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          2017 Trafficking in Persons Report - Equatorial Guinea        
Publisher: United States Department of State - Document type: Annual Reports
          "Manna From Heaven"? How Health and Education Pay the Price for Self-Dealing in Equatorial Guinea        
Publisher: Human Rights Watch - Document type: Country Reports
          Equatorial Guinea: Free Human Rights Defenders        
Publisher: Human Rights Watch - Document type: Country News
          Equatorial Guinea: Free Human Rights Defenders        
Publisher: Amnesty International - Document type: Country News
          2016 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - Equatorial Guinea        
Publisher: United States Department of State - Document type: Annual Reports
          Amnesty International Report 2016/17 - Equatorial Guinea        
Publisher: Amnesty International - Document type: Annual Reports
          World Report 2017 - Equatorial Guinea        
Publisher: Human Rights Watch - Document type: Annual Reports
          Ban welcomes resolution of border dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Gabon        
Publisher: UN News Service - Document type: Country News
          Liberia journalist detained for republishing story about president of Equatorial Guinea        
Publisher: Committee to Protect Journalists - Document type: Country News
          Equatorial Guinea: Blogger and literary magazine editor starts hunger strike in protest against lack of freedom        
Publisher: Reporters Without Borders - Document type: Country News
          Equatorial Guinea: AFP and RFI correspondent released after four months in jail        
Publisher: Reporters Without Borders - Document type: Country News
          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

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          Ebola control: the Cuban approach        
More than 160 Cuban doctors and nurses arrived in Sierra Leone on Oct 2, 2014, to support local teams in controlling the Ebola epidemic. 300 more are being trained in Cuba at present and will be on their way to Liberia and Guinea in the coming weeks. The worldwide response to the Ebola epidemic has been slow and small. More nurses and doctors are certainly needed, not only from Cuba, but also from other countries.
The Cuban health-care system is capable of responding to international crises quickly. After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, more than 1000 health-care professionals were deployed. Cuba has provided free medical training for Haitians, graduating nearly 1000 doctors, with a further 400 in training at present. The Cuban approach to a crisis is not just a high-profile acute-phase response, but also involves going to where services are most needed, working with local communities, setting up infrastructure, with a long-term view.
Cuban medical education is backed by a rigorous accreditation system, which includes medical schools established in partnership with other Latin American and African countries.1 The Cuban approach emphasises prevention and social responsibility. Although conventional medical education trains all doctors to a particular level at which they can choose their specialty, primary care being one of these, the Cuban model (curriculum runs for 5 years with a 1 year internship) trains all doctors to become primary care and community practitioners first; further specialisation comes later. This approach is especially relevant in low-income countries where a commitment exists to universal health coverage with few financial and human resources.
The stated goals of the Cuban medical education system are to scale up physician training to meet the needs of the whole population; recruit and train scientifically prepared and socially committed students; and match competencies, knowledge bases, and the scope of responsibilities to the concrete health needs of people in Cuba and other countries where these future physicians might serve.2 Moreover, the Cuban approach delivers better health outcomes at lower cost than most health-care systems.3
During the past 50 years, the Cuban Medical Cooperation programme has worked in more than 100 countries. In 2013, more than 50 000 Cuban health-care professionals (19 000 of them medical doctors) were present in 66 countries, mostly in rural and remote areas. Since the establishment of the Latin American School of Medicine in 1999, it has trained over 20 000 doctors from Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia, offering free scholarships to students coming from rural, remote, and low-income families.
The transferability of the Cuban model of training in Africa is now well established, with medical schools established in Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Eritrea, and Tanzania, and partnerships with existing African universities in 25 countries. To date, these initiatives have graduated over 560 doctors, with a further 5700 in training. The Cuban model might well deliver better value for money in Africa and is redressing the inequity in rural—urban distribution of doctors.
Worldwide, medical education has not kept pace with health challenges; it is fragmented, outdated, and produces ill-equipped graduates for patient and population needs.4 The effects on the health-care system are profound: poor teamwork; predominant hospital orientation at the expense of primary care; and weak leadership to improve health-care system performance. A redesign of professional health-care education is necessary.
In May, 2014, the World Health Assembly called for a Global Strategy on Human Resources for Health in response to slow progress in expansion of the workforce since the World Health Report 2006. Universal health coverage will only be achieved if health-care workforce challenges are addressed,5 and yet, examples of effective action are few. The Cuban model of medical education—supporting the rapid expansion of the health-care workforce in partner countries and responding to worldwide crises, such as Ebola—provides a rich case study to inform the Global Strategy on Human Resources for Health.
In their analysis of the Cuban health-care system, Cooper and colleagues6 stated that “If the accomplishments of Cuba could be reproduced across a broad range of poor and middle-income countries the health of the world's population would be transformed.” Surely the time has come to put this statement to the test.
References
1 Quintana F, Sarasa NL, Cañizares O, Huguet Y. Assessment of a complementary curricular strategy for training South African physicians in a Cuban medical university. MEDICC Rev 2012; 14: 19-24. PubMed
2 Morales Idel R, Fernández JA, Durán F. Cuban medical education: aiming for the six-star doctor. MEDICC Rev 2008; 10: 5-9. PubMed
3 Drain PK, Barry M. Fifty years of U.S. embargo: Cuba's health outcomes and lessons. Science 2010; 328: 572-573. CrossRef | PubMed
4 Frenk J, Chen L, Bhutta ZA, et al. Health professionals for a new century: transforming education to strengthen health systems in an interdependent world. Lancet 2010; 376: 1923-1958. Full Text | PDF(1696KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
5 Vega J. Universal health coverage: the post-2015 development agenda. Lancet 2013; 381: 179-180. Full Text | PDF(560KB) | CrossRef | PubMed
6 Cooper RS, Kennelly JF, Orduñez-Garcia P. Health in Cuba. Int J Epidemiol 2006; 35: 817-824. CrossRef | PubMed

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          Northeastern Quartersphere - Wikipedia        

Northeastern Quartersphere

This is the Wikipedia article for "Northeastern Quartersphere" as it appeared on January 26, 2012, shortly prior to its expected deletion as original research.

The terms Northeastern Quarter or Northeastern Quadrant or simply Northeast are sometimes applied to the portion of the Northern Hemisphere in the Eastern Hemisphere or vice versa. If it's lateral boundaries are based on the Prime Meridian, this region includes most of Asia and Europe, a large portion of Africa and some islands in Oceania. The Northeast covers about two fifths of the Earth's land surface area and hosts 75-80% of the world's population. It is the only quarter bounded by the Prime Meridian and Equator that is mostly land. The Northeast hosts about two fifths of the world's economic activity.
Eastern portion of Earth's Northern Hemisphere

Countries

* Europe
o If the Prime Meridian is used as the Western boundary, all except Portugal, most of the United Kingdom, much of Spain and France. If the 20th meridian west, then all of Europe.

* Africa
o If the Prime Meridian is the lateral boundary, then all of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, most of Somalia, most of Kenya, most of Uganda, Southern Sudan, part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, parts of Gabon, parts of Equatorial Guinea, parts of Rio Muni, parts of Sao Tome and Principe, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Chad, most of Niger, part of Mali, most of Algeria, Libya and Tunisia are in this region. If the 20th meridian west is used, then all of Africa North of the Equator.

* Asia
o all except some portions of Indonesia.

* Oceania
o If Prime Meridian is used as the lateral boundary, then Palau, Guam, the Marianas Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, part of Kiribati and Wake Island. If the 20th meridian west is used as the boundary in the West and the 160th meridian east in the East, then only Palau, Guam, the Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Bodies of water

* The Arctic Ocean in the Eastern Hemisphere,
* The Western portion of the North Sea, most of the Mediterranean Sea, and all of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea of the Atlantic Ocean,
* The Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean,
* The Eastern Bering Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan/East Sea, the Yellow Sea, East China Sea the South China Sea, the Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, Gulf of Thailand and open ocean in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
          Reply #178        
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          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauAfrica is the second-largest continent in the world.Here is the list of 55 countries in Africa and their capitals.
Africa
Africa






S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Algeria
Algiers
2.
Angola
Luanda
3.
Benin
Porto-Novo
4.
Botswana
Gaborone
5.
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
6.
Burundi
Bujumbura
7.
Cameroon
Yaoundé
8.
Cape Verde
Praia
9.
The Central African Republic
Bangui
10.
The Comoros
Moroni
11.
Cote d'Ivoire
Yamoussoukro
12.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kinshasa
13.
Djibouti
Djibouti
14.
Egypt
Cairo
16.
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo
17.
Eritrea
Asmara
18.
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
19.
Gabon
Libreville
20.
The Gambia
Banjul
21.
Ghana
Accra
22.
Guinea
Conakry
23.
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
24.
Chad
N'Djamena
25.
Kenya
Nairobi
26.
Lesotho
Maseru
27.
Liberia
Monrovia
28.
Libya
Tripoli
29.
Madagascar
Antananarivo
30.
Malawi
Lilongwe

31.
Mali
Bamako
32.
Mauritania
Nouakchott
33.
Mauritius
Port Louis
34.
Morocco
Rabat
35.
Mozambique
Maputo
36.
Namibia
Windhoek
37.
Niger
Niamey
38.
Nigeria
Abuja
39.
The Republic of the Congo
Brazzaville
40.
Rwanda
Kigali
41.
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé


42.
Senegal
Dakar
43.
The Seychelles
Victoria
44.
Sierra Leone
Freetown
45.
Somalia
Mogadishu
46.
South Africa
Pretoria
47.
Sudan
Khartoum
48.
Swaziland
Mbabane
49.
Tanzania
Dodoma
50.
Togo
Lomé
51.
Tunisia
Tunis
52.
Uganda
Kampala
53.
Western Sahara
Laayoune
54.
Zambia
Lusaka
55.
Zimbabwe
Harare

          10 Things You Never Knew About Spain        

Spain is one of the world's oldest cultures, steeped in a rich heritage and influential across continents throughout history. The Mediterranean climate and idyllic coastline attract millions of tourists every year, making Spain one of the top holiday destinations in Europe.

Despite most peoples' familiarity with Spain, there are some interesting facts about the country that will surprise you. Let's take a look….

FACT ONE:
Most people think that Italy is the main producer of olive oil whereas in reality, Spain produces 45% of all the olive oil in the world! The average Spaniard consumes almost 14 litres of olive oil each year.
FACT TWO:
Spain has had a number of different names throughout its history.
The North African inhabitants who first crossed the Straits of Gibraltar called the country Iberia, meaning land of rivers. When the Greeks followed and invaded the peninsula, they called the land Hesperia, meaning 'land of the setting sun' as it was the westernmost point of the European continent at that time.
Around 300BC, the Carthaginians were next to claim what is now Spain, naming it Ispania which means 'land of the rabbits'. Later when the Romans took over, they Latinised the name to Hispania. Over time this changed to España and so essentially, Spain remains the 'land of rabbits'!
FACT THREE:
Spaniards traditionally have two surnames. The first surname is taken from the father and the second from the mother. For example, if your name is Juan Martín Lopez and your wife's name is Elena González García, your child's surname will be Martín González.
FACT FOUR:
The physical centre of Spain is the Puerta del Sol ('Gate of the Sun') plaza in Madrid. It is marked as KM0 for the Spanish radial road network.
FACT FIVE:
Although Christopher Columbus was Italian, he had an agreement with the Spanish Catholic Monarchs leading to him setting sail for the Indies under the auspices of the Spanish Monarchy.
The terms of the agreement were that Columbus could claim governorship of all lands he found for Spain, a tenth of all revenue from new found lands and the title of 'Admiral of the Ocean'. The monarchy agreed to his terms only to renege on them when he surprised them by returning!
FACT SIX:
Don Quixote by Spanish author Miguel Cervantes, originally published in 1605 was voted the 'most meaningful book of all time' in 2002 by a panel of 100 top authors including, Salman Rushdie, Norman Mailer, Doris Lesson and Caroles Fuentes.
FACT SEVEN:
Spanish is the second most widely-spoken language in the world, with 410 million native speakers.
Other than Spain, it is the official language of the following countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Paraguay, Panama, Mexico, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Ecuador, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Peru, Uruguay, Puerto Rico, Venezuela and Equatorial Guinea.
FACT EIGHT:
Spain is the 13th largest economy in the world with a GDP of €1 trillion. The nation also has a very high Human Development Index, ranked 23rd in the world, indicating the level of education in Spain.
FACT NINE:
Between 711 and 718AD, Islamic Moorish armies conquered nearly all of Spain. Muslim rule persisted in the country for almost 781 years although often fragmented. Thanks to the Muslim legacy, Spain now has a more unique culture and heritage than its neighbour France.
FACT TEN:
Spanish football club Real Madrid is the most valuable sports team in the world. They boast annual revenues in excess of €500m and a brand value of €2.4bn. Arch rivals Barcelona rank third with a brand value of €1.9bn.

Article by +https://plus.google.com/104516603036446499629?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Bye bye Jammeh: Hope and challenges in The Gambia        

Only disgraced ex-president Yahya Jammeh’s most hardcore supporters turned up to watch as he boarded a private jet at the weekend for exile in Equatorial Guinea. Some soldiers and members of his political party cried and shouted: “Daddy, Daddy”. Others aggressively jeered at supporters of The Gambia’s new coalition government.

But once he took to the skies, most of the nation breathed a collective sigh of relief.

“This day is amazing. We didn’t see it coming. We didn’t believe that he would leave, and the fact that this has happened democratically is the greatest achievement,” said 24-year-old Aminata, part of a youth group helping Gambian refugees as they arrived back at the ferry terminal in Banjul.

“A year ago, we thought this would be impossible. But now we are hopeful that things will change. Now, we feel that destiny is in our hands, because leaders will have to be more accountable. Now, we know the power of our vote.”

The moment was all the more remarkable because of what was at stake if the situation had unravelled. “We are in disbelief that we have come out of this in peace. We are glad that Jammeh has gone, but in a solemn way, because we came so close to war,” added Aminata’s friend, Khadija.

Adama Barrow, The Gambia’s new president, was sworn in last week. For his safety, the ceremony had to take place in Dakar, Senegal, and he was not planning to return home until a West African military intervention force had secured the country.

They were poised across the border the night Barrow was sworn in, and the threat of force was crucial in buttressing mediation efforts by the West African regional bloc ECOWAS that eventually succeeded in pressuring Jammeh to accept his electoral defeat and step down.

ECOWAS troops and military vehicles now patrol the streets of Banjul, cheered as they pass. Gambian soldiers are meanwhile being disarmed because of a concern that rogue elements, still loyal to Jammeh, could cause trouble.

Adama Barrow - the man of the moment
Jason Florio/IRIN
Adama Barrow - the man of the moment

From total power to ignominy

Jammeh, along with a group of other young officers, came to power in a coup in 1994. After 22 years of oppressive rule, in which arbitrary detention, torture, and disappearances were common, he suffered a shock electoral defeat in a 1 December ballot that most analysts assumed he would rig.

At first, Jammeh magnanimously accepted the result, only to change tack a week later and declare the poll void. He petitioned the Supreme Court for a fresh election, but as he had sacked most of the judges 18 months previously the court could not hear the challenge before May.  

He then declared a state of emergency that technically would have allowed him to stay in power for another three months. This desperate, last-ditch attempt to cling to power was ignored by the West African leaders who were working to resolve the crisis.

By then, Jammeh’s grip on power was already slipping. Most of his cabinet had deserted him and his army chief, General Ousman Badjie, had conceded that his soldiers would not resist the ECOWAS intervention force.

Barrow’s inauguration speech embraced the history-making moment. “This is a day no Gambian will ever forget,” he said. “The capacity to effect change through the ballot box has proven that power belongs to the people in The Gambia. Violent change is banished forever from the political life of our country. All Gambians are therefore winners.”

But the fact that Barrow’s much-anticipated swearing-in couldn’t take place on Gambian soil is a bitter reminder of the regime’s far-reaching net of oppression.   

Jammeh had ordered there to be no inauguration celebrations. In the event, nothing could stop at least several thousand young Gambians defiantly taking to the streets.

At Westfield Junction – the symbolic location just outside Banjul where opposition activist Solo Sandeng was arrested in April last year after calling for electoral reform (he was subsequently tortured to death) – the crowd grew and grew. Above the throng was one united cry: “Gambia has decided”.

Throughout the political impasse, activists had been peacefully campaigning to ensure Gambians’ democratic choice was upheld. #GambiaHasDecided became a social media phenomenon, also appearing on billboards and T-shirts, defying Jammeh’s attempts to silence dissent.

Gambians that fled come home
Jason Florio/IRIN
Gambians that fled come home

What now?

Having put themselves on the line, young Gambians who voted for change are determined to see a new Gambia achieved.

“The day the coalition was formed – that was the day the whole country smiled,” said Momodou Jallow, 28.

But Jallow also offered a sobering reminder to the coalition not to lose sight of how they came to power. “I voted for Adama Barrow not because I liked him but because I didn’t want to vote for Jammeh,” he told IRIN.

Jallow, who was recently arrested for posting views critical of Jammeh’s government on social media, wants to see a change in the constitution, in particular the introduction of a two-term presidential limit.

And there are plenty of other challenges facing the new administration. After more than 22 years of Jammeh’s autocratic rule, it must start pretty much from scratch: having to install a cabinet, institute a proper rule of law, and launch much-needed military and political reforms amid a climate of both uncertainty and expectation.

Barrow began announcing his cabinet on Monday. A notable pick was Vice President Fatoumata Tambajang, a former minister and United Nations Development Programme staffer credited as the main force in galvanising the previously fractious opposition parties.

One of the new administration’s first tasks will be to support the return of the 46,000 refugees estimated by the UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR, to have fled to Senegal and Guinea over the past weeks, fearing impending conflict.

An estimated 25,000 have also been internally displaced, according to the Gambian Red Cross Society. Almost everyone in the capital sent family members – mainly women, children, and the elderly – away to the sanctuary of relatives in other parts of the country.

Extra pressure is being placed on already stretched food supplies and sanitation in the some of The Gambia’s poorest communities, according to a rapid assessment survey by United Purpose, an NGO.

Jammeh’s stubbornness also hurt Gambia’s already ailing economy by dealing a blow to its main revenue earner – tourism. As the crisis deepened, Western governments sent charter planes to pick up holidaymakers, right in the middle of peak season.

Watching the inauguration
Jason Florio/IRIN
The revolution is televised - watching the inauguration

Tackling impunity

But uppermost in many Gambians’ minds is how Jammeh and his accomplices will be made to pay for the wide-ranging crimes and abuses perpetrated under his regime.

Jammeh is free to return to The Gambia in the future under the exile terms set out in a joint statement by the UN, the Afrcian Union, and ECOWAS. These state that he, his family, and his senior aides should have the same rights to dignity and safety as any former president.

The unsigned communique implies that he will have impunity from prosecution but it doesn’t impose any legal obligations on the new Gambian administration. Barrow has since referred to it as a “resolution, not an agreement”.

Barrow’s administration intends to establish a truth and reconciliation committee, which will gather evidence. But some people do not think this process will go far enough.

The new government’s spokesman, Halifa Sallah, has already hinted that it may not be in the national interest to delve too deeply into the past.

But Fatou Jagne, West Africa director of human rights NGO, Article 19, has welcomed a homegrown reconciliation process, saying: “We need to give Gambians a chance to set up a mechanism that will work for them to get to the justice and the truth.”

New Gambia has begun. It’s a place where people can now speak freely and have hope for the future, but the new administration will need to carefully manage the soaring expectations of its people, according to Abdul Aziz Bensouda, secretary-general of the Gambian Bar Association.

“People have expectations for rapid development, but [this will be difficult] with a budget that’s just enough to pay the bills,” he said. “It is a case of trying to right the wrongs under Jammeh’s regime, and move us [forward].”

lh/oa/ag

TOP PHOTO: Gambians welcome West African ECOMIG troops to Banjul. CREDIT: Jason Florio

Bye bye Jammeh: Hope and challenges in The Gambia West African ECOMIG troops welcomed in Banjul.jpg Louise Hunt Feature Conflict Human Rights Politics and Economics BANJUL IRIN Africa West Africa Gambia
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          Arvind Ganesan        

Arvind Ganesan is the director of Human Rights Watch’s Business and Human Rights Division. He leads the organization’s work to expose human rights abuses linked to business and other economic activity, hold institutions accountable, and develop standards to prevent future abuses. This work has included research and advocacy on awide range of issues includingthe extractive industries; public and private security providers; international financial institutions; freedom of expression and information through the internet; labor rights; supply chain monitoring and due diligence regimes; corruption; sanctions; and predatory practices against the poor. Ganesan’s work has covered countries such as Angola, Azerbaijan, Burma, China, Colombia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, India, Indonesia, the United States, and Nigeria. His recent research has focused on predatory lending practices and governance issues on Native American reservations in the United States. He has written numerous reports, op-eds, and other articles and is widely cited by the media.

Ganesan has also worked to develop industry standards to ensure companies and other institutions respect human rights. He is a founder of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights for the oil, gas, and mining industries and is a founding member of the Global Network Initiative (GNI) for the internet and telecommunications industries, where he also serves on the board. Ganesan has helped to develop standards for international financial institutions such as the World Bank, and regularly engages governments in an effort to develop mandatory rules or strengthen existing standards such as the Kimberley Process. He serves on the board of EGJustice, a nongovernmental organization that promotes good governance in Equatorial Guinea, and is a member of the International Corporate Accountability Roundtable (ICAR)’s steering committee.

Before joining Human Rights Watch, Ganesan worked as a medical researcher. He attended the University of Oklahoma.


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Ft Smith, Arkansas 72906 USA
Phone: 918-436-2491
Fax: 918-436-2493
E-Mail: alexdrlg1@aol.com
Web: www.alexandersrilling.com
_______________________________________
ALTHEV OILFIELD SERVICES LTD.
3 Teak Street
Trincity TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Phone: 868-640-5604
Fax: 868-640-8619
E-Mail: awilliams@althev.com
____________________________________

AMERICAN DRILLING
CONTRACTORS, LLC
3100 La Plata Highway
Farmington, New Mexico 87401
USA
Phone: 505-564-3111
Fax: 505-564-3109
_______________________________
ANWAR AKKAD SONS COMPANY
5th Floor, Dar El Mohandseen Bldg
Arnos Square
Damascus SYRIA
Phone: 963/11 3322683
Fax: 963/11 3326666
E-Mail: unitedoil@mail.sy
______________________________________
APACHE DRILLING CO.
4001-A N. Main
Fort Worth, Texas 76106 USA
Phone: 817-625-7897
Fax: 702-552-9790
________________________________
PT APEXINDO PRATAMA DUTA
TBK
MEDCO Building 2nd-3rd floor
Jl Ampera Raya No 20
Cilandak
Jakarta 12560 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-7804766
Fax: 62/21-7804666
E-Mail: investorrelations@
apexindo.com
Web: www.Apexindo.com
______________________________________
PT APEXINDO PRATAMA DUTA
Jl. Jend. Sudirman
Balikpapan Permai Complex
Block L No 10-12
Balikpapan, East Kalimantan 76114
INDONESIA
Phone: 62/542-410258
Fax: 62/542-411788
E-Mail: investorrelations@
apexindo.com
________________________________
MESA DRILLING INC.
2929 Briarpark Dr
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-993-7082
Fax: 713-993-7084
____________________________________
ARAB DRILLING & WORKOVER CO.
PO Box 680
Tripoli LIBYA
Phone: 218/21-4804855
Fax: 218/21-4804998
E-Mail: adwoc@lttnet.net
______________________________________
ARROW DRILLING, LLC
3817 NW Expressway, Ste 605
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73112
USA
Phone: 405-917-7860
Fax: 405-917-7862
E-Mail:
bradpumphrey@coxinet.net
______________________________________
ARTESIA FISHING TOOL CO INC
P.O. Box 1370
Artesia, New Mexico 88211 USA
Phone: 505-746-3518
Fax: 505-748-2205
E-Mail: aftdrlg@pvtnetworks.net
_______________________________________
ASCOM GROUP S.A.
18, Renasterii Bld. Chisinau
Republic of Moldova MD-2005
MOLDOVA
Phone: 373/22-221872
Fax: 373/22-227566
E-Mail: info@ascom.md
___________________________________
CASCO-DRILLING CONTRACTOR
AND TURNKEY OPERATOR
Manghistau Oblast
Beyneu District, Borankul
Republic of Kazakhstan
KAZAKHSTAN
Phone: 7/3292510602
ASPEN DRILLING CO., INC.
9054 Highway So. 285
Morrison, Colorado 80465 USA
Phone: 303-697-8335
Fax: 303-697-6816
E-Mail: cmcaspen@aol.com
____________________________________
ASSOCIATION OF DRILLING
CONTRACTORS
PO Box 623
Moscow 117049 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-236-9714
Fax: 7/095-236-9714
__________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS
PO Box 218350
Houston, Texas 77218-8350 USA
15835 Park Ten Place Dr Ste 200
Houston, Texas 77084-5131 USA
Phone: 281-749-7800
Toll Free: 800-231-5924
Fax: 281-492-0345
Web: www.atwd.com
____________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS SERVICES
400 Orchard Rd #06-09A
Orchard Towers (Front Block)
Singapore 238875 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/7373492
Fax: 65/7336386
_____________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS AUSTRALIA
PTY. LTD.
35 Peel Rd
O’Connor, WAU 6163 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/8-93312099
Fax: 61/8-93371383
______________________________________
ATWOOD OCEANICS PACIFIC
LIMITED ATWOOD OCEANICS
INT’L., LIMITED
Road #11, #10B, 4th Floor
Maadi EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-706-6167
Fax: 20/2-706-6166
_____________________________________
____________________________

AXXIS DRILLING
1015 N. Cruse Avenue
Broussard, Louisiana 70518 USA
Phone: 337-837-8806
Fax: 337-837-8807
E-Mail: rborel@axxisdrilling.com
1 Inland Barges
Gulf Coast, USA
_____________________________________
AZTEC INT’L. LTD.
1000/40-41, 11th Flr, P.B. Tower
Sukhumvit 71 Road
Klongtonnua, Wattana
Bangkok 10110 THAILAND
Phone: 66/2-3910765
Fax: 66/2-3812800
E-Mail: info@aztec.co.th
Web: www.aztec.co.th
___________________________________
AZTEC WELL SERVICING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 100
Aztec, New Mexico 87410 USA
Phone: 505-334-6194
Fax: 505-334-8729
E-Mail: stewart-aws@digii.net
__________________________________________
BANDERA DRILLING CO., INC.
809 T & P Lane
Abilene, Texas 79602-3099 USA
Phone: 325-676-5591
Toll Free: 800-634-3693
Fax: 325-676-5599
E-Mail: ray@banderadrlg.com
Web: www.banderadrilling.com
_________________________________________
BARNICO DRILLING INC.
1006 An Co Rd 2212
Palestine 75803
Phone: 903-729-1509
Fax: 903-729-5793
___________________________________
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
P O Box 10460
Midland, Texas 79702 USA
400 West Illinois, Ste 800
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-620-5500
Fax: 432-620-5501
E-Mail:
info@basicenergyservices.com
Web:
www.basicenergyservices.com
_____________________________________________
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 10460
Midland, TX 79702 USA
406 N. Big Spring
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-571-8100
Fax: 432-620-5501
Charlie Swift, VP-Permian Division
Charley Gregg, Marketing
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
2417 Wilcox Drive
Norman, OK 73069 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Terry Yates, Manager-Mid
Continent Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 1519
Eastland, TX 76488 USA
14902 IH 20
Cisco, Texas 76437 USA
Phone: 254-442-2200
Fax: 254-442-1699
Tim Dame, VP-North Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
9674 Highway 149
Longview, TX 75603 USA
Phone: 903-643-1140
Fax: 903-643-7590
Marvin Hall, VP-ArkLaTex Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 846
Kingsville, TX 78364 USA
100 E Kleberg, Ste 324
Kingsville, Texas 78364 USA
Phone: 361-592-3200
Fax: 361-592-3297
Tom Best, VP-South Texas Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 20478
Beaumont, TX 77720 USA
9045 Hwy 124
Beaumont, Texas 77720 USA
Phone: 409-842-6262
Fax: 409-842-1094
Morris B Windham, VP-Gulf Coast
Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
1490 West Canal Court, Ste 1000
Littleton, CO 80120 USA
Phone: 303-224-9700
Fax: 303-224-9710
Scott Kinnamon, VP-Rocky
Mountain Division
BASIC ENERGY SERVICES
PO Box 2783
Farmington, NM 87499-2783 USA
Phone: 505-634-0113
Fax: 505-634-0114
Jerry Tufly, Manager-Four Corners
Division
__________________________________________
BASIN DRILLING COMPANY L.L.C.
PO Box 277
Aberdeen, Mississippi 39730 USA
Phone: 662-369-0394
Fax: 662-369-0307
E-Mail: ccasindrlg@aol.com
____________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
12225 Greenville Ave Ste 950
Dallas, Texas 75243 USA
Phone: 972-889-2100
Fax: 972-889-2104
________________________________________
BEARCAT DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 717
Farmington, NM 87499 USA
5424 US Hwy 64
Farmington,NewMexico87401USA
Phone: 505-327-5218
Fax: 505-564-9185
E-Mail: bearcat@acrnet.com
__________________________________________
BIG 6 DRILLING COMPANY
7500 San Felipe Ste 250
Houston, Texas 77063 USA
Phone: 713-783-2300
Fax: 713-783-4463
E-Mail:
mdstone@big6drilling.com
Web: www.big6drilling.com
______________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING COMPANY,
LLC
PO Box 613
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
17525 US Hwy 34
Fort Morgan, Colorado 80701 USA
Phone: 303-867-4736
Fax: 970-867-3714
E-Mail: hgreenwood@bigdogshark.
com
______________________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
110 N. Marienfeld Ste 200
Midland, Texas 79701 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
___________________________________
BIG DOG DRILLING CO.
1612 East Co Rd 115
Midland, TX 79706 USA
Phone: 432-570-7355
Fax: 432-570-7734
__________________________________________
BIG E DRILLING CO Div of Eastham
Enterprises
4710 Bellaire Blvd Ste 350
Bellaire, Texas 77401 USA
Phone: 713-661-6890
Fax: 713-661-8106
E-Mail: lyle@bigedrilling.com
________________________________________
BIG THREE DRILLING INC.
225 Main
Russell, Kansas 67665 USA
Phone: 785-483-3404
E-Mail: smk@media-net.net
_________________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
3993 Hwy 90
Columbus, Texas 78934 USA
Phone: 979-733-9688
Toll Free: (866) 897-3188
Fax: 979-733-9901
_______________________________________
BLACK CREEK DRILLING INC.
515 N. Sam Houston Pkwy East
Suite 400
Houston, TX 77060 USA
Phone: 281-847-1691
Fax: 281-847-2691
___________________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
15600 San Pedro, Ste 204
San Antonio, Texas 78232 USA
Phone: 210-495-5577
Fax: 210-495-0075
_______________________________________
BLACKBRUSH OIL & GAS, INC.
CATARINA FIELD OFFICE
19682 Hwy 83
Catarina, TX 78836 USA
Phone: 830-999-3400
Fax: 830-999-3404
____________________________________
BLUE RIBBON DRILLING, LLC
PO Box 279
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029-0279 USA
399258 W 1330 Dr
Dewey, Oklahoma 74029 USA
Phone: 918-534-2322
Fax: 918-534-2322
E-Mail: johnrountree@bratcooperating.
com
___________________________________________________
BMR DRILLING, INC.
501 West County Rd 109
Venus, Texas 76084 USA
Phone: 972-366-9933
Fax: 972-366-1649
_____________________________________________
BOLDON DRILLING
Colwick Industrial Estate
Colwick
Nottingham NG4 2BB ENGLAND
Phone: 44/115-9-611300
Fax: 44/115-9-617338
E-Mail: drill@bdf.co.uk
____________________________________________
BRENT BAKER DRILLING INC.
8005 S I-35 Ste 203
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73149
USA
Phone: 405-632-2982
Fax: 405-631-5612
________________________________________
BRONCO DRILLING CO. LLC
6601 South 29th
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73179
USA
Phone: 405-745-6060
Fax: 405-745-8096
E-Mail: shale@broncodrill.com
Web: www.broncodrill.com
________________________________________
BULGARGEOMIN LTD.
PO Box 600
Sofia 1000
3 Ogneboretz Str
Sofia 1619 BULGARIA
Phone: 359/2-9571466
Fax: 359/2-9571238
E-Mail: bgm@applet-bg.com
Web: www.bulgargeomin.com
____________________________________________
BURGAZ DRILLING COMPANY
Open Joint Stock Co. “Gazprom”
Prospekt Vemadskogo 41/1
Moscow 119991 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-7820943
Fax: 7/095-7820974
E-Mail:
burgaz@burgazgazprom.ru
__________________________________________
HORIZONTAL DRILLING CENTER
Orenburg RUSSIA
Phone: 7/3532-733509
Fax: 7/3532-733549
______________________________________________
CACTUS DRILLING COMPANY, LLC
PO Box 270848
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73137-
0848 USA
621 North Morgan Road
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73127
USA
Phone: 405-577-5347
Fax: 405-577-9306
E-Mail: ront@kfoc.net
___________________________________________
CANTEX DRILLING INC.
3953 W 42nd St
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-385-1744
Fax: 432-385-1745
_______________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, LP
PO Box 13678
Odessa, Texas 79768 USA
8901 N. County Road West
Odessa, Texas 79764 USA
Phone: 432-366-0161
Toll Free: 800-442-5224
Fax: 432-366-2433
E-Mail:
mike.roghair@oilstates.com
___________________________________________
________________________________________
CAPSTAR DRILLING, INC.
1432 Prairie Lane
Wooster, OH 44691 USA
Phone: 330-264-2206
Fax: 330-263-2134
_________________________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LTD.
Vishechnaya St, 3
North Wharf
Baku 370009 AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-974612
Fax: 994/12-974610
E-Mail: dave.walls@gsfdrill.com;
shaig.bakirov@gsfdrill.com
__________________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 17805
Denver, Colorado 80217 USA
1801 Broadway Ste 360
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-292-1206
Fax: 303-292-5843
E-Mail: cazamail@cazadrilling.com
_______________________________________
CAZA DRILLING INC.
PO Box 846
Williston, ND 58801 USA
Phone: 701-572-0131
Fax: 701-572-0447
____________________________________
CAZA DRILLING (CALIFORNIA)
INC.
7001 Charity Avenue
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0111
Toll Free: 800-443-5925
Fax: 661-589-0283
______________________________________
ENSIGN RESOURCE SERVICE
GROUP INC
400 5th Ave SW, Ste 900
Calgary, Alberta, AB T2P 0L6
CANADA
Phone: 403-262-1361
Fax: 403-265-7673
____________________________________
CDX-DART DRILLING &
TECHNOLOGY, LLC
5485 Beltline Road Ste 330
Dallas, Texas 75254 USA
Phone: 972-692-1400
Fax: 972-692-1401
E-Mail: steve.johnson@cdxdart.
com
Web: www.cdxgas.com
________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
BRISBANE (WACOL) OFFICE
49 Campbell St
Wacol, Queensland 4076
AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/7-38793333
Fax: 61/7-38793322
E-Mail:
info@centurydrilling.com.au
Web:
www.downergroup.com.au
_________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING LIMITED
INDONESIAN OFFICE
Jl Gaharu 1, #15
Cilandek Barat, Jakarta
Selatan 12430 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-7591 0650
Fax: 62/21-766 1308
E-Mail: cendril@indosat.net.id
___________________________________
CENTURY DRILLING & ENERGY
SERVICES (NZ) LIMITED
166 Karetoto Rd
Wairakei NEW ZEALAND
Phone: 64/7-3748899
Fax: 64/7-3748508
E-Mail: cdes@centurydrilling.co.nz
_______________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD HEADQUARTERS
Gastelun 367 P O Box 92
Eschen 9492 LIECHTENSTEIN
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
___________________________________________
CHALLENGER LTD
Challenger Bldg
1 El-Moshier Ahmed Ismail St
Heliopolis Cairo 11361 EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-2682810
Fax: 20/2-2676122
E-Mail: chmain@challenger.com.eg
__________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
3728 W Jones Ave
Garden City, Kansas 67846-9762 USA
Phone: 620-277-2062
Fax: 620-277-2094
E-Mail:
wvalentine@cheyennedrilling.com
Web: www.cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
PO Box 1085
Woodward, OK 73802 USA
Phone: 580-256-7226
Fax: 580-256-5665
E-Mail:
balexander@cheyennedrilling.com
___________________________________
CHEYENNE DRILLING, LP
500 Main, Suite 1110
Ft. Worth, TX 76102 USA
Phone: 817-332-1212
Fax: 817-332-1213
E-Mail:
ajjacques@cheyennedrilling.com
________________________________________
CHINA OILFIELD SERVICES LTD
PO Box 232
Beijing 101149
College Street, Yanjiao
East Beijing 101149 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-8452 2134
Fax: 86/10-84522133
___________________________________
CHINA FRANCE BOHAI
GEOSERVICES COMPANY LTD
PO Box 548
Tanggu
Tianjin 300452 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/22-66916447
Fax: 86/22-25311647
_____________________________
COASTAL DRILLING COMPANY,
L.L.C.
311 Saratoga Blvd
Corpus Christi, Texas 78417-3506
USA
Phone: 361-852-6195
Fax: 361-852-6676
E-Mail:
chris@coastaldrilling.com
______________________________
Monagas 6201 VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291 6430460
Fax: 58/291 6434205
E-Mail: comanpa@telcel.net.ve
Web: www.comanpa.com
_________________________________
CROSCO INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES CO. LTD.
Naftni servisi, d.o.o.
Ulica Grada Vukovara 18
Zagreb HR - 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385/1-3652 333
Fax: 385/1-3096 448
E-Mail: marketing@crosco.hr
_____________________________________
SEA HORSE SHIPPING INC.
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
NORDIC SHIPPING LTD
PO Box 1405
Majuro MARSHALL ISLANDS
________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED
Canada Court, Upland Road
St. Peter Port
Islands of Guernsey UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 1/780-988-2283
_________________________________
CROSCO DRILLING & WELL
SERVICES (UK) LIMITED
10 Orange Street
London UNITED KINGDOM
MIDEAST INTEGRATED DRILLING
& WELL SERVICES COMPANY LLC
(MIDWESCO)
P O Box 2670
Postal Code 112
Ruwi OMAN
Phone: 968/245 91493
Fax: 968/245 94732
E-Mail: crosco@omantel.net.om
__________________________________
NOBLE CROSCO DRILLING LTD
PO Box 20585
Doha QATAR
Phone: 97/4-4352-004
Fax: 97/4-4352-263
E-Mail: FStricko@noblecorp.com
_________________________________________
CROSCO INTERNATIONAL
PODJETJE ZA NAFTNE SERVISE
D.O.O.
Rudarska ulica 1
Lendava 9220 SLOVENIA
Marijan Preglej, Director
CORTECROS
Nova ves 57
Republika Hrvatska
Zagreb 10000 CROATIA
Phone: 385-1-4667383
Fax: 385-1-4667382
E-Mail: info@cortecros.hr
______________________________
CROWN DBL, INC.
PO Box 51433
Lafayette, Louisiana 70505 USA
1026 O’Noal Drive
Breaux Bridge, Louisiana 70517
USA
Phone: 337-332-8563
Fax: 337-332-8598
E-Mail:
dblquest@worldnet.att.net
________________________________
CYCLONE DRILLING INC.
PO Box 908
Gillette, Wyoming 82717-0908 USA
Phone: 307-682-4161
Fax: 307-682-3158
E-Mail: cyclonedrilling.com
__________________________________

