexican dia de las madres was actually on Tuesday. I had no idea!

    For this year's Mother's Day, Nick and I drove up to my parent's and had brunch at the town's elementary school, where mother's eat for free and the rest of us were only a dollar! It is put on by a community club and has pancakes, eggs, sausages, orange juice, and coffee, and the drinks and things were fetched by little boy scouts. It was fun!

    After brunch we hung out with my parents at their house. Troy was still in . . . Ireland, I think?( He bounced around from Italy to Ireland to England to Germany in just a few days, it got confusing. But he comes home tonight! In like . . . 20 minutes his flight comes in!!!) That was nice, I don't spend as much time with my parents as I'd like to anymore.

    Then we went to my Nanny's apartment and stayed for a while to talk and wish her a Happy Mother's Day. She recently got new hearing aides and it is noticeably easier to talk with her!

    And then we were off to Nick's aunt's house where all his family was gathering for a Mother's Day dinner feast, full of yumminess and delicious 6 month old baby cousin giggles.

    We left early because we both had homework due the next day.

    It was a great Mother's Day. (Though I must admit, planning holidays now for two families can be haaaard. But worth it.) ^_^
              [La “Sociedad” conoce] “El precio de todo y el valor de nada”        
    El precio de todo y el valor de nada

    Por Sara Plaza

    La sociedad con "S" mayúscula a la que se refería Oscar Wilde a finales del siglo XIX era la aristocracia londinense de la época victoriana. Un grupo al que el autor irlandés parodió en muchas de sus obras, destacando la impotencia del bien para lograr un final feliz entre los altos muros de su superficialidad. Una superficialidad que sigue manteniéndose más de un siglo después en otras muchas "clases altas" del mundo. Altas no por su estatura moral sino por las cifras astronómicas de sus cuentas bancarias y sus elevados niveles de corrupción e hipocresía.

    Esa sociedad que para escucharse a sí misma necesita silenciar las voces disonantes, tiene muy poco que decir y mucho de lo que avergonzarse. Esa sociedad que sabe cuánto cuesta todo, se encarga de que una gran mayoría de personas piensen que no valen nada. Esa sociedad que se cree sus propias mentiras, habla de tener fe en la verdad. Esa sociedad que desprecia la memoria, es la que nos cuenta la historia. Esa sociedad que desprecia la vida de muchos, tiene un "plan" que "asegura" la suya. Esa sociedad que no se cocina pero gusta de la buena mesa, está desforestando los montes, envenenando los ríos, hiriendo de muerte enormes pedazos de tierra. Esa sociedad que se prodiga en dádivas miserables, se apropia de lo que no es suyo y se considera dueña de lo que nos pertenece a todos.

    A esa sociedad en la que tienen cabida muy pocos se han opuesto muchos, pero el estruendoso avance de millones de pies descalzos, de millones de manos agrietadas, de millones de bocas hambrientas, de millones de miradas apagadas, de millones de sueños desterrados sigue sin derrumbar sus paredes ni hacer temblar demasiado sus cimientos. En algunos puntos quizá no sean tan fuertes como antaño pero su estructura sigue siendo ejemplo de eficacia arquitectónica. Su vigor tiene mucho que ver con el desencanto de quienes en su día vieron marchitarse muchos de sus proyectos y de quienes no encuentran hoy dónde plantar la simiente de los suyos.

    Hace unas semanas, mientras Edgardo y yo visitábamos a mi familia en España, el bibliotecario que siempre va con él puso en mis manos uno de los tomos en los que mis padres han ido encuadernando todos los números de la revista "Bustarviejo" que editaba la Asociación Cultural "El Bustar" en mi pueblo, y lo abrió en la número 35–1 de febrero de 1980. En ella aparece una entrevista que el cura párroco de entonces les hacía a mis abuelos maternos. Yo no recordaba haberla leído a mis siete años, así es que fue todo un descubrimiento a mis treinta y cinco. El artículo se titula "Mariano y Jesusa. El sufrimiento de los pobres" y comienza con estas palabras de mi abuela: "Yo ya se lo he dicho a mi hija, yo lo único que le puedo decir a Antonio son penas, nada más que penas. Así que cuando venga lo único que le contaré son penas". Las finales las pronunció mi abuelo después de escuchar la pregunta de por qué ha abandonado la gente joven el campo: "El campo es lo más despreciado y tirado de todo. El trabajo es más duro, siempre mirando al cielo, a expensas de la lluvia, del clima. Ahí no hay permiso, ni vacaciones, ni pagas extras. Pocas veces el campo da recompensas. Por eso la gente joven, al tener posibilidad de otros trabajos, ha abandonado el campo, pero ha sido por obligación y por falta quizá de que las autoridades no hayan recompensado esto. El campesino tiene que vivir al mismo nivel que los demás. El medianero y el pobre han tenido que abandonar y no han tenido más que disgustos. El único que siempre saca es el terrateniente fuerte. El abandonar el campo no beneficia nada a la nación. El gobierno, en eso, no ha estado acertado. Ha dado de lado al agricultor y este siempre lleva el timón. Yo creo que hay muchos sindicatos y muchas cosas que se podrían reducir y atender más el campo y la ganadería". Inmediatamente después, el entrevistador llamaba la atención sobre las no pocas denuncias que van impresas en esa intervención de mi abuelo y no pude evitar sonreírme. Claro que hay denuncias entre sus palabras, y no dejaron de sorprenderme en una entrevista en la que mis abuelos recordaban algunas de las derrotas que sumaron a lo largo de su vida. También me sorprendió el buen humor que mostraron sus respuestas en un par de ocasiones pese a su sabor amargo general, y me dolió la aspereza con que mi abuelo habló del desencanto al que me referí antes. Yo sabía que él había elegido luchar en el bando republicano durante la Guerra Civil y que estuvo en un campo de concentración en Francia cuando terminó. Sabía también que nunca quiso hablar de ello y que una y otra vez les pidió a sus hijos que no se metiesen en política. Al ser preguntado sobre la misma durante la entrevista responde: "Yo me lavo las manos, me corté la coleta. Desde que estuve en Francia renuncié a la política".

    Sin duda la guerra, la pobreza, la falta de trabajo, el tener que abandonar el lugar donde uno ha vivido porque dentro de sus fronteras está condenado a muerte o a morirse de hambre, ofrecen motivos más que suficientes para el desencanto, la desilusión y la decepción. Pero los herederos de quienes los experimentaron no deberíamos olvidar que esos son los nutrientes con los que se fortalece la superficialidad que envuelve a las minoritarias "clases altas" del mundo y con los que se revitaliza la injusticia que rodea a las muchísimo más numerosas "clases bajas". Esos son los elementos indispensables para que las primeras sigan poniendo precio a todo y para que las segundas no reconozcan su propio valor. Por ello, aunque sobren las razones para el desánimo, no tendrían que faltar las que nos impulsen a denunciar una y otra vez el origen y la causa del mismo, pues es en el terreno que conquistemos a la decepción donde germinará la semilla de nuestros proyectos, mientras que en el que fertilicemos con desencanto sólo aumentará la impotencia del bien para lograr un final feliz, tanto en la sociedad con "S" mayúscula como en el resto.

    Hace ya algunos años que uno de mis maestros me animó a descubrir los escritos de Wilde y hace sólo unas semanas el culpable de este blog depositó entre los dedos de la cómplice un volumen en el que pude leer a mis abuelos. Al docente y al bibliotecario gracias por las páginas que me descubrieron; a sus respectivos autores gracias por escribirlas y pronunciarlas.

    Nota: El título del artículo pertenece a palabras de Lord Darlington en Lady Windermere's fan del escritor irlandés Oscar Wilde.

    Ilustración.

