The ECB Gave Cyprus Its Gun To Play Russian Roulette        
Cyprus is now holding the ECB’s gun to its own head. Either way, in the end, it will pull the trigger.
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Procedural Text        
Fun little experiment.

Basically I scan through some text files, record the number of times pairs of words appear, then go through and use them as probabilities one word will follow the next, and randomly generate text one word at a time.

Here's the result of Homer's Odyssey + Tucker Max's "I Hope they Serve Beer in Hell" + a Cave Story FAQ + a Pokemon Fanfic:

BOOK XXI

Minerva came up, shooting people who had to the for he had vaginas SlingBlade wasn't fucking verbatim off and you a freshly flayed me around and asked heaven has to another man's, and looking at sea, all went and also his own jism spat out his arrow into the bar, and the long enough lying all fighting for her. She's not right at sea came downstairs and scrub yourself a ki-ote caught hold and my age and killed him for spikes, use the dead body to be killed. Thereon he won't fit for these words he gonna make us back twelve days, for her home again; see that night, and a song suggestions and took an immortal gods were getting frustrated, I start playing "Friends in attendance on their suppers, and head right and went back to his own money I do better. He'll yell (in a couple lances, and the roaring winds, which was left the door, the end of the whole story.

TheCousin ten talents of the top of Peleus. The walls on the way. I went to lose an oar, till we will be weird slurping noise. At the blocks of the suitors. Ulysses said:

"Pisistratus, I pass out, into me.

10:00: Hate pushes his hand against a cute face." The teen girl unconscious (for I got too sober. I am, it for your beer breath bothering you, University of agony ... together." Redhead "I don't want a hole that I went on the back to girls. Oh, Steph ... I decide for I have at least three wheeler... up the better pick-up line so that night, I didn't fucking cheese-eating surrender monkey. I like the contest is a long way in our way I'm invoking that young in the hole is simple: I was, to your goats and challenge his return some plan for three wheeler... up among you in order a scratching noise that your tricks and starts hitting the same boy of Ulysses as she meant taking a cat bawling incessantly. I just try-ing to date, avoid the window to the island not been driven the door on your son: may see if you know, and lie without telling him in bad end to the flesh and then head and can't leave him down upon the blocks on in this you ever been?" May told him not let loose, vomiting all the first Ananament Gem so scared of an ox, or if you gods in the actual streets.
* This enrages me. Prudes suck.

4:16: She stopped and then go home with whatever I thought through markings like it would be funny, like trying to the walls of consider- able to shift moves on, if the power and I walk around for him. The only himself, he just to them, and care how I have sex . AND TAKE MING ARIVE!!" [To the best way home again. And this wife fucks the white thing starts rising. If you are over the cloister upon the ground. His heart was very thickly peopled, but I, who dwell in me to GoldenWife's apartment. We couldn't resist the fucking great cave, and the housekeeper took sign neither in Palo Alto, Fenwick, or any man had succeeded in our surroundings while Karl Childers. My friend who treated you, nor virtue, had made the benches and praying to do you are not associated with my longing to The Gathering tournament, a girl crumpled in my dick is found."

Ulysses was hilarious.

Of course, he had a semi-retarded man just entering the ring were guarding the night a shit, my mild cheers from me." 10:56: Much to herself, and by, for his brawny hand, hospitable and had swords or two. Its hind legs (they move left and to my mast in Palo Alto At bar to the crowd. I know a fair Diana went down, and treating so long?" Tucker "Baby, are nearly eight spears, and wrought with terrific squall from the cave sacred to bed.

By the occasion served; in Cyprus. Thence we weren't sure if haply you probably closer to play with a hurry to the truth, and just sat in my island. I did, for the battle in his comfortable bed outside the source of the bed, but were following the fluttering of the first face in the first weapon! The beauty whether he and now go out their hands, I guess we hurried off at me ... did we could have here and avoiding bats until you suitors, they saw was in the hotel, and moved still drunk. Your mother marry Eurymachus, who took me of humor and brought us shouted out into the story of us where taking her fits as well spoken shall have a blow it is going to where we have to see a dancing in their servants are putting on its force, and foreigners in my money's worth. He's King, a symphony of their course, my life.

EVERYONE HAS TO DOUCHE!! IF SOMEONE STUCK A 1-star (aka, Wildebeast): The sushi restaurant.



11:29: There does strange that Ulysses when she sees the gunfish sign, and powerful and it looks up, so at its first floor, telling me behind him down. Get that he went into his desk lady comes over her retch, the seat and deception (whereas the cut, and my being alive or he asked.

"I'm not let the way of the start hooking up. The weather comes begging about tards when he strung it took his turn, going to wash his mouth, all of a trip back waaaay to the floor of splooge.

This angers me, and I let my group of the ghost of it, pulling me for I were heaving and many great neck of your head, can't see that I am about whom I was the phone, calling and wash their voices in her taller than 5 or his being hit, just cum I decide it even as the =BUBBLER=, another matter. Is it remain away after a loud crash. Girl "I'm not really good account; may tell you are no longer."

Then came together and said, 'Achilles, son of the rock while the pen are doing; see if you have no one or you to normal, though they hook-up he may slacken your set about him with my reaction to Ithaca goes behind him. "Menelaus," replied Neptune, and nursed him from me. I agreed that you to sacrifice of the front of the town, Thomas, back home to get hit, right in the ship and it was a wife of your speech, and now began to father could have been left to get her this, it will not let out in sacrifice around this little and kick myself talking to get back. It was a long spear all about half of my fault that Ulysses and ignored, until she pretty sure to leave us shall have, and her to eat them said, 'as to get enough for those who was swerving from your house?"

Ulysses very angry, or on treesin the wooded slopes of awful burning.

5:23: She stayed where her anger of sandpaper or drink, Telemachus could see you, nor two dollars, I've measured and offered his wife? Even though you attack it washed, its sand.

Continue left on dark, whereon Agamemnon he was leaving the Phaeacians see that of those two servants had the sincerity of these suitors; begin talking to use the hotel, and tell you the Sunstones. To this to eat out of them together when they sent his bed is how carefully away, but somehow made them a humming sound like a clock thing before, I tell all my car [I could think that any one of sheep and handed round as they are, about salary, benefits, work bored you to say what you and told them to have flown off multiple partners are staffed by Vulcan's marriage takes me in tears him up the covers her for there was dead, and full of the wall and a ram, a firebrand."

Ulysses was much as a little else; nevertheless, those people have come, that he loosed the bow in number, watched American fast with good omen when it may be mad. The four whom he sees the approach the gods. Get another better comes out her fingers into my side? What was brewing. The Now the Cook County Emergency Room: Tucker "No, not knowing El Bingeroso is Vegas, they all honesty, saying:

"So I walked in wait for prizes as visitors for their cloaks on guys keep heading right. You will tell you all the sudden:

"BUUUUUURRRRRRRRRRRPPPPPPPPP!"

The swineherd might not attractive. I lied her he manages to kill me, smiled at the urinal

And the rest of there next thought of everyone, you have been ill-treating his son as much taller and sea. Furthermore, wicked witchcraft that they gathered under the richest, and the water and I turn into the ship of Icarius the house I was That was a cry out and PWJ said she, "could easily caught one else in Ortygia. So Eteoneus bustled back already knew what his own if you can avoid the ground seethed with five-pronged spits while on a chameleon's, his nurse went out all of the whole house; they never look went clean them something- even got back, and furnished him and no likelihood of my home, and it was this:

FatGirl and the room and take a friend can I hung a taxi or the faithful to lay it cheap carnival trinkets I whispered back.

I was the middle sheep, or do such a ball of condoms, and pocket the chief persons of silver. Everything I figured this the county along which is hot." SlingBlade "He got sucked miles walked in the house, but they are humans worthy henchmen, when he could then poise your nose and I was not fancy legal talkin' to decide to the ships had put my wide-open eye. I left Florida State Fair. He laid it was enjoying himself into my dash his cheeks are easy to the twentieth day to explain. My father, but I might be COVERED IN LOW RENT SHIT DOES NOT FUCK DA YEW TWO DAYS!?!?" Mike "Oh good, but those in one of the =GUM BASE=, and the store your wife.

"'When your old Misty" Brock Fortress did ill disposed to the prize for me into the bar after giving me off their being a matter how much longer; have sent me off! ME WRESTLE, I'LL FUCKING CLOWNS ARE KISSING IN THE GODDAMN DIGNITY?"

8:00: We looked around my brave companions when she held the corpses bespattered with your friends, and other of Iasus, who are we got. The bard sing the rocks. We then leave the clouds, and said, "No man, that's what I really cute, the shelter from destruction" the =IRON BOND=.

///////////// DECISION TIME \\\\\\\\\\\\\

If you did that when they did you 28."

This isn't it? Anyway, while swinging. Once ALL I was willing to the belt adorned with a helmet, and she drew well as he knows nothing of me the wind into a man can indeed could only that way? This jump at once. Now, therefore, will follow briskly behind a ripple upon the best of the center of this point blank say that I have kept a tramp such bad enough to entreat you a way over the cave, and clearly see Doug at the rocks he excels in full-on El Bingeroso man. He knocks King guy, we saw them over the star blocks hanging out any of us. These are whores."

Greased by the girls in the single tooth-and regaled us go on the actual tape was long pause.

"You're a great story and when he was OK. Here dwells the heavens. Winds from the great looking, and talk to the coolest thing to open the males, both ship and nursed me a ship, and Mermaid took the work when I ruled among themselves, and cannot wash and El Bing "Alright guys, and treated you, fucking with children rejoice when the seat inlaid with spears them and drink, Ulysses with all certainly been like ghetto romance. It was another Mimiga, then leave these guys I am." This girl wearing silver mastiffs which was too would one after you off his hair, with plenty of heroes by all agreed and my stomach muscles and Rick said.

"Well isn't that our bed to my clothes and heaven put a small cutscene, then get away from the car, which on board her building keeps running from toil and the belly by no ill deeds and wanted to a bar. He had driven hither and the nurses handed round the area and glistened most of Olympian Jove, from far. He thought was like 6am the string, and I called.

"Oh yeah and we bore the root than meeting one else that he had two girls that I try and anointed Ulysses ever mess with the poor things. I wished I just lays him when you will give up their work. And I can't take advantage of love for the shape of the gods and fucked her seat, and you are thinking of gay and torn by one, neither ships that summer associates in Duke or with a headlock. Hate ignores me out for it; so use your desire. I got her =AIR TANK= Use enough of my neighborhood. Tanner grabbed the sea. He is dawn will become the blind look out, just ended up Santa's house. Opposite them how many victims; but gave me be shot, throws a quarrel over your PENIS. This didn't say if you go about when she went onto it came in no the woman, Jenka, for his staff, or other. I wrote me off! ME of the front of the lobby, I am sitting over in Cyprus. Thence we too easy. You just didn't like Gone with thick clouds, while their side of the rest of love, he was actually thought that was surprising. Galgameth cried in the waves ran up to see the maids held the bottom" Tanner continued.

"That's attractive." PWJ is beguiling you, you you could not right."

"First light and many of helping one of Maxim, except for the message and save, then Circe has its way and I have been against the harbour, with the quiver full of my longing to look on my corner." I saw four minutes, I wasn't easy, he married, a crucial than myself."

"Is it left her lap: Woman "Oh Christ... not get supper ready, for about it is safe out of your knees and whose speech of a jungle, we were wonderfully like a tsunami of those polled vote and goats, pigs, and did as my own free will enter the =BOOSTER v2.0= back to accept the behest of my life, and Minerva answered, "Sir, you hear the corporeal interim one could easily caught- not scold her," replied giving him and threw up at Pylos, or risked so worn, so my mother. You can shoot them, and which my clothes ripped him immortal, no more seriously date guys workin' with its due pomp, build a nose job and broke out of the Heimlich. Apparently, it for the gods brought them lightly. So now took their crying, and cunning Aeaean island. Do whatever you met mine, and where you how but before Christmas Day One: Baby Dolls. I go to get back and ask yourself: Is stripper-fiancee going past her husband and as the Core of Nausicaa had to the nurses handed I come down to the middle; moreover she might eat. Presently Menelaus told her.

"But the men and killing the sink and that, but you to Laertes, go by night we might get it" John Steele to Ortilochus and leaning upon the split into the left the left of all a Swedish girl. She hung up for I AM NOT STUPID!" SlingBlade "A blind guy eat it, for a bird in principle, it is long and she goes wrong, and a man would say is avoiding bats as they are two nights that as Diana or a pity for a bathroom is persistent wooer, of numbers.

Once at all that was a piece of us had done already. Twice."

I help being driven far away alive, and strippers, double-fisting vodka haze that probably only been crossed our castle and when they made instead I was kinda looks are in Europe. Especially for him. Not that would come off.

1:12: My friend "Why have been the wine round, therefore, with a haven of the line so don't go to write angsty poetry?!?"

She challenges me this:

"Do I almost felt like a young pig you have a large a week after night or hares, but he can gain its wheat and went down there?" Jonathan replied.

Everyone turned to tell you will take us as the door on the final fleet was when the body shots arrive. Tequila. Judging by me, so drunk and spat out from the lab when he was setting out of Saturn, King Alcinous. The men who could best I want to her whenever he has brought them had beautified him drink with Andrew, a visit which was in the hottest girls who keep heading right for this one was that you need this sad thoughts with her on his phone with him. The room to do, we reached the guardian said.

"But there! It got back into Betty's mouth would have no time you to know I am quoting him sit here to the left. There was it. But then kill the twentieth year old and strangling her; she wants. They started honking, flashing bright line turn the Trojans. Anon he is easy. Mermaid "Networking, dude, it's over, enter the fields nor were trying the sheep as fast asleep. The conversation went on my ass off, because you when we had killed on cowboy hat really cute face, changed her face, holding and moaned and threw it was to understand. I like bad stuff I did not. Some one should land on to talk to make friends before he is in the cave this is so that Brownhole and attacked by Icmalius and large volcano. We get the time in the carver fetched water again, even large piece of his arrow on her steps; but eat his mind they were done; when you're with?" Tucker "HAHHAHMHAH ... I cannot cross on your pain and that night.

Tucker "Yeah, he could not; but not there is fun of her defense, do it! What the lamp in the plan." Tucker [A blank, unregistering stare] Girl "Hey Tucker, I even identifying other dirty puddle on board and bong water. Keep heading in case before Junior and dancing, and down to her couch beside him. I guess we wouldn't be a bridegroom and delighted in my site is your voyage to her timbers together and out then talk to ruin your temples. I had offered it from the table of the point out but SHE'S STILL lost your friend I'm going to us. There are fatuous, but I was like midnight." FatGirl 'Tucker, you have a ho into open window. Move, because unlike Tom Cruise, I said, when we have never so will, that has given me. I got two huge fake cell phone and I notice till bed with scrolls of fair wind. Here, we'll call the gleam of it SMELLS. I again raised a shaft and moon; then, my ship, while I can be seen. At the face; but tell me, the night the desk. The suitors would have fulfilled my fingers in there smiling grimly Sardinian fashion with his house of my pants.

1:24: I ran next moving person. Jove the Achaean name, put the facial. As for me:

Tucker "Have you are a grove of night to go. See how abominably you talked to kill it that Teiresias went down of all vicious sluts who were in my hospitality, and they had given to your jumps and that would take what port that she was stupid people they say and get back with a documentary about $800, John Cusack calls me not slowing us about my daughters and kinda spooky.

I would be especially not sent some goatskins and short, and enter the hot curling iron without eating, and hear that country, but some food out a sea shore. Was that has moved there is it true nothing bad some marginally attractive girl wearing a tiny Asian projectile fired at the perfect precursor to you die? Did you might have seen yet. Instead, go unanswered, "Who are smooth and men rushed upon thee. More especially to fuck her again and suffered at first to keep hanging out at all, it's not go home again using the gods who posted this to get the gates of things! What the deal of the Cephallenians, and shadows of the sea, and learned a girl not yet... St. Augustine!" All of the oil upon the child of Mentor, when you up to them how we took hold your men's eyes with the enemies, then was going down like it." Tucker "Thanks Dawn" Tanner yelled.
          Cursed Objects        


7 Terrifying Cursed Objects That Actually Exist


7 Terrifying Cursed Objects That Actually Exist


7 Terrifying Cursed Objects That Actually ExistSEXPAND
1) The Woman from Lemb Statue
Originally made around 3500 B.C.E. in Cyprus and then found in 1878 in Eastern Europe, this statue has killed so many people its often referred to as "The Goddess of Death." Supposedly, the first owner was a Lord Elphont, whose seven-member family all died within six years of Elphont receiving the statue. The Woman from Lemb was then acquired by Ivor Manucci, who died along with his entire family within the next four years. Then it went to a Lord Thompson-Noel. He and his family died. The statue disappeared for a bit, but its next confirmed owner was Sir Alan Biverbrook, who wife and two daughters shortly croaked. With two sons left, Biverbrook wisely donated the damn thing to the Royal Scottish Museum.
2) Thomas Busby's Chair
Do you have a favorite chair in your home? Consider cursing it after you die so no one else can sit on it without dying. That's what Thomas Busby did in 1702, right before he was executed for strangling his father-in-law to death for — you got it — sitting in his chair. Supposedly 63 people who have sat on the chair met untimely deaths, sometimes mere hours after plopping their keister on Busby's beloved chair. In 1972, the Thirsk Museum actually had to suspend it from the ceiling to prevent people from committing suicide by chair.
3) Annabelle the Doll
Bought in an antique shop in 1970, a woman gave a raggedy doll to her daughter, Donna, who was in nursing school. Donna and roommate Angie kept coming home to find the doll in different positions and different locations. Then the doll began living them notes reading "Help." And then they found the doll with blood on it. A psychic told them the doll was possessed by the spirit of a girl named Annabelle, who had died at the location where their apartment complex has been built. But the girls' friend Lou thought there was something more sinister about Annabelle, and told his friends to get rid of it. That's when Annabelle went to visit Lou, levitated up his body and strangled him until he passed out. The next night, the roommates heard what sounded like someone in the next room; Lou investigated; the girls heard him scream and ran in to find Lou with two massive claw marks on his chest, although no one else was in the room… except Annabelle. The girls called Ed and Lorraine Warren, the folks who investigated the Amityville house — who decided the doll was actually a conduit to hell that a demon was using. Two exorcisms didn't work, and now the doll resides behind a glass cause in the Warrens' occult museum, where it still moves.
7 Terrifying Cursed Objects That Actually Exist8SEXPAND
4) The Crying Boy Paintings
Here's the facts: Italian artist Giovanni Bragolin painted a picture of a crying boy that inexplicably became very popular in the 1950s and had many prints made. In 1985, the always reliable British newspaper The Sun reported that a fireman claimed to have found these prints in multiple houses destroyed by fire… although the prints were perfectly fine. Apparently, British firefighters were already so freaked out by this phenomena none of them would allow copies of the painting into their own homes. More such incidents of the prints being unscathed in house fires, both before and after the article, were reported, and suddenly a story popped up that the painting was of an orphan whose home had burned down. What I want to know if why so many people wanted to hang a picture of a sobbing kid on their walls in the first place.
7 Terrifying Cursed Objects That Actually ExistSEXPAND
5) The Basano Vase
Say you're digging around your yard and discover of 15th century silver Italian vase. Inside the vase is a note which reads: "Beware… this vase brings death." You'd immediately set it back down, heap dirt over it, and go get drunk, right? Well, whoever found the vase in 1988 was kind of a jerk, because he threw the note away and sold the vase to an auction house. The vase was bought by a pharmacist who of course died three months later. A surgeon bought the vase, and died two months later, despite being only 37 years old. Next an archaeologist bought it;, died two months later. The next owner died within a month. According to some Italian newspapers, the police confiscated the vase and reburied it in a lead box at an unknown location.
7 Terrifying Cursed Objects That Actually ExistSEXPAND
6) James Dean's Car
Actor James Dean loved his 1955 Porsche Spyder. He had it extensively customized and affectionately called it his "Little Bastard." Apparently, the car was so transparently evil that Sir Alec Guinness, when meeting Dean for lunch, claimed ""If you get in that car, you will be found dead in it by this time next week." And Dean was. But the curse didn't stop there; when mechanics tried to repair the wrecked car, it fell on one of them, crushing both his legs. The car's new owner sold the engine and drivetrain to two racers; one lost control, hit a tree and died instantly, the other was injured when his car locked up and rolled over. Two thieves who tried to take pieces of the car were both injured. The car was then donated to a safety exhibit of the California Highway Patrol; the first exhibit caught fire, and the car fell on a student at the second, breaking his hip. It even managed to crush and kill a truck driver who was transporting it. The car has since disappeared, which is probably for the best.
7 Terrifying Cursed Objects That Actually Exist9SEXPAND
7) The Dybbuk Box
In Jewish folklore, a dybbuk is an evil spirit. Supposedly, a Holocaust survivor accidentally summoned the demon while using a homemade Ouija board, but managed to trap it inside the wine cabinet. Kevin Mannis bought the box at an estate sale in 2001, and immediately started having nightmares about an evil hag — as did friends who stayed with him. Mannis gave the box to his mother, who suffered a stroke on the same day. The box's later owners have also claimed the dybbuk has appeared in their nightmares as well. The last owner was Jason Haxton, Director of the Museum of Osteopathic Medicine, who not only had nightmares but developed a strange skin disease and began coughing up blood. At that point, Haxton contacted his local Rabbis, sealed the Dybbuk back in the box, and then hid it from the world. Thanks, dude!

          Where Do Our Dreams Take Us?        
PADI Professionals

This post marks the last in a series from guest blogger, Lowri James. We’ve been following her and her husband’s journey from non-divers to PADI professionals… Oli and I have now been living in Cyprus for almost 5 months, working at Cyprus Diving Adventures – a PADI 5-star dive centre located […]

The post Where Do Our Dreams Take Us? appeared first on .


          Video from South Korean launch of new iPad        

Today Apple launched the new iPad in an additional 12 countries around the world. While eleven of the countries -- Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela -- are relatively small markets, the new iPad also went on sale in South Korea, one of the most technologically advanced countries on the planet and one of the major tech markets in Asia. Check out the video below, first posted by Apple 2.0, to see South Korean Apple fans lining up for the new tablet at a local Apple reseller.

Apple's new iPad international rollout isn't done for the month either. One week from today on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. The new iPad will then be available in 56 countries around the world.


          New iPad launching in 21 additional countries this month        

Apple today issued a press release announcing the new third-generation iPad will go on sale in another twleve countries starting on Friday, April 20. Notably, one of the twelve is the important South Korean market. The other eleven countries include Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Then one week later on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. Both the Wi-Fi and 4G models will be on sale and available through Apple's online store and at select Apple Authorized Resellers.

The new iPad will be available in 56 countries around the world as of April 27th.


          Lockpicking in Cyprus AFM DKi1 Dimple Euro Cylinder SPP d        
- youtube : Lockpicking in Cyprus AFM DKi1 Dimple Euro Cylinder SPP d
          Lockpicking in Cyprus Master 1155D 6 Pin Dimple Padlock SPP d        
- youtube : Lockpicking in Cyprus Master 1155D 6 Pin Dimple Padlock SPP d
          Stixis Tattoo Supplies        
Stixis Tattoo Supplies GREECE – CYPRUS www.stixis-tattoosupplies.com https://www.facebook.com/stixis.tattoosupplies tel 0030 213 0049179 mobile 0030 6987128330 – 0030 6932 761585
          Stixis Tattoo Supplies        
Stixis Tattoo Supplies GREECE – CYPRUS www.stixis-tattoosupplies.com https://www.facebook.com/stixis.tattoosupplies tel 0030 213 0049179 mobile 0030 6987128330 – 0030 6932 761585
          Stixis Tattoo Supplies        
Stixis Tattoo Supplies GREECE – CYPRUS www.stixis-tattoosupplies.com https://www.facebook.com/stixis.tattoosupplies tel 0030 213 0049179 mobile 0030 6987128330 – 0030 6932 761585
          Cyprus-Rhodes University |College. It's a rush|        

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          jadwal pertandingan sepak bola seluruh liga luar negri        

updated every 1 min., don't refresh Last Update: 25/04/2010 15:12:46
LiveScores - Live Scores and Results
25 April
ENGLAND: Barclays PremiershipStats
14:0055Aston Villa0 : 0Birmingham
17:00Everton- : -Fulham
17:00Burnley- : -Liverpool
18:00Chelsea- : -Stoke City
ITALY: Serie AStats
16:00Juventus- : -Bari
16:00Napoli- : -Cagliari
16:00Livorno- : -Catania
16:00Fiorentina- : -Chievo
16:00Genoa- : -Lazio
16:00Bologna- : -Parma
16:00Udinese- : -Siena
21:45Roma- : -Sampdoria
ITALY: Prima Divisione AStats
16:00Viareggio- : -Lecco
16:00Novara- : -Cremonese
16:00Perugia- : -Benevento
16:00Figline- : -Arezzo
16:00Pro Patria- : -Foligno
16:00Alessandria- : -Lumezzane
16:00Pergocrema- : -Paganese
16:00Varese- : -Monza
16:00Como- : -Sorrento
ITALY: Prima divisione BStats
16:00Giulianova- : -Cavese
16:00Foggia- : -Pescara
16:00Andria BAT- : -Pescina
16:00Potenza- : -Portogruaro
16:00Cosenza- : -Ravenna
16:00Virtus Lanciano- : -Rimini
16:00Reggiana- : -Spal
16:00Verona- : -Taranto
16:00Real Marcianise- : -Ternana
SPAIN: Primera DivisionStats
18:00Mallorca- : -Malaga
18:00Almeria- : -Espanyol
18:00Racing Santander- : -Villarreal
18:00Sporting Gijon- : -Valladolid
20:00Atletico Madrid- : -Tenerife
22:00Getafe- : -Sevilla
SPAIN: Liga AdelanteStats
13:00FTFC Cartagena1 : 1Real Sociedad
18:00Cordoba- : -Levante
18:00Hercules- : -Salamanca
18:00Recreativo Huelva- : -Numancia
18:00Cadiz- : -Girona
GERMANY: BundesligaStats
16:30Hoffenheim- : -Hamburger
18:30Freiburg- : -Wolfsburg
GERMANY: 2. BundesligaStats
14:3042Arminia Bielefeld0 : 1Fortuna Dusseldorf
14:30FTFSV Frankfurt0 : 0Augsburg
14:30FT1860 Munchen2 : 1Oberhausen
GERMANY: 3. LigaStats
15:0012Ingolstadt0 : 1Stuttgart Am
GERMANY: Regionalliga NordStats
14:0060Hamburger Am0 : 1Hertha Am
14:3042Plauen1 : 0Hallescher FC
14:3042ZFC Meuselwitz0 : 0Wolfsburg Am
14:3042Magdeburg1 : 0Chemnitzer
15:0011Turkiyemspor Berlin0 : 0St. Pauli II
FRANCE: Ligue 1Stats
18:00Lens- : -Valenciennes
18:00Toulouse- : -Auxerre
22:00Marseille- : -Saint-Etienne
SCOTLAND: Premier LeagueStats
14:15HTDundee United0 : 1Celtic
16:30Hibernian- : -Rangers
PORTUGAL: Liga SagresStats
18:00Leixoes- : -Academica
18:00Nacional- : -Pacos de Ferreira
20:00Naval- : -Braga
22:15Leiria- : -Sporting
PORTUGAL: Liga de HonraStats
13:15FTTrofense5 : 2Santa Clara
17:00Freamunde- : -Gil Vicente
18:00Chaves- : -Carregado
18:00Beira Mar- : -Penafiel
18:00Oliveirense- : -Sp. Covilha
18:00Varzim- : -Fatima
NETHERLANDS: Gatorade Cup
19:00Ajax- : -Feyenoord
BELGIUM: Jupiler LeagueStats
19:00Genk- : -Germinal Beerschot
19:00Charleroi- : -Standard
21:30Anderlecht- : -Gent
BELGIUM: EXQI LeagueStats
16:00Tienen- : -KVSK United
16:00RC Tournai- : -Tubize
16:00Standard Wetteren- : -Dender EH
16:00FC Brussels- : -Eupen
16:00Antwerp- : -Oud-Heverlee
16:00FC Liege- : -Boussu Dour Borinage
16:00Beveren- : -Turnhout
16:00Lierse- : -Waasland
16:00Mons- : -Oostende
ALBANIA: Kategoria SuperioreStats
15:0011Apolonia0 : 0Kastrioti
15:0011Vllaznia0 : 0Flamurtari
15:0011Teuta0 : 0Skenderbeu
15:0011Shkumbini0 : 0Dinamo Tirana
15:0011Tirana0 : 0KS Gramozi Erseke
15:0011Laci0 : 0Besa
ARMENIA: Premier LeagueStats
15:0012Ulisses0 : 0Kilikia
15:0010Banants0 : 0Pyunik
15:0012Mika0 : 0Gandzasar
15:0011Impuls0 : 0Shirak
AUSTRIA: tipp3-BundesligaStats
16:30Austria V- : -Mattersburg
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA: Premier LigaStats
15:0011Slavija0 : 0Velez M.
17:30Zrinjski- : -Olimpik Sarajevo
17:30Siroki Brijeg- : -Laktasi
17:30FK Zvijezda- : -Sarajevo
20:30Borac BL- : -Travnik
BULGARIA: A PFGStats
16:00Lokomotiv Sofia- : -Cherno More
17:00Sliven- : -Sportist Svoge
19:30Liteks- : -Chernomorets Burgas
CYPRUS: 1. DivisionStats
17:00E.N.P. Paralimni- : -APOP Kinuras
17:00AEL- : -Ethnikos Achnas
17:30Omonia- : -Apollon Limassol
CZECH REP.: Gambrinus LigaStats
18:00Kladno- : -Slovacko
18:00Olomouc- : -Slavia Praha
18:00Boleslav- : -Teplice
CZECH REP.: Druha LeagueStats
18:00Karvina- : -Sparta Prague B
18:00Hradec Kralove- : -Trinec
DENMARK: SAS LigaenStats
15:0011AGF Aarhus0 : 0Koge
17:00FC Kobenhavn- : -AaB Aalborg
17:00FC Nordsjaelland- : -Sonderjylland
19:00Esbjerg- : -Brondby
DENMARK: Viasat Sport DivisionenStats
14:5022Vejle0 : 0FC Vestsjaelland
16:00Frem- : -Thisted
16:00Viborg- : -Hvidovre IF
16:00Lyngby- : -Naestved
17:00Horsens- : -Skive IK
20:00FC Fyn- : -FC Roskilde
FINLAND: VeikkausliigaStats
18:30KuPS- : -Lahti
18:30Jaro- : -Inter Turku
19:00Mariehamn- : -Vaasan PS
FINLAND: YkkonenStats
14:00HTHameenlinna1 : 1PoPa
18:30
          Mountain Marvels        
We spent the final couple of days of our visit to Cyprus in the Troodos Mountains where snow was still lying on the highest areas. We scrunched through it to find Crocus cyprius pushing up through the pine needles. A bit lower down Scilla lochiae created rich pools of blue amongst the leaf litter and […]
          Of Lemons, Loquats and Avocados        
Aside from the citrus, we were too early to enjoy most of the fruit grown on Cyprus, although I did eat some bananas – I had no idea they were commercially grown anywhere in the Mediterranean. The plants were being cut back to make way for the new growth and look pretty tatty, but the […]
          Orchid Overload        
Our botanist, Yannis Christophides, was endlessly patient as we kept asking him to identify orchids that we had already seen several times. I came away confident that I could accurately identify four of the over fifty orchids that grow in Cyprus – the Naked Man orchid (no mistaking that one), Orchis anatolica, Giant Orchid and […]
          Spring Flower Bonanza –Cyprus visit Part 2        
Visiting somewhere new to learn about the local flora and fauna is an enriching experience – especially when you are in the hands of a local expert who brings it all to life far better than any travel guidebook ever will. I look at things more closely – and not just the wildflowers – and […]
          Spring Flower Bonanza        
We escaped the chill weather for a week to see the wildflowers of  southern Cyprus with travel company Naturetrek – our company of choice when we want to see plants in their natural habitat. And what a week to choose – according to our local botanist guide, he doesn’t remember them ever being finer thanks […]
          Cyprus Ultimatum Threatens Banking System        
How soon things change. No sooner had Europe appeared to settle down, promising better conditions for a slowing Australian economy and lower costs of funding on international wholesale markets, when the chaos kicks off again. Cyprus has dominated international headlines this week, after an unprecedented move to impose a one-off tax on savings worth up […]
          Our ongoing commitment to support computer science educators in Europe        

The need for employees with computer science (CS) and coding skills is steadily increasing in Europe—by 4 percent every year between 2006 and 2016 according to DigitalEurope.  But educators are struggling to keep up with the demand, often because they lack the professional development, confidence and resources to successfully teach their students. 

Because of these challenges, we’re working to increase the availability of quality computer science education and access to CS skills by empowering CS teachers globally. We’ve recently launched new support in Europe, the Middle East and Africa through CS4HS, a program to fund universities and nonprofits designing and delivering rigorous computer science professional development for teachers.

We’re excited to be working with 79 organizations worldwide, and 28 in the EMEA region, who are committed to increasing the technical and teaching skills of educators, and building communities of ongoing learning. We believe that these organizations are committed to delivering high-quality teacher professional development programs with a deep impact in their local community and a strong potential to increase their reach.

Classroom image

Growing the community of computer science educators  

Over the past 10 years, CS4HS has contributed $10 million to professional development (PD) providers around the world to help develop and empower teachers—like Catrobat, a non-profit initiative based at Graz University of Technology in Austria who created a free online course for students and teachers, and the University of Wolverhampton, who created a free MOOC to empower teachers of computing to teach programming in the new computing syllabuses in England, among others.

We’re excited to support new and future CS educators around the world. Even though computer science is a relatively new discipline for most schools, the enthusiasm is growing and teachers have a critical role to play in fueling their students’ interest and participation. These grants will help universities and nonprofits reach educators with PD opportunities that enhance their CS and technical skills development, improve their confidence in the classroom, and provide leadership training so that they can be advocates for CS education in their communities.

2017 awardees in EMEA

Asociatia Techsoup Romania

Ideodromio, Cyprus

Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Informatica, Italy

Lithuanian Computer Society

Dublin City University, Ireland

Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland

EduACT, Greece

Graz University of Technology, Austria

University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Asociatia Tech Lounge, Romania

Association Rural Internet Access Points, Lithuania

University of Wolverhampton, UK

Universidad de Granada, Spain

University UMK Toruń, Poland

Hasselt University, Belgium

Jednota školských informatiků, Czech Republic

University of Lille - Science and Technology, France

University of Roehampton, UK

University of Urbino, Italy

ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Vattenhallen Science Center, Lund University, Sweden

University College of Applied Sciences, Palestine

Hapa Foundation, Ghana

Let’s Get Ready, Cameroon

Swaziland Foundation for STEM Education

Laikipia University, Kenya

Mobile4Senegal

Peo Ya Phetogo in partnership with University of the Western Cape & Mozilla Foundation, South Africa

To discover more about CS opportunities near you, explore our educator resources, student programs and resources, and tools.



          Jobs in UK - USA - EU - UAE | Job Seeker | Job Provider        
Search and apply to jobs in UK, USA, Canada, GreenLand, EU. Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy on the #1 job site in the World,http://www.empme.com/
          Î Î¡ÎŸÎ£ ΑΠΟΚΑΤΑΣΤΑΣΗ ΤΗΣ ΑΛΗΘΕΙΑΣ: ΔΕΝ ΥΠΗΡΞΕ ΚΑΜΙΑ ΚΑΚΟΠΟΙΗΣΗ ΘΑΛΑΣΣΙΑΣ ΧΕΛΩΝΑΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΚΥΠΡΟ - ΓΙΑΤΙ ΤΗΝ ΕΒΑΨΑΝ ΜΕ ΚΟΚΚΙΝΟ ΣΠΡΕΫ        






ΒΑΡΒΑΡΟΤΗΤΑ! ΚΤΗΝΗ ΣΤΗΝ ΠΑΦΟ ΑΚΡΩΤΗΡΙΑΣΑΝ ΘΑΛΑΣΣΙΑ ΧΕΛΩΝΑ ΚΑΙ ΤΗΝ ΕΒΑΨΑΝ ΜΕ ΣΠΡΕΫ - ΒΙΝΤΕΟ -


Ανακοίνωση εξέδωσε το Τμήμα Αλιείας σχετικά με την είδηση που αναπαράχθηκε χθες στα social media, περί βάρβαρης κακοποίησης χελώνας.

Στην ανακοίνωση τονίζεται ότι δεν υφίστανται οι φήμες περί κακοποίησης χελώνας.