DALMA ENERGY, LLC
PO Box 46226
Abu Dhabi UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
Phone: 971/2-671-5544
Fax: 971/2-671-5505
E-Mail:
dalmaen@emirates.net.ae
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY & CO., LLC
P.O. Box 739, Mina Al Fahal
P.C. 116 OMAN
Phone: 968/24636-400, 24636
Fax: 968/24636-415
E-Mail:
dalmaenergy@dalmaenergy.com
____________________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
Almana Towers
PO Box No. 491
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/462-1897
Fax: 974/462-2084
E-Mail: qatar@dalmaenergy.com
___________________________________
RAWABI DALMA CO. LTD
PO Box 79707
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8939557
Fax: 966/3-8939585
E-Mail:
rawabidalma@dalmaenergy.com
Al-Khobar 31952 SAUDI ARABIA
_______________________________
DALMA ENERGY LLC
301-302 Anand Complex
2-Anand Nagar Society
Near New India Mill, Jetalpur Rd
Baroda 390 005 INDIA
Phone: 91/265-2320246
Fax: 91/265-2320252
E-Mail:
baroda@dalmaenergy.com
_____________________________________
DELTA ENGINEERING COMPANY,
LTD
PO Box 16113
62—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-676601/2/3
Fax: 967/1-676412
E-Mail: deltagrpye@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
DEWANCHAND RAMSARAN
INDUSTRIES (P) LTD. (OIL & GAS
DIVISION)
7-8, Trade Worl, B-Wing, 1st Floor
“Kamala City”, Senapati Bapat
Marg.
Lower Parel (W)
Mumbai 400 013 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-494 0977
Fax: 91/22-498 5432
E-Mail: dnipl@vsn1.com
_____________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
PO Box 4558
Houston, Texas 77210-4558 USA
15415 Katy Fwy Ste 100
Houston, Texas 77094 USA
Phone: 281-492-5300
Fax: 281-492-5316
Web:
www.diamondoffshore.com
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
111 Veterans Blvd Ste 1030
Metairie, LA 70005 USA
Phone: 504-834-9040
Fax: 504-834-0332
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
(U.K.) LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate
Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-727500
Fax: 44/1224-772321
_________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE DRILLING
INC.
6501 Freetown Rd
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-365-5180
Fax: 337-365-0557
________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE GENERAL
COMPANY
Unit 2, 5 Turner Avenue
Bently, Perth WA 6102 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61-8-6363-8900
Fax: 61-8-6363-8999
______________________________________
DIAMOND OFFSHORE
NETHERLANDS B.V.
Koninginnegracht 60
Den Haag 2514 AE THE
NETHERLANDS
Phone: 31/70-311-7890
Fax: 31/70-311-7899
_____________________________________
BRASDRIL SOCIEDADE DE
PERFURACOES, LTDA.
Rua Tenente Celio, 185
Novo Cavaleiros
Macae RJ CEP 27930-120 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/22-2791-8200
Fax: 55/22-2773-4115
____________________________________
MEXDRILL OFFSHORE S. DE R.L.
DE C.V.
Ave. Central por 1 Sur Manz J
Lote 1, Puerto Isla del Carmen
C.P. 24140, Ciudad del Carmen
Campeche MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-381-4121
Fax: 52/938-381-3772
________________________________________
DISCOVERY DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 763
Hays, Kansas 67601-0763 USA
3505 Fairway Dr
Hays, Kansas 67601 USA
Phone: 785-623-2920
Fax: 785-623-4156
E-Mail:
discoverydrilling@eaglecom.net
________________________________________
DLS ARGENTINA LIMITED
Sarmiento 663 - Piso 4
Buenos Aires C1041AAM
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-5129-2900
Fax: 54/11-5129-2949
E-Mail: info@dlsargentina.
com.ar
Web: www.dls-argentina.com.ar
___________________________________
DOLPHIN DRILLING LTD.
Howe Moss Drive
Kirkhill Industrial Estate, Dyce
Aberdeen AB21 0GL SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-411411
Fax: 44/1224-723267
______________________________
DOLPHIN WELL SERVICE
Platformveien 5
P O Box 63
Tanager N-4098 NORWAY
Phone: 47/51-694300
Fax: 47/51-696156
________________________________
DOYON DRILLING INC
101 West Benson Blvd Ste 503
Anchorage, Alaska 99503 USA
Web: www.doyondrilling.com
_________________________________
DRILLFOR S.A.
Av. Amazonas 1047 y Naciones
Unidas
Edificio La Previsora Torre
A-Piso 6-Oficina 601
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593/2 227 0990
Fax: 593/2 227 0853
E-Mail: drillfor@drillfor.com
________________________________
DRILLFOR BASE CAMP
Km 6 Via a Lago Agrio
El Coca ECUADOR
Fax: 593/6 880 982
__________________________________
DRILLING COMPANY ALLIANCE
PO Box 20
Usinsk
Komi Republic 169710 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/82144-41196
Fax: 7/82144-41510
E-Mail: sserver99@online.ru
Web: www.alliancedc.com
_______________________________
DRILLING RISK MANAGEMENT,
INC.
116 E Anglin St
Uvalde, Texas 78801 USA
Phone: 830-278-4567
Fax: 830-278-5255
E-Mail: DRMI@hilconet.com
________________________________
DRILLTEC GUT GMBH
In don Teichen 2
Jona D-07751 GERMANY
Phone: 49/7243-76890
Fax: 49/7243-768941
E-Mail: info@drilltec.de
________________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
100 S Main Ste 410
Wichita, Kansas 67202-3737 USA
Phone: 316-267-1331
Fax: 316-267-5180
E-Mail: ddcisrb@aol.com
______________________________
DUKE DRILLING CO., INC.
PO Box 823
Great Bend, KS 67530 USA
Phone: 620-793-8366
Fax: 620-793-8743
620 Hubbard
Great Bend, Kansas 67530 USA
_________________________________
E & D SERVICES INC.
2300 Hwy 11 North
Laurel, Mississippi 39440 USA
Phone: 601-649-9044
Fax: 601-649-3139
E-Mail: asumrall28@yahoo.com
____________________________________
E & H DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 1058
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Newcastle Hwy
Graham, Texas 76450 USA
Phone: 940-549-0370
Fax: 940-549-8191
E-Mail: rho@wf.net
____________________________________________
EAGLE DRILLING LLC
1108 Rambling Oaks Dr
Norman, Oklahoma 73072 USA
Phone: 405-364-1613
Fax: 405-447-9351
____________________________________
EAGLE ROCK DRILLING, L.L.C.
1113 Dayton Rd
Midland, Texas 79706 USA
Phone: 432-682-3030
Toll Free: (866) 867-3745
Fax: 432-682-1212
E-Mail:
dtally@eaglerockdrilling.com
_____________________________
EDDE DRILLING CO
P O Box 4966
Victoria, Texas 77903 USA
2607 E Rio Grande St
Victoria, Texas 77901 USA
Phone: 361-572-4884
Fax: 361-578-6376
E-Mail: troy@tuckerop.com
_____________________________
EGYPTIAN DRILLING CO.
PO Box 8071
Nasr City Housing
Cairo 11371 EGYPT
Km. 17.5 Cairo/Suez Road
64—2005 IADC Membership Directory Contractor Listings
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-4176701
Fax: 20/2-4176731
E-Mail: management@egyptiandrilling.
com
________________________________________
EDC SYRIA BRANCH
Mazza Sharkia - Al Farabi St.
Yassin Al Safadi
Building No. 77, 1st Floor
Damascus SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6110459
Fax: 963/11-6131085
Yehia A Aal, General Manager
_______________________________
DRILLING & PETROLEUM
SERVICES CO
PO Box 2589
Al Khobar 31932 SAUDI ARABIA
Phone: 966/3-8825089
Fax: 966/3-8825164
E-Mail: mashraf@dps.com.sa
________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2440
Casper, Wyoming 82602 USA
1910 N Loop Ave
Casper, Wyoming 82601 USA
Phone: 307-235-8609
Fax: 307-577-7227
E-Mail: nich@drilloilandgas.com
____________________________________
ELENBURG EXPLORATION
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 3213
Billings, MT 59103 USA
Phone: 406-245-3511
Fax: 406-252-7682
______________________________________
ENAFOR COMPANY
BP 211
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/29 737595
Fax: 213/29 738026
E-Mail: enafor@wissal.dz
Web: enafor.net
_____________________________
ENERGY DRILLING COMPANY
PO Box 905
Natchez, Mississippi 39121 USA
Phone: 601-446-5259
Fax: 601-446-8607
________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
INCORPORATED
500 N. Akard Street, Ste 4300
Dallas, Texas 75201 USA
Phone: 214-397-3000
Toll Free: 800-423-8006
Fax: 214-397-3379
Web: www.enscous.com
____________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
620 Moulin Road
Broussard, LA 70518 USA
Phone: 337-837-8500
Toll Free: 800-322-8217
Fax: 337-837-8501
__________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE COMPANY
11200 Richmond Avenue, Suite
490
Houston, TX 77082 USA
Phone: 281-920-6440
Fax: 281-920-6441
____________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING (CARIBBEAN)
INC.
Edificio Ensco
Muelle Terminales Maracaibo
Las Morochas, Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-631-2287
Fax: 58/265-631-1435
______________________________________
ENSCO INTERNATIONAL
OFFSHORE COMPANY
The Hamma Galleries Bldg, 3rd
Floor
One Lane Hill, East Broadway
Hamilton
Bermuda HM 19 WEST INDIES
Phone: 441-278-0800
Fax: 441-292-9188
______________________________
ENSCO CORONADO LIMITED
91-93 St. Vincent Street
1st Floor Algico Plaza
Port of Spain TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
Phone: 868-623-0525
Fax: 868-624-9137
________________________________
ENSCO DRILLING COMPANY
NIGERA LTD.
c/o Speciality Drilling Fluids
Plot 184c Trans Amadi Industrial
Layout
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234-8423-1322
Fax: 234-8423-5915
_________________________________
ENSCO HOUSE
Badentoy Avenue
Badentoy Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 4YB SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-780400
Fax: 44/1224-780444
___________________________________
ENSCO NETHERLANDS LTD.
c/o DONG
Agern Alle 24-26, Building 5
Hoersholm DK 2970 DENMARK
Phone: 45/4517-0776
Fax: 45/4517-0836
_____________________________
ENSCO OCEANICS
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Al Moosa Tower 2, Ste 2601
Sheikh Zayed Rd
PO Box 72453
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-403-7300
Fax: 971/4-403-7305
_________________________________
ENSCO ASIA PACIFIC PTE.
LIMITED
300 Beach Rd #10-01/03
The Concourse
Singapore 19955 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6394-3100
Fax: 65/6394-3105
____________________________________
ENSCO AUSTRALIA PTY. LIMITED
Level 4, 66 King’s Park Road
West Perth, WA 6005 AUSTRALIA
Phone: 61/8-9211-3388
Fax: 61/8-9211-3390
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
Lot 4600, Simpang 4
Jalan Pandan Lima (Off Jalan
Maulana)
Kuala Belait KA 1931
Brunei Darussalam MALAYSIA
Phone: 673-333-0080
Fax: 673-333-2710
_______________________________
ENSCO GERUDI (M) SDN BHD
5th Floor, Bangunan Angakasa
Raya
Jalan Ampang
Kuala Lumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-2148-4909
Fax: 60/3-2148-3909
_________________________________
ENSCO OFFSHORE
INTERNATIONAL COMPANY
3rd Floor, QFl (Qatar General
Insurance)
Bldg. Al Asmakh Street, PO Box
22895
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/441-7075
Fax: 974/442-6780
___________________________________
ENSCO MARITIME LIMITED
Unit No. 601, 6th Floor
Centre Point, Andheri Kurla Rd
J. B. Nagar, Andheri East
Mumbai 400 059 INDIA
Phone: 91-22-564-95454
Fax: 91-22-564-90596
__________________________________
ENSCO HOLLAND B.V.
8th Floor, BRI Building
Jl. Jend. Sudirman No. 37
Balikpapan 76112
East Kalimantan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/542-736791
Fax: 62/542-736751
_______________________________
ENTREPRISE NATIONALE DES
TRAVAUX AUX PUITS
BP 206/207
Hassi Messaoud 30500 ALGERIA
Phone: 213/9738850
Fax: 213/9732097
__________________________________
ENVIROSAFE DRILLING LP
1614 C. Nantucket Drive
Houston, Texas 77057 USA
Phone: 713-818-3919
Fax: 713-784-0805
E-Mail: rsage@houston.rr.com
_________________________________
EVERTSON INTERNATIONAL
VENEZUELA
Ave. Marino, Via La Guarapera
Edi Evertson, El Tigrito,
Edo. Anzoategui
Phone: 58/283-2554744
Fax: 58/283-2554722
E-Mail: jims@evertson.com
Web: www.evertson.com
__________________________________
EXCELL SERVICES, INC
36629 Hwy 385
P O Box 305
Wray, Colorado 80758 USA
Phone: 970-332-3156
Fax: 970-332-5821
E-Mail:
eandrews@jwoperatiog.com
Web: www.jwoperating.com
_________________________________
EXPLORATION OIL & GAS JASLO
LTD. NAFTGAZ BRANCH IN
WOLOMIN
ul Lukasiewicza 11
Wolomin 05-200 POLAND
Phone: 48/22-7873704
Fax: 48/22-7762340
E-Mail: naftgaz@naftgaz.com.pl
____________________________________
FAITH DRILLING L.L.C.
PO Box 1378
Seminole, Texas 79360-1378 USA
902 S.W. Ave C
Seminole, Texas 79360 USA
Phone: 432-758-2552
Phone: 432-758-6352
Fax: 432-758-2552
_______________________________
FELDERHOFF BROTHERS
DRILLING
PO Box 1299
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
4337 E Hwy 82
Gainesville, Texas 76240 USA
Phone: 940-665-3592
Fax: 940-613-4065
E-Mail: Feld@bsicompanies.com
Web: www.bsicompanies.com
___________________________________
1ST DRILLING COMPANY OF
ZHONGYUAN PETROLEUM
EXPLORATION BUREAU
Mazhuangqiao Town
Qingfeng County
Henan Province 457331 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/393-4807196
Fax: 86/393-4800734
_______________________________
Bucharest ROMANIA
Phone: 40/21-224-0538
Fax: 40/21-224-0538
E-Mail: office@foradex.ro
Web: www.foradex.ro
____________________________
FORADEX SA
14, Rue 7051, Cite Essalem
El-Menzah IV
1082 Tunis TUNISIA
Phone: 216/71-230005
Fax: 216/71-230005
_________________________________
FORADEX SA
Lukind House 1st Fl
Cha Cha Cha Road
PO Box 31911
Lusaka ZAMBIA
Phone: 260/1-223723
Fax: 260/1-223723
_____________________________
FORADEX SA
PO Box 4105
Benghazi LIBYA
Phone: 218/61-2222809
Fax: 218/61-2222809
_____________________________
FORESIGHT LTD.
Foresight House
6 Elder Street
London E1 6BT UNITED KINGDOM
Phone: 44/207-3775755
Fax: 44/207-2472700
E-Mail: fk.)@fs-g.com
________________________________
Mumbai 400 055 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-6155132
Fax: 91/22-6155133
E-Mail: asm@bom5.vsnl.net.in
___________________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD.
PO Box 41164
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail:
foresight@emirates.net.ae
_____________________________
FOSERCO SA
2 Avram Iancu Street
TG. OCNA 5467 ROMANIA
Phone: 40/234-344035,344036
Fax: 40/234-344395
E-Mail: foserco@mic.ro
_________________________________
FRIGSTAD OFFSHORE PTE. LTD.
2 Mistri Rd
#11-00 HMC Bldg
Singapore 079624 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6223-1277
Fax: 65/6223-3906
E-Mail: fo@frigstad.com.sg
Web: www.frigstad.com
______________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING I, LP
PO Box 1116
Luling, Texas 78648 USA
Phone: 830-875-3774
Fax: 830-875-2484
E-Mail:
rthomas@frontierdrilling.com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING ASA
PO Box 6076
Postterminalen
Bergen 5892 NORWAY
Statsminister Michelsensveg 38
Paradis
Bergen 5231 NORWAY
Phone: 47/55-922820
Fax: 47/55-922830
E-Mail: post@frontier-drill.com
Web: www.frontier-drill.com
________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING (ASIA) PTE.
LTD.
491 B River Valley Rd
#14-01 Valley Point
Singapore 248373 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6887 0440
Fax: 65/6887 0444
E-Mail: singapore@frontierdrill.
com
_________________________________
FRONTIER DRILLING do BRAZIL
LTDA
Edificio Leberty Center - Sala 901
Avenida Nossa Senhora da Penha
#387
Praia da Canto
Vitoria ES 29055-131 BRAZIL
Phone: 55/27 3334 8600
Fax: 55/27 3334 8610
________________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Drawer 330
Cedar Bluff, Virginia 24624 USA
Phone: 540-964-2696
Fax: 540-963-0487
_____________________________
GASCO DRILLING INC
PO Box 527
Cedar Bluff, VA 24609 USA
Jerry E Ratliff, Sec
_________________________
GEM DRILLING CO.
PO Box 65
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
500 Adams Rd
Stamford, Texas 79553 USA
Phone: 325-773-3654
Fax: 325-773-3655
__________________________
GEORGE N. MITCHELL DRILLING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 550
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
1239 County Rd 1500N
Carmi, Illinois 62821 USA
Phone: 618-382-2343
Fax: 618-384-2435
E-Mail: nrgy@mitchelldrilling.
com
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORPORATION
PO Box 4577
Houston, Texas 77210-4577 USA
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, Texas 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-6000
Toll Free: (800) 231-5754
Fax: 281-925-6010
E-Mail:
firstname.lastname@gsfdrill.co
m
Web: www.gsfdrill.com
______________________________
CASPIAN DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
Vishechnaya Street #3
North Wharf
Baku AZERBAIJAN
Phone: 994/12-497-4612
Fax: 994/12-497-4610
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
B.P. 5893
c/o Saga Logistics Base
Douala CAMEROON
Phone: 237/343-8713
Fax: 237/343-4979
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
COMPANY (CANADA) LTD.
36 Brookshire Court Ste 13
Bedford, NS B4A 4E9 CANADA
Phone: 902-832-9460
Fax: 902-832-9480
Kevin Knott
Victor Dias
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL (CANADA)
DRILLING COMPANY
Baine Johnston Centre, Ste 400
10 Fort William Place
St John’s
Newfoundland A1C 1K4 CANADA
Phone: 709-724-6600
Fax: 709-724-6610
_____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE CORP
Kilometer No. 11
Kattameya-Ein Soukhna Desert Rd
PO Box 341
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 202-757-5681
Fax: 202-757-5669
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
Parque de las Avenidas de Africa
Carracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: 240-0-96-968
Fax: 240-0-94-091
____________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CORP
Boite Postale 556
Port Gentil GABON
Phone: 241/552040
Fax: 241/560458
____________________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Jalan, Melawai 1X/2
PO Box 2351
Jakarta Selatan INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-721-1700
Fax: 62/21-721-1714
_________________________________
PT SANTA FE-POMEROY
INDONESIA
Merak Petroleum Base
Jl. Pulorida, Merak
West Java INDONESIA
Phone: 62/254-571 408
Fax: 62/254-571 189
_______________________________
PT SANTA FE SUPRACO
INDONESIA
Gedung BRI, Lantai 5
Jin. Jend Sudiman No. 37
Balikpapan
Kalimantan 76112 INDONESIA
Phone: 62-542-426-396
Fax: 62-542-426-408
_____________________________
SAFEMAL DRILLING SDN. BHD.
9th Floor, Angkasa Raya Building
123 Jalan Ampang
Kuala Laumpur 50450 MALAYSIA
Contractor Listings 2005 IADC Membership Directory—69
Phone: 603-2050-2100
Fax: 603-2050-2122
_____________________________________
GLOBAL OFFSHORE DRILLING
LIMITED
Kilometer 14 Aba Expressway
PO Box 7086
Port Harcourt NIGERIA
Phone: 234/84-231356
Fax: 234/84-231353
_______________________________________
SANTA FE CONSTRUCTION CO.
139 Corporate Center
10th Floor, Unit 1001
139 Valero Street, Salcedo Village
Makati City Manila PHILIPPINES
Phone: 632/830-2210
Fax: 632/818-8237
_______________________________
SANTA FE DRILLING
OPERATIONS, INC.
PO Box 4396
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/455-0797
Fax: 974/455-1298
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Letter Box 5096, Bldg 104, Sops
Ave.
Loyang Offshore Base
Loyang Crescent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6545 2679
Fax: 65/6545 6173
______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC.
Unit 3004, 30th Floor, Suntowers
Bldg B, 123 Vibhavadi-Rangsit Rd
Khwaeng Ladyao, Khet Chatuchak
Bangkok 10900 THAILAND
Phone: 662-617-6170
Fax: 662-617-6171
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE SOUTH
AMERICA LLC
Maple House
3 Sweet Briar Road
St. Clair, Trinidad WEST INDIES
Phone: 868/622-6432
Fax: 868/622-6563
_______________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Lothing Depot
North Quay
Lowestoft
Suffolk NR32 2TF UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1502-542-000
Fax: 44/1502-542-001
________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING UK
LIMITED
Langlands House Huntley St
Aberdeen AB10 1SH SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-654400
Fax: 44/1224-654401
________________________________
RESOURCE RIG SUPPLY, INC.
15375 Memorial Drive
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7300
Fax: 281-925-7399
__________________________________
APPLIED DRILLING TECHNOLOGY,
INC.
15375 Memorial Drive, Suite A200
Houston, TX 77079 USA
Phone: 281-925-7100
Fax: 281-925-7199
________________________________________
ACCESS EXPLORATION
CORPORATION
1177 West Loop South, Ste 1450
Houston, TX 77027 USA
Phone: 713-621-2777
Fax: 713-621-2779
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE DRILLING
VENEZUELA, C.A.
Av. Nueva Esparta c/c/ Cerro Sur,
Centro
Bahia Pozvelos Torre b
Mezanina I, Oficina 20
Barcelona VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/281-262-4250
Fax: 58/281-267-9362
____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE
INTERNATIONAL SERVICES INC
02 Hoang Dieu Street
Vung Tau City VIETNAM
Phone: 84/64-852164
Fax: 84/64-852162
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ANGOLA
OFFICE
Malango Base
Cabinda ANGOLA
Phone: 925-842-1111
Fax: 832-463-6806 (V-sat)
_________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE ARGENTINA
OFFICE
25 de Mayo 555, Piso 20
C1002ABK Buenos Aires
ARGENTINA
Phone: 54-11-4310-2470
Fax: 54-11-4310-2471
_____________________________________
GLOBALSANTAFE BRAZIL OFFICE
Estrada de Capuabe, 73
Santa Rita - Vila Velha - ES
CEP 29118-461 BRAZIL
Phone: 55-27-3239-8734
Fax: 55-27-3239-8734
_____________________________________
GOLDEN STATE DRILLING INC
3500 Fruitvale Ave
Bakersfield, California 93308 USA
Phone: 661-589-0730
Fax: 661-589-0147
E-Mail: bstevens@gsdrilling.com
________________________________
GOOBER DRILLING CORPORATION
PO Box 1432
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74076 USA
4905 S Perkins Rd
Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074 USA
Phone: 405-743-2132
Fax: 405-743-0052
E-Mail:
mike.brown@gooberdrilling.com
_____________________________________

GREAT WALL DRILLING COMPANY
LIMITED
No. 6 Liupukang Street
Xicheng District
Beijing 100724 P R CHINA
Phone: 86/10-62095684
Fax: 86/10-62094976
____________________________________

GREEN GAS POWER LIMITED
16A Fore Street, Topsham
Exeter, Devon EX3 OHF UNITED
KINGDOM
Wolstanton Retail Park, Wolstanton
Newcastle-Under-Lyme
Staffordshire ST5 0EE UNITED
KINGDOM
Phone: 44/1-395-223972
Fax: 44/1-395-227447
E-Mail: jg@greengaspower.com
___________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP
10370 Richmond Ave Ste 600
Houston, Texas 77042-4136 USA
Phone: 713-435-6100
Toll Free: (800) 553-7563
Fax: 713-435-6171
E-Mail:
trichards@greywolfdrilling.com
____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ARK-LA-TEX DIVISION
333 Texas St Ste 925
Shreveport, LA 71101 USA
Phone: 318-213-1100
Toll Free: 800-959-3003
Fax: 318-213-1155
_____________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP ROCKY MOUNTAIN DISTRICT
2136 North Oil Dr
Casper, WY 82604 USA
Phone: 307-266-0700
Toll Free: (866) 522-0700
Fax: 307-266-0166
__________________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP GULF COAST DIVISION
254 Stanford Rd
Eunice, LA 70535 USA
Phone: 337-457-0500
Toll Free: 888-457-4089
Fax: 337-457-0558
_____________________________________
GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP SOUTH TEXAS DIVISION
1907 E Main
Alice, TX 78332-4142 USA
Phone: 361-668-8364
Toll Free: 800-242-3280
Fax: 361-668-0823
_________________________________________

GREY WOLF DRILLING COMPANY
LP WEST TEXAS DISTRICT
6 Desta Drive, Suite 3350
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-684-6828
Toll Free: (888) 864-6828
Fax: 915-684-6841
____________________________________
GUICHARD OPERATING
COMPANY INC.
PO Box 2000
Crowley, Louisiana 70527-2000
USA
849 Oddfellows Rd
Crowley, Louisiana 70526 USA
Phone: 337-783-5141
Toll Free: 800-738-4645
Fax: 337-783-5155
E-Mail: GuichardCo@aol.com
____________________________________
GULF DRILLING INTERNATIONAL
LIMITED (Q.S.C.)
PO Box 9072
Doha QATAR
7th Floor
HBK Tower, Musherib St
Doha QATAR
Phone: 974/4378777
Fax: 974/4434788
E-Mail: gdi@gulfdrilling.net
___________________________________.
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
PO Box 520
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
107 SE 3rd St
Washington, Indiana 47501 USA
Phone: 812-254-5085
Fax: 812-254-4943
__________________________________________
GWALTNEY DRILLING INC
RR #2 Box 255
Washington, IN 47501-1216 USA
Phone: 812-254-9168
Neal Newton, Prod Supt
_________________________________
H-40 DRILLING INC.
11828 W Central Ste 100
Wichita, Kansas 67212-5178 USA
Phone: 316-773-3640
Fax: 316-773-3740
_______________________________
HALLWORTHY SHIPPING LTD S.A
Torre Universal Ave Federico Boyd
Piso No 12 (Penthouse)
Panama 0816-02033 REPUBLIC OF
PANAMA
PO Box 41164
C/O Sharjah Shipping Co.
Sharjah UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/6-5281914
Fax: 971/6-5281974
E-Mail: foresite@emirates.net.ae
HAMAD AL-HAMAD & PARTNERS
COMPANY
PO Box 47143
Fahaheel 64022
Phone: 965/3261369,3261378
Fax: 965/3261348
E-Mail:
hamadalhamad@hhpco.com.kw
Web:
www.hamadalhamad@hhpco.co
m.kw
___________________________________
HEART LAND DRILLING, INC.
PO Box 3714
Abilene, Texas 79604 USA
Phone: 325-676-4621
Fax: 325-670-0325
E-Mail: hlpc@abilene.com
________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
1625 Broadway, Ste 1480
Denver, Colorado 80202 USA
Phone: 303-405-8450
Fax: 303-405-8451
E-Mail:
charlie@heartlandoilandgas.com
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
________________________________________
HEARTLAND OIL AND GAS
CORPORATION
200 Burrard St, Ste 1925
Vancouver, B.C. V6C 3L6 CANADA
Phone: 604-693-0177
Fax: 604-638-3525
E-Mail:
rcoglon@heartlandoilandgas.co
m
Web:
www.heartlandoilandgas.com
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
1437 South Boulder Avenue
Tulsa, Oklahoma 74119 USA
Phone: 918-742-5531
Fax: 918-742-0237
______________________________________

INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 95969
Oklahoma City, OK 73143 USA
Phone: 405-677-8882
Fax: 405-670-2667
_____________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 6173
Pearl, MS 39288-6173 USA
Phone: 601-939-1589
Fax: 601-939-9122
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 3909
Western Offshore District
Ventura, CA 93006 USA
Phone: 805-642-4656
Fax: 805-642-6024
_______________________________________
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 1700
Alice, TX 78333 USA
Phone: 361-664-0114
Fax: 361-664-8534
_______________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE (COLOMBIA)
DRILLING
Cra 9A No 99-02
Office 410
Bogota COLOMBIA
Phone: 57/1-6182399
Fax: 57/1-6182345
__________________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (ANACO)
Apartado 16 Carretera Negra KM
98
Final Ave dose Antonio Anzoategul
Anaco Edo Anzoategui
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4247754
Fax: 58/282-4247753
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (MATURIN)
Av. Alirio Ugarte Pelayo
(Al lado de Plasticor)
Maturin, Edo. Monagas
VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/291-641-9535
Fax: 58/291-643-1130
_______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DE
VENEZUELA (CD. OJEDA)
Carretera N, Entre Avenidas 42y 43
Ciudad Ojeda
Edo. Zulia VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/265-641-2537
Fax: 58/265-641-1552
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE DEL
ECUADOR INC.
Luis Cordero y Andalucia
Edificio “Cyede” Quinto Piso
Quito ECUADOR
Phone: 593-2-2555-372
Fax: 593-2-2555-512 X 102
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
16365 Park Ten Place, Ste 300
Houston, TX 77084 USA
Phone: 281-398-5457
Fax: 281-398-7960
_____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE BOLIVIA
S.A.
Calle 9 Oeste No. 73
Barrio Las Palmas
Santa Cruz BOLIVIA
Phone: 591/3-3531-741
Fax: 591/3-3536-784
_________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
106 Park Place, Ste 100
Covington, LA 70433 USA
Phone: 985-871-4071
Fax: 985-871-4072
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE (AFRICA)
DRILLING CO. EQUATORIAL
GUINEA
Avenida Parques de Africa
Caracolas
Malabo EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Phone: Houston 713-431-9212
Fax: Houston 713-431-9216
_____________________________________

HELMERICH & PAYNE
(ARGENTINA) DRILLING CO.
San Martin #201, Piso 4, Oficina 12
Bis
Codigo Postal 1003
Buenos Aires ARGENTINA
Phone: 54/11-4326-3481
Fax: 54/11-4322-2005
______________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
341 East E St Ste 180
Casper, WY 82601 USA
Phone: 307-237-0056
Fax: 307-237-6756
___________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
Smolensk Passage, Smolensk
Square
The House 3 6th Floor, Office No.
628
Moscow 121099 RUSSIA
Phone: 7/095-937-8272
Fax: 7/095-937-8200
____________________________________
HELMERICH & PAYNE
INTERNATIONAL DRILLING CO.
PO Box 133228
Tyler, TX 75713 USA
Phone: 903-533-1340
Fax: 903-535-9238
__________________________________
HERCULES OFFSHORE, LLC
2929 Briarpark Drive, Ste 435
Houston, Texas 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-4176
Fax: 713-952-4342
____________________________________
HERCULES DRILLING COMPANY
2929 Briarpark Drive Ste 400
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-952-7977
Fax: 713-952-7990
________________________________
HERCULES LIFTBOAT COMPANY
5319 Port Road
New Iberia, LA 70560 USA
Phone: 337-560-8000
Fax: 337-374-3247
____________________________________
HTC INTERNATIONAL
PO Box No 1376
Corner of Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Hadda Cinema Complex
Sana’a YEMEN
Phone: 967/1-269224
Fax: 967/1-269223
E-Mail: hashedi@y.net.ye
_______________________________
ICELAND DRILLING CO
Jardboranir hf
Skipholt 50 d
Reykjavik 105 ICELAND
Phone: 354/5113800
Fax: 354/5883801
E-Mail: sveinn@jardboranir.is
___________________________________
INLET DRILLING ALASKA INC
210 N Willow Street
Kenai, Alaska 99611 USA
Phone: 907-283-3567
Fax: 907-283-7065
E-Mail: inletdrl@ptialaska.net
__________________________________
IRAQ DRILLING COMPANY (IDC)
Ministry of Oil
Al-Nidal Street
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 1-914-360-3105
E-Mail: dr-alaboudi@web.de
__________________________
OIL EXPLORATION COMPANY
(OEC)
Ministry of Oil
Oil Exploration Company
PO Box 476
Baghdad IRAQ
Phone: 964/1-772-9802
Fax: 964/1-727-0388
E-Mail: oecman@uruklink.net
_________________________________
IROILRIGS INTERNATIONAL LTD
Suite 1301
1-7 Lyndhurst Terrace
Central
Hong Kong P R CHINA
Phone: 852-92380288
Fax: 852-25217979
E-Mail: robinson@iroilrigs.com
Web: www.iroilrigs.com
_______________________________
ITAG - TIEFBOHR GMBH &
COMPANY KG
Itagstrasse
Celle D-29221 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5141914-351
Fax: 49/5141-914-388
E-Mail: thor.noevig@itag-ce.de
Web: www.itag-celle.de
_________________________________
JAGSON INTERNATIONAL LTD.
2nd Floor
6 Pearey Lal Building
Janpath
New Delhi 110 001 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-3718059
Fax: 91/11-3324693
E-Mail: jil@nda.vsnl.net.in
_______________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
Nishi Azabu Annex 5th-7th Floor
3-20-16 Nishi Azabu, Minato-ku
Tokyo 106-0031 JAPAN
Phone: 81/3-5411-9870
Fax: 81/3-5411-9200
E-Mail: info@jdc.co.jp
Web: www.jdc.co.jp
JAPAN DRILLING (MALAYSIA)
SDN. BHD.
Box No 535 Lot 6.01
6th Fl Wisma Central
Jalan Ampang 50450
Kuala Lumpur MALAYSIA
Phone: 60/3-21668071
Fax: 60/3-21668070
E-Mail: hirishi@jdc.co.jp
___________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO., LTD. H-5
OPERATIONS OFFICE
C/O Perforadora Central, S.A.
DE.C.V.
Calle 24 No. 52 Altos-2. Col.
Centro C.P. 24100
Ciudad del Carmen MEXICO
Phone: 52/938-382-5964
Fax: 52/938-382-0577
E-Mail: yoichi.onoe@jdc.co.jp
_________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SAGADRIL, INC.
PO Box 17340
Jebel Ali, Room No. 604 of Lob-16
Building, in Jebel Ali Free Zone
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/4-8814945
Fax: 971/4-8814965
E-Mail: toshio.harada@jdc.co.jp
______________________________________
JAPAN DRILLING CO. LTD.
SINGAPORE OFFICE
Loyang Offshore Supply Base
Box No 5056
Loyang Cresent
Singapore 508988 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/6543-1722
Fax: 65/6542-1765
E-Mail: freddy@jdcs.com.sg
_____________________________________
PT JAPAN DRILLING INDONESIA
19th Floor, Plaza Sentral JK
Jendral Sudirman Kav 47
Jakarta 12930 INDONESIA
Phone: 62/21-5746441
Fax: 62/21-5746386
_______________________________________
JET DRILLING PTE LTD
152 Beach Road
#09-01 Gateway East
Singapore 189721 SINGAPORE
Phone: 65/392-0201
_____________________________
NORTHERN OFFSHORE LTD.
PO Box 1751 Vika
Oslo 0122 NORWAY
Phone: 47/2201-7500
Fax: 47/2201-7510
E-Mail:
management@northern.no
____________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
1207 Vikram Tower
16 Rajendra Place
New Delhi 110 008 INDIA
Phone: 91/11-2574-0419-0421
Fax: 91/11-2575-4604
E-Mail:
jindal@giasdl01.vsnl.net.in
Web: www.jindal.com
_________________________________
JINDAL DRILLING & INDUSTRIES
LTD.
3rd Fl Keshva Bldg
Bandra Kurla Complex
Bandra (East)
Mumbai 400 051 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-2659-2893-2894
Fax: 91/22-2654-2881
E-Mail:
neptune@bom5.vsnl.net.in
_____________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Registered Office:
220 G.I.D.C. Estate
Mehsana - Gujarat, 384 002 INDIA
Phone: 91/2762-254079
Fax: 91/2762-254822
E-Mail: john.adl@sancharnet.in
Web: www.johnenergy.com
_______________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED Corporate
Office
101, Shapath-III, Near GNFC Tower
S.G. Road
Bodakdov, Ahmedabad
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/79-26850132
Fax: 91/79-26850133
E-Mail: john@johnenergy.com,
hinduad1@sancharnet.in
________________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
Durga Bhavan, Subhash Nagar
Chandkheda
Ahmedabad INDIA
Phone: 91/79-55228235
Fax: 91/79-55228235
_________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
5 Besant St, Santacruz West
Mumbai 400 054 INDIA
Phone: 91/22-26494581
Fax: 91/22-26052472
__________________________________
JOHN ENERGY LIMITED
196 Narnarayan Bunglows
Behind MIPCO, Bolav Road
Bharuch
Gujrat INDIA
Phone: 91/2642-246753
Fax: 91/2642-246753
__________________________________
JUSTISS OIL CO., INC.
PO Box 2990
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
1120 E Oak
Jena, Louisiana 71342 USA
Phone: 318-992-4111
Fax: 318-992-7201
E-Mail: justiss@justissoil.com
________________________________
JUSTISS DRILLING DE
VENEZUELA, S.A.
Base Ubicada en la Prolongacion
Avenida Miranda, Via Lechozal Km
3
Anaco
Estado Anzoategui VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/282-4253555
Fax: 58/282-4253151
E-Mail: justiss@telcel.net.ve
___________________________________
JW DRILLING INC
PO Box 160
Artesia, New Mexico 88211 USA
5104 W Richardson
Artesia, New Mexico 88210 USA
Phone: 505-748-8704
Fax: 505-748-8719
_________________________________
KAL DRILLING COMPANY
11500 S Meridian
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73173
USA
Phone: 405-691-1202
Fax: 405-691-2377
E-Mail:
kaldrlg@oecadvantage.net
_______________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
No. 54 Zhongxing Road
Baijiantan District
Karamay, Xinjiang 834009 P R
CHINA
Phone: 86/990-6827312
Fax: 86/990-6920617
E-Mail: gizjgs-wyx@xjkdc.com
_______________________________
SINO-KAZAK GREAT WALL
DRILLING COMPANY, LTD.
56 Arkdanuwa St
Arkqubin City 463022
KAZAKHSTAN
Phone: 7/313-2967956
Fax: 7/313-2967953
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 234/8033580816
Fax: 234/53-321429
E-Mail:
songhykdc@yahoo.com.cn;
nrly70116@xjkdc.com
____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC
23 Road 286
New Maadi
Cairo EGYPT
Phone: 20/2-5202256
Fax: 20/2-5202254
E-Mail: ajxmb@xjkdc.com;
mengqinggang@sina.com
___________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC VENEZUELA
Phone: 58/416-6823790
Fax: 58/282-4251824
E-Mail: wnrlxmb@xjkdc.com;
xqg6926256@126.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC NIGERIA
Phone: 87/1-762662915
Fax: 87/1-762662916
E-Mail:
yongsheng8105@sina.com;
nrly7017@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC IRAN
Phone: 87/1-763222177
Fax: 87/1-763222179
E-Mail:
xj16@inmarsat.francetelecom.fr
________________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, OMAN
Phone: 968/6-93086
Fax: 968/6-93085
E-Mail: amxmb@xjkdc.com;
wanghu1974@yahoo.com
_____________________________________
KARAMAY DRILLING COMPANY,
CNPC, SYRIA
Phone: 963/11-6120070
Fax: 963/11-6120070
E-Mail: xlyxmb@xjkdc.com
_____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GROUP
Minto Dr
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230400
E-Mail:
colleen.reid@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING UK
OFFICE
Minto Drive
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen AB12 3LW SCOTLAND
Phone: 44/1224-299600
Fax: 44/1224-230401
E-Mail:
pam.vickers@uk.kcadeutag.com
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
___________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING GERMANY
OFFICE
PO Box 1253
Bad Bentheim D-48443 GERMANY
Phone: 49/5922-72000
Fax: 49/5922-72105
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
____________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING INC USA
OFFICE
10777 Westheimer Ste 1111
Houston, TX 77042 USA
Phone: 713-243-6230
Fax: 713-243-6231
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
______________________________________
KCA DEUTAG DRILLING DUBAI
OFFICE
Jebel Ali
PO Box 17240
Dubai UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Phone: 971/48816697
Fax: 971/48816940
Web: www.kcadeutag.com
_______________________________________-
KENAI DRILLING Corporate Office
PO Box 2248
Orcutt, California 93457-2248 USA
6430 Cat Canyon Rd
Santa Maria, California 93455 USA
Phone: 805-937-7871
Fax: 805-937-4768
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KENAI DRILLING Operations Office
2701 Patton Way
Bakersfield, CA 93308 USA
Phone: 661-587-0117
Fax: 661-587-0116
Web: www.kenaidrilling.com
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Corporate Headquarters
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, Texas 79705 USA
Phone: 432-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 432-620-0307
____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC.
Executive Offices
400 S River Rd
New Hope, PA 18938 USA
Phone: 215-862-7900
Toll Free: (800) 525-2147
Fax: 215-862-7901
___________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Permian Basin Drlg.
6 Desta Dr Ste 4400
Midland, TX 79705 USA
Phone: 915-620-0300
Toll Free: (877) 539-2940
Fax: 915-570-0465
_____________________________________
KEY ENERGY SERVICES, INC. Drlg.
Opns. - Four Corners Drlg.
PO Box 900
Farmington, NM 87401 USA
Phone: 505-327-4961
Fax: 505-327-4962
5651 US Hwy 64
Farmington, New Me
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The Noble Alen Project Consists of Two Platforms that were Fabricated in Amelia, LA and are Currently Installed Offshore Equatorial Guinea, West Africa. VersaTech Provided a Crew of Technicians to Perform Pre-Commissioning and Commissioning Services on the Central Production Platform and the Wellhead Platform.
          Nigerian Energy Group Taleveras And ExxonMobil Win Oil Blocks In Equatorial Guinea        
Taleveras, an African energy conglomerate owned by Nigerian multi-millionaire oilman Igho Sanomi, has been awarded an oil block in Equatorial Guinea.
          Fortune Of Africa Air Flight Status        
Africa is gifted by nature offering plenty of opportunities to tourists. Africa has rich cultural heritage and natural beauty as indicated below in the following country tourism profiles: Algeria Egypt Malawi Sierra Leone Angola Equatorial Guinea Mali Somalia Benin Eritrea Mauritania South Africa Botswana Ethiopia Mauritius South Sudan Burkina Faso Gabon Morocco Sudan Burundi Gambia ...
          List of countries of Africa by Region        
The countries of Africa by region are as follows; Angola Cameroon Central African Republic Chad DR. Congo Equatorial Guinea Gabon Republic of Congo Sao Tome and Principe Burundi Comoros Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mozambique Rwanda seychelles Somalia South Sudan Tanzania Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe  Algeria Egypt Libya Morocco Sudan Tunisi Botswana Lesotho Maurtius NamibiaSouth ...
          African Cup of Nations 2015        
African Cup of Nations 2015 The BIGGEST Football Event in Africa is HERE. The 30th African Cup of Nations 2015 taking place in Equatorial Guinea this very Saturday the 17th of January – 08 February 2015. Almost a month of CRACKING and EXCITING African football. THE STADIUMS  Reigning Champions and Power house, Nigeria will be absent from the tournament and so is Egypt. Nonetheless, here are some interesting facts. – TP Mazembe and DR Congo goalie, Robert Muteba Kidiaba is the oldest player (somebody Hossam Hassan! lol ) at the Orange Africa Cup of Nations Equatorial Guinea 2015. The veteran will celebrate his 39th birthday on 1 February 2015. – Third-choice Cameroon goalie, Pierre Sylvain Abogo is the youngest player at the championship. The captain of the Cameroon U-17 team turns 17 on 27 January 2015. – Most youthful AFCON ever – Of the 368 players present in Equatorial Guinea for the African Cup of Nations, only 26 are over 30 years (as at 17 January 2015) and 21 are less than 20 years. In summary, 321 of the players present in Bata, Malabo, Ebibeyin and Mongomo are between 20 and 30 years old. Interesting right? ah yeah! Anyways, back [...]
          Reasons to Learn Spanish - Knowing your Neighbors        


What are the reasons to learn Spanish? For starters, residents of the US, a bunch unknown for conquering monoligualism, are studying Spanish in unheard-of numbers. Spanish, too, is starting to become of bigger significance in Europe, where it frequently the foreign language of choice after English. And it's no wonder that Spanish is a preferred 2nd or 3rd language : with some four hundred million speakers, it's the fourth most commonly spoken language in the world (after English, Chinese and Hindustani), and in the opinion of some counts it has more local speakers than English does. It is an official language on four continents and is of historical significance elsewhere.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Better understanding of English


Much of the vocabulary of English Spanish - Better knowledge of which came to English by way of French. Since Spanish is also a Latin language, you will find as you study Spanish that you have a better understanding of your local vocabulary. Similarly, both Spanish and English share Indo-European roots, so their grammars are similar. There is perhaps no more effective way to learn English grammar than by studying the grammar of grammar than by studying the many reasons to learn Spanish. For the study forces you to think about how your language is structured. It's not unusual, for of reasons to gain an understanding of English verbs' forces you to consider how those verbs are used in Spanish.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Knowing your neighbors

Not all that many years ago, the Spanish-speaking population of the United States was confined to the Mexican Border States, Florida and New York City. But no more. Even where I live, less than many years back, the Canadian border, there are Spanish-speaking people living on the same street as I do. Knowing Spanish has proven invaluable in speaking with other residents of my town who don't know English.

Learning the Spanish language can be challenging, but it can also be fun. These are the reasons to learn spanish, you'll find it more interesting and most effective.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Travel

Yes, it is perfectly possible to visit Mexico, Spain and even Equatorial Guinea other residents of Spanish. But it isn't nearly half as much fun. I remember about two decades ago - when my Spanish was much less adequate than it is today - when I met some mariachis on top of one of the pyramids near Mexico City. Because I spoke (albeit limited) Spanish, they wrote down the words for me so I could sing along. It turned out to be one of my most memorable travel experiences, and one unlike what most tourists have the opportunity to enjoy. Time and time again while traveling in Mexico, Central America and South America I have had doors opened to me simply albeit limited ) Spanish, allowing me to see and do things that many other visitors do {not.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Cultural understanding

While most of us can't hope to learn the languages of more than one or two cultures other than that of our own, those that we can learn help us to learn how other people learn and think. When I read Latin American or Spanish newspapers, for example, I often find that I gain a sense of how other people think and feel, a way that is different than my own. Whilst many of literature, both modern and traditional.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - It's easy

Spanish is one of the easiest from that of its vocabulary is similar to English's, and written Spanish is almost completely phonetic: American or Spanish other folks learn and you can tell how it is pronounced. And while mastering the grammar of Spanish can be a challenge, basic a way that is straightforward enough that you can have meaningful communication after feel, a few lessons.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - About the Author

These are the reasons to learn spanish. The same reasons Rocket Languages used in their methods to furthermore enhance the knowledge of an individuals about language.If you want to learn more about the reasons to learn spanish, click here now!



          Reasons to Learn Spanish - Travel        


What are the reasons to learn Spanish? For starters, residents of the United States, a bunch unknown for conquering monoligualism, are studying Spanish in extraordinary numbers. Spanish, too, is beginning to become of bigger significance in Europe, where it frequently the foreign language of choice after British . And it's not surprising that Spanish is a preferred 2nd or 3rd language : with some four hundred million speakers, it is the fourth most usually spoken language in the world (after English, Chinese and Hindustani), and in the opinion of some counts it has more native speakers than British does. It is an official language on British does. It is of historical importance elsewhere.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Better understanding of English


Much of the vocabulary of British Spanish - Better knowledge of which came to English by way of French. Since Spanish is also a Latin language, you will find as you study Spanish that you have a better understanding of your native vocabulary. as you study Spanish and English share Indo-European roots, so their grammars are similar. There is a similar way to learn English grammar than by studying the grammar of another language, this one of the many reasons to learn Spanish. For the study forces you to think about how your language is structured. It's not unusual, for of reasons to gain an understanding of English verbs' tenses and moods by learning how those verbs are used in Spanish.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Knowing your neighbors

Not all that many years ago, the Spanish-speaking population of the United States was confined to the Mexican Border States, Florida and New York City. But no more. Even where I live, less than 100 kilometers from the Canadian border, there are Spanish-speaking people S. Was restricted to the same street as I do. Knowing Spanish has proven invaluable in speaking with other residents of my town who don't know English.

Learning the Spanish language can be challenging, but it can also be fun. These are the reasons to learn spanish, you'll find it more interesting and most effective.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Travel

Yes, it is perfectly possible to visit Mexico, Spain and even Equatorial Guinea without speaking a word of Spanish. But it isn't nearly half as much fun. I remember about Spanish - when my Spanish was much less adequate than it is today - when I met some mariachis on a note of one of the pyramids near Mexico City. Because I spoke (albeit limited) Spanish, they wrote down the words for me so I could sing along. It turned out - when my most memorable travel experiences, and one unlike what most tourists have the opportunity to enjoy. Time and time again while traveling in Mexico, Central America and South America I have had doors opened to me simply even though limited ) Spanish, allowing me to see and do things that many other visitors do {not.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Cultural understanding

While most of us can't hope to learn the languages of more than one or two cultures other than that of our own, those that we can learn help us to learn how other people learn and think. When I read Latin American or Spanish newspapers, for example, I often find that I gain a that many of how other people think and feel, a way that is different than my own. Whilst many of literature, both modern and traditional.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - It's easy

Spanish is one of the easiest foreign languages to learn. Much of its vocabulary is similar to discover how others learn and written Spanish is almost completely phonetic: American or Spanish other folks learn and you can tell how it is pronounced. And while mastering feeling of Spanish can be a challenge, basic a way that is straightforward enough that you can have Spanish also offers a few lessons.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - About the Author

These are the reasons to learn spanish. The same reasons Rocket Languages used in their methods to furthermore enhance the knowledge of an individuals about language.If you want to learn more about the reasons to learn spanish, click here now!



          Reasons to Learn Spanish - Cultural understanding        


What are the reasons to learn Spanish? For starters, residents of the US, a bunch unknown for conquering monoligualism, are studying Spanish in record numbers. Spanish, too, is beginning to become of larger significance in Europe, where it often the foreign language of choice after British . And it's not surprising that Spanish is a favored second or third language: with some 400 million speakers, it is the fourth most commonly spoken language on the world (after English, Chinese and Hindustani), and in the opinion of some counts it has more native speakers than British does. It is an official language on four continents and is of historical significance elsewhere.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Better understanding of English


Much of the vocabulary of British Spanish - Better knowledge of which came to English by way of French. Since Spanish is also a Latin language, you will find as you study Spanish that you Spanish is also a better understanding of your native vocabulary. Similarly, both Spanish and English share Indo-European roots, so their grammars are similar. There is a similar way to learn English grammar than by studying the grammar of another language, this one of the many reasons to learn Spanish. For the lots of reasons to think about how your language is structured. It's not unusual, for example, to gain an understanding of English verbs' tenses and moods by learning how those verbs are used in Spanish.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Knowing your neighbors

Not all that many years ago, the Spanish-speaking population of the United States was confined to the Mexican Border States, Florida and New York City. But no more. Even where I live, less than 100 kilometers from the Canadian border, there are Spanish-speaking people S. Was restricted to the same street as I do. Knowing Spanish has proven invaluable in speaking with other residents of my town who don't know English.

Learning the Spanish language can be challenging, but it can also be fun. These are the reasons to learn spanish, you'll find it more interesting and most effective.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Travel

Yes, it is perfectly possible to visit Mexico, Spain and even Equatorial Guinea other residents of Spanish. But it isn't nearly half as much fun. I remember about Spanish - when my Spanish was much less adequate than it is today - when I met some mariachis on top of one of the pyramids near Mexico City. Because I spoke (albeit limited) Spanish, they wrote down the words for me so I could sing along. It turned out to be one of my most memorable travel experiences, and one unlike what most tourists have the opportunity to enjoy. Time and time again while traveling in Mexico, Central America and South America I have had doors opened to me simply albeit limited ) for me to see and do things that many other visitors do {not.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Cultural understanding

While most of us can't hope most holiday makers have the languages of more than one or two cultures other than that of our own, those that we can learn help us to learn how other people learn and think. When I read Latin American or Spanish newspapers, for example, I often find that I gain a that many of how other people think and feel, a way that is different than my own. Spanish also offers a wealth of literature, both modern and traditional.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - It's easy

Spanish is one of the easiest from that of its vocabulary is similar to English's, and written Spanish is almost completely phonetic: Look at almost any Spanish how other folks learn and you can tell how it is pronounced. And while mastering the grammar of Spanish can be a challenge, basic a way that is straightforward enough that you can have Spanish also offers a few lessons.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - About the Author

These are the reasons to learn spanish. The same reasons Rocket Languages used in their methods to furthermore enhance the knowledge of an individuals about language.If you want to learn more about the reasons to learn spanish, click here now!



          OPEC Deal In Jeopardy As Exempted Nations Boost Output        
All data below is based on the latest OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report. All data is through July 2017 and is in thousand barrels per day. (Click to enlarge)The above chart does not include the 14th member of OPEC that was just added, Equatorial Guinea. I do not have historical data for Equatorial Guinea so I may not add them at all. It doesn’t really matter since they are only a very minor producer. Also, they are in steep decline, dropping at about 10 percent per year. The huge June OPEC production increased was due to a revision,…
          ExxonMobil Acquires Exploration Acreage in Equatorial Guinea        
Exxon Mobil Corporation today announced that its wholly owned affiliate, Exploration and Production Equatorial Guinea (Deepwater) Ltd., has signed a production sharing contract with the government of Equatorial Guinea for a deepwater block located 36 miles west of Malabo. "We look forward to building on our more than 20-year history of safe operations in Equatorial Guinea with this new high-quality exploration opportunity," said Steve Greenlee, president of ExxonMobil Exploration Company. "W...
          Songa Offshore Asa – Financial Analysis Review—-Aarkstore Enterprise Market Research Aggregation        
Songa Offshore ASA (Songa Offshore) is an independent offshore drilling company. The company along with its subsidiaries is engaged in the operating and marketing of offshore drilling rigs. Songa Offshore’s areas of operation are Houston in the US, Singapore, Equatorial Guinea and Australia. The company is headquartered in Oslo, Norway. The company has 17 subsidiaries which are involved in the offshore drilling operations. The company along with the subsidiaries owns four semi submersible drilling rigs and a drill ship operated by the company.
          Spanish-speaking countries        
How many Spanish-speaking countries are there in the world? Well, there are 21 countries that have Spanish as an official language. These countries in alphabetical order are: Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Equatorial Guinea, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Spain, Uruguay, Venezuela. Of course […]
          Avichang Lyretail – Fundulopanchax Avichang        
Common name: Avichang Lyretail  Scientific name: Fundulopanchax Avichang  Average Adult Fish Size: 2.5cm / 1Inch  Place of Origin: Equatorial Guinea  Typical Tank setup: A heavily planted aquarium is the perfect set up for this species.  Recommended Minimum Aquarium Capacity: 100 …
                  

          SPANISH HISTORY-Francoist Dictatorship        

1939 to 1945: Spain stays out of the 2nd World War.

1947: Franco announces the restoration of the monarchy when he dies or retires (Law of Succession).

1953: Spain and the US sign a co-operation agreement providing for the establishment of bases for joint use.

1955: An agreement between the US and the Soviet Union enables Spain to enter the United Nations with other fifteen nations.

1956: Sidi Mohamed ben Yusef, the Moroccan Sultan, reaches an agreement with Franco to end the Spanish protectorate over Morocco.

1958: The Spanish government hands over Tarfaya (an area in the South of Morocco) to Morocco. The Moroccan Government also claims Ifni.

1962: HRH Prince Juan Carlos marries the royal princess Sofia de Grecia.

1963: The Co-operation Agreement with the United States is extended for five years more.

1968: Spain grants Equatorial Guinea its independence (October 12th).

1969: The territory of Ifni is handed over to Morocco. The border with Gibraltar is closed. Juan Carlos de Borbon y Borbon is formally invested as Crown Prince, one day after Franco names him as successor with the title of King.

1970: The Friendship and Co-operation Agreement with the US is renewed for five years.

1973: The head of the government, Luis Carrero Blanco, is assassinated in the bombing attack by ETA, the Basque separatist organization (December 20th).

1975: In collective pastoral -the first since 1937- the bishops state that the guaranteeing of 'the rights of assembly, association and expression' are 'obligatory'.

The US and Spain announce an agreement of principle on the military bases, which establishes American military aid for Spain (October 4th).

A decree declares the regional languages -Catalan, Basque and Galician- to be national languages.

The Cortes approve the end of the Spanish presence in Spanish Sahara and the transfer of the territorial administration of the colonial Government (November 18th).

General Franco dies (November 20th).

King Juan Carlos takes the oath as King of Spain at a joint session of the Cortes and the Council of the Realm.

A chapter of Spanish history was forever closed and the doors of freedom and hope were opened for the Spanish people.



          ØªØ±Ø¯Ø¯ القنوات الفضائية الناقلة لبطولة امم افريقيا مجانا CAN 2017        
كيفية مشاهدة مباريات بطولة أمم افريقيا 2017 بالجابون مجانا علي جميع الاقمار الصناعية نايل سات وعرب سات وسهيل سات والقمر التركي والهولندي والهوت بيرد مجانا علي القنوات المفتوحة مجانا وتردد القنوات المكسورة بالشيرنج frequencies وقنوات بي ان سبورتس ماكس 

بطولة كأس أمم افريقيا 2017 بالغابون

النسخة 31 من بطولة كأس الأمم الأفريقية لكرة القدم 2017 ستقام في الفتره من 14 يناير 2017 و تنتهي في 5 فبراير 2017، بطولة الأمم الافريقية هي البطولة الرئيسية لمنتخبات الاتحاد الأفريقي لكرة القدم كاف والتي كان من المقرر أن تقام في ليبيا لكن تم سحب تنظيم البطولة منها بسبب الأوضاع الأمنية و فازت الغابون بشرف تنظيم الدورة التي من المقرر ان يتأهل بطل هذه النسخة إلى كأس القارات 2017 في روسيا.
وسيشارك في البطولة 16 منتخباً تم تقسيمهم الي 4 مجموعات كالتالي:
المجموعة الاولي وتضم منتخبات: الغابون - بوركينا فاسو - الكاميرون - غينيا بيساو
المجموعة الثانية وتضم منتخبات: الجزائر - تونس - السنغال - زيمبابوي
المجموعة الثالثة وتضم منتخبات: ساحل العاج - جمهورية الكونغو - المغرب - توغو
المجموعة الرابعة وتضم منتخبات: غانا - مالي - مصر - أوغندا

كيفية مشاهدة مباريات بطولة أمم افريقيا 2017

بامكانكم مشاهدة البث المباشر لمباريات البطولة الأفريقية التي ستقام في الجابون فضائياً بمنطقة الشرق الأوسط وشمال أفريقيا عبر مجموعة قنوات بي إن سبورت beIN Sports القطرية صاحبة الحقوق الحصرية لبطولات الكاف في الشرق الاوسط و شمال افريقيا. ولكن يوجد العديد من القنوات الأوروبية التي ستقوم بنقل البطولة علي الهواء مباشرة علي اقمار يوتلسات EutelSat وقمر هوت بيرد HotBird وقمر ياه سات YahSat وقمر استرا Astra وقمر هيلا سات HellasSat وقمر هيسبا سات Hispasat.
 
تردد القنوات الفضائية الناقلة لبطولة امم افريقيا مجانا CAN 2017

القنوات المجانية المفتوحة التي ستذيع بطولة أفريقيا :
قناة يورو سبورت الألمانية - EuroSport 2 HD Germany
EutelSat 9°E - 12437 H 27500
Astra 19°E - 11876 H 27500 
Astra 19°E - 12382 H 27500
Astra 19°E - 12226 H 27500
 
قنوات يورسبورت 1 و 2 الاسبانية ضمن باقة موفيستار - EuroSport Spain
Astra 19°E – 10936 V 22000
Astra 19°E – 10758 V 22000
Hispasat 30°W - 12226 V 27500
 
قنوات ارينا سبورت بالبوسنية - Arena Sport Bosnia and Herzegovina
HellasSat 39°E - 11135 V 30000

قناة الكونغو - Tele Congo
Hotbird 13°E – 11623 V 27500

قناة آر تي اس السنغانية - RTS 1 Senegal
Eutelsat 7°E - 11221 H 27500
Eutelsat 7°E - 12728 H 30000
SES 22°W - 10986 V 30000
SES 22°W - 11551 V 40000

قناة ORTM المالية - ORTM Mali
Eutelsat 7°E - 11221 H 27500
SES 22°W - 11551 V 40000

قناة RTI العاجية - RTI 1 Ivory Coast
Badr | Es'hailSat 26°E - 12073 H 27500

قناة ORTB البنينية - ORTB Benin
Eutelsat 5°W - 12690 V 29950

قناة TVGE الغينية - TVGE Internacional  Equatorial Guinea
Eutelsat 7°E - 11221 H 27500

قناة TVT التابعة لدولة توجو - TVT International Togo
EutelSat 9°E - 11900 H 27500

قناة TV 5 Monde Afrique France
Eutelsat 3°E - 11481 H 45000

قناة DTV 14 الجزائرية - DTV 14 TIARET
  
تردد قنوات الشيرنغ الناقلة لمباريات البطولة
قنوات بي ان سبورتس الفرنسية - beIN Sports HD France
Astra 19°E - 12610 V 22000
Astra 19°E - 11377 V 22000
Astra 19ºE - 11856 V 29700
Astra 19ºE - 11895 V 29700
Hotbird 13°E – 12577 H 29900
Hotbird 13°E – 11096 H 29900

قناة فوكس سبورت الهولندية - Fox sport Netherlands 1HD, 2HD 1080, 3HD 720 
Astra 1D 23.5E - 11739 V 29900
Astra 1D 23.5E - 12187 H 29900
Astra 1D 23.5E - 12129 V 29900
 
قنوات ارينا سبورت الكرواتية - Arena Sport HD Croatia
Eutelsat 16°E - 11678 H 30000
Eutelsat 16°E - 11595 H 30000
Eutelsat 16°E - 11512 H 30000

قنوات سوني السادسة الهندية - Sony SIX India
AsiaSat 100°E - 12582 V 40700

قنوات يورسبورت 1 و 2 الاسبانية - EuroSport Spain
Astra 19°E - 11686 V 22000
HispaSat 30°W - 11811 V 27500

قنوات يورسبورت 2 الألمانية - EuroSport 2 HD Germany
EutelSat 9°E - 12437 H 27500
Astra 19°E - 11876 H 27500

قنوات يورسبورت 1و 2 و3  البرتغالية - EuroSport 1/2/3 Portugal
Hispasat 30°W - 12398 H 27500
Hispasat 30°W - 12130 H 27500
Hispasat 30°W - 12360 H 27500
Hispasat 30°W - 12207 H 27500
Hispasat 30°W - 12437 H 27500

قنوات يورسبورت 1 و 2 البولندية - EuroSport 1 / 2 Poland
Hotbird 13°E - 10912 V 27500
Hotbird 13°E - 12189 V 27500
Hotbird 13°E - 12284 H 27500
Hotbird 13°E - 11258 H 27500

قنوات يورسبورت 1 و 2 البريطانية - EuroSport 1 / 2 UK
 Astra 28°E - 12148 H 27500

باقة قنوات بي ان ماكس القطرية المشفرة beIN SPORTS Max 1, 2, 3, 4 HD Arabia
تردد قنوات بي ان ماكس سبورتس beIN Sports Max علي قمر سهيل سات
Es'hailSat | Badr 26°E - 11547 V 27500
Es'hailSat | Badr 26°E - 11585 V 27500
Es'hailSat | Badr 26°E - 11623 V 27500
Es'hailSat | Badr 26°E - 11642 V 27500
Es'hailSat | Badr 26°E - 11566 H 27500

 ØªØ±Ø¯Ø¯ قنوات بي ان ماكس سبورتس beIN Sports Max علي قمر نايل سات
NileSat 7°W - 12475 V 27500
NileSat 7°W - 12264 H 27500
NileSat 7°W - 12245 V 27500

لمشتركي الباقة الكاملة Complete ستنزل لك القنوات مجانا
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          Failing States and Despots: Interesting Reading        
My favorite magazine edition of the year just came out: Foreign Policy's Failed State Index.. As always it is full of interesting data points that help one understand how and why state's fail. But this year there is also a ranking of the worst leaders in the world.

