CA-Mountain View, JOB SUMMARY Reporting to the Senior Vice President of Investments, the Administrative Assistant supports a small and highly collaborative team that oversees and administers $8 billion of charitable capital. The Assistant is responsible for day-to-day administration of department workflow across numerous investment relationships, and serves as primary liaison between the foundationâs controller, co
Highlights of Union Bank of India's Results for the Quarter ended June 30, 2017
CASA 25.1 per cent YoY
Non Interest Income ` ` 1414 crore (up 36 per cent YoY) Savings Deposit 27.6 per cent YoY
Operating Profit ` ` 2057 crore (up 26.5 per cent YoY) CASA Share 35.5 per cent
Net Profit ` 117 crore (up 7.3 per cent QoQ) RAM* Sector 14.8 per cent YoY
CRAR 12.01 per cent RAM* Share 55.4 per cent
Tier I 9.24 per cent
ï· The growth in Deposits was driven by Savings Deposits, which grew by 27.6 per cent on YoY basis.
ï· Cost to income ratio improved to 43.79 per cent against 48.28 per cent on YoY basis.
ï· Capital Adequacy Ratio (Basel III) improved to 12.01 per cent compared to 10.75 per cent a year ago. * (Retail, Agriculture & MSME share in domestic advances)
Business Global Business grew by 10.5 per cent to `670971 crore as on June 30, 2017 from `607280 crore as on June 30, 2016. Domestic business grew by 10.0 per cent to `635233 crore as on June 30, 2017 from `577473 crore as on June 30, 2016. Total deposit of the bank grew from `338727 crore as on June 30, 2016 to `375796 crore as on June 30, 2017 showing growth of 10.9 per cent. Financial Results for the Quarter ended June 30, 2017
CASA deposits grew by 25.1 per cent to `133412 crore as on June 30, 2017 from `106604 crore as on June 30, 2016. CASA share in total deposits improved to 35.5 per cent as on June 30, 2017 compared to 31.5 per cent as on June 30, 2016. Average CASA ratio also increased by 430 basis points (bps) to 33.5 per cent on YoY basis. Savings Deposit registered YoY growth of 27.6 per cent. A total of 8.70 lakh CASA accounts were opened during April-June 2017, out of which 8.38 lakh were Savings Bank Accounts (excl. BSBDA/BSBDS accounts). The Bankâs Global Advances grew by 9.9 per cent (YoY) to `295175 crore as on June 30, 2017 from `268553 crore as on June 30, 2016. Due to encouraging growth of 14.8 per cent in RAM (Retail, Agriculture & MSME) sector, Domestic Advances increased by 9.4 per cent from `242935 crore as on June 30, 2016 to `265683 crore as on June 30, 2017.
Financial Performance for the quarter ended June 2017 Domestic Net Interest Margin (NIM) stood at 2.20 per cent for April -June 2017 as against 2.36 per cent for April -June 2016. Global NIM for April -June 2017 stood at 2.06 per cent as against 2.27 per cent for January-March 2017 quarter. It was 2.28 per cent a year ago. Yield on funds stood at 6.94 per cent for April -June 2017 as against 7.94 per cent for April-June 2016 and 7.35 per cent for January-March 2017. Cost of funds stood at 5.03 per cent for April -June 2017 as against 5.82 per cent for April-June 2016 and 5.24 per cent for January-March 2017. Net Interest Income for April-June 2017 increased by 6.7 per cent to `2243 crore from `2103 crore for April-June 2016. It was `2387 crore during January-March 2017. Non Interest Income for April-June 2017 stood at `1414 crore, showing increase of 36.0 per cent over April-June 2016. Operating profit increased by 26.5 per cent to `2057 crore during April-June 2017 over `1626 crore during April-June 2016 and was `2134 crore during January-March 2017. Net Profit for April-June 2017 sequentially increased to `117 crore from `109 crore in January-March 2017. Cost to income ratio improved to 43.79 per cent for April -June 2017 from 48.28 per cent for April-June 2016 and it was 44.32 per cent for January-March 2017. Return on average assets (annualised) stood at 0.10 per cent for April-June 2017 as against 0.17 per cent for April-June 2016 and 0.10 per cent for January-March 2017. Return on equity (annualised) stood at 2.46 per cent in April -June 2017 as against 3.36 per cent for April -June 2016 and 2.27 per cent for January-March 2017. Earnings per share (annualised) stood at `6.78 in April -June 2017 as against `9.69 for April -June 2016 and `6.33 for January-March 2017.
Asset Quality Gross NPA stood at 12.63 per cent as on June 30, 2017 as against 11.17 per cent as on March 31, 2017 and 10.16 per cent as on June 30, 2016. Net NPA ratio stood at 7.47 per cent as on June 30, 2017 as against 6.57 per cent as on March 31, 2017 and 6.16 per cent as on June 30, 2016. Provision Coverage Ratio stood at 51.13 per cent as on June 30, 2017 as against 51.41 per cent as on March 31, 2017. It was 49.99 per cent as on June 30, 2016.
Capital Adequacy Capital Adequacy ratio of the Bank under Basel III improved to 12.01 per cent as on June 30, 2017 as against 11.79 per cent as on March 31, 2017 and 10.75 per cent as on June 30, 2016 compared to minimum regulatory requirement of 10.25 per cent. The Tier I ratio as of June 30, 2017 is 9.24 per cent, within which Common Equity Tier 1 ratio is 7.73 per cent compared to regulatory minimum of 6.75 per cent.
Digital Initiatives The Bank has been pioneer in taking various digital initiatives and continuously launched various digital products for enhancing the customer services. Following are some of the key achievements during the quarter: 66 per cent growth in mobile banking users on YoY basis. U-Mobile transaction volume doubled from June 2016. 90 per cent growth in number of PoS terminals on YoY basis. 7th largest presence in banking industry and 3rd largest presence amongst all PSU banks within short span of time in Social media. Trendsetter on Social media channels by taking various initiatives like Live streaming, Digital Education Series â #KyaAapJanteHai etc. 67 per cent share of âtransactions through digital channelsâ in âoverall transactionsâ.
Financial Inclusion: Under the Pradhan Manrti Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY), the the Bank has more than 69 lakh accounts having a balance of `1270 crore. 48.91 lakh Rupay Card issued under PMJDY as on June 30, 2017.
Total enrollment under Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) and Atal Pension Yojana (APJ) increased to 30.1 lakh, 12.8 lakh and 2.21 lakh respectively. The Bank financed `696 crore in 33433 accounts under Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, including an amount of `211 crore to 7964 beneficiaries through a specific scheme for financing of light commercial vehicle during AprilâJune 2017.
Network The Bank has 4286 branches as of June 30, 2017 including 4 overseas branches at Hong Kong, DIFC (Dubai), Antwerp (Belgium) and Sydney (Australia). In addition, the Bank has representative offices at Shanghai, Beijing and Abu Dhabi. The Bank also operates in United Kingdom through its wholly owned subsidiary, Union Bank of India (UK) Ltd. Total number of ATMs stood at 7574 including 1685 talking ATMs as of June 30, 2017. ATM to branch ratio stood at 1.77.
Awards & Accolades during FY 2017-18 (April-June) Skoch Award Skoch Order of merit Award â Operational Customer Relationship Management (OCRM) Skoch Financial Technology Award - Unified Payment Interface(UPI) Skoch Financial Technology Award - Green PIN solution for Debit cards Skoch Financial Technology Award - Union Digi Gaon Skoch Financial Inclusion Award for Financial Inclusion
Mumbai, August 10, 2017: Octaware Technologies Limited (BSE â 540416), a leading software and business solutions development company,is pleased to announce that they have been awarded the prestigious contract from BPCL for the design and implementation of their loyalty and brand microsites. Octaware was one of the bidders and was awarded the contract, post evaluation and presentation of efficient solutions and capabilities to the evaluation committee.
The scope of work under the contract includes design and implementation of microsites for BPCLâs loyalty programs â SmartFleet & PetroBonus and other brands - Speed and In & Out. The engagement includes a period of 3 months for implementation of microsites and an additional three years of support and maintenance. Octaware Technology Limitedâs expertise in the areas of online portals & enterprise systems helped them win the contract.
Commenting on the development, Mr. Aslam Khan, Chief Executive Officer, Octaware Technologies Limited, said,âWe are extremely delighted to have won the prestigious contract from BPCL, our first major win in the Indian PSU sector, post our IPO in April 2017. The fact that it falls under one of Octawareâs key focus verticals of governance, demonstrates our consistent and steady inroads in the Indian market, surpassing some of the strong players in the region. We look forward to a long-term business association with BPCLâ.
About Octaware Technologies Limited:
Incorporated in 2005, Octaware Technologies Ltd is a software development company providing a range of information technology solutions. The company designs, develops, and maintains software systems and solutions. Company's services include custom software development, ECM/portal solution, ERP and CRM implementation, mobile platform solution, RFID solution, cloud and IT infrastructure services, consulting services and geospatial services.
Octaware provides specialized software application and product development services and solutions in the areas of healthcare, finance, and e-government industry. The company has proprietary products for domestic, as well as international markets, such as PowerERM â Human Capital Relationship Management, Hospice â Healthcare and Citizen Services solution, and iOnAsset â Inventory management and tracking System etc. These products are available as packaged products as well as software-as-a-service model integrated with legacy system.
Octaware Technologies Limited (BSE â 540416), got listed on the BSE âSME platform on April 3, 2017 and was oversubscribed by 148%, providing testimony to the faith, the investors have reposed in the company.
India, 4th August 2017: Swipe Technologies, Indiaâs leading mobile internet technology company, is all set to unveil brand new member in its popular KONNECT Series - Swipe KONNECT Power. The slim and sturdy smartphone sports 5â HD IPS display and boasts enormous 3000 mAh battery. The compelling feature rich Swipe KONNECT Power is competitively priced at Rs. 4,999 only. It will be available exclusively on Snapdeal from 7th August 2017.
Swipe KONNECT Power is driven by a powerful 1.5GHz quad core processor that runs on Android 6.0 OS for lag-free multi-tasking smartphone experience. It comes with 2 GB RAM plus 16 GB internal memory, expandable up to 32 GB and OTG support enhances the storage options.The new 4G VoLTE-ready KONNECT Power features 5â HD IPS display that allows users to enjoy cleaner & sharper visuals at the highest resolution. Besides, this device has a very sleek body that makes the phone very stylish in its looks. Thatâs not all. For the photography enthusiast, KONNECT Power comes with 8MP Rear Camera and 5MP Front Camera. The camera app also comes with lots of features to enhance the photography. The new phone gives an extended company to the user with its 3000 mAh battery, which is installed keeping in mind the daily lifestyle and usage patterns of young smartphone users. Commenting on the launch of KONNECT Power, Mr. Shripal Gandhi, Founder and CEO of Swipe Technologies said: âFulfilling aspirations of demanding Indians at affordable price is what differentiates Swipe from other smartphone players. Our latest creation is yet another affordable device under the KONNECT series â KONNECT Power. It is designed for the aspiring youth of the country who requires long lasting battery that too with 2GB RAM yet the phone is light on pocket.â
Vishal Chadha, Sr.Vice President â Business said: âAs part of our commitment to the vision of Digital India, we are keen to bring our consumers access to compelling technology products at great value. With Swipe Konnect Power, we are confident that this newest exclusive addition to our smartphone assortment will be well received by our customersâ
Swipe KONNECT Power comes with a gorgeous design, and it has a smoother touch experience as well as comfortable grip. Customers will be able to enjoy a greater multimedia experience, as they can capture stunning photos and videos in virtually any lighting condition.
About Swipe Technologies:
Swipe Technologies is an innovation-centric mobility solutions company, having started its operations in July 2012. Within a short span of time, Swipe has become the leading tablet and Smartphone maker in India. Swipe was started with an aim to bring exciting devices in the growing Indian market and today, it is the leading consumer brand with key innovations across products, pricing and customer support. Founded by technocrat Mr. Shripal Gandhi, Swipe raised $5 million in May 2014 from the Venture Capital firm Kalaari Capital. In the last three years, Swipe has won a number of accolades including the âTop 50 Inspiring Entrepreneurs of Indiaâ by The Economic Times, the âMost Innovation-driven Company in Indiaâ by World Brand Congress, and the âMost Innovative Start-upâ by Franchise India, the âBest Integrated Campaignâ by the World Brand and Congress& the âBest Youth Brand Tabletâ by CNBC. Also, Swipeâs young founder Mr. Shripal Gandhi has been recognized as the âCNBC Young Turksâ for his breakthrough strategies and innovation in the field of mobile communication technologies. For details, logon to www.justswipe.com
E' successo che, preparando un commento all'ultima sortita di Saviano a proposito di storia della sinistra italiana, ho ripreso in mano, dopo anni, il vecchio volume dell'Einaudi (Torino, 1960) che raccoglie i corsivi pubblicati da Gramsci sull'"Avanti!" nella rubrica Sotto la Mole (1916-1920). Qui mi Ã¨ capitato sotto gli occhi il commento di Gramsci alla sentenza sui "fatti di Torino", cioÃ¨ (annotano i curatori dell'edizione) "lo sciopero generale per il pane e contro la guerra, che sfociÃ² nella sommossa del 23-26 agosto 1917". 
Il commento di Gramsci fu pubblicato sull'"Avanti!" il 20 ottobre 1918: il testo, come di frequente, uscÃ¬ con vistosi "vuoti" dovuti all'azione della censura. Eccolo qui di seguito .
BELLU SCHESC' E DOTTORI!
Il giudice Emanuele Pili non Ã¨ senza storia, come gli uomini e i popoli felici. Ma la storia del giudice Emanuele Pili ha una lacuna; iniziatasi col protagonista autore drammatico, riprende ora col protagonista Â«ragionatoreÂ» di sentenze, e riprende con una gloriosa e strenua pugna: il Â«ragionamentoÂ» della sentenza per i fatti di Torino, che nell'ultimo numero della Â«Gazzetta dei tribunaliÂ» il misuratore di crani prof. Vitige Tirelli qualifica Â«dottaÂ».
Gli sono estranee le correnti del pensiero moderno che hanno ringiovanito tutta la dottrina dello Stato e del Giure â superando le concezioni puerilmente metafisiche della dottrina tradizionale, degli imparaticci da scoletta universitaria â colla riduzione dello Stato e del Giure a pura attivitÃ pratica, svolta come dialettica della volontÃ di potenza e non piÃº pietistico richiamo alle leggi naturali, ai sacrari inconoscibili dell'istinto avito, alla banale retorica dei compilatori delle storiette per la scuola elementare. Il Â«ragionamentoÂ» del giudice Pili Ã¨ solo una filastroccola di banalitÃ retoriche, di gonfiezze presuntuose: esso Ã¨ il ridicolo parto di un fossile intellettuale, il quale non riesce a concepire che lo Stato italiano almeno giuridicamente (e come giudice questa apparenza della realtÃ doveva solo importare al Â«giovaneÂ» da tribunale) Ã¨ costituzionale, ed Ã¨ parlamentare per tradizione (l'on. Sonnino Ã¨ gran parte dello Stato attuale, ma crediamo che il suo articolo Torniamo allo Statuto! non sia ancora diventato legge fondamentale del popolo italiano): [cinque righe censurate]. La Â«dottrinaÂ» del giovane da tribunale infatti si consolida (!) in esclamazioni enfatiche contro chi ha Â«resistitoÂ» o Ã¨ accusato di aver resistito: non cerca (come era suo compito) di dimostrare, alla stregua delle prove concrete e sicure, un delitto per passare l'esatta commisurazione alla sua entitÃ di una pena contemplata nel codice. No, il Â«giovaneÂ» vuole sfoggiare, come una contadina ricca del Campidano di Cagliari le vesti multicolori che hanno servito alle sue antenate per le nozze e per decine e decine di anni sono rimaste seppellite in un vecchio cassettone a fregi bestiali e floreali tra lo spigo e una dozzina di limoni: e sfoggia tutti i vecchiumi, tutti gli scolaticci dei vespasiani giuridici chiusi per misura d'igiene pubblica.
Il giudice Emanuele Pili ha scritto una commedia dialettale: Bellu schesc' e dottori! (che bel pezzo di... dottore!) L'esclamazione potrebbe essere la conclusione critica della lettura di una sentenza, cosÃ com'Ã¨ il titolo di una commedia.
La prima lacuna Ã¨ stata integrata facilmente dai curatori del testo gramsciano. Si tratta di una citazione dalla Logica di Croce, riportata come segue:
Â«Chi ha pratica dei tribunali sa che molto spesso un magistrato, presa la decisione e stabilita la sentenza, incarica un suo piÃº giovane collega di "ragionarla", ossia di apporre una parvenza di ragionamento a ciÃ² che non Ã¨ intrinsecamente e puramente prodotto di logica, ma Ã¨ voluntas di un determinato provvedimento. Questo procedere, se ha il suo uso nella cerchia pratica o giuridica, Ã¨ affatto escluso da quella della logica e della scienzaÂ» (B. CROCE, Logica come scienza del concetto puro, Bari 1917, pp. 87-88).
Quando Gramsci nel suo corsivo parla delle "correnti del pensiero moderno che hanno ringiovanito tutta la dottrina dello Stato e del Giure", si riferisce appunto alla filosofia del diritto di Benedetto Croce. Croce aveva infatti affermato l'assoluta separazione tra morale e diritto, e aveva sottoposto il diritto alle categorie dell'utile e della forza. Nella concezione di Croce, il diritto Ã¨ forza, che viene applicata per il raggiungimento di uno scopo ritenuto (da chi agisce questa forza) utile; il diritto Ã¨ inoltre amorale, in quanto prescinde dal giusto e dall'ingiusto.
E' interessante notare che qui Gramsci si serve della teoria del diritto di Croce per porre un'istanza di garantismo giuridico. Infatti, ciÃ² che Gramsci rimprovera al giudice Pili, estensore della sentenza sui fatti di Torino, Ã¨ di aver confuso il diritto con la morale. Il giudice avrebbe dovuto limitarsi a vagliare le prove, accertare se fosse stato commesso un reato, e, in caso affermativo, determinarne la pena secondo le norme del codice. Invece, questa sentenza (scrive Gramsci) pretende di condannare gli imputati non sulla base della legge, bensÃ¬ sulla scorta di considerazioni di ordine moralistico, la cui infondatezza giuridica Ã¨ mascherata dal ricorso all'enfasi e alla retorica.
La linea del ragionamento gramsciano Ã¨ abbastanza riconoscibile, nonostante i buchi lasciati dalla censura, e nonostante un probabile refuso tipografico . Comunque, in un poscritto all'articolo del giorno successivo (Le vie della divina provvidenza, 21 ottobre 1918), Gramsci scrive:
La "giustificazione filosofica" delle critiche che Gramsci rivolge al magistrato corrisponde, lo abbiamo visto, ad una citazione da Croce. Rimane la curiositÃ di sapere quali potessero essere le altre due "giustificazioni" imbiancate dalla censura.
La "giustificazione costituzionale", che corrisponde alla lacuna di cinque righe, si trova, dice Gramsci, nello Statuto albertino; e potrebbe forse trattarsi di uno degli articoli che, in quel testo costituzionale, tutelavano i diritti civili: per esempio l'art. 26, secondo comma, "niuno puÃ² essere arrestato e tradotto in giudizio, se non nei casi previsti dalla legge, e nelle forme che essa prescrive".
Naturalmente, non Ã¨ da pensare che Gramsci si facesse particolari illusioni circa l'effettivitÃ delle garanzie prescritte dallo Statuto. Sappiamo, invece, che Gramsci sempre ritenne la borghesia italiana incapace di creare un vero Stato di diritto che tutelasse le libertÃ individuali . Un articolo di Gramsci di qualche anno successivo a quello che stiamo ora esaminando (Lo Stato italiano, in "L'Ordine Nuovo", 7 febbraio 1920) contiene una puntuale critica, da questo punto di vista, allo Statuto albertino:
Lo Stato italiano [...] non ha mai neppure tentato di mascherare la dittatura spietata della classe proprietaria. Si puÃ² dire che lo Statuto albertino sia servito a un solo fine preciso: a legare fortemente le sorti della Corona alle sorti della proprietÃ privata. I soli freni infatti che funzionano nella macchina statale per limitare gli arbitrÃ® del governo dei ministri del re sono quelli che interessano la proprietÃ privata del capitale. La Costituzione non ha creato nessun istituto che presidÃ® almeno formalmente le grandi libertÃ dei cittadini: la libertÃ individuale, la libertÃ di parola e di stampa, la libertÃ di associazione e di riunione. Negli Stati capitalistici, che si chiamano liberali democratici, l'istituto massimo di presidio delle libertÃ popolari Ã¨ il potere giudiziario: nello Stato italiano la giustizia non Ã¨ un potere, Ã¨ un ordine, Ã¨ uno strumento della Corona e della classe proprietaria.
Gramsci sottintendeva questo tipo di considerazioni anche all'articolo qui in commento, laddove scriveva che lo Stato italiano "almeno giuridicamente" (cioÃ¨ solo formalmente) era costituzionale, ed era "parlamentare per tradizione", nel senso che lo Statuto albertino non istituiva una vera e propria democrazia parlamentare, bensÃ¬ l'ordinamento parlamentare dello Stato derivava da una semplice consuetudine che poteva essere in ogni momento abrogata: cosÃ¬ come aveva proposto di fare Sidney Sonnino nel suo articolo del 1897, appropriatamente richiamato da Gramsci, Torniamo allo Statuto!, e come poi farÃ il fascismo.
Tuttavia, il fatto che la monarchia sabauda fosse uno Stato di diritto carente e imperfetto non avrebbe dovuto esimere il magistrato dall'applicare comunque quelle garanzie (pur se insufficienti) che la legge disponeva a favore degli imputati: "come giudice questa apparenza della realtÃ doveva solo importare" al giudice Pili, osserva giustamente Gramsci.
Una delle notizie ivi contenute, che possono essere state utilizzate da Gramsci ai fini del suo commento, Ã¨ una corrispondenza dalla Gran Bretagna datata 3 novembre, che riporto qui di seguito in una mia traduzione (il testo originale Ã¨ in nota):
Il Cantone Esterno di Appenzell ha da poco emesso una singolare sentenza contro un ragazzino accusato di alcuni piccoli furti. Lo hanno condannato a 50 fl. di ammenda e a trenta colpi di verga. Gli sarÃ inoltre assegnato un posto particolare in chiesa per un periodo di due anni: dovrÃ trovarsi colÃ per due volte ogni domenica, e sarÃ punito severamente in caso d'inosservanza .
In questa notizia di cronaca (un ragazzino condannato con sentenza penale ad andare a messa due volte la settimana) troviamo un esempio estremo e grottesco di quella perniciosa, pre-moderna confusione tra diritto e morale, che Gramsci stigmatizza nella sua polemica col giudice relatore della sentenza sui fatti di Torino. PerciÃ² ritengo che sia stata questa la pezza giustificativa di quella parte dell'argomentazione gramsciana, che la censura ha cancellato lasciando nell'articolo un buco di venticinque righe.
 Sempre secondo l'apparato critico dell'edizione citata, la sentenza fu emessa dal Tribunale militare di Torino il 2 agosto 1918; il testo della sentenza Ã¨ reperibile in "Rivista storica del socialismo", n. 2, 1960.
 "Passare l'esatta commisurazione alla sua entitÃ di una pena contemplata nel codice" Ã¨ frase di cui si capisce il senso, ma che sembra guasta anche grammaticalmente. Penso che Gramsci abbia invece scritto "fissare l'esatta commisurazione della sua entitÃ ad una pena contemplata nel codice".
 Cfr. Leonardo Rapone, Cinque anni che paiono secoli. Antonio Gramsci dal socialismo al comunismo (1914-1919), Carocci, Roma 2011, pp. 162-6.
Vogliamo oggi parlare della meno eseguita fra le sinfonie di Brahms: la Sinfonia n. 5 in do maggiore, op. 123.
Questa sinfonia Ã¨ il "canto del cigno" del grande musicista, che la terminÃ² nel 1898, pochi mesi prima del suo definitivo crollo psichico.
Brahms visse ancora una decina d'anni chiuso nel manicomio di Amburgo, dove, secondo le relazioni cliniche e le testimonianze del personale ospedaliero, condusse una vita vegetativa, completamente immemore, punteggiata da intervalli di coscienza (ma non di luciditÃ ), durante i quali il povero Brahms sosteneva di essere una taverniera; in tale sua immaginaria qualitÃ di ostessa di una bettola di infimo ordine, Brahms interloquiva coi medici e gli infermieri, scambiandoli per avventori del suo locale. Lo si poteva allora udire in tutto il manicomio mentre, con voce stridula, urlava frasi del tipo: "Quante birre al tavolo sei?" - Tale scena penosa, su cui i biografi di Brahms hanno mantenuto, fino a tempi recenti, un imbarazzato silenzio, si ripeteva una o due volte la settimana.
Un altro motivo di stupore derivÃ² poi dalla strumentazione, che comprende, oltre al solito organico orchestrale, anche una fisarmonica, un mandolino e un sassofono. Inoltre nell'ultimo movimento Ã¨ introdotta una voce di basso.
Il primo movimento, Allegro amabile, in forma sonata, inizia con il primo tema, esposto dai soli archi. E' una melodia languida, per non dire sensuale, costruita sulle note Do - La - La - Mi bemolle - Do- Si. In tedesco, queste note si scrivono C - A- A- Es - C - H; si tratta perciÃ² di un chiaro riferimento al nome di Clara Schumann, la musicista per la quale, com'Ã¨ noto, Brahms nutrÃ¬ a lungo una segreta e infelice passione. Dopo un ponte modulante, si passa al secondo tema, che Ã¨ costituito, abbastanza sorprendentemente, dalla ben nota canzone goliardica italiana detta "delle osterie". Il tema viene ripetuto varie volte, con un crescendo rossiniano inconsueto in Brahms, passando da una sezione all'altra dell'orchestra, in modo sempre piÃ¹ insistente. Lo sviluppo Ã¨ costituito da una ingegnosa combinazione contrappuntistica fra il primo tema e le ultime battute del secondo tema (quelle che, nel testo della canzone, corrispondono alle parole "Dammela a me, biondina, dammela a me, biondÃ "). La ripresa Ã¨ assai regolare, ed Ã¨ seguita da una coda in cui Brahms cita la melodia di un'altra canzone goliardica, Gaudeamus igitur, giÃ da lui utilizzata nella sua Ouverture accademica, op. 80.
Il secondo movimento, Andante comodo, Ã¨ in forma tripartita. Qui, dopo le stravaganze del primo tempo, ritroviamo con piacere il consueto Brahms di tanti suoi andanti sinfonici: nobile, compassato, un tantino soporifero. La parte centrale dell'Andante si distingue per il finissimo dialogo strumentale fra il sassofono e il mandolino, su una melodia che presenta sottili analogie strutturali con il tema dell'Andante del Trio op. 17 di Clara Schumann.
Non si discosta dal sostanziale classicismo dell'Andante il Minuetto con trio che costituisce il terzo movimento della sinfonia: anzi, questo Minuetto Ã¨ cosÃ¬ ostentatamente haydniano, cosÃ¬ settecentesco in modo quasi iperrealistico, che nell'ascoltatore inizia a farsi strada il dubbio se Brahms stia facendo sul serio, e se, a questo punto, ci stia ancora con la testa.
Tramontata Ã¨ la luna e le Pleiadi a mezzo della notte; anche giovinezza giÃ dilegua, e ora nel mio letto resto sola. Scuote l'anima mia Eros, come vento sul monte che irrompe entro le querce; e scioglie le membra e le agita, dolce amara indomabile belva. Ma a me non ape, non miele; e soffro e desidero.
E' difficile ascoltare questo recitativo senza provare disagio: il basso, infatti, inizia nel proprio registro centrale, ma poi sale gradualmente, terminando su delle note che si trovano talmente oltre il limite della sua estensione, che finora nessun cantante Ã¨ riuscito ad intonarle se non in falsetto. Ebbene sÃ¬: qui al compositore ha decisamente dato di volta il cervello.
A questo punto entra l'orchestra, attaccando l'Allegretto, in forma di rondÃ², su cui il basso canta un testo, elaborato dallo stesso Brahms, tratto dal Cantico di Re Salomone. La singolare difficoltÃ di questa parte vocale, caratterizzata da repentini salti di registro, costituisce certamente uno dei motivi per i quali la Sinfonia n. 5 di Brahms viene eseguita cosÃ¬ raramente, ma non Ã¨ l'unico. Soprattutto Ã¨ sconcertante la disinvoltura con cui Brahms si appropria di intere sequenze tratte dalla Traviata, dalla Carmen, dal Tristano di Wagner e dalla Manon Lescaut di Puccini, senza neppure sottoporle al lavorÃ¬o dell'elaborazione tematica e contrappuntistica di cui Ã¨ maestro. No, qui Brahms prende interi brani di queste opere e li schiaffa pari pari nel suo rondÃ², che si trasforma cosÃ¬ in una sorta di pot-pourri da operetta.
La Sinfonia n. 5 termina con un altro sberleffo musicale, questa volta affidato alla melodia della canzone napoletana "Oi MarÃ¬, oi MarÃ¬ / quanto suonno aggio perso pe' tte!", eseguita all'unisono dall'intera orchestra e dal basso, per chiudere con un accordo violentemente dissonante che usa tutte e dodici le note della scala cromatica, piÃ¹ alcuni quarti di tono.
Mentre, come si Ã¨ detto, i contemporanei di Brahms non nascosero l'inquietudine e l'imbarazzo di fronte a questa sinfonia, la critica novecentesca appare molto divisa. Il critico Giorgio LukÃ¡cs, in una delle sue rare incursioni in ambito musicale, definisce la Quinta Sinfonia di Brahms "uno dei documenti piÃ¹ impressionanti della decadenza artistica e morale della borghesia capitalistica nella sua fase imperialista"; giudizio sostanzialmente riecheggiato da Teodoro Adorno, il quale ebbe a parlare, a proposito di questa sinfonia, di "evidente involuzione reazionaria, basata sulla negazione astorica della funzione sociale della relazione armonica, nella misura in cui il contrappunto, materialisticamente e dialetticamente inteso, cede il passo al costrutto timbrico falsamente progressivo, di carattere apoditticamente neoclassico, orientato a destra, prematurato e antani". La sinfonia fu invece molto lodata da Stravinsky e, ai nostri giorni, da Pierre Boulez, che ne ha dato l'interpretazione forse piÃ¹ vibrante.
Significativa, a suo modo, fu la reazione di Glenn Gould, il quale, durante un'intervista radiofonica col fido Bruno Monsaingeon, da questi interrogato su cosa ne pensasse della Quinta sinfonia di Brahms, per tutta risposta cominciÃ² a ridere, dapprima sommessamente e poi in modo sempre piÃ¹ convulso e irrefrenabile, al punto che l'intervista dovette essere interrotta.
Ma Ã¨ tempo di passare alla conoscenza diretta di questa composizione cosÃ¬ controversa. Ecco il link, con l'avvertenza che, su alcuni browser e con sistemi operativi non aggiornati, la pagina potrebbe anche non aprirsi. Comunque, buon ascolto.
"Buongiorno, Anne. Buon anno". "Buongiorno, Valentin. Buon anno anche a te. NovitÃ ?" "SÃ¬. Un nuovo arrivo. Sabato notte. Hai il colloquio giÃ fissato per le undici. Trovi tutti i dettagli in agenda". Anne Dupont, psicologa del Centro di Prima Accoglienza di Calais, entrÃ² nel suo ufficio, accese il terminale e consultÃ² la sua agenda elettronica.
LunedÃ¬ 5 gennaio 2011, ore 11,00. Colloquio con Monsieur Philip Brasser. Cittadino britannico. EtÃ 38. Celibe. Operazione di salvataggio in mare, Canale della Manica, acque internazionali, 3 gennaio u.s. Condizioni fisiche buone. Non parla francese. Attribuzione provvisoria: codice blu.
Bene, pensÃ² Anne. Un rifugiato politico. Iniziare l'anno nuovo con un codice blu era di buon auspicio. Il colloquio era di lÃ¬ a due ore. Non c'erano altri impegni per la giornata. CompletÃ² con calma alcuni referti clinici iniziati la settimana precedente, fece una partita a Tetris, chattÃ² con alcuni amici in Internet. Quando fu il momento, si aggiustÃ² il make-up e si recÃ² in sala colloqui.
Era una stanza non troppo ampia, arredata come un normale studio specialistico ma con qualche accorgimento per mettere gli ospiti a proprio agio: colori pastello, luci soffuse, lettino basso, comoda poltrona. Su quest'ultima, di fronte alla scrivania della dottoressa, era giÃ seduto il signor Brasser.
Non c'erano straordinari da fare, quel giorno. Alle tredici, Anne spense il computer, salutÃ² i colleghi che arrivavano per il turno pomeridiano e, senza passare dalla mensa, prese l'elio-tram che, serpeggiando silenziosamente lungo la costa, la portÃ² a casa sua in dieci minuti. Era una magnifica giornata di sole. Il mare era inusualmente calmo, in quei giorni. Una fortuna, per Brasser. Aveva evitato il triste destino di tanti boat-people che partivano clandestinamente dalla riva inglese ma non riuscivano a raggiungere i nostri mezzi di soccorso nelle acque internazionali.