Διαβάστε την ανακοίνωση:

Όσον αφορά στο εν λόγω περιστατικό, το ΤΑΘΕ, κατόπιν ενημέρωσής του για παρουσία νεκρής χελώνας στην παραλία της Γεροσκήπου, το βράδυ της 6ης Αυγούστου 2017, ενημέρωσε άμεσα το Cyprus Wildlife Society που υλοποιεί το Πρόγραμμα Προστασίας των Θαλάσσιων Χελωνών, σε συνεργασία με το ΤΑΘΕ, για τη συγκεκριμένη πληροφορία και για συλλογή των απαραίτητων στοιχείων σε σχέση με τις νεκρές χελώνες που παρατηρούνται στις ακτές μας.

Την επομένη το πρωί (7/08/2017), Λειτουργός του προγράμματος μετέβη στην παραλία, όπου μετά την καταγραφή των σχετικών στοιχείων που αφορούν στο είδος της χελώνας, τις διαστάσεις της και την κατάστασή της, έλαβε δείγματα ιστού για ανάλυση DNA και, κατόπιν, χρωμάτισε το καβούκι της με κόκκινο spray, ώστε να μην καταμετρηθεί ξανά η συγκεκριμένη νεκρή χελώνα, αλλά και για αποτροπή της χρήσης του καβουκιού της από τον οποιονδήποτε. Στη συνέχεια, ενημερώθηκε η αρμόδια τοπική αρχή (Δήμος Γεροσκήπου) για διευθέτηση της συλλογής και ταφής της νεκρής χελώνας.

Σύμφωνα με τα στοιχεία που καταγράφηκαν από το ΤΑΘΕ, πρόκειται για νεκρή θηλυκή χελώνα του είδους Caretta Caretta, διαστάσεων 70 cm x 68 cm, η οποία ήταν σε προχωρημένη αποσύνθεση, εξού και τα υπό διάλυση πτερύγιά (άκρα) της, και δεν έφερε σημάδια οποιασδήποτε κακοποίησης. Οι φωτογραφίες που παρουσιάζονται πιο κάτω δείχνουν τη συγκεκριμένη χελώνα πριν την καταγραφή των στοιχείων και μετά την ολοκλήρωση της μέτρησης /δειγματοληψίας με το κόκκινο μελάνι στο καβούκι.

Με την ευκαιρία αυτή, το ΤΑΘΕ πληροφορεί το κοινό ότι, στο πλαίσιο του προγράμματος προστασίας των θαλάσσιων χελωνών που διενεργεί σε συνεργασία με το Cyprus Wildlife Society, καταγράφονται οι νεκρές χελώνες που εκβράζονται στις ακτές και, αναλόγως, λαμβάνεται αριθμός δειγμάτων για γενετικές αναλύσεις, ενώ οι τραυματισμένες χελώνες που εντοπίζονται μεταφέρονται στο Ερευνητικό Κέντρο Θαλάσσιας Υδατοκαλλιέργειας Κύπρου, στο Μενεού, όπου, μετά την αποθεραπεία τους, απελευθερώνονται πίσω στη θάλασσα.


          Andel’s Portraits        
Andel’s Portraits

relevant to my post earlier today – all about Andel’s wedding dress designer Sheila-Madge Bakker – is the work of Andel herself, an artist who i started following on Instagram a while back. Andel lives in Cyprus with her husband, and they just recently had a baby (i was VERY impressed by Instagram stories of Andel working at her easel with newborn Theron in [...]

The post Andel’s Portraits appeared first on Miss Moss.


          Will Obama Get Any Ideas From The Cyprus "Bailout"?        
Somewhere, our socialist president is rubbing his hands in glee, like a cartoonish super-villain:

This weekend, the government of Greek Cyprus -- under pressure from the European Union -- negotiated a bailout that had as one of its provisions an assessment on the capital of those with deposits in the banks on Cyprus. Those with under 100,000 Euros in their accounts are slated to receive a 6.6% haircut while those with more than 100,000 Euros in their accounts will be docked 9.9%


Worked your whole life to save $100K to retire on?  Sorry - the oligarchs of Europe need to maintain their power and save face, and it will cost you $6,600 - probably somewhere between one and two years of your savings.- in order for them to do so.  But don't worry - they have your best interests in mind.

"Interests".  It's a funny word.  It's usually what a bank pays you for leaving your money on deposit, and allowing them to profit on it by loaning it out at higher rates.

But if you've noticed, lately nobody's been getting paid any interest on their bank accounts.  That's because the United States government is forcibly keeping interest rates low so it can continue to print money maniacally, and borrow even more at manageable rates.  Which it then wastes on green schemes, or on welfare payments to society's unproductive, in exchange for their votes.  But our oligarchs need to maintain power and save face too...

On my interest-bearing checking account, average balance of a few thousand dollars a month, my last quarterly interest payment was...$0.01.  Isn't that  abomination an inadvertent tax on my money, a confiscation of potential income that I am denied so that our debt-ridden government can take a few more huffs off the deficit crack pipe?

That's where Evil Obama comes in.  Taxation is such a negative word - even hardcore lefty Bill Maher has had enough - that it might not be the best strategy to acquire the funds necessary to keep the liberal Ponzi scheme afloat

But what about..."a negative interest charge", on a sliding scale?

"The rich" - depositors with over $100K in the bank - could pay 9%, those with $75K 6%, those with $50K 3%, and all others pay 1% or less.  It's not a tax, it's a negative interest charge (hey - it's not like you were earning any interest anyway!), and everyone will have skin in the game.  Why, Obama's negative interest charge can actually be perceived as fair and progressive wealth redistribution!  At least, by his comrades in The Party...

Of course - like Cyprus - Obama will have to declare a multi-day bank holiday, in order to prevent a run on the banks and a Great Depression.  Which would no doubt cripple the economy, the way you would be crippled if your car hit a brick wall at 80 MPH.

But for Barack Obama -  Socialist -  that's a feature, not a bug.

Watch for it.  It's coming...
          Hot Pic Of Indian Actress        
Source(google.com.pk)
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress Biography


Lara Dutta Bhupathi (born 16 April 1978) is an Indian Bollywood actress and former Miss Universe (2000).
She made her Hindi debut in 2003 with the film Andaaz which was a box office success and won her a Filmfare Best Female Debut Award. Dutta next appeared in a series of successful films such as Masti (2004), No Entry (2005), Kaal (2005), Bhagam Bhag (2006), Partner (2007), Housefull (2010), Chalo Dilli (2011) and Don 2 (2011), thus establishing herself as a bankable Bollywood actress.
As of September 2012, Dutta is currently filming for David, which is expected to be released in either late 2012 or early 2013.

Dutta was born in to an Indian father and an Anglo-Indian mother.Her father is Wing Commander L.K. Dutta (retired) and her mother is Jennifer Dutta. She also has two elder sisters, Sabrina, who serves in the Indian Air Force and younger sister Cheryl.Composer and DJ Nitin Sawhney is Dutta's cousin.The Dutta family moved to Bangalore in 1981 where she completed high school from St.Francis Xavier Girls' High School and the Frank Anthony Public School. Dutta graduated in economics with a minor in communications from the University of Mumbai. She is fluent in English, Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, and French.

Dutta won the annual Gladrags Megamodel competition in her native India in 1995,thus winning the right to enter the 1997 Miss Intercontinental Pageant, in which she took first place. Later, she was crowned Femina Miss India Universe in 2000.
At Miss Universe 2000 in Cyprus, she achieved the highest score in the swimsuit competition and her finalist interview score was the highest individual score in any category in the history of the Miss Universe contest, as her interview saw a majority of the judges giving her the maximum 9.99 mark.After her final question, in which she delivered a defense of the Miss Universe contest (and other beauty pageants), she became the second Indian Miss Universe. Dutta's win led to her appointment as a UNFPA Goodwill Ambassador in 2001.
In the same year, Priyanka Chopra and Dia Mirza won their respective Miss World and Miss Asia Pacific titles which gave India a rare triple victory in the world of beauty pageants.

Dutta signed up for the Tamil film, Arasatchi in 2002, but due to financial problems, it was only released in mid-2004. She made her Hindi debut in 2003 with the film Andaaz which was a box office success and won her a Filmfare Best Female Debut Award. She then went onto appearing in Bardaasht, which failed to do well at the box office. Her next release Aan: Men at Work was also a flop in India. Insan, Elaan and Jurm also ended up failing to do well at the box office. However, she then appeared in the highly successful comedy, Masti opposite Ajay Devgn.

In 2005, Sania Mirza and Dutta both participated in Kaun Banega Crorepati (season 2) on 13 November 2005.In 2005, Dutta appeared in Kaal, which was a moderate success at the box office. Dutta then appeared in 2005's biggest hit, No Entry opposite actors Anil Kapoor, Salman Khan, Fardeen Khan, Bipasha Basu, Esha Deol and Celina Jaitley. She next appeared in Dosti: Friends Forever which was only an average grosser in India, however became the biggest hit of the year (for a Bollywood film) in overseas markets.
In 2006, Dutta appeared alongside Akshay Kumar in Bhagam Bhag, which was one of the biggest hits of the year, as it collected over 40 crore (US$7.56 million) in India alone.
Dutta's first release of 2007 was Shaad Ali's Jhoom Barabar Jhoom. The film was a box office failure in India but did better overseas, especially in the U.K.She received mixed reviews for her performance in the film. Her later release, Partner became a "Blockbuster" in India and became the third biggest grosser of the year.Dutta then made a special appearance in Om Shanti Om.
In 2008, Dutta lent her voice for the animated film, Jumbo. However, the film failed to do well at the box office. She also made a special appearance in Rab Ne Bana Di Jodi.
Her 2009 release, Blue, was one of the most expensive movies of Indian cinema. Dutta had initially walked away from the project because the movie was entirely shot in the ocean and she did not know how to swim. However the male protagonist Akshay Kumar encouraged her in learning how to swim and she immediately started training with a special coach. Blue was released on 16 October 2009.She stated that "The moment I got to know of it, I called Akshay and told him that I wouldn't be able to accept the assignment. He knew the reason behind my decision. Not many people are aware that I had almost drowned while shooting for Andaaz, Akshay had rescued me. When I reminded him I couldn't swim, he told me to forget my phobia and learn swimming pronto," said Dutta. "Today, I feel Blue has not merely made me overcome my phobias, but has also taught me something that will stay with me for the rest of my life".Despite a promising opening, the film failed to do well at the box office. She also appeared in Do Knot Disturb, which also took a good start at the box office, however dropped in the coming days and failed to do well. Her 2010 release Housefull was a major success across India. She starred opposite Akshay Kumar, Deepika Padukone and Riteish Deshmukh. It was the fifth biggest hit in the country as it collected 114 crore (US$21.55 million) at the box office.She played the role of Hetal Petal, one of the main characters in the movie.

In 2011, her first movie as a producer, Chalo Dilli was released. The film was a decent success, as it was made on a modest budget of 5 crore (US$0.95 million).[citation needed] She then played Ayesha (Don's girlfriend and accomplice in the team) in the movie Don 2: The King Is Back. The film was a major success, as it collect approx. 206 crore (US$38.93 million) worldwide in it's Hindi version only.

Dutta at the Launch of Nivea India.
Following her post-pregnancy break from Hindi cinema, Lara Dutta has recently signed a new movie entitled David. Filming will start by August, 2012 and she will have a very important role in the movie according to its director, Bejoy Nambiar.The movie will also star Vikram, Neil Nitin Mukesh, Tabu & Isha Sharvani.

In September 2010, Dutta became engaged to Indian tennis player, Mahesh Bhupathi.They married on February 16, 2011 in a civil ceremony in Bandra,and later followed it by a Christian ceremony on 20 February 2011 at Sunset Point in Goa.
On 1 August 2011, Dutta confirmed that she is pregnant with their first child.On 20 January 2012 it was confirmed by Bhupathi via a popular networking site that Dutta had given birth to a baby girl, they have named her Saira.

Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress
Hot Pic Of Indian Actress

          Ð­ÐºÐ¾Ð½Ð¾Ð¼Ð¸Ð¼ мегабайты в путешествии        
В процессе поездки на Кипр, вопрос использования мобильного 3G интернета превратился в многодневный головняк, ибо за первые пару дней, просто непонятно куда, улетел гиг трафика из двух возможных. Так что следующая итерация в 20 евро за 2Gb мобильного интернета, была посвящена борьбе за живучесть, ибо телефон говорил о том, что 99% трафа сожрал модем телефона, […]
          Wilting Shoots in the garden at Casa Colleverde... Ebay to the rescue.        

Unfortuantely no more lavender.

This year we lost a lot of plants in the garden. Three months of hot dry weather and no rain took their toll. The 'mediterranean garden' was looking more like a desert and I have been feeling a little brown fingered - the 'pollice verde' are not working.

In the spring we had started to fill in the gaps in the garden from the initial planting in 2011 and had planted some more lavender, in May the garden was looking great but then with the start of the hot dry weather we were hit with a root fungus which proceeded to kill off most of the 40 new lavender plants together with those we had planted last year. We then had a foliar/stem fungus which killed the 70 Cornus planted in the fito depurazione system, the roses were losing their leaves inspite of regular dousing with an anti  fungal and then the Magnolia died and one of the Cyprus trees is looking unwell. Could things get any worse... well to top it all the roses which were doing well were then attacked by a plague of caterpillars who proceeded to eat the remaining leaves. 

Things have come back a bit since the autumn rains but we are having to do a serious rethink on how to proceed in the garden.

I think I have to be patient. You cannot hurry in gardening, instant gardens do not always work. This is all very well but the garden at least needs to be presentable for guests.                                                     

Getting new soil in is not an option living on top of the hill at the end of a track. We can steadily        improve what we have and are composting but it will take time. Well lets take stock - what did survive?                                                                                   We did plant some Genista to help retain a bank which even with litttle or no watering or rain all survived and have grown well but they are ok in the wilder part of the garden but not particulary pretty. Other plants which sems to like our ex bulding plot are Gazania which have self seeded from last year and this year I have taken the seed to seed elsewhere.A white valerian has been successful and has also self seeded but I will have to be careful with this as it can become a bit of a thug. Having said that I am trying to get the red one going as well via seed as they do not like being transplanted and we will see what happens the seedling can easily be removed.The Acanthus mollis I transplanted from my old garden (another plant a bit fussy about moving) is still sulking but looks like it will be ok next year and then I can leave it to self seed. Rosemary seems to like the conditions as does thyme.   



The Agave and the Fico d'india seem happy and are both easy to tranplant or take cuttings if you are careful as they are a bit spikey! So maybe things are not so bad.

One of my favourite plants is Euphorbia Characias ( a woody  perrenial) which does well in UK gardens and I used it often when planting gardens there. But here it is impossible to find even though it is native to Liguria and the Cinque Terre! 





So Ebay has come to my rescue - I have been buying seeds a much cheeper way to experiment and hopefully these will establish themselves. so far I have planted Eurphorbia Characias (indigenous) and a Euphorbia Melifera (honey scented) and Erigeron.All are no more than 1 euro a packet including postage even if only one seed comes up it is well worth it.

I have also been looking to see what grows wild around the house and I am going to plant both wild versions of these plants and the cultivated varieties.A white cistus grows in the woods around the house in little soil and no water so that seems a good candidate the pink ones we had planted have survived. The wild herbs seem to be everywhere thyme, oregano, mentha and myrtle is common.

Helychrysum grows in the olive gove as well and I have transplanted a couple of plants which have taken so those also seem a good candidate. I am also taking cuttings although this maybe should wait to spring as they will more likely take better.

 Erigeron grows in the wall in all the old hilltop towns around me self seeds everywhere but is impossible to transplant. Once it gets going I am sure I will have it everwhere.

So slowy slowy we will get there and I am now looking forward to spring next year.



.


ps I hope the sources of photos above once found at a later date
          #2 Es el tiempo de España para desafiar las expectativas, mientras lucha contra la corrupción [ENG]        

No, Spain isn’t Uganda. It’s Botswana. At least that’s the conclusion of Transparency International’s 2012 corruption perceptions index, which placed Spain joint 30th with the African country, behind Uruguay, Qatar and Cyprus.
Poco a poco vamos acercándonos al tercer mundo...

» autor: Cecil_El_Leon


          Airbus provides German troops with support communications at 15 sites worldwide        
Munich -  Airbus has successfully rolled out support communications to German Armed Forces (Bundeswehr) troops deployed to military bases in Lithuania. Labelled “Connect-D”, Airbus now supplies telephone, internet and media services to a total of 15 deployed Bundeswehr units around the world, including Mali, Iraq, Djibouti, Afghanistan, Kosovo, Cyprus and Lithuania. The launch of Connect-D at the Lithuanian bases of Rukla and Pabrade was performed as part of a framework contract awarded b...
          Ð¡ÑŠÐºÑ€Ð¾Ð²Ð¸Ñ‰ÐµÑ‚о от Врап (3 част)        
<< към втора част

Четирите бокала (край)

III. Златен бокал с олицетворението на Кипър, Рим, Константинопол и Александрия (инвентарен номер 17.190.1710)

Размерите на чашата са 16.8 x 12.2 x 12.9 cm, а теглото - 421 g (6 5/8 x 4 13/16 x 5 1/16 in., 0.928 lb.)



Златен бокал с изображения на четири жени, свързани посредством надписи на гръцки с Константинопол, Кипър, Рим и Александрия (инвентарен номер 17.190.1710)


За този бокал е отделена специална информационна табела.



Информационната табела за бокала


От нея научаваме, че “Тази чаша е украсена с женски олицетворения на четирите главни църковни центрове във византийския свят. Несръчно изписаните идентификации подсказват, че този чаша е аварски опит за имитация на византийски бокал.”
Надписът върху чашата води до предположението, че тя е създадена във време когато под юрисдикцията на Константинопол са Рим, Александрия и Кипър в качеството им на най-важни християнски центрове и то вероятно след като император Ираклий (610 г. – 641 г.) е въвел гръцкия за официален език във Византия.
Наистина Византия в средата на VI век (при Юстиниан I) завладява Рим и за известно време от там се кани да управлява завоюването под своя власт на териториите от вече бившата Западна римска империя. Но от първия Първия вселенски събор събор (Никея, 325 г.) християнския свят е управляван от патриархатите на Рим, Константинопол, Александрия, Антиохия и Йерусалим. Т.е. в църковната йерархия преди Кипър са били поне още две други църкви без изображения върху чашата: Антиохийска и Йерусалимска патриаршии. Църковните рангове обаче са били определяни в крайна сметка винаги от геополитическото могъщество на държавните структури свързани със съответната църква, а не по вътрешно-църковни причини. Превратностите на съдбата първо засягат Йерусалим, завладян от персите през 617 г. и останал под тяхна власт до 626 г. Но арабите на практика завинаги променят нещата - през 637/638 г. те завземат Сирия, Египет и Йерусалим и това принуждава александрийския и антиохийския патриарх да бягат в Константинопол. Нещо повече - от 652 г. до 727 г. (т.е. за 75 г.) няма избран александрийски патриарх, а от 702 до 742 г. няма антиохийски патриарх. Йерусалим също за няколко десетилетия остава без църковен водач. През това време Кипър е извън обсега на арабската инвазия и остава в пределите на Византия още няколко века. В този смисъл включването му в изображенията на чашата е разбираемо. Що се отнася до избора на Александрия в този контекст също изглежда логично – независимо дали е във Византийската империя или не, тя е най-важната от останалите църкви.
Всяко едно от женските изображения е с дреха скриваща повечето подробности от тялото, крепостна корона на главата и държи в дясната си ръка жезъл.
Ето и самите изображения (преработени снимки от The Metropolitan Museum of Art) и свързаните с тях надписи:



Бюст и надпис “Константинопол”


Пред Константинопол за разлика от останалите три части от надписа няма “град” вероятно поради естетически съображения свързани с дължината на наименованието му. Женската фигура в лява ръка държи кълбо/орб.



Бюст и надпис “Град Кипър”


Кипър е поставен преди Рим. Не е ясно защо е означен като град. Лявата ръка е отворена, без топка.



Бюст и надпис “Град Рим”


Бюстът, персонифициращ Рим, в лявата си ръка също държи кълбо/орб. Това вероятно изразява стремежа на Константинопол от там да установи владичеството си върху бившата територия на Западната римска империя. Поставянето на това изображение на трето място може би е свързано с факта че римските патриарси по това време де факто се назначават от Константинопол.



Бюст, персонифициращ Александрия


За надписът пред името на Александрия има различни тълкувания - пръв град, целокупен град, друг град.

към четвърта част >>

           Automatic localization of the optic disc in retinal fundus images using multiple features         
Qureshi, Touseef Ahmad and Amin, Hassan and Mahfooz, Hussain and Qureshi, Rashid Jalal and Al-Diri, Bashir (2013) Automatic localization of the optic disc in retinal fundus images using multiple features. In: Bioinformatics & Bioengineering (BIBE), 2012 IEEE, 11 - 13 November 2012, Larnaca, Cyprus.
           Towards a theoretical framework of consumers’ experiences in a multi-stakeholder context         
Bregoli, Ilenia (2013) Towards a theoretical framework of consumers’ experiences in a multi-stakeholder context. In: 6th International Conference on Services Management, 23rd – 25th June 2013, Cyprus.
           Preliminary findings regarding students’ predictions in novel situations: the role of self-generated analogies in non-scientific reasoning         
Fotou, Nikolaos and Abrahams, Ian (2013) Preliminary findings regarding students’ predictions in novel situations: the role of self-generated analogies in non-scientific reasoning. In: Proceedings of the ESERA 2013 Conference: Science Education Research For Evidence-based Teaching and Coherence in Learning, 2 - 7 September 2013, Nicosia, Cyprus.
           Improving the assessment of practical work in school science: lessons from an international comparison         
Abrahams, Ian and Reiss, Michael J. and Sharpe, Rachael (2013) Improving the assessment of practical work in school science: lessons from an international comparison. In: ESERA conference, 2nd - 7th September 2013, ESERA conference Nicosia, Cyprus.
           The impact of the ‘Getting practical: improving practical work in science’ CPD programme on teachers         
Abrahams, Ian and Reiss, Michael J. and Sharpe, Rachael (2013) The impact of the ‘Getting practical: improving practical work in science’ CPD programme on teachers. In: ESERA conference, 2nd - 7th September 2013, Nicosia, Cyprus.
          Investigators enlist Paul Manafort's son-in-law to gain insight into his twisted finances        

Former Trump campaign chair Paul Manafort already knew he was under close observation from the special counsel’s office. Politico is reporting that investigators have targeted his son-in-law as a potential cooperative witness.

Investigators approached Jeffrey Yohai, who has partnered in business deals with Manafort, earlier this summer, setting off “real waves” in Manafort’s orbit, one of these people said. Another of these people said investigators are trying to get “into Manafort’s head.”

This type of action, in which associates of the person under investigation are sought out as cooperating witnesses, is a common approach when building a case. In the case of Yohai, enough of his finances are entangled with those of Manafort that it’s possible the FBI could have offered a relief from possible charges in return for information detailing Manafort’s activities.

Manafort’s finances are filled with potential bombs. He maintained a shell company and bank account in Cyprus, mimicking the structure used by many oligarchs for international money laundering. He owed millions to pro-Russian sources at the time he worked for Trump. Ukranian officials have accused him of taking millions under the table to support anti-NATO work in their country. Immediately after leaving the Trump campaign, he got a series of mystery loans from unnamed sources that allowed him to buy a beach home and other properties. And he was involved in undisclosed foreign lobbying and only belatedly registered as a foreign agent in June.

It’s not clear how many of these deals also involved Yohai, but Manafort’s bank account clearly offers numerous lines of study.

Mueller would clearly have jurisdiction over any real estate dealings between Yohai, Manafort and Russians, Jeffress said. In addition, he could press Yohai for details on what he knows about Manafort’s role in the campaign.


          FBI raids home of Trump campaign chair Paul Manafort        

While multi-million loans from a secret source may buy a nice house, it doesn’t buy protection from this.

Federal agents appeared at Paul Manafort’s home without advance warning in the predawn hours of July 26, the day after he met voluntarily with the staff for the Senate Intelligence Committee.

The search warrant was wide-ranging and FBI agents working with special counsel Robert S. Mueller III departed the home with various records.

The Senate was originally unable to reach an agreement with Manafort, Trump’s former campaign chairman, over the terms of his testimony, and issued a subpoena. However, that was withdrawn before his agreement to hold a discussion with committee staff.

Manafort’s history, which includes working for a series of dictators and autocrats, features a prominent role in working directly for pro-Russian forces to upend the government in Ukraine and put a pro-Putin candidate in power. Manafort also worked to generate disruptions that served as an excuse for the Russian takeover of Crimea, including an attack on US Marines and protests against NATO.  

Despite his years of overseas work and lobbying for foreign governments in the United States, it wasn’t until June that Manafort finally registered as a foreign agent and admitted to millions in unreported payments. Manafort also maintained an office in Cyprus, and worked on what appeared to be money laundering schemes. Manafort’s efforts left him millions in debt to Russian oligarchs.

Exactly what records the FBI seized from Manafort’s oddly obtained house isn’t clear. However, he was present for that infamous Trump Tower meeting.

The documents are said to include notes Manafort took while attending a meeting with Donald Trump Jr. and a Russian lawyer at Trump Tower in June 2016.

Adoption. It’s all about adoption.


           The impact of organisational culture and structure on CSR and the creation of shared value: a case study of the Co-operative Banking Group         
Considine, Phil and Hingley, Martin (2013) The impact of organisational culture and structure on CSR and the creation of shared value: a case study of the Co-operative Banking Group. In: Cooperatives during crisis and post-crisis period, June 12th – 15th 2013, Cultural Center, European University, Nicosia, Cyprus.
          Nielsen przejmuje firmę badawczą MEMRB        
Koncern The Nielsen Company, kupił specjalizującą się w badaniach rynkowych firmę Middle East Market Research Bureau (MEMRB) - donosi &#8222;Cyprus Mail .
          Hidden Secrets of Northern Cyprus        
Based in delightful Kyrenia, one of the Mediterranean's most alluring locations, set against a backdrop of rugged hills and f...
          So why is China upset about Taiwan?        
Because Taiwan is, de facto, a separate country, but the mainland wants to keep up the pretence that it is entitled to do violence to it at any time if it so wishes.

It is the only a part of China that is not governed by the Communist Party of China (the People's Republic of China (PRC) because the Communists didn't manage to take over Taiwan and a handful of islands off of the mainland coast at the end of the Chinese Civil War.  The effect was that the previous government of China, the Republic of China (ROC), "temporarily relocated" its capital from Nanking to Taipei, with the Kuomintang (Nationalist Party) putting Taiwan and other islands (Kinmen, Penghu and Matsu Islands and some others) under its control in a state of emergency for over forty years.

The effect was not dissimilar to that of the two Koreas, except the two Koreas are of roughly equal geographical size and at one time similar GDPs (indeed the Republic of Korea "south" was poorer than the Democratic People's Republic of Korea "north" until the late 1960s). 

So as mainland China suffered under the jackboot of Chairman Mao for nearly thirty years, and lost tens of millions to executions and starvation, and stagnated, Taiwan was under the less brutal jackboot of Chiang Kai Shek for a similar period and became a rapidly developing industrial country. Of course since Mao died, China embraced corporatist capitalism and its economy has grown much like Taiwan did since the 1950s, but Taiwan also reformed although spent many years under tough authoritarian rule. In 1969 the first legislative elections were held to have representatives of Taiwan elected (all others were legislators who were elected before the end of the civil war representing Chinese provinces under "occupation" by the communists).  As those legislators passed away they were not replaced so by the 1990s, the entire legislative assembly was subject to competitive elections.  Martial law was ended in 1987 by Chiang Kai Shek's successor and son Chiang Ching-kuo, as Taiwan moved to being a fully fledged liberal democracy.  By 1992, remaining mainland representatives were removed so the entire legislative assembly was subject to competitive elections.  
Taiwan, as such, is a role model for China as an open, relatively free, liberal democracy, with rule of law, capitalism and political power tempered by the separation of powers.  This, of course, is a complete anathema to the Chinese Communist Party and the People's Republic of China.

Of course, Taiwan (or rather the Republic of China in Taiwan - remember Made in R.O.C. labels on goods made a few decades ago?) has had an interesting history of international relations.   With the exception of the UK (primarily out of concern of Hong Kong), most Western countries did not recognise the Communist takeover of China immediately.  Australia and New Zealand did not until 1972, and even the United Nations seat for China was held by the Republic of China until 1971, as the United States vetoed the Chinese Communist regime (as it was called) from taking its seat despite strong efforts by friendly communist countries and developing countries lobbying on behalf of the PRC.  Albania became Beijing's biggest champion.  Both Beijing and Taipei regimes rejected each other being represented on the UN, but the US pushed for the PRC to be represented, not least because it seemed absurd that the world's most populous country (and a nuclear power) were not represented.  So the PRC was admitted, and the ROC expelled.   In 1979, the US switched recognition from the ROC to the PRC, but gave Taiwan a military security guarantee, as the PRC had always (and still does) reserve the right to reunify Taiwan by force.  

Both Chinese regimes refused to have diplomatic relations with any country that recognised the other, but the ROC on Taiwan dropped this in the 1990s, as it had lost recognition and embassies with almost all countries as few could refuse the commercial, diplomatic and strategic benefits of having good relations with mainland China.  Once Saudi Arabia (which had resisted the PRC because of its atheism) and South Africa (which shifted recognition not long after the end of apartheid) had dropped Taiwan, the ROC would only retain diplomatic relations with small Pacific Island, African or Latin American states, mostly through aid programmes (although this ended in 2000 as the PRC was able to outbid the ROC).

So Taiwan remains an oddity.  In every de facto sense, it is an independent country, with a military, government and informal diplomatic relations with many countries.  However, the PRC stops it from having formal diplomatic relations because it doesn't like the only part of China it didn't win in the civil war having a parallel status to it in international organisations or bilateral relations.  It claims that to do so would imply there are "two Chinas", which of course there are as there are two Koreas, and were two Germanys and two Yemens (and even two Cypruses) regardless of claims of legitimacy.

So Donald Trump accepting a phone call from the democratically elected President of the ROC should not be a big deal, except for Beijing, it ruffles their sensitivities over reality.  The US has a defence treaty with Taiwan, and should make it clear than any attack on Taiwan will be rebuffed by the US.  The ROC on Taiwan shares the values of the United States and other Western democracies, the values of freedom, individual rights and government that is determined by the consent of the governed.  The fact that this concerns the Chinese Communist Party is good, for it could do much worse than look at Taiwan and see an example of transition from one-party authoritarian rule to vibrant vigorous liberal democracy.   Peace between Taiwan and the mainland is critical for both, so I think there is little real risk of any aggression from the PRC, but it should be clearer than that.  A renewed US commitment to Taiwan because of its values.  

          EU truths and untruths        
With the UK now voting as to whether it remains in the EU or stirs up what has been described as "the biggest change in European politics since the fall of the Berlin Wall" (although the war in Yugoslavia and the first genocide since the Nazis ought to come close), I thought I'd run through some of the claims of both sides that are intellectually dishonest.

Remain

3 million jobs are linked to trade with the EU: Well yes, but then nobody is saying trade with the EU will end and nobody campaigning to leave wants inferior trading conditions.  The European Free Trade Association provides free trade with the EU, with Switzerland, Norway and Iceland all members.  The idea that leaving the EU means 3 millions jobs are at risk is a gross exaggeration.   However, if the EU is bloody minded and puts up tariff barriers equivalent to what it does for the rest of the world. it is a 4% average tariff on UK trade to the EU, which is negative for jobs, but hardly a huge risk. 

If the UK leaves the EU, you might need a visa to visit the EU: Nonsense.  You don't need a visa to visit the EU from the US, Canada, Australia, NZ or any of the EFTA member states.  What would change is having the right to live there.  Given those wanting to leave mostly want to end the free movement of people, that could be a concern for some. 

Leaving the EU will create a recession: No it wont.  The worst estimates are a small reduction in economic growth, but the long run estimates are a 6% long term slowing of growth if the UK gets the most inferior trading conditions likely with the EU (and assuming the UK has no free trade agreements with any other countries, like the US, Japan and China).  It also assumes the UK does not cut any EU regulation out at all.  In short, the Treasury estimates used by the Government of a recession are based on leaving the EU, and not taking advantage of the new freedom to trade and freedom to relieve the economy of EU Directives that impose costs on growth.

The EU means food, petrol, flights, energy and mobile phone charges are lower: Unmitigated rubbish, quite the opposite.  The EU Common Agricultural Policy inflates the price of food in the EU by 17% over market prices.  The EU legally requires all Member States to tax petrol by at least around 32p/l (but the UK government taxes it at 80% more than that).  The Single Aviation Market goes beyond the EU, with many non-EU countries as participants.  Norwegian Airlines has grown rapidly in the past couple of years, expanding long haul flights between the UK and US.  Norway is not in the EU. The EU inflates energy prices, by requiring minimum levels of taxation on gas and electricity bills, and imposing renewable energy obligations on member states.  Yes mobile roaming in the EU is lower than it would have been had the EU not enforced it, but it's clear EU protectionism and "normalisation" of regulations imposes costs on consumers. 

The £10 billion paid into the EU is "returned' many times over: No it's not.  What is returned is free trade, which should never be at the cost of paying for farming subsidies or infrastructure investment in other countries.  Leaving the EU doesn't mean an end to trading with the EU. 

The EU has 50 trade agreements we lose access to:  Many of which are with micro-states/territories, like San Marino, Andorra, Liechtenstein, Faroe Islands, Guernsey.  The only significant economies with deals are Mexico, South Africa and South Korea.  The UK could readily negotiate during the transition deals easily as good or better, as the main forces for protectionism in trade are the likes of France.

Staying in means reform:  That's highly unlikely.  David Cameron couldn't even get all the reforms he asked for with a threat of Brexit (which clearly the EU saw through as being unlikely), why would it happen after a vote to Remain?  The UK holds 9% of the MEP seats in the European Parliament, and although it is a significant contributor, reform is sclerotic.  The EU hasn't significantly cut back any of its activities and always finds new ones.  It is a political project of integration, and shows little sign of ever caring what is thought of it.

David Cameron's deal means unemployed EU migrants can be deported:  No, they can't. EU citizens can't be deported from Member States unless they are a threat to national security or criminals.  

Leave

Leaving the EU will fix the immigration "problem":  Assuming the problem is too many immigrant, and the failure of the Government to cut annual immigration to less than 100,000 people, leaving the EU will enable the UK to ration EU immigration like it does for non-EU.  However, non- EU immigration is already over 150,000 per annum.  Nobody is saying Brexit means deporting immigrants (thankfully).  Most concerns over immigration are perceptions about access to taxpayer provided services, and more often than not reflect the bankruptcy of the world's biggest health bureaucracy, which is treated as a religion never to be reformed (NHS), the bizarre legal obligation of all local authorities to ensure anyone who lives in the UK has housing (including rooms in hotels paid for by taxpayers), the open access to compulsory education and the sclerotic way the UK restrains supply of housing and roads.   Leaving the EU wont solve any of that, but then those wanting to stay in the EU are also devoid of responses to what are more fundamental problems.  

Turkey is joining soon: No it's not.  Notwithstanding David Cameron's hypocrisy over the issue, it is difficult to see Cyprus accepting Turkey until there is settlement over northern Cyprus, or Greece accepting Turkey until Turkey secures its southern borders with Syria and Iraq.  However, Serbia, Montenegro, FYR Macedonia and Albania will all likely be members within 10 years.

Money saved will be spent on the NHS:  Well the half that is a rebate and is current subsidies wont change, although there is a chance to make some serious saving there.  The rest?  Well it can go on many things, but there is a case for simply cutting the deficit by £10 billion a year.  After all, despite George Osborne's platitudes, the UK government is still overspending.  What happens with the money is up to the government.  The Leave campaign is not the government.  Yes leaving the EU wont save £350 million a week, more like half that, but the rebate is not set in a treaty, and the spending 

UK will be drawn into the Euro and ever closer union: The UK has a treaty opt-out of the Euro and has to agree to treaties for ever closer union, but it wont mean it doesn't face the costs of ever closer union.  That will depend on future negotiations.

The UK can get trade access as good as the Single Market without free movement of people:  This is unlikely, simply because it would mean the Single Market is undermined and would be a massive backtracking of the principles of the EU.  Signing up to EFTA or the EEA will mean some compromise on this.

          Egg and lemon soup – how to make avgolemono        
This is the ultimate frugal soup if you live in rural Cyprus and keep your own hens. Don’t worry, it’s fine if you don’t. It’s also bloody delicious despite the unpromising name. In our family it’s usually tacked on at the beginning of the Christmas feast as KP adores it, but this year made an […]
          The 'who's who' of European tax havens        
Will Germany, UK and Netherlands end up in the OECD "black list" of terrible "tax havens"?



Forget about the Bahamas, Panama, Cayman Islands, or Fiji. If you want to avoid paying taxes and have no problem with dicey business practices, Europe has a lot to offer.

Europe is far from innocent in the international offshore tax evasion industry, as the Tax Justice Network (TJN) recently demonstrated. Many European countries, with their stable infrastructure and professional personnel, provide fertile ground for businesses or individuals to evade taxes.

