'Erdogan is âlooking for âimaginedâ foreign enemies to boost his nationalist base in the run-up to the referendum,â said Soner Cagaptay, the director of the Turkish Research Programme at the Washington Institute.'
'European leaders have told Recep Tayyip Erdogan to avoid inflammatory language while Ankara threatened sanctions against the Netherlands as diplomatic relations between Turkey and several EU members soured dramatically.
On Monday, the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, responded by pledging her âfull support and solidarityâ to the Netherlands, calling Erdoganâs Nazi jibes âcompletely unacceptableâ.
The Netherlands, Austria, Germany, Denmark and Switzerland have cited security and other concerns for their reluctance to allow Turkish officials to campaign in their countries.
Erdogan is âlooking for âimaginedâ foreign enemies to boost his nationalist base in the run-up to the referendum,â said Soner Cagaptay, the director of the Turkish Research Programme at the Washington Institute.'
Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood, Menulis Hingga Nafas Berakhir
Ia mendapat ijazah dibidang Teologi Kristen. Namun pengetahuan Kristen-nya yang begitu mendalam menjadikan dia mencintai Islam. Ingin terus menulis hingga akhir hayat Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood dilahirkan pada tahun 1942 di kota London, Inggris. Ruqayyah merupakan salah satu penulis buku-buku Islam paling produktif. telah menghasilkan lebih dari 30 buku berkenaan dengan Islam. Buku-bukunya termasuk best seller dan menjadi referensi serta rujukan di berbagai negara. Awalnya dia dibesarkan dalam lingkungan Kristen Protestan. Nama asalnya ialah Rosalyn Rushbrook . Dia memperoleh ijazah dalam bidang Teologi Kristen dari Universitas Hull tahun 1963. Pengetahuan Kristennya begitu mendalam hingga dia menulis beberapa buah buku, tentang Kristen. Tapi rupanya, karena pengetahuannya yang begitu mendalam tentang Kristen pula yang menyadarkannya. Ia dapati ajaran Kristen telah banyak menyimpang, terutama yang berkaitan dengan konsep Trinitas. Akhirnya tahun 1986, diusia 44 tahun, dia memeluk Islam. Tahun 2001 dia dianugerahkan Muhammad Iqbal Awards karena sumbangannya yang tinggi dalam pengembangan metodologi pengajaran Islam. Bahkan Maret 2004 Ruqayyah terpilih sebagai salah satu dari 100 wanita berprestasi di dunia. Berikut rangkuman kehidupannya dikutip dari berbagai sumber. Orang beriman tak takut dengan penderitaan hidup; tak takut dengan kematian; juga tak takut dengan kehidupan setelah dunia ini; karena Allah bersama mereka. Mereka tak sendirian, Allah selalu menemani dan membimbingnya. Allah itu nyata, Dia menyayangi kamu. Dia mengetahui semua kesukaran yang kamu hadapi dalam perjuangan. Bahkan, jika kamu berbuat salah, Dia masih tetap mencintaimu.ï¾ ~Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood~ Bait-bait kalimat di atas menggambarkan betapa teguhnya hati seorang Ruqayyah. Bait penuh makna itu diadopsinya dari ayat-ayat suci Al-Quran. Dia memang menumpukan setiap tulisannya dengan memasukkan petuah-petuah dari Al-Quran dan hadis Nabi Muhammad SAW. Ruqayyah Waris Maqsood yang diilahirkan tahun 1942 di London, Inggris, pada ada usia 8 tahun telah jadi seorang anak yang memiliki komitmen yang tinggi dengan Kristen sebagai hasil dari panggilan hatinya. Setelah menamatkan program sarjana ilmu teologi (1963) dan master bidang pendidikan (1964) dari Universitas Hull, dia selama hampir 32 tahun mengelola program studi ilmu-ilmu keagamaan di berbagai sekolah dan perguruan tinggi di Inggris. Dia menikah dengan penyair Georg Morris Kendrick pada tahun 1964. Dari perkawinannya dengan Georg mereka memiliki dua orang anak, Daniel George lahir 1968 dan Frances Elisabeth Eva lahir 1969. Tahun 1986 pasangan itu bercerai. Tahun itu pula masuk Islam dan tahun 1990 menikah lagi dengan pria keturunan Pakistan, Waris Ali Maqsood namanya. ï¾Saat ini Islam dicap sebagai agama bermasalah. Sangat tidak adil. Karena itu saya berupaya menulis untuk memperbanyak literatur-literatur Islam. Harapa saya agar, melalui tulisan-tulisan itu, dapat membantu memperbaiki atmosfir yang kurang berpihak ke Islam,ï¾ cetusnya. ï¾Saya sangat tertarik menggeluti sejarah Islam, terutama tentang kehidupan wanita-wanita di sekitar Nabi Muhammad. Saya acapkali meng-counter kampanye anti Islam yang mendiskreditkan wanita Muslim,ï¾ kata dia. Best seller Mau tahu seberapa produktifnya dia? Catat saja, sewaktu masih bernama Rosalyn Rushbrook dia menghasilkan 9 buah buku yang umumnya berisi isu agama. Dan satu volume buku kumpulan puisi. Lalu selepas hijrah ke Islam, dia menghasilkan sekitar 30 buah buku. Saat ini dia memiliki 9 buah buku yang masih dalam proses penerbitan. Dia juga menulis berbagai artikel di majalah maupun koran yang berkaitan dengan Islam dan Muslim. Salah satu sumbangannya yang paling penting bagi komunitas Islam adalah The Muslim Marriage Guide (Petunjuk Pernikahan bagi Muslim). Buku itu menjadi rujukan dan direkomendasikan, tidak saja untuk pasangan yang akan menikah namun juga bagi mereka yang telah lama mengarungi bahtera rumah tangga. Bagi kalangan non Muslim, terutama yang sedang mendalami Islam, tentu saja buku Ruqayyah menjadi referensi yang sangat berharga. Dalam buku yang bernilai tinggi itu dia menggambarkan kehidupan Nabi Muhammad SAW dan para sahabatnya dilengkapi dengan petunjuk, tatacara dan hukum perkawinan. Tak hanya dia juga menguraikan bagaimana pertalian suami istri dalam hal warisan dan sejenisnya. Jadi sangat terpadu dan lengkap. Ruqayyah pernah diundang oleh Hodder Headlines untuk menulis buku Islam for the World Faiths (Islam bagi Penganut Agama se-Dunia). Saat ini buku itu telah dicetak sebanyak tiga kali dan termasuk salah satu buku best seller. Tak hanya buku-buku kategori ï¾beratï¾, dia juga menulis buku-buku tentang bimbingan konseling bagi remaja Islam. Juga ada beberapa buku saku, antara lain; a Guide for Visitors to Mosques, a Marriage Guidance booklet, Muslim Womenï¾s Helpline. Bukunya di Indonesia banyak diterbitkan oleh Mizan. Misalnya Menciptakan Surga Rumah Tangga. Lalu buku bimbingan untuk remaja berjudul Menyentuh Hati Remaja. Buku itu mengulas seputar solusi untuk mengatasi problema-problema remaja. ï¾Mengapa hidup kita di dunia ini kadang-kadang berlalu dalam keadaan sulit. Ada cerita terkenal tentang seorang petani Afrika yang menanam rami. Ia harus menanamnya dalam keadaan yang sulit, dengan kondisi tanah yang mematahkan punggung dan dengan sedikit hujan untuk menyiraminya. Ketika ia pindah ke tempat yang iklimnya lebih bersahabat, ia membawa beberapa tanaman rami tersebut, dengan pikiran bahwa tanamana ini akan mudah tumbuh di tempat yang baru. Ya, tanaman itu memang tumbuh, besar, hijau dan subur; tetapi ketika ia mencabut batang itu untuk mengeluarkan seratnya, ternyata batangnya tidak berisi serat kecuali ampas. Tanaman itu memerlukan kondisi sulit untuk mengembangkan kekuatan batangnya,ï¾ tulis Ruqayyah dalam buku bimbingan remajanya, dengan perumpamaan yang gampang dimengerti remaja dan juga memberi motivasi hidup. Silabus Islam ï¾Saya juga diminta menulis buku teks yang dipakai secara luas di Inggris selama hampir 20 tahun. Buku-buku teks itu dipakai oleh kalangan pribadi, muallaf, dan pelajar-pelajar sekolah umum dan madrasah. Tidak saja di Inggris tapi juga di beberapa negara lainnya,ï¾ begitu katanya. Ya, memang Ruqayyah juga sibuk menulis buku-buku teks yang banyak dijadikan rujukan. Ia membantu mengembangkan silabus bagi pelajar sekolah agama, bekerjasama dengan dinas pendidikan setempat. Silabusnya tergolong unik, dibuat khusus agar pelajar mandiri. Jadi, tanpa guru atau fasilitas tetap bisa jalan. Silabusnya dirancang untuk pelajar sekolah dasar hingga perguruan tinggi. Menariknya lagi, bisa dipakai untuk pendidikan formal, non formal, misal di rumah, bahkan juga di penjara. Pokoknya untuk dimana saja. Menjadi tutor jarak jauh (distance learning) untuk Asosiasi Peneliti Muslim (AMR) adalah aktifitas lainnya. Aktifitas mengajarnya juga padat. Banyak negara telah disambanginya, diantaranya AS, Kanada, Denmark, Swedia, Finlandia, Irlandia dan Singapura. Ruqayyah juga mengajar di beberapa universitas yang ada di Inggris seperti Oxford, Cambridge Edinburg, Glasgow dan Manchester. Juga mengajar di School of Oriental and Arabic Studies di London. Atas aktifitas dan jasanya itu ia menerima Muhammad Iqbal Award tahun 2001 atas kreatifitasnya dalam mengembangkan pembelajaran Islam. Dialah muslim pertama Inggris yang pernah menerima anugerah bergengsi tersebut. Tak hanya itu, Maret 2004 Ruqayyah terpilih sebagai salah satu dari 100 wanita berprestasi di dunia. Dalam ajang pemilihan Daily Mailï¾s Real Women of Achievement, dia termasuk satu dari tujuh orang wanita berprestasi dalam kategori keagamaan. Menulis dan Terus Menulis Majalah Islam, Emel pernah menanyakan adakah ia merasa lelah dengan seabrek aktifitasnya itu serta bagaimana membagi waktu menulis dan mengurus rumah tangga, misalnya di kesibukannya dengan para cucunya. ï¾Saya sangat ketat dengan waktu. Bertahun-tahun saya menjalani itu dan sudah jadi irama hidup saya, hingga semua jadi mudah. Saya biasanya menulis malam hari. Kala semua telah tidur, hingga tak ada yang mengganggu saya. Jam 4 pagi saya bangun untuk shalat subuh. Selepas itu saya tidur sejenak hingga jam 8 pagi. Beraktifitas lagi dan siangnya saya ambil waktu untuk istirahat,ï¾ ujarnya. ï¾Kerja saya sehari-hari ya menulis. Kini ada lebih dari 40 buku telah diterbitkan. Belum lama saya telah menyelesaikan satu manuskrip yang sangat tebal tentang Kehidupan Rasulullah SAW. Buku berjudul ï¾The Life of Prophet Muhammadï¾ itu diterbitkan oleh Islamic Research Institute of Islamabad tahun 2006 silam,ï¾ katanya. Tentang pembajakan buku-buku, Ruqayyah mengaku sedih dengan tingginya kasus pembajakan buku terutama di negara-negara Islam. ï¾Kenyataan saat ini banyak buku-buku Islam yang dibajak dan pembajaknya adalah orang Islam sendiri. Sedih bukan? ï¾ ujarnya risau. Tentang Yesus Dia memiliki pengetahuan Kristen begitu mendalam. Dengan pengetahuannya itu Ruqayyah bergerak atas inisiatif sendiri mencari kebenaran berdasar kajian-kajian ilmiahnya. Namun akhirnya dia meninggalkan agamanya itu setelah bergulat bertahun-tahun dalam pencarian atas pertanyaan-pertanyaannya tentang konsep teologi Trinitas. Dia tak menemukan apa-apa. Jadi Ruqayyah memeluk Islam murni berdasar latar belakang pengetahuannya dan kajian mendalam tentang ajaran ketuhanan, baik dalam Islam dan Kristen. Seperti kebanyakan muallaf lainnya, dia menyebut dirinya telah ï¾kembaliï¾ menjadi Muslim. Kini dia memperjuangkan Islam lewat tulisan dan buku-bukunya. Dalam sebuah wawancara dengan sebuah media, dia ditanya perihal konsep Islam tentang Nabi Isa yang dalam ajaran Kristen disebut Yesus. ï¾Di negara Barat ada ajaran ilmu etika berinti pada cinta dan kasih Tuhan dan tolong menolong sesama manusia. Itu semua diajarkan juga oleh semua nabi termasuk di dalamnya, tentu saja, Nabi Muhammad SAW. Kami orang Islam juga meyakini Nabi Isa sebagai salah satu nabi yang diutus Allah,ï¾ kata Ruqayyah. ï¾Sebelum Nabi Isa datang, nabi-nabi terdahulu membawa ajaran Yahudi. Kami juga beriman dengan nabi-nabi terdahulu yang diutus kepada umat-umat sebelum Islam datang, Yahudi adalah salah satu agama samawi juga. Nabi Isa datang membawa ajaran Kristen itu kami yakni juga. Kemudian Nabi Muhammad diutus Allah membawa ajaran Islam dan tugas Isa AS telah selesai, Jadi tidak seperti dipahami ajaran Kristen dengan konsep Trinitasnya yang menyatakan Yesus itu anak Tuhan. Dia memang dilahirkan dari seorang ibu, Maryam. Tanpa ayah. Jadi jangan lantas disebut sebagai anak Tuhan. Itu kuasa Allah. Jika Allah katakan ï¾jadiï¾, maka jadilah,ï¾ imbuhnya lagi. Apakah Nabi Muhammad diutus karena misi Nabi Isa dianggap telah gagal? Demikian cocoran pertanyaan menohok media tersebut. ï¾Kami tidak beriman dengan itu, bahwa misi Nabi Isa gagal. Kami beriman, dia (Isa AS) adalah salah satu utusan Allah yang terbaik bagi umatnya. Contoh dan tunjuk ajarnya ditiru oleh jutaan pengikutnya kala itu. Jika kemudian, umatnya rusak, itu bukannya karena ajaran atau misi Isa AS itu rusak lantas dikatakan gagal. Lalu untuk menyelamatkan umatnya, menghapus dosa umatnya, Isa digambarkan (dalam Kristen) mengorbankan dirinya dengan disalib. Tidak begitu. Inilah yang saya katakana ajaran Kristen telah menyimpang dari aslinya,ï¾ terangnya. Cyber counsellor Salain menulis, kesibukan lainnya adalah sebagai seorang konselor. Melalui internet, ia aktif menjawab dan membantu konseling. ï¾Kegiatan lain saya adalah mengasuh bimbingan konseling online melalui e-mail hingga dijuluki sebagai cyber councellor. Tiap hari sedikitnya ada 50 e-mail yang saya terima. Kebanyakan berasal dari orang-orang minta nasehat, karena masalah budaya, perkawinan, dan bahkan masalah ketuhanan. Kebanyakan dari mereka adalah orang-orang yang dalam masa pencarian, mereka ingin tahu apa itu Islam. Bahkan ada juga dari orang yang bermaksud menyerang Islam. Kami saling bertukar pendapat. Banyak juga e-mail berisi pengaduan-pengaduan yang sifatnya sangat pribadi. Saya ini persis seperti ï¾ibu atau tanteï¾ bagi mereka dalam menyelesaikan persoalan-persoalan pribadi,ï¾ ungkap Ruqayyah senang. Begitupun dia mengaku sedikit sedih dengan kenyataan masih banyak kalangan Islam yang bertingkah laku kurang baik. Tidak Islami. Hingga merusak wajah Islam sendiri. ï¾Sebagai contoh di Barat, banyak anak-anak muda Arab dan Asia yang bergaul bebas dengan gadis-gadis kulit putih tanpa memperhatikan kaedah Islam. Sedihnya lagi, ada yang sampai mengandung tanpa ikatan agama. Seringnya si wanita kemudian masuk Islam. Memang baik, tapi saya kira ini bukan jalan menuju Islam yang benar,ï¾ keluhnya. Begitulah, Ruqayyah kini mengisi hari tuanya di sudut kota London dengan menulis, mengasuh para cucunya, disamping juga berbagi ilmu keislamannya dengan non muslim melalui dialog antar umat beragama. Dia menyisihkan waktunya berkunjung ke sekolah-sekolah dan gereja untuk menjelaskan Islam dan memberikan pengetahuan dasar-dasar Islam. Dia berjuang keras menyadarkan berbagai pihak dengan berbagai latar kehidupan yang berbeda agar dapat saling menghargai. [Zulkarnain Jalil/www.hidayatullah.com]
Sejarah jaringan komputer global ( dunia ), dimulaipada tahun 1969, ketika Departemen Pertahan Amerika, membentuk Defense Advance Research Projects Agency ( DARPA ) yang bertujuan mengadakan riset mengenai âcara menghubungkan sejumlah komputer sehingga membentuk jaringan organikâ.
Program riset ini kemudian dikenal dengan nama ARPANET ( Advance Research projects Agency Network ). pada tahun 1970, lebih dari 10 komputer telah berhasil dihubungkan ( satu dengan yang lain ), saling berkomunikasi, dan membentuk sebuah jaringan. pada atahun 1972, Roy Tomlinson berhasil menyempurnakan program e-mail yang ia ciptakan setahun yang lalu untuk riset ARPANET.
Program e-mail tersebut begitu mudah dan lansung populer saat itu. pada tahun yang sama, icon [@] diperkenalkan sebagai lambang yang menunjukkan âatâ atau âpadaâ. Tahun 1973, jaringan komputer yang diberi nama ARPANET mulai dikembangkan meluas sampai luar Amerika Serikat. komputer di University College di London merupakan komputer diluar Amerika yang menjadi anggota jaringan ARPANET. pada tahu yang sama pula, dua orang ahli komputer Vinton Cerf dan Bob Khan mempresentasikan sebuah gagasan yang lebih besar yang menjadi cikal bakal pemikiran International Network. ide ini dipresentasikan untuk pertama kalinya di Sussex University. Hari bersejarah berikutnya terjadi pada tanggal 26 Maret 1976. ketika itu, ratu Inggris berhasil mengirimkan sebuah e-mail dari Royal Signals and Radar Establishment di Malvern. setahun kemudian, lebih dari 100 komputer telah bergabung dalam system ARPANET dan membentuk sebuah jaringan atau Network. Pada tahun 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis, dan Steve Bellovin menciptakan Newsgroups pertama yang diberi nama USENET ( User Network ). pada tahun 1981, France Telecommenciptakan sebuah gebrakan baru dengan meluncurkan telepon televisi pertama dunia ( orang dapat saling menelepon sambil berinteraksi denagan Video link ). seiring dengan bertambahnya komputer yang membentuk jaringan, dibutuhkan sebuah protokol resmi yang dapat diakui dan diterima oleh semua jaringan. untuk itu, pada tahun 1982 dibentuk sebuah komisi Transmission Control Protocol ( TCP ) atau lebih dikenal dengan sebutan Internet Protocol ( IP ) yang kita kenal hingga saat ini. sementara itu, didaratan Eropa muncul sebuah jaringan tandingan yang dikenal dengan Europe Network ( EUNET ) yang meliputi wilayah Belanda, Inggris, Denmark, dan Swedia. Jaringan eunet ini menyediakan jasa e-mail dan newsgroup USENET.
Untuk menyeragamkan alamat jaringan komputer yang sudah ada, pada tahun 1984 diperkenalkan system dengan nama DOMAIN yang lebih dikenal dengan Domain Name System ( DNS ). dengan system DNS, komputer yang tersambung dengan jaringan melebihi 1.000 komputer. pada tahun 1987 diperkirakan komputer yang tersambung ke jaringan tersebut melonjak 10 kali lipat menjadi 10.000 komputer lebih. Tahun 1988, Jarkko Oikarinen berkebangsaan Finlandia menemukan sekaligus memperkenalkan Internet Relay Chat atau lebih dikenal dengan IRC yang memungkinkan dua orang atau lebih pengguna komputer dapat berinteraksi secara langsung dengan pengiriman pesan ( Chatting ). akibatnya, setahun kemudian jumlah komputer yang saling berhubungan melonjak 10 kali lipat. tak kurang dari 100.000 komputer membentuk sebuah jaringan.pertengahan tahun 1990 merupakan tahun yang paling bersejarah, ketika Tim Berners Lee merancang sebuah programe editor dan browser yang dapat menjelajai komputer yang satu dengan yang lainnya dengan membentuk jaringan. programe inilah yang disebut WWW atau World Wide Web.
Tahun 1992, komputer yang saling tersambung membentuk jaringan sudah melampaui lebih dari stau juta komputer. pada tahun yang sama muncul satu istilah yang beken, yaitu Surfing ( Menjelajah ). tahun 1994, situs-situs Dunia mulai tumbuh dengan subur ( setidaknya, saat itu terdapat 3.000 alamat halaman ) dan bentuk pertama kalinya Virtual Shopping atau e-retail muncul diberbagai situs. Dunia langsung berubah dengan diluncurkannya perusahaan Search Engine Pertama, yaitu Yahoo!. yang dibangun oleh David Filo dan Jerry yang pada bulan April 1994. Netscape Navigator 1.0. diluncurkan dipenghujung tahun 1994.
------------ Note 1: It is after a long time that I want to write about an (Indian) movie!
Note 2: Considering that Haider is adapted from a well-known (and arguably the most famous) Shakespearean play, The tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, I will go easy with spoilers and without warning. And for those unfamiliar with tragedies by Shakespeare, spoiler alert, everybody dies. ------------
I knew Vishal Bhardwaj has a fetish for Shakespeare. Haider is the final installment of his trilogy spanning Maqbool (Macbeth) and Omkara (Othello) before this. Shakespeare's influence on him is also evident in his outings not based on plays, most notably in Matru ki Bijlee ka Mandola, and less visibly in 7 khoon maaf, and Ishqiya among others. But this is also a man who truly loves cinema and adores the medium. So much that the characters of Rosencrantz and Guildenstern from the original play are depicted as Salman and Salman, a duo which run a VHS rental store, idling their time away to the moves of Salman Khan, the rising superstar from the 1990s. It is a fitting tribute to the time and place in which Vishal Bhardwaj grew up as a filmmaker.
I mention this because I wager this man is heavily influenced in his style by another man who adores cinema, Quentin Tarantino, a director famous for his revenge epics. With all the bloody gruesomeness that leaves its trail along a saga of revenge, the conflicts, the deliberations, the mess - how cool is it that our home-grown director does homage to Tarantino's trademark trunk shot and ends Haider with a sampling straight from his movies (edit: my bad. The sampling at the end of Haider is from Extreme Ways.)
Set in the mid-1990s in Kashmir, the story embeds itself flawlessly in the setting, rather than it just being a background setup for the events adapted from the original play.
Jhelum, jhelum dhoonde kinara
Jhelum, jhelum dhoonde kinara
Dooba sooraj, kin aankhon mein
Sooraj dooba, kin aankhon mein
Jhelum huya khaara
This has to be Shahid Kapoor's highlight performance of his career yet. I was skeptical about this casting choice from the trailers, but boy was I wrong. The amount of preparation he put behind this role shows. The monologue scene in front of an audience at the town square is exaggerated just the right amount, and the execution of the play-within-a-play exposition scene from the original is neat. His costumes, makeup, body language, all fit together seamlessly as he owns his character.
Hai ki hai nahi, bas yehi sawaal hai
Aur sawaal ka jawab bhi sawaal hai.
Dil ki agar sunoon to hai, dimaag ki to hai nahin
Jaan loon ki jaan doon, mai rahoon ki mai nahin.
And what a find Shraddha Kapoor is! Elegant, charming, poised, controlled, absolutely not afraid to let her eyes to the talking, and leaves you yearning for more. I wish I was there to see her keeping a straight face as she mispronounces 'loved' as 'love-edd' as they were filming it! I, for one, definitely want to see her do meaningful roles in the future. Irrfan Khan delivers a spirited punch during his meager screen time, playing the ghost from the play.
But the highlight performance in the movie has to be Tabu's, arguably her career's best, atleast in a very long time. A delight she is as she sets the screen on fire bringing her character to life. There is a scene in which she is trying to convince Haider to leave Kashmir for a better future. With her teary, swollen eyes, and a gun pointed to her head, she ultimately gets her way. I cannot imagine another actress from around here who can pull that off with such elegance.
"Vaishi bhediyaa ban chuka hai wo."
"Shukr hai aasteen ka saanp nahi banaa."
Vishal Bhardwaj, with his direction and music (for Gulzar's excellent lyrics), tops himself. Being true to the source material and still making it his own, he comes out triumphant. He is at the top of his game here. Kashmir has been shot so delicately! (I want to go there ASAP! And we we don't need foreign locations!) The gravedigger scene, in particular, is the crowning jewel, a scene which drips with his love and affection for his craft.
Arre aao na, ki jaan gayi, jahaan gaya, kho jaao
Arre aao na, ke thak gayi, hai zindagi, so jaao
I might have profusely appreciated the movie thus far, but the movie is not without its gripes. I'll start with the anachronisms. In one of the best and most important scenes in the movie, the play-within-a-play scene, there is a mobile cellular tower prominently visible throughout in the background. Forgetting for a moment that we did not have cellular networks in the 1990s, its presence is distracting. I would have expected this to come up in post-processing/editing, especially when a viewer is able to catch it in first viewing. This is the kind of attention-to-detail I would expect from a director of his caliber. Then, to depict Bangalore, they used footage of the iconic Domlur flyover here. Again, its construction hadn't started as late as 2003, and the footage of sprawling flyovers plastered suddenly coming from the valleys of Kashmir moments ago is jarring to say the least.
Also, in my opinion, the Oedipus aspects of the play were overplayed in the movie. It wasn't necessary. Not as much. But my major complaint is how they handled the character of Ophelia. Transforming it into a childhood love, and having scenes of brimming romance between Haider and Arshia feels out-of-place in a Shakespearean revenge epic such as Hamlet.
But hey, the movie is probably a little too "heavy" already for Indian audiences, and removing the little romance might have aggravated it, so what do I know? I am sure it took enough courage already to deal with the Censor Board's scissors and to release this film pitted against the 24,000-screens-release of multi-starrer blockbuster Bang Bang.
I can already read some negative Internet chatter around 1) The depiction of Kashmir; 2) It being a heavily political movie; and 3) "maa bete ka rishta". Please, folks, can we let art remain art? Pretty please?
I cannot recommend this movie enough. Please go watch it, something like this comes rarely in our country. Thank you Vishal Bhardwaj for making Haider.
I stayed in the Guesthouse for about 1 month from March - April. This was my second stay in the Guesthouse, and again, I give both CYC and the Guesthouse my very best recommendations. This time I had the honor of living together with a Syrian, a British and three Italians. Since my last stay, there's been installed Solar, which means that there is now electricity 24/7 in the Guesthouse :) As always, I was welcomed by the staff and the residents of Shatila, and it was an amazing month of great experiences. When living in Shatila, I recommend that you do all of your shopping in the camp. When buying groceries, falafel or new shoes, one always end up with a new friend and amazing, real-life stories from the residents of Shatila <3 Freja, Denmark.
CHARLOTTE, N.C. — Thorbjorn Olesen of Denmark rolled in a 30-foot birdie putt on the final hole for a 4-under 67 and a one-shot lead among early starters in a PGA Championship that was making it hard for Jordan Spieth and just about everyone else at Quail Hollow. Not since 2010 at Whistling Straits has […]
With just a matter of days, weeks, months and minutes until England fly out to Brazil before flying back again either having done well or not so well at the FIFA World Cup, Wednesdayâs friendly fixture against Denmark afforded boss Roy Hodgson the ideal opportunity to not only evaluate potential candidates for places in the […]
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Farum Park is a football stadium, located in Farum, Denmark and is the home ground of FC NordsjÃ¦lland. It has a capacity of 10,100 of which 9,800 are seated. Farum Park is the first stadium in the Danish Superliga with an artificial turf, installed in 2012. The grass is from Limonta Sport - a leading company in the production and distribution of synthetic grass for sports. Farum Park is a modern stadium with LED-banners, a hotel with 48 rooms and a fitness center.
This week marks the debut of my bi-weekly (or so) column for the AlwaysOn Network, Silicon Valley's premier online social networking venue (and unofficially linked to Silicon Valley's premier in person social networking venue, the Churchill Club; I'm a member of both). I will be sharing "Letter from China" columnist duties with Paul Waide, the head of Pacific Epoch, a Shanghai-based boutique consultancy that advises hedge funds on alternative investments in China. My first column is on Shanghai and a couple/few forthcoming columns will examine cultural differences between Chinese Nationals, Chinese-Americans and Anglo-Americans, especially within the context of IT and IT marketing. I will post my AlwaysOn "Letter from China" columns to this blog/e-newsletter, although please be advised that my intended audience are readers based in Silicon Valley.
In the referenced "Grudge Match," China was pitted against Europe. China received 45% of the votes in contrast to Europe's 55%. Frankly, I'm surprised that China did so well. I've found that the AO "Grudge Match" results tend to indicate sentiment more so than reality. For example, a recent match pitted SpaceShipOne against NASA and SSO absolutely clobbered NASA (besides, perhaps most of the votes for NASA came from either Ames or the Blue Cube). Of course, SSO is a high school science experiment compared to what NASA is doing, but I believe the results accurately reflect sentiment.
But what is amazing (to me, at least) is that China was pitted against Europe in the first place! Let's face it, this is a rather goofy "grudge match." For Europe to include First World nations such as Germany, France, the U.K., Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark (yes, some countries are intentionally left out) -- and to compare the collective whole of First World Europe (a.k.a. "Western Europe") to China is absurd. If this was First World Europe vs. China circa 2020, okay. But TODAY? Yet, the sentiment indicator showed a strong vote in favor of China. Europe "won," but barely.
I propose the following "grudge match": China vs. "Eastern Europe" (i.e., the former Soviet Bloc). Look, if China can do so well against Europe as a whole (including First World Europe), I'm sure China would absolutely kick Second World Europe's butt!! And a China "grudge match" against Eastern Europe more accurately reflects current "history."
But even this is a bit misleading. The real "grudge match" is this: China + India vs. Second World Europe. And given this choice, only someone stranded on Mars for the past decade might choose Second World Europe. Yet, this is the real so-called "grudge match." First World Europe is in descent, to be sure, but it's descending from a high altitude. It will take at least a decade or two for China (and/or India) to truly match First World Europe. But China ALREADY is superior to Second World Europe. And don't rant about NATO and EU memberships; this is simply window dressing. Then combine China with India versus Second World Europe, playing into my "Golden Triangle" theme, i.e., it's all about the U.S., India and China. This is where the action is, ESPECIALLY in IT.
"It's Malaysia Time ..."
I must be getting punchy since I'm borrowing a theme from a beer commercial, but it seems that Malaysia is experiencing its 15 minutes of fame. The Philippines has recently been "hot," and several articles of late have been touting Malaysia (see, for example, an article which appeared in SpaceDaily). Frankly, I'm getting tired of all this nonsense. Look, when it comes to ITO (IT outsourcing) in East Asia, there are just two choices, i.e., India and China. And, it's not really a competition; both have their strengths and weaknesses. A few crumbs to Singers (Singapore), maybe even a few crumbs to the Kiwis (New Zealand). The Philippines deserves notice, albeit passing notice, and Malaysia might be okay for some BPO. But ITO? Come on, give me a break!! See my Furl archive for more links.
The only thing I recently found interesting regarding Malaysia was an article on Satyam's IT boot camp in Malaysia. This isn't really unique, after all, IBM has been doing this sort of thing for decades. So does HP. Kind of like training plus a bit of brainwashing, but the brainwashing is acceptable since it includes political survival skills -- and said skills are essential, especially in F500 corporations. But I like the idea of SI (systems integrator)-based training: This way SIs can focus on "real" versus theoretically perceived needs.
Which certifications have the best ROI (return on investment)? Playing off the idea of SI-based training, which are the most important certifications? Well, Cisco leads with three out of the top five, although Microsoft picks up a couple of "wins" when looking at fastest-growing ROI, with RedHat and Oracle getting one win each. SIs in China may also want to benchmark how much U.S. employees are paid given a certain certification, e.g., Microsoft DBAs receive an annual average salary of US$80,600. Think about how much SIs in China pay for a certified Microsoft DBA. For example, what do they get paid in Jinan -- or even in Dalian? Compare this to US$80,600. Spot any opportunities? Seehttp://tinyurl.com/3nvpzandhttp://tinyurl.com/6r2s5 .
ITO in the news. Two particularly noteworthy items. First, ITO got Slashdotted. The Slashdot links are worth a review. Probably some good insight into what American software engineers are thinking and feeling. The second is a review of Lou Dobbs' new book on ITO and BPO. Mr. Dobbs is a well-respected host on CNN; his views shouldn't be taken lightly. A couple of excerpts from the review:
"GE, as Dobbs makes clear in abundant detail, is only one of many companies outsourcing high-tech and professional jobs to India and other parts of the world where wage expectations are lower. Among the others spotlighted by Dobbs for outsourcing jobs to India, the Philippines, Romania, Ireland, Poland and other countries are IBM, SAS Institute, Intel, Microsoft, Perot Systems, Apple, Computer Associates, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Oracle and Sun Microsystems." My comment: Romania is the Changsha of Third World Europe, i.e., their programmers are about as cheap as programmers come.
"'India can provide our software; China can provide our toys; Sri Lanka can make our clothes; Japan make our cars. But at some point we have to ask, what will we export? At what will Americans work? And for what kind of wages? No one I've asked in government, business or academia has been able to answer those questions,' Dobbs writes." See the review in the Tallahassee Democrat or my Furl link .
So-called infrastructure vendors beat out app vendors in terms of their ability to meet expected ROI and TCO (total cost of ownership) levels. I don't really like the way infrastructure and application vendors are defined in this article and related survey, but top honors go to IBM and Microsoft. There's a lot being written between the lines, but in general this plays into my "build-to-a-stack" strategy, albeit Oracle is left behind. See http://tinyurl.com/3tpjo .
New marketing technologies. Interesting article from the premier issue of CMO (Chief Marketing Officer). There are two ways to view this: 1) which marketing technologies can be used by SIs in China for their own marketing endeavors, and 2) which marketing technologies will likely be adopted by retailers, e-commerce sites, financial institutions and numerous other sectors -- and which in house skills does an SI in China need to implement these new technologies (all of which are IT-related)? See http://tinyurl.com/57wvp .
The battle of the SI globals.Two related articles both based on the same Forrester report. (See http://tinyurl.com/6tfrn and http://tinyurl.com/5tljq .) Issues being considered include scalability (i.e., handling US$100+ million accounts), the need for broad offerings (e.g., strategy consulting) and expanding geographical presence (hey, where is EDS in China?). "(T)he (Forrester) study finds that Infosys and Wipro have melded together a mix of CMMI, P-CMM, Six Sigma and ISO 9000 to create a culture focused on consistent and repeatable processes and value-added tools." For China's SIs, mostly food for thought -- and a bit of dreaming.
... and how to battle the globals. The article was a bit silly, after all, G2000 firms joining forces to battle Accenture or Infosys doesn't really fit the notion of smaller firms joining forces. But I believe that they're on the right track and that a myriad of partnerships will be formed to most effectively capture new business and battle the globals. However, ISVs (independent software vendors) have to walk a very fine line. SIs need to carefully consider ISV responses and existing alliances. See http://tinyurl.com/7xj82 .
"Infosys to set up second outsourcing facility in China." The article states that Infosys is running out of space in their Pudong facility and that they're scouting for additional digs. Come on, guys, running out of space? There's not enough space in the Shanghai Pudong Software Park? I don't think so ... The reality is that Infosys needs to find lower cost developers. As my column on Shanghai for AO's "Letter from China" notes, developers in Shanghai are a bit pricey compared to other places in China. Infosys China is primarily servicing their global customers in China and looking for high-end integration within the domestic market. However, this is a tough nut to crack and Infosys will need another development center to lower their overall costs -- and this is why they are looking for additional space IN ANOTHER CITY. The idea that they're running out of space in the SPSP is ridiculous. (I've been to their Shanghai digs ...) See http://tinyurl.com/6nz8d .
"Rethinking the business case for Java." A good article. Hmmm ... maybe not much of a case, eh? Hey, I'm still a believer. See http://tinyurl.com/5hbcn . Of course, Java programming ain't what it used to be ...
high times in kaiserslautern - no injuries, thank God
real life american travelers! omar, troy, jose, brian, and mathias (well... from denmark) these guys are on their graduation hurrah tour - all old friends from D.C. (not pictured, Amar - "el jefe" or in spanish circles....retarded tunisian)
azzuri buds - i predicted the score of the game beforehand- i was right, but the ref called back a goal...wanker. the back of my 'jersey' said "cazzo" - which got me laughs and dirty looks
the sureshot, jonas -kÃ¶enigstrasse, stuttgart
the blessed father... italy v. ghana
someday my friend rusty ralston will own this stand
We are getting ready for Christmas and thought we’d let you know, we’veÂ updated our last posting dates for you here. LAST CHRISTMAS POSTING DATES UK –Â Dec 21st 2016 or 22nd Dec 2016Â for Express Delivery Austria, Denmark, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland,Â Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg –Â December 16th 2016 USA/Canada/Finland for Christmas 2016Â –Â 15th Dec […]
Have you ever made a wish that's come true -- because you made the wish? Until now, making a wish, whether at the sight of a shooting star or when blowing out the candle(s) on your birthday cake or when breaking a wishbone, has not yet been scientifically proven to actually work, as far as I know. Yet, in the spirit of hope, I am making 10 wishes at the beginning of the New Year. And as is always the case, as a Muslim, I speak on behalf of 1.5 billion people. So here goes...
1. People no longer confuse me with ISIS.
My name isn't ISIS. It's not even Islamic State. In fact, the words Islamic or State are not actually in my extended name. Nevertheless, time and time again, I keep getting requests to respond to the group's actions. I swear, ISIS or ISIL or IS -- none of them are in my family tree; they're not some distant cousins of mine. In 2016, I just want people to stop confusing me with ISIS. I really don't know what ISIS is thinking and why they do what they do. It's not like the State Department is asked for comment because of the State-to-State connection. As a postscript, can ISIS stop using the word Islamic?
2. Muslims stop killing Muslims for being Muslim. Somewhere, along the way over the last couple of decades, Muslims started killing other Muslims for being Muslim in the wrong way, or at least took it to a whole new level. There's a whole ideology out there built around takfir or essentially "declaring Muslims as kufar or unbelievers" for failing an evermore peculiar litmus test. Imagine if death squads emerged killing Black people for not being Black enough. Originating in some of the philosophical exhortations by scholar Ibn Taymiyyah 700 years ago, the criteria by which you are deemed "takfir-ed" and permissible to be killed has reached insane if not idiosyncratic levels. It would be funny if the situation weren't so deadly. Even barbers were caught in the crosshairs and were being assassinated in Baghdad in the 2000s.
3. Death and destruction in the Muslim world have a timeout. From Yemen to Iraq, Libya to Somalia, and from Afghanistan to far beyond, civil strife is rife in too many parts of what is defined as the Muslim world. Autocrats, militants, extremists and terrorists, don't care who they kill: men, women, children -- everyone is fair game. I wish this would stop. Into this toxic mix, the last thing needed is more killing coming into these countries from the outside; the 2003 invasion of Iraq proved that. I wonder if Russia will hear that message?
4. We all get comfortable with the "other." What a difference it was in 2015 between Trudeau and Trump in the North American political cycle. The world needs more Trudeaus and less Trumps (Donalds that is). The fear of the "other" is starting to define Western politics and it is not just about Trump. The rise of right-wing political parties in Europe from Hungary to Denmark is a poignant reminder of the breadth of this phenomenon. Yet, outside the West this fear of the other also permeates and often dominates. In Turkey, we are seeing a renewed vilification of the Kurdish population. Further afield in Burma, the Rohingyaare cast as outsiders. In Malaysia, Christians are prohibited from using the Arabic word for God. And, in nearby Brunei, Christmas was simply cancelled. In some of the war zones in the Middle East, Christians are on the verge of disappearing. The world would be a lot better off if we weren't so afraid of the bogeyman of the other.
5. The Muslim world deals with its taboos. Speaking of an aversion to the non-orthodox, there's a whole set of taboos that many Muslim countries and societies need to start dealing with. A lot of them relate to sex. Sometimes the Muslim world acts like it has one big case of the cooties. There have been attempts by some to break through these restrictions. Wedad Lootah in the UAE comes to mind. Shereen El Feki's Sex and the Citadel is another. This is not an issue to take lightly, especially in societies where 60-70 percent of youth are under the age of 30. Bombarded by sexualized imagery from modern and digital media, these youth then live, essentially, in an austere second world that is their reality. More importantly and tragically, rape and sexual assault are simply not talked about; child abuse is an even worse curse hidden under the rug. Finally, at some point Muslim countries - and the clerical establishment -- will need to come to terms with the fact that gay Muslims exist.
6. Somewhere, over the rainbow, democracy and Islam go steady. Let's be honest, a lot of people have tried to set up democracy with Islam for a relationship. Sometimes it has been a surprise blind date (e.g. Iraq in 2003). Other times, it was a relationship that grew from blind passion (e.g. the Arab world in 2011). Often, the sparks of love eventually turn into animus and things quickly go south. In the Arab world, Tunisia is carrying - with some fragility -- the banner of democracy. Many Muslim-majority countries that used to be counted as democracies now suffer from authoritarian syndromes (e.g. Turkey, Malaysia, and Bangladesh). In other cases, democracy in its infancy quickly devolved into score settling or majoritarian mafias (e.g. the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt). Perhaps Indonesia, the world's most populous Muslim country is our hope that can breathe life into this wish.
7. Averroes comes back in style. Averroes -- or Ibn Rushd -- was a man's man. He schooled his way into Raphael's The School of Athens. The polymath kept alive ancient Greek philosophy, paving the way for much of Europe's modern intellectual movements. Back in the day, in Andalusia, he was a big deal (Biden-style). And, why not? He vociferously argued for the co-existence of secular and religious thought in a posthumous debate with the Abbasid scholar Al Ghazali. Ultimately, Ibn Rushd lost the debate to the detriment of the Muslim world, but his arguments culminated with the work, The Incoherence of Incoherence, which I think would be a great riposte to all ISIS ideologues and their friends. If Ibn Taymiyyah came back, then let's bring Averroes back too.
8. Flying while Muslim is no longer a thing. They say that flying while Muslim is the new driving while Black. I guess if you're a Black Muslim, this really sucks, especially if you drive to the airport for your flight. So my wish maybe can be two-pronged: getting rid of both 'driving while Black' as well as 'flying while Muslim.' What is flying while Muslim? Well, it often starts with a casual stare or two from across the way. A timid approach then ensues: "Excuse me sir." This is normally followed by a more forceful: "Please follow me." It can then get quite aggressive, with clothes falling by the wayside. It normally ends with your belongings in disarray, your belt on backwards, and you fast-walking without turning back in the hope that no one thinks twice about you boarding your flight. Oh, and don't watch the news while on the plane. I hate flying while Muslim.
9. Trump presides over a Muslim beauty contest. Was 2015 the year of Trump? You have to hand it to Trump; he sure knows how to grab the spotlight. Unfortunately, he's used that spotlight to spew increasingly populist venom targeted at Muslims (and others). Maybe, we need to better appeal to Trump's core interest: beauty pageants. There are a few lists circulating online for potential Muslim contestants (for Men: click here | for Women: click here). Yet, I think we should make this a mipsters pageant and turn this whole thing on its head.
10. Peace comes to Syria. This Muslim (me) -- speaking on behalf of 1.5 billion people around the world -- has 10 wishes for 2016 but if only one of them came true it should be this one. No country has been more ravaged in recent memory than Syria. Hundreds of thousands have been killed as gangsters, terrorists, and dictators fight for supremacy. The surrounding region, instead of trying to promote a solution, has sent in weapons, fighters, and incitement. The world, instead of trying to mediate, has sought to settle old scores. All the while, the people in Syria live in lifeless limbo amidst daily death and destruction. If I had only one wish it would be that the violence in Syria would come to an end.
This wish list is non-exhaustive. I think I may have missed a few...
The Old Globe today announced that due to popular demand, the exciting Globe-commissioned world premiere comedy Ken Ludwig's Robin Hood! has now extended again, through September 10! This is the second and final extension for the hit show, which previously announced a one-week addition through September 3. The production plays in the Sheryl and Harvey White Theatre, part of the Conrad Prebys Theatre Center. Single tickets start at $45 and are on sale now.
Two-time Olivier Award-winning playwright and inventive comic genius Ken Ludwig is back at the Globe following the smash success of Baskerville: A Sherlock Holmes Mystery, which broke box office records in 2015. Director Jessica Stone also returns to the Globe, where she helmed the hit productions of Arms and the Man and Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike. Packed with thrills, romance, laughs, and great characters like Little John, Friar Tuck, and Maid Marian, Robin Hood! tells the timeless story of a hero of the people who takes on the powers that be. So get ready to duck a quarterstaff or two-you won't want to miss a moment of the swashbuckling fun!
"Ken Ludwig is fast becoming a part of The Old Globe family, and we couldn't be happier," said Erna Finci Viterbi Artistic Director Barry Edelstein. "Ken is arguably the leading comic dramatist in the American theatre, and with Robin Hood! he has fashioned an extraordinary new take on the legend. The play is a fun summer romp full of swashbuckling and romance, and it's also a moving tale of a young man's discovery that everyone has a responsibility to care for his fellow man. This fast, funny, and colorful play is interpreted by another Globe mainstay, the gifted director Jessica Stone. She has assembled her own team of merry men and women to help make a memorable evening of theatre, and I'm delighted to share it with San Diego."
Ken Ludwig (Playwright) is a two-time Olivier Award-winning playwright whose work is performed every night of the year throughout the world in more than 30 countries and over 20 languages. He has written 24 plays and musicals, with six Broadway productions and seven in London's West End. His Tony Award-winning play Lend Me a Tenor was called "one of the classic comedies of the 20th century" by The Washington Post. His other plays and musicals include Crazy for You (five years on Broadway, Tony Award for Best Musical), Moon Over Buffalo (Broadway and West End), The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (Broadway), Treasure Island (West End), Twentieth Century (Broadway), Leading Ladies, Shakespeare in Hollywood, The Game's Afoot, The Fox on the Fairway, The Three Musketeers, The Beaux' Stratagem, Baskerville: A Sherlock Holmes Mystery, and A Comedy of Tenors. His critically acclaimed adaptation of Agatha Christie's Murder on the Orient Express, written at the request of the Christie estate, premiered this season to sold-out houses at McCarter Theatre Center in Princeton. Mr. Ludwig has received commissions from the Royal Shakespeare Company and Bristol Old Vic, and he is a Sallie B. Goodman Fellow of McCarter Theatre Center. His many awards and honors include the Charles MacArthur Award, two Helen Hayes Awards, the Southeastern Theatre Conference Distinguished Career Award, the Edgar Award for Best Mystery of the Year, and the Edwin Forrest Award for Contributions to the American Theatre. His book How to Teach Your Children Shakespeare (Random House) won the Falstaff Award for Best Shakespeare Book of 2014, and his essays are published by The Yale Review. He holds degrees from Harvard University and University of Cambridge.
Ken Ludwig's Robin Hood! is supported in part through gifts from Production Sponsors California Bank & Trust, Sheila and Jeffrey Lipinsky, Paula and Brian Powers, Jean and Gary Shekhter, Theatre Forward, and Pam Wagner and Hans Tegebo, as well as Artist Sponsor Jo Ann Kilty (for Daniel Reece, playing Robin Hood) and Evelyn Mack Truitt (for playwright Ken Ludwig). Financial support is provided by The City of San Diego.