'..If you canât see this next crisis coming, youâre not paying the right kind of attention..'
'This Fed has already engineered the next crisis, just as Greenspan kept rates too low for too long, ignored his regulatory responsibility, and engineered the housing bubble and subprime crisis. If you canât see this next crisis coming, youâre not paying the right kind of attention. The Trump Fed is going to have to deal with that crisis, but we still have many questions as to what a Trump Fed will actually look like or do.'
'Powerful people everywhere routinely make decisions that hurt others. We see it in central bankers, politicians, corporate CEOs, religious groups, universities â any large organization. The old saying is right: Power really does corrupt. And corruption is a barrier to sustainable economic growth. This is more than a political problem; it has a serious economic impact.
Recent psychological research suggests that powerful people behave remarkably like traumatic brain injury victims. Controlled experiments show that, given power over others, people often become impulsive and less sensitive to risk. Most important, test subjects often lose empathy, that is, the ability to understand and share the feelings of others.
Powerful people also lose a capacity called âmirroring.â When we observe other people doing something, our brains react as if we were doing the same thing. Itâs why, when you watch a sporting event, you may unconsciously mimic a golf swing or the refereeâs hand signals. Some portion of your brain thinks you are really there. But when researchers prime test subjects with powerful feelings, their mirroring capacity decreases.
You can see why this is a problem. The Protected-class members of the Federal Open Market Committee must feel quite powerful when they gather in that fancy room to make policy decisions. Itâs no wonder they forget how their decisions will affect regular working-class people: Their empathy circuits get turned off.'
'..I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest..'
'Re-entering the news flow was a jolt, and not in a good way. Looking with fresh eyes at the economic numbers and central bankersâ statements convinced me that we will soon be in deep trouble. I now feel that it's highly likely we will face a major financial crisis, if not later this year, then by the end of 2018 at the latest. Just a few months ago, I thought we could avoid a crisis and muddle through. Now I think weâre past that point. The key decision-makers have (1) done nothing, (2) done the wrong thing, or (3) done the right thing too late.
Having realized this, Iâm adjusting my research efforts. I believe a major crisis is coming. The questions now are, how severe will it be, and how will we get through it? With the election of President Trump and a Republican Congress, your naÃ¯ve analyst was hopeful that we would get significant tax reform, in addition to reform of a healthcare system that is simply devastating to so many people and small businesses. I thought maybe weâd see this administration cutting through some bureaucratic red tape quickly. With such reforms in mind I was hopeful we could avoid a recession even if a crisis developed in China or Europe.
One news item I didnât miss on St. Thomas â and rather wish I had â was Janet Yellenâs reassurance regarding the likelihood of another financial crisis. Here is the full quote.
Would I say there will never, ever be another financial crisis? You know probably that would be going too far, but I do think weâre much safer, and I hope that it will not be in our lifetimes and I donât believe it will be. [emphasis added]
I disagree with almost every word in those two sentences, but my belief is less important than Chair Yellenâs. If she really believes this, then she is oblivious to major instabilities that still riddle the financial system. Thatâs not good.
Financial politicians (which is what central bankers really are) have a long history of saying the wrong things at the wrong time. Far worse, they simply fail to tell the truth. Former Eurogroup leader Jean-Claude Juncker admitted as much: âWhen it becomes serious, you have to lie,â he said in the throes of Europeâs 2011 debt crisis.'
'..Market distortions â including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities â have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'
'This week marks the five-year anniversary of Draghiâs âwhatever it takes.â I remember the summer of 2012 as if it were yesterday. From the Bubble analysis perspective, it was a Critical Juncture â for financial markets and risk perceptions, for policy and for the global economy. Italian 10-year yields hit 6.60% on July 24, 2012. On that same day, Spain saw yields surge to 7.62%. Italian banks were in freefall, while European bank stocks (STOXX600) were rapidly approaching 2009 lows. Having risen above 55 in 2011, Deutsche Bank traded at 23.23 on July 25, 2012.
It was my view at the time that the âEuropeanâ crisis posed a clear and immediate threat to the global financial system. A crisis of confidence in Italian debt (and Spanish and âperipheryâ debt) risked a crisis of confidence in European banks â and a loss of confidence in European finance risked dismantling the euro monetary regime.
Derivatives markets were in the crosshairs back in 2012. A crisis of confidence in European debt and the euro would surely have tested the derivatives marketplace to the limits. Moreover, with the big European banks having evolved into dominant players in derivatives trading (taking share from U.S. counterparts after the mortgage crisis), counter-party issues were at the brink of becoming a serious global market problem. Itâs as well worth mentioning that European banks were major providers of finance for emerging markets.
From the global government finance Bubble perspective, Draghiâs âwhatever it takesâ was a seminal development. The Bernanke Fed employed QE measures during the 2008 financial crisis to accommodate deleveraging and stabilize dislocated markets. Mario Draghi leapfrogged (helicopter) Bernanke, turning to open-ended QE and other extreme measures to preserve euro monetary integration. No longer would QE be viewed as a temporary crisis management tool. And just completely disregard traditional monetary axiom that central banks should operate as lender of last resort in the event of temporary illiquidity â but must avoid propping up the insolvent. âWhatever it takesâ advocates covert bailouts for whomever and whatever a small group of central bankers chooses â illiquid, insolvent, irredeemable or otherwise. Now five years after the first utterance of âwhatever it takes,â the Draghi ECB is still pumping out enormous amounts of âmoneyâ on a monthly basis (buying sovereigns and corporates) with rates near zero.
Iâm convinced five years of âwhatever it takesâ took the global government finance Bubble deeper into perilous uncharted territory. Certainly, markets are more complacent than ever, believing central bankers are fully committed to prolonging indefinitely the securities bull market. Meanwhile, leverage, speculative excess and trend-following flows have had an additional five years to accumulate. Market distortions â including valuations, deeply embedded complacency, and Trillions of perceived safe securities â have become only further detached from reality. And the longer all this unstable finance flows freely into the real economy, the deeper the structural maladjustment.'
'..This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.'
'While I've written about numerous valuation measures over time, the most reliable ones share a common feature: they focus on identifying "sufficient statistics" for the very, very long-term stream of cash flows that stocks can be expected to deliver into the hands of investors over time. On that front, revenues are typically more robust "sufficient statistics" than current or year-ahead earnings. See Exhaustion Gaps and the Fear of Missing Out for a table showing the relative reliability of a variety of measures. In April 2007, I estimated that an appropriate valuation for the S&P 500 stood about 850, roughly -40% lower than prevailing levels. By the October peak, the prospective market loss to normal valuation had increased to about -46%. As it happened, the subsequent collapse of the housing bubble took the S&P 500 about -55% lower. In late-October 2008, as the market plunge crossed below historically reliable valuation norms, I observed that the S&P 500 had become undervalued on our measures.
Again attempting to âstimulateâ the economy from the recession that followed, the Federal Reserve cut short-term interest rates to zero in recent years, provoking yet another episode of yield-seeking speculation, where yield-starved investors created demand for virtually every class of securities, in the hope of achieving returns in excess of zero. Meanwhile, Wall Street, suffering from what J.K. Galbraith once called the âextreme brevity of the financial memory,â convinced itself yet again that the whole episode was built on something more solid than quotes on a screen and blotches of ink on paper..
..greater real economic activity was never the likely outcome of all this quantitative easing (indeed, one can show that the path of the economy since the crisis has not been materially different than what one could have projected using wholly non-monetary variables). Rather, Ben Bernanke, in his self-appointed role as Mad Hatter, was convinced that offensively hypervalued financial markets - that encourage the speculative misallocation of capital, imply dismal expected future returns, and create temporary paper profits that ultimately collapse - somehow represent a greater and more desirable form of âwealthâ compared with reasonably-valued financial markets that offer attractive expected returns and help to soundly allocate capital. Believing that wealth is embodied by the price of a security rather than its future stream of cash flows, QE has created a world of hypervaluation, zero prospective future returns, and massive downside risks across nearly every conventional asset class.
And so, the Fed created such an enormous pool of zero interest bank reserves that investors would feel pressure to chase stocks, junk debt, anything to get rid of these yield-free hot potatoes. That didnât stimulate more real, productive investment; it just created more investors who were frustrated with zero returns, because someone had to hold that base money, and in aggregate, all of them had to hold over $4 trillion of the stuff at every moment in time.
When you look objectively at what the Fed actually did, should be obvious how its actions encouraged this bubble. Every time someone would get rid of zero-interest base money by buying a riskier security, the seller would get the base money, and the cycle would continue until every asset was priced to deliver future returns near zero. Weâre now at the point where junk yields are among the lowest in history, stock market valuations are so extreme that we estimate zero or negative S&P 500 average annual nominal total returns over the coming 10-12 year horizon, and our estimate of 12-year prospective total returns on a conventional mix of 60% stocks, 30% Treasury bonds, and 10% Treasury bills has never been lower (about 1% annually here). This whole episode is likely to end so badly that future children will learn about it in school and shake their heads in wonder at the rank stupidity of it all, just like many of us did when we learned about the Dutch Tulip mania.
Examine all risk exposures, consider your investment horizon and risk-tolerance carefully, commit to the flexibility toward greater market exposure at points where a material retreat in valuations is joined by early improvement in market action (even if the news happens to be very negative at that point), fasten your protective gear, and expect a little bit of whiplash. Remember that the âcatalystsâ often become evident after prices move, not before. The completion of this market cycle may or may not be immediate, but with the median stock at easily the most extreme price/revenue ratio in history, and a run-of-the-mill outcome now being market loss on the order of -60%, the contrast between recent stability and likely future volatility could hardly be more striking.'
'..But after a decade of unprecedented expansion of government debt and central bank Credit, the stage has now been set for a more systemic 1929-like financial dislocation.'
'June 27 â Reuters (William Schomberg, Marc Jones, Jason Lange and Lindsay Dunsmuir): âU.S. Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen said on Tuesday that she does not believe that there will be another financial crisis for at least as long as she lives, thanks largely to reforms of the banking system since the 2007-09 crash. âWould I say there will never, ever be another financial crisis?â Yellen saidâ¦ âYou know probably that would be going too far but I do think we're much safer and I hope that it will not be in our lifetimes and I don't believe it will be,â she said.â
While headlines somewhat paraphrased Yellenâs actual comment, âWe Will not see Another Crisis in Our Lifetimeâ is reminiscent of Irving Fisherâs âpermanent plateauâ just weeks before the great crash of 1929. While on the subject, I never bought into the popular comparison between 2008 and 1929 â and the related notion of 2008 as âthe 100-year floodâ. The 2008/09 crisis was for the most part a private debt crisis associated with the bursting of a Bubble in mortgage Credit â not dissimilar to previous serial global crises, only larger and somewhat more systemic. It was not, however, a deeply systemic debt crisis akin to the aftermath of 1929, which was characterized by a crisis of confidence in the banking system, the markets and finance more generally, along with a loss of faith in government policy and institutions. But after a decade of unprecedented expansion of government debt and central bank Credit, the stage has now been set for a more systemic 1929-like financial dislocation.
As such, itâs ironic that the Fed has branded the banking system cured and so well capitalized that bankers can now boost dividends, buybacks and, presumably, risk-taking. As conventional central bank thinking goes, a well-capitalized banking system provides a powerful buffer for thwarting the winds of financial crisis. Chair Yellen, apparently, surveys current bank capital levels and extrapolates to systemic stability. Yet the next crisis lurks not with the banks but within the securities and derivatives markets: too much leverage and too much âmoneyâ employed in trend-following trading strategies. Too much hedging, speculating and leveraging in derivatives. Market misperceptions and distortions on an epic scale.
Compared to 2008, the leveraged speculating community and the ETF complex are significantly larger and potentially perilous. The derivatives markets are these days acutely more vulnerable to liquidity issues and dislocation. Never have global markets been so dominated by trend-following strategies. Itâs a serious issue that asset market performance â stocks, bond, corporate Credit, EM, real estate, etc. â have all become so tightly correlated. There are huge vulnerabilities associated with various markets having become so highly synchronized on a global basis. And in the grand scheme of grossly inflated global securities, asset and derivatives markets, the scope of available bank capital is trivial.
I realize that, at this late stage of the great bull market, such a question sounds hopelessly disconnected. Yet, when markets reverse sharply lower and The Crowd suddenly moves to de-risk, who is left to take the other side of what has become One Gargantuan âTradeâ? Weâre all familiar with the pat response: âCentral banks. Theyâll have no choice.â Okay, but Iâm more interested in the timing and circumstances.
Central bankers are now signaling their desire to proceed with normalization, along with noting concerns for elevated asset prices. As such, I suspect they will be somewhat more circumspect going forward when it comes to backstopping the markets - than, say, back in 2013 with Bernankeâs âflash crashâ or with the China scare of early-2016. Perhaps this might help to explain why the VIX spiked above 15 during Thursday afternoon trading. Even corporate debt markets showed a flash of vulnerability this week.'
'..My greatest concern is the lack of public awareness about this existential threat, the absence of a vigorous public debate about the nuclear-war plans of Russia and the United States, the silent consent to the roughly fifteen thousand nuclear weapons in the world. These machines have been carefully and ingeniously designed to kill us. Complacency increases the odds that, some day, they will. The âTitanic Effectâ is a term used by software designers to explain how things can quietly go wrong in a complex technological system: the safer you assume the system to be, the more dangerous it is becoming.'
'The harsh rhetoric on both sides increases the danger of miscalculations and mistakes, as do other factors. Close encounters between the military aircraft of the United States and Russia have become routine, creating the potential for an unintended conflict. Many of the nuclear-weapon systems on both sides are aging and obsolete. The personnel who operate those systems often suffer from poor morale and poor training. None of their senior officers has firsthand experience making decisions during an actual nuclear crisis. And todayâs command-and-control systems must contend with threats that barely existed during the Cold War: malware, spyware, worms, bugs, viruses, corrupted firmware, logic bombs, Trojan horses, and all the other modern tools of cyber warfare. The greatest danger is posed not by any technological innovation but by a dilemma that has haunted nuclear strategy since the first detonation of an atomic bomb: How do you prevent a nuclear attack while preserving the ability to launch one?
..the Cuban Missile Crisis, when a series of misperceptions, miscalculations, and command-and-control problems almost started an accidental nuclear warâdespite the determination of both John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev to avoid one. In perhaps the most dangerous incident, the captain of a Soviet submarine mistakenly believed that his vessel was under attack by U.S. warships and ordered the firing of a torpedo armed with a nuclear warhead. His order was blocked by a fellow officer. Had the torpedo been fired, the United States would have retaliated with nuclear weapons. At the height of the crisis, while leaving the White House on a beautiful fall evening, McNamara had a strong feeling of dreadâand for good reason: âI feared I might never live to see another Saturday night.â
The personnel who command, operate, and maintain the Minuteman III have also become grounds for concern. In 2013, the two-star general in charge of the entire Minuteman force was removed from duty after going on a drunken bender during a visit to Russia, behaving inappropriately with young Russian women, asking repeatedly if he could sing with a Beatles cover band at a Mexican restaurant in Moscow, and insulting his military hosts. The following year, almost a hundred Minuteman launch officers were disciplined for cheating on their proficiency exams. In 2015, three launch officers at Malmstrom Air Force Base, in Montana, were dismissed for using illegal drugs, including ecstasy, cocaine, and amphetamines. That same year, a launch officer at Minot Air Force Base, in North Dakota, was sentenced to twenty-five years in prison for heading a violent street gang, distributing drugs, sexually assaulting a girl under the age of sixteen, and using psilocybin, a powerful hallucinogen. As the job title implies, launch officers are entrusted with the keys for launching intercontinental ballistic missiles.
..A recent memoir, âUncommon Cause,â written by General George Lee Butler, reveals that the Pentagon was not telling the truth. Butler was the head of the U.S. Strategic Command, responsible for all of Americaâs nuclear weapons, during the Administration of President George H. W. Bush.
According to Butler and Franklin Miller, a former director of strategic-forces policy at the Pentagon, launch-on-warning was an essential part of the Single Integrated Operational Plan (siop), the nationâs nuclear-war plan. Land-based missiles like the Minuteman III were aimed at some of the most important targets in the Soviet Union, including its anti-aircraft sites. If the Minuteman missiles were destroyed before liftoff, the siop would go awry, and American bombers might be shot down before reaching their targets. In order to prevail in a nuclear war, the siop had become dependent on getting Minuteman missiles off the ground immediately. Butlerâs immersion in the details of the nuclear command-and-control system left him dismayed. âWith the possible exception of the Soviet nuclear war plan, [the siop] was the single most absurd and irresponsible document I had ever reviewed in my life,â Butler concluded. âWe escaped the Cold War without a nuclear holocaust by some combination of skill, luck, and divine intervention, and I suspect the latter in greatest proportion.â The siop called for the destruction of twelve thousand targets within the Soviet Union. Moscow would be struck by four hundred nuclear weapons; Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, by about forty.
After the end of the Cold War, a Russian surprise attack became extremely unlikely. Nevertheless, hundreds of Minuteman III missiles remained on alert. The Cold War strategy endured because, in theory, it deterred a Russian attack on the missiles. McNamara called the policy âinsane,â arguing that âthereâs no military requirement for it.â George W. Bush, while running for President in 2000, criticized launch-on-warning, citing the âunacceptable risks of accidental or unauthorized launch.â Barack Obama, while running for President in 2008, promised to take Minuteman missiles off alert, warning that policies like launch-on-warning âincrease the risk of catastrophic accidents or miscalculation.â Twenty scientists who have won the Nobel Prize, as well as the Union of Concerned Scientists, have expressed strong opposition to retaining a launch-on-warning capability. It has also been opposed by former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of State George Shultz, and former Senator Sam Nunn. And yet the Minuteman III missiles still sit in their silos today, armed with warheads, ready to go.
William J. Perry, who served as Secretary of Defense during the Clinton Administration, not only opposes keeping Minuteman III missiles on alert but advocates getting rid of them entirely. âThese missiles are some of the most dangerous weapons in the world,â Perry wrote in the Times, this September. For many reasons, he thinks the risk of a nuclear catastrophe is greater today than it was during the Cold War. While serving as an Under-Secretary of Defense in 1980, Perry also received a late-night call about an impending Soviet attack, a false alarm that still haunts him. âA catastrophic nuclear war could have started by accident.â
Bruce Blair, a former Minuteman launch officer, heads the anti-nuclear group Global Zero, teaches at Princeton University, and campaigns against a launch-on-warning policy. Blair has described the stresses that the warning of a Russian attack would put on Americaâs command-and-control system. American early-warning satellites would detect Russian missiles within three minutes of their launch. Officers at norad would confer for an additional three minutes, checking sensors to decide if an attack was actually occurring. The Integrated Tactical Warning/Attack System collects data from at least two independent information sources, relying on different physical principles, such as ground-based radar and satellite-based infrared sensors. If the norad officials thought that the warning was legitimate, the President of the United States would be contacted. He or she would remove the Black Book from a briefcase carried by a military aide. The Black Book describes nuclear retaliatory options, presented in cartoon-like illustrations that can be quickly understood.
Although the Air Force publicly dismissed the threat of a cyberattack on the nuclear command-and-control system, the incident raised alarm within the Pentagon about the systemâs vulnerability. A malfunction that occurred by accident might also be caused deliberately. Those concerns were reinforced by a Defense Science Board report in January, 2013. It found that the Pentagonâs computer networks had been âbuilt on inherently insecure architectures that are composed of, and increasingly using, foreign parts.â Red teams employed by the board were able to disrupt Pentagon systems with ârelative ease,â using tools available on the Internet. âThe complexity of modern software and hardware makes it difficult, if not impossible, to develop components without flaws or to detect malicious insertions,â the report concluded.
In a recent paper for the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies, Andrew Futter, an associate professor at the University of Leicester, suggested that a nuclear command-and-control system might be hacked to gather intelligence about the system, to shut down the system, to spoof it, mislead it, or cause it to take some sort of actionâlike launching a missile. And, he wrote, there are a variety of ways it might be done.
Strict precautions have been taken to thwart a cyberattack on the U.S. nuclear command-and-control system. Every line of nuclear code has been scrutinized for errors and bugs. The system is âair-gapped,â meaning that its networks are closed: someone canât just go onto the Internet and tap into a computer at a Minuteman III control center. At least, thatâs the theory. Russia, China, and North Korea have sophisticated cyber-warfare programs and techniques. General James Cartwrightâthe former head of the U.S. Strategic Command who recently pleaded guilty to leaking information about Stuxnetâthinks that itâs reasonable to believe the system has already been penetrated. âYouâve either been hacked, and youâre not admitting it, or youâre being hacked and donât know it,â Cartwright said last year.
If communications between Minuteman control centers and their missiles are interrupted, the missiles can still be launched by ultra-high-frequency radio signals transmitted by special military aircraft. The ability to launch missiles by radio serves as a backup to the control centersâand also creates an entry point into the network that could be exploited in a cyberattack. The messages sent within the nuclear command-and-control system are highly encrypted. Launch codes are split in two, and no single person is allowed to know both parts. But the complete code is stored in computersâwhere it could be obtained or corrupted by an insider.
Some of Americaâs most secret secrets were recently hacked and stolen by a couple of private contractors working inside the N.S.A., Edward Snowden and Harold T. Martin III, both employees of Booz Allen Hamilton. The N.S.A. is responsible for generating and encrypting the nuclear launch codes. And the security of the nuclear command-and-control system is being assured not only by government officials but also by the employees of private firms, including software engineers who work for Boeing, Amazon, and Microsoft.
Lord Des Browne, a former U.K. Minister of Defense, is concerned that even ballistic-missile submarines may be compromised by malware. Browne is now the vice-chairman of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit seeking to reduce the danger posed by weapons of mass destruction, where he heads a task force examining the risk of cyberattacks on nuclear command-and-control systems. Browne thinks that the cyber threat is being cavalierly dismissed by many in power. The Royal Navyâs decision to save money by using Windows for Submarines, a version of Windows XP, as the operating system for its ballistic-missile subs seems especially shortsighted. Windows XP was discontinued six years ago, and Microsoft warned that any computer running it after April, 2014, âshould not be considered protected as there will be no security updates.â Each of the U.K. subs has eight missiles carrying a total of forty nuclear weapons. âIt is shocking to think that my home computer is probably running a newer version of Windows than the U.K.âs military submarines,â Brown said.In 2013, General C. Robert Kehler, the head of the U.S. Strategic Command, testified before the Senate Armed Services Committee about the risk of cyberattacks on the nuclear command-and-control system. He expressed confidence that the U.S. system was secure. When Senator Bill Nelson asked if somebody could hack into the Russian or Chinese systems and launch a ballistic missile carrying a nuclear warhead, Kehler replied, âSenator, I donât know . . . I do not know.â
After the debacle of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Soviet Union became much more reluctant to provoke a nuclear confrontation with the United States. Its politburo was a committee of conservative old men. Russiaâs leadership is quite different today. The current mix of nationalism, xenophobia, and vehement anti-Americanism in Moscow is a far cry from the more staid and secular ideology guiding the Soviet Union in the nineteen-eighties. During the past few years, threats about the use of nuclear weapons have become commonplace in Moscow. Dmitry Kiselyov, a popular newscaster and the Kremlinâs leading propagandist, reminded viewers in 2014 that Russia is âthe only country in the world capable of turning the U.S.A. into radioactive dust.â The Kremlin has acknowledged the development of a nuclear torpedo that can travel more than six thousand miles underwater before devastating a coastal city. It has also boasted about a fearsome new missile design. Nicknamed âSatan 2â and deployed with up to sixteen nuclear warheads, the missile will be âcapable of wiping out parts of the earth the size of Texas or France,â an official news agency claimed.
Russiaâs greatest strategic vulnerability is the lack of a sophisticated and effective early-warning system. The Soviet Union had almost a dozen satellites in orbit that could detect a large-scale American attack. The system began to deteriorate in 1996, when an early-warning satellite had to be retired. Others soon fell out of orbit, and Russiaâs last functional early-warning satellite went out of service two years ago. Until a new network of satellites can be placed in orbit, the country must depend on ground-based radar units. Unlike the United States, Russia no longer has two separate means of validating an attack warning. At best, the radar units can spot warheads only minutes before they land. Pavel Podvig, a senior fellow at the U.N. Institute for Disarmament Research, believes that Russia does not have a launch-on-warning policyâbecause its early-warning system is so limited.
For the past nine years, Iâve been immersed in the minutiae of nuclear command and control, trying to understand the actual level of risk. Of all the people whom Iâve met in the nuclear realm, Sidney Drell was one of the most brilliant and impressive. Drell died this week, at the age of ninety. A theoretical physicist with expertise in quantum field theory and quantum chromodynamics, he was for many years the deputy director of the Stanford Linear Accelerator and received the National Medal of Science from Obama, in 2013. Drell was one of the founding members of jasonâa group of civilian scientists that advises the government on important technological mattersâand for fifty-six years possessed a Q clearance, granting him access to the highest level of classified information. Drell participated in top-secret discussions about nuclear strategy for decades, headed a panel that investigated nuclear-weapon safety for the U.S. Congress in 1990, and worked on technical issues for jason until the end of his life. A few months ago, when I asked for his opinion about launch-on-warning, Drell said, âItâs insane, the worst thing I can think of. You canât have a worse idea.â
Drell was an undergraduate at Princeton University when Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed. Given all the close calls and mistakes in the seventy-one years since then, he considered it a miracle that no other cities have been destroyed by a nuclear weaponââit is so far beyond my normal optimism.â The prospect of a new cold warâand the return of military strategies that advocate using nuclear weapons on the battlefieldâdeeply unnerved him. Once the first nuclear weapon detonates, nothing might prevent the conflict from spiralling out of control. âWe have no experience in stopping a nuclear war,â he said.
Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin confront a stark choice: begin another nuclear-arms race or reduce the threat of nuclear war. Trump now has a unique opportunity to pursue the latter, despite the bluster and posturing on both sides. His admiration for Putin, regardless of its merits, could provide the basis for meaningful discussions about how to minimize nuclear risks. Last year, General James Mattis, the former Marine chosen by Trump to serve as Secretary of Defense, called for a fundamental reappraisal of American nuclear strategy and questioned the need for land-based missiles. During Senate testimony, Mattis suggested that getting rid of such missiles would âreduce the false-alarm danger.â Contrary to expectations, Republican Presidents have proved much more successful than their Democratic counterparts at nuclear disarmament. President George H. W. Bush cut the size of the American arsenal in half, as did his son, President George W. Bush. And President Ronald Reagan came close to negotiating a treaty with the Soviet Union that would have completely abolished nuclear weapons.
Every technology embodies the values of the age in which it was created. When the atomic bomb was being developed in the mid-nineteen-forties, the destruction of cities and the deliberate targeting of civilians was just another military tactic. It was championed as a means to victory. The Geneva Conventions later classified those practices as war crimesâand yet nuclear weapons have no other real use. They threaten and endanger noncombatants for the sake of deterrence. Conventional weapons can now be employed to destroy every kind of military target, and twenty-first-century warfare puts an emphasis on precision strikes, cyberweapons, and minimizing civilian casualties. As a technology, nuclear weapons have become obsolete. What worries me most isnât the possibility of a cyberattack, a technical glitch, or a misunderstanding starting a nuclear war sometime next week. My greatest concern is the lack of public awareness about this existential threat, the absence of a vigorous public debate about the nuclear-war plans of Russia and the United States, the silent consent to the roughly fifteen thousand nuclear weapons in the world. These machines have been carefully and ingeniously designed to kill us. Complacency increases the odds that, some day, they will. The âTitanic Effectâ is a term used by software designers to explain how things can quietly go wrong in a complex technological system: the safer you assume the system to be, the more dangerous it is becoming.'
'Every once in a while, even The Economist gets it right. In a review of an intellectual biography of Marx (Karl Marx: Greatness and Illusion), published this past fall, they argue that âthe myth is more impressive than the realityâ. Echoing, in fact, several arguments from the bookâwritten, surprisingly enough, by a scholar with Marxist leaningsâ, they point out how out of step Marx was with the theoretical developments of 19th century economics, and how dense and often nonsensical his writings were.
As refreshing as it may be, this perspective on Marx is hardly a new one. We know that throughout his work, Ludwig von Mises has exploded many of the fallacies of the Marxist school of thought, particularly those concerning the workings of a socialist system and the idea of class struggle. But Mises had, in several of his publications, also criticized the myth of Marx, pointing out inconsistencies and errors in his research, as well as criticizing his writing style.
Even if it will take a long time to dismantle the Marxist myth, Iâd like to think that it will be Misesâs view of the world that will prevail.'
'..Karl Marx .. the myth is more impressive than the reality.'
'COMMUNISM collapsed nearly 30 years ago, but the influence of Karl Marx lives on. Marxist approaches are found in some of the most interesting history and sociology being published today. Marxâs works, including âThe Communist Manifestoâ, written with Friedrich Engels in 1848, may have had more impact on the modern world than many suppose. Of the manifestoâs ten principal demands, perhaps four have been met in many rich countries, including âfree education for all children in public schoolsâ and a âprogressive or graduated income taxâ.
The overriding impression from this book is that Marxâs reputation (at least in some quarters) as an unrivalled economist-philosopher is wide of the mark. Marx had planned to write âCapitalâ in multiple volumes. He finished the first. But when it came to writing the second, on realising that he would face insurmountable intellectual hurdles, he pleaded illness (though seemed quite able to do other sorts of research). âKarlâ was in the thick of the intellectual developments of the 19th century. But the myth is more impressive than the reality.'
In 2009, Khoi Pham co-foundedÂ Bella CommunitiesÂ to address low-income housing issues and resident supportive services. Today, Bella Communities is harnessing the energy of thousands of community leaders, affordable housing owners, neighbors, nonprofits, resident volunteers, and professionals to offer a meaningful livelihood to their low-income housing tenants. Â In addition to providing affordable housing, Bellaâs signature program aims to mobilize low-income residents with an economic-opportunity modeled volunteering program. This programs enables residents to engage with other nonprofits, building civic engagement and social capital; improving career and personal skills; and earning rent credits to have financial capability and housing stability. Through this innovative âvolunteer-shipâ training program, they seek to help families ânot just get by but also get ahead.âÂ
What was the key to their success? We sat down with Khoi to hear exactly how they utilized technology and Google Apps for Nonprofits to achieve their goals.
Which role does technology play in Bella Communities?
Khoi: Itâs critical! Technology allows us to communicate with our constituencies efficiently and cost-effectively which is vital for us. We want to empower our low-income residents with the tools needed to achieve economic development. With Google Apps for Nonprofits, weâve built our own technology platform serving this objective. We have been able to switch from a desktop, web-based platform to a smart-phone mobile application, increasing engagement and participation from our residents using Google Forms. Most of them have skipped desktop to go mobile first!
Do you think technology has changed the way you work?
Khoi: Absolutely. It allowed us to operate in multiple states, virtually and real time! Communication, collection, and sharing data became seamless and effortless, which is fundamental to keeping pace.
Also Google Apps for Nonprofits has allowed us access to technology without heavy IT costs in order to preserve limited start-up resources and marshal them effectively. Google tools are all cloud-based and do not require us to build an internal IT infrastructure, which has enabled quick adaptability and flexibility to change. I have been amazed by the intuitiveness of the tools and how easily they integrate with one another!
Can you tell us more about your homemade program âResident Volunteership United Programâ?
Khoi: A study by the Corporation for National and Community Service showed that volunteers have a 27% greater chance Â of finding a job after being out of work than non-volunteers? That is precisely why Bella Communities designed and tested an innovative supportive service program to simultaneously tackle both financial empowerment and civic engagement mobilization. Â The Resident Volunteership United Program (ReV-UP) engages residents living in low-income communities to volunteer with other non-profit organizations in the immediate neighborhood to build community and economic development..
Google Apps was vital to the deployment of this program â we never wouldâve been able to do it without that! It allowed us to manage workflow, and most importantly, it allowed us to gather, collect, and share data to build a case for supporting our program.
How are you measuring the success of this program?
Khoi: Using Google Forms and Google Drive, our low-income residents can easily manage their volunteer records online, as well as share and report their activities to the program managers. For the program pilot years, they contributed nearly 3,500 volunteer hours to their communities and generated earned approximately $21,000 in rent credits for their households.
Want to traverse the IT curve without the huge dollar investments? Find out how your nonprofit can better utilize technology with Google Apps for Nonprofits.
To see if your nonprofit is eligible to participate in the nonprofit programs, review the Google for Nonprofits eligibility guidelines. Google for Nonprofits offers organizations like yours free access to Google tools like Gmail, Google Calendar, Google Drive, Google Ad Grants, YouTube for Nonprofits and more. These tools can help you reach new donors and volunteers, work more efficiently, and tell your nonprofitâs story. Learn more and enroll here.
Bella Communitiesâ statements are made in connection with receiving free products as a participant in Google for Nonprofits, a program which provides free Google products to qualified nonprofits.