              Spanish Fork parents arrested in drug investigation        
    SPANISH FORK, Utah — A Spanish Fork couple was arrested early Tuesday morning after police spent several months investigating alleged drug activity at their home. Kristopher and Jenneka Christensen, both 38, face charges of possession of methamphetamine with intent to distribute, two counts of child endangerment, possession of marijuana and possession of drug paraphernalia. According to the Utah County Sheriff’s Office, narcotics officers from the Spanish Fork and Provo Police Departments executed a search warrant on the Christensen’s home Monday […]
              Comment on Hoodies and Hijabs by Zig Zag        
    Don't forget that many supporters of national socialism in 1930s Germany were small shop keepers and other middle class elements. Business improvement associations are comprised of small business owners who push for gentrification, more police and security, anti-panhandling and anti-graffiti measures, etc. Still, they are not the primary target of militant attacks so we shouldn't make a mountain out of a mole hill.
              WIN: 3x Primark Cadeaubon t.w.v. € 50,-        
    Vorige week ging de Primark in Zwolle open, een winkel waar veel Zwollenaren en mensen die in de omstreken wonen denk ik op hebben gewacht. En omdat ik een echte Zwollenaar ben mag ik in samenwerking met Primark drie cadeaubonnen ter waarde van € 50,- weggeven die je bij elk filiaal in Nederland kan inleveren! Wat je daarvoor moet doen vind je verder in het artikel. Win een cadeaukaart van € 50,-! Laat een reactie in de comments achter waarom jij graag bij de Primark shopt De drie leukste inzendingen winnen Meedoen kan tot en met 12 april 2017 De winnaars mail ik, dus laat een geldig e-mail adres achter Reageert de winnaar binnen twee dagen niet, dan kies ik een andere winnaar. Je vind de Primark filialen in: Groningen – Westerhaven 44 Zwolle – Melkmarkt 3 Enschede – H.J Van Heekplein 90 Arnhem – Ketelstraat 45 Nijmegen – Plein 1944 136 Venlo – Oude Markt 36 Eindhoven – Vestdijk 2 Dordrecht – Modepassage Drievriendenhof 16 Rotterdam – Zuiderterras 147-151 Rotterdam – Poolsterplein 100 Zoetermeer – Burgermeester van Leeuwenpassage 2-8 Den Haag – Spui 50 Hoofddorp – Marktplein 254 Almere – Metropolestraat 11 Amsterdam – Damrak 77 Zaandam – Ankersmidplein 7 Alkmaar – Laat 128 In welk fililaal winkelen jullie het liefst? De winactie wordt aangeboden […]
              In Flux: Dornbracht        

    In Flux: Dornbracht

      For the introduction of Vaia, its new series of fittings, the German premium manufacturer DORNBRACHT has joined forces with Rafael de Cárdenas and Neri & Hu to realise two extremely inspired and inspiring bathroom design environments. (text by Barbara Jahn-Rösel)   Read the full article on Architonic
              Até logo/ See you!        

    Perfumados leitores,

    Há um certo tempo minha vida se tornou uma espiral de responsabilidades cada vez mais frequentes, fruto de recompensas e desafios com relação à minha carreira e vida pessoal. Se por um lado, isso é muito compensador. Por outro lado, atualmente tive que fazer escolhas. Uma delas é dizer, de forma oficial, até logo!
     
     
    Confesso que não consigo fazer as coisas de qualquer jeito e tudo tem que ter tempo e qualidade, principalmente com relação ao Perfume da Rosa Negra, um espaço virtual apaixonante sobre perfumaria que me proporcionou conhecer muita gente apaixonada por perfume e muita gente que é referência em Perfumaria , que respeitou o meu conhecimento e minha paixão, além de ter me proporcionado projetos de muito valor.
     
    Sou grata aos leitores e a todas as pessoas que acreditaram em mim. Também agradeço a Deus o tempo a que me dediquei intensamente ao Perfume da Rosa Negra.  Fiz tudo isso com muito amor. Tive muitas alegrias mas também muitas decepções e tudo isso faz parte da jornada. A experiência foi sempre divina, a cada perfume e tudo está guardado: cada sentimento com relação às fragrancias e, cada sensação Ãºnica através do olfato que eternaliza os momentos perfumados na alma. O melhor de tudo é que, onde coloquei a minha marca, as pessoas passaram a conhecer mais sobre as fragrancias e o valor disso é imensurável.
     
    Não retorno tão logo e, por estranho que pareça, digo um até logo feliz.  Sei que não serei a primeira blogueira de fragrancias que se afasta por um tempo. Muita gente boa, de excepcional talento em perfumaria, também disse adeus por um período. Durante esse tempo, além de todas as novas jornadas, quero repensar a própria perfumaria. O Perfume da Rosa Negra não deixa de existir. Como diria Flaubert, Perfume da Rosa Negra c'est moi. Eu sou Rosa Negra e ela vai exalar um perfume em outros cantos desse mundo.
     
     
    Despeço-me feliz. Preciso levar algumas responsabilidades e projetos adiante, dentre eles está a perfumaria. Certamente eu voltarei e o blog só será a extensão de algo muito maior porque a perfumaria está no meu DNA. Voltarei com mais força e com ideias grandiosas que há muito tempo estão na minha mente e que só essa bela Arte merece.
     
    Enquanto isso, deixo-lhes o meu legado perfumado , de coração!
     
    Sigam cheirosos!
     
    Abraços perfumados,
     
    Cris Rosa Negra
     
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    By Ferramentas Blog
              Convocation 2012        

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    September 4, 2012

    Amherst marked the beginning of the 2012–13 school year with Opening Convocation at Johnson Chapel on Sept. 3. The first formal gathering of the first-year class, the annual ceremony enables the college’s president and the faculty, dressed in their academic regalia, to officially welcome the new students. Every year, it features a procession, music by the Choral Society and the awarding of master of arts degrees to faculty who have reached the rank of full professor but aren’t graduates of Amherst. (View photos of the entire event at the Amherst College Flickr set.)

    In this year’s Convocation address, President Biddy Martin commended the members of the Class of 2016 for having the courage to learn, to be challenged by new ideas and to “combat our own willful ignorance.” “Critical thinking cannot be programmed, but it can be exemplified,” she explained to the audience of first-year students, faculty, staff and others. “It is our job to exemplify it by turning our analytical skills and our patience outward but also inward toward ourselves. The quality of this institution depends on the willingness of our students and faculty and everyone else who works to put their ‘taken-for-granteds’ at risk.”

    She discussed the relationships the students would cultivate at college and reminded them of the value of their Amherst education as well. The latter, she told them, is “a launching pad or platform for the work that needs to be done to address the monumental challenges in the world—economic, political, cultural, environmental.… It’s an opportunity to learn not only how to think but [how] to relate to people from every conceivable background, how to engage the world and how to lead.”

    Prior to speaking to the first-years, Martin conferred honorary master’s degrees on Catherine Epstein, professor of history and chair of her department; Jeffrey Ferguson, the Andrew W. Mellon Professor of Black studies and American studies; Caroline Goutte, professor of biology; Amelie Hastie, professor of English and film and media studies and chair of the film studies department; and Nasser Hussain, professor of law, jurisprudence and social thought. She also acknowledged Scott Kaplan ’95, professor of computer science, who was also promoted to full professor but already holds an Amherst degree.

    President Biddy Martin’s 2012 Convocation Address

    TRANSCRIPT

    Good evening, and welcome once again. We are gathered to mark the beginning of the academic year, to celebrate teaching and learning and to affirm their importance. We are lucky to be learning and teaching in a community of smart, curious and creative people. By the very nature of this event and its rituals, we commit ourselves to one another and to a larger world that desperately needs its Amhersts. We are all eager just to get on with it, but it makes sense to dwell, even if only briefly, on our work, our relationships, and, perhaps, even our fun.