Additional events taking place during the rest of the run of Ken Ludwig's Robin Hood! include:
POST-SHOW FORUM: Tuesday, August 8, 2017.
Join us after the show for an informal and enlightening question-and-answer session with cast, crew, and/or Globe staff members. Get the inside story on creating a character and putting together a professional production. FREE.
SINGLE TICKETS to Ken Ludwig's Robin Hood! start at $45 and are on sale now to the general public. Tickets can be purchased online at www.TheOldGlobe.org, by phone at (619) 23-GLOBE [234-5623], or by visiting the Box Office at 1363 Old Globe Way in Balboa Park. Discounts are available for full-time students, patrons 29 years of age and under, seniors, military members, and groups of 10 or more. Performances have been extended by popular demand and now run through September 10. Performance times: Tuesday and Wednesday at 7:00 p.m., Thursday and Friday at 8:00 p.m., Saturday at 2:00 p.m. and 8:00 p.m., and Sunday at 2:00 p.m. and 7:00 p.m.
The 2017 Summer Shakespeare Festival includes William Shakespeare's classic tragedy Hamlet, one of the greatest plays ever written. Directed by the Globe's own Barry Edelstein, this exhilarating new production will run August 6 - September 10. Revenge thriller, ghost story, psychological drama, political epic, and family saga, all packed in one with unforgettable characters, theatrical masterstrokes, and world famous lines. The Prince of Denmark comes home from college to find his father dead, his mother remarried to his uncle, and a spine-chilling apparition roaming the palace grounds.
The Summer Season also features Guys and Dolls, playing July 2 - August 13 on the Donald and Darlene Shiley Stage in the Old Globe Theatre, part of the Conrad Prebys Theatre Center. This musical fable of Broadway is based on a story and characters of Damon Runyon, with music and lyrics by Frank Loesser and book by Jo Swerling and Abe Burrows, presented in association with Asolo Repertory Theatre. Guys and Dolls tops Entertainment Weekly's list of the Greatest Musicals of All Time, and for good reason: it's everything we love in musical theatre. Now fast-rising director/choreographer Josh Rhodes returns to the Globe to direct our first-ever production of this Broadway masterpiece. Nathan Detroit needs some serious dough to keep his "oldest established permanent floating crap game" going. He's also got his hands full with his marriage-minded girlfriend Adelaide. But when Nathan makes a bet with high-roller Sky Masterson, his problems appear to be solved. Based on Damon Runyon's famous tales of small-time hoods and showgirls, Guys and Dolls is filled with some of the most wonderful showtunes ever, including "Luck Be a Lady," "I've Never Been in Love Before," and the irrepressible anthem "Sit Down, You're Rockin' the Boat." Guys and Dolls will put a spring in your step and a smile on your face and remind you how much fun it is to see a top-notch Globe revival of a classic American musical!
The Summer Season began with Shakespeare's King Richard II, which was directed by Erica Schmidt and closed on July 15, 2017.
The Old Globe is located in San Diego's Balboa Park at 1363 Old Globe Way. Through a special arrangement with the San Diego Zoo, Old Globe evening ticket-holders have the opportunity to pre-purchase valet parking in the Zoo's employee parking structure. With a drop-off point just a short walk to the Globe, theatregoers may purchase fast, easy, convenient valet parking for just $20 per vehicle per evening. Pre-paid only, available only by phone through The Old Globe Box Office. Call (619) 234-5623 or visit www.theoldglobe.org/plan-your-visit/directions--parking/valet-parking.
PLEASE NOTE: To look up online or GPS directions to The Old Globe, please do not use the Delivery Address above. There is only a 10-minute zone at that physical address. For GPS users, please click here for the map coordinates, and here for written directions to The Old Globe and nearby parking in Balboa Park.
CALENDAR: King Richard II (6/11-7/15), Guys and Dolls (7/2-8/13), Ken Ludwig's Robin Hood! (7/22-9/10), Hamlet (8/6-9/10), Benny & Joon (9/7-10/22), The Absolute Brightness of Leonard Pelkey (9/30-10/29), Globe for All Tour: Twelfth Night (10/31-11/19), Dr. Seuss's How the Grinch Stole Christmas! (11/4-12/24), M.F.A.: Romeo and Juliet (11/11-11/19), The Importance of Being Earnest (1/27/18-3/4), Uncle Vanya (2/10-3/11), American Mariachi (3/23-4/29), The Wanderers (4/5-5/6), A Thousand Splendid Suns (5/12-6/17), Native Gardens (5/26-6/24), Dr. Seuss's The Lorax (7/2-8/12).
The Tony Award-winning Old Globe is one of the country's leading professional regional theatres and has stood as San Diego's flagship arts institution for over 80 years. Under the leadership of Erna Finci Viterbi Artistic Director Barry Edelstein, The Old Globe produces a year-round season of 15 productions of classic, contemporary, and new works on its three Balboa Park stages: the Donald and Darlene Shiley Stage in the 600-seat Old Globe Theatre and the 250-seat Sheryl and Harvey White Theatre, both part of The Old Globe's Conrad Prebys Theatre Center, and the 605-seat outdooR Lowell Davies Festival Theatre, home of its internationally renowned Shakespeare Festival. More than 250,000 people attend Globe productions annually and participate in the theatre's artistic and arts engagement programs. Numerous world premieres such as the 2014 Tony Award winner for Best Musical, A Gentleman's Guide to Love and Murder, Bright Star, Allegiance, The Full Monty, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, and the annual holiday musical Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas! have been developed at The Old Globe and have gone on to enjoy highly successful runs on Broadway and at regional theatres across the country.
Michael Boatman (Prince John) starred in Roundabout Theatre Company's Broadway revival of "Master Harold"...and the Boys. His other stage credits include The Glass Menagerie (Lorraine Hansberry Theatre), Tiny Mommy (Playwrights Horizons), and Blithe Spirit (Williamstown Theatre Festival). His television credits include "The Good Fight," "Madam Secretary," "Instant Mom," "The Good Wife," and "Spin City." He is the author of four novels, including Last God Standing and Who Wants to Be the Prince of Darkness? He studied acting at Western Illinois University.
Kevin Cahoon (The Sheriff of Nottingham) was seen at the Globe last season in Love's Labor's Lost (Craig Noel Award nomination). He has appeared on Broadway in The Wedding Singer, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang, The Rocky Horror Show, The Lion King, and The Who's Tommy. His Off Broadway credits include Hedwig and the Angry Inch (also Boston, San Francisco, Edinburgh International Festival), How I Learned to Drive (Second Stage Theatre), The Shaggs: Philosophy of the World (Playwrights Horizons), The Foreigner (Roundabout Theatre Company, Lucille Lortel Award nomination), The Wild Party (Manhattan Theatre Club), and Hair and Babes in Arms (City Center Encores!). Mr. Cahoon's regional credits include Guthrie Theater, Williamstown Theatre Festival, Bard SummerScape, Ahmanson Theatre, Berkshire Theatre Festival, and others. He has appeared on television in "Nurse Jackie," "Modern Family," "NCIS," "CSI: Crime Scene Investigation," "The Good Wife," "Odd Mom Out," "Six Degrees," "Black Box," "The Mentalist," "Franklin & Bash," "Canterbury's Law," "Law & Order," and "Law & Order: Criminal Intent," among others. His film credits include I Am Michael, Mars Needs Moms, The Curse of the Jade Scorpion, The Thing About My Folks, Sudden Manhattan, and the documentaries SqueezeBox! and Whether You Like It or Not: The True Story of Hedwig. With the band Ghetto Cowboy, Mr. Cahoon won the OUTmusic Award for their album Doll.
Manoel Felciano (Sir Guy of Gisbourne) was previously seen at The Old Globe in Twelfth Night and I Just Stopped By to See the Man. He appeared on Broadway in Sweeney Todd (Tony Award nomination), Amélie, Disaster!, Brooklyn, Jesus Christ Superstar, and Cabaret, and he appeared Off Broadway in The Changeling (Red Bull Theater), Trumpery (Atlantic Theater Company), Shockheaded Peter, and Much Ado About Nothing (New York Shakespeare Festival). His regional credits include the world premiere of Terrence McNally's Mothers and Sons with Tyne Daly (Bucks County Playhouse), The Exorcist with Brooke Shields (Geffen Playhouse), Scorched, Tales of the City, Clybourne Park, Norman in Round and Round the Garden, Caucasian Chalk Circle, November, Jerry in Edward Albee's At Home at the Zoo, and Rock 'n' Roll (American Conservatory Theater), Elektra with Olympia Dukakis (Getty Villa), Tateh in Ragtime (The Kennedy Center), Three Sisters directed by Michael Greif (Williamstown Theatre Festival), and George in Sunday in the Park with George directed by Jason Alexander. His film and television credits include Uncertainty with Joseph Gordon-Levitt, "Elementary," "NCIS," "Trauma," "Life on Mars," "The Unusuals," "One Life to Live," and "All My Children." Mr. Felciano's concert credits include Soldier's Tale (Sun Valley Symphony), Ragtime (Lincoln Center), Nick Adams with Jack Nicholson, Julia Roberts, and Sean Penn (San Francisco Symphony), and Zipperz (Oakland and Marin Symphonies). As a singer/songwriter he has performed on live@joe's pub, Moonshot, and SundaySongs. He has also directed and taught at New York University, Viterbo University, American Conservatory Theater, Boston University, UC Berkeley, and University of Florida.
Meredith Garretson (Maid Marian) is thrilled to make her first appearance at The Old Globe. She is a proud graduate of New York University's Tisch School of the Arts Graduate Acting M.F.A. Program, class of 2017. Some of her favorite roles there include Hermione in The Winter's Tale directed by MarK Wing-Davey, Ranevskaya in The Cherry Orchard directed by Lucie Tiberghien, Marc Antony in Julius Caesar directed by Janet Zarish, Hypatia in Misalliance directed by Ms. Zarish, and Maggie in Cat on a Hot Tin Roof directed by Tamilla Woodard. She has appeared on ABC's "What Would You Do?" as well as in multiple independent and short films.
Andy Grotelueschen (Friar Tuck) was recently seen at The Old Globe in Fiasco Theater's world premiere adaptation of The Imaginary Invalid. He has appeared Off Broadway and around the U.S. in Fiasco's Into the Woods (The Old Globe, Roundabout Theatre Company, McCarter Theatre Center, Lucille Lortel Award for Outstanding Revival and nomination for Outstanding Featured Actor in a Musical), The Two Gentleman of Verona (Theatre for a New Audience, St. Clair Bayfield Award), Cymbeline (Theatre for a New Audience/Barrow Street Theatre), Measure for Measure (The New Victory Theater, Long Wharf Theatre), and Twelfth Night. He also appeared on Broadway in Cyrano de Bergerac. His other New York credits include Petruchio in The Taming of the Shrew (Theatre for a New Audience), the Cyclops in The Odyssey (Public Works at Delacorte Theater), and world premieres at 13P, The Exchange, and St. Ann's Warehouse. Mr. Grotelueschen's regional credits include Yale Repertory Theatre, American Repertory Theater, Shakespeare Theatre Company, Folger Theatre, Trinity Repertory Company, Actors Theatre of Louisville, Guthrie Theater, and all across the country with The Acting Company. He has appeared on television in "Elementary," "The Good Wife," and "The Knick." His film credits include Still on the Road (PBS), Coin Heist (Netflix), Geezer, Land of Kings, and Tumorhead. He is a Fiasco Theater company member.
Suzelle Palacios (Doerwynn) is a second-year M.F.A. student in The Old Globe and University of San Diego Shiley Graduate Theatre Program. She has been seen in The Old Globe's Summer Shakespeare Festival in King Richard II, Love's Labor's Lost, and Macbeth. Her previous credits include Julia in The Two Gentlemen of Verona and Audrey in As You Like It (The Old Globe/USD), Macbeth and The Merchant of Venice (Houston Shakespeare Festival), and Our Country's Good, The Miser, Blood Wedding, and The Crucible (University of Houston).
Daniel Reece (Robin Hood) is making his Old Globe debut in Robin Hood! His other credits include Belleville, The Realistic Joneses, and Owners (Yale Repertory Theatre), Pygmalion and The Bachelors (Williamstown Theatre Festival), The Arabian Nights, A Man for All Seasons, Hair, and Love's Labour's Lost (Connecticut Repertory Theatre), Romeo and Juliet, Petty Harbour, Dead Ends., Hedda Gabler, Twelfth Night, and Sunday in the Park with George (Yale School of Drama). His television credits include "Elementary," "Unbreakable Kimmy Schmidt," and "Public Morals." Mr. Reece is a co-founder of Old Sound Room, where he most recently appeared in the company's fifth production, JIB.
Paul Whitty (Little John) is thrilled to be making his Old Globe debut. Most recently he was in the original cast of Amélie on Broadway. He also originated the role of Billy in the Tony Award-winning musical Once, giving over a thousand performances on Broadway and also a handful at American Repertory Theater, New York Theatre Workshop, and even Tokyo. His Off and Off Off Broadway credits include Bayonets of Angst (New York Musical Festival), Violet (Encores! Off-Center), and Twelfth Night (Sonnet Repertory Theatre). His regional work includes Amélie (Berkeley Repertory Theatre, Center Theatre Group), Peter and the Starcatcher (Actors Theatre of Louisville), Judge Jackie (Sharon Playhouse), Be More Chill (Two River Theater), reasons to be pretty and Art (Crescent Stage), Circle Mirror Transformation (PURE Theatre), and Doubt and War of the Worlds (Village Repertory Co.). On screen, Mr. Whitty has appeared in the films Song One and The Beach Party at the Threshold of Hell and on the television series "Law & Order: Special Victims Unit" and "Guiding Light." His recordings include the Amélie and Be More Chill cast albums, the Song One motion picture soundtrack, and the Grammy Award-winning Once cast album.
Gregg Barnes (Costume Design) is an Associate Artist of The Old Globe. He has designed the Broadway productions of Tuck Everlasting (2016 Tony Award nomination), Something Rotten! (2015 Tony nomination), Aladdin, Kinky Boots (2013 Tony nomination, 2016 Olivier Award), Follies (2012 Tony Award, Drama Desk Award, Henry Hewes Design Award), Elf, Legally Blonde (2007 Tony nomination, 2010 Olivier nomination), The Drowsy Chaperone (2006 Tony Award, Drama Desk Award, Outer Critics Award, Olivier nomination), Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, Flower Drum Song (Tony nomination), and Side Show. His other New York credits include Sinatra: His Voice. His World. His Way. and Christmas Spectacular (Radio City Music Hall), The Wizard of Oz (Madison Square Garden), Pageant (Blue Angel Theatre, West End, Olivier nomination), and Dreamgirls (West End, 2016 Olivier nomination). His national tour credits include Something Rotten!, Aladdin, Kinky Boots, Legally Blonde, The Drowsy Chaperone, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, and Flower Drum Song. Mr. Barnes also designed the regional productions of Robin and the 7 Hoods, Dirty Rotten Scoundrels, Lucky Duck, Hay Fever, and more (The Old Globe), Minsky's (Ahmanson Theatre, Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle Award), Mame and Follies (The Kennedy Center and productions at Arena Stage, The Glimmerglass Theatre, Williamstown Theatre Festival, June Opera Festival of New Jersey, and Paper Mill Playhouse. He is the recipient of the Theatre Development Fund's Irene Sharaff Young Master Award.
Fitz Patton (Original Music and Sound Design) previously sound designed the Globe productions of Constellations, The Winter's Tale, Good People, and August: Osage County and provided original music for The Two Gentlemen of Verona. He is currently represented on Broadway with Present Laughter and The Little Foxes. His other Broadway credits include The Father, The Humans, Blackbird, It's Only a Play, An Act of God, Airline Highway, The Other Place, I'll Eat You Last: A Chat with Sue Mengers, Outside Mullingar, Casa Valentina, The House of Blue Leaves, Brighton Beach Memoirs, and Broadway Bound. Mr. Patton's many Off Broadway credits include this season's Prodigal Son (New York City Center), When the Rain Stops Falling (Lincoln Center Theater, Lucille Lortel and Drama Desk Awards), and The Other Place (MCC Theater, Lortel nomination). His symphony credits include The Holy Land. Mr. Patton is the founder of Chance Magazine, a theatre design magazine.
Jacob Grigolia-Rosenbaum (Fight Director) is honored to return to the Globe after 2013's The Last Goodbye and 2014's Othello. He is also fight director for Hamlet in this year's Summer Shakespeare Festival. His credits as fight director include Peter and the Starcatcher (Broadway, New York Theatre Workshop, New World Stages, national tour), Peter Pan Live! (NBC/Universal), Bloody Bloody Andrew Jackson (Broadway, The Public Theater, Williamstown Theatre Festival), Cyrano de Bergerac (Broadway), Here Lies Love (The Public Theater, commercial remount), The Robber Bridegroom (Roundabout Theatre Company), Sailor Man (also co-creator, New York International Fringe Festival, winner of Best Play), The Buccaneer (also playwright, The Tank, Fight Fest), and Robin Hood (Williamstown Theatre Festival). Mr. Grigolia-Rosenbaum has also been fight director for numerous regional and touring companies, including Connecticut Free Shakespeare, Ogunquit Playhouse, and National Theater for Arts and Education. He was the stunt coordinator and creature performer for the horror film Dark Was the Night (Caliber/Image) and was a D1 varsity fencer while at Yale University.
David Huber (Voice and Dialect Coach) has worked on the Globe productions of The Imaginary Invalid, Skeleton Crew, Red Velvet, The Blameless, Picasso at the Lapin Agile, Measure for Measure (Globe for All), October Sky, Meteor Shower, Sense and Sensibility, Macbeth, tokyo fish story, Camp David, Constellations, Rain, The Last Match, The Metromaniacs, Ken Ludwig's Baskerville: A Sherlock Holmes Mystery, Arms and the Man, Buyer & Cellar, The Royale, Bright Star, and The Two Gentlemen of Verona. His previous Globe acting credits include The Winter's Tale directed by Jack O'Brien, The Tempest, The Two Gentlemen of Verona, and The Merchant of Venice, among several others. He has studied voice with Master Linklater Voice teacher David Smukler, Eric Armstrong, and Kate Burke. He is a graduate of the Graduate Voice Teacher Diploma Program at York University in Toronto. His regional theatre credits include Actors Theatre of Louisville, Cincinnati Playhouse in the Park, The Repertory Theatre of St. Louis, Pittsburgh Playhouse, PCPA Theaterfest, Texas Shakespeare Festival, Center REPertory Company, and Centennial Theater Festival, among many others. Mr. Huber coaches voice, speech, and acting locally, works on speech issues with special needs students, and recently taught speech in the graduate theatre program at UC San Diego. He is a graduate of The Old Globe and University of San Diego Shiley Graduate Theatre Program.
Caparelliotis Casting (Casting) has cast the Globe productions of Skeleton Crew, Red Velvet, Picasso at the Lapin Agile, The Blameless, Meteor Shower, tokyo fish story, Constellations, The Last Match, Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, Ken Ludwig's Baskerville: A Sherlock Holmes Mystery, Rich Girl, Arms and the Man, Buyer & Cellar, The White Snake, The Twenty-seventh Man, The Royale, Vanya and Sonia and Masha and Spike, Water by the Spoonful, Time and the Conways, Bethany, The Winter's Tale, The Few, Double Indemnity, The Rainmaker, Other Desert Cities, Be a Good Little Widow, A Doll's House, The Brothers Size, Pygmalion, and Good People. Their Broadway casting credits include A Doll's House Part 2, The Front Page, Les Liaisons Dangereuses, The Glass Menagerie, Jitney, The Little Foxes, The Father, Blackbird, An Act of God, Airline Highway, Fish in the Dark, It's Only a Play, Disgraced, The Country House, Holler If Ya Hear Me, Casa Valentina, The Snow Geese, Lyle Kessler's Orphans, The Trip to Bountiful, Grace, Dead Accounts, The Other Place, Seminar, The Columnist, Stick Fly, Good People, Bengal Tiger at the Baghdad Zoo, The House of Blue Leaves, Fences, Lend Me a Tenor, and The Royal Family. They also cast for Manhattan Theatre Club, Atlantic Theater Company, Signature Theatre Company, LCT3, Ars Nova, Goodman Theatre, Steppenwolf Theatre Company, McCarter Theatre Center, Arena Stage, Second Stage Theatre (seven seasons), and Williamstown Theatre Festival (three seasons). Their recent film and television credits include HairBrained with Brendan Fraser, "American Odyssey" (NBC), "How to Get Away with Murder" (ABC pilot), "Ironside" (NBC), and Steel Magnolias (Sony for Lifetime).
Jess Slocum (Production Stage Manager) previously worked on the Globe productions of The Imaginary Invalid, Red Velvet, Picasso at the Lapin Agile, Measure for Measure (Globe for All), Love's Labor's Lost, tokyo fish story, The Metromaniacs, In Your Arms, Twelfth Night, Buyer & Cellar, Bright Star, Othello, Water by the Spoonful, The Winter's Tale, A Doll's House, Pygmalion, A Room with a View, Richard O'Brien's The Rocky Horror Show, the 2011-2013 Shakespeare Festivals, Rafta, Rafta..., Robin and the 7 Hoods, Alive and Well, Sammy, Cornelia, Since Africa, Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas!, and The Glass Menagerie. Her Broadway credits include In the Heights. Her regional credits include Indecent, Side Show, Ruined, The Third Story, Memphis, and Most Wanted (La Jolla Playhouse) and Post Office (Center Theatre Group). Her San Diego credits include Mo`olelo Performing Arts Company, North Coast Repertory Theatre, and Lamb's Players Theatre.
It features a Denmark or Swedish divorced woman living in a "commune" with about 5-8 people of varying ages from (probably) 13-50. She advocates the lifestyle as benefiting from a more community oriented style. There is a shot of all the residents sharing a large lasagna from a foil dish inside an open kitchen area.
There is a period of extended backstory for the lady, she got out of a divorce 13 years ago and then lived in the shared building ever since and doesn't see it likely that should would move out. The building features a lot of warm wood colours and glass. There is a professional type man and some teenagers/young adults living in the building.
In 1868, Dr. William Harvey illustrated various European maps as political figures in the publication Geographical Fun Being Humorous Outlines of Various Countries. The anthropomorphism of each country is even highlighted with the inclusion of their national costume, showing us the diverse personified cultures in the region.
Ireland could host the Giro dâItalia in a little over 18 monthsâ time with tourism bosses on bothe sides of the border putting together a joint bid to bring the start of the 2014 edition of the Corsa Rosa - the Pink Race - to the Emerald Isle.
According to a report in the Belfast Telegraph, the Northern Ireland Tourist Board and Failte Ireland are co-operating on the bid Â£3.8 million bid, which has the backing of governments on both sides of the border.
It is believed that staging the opening days of the race, planned for the bank holiday weekend from 2 to 4 May, 2014, could benefit the local economy to the tune of Â£10 million.
Under former race director Angelo Zomegnan and his successor Michele Acquarone, the Giro has pursued a strategy of internationalisation, including increasing the frequency of the Grande Partenza being held outside Italy.
This yearâs race began in Denmark, while two years ago the opening stages were held in The Netherlands, with Team Skyâs Bradley Wiggins taking the maglia rosa in the Amsterdam Prologue.
The bid to bring the Giro to Ireland, which is reportedly yet to be formally submitted, is being co-ordinated by Shade Tree Sports, a company co-founded and managed by Darach McQuaid, brother of UCI president Pat McQuaid.
The company, which has offices in Dublin and Richmond, Virginia, was also behind the successful bid by the latter for the UCI Road World Championships in 2015.
A spokesman for the company said, âIt is an ongoing project" and added that further details might be made public in early November.
The Republic of Ireland hosted the Grand Depart of the Tour de France in 1998, and in Stephen Roche has a former Giro dâItalia champion.
Carousel short title:
Giro coming to Ireland?
Home Page Teaser:
Tourism boards on both sides of the border co-operate to try and bring the Corsa Rosa to the Emerald Isle
1. Hotel yang menawarkan makanan gratis yang menghasilkan listrik.
Crown Plaza Hotel di Kopenhagen, Denmark, menawarkan makanan gratis untuk setiap tamu yang mampu menghasilkan listrik untuk hotel melalui sepeda yg melekat pada generator. Para tamu harus memproduksi watt setidaknya 10 tenaga listrik - atau sekitar 15 menit bersepeda,Mereka kemudian akan diberikan voucher makan senilai $ 36.
2. Pub Disco Mendapatkan Listrik yang dihasilkan oleh orang-orang yg menari di lantai dansa
Semua lampu yg berkedip dan speaker yg berdebar kencang di klub dansa membutuhkan konsumsi listrik yg sangat besar.Sebuah Bar di London,mempunyai ide unik untuk menghasilkan listrik dengan cara lantainya dilengkapi dengan mata air yang ketika dipijak oleh penari,bisa menghasilkan arus listrik yang akan disimpan dalam baterai dan digunakan untuk mengimbangi beban listrik beberapa klub. Pemilik klub, Andrew Charalambous, mengatakan lantai dansa miliknya sekarang dapat daya 60 persen dari ide uniknya tersebut
3. Menawarkan Diskon untuk pelanggan yang mau menggunakan sepeda
Sebuah rumah bordil di Berlin datang dengan cara yang inovatif untuk menarik pelanggan selama krisis ekonomi, dengan melakukan sesuatu untuk membantu menghindari perubahan iklim pada waktu yang sama. Mereka menawarkan diskon untuk pelanggan yang tiba dengan menggunakan sepeda. Menurut Thomas Goetz, pemilik rumah bordil 'Maison d'envie' ,pelanggan yang tiba dengan bersepeda atau yang dengan menggunakan transportasi umum mendapatkan â¬ 5 (Â£ 4,30) diskon dari â¬ 70 biasa (Â£ 60) Biaya selama 45 menit persesi.
4. Perusahaan menciptakan printer desktop yang tidak menggunakan tinta atau kertas.
Siapa bilang printer hanya menggunakan kertas untuk mencetak dokumen? Berbeda dengan printer konvensional, PrePeat mengadopsi kepala termal untuk mencetak pada lembaran plastik khusus buatan.PrePeat juga diklaim oleh produsen,setiap satu lembar kertas dapat digunakan sampai 1000 kali sehingga Anda akan mengurangi pengeluaran penggunaan kertas.
5. Universitas dengan konstruksi atap hijau sebagai tempat berkumpul para mahasiswanya
Green desain merupakan tren yang sangat populer di arsitektur modern,Sekolah Seni, Desain dan Media di Nanyang Technological University di Singapura.Memiliki atap yg berfungsi sebagai ruang pertemuan informal dengan ide linier,Atap ini menciptakan ruang terbuka, melindungi bangunan, mendinginkan udara sekitarnya dan menampung air hujan untuk irigasi lansekap.
6. Desainer menciptakan wastafel yang menggunakan air yang terbuang untuk menyiram tanaman
Wastafel yg dibuat oleh desainer muda asal Montreal Jean-Michel Gauvreau ini terbuat dari beton,yang memiliki saluran yang memungkinkan air yang digunakan saat mencuci tangan Anda dapat mengalir langsung ke tanaman.Sehingga setiap air yg terbuang tidak mubazir karena dapat digunakan untuk menyiram tanaman yg berada disebelahnya. 7. Alat mandi yg dapat menghemat air secara otomatis
20% dari total penggunaan energi domestik kita adalah dari air panas untuk mandi dan mandi.Dengan lebih dari 6 kali penggunaan energi pencahayaan domestik, desainer Tommaso Colia datang dengan desain alat mandi yang ramah lingkungan,alat mandi ini telah dirancsang untuk mengeluarkan air secara terbatas,maka apabila anda menghabiskan waktu untuk mandi terlalu lama,maka alat ini akan berhenti mengeluarkan air secara otomatis. 8. Desainer menciptakan lampu yg berfungsi mengajarkan anak kecil bagaimana cara menghemat energi
Pentingnya pengajaran konservasi energi adalah tujuan dari desain Tim Holley.Lampu yg berbentuk seperti hantu ini memberikan visualisasi kepada anak-anak tentang berapa banyak energi yg telah digunakan dengan meninggalkan lampu menyala terlalu lama,ketika pertama kali dinyalakan lampu ini akan berwarna hijau dan tersenyum, Jika lampu dibiarkan selama lebih dari empat jam,ia akan berubah warna menjadi kuning dan terlihat terkejut,dan jika Anda berani untuk meninggalkan lampu ini selama lebih dari delapan jam,lampu akan berubah menjadi warna merah mengamuk,lengkap dengan mulut frowny dan mata marah. 9. Perusahaan menciptakan staples untuk mengurangi polusi staples
Staples seharusnya begitu buruk terhadap lingkungan sehingga perusahaan memutuskan untuk membuat sebuah stapler pokok-bebas. Produk ini menjanjikan untuk membuat kolasi ramah lingkungan. Alih-alih menggunakan logam planet yang tipis,stapler pokok-bebas "memotong potongan kecil kertas dan menggunakan strip untuk menjahit sampai dengan lima potongan kertas bersama-sama." 10. Designer menciptakan charger iPhone yg diaktifkan oleh genggaman tangan
Sebuah ide yang memberikan anda latihan tangan dengan cara mengisi baterai iPhone Anda dengan genggaman tangan! Konsep ide ini dirancang oleh Mac Funamizu
In 1981, eleven-year-old Saba Hafezi watches as her mother and twin sister, Mahtab, board a plane to America, leaving her in a seaside village in northern Iran. Though she is certain of what she saw, Saba's broken father and colorful slew of surrogate grandmothers claim that Mahtab is dead and that Saba should forget about her troublesome mother; nevertheless, there are others who attribute Saba's belief in her sister's survival to âtwin-senseâ and relish the possibility that Mahtab might still be alive. Over the next seventeen years, Saba immerses herself in illegal western books, movies, and magazines, and weaves an exquisite parallel American life for her twin sister, one that mirrors her own in bizarre and unlikely waysâand rivals the fates of Ivy-League western shahsâa life that the bookish Saba too might have lived if she'd been allowed to get on that plane.
Beginning with small tokens of adolescence and moving to larger coincidences of unrequited love, the violent consequences of forced marriage to a much older man, and motherhood, Mahtabâs hazier American story keeps pace with her sister like a shadow. Mahtab loses a lover when Saba does. Mahtab finds unexpected wealth in the same way as Saba. But whereas Sabaâs story has all the grit and brutality of real life in post-revolution Iran, Mahtabâs is like an American television show as imagined under an Iranian storytellerâs blanket, always returning power and control to the heroineâs hands.
A TEASPOON OF EARTH AND SEA uses strong, colorful characters, a unique narrative voice, and rural eastern storytelling techniques with western-style prose to convey a sense of mystery and a compelling message about identity and being the mistress of one's own fate while living and battling within the fantasy of our other "selves." The bittersweet ending leaves the reader wondering if it matters at all where life takes us or why. Maybe the soul is unchanging andâas the old saying goesâlife is written in the veins.
[Riverhead (World English) 2012; Edizioni Piemme (Italy) 2012; Rocco (Brazil) 2012; De Bezige Bij (Netherlands) 2012; Editions Calmann-Levy (France) 2012; Gyldendal (Norway) 2012; Damm (Sweden) 2012; Mare (Germany) 2012; Grup (Turkey) 2012; Modern Press (China) 2012; Wydawnictwo Otwarte (Poland) 2012; Thaning & Appel (Denmark)].
About the author Dina N. Viergutz was born to a controversial family of doctors and poets in Iran in 1979 and lived and traveled there throughout the Iran-Iraq war. Having escaped the country on the day of her motherâs intended execution, Dina spent some years in Europe before moving to the United States. She speaks three languages and recently became a citizen of France (dual with U.S.), and has spent the last three years living in Paris and Amsterdam with her husband where she researched and wrote A Teaspoon of Earth and Sea. She is a graduate of Princeton and holds two masters degrees from Harvard, and she has just been accepted to the Iowa Writers Workshop beginning in the fall 2011. She has done an array of work, including leading strategic projects for Saks Fifth Avenue and McKinsey in New York City. As a Zuckerman Fellow at Harvard, she has discussed public policy with world leaders, and as a Teaching Fellow and keynote speaker (also at Harvard) she gave speeches to audiences of hundreds before she turned thirty.
picture taken from http://apps.facebook.com/facebookshelf/people/1700632880
Vejle, Denmark â AugustÂ 12, 2015 The Manti Fresh compressed gum is a dietary supplement combining calcium compounds, magnesium, peppermint oil and menthol. Promotion on manti.pl highlights that it offers the strength of a tablet and the freshness of gum, while
Staying hot in southern Europe with thunderstorms in central areas Thursday Dry weather continues across Iberia - hot in south-west Spain and Portugal. Slack low pressure over western Europe brings cool and unsettled weather - areas of heavy rain and thunderstorms for France, the Low Countries and Germany, although the Riviera and also Brittany may escape dry. Thundery rain too for the Alps, and a few showers possible for northern-central Italy. Hot and dry for southern Italy, Greece and areas near the Black Sea. Scorching temperatures for the Balkan states, Hungary and Slovakia, also south-eastern Poland, topping 40C. A risk of severe thunderstorms developing and spreading from Austria to the Czech Republic and also across southern Poland. Areas of thundery rain for the Baltic states and Finland, whilst southern Scandinavia should stay dry.
Friday Fine and dry across Portugal and Spain today, feeling hot too. More hot and dry weather in the Balearics and the hot weather persists over Italy. Greece and Turkey will be remaining dry with more sunshine and staying hot. Fine with sunny spells in western France although the risk of some thunderstorms developing in the east. Sunny spells and an odd shower in the Low Countries. Heavy showers across Germany and Poland some of this heavy. Austria, Hungary and Switzerland will have thunderstorms. Fair for Denmark with sunny spells here. Fair for the Baltic States with sunny spells here. Staying dry in Finland with more sunny spells. Remaining fair across Sweden whilst some rain arrives in western Norway.
First gaining recognition through Gilles Petersonâs BBC1 WorldWide radio show with their 2008 track âCombinerâ, Danish collective Boom Clap Bachelors (comprised of Robin Hannibal of Plug Researchâs Quadron, Ronni Vindahl, Thomas Bisballe, and David Cytryn, with additional vocals from Coco O. (also of Quadron), and Liv Lykke) have quickly made a name for themselves through their soulful sounds infused with subtle synth and pop influences.
Signed to Plug Research Music in 2011, following Robin Hannibal and Coco O.âs Quadron deal, Boom Clap Bachelors say theyâre most excited (and anxious) to see how the Danish lyrics of their upcoming EP release MELLEM DINE LÃBER (Between Your Lips) will be received by English-speaking listeners. But one listen to the organic simplicity of âLÃ¸b Stop StÃ¥â (âRun, Stop, Standâ), the dancefloor beckoning âTestikularitetâ (âTesticularityâ), or the fluidity of âSkynd dig langsomtâ ("Hurry Slowly") is proof enough that with Boom Clap Bachelors, nothing gets lost in translation.
Who said the words âSoulâ and âDenmarkâ canât be used in the same sentence?
Denmark is a comely administrative division that is placed in Northern Europe. It was past the domicile of the notable Viking raiders, savage relations that nearly new to suppress lands, but it is now a modern province that is prosperous and, at the very time, preserved its old attractiveness. If you impoverishment to maximise your Denmark holiday, afterwards these are the ten places that you should unquestionably call round.1.) Amalienborg PalaceThis serves as earth to Denmark's stately household. It does not permit any tours covered the buildings, but you can congratulate its attractive building from the exterior. Even if you cannot get in, you will static relish the varying of the guards mundane at exactly noonday.Post ads:remote desktop spy 5.20 crack / listening device detection / 3g call recorder / mobile spice m-7070 / spy mobile phone computer free / digital voice recorder icd-p620 / cope your husband has affair / phone recording microphone / nuisance recorded phone calls2.) Assistant Cemetery
Another week, another post about Minecraft achieving mind-blowing success and creating ongoing joy. Following the awards, the number one slots, mapping the whole of Denmark (really) and the sales, oh […]
Phillip Hoose's "The Boys Who Challenged Hitler: Knud Pedersen and the Churchill Club" is a fascinating true story about the Danish resistance movement galvanized by teenaged boys.
Knud Pedersen and his classmates were furious when the Danish government knuckled under to the Germans on April 9, 1940. Denmark became a "protectorate" , with Nazi [...]
Friday, March 20th was Opening Night at the Bermuda Fest and they kicked off with a film out of Denmark, Flame & Citron. The film takes place in 1944 Denmark during the Nazi occupation. Based on fact, the drama centers on two war resistors and how heroic acts provoked reprisals against innocent civilians. In attendance was Thure Lindhardt who plays Flame. Thure can be seen in the upcoming film Angels & Demons starring Tom Hanks.
We'll keep you posted on all the great films and people we meet at BIFF this week!
Babydan - : pstrongFLEX EXTRA LARGE _ HEARTH GATE (35.4-109.5)_strong_ppThe Baby Dan Flex System consists of flexible panel units that can be used in many ways. Flex XL is perfect for keeping your child away Hearths or fireplaces, as a normal safety for wide openings or as room divider. The gate is easy to mount and you can extend your gate with further section and position all sections as you wish. The extra wide door section provides easy access, and has a double locking handle for extra safety, which can easily be opened with one hand by an adult. Thanks to the quick release fittings, the gate can easily be dismounted from the wall fittings without the use of any tools.br _br _strongBox contains_strong_pulli1 x door section_lili2 x large sections_lili2 x small sections_liliWall fittings_li_ulpFlex XL can be extended indefinitely with extra sections which are available separately.br _br _strongAvailable colours_strong_pulliBlack and white_li_ulpOnly configure system to have been tested and approved in accordance with the newest safety standard EN1930:2011_ppMade in Denmark_p
Last Monday evening we had the first Singapore Oracle Sessions - an informal meetup of Oracle professionals thrown together at the last minute by a few of us.
Morten Egan (or as I believe he is called in Denmark now - The Traitor ) mentioned to me months ago that if there was no user group when we arrived in Singapore, then we should start one. At the time he was the current (now retired) chairman of the Danish Oracle User Group (DOUG, strangely enough) and, as I've presented at and supported various Oracle user events over the years and am an ACE Director, it seemed fitting that we should try to build something for the Singapore Oracle community.
The fact that the Oracle ACE Hemant Chitale works for the same company and that the ACE Director Bjoern Rost would be spending a few days at my place before continuing on to the OTN APAC Tour was too much of an opportunity. After a short chat on Twitter we decided to bite the bullet and I started researching venues and contacted some of the locals. We only had 6 days to arrange it so it was either brave or stupid!
As it came together and (through a few very good contacts) we had more and more attendees registering it started to seem like a reality and eventually Bjoern, Madeleine and I found ourselves walking along to the Bugis area on Monday, hoping for the best. Despite some initial problems finding the venue, we arrived to find the extremely helpful Sean Low of Seminar Room who took excellent care of us.
Within the matter of 15 minutes or so, 33 of the 36 or so who had registered were safely settled in their seats (including my other half Madeleine who *never* attends Oracle stuff!) for my brief introduction during which Sean insisted I try out the hand-held microphone.
My big Sinatra moment (not).
First up was Bjoern Rost of Portrix with "Change the way you think about tuning with SQL Plan Management" which, as those who've seen me present on the subject at Openworld, BGOUG or UKOUG would know is a subject dear to my heart. However, Bjoern seems to have had much more success with it than my failed attempts that were damned by literal values and Dynamic SQL. (I've since had a little more success, but mainly as a narrow solution to very specific problems.)
As you can see, the room was pretty full and the audience very attentive (except for a few people who appear to be mucking around with their phones!). They weren't afraid to ask some interesting and challenging questions too, which I always find very encouraging.
Early in Bjoern's presentation we suffered what I would say was the only significant disappointment of the night as both the drinks and the pizza turned up early! It was nice of the delivery companies not to be late, but my stupid expectation that 7pm meant 7pm ensured that I was standing at the back of the room surrounded by obviously gorgeous pizza that was slowly going cold, not knowing whether I should stop Bjoern in his tracks or not. Manners dictated not (particularly as there were so many people in a small room) but the pizza experience later suggests I was wrong. Lesson learned! (Note that I had to ask others about the pizza as it's on my extensive list of things I don't eat.)
What obviously didn't go wrong at all was the social interaction between all of the attendees and speakers. It probably helped that there were a few attendees from some organisations and that people from different organisations had worked with each other in the past but it's a *long* time since I've felt such a vibrant energy during a break.
I was on next, presenting on "Real Time SQL Monitoring" and apart from a few hiccups with the clicker I borrowed from Bjoern and a couple of slide corrections I need to make, I think it went reasonably well and people seemed as enthused by SQL Mon reports as I've come to expect! With that done, and a quick smoke (I *love* organising an agenda ), it was time for Morten with his "Big Data Primer"
I think this might have been lots of peoples favourite presentation because it wasn't just about Oracle and Morten packed in plenty of the humour I've come to expect from him. Better still, it seemed to work for a quite cosmopolitan audience, so good work!
Afterwards he said a few words asking for people's feedback and whether there was a desire to setup a local user group or just continue with these informal sessions (sponsors permitting) and all of the feedback I heard later showed that people are very keen for a repeat run.
Overall, Monday night felt like a great success.
The passion and enthusiasm of the attendees was very encouraging and reflected in the subsequent feedback which has been consistently positive but also thoughtful so far. There's no question that a decent minority of the local Oracle community are looking for regular opportunities to hear decent speakers on subjects that interest them, meet and discuss issues with each other and also offer to present themselves, which is a great start for any Oracle User Group.
Strangely, I discovered a day or so later that there are already plans for a User Group and the Singapore launch event is next Wednesday. Coincidentally this is only 9 days after SOS! You can look into the APOUG website here and a number of colleagues and I will attend the launch event. I suppose it's a small shame that it's an APAC-wide user group, rather than specific to Singapore, which the number of attendees at such short notice would suggest Singapore can justify, but I'll be interested to see what APOUG has planned.
Big thanks for Alvin from Oracle for endless supplies of fine pizza and Bjoern Rost of Portrix Systems for the room hire (I bought the drinks, which some would say was appropriate but I couldn't possibly comment) and thanks again to all the attendees for making it a fun night!
I didn't notice until I was about to post this that Bjoern had already blogged about the evening and I think he's captured it perfectly.
- "Gravity" music video by KIll J - Added on 10-08-2017 - Genre : Pop - Description : KIll J - Gravity [Official Music Video] - -
Follow Kill J: -
https://www.instagram.com/killjkill/ - - - - - "Denmark's Kill J has been one of our favorite pop artists for a couple of years now, and with every new move it feels like she's sharpening her knife. There's something severe about Kill J's approach to music, whether sonically, lyrically, or visually, and "Gravity" is no exceptionâ¦meticulously crafted song with sleek production and gorgeous melodies..." â Pigeons & Planes - - Avant-garde pop artist Kill J premiered the clip for her latest single, âGravity,â on Pigeons & Planes yesterday. The track was co-produced with Nector and recently premiered on The Line of Best Fit who saidâ¦ - âThe chorus swells in classic ballad fashion, once again confirming that Kill J has a voice that's often unmatched in modern pop music." - - "The video is supposed to illustrate the theme of the song, which is when in a crisis, you can find calm and centeredness in the laws of nature in the same way we do in religion. Gravity is a prayer. Experiencing the wait of your body being drawn down or into another larger body (in our case, the earth) is a peaceful comfort â a relief from anxiety. Because no one and nothing is alone. Everything is constantly being pulled, pushed or drawn towards other bodies. The forces of the universe makes sure it. The light drawings in the video are supposed to illustrate the many similarities between religion and science. The symmetry in religious ornamentation is not so different from the scientific formulas and illustrations we find in science. And in a way, for me, they often tell the same story. I am not religious in a traditional sense. But I have faith. I believe, that science will save us all in the end and deliver us from evil and heartache." - - An artist who always pushes the boundaries of pop music conventions, combining the sweet with the ugly, Kill J is currently putting the finishing touches to her highly anticipated debut studio album for Nettwerk Records. - - Kill J was catapulted into the global spotlight with her first single âPhoenixâ in late 2013. Her debut EP, Quasi, was released in 2016 along with a slew of critically acclaimed performances at the renowned international arts festival SXSW. Kill J has already gained a legion of fans in the media including Stereogum, Pigeons and Planes, NYLON, The Guardian, SPIN, The Line of Best Fit, and The Fader, whilst receiving airplay from the likes of Huw Stephens and Annie Mac on BBC Radio 1. - - Kill J is an alias for classically trained singer/songwriter/pianist Julie Aagaard, whose formative years were heavily influenced by American pop acts like Mariah Carey to Icelandâs Bjork. At 19, she decided to stray from becoming a classical singer and refocus her talent. The result is a sound that loosely reflects her early musical influences while creating something that is uniquely her. - - Tags : 2017, 10s, KIll J
I had a wonderful time this weekend. We had our much loved neighbors up for a lovely dinner and another dear friend made the journey over from Colmar to join us. We enjoyed wonderful food, good wine and sugar. The next day I woke up to a tight chest. My bronchitis seemed to have returned, with a vengeance. I did all the things I could to help it out, the steam treatments, the herbal tea and the Clear Lungs. The next day, yesterday I woke up to nausea again. Total rebellion from my body and hives. I realized that this is not just another case of stomach flu, or whatever else I could blame it on. I am convinced with this recurring scenario that something is rotten in Denmark.
This week is the Glowing Skin Summit. Something I have been waiting for and excited to watch. It involves five guest speakers each day talking on the topic of healthy skin. I am deeply interested in the subject and so even though I am feeling quite ill this week it has been playing in the background each day. So yesterday when I was feeling my worst, after I discovered the hives all over me and was just feeling really down, I was listening to this woman talk on one of the videos. But she wasn't really talking about skin, she was talking about headaches and hives and nausea. Everything I have been suffering from. In fact she sounded like she was talking about me. That's when I realized, my body is reacting to the food I put in it this weekend! It really makes perfect sense. Each time I let myself slip I end up sick. Each time it seems a bit more aggressive. My immune system seems to be at a complete low. I had four rounds of antibiotics in October and November. I am starting to have recurring bronchitis, something I haven't had problems with in years. This woman talked of candida and how sugar feeds it. How rounds of antibiotics encourage it. I will spare you all the gruesome details but it is true that my reactions to antibiotics have become quite severe.
The pieces are starting to come together.
So I have decided to go on an elimination diet and see if my symptoms clear up. I am already pretty strict with what I eat so it shouldn't be too hard. I am interested to see if this will yield good results. I know I am tired of this never ending 'Ring around the Rosy'. I will let you all know how it turns out.
In the meantime, I am down this week. Lots of sleep and a little cross stitch is about all I am up to. I have several projects that I wanted to finish up and show you but I finally realized that they are not going to happen. I have to let myself heal and stop stressing about the things that are undone. There will be time for that later.
So I leave you with a photo, an update on my cross stitch. It won't be long till she is finished!
Via bioRxiv: Centenarian Hotspots in Denmark. The abstract: Background: The study of regions with high prevalence of centenarians is motivated by a desire to find determinants of healthy ageing. While existing research has focused on selected candidate geographical regions, we...