Chiedere agli amici, in rete o consultare gli elenchi delle associazioni locali gluten-free Ã¨ un ottimo sistema per capire quali opzioni senza glutine sono disponibili nelle varie capitali europee, ma automatizzare questo tipo di ricerca permette di; guadagnare molto tempo di scoprire delle vere e proprie “opportunitÃ culinarie” nascoste di scoprire posti senza glutine non […]
BOONE, Daniel, pioneer, born in Berks County, Pennsylvania, 22 October, 1734 (For more on Daniel Boone's birthplace please visit his Homestead); died in Missouri, 26 Sept., 1820. Among the immigrants that landed, 10 Oct., 1717, at Philadelphia was George Boone, of Exeter, England, who came with his wife and eleven children, bought land near Bristol, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, and joined the society of Friends. His son, Squire Boone, married Sarah Morgan, and Daniel was their son. Squire Boone, who was a farmer, moved, about 1748, to Holman's Ford, on the Yadkin, in North Carolina.
Daniel's education was very limited; he could read and write, but beyond that all he knew related to the fields, the woods, the net, the rifle, and hunting. He was a hunter born, and loved the solitude of the forest. Strong, brave, lithe, inured to hardship and privation, he traced his steps through the pathless forest, sought out the hiding places of panther, bear, and wolf, and was the match of any Indian in the sagacity with which he detected the footsteps of the red man. About 1755 he married Rebecca Bryan and set up his own log cabin, but, displeased with the encroachments of civilization on his solitude, and incited by the glowing accounts brought by John Finley, who had penetrated into the unknown regions of Kentucky, formed a company of six kindred spirits, and, bidding adieu to his family and the comforts of home, on 1 May, 1769, set out on his perilous journey of exploration.
First United American Republic:United Colonies of North America: 13 British Colonies United in Congress was founded by 12 colonies on September 5th, 1774 (Georgia joined in 1775) and governed through a British Colonial Continental Congress.Peyton Randolph and George Washington served, respectively, as the Republic's first President and Commander-in-Chief;
Second United American Republic:The United States of America: 13 Independent States United in Congress was founded by 12 states on July 2nd, 1776 (New York abstained until July 8th), and governed through the United StatesContinental Congress. John Hancock and George Washington served, respectively, as the Republic's first President and Commander-in-Chief;
Fourth United American Republic:The United States of America: We the People was formed by 11 states on March 4th, 1789 (North Carolina and Rhode Island joined in November 1789 and May 1790, respectively), with the enactment of the U.S. Constitution of 1787. The fourth and current United States Republic governs through the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate in Congress Assembled, the U.S. President and Commander-in-Chief, and the U.S. Supreme Court. George Washingtonserved as the Republic's first President and Commander-in-Chief.
After numerous adventures with the Indians, having become intimately acquainted with the character of the country, established an enviable reputation for sagacity and integrity on important frontier service assigned to him by Lord Dunmore in the campaign against the Indians, usually called "Lord Dunmore's War," and constructed a strong fort on the left bank of Kentucky river, which he named "Boonesborough," he determined to bring his wife and family to the new home. Some of his neighbors joined him, and he conducted the party, numbering upward of thirty, safely to "Boonesborough" without having encountered any other difficulties than such as are common to this passage.
Daniel Boone founded Boonesborough while he worked for Richard Henderson of the Transylvania Company.
On one occasion Boone, with an armed party of thirty men, had gone for a supply of salt to a place called "Salt Licks," nearly 100 miles north of Boonesborough, and was captured, with twenty-seven of his men, by a band of more than 100 Indian warriors led by two Frenchmen.
They carried them first to Old Chillicothe, on the Miami, and then to Detroit, where they surrendered for a ransom all their prisoners except Boone; him they took back to Old Chillicothe, where the great Blackfish, a renowned Shawanese chief, adopted him into his family under an imposing but painful ceremonial; all his hair, except a tuft three or four inches in diameter on the crown of the head, was plucked out; that tuft was allowed to grow to the length of the "warlock," dressed with feathers and ribbons; an ablution in the river was supposed to cleanse him from the taint of white blood; a coat of paint on his face, and a solemn charge from Blackfish, completed the rite.
After a prolonged and anxious residence among them, during which he was kindly treated, he discovered their intention of marching upon Boonesborough, and resolved, at the peril of certain death in the event of recapture, to attempt his escape and save his family and friends. Chased by 450 Indians, he performed that daring feat in the forty-third year of his age, and thus simply records it: "On the 16th [of June], before sunrise, I departed in the most secret manner, and arrived at Boonesborough on the 20th, after a journey of 160 miles, during which I had but one meal." At the fort he learned that his wife and children, despairing of ever seeing him again, had returned, and safely reached her father's home in North Carolina. The Indians assailed the fort, but were repelled with loss, and retreated. Boone then, in the autumn of 1778, rejoined his family on the Yadkin, and returned with them to Kentucky in 1780.
The country, though well settled, was still unsafe, and, soon after his return, Boone and his brother, Squire, were surprised by Indians; Squire was killed and scalped, and Daniel had a narrow escape. A sanguinary engagement, called the "Battle of the Blue Licks," took place in 1782, in which Boone's two sons fought at his side. One of them was killed, and the other severely wounded. Boone was full of expedients, and on one occasion extricated himself from four armed Indians by blinding them with tobacco dust. Kentucky was admitted into the union, 4 Feb., 1791, and in the survey of the state the title to Boone's land was disputed. The case was decided against him, and, stung to the quick by the wrong, he had again to seek a new home, which he established at Point Pleasant, between the Ohio and the Great Kanawha; but in 1795 he removed to Missouri, then a Spanish possession, and received not only the appointment of commandant of the Femme Osage district, but a grant of 8,000 acres. The Spanish possessions passed into the hands of Napoleon, who sold them to the United States, and, in the survey that followed, the Spanish grant of Boone's lands was pronounced invalid. An appeal to the legislature of Kentucky, and another to congress, resulted in a grant by the latter of 850 acres. Boone was then seventy-five years of age, hale and strong. The charm of the hunter's life clung to him to the last, and in his eighty-second year he went on a hunting excursion to the mouth of Kansas river. He had made his own coffin and kept it under his bed, and after his death they laid him in it to rest by the side of his wife, who had passed away seven years before.
On 13 Sept., 1845, their remains were removed to the cemetery near Frankfort, Kentucky, a few miles from the fort of Boonesborough, by the concurrent action of the citizens of Frankfort and the legislature of Kentucky.
Cemetery in Frankfort, Kentucky where Daniel and Rebecca Bryan Boone were re-interred
An American biographical and historical dictionary Containing an account of the lives, characters, and writings of the most eminent persons in North America from its first settlement, and a summary of the history of the several colonies and of the United States. By: W. Hyde, 1832.
BOONE, Daniel, colonel, one of the first settlers of Kentucky, was born about 1730. While he was young, his parents, who came from Bridgeworth,England removed from Pennsylvania or Virginia to the Yadkin river in North Carolina.
He was early addicted to hunting in the woods; in the militia he attained to the rank of colonel. In 1769, in consequence of the representation of John Finley, who had penetrated into the wilderness of Kentucky, he was induced to accompany him in a journey to that country. He had four other companions, John Stuart, Joseph Holden, James Money, and William Cool, with whom he set out May 1. On the 7th of June they arrived at the Red river, a branch of the Kentucky; and here from the top of a hill they had a view of the fertile plain's, of which they were in pursuit. They encamped and remained in this place till Dec. 22, when Boone and Stuart were captured by the Indians near Kentucky river. In about a week they made their escape; but on returning to their camp, they found it plundered and deserted by their companions, who had gone back to Carolina.
Stuart was soon killed by the Indians; but Boone being joined by his brother, they remained and prosecuted the business of hunting during the winter, without further molestation. His brother going home for supplies in May 1770, he remained alone in the deep solitude of the western wilderness until his return with ammunition & horses July 27th. During this period this wild man of the woods, though greeted every night with the howlings of wolves, was delighted in his excursions with the survey of the beauties of the country and found greater pleasure in the solitude of wild nature, than he could have found amid the hum of the most elegant city. With his brother he traversed the country to Cumberland river. It was not until March 1771, that he returned to his family, resolved to conduct them to the paradise, which he had explored.
Students and Teachers of US History this is a video of Stanley and Christopher Klos presenting America's Four United Republics Curriculum at the University of Pennsylvania's Wharton School. The December 2015 video was an impromptu capture by a member of the audience of Penn students, professors and guests that numbered about 200. - Click Here for more information
Having sold his farm, he set out with his own and 5 other families, Sept. 25,1773, and was joined in Powell's valley by 40 men. After passing over two mountains, called Powell's and Walden's, through which, as they ranged from the north east to the south west, passes were found, and approaching the Cumberland, the rear of the company was attacked by the Indians on the 10th of October, when six men were killed, among whom was the eldest son of colonel Boone. One man was also wounded, and the cattle were scattered. This disaster induced them to retreat about 40 miles to the settlement on Clinch River, where he remained with his family, until June 6,1774, when, at the request of gov. Dunmore, he conducted a number of surveyors to the falls of Ohio. On this tour of 800 miles he was absent two months. After this he was entrusted by the governor, during the campaign against the Shawanese, with the command of three forts.
Early in 1775, at the request of a company in North Carolina, he attended a treaty with the Cherokee Indians at Wataga in order to make of them the purchase of lands on the south side of the Tennessee river. After performing this service, he was employed to mark out a road from the settlements on the Holston to the Kentucky river. While thus employed, at the distance of about 15 miles from what is now Boonesborough, the party was attacked March 20, and 23, 1775 by the Indians, who killed four and wounded five. Another man was killed in April. On the first day of this month at a salt lick, on the southern bank of the Kentucky,in what is now Boonesborough a few miles from Lexington, he began to erect a fort, consisting of a block house & several cabins, enclosed with palisades. On the 14th of June he returned to his family in order to remove them to the tort.. His wife and daughters were the first white women, who stood on the banks of the Kentucky river. Dec. 24th one man was killed and another wounded. July 14, 1776, when all the settlements were attacked, two of Colonel Calway's daughters and one of his own were taken prisoners; Boone pursued with 18 men and in two days overtook the Indians, killed two of them, and recovered the captives.
The Indians made repeated attacks upon Boonesborough; Nov. 15,1777 with 100 men, and July 4 with 200 men. On both sides several were killed and wounded; but the enemy were repulsed; as they were also July 19 from Logan's fort of 15 men, which was besieged by 200. The arrival of 25 men from Carolina and in August of 100 from Virginia gave a new aspect to affairs, and taught the savages the superiority of "the long knives," as they called the Virginians. Jan. 1, 1778 he went with 30 men to the blue licks on the Licking river to make salt for the garrison. Feb. 7, being alone, he was captured by a party of 102 Indians and 2 Frenchmen; he capitulated for his men, and they were all carried to Chillicothe on the Little Miami, whence he and 10 men were conducted to Detroit, where he arrived March 30. The governor, Hamilton, treated him with much humanity, and offered 1001, for his redemption. But the savages refused the offer from affection to their captive. Being carried back to Chillicothe in April, he was adopted as a son in an Indian family. He assumed the appearance of cheerfulness ; but his thoughts were on his wife and children. Aware of the envy of the Indians, he was careful not to exhibit his skill in shooting. In June he went to the salt springs on the Sciota. On his return to Chillicothe he ascertained, that 450 warriors were preparing to proceed against Boonesborough. He escaped June 16, and arrived at the fort June 20th, having travelled 160 miles in 4 days, with but one meal. His wife had returned to her father's. Great efforts were made to repair the fort in order to meet the expected attack. On August 1st, he went out with 19 men to surprise Point Creek town on the Sciota; meeting 30 Indians, he put them to flight and captured their baggage. At last, Aug. 8, the Indian army of 444 men, led by captain Dugnesne and 11 other Frenchmen, and their own chiefs, with British colors flying, summoned the fort to surrender.
The next day Boone, having a garrison of only 50 men, announced his resolution to defend the fort, while a man was alive. They then proposed that 9 men should be sent out 60 yards from the fort to enter into a treaty; and when the articles were agreed upon and signed, they said it was customary on such occasions, as a token of sincere friendship, for two Indians to shake every white man by the hand. Accordingly two Indians approached each of the nine white men, and grappled with the intent of making him a prisoner; but the object being perceived, the men broke away and re-entered the fort.
An attempt was now made to undermine it; but a counter trench defeated that purpose. Atlast on the 20th the enemy raised the siege, having lost 37 men. Of Boone's men two were killed and four wounded. "We picked, up," said he, "125 pounds of bullets, besides what stuck in the logs of our fort, which certainly is a great proof of their industry." In 1779, when Boone was absent, revisiting his family in Carolina, Colonel Bowman with 160 men fought the Shawanese Indians at old Chillicothe.
In his retreat the Indians pursued him for 30 miles, when in another engagement col. Harrod suggested the successful project of mounting a number of horses and breaking the Indian line. Of the Kentuckians 9 were killed. June 22nd,1780, about 600 Indians and Canadians under col. Bird attacked Riddle's and Martin's stations and the forks of Licking river with 6 pieces of artillery, and carried away all as captives. Gen. Clarke, commanding at the falls of Ohio, marched with his regiment and troops against Reccaway, the principal Shawanese town on a branch of the Miami, and burned the town, with the loss of 17 on each side.
About this time Boone returned to Kentucky with his family. In Oct. 1780, soon after he was settled again at Boonesborough, he went with his brother to the Blue Licks, and as they were returning the latter was slain by a party of Indians, and he was pursued by them by the aid of a dog. By shooting him Boone escaped. The severity of the ensuing winter was attended with great distress, the enemy having destroyed most of the corn. The people subsisted chiefly on buffalo's flesh. In May 1732 the Indians having killed a man at Ashton's station, captain A. pursued with 25 men, but in an attack upon' the enemy he was killed with 12 of his men. Aug. 10 two boys were carried off from major Hay's station. Capt. Holden pursued with 17 men; but he also was defeated, with the loss of four men. In a field near Lexington an Indian shot a man and running to scalp him, was him- self shot from the fort and fell dead upon his victim. On the 15th Aug. 500 Indians attacked Briant's station, five miles from Lexington,and destroyed all the cattle; but they were repulsed on the third day, having about 30 killed, while of the garrison 4 were killed and 3 wounded. Boone, with cols. Todd and Trigg and major Harland, collected 176 men and pursued on the 18th.
They overtook the enemy the next day a mile beyond the Blue Licks, about 40 miles from Lexington, at a remarkable bend of a branch of Licking river. A battle ensued, the enemy having a line formed across from one bend to the other, but the Kentuckians were defeated with the great loss of 60 killed, among whom were cols. Todd and Trigg, and Major Harland, and Boone's second son. Many were the widows made in Lexington on that fatal day. The Indians having 4 more killed, 4 of the prisoners were given up to the young warriors to be put to death in the most barbarous manner.
General Clarke, accompanied by Boone, immediately marched into the Indian country and desolated it, burning old Chillicothe, Peccaway, New Chillicothe, Willis town, and Chillicothe. With the loss of four men he took seven prisoners and five scalps, or killed five Indians. In October the Indians attacked Crab orchard. One of the Indians having entered a house, in which were a woman and a negro, and being thrown to the ground by the negro, the woman cut off his head. From this period to the peace with Great Britain the Indians did no harm. "Two darling sons and a brother," said Boone, "have I lost by savage hands, which have also taken from me 40 valuable horses and abundance of cattle. Many dark and sleepless nights have I spent, separated from the cheerful society of men, scorched by the summer's sun and pinched by the winter's cold, an instrument ordained to settle the wilderness."
From this period he resided in Kentucky and Virginia till 1798, when in consequence of an imperfect legal title to the lands, which he had settled, he found himself dispossessed of his property. In his indignation he fled from the delightful region, which he had explored, when a wilderness, and which now had a population of half a million. With his rifle he crossed the Ohio and plunged into the immense country of the Missouri In 1799 he settled on the Femme Osage river with numerous followers. In 1800 he discovered the Boone's Lick country, now a fine settlement: in the same year he visited the head waters of the Grand Osage river and spent the winter upon the head waters of the Arkansas. At the age of 80, in company with a white man and a black man, laid under strict injunctions to carry him back to his family, dead or alive, he made a hunting trip to the head waters of the Great Osage, and was successful in trapping beaver and other game.
In January 1812 he addressed a memorial to the legislature of Ky. stating that he owned not an acre of land in the region, which he first settled; that in 1794 he passed over into the Spanish province of Louisiana, under an assurance from the governor, who resided at St. Louis, that land should be given him; that accordingly 10 thousand acres were given him on the Missouri and he became Syndic or chief of the district of St. Charles; but that on the acquisition of Louisiana by the United States his claims were rejected by the commissioners of land, because he did not actually reside; and that thus at the age of 80 he was a wanderer, having no spot of his own, whereon to lay his bones.
The legislature instructed their delegates to congress to solicit a confirmation of this grant. He retained, it is believed, 2,000 In his old age he pursued his active course of life, trapping bears and hunting with his rifle. Though a magistrate and sometimes a member of the legislature of Virginia, and much engaged in agriculture; yet he preferred the solitude of the wilderness to the honors of civil office and the society of men.
He died at the house of his son, Major A. Boone, at Charette, Montgomery Company, September 26th, 1820, aged nearly 90 years. His wife died in the same place. He left sons and daughters in Missouri. In consequence of his death the legislature of Missouri voted to wear a badge of mourning for 20 days. A brother died in Mississippi Oct. 1808, aged 81.
Col. Boone was of common stature, of amiable disposition, and honorable integrity. In his last years he might have been seen by the traveler at the door of his house, with his rifle on his knee and his faithful dog at his side, lamenting the departed vigor of his limbs, and meditating on the scenes of his past life.
Whether he also meditated on the approaching scenes of eternity and his dim eyes ever kindled up with the glorious hopes of the christian is not mentioned in the accounts of him, which have been examined. But of all objects an irreligious old man, dead as to worldly joy and dead as to celestial hope, is the most pitiable. An account of his adventures, drawn up by himself, was published in Filson's supplement to Imlay's Description of the Western Territory, 1793.â Niles Register, March 13, 1813.
Capitals of the United States and Colonies of America
Dhaka: A militant who planned last year`s deadly terror attack in Dhaka and and carried arms for it was arrested in the country`s Natore district on Friday morning, the police said.
Abu Jara Rashed, who belongs to the banned Neo-JMB group and carried arms and grenades from Chapainawabganj district to Dhaka, was the key plotter of the Holey Artisan Bakery attack, in the posh Gulshan area, that left 22 persons, mostly foreigners, dead on July 1 last year, Dhaka Tribune reported.
Dhaka Police`s Counter Terrorism and Transnational Crime unit chief Monirul Islam said Rashed alias `Rash` is being brought to the capital for further interrogation.
"We`re bringing him to Dhaka. He will be taken to court and shown arrested in the Dhaka cafe attack case," he said.
According to the official, Rashed maintained close connections with many already arrested and killed cafe attack plotters.
The police have so far hunted down and killed 40 militants linked with the cafe attack, including mastermind Tamim Chowdhury, who was killed in a police raid on August 27 last year, Xinhua news agency reported.
Neo-JMB, an offshoot of banned militant outfit Jamaatul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB), has been blamed for the attack.
Whoâs Who Whatâs What In the World of CIA Fronts, Partners, Proprietaries & Contractors
The Almost Classified Guide to CIA Front Companies, Proprietaries & Contractors By WAYNE MADSEN ISBN: 978-1-365-11196-9
Cool Justice Editor's Note: Following are excerpts from author Madsen's introduction and the body of the work. Additional suggested reading: News story about Madsen's book via the Washington, D.C. based Justice Integrity Project [link at the bottom of this post].
From the Introduction
One of the most pervasive uses of companies as intelligence partners was under the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD. During the Cold War, the CIA, often with the approval of corporate executives, infiltrated their agents to work as journalists in newspapers, radio and television networks, wire services, and magazines. The following pages in this book are rife with examples of this penetration of the Fourth Estate â all too many in the opinion of this journalist. The CIA admitted to at least 400 journalists on the agencyâs payroll at the height of MOCKINGBIRD. The CIA traditionally understates its capabilities, especially when its covert activities become publicly known. Moreover, the end of the Cold War did not stop the practice of the CIA in infiltrating the media and slant news reports to its wishes.
An insightful look behind the veils of secrecy into the CIAâs use of fronts, proprietaries, and partners calls into question the purpose of the CIA. Created by President Harry S Truman to serve as a central collector and repository of intelligence, the CIA became much more than that. A few weeks after the United States witnessed the assassination of President Kennedy in the middle of downtown Dallas, Truman penned an op-ed piece that appeared in several newspapers around the country. In it, Truman shared his regret for having created the CIA in 1947:
âI think it has become necessary to take another look at the purpose and operations of our Central Intelligence AgencyâCIA . . . For some time I have been disturbed by the way CIA has been diverted from its original assignment. It has become an operational and at times a policy-making arm of the Government. This has led to trouble and may have compounded our difficulties in several explosive areas.
"I never had any thought that when I set up the CIA that it would be injected into peacetime cloak and dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment I think we have experienced are in part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role that it is being interpreted as a symbol of sinister and mysterious foreign intrigue.â
The 21st centuryâs CIAâs partners are more likely to be found among high-tech companies marketing the latest and greatest mobile applications and data mining programs than among banks, law offices, and advertising agencies. However, in the post-World War II era, the CIAâs top and middle echelons were normally found operating through cover as typewriter-pecking journalists, traveling Madison Avenue admen, corporate lawyers, and chain-smoking oilmen. In the 1970s and 80s, CIA contractors and partners began showing up in the high-tech field, with database, local area networking, and on-line information retrieval systems attracting the most interest by Langley.
Amazon, Inc. [CIA contractor]. Company provides cloud computing services for the CIA. Amazonâs CEO Jeff Bezos also owns The Washington Post.
American Historical Society. [CIA partner]. Many society officials were OSS/CIA officers.
American Press Institute. [CIA front]. Operating out of Columbia University, the instituteâs director in the 1950s was a CIA officer.
AmeriCares. [CIA partner]. A non-profit organization that is often the âfirst inâ at refugee situations. Founded by tycoon J. Peter Grace, a board chairman of the CIA front, the American Institute for Free Labor Development (AIFLD) and a trustee of another CIA front, the American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism, AmeriCares was involved in funding the Nicaraguan contras. The group has also provided the CIA with recruiting opportunities at mass refugee sites, particularly in Latin America and Asia.
Bechtel Corporation. [CIA contractor]. Bechtel is a large construction company that has included former CIA director Richard Helms, CIA pseudonym âFletcher M. Knight,â among its executive ranks. Bechtel was active in providing corporate cover for the OSS in the Middle East during World War II. Bechtel has been a consummate service company for various CIA operations, including support for the CIA-inspired coup against the Syrian government in 1949, the Iranian government of Prime Minister Mohamed Mossadeq in 1953, and President Sukarno of Indonesia in 1965. From the 1960s to the 1970s, Bechtel provided cover for CIA agents in Libya under both the regime of King Idris and his successor, Muammar Qaddafi. Sometimes called a âsecret armâ of the CIA, Bechtelâs executives included those who would join President Reaganâs Cabinet, including Secretary of State George Schultz and Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger.
Before World War II, Steve Bechtel formed a military-industrial complex partnership with John McCone. McCone later became the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission and later, director of the CIA. The CIA has used Bechtel to provide cover for non-official cover CIA operatives abroad.
Blackstone Investment Group. [CIA front]. With offices in Washington, DC and Moscow, arranged for the purchase of KGB documents following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Among the documents sought by the front company were any related to illegal CIA activities during the Cold War, including the 1963 assassination of President John F. Kennedy.
Bourbon and Beefsteak Bar and Restaurant. [CIA front]. Opened in 1967 in Kingâs Cross in Sydney, Australia. Served as a rendezvous point for CIA, Australian Security Intelligence Organization (ASIO), and organized crime figures. Its proprietor was Bernie Houghton, a CIA operative with links to Nugan Hand Bank, CIA weapons smuggler Edwin Wilson, and CIA clandestine services officers Theodore Shackley, Rafael Quintero, and Thomas Clines.
Center for Democracy. [CIA front]. Administered under the aegis of Boston University, the center maintained offices in Boston, Washington, DC, Guatemala City, and Strasbourg, France. Involved in CIA operations in eastern Europe, Central America, and Africa.
Colt Patent Firearms Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Hartford, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.
Daddario & Burns. [CIA partner]. Headed by former OSS officer Emilio Daddario, a Democratic Representative from Connecticut, the Hartford-based law firm provided services to the CIA.
DC Comics. [CIA partner]. Worked with the International Military Information Group (IMIG), a joint CIA/Pentagon unit at the State Department, to disseminate propaganda comic books, featuring Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman, in Serbo-Croatian and Albanian, to youth in the Balkans during the military conflicts in that region.
Disney Corporation. [CIA partner]. CIA agents who were adept at creating front companies and shell corporations in Florida, worked closely with Disney in preparation for the construction of Disney World near Orlando, Florida. OSS veteran âWild Billâ Donovan and CIA shell company expert Paul Helliwell helped create two fake Florida cities, Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, as well as a number of shell corporations, to keep secret the plans for Disney World. This kept land prices low because real estate speculators were unaware of the prospective value of the land in a desolate area of central Florida.
Emory School of Medicine. [CIA partner]. Located in Atlanta, Georgia. Involved in the CIAâs MK-ULTRA behavioral modification project.
Enron Corporation [CIA partner]. Houston-based firm that was used by the CIA to provide commercial cover for its agents around the world. There were at least 20 CIA employees on Enronâs payroll. Andre Le Gallo, a former official of the CIAâs Operations Directorate, went to work as a corporate intelligence officer for Enron.
Fair Play for Cuba Committee (FPCC). [CIA front]. Officially established by American Trotskyists, the group was penetrated by CIA operatives. The FPCC New Orleans office was a CIA front that provided cover for the anti-Fidel Castro activities of Lee Harvey Oswald, Clay Shaw, and David Ferrie, among others. The New Orleans FPCC office was located at 544 Camp Street and shared the same building entrance with Guy Banister Associates, Inc., a private detective agency, the address for which was 531 Lafayette Street and around the corner from 544 Camp Street.
In December 1963, after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the FPCC ceased all U.S. operations.
General Electric Company. [CIA partner]. Based in Fairfield, Connecticut, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad.
General Foods Corporation. [CIA partner]. Advertising account at CIAâs Robert Mullen Company handled by an active CIA employee.
Google, Inc. [CIA partner]. Developed as a result of a research grant by the CIA and Pentagon to Stanford Universityâs Department of Computer Science. The CIA referred to the research as the âgoogle project.â
Greenberg Traurig. [CIA partner]. Washington, DC âconnectedâ law firm.
Guy Banister Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New Orleans private detective agency headed by former FBI agent Guy Banister. The detective agency coordinated the activities of various anti-Castro Cuban groups in New Orleans, including Banisterâs own Anti-Communist League of the Caribbean, as well as the Cuban Revolutionary Council, the Cuban Democratic Revolutionary Front, Friends of Democratic Cuba, and the Crusade to Free Cuba Committee.
Banister and Associates shared office space with the CIAâs New Orleans front, the Fair Play for Cuba Committee, headed by Lee Harvey Oswald.
Hale and Dorr. [CIA partner]. Boston-based law firm that provided cover for CIAâs Independence and Brown Foundations.
Halliburton. [CIA contractor]. Based in Houston, it is the worldâs largest oil service company. Recipient of a number of CIA sole-source contracts for services worldwide.
Harper and Row, Inc. [CIA partner]. Manuscripts submitted to the New York publisher that dealt with intelligence matters, particularly CIA operations, were turned over to the CIA for censoring edits before publication.
Hewlett Packard Corporation. [CIA partner]. Sold computers to Iraq for Saddam Husseinâs missile program with the knowledge and approval of the CIA.
Hill & Knowlton. [CIA partner]. Public relations firm that teamed with the CIA on a number of operations. Hill & Knowltonâs numerous offices abroad provided cover for CIA agents. One known Hill & Knowlton office that was a CIA front operation was in Kuala Lumpur.
Kerr-McGee. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating overseas.
Kissinger Associates, Inc. [CIA partner]. New York-based international consulting firm founded by former Secretary of State and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger. Former National Security Adviser Brent Scowcroft is a co-owner. The firm provided support to the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation and the Bilderberg Group. Much of the 1982 seed money for Kissinger Associates was provided by Goldman Sachs.
Knight Foundation. [CIA partner]. Also known as the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. Based in Miami, the foundation provides funding for various CIA-connected media operations in the United States and around the world.
Kroll Inc. [CIA partner]. Founded in 1972 by Jules Kroll, who had links to both U.S. and Israeli intelligence. Based in Manhattan. French domestic law enforcement believed Krollâs Paris office was a CIA front. Kroll handled the security for the World Trade Center after the 1993 terrorist bombing and continued to be responsible for security up to, during, and after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack. Kroll employed former FBI assistant director for counter-terrorism John OâNeill, who died in the collapse of the World Trade Center.
Lincoln Savings and Loan. [CIA partner]. Based in Irvine, California and headed by notorious swindler Charles Keating, Jr., involved in laundering funds for the Iran-contra scandal.
Lone Star Cement Corporation. [CIA partner]. Based in Stamford, Connecticut and linked to the Bush family, provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad. Involved in the Iran-contra scandal.
Mary Carter Paint Company. [CIA front]. A money-laundering operation for the CIA. Involved in casinos in the Bahamas.
Monsanto. [CIA partner]. The firm contracted with former CIA official Cofer Blackâs Total Intelligence Solutions (TIS), a subsidiary of the CIA-connected Blackwater USA, later Xe Services, to monitor animal rights groups, anti-genetically modified (GM) food activists, and other groups opposed to Monsantoâs agri-business operations worldwide.
National Enquirer. [CIA partner]. The tabloidâs founder, Generoso (Gene) Pope, Jr., worked for the CIAâs psychological warfare unit and the agencyâs Italy branch in 1950. In 1952, Pope acquired The New York Enquirer broadsheet and transformed it into a tabloid, renaming it The National Enquirer. This transformation bore the imprimatur of the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program.
Newsweek. [CIA partner]. Magazine reporters and stringers fed information to the CIA. Newsweekâs stringers in southeastern Europe and the Far East were CIA agents. When Newsweek was bought by The Washington Post Company in 1961, cooperation between the magazine and the CIA increased. It was a participant in the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD media influence program. Much of the staff of Newsweek was absorbed into a new online publication, The Daily Beast, which continues to disseminate CIA-influenced articles. See Washington Post.
Nieman Foundation. [CIA partner]. Located at Harvard University, the foundation awarded Nieman Fellowships, some on behalf of the CIA, for foreign journalists to study at Harvard. The journalists were subjected to CIA recruitment efforts prior to their returning to their home countries.
Pamela Martin & Associates. [CIA partner], Escort firm run by Deborah Jeane Palfrey, the so-called âDC Madam.â During her 2008 trial for mail fraud, Palfrey attempted to invoke the Classified Information Procedures Act in order to discuss her relationship with the CIA. The U.S. Court refused Palfreyâs request and she was convicted and later said to have committed suicide before her sentencing hearing in Washington, DC. One of her clients was Randall Tobias, the head of the CIA-connected USAID. Another was Louisiana Republican senator David Vitter.
Paris Review. [CIA front]. Literary magazine edited by George Plimpton. Published works by Jack Kerouac and Samuel Beckett. The magazineâs co-founder, Peter Matthiessen, relied on his affiliation with the magazine as his CIA cover.
Quaker Oats Company. [CIA partner]. Worked with the CIA and Atomic Energy Commission to place trace amounts of radiation in breakfast cereal served to boys at the Fernald School for the mentally retarded in Waltham, Massachusetts.
Radio Corporation of America. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover for CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Iran, Philippines, Japan, and West Germany. Provided technical assistance to CIA-financed clandestine and propaganda radio stations worldwide, including Radio Free Europe. RCA founder David Sarnoff was a major supporter of CIA operations, including propaganda dissemination around the world. RCA chairman and chief executive officer Thornton F. Bradshaw was active in the operations of the CIA-linked American Ditchley Foundation.
Reily Coffee Company. [CIA partner]. Also known as William B. Reily Coffee Company and based in New Orleans, this company employed Lee Harvey Oswald and a number of other U.S. government employees, many of whom were suspected CIA officers.
Robert M. Mullen Company. [CIA proprietary]. A Washington, DC public relations firm, it was used as a front for CIA activities. E. Howard Hunt, the CIA agent, worked for Robert Mullen when he was arrested in the break-in of the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate Hotel in Washington in 1972. The Senate Watergate Committee reported that âthe Mullen and Company has maintained a relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency since its incorporation in 1959. It provided covers for agents in Europe (Stockholm), Latin America (Mexico City), and the Far East (Singapore) at the time of the Watergate break-in.â
Rockefeller Foundation. [CIA partner]. Used by the CIA to direct scholarships and grants to the Third World and Eastern Europe. Rockefeller Foundation money was funneled to the American Committee for a United Europe (ACUE), created in 1948. The chairman of ACUE was OSS chief William J. Donovan and the vice chairman was Allen Dulles. One of ACUEâs board members was Walter Bedell Smith, the first CIA director.