    I know the faculty feels fortunate to be teaching a student body with your talent, curiosity and diversity. You, who are our new and continuing students, are lucky to study with faculty who are contributing to their scholarly fields, creating new knowledge across disciplinary boundaries and investing their creativity in the art of teaching. The Amherst faculty treats teaching with same seriousness they bring to original research. I know from experience that such seriousness is rare. 

    In their senior survey, members of the Class of 2012 reported that their favorite teachers were the ones who had the highest expectations of them, who demanded their best work. This is a place that reveres the life of the mind and challenges us to continue a long tradition, a 191-year-old tradition of setting high standards.

    In a meeting of Amherst alumni in the chapel last spring, I was asked by an alum what motivates serious scholars to spend their careers teaching undergraduates; “What’s in it for them?” I believe he asked. I had a response ready, based on my own experience as a teacher of both undergraduate and graduate students, but I caught sight of Professor Sarat, a political scientist, who happened to be standing in the back of Johnson Chapel; I asked him to come forward and give the audience his perspective—and he was glad to oblige. I want to read the summary account he sent me later, because what he said is representative of Amherst faculty as a whole. I cannot imagine any member of the faculty who would not agree. “Amherst classrooms at their best,” he said, “are places that combine love, challenge and hope. We want our students not just to learn, but to love ideas, images, mathematical equations.”

    “Love,” he cautioned, “cannot be programmed, but it can be exemplified.” We want our students not only to learn, but also to love learning. He continued: “At our best, we try to put our students in a place of productive discomfort … we want to unsettle their taken-for-granteds. We want to challenge their moments of complacency. The return for those of us who teach, of seeing students take up the challenge, venture into that place of productive discomfort, is being inspired by their courage and reminded of what it is like to move beyond our own comfort zones.”

    He concluded by saying, “I guess it is all about what they and we are willing to put at risk.”

    I like the combination of challenge, love and hope. I like thinking about what it means to put our assumptions, even ourselves, at risk, within what is ultimately a pretty safe environment. If anyone among you doubts that it takes courage to question what we think we know or put our beliefs at risk, you need only look at the ideological rigidity in the world around us and consider the tenacious refusal in broad swaths of the public to accept scientific conclusions or listen to the views of others.

    It takes particular courage to combat what we might call our willful ignorance, but we are here to do just that. By “willful ignorance,” I mean the active suppression of knowledge or truth, the kind of ignorance that cannot be changed by the mere addition of new information. In moments of uncertainty and fear, we are particularly prone to indulging our ignorance, and the times are nothing if not uncertain. Our resistance to change is purposeful, but often only at an unconscious level by virtue of our stubborn internalizations.

    Last week, [DeMott Lecturer] David Nevins [’88] told you that the most creative periods in his career have often been the most anxiety-ridden; they have come when he was making the transition from one job to another, before he knew the rules and had not yet internalized them. He encouraged you to take advantage of the transition you are making, giving yourselves permission to think otherwise. Permission of that sort requires a fight, because we are largely unaware of the structure of our ignorance, and our prejudices can be forms of love for those from whom we learned or absorbed them. Critical thinking cannot be programmed, but it can be exemplified, and it is our job to exemplify it. The quality of our institution depends on the willingness of students and faculty, and everyone who works here, to put their “taken-for-granteds” at risk.

    Amherst sometimes seems like a treasured island, a respite from the inanity or insanity or the ugliness in the world, but it is not an island, and we don’t want it to be. We want it to be a platform or a launching pad for the work that needs to be done if we are to address the monumental challenges we face—economic, environmental, political, social, cultural and psychological. Amherst provides an opportunity to acquire the skills and the quality of thought that is adequate to the problems; it is also an opportunity to learn how to engage and build relationships with people from all over the world; it is an opportunity to learn how to lead.

    When I was in London visiting our alumni this summer, I asked some of my interlocutors how they accounted for their love of Amherst. “It’s a place,” said one, “where it was cool to be smart.” We are fortunate to be in a place where it is cool to be smart; cool to be different; cool to be an athlete who puts academics first or finds the right balance between the two; cool not to be an athlete; cool to sing, to dance, to stay up all night studying, even when there is no exam the next day; cool to grasp and appreciate the nature of reality and the complexity of our lives.

    I have lots of wishes for you, but I will emphasize two: first, that you reject the substitution all around us of only dimly related bullet points for genuine analysis. I hope you will use your time here to hone your intellectual skills and use them to reach for an understanding of the world—one that integrates the different modes of thought to which you will be exposed; one that displays close reading, critical thinking, analytical reason, creativity and a commitment to clear, compelling exposition. I hope you take full advantage of Amherst’s commitment to great writing and to other forms of creative expression. I hope you go beyond scattered “bullet points” or decontextualized data to a working understanding, or an approach to understanding, that honors imagination, distinguishes between fact and fiction and remains open to new knowledge.

    Second, I hope you find ways to let your leisure time be inflected by your intellectual development. It is popular here, as well as at other colleges and universities, to oppose play to work. “Work hard—play hard” becomes a kind of mantra, and sometimes a misguided one. I encourage you not to think of work and play as oppositions. Satisfying play is not the absence of work. It, too, takes cultivation and learning. And work is neither successful nor satisfying if it lacks experimentation, whimsy and fun. Play can be deadening when it is conceived only as an escape from thought. It is possible to relax and have fun, even to be a little oppositional, even a little bad, without suppressing all awareness and judgment.   

    You are here to learn not only how to be successful at work but also at play, and much of your playing will occur in relationships with your peers. Indeed, relationships will be a significant focus of your experimentation and growth while you are here—the friendships, love relationships, sexual ones. At least some of you will take an interest in sexuality. Good experiences and relationships cannot be programmed any more than the love of learning can, but they can be exemplified, and they will benefit from the work of thought. I will close with a good example of thought when brought to bear on questions of love and sexuality. In the early part of the 20th century, the German poet Rainer Marie Rilke wrote a letter to a young poet offering advice about the relationship between love, sensuality and work. Rilke warns the young poet against the tendency of young people to abandon themselves in pursuit of love or of one another, and he offers an account of love and marriage that has been cited many times over the past hundred years:

    Like so much else, people have also misunderstood the place of love in life, they have made it into play and pleasure because they thought that play and pleasure were more blissful than work; but there is nothing happier than work, and love, just because it is the extreme happiness, can be nothing else but work. For one human being to love another: that is perhaps the most difficult of all our tasks; the ultimate, the last test and proof, the work for which all other work is but preparation …

    but young people fling themselves at one another, when love takes possession of them, scatter themselves, just as they are, in all their untidiness, disorder, confusion … And then what? Each loses himself [herself] for the sake of the other and loses the other and many others still to come. And loses the expanses and the possibilities, exchanges the approach and flight of gentle, divining things for an unfruitful perplexity…

    Physical pleasure is a sensual experience no different from pure seeing or the pure sensation with which a fine fruit fills the tongue; it is a great unending experience, which is given us, a knowing of the world, the fullness and the glory of all knowing. And our acceptance of it is not what’s bad; the bad thing is that most people misuse and squander this experience and apply it as a stimulant at the tired spots of their lives and as a distraction instead of a rallying toward more exalted moments … In marriage [relationships] the goal is not to create a quick community of spirit by tearing down and destroying all boundaries. A good marriage [relationship] is one in which each appoints the other guardian of his [her] solitude.

    This last sentence is one of the most frequently cited passages in the letter. “A good [relationship] is one in which each appoints the other guardian of his [her] solitude” or separateness. Use your leisure, your play, your relaxation and your relationships with one another as a rallying toward the project of becoming who you are and letting others be engaged in the same work. Respect yourselves, your own boundaries and the boundaries of others.

    Take yourselves and your fellow classmates seriously. And, in the process, enjoy! Welcome and welcome back to Amherst.