What is striking, from my perspective, is that only two Latin American leaders are named: Hugo Chávez, weighing at number 17 of the 23 worst listed, and Raúl Castro at number 21. What is also striking is that their three primary allies outside of Latin America are also among the world's worst: Mahmoud Ajmadinejad of Iran at number 8; Basher al-Assad of Syria (recently jointly bashing Israel and calling for an end to the empire, meaning the United States) at number 12; and China's Hu Jintao, busying buying up all the natural resources he can, at number 10.

Sub-Saharan Africa, of course, has the most of the worst, including my personal favorite, Equatorial Guinea's Teodoro Obiang (number 14), who has hired Lanny Davis and other prominent and once respectable people as lobbyists. Obiang deposed and killed his uncle before assuming power in 1979, and was well-loved for continuing his uncle's heart-warming custom of having his political enemies beaten to death with metal bars in the main stadium while the band played "Happy Days are Here Again."

But back to Latin America: One can tell a great deal about leaders by the company they keep and the alliances they build. Chávez, rather than embracing any government with a liberal democratic form of government, has gone for the most repressive. Not coincidentally, both Syria and Iran are among the world's foremost sponsors of terrorism. Cuba, toying with modest internal reforms, remains a formidably repressive state, and has been busy helping the Bolivarian states implant state of the art internal security apparatuses that are sure to improve their respective repressive capacities.

There is nothing subtle about the aims of the Venezuela-Iran-Syria axis. As Chávez stated while hosting al-Assad stated on his first trip to Latin America earlier this week, after declaring the "Syria-Venezuela axis" to be of "strategic importance":

Arab civilization and our civilization, the Latin American one, are being summoned in this new century to play the fundamental role of liberating the world, saving the world from the imperialism and capitalist hegemony that threaten the human species. Syria and Venezuela are at the vanguard of this struggle.

It would, of course, be interesting to see how many Syrians would stay "liberated" in Syria if they could freely leave, and how many other people acquainted with the regime would choose that sort of emancipation.

In return Al-Assad praised Chavez for standing up to the United States.

“There are few politicians who are courageous to speak out when it’s necessary,” he said. “Chavez has projected the image of a resistant Venezuela.”

Both Chavez and al-Assad defended Iran's right to nuclear technology for peaceful purposes.

'We believe that all countries have this right,' said al-Assad. 'It's part of our basic principles that all states have the same rights.'

It is easy to believe this is all theater with few real ramifications for the rest of the world. But all three countries (Venezuela, Syria and Iran) are going for nuclear technology. Syria has already tried to build a North Korean-style reactor, only to have it obliterated by Israel, and did so outside the world's nuclear regulatory framework. Iran has now been sanctioned four times by the United Nations for its lack of transparency. Chávez has vowed to build a "nuclear village" with the help of the major nations in violation of international agreements.

When you add oil money to the mix, and the presence of the FARC and Hezbollah as primary non-state actors at the disposal of the world's worst leaders, the danger should be self-evident.
          Taarabt happy with return        
Image text here

Queens Park Rangers star Adel Taarabt revealed his delighted after helping Morocco to the African Cup of Nations on his international return.
Taarabt had been at loggerheads with coach Eric Gerets, but he was recalled for their clash with Tanzania.
And on his return he fired home a brilliant free-kick in their 3-1 win - which booked their spot in next year's finals.
"I am very happy," Taarabt told skysports.com.
"You saw how I celebrated the goal with coach Eric Gerets, who has been very understanding with me.
"I dedicate that goal to him, he gave me another chance to show my worth to my country and I am very proud of that."
Taarabt now feels Morocco have a great chance of winning in Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, especially as the likes of Egypt, Cameroon, Nigeria, South Africa and Algeria all failing to qualify.
"We are going to the competition [ACN] with confidence with so many big teams absent I think we have a great chance," said Taaraby.
"The only outstanding team there is Ghana, the Ivory Coast have the outstanding individuals, on their day they will beat each one of us, but we have our chances."

          Morocco call up Taarabt for preliminary squad        
QPR and Morocco's Adel Taarabt

Morocco coach Eric Gerets has named controversial midfielder Adel Taarabt in his preliminary squad for their 2012 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Tanzania.
Taarabt walked out on the Atlas Lions squad in June ahead of their qualifier against Algeria.
It is not clear whether the QPR star will honour the call up for the game in Marrakech on 9 October.
Taarabt was a key factor in QPR's promotion to the Premier League, being named the Championship player of the year.
He has had problems with the Moroccan team before, reacting badly when forced to start last October's 2012 Nations Cup qualifier against Tanzania on the bench.
Having played for France at youth level, Taarabt made his debut for the land of his birth in 2009.
Morocco were already without freescoring Ajax Amsterdam striker Mounir al-Hamdoui for the spicy Algeria clash, with the Atlas Lions keen to avenge their 1-0 defeat in Annaba in March.
Morocco are top of Group D with eight points and an emphatic victory over Tanzania will seal their place at next year's tournament in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea.
Morocco Preliminary squad:
Ismail Aissati (Ajax, Netherlands), Ahmed Ajedou (Wydad Casablanca), Jamal Alioui (Al Kharityath, Qatar), Nordin Amrabat (Kayserispor. Turkey), Ossama Assaidi (Heerenveen, Netherlands), Aissam Badda (FUS Rabat), Micahael Basser (Buraspor, Turkey), Younes Belhanda (Montpellier, France), Mohamed Berrabeh (Wydad Casablanca), Mbark Boussoufa (Anzhi Makhachkala, Russia), Rachid Bourabia (Mons, Belgium), Kamal Chafni (Auxerre, France), Marouane Chamakh (Arsenal, England) Mohammed Chihani (Al Arabi, Qatar), Adil Chihi (Cologne, Germany), Nabil Dirar (Club Brugge, Belgium), Larim El Ahmadi Aroussi (Feyenoord, Netherlands), Youssef El Arabi (Al Hilal, Saudi Arabia), Mounir El Hamdaoui (Ajax, Netherlands), Mostapha El Kabir (Cagliari, Italy), Badr El Kaddouri (Celtic, Scotland), Abdelhamid El Kaoutari (Montpellier, France) Ayoub El Khaliqi (Wydad Casablanca), Mehdi El Moutaqui (Udinese, Italy) Youssouf Hadji (Rennes, France), Houssine Kharja (Fiorentina, Italy), Oussama Laghrib (FUS Rabat), Nadir Lamyaghri (Wydad Casablanca), Ahmed Mohamadina (Olympic Khouribga), Mustapha Mrani (MAS), Youssef Rabeh (Wydad Casablanca), Fatah Said (Wydad Casablanca), Rachid Soulaimani (Raja Casablanca), Adel Taarabt (QPR, England)

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          Beginningspanishlessons - Knowing your Neighbors        


What are the reasons to learn Spanish? For starters, residents of the United States, a bunch not known for conquering monoligualism, are studying Spanish in record numbers. Spanish, too, is becoming of greater importance in Europe, where it often the foreign language of choice after English. And it's no wonder that Spanish is a popular second or third language: with some 400 million speakers, it's the fourth most commonly spoken language in the world (after English, Chinese and Hindustani), and according to some counts it has more native speakers than English does. It is an official language on four continents and is of historical importance elsewhere.

Beginning Spanish Lessons - Better understanding of English

Much of the vocabulary of English has Latin origins, much of which came to English by way of French. Since Spanish is also a Latin language, you will find as you study Spanish that you have a better understanding of your native vocabulary. Similarly, both Spanish and English share Indo-European roots, so their grammars are similar. There is perhaps no more effective way to learn English grammar than by studying the grammar of another language, this one of the many reasons to learn Spanish. For the study forces you to think about how your language is structured. It's not unusual, for example, to gain an understanding of English verbs' tenses and moods by learning how those verbs are used in Spanish.

Beginning Spanish Lessons - Knowing your neighbors

Not all that many years ago, the Spanish-speaking population of the United States was confined to the Mexican Border States, Florida and New York City. But no more. Even where I live, less than 100 kilometers from the Canadian border, there are Spanish-speaking people living on the same street as I do. Knowing Spanish has proven invaluable in speaking with other residents of my town who don't know English.

Beginning Spanish Lessons - Travel

Yes, it is perfectly possible to visit Mexico, Spain and even Equatorial Guinea without speaking a word of Spanish. But it isn't nearly half as much fun. I remember about two decades ago - when my Spanish was much less adequate than it is today - when I met some mariachis on top of one of the pyramids near Mexico City. Because I spoke (albeit limited) Spanish, they wrote down the words for me so I could sing along. It turned out to be one of my most memorable travel experiences, and one unlike what most tourists have the opportunity to enjoy. Time and time again while traveling in Mexico, Central America and South America I have had doors opened to me simply because I speak Spanish, allowing me to see and do things that many other visitors do not.

Reasons to Learn Spanish - Cultural understanding:

While most of us can't hope to learn the languages of more than one or two cultures other than that of our own, those that we can learn help us to learn how other people learn and think. When I read Latin American or Spanish newspapers, for example, I often find that I gain a sense of how other people think and feel, a way that is different than my own. Spanish also offers a wealth of literature, both modern and traditional. For more information CLICK HERE!

Beginning Spanish Lessons - It's easy

Spanish is one of the easiest foreign languages to learn. Much of its vocabulary is similar to English's, and written Spanish is almost completely phonetic: Look at almost any Spanish word and you can tell how it is pronounced. And while mastering the grammar of Spanish can be a challenge, basic grammar is straightforward enough that you can have meaningful communication after only a few lessons.

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          Africa Cup of Nations Qualifying Review: South Sudan make history, Liberia shock Tunisia        
South Sudan earned their first ever competitive victory with a 1-0 win over Equatorial Guinea in their Africa Cup of Nations qualifier on Saturday. The minnows joined the ranks of international football in 2012 and had not found the net since a 3-1 defeat to Kenya in November 2013, but Atak Lual's 52nd-minute strike was enough to seal a 1-0 win in Juba. The momentous result lifts Lee Sung-Je's side to second place in Group C ahead of Benin’s clash with Mali on Sunday. There was similar joy for Liberia, who shocked Group A rivals Tunisia with a 1-0 victory despite being without first-choice goalkeeper Nathaniel Sherman, who reportedly suffered a serious eye injury after inadvertently barging into a glass door at the team's hotel. But a Francis Forkey Doe strike in the 11th minute proved decisive, in the first international match to be held in Monrovia since the lifting of the Ebola ban. Ghana, runners-up to the Ivory Coast in 2015, look well-placed for another finals berth after preserving their 100 per cent record in Group H by edging to a 1-0 win over Rwanda thanks to Mubarak Wakaso's superb 88th-minute free-kick. Morocco were more emphatic in securing their second win in Group F, brushing aside Sao Tome and Principe 3-0. In Group K, Senegal took advantage of Burundi's 2-0 win over Niger with 2-0 win away to Namibia, courtesy of goals from Premier League stars Cheikhou Kouyate and Sadio Mane – a win that leaves them three points clear at the top. Meanwhile, three-time champions Nigeria were held to a disappointing 0-0 draw at Tanzania and could be knocked off the top of Group G should Egypt beat Chad on Sunday, while South Africa's difficulties in Group M continued with a 3-1 defeat to Mauritania. A solitary 25th-minute strike from Tonny Mawejje saw Uganda rise to the top of group D with a 1-0 win away to Comoros, overtaking Burkina Faso, who slumped to a 1-0 defeat at Botswana. Elsewhere, 10-man Seychelles lifted themselves off the bottom of Group J with a 1-1 draw to Ethiopia, while Group E remains wide open after Congo's 1-1 draw with Guinea Bissau.
          Africa Cup of Nations Qualifying Review: Adebayor makes triumphant return        
Togo striker Emmanuel Adebayor put his differences with the national team behind him, scoring the winner to earn his country a 2-1 success over Liberia in African Cup of Nations qualifying. The Tottenham forward was axed from the squad to face Ghana in a friendly on Monday, after reportedly failing to report for the team's training camp. Adebayor has since made up with head coach Tom Saintfiet, however, and his decisive strike in Sunday's Group A fixture can only have helped repair the relationship further. Togo fell behind to William Jebor's effort three minutes before half-time, but Sadat Ouro-Akoriko equalised shortly after the hour and then Adebayor snatched the winner three minutes from time. Cameroon were grateful to Vincent Aboubakar's last-minute effort for their 1-0 win over Mauritania which enabled them to go top of Group M, while Ghana had no such problems in seeing off Mauritius 7-1. Asamoah Gyan and Jordan Ayew both scored twice for this year's beaten finalists, while the other game in Group H saw Rwanda claim a 1-0 win at Mozambique. Seven-time champions Egypt were comfortable 3-0 winners over Tanzania as they got their Group G campaign off to a strong start - Rami Rabia, Basem Morsi and Mohamed Salah all finding the net. In Group B, goals from Firmin Mubele and Joel Kimwaki earned Democratic Republic of Congo a 2-1 home success over Madagascar. Ethiopia also prevailed by the same scoreline, Gatoch Panom and Saladin Said on target as they overcame Lesotho in Group J. The game between Congo and Kenya finished 1-1, as did the clash involving 2015 hosts Equatorial Guinea and Benin. Elsewhere, Souleymane Sacko's penalty earned Niger a 1-0 victory over Namibia in Group K, and another game was decided by a spot-kick as Ramadan Alagab's successful attempt saw Sudan defeat Sierra Leone 1-0.
          Africa Cup of Nations Qualification Preview: Egypt, Nigeria target AFCON return        
Hector Cuper's first key assignment as Egypt coach begins on Sunday as the seven-time continental champions begin qualification for the Africa Cup of Nations. Egypt were absent from the most recent AFCON after bowing out in qualification, with the former Inter boss appointed in March. Cuper's men are at home to Tanzania, while the other fixture in Group G sees 2013 champions Nigeria host Chad. Stephen Keshi's men also failed to qualify for this year's competition and the Super Eagles' qualification build-up has been marred by reports of a bust-up between the coach and midfielder John Obi Mikel. "I don't have a problem with Mikel," Keshi responded this week. "I spoke with him before I invited his fellow players for this game. We don't need him at this moment. In September we might need his services if he is available." Ghana will be heavy favourites to move into the next round from Group H as this year's beaten finalists welcome Mauritius while group rivals Mozambique and Rwanda meet in Maputo. Holders Ivory Coast travel to hosts and automatic qualifiers Gabon for a friendly without influential midfielder Yaya Toure with Sierra Leone and Sudan looking to get some early momentum in the only three-team group. George Weah junior - son of the legendary Liberia striker - could make his international debut for James Debbah's men when they face Togo in Lome. Elsewhere in Group A, Africa's lowest-ranked side Djibouti will hope to pull off a surprise result against Tunisia while Aliou Cisse takes charge of his first competitive Senegal match against Burundi in Dakar. The former Senegal international has been keen to play down his side's favourites tag, but will nonetheless be confident following March's friendly win over Ghana. Group K's other fixture sees COSAFA Cup winners Namibia travel to Niger, while there are also away trips for Libya, Swaziland and Zimbabwe, who travel to Morocco, Guinea and Malawi. Group M favourites Cameroon and South Africa face Mauritania and Gambia, with Cape Verde Islands hosting Sao Tome e Principe and Guinea-Bissau taking on Zambia. Elsewhere, Uganda and Burkina Faso entertain Botswana and Comoros, and Congo and Congo DR take on Kenya and Madagascar. In Group C, Equatorial Guinea - hosts of 2015's competition - welcome Benin as Mali face South Sudan. Guinea-Bissau meet Zambia in Ndola with Algeria taking on Seychelles and Lesotho travelling to Ethiopia.
          AFCON Qualifying Wrap: Holders Nigeria out        
Stephen Keshi's Nigeria side, defending champions after their success in South Africa last year, failed to win any of their opening three Group A matches but gave themselves hope of a great escape by beatingSudan and Congo. Those wins meant they were second ahead of their final game against South Africa, but a 2-2 draw saw them fail to reach the tournament proper for the first time since 2000. Tokelo Rantie's double put South Africa in control, before Sone Aluko pulled one back in the 68th minute to offer hope to the home fans at the Akwa Ibom Stadium. A red card for South Africa's Reneilwe Letsholonyane gave Nigeria further optimism and Aluko scored again in stoppage time, but it was too little too late. South Africa, who have still yet to beat Nigeria in a competitive fixture, subsequently finish top of the group unbeaten, while Congo's 1-0 win at Sudan means they will also contest the tournament slated to start in Equatorial Guinea in January. Egypt are also out after their chances of securing the qualifying spot for thebest third-placed teamwere dashed when they surrendered alead to lose2-1 at Group G winnersTunisia. With Tunisia and Senegal having already qualified, Egypt -the most successful team in AFCON history -needed to win by at least two clear goals to earn a reprieve but fell short. Senegal rounded off their campaign witha 3-0 win at home to Botswana. Egypt's failure meant that Democratic Republic of Congo take the vacant spot for the best of the restafter they defeated Sierra Leone 3-1 in Group D. The Ivory Coast secured second spot in the pool after a 0-0 draw with group leadersCameroon - who had Stephane Mbia sent off - but the game was marred by a mass pitch invasion, which saw fans and police clash. Ghana booked their place courtesy of a 3-1 success at home to Togo in a close Group E, from which all four teams harboured hopes of qualifying. The Black Stars' defeat to Uganda last Saturday meant they needed at least a point to qualify and Abdul Majeed Waris' first international goal in 13 months and a 35-yard rocket from Wakaso Mubarak put them 2-0 ahead by half-time. Togo pulled one back shortly after the restart through Jonathan Ayite but Ghana's stand-in captain Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu made sure of the points in the 69th minute, meaning they finish top ahead of Guinea who beat Uganda 2-0. In Group B Mali's 2-0 win over table-toppers Algeria saw them progress at the expense of Malawi who could only draw 0-0 with Ethiopia, while in Group C Gabon overtook Lesotho courtesy of a 4-2 win andBurkina Faso ended their successful campaign with a 1-1 draw against Angola, going through top. Elsewhere, Cape Verde lost 1-0 at Zambia but both teams had qualifiedfrom Group F. The pool's other sidesNiger and Mozambique drew 1-1.
          AFCON Qualifying Preview: Nigeria eye great escape        
The West African side failed to win a single one of their opening three Group A matches, casting doubt over whether they would get the chance to defend the title they won in South Africa in 2013. Nigeria now sit second following victories over Sudan and Congo,but know anything less than a win against the alreadyqualified South Africa on Wednesday could end their hopes of making the tournament in Equatorial Guinea. Congo - third by virtue of their inferior head-to-head record against Nigeria - head to Sudan knowing they must better Nigeria's result. Group E remains wide open, with all four teams still harbouring dreams of qualification. Ghanalead the way with eight pointsand a draw againstTogo - bottom on six - would be enough to see them through, although they come into the fixture on the back of a 1-0 defeat in Uganda, and defeat would ensure theyfinish outside the top two. It is impossible for Guinea and Uganda to qualify together automatically, so their encounter on Wednesday is effectively a play-off. Those who miss out in Groups A and E could be afforded a reprieve, as the poolslead the way in the chase for the best third-placed nation. Algeria have run away with Group B and head to a Mali side desperate to edge Malawi to qualification. Second-placed Mali hold a four-goal advantage over their rivals, who visit Ethiopia, so a win should be enough to see them progress. Group D leaders Cameroon have already booked their place at next year's tournament and host Ivory Coast in Abidjan this week. The Ivorianssit three points clear of third-placed Democratic Republic of Congo, but a defeat coupled with a win for their nearest rivals over Sierra Leone would see them miss out on a top-two finish, owing to their having scored fewer goals in matches between the two nations. Cape Verde and Zambia meet in Group F having already made certain of their finals place, while Mozambique aim to enhance their slim chances of finishing as the best third-placed team at Niger. It is a similar story in groups C and G, withBurkina Faso, Gabon, Tunisia and Senegal having already qualified, andAngola and Egypt scrapping in third. Angola head to Burkina Faso in Group C, while Lesotho are at Gabon, and Group G sees Tunisia host Egypt and Senegal face Botswana.
          AFCON Qualifying Wrap: Keet honours Meyiwa        
Former goalkeeper and captain Meyiwa was shot and killed in Johannesburg last month, with Saturday's meetingrepresenting Bafana Bafana'sfirst fixture since the tragedy. Goals from Thulani Serero - his first in international football -and Tokelo Rantie clinched victoryand also confirmedSouth Africa's passage to the tournament proper, to be held in Equatorial Guinea next year. Keet, who replaced Meyiwa in goal for the hosts,was understandablyemotional in the aftermath of the victory. "The verse on there [hisgloves]was John 15:17, where it says, 'there's no greater love than to lay down one's life for one's friend'," he said. "I'm emotional of course, he was a great friend of mine.I just want to pay tribute and honour him. I never got the chance to go to the grave,but I hope he's watching us from above and knows that we are thinking about him. "I just wish he was here with us, that's all I can say, that's what makes it emotional, is that he is not here with us. We want him here as a team, but unfortunately his time has gone and we have to move on and his memory will stay strong." Elsewhere in Group A, the race for second place between Congo and Nigeria will go down to the final game, after goals from Ikechukwu Uche and Aaron Samuel earned Nigeria a 2-0 win over their rivals. South Africa are one of nine nations to have secured their place in the finals, alongside the likes of Cape Verde and Zambiawho both sealed their progress from Group F. Cape Verde advancedwith a 3-1 home win over Niger, while Zambia were grateful to Given Singuluma's goal for their 1-0 success against Mozambique. By contrast, Group E will go down to the wire with all four teams separated by just two points. Ghana sit top on eight points after their 1-0 loss to Uganda, who are a point behind in second. Guinea also have seven points after Idrissa Sylla's hat-trick inspired them to a 4-1 win over Togo, who sit bottom of the group on six. Senegal joined Group G rivals Tunisia in qualifying, as they overcame Egypt 1-0 away from home,while Algeria maintained their 100 per cent record in Group B with a 3-1win over Ethiopia. Malawi did their hopes of claiming the runners-up spot in that group the power of good as they beat Mali 2-0, leaving both sides level on six points heading into the final round of fixtures. In Group D, Ivory Coast's 5-1 thrashing of Sierra Leone means they need just a point from their final game to advance, after Congo DR went down 1-0 to Cameroon. Elsewhere,Burkina Faso and Gabon are assured of their progression from Group C. The former edged past Lesotho 1-0 away from home, while Gabon's clash with Angola ended goalless.
          Donald Trump to Arrest Mugabe And 6 Other African Leaders Within A Month. Read Shocking Details.        

American president Donald Trump has, on his first official day in office, reiterated that he will be coming for what he calls “corrupt African leaders” and it is his “first thing on the list”. Speaking from his official residence , The White House, Donald Trump said he is going to make sure he puts behind bars the president of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe and South African president Jacob Zuma. Also on his list is Swaziland King Mswati III, Omar Al-Bashir, President of Sudan, José Eduardo dos Santos, President of Angola , Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea and Yoweri Museveni President of Uganda.

 

According to him,  “I promised to deal with corrupt leaders and I will make sure within my first month in office, these 7 corrupt and evil men are brought before the International Criminal Court. For example, the guy from South Africa, Jacob, he faced over 700 charges but got convicted of none. That will not happen under my watch” iMZanzi reported.

 

Last year, the US business icon Donald Trump’s statement was conceived as a notice to Mugabe and Ugandan President, of what their fate will be if he becomes the President of the United States of America. While addressing war veterans in a speech in Washington, Trump warned the other dictators across the globe who want to die in power, that it’s just a matter of time before they face justice for their crimes.

 

“I want to reiterate here before America’s greatest heroes that I will not condone any dictatorial tendencies exhibited by dictators around the world especially the two old men from Zimbabwe and Uganda.”

 

Mugabe responded “Recently that madman that wants to be American President said he’ll arrest some African Presidents including my brother Yoweri and myself and lock us in his imaginary prison should he become American President” “May I state here that Trump will never take us anywhere because we Africans are the strongest and fearless in the universe. I wish everyone to Know that I have nothing to fear and I want to tell the world that Hitler’s descendant (Trump) has taken after him and he is about to do his worst should the people of America make a mistake of electing him” President Mugabe said.

 


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          Encuentra personas mdiante su telefono y el GPS        
A continuacion les presentamos esta innovacion para localizar gente mediante la señal del celular y un GPS. Gracias a www.trackapartner.com

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THE USE OF THIS SYSTEM IS FOR INFORMATIVE PURPOSES ONLY, WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS ABUSE BY THE USER.
Welcome to Satellite Tracking
GSM mobile phone tracking system via the GPS-TRACK satellite network
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          rony delgarde posted a blog post        
rony delgarde posted a blog post

Congratulations!! METRO ATLANTA CHAMBER ANNOUNCED GLOBAL PAINT AS A FINALIST IN 2017 ATLANTA E3 AWARDS

On behalf of our Board of Directors, Staffs, Volunteers, Supporters and Donors, we are incredibly honored to announce that The Global Paint for Charity has been selected as one of the FINALISTS IN 2017 ATLANTA E3 AWARDS. The E3 Awards celebrate the companies, organizations and people whose work conserving the metro region’s natural resources, development of clean technologies and support of sustainable projects and initiatives is deserving of recognition.22 Finalists were chosen in seven award categories this year. The categories cover a variety of industry sectors, such as water conservation, renewable energy, recycling, smart growth and many more. A winner will be selected in each category during the E3 Awards special event at the Marriott Marquis, Wednesday, October 4, 2017.For more information on the 2017 E3 Awards, please visit: http://atlantae3awards.com/All of us at Global Paint for Charity are very grateful and thank you to the nominating committee at The Metro Atlanta Chamber (MAC) and to our supporters who have supported our mission by donating and volunteering. These folks truly are leading by example. This nomination recognizes how the Global Paint’s mission continues to resonate with millions of people around the world. And who doesn’t like colors? If you are interested in attending to represent and support Global Paint, please visit the link above to claim your tickets. We hope to see you all there and root for Global Paint to be the winner of our group!!!About the Global Paint for CharityThe Global Paint project was created to give each person in developing countries and those in need in the United States, we serve the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of their shelter through every gallon of recycled paint. Through our efforts, we strive to protect the environment, change lives, beautify and transform communities throughout the world. Since 2010, we have collected more than 200,000 gallons of paint and redistributed more than 160,000 gallons to help with renovations and rejuvenation of family homes, homeless shelters, basic schools, churches, orphanages, and hospitals in targeted communities around the world and in many major cities right here in the U.S. and the fair market value of such donation is 4.6 million U.S. dollars.All around the world, we can notice the immediate need of colors to bring hope and happiness in poor communities. It’s estimated that 80 percent of the world’s homes and schools face the dreary reality of unpainted walls in the underprivileged communities, and more than 70 million children have never had access to a painted classroom. While there may be more pressing issues in developing countries than the facade of a neglected wall, dusty classroom or a building, we believe that the right color in their rooms, and classrooms can truly change the ambiance and atmosphere of their environment and their livelihood.Thanks to our program success, we have donated paint to support our major projects in Liberia, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Kenya, Democratic Republic of Congo, Haiti, Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Dominican Republic, Guyana and Jamaica. We still have a lot more work to do to be able to bring colors, hope, unity, peace and happiness to many other regions around the world. While getting people and businesses to donate paint isn’t a problem but collecting, mixing, repackaging and shipping the paint requires lot of funding. With just a small monetary donation from people like you and a little help from the corporations and private firms, we can make a real difference to better livelihoods around the world and help eradicate the causes and effects of poverty and sanitation solution. Your donation can provide buckets for repackaging the paint, cover transportation and shipping costs, or life-changing opportunities like supporting our micro-finance program. With your help, we can paint the world one gallon of paint at a time.Global Paint for Charity is a 501 (c) 3 non-profit organization, your monetary contributions and donations are tax-deductible.Keep following us on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and the blog on our website to learn about exciting updates about our programs in the future.Rony DelgardeGlobal Paint for Charitywww.globalpaints.org#CONGRATULATIONS #ATLANTAE3AWARDS #Globalpaint #CommunityService #MetroAtlantaChamber #ThinkGreen #Gogreen #Recycling #Atlanta #GAGreen #LetsPaintTheWorldForPeace #Changinglives #SustainableCommunity #WeareinthistogheterSee More

          iPhone 3G International: Stage 3 Begins Sept. 26!        
Apple said they would release the iPhone 3G in over 70 countries this year. They started off with 22 way back on July 11, added another 22 in August 22, and now it looks like they're planning on adding 29 more to the party starting September 26. According to Apple Insider, these include: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Russia, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey, and Venezuela. Still no China, of course, along with Korea, or... Antarctica. Anyone else missing? Iphone-riskEgyptSouth AfricaTurkeyBrazilNicaraguaDominican RepublicJamaicaJordanLithuaniaLatviaIphone InternationalBotswanaCameroonCentral African RepublicCroatiaEquatorial GuineaGuineaGuinea-bissauIvory CoastKenyaMadagascarMaliMaltaMauritiusNigerPanamaRussiaQatarSenegalVenezuelaNews...
          Many countries failing test of political will to implement oil and mining industry anti-corruption initiative        

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative deadline arrives with many governments falling short

Tuesday, March 9 marks the deadline for candidate countries to complete external “validation” of their implementation of the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI), a voluntary initiative to increase transparent and accountable management of natural resource wealth. Of the 22 countries subject to the deadline, the fact that 20 have not completed validation will further test the credibility of the EITI process.

While these countries are at various stages of implementation – some making laudable progress – many have shown a lack of political will to fully open their books on oil, gas, and mining payments in these countries, says international aid agency Oxfam.

With more than half of the world’s poorest people living in countries rich in natural resources, the problems associated with oil, gas, and mining booms – increased corruption, conflict, and environmental degradation – are pressing concerns for Oxfam and its partners around the world. Transparency of financial flows is an important condition needed to unlock billions of dollars in oil and mining revenues to help fight poverty.

Transparency and accountability

“These industries generate billions of dollars per year in poor countries. The revenues amount to far more than official aid flows and could fund health, education, and other essential services, but are too often squandered or siphoned off by government officials,” said Raymond C. Offenheiser, president of Oxfam America. “The goal of EITI is to increase accountability and transparency in those countries where it is most needed. It’s disappointing that many countries haven’t yet cleared this hurdle, and it’s clear that other complementary measures focused on company and government disclosure are urgently needed.”

Only two countries – Liberia and Azerbaijan – met the deadline and were subsequently judged compliant by the EITI board. While several countries, such as Ghana, Nigeria, Mongolia, and Timor-Leste have completed draft validation reports, others, such as Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Equatorial Guinea, and Peru are further behind. According to EITI’s rules, countries that fail to meet the deadline will be “delisted” or dropped from EITI with the option to reapply for candidate status. Countries have been advised that they may apply for an extension if they provide evidence of “exceptional and unforeseen circumstances” outside the country’s control that prevented them from meeting the deadline.

“The validation deadline was an important test of political will for governments who say that they are implementing EITI. The EITI board must carry out a fair, transparent process for granting any possible extensions to ensure that the initiative maintains credibility. In addition, supporting countries such as Spain should more actively promote the implementation of EITI within their bilateral and multilateral relationships,” said Laura Ruiz Álvarez, extractive industries advocacy officer of Intermón Oxfam (Spain).

A lack of transparency in the oil, gas, and mining sectors – including secret payments, contracts, and opaque government budgets – is a major contributor to the problems in these countries. Oxfam affiliates and local partners around the world have pressed for greater disclosure of information on payments from companies to governments, contracts, and how revenues are spent.