Summa Corporation. [CIA partner]. Owned by Howard Hughes, Summa is believed to have skimmed gambling profits from the Sands, Desert Inn, Frontier, Silver Slipper, Castaways, and Landmark casinos in Las Vegas and Haroldâs Club in Reno for the CIA and the Mafia. Provided financial cover for the CIAâs Glomar Explorer project.
Teneo Intelligence. [CIA partner]. Branch of Teneo Holdings, which is headquartered in New York. Teneo Holdingsâs intelligence branch includes former CIA officials. Teneo is closely linked to former President Bill Clinton and Hillary Clinton. Teneo Intelligence has offices in New York, London, Rome, Brussels, Dubai, Bogota, New Delhi, and Tokyo.
Texas Commerce Bank (TCB). [CIA partner]. Houston-based bank founded by the family of James Baker III. Texas Commerce Bank was used to provide commercial cover for CIA agents. After serving as vice president for Texas Commerce Bank in Caracas from 1977 to 1979, Jeb Bush joined his fatherâs presidential campaign in 1980. Serving with Bush on the campaign was Robert Gambino, the CIA deputy director of security who gave Bush his orientation brief at Langley in 1977.
Kenneth Lay, the chairman of Enron, which had its own links to the CIA, served on the board of Texas Commerce Bank. Texas Commerce Bank was acquired by Chemical Bank in 1987.
The bank provided major loans to Howard Hughesâs Summa Corporation. See Summa Corporation.
United Fruit Company [CIA partner]. Involved in 1954 CIA overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz government in Guatemala. Published the Latin America Report, a publication that was a CIA front used for clandestine activities. The CIA transferred weapons to United Fruit employees in Guatemala who were involved in undermining the Arbenz government. The joint CIA-United Fruit plan was code named OPERATION FORTUNE. Company provided an airfield in Guatemala for the CIAâs training of Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba.
U.S. Rubber Company. [CIA partner]. Headquartered in Naugatuck, Connecticut and later called Uniroyal, provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad. Included those operating under the cover of the Dominion Rubber Company of Canada, a subsidiary of U.S. Rubber Company.
U.S. Youth Council (USYC). [CIA front]. Founded in 1945 and based in New York. Some 90 percent of its funds came from the CIA. USYC received funding from the Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs (FYSA), a CIA front. The USYC was composed of American Youth Hostels, Camp Fire Girls, 4-H, American Unitarian Youth, National Catholic Welfare Conference, National Students Assembly, YMCA and YWCA.
Wackenhut. [CIA contractor]. Wackenhut, a Palm Beach Gardens, Florida-based security firm, stood accused of providing the CIA with specialized services around the world, including Chile, Greece, and El Salvador. Its Venezuelan branch, Wackenhut Venezolana, C.A., was accused in 2002 of involvement in the CIAâs coup against President Hugo Chavez. William Casey served as Wackenhutâs outside counsel before becoming CIA director in 1981.
Wackenhut eventually merged into the global security firm G4S.
Washington Post. [CIA partner]. The Washington Post was part of the CIAâs Operation MOCKINGBIRD, the agencyâs media influence project. Post publisher Phil Graham was a close friend and associate of MOCKINGBIRD chief Frank Wisner, Sr. and CIA director Allen Dulles. Wisner assisted Graham in acquiring The Washington Times-Herald and WTOP radio, creating a sizable CIA-influenced media operation in the nationâs capital.
W. R. Grace. [CIA partner]. Provided corporate cover to CIA officers operating abroad, particularly in Latin America. Provided donations to CIA front foundations.
El imperialismo ecolÃ³gico es una realidad. Sin embargo, muchos partidos de izquierda al ser ecologistas estÃ¡n convencidos de que no es imperialismo. Ya Hayek denunciaba que existÃa una imposiciÃ³n de paÃses ricos y contaminados que obligaban a paÃses pobres y selvÃ¡ticos a generar amplias Ã¡reas protegidas. Esto genera como dice don Alpiniano en El Tomismo DesdeÃ±ado unos beneficios a unas personas que no les corresponden, imponiendo cargas a otros que no las merecen. Sin embargo, luego de que en estos paÃses -como Colombia- nadie puede hacer nada, ni tiene cÃ³mo adquirir recursos para explotar sus ventajas ahÃ sÃ llegan empresas extranjeras que, haciendo convenios con el gobierno, adquieren los beneficios que los nacionales no han tenido.
Hace Murray Rothbard, citado por el instituto Mises Hispano una distinciÃ³n importante entre la sana inversiÃ³n extranjera y la alianza de empresas ricas con gobiernos ineptos pobres:
"Los conservadores norteamericanos insisten en particular en resaltar ante los paÃses retrasados las grandes posibilidades y la importancia de las inversiones privadas procedentes de los paÃses avanzados, y les incitan a crear un clima favorable a las mismas, de modo que no se vean sujetas al instigamiento de los gobernantes. Todo ello es muy cierto, pero, una vez mÃ¡s, a menudo es irreal, dada la situaciÃ³n de estos paÃses. Estos conservadores caen persistentemente en el error de no saber distinguir entre las inversiones exteriores legÃtimas del mercado libre y las basadas en concesiones monopolistas y en donaciones de vastas extensiones de tierras otorgadas por los Estados subdesarrollados. En la medida en que las inversiones exteriores se basan en monopolios y en agresiones contra el campesinado, en esa misma medida adquiere el capitalismo extranjero las caracterÃsticas de los seÃ±ores feudales y debe ser combatido con los mismos medios"
En este sentido, estoy de acuerdo con el artÃculo -y en contra del imperialismo econÃ³mico- en que el estado confunde inversiÃ³n extranjera con monopolio extranjero. Y el monopolio es desagradable venga de donde venga, sea el monopolio estatal tan "nacional", como cualquier otro. Por eso, cuando Robledo, senador del Polo, defendÃa a los arroceros por la imposiciÃ³n ridÃcula de tener que comprar nuevas semillas estaba promoviendo algo anarcocapitalista y liberal, aunque con argumentos de izquierda.
"Una variable importante sobre la determinaciÃ³n del precio en el mercado no regulado que debiera incluirse en estudios futuros son las expectativas climatolÃ³gicas; en la medida en que se espere una disminuciÃ³n del recurso hÃdrico, generarÃ¡ expectativas de aumentos en el precio.". http://revistas.upb.edu.co/index.php/cienciasestrategicas/article/view/1093/1313
" La coherencia del resultado se corrobora en el mes de enero de 2014, donde se aprecia una caÃda grande en el precio producto de la entrada en operaciÃ³n de El Quimbo y Sogamoso, las cuales en conjunto aumentan la oferta de electricidad en 1220 MW" http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/1552/155226077004.pdf
El sistema de energÃa que nace con las leyes 142 y en concreto 143 de 1994 tiene muchas deficiencias. Aunque la L143/94 trataba de dar paso a un modelo mÃ¡s parecido al de un mercado, esa distinciÃ³n del mercado regulado del consumidor de energÃa hace que nos saquen un ojo de la cara porque sus precios estÃ¡n muy por encima de los de bolsa; aunque relativamente influidos por ellos como lo mostraba el profesor John Jairo GarcÃa. El modelo aunque avanza hacia tratar de liberar lo que considera de mercado y regular lo que considera "monopolio natural" se queda corto. Pero realmente si hay algo aburrido es la regulaciÃ³n del sistema de energÃa, como todas las regulaciones. Hablemos mÃ¡s bien de leyes bonitas, las del "fatum" o de la naturaleza... las humanas dan asco.
"Yet the Government is neglecting simple options to raise power supply - like reducing the high level of losses in transmission and distribution, which run at about 16% of power generation and amount to some 10,000 GWh per year - more than four times the energy production of El Quimbo."
Casi todas las citas salen de internet asÃ que si no refiero la fuente, estÃ¡ el link. Las formalidades APA o lo que sea me parecen demasiado engorrosas para escribir informalmente. Con el internet deberÃa bastar con el link. El Ãºnico libro que cito, con todas las normas mamonas para probar su existencia, es:
Para vergÃ¼enza mÃa tengo que confesar que he perdido el tiempo leyendo la reforma tributaria. Bueno, es algo "Ã±oÃ±o", aparte que no he entendido ni la mitad de sus consecuencias. Sin embargo, quisiera compartir mis apreciaciones dado que el gobierno se ha desgastado (y comprado con sus recursos) una serie de propagandas para insistir en la reforma tributaria. Una de esas es que no afecta a la clase media.
Una vieja estrategia que se remonta hasta Marx es generar en el colectivo la imagen del "capitalista" rico. "El rico es malo y no hay legitimidad en la forma de generarla". Por eso se crea el "impuesto a la riqueza". Que ademÃ¡s es "transitorio". Dice el presidente:
Pero no afecta a la clase media del paÃs, ni a las pequeÃ±as y medianas empresas âlas pymesâ.
AdemÃ¡s, como ya dije, esta reforma se hizo escuchando las inquietudes y sugerencias de los empresarios, motivo por el cual el impuesto a la riqueza âyo prefiero decirle impuesto contra la pobrezaâ desaparece en 2018.". http://wp.presidencia.gov.co/Noticias/2014/Diciembre/Paginas/20141223_03-Palabras-Presidente-Santos-sobre-la-sanciom-Ley-Reforma-Tributaria.aspx
Palabras mÃ¡s palabras menos hay que quitarle a los mÃ¡s ricos para darle a los mÃ¡s pobres. Pero, Â¿Tiene el impuesto a la riqueza una destinaciÃ³n especÃfica? Â¡No! O sea que lo que paguen por concepto de impuesto a la riqueza va a cualquier gasto del estado. No estÃ¡ ni dedicÃ¡ndose a los programas de primera infancia, educaciÃ³n, lucha contra la pobreza, etc. AsÃ que Robin Hood no le estÃ¡ quitando a los ricos para darle a los pobres, sino quitÃ¡ndole a los ricos para darle al mÃ¡s rico e inÃºtil: Â¡el estado! Tan no es asÃ que otro de los novedosos inventos es la "sobretasa al CREE" pero, a diferencia del CREE que sÃ tiene una destinaciÃ³n social especÃfica:
Sin embargo, en este impuesto hay una gran confusiÃ³n entre riqueza y su medida. Los tan expertos en anÃ¡lisis econÃ³mico y tributario parecen no comprender un balance. Un balance cuenta con activos lÃquidos y activos ilÃquidos o fijos. Una empresa puede estar llena de activos fijos pero padecer iliquidez.
Â¿POR QUÃ HACERLO FÃCIL SI PODEMOS HACERLO DIFÃCIL?
Esta imagen de www.actualicese.com da en el punto de los enredos de la reforma tributaria. Ponga la primera parte del Ãndice tapando el meÃ±ique y abrazando el anular, que a su vez atrapa el intermedio que abraza el meÃ±ique aunque sobresale. Finalmente deje el pulgar afuera. Â¡La esencia es el pulgar afuera y los demÃ¡s enrollados! Podemos hacerlo fÃ¡cil como a la derecha, o difÃcil como a la izquierda Â¡El efecto es el mismo!
ARTÃCULO 16Â°. ModifÃquese el artÃculo 23 de la Ley 1607 de 2012 el cual quedarÃ¡ asÃ:
âArtÃculo 23. La tarifa del impuesto sobre la renta para la equidad - CREE a que se refiere el artÃculo 20 de la presente ley, serÃ¡ del ocho por ciento (8%).
ParÃ¡grafo. A partir del perÃodo gravable 2016, la tarifa serÃ¡ del nueve por ciento (9%).ParÃ¡grafo transitorio. Para los aÃ±os 2013, 2014 y 2015 la tarifa del CREE serÃ¡ del nueve (9%). Este punto adicional se aplicarÃ¡ de acuerdo con la distribuciÃ³n que se harÃ¡ en el parÃ¡grafo transitorio del siguiente artÃculo.â http://www.comunidadcontable.com/BancoMedios/Documentos%20PDF/105%20-%2014%20s%20-%20134%20-%2014%20c%20reforma%20tributaria.pdf
En la medida en que los impuestos se hacen mÃ¡s confusos, es mÃ¡s difÃcil pagarlos. Esto implica una elecciÃ³n "no pagarlos y arriesgarse", "pagarlos y perder valiosas horas de productividad". Tampoco creo que ayude al recaudo, en la medida que la administraciÃ³n de impuestos estarÃ¡ muy ocupada entendiendo, aclarando, recibiendo interpretaciones diferentes. En Estados Unidos, y no es mi paradigma tributario, un doctor en ingenierÃa me decÃa que allÃ¡ hacÃa fÃ¡cilmente la declaraciÃ³n, acÃ¡ le toca contratar un contador. Si un experto consultor se demorÃ³ un mes en entender el "Impuesto MÃnimo Alternativo Nacional" Â¿Va a ser fÃ¡cil para las personas del comÃºn manejar estos costos? Y si los maneja Â¡estÃ¡ dejando de pensar en cosas que sÃ le aportarÃan a su productividad! Â¡EstÃ¡ dejando de producir y de trabajar por pagar impuestos!
B) Tenga en cuenta que hay muchas labores del estado que no tienen sentido. Por ejemplo, piense en el cargo de procurador judicial que todos sabemos que son una traba en procesos, especialmente los penales donde se juega con la libertad de las personas. Y Â¿cuÃ¡nto ganan? Piense en los carruseles de pensiones de las altas cortes mientras el juez promedio no tiene ni lapiceros. Tenga en cuenta la desigualdad de muchos funcionarios donde los altos tienen salario en especie con vehÃculos, escolta, entre otras. Â¡SÃ, la burocracia es mÃ¡s desigual todavÃa que las empresas privadas!
CONCLUSIÃN Concluir sobre 52 pÃ¡ginas y 72 artÃculos que remiten a otros artÃculos no termina aquÃ. La reforma tributaria no se acabÃ³ Â¡apenas empieza! Pronto va a haber decretos, resoluciones, conceptos de la DIAN, seminarios, cursos, actualizaciones (en menos de dos aÃ±os), sentencias, lÃos, enredos... Va a haber lÃos para resolver los lÃos, enredos para aclarar los enredos. AsÃ si razona ad infinitum los enredos que trae la reforma son infinitos. Si quiere profundice en http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2157804, un anÃ¡lisis especial de las leyes tributarias gringas, que al lado de las colombianas son Â¡fÃ¡ciles! AsÃ que esto es cuestiÃ³n de tiempo que se difundan los daÃ±os que hace la reforma, por mÃ¡s buenas intenciones que tengan quienes la promovieron...
Conversando con un amigo de mi hermano quisimos mirar las tendencias sobre el tema del "cambio climÃ¡tico" o "calentamiento global". En primer lugar, quisimos mirar en concreto las mediciones de CO2 por kilotoneladas. El Banco Mundial uno de los mayores promotores de la existencia del cambio climÃ¡tico nos trae una larga serie, de 50 aÃ±os un nÃºmero geolÃ³gicamente MUY relevante, del orden de un 1 y 7 ceros... antes o sea 0,000000011111111 de la edad de la tierra. No sabÃamos la "amplia" duraciÃ³n de los periodos geolÃ³gicos... pero hay buenas noticias, Estados Unidos ha ido disminuyendo su participaciÃ³n en las emisiones globales como lo muestra la siguiente grÃ¡fica:
DATOS: Banco Mundial
La tendencia es "alentadora". Lo que no nos muestran es que sus emisiones han venido aumentando desde 1960. Tampoco nos dicen que las emisiones Chinas han aumentado su participaciÃ³n en las emisiones globales veamos las emisiones Chinas y Norteamericanas por kilotonelada en el mismo periodo de tiempo:
Por vÃa de las industrias: al ver las crisis las industrias disminuyen la demanda de capital y de producciÃ³n, no solamente despiden trabajadores sino que utilizan menos las mÃ¡quinas. Es lo que llaman "hechos estilizados de los ciclos econÃ³micos".
Por mÃ¡s que haya rechazo a todo lo que signifique Nicaragua, y que me linchen, el mismo derecho a pescar donde le plazca lo tiene el "NicaragÃ¼ense" que el "Colombiano". Un derecho que le nace porque los peces libres no son de nadie, por eso el primero que los encuentre y los aproveche se harÃ¡ su dueÃ±o. Los NicaragÃ¼enses son mis amigos, como lo puede ser cualquier ser humano. Me disgusta el presidente de Nicaragua, pero no porque sea nicaragÃ¼ense, como la mayorÃa de la gente que me cae mal es de Colombia pero no me cae mal por ser colombiana.
"Todos los grandes gobiernos de la tierra - los que hoy existen como los que han ido desapareciendo - han tenido el mismo carÃ¡cter. No pasan de simples bandas de ladrones que se han asociado con el fin de despojar, conquistar y someter a sus semejantes." (Tomado de SPOONER, Lysander. âEl derecho natural: la ciencia de la justiciaâ En Wikisource tomado dehttp://es.wikisource.org/wiki/El_derecho_natural:_la_ciencia_de_la_justicia 08/10/2009 02:39 p.m. CapÃtulo III. El derecho natural contra la legislaciÃ³n. Segunda parte del CapÃtulo.)
Contrario a los combos dueÃ±os de fronteras invisibles, restringiendo la entrada a dichas zonas, el estado se ha devanado el cerebro en generar justificaciones absurdas a su accionar y frente a los impuestos siempre estÃ¡ el trasfondo de la eficiencia. Â¿CÃ³mo recaudar mÃ¡s (para nada) sin desincentivar el trabajo de sus vÃctimas? El trasfondo de incentivar cierta actividad econÃ³mica o cierta acciÃ³n conveniente al estado provoca una serie de disposiciones tributarias. ConclusiÃ³n un complejo enmaraÃ±ado de disposiciones que generan una serie de costos operativos adicionales para la gestiÃ³n empresarial.
Ese enmaraÃ±ado sistema genera que en Colombia haya un exceso de tributaciÃ³n. Tanto como los griegos que le tenÃan altar al "dios desconocido" en Colombia puede llegar un momento en que nos toque pagar al "impuesto desconocido". A grandes rasgos los principales impuestos en Colombia son:
Impuesto sobre la renta y complementarios.
Impuesto sobre el valor agregado (IVA).
GravÃ¡men a los movimientos financieros (4 X 1000)
Impuesto de Industria y Comercio y Avisos y Tableros (Municipal).
Estos impuestos, en apariencia simples, plantean una serie de complicaciones operativas a las empresas que hacen prÃ¡cticamente que tenga una o dos personas de tiempo completo como mÃnimo resolviendo el problema de los impuestos. Es tal que muchos de los enredos provienen de presumir la mala fe del "contribuyente".
SE PRESUME LA MALA FE DEL CONTRIBUYENTE.
La verdad creo que este es un principio acertado de la tributaciÃ³n, Â¡NADIE QUIERE PAGAR IMPUESTOS! No creo que haya alguien que pague la declaraciÃ³n bimestral del IVA o el impuesto de renta con una satisfacciÃ³n y una sonrisa "Hoy contribuÃ al bien comÃºn" y pensando "Un compromiso tan lindo que no puedo evadir". Bueno quizÃ¡s Ned Flanders en un capÃtulo de los Simpson, capÃtulo donde se hace una crÃtica anarquista y capitalista bastante positiva... y donde obviamente se ve que los impuestos son un dolor de cabeza...AquÃ pueden verlo http://www.seriescoco.com/capitulo/los-simpsons/capitulo-20/40521
ARTICULO 402. OMISION DEL AGENTE RETENEDOR O RECAUDADOR. <Ver Notas del Editor> <Penas aumentadas por el artÃculo 14 de la Ley 890 de 2004, a partir del 1o. de enero de 2005. El texto con las penas aumentadas es el siguiente:>
En la misma sanciÃ³n incurrirÃ¡ el responsable del impuesto sobre las ventas que, teniendo la obligaciÃ³n legal de hacerlo, no consigne las sumas recaudadas por dicho concepto, dentro de los dos (2) meses siguientes a la fecha fijada por el Gobierno Nacional para la presentaciÃ³n y pago de la respectiva declaraciÃ³n del impuesto sobre las ventas.
TratÃ¡ndose de sociedades u otras entidades, quedan sometidas a esas mismas sanciones las personas naturales encargadas en cada entidad del cumplimiento de dichas obligaciones.
Ante esa circunstancia cualquiera que inicie una nueva persona jurÃdica o quiera "cumplir alegremente con los aportes a la nÃ³mina de los congresistas" queda mÃ¡gicamente obligado a retener y de no retener el estado te cobrarÃ¡ con la cÃ¡rcel.
Si uno mira el artÃculo 437 del Estatuto Tributario la regla general consiste en que el Impuesto Sobre las Ventas se causa en cualquiera de los dos primeros casos:
Al momento de la facturaciÃ³n o abono en cuenta (causaciÃ³n).
Si la facturaciÃ³n se da primero, en el caso del impuesto sobre las ventas, ya la empresa que cobra el IVA tendrÃ¡ una deuda en dinero que tendrÃ¡ que pagar en la declaraciÃ³n siguiente, asÃ el deudor se demore en pagar la factura.
Lo mismo sucede en el caso de la retenciÃ³n en la fuente, la regla general es la misma, se retiene o al momento del pago o al de la causaciÃ³n (abono en cuenta). Para eso puede observarse el artÃculo 392 del Estatuto Tributario que consagra exactamente la misma idea de la causaciÃ³n. Adicionalmente, esto ha sido reiterado en conceptos de la DIAN Â¿cuÃ¡ndo se ocasiona la retenciÃ³n?:
"Momento de causaciÃ³n de la retenciÃ³n en la fuente Tal como lo establecen las disposiciones del Estatuto Tributario y lo ha precisado la doctrina de la DIAN (Conceptos No 008054 y No 095988 de 1998, entre otros), la retenciÃ³n en la fuente a tÃtulo del impuesto sobre la renta debe efectuarse, por regla general, en el momento del pago o abono en cuenta, lo que ocurra primero. Se entiende por "pago" la extinciÃ³n total o parcial de una obligaciÃ³n mediante la prestaciÃ³n de lo que se debe y por "abono en cuenta" el reconocimiento contable de una obligaciÃ³n independientemente de su cancelaciÃ³n o pago." (Concepto 003580. 12 de Enero de 2006. DIAN. En http://actualicese.com/normatividad/2006/Conceptos/Enero/003580-06.htm Consulta 17/4/2012)
Esto se puede resaltar en cualquier portal de informaciÃ³n contable:
Causar una obligaciÃ³n a su favor no implica tener esa obligaciÃ³n en efectivo. De hecho, tenerla causada significa precisamente que no se ha utilizado un bien lÃquido llamado dinero que la cancele. El poder liberatorio del dinero implica eso, la capacidad de cancelar las obligaciones causadas.
Pero Â¿cÃ³mo si no se ha cancelado la obligaciÃ³n mÃ¡gicamente el contribuyente va a tener dinero para pagar la declaraciÃ³n? Esta tesis de la causaciÃ³n desconoce la realidad de los negocios en Colombia, donde la puntualidad en el cobro es rÃ¡pida (o sea se factura rÃ¡pido) pero el pago es lento. AsÃ las instituciones tienen el reto de enfrentar una "cartera" morosa de obligaciones "causadas" que generan IVA. Sin embargo, mientras el deudor se demora en cumplir, no puede quien cobra el IVA sustraerse de su obligaciÃ³n de pagar con dinero que no ha entrado en su flujo de caja.
CONCLUSIÃN. Sin perjuicio que lo mejor es que no existieran impuestos pues no tienen causa, las complicaciones del mismo aumentan tanto los costos de transacciÃ³n empresarial que hacen mÃ¡s ineficiente la actividad econÃ³mica como consecuencia de ello. Una de las cosas mÃ¡s ineficientes es la forma en la que afectan el flujo de caja empresarial en especial en lo que se refiere al IVA y a la retenciÃ³n en la fuente. El dinero, como el agua o el aire, fluye de una forma natural de acuerdo al trÃ¡fico de los negocios humanos. Estas formas tributarias lo que hacen es desconocer la forma como circula el dinero en la sociedad para aumentar su calidad tributaria, generando un aumento innecesario en los costos de generaciÃ³n de flujo de caja en las empresas.
No me gusta la palabra conclusiÃ³n pero sino la sociedad no entiende. Lo que quisiera es seguir criticando el sistema tributario a ver si algÃºn dÃa desaparece. MÃ¡s aÃºn esto lo que deberÃa es oxigenar de alguna manera el debate de la reforma tributaria que propone el gobierno de "Prosperidad democrÃ¡tica". Un mÃnimo serÃa que desaparecieran todas esas ideas absurdas de retenciÃ³n en la fuente que cargan al "contribuyente" con obligaciones ridÃculas por las que no recibe nada a cambio.
A pesar de que en apariencia los rendimientos aumentan, simplemente por un "atajo matemÃ¡tico", esto no es necesariamente un bien para la empresa: "la reestructuraciÃ³n raramente da como resultado una mejora fundamental de la empresa. En el mejor de los casos sirve para ganar tiempo." (HAMEL & PRAHALAD, 1999, pÃ¡g. 47). Es asÃ como ese autoengaÃ±o bien podÃa producir efectos al corto plazo, pero no a mediano o a largo plazo en la valoraciÃ³n de las acciones:
Sin embargo, no se trata de condenar a la reestructuraciÃ³n, que es una alternativa necesaria cuando en la empresa se forman estructuras injustas que limitan su eficiencia. Por ejemplo, que en una empresa de familia el hijo gerente gana lo mismo que su hermano que realiza una gestiÃ³n operativa es un claro ejemplo de estructura injusta. En ese caso hay un desorden que no da al aporte del trabajo de cada uno su justa retribuciÃ³n. AdemÃ¡s, debe ser posible reestructurar esa estructura injusta. A veces, como en el caso de las fusiones empresariales es necesario tolerar -por un tiempo- esa estructura injusta porque de lo contrario se quebrarÃa y serÃa mÃ¡s injusto aÃºn con todos.
Los seres humanos nos preocupamos tanto por las grandes obras, que las pequeÃ±as acaban destruyendo la posibilidad de llegar a la grandeza. Es una paradoja, pero una paradoja con fuertes fundamentos fÃ¡cticos que denotan cÃ³mo descuidar lo poco, es el mÃ¡s grande de nuestros errores. El presente ensayo partirÃ¡ de una reflexiÃ³n metafÃsica pasando por una econÃ³mica, pero la intenciÃ³n serÃ¡ trascender hasta, si es posible, una reflexiÃ³n mÃstica. Partiremos de ser centaveros, con imagen de ambiciosos, para llegar a la gloria infinita... simplemente por el valor de lo pequeÃ±o.
Una breve contemplaciÃ³n matemÃ¡tica.
Nubes fractales. El fractal denota la potencia de esta paradoja, la parte se ve en el todo y el todo en la parte.
"De hecho los pobres saben mÃ¡s de finanzas que los ricos. Un rico no sabe cuÃ¡nto vale un peso porque ese es su dÃa a dÃa, pero una persona pobre sabe verdaderamente cuÃ¡l es el costo del dinero, el sudor que se requiere para ganar $18.000 (10 Us$ aprox) [Cfr ElAlispruz. En 2010 si se quiere profundizar en el costo del trabajo]. Esto es tan cierto que los modelos financieros exitosos surgieron precisamente de un elevado valor del dinero. Adicionalmente es la razÃ³n por la cuÃ¡l los modelos tecnocrÃ¡ticos e intervencionistas fracasan. (TORO RESTREPO, 2011)"
Hay algunos personajes que trabajan en la ONU que para discutir el problema del hambre en el mundo llegan llenitos luego de haber pagado los mejores hoteles 5 estrellas en New York. La comida debe ser de la mejor calidad y costosa. Ante esa situaciÃ³n cuando empiezan a discutir el tema con barrigas llenas, observan el problema y ven cÃ³mo comer un poquito menos serÃa bastante costoso y para no sufrir el dolor de ver la pobreza que su despilfarro ocasiona proponen matar a los pobres. Efectivamente, la soluciÃ³n es fÃ¡cil: "seguimos comiendo igual y despilfarrando igual mientras matamos a aquellos que no pueden despilfarrar como nosotros.".
Sin embargo, el problema del hambre no es de "exceso de poblaciÃ³n" sino de "desperdicio de comida". Cualquiera dirÃ¡ que lo hago porque soy pro-vida o porque no creo que el calentamiento global sea ocasionado por el ser humano o como mÃnimo por la poblaciÃ³n. Somos 7.000 millones de personas, pero resulta que el nÃºmero de hormigas ocupa la misma biomasa (o sea pesando TODAS las hormigas de la tierra pesan lo mismo que TODOS los seres humanos) (Chadwick & Moffet, 2011, pÃ¡g. 86). La fuente del peso de las hormigas, como puede observarse, es la revista National Geographic de mayo de 2011, fuente cientÃfica acreditada a nivel mundial.
"3. Reducir el desperdicio. Aproximadamente la mitad de las cosechas mundiales desaparecen 'entre el campo y el plato', dice Stockholm International Water Institute. El desperdicio, la desviaciÃ³n para fabricar alimentos para animales y el comportamiento del consumidor son factores que llevan a esto.". (TOMANIO, KLEBER, CASSIDY, WELLS, & BUZBY, 2011)
Â¿CuÃ¡nto pesa un gramo de arroz? De acuerdo con una fuente no tan fiable como Yahoo Answers pero en algo creÃble, dice que un grano de arroz pesa 1.16 mg. Si cada persona del mundo desperdicia un grano de arroz, algo insignificante, el desperdicio acumulado serÃa de 8.12 toneladas. No soy nutricionista pero eso beneficiarÃa la dieta de miles de personas. El punto es Â¿cuÃ¡ntos granos de arroz promedio desperdicia cada persona al dÃa?
Pero hagamos el esquema matemÃ¡tico de lo que pedÃa el inventor del ajedrez:
Si organizamos la propuesta en una serie encontraremos que sigue la siguiente secuencia:
Concluyendo que la serie es 1+2^1+...+2^(n-1) por lo tanto por la Ãºltima casilla recibirÃ¡ 2^63 granos.
PlantaciÃ³n de trigo. No es la foto mÃ¡s hermosa pero se observa el efecto infinito.
El caso es que sinteticemos la conclusiÃ³n. Luego de un largo periodo de demora en el conteo de todos los matemÃ¡ticos del rey veamos lo que pasÃ³:
"-Antes de comenzar tu informe [dice el rey], quiero saber si se ha entregado por fin (...) la mÃsera recompensa que ha solicitado.
- Precisamente por eso me he atrevido a presentarme tan temprano -contestÃ³ el anciano [uno de los sabios del rey]. Hemos calculado escrupulosamente la cantidad total de granos que desea recibir... resulta una cifra tan enorme.
-Sea cual fuere la cifra -le interrumpiÃ³ con altivez el rey- mis graneros no empobrecerÃ¡n. He prometido darle esa recompensa, y por lo tanto, hay que entregÃ¡rsela.
El rey escuchaba lleno de asombro las palabras del anciano sabio.
-Dime cuÃ¡l es esa cifra tan monstruosa -dime reflexionando.
-Â¡Oh soberano! Dieciocho trillones cuatrocientos cuarenta y seis mil setecientos cuarenta y cuatro billones setenta y tres mil setecientos nueve millones quinientos cincuenta y un mil seiscientos quince." (PERELMAN, 2002, pÃ¡g. 55)
JesÃºs es el ejemplo de esto. La multiplicaciÃ³n de los panes y los peces muestra cÃ³mo de unos pocos panes y peces se alimenta a una muchedumbre y lo que sobra se recoge. Aunque evidentemente es un milagro, no es lo milagroso lo que interesa, sino lo mucho que sale de lo poco su sentido o significado me parece mÃ¡s sorprendente, de la inmensa cantidad de lo poco, el infinito no es nada sin la unidad. Muchos son los ejemplos como el grano de mostaza (aunque lo discuten algunos tecnicistas pero al fin y al cabo de muchas semillas pequeÃ±as salen cosas grandes). Todo el mensaje cristiano estÃ¡ en esa paradoja, un Dios que nace en lo poco pero que trae la mÃ¡s grande de las riquezas..., la salvaciÃ³n. hay que leer a Chesterton para mirar ese sentido cristiano como paradoja.
En la parÃ¡bola de los talentos JesÃºs muestra cÃ³mo se confÃan ciertos bienes a unos trabajadores y aquÃ sale la frase bÃblica que resume el mensaje aquÃ contenido:
El guayacÃ¡n y sus flores. Un Ã¡rbol que da tributo al cielo y cae humildemente a la tierra para que persista el ciclo de la belleza
Chadwick, D. H., & Moffet, M. W. (Mayo de 2011). HERMANDAD DE TEJEDORAS. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (En EspaÃ±ol) , 82-95.