The pre-competition top picks – last thumped out of this opposition in 1993 – had driven when Isabel Kerschowski terminated in at an early stage. Be that as it may, Nadia Nadim gestured Denmark level after half-time and Theresa Nielsen’s late header finished the rebound. It is just Germany’s third misfortune in the 26-year history of the opposition. The Olympic champions – positioned second on the planet – made a lot of possibilities but on the other hand were much of the time opened up at the back by a Denmark side who, after a cheeky begin, turned out to
Switzerland and Denmark are considering measures which could lead to the return of decriminalised cannabis in 2012. In both cases, the main reason for the proposed change is to reduce the harm caused by pushing cannabis onto the black market. The simple, inarguable fact is that cannabis will continue to be consumed for its medicinal […]
Cat Power- Silent Machine - Sun
Joi- A Desert Storm - Joi Sound System
- voicebreak -
Pretenders- I Hurt You Denmark Street Demo Bonus Track - Learning To Crawl Expanded Remastered
Chui Wan- Beijing Is Sinking - Chui Wan
Khaira Arby- Tchini TchiniGossipCommerages - Gossip
Papercuts- Mockingbird - Mockingbird Deluxe Edition
The Blue Aeroplanes- What It Is - Swagger
ROCKERS HIFI- One With Another - MISH MASH
Dub Specialist- Freedom - Dub
Scarlett Johansson- Song For Jo - Anywhere I Lay My Head Deluxe Edition
The Decemberists- The Harrowed And The Haunted - Florasongs EP
Fleetwood Mac- I Know Im Not Wrong 12379 Version - Tusk Deluxe Remastered
Belle And Sebastian- Meat And Potatoes - The Third Eye Centre
MGMT- All We Ever Wanted Was Everything - Late Night Tales MGMT
Cocteau Twins- Road River And Rail - Heaven Or Las Vegas Remastered
Television Personalities- Stop And Smell The Roses - Part Time Punks
The Velvet Underground- Ocean - Late Night Tales MGMT
Jeff Rosenstock- Im Serious Im Sorry - We Cool
Blow Up Hollywood- Puppet - The Diaries Of Private Henry Hill
Spoon- They Never Got You Home Demo - Gimme Fiction Deluxe Edition
The Mynabirds- Hanged Man - Lovers Know
Locas In Love- The Light Will Stay On - Got No Chains The Songs Of The Walkabouts
Drew Holcomb The Neighbors- Aint Nobody Got It Easy - Medicine
Steve Wynn- If Music Could Talk - The Sandinista Project
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Nick Cave The Bad Seeds- Push The Sky Away Live From KCRW - Live From KCRW
Monophonics- Everyones Got - Sound Of Sinning
The Chills- Pyramid When The Poor Can Reach The Moon - Silver Bullets
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Algiers- Old Girl - Algiers
Foals- Albatross - What Went Down
The Wood Brothers- River Of Sin - Paradise
Franz Ferdinand- Right Action - Right Thoughts Right Words Right Action Deluxe Edition
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Giant Sand- House In Order - Heartbreak Pass
Giant Sand- Forever And Always - Heartbreak Pass
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KOMPAS.com. Penggunaan telepon genggam di dunia terus meluas. Menurut International Telecommunication Union, pemakai telepon genggam tahun ini diperkirakan mencapai lima miliar. Manusia semakin sulit lepas dari genggaman telepon genggam di kesehariannya.
Kenyataan ini memicu kekhawatiran akan dampak jangka panjang radiasi akibat penggunaan telepon genggam terhadap kesehatan. Dugaan dampak radiasi telepon genggam terhadap kesehatan ini dimunculkan banyak peneliti dari sejumlah negara. Penelitian yang luas dilakukan menyebutkan, penyakit yang diduga berkaitan dengan penggunaan telepon genggam antara lain kanker, terutama kanker otak, serta penyakit yang berhubungan dengan saraf, tumor mata, hingga alzheimer.
Namun, penelitian seputar dampak penggunaan telepon genggam terhadap kesehatan, terutama peningkatan angka kejadian kanker, masih pro-kontra. Kesimpulan akan dampak radiasi gelombang mikro dari telepon genggam itu dinilai sumir karena teknologi telepon genggam ke depan masih terus berkembang.
Studi lainnya adalah kaitan antara penggunaan telepon genggam dan peningkatan kasus kecelakaan bermotor. Penggunaan telepon genggam saat menyetir dapat mengganggu konsentrasi yang mengakibatkan mudahnya terjadi kecelakaan yang merenggut jiwa.
Penelitian itu kemudian didukung dengan pelarangan penggunaan telepon genggam di jalan raya. Di Indonesia, pelarangan juga sudah diberlakukan meskipun pada kenyataannya tanpa pengawasan yang ketat.
Tetapi dalam kaitan kesehatan, seperti tumor otak, kanker kulit, atau penyakit-penyakit yang berkaitan dengan saraf masih belum ada titik temu meskipun dampak kesehatan itu dilihat dari penggunaan telepon genggam yang memperhitungkan lamanya seseorang menggunakan telepon genggam.
Di tengah upaya untuk memecahkan misteri dampak penggunaan telepon genggam dengan kesehatan jangka panjang, peneliti Inggris meluncurkan program penelitian terbesar di dunia pada akhir April lalu. Penelitian yang memakan waktu 20-30 tahun ke depan itu diyakini bisa jadi studi yang semakin obyektif untuk menganalisis dampak penggunaan telepon genggam pada kesehatan penggunanya akibat radiasi.
Studi terbesar di dunia tentang keamanan penggunaan telepon genggam itu bakal merekrut 250.000 pengguna telepon genggam di lima negara di Eropa. Pengguna yang diteliti dari Inggris, Finlandia, Denmark, Swedia, dan Belanda.
Prof Lawrie Challis, anggota peneliti, mengatakan, studi ini penting. âKami belum bisa mengatakan dengan pasti bahwa telepon genggam memicu kanker. Bukti-bukti yang ada belum kuat,â kata Challis.
Dalam silang pendapat di antara ilmuwan tersebut, dari sekarang perlu diambil langkah untuk memonitor pengaruh telepon genggam pada kesehatan. Hasilnya akan dinilai obyektif karena pengguna yang dipantau jumlahnya besar dan diamati dalam jangka waktu lama.
Mireille Toledano dari Imperial College London menjelaskan, studi ini bukan cuma diarahkan untuk kanker otak. Sebab, penggunaan telepon genggam amat beragam termasuk berselancar di situs internet, yang berarti telepon tidak selalu di kepala.
Yang akan dilihat juga adalah kaitannya pada masalah kesehatan yang lebih luas, termasuk bentuk lain dari kanker, seperti kanker kulit, dan penyakit otak lainnya, seperti penyakit neurodegenerative.
Dalam kaitan penelitian ini, yang dimasalahkan adalah biasanya tergantung pada berapa banyak penggunaan telepon genggam. Penggunaan telepon genggam akan dicatat detail.
Peneliti juga akan memonitor WIFI, telepon tanpa kabel dan penggunaan monitor bayi oleh peserta sebaik dengan penggunaan teknologi yang bergerak, untuk mendapatkan gambaran yang lengkap tentang terpaan pada semua radiasi tipe elektromagnetik.
Sejumlah penelitian yang berlangsung antara lain tentang pengaruh penggunaan telepon genggam pada tumor otak, yang dilakukan selama empat tahun oleh Universitas Leeds, Nottingham, dan Universitas Manchester and Institute of Cancer Research, London. Tahun 2006, peneliti Inggris mengatakan, tidak ada kaitan antara penggunaan telepon genggam dan meningkatnya angka kejadian tumor otak glioma yang biasa terjadi di otak atau tulang belakang.
Andreas Stang dari Martin Luther University of Halle Wittenberg di Jerman dan koleganya melakukan percobaan menguji hubungan antara penggunaan telepon genggam dan risiko uveal melanoma pada 459 pasien dan 1.194 pengontrol.
Mereka dikelompokkan menurut jumlah penggunaan waktu menelepon, tidak pernah menggunakan, pengguna sporadis, dan pengguna reguler. Tidak ada data signifikan antara penggunaan telepon sampai 10 tahun. âKami mengamati tidak ada peningkatan angka kejadian uveal melanoma di antara pengguna telepon genggam atau peralatan radio di Jerman, di mana teknologi telepon digital dikenalkan awal 1990-an,â katanya.
Peneliti lain menemukan ada banyak anak muda yang mengeluhkan sakit di ibu jari, leher, dan tangan saat mengetik pesan layanan pesan singkat (SMS). Studi itu dilakukan Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Swedia. Untuk mengatasi, perlu dilihat penyebabnya seberapa sering pengguna memakai keypad telepon yang kecil. Juga perlu diperhatikan postur tubuh dan jangan mengetik dengan satu ibu jari.
Bagi mereka yang gemar ber-SMS dalam waktu lama, disarankan jangan duduk dengan posisi sama dalam waktu lama. Perlu juga meregangkan jemari dan menggunakan dua ibu jari.
Memang belum ditemukan bukti kuat pengaruh kesehatan pada pengguna telepon genggam anak-anak dan orang dewasa. Para ahli menyarankan penggunaan telepon genggam untuk anak-anak mesti dibatasi. Anak-anak dalam pandangan sejumlah peneliti mudah diserang radiasi microwave karena saraf-saraf mereka masih berkembang, sementara tengkorak mereka masih tipis dibandingkan dengan orang dewasa.
Radiasi yang ditransmisikan telepon genggam bukan radiasi sinar-X, tetapi radiasi microwave. Sebagian ilmuwan khawatir akibat radiasi itu bisa menghancurkan sel-sel otak karena telepon dipakai dekat ke kepala.
Dari studi oleh Pusat Studi Pendidikan Universitas Sheffield Hallam, Inggris, ditemukan 90 persen anak di bawah usia 16 tahun memiliki telepon genggam pribadi dan satu dari 10 menghabiskan waktu lebih dari 45 menit memakainya. Penggunaan SMS di kalangan anak-anak juga tinggi.
Dalam situasi tak pasti disarankan setiap orang berupaya meminimalkan terpaan radiasi dari telepon genggam.
Penggunaan telepon genggam sebisa mungkin jangan sampai membuat ketergantungan yang berlebihan karena bisa memicu stres yang suatu saat juga bisa juga memicu kanker. Disarankan penggunaan hands free saat bercakap-cakap guna meminimalkan radiasi ke otak.
FREDERICTON — A University of New Brunswick researcher says a new survey dispels the myth that most young people are enjoying fun, pleasurable sex lives.
Lucia O'Sullivan, a psychology professor at the Fredericton university, said more than three-quarters of young men and women struggle with bad sex lives — with one or more "persistent and distressing" problems in sexual functioning.
"We have this image that partnered sexual life for young people, particularly at the beginning, is fun, pleasurable and really hedonistic," she said Wednesday. "But what we found once we started tracking them over time is that many young people have sexual problems they are dealing with."
The survey of more than 400 young people aged 16 to 21 in New Brunswick found 79 per cent of young men and 84 per cent of young women reported sexual problems over a two-year period.
If they're not enjoying it ... they're doing it because they feel they should.
Common problems for men included low sexual satisfaction, low desire and problems in erectile function, while women reported an inability to reach orgasm, low satisfaction and pain.
"It's scarily common amongst young people to have really bad, painful, unwanted sex," O'Sullivan said. "If they're not enjoying it ... they're doing it because they feel they should."
Some of the problems could be chalked up to a learning curve, she said, especially issues related to controlling ejaculation for men or learning how to orgasm for women.
But O'Sullivan, whose research focuses on sexuality and intimate relationships, said the high rates of disinterest, low arousal and poor satisfaction are a bigger concern.
If sexual problems go unresolved, she warned they could develop into a more serious sexual dysfunction later in life, putting a strain on relationships.
O'Sullivan launched the survey after a doctor at the university health centre remarked on the high number of students with erectile issues, pain and — in particular — vulvar fissures, or tearing.
"The standard of care was to hand them this lubrication and to let them know they are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections," she said. "But then she started asking them 'Are you having sex that you want, that you are interested in? Are you aroused?' and she began to realize that there was a more serious problem."
Part of the issue lies with sex education in Canada, O'Sullivan said.
We never say 'By the way, this should be a fun part of your life.'
"We have always educated young people about the problems of sex. We think about it in terms of 'Don't have it and if you do have it, make sure you prevent this calamity,'" she said. "We never say 'By the way, this should be a fun part of your life.'"
Despite improvements in sexual education, O'Sullivan said Canada continues to lag many western European countries including Denmark, which she called the poster child for sex education starting in kindergarten.
Proposals to improve sexual education in Canada are often met by a small but vocal minority that is "screechingly loud" in its opposition, she said.
"It creates so much fuss that everyone freaks out," O'Sullivan said. "But we know that providing comprehensive sex education gives people options, choices, power and decision-making capacity. They actually delay sexual activity, they have safer sex and lower rates of (sexually transmitted infections) and pregnancy."
Access to porn might also be to blame
Another issue influencing the sexual lives of young people is media exposure and the prevalence of pornography, she said.
"Access to porn is broader, greater, bigger, more frequent and more extreme than ever before," O'Sullivan said. "You don't just rely on your dad's porn magazines anymore.
"We're beginning to worry that it's actually shifting what they think is normal."
New Delhi: The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on Monday declared its report on the Human Development Index (HDI) which ranked India at 130, an improvement of 5 positions from its previous ranking.
The report, compiled on the basis of estimates for 2014, ranked Norway at the top.
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Faith
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Tom Shipka (2015)
Â Â Â Religious people often refer to faith as a precious gift from God which they cherish. (1) Â But what exactly is this gift called faith? Â And is it really precious? Â According to Websterâs dictionary, faith is âfirm belief in something for which there is no proof.â (2) Â By contrast, knowledge is belief in something for which there is proof. Â Thus, if you believe in the parting of the Red Sea, the virgin birth, the miracle of the loaves and fishes, the resurrection, and heaven and hell, you have faith, and if you believe that water boils at 212 degrees Fahrenheit, that smoking cigarettes is harmful to a person, that regular exercise is helpful to a person, that there are over seven billion humans today on the planet earth, and that you should stop when a traffic signal is red, you have knowledge. Â Faith is the foundation of religion while reason and science are the foundation of knowledge.
Â Â Â Having said this, letâs acknowledge, however, that faith does play a role in science. Â A scientist often embraces a belief without proof tentatively as a hypothesis, sometimes based on a mere hunch, to test whether it is supported by evidence. Â If the hypothesis turns out to be confirmed by the evidence, he or she then publishes the results of the research to peers so that they can evaluate the validity of the test and duplicate its findings. Â This type of provisional âfaithâ is markedly different from that exhibited in religion where believers typically embrace a belief as a certainty with no intent (or even possibility) to test it as scientists do. Â Â Â
Â Â Â While faith is held in high regard by tens of millions of Americans, the fact is that once we endorse faith, once we authorize people to believe without proof, we open a Pandoraâs Box, (3) for faith takes people down many different paths, including harmful and destructive ones. Â Consider a few representative examples from Christianity and Islam in todayâs world (4):
Â Â Â *Some Christians, following a passage in the Epistle of James (5:14), rely exclusively on prayer and never on doctors, to heal the sick. Â This results in the avoidable death of hundreds, if not thousands, in the U.S. every year, especially children;
Â Â Â *Some Christians, believing that God directs them to stop abortions at any cost, murder employees and patients at womenâs clinics; (5)
Â Â Â *Some Muslims, following passages in the Qurâan (Sura 4:76 and Sura 8:12) and the Hadith (Muslim 1:20), the teachings and deeds of the prophet Muhammed, seek to murder non-Muslims - infidels - even at the cost of their own lives, resulting in violent attacks around the world; (6) andÂ
Â Â Â *In many majority-Muslim nations, Sharia, a legal system based on the Qurâan and the Haddith, provides that the rape of a woman can be proven only by admission of the rapist or the testimony of four male witnesses. (7) Â The victimâs testimony is inadmissible. Â Further, Sharia also provides that a man determined to be a rapist need only pay his victim a fee and, remarkably, that a woman whose claim of rape is not corroborated by the rapist or four witnesses is subject to punishment as a fornicator or adulterer. (8)
Â Â Â As bad as these expressions of faith are, the situation could be worse. Â This is because the faithful often cherry-pick scriptures and religious teachings. Â For instance, if Christians followed the Bible to the letter,Â
Â Â Â *They would own slaves (Leviticus 25:44-46, Ephesians 6:5); (9)Â
Â Â Â *They would murder homosexuals (Leviticus 20:13), unruly children (Exodus 21:15, Exodus 21:17), non-virgin brides (Deuteronomy 22:20-21), and adulterers (Deuteronomy 22:22-24); (10) andÂ
Â Â Â *They would condemn divorce (Mark 10:2-12, Luke 16:18) and tattoos (Leviticus 19:28). (11)Â
Â Â Â So, what is the lesson here? Â Itâs the same lesson taught in the 19th century by W.K. Clifford, a British mathematician. (12) Â Recognizing that our beliefs translate into actions which can cause harm to ourselves and others, Clifford insisted that we acquire proof â what he called âsufficient evidenceâ â before we embrace and act upon a belief. Â For Clifford, this requires the path of reason and science, not the path of faith. Â In essence, Clifford warns that the path of faith is a dead end â literally and figuratively. Â
Â Â Â I have little hope that a majority of humans near or far will heed Cliffordâs warning any time soon. Â Those who believe that they speak and act on the commands of Christianityâs God or Islamâs Allah or some other god, or their messenger, will obey those commands at any cost. Â The proof that reason demands is irrelevant to them.
1.Many Christians whom I know tell me that their faith prompts them to support their church, pay their debts, obey the law, respect others, engage in prayer and forgiveness, give to charity, retain hope in the face of illness and setbacks, and do volunteer work in the community. Â Further, many believers insist that faith in divine justice in the hereafter is essential to a moral life on earth and that faith in Godâs power and love can cure addiction, crime, and violence. Â On the issue of whether religion is indispensable to moral behavior in a society, see Phil Zuckerman, Society without God: What the Least Religious Nations Can Tell Us About Contentment, New York University Press, 2008. Â This study of Denmark and Sweden, where most people are atheist or agnostic, shows that violent crime is very low and overall societal health is very high compared to religious nations such as the United States. Â
2.Websterâs Tenth New Collegiate Dictionary, p. 418.
3.According to an ancient Greek myth, the gods bestowed gifts upon the beautiful Pandora in a box but instructed her never to open it. Â When her curiosity won out, however, she opened the box only to discover to her shock that she unleashed illnesses and hardships galore upon the human race. Â Â
4.The focus here is contemporary faith-based beliefs. Â Poignant examples are available from the past, including the Crusades, the Inquisition, witch hunts, persecution of Jews by Christians in Europe, human sacrifice in South America, etc. Â
5.Other examples from Christianity include these. Â Some Christians, following Proverbs 22:15, beat their children, and in many Christian families, following Ephesians 5:22-24, wives are subservient to their husbands;Â
6.The Qurâan says: âI will cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve. Â Therefore strike off their heads and strike off every fingertip of themâ (Sura 8:12) and âThe true believers fight for the cause of God, but the infidels fight for the devil. Â Fight then against the friends of Satan.â (Sura 4:76) Â Also, the Hadith says: âThe Messenger of Allah said: I have been commanded to fight against people so long as they do not declare that there is no God but Allah.â Â (Muslim 1:30)
7.Needless to say, if they witnessed the rape, they were complicit in it.Â
8.Other examples from Islam include the following: Â In many majority-Muslim nations, Sharia forbids criticism of Islam, and calls for jail, torture, or death for those deemed apostates or heretics; Saudi Arabia, a wealthy Muslim nation, promotes Wahhabism, an extreme form of Islam, and sponsors madrassas around the world, âschools,â which often exclude girls and where the curriculum consists mainly of memorizing the Qurâan and studying Islam; and violence periodically breaks out in the Middle East between Sunni and Shia Muslims who consider one another heretics.
9.The Qurâan also permits the owning of slaves. Â See Sura 5:89 and Sura 23:1.
10.Thus, the Christian county official in Kentucky who refused to sign marriage permits for same-sex couples in 2015 violated Biblical commands by doing too little.
11.Examples of faith-based nonsense in other countries include these: Â In at least three nations in Africa â Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Guinea â the spread of Ebola is fueled by family members and friends washing and dressing the body of the deceased and mourners at the funeral touching it to make sure that the dead donât return to haunt the living; in India, where believers take their own religion as superior to others, violence regularly breaks out among Hindus, Christians, and Muslims; and following Hindu tradition, some women whose husbands die choose to immolate themselves on their husbandâs funeral pyre even if they have young children.
12.See W.K. Clifford, âThe Ethics of Belief,â Contemporary Review, 1877.
In a new book entitled Fading Faith â The Rise of the Secular Age, (1)James A. Haught proposes that there is a significant decline in religion in the developed nations. (2) In France, for instance, less than 7% of adults attend church regularly. In Denmark and Sweden the figure drops to 5%. Across Europe only 15% of adults attend church. In England, the percentage of children attending Sunday School dropped from 50% in 1900 to 4% in 2000. In a recent poll in England which asked people to identify the most inspirational figures in history, only 1% named Jesus; 65% named Nelson Mandela. In Ireland, the Archdiocese of Dublin ordained only one priest in 2004 and none in 2005. The pattern is much the same in Canada, Australia, Japan, New Zealand, and Israel. (3)
At first glance it would seem that the United States is an exception to this trend. After all, faith-based programs continue in the White House. Few seculars win elections. (4) Mega-churches proliferate. Religion-driven referenda, such as prohibitions against gay marriage, pass by huge margins. Religious schools get thumbs up from the U.S. Supreme Court on vouchers and tax credits. Contributions to religious groups continue to increase. (5) Sectarian prayers begin the meetings of countless public bodies and we have a National Day of Prayer. Faith-healers who deny traditional medical care to their sick children are immune from prosecution by law in dozens of states. Finally, 45% of Americans reject evolution in favor of divine creation. (6)
According to Haught, however, America is not an exception to the secular trend. He cites the following:
NONES, those who have no religious affiliation, have grown to 45 million and are the second largest segment of the adult population in America after Catholics;
NONES make up 30% to 40% of young Americans;
Since 1990, 20 million Catholics left the church. Today, 10% of American adults are lapsed Catholics;
In the past fifty years in the United States, 20,000 Catholic priests left the priesthood and the number of Catholic seminarians dropped from 10,000 in 1965 to 3,400 in 2002;
One out of four Americans say that "religion has no place in their lives" and one-half report that they seldom or never attend church (7);
In the past fifty years the seven main Protestant sects in America lost 10 million members. The Methodist Church, in fact, lost an average of 1,000 members per week for nearly fifty years; and
The percentage of Christians in the U.S. population has declined by 10% since 1990. (8)
Is Haught right about rising secularism in America? In my judgment, he is. Although the decline in religion in America is less severe than in Europe, the trend is clear. On the other hand, there is no guarantee that it will continue. In 1965 Harvard theologian Harvey Cox predicted the demise of traditional religion in America in a book entitled The Secular City. Soon after its release, there was a dramatic religious resurgence. Perhaps another one is around the corner.
Gustav Broukal Press, 2010. Haught is editor of The Charleston Gazette, West Virginia's largest newspaper. Fading Faith is his ninth book. He has won twenty national journalism awards.
Haught acknowledges that religion remains strong in the Third World, in Muslim nations, and in immigrant communities in Europe and North America.
Haught, pp. 11-16. In Canada from 1990 to 2000, the Anglican Church lost half its members, the United Church of Christ lost 39%, and the Presbyterian Church lost 35%.
Some secular candidates camouflage their views lest they incite opposition from believers. One Ohio legislator that I knew, an agnostic, gave the invocation at the legislative prayer breakfasts.
In 2004 Americans contributed some $88 billion to religious groups.
One can add to this list. For instance, the Ten Commandments grace many public buildings, including City Hall in Youngstown, Ohio, crosses and Christmas nativity scenes are found on public property in many communities, and creationist literature is sold in some national parks.
This is from a 2009 survey by Parade magazine. See Haught, p. 25.
Yet it remains high. Around 76% self-identify as Christian, even though many of these have no official connection to a Christian sect or attend church regularly. Haught draws most of the points reported here mainly from reports by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, and Trinity College's American Religious Identification Survey (ARIS), two highly respected sources.
During the years 2005 and 2006, American sociologist Phil Zuckerman spent fourteen months in Denmark and Sweden to study these two societies. In a recent book, he reports these findings: (1)
Denmark and Sweden have among the lowest rates of violent crime in the world. (pp. 28-29) (2)
Denmark and Sweden have the lowest rates of HIV and AIDS in the world. (p. 27)
Sweden is third and Denmark is fifth in the world in economic competitiveness. (p. 27)
On gender equality, Denmark is second and Sweden is third in the world. (p. 27)
On access to the Internet, Sweden is third and Denmark is fourth in the world. (p. 28)
Denmark and Sweden are tied for the lowest infant mortality rates in the world with Norway, Iceland, Japan, and Singapore. (p. 26)
Denmark and Sweden are tied for first place with the Netherlands in the health and safety of children. (p. 26)
Denmark ranks fourth and Sweden ranks eighth in the world in the standard of living. (p. 27)
Political corruption is virtually non-existent in Denmark and Sweden. (p. 28)
Denmark and Sweden are tied for first in the world in a recent international study of social justice (p. 30) (3), and
Denmark ranks second and Sweden ranks third in the world in financial aid to poor nations. (p. 29)
Thus, according to Zuckerman, Danes and Swedes are among the most contented and generous people on the planet. But that's not all that Zuckerman has to report about these two nations. Remarkably, he notes, two of the most prosperous societies in the world are also two of the least religious. (4) Indeed, a huge majority in both countries are atheists or agnostics. Only 24% of Danes and 16% of Swedes believe in a personal God compared to more than 90% in the United States. (p. 24) Only 18% of Danes and 33% of Swedes believe in heaven compared to 80% of Americans. Only 10% of Danes and Swedes believe in hell compared to 75% of Americans. (p. 11, pp. 24-25) This is the lowest rate of belief in hell in the entire world! (p. 25) Next, only 7% of Danes and 3% of Swedes believe that the Bible is the literal word of God compared to 33% in the United States. (p. 25) Further, Danes and Swedes have the lowest church attendance in the world with only 3% of Danes and 7% of Swedes attending regularly. (p. 25, p. 162) (5) Also, only 8% of Danes and 15% of Swedes consider it important for a politician to believe in God compared to 64% of Americans who do (p. 12), and contrary to public and private practice in America, very few Danes and Swedes pray. (p. 2) Finally, more than 80% of Danes and Swedes accept evolution while less than half our population does. (p. 10) (6)
Professor Zuckerman sees an important lesson for us in his study of Denmark and Sweden. Contrary to what we've heard from "certain outspoken conservative Christians" (7), the sociologist suggests, a secular society need not be a scene of violence and depravity. (p. 4, pp. 17-18) Denmark and Sweden, he says, are not only "impressive models of societal health" (p. 17) but living proof that humans can survive and prosper without religion. (pp. 55-56) (8)
Zuckerman reports his findings in Society without God: What the Least Religious Nations Can Tell Us About Contentment, New York University Press, 2008. All references hereinafter are to page numbers of this book.
For instance, in Aarhus, Denmark, a city of 250,000 residents, there was a total of one murder in 2004. (p. 6)
This study was done by a German group of social scientists associated with an institute called Hans-Bocker Stiftung. (p. 30) Denmark and Sweden are not without problems, however. Taxes are high, there is social friction due to recent waves of immigration, children eat too much candy, rates of bicycle thefts are high, fertility rates are low, and alcohol consumption is high. (p. 34)
Other irreligious societies are the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, South Korea, Estonia, France, Japan, Bulgaria, Norway, England, Scotland, Wales, Hungary, and Belgium. (p. 25) Zuckerman points out that in all of these relatively secular societies the citizens freely gravitated from a religious to an irreligious perspective unlike North Korea, the former Soviet Union, China, and Albania where the governments attempted to impose secularism on the citizens. Zuckerman says that forced secularism doesn't work. See pp. 20-22.
Paradoxically, despite the fact that most Danes and Swedes are atheists or agnostics and don't attend church regularly, 83% of Danes and 80% of Swedes continue voluntarily to pay a tax to the National Church, which is Lutheran (p. 112), and many hold traditional events such as weddings, baptisms, confirmations, and funerals in church. Zuckerman says that Danes and Swedes, while rejecting the supernatural dimensions of Christianity - Jesus performed miracles, Jesus was God, Jesus rose from the dead, the Bible is God's revelation, the Genesis account of creation is accurate, there is an afterlife with a heaven and a hell, etc. â maintain a "cultural religion" similar to many Jews. (pp. 153-155) Oddly, in Denmark a person may be a pastor and an atheist. (p. 154)
Despite the fact that Danes and Swedes are irreligious, they are not hostile to religion, they shun serious discussions of it, they deem a person's views about religion a private matter, and many non-believers dislike being labeled an atheist because they take the term to imply hostility to religion. Further, many non-believers self-identify as "Christians." When one asks them what it means to be a Christian, they say it means being kind, helping people who need help, not hurting others, etc. As a rule they reject the supernatural components. See Chapter 8, "Cultural Religion," pp. 150-166. Also, see pp. 97-109.
Zuckerman lists the following examples of Christian conservatives who claim that a society that is irreligious will fail: Pat Robertson, the late Jerry Falwell, Ann Coulter, Bill O'Reilly, Laura Schlesinger, William Bennett, Rush Limbaugh, and Paul Weyrich. (p. 4, pp. 17-18)
American fundamentalists will no doubt object to Zuckerman's strongly favorable evaluation of Denmark and Sweden by noting that in these countries abortion has been legal for more than thirty years, prostitution is legal, and homosexuality is tolerated.
tadi Tentang Sumpah PEMUDA Sekarang saya share tentang Perjuangan bangsa Indonesia Dan Rencana pembangunan . . . . . . . . .
Usaha bangsa Indonesia mencapai Persatuan Bangsa,Kesatuan Negara, dan Keutuhan Nusantara telah melewati jangka waktu yang sangat panjang. Setelah mengalami penjajahan Belanda selama lebih dari tiga abad, menjelang akhir abad ke 19 timbul kesadaran bahwa bangsa Indonesia yang bercerai berai dengan mudah dapat di adu-domba satu sama lain yang tidak memungkinkan tercapainya cita-cita untuk memerdekakan bangsa. Dengan lahirnya Boedi Oetomo tahun 1908, Kebangkitan Nasional Indonesia mulai bersemi, khususnya tentang pentingnya unsur pendidikan bagi usaha-usaha mencapai kemerdekaan, kemajuan dan kemakmuran. Kebangkitan Kebangsaan tersebut kemudian melahirkan Kesadaran Politik yang menghimpun segala kemampuan rakyat dan golongan melalui Partai Politik, baik yang bersifat keagamaan, nasionalisme, maupun sosialisme. Diperlukan waktu 20 tahun sejak munculnya rasa Kebangkitan Nasional 1908 untuk dapat melahirkan rasa Kesatuan Kebangsaan dalam Sumpah Pemuda tahun 1928 yang menyatakan tekad rakyat Indonesia untuk hidup sebagai Satu Bangsa, dalam Satu Tanah Air, dengan satu bahasa persatuan yaitu Bahasa Indonesia.
Perjuangan politik Bangsa Indonesia yang dijiwai oleh Sumpah Pemuda 1928 tersebut memerlukan waktu 17 tahun lagi untuk mencapai Proklamasi Kemerdekaan yang pada dasarnya menegaskan bahwa bangsa Indonesia yang telah bangkit dan bersatu itu ingin dan bertekad untuk hidup dalam Satu Negara yaitu Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia yang di proklamasikan tahun 1945. NKRI 1945 itu ditopang dan dijiwai oleh semangat Pancasila, UUD 1945, Negara Kesatuan, prinsip Bhineka Tunggal Ika dengan semangat musyawarah dan mufakat disertai tradisi gotong royong. Diperlukan pula waktu lebih dari 4 tahun dalam perang kemerdekaan yang mengorbankan jiwa raga dan harta benda bangsa yang tidak sedikit untuk memperjuangkan pengakuan dunia internasional terhadap Negara Indonesia tersebut yang baru tercapai setelah Konferensi Meja Bundar di Denhaag tahun 1949, 40 tahun setelah kebangkitan bangsa 1908. NKRI yang lahir tahun 1945 itu pernah mengalami tantangan dari semangat federalis yang didalangi oleh kekuatan kolonial melalui Negara Republik Indonesia Serikat (RIS) yang umurnya tidak lebih dari setahun dan yang kemudian ditinggalkan oleh bangsa Indonesia karena dijiwai oleh kepentingan colonial yang menentang berdirinya NKRI. Dalam tahun 1950 Indonesia kembali kepada Negara Kesatuan. Tetapi dengan system pemerintahan yang bersifat parlementer. Sementara itu, Republik Indonesia mengalami pula pergantian-pergantian UUD antara lain melalui UUD RIS (1949-1950) dan UUD RI 1950 (1950-1959), dan kembali lagi ke UUD 1945 pada tahun 1959, yaitu 50 tahun sejak Kebangkitan Nasional 1908. Sejarah memperlihatkan bahwa Republik Indonesia dengan jiwa demokrasi parlementer sejak 1950 tidak mampu membawa kestabilan di dalam negeri. Pemerintah silih berganti dengan koalisi partai politik yang berubah-rubah, pertentangan ideologi tetap berlanjut disertai pertentanganÃÂ-pertentangan yang disebabkan oleh rasa keagamaan dan rasa kedaerahan yang berlebihan, sementara kekuatan asing tetap mengintai untuk melihat agar Indonesia tetap terpecah belah, sedangkan perjuangan mengembalikan Irian Barat (kini Papua) kepangkuan NKRI tetap mengalami kemacetan. Sementara itu, Indonesia mulai merasakan bahwa salah satu faktor dari sulitnya mengembangkan Persatuan Bangsa dan Kesatuan Negara tersebut adalah komposisi geografis Indonesia sebagai negara kepulauan yang diselingi oleh laut-laut yang luas. Pada mulanya, sesuai dengan ketentuan Hukum Internasional pada waktu itu dirumuskan oleh negara-negara kolonial, kedaulatan Indonesia di laut hanyalah sampai tiga mil laut dari pantai masing-masing pulau. Dengan demikian maka laut-laut antar pulau Indonesia dianggap sebagai laut bebas yang dapat dimanfaatkan oleh siapa saja dan negara mana saja, termasuk ruangnya dan kekayaan alamnya, dan dalam beberapa hal malah juga dimanfaatkan untuk mengadu-domba dan memisahkan bangsa Indonesia dari satu pulau kepulau lainnya demi untuk dapat menguasai bangsa Indonesia tersebut. Barulah dalam bulan Desember 1957 Pemerintah Indonesia menyadari dan mengumumkan bahwa Sumpah Pemuda 1928 yang menyatakan tekad bangsa Indonesia untuk hidup dalam Satu Tanah Air tersebut harus berarti bahwa laut-laut yang terletak antara pulau-pulau Indonesia tanpa memperhatikan lebarnya dan dalamnya haruslah di manfaatkan untuk memperkuat rasa satu Kebangsaan dan satu Kenegaraan Indonesia. Laut harus berfungsi sebagai pemersatu Bangsa dan Negara, bukan sebagai pemisah pulau dan pemecah belah Bangsa dan Negara. Deklarasi Nusantara Indonesia 1957 tersebut mendapat protes dan tantangan dari berbagai-bagai negara didunia. Deklarasi tersebut pada dasarnya menekankan bahwa satu kesatuan Tanah Air Indonesia itu haruslah terdiri dari Kesatuan Wilayah antara darat dengan laut, termasuk dasar laut dan tanah dibawahnya, udara diatas darat dan lautnya, serta seluruh kekayaan yang terdapat didalamnya. Diperlukan waktu 25 tahun bagi usaha-usaha diplomasi Indonesia untuk memperjuangkan agar konsepsi kesatuan Negara Nusantara/Kepulauan tersebut mendapat pengakuan dunia Internasional di dalam Konvensi Hukum Laut PBB 1982. Setelah itu diperlukan waktu 12 tahun lagi untuk membuat Konvensi Hukum Laut PBB 1982 tersebut berlaku secara Internasional dalam bulan November 1994. Kini, kita sedang merayakan 100 tahun Kebangkitan Nasional 1908 dan 80 tahun sejak Sumpah Pemuda untuk mencapai satu Kesatuan Bangsa, Tanah Air, dan Bahasa, 63 tahun sejak Proklamasi Kemerdekaan, dan 51 tahun sejak Deklarasi Nusantara 1957. Jika diingat mulai sejak perjuangan pahlawan bangsa sebelum 1908, mulai dari Teuku Umar di Aceh sampai ke Pattimura di Maluku, maka perjuangan bangsa yang sangat panjang untuk mencapai dan memperkokoh persatuan Bangsa, kesatuan Kenegaraan, dan kesatuan Kewilayahan tersebut merupakan 3 tiang utama Indonesia. Ketiga tiang utama inilah yang selalu mendapat tantangan dan grogotan, baik dari dalam negeri maupun dari luar negeri, baik di masa lalu maupun dewasa ini.Hal ini antara lain disebabkan oleh masih minimnya kesadaran bangsa terhadap peran laut sebagai pemersatu bangsa.Berbagai usaha meningkatkan kesatuan bangsa dan Negara melalui perhubungan darat, laut, udara dan telekomunikasi telah dilakukan dengan tingkat hasil-hasil yang berbeda.Dewasa ini usaha-usaha pemersatu bangsa dan perkembangan ekonomi mulai pula dibangun melalui jembatan dan terowongan-terowongan, malah bukan hanya dalam suatu Negara tetapi juga antar negara dan antar benua. Beberapa Negara di dunia sudah lama memulai proyek-proyek besar seperti ini demi untuk mempererat rasa persatuan bangsa dan negaranya, memperlancar perhubungan, pembangunan ekonomi, pemerintahan, pertahanan, dan lain-lain. Amerika Serikat sudah banyak membangun jembatan yang sangat panjang untuk mempermudah dan mengefisiensikan perekonomiannya. China baru selesai membangun jembatan terpanjang di dunia yang kabarnya lebih dari 40 KM. Denmark dan Swedia sudah lama membangun jembatan melalui selat strategis yang memisahkan kedua Negara tersebut. Turki sudah selesai membangun jembatan melintasi selat Bosporus yang memisahkan benua Eropa dengan benua Asia. Perancis dan Inggris telah membangun terowongan di bawah Selat Dover yang menghubungkan kedua Negara tersebut.Malah Vietnam pun baru saja selesai membangun jembatan yang sangat panjang dan tinggi di Halong Bay untuk mempercepat pembangunan ekonomi di utara Vietnam dan yang menghubungkan Hanoi melalui jalan raya ke China dan terus ke pantai timur dan pedalaman China. Sementara Suez Canal yang panjangnya ratusan kilometer telah digali untuk menghubungkan Laut Tengah dengan Laut Merah dan Samudera Hindia sejak abad 19 yang lalu. Di kawasan kita sudah lama ada cita-cita besar untuk membangun Kra Canal melalui Thailand Selatan untuk menghubungkan laut Andaman dengan teluk Siam dan laut Cina Selatan terus ke Jepang dan AsiaTimur untuk menghadapi semakin padatnya selat Malaka dan selat Singapura. Malah akhir-akhir ini sudah pula terdengar suara-suara untuk membangun jembatan dan terowongan melintasi selat Malaka melalui pulau Rupat dan Malaka untuk menghubungkan Malaysia dengan Sumatera agar dengan demikian perokonomian Sumatera (dan Indonesia) dapat terkait erat dengan perkembangan ekonomi di Asia Tenggara dan China. Disinilah terletak arti strategis yang sangat penting dari Jembatan Selat Sunda. Pemerintah propinsi Lampung dan Banten sudah menandatangani kesepakatan untuk membangun jembatan tersebut. Berbagai-bagai segi teknis, ekonomis, hukum, dan lain-lainnya dewasa ini sedang giat dipelajari. Presiden SBY sendiri sudah memberikan dorongannya dan para Menteri terkait juga sudah mendukung rencana tersebut. Pembangunan JSS bukanlah hal yang gampang, murah ataupun mudah dilakukan dalam waktu sekejap mata. Pembangunan tersebut akan memakan waktu bertahun-tahun, dukungan modal yang sangat besar, serta ketekunan dari para anak bangsa untuk mendukung dan merealisirnya. Para pemuka bangsa sebelum 1908 dan sesudahnya mempunyai visi masa depan yang tangguh terhadap kesatuan bangsa, negara dan kewilayahan Indonesia, dan bersedia berjuang dan berkorban untuktujuan-tujuan besar tersebut. Dalam rangka memperingati 100 tahun Kebangkitan Bangsa, 80 tahun Sumpah Pemuda, 63 tahun Kemerdekaan Indonesia, dan 51 tahun Deklarasi Djuanda, saya percaya bahwa bangsa Indonesia dan para pemimpinnya sekarang ini tidak kehilangan semangat juang, visi jangka panjang, berpikir besar, dan rasa berbakti, berjuang, dan berkorban untuk kepentingan satu bangsa, satu negara, dan satu tanah air, yaitu Indonesia. Pembangunan Jalan tol dalam kota Jakarta antara Cawang- Tanjung Priok, Jembatan Tiga sampai ke Grogol pada dasarnya adalah jembatan. Semoga bangsa Indonesia, khususnya generasi sekarang dan generasi yang akan datang tidak akan melupakan perjuangan bangsa yang panjang ini dan tidak kembali terpecah belah dalam semangat golongan dan kedaerahan yang sempit, yang dengan mudah akan dapat di manfaatkan oleh kepentingan-kepentingan yang tidak menginginkan Persatuan Bangsa, Kesatuan Negara dan Kesatuan Kewilayahan dalam NKRI.
I can only think of one country in all my travels where I possibly felt as safe, and seen as little crime, as I did during my ten days in Cuba -- and that would be Denmark, where I lived as an exchange student in 1985-86.
In my ten days in Cuba, I visited a dozen or so cities and towns, five of the country's 14 provinces, and several busy transportation facilities, including the main airport, train stations and bus depots. I walked through working-class housing projects. And, on my own and often late at night (one of the few times I could break free from my delegation), I visited shabby Havana neighborhoods that would have looked at home in some of America's worst inner-city gang territories.
Through it all, I never felt threatened or in danger, never saw a single crime or fight, never heard a major argument (unless it was about baseball). All I saw were Cubans going about their business, chatting in small groups of friends, sitting on park benches, playing chess and dominoes, dressed nice heading out to a night on the town, riding bikes, and, near tourist areas, a few hustling foreigners with offers of cigars.
I also saw police officers, lots of police offers. They stood on nearly every third or fourth street corner, in every other park or plaza, singly or in pairs. They would stand quietly on guard, saunter casually along, pull over speeding pedi-cab drivers, question overly drunk passersby and offer directions to lost tourists. They insisted to see ID cards from all Cubans they questioned and often wrote citations for what looked to me to be minor offenses. They were a constant presence and proved hard to get used to for this San Diegan, grown accustomed to living in one of the most under-policed large cities in America.
I walked some of Havana's darkest, dingiest alleys, almost to dare, challenge and test the surreal sense of safety and security I felt in this foreign country. Nothing bad ever happened to me, night after night.
I was told by several Cuban parents that, although their country's socialist system has some room for improvement, they cherish the fact that their young children can go out and play in the streets, even at night, without parental supervision . . . and come home again safe and sound.
It made me wonder how many parents in some of the worst parts of Tijuana, Chicago or Caracas -- or most other large cities in the United States and throughout most of the the rest of Latin America -- could say the the same thing?
In my opinion, Cuba's unbelievable lack of crime may be attributed to a few factors, including the heavy police presence, fear of imprisonment, less racial conflict, absence of sharp class differences, and a sense of national pride and community solidarity that usurps individual priorities.
I grew up and live in a country where TV news broadcasts feed us stories of murder, mayhem, crime and cruelty on a daily basis. I live in a neighborhood where muggings are on the rise, theft occurs regularly and the best the police can do is tell us to 'be on guard.' I have close friends who struggle to escape pasts scarred by gang violence. I live in a nation where emotional issues related to crime and punishment shape national dialogue, win and lose political elections, raise great walls around well-to-do neighborhoods, erect bars over the windows and doors of less well-to-do neighborhoods, and inject lifelong paranoia into the American psyche.
I had no idea that, in Communist Cuba, there existed a society and a system that had found a way to largely eliminate the kind of crime we hear about every day, and sometimes are victims of, in the wealthiest nation on Earth. It's a bright spot in Cuban society, one I never learned about in my own country, and a factor that the Cubans I met cherish greatly.
Tilburg (Netherlands) (AFP) – Germany’s hopes of a seventh successive European women’s title were shattered on Sunday when second-half headers by Nadia Nadim and Theresa Nielsen gave Denmark a shock 2-1 victory in the quarter-finals in Rotterdam.
Tilburg (Netherlands) (AFP) – Germany’s hopes of a seventh successive European women’s title were shattered on Sunday when second-half headers by Nadia Nadim and Theresa Nielsen gave Denmark a shock 2-1 victory in the quarter-finals in Rotterdam.
Doetinchem (Netherlands) (AFP) – Lieke Martens and Vivianne Miedema handed the Netherlands a 2-0 win over Sweden and a spot in the women’s Euro semi-finals Saturday before the quarter-final pitting Germany against Denmark was postponed to Sunday because of heavy rain.
Awash in Green and Gold: The Emerging Restoration Economy in Kenya
Kuki Njeruâs eyes sparkle as she discusses her bamboo business. âThereâs immense potential in restoring the gullies with bamboo,â she says. âNot only does it grow well on degraded land, it helps stabilize soils and prevent erosion as well.â
A co-founder of GreenPot Enterprises, Kenyaâs first integrated bamboo company, Njeru is the face of a rapidly emerging new restoration economy in Kenya. Founded in 2014, GreenPot has shown there is profit in rehabilitating degraded land with bamboo, a fast-growing plant with versatile applications in the energy, construction and textile industries. In the past 18 months, the company has become profitable, managing about 400 hectares (1,000 acres) of bamboo and bringing in more than $2 million in sales.
Kuki Njeru, GreenPot. Photo by Kuki Njeru
How did they do it? In their core business model, the company starts by signing 30-year leases on suitable land. Then, the GreenPot team plants, manages and subleases bamboo plots of five to 10 acres to retail investors (individuals that make investments for their personal accounts, in contrast to institutional investors like banks or pension funds). Because bamboo grows rapidly, biannual harvests are possible after the plant matures in four years, bringing cash to GreenPot, the retail investors and the landowners. To create cash flow while the bamboo plantations are still in development, GreenPot has also developed other profitable revenue streams, including management services for large, existing plantations and nurseries that produce hundreds of thousands of seedlings for sale. Plans include constructing factories nearby to turn bamboo into flooring material and activated carbon to deliver even higher value.
GreenPot is not alone. Across the country, Kenyan entrepreneurs are seeking to demonstrate that with the right business model, restoration companies can have environmental and social impact while delivering financial returns. From community conservancies that engage in ecotourism and sustainable livestock to financial software companies that help incentivize smallholder restoration, these enterprises are challenging the popular notion that capitalism is at odds with the environment. Their approach is also distinct from companies that have acknowledged the benefits of healthy forests and committed to minimizing environmental impact, but whose business operations do not integrate restoration. Here, restoring landscapes isnât just good for business; restoring landscapes is the business.
East Africaâs Economic Powerhouse
Indeed, there are signs of tailwinds for restoration businesses in Kenya. The country is an economic powerhouse in East Africa, growing its GDP by 5.6 percent in 2015 while other Sub-Saharan African countries struggled with economic shocks. Much of this growth stems from a dynamic private sector that benefits from relatively market-friendly policies, an encouraging sign for budding restoration businesses. These enterprises also stand to gain from government support; this September, Kenya announced its commitment to restore 5.1 million hectares (3.7 million acres) by 2030 â an area bigger than Denmark. The commitment, part of the African Forest Landscape Restoration Initiative (AFR100), signals to restoration businesses that the Kenyan government is receptive to their work, and is likely to enact policies that help the restoration industry thrive.