Success where EITI is supported

Despite weak government capacity – as in many resource-rich countries – Liberia was able to be validated and achieve “compliant status” in 2009, proving that even very poor, post-conflict countries can meet the deadline when EITI is strongly supported and promoted at the highest levels of government. “For those governments truly interested in implementation, millions of dollars of technical assistance from donor governments are available. The board should not accept sluggish government implementation as sufficient reasons for extensions. If extensions are given, the board should explicitly disclose the reasons for the extension cited by the country in its request,” said Offenheiser.

Since October 2006, a strong governance structure has been in place for EITI, including a multi-stakeholder board including company, government, and civil society representatives as well as a clear process for implementation and validation. In 2008, the first 22 candidate countries were given the March 9, 2010 deadline to assess their progress as input into a board decision as to whether or not they are fully “compliant” with the rules of the initiative.

The EITI board will consider all extension requests received by the March 9 deadline at its meeting on April 15/16. Oxfam International believes that any extensions given should be based on the existing EITI rules and contain a hard deadline whereby a country failing to meet the new deadline would be automatically dropped from the initiative without any further board discussion.

Supporting civil society

Oxfam International has been supporting civil society partners – many part of the global Publish What You Pay coalition – in several EITI implementing countries who are working to ensure that their governments faithfully follow through on EITI commitments. In several EITI implementing countries, civil society activists promoting revenue transparency have faced harassment, criminal charges, and jail time merely for exercising their rights to freedom of expression as part of their anti-corruption campaigning. Unfettered and independent civil society participation at every step of the EITI process is non-negotiable. In addition, transparency is needed in other areas to ensure that citizens receive a fair deal from the development of extractive industries. This includes disclosure of contracts and easy access to government budget and expenditure information.

While the burden of implementation is on host governments, EITI does not require international oil and mining companies to act unless host governments decide to join the initiative. Given uneven EITI progress to date, additional disclosure rules for oil, gas and mining companies are needed.

US could lead the way

One such measure, The Energy Security through Transparency Act (ESTT), is a bi-partisan piece of legislation introduced in the United States Senate in September 2009 by Senators Lugar and Cardin. This legislation would require all oil, gas, and mining companies to disclose payments to host countries and extend transparency as a truly global standard for company operations. The ESTT Act would apply not only to US companies, but to all companies registered with the US Securities and Exchange Commission. This includes European companies, such as Shell and BP, as well as those in emerging markets like China, India, and Brazil. In addition to the US passage of this law, other financial jurisdictions in Europe and elsewhere should pass similar legislation.

“Those countries that are the headquarters for the global mining industry including Australia, Canada, and the US should also lead by example by committing to become EITI countries themselves. They should also emphasize the importance of EITI implementation in their bilateral relations with resource-rich countries” said Serena Lillywhite of Oxfam Australia.

“The decisions made by the EITI board following this deadline are crucial for real progress in the global movement for oil, gas, and mining industry transparency. Faithful implementation of the EITI, complemented by other disclosure requirements, such as the Energy Security through Transparency Act, will create a new global standard for transparency and help citizens hold their governments accountable for directing revenues to essential services like health and education,” said Offenheiser.

English
Main picture: 
A diamond miner in the Central African Republic. The EITI visited the Central African Republic in November 2009. Credit: EITI
Pull quotes: 
Faithful implementation of the EITI will create a new global standard for transparency and help citizens hold their governments accountable for directing revenues to essential services like health and education.
Quotee's organisation: 
President, Oxfam America
Notes to editors: 

Background on EITI:

The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI) supports improved governance in resource-rich countries through the verification and full publication of company payments and government revenues from oil, gas, and mining. It is governed by a multi-stakeholder board that includes participation by host governments, donor governments, companies, civil society groups, and investors.

Validation is an important step for EITI candidate countries to demonstrate progress and possibly achieve compliant status. Extension requests must have been received by the EITI Secretariat in Oslo by March 9 and must be endorsed by the in-country multi-stakeholder group in order to be considered by the Board. If such requests are not received by March 9, the country would be delisted.

Full rules for EITI are available at http://eiti.org/document/rules.

Background on Oxfam International:

Oxfam International is a confederation of 14 like-minded organizations working together and with partners and allies around the world to bring about lasting change. We work directly with communities and we seek to influence the powerful to ensure that poor people can improve their lives and livelihoods and have a say in decisions that affect them. Together with individuals and local groups in more than 120 countries, Oxfam saves lives, helps people overcome poverty, and fights for social justice.

Read more

Watch this short video exposing the secret that oil, gas and mining companies don’t want you to know: Follow the money

Read our latest report on business and poverty: Oxfam Poverty Footprint: Understanding Business Contribution to Development

Take action: The Robin Hood Tax: another easy way to help fight global poverty

Contact information: 
Space only: 
Summary picture: 
Many countries failing test of political will to implement oil and mining industry anti-corruption initiative
Quotee: 
Raymond C. Offenheiser

           Equatorial Guinea: Machinations in founding a national bank         
Gard, Robert C. (1974) Equatorial Guinea: Machinations in founding a national bank. Munger Africana Library Notes, 27. California Institute of Technology , Pasadena, CA. http://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechMALN:1974:006
          Techniques for probability estimates        
Submitted by Yvain • 58 votes • 58 comments

Utility maximization often requires determining a probability of a particular statement being true. But humans are not utility maximizers and often refuse to give precise numerical probabilities. Nevertheless, their actions reflect a "hidden" probability. For example, even someone who refused to give a precise probability for Barack Obama's re-election would probably jump at the chance to take a bet in which ey lost $5 if Obama wasn't re-elected but won $5 million if he was; such decisions demand that the decider covertly be working off of at least a vague probability.

When untrained people try to translate vague feelings like "It seems Obama will probably be re-elected" into a precise numerical probability, they commonly fall into certain traps and pitfalls that make their probability estimates inaccurate. Calling a probability estimate "inaccurate" causes philosophical problems, but these problems can be resolved by remembering that probability is "subjectively objective" - that although a mind "hosts" a probability estimate, that mind does not arbitrarily determine the estimate, but rather calculates it according to mathematical laws from available evidence. These calculations require too much computational power to use outside the simplest hypothetical examples, but they provide a standard by which to judge real probability estimates. They also suggest tests by which one can judge probabilities as well-calibrated or poorly-calibrated: for example, a person who constantly assigns 90% confidence to eir guesses but only guesses the right answer half the time is poorly calibrated. So calling a probability estimate "accurate" or "inaccurate" has a real philosophical grounding.

There exist several techniques that help people translate vague feelings of probability into more accurate numerical estimates. Most of them translate probabilities from forms without immediate consequences (which the brain supposedly processes for signaling purposes) to forms with immediate consequences (which the brain supposedly processes while focusing on those consequences).



Prepare for Revelation

What would you expect if you believed the answer to your question were about to be revealed to you?

In Belief in Belief, a man acts as if there is a dragon in his garage, but every time his neighbor comes up with an idea to test it, he has a reason why the test wouldn't work. If he imagined Omega (the superintelligence who is always right) offered to reveal the answer to him, he might realize he was expecting Omega to reveal the answer "No, there's no dragon". At the very least, he might realize he was worried that Omega would reveal this, and so re-think exactly how certain he was about the dragon issue.

This is a simple technique and has relatively few pitfalls.


Bet on it

At what odds would you be willing to bet on a proposition?

Suppose someone offers you a bet at even odds that Obama will be re-elected. Would you take it? What about two-to-one odds? Ten-to-one? In theory, the knowledge that money is at stake should make you consider the problem in "near mode" and maximize your chances of winning.

The problem with this method is that it only works when utility is linear with respect to money and you're not risk-averse. In the simplest case I should be indifferent to a $100,000 bet at 50% odds that a fair coin would come up tails, but in fact I would refuse it; winning $100,000 would be moderately good, but losing $100,000 would put me deeply in debt and completely screw up my life. When these sorts of consideration become paramount, imagining wagers will tend to give inaccurate results.


Convert to a Frequency

How many situations would it take before you expected an event to occur?

Suppose you need to give a probability that the sun will rise tomorrow. "999,999 in a million" doesn't immediately sound wrong; the sun seems likely to rise, and a million is a very high number. But if tomorrow is an average day, then your probability will be linked to the number of days it will take before you expect that the sun will fail to rise on at least one. A million days is three thousand years; the Earth has existed for far more than three thousand years without the sun failing to rise. Therefore, 999,999 in a million is too low a probability for this occurrence. If you think the sort of astronomical event that might prevent the sun from rising happens only once every three billion years, then you might consider a probability more like 999,999,999,999 in a trillion.

In addition to converting to a frequency across time, you can also convert to a frequency across places or people. What's the probability that you will be murdered tomorrow? The best guess would be to check the murder rate for your area. What's the probability there will be a major fire in your city this year? Check how many cities per year have major fires.

This method fails if your case is not typical: for example, if your city is on the losing side of a war against an enemy known to use fire-bombing, the probability of a fire there has nothing to do with the average probability across cities. And if you think the reason the sun might not rise is a supervillain building a high-tech sun-destroying machine, then consistent sunrises over the past three thousand years of low technology will provide little consolation.

A special case of the above failure is converting to frequency across time when considering an event that is known to take place at a certain distance from the present. For example, if today is April 10th, then the probability that we hold a Christmas celebration tomorrow is much lower than the 1/365 you get by checking on what percentage of days we celebrate Christmas. In the same way, although we know that the sun will fail to rise in a few billion years when it burns out its nuclear fuel, this shouldn't affect its chance of rising tomorrow.


Find a Reference Class

How often have similar statements been true?

What is the probability that the latest crisis in Korea escalates to a full-blown war? If there have been twenty crisis-level standoffs in the Korean peninsula in the past 60 years, and only one of them has resulted in a major war, then (war|crisis) = .05, so long as this crisis is equivalent to the twenty crises you're using as your reference class.

But finding the reference class is itself a hard problem. What is the probability Bigfoot exists? If one makes a reference class by saying that the yeti doesn't exist, the Loch Ness monster doesn't exist, and so on, then the Bigfoot partisan might accuse you of assuming the conclusion - after all, the likelihood of these creatures existing is probably similar to and correlated with Bigfoot. The partisan might suggest asking how many creatures previously believed not to exist later turned out to exist - a list which includes real animals like the orangutan and platypus - but then one will have to debate whether to include creatures like dragons, orcs, and Pokemon on the list.

This works best when the reference class is more obvious, as in the Korea example.


Make Multiple Statements

How many statements could you make of about the same uncertainty as a given statement without being wrong once?

Suppose you believe France is larger than Italy. With what confidence should you believe it? If you made ten similar statements (Germany is larger than Austria, Britain is larger than Ireland, Spain is larger than Portugal, et cetera) how many times do you think you would be wrong? A hundred similar statements? If you think you'd be wrong only one time out of a hundred, you can give the statement 99% confidence.

This is the most controversial probability assessment technique; it tends to give lower levels of confidence than the others; for example, Eliezer wants to say there's a less than one in a million chance the LHC would destroy the world, but doubts he could make a million similar statements and only be wrong once. Komponisto thinks this is a failure of imagination: we imagine ourselves gradually growing tired and making mistakes, whereas this method only works if the accuracy of the millionth statement is exactly the same as the first.

In any case, the technique is only as good as the ability to judge which statements are equally difficult to a given statement. If I start saying things like "Russia is larger than Vatican City! Canada is larger than a speck of dust!" then I may get all the statements right, but it won't mean much for my Italy-France example - and if I get bogged down in difficult questions like "Burundi is larger than Equatorial Guinea" then I might end up underconfident. In cases where there is an obvious comparison ("Bob didn't cheat on his test", "Sue didn't cheat on her test", "Alice didn't cheat on her test") this problem disappears somewhat.


Imagine Hypothetical Evidence

How would your probabilities adjust given new evidence?

Suppose one day all the religious people and all the atheists get tired of arguing and decide to settle the matter by experiment once and for all. The plan is to roll an n-sided numbered die and have the faithful of all religions pray for the die to land on "1". The experiment will be done once, with great pomp and ceremony, and never repeated, lest the losers try for a better result. All the resources of the world's skeptics and security forces will be deployed to prevent any tampering with the die, and we assume their success is guaranteed.

If the experimenters used a twenty-sided die, and the die comes up 1, would this convince you that God probably did it, or would you dismiss the result as a coincidence? What about a hundred-sided die? Million-sided? If a successful result on a hundred-sided die wouldn't convince you, your probability of God's existence must be less than one in a hundred; if a million-sided die would convince you, it must be more than one in a million.

This technique has also been denounced as inaccurate, on the grounds that our coincidence detectors are overactive and therefore in no state to be calibrating anything else. It would feel very hard to dismiss a successful result on a thousand-sided die, no matter how low the probability of God is. It might also be difficult to visualize a hypothetical where the experiment can't possibly be rigged, and it may be unfair to force subjects to imagine a hypothetical that would practically never happen (like the million-sided die landing on one in a world where God doesn't exist).



These techniques should be experimentally testable; any disagreement over which do or do not work (at least for a specific individual) can be resolved by going through a list of difficult questions, declaring confidence levels, and scoring the results with log odds. Steven's blog has some good sets of test questions (which I deliberately do not link here so as to not contaminate a possible pool of test subjects); if many people are interested in participating and there's a general consensus that an experiment would be useful, we can try to design one.

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          Why a Trial in Paris Marks a Milestone for Anticorruption Activists         
Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue at a table

The vice-president of Equatorial Guinea faces charges of investing funds in France misappropriated from the national treasury in a precedent-setting trial in France.


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          Goodbye 'Sweet Micky'? Martelly Serious About Leading Haiti        
PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti -- On the Sunday night before the announcement of Haiti's preliminary election results, tensions ran high. The candidates faced a troubled electoral system, an impatient population, the never-ending sense that what can go wrong, will.

At 9 p.m., hip-hop star Pras Michel took to Twitter:

RT @PrasMichel Machete + gasoline + matches = the will of people

Pras is an internationally known musician, the cousin and former Fugees band mate of Wyclef Jean, and he was one of the first to endorse Michel Martelly.


The Haiti-focused twittersphere, small though it is, erupted in condemnation, interpreting his message as a call to violence. Fans of Wyclef and Martelly immediately threw back retorts, calling him a "moron" and "immature."

Some tagged their responses with frustration, #merde; anger, #yousuck; and social consciousness, #noviolence.

In a stream of apologetic responses, Pras said his tweet was meant as "a preventative statement and not an aggressive motive." But the damage was done.


On Monday, results were announced and Martelly swept the polls, garnering 67 percent of the vote. No violence or tire burning erupted. At Martelly's house, friends and supporters gathered to celebrate the sweet reward for their hard work.

Who wasn't invited? Pras. The star was not allowed in.

He's More Like "The Body" Than "The Gipper"

It's fitting that Martelly's first presidential censure took place in the new margin of Haitian politics, where music, social media and celebrity overlap. Martelly rose to stardom as the wily carnival star "Sweet Micky" and, on many counts, his campaign succeeded by leveraging stardom in all the right ways.

Many compare his foray into politics to that of American movie star Ronald Reagan. But in context and competency, Martelly more closely resembles wrestler-turned-governor Jesse "The Body" Ventura.

Ventura served as governor of Minnesota from 1999 to 2003 and as a veteran, projected the right combination of get-tough, straight-talk politics to land the state's top job. Ventura ran under the Reform Party. At the time -- young voters especially -- were fed up with the better known but stodgy Republican Norm Coleman and legacy Democrat Hubert H. "Skip" Humphrey III.

Martelly attended military academy as a young man, though he was tossed out. The socially conscious lyrics of his songs combined with vicious trash-talk toward his musical "frenemies" left little doubt among Haitians that he's a force to be reckoned with.

After Ventura took office, Minnesotans often sported goofy T-shirts with pictures of the uber macho wrestling star and the slogan, "My governor can beat up your governor." Here, too, Martelly's meteoric popularity was attended with his unique brand of counter-culture, highlighted in his trademark pink.

Voters wore pink bracelets and T-shirts with his caricature. His slogan, the phrase "Tet kale!" means "bald head." It also means "No sweat!" and has a third, slang meaning with a sexual connotation.

In campaign speeches, Martelly promised if audience members didn't vote for him, he would come back to town on his float and curse them all. He made fun of his opponents and increasingly fine-tuned his plainspoken everyman shtick, which seemed both contrived and authentic in equal measure.

In November, Martelly told AOL News that "Sweet Micky" was just a public persona; "That was the business. Sweet Micky was the store." But voters seemed hopeful that's not true.

Haitian Voters Want Change

"Our vote was a response to the current regime," one voter said. "We need a new era. We need change."

Patricia, 47, who sells chicken, said, "I want security. I want to walk in the street. I never voted before in my life but I voted for Martelly. To see change."

He was labeled a cowboy, bad boy, outsider, maverick, vagabond and rebel. For many, especially older women and conservative Christian voters, it was all a bit much. They were wooed away by Martelly's opponent, Mirlande Manigat.

Martelly never quite swayed all of the educated class, who were unimpressed by his lack of technical knowledge. Others were offended that he failed to try harder to woo them. During his campaign, he went for the masses and seemed to encourage the over-charged cult of personality. But even among the nervous, he won votes.

"I don't know, I just thought, [screw] it," a voter said. "It's like Manigat needed a reason to get people to vote for her. Her reason was, 'I'm smart.' And that wasn't enough."

Martelly was the high-risk vote, but his audacity made him the best chance at a high reward.

Much has been made of Martelly's past, not just in music, but especially in his past friendship with Michel Francois, a former police chief who helped orchestrate a coup against former President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Martelly's politics are known as "center right" here, and the vote against the status quo seemed to signal a departure.

Like all well-known crossovers -- Reagan, Ventura, Arnold Schwarzenegger -- Martelly is less of an "outsider" than his antics imply. Ventura himself was a mayor in Minnesota before he ran. Martelly first floated the idea of becoming president 20 years ago.

When asked this week at a press conference how he would deal with former presidents Jean-Claude Duvalier and Aristide, who are now back in Haiti, he responded, "I am president of all the Haitians."

It harkened back to his decades-old statements about Francois and entertaining controversial figures at his nightclub. In 1997, he told the Miami Herald, "I am a musician. I play for people who pay to get in."

He Was Political as a Performer

It's likely Martelly was successful in music because he is actually a politician, rather than a musician who stumbled into politics. At the very least, his stardom was a practice in power.

"Since I was a kid, even if I was the youngest one in the crowd, I would be the entertainer," he told AOL News. "I would be the one calling the shots. I would be the one everybody would focus on."

Music in Haiti, even more so than other forms of art around the world, is a deeply unifying cultural force. His stardom gave him rare agency in a culture with intricate class boundaries.

"I have a better Ph.D. than people who went to school. I have studied the complexity of this society for 22 years," he said.

Speaking about his past, he said, "The rich come here, I play at their wedding. I get inside their house. I do as I please. I get inside their business. I open their safe. I take as much money as I want -- I'm serious. I close the safe, I go to the poor and I give that money. And there was no limit for me in this country."

His campaign was heavily financed by Laurent Lamothe, a Miami-based business associate in international telecommunications.

Martelly has had "proximity" -- as he called it -- to the "rich," but that term is relative here. Haiti once had booming tourism and apparel industries, but has been in steady decline for decades.

"They should call us the broke-ass elite," one business owner said.

Haiti has one of the highest disparities between the haves and the have-nots, but it also has a lower gross domestic product than most countries; lower than Tajikistan, Yemen, or Equatorial Guinea.

Despite U.S. legislation that allowed duty-free apparel exports since 2006, 20 percent of the country's GDP is remittances from abroad, more than twice the earnings of all exports.

"A lot of people have been in power and don't do anything," said Jean Cenor, a cobbler. "We need someone new to take this power and help us."

Celebrity Alone Won't Be Enough

Ventura eventually drew ire for cashing in on a book deal while in office, but such offers aren't likely to appear for Martelly in Haiti, where the cache of celebrity is more limited.

During the campaign, he leveraged his local renown by bringing in bigger fish: Wyclef to harness the Haitian vote, and Sean Penn to lend legitimacy in the international aid community.

Development professionals and donors who visited Martelly over the past months often left charmed and star-struck. Both Penn and Wyclef were spotted at the post-election party at Martelly's house.

Some inside his circle were pleased that Pras was not there.

"I was happy because a lot of people think Michel will allow his friends to do whatever they want during his term," one party-goer said. "His decision to keep Pras away because of his tweet proves to me that will not be the case."

But for most of Haiti, and the world, for those who weren't invited to the party, the "gasoline + matches" incident was of little note. Who is Pras? And what is Twitter? Martelly will eventually face much bigger battles.

"People will try to hold you down," said Olita Reneleus, 26, a shopkeeper and voter with a word of advice. "There is evil around. You've got to fight a lot. Face a lot of bad stuff. You have to keep your head clear, straight. Come to us. Come back to the people when you need our help."

For his first post-election press conference, Martelly abandoned his old décor in favor of the more stately red and blue. But close observers noted his pale pink shirt. On Twitter at least, he plans to stay @PresidentMicky.

This story was originally published on AOL News by Emily Troutman, human interest writer and photographer.

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          USC Center on Public Diplomacy - PD News Weekly        
PD News Logo

Aug 4, 2017 via email

CPD BLOG
To be an effective public diplomat, you need a well of sufficient soft power resources on which to draw. There is no canonical definition of public diplomacy (PD), but the official practice of it involves using informational, educational, and cultural tools to engage with international audiences to advance foreign policy goals. For the United States, PD officials often design strategies and employ tools that leverage what makes America popular and attractive. Read More...
BBC
Tens of thousands of Iraqis, Syrians and Afghans passed through here, heading for the Hungarian or Croatian border, hoping to get to Germany or Austria. [...] The vast majority left were young men and boys from Afghanistan and Pakistan. And the game of choice to pass the time in the refugee camps was cricket. Read More...
THE PRESS-ENTERPRISE
Inland Empire musician and UC Riverside alumnus Eddie Valencia recently got the chance to utilize his talent as a percussionist — in Russia. He took part in OneBeat, a global music-based diplomacy program. Valencia first participated in the domestic version of the program in 2015, but returned this year to step out of his musical comfort zone and explore the sounds and styles of Russia. Read More...
SANTA FE NEW MEXICAN
George Balanchine’s Jewels has its 50th anniversary this year, an event that was commemorated at New York City’s Lincoln Center last month with performances by dancers from the Paris Opera Ballet, New York City Ballet, and the Bolshoi Ballet. The performances were notable not just for the coming together of three of the world’s great dance companies, but because their international representation mirrored the work itself. Read More...
CANINDIA
The cultural ties and bilateral trade growth between Canada and India is growing stronger by the day and it is important to realize the role art and culture plays in expanding the socio-economic balance of a country. [...] An international project celebrating 150 years of Canada and 70 years of India’s Independence marked on August 15th, 2017 is being planned by way of a unique exhibit which will travel to India and back home to Canada – collecting culture stories through the creative process and travels. Read More...
DAILY SABAH
"The announcement of Neymar's transfer to PSG was piloted among the high ranks in Qatar as a sort of communications strategy that would overshadow the debate around all other considerations, namely terrorism," said Mathieu Guidere, an expert in the geopolitics of the Arab world. Read More...
CHATHAM HOUSE
The UK actively promotes gender equality both at home and abroad but it falls short of defining itself by a feminist agenda. At a time when it is not clear what does define UK foreign policy, other than the looming exit from the EU, promoting a feminist foreign policy could be an opportunity for the UK to provide leadership and to promote its human-rights based values abroad at a time when both are being challenged on the world stage. Read More...

Aug 3, 2017

CPD BLOG
The image of the Russian diplomats and its reflection on social media allows us to see the wide critique towards the diplomats from the general public. It is an interesting issue to discuss: why do the Russians actually care about the image of their diplomats? The perceptions about diplomatic culture and stereotypes about diplomacy in general have deep roots. Read More...
TECH CRUNCH
Facebook will become the suggester of perspective to avoid being the “arbiter of truth”. It’s rolling out “Related Articles” that appear below news links to stories lots of people are posting about on Facebook, or that are suspected to be false news and have been externally fact checked by Facebook’s partners. [...] Pre-click Related Articles are rolling out in the US, Germany, France, and Netherlands today. Read More...
THE GUARDIAN
Odessa may not exactly leap to mind as a hotbed for book lovers – it is perhaps better known globally for its "mail-order bride" industry. And although it lacks the literary pedigree of St Petersburg, Edinburgh, Paris or Tangier, it has a storied past as a stopping point for Europe-trotting writers and intellectuals. Read More...
BBC
Montreal is temporarily opening its Olympic Stadium as a shelter to host a sudden increase in asylum seekers arriving from the US. [...] Many of them have been denied asylum in the US and are hoping for a second chance on the other side of the border. Read More...
YONHAP NEWS
The semi-governmental forum will run from Aug. 16-17, led by South Korea's public diplomacy envoy Park Enna and former Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing. The countries' leaders agreed to institute the conference during a summit in 2013 as part of efforts to promote mutual understanding between the neighbors' populations. Read More...
WORLD BULLETIN
Turkey asked Qatar, which has been under a blockade by Arab countries since June, to join hands for sustainable food production, the Turkish economy minister said Thursday. Nihat Zeybekci, proposed that Turkey, instead of sending finished goods to Qatar, could send raw materials, which Qatar could process at its own plants. Read More...
JAKARTA GLOBE
Indonesia and New Zealand agreed on Wednesday to improve coordination in combating terrorism through information exchange and preventive measures. [...] BNPT chief Comr. Gen. Suhardi Alius and New Zealand's assistant commissioner for international and national security, Michael Pannet, also discussed deradicalization programs, with both countries agreeing to exercise a soft-power approach as a means of prevention, particularly toward families and communities with a history of radicalism to alter their orientation and offer counternarratives. Read More...

Aug 2, 2017

TEHRAN TIMES
The Hafez Association in the Armenian capital of Yerevan organized a meeting of its learners of the Persian language on Tuesday. [...] “One of Iran’s main concern is to stimulate the development of the Persian language in Armenia,” Iranian Ambassador Seyyed Kazem Sajjadi said at the meeting. Read More...
AFRICAN BUSINESS REVIEW
Madagascar airports are all set for upgrade and expansion with the help of the Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF). [...] “Any international airports are the symbol of the connection to the world,” said Hery Rajaonarimampianina, President of the Malagasy Republic when he visited the project site. “The work would reflect the modern and dynamic and friendly image of Madagascar,” he added. Read More...
NEWSHUB
Aid provided by the New Zealand Government for humanitarian crises in Africa and Yemen will increase by $4.85 million. The boost, to help combat drought, disease and people suffering from conflict, was announced by Foreign Minister Gerry Brownlee on WednesdayRead More...
GLOBAL ATLANTA
Switzerland has always retained the fiercely held diplomatic neutrality which makes it a go-between for nations in conflict and a hub for the multilateral organizations that have flocked to Geneva. [...] As a small country aiming to make its splash in the U.S., Switzerland’s public diplomacy efforts focused on less contentious issues: showcasing its status as an important investor in the U.S. and promoting apprenticeships as a cure for the American skills gap. Read More...
THE WASHINGTON DIPLOMAT
Youth in Des Moines, Iowa have more in common with students in Tunisia than they thought. In particular, a passion for social justice. While participating in Youth for Understanding’s (YFU) Virtual Exchange Initiative, a program that digitally connects students in different countries for moderated, in-depth discussion, a group of students in Iowa brought up the Black Lives Matter movement. Read More...
VOXY
Skateboarder and University of Waikato PhD student Neftalie Williams is in Cambodia this week at the invitation of the United States Embassy. As a US sports envoy, he will be leading a US Department of State Target of Opportunity Sports Diplomacy program, tasked with helping to increase mutual understanding between the people of Cambodia and the USA. Read More...

Aug 1, 2017

CPD BLOG
The Soft Power 30 Report suggests that national leaders influence their nations' brands. Nation branding scholars have also examined this relationship, noting that the two brands can begin to merge as the qualities of a leader become associated with that of the nation. At its extreme, the leader’s brand can eclipse the national brand causing a “halo effect”. Read More...
THE TELEGRAPH
Saudi Arabia has announced plans to create a tourism hotspot nearly twice the size of Wales on its unspoilt Red Sea coastline, in a bid to help double the number of visitors to the Middle Eastern country. The Kingdom has also indicated that it is prepared to relax its strict laws, such as bans on drinking alcohol, to entice more western holidaymakers. Read More...
ST. MARY'S UNIVERSITY
St Mary’s University, Twickenham, has entered into a formal partnership with EMD École de Management in Marseille. [...] As part of the new agreement, the two institutions are set to collaborate on the delivery of a new Master of Science (MSc) programme in International Business Management. This part-franchise programme will be awarded by St Mary’s and delivered and assessed collaboratively by St Mary’s and EMD, Marseille. Read More...
THE GUARDIAN
More than five centuries after King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella expelled Spain’s Jewish population, the still-spoken language of the exiles is to be formally honored by the country’s leading linguistic authority. The Spanish Royal Academy (RAE) has announced plans to create a Judeo-Spanish branch in Israel that will sit alongside the 23 existing academies dedicated to the Spanish languages across Latin America and in countries such as Equatorial Guinea and the Philippines. Read More...
VARIETY
Stevie Wonder, Green Day, The Lumineers, The Killers, and The Chainsmokers are set to headline the Sept. 23 Global Citizen Festival, the annual concert in Central Park that blends music and social activism. [...] As in the past, 60,000 tickets are expected to be given out for the festival, essentially as rewards to participants in Global Citizen’s initiatives to end extreme poverty worldwide and tackle other social ills. Read More...
NEWS 24
The renowned Premier Skills initiative run by the Premier League and the British council returns to Cape Town this week as part of their three-year Premier Skills programme. The programme, which started last Saturday and will conclude this Saturday, is taking place at the Ikamva home of Ajax Cape Town with intensive training for 60 grassroots coaches and 24 referees from all over the province. Read More...
EKATHIMERINI
Turkey uses Hagia Sophia as a tool of cultural diplomacy to exert both soft and hard power. The monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has been a museum since 1935. [...] At this stage, the Turkish government is expected to use Hagia Sophia as a negotiating tool in its diplomatic struggle over Kurdistan and other geopolitical issues. Read More...
THE EXPRESS TRIBUNE
A 32-member cultural troupe led by Pakistan National Council of the Arts (PNCA) Director General Jamal Shah returned from a tour of China on Monday. The troupe comprised folk singers, dancers and musicians specializing in traditional music and instrumentalists from all parts of the country. The troupe performed at four different places in the Xinjiang region of China. Read More...

Jul 31, 2017

STUDY INTERNATIONAL
According to The Economic Times the visit by Jennifer McCormick – who is the state’s Superintendent of Public Instruction – will have a long-term impact in fostering people-to-people relationship between the US and India. [...] The Memorandum of Understanding will allow both schools to collaborate on research, faculty and student exchange as well as programmes to allow students to spend a semester abroad. Read More...
MENA FN
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Trong một cuộc di dân vĩ đại nhất trong lịch sử nhân loại, Tàu đang biến cải toàn thể Phi Châu thành một thuộc địa mới. Tương tự như tây Phương đã làm trong thế kỷ 18 và 19—nhưng quyết liệt và với tầm cỡ lớn hơn nhiều—các lãnh đạo Tàu muốn Phi Châu là “chư hầu” ở xa, để vừa giải quyết vấn nạn dân số quá đông, và vừa lấy được tài nguyên.
Daily Mail Online.

Trong khi các hãng xưởng của Mỹ tiếp tục đóng bụi, trong khi các chính khách Mỹ và các nhà lãnh đạo quân sự chỉ chăm chú vào Trung Đông, và trong khi các chính trị gia ở Washington mê ngủ, Tàu cứ tiến tới. Một triệu quân Tàu di chuyển không ngừng ngang dọc Phi Châu và Nam Mỹ để chiếm các nguyên liệu chiến lược, và chiếm các thị trường mới nổi, không cho Mỹ, Âu Châu, Nhật, và các xứ khác vào. Đây là một cái đinh nữa đóng vào nắp quan tài của ngành sản xuất của Mỹ và của thế giới. Thế giới cần phải coi chừng cái đế quốc đang vươn lên này.
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Con Rồng Đế Quốc Tàu là đứa con hoang của Con Rồng Sản Xuất vô độ—tiêu thụ nửa số lượng xi măng và gần nửa số thép của thế giới, một phần ba đồng của Tàu, một phần tư aluminum, và những số lượng vĩ đại các thứ khác như antimony, chromium, cobalt, lithium, zinc, và gỗ. Chính những tài nguyên này và các thứ khác từ nhiều nơi trên thế giới góp phần cho sự tăng trưởng kinh tế và mức sống của mọi quốc gia.
Bauxite và sắt từ những nước như Guinea và Tanzania được dùng để chế biến thành aluminum và thép mà chúng ta cần để sản xuất máy bay ở Seattle , Wahington và để đóng tàu ở Bath , Maine . Đồng từ Chile để làm dây điện, cobalt từ Congo dùng trong các xưởng cơ khí ở Michigan , và niobium từ Brazil dùng trong nhiều thứ từ máy hỏa tiễn cho quốc phòng đến lò điện nguyên tử dân sự.

Lithium từ Bolivia và Nambia dùng trong bình điện xe hơi lai (hybrid), manganese từ Gabon dùng để sản xuất bình nước uống bằng nhựa, và titanium từ những nơi như Mozambique , Madagascar , và Paraguay để sản xuất thép tốt dùng trong việc chế tạo máy bay tuyệt vời Boeing 787 Dreamliner hoặc đầu gối và hông nhân tạo của Johnson & Johnson.

Nhưng Tàu muốn tất cả những tài nguyên thiên nhiên ở tất cả các nước này là của Tàu, dành riêng cho ngành sản xuất của Tàu và để tạo việc làm trong nước Tàu. Nếu chúng ta thụ động đứng nhìn để Tàu tự tung tự tác, thì chúng nên tự đào hố chôn nền kinh tế của chúng ta bằng cái xẻng mạ vàng làm ở Thượng Hải. Nhưng nếu muốn trực diện đế quốc đang lên này để bảo vệ nền kinh tế và an ninh quốc gia, chúng ta cần hiểu rõ trò “nhử mồi” của Bắc Kinh.