DANE - DEPARTAMENTO ADMINISTRATIVO NACIONAL DE ESTADÃSTICA. (25 de Noviembre de 2011). 'Producto Interno Bruto Departamental, a precios corrientes. '2000 - 2010pr. Miles de millones de pesos. Recuperado el 20 de Diciembre de 2011, de DANE: http://www.dane.gov.co/files/investigaciones/pib/departamentales/B_2005/PIB_Total_habitante_2010.xls
Holmes, N. (Mayo de 2011). PoblaciÃ³n. NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC (En EspaÃ±ol) .
PAPPAS, T. (1996). LA MAGIA DE LA MATEMÃTICA. El orden oculto tras la naturaleza y el arte. (M. Rosenberg, Trad.) Madrid, EspaÃ±a: Zugarto Ediciones S.A.
RECAMÃN SANTOS, B. (2007). LOS NÃMEROS, UNA HISTORIA PARA CONTAR. BOGOTÃ D.C, Colombia: Taurus.
TOMANIO, J., KLEBER, J., CASSIDY, M., WELLS, H., & BUZBY, J. (Julio de 2011). CÃ³mo alimentar un planeta creciente. National Geographic , SecciÃ³n Hoy (Inpaginado).
TORO RESTREPO, D. (16 de Febrero de 2011). FINANZAS Y CUESTIÃN SOCIAL. REFLEXIONES SOBRE EL SISTEMA FINANCIERO. Recuperado el 20 de Diciembre de 2011, de EL ALISPRUZ: http://elalispruz.blogspot.com/2011/02/finanzas-y-cuestion-social-reflexiones.html
Como el estadode bienestar demanda mÃ¡s consumo del que puede producir o dar se quiebra y como hay cada vez menos contribuyentes que paguen impuestos la problemÃ¡tica es mayor. La crisis actual no es culpa de ningÃºn "capitalismo salvaje", es culpa de un "intervencionismo salvaje" un intervencionismo salvaje que quiso modelar la sociedad a su modo contra la libertad y la vida de muchos.
La verdadera burbuja es el estado de bienestar. Los polÃticos prometen y ante el calor electoral la gente confÃa en un estado que luego le cobra sus promesas a un precio mÃ¡s alto del que estÃ¡ dispuesto a pagar por ellas. El estado se infla pero finalmente estalla, como una burbuja. Ahora con un enorme e insostenible pasivo pensional, de una sociedad envejecida en Europa donde ya no hay jÃ³venes para trabajar, ni tampoco jÃ³venes que tengan hijos... bueno, jÃ³venes que tienen hijos pero los abortan.
Este clan K ha sabido posicionarse por sus curvas, mantenerse en un Ã¡mbito de flashes y moda, ser sÃºper modelos, lucir una perfecciÃ³n que muchas desean, o bien, pasar de ser las rezagadas a tener programas de televisiÃ³n. Keeping up with the Kardashian, una telerrealidad transmitida por el canal E! cuenta los dÃas de esta familia (sus problemas, eventos, maneras de afrontar la vida, ocupaciones, relaciones, estados anÃmicos, rutinas para mantenerse en forma) entre otras situaciones que enfrentan en su cotidianidad.
- La mÃ¡s famosa de las Kardashian (Kim) revela en su cuenta de Instagram que lava su cabello cada tres o cinco dÃas. En el tercero y cuarto dÃa lo recoge con una trenza o coleta bien tirante. Antes de hacerlo lo alisa con una plancha de cerÃ¡mica. De este modo evita deshidratarlo y lucir siempre una melena perfecta.
- Kim no teme llevar ropa mÃ¡sculina. âÂ¡La ropa masculina tiene un inesperado aire sexy!â, recalca en publicaciones de su pÃ¡gina web. Invita a sus seguidoras a ponerse una americana grande, una camisa blanca de botones o unos pantalones anchos para llevar un estilo varonil de una forma chic.
- La mayor de las Kardashian, Kourtney, menciona en sus redes sociales que reduce el consumo de pan, grasas nocivas e incluso del adorado arroz y le da fuerte bienvenida al cacahuate o manÃ, pues sabe que es una grandiosa fuente de omega 3. Â¡InclÃºyelo en tu dieta y mejora tus hÃ¡bitos alimenticios!
An investment strategy that has been derided by some money managers and academics as overly simplistic, once again, proved to be best in show last year. The Dogs of the Dow strategy produced a capital gain of 26.59% in 2006 plus a dividend kick of 4.77%, handsomely beating the Dow Jones Industrials gain of 16.3% and yield of around 2.2%. The strategy, popularized by Michael OâHiggins in his 1991 book âBeating the Dow,â consists of simply buying the 10 highest-yielding dividend payers in the Dow Jones Industrials, holding them for a year, and then buying the new crop of dogs. Proponents call it an easy way to handsomely outperform the average fund manager most years with an easy, do-it-yourself strategy. Critics call it an overly simplistic approach with hidden costs and risks that has outperformed only because of âdata miningâ - searching for statistical anomalies and then assuming they will work in the future. âThe starched shirt and suspender crowd in New York are pretty savvy, and itâll take a bit more to beat them than this,â said finance Professor Grant McQueen of Brigham Young Universityâs Marriott School of Management. âItâs a competitive world, and to think youâll get rewards without doing homework is naive.â
Source: Scottrade News, Jan 3, 2007
Es el principal Ã³rgano del cuerpo y su funciÃ³n principal es la de proteger del exterior. Es la barrera que evitarÃ¡ que penetren en el organismo agentes nocivos que pueden provocar posibles daÃ±os al cuerpo. Por consiguiente, se encuentra formada de varias capas: la mÃ¡s profunda es la epidermis, seguidamente se encuentra la dermis y la mÃ¡s externa es la hipodermis.
En otras palabras, entendemos que tanto mujeres como hombres hoy se cuidan de manera paralela y las distinciones no son un impedimento para cuidarse de manera oportuna. Por ello, no depende de los productos en sÃ, sino del estado, tipo de piel y objetivos que cada persona tenga. Los expertos mencionan que los productos y tratamientos pueden compartirse, excepto aquellos que sean especÃficos para una necesidad estricta de uno de los sexos.
For too long, politicians, environmentalists and subsidized proponents of âgreenâ jobs have been peddling the notions that âinvestingâ in green technologies is the illuminating endeavor and beneficent job creator of our time. With scant evidence, these green jobs postulates are bulwarked by so much hot air it rivals the amount of subsidized dollars used to sustain them.
The main dilemma of green jobs and investing is that they defy the reality of basic economics. Jobs are created by entrepreneurs willing to invest in capital, coupled with demand for their goods and services. The economic environment fostered by government (taxes, regulations, etc.) plays an immensely important role as well.
The experience in Europe with investment in greed jobs sheds a glaring light on the fallacious nature of the purported success of these initiatives. In Spain, which has a 20.4 percent unemployment rate, every green job created destroyed an additional 2.2 regular jobs. In addition, every âgreenâ megawatt created destroys 5.28 jobs in the rest of the economy. Aggregately, these green jobs programs killed 110,500 elsewhere in the economy.
The amount of money invested in these programs is exorbitantly costly when compared with private sector job creation. In Italy, the amount of capital invested in the creation of 1 green job was equivalent to the amount of capital invested to create 5 jobs in the rest of the economy.
The reason these programs are such colossal failures, is that government subsidies to inefficient and unsustainable green initiatives divert resources from other productive sectors of the economy and result in the loss of jobs. Price-controls and central planning have long been considered an abject failure, why do we believe that these policies are any more palatable in the energy sector of our economy?
The reason these economically suicidal green job schemes continue to seem viable is that somehow they represent drastically new technology and innovation. Itâs like a burgeoning plant, just give it a little water and it will rapidly expand, right?
Wrong. These propositions elucidate an inherent myopia within the green jobs cheerleaders. The truth is that the wind-powered electricity was commercialized in 1881 and solar power received its first patent in 1892. Mean ugly coal-fired electricity was commercialized in 1882.
The house that contains the green jobs myth has been set ablaze. Do we want the dubious distinction of running in?
Amazingly and audaciously, the mainstream media and liberal pundocracy has created a narrative that President Obamaâs newly found centrism is molded in the inspirational optimism of President Reagan. This narrative seems confusing, when many liberals excoriate Reaganâs economic policy as the grim reaper of capitalism coming to instill all the inequities of the free market.
Reagan, like the Tea Party, believed heavily in the primacy of the individual over the government and limited self-government constrained by the Constitution. Reagan, in his âA Time for Choosingâ speech, echoed these sentiments by saying, âA government can't control the economy without controlling people. And they know when a government sets out to do that, it must use force and coercion to achieve its purpose. They also knew, those Founding Fathers, that outside of its legitimate functions, government does nothing as well or as economically as the private sector of the economy.â
On the flipside, President Obama in his State of the Union Address enunciated the greater need for âinvestmentâ (i.e. government spending and subsidies) wrapped in the rhetorical trappings of American exceptionalism and greatness. This deceptive rhetoric attempted to mask the policy that undergirded Obamaâs State of the Union address which called for more dubious government subsidies for green energy and an increase in spending for high-speed rail boondoggles. If American citizens were groping and longing for high-speed rail, wouldnât it be flourishing by now after nearly 30 years since the French launched their Paris-Lyon TGV line?
If there is no demand for these industries, how else can government make them appealing, but by way of force, coercion or wasteful subsidizing hoping to create a market for these currently unwanted and inefficient products?
Are we to forget the GM bailout, Dodd-Frank financial regulation and an intrusive government intervention into our healthcare system? Do President Obamaâs policies even close to matching his own rhetoric in the State of the Union, let alone Reaganâs?
These pontificators may be well-intentioned, but it is more than condescending to attempt to link President Obama with the former President merely based on oratorical flourishes and Reaganesque-style optimism. Their ideas on the proper function and role of the government stand in stark contrast.
Reagan's invocation of Paine, as well as his quotation of John Winthrop's "City upon a Hill" sermon, expresses the core of his optimism and belief in the dynamism of American society, a dynamism that can have unconservative effects. But he explained his use of Paine in conservative terms way back in his 1965 autobiography, Where's the Rest of Me? "The classic liberal," Reagan wrote, "used to be the man who believed the individual was, and should be forever, the master of his destiny. That is now the conservative position. The liberal used to believe in freedom under law. He now takes the ancient feudal position that power is everything. He believes in a stronger and stronger central government, in the philosophy that control is better than freedom. The conservative now quotes Thomas Paine, a longtime refuge of the liberals: 'Government is a necessary evil; let us have as little of it as possible.'"
Maybe It is time for President Obama to return to some of Founder's writings in order to rediscover his inner centrism. He can begin with Thomas Paine.
In the event that the US economy does enter into a period of sustained weakness, commercial property vacancies would likely rise, which would have a depressing effect on rents. Should this adverse scenario be realized, real estate capitalization rates could rise and values could fall, and investment in real estate investment would most likely drop […]
ART. 2- VIGENCIA ART. 3- AMBITO DE APLICACIÃN ART. 4- REINCORPORACIÃN DEL PERSONAL ART. 5- BOLSA DE TRABAJO ART. 6- RELACION DE TRABAJO ART. 7- LLAMADO AL PERSONAL POR ANTIGÃEDAD ART. 8- LABORACION DE HORAS EXTRAS ART. 9- TRABAJO A DESTAJO (PROHIBICION) ART. 10- NO OBLIGATORIEDAD DE MAXIMO RENDIMIENTO ART. 11- FORMAS DE TRABAJO ART. 12- APLICACIÃN DE LEYES: LEY DE ACIDENTES DE TRABAJO ART. 13- ACCIDENTES Y/O ENFERMEDADES INCULPABLES ART. 14- PAGO DE SUELDOS ART. 15- PAGO SALARIOS FAMILIARES ART. 16- VACACIONES ANUALES Y/O PROPORCIONALES ART. 17- PAGO POR INDEMNIZACION ART. 18- HORARIO DE TRABAJO ART. 19- BONIFICACIÃN POR MAYOR ESFUERZO (10% TEMPORADA) ART. 20- SUSPENCIONES ART. 21- COSECHA PAGO MES COMERCIAL ART. 22- GUARDERIA INFANTIL ART. 23- DIA, HORA Y LUGAR DE PAGO ART. 24- SERVICIO MILITAR OBLIGATORIO ART. 25- DURACION Y APRENDIZAJE ART. 26- NUMERO DE APRENDICES- REMUNERACIÃN DE TRABAJO DE CATEGORIA SUPERIOR A LA DEL OPERARIO QUE LA EFECTUA ART. 27- DEBERES DEL PERSONAL ART. 28- INASISTENCIA POR ENFERMEDAD O ACCIDENTE ART. 29- SANCIONES POR FALTA INJUSTIFICADA ART. 30- MEDIDAS DISCIPLINARIAS- FACULTAD DEL EMPLEADOR ART. 31- OBLIGACIONES DE LA PATRONAL: OBLIGACIONES VARIAS ART. 32- PERMISO PARA DONAR SANGRE ART. 33- PIZARRA PARA COMUNICADOS GREMIALES ART. 34- TRANSPORTE DE PERSONAL ART. 35- LICENCIA POR FALLECIMIENTO FAMILIAR DIRECTO ART. 36- DEBERES Y OBLIGACIONES DE LOS DELEGADOS ART. 37- PERMISOS GREMIALES ART. 38- ESPECIALIDADES Y CATEGORIAS ART. 39- RETENCIONES Y APORTES SOCIALES ART. 40- RETENCIONES DE CUOTA SOCIAL Y/O ESPECIALES ART. 40 BIS- RETENCIONES CUOTA MUTUAL DE LA FRUTA ART. 41- ADICIONALES MENSUALES: BONIFICACIÃN POR ANTIGÃEDAD ART. 42- ADICIONAL POR PERAS ART. 43- ADICIONAL O BONIFICACIÃN POR ASISTENCIA PERFECTA ART. 44- DIA OBRERO DE LA FRUTA ART. 45- ACREDITACION FEHACIENTE DE CATEGORIA- SALARIO ART. 46- PROHIBICIÃN PARA CAPATACES O ENCARGADOS ART. 47- INDUMENTARIA PROVEIDA POR EMPRESA ART. 48- VIERNES SANTO- ASUETO ART. 49- SEGURO DE VIDA ART. 50. CONSTANCIA DE TIEMPO TRABAJADO ART. 51- ARTICULOS DE APLICACIÃN EN POST-TEMPORADA: SUSPENSIÃN POST-TEMPORADA ART. 52- CALCULO SALARIO POST- TEMPORADA ART. 53- MINIMO DE DIAS PARA COBRO SALARIO FAMILIAR ART. 54- PROHIBICIÃN TAREAS EMPAQUE EN CÃMARA O ANTECAMARA FRIGORIFICA ART. 55- REPRESENTACIÃN GREMIAL EN POST-TEMPORADA ART. 56- INCORPORACION TRABAJADOR ENFERMO DADO DE ALTA. SUSPENCIÃN LEGÃTIMA AL REEMPLAZANTE ART. 57- ORDEN PÃBLICO DEL PRESENTE CONVENIO ART. 58- COMISIÃN DE INTERPRETACION DE ESTA CONVENCIÃN
III) DISPOSICIONES TRANSITORIAS
ART. 59- PROYECTO DE REGLAMENTACION DE GUARDERIAS ART. 60- REMISIÃN AL SINDICATO DE PLANILLA DE PERSONAL ART. 61- POST-TEMPORADA: ANTELACION DE 24HS PARA SUSPENDER Y FECHA PROBABLE DE REINCORPORACION ART. 62- RESPONSABILIDAD EMPRESARIA POR TRABAJO EN CAMARA O ANTECAMARA FRIGORIFICA ART. 63- OBLIGACION DE INFORMAR VOLUMEN DE FRUTA EN FRIO A SINDICATO ART. 64- FECHA INICIACION DISCUCIÃN SALARIAL
Before blogs came out in the open to gain popularity, forums were initially created. Forums are a brilliant thing and increased website traffic and made Internet history.
It gained the highest users online. To be part of a certain community online, people must join these forums. Many people join communities where they have the same interests. Many internet marketers capitalized on these forums because they could benefit just by joining forums.
Now, let's say you started your very own forum and the possibility of having a lot of user interaction is really huge. You have been expecting traffic, spent a lot of months for your page rank to increase considering it's at 5, but the problem is, there is no traffic at all.
You have checked your site but there are definitely no members. Now you are wondering what went wrong. No one even signed to join your forum. The very reason why these things happen is because no one cared to join your forum and there are no members and there are no posts visible in your forum.
Every user wants to join a large forum where they can share and exchange their ideas and even leave a question for another user to answer. When a new member signs up and leaves a question, and the chances of that question being answered are very slim, new users just leave and find larger forums with a lot of members.
So how can you make forum traffic? Just follow these steps to get started.
Always start with a smaller forum. You can add less than 10 categories for your site. Just make the very important ones that could attract the usersâ interests. The fewer categories, the easier it is to fill the forum.
If you are opposed to using certain controversial methods, then just ignore this one and move on. This sounds crazy, but this will definitely help. Make bogus users; create different names and different details. Just remember to use the same email if what you did has email activation. This is just to make things easy for you. Then next thing to do is to post as many as you can. You can create threads about topics that are related to your very site. Then you can log on as the other fake user, so you can reply to the posts. Make a lot of threads but make sure that there are 10 replies from the other fake users you have created.
This process can be very time consuming. So you can do different things each day. You can either create a thread for a day or remember to post at least 10 replies to that thread. You can do this for three months or longer.
Now when someone glances at your site, they will actually see that there are many threads. Posts are visible too. So this user will be convinced that there is actually a community in your site. Now this user will start to register and post.
Always remember that you need to keep on track with their threads and posts so you will be able to reply with your own account and with the fake accounts that you have created. When you reply to the new users threads, then they will be very convinced, they will stay in your forum and most likely they will spread the views for increased website traffic. Making this requires patience, so be patient enough to succeed.
If you don't want to do this process, you have another alternative too. The only thing that you need is some money, but it won't hurt. If you are the lazy type, you can go to sites that offer services like these instead of making fake ones.
There are sites that offer these services; they have real users who will enter your forum, sign up and post threads according to the plan that you choose and that will suit your preferences. They will make threads and posts that are much related to the topic in your forum. Now your forums will be filled with real people, and new users will be convinced to sign up too, like the former process. The only difference is that here these are real paid people.
These are some of the ways to get forum traffic. You only need to have patience if you opt to use the manual way if you have budget constraints. On the other hand, if you have enough money to pay for sites which offer this kind of service, it wouldn't hurt. So go on and check what really suits your preferences. The most important thing is to get forum traffic to keep pace with your business.
The $600 million Interface Security Systems deal has sentâas The Beach Boys once sangââgood vibrationsâ throughout the security industry, as it provides not only a vote of confidence for what Interface is doing as a modern systems integration company, but also a vote of confidence in the security industry, in general, as companies like Interface represent a new breed of integrator that is staying at the forefront of new technology and innovation.
John E. Mack III, executive vice president, co-head of investment banking and mergers & acquisitions at Imperial Capital, which acted as financial advisor to Interface on the deal, astutely pointed out that this deal goes beyond validation of what Interface is doing in the space.
âThis is a very cool story for the sophisticated new-age security provider, which is what Interface isâthe 2.0 version of what the right kind of security player should be,â he told Security Systems News. âWe spend so much time in this industry talking about the residential side of the business, which is interesting, but there is a massive opportunity on the commercial side of the business that Interface is tapping into that I think is a compelling theme.â
He continued, âThere is a lot of validation for a very successful business model here that Prudential is putting up $180 million of new capital, and SunTx is putting up additional capital into the deal. And that youâve got a very attractive set of debt investors, and just the fundamental backing for the business, is a meaningful part of a positive message for the industry.â
Jeff Frye, SVP for Interface, told SSN that the support from equity partners is not only a stamp of approval for what the company is doing, but the âcapital gives us more fuel to build on our current, better than 15 percent compounded annual growth rate, so we know that we can do more with a little more gas in the tank and we are anxious to prove it.â
Frye noted that the equity will allow the company to expand its products and services around providing business intelligence, as security is becoming so much more than just, well, security.
âAs a network provider, and a managed services provider of network services and cybersecurity services, we touch a lot of aspects of our customersâ businesses,â Frye explained. âAnd as a leading purveyor of Internet of Things services, we are able to aggregate intelligence from all of those sensors and data sources to bring actionable insights to a customerâs business. There are some new verticals that we would like to focus on more, including financial services and banking, so this makes that horizon much brighter and much more approachable.â
And it also makes the security industryâs horizon a little brighter.
View maps and photos of Washington, DC - the capital city of the USA. Links to travel and tourism information are included on the website, and visitors can learn about the National Mall and other tourist destinations in DC.
Family law lawyers now have access to information that can transform a case from an up-hill battle to a slam-dunk, and itâs all thanks to the internet. Case in point: I have a client whose ex-husband, a venture capitalist, stopped paying his child support about one year ago. Exhibiting the patience of a saint, my … Continue reading Mr. No-Pay…You Can Run, But You Can’t Hide.→
La religiÃ³n azteca mezcla elementos rituales, mÃticos y cÃ³smicos. La religiÃ³n azteca se desarrollo en el entorno de la ciudad Tenochtitlan, capital del estado azteca, entre los siglos XIV y XVI. Esta civilizaciÃ³n se preocupo por la predestinaciÃ³n, la inestabilidad humana y el deber cÃ³smico de luchar contra las fuerzas de la muerte. La religiÃ³n azteca es la mejor que conocemos de todas las precolombinas, ya que tenemos fuentes pictÃ³ricas, arqueologÃas y escritos. Todo y que la conquista espaÃ±ola elimino muchos elementos de la civilizaciÃ³n azteca, algunos diplomÃ¡ticos y misioneros cristianos espaÃ±oles recopilaron, organizaron y reprodujeron documentos indÃgenas, como fra Benardino de Sahagun.
El emperador tenia poder ilimitado, que abarca todas las cosas y todas las personas. Junto a el los guerreros sacerdotes formaban el grupo social de mayor poder. Los guerreros eran el principal apoyo del emperador y permitiÃ³ la creaciÃ³n de un imperio muy poderoso pero aislado polÃticamente. La mayor parte de la poblaciÃ³n eran artesanos, agricultores, servidores pÃºblicos, etc., que se organizaban en grupos parentesco llamados calpulli. Apenas habÃa grupos sociales intermedios. AquÃ podemos situar los comerciantes enriquecidos de la capital, que conseguÃan ascender intercambiando sus riquezas por prestigio en las fiestas que organizaban y ofreciendo alguno de sus esclavos como victima de un sacrificio ritual.
This is a wonderful piece of theory-driven economic history. Everyone knows that machinery in the Industrial Revolution was “de-skilling”, replacing craft workers with rote machine work. Bessen suggests, using data from mid-19th century mills in New England, that this may not be the case; capital is expensive and sloppy work can cause it to be […]
What is innovation? What, indeed, is invention? I am confident that the average economist could not answer these questions. Is invention merely a novel process or idea? A novel process or idea for a given person? A new way of combining real resources like capital and labor? A new process which allows more of something […]
With the current decline in home prices some markets are ripe for investment. One such market with tremendous benefits is real estate investing in Austin, Texas. Thatâs right â real estate investors that are purchasing both commercial and residential properties in Austin are really seeing some huge profits in their investments. They are capitalizing on a very stable market â one that seems to be growing while other areas are in a downturn. So, if youâre considering investing in real estate and you have been looking for areas that you can invest, you should consider Austin Texas. In this article, we will discuss the benefits of investing in Austin Texas. By doing this, we hope that you will have a better idea of the market and can capitalize on this opportunity like many of the other real estate investors are doing. Letâs begin.
First of all, Austin has a wide array of positive elements working in its favor for the real estate investor. These included affordable houses that arenât at risk to volatile price swings, a growing and vibrant economy, and a large student population. As an investor wild price swings can wipe out your investment and put you in debt. Austin real estate has the big benefit of experiencing slow and steady appreciation. Therefore, this makes it a prime investment for the serious real estate investor.
Second, the recent downturn hasnât hit Austin to nearly the extent of other markets and so you have great stability in your investment. The population of Austin is growing and so this progression of prices will continue. The growing and vibrant economy presents another advantage as sustainable housing price appreciation can only be achieved with a growing and well-employed population. In fact, many researchers believe that even if the market continues to go down that the properties in Austin will still remain stable.
Third, Austin is a high tech center that is growing in influence and so this promises to provide strong support for housing prices benefiting those investing in Austin real estate. Therefore, the housing market is ripe for the taking. In addition, savvy investors who also purchase commercial real estate and then either rent it to business associates will also find themselves with a worthwhile investment. On the same token, by purchasing properties that are close to these centers, you will most likely receive some hot properties that are ripe for renting.
Finally, as a real estate investor you want a strong rental base so as to provide steady income from your property between the time your purchase the property and the time you sell it. Austin has a great renter population in the form of students thanks to the presence of the University of Texas at Austin.
In conclusion, if youâre a serious or a beginning real estate investor, you should seriously consider investing in real estate in Austin, Texas. Not only is this a great time to invest but you will see some great profits from your investment.
Speaker(s): Dr David Graeber, Professor Craig Calhoun | From the earliest meetings for Occupy Wall Street, David Graeber felt that something was different from previous demonstrations. What was it about this particular movement that worked this time? And what can we now do to make our world more democratic again? Graeber presents a vital new exploration of anti-capitalist dissent, looking at the actions of the 99% and revealing the alternative political and economic possibilities of our future. David Graeber is an anthropologist at Goldsmiths, University of London, who has been involved with the Occupy movement most actively at Wall Street. He is widely credited with coining the phrase "We are the 99%" and is the author of the widely praised Debt: The First 5000 Years. His new book The Democracy Project is published by Allen Lane. Craig Calhoun is a world-renowned social scientist whose work connects sociology to culture, communication, politics, philosophy and economics. He took up his post as LSE Director on 1 September 2012, having left the United States where he was University Professor at New York University and director of the Institute for Public Knowledge and President of the Social Science Research Council. He is the author of several books including Nations Matter, Critical Social Theory, Neither Gods Nor Emperors and most recently The Roots of Radicalism (University of Chicago Press, 2012).
Speaker(s): Howard Davies, Stephen Green | As the world's financial order is in a state of flux, how do we align our desire to improve material human wealth, and capitalism, with our spiritual and psychological needs? Do businesses and banks in particular have a duty to society that goes beyond the creation of profit? Does open market capitalism remain our best hope for creating wealth that benefits all of society? Green and Davies discuss history, politics, religion and economics. This event marks the launch of Stephen Green's book Good Value.
JerÃ´me defende as cores do Bayern de Munique desde 2011 e estÃ¡ novamente entre os 23 convocados por LÃ¶w para a disputa do Mundial aqui do Brasil. JÃ¡ Kevin-Prince deixou o Portsmouth logo apÃ³s a Copa de 2010 rumo ao italiano Genoa. Depois passou por Milan e hoje veste a camisa do alemÃ£o Schalke 04. Neste dia 21 de junho de 2014 em Fortaleza, apenas 2 dias antes de se completarem 4 anos exatos do primeiro embate histÃ³rico, irmÃ£os separados por uma Copa voltarÃ£o aos gramados defendendo suas naÃ§Ãµes, seja de nascimento ou de adoÃ§Ã£o.
Abaixo, dados e estatÃsticas dos irmÃ£os em lados opostos na Copa do Mundo.
* Nascimento:3 de setembro de 1988 em Wilmersdorf/ALE
* Clubes (4):Hertha Berlin (2006/07), Hamburgo (2007 a 2010), Manchester City/ING (2010 a 2011) e Bayern de Munique (desde 2011)
* TÃtulos (10):Campeonato Europeu de SeleÃ§Ãµes sub-21 (2009), FA Cup (2011), Supercopa AlemÃ£ (2012), Liga dos CampeÃµes da Europa (2012/13), Supercopa da UEFA (2013), Mundial de Clubes (2013), Copa da Alemanha (2012/13 e 2013/14) e Campeonato AlemÃ£o (2012/13 e 2013/14)
* SeleÃ§Ã£o alemÃ£:40 partidas e nenhum gol desde 2009
* Nascimento:6 de marÃ§o de 1987 em Wilmersdorf/ALE
* PosiÃ§Ã£o: meio-campo
* Clubes (7):Hertha Berlin (2005 a 2007), Tottenham Hotspur/ING (2007 a 2009), Borussia Dortmund (2009), Portsmouth/ING (desde 2009), Genoa/ITA (2010), Milan/ITA (2010 a 2013) e Schalke 04 (desde 2013)
* TÃtulos (3): Copa da Liga inglesa (2007/08), Campeonato Italiano (2010/11) e Supercopa da ItÃ¡lia (2011)
Tanto que aos 6 anos Litmanen jÃ¡ dava seus primeiros chutes no clube que revelou seus pais, o Reipas. Foram vÃ¡rios anos nas categorias de base sempre enchendo os olhos dos treinadores e olheiros com sua habilidade rara para um paÃs com pouca expressÃ£o no futebol. Sua estreia como profissional se deu em 1987 na Liga Finlandesa. Mesmo com todo seu talento, o novato por pouco nÃ£o comeÃ§ou sua carreira de forma melancÃ³lica, jÃ¡ que seu time terminou a competiÃ§Ã£o em 10Âº lugar - uma acima dos rebaixados KePS Kemi e Koparit Kuopio.
Nesta decisÃ£o da Copa contra o FF Jaro, inclusive, havia um olheiro do poderoso Ajax de AmsterdÃ£ observando o entÃ£o jovem e talentoso camisa 10 da equipe da cidade de Kouvola. Resultado final: 2 a 0 para Litmanen e companhia e um gol do astro finlandÃªs que convenceu o holandÃªs a contratar o jogador.
Com a saÃda de Bergkamp para a Internazionale de MilÃ£o em 1993, Litmanen ganhou definitivamente o posto de titular e nÃ£o demorou para se tornar o principal jogador da equipe de Van Gaal nas prÃ³ximas temporadas.
Litti, como ficou conhecido, foi peÃ§a chave no tricampeonato holandÃªs entre 1993 e 1996 e na conquista da Liga dos CampeÃµes e do Mundial de Clubes em 1995. O meia cravou seu nome na histÃ³ria nesta ocasiÃ£o tornando-se o primeiro jogador da FinlÃ¢ndia a ser campeÃ£o continental e mundial de futebol. Ainda ficou em 3Âº lugar na eleiÃ§Ã£o do melhor jogador do mundo naquele mesmo ano.
Voltando para a FinlÃ¢ndia, Litmanen foi recebido como um verdadeiro rei pela torcida do FC Lahti, clube oriundo do Reipas, que fundiu-se com o FC Kuusysi em 1996 para criar o novo clube. Tamanha a reverÃªncia que o jogador recebeu a alcunha de Kuningas Jari Litmanen, ou rei na lÃngua finlandesa.
* Clubes (10):Reipas Lahti (1987 a 1990), HJK Helsinki (1991 e 2011), MyPa (1992), Ajax/HOL (1992 a 1999 e 2002 a 2004), Barcelona/ESP (1999 a 2001), Liverpool/ING (2001 a 2002), FC Lahti (2004 e 2008 a 2010), Hansa Rostock/ALE (2005), MalmÃ¶/SUE (2005 a 2007) e Fulham/ING (2008)
* TÃtulos (18): Copa da FinlÃ¢ndia (1992 e 2011), Campeonato HolandÃªs (1993/94, 1994/95, 1995/96 e 1997/98), KNVB Cup (1992/93, 1997/98 e 1998/99), Liga dos CampeÃµes da Europa (1994/95), Supercopa da Europa (1995 e 2001), Mundial Interclubes (1995), Copa da UEFA (2000/01), FA Cup (2000/01), Copa da Liga Inglesa (2000/01), FA Community Shield (2001), Campeonato FinlandÃªs (2011) * SeleÃ§Ã£o Finlandesa: 32 gols em 137 partidas entre 1989 e 2010
* Principais honras pessoais:Jogador finlandÃªs do ano (1990, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998 e 2000), Jogador do ano na Holanda (1993), Artilheiro do Campeonato HolandÃªs (1993/94) e Artilheiro da Liga dos CampeÃµes da Europa (1995/96)
Sua performance dentro de campo jÃ¡ demonstrava todo seu potencial para ser um gÃªnio da bola. Tanto que um observador da poderosa Juventus de Turim jÃ¡ queria levÃ¡-lo para a ItÃ¡lia ainda em 1957. Entretanto, sua mÃ£e Elisa Anissabeni nÃ£o permitiu a sua ida para a Europa naquela ocasiÃ£o.
Em 1975 deixou o clube que o elevou aos maiores patamares que um atleta do futebol pode levar e, aos 33 anos, o Pantera Negra foi se aventurar em solo norte-americano para atuar por Boston Minutemen e Toronto Metros, com uma rÃ¡pida passagem pelo mexicano Monterrey entre os dois. No clube canadense teve sua Ãºltima grande atuaÃ§Ã£o na carreira marcando 18 gols na Liga dos Estados Unidos e faturando o tÃtulo. Em 1976 voltou para Portugal e assinou com o modesto Beira-Mar. Mas aos 34 anos o fÃsico jÃ¡ nÃ£o ajudava o craque de chute certeiro e habilidade descomunal. Muitas lesÃµes comeÃ§avam a acompanhÃ¡-lo e prejudicavam suas exibiÃ§Ãµes.
