Satan in a Sunday Hat        

As most of you probably won't be familiar with the above term, I shall elaborate. Ok, I'll give you a clue- it's another True Blood reference. The term is used by the characters Tara and her cousin Lafyette- a term they've inherited from Tara's alcoholic (but delusively devout) mother Lettie-Mae, meaning that 'if something looks too good to be true, then it probably is.' I just love in Season Two when Lafyette tells Tara that her new beau Eggs is 'Satan in a Sunday hat, girl. I'm trying to tell you, Satan in a f***ing beautiful Sunday hat.' You gotta love Lafyette. Anyway- for me- this phrase kind of sums up the whole vibe of the show. From the title sequence onwards, the juxtaposition of religious fanaticism and ecstatic spirituality with images of sexuality, violence and decay captures that whole Southern Gothic vibe that the entire show encapsulates. The contradictory images of religious purity and sexuality, violence and death kind of point to the idea of dark truths that lurk behind the stereotypically polite/devout Southern facades, and this idea continues to be explored throughout the entire programme. First of all, you've got the central relationship; you have Bill- a dark, dangerous, mysterious Vampire and Sookie- a pure, innocent, blonde-haired, blue-eyed virgin; two entirely different characters, one a metaphor for darkness and the other for light- falling desperately in love with eachother.

I love the way that the use of wardrobe in the programme reflects this theme; suddenly, the sweet, sundress-wearing Sookie is getting bloodstains on her floaty white nightgown courtesy of the the smoldering, leather-clad Bill Compton and his piercing fangs. The scene where she runs barefoot through the graveyard in the darkness to make love to Bill for the first time, said flowing white nightie glowing faintly in the moonlight, just makes my heart stop. The mix of dark and light seems to be mirrored by the pure and good Sookie Stackhouse with her golden tan, sunshine hair and floral prints getting mixed up in the dark and seductive world of stone-cold, deathly-white Vampires. Likewise, you've got Lettie Mae attending Gran's funeral in her Sunday finest, church hat and all, when really she is an alcoholic who believes she has a 'demon' inside of her. Then you've got the Fellowship of the Sun Church storyline in Season Two- Steve and Sarah Newlin are all sunny smiles and matching, buttercup-yellow outfits, when really they are leaders of a vampire hating cult (basically a metaphor for deluded, religiously fanatic homophobes who call themselves Christians.)  The entire idea of darkness lurking beneath an exterior of beauty is summed up by Tara in season one, when she rages at her newly-reformed mother and her church-going friend that 'you can lie to yourself and everybody else, but when you go to bed, you just as f***ed up and miserable as I am, and going to church, and wearing a crazy-ass hat, ain't gon' make you a better person.' (Yes, I did spend ages going through each scene on the box set to find that exact quote, and yes, I did have to replay it 3 times before I got it word-for-word ;-) ).


Anways, let’s get onto the fashion. About this time last year, when I first got into True Blood, I was totally loving the whole Sunday dress/ church hat/southern Belle theme but with added creepy vibes that was depicted in parts of the show’s wardrobe. Think old-fashioned white church dresses complete with matching hats and fans from the blood-spattered worship scenes in the opening sequence, and Sookie’s lemon coloured sundresses accessorized with none other than Alice bands and bleeding fang punctures. It seemed like everywhere I went there were pretty, chiffony vintage dresses in respectable knee-length styles and candy colours which were just begging to be taken to church and worn with a Sunday hat/vintage fascinator. For weeks, my head was filled with visions of old fashioned hair rolls (like Sookie’s when she wears the lilac chiffon dress Bill buys her) and pleated fabric in pastel hues. However, one can’t exactly stroll down to Sainsburies in this sort of attire. I waited patiently, but sadly, I didn’t exactly receive heaps of invites to attend christenings, summer weddings or holy communions (or one of those gospel choir concerts in the Deep American South that you always see in films like Forest Gump and The Color Purple. Is it weird that I’ve always wanted to go to one and wave one of those fans? Ok, don’t answer that.) 

I did get to work the look at a few occasions that summer, but sadly, my fashion dreams didn’t get to be lived out any more than that, so I’ve decided I’m carrying on with the theme this spring. I have a holy communion to attend this May, and I’m already SUPER excited about my outfit. I did find the perfect dress- it was kind of like the blue one Kate Middleton wore when she and Prince William posed for all those engagement piccies- but it had to be altered and it sort of got totally ruined and butchered in the process. I know- don’t.  It was gutting. But after seriously mourning my vintage tragedy, I had to take a deep breath and let it go. These things happen. (Although I still haven't had the heart to throw it away.) But hey, I’ve always got my never-ending store of ideas inside my head- I’m sure I’ll pull something from my imaginary vault.
 Me working Sunday-dress chic at a wedding back in the summer
Moi again, taking my vintage dress for a spin on the dancefloor

So. I'm thinking pale, pretty ice cream hues, faded floral prints, nipped in waists, airy cotton fabrics, sun-bleached gingham, cream lace tights, ankle socks, softly falling pleats and tea-coloured accesories, but all with a dusky, faded sort of look to imply a Gothic undertone. Think crumpled cotton Sunday dress, dusty from a dirt road in the Southern heat, or Sookie in her cherry-print sundresses with a devilish flash of cleavage. Or I'm thinking I could add a subtly dark, creepy undertone by patting on some deep red lipstick with my finger for a bloodstained lip effect. I think there's always something a little creepy anyway about looking too sweet and innocent and perfect- like with china dolls. They have those pretty porcelain faces and angelic curls and those huge, innocent, long-lashed glassy eyes- but everyone finds them a little bit scary. Here are some pictures which capture the creepy, Southern Gothic, dark-meets-light ambiance of True Blood and the whole Satan in a Sunday hat concept. Be inspired, be very inspired :-)
Grainy image of gospel-worshipers from the opening sequence
Lettie Mae in her Sunday best

Sunny smiles and hate messages; Sarah Newlin with her 'no special rights for dead people' apron.

  A graveyard steeped in darkness provides the perfect backdrop for Sookie in her pale blue printed sundress.

         Another haunting still from the opening sequence

           Lettie Mae works florals and a hat at Gran's funeral.
Sookie wearing a white cotton sundress for a date to solve vampire mysteries at Fangtasia
Sookie looking like 'vampire bait' in another fifties style sundress

Classic Sook on the right. I cannot even tell you how much I love Sookie's yellow ensemble. Just the perfect look to solve vampire crime in Dallas.
I felt it deserved two pictures ;-)
Seductive, smouldering Bill in his dapper vampire finest, and Sookie looking sweet as sugar in her lilac dress (the one he buys for her- awwww) and her hair swept up in that elegant forties-style hair roll. This picture just makes me fall in love with the gorgeous Bill just a little bit more each time I look at it.
LOVED this moment. Sookie unwrapping the beautiful lilac dress from Bill...

Collection of images from the opening credits...kind of a mood board for the creepy Southern Gothic vibe.
Beautiful image from the film adaptation of Alice Walker's The Color Purple
Another still from The Color Purple
 A few of the vintage dresses I have to work with. From left: yellow floral dress, only £2 from Greenwich Market! (Was altered ALOT though), bright blue dress (the one that got ruined-it's too short and the hem is wonky) purchased from an old lady selling her old clothes, dusky blue one-shoulder dress, Greenwich Market (was taken up a lot), floral dress, Rokit Vintage, yellow pleated skirt, purchased from the aforementioned old lady (also taken up a lot).
Same but without the bright blue dress.

Also, I've recently got really into lookbook.nu, a website where anyone can join and post pictures of their outfits. It's an online treasure trove of endless style inspiration, and I must admit that I am a little obsessed. One girl that I'm a fan of is Dee. N, whose sugary sweet Sunday dress and straw hat looks are totally part of the inspiration behind my Satan in a Sunday hat look. Do check her out, she's amazing!
Thanks for reading, and please leave your comments :-) xxxx 
          Gel Lyte III - Blue Print / Orange        
Gel Lyte III - Blue Print / Orange

Gel Lyte III - Blue Print / Orange


          Blue Print Kimono        
Last week West Quay in Southampton hosted its Student Lock in again which basically is an event for students where some shops offer higher discounts than usual. At first I wasn't sure whether I wanted to go because the queue I saw last time just looked endless, but this time we only had to wait for like 3 minutes which was great. I was really excited about going to New Look because I had seen their new range online before and it was all Moroccan inspired Kimonos and flowy clothing which is just so perfect for summer (although I won't even go on holiday) and I picked up a gorgeous blue Kimono that I just can't wait to wear with white tops and shorts (provided that I finally stop stuffing my face with unhealthy food and get up and do some sports). 

We also went to Miss Selfridge where I picked up a pair of Jeans. I absolutely hate buying Jeans just because they're such an investment and I really hate spending much money on them, but I have bought a pair from Miss Selfridge about 3 years ago and absolutely loved it, however it keeps getting more and more holes and I have got it fixed about 3 times now and at some point it was just time to get a new pair really. 

The top I am wearing in this outfit is from New Look, but I bought it last year so I guess that's not available anymore, but there's plenty of white tops around everywhere at the moment, so I guess you won't have a problem finding a cute one :)


Have you already stocked up your summer wardrobe?

Conny xx


          Armani Jeans Mens Blue Printed Regular Fit L/s Shirt        
Armani Jeans Mens Blue Printed Regular Fit L/s Shirt

Armani Jeans Mens Blue Printed Regular Fit L/s Shirt

Long sleeve shirt with a full button through fastening by Armani Jeans, featuring an all over contrasting check print with a contrasting Armani Jeans Eagle logo embroidered to the chest and button through fastening cuffs.


          Armani Jeans Mens Blue Printed S/s Shirt        
Armani Jeans Mens Blue Printed S/s Shirt

Armani Jeans Mens Blue Printed S/s Shirt

Short sleeve shirt by Armani Jeans, featuring a button down collar with an all over contrasting print and a full button through fastening to the front.


          Armani Jeans Mens Light Blue Print Regular Fit L/s Shirt        
Armani Jeans Mens Light Blue Print Regular Fit L/s Shirt

Armani Jeans Mens Light Blue Print Regular Fit L/s Shirt

Long sleeve shirt with a full button through fastening by Armani Jeans, featuring an all over contrasting stripe print with a tonal Armani Jeans Eagle logo embroidered to the chest and button through fastening cuffs.


          Carmelo Anthony Traded to Knicks        
Finally, Carmelo Anthony will now be a Knick.

Reports are abound that the Denver Nuggets, the New York Knicks and in lesser extent, the Minnesota Timberwolves all agreed in a multi-player mega deal that finally put an end to the Melo-drama trade speculations.


Though the deal is yet to be formalized, the Denver Nuggets let go Carmelo Anthony to his favored city to play at [Knicks] along with Chaucey Billups, Shelden Williams, Anthony Carter and Renaldo Balkman. In return, the Nuggets will get Danilo Gallinari, Raymond Felton, Wilson Chandler and Timofey Mozgov plus draft pics. Minnesota, as part of this deal, will get Eddy Curry and Anthony Randolph. There are other things involved but those are said to be the player movements.

Melo probably feels like leaping for joy at the top of the Empire State Building no less with this development. He has long given signs that New York is where he wants to play. Not to mention, he also get the $65 million extension.

For the price of giving four NBA starters for Anthony's talents, the New York Knicks are clearly following the blue print of the Miami Heat. And New York can still add another star come 2012.

With Melo, playing alongside Amar'e Stoudemire, the Knicks should be a shoo-in to make the playoffs in the next three seasons at least. And MSG can stand for Melo-Stoudemire Garden.

But to win a championship? they need solid bench play and, of course, defense.


          Asics Gel Respector Blue Print Suede Shoe H6V0L 5151        
Asics Gel Respector Blue Print Suede Shoe H6V0L 5151

Asics Gel Respector Blue Print Suede Shoe H6V0L 5151

Asics Footwear Collection Initially launched in 1991, this Gel-Respector™ model has an all-over suede upper in rich coloring with a molded EVA midsole for extra mid foot support Same rich coloring in the layered heel design and TPU heel protector round out the premium look Neoprene lining Perforated toecap Material: Suede and neoprene upper Rubber sole


          Girls Modest Short Sleeve Pink and Blue Floral Spring Easter Peasant D        
product_13607042

Here is a modest spring peasant dress for girls. This sweet, simple cotton peasant dress is made with two coordinating floral print fabrics. The loose-fitting bodice has a light, dusty blue background covered with different shades of blue as well as light pink flowers. The gathered skirt has light pink roses on a darker pink background. A contrasting band of the blue print fabric is separated from the rest of the skirt with a pretty light blue ribbon. This modest short sleeve dress is perfect for spring and would make a pretty Easter or church dress, but it is also not too dressy for every day play if you prefer. A great addition to any girl's spring wardrobe. This girls size 6 dress fits a chest size of approximately 25"-26" and measures 34" in length. All seams have been professionally finished with a serger. Two matching hair bows come with the dress to add the finishing touch to the outfit. *********************************************************************** Thank you for visiting Joyfully Sewn Designs! If you would like a similar dress in another fabric combination and / or size, please contact me, and I would be happy to create a special order just for you.

Price: $37


          Girls Modest 4th of July Patchwork Ruffle Peasant Skirt Size 5/6        
product_13192706

Here is a handmade patchwork 4th of July skirt for girls. Made with six coordinating red, white, and blue print fabrics, this fun twirl skirt is the perfect thing for all of your Independence Day activities! Polka dots, chevron, stars and stripes, and flag bunting all combine together into a one-of-a-kind patchwork ruffle skirt. This long modest skirt has plenty of fullness for running and play. Whether worn to your 4th of July parade, Memorial Day picnics, or just anytime your girl wants to show her American spirit, this ruffled peasant skirt is sure to please. This girls size 5/6 patchwork ruffle skirt measures 23 inches in length and has an elastic waist of approximately 20 inches. The elastic can be adjusted on request. All seams have been professionally finished with a serger. *********************************************************** Thank you for visiting Joyfully Sewn Designs! If you would like a similar skirt in another size and/or fabric choice, please contact me (bottom of page), and I would be happy to work with you on a special order.

Price: $35


          Inuit Quick book understand chart of accounts        

Understand your chart of accounts

By Smith Solace

The chart of accounts is the backbone of your accounting system. That's why it's so important to understand how it works.

Think of a chart of accounts as a file cabinet, with a file for each type of accounting information you want to track. For example, if you need to know how much money you spend on postage, you'll set up a file (an account in the chart of accounts) for Postage Expense.

Although you aren't required to use account numbers in your QuickBooks chart of accounts, your accountant may recommend that you do so.

What are standard chart of accounts number ranges?

Standard chart of accounts number ranges

Assets

Assets are things your company owns. They're usually divided into two groups–current assets and fixed assets. Current assets are generally numbered from 1000 – 1499. These are assets that you can easily turn into cash, such as checking accounts, savings accounts, money market and CD accounts, accounts receivable, and inventory. So you might want to use account number 1100 for your company checking account because a checking account is a current asset.

Assets are things your company owns. They're usually divided into two groups–current assets and fixed assets. Current assets are generally numbered from 1000 – 1499. These are assets that you can easily turn into cash, such as checking accounts, savings accounts, money market and CD accounts, accounts receivable, and inventory.

Fixed assets are usually numbered from 1500 – 1999. These are items with a minimum cost (for example, $500) that you would have to sell to generate cash. Automobiles, equipment, and land are examples of fixed assets. For example, suppose last year your company bought a new computer system for $1,100. Since the cost of the system was more than $500, the purchase was entered to an asset account rather than to an expense account. Consult your accountant or tax preparer to determine the actual minimum cost you should use to determine fixed assets.

Liabilities

Liabilities are funds your company owes. For example, say your company borrowed $20,000 from the bank. When the $20,000 loan was deposited to the checking account, the deposit was entered in the liability account Bank Loans, not an income account.





Capital

Your capital account structure depends on whether your company is organized as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation.

If your company is a sole proprietorship, you need a Capital account and an Owner's Drawing account. Use the Capital account to keep track of the total amount of money you've invested since starting the business, plus or minus the net profit or loss each year since you started the business. Use the Owner's Drawing account for money you take out of the business for personal use, such as checks to the grocery store, dry cleaners, ATM transactions, your salary, and any money that gets deposited into your personal accounts. It's important to keep in mind that the owner of a sole proprietorship doesn't get a regular "employee" paycheck with money deducted for payroll taxes. Instead you pay quarterly estimated taxes, which you should always allocate to the Owner's Drawing account.

If your company is a partnership or LLP (Limited Liability Partnership), you need to set up Capital and Drawing accounts for each partner.

If your company is an "S or C corporation" or an "LLC corporation," it should have a Common Stock account and sometimes a Preferred Stock account. Common stock and preferred stock represent the total sum of stock the company has issued. An LLC might have Member stock if there is more than one person who owns stock.

Equity/Capital

Your capital account structure depends on whether your company is organized as a sole proprietorship, partnership, or corporation.

If your company is a sole proprietorship, you need an Equity account and an Owner's Drawing account. Use the Equity account to keep track of the total amount of money you've invested since starting the business. Use the Owner's Drawing account for money you take out of the business for personal use, such as checks to the grocery store, dry cleaners, ATM transactions, your salary, and any money that gets deposited into your personal accounts. It's important to keep in mind that the owner of a sole proprietorship doesn't get a regular "employee" paycheck with money deducted for payroll taxes. Instead you pay quarterly estimated taxes, which you should always allocate to the Owner's Drawing account.

If your company is a partnership or LLP (Limited Liability Partnership), you need to set up Equity and Drawing accounts for each partner.

If your company is an "S or C corporation" or an "LLC corporation," it should have a Common Stock account and sometimes a Preferred Stock account. Common stock and preferred stock represent the total sum of stock the company has issued. An LLC might have Member stock if there is more than one person who owns stock.

Income or Revenue

"Income" or "revenue" is the income you get from your normal day-to-day business tasks, such as professional fees, income for services rendered, reimbursable expenses, or products you sell.

Job or Project Costs/Cost of Goods Sold

Job or Project Costs, or Cost of Goods Sold, are all the costs associated with your line of business. For example, if you're a home builder, the job costs are whatever it costs you to build a home, including direct labor, materials, subcontractors, and equipment rental. If you sell products, this includes cost of inventory, raw materials, freight charges, and any labor for building the finished goods. Other examples of project costs include reimbursable expenses such as overnight mail, court costs (for an attorney's office), blue prints (for an architect), and purchases made on behalf of the customer such as furnishings bought by an interior designer or auto parts bought by a mechanic.

Job Costs/Cost of Goods Sold

Job Costs (also called Cost of Goods Sold in QuickBooks) are all the costs of building your product. If you're a home builder, the job costs are whatever it costs you to build a home, including direct labor, materials, subcontractors, dump fees, and equipment rental. If you design homes, the job costs include all your costs of designing a home, such as design labor, drafting materials, supplies, and engineering costs. If you do both designing and building, you'll have both sets of costs.

Project Costs/Cost of Goods Sold

Project Costs (also called Cost of Goods Sold in QuickBooks) are costs that relate to your projects. For professional service businesses, project costs are the costs that you incur in order to complete a project. Project costs are also referred to as direct costs. For example, if you hire an outside consultant and his or her time is billable to the customer, that is a direct or project cost. Other examples of project costs are reimbursable expenses such as overnight mail, messenger service, court costs (for an attorney's office), blue prints (for an architect or engineer), and purchases made on the behalf of a customer, such as furnishings bought by an interior designer or computer parts bought by a computer technician.

Cost of Goods Sold

Cost of Goods Sold includes the cost of raw materials, freight charges for getting raw material to a warehouse, labor for building the finished goods, and freight charges for getting the goods to the customer. For manufacturing businesses, the Cost of Goods Sold includes the costs incurred in producing or building a product. For a wholesale business, Cost of Goods Sold are the costs of the goods you purchase for resale. for a distributor business, Cost of Goods Sold are the costs to purchase and distribute goods to the customer.

Overhead Costs or Expenses

Overhead Costs, or Expenses, are fixed costs you have even if you run out of work. Examples include rent, telephone, insurance, and utilities.

Other Income

Other Income is income you earn outside the normal way you do business, including interest income, gain on the sale of an asset, insurance settlement, a stock sale, or rents from buildings you own.

Other Expense

Other Expense is an expense that's outside of your normal business, such as a loss on the sale of an asset or stockbroker fees



About the Unified Chart of Accounts (UCOA)

UCOA© is the Unified Chart of Accounts for nonprofit organizations that was developed by the California Association of Nonprofits (CAN) and the National Center for Charitable Statistics (NCCS). This standardized chart of accounts was designed so that nonprofits can quickly and reliably translate financial statements into the categories required by IRS Form 990, the Federal Office of Management and Budget, and other standard reporting formats. UCOA also seeks to promote uniform accounting practices throughout the nonprofit sector. UCOA was developed by a consortium of various nonprofit organizations.

Importing UCOA

QuickBooks includes a copy of UCOA. It is used automatically if you create your company file using the EasyStep Interview and select Nonprofit for your industry type. If you want to import the UCOA (for example, if you did not use the EasyStep Interview to create your company file, or if you created your company file with QuickBooks Pro), go to the Nonprofit menu and choose Import Nonprofit Chart of Accounts (UCOA).

Using UCOA in QuickBooks

To add an account that is not in UCOA, add it as a subaccount of an existing account. For example, if your organization tracks membership dues for youth, adults, and seniors separately, you can create three subaccounts of 5310 Dues and call them 5311 Youth, 5312 Adults, and 5313 Seniors.

Note: In general, the accounts in the Unified Chart of Accounts are sorted by type in the following order:

  1. Assets
  2. Liabilities
  3. Equity (net asset accounts in nonprofit terminology)
  4. Income and expenses
Chart of accounts

A complete list of a company's accounts and their balances. Use it to track how much money your company has, how much money it owes, how much money is coming in, and how much is going out. When you created your QuickBooks company file, QuickBooks set up a chart of accounts for the company.

The accounts that appear on the balance sheet are called "balance sheet accounts." Other accounts track particular kinds of expenses or income.

To open the chart of accounts:

  • Go to the Lists menu and click Chart of Accounts.
  • Go to the Company menu, choose Lists, and click Chart of Accounts.




Example of standard account numbers

Although you aren't required to use account numbers in your chart of accounts in QuickBooks, your accountant may recommend that you do so. Here are standard chart of accounts number ranges:

10000 - 19999 Assets
20000 - 29999 Liabilities
30000 - 39999 Equity
40000 - 49999 Income or Revenue
50000 - 59999 Job Costs/Cost of Goods Sold
60000 - 69999 Overhead Costs or Expenses
70000 - 79999 Other Income
80000 - 89999 Other Expense

10000 - 19999 Assets
20000 - 29999 Liabilities
30000 - 39999 Capital
40000 - 49999 Income or Revenue
50000 - 59999 Project Costs/Cost of Goods Sold
60000 - 69999 Overhead Costs or Expenses
70000 - 79999 Other Income
80000 - 89999 Other Expense

10000 - 19999 Assets
20000 - 29999 Liabilities
30000 - 39999 Capital (Equity)
40000 - 49999 Income or Revenue
50000 - 59999 Cost of Goods Sold
60000 - 69999 Overhead Costs or Expenses
70000 - 79999 Other Income
80000 - 89999 Other Expense


  
 
How to use account registers (chart of accounts)

Each register is a record of all activity that affects that account's balance. You can use your account registers to enter most transactions (checks, bills, deposits, and so on) as well maintain the account (make adjustments, void transactions, and so on) In QuickBooks, only balance sheet accounts have registers. Income and expense accounts do not.

  • Opening a register
  • Jumping to a transaction in a register
How to enter...

  • Statement charges (in a customer or A/R register)
  • Checks, bank deposits (in a bank account register)
  • Bills, vendor credits (in an A/P register)
  • Split transactions
Other operations with registers

  • Editing a transaction in a register
  • Moving a transaction to a different account
  • Transferring funds from an account register
  • Printing a register
  • Voiding or deleting an entry in a register
Saving time

  • Using the calculator
Reference information

  • Table of transaction type codes


     

Add to your chart of accounts

When adding a new account to your Chart of Accounts, if QuickBooks can suggest accounts (or subaccounts) that you might want to use, they display in the Example Accounts window and you can add them to your Chart of Accounts. This saves you data-entry time.

To do this task

  1. Click the account (or subaccount) in the Example Accounts window to select it.
  2. Click OK.
  3. In the Add New Account window, review the account information and change it if necessary.
  4. Save the information. (Now the account appears in your Chart of Accounts.)
Notes:

  • If a parent account is grayed-out, it is already part of your Chart of Accounts and you cannot add it again; however, if there are any available child subaccounts, you can add them.
  • If child subaccounts are grayed-out, but the parent account is not gray, you must add the parent account and then you can add the child subaccounts. (Both parent and children display when the parent is not part of your Chart of Accounts, to show you the account hierarchy.)
  • If you delete an account from your Chart of Accounts, it will appear in the Example Accounts window.
























Before you add a new account

You add new accounts as your business grows and changes. For example, you may need to add one or more of the following accounts:

  • Income accounts to track new sources of income
  • Expense accounts to track new types of expenses
  • Bank accounts when you open new checking, savings, or money market accounts at your bank
  • Credit card accounts when you acquire new credit cards

  • Other kinds of balance sheet accounts to track specific assets, liabilities, or equity
    For example, you may need to add a fixed asset account to track the depreciation of a new equipment purchase, a long term liability account to track a business loan, or an equity account to track the investment from a new business partner.



  • What information do I need to add an account?

  • When you add a new account, have the following information on hand:
    • All bank statements (checking, savings, credit card, etc.) ending on or shortly before your start date.
    • All transactions for your bank accounts that were not recorded (cleared) as of your start date.
    • Value of your assets, liabilities, credit cards, and other accounts as of your start date. If you have an accountant, he or she can provide you with this information on a balance sheet.
    • Customer names and the amount owed to you as of your start date.
    • Vendor names and the amount you owed to those vendors as of your start date.
    • All historical transactions (checks, invoices, etc.) made since your start date through today.


    When you add a new account, have the following information on hand:

    • All bank statements (checking, savings, credit card, etc.) ending on or shortly before your start date.
    • All transactions for your bank accounts that were not recorded (cleared) as of your start date.
    • Value of your assets, liabilities, credit cards, and other accounts as of your start date. If you have an accountant, he or she can provide you with this information on a balance sheet.
    • Customer names and the amount owed to you as of your start date.
    • Vendor names and the amount you owed to those vendors as of your start date.
    • All historical transactions (checks, invoices, etc.) made since your start date through today.
  • What if I use a credit card account for both business and personal expenses?
  • It's recommended that you keep a separate credit card for your business expenses. If you have a business credit card that you occasionally use for personal expenses, set up an account for it in QuickBooks. Do not set up a QuickBooks account for a personal credit card that you sometimes use for business. In either case, you'll need to set up a special account to track your "mixed" purchases.



  1. If you use account numbers, enter the account's number in the Number field.
    Example of standard account numbers

Although you aren't required to use account numbers in your chart of accounts in QuickBooks, your accountant may recommend that you do so. Here are standard chart of accounts number ranges:

10000 - 19999 Assets
20000 - 29999 Liabilities
30000 - 39999 Equity
40000 - 49999 Income or Revenue
50000 - 59999 Job Costs/Cost of Goods Sold
60000 - 69999 Overhead Costs or Expenses
70000 - 79999 Other Income
80000 - 89999 Other Expense

10000 - 19999 Assets
20000 - 29999 Liabilities
30000 - 39999 Capital
40000 - 49999 Income or Revenue
50000 - 59999 Project Costs/Cost of Goods Sold
60000 - 69999 Overhead Costs or Expenses
70000 - 79999 Other Income
80000 - 89999 Other Expense


 
What if there is no Number field?
If the Number field doesn't appear in the New/Edit Account window, the account numbering feature is turned off.


 
  1. (Optional) Enter a short description of the account in the Description field.
  2. (For bank or credit card accounts) Enter a bank or credit card number for this account.

  3. (Optional) To make this account a subaccount, select the Subaccount of checkbox and then click the drop-down arrow to select the account under which this account will be added.
    Why use subaccounts?

    Loading, please wait . . .


  4. (For income and expense accounts) Click the Tax Line drop-down list and choose the appropriate tax line, or choose <Not tax-related>.
    Why should I select a tax line?

    How do I select a tax line?

    If you're a sole proprietor who files a Schedule C, and you have a main revenue or sales account, choose the Sch C: Gross receipts or sales tax line.

    Keep in mind that the business tax lines closely approximate categories that most businesses use.

    To avoid duplication in your income tax reports, don't associate both the parent account and the subaccounts to tax lines. Associate only the subaccounts to tax lines, as this will provide you with more detail in your reports.

    Restriction regarding balance sheet accounts

    What if the list of tax lines is missing?


  5. If the Enter Opening Balance button displays, you can enter the opening balance for the account.
    Enter the opening balance for the account


  6. (For balance sheet accounts) Enter an opening balance based on the account's balance as of your QuickBooks start date. If you're not sure of the balance, you can leave the field blank and enter the information later.
    If the account is new

    If the account is an A/R or A/P account


  7. (For expense accounts only) To track reimbursed expenses as income, select the Track reimbursed expenses in: option, click the Income Account drop-down list, and then choose the appropriate income account. If this option is not visible, you must reset your preferences for sales and customers.
    Set preferences for sales and customers


  8. Click Next to save the account and enter another one.
    or

    Click OK to save the account and close the window



It's recommended that you keep a separate credit card for your business expenses. If you have a business credit card that you occasionally use for personal expenses, set up an account for it in QuickBooks. Do not set up a QuickBooks account for a personal credit card that you sometimes use for business. In either case, you'll need to set up a special account to track your "mixed" purchases.