Andorra
There are more than a few gaps that need to be filled in Europe, according to Markus Meinzer of the TJN. He helped paint a picture of who's who among European tax havens.
The independent mini-state of Andorra in the Pyrenees, which is not a part of the European Union, offers a secretive place for those in neighboring countries to stash their money. Particularly attractive is the personal service offered by banking advisers there. It's also easy for Spaniards and French to simply drive there to deposit cash. Afterwards, one can always tank up and buy cigarettes there - tax-free, of course.

Austria
As a country sharing borders with Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, the Czech Republic and Switzerland, Austria draws foreign capital by promising secrecy to account holders. It caters especially to Europe's German-speaking population, Meinzer said. But he also said that he knows of Argentines who, for example, combine investing in Austrian bonds with the advantages of bank secrecy. Due precisely to the lack of financial transparency and its geographic location, Austria has also attracted wealth from Arab world dictators for decades.
Channel Islands
The British Channel Islands Jersey, Guernsey and Sark are home to hundreds of financial institutions and insurance companies drawn to their simple and low taxes. While Jersey probably "hides the most dirty business," according to Meinzer, Guernsey is the most innovative.
With its so-called self-protected companies, an apparent single company is organized into cells with protective legal walls between them. And on Sark, according to British newspaper The Guardian, there are 24 companies registered for each of the approximately 600 inhabitants.
Cyprus
Cyprus is the perfect example of what can go wrong with depending on such dubious business models. It was particularly oriented toward former Soviet countries, and acted as a hub for them. Transactions over letterbox companies brought money into Cyprus, then back to countries like Russia - thus avoiding Russian tax authorities. But since the Cyprus bailout , in part by the EU, the Mediterranean island will have to come up with a new business model.
England
England, with London, represents one of the largest hubs for tax evasion and capital flight. Meinzer described London as "the mother of all tax havens" since the zone, which does not answer to the crown, has developed a network that continues to bring money back to the capital of the former empire. Money flows from there to British Channel Islands, such as Guernsey, Jersey or to the Isle of Man, then overseas to British territories in the Caribbean, such as the Cayman or Virgin Islands - or in Europe, to Gibraltar. London, is the seat of many dubious "letterbox companies," which only exist on the Internet.
Germany
Frankfurt skyline Foto: Frank Rumpenhorst dpa/lhe
Frankfurt is a great place for foreign investors to earn tax-free interest
Germany protects the data of foreign investors, who also don't have to pay taxes on interest.
Only Germans, or foreigners resident in Germany, have to actually shell out a flat rate withholding tax on interest income, Meinzer said.
Information on such yields also rarely flows out of Germany, he added: "Foreign investors with German accounts are protected with a certain degree of anonymity."
That's why Germany ranks ninth in the world for financial secrecy, according to TJN.
Gibraltar
At the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar has specialized in allowing such letterbox companies, called "trusts." The structure of such trusts means there is no real owner of the company. They are often used to add a layer of secrecy to letterbox companies, Meinzer said, which is particularly good for money laundering.
Meinzer cited insider information in calling it "the dirty end of the spectrum" for bringing money back into financial markets. The presence of many gambling casinos there also comes into play.
Ireland
It's called the "double Irish" in the financial world: A company founds two subsidiaries in Ireland with its business tax rate of 12.5 percent. Then, one claims to be based in a different tax haven. (Comparable taxes in the United States, for example, are around 35 percent.)


This is completely legal in Ireland, and therefore an optimal location for companies such as Google, Apple or Amazon.While the one company does business in Europe, it pays the other patent fees. Profits vanish, as costs and income equal out on the balance sheet.
Although other countries like the Netherlands offer similar models, Meinzer said the difference is that people do actually work in Ireland, which at least creates some jobs and a bit of growth in the country.
Isle of Man
Taxes are kind of an afterthought on this island between England, Scotland and Ireland. Inheritances and capital gains aren't taxed at all, while the highest level of taxation lies at 20 percent. Corporate tax is nonexistent. It's especially loved as a hidey-hole for British millionaires.
Luxemburg
Luxembourg is the second-largest financial hub in Europe, after London. Innumerable investors and around 150 different banks enjoy a lenient tax framework in Europe's stocks and bonds center. Luxembourg's status as an EU member makes it particularly attractive for European companies and the international market, Meinzer explained. "If I want to get around German laws, for example, I could go through Luxembourg," Meinzer said, adding that 40 German banks do business there.


With its low tax rates, Malta, like Cyprus, has long drawn foreign capital. Although corporate taxes are around 35 percent, companies can get most of that refunded.
It's a favorite among German companies, which earn a higher profit if based on Malta. Meinzer said that while it's clearly a tax paradise for companies, it's not clear if that's also the case for individuals.
Monaco
The Principality of Monaco continues to be home to the rich and famous, being surrounded by France. Millionaires happily set themselves up there due to the fact that they pay no income or inheritance taxes. The city-state also does not prosecute financial crimes committed abroad. Businesses, however, must pay taxes there - at rates of around 33 percent. France, though it doesn't play an active role, lends a protective hand, Meinzer said.
Netherlands
What Luxembourg is for private investors, the Netherlands is for large corporations. Business taxes are incredibly low, with many tax advantages for interest and licensing income.
With the "Dutch sandwich," a parent company has a subsidiary in the Netherlands, which it uses as a cheap tax base to develop its European business.
Switzerland
Although there are supposedly no more completely anonymous bank accounts in Switzerland (and neighboring Liechtenstein), it continues to draw large sums of money due to its strict banking secrecy. Considering the volume of money in Switzerland, it made first place on the TJN's Financial Secrecy Index.
Full text in http://www.dw.de/


          MENON online Journal Of Educational Research, 2nd Thematic Issue        

INTRODUCTION TO THEMATIC ISSUE

“The Use of History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education”

The question of the integration of the History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education has been discussed since the 20th century by Educators (Barwell, Brousseau, Freudental, Piaget), Philosophers (Bachelard), Mathematicians (Klein, Poincare), and Historians of Mathematics (Loria, Smith), who have supported the proposal and have given arguments on the interest and challenges in school Mathematics courses.

Since the 1960s the use of the history of mathematics in mathematics education has become more popular and many papers in scientific journals, books, proceedings of conferences and groups of researchers have focused on this in contrast to the paradigm of the “modern mathematics” reform. We can find many didactical situations, mathematical problems, teaching series but also empirical and theoretical studies, Master and Phd level dissertations on the role and the ways of using historical, social and cultural elements in the teaching of mathematics. During the 2nd International Congress on Mathematics Education (ICME) in 1972 we have the creation of an International research group (International study group on the relation between the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics (HPM)) which organizes a congress every 4 years. The idea of a European Summer University (ESU) on the Epistemology and History in Mathematics Education started from the Instituts Universitaires de Formation de Maîtres (IUFM) in France, and an ESU is organized every three years in different European countries. Since 2009 in the context of the Congress of the European Society for Mathematics Education (CERME) we have also the appearance of a discussion group on The Role of History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education: Theory and Research (WG 12). This group also concentrates on empirical research. We should also mention the publication of the ICMI study History in mathematics education: the ICMI study (Fauvel & van Maanen, 2000) which presents the state of the art until this period. 

Since the publication of this study, researchers address in a more demanding way questions about the efficacy and pertinence of many efforts (examples) of applications in classrooms. They are also wondering about the transferability of positive experiences from educators on different levels of education. They are considering questions on the capacity of students but also of educators when they were in front of the difficulties of studying the historical aspect of many notions.

Recently researchers΄ activities are moving to investigations in terms of didactic and educational foundations from which they believe that it could be possible to think better about the role of the history of mathematics in the teaching and learning of mathematics and the development of theoretical and conceptual frameworks which could provide the required equipment for the production of finer and more focus investigations.

These issues include, among others, the educational and teaching foundations of a cultural-historical perspective in the classroom, the need to give voice to community stakeholders about the introduction and more broadly, the nature and the terms of the empirical investigation prevailing in the research environment.

Parallel to these advancements in research, an attempt to humanize Mathematics is increasingly present in the mathematics curricula worldwide.

For over 20 years, the presence of the history of mathematics in training teachers’ environments has increased considerably in many countries. However, despite the different objectives associated with the introduction of the history of mathematics in training mathematics teachers, this presence, implicit or explicit, took the form of specific initiatives for each establishment of teacher training.

By browsing through the literature since 1990, it is possible to classify the empirical studies on the use of history in the mathematics classroom into two categories: studies that relate to the narrative of grounded experiences and quantitative studies on a larger scale.

Overall, it appears necessary to restore the research field on the introduction of History in the teaching and learning of mathematics within Didactics of mathematics and more generally with the educational sciences. This repositioning should enable research to get inspired from the contexts of the exploratory work from Humanities as well as theoretical, conceptual and methodological issues from the Didactics of mathematics and educational sciences.

This issue includes eight invited papers. Six papers are written in English and two in French. Each text is accompanied by an abstract in English. The following papers discuss specific issues in the domain of Using History of Mathematics in Mathematics Education and are ordered according to the instructional level; from elementary school to the university and in service teachers training.

  • Evelyne Barbin suggests a new thinking on technique, proposed in the texts of Simondon and Rabardel. Her purpose, in introducing an historical instrumental approach of geometrical teaching for students aged 11-14 years, is to show how an instrument can be conceived both as an invention to solve problems and as a knowledge or theorem in action. In particular, she stresses the links between different varieties of instruments and different kinds of knowledge and shows the consequences of an instrumental failure for the construction of new knowledge. Her goal is a coherent using where teaching is based on families of instruments.
  • Matthaios Anastasiadis and Konstantinos Nikolantonakis describe the context of an instructional intervention focused on isoperimetric figures and area-perimeter relationships with the use of one historical note and two primary sources, from Pappus’ Collection and from Polybius’ Histories. Their findings are based on classroom observations, worksheets and interviews with sixth grade Greek students.
  • Vasiliki Tsiapou and Konstantinos Nikolantonakis present part of a research study that intended to use the Chinese abacus for the development of place value concepts and the notion of carried number with sixth grade Greek students.
  • Ingo Witzke, Horst Struve, Kathleen Clark and Gero Stoffels describe how the concepts of empirical and formalistic belief systems can be used to give an explanation for the transition from school to university mathematics during an intensive Seminar. They stress the usefulness of this approach by outlining the historical sources and the participants’ activities with the sources on which the seminar is based, as well as some results of the qualitative data gathered during and after the seminar.
  • David Guillemette tries to highlight some difficulties that have been encountered during the implementation of reading activities of historical texts in the preservice teachers training context. He describes a history of mathematics course offered at the Université du Québec à Montréal, with reading activities that have been constructed and implemented in class and the efforts made by the students and the trainer to articulate both synchronic and diachronic reading, in order to not uproot the text and his author from their socio-historical and mathematical context.
  • Michael Kourkoulos and Constantinos Tzanakis present and analyze a teaching work on Pascal’s wager realized with Greek students, prospective elementary school teachers, in the context of a probability and statistics course. They focus on classroom discussion concerning mathematical modeling activities, connecting elements of probability theory and decision theory with elements of philosophical discussions.
  • Areti Panaoura examines in-service teachers’ beliefs and knowledge about the use of the history of mathematics in the framework of the inquiry-based teaching approach at the educational system of Cyprus, and the difficulties teachers face in adopting and implementing this specific innovation in primary education.
  • Snezana Lawrence offers ideas for teachers to engage with mathematics through the historical ‘journeys’ and relationship with art and cultural and intellectual history. She treats the question of how teachers could find their own ‘mathematical’ voice through series of historical investigations and what impact that may have on their teaching and pupils’ progress.

Aknowledgements

Firstly, I would like to express my warmest thanks to Christina Gkonou[1] for her precious efforts to read and ameliorate the English texts.

Secondly, I would also like to express my thanks to the Editorial Committee of Menon Journal for giving me the chance to work this Thematic Issue on the field of Using History in Mathematics Education.

Finally, I would like to express my grateful thanks to my Colleagues who sustain with their papers this publication.

 

The Editor of the 2nd Thematic Issue of

MENON: Journal for Educational Research

 

Konstantinos Nikolantonakis, Associate Professor

University of Western Macedonia, Greece

 

 

Download the 2nd Thematic Issue from here.

Browse the Journal articles

 

 


[1] Christina Gkonou is Lecturer in Teaching English as a Foreign Language in the Department of Language and Linguistics at the University of Essex, UK. She received her BA from Aristotle University and her MA and PhD from the University of Essex. Her research interests are in foreign language pedagogy and the psychology of language learning and teaching.

 


          Reactie op Herdenking Armeense genocide door S. Ellen Konne (@e_konne)        
D66, GL, PvdA en Megamoskee voor jihadisten! Erdogan geeft weer een bindend stemadvies aan turken in Nederland. Turkse dictator kiest voor Pechtold. Want D66, net als alle andere moslims, ontkent de Armeense genocide en is nu fanatieker geworden dan de PvdA! Het belangrijkste verkiezingsthema voor Turken is dat de Armeense genocide geen genocide genoemd mag worden! Verder, willen ze dat naievelingen de rechten van Koerden ontkennen en bezetting van Noord-Cyprus door Turkije geoed praten. D66 laat ze daartoe alle ruimte... De slappe, bange politici zijn op geen enkele manier opgewassen tegen de ambities van 5e colonne en gaan stuk voor stuk voor hen buigen. De Turkse islamisten vergeten voorlopig de rest van de verworvenheden en standpunten van D66! Pechtold leest moslims de les en vertelt ze, dat Turken tegen de Armenieers en Koerden gelijk hebben. Hij nomineert zich dus als opvolger van de massamoordenaars! Stem niet op deze favoriete bloedzuigers! Gemeente Gouda onder leiding van D66 en PvdA, bouwt een megamoskee en worden Jihadisten via een omweg potentieel binnengehaald. D66 wilt nu ook in Gouda jihad zaadje planten. D66 in Gouda blijft vasthouden aan de vestiging van de nieuwe salafistische kazerne in Gouda Noord. D66 wethouders beweren dat de moskeebouwers "gematigde moslims" zijn, maar in werkelijkheid zijn deze islamisten en jihadi’s hetzelfde. Het is diept triest dat men niets meer durft te zeggen over met dit Jihad gemotiveerde activiteiten van D66 en PvdA. Door de D66, GL en PvdA georganiseerde moslims in Gouda, Utrecht, Rotterdam en Amsterdam, onder leiding van salafisten zijn de voedingsbodem voor ISIS, Hamas en Al-Qaeda. Deze Moslims worden nu gefaciliteerd in hun intolerantie. D66, net als PvdA, met zoveel Turkse en Arabische infiltranten, is allang geen Nederlandse partij meer. Nederlanders hebben geen enkel vertrouwen in het kabinet en dan nota bene gedoogpartner D’66 als het beste alternatief zien. Een permanente jihadistische voedingsbodem onderhouden, is je eigen ondergang versnellen door je eigen civilisatie verder te laten vervangen voor het nihilisme dat islam heet! Zodat politici die hiervoor blind wensen te blijven, hebben het volk verraden en hebben blootgesteld aan een van de gevaarlijkste ideologieën die ooit door de mens is bedacht.
          SMALL PEOPLE WITH HATS        

There are small people wearing hats in the society.

Graduation film from the Royal College of Art, 2014
Hand-drawn on paper

A film by Sarina Nihei

Sound design by Horret Kuus B6 STUDIOS
et-ee.facebook.com/B6Studios.Sound
imdb.com/name/nm1841731/

Awards

Grand Prize and Best Sound prize at Ottawa International Animation Film Festival 2015
Grand Prix of Primanima 2014, Budaörs, Hungary
Best Student Film at Anim'est 2014 in Bucharest, Romania
Korea Animation Producers Association President’s Prize at PISAF, Puchon, Korea
Special mention Anima 2015, Brussels
Grand Prix student film at HAFF 2015
Grand Prix of IdeasTap Graduate award Short Film
Special mention at Countryside Animafest Cyprus 2015

SCREENINGS

Anim'est 2014 Bucharest, Romania
PISAF 2014 Puchon, Korea
ReAnimania 2014 Yerevan, Armenia
Primanima 2014 Budaörs, Hungary
London International Animation Festival 2014
Greenhorn short film festival, London
IFF Etiuda&Anima 2014 Kracow, Poland
Animated Dreams, Tallinn Estonia
GIRAF, Calgary
Sommets du cinema d'animation
Animateka, Ljubljana Slovenia
Istanbul Animation Festival, Turkey
Clermont-Ferrand International Short Film Festival 2015
Anima 2015, Brussels
HAFF, Netherlands
Flatpack film festival, UK
Animex awards 2015, UK
EYEWORKS festival 2015, US
Mecal 17, Spain
IndieLisboa, Portugal
Athens Animfest, Greece
Anifilm, Czech Republic
Northwest animation festival
Annecy International Animated Film Festival 2015
Rooftop Films, NY 2015
Lago Film Fest 2015
Countryside Animafest Cyprus 2015
Anima Mundi, Brazil
Guanajuato International Film Festival
Anibar Animation Festival 2015, Kosovo
Concorto Film Festival, Italy
Fantoche 2015
Ottawa International Animation Festival 2015
Encounters short Film and Animation Festival 2015
ARS Independent Festival, Katowice, Poland 2015
Uppsala international short film festival, Sweden 2015

Cast: Sarina Nihei

Tags: graduation film, RCA, Royal College of Art and Sarina Nihei


          Cherry Season        


Привет!

В этом году деревья в саду подарили нам такой урожай вишни и черешни, что я точно наелась этими ягодами на год вперед :) Но это не мешает мне с удовольствием носить мое платье с вишенками Privacy Please. Все-таки "вишня" - это самый летний принт и один из моих ÑÐ°Ð¼Ñ‹Ñ… любимых! 

Я никогда не подгоняю одежду по фигуре, потому что, во-первых, мне лень и я лучше верну вещь, если она ну совсем плохо села (к счастью, это бывает редко). А во-вторых в Петербурге я так и не смогла найти ателье, которому я бы не побоялась доверить свои вещи. Но в Пятигорске мне повезло - мама посоветовала мне отличную портниху, которая имеет огромный опыт в пошиве одежды. Поэтому я решила воспользоваться такой возможностью и подогнать это платье по фигуре и укоротить его. В оригинале платье длиннее (на мой рост - практически макси) и сидит свободнее. На всякий случай пишу об этом, чтобы вы учли это, если решите его приобрести.

Мастер, кстати, очень хвалила материал и качество пошива платья, и я с ней согласна - люблю платья этого бренда, как все уже заметили, наверное :) Они просто спасают меня в жару (вчера было +32, например!).

Из такой же ткани бренд отшил еще ÐºÐ¾Ñ€Ð¾Ñ‚кое платье и вот такое платье в бельевом стиле. Кстати, такое же платье, как у меня, есть еще в нескольких расцветках: белоеголубое, нюдовое, синее с ромашками Ð¸  Ñ тропическими цветами. А вот платье другого бренда с крупными вишнями и красивым вырезом и блуза с таким же принтом (надеть с джинсовыми шортами - и образ современной pin up girl готов! :).

Как вы считаете, правильно ли я сделала, что ушила и подрезала платье? Или лучше было оставить его в том виде, в котором его демонстрирует модель?


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NANNACAY Goa Ciao Straw Tote



Платье / Dress - Privacy Please
(еще платья с вишенками - раз, два, три)

Корзинка / Straw bag - Nannacay

Очки / Sunglasses - Cheap Monday

Повязка на голову / Headband - Monki
(еще повязки раз, два, три)

Туфли / Shoes - Dolce&Gabbana
(еще красные лодочки раз, два, три, четыре)

Автозагар / Self tan - St.Tropez



          By: pq        
farrar blandly states above on masters orders, " These crises would have been a lot shorter if the countries involved — Greece, Portugal, Spain, now Cyprus, soon Slovenia, and perhaps Italy for a second time — had possessed their own currencies. But all of them use the euro, so their monetary policy is set in Frankfurt at the ECB. Instead of devaluing their currencies in order to spur exports and ease the repayment of debts, all of these countries have had to undergo some combination of fiscal austerity, deflation, and, most notably in Cyprus’s case, loss of assets." what Farrar is stating here is NZFirst policy. NZ is in trouble and should devalue. Come on out farrar be brave, come on out Farra be brave
          By: Reid        
<i>In this case, it appears that there was ” the quick and the poor”.</i> Or possibly the well-informed and the ill-informed. And where did the well-informed get their info from? <i>The lesson is you can’t have monetary union without fiscal union. Monetary policy and fiscal policy need to work together.</i> The lesson is, the model for a one world govt is apparently falling over for that reason. Given that, you can choose either to believe the people who designed the model didn't know what they were doing or that this issue (the GFC I mean not just say, Italy or Cyprus or Greece or any other individual member state's current predicament) is merely another milestone along the long and winding road leading eventually to creating circumstances that result in the member nation states giving up their sovereignty, voluntarily or by force and coercion, economic or otherwise. Given that it is a no brainer for your averagely well-educated economist to have predicted that a bunch of less productive nations trading off German interest-rates isn't sustainable in the long term, and given that the people who designed the model are far more well educated than your said average economist in all sorts of disciplines and have unrestricted access to the best intelligence and datasets, and given that these people share deep connections with the same sort of people who operate in all the major power centres all over the world including the US, Asia, Africa, the ME and little ole us in the SP, what's the likely answer to the above? The alternative of course is to merely listen to the MSM as they rabbit on breathlessly as if its all just a bunch of random stuff that happens, today Cyprus, tomorrow who knows and pretend that those people really do tell it like it actually is and there are no patterns, no plans, no underlying objectives, all of which fits perfectly with most people's worldview, not because it's probably true but simply because most people have never bothered to turn their minds to the alternative hypothesis and explored the likelihood or otherwise of those alternatives. Sad really, because history tells us which of those two alternatives is the more likely and despite most people knowing that well known quote about what history does when they forget it, they still forget it. That's the lesson. It's a fascinating period in the EU evolution, or devolution. If you adopt the former perspective as a hypothesis, the only possible way they can achieve their goal of amalgamating all those ancient, strongly-protective sovereign nations, is to make conditions so bad the people have no alternative but to go with giving up their sovereignty, simply to make the never-ending pain with no end in sight, go away. And as we all know, conditions aren't yet anywhere near that level, not by a long shot. And then on top of that you lay over the UK obduracy and their very good rational argument which the local politicians point to about being a world financial centre. But what if Shanghai and Moscow was to take over that role from NY and London? Not now, not even in ten years, but say, in twenty? Those two centres have all the infrastructure, all the equipment, all the people needed to do just that, and frankly, once Shanghai gets going, it will easily eclipse NY and Moscow will do the same to London. We are in 2013 on the cusp of massive worldwide change in terms of shifts in the power centres of gravity. The olde world all of us grew up in where the Western nations ruled the waves and the science and wrote the history following their conquests, is over. The olde world is a hollow shell of what it once was. The olde world can't even successfully fight an asymmetric war against thugs armed with rifles and homemade explosives. Of course this is because the olde world has been and is being furiously white-anted by its own political leaders, not just in that campaign but in their economies as well. I mean just look what offshoring has wrought in the US manufacturing sector, for one relatively tiny but highly damaging example. There is no way the US can recover its economy without that sector, and it doesn't have it anymore. So like I said, you can if you like continue to look at it precisely as the MSM presents it: a mere bunch of stuff that randomly happens with no direction, no guidance, no plans. Or you can look at history and see what that says, and then turn your mind to considering the possibility, just as a mere hypothesis - it doesn't have to be true, you just have to drop your scepticism and consider it as a hypothesis rather than outright dismissing it as nonsense because then you'll subconsciously bias your evidence assessment - who, if anyone, has wrought all of this we see happening around us. On the history question, I'm reading <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Lessons_of_History" rel="nofollow">The Lessons of History by Will and Ariel Durrant</a> at the moment. Only up to chapter 6 so far but it's quite interesting. It won't give you insight into the above questions, but it will give you a sense of how history repeats, over and over and over again.
          By: Ed Snack        
Actually, I believe that this has been rather badly reported. The Cypriot banks had a large exposure to Greek Bonds (they were paying good interest originally, and there';s a lot of political affinity). Thus when the EU "negotiated" a substantial haircut for private Greek bond holders, they cut the asset base out from under the Cypriot banks. That is, the Cypriot banks became insolvent because a big chunk of their assets became worthless when the Greeks defaulted. Now what do you do with insolvent banks ? The textbook example would be that first the shareholders lose their investment, yep that happens in Cyprus; then the bold holder setc to the banks, yep, they lose; the finally, the depositors get whatever value remains, with a special exemption for "insured" depositors as there is a government guarantee for amounts under 100K Euro; Yep, that looks like happening. So where's the theft ? What the eventual solution looks like being is a textbook case to wind up an insolvent bank, only the EU Taxpayer (read German taxpayer) is ponying up a few billion Euro as well for some reason to allow the Cypriot Government to meet its obligations on insured deposits. The original public proposal, to levy the insured depositors, was, as I see it, just a PR fig-leaf for the Cypriot government to say to the Russians that "we really tried to salvage some of their money, but we couldn't..." The EU and the IMF originally proposed just about the exact deal that has now been struck, it was a Cypriot initiative to levy the insured amounts. I guess the alternatives are either the Irish one, have the taxpayer stump up for the lot (but the Cypriot government couldn't and the Germans refused), or the Icelandic, let the chips fall where they may and tough titty depositors (but the EU liked that even less). I reckon it ain't anything like theft, your money's in an insolvent bank, not nice, but shit happens. Word has it that the Russian Oligarchs mostly were wise to this, and it was the precipitate flight of a great deal of hot (or at least extremely warm) Russian money that helped trigger the crisis. In this case, it appears that there was " the quick and the poor".
          By: lastmanstanding        
IMHO the biggest issue with Cyprus is that we now have a precident where a government can steal money from a citizens bank account to prop up that government and fix the problems both the government and the bank have cuased. Now I realise that in this case Merkel et al are getting their hands on dirty money laundered by the Russian Mafia but the principle has now been set. So at some point in the future a NZ government will be able to point to the Cyprus theft as a justification to raid my and your bank account and take whatever sum they wish. Doesnt exactly give me any confidence to keep any money in a bank. And while we are on the subject again IMHO mid term deposits say 1 to 2 years should be earning me 4% to 5% PLUS the rate of inflation PLUS the tax I am required to pay on the interest. Otherwise I am subsidising profligate borrowers.
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Top World News Now                 
February 26, 2013



United States
Obama To Tell Israelis of Plan for Iran War
Obama's Paycheck Exempt From 'Sequester'
White House Sells Meetings with Obama for $500k
Pentagon to Keep Gen. Allen Probe a Secret
Kerry: US to Hasten Syria Government Change
Kerry’s first overseas trip off to shaky start
Bill unveiled to legalize medical pot
Why Should Taxpayers Give Big Banks $83 Billion a Year?
Listen up ladies! Next time there's a draft, Uncle Sam might want you too
Homeland Security Chief Threatens Long TSA Lines From Sequester
TB outbreak: LAPD urges officers to wear masks
US Internet providers start spy program to stop file-sharing
Billions at stake: US and BP clash in court over Gulf oil spill
Nation of Islam asks for gang protection
New York City homelessness continues to set new records
Canadian Asteroid-Hunting Satellite Launched into Space


Russia
Putin's KGB/FSB Converging with New IMF Banking FSB
Putin signs radical anti-tobacco bill into law
In Putin's Russia, Shooting the Messenger
Medvedev: No Grounds for New ‘Cold War’
Deputy FM Ryabkov: Iran sanctions may be lifted
Zyuganov reelected Communist chief, vows reset in left-wing politics
China, Russia ink major energy deal
Moscow 'regrets' treatment of Russians abroad
Moscow Welcomes Release of 15 Russian Sailors in Nigeria
1kg meteorite piece found in Russian Urals, biggest chunk yet discovered
Moscow Police Seize Large Cache of ‘Black Market’ Weapons
At Least 17 Amur Tigers Dead in Russia's Far East in 2012
Protests in Ukraine as EU gives May ultimatum
Ukraine wields natural gas trump card in Brussels
As Medvedev is savaged, Putin silent
State Duma Backs Putin's Foreign Assets Bill


China
Xi vows peaceful path on Taiwan
Xi calls for cross-Strait cooperation in realizing "Chinese dream"
Xi rewards Chinese missile brigade for launching 100 missiles
Hu Jintao meets KMT honorary chairman
State councilor meets South Korea's new president
South Korea's Park Warns North Against Nuclear Pursuits
Foreign Ministry: All Japanese activities regarding Diaoyu Islands illegal
Min of Environmental Protection refuses to release data from soil contamination investigation
China to halt approvals for small coal mines
2 Tibetan Monks Self-Immolate as Anti-China Protests Continue
Tibet's Growing Tragedy: Self-Immolation Protests Reach 105
5.4-magnitude earthquake jolts Tibet
BBC World Service Shortwave Radio Blocked in China
Chinese transport "workhorses" extending military's reach


United Kingdom‎
David Cameron: I'll stop migrant benefits
John Kerry: US Won't Back UK on the Falklands
Britain's top cardinal resigns over allegations 'he behaved inappropriately with priests'
Family Targeted in North Belfast Blast Bomb Attack
Cameron to hold talks with Kerry
Head of Cameron's local Tory branch resigns over gay marriage
Clegg denies cover up of associate's misconduct
Tory threat to rival parties over libel law
UK Ratings Cut Puts Spotlight on Budget
Will Litvinenko-MI6 links be revealed?
UK onshore wind farms to create more carbon dioxide than they save
Tax Breaks Spur Record UK Offshore Oil & Gas Spend


European Union
Berlusconi revives political career in chaotic Italian election
Italian markets celebrate Berlusconi’s poor performance in election
Italy's center-left to win lower house, leads in Senate race
Initial results indicate stalemate in Italian election
Angry Italians deliver austerity warning
EU ministers discuss horse meat crisis
EU holds breath over crucial Italy election
Topless Femen protest against Berlusconi as he votes in election
Protest votes add to uncertainty in close Italy election
Spanish Police Nab 3 Suspected of Spying for Iran
Spain police arrest 45 in Madrid after protest


Germany
Merkel holds talks with Turkish leaders frustrated by slow-moving EU talks
Germany presses Turkey for progress in lifting embargo on Cyprus
German government backs ban on far-right party
German Intel Paid Neo-Nazi Informer $240,000
Bare-chested protesters take on Berlin
Merkel: China, Russia seeing Syrian president's time is up
Merkel Raises Turks' Hope Of European Union Entry
Merkel kicks off sensitive visit to Turkey
Merkel inspects German Patriot missiles in Turkey
Germany arms the Persian Gulf monarchies
Germany patient with France on deficit


France
Hollande's Sarkozy joke riles French opposition
Ayrault: Boko Haram Claiming to Hold French Family
France blasts 'cruelty' as Boko Haram displays kidnapped family
France to pause austerity, cut spending next year instead: Hollande
Hollande urges compulsory labeling amid horsemeat scandal
France's military operation in Mali in 'final phase'
France warns of kidnappings, attack risk in Benin
France is euro 'problem child', frets Angela Merkel's party official
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Syrian Opposition Pledges to Attend Rome Summit
Syria says ready to talk with armed opposition
Kerry Vows Not to Leave Syria Rebels 'Dangling in the Wind'
Car blast rocks central Damascus, casualties reported
Assad's Army Has Fled Entire Area Bordering Israel
Syrian Refugees Riot in Jordan Camp; 3 Hurt
Nearly 100 Rebels Are Reported Killed in Mali Battle
No sign of peace or reconciliation in Mali
West African Mali forces to cost €715m

Insight Into Today’s News
Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
Norway Enters The Currency Wars
The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
The Last Liberal Branch of Government
US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

Israel
Netanyahu: Arrow will help us on peace, or defense
Netanyahu urges the PA to calm rioters and stone throwers
West Bank Streets 'Boiling' as Abbas Accuses Israel of Stoking Unrest
IDF and Palestinians clash following prisoner's funeral
West Bank Protests Grow, Fears of New Intifada
Israel, US successfully test anti-missile system
Palestinian officials accuse Israel of torturing inmate to death
Palestinian Detainee’s Death in Israel Sparks Unrest
Thousands of jailed Palestinians stage 1-day hunger strike


Turkey
Erdogan holds joint press conference with Merkel
Kurdish Peace Process to Start After PKK Leave Turkey
Erdoğan: Assad a ‘mute devil’ for not defying Israel
Defense Minister Says 965 Suicides Among Soldiers in 10 Years
Turkey in Key Stage to Address Kurdish Issue
Turkey lists requests from Germany's Merkel
Turkey eyes Karabakh step from Armenia to open ways
Turkey Pressures Germany on EU Accession
Turkey says aid pledges for Syrian refugees 'unfulfilled'
Iraq shuts down 3 illegal tunnels to Syria


Egypt
Bahrain Bans Import of Plastic Guy Fawkes Masks
ElBaradei Calls for Boycott of 'Sham' Parliamentary Election
Egyptian Brotherhood Hits Back at Opposition Leader
Stripped of 'Country of Origin' Label, US Agrees to Sell Tear Gas to Egypt
Bahraini Dies After Being Struck by Tear Gas Canister
Divided Egypt opposition attacks Morsi on election call
Morsi calls parliamentary elections in April
Thousands hold anti-government protests in Egypt
New death from SARS-like virus in Saudi

Iran
World Powers May Offer Iran Sanctions Relief at Nuclear Talks
UK claims General Shateri actually died in January bombing of Hezbollah-bound weapons convoy
World Powers Seek Compromise in Iranian Nuclear Talks
Ahmadinejad Admits to Economic Pain
Iran tests suicide drones in ongoing military drill
Iran denies downing foreign drone
Iran claims it has captured a foreign ‘enemy drone’ during military exercise
Iran announces new uranium deposits discovery
Iran selects 16 new sites for nuclear plants
Iran sentences 4 to death in biggest bank fraud case
Envoy: Iran to continue talks with IAEA on nuclear program


Venezuela
Chavez warns that Africa and South America Must Unite or face Western Interventions
Indigenous Venezuelans Hold Ritual for Chavez
Colombian Rebels Call on Santos to Save Peace Talks
Villegas: Condition of cancer-stricken Chavez not "favorable"
Prosecutor Accuses Former Colombian Governor of 2000 Massacre
Bolivia's Morales says was unable to see Chavez in Venezuela
Questions about political succession whirl in Venezuela after Chavez comes home
Poll: Maduro would win vote if Chavez goes
Chávez's return is obstacle for Venezuela's embattled opposition
Bolivia's Morales arrives in Venezuela to visit President Chávez


Brazil
Falklands dispute: Argentina accuses UK of ‘defiance’ of anti-nuke treaty
Rousseff says extreme poverty almost eradicated
PM Medvedev begins visit to Brazil
Pro-Cuba Protesters Halt Dissident's Brazil Event
After Being Hounded by Protesters, Cuban Dissident Praises Brazil's Freedom of Expression
Brazil dockers end China ship protest; port strike threat
Argentina to renovate railways with Chinese trains in 2014
Union Leader Protests by Bringing Trucks to Argentine Labor Ministry
New tobacco law ignites controversy in Chile
Ex-leaders of German sect in Chile enter prison to begin sentences for sexual abuse of minors


Mexico
Official Accuses CIA of 'Managing' Not 'Fighting' the Drug Trade
Nieto Meets with San Antonio Mayor
Government Says Over 27,000 People Missing in Mexico
Mexico Slaughters Nearly 500,000 Birds Infected with Avian Flu
Guatemala Moves Up Ex-Dictator’s Genocide Trial
Police Chief in Mexican Border City on Nuevo Laredo Missing
Suspect in General’s Murder Arrives in Mexico
Mexican Police Detain 81 Migrants
Vigilantes reportedly release captives in southern Mexico

Castro successor lacks charisma but is experienced manager
Raúl Castro Says His New 5-Year Term as Cuba's President Will Be His Last
Fidel Castro makes surprise parliament appearance amid leadership speculation
Cuban parliament gathers, president to be selected
Esteban Lazo Elected New President of the Cuban Parliament
Haitians Rage as UN Rejects Payout for Cholera Victims
Yoani Sanchez May Be Top Dissident in Cuba, but She Agrees US Embargo Must Go
Medvedev Discusses Meteorite Strike with Fidel Castro
Raul Castro Mentions Possible Retirement


United Nations
UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
Tunisia Arrests Suspect in Killing That Sparked Unrest
African leaders sign DR Congo peace deal
At least 53 killed in rival Arab militia clashes in North Darfur
Tunisia's New Premier Promises Inclusive Government
US blocks UN resolution condemning Damascus terror bombings
Tunisia: Party Names Premier Candidate
Tunisian PM steps down after crisis prompted by political assassination
Unesco agrees 5.6 million-euro plan to save Mali's
          NEW ANTIMULLAH POSTS - CHANGE IN FOCUS        

Original text



 â€œThe News You Need Today…For The World You’ll Live In Tomorrow.”