              Indoctrination of the Youth        
    The city is hot. The temperature has slowly increased over the past few days, but that hasn?t stopped me from my chosen evening watch. Only a few weeks ago fires raged North west of here, fueled by unpredictable winds. People are starting to wake up to the hell this country is heading toward. I can only hope enough will wake up to the fact in order to stop the increasing tide of government control.

    Our youth is being indoctrinated to believe all capitalism is evil. They are being fed a diet of poison at the public schools. Before long kids will be turning in their parents for misdeeds against nature or animals, perhaps one day it will be a crime to have meat more than once a week, and some unlucky parent trying to raise a healthy young child will be turned in. Unfortunately it is not to hard to imagine, a young kid happy that they had meat twice in one week and telling a school friend, and that friend telling the teacher. The next sound would be the parent hearing the verdict of the judge.

    This country is not the one I was born in. I put on this costume to protect the innocent against criminals. I don?t know what side I?m on any more. When it become illegal to have meat more than once a week, should I start stalking the kitchens in the neighborhood? No. I will never in crouch on the personal liberties of an individual, I?ll leave that to our government.

    You may think I?m joking about having meat more than twice a week, but I?m not the seeds have already been sown. The youth in the public schools are already seeing videos produced by activists with one purpose in life, to see a government that controls every aspect of our lives. The video is out there its called ?The Story of Stuff?, and it?s dangerous it gives kids the wrong idea of capitalism, it tells them that having things is bad, that being warm in the winter and cool in the summer is bad, that having food to eat is bad.

    Sometimes I have to stop myself and laugh at the absurdity of this country.

    We can only have meat once a week, but already in congress they are passing a bill to set aside more meat for the zombies. They say this will keep them from killing normal humans. Appeasement didn?t work with Germany and it won?t work with the zombies. With the pro-zombie congress and president, normal humans are in dire straits.

    I am the Mirrorman, when I look into the soul of a normal human, with a wife a kid and a job. I see fear.

              Commenti su Europa, Italia, Germania: Parla l’Ambasciatore tedesco in Italia di Germania/Ue: intervista all’ambasciatore in Italia Wasum-Rainer | Giampiero Gramaglia        
    […] Intervista […]
              Commenti su Migranti. Le proposte di Ankara a Bruxelles di Radio radicale: migranti, Ue, Turchia, Germania, Regeni | Giampiero Gramaglia        
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              Nov 2012 Daring Cooks' Challenge Brining & Roasting        

    Hello this Audax from Audax Artifex and I'm honoured to be your host this month. I have decided to concentrate on a couple of important cooking techniques that every good cook should have up his or her sleeve. The first technique is brining – which uses a brine (at its simplest, a combination of salt and water usually with some sugar) to infuse flavour and moisture into poultry, red- & white-meat, fish, seafood and most types of nuts and seeds. Brining guarantees moist succulent roast chickens and turkeys, fried steaks, steamed trout, BBQed prawns (shrimps), grilled seafood and toasted nuts and seeds. Brining is simple and only needs a few simple ingredients and really adds an extra dimension to your cooking. I will be providing a couple of different recipes and guidelines on how to brine which can be used with a whole array of meats, poultry, seafood, nuts and seeds.

    Then for the second technique (once you have brined your chosen cut of meat) I want you to roast (or BBQ) it. Again I will be giving you guidelines and rules on how to roast your cut of meat. The roasting guidelines can be used for meat, vegetables, nuts and seeds. For our non-meat eating cooks I want you to use the roasting guidelines to roast a selection of vegetables and/or nuts or seeds to perfection.
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    HOW IT WORKS (from http://www.cooksillustrated.com/images/document/howto/ND01_ISBriningbasics.pdf)

    Soaking in brine improves the taste and the moistness of all fowl (chicken, turkey, goose, duck and guinea fowl), also it works on lean red- and lean white-meats, fish, most seafood and most nuts and seeds. It is simple, cheap and effective and will ensure that your Christmas roast will be the tastiest you have ever made. All you do is brine your cut of meat and then proceed as normal, you will find that the roast is juicy and the skin has a lovely colour. The recipe for all-purpose brine is simple - for each cup (240 ml) of water use 1 tablespoon (18 gm) of table salt this makes a 8% brine solution which can be used for most foods. (This is equivalent to 1 cup of table salt for each gallon (4 litres) of water.)

    Brining works in accordance with two principles, called diffusion and osmosis, these two principles like to keep things in equilibrium (or in stable balance). When brining a fowl for example, there is a greater concentration of salt and sugar outside of the fowl (in the brine) than inside the fowl (in the cells that make up its flesh). The law of diffusion states that the salt and sugar will naturally flow from the area of greater concentration (the brine) to lesser concentration (the cells). There is also a greater concentration of water, so to speak, outside of the fowl than inside. Here, too, the water will naturally flow from the area of greater concentration (the brine) to lesser concentration (the cells). When water moves in this fashion, the process is called osmosis. Once inside the cells, the salt and, to a lesser extent, the sugar causes the cell proteins to unravel, or denature. As the individual proteins unravel, they become more likely to interact with one another. This interaction results in the formation of a sticky matrix that captures and holds moisture. Once exposed to heat, the matrix gels and forms a barrier that keeps much of the water from leaking out as the meat cooks. Thus you have a roast that is both better seasoned and much more moist than when you started.

    HANGING IT OUT TO DRY

    Brining does have one negative effect on poultry: Adding moisture to the skin as well as the flesh which can prevent the skin from crisping when cooked. This can be overcome by air-drying, a technique used in many Chinese recipes for roast duck and chicken. Letting brined chicken and turkey dry uncovered in the refrigerator allows surface moisture to evaporate, making the skin visibly more dry and taut and therefore promoting crispness when cooked. Although this step is optional, if crisp skin is a goal, it’s worth the extra time. For best results, air-dry whole brined birds overnight. Brined chicken parts can be air-dried for several hours. Transfer the brined bird to a heavy-duty cooling rack set over a rimmed baking sheet, pat the bird dry with paper towels, and refrigerate. The rack lifts the bird off the baking sheet, allowing air to circulate freely under the bird. If you are not air-drying your fowl it is best to pat dry the skin with paper towels before roasting in a hot oven.

    Surprisingly, brining has one large positive effect on fish fillets, a quick brine (only 10 mins) greatly improves the appearance of cooked fillets, because the brine reduces the unsightly white layer of albumin that coagulates on the surface during cooking, I highly recommend brining fish fillets when presentation is paramount. 

    ITEMS THAT BENEFIT FROM BRINING
    Lean cuts of meat with mild flavour tend to benefit most from flavour brining also most nuts and seeds can be brined with good affect. These include:

    Chicken: whole, butterflied, or pieces
    Cornish Hens: whole or butterflied
    Turkey: whole, butterflied, or pieces
    Pork: chops, loin, tenderloin, fresh ham
    Seafood: salmon, trout, shrimp
    Beef: use lean pieces of beef
    Nuts and Seeds: Most nuts and seeds are suitable i.e. pumpkin, peanuts, sesame, almonds etc.  

    Fatty meats such as duck, beef, and lamb do not benefit as much from brining (but still can be brined)—they're naturally moist and flavourful. They also tend to be cooked to lower internal temperatures and thus don't lose as much of their natural moisture.

    WHICH SALT TO USE
    Kosher salt (called rock salt outside North America) and table salt are the most common salts used in brining.

    Sea salt can be used for flavour brining, but it tends to be quite expensive. If you have a cheap supply available, go for it; otherwise, stick to kosher salt or table salt.
    Some people say that kosher salt tastes "cleaner" than table salt because it does not contain the anti-caking agents added to table salt. Some people prefer non-iodized table salt over iodized table salt, believing that potassium iodide creates an off-taste. However, these flavour differences melt away when salt is diluted in large quantities of water in a brine. In an article about salt in the September/October 2002 issue of Cook's Illustrated magazine, taste testers felt that "all nine salts tasted pretty much the same" when dissolved in spring water and chicken stock, whether it was 36¢/pound iodized table salt, 66¢/pound kosher salt, or $36/pound Fleur de Sel de Camargue sea salt from France.