          Solving San Francisco’s Planning Paradox        
www.jeeptours.us/tours The City’s work on the physical and economic development of San Francisco does not happen by accident. Rather, this work is guided by a set of overarching objectives and principals that help form a strategic blue print for San Francisco’s future. In true San Francisco fashion, that strategy starts with a paradox. On the
          Comment on 60 Years Ago Aldous Huxley Predicted How Global Freedom Would Perish by Rachel Thompson        
I largely agree. I figured out long ago,with other studies aside the ones you note, how and why psychopaths/sociopaths rise to power. The term sociopath may be off but I don't keep up with what's new in the DSM nomenclature anymore. One of the things that helped me see what the ruling elite monster class is up to was Kennedy's assassination, yeah our own people did it--Turman saw it coming too. The evidence is there so I thought what kind of person or group of people is capable of that? I studied comparative religions, anthropology,history and psychology to put together the blue print of what makes people and leaders tick. It's always been this way, as it is now, just different tools and inhuman tricks applied but always done and for the same psychologically dynamic reasons. It's in the wiring. I'm always after the core reasons for things. Extrapolating forward, and knowing the past well, I've come to the conclusion that our psychopath class will, in fact, lead us over a cliff as a species--they can't stop themselves and neither can we stop them. We are on a rail to our own extinction. It's inevitable as human nature has never changed, but out capacity for self harm and harm of others has increases dramatically and is now overrunning our own capability for species survival.Only universal critical thinking can save us and that has never happened before nor will it now.The big picture is bleak. As an anthropology geek I find it interesting.hard to say when civilizations will collapse again,but we my not be far off.
          Silk Printed Trousers         
Silk Printed Trousers

Silk Printed Trousers

A loose fitting pyjama style trouser from Marc Cain, orange and blue printed silk with elasticated waistband and side pockets. A must have for the season ahead! Silk Elasticated waistband Side pockets


          MARSHALL PRESENTS: #SESSIONS:012 – SECOND ALBUMS        

Following up a great debut is never easy but some people seem to make it an artform. Here are 10 classic tracks off some of the most classic second albums of all time!

Regarded as one of the best and most influential heavy metal albums of all time, Black Sabbath really hit the big time with ’Paranoid'. Take a moment and listen to the classic track about that ”iron bloke” off Black Sabbath’s absolut masterpiece of a sophomore album!

Often credited as a blue print for heavy metal, referred to as one of the most influential rock albums ever and frequently found near the top of the 'greatest albums of all time’-lists  Led Zeppelin II is an undisputed timeless classic. It’s hard to believe they managed to write such classic tunes on the road inbetween shows. Can you ever get enough of ’Whole Lotta Love’ off Led Zeppelin’s outstanding second?

The release of Jimi Hendrix’s ’Axis: Bold as Love’ was put in jeopardy after he lost the master tape of side one in the backseat of a London cab. But by a miracle they managed to get it out on time after an overnight session spent remixing most of side one and smoothening out a wrinkled tape recording of ’If 6 Was 9’ with an iron. Who new ironing could be so rewarding? Start this weekend by showing some appreciation for Hendrix’s absolutely brilliant sophomore album and listen to ’Little Wing’!


          Last MAJOR INTERIOR Project, REALLY!        
I know it's been quite a while since anything was published, but I want to say that the LAST MAJOR INTERIOR PROJECT at Foxcroft is well underway: THE KITCHEN.

Every time Lisa has asked when we would do the kitchen, I have answered "Last." This is because nearly every other project required us to track materials in through the back (kitchen) door.

Over spring break we had plasterers come to fix the corner where we had removed the bump out that was Bess' closet from her bedroom. We had removed the closet a mere 10 years ago in June of 2005.

While I will flesh this out and give details about what we've done in the near future, here is a photo montage of the kitchen from when the house was built (1928) through today, in progress:

BLUE PRINTS
Here is the kitchen layout from the blueprints. The back door opens between the half wall of the nook, and a bump out bedroom closet. This would have been extremely narrow. The small area marked "Brooms" was another closet, that opened in the kitchen. The fact that Bess was getting an ELECTRIC REFRIGERATOR rather than an icebox was a big deal, and noted in the plans:

One of the most charming parts of the kitchen plans was the breakfast nook. Bess had found separate images of how she wanted the table and the benches to look, and given them to her designer:

1928 Photos: 
THESE 4 PHOTOS WERE ALL TAKEN SHORTLY AFTER THE HOUSE WAS BUILT.
For ALL PHOTOS below click on the image to see a larger version:



This photo was some time after 1928 and before 1948:

In 1948 the half wall and bench of the nook were removed.
These photos are probably shortly after that:


The next three images show what the kitchen looked like the first time we were in the house on Dec 19, 2003:




The next four photos show removing the broom closet, and the bump out bedroom closet
on June 9, 2005. Read about that here:
They're Here!





We had to put a header over the back door to carry the load of the gable we added upstairs. the first photo below shows that. The second photo shows the  light switches shown on the bump out above that had to be relocated, this would be about a week after the pictures above.


So here is the kitchen after the plasterers came, and I just finished varnishing the floor. There will be more updates to come.











          Make a style statement wearing blue Nehru jacket over Kurta !!!!         

Look glamourous and exceptionally stylish wearing this blue printed kurta and dark blue Nehru jacket. Made from cotton this slim fit kurta will make you feel comfortable all day long. The jute fabric used for blue jacket makes it light weight and fine in quality. #menswear #ethnicwear #weddingwear #sky-blue #printed #kurta #blue #nehru-jacket #Glamorous #stylish

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          Asics Gel Respector Blue Print Suede Shoe H6V0L 5151        
Asics Gel Respector Blue Print Suede Shoe H6V0L 5151

Asics Gel Respector Blue Print Suede Shoe H6V0L 5151

Colourway: Blue   Style Code; H6V0L 5151 Asics Footwear Collection Initially launched in 1991, this Gel-Respector™ model has an all-over suede upper in rich coloring with a molded EVA midsole for extra mid foot support Same rich coloring in the layered heel design and TPU heel protector round out the premium look Neoprene lining Perforated toecap Material: Suede and neoprene upper Rubber sole


          Elegant Grey Jacket!        

This was my look for my first cousins wedding reception! I paired this elegant grey jacket from @Zara, Lower Parel with a dark blue printed shirt and wore it over my black trousers with a black belt on it. I wanted to keep it very decent so I wore a very simple gold chain, black shoes and was good to go! #Look #Fashion #Wedding #Reception #Trend #Decent #Simple #Casual #Elegant #Grey #Jacket #Zara #Dark #Blue #Printed #Shirt #Black #Trousers #Black #Belt #Gold #Chain #Shoes

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          shorts for men.........        


Shorts are cool and comfortable. They are a great option for a summer day out. Beat the heat with this cool blue printed shorts this summer. Pair it up with a polo. Wear matching slippers for more comfort and style. Add a pair of classy shades to complete the look. #PrintedShorts #CoolBlue #PoloT-shirt #MatchingSlippers #ClassyShades #SummerWear

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          Printed V-neck T-shirts for men!!        



Printed T-shirts for men are cool and casual. They are very comfortable yet very youthful. This cool blue printed V-neck T-shirt is unique and perfect for the summers. Pair it up with a pair of blue torn jeans and a leather belt. wear a pair of black leather ankle boots for outdoor look. Complete the look with a pair of classy aviators and a wrist watch!#PrintedT-shirt #CoolBlue #TornJeans #LeatherAnkleShoes #ClassyAviators #WristWatch

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          Keeping it simple with a blue printed dress        

This spring go bold and beautiful with this mini blue dress and steal all the looks. Perfect for an outing with your friends or a movie date. Keep everything else to the bare minimal and you are ready to rock it. #westernwear #womenswear #springwear #blue #prints

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          Keep it OFF to turn your style quotient ON !        

Off shoulder tops can look really classy if one can carry them. This white off shoulder crop top has been paired with a blue printed maxi skirt with neutral color platform heels. Wear big fancy earrings with this outfit to make it party worthy and stack some bracelets as well. You could either let your hair down or put it in a bun to really show off your collar bones.#womenswear #westernoutfits #maxiskirt #offshoulder #white #blue #earrings #platforms

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          Perfect palazzo outfit in White and Blue!        

This outfit is perfect for casual look or for office or can be worn in college. This white kurta when paired up with blue printed palazzo gives an elegant look. Wear flat footwear and a carry a nice tote bag. Do a simple hairdo and you are all set for a day look.#Womensfashion #ethnicwear #palazzo #whitekurti #flatfootwear #simplehairdo #casuallook

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          Boho Appeal In Printed Top And Fringed Bag!        

Look like a diva in a bright blue printed top that can match up your denims. A fringed bag in tan color will give a boho appeal. Keep the look minimal with a pair of simple flats. #daylook #casuallook #printed #blue #denims #womensfashion #summerlook

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          KURTI AND TIGHTS : CLASSIC COMBO        

Kurtis are traditional yet trendy and very comfortable. Didnt I just describe what we want to wear to college everyday? Trendy and comfortable. Kurtis and jeans is one combo that will never get old. This blue printed kurti with mirror work on it looks beautiful with black tights. Pair it up with ethnic earrings and bangles/bracelet. Get your jhola bag,let your hair down and you're ready for college.#traditionalwear #womenswear #ethnicwear #summerfashion #indowestern #collegelook #prints #comfortable #bluekurti

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          CHIC PARTY LOOK : MINIMALISTIC BUT SEXY        

If you want to be comfortable and yet look effortlessly chic at a party, maxi skirt is the way to go. This blue printed maxi skirt teamed up with a black tank top will make you look classy and elegant at any party. Accessorize the look with a watch and a delicate silver necklace or some chic long silver earrings to keep it minimal. Maxi skirts can be paired up with crop tops as well. Just make sure to keep it fitted on top to complement the flowy skirt.#westernoutfits #womenswear #springfashion #contemporary #semiformal #printed #maxiskirts #minimalistic

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          INTERAKSI 3 (JADUAL SPESIFIKASI UJIAN)        
JADUAL SPESIFIKASI UJIAN


~ rancangan persediaan item.

~ "test blue print / test spesification"

~ matrik --> 2 paksi iaitu paksi kandungan (menegak) dan paksi aras (melintang)

~ bentuk ujian sama ada objektif , esei, amali dan kertas kerja.

~ bilangan item yang mengikut bentuk, aras kemahiran.

~ kepayahan / kesukaran item (20% - 80%)

~ Kepentingan Jadual Spesifikasi Ujian(JSU) :
  • mengelakkan sesuatu ujian dibina secara sembarangan.
  • menjamin kesahan sesuatu ujian (soalan dibuat berdasarkan kandungan pelajaran yang dipelajari)
  • menimbulkan rasa kepentingan sesuatu topik dan aras2 kemahiran.
  • menentukan perseimbangan antara topik dengan aras2 kemahiran yang diuji.
  • memberi panduan untuk membentuk format ujian (objektif. esei, struktur)
  • memberi panduan untuk membentuk soalan.
  • mengambilkira bilangan masa yang diperuntukkan untuk sesuatu topik.
  • membolehkan perbandingan dibuat antara satu ujian dengan ujian yang lain.

~ Langkah pembinaan JSU.
  • senaraikan tajuk2 yang hendak diuji. (jadual)
  • tentukan soalan yang hendak dibina atau akan dibina sama ada berbentuk objektif, struktur atau esei. Kemudian, penentuan jumlah soalan bagi setiap topik iaitu jumlah masa x jumlah soalan / jumlah masa keseluruhan.
  • tentukan model aras kesukaran. Lazimnya JSU menggunakan taksonomi kognitif pendidikan Bloom.
  • pastikan jenis ujian yang akan diuji iaitu ujian objektif, ujian esei, ujian struktur dan lain2 (bergantung kepada format peperiksaan)
  • tentukan bilangan soalan bagi setiap komponen, aras kesukaran soalan dan pemarkahan.
  • menyatakan mata pelajaran, singkatan / kelas, susunan nombor soalan mengikut tajuk.

          MARSHALL PRESENTS: #SESSIONS:012 – SECOND ALBUMS        

Following up a great debut is never easy but some people seem to make it an artform. Here are 10 classic tracks off some of the most classic second albums of all time!

Regarded as one of the best and most influential heavy metal albums of all time, Black Sabbath really hit the big time with ’Paranoid'. Take a moment and listen to the classic track about that ”iron bloke” off Black Sabbath’s absolut masterpiece of a sophomore album!

Often credited as a blue print for heavy metal, referred to as one of the most influential rock albums ever and frequently found near the top of the 'greatest albums of all time’-lists  Led Zeppelin II is an undisputed timeless classic. It’s hard to believe they managed to write such classic tunes on the road inbetween shows. Can you ever get enough of ’Whole Lotta Love’ off Led Zeppelin’s outstanding second?

The release of Jimi Hendrix’s ’Axis: Bold as Love’ was put in jeopardy after he lost the master tape of side one in the backseat of a London cab. But by a miracle they managed to get it out on time after an overnight session spent remixing most of side one and smoothening out a wrinkled tape recording of ’If 6 Was 9’ with an iron. Who new ironing could be so rewarding? Start this weekend by showing some appreciation for Hendrix’s absolutely brilliant sophomore album and listen to ’Little Wing’!


          Class me chudai..Free Hindi Sex Stories        
Yeh aaj se 1 saal pehlay ki baat he jab
mein B.Com final year mein padhta tha. Hamare college mein bohat
ladkian padhti thee aur hamare class me bhi kaafi ladkian thee. Lekin
unn mein do 2 ladkian aisee thee k jin ko dekh ker mera land khada ho
jata tha aur mein sirf unki taraf dekhta rehta tha. Aik ka naam sareena
tha aur dusri Anee.



Sareena mere saath ziada free thee jab k anee itni nhi thee. Mein
hamesha unko chodnay ka socha karta tha lekin kabhi bhi moqa nhi mill
saka tha. Aik hamari classes khatam hue to hum sab students neechay aa
gaey. Kuch der baad mein ne dekha k sareena aur anee ooper ja rahi hein
mein ne unnka peecha kia. Wo dono class mein chali gaee aur darwaza
band kerlia. Mein darwaze k saath lag kar khada ho gaya aur socha k
jese hee wo niklengi to mein class me under jane k bahane kisi aik k
brests ko haath laga lunga.

Lekin kaafi der guzar jane k baad jab who bahar nhi aai to mein ne
darwaze se kaan laga liya under se kuch sexi voices aa rahi thee like
aaaahhhhhhhhh ohhhhhhhhhh hmmmmmmmm. Mein samajh gaya k kuch to ho raha
he mein idher udher dekhnay laga k kahin se koi aisee jaga nazar aae
jahan se mein unko dekh sakoon. Achanak mujhe khidki (window) me aik
hole nazar aaya aur me wahan se unko dekhne laga wo dono bilkul nangi
thee un k kapday side wali chair per rakhay huway thay aur wo lesbian
enjoy ker rahi thee sareena was licking anee’s pussy. Aur anee dard aur
sex k maaray voices ker rahi thee jab me ne unko aisa karte dekha to
mera dick bhi khada ho gaya aur aisa lag raha tha k abhi underwear
phaad ker bahar aajaega. Anee cheekh rahi thee come on sareena fast
more fast **** me **** me. Koi 10 minute baad me ne dekha k any ki
tight black pussy se pure white juice baher nikla jo seedha sareena k
face aur mouth per gira aur sareena usay mazay se peenay lagi aur anee
se kaha k tum bhi chaato. Anee bilkul madhosh ho gaee thee iss k baad
sareena chair per bethi & anee se kaha k ab tum meri pussy ko lick
karo anee ne jab usski legs ko open kia to yeh dekh kar mein bilkul
heraan ho gaya k sareena ki pussy open thee bilkul like blue print
movies.



Mujhe bohat hairat hue anee ne sareena se kaha k tumhari pussy itni
open kyun he to sareena ne kaha k anee jan tum ne aaj yeh pehli bar kia
he jab tum roz karogi to apni finger in out karogi to tumhari bhi aisee
ho jaegi aur mein to roz **** bhi karwati hoon agar tum hamare ghar aao
to me tumhe bhi chudwaoongai apne padosi se bohat maza aata he aur meri
aik wish he k meri pussy itni open ho jaey k mein apna poora haath iss
me under le sakoon. Koi 8-10 minute baad sareena bhi relax ho gaee aur
wo dono apne kapday paheninay lagee k achanak mere muh se aawaz nikli
aur mein bhi relax ho gaya. Unho ne wo aawaz sunnli to anee ne kaha k
shayad koi hamein dekh raha tha to sareena bolli koi baat nhi me dekhti
hoon sareena ne darwaza thoda sa khola because she was still undressed
aur bolli kon he? Me ne himmat kar k kaha k me sagar to wo bolli k kyun
aae ho? Me ne kaha k apni pen bhool gaya tha who lenay aaya hoon. Uss
ne kaha theek he under aajao me jese hee under gaya to dekha k woh dono
abhi tak undressed thee anee ne bra aur underwear pehna tha jab k
sareena bilkul nangi khadi thee uss ne mujhse kaha k mujhe pata tha k
tum zarur aaogay kyun k mein tumhe roz class me dekhti thee k tum sirf
hamari ass aur brest ko dekhtay ho lekin tum kuch kar nhi sakte thay
mujhse ziada tum iss black beauty anee me interested thay jab wo chalti
thee to tumhari nazar uski body ko ghoorti thee mein bhi tumko dekhti
thee lekin kuch keh nhi sakti thee aaj tum aae ho to tum meri aur mein
tumhari piyaas bujhaoongi yeh keh kar uss ne mujhe kiss karna shuroo
kardiya aur me bhi usay response dene laga anee hum dono ko dekh rahi
thee woh bohat dari hue lag rahi thee.



Me ne ussko haath se pakad kar apni taraf kheench liya aur sareena se
kaha k plz tum mera lund apne muh me lelo sareena ne mere dick ko
choosna shuru kiya aur mein anee ko kiss karne laga mein ne usska bra
khol diya aur uss k untouched black mummay choosnay laga who beqarar ho
rahi thee to mein ne kaha k tum bhi mera lund choos kar maza lo to uss
ne kaha k nhi yeh bohat ganda he to mein ne ussko kaha k dekho sareena
kese maza le rahi he tum bhi lelo lekin wo nhi maani to sareena aur
mein ne zabardasti uss k muh mein apna land daal dia to us ne dheeray
dheeray choosna shuru kia ussay maza aanay laga aur wo choosti rahi 15
minutes k baad mein ne usska muh apni cream se bhar diya to sareena jo
anee ki pussy ko lick kar rahi thee achanak ooper uthi aur cream uss k
muh se apne muh mein lene lagi.



Ab me unn dono ko chodna chahta tha to mein ne sareena se kaha k mein
anee ko chodna chahta hoon pehlay to uss ne kaha k she is totally
virgin bohat mushkil he yahan lekin mein ne kaha k plz to uss ne kaha
theek he lekin anee k muh per koi kapda baandho to mein ne uska bra us
k muh per baandh diya aur apna 7.5” inch ka dick usski pussy per rakh
diya aur aahista aahista dhakay maarne laga usay bohat maza aa raha tha
phir aahista aahista mein ne zor lagana shuru kar diya aahista aahista
mera lund uski pussy ko cheerta huwa under ja rha tha aur who apne
haatho se mera lund hatane ki koshish kar rahi thee lekin mein ne uss k
haath pakad kar aik zordaar dhakka lagaya aur ab mera pura lund usski
pussy mein tha who aik dam ooper uthi aur neechay gir gaee wo behosh ho
gaee thee usski pussy se bleeding ho rahi thee ab hum dono bhi pareshan
ho gaey k issko hosh mein kese laaein wahan per pani bhi nhi tha mein
ne sareena se kaha k ab kia karein to sareena ne kaha k tum mere muh
mein peshab karo aur mein tumhare peshab se anee per spray karti hoon
mein ne apna lund anee ki choot se nikaal ker sareena k muh me daal
diya aur peshab kardia abhi sareena ne thoda hee spray kia to anee hosh
me aa gaee to sareena ne baqi peshab pee liya aur bolli wowww kia test
tha tumhare peshab me anee ne aur ****ing se mana kia aur kaha k aaj
bohat dard ho raha he lekin sareena ne usay samjhaya k pehlay dard hoga
phir maza aaega badi mushkil se who maani to me ne apna lund phir usski
pussy me daal diya aur dhakay maarne laga ab usay maza aa raha tha kuch
der baad mein ne mehsoos kiya k anee ki choot se cream baher nikal rahi
he to me ne aur zor se dhakay maarne shuru kar diye aur 25 minute baad
meri cream anee k muh me thee. Me bhi 3 bar cum hone k baad kaafi
kamzori feel kar raha tha iss lye sareena se kaha k tumhein kal karunga
to who boli nhi aik bar aaj karo mera lund bilkul dheela ho gaya thaa
aur uss ne choos kar dobara ussko tayar kiya to mein ne sareena ko bhi
choda aur jab usay chod raha tha to anee boli plz dobara mujhe karo to
me ne ussko bhi dusri chair per bitha kar uski legs ooper kerli ab
thodi der anee ko thodee der sareena ko chod raha tha aur ko 35 minutes
k baad me ne apne cream sareena ki pussy me hee nikaal dii.
If you like my story and you want to send me any type of stories then mail me on jeetukumarsexy@gmail.com.....
Free Hindi Sex stories...

          The blue print of a local church        
A new MP3 sermon from New York Gospel Ministries is now available on SermonAudio.com with the following details:

Title: The blue print of a local church
Speaker: Dr. Bill Jones
Broadcaster: New York Gospel Ministries
Event: Sunday Service
Date: 11/22/2009
Length: 27 min. (32kbps)
          IT IS NOW TIME TO ACT UPON .........        
APPEAL TO THE ACADEMY OF LETTERS (SAHITYA AKADEMI)
NEW DELHI.
On behalf of the members of the World of Children's Literature Group I appeal to the Governing Body of the Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi to note the following points for consideration:
1. To strengthen the relationship of children with good reads, the Academy should increase its budget for publication of quality children books in all genres and enrich its library with a special section devoted to children books in all indian languages with more impetus on Hindi which is our National language.
2. The eminent children writers be encouraged to undertake the project of writing History of children's literature in all indian languages with all out support by Sahitya Akademi.
3. More and More events are supposed to be organised on national/international level to discuss and promote Indian Children Literature and if possible, a bimonthly journal may also be planned to be published by S.A. in due course which carry important articles on creative as well as critical children's literature.
4. Translation of world's modern/contemporary children literature into Indian languages and vice-versa needs to given importance with immediate effect because as of now the children's literature is getting international focus and being the apex literary body of the country S.A. should make its initiative in this direction .
5. Eminent children writers from all important indian languages be invited to form a body of consultants with other govt/non.govt.officials to work on the blue print of the future plans to link up the literature with children's education and their overall personality development. Because Children are the back bone of any civilised society .
With warm regards,
RAMESH TAILANG
09211688748/rtailang@gmail.com
Modrtr: FB GROUP : W.O.C.L.

          I'm not the bad guy!        
It is fascinating to see how much power and coherence americans and sometimes even European commentators attribute to the wave of anti-americanisim that, in fairness, does appear to be sweeping the world.

For example, the idea that a coherent and organised EU elite is consistently on message beating up the US is laughable. Maybe in France. Co-ordination is the very thing the EU is worst at, largely because the bulk of sovereignty still sits with the individual states of the union. The US does a far better job of tarring the poor ol’ surrender monkeys.

The caricature painted of EU sentiments as regards the US is often over the top. Often bolted onto a scaffolding of truth as regards US crime and social injustice for example, but then exaggerated it out of all recognition. Very few people believe these extreme pictures of the US, yet time and again this is held up as the genuine view of Europeans.

Nonetheless, decades of statistics bear out the basic principles. The US does have higher violent crime, it does have greater disparity of wealth, it does have more of it’s citizens living in poverty. These realities are indisputable, but no one believes that the US is some kind of urban wasteland ala mad max.

In my modest lifetime, I have never experienced and most especially, never shared, the scale, depth and intensity of Anti American feeling that we see today.

Five years ago, I was largely pro US, had recently spent a lovely weekend in New York, visited the Air and Space Museum in Washington and had explained on my return, how when my daughter was old enough we had to take her to see the place, it was fantastic.

I have always been pro the EU and a few years earlier had been very excited by my discovery of the federalist papers, and US constitutional documents online, and realised what a brilliant blue print they were for the direction the EU should take. I still think that.

I remember explaining to my Dad in 1990, shortly after the fall of the Berlin wall, that I finally got why capitalism worked better than command economies. How the process of millions of people making hundreds of daily, selfish personal decisions was vastly more efficient than some bureaucrat tucked away in an office sucking it out of this thumb. I still believe that too.

Now? Why now, I have to constantly keep reflecting on how anti American I’ve become. I regularly interrupt TV shows to note to my daughter how these (fictional characters!) are good Americans, and to note the positive values they espouse, that they are not bad people. This in order to counteract the stream of anger and frustration she hears when myself and my wife (or indeed anyone these days) talk about the most recent US outrage.

However there is no "conspiracy" no co-ordinated effort to demonise the US. I’m not the bad guy in this scenario and the EU doesn’t have the coherence to be the bad guy. Grow up America and put the bad where it belongs, GWB, and I’m willing to expand that now to include the entire Republican party, who despite some of the best checks and balances in the world, have been criminally asleep at the wheel for at least the last 3 years. Blame them and kick them out of office when next you get the chance.
          511 · The Best of 2009        

Lay Down (With) Your Armor


The Best of 2009

For yet another year I have lived two musical lives, one ever deeper into obscure mazes of metal, one out in the sunshine and warm air. Nothing feels contradictory about this: I'd live three or four more musical lives at once if I had the time. I'd happily live parallel lives in other aspects of my existence if there were ways. Life is short, so of course we want it to be wider.

But what I realize, really only as I compile these lists, is that my metal and non-metal lives are not so much parallel as perpendicular. My metal top-10 this year has 7 bands I'd never heard of before 2009, two more I knew and disliked, and just one band that has ever made one of these lists before. For a temperamentally obsessive emotional completist who still basically loves everything I've loved since I was 12 or so, this is borderline dumbfounding. Hopefully it's a combined testament to my own openness and the way the web has mostly eliminated any necessary logistical distinction between "heard of them" and "heard them". If I'd had to buy CDs to hear these bands, I'd have found one or two of them, or quite possibly none. And without them, I'd still have had no trouble making a list I felt just as strongly about, but there's no way to unlove, or at least no way I know or want to. I have always been convinced that there is more music I would love, farther in every direction I have looked, but I'm not sure I've ever felt as empirically justified in this belief.

And meanwhile, away from metal, I've also had a great listening year in which I could easily make a replacement top-10 if everything on this one mysteriously vanished. But almost nothing on either list was new to me. One band I'd forgotten about, one I hadn't previously loved. Basically, I heard lots of great music that wasn't metal this year, but I didn't discover much. That thread of my year was receptive and curious, but mostly not exploratory. And so there is probably music I didn't hear that I would have loved as much as some of these records.

But that, of course, was always the case. I have found the time to love these things. I have found these sounds to be worthy of my time, which is a finite resource, and my love, whose boundaries I have occasionally thought I'd distantly seen, and always been wrong.


Albums (Metal)


1

Madder Mortem: Eight Ways

Genres are vectors, not shapes. They do not, at least the living ones, draw delineations between what is and what isn't, but rather trajectories towards and away. There are guitar timbres and cadences that are correlated with metal, but also songs with those features that no more belong to Metal than I was Estonian for three days in Tallinn. And bands with a hundred other influences and inclinations that I can instantly recognize as part of my version of this elusive idea.

And thus my favorite metal album, this year, coalesces out of a dozen different shadows, Fugazi minimalism wound tensely around Rush's expansive confidence, or Vernon Reid's buzzsaw guitar skittering off the jump-cut fractures of Chicks on Speed, or Janis Joplin and Tommy Iommi hijacking Life Without Buildings, or frost giants with the dexterity of Pixies. I hear Cynic playing Cowboy Junkies, and Enslaved backing Mecca Normal, and then a sudden vision of how Crimson would fare with a queen.

For moments, Eight Ways follows all these lines and others, and then always moments later Agnete Kirkevaag tears them diving away again, into gypsy tailspin or fight-song fervor or gnashing fractals of defiance. For an hour, it seems almost painfully clear to me that everything I've ever loved leads to this, and there's some chaos topology in which terrifyingly straight lines run from Ray Charles to Kate Bush to FSOL to some tiny seam on the back of my skull through which invisible wires patch directly into my sense of besieged humanity. For an hour at a time, repeated as often as I can bear, I remember precisely what draws me here, metal not as fantasy or escape, but as a relentless grip on writhing truth, and a celebration of irreducible complexity tantamount to sacred ritual.


2

Secrets of the Moon: Privilegivm

It is an essential component of the ingenious insularity of metal, and I do not mean this in any way glibly, that a lot of it seems wildly ridiculous. In an increasingly connectedly claustrophobic world, with vanishing latency between rebellion and commodification, alienating people is pretty much the only reliable way to block out any aesthetic breathing space. The difficult second-order trick, of course, is alienating people without becoming defined by them in the process. Thus the migration from the confrontational forms of speed- and thrash- and death-metal into the threateningly occult. If you can't shock people into being afraid of what you'll do to them, you might still be able to scare them into fearing what you'll convince them to do to themselves.

So the cheerfully pointless orthographic substitution of "v" for "u", and the luminously hollow apple on the black cover of Privilegivm, and the solemn half-intelligible liturgical intonations of "chop down the tree of life" and "the gods will know your name" all aspire to the provoke, I think, the same puzzled shudders once engendered by the garish underbrush of Black Sabbath. There's no easy violence to explain this as reaction or hyperbole. Whatever secrets the moon has, surely airlessness renders them moot. Surely. But in a year when Sabbath themselves were stomping around in gleaming uniforms, however relogoed, Secrets of the Moon were again, for me, truer heirs to their original spirit of wakeful darkness. I owe my life in metal to Iommi and Dio as much as I owe anything to anybody I've never met, but The Devil You Know is self-declaratively complacent, metal as a template theme, not a philosophy.

And not that I can quote verses of literal inspiration from Secrets of the Moon, either. I doubt I could produce a page of coherent lyrical transcription from memory from all these albums put together, honestly, even allowing that some of them are in languages I don't speak. But the hollow apple is there to suggest that the tree of knowledge was never more than a convenient pretext for layoffs, anyway. The great insight instantiated in the idea of evil, and in all this music that flaunts nominal lineage from darkness and doubt, is that there is no such divide. There are no forbidden secrets, in the moon or anywhere else. These anti-temples and beautiful ominous monuments are erected on the sites of myths to say that we are free to inhabit what we are supposed to fear.