Encouraging as the market environment may be, obstacles remain. In interviews with entrepreneurs across Kenya, WRIâs New Restoration Economy (NRE) identified several barriers to scale, including the lack of access to growth capital. While multiple philanthropies and impact investors are willing to provide seed capital â grants or investments of $100,000 or so â fewer organizations are willing to invest larger amounts in the $3-10 million range that are necessary for businesses to take off.
Madison Ayer, chairman of Honey Care Africa, is all too familiar with the issue. Founded in 2000, Honey Care is a for-profit apiary enterprise that seeks to bring financial, environmental, and social sustainability to rural communities in Kenya. The companyâs vision won recognition from many international organizations, including awards from the World Bank Development Marketplace and UN Equator Initiative. By 2010, however, it was struggling financially. âHoney Care had a great history and story,â Ayer said, âbut there was a need to evolve the enterprise beyond a small subsidized project and develop a strategy for scaling and economic sustainability.â
The company needed a more economically sound business model. Under the leadership of a strong board and CEO Ryan Marincowitz, the company has shifted from beekeeping for community development and environmental sustainability to developing nutritious honey-based snack products for the mass market in East Africa.
Workers at one of HoneyCare Africaâs beehives. Photo by HoneyCare Africa
The pivot worked. Honey Careâs revamped business model attracted the attention of Root Capital, Lundin Foundation, Grameen Foundation, and Alphamundi, impact investors that have invested in multiple funding rounds since 2012. Honey Care Africaâs sales in fiscal 2016 were five times the average annual sales of the previous decade. This dramatic growth has translated to accelerated impact; the company now purchases honey, peanuts, cashews and sesame seeds from almost 5,000 farmers, which adds up to $200 per year to each farmerâs income â a significant amount in Kenya, where per capita GDP was just under $1,250 in 2013. The hives Honey Care has distributed are also a boon for the environment, rejuvenating landscapes through pollination and boosting crop yields by 15 to 30 percent.
The success of Honey Care and GreenPot offer a common lesson: successful business models in restoration are essential to deliver environmental, social and financial returns. As the restoration economy in Kenya continues to grow, NRE is committed to understanding how these models can be replicated and scaled up. Although the challenges are great, the opportunities are even greater. With companies like GreenPot and Honey Care, the vision of Kenyaâs restoration economy is awash with green and gold.
Kita semua tidak sukakan korupsi, satu perbuatan sampah yang kita mahu hapuskan daripada kalangan masyarakat kita. Dalam satu kajian yang dijalankan oleh Transparency International, mereka telah mengeluarkan senarai Corruption Perceptions Indes (CPI).
Berapakah CPI negara kita Malaysia? Nanti kita lihat sama-sama.
Dalam index yang dikeluarkan untuk tahun 2016, negara paling korup adalah Somalia, malah ia mememang rekod ini selama 10 tahun berturut-turut. CPI yang diberikan kepada Somalia hanyalah 10 point sahaja.
Makin rendah point CPI maka makin teruk tahap korupsi di sesebuah negara tersebut. Ranking top 5 negara yang paling bersih pula didahuli oleh negara New Zealand (90 CPI), Denmark (90 CPI), Finland (89 CPI), Sweden (88 CPI) dan Switzerland (86 CPI).
Bagi negara kita pula, Malaysia diberikan 49 CPI dan berada di ranking ke 55 dunia. Mata CPI diberikan turun 1 mata berbanding tahun lalu dengan 50 CPI.
Dalam kalangan negara serantau pula Singapura dianggap paling bersih di Asia Tenggara dengan 84 CPI berada di ranking ke 7 dunia. Dan negara paling kurop di Asia Tenggara pula adalah Kemboja dengan 21 mata sahaja diberikan.
Negara besar seperti U.S.A pula dibeirkan 74 mata CPI, dan berada di ranking 18 dunia. Manakal negara China hanya diberikan sebanyak 40 mata dan berada di tangga 79. Russia lagi bawah dengan hanya 29 CPI, berada ditangga ke 131 dunia.
Berikut adalah senarai penuh ranking yang dikelaurkan oleh Corruption International bagi negara paling kurop 2016.
According to recent archaeological research on the Viking Age and Iron Age historical settlement at LakeÂ TissÃ¸ on the island of Zealand, Denmark, the Danish Vikings may have well produced their own wine domestically. Previously, it was thought that wine was largely imported from southern Europe to Viking Age Denmark through bygone trading networks, but this...
In the time of the Viking Age Sweden was fragmented into many petty kingdoms (also known as earldoms) ruled each by a local chieftain, although, according to semi-legendary history, there might have been renowned monarchs who ruled parts of the realms of what is now Sweden (along with Denmark and Norway) such as Ragnar Lothbrok...
Very much unlike the cases of early medieval Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland, and the Faroe Islands, documentation regarding the Viking Age in Finland is very scarce. Possibly with the exception of the Ã land Islands (an autonomous Swedish-speaking archipelago situated in the Gulf of Bothnia, Baltic Sea), there is little information on how the Viking period...
Cause & Effect is the biweekly newsletter of the Center for Inquiry community, covering the wide range of work that you help make possible. Become a member today!
The Main Events
Supreme Court Reshapes the Church-State Landscape
American secularism suffered a painful blow on Monday, when the Supreme Court ruled in the case of Trinity Lutheran Church of Columbia, Inc. v. Comer that the state of Missouri did not have the right to exclude a church from a state grant program to fund the purchase of recycled tires for resurfacing playgrounds. The Court split 7-2 in favor of the church, with Justices Kagan and Breyer joining the five conservatives.
Chief Justice Roberts, writing for the majority, used particularly strong language to explain the decision, writing, “...the exclusion of Trinity Lutheran from a public benefit for which it is otherwise qualified, solely because it is a church, is odious to our Constitution ... and cannot stand.”
Justice Sotomayor, who was joined by Justice Ginsburg in the minority, pointed out that the preschool playground was as much a part of the church’s religious mission as any other part of the property, and that this decision gives an unfair advantage to a belief system that happens to have the resources to compete for these kinds of public grants.
But the core message of her dissent was clear. “The Court today profoundly changes that relationship by holding, for the first time, that the Constitution requires the government to provide public funds directly to a church,” she wrote. “Its decision slights both our precedents and our history, and its reasoning weakens this country’s longstanding commitment to a separation of church and state beneficial to both.”
We agree. In our response to the news, CFI Legal Director Nicholas Little said, plainly, “The Supreme Court has detonated a massive breach in the wall of separation between church and state.” He went on to say, “We are deeply concerned about what happens next, as other sectarian organizations find new and novel ways to siphon taxpayer dollars into their churches, temples, and mosques.”
But the drama didn’t end there. The Court also announced it would take up the case of Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission, in which a shop owner refused to provide service to a same-sex couple because of his religious beliefs. We’ll be participating in a formal capacity with an amicus brief soon, but for now we urged the Court to see reason and remember when religious beliefs could be used to discriminate against many other groups of people. As Nick warned, “This so-called ‘right’ to discriminate based on religion cannot be cabined, and threatens to turn America back to the dark days of legally justifiable segregation.”
Turkey to Prohibit the Teaching of Evolution in Schools
Since the establishment of the Republic of Turkey almost a century ago, secularism has been a foundational component; there is no official state religion, and the Turkish constitution provides for freedom of religion. But the current president, Recep Tayyip ErdoÄan, has carried out an agenda of “Islamisation” and gone to great lengths to silence dissent and control information.
The ErdoÄan government took another frightening step away from secularism last week with a move that will have implications for generations. Alpaslan Durmus, head of the curriculum board of Turkey’s Education Ministry, announced that students would no longer be taught the subject of evolution in schools, claiming this fundamental scientific concept to be “beyond [students’] comprehension” and “too controversial.”
In our official response, CFI President and CEO Robyn Blumner described this assertion as “absurd” and a denigration of the intelligence and capabilities of Turkey’s students and teachers. Referencing the Richard Dawkins Foundation’s TIES program (Teacher Institute for Evolutionary Science), Robyn said, “We know from our work with middle school science teachers that students pretty easily grasp the basic principles of evolution. Moreover, learning about natural selection—the process that undergirds the diversity of all of life on Earth—fascinates and inspires students. How can the government even consider withholding that from students?”
Our own Richard Dawkins weighed in as well, pulling no punches. “As Turkish scientists will agree, evolution is an established fact, as firmly established as plate tectonic movements or the solar orbits of the planets,” he said. “I’d like to pay the Turkish framers of this ridiculous education policy the compliment of assuming that they are cynical political manipulators. But actually, I fear they are more likely to be just plain stupid.”
It may now be up to the students, teachers, and parents of Turkey to demand educational standards that will not leave a generation of young people behind the rest of the world.
News from the CFI Community
Raheel Raza Speaks Against FGM at UN Human Rights Council
At the UN Human Rights Council’s meeting in Geneva last week, the Center for Inquiry was ably represented by activist Raheel Raza. Raza, president of the Council for Muslims Facing Tomorrow, delivered a powerful statement on the horrific practice of female genital mutilation (FGM), and how this practice is not merely a phenomenon of parts of Africa and the Middle East:
More than half a million women and girls are at risk of undergoing FGM in the U.S. or abroad, or have already undergone the procedure, including 166,173 under the age of 18. It is unacceptable that today in the 21st century women have to undergo such an inhuman and painful procedure, especially if they are too young to protest. … The human rights of those who are unable to protest must be protected by those of us who can.
Our thanks to Raheel for raising important issues and representing CFI before the international community.
CFI Poland Promotes Humanist Values in Meetings with EU Officials
Last Monday in Brussels, Andrzej Dominiczak of CFI Poland took part in a high-level meeting with vice president of the European Commission Frans Timmermans and vice president of the European Parliament Mairead McGuinness. Dominiczak was among three other European humanists (from Germany, Denmark, and Italy), and joined representatives of other similar non-governmental organizations.
They had come to discuss the general topic of “The Future of Europe: A Values-Based and Effective Union,” and many specific issues were raised and discussed. Dominiczak spoke about the social and psychological conditions that can foster constructive values and emphasized the role of education and direct communication between the European Union and its citizens.
Most importantly, Dominiczak held direct conversations with both high officials about the possibility for the adoption of a new binding EU directive to prevent and combat violence against women. Both officials agreed on the importance of such a measure and that it would be politically possible, citing the 2011 Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violence.
Dominiczak told us how important this issue is from the Polish point of view, explaining that Poland’s current regime has threatened to revoke the convention. Working with the Women’s Rights Center about three years ago, he conducted a large study showing that the number of women in Poland who die as a result of domestic violence is triple what had been previously believed.
Dominiczak and the EU Parliament’s McGuinness agreed to continue discussions about a directive to address this, and we look forward to hearing about the developments.
CSICon 2017: It’s Coming Right For Us!!! (Plus Two New Videos)
CSICon 2017, the biggest skeptics’ event of the year, is hurtling like an asteroid toward the City of Illusions, Las Vegas, and it’s set to collide for an impact event lasting October 26–29, threatening to eradicate all pseudoscience in its blast radius. Or so it’s been prophesied.
To give you a fresh idea of the brilliant and engaging talks you can expect, CFI’s Reasonable Talk web series has posted two new presentations from CSICon 2016:
First, “SkepDoc” Harriet Hall clears up the murkiness surrounding the world of “functional medicine,” a practice with little to no evidence of efficacy and no solid definition of what it actually means.
As for CSICon 2017, the lineup of speakers is once again earth-shaking, including such cosmic personalities as the amazing James Randi, Richard Dawkins, Eugenie Scott, Cara Santa Maria, Michael Mann, Richard Wiseman, Lawrence Krauss, Massimo Polidoro, Carrie Poppy, and once again serving as master of ceremonies, the great George Hrab.
Set your coordinates for the Excalibur Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas, where you’ll also experience a Tournament of Kings Joust Dinner, a magic show by Banachek, special lunch events with skeptic stars, a Halloween 70’s Disco Party (we’re still debating the wisdom of that one), a Sunday Papers session, and so much more.
In a special report, Benjamin Radford looks at the context for the controversy surrounding NBC’s Megyn Kelly and her primetime interview with conspiracy theorist Alex Jones of Infowars. “Ideally, the best way to treat these people [like Jones] would be to ignore them,” writes Ben, “but in practice that’s often counterproductive.”
CFI Research Fellow and former CEO Ronald Lindsay is the guest on the New Books Network podcast, discussing his 2014 book The Necessity of Secularism: Why God Can’t Tell Us What to Do.
Bertha Vazquez announces three new TIES workshops: First at Birmingham Zoo in Alabama with Kathy Fournier on October 13; at the Illinois Science Teachers Association’s Annual Conference at Northern Illinois University with Kathy von Hoeck on October 28; and at the Mississippi Science Teachers Association Annual Conference in Biloxi on October 30 with Blake Touchet.
Cause & Effect: The Center for Inquiry Newsletter
is edited by Paul Fidalgo, Center for Inquiry communications director.
The Center for Inquiry (CFI) is a nonprofit educational, advocacy, and research organization headquartered in Amherst, New York, with executive offices in Washington, D.C. It is also home to both the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, the Council for Secular Humanism, and the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason & Science. The mission of CFI is to foster a secular society based on science, reason, freedom of inquiry, and humanist values. Visit CFI on the web at www.centerforinquiry.net.
Cause & Effect is the biweekly newsletter of the Center for Inquiry community, covering the wide range of work that you help make possible. Become a member today!
The Main Events
The Global Madness of Blasphemy Laws
For most of those who are reading this, laws against blasphemy seem like anachronistic, vestigial restrictions on free expression that no longer apply in our modern world. Recent months have reminded us, however, that blasphemy laws are very much a part of the contemporary human experience, and the consequences of violating them can range from absurd to horrifying. Several secularists and dissidents have met grisly ends this year, including Pakistani student Mashal Khan, beaten to death last month by a mob of fellow students who were angry over allegations of blasphemy, and Indian student H. Farook, murdered by a gang of militants over postings to social media about atheism.
The Center for Inquiry has made combatting blasphemy laws around the world a central part of our mission. We even have a special program dedicated to rescuing secular writers and activists in need of escape from imminent threats to their lives. In recent weeks, we have taken on the crisis on several fronts.
Blasphemy is the focus of the latest issue of Free Inquiry, CFI’s magazine of secular humanist thought. Making its way to newsstands and subscribers now, this issue features a powerful and sobering cover piece by someone who knows a thing or two about the consequences of blasphemy restrictions: Flemming Rose of Denmark’s Jyllands-Posten, which ran the “Danish cartoons” of the Prophet Mohammed in 2005, which were deemed such an offense to religious sentiments that they sparked violent protests across the Muslim world. Rose warns about the international threat of states’ blasphemy laws and how governments are stirring up rage among the people, inciting them to carry out acts of murder such as those that took the lives of Khan and Farook.
The issue also includes an important report by Mirjam van Schaik on the machinations of the Organization of the Islamic Conference, the diplomatic body that seeks to push blasphemy laws beyond borders and into international law.
Blasphemy also became a topic of concern in the west, when beloved actor and humorist Stephen Fry, a longtime advocate of secular causes, became the subject of an investigation by Irish authorities for allegedly committing blasphemy in 2015, when he said some unpleasant things on television about the biblical God’s psychotic behavior. Eventually, the investigation of Fry was dropped, with Irish police citing a lack of outraged victims of Fry’s blasphemy.
CFI Board Member Richard Dawkins cleverly stepped into the fracas by reiterating his own “blasphemy” to an Irish newspaper, and dared the authorities to arrest him over it when he next came into the country. He later explained, “I wanted to increase the pressure to repeal this law – partly because the existence of a blasphemy law in a civilised western country like Ireland is taken as an encouraging precedent by some of those countries in the Middle East and Africa, where they have a blasphemy law and it really is enforced.”
Of course, CFI’s diplomatic and international advocacy efforts never stop. For example, CFI President and CEO Robyn Blumner and our public policy director Michael De Dora are signatories on a new petition from the Index on Censorship calling on Denmark to scrap its blasphemy law. Whether these affronts to human rights emerge in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Ireland, or Denmark, and whether they are enforced by the state or by the rage of the mob, we will continue to fight for free expression, for the simple idea that ideas don’t need rights. People do.
Trump’s Religious Privilege Theater
During the past couple of weeks, the Trump administration took one clumsy step backward for secularism, but that didn’t stop an encouraging step forward at the state level.
On May 4 (which weirdly was both the National Day of Prayer and Star Wars Day), President Trump signed his “religious liberty” executive order, through which he claimed to be loosening the restrictions on campaign endorsements by churches and other tax-exempt organizations and providing “relief” to companies that don’t want to take part in the contraceptive mandates of the Affordable Care Act because of religious exemptions.
CFI denounced the move as a “cynical pander to the religious right” and noted that despite the president’s boasts, his order is mainly symbolic. “While this executive order won’t accomplish much in practical terms,” said Michael De Dora in our official statement, “it sends a signal that Trump is looking to reward his conservative evangelical base. But this political payback is divisive and dangerous, blurring the line between church leadership and political operatives.”
As a positive sign of our impact, however, the Center for Inquiry and Michael were both called out by name during a House hearing on the Johnson Amendment, with Rep. Raja Krishnamoorthi asking that our statements be put into the official congressional record.
Meanwhile in Oregon, both houses of the state legislature passed a measure that would allow Secular Celebrants, such as those trained and certified by CFI, to solemnize marriages in the state. CFI began this effort in Oregon in 2015 with a bill that passed the state House, worked on similar legislation in Ohio, and have won crucial court victories for Secular Celebrants in Indiana and Illinois. On May 11, the Secular Coalition for America and its Oregon state chapter were successful in securing its passage through the Oregon House and Senate, and the bill is expected to be signed by the state’s Democratic governor.
News from HQ and the CFI Community
CFI Welcomes 2017 Summer Interns
The movement to advance science, reason, and secularism is alive with energy among campus groups and student activists. One of the most inspiring aspects of being a part of the Center for Inquiry is how the CFI internship program gives some of those young leaders the opportunity to take their passion and talents beyond the campus and into the broader world, helping them to learn new skills, develop crucial connections, and earn real-world experience in organizing and advocacy.
First is Vicki Smith of Central Michigan University’s Dogma-Free Society, who says, “I’ve spent my college years getting to know myself and the different issues secular and humanist organizations are up against; now I’m ready to take the next step and see what I can do to promote a secular society.”
Next is Andy Ngo of Portland State University and the Freethinkers of PSU. You might remember Andy’s video report of CSICon 2016, in which he discusses his religious background and journey to skepticism.
And working from our Executive Offices in Washington, DC will be legal intern Jaskirat Singh, who has just finished his second year at George Washington University Law School and Elliot School of International Affairs, studying for a JD and MA in Security Policy Studies. Jaskirat has a background in international human rights work, having previously interned for Americans for Democracy and Human Rights in Bahrain.
We look forward to getting to know and working with our new colleagues.
See Richard Dawkins, On Tour in the U.S. Now
Richard Dawkins is here! And there’s still time to get your tickets to see him in live conversation with notable guests, as he comes to the United States for four special engagements, starting this Thursday in L.A.!
On May 18 in Los Angeles, Dawkins will be joined in conversation by satirist Adam Felber, best known for appearances on NPR’s Wait Wait…Don’t Tell Me! and as a writer for shows such as Real Time with Bill Maher.
In Boulder, CO, on May 22, Prof. Dawkins will take the stage with best-selling author and actress Annabelle Gurwitch.
On May 24 in Washington, D.C., Dawkins joins another great mind of evolution, Jerry Coyne, best-selling author of Why Evolution Is True.
And in Miami on May 27, you can witness a meeting few would have predicted, as Dawkins sits down with Pulitzer Prize–winning humorist Dave Barry.
Time and tickets are running out. Don’t miss your chance to witness these unscripted conversations with one of the greatest scientific minds of our time. Buy your tickets now.
CFI Highlights on the Web and in the Media
CFI’s investigative guru Joe Nickell is profiled in a really fun short video by Great Big Story, a new media initiative supported by CNN. “Everything is obvious after it’s been explained,” says Joe.
Richard Dawkins is interviewed by The Times, where he discusses religion, his legacy, and in particular his view of the moral status of animals. “There is a speciesist belief that somehow they are only animals, they don’t feel pain,” he says. “But pain doesn’t seem to me to be the kind of thing you need intellect to experience.”
At HuffPost, Ronald Lindsay, CFI’s research fellow and former boss, critiques The Benedict Option, the book by conservative thinker Rod Dreher that argues for Christians’ withdrawal from secular society. “What’s so special about recent events that has caused him to decide that now’s the time to sound retreat?” asks Ron. “Same-sex marriage. For Dreher, same-sex marriage is unendurable.”
CFI Legal Director Nick Little provides secular perspective in a piece at VICE on a Christian funeral home’s unwillingness to cremate the body of a gay man.
George Ongere, director of CFI Kenya, is interviewed by Humanist Voices about what inspired his work on behalf of reason and against superstition in Africa. “There needs to be a change in mind and thinking,” he says. “Humanism promises this kind of change for Africans to abandon blind faith and focus on the realities of life.”
Craig A. Foster and Sarenna M. Ortiz look at how the false vaccine-autism link is promoted through the misuse of irrelevant research, where science is given lip service but its actual conclusions are ignored.
Cause & Effect: The Center for Inquiry Newsletter
is edited by Paul Fidalgo, Center for Inquiry communications director.
The Center for Inquiry (CFI) is a nonprofit educational, advocacy, and research organization headquartered in Amherst, New York, with executive offices in Washington, D.C. It is also home to both the Committee for Skeptical Inquiry, the Council for Secular Humanism, and the Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason & Science. The mission of CFI is to foster a secular society based on science, reason, freedom of inquiry, and humanist values. Visit CFI on the web at www.centerforinquiry.net.
Pengundian babak kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2018 akan dilakukan Sabtu malam, sekitar pukul 23.00 WIB. Di bawah ini adalah daftar unggulan dan berbagai skenario buruk maupun baik yang bisa menimpa negara-negara asal sepakbola: Inggris, Wales, Skotlandia dan Irlandia Utara.
Pot 1: Jerman, Belgia, Belanda, Portugal, Romania, Inggris, Wales, Spanyol, Kroasia
Pot 2: Slovakia, Austria, Italia, Swiss, Republik Ceko, Prancis, Islandia, Denmark, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Pot 3: Ukraina, Skotlandia, Polandia, Hungaria, Swedia, Albania, Irlandia Utara, Serbia, Yunani
Pot 4: Turki, Slovenia, Israel, Republik Irlandia, Norwegia, Bulgaria, Kepulauan Faroe, Montenegro, Estonia
Pot 5: Siprus, Latvia, Armenia, Finlandia, Belarusia, Makedonia, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Moldova
Pot 6: Kazakhstan, Luksemburg, Liechtenstein, Georgia, Malta, San Marino, Andorra
Inggris dan Wales tidak mungkin bertemu dalam satu grup karena mereka sama-sama tim unggulan yang masuk dalam Pot 1.
Namun, mereka masih bisa ketemu dengan negara tertentu dari Pot 2 seperti Italia (saat ini peringkat 17 di dunia) atau Perancis (peringkat 22), sementara tandang ke negara-negara tertentu seperti Swedia, Polandia atau Ukraina bisa menjadi laga yang sulit.
Wales, Irlandia Utara dan Skotlandia bisa saja masuk ke dalam grup yang berisikan lima tim, bukan enam â yang dapat membantu peluang mereka lolos ke putaran final di Rusia.
Tim-tim Eropa akan dibagi ke dalam sembilan kelompok â tujuh grup dengan enam tim dan dua grup hanya beranggotakan lima tim.
Berikut adalah skenario terbaik dan terburuk dari empat negara asal sepakbola itu.
Inggris Tiket impian: Inggris, Islandia, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova, Andorra Skenario terburuk: Inggris, Italia, Swedia, Turki, Finlandia, Kazakhstan
Wales Tiket impian: Wales, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova Skenario terburuk: Wales, Prancis, Ukraina, Turki, Siprus, Georgia
Have they not read Dr.Ivan Sertima's book, THEY CAME Before COLUMBUS: THE AFRICAN PRESENCE IN ANCIENT AMERICA, which was published by Random House in 1977. Dr.Ivan Van Sertima was born in Guyana, South America. He was educated at the School of Oriental and the Rutgers Graduate Studies (London University) and the Rutgers Graduate School and hold degrees in African Studies and Anthropology. From 1957-1959 he served as a Press and broadcastin Officer in the Guyana Information Services. During the decades of the 1960's he broadcast weekly from Britain to Africa and the Caribbean. He is a literary critic, a linguist, and an anthropologist and has made a name in all three fields. As a literary critic, he is the author of Caribbean Writers, a collection of critical essays on the Caribbean novel. He is also the author of several major literary reviews published in Denmark, India, Britain and the United States. He was honored for his work in this field by being asked by the Nobel Committee of the Swedish Academy to nominate candidates for the Nobel Prize in Literature from 1967-1980. He also has been honored as an historian of world repute by being asked to join UNESCO's Intrnational Commission for Rewriting the Scientific and Cultural History of Mankind. As a linguist, he is also the compiler of the Swahili Dictionary of Legal Terms, based on his field work in Tabzania, East Africa, in 1967. He is the author of They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America, which was published by Random House in 1997 and is now in its twenty-first printing. It was published in French in 1981 and in the same year was awarded the Clarence L. Hotle Prize, a prize awarded every two years "for a work.excellence in literature and the humanities relating to the cultural heritage of Africa and the African Diaspora"
Nearly half a century ago, a new fashion swept the historical profession.Rather than focus on the âgreat menââor would-be great menâof history, the decision-makers who initiated, fought, won and lost wars, or passed laws, or ran for office, many historians argued for examining the experience of ordinaryâor marginalizedâmen and women, whom they argued had been neglected in the past.It took time for this new idea to spread outside the academy.In the early 1990s, Ken Burns met with a group of professional historians after the screening of his first great documentary on the Civil War, and they took him to task severely for his traditional approach.His subsequent work has increasingly reflected their criticism.Now, however, this view of history has become mainstream in much of the press and in the mediaâand it is very much on display in Christopher Nolanâs new film, Dunkirk.One way to illustrate this is to look at what Nolan left outâthe political and military context of the events he shows on the screen.
When the Second World War in Europe began in September 1940, the British and French expected a long struggle, and most Americans expected the British and French to prevail.The French invested huge sums in the Maginot Line, a system of fortifications along the Franco-German border (but not along the Franco-Belgian border), and thought themselves secure from attack.Neither side wanted to begin a bombing campaign against the other, and for seven months, through April, both sides built up their forces without any fighting.By May, about three million German soldiers faced two million French and about 400,000 British troops.(Today, the entire army of the United States numbers less than half a million.)In early April, the Germans struck north, not west, invading Denmark and Norway.That catastrophe brought down the government of Neville Chamberlain in Britain, and Winston Churchill became Prime Minister in early May. Then, on May 10, they invaded neutral Holland and Belgium. On May 14, backed by dive bombers, the Germans crossed the Meuse River at Sedan, very near the intersection of Belgium, Germany, and France.
Having broken through, German tank forces and motorized troops advanced with unprecedented speed. They reached the English Channel at the mouth of the Somme by May 21, just one week after their breakthrough. That divided most of the French Army to the South from some French forces and the entire British Expeditionary Force to the North.Within a few days, further German advances forced the British and French into a small pocket around Dunkirk.Suddenly, the fate of western civilization hung in the balance.
For seven years, since 1933, Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany had established a new totalitarian form of government in the heart of Europe, based upon the idea of Aryan racial supremacy.Hitler, Mussolini in Italy, and Franco in Spain had declared that liberal democracy was dead, and that they were leading Europe into a new future.By the last week of May their hopes seemed on the point of realization.Nothing, it seemed, could stand in the way of German forces.France was collapsing, and the entire British Army was likely to be captured. The allies, meanwhile, had been unable to cope with the German air force.Most of the world expected the British either to suffer invasion or make peace within a few weeks, and across the Atlantic, as I showed in my last book, the US government began to think seriously about how to defend the western hemisphere against the victorious Axis. The world faced one of the great turning points of modern history.
That is the background to the organization of the evacuation of British and French forces from Dunkirk of which Christopher Nolanâs film gives us a glimpse.I use that word on purpose.Although one character reports, correctly, that more than 300,000 men were evacuated, at no time did Nolan attempt to set up a scene on the beach or in the water that would give a true idea of the scale of the operation.We spend a lot of time with Mark Rylanceâs small boat, but it was only one of 700 that the Royal Navy requisitionedâand most of them were not manned by their owners, but by naval personnel. I thought the shots of troops on the beach gave the impression that thousands or perhaps tens of thousands of men, at most, were involvedânot hundreds of thousands.Nor was there any real sense of the battle French troops were waging just outside the city to keep the Germans out.
According to Nolan, this was not accidental, but purposeful.âDunkirk is not a war film,â Nolan says. âIt's a survival story and first and foremost a suspense film. So while there is a high level of intensity to it, it does not necessarily concern itself with the bloody aspects of combat, which have been so well done in so many films. . . The only question I was interested in was: Will they get out of it? Will they be killed by the next bomb while trying to join the mole? Or will they be crushed by a boat while crossing?"In another interview, Nolan says,"I knew I didnât want to make a film that could be dismissed as old-fashioned, something that wasnât relevant to todayâs audiences," he elaborates. "What that ruled out for me immediately was getting bogged down in the politics of the situation.ââthat is, that the future of the world was at stake. âWe donât have generals in rooms pushing things around on maps. We donât see Churchill. We barely glimpse the enemy. Itâs a survival story. I wanted to go through the experience with the characters."
The evacuation succeeded largely because the Royal Air Force mostly kept the Luftwaffe out of the skies over Dunkirk.That allowed Churchill to promise Britain and the world that Britain could fight on and survive until help came from the New World.That is why democracy, not totalitarianism, has ruled the western world for the last 72 years.
Born in 1970, Christopher Nolan may understand that he owes his whole life and career to Churchill, and Roosevelt who rallied their peoples and to the admirals and generals who commanded the forces that defeated Hitler--but he chose not to put any such understanding into his film.More importantly, he does not seem to understand that the allies won the war precisely because the soldiers and sailors and airmen in his film were not thinking only about whether they personally might survive.They knew that they might not, but they believed that they were fighting for things that justified their sacrificeâand they were right.The question now before us is whether we can preserve the civilization that we inherited without finding leaders who can rally us behind a common cause, and without reviving some spirit of sacrifice for the common good.That is something that films could help us do.
NIKOLAJ COSTER-WALDAU, NICOLAS BRO, NOMI LOTUZ, CHRISTINA FUURSTED Christina Fuursted, a Los Angeles-based actress from Denmark, posted several Instagram pics today from the Copenhagen set of Brian De Palma's Domino. The picture at the top here shows Fuursted photobombing Nikolaj Coster-Waldau and Nomi Lotuz, the latter a Danish actress who has a part in Domino, according to her profile page at OnlineCasting. Lotuz posted a version of the photo minus Fuursted (see below), with the caption, "På job med disse 2 herre" (Google translation: "At work with these 2 gentlemen"). By gentlemen, we can assume she means Coster-Waldau and De Palma.
The first photo below shows Fuursted with Danish actor Nicolas Bro, followed by Fuursted with Coster-Waldau, and then Lotuz with Coster-Waldau.
TV2 VIDEO SHOWS ACTOR & STUNT DOUBLE FALLING FROM BUILDING
The image above, showing Nikolaj Coster-Waldau laying with his head in a box of tomatos, is a capture from a TV2 news video. TV2's Ole Kolster was on set of Domino while filming the scene, and interviewed Coster-Waldau. An article by Keld Vrå Andersen quotes Coster-Waldau from the video interview. Here is an excerpt, with a Google-assisted English translation:
"It's nice to film here so I can come home and sleep in my own bed and see my family. So says the world famous Danish actor Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, who is currently home in Copenhagen to play the lead role in a new film.
And it is not a Danish film but about a major international production, directed by famous American Brian De Palma, who has previously made films as 'Mission Impossible'.
The movie is called 'Domino' and the first 20 minutes of the film depicting a sweeping human hunt through Europe takes place in Copenhagen.
"The film is about some of the things we’re going through here in Europe with all the terrorist attacks and the question of who are we really fighting. What is the conflict? At first, you think it’s a simple story with a policeman who is being attacked. But then we see that everything is connected and this unpleasant paranoia and anxiety happening in Europe because of the security situation. You always think: "What the hell is it now, what's next?" Says Nikolaj Coster-Waldau.
The film was English-language
He is very excited to work with director Brian De Palma, which is actually the reason why the film will be English-language.
According to Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, it was a huge surprise that the director said yes to join:
- I simply thought this couldn’t work. It may not be right, so I flew over to New York to meet him. He said he would like to make it, but that we simply had to speak English. The original was a Danish screenplay, because it is about Danish police officers, and we said, "We can understand that." It is difficult to direct a language that you do not understand. But it's great to work with such a man. He has a natural authority and is very comfortable to work with. We are very, very happy.
Good to get big movies to the country
'Domino' has a budget of NOK 50 million, of which the Copenhagen Film Fund has contributed two million to get eight-nine days to Copenhagen.
If you ask Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, it's something you have to do much more often - and not just because it means that Danish actors like him may be allowed to sleep in their own bed:
"Everywhere in Europe, you try to attract the bigger movie, because there is a huge economy in it, but in Denmark we do not have the big film studios where we can build a whole lot. I hope we will, because I have not met anyone around the world who does not love coming to Denmark, he says.
In the footage in Copenhagen, as TV 2 followed, there were two playing the main role of Nikolaj Coster-Waldaus. The main character should fall down from a house and land in a stack of tomato boxes. And in such a situation, a costly starring actor like Nikolaj Coster-Waldau is saved and a Belgian stuntman hired to take the fall (see the article [video?] on the above).
"I have great respect for stunt men. Sometimes people think they do not hurt, but they go through hell, too. I have sometimes experienced that it's going wrong, and so I'm hugely impressed with how hard they work,” says Nikolaj Coster-Waldau.
- One of the first things I saw when I started was a Danish stuntman who had to jump 12 meters and land in some boxes. There he made a test jump. But when he landed he was quite quiet, and then he said, "We just need someone to call an ambulance. I have just verified." While he lay there waiting, he called for another stuntman so we could continue to shoot on. I would have yelled out, for sure.
Do you as an actor want to do the stunts yourself?
- If things are really dangerous, you will not to do it yourself as an actor. You won't do it, because you could get hurt. But you would like to maintain the illusion. You would like people to believe it's the actor all the way. That's why it's so amazing that one such as Tom Cruise makes many stunts himself. I also try to do as much as I can myself, but I am not jumping off a roof.
Senarai Pemain Kedah 2017 Helang Merah. Anda peminat skuad Hijau Kuning? Berikut adalah senarai pemain Kedah 2017 di bawah kendalian jurulatih Tan Cheng Hoe yang akan dikemaskini dari masa kesemasa. Untuk maklumat berkenaan pasukan Kedah FA, anda boleh layari FB di FB Kedah FA.
By Anne Collier Even back in 2010, the EU Kids Online researchers in 25 countries noted that “the ways through and the locations from which children go online are diversifying, and this trend is continuing.” It has indeed continued. Increasingly obvious to parents, the mobile platform enables “ubiquitous internetting,” as Dutch researchers put it way back in 2006). At the same time, mobile represents the most personal, private way of accessing the Net and the least evolved provisions for kids’ safety, EU Kids Online’s Prof. Sonia Livingstone pointed out at the ICT Coalition gathering in Brussels last week. At that all-day gathering of people representing Internet companies, the European Commission and youth advocacy organizations, Livingstone gave a summary of findings from EU Kids Online’s latest project, “Net Children Go Mobile,” based on face-to-face interviews in the homes of 1,000 young people aged 9-16 in five countries: Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Romania and the United Kingdom. She showed us how, on the risk side of digital life, things have changed between 2010 and 2013, when the researchers went back to them. One big difference was in the questions alone. “In 2010, we asked them about the handheld devices they used,” she said. [...]
So, that's it! The time has come for me to leave Japan and with it must also end The Daily Shashin. It's been a fun little project and I'd like to thank all of you who have regularly visited this page and kept me motivated and encouraged by your comments and kind words.
I am now embarking on The Heneghan Half-World Tour which, after brief visits to Taipei and Hong Kong, will see me undertake the 14,000 km journey from Singapore to London by train and bus.
From Singapore I'll be passing through Malaysia, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, Russia, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, France and finally the UK, so it promises to be a fantastic adventure, especially from a photographic perspective. I will leave Singapore on August 1st and I aim to arrive back in the UK in the first or second week of September. You can keep up-to-date on my trip via my other blog and I will try to make posts there as often as possible as I make my way home.
In the meantime if you want to see more photos please feel free to check out my Flickr page.
That's all for now, I'll be embarking on a new project in the autumn once I get back to sunny England!
CHARLOTTE, N.C. (AP) â Thorbjorn Olesen of Denmark rolled in a 30-foot birdie putt on the final hole for a 4-under 67 and a one-shot lead among early starters in a PGA Championship that was making it hard for Jordan Spieth and just about everyone else at Quail Hollow. Not since 2010 at Whistling Straits ...
Steven Holl Architects have won a competition to design a new harbour entrance in Copenhagen, Denmark. Holl's winning proposal for The LM Project involves building an office tower on either side of the harbour, linked by a 65m high public walkway. The walkway consists of two bridges meeting at an angle, "joining like a handshake
Yesterday was another dark day in Taiji, Japan. 25 striped dolphins were slaughtered mercilessly and without remorse. While global awareness of this has increased at an amazing rate over the last few years, there are moments when I wonder if we'll ever see the end of this. Not just in Taiji, but in the killing of pilot whales in Denmark, whaling in Japan, Norway, Iceland, etal, and other places too numerous to mention.
I recently learned about Diana Reiss, the author of The Dolphin in the Mirror and one of the founders of the website Act for Dolphins. I've requested The Dolphin in the Mirror from my local library and based on what I've heard, it comes highly recommended among several of my dolphin friends.
I find it highly encouraging that more scientists are jumping on board in support of cetaceans and even supporting the notion that these mammals deserve human rights recognition. One such opinion piece I found is here: Whales are People Too
Even some notable experts in Japan are speaking up more against whaling and one such example is this pdf pamphlet now available in English online that was published last June 2011. You can find that here: Research Whaling?
One highly suspected culprit in why so many whales and dolphins around the world are stranding themselves lies in the military use of sonar. Will suing the military make a difference? I don't know. But I'm heartened by the efforts of so many compassionate souls out there bringing this to every one's attention: Groups Sue Over Navy Sonar Impacts on Marine Mammals
Another example of people coming together to speak up and to protect these mammals is A Voice of the Orcas. This site was put together by a group of former Sea World trainers who are now making their voices heard on what really goes on at Sea World. Please help spread the word on this.
Here's some good news! As you know, Paul Watson of the Sea Shepherd Conservation Society has not only been active in helping to protect whales, sea turtles, sharks, and dolphins, he's also been instrumental in making people aware of the harp seal cull up in Canada. Many other organizations and people who've been involved in this deserve all the kudos and credit in the world as well. It's been a battle that's raged for over 40 years. According to this article by Paul Watson, it appears these slaughters are finally coming to an end. You can read his commentary on this here: The Canadian Seal Hunt is Dead!
It takes a special class and level of idiocy to not give a shit about what you're doing when you're out on the water in a boat or on a jet ski. Some people thought it would be a great deal of fun to terrorize a pod of dolphins (with babies) with their jet skis down in Hobart, Australia. Their self proclaimed ignorance that they were bothering a pod of dolphins is no excuse. Boating requires one to be mindful and watchful of where you're going and to be careful to not disturb the wildlife. That's just common sense.
Here's an interesting site that has a page full of varying whale and dolphin links dating back a few years. Dolphin and Whale News
"It is horrifying that we have to fight our own government to save the environment." ~ Ansel Adams ~
"We are at the beginning of that path that can lead humankind to humanity." ~ Sviatoslav Zbeelin, Russian environmentalist ~
Some of the words attributed to the Aquarian Age that's upon is are: altruistic, humane, enlightenment, consciousness, truth, compassion, spirituality, and love. That doesn't mean these have not existed. I simply believe they will become more the norm and we'll see a more commonly held belief that we each have a responsibility, it not a moral duty, to treat ourselves and all species humanely and with respect.
Over the years, Japan has earned a well deserved reputation for being whale and dolphin killers with little regard and with a stubborn defensive stance in claiming to protect their cultural rights to hunt them. They also seem to have little regard for the exploitation of the fisheries industry and seem to have a short term mind set versus considering the long term consequences of their actions. So instead of accepting responsibility that they have played a role in the depletion of various species of fish in the sea, they blame the dolphins and the whales for the lack of said fish in the sea. This makes little sense to me personally. Cetaceans need the fish and plants in the oceans for their own survival. Japan claims the same. So going to war against the dolphins and whales only makes sense to them.
Obviously, Japan is a seafood nation. But their practices and choices are currently not sustainable. But they are not the only country guilty of this. Denmark, for instance, continues to slaughter pilot whales. Norway as well. And the USA is complicit in this hypocrisy.
I'm not trying to be judgmental here. However, it deeply concerns me that with our planet teetering ever closer to the point of no return, that we have yet to set a course for sustainability and a mutually beneficial human/species relationship.
I'm reminded of this Cree prophecy that I've shared here in the past:
When all the trees have been cut down, when all the animals have been hunted, when all the waters are polluted, when all the air is unsafe to breathe, only then will you discover you cannot eat money.
Are the times changing? Based on this article from the Japan Times, it gives me some hope: Wars Over Whaling
It's the first article from inside of Japan that I can personally recall as being the most level headed and articulate.
âMany of my works have their wellspring in things and experiences from my childhood and youth that still haunt me,â says British artist Mark Leckey. âThe motorway bridge is one of those things that has settled in my memory. That is why I have recreated it.â Leckeyâs summer installation at Denmarkâs National Gallery is room-dominating … Continue reading Summer Art: Ethereal evocation in an eerie environment
Alex Guarnaschelli, Food Channel star and chef at Butter in midtown Manhattan, talks with EconTalk host Russ Roberts about what it's like to run a restaurant, the challenges of a career in cooking, her favorite dishes, her least favorite dishes, and what she cooked to beat Bobby Flay.
Russ Roberts: So, most of us have never worked in a restaurant, although I did wait tables at HoJo's--which is a blast from the past--about 1969 or 1970. Most people don't even know what HoJo's is: Howard Johnson's. But I'd never been in a serious restaurant except via movies. And so, one thing I'd like to hear from you is--I want to start with a sous chef. Tell us what a sous chef does, and what is the life of a sous chef in a day-to-day way in a restaurant.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Well, I think a chef, to sort of describe the scenario--it's sort of like an episode of Star Trek, you know? So, you have the chef, which is kind of Captain Kirk; and then you have a sous chef or a number of sous chefs, like Spock and McCoy, that really are boots on the ground and are all around the space ship. And that's kind of how most sous chefs function. Which means you are dealing with going through the line cooks, prep the things that have been done in advance for dinner service, lunch service, breakfast, to make sure that everything's on point, fresh, on par, cut properly, cooked properly if things are pre-cooked. You are probably participating in the purchasing, meaning you are going in the refrigerator and making sure there's a lot of everything that's needed to make the food. And then you are also probably participating in putting together the specials for the day, if there are any, or just the mechanics of the menu: any seasonal changes, any adjustments you make for changes you make when an ingredient becomes too expensive. You know, if you--and of course, because of the nature of your podcast, I'm thinking money. When in fact, a chef always is thinking about money and how to spend as little of it as possible. You know--to have a lot of[?] strawberries on your menu in New York City in February is not the same as to have them in August. And so, a sous chef would more than likely be tracking some of those costs, and certainly participating with the chef in curating a menu that's good but that also, obviously, is as cost-effective as possible. And, I mean--cooking. I forgot that part. A sous chef also cooks. Notice how long it took me to get to the word 'cooking.'
Russ Roberts: So, what's a line chef, compared to a chef or sous chef? What's a line chef doing?
Alex Guarnaschelli: A line chef is really coming in and is responsible for a certain section of the kitchen, and therefore a certain group of dishes on the menu. Kitchens are most commonly divided by a section of the menu, quite honestly. There is traditionally, say, a garde manger--which is cold dishes--and in an American-style kitchen could also include desserts. There is a hot appetizer section--those are the hot apps: spaghetti, what have you, that have to be heated up. There is a fish section; there is a meat section. Obviously, there are so many vegetarians now, the fish section or the meat section might very well also have a dish or two that's just purely vegetarian. And so a line chef comes in, say, to the garde manger and makes sure that all the ingredients and all the salads and all the cold appetizers are set up and ready. So, when that first ticket rolls to the printer, when the first guest sits down, they are ready to make it.
Russ Roberts: The image you get of a sous chef on a TV show or in a movie is a serf--someone who is typically abused verbally by an egotistical maniac chef who throws temper tantrums, screams at them; and then they dutifully say, 'Yes, Chef. Sorry, Chef. No, Chef.' Is that true? Is that somewhat accurate?
Alex Guarnaschelli: That's a very loaded question you've asked me. It can be true. I think obviously television loves to exaggerate for effect. I think we all know that if our jobs are sensationalized on television, that we'd love to share how far less compelling and how much redundancy actually goes on in everyone's day-to-day at the office, whether it's a desk or a cutting board. There's certainly tension. You know, the problem with cooking is, I can't say to you, 'I'll get that on your desk in half an hour.' Or, 'I'm not ready to give it to you.' Or, 'Gee, I'm 10 minutes late with that email.' That doesn't work in a restaurant. It just doesn't work. Someone's sitting there, waiting; and they have to go to the theater--which is the classic, pre-theater table that has to, comes at 5:30, wants to leave by 6:30 and have 3 or 4 courses. You don't have the luxury of saying, 'Hey, could you go tell the guests I'm just not ready to give them their food?' And that creates a problem. That creates friction. The person who is responsible to make all the parts grind and work [?] to get that plate of food in front of the consumer--it really all falls on them. And, I don't know--how would you feel if you had to push, and you know, really drive people and make sure everything was ready, and, say, 40, 50 times a night you are saying, 'Where is that?' I mean, how would you be, on the 40th time you were looking for something that wasn't ready? And you can't do it all yourself. I think there is also a fantasy that there is just one chef in every kitchen--just one person making everything. I know that was my original fantasy, growing up: There's one person; he probably looks like Santa Claus in my head; and he's cooking and prepping and doing everything. And the actuality of the situation is, regardless of how simple or complex the operation, there's a team of people that are theoretically collaborating to get you want you asked for. And then you pay for it. And then they get their paychecks. And so on, and so on.
Russ Roberts: So, you described--I heard you describe working in a big-league restaurant as 'athletic.'
Alex Guarnaschelli: Oh, yeah.
Russ Roberts: It also strikes me as balletic--ballet-like. That, there's a certain dance that I guess is also part of the athleticism. So, what did you mean by that?
Alex Guarnaschelli: I mean it's unbelievable what can go on in a small space--how much can get done. It's just kind of--it still sort of astounds me. I walk into the restaurant and there are 200, 300 people eating; if we have private events in our two events, basically in a full dining room, we can talk about feeding upwards of 200, 250 people in an hour and a half, two-hour period. And there are 8-10 people cooking, including the desserts. There are two different dish washers. There are 3 or 4 food runners. That's a lot of people. That's at least 12 people that you counted on them all getting the work, getting all their stuff done; you counted on all the deliveries being made, everything being prepped. That's a lot of what-ifs. And it's beautiful: When it happens nicely and you see it all come together, it's absolutely beautiful to watch. When it's awful, oh, boy is it awful. But, when it's beautiful, *ptsssiouh*--you just kind of feel it's a high that you get addicted to. And you know how that can go--
Russ Roberts: I interviewed Adam Davidson about the movie The Big Short. He was one of the advisers to the movie. I think it was Adam Davidson: I know he was the adviser to the movie; I'm hoping I got the right episode. But, he was talking about how in a movie production there are all these people who are credibly specialized who do pieces of the production, and it just kind of happens because they know their job. And there's a huge premium put on, and value, of somebody you can count on to do it perfectly. And that must be true in your world true.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Oh, yeah.