    SALT EQUIVALENT MEASURES
    Table salt and kosher salt do not have the same saltiness in a flavour brine when measured by volume—but they do when measured by weight.

    Table salt weighs about 10 ounces (285 grams) per cup, while kosher salt weighs 5-8 ounces (140-225 grams) per cup, depending on the brand. If using kosher salt in a brine, you must use more than a cup to achieve the same salt flavour you would get from a cup of table salt.

    The chart below shows equivalent amounts of table salt and the two most popular brands of kosher salt.

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    Morton Kosher Salt weighs about 7.7 ounces (220 grams) per cup, making it three-fourths as strong as table salt. Diamond Crystal Kosher Salt weighs about 5 ounces (140 grams) per cup, making it half as strong as table salt.
    What if you're using something other than Morton Kosher or Diamond Crystal Kosher salt? Regardless of the type of salt—sea salt, pickling salt, and any other brand of kosher salt—just measure 10 ounces (285 grams) of it on a kitchen scale and you will have the equivalent of 1 cup of table salt.

    HOW LONG TO BRINE
    The length of time meat soaks in a flavour brine depends on the type of meat and its size, as well as the amount of salt used in the brine—the saltier the brine mixture, the shorter the soaking time. Here are common brining times found in recipes:

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    It is possible to end up with meat that's too salty for your taste, so you may want to brine on the low end of the time range to see how it turns out. You can always brine longer next time, but there's no way to salvage a piece of meat that's been brined too long.

    ROASTING TIMES AND TEMPERATURES FOR POULTRY 
    When we roast brined cuts of meat (or whole birds) the procedure firstly is to brown the skin in a hot oven then to lower the temperature so we reduce the moisture loss in the roasted food. It is important to rest (loosely covered in foil) your roast so that the moisture can redistribute itself in the meat, it greatly adds to the final tenderness of the cooked product.

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    For other roasting times for red meat, fish, seafood, nuts and seeds see the additional information at the end of the challenge write-up.

    Recipe Source:  The brine and roast chicken used are traditional recipes used in my family for many generations. The roast vegetable recipe is from my own family cookbook.   

    Blog-checking lines:  Audax of Audax Artifax was our November 2012 Daring Cooks’ host.  Audax has brought us into the world of brining and roasting, where we brined meat and vegetables and roasted them afterwards for a delicious meal!

    Posting Date:  November 14th, 2012

    Download the printable .pdf file HERE


    Note:  Important Information – brining must be done in the refrigerator the salt water will not stop the growth of germs and bacteria. Also brine cannot be reused always discard it after first use.  Make sure that the brine goes into the cavity of large chickens and turkeys when brining.  

    Mandatory Items: If you eat meat you must brine a meat (or seafood) cut and then roast (or BBQ) it. For non-meat eaters please brine some nuts or seeds then roast them or just roast a load of vegetables. I have included an extensive listing of poultry, seafood, nut etc. recipes in the additional information section at the end of the challenge feel free to use any of these recipes. Of course you can use your own favourite recipe if you wish.

    Variations allowed:  Any meat/seafood (or nuts/seeds) can be used for brining. And any vegetable can be used by non-meat eaters. 

    Preparation time:  Generally brining takes from ½ hour to 2 days. Roasting can take up to 2 hours for most pieces of meat, for large poultry 6-7 hours.

    Equipment required:
    non-reactive container for the brine
    roasting pans or trays

    Challenge Recipes
    I have included one all-purpose brine recipe, a roast chicken recipe and a roast vegetable recipe.

    Recipe One – All-Purpose Brine:


    Makes 4 cups of brine enough for about one pound (½ kg) of meat

    This is the brine to use for most cuts of meat and poultry that will be roasted.

    Ingredients
    4 cups (1 litre) of cold water (see note 1)
    ¼ cup (70 gm) table salt or  ½ cup (70 gm) Diamond Crystal Kosher Salt
    optional 2 tablespoons (30 ml) (30 gm/1 oz) sugar (see note 2)
    optional 3-4 peppercorns, a few springs of herbs, a garlic clove or two, a knob of ginger etc. (see note 3)

    Instructions
    1. Heat 1 cup of water to boiling point add the salt and stir until all the salt has totally dissolved.
    2. Place in a non-reactive container (glass, plastic, stainless steel, zip-lock bags etc). Add the remaining water and stir. Make sure that all the salt has dissolved. Wait until the brine has reached room temperature.
    3. Add your cut of meat make sure that the meat is completely submerged (that is totally covered in the salty water) if need be you can weigh down the cut of meat with a clean plate (etc). If using plastic bags make sure that the meat is totally covered in brine and make sure that is bag is locked securely.
    4. Cover the container with plastic wrap to prevent odours contaminating the flavour brine or the brine leaking.
    5. Place the container into the refrigerator for the soaking time suggested by the guidelines above.
    6. If desired you can air-dry your poultry (usually over night) in the refrigerator if you wish to have crispy skin on your bird. It is best to pat dry your brined item (inside and out) with paper towels before cooking.
    7. Cook the brined item as directed by the roasting guidelines above.

    Notes
    1. You can replace all or some of the water with a combination of wine, cider, beer, tea, coffee, fruit juice, most sauces (tomato, soya, BBQ, chilli etc), chicken stock, beef stock or fish stock. Be careful with acidic liquids like wine, cider, fruit juices which can turn your meat to mush if brined too long.
    2. A little sugar can help overcome the saltiness of the brine and helps to give a nice sheen to your piece of meat when roasted. You can use up to ¼ cup of sugar (use the lesser amount (2 tablespoons) for high temperature roasting since the brine can burn at high heats if you use too much sugar). You can use brown sugar or honey or other sweeteners if you wish.
    3. Any combination of spices and herbs can be used to flavour the brine. Garlic powder, onion powder and ginger powder are excellent to use for brining.

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    Recipe Two – Roast Brined Chicken
    Serves four to six people

    Ingredients:
    1 whole chicken (organic is best) about 2 kg (4 ½ pounds)
    Enough brine (see recipe above) to cover the chicken in a large non-reactive container

    Directions:

    1. Brine the whole chicken in the flavoured brine in the refrigerator overnight about 6 hours can be overnight. (Make sure that every part of the chicken is covered in the brine you can weigh the bird down with a clean plate so it is completely submerged.
    2. Discard the brine and dry the skin and inside of the bird with paper towels.
    3. If you desire crispy skin then leave the bird on a rack for several hours or overnight in the refrigerator so the skin can dry.
    4. Preheat oven to moderately hot 220°C/425°F/gas 7.
    5. Roast for 15 minutes.
    6. Reduce oven to moderate 180°C/350°F/gas 4 and roast for a further 12-15 minutes per 450 grams/pound, You can check for done-ness the internal temperature should be 165°F/84°C, or the juices should run clear when you pierce the bird between the leg and thigh.  
    7. Rest for approximately 30 minutes covered loosely in foil.

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    Recipe Three – Roast Vegetables
    Serves six people

    For best results use the largest shallow heavy-weight roasting pan you have and make sure that the vegetable are well spaced out in the pan and only form one layer, use two trays if necessary. A very hot oven 475°F/240°C/gas mark 9 is the key to roasting vegetables. Only toss the vegetables once or twice during cooking. For lighter-weight vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli or cut corn add it to the pan 15 minutes later, so it doesn't get too brown. Greens like kale and mustard greens are done in only 15 minutes. Root vegetables should be cut into cubes of about one-inch (2½ cm). You can add a small amount of apricot fruit spread or honey in the last 10 minutes to enhance the caramelising process. Fresh basil, rosemary and thyme are best when used fresh. Curry, paprika and turmeric are also great. Grated ginger or crushed garlic can also be added.  