Em 2012, durante a Eurocopa na UcrÃ¢nia e na PolÃ´nia sofreu um Acidente Vascular Cerebral (AVC) e foi socorrido para um hospital em PoznaÅ, na PolÃ´nia. Recuperado, passou a ter cuidados intensivos desde entÃ£o.
Mas na madrugada do dia 04 para 05 de janeiro de 2014 uma parada cardÃaca enquanto dormia em sua residÃªncia em Lisboa finalmente parou o atacante que tanto ultrapassava as barreiras que seus adversÃ¡rios defendiam nos gramados com tanta facilidade.
* Nascimento:25/01/1942 em LourenÃ§o Marques/MoÃ§ambique (atual Maputo)
* PosiÃ§Ã£o: atacante
* Clubes (10):Sporting de LourenÃ§o Marques/MOC (1957 a 1960), Benfica (1960 a 1975), Boston Minutemen/EUA (1975), Monterrey/MEX (1975), Toronto-Metros/CAN (1975 a 1976), Beira-Mar (1976), Las Vegas Quicksilvers/EUA (1976 a 1977), UniÃ£o de Tomar (1977 a 1978), New Jersy Americans/EUA (1978 a 1979) e Buffalo Stallions/EUA (1980)
* TÃtulos (19): Campeonato MoÃ§ambicano (1960), Campeonato PortuguÃªs (1960/61, 1962/63, 1963/64, 1964/65, 1966/67, 1967/68, 1968/69, 1970/71, 1971/72, 1972/73 e 1974/75), TaÃ§a de Portugal (1961/62, 1963/64, 1968/69, 1969/70, 1971/72), Copa dos CampeÃµes da Europa (1961/62) e Liga norte-americana (1976)
* SeleÃ§Ã£o portuguesa: 41 gols em 64 jogos entre 1961 e 1973
Estiveram presentes Ã histÃ³rica reuniÃ£o no bar londrino pessoas ligadas aos seguintes times: Barnes, Civil Service, Crusaders, Crystal Palace, Forest of Leytonstone (que posteriormente seria rebatizado como Wanderers), N.N. Club, Blackheath, Kensington School, Perceval House, Surbiton e Blackheath Proprietary School. O Charterhouse foi convidado para participar, mas seu representante declinou do chamado. A maioria desses clubes nÃ£o existe mais ou apenas atua no rugby.
Vale salientar que o futebol jÃ¡ era praticado de forma amadora antes de 1863 em solo britÃ¢nico, mas ainda sem uma regra oficial. O primeiro esboÃ§o de norma surgiu em 1848 nos pÃ¡tios da Universidade de Cambridge. Outro surgiu em Nottingham em 1850. E ambos foram os alicerces para essa regra final criada pelos ingleses.
Na primeira foto, a ediÃ§Ã£o original do livro de regras escrito naquela noite de 26 de outubro de 1863 escrito por Ebenezer Cobb Morley, que viria a ser o segundo presidente da FA 8 anos depois de sua criaÃ§Ã£o.
A primeira partida da histÃ³ria sob as regras oficiais foi entre Barnes e Richmond, que nÃ£o estava presente na reuniÃ£o de fundaÃ§Ã£o da FA. O placar foi de zero a zero no estÃ¡dio de Mortlake em 19 de dezembro do mesmo ano.
Houve uma revisÃ£o total das regras em 1891, quando apareceram as redes nas balizas, para que nÃ£o houvesse dÃºvidas quando da marcaÃ§Ã£o do gol, e foi oficializado o pÃªnalti - a falta dentro da grande Ã¡rea. Em 1896, cresce a autoridade do Ã¡rbitro, que deixa de ser um simples tira-teima, e passa a se guiar pelo que mandam as regras.
Em 2009 este blog publicou uma postagem a respeito do futebol brasileiro nas ondas do rÃ¡dio, contando um pouco de sua histÃ³ria e mostrando sua evoluÃ§Ã£o ao longo dos anos com Ã¡udios histÃ³ricos de profissionais que fortaleceram/fortalecem a paixÃ£o nacional pelo futebol, que muito contribuiu para que o esporte se popularizasse por todo o Brasil. Desta forma, em homenagem ao Dia do RÃ¡dio, vamos reproduzir o post logo a seguir.
Como exemplo trouxe para vocÃªs 5 locuÃ§Ãµes esportivas em diferentes tempos para anÃ¡lise. Para ouvÃ-las basta clicar no link correspondente. No primeiro, o leitor poderÃ¡ acompanhar uma narraÃ§Ã£o feita por Armando Pamplona, no distante ano de 1934, pela RÃ¡dio Educadora de SÃ£o Paulo, durante uma partida amistosa entre a SeleÃ§Ã£o Paulista e o Bologna da ItÃ¡lia.
No seguinte ouviremos a voz de Pedro Luiz Pauliello na final da Copa do Mundo de 1962 entre Brasil e TchecoslovÃ¡quia pela RÃ¡dio Bandeirantes de SÃ£o Paulo. NÃ£o custa lembrar que a SeleÃ§Ã£o Brasileira tornou-se bicampeÃ£ mundial na ocasiÃ£o.
Nesta locuÃ§Ã£o fica cada vez mais nÃtida a eloquÃªncia do narrador, que passava a torcer pelo time em campo quase como um torcedor que estava nas arquibancadas e pela tentativa de levar o mÃ¡ximo de emoÃ§Ã£o possÃvel aos ouvintes do que se passava em campo.
A seguir vamos ouvir o Ã¡udio de um dos verdadeiros "monstros sagrados" do rÃ¡dio esportivo brasileiro em todos os tempos. Waldir Amaral, entÃ£o na RÃ¡dio Globo, trazendo a decisÃ£o do Cameponato Brasileiro de 1974 entre Vasco da Gama e Cruzeiro, vencida pelo clube carioca.
Amaral narra o confronto com extrema rapidez, dado o contÃnuo aumento da velocidade do jogo com o passar dos anos, mas com bastante clareza. Tenta fazer com que o ouvinte que estava fora do estÃ¡dio ouvindo pelo rÃ¡dio se sinta dentro dele trazendo a partida nos mÃnimos detalhes.
Alguns pesquisadores nÃ£o atribuem a LeÃ´nidas da Silva a criaÃ§Ã£o da bicicleta, e sim o seu aperfeiÃ§oamento. Uma parte credita a invenÃ§Ã£o da jogada ao espanhol naturalizado chileno Ramon Unzaga, tendo executado a jogada pela primeira em 1914 quando defendia o Club Estrella del Mar do Chile e que, posteriormente, ficou conhecida como "chilena". JÃ¡ outra parcela atribui a outro brasileiro, o ex-atacante Petronilho de Brito, ex-SÃrio LibanÃªs/SP e San Lorenzo/ARG. LeÃ´nidas sempre se autoproclamou o autor da invenÃ§Ã£o da jogada e assim ficou conhecido durante toda sua vida.
Tamanho jÃ¡ era o sucesso do jogador de grande elasticidade e facilidade no domÃnio da bola que o poderoso PeÃ±arol do Uruguai veio buscÃ¡-lo para atuar em seus quadros no ano de 1933, onde ajudou o clube a ficar com o vice-campeonato nacional. Em 1934 LeÃ´nidas regressou ao Brasil para vestir a camisa do Vasco da Gama e lÃ¡ foi campeÃ£o carioca.
Em 1974 teve que deixar os comentÃ¡rios devido ao Mal de Alzheimer que o acometeu e o levou a viver em uma clÃnica em SÃ£o Paulo por 30 anos. Recebeu diversas homenagens, inclusive uma estÃ¡tua em tamanho real no museu do SÃ£o Paulo revivendo a imortal bicicleta da foto do comeÃ§o dessa postagem.
LeÃ´nidas da Silva faleceu em 2004 devido Ã complicaÃ§Ãµes da doenÃ§a, aos 90 anos, e estÃ¡ sepultado na capital paulista, cidade que o adotou como cidadÃ£o apÃ³s sua inesquecÃvel passagem pelos gramados locais.
Diamantes sÃ£o raros na natureza e lapidados para que sejam modelados e polidos, extraindo toda sua beleza e qualidade. E assim foi LeÃ´nidas da Silva, uma rara jÃ³ia de muitos quilates lapidada para brilhar na histÃ³ria do nosso futebol.
Abaixo, dados e estatÃsticas do centenÃ¡rio "Diamante Negro".
* Nome:LeÃ´nidas da Silva
* Nascimento:06 de setembro de 1913 no Rio de Janeiro/RJ
* Clubes (3):Jabaquara (1945 a 1951), Corinthians (1951 a 1961) e Santos (1962 e 1969)
* SeleÃ§Ã£o brasileira:100 partidas entre 1953 e 1969
* TÃtulos (25):Campeonato Paulista (1951, 1952, 1954, 1962, 1964, 1965, 1967 e 1968), Torneio Rio-SÃ£o Paulo (1953, 1954, 1963, 1964 e 1966), Copa do Mundo (1958 e 1962), Campeonato Brasileiro (1962, 1963, 1964, 1965 e 1968), TaÃ§a Libertadores (1962 e 1963), Mundial Interclubes (1962 e 1963) e Recopa dos CampeÃµes Mundiais (1968) * Honras pessoais: PrÃªmio Belford Duarte (1966)
FÃDÃRATION TAHITIENNE DE FOOTBALL (FEDERAÃÃO TAHITIANA DE FUTEBOL)
* Presidente: Eugene Haereraaroa
* EstÃ¡dio:Hamuta (Papeete/TAH - 10 mil pessoas)
* Treinador:Eddy Etaeta
* Uniformes:Camisas brancas com detalhes vermelhos, calÃ§Ãµes vermelhos com detalhes brancos e meiÃµes brancos com detalhes vermelhos (titular) / Camisas vermelhas com detalhes brancos, calÃ§Ãµes brancos com detalhes vermelhos e meiÃµes vermelhos com detalhes brancos (reserva)
* TÃtulos (6):Jogos do PacÃfico Sul (1966, 1975, 1973, 1983 e 1995) e Copa das NaÃ§Ãµes da Oceania (2012)
Swansea x Cardiff City: clÃ¡ssico GALÃS na elite INGLESA
Terminou hoje mais uma ediÃ§Ã£o da Championship inglesa, a segunda divisÃ£o de lÃ¡, com mais um tÃtulo galÃªs na temporada. Depois do Swansea faturar a Copa da Liga Inglesa no mÃªs passado foi a vez do seu rival Cardiff City levantar uma taÃ§a de campeÃ£o ao terminar a temporada com 87 pontos ganhos e garantir seu retorno Ã elite do futebol bretÃ£o depois de 50 anos.
* Uniformes: Camisas azuis com listra branca no peito na horizontal, calÃ§Ãµes brancos e meiÃµes azuis (titular); camisas vermelhas com listra preta no peito na horizontal, calÃ§Ãµes pretos e meiÃµes vermelhos (reserva)
* TÃtulos (27): Copa de Gales (1912, 1920, 1922, 1923, 1927, 1928, 1930, 1956, 1959, 1964, 1965, 1967, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1988, 1992 e 1993), FA Cup (1926/27), FA Charity Shield (1927), Third Division South (1947), Third Division (1993), Welsh Premier Cup (2002) e Championship inglesa (2012/13)
* Jogador que mais vestiu a camisa: Phil Dwyer (531 jogos entre 1972 e 1985)
* Maior artilheiro:Len Davies (148 gols entre 1920 e 1931)
Exhaust federal loans for both students and parents
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Borrow only what you need
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Brian's new book, Radicals for Capitalism ... Are libertarians right wing? ... Ayn Rand: lukewarm cold warrior ... Self-actualization, the me decade, and survivalism: brought to you by libertarians? ... Did free marketers free the slaves? ... Modern American libertarianism ...
"Aaj hum yahaan aayein hain sabse ye kehne, ki kuch to karna hoga. Hum sabko kuch karna hoga."
"Koi bhi desh perfect nahi hota. Use perfect banaana hota hai. Police mai bharti honge, military join karenge, IAS banenge, politics ka hissa ban ke iss desh ki sarkaar chalaayenge. Ye desh badlega, hum badlenge ise." -- Rang De Basanti (2006) I quoted from Rang De Basanti, but it does not mean that this is going to be an incensed hysterical rant of a twenty-something someone which goes "Inquilab Zindabad!". Inquilab, sure. But let's put it into perspective and context. Inquilab will happen. One step at a time.
Election is coming. It's easy to talk about politics sitting in our rooms, dissing any and everything that is happening around us. Heck, even this post qualifies. People here in India, and people abroad too - US, Europe, or farther east, you name it. "India has gone beyond a point-of-no-return." Sure, it must have sounded profound sitting in a room in a high-rise with a city skyline view in some sophisticated corner of the world, or here, in India. Sorry, no. But I have no interest in a conversation that begins or ends with that sentence, whether you live in India, or live abroad and intend to come back. It does not sound profound to me because I intend to spend my life in this country, by choice. Hopefully.
I would not care if haters and dissers shoot holes into this post. By all means, go ahead. I admit I don't know my politics or economics. Let the intellectual masturbation begin. But I will not engage you in a conversation unless you give me a viable choice in the upcoming Delhi elections in November. We'll talk about NaMo vs Rahul Gandhi, sure, after the Delhi elections.
It is really sad that after 66 years of our country's independence, the issues today, still, in the capital of India are Water, Electricity, Safety of Women, and Corruption. Forget Infrastructure, Public Health, or a healthy eco-system for entrepreneurs, we haven't afforded ourselves that luxury. Not yet. We, the youth, are lucky to have been born at a very opportune moment in the history of our country. We have the privilege to be a part of the 'Indian growth story', to be the Indian growth story. Be a part of it. Engage. Of course, it is unreasonable to ask people to quit whatever they wish to do with their lives and set out "to clean the system". No. But help those who are trying, in whatever little way. You can still be a part of it. That's why I am writing this.
I know about a start-up that is trying to win the Delhi elections. I hope they do. It was unthinkable until a year ago, that a newly formed political party could think of forming a state government, let alone contesting elections with a strong foothold, or even fielding candidates in all the contested constituencies with confidence. Today, not so much. AAP doesn't have a long history, nor do they have the money or the adequate resources even, but they do have the passion and the will to do something. They believe they can, I believe they can. Sure, you or me might not agree with everything that they say or want to do, but do you agree with anyone a hundred percent? And if not them, who is your pick, and why? The question is whether anyone, anyone with the will and the passion can make a difference if they want? This is the test.
Santosh died. No, I am not using her name to sensationalize this and drive my point across. The fact is, a good person wanted to contest the elections, and she died. It is NOT trivial. Can you do something about it?
Take a look at their candidates list. Go ahead, look at their profiles. There is a commando who lost his hearing a hundred percent during 26/11, and was fired from the Army after that. Or this construction worker living in the slums, who is looking to contest from Rajouri Garden. And then, there is an ex-IRS IITian who championed the cause of RTI. He is pitting himself against Sheila Dixit. These people are getting their voice heard. We are getting our voice heard.
At the very least what I'm confident of is this, that these candidates won't be murderers or rapists, and that if they are deemed incapable or corrupt, they will be sacked by their own party. Atleast give these people a chance. One chance. And like all start-ups, they need money to scale. They have been angel funded by several investors, and are looking to mobilize resources through crowdsourcing.
What are you doing, Delhi? I'm jealous because you got this opportunity before I did. And things are happening and will, with or without you. Here's what the donations to AAP from our country looks like [link] :
Almost as much from Maharashtra as from Delhi?! And it's not even Maharashtra's elections! There is still time. Get on board with this, man.
1) You can donate in kind. There is much more than just money that is required to contest elections. You can give whatever you have to spare. [link]
2) You can adopt a constituency. From anywhere. [link]
3) You can make a recurring donation every month. [link]
4) Or, you can just donate once and be done with it. [link]
5) And the least you can do is get your voter i-card made and exercise your franchise. Vote. [link]
An incident happened not so long ago. Arvind Kejriwal was asked by a journalist, "What would you do if you don't win the Delhi elections?". He responded by saying, "If we lose, what will you do?"
Atleast we are talking about the right things.
So... what will you do?
Oh, and in this interview, Arvind Kejriwal answers most of the questions commonly posed by the haters and the dissers. Do watch. You might not agree with him or still be unsatisfied, but atleast hear what he has got to say.
If you know me personally, or have been following this blog, you would know that I am not someone who begs for likes and shares. But this one time, I will. If this post struck a chord, please share it. It's only a click, and is much less to ask than an Inquilab.
PRZOOM - Newswire (press release) - 2017/03/09, Santa Clara, CA United States - Increased interest among consumers for secure payment gateways and payment card industry (PCI) PIN entry devices will further bolster growth, finds Frost & SullivanÂs Digital Transformation team - Frost.com
The store is designed by Norwegian based Reactor Retail in close cooperation with Stokke. Milan represents an important milestone and market for the StokkeÂ® brand, as the global international capital of design.
El presidente del Centro de Estudiantes del Colegio CarbÃ³, Gabriel Gerbaldo, fue apuÃ±alado esta maÃ±ana dentro del establecimiento y se encuentra internado en el Hospital de Urgencias, y estÃ¡ evolucionando favorablemente, gracias a Dios.
El alumno, de sexto aÃ±o, habrÃa sido atacado por un joven de 22 aÃ±os, identificado como Pablo Nieto Ribruego, que no es del Colegio, y que fue detenido por la PolicÃa.
Corren muchas versiones de las causas del ataque, como por ejemplo, por un conflicto con una joven.
En lo asistencial exigimos de entrada un nÃºmero de camas para los indigentes. AsÃ, cientos de pacientes fueron operados sin cargo alguno. La mayorÃa de nuestros pacientes provenÃan de las obras sociales. El sanatorio tenÃa contrato con las mÃ¡s importantes de aquel entonces. La relaciÃ³n con el sanatorio fue muy clara: los honorarios, provinieran de donde provinieran, eran de nosotros; la internaciÃ³n, del sanatorio (sin duda la mayor tajada).
Nunca permitÃ que se tocara un solo peso de los que no nos correspondÃa.
A pesar de que los directores aseguraban que no habÃa retornos, yo conocÃa que sÃ los habÃa. De vez en cuando, a pedido de su director, saludaba a los sindicalistas de turno, que agradecÃan nuestro trabajo.
Hace muchÃsimos aÃ±os debo escuchar aquello de que Favaloro no opera mÃ¡s! Â¿De dÃ³nde proviene este infundio?. Muy simple: el pacientes es estudiado.. ConclusiÃ³n, su cardiÃ³logo le dice que debe ser operado. El paciente acepta y expresa sus deseos de que yo lo opere. 'Pero cÃ³mo, usted no sabe que Favaloro no opera hace tiempo?'. 'Yo le voy a recomendar un cirujano de real valor, no se preocupe'. El cirujano 'de real valor' ademÃ¡s de su capacidad profesional retornarÃ¡ al cardiÃ³logo mandante un 50% de los honorarios!
Varios de esos pacientes han venido a mi consulta no obstante las 'indicaciones' de su cardiÃ³logo. 'Â¿Doctor, usted sigue operando?' y una vez mÃ¡s debo explicar que sÃ, que lo sigo haciendo con el mismo entusiasmo y responsabilidad de siempre. Muchos de estos cardiÃ³logos, son de prestigio nacional e internacional.
Concurren a los Congresos del American College o de la American Heart y entonces sÃ, allÃ me brindan toda clase de felicitaciones y abrazos cada vez que debo exponer alguna 'lecture' de significaciÃ³n. AsÃ ocurriÃ³ cuando la de Paul D. White lecture en Dallas, decenas de cardiÃ³logos argentinos me abrazaron, algunos con lÃ¡grimas en los ojos. Pero aquÃ, vuelven a insertarse en el 'sistema' y el dinero es lo que mÃ¡s les interesa.
La situaciÃ³n actual de la FundaciÃ³n es desesperante, millones de pesos a cobrar de tarea realizada, incluyendo pacientes de alto riesgo que no podemos rechazar. Es fÃ¡cil decir 'no hay camas disponibles'.
Â¿CÃ³mo se mide el valor social de nuestra tarea docente?
Es indudable que ser honesto, en esta sociedad corrupta tiene su precio. A la corta o a la larga te lo hacen pagar.
La mayorÃa del tiempo me siento solo. En aquella carta de renuncia a la C. Clinic , le decÃa al Dr. Effen que sabÃa de antemano que iba a tener que luchar y le recordaba que Don Quijote era espaÃ±ol!
Sin duda la lucha ha sido muy desigual.
El proyecto de la FundaciÃ³n tambalea y empieza a resquebrajarse.
Hemos tenido varias reuniones, mis colaboradores mÃ¡s cercanos, algunos de ellos compaÃ±eros de lucha desde nuestro recordado Colegio Nacional de La Plata, me aconsejan que para salvar a la FundaciÃ³n debemos incorporarnos al 'sistema'.
JoaquÃn V. GonzÃ¡lez, escribiÃ³ la lecciÃ³n de optimismo que se nos entregaba al recibirnos: 'a mÃ no me ha derrotado nadie'. Yo no puedo decir lo mismo. A mÃ me ha derrotado esta sociedad corrupta que todo lo controla. Estoy cansado de recibir homenajes y elogios al nivel internacional. Hace pocos dÃas fui incluido en el grupo selecto de las leyendas del milenio en cirugÃa cardiovascular. El aÃ±o pasado debÃ participar en varios paÃses desde Suecia a la India escuchando siempre lo mismo.
'Â¡La leyenda, la leyenda!'
QuizÃ¡ el pecado capital que he cometido, aquÃ en mi paÃs, fue expresar siempre en voz alta mis sentimientos, mis crÃticas, insisto, en esta sociedad del privilegio, donde unos pocos gozan hasta el hartazgo, mientras la mayorÃa vive en la miseria y la desesperaciÃ³n. Todo esto no se perdona, por el contrario se castiga.
Me consuela el haber atendido a mis pacientes sin distinciÃ³n de ninguna naturaleza. Mis colaboradores saben de mi inclinaciÃ³n por los pobres, que viene de mis lejanos aÃ±os en Jacinto Arauz.
Estoy cansado de luchar y luchar, galopando contra el viento como decÃa Don Ata.
No puedo cambiar.
No ha sido una decisiÃ³n fÃ¡cil pero sÃ meditada. No se hable de debilidad o valentÃa.
El cirujano vive con la muerte, es su compaÃ±era inseparable, hable de debilidad o valentÃa.
El cirujano vive con la muerte, es su compaÃ±era inseparable, con ella me voy de la mano..
SÃ³lo espero no se haga de este acto una comedia. Al periodismo le pido que tenga un poco de piedad.
This paper explores the link between IPO underpricing and financial markets. In my model the IPO is a mean for a capital constrained initial investor to exit and thereby to raise funds for a new investment opportunity. This investor is privately informed vis-a-vis outside investors about the profitability of the new opportunity and the quality of the firm to be offered in the IPO. He can then use the offer price and the fraction of shares sold as signals of his private information. The model shows that underpricing is not only linked to firm's characteristics, i.e. firm value, but to elements external to the firm, i.e. new investment profitability and financial markets characteristics. In particular higher market efficiency reduces the cost of listing. This results in lower underpricing and the listing of more valuable firm. Similarly, a higher lower bound of the new investment's profitability reduces the information asymmetry and hence reduces underpricing and widens the range of ...
Um caminhÃ£o carregado com uma retroescavadeira perdeu o freio, causando um acidente na BR-277 em Morretes, no litoral do ParanÃ¡, na noite de segunda-feira (7), de acordo com a PolÃcia RodoviÃ¡ria Federal (PRF).
Conforme a PRF, a mÃ¡quina caiu sobre a pista, e o caminhÃ£o tombou. Uma pessoa ficou gravemente ferida. Outra teve ferimentos leves.
Most people outside of Ireland are familiar with only one of Ireland’s airports — the country’s largest in Dublin. However, there are other options that may suit a traveler’s needs. Let me take a moment to introduce you to them and offer a few “insider tips.” DUBLIN Ireland’s capital city hosts the country’s largest airport. […]
PÃ³l Ã Conghaile answers Terry’s question about seeing sites outside of the Capital without renting a car. SHOW NOTES 00:00 Liam talks about Drogheda and Oliver Plunkettâs Head 01:15 Terry asks, “Weâll be in Dublin this September, and want to strike out and see some other parts of Ireland, but we wonât be renting a […]
Uniquely in West Africa, Guinea Bissau follows the latin tradition of holding a carnival on the days leading up to Lent. As a desperately poor country this clearly isn't the extravaganza of the one in Rio, but I had heard that the people make up in inventiveness what they lack in financial resources and so I used some of the precious time I have left in the region to fly down to Bissau for a long weekend to see the carnival parades.
What a good decision that was - I would recommend this carnival to anyone! A riot of drumming and colour!
The parades started at 4pm on Monday, with each of nine districts of the capital putting on their own displays in a relay that lasted until well after dark at 7.30pm (a little sad for those parading last given the lack of street lighting in Bissau), with the same pattern the next day for the regional displays. The basic format was the same for each district, first the dancers in costume, and then those sporting giant papier-mache masks, all accompanied by fast and frantic drumming.
The costumes varied enormously. There were many troupes of near-naked women and girls, wearing just strings of shells and beads with a grass skirt or for some just a piece of snake skin hanging from the waist for modesty, their bodies gleaming with a yellowy sheen of palm oil. I was very surprised at the amount of bare flesh on show for a region of the world where the female body - at least the lower half - is usually very well covered. There were traditional fibre costumes and wooden masks, some of the locally made 'lapa' strip-woven cloth, and some more modern outfits such as army uniforms, the dancers carrying fake machine guns (remember this is a country whose politics is dominated by the army) and in one case handing over the guns, as part of their dance, to women wearing the white of peace - this latter was very popular with the crowd!
Other dances were focused on the need to stop female genital cutting and enforced early marriage. Some included mock fights, or sharing the rice contained in a big calabash, and one involved two men walking around carrying a large live crocodile, its mouth tied shut with pink string. Nobody near me in the crowd could explain the significance of that one.
The papier-mache masks were enormously varied and impressive, from tigers and dragons, pieces of fruit and vegetables, army chiefs and colonial administrators, fishing boats and - my favourite - a turtle mask, its poor 'wearer' having to crawl along on all fours around the carnival route.
The crowd were enjoying it all immensely, pressing forward into the road; every so often the police would hit out with big sticks to get them back into place. Others were perched in the branches of trees to get a better view - and at one point a branch fell with the weight of the people there and a commotion ensued as an ambulance forced its way through the crowd to collect the injured. But nothing could stop the party spirit.
It all reminded me, again, of what it is that makes me so enjoy my life here. It is that Africa, unlike the West, has not yet lost its primitive side. The rhythms are of night and day, and seasons (rather than of clocks and calendars) accompanied by the rhythms of the drums and the wonderfully expressive forms of African dance. They bring both a feeling of being at peace with the environment and a joy in being alive. Perhaps that is why most Africans, despite the pervasive poverty, are usually smiling.
Despite not getting to Angkor Wat, Cambodia ended up offering me a few good experiences. On the last Friday evening I went out for a bit of culture. Not the classical dance, unfortunately, which is hard to find in the capital, but a performance by an arts group of what they called 'Hanuman and the big drum'. There were actually two very big drums, two quite big drums, and a number of smaller drums and gongs. Not to mention a few other traditional instruments (not sure what they are called, but the Cambodian equivalents of the West African balafon and njarka). The drumming was excellent, and was accompanied at one point by some very good male dancers.
The best part for me though was the reference to Hanuman (the monkey god). We were making our way back to our seats after the interval when some 'monkeys' came through the audience area to investigate the empty stage. These were the male dancers but this time wearing sky blue ceramic monkey masks, and displaying all the mannerisms of monkeys in the way they moved, scratched, etc. There was just something about their behaviour, and in those masks, that made all of us in the audience smile, then giggle, and then laugh out loud, and I really did go back to the hotel with a smile on my face and a spring in my step.
Then on my last Saturday morning, just before heading home, I tried out a completely different activity, with a visit to the Phnom Penh shooting range. You can try your hand at everything from AK47s to a Rocket Propelled Grenade (although the latter costs $350). I went for the revolver and the Ruger sniper rifle. The revolver was difficult - the recoil was strong and tilted the gun upwards even before the bullet had left, so all my shots flew well over my target's head.
But I was much better with the rifle. As you can see I didn't manage to hit the actual target (it looks as though I was aiming for his gun instead!), but nine of my ten shots would have killed my target man, and the tenth probably broken his shoulder, which isn't bad for a first attempt.
The Bedik people came to south-east Senegal from Mali in the thirteenth century. They now number around 8,000 people, living in and around seven villages in the hills of this remote corner of Senegal. I came to spend a few days in the âcapitalâ of the Bedik country, the village of Iwol.
Bees are an important part of the history of Iwol. When Alpha Yahya attacked them from his base in Guinea to convert them to Islam, they fled into the surrounding hills, hiding in the caves. But realising that they could not defeat Yahya and his army, they offered their 12 fittest young men as a sacrifice to the villageâs guardian spirit so that the village could be saved. The spirit accepted this offering and sent a swarm of bees to attack Yahyaâs soldiers. The stings were so bad that they all fell down dead on the spot (only Yahya himself survived), and the Bedik got their village back.
At one side of the village is an old, gnarled baobab tree, some 23m in circumference. This sprouted, many centuries ago, over the burial place of some members of the Camara family â which somehow makes it sacred. As the bees now nest in it I suppose it is doubly sacred.
A nice by-product of this is the honey, which the Bedik add to palm wine to make a delicious mead drink.
Whilst many of the Bedik are now Catholic, they are at the same time still animist â having decided, apparently, to maintain this alongside their Catholicism so as not to lose their traditions. An important part of those traditions is the annual initiation ceremony by which the boys of this and nearby villages come of age. Whilst the whole initiation takes some five months, much of it taking place out in the sacred forest, it begins with a public ceremony in the village and it was this I had come to see.
It starts with the presentation by each boy of a cockerel to the village spirit. The cockerel is slaughtered, cut open, and the colour of the inside of its testicles checked â a healthy white and the boy may be initiated, but if this is black then further consultations with the spirits are required. In the worst case it may be decided that it would be bad luck for the boy to be initiated and he has to come back again the next year. Thankfully this possibly traumatic experience (for the boy) is rare, and this year all 18 boys were able to continue.
The cockerel is plucked and cooked over the coals, then skewered with a big stick that is placed in the roof of the initiateâs home, to mark his location. Then the masks appear from the hills â men from the village in a mask costume made from raffia and leaves â carrying big sticks and hunting for the boys. They find the huts with the chickens and try to take the boys, but the villagers are prepared and protect the boys whilst fighting back against the masks with their own big sticks. It is all quite chaotic and it seems some people do end up with some big bruises, but everyone involved sported big grins â it is obviously an event that the villagers really enjoy!
Over the following few days one can hear occasional drumming and shrieking coming from a specially built little hut in the middle of the village, and the boys emerge from time to time to parade around. Their appearance is suggestive of girls at this point, with an elaborate hairdo and earrings, and they stamp their feet rhythmically as they move, so a bunch of iron hooks dangling on their backs jangle loudly. I didnât get the whole of the story behind these parades, but the boys move as if exhausted, and have one or two villagers who support each of them â although occasionally the boys throw off that support and try to make a run for the church at the top of one hill, from where the girls are watching the ceremony. They are always caught and pulled back before they get there, however.
This goes on for some four days but everyone told me I should stay as the ceremony ends with a massive celebratory dance which the whole village attends in their best attire. This dance was supposed to start Tuesday afternoon and go on all day Wednesday, but on Tuesday nothing happened (my guide told me it was because the women had work to do, both the regular work such as the long walk to the well to collect water but also the preparation of food to give to those organising the initiation). On Wednesday the atmosphere was a little different, and there was plenty of millet beer being drunk all around. So much millet beer though that the final dance never happened. I was disappointed, but had to remind myself that it was a part of the village life, and that it was this real village life (rather than dances put on for tourists) that I had come to see. Perhaps if they were better at organising things they would not still be living in a picturesque village without a water supply, holding traditional animist ceremonies, and the women would no longer be wearing porcupine quills through their noses.
Dalam dunia internet ekarang kelihatannya adalah masa keemasan dari situs-situs jejaring sosial. Fenomena Facebook yang sangat digemari (terutama di Indonesia) menjadikan sebagai suatu fenomena teknologi, social dan bisnis yang menarik. Selain Facebook, adalah Twitter yang juga mengalami kenaikan pamor diantara para pengguna internet.
Twitter sebetulnya lebih tepat jika disebut sebagai situs micro-blogging dari pada situs pertemanan/jejaring sosial. Melalui Twitter orang dapat saling berbagi pesan ataupun informasidalam bentuk 140 karakter. Karena hanya memiliki 140 karakter terkadang Twitter suka disebut sebagai âsms internetâ.