3

Thy Catafalque: Róka Hasa Rádió

Or else we cling to the idea of a dark side because we need so badly for there to be somewhere other than this. Thus the appeal of Avatar, obviously, a movie that desperately needed to better understand the component of alienation in "alien". I loved the experience of being taken to Pandora for 162 minutes, but I hated that by the end there was nothing shocking about taking off the glasses again. So much exquisite imagination of the physical detail of another place, so much canned exaltation of souls, and yet so little depth of either humanity or non-humanity, and so little empathy for any idea that there could be souls in other forms that there might as well have been no characters at all. In fact, excise the humans and the Na'vi both, right from the first draft of the script, and Avatar might have grown into something worth, to us as a society, the absurd sums we retroactively spent on it. It would challenge and nourish us to be transported into a different world, with a logic of its own. Instead, we get our own dopiest mannerisms texture-mapped onto perfunctory aliens like moral graffiti, a monumental void of inspiration and procedurally inexplicable failure of courage.

And part of what we do with music, and why music is an element where movies are an industry, is let ourselves be taken elsewhere. I don't know how much time and money went into the making of Róka Hasa Rádió, but I could easily believe it was done by two Hungarians in their spare time from day jobs cleaning trains, on balky second-hand laptops in rooms with faded posters of Xenakis slowly crumbling onto the dusty tops of once-preciously-illegal shortwave consoles. And yet, with all the money on all the planets, Avatar would never have been any better than this. Here, unless you spend your days cleaning those same trains and this is actually what they sound like, is your voyage to an elsewhere, done in a medium qualitatively better suited for it. Here, in an album about which I know essentially nothing beyond its name, and ran across in a single random sentence somebody wrote somewhere about some other band entirely, is an effortless explosion of texture and flow and transport and altered perspective, spinning filaments of folk metal and carillon and Vangelis and Zoolook and radio static and alien loudspeaker announcements into an entire involuted universe. We are already standing on the roots of our Tree of Life. We are already the strangest creatures we can imagine, and this is not the limit of our imagination, but its origin.


4

Antigua y Barbuda: Try Future

I listen to so much metal whose lyrics I can't understand, and often aren't even meant to, but remain ironically sensitive to particular micro-nuances of vocal personality. Or perhaps this actually makes sense: I have absorbed the text into the coherent indivisibility of the music, and so it becomes necessarily critical how it's delivered. Either way, it was the careening vocals, closer to Sunny Day Real Estate's Jeremy Enigk than any metal referent I can think of, that initially arrested another of my random scans on Antigua y Barbuda, a band so obscure I had to add them to the Encyclopaedia Metallum myself. Months later they still have no EM ratings, which is as stark a demonstration as anything of what you must accept as possible when you agree to make art. It may not matter how good it is. Or, at least, it may not immediately matter. Try Future is the album I wanted all those Trans Am records to be, a boiling, sputtering epic of restlessness, flung between post-math and tech-something and Seventh-Rule vehemence. In a less fearful world, AyB would be the new Muse.


5

Funeral Mist: Maranatha

"It's the blood!" wails a voice, frantically, repeatedly, and after that it gets scarier. It's not always obvious from written descriptions that Black Metal is a good idea for a subgenre: strangled muttering as the defining vocal style, drums so fast that you skip headbanging and go straight to migraines, the production fidelity of portraiture via charcoal-on-newsprint left out in hailstorms, blustering Satanism as sacramental obscurism more often than gnostic rebuttal. As with any constructed form, treat it as formula and you'll get branded mediocrity. But subgenres arise on common ground, and there's usually some reason people were coming there before being there was its own excuse. Maranatha is as comprehensive an explication of the aesthetic's potential as anything I know: a Dantean maelstrom-descent in search of the root of contemptuously conventional religious spirituality for the express and singular purpose of ripping it out of bedrock with your own teeth.


6

Absu: Absu

Bleak extreme metal emanates temperamentally from frozen northern wastes. Absu are from Plano. When I was in high school in Dallas, and Plano were our archrivals, the place was at least a little wastelike, and it was a bit north of us, but the metro sprawl of Dallas has long since absorbed it into the vast homogeneity, and by now if Odin lived there he'd have an Arby's franchise and a two-year-old Blackberry. But then Metallica weren't from Norway, either, and Absu have maybe come as close as anybody in a couple decades to translating the frenetic domination of Master of Puppets into a new idiom. And if I had to reduce the year in metal to a single word, it would be Absu howling "Annihilate!"


7

Wardruna: Runaljod - Gap Var Ginnunga

In one sense metal only by affiliation (Kvitrafn and Gaahl were both in Gorgoroth for a while), Wardruna is a conceptual experiment in adapting runic texts to acoustic ambient ritualism, doing for hidden forest glades, perhaps, what plainsong did for stone monasteries. By rights this should be little more than a 52-minute sourcebook for those murmuring 1:15 intros to drinking-metal albums that are hoping to pass off indiscipline as paganism. It's spare and slow, driven unhurriedly by pattering hand-drums, near-subvocal chanting and some sproingy thing that sounds unnervingly like the kid behind you in homeroom playing his retainer-elastic with a Bic pen-cap. But if you can accept the idea of metal as as a textural system, subject to transliteration into different levels of elaboration, then this and Funeral Mist may be practical isomorphs. Ambient Metal used to be my joke genre, but here it is, real. If Avatar was transport by force, this is isolation by removal, a sound map for the hidden vales of quiet lost magic trapped inside us.


8

Lifelover: Dekadens

What HIM might sound like with nihilism substituted for love, and thus an intriguing argument that maybe ultimately they're the same.


9

Amorphis: Skyforger

I'd given up on Amorphis years ago, so I don't know why I even bothered listening to this. But I'd manage to miss that three albums ago they got a new singer and found, either consequently or coincidentally, a whole new focus. Skyforger is the best album of unapologetic metal songs I heard this year, and maybe a singlehanded revival of the lead-hook as melodic rapturism.


10

Cantata Sangui: On Rituals and Correspondence in Constructed Realities

The standard advice, impossible to argue with in generality, is that you have to focus. Do fewer things, so you can do them better. But the problem with this reasonable humility is that it's reasonable, or maybe it's that it's humble. It's defensive paranoia imported from civil engineering or pulmonary surgery or something, a recipe for turning adequate competence into recognizable inoffensiveness. It's foolproofing for people who have tried to substitute dignity for inspiration, and thus forgotten the critical detail that failure is relative where silence is absolute. Foolishness is a gift, not a disease. Fearlessly foolish straight from their ridiculous debut-album title to their preposterous combination of opera-gothic solemnity and rubberband pop glee, Cantata Sangui are yet another perpendicular justification for metal. Declare yourself outcast and you have escaped.


Albums (Non-Metal)


1

Manic Street Preachers: Journal for Plague Lovers demos + album + remixes

Two of my Desert-Island-Disc-level favorite artists had new albums this year, and they're my #1 and #2. This wasn't quite inevitable (both have made albums I haven't liked this much), but it's hardly shocking, and I'd feel self-conscious about it if they weren't such inarguable choices.

It was the Manic Street Preachers' year, for me. The album is good enough to be here, by itself, as taut and yearning a set of rock songs as anything they've done since Gold Against the Soul. Filling a whole record with words from the facing pages of deceased lyricist Richey Edwards' notebooks is the kind of patently terrible idea the Manics turn into supremely flawed greatness. They thrive on contradictions. No, more than that. They exist through contradictions. Intense political conviction clashes against strident immaturity (being dead or missing for 14 years hasn't made Edwards' writing any more sophisticated), plangent arcs of vehemence get snapped into halves and thirds to fit into song-meter, melodies soar over conjunctions and adverbs, even the titles seem engineered to be misquoted. Little wonder they were never huge in America, where Meat Loaf proved that most people can't even parse a sentiment spread out over more than one sentence.

But Journal for Plague Lovers isn't just an album, and if you believe that flaws can be integral to greatness, hearing it expand into a whole aesthetic system is like seeing souls become visible in the air above people's heads. The cycle starts with the demos, released complete as a bonus, and I could go back and forth between the versions almost indefinitely. They're nominally sketches and then pictures, but in many cases the process seems far more like derivation than polishing.

And they came to the US, after all, this band I have loved for 18 years and had never seen. They'd played in Boston only once, on some weekday in 1996 or so when I was horrifiedly out of town, and by the time they got here, this time, on the last night of the tour, James' voice was so shot he had to let the crowd take Traci's parts on "Little Baby Nothing". But they made it, and I made it, and for a short while a lot of years of my life and theirs telescoped into a both heartbreakingly and preciously small club. Standing on a balcony, watching people I've never met singing along with songs I can play in my head, I believe again that a small, near-solipsistic bit of human frailty can contain an internal universe big enough to nurture all our hopes.

But believing this is one thing, and hearing it happen is another. There's an album of remixes. At least half of my favorite remixes were already Manic Street Preachers songs, anyway, but this is now my vote for the greatest remix album so far in history, and the most compact defense yet of the whole form. The songs change moods, speeds, genders, cadences, conclusions, conditions. In places the remixes focus the original songs by contrast, in others they carve spaces around the boundaries of what the compositions dream. Now I want to hear the band play these songs, and then let them be reremixed, and then repeat. I'm pretty sure the cycle could go around four or five more times, at least, before the returns started even marginally diminishing. And this is what we embrace as possible in order to participate in art. That we do not make it, we just give it somewhere to begin.


2

Tori Amos: Midwinter Graces and Abnormally Attracted to Sin

Tori Amos had another studio album this year, as well. It, too, is tantamount to an ecosystem in itself, an episodic, resolutely self-contained, idiom-neological collage of energies and personas and confessions and smirks. I don't honestly think humans get any more talented than this.

And then there's a Christmas album. As far as I'm concerned there had previously only ever been two Christmas albums worth noting as standalone artworks, Loreena McKennitt's To Drive the Cold Winter Away and Low's Christmas. Tori's well-known religious issues made the idea at least superficially provocative, but I wasn't sure I actually wanted to find out whether I could bear "Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer" via "Happy Phantom".

But it's only after Midwinter Graces that I understand what I really think about Abnormally Attracted to Sin. What the "real" album is missing is the sound of Tori surprising herself. Those songs don't always sound like Tori knew all along where they were going, but they sound like she knew how she was going to find out. Midwinter Graces is a conversely breathtaking leap into the terrifying unknown, a glittering hymn to the realization that facing your angels is always far harder than facing your demons. With demons, if you can't understand them, you're allowed to fight them. No such alternative if the only recourse is forgiveness. In a way this is the stylistic and moral synthesis of McKennitt's scholarly distance and Low's deconstructed faith, as if maybe it isn't arbitrary that those are the two Christmas records I am drawn to, after all. And if Loreena offered me a way to appreciate something I didn't endorse, and Low showed a path towards something else I could schedule in its place, Midwinter Graces shows that both of these evasive impulses are ultimately fighting in polite disguise. You don't defeat things you fear, that only preserves and postpones them. If you want to be free of them, you have to understand them better than they understand themselves. Enemies can only ever disappear inside of you.


3

Idlewild: Post Electric Blues

I once said that Idlewild were the best rock band in the world, and then they promptly made a couple albums that weren't why, presumably not to spite me. My guess was that they were trying too hard to be something they thought somebody wanted them to be, which is never a great way to live, and the kind of people you fool this way make terrible friends. For Post Electric Blues Idlewild deliberately abandoned the record industry (or deliberately accepted having been abandoned by the record industry, I'm not sure and don't care which), and sound to me exactly as reinvigorated as a moral agenda could hope. They were always one of my favorite b-side bands, and here for really the first time a whole album has the energy they used to sublimate when they thought they were being graded, bouncy and uncluttered and unforced, more melancholy than roaring, more twang and chirp than slash and burn. It's neither post-electric nor blues, but then I guess I was as much to blame for mislistening as anybody; this is not an album by the world's greatest rock band. But this is its serenity, not its curse. This is the sound of a band not failing to be something else, but finding their own way again.


4

It Bites: The Tall Ships

Progressive rock is difficult, but progressive pop is hard. Marillion pulled it off on Misplaced Childhood, and maybe even more precisely on Holidays in Eden, but have long since sloughed into other moods. IQ made two more of my defining examples, Nomzamo and Are You Sitting Comfortably?, and had a new album this year themselves, but the one that sounded even more thrillingly like a late-80s IQ album was this surprise return by It Bites, an IQ peer last heard from when Are You Sitting Comfortably? was still new. An album for anybody who ever felt that there must be something good that Asia was a bad version of.


5

Bat for Lashes: Two Suns

Maybe the most deliberately ambitious record of the year, or at least the one with the surest sense of its own swirly aesthetic, and an argument that Avatar could have been done with hand-painted puppets, too. Kate Bush + Björk + Fleetwood Mac, or perhaps to Tori what Tori was to Kate.


6

Wheat: White Ink Black Ink

The band I would happily trade a Pazz & Jop of dull indie for, heirs at once of Big Star and Tom Petty and the Replacements and They Might Be Giants and Sloan.


7

Stars of Track and Field: A Time for Lions

There are lots of bands who sound like they're trying to sound like the 80s, but far too few that feel like they're trying to feel like that music made me feel.


8

Tegan & Sara: Sainthood

And so pop twists in wires,


9

Metric: Fantasies

and simmers in generator hum,


10

Maxïmo Park: Quicken the Heart

and corkscrews off the walls in pointy shoes, dancing with or without you.


Other Songs


1

Shakira: "Mon Amour" (from She Wolf)

La Quinta Estación: "Sin Salida" (from Sin Frenos)

So point the guitars outward and hold the lines,


2

Nargaroth: "Frühling" (from Jahreszeiten)

Eluveitie: "The Cauldron of Renascence" (from Evocation I - The Arcane Dominion)

and know that darkness is the truce between firelight and stars.


3

Dear Leader: "The Blue Print" (from Stay Epic)

The Sounds: "No One Sleeps When I'm Awake" (from Crossing the Rubicon)

Stand up, stand up; it matters what for, but only eventually. Stand up first.


4

In This Moment: "Sailing Away" (bonus track from The Dream limited edition)

Jesu: "Losing Streak" (from Opiate Sun)

We have engines of redemption, we should fear no silence.


5

Saros: "Acrid Plains" (from Acrid Plains)

Urna: "Sefira Malkuth" (from Iter Ad Lucem)

We have engines of intricate excavation, we should tolerate no simple lie.


6

David Bisbal: "Dame Tu Amor" (from Sin Mirar Atrás)

K'naan: "Fatima" (from Troubadour)

Joy and devastation are each other's shadows, and we stand between them,


7

Vienna Teng: "Augustine" (from Inland Territory)

Sleeping at Last: "Timelapse" (from Storyboards)

but in either direction, retreat is less a tactic of surrender than a dance move to clear some floor.


8

Sunn O))): "Big Church" (from Monoliths & Dimensions)

L'Acéphale: "Stahlhartes Gehäuse" (from Stahlhartes Gehäuse)

And as we flow, back again and always, into these emptied spaces like ambushing wolves,


9

Jewel: "Sov Gott (Sleep Well)" (from Lullaby)

The Swell Season: "I Have Loved You Wrong" (from Strict Joy)

there is always somewhere in the center to stand, and hold our hearts above us for light,


10

Kelly Clarkson: "I Do Not Hook Up" (from All I Ever Wanted)

OLIVIA: "Sailing free" (single)

and gather up the strands of chaos like reins, and send ourselves out again to begin.