Russ Roberts: There must be lots of stuff that you don't tell people that you don't tell people what to do. They know what they are supposed to do; they know what's supposed to be where and when. Is that true?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yeah. There are--actually, this is true of any field. There are different types of skill sets that you look for. You want people that can--you want someone who can beautifully butcher 30 chickens in half an hour. You want someone who goes into the refrigerator and sees 3 or 4 things that aren't really being used that need to be used and combines them into a Special for that night. You want someone who can cook 20 steaks perfectly in 10 minutes. So, you want different types of skills. It's not just one [?]. And that's true of anything, right? On a movie set I might have someone who is brilliant at lighting, someone who is brilliant at sound; make-up, costumes, furniture, special effects--it's the same, a kitchen is the same, you know? And I think one of the most important things I've always tried to stick by is if someone is good at something, chances are they like it. Generally speaking. They like it because they are good at it; and they are good at it because they like it. And so, when I find someone and I see that they like to do something, I have them do that. And I periodically say, 'Hey, do you still love that? Because, if you don't, let's have you try something else so that you don't get bored, you don't fall in a rut, or whatever else.' But that's really been--that's really what makes the ballet great. Because, when you say to the dancers, 'How do your feet feel? You still feel like dancing to this song? Should we change this song? You want to change your shoes?' The things that we can change which benefit incidentally the business, diversifying it and having a solid core of things people can come for but also maybe always having something a little bit new and exciting, it benefits everyone to do that. I think.
Russ Roberts: There's really few things more beautiful in human achievement than mastery. And it's really what you are talking about, right?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Absolutely.
Russ Roberts: It's just, when you have somebody who does their job with excellence, it takes your breath away.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yes. That's a brilliant way to put it. There's a poem by Gerard Manley Hopkins, "The Windhover," and I'm trying to find it. He's talking about a bird--and I'll find it in a minute. But it's--it takes his breath away.
Russ Roberts: But, what I was going to ask you is: Are there some skills that frustrate you? That are particularly hard to find and you have to fire someone, or they let you down because it's just so hard; and when you get that person who knows how to do it, you are just so ecstatic? What are, what might some of those skills be in an intense environment like you are talking about?
Alex Guarnaschelli: The micro-skills you are talking about--what are they for me?
Russ Roberts: Yeah. Key.
Alex Guarnaschelli: What's a list of the micro-skills?
Russ Roberts: What are the most important ones?
Alex Guarnaschelli: For me, I think, I'm going to say, cooking meat and fish accurately. If someone wants a medium-rare salmon, if someone wants a well-done steak, if someone wants a rare bass[?], if someone wants a medium-rare pork chop--those are a lot of nuances. Not only to know how to do them, but to do them under pressure multiple times and get it right every time. That's a big one. And the larger, more overarching thing is that meat and fish cost a ton of money. And so, if you don't cook it right and you screw it up and you've got to scrap it, do it again, that's a lot of money. A couple of steaks lost every night over a year--I think I did the math on that once, and the tens of thousands of dollars it lost in revenue was alarming. My friend had a restaurant--he had, deliberately put a table of 4 by the door where people would sit and answer the phone, and take reservations. It was a way of showing how much people wanted to eat there; and it was a very effective little tool until he calculated that he was losing about $60-70,000 in annual revenue, having a table of 4 that no one was sitting and eating at. So, every steak, every piece of fish is really critical to your bottom line, because it's so expensive. So, that's the first one. The second one is a good pastry chef. Which I think really fell out of fashion for a number of years. I think there was a lot of, 'Hey, let's cut that department; as a chef, I'll just do it.' You know what? Chefs and pastry chefs are not the same animals. It's like saying, 'You know what, I don't have a horse to ride at the Kentucky Derby, so I'll just ride a zebra.' It's not the same type of thinking; it's not the same mindset; it's not the same approach. That's just my opinion; and I don't need anybody to agree with me. But a good pastry chef who is taking care of bread; if you are serving breakfast; other such things, and there are pastries involved, and then there are desserts on the lunch, the dinner menu--those are a lot of nuances. Also, you can have a crappy meal and have a great dessert and walk away saying, 'I feel really great.' We don't have the power to trump all, in my opinion. That's the ace in the hole.
Russ Roberts: But, has dessert fallen off in recent years, as a menu item, as something people order.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Well, that's a separate question you are asking. So, I'll get to that. I'll tell you what people are eating at the restaurant, because actually, we print a product mix of everything and we look at what people are eating. We look at trends. We--what do people like that we are doing, what do people don't like? It's a great way to take a restaurant's temperature all the time. Which I think is important: Take your own temperature. It's not pretty. That's the time you probably have a fever. But at least you know where you are at. So, other micro-skills? A really good dish washer is so underrated. It's a skill to wash things, clean[?] them, not have residual soap. Let me understand that if you have the greatest cook in the world and you have the best cut of steak in the world, and you've got the most beautiful stove: But if the pan, stove is soapy[?] or it's dirty, what does all that other stuff matter? What directly touches the meat, no matter how good it or the cook is, is going to ruin it. And the other thing is just keeping the place clean. That's a big part of making food taste good. Um, what other micro-skills? Putting away food--
Russ Roberts: I want to go back to the empty table. One of the things that, as an economist that always fascinates me--and I heard this from Earl Thompson, UCLA (University of California, Los Angeles) economist who argued that the markup on food is related to how long it takes to eat it. Not just the cost of the ingredients but basically what you are doing as you are sitting in a restaurant is you are renting the table. And you can't--it's not so nice to sit at a table with a meter running. So, restaurants, through a variety of, maybe not even realizing it, but tend to charge more for things that take longer to eat. Obviously, take longer to prep, as well. Because there's more labor time. But the key point is that turnover of the table--how long you sit there--if a restaurant turns over 3 times a night versus 5, it's an enormously expensive thing to have a leisurely meal. So, I'm curious how you deal with that, with your staff, with your wait staff. You want people to have a great time. You want them to linger over a great wine and great desserts. You also want to get that table for the next person. So, how do you--that's an art.
Alex Guarnaschelli: I mean, you are talking--you really are managing to touch on the very unromantic underbelly of restaurant dining. Um, you know, I do find that in New York City there are so many other factors that go into this specific aspect of a restaurant. My restaurant is in mid-town Manhattan. People are either going to the theater, so they have their own built-in timer and they are going to get up; and they are also going to eat early in the evening--which you obviously love. You love that 5-o'clock seating. Right?
Russ Roberts: Yeah.
Alex Guarnaschelli: You have people that, in Midtown are getting off work and they are having a business dinner: they are having some drinks and steak and they want to go home. They don't want to sit there with their--even if they like their colleagues. It's neither here nor there. They just don't want to be out, particularly on a weeknight, really, really late. So, in midtown Manhattan you have a lot of things that--sorry for the fire engine--
Russ Roberts: It's all right; makes it a little real.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yeah, makes it authentic. Um, in Midtown Manhattan, you have a lot of built-in constraints. Which are actually kind of a blessing in disguise, when all is said and done. I, my restaurant in--I've had work--Butter is 16 years old. When I started out at Butter, it was a year-plus old. And it was a big nightlife[?] spot. So, our first customer--our first customer--was often not until 8 o'clock at night. And we would serve dinner. My rule with the kitchen was: It closes when the last person who would like to eat here finishes ordering. You know? That's when my kitchen closes. And that would be very late. So, the cooks would come later. It would stagger in later. And, it would go later. Tell me how bizarre it was, when I took that exact kitchen staff--we moved the restaurant to mid-town. Our biggest dinner rush was at 6 o'clock. Those same cooks were used to rolling in at 6 and not having to serve food till 8--or 9 even, sometimes. So, it was like we had to retrain ourselves, first of all. But second of all, with the night-life stuff, I also had a speakeasy with my partners where someone would be onstage singing. And no one would get up. And you had a ton of celebrities. So, you'd be sitting in a room with a bunch of actors or musicians or whatever else; you'd order another $15 or $20 drink; and that just wasn't going to pay the rent on the fact that would often lose half of the seating, because people just wouldn't get up. Now, so, yeah. There's an art to it. And then sometimes there's nothing you can do about it. You also have people that just come in, they don't order a lot, and then they linger over their food. You have people that order an enormous steak, eat it in 5 minutes, and leave. Or, we try to do the best we can to make guests feel, 'Hey, look, this is yours. Relax, enjoy yourselves.' We think about how things are eaten, how much food to give, how long is it going to take to eat it. I mean--Butter is just not the kind of place where you take a stop watch to a bowl of grits, you know? And you know what? The way we cover that really is more diners that wants[?]. In other words, our events business. Which is really critical to, you know, surmounting the rent and all the other costs. I don't think it's any newsflash to you. Opening a restaurant in New York City just isn't what it used to be. It's unbelievable.
Russ Roberts: Yeah. I want to talk about that. Before we go on, I want to give you the line from Gerard Manley Hopkins'--it's hard to believe; this was written in the 19th century. It's so beautiful. He's talking about seeing a falcon in flight. He says, "My heart in hiding stirred for a bird the achieve of the mastery of the thing." I just love that line.
Russ Roberts: I want to talk about--so your restaurant is called 'Butter,' which is one of the greatest names of all time for a restaurant. It makes you hunger just thinking about it.
Alex Guarnaschelli: It really is great.
Russ Roberts: How much time do you spend worrying about your competitors? If a new restaurant opens around the corner, do you drop in to see what they are doing? What their prices are?
Alex Guarnaschelli: No.
Russ Roberts: You can't really drop in anyway, because you are recognizable. So you don't worry about that. You just try to--
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yeah--
Russ Roberts: You just try to get Butter right.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Well, yeah. Honestly, I spend so much time worrying about the restaurant itself. I've found that if I'm spending a lot of time worrying about my competitors, it probably means I'm procrastinating on something about the actual restaurant I'm a part of, and that I should probably face reality and face whatever it is that I'm trying to avoid by worrying how much for that on the street is charging for his sea bass.
Russ Roberts: What's the hardest part of that experience, of running Butter? You say your work should[?] be worrying about that--what would be a worry that's keeping you up at night?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Keeping the staff satisfied and happy with their work makes the food taste good. I don't need anybody to agree with me. It's just what I feel. And that's what I spend a lot of my energy and time doing. Making sure [?], cooks in particular, are stimulated, that they feel a part of the conversation, sounds a little kumbaya in the face of so much math. But it works. And, you know, I think an employee who feels as satisfied as is possible, is going to give more to the business. And that trickles down to how much money you make. It really does. You know, for example, I'll go to a bakery and I'll buy a dozen cookies; and the person gives me 14 instead of 12, and says, 'Don't worry about it.' I think to myself, 'Either they like me and they want me to have more cookies because they are good people, or they feel underpaid and they think if they give a little of that extra pride, they're going to get an extra tip.' You know, there's a number of nuances as to why something like that goes on. And you have all those varying degrees in a restaurant: You have a waiter who tries to tack on an extra side-dish, or tries to add cheese, and add this and add that, that costs the restaurant; but the waiter doesn't charge the consumer. You know, like, 'Oh, no problem. I'll add that on.' Well, what are they not getting, that they are trying to, you know, make up for?
Russ Roberts: Yeah. I turn those down: As a customer I often say, 'No, thank you,' because it's stealing. I get it, but it's--
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yeah. It isn't stealing: it's like cab drivers in New York City. You get in a cab and they drive around like there are no other cars; they drive around like it's the Indy 500. It can really--it really comes down to being so deep in a context that you lose a sense of it, I think, to a large extent. And I think when you are doing--when you have a lot of guests every single night, over and over and over again, you are like, '[?] a slice of cheese.' So, what I did--I want to believe it's innocent and just good will, because Butter is really a sort of good-will place. It would not be open without the staff and all the people who are so dedicated to making it work every day. It just wouldn't. It wouldn't exist. So, I have to believe in that kind of greater good. I really do. I don't mean to sound hokey--
Russ Roberts: No, no. That's what it's all about--
Alex Guarnaschelli: but those kumbaya things work. It's the[?] human.
Russ Roberts: That's what it's all about. Two people on a date in your restaurant, a nice meal--so, they're going to have wine, they're going to have dessert, they're going to have an appetizer. What's the tab going to run, roughly?
Alex Guarnaschelli: My guess is going to be, if they each have a couple of glasses of wine or a bottle of wine, and a steak--I don't know-- $250?
Russ Roberts: So, it's upscale.
Alex Guarnaschelli: $200? Could get to $300. Depends on your choices. But there is also a varying degree of choices, for that very reason. I don't like the concept of a restaurant that you literally walk in and you just put your wallet down. You know, no matter what. I feel trapped and strangled by that concept.
Russ Roberts: You mean, I just give you my credit card when I walk by the Maitre d' and say, 'Enjoy.'
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yes. Yeah. 'I'm just going to actually give you the deed--I'm going to give you the deed to my car, and I'm going to have dinner.' There should be some bandwidth.
Russ Roberts: How do you worry about that number? Do you think about--how often do you think about changing your prices? How often do you think about changing your menu? Are there rules of thumb in the business?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Um, the rules of thumb in the business pertain to the type of restaurant you are running. Obviously, a Japanese restaurant that's serving sushi, a Mexican restaurant that's serving barbacoa, an Italian restaurant that's serving lasagne and spaghetti--it's not going to be the same across the board. So, I think a number of factors come into play. What are sort of the building blocks of your cooking style that you need and how much do those cost? What role does seasonality play in what you are doing? I think seasonality plays a role in all cuisines, but I think you can structure a restaurant. For example, if you have a store and you are selling Banh Mi sandwiches, I don't think the seasonality of chicken livers is as critical as the seasonality of something like asparagus. So, Butter is a green-market-driven restaurant. It's French fundamentally. I call it French-American: French techniques, American ingredients. It definitely has a splash of Italian in there, and that definitely has a lot to do with the fact that I grew up--I'm Italian/American. Both my parents are Italian. But I trained for many years in France, and I spent a lot of time working with fresh produce and markets. So, it's sort of makes sense. So, for my rule of thumb: We change the menu, I would say we change 20-30% of the menu 8-10 times a year, on average. We will in addition put something else on here and there as well. Desserts change with similar frequency. The lunch menu pretty much similarly; although, lunch is probably more stable, because I do find lunch is a different animal. People come in and they want to have a salad. They want to go back to their desk. They are thinking about the fact that they've got another meal on their hands--which is dinner--and if they have a really long day of work, I generally think they want to regard dinner as a recreational part of their day--calorically. So, those are my rules of thumb, generally. Seasonality is really important. I think. And keeping up with that can be hard.
Russ Roberts: Let's shift gears. I have a lot of trouble going to movies, because if there's any economics in it, it drives me crazy. When you watch food movies--restaurant movies, food movies--is there something that drives you crazy when you watch them, and someone says, 'Wasn't that great?' And you said, 'I couldn't enjoy it, because that part about the whatever was so unrealistic I was offended.'
Alex Guarnaschelli: I don't like when chefs are off on weekends to go on dates and participate in the romantic thread of the movie. I think that's just crazy to me. You know: What really good chef has Saturday night off to have a hot date and isn't worried that 18 things are going wrong. I didn't have a Saturday night off for years. And when I did get one, it felt so odd I couldn't enjoy it. I don't think any chef truly enjoys a Saturday night. They are either in the restaurant angry that they don't have the night off; or, they have the night off and they are outside the restaurant drinking and worrying because they are not there. That's the plight of a chef. And we all--every profession has their moment in the week or their nuance that someone never enjoys. I would say that's totally unrealistic. I think, I think everybody sort of goes along and just sort of seamlessly--and just seeing that framing[frying?] pan, that sprinkle of powdered sugar that we so often see in movies as a representation of a kitchen kind of amuses me. You know, it's very hard work. It's very physical. There's a beauty to it, but maybe not a cinematic beauty in the classical sense that necessarily--so that's something that I kind of resent. I like movies like Big Night, where, you know, a fight just ratchets itself to a complete standstill inside a restaurant. I think a movie like No Reservations where someone gorgeous like Catherine Zeta-Jones magically gets an Aaron Eckhart, stunning sous chef, and they fall in love and everything works out. She also somehow [?] a chef's salad lives on a gorgeous corner on Bleecker Street, and she lives down the block with her poodle and her Porsche, which is also kind of perplexing to me, considering the economics of being a chef. When I chose to be a chef--or a cook, I should really say--when I just graduated college and I said to my dad, 'I think I want to be a chef,' and he said, 'I have two comments for you.' He said, 'The first is: Do you want to eat Thanksgiving dinner with your family on Thanksgiving? Or do you want to cook it for total strangers?' And that was, by the way, brilliant and true. I have spent many a Thanksgiving cooking for strangers instead of at the table with my family. And the second thing he said is, 'You've chosen an interesting field, because it's still somewhat the wild, wild West,' he said, 'and you can make very little, or an awful lot of money.' He said, 'and that isn't necessarily true of a lot of other fields of work.' And he was right. All of that was really right. I was a little too young--and irreverent--obviously; and they go hand in hand--to hear him. But I did think of that many times. And he was right. Really right. Parents are always right.
Russ Roberts: Yeah, I certainly agree with that, as a father of four. There must be some satisfaction, though, often, in making strangers delighted by your work, on Thanksgiving. That's something.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Um, the satisfaction--I'll just give you my opinions; and then do with them what you will. I truly think, after all this experience, that the satisfaction has to be for you. It has to come from within you, and this, you know, all the boomerang, you throw it and it comes right back to you. I really think it has to--you have to go in and work really hard and try to get everything as right as you can each day: consistently, steadily, time and time again, [?], and be satisfied with that. The satisfaction is in consistency and hitting your mark as frequently as you possibly can. [?] And then the guests follow suit. That doesn't mean I'm not constantly thinking about the guests. I am. [?] in a restaurant, good or bad, have always been intended for the guests. Sort of--the drive to do it only comes from inside of you. The drive to do that, the desire.
Russ Roberts: That's one of the, I think, deepest parts of the nature of work. Which is, we often forget the ultimate effects of our work. I mean, right now I'm working really hard to do a nice job interviewing you. Which is challenging. I'm not a--I had to--I did a little bit a research, and a little bit of thought; and a lot more thought than I do for most of my interviews because this is off the beaten track a little bit. And I don't spend a lot of time thinking about whether people enjoy it or not. I assume that there's that connection. Like you do: You nailed the steak, and you know the customer is happy; but you are really focused on the steak. But ultimately you have to focus on the customer, because you won't do a good job with the steak. And so, that's a complicated back-and-forth for me. And, when I get emails from listeners about what they've learned, it's like, 'Oh, yeah! Right. I'm not just talking to Alex Guarnaschelli on a Friday morning. We're actually being listened to by a lot of people. Thankfully.' And it's hard to keep that in mind sometimes. It's an interesting back and forth.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yes. And then, when you talk with people--it all boils down to a steak. You are often talking about your idea of medium-rare; and the general idea of medium-rare. And all of those varying degrees of medium-rare. You know? I'm making it for myself the way I want it, the way I know it's good; and then, there's, 'Hey, this is how most people actually like it--a little less salt, a little less vinegar.' A chef's palate is the amount of salt that I have to use. I can't be in the morning I have to have an English muffin on a Saturday [?]--I put salt on my toast with butter. Because I want that. That's what my palate is asking, 'I wish there was a little more salt than this.' I ate dinner in [?] restaurant last night, and I thought the food was too salty. And I said to my dining companions, 'If I think it's too salty, it's too salty.' So, there's that other thing to reconcile at the end of the day, which is a chef who [?]--
Russ Roberts: Say that again? Say that again? I lost you there.
Alex Guarnaschelli: A chef--there is a nuance there, which is there is a chef who is always theoretically anyway and always to a division, sees things a certain way, who seasons the ingredients in a particular way, and then there's the sort of reception of that by the general public, 'Oh, the food's too salty there.' Or, 'the food's too heavy there.' Or, 'the food's too dietetic there.' 'I don't like the desserts.' And sort of paying attention to those trends. And then sometimes you don't feel like such an artist. How about that? You go into the refrigerator and you have 10 cases of cauliflower, because you over-ordered or because you thought you needed it for that party of 300 that ordered cauliflower soup; and now the special is cauliflower for 3 days. And people say to me, 'How do you come up with those ideas?' Hey, sometimes I don't come up with them in such a romantic way. Sometimes I do, by the way. When I see that the 'fridge is humming along and that everything is good and that there's nothing kind of hanging on that I'm worried about--yeah. I go into the 'fridge, I look around and I say, 'Wow, this is really fun. Is this really what I earn a living doing?' And there there's some times when I say, 'Hey, you know what? I've got 30 courses' of bass in there leftover from a lunch party. That's the special tonight. How can we make it great?' Now, I'm operating on the premise that the bass I bought is wonderful--so, it's not like, from China, a [?] something bad. But the idea that we just freely go in and choose the way one might do at home with their refrigerator, I think people might assume somewhat like that: Well, we always have leftovers at home, right? You're always worrying about that quart of milk or the rest of that bag of celery at the bottom of your crisper drawer. Or that weird ingredient that you bought on a whim at the supermarket that's sitting in the 'fridge looking at you like, 'What are you going to do with me now?' We have the same challenges in a restaurant, only whether we do or don't make money depends on how artfully--and methodically, really--how we use all those things. Or not.
Russ Roberts: So, tell me something you are proud of like that, where you created something magical out of--a purse out of a sow's ear.
Alex Guarnaschelli: I think chefs do a lot of that. I said just the other day that I feel one of a chef's many responsibilities--two of the biggest are philanthropy and also you know, finding the nobility in ingredients that are less-prized and more affordable. It's not just the scoop of caviar or the lobster or the langoustine that needs to be treated by the most skilled hands. Yes, that's true. But it's also things like oxtails, pig ears, rutabaga--the less sexy foods of the bunch. What do you do when you have a mushy batch of peaches? What do you do when apples are mealy? That's really where technique can trump an ingredient. I always say: If the ingredient isn't coming to you, you've got to go to it. And there's got to be that constant push-pull. So, let me think: What am I particularly proud of? Hmmm. I mean, I would say, one of the things that we do periodically at the restaurant that I'm most proud of is we buy a whole animal and we make a commitment to cooking and using all of it. I know "nose-to-tail" is over-used as a concept. But, we got a whole pig and we just served a series of dishes: we cured some of it, we brined some of it, we smoked some of it. And we served it until we really made our way through the whole animal, served it all. And then what I discovered is that you could then turn an experience like that into somewhat of one of the many threads that goes into the philosophy of a restaurant. So, when we get a head of broccoli--hey, let's make a little salad with the pretty little florets, and all the [?] of the broccoli, let's make soup from the middle part; let's peel the stems and make a pesto. And you end up with this note[?] that's half philosophy with something like broccoli. Which is absurd, right? Because broccoli obviously doesn't have noses and tails. But that sensibility, that's something that I'm really proud of. And something that I think is useful in this day and age when chefs have to, first of all, minimize waste, and second of all, maximize profitability off everything.
Russ Roberts: Let's talk about your own eating habits for a minute, and your daily life. You said you were out at a restaurant last night. How often do you eat at a restaurant versus cook for yourself?
Alex Guarnaschelli: I try to eat out as little as possible. How about that? I probably cook for myself 30% of the time--30, n'yeah, 30. It varies. And some weeks not at all; and some weeks it's 50-60%. So, it varies. My own eating habits are a disaster. They always have been. The reason I agreed to participate in this podcast is because of your deranged relationship with potato chips. And, I was really drawn to you by how piercingly intelligent you are and how connected you are to your emotions, and how despite all of that you will lose yourself at a bodega in a bag of potato chips. That is me to a 't.' You and I share that common thread. I can see certain trigger foods in a supermarket and there's no getting at me--there's just no way anything, no amount of intelligence, restraint, therapy, or anything else will do. So, I have probably struggled all along with just eating 3 square meals. I don't understand that concept. I think a lot of chefs are grazers and nibblers and tasters. That's just how we go through it. You know, I'm having to let go of this fantasy that no matter what I do I get to three meals. Or, if you eat all day and you still give yourself 3 meals, we know where that goes.
Russ Roberts: Yeah. I like when my wife says, when I say something like, 'Gee, I wish I could have some x,' and she says--I'm being whimsical; I'm not really longing for it--and she says, 'Are you hungry?' And I say, 'Of course not! I want to eat.' Why are those related?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yeah. I didn't understand that that was a prerequisite. The other thing is this idea that dessert--you are never hungry. You know, I turn to my [?] chef all the time and say, 'Here's something no one ever says: I'm starving; let's have dessert.'
Russ Roberts: Yeah.
Alex Guarnaschelli: So, there's a whole other set of sort of buttons on the keyboard to push to put a successful dessert in front of a consumer. And I'm often thinking about that; also because I just--I love dessert. I love a great dessert. So, I have a sweet tooth. I'm erratic. I'm unreliable. I drink way too much coffee. I drink a lot of tea. I grew up in a house--my father always makes tea. Very strong, distinctive teas--a lot of lapsang souchong, Poulier, Earl Grey, jasmine--just a lot. I think those really contributed to my passion or sense of smell and how--it's just one sensory experience to me, smelling a really nicely brewed cup of tea and then having hot liquid, just so comforting, and then taste. That's a lot, you know? So, I drink a lot of coffee and a lot of tea. I love the aroma therapy, and the temperature: I like hot things. I like hot food.
Russ Roberts: I should tell listeners that the potato chip aspect of my life that Alex is alluding to--
Alex Guarnaschelli: Yes, you should. I didn't know you were willing to share--
Russ Roberts: Yeah. Well, we both were on a podcast called "Tell Me Something I Don't Know." It's scheduled to air this Fall; and if you follow me on Twitter, folks, I'll tell you when that comes out. But, I talked about potato chips drawing on my Brendan O'Donohoe episode, which many of you still listen to and still love; and we'll put a link up to that, in this episode. I want to ask you a question, again about your eating habits. Do people cook for you? And do they--because if you came to my house, it would be a frightening thing. Right? I mean, there are a couple of things I know how to make. And I like to think 20 things my wife makes that are first-rate. But, cooking for a chef is very intimidating. Does anyone cook for you who isn't a chef?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Um, people do. I don't know--I think they think they are going to enjoy it, and then when I arrive, they are less--some people love the challenge; some people make a hundred things and ask me how it tastes and if they should be a chef. It all depends on where that person is coming from. I will say[?] the most relaxing thing is when a chef invites me over, and just makes something super-simple like a roast chicken. I am a friend of Michael Symon; he's a chef on The Chew. He's from Cleveland. He has a number of restaurants. When he invites me over for lunch, dinner, whatever, and he just makes a bunch of stuff; and we eat. And it's always so delicious. I mean, above and beyond. So, we're just, 'Hey, we're both off duty.' You know? I always joke: Do you think a cab driver drives around his neighborhood on his day off? You know? Chefs just love to be cooked for. They deserve it. And we're not getting that. But I don't know--I think people like it in their mind, but I don't get many invitations about that. I should get more, shouldn't I?
Russ Roberts: I think you should.
Alex Guarnaschelli: I'm a good person.
Russ Roberts: Next time you'll in Washington, D.C., you let me know and I'll cook for you. I have a big green egg. So, it's hard to ruin--there are many things I can not ruin on a big green egg. And one of them is, like, a roast chicken. I butterfly it; I think you'd like it.
Russ Roberts: So, you mention Big Night, which is one of my favorite food movies. And that movie centers around two things: risotto and hot dogs. But the hot dogs are just a throw-away line. I heard you say, when we talked before, that you can never cook risotto again. And why is that?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Well, I don't think people realize how many times we potentially do something. Right? So, I've made risotto so many thousands of times. I've batch-cooked it. I've served it all night, and had to taste it and taste it all night long, serving it. I've ended up making risotto in two different very high-end restaurants: one 3-Star Michelin in Paris and one [?] in New York City. I ended up, by a series of unfortunate events, making risotto pretty much steadily for about 5 and a half years. And that's every night, general service. And I just can't: when I see that box of Arborio rice in a supermarket--you know, it didn't do anything wrong; it's just a sweet little box of very delicious rice--I just run in the other direction. Run for the hills. Coiling. Right into the cookie aisle. For comfort.
Russ Roberts: What's your go-to dish, if you want to amaze me? What is the biggest wow that has the least chance of failure, that's going to just blow me away? What would you make?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Well, yeah. I'm a big fan of, um--I'm really a big fan of the aw-shucks school of thought on that. I would probably skip the caviar and the lobsters and go straight for a roast chicken or a whole roasted duck that's glazed with honey and vinegar, probably. I'd like a lot of really earthy ingredients. I love potatoes and onions and shallots and garlic. I mean, you give me [?] and lock me in [?] and [?] and I'm really happy. So, I would probably go in that direction. And if, maybe, I think impressing people with more everyday ingredients and a little bit of extra technique is definitely the best.
Russ Roberts: So, now, I'm at your house: I'm a weekend guest. And I don't feel so well. I'm sad; I'm a little bit depressed, having a tough time at work, say, or with a family issue. And you're going to make me some comfort food. And you've got a comfort food cookbook. What are you going to make me?
Alex Guarnaschelli: Well, I mean, I have to tell you that was very comfort--that's a case-by-case basis. You can't as a chef give a blanket, comfort answer. So, what you are telling this person, I mean, first of all, lasagna cures everything. Strangely so does eggplant parmesan. So, I'm really a fan of Italian-American as being number 1 go-to source of comfort. The other thing is, when all else fails, is: Just bake a giant cake. And frost it with many layers of butter cream. If the person doesn't like chocolate, go vanilla. Otherwise, it's vanilla cake with chocolate frosting. And it's several layers. And it sits out on the counter frosted, and gets nice and goopy and room-temperature-y. And then you have a big slice of it with either ice-cold milk, coffee, a small glass of dark rum, or possibly all three.
Russ Roberts: And what do you make for your daughter when you want to cheer her up?
Alex Guarnaschelli: I actually am trying to teach my daughter not to associate emotion with food so much--
Russ Roberts: Good luck with that.
Alex Guarnaschelli: I'm failing miserably. The things my daughter really loves are prosciutto, and poached eggs. So, I would say, always--and my daughter--I'm much more of a person who gets lost in a love of garlic salt[?] than I would a steak. She loves steak and potatoes. So, I would say, if I [?] a lot and she had poached eggs and prosciutto and maybe some sushi for lunch and steak and maybe some crusted potatoes for dinner, I won't hear from her--in a good sense of not hearing from her.
Russ Roberts: I think it's in the movie Chef--I think he makes his kid a grilled cheese sandwich. I think it's interesting--in the food movies, the chef always makes something unbelievably basic, like scrambled eggs, and then we as the viewer start to imagine that these are the greatest scrambled eggs or the greatest grilled cheese sandwich in the history of the world. Which reminds me that your world of Chopped and Iron Chef, how crazy it is that we live in a time where you can watch people cook. You don't get to taste the food, and you still watch.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Well, I always say, 'You can see it. You can witness the emotion and witness the technique and the cooking and the food.' And you can hear it. The sound of it cooking, the sound of the kitchen. The play-by-play commentary. You can't smell it and you can't taste it. And so, when I am either judging, I am attempting to fill in those blanks for people watching. This is like, it's like, 'This is what it smells like.' And I realize those two senses are deeply intertwined. Or, I am trying to illustrate with what I'm doing. Because I don't think there is any point in those shows if most of you feel brought in [?]. Well, yeah, it's crazy. You are right. It's literally like, you know, you go to the movies but the screen is blank, in a sense, because there's so little--you're not living in it, in actuality. But, come on: I mean, watching it--what's really the difference between watching a soccer match and watching an episode of Iron Chef, America? What's the difference? Is there much--isn't an athlete running around? Yeah, I mean it's nice, and an occasional wild salmon floating by. But isn't it the ability, fundamentally that same feeling? Don't you have somebody that for whatever set of reasons with the layer of emotion and food and your personal history, there's someone you feel in [?], there's someone you identify with. There's someone you don't like. It just becomes like a Star Wars Soccer Match. There's a Darth Vader. There's a Luke Skywalker. It's all the same.
Russ Roberts: Who are your heroes? Do you have any? Do you like Jacques Pepin? You like Julia Child?
Alex Guarnaschelli: I really love Bobby Flay. I really love Bobby Flay. He's fantastic. And it's nice to admire somebody who is living, vibrant, and, you know, almost the same age--well, we're of a similar age. So, I like--I love him. I think he is tremendous[?]. He is committed; when he says he is going to do something, he does it. I like that. He's got a lot of kind of--I call him 'Captain America.' And I think that's about right.
Russ Roberts: It's a very high compliment.
Alex Guarnaschelli: I love Julia Child, of course. I grew up watching my mother watch her shows on TV, write down what she did, and go in the kitchen and cook it. I mean, my mother was one of those people. Still is. And I love that. So, yes: I love Julia Child. I love James Beard, Craig Claiborne, Pierre Fernet[?]--this whole school of people that were sort of documenting French cooking in America and how to go about it. And I watched my mother cook all that food. So, that's really near and dear to my heart. But I have a little--I have a lot of different people that I like. So many different reasons to be drawn to people. I like Anne-Sophie Pic. She's a great chef who took over a 3-Star Michelin in France for her father and for her legacy, for her family. And she's running a staff of, you know, 35 men, and she's got 3 Michelin stars: I mean, she's amazing.
Russ Roberts: So, have you ever eaten at a 3-Star Michelin restaurant where you went, 'Ehh'? You don't have to name it.
Alex Guarnaschelli: You know--no, I hear you. Definitely. You know? Sure. I've had the privilege--I lived in France for 7 years, and I made very little money, but what money I did make at that time, I saved it. If you work 100 hours a week, the upside is you don't spend your paycheck--because you can't. There's no way to spend it. It's really funny, right? I know it's funny, but it's actually totally true. You never [?] make so little and save so much. So ironic to me. It's like Shakespearean. So, what money I did have, I spent. Every few months I would go somewhere [?] fancy and just eat, in an effort to learn, and whatever else. And, sure, definitely been underwhelmed. But more underwhelmed by a dish, and not so much by a whole meal or a whole experience.
Russ Roberts: Let's talk about Bobby Flay for a second. Bobby Flay has a show where you try to--it's a brilliant conceit: You pick your best dish and he's got to compete by matching it. What would you make to beat Bobby Flay?
Alex Guarnaschelli: I've actually beaten Bobby Flay. Twice. And I've made Lobster Newburg, which is an old-school lobster classic; and I made Sole Almondine, which is another old-school classic. I definitely go for those kind of French-y classics. But, make no mistake about it: He's such an unbelievable cook. He really is. I mean, people say to me, 'How can he always win as much as he does?' He just does. He's that good. Even when he's making something that he's not familiar with, somehow he pulls it off. He's a flavor master. And that's one of the reasons I admire him so much. He's also just a good dude. You know what I mean? On top of all the skill, he's a good guy.
Russ Roberts: Yeah. That's rare.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Pretty enviable.
Russ Roberts: Have you lost to him?
Alex Guarnaschelli: I have. On Iron Chef America I've competed against him. Jeffrey Zakarian competed against him and Michael Symon. And we lost. And Jeffrey and I were pissed, and it took a couple of martinis to get past.
Russ Roberts: That's pretty impressive. That's a low--it's a bar to get over it. But you still like him, too. That's very nice.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Hmmm. Yeah--
Russ Roberts: But you got those two victories--
Alex Guarnaschelli: That's right. There's something--yes. I love Michael Symon; I love Bobby. I love a lot of people that I work with. Really, I like everybody. It's a privilege to be on television. So, I'll take it.
Russ Roberts: Yeah, it's cool.
Russ Roberts: Let's talk about something a little serious for a minute. Not that this hasn't been serious. But something a little more, big picture-y. You mention that you keep track of what people eat and you look at trends, of course, in your own restaurant. And you are in a particular environment: you are in New York City, which is very specialized for all kinds of reasons. But, are there things going on in the food world that are dramatically different today than, say, 3, 5, obviously 20 years ago? Eating in America has changed so much in the last 50 years; but even the last 20. I think obviously from your perspective it's changed a lot. Talk about what some of those trends are, in terms of what people like to eat, what they care about emotionally. I recently had Tamar Haspel on the program and we talked about people's concerns about animals and animal welfare. What are some of the issues that you see, both in your restaurant and outside it, that interest you.
Alex Guarnaschelli: Whew. I mean, that's a big question. I definitely think people are eating more healthfully. I definitely think people care more about the food chain: where did the food begin and how did it get on my plate; and what does that mean? And I don't just mean in terms of taste, but, you know: Is it organic? How was it raised? How was it grown? Were there pesticides? There's so many different factors, I don't think that we really consider so many nuances when biting into a piece of cheese or a bread with a smear of butter at the beginning of a meal. Or a salad. I do think that people like what they like. And that, I sort of relish in the fact that people still eat French fries. People still eat steak. People still want mac and cheese. People still want those foods, a lot of the time. I think there's definitely a call for more diversity. I don't think you can get away with the menu that's so simple or that doesn't offer more choice. I don't [?] done, more complex and more choice both. The middle ground is less popular. I'd say it's either a slice of tomato with a sprinkle of small, [?] sweetened with the blessings from a chef from Denmark that has burnt rugma[?] on top of it, versus a dish that's like a 10,000 layer lasagna and that's, you know, the size of half of Texas. At the [?] we sensationalize it; I think that's part of our culture. And I love that, by the way. I think people will pay more for something of quality, more so than in the past. I like to believe that. I think that we have our national treasures, our junk food. And I think people also accept that. I think there's just more of a--I don't think people feel so much like they have to eat the same exact thing every day. One day they may have this. The next day they may have that. Sometimes I think that goes too far. When I see, for example, a Chinese restaurant that offer [?] sushi and banh mi, and [?], I'm thinking, 'They're mashing 18 cultures into one.' You know, so, like, 'Oh, we're just going to go out and have an Asian dinner.' And those kind of nuances of the different countries, including China, get pushed off; and it all becomes this hodgepodge. That, I think, is a shame. Because I think that, first of all, street food is so exciting. And second of all, the foods and ingredients and flavors are unique to each culture--just such a great way to celebrate their uniqueness. I don't like when that gets all mashed together. A lot of mash-ups. You know, your laundry detergent has to have your air freshener in it. You know? Everything has got to be 2 for the price of 1. And, a la carte, with food, I don't always love.
Russ Roberts: What are some of your other pet peeves about restaurants or food.
Alex Guarnaschelli: I don't think bacon on everything is a solution. I think it actually degrades and demeans bacon. There are 18 ways to make bacon, and so each one, again, is nuanced and belongs, I think, in a certain context. I think there are c
The picture shows an unusual accident that happened in North Jutland, Denmark . Three cars were involved - some how one ended up underneath another one. The only explanation given so far doesn't appear realistic to me.
Swedish charter airline Novair, has taken delivery of its first A321neo on lease from Air Lease Corporation (ALC). The A321neo will join Novair’s existing Airbus fleet of two A320 Family aircraft.
The aircraft is equipped with comfortable 18 inch wide seats in a single class 221 passenger layout. Powered by CFM LEAP-1A engines, the A321neo will be based in Stockholm and operate charter flights from Sweden, Denmark and Norway to destinations in southern Europe and Egypt.
Masih banyak orang belum mengenali terpaut berita ini dan juga apa sebab para pendeta vatikan yang berjumlah 30 orang tersebut masuk islam, begitu pula dengan 3000 lebih umat kristiani kenya melaporkan masuk islam. berita ini pula mengabarkan kepada kita seluruh, kalau islam tiap hari terus menjadi tumbuh.
saat ini, dibelahan bumi eropa serupa inggris dan juga sebagian negeri yang lain islam terus menjadi tumbuh. banyak orang yang menekuni tentang islam dan juga pada kesimpulannya memeluk agama islam. sebaliknya di amerika serikat seorang diri, semenjak bom di tower kembar orang berbondong - bondong menekuni islam. mayoritas mereka penasaran apakah benar benar orang islam itu teroris. nyatanya sama sekali bukan, karna islam tidak mengarahkan perihal kurang baik untuk umatnya. tidak tidak sering kita memandang ratusan orang, terlebih lagi ribuan orang masuk islam sehabis mendalami islam.
terpaut berita tentang 30 pendeta vatikan dan juga 3000 umat kristiani kenya masuk islam berikut penelusuran dari bermacam sumber :
seseorang jurnalis populer arab saudi, isham mudir yang diketahui mempunyai ikatan yang amat kental dengan mendiang daâi islam populer pada masanya, ahmad deedat, seseorang kristolog terkemuka menegaskan, statement - statement paus vatikan ialah benediktus xvi yang melecehkan islam baru - baru ini dikeluarkan karna tidak menerima 30 pendeta besar vatikan telah melaporkan masuk islam.
jurnalis arab saudi itu menarangkan, para pendeta tersebut saat ini ini tengah disidang dan juga diinterogasi secara ketat guna dikasih sanksi dan juga pengusiran dari gereja.
demikian serupa yang dikutip tubuh penerangan islam internasional. isham mudir dikala ini mengepalai suatu media center yang membidangi manejemen diskusi dengan barat dan juga pengenalan islam. lembaga ini didirikannya pada bulan desember tahun 2005 pasca permasalahan pemuatan karikatur pelecehan terhadap rasulullah saw oleh suatu media massa denmark. lembaga ini dia beri nama âdar el - bayyinahâ.
serupa dikenal, paus vatikan telah menukil ucapan - ucapan pemimpin imperium byzantium yang menyebut rasulullah saw bagaikan orang yang tiba ke dunia dengan kejahatan dan juga berperan tidak manusiawi. isham pula menyingkap, pasca permasalahan karikatur denmark yang melecehkan rasulullah saw itu, pribadinya telah memohon pemerintah denmark buat mempertemukannya dengan para redaktur surat - surat laporan dan juga pemimpin media massa di situ guna berdialog seputar karikatur tersebut tetapi permintaannya tersebut ditolak mentah - mentah.
walaupun paus vatikan melecehkan islam, pada dikala seiring 3000 lebih umat kristiani di negeri kenya menguatkan hatinya buat memeluk dan juga masuk agama islam. sekalipun banyak terjalin pelecehan terhadap islam. pada realitasnya banyak umat kristiani berbondong - bondong memeluk islam. para umat kristiani kenya tersebut berjumlah 3000 orang lebih, masuk islam dibawah tutorial para daâi jebolan fakultas syariâah dan juga dirasat islamiah yang dikelola oleh lembaga muslim afrika.
serupa yang dikutip kantor berita islam, para muallaf tersebut sebelumnya menjajaki training pengajaran agama islam yang diadakan di wilayah timur kenya, wilayah tepi laut dan juga wilayah tengah dan juga barat.
nyatanya tidak hanya umat kristiani yang masuk islam. dibumi belahan lain, tepatnya di kota rafha, sebelah utara kerajaan arab saudi, dekat 143 orang melaporkan masuk islam. keislaman para muallaf yang terdiri dari bermacam kewarganegaraan itu dimeriahkan dengan suatu acara kehormatan buat mereka. mereka masuk islam sejauh tahun kemudian. dikota rafha seorang diri sejauh sebagian tahun terakhir lebih 500 orang yang melaporkan keislamannya.
laporan gembira pula tiba dari mesir. salah saru akademi besar islam tertua ialah al - azhar asy - syarif tiap harinya menerima puluhan orang yang melaporkan masuk islam dari bermacam kewarganegaraan. mereka telah percaya menjadikan allah bagaikan rabb salah satunya (tuhan sesungguhnya) dan juga islam bagaikan agama dan nabi muhammad saw bagaikan rasulullah.
para penganut islam baru tersebut menegaskan, di dasar naungan islam mereka baru menciptakan agama yang setimpal dengan tuntutan fitrah yang suci dan juga ide sehat. islam - lah sebetulnya agama perdamaian itu.
serupa dikenal, pemimpin vatikan telah menukil ucapan - ucapan pemimpin imperium byzantium yang menyebut nabi muhammad saw bagaikan orang yang tidak tiba ke dunia ini tidak hanya bagaikan orang âjahatâ dan juga tidak manusiawi.
statement yang di informasikan di hadapan jemaâat ini tidak ayal memunculkan ketersinggungan umat islam di seantero dunia. mereka menuntut paus buat memohon maâaf secara terang - terangan saat sebelum mengajak berdialog. sampai saat ini, polemik ini masih terus terjalin di mana si paus berulang menampilkan kesombongannya buat tidak ingin memohon maaf terlebih lagi menuding terdapat pihak yang telah memelintir perkataannya.
perihal ini menggambarkan berulang kalinya berita tentang pendeta dan juga tokoh populer yang melaporkan diri masuk islam.
bagaikan umat islam, kita seluruh senantia memperkokoh iman dan juga ketaqwaan. dan juga senantiasa menyebarkan ajaran islam dimanapun kita berposisi. tiap umat islam sudah mengenali kalau salah satunya cita - cita yakni jadi kalangan yang menemukan syafaat allah swt pada hari akhirat nanti dan dimasukkan ke dalam surga - nya. amin.
KLEINES ABER FEINES GESCHÃFTSLOKAL IN BLINDENMARKT !!! GÃ¼nstiges Betriebsobjekt im Zentrum von Blindenmarkt zu mieten: Das ca. 30mÂ² groÃe Lokal wurde bis vor kurzem noch als FrisÃ¶rgeschÃ¤ft gefÃ¼hrt und kÃ¶nnte selbstverstÃ¤ndlich
GroÃer Vierkanter (Bauernhof) am Dorfrand ! * gr. Bauernhof mit Innenhof, Scheune u. StallgebÃ¤ude * 280 mÂ² WohnflÃ¤che auf zwei Ebenen * Teilung auf mehrere Wohneinheiten mÃ¶glich * StallgebÃ¤ude mit GewÃ¶lbe * Scheune,
Wind is the movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure. In fact, wind exists because the sun unevenly heats the surface of the Earth. As hot air rises, cooler air moves in to fill the void. As long as the sun shines, the wind will blow. And as long as the wind blows, people will harness it to power their lives. Ancient mariners used sails to capture the wind and explore the world. Farmers once used windmills to grind their grains and pump water. Today, more and more people are using wind turbines to wring electricity from the breeze. Over the past decade, wind turbine use has increased at more than 25 percent a year. Still, it only provides a small fraction of the world's energy. Most wind energy comes from turbines that can be as tall as a 20-story building and have three 200-foot-long (60-meter-long) blades. These contraptions look like giant airplane propellers on a stick. The wind spins the blades, which turn a shaft connected to a generator that produces electricity. Other turbines work the same way, but the turbine is on a vertical axis and the blades look like a giant egg beater. Wind farms have tens and sometimes hundreds of these turbines lined up together in particularly windy spots(beach/offshore), like along a ridge. Smaller turbines erected in a backyard can produce enough electricity for a single home or small business. Wind is a clean source of renewable energy that produces no air or water pollution. And since the wind is free, operational costs are nearly zero once a turbine is erected. Mass production and technology advances are making turbines cheaper, and many governments offer tax incentives to spur wind-energy development. Some people think wind turbines are ugly and complain about the noise the machines make. The slowly rotating blades can also kill birds and bats, but not nearly as many as cars, power lines, and high-rise buildings do. The wind is also variable: If it's not blowing, there's no electricity generated. Nevertheless, the wind energy industry is booming. Globally, generation more than quadrupled between 2000 and 2006. At the end of last year, global capacity was more than 70,000 megawatts. In the energy-hungry United States, a single megawatt is enough electricity to power about 250 homes. Germany has the most installed wind energy capacity, followed by Spain, the United States, India, and Denmark. Development is also fast growing in France and China. Industry experts predict that if this pace of growth continues, by 2050 the answer to one third of the world's electricity needs will be found blowing in the wind. the article had mixed from National Geographic
Okay, so maybe I was a little harsh on Honduras when I described them as the nondescript country in the World Cup. It was true, sure, but it was harsh. There are, after all, no small number of European countries with diminutive personalities taking part, and unfortunately, today I have to turn to one that […]
A man is facing blasphemy charges after allegedly burning a copy of the Quran for an online video posted to an anti-Islam group in December 2015.