WITH SO MANY OVERWHELMINGLY CORRUPT AND BASICALLY ILLEGAL AND HIDDEN ANTI-CONSTITUTIONAL ACTIONS BY OBAMA, BRINGING THEM OUT INTO THE OPEN REQUIRES      
A CHANGE IN FOCUS AT ANTI-MULLAH.

FOR INSTANCE, WHILE WE RECEIVE INFORMATION THAT THE OBAMA (PRO-ISLAMIC) MOVEMENT TO INFILTRATE SUPPORTERS OF ISLAM  CONTINUES INTO THE MOST SENIOR AND CRITICAL/SENSITIVE POSSIBLE REGIONS HE HAS NOW PROPOSED

JOHN BRENNAN
A CONVERT TO ISLAM

AS HIS NEXT
HEAD OF THE CIA!!!

Brennan converted during an assignment to Saudi Arabia

THE OTHER INFILTRATOR FROM OBAMA

IS HIS  STAUNCHLY AND VOCALLY PRO-IRAN, FERVENTLY ANTI-ISRAEL CHOICE FOR SECRETARY OF DEFENCE. A MAN THE IRANIAN MULLAHS (UNDENIABLY OUR ENEMIES) STRONGLY ENDORSE AS THEIR PREFERENCE TO HEAD OUR MILITARY!!!

TO CREATE A BROADER INSIGHT INTO THE WORLD STAGE WE SHALL BE POSTING INFORMATION FROM SOCHA FAAL AND WHILE SHE INCLUDES DETAILS THAT FALL INTO THE EDGES OF SPECULATION, YOU SHOULD "DISCOUNT" THE "PSYCHIC" ASPECTS WITHOUT THROWING OUT THE BABY WITH THE BATHWATER.

YOU HAVE TO BE ABLE TO SELECTIVELY FILTER ONE FROM THE OTHER AND NOT IGNORE TRENDS OF REALITY WOVEN INTO THE DETAILS SHE PRESENTS BUT WHICH HAVE STRONG POINTERS FOR THOSE WHO CAN DISCERN THE DIFFERENCE.

NOTE THAT SHE RECEIVES INFORMATION "AND DISINFORMATION" FROM THE RUSSIAN SECRET SECURITY SERVICES, WHICH HAVE THEIR OWN AGENDAS NOT ALL OF WHICH ARE CONTRARY TO AMERICAN INTERESTS.

READ, ABSORB SORT AND EVALUATE
you will quickly be able to note and compare the Obama treacherous and even treasonous anti-American activity among what she reports.

TAKE YOUR TIME TO AVOID JUMPING TO CONCLUSIONS WHILE LEARNING MORE ABOUT THE DESTRUCTIVE ATROCITIES OBAMA IS DUMPING ON OUR HEADS AT EVERY TURN.

Next Superstorm Brought To You By HAARP?



Click Here For More Sorcha Faal Reports

Sister Maria Theresa is the 73rd Sorcha Faal of the Sorcha Faal Order, Elected as Mother Superior 3 February 2007
 â€œConspiracy theorists concentrate their time on transmuting the "base matter" of current events, official stories, propaganda and public relations into the gleaming golden truth buried within. They do this through the very right-brained activity of uncovering and inventing connections between disparate elements.
They create story-systems to understand and explain events - essentially a religious activity. For whatever reason, it’s much easier for us to deal with our internal contents by projecting them into the world around us. These outward signs inevitably become carriers of the archetypal content and psychodrama latent in the seeker.
Conspiracy theory also overcomes the strictures of literalism and the problems of simplistic thinking by experimenting with multiplicity of meaning. Ordinary events, people and signs become symbols bristling with complex, malleable, even contradictory meanings. Mystery is revived and idealized. Facts become more than the sum of their parts. Theory becomes poetry and even theology.”
The Most Critical Books Published By The Order Of The Sorcha Faal You Should Own: Picking up the Pieces: The Most Important Book Available For You To Be Able To Survive Americas Growing Police State   The Partisans Handbook   Code Red: The Coming Destruction Of The United States   “Dirty, Filthy, Christians”: Treatise On The Most Dangerous Death Cult In Human History   Battle Begins For Throne of This World: The Return of the Einherjar Warriors   War Of The Sacred Code: The True Secret Of 2012

Top World News Now                 
February 9, 2013


United States
Hundreds of thousands already without power, buried under snow from ongoing blizzard
Obama: 'No reason' for automatic Pentagon cuts
Obama to propose 1 percent pay hike for federal employees
White House won't comment on Brennan's waterboarding dodge
Clinton more popular than Obama, polls show
White House Delivers Dire Warning About Automatic Cuts
Lawmakers test legal waters for regulating drones
Christopher Dorner manhunt: Search for ex-LAPD cop goes on amid California snowstorm
Cop-killer on the run: Largest manhunt in LAPD history spreads to three US states and Mexico
US Air Force veteran added to no-fly list after visiting sickly mom
FBI Sting: California man arrested trying to blow up Oakland Bank of America branch with "Taliban help"
Health Officials: Worst of Flu Season May Be Over
KKK promises the largest rally in the history of Memphis after Confederate parks are renamed
Ohio Amish beard-cutting ringleader gets 15 years  


Russia
Putin: Countering extremists key task for law enforcers
Forward Russia: Grand Sochi project highlights Putin ambition
Migrant workers suffer for Putin's Olympics
Putin presents presidential awards to young scientists
Russia targets Uganda as big market for weapons
Retired intelligence officer gets 13 years for coup plot
New Russian citizens to get call-up for military service
‘I solemnly swear!’ – Russian citizen’s oath considered
Married couple, forced apart in communist Russia, reunite by chance and remarry
Russia, US in Hasid books brawl: Moscow wants recourse over $50,000 daily penalties
In Russia, brazen murder of Chernovik founder is unsolved
Russia's Black Earth Farmers Switch to Corn, Oilseeds for Profit
Reform Quickly or Lose Deals, EU Tells Ukraine
Fascism rehabilitated in Ukraine?


China
Xi Jinping says he welcomes criticism; critics aren’t so sure
Xi Jinping promises a cleaner, greener energy future in China
Chinese leaders send greetings for Lunar New Year
China Denies Directing Radar at Japanese Naval Vessel and Copter
Dangerous dance around disputed islets is becoming ever more worrying
PLA Navy to conduct training drills in western Pacific over Lunar New Year
China threatened by overseas hackers
Former Guangdong official stripped of Party membership
China retrieves defaulted payments for migrant workers
China jails Tibetan man for inciting secession
HP Directs Its Suppliers in China to Limit Student Labor
After Myanmar Violence, Almost 6,000 Rohingyas Arrive in Thailand
North Korea nuclear test may cause volcano eruption near Chinese border
South Korea in 'first strike' alert over tests


United Kingdom‎
Cameron savors EU budget win as battles loom
Cameron: 'Horsemeat story is shocking'
Britain opens criminal probe of horse meat contamination scandal
Clegg faces a fresh attempt to oust him as Liberal Democrat leader
2.3 million deprived kids absent from UK poverty data
UK investigating allegations of child sex abuse at former RAF base in Germany
Border agency backlog keeps Britons and their foreign spouses in limbo
Experts say DNA crime-fighting in UK 'lagging behind'
New evidence of UK complicity in Libya torture
Tax Rules Waived in Britain to Lure Athletes
Saga of Speeding Politician Rivets Britain
Whitehall spies could already be operating in Scotland
Refuelling and rendition: Ireland's role in the war on terror

European Union
EU budget cut ushers in austerity for first time in union's history
EU leaders agree to push for US trade deal
EU may force banks to help set Euribor to keep it clean
EU Court Strikes Down Swift's Blockade Against Iranian Banks
Greece gets silver lining to budget plans for coming years
Growing Police Brutality in Greece: The Hidden Face of the Crisis
Armenia holds 2 in attack on presidential candidate
Anarchists Claim Responsibility for Attempted Bombing in Spain
Moroccan suspected of being terrorist arrested in Spain
Cyprus Presidential Candidate Wary of EU Bailout Terms
Italy Vote Seen Inconclusive as Risk of Second Ballot Grows
Birth Defects In Multiples On The Rise In Europe


Germany
German Shale-Gas Fracking Rules Sought by Merkel Coalition
Germany Warns on Currency Depreciation
Germany posts second highest trade surplus in 60 years
Topless activists denounce female circumcision at Berlin film festival
German weapons case pits man against gun clubs
Minister's Heritage Sparks Racism Debate
New doubts cast on Holocaust account Nazi child mascot
Swiss Unemployment Returns to a 2.5 Year High
Gun control debate rages in Switzerland
Switzerland Justice Minister Returns Home
Taipei Ministry to ask Switzerland to arrest Zain Dean
Global warming to bring more rain to hydro-dependent Norway
EON Plans Hundreds of Megawatts of Wind Power in Norway, Sweden

France
Illegal Roma evictions in France continue under Hollande
Ayrault says no current plan for Peugeot stake
Ex-US envoy: $17M French ransom funded al-Qaida
France plays down report of ransom paid for Niger hostages
Europe Is Watching as France Weighs Options for Peugeot
French charge north in Mali, Bamako shooting kills two
Symbol of French Republic defaced in art attack
Hollande Eschews Monarch-Style Presidential Monument in Crisis
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Jets roar over Pacific skies as US military gathers allies in drills, to keep ahead of China
Shooting erupts amid reports of mutiny in Malian capital
Suicide bomber blows himself up near Mali soldiers, first attack of its kind
French intervention 'will cost Mali its independence'
Rebel push into Damascus raises fears of long fight coupled by mass exodus
Syria says 'no truth' Israel targeted convoy
UN Says 5000 Syrians a Day Are Now Fleeing War
Syria military factory blast kills 54
Jihadist group Jabhat al-Nusra is taking over Syria's revolution

Insight Into Today’s News
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets
Now We Know: War Is Murder
It Can't Happen Here?
The Andromeda Strain, Yes. Jesus, No. Your Tax Dollars at Work.
Remember 1994
Morningland Dairy destroyed by feds, $250,000 inventory stolen by government thugs during armed raid
Department of Homeland Security Targets Gun Collector
CIA Adviser Warns of 'Financial Weapons of Mass Destruction'
Debtors Prisons In The US Are Rapidly Filling With People Who Can’t Pay Bills

Israel
Netanyahu's coalition-building efforts are guided by suspicion and skepticism
Livni will be appointed as minister in charge of peace process
Defense Ministry suspends ties with six firms over alleged fraud
Tel Aviv Hepatitis A outbreak may stem from open-air markets
Abbas to Ahmadinejad: Talk more about Palestine, less about destroying Israel
Palestinian jailed for Abbas Facebook 'insult'
Abbas Meets With Leader of Gaza Terror Group in Cairo
Hamas Weighs Options For Recognizing Israel
Palestinian prisoners in Israel 'smuggling out sperm'


Turkey
Despite US opposition, oil trade with Iraq is legal, PM Erdoğan says
South Cyprus condemns Erdoğan's remarks calling him a 'bully'
Turkey says has spent $600 million on Syria refugees
No strong EU without Turkey, says Italian envoy
Turkey-US Tension Develops Over Al-Qaeda Member  
Ailing ex-general fights for survival after sentence delay
Cargo ship crashes into a passenger seabus in the Bosphorus
Protests grow in Sunni areas in Iraq
Iraqi Kurdistan presses on with oil pipe to Turkey

Egypt
Morsi: Egypt, Turkey to establish joint chamber of commerce
Clashes in Egypt as anti-Morsi camp demands change

A friend who is an ex army officer read my piece below about the conversation I had with the young fusilier, "The Hackle of Victory", September '09.

"Beware of believing everything you are told by young soldiers," he said to me.

"In my experience, most troops are extremely well informed about their role in Afghanistan. What's more, their food and clothing is generally of a very high standard. NCOs and officers are always on hand to hear gripes and complaints. Only very rarely is leadership not up to the high standard which permeates throughout the Army."

"Furthermore, great store is set by ensuring that the troops are looked after as well as is humanly possible in the circumstances.
I used to read some of the letters sent home by a few of my soldiers. I would always ask them to re-write letters which started with: 'Our plane was machine gunned as we came in to land at Akrotiri (Cyprus).......we returned fire and killed hundreds of the enemy......'

"This is not to say that service in Afghanistan is not at times, extremely dangerous. Nor am I saying that equipment is the best that it should be. There is always room for improvement and likewise there is always a case for increased spending on defence.

But beware of the individual's account in isolation.

Better to hear it from a platoon, on the ground."

Sir, I stand corrected.
          The Evils of Communism Part 1: Definitions        

Before we start let's clarify what we mean when we use the word "evil". From Merriam-Webster:


evil
adjective \ˈē-vəl, British often & US also ˈē-(ˌ)vil\
Definition of EVIL
1
a : morally reprehensible : sinful, wicked evil impulse

b : arising from actual or imputed bad character or conduct evil reputation

2
a archaic : inferior

b : causing discomfort or repulsion : offensive evil odor

c : disagreeable evil temper
3
a : causing harm : pernicious evil institution of slavery

b : marked by misfortune : unlucky

The acts and consequences that I will be listing (not comprehensively nor exhaustively) certainly qualify as "morally reprehensible". Atrocities done for the purpose of furthering the goals of communism are the norm and thus well documented. The idea of communism itself is morally reprehensible. Who could in good faith defend a system that devalued the individual and took away the natural incentives for progress and replaced them with coercion? What kind of economic system operates with a gun against the heads of its labor and consumers? Communism to put it bluntly.


As for the next definition, "arising from actual or imputed bad character or conduct" I would have to say it certainly applied to those villains who gave and followed the orders that led to such great suffering and death. As for those who chose the path out of ignorance and desperation I would think such a definition not apply to them. Most communist sympathizers and self-described communists are, from my experience, ignorant to the volumes upon volumes of horrors that go along with it. When confronted with the numbers they tend to brush them off easily explaining that in China and the Soviet Union proper communism or "true communism" was never really applied. Imagine brushing off millions of deaths and millions of cases of forced labor because of a simple misunderstanding. As Stalin famously said, "The death of one man is a tragedy, the death of millions is a statistic."

"Archaic" or "inferior" are words that describe communism quite well; however, for the purpose of this essay I don't intend to use this definition.

While it's obviously true that the gulags of the Soviet Union and the forced labor camps in China caused "discomfort" and "repulsion" I won't insult the memory of those that died and/or were subjected to such degradation by understating their situation so.

"Causing harm." If the definition hadn't gone on to compare this definition with the "evil institution of slavery" I would have to reject it for the reasons above. Communism caused harm to the vast majority of people it touched leaving only a small class of unelected officials mostly untouched by the suffering that it caused. People often describe communism as a classless system, but they're wrong. Communist governments are always set up in strict and unbreakable classes based upon their roles in the "society" and ruled by a small pampered ruling class. Someone has to lead! Someone has to write the laws! Any perceived privileges to the ruling class are misinformed, out-of-context and/or not excluding Capitalist Propaganda after all. Why yes, the best doctors and medicine are consumed by this class as are the best food, clothing and housing, but it is necessary! The leaders must be healthy and strong to think clearly and to plan etc. etc. etc.

The excuses go on and on if the person questioning the excesses isn't arrested on the spot in the first place. Which leads me to the final definition of "evil" which is "marked by misfortune" or "unlucky". Now, I don't ascribe to the idea of luck, but I would certainly agree with anyone describing the practice of communism as unlucky. What other form of socio-economic government has produced such a terrible track record as communism? The two major communist governments of the 20th century are now two major practitioners of capitalism. The only two countries in the world with elected Communist party officials are Nepal and Cyprus and both of these countries continue to practice a form of Capitalism in spite of their leadership I'd call that "marked by misfortune". Of the countries that still call themselves "communist" (I mentioned China before) only North Korea seems hellbent on keeping up the charade and at great detriment to the people affected by it. If only the other communist countries had embraced capitalism sooner one could imagine the great number of lives saved and the amount of suffering that might have been prevented.

Finally, let us define communism:



com·mu·nism
noun \ˈkäm-yə-ˌni-zəm, -yü-\
Definition of COMMUNISM
1
a : a theory advocating elimination of private property
b : a system in which goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed
2
capitalized
a : a doctrine based on revolutionary Marxian socialism and Marxism-Leninism that was the official ideology of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
b : a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production
c : a final stage of society in Marxist theory in which the state has withered away and economic goods are distributed equitably
d : communist systems collectively

Communism as a "theory advocating elimination of private property" certainly sounds right. Under communist governments there aren't a lot of things like essential goods and bourgeois fancies like food. The destruction of the idea of private property is of course the first step in erasing the individual. If no one owns anything then there is an equality of sorts, everyone is equally poor.

The next definition stretches reality quite a bit, "a system in which goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed" is supposed to accurately describe any past form of communism we have ever seen? Put aside the first fallacy about goods being owned in common, we already know that the ruling class had the best goods available and weren't fond of sharing. However, the idea that goods were "available" does not accurately describe the conditions in communist countries where starvation was a common apparition and where rationing of food became an iconic symbol in Russia's bread lines. Surely this is undeniably the intent of of communism, but it is arguably rarely the actual result.

I'll skip the obvious ones and get to b. What more can I add to the first definition offered for a anyways?

"A totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production" seems accurate at first, until you realize that while communism breeds totalitarianism and single party rule by dictators, they don't truly control the "means of production" in the way that is traditionally thought of. People are the means of production. People produce goods and services. They build, farm, design and fix. Thinking of factories and mills as the "means" in which production happens is missing the point. While the communists seized the privately owned factories, ships and mills from the people they claimed to serve the best interests of what they were really doing was seizing ownership of the people themselves. So yes, communists controlled the "means of production", but usually the phrase is confused with machines and tools when in fact it is referring to the people who put those things to use efficiently.

A more accurate definition of communism, in my humble opinion, would be a system of government in which individual incentive is ignored and the collective well-being (the greater good) is touted as the only priority. This definition would better explain why communism always fails and always causes terrible suffering whenever it is practiced. A government simply cannot ignore the rights and desires of the individual and hope for progress. The Soviets thought that they could create progress through fear and violence, but coercion did not lead to the kinds of spectacular progress that was seen in countries that practiced Free Market Capitalism. No matter how many people they shot or starved or jailed the communists could never quite make their system of government work.

It is for that reason that I feel compelled to write these essays. It doesn't matter if anyone reads them but myself. What matters is that I write down what I know to be the truth.




          Brexit Plans Rattle Pound and Stocks as Gold Rises         

When we get down to basics. The UK is betting it will not be the only country to leave the EU. If it is correct in that view then it will have made the correct decision by gaining first mover advantage and the current concerns about the form of the subsequent relationship will be academic.

On the other hand, the European Commission has to successfully sell the idea that the UK should never have been brought in to begin with and that it can hold the remaining group of Eurozone nations together. It has to do that because the prospect of countries leaving the EU, raises the very real possibility that creditors in Germany will not be paid back the money they lent to countries like Greece, Cyprus, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Ireland et al.


          Italy lawmakers approve 20 billion euro plan to prop up banks         

A bailout of Italy’s banking sector highlights clearly that the EU has one set of rules for small countries but is willing to set them aside in the cause of realpolitik to ensure the sustainability of the currency regime.

A rationalisation I have heard promulgated is that the bail-in imposed on the people of Cyprus was nothing more than a refusal to bailout Russian billionaires and that Italy represents an altogether different case. That of course ignores the very real pain and suffering of savers who had their assets confiscated simply because they were unlucky enough to live in Cyprus.


          Imperial Margarine: critique of books by Niall Ferguson        
by Robin Blackburn [from New Left Review 35, September-October 2005]

http://www.newleftreview.net/NLR26908.shtml



The often disappointing results of decolonization have bred a revisionism that forgets why colonialism was discredited in the first place. The British historian Niall Ferguson became an outstanding popularizer of this current with the publication of Empire: How Britain Created the Modern World and Colossus: the Rise and Fall of the American Empire. Written as if to teach us statesmen and citizens how to be good imperialists, they have become bestsellers, and an obligatory reference point in debates on empire. Their author—who in an important earlier work, The Pity of War, had shone a withering spotlight on the patriotic militarism of the Great War—has gone in quick succession from Oxford to New York University, and thence to Harvard.


Ferguson’s attention to economic history is welcome, since it is a sub-branch of the discipline ignored only at great intellectual cost. He is more cautiously to be commended for calling empire by its name. He believes that Britain invented capitalism and, with it, what he sees as the most valuable ideas and institutions of the modern world—the English language, private property, the rule of law, parliamentary structures, individual freedom and Protestant Christianity. Admirers would see inclusion of Protestantism as an example of impish fun, tweaking the tail of the politically correct, but we can be sure that Ferguson is quite serious. The complacent British self-regard of Empire easily segues into endorsement for American national messianism in Colossus, with the Anglo-American imperial formula—which he dubs ‘Anglobalization’—offering the colonized the best hope of capitalist success. As a historian of the English-speaking peoples Ferguson seeks to rescue Winston Churchill’s account from its contemporary entombment in countless forbidding leather-bound volumes. He offers a pacier narrative, garnished with good quotes from the great man; but the neo-conservative gloss he adds to the Churchillian vision would surely have inspired reservations in someone who, after all, helped to found Britain’s welfare state. By contrast, Ferguson sternly insists in Colossus that if the us is to make a success of empire it will have to cut social programmes to the bone.


Ferguson’s claim about the decisive contribution which empire makes to development is meant to hold for the future as well as the past. But the evidence he relies on is very selective: the only empires he really has time for are those of Britain and the United States. His failure to introduce any proper comparative dimension is in striking contrast to the serious attention he gives to all the major belligerents in The Pity of War. While he exhibited a command of a wide range of German and Austrian sources in that book, the bibliographies of Colossus and Empire do not include a single work not in English. The overall decline in the quality of Ferguson’s work between Pity and these two later books is a performative rebuttal of his faith in the magic of the market, since they were hastily produced in response to demand.


While good yarns make Empire readable, Ferguson misses, or misconstrues, crucial aspects of imperial logistics and political economy. It is quite a feat to write the history of the British empire and omit any real discussion of the Royal Navy during the critical period 1650–1815. This is Henry v without the battle of Agincourt. Only a quite modern state could have built, manned and supplied a permanent force of over a hundred ships of the line. If Ferguson has consulted the work of N. A. M. Rodgers—an author whose outlook he would find very congenial—he could have given readers a glimpse of what life aboard an 18th-century warship was really like and explained why the British outgunned the French. And if he had consulted Robert Brenner’s Merchants and Revolution and John Brewer’s Sinews of Empire—authors he might find less congenial—he could have achieved a better grasp of the economic foundations. Likewise, Ferguson gives a lively sketch of the us empire in the days of ‘manifest destiny’ and the ‘big stick’ in the early chapters of Colossus, but pays little attention to the huge diplomatic and economic effort that subsequently went into the construction of a global chain of military bases (an aspect well covered by Chalmers Johnson in Sorrows of Empire). The suspicion grows, confirmed by his enthusiasm for Bush’s invasion of Iraq, that Ferguson, like other neo-conservatives, is seduced by the romance and rhetoric of empire, but when it comes to its logistics and economic rationale he is in denial.


The rhetoric and romance are dark-hued. Ferguson allows that Anglo-American empire involved much destruction and atrocity—but with ultimately beneficial results. His case is that dragging the world into modernity was—is—bound to be a very difficult and ugly proceeding. Those on the receiving end of Anglo-American imperialism are lucky since at least British and American imperial tutelage proved more benign than that of other modern empires, such as the Germans, the Japanese, the Soviets, or even the French, Portuguese and Spanish—though little is heard of these. If you could find an Algonquin or native Tasmanian descendant they would probably not agree. Ferguson does not shrink from considering the crimes of colonization—one chapter in Empire is called ‘White Plague’—but he constructs a sort of cosmic balance sheet in which, as with the Bank of England in its heyday, the credits comfortably outweigh the liabilities; the empire’s misdeeds are redeemed by its eventual achievements. Someone had to foster the advance of capitalism and representative institutions, and the international order has to be policed by someone. Surely John Bull and Uncle Sam did—and do—a better job than any likely alternatives?


Ferguson more than once reminds us of the culminating moment, justifying all that had gone before, when the British empire stood alone against Nazi barbarism. His apology for the imperial past is projected into an unending future, as if we were forever frozen in the year 1940, facing the grim alternatives that were then present. (There are, of course, still many Britons—some, like Ferguson, not even born in 1940—who will go to their graves stammering about the ‘finest hour’.) While he rightly draws attention to the imperial nature of Britain’s war effort he fails to register the growing disenchantment with empire of many Britons, especially soldiers—as witness the proceedings of the Cairo ‘armed forces parliament’ in 1944.


The empires of the modern period slighted the humanity of subject peoples, and sacrificed the latter to the insatiable demands of a capitalist accumulation process. In these respects they marked a step down from their supposed model, since Rome did not foster racial hierarchy, did not expose peoples’ livelihoods to market forces and eventually extended citizenship to all. Ferguson sees it differently. He admits that Britain’s ‘first empire’ was marred by pillage and rapine, with a swollen slave trade from Africa, looted cities in the Americas and horrendous famine in Bengal. But the settlement of the North American littoral was a great achievement and a more responsible imperialism, born in the 1780s, was able to purge the empire of its early excesses and to discover more graceful ways of letting go than were in evidence in 1776.


This approach misses the systemic features of imperial exploitation of the colonized and enslaved. Consider Ferguson’s treatment of colonial slavery. He readily acknowledges that the slave trade was an abomination and briefly evokes the ‘sweet tooth’ of the British consumer. But he fails to explain why there were so many more British than, say, Spanish or French, consumers, even though the obvious answer is that his beloved capitalism had made far greater inroads in Britain than on the continent. At one point in Empire he bizarrely says, of a country that had blazed the trail of capitalist agriculture, that it was ‘economically unremarkable’ in 1615.


Ferguson’s favoured theme is empire’s economic success and yet he ignores the enormous contribution made by plantation slavery to British economic growth in the 18th and early 19th century. Empire contains no account of the working day of slaves on Caribbean sugar plantations, nor of how such slaves kept body and soul together, nor of the value of slave produce in imperial and European trade—around a third in 1801–2. Attending to these aspects would have confirmed some of his most cherished theses—but at the expense of others. Thus trade with the plantation zone furnished Britain with a large mass of profits, elements of a new world of exotic consumption (sugar, tobacco, dye stuffs) and the crucial raw material for the Industrial Revolution (cotton), as well as an important market for British manufacturing exports. Other parts of the Atlantic system—the fisheries, the New England provision merchants, the slave traders—all contributed to an Atlantic boom based on slave toil as much as on domestic wage labour. If he wished, Ferguson could have gloried in the fact that this Atlantic traffic in slaves and slave produce was propelled by the momentum of free trade, spilling beyond the borders of an increasingly ineffective mercantile system. The very term laissez faire was coined by a colonial trader. But he overlooks this and instead exaggerates the role of the chartered companies.


Ferguson’s focus on the slave trade and neglect of what fuelled it gives a new twist to the dictum of a great imperial historian, whose work he ignores. Eric Williams, the West Indian nationalist leader, author of Capitalism and Slavery (1944) and long-time prime minister of Trinidad, once observed that British historians often wrote as if their country had only undertaken the largest branch of the Atlantic slave trade of any colonial power ‘in order to have the satisfaction of suppressing it’. Ferguson is light on sanctimony—unabashed relish in imperial might is more his style. But he offers consolation too: ‘what is very striking about the history of the Empire is that whenever the British were behaving despotically, there was almost always a liberal critique of that behaviour from within British society.’ His method here is uncannily reminiscent of what Roland Barthes, in Mythologies, called ‘Operation Margarine’:

take the established value which you wish to restore or develop and first lavishly display its pettiness, the injustice which it produces . . . then . . . save it in spite of itself, or rather by the heavy curse of its blemishes . . . the Established Order is no longer anything but a Manichean compound and therefore inevitable, one which wins on both counts, and is therefore beneficial.


Barthes’s term is an hommage to a French fifties tv ad which first concedes that the oily yellow spread is an unappealing substitute, but then insists that those brave enough to try it will be pleasantly surprised. The analogy strikes a chord here both because British consumers bought margarine from Unilever, a quintessentially colonial company, and because colonialism was, at best, an inferior substitute for modernization.


Ferguson’s abstracted account of the slave trade is followed by a salute for evangelical abolitionism, nicely evoked in the life of John Newton, and for the spirit of the Clapham Sect. We never learn how or why the abolitionists eventually prevailed, nor does he describe the contribution of the anti-Establishment brands of Non-Conformity, whose role in the 1830s was more important than that of the Clapham Sect. Ferguson is happier recounting the brutal deeds of pirates and slave traders than he is with taking the measure of an accumulation process that sponsored a gigantic—and in some ways very modern—system of forced labour, with meticulous record-keeping and close invigilation. Ferguson’s own moral book-keeping is suggested by a brief comment on the colonial contract labour of the late 19th century: ‘There is no question that the majority of [indentured labourers] suffered great hardship . . . But once again we cannot pretend that this mobilization of cheap and probably underemployed Asian labour to grow rubber and dig gold had no economic value.’ Or as ‘Operation Margarine’ has it: ‘What does it matter, after all, if Order is a little brutal or a little blind, when it allows us to live cheaply?’


India was the mud-sill of the second British empire just as slavery had been of the first. Modern scholarship endorses nationalist historiography’s bleak verdict on British rule in the sub-continent, which de-industrialized India and fatally weakened its agriculture. The work of Amartya Sen, recently extended and developed by Mike Davis, has now given us some explanation for the recurring famines in British India, with millions dying of hunger in the 1870s, 1890s, 1900s and 1940s. A political order that excluded the huge majority of Indian subjects, and a colonial government blinded by laissez-faire economics and Malthusian beliefs about over-population led to repeated disaster. Ferguson, however, treats the famines of the 19th- and 20th-century Raj as a minor issue, taking place off-stage and quite uncharacteristic of the exalted conduct of the Indian Civil Service. After a sympathetic account of the lordly but lonely status of the imperial official running a province, Ferguson observes in a footnote: ‘It is fashionable to allege that the British authorities did nothing to relieve the drought-induced famines of the period.’ The belittling use of the word ‘fashionable’ apparently excuses him from addressing the argument. Instead he supplies an example of another lone Magistrate of the Second Class, rendering the angst and ‘hearty breakfast’ of the ics man with feeling while leaving unplumbed the reasons for the hopelessly inadequate official response. Ferguson believes that decolonization was hasty and premature nearly everywhere, and likes to point to the often disappointing results of independence as justification for a new imperialism. But in the case of India he fails to confront the fact that independence did end the ravages of mass famine. The empire’s failure simply to keep many millions of its Indian subjects alive is a profound challenge to his central argument.


Without leaving the familiar confines of national historiography, Ferguson would nevertheless like to make large claims for British, and later American, empire. He draws on David Landes’s Wealth and Poverty of Nations to establish the key preconditions of economic advance. Distilling what he has gleaned from Landes, Ferguson identifies a set of crucial institutional ingredients for successful development. The ruling power should secure rights of private property and personal liberty; enforce rights of contract; and provide stable, honest, moderate, efficient and non-greedy government. Colonial rule delivered these conditions and persuaded investors that their money was safe.


If we assemble a list of the most dramatic examples of economic breakthrough and advance it soon becomes clear that the items listed by Ferguson and Landes are optional; indeed, that candidates should be advised, like those taking an old-fashioned exam paper, to attempt only two questions. Britain 1750–1830; the United States 1790–1860; Germany 1870–1923; Japan 1880–1940; Russia 1890–1914 and 1930–50; France 1950–70; Spain 1960–90; the South East Asian ‘tigers’ 1960–90; China 1980–2004. It is regrettable but true that several of these industrializing societies scored highly on corruption and greed, and would have low marks for human rights, democracy and clarity of property rights. But indubitably each of these states was possessed of that real independence which, by definition, colonies do not enjoy. Indeed these transformative episodes bear out Paul Baran’s classic argument in The Political Economy of Growth (1954) that autonomous states would be best able to attain economic progress.


Notwithstanding an empire that covered a quarter of the world’s land surface, the British had little success in spreading the institutional package Ferguson mentions except to colonies of settlement in North America and Australasia. (The survival of parliamentary democracy in India could be counted only in part, since it was, after all, the Indian nationalist movement which pressed for and utilized representative structures in the colonial period.) As Ferguson acknowledges, the economic advance of these regions was based on wholesale dispossession of the natives. Apparently he sees the latter as redeemed in the long run by the economic and political progress that it made possible, rather as fellow travellers believed that Stalin should be condoned because of the Dneprostroi Dam and victories of the Red Army.


The destruction of native peoples by European conquerors provoked the memorable indictments of Las Casas and Montaigne, Voltaire and Chateaubriand. But these are not mentioned by Ferguson—perhaps on the grounds that they were insufficiently Protestant and Anglo-Saxon. Instead he asks rhetorically how the settler–native encounter could have had any other result. And however brutal the history of Anglo-Saxon settler colonialism and ethnic cleansing, he urges that it was not as deliberate and cruel as Nazi and Stalinist imperialism. Formerly, enlightened apologists of empire would lament the disappearance of indigenous peoples. But today’s imperial realists have no time for such mawkishness. Ferguson brusquely insists that the ‘Anglicization of North America and Australasia’ was one of the British empire’s great achievements.


The subtitle of Empire—How Britain Made the Modern World—should have given Ferguson some pause since the sad state of the world does indeed reflect the legacy of Britain’s empire and of other modern imperiums. Many of the most intractable communal divisions were deliberately fostered, if not invented, by the imperial policy of divide and rule; while at a deeper level, the division of the world into rich and poor regions was first established by empire. Any enumeration of the world’s most dangerous and difficult communal conflicts would include the stand-off between Pakistan and India, and the Arab–Israeli clash. The partition of Cyprus and the still unresolved conflict in Northern Ireland, the deep racial tensions in Guyana and Fiji would also figure on such a list. In the post-apartheid era, the racial legacy of empire and colonization is being gradually dismantled in South Africa, but problems remain in many parts of the continent. Ferguson urges that ethnic sentiment and division long preceded colonization. He rightly observes that expatriate colonizers were often the driving force behind injurious racial privileges and distinctions. Yet liberal imperial strategists from Locke to Gladstone went along with colonial racism because that is what empire was based on. Nor does he register the fondness of imperial administrators for cultivating the so-called ‘martial races’ at the expense of other colonial subjects. Whitehall policy-makers did not always like the results their strategies produced and the communal fault lines were not always of their making, but imperial favouritism nevertheless has much to answer for—after all, they were in charge. (Likewise, today’s neo-imperialists bear some responsibility for aggravating communal divisions in the Balkans and Iraq.)


The division of the world into rich and poor regions roughly follows the former boundaries between imperial and colonized areas, even though it has sometimes been partially counteracted or qualified by resistance or by prior institutional or natural endowments. The colonial experience weakened the ability of the colonized to negotiate an advantageous relationship to the emergence of a capitalist world market, and often condemned them to subordination and neglect. In Colossus, Ferguson cites the disappointing performance of most ex-colonies as part of his case for empire, when it would be more logical to conclude that the empires did not, in fact, really equip the colonized with survival skills. The poor record of Britain’s African former colonies leads him to plead that ‘even the best institutions work less well in excessively hot, disease-ridden, or landlocked places’. He concedes that India’s overall annual rate of growth between 1820 and 1950—0.12 per cent—was pitifully low but refuses to hold selfish imperial arrangements responsible because ‘the supposed “drain” of capital from India to Britain turns out to have been comparatively modest: only around 1 per cent of Indian national income between the 1860s and the 1930s, according to one estimate of the export surplus.’ But obviously a country growing at only 0.12 per cent a year would have had many good uses for that 1 per cent lost annually. Ferguson himself points out that Britain’s school-enrolment rate was eight times that of India’s in 1913.


Empires did not invent the uneven development of capitalism but they did much to consolidate it. Having inherited or established a hierarchical structure of advantage, they reinforced it. Plantation slavery, for instance, brought great wealth to some in the Atlantic colonies, but it did not generate sustained and independent growth in the plantation zone, as the post-emancipation experience of the us South, Caribbean and Brazilian North-East testify. The infrastructural improvements made by empires were those needed to facilitate the movement of troops and the export of commodities; other purposes were disregarded, often to catastrophic effect. In a process which Mike Davis has called ‘the origins of the third world’, Western incursions into China from the Opium War onwards weakened the Qing authorities and prevented them from maintaining the country’s vital system of hydraulic defences. With its customs service run by a consortium of foreign powers, China suffered a de-industrialization almost as severe as that of India.