          FAVOURITE METAL ALBUMs        
220 VOLT - EYE TO EYE = sebuah band hard rock yang menambah tegangan tinggi sebagai sebuah rasa dan di tampilkan apa adanya
48 CRASH - SOME LIKE IT HOT = sebuah band heavy metal band yang mempersembahkan lagu tanpa segan.
ABATTOIR - THE ONLY SAFE PLACE = sebuah band thrash yang memberikan apa yang ada di "tempat pejagalan"
ABIGOR - ORKBLUT - THE RETALIATION = sebuah black metal band yang di rasakan sangat dingin dan cepat
THE ABYSS - THE OTHER SIDE = sebuah death / black metal band yang merasa musik metal adalah sebuah "abyss"
AC / DC - HIGHWAY TO HELL = sebuah band rock yang menawarkan neraka dengan sebuah lagu untuk anda.
ACCEPT - METAL HEART = sebuah heavy metal band yang mengharuskan anda memiliki hati terbuat dari logam
ADRENALIN KICK - MASSACRE THE MAINSTREAM = sebuah band thrash yang bertanya " ada apa dengan band metal di jalur utama".
ADX - WEIRD VISIONS = sebuah band yang merasakan bahwa sebuah musik metal tidaklah harus terdengar sangat keras.
AGENT STEEL - UNSTOPPABLE FORCE = sebuah band thrash yang menawarkan sebuah kepanikan tentang manusia yang serakah
AGRESSOR - THE SPIRIT OF EVIL = sebuah band yang menunjukkan sessuatu yang jahat itu berupa sebuah bayangan tak jelas.
AINA - DAYS OF RISING DOOM / THE METAL OPERA = sebuah opera yang di ubah menjadi sebuah bentuk baru yang lebih dashyat
AKIRA TAKASAKI - GENE SHAFT = seorang gitaris yang mengerti bagaimana seharusnya sebuah gitar berbunyi di musik rock.
ALAN PARSONS PROJECT - EYE IN THE SKY = sebuah band yang memberikan rasa yang lain ketika sebuah mata melihat apa yang ada di langit
ALASKA - THE PACK = sebuah band hard rock yang menyebutkan kalau dingin dapat bersatu dengan panas, karena rock !!!
ALCATRAZZ - DISTURBING THE PEACE = sebuah maha karya yang di tawarkan melalui sebuah epic dengan gitar yang ganas.
ALDO NOVA - BLOOD ON THE BRICKS = seorang gitaris yang menambahkan sebuah warna ke dalam sebuah kanvas sehingga lebih kacau
ALICE COOPER - THRASH = sebuah legenda untuk menghantam dunia hard rock, agar mereka tahu siapa dia sebenarnya
ALICE DONUT - REVENGE FANTASIES OF THE IMPOTENT = sebuah band dengan nama aneh, dan juga dengan musik yang aneh. Anehkah bagi anda ?
ALICE IN CHAINS - FACELIFT = sebuah band yang memberi warna lain kepada sebuah musik rock, agar terdengar lebih "grunge"
ALIEN - ALIEN = sebuah band hard rock yang memberikan warna polos namun tegas kepada sebuah musik.
ALIEN FORCE - HELL AND HIGH WATER = sebuah band heavy metal yang begitu tangguh dan berani berteriak keras di denmark
ALMIGHTY, THE - SOUL DESTRUCTION = sebuah band yang mengatakan kalau musik metal menghancurkan sebuah "jiwa".
ALTAR - RED HARVEST = sebuah band death / black yang menerima sebuah kritik atas dasar namanya, siapa peduli kata orang !
AMEBIX - ARIZE = sebuah band yang memiliki sound begitu unik di dunia metal.
AMORPHIS - THE KARELIAN ISTHMUS = sebuah band yang demikian progresif untuk sebuah musik metal.
ANACRUSIS - SUFFERING HOUR = sebuah band yang memberikan sebuah kekasaran kepada sebuah musik.
ANATHEMA - JUDGEMENT = sebuah metal yang demikian melodius, di tambah dengan rasa "ngeri"
ANCIENT - SVARTALVHEIM = sebuah band "purba" di arena black metal.
ANGELCORPSE - HAMMER OF GODS = sebuah band yang berpaling kepada apa yang mau tanpa peduli ada yang suka atau tidak
ANGELES DEL INFIERNO - PACTO CON EL DIABLO = sebuah legenda di spanyol yang menyebarkan sebuah virus bernama metal.
ANGELWITCH - ANGELWITCH = sebuah band yang memberikan kita sebuah rasa indah sekaligus kejam
ANGRA - ANGELS CRY = sebuah band yang mencampurkan metal serta progresif rock untuk menjadi sebuah power metal
ANNIHILATOR - ALICE IN HELL = sebuah teka teki di sebuah dunia, dimana thrash metal adalah raja segala raja.
ANTHEM - BOUND TO BREAK = sebuah band yang berteriak untuk menghancurkan sebuah dominasi
ANTHRAX - SPREADING THE DISEASE = sebuah band yang membentuk sebuah jenis baru bernama speedy thrash metal.
APOCALYPTICA - PLAYS METALLICA BY FOUR CELLOS = sebuah band super keren yang mengenalkan alat musik lain bagi musik metal.
APOSTLE - PREPARE TO MEET GOD = sebuah band Kristiani yang menawarkan metal sebagai injil.
ARCH RIVAL - IN THE FACE OF DANGER = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah musik tanpa mau di kenal
ARENA - PRIDE = sebuah band yang begitu bangga akan apa yang di tawarkan.
ARIA - MEGALOMANIA = sebuah band rusia, yang menyebarkan virus bahwa metal haruslah gila.
ARMAGEDDON - THE MONEY MASK = sebuah band heavy yang sangat 80's di dalam musiknya.
ARMORED SAINT - DELIRIOUS NOMAD = sebuah band yang tua untuk sebuah nama power metal.
ARTCH - ANOTHER RETURN TO CHURCH HILL = sebuah band yang bernama menurut judul album mereka ini
ARTILLERY - FEAR OF TOMMORROW / TERROR SQUAD = sebuah band yang sangat solid untuk menawarkan sebuah musik.
ASPHYX - GOD CRIES = sebuah band yang menantang sebuah kehendak akan Tuhan.
ASSASSINS - INTERSTELLAR EXPERIENCE = sebuah band yang meberitahukan bagaimana pendosa harus berbuat.
AT WAR - RETALIATORY STRIKE = sebuah band super keren yang mengantarkan kita kepada suatu "perang" di antara musik.
ATHEIST - ELEMENTS = sebuah band yang membelah musik death sehingga lebih progresif
ATROCITY - INFECTED / THE ART OF DEATH = sebuah band yang merupakan sebuah pencipta musik death.
ATTACK - RETURN OF THE EVIL = sebuah band epic metal yang bercerita tentang seorang pahlawan di dunia metal.
ATTACKER - BATTLE AT HELM'S DEEP = sebuah band kecil yang membesar di kala sebuah musik mereka mainkan.
ATTENTION DEFICIT - THE IDIOT KING = seorang gitaris metal yang menyebut dirinya seorang pemain jazz
AUTOGRAPH - LOUD AND CLEAR = sebuah band yang lembut untuk sebuah rasa yang keras
AUTOPSY - SERVERED SURVIVAL = sebuah band yang menerangkan sebuah kengerian di antara keindahan.
AVANTASIA - THE METAL OPERA = sebuah band yang dibuat untuk memceritakan sebuah legenda dengan musik yang megah.
AVTOGRAF - TEAR DOWN THE BORDER = sebuah band rock rusia yang memberikan warna indah di sebuah kanvas bernama hard rock.
AVULSED - CARNIVORACITY = sebuah band dengan musik yang sesat kemudian di tambah dengan kekejaman sepotong musik.
AXE - NEMESIS = sebuah band yang rocky untuk sebuah kesan yang metalik.
AXXIS - AXXIS II = sebuah band yang menggambarkan sebuah dunia dengan musik power yang demikian solid.
B B M - AROUND THE NEXT DREAM = sebuah band dengan 3 orang jenius yang mengerti bagaimana sebuah rock harus rolling.
BAD ENGLISH - BAD ENGLISH = sebuah rock band yang mengatakan kejelekan sebuah nama yang diingat dengan pasti.
BAD NEWS - BAD NEWS = sebuah band super edan, yang membuat kita tertawa dengan berlompat lompat.
BAL SAGOTH - THE POWER COSMIC = sebuah band yang demikian jenius, yang meramu black metal menjadi seperti power metal.
BANSHEE - RACE AGAINST TIME = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah musik tanpa sebuah tujuan yang pasti.
BATHORY - BATHORY = seorang god, yang memberikan sebuah musik kepada kita untuk di rasakan dinginnya musik itu.
BATTLE BRAT - BATTLE BRAT = sebuah band baru dengan sebuah musik yang tidaklah baru juga.
BATTLELORE - WHERE THE SHADOWS LIE = sebuah band dimana suara adalah sesuatu yang dapat di perluas.
BATTLEZONE, PAUL DIANNO 'S - CHILDREN OF MADNESS = sebuah band yang merupakan sebuah cara untuk menunjukkan siapa dia.
BEHEMOTH - SATANICA = sebuah band yang hitam dengan rasa yang sangatlah pekat.
BENEDICTION - TRANSCEND THE RUBICON = sebuah band death metal yang begitu indah dan penuh dengan darah.
BESTIAL WARLUST - BLOOD AND VALOUR = sebuah band yang berperang dengan apa yang di bencinya secara nyata.
BEWITCHED - DRAGONFIGHT = sebuah band gelap yang di dukung oleh sebuah roh jahat.
BILLY IDOL - REBEL YELL = seorang vokalis untuk sebuah jeritan kebencian kepada dunia.
BIOHAZARD - BIOHAZARD = sebuah band yang memberikan arti groove di sebuah kata bernama : metal.
BIOMECHANICAL - THE EMPIRES OF THE WORLDS = sebuah band yang merasa kalau kecepatan adalah segalanya.
BITCH - A ROSE BY ANY OTHER NAME = seorang wanita untuk di kenang sebagai metaller.
BLACK LABEL SOCIETY - SONIC BREW = seorang gitaris yang membuat sebuah gitar hanyalah sebuah mainan unik.
BLACK SABBATH - BLACK SABBATH = sebuah nama yang begitu megah di dunia metal.
BLASPHEREION - REST IN PEACE = sebuah band yang menerangkan siapa sebenarnya pembohong itu.
BLIND GUARDIAN - SOMEWHERE FAR BEYOND = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah musik haruslah seperti puisi.
BLITZKRIEG - A TIME OF CHANGES = sebuah band yang bermain laksana sepercik "petir".
BLUE MURDER - BLUE MURDER = sebuah band yang mencari sesuatu yang telah ada dalam anggotanya.
BOLT THROWER - REALMS OF CHAOS = sebuah band yang merasa sebagai hardcore band tapi nyatanya mereka adalah death metal.
BON JOVI - BON JOVI = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah cinta untuk di perjuangkan.
BONFIRE - FIREWORKS = sebuah band yang lembut namun hasilnya adalah sebuah "api"
BORKNAGAR - BORKNAGAR = sebuah band yang "malam" dan juga "sangat gelap pekat"
BRIGHTON ROCK - YOUNG, WILD AND FREE = sebuah band yang memberikan kepada kita sebuah musik yang begitu "fresh"
BRUJERIA - MATANDO GUEROS = sebuah band super ancur dengan musik yang demikian indah
BRUTALITY - IN MOURNING = sebuah band yang membuka hari dengan sebuah kematian
BULLDOZER - THE FINAL SEPERATION = sebuah band yang super keren dengan sebuah elemen keras di musiknya.
BURZUM - HLIDSKJALF = sebuah band yang tidak puas dengan musiknya, hingga mereka begitu biasa saja.
CANCER - TO THE GORY END = sebuah band yang menyebarkan sebuah virus bernama : death metal !
CANDLEMASS - NIGHTFALL = sebuah band yang menghasilkan sebuah musik lambat dalam sebuah jalur yang keras.
CANNIBAL CORPSE - EATEN BACK TO LIFE = sebuah band yang menyatakan bahwa death music adalah juga musik bernomor 1.
CARCASS - REEK OF PUTREFACTION = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah musik dari seperangkat mesin berkecapatn tinggi.
CARNAGE - DARK RECOLLECTIONS = sebuah band yang bercerita tentang sebuah kegelapan sejati.
CARNIVORE - RETALIATION = sebuah band yang merupakan awal dari sebuah kegilaan seorang manusia.
CARRION - EVIL IS THERE! = sebuah band yang menentukan sebuah jalur di antara berbagai jenis metal.
CATS IN BOOTS - KICKED & KLAWED = sebuah band yang memberikan kesan "dance" pada hard rock music.
CELTIC FROST - TO MEGA THERION = sebuah band yang memberi kepada sebuah jenis musik hitam.
CHASTAIN - RULER OF THE WASTELAND = sebuah band yang bercerita tentang dunia dengan sebuah gitar saja.
CHILDREN OF BODOM - HATEBREEDER = sebuah band yang ingin mencari sebuah nama dengan memberikan sebuah "kekerasan".
CINDERELLA - NIGHT SONGS = sebuah band yang membuat semua orang akan menari dengan gila.
CIRCLE OF DEAD CHILDREN - THE GENOCIDE MACHINE = sebuah band dengan sound aneh untuk sebuah musik yang "dingin"
CIRITH UNGOL - FROST AND FIRE = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau masa lalu adalah segalanya.
COBRA - WARRIORS OF THE DEAD / BACK FROM THE DEAD = sebuah band yang musiknya menawarkan sesuatu yang berbisa
COMMANDER - THE HIGH N' MIGHTY = sebuah band yang merupakan sebuah awal dari seorang raja dengan pedangnya.
CONCERTO MOON - RAIN FOREST = sebuah band asia yang menawarkan warna lain di sebuah musik yang telah usang.
CORONER - R. I. P. = sebuah band yang memberikan sebuah musik, yang didengarkan ketika sebuah kematian datang.
COVEN - BLESSED IS THE BLACK = sebuah band yang membuat aku kesetanan, karena memang mereka meberikan musik neraka.
COVEN ( 70'S band ) - WITCHCRAFT : DESTROYS MINDS AND REAPS SOULS = sebuah band untuk menyembah selain Tuhan.
CRADLE OF FILTH - CRUELTY AND THE BEAST = sebuah band yang berteriak dengan sebuah rasa yang demikian gelap dan pekat.
CRIMSON GLORY - CRIMSON GLORY = sebuah band yang terlihat seperti naga yang sedan bernyanyi
CROSSFIRE - SEE YOU IN HELL / SECOND ATTACK = sebuah band yang ditujukan untuk menembak dari jarak dekat.
CRYPTOPSY - WHISPER SUPREMACY = sebuah band yang membuat musik laksana mesin perang.
D' PRIEST-PLAYA DEL ROCK = sebuah band yang bermain metal dengan rasa rock n roll.
D. A. D. -NO FUEL LEFT FOR THE PILGRIMS = sebuah band yang biasa saja dengan musik yang luar biasa.
DAMIEN-ANGEL JUICE = sebuah band yang sangat menyegarkan sekaligus keras.
DAMMAJ-MUTINY = sebuah band bersaudara yang menyentuh sebuah hati dengan keras.
DANGEROUS TOYS-DANGEROUS TOYS = sebuah band yang memang tidak dapat di artikan sebagai sebuah mainan.
DANZIG-DANZIG = sebuah band dengan seorang super gila, di tambah dengan sebuah musik yang unik.
DARK ANGEL-DARKNESS DESCENDS = sebuah band yang memberikan kesan sangat gelap kepada sebuah warna putih.
DARK AT DAWN-CRIMSON FROST = sebuah band heavy dengan rasa yang thrashy.
DARK THRONE-PREPARING FOR WAR = sebuah band gelap yang menyatakan perang terhadap apapun yang tidak sejalan dengannya.
DARK TRANQUILLITY-SKY DANCER = sebuah band dengan keunikan yang begitu sedap untuk di nikmati.
DARKNESS-DEFENDERS OF JUSTICE = sebuah band thrash yang sangat kasar namun groovy.
DAYJOB ORCHESTRA, THE-..UNSOLICITED MATERIAL = sebuah band rock dengan rasa sangat jazz n roll.
DEAD RINGER-ELECTROCUTION OF THE HEART = sebuah band dengan sebuah cinta akan seorang vokalis.
DEATH-SCREAM BLOODY GORE = sebuah band yang patut di sebut sebagai awal dari semuanya yang "kematian"
DEATH ANGEL-THE ULTRA - VIOLENCE = sebuah band asia yang meramu musik metal menjadi sebuah peluru yang sangat tajam.
DEATHROW-SATAN'S GIFT = sebuah band yang berganti nama dan mengganti musik mereka agar lebih......kencang dan keras.
DECEASED-THE BLUE PRINT FOR MADNESS = sebuah band yang juga disebut sebagai "ayah" dari sebuah "kematian"
DEF LEPPARD-PYROMANIA = sebuah band yang demikian romantis dengan rasa yang cukup keras.
DEFIANCE-BEYOND RECOGNITION = sebuah band yang mengingatkan kita kepada sebuah sastra tentang......neraka
DEICIDE-DEICIDE = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau musik adalah sesuatu yang harus "jahat"
DEMOLITION HAMMER-TORTURED EXISTENCE = sebuah band yang membelah semua yang ada dengan musik yang seperti palu baja.
DESTRUCTION-CRACKED BRAIN = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah musik yang dapat membelah sebuah kepala.
DEVASTATION-IDOLATRY = sebuah band yang hadir untuk menghancurkan apapun yang ada.
DIAMOND HEAD-AM I EVIL ? = sebuah band yang mempertanyakan dengan musik mereka "apakah aku jahat?"
DIMMU BORGIR-ENTHRONE DARKNESS TRIUMPHANT = sebuah band yang sangat dingin yang memberikan sebuah rasa yang ...membeku.
DIO-HOLY DIVER = sebuah band dengan seorang yang jenius dan juga seorang legenda untuk metal. Sallutttes father.
DIRTY ROTTEN IMBECILE <>-DIRTY ROTTEN LP = sebuah band yang merubah sebuah punk untuk di campurkan dengan rasa metal.
DISASTROUS MURMUR-RHAPSODIE IN RED = sebuah band yang meneror dengan sebentuk merah bernama darah.
DISMAL EUPHONY-SORIA MARIA SLOTT = sebuah band dengan bumbu klasik untuk sebuah musik bernama metal.
DISMEMBER-LIKE AN EVER FLOWING STREAM = sebuah band yang memberikan sebuah kengerian ekstrim dan kematian.
DOKKEN-TOOTH AND NAIL = sebuah band yang bernuasa melodius dan keras secara bersamaan.
DON AIREY : K2-TALES OF TRIUMPH AND TRAGEDY = seorang maestro yang menekan tuts keyboard seperti sebuah sastra indah.
DORSAL ATLANTICA-ANTES DO FIM DEPOIS DO FIM = sebuah band yang menjadikan putih menjadi hitam dan dingin.
DRAGONFORCE-SONIC FIRESTORM = sebuah band yang memberikan kecepatan maksimum di sebuah permainan gitar.
DRAGONNE-ON DRAGON' S WINGS = sebuah band heavy metal yang meramu musik menjadi sebuah buku yang sangat tebal.
DREAM THEATER-AWAKE = sebuah band yang membangunkan semua orang untuk mendengarkan musik hebat mereka.
DYING FETUS-PURIFICATION THROUGH VIOLENCE = sebuah band yang memberikan kecepatan tinggi untuk sebuah kekerasan.
E X E-SICKER THAN I THOUGHT ! = sebuah band yang memang sangat "sakit" di dunia yang thrash.
EDGE OF SANITY-NOTHING BUT DEATH REMAINS = sebuah band yang menunjukkan sebuah kegilaan akan sebuah kematian.
EDGUY-VAIN GLORY OPERA = sebuah band yang meramu sebuah hard rock menjadi sebuah power untuk sebuah metal.
EMPEROR-ANTHEMS TO THE WELKIN AT DUSK = sebuah band yang memang layak disebut sebagai "black emperor".
ENTOMBED-LEFT HAND PATH = sebuah band yang demikian "death" tetapi terdengar sangat melodius dan "dance"
ENUFF Z' NUFF-ENUFF Z' NUFF = sebuah band yang tidak merasa cukup akan sebuah rock n roll.
ETERNITY X-MIND GAMES = sebuah band yang berkata kalau musik adalah sebuah permainan pikiran saja.
EUROPE-THE FINAL COUNTDOWN = sebuah band yang sangat romantis untuk sebuah tempat yang demikian kotor.
EVERY MOTHER' S NIGHTMARE-EVERY MOTHER' S NIGHTMARE = sebuah band yang menawarkan rock menjadi sebuah mimpi buruk.
EVILDEAD-ANNIHILATION OF CIVILIZATION = sebuah band thrashy dengan sebuah tulisan yang di tulis dengan sebuah "paku metal"
EXCITER-UNVEILING THE WICKED = sebuah band thrash yang demikian dinamis, agresif dan.....sangat kasar. I love you!!!!
EXHORDER-THE LAW = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau musik mereka adalah sebuah hukum yang pasti.
EXODUS-BONDED BY BLOOD = sebuah band yang merupakan "bapak" dari sebuah kepingan logam bernama trashy metal.
FAIR WARNING-RAIN MAKER = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah hard rock menjadi sedemikian rumit terdengar.
FEAR FACTORY-SOUL OF A NEW MACHINE = sebuah band yang meramu sebuah kematian dengan sebuah musik mekanik.
FIFTH ANGEL-FIFTH ANGEL = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah hard rock menjadi megah seperti katedral.
FLOTSAM AND JETSAM-HIGH = sebuah band yang terkesan biasa namun berbisa dengan tingkat yang sangat tinggi.
FORBIDDEN-FORBIDDEN EVIL = sebuah band terlarang yang meramu sebuah musik menjadi sesuatu yang jahat tapi indah.
G FORCE-G FORCE = seorang gitaris super keren yang menawarkan sebuah rasa gurih di dunia rock.
GAMMA RAY-HEADING FOR TOMMOROW = sebuah band yang telah tahu bagaimana musik seharusnya berbunyi di masa depan.
GAMMACIDE-VICTIMS OF SCIENCE = sebuah band yang selalu berhubungan dengan sebuah kata bernama : Kasar.
GARY MOORE-WILD FRONTIER = seorang gitaris yang meneror dunia hanya dengan sepuluh jarinya saja.
GIANT-TIME TO BURN = sebuah band dengan rasa "petir dan langit yang bergemuruh".
GOD FORBID-DETERMINATION = sebuah band yang dapat membuat sebuah death musix menjadi demikian sedap terasa.
GODFLESH-PURE = sebuah band dengan kemurnian akan sebuah musik mesin industri.
GOLGOTHA <>-UNMAKER OF WORLDS = seorang gila super jenius yang membuat space music berasa metal.
GOREFEST-ERASE = sebuah band yang menghapus semua kegundahan sebuah hati akan sebuah metal musix.
GORGUTS-CONSIDERED DEAD = sebuah band dengan intro yang dapat membuat anda "mati" dalam hitungan detik.
GOTTHARD-GOTTHARD = sebuah band yang meneror sebuah hati dengan sebuah musik yang tanpa basa basi.
GRAVE-YOU' LL NEVER SEE = sebuah band memastikan bahwa kita takkan pernah melihat sebuah kemunafikan dalam metal.
GRAVESTONE-CREATING A MONSTER = sebuah band heavy metal yang membentangkan sebuah sayap untuk mencipta sebuah monster.
GRIM REAPER -SEE YOU IN HELL = sebuah band yang membawa anda untuk melihat sebuah musik neraka.
GUARDIAN-FIRE AND LOVE = sebuah band yang dapat memadamkan sebuah api dengan sekeping cinta.
GWAR-VIOLENCE ARRIVED = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah kegilaan yang abadi.
HALLOWS EVE - DEATH & INSANITY = sebuah band yang mencampurkan kegilaan dan kematian menjadi sebuah musik.
HAMMERFALL - GLORY TO THE BRAVE = sebuah band dengan power untuk sebuah metal.
HANOI ROCKS - BANGKOK SHOCKS SAIGON SHAKES = sebuah band untuk membuat anda shock untuk kemudian berdansa.
HARTER ATTACK - HUMAN HELL = sebuah band thrash yang memiliki suatu musik yang sangat aneh, seaneh namanya.
HATE ETERNAL - KING OF ALL KINGS = sebuah band dengan seorang jenius di sebuah dunia bernama kecepatan dan kematian.
HAVE MERCY - THE YEARS OF MERCY = sebuah band heavy metal yang melesak kesebuah dunia yang jahat, dan menang.
HEATHEN - VICTIMS OF DECEPTION = sebuah band dengan elemen penghancur yang lezat untuk di dengar.
HEAVENLY - DUST TO DUST = sebuah band yang menafsirkan sebuah kecepatan dengan daya opera yang dashyat untuk metal.
HEAVENS GATE - LIVIN' IN HYSTERIA = sebuah band yang menawarkan musik laksana membuka sebuah pintu ke surga.
HEAVY LOAD - DEATH OR GLORY = sebuah band yang merupakan salah satu bapak untuk power metal musick.
HELLHAMMER - APOCALYPTIC RAIDS 1990 A.D. = sebuah legenda bagi sebuah keunikan dari kematian.
HELLOWEEN - WALLS OF JERICHO = sebuah band yang memberi sebuah warna dengan tegas di sebuah dunia bernama : metal.
HELSTAR - A DISTANT THUNDER = sebuah band dengan sekeping rasa yang di ubah menjadi sebuah monster.
HERETIC - BREAKING POINT = sebuah band yang menyuntikkan adrenalin dengan sebuah titik penghancuran.
HEXX - NO ESCAPE / UNDER THE SPELL = sebuah band super keren dengan kesan yang mendalam di setiap hati yang kejam.
HIGH TENSION - HIGH TENSION = sebuah band yang begitu enak untuk di nikmati karena : 80's metalnya.
HOLOCAUST - THE NIGHTCOMERS = sebuah band dengan sesuatu kekacauan yang di berikannya namun tetap solid di telinga.
HOLOCAUSTO - CAMPO DE EXTERMINIO = sebuah band brazil tua yang keren dengan sebuah musik yang gelap.
HOLY DRAGONS - THUNDER IN THE NIGHT = sebuah band rusia yang menciptakan sebuah bayangan untuk metal di kata power.
HOLY MOSES - FINISHED WITH THE DOGS = seorang wanita yang edan yang menyerang sebuah dunia bernama metal.
HOLY TERROR - MIND WARS = sebuah band yang menetapkan kalau sebuah terror untuk metal adalah sesuatu yang suci.
HORDE - HELLIG USUART = sebuah band dengan sebuah gambar kuburan yang hitam kelam di barengi dengan sesosok iblis yang baik.
HORSE LONDON - HORSE LONDON = sebuah band yang membuat semua orang akan mengerti arti kata "dance" di musik metal.
HOUSE OF LORDS - HOUSE OF LORD = sebuah band rock yang memberikan musiknya hanya kepada seorang raja.
HURRICANE - SLAVE TO THE THRILL = sebuah band yang menerangkan kalau musik rock adalah juga sebuah badai.
HYPOCRISY - PENETRALIA = sebuah band yang begitu ambisius untuk menaklukkan sesuatu bernama kematian.
I LOVE YOU - I LOVE YOU = sebuah band yang bertutur dengan cinta akan sebuah musik rock.
I NAPOLEON - I NAPOLEON = sebuah band yang menganggap bahwa kekuasaan adalah sesuatu yang absolut dalam rock.
ICED EARTH - NIGHT OF THE STORMRIDER = sebuah band yang membuat semua yang di sentuhnya menjadi es. Lihatlah METAL ICED, gabungkan METALICED = METALIZED, betulkan ??
ICON - NIGHT OF THE CRIME = sebuah band yang memberikan nafas kepada sesuatu yang bernama : hard.
IMMORTAL - BATTLES IN THE NORTH = sebuah band yang merasa kalau kegelapan itu adalah sesuatu yang tanpa akhir.
IMPALED NAZARENE - UGRA KARMA = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah kegelapan menjadi indah laksana cerita.
IMPELLITTERI - STAND IN LINE = seorang maestro yang memberikan sebuah ilmu tentang bertahan dan menyerang.
IMPETIGO - FACELESS = sebuah band dengan cerita tentang sesuatu dengan bentuk ganjil dan gory.
IN FLAMES - WHORACLE = sebuah band bahwa musik memiliki sebuah episode dan episode tersebut bernomor 666.
INCANTATION - ONWARD TO GOLGOTHA = sebuah band yang mencari sebuah rasa kejam untuk di tuangkan dalam segelas darah metal.
INDESTRUCTIBLE NOISE COMMAND / I.N.C. - RAZORBACK = sebuah band yang menerangkan sebuah kegaduhan juga memiliki irama indah.
INSANE - WAIT & PRAY = sebuah band yang menyerukan doa untuk mendukung sebuah kegilaan.
INTRUDER - PSYCHO SAVANT = sebuah band super keren yang menjajah berbagai sudut di antara musik yang sejenis.
INVOCATOR - WEAVE THE APOCALYPSE = sebuah band yang menerangkan kalau metal dapat membuat sesuatu mengalir dari kepala anda.
IRON ANGEL - WINDS OF WAR = sebuah band brazil yang membuat siapapun akan tahu siapa mereka ketika musik mulai merambah.
IRON CROSS - IRON CROSS = sebuah band yang begitu kasarnya sehingga musik yang mereka tunjukkan laksana demo.
IRON MAIDEN - THE NUMBER OF THE BEAST = sebuah band yang merubah semua angka yang ada di dunia menjadi hanya satu yaitu : 666
JOE LYNN TURNER- RESCUE YOU = seorang maestro yang menjelaskan bagaimana seharusnya seorang rocker bernyanyi.
JOE SATRIANI - SURFING WITH THE ALIEN = seorang super edan dan sebuah gitar yang dapat berbicara dengan tegas dan cepat.
JUDASPRIEST - SAD WINGS OF DESTINY = sebuah band yang disebut sebagai god, karena mereka adalah pembuka gerbang bernama : metal.
BATTLEAXE - POWER FROM THE UNIVERSE = sebuah band yang menghantam sebuah kekolotan untuk menjadi seorang raja di negara metal.
KAMELOT - KARMA = sebuah band dengan sebuah dahaga terhadap sebuah kemegahan yang membayangi di bawah langit power
KARMA TO BURN - KARMA TO BURN = sebuah band dengan menyerukan sesuatu yang liar.
KAT - BEETHOVEN ON SPEED = seorang wanita, sebuah gitar, dan apa yang bisa di lakukan untuk sebuah nama : metal.
KATAKLYSM - THE PROPHECY = sebuah band yang merubah sebuah puisi indah menjadi sebuah lagu tentang kematian.
KATATONIA-TONIGHT' S DECISION = sebuah band yang menerangkan kalau sesuatu yang lambat itu tidaklah selalu buruk.
KEEL-KEEL = sebuah band, seorang vokalis dan sebuah nama yang menerangkan apa itu rock musik.
KEVIN LEE & THE LONESOME CITY KINGS-RESTLESS = sebuah band, seorang manusia dan sebuah cerita tentang musik rock n roll.
KICK AXE-WELCOME TO THE CLUB = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah undangan untuk bergembira dalam sebuah musik.
KILLEN-KILLEN = sebuah band yang memberikan sebuah kesan yang heavy pada sebuah kata umum bernama rock.
KILLENGOD-TRANSCENDUAL CONSCIOUSNESS = sebuah band yang juga mewarnai sebuah sudut di dunia bernama metal.
KILLER-YOUNG BLOOD = sebuah band, seorang gitaris jenius dan sebuah sound yang sangat unik di sebuah musik.
KILLER-FATAL ATTRACTION = sebuah band yang merasa kalau metal adalah sebuah panggilan jiwa tanpa batas.
KILLER DWARFS-DIRTY WEAPONS = sebuah band yang dapat mengotori setiap inch hati manusia dengan sebuah senjata bernama metal.
KILLER KHAN-KILL DEVIL HILLS = sebuah band yang menerangi sebuah jalan menuju sebuah bukit yang keras dan panas.
KILLING JOKE-DEMOCRACY = sebuah band yang menunjukkan kelucuan tidaklah identik dengan tertawa.
KILLSWITCH ENGAGE-KILLSWITCH ENGAGE = sebuah band yang merasa sangat terkenal dengan musik yang modern.
KINETIC DISSENT-I WILL FIGHT NO MORE FOREVER = sebuah band yang sangat rocky dengan hasilan sebuah progresifan.
KING DIAMOND-FATAL PORTRAITS = sebuah band, seorang jenius dan sebuah cerita yang menjelma menjadi sebuah teriakan.
KING KOBRA-READY TO STRIKE = sebuah band, seorang jenius dan sekelompok manusia yang berbisa.
KINGDOM COME-KINGDOM COME = sebuah band yang merasakan bagaimana pengaruh rock 70an menembus setiap sudut hati mereka.
KIX-HOT WIRE = sebuah band yang menerangkan bagaimana berbahayanya sebuah band yang di buat dari sebuah pecahan peledak.
KORN-KORN = sebuah band, sebuah sound unik dan sebilah tempat mic dapat berdiri dengan tegap seperti musiknya.
KRABATHOR-COOL MORTIFICATION / ONLY OUR DEATH IS WELCOME .... - sebuah band yang juga menghitamkan sebuah dunia yang terang.
KRALJEVSKI APARTMAN-ROCKER = sebuah band serbia yang menerangkan dimanapun akan ada sebuah band berjenis kelamin : rock.
KRAZE-DEVIL IN DISGUISE = sebuah band yang mencari sebuah warna untuk di tumpahkan kedalam sebuah kanvas bernama : heavy metal.
KREATOR-EXTREME AGGRESSION = sebuah band yang jenius, dengan musik yang memacu andrenalin, tidak pernah mereka peduli anda suka atau tidak.
KRISIUN-APOCALYPTIC REVELATION = sebuah band yang menangkap sebuah kegelapan untuk merubahnya menjadi kegelapan abadi.
KROKUS-HEADHUNTER = sebuah band yang jenius, menjelma menjadi pembunuh rock musik untuk di ganti menjadi metal.
KUNI-MASQUE = seorang gitaris, sederetan artis super gila dan sebuah album dengan rasa dendam yang hebat.
L. A. GUNS- L. A. GUNS = sebuah band yang mengisi pistol mereka dengan peluru dengan nama : fresh metal
LAAZ ROCKIT-KNOW YOUR ENEMY = sebuah band yang menerangkan musuh merupakan sebuah cermin dari diri kita sendiri.
LANDMARQ-THUNDERSTRUCK = sebuah band yang memberi dasar pada sebuah musik untuk bersuara seperti petir.
LANNY CORDOLA-ELECTRIC WARRIOR ACOUSTIC SAINT = seorang gitaris jenius dengan sebuah musik seperti prosa.'
LAWNMOWER DETH-RETURN OF THE FABULOUS METAL BOZO CLOWNS = sebuah band yang sangat unik dengan musik yang super edan.
LEATHERWOLF-STREET READY = sebuah band yang berubah menjadi srigala ketika mereka memainkan musik yang keras.
LETHAL-PROGRAMMED = sebuah band yang demikian berbahaya sehingga apapun takut mendekatinya.
LETTER X-TIME OF THE GATHERING = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau anda tidak metal maka anda akan di coret.
LIAR SYMPHONY-CHOOSE YOUR SIDE = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah simphony menjadi begitu liar.
LIMBONIC ART-IN ABHORRENCE DEMENTIA = sebuah band yang sangat berseni, musik klasik dan suasana kematian.
LINKIN' PARK-HYBRID THEORY = sebuah band yang merasa bangga akan musik yang baru di mana metal adalah dj mereka.
LIQUID TENSION EXPERIMENT-LIQUID TENSION EXPERIMENT = sebuah band dengan berbagai macam bunyi yang kacau namun menghasilkan sebuah warna indah.
LITTLE CAESAR-INFLUENCE = sebuah band yang dikatakan rendah untuk kemudian mereka bermain laksana kaisar.
LIVING DEATH-VENGEANCE OF HELL = sebuah band tua dengan musik yang di sentuh oleh sebuah api untuk menjadi sebuah neraka.
LIZZY BORDEN-LOVE YOU TO PIECES = sebuah band yang sangat energik dan sebuah kapak untuk menerangkan siapa mereka.
LORD VADER-GOLIATH = sebuah band poland yang menyebarkan virus bernama Heavy metal.
LOUDNESS-HURRICANE EYES = sebuah band asia yang menghantam dunia dengan sebuah musik yang demikian rockin'
LUCIFERION-DEMONICATION <> = sebuah band dengan rasa gelap dan dingin kemudian disuntikan roh jahat.
MACHINE HEAD - BURN MY EYES = sebuah band yang memberikan sebuah jiwa kedala sebuah musik bernama groove metal.
MAD MAX - STORMCHILD = sebuah band yang begitu sedap untuk di dengarkan, dan si gila max.
MADISON - DIAMOND MISTRESS / BEST IN SHOW = sebuah band yang menyatakan bahwa sesuatu akan indah melalui sebuah konser.
MALEVOLENT CREATION - RETRIBUTION = sebuah band yang mengusung kematian menjadi sesuatu yang menawan dan....kencang.
MALICE - LICENCE TO KILL = sebuah band yang menunjukkan apa arti sebuah kata jahat di dunia metal ini.
MAMMOTH - MAMMOTH = sebuah band yang merasa begitu besar, hanya musik tidaklah harus sesuai dengan namanya.
MANILLA ROAD - CRYSTAL LOGIC = sebuah band yang menyentuh sebuah cerita tentang apa itu kepahlawanan.
MANOWAR - FIGHTING THE WORLD = sebuah band super keren dengan sesuatu yang mereka tampilkan berupa : metal megah.
MARDUK - DARK ENDLESS = sebuah band yang berkata kalau kegelapan tidak mempunyai sebuah akhir.
MARILLION - FUGAZI = sebuah band dengan sesuatu yang begitu bersahaja yang di ramu dengan rasa pedas sebuah seni rock.
MARSHALL LAW - MARSHALL LAW = sebuah band yang meneror para metaller bahwa mereka adalah hukum rimba.
MASSACRE - FROM BEYOND = sebuah band yang menunjukkan bahwa musik metal jauh melebihi apapun yang berbunyi.
MASTER - COLLECTION OF SOULS = sebuah band yang menambahkan rasa ngeri kedalam sebuah kepanikan.
MEGADETH - PEACE SELLS ...... BUT WHO' S BUYING ? = sebuah band yang membalas sebuah penghinaan dengan musik yang ajaib.
MEKONG DELTA - DANCES OF DEATH = sebuah band yang menyusung sebuah warna yang indah ke dalam sebuah musik yang bergelombang keras.
MELIAH RAGE - KILL TO SURVIVE = sebuah band yang mengawali semua dengan sebuah yang begitu tangguh juga hebat.
MEMENTO MORI - LIFE, DEATH AND OTHER MORBID TALES = sebuah band yang merasa kalau sesuatu akan mengerikan jika di sentuh.
MERCYFUL FATE - DON' T BREAK THE OATH = sebuah band yang menyatakan bahwa sumpah metal janganlah di langgar.
MERCYLESS - ABJECT OFFERINGS = sebuah band yang tidak akan mengampuni apapun yang mengganggunya.
MESSIAH - HYMN TO ABRAMELIN = sebuah band yang merupakan sebuah legenda untuk kemudian di kenang.
MESSIAH FORCE - THE LAST DAY = sebuah band yang biasa saja, hanya mereka menghantam dengan sebuah kata saja : metal for you.
METAL CHURCH - METAL CHURCH = sebuah band yang menjatuhkan sebuah bintang yang tinggi untuk di hancurkan menjadi sekeping baja.
METAL INQUISITOR - THE APPARITION = sebuah band yang menyesuaikan dengan sebuah genre yang tak pernah hilang : heavy metal.
METALLICA - RIDE THE LIGHTNING = sebuah band yang menggambarkan sebuah dunia laksana sebuah kursi yang akan berlistrik, ketika sebuah metal menyentuhnya.
METANOIA - TIME TO DIE = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah religi dengan penampilan kematian.
METHOD OF DESTRUCTION - RHYTHM OF FEAR = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau ketakutan itu adalah sebuah irama.
MICHAEL SCHENKER GROUP - BUILT TO DESTROY = sebuah band, seorang super edan dengan sebuah sentuhan yang dapat menghancurkan.
MINDSNARE - THE NOBLE ANCESTRY = sebuah band yang berkata kalau pikiran laksana sebuah permainan yang di percepat.
MIRAGE - ..AND THE EARTH SHALL CRUMBLE = sebuah band yang mencari sebuah status dengan cara menambahkan kekelaman.
MISERY - CURSES = sebuah band yang menyatakan bahwa kepedihan hanya dapat di sembuhkan dengan sebuah kematian.
MISERY INDEX - OVETHROW = sebuah band yang bercerita bahwa apapun dapat di ukur dengan sebuah rasa yang ada di hati yang kejam.
MISFITS - MISFITS = sebuah band yang merubah punk menjadi begitu indah jika sentuhan metal terjadi.
MOB RULES - TEMPLE OF TWO SUNS = sebuah band yang menjadikan kekuasaan sebagai sebuah cara mendapatkan cahaya sebuah kekuatan.
MOONSPELL - UNDER THE MOONSPELL = sebuah band yang menjadikan bulan sebagai sebuah arah untuk menyebut kematian.
MORBID ANGEL - ALTARS OF MADNESS = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau kematian itu adalah sebuah kegilaan.
MORDRED - VISION = sebuah band yang mempunyai sebuah keunikan yang berasal dari sebuah cerita kehidupan.
MORNING AGAIN - AS TRADITION DIES SLOWLY = sebuah band yang menggariskan sebuah tradisi menjadi sebuah kengerian.
MORNING STAR - HELL = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah bintang menjadi sebuah tanda untuk neraka.
MORTICIAN - HACKED UP FOR BARBEQUE = sebuah band yang tahu kalau 2 orang sudah cukup untuk membuat api neraka membesar.
MORTIFICATION - PRIMITIVE RHYTHM MACHINE = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah religi dengan sebuah nafas kematian yang purba.
MOTLEY CRUE - SHOUT AT THE DEVIL = sebuah band yang menyusung sebuah kekejaman bagi sebuah teriakan bagi sang setan.
MOTORHEAD - ACE OF SPADES = sebuah band super jenius, dengan musik yang usang menghantam dunia agar mereka terdengar.
MUNDANUS IMPERTUM - THE SPECTRAL SPHERES CORONATION = sebuah band dengan rasa simphoni untuk sebuah power band.
MUTILATOR - IMMORTAL FORCE = sebuah band yang telah lama menghantam dunia musik dengan sebuah kekuatan abadi bernama metal.
MX - MENTAL SLAVERY = sebuah band yang memiliki sebuah ingatan akan pemusnahan.
MY DYING BRIDE - AS THE FLOWER WITHERS = sebuah band yang menyembah sesuatu yang begitu tenang dan dingin serta mati.
MYHTRA - THE DEATH AND DESTINY = sebuah band yang bergema untuk menaklukan sebuah guratan nasib.
MYSTIC CIRCLE - INFERNAL SATANIC VERSE = sebuah band yang mempunyai kekuatan untuk menyatakan sebuah rahasia tentang iblis.
NAKED CITY - GRAND GUIGNOL = sebuah band dengan keunikan yang demikian tidak masuk di akal tapi jadi sebuah musik yang demikian indah.
NAPALM DEATH - HARMONY CORRUPTION = sebuah band yang benar benar mengerti bagaimana sebuah keseimbangan dapat di hancurkan.
NASTY IDOLS - CRUEL INTENTION = sebuah band yang bermusik laksana sebuah boneka yang jahat.
NASTY SAVAGE - NASTY SAVAGE = sebuah band, seorang gila, dan sebuah naskah tentang kebrutalan.
NASUM - INHALE / EXHALE = sebuah band yang menunjukkan kalau kecepatan adalah sebuah keharusan.
NECRODEATH - FRAGMENTS OF INSANITY = sebuah band yang menyebutkan kalau kegilaan adalah hanya sebuah teka teki.
NECROMASS - MYSTERIA MYSTICA ZOFIRINA = sebuah band yang merupakan misteri bagi sebuah dunia yang gelap.
NECRONOMICON - ESCALATION = sebuah band yang menghancurkan secara total sebuah dunia tanpa metal.
NIGHTWISH - OCEANBORN = sebuah band, seorang wanita, dan seorang pemain keyboard jenius di dunia kekuatan metal.
NILE - BLACK SEEDS OF VENGEANCE = sebuah band yang menggambarkan sebuah mitos yang berganti menjadi metal murni.
NIRVANA - NEVERMIND = sebuah band yang mendunia hanya dengan sebuah lagu tanpa sketsa.
NITRO - O. F. R. = sebuah band, seorang gitaris keren, dan sebuah bom yang siap meledak.
NOCTURNUS - THRESHOLDS = sebuah band yang begitu melodius untuk sebuah musik kematian.
NOISEHUNTER - TIME TO FIGHT = sebuah band yang memberikan sebuah kegaduhan yang indah.
NUCLEAR ASSAULT - SOMETHING WICKED = sebuah band yang memperkenalkan sesuatu yang sangat jahat itu indah terdengar.
OBITUARY - CAUSE OF DEATH = sebuah band yang menghembuskan sebuah nafas kematian terhadap sebuah puisi yang indah.
OLD - THE MUSICAL DIMENSIONS OF SLEASTAK = sebuah band yang menamakan dirinya tua, walaupun musik mereka adalah abadi.
OLD MAN' S CHILD - THE PAGAN PROSPERITY = sebuah band yang merupakan anak dari sebuah kegelapan.
OMEN - THE CURSE = sebuah band yang merasa kalau sebuah kutukan adalah sebuah harmoni berirama indah.
ONSLAUGHT - POWER FROM HELL = sebuah band yang meiliki sebuah kekuatan untuk menghembuskan musik neraka.
OSMI PUTNIK - ZIV I PONOSAN = sebuah band yugoslavia yang menyebarkan berbagai virus bernama : glam metal
OSTROGOTH - FEELINGS OF FURY / TOO HOT = sebuah band yang sangat unik untuk sebuah citarasa ganas di dunia metal.
OSVAJACI - 1991 - 1995 ( KAV I LED / SAM ) = sebuah band serbia yang menyebarkan sebuah virus bernama : hard rock.
OUTRAGE - THE FINAL WAR = sebuah band asia yang menjajaki sebuah tangga dengan sebuah kemarahan.
OVERKILL - TAKING OVER = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau anda janganlah membohongi sebuah kata bernama metal.
OZ - III WARNING / DECIBEL STORM = sebuah band yang menggambarkan dunia metal adalah sebuah fantasi.
OZZY OSBOURNE - DIARY OF A MADMAN = sebuah band dan seorang jenius dan seorang bapak dari musik metal.
PAGANINI - IT'S A LONG WAY TO THE TOP = sebuah band yang berkata sangatlah sulit berada di puncak dengan sebuah musik yang biasa.
PANIC - EPIDEMIC = sebuah band yang menghantarkan sebuah musik trash menjadi begitu berirama.
PANTERA - COWBOYS FROM HELL = sebuah band jenius dengan sebuah sound yang tidak pernah anda dengar sebelumnya.
PARADISE LOST - LOST PARADISE = sebuah band yang mencampuri sebuah rasa gelisah dengan neraka yang hitam.
PARADOX - HERESY = sebuah band, seorang gitaris unik dan sebuah cerita klasik tentang metal.
PARADOXX - PLAN OF ATTAK = sebuah band yang meramu semua elemen rock menjadi sebuah nada yang "keras"
PESTILENCE - TESTIMONY OF THE ANCIENTS = sebuah band yang menghidupkan sesuatu yang purba untuk di ramu dengan rasa gurih metal musix.
PICTURE - HEAVY METAL EARS / PICTURE 1 = sebuah band yang menunjukkan sebuah gambar yang hidup ketika ditulis dengan pena "rock"
PLASMATICS - BEYOND THE VALLEY OF 1984 = sebuah band, seorang wanita ganas dan sebuah rekaman untuk dunia.
POISON - LOOK WHAT THE CAT DRAGGED IN = sebuah band yang feminim dengan musik yang garang.
POWERMAD - ABSOLUTE POWER = sebuah band dengan sebuah kekutan yang absolut untuk meneriakan metal.
PRETTY MAIDS - JUMP THE GUN = sebuah band, sebuah keganasan dan sebuah kelembutan yang mengerikan.
PRIMAL FEAR - PRIMAL FEAR = sebuah band yang menekuni sebuah rahasia tentang bagaimana heavy metal harus berbunyi.
PRONG - PROVE YOU WRONG = sebuah band yang memberi kesan groovy dengan sebuah musik thrash yang fresh.
PUNGENT STENCH - FOR GOD YOUR SOUL ... FOR ME YOUR FLESH = sebuah band super gila untuk musik super aneh.
QUATERMASS - QUATERMASS = sebuah band dengan rasa panas yang menghantam dengan lambat kemudian meledak.
QUEEN - A NIGHT AT THE OPERA = sebuah band super, seorang vokalis dan sekelompok manusia jenius untuk rock.
QUEENSRYCHE - THE WARNING = sebuah band yang memberikan peringatan akan sebuah serbuan dari sebuah band tanpa nama.
QUIET RIOT - METAL HEALTH = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau kegilaan adalah sebuah melodi indah.
RAGE - PERFECT MAN = sebuah band yang merubah kemarahan menjadi sebuah melodi yang keras.
RAMMSTEIN - HERZELEID = sebuah band yang begitu arogan dengan sebuah musik laksana mesin industri.
RATT - INVASION OF YOUR PRIVACY = sebuah band yang akan menyerang anda dengan sebuah kata : You' re in love.
RAVEN - THE PACK IS BACK = sebuah band super edan dengan dibekali sebuah musik super cepat untuk metal.
RAZOR - EVIL INVADERS = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau kecepatan dan kekasaran adalah sebuah melodi yang tajam seperti silet.
REPULSION - HORRIFIED = sebuah band yang menawarkan sebuah teka teki bernama kematian.
REVEREND - PLAY GOD = sebuah band yang menambah elemen dosa kedalam sebuah ramuan bernama metal.
RHAPSODY - SYMPHONY OF ENCHANTED LANDS = sebuah band yang menghembuskan nafas klasik kepada sebuah musik yang cepat.
RIBLJA CORBA - RIBLJA CORBA KOST U GRLU = sebuah band serbia yang menyebarkan virus 70's rock untuk musik metal.
RIGHTEOUS PIGS - STRESS RELATED = sebuah band yang menyatakan bahwa arti stress sama dengan sebuah melodi yang keras.
RIOT - THUNDERSTEEL = sebuah band yang menawrkan sebuah musik yang demikian menarik untuk di nikmati dengan kemarahan.
RITUAL CARNAGE - THE HIGHEST LAW = sebuah band asia yang menghajar sebuah tembok tinggi dengan hukumya sendiri.
ROSE TATTOO - ROCK N' ROLL OUTLAW = sebuah band rock n roll dengan rasa yang sangat "gurih"
ROTTING CHRIST - KHRONOS / SATANAS TEDEUM = sebuah band yang berhubungan dengan kegelapan dan hitam yang sangat pekat.
RUTHLESS - DISCIPLINE OF STEEL = sebuah band yang menyatakan diri sebagai sebuah kumpulan manusia berhati logam.
S. D. I. - SIGN OF THE WICKED = sebuah band yang sangat energik yang menciptakan sebuah musik api.
SABBAT <> - HISTORY OF A TIME TO COME = sebuah band yang menceritakan sejarah berdasarkan kepada melodi rock.
SACRED REICH - THE AMERICAN WAY = sebuah band yang mengusung sebuah musik yang dengan riff seperti api.
SADUS - A VISION OF MISERY = sebuah band yang menyatakan kalau penderitaan adalah juga sebuah irama yang baik bagi metal.
SAINTS & SINNERS - SAINTS & SINNERS = sebuah band dengan membandingkan kebaikan dan kejahatan dalam lingkaran rock.
SALTY DOG - EVERY DOG HAS ITS DAY = sebuah band hard rock yang menempelkan sebuah "benda" bernama metal kedalam musiknya.
SAMAEL - 1987 / 1992 - WORSHIP HIM / BLOOD RITUAL = sebuah band, seorang pemusik jenius dan sebuah doa yang mengerikan untuk kegelapan.
SAMMY HAGAR - VOA = sebuah band, seorang gitaris dan sebuah rock musik yang berenergik dengan irama yang sangat menyegarkan.
SAMSON - REFUGEE = sebuah band, seorang jenius dan sebuah masterpiece yang begitu terasa sebagai sebuah prosa.
SANCTUARY - REFUGE DENIED = sebuah band yang menerawang jauh, ketika sebuah seni di ramu dengan sebuah kekerasan yang indah.
SANGRE AZUL - OBSESION / CUERPO A CUERPO / EL SILENCIO DE LA NOCHE = sebuah band, menerkam glam metal dan menyebarkan virus gila di argentina.
SARCOFAGO - I.N.R.I. = sebuah band, sebuah album dan sebuah maha karya yang menjadi panutan bagi semua band gelap dan kencang di brazil.
SATAN - COURT IN THE ACT = sebuah band, sebuah permulaan dari apa yang tahu sebagai NWOBHM, dialah nya.
SATAN JOKERS - LES FILS DU METAL = sebuah band, heavy metal yang di kemas menjadi sebuah keharusan bagi para pencintannya di perancis.
SATAN'S HOST - METAL FROM HELL = sebuah band yang solid yang menawarkan sebuah rasa neraka dari musik metal yang mereka buat.
SAVAGE - LOOSE N' LETHAL = sebuah band, sebuah kenapa sebuah genre begitu mempengaruhi genre selanjutnya, perkenalkan : NWOBHM in speed.
SAVAGE GRACE - AFTER THE FALL FROM GRACE = sebuah band yang melengkapi sebuah buku tentang rock yang di tulis laksana sastra.
SAVATAGE - SIRENS =sebuah band, sebuah album yang memperkenalkan bahwa tak ada kata jelek dalam sebuah prosa bernama : metal.
SAXON - POWER AND THE GLORY = sebuah band yang jenius dengan berbagai album yang merasuk ke dalam jiwa dan memberikannya roh metal.
SCANNER - TERMINAL EARTH = sebuah band yang menggambarkan sebuah tulisan menjadi sebuah musik ber warna baja.
SCORPIONS - LOVE AT FIRST STING = sebuah band, segenggam cinta yang di lemparkan ke langit dan menjadi sebuah pelangi rock yang indah.
SCREAM, THE - LET IT SCREAM = sebuah band, jeritan kemarahan dan sebuah cara untuk membuat semua orang berteriak.
SEAHAGS - SEAHAGS = sebuah band yang berkata kalau rock musik adalah sebuah drama manusia yang begitu menyedihkan.
SECRECY - RAGING ROMANCE = sebuah band yang memancarkan sebuah romansa yang begitu mengerikan.
SEPULTURA - ARISE = sebuah band yang menjadi besar karena apa yang di beri merupakan sebuah keindahan di dalam dunia penuh darah.
SERENADE - THE CHAOS THEY CREATE = sebuah band dengan sebuah alunan lagu yang seperti simphoni, simphoni untuk kematian.
SHADOW GALLERY - SHADOW GALLERY = sebuah band, sepasang sayap yang di kembangkan untuk menyebarkan sebuah virus bernama progressif yang keras.
SHADOW KEEP - CORRUPTION WITHIN = sebuah band, sesosok bayangan yang menghantui kata : power dengan sebuah sastra bernama : metal.
SHADOW KING - SHADOW KING = sebuah band, seorang jenius dan sebuah album untuk di cerna menjadi sebuah rock yang glamor.
SHIVA - FIRE DANCE = sebuah band yang menggambarkan sesosok dewa yang dipercaya untuk menyebarkan sebuah religi bernama : metal.
SHOTGUN MESSIAH - SECOND COMING = sebuah band, sebuah album dan sebuah melodi rock yang menyegarkan dengan sound metal.
SHY ENGLAND - MISSPENT YOUTH = sebuah band yang merubah sebuah kata rock menjadi hard rock yang melodius.
SICKNESS - ORNAMENTS OF MUTILATION = sebuah band yang menerangkan kalau musik kematian adalah sebuah obat untuk pesakitan.
SIGH - IMAGINARY SONICSCAPE = sebuah band, sekelompok orang jenius dan sebuah musik tradisional dengan rasa metal kamatian.
SINISTER - CROSS THE STYX = sebuah band yang memberitahukan bagaimana cara untuk melintasi sebuah sungai gelap dengan musik neraka.
SINNER - COMIN' OUT FIGHTING = sebuah band yang memimpikan bagaimana seorang pendosa membuat Tuhanpun tertawa dan berdansa.
SIREN - FINANCIAL $UICIDE = sebuah band, sebuah pencipta mimpi yang begitu hebat sehingga kengerian rock adalah menu utama.
SISTERS OF MERCY, THE - VISION THING = sebuah band jenius yang memulai sebuah rasa yang baru di sebuah minuman bernama : rock.
SIX FEET UNDER - HAUNTED = sebuah band yang menghantui setiap jiwa yang menjauh dari sebuah musik kematian.
SKID ROW - SKID ROW = sebuah band yang begitu lezat untuk di nikmati ketika hati sedang begitu damai.
SLADE - YOU BOYZ MAKE BIG NOISE = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah musik rock menjadi sebuah musik untuk berdansa.
SLANDER - CARELESS TALK COSTS LIVES = sebuah band, sebuah album dan sebuah rasa aneh dengan musik yang demikian biasa.
SLAUGHTER HOUSE - FACE REALITY = sebuah band, sebuah nama yang mengerikan dan lihatlah kenyataan tentang siapa mereka.
SLAUTER XSTROYES - FREE THE BEAST = sebuah band yang hampir dilupakan, dan kemudian mereka memegang teguh rasa panas dari sebuah rock musix.
SLAYER - HELLAWAITS = sebuah band yang begitu merasuk di jiwa dan membelah hati menjadi sisi yang hitam dan sisi yang gelap.
SLIK TOXIK - DOIN' THE NASTY = sebuah band, sebuah album yang menyatakan bahwa glam metal tetaplah indah di lihat dan di dengar.
SLIPKNOT - SLIPKNOT = sebuah band, sekelompok orang gila, yang merubah musik menjadi sebuah keping bersisi 1000.
SODOM - AGENT ORANGE = sebuah band, sebuah album dan sekeping hati metal yang diberikan untuk mereka sepenuh hati, dan hitamlah hati itu.
SOILENT GREEN - PUSSYSOUL = sebuah band yang membuat sebuah mesin tempur menjadi tidak ada artinya.
SOLSTICE - SOLSTICE = sebuah band, sebuah album keren dan sebuah trash simponi yang begitu indah di terawang.
SONATA ARCTICA - SILENCE = sebuah band, sebuah album dan sebuah kesunyian yang mengerikan untuk sebuah kekuatan bernama Metal.
SOOTHSAYER - HAVE A GOOD TIME = sebuah band yang berkata "semoga anda senang" dengan musik gila yang trashy dari kami.
SOPOR AETERNUS - SOPOR AETERNUS = sebuah band, sebuah album yang meneror anda dengan
           African Harvest Festivals: Botswana's Letlhafula Festival (information & videos)         
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post presents information about Letlhafula, a traditional annual Batswana festival. Five YouTube videos of this festival are also included in this post. Those videos showcase traditional dancing and singing performances and audience participation dancing during various Letlhafula festivals. In addition this post also showcases a video of an original Batswana song and a video of a Batswana Hip Hop song about this festival.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are quoted in this post and thanks to the performers who are featured in these videos. In addition. thanks to the publishers of these videos on YouTube.
-snip-
This post is part of pancocojams' ongoing series on African Harvest Festivals. Click that tag below to find other posts in this series.