    Ingredients:
    1 small butternut squash (pumpkin), cubed
    2 red bell peppers (capsicums), seeded and sliced
    1 orange sweet potato, peeled and cubed OR 3 medium carrots, peeled and sliced lengthways
    3 Yukon Gold (or any baking) potatoes, cubed
    1 red onion, quartered
    optional 1 fat clove of garlic, crushed
    1 tablespoon chopped fresh thyme
    2 tablespoons chopped fresh rosemary
    2 tablespoon olive oil
    1 tablespoon balsamic vinegar or 1 tablespoon lemon juice
    Salt and pepper to taste

    Directions:
    1. Preheat oven to very hot 475°F/240°C/gas mark 9.
    2. In a large bowl, combine the squash, red bell peppers, sweet potato, red onion and Yukon Gold potatoes and the optional garlic if using.
    3. In a small bowl, stir together thyme, rosemary, olive oil, vinegar, salt, and pepper. Toss with vegetables until they are coated. Spread evenly on a large roasting pan.
    4. Roast for 35 to 40 minutes in the preheated oven, stirring one or twice, or until vegetables are cooked through and browned. If using a smaller tray the vegetables will take about 50-60 minutes.

    Roast Vegetables
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    Brined and BBQed “seven-bone” steak (notice the shape of the bone in the steak)
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    Brined and BBQed “wagyu” steak
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    Brined and Roasted Peppered Ribeye Roast
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    Additional Information:  Include links to videos or information that can be of assistance to members.
    Kosher salt versus table salt http://bbq.about.com/od/spicesseasonings/a/aa102007a.htm
    Everything you wanted to know about brining http://www.amazingribs.com/recipes/rubs_pastes_marinades_and_brines/zen_of_brines.html
    Brining Nuts and Seeds http://www.jwright44.com/recipes/BrinedNuts.htm
    How to brine pumpkin seeds http://www.ehow.com/how_8144233_brine-pumpkin-seeds.html
    How a quick brine improves the appearance of fish fillets http://www.cooksillustrated.com/howto/detail.asp?docid=36992
    Dry brining thick steaks (a great article) http://steamykitchen.com/163-how-to-turn-cheap-choice-steaks-into-gucci-prime-steaks.html
    Brining turkey a primer http://bbq.about.com/od/turkey/ss/aa110808a.htm
    Roast chicken ten ways http://culinaryarts.about.com/od/chickenturkeymore/tp/roastchixtenways.htm
    Cooking a turkey (many articles) http://culinaryarts.about.com/od/chickenturkeymore/tp/Cooking-A-Turkey.htm
    To roast a turkey http://culinaryarts.about.com/od/chickenturkeymore/r/Roast-Turkey-Recipe.htm
    Roasting guidelines for red meat roasts http://www.donaldrussell.com/game-technique?ms=tab5 Jamie Oliver's Roast Potato, parsnips and carrot recipe http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes/vegetarian-recipes/roast-potatoes-parsnips-carrots 
    Jamie Oliver's Perfect Roast Potato recipe http://www.jamieoliver.com/recipes/vegetarian-recipes/perfect-roast-potatoes
    Delia Smith's Roast Potato recipe http://www.deliaonline.com/how-to-cook/fruit-and-vegetables/how-to-roast-potatoes.html
    How to brine fish http://www.ehow.com/how_5963061_brine-fish-before-cooking.html
    Vegetable Roasting Guide http://www.eatingwell.com/healthy_cooking/healthy_cooking_101/shopping_cooking_guides/vegetable_roasting_guide
    How to cook a steak to perfection http://howto.yellow.co.nz/food-drink/cooking-and-baking/how-to-cook-steak/
    How to cook a steak (using American cuts of meat) http://www.marksdailyapple.com/how-to-cook-the-perfect-steak/

    Disclaimer:
    The Daring Kitchen and its members in no way suggest we are medical professionals and therefore are NOT responsible for any error in reporting of “alternate baking/cooking”.  If you have issues with digesting gluten, then it is YOUR responsibility to research the ingredient before using it.  If you have allergies, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. If you are lactose intolerant, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. If you are vegetarian or vegan, it is YOUR responsibility to make sure any ingredient in a recipe will not adversely affect you. The responsibility is YOURS regardless of what health issue you’re dealing with. Please consult your physician with any questions before using an ingredient you are not familiar with.  Thank you! :)
              June 2012 Daring Cooks Challenge - Cannelloni        

    Recipe Source: Cannelloni di magro – Manuela Zangara; Cannelloni di carne – Manuela Zangara; Cannelloni al pesto – Manuela Zangara; Cannelloni with Ricotta, Ham and Fontina from http://www.ricettedellanonna.net/cannelloni-ricotta-prosciutto-cotto-e-fontina/


    Blog-checking lines: Manu from Manu’s Menu was our Daring Cooks lovely June hostess and has challenged us to make traditional Italian cannelloni from scratch! We were taught how to make the pasta, filling, and sauces shared with us from her own and her family’s treasured recipes!

    I loved this month's challenge since I have always wanted to do a "healthy" version of cannelloni for my gym buddies. I had a great time thinking and working out the method for creating a "gym junkie friendly" recipe.

    Healthy charred onion and spinach cannelloni
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    I made a low-fat/high-protein/low-carbohydrate version for my gym buddies who are very health conscious. I made the pasta using a large omega-3 egg, 70 gm of gluten flour, 30 gm of de-fatted soy flour and 1 teaspoon of lemon juice and enough extra water to make the dough's consistency correct which made an intensely yellow-coloured and super-high protein pasta with only 14 grams of carbohydrates for the whole batch of pasta sheets. I used a pasta rolling machine to make the sheets as thin as possible giving the sheets a long rest between rollings since the very high-protein content makes stretching the sheets a longer process than if using normal plain flour. Then I made the filling with freshly cooled, cooked, chopped and drained spinach and silverbeet, charred onion rings, low-fat/no-salt ricotta cheese, 2 tablespoons of chia seeds made into a gel with 1 cup of strong spinach and vegetable stock, balsamic glaze with tons of pepper and chilli flakes; also I made some olive oil infused wheat germ crumbs for the topping. I didn't use any béchamel sauce at all I made sure that I used plenty of greens (spinach and silverbeet), charred onion rings and the chia gel which really adds a wonderful moistness and creaminess to the dish. I only recently discovered chia seeds and how they can add a lot of flavour, moisture and creaminess to a recipe. 

    I really liked the ease of this recipe and the incredibly tasty filling which was creamy and flavoursome, it went down well with my buddies, the pasta actually tasted good and its mouth feel was just fine.

    A wonderful challenge thank you so much to our lovely host Manu.

    I worked out the nutritional information for the dish, the recipe made enough for four servings. Per serving; energy 350 cals, fat 11.5 gm, carbs 18 gm, protein 44 gm.     

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    Here is the link to the challenge recipes Manu did a wonderful job on the write-up I especially like the Cannelloni di magro recipe.   .
              March 2012 Daring Cooks' - Braving the braise        
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    This month's Daring Cooks' challenge was to braise we had complete freedom to do any sort of braise we wanted. What a fun challenge and so much freedom and from the superb responses from the other forum members this challenge went down really well, so many braise using all sorts of ingredients such as chicken, duck, pork, beef short ribs, fennel, root vegetables, tofu even moose!

    Recipe Source: Michael Ruhlman – Ruhlman’s Twenty

    Blog-checking lines: The March, 2012 Daring Cooks’ Challenge was hosted by Carol, a/k/a Poisonive – and she challenged us all to learn the art of Braising! Carol focused on Michael Ruhlman’s technique and shared with us some of his expertise from his book “Ruhlman’s Twenty”.