Trò Nhử Mồi của Đế Quốc Rồng

Dân của lục địa đẹp mê hồn này cần sự tiến bộ. Nhưng Tàu đến đây không phải để giúp, mà là để cướp. -Daily Mail Online
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Kế hoạch nhử mồi của Tàu luôn luôn bắt đầu bằng cùng một cách: Chủ tịch nước, hoặc thủ tướng, hoặc bộ trưởng thương mại đến thủ đô của một xứ xa xôi như Djibouti hay Niger hay Somalia , mà nhiều người Mỹ chẳng biết mấy chỗ này ở đâu trên bản đồ thế giới. Ông ta giơ cao vẫy vẫy một tấm chi phiếu to và hứa hẹn cho vay rộng rãi với lãi suất thấp để xây dựng hạ tầng cơ sở như đường xá, cầu cống, hải cảng, xa lộ; hoặc phí phạm như dinh tổng thống tráng lệ, hoặc AK47 để các lãnh tụ độc tài chà đạp người dân.
Đổi lại, thuộc địa mới chỉ cần chấp nhận hai điều kiện:
Đầu tiên, muốn nhận tiền thì phải giao nộp các tài nguyên thiên nhiên—như vậy Tàu có thể chiếm trọn cho riêng mình tài nguyên thiên nhiên của thuộc địa.
Thứ nhì, phải mở cửa cho hàng đã thành phẩm từ các xưởng sản xuất của Tàu tràn vào thị trường thuộc địa—như vậy Tàu chiếm luôn thị trường mới nổi này.

image

Phương pháp để có tài nguyên của Tàu khác rất xa phương pháp của hầu hết các quốc gia khác trên thế giới, trong đó mọi người dựa vào thị trường toàn cầu để điều phối năng lượng và nguyên vật liêu qua hệ thống giá cả. Phương pháp phân phối tài nguyên bằng thị trường tự do là cốt lõi của nền kinh tế thế giới để mọi người cùng có lợi. Nhưng thay vì hợp tác kiểu tư bản, đế quốc tư bản Bắc Kinh lại chỉ muốn làm đế quốc.

Cái kiểu nhử mồi của con Rồng đang được áp dụng ở Phi Châu, Nam Mỹ, và phần lớn Trung Á, là định nghĩa chính xác cho chủ nghĩa đế quốc: Cướp tài nguyên thiên nhiên của thuộc địa mà những tài nguyên này là tài sản duy nhất của thuộc địa. Mang những tài nguyên này về Tàu thay vì sử dụng tại chỗ để giúp phát triển thuộc địa. Rồi sau đó chuyển ngược những tài nguyên này lại thuộc địa dưới dạng hàng đã thành phẩm.

Phương pháp này tạo việc làm nơi đế quốc, giúp các công ty đế quốc kiếm tiền, và dĩ nhiên khiến số người thất nghiệp ở thuộc địa càng nhiềuthêm. Phần thuộc địa được hưởng là những việc khai thác nguy hiểm lương thấp, trong khi các việc sản xuất được đưa về Quảng Châu hay Thành Đô ( Chengdu ) hay Thượng Hải. Tốt Tàu hưởng, xấu thuộc địa chịu.

Ngoại Giao Bằng Tiền Kiểu Tàu

Khi quan sát thực tế tại chỗ, chúng tôi tưởng như Tàu đã chiếm Phi Châu.—Ngoại Trưởng Musa Kusa của Libya.
Thực ra trò nhử mồi của Tàu đang xảy ra khắp nơi trên địa cầu.

Angola đã trả nợ cho Tàu số lượng dầu trị giá 10 tỉ đô la và vẫn còn tiếp tục.
Cộng Hòa Dân Chủ Congo đến nay đã trả cho Tàu số lượng tài nguyên tương đương nhiều tỉ đô la.
Ghana đang trả bằng hạt ca cao,
Nigeria trả bằng khí đốt
Sudan lấy vũ khí và trả Tàu bằng dầu. Không một nước nào có lợi trong cuộc trao đổi với Tàu.
Trong khi đó ở Peru , Tàu đang làm chủ cả một ngọn núi đồng; và để mua núi Toromacho của Peru.
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Tàu đã học từ một câu nói nổi tiếng của W. C.Field, “Không bao giờ cho kẻ khờ một cơ hội.” Thực tế là Tàu đã mua được kho đồng quý giá này chỉ với 3 tỉ đô la, kể cả tiền hối lộ, và giờ đang lời tới mức 2,000 %. Trong khi đó các vấn nạn đói khát, mù chữ, nghèo khó, tai nạn lao động, và môi trường ô nhiễm thì dân Peru lãnh đủ.

Trường hợp Peru đã tệ, việc Bắc Kinh trao đổi với lãnh tụ giết người Robert Mugabecủa xứ Zimbabwe còn tệ hơn.
Bạo chúa già nua run rẩy này đang cai trị một trong các xứ nhiều tài nguyên thiên nhất và cũng có ít việc làm nhất của thế giới, đã bán số lượng dự trữ platinum của Zimbabwe trị giá 40 tỉ đô la cho Tàu với giá chỉ 5 tỉ, rồi hắn dùng tiền này để xây lâu đài mới, sắm trực thăng vũ trang, hiến đâu cơ phản lực, và súng ống để đè đầu cưỡi cổ dân Zimbabwe .

Chỉ có Tàu mới có khả năng làm vụ kỳ thị và đàn áp người da đen (Apartheid) trước kia trở nên chuyện nhỏ khi so sánh với tình trạng hiện nay.

“Rồi sao?” Có thể bạn hỏi vậy. Tàu cÅ©ng phải được hưởng tài nguyên nhÆ° Mỹ hay Âu Châu hay Nhật chứ! Và tại sao người Mỹ cần phải để ý khi Tàu bóc lột mấy xứ Phi Châu tham nhÅ©ng thối nát, hoặc mấy xứ nghèo mạt ở Nam Mỹ? Nếu lãnh đạo của mấy cái xứ tồi tệ này ngu quá hay tham quá để Tàu lừa gạt, thì kệ họ chứ! 
Làm sao mà chuyện này ảnh hưởng được đến mấy người làm cho các hãng cơ khí sản xuất đồ bằng graphite ở Bensenville, Illinois, kính màu cho nhà thờ ở Kokomo, Indiana , hoặc bàn ghế gỗ ở Asheboro , North Carolina ? Và làm sao trò nhử tiền của Tàu lại ảnh hưởng được đến hy vọng tìm việc của những người trẻ tốt nghiệp đại học UC Berkeley với bằng hóa học, hoặc tốt nghiệp Georgia Tech với bằng kỹ sư?… Rồi, ít ra sau đây là một câu trả lời.

Bằng cách thiết lập các thuộc địa ở Phi Châu, Á Châu, và sân sau của Hoa Kỳ là Nam Mỹ, Tàu càng ngày thâu tóm càng nhiều tài nguyên của thế giới. Kế hoạch này cho Tàu ở vị thế độc quyền về tài nguyên với giá thấp nhất—và như vậy Tàu có lợi thế cạnh tranh với Mỹ và với cả thế giới.

Thực ra kế hoạch thâu tóm tài nguyên thế giới của Tàu cũng tương đương với việc cấm vận tài nguyên đối với các quốc gia khác trên thế giới.
Vì khi Tàu kiểm soát bauxite ở Brazil , Equatorial Guinea , và Malawi ; đồng ở Congo , Kazakhstan , và Nambia; sắt ở Liberia và Somalia ; manganese ở Burkina Fasco, Cam Bốt, và Gabon ; chì ở Cuba và Tanzania ; zinc ở Algeria , Kennya , Nigeria , và Zambia , thì đâu còn gì cho các xưởng ở Cincinnati và Memphis và Pittsburgh —và Munich và Yokohama và Seoul .

Chuyện Tàu “cấm vận” khiến xe hơi tương lai sẽ được sản xuất ở Lan Châu ( Lanzhou ) và Vu Hồ ( Wuhu ) thay vì ở Detroit và Huntsville ; máy bay tương lai sẽ được sản xuất ở Binzhou và Thẩm Dương ( Shenyang ) thay vì ở Seattle và Wichita ; chíp máy vi tính tương lai sẽ được làm tại Đại Liên ( Dalian ) và Thiên Tân (Tianjin) thay vì tại Silicon Valley; và thép của thế kỷ 21 sẽ được sản xuất ngày càng nhiều hơn ở Đường Sơn (Tangshan) và Vũ Hán (Wuhan) thay vì ở Birmingham, Alabama, và Granite City, Illinois .

Đây chắc chắn không phải là cách thị trường tự do và sự hợp tác thương mại quốc tế hoạt động. Và tất cả chúng ta đáng lẽ phải nổi nóng với chuyện đang xảy ra này. Nhưng trong các phòng họp chính trị ở Berlin, Tokyo, và Washington, thái độ của các chính khách có vẻ ngày càng giống như Rhett Butler trong phim Cuốn Theo Chiều Gió: “Anh nói thiệ tcưng nghe, anh chẳng thèm để ý.”

Dân Con Rồng Tràn Ngập Đại Lục Đen

Không cần biết Tàu nói gì, thực tế rõ ràng là không phải chỉ có kỹ sư và khoa học gia Tàu đến Phi Châu. Nông dân cũng đến luôn. Đúng là thực dân kiểu mới. Hoàn toàn không có đạo đức, không có giá trị gì cả.—Mustafa al-Gindi, Thành viên Nghị Viện Ai Cập

Trong khi Tàu phát triển và các nước sản xuất khác có nguy cơ xuống dốc, các thuộc địa mới của Tàu như Angola và Zimbabwe vẫn trong tình trạng đói nghèo, và thường bị nội chiến. Mặc dù các thuộc địa này có nhiều tài nguyên thiên nhiên, sự đói nghèo và xung đột ở Phi Châu là kết quả trực tiếp do sự tráo trở của Tàu. Lúc đầu Tàu hứa hẹn cho vay tiền để xây dựng hạ tầng cơ sở, tạo công ăn việc làm cho nhiều người dân địa phương. Nhưng khi khởi công thì Tàu lại xuất cảng đội quân cả triệu công nhân qua để làm. Thay vì thuê kiến trúc sư, kỹ sư, công nhân, xe tải, tại địa phương, Tàu đưa dân Tàu qua tối đa, chỉ thuê dân địa phương ở mức tối thiểu.

Tác giả của quyển sách Safari Của Tàu (China Safari) mô tả tình trạng ở Sudan như sau:
Người Tàu khoan dầu và bÆ¡m dầu vào ống dẫn của Tàu đưa lên tàu của Tàu để chở về Tàu dưới sá»± bảo vệ của nhân viên Tàu. Công nhân Tàu làm đường làm cầu và xây đập nước khổng lồ khiến nhiều chục ngàn dân địa phÆ°Æ¡ng và nhiều ngàn điền chủ phải di tản. Nông dân Tàu tá»± sản xuất thá»±c phẩm cung cấp cho đội quân lao động Tàu, hoặc nhập cảng các thá»±c phẩm khác từ Tàu. Tàu cÅ©ng trang bị vÅ© khí cho các lãnh tụ tồi tệ địa phÆ°Æ¡ng để phạm tội ác với con người, và bảo vệ cái chế độ đó trong Hội Đồng Bảo 
An Liên Hiệp Quốc.

Và đây là âm mưu của Tàu mà ít ai để ý. Ngoài mục đích thâu tóm tài nguyên và chiếm lĩnh thị trường mới, Bắc Kinh còn có kế hoạch xuất cảng nhiều triệu dân Tàu qua các xứ thuộc địa ở Phi Châu và Nam Mỹ để giảm sức ép do dân số quá đông ở Tàu. Trong quyển China Safari, một khoa học gia Tàu đã giải thích kế hoạch đổ bộ dân Tàu như sau:

Chúng tôi có 600 con sông ở Tàu mà hết 400 sông kể như chết vì ô nhiễm trầm trọng… Chúng tôi phải dời ít nhất 300 triệu dân qua Phi Châu thì may ra mới giải quyết được tình trạng.

Và đây là một thí dụ nhỏ về việc Tàu chơi ép để xuất cảng dân qua Đại Lục Đen: Khi Nambia không thể trả nợ, mấy tay cho vay cắt cổ ở Bắc Kinh ép Nambia phải nhận nhiều ngàn gia đình Tàu qua định cư. Bí mật này được tiết lộ bởi WikiLeaks; và không cần nói cũng biết là khi tin này xì ra, dân Nambia vô cùng phẫn nộ.

Có thể bạn cũng nổi điên nếu Tàu cũng ép Mỹ phải nhận di dân như vậy. Thử nghĩ xem, nếu vài tỉ đô la có thể khiến Tàu đưa được vài ngàn gia đình qua định cư ở Nambia, thì nước Mỹ phải nhận bao nhiêu trăm ngàn dân Tàu để trừ số nợ hai ngàn tỉ? Các tiểu bang như Montana và Wyoming còn rộng lắm mà phải không?

Sau đây là sự mô tả của nhà báo có tiếng Andrew Malone về kế hoạch biến Phi Châu thành của Tàu:
Một cách âm thầm, bẩy trăm năm chục ngàn dân Tàu đã định cư ở Phi Châu trong một thập niên qua. Và vẫn còn tiếp tục. Kế hoạch này đã được các giới chức Tàu tính toán cẩn thận. Một chuyên gia ước tính là Tàu cần phải đưa ba trăm triệu dân qua Phi Châu để giải quyết nạn nhân mãn và ô nhiễm.
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Kế hoạch có vẻ như đang tiến hành tốt đẹp. Cờ Tàu đang bay khắp nơi ở Phi Châu. Những hợp đồng béo bở đang được ký kết để mua các thương phẩm như dầu, platinum, vàng, và khoáng chất. Các tòa đại sứ mới đang được xây và các đường bay đang được thành lập. Thành phần thượng lưu Tàu ở Phi Châu hiện diện khắp nơi, đi mua sắm ở những cửa hàng đắt tiền, lái xe Mercedes và BMW, cho con học trường tư riêng biệt…

Ở khắp nơi trên đại lục đẹp đẽ này, dân Tàu đang tràn vào như cơn nước lũ… Các khu đô thị biệt lập có hàng rào bao bọc đang mọc lên khắp nơi. Người da đen không được bén mảng. Ngay cả những quần áo đặc thù Phi Châu bày ở tiệm cũng được nhập cảng từ Tàu, mang nhãn “Made in China .”

Từ lời nhận xét gay gắt trên của Malone, bạn có thể thấy được phần nào rằng Tàu không chỉ xuất cảng công nhân xây dựng qua Phi Châu, Á Châu, và Nam Mỹ, mà Tàu còn đưa qua nông dân, thương nhân, và cả gái điếm!

Để dễ cảm nhận được sự xâm chiếm đất đai của Tàu, ta hãy giả sử rằng chính phủ Mỹ tịch thu vài triệu mẫu đất canh tác tốt ở Iowa và Nebraska đem cho Tàu, đuổi nông dân ở đó đi chỗ khác chơi, rồi phân chia vùng cho Tàu ở riêng, ăn uống riêng. Bạn thử nghĩ xem dân Mỹ sẽ phẫn nộ lên tới mức nào? Đó chính là điều đang xảy ra ở Phi Châu, nơi đã có hơn một triệu nông dân Tàu. Đúng vậy, hơn một triệu nông dân Tàu đang cày đất Phi Châu sản xuất thực phẩm để xuất cảng ngược về Tàu nuôi dân Tàu—ngay trong khi dân địa phương đang đói nghèo.

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Đây là một sự thực cay đắng trong việc chiếm đất Phi Châu của Tàu: Theo tuần báo The Economist, Tàu đã chiếm hơn 7 triệu mẫu dầu cọ (palm oil) tốt của Congo để làm xăng hữu cơ.

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Ở Zambia các nông trại Tàu đã sản xuất một phần tư số trứng được tiêu thụ ở thủ đô Lusaka . Ở Zimbabwe , theo báo Weekly Standard thì chế độ của Mugabe đã cho không Tàu những trang trại trước kia của người da trắng. Trong khi đó Con Ngựa Thành Troy mang cái tên mai mỉa “Nông Trại Hữu Nghị” đang được xử dụng ở các xứ như Gabon , Ghana , Guinea , Mali , Mauritania , và Tanzania để chiếm những khu nhỏ hơn hầu tránh bị để ý.

Chiếm Thị Trường Phi Châu và Châu Mỹ La Tinh

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          World Views: June 30, 2017        
Suzette Grillot and Rebecca Cruise discuss the French trial of Equatorial Guinea's vice president, and India Prime Minister Narendra Modi's visit to the White House. Then, Suzette talks with SOIL director of strategy Nick Preneta about his organization's work in Haiti to turn human waste into fertilizer.
          The United States of Exxon? Tillerson and Trump        

Stand Up Against This Very Real Threat.

It seems harder and harder to come up with the appropriate language, but Donald Trump’s nomination of Exxon Mobil CEO Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State truly strains belief. This nomination is dangerous and unacceptable. We will not tolerate naked corporate greed in our government — and neither should you.

As the CEO of ExxonMobil, Rex Tillerson presided over a company that has cozied up to brutal dictators, abetted human rights abuses across the globe, and perpetuated a decades-long misinformation campaign to hide the effects of fossil fuels on the climate. ExxonMobil funded climate change denialists, and has aggressively pushed to open up some of the world’s last pristine places to oil and gas extraction.

ExxonMobil has also aggressively worked to undermine transparency and reporting laws for the fossil fuel industry, while simultaneously profiting from shady deals with rogue regimes around the world.

As the United States chief diplomat, the Secretary of State will be responsible for negotiating the United States’ agreements with other countries. The world’s best hope to negotiating a treaty keeping global warming under catastrophic levels absolutely cannot sit in the hands of the CEO of the biggest oil and gas company in the world.

Under Tillerson, Exxon’s corporate greed has gone hand in hand with human rights and labor rights abuses for decades. Tillerson is known to have negotiated deals worth billions of dollars with Russia, a country with an abysmal human rights record. The Human Rights Campaign recently labeled current president Vladimir Putin as a “brutal dictator.”

Also, investigations by Global Witness revealed that the company “has engaged in questionable transactions with governments of oil-rich countries, including Nigeria, Kazakhstan, Angola and Chad. Such deals have contributed to entrenching poverty, fuelling instability and violating human rights in some of the world’s most volatile regions.”

Exxon Mobil also actively worked with the government of Equatorial Guinea, which, according The New York Times, “arbitrarily detains and tortures critics, disregards elections, and has faced international prosecution for using oil profits to enrich the president’s family.”

Our government should be regulating corporate interests, not putting corporate CEOs in charge of the government. Rex Tillerson as Secretary of State is a fundamental threat to our nation and our planet.

We are urging you to please call your senator — now.
Click here for the number and a sample script.

For the future,
Lindsey Allen,
Executive Director of Rainforest Action Network

lindsey_allen.jpeg


          Who celebrity advocates are really targeting. And it’s not you.        

This week was a fanfare for celebrity humanitarians: Forest Whitaker appealed for peace in South Sudan alongside UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Valerie Amos; Angelina Jolie opened an academic centre on sexual violence in conflict with British Member of Parliament William Hague; and UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador David Beckham launched an initiative for children. 

In recent years, aid agencies have increasingly used celebrity advocates to raise awareness and money for their causes. There’s just one snag: 

It doesn’t actually work. At least not as much or in the ways we think. 

According to research by Dan Brockington, a professor at the University of Manchester, public responses to celebrity activism are surprisingly muted. His work is the first quantitative research on the subject. 

“Using celebrities for broader outreach, for reaching mass publics and attracting media attention is absolutely not the silver bullet it appears to be,” he told IRIN on the sidelines of a 6-8 February conference at the University of Sussex, where he presented research recently published in the book Celebrity Advocacy and International Development.

 

 
In a survey he conducted with 2,000 British people, 95 percent of respondents recognized five or more of 12 charities listed to them, including the British Red Cross, Save the Children UK and Oxfam UK. But two-thirds of the respondents did not know a single “high-profile” advocate of any of the NGOs (In this case, music executive Simon Cowell and singers Victoria Beckham and Elton John respectively, among many others). 

The realpolitik might not be that pleasant. But you'll achieve your goals. 

Focus groups and interviews with more than 100 “celebrity liaison officers” and other media staff at NGOs further reinforced his findings. 

What’s more, Brockington says, those who pay attention to celebrities do not necessarily know which causes they support. 

“People who follow celebrities often do so because they are not political,” he said during the interview. “They are fun, light. You want to live their lives…[People] don’t engage with [celebrities] for the more worthy things.”  

Celebrity stardom flat-lining 

Despite the rise in the use of celebrity advocates (which, by the way, dates back to at least Victorian times), the mention of charities in broadsheet and tabloid articles about celebrities only increased ever so slightly between 1985 and 2010, according to a separate study by Brockington. “There has also been a decline in the proportion of newspaper articles mentioning development and humanitarian NGOs at all,” the study found. 

The perception that celebrities engage the public in the first place may itself be overstated. 

After a steady rise in coverage of celebrities in the British press over two decades, the percentage of articles mentioning the word celebrity (only a fraction of total articles about celebrities) stopped increasing around 2006 and is now hovering at about four percent of all articles studied, the research found, validating the findings of earlier studies on the same subject (The study looked at The Guardian, The Times, The Independent, Daily Mail, The Mirror and The Sun). 

The magazine industry’s own statistics show a tapering off of readership in recent years after steady growth.

Celebrities can be successful in engaging the public – Miley Cyrus made waves last year when she sent a homeless man to pick up her MTV Video Music Awards; Bob Geldof’s charity single on Ebola quickly rose to the top of the charts; and celebrity-driven telethons like the UK’s Comic Relief are generally quite successful. Leonardo DiCaprio’s speech at the opening of the Climate Summit 2014 garnered nearly 2 million views on YouTube – far more than many of the heads of state who also spoke at the summit.

And the effectiveness of celebrity advocacy in non-Western contexts, which is much less studied, could well be higher. UNICEF, for example, uses more national than global celebrity ambassadors because they often resonate better with local audiences. Social media campaigns can also be extremely successful in some instances, though “not a game-changer”, according to Brockington (For a cold shower on this topic, see Paul Currion’s column on why KONY 2012 may have engaged the public, but ultimately failed).

Influence without accountability 

But on the whole, at least in the UK, public interest in celebrity appears to be lower than most people think, Brockington says. But the belief in star power - inaccurate as it may be - lingers: In his survey, 74 percent of respondents said they thought other people paid more attention to celebrities than they did. Statistically, this cannot actually be true, but it proves an important point: If people think that other people care about celebrities, it can become a self-fulfilling prophecy.

Brockington found that while celebrities may not be as successful as we think in engaging the public, they are still successful at engaging politicians and decision-makers. 

Why? 

Because politicians - like most people - like being around celebrities. But also because politicians – also like most people - believe that celebrities express populist sentiment, even though, in fact, they often don’t. So they grant them access and influence. 

Ben Affleck, for example, has briefed US Congress about the Democratic Republic of Congo and George Clooney has addressed the UN Security Council about Darfur.   

 

For the small but growing number of academics studying the subject, the gap between celebrity advocacy and public engagement raises a major ethical question: If celebrities wield all this power and influence, yet do not represent popular sentiment, who are they accountable to?  

“The celebrity is not beholden to his or her public in the same manner as the elected official,” writes Alexandra Cosima Budabin, of the University of Dayton, in an upcoming book: Celebrity Humanitarianism and North-South Relations. “Misguided proposals and ineffective interventions will not endanger a celebrity, whose position is assured by both financial and political elites.”  

Celebrities’ increasingly powerful voices on issues of humanitarian aid, poverty reduction and famine has allowed them to “often decide for the suffering receivers” and eliminate public scrutiny and debate, according to Ilan Kapoor, a professor at York University in Canada and author of Celebrity Humanitarianism: The Ideology of Global Charity. 

“…Mostly unelected, private individuals and organizations have, for all intents and purposes, taken over what should primarily be state/public functions,” he writes. 

A Machiavellian approach?

Perhaps even more interestingly, Brockington found in his interviews with staff of NGOs with celebrity advocates that liaison officers know the impact on the public is limited, but use celebrities anyway because they can access and influence not the general public but decision-makers. 

“The realpolitik might not be that pleasant,” he told the University of Sussex conference, “but you’ll achieve your goals.”

UNICEF’s announcement of a new initiative for children by its Goodwill Ambassador David Beckham may reflect a clear understanding of this precise point. It reads: “David will use his powerful global voice, influence and connections to raise vital funds and encourage world leaders to create lasting positive change for children,” the statement said. 

Malene Kamp Jensen, of UNICEF’s Goodwill Ambassador Program – one of the first and largest of its kind, acknowledges that sending a message to policy-makers is a “very, very important role” of celebrity ambassadors: “They do have certain access and platforms.” 

But she says it is important to engage all segments of society: “You communicate to as many people as possible… I don’t think you can just say: ‘Forget the public; let’s lean on the policy makers. It’s very much a collective effort.” 

For Jeffrey Brez, of the UN’s Messenger of Peace Programme, the target audience depends on the specific goal in that instance. 

“Is there a treaty about to be ratified and you need a few extra votes? Is it a humanitarian crisis and you need a bump of visibility to help Congress push through appropriations for humanitarian aid? There are so many moments when they can come in and give you a little boost. It depends … what you’re trying to achieve.”

 

Celebrity advocacy "industry" 

Brez and Jensen both challenge the suggestion that celebrities are seen to be a silver bullet to public engagement, insisting they are just one tool in the toolbox. 

“We’re always looking just to incrementally move the needle,” Brez says. But he complains that he and his colleagues lack real research to assess just how much impact their outreach has. 

When Project Runway All Stars shot its Season Finale at UN Headquarters, 2 million fashion fans – not the UN’s traditional audience – were exposed to its work in a positive light. But how much did they retain? Did their perceptions of the UN change? 

Brockington cautions not to read too much into his findings: celebrity advocacy can work, he says, but must be used strategically, for example to influence elites or fundraise among existing supporters. 

But he says celebrity liaison officers are themselves frustrated by their NGO colleagues’ expectations that if they just throw a celebrity at something, the organisation will be instantly successful at captivating the public imagination. 

Could the bubble eventually burst if more people become aware of the limits of celebrity advocacy? Unlikely, Brockington says, given what has now become a celebrity advocacy “industry”, in to which NGOs invest a lot of time and resources.  

“There is a fair bit of smoke and mirrors in this… [but] a lot of people are vested in this. They want it to work. There’s all sorts of strong collective interests in sustaining it.”

ha/bp-am
 

101122 201310251228010087.jpg Analysis Aid and Policy Politics and Economics Does celebrity advocacy actually work? Heba Aly IRIN LONDON Antigua and Barbuda Africa East Africa Congo, Republic of DRC Djibouti Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia South Sudan Sudan Tanzania Uganda Southern Africa Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe West Africa Benin Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Nigeria Niger Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Americas Colombia Haiti United States Asia Kazakhstan Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vietnam Europe United Kingdom Middle East and North Africa Egypt Iraq Israel Jordan Lebanon Libya Syria Tunisia Yemen
          An ambitious plan to end statelessness        

It is now 60 years since stateless people received recognition in international law, and the UN has two conventions (1954 and 1961) dedicated to their protection and the regularization of their situation. Yet an estimated 10 million people worldwide still suffer the problems and indignities of having no nationality.

“It may be a bit of understatement to say that these are the two least loved multilateral human rights treaties,” said Mark Manly, head of the UN Refugee Agency’s (UNHCR) statelessness unit. “For many years they were pretty much forgotten and that was in large part because they had no UN agency promoting them.” 

Manly has responsibility for the issue of statelessness, even though most stateless people neither are, nor have ever been, refugees, and this week UNHCR launched an ambitious plan to try to end statelessness over the next 10 years. 

The plan breaks down the issue into 10 action points, addressing the main reasons why people end up stateless. Sometimes it's because children were not registered at birth, or because discriminatory laws prevent their mothers from passing on their own nationality. Some are the victims of ethnic discrimination by countries which refuse to recognize members of their community as citizens; others, especially in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, have fallen down the cracks between countries, as it were, after boundaries were redrawn and states divided. 

In some of the world's major situations of statelessness UNHCR is already involved. In 1989 tens of thousands of Black African Mauritanians fled to Senegal to get away from murderous ethnic persecution. A large number of the refugees who came scrambling across the river border had no papers. Their Mauritanian identity cards had been confiscated or torn up by members of the security forces or by their fellow citizens, who told them, “Tu n'est pas Maure; alors tu n'est pas Mauritanian” (You are not a Moor, an Arab, so you are not a Mauritanian).

Senegalese nationality law is generous, and allows them to apply for citizenship after five years' residence, but many have preferred to go home to Mauritania, assisted by UNHCR which supplied them with travel documents under an agreement governing their return. But large numbers are now finding themselves effectively stateless. Manly told IRIN: “What that agreement says, if I remember correctly, is that the nationality of the refugees is 'presumed' - they are presumed to be Mauritanian. However, many people have faced real problems in getting the documentation to prove that they really are Mauritanian, so there is clearly an issue.” 

“Some 24,000 have returned,” adds Bronwen Manby, a consultant who has worked on this issue. “But the Mauritanian organizations are telling us that only about a third have got their documents. It's the standard sort of situation,” she told IRIN, “where in principle, of course - but then documents were destroyed, and then they find that the name is Mohamed with one 'm' instead of Mohammed with two 'm's, and then it's in French and not in Arabic - there needs to be more pressure on the Mauritanian government to sort out the situation.”

Laws discriminating against women

In the Middle East a lot of statelessness is the result of laws discriminating against women, which only allow nationality to be passed through the father - a problem if the father is not there to register his child or is himself stateless. Laura van Waas, who runs the Statelessness Programme at Tilburg University, says it can have a devastating effect on all members of a family. 

“It's not just the stateless child who is affected by this. It's the mother, who has nationality, who feels guilty for whom she has chosen to marry. Her children are suffering and she sees that as the result of her life choices. And it's the young men who are perhaps the worst affected. This is seen as a women's rights issue, but if you are a young women who couldn't get nationality through your mother, in most of the countries we are looking at you can acquire nationality through your husband, and your children will take his nationality. But if you are a young stateless man, you can't acquire nationality through marriage, and because your children have to acquire their nationality through you, they will also be stateless.”

In countries like Lebanon, where ID cards were first introduced in the 1920s, but not everyone bothered to register, this kind of statelessness has persisted through several generations, resulting in whole families which, although Lebanese, are non-citizens, unable to travel, and with no access to state schooling or health care. It could be sorted out with a bit of goodwill, but as in many countries, political considerations - in this case questions of religious and ethnic balance - mean goodwill may be in short supply.

Egypt and Kuwait provide further examples.

In situations like that of Myanmar, where the government is so reluctant to accept the Muslim community in Rakhine State as Burmese citizens, goodwill seems totally lacking. But elsewhere a lot can be done to reduce statelessness, with improvements to nationality laws, better coordination when states and boundaries change, simpler bureaucratic procedures, and a greater effort to make sure all children get registered.

Attitudes changing?

Manly says he is seeing a real change of attitudes, with governments increasingly willing to ratify the conventions, enter into discussions on the issue and make the necessary changes. 

“The taboo has now been broken,” he says. “Governments now increasingly accept that this is not purely an issue of their sovereign discretion, but that issues of statelessness are of legitimate concern for the international community... Governments have also perceived that it is not in their interests to have a very large disenfranchized and frequently undocumented population in their territories... Ministries of the interior round the world don't want to have tens or hundreds of thousands of people who are undocumented. They want to know who is in their territory, and to be able to control them.”

“In the past four years, more countries have acceded to the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness than in the four decades following its adoption,” says the new UNHCR report. 

So the UNHCR is hopeful that their campaign can bring down the numbers of stateless people in areas like the Middle East and the Former Soviet Union. 

But Bronwen Manby warns that in parts of Africa where she has worked, a push to regularize citizenship could actually increase numbers elsewhere. “Nigeria, for instance, has a large number of people who are absolutely undocumented, but everybody somehow gets by, because that's Nigeria. But it's of concern in the context of increasing efforts to reduce the number of undocumented people for security reasons. Once you really start being strict about ID documents, all the people who have managed to get by with a bit of cash, or a bit of magouille, as they say in French, are going to find it much more difficult to get an ID from somewhere, and I think a problem of statelessness is going to be revealed which is already there but has never been identified.”

eb/cb

100804 2008022736.jpg Analysis Migration An ambitious plan to end statelessness IRIN LONDON Angola Bangladesh Burkina Faso Burundi Benin Botswana DRC Congo, Republic of Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Colombia Cape Verde Djibouti Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau Haiti Indonesia Israel Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kazakhstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Malawi Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Rwanda Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Uganda United States Uzbekistan Vietnam Samoa Yemen South Africa Zambia Zimbabwe
          Equatorial Guinea Ambassador To The United States, Miguel Ntutumu Evuna Andeme Presents Credentials To President Obama        

Miguel Ntutumu Evuna Andeme presented his credentials as Equatorial Guinea’s ambassador to the United States to President Barack Obama earlier this year. Before being named ambassador to the United States, Ambassador Evuna Andeme was the General Director of Cabinet at the Department of Missions in the Presidency of the Republic...

The post Equatorial Guinea Ambassador To The United States, Miguel Ntutumu Evuna Andeme Presents Credentials To President Obama appeared first on Savoy Network.