The prosecution marks the first time in 45 years that Denmark has invoked the law. The last accusations were brought against a radio station that was ultimately acquitted in 1971. The last conviction was in 1946.
God Jul and happy Saint Lucia Day! Warm welcome to today's visiting blog processioners~
Thank you to Heather of Audrey Eclectic (our head Lucia) for inspiring this procession and Scandi-fest! I've never celebrated the pageantry of the day before, but it's a beautiful occasion to shine a light and share interests with others in the dark of winter.
Anderson or Neilson family? Sod roof!
My grandmother's parents, Hans Peter Anderson and Elsie Neilson, both emigrated from Denmark (with the mysterious photograph above) and were married in South Dakota in 1899. She and my grandfather later moved to Alabama, but Grandma Alice kept an adorable Minnesota accent, peppered with UFF DAs. I really don't remember celebrating any old-world traditions with her, but there were always bright tins of Danish butter cookies along with familiar homemade ones. She was proud of her Viking ancestors and I'm enchanted by a land of fierce winters, trolls, goblins and house elves.
My own family's holiday traditions are an American mix of the ones passed down, and also ones we've found, created or traded like recipes. I adore the feel of a Scandinavian Christmas~ simple, natural and homemade (visually and spiritually), golden candlelit wheat and warm red on snowy white. Years ago, I found straw ornaments and julbocken at the gift shop of the Denver Sons of Noway Lodge. That year I gave my parents a julbock three feet tall, haha!
This year I went a little berserker making Danish woven hearts. Traditionally, these are made of paper into little treat baskets. The first one was believed to have made by Hans Christian Andersen, master paper-cutter AND storyteller! Some designs are amazingly intricate, but there are simple patterns all over. It's just two long oval pieces folded in half, parallel lines cut and strips woven~
I made my hearts from felt and strung some on yarn as a garland. They're easy and inexpensive, and would be fun to make with little ones. :)
They're so fun that I also made some in a calico print! Cat and Sam made these beaded ornaments and God's eyes. They (and I) have been such prolific ornament-makers over the years that we needed another tree, so this smaller one is in the kitchen. My main elf hasn't come home from school yet, but I sent her some heart garland (in turquoise, gray and white) for her apartment in Boulder.
These hearts look right at home next to snowflakes crocheted by my Mema, my great-grandmother from the other side of the family. Old ways and new, made with hands and celebrated in the hearts of each generation~
Happy holidays and thank you for stopping by today! Other Saint Lucia processioners, I look forward to reading of your celebrations! SkÃ¥l to all from Colorado~ ~Kristina
Newton wasn't wrong, but his concepts didn't include Relativity nor Quantum Mechanics nor Quantum field theory.
Jeffersonian Deism's clockwork universe with a Supreme Architect was the most reasonable one at the time, but in light of current observations such a stance can no longer be reasonably supported.
Questioning dominant paradigms is actually quite a useful activity. And questioning and sometimes lampooning sacred cows. It's essential.
Enlightenment Values are worth preserving. America is the best example of a country which exemplifies Enlightenment values.
Values not given by any god. But rather given by 13.8+ billion years of evolution by natural selection, and by our history & choices.
The religious right denies the facts of evolution, while living lives which are often in fact 'most true' to it.
The dogmatic de facto religious left claims to believe in evolution, while often living lives which are essentially traitorous to evolution.
"...Although the initial development of moral foundations theory focused on cultural differences, subsequent work with the theory has largely focused on political ideology. Various scholars have offered moral foundations theory as an explanation of differences among political progressives (liberals in the American sense), conservatives, and libertarians, and have suggested that it can explain variation in opinion on politically charged issues such as gay marriage and abortion. In particular, Haidt and fellow researchers have argued that progressives stress only two of the moral foundations (Care and Fairness) in their reasoning, and libertarians stress only two (Liberty and Fairness), while conservatives stress all six more equally." from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_foundations_theory
Religion is a natural phenomenon, a fact which cuts several ways. Yes it's another reason for the mystical claims to be debunked. But it also means that fully natural evolved human moral codes of conduct are often couched within religious contexts.
...a fact also mostly fully lost on all dogmatic leftist atheists who still have a chip on their should regarding being lied to in their former conservative religions.
Being wrong can be a virtue, if we're willing to change our minds upon new evidence.
Was born an atheist.
At age 5 learned there was a sky god. Seemed strange to me, but ok.
At age 9 learned I was a sexual animal. Whodathunkit.
At age 11 learned that the sky god was more than a bit upset at my being a sexual animal. The natural man, and 11 year old kid coming of age, is an enemy to god after all, right?
Between the ages of 19 and 21 I spent 2 years making maps on 3x5 cards, taking pictures of sunsets, and avoiding a proper admission that I was a normal sexual animal.
While at BYU at the age of 23 I started questioning the shaming the sky god likes to do regarding being a normal sexual animal.
While at Weber State I learned about physics and evolution. What I learned filled a hole left by my increasing rejection of the mysticism learned in my youth.
At age 26 I fully rejected the mysticism, and I resigned from the religion of my youth (Mormonism).
Between the ages of 13 and 23 I was a socially (religiously) conservative Democrat, because my father was a somewhat rare Democrat within a sea of Republicans within his religion.
At 26 I became more socially liberal, an ultra-liberal essentially. Drafted an exit journal.
In response to leaving an ultra-conservative religion, I switched to being an ultra-leftist socially.
Participated in a few nudist events, until I realized they were hypocritical.
Fully bought into Bruce Bagemihl's theory that because there's gay animals therefore gayness must be valued as a primary trail which is being selected for - which I now realize is completely & utterly wrong. Homosexuality is an outlier effect of the way sex gets set up in humans & in all animals which exhibit the treat. A side effect which is not being selected for. What's selected for is reproduction & survival, period. The machinery of biological evolution produces outliers. Doesn't meant the outliers have inherent value. Also doesn't mean they should be thrown off buildings, except for outright pedophiles and psychopaths.
Was a fat bastard living in my parent's basement. Developed cataracts. Had cataract surgery. No more thick glasses. Lost 110 pounds. Lived in Portland, Oregon for a year and a half. While in Portland visited a swingers event once. Didn't witness anything explicit & didn't participate. But I saw basically how they operate. And my assessment was that the way they organized themselves was strange & basically abusive.
After leaving Portland I married a socially conservative atheist from rural China with zero connection to the Book of Mormon, Bible, or Quran.
Took in via videos & lectures much of the work of the following people:
Christopher Hitchens Richard Dawskins Daniel Dennett Steven Pinker Ayaan Hirsi Ali
I examined the response of the left, of the Democrat part of my father, of all the stations & people who liked & listened to & would have listened to. As an ex-Mormon, I examined who exactly supported drawing Mohamed. Who supports ex-Muslims? Who supports Muslims leaving Islam? It's not he left. It's not the Democrats. So, I realized I was wrong, about politics.
My socially conservative atheist wife helped me question the socially leftist paradigm I had bought into as an ex-Mormon with a chip on his shoulder about the lies of Mormonism. Daniel Dennett's talks about religion being a natural phenomenon helped also. Plus I had years of experience of engaging in first hand observational de facto studies of what the left has to offer socially. The nhilism of narcissism of gay culture. What being 'childfree' really means: slow motion suicide. That the left is in denial regarding the roots of homosexuality. And when I told an atheist group in Salt Lake that I liked Duck Dynasty, they booted me in a worse way than I ever experienced when leaving Mormonism. A very religious way of booting.
The children of breeders will inherit the Earth. The 'childfree' will not, and neither will the non-breeding gays.
In the past I used to hate Ayn Rand. Now I'm willing to check out some of her ideas, because mostly *only* libertarians support drawing Mohamed nowadays, and a very few lonely leftists who're mostly in denial regarding how the left has left them behind.
Margaret Sanger, the founder of Planned Parenthood, really was a eugenicist. And Christopher Hitchens has rightly pointed out that the unborn do have some rights. The left is wrong about these points also.
While a member of another leftist atheist group, Salt Lake Valley Atheists (now defunct), I observed how they kicked out of their midst a pro-life atheist woman. That experiencing was eye opening for me. Prior to that I thought that atheism equaled skepticism & reason. Now I realize it doesn't, not automatically. Leftist atheism is just another f-ing religion, a cult.
So I'm in recovery from leftistism, politically & socially.
The conservatism I embrace is not that of Glenn Beck, nor of establishment Republicans. I reject religios conservatism which seeks to shame people for masturbation & oral sex & an appreciation of art which falls into the nude and erotic spheres. There is no god who gets upset when gay people meet up. But, from an evolutionary perspective, they'd probably be happier if they lived straight lives.
Heresy, heresy, heresy, for your average leftist atheist who is just so upset with the conservative religions of their youths & etc.
Not throwing out the baby of good evolved highly valuable human values with the bath water of mysticism is a very hard task. Most just assume that 'without god everything is permitted.' But it's not. Not because there's no god, but because we're highly complex evolved moral animals. Evolved moral codes act as counter weights to also evolved proclivities which can lead to destructive dead ends.
Mark Steyn - skepticism regarding the 'hockey stick' concept regarding climate change. Very honest regarding the facts & impacts of Islam.
Ayaan Hirsi Ali - an ex-Muslim truth teller. Colleague of Theo Van Gogh who got killed as noted above. She needs round the clock security, and in America only a conservative think tank would help pay for that security. Leftists consider her to be racist & bigoted - so this is a key reason also why I'm no longer a leftist.
All Enlightenment thinkers, and the Enlightenment-based founders of America.
Roger Stone - a long time truth teller who I've newly found
Dinesh D'Souza - a debate partner with Hitchens. Hitchens told the truth about the Clintons, and Dinesh has a great movie about the issue now. Dinesh may be wrong about whether a god exists, but he's right about the impacts of leftist atheism (very negative nhilistic impacts).
Rush - a valuable truth teller who for too long I discounted & hated. He was right all along. I was wrong for many years.
Sean Hannity - a guy with 20 years of real work experience who hasn't forgotten what it's like to be a regular working Joe. Truth teller.
Milo Yiannopoulos - a brash conservative gay Brit who helped me see the high utilitarian value to a Trump presidency.
Doug Mainwaring - a guy who came to his sanity and returned to be with & support his straight family, AKA his family. My uncle wasn't so lucky, and was a victim of the ultra-right and the ultra-left.
Really the children of breeders will inherit the Earth.
The worst part of religious-based 'conservatism' comes from religions which use fear & shame to teach children & adults to hate the evolved sexual systems in their bodies. But this 'conservatism' doesn't conserve anything. It just tends to churn out destructive ultra-right and ultra-left abusive extremists. The ultra-right religionists who stay in their religions & who continue teaching their children to hate their bodies & the fact that we're sexual animals. And the children who reflexively rebel, turning into non-reproductive outliers & 'childfree' wastrels.
Liberals have a strange alliance with ultra-right religious 'conservatives.' Leftists hate human nature just as much as the ultra-right religionists seems to. The combined human-nature-hating team consists of: Islam people, some Mormons, some Catholics, and leftists who a.) love Islam, and b.) hate the fact that human males are evolved to enjoy good looking women - and who hate 1.2 billion years of evolutionary sexual history just as much as the ultra-right religionists do. Leftists also hate the fact that humans are sexually dimorphic, and they actively ignore that we're not 'blank slates,' as Steven Pinker has commented on.
I'm for good women and men who put family & children first.
I'm proudly voting for Trump. He's my kind of Republican. Not a highly shaming human-nature-hating right-wing religionist, nor a human-nature-hating leftist.
Conserving through truth telling. Conserving through advocacy for family. Conversing through de facto advocacy that the Western Enlightenment continue - which also means conserving and protecting America & traditional American values.
Perhaps where I'm at is a socially moderate / conservative / pragmatic libertarian. But I strongly maintain that pot does rot your brain. And I don't dogmatically follow all libertarian principles. Libertarianism can be a de facto religion too, and I don't wish to join any religions.
I probably aspire to the conservatism Jonathan Haidt mentions, with more equal alliance to Care, Fairness, Liberty, Loyalty, Authority, and Sanctity. The Sanctity of life, not the Sanctity of sacred cows. Loyalty to the Enlightenment and Enlightenment principles. The Authority of the Rule of Law. Care, but not through the Dole because the Dole helps no one mostly. Fairness, but not 'social justice.' Fairness through a fairness of opportunity - but not opportunity at the cost of group rights hierarchies nor identity politics.
Thatâs right, American football. So if youâre one of those â like so many I meet here â whose eyes glaze over in a funk of boredom at the mention of the sport, than you can safely skip this post.
Warsawâs local American football team, the Warsaw Eagles, will be playing their first match six days from today. I know most of my p3ers out there know about this, because as a player/coach on the team, Iâve been crowing about next weekendâs tournament at the past few meetups, and one of our members will hopefully be writing about it in an upcoming local publication.
For me, coaching this team (thatâs been my main role) has been one of the most rewarding expat experiences Iâve had in my near five years here. Iâm the only American on the team. The ONLY one. That includes the head coach, who is British. That gives me an interesting perspective.
Growing up, I had football all around me. Autumn weekends were chock-full of college and pro American football games to watch and listen to on the radio, and my father was there to explain the basics for me. Heck, my mom was too. Players on the University of Michiganâs team or on the Detroit Lions were local heroes. In the States, it is nothing for a group of kids to have a pick-up game in somebodyâs back yard after school â everybody knows how to play because everybody else knows. This is culturally-transferred knowledge.
And so it was easy for me to learn to love American football. I started at age 10.
Itâs much different for the men (from 18-30ish) and kids (14-17) that I play with and coach here in Poland. These guys never had anyone to explain American footballâs rules to them. There is absolutely zero American football culture here â you can hardly find a TV channel that carries the Super Bowl, much less regular season games. Getting involved in soccer is much easier, there are plenty of teams and games to watch, itâs all over, and professional football players are revered.
Still, despite no one around them understanding or even remotely interested in American football â once they find this game, they play.
What this experience has taught me is that there are elements to American football which can not be replaced by participation in any other sport. There is no logical reason for 40 guys to show up on a Sunday morning in an empty soccer field with two feet of snow on it to practice a game unknown to all of their friends and family, with no hope of monetary reward or even being respected for their abilities, except for pure love of the game. American football, for the right kind of man, is intoxicating. These men have drunk, and they know that there is no better taste than that of a tackle or a touchdown.
And that encourages me. What I said earlier about soccer notwithstanding, Poland is relatively dry of participation or interest in sports in general. Sometimes I see a big farm-fed Polish kid walking down the street and want to scream: âThat boyâs a left tackle!â â because he will surely never play soccer, and probably wonât play rugby. But American football gives kids like him the chance to be valuable members of a team. American football has something to offer Poland.
American football will never be as popular here as the European sort â at least in my lifetime. But thatâs ok with me. I see how in countries like Britain and especially Germany, where soccer is kin to religion, American football enjoys a significant following.
And thatâs a situation that could happen here within my lifetime. I think Polish kids are absolutely starving for sports â for an American like me, the lack of emphasis on athletics is shocking and depressing. Maybe so few kids play because kicking a soccer ball just isnât as satisfying as hitting the man across from you. Too many Polish kids these days have pent-up aggression that they take out in the wrong ways. American football can also act as a positive conduit for a young manâs rebelliousness.
So thatâs one way in which this expat has found he can contribute something to this country, which has given him plenty in its own way.
As far as what I said earlier about American football becoming as popular here as it is in Germany, weâve still got a long way to go â but next weekendâs international tournament is a start. If you want to do something a little bit different this weekend, come on out and cheer us on. Warsaw Eagles website
Five years after their debut album Ester, Trailer Trash Tracys are happy to announce Althaea, a new full-length record that marks their return to the spotlight. Along with the announcement, Trailer Trash Tracys have shared song 'Eden Machine', watch the video below. Althaea will be out August 11, 2017 via Domino imprint Double Six.
Over the course of their lush, strange album “Althaea”, London duo Trailer Trash Tracys condense a number of disparate styles into music that thrillingly broaches the void between figuration and abstraction. While undeniably beautiful and quite often infectious in parts, this is certainly not pop music by any traditional definition; rather, it appeals to the more intuitive of mind and wild at heart. More than simply becoming a philosophical exercise however, the result is their most ambitious and idiosyncratic body of work to date, one which operates at the very limits of what pop music can be.
Their debut, “Ester”, released in 2012, manifested the band’s approach to making music as a fine balance between chaos and order, laying out a dense and dreamlike ecosystem of Sufi poetry, Solfeggio scales and, floating above it all, Susanne Aztoria’s otherworldly yet emotionally charged vocals. Early singles such as “Strangling Good Guys” and “You Wish You Were Red” proved to be outliers – rather than simply making lo-fi dream pop, the band were instead aiming for something far more subconscious and esoteric.
With “Althaea”, the band continue their investigations into the farther flung reaches of pop music, with stunning results. Spanning 10 deeply esoteric tracks, “Althaea” sees the band drift further afield from traditional song structures to create a new aural lexicon of their own, one as influenced by Filipino carnival music and Latin rhythms as it was by Japanese tropical music from the 80s. Even at their most outwardly pop – the pristine “Eden Machine” for instance, or the swooning “Kalesa”, there is a baroque splendour, and heightened sensuality. The interplay of light and dark, the foreign and the familiar, brings forth an album with manifold pleasures, one which rewards repeated listening and further exploration.
Watch the video for new single “Eden Machine” below aalongside the trailer for the short film of Althaea - as premiered last week at the Whirled Cinema in Brixton.
01 Smoked Silver 02 Eden Machine 03 Gong Gardens 04 Siebenkäs 05 Money For Moondogs 06 Betty's Cavatina 07 Casadora 08 Singdrome 09 Kalesa 10 100 Aspects Of The Moon
Althaea is available to pre-order now on limited heavyweight green vinyl, CD, and digital download.
The Kills – Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince – will release the Echo Home – Non-Electric EPdigitally on June 2nd, with a limited edition 10” vinyl release available for pre-order today.
Both the physical and digital versions of the Echo Home – Non-Electric EP will feature audio from a stripped down session the band captured recently at Electric Lady Studios in New York. Alongside “Echo Home”, the EP features Ash & Ice track “That Love”, a cover of Rihanna’s “Desperado” (which the band originally played as part of a Sirius XMU session), and the song “Wait”, off the band’s first ever release, Black Rooster EP, which celebrates it’s 15 year anniversary on May 28th.
The Black Rooster EP was originally released on Dim Mak in 2002 and was the start of what’s been an incredible career for Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince of The Kills.
With five full-length albums (the most recent being 2016’s Ash & Ice), four EPs, a documentary, and countless live shows under their belt, the passion and fire they continue to bring to every recording and performance is extraordinary.
In their 15th year as a band, The Kills have been looking back and celebrating with a string of anniversary shows and retrospective features, and now this re-recording of “Wait”, one of the first Kills songs ever released. Steve Aoki, owner of Dim Mak and another artist who has proven a career with similar staying power, recently had some words to share on the release of Black Rooster:
"Many moons ago, back in 2002, I had to make a decision whether to pursue a Ph.D. Program or continue with my label Dim Mak & after hearing a demo from The Kills and becoming the first American label to release their EP Black Rooster, I knew what path I was going to choose. They took me under their wing and I hit the road with them as their tour manager, merch guy, driver (we all took turns) and label. I’ll never forget that and love Jamie and Alison forever. Thank you for believing in lil me when not many people gave two shits about Dim Mak and what we were doing. Ride or Die.” – STEVE AOKI
05/27 Liverpool, UK - Liverpool Sound City 05/28 Margate, UK - Margate Wonderland 05/30 London, UK - Shepherds Bush Empire 06/02 Saint-Brieuc, France - Art Rock Festival 06/03 Saint-Laurent-De-Cuves, France - Papillons De Nuit Festival 06/06 Prague, Czech Republic - Roxy 06/07 Liepzig, Germany - Taubchenthal 06/09 Copenhagen, Denmark - Vega 06/10 Aarhus, Denmark - Northside Festival 06/13 Munich, Germany - Olympic Stadium * 06/16 London, UK - London Stadium * 06/17 London, UK - London Stadium * 06/24 Athens, Greece - Ejekt Festival 06/19 Helsinki, Finland - Rock The Beach # 06/21 Riga, Latvia - Lucavsala Island # 06/29 Gydnia, Poland - Open’er 07/02 Werchter, Belgium - Rock Werchter 07/07 Lisbon, Portugal - Nos Alive 07/10 Montreaux, Switzerland - Montreaux Jazz Festival 07/12 Dour, Belgium - Dour Festival 07/16 Berlin, Germany - Melt Festival 08/12 Bucharest, Romania - Summer Well Festival 08/15 Budapest, Hungary - Sziget Festival 08/17 Gampel, Switzerland - Open Air Gampel 08/19 Zagreb, Croatia - Tvornica Kulture 08/25 Charleville Mezières, France - Cabaret Vert 08/26 Paris, France - Rock En Seine 09/19 Porto Alegre, Brazil - Anfiteatro Parque (Outdoor) % 09/21 Rio, Brazil - Rock In Rio 09/23 Sao Paulo, Brazil - Allianz Parque %
* = with Guns ‘N’ Roses # = with Foo Fighters % = with Bon Jovi
Real Estate have shared an immersive new music video for “Stained Glass” – the second video to be released from their latest album In Mind out now. Directed by Craig Allen, the interactive experience allows fans to color and share their own animated kaleidoscope-like video, creating something unique and experimental. Watch the band’s own color creation below and create your own here: stainedglassvideo.com
In addition to the video release, Real Estate has announced a headlining tour this fall. The band’s expansive tour this spring resulted in their biggest shows to date, including sold out stops at D.C.’s 9:30 Club, The Vic Theatre in Chicago, a 2-night stand at NYC’s Brooklyn Steel + more. The fall tour will feature performances at iconic venues such as The Theatre at The Ace Hotel in Los Angeles and First Avenue in Minneapolis. Presale begins on Monday, May 22 with code “STAINEDGLASS”, with tickets officially on sale May 25. See full tour dates below.
Allen says of the video: “We were collectively excited by making a video that the band could create with their fans rather than for them. I've always been excited to find new ways of making content and this video is a fun—dare I say therapeutic—thing to play with, where you actually get to feel like you accomplish something at the end. That's what is exciting to all of us and we're extremely proud of what we've been able to create with the help of the fabulous MediaMonks team.”
A limited edition 7” for “Stained Glass” backed with an exclusive track, the instrumental "Two Part, Part Two”, is also available to purchase now from Real Estate’s store. Much like its video counterpart, each 7” is a one of kind mix of colors.
The band recently performed another In Mind's first single “Darling” on Conan, which has earned widespread praise from Rolling Stone, Pitchfork, the NY Times, SPIN, Vice, Salon + more. Watch the performance and revisit the orignial music video, directed by Weird Days, below.
Real Estate 2017 Tour Dates:
Jun 13 – Roundhouse – London, UK # Jun 14 – Le Café De La Danse – Paris, France # Jun 15 – Orangerie – Brussels, Belgium # Jun 16 – Best Kept Secret Festival – Hilvarenbeek, Netherlands Jun 18 – Lido – Berlin, Germany # Jun 19 – Molotow – Hamburg, Germany # Jun 20 – Pumpehuset – Copenhagen West, Denmark # Jun 21 – Debaser Strand – Stockholm, Sweden # Jun 23 – Piknik I Parken – Oslo, Norway # Jun 27 – Cambridge Junction – Cambridge, UK # Jun 28 – O2 Ritz – Manchester, UK # Jun 30 –Vida Festival – Barcelona, Spain Jul 14 – Forecastle Festival – Louisville, KY Jul 15-16 – Cobblestone Live – Buffalo, NY Jul 21 – Splendour in the Grass - Byron Bay NSW, Australia Jul 22 – The Croxton Bandroom – Thornbury, Australia Jul 25 – The Edinburgh Castle Hotel – Adelaide, Australia Jul 27 – The Metro Theatre – Sydney, Australia Jul 30 – Fuji Rock Festival – Yuzawa, Japan Aug 11-13 – Outside Lands – San Francisco, CA Aug 12-13 – Traveler’s Rest Festival – Missoula MT Aug 25-26 – Huichica East Festival – Pine Plains, NY Aug 31-Sept 3 – End of the Road Festival – North Dorset District, UK Sept 1-3 – Electric Picnic Festival – Kilmacthomas, Ireland Sept 1-2 – Electric Fields Festival – Dumfries, UK Oct 19 – SoHO Music Club – Santa Barbara, CA* Oct 20 – Theatre at Ace Hotel – Los Angeles, CA* Oct 22 – Lost Lake Festival – Phoenix, AZ Oct 23 – Observatory – Santa Ana, CA* Oct 24 – Music Box – San Diego, CA* Oct 26 – Loma Vista Gardens – Big Sur, CA* Oct 28 – Jub Jub’s – Reno, NV* Oct 30 – Fox Theater – Boulder, CO* Nov 1 – The Slowdown – Omaha, NE* Nov 2 – Castle Theater – Bloomington, IL* Nov 3 – First Avenue – Minneapolis, MN* Nov 4 – Englert Theater – Iowa City, IA* Nov 5 – Turner Hall Ballroom – Milwaukee, WI*
Global Finance magazine has an interview with a technocrat featured as "the new guard" Pascal Saint-Amans (@PSaintAmans), an OECD veteran named director of its Centre for Tax Policy and Administration in February 2012, who is overseeing the guidelines review.
It is very revealing that Saint-Amans told Global Finance in an interview: âProfits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog,â which basically means that Panama will never cease to be in black or grey lists (or that Panama has 3 million people and 1.5 million dogs).
Multinational corporations could have a much more difficult time shifting profits to low-tax jurisdictionsâand deductions to high-tax onesâunder new OECD rules.
When Apple CEO Tim Cook testified in defense of the computer giantâs tax practices on Capitol Hill in late May, Cook was speaking for many multinational corporate executives when he insisted that Apple paid every bit of tax the company owed to the US and other countries. But that, according to critics, is precisely the problem. The current international tax system, based on a practice known as transfer pricing, lets multinationals shift income from parent companies or their subsidiaries located in high-tax jurisdictions, such as the US, to those in low-tax regimes, and do the opposite with deductions. As a result, critics say, companies artificially minimize their liabilities or even avoid them entirely, and do so legally, thanks to the widely accepted current basis for transfer pricing.
With a great deal of scrutiny coming to bear on corporate tax practices worldwide, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is looking at ways to revamp its guidelines on international tax practices. Until there is clarity on how this review will evolve, however, corporations are wondering, and worrying over, what it will ultimately mean. An OECD report in February to the G20 countries noted: âThere is increased segregation between the location where actual business activities take place and the location where profits are reported for tax purposes.â
And though the cost to governments, many of whom are facing sovereign debt woes because of gaping fiscal deficits, may be impossible to gauge precisely, some estimates put it in the trillions of dollars. âIf we could estimate it, we could tax it,â says David Spencer, an international tax attorney based in New York, who describes the problem as âmonumental.â
The scope of the tax shortfall is evident in a 2008 World Trade Organization estimate that only 40% of world trade occurs between independent companies. The rest is conducted intracompanyâand taxing of that income falls under the current murky transfer pricing rules. That proportion has probably decreased since then, as the global economic downturn has seen industries consolidate further. To help close this gap in lost tax revenues, the OECD has revisited the guidelines it established in 1995, and revamped in 2010, as the basis of transfer pricing practices in most of the world. An action plan that the OECD presented to the G20 in late July detailed 15 steps it expects to take over the next year to two and a half years to deal with transfer pricing and related issues.
The OECD is acting after being accused of dragging its feet. âThe current system is not workable,â says H. David Rosenbloom, a professor and director of the International Tax Program at New York Universityâand former Treasury official.
OECDâS NEW GUARD
The evolving perspective at the OECD is owing in part to changes within the organizationâs structure. Some critics say that much of the tax staff of the OECD until recently was âcapturedâ by private industry, with members moving between positions in the organization and private industry as if through a revolving door. But it may have as much to do with the shifting power of member countries. Countries such as Brazil, China and India have rejected the OECDâs guidelines in favor of their own, more draconian regulations, bringing pressure to bear on the organization to enact change.
Saint-Amans, OECD: Profits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog
Regardless of the reason behind it, the OECD has had âa very serious change of heartâ about the current system, observes Spencer. âThere is a new guard that realizes itâs up against the wall.â
The new guard includes Pascal Saint-Amans, an OECD veteran named director of its Centre for Tax Policy and Administration in February 2012, who is overseeing the guidelines review. As Saint-Amans told Global Finance in an interview: âProfits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog.â
In fact, a growing number of countries arenât waiting for the OECD to act. France recently slapped Amazon and Google with tax bills of â¬700 million ($930 million) and â¬1.7 billion, respectively, for reassessed liabilities based on their transfer pricing practices, while Denmark hit Microsoft with a â¬778 million reassessment. India is seeking $2.5 billion from Vodafone in a long-running dispute over that companyâs 2007 acquisition of telecom assets from another company based in the Cayman Islands and Mauritius. All of those companies declined to comment, as did Apple and several other multinationals contacted for this article. For such companies, uncertainty over tax liabilities are increasingly a key concern. If the OECD fails to come up with a more effective system, companies may find that âindividual countries do their own thing,â Robert Stack, deputy US Treasury secretary and the departmentâs international tax counsel, warned at the tax conference in New York.
The question is what type of change the OECD can get most if not all countries to accept, since it operates by consensus. Even if its action plan is accepted by the G20, as is expected at a meeting this month, and the OECD finalizes its proposal within the envisioned time frame, global governments and legislatures would then have to pass laws to embrace them. During that interval, corporations are sure to lobby against many of the changesâand dissenting countries, to push for even stronger ones.
The OECDâs current transfer pricing guidelines are used widely in tax treaties based on the so-called âarmâs-lengthâ principle, under which companies are supposed to price intracompany transactions as if they were conducted between independent companies. That is supposed to result in appropriate taxation by each jurisdiction.
But critics say such pricing can understate income, because independent companies naturally enjoy smaller profits on transactions than those between parents and their subsidiaries, thanks to economies of scope and scale. And so-called âcomparablesââbased, for example, on royalty agreements within industriesâthat companies currently rely on to price cost-sharing agreements and other transactions between parents and subsidiaries may be even more misleading in the case of difficult-to-value intangible assets. Yet those assets are increasingly the basis of such transactions.
As a result, some critics go so far as to label the armâs-length principle a tax-avoidance device designed to help companies move income to tax havens, where subsidiaries that do little or nothing can claim income. These critics want to see the OECD move toward what is called âformulary apportionment,â where profits are allocated among jurisdictions based on a formula that takes into account returns on assets or some other measure of profit.
But it falls far short in the eyes of some. âYou canât stop income shifting to tax havens without unitary taxation based on formulary apportionment,â says Michael McIntyre, a law professor at Wayne State University.
Some supporters of the formulary approach nonetheless say unitary taxation is unfeasible. And defenders of the current system warn that the formulary approach, at least without agreement on the formula to be used, would result in taxation of the same income in more than one jurisdiction, an outcome known as double taxation, which is now avoided by tax treaties that embrace the armâs-length principle. Says Patrick Evans, chief tax counsel of the Washington, DCâbased industry group Tax Executives Institute: âOur members are extremely concerned about the double taxation issue, and if thereâs no agreement on the formula, then double taxation is likely.â
Saint-Amans says he doesnât care whether the OECD ultimately keeps the armâs-length principle in place or jettisons it in favor of the formulary approach, as he sees problems with both. âI am agnostic,â he points out. But the OECDâs action plan continues to favor the armâs-length principle. Saint-Amans adds that it would be difficult, if not impossible, to get countries to agree on what formula to use for the formulary approach. Quips Saint-Amans: âI donât have a century to work on that.â
For a microcosmic view of the problem, consider the US. It has such a system in place for state and local taxes, but at last count the 50 states were using some 20 different formulas to apportion profits. And China and India are unlikely to accept any formula that doesnât include a premium for the advantage that their cheap labor provides companies based elsewhere.
Instead, the OECD action plan calls for better enforcement of the arms-length principle, a position that the US supports but that Brazil, China and India, as well as many other countries, do not. They want more stringent rules.
The Treasuryâs Stack told the April tax conference that the US doesnât like the formulary approach, and that its own efforts to improve enforcement of the arms-length principle would be helped immensely if Congress simply repealed what are known as âcheck the boxâ rules for subsidiaries called âcontrolled foreign companies,â under which their parents can simply instruct the IRS to ignore them for tax purposes, so tax on their income is indefinitely deferred. Still, Stack acknowledged that âwe are aloneâ among individual countries supporting the armâs-length principle.
Although the OECD action plan backs the principle, many observers expect mandatory information sharing to strengthen the hand of authorities now in the dark about what companies are doing to shift profits to low-tax jurisdictions and deductions to high-tax ones. Saint-Amans says heâs more concerned with âdouble nontaxation,â where income is taxed nowhere, than with double taxation, though he warns that if countries donât accept the OECDâs new guidelines, companies will doubtless face more double taxation.
CURTAILING TAX AVOIDANCE
The action plan also contains concrete measures aimed at what it calls tax âavoidance.â One of the most significant would curtail deductions on intracompany loans that are more like equity investments than debt, which bank holding companies use widely. Another would close the loopholes concerning tax residency that many technology companies have exploited to great effect. (See sidebar for a look at how Apple has done so.)
Regardless of what exactly the OECD eventually does, many experts contend that companies will find it difficult to continue using their most aggressive tax practices because of the backlash they now produce. Marc Sanders, a partner in the Amsterdam-based consulting firm VMW Taxand, told the April tax conference in New York that more and more companies have concluded that such practices now pose too much tax and reputational risk. As Sanders put it, âMere letterbox or conduit companies donât cut it anymore.â
HOW AN IRISH SUBSIDIARY PRODUCES STATELESS INCOME FOR APPLE
The case study on Apple that the US Senateâs Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations outlined in hearings in May offers a perfect example of what tax experts call âdouble nontaxation.â
Neither the company nor its Irish subsidiary Apple Operations International paid any tax anywhere on $29.9 billion that AOI earned from 2009 to 2012, owing to the difference in the way the US and Ireland define residency for tax purposes.
How so? Although AOI, which has no employees but is the holding company for most of Appleâs foreign entities, is incorporated in Ireland, it is not tax-resident in Ireland. Thatâs because AOI is neither managed nor controlled there, which is how Ireland defines tax residency, but rather in the US. And because AOI was not incorporated in the US, which is how the US defines residency, AOI is not a US tax resident under US tax law. The result of that double nontaxation is almost $30 billion in âstateless income,â to use yet another term of international tax art.
APPROACHES TO INTRACOMPANY INCOME TAXATION
There are two basic approaches to taxing income shifted by multinational corporations to, from and between subsidiaries in different jurisdictions, as follows:
1) The arms-length principle. Under this approach, which is used by most countries in the developed world under guidelines established by the OECD, companies must price these transactions as if they were conducted between independent companies (in effect, using the âmarket priceâ for the transaction).
Supporters say the arms-length principle for âtransfer pricingâ is the fairest means of taxing income generated by multinationals. Critics say companies take advantage of the leeway provided by this approach to shift more income to low-tax jurisdictions and more deductions to high-tax ones than they should so as to minimize or avoid tax.
2) Formulary apportionment. Under this approach, which the OECD is being urged by many emerging countries as well as nongovernmental organizations to adopt, companies would pay tax on such cross-border transactions based on a formula for apportioning profits among the jurisdictions in which they operate.
Critics say such a system would result in income being taxed by more than one jurisdiction unless countries can agree on a formula, and they contend such agreements would be difficult if not impossible to achieve. Supporters say its no more necessary for countries to agree on a formula for apportioning profits according to where they are earned than it is for them to apply the same tax rates, so long as they can resolve their difference through tax treaties, as they do now.
Some supporters say such a system should also require that companies report to each country what they earn elsewhere. When such reporting is combined with formulary apportionment, the resulting approach is known as âunitary taxation.â
Full text in https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/september-2013/cover-story-the-global-war-on-tax-havens
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Teknologi Informasi dan Telekomunikasi (Information and Communication Technology/ICT) merupakan tulang punggung aplikasi Web 2.0. Perkembangan Teknologi Informasi dan Komunikasi yang fenomenal dan menjadi awal munculnya aplikasi web adalah Internet. Internet yang berawal dari riset untuk pertahanan dan keamanan serta pendidikan berkembang menjadi perangkat pendukung bisnis yang sangat berpengaruh. Dalam kaitan dengan aplikasi Web 2.0 ini, terdapat beberapa peristiwa penting dalam sejarah internet.
Berawal pada tahun 1957, melalui Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), Amerika Serikat bertekad mengembangkan jaringan komunikasi terintegrasi yang saling menghubungkan komunitas sains dan keperluan militer. Hal ini dilatarbelakangi oleh terjadinya perang dingin antara Amerika Serikat dengan Uni Soviet (tahun 1957 Soviet meluncurkan sputnik). Perkembangan besar Internet pertama adalah penemuan terpenting ARPA yaitu packet switching pada tahun 1960. Packet switching adalah pengiriman pesan yang dapat dipecah dalam paket-paket kecil yang masing-masing paketnya dapat melalui berbagai alternatif jalur jika salahsatu jalur rusak untuk mencapai tujuan yang telah ditentukan. Packet switching juga memungkinkan jaringan dapat digunakan secara bersamaan untuk melakukan banyak koneksi, berbeda dengan jalur telepon yang memerlukan jalur khusus untuk melakukan koneksi. Maka ketika ARPANET menjadi jaringan komputer nasional di Amerika Serikat pada 1969, packet switching digunakan secara menyeluruh sebagai metode komunikasinya menggantikan circuit switching yang digunakan pada sambungan telepon publik. Perkembangan besar Internet kedua yang dicatat pada sejarah internet adalah pengembangan lapisan protokol jaringan yang terkenal karena paling banyak digunakan sekarang yaitu TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/ Internet Protocol). Protokol adalah suatu kumpulan aturan untuk berhubungan antarjaringan. Protokol ini dikembangkan oleh Robert Kahn dan Vinton Cerf pada tahun 1974. Dengan protokol yang standar dan disepakati secara luas, maka jaringan lokal yang tersebar di berbagai tempat dapat saling terhubung membentuk jaringan raksasa bahkan sekarang ini menjangkau seluruh dunia. Jaringan dengan menggunakan protokol internet inilah yang sering disebut sebagai jaringan internet. Jaringan ARPANET menjadi semakin besar sejak saat itu dan mulai dikelola oleh pihak swasta pada tahun 1984, maka semakin banyak universitas tergabung dan mulailah perusahaan komersial masuk. Protokol TCP/IP menjadi protokol umum yang disepakati sehingga dapat saling berkomunikasi pada jaringan internet ini. Perkembangan besar Internet ketiga adalah terbangunnya aplikasi World Wide Web pada tahun 1990 oleh Tim Berners-Lee. Aplikasi World Wide Web (WWW) ini menjadi konten yang dinanti semua pengguna internet. WWW membuat semua pengguna dapat saling berbagi bermacam-macam aplikasi dan konten, serta saling mengaitkan materi-materi yang tersebar di internet. Sejak saat itu pertumbuhan pengguna internet meroket.
Sejarah Internet dan Perkembangan Internet
Sejarah dari adanya intenet dimulai pada tahun 1969 ketika itu Departemen Pertahanan Amerika, U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency(DARPA) memutuskan untuk mengadakan riset tentang bagaimana cara menghubungkan sejumlah komputer sehingga membentuk jaringan organik. Program riset ini dikenal dengan nama ARPANET. Pada 1970, sudah lebih dari 10 komputer yang berhasil dihubungkan satu sama lain sehingga mereka bisa saling berkomunikasi dan membentuk sebuah jaringan.
Tahun 1972, Roy Tomlinson berhasil menyempurnakan program e-mail yang ia ciptakan setahun yang lalu untuk ARPANET. Program e-mail ini begitu mudah sehingga langsung menjadi populer. Pada tahun yang sama, icon @juga diperkenalkan sebagai lambang penting yang menunjukkan âatâ atau âpadaâ. Tahun 1973, jaringan komputer ARPANET mulai dikembangkan ke luar Amerika Serikat. Komputer University College di London merupakan komputer pertama yang ada di luar Amerika yang menjadi anggota jaringan Arpanet. Pada tahun yang sama, dua orang ahli komputer yakni Vinton Cerf dan Bob Kahn mempresentasikan sebuah gagasan yang lebih besar, yang menjadi cikal bakal pemikiran internet. Ide ini dipresentasikan untuk pertama kalinya di Universitas Sussex. Hari bersejarah berikutnya adalah tanggal 26 Maret 1976, ketika Ratu Inggris berhasil mengirimkan e-mail dari Royal Signals and Radar Establishment di Malvern. Setahun kemudian, sudah lebih dari 100 komputer yang bergabung di ARPANET membentuk sebuah jaringan atau network. Pada 1979, Tom Truscott, Jim Ellis dan Steve Bellovin, menciptakan newsgroups pertama yang diberi nama USENET. Tahun 1981 France Telecom menciptakan gebrakan dengan meluncurkan telpon televisi pertama, dimana orang bisa saling menelpon sambil berhubungan dengan video link. Karena komputer yang membentuk jaringan semakin hari semakin banyak, maka dibutuhkan sebuah protokol resmi yang diakui oleh semua jaringan. Pada tahun 1982 dibentuk Transmission Control Protocol atau TCP dan Internet Protokol atau IP yang kita kenal semua. Sementara itu di Eropa muncul jaringan komputer tandingan yang dikenal dengan Eunet, yang menyediakan jasa jaringan komputer di negara-negara Belanda, Inggris, Denmark dan Swedia. Jaringan Eunet menyediakan jasa e-mail dan newsgroup USENET. Untuk menyeragamkan alamat di jaringan komputer yang ada, maka pada tahun 1984 diperkenalkan sistem nama domain, yang kini kita kenal dengan DNS atau Domain Name System. Komputer yang tersambung dengan jaringan yang ada sudah melebihi 1000 komputer lebih. Pada 1987 jumlah komputer yang tersambung ke jaringan melonjak 10 kali lipat manjadi 10.000 lebih. Tahun 1988, Jarko Oikarinen dari Finland menemukan dan sekaligus memperkenalkan IRC atau Internet Relay Chat. Setahun kemudian, jumlah komputer yang saling berhubungan kembali melonjak 10 kali lipat dalam setahun. Tak kurang dari 100.000 komputer kini membentuk sebuah jaringan. Tahun 1990 adalah tahun yang paling bersejarah, ketika Tim Berners Lee menemukan program editor dan browser yang bisa menjelajah antara satu komputer dengan komputer yang lainnya, yang membentuk jaringan itu. Program inilah yang disebut www, atau Worl Wide Web. Tahun 1992, komputer yang saling tersambung membentuk jaringan sudah melampaui sejuta komputer, dan di tahun yang sama muncul istilah surfing the internet. Tahun 1994, situs internet telah tumbuh menjadi 3000 alamat halaman, dan untuk pertama kalinya virtual-shopping atau e-retail muncul di internet. Dunia langsung berubah. Di tahun yang sama Yahoo! didirikan, yang juga sekaligus kelahiran Netscape Navigator 1.0.
Apa itu Internet? Mari coba kita jabarkan Pengertian dari Internet.
Internet merupakan jaringan global komputer dunia, besar dan sangat luas sekali dimana setiap komputer saling terhubung satu sama lainnya dari negara ke negara lainnya di seluruh dunia dan berisi berbagai macam informasi, mulai dari text, gambar, audio, video, dan lainnya.
Internet itu sendiri berasal dari kata Interconnection Networking, yang berarti hubungan dari banyak jaringan komputer dengan berbagai tipe dan jenis, dengan menggunakan tipe komunikasi seperti telepon, salelit, dan lainnya. Dalam mengatur integrasi dan komunikasi jaringan komputer ini menggunakan protokol yaitu TCP/IP. TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) bertugas untuk memastikan bahwa semua hubungan bekerja dengan benar, sedangkan IP (Internet Protocol) yang mentransmisikan data dari satu komputer ke komputer lain. TPC/IP secara umum berfungsi memilih rute terbaik transmisi data, memilih rute alternatif jika suatu rute tidak dapat di gunakan, mengatur dan mengirimkan paket-paket pengiriman data. Untuk dapat ikut serta menggunakan fasilitas Internet, Anda harus berlangganan ke salah satu ISP (Internet Service Provider) yang ada dan melayani daerah Anda. ISP ini biasanya disebut penyelenggara jasa internet. Anda bisa menggunakan fasilitas dari Telkom seperti Telkomnet Instan, speedy dan juga layanan ISP lain seperti first media, netzip dan sebagainya. Internet memberikan banyak sekali manfaat, ada yang bisa memberikan manfaat baik dan buruk. Baik bila digunakan untuk pembelajaran informasi dan buruk bila digunakan untuk hal yang berbau pornografi, informasi kekerasan, dan lain-lainnya yang negatif. Internet ini memungkinkan pengguna komputer di seluruh dunia untuk saling berkomunikasi dan berbagi informasi dengan cara saling mengirimkan email, menghubungkan komputer satu ke ke komputer yang lain, mengirim dan menerima file dalam bentuk text, audio, video, membahas topik tertentu pada newsgroup, website social networking dan lain-lain.
Dalam penerapannya yang lebih luas kita dapat melihat kepada hubungan jaringan global. Disini maka semua aspek dari kegiatan yang diuraikan terdahulu dapat terlihat secara makro dan global. Jejaring global seperti Internet misalnya dapat memberikan manfaat berikut :
Akses berbagai data dari penyedia informasi yang tersebar diberbagai lokasi. Disini informasi termasuk kategori data karena perlu diolah lagi bagi kepentingan organisasi. Penyedia informasi cukup banyak dan bervariasi menurut orientasi kepentingan. Mulai toko elektronis, sumber pengetahuan dan teknologi, berita aktual, masalah budaya, dll.nya sampai pada hiburan dan pornografi. Sebagai data, nilai gunanya sangat tergantung kepada pemakai masing-masing. Kecuali internet ada Compuserve, Prodigy, America On-Line, dll.nya, semuanya juga dapat diakses melalui internet. Individual secara bebas dapat pula berlangganan kejaringan global dan mengakses setiap saat data dari jaringan ini.
Sarana internet dipakai sebagai media untuk meme-nuhi kepentingan organisasi. Dalam hal ini dapat dibagi lagi kedalam :
Pemanfaatan internet sebagai media komuni-kasi untuk hubungan in-tra organisasi yang ter-pencar-pencar lokasinya secara geografis. Dapat juga antar organisasi yang berbeda untuk re-lasi bisnis atau lainnya. Disini nilai informasi menonjol dan semua
kiat perkembangan era-1 sampai dengan era-5 berlaku. Server induknya yang disebut World Wide Web adalah tempat pool data yang menerima dan melayani proses hubungan ini.