    See the PDF of the challenge recipes with hints and tips here.

    Balsamic vinegar and honey beef short ribs
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    I have been wanting to do a short rib recipe for a little while now so this challenge was perfect. Braising is such a great technique because:-
    1. the searing gives you great colour and add lots of flavour to the final dish
    2. as the connective tissues break down, they dissolve and form gelatin, which thickens the cooking liquid and gives it body and shine, meanwhile
    3. the braising causes the muscle fibers to absorb moisture from the cooking liquid and steam. Which gives you a juicy piece of meat. Braising also melds flavours from the stock, vegetables and any herbs and seasonings.

    So it is important to pay attention to searing the meat correctly (including the bones), and the flavouring ingredients in the braising liquid. Take careful note of all the wonderful tips and hints that our lovely hostess Carol has included in the challenge write up they really do work. I like a longer slower braising time at the lowest temperature 140°F/60°C to cook meat safely I think it really adds a lot more flavour into the meat.    

    This recipe uses an initial eight hour marinade of fried tomato paste for acidity, onions and garlic which is cleaned off then the ribs are seared, and then they are braised for 14 hours at 140°F/60°C (in a cool oven) in a mixture of ironbark honey and aged balsamic vinegar, a little red wine, smoked paprika, chilli flakes, bay leaf, a mirepoix, lots of pepper and the marinade. I used two bush tomatoes (an Australia native herb that is a strongly flavoured of tomato and eggplant even one is enough to perfume a whole room!) in the braising broth also, I was very lucky and got 3 kgs (6.6 lbs) of short ribs for only $10 (they were on special in the Asian butcher shop usually $15/kg) which consisted of two enormous slabs of meat studded with ribs. After the ribs were cooked and cooled the fat is taken off and the sauce is reduced to a thick shiny sticky consistency it has a super concentrated flavour. I was very impressed with the colour and flavour of the ribs a small amount of sauce goes a long long way in this recipe. Enough for many many meals I got almost 12 cups of braised meat and liquid.  I will make a meal using the ribs in the next of couple of days since I want maximum flavour infused into the meat. Incidentally I got a new camera so that's the reason for all the close-up shots of the ribs I was experimenting it is an Aldi Traveller brand $56 point and shoot.

    The butcher told me that oxtail will be on special soon maybe I will try that next, since all braises freeze well.

    The two humongous slabs of beef ribs they are about 1.5 kgs (3-1/3 lbs) each!
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    Seared beef ribs
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    The braised ribs cooled overnight in the refrigerator
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    The braised ribs before they were covered in the reduced sauce, even these are delicious
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    Caramel miso duck nibbles
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    I just had to do the caramel miso sauce it sounds so tasty, I got some duck pieces from my favourite gourmet butcher, I seared them to crisp up the duck skin and then oven braised them in the caramel miso sauce. Then I rested the braised meat in the fridge overnight then I removed a voluminous amount of duck fat (almost 1-1/2 cups) and strained the braising liquid and reduced it until it was thick and shiny. I used my new chopper to cut the cold braised duck pieces into bite sized nibbles (I find it is much easier to cut cooked poultry when it is cold). I coated the nibbles with the reduced caramel miso sauce and broiled (grilled) them until well coloured. I don't make duck that often since most of my friends dislike it (bad experiences at restaurants, greasy and tasteless) even my friend Cherie liked these nibbles, not greasy at all. The caramel miso sauce is to-die-for and can be used for meat and veggies a great recipe.
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    Slow braised sweet chilli squid
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    This is one of my favourite summer seafood dishes it is embarrassingly easy to make and it's a real crowd pleaser. When squid is slow braised it becomes extra soft (melt in your mouth) and sweet and in combination with sweet chilli sauce and a tomato/onion based pasta sauce produces an unctuous amalgam that emphasises the taste of the squid. The squid sauce is sweet and mild and perfect as a sauce for a seafood pasta dish. I seared the squid pieces and braised them for six hours on the lowest simmer.

    Slow braised sweet chilli squid
    (1-1/4 kg)(2-3/4 lb) 3 large squid (or you can use baby octopus about a dozen or so)
    3 cups pasta sauce (the kind that uses mainly tomato and onions, I use a good store bought kind, you can make you own if you wish, the sauce must be thick)
    3 tablespoons sweet chilli sauce
    optional 2 cloves of garlic crushed
    fresh lemon or lime juice, to taste if the sauce becomes too sweet

    Directions
    1. Clean the squid (remove the beak, the central clear cartilage, the fins, ink sack, the innards and scrap off most of the 'coloured' outer skin and scrap the tentacles to make sure that all of the sucker cartilage is removed). Cut the flesh into 2 cm (1 inch) pieces, cut the tentacles into 5 cm (2 inch) lengths. The pieces reduce in size by about 75% when braised so remember to cut the pieces much larger than the final cooked size. You can sear the pieces if you wish this adds a lot more flavour and colour to the pieces but increases the braising time by twice. Place the pieces into a medium stew pot.
    2. Add the pasta sauce, the sweet chilli sauce and the optional garlic.
    3. Slow braise uncovered in a very slow (90C/195F) oven or on the stove top just below a bare simmer for about 3 hours (check at 1 hour to see how much squid liquid is given off if there is a lot leave the pot uncovered, if the sauce is already thick cover the pot and add some water as needed during the braise) until the squid is soft to the tooth and the sauce has thicken and turned a brownish red colour, I have found you can simmer the sauce all day all that happens is the squid flesh becomes softer and softer and the sauce becomes more and more mellow. Makes 4 cups of squid pasta sauce suitable for about 8 servings.
    4. The squid pasta sauce is much better the next day, store in the fridge up to 5 days.
    5. Add fresh lime or lemon juice at the end of the cooking process to counter excessive sweetness if desired. Gremolata would be an excellent addition to the pasta dish.
    Notes:- try to get small-sized squid or baby octopus since their cooking time is about 2-3 hours, while one large (1-1/3 kg/3 lb) octopus can take 6+ hours!
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    A couple of questions about the squid from the challenge host
    1) You said searing increases the braising time...why? Do you have to the sear? Does the squid turn brown?
    2) How do you serve it - pasta, polenta, by itself?
    My answers
    Thank you so much for the kind kinds. Yes squid/octopus is perfect for long slow braising unlike some other seafood.
    Answer 1) There are two ways to cook squid one) fast and furious in a fry pan or a BBQ or two) a long slow bare simmer. So if you sear the squid first basically it is cooked therefore if you braise it after searing you need a lot more time to make the squid tender again. No you do not need to sear I usually just throw in the freshly cleaned and cut squid pieces into the sweet chilli tomato/onion sauce and braised it just like that with no problems. For special occasions I like to sear the squid first since it adds an additional flavour dimension to the final sauce but there is no real need to sear first if you do not want to. The sweet chilli tomato/onion sauce colours the squid flesh a light brown/red hue, if you sear first then the squid gets a very light brown colouring in addition to the brown/red hue that the sauce imparts to it.
    Answer 2) I just cook up some dry packet pasta and heat up some of the sauce and just add that to the pasta. I like to use black squid ink pasta to show off the colour of the squid and sauce. I think polenta (or sweet potato gnocchi) would be wonderful with the squid sauce though I never have had it that way. The squid sauce is great on pizza as well especially if you add some extra seafood like oysters or clams etc to the topping.