****
INFORMATION ABOUT LETLHAFULA
From https://tjdema.blogspot.com/2013/06/letlhafula-movable-feast-from-gaborone.html
TJ DEMA ...this too, is Africa(n). Friday, June 7, 2013
"LETLHAFULA: A movable feast from Gaborone to Germany

Further, German settlers to the Eastern Cape in 1858 often elected to wear the blue print that was widely available as a trade cloth and echoed the Blaudruk that they were familiar with in Germany," History of Shweshwe, Da Gama textiles.

And this ladies and gentlemen is one plausible explanation of why the Botswana national dress for women is made out of a fabric often colloquially referred to as German print. I’m writing about this because I’m in Berlin and it took twenty-four hours from my door in Gaborone to the hotel door in Potsdamer. So of course my first thought was how and why in the world we chose this particular fabric to don for our cultural ceremonies all the way in Southern Africa. Of course I know from my primary school social studies class that the Germans have a history with Namibia, which borders Botswana to the west, but I wondered what the connection might be between my temporary digs and back home.

Just last weekend I attended a food and culture festival in Botswana, known as Letlhafula. Letlhafula is a Setswana word meaning ‘harvest’ and can be taken to mean a/the time of harvest

[...]

The festival is held every May probably because our winter begins around then and ends in July - give or take a couple of weeks on either end. This is arguably the best time to reap what we have sown before winter well and truly kicks in. I am what could be called an unreliable narrator because I’ve spent my entire life in the city and the seasons pass differently in urban spaces, more as a reference to fashion than food. The only quality time in a village setting that I got for eighteen years was 3 weeks every Christmas holiday, not enough time to properly pick up what a number of my village-raised peers know backwards. What I do know is this, that the way we traditionally marked the harvest time was by feasting on all of nature’s bounty (sounds like an ad for frozen veggies) and so this festival is a kind of urbanized celebration of that agrarian practice.

[...]

Setswana traditional cuisine is healthy, I suppose our idea of dessert would be fruit. The food is filling, often protein heavy but prepared in a way that hasn’t for whatever reason given the entire population gout given how much of it we eat. As one of our top 3 Miss Botswana beauty contestants recently said, - Botswana has more cows than people. In fact over 50% of the country's households own cattle.

Back at the festival, there is a sizable stage where a number of artists including traditional instrumentalists, dancers, poets reciting in Setswana and comedians regale the masses with words and sound and such stuff. All of this served in the great outdoors, well in a courtyard with tables over-layed with the leteise which my elderly aunts still call *Jeremane (a kind of lehnwort, although probably more of an adaptation rather than a direct loan of the word Germany). It is basically indigo fabric but these days it is available in a myriad of colors not just the original blue that our mothers always wear to weddings and cultural ceremonies such as the sending off of a bride to her in-laws the day after she is wed.

*Je – as in jerry
re – as in renegade
mane – as in, well as in mah- nay"

****
SHOWCASE VIDEOS
Example #1: Orange Letlhafula.mp4



Gazette Lapologa, Published on May 30, 2011

Letlhafula is an annual Food & Dance Festival hosted by Botswanacraft on the last Saturday in May. Based on Traditions of Botswana the festival offers a wide variety of local foods cooked in large traditional pots, entertainment is provided with traditional dancing and music.
snip-
The "Orange" in this title and in several other banners at Letlhafula festivals is the name of "Orange Botswana", an international telecommunications company that is the corporate sponsor for these festivals.
From https://www.bloomberg.com/research/stocks/private/snapshot.asp?privcapId=27423545
"Orange Botswana (PTY) Ltd. provides mobile communications services in Europe. It offers converged voice, roaming, coverage, mobile downloads, mobile plan, broadband, fixed line, Internet, data, and mobile services. The company sells its products and services through retailers and distributors in France, Romania, Switzerland, Slovakia, Spain, the Caribbean, and Africa. Orange Botswana (PTY) Ltd. was formerly known as Vista Cellular (PTY) Ltd. and changed its name in March 2003. The company was founded in 1998 and is based in Gaberones, Botswana. Orange Botswana (PTY) Ltd. operates as a subsidiary of Orange."
-snip-
Hat tip to the editor of https://tjdema.blogspot.com/2013/06/letlhafula-movable-feast-from-gaborone.html for this information that was included below one of the photos that was featured in that article.

I mistakenly thought that "Orange Letlhafula" was the name of the festival because I wasn't familiar with the corporate name "Orange", and because I saw all of those video titles and stage banners with those words.

****
Example #2: Orange Letlhafula.mp4



Gazette Lapologa Published on May 30, 2011

Letlhafula is an annual Food & Dance Festival hosted by Botswanacraft on the last Saturday in May. Based on Traditions of Botswana the festival offers a wide variety of local foods cooked in large traditional pots, entertainment is provided with traditional dancing and music.
-snip-
Here's the only comment to date that is posted in this video's discussion thread:
avidave, 2011
"Eish , if u could only post longer videos , Ke dule pelo gore ke utlwe ke gopola Botswana,havent seen the wonderful performance live in a very long time
-snip-
Google translate gave this Sesotho to English translation for the words "Ke dule pelo gore ke utlwe ke gopola" = "I'm sorry that I can remember it".

Perhaps a better English translation would have been something like "Remembering this makes me sad.”
-snip-
From https://www.urbandictionary.com/define.php?term=eish
"eish
Used in South African English and Afrikaans to express exasperation or disbelief. The word was first transliterated from the Xhosa language to Afrikaans, and then into South African English.

"So, there's been ANOTHER power outage, hey, bru? Eish."
-snip-
I wonder if the word "eish" had its source in the four letter English curse word "sh&t".

****
Example #3: Botswana Music Guitar - Obed - "Letlhafula".



Bokete7 Published on Nov 17, 2012

Born 1952, Obed Batlang from Tlokweng just outside Gaborone playing his song.

****
Example #4: Krash Letlhafula



krash Wa'keli Published on Jul 5, 2012

New Music Video.'Letlhafula'.you always been waiting for it, after i performed this song at BTV,now you can enjoy and download it.
-snip-
This is an example of Hip-Hop music in Botswana. Notice the gestures that were adopted from African American originated & performed Hip Hop music.

****
Example #5: ORANGE LETLHAFULA 2017




TheVoiceBW, Published on Jun 1, 2017

The 2017 edition of the Orange Lethafula.

****
Thanks for visiting pancocojams.

Visitor comments are welcome.

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"Dan janganlah sebagian kamu memakan harta sebagian lain di antara kamu dengan jalan bathil dan (janganlah) kamu membawa (urusan) harta itu kepada hakim agar kamu dapat memakan sebagian daripada harta benda orang lain itu dengan (jalan) berbuat dosa, padahal kamu mengetahui".Al Baqarah ayat 183

Ayat tersebut menegaskan bahwa saum di bulan Ramadan itu berkaitan erat dengan perilaku ekonomi yang berhubungan dengan kepemilikan harta beserta usaha-usaha untuk mendapatkannya. Korelasi makna sederhananya adalah perilaku bisnis.

class="fullpost">


ALQURAN surat Al Baqarah ayat 183 mendeklarasikan kewajiban universal melaksanakan ibadah saum "...diwajibkan atasmu saum seperti diwajibkan (kepada) orang sebelum kamu." Dimensinya luas, baik untuk tempat, waktu, maupun bidang.



Aspek pengaturan langsung saum adalah ayat 183 hingga ayat 187 yang menegaskan bahwa saum mesti mampu menciptakan harmoni keluarga dengan kehalalan pergaulan suami istri.


Konteks konsekuensi atau sekurang-kurangnya implikasi untuk kehidupan sosial ekonomi adalah ayat 188, yang artinya, "Dan janganlah sebagian kamu memakan harta sebagian lain di antara kamu dengan jalan bathil dan (janganlah) kamu membawa (urusan) harta itu kepada hakim agar kamu dapat memakan sebagian daripada harta benda orang lain itu dengan (jalan) berbuat dosa, padahal kamu mengetahui".


Ayat tersebut menegaskan bahwa saum di bulan Ramadan itu berkaitan erat dengan perilaku ekonomi yang berhubungan dengan kepemilikan harta beserta usaha-usaha untuk mendapatkannya. Korelasi makna sederhananya adalah perilaku bisnis.


Dalam hal ini, ada empat hal yang dikandung di dalamnya. Pertama, dilarang melakukan usaha yang dikualifikasikan bathil (La ta'kuluu amwaalakum bainakum bil baathil) seperti manipulasi (gharar), judi (maisir), maupun rente (riba).


Kedua, efek buruk dari kebathilan itu nantinya menjadi perkara di ruang pengadilan (tudluu biha ilal hukaami) yang curang (suap menyuap, intervensi, atau kolusi).


Ketiga, putusan yang diproduk menyebabkan pihak pemenang perkara memakan harta dengan cara dosa (li ta'kuluu fariiqan min amwalinnasi bil itsmi).


Keempat, semua proses dan hasil-hasilnya itu dilakukan dengan penuh kesadaran, kesengajaan, dan rekayasa (wa antum ta'lamuun). Dalam hal ini, saum mencegah agar dalam berusaha mencari rezeki dilarang melalui cara bathil yang jelas-jelas bertentangan dengan syariah Islam.


Prinsip-prinsip syariah Islam yang menjadi dasar pengelolaan ekonomi syariah, sesungguhnya merupakan nilai-nilai yang ditujukan agar pengelolaan ekonomi berjalan di rel kebenaran (ma'rufat) dan jauh dari sifat-sifat bathil (munkarat).


Di bidang perbankan, mengganti bunga menjadi keuntungan berdasarkan prinsip mudharabah, murabahah, ataupun musyarakah, itu merupakan pengejawantahan dalil "mengharamkan bunga menghalalkan jual beli".


Begitu pula dalam perasuransian melalui konsep takaful dan adanya rekening tabarru' menjadikan halal atas pembayaran klaim risiko pemegang polis, karena dengan hal itu gharar (uncertainty), maisir (gambling), dan riba (usury) dapat dieliminasi.


Di pasar modal, berjalannya prinsip bagi hasil dan nisbah yang ditentukan di muka dengan instrumen obligasi syari'ah mudharabah--berdasarkan fatwa dewan syariah nasional tentang pedoman investasi untuk reksadana syariah--, menjadikan investasi dan keuntungan yang didapat tidak dikotori oleh hal-hal yang bersifat ribawi.


Pasar modal syariah memiliki daya pencegah yang kuat terhadap kejahatan-kejahatan pasar modal, seperti penipuan dan manipulasi pasar, baik marking the close, painting the tape, cornering the market, pools, wash sales, maupun insider trading.


Keberadaan Dewan Pengawas Syariah di setiap lembaga ekonomi syariah, tentu menjadi faktor penting untuk dapat terpelihara dan dijalankannya prinsip-prinsip syariah pada lembaga-lembaga tersebut. Pengembangan ekonomi syariah pun memiliki daya dukung yang memadai sebagaimana pesatnya pertumbuhan yang menjadi fenomena akhir-akhir ini.

Di sisi lain, atas dasar kesadaran Muslim untuk mendapatkan rezeki--dengan cara yang halal menjauhi riba dan larangan Allah lainnya--, menjadikan kekuatan lembaga ekonomi syariah yang terbukti kuat terpaksa menghadapi badai krisis ekonomi, serta kebijakan politik ekonomi optimalisasi penghimpunan dana publik, dan alokasi bagi keragaman upaya menyejahterakan masyarakat.

Karenanya, Ramadan saat ini mesti dijadikan momentum strategis untuk mengakselerasi perkembangan ekonomi syariah. Ramadan yang asal katanya "armidho", artinya "terik" adalah saat penggodokan untuk banyak hal.


Dari aspek regulasi kini digodok undang-undang perbankan syariah, revisi undang-undang surat utang negara, persiapan undang-undang asuransi syariah.


Dari aspek konsep dual economic system, digodok pula blue print pengembangan ekonomi syariah sebagai solusi, serta pembentukan berbagai lembaga baru syariah seperti broker syariah, firma hukum (law firm) syariah, dan lain-lainnya. Sebagai bulan dakwah (syahrud da'wah), maka patut menggemakan dakwah bil iqtishodi agar kegiatan ekonomi dapat menghasilkan dana untuk perkembangan dakwah, dapat membangun jaringan dakwah sebagai kekuatan umat, serta dapat membangun sistem ekonomi syariah yang otonom.


Ketika potensi berada di tiga tataran yaitu kesadaran syariah umat, keunggulan prinsip ekonomi syariah, dan politik ekonomi yang men-support perkembangan ekonomi syariah, maka ketiga hal ini di bulan Ramadan mesti menjadi fokus eksplorasi kegiatan. Kesadaran bersyariah di bidang muamalah ditumbuhkembangkan dengan menanamkan keyakinan bahwa ketaatan pada syariat di bidang muamalah, khususnya bidang iqishodiyah, merupakan perwujudan dari keimanan dan ibadah yang berpahala di sisi Allah SWT.


Keunggulannya, dibuktikan dengan menyalurkan dana ke sektor riil seperti Baitul Maal wat Tamwil (BMT) dan usaha kecil dan menengah (UKM) dengan memperbanyak akad mudharabah dan musyarakah.


Adapun aspek politik ekonomi, didorong agar pemerintah cepat mengeluarkan peraturan dan kebijakan-kebijakan yang lebih memihak pada pengembangan ekonomi syariah. Dengan begitu, diharapkan ada pencanangan gerakan ekonomi syariah secara nasional oleh presiden pada bulan Ramadan ini.


Selain hal-hal tersebut di atas, maka dalam rangka optimalisasi ibadah umat di bulan Ramadan melalui pengembangan ekonomi syariah, perlu dipertimbangkan hal-hal berikut:


Pertama, melalui berbagai media dakwah seperti ceramah tarawih, kegiatan pesantren kilat di sekolah, atau kursus dakwah di masjid-masjid, dimasukkan tema ekonomi syariah pada paket materi yang disajikan. Begitu pula program-program Ramadan pada televisi dapat menayangkan berbagai kegiatan ekonomi syariah, mendiskusikan, dan mendialogkan secara interaktif.


Kedua, Dewan Syariah Nasional (DSN) Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) yang memproduksi fatwa-fatwa, segera melakukan sosialisasi intensif, baik kepada lembaga ekonomi syariah maupun pihak-pihak lain yang terkait sebagai stakeholders, agar secara sosiologis fatwa-fatwa tersebut dapat dipraktikkan dalam pergaulan ekonomi sehari-hari dan berlaku sebagai hukum kebiasaan (usage).


Ketiga, peningkatan silaturahmi lembaga ekonomi syariah melalui forum Masyarakat Ekonomi Syariah (MES) bukan saja di tingkat nasional, melainkan juga internasional. Mulailah dirintis pembangunan blok ekonomi syariah secara global setahap demi setahap negara-negara Muslim dapat melepaskan diri dari ketergantungan global terhadap sistem ekonomi kapitalis.


Keempat, mengingat pentingnya lembaga peradilan yang berwenang menyelesaikan sengketa bisnis syariah, selain badan arbitrase, maka perlu diperjuangkan pada syahrul jihad ini perluasan ruang lingkup pengadilan agama. Agar ada performance baru dan perluasan ruang lingkup, termasuk kesiapan untuk menyelesaikan sengketa bisnis syariah, maka pengadilan agama mesti diubah menjadi pengadilan syariah. Dengan demikian, tingkatan berikutnya adalah pengadilan tinggi syariah dan mahkamah agung. Untuk ini, diperlukan adanya amendemen terhadap Undang-Undang Peradilan Agama.