Pemanfaatan internet sebagai penyampai informasi. Organisasi bertindak sebagai penyedia in-formasi. Profil organisasi atau kepentingan lain dapat disebarkan kepihak luar dengan peman-faatan jejaring internet. Homepage ada-lah istilah yang dipakai untuk kepentingan ini. Gambar 7 menggelarkan hubungan antar perusahaan, sedangkan gambar8 memperlihatkan hubungan jejaring internasional yang
demikian banyak dan majemuk menghubungkan berbagai kantor dan kota didunia untuk memenuhi kepentingan berbagai pihak. Dunia sudah terjalakan dalam hubungan jejaring yang majemuk.
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Grapefruit juice is a different type of citrus fruit whose juice is invaluable. Grapefruit has long advocated the benefits of weight loss, and fruit juice is known, it is easy to consume this fruit more often. Grapefruit, as it is very difficult, perhaps more palatable if other citrus juices like orange juice added. Juice of one side is easy to get this mix, the right combination you want. Do not eat grapefruit with a spoon and tried to add empty calories of white sugar, so it will be less bitter if you're just a mixture of lemon juice, not only the grapefruit, orange, and just as good as the hands, cover type Chew also be able to round fruits and vegetables such as peppers, carrots, lettuce, spinach, cauliflower, add ... Health promotion for you if you chew a hand centrifuge.
They are not recommended for people who have problems with pain in the wrist joint, or a centrifuge, so that the way a printed manual juicer is best known for people with these problems. The juicer is a juicer, the press and rotate the fruit against the half-back, pleated cone forces. However, a centrifuge, to retire, or you can press the handles together, and as everyone knows, the left stick to a lot of hard work to work, then a lot of energy to cook foods such as juices citrus fruits, or just a relaxing drink on a hot sunny day and enjoy the scent of summer is spread through the kitchen window! If this sounds trivial, but it looks like a grapefruit or orange or lemon - there's something very refreshing citrus aroma - perhaps the main reason for using a hand centrifuge in the kitchen for your needs.
Why are there seemingly so many people in the world so measurelessly broken with fright and weeping anguish over a mere â¬4.252 billion and â¬4.913 billion euros of bonds that have to be purchased, by the Republic of Portugal in April, and then in June, respectively? It seems so strange that there is so much attention paid to that particular country. Perhaps the just resigned Prime Minister of Portugal, Jose Socrates was correct in saying that much of the high bond yield demands on the markets find their origin in the journalistic obsession occurring at this particular point in history. Sadly, it is only too clear, that the people typically granted the authority to write and be widely read internationally on the subject of the Portuguese nation know very little about it, and I should know as I am a Portuguese person, yet living in Canada, who has spent over a year there spread over the entirety of my 30 or so years of age. I always feel like a child who is learning to walk, when I go there, simple and goofy. I am still wise enough to know, yet, that it is indeed a great society. Maybe there are too many people involved in the media universe who do not like working too hard at penetrating into new realms of truth. Or perhaps, those who purchase against the country, or by other means, work against it's finances, with the intent to gain more money from it, should feel moreso that they are simple. And is it possible that the Portuguese trouble many an unsophisticated mind because they are a particular kind of society that others who do not understand quite alot, fear? Here are a few random, important statistics on Portuguese finances: It recorded the highest bank deposit month in dollars for the month of January, 2011 since records began in October, 1989. It has the highest improval of performance in the OECD and its partners (70 countries total) for the top 15 year old students in mathematics between 2003 and 2009,and the #4 most improved of all overall students, and as ranked of all overall students, is just below Austria and the US, and before Spain and Italy. For science performance, it is the 3rd most improved from between 2006 to 2009 and overall is ahead of Denmark, Belgium, France, and Austria. For reading performance, the 15 year old students are the 8th most improved from the years between 2000 to 2009 of the 70 countries tested, and overall, just below the US and ahead of Belgium, UK, Germany and many others. Productivity improvements are likewise, remarkable: R&D spending between 2001-2008 went from 0.80-1.51% of GDP,the percentage of full-time researchers went from 3.5-5.5 per 1000 employed, and tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age went from 27.6%-42.6%, in the same time period. Note: This financial data is sourced from the The OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) ; PISA 2009 results and the OECD country statistical profile: Portugal 2010 report. The low growth in the GDP has been sustained for about ten years now, and it wouldn't seem to not be as such now, it simply does not make much sense. Why does not the EU government simply go ahead and purchase outrightly the â¬4.252 billion and â¬4.913 billion for the April and June bonds at issue, and if that's too reasonable, maybe they could buy them, and have Portugal pay them back at the average rate of all the European Union national bonds issued at this time, the payment to be due for the end of the same time period that the bonds of the Portuguese Republic were originally issued to expire for: it would do Europe a lot of good,and would save alot of resource, never mind mention also for those outside of Europe. This all seems like an enormous waste of time and a massive drain on productivity and hencewith, development, like one flagellating themselves in the hope of being heard by some little god that they don't know anything about.
92 pages, Graphic Album, Perfect Bound, Full Colour.
Retail price Â£14.99/$19.99
Sacrificeâ¦ Madnessâ¦ Deathâ¦ Betrayal
August 10, 991AD, and a fleet of Viking longships containing 3000 men sail up the River Pant in Essex to the fortified town of Maldon. Led by the king of Denmark the Norsemen aim to ransack the town and kill as many inhabitants as they can.
Brithnoth, an old soldier and one of the most powerful men in England, assembles a small army and prepares to stand defiant against the coming onslaught.
Defiant: The Legend Of Brithnoth is a hard-hitting historical adventure based on true events that continue to cause furious debate more than a thousand years later!
Those who know me will tell you few things make me happier in life than good bread slathered with indecent amounts of butter. When time permits the ritual of baking and breaking of bread is one of this cook's favourite pastimes, but more often than not I'm racing around like a whirling dervish and the bread baking goes by the wayside.
So it was with some breadgeek joy that I chanced upon Peter's Yard wholemeal crispbread this time last year. Served with smoked salmon as a canape at a Scandinavian dinner hosted by "Denmark's Delia" Trina Hahnemann at the emporium of pong La Fromagerie, I may or may not have snaffled more than my fair share of these canapes.
Why the excitement at finding a new crispbread? To a Scandinavian wholemeal crispbread is practically a birthright, we love it so much it's rare a storecupboard is without a packet of Wasa rye or sesame. Suffice to say I was mildly horrified when I first bought Ryvita as a university student back in the pre-Peter's Yard 1990s. Just a glance at the oesophagus-busting Ryvita in supermarkets still makes me shudder, it's very existence constituting a singular crime against gastronomy.
So when I tasted Peter's Yard sourdough crispbread and was reliably informed this was made solely with wholemeal flour, milk, honey, and a smidgeon of butter (oh yes!) I was transported to crispbread nirvana. The pure wholemeal taste, enriched with a touch of sourdough goodness and a gentle sweetness from the honey... it's hard to convey how delicious this crispbread is. It's Wasa for grown-ups, even those like me who suffer from periodic arrested development.
As I was soon to discover, the nascent crispbread business is run by two of the most generous and lovely people I've met in this hard-boiled industry: Wendy Wilson-Bett and Ian Tencor. We met one fine day at the Real Food Festival last year and I've been an advocate for their awesome crispbread ever since. Unpaid of course, lest you think this is a PR-led product placement. I do it because Peter's Yard is a bona fide sourdough crispbread and if it were up to me I'd mandate that every restaurant, deli and cheese emporium up and down this country serves this glorious product alongside proper homemade bread.
Peter's Yard deserve to be successful and I do what I can to help them, so when they asked me to join on a two-day innovation session at Shipton Mill in the heart of the Cotswolds I had to pinch myself. Recipe-testing is something I never tire of, and gallivanting around the English countryside is great but getting to see a MILL IN ACTION! My cup runneth over...
In the coming weeks I'll be sharing recipe ideas for crispbread, which of course you can easily apply to open-faced sandwiches. In the meantime, here are a few snaps of the Peter's Yard and Shipton Mill team in action:
Objective: To determine return to work (RTW) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and to compare long-term labor market attachment (LMA) with the general population.
Participants: All persons aged 18 to 64 years who received highly specialized neurorehabilitation after severe TBI between 2004 and 2012 (n = 637) were matched to general population controls on age, sex, preinjury employment status, educational level, and residence (n = 2497).
Design: Nationwide follow-up study using weekly records on public assistance benefits.
Main Measures: Both RTW and LMA were defined as having no public assistance benefits except education grants/leave. Stable LMA was defined as weeks with LMA of 75% or more. LMA among persons with severe TBI and controls was compared using multivariable conditional logistic regression.
Results: RTW mainly occurred within first 2 years after severe TBI, with 30% of the people attempting RTW and 16% achieving stable LMA within 2 years. The prevalence of people with LMA decreased to 11% from 2Â½ years to 5 years postinjury. Adjusted odds ratios were 0.01 for LMA up to 2 years postinjury and 0.05 for stable LMA for persons with severe TBI compared with the general population.
Conclusion: Both RTW and long-term LMA after severe TBI were low in Denmark when compared with the general population and other countries.
Kyle Hu, a resident of Yorktown, has won first prize in the Tchaikovsky Young Pianists Competition in Kazakhstan and first prize among pianists aged 16 or younger in the Aarhus International Piano Competition in Denmark. Hu, who studies with the University of Richmondâs Joanne Kong, was a semi-finalist in the 2016 Cooper International Piano Competition at Oberlin College in Ohio. He also has won prizes in state and regional competitions.
From our MAD Monday on Migration. Palestinian twin sisters, Hana and Houda Hussein, talk of their culinary journey they encountered while immigrating from Algeria to Denmark. For more information, go to madfeed.co
Albert Tronnes Hour 1 World Literature Happiness in Denmark Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â I have already looked at one of the happiest countries in the world, Norway, to try to gain some insight on why other countries are happier than the U.S. … Continue reading →
Ten days later, on Saturday, October 22, Monsieur Lazhar (Quebec/Canada) by Philippe Falardeau will close the Festival. Selected to represent Canada at the Oscars for Best Foreign Language Film, Monsieur Lahzar shows the efforts of an Algerian schoolteacher to help his Grade 6 students come to terms with their teacherâs death. Between the opening and closing dates, the FNC will be in celebratory mode, highlighting the social relevance of featured works.
International Selection: Louve dâOr presented by Quebecor
âTo (contribute) or not to (contribute), that is the question.â â Â The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark, Act III, Scene I, written by William Shakespeare; (the wordÂ âbeâÂ replaced with contribute) Written by Steve Nyvik, BBA, MBA, CIM, CFP, R.F.P. Financial Planner and Portfolio Manager, Lycos Asset Management Inc. What is a TFSA? A Tax […]
Applications are invited for Erasmus Mundas masters scholarships in Journalism, Media and Globalisation available for EU and Non-EU students. The scholarships are divided into category A (for third country (non-EU) students) and B scholarships (for European (EU/EEA) students and others). All Mundus Journalism students can apply for Erasmus+ stipends for the second year of their Masterâs studies, if they have not been granted an Erasmus Mundus scholarship or received Erasmus+ funding within their BA studies. The first year is spent in Denmark at Aarhus University and the Danish School of Media and Journalism and a second specialism year at one
I'm becoming increasingly frustrated by the IHT running NYT pieces, on stories that IHT editors (alert, on the ball, all good) had already picked up weeks earlier.
To give an example from today's paper, compare and contrast the following:
A royal pain for the Spanish monarchy By Victoria Burnett Monday, November 17, 2008 MADRID: When the English monarch in Alan Bennett's novella "The Uncommon Reader" decides to write her memoirs, she takes the prudent step of abdicating first. Queen Sofia of Spain may be wondering whether she, too, should have waited for her husband, King Juan Carlos, to leave office before granting a Spanish journalist a series of uncharacteristically candid interviews. The resulting book, "The Queen Up Close," has provided Spaniards an uncomfortably close look at their queen's conservative views. Her comments on homosexuality, gay marriage, euthanasia and religious education have outraged liberal Spaniards and tarnished an image of discretion that she had carefully tended for decades. In the most notorious gaffe in the book, the queen said that she respected people's different sexual tendencies but did not understand why "they should feel proud to be gay." "That they get up on floats and parade in the streets? If all of us who are not gay were to parade in the streets, we'd halt the traffic in every city," she said. She then added that while gay people had a right to unions, they should not be permitted to call them marriages. As well as homosexuality, the queen takes several forays into politically tricky territory, saying that she does not support euthanasia - an issue being hotly debated in Spain - and that she believes schoolchildren should be taught the origins of man from a creationist point of view. The book is also peppered with personal tidbits about world leaders and royal travels. At one point, Sofia congratulates herself on persuading the Cuban leader, Fidel Castro, to wear a suit and tie, instead of his "shapeless" military garb. The late King Hassan of Morocco drove her "crazy" with his mania about food, she says, bringing a retinue of cooks and his own supplies when he visited Spain because "he didn't trust us." Former President Jimmy Carter was a good enough sort, but "behaved really badly toward the Shah of Iran" when he refused him asylum, she said. The controversy is one of a series of incidents that have revealed cracks in the cocoon of respect that envelops the Spanish royal family. Recent attempts to stifle embarrassing cartoons or claim privacy from the news media have challenged the balance between protecting free speech and protecting Spain's royals. "I don't think many people would be surprised to learn these were the queen's views," said Juan DÃez-NicolÃ¡s, a professor of sociology whose organization, ASEP, polls the Spanish public about the monarchy. They are routinely voted the most respected public figures in the country. "What surprises them is that she would say such things for publication," he said. And moreover, "not offering a view that is widely shared by Spaniards." Born Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark in November 1938, the queen converted from Greek Orthodoxy to Catholicism when she married Juan Carlos, then the future king, in 1962. Elegant, circumspect and fluent in several languages, she became popular in part because of her role in helping to steer Spain toward democracy after the death of Franco in 1975. Long considered a paragon of royal reserve, the queen emerges from the book as the 70-year-old observant Catholic that she is, rather than the sweet, demure figure that the Spanish public apparently wants her to be, people who follow the monarchy said. Her comments on gay pride and marriage provoked indignation from the gay community, which won the right to marry in 2005, and prompted a swift apology from the royal household. In a statement read to the press late last month, a spokesman for the royal family said the queen "deeply regrets that the inaccuracy of the comments attributed to her may have caused discomfort or offense." The statement claimed that the queen had been quoted "inexactly" and suggested that the interviewer, the journalist Pilar Urbano, had published comments intended to be private. Urbano denied this and said galleys of the book had been reviewed by the queen's office, which approved them for publication. In an interview by telephone, Urbano said she had interviewed Sofia several times, though she did not use a tape recorder. Journalists who closely follow the royal family said that the king was incensed by the book and that those responsible for giving the green light may yet be fired. Antonio Poveda, president of the Spanish Federation of Lesbians, Gays, Bisexuals and Transsexuals, said his organization accepted the palace's apology but that "there's definitely still some bad feeling among the gay community." "The monarch has always been at pains not to comment on social or political issues," he said. "It seems they have broken with this tradition." The publication of the book, "The Queen Up Close," follows a rash of setbacks for members of the royal family and Spanish aristocracy looking for greater protection from the press that have contributed to a sense that they are no longer untouchable. A court this month ruled against the Duchess of Alba, who was seeking to have copies of a satirical magazine whose cover featured her lying naked in pile of money removed from news stands. Telma Ortiz, sister of Queen Sofia's daughter-in-law Princess Letizia, this month lost a court battle to obtain restraining orders against dozens of media outlets, which she accuses of hounding her and her family. The court ruled that Ortiz, an aid worker, is in the limelight by dint of her relationship with her sister and ordered her to pay around â¬45,000, or about $57,000, in costs, according to press reports. While DÃez, the sociology professor, said the ruckus over the book would blow over and have no impact on Sofia's popularity, other analysts said the dents in the Spanish royal family's image were part of a wider trend away from monarchy in Europe. "Monarchy is old-fashioned by nature, and Europe is modern in its self-esteem," said Geoffrey Hindley, a historian who has written on European monarchy. "The ethos of republicanism is the style of the majority in Europe." http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/11/17/europe/sofia.php
Over two weeks ago, the IHT ran the piece below on www.iht.com and an edited version in the paper.
I imagine the NYT didn't but their global edition did and it's not evident to me that two weeks later Victoria Burnett (was she on holiday at the time?) has added all that much value.
And if you're an IHT reader in Spain, you must be yawning over breakfast.
Spanish book quotes queen's disapproval of gay marriage The Associated Press Friday, October 31, 2008 MADRID: A Spanish journalist on Friday defended the accuracy of her book that quotes Queen Sofia criticizing gay marriage. The book has irked the Royal Palace. The Spanish king and queen are largely respected as figurehead representatives of the state, and rarely speak out on political or social issues. The veteran journalist, Pilar Urbano, released the book - "La Reina muy de cerca," or "The Queen, very close up," - this week to mark the queen's 70th birthday Sunday. The journalist said it was based on 15 interviews with Queen Sofia, and that the Royal Palace approved the book's galley proofs before it was published, according to news agency Efe. "What the queen said is what my book says," Urbano said. The Royal Palace has challenged the comments attributed to the monarch, however, saying in a statement they "do not correspond exactly" with what she said. The palace also said the book also fails to reflect the queen's traditional neutrality on public affairs or respect for people who suffer discrimination, like homosexuals. "I do not answer to the queen or king, or the Royal Palace. I answer to the truth," Urbano told Efe. In the book, the queen is quoted as addressing a wide range of issues and saying she opposes abortion and euthanasia. Spain allows the former under restricted circumstances, and outlaws the latter. But the queen's alleged remarks on same-sex marriage are the main source of friction and have angered gay rights groups. Spain legalized gay marriage in 2005, becoming one of the few countries in the world to recognize same-sex couples as having the same rights as heterosexual ones, including the right to adopt children. "If those persons want to live together, dress up as bride and groom and get married, they can do so, but that should not be called marriage because it is not," the queen is quoted as saying in Urbano's book. The conservative newspaper El Mundo said the queen erred by breaking with her tradition of quiet neutrality. "As human as this burst of royal sincerity might be, certainly there were better ways to make Queen Sofia's birthday a new tool for bringing society closer to the throne," the newspaper said in an editorial. http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/10/31/europe/01spain-fw-360944.php
Once again, wire service well ahead of the curve, and not a hell of a lot of added value from the NYT correspondent.
It's this type of absurd allocation of precious foreign correspondent resource which is why newspapers seem so damn irrelevant and it seems their own memories of what they've already run are really pretty poor.
LOOKING FOR A CHRISTMAS BOOK GIFT TO BUY? "Books about cosmopolitan urbanites discovering the joys of country life are two a penny, but this one is worth a second glance. Walthew's vivid description of the moral stress induced by his job as a high-flying executive with the International Herald Tribune newspaper is worth the cover price aloneâ¦. Highly recommended." The Oxford Times
LONDON: Akibat letusan sebuah gunung berapi di Iceland, lalu lintas udara di seluruh Eropah Utara teerjejas, menyebabkan Britain terpaksa menghentikan operasi di Lapangan Terbang Heathrow dan membatalkan beratus-ratus penerbangan, manakala Norway bertindak menutup ruang udaranya.
Pihak Berkuasa Penerbangan Awam Britain berkata penerbangan bukan kecemasan terpaksa ditangguhkan sekurang-kurangnya hingga jam 6 petang waktu tempatan, manakala Ireland turut menutup ruang udaranya selama lapan jam.
Lapangan Terbang Heathrow, lapangan terbang paling sibuk di Eropah, mengendalikan hingga 1,200 hingga 180,000 penumpang sehari.
Penutupan Heathrow sekali gus menjejaskan lapangan terbang kedua dan ketiga terbesar, Gatwick dan Stansted. Tidak dapat dipastikan bila penerbangan dapat dipulihkan semula.
Berikutan penutupan itu, berpuluh-puluh penerbangan trans-Atlantik menuju Amerika Syarikat terpaksa ditangguhkan, manakala pembatalan penerbangan turut berlaku di bandaraya utama Eropah termasuk Brussels, Amsterdam, Geneva dan Paris.
Di utara Sweden, pihak berkuasa penerbangan awam berkata, semua penerbangan ditangguhkan dan ini menjejaskan jadual di bandar lain termasuk Skelleftea, Lulea, Kiruna dan Hemavan.
Semua penerbangan di utara Finland turut dibatalkan. Di Norway, Raja Harald V dan Permaisuri Sonja yang bercadang terbang ke Copenhagen untuk menyambut hari lahir ratu Denmark yang ke-70, sedang menimbang sama ada menaiki kereta, bot atau kereta api untuk ke negara itu.
Perdana Menteri Norway, Jens Stoltenberg yang dijadual kembali ke negaranya semalam, kini terkandas di New York apabila penerbangan dibatalkan.
Di Iceland, beratus-ratus penduduk terpaksa melarikan diri daripada banjir berikutan paras air meningkat selepas gunung berapi di bawah glasier Eyjafjallajokull meletus untuk kali kedua dalam tempoh sebulan semalam.
Air yang mengalir dari kawasan pergunungan, menyebabkan paras sungai meningkat sehingga tiga meter menjelang malam semalam.
âAwan debu semakin berkurangan kerana tiada air sebagai bahan campuran. Anda boleh merasa lebih banyak gegaran di sekitar gunung berapi itu kerana laharnya sedang mengalir keluar,â katanya. Einarsson berkata, pihaknya memperoleh laporan daripada seorang juruterbang kira-kira sejam lalu bahawa awan debu berada pada ketinggian 4,877 meter.
âKami membuat andaian kebanyakan awan debu berada pada kedudukan yang rendah di langit. Sebelum ini ia berada pada ketinggian 6,000 meter.
Rakaman sebuah kamera litar menunjukkan aliran asap secara berterusan tetapi perlahan dari kawah gunung berapi itu dan membentuk gumpalan awan yang sangat besar.
âPerkembangan ini menunjukkan keadaan gunung berapi itu kini semakin berubah dan kami sedang memantaunya,â katanya.
Sementara itu, pengawal trafik udara Britain berkata, gumpalan awan debu yang baru kini menghala ke beberapa laluan udara yang utama dan beberapa negara menutup lapangan terbang atau mengehadkan penggunaan ruang udara.
âLetusan gunung berapi di Iceland semakin kuat dan gumpalan awan debu yang baru sedang merebak ke selatan dan timur menuju ke Britain,â kata Perkhidmatan Trafik Udara Britain dalam satu kenyataan. â Reuters
Letusan gunun berapi yang berlaku di Iceland ini membawa kesan-kesan buruk antaranya yang utama ialah :
1. Hampir kebanyakan penerbangan ditangguhkan sehingga hari ini akibat daripada gumpalan asap berdebu yang tebal, 2. Berlaku pencairan ais dan dikhuatiri banjir akan berlaku, 3. Sumber makanan dan keperluan harian terganggu, 4. Kesihatan terjejas.
Hans-Olof Nilsson a retired Swedish engineer from the refrigeration industry decided to go off-grid with his house in a serious way, storing the summer sun as hydrogen to keep warm in the cold Swedish winter. Ikea has shown interest...this is his recipe: you take...
An Alkaline electrolyzer delivered by GreenHydrogen in Denmark as a prototype producing 2 NmÂ³ of hydrogen per hour. It takes 5.5 kWh to produce and store 1 NmÂ³ of hydrogen with a caloric energy content of 3.3 kWh. To produce 1 cubic meter of hydrogen it takes 1 liter of purified and de-ionized water. From that amount of hydrogen 1.5 kWh of electricity and 1.5 kWh of heat is generated in the fuel cell. The fuel cell heat is integrated in the general heating system of the house.
A compressor using 0.5 kWh of the 5.5 kWh necessary to produce and store 1 NmÂ³ of hydrogen, to compressit to 300 bars.Â The new and more efficient Metal Hydride Compressor System from Norwegian supplierÂ www.hystorsys.noÂ has no moving parts and works by temperature differentiation. Â Annual production from the electrolyzer is roughly 3,000 NmÂ³ of hydrogen.
2,000 - 2,200 NmÂ³ of hydrogen will be used by the fuel cell Â for room warming, hot water, as well as household electricity needs such as ventilation, washing, cooking and lighting. Charging of electric cars is of course included. There is an estimated surplus of 800 â 1000 NmÂ³ that Hans-Olof plans to use for a Toyota Mirai (hydrogen fuel cell-electric car) that will run approximately 10,000 kilometers on that amount. Oxygen from the electrolyze process, half the amount of hydrogen, is vented to the outside air.
The hydrogen fuel cell is a working prototype by Swedish fuel cell maker PowerCell. It was developed specifically to this house as a mutually beneficial project allowing Hans-Olof to produce the needed heat and electricity in wintertime and creating a massive amount of data and experience for PowerCell. An internet connection provides monitoring and remote control of the unit. It delivers roughly 1.5 kW of electrical power and 1.5 kW heating effect. Two grey tubes on the left bottom side of the unit takes in cooling water and returns 65-70 C hot water.Â Red and blue cables top left deliver 48 VDC to the earlier illustrated inverter system. An electric effect of 1.5 kW may not seem impressive, yet when it runs 24/7 to charge the batteries there is always enough energy to meet peak demands such as car charging or the heating needs of the house â in fact all functions of the house. A new fuel cell is to be delivered by the same manufacturer and is now a standard product named PS-5. The â5â refers to kW â meaning it will produce 5 kWs of electrical power and 5 kWs of thermal power
[David Hasselhoff photo MICHAEL GOTTSCHALK/AFP/Getty Images]
It was recently announced that David Hasselhoff would return for a short stint on The Young and the Restless, the very soap where he cut his teeth long before Knight Rider or Baywatch.
But before the Hoff gets to Genoa City, heâll have to first get through London, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Stockholm, Boston, New York, Quebec City ... and, oh, Toronto.
Indeed, the big-in-Germany cultural mastermind hits our streets tomorrow, when he zooms into town with the rest of the gang in the 2010 Gumball Rally. Heâs one of the carpe diemâers in the wordâs most glamorous car-fest -- the one that Iâve previously described as âa richie-rich auto race for daredevils with shades of Jack Kerouac,â the one that never fails to draw a coterie of celebrities, genteels, occasional throne-less royal, and the requisite erstwhile TV lifeguard.
Letâs just hope that they donât have to take the bus when they get here! As all the Ferraris and Royces and Lamborghinis were winding their way to Stockholm a few days ago -- before the vehicles and their peeps were set to be flown to Canada -- when German authorities âbrought a halt to proceedings,â according to a Danish newspaper, and all the cars were âbanned from the motorways of the German state of Niedersachsen.â
âThe cars had been due to cross the German-Danish border on Sunday afternoon, the story went on, âbut were delayed for several hours as the contestants were instead bussed to Denmark.â
And to think: Skateboard guru Tony Hawk, whoâs also part of Gumball, could just as easily have rolled across the border.
Ready to roll right into Queen Street, by the way? This very motley crew when they get to Toronto! Hassehoff, Hawk and the others are bound for a party at Ultra, on Queen Street. And getting out of her wheels and into, precisely, the DJ booth? That would be Mick Jaggerâs boho-daughter, Jade. She, we hear, is along for the madcap ride too.
â¢ It was a case of photo or no photo, and photo won out when the ready-to-deal but legendarily germaphobic Howie Mandel was spotted here at a Starbucks in Yorkville, Saturday. Ever accommodating and non-angsty was the TV personality to a bunch who ran into him and, then, promptly demanded visual documentation of their encounter.
â¢ Rufus Wainwright was true to the name of his new opera, Prima Donna, when he wrote in a letter the other day to the London Times lambasting the critics who, well, have been lambasting him! Responding to the nasty reviews that followed his London premiere this month, the Canadian polymath now says this: âI expect this vitriol was the result of a stiff and unforgiving school system -- Lord of the Flies meets Revenge of the Nerds -- in which any attempt at emotion is met with slingshots. Please, learn from America and next time use a gun; itâs much sexier.â
Next stop for Rufus: a showing next month in Toronto -- his North American premiere! Should we be afraid, very, very afraid?
More than half of babies now born in the UK and other wealthy nations will live to 100 years, researchers say. The study, published in The Lancet journal, also says the extra years are spent with less serious disability. Data from more than 30 developed countries shows that since 1950 the probability of surviving past 80 years of age has doubled for both sexes. One expert said healthy behaviors for all ages were the key to enjoying living a long life.
Professor Kaare Christensen, of the Danish Ageing Research Centre at the University of Southern Denmark, who led the study, said life expectancy had been increasing since 1840 and there was no sign of this trend slowing down. He said: "The linear increase in record life expectancy for more than 165 years does not suggest a looming limit to human lifespan.âIf life expectancy were approaching a limit, some deceleration of progress would probably occur."
In 1950 the probability of surviving for between 80 and 90 years of age was, on average, 15 to 16% for women and 12% for men. In 2002, these figures had risen to 37% for women and 25% for men. The study points out that until the 1920s, improvements in infant and childhood survival contributed most to the increase in life expectancies. Since then the increases have been fuelled by progress in the survival of the elderly, which has been particularly evident since the 1970s.
An elimination tournament does not, by its nature, produce overall standings. You can construct a table by points, of course, but it will not take into account the differences in games played and opponents' strengths. I wanted, just for fun, to devise an objective (which doesn't mean meaningful) way to rate and rank the 32 teams in the World Cup. After several iterations, here's the scheme I came up with.
For each team I calculated a raw efficiency rating based on their points per game. At 3 points for a win, 1 for a tie and none for a loss, with 2 bonus points for making it to the elimination stage, I added up each team's points, divided by an expected point total of 4/3 * games-played (figuring an average result for three round-robin games would have been a win, a tie and a loss), and then added 1, anticipating later multiplication, so that the resulting ratings start at 1 instead of 0.
I then went back and used those ratings as a measure of opponent's strength, assigning each match for each team the product of the points gained (again 1-base (4/2/1) rather than 0-base (3/1/0)) and the opponent's raw rating. Add those values up and average them, and then add a 1-point bonus for making it to the elimination stage. This approach takes no account of goals for or against, and does not make any attempt at incorporating any information (like FIFA rankings) from outside the tournament. Nonetheless, it produces the following interesting set of adjusted ratings:
Since all that math was totally arbitrary, there is no reason to believe these numbers mean anything, but I'm surprised how well they seem to accord with my subjective intuition. And the table passes the obvious sanity checks: the top and bottom are right, South Korea is penalized a little bit for playing and losing an extra game, almost (but not quite) all the second-round teams come in ahead of the teams that were eliminated in the first, and France barely edges out the three teams that didn't gain any points.
So I'm going with it. As far as I'm concerned, the US is now temporarily the 7th best men's soccer nation on the planet.
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Social Security Card, Work Permit, for UK,
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Social Security Card
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Abstract Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that is associated with abnormal sweat electrolytes, sino-pulmonary disease, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, and male infertility. Insights into genotype/phenotype relations have recently been gained in this disorder. The strongest relationship exists between 'severe' mutations in the gene that encodes the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) and pancreatic insufficiency. The relationship between 'mild' mutations, associated with residual CFTR function, and expression of disease is less precise. Atypical 'mild' mutations in the CFTR gene have been linked to late-onset pulmonary disease, congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens, and idiopathic pancreatitis. Less commonly, sinusitis, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, and possibly even asthma may also be associated with mutations in the CFTR gene, but those syndromes predominantly reflect non-CFTR gene modifiers and environmental influences.
Introduction Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a recessive genetic disease that is caused by mutations on both CFTR alleles, resulting in abnormal sweat electrolytes, sino-pulmonary disease, male infertility, and pancreatic exocrine insufficiency in 95% of patients [1,2]. In its classic form, the disease is easily diagnosed early in life, through a combination of clinical evaluation and laboratory testing (including sweat testing, and CFTR mutation analysis) . Depending on the ethnic background of the populations tested, common genetic mutations are identified in the majority of cases of CF. In the USA, two-thirds of patients carry at least one copy of the ÎF508 mutation, with approximately 50% of CF patients being homozygous for this mutation .
A wide spectrum of molecular abnormalities may occur in the CFTR gene, and uncommon mutations that result in partial (residual) CFTR function may be associated with nonclassic presentations of disease. Overall, 7% of CF patients are not diagnosed until age 10 years, with a proportion not diagnosed until after age 15 years; some of these patients present a considerable challenge in establishing a diagnosis of CF. Moreover, the phenotype in these patients may vary widely [5,6]. The focus of the present review is on nonclassic phenotypes associated with mutations in the CFTR gene, which may manifest as male infertility (congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens [CBAVD]), mild pulmonary disease and idiopathic chronic pancreatitis (ICP). These phenotypes are included within the definition of 'atypical CF'.
Cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator: the relationship between gene mutations and function
CFTR is a transmembrane spanning protein with multiple activities that are related to normal epithelial cell function . Mutations in CFTR result in abnormalities in epithelial ion and water transport, which are associated with derangements in airway mucociliary clearance and other cellular functions related to normal cell biology . Depending on the molecular abnormality, the defect in CFTR may be the equivalent of that associated with a 'null' mutation, or may be 'mild', with partial/residual function . At one end of the spectrum of severity, 'null' or 'severe' mutations reflect nonsense, frame-shift or splice mutations; these result in absence of production of functional CFTR, which correlates strongly with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, but less strongly with severity of lung disease. At the other end of the spectrum, 'mild' mutations may result in some production of functional CFTR protein at the apical membrane, with partial CFTR channel function, and are generally associated with pancreatic sufficiency and milder pulmonary disease.
The molecular basis for the severity of mutations may derive from the extent to which normal mRNA transcription or protein synthesis takes place; for example, splice mutations may influence the efficiency of normal/abnormal CFTR mRNA transcription to varying degrees. In turn, the severity of the abnormality in CFTR may relate directly to the phenotypic expression of disease, with absent function causing more severe disease, whereas some residual function may modulate the severity of disease in different organ systems.Clinically, this may be reflected in normal or borderline sweat chloride values in patients with atypical CF. Other factors, including non-CFTR gene modifiers and environmental influences, are probably also associated with the severity of disease. Given this background, it is not surprising that disease expression is complex and that nonclassic CF phenotypes exist.
Phenotypes associated with atypical cystic fibrosis
Table 1 provides a schema of how mutations on one or both alleles of the CFTR gene might relate to nonclassic phenotypic expression of disease. 'Atypical CF' includes those clinical phenotypes that have the strongest associations with mutations in the CFTR gene: CBAVD in males, mild pulmonary disease and ICP. Table 1 Hierarchy of associations with mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator gene
Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens Although not all males with CBAVD have mutations in the CFTR gene, approximately 50% have abnormal CFTR alleles . Generally, one 'severe' allele is combined with one 'mild' allele, such that the 'mild' allele appears to dominate and cause the milder phenotype (e.g. ÎF508 in combination with R117H). Routine screening for common mutations that does not take into account milder or rarer mutations may miss many of the mild mutations associated with this particular clinical expression of disease . This combination of mutations may occur in other forms of atypical CF (see below).
One particular abnormality deserves a special mention â the various alleles of the polythymidine tract in the intron 8 (IVS8) of the CFTR gene . Of the three alleles that have been identified in IVS8 (5T, 7T and 9T), the 9T allele is associated with the most efficient usage of the intron 8 splice acceptor site. This efficiency decreases with shorter polythymidine tracts (5T and 7T), which results in a lower than normal level of full-length CFTR mRNA and presumably in a decrease in mature, functional CFTR protein. For example, the mild CFTR mutation R117H is influenced by the polythymidine tract sequence, such that an R117H-bearing allele in cis with a 7T allele may result in CBAVD, whereas when R117H is associated with the 5T allele the phenotypic expression may be associated with atypical CF. R117H with a 9T allele may exhibit a normal phenotype. The 5T allele under the influence of other sequence variants in the CFTR gene may also be associated with atypical CF .
Although males with CBAVD may present to urology clinics, with no discernable lung or other organ presentation of disease, a careful work-up should be carried out to determine whether subtle lung disease is present. Evidence of CFTR dysfunction may be found on laboratory testing, with abnormal or borderline sweat chloride levels and/or abnormal CFTR-mediated chloride conductance in nasal epithelia [11,12]. Whether lung disease may develop later in life in these generally young males remains to be determined, but they should at least be counseled regarding lung health and cigarette smoking.
Mild pulmonary disease Older patients with mild pulmonary disease, including bronchiectasis, may not present with symptoms until later in life, but are found to have atypical CF when appropriate investigations are carried out, including normal or borderline sweat chlorides and pancreatic sufficiency . Thus, as with CBAVD, a careful work-up is mandatory. This should include not only a standard diagnostic work-up, including a sweat chloride and radiologic screening for subtle lung disease, but also nasal potential difference measures in order to evaluate CFTR at a physiologic level, and screening for mild and rare CFTR mutations . A 'severe' mutation may be found on one allele, with a 'mild' mutation, such as the 5T abnormality (with or without other abnormalities in the CFTR gene), on the other allele. The level of expression of full-length mature CFTR may be less than that in CBAVD, with adverse consequences for the lung, albeit with a later presentation . Although the pulmonary disease is milder than that with classic CF, these patients generally exhibit phenotypic similarities to CF; for example, the distribution of radiographic changes often involve the upper lobe, and mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa may be present in the lower airway.
Idiopathic bronchiectasis (IB) could loosely be defined as bronchiectasis in which no clear cause has been found, and in which the clinical pattern differs from CF and other known causes of bronchiectasis. Two studies [13,14] suggested that IB may be linked to mutated CFTR. In one study , five out of 16 patients with IB harbored the 5T allele in the CFTR gene. Of those, two were 5T/5T homozygotes. Insufficient data were supplied regarding the clinical phenotype in the five patients harboring the 5T allele to draw any firm conclusions as to whether they would otherwise fulfill rigorous diagnostic criteria for CF . In the second study , from France, 13 mutations were found in 16 CFTR alleles in 32 patients with idiopathic bronchiectasis. Only six of the 13 mutations were confirmed to be CF-causing mutations, with the remainder hypothesized as being 'potentially' CF causing. Four patients were compound heterozygotes, and all 11 of the patients who harbored mutations had abnormal sweat chloride levels (>60 mmol/l), with apparently no clear-cut evidence of CF otherwise ('isolated bronchiectasis'). Girodon et al.  speculated that IB might be related, at least in part, to mutated CFTR, with possible other factors at play. In any such population, atypical or variant CF is likely to be present in a proportion of patients studied in detail.
Idiopathic chronic pancreatitis Recent reports [5,6,15,16] suggest that patients with an ICP phenotype have an increased incidence of mutations in CFTR. Such patients generally present with symptoms of pancreatitis at an older age than those patients with classic CF. Because CF carriers represent 3â4% of the general population, it is important to know whether one or two mutations predispose to ICP. Although the data initially appeared to suggest that patients with one mutation in CFTR were at risk, subsequent studies have borne out the observation of a link between mutated CFTR on both alleles and ICP.
A rigorous search was conducted for other mutations in patients with one CFTR mutation, and CFTR function in nasal epithelia was assessed in vivo in patients with ICP . Sequencing of the CFTR gene indicated that nine out of 41 patients with ICP had two abnormal CFTR alleles; again the combination of 'severe' and 'mild', and having two mutations increased the risk for ICP 40-fold. ICP patients with two abnormal CFTR alleles had reduced CFTR-mediated chloride conductance in nasal epithelia as compared with ICP control individuals. The number of CFTR heterozygotes with ICP was no higher than is expected in the general population. These data strongly suggest that abnormalities on both alleles are required for expression of 'CF-related ICP', perhaps with some added influence from mutations in pancreatic inhibitor genes (PRSS1, PSTI) .
Other phenotypes associated with mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator gene Other sino-pulmonary syndromes have been studied to test for a link to mutated CFTR; sinusitis, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, and asthma. However, the likelihood is that they predominantly reflect non-CFTR gene modifiers and environmental influences.
Sinusitis In a recent study , DNA from 147 patients with chronic rhino-sinusitis was screened for 16 CFTR mutations, including the 5T sequence, and patients with a mutation had their DNA screened over the entire coding region. Eleven patients had a mutation in CFTR (all severe mutations, and one patient eventually developed CF), as compared with two out of 123 control individuals, whereas there was no difference in the incidence of the 5T allele between controls and study subjects. There was also a higher frequency of the M470V polymorphism on the opposite allele to that containing a severe mutation as compared with control individuals. Physiologic testing in the sinusitis patients showed normal indices of nasal epithelial sodium transport, with a slight reduction in CFTR-mediated chloride conductance. The authors of that report concluded that the combination of a severe mutation on one allele with a sequence variant that is not normally associated with CF on the opposite allele may be responsible. An analogy is again drawn with the other non-classic phenotypes, with enough residual CFTR function to protect against early, classic sino-pulmonary disease and a pancreatic phenotype, but clearly other non-CFTR factors may also be at play (Table 1).
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis Although Aspergillus fumigatus is ubiquitous in nature, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) occurs in only a small number of patients with asthma and CF; thus, genetic factors may play a role in the pathogenesis of ABPA in some patients. A study from several years ago  showed that, in a small number of patients who met criteria for ABPA, there was a higher frequency of abnormal CFTR alleles than expected. The authors of that report speculated that mutations in CFTR may play a role in the pathogenesis of ABPA, either as a result of heterozygosity alone (and 50% CFTR function), or heterozygosity plus other genetic factors that were not detected by the methods used in the study. The situation is probably similar to that in asthma, with genetic factors outside of CFTR, together with environmental influences, playing major roles.
Asthma There are conflicting data as to whether mutations in the CFTR gene are over-represented in patients with asthma [21,22,23]. In Denmark, a questionnaire study was carried out in a cohort of carriers of the ÎF508 mutation in CFTR . Of 250 adults studied, it appeared that 9% reported symptoms of asthma, as compared with 6% of control non-carriers, with airways obstruction being present in those carriers with symptoms of asthma. However, there are clear limitations in a study of this kind, relying solely on a questionnaire for diagnosis. A second study investigated 144 patients with documented asthma , and identified 15 missense mutations in the CFTR gene of 15 patients, compared with none in a small control group. When tests were carried out in a larger control group, however, the differences lost significance. In contrast, several other studies failed to show a link between mutations in CFTR and asthma, and if anything show a protective effect . Thus, there is little evidence to support a link between asthma and abnormalities in CFTR, such that, if there is a link, then it plays a small role in the overall pathogenesis of disease, with a much larger role played both by genetic factors outside of CFTR and by environmental influences (Table 1).
Conclusion Mutated CFTR may be associated with an atypical CF phenotype in the sino-pulmonary tract, pancreas, and male genital tract, with reduced CFTR epithelial function. Although abnormalities in the CFTR gene may play a minor role in the pathogenesis of asthma, sinusitis, and ABPA in subsets of patients, these diseases predominantly result from genetic (non-CFTR) and nongenetic environmental influences.
This Viking belt is based on finds from Denmark. The buckle and end piece are bronze and decorated in the style of early Vikings. It is about 80"x lone from buckle to end tip 1 1/8" wide. It is made from thin leather so it may be looped to produce a true Viking look. The belt does not have holes for the buckle tongue to feed into. Buyer can do this themselves or I can do this. Note you must tell me you belt measurement first.
The problem is not that Hershey's has replaced cocoa butter with vegetable oil. The problem is with using partially-hydrogenated vegetable oils.
To create partially-hydrogenated oils, hydrogen is forced into regular vegetable oil at high pressure. This increases the stability of the oil, making it solid at room temperature and increasing the shelf-life. Partially-hydrogenated oils occur only in very small quantities in nature, and there are indications that metabolism of these fats in the human body interferes with the production of prostaglandins
Denmark and Switzerland have effectively banned partially-hydrogenated oils, and other countries are quickly following suit.
Here is a link that describes the differences between saturated, unsaturated, partially-hydrogenated, and fully hydrogenated oils.
It may seem like a lot of fuss to be making about vegetable oil, there is more to it than meets the eye- it can be pretty confusing...
Expected publication (Spain): September 2011 Sypnosis:In 1987, a brother and sister are found brutally murdered in a summer house in the north of Denmark. The police investigation suggests that the killer is to be found within a group of young boarding-school pupils coming from some of the wealthiest families in the country. But the evidence is not strong enough and the case is shelved.
However; several years later the case and its files turn up on the desk of Carl MÃ¸rck, the deputy detective superintendent who is in charge of Department Q - the department for "cases of special focus". At first, Carl MÃ¸rck is convinced that it is there by mistake, but soon he realizes that something is very, very wrong.
Along with his assistant Assad he takes on an investigation that brings them all the way through the hierarchy of society. From the most miserable homeless person living at Central Station to the most powerful men at the top. The hunt is on.
I love this writer and the series mystery books "Serie Q", the problem is the writer is from Copenhagen and his books are not translated yet to english (only the first one) so September will be a date to buy the second book on the series in Spain due I do not know when it will be release in english but the spanish publisher Maeva will release it in this month.
I cannot wait for read it because I love thrillers and this is kind special to me!!
Aku dan Ranz sampai di gubernuran sekitar pukul 04.45. nte Ria, om Bravo, om Poetoet, dan om Nuge sudah sampai disana, mengawasi sepeda-sepeda diset. Sepeda-sepeda ini adalah produk UNITED yang akan digunakan tamu-tamu VIP yang tidak membawa sepeda.
Christiania bikes :)
Sekitar pukul 05.30 mbak Ary mencariku, untuk menyerahkan jersey viking biking, hasil âkesaktianâ bu Lia dari Bappeda meminta Bank Jateng untuk mensponsori membuat jersey, untuk diberikan kepada para pesepeda yang datang dengan membawa nama âbike to work Semarangâ. Berhubung jumlahnya sangat terbatas, kita tidak bisa memberi semua orang. Pada hari itu sendiri, aku mengenakan jersey viking biking hadiah B2W Pusat, jersey yang sama dengan yang dikenakan pak Casper, dubes Denmark. J
sebagian sepeda sponsor United
Sekitar pukul 06.00, pasukan bersepeda diberangkatkan oleh pak gubernur dengan ditandai lambaian bendera. Di baris terdepan ada pak Casper, pak Ganjar, pak Hendi, om Poetoet, dll. Banyak pesepeda yang rebutan ingin sejajar dengan pak Casper dan pak Ganjar, mungkin agar selalu masuk frame jika difoto. LOL.
Rute yang kupilih â setelah pak Ian ESP3 mengatakan pak duber ingin mengunjungi Gereja Blenduk dan Lawangsewu â adalah dari gubernuran kita menuju Simpanglima Jl. Ahmad Yani â Jl. MT Haryono â Bubakan â Kota Lama â Jl. Pemuda â Lawangsewu â Jl. Pandanaran â Taman Pandanaran â Jl. Trilomba Juang â Taman KB â gubernuran.
Meski pak dubes kurang berkenan jika ada voejrider, namun demi kenyamanan tamu negara selama perjalanan, pihak Bappeda tetap bekerjasama dengan polantas, selain dengan dishub dan satpol pp. Voejrider dari polantas yang membuka jalan, âpasukan dishubâ dan satpol pp yang sebagian mengenakan jersey VB senantiasa berada di kitaran pak dubes dan pak gubernur.
Barangkali rombongan peserta VB yang jumlahnya ratusan orang itu sedikit mengganggu lalu lintas para orangtua yang sedang mengantar anak-anak berangkat sekolah (sekitar jam 06.00 â 07.00) semoga tidak ada yang nggerundel ya jika para pesepeda âhampirâ memenuhi seluruh badan jalan, saat lewat di Jl. MT Haryono.
Sesampai Kota Lama, kita berhenti di Gereja Blenduk; selain berfoto bersama dengan latar belakang Gereja yang kondang ini, pak gubernur juga mengajak pak dubes untuk masuk ke gereja sebentar.
Setelah dirasa cukup, kita melanjutkan perjalanan, tujuan selanjutnya adalah polder Tawang, Kedubes Denmark memang tertarik untuk membantu pengelolaan sampah yang ada di Semarang, selain penanggulangan banjir.