    Double squid pasta with gremolata
    Slowed braised sweet chilli squid served on squid ink pasta with gremolata
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    I had surprise lunch guests over so I thought that I would serve up the braised sweet chilli squid I made a few days ago I love this sauce since it takes no time to made up a restaurant quality dish (in appearance and flavour) literally 5 minutes. The use of squid ink pasta really adds a lovely base seafood flavour to the dish which enhances the braised squid sauce taste while the germolata adds a lovely "fresh" zing to the dish I never used germolata before now it is a must for me. For this recipe I cooked some squid ink pasta (5 mins), made the gremolata (4 mins) while heating the sweet chilli squid (3 mins in the microwave) then finally I added some sliced marinated sweet chillies as a garnish. The final dish looks stunning the contrast of colours and textures makes its very visually appealing. This was a smashing dish I thought there is something about the texture contrast of the squid and the pasta that is delightful. And I have half of the sauce left! I liked this dish so much I'm having it for dinner tonight with some guests. Serve with crunchy bread and a green salad. I think you can see why this is my all-time favourite summer seafood pasta recipe, it's simple fast and always gives a spectacular looking result.
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    The gremolata recipe
    Anchovy dill gremolata
    A gremolata is a quickly made condiment used to finish savoury dishes with bright fresh citrus-herb flavours.
    Ingredients:
    2 anchovy fillets, chopped fine
    1 lemon peel, zested fine
    1 garlic clove, minced fine
    1/4 cup Italian flat-leaf parsley, chopped fine
    1 tablespoon dill fronds, chopped fine
    1-1/2 tablespoons extra virgin oil
    1 teaspoon anchovy oil
    Optional 1 tablespoon shallot, finely chopped

    Directions:
    In a mortar and pestle mash and pound all the ingredients until a paste is formed. Dab or sprinkle sparingly over the pasta.

    If you like you can make orange fennel gremolata replace the lemon zest with orange zest and replace the dill with fennel fronds. Instead of the shallot use fennel.

    Sticky Sweet Braised Tofu Steaks with Asian Germolata
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    I wanted to braise at least one non-meat ingredient for this challenge I just had to make a braised tofu recipe (I love tofu and am always looking for ways to enjoy it). I have been wanting to make sticky sweet tofu (tau hu kho) for a while now so this was the perfect challenge for this dish. And since I'm in love with germolata at the moment I made an Asian germolata to serve with the braised tofu it consisted of coriander, lime zest, garlic, Thai basil, mint, lemongrass, crispy fried chilli pawn (shrimp), salt and dark roasted sesame seed oil. I seared the sliced bite-sized firm tofu pieces until lightly brown then I braised them in a mixture of kacap manis, honey, rice wine vinegar, ginger powder, onion powder, chilli paste and vegetable stock. During the simmering the braising liquid reduces to a thick shiny sauce which coat the pieces with sticky sweet deliciousness. I really like this cooking method for tofu it adds so much flavour and colour to the bean curb. These taste great at room temperature great for dinner parties. I just love how the bean curd absorbs the braising liquid and the sweet sticky coating is to die for, and I think the Asian germolata is a great addition to the original basic braised tofu.

    Sear the tofu pieces until brown
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    When seared transfer to a shallow saucepan and braise until the pieces expand about 15% (about 30 minutes to an hour), I fried the tofu in two batches you can see the difference before (the light coloured pieces) and after (the dark pieces) braising
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    The tofu after braising
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    The tofu topped with Asian germolata
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    Sticky Sweet Braised Tofu Steaks
    makes 12 mini-steaks
    500 gm (1 lb) extra firm tofu block
    3 tablespoons vegetable stock (or water)
    2 tablespoons soy sauce, salt-reduced
    3 tablespoons kacap manis
    2 tablespoons rice wine vingear
    juice from one lemon or two limes (use the zest for the Asian gremolata)
    2 tablespoons honey
    2 teaspoons dark sesame oil
    2 teaspoons ginger powder
    2 teaspoons onion powder
    1 teaspoon chilli paste
    1/2 teaspoon black pepper
    dash of salt
    2 tablespoons olive oil (for frying)

    Directions
    1. Combine all the braising ingredients in a small bowl mix well check for taste it should be slightly sweet with a salty sour after-taste adjust seasoning as needed, set aside.
    2. Drain tofu, slice into 1-1/2 inch (4 cm) square pieces about 1/2 inch (1-1/4 cm) thick, pat dry with paper towels. Squares work best for searing and braising.
    3. Add oil to a frying pan heat on medium heat until the oil shimmers.
    4. Fry the tofu until browned (about 3-5 minutes each side). Do not overcrowd the frying pan, it is best to fry the tofu in small batches. Remove browned pieces set aside. Clean the fry pan if needed.
    5. Add the braising liquid into the frying pan gently heat until barely simmering, add the browned tofu pieces in one layer braise (turning once or twice) until the pieces expand about 15% (about 30 minutes to one hour) and the braising liquid is thick and coats the tofu (add more water as needed). Check for sweetness add lemon juice as needed. Serve warm or at room temperature, braised tofu reheats wonderfully. It tastes even better the next day. Stores for 5 days in the fridge.

    Asian Gremolata
    Provides a generous topping for 12 sticky sweet tofu steaks
    A herb-citrus gremolata made with traditional Asian ingredients

    Ingredients:
    2 tablespoon crispy fried pawn (shrimp) flakes or crispy fried shallots, chopped fine
    2 lime peels (or 1 lemon peel), zested fine
    2 garlic cloves, minced fine
    1/4 cup coriander (cilantro), chopped fine
    1 tablespoon lemon grass, chopped fine
    1 tablespoon Thai basil, chopped fine
    1 tablespoon mint, chopped fine
    2 to 3 teaspoons sesame oil
    1 tablespoon shallot, finely chopped
    1 teaspoon chilli paste (mild or hot as to taste)
    1/4 teaspoon salt

    Directions:
    In a mortar and pestle mash and pound all the ingredients while adding teaspoons of sesame oil until a paste is formed. Dab or sprinkle generously over the braised tofu pieces.
              February 2012 Daring Bakers’ Challenge - Quick Breads        
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    Blog-checking lines: The Daring Bakers’ February 2012 host was – Lis! Lis stepped in last minute and challenged us to create a quick bread we could call our own. She supplied us with a base recipe and shared some recipes she loves from various websites and encouraged us to build upon them and create new flavor profiles.

    Posting Date: February 27, 2012

    Recipe Source: The basic quick bread recipe is from Sara Schewe. The prune bread recipe was my Aunty Ann’s recipe. The Meyer Lemon Loaf and Green Onion, Cheddar & Asiago Beer Batter Bread were adapted from Recipe Girl (http://www.recipegirl.com/2008/08/13/meyer-lemon-loaf/ & http://www.recipegirl.com/2007/05/30/cheddar-chive-beer-bread/ ). The Pumpkin Bread with Maple Cream Cheese Filling was adapted from Dana Ramsey’s recipe located on Just a Pinch Recipe Club.


    Basic Quick Bread
    Makes one 9” x 5” (23×13 cm) loaf
    Recipe from Sara Schewe
    Ingredients
    2 cups (480 ml) (250 gm/9 oz) all-purpose (plain) flour
    1 cup (240 ml) (225 gm/8 oz) granulated sugar
    1 teaspoon (5 ml) (5 gm) baking soda
    1/2 teaspoon (2½ ml) (3 gm) fine sea salt or table salt
    1 cup (240 ml) buttermilk or soured milk*
    1 large egg
    1/4 cup (60 ml) mild- or non-flavored oil, like canola
    1 teaspoon (5 ml) flavored extract, such as vanilla or almond

    for the glaze
    1/3 cup (80 ml) (35 gm/1-1/3 oz) confectioners’ (icing) sugar
    1-2 teaspoons (5-10 ml) milk

    Directions:

    1. Preheat oven to moderate 350ºF/180ºC/gas mark 4. Grease a 9×5 inch (23×13 centimeter) loaf pan with butter and line with parchment paper cut to fit the length and width of the pan, with enough overhang to allow easy removal after baking. Grease the top sheet of parchment.
    2. In large bowl, whisk flour, sugar, baking soda and salt to combine. Make a well in the center and set aside.