Di bulan Ramadan ini pulalah, kita perlu banyak memohon ampun atas kesalahan-kesalahan bangsa dalam berekonomi yang mengakibatkan bertubi-tubinya peringatan Allah SWT menimpa bangsa Indonesia, baik bencana alam maupun keterpurukan nilai rupiah ataupun kenaikan harga bahan bakar minyak (BBM) yang mencekik rakyat.


Kiranya dengan mengembalikan ke rel yang benar melalui pengembangan ekonomi syariah, Allah SWT memberi jalan keluar atas kesulitan luar biasa yang dirasakan oleh bangsa dan rakyat Indonesia selama ini.


Sungguh, Ramadan adalah bulan harapan dan penguak kegelapan. Doa senantiasa dipanjatkan. Tak akan putus asa kita berjuang dan berdoa. "Doa seseorang di antara kamu akan dikabulkan selama dia tidak minta untuk dipercepat dengan mengatakan 'aku sudah berdoa, namun doaku tak dikabulkan'." (H.R Malik) Wallahua'lam bishshawwab.***


Penulis, aktivis Muhammadiyah, advokat "Sharia Law Firm Rizal-Hilmansyah".


From :http://www.pikiran-rakyat.com/cetak/2005/1005/24/0108.htm




          (USA-GA-ATHENS) Quality Assurance Specialist I        
Boehringer Ingelheim is an equal opportunity global employer who takes pride in maintaining a diverse and inclusive culture. We embrace diversity of perspectives and strive for an inclusive environment which benefits our employees, patients and communities. **Description:** The Quality Assurance Specialist I will support routine batch release responsibilities in an assigned department(s). As an employee of Boehringer Ingelheim, you will actively contribute to the discovery, development and delivery of our products to our patients and customers. Our global presence provides opportunity for all employees to collaborate internationally, offering visibility and opportunity to directly contribute to the companies' success. We realize that our strength and competitive advantage lie with our people. We support our employees in a number of ways to foster a healthy working environment, meaningful work, diversity and inclusion, mobility, networking and work-life balance. Our competitive compensation and benefit programs reflect Boehringer Ingelheim's high regard for our employees. **Duties & Responsibilities** + Responsible for completing all related activities associated with product release for the assigned manufacturing department(s). + Review batch records + Review / Approve document revisions + Ensure thorough investigation and closure of deviations + Initiate holds and complete dispositions + Approve change controls and complete implementation plan + Conduct on floor support to ensure compliance during production activities + Complete blue print and legend review annually + Complete outline and dossier review annually + Support routine internal audits and self-inspections + Support additional projects as needed related to the Quality Assurance Department. **Requirements:** + Bachelor’s Degree required with a focus in Biology, Science, or Engineering preferred + Minimum 2 years related experience and/or training in a regulated manufacturing environment in Quality Assurance, Quality Control, or Manufacturing. **Desired Skills, Experience, and Abilities** : + Experience working in a cleanroom environment; + Experience with aspects within sterility assurance (environmental monitoring, aseptic process simulations, water systems); + Experience in a USDA regulated environment; + Sufficient experience in FDA and/or USDA regulated industry; + Computer skills in Microsoft Office applications and the ability to quickly and easily learn new applications. **Eligibility Requirements:** + Must be legally authorized to work in the United States without restriction. + Must be willing to take a drug test and post-offer physical (if required) + Must be 18 years of age or older **Our Culture:** Boehringer Ingelheim is one of the world’s top 20 pharmaceutical companies and operates globally with approximately 50,000 employees. Since our founding in 1885, the company has remained family-owned and today we are committed to creating value through innovation in three business areas including human pharmaceuticals, animal health and biopharmaceutical contract manufacturing. Since we are privately held, we have the ability to take an innovative, long-term view. Our focus is on scientific discoveries and the introduction of truly novel medicines that improve lives and provide valuable services and support to patients and their families. Employees are challenged to take initiative and achieve outstanding results. Ultimately, our culture and drive allows us to maintain one of the highest levels of excellence in our industry. We are also deeply committed to our communities and our employees create and engage in programs that strengthen the neighborhoods where we live and work. Boehringer Ingelheim, including Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Boehringer Ingelheim USA, Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health USA, Inc., Merial Barceloneta, LLC and Boehringer Ingelheim Fremont, Inc. is an equal opportunity and affirmative action employer committed to a culturally diverse workforce. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to race; color; creed; religion; national origin; age; ancestry; nationality; marital, domestic partnership or civil union status; sex, gender identity or expression; affectional or sexual orientation; disability; veteran or military status, including protected veteran status; domestic violence victim status; atypical cellular or blood trait; genetic information (including the refusal to submit to genetic testing) or any other characteristic protected by law. Boehringer Ingelheim is firmly committed to ensuring a safe, healthy, productive and efficient work environment for our employees, partners and customers. As part of that commitment, Boehringer Ingelheim conducts pre-employment verifications and drug screenings. *I-CN1 *LI-CN1 **Organization:** _US-Merial, Inc._ **Title:** _Quality Assurance Specialist I_ **Location:** _Americas-United States-GA-Athens_ **Requisition ID:** _173470_
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PENDAHULUAN

Perlahan menua dengan pasti, segarnya lenyap, kuatnya melemah sebelum tiada. Lahir sebagai bayi merah lemah, tumbuh berkembang hanya menuju pada mati. Tema pokok tentang hidup dan mati selalu sejenak hinggap dalam sadar kita. Orang sibuk bertutur bagaimana menitip tanda selama kesadaran masih lagi memenuhi kepala. Nama atau identitas apapun seakan jadi peneguh, bila kita pernah hadir di sini dan kini, sesaat saja. Walau nyata juga bila hadirnya diri, hampir tak berbekas dibanding usia jagat raya, teramat tak bernilai bila disanding dengan perkasanya matahari berpijar meledak entah sejak kapan dan sampai kapan. Sebagian spesies kita melawan dengan menulis, menulis apa saja; mulai dari buku harian, resep, artikel hingga berjilid-jilid buku dengan beragam topik. Ada yang memilih menikah, pesan genetik yang terekam dalam kromosom tubuh kita tetap lestari lewat hadirnya anak. Sebagian yang lain terus berteguh pada ideal-ideal pegangan, berjejer mulai dari sikap politik, pemikiran filosofis hingga yakin kukuh pada satu bangunan ide.

Spesies manusia berusaha menitip sesuatu bagi manusia setelahnya, entah itu harta, ilmu atau apa saja. Setiap kita tergerak untuk menoreh jejak bagi peradaban (tergambar dari corat-coret di kamar co-ass, sekedar contoh ji! J).

Dan spesifik di kampus kita, mungkin kita butuh sesuatu yang lepas dari metode ilmiah; metode ilmiah sekilas sepertinya mengantar pada pencapaian-pencapaian yang berarti. Kemudahan tersebar di mana-mana, tapi bakat-bakat terluhur dari kemanusiaan tak kunjung mekar, pelan-pelan pula secara massal, kita menyelenggarakan bunuh diri diam-diam. Dalam rintih yang perih, kita sekedar bertanya sendiri untuk dijawab sendiri. Misal, soalan sederhana tapi pelik di sini (di Unhalu) ialah sikap purba yang memodernkan dirinya lewat pertarungan antar fakultas, antar dosen vs mahasiswa, antar sesama birokrat, kelompok terpinggir Vs kelompok tengah, atas Vs bawah, dsb.

TINJAUAN TOERITIS

Pengertian Dan Fungsi-Fungsi Manajemen

Untuk dapat memahami pengertian manajemen, perlu diketahui bahwa dalam manajemen terkandung pengertian-pengertian :

1. Manajemen adalah suatu proses yang merupakan rangkaian kegiatan-kegiatan yang sistematik.

2. Fungsi manajemen adalah masing-masing bentuk kegiatan-kegiatan tersebut.

3. Dalam Manajemen, kegiatan-kegiatan tersebuf diatur oleh para manajer yang menggerakkan sumber daya (resources ) dalam rangkaian kegiatan tersebut.

4. Proses/rangkaian kegiatan/penggerakkan sumber daya tersebut dilakukan untuk mencapai/merealisasikan tujuan yang telah ditetapkan sebelumnya.

Dengan demikian pola umum pengertian manajemen, sebagai berikut:

1. Manajemen adalah alat daripada administrasi untuk mencapai tujuan, sehingga disebut sebagai unsur dinamik.

2. Manajemen bergerak, bekerja dalam unsur statik administrasi yaitu organisasi.

3. Manajemen menggerakkan sumber daya (resources) dalam setiap proses/kegiatan/fungsinya.

4. Penggerakan sumber daya tersebut dalam masing-masing fungsi manajemen.

5. Arah gerakan manajemen adalah untuk mencapai/merealisasi tujuan.

6. Asas/prinsip gerakan proses tersebut adalah efisiensi.

Manajemen adalah proses yang terdiri atas perencanaan, pengorganisasian, penggerak-an, pelaksanaan dan pengawasan, dengan memanfaatkan ilmu dan seni, untuk mencapai tujuan yang telah ditetapkan. (George R. Terry dalam ‘principle of management’, 1960)

Pengertian fungsi perencanaan (planning)

Perencanaan adalah suatu proses sistematik berupa pengambilan keputusan tentang pemilihan sasaran, tujuan, strategi, kebijakan, bentuk program, pelaksanaan program dan penilaian keberhasilan

Perencanaan berarti pengambilan keputusan dengan memperhitungkan perubahan apa yang akan terjadi (forecasting of changes)

Percncanaan adalah fungsi perlama yang harus dilaksanakan dalam manajemen dan merupakan fungsi yang paling penting, karena merupakan penentuan apa yang harus dicapai (tujuan), bagaimana cara mencapainya dan bagaimana tolak ukur pencapaian tujuan serta memberikan rincian kegiatan (Blue print) yang akan dikerjakan selanjutnnya. Perencanaan dapat diartikan sebagai kerja dan sebagai hasil karya merencanakan.

Agar perencanaan dapat dikerjakan sebaik-baiknya, maka diperlukan unsuf -unsur:

1. Unsur tujuan, adanya perumusan tujuan yang jelas.

2. Unsur policy, adanya metode unluk mencapai tujuan.

3. Unsur prosedur, pembagian tugas dan hubungan antara masing-masing anggota kelornpok/organisasi.

4. Unsur progres/kemajuan. adanya standar evaluasi.

5. Unsur program, macam-macan program disusun menurut prioritasnya.

Macarn perencanaan menurut tingkatannya:

- Top Level/ tingkat atas

- Middle level/Tngkat menengah

- Bottom level/ tingkat bawah

Macam penyusunan rencana menurut tingkatannya:

- Bottom up

- Top to the bottom

- All at once

Botom up adalah perencanaan yang disusun dari tingkat bawah dan kenrudian disusun ke tingkat atas dalam suatu organisasi. Top to the bottom adalah perencanaan yang disusun di tingkat atas suatu organisasi dan dijalankan ke tingkat-tingkat bawah organisasi tersebut. All at once, adalah proses penyusunan perencanaan secara bersamaan anlara tingkat atas dan bawah dalam sebuah organisasi.

Macam perencanaan menurut jangka waktunya:

- Long range plan ; 10 – 20 tahun

- Medium term plan ; 5 -7 tahun

- Short term plan ; 1 – 3tahun

- Annual plan ; rencana tahunan

Long range plan dikenal sebagai rencana jangka panjang, medium term plan disebut sebagai rencana jangka menengah, short term plan disebut sebagai rencana jangka pendek, sedang annual plan disebut sebagai rencana tahunan.

Syarat-syarat perencanaan menurut Gullick :

o Tujuan harus dirurnuskan secara jelas.

o Sifatnya harus sederhana

o Berisi analisa dan penjelasan, penggolongan kegiatan yang akan dilaksanakan, dan pedoman-pedoman.

o Bersifat fleksibel, dapat menyesuaikan diri dengan segala keadaan/ perubahan yang mungkin terjadi.

o Ada keseimbangan dalam rencana, baik ke dalam maupun keluar (keseimbangan ke dalam adalah keberbagai bagian proyek dari suatu rencana, keseimbangan keluar berarti antara tujuan dan persyaratannya).

o Penggunaan sumber daya harus efektif dan eflrsien.

Manfaat suatu rencana menurut Wilson:

· Dirumuskannya secara jelas dan tepat tentang tujuan-tujuan dan metode untuk mencapai tujuan

· Sebagai petunjuk pelaksanaan bagi seluruh anggota organisasi

· Merupakan proses yang terus-menerus untuk meningkatkan cara kerja anggota organisasi

· Merupakan alat kendali peiaksanaan

· Menjamin penggunaan sumber daya secara efektif dan efisien

Fungsi perencanaan sebagai suatu proses, mempunyai langkah-langkah yang perlu dilakukan yaitu :

1. Analisis situasi

2. Identifikasi masalah

3. Prioritas masalah

4. Menetapkan tujuan

5. Alternatif pemecahan masalah

6. Rencana kerja (plan of action)

Alternatif pemecahan masalah ;

1. Hal yang dapat dilakukan dalam hal ini adalah mengkaji hambatan dan kelemahan

2. Menyusun rencana kerja operasional

3. Penyusunan rencana kerja operasional untuk menentukan langka-langkah yang akan dilakukan dalam rangka pelaksanaan kegiatan yang telah ditetapkan.

4. Penyusunan rencana kerja dengan melihat semua dimensi kebutuhan dan kemampuan organisasi serta tujuan yang ingin dicapai.

Pengertian fungsi pengorganisasian (organizing)

Pengorganisasian adalah proses pengelompokan kegiatan yang diwadahkan dalam unit kerja (organisasi), untuk melaksanakan kegiatan yang direncanakan. Pengorganisasian menetapkan hubungan antara pemimpin dan bawahan, serta hubungan antar unit. Pengorganisasian mengatur struktur organisasi, pembagian tugas - wewenang - tanggung jawab, sistem informasi dan koordinasi.

Pengorganisasian adalah proses pengelompokan orang, alat-alat, tugas, wewenang, dan tanggungjawab yang seimbang dan sesuai dengan rencana operasional sehingga organisasi dapat digerakkan sebagai suatu kesatuan untuk mencapai tujuan. Proses pengorganisasian dapat dirinci sebagai berikut :

- Memaharni tujuan

- Penet:apan tugas pokok dan perincian kegiatan

- Pengelompokan tugas/jabatan

- Penyusunan struktur organisasi dan departementasi

- Penyusunan otoritas organisasi

- Pengisian jabatan/staffing

- Facilitating

Proses yang menyangkut bagaimana strategi dan taktik yang telah dirumuskan dalam perencanaan didesain dalam sebuah struktur organisasi yang tepat dan tangguh, sistem dan lingkungan organisasi yang kondusif, dan dapat memastikan bahwa semua pihak dalam organisasi dapat bekerja secara efektif dan efisien guna pencapaian tujuan organisasi.

Pengorganisasian merupakan proses penyusunan struktur organisasi yang sesuai dengan tujuan organisasi, sumber daya-sumber daya yang dimilikinya, dan lingkungan yang melingkupinya. Dua aspek utama proses susunan struktur organisasi yaitu departementalisasi dan pembagian kerja. Departementalisasi adalah pengelompokkan kegiatan-kegiatan kerja organisasi agar kegiatan-kegiatan sejenis saling berhubungan dapat dikerjakan bersama. Hal ini akan tercermin pada struktur formal suatu organisasi dan tampak atau ditunjukkan oleh bagan suatu organisasi. Pembagian kerja adalah perincian tugas pekerjaan agar setiap individu pada organisasi bertanggung jawab dalam melaksanakan sekumpulan kegiatan. Kedua, aspek ini merupakan dasar proses pengorganisasian suatu organisasi untuk mencapai tujuan yang telah ditetapkan secara efisien dan efektif.

Fungsi actuating

Penggerakan adalah tindakan untuk mengusahakan agar semua anggota kelompok suka berusaha untuk mencapai sasaran-sasaran agar sesuai dengan perencanaan manajerial dan usaha-usaha organisasi (George R. Terry)

Actuating dimaksudkan sebagai rangkaian kegiatan yang berhubungan dengan aktivitas mempengaruhi orang lain agar mereka suka melaksanakan usaha-usaha kearah pencapaian sasaran/tujuan administrasi. Actuating juga dimaksudkan sebagai tindakan untuk mengusahakan agar semua anggota kelompok atau berusaha untuk mencapai sasaran organisasi sesuai dengan perencanaan manajerial. Actuating sering pula disebut sebagai Penggerakan Pelaksanaan.

Alat-alat penggerakan meliputi :

1. Perintah.

2. Petunjuk.

3. Bimbingan.

4. Surat edaran.

5. Rapat koordinasi.

6. Pertemuan-pertemuan/Lokakarya (workshop).

Leadership atau kepemimpinan diartikan berbagai ahli ( stogdill dan Koontz) sebagai berikut :

1. Kepemimpinan adalah suatu seni untuk menciptakan kesesuaian paham.

2. Kepemimpinan adalah suatu bentuk inspirasi dan persutasi.

3. Kepemimpinan rnerupakan hubungan kekuatan dan kekuasaan.

4. Kepernimpinan adalah cara mempengaruhi orang lain agar ikut serta dalam mencapai tujuan umum.

Oleh karena itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa kepemimpinan adalah proses dalam mempengaruhi seseorang atau keiompok dalam usahanya untuk mencapai suatu tujuan yang telah ditetapkan melalui metode-metode kegiatan manajemen. Kepemimpinan dapat pula diartikan sebagai suatu atribut memimpin yang harus dikenakan/digunakan oleh seorang pemimpin untuk dapat membuat bawahannya bekerja dengan baik. Kepenirnpinan harus dapat memanipulasi unsur-unsur sosok pemimpin, keadaan anggota/bawahannya, serta keadaan/situasi lingkungan/pekerjaan guna menjadikan kepemimpinan yang baik.

Fungsi controling

Pengawasan adalah kegiatan yang mengusahakan agar pekerjaan-pekerjaan terlaksana sesuai rencana yang ditetapkan dan atau hasil yang dikehendaki. Fungsi pengawasan dan pengendalian bertujuan agar penggunaan sumber daya dapat lebih diefisienkan dan tugas-tugas staf untuk mencapai tujuan program dapat diefektifkan.

Menurut Fayol, pengawasan terdiri dari tindakln meneliti apakah segala sesuatu tercapai atau berjalan sesuai dengan rencana yang telah ditetapkan, instruksi-insruksi yang telah dikeluarkan dan prinsip-prinsip yang telah ditetapkan. Pengawasan bertujuan menunjukkan atau menemukan kelemahan-kelemahan agar dapat diperbaiki dan mencegah berulangnya kelemahan-kelemahan tersebut.

Sedangkan menurut Terry, pengawasan adalah proses untuk mendeterminasi apa yang akan dilaksanakan, mengevaiuasi pelaksanaan dan jika perlu menerapkan tindakan-tindakan korektif sedemikian rupa sehingga pelaksanaan sesuai dengan rencana.

Dengan demikian dapatlah diaftikan bahwa pengawasan adalah suatu proses untuk menetapkan pekerjaan/kegiatan apa saja. yang sudah dilaksanakan, dan menilainya terhadap rencana serta mengroeksinya agar pelaksanaan dilakukan sesuai dengan rencana. Syarat/prinsip pengawasan :

a. Harus ada rencana yang jelas.

b. Harus mampu menjamin adanya tindakan perbaikan.

c. Harus bersifat fleksibel.

d. Ada pemberian instruksi yang jelas serta kewenangan pada bawahan.

e. Harus ekonomis.

f. Dapat dimengerti.

g. Dapat merefleksi poia organisasi.

Proses pengawasan meliputi :

a. Menetapkan alat pengukur (standar), dan mengumpulkan data/fakta.

b. Mengadakan penilaian (evaluate).

c. Mengadakan perbaikan (corrective action) .

Standar yang Digunakan dalam Pengawasan

a. Norrna:

Standar yarrg ditetapkan atas dasar pengalaman yang lalu:

- Proyek yang lalu

- Proyek lain dengan bentuk dan situasi yang sama

b. Kriteria :

Standar yang ditetapkan dan diharapkan sebagai ukuran pelaksanaan program secara memuaskan pada tingkat kepuasan tertentu.

Dalam hal penyimpangan pelaksanaan terhadap standar, masih diperlukan adanya batas toleransi terhadap penyimpangan tersebut.

Jenis/Kategorisasi Pengawasan

a. Waktu:

- Preventif/bersifat mencegah penyimpangan,

- Repressif/bersifat menekan/mengoreksi terjadinya penyimpangan

b. Obyek pengawasan :

- produksi

- keuangan

- waktu

- manusia dan kegiatan

c. Subjek pengawasan:

- intern (rlari dalam organisasi)

- extern (clari luar organisasi)

d. Cara pengumpulan datanya:

- personal observation/inspection/pemeriksaan atau pengawasan

perorangan,

- oral report/laporan lisan

- written reportfiaporan tertulis

- control by exception/pengawasan khusus terhadap hal-hal khusus.

Fungsi evaluating

Penilaian adalah suatu proses untuk menentukan nilai atau jumlah keberhasilan dari pelaksanaan suatu program dalam mencapai tujuan yang ditetapkan (who). Fungsi pengawasan perlu dibedakan dengan evaluasi yang dilakukan untuk mengetahui kemajuan pelaksanaan program. perbedaannya terletak pada sasarannya, sumber data, pelaksana siapa dan waktu pelaksanaannya

Evaluasi adalah prosedur penilaian pelaksanaan/hasil kerja/dampak secara sistematik, dengan membandingkannya dengan standar dan dengan mengikuti kriteria/metode/tujuan tertentu guna menilai dan pengambilan keputusan selanjutnya.

Tujuan Evaluasi:

a. Sebagai alat untuk memperbaiki kebijaksanaan pelaksanaan program dan perencanaan program yang akan datang.

b. Sebagai alat untuk memperbaiki alokasi sumber daya.

c. sebagai alat untuk memperbaiki pelaksanaan suatu kegiatan yang sedang berjalan.

d. sebagai alat untuk rnengadakan perencanaan kembali yang lebih baik daripada suatu program.

Evaluasi yang dapat kita lakukan pada satu program, dapat berupa :

· Menilai pelaksanaan kegiatan program tersebut dibandingkan dengan standar/norma tertentu,

· Menilai hasil program tersebut dibandingkan dengan stancar tertentu, atau

· Menilai hasil program tersebut dibandingkan dengan data pengamatan awal sebelum program dikerjakan.

Evaluasi pada beberapa program dapat dilakukan antara lain :

o Menilai pelaksanaan kegiatan program A dibanding pelaksanaan program B.

o Menilai hasil yang dicapai program A dengan sumber dayanya, dibandingkan dengan hasil proglam B dengan sumber dayanya.

Berdasarkan waktunya evaluasi dapat digolongkan menjadi :

a. Evaluasi Formative

Yaitu evaluasi yang dilakukan pada saat pelaksanaan kegiatan program masih sedang berlangsung; dikelompokkan dalam dua bentuk :

- Critical Review Evaluation, yaitu evaluasi untuk menilai suatu program belum dilaksanakan.

- Midterm Evaluation, yaitu evaluasi pada saat program sedang dikerjakan, ada dua bentuk :

o Evaluasi Proses yaitu evaluasi untuk menilai proses/kegiatan, dan

o Evaluasi Monitoring yaitu evaluasi untuk mengawasi berjalannya suatu program.

b. Evaluasi Summative

Yaitu evaluasi yang dilakukan pada saat kegiatan program sudah selesai dilakukan, dikelompokkan dalam dua bentuk :

o Evaluasi output yaitu evaluasi untuk menilai hasil kegiatan progran,. dan

o Evaluasi dampal/impact/outcome yaitu evaluasi untuk meni]ai dampak dari hasil pelaksanaan program.

Proses Evaluasi

Tahapan evaluasi ;

a. Kegiatn berpikir konseptual ;

– Formulasi tujuan, sasaran dan manfaat evaluasi

– Formulasi sumber dan jenis informasi yang diperlukan

– Formulasi kriteria evaluasi

– Formulasi model/kerangka kerja/rancang bangun

b. Kegiatan operasionall

- Pengumpulan informasi

c. Kegiatan penilaian

- Formulasi derajat keberhasilan

- Formulasi dan identifikasi masalah

- Formulasi faktor dan penunjang dan penghambat

The blue print of our soul resides in the Akashic Records and by accessing these records we can live with divine purpose. Aligning with our divine purpose allows enlightenment, healing and prosperity. The founder of Akashic Records Institute, Patricia Missakian, believes together we can elevate the vibrations of the planet and individually play our part in the transformation of Earth.  

          How to Get Yourself Started in Network Marketing        

You’re Listening to the Street Smart Wealth Podcast, show 232 and today we are going to cover the basics for getting your Direct Sales business started, and while it may sound simple, sometimes all we need is a refresher on those basics!

 

Need some coaching to move you forward? My one on one and inner circle programs are LIVE! Are you looking for coaching to be successful in your Network Marketing business? Want to also learn how to generate your own leads online? My Inner Circle Coaching Program may be just what you need. Or, maybe it's one on one coaching. Learn more about both at StreetSmartWealth.com/coach

 

Check the podcast archives on the blog at JackieUlmer.com for previous episodes if you missed any or are new to the show.

 

How to Get Yourself Started in Network Marketing

 

Well, sad but true, the day you join your network marketing business is not always the day you start.

 

Sometimes, we sit around waiting for the started kit to come, then we play with the products, and that is all great, but those are not income producing activities.

 

4 Beliefs For Network Marketing Success

 

Your Mindset and Belief for Network Marketing Your Belief in your Network Marketing Company Your Belief in your Network Marketing Company’s Products Your Belief in Yourself!

 

Let’s start with Your Mindset and Belief for Network Marketing. As you may recall, I struggled with this in my business. I had a very negative blue print regarding direct sales, and it was not based on anything factual. I overcame this, with time, and surrounding myself with those successful in Network Marketing. I could see these were great people, and I wanted to be among those ranks!

 

So, you must get comfortable with your decision to be involved, as a career choice, in Network Marketing and Direct Sales.

 

I share some of the facts around why many women Party Plan don’t like to consider themselves in Network Marketing and why the general public is often more receptive to buying from party plan companies vs network marketing companies. And, how the retail price point of the products offered make a difference. Are they comparable with similar products out in the market place? This will be important to your prospective customer and while we can easily SAY that our products are better, how do we get this point across to the consumer?

 

Your Belief in your Network Marketing Company

 

Are you confident you are leaning your ladder against a wall that is viable for your career in Network Marketing? As long as you are, it is full speed ahead. Don’t worry about little blips in the road, these happen in every company.

 

Your Belief in your Network Marketing Company’s Products

 

Do you have a solid belief here and are you fully confident sharing your products with your friends, family and those you encounter?

 

Your Belief in Yourself!

 

Ouch! This is the critical piece. Get clear and work on your mindset and belief in yourself, ALWAYS!

 

Okay, so once you are good to go with all of those, let’s talk about how to launch and success.

 

Some ideas to consider:

 

Be careful who you listen to and who you allow to coach you.

 

Invest in your starter kit and begin to replace EVERY product you use that your company offers with your company line. You can’t sell, for the long haul, what you don’t own, and have experienced. Do you have to use every product? Not always. Sometimes there are reasons not to.

 

Get some basic product knowledge, BUT, don’t go overboard. You’ll get a few basic questions repeatedly, so know the answer to those, but beyond that, know where to find answers such as ingredient lists, and so on. The best way to get product knowledge is to USE those products yourself.

 

Be able to share the unique benefits; how they are used; and your favorite products.

 

Begin to recommend your products to others and check into sampling, if available for your company.

 

Be willing to get creative if you need to find a way to sample/demo your products.

 

Make your 100 names list and keep adding to it. Don’t roll your eyes - just DO it!

 

From that list, you have all kinds of ways to contact them - home party/demo; text, phone call, Facebook message - what ever works for you, just do it.

 

Learn the direct and indirect approach and I share the language to use in the audio, and learn more at StreetSmartScripts.com

 

Then, always be prepared with the next steps - some will not be interested, but more importantly, some WILL be interested. And always remember that some who say no now, will circle back around!

 

Rejection - yes, you can be disappointed but never feel rejected. There is no such thing! It’s just a decision they have made for their life situation!

 

I LOVE and appreciate reviews!

 

Go to JackieUlmer.com/itunes or JackieUlmer.com/stitcher to leave your review and be entered into a drawing for a free month of coaching.

 

Show notes http://JackieUlmer.com/232

 

I really do want to hear from you. This world and business needs more connection! Do you have a question or comment for me? Feedback for the show?

 

Tweet me - @jackieulmer let me know what's on your mind. I'll respond!

 

and if you have a question for the show, add the hashtag #JackieUlmer

 

or, ask them at JackieUlmer.com/question and include a link to your blog for a link back!

 

Has this been helpful? I would REALLY appreciate it if you would rate the podcast on iTunes or Stitcher, or wherever you listen.

 

Just go to JackieUlmer.com/iTunes - click to view in iTunes and you’ll see the link to reviews

 

And, share the link with friends and team partners!

 

On Stitcher -

 

JackieUlmer.com/stitcher


          Project Management for Transport Infrastructure - PLUS Specialty Training , Dubai         

Why Attend

Rapid changes in modern technology are driving Transport Infrastructure Managers around the world to build on their knowledge, in order to deliver transport systems that meet current and future infrastructure requirements.

This Project Management for Transport Infrastructure (PMTI) course is an intensive training program, exclusively designed to assist managers responsible for managing and delivering transportation and road infrastructure projects.

Participants will develop their skills and responsiveness on all key stages of Transport Infrastructure Project Management, such as concept of operation (CONOPS), project planning, delivery, finalization and benefit management.

This course will facilitate knowledge sharing through group workshops, using global project delivery examples. Day to day practical project experiences and team exercises will allow participants to engage and be better equipped to manage the delivery and processes of infrastructure projects. The primary aim of this course is to broaden the perspective of participants and highlight the necessary tools needed to successfully manage transport and infrastructure projects.