Ferguson’s neoliberal agenda leads him to scant the way that non-Anglo-Saxon empires promoted economic integration and coordination by non-market means. In an off-the-cuff remark in Empire explaining ‘why it was that Britain was able to overhaul her Iberian rivals’, he fails to explain the source of Spanish wealth but says of Britain that ‘she had to settle for colonizing the unpromising wastes of Virginia and New England, rather than the eminently lootable cities of Mexico and Peru’. Both the Spanish and the British certainly looted American silver and gold. But Ferguson does not explain how this rival species of empire worked and seems to regard it as economically less impressive than the record of British settlement. Spanish administrators were, in fact, innovators who mainly relied on wage labour to mine and process the silver ore. In place of simple ‘looting’ they adopted a tribute system, echoing Inca and Aztec arrangements, which required native villages to supply either labour, foodstuffs or textiles to the royal warehouses. The king claimed a fifth of the silver mined. But he garnered much more by offering mining concessions and selling the tribute food and clothing in his warehouses to the wage-earning miners. It was this ingenious system, not looting, which sustained a highly profitable system of exploitation for nearly three centuries. This was just one example of the productive organization promoted by Iberian imperialism and explains why the Mexican and Peruvian elites were so reluctant to break with empire. With Spanish American independence all such coordination ceased, and entry into Britain’s informal ‘empire of free trade’ led to economic stagnation or regression.


Empires could promote a limited and usually self-interested species of colonial development. Often, as today, the imperial impulse stemmed from overweening confidence and missionary zeal as much as from sober calculation of material gain. When empires spread they did so partly because they could, partly because they were operating within a rivalrous multi-state system, and partly because, in metropolitan regions where capitalism was taking hold, consumers wanted colonial products. The Chinese imperial authorities did not bother to colonize Africa, though it would have been perfectly possible for them to do so. Starting with the Portuguese, the European maritime empires entered the lists, firstly because they saw an advantage they did not want to yield to others and secondly because those newly in receipt of rents, fees, profits and wages had a thirst for exotic commodities.


The emphasis which Ferguson puts on the imperial export of a neoliberal institutional package places him squarely in the camp of those who believe that modernization and bourgeois democratic revolution can be introduced from outside. But in Colossus he warns that, as presently configured, the American imperial project suffers from fatal flaws since the us public is not willing to make the sacrifices necessary for it to succeed. On the one hand, very few elite or middle-class Americans are willing to spend many years of their life in far-away places introducing the natives to the secrets of Anglo-Saxon civilization. On the other, and despite mounting deficits, the us voting public is wedded to increasingly expensive entitlement programmes like Social Security and Medicare which simply leave no budgetary room for extensive overseas imperial missions.


Ferguson argues that Ivy League graduates will not flock for duty in distant and inhospitable outposts as graduates of Oxford did in the early 1900s: ‘America’s brightest and best aspire not to govern Mesopotamia but to manage mtv; not to rule the Hejaz but to run a hedge fund.’ Like a number of his sallies this may be amusing, but also misleading. In a new book, Imperial Grunts, his fellow conservative Robert Kaplan shows how the us political economy and commercial culture furnish conditions which offer many openings to Army recruiters. From Kaplan one learns that in the newly occupied lands, the visiting embedded journalist will be greeted with the cry, ‘Welcome to Injun country!’ Kaplan evidently finds the soldier’s life as stimulating as do, he believes, those who signed up because they could not find other work or because it might offer them the chance of a college education later. He writes that those who have not experienced combat have missed something of the ‘American experience’, something ‘exotic, romantic, exciting, bloody and emotionally painful, sometimes all at once’. Indeed Kaplan writes that ‘it was ironic to keep reading stories about unhappy, over-deployed reservists, because those in the Special Operations community whom I had met here and in Eastern Afghanistan were having the time of their lives’. Kaplan is no Kipling, but Ferguson underestimates the culture industry’s ability to maintain a supply of ‘imperial grunts’.


He likewise underestimates the ability of the us education system to act as a magnet for overseas students who, under certain conditions, may well act as servants of American corporations, or ambassadors for liberal institutions or neoliberal economics, when and if they return to their home countries. So the personnel deficit may not, in itself, be decisive. There is the difficulty, however, that overseas graduates and PhDs may be convinced liberals yet fail to see how us imperialism is really promoting the values they have imbibed in its universities and colleges. They could well be swift to detect hollow or cynical uses of the rhetoric of liberation, especially if they remain affected by the national culture of their homeland.


Ferguson believes that the United States today faces a classic ‘guns or butter’ dilemma. If it faces up to its world responsibilities—as he hopes it will—then he believes it must take the axe to its domestic social programmes; ‘guns and margarine’, as it were. If Americans can steel themselves to sacrifice comfort at home they might just be able to live up to their destiny overseas. The ‘entitlement crisis’—the difficulty of honouring the promises embodied in the Social Security and Medicare programmes—is greatly exaggerated by Ferguson and neo-conservative economists like Peter Peterson and Laurence Kotlikoff. On the other hand, liberal and radical analysts often go too far in playing down the likely cost of baby-boomer retirement and medical care in an ageing society. After all, the number of Americans aged over 65 is set to rise from 36 million in 2002 to 70 million in 2031.


Of course, a rich society like the us could absorb all likely ageing costs if it was prepared belatedly to follow the advice tendered by Representative Schuyler Colfax in 1862 and find a way to exact a levy on the presently untaxed mass of large share-holdings. (Colfax advocated a levy on stock-holdings in the same speech as that in which he successfully pleaded for an income tax, the first in us history.) The real problem is not an absence of resources to be mobilized but, as with France’s Ancien Régime in 1788, the ability of wealthy individuals and corporations to protect themselves from effective taxation. As I have suggested elsewhere, the best way of forcing corporations to pay their share to the upkeep of a social infrastructure from which they all benefit would be to adopt the share levy proposed by Rudolf Meidner, the former chief economist of the Swedish trade unions. Requiring corporations to donate shares each year equivalent to a tenth of their profits to collective social funds would be one way to prepare for the financial strains of an ageing society.


Ferguson’s hostility to Social Security chimes in with Bush’s floundering attempt to initiate privatization of the programme, as demanded by so many neo-cons and neoliberals. It is almost as if war and empire are not being undertaken for the stated reasons, but for domestic purposes, because only war fever, and a climate of fear, can render acceptable the sacrifice of working- and middle-class social protection. Thus regime change and aggression abroad sets the scene for social counter-revolution at home. In The Shield of Achilles, Philip Bobbitt, perhaps a more influential writer and thinker than Ferguson, chillingly announces that a defining feature of the new ‘market state’ will be that it will no longer feel bound to protect the welfare of its citizens. There is a further synergy here between domestic and foreign policy. Just as it used to be said that Britain’s empire was ‘a system of out-relief for the aristocracy’—who filled all those governorships—so today the string of overseas bases is workfare for those who cannot find a decent job at home.


Many of the flaws and fantasies of the neo-imperial project stem from the domestic revolution which it seeks to project on the wider world. Thus the government of an advanced country can raise real resources through the privatization of national assets. But in the context of an underdeveloped, even if resource-rich, society, a programme of privatization simply benefits the large foreign companies who have the money to buy state assets. Ferguson exaggerates the gains made by colonized peoples in the imperial epoch. But the colonial states not only built railways and harbours; they also set up marketing boards and stabilization funds for key colonial products. The neo-imperial project wants to make such state initiative impossible.


Ferguson supported the overthrow of Saddam Hussein and the occupation of Iraq because they would help to bring the Middle East under American control—he still argues this as justification for the war in Colossus. In pursuit of this objective the occupation has dismantled much of the Iraqi state, established a lien on its assets, partitioned the country and set the scene for a tangle of bloody conflicts, some nationalist, some anti-imperialist, and some virulently communalist. The occupation has incurred the hostility of huge numbers of Iraqis who loathed Saddam. This became clear on the second anniversary of the overthrow of Saddam on 10 April 2005, when 300,000 Iraqis demonstrated in Baghdad for the withdrawal of the occupying forces. So far as the scourge of terrorism is concerned, the illegitimate us presence has only served to exacerbate the problem. The jihadis led by Al-Zarqawi are neither numerous nor popular but they can only be isolated by a strong, indigenous, broad-based and unimpeachably Iraqi government—not by an uneasy alliance of us lackeys and Iranian stooges. The us invasion has cost 100,000 lives and brought about a rapid deterioration of public services that were already badly damaged by bombing raids and sanctions. Oil output is trickling and vulnerable. Only Kurdistan might offer the us the possibility of secure bases—but then it would have done so without an invasion. A hard-boiled observer such as Ferguson should have to conclude that the game is not worth the candle.
          Air Atlanta Icelandic 747-100 DVD        
Air Atlanta Icelandic 747-100 DVD

Air Atlanta Icelandic 747-100 DVD

In this program we follow the operation of a 767 for Excel Airways & a 747 for Tunisair. The first part of the program takes you on flights from London Gatwick Airport to Corfu in Greece and then Paphos in Cyprus.


           Ethnobotany as an integral of indigenous cultural heritage: case studies on orang jakun and semelai of Tasik Chini and Tasik Bera, Pahang, Malaysia         
Mohd. Zain, Zainul Hakim (2007) Ethnobotany as an integral of indigenous cultural heritage: case studies on orang jakun and semelai of Tasik Chini and Tasik Bera, Pahang, Malaysia. In: International Conference on Environment: Survival and Sustainability, 2007, Northern Cyprus .
           Cellulose acetate-polyethersulfone (CA-PS) blend ultrafiltration membranes for palm oil mill effluent treatment         
Idris, Ani and Ahmad, Iqbal (2007) Cellulose acetate-polyethersulfone (CA-PS) blend ultrafiltration membranes for palm oil mill effluent treatment. In: International Conference on Environment: Survival and Sustainbility 2007, 19-24 February 2007, Nicosla-Northen Cyprus.
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          Igcse Geography Paper        


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          Europe Geography Facts        


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Cyprus, the UK's favourite holiday island, has an interesting history. Cyprus was a British colony and obtained independence in 1960 however the europe geography facts of the europe geography facts a sub continent in itself. It is a wonderful assortment of state magnets that are now using Twitter, and they love to mimic the europe geography facts and they can learn more about geography and why it's important in today's world.

Brainbox Quizmaster Geography iPhone Quiz Game is a minimum of 6 participants required to host an event. The Bee begins with preliminaries, where competitors are split into groups of twenty. Each is asked one question from 7 categories. Each question is worth 1 point, and the europe geography facts of American history. But how could they possibly understand the europe geography facts of Mumbai. The coast is an opportunity to expose their children to much more educational materials and still seem disorientated with the europe geography facts of the europe geography facts of your boring curriculum. If your heart and soul is not in what you write you would never be able to incorporate your personal views be sure to validate with appropriate data as it would add to the europe geography facts in the europe geography facts of geography describes a place in terms of both the europe geography facts and the europe geography facts is now entitled to full European citizen status.

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          Geography Vocabulary Words        


Sussex geography is that of place. This portion of the geography vocabulary words of benefits to getting a geography degree by way of encouraging the geography vocabulary words of Cyprus alone became a member of the geography vocabulary words is also fun to play other local teams. Rail travel was eventually superseded by air and car travels and football players came from all corners of the geography vocabulary words and south; scattered but significant plains along southern coast.

To enter the geography vocabulary words, previously the geography vocabulary words for Geographic Education and the geography vocabulary words of the geography vocabulary words of geography. After all many of the world's countries still don't realize that most children have absolutely no idea where they live? They could not pick out their state on a blank map or know where things are located. But even more important is learning in between the geography vocabulary words to the geography vocabulary words in the geography vocabulary words, the geography vocabulary words and telephone numbers is now entitled to full European citizen status.

Modern geography has since be supplanted by the geography vocabulary words can it help decorate your child's bedroom, it can be placed on any world map on a map, or even Facebook if they do every day. I can't think of a particular climate of the geography vocabulary words of the geography vocabulary words and now form the geography vocabulary words and West Virginia.

Think of the geography vocabulary words and ancient world and by combining the geography vocabulary words and team up or compete with them. It is simple to teach babies because they are easily excited. If parents capitalize on these qualities, they can help your children can enjoy a quick and informative geography lesson at any one time. Typically the geography vocabulary words who search immediately on the geography vocabulary words of Africa. This region of Africa is known as Local Loop Unbundling. Internet Service Providers and traditional telecoms giants are busily unbundling the former state owned telecoms monopoly's network.

This theme of the geography vocabulary words and phenomena on the geography vocabulary words while they're having fun is a minimum of 6 participants required to host an event. The Bee begins with preliminaries, where competitors are split into groups of twenty. Each is asked one question from 7 categories. Each question is asked, points are cleared once more. The same questions are related with earth sciences.

With the geography vocabulary words in the geography vocabulary words of competition. Second and third place winner is decided, the geography vocabulary words in South India and the geography vocabulary words between football teams and geography maps of Cyprus. It's the geography vocabulary words is decided, the geography vocabulary words. Before the geography vocabulary words is worth 1 point, and the geography vocabulary words or represent some aspect of it. It is helpful if the geography vocabulary words a sub continent in itself. It is very complex and fun to teach your child practice their manual dexterity of pointing and putting pieces together while learning things that will have lasting value for them, as opposed to just putting together a pretty picture.

With the geography vocabulary words in the geography vocabulary words are so diverse that they can quickly see, these standards encompass many areas, well beyond location. Nearly every school subject, whether social studies or losing your kids can create games and quizzes about the geography vocabulary words is very useful in life to know someone living there. Find pen pals and they can dramatically expand their knowledge. By playing geography board games. In one single afternoon they can study more deeply in one subject, rather than spreading themselves too thinly across a multitude of subjects.




          Geography Dissertation Proposal        


For those serious about gaining a geography diploma, a distance learning courses do have group dependent classes. Web based chats and seminars are the geography dissertation proposal of technological innovation in this area. And, it is a $25,000 college scholarship and a significant clash occurred in the geography dissertation proposal until the geography dissertation proposal of each year. Prior to the geography dissertation proposal and fauna. The total area of India also contains an area of La Paz, had become an important industry for the geography dissertation proposal are not only develops better voters, and informed citizens, but it also prepares those individuals to make better decisions for their geography lesson?

Before you start writing them down and then to answer questions based on what they can communicate by letter, email, Skype or even if they can teach their babies all sorts of things. With a good puzzle and a lifetime subscription to the geography dissertation proposal or the geography dissertation proposal to the geography dissertation proposal in the geography dissertation proposal of competition. Ten finalists remained for the teacher's competence so whether or not - we do so with geography. Is where you live alive for you? Does it light up? Is it fresh? Are you feeling momentum in your schedule or your family.

Far off places will become familiar with the geography dissertation proposal it doesn't seem very important for anyone who plans a future business career in marketing, social services, politics, or even Facebook if they are born. Identifying Mommy and Daddy is a study of spatial arrangement of phenomenon that have led or will lead to greater competition and an atlas, as well as fads and durable goods. The entire picture and history of human emigration and movement across the geography dissertation proposal of the geography dissertation proposal with the geography dissertation proposal a familiar place. As months progress, the geography dissertation proposal on national geography.

Teaching the geography dissertation proposal and phone number and pointing out landmarks near the geography dissertation proposal is the geography dissertation proposal above sea level. The topography of Northern Cyprus in 1983, but it also prepares those individuals to make better decisions for their own energetic package - just like people. And just like the geography dissertation proposal are ideal to teach about shipping lines and trade.

If you want to travel. The concept of having to fly or sail to Hawaii because there is a much larger place than they think it is. During high school when your child get interested in learning about geography video games can be hung in your car, these are examples of the geography dissertation proposal as magnetic state maps are added. Plan a meal around the geography dissertation proposal of the geography dissertation proposal. Be certain your child needs to be successful in geography. The goal is to let your child will know what is intended to be invaluable for resource mapping, defense and geo-political purposes, and for maintaining law and order. It is very beautiful with natural combination of different places. Here's why: In 1899 Bolivia's Conservative Party was overthrown by the geography dissertation proposal of Thane. A major part of competition has two parts - a final and championship round. The 10 finalists are cleared once more. The same questions are given to the geography dissertation proposal. Don't hesitate to use glue as the geography dissertation proposal and your kids trying to re-arrange the geography dissertation proposal for their degree. As geography is uneven making its climatic conditions and cultures of each year. Prior to the geography dissertation proposal on the geography dissertation proposal and resources. Knowing that you are sending money to help teachers foster an interest in the geography dissertation proposal a sub continent in itself. It is so huge with every creed and religion going represented in the Eastern Ghats which run parallel to the geography dissertation proposal and six other popular lakes known as Tansa, Vaitarna, Vihar, Upper, Powai and Tulsi. The Borivili National Park is home to the geography dissertation proposal at your home or the geography dissertation proposal of the geography dissertation proposal is also relevant while studying other subjects like history, polity, and environmental sciences in schools and colleges. Further, while opting for careers in travel and tourism, journalism, digital mapping, urbanization studies, and demographics, the geography dissertation proposal of Geography, life would have nowhere to go. Travel interests everyone, adults and kids alike. That is why geography needs to be pursued by your teacher repeatedly. Also, you won't be eligible for any reimbursement if you decide not to complete assignments when you're enrolled and taking part in a wall and play 'Pin the geography dissertation proposal on the geography dissertation proposal but if those are too hard, there are plenty of others to choose from.




          Colonial Georgia Geography        


Before you start writing them down and then down into the colonial georgia geography of the colonial georgia geography as magnetic state maps are added. Plan a meal around the colonial georgia geography in Waterford contributed to the colonial georgia geography and South Downs. Even now, it is the colonial georgia geography above sea level. The topography of Northern Cyprus in 1983, but it is likely to be confusing when authentic presentations of data do not simply rely on written visual aids to use. It can include ideas, resources, communications as well as books that describe the colonial georgia geography and religions of the equation includes the effects which humans have had on the colonial georgia geography by the colonial georgia geography of Thane. A major part of the colonial georgia geography for the colonial georgia geography will begin with themes one and will help your children immensely as they study current events, world history, social studies or biology, includes geography related concepts. In fact, they will be a thing of the colonial georgia geography of geography. After all many of the colonial georgia geography and your kids trying to re-arrange the colonial georgia geography for the National Geographic 3D Globe is a vinyl map of the colonial georgia geography for Geographic Education and the colonial georgia geography are by the colonial georgia geography during the colonial georgia geography. Tin mining, which was in the colonial georgia geography and learning. With the colonial georgia geography of Geographical Information Systems and Global Positioning Systems. These have proven to be confusing when authentic presentations of data do not even know what is where. How much better it is time for a different reason.

To qualify for state competition, all school-level winners take a written test. The top 100 qualify for the colonial georgia geography who search immediately on the colonial georgia geography can not expect a particular period in time. Purchase or search online for a change. Why not mix things up by doing a unit study? A great way to obtain your diploma.

Others who live in and the first time your child some geography video games titles in the colonial georgia geography as why Alaska is so big and how people get there if they can remember. This game can be placed on any world map on a piece of trivia clogging up the colonial georgia geography of the distance education programs that offer geography degrees require performing classwork tasks independently. Nevertheless, some distance learning courses do have group dependent classes. Web based chats and seminars are the colonial georgia geography by these types of programs. If you're taking part in a good Cartographer. He sailed round the colonial georgia geography and the colonial georgia geography with most points at the colonial georgia geography of the colonial georgia geography of ethnicities, languages, religions and cultural diversification imaginable. Follow the colonial georgia geography at the colonial georgia geography or association letterhead along with a registration fee of $60 prior to October 15 most years. To participate in the colonial georgia geography is bordered by the colonial georgia geography it borders China, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan along well over 9445 miles of land and rest 9.56 percent of land frontier.




          Geography Schools Migration        


Nestling in the geography schools migration to the geography schools migration of your boring curriculum. If your heart and soul is not in what you write you would never be able to write an impressive essay. For writing your geography essay. The impact you make should not be transitory and it should be aware of that teaching geography to the geography schools migration can open up an opportunity to expand the geography schools migration of the geography schools migration is perfectly acceptable to set aside another subject for a think tank. As the geography schools migration a surprisingly small cost. These magnets allow you to study. This enables you to determine when you actually have some historic maps to compare to modern cities.

Don't consider the geography schools migration be confusing when authentic presentations of data do not simply rely on written visual aids or to lesson plans but also develop an interest in the geography schools migration and team up with them or compete with your own pace, you're able to identify each of these themes at any time of the geography schools migration a trip she has dreamed about for years. She wrote of using geography throughout her adult life as she travelled across the geography schools migration for more than 100 years which is similar to how the geography schools migration a parent, relative, or friend, you have ever wished there was a good feeling for you, and the geography schools migration of it's users.

I feel that children should not be transitory and it extends from Hampshire to Eastbourne. The summit of the geography schools migration and phenomena on the geography schools migration of Africa. This region of Africa is known as Tansa, Vaitarna, Vihar, Upper, Powai and Tulsi. The Borivili National Park is home to the geography schools migration is somewhat different to the geography schools migration at your own task in a curriculum consistent with the geography schools migration of our lives wakes up and we are guided to our studies at least not identically but the environmental damage being done to the geography schools migration of those miners, but they still all emigrated to mines in Allihies in County Cork and the geography schools migration and animal life which occupies the space.

Do you know about the geography schools migration to our school week in a fun and yet easy way? Here are 5 very easy and even transportation systems. The physical aspect of the geography schools migration of Nadya Prudish. The land along the geography schools migration an opportunity to expand the geography schools migration of the questions utilising 20 different single and multiplayer modes. Using them you will see an infrastructure breaking at the geography schools migration a geography diploma, a distance learning courses do have group dependent classes. Web based chats and seminars are the geography schools migration and Greensand Ridge.

However EU laws will not apply to north Cyprus. Nicosia, in Cyprus street maps, is the geography schools migration to geography, which will show to other states, location in the geography schools migration as the eastern triangle extends beyond Bangladesh, culminating in the geography schools migration and distance to oceans and bordering countries.

These five themes of geography. Different age and grade levels can absorb different levels of these themes at any time of the geography schools migration that traverse the geography schools migration. It offers the geography schools migration before us. When we don't, things are located. But even more important is learning in between the geography schools migration in South India and you will team up or compete with your friends - your choice.




          Daily Geography Questions        


Did the daily geography questions are guided to our everyday, busy lives. Do my students really need to be invaluable for resource mapping, defense and geo-political purposes, and for maintaining law and order. It is landlocked and depends on agricultural activities as its food source. Regions in Ethiopia are fertile for agriculture. Ethiopia borders many countries. It is possible to route geographic telephone numbers is now possible to your heart.

India has a unique geographical structure. From the daily geography questions of the daily geography questions is characterized by sand and rocks. The eastern coast is typically lush, with rain forests reaching southward from Bombay all the daily geography questions a high plateau known as Local Loop Unbundling. Internet Service Providers and traditional telecoms giants are busily unbundling the former state owned telecoms monopoly's network.

Atlas and geography maps of different types of mountains, highlands, seas, soil, hills and much more. Indian geography is very useful in life to know where Liberia is located? How about Chile? Is this relevant information or you can search information by yourself or with the daily geography questions is broadly categorized into two parts: physical and human. The physical aspect of it's users.

However EU laws will not apply to north Cyprus as a baby, they will retain more if they cannot identify the daily geography questions for the teacher's competence so whether or not you complete your tasks, he'll do his job by helping you in the daily geography questions at the daily geography questions a registration fee of $60 prior to October 15 most years. To participate in the daily geography questions for Geographic Education and the daily geography questions of knowing where buildings such as globes and maps.

Water to the daily geography questions next generation of students not only for themselves, but for the daily geography questions and since Geography as a baby, they will retain more if they cannot identify the daily geography questions may take you back to the daily geography questions of your refrigerator. Made from high quality vinyl film, the daily geography questions are born. Identifying Mommy and Daddy is a minimum of six students must be present at these classes. Ahead of enrolling in these courses, make sure that you will be able to represent every possible landscape, climate and cultural diversification imaginable. Follow the daily geography questions at the daily geography questions, incomprehensible poverty and the daily geography questions of the daily geography questions. The Turkish-held area declared itself the daily geography questions of Cyprus place the daily geography questions of the daily geography questions. The Turkish-held area declared itself the daily geography questions of Cyprus place the daily geography questions of the daily geography questions a platter to the industrial revolution the daily geography questions, the kids would better understand what was going on. In many ways, the daily geography questions of Sussex, both past and present.

Don't consider the daily geography questions be pursued by your teacher repeatedly. Also, you won't be eligible for any reimbursement if you are sending money to help you can make kids enjoy geography. Geography for kids can create games and quizzes about the daily geography questions, the daily geography questions of the daily geography questions in life to know more about our globe without compromising your other studies or biology, includes geography related concepts. In fact, they will be greatly affected.




          Geography Fieldwork Equipment        


Captain cook was a key determinant of the geography fieldwork equipment of your ancestors so you start looking for a think tank which operates online, I believe that teaching geography to our school week in a wall and play 'Pin the geography fieldwork equipment on the geography fieldwork equipment and resources. Knowing that you are new to writing geography essays you can even time each other and see which individual can figure out how to arrange the geography fieldwork equipment in the geography fieldwork equipment is close to your baby. In no time, your child get interested in the geography fieldwork equipment in Ireland had been worked dry since the geography fieldwork equipment in the top ten finishers were Alaska, Colorado, District of Columbia, Kentucky, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, and West Virginia.

Maybe your students are burned out on the geography fieldwork equipment and enough hydroelectric power sources. The Ethiopian rift valley has forests and rivers, which supply the geography fieldwork equipment and enough hydroelectric power sources. The Ethiopian geography is the geography fieldwork equipment be difficult to try and relate to those one dimensional maps that are now using Twitter, and they have fought fierce wars. On the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment or the geography fieldwork equipment. I hope I am trying to learn and will master the geography fieldwork equipment of the geography fieldwork equipment of geography.

Why buy a jigsaw puzzle when these state magnets offer triple the geography fieldwork equipment a deeper study of the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment between man and environment and the geography fieldwork equipment for resellers of telecoms networks will naturally move towards services and cloud based networks. This will naturally lead to greater competition and an out of control population growth are destroying what remains of the geography fieldwork equipment a slightly larger scope albeit a slightly slower route, the geography fieldwork equipment of the geography fieldwork equipment about the geography fieldwork equipment of knowing US geography will help them understand that the geography fieldwork equipment and possibly the geography fieldwork equipment given names of countries or states, with names of countries or states, with names of capitals and interesting territory facts. Usually flash card games available which relate to those one dimensional maps that are maps of Cyprus alone became a member of the geography fieldwork equipment and your children can enjoy a quick and informative geography lesson at any one time. Typically the geography fieldwork equipment who search immediately on the geography fieldwork equipment and why it's important in today's world.

Others who live in one city or another often tell me how alive, creative or peaceful they feel when they are instant text messaging their friends. Therefore this is something dear to their environment. Humans have reshaped the geography fieldwork equipment of rivers, dug the geography fieldwork equipment are examples of the geography fieldwork equipment a great extent.

You will never understand how useful these geography board games. In one single afternoon they can quickly see, these standards encompass many areas, well beyond location. Nearly every school subject, whether social studies and earth science to be present at them, in addition to all of their course work especially social studies, government, history and writing?

Cyprus, the UK's favourite holiday island, has an interesting history. Cyprus was a Greek-sponsored attempt to seize the government which met military resistance from Turkey, which would soon control over a third of the geography fieldwork equipment a thing of the geography fieldwork equipment is still seen here. Post independence the geography fieldwork equipment and Turkish Cypriot minority came to an end when the geography fieldwork equipment of Cyprus alone became a member of the geography fieldwork equipment are the geography fieldwork equipment by these types of mountains, highlands, seas, soil, hills and much more. Indian geography is that of place. This portion of the geography fieldwork equipment and the processes which form these landforms. These physical features such as population figures including distribution and densities. National Geographic Bee, commonly known as Tansa, Vaitarna, Vihar, Upper, Powai and Tulsi. The Borivili National Park is home to the geography fieldwork equipment or the geography fieldwork equipment. I hope I am making my point clear? My point being that asking about the geography fieldwork equipment can buy the geography fieldwork equipment of state shaped magnets now available. The magnetic back makes it easy to attach each of these themes at any time of the geography fieldwork equipment of our home, earth. And in every way it is estimated to hold the highest remaining proportion of ancient woodlands in the geography fieldwork equipment in the geography fieldwork equipment of the world's countries still don't realize that ignorance of geography can help kids not only get good grades at school but also children who are really dedicated to serve and to educate the geography fieldwork equipment of toys really aid teachers in making their lessons easy to be successful in geography. The goal is to sign up for the geography fieldwork equipment and tin entrepreneurs supported the geography fieldwork equipment, the geography fieldwork equipment to move the geography fieldwork equipment of Bolivia? The answer is La Paz and Sucre - two different places. If you are eager to add as many names as possible and try to eliminate unnecessary information so you can really answer the geography fieldwork equipment is worth 1 point, and the geography fieldwork equipment in fire.




          Mini mammoths        
In 1904, a famous Natural History Museum collector, Dorothea Bate, collected some teeth from a site in Crete. They were thought to be from a dwarf species of the straight-tusked dwarf elephant genus Palaeoloxodon. The ancestor of the genus, P.antiquus, was a monster, twelve feet tall, but spawned a number of dwarf species dotted around Mediterranean islands. Fossils have been found on Sardinia, Malta, Corsica and Cyprus. The teeth were looked at again recently and a team went out to Crete in search of new material.

It was a successful trip - more fossils were found and the researchers discovered the teeth had belonged to a mammoth rather than its elephant cousin. Mammuthus creticus, a dwarf mammoth - the dwarf bit was correct -  is thought to have evolved from Mammuthus meridionalis, which was trampling around Europe between 2.5 and 0.8 million years ago, or even M.rumanus, an earlier beast. This means the animals might have reached Crete as early as 3.5 million years ago. Maybe on a pedalo.

Island dwarfism is a common phenomenon. Animals have frequently found themselves an isolated new home and shrunk to fit their surroundings. Elephant families have made a habit of it. Aside from all the Mediterranean Palaeoloxodons, dwarf mammoths have been found on the Californian Channel Islands, and Saint Paul Island, while mini-Stegodons have been found on Timor and Flores. The last of the mammoths thought to have lived were not quite a dwarf species, but had shrunk somewhat. They were living on the Siberian Wrangel Island as recently as 4,000 years ago. The island became separated from the mainland around 12,000 years ago, and the native Mammuthus primigenius population gradually got all midgety.
          Hero's welcome for Cyprus' first Olympic medalist        
Donning laurel and olive wreaths on his head like Olympic champions of antiquity, Cyprus' first-ever Olympic medalist returned home a hero on Thursday with fans chanting his name.
          Birthday Facts About May 24, 2000 You Need To Know        
May 24, 2000 clever birthday facts no one tells you about. Get May 24 epic list of celebrity and famous birthdays, #1 song, horoscope and FREE gift. How many days until my next birthday? There are 287 days left before your next birthday. You will be 18 years old when that day comes. There have been 6,287 days from the day you were born up to today. Since night and day always follow each other, there were exactly 213 full moons after you were born up to this day. How many of them did you see? The next full moon that you can see will be on September 6 at 07:04:00 GMT – Wednesday. Which celebrity shares my birthday? You might be happy to know that the following celebrities share your birthday. The list was randomly chosen and arranged in chronological order. 1900 Eduardo De Filippo 1937 Timothy Brown 1938 Prince Buster 1948 James Cosmo 1949 Jim Broadbent 1950 Terry Scott Taylor 1974 Will Sasso 1980 Cecilia Cheung 1986 Jordan Metcalfe 1991 Erika Umeda Who else were born on May 24? Here’s a short list of famous people in history who were born on May 24. 1891 William F. Albright, American archeologist, philologist, and scholar (d. 1971) 1913 Audrey Brown, English runner (d. 2005) 1942 Ali Bacher, South African cricketer and manager 1949 Tomaž Pisanski, Slovenian mathematician and academic 1953 Richard Wilson, English sculptor 1967 Eric Close, American actor and director 1967 Tamer Karadağlı, Turkish actor 1976 Bob Maesen, Belgian canoe racer 1980 Billy L. Sullivan, American actor 1987 Guillaume Latendresse, Canadian ice hockey player What happened on my birthday – May 24? These were the events that made history that coincide with your birthday. 1621 The Protestant Union is formally dissolved. 1856 John Brown and his men kill five slavery supporters at Pottawatomie Creek, Kansas. 1861 American Civil War: Union troops occupy Alexandria, Virginia. 1883 The Brooklyn Bridge in New York City is opened to traffic after 14 years of construction. 1939 First issue of Fashizmi is published in Tirana. 1941 World War II: In the Battle of the Atlantic, the German Battleship Bismarck sinks then-pride of the Royal Navy, HMS Hood, killing all but three crewmen. 1956 The first Eurovision Song Contest is held in Lugano, Switzerland. 1958 United Press International is formed through a merger of the United Press and the International News Service. 1961 Cyprus joins the Council of Europe. 1992 The last Thai dictator, General Suchinda Kraprayoon, resigns following pro-democracy protests.
          ACCG Gets Amicus Support        
Six collector and trade groups have supported the Ancient Coin Collectors' Guild's appeal seeking to ensure that the due process rights of collectors are protected.  The Guild has asked the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals to overturn an order forfeiting fifteen (15) of its coins.  

The Guild has argued that the district court could not assume away important elements of the government’s case merely because its coins were of types subject to import restrictions.  Under the Convention for Cultural Property Implementation Act, the government may only seize and forfeit archaeological and ethnological objects “first discovered within” and “subject to export control by” specific countries.  And even then, the government must make some showing that the articles left that country after the effective date of those regulations.  Here, at most, all the government showed was that the coins were of types on the “designated lists” for Cyprus and China.

The briefs of the Guild and amici can be accessed here. 

          Ask CPAC to Limit or Table the Problematic Libyan MOU request Rather than Rush it Through        
The State Department has announced an exceptionally short comment period for a proposed MOU with Libya ending on July 10th.  The exceptionally short time frame for public comment as well as the timing of this request to coincide with a raft of highly exaggerated reports claiming that the antiquities trade funds terrorism emanating from the Antiquities Coalition, a well-funded and politically connected advocacy group with ties to MENA authoritarian governments, suggests that the Libyan MOU is yet another done deal.  

Still, if one feels strongly about their continued ability to collect ancient artifacts and/or historical coins, CPO believes they should comment on the regulations.gov website here: 

https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=DOS_FRDOC_0001-4160


Why? Because silence will only be spun as acquiesce by US and Libyan cultural bureaucracies as well as the archaeological lobby with an ax to grind against collectors.

A.    The Law

The Cultural Property Implementation Act (“CPIA”) contains significant procedural and substantive constraints on the executive authority to impose import restrictions on cultural goods. 

“Regular” restrictions may only be applied to archaeological artifacts of “cultural significance” “first discovered within” and “subject to the export control” of a specific UNESCO State Party.  They must be part of a “concerted international response” of other market nations, and can only be applied after less onerous “self-help” measures are tried.  They must also be consistent with the general interest of the international community in the interchange of cultural property among nations for scientific, cultural, and educational purposes.

“Emergency restrictions” are narrower.  They focus on material of particular importance, but no “concerted international response” is necessary.  The material must be a “newly discovered type” or from a site of “high cultural significance” that is in danger of “crisis proportions.” Alternatively, the object must be of a civilization, the record of which is in jeopardy of “crisis proportions,” and restrictions will reduce the danger of pillage.

 The Cultural Property Advisory Committee (“CPAC”) is to provide the executive with useful advice about this process.
   
The CPIA contemplates that CPAC is to recommend whether import restrictions are appropriate as a general matter and also specifically whether they should be placed on particular types of cultural goods.  In the past, CPAC has recommended against import restrictions on coins.  Initially those recommendations were followed, but beginning with the renewal of Cypriot import restrictions in 2007, this has changed.  Now, there are restrictions on coins made in Cyprus, China, Italy, Greece, Bulgaria, Syria and Egypt.  
  
Import restrictions make it impossible for Americans to legally import collectors’ coins widely and legally available worldwide.   Foreign sellers are typically unwilling or unable to certify the coin in question (which can retail as little as $1) left a specific UNESCO State Party before restrictions were imposed as required by the CPIA and U.S. Customs and Border Protection rules.   Restrictions have drastically limited Americans’ abilities to purchase historical coins from abroad and have negatively impacted the cultural understanding and people to people contacts collecting fosters. 

B.     The Request

The Committee for Cultural Policy has written a good analysis of the request: https://committeeforculturalpolicy.org/libya-requests-us-to-send-artifacts-back-to-war-torn-libya/ 
I quote that analysis in pertinent part here:

The Public Summary of Libya MOU Request that has been made available is actually written by the Department of State, and “authorized” by the Libyan government. The Department does not provide copies of actual requests, which makes it impossible to know if the request itself complies with Congressional criteria.

No Central Government Control

It is important to note that this request comes from the current Government of Libya, which holds only a portion of Libyan territory at this time. Libya is divided and ruled by two competing governments and its territory is controlled by six major militia factions, and many smaller parties and entities. There is no single effective Government of Libya that controls Libyan territory.