          Adapt or die        
Adapt or dieLurching through the streets of Dhaka on a narrow rickshaw seat, I thought I would be catapulted out at any time. Then I peered through the dust around me. I saw all sorts of precious cargo balanced on passengers’ knees: sleeping infants, panes of glass, towers of egg boxes. The driver understood his environment well, I realized, and could navigate the many hazards on the roads. A nail-biting journey by rickshaw struck me as an analogy for how Bangladesh is navigating the impacts of climate change: with grit, ingenuity, limited technology and no safety net. I chose not to run photos of natural disasters and floods in this issue. Devastation is already well documented on rolling 24 hour news channels, but we hear less about Bangladeshis’ resilience in the face of encroaching seas and erratic rains. I also met those people for whom the only adaptation option was migration. This brought with it the danger of cross country border-crossings or the misery of destitution in bursting cities. Adaptation to climate change charts a path between ecology, climate science and competing models of development. The latter is the subject of both our Argument and special feature this month. Our debaters consider whether aid should be cut to countries with poor human rights records, while Andrew Bowman considers some of the downsides to Bill Gates’ brand of ‘venture philanthropy’. Worldbeater returns this issue, taking aim at Equatorial Guinea’s Teodoro Obiang: ‘ruthless kleptocrat and good family man’.
          AFCON 2012: Samsung launch interactive, online events        

AFCON 2012: Samsung launch interactive, online eventsSamsung Electronics, the long-time supporter of African football, is rallying fans across the continent to show their passion for the game by launching a series of interactive live and online events for fans to gather and share the excitement of the Orange Africa Cup of Nations 2012, taking place in Gabon-Equatorial Guinea.
Read more... | Send to a friend


          34 years behind bars for coup plot Briton        
British mercenary Simon Mann put on a brave face after being handed a 34-year prison sentence for his part in an African coup plot. Speaking to Channel 4 News about his reaction to the verdict by a court in Equatorial Guinea, he said: “Well, I’ll just have to push it.” Mann said he did not […]
          Mann’s story like a thriller novel        
The story of Simon Mann and his trial on charges of planning to overthrow an oil-rich African regime is often compared to the plot of a Frederick Forsyth novel. The 55-year-old Old Etonian himself wryly observed in a Channel 4 News interview earlier this year from his jail in Equatorial Guinea – “You go tiger […]
          Mann jailed for 34yrs for failed coup        
Simon Mann faces years behind bars British mercenary Simon Mann was today sentenced to 34 years in jail over a failed coup plot in Equatorial Guinea, according to reports. Former SAS officer Mann, 55, was accused of masterminding an operation to oust President Obiang. The old Etonian, was originally arrested with around 70 other people, […]
          Trial of mercenary Simon Mann dropped        
Simon Mann could have faced the death penalty A £15 million damages claim against British mercenary Simon Mann for allegedly leading a failed coup attempt in Equatorial Guinea was dramatically dropped today. The announcement came at the beginning of a House of Lords hearing when Sir Sydney Kentridge QC, representing Equatorial Guinea, said the appeal […]
          à®¹à®œà¯ செய்திகள்: தடுப்பூசிகளுக்கான புதிய வழிகாட்டுதல்கள் வெளியீடு (முழு விவரம்)        



 à®œà¯‚லை 20
ஹஜ் விசாவுக்கு விண்ணப்பிக்கும் யாத்ரீகர்கள் கட்டாயம் போட வேண்டிய தடுப்பூசிகள் குறித்த விபரங்களை சவுதியின் சுகாதார அமைச்சகம் வெளியிட்டுள்ளது. அதன்படி நவீன நோய்களான ஸிகா வைரஸ், டெங்கு, மத்திய கிழக்கு சுவாச நோய், மஞ்சள் காமாலை, காலரா, மூளைக்காய்ச்சல், போலியோ மற்றும் பருவகால காய்ச்சலுக்கு (Zika virus, dengue, Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS), yellow fever, cholera, meningitis, polio and vaccination against seasonal influenza) எதிரான தடுப்பு ஊசிகளை புதிய வழிகாட்டுதலின்படி எடுத்துக் கொள்ள வேண்டும்.

மூளைக்காய்ச்சலுக்கு எதிரான தடுப்பூசி அனைத்து வெளிநாடு மற்றும் உள்நாட்டு யாத்ரீகர்கள் மீதும் கட்டாயமாகும் (meningitis is mandatory for all local and foreign pilgrims).

சளிக்காய்ச்சலுக்கு எதிரான ஊசி கட்டாயமில்லை என்றாலும் யாத்ரீகர்கள் தங்கள் நாட்டின் சீதோஷ்ணநிலை மற்றும் எளிதில் மாறுபடும் உடலின் தன்மையை பொறுத்து (flu vaccine) ஊசியை போட்டுக் கொள்வது அவர்களுக்கு நல்லது.

அதீத உடல் கோளாறுகளான நீரிழிவு, உயர் இரத்த அழுத்தம் மற்றும் சிறுநீரகக் கோளாறுகள் (diabetes, hypertension and renal problems) உள்ளவர்கள் காய்ச்சல் தடுப்பூசியை (flu vaccine) போட்டுக் கொள்வதன் மூலம் தங்களின் ஹஜ் உம்ரா கிரிகளை உபாதைகள் இன்றி நிறைவேற்றலாம்.

சர்வதேச சுகாதார சட்டம் 2005ன் படி, மஞ்சள் காமாலை தொற்று உள்ள நாடுகளிலிருந்து வரக்கூடிய யாத்ரீகர்கள் கட்டாயம் அதற்கான ஊசியை போட்டுக் கொண்டதற்கான ஆயுட்காலம் முழுவதும் செல்லத்தக்க சான்றிதழுடன் வர வேண்டும் மேலும் இந்த ஊசியை போட்டு கொண்ட பின் 10 தினங்களுக்கு பின் தான் இந்த சான்றிதழ் செல்லுபடியாகும்.(The life-long certificate is valid from 10 days after the vaccination date)

அதேபோல் மஞ்சல் காமாலை பாதிப்புள்ள நாடுகளிலிருந்து வரும் விமானங்கள், கப்பல்கள் மற்றும் இதர வகை போக்குவரத்து சாதனங்கள் அனைத்தும் சர்வதேச சுகாதார சட்ட வழிகாட்டுதலின்படி தடுப்பு மருந்துகள் பூசப்பட்டதற்கான சான்றிதழ்களுடன் வர வேண்டும். (certificate indicating that they applied disinsection in accordance with methods recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO)

பாகிஸ்தான், நைஜீரியா, ஆப்கானிஸ்தான் போன்ற நாடுகளிலிருந்து வரும் அனைத்து வயது பயணிகளும் போலியோ தடுப்பு மருந்துகளை குறைந்தபட்சம் புறப்படுவதற்கு 4 வாரங்களுக்கு முன்னிருந்து அதிகபட்சம் 12 மாதங்களுக்குள் எடுத்துக் கொண்டதற்கான சான்றிதழுடன் சவுதி அரேபியாவிற்குள் நுழைவதற்கான விசாவிற்கு விண்ணப்பிக்க வேண்டும். (required to apply for an entry visa to Saudi Arabia for travelers arriving from countries including Afghanistan, Nigeria and Pakistan)

போலியோ கட்டுப்படுத்தப்பட்டது என்றாலும் மீண்டும் பாதிக்கும் சாத்தியக்கூறுள்ள நாடுகளான கேமரூன், மத்திய ஆப்பிரிக்கா ரிபப்ளிக் (Republic of Central Africa), ஜாடு (Chad), கினியா, லவோஸ், மடாகஸ்கர், மியான்மார், நைஜர், உக்ரைன், காங்கோ ஜனநாயக ரிபப்ளிக் (Democratic Republic of Congo), ஈக்குடோரியல் கினியா (Equatorial Guinea), எத்தியோப்பியா, இராக், கென்யா, லைபீரியா, சியர்ரா லீயொன், சோமாலியா, தெற்கு சூடான், சிரியா மற்றும் ஏமன் நாடுகளைச் சேர்ந்தவர்களுக்கு போலியோ தடுப்பு மருந்து கட்டாயமாகும்.

இப்புதிய தடுப்பூசி விதிகளை பின்பற்றுவதை உறுதி செய்யும் படி சம்பந்தப்பட்ட நாடுகளில் உள்ள சவுதி தூதரகங்களுக்கு சவுதி வெளியுறவுத் துறை அமைச்சகம் சுற்றறிக்கை அனுப்பியுள்ளது.

Source: Arab News
தமிழில்: நம்ம ஊரான் 
அதிரை நியூஸ்:

          OPEC Deal In Jeopardy As Exempted Nations Boost Output        
All data below is based on the latest OPEC Monthly Oil Market Report. All data is through July 2017 and is in thousand barrels per day. (Click to enlarge)The above chart does not include the 14th member of OPEC that was just added, Equatorial Guinea. I do not have historical data for Equatorial Guinea so I may not add them at all. It doesn’t really matter since they are only a very minor producer. Also, they are in steep decline, dropping at about 10 percent per year. The huge June OPEC production increased was due to a revision,…
          Nj Ayuk: ” In my book Big Barrels, I wanted to tell our story …”        
  The book "Big Barrels: African Oil and Gas and the Quest for Prosperity" written by Nj Ayuk and João Marques is the big sensation of the African summer of raw materials. The lawyer who accompanied Equatorial Guinea in his OPEC accession process approached the hydrocarbon sector by relying on what is good in various […]
          CCM Newsletter for January 1, 2009        

Messages from Around the World

Included below are some of the e-mails, letters, etc. that we have received recently. It's encouraging to know that at any time of the day, our website is carrying the message of great hymnody around the world!
[The letters/e-mails have been edited for space purposes]

Posted December 10
From Cooloongup, West Australia I came across this website by mistake and am glad I did. I love Christian music. We need the thoughts behind [hymns] more than ever. Wally

Posted November 20
From Ammanford, UK I have sent you a donation of one hundred dollars US toward your ministry. I trust the Lord will bring much blessing to your ministry and effort in spreading the good news of the gospel. Aerlyn

Posted October 12
From Cuddalore, TamilNadu, India I will pray for your website development. Gideon

Posted December 15
From Alto, MI What a refreshing ministry to come across in this popular media culture we live in. I pray and encourage you to continue as it is of vital importance to the church. James

Posted December 15
From Westminster, CO Thanks so much for your ministry! My wife's Mom lives in Albuquerque and cannot get to church. We play one of your songs each night by phone before she goes to bed. Mike

Posted December 15
From Elmira, NY WOW!! What a site!...I'm impressed... Erin

Website Report: God at Work!

Source: Google Analytics

Preliminary 2008 Statistics

Number of hits: January 1 - December 31: 750,000 Hits/Pageviews
Total Countries on the Site: 197
Audio Downloads: 4,605,889 (More on this next time...)
Top Non-English Countries: Pages Per Visit Madagascar
Equatorial Guinea
Serbia
Oman
Kazakhstan

HOUSEKEEPING NEWS

Our change-over from Gospel Communications in Muskegon, MI to DreamHost in Los Angeles, CA went well--but not without some snags. Our website was down for about 72 hours. But thankfully, our numbers have bounced back up since early December.

The outstanding preliminary statistics (from Google) remind us that a website is one of the most cost-effective ways to share the good news of the Gospel around the world. Where missionaries would have no physical access, the Center for Church Music is able to directly reach into such places as war-ravaged Zimbabwe, the interior of China and the teeming cities of Rio De Janeiro and Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. We are grateful to the Lord for this unique ministry opportunity. More next time.

PRAYER MEMO

Our website challenge! As of yet we have not been able to reach our financial goals for the website and for recording. Please pray with us for the necessary funds to complete our website work and to begin recording again.

To Donate

THIS MONTH'S ESSAY

CCM: A Unique Ministry for a Unique Time

[As we conclude another year of ministry with the Center for Church Music (our fifth!) we would like to remind you about our mission.]

Music matters! If Scripture is to be believed, it expresses the very essence of the Christian life. Why? Because it engages the entire person in song and prayer. READ MORE



JANUARY HYMN HIGHLIGHT

O God Our Help in Ages Past

Listen to it on the website or on a radio station in your area. Then, go to the website and learn how this popular hymn came to be written. It is one of the greatest hymns ever written and has been sung around the world for almost 300 years!





DIRECTOR'S UPDATE

As you may have noticed, we have changed things around just a bit in this newsletter. Hopefully, you'll find it easier to navigate--and to learn of what's happening in the life of the Center for Church Music.

We are sending this first newsletter of 2009 to many who have not received a copy in the past. If you are receiving "The Latest Word" for the first time, I hope you find it thought provoking and informative--and perhaps you'll give our website a try as well. We have also included two articles recently published in a local newspaper here in Michigan.

We have also included a handy chart prepared by Robert W. Patterson and myself that compares the singing of hymns to "Praise and Worship" music. I hope you find it helpful.

By the way, if you are too busy to receive "another newsletter", just return the card included in this mailing. No problem!

As is the case with most Christian non-profits, our income has been affected significantly by the recent financial downturn. If you can helpus with an extra gift at this time, we would be most grateful.

One last thing: For a few days we had some trouble receiving donations/CD orders on our new host. (DreamHost) If you sent us something and have not heard from us yet, please send us an e-mail right away. (paul@songsandhymns.org.) Your information has not been compromised--in fact our security is "too tight." We're in the process of working it out right now. Thanks for your patience!

We wish a happy and healthy 2009 to you. May the power of Christ "strengthen you in your innermost being" throughout this new year.
(Ephesians 3:16)

Paul


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          An African kleptocracy’s U.S. helpers        
As bizarre events go, pride of place must go to an African summit scheduled for later this month in Equatorial Guinea. The meeting's agenda includes human rights and good governance and it will be hosted by Teodore Obiang,Africa's longest-serving leader, whose government has won a reputation for corruption and repression.
           The blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Bioko (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) and the Gulf of Guinea with a description of the larvae of the 'Pomeroy' form of Simulium cervicornutum         
Mustapha, M., McCall, P.J., Cheke, Robert A. and Post, R.J. (2006) The blackflies (Diptera: Simuliidae) of Bioko (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) and the Gulf of Guinea with a description of the larvae of the 'Pomeroy' form of Simulium cervicornutum. Systematic Entomology, 31 (4). pp. 611-620. ISSN 0307-6970 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2006.00330.x )
          Donald Trump to Arrest Mugabe And 6 Other African Leaders Within A Month. Read Shocking Details.        

American president Donald Trump has, on his first official day in office, reiterated that he will be coming for what he calls “corrupt African leaders” and it is his “first thing on the list”.

Speaking from his official residence , The White House, Donald Trump said he is going to make sure he puts behind bars the president of Zimbabwe, Robert Mugabe and South African president Jacob Zuma. Also on his list is Swaziland King Mswati III, Omar Al-Bashir, President of Sudan, José Eduardo dos Santos, President of Angola , Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, President of Equatorial Guinea and Yoweri Museveni President of Uganda.

 Last year, the US business icon Donald Trump’s statement was conceived as a notice to Mugabe and Ugandan President, of what their fate will be if he becomes the President of the United States of America. While addressing war veterans in a speech in Washington, Trump warned the other dictators across the globe who want to die in power, that it’s just a matter of time before they face justice for their crimes.

“I want to reiterate here before America’s greatest heroes that I will not condone any dictatorial tendencies exhibited by dictators around the world especially the two old men from Zimbabwe and Uganda.”

Mugabe responded “Recently that madman that wants to be American President said he’ll arrest some African Presidents including my brother Yoweri and myself and lock us in his imaginary prison should he become American President”

 “May I state here that Trump will never take us anywhere because we Africans are the strongest and fearless in the universe. I wish everyone to Know that I have nothing to fear and I want to tell the world that Hitler’s descendant (Trump) has taken after him and he is about to do his worst should the people of America make a mistake of electing him” President Mugabe said.

source:http://www.hinnews.com/


          Information on the Spanish Reparations Movement        
From: Federación Panafricanista [mailto:panafricanos@gmail.com]
Sent: Tuesday, April 14, 2009 3:17 PM
To: Coates, Rodney D. Dr.
Subject: Fwd: solidarity with Spanish Reparation Movement

Brother and Sisters:

I informed you that at the initiative of Black Community: Spanish parliaments are discussing now to apologize African people for slavery and colonialism maafa . So we have launched the campaign we are not alone. http://www.documentalistas.org/proyectos/nosolos/documentos/madrid_declaration_english.pdfWe need your support the legislative initiative to become law.
We request your solidarity to collect 5 million signatures to turn this initiative into law. SIGNATURES http://www.documentalistas.org/proyectos/nosolos/firmantes.php?pagina=1&termino=

We attach you the original document

UHURU

Abuy Nfubea

www.panafricanos.com

Madrid Declaration Black Community
2008 International Merit Award Emilio Castelar
PARDON, RECONCILIATION AND DIALOGUE WITHOUT BORDERS

PREAMBLE
In Madrid, Spain, December 5th, 2008 we, the undersigned, participants of the Emilio
Castelar Award to Merit DISPERSOS E INÉDITOS event, in representation of the
organized civil society of the black community and African descendants from the
Americas and the Caribbean, and of kindred organizations , in the framework of the
Bicentenary of the Abolition of Slavery and Slave Trade, the European Year of
Intercultural Dialogue, the Latin American Year of Non-Discrimination and Youth, the
Tenth Year of Black Communities, the Millennium Objectives 2015, the Follow-up
Report of the Durban Plan in Cincha/Perú ONU/CES 27 February 2006, Act 62/2003 on
Equal Treatment- Spain, in commemoration of the Thirtieth Anniversary of the
Spanish Constitution, Sixtieth Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights, the Tercentenary of the incorporation of Equatorial Guinea to the Crown of
Castile, and the Year of Planet Earth.

Considering our shared commitment and interest in using effectively the great
progress and development achieved by humankind in the fields of human, civil and
social rights, participative and representative democracy, citizenship, equity, equal
rights and justice, social peace, tolerance for the development of multicultural
diversity and multiethnic, cultural and educational diversity, in the protection and
defence of natural resources and the environment.

In view of our common concern about the vulnerability, inequity and social injustice
the black community and African descendants are subjected to, as reflected in the
high rates of marginality, poverty, illness, hunger, exclusion, armed conflicts and
generalized violation of their human, civil and social rights and the significant
repercussion this has on structural and institutional racism.

We here present the following Madrid Declaration of the Black Community, urging
democratic governments to implement affirmative actions to ensure in an effective
manner the inclusion of the black community in all spheres of activity, cultural, social, economic and political.

WE HEREBY

UNDERLINE the significant historical contribution of the Black community to the
political, cultural, economic, social, and religious development and to World Peace,
which makes it deserve other forms of relations with the states and official and private
bodies, to guarantee the implementation of universal citizenship, as an expression of
participative and representative democracy and of social corporate responsibility.
HIGHLIGHT the success of the 1st INTERNATIONAL EXPERTS SYMPOSIUM 2008:
Abolition of Slavery and Slave Trade, Human Rights and Intercultural Dialogue, a
preamble encouraging Spain to become an example for other nations throughout the
world in the dignification of the black community, along with other counties such as
the United states, United Kingdom, France, and the Vatican.
www.documentalistas.org / www.documentalistas.com
STRESS the success of the event Dispersed and Unknown which was granted the
Award to the Merit Emilio Castelar in 2008.
HIGHLIGHT the meeting of Black Community representatives with representatives of
the two Chambers of the Spanish Parliament.
EMPHASIZE the clear will of the organized black civil community and that of Spanish
sympathizers to establish the BROWN RIBBON as symbol to the memory of the
victims of the holocaust and of the triangular trade of slavery, between Europe, Africa
and America.
REQUEST that the goodwill shown by the EUROPEAN UNION and SPAIN vis-à-vis the
indigenous peoples of the Americas and the Caribbean be EXTENDED TO AFFIRMATIVE
ACTION POLICIES to meet the aspirations of slave descendants in the form of specific
international cooperation schemes geared at their access to a comprehensive social
development, the social and economic fund and to the different civil bodies organised
around international cooperation.
REQUEST that the aspiration of the Black Community, its Diaspora and descendents
be placed on equal footing and be fully recognized in Spain as an ethnic minority and
as a socially excluded group (like Sephardic Jews, Saharawi, Gypsies, Muslims,
Buddhists, Protestants, Homosexuals), on the grounds of long-established settlement,
historical links and equal treatment.
STATEMENT
1. Human rights cannot be legitimated without taking into account the victims of
cruelty be it holocaust, racism, xenophobia, slavery, genocide and crimes against
humanity which do not prescribe or cannot be granted amnesty, and all connected
forms of surreptitious, legitimate, institutional exclusion.
2. We urge the States to recognize and include without any restrictions the Black
community among ethnic minorities, with priority treatment by the state.
3. We urge the Spanish Administration to publicly acknowledge slavery, to proclaim
forgiveness for the black holocaust and to draft proposals to foster the full recognition
of the black community in Spain.
4. We demand that the States open up their institutions to encourage dialogue and
reconciliation and to foster effective inclusion, visibility and empowerment of the black
community in all functional areas of the state and of human development.
5. We ask for the criminalization of racist acts leading to segregation and exclusion,
detrimental to the civil and social rights and freedoms of the Black community in
Spain.
6. We request the tipification of the Black community and that of other ethnic
minorities in the Spanish Constitution to guarantee their democratic representation
and participation as well as their political participation, through a special
circunscripción (constituency), and full representation in the legislative, judicial and
executive powers of the Spanish State.
www.documentalistas.org / www.documentalistas.com
7. We request the tipification of the Black community and other ethnic minorities to be
acknowledged in the European Constitution.
8. We urge the governments to guarantee compliance of the regulations and rules of
international bodies such as Durban 2001, the Human Rights Commission,
UN/ECOSOC 2006, OAS, SECIB, FRA,UNHCR, CERD/SP/69, ODM, Coalition of
American, Caribbean, African and European Cities Against Racism, Xenophobia and
Intolerance.
FIRMANTES REPRESENTANTES DE
Signatory countries and representatives:
PERU: CARLOS JARA CUEVAS
ANGOLA: JEAN BERNABE MOUSAJE
BRAZIL: JOSÉ ROBERTO GUEDES OLIVEIRA
SENEGAL: ARISTIDE KATARE
CUBA: GUILLERMO PONCE LEON
COLOMBIA: OLMEDO POVEDA BUITRAGO
COLOMBIA: JENNY DE LA TORRE CORDOBA
COLOMBIA: LUIS ALBERTO ALARCÓN VALENCIA
EQUATORIAL GUINEA: ABUY NFUBEA
ISRAEL: BEN YEHUDA KHAZRIEL
SPAIN: JOSÉ RAÚL VAQUERO PULIDO
SPAIN: RAQUEL PEREIRA
Organizations:
LAS ORGANIZACIONES
Instituto Brasilero de fluencia
Centro Europeo Ibero andino de España
Asociación Iberoamericana de Integración de España
Asociación Africa Viva
Asociación Mboloni
Federación de Asociaciones Cubanas e Iberoamericanas Siglo XXI – FEDACI
Federación de Asociaciones de Afro descendientes de Ibero América en España –
FEDAFRO
Asociación Progreso Da Nacao Angolenha
Documentation Sciences Foundation
Fundación Vida – Grupo Ecológico Verde
Federación Panafricanista de España
Plataforma Solidaridad
In attendance:
EN PRESENCIA
USA: Mr. STEVE COHEN
Member of Congress
NETHERLANDS: Ms. BERRYL BIECKMAN
Director Sixth Nepad Region – African Union
SPAIN: Mr. ADOLFO GONZALES
Member of Parliament
SPAIN: Mr. MARCO GARCIA MONTES
International Jurists Commission
SPAIN: REPRESENTATION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION AND PARLAMENT IN
SPAIN
www.documentalistas.org / www.documentalistas.com
EUROPEAN UNION: Ms .MARÍA ROSA GARCÍA G.
General Secretary of Organised Civil Society and Corporate Social Responsibility
www.documentalistas.org / www.documentalistas.com
          Cost of clinical trials worries donors        

The more medical successes there are, the more it costs to find the next one, prompting donors to demand more from researchers carrying out large-scale trials of drugs, vaccines and global health impacts.

“As a funder, I hate clinical trial applications,” said Jimmy Whitworth, head of international activities at the science funding division of UK-based Wellcome Trust, which finances health research.

Clinical trial costs have spiralled in recent years - one recent report estimated a 70 percent cost rise per patient between 2008 and 2011 - but without sound evidence of beneficial medicinal effect, regulatory agencies will not approve.

A clinical drug trial can take up to 12 years, enrol thousands of participants across continents, and cost from as much as US$1.3 billion to nearly $12 billion for each new drug before it is approved for public use.

And the costs keep climbing. “We need other ways of funding that are more flexible, quicker,” said Geoff Garnett, deputy director of the HIV Department at the US-based Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

“I think a lot of what we should be doing is public health trials rather than clinical trials,” Garnett commented. “If we bog down our public health trials with clinical trial requirements, then we miss out on some of the important behavioural and organizational interventions that make clinical care and prevention work much better.”

Why so costly?

A greater number of participants must be tested in more settings, including those living where reports of a particular disease are falling, to determine whether improvements are the result of the proposed intervention or are being produced by existing ones.

Bloated trials mean more researchers, institutes and funders, which in turn increases regulatory requirements.

“The reality is, trials are getting steadily larger and more expensive… regulation is becoming ever more complicated,” said Chris Witty, research director at the UK Department for International Development (DFID). “We’re paying more and more for less and less.”

Too ambitious

As researchers compete for dwindling research and development dollars, donors criticize overly ambitious proposals.

“The timetables are often extremely optimistic, so there is a real problem in that funding may run out before the research question is actually answered, said the Wellcome Trust’s Whitworth. “Frankly, very often clinical trials don’t look great value for money.”

HIV research has tended to carry out trials in the most expensive way, Witty said, noting that researchers often make poor correlations between cost and the potential impact of a study.

Donors and researchers are looking at partnerships and other ways to bring down costs, including “adaptive testing”, which uses real-time data to modify an ongoing trial.

New funding

In 2010, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation pledged $10 billion to research and develop vaccines for some of the world’s poorest countries and its grants database shows more than $70 million going to clinical trials since 2004.

In the UK, the Wellcome Trust, the Medical Research Council (MRC) and DFID have committed $57 million to fund late-stage trials of interventions in cash-strapped countries.

“Give us the evidence,” said Wendy Ewart, deputy chief executive and director of strategy at MRC. “Make the case for future funding.”

oja/pt/he

95507 200709057.jpg Feature Health Cost of clinical trials worries donors IRIN LONDON Global Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia South Sudan Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Where to watch prices        

Against a global background of steadily climbing food prices, IRIN lists a selection of websites that offer some useful insights into how, why and where food is becoming more expensive.



• UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) food price index



This monthly price list consults private sector as well as government sources for prices and export orders. It is officially accepted by countries and used by governments, policy-makers, humanitarian agencies and financial institutions.



In its April edition the index showed that food prices had declined but this was a temporary dip reflecting the crises in North Africa and Japan in March, which delayed cereal purchases.



The FAO food price index includes an average of the trading prices of five essential commodities - cereals, cooking oil, dairy products, meat and sugar. The average value of the export share of each of these commodities between 2000 and 2004 forms the base for making comparisons.



The month-to-month changes in the prices of each of these commodities is shown in graphs based on detailed information on the prices of a broad range of commodities, including 11 kinds of oils, various varieties of rice and kinds of meat.



• FAO Global Food Price Monitor



If you need more details on how global cereal prices are affecting individual countries then consult the FAO Global Food Price Monitor.



Information from markets and FAO offices around the world feed into this information service, which has also created a food price tool. With a few clicks you can access the price of a particular food commodity in any country.



• The World Food Programme (WFP) Market Monitor



If you are a policy maker or a humanitarian aid worker and need to find out how food prices are affecting the purchasing power of people in 63 vulnerable countries, then consult this quarterly bulletin. 



The April edition, covering the first quarter of 2011, reported that in 44 of the 63 countries monitored, the overall basic food basket had increased more than 10 percent above the 5-year average.
























Read more
 EASTERN AFRICA: Consumers, traders feel the burn as prices skyrocket
 UGANDA: As food prices bite, HIV-positive people turn to kitchen gardens
 VIETNAM: Struggling to cope with rising prices
 AFGHANISTAN: Government stockpiling wheat ahead of expected drought
 Biofuels make a comeback as prices rise

In 16 of the countries the cost of the food basket had increased more than 10 percent since the last quarter of 2010, and by more than 20 percent in Ghana, Somalia, Afghanistan, Georgia, and El Salvador.



The market monitor uses information collected by WFP field offices and in the April edition it also examined the impact of fuel prices on essential food commodities. It noted that the highest increases in fuel prices occurred in Ethiopia and Haiti, where fuel subsidies have been scaled back, and in Malawi and Uganda.



• World Bank Food Price Watch



The World Bank has begun producing regular food prices bulletins, using its own food price index based on information drawn from its offices across the world, the FAO food price index, and the US Department of Agriculture, which also regularly produces updates on global supplies of food commodities.



The information is detailed and often contains useful analyses not found on other websites. The current update looks at the projected impact of continued food price increases on poverty.



jk/he
92568 2008070416.jpg News Food Health Where to watch prices IRIN JOHANNESBURG Global Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Stillbirths "absent from global health agenda"        

The annual number of stillbirths around the world is more than double the number of people who die from HIV-related causes, according to a new report that says this widely overlooked epidemic could be dramatically mitigated with better antenatal care.



Some 2.64 million foetuses die after the 28th week of pregnancy, most of them in low- and middle-income countries, according the report published by The Lancet.



While the number of stillbirths globally has fallen from an estimated three million in 1995, the decline lags behind progress in reducing deaths in children under the age of five. The series authors say the lack of recognition of the issue at a global health level means not enough is being done to prevent more babies from dying.



"Parental groups must join with professional organizations to bring a unified message to UN agencies regarding the need to include stillbirths in global health policy."



The authors report that grieving mothers are often disenfranchised from their communities; stillbirths can also affect future parenting and lead to divorce. In many countries, bereavement counselling is not widely available for families dealing with depression after a stillbirth.



"Behind the statistics are individual stories of families devastated by the loss of their precious child," Janet Scott, research manager at Sands, a British stillbirths and neonatal death charity, said in The Lancet. "A baby who dies before he or she is born is no less loved and cherished, the grief and pain for the parents no less agonizing and enduring, and the guilt at not being able to protect that child no less intense."



According to the UN World Health Organization, the five main causes of stillbirth are childbirth complications, maternal infections in pregnancy, maternal disorders such as hypertension and diabetes, foetal growth restriction and congenital abnormalities.









''A baby who dies before he or she is born is no less loved and cherished, the grief and pain of the parents no less agonizing and enduring''

Health facilities overwhelmed



At Madiany Hospital in Rarieda District in western Kenya's Nyanza Province, doctors and midwives deal with stillbirths on a daily basis; health workers are overwhelmed by expectant mothers from the entire district, even though the number of women who seek antenatal care is a mere fraction of what it should be.



"We are just one hospital serving a whole district with a huge population. To reduce cases of irregular antenatal visits among pregnant mothers - one of the biggest contributing factors to stillbirths - we need to build the capacity of lower level health centres to provide antenatal care," Sylvia Warom, in charge of the hospital's maternity ward, told IRIN.



"Many women come to the hospital when they realize they are pregnant and you never see them again until they are ready to deliver; it is unfortunate because many come to deliver already dead children," she added.



In rural Nyanza, health centres are few and far between, and many women lose their babies on the long journey from home to the hospital, while others lose babies by choosing to deliver at home. More than half of all Kenyan women deliver their babies without the benefit of skilled medical professionals.



According to The Lancet series, an estimated 1.2 million of all stillbirths happen during labour and delivery, highlighting the need to increase the number of women delivering babies with skilled birth attendants present.



Better healthcare, better data



"In Uganda only 42 percent of women receive skilled attended delivery," said Robina Biteyi, national coordinator of the Uganda chapter of The White Ribbon Alliance, an international maternal health NGO. "It is estimated that 15 percent of all pregnancies are likely to develop life-threatening complications and will need emergency obstetric care but in Uganda, only 24 percent have access to it."



The authors of The Lancet series noted that measures to reduce stillbirths often overlapped with those to reduce maternal and child deaths. Some recommended interventions include: skilled care at birth and emergency obstetric care taking priority in settings with the highest burden and the weakest health systems; provision of basic information and service access to health-care users and ensuring health-care providers have skills, knowledge, and resources.





















Read more
 Experts seek WHO nod for postpartum haemorrhage drug
 MDGs: Make the most of the next five years
 RWANDA: Maternal and child health on the right track
 PAKISTAN: Population growth rate adds to problems

Other measures include the provision of folic acid supplements, supplying insecticide-treated nets in malaria-endemic areas and routine syphilis screening during antenatal visits.



"We need to improve access to family planning; there is an unmet need for family planning of 41 percent in Uganda," said Biteyi. "There is also an urgent need to increase the number of health workers and improve their services of employment and ensure retention; currently Uganda is short of 2,000 midwives," said Biteyi.



The authors further noted that there was a dearth of information on the subject of stillbirths, and to effectively tackle the problem it would be necessary to develop mechanisms to monitor stillbirths and better understand their causes.



"To prioritize stillbirth prevention, health professionals need data on rates, causes, and preventive opportunities, as well as global leadership," they said.



kr/ko/mw
92476 200702263.jpg News Human Rights Health Stillbirths "absent from global health agenda" IRIN NAIROBI Global Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Protection takes centre stage in new Sphere guidelines        

Avoiding exposing vulnerable people to further harm, ensuring their access to impartial aid and assisting them to claim their rights and recover from abuse are some of the guidelines given to humanitarian actors in a new edition of the Sphere handbook, a set of common principles and universal standards for aid delivery.



Incorporating a new chapter on protection principles, the third edition of the Sphere Handbook, Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response (2011), stresses that protection is an intrinsic aspect of all humanitarian response.



"The handbook incorporates a stronger focus on protection and safety of affected populations and considers emerging issues like climate change, disaster risk reduction, disasters in an urban setting, education, as well as early recovery of services, livelihoods and governance capacity of affected communities," Maxine Clayton, head of the Inter Agency Working Group (IAWG), said.



Philip Wijmans, Kenya's country representative for the Lutheran World Federation (LWF), said: "This new edition of the Sphere handbook is a lifeline for humanitarian aid workers... it marks the beginning of a roll-out strategy."



Besides the chapter on protection, the handbook incorporates a rewritten Humanitarian Charter and restructured chapters on core standards as well as minimum standards.



According to the Sphere Project, at least 650 experts and more than 300 organizations in 20 countries were involved in the preparation of the 2011 edition, which is aimed at improving the quality of aid given to communities affected by natural disasters and armed conflict.



"The Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards will not of course stop humanitarian crises from happening, nor can they prevent human suffering," the Sphere project said in a statement marking the launch. "What they offer, however, is an opportunity for the enhancement of assistance with the aim of making a difference to the lives of people affected by disaster."