Simple tapi powerful, mungkin itu kesan yang bisa terlihat dari Twitter. Bagi para pengguna yang tidak memiliki waktu banyak atau tidak ingin wara-wiri surfing dalam situs pertemanan, Twitter menyediakan cara berinteraksi yang simple tapi efisien.
Coretan Konsep Layanan Twitter Oleh Jack Dorsey
Twitter masuk ke dalam 50 situs yang paling sering dikunjungi . Didirikan pertama kali oleh Jack Dorsey, dari perusahaan podcasting Odeo. Idenya sebetulnya cukup sederhana, mengkombinasikan SMS dengan situs jejaring sosial. Inspirasi dasar Twitter muncul dari SMS group messaging service TXTMob.
Awalnya layanan ini diberi nama âtwttrâ, terinspirasi dari nama situs sharing foto Flickr. Dan layanan ini awalnya juga hanya terbatas digunakan dalam internal perusahaan Odeo saja.
Juli 2006 layanan ini mulai diluncurkan untuk public dengan nama âTwitterâ. Nama layanan situs tersebut diperkuat dengan logo burung dan arti nama âTwitterâ sendiri yang artinya ; kicau burung.Saat peluncuran pertama kali Twitter sudah memiliki brand, nama serta identitas yang jelas, padahal pendirinya belum tahu akan seperti apa model bisnis layanan ini.
Oktober 2006, Jack Dorsey menggandeng Biz Stone, Evan Williams membentuk Obvious Corp untuk membeli asset Odeo serta Twitter. Selanjutnya Odeo dan Twitter menjadi perusahaan yang terpisah. Untuk sumber dana dari Twitter sendiri didukung oleh perusahaan modal ventura (yang umum sering mendanai perusahaan start up yang potensial) seperti ; Benchmark Capital, Institusional Venture Partners, Union Square Ventures. Proses pendanaan Twitter ini menjunjukkan bahwa dalam bisnis teknologi internet seringkali suatu model bisnis awal memerlukan âsuntikan danaâ yang kuat. Karena belum tahu kapan model bisnis ini akan mulai menghasilkan. Sehingga perencanaan keuangan yang kuat mutlak diperlukan agar bisa survive dan menghasilkan cashflow positif.
Tipping point (meminjam judul buku Malcolm Gladwell) dari Twitter muncul pada saat festival music dan film South by SouthWest Festival di Austin Texas 2007. Pihak Twitter dengan cerdik memasang dua layar televisi raksasa untuk menayangkan secara live, pesan-pesan Twitter. Akirnya Twitter mendapat pemberitaan yang positif setelah event tersebut dan angka Tweet melonjak dari 20.000 menjadi 60.000. Dan sampai tahun 2009 jumlah pengguna Twitter terus tumbuh sampai 1382%/ bulan, fantastik. Pelajaran untuk hal ini, bagi para pelaku bisnis, terutama bisnis start-up harus cerdas memanfaatkan momentum untuk mendapatkan pemberitaan positif mengenai produknya, istilah kerennya âtipping pointâ. Bukan suatu hal yang tidak mungkin setelah âtipping pointâ akan terjadi pertumbuhan yang eksponensial.
Twitter terus berkembang menjadi situs micro-blogging dan menjadi media alternatif yang menarik ditengah hiruk pikuknya situs-situs jejaring sosial, dijaman Internet Web 2.0. Twitter tahun 2009 menambahkan kolom pencari (search bar), popular topics yang kemudian menjadi trending topics. Inovasi ini telah menempatkan Twitter menjadi salah satu mesin pencari (search engine) yang khas dan unik. Mencari sesuatu berdasarkan topik-topik yang menjadi tema tweet para âTweepsâ.
Suatu bentuk pencarian yang real-time dan lebih human mind-oriented. Twitter juga menambahkan fitur âTwitter Listâ yang memungkinkan kita mengikuti dan membalas daftar authors, bukan hanya sekadar mem-follow autor individu.
Inovasi-inovasi Twitter tersebut berbuah manis, pada awal tahun 2010, Google dan Microsoft membayar puluhan juta dollar untuk memasukkan hasil pencarian Twitter kedalam hasil pencarian search engine Google dan Bing (milik Microsoft).
Ini adalah bukti Twitter mulai memiliki model bisnis yang potensial. Pesan moralnya adalah jangan pernah berpuas diri, pahami potensi kebutuhan pelanggan anda, lakukan perbaikan dan terobosan teru menerus. âUnderstand your costumers and revolve continuously , good is the enemy of the Greatâ.
Google sebagai pemain besar teknologi internet telah melaunching Google Buzz, sebagai bentuk media sosial Google. Buzz ini terintegrasi dengan layanan Google Mail. Dan Buzz ini bisa jadi sebagai pesaing terbesar Twitter.
Mampukah Twitter bertahan ?
Tapi yang jelas Twitter selama ini mampu memberikan layanan teknologi media sosial yang mampu menarik banyak pengguna, mulai dari individu sampai korporasi besar. Twitter mampu berperan sebagai media sosial alternatif yang menciptakan gaung tersendiri di era Web 2.0.
Sumber : http://www.feedberry.com/2010/03/04/asal-mula-twitter-situs-micro-blogging-terkenal/
Dear Mr. President: Welcome to the Capital Region of New York State.Â I was thrilled when you visited Ghana, my ancestral home in July; now I get to join my fellow Upstaters in welcoming you to where I live and work. While Troy and Hudson Valley Community College feature prominently on your itinerary, Iâd like
Calling all entrepreneurs, academicians, concerned citizens, holders of strong convictions: We need your help.Â Those of us in the business of assisting small business owners would attest to the fact that there’s no shortage of intrepid individuals looking to seek their entrepreneurial fortunes.Â The question is: Does the region support their efforts?Â How do you
A report released today by the OECD has put pay to the trickle down theory espoused by right wingers when seeking to justify the massive incomes of those working at the top of the financial sector.
Those that insist that protecting the interests of the very wealthy will benefit the whole of the economy because they are "wealth creators" is rubbished by the findings of the new report "Divided We Stand: Why Inequality Keeps Rising."
Inequality around the world is rising fast and it's particularly bad in the UK where the top 10% now have incomes 12 times higher than the lowest 10%. This is up from a ratio of eight to one in 1985.
"Trickle down theory is dead. The belief fostered by Ronald Reagan in the US and Margaret Thatcher in the UK in the 1980s, that if the rich got richer, their income and wealth would trickle down the income scale so that a rising tide lifted all the boats, has had the last rites pronounced on it."
So if the rich bankers aren't really creating wealth for society, who really provides it? A good starting point would be a 2009 study by The New Economics Foundation which compared the social value of different occupations. For bankers it found that "while collecting salaries of between Â£500,000 and Â£10 million, leading City bankers destroy Â£7 of social value for every pound in value they generate."
Tax accountants meanwhile destroy Â£47 for every Â£1 in value they generate.
In comparison it showed that childcare workers generate between Â£7 and Â£9.50 and hospital cleaners more than Â£10 of benefits for society for every Â£1 they are paid. The OECD recommends that to stem the tide of rising inequality investment in "human capital" is vital and that "more and better" jobs should be created.
"Once the transition from school to work has been accomplished, there must be sufficient incentives for workers and employers to invest in skills throughout the working life."
We will only recognise these challenges if jobs are created for those who are society's real wealth creators. Stopping the damaging public sector cuts would be a wise place to start.
MPs are to debate e-petitions on the Number 10 website after David Cameron said that all petitions with over 100,000 signatures should be debated in the Commons. This has to be a good thing for democracy - right?
Well, I certainly welcome one of the debates that's now been scheduled which is calling for the release of full range of documents relating to the Hillsborough football stadium tragedy. In fact, I was one of the 138,613 that have signed this so far.
However, the other that's to be debated is of a rather more worryingly reactionary bent in that it seeks the cessation of benefits for anyone convicted of an offence during the London riots. This one has received almost a quarter of a million votes, making it by the far the most signed on the site.
So what can we expect to see coming forward from this initiative? Will it be righteous causes looking to make the way the country is governed more transparent and accountable or will it be a foothold for frothing at the mouth, angry reactionaries and their ill conceived views on what makes a just society?
Some 20,000 signatures have already been put to paper (or rather screen) to bring back capital punishment. Fortunately almost 10,000 more petitioners have signed the one calling for its ban to remain. Hopefully that gives us an indication that two-thirds of the country aren't actually bonkers. Which, when you think about it, is probably about right. Problem is, they're just not always the loudest.
If the most popular e-petition under the last government had been debated, the hapless Gordon Brown would have been faced with a debate calling on him to stand down. So it could be said that Cameron is a brave man for peddling this initiative. However, he's surely safe in the knowledge that Commons' debates rarely lead to any earth shattering change in direction for governments. Therefore this could prove a good way for him to look like he's opening the door to a new kind of politics when really it's nothing of the sort.
I suppose the good news is that you no longer have to be a wealthy donor to have an impact on what's debated in Westminster, you just need to find 99,999 other people that agree with you. Then again if you don't have that kind of influence you could always try the old fashioned route of writing to your constituency MP to ask them to raise your concerns in Parliament.
If I could chose one of the current petitions to get a proper debate it would be the petition calling for public and private pensions to be linked back to RPI rather than the less favourable CPI. The move to CPI in April will see an increasingly poor standard of living for pensioners at a time when fuel and food prices are rising dramatically. Sign it now and let' see if it leads to the government being put on the spot about an issue that really impacts on millions of people's day-to-day lives.
(Studentsâ) success or failure in the public schools will determine the entire body of human capital and educational potential that the nation will possess in the future. Without improving the educational support that the nation provides its low income students â students with the largest needs and usually with the least support â the trends […]
During the last 15-20 years the public sector has faced a number of challenges connected to changing socio-economic, environmental and political factors, including among others:
Demographic changes such as an ageing population, a diminishing working population and increased immigration;
Environmental changes, such as climate changes and shortage of space;
• Urbanisation including pressure on metropolitan areas, commuting and citizens’ demand for housing;
Globalisation, internationalisation and Europeanisation;
Diminishing “social capital”, including participation in elections and mistrust towards public administration and public services;
The emergence of complex social issues, arising from social fragmentation, not susceptible to single agency action and/or one dimensional responses;
Less willingness to increase resources to the public sector, despite higher demands and expectations of citizens for better services.
These issues are strong drivers for change in Europe’s public administrations and generally cut across traditional boundaries of government departments, and in some cases of the responsibilities of different levels of government; this presents challenges to public administrations in the way they deliver their public services. Consequently, a number of profound reforms have taken place and continue to do so at all levels of public administration. The (ultimate) purpose of the different reforms is to make governments more responsive to society’s changing needs and demands.
I had such an amazing time at Capital Reef! I donât really know where to begin.
In March I asked Steve if heâd like to go on a road trip during the summer. We havenât traveled without the boys since before they were born, 24 years ago! He was up for it so I began to plan. I wanted to see Glacier for sure. I also wanted to see a hoodoo. We decided weâd travel to Montana, stay at Glacier for 4-5 days, head to California to see the Redwoods, then to Utah to see the hoodoos. As we tightened up our plans we decided California would be itâs own trip during another adventure.
After we decided on the Minnesota to Montana to Utah adventure I decided to look for a race. Well, I found a 50K just outside the Capital Reef National Park. I hadnât heard of Capital Reef so did some research and pretty soon we decided this was going to be our destination. Good decision!
I entered the race and then I began to look for race reports, the race description, checked out Ultrasignup. I was perplexed that Ultrasignup forecast me finishing in 9:15 hours! My 50K time is usually 6-7 hours. Oh boy.
Soon thereafter I learned that the race is held at 11,700 feet elevation! OK, this 9:15 hour finish time was beginning to make some sense.
Steve and I drove to packet pickup the night before the race. We learned that one of the aid stations would no longer be. An UTV lost its tire while trying to get out there. He became stuck and would have to be towed out. They were trying to figure out how to get it out of there. The aid stations were very remote. There was no crew/pacer access except at one aid station and to get to this station you had to be UTVâd to it. Because of one less aid station this section would be 9 miles long. I vowed to myself that I would fill my bladder at every aid station.
Steve was planning on meeting me at the aid station with UTV access. He would hike to the ranger station, they would then shuttle him to the station. Hopefully I would be able to figure out a rough estimate time that I would be out there.
A few weeks prior to the race Jenny contacted me stating they would be on vacation at the same time and that she entered the race as well! I was so excited to learn I was going to have a running buddy on the course!
Steve and I picked up Jenny for the race start. We swung by their campground, gave kisses to the dogs, said Hi to Paul and buzzed to the start. We were ready!
This race is 100% eco friendly. The toilets at the start / at aid stations were composted, they washed and rinsed glasses at the aid stations, no paper cups, no garbage was tolerated. Fruit rinds and peels were thrown into one bin for compost, wrappers into another. Very cool.
As we were listening to the RD before starting, Jenny pointed to a woman with whiskey hanging off of her waist! We later learned from another runner that she had back surgery and this whiskey was to minimize the pain. Not a good idea.
(Let's go! Jenny, Me)
The RD said to GO so off we went! We started climbing right from the start. The race began at 7500 feet, just out of the Utah desert up on the Aquarious Plateau. When it was 99F a few miles away in the desert, it was 60F up on the Plateau at 11,500 feet. We were so thankful we were on the plateau!
We began following a jeep type trail, through the woods, through the meadows, then up a steep, rocky, shale like mountain. We would jog for a mile, then have to take a walk break, even if we werenât climbing at the time. The air was THIN! I was gasping for air. Seriously.
After a mile or so we veered from the jeep trail and followed a narrow trail, straight up the mountain. It was steep. We just plugged on, trying to keep up a conversation was difficult. Jenny kept on pointing out bear scat. It freaked me out. We talked about what we would do if we came upon a bear. This was a few weeks after the bear attacked a man at Glacier. We had just left Glacier.
As we were moving up this gargantuan mountain, Jenny stopped. She looked off to our right and had a look of concern on her face. I was immediately concerned. I knew it was a fricken bear. We saw all of this dark fur. Upon further assessment, we realized it was a group of 4 very, very large cows, staring down at us. Oh thank god! There were cow all over the place, free range Angus cattle. I was still freaked out.
We moved along, taking pictures as we went. We werenât in any great rush. We were doing what we could, moving forward, taking photos along the way. This was an adventure, a training run, laid back fun day. As we found a great photo op with beautiful views, a woman came upon us. She commented that we seemed to have a lot of fun while climbing the steep mountain. She said she could hear us laughing and she thought weâd be fun to hang along with. Her name was Virginia, from Denver, and she hung with us to the finish! We made some new awesome friends along the way.
(Jenny climbing near the cow sighting)
(We just met Virginia, she took this pic)
The first aid station was only 2.5 miles out. We ran in and learned that we were number 44 and 45! There were only 55 runners or so. This was surprising, that we were nearly last. We were also the only Midwesterners. This did make a difference. I used their bug spray, the mosquitoes were bad at this point, but I donât think I noticed them after. Guess the spray worked! I had a piece of watermelon, filled up my bladder and we moved on, across the meadow.
We ran through the grass, surrounded by alpine lakes, boulders and the remains of big dead animals. Bones, furâ¦it made me wonder..
As we entered a mountain of boulders, we couldnât see a trail, just rock. We climbed and climbed. The views were amazing. The air wasnât. Gasp.
(Boulder Trail. I'm picking my way down)
Our conversation was varied. I shared some recent personal ongoings which caused much laughter. We shared our ailments. We passed around around lip balm, foot potion, salt tabs. We shared a wonderful time and a fabulous race.
This is the most technical race I have ever run. Yes, much more technical than Superior. Between the logs, rocks, roots, it was amazing. The plateau, the alpine lakes, the mountain meadow, this was truly sensory overload.
The Great Western trail up on the plateau is not very frequently traveled. The trail was difficult to pick up a times. We could see flags every so often up in the distance, showing the way, although we couldnât see a trail.
I was looking forward to the third aid station. I knew that Steve was going to try to get up there. He would have to hike a few miles, then ride an UTV to the station. As I was running in, sure enough, there he was. He had a good ride. Was cheerful, enjoying his day. Seeing him there was a big lift.
(Steve took this at the aid station)
We left him and circled around the alpine lake, dotted with a few kayakers. As we ran along Arnulfo Quimare of Born to Run passed us.
A long section was coming up. We knew that there would be no aid for 9 miles. We filled up and moved out. At one point we saw again saw something black and still ahead. I made no bones about it, Iâd turn around and go back to the aid station, a few miles prior, before Iâd chance running into a bear. I asked if I should blow the whistle on my pack. Yes, yes, Virginia and Jenny responded. I blew, nothing moved. Virginia began to creep ahead. Eventually she realized it was a piece of black burned out tree or something. We laughed and moved on.
We were climbing through a dense forest. There was no trail that we could see, only ribbons, telling us where we should go. It was crazy. Pretty soon we came upon a rose bush field-deep rose fragrance, prickly bushes. They had grown in after a burn. Iâve never seen so many roses.
Another woman joined our merry band. Lori was from Phoenix, she ran with us to the finish.
We moved along and came off of the plateau. We climbed down from 11,5000 feet to 9000. I could breath more easily. We came into a section of river. There was a man who ran out of water and was filling his bottle from the river. I was thankful I still had at least half of my pack full. I was carrying an 80 ounce bladder. It was getting HOT as we came off of the plateau. The high in Torrey was 99F. Ugh. We had been running in probably 65-70F on the plateau all day. Pretty awesome.
Eventually the girls all ran out of water. My bladder was larger than theirs so I still had some available. I shared my water with them, asked if they needed any gels or blocks. I had a ton. Jenny shared her chap stick. Virginia shared more sunscreen. We were warm and burning.
We came into the aid station. Oh, happy day! The volunteers were excited to see us, enthusiastic and willing to care for us. I drank a couple glasses of coke, had some watermelon and just wanted to get out of there and on my way. I and Laurie headed off while Jenny and Virginia took care of their needs.
The elevation continued downward. We were able to see some of the red rocks of the canyon in the distance. We were closing in on the finish.
What a most excellent day! To be able to run in such an environment, to be strong and healthy, to run with old friends and to meet new friends, what a blessing! I feel so lucky.
( On the jeep path. Lori, Jenny and Virginia. Closing in on the finish. We can see the canyon, the red rocks, feel the heat. It's coming.)
Jenny and Virginia caught up, we all continued through the red rock, the hot canyon, anxious to see the paved road which would signal we were a mile out from the finish. We were running down, down, down a jeep type path which was red sand. The big red cliffs and buttes were all around us. We were out of the plateau and into the hot hot canyon area. Jenny was crossing over to the side of the path in front of me, she jumped over a little branch. I decided to do the same. I didnât clear the branch! Boom! I fell onto my front, sprawled out and banged the side of my head..on the sand. This was the second time that I had fallen today. Both times I fell upon sand. Crazy.
There it was! We began to run faster, down the trail, across the road, up the driveway to the Resort. Whew! What an adventure!! 10:43 hours of adventure!! Wow!
The finish line was laid back, Jennyâs family was able to make it, Steve was there. We werenât hungry. We hugged, congratulated Virginia and Lori, and headed back to end the day. I had no aches, no pains, no blisters, no problems. I was in my happy place. I had so much fun. I was really thankful to have run the whole race with Jenny and to have met Virginia and Lori along the course. Old friends and new.
This race was very challenging, but oh so much fun! Matt Gunn, the Race Director was really great. The volunteers were amazing. I'd run this again. I'd like to run more of Matt's races. For finishing we received a Tshirt, hat and hand made mug.
What an amazing day. Iâm still smiling! Next up: Voyager 50 Mile.
I wanted to share the results / process of the metabolic assessment that I had today. As I eluded to earlier, last February I began to enter races for this year. I had a long time off from running after neuroma surgery and it just really took a long time for me to be able to run again. 8 months or something dumb like that. Anyhow, that is a long time. When I was able to finally run again, I wanted to run again withOUT pain, withOUT beating myself up. I am also so done with restriction and being hungry all of the time. For years. I just want to run, to feel great, to eat!
I began to research different training methods when I again came across Maffetone low heart rate training. I remembered that my Dad used Phil Maffetone methods as he trained for Grandma's Marathon in 2000. We ran together and it was so awesome! I then saw that my friend, Tracy Hoeg, was training clients using Phil's methods. In February I reached out to her and she was willing to take me on. At first, in order to keep my heart rate at 140 or under, I had to WALK. I'd run a few steps, and walk. It was disheartening, going so slowly, but it wasn't beating me up, either. Every 3-4 weeks Tracy had me run a 10 mile MAF test. At first my MAF miles were in the 12-13 minute mile area. I was discouraged. I had to walk some of each mile to keep my heart rate down. As time went one, I would see great improvement. Pretty soon I was taking off 1:30 each mile, no walk breaks and feeling really good. I couldn't believe that I could run 10 miles, on track, without any ankle pain, without any joint soreness. I had also at this time, added in fats, due to Tracy's and Phil's recommendation.
I'm excited to preform another 10 mile MAF test next Thursday. So today I had an Active and Rest Metabolic Assessment at LifeTime Fitness, Chanhassen. A friend of mine, Heather, is a trainer there and preforms this test. I was so curious to see how my fat burning has increased. I knew that I was doing pretty well, because at Grandma's last Saturday I ran the whole race at 140 HR, had NO issues, it was hot, I did it on one bottle of UCAN. Incredible. I'm the one who needed one gel every 30 minutes.
I had to go into the test fasted. No breakfast, no coffee! I did fine without the breakfast but the coffee was tough! I stopped at Caribou on the way back from the test.
Heather hooked me up to a machine, attached a mask and the computer would read the data from my breathing. First was a rested assessment. I sat in a chair, closed my eyes and relaxed for 20 minutes. I learned that I now burn a lot of fat at rest. 96% of my burn is from fat while at rest.
We then went to the treadmill. After a warm up she had me run at 5.5 mph, 6, 6.5, 7, 7.5 to watch my fat/sugar burn and define my heart rate zones. I burn most of my fat at below 147 HR.
I learned that I should eat more calories. My body burns 2180 just breathing. I burn 2834 going through life, without my workout.
I learned that my VO2 score is 48.7
My heart rate zones/burn
It was very informative and I'm glad that I completed the testing. Heather was very thorough and gave me so much data. There is more information that I still have to wade through. Heather really impressed upon me that I need to eat more food. I have restricted for so many years that this is kind of scary to me but I have made progress. I know that science shows I need to eat more. I'll have another assessment in a few months. It will be fun to compare the data. In other news, Steve and I are heading out for a drive vacation out west next month. We'll hit Glacier National Park to camp and hike for a few days and then south to Utah, where I've entered Capital Reef 50K. It begins at 7000feet elevation and much of the race is at 11000feet elevation. It ought to be a great trip, we are looking forward to it!
The fix is in. Did you know, corporations like General Electric Co. (GE) spend more money on lobbyists than they pay in taxes?
The federal government currently taxes corporations at 35 percent. While many argue the rate is too high, you donât hear companies like GE complaining about it. Thatâs because they arenât paying it.
Over the past 15 years, GEâs federal income tax rate averaged only 5.2 percent. General Electric paid no federal taxes in 2010, despite earning $5.1 billion in U.S. profits. Instead, the company claimed a tax benefit of $3.2 billion.
Meanwhile, GE executives awarded themselves more than $75 million in compensation and paid lobbyists a total of $39 million that same year- all while laying off their own employees.
How was this possible? It was an inside job. General Electricâs tax planning team includes former employees from the Treasury, IRS, and congressional tax-writing committees. GE doesnât have a tax compliance team, it has a tax defiance team.
This is how the revolving door of power works in Washington. Entry-level staffers move to our nationâs capital and work as âpublic servantsâ for a few years. They learn the rules of the game, then cash out in the private sector to help lobbying firms and corporations like General Electric manipulate the system.
And the door spins âround and âround ...
No wonder Fortune 500 companies are so quiet on the sidelines while grassroots America fights to reform the tax code. Theyâve already cut a deal behind closed doors.
With a Republican-led Congress and White House, there is a serious opportunity for tax and welfare reform in 2018. Itâs time to finally level the playing field. Any serious GOP entitlement reform effort must begin with corporate welfare reform.
Everyday families canât afford entire teams of lawyers and lobbyists dedicated to avoiding taxes. We work hard, and play by the rules. Political insiders and corporate America should do the same.
The American people arenât being heard by government because the game is rigged. Washington isnât broken. Itâs âfixed.â
ApÃ³s a morte de Kurt Cobain, Grohl entrou no Robert Langâs Studio em Seattle com o amigo e produtor musical Barrett Jones. ExcepÃ§Ã£o feita para a parte de guitarra de âX-Staticâ Grohl tocou todos os instrumentos das faixas.
Gary Gersh (que jÃ¡ tinha trabalhado com os Nirvana, e que era um âdescobridor de talentosâ da Capital Records) incluiu Dave Grohl no catÃ¡logo da editora. As faixas acabaram por ser misturadas, e o resultado final tornou-se posteriormente no primeiro Ã¡lbum â homÃ³nimo â da banda. Grohl nÃ£o quis que este fosse um projecto de estÃºdio ao estilo One Man Show, entÃ£o trabalhou para formar uma banda de suporte ao Ã¡lbum. Inicialmente, o seu antigo colega Krist Novoselic era o principal candidato, mas ambos ponderaram sobre imagem errada que estariam a dar dos Foo Fighters como sendo uma continuaÃ§Ã£o dos Nirvana. Grohl decidiu convidar outro mÃºsico, o baixista Nate Mendel, e mais tarde o baterista William Goldsmith.
Pat Smear, que era um membro nÃ£o oficial do Nirvana apÃ³s o lanÃ§amento de In Utero, foi adicionado como segundo guitarrista, completando assim a banda. O colectivo realizou a sua primeira digressÃ£o ainda em 1995, abrindo os concertos de Mike Watt. Com o segundo trabalho de estÃºdio, Dave Grohl realizou um feito considerado por muitos mÃºsicos quase impossÃvel. Gravou todas as mÃºsicas do disco, nada mais, nada menos, em somente uma semana. Ele tocou guitarra, baixo, bateria, e cantou em cada uma das treze canÃ§Ãµes compostas integralmente por si. Ã obra! Como precisava de um baterista (jÃ¡ que Goldsmith se havia desentendido e abandonado o projecto), Grohl indagou o baterista das digressÃµes de Alanis Morissette, Taylor Hawkins, sobre a possibilidade de indicaÃ§Ã£o de algum mÃºsico da sua confianÃ§a; para sua surpresa Hawkins voluntariou-se para a banda.
9.Âº BIKE SHOW Durante a tarde de sÃ¡bado, as repousantes sombras do Parque do Cerejal serviram, uma vez mais, de palco para uma boa mostra de motos transformadas, contando, mais uma vez, com a excelente organizaÃ§Ã£o do MC AÃ§o na Estrada. Este ano, o local escolhido para a exibiÃ§Ã£o das motos a concurso foi num cenÃ¡rio militar.
IRIS c/ Orquestra Ensemble Petrov Directamente do Algarve, os Iris fizeram-se acompanhar pela Orquestra Ensemble Petrov, que emprestou uma sonoridade sinfÃ³nica Ã s composiÃ§Ãµes originais e Ã s versÃµes que os Iris habitualmente tocam ao vivo. Domingos Caetano, guitarrista virtuoso, e vocalista de voz aguda, influenciado pelo som que ouviu na juventude nos anos 80 (Hard-Rock e Heavy-Metal), terminou o espectÃ¡culo dedicando a emocionante versÃ£o do famoso âAdÃ¡gioâ de Albinoni a todos os motociclistas que jÃ¡ partiram.
STONE Banda de covers, os Stone sÃ£o um colectivo com boa presenÃ§a e som possante que aqueceu o pÃºblico que se assomava ao recinto da concentraÃ§Ã£o na noite de sexta-feira.
DESPORTOS E ANIMAÃÃO RADICAL Este ano a oferta, embora menos âviolentaâ (sim porque o bungee jumping do ano passado nÃ£o era para todosâ¦), foi mais variada. As opÃ§Ãµes disponÃveis eram o Laser Tag, Sky Bike, Orbit Ball, Human Loop, Parede de Escalada e Slide.
TASQUINHAS VÃ¡rios restaurantes, com extensas esplanadas, onde se pÃ´de apreciar a boa e variada gastronomia beirÃ£. Uma excelente oportunidade para uma pausa, num ambiente calmo e sereno, saboreando um bom vinho em convÃvio com os amigos.
TENDA ELECTRÃNICA Depois das actuaÃ§Ãµes no grande palco, a tenda electrÃ³nica garantiu a animaÃ§Ã£o pela noite dentro com excelentes DJâs. O mote era pÃ´r todo o tipo de pessoal âa bombarâ, e pelo que vimos, o objectivo foi atingido.
ROTEIROS TURÃSTICOS DistribuÃdos com a inscriÃ§Ã£o, os roteiros turÃsticos sÃ£o duas diferentes propostas de passeio pela regiÃ£o, percorrendo as suas melhores paisagens, a gastronomia, as tradiÃ§Ãµes, o artesanato e a hospitalidade beirÃ£.
WORKSHOPS Esta novidade apareceu na forma de passatempos e concursos de pintura para vÃ¡rias categorias.
GNR no local De presenÃ§a discreta, mas efectuando algumas operaÃ§Ãµes Stop, o balanÃ§o foi positivo, uma vez que nÃ£o houve ocorrÃªncia de acidentes graves durante o perÃodo da concentraÃ§Ã£o. NÃ£o foram interceptadas motos roubadas, houve sim alguns autos de contra-ordenaÃ§Ã£o levantados por excesso de Ã¡lcool, ausÃªncia de seguro ou de licenÃ§a de conduÃ§Ã£o, e matrÃculas tapadas ou retiradas. Mas mesmo assim, estas ocorrÃªncias foram em menor nÃºmero absoluto do que em 2006. Tendo em conta que este ano houve uma maior afluÃªncia de motos do que no ano passado, podemos afirmar que, de um modo geral, os motociclistas tiveram um comportamento verdadeiramente exemplar.
Reservations Now Being Accepted for Carnivalâs First-Ever Visits to the Historic Cuban Capital February 14, 2017 â Carnival Cruise Line has received approval to sail to Cuba. The Cuban capital of Havana will be added to select Carnival Paradise voyages from Tampa beginning in June 2017. The overnight visits to Havana will be featured on […]
This is why I love the internet: just two minutes ago I found myself humming "Santa Claus is coming to town" on a dissertation-writing tea break. It suddenly hit me: Santa is the panopticon for little capitalist children! My glee was followed by the certainty that I was not the first person to stumble on this idea. And now, Google in its own panoptical wisdom has proven me correct. I feel a little less original, but also a little less lonely, in the world tonight. cheers.
hey CK... i was actually working on a blog post about a different instance of panopticon when i realized the irony of BLOGGING ABOUT PANOPTICON, that is, critiquing the notion of being surveiled while voluntarily submitting myself to that very process by publishing my thoughts on the interweb where all sorts of invisible eyes pore over my soul.
anyhow, when i saw your post i just had to comment: first of all, i heart Foucault and loathe Santa but never saw the connection between Christmas and panopticonism. [the more obvious link for me would be between kids talking to santa and religious confession (the former read as a modern capitalist form of the latter)-- a ritual Foucault discusses in History of Sexuality: Volume I.] in any case i enjoyed your take on the subject.
secondly, how can you be an internet rock star and resist disciplinary power?? (this is what i ask myself daily...except i'm not an internet rock star, save for my brief mahalo days :-))
Stellus Capital Investment Corporation ( SCQ ) will begin trading ex dividend on July 28, 2016. A cash dividend payment of $0.40625 per share is scheduled to be paid on August 15, 2016. Shareholders who purchased SCQ prior to
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En Chile, profesores y estudiantes de enseÃ±anza secundaria y universitaria convocaron hace dÃas una huelga indefinida en protesta por el proyecto de ley de EducaciÃ³n del Gobierno.
En las universidades espaÃ±olas han tenido lugar diversos actos de protesta en contra del Espacio Europeo de EducaciÃ³n Superior (EEES, mÃ¡s conocido como Bolonia, la ciudad donde tuvo lugar la declaraciÃ³n). Sus detractores opinan que ayudarÃ¡ a privatizar y mercantilizar la universidad pÃºblica, a degradar los tÃtulos, a subordinar el conocimiento a los intereses del mercado, y a hacer de la universidad una escuela de formaciÃ³n profesional donde primen las enseÃ±anzas prÃ¡cticas sobre la reflexiÃ³n, el debate, la crÃtica, la investigaciÃ³n y la discusiÃ³n.