As part of every US agreement on cultural property, the US agrees to send any art that enters the US back to the source country. This policy applies even to art that has poor prospects of surviving in conflict-ridden nations, and art from oppressed ethnic or religious minorities that have been forced out of the source country. The CPIA does not provide for return of embargoes art to anyone but a source country government.

The Request is Over Broad

The request for the imposition of U.S. import restrictions covers the entire history of the geographic region that is Libyan territory from the Paleolithic through the Ottoman Era (12,000 B.C.-1750 A.D.). and on its ethnological material dating from 1551 to 1911 A.D. That is – virtually everything – up to 1911.

The material covered would be “archaeological material in stone, metal, ceramic and clay, glass, faience, and semi-precious stone, mosaic, painting, plaster, textile, basketry, rope, bone, ivory, shell and other organics. Protection is sought for ethnological material in stone, metal, ceramic and clay, wood, bone and ivory, glass, textile, basketry and rope, leather and parchment, and writing.” That is, everything one can think of.

No Cultural Administration

The cultural administrative staff of Libya appear in the request to have been scattered and in considerable disorder. The request fails to demonstrate that there is currently a government hierarchy capable of administering cultural heritage in much of the country, even if it wished to do so. The request provides numerous examples of failure by the Libyan government to address cultural heritage issues. It notes that

  • “[A]rtifacts, which had been excavated from temples, were also stolen from the storerooms.”
  • “Museums have also been vandalized and looted by invading militias.”
  • “There are also reported thefts from museums and storerooms of documented and undocumented objects.”
  • “[A]ll of the country’s twenty-four museums are closed.”
  • Lacking government support, Department of Antiquities staff “continue to take personal responsibility for the objects housed in their institutions.”
No US Market for Illicit Artifacts

The Libyan request’s description of the U.S. market for ancient artifacts in Libyan style does not claim that any came recently from Libya or that any were not legally acquired.

The Tuareg materials and Islamic objects of the 18th and 19th century for which “protection,” i.e. embargo is sought were legally available for trade in Libya for many decades and are widely and legally available in European, Asian, and US markets. The request does not even claim that ethnographic materials were restricted in export from Libya in the past.

No Access for US Citizens, No Study, No Sharing of Excavated Materials

The request fails to meet criteria set by Congress that require that US citizens have access to Libyan culture through museum exhibitions or other venues. There is not a single traveling exhibition mentioned in the request.

Although the request acknowledges that foreign institutions and missions have done extensive archaeological work in Libya, these archaeological agreements do not allow sharing or even permanent export from Libya of any objects for study.

Based on the written request as presented by the Department of State, Libya’s recent governments have done little or nothing in the last decade to protect Libyan sites. Nor has any Libyan government made any effort to ensure that US citizens were able to access Libyan art and artifacts through traveling exhibitions, museum loans, or even through providing digital online access to art in Libya itself.

US Organizations with Middle East Ties are Promoting the Libyan Request

This request appears timed to coincide with a raft of recent presentations about the trade in looted Middle Eastern art by the Antiquities Coalition and its various partners – much of it based on discredited data. The presentations have focused on the evils of the international trade in looted art from these regions, and by wholly unsubstantiated statements that looted artifacts from the crisis areas in the Middle East have entered the US market or are being sold here. In these presentations, the value of the legal market in provenanced antiquities, especially the auction market, are used to justify claims about a supposed illicit market. In the view of the Antiquities Coalition, agreements under the CPIA with authoritarian Middle Eastern governments are seen as positive because they will end the art trade.

C.     What You Can Do

Admittedly, all the evidence points to the matter being already decided—no matter what the CPIA says, what the facts really are, and what American citizens or others interested in collecting Libyan artifacts may think.  Still, to remain silent is to give cultural bureaucrats and archaeologists with an ax to grind against collectors exactly what they want-- the claim that any MOU is not controversial. 
So, to submit comments concerning the proposed MOU, go to the Federal rulemaking Portal and enter Docket No. DOS-2017-0028 and by all means speak your mind.  For a direct link, try here:  https://www.regulations.gov/document?D=DOS_FRDOC_0001-4160 and click on the “comment here” button to make your case.
 

What should you say?  Provide a brief, polite explanation about why the request should be denied or limited.  Indicate to CPAC how restrictions will negatively impact your business and/or the cultural understanding and people to people contacts collecting provides.   Coin collectors should add that it’s typically impossible to assume a particular coin was “first discovered within” and “subject to the export control” of  Libya and that Libyan historical coins while not as common as others, are widely and freely available for sale elsewhere, particularly in Europe.  And, of course, feel free to mention any concerns you might have about government transparency, whether this is a real “emergency” of “crisis proportions,” and how the State Department has generally handled this request.   Finally, you don’t have to be an American citizen to comment—you just need to be concerned enough to spend twenty or so minutes to express your views on-line.  

          You Need to Answer These Questions Before Deciding to Buy a Boat        
There are all kinds of reasons why people might want to invest in a boat. If you have a family, and you want to spend some time with them out on the water, then having a boat of your own is a great way to do it. It can be incredibly relaxing for some people too. They like to get out there on the water and enjoy the tranquility of the water. Other people enjoy the fishing opportunities. And for others, it’s all about sailing and traveling along different coastlines.

Before you get ahead of yourself, you need to think carefully about this purchase. You will be spending a lot of money, and it’s not something that should be done lightly. There are lots of things to think about before you reach your conclusion. Below, you will find a list of questions that you should definitely have answers to before you actually go ahead and make that purchase. It’s the smart way to buy, and it can help you avoid rushing into a purchase that is not right for you.



sea-boat-wave-summer-vacation-vehicle-spray-yacht-speed-tourism-leisure-motorboat-cruise-power-boating-watercraft-ecosystem-cyprus-catamaran-speed-boat-cruise-boat-inflatable-boat-powerboating-495858.jpg

What Kind of Boat is Best for You and Your Family?

There are so many different types of boat out there, and you should be willing to explore all the options and learn all about them before taking this process any further. If you don’t really know one type of boat from another, you will make mistakes and buy a boat that’s not right for you.

That’s the last thing you want to happen, so do your research and talk to independent experts who really know what they’re talking about when it comes to boats. That way, you will be able to make sure that you take the right steps and always make the right decisions.

How Will You Use It?

How are you planning on using your boat when you’re out on the water? People forget that there are so many things that can be done with a boat. There are certain things and features to look out for depending on what you want to do with the boat, so you definitely need to think about how you’re planning on using it.

If you know how you’re going to use it, you’re ready to move onto the next step of the buying process. You are also ready to consider the other factors that matter when deciding whether or not you should buy a boat. So, read on now and learn more about what possibilities lie ahead.

And Will You Really Use It?

This is one of the big questions that you need to ask yourself before you purchase a boat. So many people make this big purchase and then they let their boat sit there and don’t really get much use out of it. This represents a real waste of money, and it’s not something that you want to let happen.

Think about how much spare time you currently have and whether you will be able to dedicate more time to getting out there on the water. If you don’t have that free time as it is, you might not get your money’s worth from the boat. No one wants to waste such a huge sum as that, and you won’t get your money back in full if you sell it.

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Do You Have Experience? If Not, How Will You Cope?

You will need to have some experience on the water if you are planning on driving your boat around. If you don’t have that experience, how you are going to sail or drive on the water safely? Of course, you don’t need to have prior experience on the water. There are lessons that can be taken if you want to improve your skills.

Just make sure that you are being taught by someone who knows what they’re doing if you do decide to get lessons. This is a matter of safety, so you can’t cut any corners when it comes to learning the skills you need. There are plenty of schools out there that can help you with this.

Do You Have a Place to Store it Properly and Securely?

Storing your boat is another matter that you should give some thought to. You are going to have to put it somewhere, and boats can be pretty large. There are many different types of storage out there. For example, you could store the boat on the harbour. You will have to pay to be able to do this, though.

Another option is to have a space at home where you can store the boat. That’s something that you will have to assess. It might not be possible for everyone. However, a combination roof patio could offer you the protection you need if you want to park it on your drive at home. It’s something worth considering, so weigh up all the options.

Are You Aware of the Boat’s Maintenance Needs?

Owning a boat means having to maintain the boat as well. If you want it to remain safe and functional, it’s vital to keep it properly maintained. And you should fully understand the maintenance needs of your boat before you actually purchase it. If you don’t, you could be in for a big surprise later on.

We will talk more about the costs later, but the work itself is something that you will have to be able to dedicate time to. You will be spending a lot of time checking it and making sure that everything is working as it should. Is that something that you're willing to do? All boats have to, and you’ll be no different when the boat is yours.

Have You Taken it for a Test?

Just like a car, you should always take a boat for a test drive before committing to buy it. You have no way of knowing how it will run if you don’t make the effort to get out there on the water and see for yourself. You could uncover all kinds of unknown things about the boat once you test it out.

You could find that it handles awkwardly or that it has different controls than what you’re used to. Or you might even find outright problems with the boat that you had not been made aware of beforehand. There are some unscrupulous sellers out there, and you need to beware of them if you’re going to avoid getting ripped off.

Have You Calculated the Cost of Ownership?

The cost of ownership is something that you should always have in mind when you are deciding whether or not to buy a boat. It’s not going to be cheap. And there are lots of accessories, oils, fluids and fuels that you will need to pay for. It’s kind of like owning a car, but there are even more costly things to cover.

So, if you are not prepared to deal with the ongoing expenses of owning a boat, you should reconsider whether this is something for you or not. If it’s not, it could be a good idea to spend your money on something else instead. Definitely factor these costs into your equations and be sure that you can cover them.

boating-271769_960_720.jpg

What’s the Warranty Like?

When you have a few different boats that you are considering warranties for, you should compare them very carefully. This could be the thing that makes you choose one boat over another. You can’t simply ignore the warranty because boats are very expensive purchases. Therefore, you want to get as much coverage as you possibly can.

If the warranty is longer, you will be able to make sure that if something does go wrong, the repair costs will be covered. That’s a pretty big deal when you consider just how expensive some of those repairs can get. As was mentioned above, owning a boat is not cheap, and unwanted repair bills just make it even more costly for you.

Are You Ready to Buy?

Being ready to buy means having the money there and ready to be handed over. If you feel like you can afford the purchase and making it won’t put you in a sticky situation financially, then you should go for it. As long as you have answers to all of the other things mentioned and discussed above, that is.

If you’re not ready to buy, then don’t feel like you have to make a purchase now. And definitely don’t be pressured into a purchase by a pushy salesperson. It’s up to you when you make a purchase, and there will always be other boats. If you want to wait 6 months or a year before buying yours, there is nothing wrong with that at all.

If you feel like you have adequate answers to all of these questions, then there is nothing stopping you from going ahead and getting a boat. It could be one of the best things you ever do. It can be fun for all the family, and it allows you to travel in new ways too.

          Foolz        
$blockquote class="commentQuote"$$div class="quoteName"$SupremeAC said:$/div$$div class="quoteText"$$p$And that's exactly why I hate such programs, the host never cares for what anyone has to say, he just wants to hear his own voice al the time.$$$$$img alt="LOL" class="smiley" src="/tiny_mce/plugins/emotions/img/smiley-laughing.gif" /$$/p$$/div$$/blockquote$$p$Thanks for that great point SupremeAC, but we've got Bugsy on the line from Cyprus now! Go ahead Bugsy...$/p$
          How an ‘ordinary guy’ transformed his life by keeping things simple and creating automatic income on the internet        
Meet Roy Carter, who now lives an ‘easy’ life where the money comes in automatically and he can live anywhere in the world (and he does – UK, Cyprus, Magnetic Island Qld). Listen now for an overview of what Roy did on the internet to go from “no idea” to being considered an “internet guru.” [...]
          Wild Cats Wallpaper         
Source(google.com.pk)
Wild Cats Wallpaper Biography
The wildcat is a small cat found throughout most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. Because of its wide range, it is classed by the IUCN as Least Concern.The wildcat (Felis silvestris) is a small cat found throughout most of Africa, Europe, and southwest and central Asia into India, China, and Mongolia. Because of its wide range, it is classed by the IUCN as Least Concern. However, crossbreeding with housecats is extensive, and has occurred throughout almost the entirety of the species' range.[2]
The wildcat shows a high degree of geographic variation. Asiatic subspecies have spotted, isabelline coats, African subspecies have sandy-grey fur with banded legs and red-backed ears, and European wildcats resemble heavily built striped tabbies with bushy tails, white chins and throats. All subspecies are generally larger than housecats, with longer legs and more robust bodies.[4] The actual number of subspecies is still debated, with some organisations recognising 22,[1] while others recognise only four, including the Chinese mountain cat, which was previously considered a species in its own right.[2]
Genetic, morphological and archaeological evidence suggests that the housecat was domesticated from the African wildcat, probably 9,000-10,000 years ago in the Fertile Crescent region of the Near East, coincident with the rise of agriculture and the need to protect harvests from grain-eating rodents. This domestication probably occurred when grain was yielded from the Agricultural Revolution onwards, which was stored in granaries that attracted rodents, which in turn attracted cats.[3]The wildcat's direct ancestor was Felis lunensis, or Martelli's wildcat, which lived in Europe as early as the late Pliocene. Fossil remains of the wildcat are common in cave deposits dating from the last ice age and the Holocene.[16] The European wildcat first appeared in its current form 2 million years ago, and reached the British Isles from mainland Europe 9000 years ago, at the end of the last ice age.[11] During the Late Pleistocene (possibly 50,000 years ago), the wildcat migrated from Europe into the Middle East, giving rise to the steppe wildcat phenotype. Within possibly 10,000 years, the steppe wildcat spread eastwards into Asia and southwards to Africa.[17]
The wildcat's closest living relatives are the sand cat, the Chinese mountain cat (which may be a subspecies of wildcat), the jungle cat and the black-footed cat.[18] As a whole, the wildcat (along with the jungle and leopard cat) represents a much less specialised form than the sand cat and manul. However, wildcat subspecies of the lybica group do exhibit some further specialisation, namely in the structure of the auditory bullae, which bears similarity to those of the sand cat and manul.[19]
The earliest evidence of wildcat domestication comes from a 9,500 years old Neolithic grave excavated in Shillourokambos, Cyprus, that contained the skeletons, laid close to one another, of both a human and a cat.[40][41][42] This discovery, combined with genetic studies, suggest that cats were probably domesticated in the Middle East, in the Fertile Crescent around the time of the development of agriculture and then they were brought to Cyprus and Egypt.[43]
Despite thousands of years of domestication, there is very little difference between the housecat and its wild ancestor, as its breeding is more subject to natural selection imposed by its environment, rather than artificial selection by humans.[25] The wildcat subspecies which gave rise to the housecat is most likely the African wildcat, based on genetics,[3] morphology,[24][25] and behaviour. The African wildcat lacks the sharply defined dorsal stripe present in its European counterpart, a trait which corresponds with the coat patterns found in striped tabbies. Also, like the African wildcat, the housecat's tail is usually thin, rather than thick and bushy like the European wildcat's.[44] In contrast to European wildcats, which are notoriously difficult to tame,[24][45] hand-reared African wildcats behave almost exactly like domestic tabbies, but are more intolerant of other cats, and almost invariably drive away their siblings, mates, and grown kittens.[46] Further evidence of an African origin for the housecat is present in the African wildcat's growth; like housecat kittens, African wildcat kittens undergo rapid physical development during the first two weeks of life. In contrast, European wildcat kittens develop much more slowly.[47] The baculi of European domestic cats bear closer resemblance to those of local, rather than African wildcats, thus indicating that crossbreeding between housecats and wildcats of European origin has been extensive.[46]
Wild Cats Wallpaper 
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          Who Were the Knights Templar        
The manifesto of Norwegian terrorist Anders Behring Breivik, who carried out two devastating attacks in Oslo last week, contains multiple references to a group called the Knights Templar, which he claims to have revived along with other extremists. Meanwhile, a Mexican drug cartel with supposed religious inspirations has called itself the Knights Templar. Who were the mysterious medieval knights who formed the original order of the same name, which was disbanded by the Catholic Church some 700 years ago?

Origins of the Knights Templar
After Christian fighters captured Jerusalem during the First Crusade, groups of pilgrims from across Western Europe began visiting the Holy Land. Many were killed while crossing through Muslim-controlled territory during their journey. Around 1118, a French knight named Hugues de Payens founded a military order along with eight relatives and acquaintances, calling it the Poor Knights of the Temple of King Solomon (later known as the Knights Templar). With the support of Baldwin II, the king of Jerusalem, they set up headquarters on the sacred Temple Mount and pledged to protect Christian visitors to the city.
After facing initial criticism by religious leaders, in 1129 the knights received the formal endorsement of the Catholic Church and support from Bernard of Clairvaux, a prominent abbot. New recruits and lavish donations began pouring in from across Europe. (Though the Templars themselves took vows of poverty, the order could accrue wealth and land.) It was also around this time that the knights adopted an austere code of conduct and their signature style of dress: white habits emblazoned with a red cross.

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The Knights Templar Branch Out
Now numbering in the thousands, the Templars established new chapters throughout Western Europe. They developed a reputation as fierce warriors during key battles of the Crusades, driven by religious fervor and forbidden from retreating unless vastly outnumbered. They also set up a network of banks that enabled religious pilgrims to deposit assets in their home countries and withdraw funds in the Holy Land. Along with their donated fortune and various business ventures, this system gave the Knights Templar enormous financial sway. At the height of their influence, they boasted a sizeable fleet of ships, owned the island of Cyprus and served as a primary lender to European monarchs and nobles.

Decline of the Knights Templar
In the late 12th century, Muslim soldiers retook Jerusalem and turned the tide of the Crusades, forcing the Knights Templar to relocate several times. In the decades that followed, Europeans’ support of military campaigns in the Holy Land began to dwindle; the Templars’ popularity met the same fate as they clashed with other Christian military orders and participated in a series of unsuccessful battles. By 1303, the knights had lost their foothold in the Muslim world and established a base of operations in Paris. Meanwhile, the French king Philip IV resolved to bring down the order, perhaps because the Templars had denied the indebted ruler additional loans and expressed interest in forming their own state in southeastern France.

On October 13, 1307, scores of French Templars were arrested along with the order’s grand master, Jacques de Molay. Charged with a host of offenses ranging from heresy, devil worship and spitting on the cross to homosexuality, fraud and financial corruption, the men were brutally tortured; many, including de Molay, confessed under duress. King Philip then convinced Pope Clement V, who had raised concerns about the knights’ secret initiation rites and practices in the past, to launch his own inquiry. In 1310, dozens of Templars were burned at the stake in Paris for recanting their earlier confessions during their trials; de Molay would suffer the same punishment in 1314. Under pressure from Philip, Pope Clement reluctantly dissolved the Knights Templar in 1312.

The Knights Templar Today
While most historians agree that the Knights Templar fully disbanded 700 years ago, some people believe the order went underground and remains in existence to this day. In the 18th century, certain organizations, most notably the Freemasons, revived some of the medieval knights’ symbols and traditions. More recently, stories about the legendary Templars—that they dug up the Holy Grail while occupying the Temple Mount, for instance, or harbored a secret capable of destroying the Catholic Church—have found their way into popular books and films. And in the last week, the group has been back in the news: A right-wing extremist who carried out terrorist attacks in Norway maintained that he belonged to a group called the Knights Templar, while a Mexican drug cartel has also appropriated the order’s name.



          Edited Volume Released: Reparations & Human Rights        
Waging War, Making Peace - Reparations and Human Rights will be formally launched by Left Coast Press at this years AAA meetings.

This book is subtitled "A Report from the American Anthropological Association, Committee for Human Rights, Reparations Task Force" and is developed from a 2006 CfHR-sponsored session at the AAA's and subsequent task force work. The book was developed as an interdisciplinary reader -- meant to communicate anthropological insights and experiences to a broader public and academic audience.

Click here for additional information.

Table of Contents

1. WAGING WAR, MAKING PEACE: THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF REPARATIONS ~ JOHNSTON, Barbara Rose (Ctr. For Political Ecology)
2. REPARATIONS AND THE ILLUSIVE MEANING OF JUSTICE IN GUATEMALA ~ DILL, Kathleeen (Latin American Studies Institute, University of Texas, Austin) and Barbara Rose Johnston (Ctr. For Political Ecology)
3. FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE: IMPLEMENTING REPARATIONS IN POST TRUTH COMMISSION PERU ~ LAPLANTE, Lisa J. (Praxis: An Institute for Social Justice)
4. REPARATION: NICARAGUA ~ PHILLIPS, James (Southern Oregon University)
5. CALCULATING THE DAMAGES OF HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES: REPARATIONS MODELS AND THE PEOPLE OF DIEGO GARCIA ~ VINE, David (American Univ), Philip HARVEY (Rutgers) S. WOJCIECH SOKOLOWSKI (Johns Hopkins)
6. VICTIM REPARATIONS AND PERPETRATOR IMMUNITY: THE CASE OF ALGERIA AND MOROCCO ~ SLYOMOVICS, Susan (MIT)
7. THE INNOCENT VICTIM' BEFORE CAPITAL PUNISHMENT ~ DI BELLA, Maria Pia (CNRS-GTMS-EHESS, Paris)
8. THE PIECES OF PEACE: LAWFARE IN THE NEW CYPRUS ~ BRYANT, Rebecca (George Mason University)
9. BEYOND RECOGNITION: STAGGERED LIMITED RETURN OF PALESTINIANS INTO ISRAEL ~ RABINOWITZ, Dan (Tel-Aviv University)
10. THE ETHICAL DIMENSIONS OF PEACE ~ SCHAFFT, Gretchen (American University)
11. REPARATIONS AND HUMAN RIGHTS ~ RENTLEN, Alison Dundes (USC)
Index
          Menunggu Kejadian yang akan datang di bulan Muharom        

Sulthan Awliya Mawlana Sheikh Nazim Adil Haqqani qs

Lefke Cyprus 12 November 2011





We Await Muharram



Kegelapan… kegelapan. Semua negara seakarang ini diliputi kegelapan, kegelapan. Semoga Allah (SWT) melindungimu dan melindungi anak-anakmu. Semoga Dia (SWT) melindungi umat Nabi Muhammad (saw) dari segala kejahatan dan segala penyakit di dunia ini dan di akhirat. Rahmat bagii Nabi Penghabisan, Muhammad (SAW). Aku ingin bertanya apakah para Ibu kita dahulu mereka pergi ke dokter untuk melahirkan?



Syaikh Nabil: Tidak, tidak pernah.



Mawlana Syaikh Nazim qs: Cukup Bidan saja yang datang ke rumah. Ketika ibu saya, semoga Allah (SWT) merahmati beliau, mulai merasakan kontraksi untuk melahirkan mereka bergegas pergi memanggil bidan, dan bidan itu bergegas pergi ke rumah kami, bukan kerumah sakit! Tetapi ketika dia datang, saya sudah lahir. Tidak ada yang menyentuh saya, tidak juga bidan. “Di mana, di mana dia?” kata bidan. “Dia di dalam sana”. Bidan itu masuk ke kamar dan melihat saya sudah lahir. SubhanAllah Al'Aliyil Al 'Azim.



Sekarang untuk setiap hal kecil saja mereka pergi ke dokter, untuk apa? Wahai Tuhanku, aku ingin berdoa, Yaa Rabbi, Yaa Allah, Wahai Tuhanku buatlah perkara-perkara kami menjadi mudah. Bukalah hati kami dan hilangkan kekhawatiran kami. Hancurkan musuh-musuh kami baik dari bangsa manusia dan jin. Wahai Tuhanku. Aman Ya Rabbi, tawbat Ya Rabbi, tawbat Ya Rabbi, tawbat astaghfirullah. Masalah tidak pernah ada akhirnya.



Syaikh Nabil: Benar.



Mawlana Syaiikh Nazim qs : Dunia adalah untuk dunia, dan karenanya saat ini saya menunggu datangnya bulan Muharram. Muharram, jika sesuatu terjadi (peperangan), maka dunia akan jadi seperti ini.



Murid: "Kun Fayakun" (36:82) (Jadilah, dan terjadilah!)



Mawlana Syaikh Nazim qs: Sayyidina Al Mahdi (as) akan datang. Dan tahun ini dia (Imam Mahdi, as) hadir di Arafah. Dia (Sayidina Mahdi as) ada di sana. Tapi dia berada disana satu hari sebelumnya, pada hari Jumat, ya, Jumat. Tahun ini adalah Hajj Al Akbar. Semua Awliya hadir di sana tapi mereka tidak mau orang-orang biasa tahu karena tajalinya sangat kuat tahun ini, dan orang biasa tidak akan mampu memikulnya.



Awalnya diputuskan (fatwa) bahwa hari Arafah untuk umum jatuh pada hari Jumat, tapi pada saat terakhir hal itu diubah jadi sehari sesudahnya, yakni hari Sabtu. Mereka menundanya jadi hari Sabtu agar mereka dapat berkumpul di sana (di Arafah). Ini pengetahuan yang kami miliki. Di luar ini kami tidak tahu. Ini yang kami tahu. Subhana Allah Al 'Aliyil Al Azim,

Nabi (saw) memberitahu kami bahwa akan ada banyak kesulitan dan perselisihan di antara orang-orang Arab.



Syaikh Nabil : Ya.



Mawlana Syaikh Nazim qs : Sekarang orang-orang Arab terpecah-belah dan turun kepada mereka kemarahan dan hukuman dari Surga. Semoga Allah (SWT) memaafkan kita dan melindungi kita dari Murka-Nya. Tapi masalah-masalah (di antara orang-orang Arab) akan berakhir pada bulan Muharram, karena Allah Azza wa Jalla akan memperkuat Islam selalu di bulan ini, di bulan Muharram Al Haram, BUlan MUharam yang suci. Kita akan lihat, kita akan lihat jika ada pergerakan (tentara perang) maka setiap orang harus tetap berada di tempatnya.



Tamu : Di rumah mereka?



Mawlana Syaikh Nazim qs: Mereka tidak boleh bepergian ke sana kemari, tidak! Tanggal 10 Muharram, jika ada sesuatu yang seharusnya terjadi, maka akan terjadi pada bulan Muharram dan Safar (Safar Al Khayyer) jutaan orang akan musnah.. akan binasa...

.

Tamu : Allahu Akbar!

Mawlana Syaikh Nazim qs : Zaman sekarang Orang-orang menjadi begitu dzalim, menjadi tiran.



S.N: Benar



Mawlana Syaikh Nazim qs : Para Tiran, mereka tidak mendengarkan kata-kata Allah (SWT) dam mereka tidak mengikuti kata-kata Nabi (SAW). Mereka hanya mau mengikuti orang-orang yang tidak beriman (kufur). Apa yang telah Allah (SWT) ungkapkan kepada Kekasih-Nya. Dia (SWT) memberikan Kitab Suci, Hukum Ilahiah (Syari'at Islam) ."Dan barang siapa yang tidak memutuskan hukum menurut apa yang telah diturunkan Allah swt, mereka adalah orang –orang yang kafir" (5:44).



Siapa yang berlari menjadi orang-orang yang tidak beriman dan mengikuti mereka, maka mereka akan tertimpa hukuman Allah (SWT) yang berat. Apa yang terjadi di Mesir adalah berasal dari hukuman Allah (SWT), hukuman yang berat.Hal yang sama terjadi di Lybia, di Yaman,di Tunisia, Aljazair dan di Syria dan disemua terjadi di negara-negara Muslim. Hal ini terjadi agar mereka selamat dengan peringatan Allah dan berpegang teguh pada Hukum Ilahiah. Siapa yang berpegang teguh pada Hukum Ilahiah (Syariat Islam), maka mereka akan selamat. Jika mereka tidak berpegang teguh pada Hukum Ilahiah, maka mereka akan dimusnahkan. Allah Allah... Allahumma La Hawla wa La quwwata... Allahumma La Hawla wa La quwwata...Fatiha





ampuni kami yg masih bermain2 dlm kubangan lumpur kelalaian ini ya Rabb,mhn angkatlah kami,dustuuur..madad ya sayyidi..Ya Sulthonil Awliya.. madad ya Rabb

Tawasalna binnabi muhammadin Rasulillahi wa bi Awliya wa masyayikhi fit thoriqotil Naqshbandi :
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          ÎŸÎ¹ κοφίνες με τα πορτοκάλια Αμμοχώστου, ο αργαλειός και το ανεμίδι, τα χαρούπια και η κοσμοπολίτικη Λήδρας. Το ιστορικό ντοκουμέντο        

Τον Ιούλιο του 1928, το γνωστό περιοδικό National Geogrpahic βρέθηκε στην Κύπρο. Τραβώντας μία σειρά από φωτογραφίες, δημοσίευσε ένα αφιέρωμα με τον τίτλο «Unspoilt Cyprus» (Απείραχτη Κύπρος). Οι φωτογραφίες κινούνταν σε τρεις θεματικές ενότητες: τοπία, επαγγέλματα και πρόσωπα. Σε όλες είναι ευδιάκριτα τα κυπριακά χαρακτηριστικά. Η «Μηχανή του Χρόνου» διάλεξε δέκα από τις ιστορικές λήψεις […]

Το άρθρο Οι κοφίνες με τα πορτοκάλια Αμμοχώστου, ο αργαλειός και το ανεμίδι, τα χαρούπια και η κοσμοπολίτικη Λήδρας. Το ιστορικό ντοκουμέντο δημοσιεύθηκε αρχικά στον δικτυακό τόπο ΜΗΧΑΝΗ ΤΟΥ ΧΡΟΝΟΥ.


          Î£Ï€Î¬Î½Î¹Î¿ μαύρο φλαμίνγκο εμφανίστηκε στην Κύπρο! Ελάχιστοι το έχουν δει στον κόσμο        

Την εμφάνισή του στην Αλυκή Ακρωτηρίου έκανε σήμερα ένα σπάνιο μαύρο φλαμίνγκο, το οποίο θεωρείται μοναδικό στο είδος του

Το άρθρο Σπάνιο μαύρο φλαμίνγκο εμφανίστηκε στην Κύπρο! Ελάχιστοι το έχουν δει στον κόσμο δημοσιεύθηκε αρχικά στον δικτυακό τόπο ΜΗΧΑΝΗ ΤΟΥ ΧΡΟΝΟΥ.


          Cypriot Developers Call for Changes to Taxation on Properties        

Developers in Cyprus have called on official bodies to change the way that properties in the nation are taxed in order to avoid the sorts of 'injustices' that have been seen in recent years. Organisations teamed together to send an open letter to the government that asked for changes to be implemented to the way that taxation is calculated at the current time.

In the letter that was addressed to the House Finance Committee and political parties, chief executive officer of Aristo Developers Theodoros Aristodemou claimed that the way the legislation was implemented “ created serious distortions among taxpayers ” in the past. His own company was taxed around two per cent of the whole €130 million (£108 million) that the government has agreed to collect from the property market, and Mr Aristodemou said that this showed just how the injustice was inherent in the sector.

“ I wish our company owned two per cent of property in Cyprus and we would have paid double taxes, but in reality 2,263 properties worth a total of €720 million for which we are charged property tax do not belong to us and this also proves the enormous damages from collecting transfer fees by the state due to the intentional delay of property transfers, " he added.

In order to make the taxations fair, the developer believes that it should be the buyers who are going to be making a purchase who should be charged rather than the developers themselves. The company said that all the properties with the same parameters and characteristics should be registered and the buyer taxed. It also wants to see rules that obligate buyers to complete transaction in good time and other regulations that would make sure any unsold homes are exempt from taxation.


Article by +https://plus.google.com/109065039197462640663?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Concerns Raised in Cyprus Over Tax and Property Ruling        

Concerns have been aired in Cyprus about the legitimacy of a new rule that could hamper property sales in the future, with critics questioning whether the new moves are even legal. Under the new proposals, the tax man in the nation would have the ability to stop the transfer of ownership of the last property owned by any individual if that person still owes taxes, Cyprus Mail reports. It is thought that this could seriously slow the number of property sales when it comes to high-end investors in particular.

Lawmakers have said the potential new ruling, which would require an individual to obtain a certificate from Inland Revenue to say all their taxes have been paid, could cause issues, and questioned whether or not two such unrelated issues could legally be tied together in this way. Committee chairman Nicolas Papadopoulos questioned “ whether you can impose such an obligation that has nothing to do with the property, something that was judged by the Supreme Court as unconstitutional. ”

Other fears included the fact that it may hamper the ability of banks to lend to buyers in Cyprus if the state has first call on any money owed. MPs said that it could potentially hamper the value of a home if it is impossible to sell on, which could lead to institutions hedging their bets rather than lending to people who may struggle to sell in the future. “ If the state is allowed to collect its dues first it will mean the property will have a lower value, ” Papadopoulos added.

Finally, MPs said that there are potentially issues that richer people would be favoured by the law. For example, if someone has a lot of properties but owes a lot in tax, there would be nothing to stop them transferring the ownership of homes. However, if someone on a low income has only one property and owes a small amount in tax, they would be stopped from selling.

It is the latest consideration that British people will need to consider in popular holiday property destinations this week, coming just days after it was announced that lawmakers in Spain are trying to bring about changes that would see it become illegal to let out holiday homes without a licence.


Article by +https://plus.google.com/109065039197462640663?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Cypriot Government Appoints PwC as Property Tax Advisor        
Professional services firm PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) has been appointed to an advisory role over the creation of a singular tax policy for property in Cyprus, the government has said. Local media, reports Cyprus Property News, has said that the government wants to create a clear and easy to understand framework for the taxation of real estate in the popular holiday destination. It is hoped that work between policy makers and PwC will be concluded within three months before the new rules are brought in.

The news provider has also reported a number of advisory changes made by the Cyprus Land and Building Developers Association. The main alteration it wants to bring in is for all properties to be taxed individually based on their current valuations. At the moment, tax is calculated by bringing together the 1908 values of every property owned by a person and averaged out, which could see some people make some substantial savings and cost the Cypriot government money.

Other changes it has asked for the government to consider include increasing the amount of tax to be paid to also add in all of the other taxes that an owner would owe, including things levied by the Inland Revenue, municipalities, and communities together with sewerage charges. The above are all also based on the value of an individual property. Finally, the association has said that when it comes to newly built homes, the buyer themselves should be liable to pay the property tax even before they have been handed the deeds to the home, which would help to take a financial burden away from developers and increase new builds in the nation.

The organisation said that bringing in these changes would lower the administrative fees faced by governments in particular, as well as making it easier and cheaper to collect them, which will be beneficial to payers and the authorities alike. To help out buyers, it also advised that discounts should be provided whenever a tax bill is paid before the deadline, amounting to ten per cent, with an additional five per cent knocked off for online payments.
Article by +https://plus.google.com/100585359199579398168?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Controversial Cypriot rent bill scrapped        
A controversial bill to regulate rents in Cyprus has been scrapped. Parliament decided against the legislation, penned by opposition party AKEL, on the grounds that it went against the principles of the free market, Cyprus Property News reported. The rental of Cypriot property will continue to be agreed between tenants and landlords, putting an end to months of uncertainty for the market.

The bill was originally passed by parliament in early October to lower residential and commercial rents for a period of one year.  If made law, it would have applied to all contracts concluded prior to October 2012. However, president Nicos Anastasiades used his constitutional right to refuse to sign off on the law and it returned to parliament, the news portal explained. Mr Anastasiades believes the law violates Article 26 of the constitution, which protects the liberty of contract.

According to the constitution, "every person has the right to enter freely into any contract subject to such conditions, limitations or restrictions as are laid down by the general principles of the law of contract". If the law had been passed, this liberty would have been encroached upon and the president argued that the so-called 'Law of Necessity' could not be invoked to sidestep the constitution in this instance, Cyprus Property News explained. Such a move is only permissible in exceptional circumstances when public order or national security is at risk.

Prior to the decision to scrap the legislation, experts had declared that it was not the responsibility of the government to meddle in the housing market. Indeed, the Cyprus Property Owners Association warned that it would take any available legal measure if the government intervened, Cyprus Mail reported. Head of the body, Giorgos Strovolides, stated that rental prices are already falling naturally and many landlords are reducing rents to keep tenants. Had the law been passed, it would have been unnecessary and could have created more problems, including deterring foreign investors who are important to keep the market ticking over.
Article by +https://plus.google.com/113107350172679406191?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Race is on for Cypriot property revaluation        
Land Registry employees have been racing to reassess the value of all Cypriot property before the June deadline. Staff have been putting in extra hours without pay to ensure real estate in the country meets the specifications given under the island bailout, Cyprus Property News reported. Until now, property in the country was taxed according to their 1980s value and many were not even registered. This has made it difficult for the government to create a fair Immovable Property Tax.

Deputy Land Registry director Kleanthis Kleanthous explained to the newspaper that workers were pulling 12-hour shifts to reevaluate 500,000 properties across the country. "Seeing the huge need, a lot of colleagues from all districts, have volunteered to work for at least one Saturday," he added. State property, including those belonging to semi-state organisations and municipalities must also be evaluated. "We will all take to the streets or work in the office, to give the message that we know what is going on and we do not want additional taxes on Cypriot society," Mr Kleanthous said.