Launched alongside the Sphere handbook was Preventing Corruption in Humanitarian Operations by Transparency International Kenya (TI Kenya), the anti-corruption NGO. It is a practical guide to help aid organizations deal with corruption in their operations.


''This new edition of the Sphere handbook is a lifeline for humanitarian aid workers... it marks the beginning of a roll-out strategy''

"It highlights best practice tools for preventing and detecting corruption in humanitarian organizations," Rachel Mbai, TI Kenya's vice-chairwoman, said. "Transparency International defines corruption as 'abuse of entrusted power for private gain'. This includes financial corruption such as fraud, bribery, nepotism and extortion but also encompasses non-financial forms such as the diversion of humanitarian assistance to benefit non-target group."



Mbai said humanitarian organizations must be accountable, not only to their development partners but also to the people they have the mandate to serve.



"They have the duty to be transparent about their mandate, their scope of work, the eligibility criteria of the relief and services they are providing to communities," she said.



Roslyn Hees, TI senior adviser and co-author of the handbook, said: "The handbook is a menu of good practice tools to help organizations deter, detect and deal with specific corruption risks in their operations. It can also be used by donors as a checklist when looking at the institutional policies of the aid organizations they work with."



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92478 20081127.jpg News Human Rights Conflict Protection takes centre stage in new Sphere guidelines IRIN NAIROBI Global United Nations HQ Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Invest in adolescents' education and training, urges UNICEF        

With the majority (88 percent) of the world's 1.2 billion adolescents living in developing countries, investing in their education and training could break entrenched cycles of poverty and inequality, says the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) 2011 State of the World’s Children report.



“We need to focus more attention now on reaching adolescents - especially adolescent girls - investing in education, health and other measures to engage them in the process of improving their own lives,” Anthony Lake, UNICEF executive director, said in a statement issued at the launch of the report, Adolescence: An Age of Opportunity, on 25 February.



Lake said: "Adolescence is a pivot point – an opportunity to consolidate the gains we have made in early childhood or risk seeing those gains wiped out."



In Nairobi, UNICEF's regional director for eastern and southern Africa, Elhadj As Sy, told IRIN: "Africa has the largest proportion of children, adolescents and young people in the world. Almost half its population is younger than 18 years and almost two-thirds are younger than 25 years.



"As the gap between rich and poor, men and women, urban and rural keeps widening, and inequality generates a 'nothing to lose' generation, paying more attention to adolescents and young people is especially critical for the African nations."



According to UNICEF, strong investments during the last two decades have resulted in "enormous gains" for young children up to the age of 10, with a 33 percent drop in the global under-five mortality rate.



"On the other hand, there have been fewer gains in areas critically affecting adolescents. More than 70 million adolescents of lower secondary [school] age are currently out of school, and on a global level, girls still lag behind boys in secondary school participation," UNICEF said in a statement. "Without education, adolescents cannot develop the knowledge and skills they need to navigate the risks of exploitation, abuse and violence that are at their height during the second decade of life."



Among the challenges facing today's adolescents, UNICEF said, are health risks such as injury, eating disorders, substance abuse and mental health issues - "it is estimated that around one in every five adolescents suffers from a mental health or behavioural problem".










''Today's investment will lay the foundation for a generation of active agents of change for a better future''

Challenges



The agency said global challenges facing adolescents include the current bout of economic turmoil, climate change and environmental degradation, explosive urbanization and migration, ageing societies, the rising costs of healthcare and escalating humanitarian crises.



To enable adolescents to effectively deal with these challenges, UNICEF recommends improved data collection to increase the understanding of adolescents’ situation; investing in education and training to lift adolescents out of poverty; expanding opportunities for youth to participate and voice their opinion; promoting laws, policies and programmes that protect the rights of adolescents, and stepping up the fight against poverty and inequality through child-sensitive programmes to prevent adolescents from being prematurely catapulted into adulthood.



Lake said: "Millions of young people around the world are waiting for greater action by all of us. Giving all young people the tools they need to improve their own lives will foster a generation of economically independent citizens who are fully engaged in civic life and able to actively contribute to their communities."



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92041 2006461.jpg News Human Rights Conflict Invest in adolescents' education and training, urges UNICEF IRIN NAIROBI Global Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Billions lack access to life-saving surgery        

More than two billion people, mostly in low-income countries, lack adequate access to life-saving surgical procedures, which is a potential obstacle to achieving health-related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), say specialists.



"It is not news that the poor have worse access to hospital services like surgery. But the size of the population is a shock," said Atul Gawande, associate professor at Harvard School of Public Health and head of the World Health Organization (WHO) initiative, Safe Surgery Saves Lives. 



"Surgery has been a neglected component of public health planning and this clearly needs to change," he added.



Even though a substantial number of diseases worldwide require surgery, residents of higher-income regions undergo 75 percent of surgeries annually, versus the poorest third who account for only 4 percent, according to a 2010 Harvard University School of Public Health study.



Based on profiles of 769 hospitals in 92 countries, wealthier countries had 14 operating theatres per 100,000 people versus two in lower-income regions.



Shortfalls










''Surgery has been a neglected component of public health planning and this clearly needs to change''

A separate February 2010 study of 132 health facilities in eight countries (Sri Lanka, Mongolia, Tanzania, Afghanistan, Sierra Leone, Liberia, The Gambia and São Tomé and Príncipe) revealed infrastructure to be just one of the "enormous shortfalls" in emergency surgical care. 



"Are there staff to assist with surgery? Next, do they have the supplies and equipment necessary to undertake the procedures? . Lastly, do the personnel have the knowledge and capability to treat?" asked Adam Kushner, the study's co-author and founder of the New York City-based NGO, Surgeons OverSeas.



The study highlighted shortages in all those areas. No surveyed centres reported uninterrupted water or electricity (and therefore oxygen supply), with most reporting less than a 50 percent supply of all three.



For MDG 5 (improve maternal health), 44 percent of facilities offered Caesarean sections.



For MDG 6 (combating the spread of HIV/AIDS) 48 percent of the surveyed centres offered male circumcision, recommended by WHO to fight the spread of HIV.



Where are the surgeons?



Specialist surgeons and anaesthetists are scarce where they are most needed, for example, in sub-Saharan Africa, according to a 2010 medical survey published in Plos Medicine of eight district hospitals in Uganda, Mozambique and Tanzania.



In 2008, Uganda had 10 specialist surgeons and 350 anaesthetists for a population of more than 30 million.



In Mali, Mamby Keïta, a surgeon at the country's largest hospital, Gabriel Touré Hospital in the capital Bamako, told IRIN there were three paediatric surgeons nationwide in 2010 to serve an estimated 2.2 million under-five children (2008); four more are in training but not expected to graduate until 2012.



"We also need paediatric anaesthetists. The absence of such technicians limits how many paediatric surgeries we can do," said Keïta.



Stop-gap



To help cover the shortage of local surgeons, there are international doctors serving short-term contracts; NGOs; visiting humanitarian projects such as Operation Smile or the faith-based NGO, Mercy Ships, a hospital at sea that docks for months at a time to offer medical procedures including surgery; or mid-level health workers and nurses.



Non-doctors carried out half of all surgical procedures in the centres surveyed in the Plos Medicine study. Kushner said it was critical to prepare all levels of health workers to carry out emergency surgical procedures - rather than foregoing surgical care.



What next?



A resolution for the next WHO World Health Assembly in May 2011 to create a WHO Department of Surgical Care and Anaesthesia has been circulated to health ministries.



There is still a poor understanding of surgical needs and the cost of foregoing critical care, said Kushner, whose NGO is planning to conduct a study on the overall surgical needs of different communities, rather than focusing only on health facility usage.



"We cannot really understand needs of the population by solely looking at those who actually decide to seek care in hospitals, and survive to receive this care. Our assumption is that more. individuals are dying from a lack of surgical care, but do so before they arrive in hospitals."



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91980 200810149.jpg News Human Rights Health Billions lack access to life-saving surgery IRIN BANGKOK Global Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Prepare now for future migration surge, says IOM        

Decisions taken by local authorities on land use, building regulations and access to health services probably affect migrants more than decisions taken nationally, “yet in most countries, migration policy is set at the national level with little attention to capacity-building at the local level, where policy is usually implemented,” says the new World Migration Report 2010. 



The report, published every two years by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), highlights several such gaps, and explores the extent to which countries are prepared for a surge in migration over the coming decades. The current number of 214 million migrants globally, according to IOM, could rise to 405 million by 2050.



It says new trends in migration could be affected by varying rates of population growth (slowing in the developed world and prompting an even greater demand for labour); environmental change; and shifts in the global economy.



The current “lull” in international migration due to economic recession, IOM says, should be used by countries to prepare for larger flows of people: capacity-building and better managed databases could be areas to look at. The report provides a self-evaluation checklist to help countries and organizations assess their preparedness levels.



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91513 201010210751260211.jpg News Human Rights Migration Prepare now for future migration surge, says IOM IRIN JOHANNESBURG Global Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          NGO probes gaps in tackling anaemia in pregnancy        

Are iron-folic acid tablets difficult to take? Is the packaging appropriate? What are health workers advising? Is the mineral content correct?



These are some of the questions the organization Micronutrient Initiative (MI) is posing in several developing countries – studying women’s use of iron-folic acid supplements to get at why despite widespread coverage “on paper”, anaemia prevalence in pregnant women remains high.



The coverage data does not necessarily reflect how or whether women are taking the supplements, or factors that might deter them.



“We know from efficacy trials that if women take iron-folic acid supplements the prevalence of anaemia in late pregnancy and at delivery is low,” Lynnette Neufeld, MI chief technical adviser, told IRIN.



In most countries where MI works there are high levels of anaemia and folic acid deficiency during pregnancy, despite almost all of the countries having iron-folic acid supplementation for pregnant women in their health policies and including the products in their standard drug procurement lists, she said.



“If these policies and the supplements are in place but we are not seeing improvements, something is amiss.”



Countries’ demographic and health surveys have information about iron-folic acid supplement coverage, but generally the question posed to women is simply whether they received the supplements.



“Our plan is to accumulate specifics from the countries where we work about iron-folic acid supplementation to get a clear understanding of formulation, supply issues, usage and other factors, with the aim of creating programmes more effective in reducing anaemia.”



She noted that so far MI is studying programmes for public distribution of prenatal supplements for the most vulnerable populations.



MI has already done ‘mini situation analyses’ in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia and Pakistan, Neufeld said. In one case researchers found that the dose of iron in the supplements used was much higher than World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations and above the level associated with frequent adverse effects including cramping and heartburn.



Women’s nutrition



Many health experts say in discussions about child malnutrition all too often the importance of women’s nutritional status is overlooked.



“Absolutely the nutritional status of a woman during pregnancy gets neglected,” Neufeld said. “But also if a woman is not well-nourished or is anaemic before she’s pregnant that too will affect her and her child.”



The issue is beginning to get more attention. After consultations in 2007 on anaemia in women, WHO put out a policy statement in 2009 on providing iron-folic acid supplementation to non-pregnant women of child-bearing age.



Improving iron and folate nutrition of women of reproductive age could improve pregnancy outcomes as well as enhance maternal and infant health, WHO says in the policy statement.



“There is growing recognition that you cannot fix [nutritional deficiencies] just once a woman is pregnant,” Neufeld said.



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90722 A mother tends to her baby at a hospital in Bangladesh's northern Siraganj District. Maternal mortality rates in the impoverished nation remain poor and the worst in South Asia. News Human Rights Health NGO probes gaps in tackling anaemia in pregnancy IRIN DAKAR Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Global Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania United Arab Emirates Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Le Royaume-Uni, un modèle pour le financement privé des secours d’urgence         

Le Comité britannique de gestion des urgences liées aux catastrophes (DEC), un organisme fondé il y a plus de 45 ans afin de convaincre les organisations humanitaires de collaborer plutôt que de se livrer concurrence pour récolter des fonds d’urgence, a à ce jour récolté plus de 60 millions de dollars à la suite de son appel de fonds en faveur des crues au Pakistan (indépendamment de l’aide publique britannique).



C’est la deuxième fois cette année, après le séisme en Haïti, que cette machine londonienne bien huilée se met en marche. Et ce modèle est adopté par de plus en plus de pays.



Selon Brendan Gormley, directeur exécutif du comité, les appels de l’organisme s'adressent au grand public, y compris aux personnes qui ne donnent pas régulièrement aux associations caritatives. « Lorsque les gens ont vu quelque chose de terrible à la télévision, ou en ont entendu parler à la radio, quand ils ont vu qu’il est possible de faire quelque chose pour y remédier, nous leur donnons les moyens d’agir facilement. C’est un service centralisé. Nous avons un seul numéro de téléphone, un seul site Internet, les banques reçoivent les fonds sans frais, et notre boîte postale est 999, le numéro des urgences au Royaume-Uni », a-t-il expliqué à IRIN.



En situation d’urgence, les organismes membres, dont Oxfam, la Croix-Rouge britannique, Concern et World Vision, peuvent continuer à recevoir des fonds de leurs propres donateurs, mais ils ne sont pas tenus de faire de la publicité pour obtenir des dons parallèlement à l’appel du DEC.



D’après Jeremie Bodin, directeur de la récolte de fonds d’urgence chez Save the Children Royaume-Uni, les organismes tirent parti d’une campagne publicitaire de grande envergure qu’ils n’auraient pas les moyens d’organiser individuellement. « L’appel télévisé est lancé gratuitement par les opérateurs de télévision. On voit vraiment la différence dans les sommes récoltées et les sommes qui ont dû être dépensées pour récolter ces fonds. Au cours des derniers appels lancés, nous avons constaté que nous recevions normalement entre deux et cinq fois plus que nos revenus normaux ». 



L’inconvénient, pour les organismes, c’est qu’ils perdent leur visibilité auprès du public. « Lorsque les gens donnent, on ne peut pas les recontacter, alors on passe à côté d’une occasion d’obtenir le soutien de nouveaux donateurs », a déploré M. Bodin.



Il n’est pas surprenant que tout organisme dont les campagnes viennent « se greffer » à celles du DEC fasse l’objet d’un ressentiment considérable. Le Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF), par exemple, a lui aussi lancé un appel en faveur du Pakistan en Grande-Bretagne. « Nous perdons notre visibilité au profit d’autres organismes qui ne font pas partie du DEC », a déclaré M. Bodin à IRIN. « L’UNICEF, qui ne fait pas partie du groupe, fait de la publicité en ce moment. Evidemment, il en bénéficie énormément, tandis que nous [chaque organisme] sommes invisibles pendant la période où le DEC lance son appel ». 









« Si la BBC convient que la situation exige de lancer un appel sur le réseau, j’aime à penser que c’est une reconnaissance énorme »

En comparaison, l’appel lancé par Islamic Relief à l’occasion du Ramadan ne fait pas l’objet du même ressentiment ; les organismes reconnaissent que cette campagne avait été planifiée et financée bien avant les crues au Pakistan. Selon M. Gormley, cette campagne est un atout, et non un obstacle à l’appel collectif. « Islamic Relief est membre du DEC et nous l’avons encouragé à collaborer avec d’autres associations caritatives islamiques (Muslim Aid, Muslim Hands) pour assurer que le message sur le Pakistan soit diffusé au plus de monde possible. Chez les musulmans, le Ramadan est une période privilégiée pour donner ».



Rivalités



Compte tenu des rivalités observées au sein de la communauté humanitaire, les « dialogues énergiques », comme les appelle avec diplomatie M. Gormley, sont fréquents au sein du groupe. Ces dialogues portent en partie sur la répartition des fonds récoltés entre les organismes : « C’est probablement, a-t-il indiqué, l’un des éléments délicats de la famille du DEC ». La répartition est réalisée selon une formule fixe, reposant sur les dépenses effectuées par chaque organisme dans le cadre de ses activités humanitaires au cours des trois années précédentes : les sommes allouées vont de 20 pour cent pour les membres les plus importants à un minimum de trois pour cent.



L’autre question délicate porte sur les causes à cibler. Le séisme en Haïti et les crues au Pakistan ont donné lieu à des appels du DEC, mais pas la sécheresse au Niger. Certains organismes membres ont fortement fait pression en faveur d’un appel, mais selon M. Gormley, si le Niger remplissait deux des trois critères imposés par le DEC (les besoins y sont importants et les organismes membres sont en mesure d’y apporter une aide effective), le comité pensait que malgré la couverture efficace de la situation, assurée par la BBC ainsi que d’autres opérateurs, le public britannique n’était pas aussi « réceptif » à la question nigérienne.



Les opérateurs de télévision jouent un rôle essentiel dans le cadre de ces appels, de même que leur crédibilité. « Si la BBC convient que la situation exige de lancer un appel sur le réseau, j’aime à penser que c’est une reconnaissance énorme », explique Paul McCauley, conseiller de la BBC dans le domaine des appels caritatifs. « Bien sûr, ce gendre de drames échappe à tout contrôle, mais généralement ils arrivent à peu près deux fois par an. Lorsque nous lançons un appel au nom du DEC, il doit être tout à fait clair pour le public que nous n’agissons pas à la légère. C’est vraiment quelque chose de très important qui exige une aide immédiate ».



Mais pour lancer un appel télévisé, il faut des images, et des images qui touchent le cœur des spectateurs. Or, malheureusement pour le Niger, la pire famine observée dans le pays survient (inévitablement) après que la dernière graine de la récolte précédente a été semée, et alors que la nouvelle récolte, bien qu’elle soit loin d’être prête, apparaît déjà, verte et luxuriante. Et ce type de « famine verte » est une histoire particulièrement difficile à raconter en images.



En attendant, les images du Pakistan diffusées à la télévision montrent toute l’étendue de la destruction causée par les eaux de crues, à mesure que celles-ci se retirent, et le public britannique continue de donner.



eb/mw/nh/np 90420 News Environment and Disasters Aid and Policy Politics and Economics Le Royaume-Uni, un modèle pour le financement privé des secours d’urgence IRIN DAKAR Afghanistan Africa Armenia Angola Saudi Arabia Azerbaijan Bangladesh Burkina Faso Bahrain Burundi Benin Bhutan Botswana Belarus East Africa DRC Central African Republic Congo Côte d’Ivoire Cameroon Comoros Cape Verde Djibouti Algeria Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Georgia Ghana Great Lakes Global Gambia Guinea Equatorial Guinea Guinea-Bissau HORN OF AFRICA Haiti Indonesia Israel Inde Iraq Iran Jordan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Cambodia Kuwait Kazakhstan Laos Lebanon Sri Lanka Liberia Lesotho Libya Morocco Middle East and North Africa Madagascar Mali Myanmar Mauritania Mauritius Maldives Malawi Moldova Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Nepal Oman Palestine Papua New Guinea Philippines Pakistan Qatar Russia Rwanda Southern Africa South Africa Seychelles Sudan Sierra Leone Senegal Somalia Sao Tome and Principe Syria Swaziland Turkmenistan Chad Togo Thailand Tajikistan Timor-Leste Tunisia Tanzania United Arab Emirates Ukraine Uganda Uzbekistan Vietnam West Africa Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
          Why the West should attack Syria, Uganda and the Bahamas        
This post is not about Syria. I frankly don't have time for Syria, or Egypt for that matter. I don't have time for any political or human calamity that's not Sudan. Why? Well, for starters I'm Sudanese. And frankly, Sudan doesn't get the media coverage it deserves, hence I will give it my all, literally. But that's not what this post is about either. This post is about the world that you and me live in. Just before writing this I was being thoroughly entertained by Baratunde Thurston's How to be Black. Hilarious book. You should get it. Anyway, for some reason it got me thinking about things, and 17 seconds later I cringed. You know why? Because the world is a messed up place. It really is.

I have a Greek friend in Southampton. He's not normal. But in a good way. He told me today that he turned down an invitation for a night out with some other Greeks who were throwing a random Greek guy a going-away party. He told his friend that he "didn't care for socialising with them," and that "they're good library friends." I asked him why he did this, and he said "look, I know him, he's a nice guy, we meet in the library every now and then and talk; but I'm not going to go out to celebrate some random person's departure. I'm an honest person and I didn't know how to convey this to my friend in any other way." He had a point, and he didn't care how his friend was going to interpret it, but then again, that's how he is. He wears the same clothes everyday, a fanny pack that houses his credit card, student card and wallet, and a set of very unattractive earrings. The fact that he wore the same clothes everyday was pointed out to me by some friends a while back, in a dismissive manner. But what they don't understand is that he sees no value for clothes. In fact, had it been socially acceptable, he'd probably walk around naked. The point is, he sees a lot wrong in the world - the inequality and poverty - and he acts accordingly. He wears those earrings in an attempt to lure away people who judge others by their looks, he has no intention of befriending such people. And he literally wears his heart on his sleeves. Anyway, today we were discussing how the world works over some succulent chicken shish kebab, which inadvertently led to this post.

The per capita GDP of the Democratic Republic of Congo is $800, while that of Qatar is just shy of $105,000. So, on paper, the average person living in Qatar is more than a hundred times richer than the average Congolese (if you go into the details it's much worse). Yaya Toure, the Ivorian midfielder for Manchester City Football Club earns around £250,000 a week. A week. And in Equatorial Guinea 70% of the population lives below $2 a day - which is $60 a month, which is around $720 a year. In Sudan, 46.5% of the population lives below the poverty line ($1.25 a day). An average hedge fund owner (whatever hedge funds are) would've probably made $250 million last year. Now, we look at these numbers and think Oh my God so much inequality, what a terrible world we live in, what are all those rich people doing with all that money, why do they need 17 cars and 8 houses, this is unbelievable. Then we read books written by Joseph Stiglitz or Noam Chomsky about the "prosperous few and the restless many", and think yes, these guys are right, the world is not balanced, I totally agree with them, I'm so glad that we see eye to eye, this inequality has got to stop. Then we wake up the next day, go to the shop buy some coffee or cigarettes we can do without, eat an overpriced burger, and buy some shorts and loafers for the summer.

The fact that the world is imbalanced is a thought we carry along with us, but in the back of our minds, we look for it and deploy it at our own convenience, to win an argument or show our sympathy for the less fortunate. But the fact remains that it's in the back of our minds. Unfortunately for us, this imbalance, all this inequality will not go away, ever, if we keep thinking the world is a terrible place. These figures I just quoted are exact to some extent, the Sudanese government might argue otherwise, but they're pretty much accurate, and if you look at them closely they reveal not only that the world is at an all time low, but its continuation is not beneficial, at all. You might like your life and what you're doing, but as long as the world stays like this, and it will, then we've failed as a species. Apparently evolution doesn't tolerate failed species, yet we're still here. We should be gone, one way or another.

It doesn't make sense for people to be allowed to earn billions of dollars, and then be ranked by Forbes in a list that only Britney Spears cares about, while others can't find food to eat. Food. Fucking food. It's offensive. It really is. I had an unfortunate encounter with a friend of my cousin the other day where I made an inappropriate racial comment intending for it to be funny. No one laughed. The friend got offended, and I got an earful. I eventually apologised, reluctantly, and we moved on. But then it occurred to me that we get offended by comments, and we don't get offended by poverty, by the fact that billions of people around the world can't afford to eat or drink water. When one gets offended they feel the need to confront the situation, only then can they move on; whatever it is that offended them then moves to the back of their mind, they never forget it, they can then fetch it at their own convenience. The only thing that allows a person to forget the situation is confrontation. Yet, with inequality, it moves to the back of the mind with no confrontation. Which means that it doesn't offend. It doesn't need a confrontation to ease the process of putting it in the back of the mind. It doesn't make sense to get offended by a comment or a cartoon or a book or an article or a tweet, yet we look at the disparities between the rich and poor and think oh that's just terrible and move on. It doesn't make sense.

It also doesn't make sense that we buy handbags, watches, shoes and other insignificant accessories for thousands of dollars and fail to see the incongruity of it all. It's not our fault though, you and me. It's a bigger issue. It's the fact that we've been brought up to think that it's normal to invest in such asininity, to lend our sympathy to the poor but not care enough to question the reason for the existence of chronic poverty. We've been taught to look at the poor as a demographic, a statistic that can be quoted in posts like this one to prove a theory, raise awareness or question morality. We've also been taught to think that imperialism has ended, that colonisation was a thing of the past, that tomorrow will be better than today, that poverty exists because it's difficult to eradicate, that there isn't enough money to go around. There is enough money to go around. There's more than enough money to go around. The average income in the world is ten times that in Sub-Saharan Africa. This is not a problem that a book can solve, or an Earth Institute at Columbia University can solve. There are rovers on Mars for fuck's sake. There's no point putting men on the moon if men on Earth are starving. There's no point discovering a cure for disease if the only ones getting cured are those who can afford it.

Then we're told Africa's time is now. That Africa is open for business, that it's ripe for investment. Africa has been ripe for investment ever since the Europeans decided in the late 1800's to come over and claim it. Nothing has changed since then. The profits that are made in African countries are invested abroad. The poor see none of it, none. And no one should be commended for providing six jobs for slave labourers. And if that's not enough, the rich in Africa are put forward as paragons of success. We're all told that in order to be successful you have to become rich. And it's true. The rich are idolised. We have to sit and listen to what they have to say. Basically, if you're rich then your opinion counts. Fuck that. I couldn't care less what Mo Ibrahim has to say about African or Sudanese politics. If he really wanted to "help Africa" he would've never made that much money to begin with. There's no problem with being rich, but there's a problem with hypocrisy and self-beneficial charity. This is evident throughout the continent. And we only hear about those lucky enough to exceed expectations and make a lot of money. We hear about them in Forbes lists. Yet, what we don't hear about is that at the same time the poor are still poor. And frankly, whenever Forbes is involved, you know something is wrong. The fact that people are allowed to acquire so much wealth while others are still hungry highlights exactly what the fuck is wrong with the world. Again, we look, we read, we sympathise, we move on.

There are three wars in Sudan, a war in Syria, a political crisis in Egypt, a war in Afghanistan, a war in Congo, a something in Palestine (don't even know what it is anymore), all of which claim lives everyday. For what? Money? Power? Cheese? Whatever the reason, it's never worth it, ever. And the majority of us can't see that. See we all think that it's ridiculous that people could kill each other over land or oil. But they do, we do. Those engaged in wars and those making big decisions are also human. They think, eat, breathe like the rest of us. They too might think the wars are wasteful, but not wasteful enough to be called off. Some people around the world still think that killing people for oil or cocoa beans is worthwhile. And this is not their fault, because the world that we've created allows them to do so. It allows for East Asians to work for a pittance in the Middle East, it allows for billionaires to pop up in countries plagued by poverty, it allows for quarter of a million dollar cars to be driven in countries with no roads or street lights. It allows for alcohol to be advertised like it's a cure for cancer, it allows for Mo Ibrahim to write for the Christian Science Monitor, it allows people to overlook hunger and feel resentment at a set of words.

It's clear now that there's no difference between Obama and Bush, no difference between Al Mahdi and Bashir, or Mubarak or Morsi. The way things are is no coincidence. There will be no eradication of poverty, or solution to the Israel-Palestine conflict. Modern day slavery will continue, most of the money will be controlled by a few, and Rihanna will continue to be a recording artist. So my proposition is simple. Let the West attack Syria, triggering a wave of contempt in the Middle East. Iran and Russia will join in to defend their ally. Israel will help the West in the Golan Heights. China will help Russia. The other Middle Eastern countries will only serve as bases for Western armies, and hence will get targeted by those supporting Syria. Japan will feel the need to join in and retake Pearl Harbour. India will attack Pakistan because during the last guard change the Pakistani guard's legs didn't go up high enough. Bangladesh will join India. Sri Lanka will join Pakistan, which will join Syria and co. The US will realise that it needs oil to fuel the war and will hence build a base in Uganda to secure the newly discovered oil. This move will upset China which is technically already fighting the US in Syria. China will start fighting the US in Sub-Saharan Africa from a Chinese restaurant in Sudan. A suicide bomber defending his country's sovereign rights that have been taken away by the West will blow up a holiday resort in Barbados. Military intelligence will deduce that there's a terrorist cell in the Bahamas, which will then be bombed by the US. Mexico will move in to protect the holiday makers in the Caribbean who form a large segment of the Mexican marijuana market, which is Mexico's largest export. Costa Rica will join Mexico. Brazil will provide ethanol to the US's fighter jets in the Caribbean. The UK will attack Argentina because of unfinished business. Mexico will attack Brazil for supplying the Ethanol, and for speaking Portuguese. This will spark a Spanophone versus Portugophone war in South America. The war in Syria will not go to plan, so the US and UK will ask for France's help. France will reject, and Italy will comply. France will bomb Italy for complying, and for Zidane's red card in the 2006 World Cup final. Germany will bomb France because they've done it before. Belgium will close its door and no one can come inside. Spain will close down Zara, this will cause outrage in the Middle East. A wealthy suicide bomber will blow up a mall in Spain. Eastern Europe will gain dependence and become part of Russia again, and join the war in Syria. As a contingency plan the US sends a nuclear missile towards Norway. Norway attacks Sweden for having more blonde people. Anyone with access to a nuclear arsenal will start entering coordinates. Nuclear missiles will be fired into Syria, Uganda and the Bahamas for maximum possible damage. Everybody dies.

The only solution is that we start over. From zero. From the first organism and earliest methanogensis. There's no other way. So tell your congressmen and MP's. The world needs the war on Syria - and the other two countries - more than anything else. And I'm sure my Greek friend will agree.

Disclaimer: Egypt was not mentioned in the scuffle because the world doesn't revolve around Egypt.
          Nigeria crash out of 2015 Nations cup race        

The Bafana Bafana of South Africa have denied the Super Eagles of Nigeria a place at Equatorial Guinea 2015 in Uyo, Nigeria.

South Africa had earlier won the group before playing their final qualification match in Nigeria, but the African champions failed to capitalise on home advantage as they played out a 2-2 draw at the Nest of champions stadium.
                                              inspired news
The visitors took the lead in the 42nd minute after Nigeria had missed several chances. Ahmed Musa rattled the crossbar in the early minutes of the encounter.

The free flowing style of play exhibited by the South Africans unsettled the sluggish and weak Nigerian defence line.
The quartet of Juwon Oshaniwa,Azubuike Egwueke, Kenneth Omeruo and Efe Ambrose couldn't prevent the 1996 champions from claiming a point in Uyo.

Omatsone Aluko scored a brace to earn Nigeria a 2-2 draw at home.

Stephen Keshi was earlier sacked by the Nigerian Football Federation after a poor showing in the first four matches of the campaign.

The team eventually finished 3rd with 8 points from 6 games.

The strong headed Keshi refused to invite top Nigerian players like Victor Anichebe, Chinedu Ogbuke and Sammy Amoebi.

The defending champions won't be in Equatorial Guinea between January 19th and February 2015.


          African teams and their nicknames        

One common thing among African teams is the uniqueness in their nicknames. While some of them of using animals like lion, antelopes and squirrels, others are comfortable with their national emblem.
                                          Mike Beat Place
Algeria
The senior national team of this country is called the Desert foxes. The  Algerians have won the African cup of nations once. The team conquered the continent on home soil in 1990. They have made four appearances at the FIFA World cup.
They reached the second round of the Brazil 2014 World cup.

Angola
The South African nation has never won any notable tournament till date. The Palacas Negras of Angola made their first and only appearance at the World cup in 2006. Angola denied Nigeria a place at Germany 2006.

Burkina Faso
The stallions of Burkina Faso made the headlines of African football for the right reasons in 2013. The team reached the final of the nations cup before losing to Nigeria. Jonathan Pitriopa emerged as the best player of the tournament.
                                            Health Info
Cameroon
The Central African nation has won the African cup of nations four times. Their last victory was in 2002. The Indomitable lions have made seven appearances at the World cup. The country also finished second in the FIFA confederations  cup in 2003.

Egypt
The Pharaohs of Egypt are the most successful African team with seven titles to their kitty. Unfortunately, their last appearance at the World cup was in 1990. The North African nation have also excelled at the club level. Al Ahly have won the CAF champions  league 8 times, while Zamalek can boast of 5 titles. Al Ahly also finished 3rd at the FIFA club world cup in 2005. Hossam Hassan has the highest caps for the country.
                                        African news
Ethiopia
The antelopes hosted the first edition of the African cup of nations in 1957. They have never qualified for the World cup. The current squad is known for playing entertaining football.

Gabon
The Azingo national is one of the most improved nations in African football in recent times. The nation co-hosted the AFCON tournament with Equatorial Guinea in 2012. Their women team are the reigning African champions.

Ghana
The Black stars have won the African title on 4 occasions, though their last victory was in 1982. The West African nation made their debut at the World cup in 2006. They have played in three of the global mundial.

Kenya
The Harambee stars have played numerous World cup qualifiers, but they have never made it to the World stage. The East African nation are seeking for their first African title.

Liberia
The lone stars have produced the only African to have won the World best player award. George Opon Weah won the award in 1995. He also emerged as the African and European player of the year in the same season. Liberia have not won any notable title in their history.
                                          Sundiatapost
Mali
The Eagles of Mali are gradually getting close to the summit of African football. The team finished third at the AFCON tournament in 2013 after beating Ghana in the losers final. They are seeking for their first World cup appearance. Seydou Keita is the most successful player to have come from that country. Frederick Kanoute won the African player of the year in 2007 while playing for Sevilla.

Morocco
The Atlas lions of Morocco will host the 2015 edition of the AFCON tournament in January. Rabat is the capital city of this beautiful North African nation. The national team has played at the World cup and also emerged as African kings in 1976. Raja Casablanca has won the CAF champions league while FAR Rabat can also boast of winning the CAF confederations cup in 2004. Nurudeen Naybet and Mostapha Hadji are the most successful players from Morocco. Hadji was the best player on the continent in 1998.

Part 2 of this article will soon be published.

Follow the writer on twitter here


          Equatorial Guinea - National Anthem        

          EQUATORIAL GUINEA : Taleveras preparing to negotiate conditions for its new block        
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          Gold Price in Equatorial Guinea        
Gold price in Equatorial Guinea today's current latest updated gold rates in Equatorial Guinea.
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