Meninggalkan kawasan Kota Lama, jam menunjukkan lewat dari pukul 07.00. traffic yang biasanya penuh di kawasan Jl. Pemuda karena anak-anak sekolah telah berlalu. Rombongan pesepeda lancar melewati Jl. Pemuda, hingga sampai Lawangsewu. Pihak pengelola Lawangsewu telah mendapatkan kabar bahwa pak gubernur akan mampir membawa tamu negara, maka pagi itu, kita bisa masuk ke halaman depan gedung peninggalan Belanda. Disini, selain berfoto-foto, banyak insan pers yang menggunakan kesempatan ini untuk mewawancarai pak gubernur dan pak dubes.
Dari Lawangsewu, kita belok ke arah Jl. Pandanaran. Rombongan masuk gerbang belakang gubernuran menjelang pukul 07.30, tepat seperti prakiraanku. Sebagian peserta ada yang langsung cabut untuk berangkat ke kantor masing-masing, ada yang tetap stay untuk menikmati kudapan yang disediakan oleh pihak umum pemprov.
Dan pihak-pihak yang sibuk mempersiapkan ini itu pun lega karena acara telah terselenggara dengan lancar dan sukses. Alhamdulillah.
Siap-siap saja jika pak Casper ingin mengulang kesuksesan VB di Semarang tahun depan. J
Sebenarnya selentingan bahwa Viking Biking akan diselenggarakan di kota Semarang sudah terdengar sejak sekitar bulan Maret â April 2016. Entah apa yang menjadi kendala, akhirnya Viking Biking terselenggara juga di kota Semarang, pada tanggal 17 Mei 2017.
Selama ini, VB diselenggarakan di kota Jakarta, pihak kedutaan besar 3 negara-negara Skandinavia (Denmark, Swedia, Norwegia) menggandeng Bike 2 Work Indonesia untuk penyelenggaraannya. Pemilihan partner yang tepat karena seperti yang kita tahu bahwa B2W Indonesia bukan hanya sekedar kumpulan orang-orang pehobi sepeda, namun mereka adalah orang-orang yang concerned untuk mengkampanyekan penggunaan sepeda sebagai moda transportasi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Sepeda bukan melulu alat olahraga yang digunakan di akhir pekan; namun sepeda adalah moda transportasi yang paling ramah lingkungan, dan sangat mendukung mobilitas pengguna tatkala berada di lingkungan yang terkenal macet. Bagiku pribadi, sepeda adalah alat transportasi yang sangat fleksibel, aku bisa sekaligus berolahraga ketika berangkat bekerja. J
Akhir Maret 2017 tante Ria Serbeje â partner terpercaya om Toto B2W dan om Poetoet B2Wâ membuat grup WA untuk mulai mengkomunikasikan penyelenggaraan VB di kota Semarang. Selain kita berempat, ada mbak Ary, mas Inung dan pak Iandari ESP3 yang berkedudukan di Semarang; ada om Nuge, sang seniman yang karya posternya sering dipilih pak Casper, dubes Denmark, untuk kampanya event; juga ada beberapa orang dari Kedubes Denmark.
Semula kita rencanakan VB Semarang diselenggarakan pada hari Jumat 19 Mei 2017. VB memang selalu dilaksanakan pada hari kerja karena memang tujuannya adalah mengkampanyekan penggunaan sepeda untuk berangkat ke kantor. Namun karena ternyata pada tanggal itu pak gubernur Ganjar Pranowo sudah menjadwalkan satu agenda penting, VB kita ajukan pada hari Rabu 17 Mei 2017.
Sempat dua kali aku diundang rapat ke kantor ESP3 untuk membahas hal ini. Yang pertama, aku ditemani Dwi dan Tami. Yang kedua, hanya Dwi yang menemaniku karena kebetulan pas tanggal itu Tami wisuda. Setelah itu, kita rapat bersama beberapa pihak yang pasti akan terlibat dalam pelaksanaan VB, yakni pihak dishub, satpol pp, protokoler pemprov, kominfo, bagian umum pemprov, selain pihak ESP 3, B2W Semarang, dan Bappeda. Waktu rapat yang pertama di kantor Bappeda, aku ditemani Dwi, Tami, dan Avitt. Rapat yang kedua â rapat pamungkas â aku ditemani Ranz.
Satu hari sebelum penyelenggaraan VB, nte Ria, om Poetoet, dan om Nuge sudah datang ke Semarang. Mereka sempat mampir ke kantor ESP3 untuk persiapan terakhir bersama mbak Ary, mas Inung, dan pak Ian. Saat ini, aku sedang sibuk di kantor, sembari menunggu Ranz hadir di Semarang. Untunglah VB diselenggarakan pada hari Rabu 17 Mei 2017, Ranz bisa datang. Jika tetap tanggal 19 Mei, dia ga akan bisa datang; ada acara keluarga yang maha penting pada tanggal itu. J
Malam menjelang VB, aku, Ranz, nte Ria, om Poetoet dan om Nuge kumpul di hotel tempat mereka menginap untuk membahas hal-hal yang perlu kita bahas. J
Alhamdulillah VB di kota Semarang terselenggara dengan sukses. Ratusan orang datang untuk menyemarakkan suasana. Pak Casper terlihat sangat bahagia. âThis is the biggest crowd ever. I am very happy. Personally, I thank you very much.âKatanya langsung kepadaku. Semoga, di antara sekian ratus orang yang datang, mereka bakal tergerak hati untuk menggunakan sepeda sebagai moda transportasi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. J
Viking Biking adalah salah satu kegiatan kampanye penggunaan sepeda sebagai sarana transportasi alternatif. Oleh karena itu, selain mengajak masyarakat luas, di setiap kota penyelenggaraan, kita usahakan melibatkan pemangku kebijakan kota setempat untuk melakukan dialog dengan tujuan terciptanya fasilitas pendukung bagi kenyamanan dan keselamatan bersepeda. Tak lupa juga mendorong pemda setempat untuk mendukung gerakan bersepeda.
Viking Biking akan kita selenggarakan di kota Semarang pada hari Rabu 17 Mei 2017. Bapak Gubernur Ganjar Pranowo beserta Bapak Walikota Hendrar Prihadi akan mendampingi Bapak Duta Besar Kerajaan Denmark Casper Klynge dalam event ini.
Untuk kejelasan info, lihat detilnya di poster di atas ini
Yuuk bergabung! Semua diundang! FREE!
Let us act beyond green. Let us bike to work!
Rute: Kantor Gubernuran â Jalan Pahlawan â Simpanglima â Jalan Ahmad Yani â Jalan MT Haryono â Bundaran Bubakan â Kota Lama â Gereja Blenduk â Jalan Pemuda â Tugumuda â Jalan Pandanaran â Taman Pandanaran â Jalan Trilomba Juang â Taman KB â Jalan Pahlawan â Kantor Gubernuran.
We are potentially heading down a dangerous stretch of road ahead âleading us into the Ultra-Low spend zone.Â In this zone, investment declines and, so competitiveness and productivity; health and education services suffer; income supports falter adding fuel to the inequality engine.Â A low-service, low-waged, low-productivity future awaits.
Of course, spending a lot of money doesnât guarantee you optimal results.Â But spending too little certainly wonât get you optimal results.Â So how far behind are we falling?Â Letâs compare public spending (excluding interest â this is called âprimaryâ expenditure) in the EU-15 countries.
Iâll use the method devised by Seamus Coffey who hangs out at Economic-Incentives.Â He excluded elderly-related expenditure and then compared Ireland with the rest of Europe.Â He did this because Ireland has an advantage here â we donât have to spend as much on pensions and related expenditure because we have a smaller proportion of elderly.Â In the EU-15, the over 65 cohort makes up 19 percent of the population; in Ireland, this cohort makes up 13 percent.Â
2014 is the latest year we have data for old-age expenditure.Â In the following, old-age expenditure is subtracted from total primary spending.Â For instance, Ireland spent 37.2 percent of its adjusted GDP (adjusted per the Irish Fiscal Councilâs hybrid-GDP estimate that factors in the accounting practices of multi-nationals).Â It spent 4 percent on the elderly, leaving an expenditure level of 33.2 percent excluding elderly-related spending.Â Figures for European categories are mean averages.Â
Ireland ranks below all the European averages.Â What difference would it have made in 2014 in actual Euros and cents?
To reach the average of other EU-15 countries, we would have had to increase public spending by â¬6.5 billion
The next comparison is with other Northern and Central European economies (other NCEE). This is the EU-15 excluding the poorer Mediterranean countries like Greece and Portugal.Â Â To reach this average, we would have had to spend an additional â¬9.6 billion.
The final comparison is with Other Small Open Economies, a category used by the IMF. These are economies with a small domestic market and a high reliance on exports.Â Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland and Sweden are in this category.Â This is arguably our peer group.Â To reach this average we would have had to spend an additional â¬15.5 billion.
[Note:Â some will say that defence spending should also be factored in as other European countries spend more than us.Â This is true.Â In the EU-15, defence spending makes up approximately 1.3 percent of GDP; itâs 0.4 percent in Ireland.Â In any event, defence spending is a policy choice and, in my opinion, shouldnât be excluded from comparisons.Â But if you insist, knock off about â¬1.5 billion off the numbers above.]
In 2014, it could be argued that we are already a low-spend economy but as I wrote here, the situation could actually be worse. Â I have reservations about Seamusâs method.Â Excluding old age expenditure not only removes the demographic driven part of overall spending, it removes policy choices.Â Most other EU-15 countries spend more on elderly per capita than we do.Â Second, if we are to adjust for the elderly population, then we should also adjust for youth demographics.Â In Ireland, under-20s make up 28 percent of the population, compared to 21 percent in the EU-15.Â
A story I wrote for the 2016 series on the Dark Mountain blog where seven different writers have been stepping outside the bubble of instant opinion to reflect on the wider significance of a turbulent year.
âI used to care but things have changedâ â Bob Dylan
âThe dead lie in layers beneath us,â said Tony Dias, âand influence all our actions.â We were in a schoolroom in Ry in northern Denmark, and I was teaching a class about deep time. The students were sitting in a circle, each taking up position in the calendar of the year, discussing how each station affected them. It is the end of October and the writer and philosopher is sitting in the position of the ancestors, also known as Samhain or Halloween. I am at winter solstice. We are holding a conversation about the end of things, which makes sense as people who met through Dark Mountain and as the oldest people in the room. I talk about restoration and composting the past and he talks about the oceans, how oil has come out of an anaerobic process, so doesnât break down and feed life. âIt is a zombie fuel,â he says.
Afterwards we will climb into canoes and silently cross the lake to the woods where the class will fan out and encounter the wild spaces on their own. The copper leaves of the beech trees will shower down on our endeavour to connect with the living, breathing planet. A lot of the students will have problems getting beyond the whirl of their technology-driven minds.
âEverything is hitting against that zenith of the summer solstice and resisting the fall,â remarks Tony. âThe violence and destruction happens, so everyone can jump the process and begin again.â
For the last two weeks I have switched off the computer, and tried to look back at this tumultuous year from the perspective of where I live, a small lane in East Anglia on the edge of England. Most of my working and social life is done via this machine, so when I go offline the world and its headlines vanish. The physical place comes closer, and with it a depth of perception that all the buzzy discussion about politics and celebrity, about money, about the end of globalisation, never allow in. You get a sense of the mood of the times.
One thing is clear: you canât skip the fall, no matter how much you try.
The growing year came and went down the lane. The machines thundered past our windows, wresting commodities of peas, sugar beet, maize and wheat from the clay. The hawthorns and wild roses put on a beautiful show in the hedgerows, though the cold spring meant many of the growersâ roadside stalls would be closed by September. On May morning Mark, Josiah and I went to a tiny meadow of frosted green-winged orchids, marooned in an industrial prairie of barley. When the sun rose a hare bounded past and the skylarks sang above us. We realised that none of us could call ourselves community activists anymore. Our attention was on other things, but the place still connected us, in ways we had no words for.
The lane is one of a series of lanes behind the village church, skirting reed beds and broads that were shaped by the Ice Age 12,000 years ago. It houses a few indigenous Suffolk families who have lived here for generations, but mostly well-off incomers who live in converted barns and cottages and have a penchant for lacquered willow fencing. This year the suburbanisation continues its mission creep, replacing bird-singing scrub with ponies and crunchy driveways. Delivery trucks chew up the verges. The outdoor lights flare a ghoulish green into the night, on the once elegant Queen Anne facade of the big house on the corner, now owned by a multi-millionaire clothing entrepreneur from Jamaica. The field opposite our house, known as Hare Field, has been enclosed with a rabbit-proof fence, so now we look at meshed wire where once we caught sight of the wild creatures bounding past. The big ash trees have begun to die back.
It is not what it was when we came. It has devolved, said Mark.
I donât like to think about that much and keep my eyes up into the sky, tracking the geese coming in from Siberia, the fly past of jackdaws at dawn, the light which reflects amber and gold on the trunks of the oaks as the sun goes down. But I canât not look. The lane is part of brutal Britain, the rabbit-proof fence is all fences in Europe that keep out the unwanted, the pesticide-wrecked soil, every industrialised arable field in the world, the felled and dying trees, all forests killed to maintain our zombie lifestyle.
And he is right. It was more beautiful. There were more creatures â hedgehogs and stoats and hares. You could hear nightingales singing in May. Butterflies once covered the buddleia in August. David Moyse, the villageâs history man and steeple keeper, would wave to us as we cycled by and give us green tomatoes for chutney. It was wilder, more country, sweeter.
It was still feudal though. You still had to deal with a frequency loaded with ancient snobbery and hostility. Us, the landowners with our gamekeepers and huge cars and you, renters, with your second-hand boots and pesky questions about RoundUp. Some things donât change. Some things havenât changed in England for a thousand years or more.
There was a period in the community activist years when there was a kind of bridge with some of the people in the lane, where I could be enthusiastic about non-threatening subjects like give and take days and community gardens and share jars of foraged damson jam, so long as I didnât push the climate change, fossil fuel dependence thing, or talk about factory farming or flying. So long as I could say how calm and blue the sea was this year, the best swimming year in a decade, and not mention the sandy cliffs at Easton Bavents that continued to fall into the waves.
But in 2016 that bridge fell down. What do you do? had became a conversational mine-field:
âOh, an editor, how interesting, and whatâs the Dark Mountain Project?â âWeâre a network of artists and writers looking at social and environmental collapse...â
Which is why I canât really tell you what is being discussed this season down the lane. I have to travel elsewhere to have those conversations.
Here I am today in Colchester in early November meeting Christian Brett for the first time. For three years weâve worked together shaping and producing the Dark Mountain books via the telephone, long conversations between a tower block in Rochdale and a tied cottage in East Anglia. He is setting up an installation called âThe Sound of Stones in the Glasshouseâ, a work he conceived with the artist Gee Vaucher whose âIntrospectiveâ is about to open at the townâs modern art gallery. Itâs a bold, uncompromising work: a glasshouse made of panels engraved with the names of every intervention the US military has made in the last 100 years. Around the walls are excerpts of presidential inaugural speeches talking about freedom and democracy and the numbers of the dead caused by wars on their watch. In the centre of the glasshouse a video of soldiers emerging out of a trench plays on a loop, and a patch of bare earth.
We go for lunch and talk and it feels the same as it does on the phone, except weâre not looking at computer screens, weâre looking at each other. The rain falls down on the capital of Roman Britain, now a nexus for the modern Armed Forces. The show was opening on the 11th.
If you are an artist, or a writer, you have to see differently from the conventional world that appears to own and control everything. You have to look outside the echo chambers, beyond the burning issues of the day, beyond the headlines, into something deeper, more intrinsic, not bound in time. You have to see what Sebald once called the 'Rings of Saturn', as he walked down the Suffolk coastline, the machine of history that crushes us in its talons.
âHave you got Mr Trump in the wings?â I ask. âWe have them both ready,â he replies.
In the space of a year two people I used to be close to took their own lives. What struck me when I remembered them wasnât to do with their brilliance as editors and designers, or their long struggles with mental illness. It was about their presence and their intensity, a certain kind of intimacy you rarely experience with people. It felt as if their spirits had burned out of control, like a forest fire, and no-one knew how to deal with the blaze. It felt that whenever you leave out what you most love about people, our deep feeling natures, what used to be called the soul, something always crashes. It crashes in individuals and in collectives and in nations. The spirit of this trauma lives in all of us by virtue of being born into the system. No one escapes that, not the rich, not the poor, not the powerful, nor the meek. The question we face as Rome falls is: how can we speak with each other and get out of the cycle?
When I switch off the machine and the headlines recede, I realise we are not in a political crisis; we are in a spiritual crisis, an existential crisis. We donât know what it means to be human anymore. We have lost contact with the meaning of time, our presence here. How can we be human in a collapsing world? How can I be female outside the patriarchy? How can I matter in a community where I am one of the unnecessariat, the precariat, part of the low-income, left behind, just about managing, tax credited, zero-contract gig economy?
When I switch off the machine, I step out into the lane and walk into the twilight. You can feel everything more closely in the dark, especially the trees, your senses open up, your feet feel the ground, the wind coming from the south. Venus outshines the glow of the brewery distribution centre on the horizon. Thatâs when I realise that to this place, I matter. My presence, my intense engagement matters. To the dead, to the ancestors I matter. To consciousness, to the fabric of life I matter. We matter. That is no small thing.
What we need is a new social contract.
In the spiritual years â I guess that was mostly the '90s â I slept in moon lodges and dreamed of medicine people and Cathars and Indian gods, and I sang and danced alongside a band of fellow seekers moving through the great landscapes of the Americas. We were searching for a deeper relationship with the world and our âhard yoga for the earthâ, as Gary Snyder once described it, pushed us into some very difficult corners, not least among ourselves. We spent a lot of time dealing with the karma of our families and connecting with indigenous medicine plants. We all thought, foolishly, that the collective shift of consciousness we yearned for would somehow just happen. We were coming from the future and had been born into the past. We thought we could travel forever and live in bamboo huts on the sides of sacred mountains, but history or destiny dragged us back to our home countries. The ancestors told us: those who caused the problem have to deal with it. And then they disappeared.
The problem, we knew, wasnât going to have a neat solution, like a mindfulness class you could do every Tuesday. I am another yourself was not a mantra: it meant going through all the files your cultural history threw at you, being treated like an exile, losing most of your dignity and your spending power, and then having to start over again. Few of us wanted to go through the emotional mangle that would make us human. Most of us resisted the fall in our own ways and stalled.
When we said we were looking for a new narrative, we meant we were looking for a new language. At some point we knew the theory would have to become practice. We were waiting for something to move.
'Strange attractors' are so called because they make a particular shape in phase space which radically alters the dynamics of a system, sometimes called the shape of uncertainty. Strange attractors allow chaos to break up rigid forms and create new ones. Civilisations by their design are fixed systems living within vast non-linear systems. Fatal attractions are their undoing.
Strange attractors, as we might have noticed in 2016, donât always look like the pleasing butterfly shapes you see in chaos theory manuals. They have bad haircuts and bad attitude and send shockwaves through social media. Their chief characteristic is that they hold all the missing information, so when they exert their influence they challenge the order that is dependant on certain things kept out of the picture. In 2016 a lot of missing people suddenly appeared in the picture that had excluded them for aeons and did the only thing that the Establishment allowed them to do: they voted. For decades the dispossessed of North Americaâs Rust Belt and Englandâs factory towns have held the collective shadow of the classes above them, so the multicultural hi-tech uberfolk of the metropolis could shop and tweet and travel with impunity.
In 2016 a lot of those '90s words like transformation and chaos became a way to look at the string of political events that had crashed the world views of the privileged. The shadow had reeled into the open. Nigredo is the first stage of alchemy, bringing to light the dark materia that needs to be transformed. The nigredo is a scary moment. You have to know how to negotiate it. When the hidden rage of millions is unleashed â generations of people humiliated, derided, told they are worthless and have no future â you have to hold fast to your humanity. Here be dragons. You canât be righteous and float above this scary territory, because that fury is in you and me. No-one in the system escapes its hostility. You can refuse to carry the shadow of your culture, only if you have dealt with it yourself, only if you are not still blaming mummy and daddy and your first boyfriend and that prick in HR who doesnât recognise your true value. Only the system wins in the system.
Nigredo is all about the reveal. When the US election result is announced it feels less scary than 2008 when everyone was whooping with joy and hope about the future. Trump entered stage right, the pantomime villain, the bad cop, to loud hisses from the gallery, but the exiting good cop with his suave saviour style had been less easy to discern. However, as the Glasshouse reminds us, all cops are cops when it comes to âfull spectrum dominanceâ. The Empire is the Empire whatever country you now live in. We are all Romans and all slaves.
This alchemical moment has nothing to do with social justice, or environmentalism or any of the grassrootsy stuff I have found myself advocating during last decade. There are initiatives and networks around the world focussing on these worthy things, but none of this transforms anything if we are the same people inside, if we havenât dealt with our stuff â as we used to say in the '90s â if we havenât uncivilised ourselves, made contact with the layers of dead under our feet, in the sky, in the rivers. If we havenât stood with the Lakota, or with the yew trees, with the rainbow serpent, with the glacier, with the tawny owl. If we havenât found a way to dismantle the belief systems that keep us trapped in the cycles of history, if we havenât dealt with our insatiable desire for power and attention and found ways to live more lightly on the planet, we are not going to make it through this stage. And it is a 'we' because, in England at least, we are on a very crowded island and no matter how much we say we donât like our neighbours, they live next door.
In 2016 I am 60 years old and do not collect my bus pass.
âIn the old days we would be putting our feet up by now Ellen,â I say, hauling another sack of Issue 10 into the Post Office. âDonât get me started,â says Ellen.
On my birthday I go in search of foxgloves on Walberswick Common. It has been a peerless year for bluebells and primroses and seakale, the wild flowers I track each year. But foxgloves are nowhere to be seen. I curse as I stumble over burned gorse and birch tree stumps. Bloody management systems! If I had been more attentive I would have remembered that foxglove is a heart medicine and this was the site of a brutal enclosure in 1624 and known as Bloody Marsh. I hear their strangulated voices first, and then I see the group, walking down the old railway track as if they owned the whole planet, and before I know it a fury surges through my chest: why donât you people fuck off back to London!
âIt wasnât just me,â I say when I find Mark again. Itâs not just the repressed violence inside ourselves that roars out of our mouth in the nigredo, it is the rage of the dead. We have a task to recognise that. Take notice.
That night I watch moon daisies swaying under the starlight, under the influence of the tiny English liberty cap. The silver sea is breathing in and out, you can taste the salt on the night air. Itâs summer solstice and everything is peaking, reaching its ultimate growing moment. The 12-foot hogweed at the end of the garden lifts its giant head to the full moon. Hooligan flower, outlaw flower, shining with light. En-ger-land En-ger-land!
âWhat?â says Mark. âSomething is revving up!â I say, laughing. Something is shifting gear.
I canât say we felt the shock about the referendum vote to leave Europe in the lane a few days afterwards. Nor about the result of the US election later in the year. No-one spoke about it. People were no more racist than before, nor any less fond of French wine or Danish crime thrillers, or Ravi the baker, or SeÃ±or Vila the dentist, or the Polish bus driver whose name we donât know on the 99 bus to Lowestoft. The white and blue postcard town carried on serving the rich weekenders from the city. The day-trippers kept eating the disappearing cod and chips down by the pier. The small shops, hammered with higher rents and rates, continued to be replaced by chains and boutiques selling high-end sailor tops and childrenâs clothes manufactured in China. The hospital and the police station remained closed. The Post Office lost its crown status and the staff had to wear corporate-style uniforms and work on Sundays. The delivery drivers looked more and more harassed as they took our boxes of books from the door. The Library held sales to keep open. Nothing was secure.
In May the asparagus, once picked by the women from the surrounding villages, was gathered by bands of young Eastern Europeans. They pick and sort fast and are gone when the season is over, carrying home pay packets that are worth more in their own countries â a scenario that is played out across the flinty vegetable fields of the Eastern seaboard, in Norfolk and Lincolnshire. No one knows where this will end. If you have been to the jobseeker centre recently in Lowestoft you might guess who will be picking asparagus in the future and for whom. No-one will care however if this person is you.
When I boarded the boat train at Harwich I breathed a sigh of relief. It was a moment of homecoming that I never had when I was a traveller, when England was a country I wanted to get away from. The carriage was shabbier than any in IKEA Europe, and air on the platform smelled of winter, of salt and rain and green. The conductor walked down the passageway and three men who were travelling together and drinking beers laughed out loud. No-one had laughed on those Dutch and Danish trains and no-one had made an entrance like that, a deliberate music hall swagger down the aisle, like a rolling English road, like the curve of the Oxfordshire hills, almost, you could say, hobbity. Not of this time, nor of this dimension.
A door that seemed shut in the schoolroom in Denmark suddenly swung open. A joy ripped through me. The mythos was still here!
You can look at nature, the writer Richard Mabey once wrote, as a tragedy or a comedy. It depends on your point of view. The character of a people is not the same as a society hamstrung by a corporate global economy. As the curtain closes on 2016, itâs worth bearing in mind that the drama changes tack the moment we give up our high tragic roles and become ordinary players. Itâs true, comedy is used to paper over the dark things, to make light of serious matters; the Empire has used entertainment to distract people forever. Strictly Britain is not very militaristic, as George Orwell once noted. Weâre more interested in theatrics which is why we are such dismal suckers for Punch and Judy politics and royal parades, even as the joke is so often on us. Thatâs the way to do it!
However comedy is not just about laughing, or poking fun, it is seeing life from a certain perspective, with heart. It gives an agency to situations where tragedy can only offer a solitary death, it reminds us above all that life is an ensemble act that brings affection, even in the hardest times. We are in this show together. Tickets please, ladies and gentlemen.
In spite of everything, I realised I wanted to go home to the lane. Though the Empire will keep telling me I do not belong, I know that I do. And no kind of politics will take that relationship away. I am not going anywhere else. I am not a nationalist, a flag waver, a patriot, I donât know what âBritish valuesâ are, I canât tell you the names of any football players or newscasters or the kinds of questions aspiring UK citizens are tested on. But I can love this place, these marsh birds, these oaks. I can cohere in a fragmenting time, I can remember in a forgetting time. We donât need a grand vision, another story right now, we need to get through the nigredo, the seismic shaking of the jar, and allow the seeds we hold inside us to break open their coats.
Afterwards will come the albedo, the deep memory of water, and the rubedo, the solarising forces, the warmth and light of the sun. We will unfurl ourselves then. All is good, all is return, all is regeneration in alchemy. We just have to have the stomach for the work. We have to trust that whatever happens in our small lives, whatever move we make to undo the unkindness of centuries will affect the whole picture, that we are not on our own. Everything matters. The ancestors are behind us: all good comedies end in a dance, they say.
Pictures: âMidsummer Eve Bonfireâ, after c.1917, by Nikolai Astrup (from Painting Norway at Dulwich Picture Gallery); 'The Stones in the Glasshouse' by Christian Brett and Gee Vaucher (photo: Douglas Atfield/Firstsiteâ ); feather at Base Camp, Dark Mountain gathering at Embecombe, Devon (photo: Warren Draper); excerpt from the documentary, Human by Yann Arthus-Bertrand.
Day in Copenhagen is being held in Denmark on June 1, 2010. This full-day event will
provide an opportunity for senior technical developers, architects and managers in the finance
industry to learn how to better leverage Eclipse technology and the Eclipse community as part
of their development strategy. Eclipse experts and leading financial institutions such as
Danske Bank, JP Morgan and Nordea will present what work they are doing with Eclipse.
December 6-12 is the last week for Eclipse DemoCamps. There were 33 events
on the schedule this series - the most ever! It's not too late to catch up on the latest and greatest
in Eclipse with these last 3 DemoCamps:
Setelah kemarin sempat menulis Cara Mengajukan Visa China di Surabaya, pada kesempatan ini aku akan berbagi pengalamanku kembali mengurus Visa Schengen di VFS Global Belanda Surabaya. Sebelum mengajukan Visa Schengen ini, aku sering searching informasi di google dan mendapati postingan blogger yang menceritakan pengalamannya apply visa itu sangat-sangat membantu. Jadi lewat postingan ini aku ingin balas budi, supaya bisa membantu teman-teman lainnya yang mau mengajukan Visa Schengen juga.
Mendapatkan Visa Schengen mungkin adalah salah satu hal yang paling membahagiakan untukku. Karena inilah pertama kali aku akan ke Eropa dan bisa backpackeran di luar Asia. Meskipun sampai detik ini belum beli tiket (karena hampir semua harga tiket melambung tinggi dikarenakan waktu keberangkatanku mendekati waktu lebaran), belum booking bus, pesawat, selama disana, ditambah sedikit masalah terjadi sewaktu aku akan refund tiketku Kuala Lumpur - Moscow - Kuala Lumpur via Traveloka, tapi aku memandang semuanya dengan optimis.
Aku mengajukan Visa Schengen via VFS Global Surabaya (perwakilan Belanda, Belgia dan Luksemburg) yang beralamat di Lantai 15 R.1506 Garaha Pena Surabaya. Lokasi Graha Pena sendiri berada di Jalan Ahmad Yani No 88, cukup dekat dari Terminal Bungurasih (naik gojek pakai Gopay cuma Rp 6000). Alasan klasik mengajukan di VFS Global Belanda Surabaya, selain karena aku memang mau mengunjungi Belanda, juga karena aku malas ke Jakarta. Karena domisiliku di Surabaya Pusat, aku cukup naik motor saja ke Gedung Graha Pena (daripada naik kereta atau pesawat ke Jakarta kan, mehooong hehehe).
Jadi langkah pertama yang harus teman lakukan untuk mencari update/informasi terbaru mengenai ketentuan visa, persyaratan lengkap visa, biaya pembuatan visa, hari kerja, hari libur, jam penyerahan aplikasi/pengambilan paspor, maka teman harus menuju ke situs resmi VFS Global Surabaya disini.
Jika teman sudah masuk ke website resmi VFS Global, maka tampilan diatas adalah tampilan yang akan muncul. Terdapat tiga langkah sederhana untuk pengajuan visa ke Belanda yakni 1) Mengetahui Tipe Visa Anda 2) Cara Mengajukan Aplikasi Visa dan 3) Setelah Pengajuan Aplikasi Visa.
1) Mengetahui Tipe Visa Anda
Jika Anda ingin mengunjungi Belanda untuk waktu yang singkat, Anda harus memperoleh visa untuk masuk jika Anda datang dari negara dengan persyaratan visa untuk datang ke Belanda.
Visa biasanya memberi Anda hak untuk tinggal di seluruh wilayah Schengen. Negara-negara Schengen adalah: Austria, Belgia, Republik Ceko, Denmark, Estonia, Finlandia, Perancis, Jerman, Yunani, Hungaria, Islandia, Italia, Latvia, Lithuania, Luksemburg, Malta, Belanda, Norwegia, Polandia, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spanyol, Swedia dan Swiss. Visa dapat memberikan Anda hak untuk menghabiskan maksimal 90 hari per 6 bulan di wilayah Schengen.
Semua aplikasi visa harus ditandatangani oleh pemohon yang bersangkutan.
Semua bagan dalam formulir aplikasi harus diisi dengan benar, formulir yang tidak lengkap dapat membuat proses berjalan lebih lambat bahkan penolakan.
Kedutaan berhak untuk meminta dokumen serta informasi tambahan saat memproses aplikasi.
Warga negara Non-Indonesia harus tinggal secara legal di Indonesia, baik atas dasar visa untuk Indonesia atau ijin kerja / tinggal yang sah di Indonesia.
Paspor harus berlaku minimal 3 bulan setelah berakhirnya visa.
Huruf berwarna biru adalah ketentuan umum yang ada di website VFS Global Surabaya. Jadi tipe visa ke Belanda itu ada beberapa seperti:
Visa Turis (yang akan saya jabarkan di postingan ini),
Aplikasi-aplikasi visa untuk negara Belanda, Belgia dan Luxembourg diterima di Pusat Aplikasi Visa negeri Belanda. Mohon menjadwalkan perjanjian kepada pusat aplikasi visa sebelum melakukan penyerahan.
Buat janji temu untuk menyerahkan dokumen aplikasi di Pusat Aplikasi Visa (Wajib). Anda Wajib membuat janji temu terlebih dahulu sebelum melakukan aplikasi . Pelayanan ini tidak dikenakan biaya akan tetapi tergantung dari ketersediaan tempat. Untuk membuat perjanjian, silahkan klik di sini
Untuk informasi lebih lengkap mengenai pembuatan Janji Temu, mohon klik di sini.
Sebelum aplikasi mohon memastikan anda sudah jelas sekali âmaksud kunjunganâ anda â ingatlah kami ada untuk membantu dan menolong anda melalui proses aplikasi visa secara keseluruhan tetapi tidak diizinkan untuk memberi advis atau memandu anda mengenai pemilihan kategori visa. Karena pekerjaan utama kami adalah bersifat administratif kami tidak mempunyai hak apa pun apakah anda akan diberi visa dan berapa lama diperlukan untuk memproses aplikasi anda karena hal itu secara keseluruhan merupakan prerogatif Kedutaan atau Konsulat.
Mohon ke link âJenis-Jenis Visaâ untuk mengerti rincian berbagai macam visa.
Mohon pastikan anda telah membaca pemberitahuan-pemberitahuan peraturan keamanan sebelum anda mengunjungi Pusat Aplikasi Visa. Mohon dicatat: direkomendasikan untuk menyerahkan aplikasi jauh sebelum tanggal kepergian yang diperkirakan. Semua pemohon visa direkomendasikan untuk mengkonfirmasi rencana perjalanan mereka hanya setelah memperoleh visa.
Diperlukan secara rata-rata 15 hari kalender untuk memutuskan permohonan aplikasi-aplikasi visa. Mungkin akan ada penangguhan sesuai dengan musim dan jenis visa.
Mohon dicatat: Setelah aplikasi untuk Visa, pemohon tidak dapat meminjam paspor mereka dari Kedutaan.
Juga mohon merencanakan kepergian lain anda HANYA setelah menerima kembali paspor anda dari Kedutaan.
Huruf berwarna biru adalah ketentuan umum cara mengajukan aplikasi visa yang ada di website VFS Global Surabaya, sedangkan huruf hitam adalah apa yang saya lakukan dan siapkan berdasarkan syarat tersebut. Sekarang mari kita rincikan langkah demi langkah sesuai dengan yang saya lakukan pada Mei 2017 lalu.
A. Sebelum melakukan Langkah 1, membuat janji temu dengan VFS Global Belanda Surabaya, maka pemohon harus menyiapkan persyaratan-persyaratan Visa Schengen terlebih dahulu. Syarat lengkapnya bisa dilihat disini. Daftar syarat tersebut berbentuk PDF, dan daftar itu pula yang akan digunakan oleh petugas VFS untuk mengecek kelengkapan pemohon. Di bawah ini adalah dokumen-dokumen yang kupersiapkan sebelum membuat janji temu: PERSYARATAN VISA SCHENGEN VIA BELANDA (Mei 2017):
1. Formulir Pengajuan Visa Schengen yang sudah diisi lengkap dan ditandatangani. Formulir aplikasi Schengen bisa didownload disini. 2. Paspor asli dengan masa berlaku minimal 3 bulan, tapi untuk jaga-jaga sebaiknya masa berlaku paspor minimal 6 bulan. Hal itu dikarenakan penerbangan ke Eropa pasti akan transit (entah di Kuala Lumpur, Singapura, Doha, Abu Dhabi, Istanbul, dll), sehingga untuk menghindari penolakan penerbangan. Kemudian paspor anda harus setidaknya mempunyai 2 halaman kosong, 1 halaman untuk stiker visa, 1 halaman untuk cap ketibaan/kepergian. Aturan untuk paspor menurut Kedutaan Belanda adalah sebagai berikut: > Paspor atau dokumen travel anda harus valid setidaknya 3 bulan sejak tanggal anda meninggalkan Area Schengen. > Paspor atau dokumen travel anda setidaknya harus mempunyai 2 halaman kosong. > Paspor atau dokumen travel anda tidak boleh dikeluarkan lebih dari 10 tahun yang lalu. Paspor asli tersebut harus dilengkapi dengan: > Fotocopi halaman detail informasi pribadi (halaman depan paspor) > Fotocopi Visa-visa sebelumnya yang pernah dipunyai dari semua cap masuk/cap keluar (saya fotocopi semua visa dan cap masuk di semua halaman paspor saya) > Fotocopy Halaman detail informasi pribadi paspor yang pernah dimiliki sebelumnya beserta visa-visanya 3. Jika anda mengajukan Visa Schengen untuk anak anda yang akan traveling sendiri atau hanya ditemani dengan 1 orangtua, mohon untuk menambahkan dokumen berikut ini (saya langsung copi dari Bahasa Inggrisnya supaya tidak membuat perbedaan pemahaman.Jika anda akan traveling sendiri/traveling dengan teman/traveling dengan anak dan suami/istri anda, maka tahap ini dapat dilewati. > An extract of the minorâs birth certificate. > An identity document bearing the parentsâ signature (1document for each parent). > A declaration of consent from both parents, stating that the minor can travel. > If relevant: a court judgement stating which parent has been allocated parental responsibility for the minor. > If relevant: a declaration from the minorâs school consenting to his/her absence. 4. Bukti Tempat Tinggal Resmi > Evidence of legal residence in the country you are applying from, e.g. a passport, visa or residence permit and a copy. Residence permit should be valid for at least 3 months after departure from Schengen. > Work permit (if applicable). Aku cukup bingung pada tahap ini, bagi WNI maksudnya KTP , KK dan Akta Lahir. Jadi aku memberikan fotocopi ketiganya dan translate Bahasa Inggrisnya yang kubuat sendiri (tidak perlu penerjemah tersumpah - Mei 2017). Contoh Translate KTP, KK dan Akta Lahir bisa didownload di bawah ini: Terjemahan KTP dan KK Terjemahan Akta Lahir 5. Foto 3,5 x 4,5 cm yang memenuhi persyaratan foto Kedutaan Belanda. Foto ini tidak boleh diambil lebih dari 6 bulan yang lalu dan harus jelas. Ketentuan foto lebih lanjut silahkan dilihat disini. Background foto putih. Saran saya, fotolah di studio foto yang mempunyai nama ternama. Dijamin foto tidak akan salah. Bilang saja untuk pengajuan Visa Schengen.
5. BUKTI PERJALANAN > Itinerary Travel (Reservasi perjalanan menuju dan meninggalkan Area Schengen atas nama anda, bukan tiket). Maksudnya adalah reservasi tiket pesawat menuju dan meninggalkan area Schengen. Reservasi tiket pesawat gratis bisa dilakukan sendiri via website Turkish Airline atau KLM. Reservasi ini sebaiknya jangan dibayar dahulu, tetapi menunggu keputusan visa keluar atau tidak. Hal yang menjadi perhatian, karena saya apply melalui Kedutaan Besar Belanda, maka supaya lebih meyakinkan saya buat reservasi tiket pesawat saya Jakarta - Amsterdam - Jakarta menggunakan Turkish Airline. Keuntungan membuat reservasi di Turkish Airline adalah, reservasi tersebut bisa bertahan selama seminggu. Jadi cukuplah waktunya sampai berkas kita diterima oleh Pejabat di Kedutaan Belanda. Tips lainnya, sebaiknya reservasi tersebut penerbangannya berasal dari Indonesia, jangan Malaysia atau Singapura. Contoh tiket hasil reservasi di website Turkish Airline yang kubawa ke VFS Global. >Itinerary/rencana perjalanan. Karena mengajukan visa di Kedutaan Belanda, maka Belanda haruslah negara yang pertama kali anda kunjungi atau paling lama anda kunjungi. Contoh itinerary yang kumasukkan ke dalam aplikasiku adalah sebagai berikut:
> Dokumen-dokumen yang membuktikan bahwa kunjungan anda adalah untuk tujuan turisme. Selain reservasi tiket pesawat, itinerary perjalanan, reservasi hotel, asuransi kesehatan, saya juga menyertakan surat izin dari atasan saya yang menyatakan bahwa saya bepergian untuk traveling ke Eropa dari tanggal 23 Juni sd 4 Juli dan akan kembali bekerja setelah pulang dari Eropa. Contoh surat keterangan kerja dan surat izin dari atasan yang kubawa ke VFS Global. > Reservasi penginapan/hotel selama durasi kunjungan. Ini sangat mudah, kunjungi saja booking.com dan booking saja hotel yang bisa dibatalkan gratis (free cancellation). Hal yang harus diperhatikan, bookingan tersebut jangan terburu-buru dibatalkan setelah aplikasi diserahkan ke VFS. Batalkan setelah keputusan visa anda keluar. > Surat Pernyataan dari Bank tentang Transaksi Rekening 3 bulan terakhir (dalam Bahasa Inggris) Karena status saya pegawai pemerintahan, maka saya menggunakan Rekening Bank Jatim. Sewaktu saya meminta pernyataan transaksi 3 bulan terakhir, mereka hanya memberikan surat pernyataan yang menyatakan bahwa rekening saya aktif, tidak ada kata-kata jumlah uang di debet terakhir. Akhirnya saya memberikan surat pernyataan tersebut ditambahkan fotocopi buku tabungan 3 bulan terakhir. Waktu itu itinerary saya 12 hari, dan jumlah uang di rekening sekitar Rp 63 juta. > Jika anda pekerja, surat pernyataan dari atasan anda yang menyatakan waktu absen anda. Ini mudah, anda hanya perlu meminta surat pernyataan bekerja dari kantor anda, ditandatangan oleh Manajer/HRD/Sekretaris Dinas (untuk yang bekerja di Kantor Pemerintahan). Jangan lupa diberi cap. Contoh punya saya seperti ini:
> Dokumen-dokumen yang membuktikan bahwa anda akan kembali ke negara anda setelah perjalanan selesai. Contohnya (dari website VFS): â¢ A recent declaration from your employer, an employment contract or other information proving you are employed in your country of origin. â¢ A document proving you are in education or training in your country of origin. â¢ A document proving your children attend school in your country of origin. â¢ A document proving you have a home or other immovable property in your country of origin. â¢ A document proving you are a caregiver in your country of origin . Kalau saya, ini saya satu paketkan dengan surat pernyataan dari kantor seperti format diatas. Karena di surat pernyataan kantor diatas sudah saya sebutkan bahwa saya adalah pegawai kantor saya dan akan kembali ke Indonesia setelah menyelesaikan perjalanan saya.
6. BUKTI ASURANSI KESEHATAN Bukti asuransi kesehatan ini mencakup dokumen resmi dari penjamin asuransi anda yang membuktikan bahwa: a. Ketentuan tentang asuransi kesehatan tertulis atas nama anda. b. Asuransi ada valid digunakan di Area Schengen selama durasi kunjungan anda. c. Tanggungan uang kesehatan yang bisa diklaim setidaknya 30.000 euro, termasuk perawatan rumah sakit, penanganan keadaan darurat dan termasuk pemulangan (termasuk kematian). Untuk asuransi kesehatan, kemarin aku memakai asuransi AXA Gold dengan tanggungan maksimal Rp 3.000.000.000. Kebetulan dapat pas promo cuma Rp 130.000 untuk setahun. Satu tips untuk asuransi, jika membeli online dan mendapatkan konfirmasi dan asuransinya via email, yang diprint dan dibawa ke VFS Global jangan hanya halaman iktisar polis dan konfirmasi polis saja ya, tapi termasuk rincian tabel biaya santunan dan yang halaman yang menyatakan jumlah maksimal tanggungan. 7. VISA Visa, Izin tinggal atau paspor yang memberi anda izin masuk ke tujuan akhir anda setelah mengunjungi Area Schengen. Karena tujuan akhirku adalah negara tercinta, Indonesia, maka ya cuma butuh paspor itu sendiri. 8. PEMBAYARAN Pembayaran biaya visa pada saat mengajukan aplikasi. Sewaktu aku mengajukan Mei 2017 kemarin, biayanya sebesar Rp 1.200.000, meliputi 60 euro untuk biaya visa itu sendiri dan sisanya untuk biaya pemrosesan VFS. Jika menambah pemberitahuan sms, menambah Rp 20.000. B. Setelah mempersiapkan persyaratan seperti diatas dan membuat janji temu disini, saya datang pada waktu perjanjian yang telah ditentukan (17 Mei 2017) dengan membawa syarat-syarat ke VFS Global Belanda Surabaya. VFS Global Belanda Surabaya di Lantai 15 R.1506 Garaha Pena Surabaya. Lokasi Graha Pena sendiri berada di Jalan Ahmad Yani No 88. Untuk parkir motor berada di sebelah barat KFC. C. Begitu masuk Gedung Graha Pena, saya langsung naik ke Lantai 15 dan menuju kantor VFS Global. Saat masuk ke dalam, seorang satpam wanita yang sangat ramah langsung menyapa saya dan menanyakan lembar konfirmasi janji temu saya. Setelahnya dilakukan pemeriksaan badan singkat dan isi tas. Dari sini, HP harus dinonaktifkan dan dilarang memotret di dalam. D. Masuk ke dalam ruangan VFS, di dalam sudah menunggu beberapa orang yang akan mengajukan Visa Schengen juga. Berdebar rasanya hati ini, sekaligus senang. Waah, akhirnya ane bisa juga mengajukan visa ini setelah sekian lama hanya bermimpi hehe. Akhirnya satpam yang lain, yang tidak kalah ramah juga, memanggil saya kemudian meminta lembar konfirmasi janji temu saya untuk digantikan dengan nomor urut dan secarik kertas. E. Setelah menunggu sejenak, akhirnya nama saya dipanggil oleh Mbak VFS. Saya langsung menyerahkan berkas-berkas persyaratan yang sudah saya siapkan. Mbak VFS dengan sigap memeriksa berkas saya dengan sangat ramah. Mbak VFS : "Ini asuransinya asli ya?" Saya : " Iya asli mbak. Saya beli online dan dapat soft copinya." Mbak VFS : " Pergi sendiri atau sama teman?" Saya : "Sama teman mbak, ini sebelah saya." (dan akhirnya teman saya ini membatalkan perjalanan sehingga saya terpaksa solo traveling huhu) Sembari bertanya, Mbak VFS terus menegtik-ngetik informasi di PCnya. Dan ane lega setengah mati saat dia mencetak lembar konfirmasi permohonan. Berarti lengkap sudah syarat ane, nggak perlu bolak-balik untuk melengkapi syarat. Setelah membayar Rp 1.220.000, saya menunggu kembali di bangku untuk menunggu pengumpulan data biometrik. F. Menunggu beberapa saat. akhirnya saya dipanggil oleh seorang Bapak untuk pengumpulan data biometrik (foto dan cap jari). Saat masuk ke ruangannya tiba-tiba tegang juga ya hehehe, takutnya ane diwawancara macam-macam dan kalau jawabnya gugup maka aplikasi bisa ditolak. Tapi ternyata disini ane cuma ditanya tanggal lahir aja, kemudian foto dan cap jari. Selesai. Gitu doank. G. Tahap F merupakan tahapan terakhir dalam pengajuan Visa Schengen di VFS Global Surabaya. Setelah ini tinggal tahap penantian, apakah Visa Schengenku diterima atau ditolak? Hanya Kedutaan Belanda yang tahu... Hehehehe...Waktu pemrosesan sekitar 2 minggu, cukup lama karena paspor dan aplikasi kita akan dikirimkan ke Kuala Lumpur dahulu. UPDATE: 18 Mei 2017 Email dari VFS Global
31 Mei 2017 Email dari VFS Global
2 Juni 2017 Yeaaaaahhhh... Visa Schengeku granted. Thank you GOD.....! Dikasih 3 bulan kurang.... rencana perjalanan yang kutulis di aplikasi 24 Juni 2017 sd 4 Juli 2017, diberi visa dari 22 Juni 2017 sd 6 Agustus 2017. Lumayanlah!
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