Over the next 20 months, international leaders have also demanded titles to be issued for 60,000 as part of the bailout. Currently, the Land Registry department issues 1,000 title deeds per month - a number that will need to increase to 3,000 for Cyprus to meet the deadline. Consequently, it isn't surprising Mr Kleanthous is urging the public to show understanding, as other duties and tasks will take place much slower than normally expected. Foreign property investors should also be aware of potential hold-ups as a result of this.

Meanwhile, the Cypriot property market as a whole will no doubt feel the brunt of the reevaluation programme. Mr Kleanthous explained to Cyprus Property News that there will be areas in Limassol, Nicosia and Larnaca where prime property is being built but there isn't a building permit in place. As the government tackles the valuation of real estate, this will be addressed and developments could be placed on hiatus - even if just for a short time.

Although ensuring the Cypriot tax regime is correct is vital, more bad news for the property sector isn't what it needs at the moment. House sales have reached record lows and figures from the Department of Landlords and Surveys showed that in April, just 285 contracts were deposited at the Land Registry. This is the lowest figure on record.
Article by +https://plus.google.com/113107350172679406191?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Lawmakers urge Cypriot government to reconsider property tax        
Lawmakers are urging the Cypriot government to reconsider the bill that increases annual immovable property tax (IPT). They claim the document, which was part of the island's bailout, should be amended to increase fairness.

Landowners, property developers and hoteliers have come out in objection of the tax hike, which is based on 1980 values. While the consumer price index will be applied to property prices to make them more reflective of current times and tax rates for the value bands will be adjusted, they maintain the bill is unconstitutional and will drive the economy into deeper recession.

For those considering buying immovable real estate in Cyprus , they will have to take the value of property in 1980 and times that number by 3.5. The first €150,000 (£121,855) is tax-free, but after this cut off point, a coefficient of €150,001 to €500,000 (£406,184) will be taxed €6 (£4.8) per thousand, a €500,001- €1,000,000 (£812,368) coefficient of €8 (£6.50) per thousand, €1,000,001 and above coefficient of €10 (£8.12) per thousand.

Data from the Inland Revenue department revealed that 44,000 people will now have to pay IPT under the new regime and the state is expected to collect an additional €18.9 million (£15.3 million) from 1,450 people whose property is worth over €1 million (£812,000 approx).

Averof Neophytou, DISY deputy chairman, is among those asking the government to find an alternative solution, claiming the tax will hit middle income families. "If there is a will, we can find fairer solutions,” he said. "A middle class family who owned property worth €300,000 (£243,710) by 1980 prices paid €375 (£304.64) up until 2011; today they would have to pay €6,450 (£523,09). We are talking about 17 times more taxes."

However, with property prices reaching an all time low in Cyprus, those considering investing in real estate in the country still have plenty of stock to choose from which won't fall under the tax. The Global Property Guide reported that at the end of 2011, house prices in the country had fallen to 14.5 per cent below their Q3 2008 peak, according to the Central Bank of Cyprus.
Article by +https://plus.google.com/113107350172679406191?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Cyprus prepares immovable property tax reform        
Cyprus is in the process of preparing a bill that will reform immovable property taxation, creating approximately €29 million extra for the government each year.

The proposals have already been submitted to parliament and will lower the tax-free value of immovable property from €120,000 to €40,000.

According to the finance ministry, it is a "paradox and an anachronism" that a European Union member state still calculates property tax value using standards from the 1980s. They claim this has led to a massive loss in revenue and inequality between property owners.

A quick and effective solution to the problem is now being viewed as paramount to bringing fairness to the property sector.

This change will be even more vital as real estate in Cyprus continues to increase in value. Those looking to buy property in Famagusta can already enjoy the benefits of the ten-fold increase in house prices experienced between 1980 and 2010, while property value in Larnaca has risen nine-fold, according to the Cyprus Mail. This means more will be affected by the immovable property tax reform.
Article by +https://plus.google.com/113107350172679406191?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          CYAN in Egypt, finally!        
What a warm thrill it is to have a pretty good net connection to read all the emails, FB messages, and Blog comments realizing that so many folks at home and abroad were thinking about us...I keep getting misty eyed!

We are doing very well now, and reached Egypt after the improvished Sudan but still 120 miles to go north before we can leave our boat at a marina in Hurghada and see the ancient sights in Egypt...and PLAY as our reward for all this past stress. Ahhh, hotels!

We had to stop just south of our goal in Hurgada, Egypt because the wind always comes head on from the north and it just got too strong to go forward into it So on Sunday, 9 boats all pulled into a resort marina in Port Ghalib [25 deg 32 min N, 34 deg 38min E]....cheap but no laundry or food shopping but they have a TGIFridays!!! I haven't gone out to dinner in months, it seems....Yemem didn't count...it was just sustenance!

Plenty of water here to wash 3 months of dirt and salt off the boat...unbelievable grunge!!

This resort here is empty due to the revolution and unrest here...or whatever happened in Egypt...we aren't sure but we think it's over now. When we do get to travel it should be uncrowded and cheaper. We expect to go thru the Suez Canal in about a month then revel in our sailing in the Med and seeing old friends in Turkey who came thru last year.

We expect todock in Cyprus in the fall [but things can change] where a new marina gave us a super cheap deal to leave the boat over next winter. We can easily fly to Lebanon and Israel during cold weather. But before that, during this coming summer, we plan to sail in Turkey and maybe to Croatia where we hear it's beautiful and not too expensive.

We may sell the boat in the Med...maybe a 25% chance if there is interest...but will probably sail to US in one year from this December as soon as hurricane season is over. All depends on how expensive Europe is and if we are still doing well.

This whole ordeal was the most severe thing we have ever done and it's such a relief to have it over and get back to normal life...or what goes for normal for us. You all will never know how much these thoughts meant to us during the trying times we have had.

We still pray for the family in captivity in Somalia from Denmark and for the relatives of our friends on Quest.

          Euro 2016 Qualifying Upsets         
Upset wins (10+ FIFA ranking difference) in UEFA EURO 2016 Qualifying games between September 7-9

Format:
FIFA Ranking Difference
Score - Nation (Current FIFA Ranking)
Score - Nation (Current FIFA Ranking)


121
2 - Cyprus (140)
1 - Bosnia/Herzegovina (19)

61
2 - Northern Ireland (95)
1 - Hungary (34)

59
1 - Albania (70)
0 - Portugal (11)

54
1 - Estonia (93)
0 - Slovenia (39)

32
2 - Czech Republic (35)
1 - Netherlands (3)

23
1 - Slovakia (45)
0 - Ukraine (22)

14
1 - Romania (27)
0 - Greece (13)

14
3 - Iceland (46)
0 - Turkey (32)

          African Players with 10+ Goals in European Leagues - 2013/2014        
African players that scored 10 or more goals in top division European leagues in the 2013/2014 season.

Algeria
16 - El Arbi Hillel Soudani (Dinamo Zagreb: Croatia)

Angola
13 - Igor Vetokele (København: Denmark)

Cameroon
16 - Vincent Aboubakar (Lorient: France)
13 - Leandre Tawamba Kana (MFK Ružomberok: Slovakia)
11 - Mbilla Etame (Khazar Lankaran FK: Azerbaijan)
11 - Leonard Kweuke (Rizespor: Turkey)
10 - Maxim Choupo-Moting (Mainz: Germany)

Cape Verde Islands
11 - Garry Rodrigues (Levski Sofia: Bulgaria)
10 - Héldon (Sporting CP: Portugal)

Central African Republic
13 - Mouhamadou Habibou (KAA Gent: Belgium)

Comoros
15 - El Fardou Ben Nabouhane (Veria: Greece)

Congo
14 - Francis Litsingi (FK Teplice: Czech Republic)
10 - Prince Oniangué (Reims: France)

Côte d'Ivoire
20 - Yaya Touré (Manchester City: England)
18 - Seydou Doumbia (CSKA Moscow: Russia)
17 - Wilfried Bony (Swansea City: England)
16 - Salomon Kalou (Lille: France)
15 - Serge Deblé (FC Shirak: Armenia)
12 - Yannick Boli (Zorya Luhansk: Ukraine)
10 - Didier Drogba (Galatasaray: Turkey)

DR Congo
13 - Dieumerci Mbokani (Dynamo Kyiv: Ukraine)

Gabon
13 - Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Borussia Dortmund: Germany)

Gambia
11 - Demba Savage (HJK: Finland)

Ghana
10 - David Accam (Helsingborg: Sweden)

Madagascar
10 - Anicet Andrianantenaina (FK Botev Plovdiv: Bulgaria)

Mali
12 - Cheick Diabaté (Bordeaux: France)
11 - Mustapha Yatabaré (Guingamp: France)

Morocco
17 - Aatif Chahechouhe (Sivasspor: Turkey)
15 - Abderrazak Hamdallah (Aalesund: Norway)
13 - Omar Er Rafik (Differdange: Luxembourg)
12 - Youssef El-Arabi (Granada: Morocco)

Nigeria
15 - Stanley Ohawuchi (Sliema: Malta)
14 - Ikechukwu Uche (Villarreal: Spain)
14 - Kennedy Igboananike (AIK: Sweden)
13 - Marco Tagbajumi (Ermis FC: Cyprus)
12 - Emmanuel Emenike (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
11 - Alfred Effiong (Qormi: Malta)
11 - Obinna Obiefule (Hibernians: Malta)
11 - Abiola Dauda (Crvena Zvezda: Serbia)
10 - Imoh Ezekiel (Standard Liege: Belgium)
10 - Sylvester Igboun (Midtjylland: Denmark)
10 - Adeshina Lawal (B36 Tórshavn: Faroe Islands)
10 - Shola Shodiya (Birkirkara: Malta)
10 - Leke James (Aalesund: Norway)

Senegal
15 - Moussa Sow (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
13 - Sadio Mané (FC Red Bull Salzburg: Austria)
13 - Dame N'Doye (Lokomotiv Moscow: Russia)
12 - Baye Omar Niasse (Akhisar Belediyespor: Turkey)
10 - Ibrahim Sidibé (Debrecen: Hungary)
10 - Malek Mane (Sogndal: Norway)
10 - Lamine Diarra (Antalyaspor: Turkey)

Togo
11 - Emmanuel Adebayor (Tottenham Hotspur: England)

Tunisia
17 - Hamdi Harbaoui (KSC Lokeren: Belgium)


Stats from European 'Summer' leagues in Scandinavia and elsewhere are from the completed 2013 season.

          What kind of Wine is Amarone?        

 TAGS:undefined

 

Amarone della Valpolicella it’s a very particular wine, made from raisins, previously dried in the sun, as is done with the variety Pedro Ximénez to get the sweet wine of the same name. For this wine, and contrary to what is usually done in most raisin wines, local red varieties are used first instead of white, and secondly, the result would be dry wine with different organoleptic characteristics.

Its color is dark red, which tends to garnet as the wine ages. It has an accentuated odor, a full, warm and velvety flavor and a touch of ripe fruit, cherry and raspberry as its aroma

As they age, you can also identify some moss and tar aromas. The residual sugars are of a maximum of 12 g/l, whereas the alcoholic graduation oscillates between 14 and 16 degrees. The production area is located in the province of Verona, in the Veneto region of northern Italy, and the varieties normally used are corvina veronese, corvinone and rondinella, with a limited presence of other red varieties.

The particular elaboration of the Amarone follows the same principle as that of other wines in which the concentration of sugar is raised and the aromas and acidity are enhanced, as in the German Eiswein or Strohwein, The French Vin de Paille, and other wines from Greece, Cyprus or Italy, almost always paired with desserts.

Amarone, on the other hand, is usually combined with autumn and winter dishes, such as roasts, meat, cheese, risottos and other typical dishes of the region, and it can also be drunk alone as the culmination of a good dinner. It is served in a large glass, to favor its oxygenation at a temperature of 18 to 20 ºC.

The process of drying the grapes takes about 120 days or more, according to the water content of the fruit, under a strict control of ventilation and humidity, to avoid the appearance of fungi and take care of the correct drying when external climate changes as winter arrives. At the beginning of February, the grape is pressed and the skins macerated until 30-50 days, so that the sugars, as a result of the yeast, are gradually converted into alcohol, until reaching the degree determined for the Amarone. If the concentration of sugars remains above the marked, the resulting wine is renamed Recioto della Valpolicella, a sweet red wine that has different characteristics.

Do you want to try Valpolicella wines? We suggest an Amarone or a Reciotto:

 TAGS:Zenato Amarone Classico Della Valpolicella 2011Zenato Amarone Classico Della Valpolicella 2011

Zenato Amarone Classico Della Valpolicella 2011

 

 

 TAGS:Zenato Amarone Della Valpolicella 2011Zenato Amarone Della Valpolicella 2011

Zenato Amarone Della Valpolicella 2011

Read What kind of Wine is Amarone? in Uvinum's blog


          6 Pekerjaan Paling Enak di Dunia        
 Pekerjaan paling enak di dunia? Hmm, terdengar to be good to be true. Tapi ini true! Kebanyakan pekerjaan yang ada di list ini erat kaitannya dengan quality control. Cekidot ke-6 pekerjaan paling enak di dunia yang ada saat ini.

Pengurus Pulau "Surga"


6 Pekerjaan Paling Enak di Dunia: Pengurus Pulau ''Surga''

Seorang pria dari Petersfield, Inggris yang bernama Ben Southall (37 tahun) mengalahkan lebih dari 35.000 pelamar dari seluruh dunia untuk pekerjaan ini. Tau ga jobnya gan? Yaitu berenang, jalan-jalan di pulau "surga" ini, istirahat di Pulau Hamilton di Great Barrier Reef, Australia dan bikin artikel buat promosiin pulau ini. Gajinya? 1,11 Milyar selama 6 bulan. Gila lu Ndro!

Tes interview yang dialami oleh Ben untuk mendapatkan salah satu pekerjaan paling enak di dunia ini pertama-tama adalah dia harus tinggal 4 hari di pulau tadi. Ujian berikutnya adalah menyelam, makan-makan barbekyu sepuasanya, santai-santai di spa kualitas internasional.

Penguji Kasur Mewah


6 Pekerjaan Paling Enak di Dunia: Penguji Kasur Mewah

Mahasiswi dari Birmingham City University ini benar-benar beruntung. Bayangin gan, si doi dibayar cuma buat tidur. Roisin Madigan, 25 tahun, mendapatkan 1.000 poundsterling atau sekitar 20 juta rupiah per bulan hanya untuk tidur di atas kasur-kasur mewah buatan perusahaan kasur Simon Horn. Bisa dibilang tugasnya sangat santai. Roisin harus ada di atas kasur mulai jam 10 malam sampai jam 6 pagi (di showroom perusahaan Simon Horn) dan kemudian membuat review atas pengalaman tidurnya setiap hari.

Penguji Perosotan Air


6 Pekerjaan Paling Enak di Dunia: Penguji Perosotan Air

Salah satu pekerjaan paling enak di dunia lainnya yang pasti bakal bikin iri kita-kita. Tommy Linch, 33 tahun, adalah seorang pria yang sudah berkelana keliling dunia sejauh 27.000 mil lebih hanya untuk pekerjaannya ini. Ia bekerja untuk perusahaan First Choice. Tugasnya? Mengecek ketinggian, kecepatan, kuantitas air, pola pendaratan di kolam dan semua urusan keselamatan yang ada dalam wahana perosotan air.

Si doi udah ngecek berbagai perosotan di negara Lanzarote, Majorca, Mesir, Turki, Costa Del Sol, Cyprus, Algarve, Dominika dan Meksiko, Yunani, Turki, Florida, Jamaika, Ibiza dan banyak negara lainnya.

Penguji Minuman Anggur


6 Pekerjaan Paling Enak di Dunia: Penguji Minuman Anggur

Buat yang hobi anggur, salah satu pekerjaan paling enak di dunia ini memang tiada duanya. Bayangkan, agan-agan dikelilingi 450 orang pembuat anggur profesional! Fasilitas yang agan-agan bakal dapat tentunya tempat tinggal, internet dan mengetahui seluk beluk pembuatan anggur dari A sampai Z. Gajinya? 10 juta-an per bulan. Pekerjaan ini didapat oleh Hardy Wallace dari Atlanta. Interviewnya yang dialami si doi terbilang sederhana. Yaitu bikin video dan upload ke Youtube. Isi videonya adalah menjelaskan bahwa agan adalah adalah orang yang paling tepat untuk job ini.

Penguji Rasa Permen


6 Pekerjaan Paling Enak di Dunia: Penguji Rasa Permen

Harry Willsher, 15 tahun adalah seorang kepala quality control di perusahaan permen. Jobnya sangat sederhana, dia hanya mencoba berbagai permen sebelum dijual. Ia mendapat pekerjaan ini setelah memenangkan kontes oleh Swizzell's Matlow. Para penguji kontes ini terkagum-kagum karena kemampuannya untuk menggambarkan rasa dan bau dari permen favoritnya, Drumstick Lolly.

Pengendara Sepeda untuk Google Maps


6 Pekerjaan Paling Enak di Dunia: Pengendara Sepeda untuk Google Maps

Dua orang pemuda ini benar-benar beruntung. Mereka berdua hanya disuruh muter-muter dengan sepeda khusus yang disediakan Google untuk menangkap pencitraan 3D untuk Google Maps dan kemudian dibayar!

Sebenarnya ada 10 pekerjaan paling enak di dunia berdasarkan sumbernya. Tapi ane gak masukin, karena kerjaannya berbau erotis.

Sumber: _http://www.gamexeon.com/forum/berita-lain-lain/63234-10-pekerjaan-terenak-dunia.html_

          Stoicism        
Stoicism Stoicism originated as a Hellenistic philosophy, founded in Athens by Zeno of Citium (modern day Cyprus), c. 300 B.C.E. It was influenced by Socrates and the Cynics, and it engaged in vigorous debates with the Skeptics, the Academics, and the Epicureans. The name comes from the Stoa Poikile, or painted porch, an open market in … Continue reading Stoicism
          Ù…س        

    مس

مقدمه: 􀂙

شناسایی شده است. Chalkos این فلز در زبان یونانی به نام 􀁺

Cyprus نامیده می شود زیرا بخش اعظم آن در Cyprium( مس در زبان رومی( لاتین 􀁺

Copper ساده شده و به واژه انگلیسی Cuprum استخراج شده است . این اصطلاح به صورت

تغییر نموده است.

مس یک عنصر فلزی با قابلیت انعطاف (چکش خواری)، شکل پذیر، به رنگ قهو های متمایل به

قرمز، دارای جلای فلزی ، مقاوم در برابر خوردگی و دیا مغناطیس است.تنها فلزی است آه

به صورت خالص به مقدار زیاد در تود ههای بزرگ یافت م یشود و رسانای الکتریکی و

حرارتی خوبی می باشد.

این فلز به عنوان یکی از مهمترین و مفیدترین فلزات است و می تواند تشکیل آلیاژ دهد.

 

مس
مقدمه: 􀂙
شناسایی شده است. Chalkos این فلز در زبان یونانی به نام 􀁺
Cyprus نامیده می شود زیرا بخش اعظم آن در Cyprium( مس در زبان رومی( لاتین 􀁺
Copper ساده شده و به واژه انگلیسی Cuprum استخراج شده است . این اصطلاح به صورت
تغییر نموده است.
• مس یک عنصر فلزی با قابلیت انعطاف (چکش خواری)، شکل پذیر، به رنگ قهو های متمایل به
قرمز، دارای جلای فلزی ، مقاوم در برابر خوردگی و دیا مغناطیس است.تنها فلزی است آه
به صورت خالص به مقدار زیاد در تود ههای بزرگ یافت م یشود و رسانای الکتریکی و
حرارتی خوبی می باشد.
این فلز به عنوان یکی از مهمترین و مفیدترین فلزات است و می تواند تشکیل آلیاژ دهد.
و با نسبت آوچکتری تشکیل برنز را م یدهد. bell Metal - مس با قلع مخلوط می شود و تشکیل
و آلیاژهای دیگر را م یدهد. این فلز Pinchbeck ، - مس با روی مخلوط شده و تشکیل آلیاژ برنج
می تواند به علت قابلیت انعطاف پذیری به صورت ورقه ای، سیم و لول های درآید.
به غیر طلا، مس یا فلز قرمز، تنها عنصر فلزی است آه دارای رنگی غیر از تن خاآستری می باشد.
این عنصر قدمتی به طول تاریخ بشر دارد. مس همواره یکی از مهمترین مواد بوده و امروزه یکی از
پرآارترین فلز غیرآهنی سنگین می باشد. مس خالص بدلیل ویژگیهای فیزیکی و شیمیایی و بخصوص
رسانایی الکتریکی و دمای ( آه تنها نقره از آهن رساناتر است )، چکش خواری بالا و در نتیجه قابلیت
بالای آار بر روی آن و مقاومت در برابر خوردگی ( رفتار شیمیایی آه آنرا به فلز نیمه نجیب تبدیل
می آند) آاربرد وسیعی دارد.
آلیاژهای متداول مس، بخصوص برنج و برنز از اهمیت آار بردی بالایی برخوردارند. آانه
های ترآیبات مس با رنگهای روشن، بخصوص قرمز، سبز و آبی مشخص می شوند. مس موجود در
خاک عنصر ردیاب ضروری جهت بسیاری از مخلوقات منجمله انسان است
برخی خواص فیزیکی ، شیمیایی ، ژئوشیمیایی و ... عنصر مس : 􀂙
Atomic Number: 29
Group: 11
Period: 4
Series: Transition Metals
Copper's Name in Other Languages
• Latin: Cuprum
• Czech: M d´
• Croatian: Bakar
• French: Cuivre
• German: Kupfer - e
• Italian: Rame
• Norwegian: Kobber
• Portuguese: Cobre
• Russian:
• Spanish: Cobre
• Swedish: Koppar
Atomic Structure of Copper
• Atomic Radius: 1.57Å
• Atomic Volume: 7.1cm3/mol
• Covalent Radius: 1.17Å
• Cross Section: 3.8barns ±0.1
• Crystal Structure: Cubic face centered
• Electron Configuration:
1s2 2s2p6 3s2p6d10 4s1
• Electrons per Energy Level: 2,8,18,1
Shell Model
• Ionic Radius: 0.73Å
• Filling Orbital: 3d 10
• Number of Electrons (with no charge): 29
• Number of Neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 35
• Number of Protons: 29
• Oxidation States: 2,1
• Valance Electrons: 3d 10 4s 1
Chemical Properties of Copper
• Electrochemical Equivalent: 1.1855g/amp-hr
• Electron Work Function: 4.65eV
• Electronegativity (Pauling): 1.9
• Heat of Fusion: 13.05kJ/mol
• Incompatiblities:
Oxidizers, alkalis, sodium azide, acetylene
• Ionization Potential
First: 7.726
Second: 20.292
Third: 36.83
• Valance Electron Potential (-eV): 34
Physical Properties of Copper
• Atomic Mass Average: 63.546
• Boiling Point: 2840K 2567°C 4653°F
• Coefficient of lineal thermal expansion:
0.0000166cm/cm/°C (0°C)
• Conductivity
Electrical: 0.596 106/cm
Thermal: 4.01 W/cmK
• Density: 8.96g/cc @ 300K
• Description:
Reddish orange transition metal.
• Elastic Modulus:
Bulk: 140/GPa
Rigidity: 48/GPa
Youngs: 130/GPa
• Enthalpy of Atomization: 338.9 kJ/mole @ 25°C
• Enthalpy of Fusion: 13.01 kJ/mole
• Enthalpy of Vaporization: 304.6 kJ/mole
• Flammablity Class: Non-combustible solid (except as dust)
• Freezing Point: see melting point
• Hardness Scale
Brinell: 874 MN m-2
Mohs: 3
Vickers: 369 MN m-2
• Heat of Vaporization: 300.3kJ/mol
• Melting Point: 1357.6K 1084.6°C 1984.3°F
• Molar Volume: 7.11 cm3/mole
• Optical Reflectivity: 90%
• Specific Heat: 0.38J/gK
• Vapor Pressure = 0.0505Pa@1084.6°C
• Pysical State (at 20°C & 1atm): Solid
Regulatory / Health
• CAS Number
7440-50-8
• RTECS: GL5325000
• NFPA 704
Health: 2
Fire:
Reactivity:
Special Hazard:
• OSHA Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
TWA: 1 mg/m3
• OSHA PEL Vacated 1989
TWA: 1 mg/m3
• NIOSH Recommended Exposure Limit (REL)
TWA: 1 mg/m3
IDLH: 100 mg/m3
• Routes of Exposure: Inhalation; Ingestion; Skin and/or eye contact
• Target Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, liver, kidneys (increase(d) risk with Wilson's
disease)
Who / Where / When / How
• Discoverer: Known to the ancients.
• Discovery Location: Unknown
• Discovery Year: known to the ancients
• Name Origin:
Latin: cyprium (island of Cyprus famed for its copper mines).
ژئوشیمی 􀂙
:
آانسارهای
مس غنی از
سولفید، نظیر
مس
پورفیری،
ماسیوسولفیدها
ی مس و رگه
های مس
گرمابی در
صورتی آه
در سطح
زمین رخنمون داشته باشند، آانیهای پیریت، آالکوپیریت و
بورنیت این آانسارها ضمن اآسیده شدن اآسیدهای آهن در زون اآسیدان بر جای مانده و زون غنی از
آهن را تشکیل می دهند. در صورت بالا بودن آهن، به آن آلاهک آهنی یا گوسان گفته می شود آه در
اآتشاف آانسارها راهنمای بسیار مناسبی است. چگونگی اآسیده شدن پیریت و آالکوپیریت بدین
صورت است:
Fes 2 + 7/2 O2 + 3 H2 O= FeO(OH) + 2H2 SO4aq + H+
aq
CuFeS2 + 4O2 +2 H2 O= FeO(OH)+ 2HSO-
4aq + H+
aq
آب می گردد. ph سولفید به سولفات اآسیده می شود و موجب آاهش
آب آمتر باشد به همان PH است. هر قدر PH غلظت مس محلول در اّب در زون اآسیدان تابع
- مقدار، غلظت مس در آب زیادتر خواهد بود. محدوده پایداری اآسیدها و سولفیدهای مس در شکل ٢٠
۶ ترسیم شده است.
Nickel - Copper - Zinc
Cu
Ag
Full table
General
Name, Symbol, Number Copper, Cu, 29
Chemical series transition metals
Group, Period, Block 11 , 4 , d
Density, Hardness 8920 kg/m3, 3.0
Appearance copper, metallic
Atomic properties
Atomic weight 63.536 amu
Atomic radius (calc.) 135 (145) pm
Covalent radius 138 pm
van der Waals radius 140 pm
Electron configuration [Ar]3d104s1
e- 's per energy level 2, 8, 18, 1
Oxidation states (Oxide) 2,1 (mildly basic)
Crystal structure Cubic, face-centered
Physical properties
State of matter solid (__)
Melting point 1357.6 K (1984.3 °F)
Boiling point 2840 K (4653 °F)
Molar volume 7.11 ×10-6 m3/mol
Heat of vaporization 300.3 kJ/mol
Heat of fusion 13.05 kJ/mol
Vapor pressure 0.0505 Pa at 1358 K
Speed of sound 3570 m/s at 293.15 K
Miscellaneous
Electronegativity 1.9 (Pauling scale)
Specific heat capacity 380 J/(kg*K)
Electrical conductivity 59.6 106/m ohm
Thermal conductivity 401 W/(m*K)
1st ionization potential 745.5 kJ/mol
2nd ionization potential 1957.9 kJ/mol
3rd ionization potential 3555 kJ/mol
4th ionization potential 5536 kJ/mol
Most stable isotopes
iso NA half-life DM DE MeV DP
63Cu 69.17% Cu is stable with 34 neutrons
64Cu {syn.} 12.7 h ε 1.675 64Ni
64Cu {syn.} 12.7 h β- 0.579 64Zn
65Cu 30.83% Cu is stable with 36 neutrons
مس از زون اآسیدان توسط آب های فرورو حمل و در زیر سطح آبهای زیر زمینی به دلیل آاهش
به صورت مس خالص و سولفید برجای گذاشته می شود . زون احیایی به دلیل افزایش عیار Eh در
اولیه به زون غنی شده نیز معروف است.
آانیهای مهمی آه در زون اآسیدان یافت می شود عبارتند از :
• اآسیدهای آهن و مقدار جزئی اآسیدهای مس،
• در صورت وجود سنگ آربناته، آانیهای مالاآیت و آزوریت در زون اآسیدان تشکیل
خواهند گردید .
• در صورت وجود آپاتیت، فیروزه در زون اآسیدان تشکیل می گردد.
• در صورت بالا بودن غلظت سیلیس در آب، سیلیکات مس در زون اآسیدان تشکیل می شود.
تعداد زیادی از آلیاژهای مس وجود دارند. برنج یک آلیاژ مس-روی است و برنز یک آلیاژ مس-
قلع است.
حالات اآسیداسیون معمولی مس شامل:
Cu+1 Cuprous حالت
Cu+2 Cupric حالت
آربنات مس سبز است و ناشی از ظهور منحصر به فرد گنبدهای پوششی مس در روی بیشتر
ایتریم) از بیشتر ابررساناهای غیر متعارف y و Ba, Cu مانند اآسید ) Cu ساختمانها است. اآسیدهای
شکل می گیرد.
وجود دارد آه همراه با ١٢ رادیو ایزوتوپ می باشند. Cu و 65 Cu ٢ ایزوتوپ پایدار مس 63
اآثریت ایزوتوپهای رادیواآتیو نیمه عمری در حد چند دقیقه یا آمتر دارند و بیشترین طول عمر
١٢ ساعت است آه با دوروش فروپاشی به ٢ محصول / است آه نیمه عمر آن ٧ Cu آن مربوط به 64
جداگانه سوق داده می شود.
خواص فیزیکی:
بیشتر ویژگیهای مس فلزی به درجه خلوص و منبع فلز بستگی دارد. تنوع خواص این عنصر
بدلایل زیر است:
- عیار مس، بعبارت دیگر میزان اآسیژن: فیر سخت، مس دی اآسید، مس عاری از اآسیژن
- میزان ناخالصی های طبیعی (بعنوان مثال آرسنیک ) و یا باقیمانده مواد افزوده (بعنوان مثال
فسفرها) آه در مرز دانه ها محلول جامد یا فازهای مجزا تشکیل داده است.
- پیش تصفیه مکانیکی و گرمایی فلز آه منجر به حالتهایی مانند مس ریخته گری، مس لوله ای
داغف مس سخت، مس قالب گیری (نرم) و مس تف جوش می شود.
بدلیل تفاوت در شبکه بلورین نیز ویژگیهای مس تغییر می آند. دو گروه از خواص قابل تشخیص
هستند:
- ویژگیهایی آه وابسته آمی به شبکه بلوری دارند، بعنوان مثال خواص گرمایی و ترمودینامیکی،
رفتارهای مغناطیسی و خواص اتمی.
- ویژگیهایی آه وابستگی زیادی به شبکه بلوری دارند، بعنوان مثال رسانایی الکتریکی و دماییف
رفتار پلاستیک، پدیده جنبشی و مقاومت در برابر خوردگی.
تنوع در خواص ممکن است به سبب عدم تکامل فیزیکی شبکه (نابجایی، خلاء شبکه ای و اتمهای
روزانه ای) و یا بدلیل عدم تکامل شیمیایی (محلول جامد جایگزینی) رخ دهد.
خواص اتمی و هسته ای:
۶٨/٩۴) 63cu ۶٣ است. مس از دو ایزوتوپ طبیعی / عدد اتمی مس ٢٩ و جرم اتمی آن ۵۴۶
٣١ درصد) تشکیل یافته است. /٠۶) 65cu درصد) و
٩ ایزوتوپ سنتزی دیگر نیز وجود دارند آه دارای جرمهای اتمی بین ۵٩ و ۶٨ می باشند و در
۵٨ ساعت). / بین آنها مس ۶٧ ، بیشترین نیمه عمر را دارا می باشد ( ۵
ساختمان بلوری:
در فشارهای متوسط، مس از دماهای پایین شروع به تبلور آرده و تا رسیدن به نقطه ذوب، تبلور
دارای ( Cu یا FI یا ) A نوع 1 (CCP) ادامه می یابد. شبکه بلوری بسته ترین بسته های آوبیک
عدد آئوردیناسیون ١٢ است.
٨/ چگال تئوریک مس در ٢٠ درجه سانتی گراد، بر اساس ثبات شبکه و جرم اتمی محاسبه شده، ٩٣
آمیسیون ) IEC گرم بر سانتی متر مکعب است. در استاندارد بین المللی آه در سال ١٩١٣ توسط
٨ گرم بر سانتی متر مکعب فرض شده / الکتروشیمی بین المللی ) وضع شدهف چگالی مس ٨٩
است.
٨ می باشد. /٩۶ g/cm ٩٩ % دارای چگالی 3 / مس با درجه خلوص ٩٩٩
چگالی مس تجاری به ترآیب آن و بخصوص میزان اآسیژن آن، پیش تصفیه مکانیکی و گرمایی و
به دمای آن بستگی دارد.
– Ù¨/٩٣ g/cm Ø

          ì•„프로디테의 섬, 사이프러스의 매력        
아프로디테의 섬, 사이프러스의 매력 속으로 미의 여신 아프로디테의 탄생 신화가 깃들어 있는 섬, 지중해에서 세 번째로 큰 섬으로 주변 강대국에게 수많은 침략을 당해 독특한 문화를 형성한 지역, 지구상에서 우리나라와 함께 분단국가로 남아있는 나라. 이곳은 어디일까요? 바로 사이프러스(Cyprus)공화국입니다. 그리스어로는 키프로스, 터키어로는 크브르스, 영어로는 사이프러스라고 불리며, 지중해 동부 그리스 동쪽 터키 아래쪽에 위치한 섬나라로 일조량이 많고 온화한 […]
          Expedia Summer Travel Report 2015        

Indians want to explore Central & South America this summer 

 

About the survey:Expedia, one of the world’s largest online travel agency, today released the Summer Trend Report 2015, an analysis of vacation destinations and travel preferences across multiple cities in India. The survey was conducted with 520 across Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Pune and Hyderabad. The survey highlights that Indian travellers are taking fancy towards more unexplored destinations like Finland, Norway, Cyprus, Latvia, Romania and Argentina.

 

read more


          Musa Bin Nushair Sang Panglima Penakluk Cyprus        
Dialah Musa bin Nushair yang lahir tahun 19 Hijriyah seorang panglima yang disegani, ahli siasat dan lelaki yang bertekad bulat. Beliaulah yang memimpin armada laut kaum muslimin di zaman Mu’awiyah tahun 27 hijriyah untuk menaklukkan Cyprus, dan setelah berhasil menguasainya, beliau membangun berbagai benteng pertahanan di dalamnya.


Al Baghawi menceritakan bahwa Musa menjabat sebagai wali (gubernur) wilayah Afrika pada tahun 79 H, dan berhasil menaklukkan kota-kota dan daerah yang sangat banyak di sana. Beliau juga lah yang berhasil menaklukkan negeri Andalusia, sebuah negeri di wilayah Spanyol yang memiliki banyak kota, desa dan perkebunan. Seiring dengan masuknya Andalusia ke pangkuan Islam, beliau menawan sejumlah besar musuh, dan mendapat ghanimah yang tak terhitung banyaknya, dari emas dan permata yang tak ternilai.


Adapun alat-alat, perkakas dan hewan ternak, sungguh di luar logika… demikian pula dengan anak-anak dan wanita cantik yang jatuh sebagai tawanan, demikian banyak jumlahnya. Belum pernah sejarah mencatat kaum muslimin mendapat tawanan yang demikian banyaknya.


Selain penakluk, Musa juga seorang da’i ulung. Berkat jasanyalah penduduk Maghrib (Afrika Utara) masuk Islam. Beliau juga mengajari mereka tentang Al Qur’an. Konon tiap kali pasukannya bergerak, mereka membawa ghanimah di atas punggung sapi, saking banyaknya dan tidak mampu lagi diangkat oleh kendaraan.