Ãstas son informaciones aparecidas en distintos medios de comunicaciÃ³n durante los Ãºltimos dÃas. Curiosamente, leemos estas denuncias âexpresadas por distintos actores de la comunidad educativaâ cuando se estÃ¡ celebrando el 90Âº aniversario de la Reforma Universitaria que tuvo lugar a partir de los reclamos de los estudiantes de la Universidad Nacional de CÃ³rdoba (UNC), Argentina. Ãstos, al ver que no eran escuchados, irrumpieron en la Asamblea Universitaria que elegÃa nuevo rector el 15 de junio de 1918 y se declararon en huelga indefinida, a la que se adhirieron estudiantes y obreros de todo el paÃs. El dÃa 21 de ese mes apareciÃ³ en "La Gaceta Universitaria" el Manifiesto Liminar de la Reforma escrito por Deodoro Roca y firmado por los dirigentes de la FederaciÃ³n Universitaria de CÃ³rdoba. Durante el mes de julio se clausurÃ³ la universidad âque ya habÃa sido intervenida en abril, por orden del entonces presidente HipÃ³lito Yrigoyen, al incrementarse las protestas estudiantilesâ, el rector elegido por la asociaciÃ³n clerical Corda Frates renunciÃ³ al cargo y el gobierno intervino la UNC, reformÃ¡ndose sus estatutos, renovÃ¡ndose la plantilla docente y siendo introducidos muchos de los reclamos de los estudiantes.
Entre las denuncias que vertÃa el Manifiesto podemos encontrar algunas de las que se lanzan hoy a los actuales modelos universitarios a uno y otro lado del AtlÃ¡ntico:
La universidad argentina a la que se referÃa Deodoro Roca hace 90 aÃ±os estaba atada "a la antigua dominaciÃ³n monÃ¡rquica y monÃ¡stica". La universidad espaÃ±ola a la que actualmente los estudiantes visten con pancartas que dicen "NO a Bolonia" parece dolerse de los intereses mercantiles transnacionales que quieren sujetarla, a los que tampoco ha sido ajeno el Congreso Internacional de EducaciÃ³n Superior celebrado en Cartagena. En 1918 el sentimiento religioso que inspiraba la CompaÃ±Ãa de JesÃºs â "[c]uriosa religiÃ³n que enseÃ±a a menospreciar el honor y deprimir la personalidad. ReligiÃ³n para vencidos o esclavos", escribÃa Rocaâ amordazaba aquella universidad. En el momento actual son las tesis del Banco Mundial derivadas de la teorÃa del capital humano (manifestando que "el estado no debe invertir en educaciÃ³n superior" porque "la inversiÃ³n en educaciÃ³n superior es regresiva") y la resoluciÃ³n de la OrganizaciÃ³n Mundial del Comercio (esa que afirma que la educaciÃ³n superior es un bien negociable) las que coaccionan la libre expresiÃ³n de la comunidad universitaria.
Nos han vendido muchas veces la imagen del "Ãfrica tribal", del "continente negro", de "la tierra del tamtam y la tradiciÃ³n oral", de las "expresiones artÃsticas como medio de transmisiÃ³n de saberes"... Los clÃ¡sicos de Hollywood, los libros de viajes de los exploradores del s. XIX, y el enorme imaginario popular creado de a poco probablemente hagan que pensemos en un Ãfrica hecha de danzas exÃ³ticas y cantos mÃ¡s exÃ³ticos aÃºn, y en pueblos sin escritura, sin libros y, por supuesto, sin bibliotecas.
QuizÃ¡s algunos se sorprendan cuando cuente que uno de los grandes centros de saber de ese continente âuno de la talla de otros grandes nÃºcleos contemporÃ¡neosâ estaba en el borde mismo del desierto del Sahara, en uno de los cruces de rutas comerciales mÃ¡s importantes de aquella regiÃ³n del planeta.
Se llamaba ây aÃºn se llamaâ Timbuktu. Y hoy pretendo contarles un poco de su historia y de la de sus libros.
[Resulta increÃble la enorme cantidad y variedad de ciudadesâestados, imperios y confederaciones que surgieron y desaparecieron en Ãfrica antes de que la historia europea alcanzara a esos pueblos. Muchas veces estamos dispuestos a creer que allÃ no hubo historia ni nada digno de menciÃ³n hasta la llegada de exploradores como Livingstone, Stanley, Burton... Pero, como dije al principio, no son mÃ¡s que partes del imaginario popular].
Es un UNESCO World Heritage Site desde 1988, debido a sus mezquitas hechas de adobe y barro, una imagen que proporciona a esa ciudad ây a otras de la regiÃ³nâ un tremendo halo de misterio. SegÃºn se dice, las siluetas de esas construcciones inspiraron al arquitecto catalÃ¡n Antonio GaudÃ. Lamentablemente, la ciudad se estÃ¡ desertificando, y ha sido declarada en peligro desde 1990. Tan misteriosa es que una encuesta de 2006 realizada entre jÃ³venes britÃ¡nicos arrojÃ³ que el 34 % no creÃa que la ciudad existiese, y que un 66 % la consideraba "un lugar mÃtico".
El nivel alcanzado por la producciÃ³n de libros y conocimientos entre el s. XVI y XVIII hicieron que se acuÃ±ara un refrÃ¡n, que sirve como testamento a esa brillante era: "La sal viene del norte; el oro, del sur; pero la palabra de Dios y los tesoros de la sabidurÃa vienen de Timbuktu".
Existen varios proyectos internacionales conjuntos que pretenden rescatar todo ese patrimonio. En agosto de 2002 se mantuvo el Ink Road International Symposium en Bamako (capital de MalÃ). En 2006, un esfuerzo conjunto de los gobiernos de MalÃ y SudÃ¡frica permitiÃ³ comenzar la investigaciÃ³n al respecto. UNESCO ha iniciado el Timbuktu Manuscript Project, y en la ciudad, una fundaciÃ³n se dedica a la preservaciÃ³n de documentos histÃ³ricos. No quedan artesanos del libro, aunque existen muchos recuerdos de ese oficio, que constituyÃ³ una industria floreciente hace mucho tiempo.
He dicho, a veces, que fuimos mucho mejores hijos âen la medida en que supimos plantar cara a nuestros padresâ que padres âen la medida en que no supimos plantar cara a nuestros hijosâ. Con nuestra actitud ây la potencia integradora de las contradicciones que el capitalismo tieneâ les hemos dejado sin espacio para la trasgresiÃ³n .
 Extracto del artÃculo "ContestaciÃ³n mundial" de Josep Ramoneda en EL PAÃS del sÃ¡bado 20 de abril.
In a cover story for TIME Magazine, award-winning journalist and TIME editor-at-largeÂ David Von Drehle explores the decline of capital punishment in the U.S. Â Von Drehle offers five significant reasons for the drop in death sentences, executions, and public support for the death penalty in the United States. First, he cites persistent problems with the administration of the death penalty: botched executions and a lengthy appeals process that fails to identify wrongful convictions for decades, if at all. Second, he points to the falling crime rate, showing that support for the death penalty has closely tracked the national murder rate throughout the 20th century. The third reason Von Drehle gives is the erosion of the justification for capital punishment. Life without parole sentences provide an alternative way to ensure that a murderer will never be released and an equivalent to "[w]hatever deterrent capital punishment provides." He also describes the historical use of executions as a tool of white supremacy. While he notes that "the overt racism of the old order is now plainly unconstitutional," the system remains plagued by economic bias, as a result of which "[t]hose without the capital get the punishment." Fourth, he highlights the financial cost of the death penalty, which has led some prosecutors to decide that death sentences are simply not a priority within a constrained budget. Finally, he says, "Actions of the legislatures, lower-court judges and governors can all be read by the Supreme Court as signs of 'evolving standards of decency' in society," which the U.S. Supreme Court may eventually see as justification for striking down capital punishment. He concludes, "The facts are irrefutable, and the logic is clear. Exhausted by so many years of trying to prop up this broken system, the court will one day throw in the towel."
<p>Nice well-argued piece.</p>
<p>Expansive monetary and fiscal policies in the late 1960s/early 1970s appear to have contributed substantially to increases in real oil prices. The critical intermediate variable is the expected real interest rate which was low or negative for many years during that period.</p>
<p>In Engel's explanation, the real interest rate represents the opportunity cost of oil inventories. In other models, lower real interest rates would increase output and the demand for oil through investment or increases in the labour supply, especially if the rate shocks are not fully anticipated.</p>
<p>Those looking for a tight correspondance to current reality may not find one. The real costs of borrowing capital have gone up. (See the balloon that some US banker floated on the weekend about re-pricing the LBO/privatization of Canadian telecomm giant BCE lower than the C$42.75/share agreed to last summer.)</p>
<p>If unexpected higher real energy costs are hinting at the increasing obsolescence of the current capital stock, increased expectations of slower growth could easily drive real borrowing costs higher.</p>
<p>There is a more mundane explanation. Markets have generally been awful at forecasting oil price demand elasticities in this decade and have given up <i>over analyzing</i> demand on the assumption of significant inertia in global demand due to robust emerging economy demand. Anything else in the larger economy is treated as spurious noise in this radical decoupling view.</p>
<p>FWIW, I'm betting that the price of oil declines between now and October 2008 and natural gas prices will increase in the same time period. Oil and gas stock markets look like they are just starting to heat up. Refineries will drag down integrated company earnings.</p>
Reblogged this on <a href="https://lamagadelbarrio.wordpress.com/2015/04/22/in-loving-memory-of-chris-chitty/" rel="nofollow">Maga__ Barrios</a> and commented:
The academy, the left, the world lost an impressive being yesterday.
Christopher Chitty lived in Santa Cruz and studied the history of homosexuality, war, and capitalism at UC Santa Cruz. He has written for The New Inquiry, and archives images at derivedworld.tumblr.com.
To Finish Reading: Towards a Socialist Art of Government: Michel Foucaultâs âThe Mesh of Power'â â https://viewpointmag.com/2012/09/12/the-mesh-of-power/
[...] banks and corporate chains by rushing the crowd of marchers. The resulting scuffle ended in 19 arrests. In an effort to ostracize the arrestees, police released photos of arrestees to local newspapers [...]
Peter Geoghegan offers an enlightening "semi-personal reflection" on the Irish border and Brexit.
"If a week is a long time in politics and thereâs plenty of evidence for that at the moment, perhaps eight months will seem a veritable eternity." Even so, Stodge forecasts next May's London borough elections.
Christian Wolmar asks if there is any price the proponents of HS2 will regard as too steep for their cherished scheme.
"Education should be about kindling a thirst for knowledge â children discovering who they are, what brings them joy and what does not, how to work, how to learn and how to think." Music is an essential part of that discovery, says Philip Viveash.
Patrick Patterson, perhaps the most fearsome of Caribbean fast bowlers, disappeared into oblivion in the 1990s. Bharat Sundaresan seeks him out.
The city is hot. The temperature has slowly increased over the past few days, but that hasn?t stopped me from my chosen evening watch. Only a few weeks ago fires raged North west of here, fueled by unpredictable winds. People are starting to wake up to the hell this country is heading toward. I can only hope enough will wake up to the fact in order to stop the increasing tide of government control.
Our youth is being indoctrinated to believe all capitalism is evil. They are being fed a diet of poison at the public schools. Before long kids will be turning in their parents for misdeeds against nature or animals, perhaps one day it will be a crime to have meat more than once a week, and some unlucky parent trying to raise a healthy young child will be turned in. Unfortunately it is not to hard to imagine, a young kid happy that they had meat twice in one week and telling a school friend, and that friend telling the teacher. The next sound would be the parent hearing the verdict of the judge.
This country is not the one I was born in. I put on this costume to protect the innocent against criminals. I don?t know what side I?m on any more. When it become illegal to have meat more than once a week, should I start stalking the kitchens in the neighborhood? No. I will never in crouch on the personal liberties of an individual, I?ll leave that to our government.
You may think I?m joking about having meat more than twice a week, but I?m not the seeds have already been sown. The youth in the public schools are already seeing videos produced by activists with one purpose in life, to see a government that controls every aspect of our lives. The video is out there its called ?The Story of Stuff?, and it?s dangerous it gives kids the wrong idea of capitalism, it tells them that having things is bad, that being warm in the winter and cool in the summer is bad, that having food to eat is bad.
Sometimes I have to stop myself and laugh at the absurdity of this country.
We can only have meat once a week, but already in congress they are passing a bill to set aside more meat for the zombies. They say this will keep them from killing normal humans. Appeasement didn?t work with Germany and it won?t work with the zombies. With the pro-zombie congress and president, normal humans are in dire straits.
I am the Mirrorman, when I look into the soul of a normal human, with a wife a kid and a job. I see fear.
Obama and Biden appeared on MTV today in a very refreshing interview with Sway about Thursday's debate and what the Obama policies mean to the younger generation. Obama addressed his treatment of American voters, the problems facing Iraq and Afghanistan veterans, and the effect of the economic bailout on our generation. It's not often that you see a politician target an audience with such success.
Obama reigns when it comes to character. He obviously went the diplomatic route when Sway steered the questioning towards who won the debate, explaining the point wasn't to win, but rather to inform the American people of the differences between the two candidates. But even though Obama is still rowing a political boat, I believe that he's trying to arrive at a humane and decent destination.
"I think the pundits and the press, you guys are looking at tactics. What the American people are looking at is they might lose their job ... they might lose their house...What's relevant is the substance of this thing, which is people out there are hurting, and John McCain has promoted the same policies of George Bush, and people know they're not working. They understand we can't continue four more years of doing the same thing."
But the instance that I was most excited about (and I hope it excited any other half-interested person under the age of 25) was Obama's explanation of the $700 billion bailout and what is happening in the economy. My happiness came partly because I've spent most of my morning on the internet, trying desperately to figure out what exactly is going on in the economy and how it got this way. I've been reading The Guardian, a short history of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, an Economic Times article on the recent re-structuring of both Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, the Wikipedia pages for "bailout," the SEC, and GSEs, and I even called my father to try and understand what the fuck is happening and whether it will affect me. And after reading all of that and slowly coming to grasp just the smallest crumb of understanding, it was lovely to hear Obama's rationalization of the economic crisis:
"If the credit markets collapse, what it means is banks aren't lending businesses money. Businesses then can't invest in plants and equipment and make payroll, so they shut down. And that means the suppliers of those companies, they shut down. Over time what happens is you get the whole economy coming to a standstill. That's what happened during the Great Depression," he explained. "And at that time, it was just banks that were in charge of capital. Now you've got all different ways that money flows ... but the bottom line is, that if money freezes up, businesses can't do business, and you get an enormous contraction of an economy. And that, ultimately, will affect that 20-year-old, because that 20-year-old is going to be looking for a better job after he gets out of school. ... If our businesses aren't creating jobs, they're not creating tax revenues â now it's harder for government to finance that college education or to build that new university. So it has a ripple effect."
His explanation is a little basic, but that's actually what our generation needs. We're the ones who grew up inside a nearly virtual system of currency. Most young people have no idea how to balance a check book, let alone have a detailed understanding of how banks work or how to invest in the stock market! Obama understands this, and I think that he's being honest and straightforward about the effects of the economic crisis on our future. The bottom line is, I trust Obama. I trust that he will bring a good change to this country. I trust that he will make decisions with his electorate's best needs at heart. I trust that he is in this presidential race to spur forth America's progress, not to make himself a powerful figure in history. I trust his judgement, I trust his humanity, I trust him.
La prima domanda che sorge Ã¨ come sia possibile, come possa accadere che sia aperto un capitolo di spesa enorme a fondo perduto (i cacciabombardieri non fanno certo uscire dalla crisi) in un momento di cosÃ¬ grande difficoltÃ . Per trascurare a denti stretti i risvolti etici di una scelta di questo tipo e senza che un Parlamento ormai in vacanza e ipnotizzato da tempo, sia scosso da un moto di orgoglio e indignazione corale.
Cosa Ã¨ cambiato oggi? Qui possiamo farci unâidea del progetto e sbirciare fra gli ordini. Come mai lâItalia dopo USA e Gran Bretagna ha la maggior commessa allâinterno della UE superando per ordini uno stato come Israele (con ben altre problematiche di difesa)? Come mai paesi nella tempesta economica come Spagna, Grecia, Irlanda, Portogallo, i P.I.G.S. per intenderci, ne sono rimasti saggiamente fuori? Domande per ora inevase. Mi chiedo dove siano i giornalisti dâinchiesta, mentre sulle testate dilagano scialbi opinionisti con la barba grigia o bianca, o massicci pachidermi in vena di pontificare per lâuna o lâaltra parte, consiglieri di principi inesistenti. Questo atteggiamento della maggior parte dell'informazione serve solo a conservare interessi particolari, distrarre, non far ragionare, ma far parteggiare, quando invece ci sarebbe da scoprire quali sono le effettive e irrinunciabili prioritÃ di una spesa semplicemente folle. Quali sono le minacce alla nostra integritÃ nazionale che la giustificano in un drammatico frangente economico come lâattuale?
Una penosa evidenza Ã¨ manifesta. Quella di apparati, in questo caso lâesercito, che in modo autoreferenziale si cibano di risorse economiche senza alcuno scrupolo, mancando evidentemente da decenni urgenze difensive a livello nazionale ed Europeo. Detti apparati cannibalizzano lo stato di cui dovrebbero essere componenti, divorando capitali che potrebbero aiutare la crescita economica, produrre occupazione e ricerca. Si sa allâinterno di dette strutture questi e anche danni peggiori sono considerati collaterali, necessari e sostenibili. Lo sono anche per i comuni cittadini?
Ci sono organizzazioni, in questo caso gli eserciti, che hanno la tendenza ad autoalimentare il loro potere ed inevitabilemnte ed indipendentemente da chi le guida si espandono nel corso dei decenni come una proliferazione cellulare incontrollata e possono arrivare allâestremo di soffocare lo stesso organismo che dovrebbero proteggere, lo Stato, come accaduto in America Latina, Africa e Asia a piÃ¹ riprese. La mancata cancellazione di questa assurda commessa per 131 velivoli da combattimento, passata ora a 90 velivoli, certificherebbe lâavvenuta separazione fra gli interessi dei cittadini e del paese, ora in una gravissima crisi, rispetto allâesercito che dovrebbe tutelarne il benessere. Eâ una divaricazione da evitare salvo poi andare incontro ad amare conseguenze.
In giro per l'Europa ed in Italia sta evidentemente serpeggiando un malessere profondo, che partendo da dati oggettivi, sorti dalla crisi economica, si sta manifestando in modi che non conoscevo. Penso in particolare al demone della paura ed alla sua declinazione successiva ed inevitabile: l'odio. La miscela di povertÃ , paura ed odio Ã¨ stata, non dimentichiamolo, il combustibile che ha incendiato l'Europa nel XX secolo ed i quasi 70 anni di pace che abbiamo alle spalle sono ormai un capitale che per i piÃ¹ Ã¨ cosa scontata o sconosciuta per diretto raffronto con il suo contrario: la guerra.
Non sono state le BANCHE, almeno in passato, ad aver rilasciato crediti che hanno prodotto ricchezza e lavoro (quindi anche ricchezza ridistribuita)? Non Ã¨ FINANZA quella che attraverso i BTP ha dato risorse per servizi di cui tutti usufruiamo, pagato stipendi di tanti dipendenti pubblici, prodotto occupazione, cultura e ricerca e fatto crescere i risparmi degli Italiani? La POLITICA non Ã¨ l'unico strumento che abbiamo per tessere una democrazia fallace e limitata, ma di cui non si conoscono alternative che non siano tirannide, oppressione, tortura e morte? Le TASSE non sono a loro volta pilastri nell'erogazione di servizi? Queste domande paiono ormai per molti contemplare solo una risposta sprezzantemente negativa.
Le forze politiche, alcune in particolare, se ne sono accorte e pur di recuperare o allargare il consenso in modo spregiudicato accolgono come eroi personaggi che sequestrano impiegati armati di tutto punto. La complessitÃ ed il tentativo di capirla ed interpretarla, anche attraverso inevitabili errori, Ã¨ lâunica via che abbiamo davanti. Lâodio, le frontiere chiuse, il nazionalismo, hanno al contrario essenzialmente bisogno di generalizzazioni e semplificazioni, dove il male sta tutto da una parte. Nascono cosÃ¬ i nemici, necessari ai demagoghi per costruirsi anche un consenso.
Ho l'impressione che il meccanismo si stia avvitando su se stesso, producendo un progressivo alzarsi dei toni, delle decisioni e delle azioni, non a caso giunte ad approdi sempre piÃ¹ violenti. Avete la stessa impressione?
E' ancora possibile tornare a fare dei distinguo basati su ragionamenti o c'Ã¨ solo spazio per i demoni?
Well, this week has been tough for the country, heck even the world. Credit is drying up, markets are in a panic, small businesses are laying off employees in droves. I saw this personally with bank loans this week on a travel trailer I own.
I am not at all happy about the federal government getting involved in this crisis, but the country and small businesses are in a complete panic. A local company auto dealer laid off nearly 40 employees this week. Sales are at an all time low - from about 150 cars per week being moved to 20 per month.
I am fortunate enough to not have car payments, but everything I have is at least 12 years old. 88 honda civic 91 honda civic 96 chevy suburban
All paid for. I can't image a car payment on top of my mortgage and property payments.
I do think that this regulation is leading us towards socialism. Whats amazing is that many Americans know how to solve this problem without more tax payer money. It's simple conservative economics.
- The USA needs to go into complete isolationism - Get out of NATO and foreign entaglements - Stop supporting foreign dictators who hate us - Become completely energy independent through wind, nuclear and oil drilling. - destroy the welfare state and limit welfare to 12-18 months one time - start using land to farm additional crops. The world is coming to a food shortage. - Export goods instead of import - Diversify the workforce and have Americans learn to farm again - Drill, Drill, Drill and export what oil we don't use. - Nuclear power and wind power to charge autos of the future - plug in hybrids - Upgrade the energy grid to support this new infrastructure - Broadband internet and technology connectivity everywhere to stimulate this diversified workforce, telecommuting - Build a huge wall at the border, tazer anyone coming across the border illegally - Get rid of regulation and zoning which deprives land owners from significant value and possible small business start-ups - Reduce the capital gains tax from 0-5% to get businesses to bring their money back to the USA - Reduce building regulations so land owners can build low cost houses on their own. It costs more to permit a mobile home than it costs to put a used one on a piece of property. It's extorsion and artificial inflation of the market to increase government's taxable property value.
Do this and watch this economy boom....
If only the politicians were not so entagled with their own special interest groups.. this could be implemented and America would once again lead the world in productivity, exports and wealth.
A blogger called MichiganFarmer has quoted "Our totalitarian government has, by stealthy encroachment, taken our basic rights away and is forcing us to buy them back as privileges, permits, and licenses. This is not freedom.". Lets break this down.
Source - Dictionary.com
totalitarianism, a modern autocratic government in which the state involves itself in all facets of society, including the daily life of its citizens. A totalitarian government seeks to control not only all economic and political matters but the attitudes, values, and beliefs of its population, erasing the distinction between state and society. The citizen's duty to the state becomes the primary concern of the community, and the goal of the state is the replacement of existing society with a perfect society.
Encroachment is a term which implies "advance beyond proper limits"
Does any of this sound like a free society? - What happened to Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness? We all need shelter, water and food and even these basic rights have been violated.
Shelter - Need building permit + Ton of fees
Food - development permit for over an acre of land in California + requires water, hunting licenses and fishing licenses.
Water - illegal to drill a well in California for your own needs without using a C-57 licensed driller specializing costing you about $6000-20,000.
I thought that this is the one exact sentence that shows us the state of our country and it's distance from the founders. Jefferson believed that the people would have to occasionally rise up and wash out the government and start over.
"The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants." - Thomas Jefferson
Each day that goes by with the government is becoming more cradle to grave, anti free-market and anti-capitalist. The people want the government to allow us to have our own energy independence. The people are sending a clear message to the politicians and they are not listening. It's time to continue the Revolution Ron Paul started. Government is too big, too costly and is strangling it's working class by the neck to support a welfare state. Something will change in time. I have personally lost faith in our system, it's politicians and activist judges. It is no longer functioning to it's original purpose. I can only trust that God is putting us through this turmoil to bring us a reformer.
To the liberals - YOU cannot put enough solar panels on your car to make it function- plus the power to charge batteries has to come from somewhere- either more solar or wind power.
WE NEED DOMESTIC OIL RIGHT NOW. There is a gap between technologies that may be viable and the available infrastructure such as the state with hydrogen. Live in reality - most liberals would rather see our internal destruction with our economy before we drill more oil on our lands and make more refineries.
La pelÃcula empieza como todo en Los Ãngeles: en la autopista. AquÃ es donde Sebastian conoce a Mia, gracias a un desdeÃ±oso claxon en medio de un atasco, que refleja a la perfecciÃ³n el estancamiento de sus respectivas vidas. Los dos estÃ¡n centrados en las esperanzas habituales que ofrece la ciudad. Sebastian intenta convencer a la gente en pleno siglo XXI de que les guste el jazz tradicional y Mia solo quiere acabar por una vez una prueba de casting sin que la interrumpan con un âgracias por venirâ. Ninguno de los dos espera que su inesperado encuentro les va a llevar por un camino que jamÃ¡s habrÃan podido recorrer solos.
âNot quite my tempoâ. Si alguna vez lo fue, no es este precisamente el mejor momento para creer que los suenÌos se cumplen, para sincronizarse con expectativas vitales demasiado halaguÌenÌas. Pero ahiÌ estaÌ siempre el musical, inasequible al desaliento del puÌblico perezoso, que aparece por Hollywood perioÌdicamente con su abrasivo poder de apelar al revival nostaÌlgico, capiÌtulo ClaÌsicos Revisitados, ganando la partida a base de abrumarnos con su grandilocuencia (Los miserables),su despliegue de luz (Mamma Mia!) o su aparatosidad (Chicago, Nine). Incluso en su vertiente de estudiada rebeldiÌa,el musical a contracorriente (Todos dicen I Love You, Bailar en la oscuridad, Hedwigâ¦) busca siempre un milagro. Pero, Â¿cree el espectador del siglo XXI auÌn en los milagros? Hollywood piensa que siÌ, y Damien Chazelle se apunta al voluntarismo. Los milagros soÌlo existen si hay gente dispuesta a creer en ellos. Esto es cine del espiÌritu, ese que confronta la parte iÌntima del espectador con sus ilusiones y le pone ritmo al saldo negativo resultante.
Chazelle, con maneras de chico prodigio que se hace pasar por tu colega (algo que ya generoÌ haters en Whiplash) consigue que el buen rollo no llegue nunca a dar mal rollo. Estamos (esto sigue siendo Hollywood) ante un intento de rehabilitacioÌn del sistema (la casta), que sabe incluir piÌllamente las autocriÌticas. Nada funciona ahiÌ fuera, pero todaviÌa podemos ser felices. Algunos diraÌn que es adocenamiento, mainstream o un enganÌo capitalista maÌs, otro lavado de cara, un canto a los (maravillosos) anuncios de Coca-Cola de los 80. Seguramente, pero asumaÌmoslo pronto: como trampantojo de musical a contracorriente, es perfecto. Un artilugio formidable, un vendaval de encanto arrollador no apto para prejuiciosos. Para empezar porque, volviendo a Whiplash, retrata con humor (nota mental: jamaÌs unir samba con tapas) y muÌsica el miedo al fracaso (y no tanto la buÌsqueda del eÌxito, como antanÌo) a traveÌs de una historia de amor de gente con talento, otro de los mantras del director y guionista. Para continuar, porque muÌsica y coreografiÌa, esenciales, son de una distincioÌn apabullante, incluso en medio de un atasco. O tal vez por eso. Y, para acabar, porque hay truco: da un revolcoÌn al concepto de final feliz. Apelando al jazz, estas MelodiÌas de Hollywood trasladan inteligentemente, como Coppola llevaÌndose Corazonada a Las Vegas, el rito del musical claÌsico (esencialmente unido a Nueva York y Europa) a la Costa Oeste. HabiÌa musicales en los estudios (Cantando bajo la lluvia lo sublimoÌ), pero La La Land convierte el paisaje imposible de Los AÌngeles en el mejor No Lugar para replantearse el geÌnero con apariencia low cost. De la mano de unos tan intensos como afortunados Stone y Gosling, carismaÌticamente reunidos en una funcioÌn a dos, combina cheek to cheek el alma del musical optimista con la profunda desolacioÌn tapizada de terciopelo, resacosa de champaÌn barato en Nochevieja de la contundente New York, New York de Scorsese. Oh, milagro, saldraÌs del cine bailando y lo proclamaraÌs al mundo cantando. Luego te iraÌs dando cuenta de que, a la postre, este extraordinario musical pone en duda el triunfo del amor con una sonrisa. La La Land tararea nuestro fracaso.(CINEMANIA)
Una de las mejores pelÃculas que vamos a ver este aÃ±o. LecciÃ³n de cine.
Normalmente no me interesa el cine musical, pero tengo que reconocer que desde su arranque esta pelÃcula me enganchÃ³ y a medida que avanza en su desarrollo crece hasta convertirse en una de las mejores pelÃculas del aÃ±o que ahora acaba de empezar. Tiene ademÃ¡s el ADN de la pelÃcula nominada a los Oscar y muchas papeletas para ser una de las ganadoras. Me dio la impresiÃ³n de que Damien Chazelle, que ya nos habÃa sorprendido muy gratamente con su trabajo en Whiplash, ha conseguido todo aquello que se propuso lograr, pero no logrÃ³, Francis Coppola con una de sus pelÃculas mÃ¡s arriesgadas pero peor comprendidas en su momento: Corazonada.
Que Dios nos perdoneâ se sitÃºa en Madrid, en el verano de 2011. La crisis econÃ³mica, el Movimiento 15-M y el millÃ³n y medio de peregrinos que esperan la llegada del Papa conviven en un Madrid mÃ¡s caluroso, violento y caÃ³tico que nunca. En este contexto, los inspectores Velarde (Antonio de la Torre) y Alfaro (Roberto Ãlamo) deben encontrar a lo que parece ser un asesino en serie cuanto antes y sin hacer ruido.
El director RodrÃguez Sorogoyen presenta este film en la secciÃ³n oficial del 64 ediciÃ³n del Festival de Cine de San SebastiÃ¡n.
Relata un thriller trepidante ambientado en EspaÃ±a en el verano 2011, durante la visita del Papa a EspaÃ±a. MÃ¡s allÃ¡ de la bÃºsqueda de un asesino en serie que ataca con violencia a ancianas, vemos los entresijos de la violencia. Es una pelÃcula sobre las relaciones personales que se establecen durante la resoluciÃ³n de un caso, que levanta tensiones. Relaciones laborales que se cuajan en la desconfianza y otras mÃ¡s complejas que van ganado en matices. Porque hay mucho de discrepancia inicial entre los dos inspectores protagonistas. Desde la contenciÃ³n de Antonio de la Torre, construido desde el caparazÃ³n de su tartamudez, y su torpeza para las relaciones, a la rabia desbordada de Roberto Ãlamo, que se construye desde la impulsividad, la agresividad y el exceso. La resoluciÃ³n del caso, nos adentrara en los rincones de estos dos personajes, y nos acerca a esa dificultad extrema para gestionarse emocionalmente.
Mientras los personajes ganan en complejidad, se va desvelando la personalidad de otro ser agazapado, audaz, inconmovible, que como un animal herido, se encuentra en el otro extremo. No ha podido dar un paso adelante, y enriquecerse con la interacciÃ³n. Escondido, espera para desplegar toda su rabia, su incapacidad para amar, acercÃ¡ndonos y encuadrando los entramados de la violencia mÃ¡s extrema.
La propuesta nos acerca un mosaico atractivo de personajes, que con un ritmo muy logrado, envuelve al espectador en la resoluciÃ³n misterio, y explora en las dificultades y las bondades de la interacciÃ³n.(MARAI.Barcelona).
......De un volantazo, Rodrigo Sorogoyen, que ya escudrinÌoÌ aceras, portales y azoteas de la villa en ese thriller retorcidamente disimulado que es Stockholm, enfrenta ahora a dos policiÌas con un enemigo de troniÌo. Y, no, no es el asesino al que buscan como puente de redencioÌn para sus propios demonios, sino una presencia mucho maÌs poderosa. La ciudad entera, sofocante y atormentada, un Madrid sudoroso al que Sorogoyen enfrenta con dos de nuestros mejores hombres de peliÌcula: detraÌs de la fuerza desbordada de un imponente Roberto AÌlamo (aquiÌ tiene, al fin, el papel en cine que pediÌa a gritos) y la contencioÌn asfixiante de Antonio de la Torre, que llevan la tradicioÌn policial espanÌola de los rescoldos de Brigada Central a las puertas de un truedetectivismo de asfalto mesetario, se eleva como una sombra una presencia urbana temible.
Cine negro a pleno sol, el terrible agosto madrilenÌo ya tiene su noir de referencia, maÌs nevillesco que canalla, apoyado en un costumbrismo esforzado y bien entendido que encauza el pasado reciente (estamos en 2011) como en No habraÌ paz para los malvados, que opone el Madrid popular a la rive droite y que sale a la calle para dar prueba del enfrentamiento soterrado entre poderosos y parias. SoÌlo la preocupacioÌn por una resolucioÌn criminal de doble salto mortal con tirabuzoÌn y tentetieso final acorta el recorrido de una peliÌcula que confirma que, desde la capital de esta EspanÌa, hoy es imposible llegar al cielo sin pasar por un auteÌntico purgatorio de sangre y atascos.(CINEMANIA).