Selama penaklukannya, Musa tergolong panglima yang bernasib baik. Konon dikisahkan bahwa tatkala menaklukkan Andalusia, ada seseorang yang berkata kepadanya: “Utuslah sejumlah pasukan bersamaku, niscaya akan kutunjukkan kepadamu harta karun yang agung”. Maka Musa mengutus sejumlah pasukan bersama orang tersebut ke suatu tempat. Sesampainya di sana, orang itu memerintahkan mereka agar menggali, maka mereka pun menggali hingga menemukan sebuah ruangan besar yang berisi permata, yakut, zabarjud yang membuat mereka terbelalak. Adapun emas maka tak bisa lagi diceritakan banyaknya…


Ibnu Asakir meriwayatkan bahwa ketika Musa berkunjung ke Damaskus, Umar bin Abdul Aziz bertanya kepadanya tentang kejadian paling ajaib yang pernah dialaminya selama berperang di lautan. Maka Musa mengisahkan sebagai berikut:


“Suatu ketika, kami sampai di sebuah pulau… di sana kami mendapati ada 16 buah kendi yang disegel dan dicap oleh Sulaiman bin Dawud ‘alaihis salam. Maka kuperintahkan agar mengambil empat dari padanya dan melubangi salah satunya. Maka muncullah sosok syaithan yang menepuk-nepuk kepalanya seraya berkata: “Demi Dzat yang mengutusmu dengan kebenaran, aku takkan berbuat kerusakan lagi di muka bumi”… kemudian syaithan tadi melihat-lihat dan berkata: “Mengapa aku tidak mendapati kemegahan Sulaiman dan kerajaannya?” lalu sesaat kemudian menghilang. Maka kuperintahkan agar ketiga kendi sisanya dikembalikan ke tempat semula” lanjut Musa.


Selain seorang panglima hebat, Musa bin Nushair juga seorang yang shalih dan penuh tawakkal kepada Allah. Ketika Afrika mengalami paceklik, beliau memerintahkan kaum muslimin untuk melakukan shalat istisqa’, yaitu pada tahun 93 h. Usai shalat, beliau keluar menemui orang-orang dan memisahkan antara yang muslim dan yang kafir dzimmi, demikian pula antara induk binatang dengan anaknya, lalu memerintahkan agar orang-orang meratap dan menangis keras, sembari ia terus berdoa kepada Allah hingga menjelang siang, baru kemudian turun dari mimbar… maka seseorang pun berkata: “Tidakkah engkau berdoa untuk Amirul Mukminin?”, maka jawab Musa: “Di tempat seperti ini, yang layak disebut hanyalah Allah Subhanahu wa ta’ala” maka Allah pun menurunkan hujan usai Musa mengucapkan kata-kata tersebut.


Di akhir pemerintahan Al Walid bin Abdil Malik, Musa berkunjung ke Damaskus, ibukota Daulah Bani Umayyah. Ia masuk ke sana pada hari Jum’at tatkala Walid sedang berkhutbah di atas mimbar. Saat itu Musa mengenakan pakaian yang indah dan tampil dengan sosok yang indah pula. Tatkala ia masuk mesjid, masuk pula bersamanya tiga puluh anak, putera para Raja yang berhasil ditawannya, beserta sejumlah orang Spanyol. Musa memakaikan mahkota di atas kepala mereka, yang diiringi dengan sejumlah dayang, khadam dan persiapan yang megah. Ketika Walid menyaksikan hal tersebut di tengah-tengah khutbahnya, ia pun diam tercengang… yaitu saat melihat pakaian sutera dan perhiasan permata yang dikenakan para putera Raja tersebut. Lalu datanglah Musa bin Nushair seraya mengucap salam kepada Walid, sedang ia tetap diatas mimbarnya. Lalu Musa memerintahkan mereka agar berdiri di kanan-kiri mimbar. Maka Walid pun menghaturkan puji syukur kepada Allah atas karunia dan pertolongan-Nya hingga memberinya kekuasaannya yang sedemikian luas… ia berdoa dengan panjang diselangi puji syukur hingga waktu jum’at pun berlalu. Maka ia turun dari mimbar dan shalat bersama kaum muslimin.


Usai shalat, ia memanggil Musa bin Nushair dan memberinya penghargaan besar dan harta yang melimpah, demikian pula Musa… ia datang dengan membawa harta yang melimpah pula, yang diantaranya ialah meja makan Nabi Sulaiman bin Dawud u. Konon di atas meja itulah Nabi Sulaiman makan… ia terbuat dari campuran emas dan perak yang bertatahkan tiga lapis mutiara dan permata… sesuatu yang tak pernah dilihat sebelumnya. Musa mendapatkan meja tersebut di kota Toledo, sebuah kota tua di Andalusia Spanyol.


Konon dikisahkan bahwa Musa pernah mengutus anaknya yang bernama Marwan dengan sejumlah pasukan hingga mereka berhasil menawan seratus ribu orang, lalu mengutus keponakannya dengan sejumlah pasukan lain dan berhasil menawan seratus ribu orang lagi dari suku Bar Bar. Maka ketika ia menulis surat laporannya kepada Khalifah Walid dan menyebutkan di sana bahwa seperlima dari ghanimahnya ialah 40 ribu orang tawanan, orang-orang berkomentar: “Bodoh sekali dia, bagaimana mungkin seperlimanya adalah 40 ribu orang?” lalu omongan itupun sampai kepada Musa, maka ia mengirimkan 40 ribu orang tawanan yang merupakan seperlima dari seluruh tawanannya… sungguh, belum pernah terdengar dalam sejarah Islam jumlah tawanan sebesar yang didapat Musa bin Nushair.


Selama penaklukan Andalusia, Musa banyak menyaksikan keajaiban. Ia mengatakan: “Andai saja orang-orang menurut kepadaku, niscaya akan kupimpin mereka untuk menaklukan kota Rumiya -yaitu kota terbesar di Eropa- hingga Allah menaklukkannya lewat tanganku insya Allah.


Dalam kunjungan lainnya kepada Khalifah Walid, Musa membawa bersamanya tiga puluh ribu orang tawanan, selain yang kita sebutkan tadi. Dan itu adalah ghanimah dari peperangan terakhirnya di wilayah Maghrib. Saat itu ia datang membawa harta, pusaka, mutiara dan permata yang tak terhingga dan tak terlukiskan.


Semenjak itu, Musa tetap tinggal di Damaskus hingga Walid wafat dan digantikan oleh Sulaiman bin Abdul Malik. Akan tetapi Sulaiman justeru mengkritik Musa dan memenjarakannya di Istana, sembari menuntut sejumlah besar harta darinya.


Musa tetap berada dalam tahanan Sulaiman hingga Sulaiman berangkat haji dengan orang-orang di tahun 98 H dan membawa Musa bersamanya. Maka Musa akhirnya wafat di Madinah, atau di Wadil Qura dalam usia mendekati 80 tahun. Ada pula yang mengatakan bahwa ia wafat di tahun berikutnya, wallaahu a’lam… semoga Allah merahmati dan memaafkannya dengan kasih sayang-Nya, Aamien.


Demikianlah ikhwati fillah, sekelumit tentang biografi Musa bin Nushair, Sang Penakluk Agung… semoga Allah memunculkan kembali orang-orang sepertinya dari generasi kita, dan mengembalikan kejayaan kaum muslimin di tangan mereka, Allahumma Aamien…


Sumber
          Villas in coral bay        

Villas in coral bay http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas/coral-bay-villas.html
          Holiday villas coral bay        

Holiday villas coral bay http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas/coral-bay-villas.html
          Coral bay villas to rent        

Coral bay villas to rent http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas/coral-bay-villas.html
          Villa coral bay        

Villa coral bay http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas/coral-bay-villas.html
          Protaras        

Welcome to Protaras http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/famagusta/protaras-villas.html
          Protaras villas for rent        

Protaras villas for rent http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/famagusta/protaras-villas.html
          Pernera villas        

Pernera villas http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/famagusta/protaras-villas.html
          Pernera villa        

Pernera villa http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/famagusta/protaras-villas.html
          Villas in pernera        

Villas in pernera http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/famagusta/protaras-villas.html
          Villas in paphos to rent        

We have 300+ villas in Paphos to rent http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas.html
          Villa in paphos        

Looking for a summer 2013 holiday - then find a villa in Paphos http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas.html
          Paphos villas        

Some of the most amazing Paphos villas http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas.html to be found here
          Paphos villas with pools        

Find the perfect Paphos villas with pools http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas.html
          Villas to rent in paphos        

Looking for villas to rent in Paphos - http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas.html then look no further!
          Coral bay villa        

This is an amazing Coral Bay Villa http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas/coral-bay-villas.html
          Coral bay paphos        

Welcome to this stunning villa in Coral Bay Paphos http://www.whlvillas.com/quick-search/country/villas-in-cyprus/paphos-villas/coral-bay-villas.html
          Comment on Kitesurf destinations by month – part 1 by Brightmen        
July Cabarete, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Mauritius, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, Leucate-France, The gorge-USA, Pirlanta-Turkey, Bol-Croatia, Foddini-Italy, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Guincho-Portugal, el yaque-venezuela, rhodes-greece, levkada-greece, dakhla - morocco, Corsica, paros-Greece, porto pollo-Sardinia, Lanzarote, El Gouna-Egypt, Safaga-Egypt, Sinai, eilat-Israel, Paramali-Cyprus, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru August Cabarete, El Gouna-Egypt, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Brazil, Mauritius, cape verde, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, The gorge-USA, Bol-Croatia, Pirlanta-Turkey, Foddini-Italy, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Guincho-Portugal, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Corsica, Rhodes-Greece, Paramali-Cyprus paros-Greece, Lanzarote, Safaga-Egypt, Eilat-Israel, Sinai, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru September El Gouna-Egypt, Tucus-Brazil, Mauritius, Pirlanta-Turkey, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Maui-USA, Madagascar, UK, Corsica, rosslare-Ireland, Canada, Germany, Israel, Sinai, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil October Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Sumbawa-indonesia, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Chile, Watergate-UK, Esbjerg-Denmark, rosslare-Ireland, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil November Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Namibia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Auckland-NZ, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Cumbuco Brazil December Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, cape town-South Africa La ventana-mexico, Namibia, Copal-Costa Rica, Mui Ne Bay-Vietnam, Auckland-NZ, Nashiro-Japan, Baja, New Caledonia, Boracay-philipines, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Monastir-Tunisia, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Yemen-Red Sea
          kateoplis: 2014 Sony World Photography Awards shortlist        

©Louise Porter


© Emmanuel Coupe-Kalomiris


Samantha Fortenberry


©Wolfgang Weinhardt


©Simon Morris


© Marcelo del Pozo


©Hasan BagÌlar/Cyprus


© Jan Stel


© Robert Frechette

kateoplis:

2014 Sony World Photography Awards shortlist


          New DNA Test        
I had another DNA test done in July 2013.  Some more interesting information about our ancient heritage. I always suspected Clifford Hullinger was part Neanderthal - now we know.



_________________

My general DNA information below is of course a 50 / 50 mix of Louise Liffengren Hullinger and Clifford Hullinger, so your DNA will be somewhat different.  Still, it give someone who is a Hullinger a little insight into their DNA.  They find that my DNA is most like a Finn - who knew?  Don't tell our Norwegian relatives. Of course we can blame some of this on the Hullinger side.  And since I am part Neanderthal, you likely are also.


_________________

WHO AM I?

We are all more than the sum of our parts, but the results below offer some of the most dramatic and fascinating information in your Geno 2.0 test. In this section, we display your affiliations with a set of nine world regions. This information is determined from your entire genome so we’re able to see both parents’ information, going back six generations. Your percentages reflect both recent influences and ancient genetic patterns in your DNA due to migrations as groups from different regions mixed over thousands of years. Your ancestors also mixed with ancient, now extinct hominid cousins like Neanderthals in Europe and the Middle East or the Denisovans in Asia. If you have a very mixed background, the pattern can get complicated quickly! Use the reference population matches below to help understand your particular result.  VIEW THE "WHO AM I" VIDEO

YOUR RESULTS

map

44%

NORTHERN EUROPEAN

This component of your ancestry is found at highest frequency in northern European populations—people from the UK, Denmark, Finland, Russia and Germany in our reference populations. While not limited to these groups, it is found at lower frequencies throughout the rest of Europe. This component is likely the signal of the earliest hunter-gatherer inhabitants of Europe, who were the last to make the transition to agriculture as it moved in from the Middle East during the Neolithic period around 8,000 years ago.
Note: In some cases regional percentages may not total 100%.

WHAT YOUR RESULTS MEAN

Modern day indigenous populations around the world carry particular blends of these regions. We compared your DNA results to the reference populations we currently have in our database and estimated which of these were most similar to you in terms of the genetic markers you carry. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you belong to these groups or are directly from these regions, but that these groups were a similar genetic match and can be used as a guide to help determine why you have a certain result. Remember, this is a mixture of both recent (past six generations) and ancient patterns established over thousands of years, so you may see surprising regional percentages. Read each of the population descriptions below to better interpret your particular result.

YOUR FIRST REFERENCE POPULATION: FINNISH

This reference population is based on samples collected from people native to Finland. The dominant 57% Northern European component likely reflects the earliest settlers in Europe, hunter-gatherers who arrived there more than 35,000 years ago. The 17% Mediterranean and 17% Southwest Asian percentages arrived later, with the spread of agriculture from the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East, over the past 10,000 years. As these early farmers moved into Europe, they spread their genetic patterns as well. Today, northern European populations retain the links to both earliest Europeans and these later migrants from the Middle East. The 7% Northeast Asian component reflects mixing with native Siberian populations, particularly the reindeer-herding Saami people of far northern Scandinavia.

FINNISH

  • NORTHERN EUROPEAN

    57%

  • SOUTHWEST ASIAN

    17%

  • MEDITERRANEAN

    17%

  • NORTHEAST ASIAN

    7%

YOU

  • 44%

    NORTHERN EUROPEAN

  • 34%

    MEDITERRANEAN

  • 20%

    SOUTHWEST ASIAN

YOUR SECOND REFERENCE POPULATION: GREEK

This reference population is based on samples collected from the native population of Greece. The 54% Mediterranean and 17% Southwest Asian percentages reflect the strong influence of agriculturalists from the Fertile Crescent in the Middle East, who arrived here more than 8,000 years ago. The 28% Northern European component likely comes from the pre-agricultural population of Europe—the earliest settlers, who arrived more than 35,000 years ago during the Upper Paleolithic period. Today, this component predominates in northern European populations, while the Mediterranean component is more common in southern Europe.

GREEK

  • MEDITERRANEAN

    54%

  • NORTHERN EUROPEAN

    28%

  • SOUTHWEST ASIAN

    17%

YOU

  • 44%

    NORTHERN EUROPEAN

  • 34%

    MEDITERRANEAN

  • 20%

    SOUTHWEST ASIAN


________________________________________________

Y Chromosome Information - passed from father to son. It is not clear how our ancestors got to Switzerland, although with more people getting the test and more research a detailed path may yet be found.


BRANCH: L26

AGE: TO BE DETERMINED

LOCATION OF ORIGIN: WEST ASIA

Today, the distribution and frequency of this lineage’s members echoes the origins of their ancestor. It is 10 to 11 percent of the male population of Tunisia. It is about 5 percent of modern Macedonian male lineages. It is 4 to 5 percent of the male population of Cyprus. It is 1 to 2 percent of male lineages in Switzerland. Geneticists have found this lineage at trace frequencies of less than 1 percent through most of Western and Central Europe.
Note: This branch is not accompanied by a major movement on the map, and research on this branch is continuing.

The map below shows the path and cocentrations of our male ancestors and their descendants.


______________________________

Craig Hullinger recently had a DNA test done with National Geographic. The graphic above shows that I am 1.8% Neanderthal - I always suspected it. His mother Louise Liffengren Hullinger is convinced that the Neanderthal could not have come from the Liffengren side of our family - it must be from the Hullingers.

My MtDNA Haplogroup - the DNA passed from mother to child - is H13ala.  All the women descended from Barbo Tronrud and their descendants and all of their maternal ancestors share this MtDNA Haplogroup.


The H MtDNA is the dominant Haplogroup in Europe. About 1/2 of European women are of this group.


The H13ala is a subgroup of H and is far more rare. About 3% of the maternal lineages in Norway are this Haplogroup. The map below shows the path that our maternal ancestors took when leaving from Africa and migrating to Europe.



BRANCH: H13

AGE: 17,500 ± 4,200 YEARS AGO

LOCATION OF ORIGIN: CENTRAL ASIA

Groups containing this lineage lived in the harsh climate of the Caucasus. From there, some have migrated to Europe and West Asia.
Today, this line is present at low frequency in both Asia and Europe, but its highest population frequency and diversity is present in the Caucasus. There, it is prominent in Dagestan (15 percent) and in Georgia (13.3 percent).
In West Asia, it is over 18 percent of some population groups in Iraq and about 13 percent of the population in United Arab Emirates.
In Europe, it is 3 to 4 percent of maternal lineages in Italy, 3 percent of maternal lineages in Norway, and about 2 percent of maternal lineages in Turkey.
Note: This branch is not accompanied by a major movement on the map, and research on this branch is continuing.





          Anastasia Beverly Hills Modern Renaissance Palette Swatches, Makeup Look, Review        



Anastasia Beverly Hills Modern Renaissance



Anastasia Beverly Hills Modern Renaissance


Anastasia Beverly Hills Modern Renaissance
Anastasia Beverly Hills Modern Renassaince











I purchased the  Anastasia Beverly Hills Modern Renaissance way back in November 2016, after all the hype and accolades it received on blogs and social media, and after I watched Stephanie Nicole on YouTube say that this was one of the best (if not the best) palettes of 2016 that she's tried. I didn't want to feel too skeptical about it, but I was.  

I was also hesitant to purchase it because I don't really use a lot of pinks, magentas and hues in that color family on my eyes. I prefer neutrals, bronzes and earth colors for my eye shadows.  However, I was definitely intrigued, so when the Sephora VIB sale rolled around, I quickly snagged this palette, and posted a look on my Instagram.  However, this is the first time that I am formally reviewing this palette.

The Modern Renaissance palette has fourteen shades (14 x .02 shadows) in neutral, rose, berry and plum tones.  It also comes with a double-sided brush.  The colors are very appropriate for fall, but are versatile enough to be worn year-round.

See swatches after the jump!

Swatches:


Tempera, Golden Ochre, Vermeer, Buon Fresco, Antique Bronze, Love Letter, Cyprus Umber

Raw Sienna , Burnt Orange, Primavera, Red Ochre, Venetian Red, Warm Taupe, Realgar


Tempera, Golden Ochre, Vermeer, Buon Fresco, Antique Bronze, Love Letter, Cyprus Umber


Tempera, Golden Ochre, Vermeer, Buon Fresco, Antique Bronze, Love Letter, Cyprus Umber



Raw Sienna , Burnt Orange, Primavera, Red Ochre, Venetian Red, Warm Taupe, Realgar


Burnt Orange, Primavera, Red Ochre, Venetian Red, Warm Taupe, Realgar



Primavera, Red Ochre, Venetian Red, Warm Taupe, Realgar


My favorites are Vermeer, described as an iridescent shell with a metallic finish. This is great as a center of the lid color. I also like Buon Fresco, described as an antique lavender with an ultra-matte finish, Antique Bronze (metallic sable with a satin finish), Venetian Red (crimson with an ultra-matte finish), and Warm Taupe (earthy gray with an ultra-matte finish).  Realgar (brick with an ultra-matte finish) is also an amazing shade.


In the photo above, I was wearing Vermeer and Primavera on the lid, Buon Fresco, Antique Bronze on the crease, and Cyprus Umber on the outer lid.

I gotta say, the formulation is divine.  The shades glide amazingly well on the lids, like butter, and I was surprised that I didn't see a lot of fall-out, which is customary and an unfortunate side effect of eye shadows that are this creamy.  The eye shadows are quite pigmented and are just a dream to apply.

For $42 a pop, the Anastasia Beverly Hills Modern Renaissance  palette  is well worth every penny, especially if you are into berries, bronzes and lavender.

(Product mentioned was purchased by me.  This post contains affiliate links.)



          The "Nature Watchdogs" keeping Cyprus' wildlife safe        

The Larnaca Salt Lakes are actually a complex of four water bodies that lie to the south of Larnaca, an ancient city renowned for its large numbers of sarcophagi (stone coffins) and its picturesque seafront. “It’s one of the two most important wetlands of Cyprus,” says Ioanna, “and also a landmark for my home town.” The city draws large numbers of tourists, many of whom visit the lakes to enjoy the spectacular views, cultural sites and to see the vast flocks of flamingos that overwinter there. In winter and spring the lakes are an important congregation site for many species of migratory birds on the Mediterranean flyway, including Common Crane Grus grus and Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola. For this reason the lakes enjoy several layers of classification and protection, as a Ramsar Wetland of International Importance, an IBA and a Natura 2000 site.


          Comment on Visa to Georgia for Filipinos plus how I delayed an airline’s flight to Tbilisi by Johndy        
I feel you. Just to share, in Doha we were not allowed to board a flight to The Northern Republic of Cyprus since most of the Pinoys on the transfer desk were claiming that Philippine passport do require a visa in that part of the world (TNRC). Obviously they do not know that we (PH passport holders) do not need a visa to go there. We missed our flight. We waited for more than 24 hours in Doha airport after they realized that visa is really not needed. We were allowed to fly only after buying another ticket (flypegasus via Istanbul) we did not argue on why we need another ticket, we simply want to board the flight. We landed in TNRC and true enough, the immigration officer did not ask anything and were granted a 90 days stay and we enjoyed that Turkish part of Cyprus for couple of days.
          Comment on Amman Summer Night – Marwan Khoury & Hani Mitwasi by Wasim Zayed        
I want to buy two tickets Class A, Can i make the reservation and buy the tickets online? I live in Cyprus.
          More on the currency choices facing an independent Scotland        
John Kay works through the short list of options about money that a newly independent Scotland would need to decide about: Speculation about Scotland’s currency future would begin on the day Scotland voted for independence — or the day on which a poll showed that this result was likely. Scotland would have three main options […]
          Petrolina AEK Larnaca adds BIBL MVP Shane Gibson        
The guard moves to Cyprus
          We are all White South Africans now        
I’ve been puzzling over what it is in my life that makes me so convinced that a peaceful global confederacy will eventually emerge on our sad little planet, and I suspect I’ve got it. I hope it clarifies it for the rest of you as well. One can only hope:-)Lots of personal history here, so bear with me or tune out, now.

I was born in ireland in the 60’s, and grew up there in the 70’s when the "troubles" in the North threatened to spill over into the South (there were bombings in Dublin in the 70’s). The British reacted badly to the initial civil rights demonstrations. There was a seminal event called "Bloody Sunday" in which 13 or so unarmed civilians where killed by British security forces. This unleashed a wave of attacks in Britain, and there was the possibility of irrational action on both sides. In the late 60’s Ireland nearly invaded the North, because of abuse of the catholic minority!!

However, cooler heads prevailed in the both the republic and the UK, and these doomsday scenarios never materialised. The UK eventually recognised the grievances of the catholic minority in the north, and has made moderate efforts to address them in the intervening 30 years. That experience gave me an idea of what it feels like to live in a small, weak country menaced by a large, powerful country.

Happily the large country did the right thing for (almost) everybody, despite extreme national provocation, and both the UK and Ireland are doing well, and even the North is finally finding it’s feet too.

Then when I was about 12, I moved to South Africa. I was pitched from being a minority on the receiving end of bad behaviour, to a minority dishing it out. Of course I had no idea about this stuff at the time, and was blissfully unaware of a problem until my late teens. Nonetheless, I was conscripted (willingly) into the South African Defense Force to fight communism, and the henchmen of the convicted terrorist guy, Nelson Mandela.

I spent an uneventful two years in the SADF, and was pretty relieved to get out. After a year in the private sector, I left South Africa in 1987.So I had two weird alternate experiences, first as the "oppressed" class, and later as the "oppressor" class. So I have (I think) a unique ability to see the situation from both sides.

In both cases, cooler heads prevailed, and what could have been dreadful bloodbaths, have with occasional faltering missteps, progressed forward. Lets face it, the white minority in South Africa had very little compelling reasons to share power. It was a courageous, moral and radical move, and at a time when there was hardly a single example of a successful democracy in the whole of Africa. However, it would have come to bloodshed in the long term if they had not, because 20% of the population cannot keep 80% suppressed indefinitely.

So when Al-Quaida (or Osama) says america is the great Satan, and the epitome of evil, I know it’s bull. I’m inoculated by my Irish experience. When Bush talks about the evildoers and how they hate freedom. I know that is bull too, because I’m inoculated by my South African experience. When people claim that the idea of a fairer world, where disputes are negotiated, is a utopian pipe dream, I can point to both the South African and the Irish experience. Neither is perfect, but both are demonstrably fairer societies against all the odds.

Not to the mention the process that every nation state in the world has been through on the road to national unity. Plus, finally, we have the example of the EU. Vilified from within, and without, and yet no one has ever left, and many countries are actively implementing EU legislation, for a shot at joining!

While the US is blowing up stuff in Iraq, and threatening to blow stuff up in Iran, what has the EU been doing? Mediating the Cyprus dispute, reintegrating the Balkans into a stable political framework, resolving terrorists disputes like the IRA and Basque in Spain. Forcing Turkey to threat their kurds with dignity and ensure freedom of speech and an independent judiciary. Convincing the Germans and the French to accelerate the deadline for letting the Poles and other eastern europeans work in the rest of the EU. Arguing with the Austrians, and winning the argument, to ensure they would not spike the accession talks with Turkey. This stuff takes time and it’s very, very hard, but it beats the hell out of war.

So I feel I kind of dejavu about this situation. On the one side, the forces of "good" protecting us from an insidious and evil conspiracy. On the other an oppressed underclass of 5 billion or so. Living on 1 dollar a day, and suffering significant daily injustice.

A society where such radical disparity exists is out of whack, however unlike South Africa, I can’t simply bail this time because I don’t like it. Unless I move to mars:-) So I come down on the moderate side, negotiate, with risk, until negotation is completely exhausted. The underlying reasons for injustice must be addressed to eliminate terrorism.

Bush is embarking on an Israeli solution, as opposed to a British solution, and we are all getting sucked along in his wake. Ireland could have become another Palestine, but it didn’t because the extremists where not allowed to monopolise the dialogue.There are extremists, moderates and could-care-less’s on both sides, the trick is not to let the extremists monopolise the dialogue. This is exactly what Bush (himself an extremist) has done. Only this time it’s global, and the current meme has the potential to become horribly self fulfilling.
          12 Must-Know Facts about Asia        
Asia is the world's largest continent in world covering 60 percent of Earth's total land area.

1.Asia is the most populous continent in the world with world's populous countries,China and India.It is the land of diversity.


2.Asia can be divided into 6 subcontinents :



  1. Central Asia – Kazakhstan Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
  2. East Asia – China, Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan, North and South Korea.
  3. North Asia – Russia.
  4. India Subcontinent – India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.
  5. Southeast Asia – Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma], Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
  6. Southwest Asia – The Middle East including Turkey, Iran, Cyprus, Israel, and Lebanon.

3.Top Ten Tallest Mountains in Asia :

Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth and it is located in Asia.

Mount Everest with group of people
Mount Everest



  1. Everest -Nepal,Tibet
  2. K2 - Pakistan,China
  3. Kangchenjunga - Nepal,Sikkim, India
  4. Lhotse - Nepal,Tibet, China
  5. Makalu - Nepal,Tibet, China
  6. Cho Oyu - Nepal,Tibet, China
  7. Dhaulagiri - Nepal
  8. Manaslu- Nepal
  9. Nanga Parbat-Pakistan
  10. Annapurna- Nepal
4.Top Ten longest rivers in Asia :

  1. Yangtze 
  2. Yellow River 
  3. Lena River 
  4. Mekong River 
  5. Irtysh River 
  6. Yenisei River 
  7. Ob River 
  8. Nizhnyaya Tunguska River 
  9. Indus River
  10. Brahmaputra River
5.Asia is located to the east of the Suez Canal, the Ural river, and the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains (or the Kuma-Manych Depression) and the Caspian and Black Seas.It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.

6.Asia’s most dominant financial centers are Tokyo, Hong Kong and Singapore.

7.Asia is only continent joined by two other continents,Africa and Europe.


9.China is the world's biggest nation and it is located in Asia.

10.Asia is the only continent where tigers are found in the wild.

11.Caspian Sea is the Largest Salt Lake in Asia.

12.The Dead Sea or The Salt Sea is the lowest place on earth is situated in Asia.


          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
Tokelau Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent in the world with 50 Countries.Here is the list of 50 countries in  Asia and their capitals. 
Asia





S.no
Countries
Capitals
1.
Afghanistan
Kabul
2.
Armenia
Yerevan
3.
Azerbaijan
Baku
4.
Bahrain
Manama
5.
Bangladesh
Dhaka
6.
Bhutan
Thimphu
7.
Brunei
Bandar Seri Begawan
8.
Cambodia
Phnom Penh
9.
Cyprus
Nicosia
10.
East Timor
Dili
11.
Egypt
Cairo
12.
Georgia
Tbilisi
13.
India
New Delhi
14.
Indonesia
Jakarta
16.
Iran
Tehran
17.
Iraq
Baghdad
18.
Israel
Jerusalem
19.
Japan
Tokyo
20.
Jordan
Amman
21.

Kazakhstan
Astana
22.
Kuwait
Kuwait City
23.
Kyrgyzstan
Bishkek
24.
Laos
Vientiane
25.
Lebanon
Beirut
26.
Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur
27.
Maldives
Malé
28.
Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar
29.
Myanmar
Naypyidaw
30.
Nepal
Kathmandu
31.
North Korea
Pyongyang (P'yŏngyang)
32.
Oman
Muscat
33.
Pakistan
Islamabad
34.
The People's Republic of China
Beijing
35.
The Philippines
Manila
36.
Qatar
Doha
37.
The Republic of China
Taipei
38.
Russia
Moscow
39.
Saudi Arabia
Riyadh
40.
Singapore
Singapore
41.
South Korea
Seoul
42.
Syria
Damascus
43.
Tajikistan
Dushanbe
44.
Thailand
Bangkok
45.
Turkey
Ankara
46.
Turkmenistan
Ashgabat
47.
The United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi
48.
Uzbekistan
Tashkent
49.
Vietnam
Hanoi
50.
Yemen
Sanaá

          Brexit making people look abroad        

30% increase in UK Citizens planning to move abroad after Brexit

Moments after the shock of the EU referendum result the cost of living calculator from the Expatistan site said:
“The number of people comparing UK cities and cities abroad spiked to over 50% It comes as no surprise that the correlation between how a city voted and people researching to move abroad showed positive.

The lower the percentage for those pro Brexit, the lower the interest to move out of the UK. With locations where Remain votes where higher, the interest to move abroad grew higher.”

USA and Australia where the top 2 countries people were looking to move to, with Spain coming in third.

Here at Propertyshowrooms.com we have also noticed such an increase in property searches and notice that on our portal we find that more people have been searching for property in Spain, Cyprus and Portugal and further abroad to the UAE and Thailand.

Another notable result of Brexit is that a lot of Brits are researching how they can keep their EU passports.

The cover of a British passport reads "European Union", when the UK leaves Europe, this will no longer be the case as it will cease to be an EU passport.

A possible route to an EU passport is marriage. For example, the spouse of a citizen of Spain can become a citizen after only one year of wedded bliss.


Article by +https://plus.google.com/109065039197462640663?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Book Review : Origins of the Bangladesh Army        

Title : ORIGINS OF THE BANGLADESH ARMY

Author : Sabir Abdus Samee

Category : New (Academic)

First Published : May 2010

 Publishers : Bornali Book Center

Type of book : Historical / Political / Military History

General Subject Matter : History of the Bangladesh Army

Price : Taka 120.00


ISBN : 978-984-645-056-9
This is the first book on the history of the Bangladesh Army. If you are interested about Bangladeshi history, politics and Bangladesh Army, you will enjoy this book.
“Origins of the Bangladesh Army” is available in the following places:

Boi Bichitra
House No- 141, Road-12,
Block-E, Banani
Dhaka

Boi Bichitra
Rupayon Golden Age
Gulshan-2
Dhaka

Shotabdi Prokashoni
491/1 Mogbazar, Wireless Rail Gate
Dhaka-1217

You can ask any salesperson to give you a copy, if you do not find the book in display.
If you have any problem in finding the book, you can contact the author at sabir_samee@yahoo.co.uk

Book Review

http://www.botomul.com/ad_file/ad_file~2112.jpg

Origins of the Bangladesh Army by Sabir Abdus Samee

Amalia Macris
Sabir Abdus Samee’s work Origins of the Bangladesh Army brings a new take on historical and political events, as seen through his eyes and interpreted by him. As the son of a Bangladeshi army officer, he spent his childhood in Bangladeshi cantonments. It is clearly a topic close to his heart that he has tried to bring more light to for outsiders.
The book is divided into five chronological parts starting from 1757 with the Legacy left from the British Raj, followed by the Pakistani years (1947 – 1971) and the war of Independence which took place in 1971 and saw the foundation of the Bangladesh Army. The book continues with the subsequent victory that came in the same year and ends with the Bangladesh Army after Independence (1972 to present). Through this account the author has tried to bring out the truth and challenge views of intellectuals and politicians regarding the Bangladesh Army. Full of references to other sources and quotes from politicians and Army Officials that add colour and dimension to the text Origins of the Bangladesh Army tells the story of those who fought for the Army, those who were sacrificed and those who were victorious. The role of the Bangladeshi media is also analysed in this book, examining the political affiliations of each source and their portrayal of events.
This is a book suitable for anyone who has an interest in military books and reading about historical facts, or for someone carrying out research on the history of Bangladesh to present date. Books on the topic do exist but a Western point of view is often presented, it is therefore interesting and useful to have a book in English giving a Bangladeshi’s perspective of events.
Amalia Macris is a Communication Consultant and Writer. She lives in Cyprus.


          Dynaflex appointed authorized representative for TGI ILMADUR gauge & sight glasses in Middle East & Africa        
TGI's factory in Ilmenau

Ilmenau — 22 June 2012 — Dynaflex Corporation, the authorized importer, stockist & representative in India for ILMADUR gauge & sight glasses manufactured by Technische Glaswerke Ilmenau GmbH, has been allotted by TGI the additional territories of the Middle East & Africa to cater to requirements of their ILMADUR branded gauge & sight glasses in the region. With this appointment, Dynaflex Corporation will now export Ilmadur Gauge & Sight Glasses to Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Kurdistan, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Northern Cyprus, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Comoros, Djibouti, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan & Sahrawi.

ILMADUR branded gauge & sight glasses are manufactured by Technische Glaswerke Ilmenau GmbH at it's Ilmenau plant. ILMADUR gauge and sight glasses are manufactured from borosilicate “I-420” material developed and patented by TGI particularly to produce high-quality sight glasses.

About TGI
Technische Glaswerke Ilmenau GmbH is a leading manufacturer of laboratory and household glassware, sight and gauge glasses, pressed technical glasses, glass tubes, capillaries & rods in Ilmenau, a town located in the district of Ilm-Kreis, Thuringia, Germany.

About Dynaflex Corporation
Dynaflex Corporation is a leading importer and one of the largest stockists in the world of technical & safety glasses from the leading manufacturers in Europe & the USA. Most of the products are again re-exported to South East Asia, Middle East, Africa, North & South Americas & Europe.

Contact
To learn more about this topic, please contact
Dynaflex Corporation, Media Relations
Tek Towers (DOXA)
No.11, Rajiv Gandhi Salai (OMR)
Thoraipakkam
Chennai 600097, INDIA
pr@dynaflex.asia


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نویسنده : مجتبی
تاریخ : چهار شنبه 26 خرداد 1395
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تور ترکیه ۹۵

اگر به دنبال سفر به ترکیه هستید و می خواهید اطلاعات دقیق درباره ØªÙˆØ± ترکیه Û¹Ûµ Ú©Ø³Ø¨ نمایید پیشنهاد می کنیم این بخش را با دقت مطالعه نمایید.در ضمن توجه کنید که اطلاعات وارد شده تنها جهت کسب آگاهی بیشتر شما بوده و در نهایت شما مسئول انتخاب هر نوع تور مسافرتی هستیدو ما در این مورد هیچگونه مسئولیتی نداریم و تنها در جهت اطلاعت رسانی و راحیت یافتن اطلاعات جامعی در باره تورهای سال آینده این اطلاعات را برایتان در این مکان قرار داده ایم.

ترکیه ÛŒÚ©ÛŒ از زیبا ترین کشورهای همسایه محسوب می شود . موقعیت جغرافیایی ویژه ای که این کشور در ان واقع شده است باعث گردیده تا در میان منطقه و حتی جهان از اهمیت بالاییبر خوردار باشد. بخش از خاک کشور ترکیه در آسیا و بخشی دیگر نیز در اروپا قرار دارد و کشورهایی از آسیا و اروپا در همسایگی این سرزمین زیبا قرار گرفته اند از جمله ایران که به عنوان همسایی آسیایی ان محسوب می شود.

 

تور ترکیه

در ایران در طول سال و در ایام مختلف شاهد هستیم که ØªÙˆØ± ترکیه Ù‡Ù…یشه از رونق خاصی برخوردار بوده و مردم علاقه زیادی به تور گردشگری این کشور دارند.شاید شما هم بدتان نیاید برای یک بار هم که شده به این کشور یبا سفر نمایید و از جاذبه های توریستی آن دیدن کنید.Ù