Course Methodology

Course Objectives

  • Enhance knowledge of transport infrastructure projects and enable project managers to successfully achieve delivery objectives
  • Explain network vision and critical strategies needed to achieve project objectives
  • Demonstrate key aspects of Transport Infrastructure Project Management from concept of operation (CONOPS) to project delivery, finalization and benefit management
  • Explain the necessary tools that could be effectively used to manage transport projects successfully
  • Gain knowledge of project management principles, best practices and methodologies to achieve outcomes
  • Describe and demonstrate the importance of project governance and assurance processes

Target Audience

This course is an intensive training program exclusively designed to assist project managers, planners, project engineers and senior managers responsible for making decisions and delivering or managing transportation projects.

Target Competencies

  • Infrastructure Project Management
  • Network Visions and Modeling
  • Resource Management
  • Project Approvals
  • Stakeholder Management
  • Project Governance and Assurance

Course Outline

  • Transport and Road Infrastructure Project Management
    • Importance of network vision and strategic transport planning
    • Understanding transport and road infrastructure project management
    • Importance of early communication and stakeholder management
    • Infrastructure project life cycle and asset management
    • Sustainable transport policy and its role in project and program management
    • Infrastructure project financing and delivery options
  • Establishing and Managing an Infrastructure Project - Part A
    • Establishing a transport infrastructure project
    • Identification and use of best project management practice (Prince2, Agile, PMBOK, OnQ, etc.)
    • Establishing and leading the project team
    • Project planning (PID/Mandate /Preliminary business case)
    • Effective project planning to strengthen project management competencies
    • Developing a concept of Operations (CONOPS) / Blue Print
    • Project approvals
  • Establishing and Managing an Infrastructure Project - Part B
    • Request for information (RFI) or Market Testing and expression of interest (EOI)
    • Project procurement
    • Project scheduling and milestone management
    • Project risk management
    • Probity and ethics
    • Project monitoring and control reporting
  • Infrastructure Project and Program Governance
    • Understanding the concepts of infrastructure finance and the use of special purpose vehicles
    • Alternative financing plans such as commercial and financial structuring of Public Private Partnerships
    • Difference between infrastructure financing and funding and the challenges in raising finance
    • Project and program governance
    • Achieving value for money in a constrained economic environment
    • Collaborative professional networking for continuous project management
  • Project Finalization and Benefit Management
    • Importance of project finalization
    • Constructed designs
    • Project close-out
    • Project benefit management
    • Key learning and concepts
    • Way forward

Cost:

Discount: Summer Discounts Available!

Next Session:

Duration: 5 Days

Certified


          SAP FICO with VAT Training - Vision Institute , United Arab Emirates, Ajman         

Learn SAP-FICO with VAT (Value Added Tax) 1st Time in UAE

Career Alert for Accountants in United Arab Emirates

Learn SAP-FICO with VAT (Value Added Tax) 1st time in UAE along with Free Software Installation in your Laptop.

Prepare yourself for UAE VAT 2018. Join our SAP-FICO Training with VAT.

Benefit of Our Training.

  • Basic Implementation Level + End User Level Training.
  • 144 Lectures with 30 Credit Hours.
  • Free Study Material & Blue Print of SAP-FICO Configuration.
  • Real Time Business Scenarios.
  • Interview Preparations.
  • Fast Track Training.
  • Flexible Timings.
  • Certificate from Ministry of Education UAE.
Learn from Experts Accounting Professional and Consultants having more than 8 years of experience in Accounting, Finance and trainings.

Cost:

Certified


          SAP FICO - SAMA Training Center , United Arab Emirates, Sharjah, Ajman         

Learning Outcomes:

  • Over 143 Lectures with 30 Credit Hours.
  • Training includes basic implementation and end user helpful for getting high salaried jobs.
  • Practical learning experience with live project work examples.
  • Real time business situations.
  • Free Software Installation.
  • Free Course Material.
  • Blue Print files with more detail about the course.
We are giving Accounting training on the following Software's.

  • SAP-FICO
  • SAP-MM
  • SAP-SD
  • SAP-HR
  • SAP-PP
  • SAP-PS
  • SAGE PEACHTREE
  • QUICKBOOKS (Pro, Premier, Accountant, Enterprises)
  • TALLY 9
  • TALLY ERP 9.
  • Microsoft Office (Advance Excel)
 

Cost:

Certified


          Embrace technology:Women told        
Eunice Dlamini presenting on Women & the Socio-economic
context in Zimbabwe
WOMEN have been encouraged to be self-starters and desist from always expecting praise from men.
With the world fast becoming a global village, women have been encouraged to embrace technology so that they do not miss out on empowerment opportunities.
Eunice Dlamini, presenting on the Women and the Socio Economic Context in Zimbabwe, said that women should be business minded and establish Small and Medium Enteprises (SMEs).
“If you have no history you do not achieve, therefore I encourage every woman to be motivated. As I speak I am reminded of the late icon Dr Joshua Mqabuko Nkomo who used to say mali-lima loosely translated to mean hard work leads to wealth,” said Dlamini.
Tsitsi Muvunzi, a representative from the Ministry of Women’s Affairs and Gender highlighted that the economic blue print, Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic (ZimAsset) seeks to promote gender constitutional and legal rights.
“The women development fund is still on and we recently awarded some women loans to start their businesses,” she said.
Questions were however raised during a plenary session which suggested that the criteria for awarding loans was not clear.
“I have applied for more that three loans, with the proper proposal and all requirements but to no avail. Why doesn't the Ministry clearly state what it expects from us?” asked Sijabuliso a participant.
People’s Own Savings Bank (POSB) was singled out as one bank which does not require any collateral.

Questions on how much support the Women's Bank has availed to women thus far remained unanswered.

          African Free Trade Area        

How likely is an African Free Trade Area by 2017? Richard E. Mshomba Earlier this year (2012), African leaders met at the African Union summit to focus on ways to boost intra-African trade.  They agreed on a blue print to establish a Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA) by 2017.  There seems to be something captivating […]

The post African Free Trade Area appeared first on Economics.


          Miss Continental 2009/2010        

The Miss Continnetal pageant will get underway tomorrow with preliminary competition.
There are 25 contestants. Some big names who I thought would make top 5 have dropped out. They include Lady Angelica, Melania Cortez (top 5 last year) and Lorna Vando.
So far, I have the following contestant numbers :
#2 Mokha
#22 Tiffany McCray
#23 Tiffany T. Hunter
#24 Armani
#25 Aurora Sexton
(P.S. - Do not forget that DragShowcase will become a private blog. Only members will be able to see the blog site after Wednesday. If you would like to be a member for free, send us your email and we will set you up with a membership)
________________________________________
Preliminary night has started :
Evening Gown
Aspen Love : Pink draped fabric gown with silk ribbons, very slow modeling
Mokha Montrese : blue stoned gown ruffeled bottom
Jazelle : Green beaded stoned gown
Courtney Black AB gown
Monique : yellow ruffled fabric gown
Kim Moore : Gold and blue print gown...beautiful
Raquel Ross : Moss gren gown..not the best choice
Mirage Love : Champagne solid beaded gown..great modeling
Sunny : Blue fabirc stoned gown..looks like she was floating across stage..the crowd lived for her
Alyssa Edwards : Huge purple ruffled ball gown..had trouble walking..
Batty Davis : Lavender gown trumpet bottom...
Paula Rios : Emerald trumpet ruffle bottom..very beautiful
Swimwear :
Aspen Love : plain black ..simple accessories
Mokha : Blue silk..rhinestone accents
Jazelle : Black suit...hair problems
Courtney : Black suit...served it...
Monique : Aqua suit with shoulder accessory
Kim Moore : Black suit...best one so far...body, body, body...
Raquael : black suit w/ ribbon
Mirage : white with black stripes
Sunny : Grey suit with lace middle...great modeling
Alyssa : Black suit..looked a bit large..
Batty : leopard
Paula : pink white checkered
Talent :
Aspen : sang live
Mokha : dance on pointe..six dancers..standing ovation
Jazelle : scat talent.perfect lip synch..second standing ovation
Kourtney : Heart belongs to daddy...not the best from Kourtney
Monique Green : In Living Color / Whitney cocaine number..doesn't know all the words
Kim Moore : Latin dance number..five backup dancers...in synch..she looked awesome..(she should make top 10 easily)
Raqueal : solo talent..sunset blvd..
Mirage Love : school teacher talent/when I grow up..five backup dancers...
Sunny : four backup dancers..let the sunshine in..mixed different songs
Alyssa : acting talent..one male dancer...ballet dancing talent...celine 'then you look at me'..lots of lifts..very good
Batty : I want more into Big Time
Paula : Mexican sombrero talent..she left the stage for like the last two minutes of the talent..she has a rope twirler who is twirling a rope around stage around her..she is just kinda hopping in place...song is coming thru the speakers very bad...poor talent.
BREAK...
Former Miss Continentals entertainment..
Dana Douglas, Lakesha Lucky, Chanel Dupree
Group 2
Gown
Armani : liquid beaded black and crystal gown like continental logo..came out with logo in front of her on panel..
Aurora Sexton : royal purple and lavender gown...
Minx : Deep purple / black gown
Nyasha Lopez : Pink ruffle gown...long train..Christian Dior replica...best gown of night
Jennifer H. : beautiful orange gown..trained ripped away to a stoned gown...
Bianca Balenciaga : floral
Olivia Knowles : black rouged gown..crystal stone accents
Janet Andrews : black fitted gown..crystal stones...
Shantel DeMarco : gold leopard gown..big hair
Rachel Michaels : black gown
Tiffany McCray : agua gown..fits well...
Tiffany Hunter : Nina DeAngelos preliminary gown from another pageant..beautiful
Armani Stevens :
Swimwear next...
Minx : black with flower
Nyasha : black with huge stones..worked it..standing ovation..
Jennifer : white with circle sutouts..
Bianaca : black with crystal belt
Olivia : black / blue checkered
Janet : black one piece square cut
Rachael : red with matching hat
Tiffany McCray : black with see thru middle panel
Tiffany Hunter : blue/purple floral with wrap..
Armani Stevens : white with w/ aqua accessories
Aurora : aqua and brown with slashed texture
Talent next....
Minx : Bollywood talent..not bad
Naysha : rock with you / janet jackson talent...best talent in her group so far..she is among 4 that I think could win it all...
Jennifer : tribal drum talent...feathers for days....
Bianca : diamonds are forever
Olivia : Pocahontas talent
Janet : Beyonce mix talent
Shantel : acrobatic / vogue / techno dance mix
Racheal Michaels : Shirley Bassey / Joan Crawford mix
Tiffany McCray : Lucille Ball vita-vegamin talent
Tiffany Hunter : Steam heat six backup dancers
Armani : happy feet penguin talent
Armani Stevens :
Aurora Sexton : nine backup dancers flying on and off stage / on top of the world..great talent
Monday night is the finals. I think there will be a top 10. Some contestants change up their gowns and talents for final night.
Here is my picks for the top 10 based just on preliminary night :
Mohka, Alyssa Edwards, Aurora Sexton, Tiffany McCray, Naysha Lopez, Armani, Shantel DeMarco, Kim Moore, Sunny & Janet Andrews
My top 5 picks (unless something big happens during final night competition) would be :
Mohka, Naysha Lopez, Armani, Kim Moore & Aurora Sexton
I think the final winner will be between Naysha and Kim Moore.

          MODAL SOSIAL DAN BUDAYA MANUSIA        


PARTISIPASI  PEMBERDAYAAN  MASYARAKA  UNTUK  MENCAPAI  MODAL,  NILAI-NILAI  SOSIAL  DAN  BUDAYA

Abstrac
Partisipasi masyarakat adalah indikator utama keberhasilan pembangunan sosial. Bentuk partisipasi tersebut bukan sekedar ikut terlibat saja. Melainkan Masyarakat terlibat aktif dalam perumusan masalah, merencanakan, melaksanakan, dan mengevaluasi serta menikmati hasil pembangunan kesejahteraan sosial. Partisipasi juga bukan sekedar alat (mobilisasi), tetapi sebagai proses dan tujuan dalam mencapai kesejahteraan sosial, ekonomi maupun politik sekaligus untuk memperkaya modal sosial dan budaya.

Partisipasi Masyarakat (Teori)

Dalam pelaksanaan pembagunan pedesaan, pemerintah haruslah mendasarkan pada pengakuan akan peranan penting yang dimainkan oleh pedesaan sejak dahulu. Hal ini didasarkan pada asumsi bahwa desa mempunyai makna yang strategis bagi setiap pertumbuhan. T.R. Battern (Soebroto, 1988) menegaskan pembangunan masyarakat desa merupakan suatu proses dimana orang-orang yang ada di masyarakat tersebut pertama-tama mendiskusikan dan menetukan keinginan mereka kemudian merencanakan dan mengerjakan bersama-sama memenuhi keinginan mereka. Jadi dalam pembangunan masyarakat desa merupakan tindakan kolektif, dalam artian material dan spiritual.
Talidazuhu Ndraha (Soebroto, 1988) memberikan beberapa kriteria yang terdapat dalam pembangunan masyarakat desa, yaitu :
  1. Adanya partisipasi aktif masyarakat dalam pembagunan
  2. Adanya rasa tanggungjawab masyarakat terhadap pembangunan
  3. Kemampuan masyarakat desa untuk berkembang telah dapat ditingkatkan
  4. Prasarana fisik telah dapat dibangun dan dipelihara
  5. Lingkungan hidup yang serasi telah dapat dibangun dan dipelihara
Sedangkan Mely G. Tan dan Koentjaraningrat (Soebroto, 1988) memberikan beberapa hal yang dapat digunakan untuk menilai keberhasilan pembangunan masyarakat desa, yaitu :
  1. Hasil usaha pembaharuan tersebut harus dapat dilihat secara konkrit dalam waktu yang singkat
  2. Usaha pembaharuan tersebut harus dapat bermanfaat bagi masyarakat yang bersangkutan
  3. Usaha-usaha tersebut tidak boleh bertentangan dengan sistem nilai budaya dan norma-norma yang masih berlaku di dalam masyarakat desa
Sejalan dengan pemaparan diatas, dalam pelasanaan pembagunan yang direncanakan oleh pemerintah; partisipasi masyarakat merupakan hal yang sangat mempengaruhi keberhasilan proses pembangunan itu sendiri. Karena masyarakatlah yang mengetahui secara obyektif kebutuhan mereka.
Soetrisno memberikan dua macam definisi tentang partisipasi rakyat (masyarakat) dalam pembngunan, yaitu: pertama, partisipasi rakyat dalam pembangunan  sebagai dukungan rakyat terhadap rencana/ proyek pembangunan yang dirancang dan ditentukan tujuannya oleh perencana. Ukuran tinggi rendahnya partisipasi rakyat dalam definisi ini diukur dengan kemauan rakyat untuk ikut bertanggungjawab dalam pembiayaan pembangunan, baik berupa uang maupun tenaga dalam melaksanakan proyek pembangunan pemerintah. Kedua, partisipasi rakyat merupakan kerjasama yang erat antara perencana dan rakyat, dalam merencanakan, melaksanakan, melestarikan dan mengembangkan hasil pembangunan yang telah dicapai. Ukuran tinggi rendahnya partisipasi rakyat tidak hanya diukur dengan kemauan rakyat untuk menanggung biaya pembangunan, tetapi juga dengan ada tidaknya hak rakyat untuk ikut menentukan arah dan tujuan proyek yang akn dibangun di wilayah mereka (Soetrisno, 1995).
Bank Dunia (Suhartanta, 2001) memberikan definisi partisipasi sebagai suatu proses para pihak yang terlibat dalam suatu program/proyek, yang ikut mempengaruhi dan mengendalikan inisiatif pembangunan dan pengambilan keputusan serta pengelolaan sumber daya pembangunan yang mempengaruhinya.
Partisipasi sebagai salah satu elemen pembangunan merupakan proses adaptasi masyarakat terhadap perubahan yang sedang berjalan. Dengan demikian partisipasi mempunyai posisi yang penting dalam pembangunan. Sumodingrat menambahkan, bahwa syarat yang harus terdapat dalam proses pembangunan berkelanjutan adalah dengan mengikutsertakan semua anggota masyarakat/rakyat dalam setiap tahap pembangunan (Sumodingrat, 1988).
Conyers (1991) memberikan tiga alasan utama sangat pentingnya partisipasi masyarakat dalam pembangunan, yaitu: (1) Partisipasi masyarakat merupakan suatu alat guna memperoleh informasi mengenai kondisi, kebutuhan dan sikap masyarakat setempat, yang tanpa kehadirannya program pembangunan dan proyek akan gagal, (2) Masyarakat mempercayai program pembagunan jika dilibatkan dalam proses persiapan dan perencanaannya, karena masyarakat lebih mengetahui seluk beluk proyek dan merasa memiliki proyek tersebut, (3) Partisipasi merupakan hak demokrasi masyarakat dalam keterlibatannya di pembangunan ).
Sedangkan Moeljarto (1987) memberikan penjelasan tentang arti pentingnya partisipasi sebagai berikut :
  1. Rakyat adalah fokus sentral dan tujuan akhir pembangunan, partisipasi merupakan akibat logis dari dalil tersebut
  2. Partisipasi menimbulkan rasa harga diri dan kemampuan pribadi untuk dapat turut serta dalam keputusan penting yang menyangkut masyarakat
  3. Partisipasi menciptakan suatu lingkaran umpan balik arus informasi tentang sikap, aspirasi, kebutuhan dan kondisi daerah, yang tanpa keberadaannya tidak akan terungkap. Arus informasi ini tidak dapat dihindari untuk berhasilnya pembangunan
  4. Pembangunan dilaksanakan lebih baik dengan memulai dari di mana rakyat berada dan dari apa yang mereka miliki
  5. Partisipasi memperluas kawasan penerimaan proyek pembangunan
  6. Ia akan memperluas jangkauan pelayanan pemerintah kepada seluruh masyarakat
  7. Partisipasi menopang pembangunan
  8. Partisipasi menyediakan lingkungan yang kondusif baik bagi artkulasi potensi manusia maupun pertumbuhan manusia
  9. Partsipasi merupakan cara efektif membangun kemampuan masyarakat untuk pengelolaan program pembangunan, guna memenuhi kebutuhan khas daerah
  10. Partisipasi dipandang sebagai cerminan hak-hak demokratis individu untuk dilibatkan dalam pembangunan mereka sendiri.
Adapun partisipasi masyarakat dalam pembangunan dapat berbentuk berbagai macam, yang secara umum dapat dijelaskan sebagi berikut : (1) Keterlibatan menentukan arah strategi dan kebijaksanaan pembangunan yang dilakukan pemerintah. Hal ini bukan saja berlangsung dalam proses politik, tetapi juga dalam proses sosial; hubungannya antara kelompok kepentingan dalam masyarakat, (2) Keterlibatan dalam memikul beban dan tanggungjawab dalam pelaksanaan pembangunan. Hal ini dapat berupa sumbangan dalam hal mobilisasi sumber-sumber pembiayaan pembangunan, kegiatan yang produktif serasi, dan pengawasan sosial atas jalannya pembangunan dan (3) Keterlibatan dalam memetik hasil dan manfaat pembangunan secara berkeadilan. Bagian-bagian daerah maupun golongan masyarakat tertentu dapat ditingkatkan keterlibatannya di dalam kegiatan produktif melalui perluasan kesempatan dan pembinaan.
Sedangkan Talizuduhu Ndraha memberikan pemaparan bentuk partisipasi, sebagai berikut:
  1. Partisipasi dalam/melalui kontak dengan pihak lain sebagai salah satu titik awal perubahan sosial
  2. Partisipasi dalam memperhatikan/menyerap dan memberi tanggapan terhadap informasi; baik dalam arti mengiyakan, menerima (mentaati, memenuhi, melaksanakan), mengiyakan dengan syarat maupun menolaknya
  3. Partisipasi dalam perencanaan pembangunan, termasuk dalam pengambilan keputusan. Perasaan terlibat dalam perencanaan perlu ditumbuhkan sedini mungkin di dalam masyarakat
  4. Partisipasi dalam operasional pembangunan
  5. Partisipasi dalam menerima kembali hasil pembangunan
  6. Partisipasi dalam menilai pembangunan, yaitu ketrlibatan masyarakat dalam menilai sejauh mana pelaksanaan pembangunan sesuai dengan rencana dan sejauh mana hasilnya dapat memenuhi kebutuhan masyarakat
Partisipasi masyarakat dalam pembangunan kehutanan dapat diwujudkan dengan baik jika sistem pelaksanaan pembangunan kehutanan yang ada melibatkan atau memberikan tempat bagi partisipasi masyarakat. Soetrisno (1995) memberikan beberapa syarat  untuk mengembangkan sistem pembagunan yang partisipatif, yaitu : (1) Mendorong timbulnya pemikiran kreatif, baik di masyarakat dan pelaksana pembangunan, (2) Toleransi yang besar terhadap kritik yang datang dari bawah dengan mengembangkan sifat positif thinking di kalangan aparat pelaksana,  (3) Menimbulkan budaya di kalangan pengelola pemerintahan/pembangunan wilayah untuk berani mengakui atas kesalahan yang mereka buat dalam merencanakan pembangunan di daerah mereka masing-masing dan (4) Menimbulkan kemampuan untuk merancang atas dasar skenario, (5) Menciptakan sistem evaluasi proyek pembangunan yang mengarah pada terciptanya kemampuan rakyat secara mandiri mencari permaslahan pelaksanaan pembangunan dan pemecahan terhadap permasalahan itu sendiri .
Syarat-syarat yang diajukan Soetrisno dapat dilaksanakan dalam model pembangunan yang menekankan peranan perencanaan sebagai usaha untuk mensistematisasi aspirasi pembangunan yang ada di masyarakat dan menyusunnya dalam dokumen tertulis, yaitu rencana pembangunan di suatu wilayah. Model ini melihat bahwa masyarakat merupakan sesuatu yang turbulence atau penuh dengan nilai sosial budaya yang dinamis. Dengan kata lain model ini melihat masyarakat merupakan sistem yang mandiri, sehingga perencanaan bukan bertujuan untuk memanipulasi sistem menjadi subsistem yang bergantung pada suprasistem, melainkan lebih bertujuan untuk menimbulkan keserasian antara kedua sistem, yaitu sistem mikro dan makro.  Model yang demikian selanjunya dikenal dengan Human Action Planning Plan.
Sedangkan model lainnya yang dikenal adalah Mechanistic Planning Model atau Social Engineering Model, yang melihat fungsi perencanaan sebagai upaya mekanis untuk merubah suatu keadaan. Si perencana perubahan berfungsi sebagai seorang ahli teknik yang bertugas membuat blue print perubahan tersebut serta menciptakan upaya yang dapat membuat masyarakat mengikuti pola-pola perubahan yang dirancang. Untuk kemudian, di tingkat pelaksanaan dikenal dengan adanya Petunjuk Pelaksanaan (JUKLAK) dan Petunjuk Teknis (JUKNIS).
Pengertian partisipasi masyarakat merupakan salah satu faktor yang tidak bisa ditinggalkan dalam pembangunan (kehutanan), yang dapat mempunyai pengertian yang luas dan pengertian yang sempit. Sehingga, menurut Awang, partisipasi dapat dilihat dari tiga sudut pandang, yaitu : cara pandang dimana partisipasi merupakan kegiatan pembagian massal dari hasil-hasil pembangunan; cara pandang dimana masyarakat secara massal telah menyumbang jerih payah dalam pembangunan; dan bahwa partisipasi harus terkait dengan proses pengambilan keputusan di dalam pembangunan.
Hobley (dalam Awang, 1999) merumuskan tingkatan dan arti partisipasi berdasar pengalamannya melaksanakan kegiatan pembagunan kehutanan di India dan Nepal, yaitu:
1. Manipulatif Participation
Karakteristik dari model ini adalah keanggotaan yang bersifat keterwakilan pada suatu komisi kerja, organisasi kerja atau kelompok-kelompok dan bukannya pada individu
2. Passive Participation
Partisipasi rakyat dilihat dari apa yang telah diputuskan atau apa yang telah terjadi, informasi datang dari administrator tanpa mau mendengar respon dari masyarakat tentang keputusan atau informasi tersebut
3. Participation by Consultation
Partisipasi rakyat dengan berkonsultasi atau menjawab pertanyaan. Orang dari luar mendefinisikan maslah-maslah dan proses pengumpulan informasi, dan mengawasi analisis. Proses konsultasi tersebut tidak ada pembagian dalam pengambilan keputusan, dan pandangan- pandangan rakyat tidak dipertimabangkan oleh orang luar.
4. Participation for Material Insentive
Partisipasi rakyat melalui dukungan berupa sumber daya, misalnya tenaga kerja, dukungan pangan, pendapatan atau insentif material lainnya. Mungkin saja petani menyediakan lahan dan tenaga kerja, tetapi mereka tidak dilibatkan dalam proses percobaan- percobaan dan pembelajaran. Kelemahan dari model ini adalah apabila insentif habis, maka tekonologi yang digunakan dalam program juga tidak akan berlanjut.
5.  Functional Participation
Partisipasi rakyat dilihat oleh lembaga eksternal sebagai tujuan akhir untuk mencapai target proyek, khususnya mengurangi biaya. Rakyat mungkin berpartisipasi  melalui pembentukan kelompok untuk penentuan tujuan yang terkait dengan proyek. Keterlibatan seperti ini mungkin cukup menarik, karena mereka dilibatkan dalam pengambilan keputusan. Tetapi hal ini terjadi setelah keputusan utmanya telah ditetapkan oleh orang dari luar desa tersebut. Pendeknya, masyarakat desa dikooptasi untuk melindungi target dari orang luar desa tersebut.
6. Interactive Participation
Partisipasi rakyat dalam analisis bersama mengenai pengemabangan perencanaan aksi dan pembentukan atau penekanan lembaga lokal. Partisipasi lokal dilihat sebgai hak dan tidak hanya merupakan suatu cara untuk mencapai suatu target proyek saja. Proses melibatkan multi disiplin metodologi, ada proses belajar yang terstruktur. Pengambilan keputusan bersifat lokal oleh kelompok dan kelompok menentukan bagaimana ketersediaan sumber daya digunakan, sehingga kelompok tersebut memiliki kekuasaan untuk menjaga potensi yang ada.
7. Self-Mobilisation
Partisipasi rakyat melalui pengambilan inisiatif secara independen dari lembaga luar untuk perubahan sistem. Masyarakat mengembangkan hubungan dengan lembaga eksternal untuk advis mengenai sumber daya dan teknik yang mereka perlukan, tetapi juga tetap mengawasi bagaimana sumber daya tersebut digunakan.
PEMBERDAYAAN MASYARAKAT DAN PEMBERDAYAAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PEMBANGUNAN
Konteks pemberdayaan masyarakat dalam pembangunan pada era globalisasi dan transparansi ini semakin banyak dibicarakan dalam forum-forum diskusi yang dilakukan pemerintah, organisasi-organisasi kemasyarakatan, lembaga swadaya masyarakat, nasional maupun internasional, dan melalui artikel-artikel dalam media massa. Pada hakikatnya persoalannya terletak pada kepentingan kelompok ataupun perorangan penyelenggara pemerintahan, sikap apatis masyarakat terhadap proyek pembangunan, partisipasi masyarakat yang rendah dalam pembangunan, penolakan masyarakat terhadap beberapa proyek pembangunan, ketidakberdayaan masyarakat untuk memenuhi kebutuhan serta pemecahan masalahnya, tingkat adopsi masyarakat yang rendah terhadap inovasi, dan masyarakat cenderung menggantungkan hidup terhadap bantuan pemerintah, serta kritik-kritik lainnya yang umumnya meragukan bahwa masyarakat memiliki potensi untuk dilibatkan sebagai pelaksana pembangunan. Yang lebih penting adalah mencari solusi yang sifatnya komprehensif.
Salah satu indikator dari keberdayaan masyarakat adalah kemampuan dan kebebasan untuk membuat pilihan yang terbaik dalam menentukan atau memperbaiki kehidupannya. Konsep pemberdayaan merupakan hasil dari proses interaksi di tingkat ideologis dan praksis. Pada tingkat ideologis, pemberdayaan merupakan hasil interaksi antara konsep top-down dan bottom-up, antara growth strategy dan people centered strategy. Sedangkan di tingkat praksis, proses interaksi terjadi melalui pertarungan antar ruang otonomi. Maka, konsep pemberdayaan mencakup pengertian pembangunan masyarakat (community development) dan pembangunan yang bertumpu pada masyarakat (community based development). Community development adalah suatu proses yang menyangkut usaha masyarakat dengan pihak lain (di luar sistem sosialnya) untuk menjadikan sistem masyarakat sebagai suatu pola dan tatanan kehidupan yang lebih baik, mengembangkan dan meningkatkan kemandirian dan kepedulian masyarakat dalam memahami dan mengatasi masalah dalam kehidupannya, mengembangkan fasilitas dan teknologi sebagai langkah meningkatkan daya inisiatif, pelayanan masyarakat dan sebagainya. Secara filosofis, community development mengandung makna ‘membantu masyarakat agar bisa menolong diri sendiri’, yang berarti bahwa substansi utama dalam aktivitas pembangunan masyarakat adalah masyarakat itu sendiri.
Dalam pengertian yang lebih luas, pemberdayaan masyarakat merupakan proses untuk memfasilitasi dan mendorong masyarakat agar mampu menempatkan diri secara proporsional dan menjadi pelaku utama dalam memanfaatkan lingkungan strategisnya untuk mencapai suatu keberlanjutan dalam jangka panjang.
Pemberdayaan masyarakat memiliki keterkaitan erat dengan sustainable development dimana pemberdayaan masyarakat merupakan suatu prasyarat utama serta dapat diibaratkan sebagai gerbong yang akan membawa masyarakat menuju suatu keberlanjutan secara ekonomi, sosial dan ekologi yang dinamis. Lingkungan strategis yang dimiliki oleh masyarakat lokal antara lain mencakup lingkungan produksi, ekonomi, sosial dan ekologi. Melalui upaya pemberdayaan, warga masyarakat didorong agar memiliki kemampuan untuk memanfaatkan sumberdaya yang dimilikinya secara optimal serta terlibat secara penuh dalam mekanisme produksi, ekonomi, sosial dan ekologi-nya.
Pola pemberdayaan masyarakat yang dibutuhkan bukanlah kegiatan yang sifatnya top-down intervention yang tidak menjunjung tinggi aspirasi dan potensi masyarakat untuk melakukan kegiatan swadaya. Akan tetapi yang paling dibutuhkan masyarakat lapisan bawah terutama yang tinggal di desa adalah pola pemberdayaan yang sifatnya bottom-up intervention yang menghargai dan mengakui bahwa masyarakat lapisan bawah memiliki potensi untuk memenuhi kebutuhannya, memecahkan permasalahannya, serta mampu melakukan usaha-usaha produktif dengan prinsip swadaya dan kebersamaan.
Dalam konsep pemberdayaan, masyarakat dipandang sebagai subyek yang dapat melakukan perubahan, oleh karena diperlukan pendekatan yang lebih dikenal dengan singkatan ACTORS. Pertama authority atau wewenang pemberdayaan dilakukan dengan memberikan kepercayaan kepada masyarakat untuk melakukan perubahan yang mengarah pada perbaikan kualitas dan taraf hidup mereka. Kedua confidence and compentence atau rasa percaya diri dan kemampuan diri, pemberdayaan dapat diawali dengan menimbulkan dan memupuk rasa percaya diri serta melihat kemampuan bahwa masyarakat sendiri dapat melakukan perubahan. Ketiga, truth  atau keyakinan, untuk dapat berdaya, masyarakat atau seseorang harus yakin bahwa dirinya memiliki potensi untuk dikembangkan. Keempat, opportunity atau kesempatan, yakni memberikan kesempatan kepada masyarakat untuk memilih segala sesuatu yang mereka inginkan sehingga dapat mengembangkan diri sesuai dengan potensi yang mereka miliki. Kelima, responsibility, maksudnya yaitu perlu ditekankan adanya rasa tanggung jawab pada masyarakat terhadap perubahan yang dilakukan. Dan terakhir, keenam adalah support yakni adanya dukungan dari berbagai pihak agar proses perubahan dan pemberdayaan dapat menjadikan masyarakat yang ‘lebih baik’.
Titik fokus konsep pemberdayaan adalah lokalitas, sebab civil society menurut Friedmann (1992:31) masyarakat akan merasa siap diberdayakan melalui isu-isu lokal. Tentunya dengan tidak mengabaikan kekuatan-kekuatan ekonomi dan struktur di luar civil society tersebut. Lebih lanjut ia menyatakan bahwa pemberdayaan masyarakat  tidak hanya pada sektor ekonomi tetapi juga secara politis, sehingga pada akhirnya masyarakat akan memiliki posisi tawar yang kuat secara nasional maupun internasional. Target dari konsep pemberdayaan ini adalah ingin mengubah kondisi yang serba sentralistik menjadi situasi yang lebih otonom dengan cara memberikan kesempatan kepada kelompok masyarakat miskin untuk merencanakan dan melaksanakan program pembangunan yang mereka pilih sendiri. Masyarakat miskin juga diberi kesempatan untuk mengelola dana pembangunan, baik yang berasal dari pemerintah maupun dari pihak luar.
Dengan kata lain, pemberdayaan masyarakat sebenarnya adalah sebuah konsep pembangunan ekonomi dan politik yang merangkum berbagai nilai sosial. Konsep ini mencerminkan paradigma baru pembangunan, yakni yang bersifat “people centered, participatory, empowering, and a sustaniable”  (Chambers, 1995).
Membangun masyarakat dari wacana berfikir yang statis tradisional menjadi masyarakat dengan wacana berfikir kosmopolit yang dinamis rasional. Bahkan keseluruhan proses kegiatan pemberdayaan masyarakat melalui jalur pembangunan masyarakat desa dan kota (rural and urban community development). Tujuannya untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup masyarakat. Bentuknya bervariasi, meliputi pendidikan formal dan nonformal, penyuluhan pembangunan, komunikasi pembangunan, pendidikan kesejahteraan keluarga, pendidikan tentang nilai-nilai demokrasi, pendidikan keterampilan, pelatihan-pelatihan, dan lain-lain. Margono Slamet (1998:1) mengemukakan tujuan pendidikan sebagai suatu proses untuk mengubah perilaku manusia. Domain yang diharapkan berubah meliputi: pertama, domain perilaku pengetahuan (knowing behavior), kedua, domain perilaku sikap (feeling behavior) dan ketiga, domain perilaku keterampilan (doing behavior).
Pemberdayaan masyarakat bertujuan untuk meningkatkan potensi masyarakat agar mampu meningkatkan kualitas hidup yang lebih baik bagi seluruh warga masyarakat melalui kegiatan-kegiatan swadaya. Untuk mencapai tujuan ini, faktor peningkatan kualitas SDM melalui pendidikan formal dan nonformal perlu mendapat prioritas. Memberdayakan masyarakat bertujuan "mendidik masyarakat agar mampu mendidik diri mereka sendiri" atau "membantu masyarakat agar mampu membantu diri mereka sendiri". Tujuan yang akan dicapai melalui usaha pemberdayaan masyarakat, adalah masyarakat yang mandiri, berswadaya, mampu mengadopsi inovasi, dan memiliki pola pikir yang kosmopolitan.
United Nations (1956: 83-92), mengemukakan proses-proses pemberdayaan masyarakat adalah sebagai berikut:
(1)   Getting to know the local community
Mengetahui karakteristik masyarakat setempat (lokal) yang akan diberdayakan, termasuk perbedaan karakteristik yang membedakan masyarakat desa yang satu dengan yang lainnya. Mengetahui artinya untuk memberdayakan masyarakat diperlukan hubungan timbal balik antara petugas dengan masyarakat.
(2)   Gathering knowledge about the local community
Mengumpulkan pengetahuan yang menyangkut informasi mengenai masyarakat setempat. Pengetahuan tersebut merupakan informasi faktual tentang distribusi penduduk menurut umur, sex, pekerjaan, tingkat pendidikan, status sosial ekonomi, termasuk pengetahuan tentang nilai, sikap, ritual dan custom, jenis pengelompokan, serta faktor kepemimpinan baik formal maupun informal.
(3)   Identifying the local leaders
Segala usaha pemberdayaan masyarakat akan sia-sia apabila tidak memperoleh dukungan dari pimpinan/tokoh-tokoh masyarakat setempat. Untuk itu, faktor "the local leaders" harus selau diperhitungkan karena mereka mempunyai pengaruh yang kuat di dalam masyarakat.
(4)   Stimulating the community to realize that it has problems
Di dalam masyarakat yang terikat terhadap adat kebiasaan, sadar atau tidak sadar mereka tidak merasakan bahwa mereka punya masalah yang perlu dipecahkan. Karena itu, masyarakat perlu pendekatan persuasif agar mereka sadar bahwa mereka punya masalah yang perlu dipecahkan, dan kebutuhan yang perlu dipenuhi.
(5)   Helping people to discuss their problems
Memberdayakan masyarakat bermakna merangsang masyarakat untuk mendikusikan masalahnya serta merumuskan pemecahannya dalam suasana kebersamaan.
(6)   Helping people to identify their most pressing problems
Masyarakat perlu diberdayakan agar mampu mengidentifikasi permasalahan yang paling menekan. Dan masalah yang paling menekan inilah yang harus diutamakan pemecahannya.
(7)   Fostering self-confidence
Tujuan utama pemberdayaan masyarakat adalah membangun rasa percaya diri masyarakat. Rasa percaya diri merupakan modal utama masyarakat untuk berswadaya.
(8)   Deciding on a program action
Masyarakat perlu diberdayakan untuk menetapkan suatu program yang akan dilakukan. Program action tersebut perlu ditetapkan menurut skala prioritas, yaitu rendah, sedang, dan tinggi. Tentunya program dengan skala prioritas tinggilah yang perlu didahulukan pelaksanaannya.
(9)   Recognition of strengths and resources
Memberdayakan masyarakat berarti membuat masyarakat tahu dan mengerti bahwa mereka memiliki kekuatan-kekuatan dan sumber-sumber yang dapat dimobilisasi untuk memecahkan permasalahn dan memenuhi kebutuhannya.
(10)       Helping people to continue to work on solving their problems
Pemberdayaan masyarakat adalah suatu ke
          SAP BI interview questions and Answers        
Interview Questions:


1. We have standard info objects given in sap why you created zinfo objects can u tell me the business scenario .
2. We have standard info cubes given in sap why you created zinfo cubes can u tell me the business scenario
3. In keyfigure what is meant by cumulative value, non cumulative value change and non cumulative value in and out flow.
4. when u creating infoobject it shows reference and template what is it
5. what is meant by compounding attribute tell me the scenario?
6. I have 3 cubes for that I created multiprovider and I created a report for that but I didn’t get data in that report what happen?
7. I have 10 cubes I created multiprovider I want only 1 cube data what u do?
8. what is meant by safety upper limit and safety lower limit in all the deltas tell me one by one for time stamp, calender day and numberic pointer?
9. I have 80 queries which query is taking so much time how can you solve it
10. In compression level all requests are becoming zero which data is compressing tell me detail
11. what is meant by flat aggregate?explain in detail
12. I created process chain 1st day it taking 10 min after that 1st week it taking 1 hour after that next time it taking 1 day with a same loads what happen how can u reduce the time of loading
13. how can u know the cube size? in detail show me u have screen shots
14. where can we find transport return codes
15. I have a report it taking so much time how can I rectify
16. what is offset? Without offset we create queries?
17. I told my process chains nearly 600 are there he asked me how can u monitor I told him I will see in rspcm and bwccms he asked is there any third party tools is there to see? Any tools are there to see tell me what it is
18. how client access the reports
19. I don’t have master data it will possible to load transaction data? it is possible is there any other steps to do that one
20. what is structure in reporting?
21. which object based you created extended star schema?
22. what is line item dimension tell me brief
23. what is high cardinality tell me brief
24. process chain is running I have to stop the process for 1 hour after that re runn the process where it is stopped? in multiprovider can I use aggregations
25. what is direct schedule and what is meta chain
26. which patch u used presently? How can I know which patch that one?
27. how can we increase data packet size
28. hierarchies are not there in bi?why
29. remodeling is applied only on info cube? why not dso/ods?
30. In jump queries we can jump any transactions just like rsa1, sm37 etc it is possible or not?
31. why ODS activation fail? What types of fails are there? What are the steps to handle 32. I have a process chain is running the info package get error don’t process the error of that info package and then you can run the dependent variants is it possible? Give me any performance and loading issues or support issues Reporting errors, Loading errors, process chain errors? Please explain in detail or create a screenshots for all the questions and explain in detail If u have any screen shots or text data can u give me the link.
is their any difference between bex 3.5 and bex 7.0?
R/3 extraction failed - recovery procedure?
R/3 extraction is running from past 2 years. Suddenly it failed since 5 days and again today it is running fine. But how i do get data loaded to cube for failed loads? What are the procedures that can be followed?

what are the pre requisites for BI content installation?R/3 extraction failed - recovery procedure?
what r the diff types of conditions in reporting??when do we use infocube and ODS??? (scenario).how many types of infocubes are there?

32.What is exception Aggregation? give Example? 2.what Cell formating? and Advantages?
33.What is I_step1,I_step2,I_step3 in customer exit What is occurrence.what are the common errors occur during data loading and perfornance level?
34.what are types of update rules and transfer rules? and what are the routines to be used in bw 3.5?what is a dimension table and types? explain about line item dimension and high cardinality and uses, in which case suppose to be use?


35.We have standard info objects given in sap why you created zinfo objects can u tell me the business scenario
36. We have standard info cubes given in sap why you created zinfo cubes can u tell me the business scenario
37. In keyfigure what is meant by cumulative value, non cumulative value change and non cumulative value in and out flow.
38. when u creating infoobject it shows reference and template what is it
39. what is meant by compounding attribute tell me the scenario?
40. I have 3 cubes for that I created multiprovider and I created a report for that but I didn’t get data in that report what happen?
41. I have 10 cubes I created multiprovider I want only 1 cube data what u do?
42. what is meant by safety upper limit and safety lower limit in all the deltas tell me one by one for time stamp, calender day and numberic pointer?
43. I have 80 queries which query is taking so much time how can you solve it
44. In compression level all requests are becoming zero which data is compressing tell me detail
45. what is meant by flat aggregate?explain in detail
46. I created process chain 1st day it taking 10 min after that 1st week it taking 1 hour after that next time it taking 1 day with a same loads what happen how can u reduce the time of loading
46. how can u know the cube size? in detail show me u have screen shots
47. where can we find transport return codes
48. I have a report it taking so much time how can I rectify
49. what is offset? Without offset we create queries?
50. I told my process chains nearly 600 are there he asked me how can u monitor I told him I will see in rspcm and bwccms he asked is there any third party tools is there to see? Any tools are there to see tell me what it is
51. how client access the reports
52. I don’t have master data it will possible to load transaction data? it is possible is there any other steps to do that one
53. what is structure in reporting?
54. which object based you created extended star schema?
55. what is line item dimension tell me brief
56. what is high cardinality tell me brief
57. process chain is running I have to stop the process for 1 hour after that re runn the process where it is stopped? In multiprovider can I use aggregations
58. what is direct schedule and what is meta chain
59. which patch u used presently? How can I know which patch that one?
60. how can we increase data packet size
61. hierarchies are not there in bi?why
62. remodeling is applied only on info cube? why not dso/ods?
64. In jump queries we can jump any transactions just like rsa1, sm37 etc it is possible or not?
64. why ods activation fail? What types of fails are there? What are the steps to handle
65. I have a process chain is running the infopackage get error don’t process the error of that info package and then you can run the dependent variants is it possible?

66.Give me any performance and loading issues or support issues,Reporting errors, Loading errors, process chain errors?
=================================================================


Interview Questions with Answers:

1. What is table partition?
A: SAP is using fact table partitioning to improve the performance. you can partition only on 0CALMONTH or 0FISCPER
2. What are the options available in transfer rule and when ABAP code is recquired during the transfer rule what important variables you can use?
A: Assign info object, Assign a Constant , ABAP routine or a Formula
3. How would you optimize the dimensions?
A: Use as many as possible for performance improvement; Ex: Assume that u have 100 products and 200 customers; if you make one dimension for both ,the size of the dimension will be 20000; if you make individual dimensions then the total number of rows will be 300. Even if you put more than one characterstic per dimension, do the math considering worst case senerio and decide which characterstics may be combined in a dimension.
4. What are the conversion routines for units and currencies in the update rule?
A: Time dimensions are automatically converted; Ex: if the cube contains calender month and your transfer structure contains date, the date to calender month is converted automatically.
5. Can you make an infoobject as info provider and why?
A. Yes, When you want to report on characterstics or master data, you can make them as infoprovider. Ex: you can make 0CUSTMER as infoprovider and do Bex reporting on 0 CUSTOMER;right click on the infoarea and select 'Insert characterstic as data target'.
6. What are the steps to unload non cumulative cubes?
A: 1. Initialize openig balance in R/3(S278)
2. Activate extract structure MC03BF0 for data source 2LIS_03_BF
3. setup historical material docus in R/3.
4. load opening balance using data source 2LIS_40_s278
5. load historical movements and compress without marker update.
6. setup V3 Update
7. load deltas using 2LIS_03_BF
7. Give step to step approach to archiving cubex.
A: 1. double click on the cube (or right click and select change)
2. Extras -> Select archival
3. Choose fields for selection(like 0CALDAY, 0CUSTOMER..etc)
4. Define the file structure(max file size and max no of data objects)
5. Select the folder(logical file name)
6. Select the delete options (not scheduled, start automatically or after event)
7. activate the cube.
8. cube is ready for archival.
8. What are the load process and post processing?
A: Info packake, Read PSA and update data target, Save Hierarchy, Update ODS data object, Data export(open hub), delete overlapping requests.
9. What are the data target administration task
A: delete index, generate index, construct database statistics, initial fill of new aggregates, roll up of filled aggregates, compression of the infocube,activate ODS, complete deletion of data target.
10. What are the parallel process that could have locking problems
A: 1. heirachy attribute change run
2. loading master data from same infoobject; for ex: avoid master data from different source systems at the same time.
3. rolling up for the same info cube.
4. selecting deletion of info cube/ ODS and parallel loading.
5. activation or delection of ODS object when loading parallel.
11. How would you convert a info package group into a process chain?
A: Double Click on the info package grp, click on the 'Process Chain Maint' button and type in the name and descrition ; the individual info packages are inserted automatically.
12. How do you transoform Open Hub Data?
A: Using BADI
13. What are the data loading tuning one can do?
A: 1. watch the ABAP code in transfer and update rules;
2. load balance on different servers
3. indexes on source tables
4. use fixed length files if u load data from flat files and put the file on the application server.
5. use content extractor
6. use PSA and data target inparallel option in the info package
7. start several info packagers parallel with different selection options
8. buffer the SID number ranges if u load lot of data at once
9. load master data before loading transaction data.
14. What is ODS?
A: Operations data Source . u can overwrite the existing data in ODS.
15. What is the use of BW Statistics?
A: The sets of cubes delivered by SAP is used to measure performance for query, loading data etc., It also shoes the usage of aggregates and the cost associated with then.
16. What are the options when definging aggregates?
A: * - groups accotding to characterstics
H - Hierarchy
F - fixed value
Blank --- none
17. How will you debug errors with SAP GUI (like Active X error etc)
A: Run Bex analyzer -> Business Explorer menu item -> Installation check; this shows an excel sheet with a start button; click on it; this verifies the GUI installation ;if u find any errors either reinstall or fix it.
18. When you write user exit for variables what does I_Step do?
A: I_Step is used in ABAP code as a conditional check.
19. How do you replace a query result from a master query to a child query?
A: If you select characterstic value with replacement path then it used the results from previuos query; for ex: let us assume that u have query Q1 which displaysthe top 10 customers, we have query Q2 which gets the top 10 customers for info object 0customer with as a vairable with replacement path and display detailed report on the customers list passed from Q1.
20. How do you define exception reporting in the background?
A: Use the reporting agent for this from the AWB. Click on the exception icon on the left;give a name and description. Select the exception from query for reporting(drag and drop).
21. What kind of tools are available to monitor the overall Query Performance?
22. What can I do if the database proportion is high for all queries?
23. How to call a BW Query from an ABAP program?
24. What are the extractor types?
25. What are the steps to extract data from R/3?
26. What are the steps to configure third party (BAPI) tools?
27. What are the delta options available when you load from flat file?
28. What are the table filled when you select ABAP?
29. What are the steps to create classes in SAP-BW
30. How do you convert from LIS to LO extraction?
31. How do you keep your self-updated on major SAP Developments, Give an analytical .



SAP BW Questions - Some Real Question
1. Differences b/w 3.0 and 3.5
2. Differences b/w 3.5 and BI 7.0
3. Can you explain a life cycle in brief
4. Difference b/w table & structure
5. Steps of LO
6. Steps of LIS
7. Steps of generic
8. What is index and how do you increase performance using them
9. How do you load deltas into ODS and cube
10. Example of errors while loading data and how do u resolve them
11. How do you maintain work history until a ticket is closed
12. What is reconciliation
13. What is the methodology u use before implementation
14. What are the role & responsibilities when you are in implementation and while in support also.

New features in BI 7 compared to earlier versions:
 New data flow capabilities such as Data Transfer Process (DTP), Real time data Acquisition (RDA).
 Enhanced and Graphical transformation capabilities such as Drag and Relate options.
 One level of Transformation. This replaces the Transfer Rules and Update Rules
 Performance optimization includes new BI Accelerator feature.
 User management (includes new concept for analysis authorizations) for more flexible BI end user authorizations.

Business scenarios in BW
Complete life-cycle implementation of SAP BW, which includes data modeling, data extraction, data loading, reporting and support.
When they refer to the full life cycle its the ASAP methodology which SAP recommends to follow for all its projects.
1.Project peparation.
2.Business Blueprint.
3.Realization.
4.Fit-Gap Analysis
5.Go-Live Phase.
Normally in the first phase all the management guys will sit with in a discussion . In the second phase u will get a functional spec n basing on that u will have a technical spec. In the third phase u will actually inplement the project and finally u after testing u will deploy it for production i.e. Go-live .
You might fall under and get involved in the realization phase . If its a supporting project u will come into picture only after successful deployment.
LO extraction is one stop shop for all the logistics extarctions .
LO dataosuurces come as a part of the business content in BW .
We need to transfer them from the BCT and then activate them from D version to the active Version A .
Go to the tcode -- RSA5 ---- Transfer the desired datasource and then LBWE to maintain the extract structure LBWG -- to delete the setup tables ---- why ... ? OLI*bw -- Statistcal initialization . LBWQ --- To delete the extractor queue SM13 -- to delete the update queue . LBWf -- to get the log .
Its always recommended to have the Queued delta as an update method , since it uses the collective run to schedule all the changed records.
Once the initial run is over set the delta method Queued to periodic for further delta load Why ..?
We need to delete the setup tables since we need to delete the data that is already in them and also because we will change the ES by adding the required fields from the R/3 communuication structure.we can also select and hide the fields here . all the fields in blue are mandatory ..
If the required fields are not available we will go for the DS enhancements .
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6A. LIS uses information structures to extract the data .it comes under the application specific customer generated extractions.
The range is 000 to 999.
0-499 is for SAP structures n 500 to 999 are for customer defined .
We need to consider the two cases if its the SAP defined r the customer defined .
Lets see the SAP defined first :
Tcode -- LBW0
give the information structure and select the option display settings to know the status .if u select the generate datasource option it will throw an error saying that u cannot create in the SAp name range .
You select the option the setup environment settings it will create the two tables n one structure with the naming convention .. 2LIS_application no _BIW1 ,2LIS_appl No _BIW2 and 2LIS _appl no_BIWS
These two structures are used to enable the delta records interchangebaly --- we will come to know this in the table TMCBIW .
Then go to LBW1 to change the version..
LBW2 to setup the no update update method .. now you do the full load and after that go LBW1 change the version and then go to LBW2 to setup the delta update n the periodic job .
Now you can load the delta updates .
If its in the case of the user defined :
You need to create the IS
MC18 --- create the IS
MC19-- change
MC20 -- dispaly
MC21--MC22,,MC23,MC24,MC25,MC26 folwing to craete the update rules .
Then Tcode LBW0 give the IS name and
sel setup lis environment it will craete the the two tables n the structure ..
You can use OMO1 to fill the tables n u do the full upload then u need to setup the delta by sel the steup delta ..
You can set whether the delta is enabled are not using the option activate /deactivate deelta
Both in cases you need while migrating the data you need to lock the setup tables to prevent users from entreing the transactions SE14 ... and after completion u need to unlock .
But LO is preffered to LIS in all aspects .. LO provdes the IS upto the level of detail .
Enhanced performance and also deletion of setup tables after updation which we never do in LIS .

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7A. We opt for generic extraction whenever the desired datasource is not available in business content or if it is already used and we need to regenerate it . when u want to extract the data from table, view, infoset, function module we use generic extraction. In generic we create our own datasource and activate it .
Steps :
1.Tcode is RSO2
2.Give the datasource name and designate it to a particular application component.
3. Give the short medium and long desc mandatory.
4. Give the table / Fm /view /infoset.
5. and continue which leads to a detail screen in which you can always hide, select ,inversion , field only options are available.
HIDE is used to hide the fields .. it will not transfer the data from r/3 to BW SELECT -- the fields are available in the selection screen of the info package while u schedule it . INVERSION is for key figs which will operate with '-1' and nullify the value .
Once the datasource is generated you can extract the data using it .
And now to speak abt the delta ... we have .. 0calday , Numeric pointer , time stamp.
0calday -- is to be run only once a day that to at the end of the day and with a range of 5 min. Numeric Pointer -- is to be used for the tables where it allows only appending of records ana no change .. eg: CATSDB HRtime managent table .
Timestamp: using this you can always delta as many times as possible with a upeprlimit .
Whenever there 1:1 relation you use the view and 1:m you use FM.
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8A. INDEX: They are used to improve the performance of data retrival while executing the queries or work books the moment when we execute and once we place the valiues in Selection criteria at that time the indexes will act as retrival point of data .. and it will fetch the data in a faster mannner ..
Just common example if you can obeserve any book which has indexes .. This indexes will give a exact location of each topic based on this v can easily go to that particulur page and we will continue our thingz. Similar mannner in the data level the indexes are act in BW side...
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9A. Time stamp error.
sol: activate the data source and replicate the data source and load.
2. Data error in PSA.
sol: Modify the in PSA error data and load.
3. RFC connection failed.
sol: raise the ticket to BASIS team to provide the connection.
4. Short dump error.
sol: delete the request and load once again.
a) Loads can be failed due to the invalid characters
b) Can be because of the deadlock in the system
c) Can be becuase of previuos load failure , if the load is dependant on other loads
d) Can be because of erreneous records
e) Can be because of RFC connections.....(sol: raise the ticket to BASIS team to provide the connection)
f) Can be because of missing master data.
g) Can be because of no data found in the source system
h) Invalid characters while loading. When you are loading data then you may get some special characters like @#$%...e.t.c..then BW will throw an error like Invalid characters..then you need to go through this RSKC transaction and enter all the Invalid chars and execute..it will store this data in RSALLOWEDCHAR table..Then reload the data..You won't get any error because now these are eligible chars..done by RSKC.
i) ALEREMOTE user is locked Normally, ALEREMOTE gets locked due to a sm59 RFC destination entry having the incorrect password. You should be about to get a list of all sm59 RFC destinations using ALEREMOTE by using transaction se16 to search field RFCOPTIONS for a value of "*U=ALEREMOTE". You will need to look for this information in any external R/3 instances that call the instance in which ALEREMOTE is getting locked as well.
j) Lower case letters not allowed. look at your infoobject description: Lowercase Letters allowed
k)extraction job aborted in r3 It might have got cancelled due to running for more than the expected time, or may be cancelled by R/3 users if it is hampering the performance.
l)datasource not replicated If the new DataSource is created in the source system, you should replicate this DataSource in 'dialog' mode. During the replication, you can decide whether this DataSource should be replicated as the 3.x DataSource or as the new DataSource. If you do not run the replication in 'dialog' mode, the DataSource is not replicated.
m)ODS Activation Error ODS activation errors can occur mainly due to following reasons
1. Invalid characters (# like characters)
2. Invalid data values for units/currencies etc
3. Invalid values for data types of char & key figures.
4. Error in generating SID values for some data
===================================
10A Ticket is nothing but an issue or a process error which need to be addressed.
There are two types of tickets.
* ito tickets - which are usually generated by the system automatically when a process fails.for example, when a process chain fails toi run it wil generate an ito ticket which we need to address and find the fault.
* non-ito tickets - which are the issues which the client face and which are forwarded for correction or alternative action.
If you're using Remedy for tickets, Unfortunately it's not possible. But this depends on the software you are using, ask your admin.
===========================
11A Reconciliation is nothing but the comaprision of the values between BW target data with the Source system data like R/3, JD edwards,Oracle,ECC or SCM or SRM.
In general this process is taken @ 3 places one is comparing the info provider data with R/3 data,Compare the Query display data with R/3 or ODS data and
Checking the data available in info provider kefigure with PSA key figure values
====================
12A ASAP Methodology
1. Project Preparation, in which the project team is identified and mobilized, the project standards are defined, and the project work environment is set up;
2. Blueprint, in which the business processes are defined and the business blueprint document is designed;
3. Realization, in which the system is configured, knowledge transfer occurs, extensive unit testing is completed, and data mappings and data requirements for migration are defined;
4. Final Preparation, in which final integration testing, stress testing, and conversion testing are conducted, and all end users are trained; and
5. Go-Live and Support, in which the data is migrated from the legacy systems, the new system is activated, and post-implementation support is provided
========================
13A Responsibilities of an implementation project... For ex, Lets say If its a fresh implementation of BI or for that matter you are implementing SAP...
First and foremost will be your requirements gathering from the client. Depending upon the requirements you will creat a business blueprint of the project which is the entire process from the start to the end of an implementation...
After the blue print phase sign off we start off with the realization phase where the actual development happens... In our example after installing the necessary softwares, patches for BI we need to discuss with the end users who are going to use the system for inputs like how they want a report to look like and what are the Key Performance Indicators(KPI) for the reports etc., basically its a question and answer session with the business users... After collecting those informations the development happens in the development servers...
After the development comes to an end the same objects are tested in quality servers for any bugs, errors etc., When all the tests are done we move all the objects to the production environment and test it again whether everything works fine...
The Go-Live of the project happens where the actually postings happen from the users and reports are generated based on those inputs which will be available as an analytical report for the management to take decisions...
The responsibilites vary depending on the requirement... Initially the business analyst will interact with the end users/managers etc., then on the requirements the software consultants do the development, testers do the testing and finally the go-live happens...
What are the objects that we peform in a production Support project?
In production Suport Generally most of the project they will work on monitoring area for their loads(R3/ NON SAP to Data Taggets (BW)) and depending up the project to project it varies because some of them using the PC's and Some of them using Event Chains. So its Depends up on the Project to project varies.
What are the different transactions that we use frequently in Production support project? Plz explain them in detial.. Generally In Production Support Project , we will use the check the loads by using RSMO for Monitoring the loads and we will rectify the errors in that by using step by step analysis.
The consultant is required to have access to the following transactions in R3.
1. ST22
2. SM37
3. SM58
4. SM51
5. RSA7
6. SM13
Authorizations for the following transactions are required in BW
1. RSA1
2. SM37
3. ST22
4. ST04
5. SE38
6. SE37
7. SM12
8. RSKC
9. SM51
10. RSRV
The Process Chain Maintenance (transaction RSPC) is used to define, change and view process chains.
Upload Monitor (transaction RSMO or RSRQ (if the request is known)
The Workload Monitor (transaction ST03) shows important overall key performance indicators (KPIs) for the system performance
The OS Monitor (transaction ST06) gives you an overview on the current CPU, memory, I/O and network load on an application server instance.
The database monitor (transaction ST04) checks important performance indicators in the database, such as database size, database buffer quality and database indices.
The SQL trace (transaction ST05) records all activities on the database and enables you to check long runtimes on a DB table or several similar accesses to the same data.
The ABAP runtime analysis (transaction SE30)
The Cache Monitor (accessible with transaction RSRCACHE or from RSRT) shows among other things the cache size and the currently cached queries. The Export/Import Shared buffer determines the cache size; it should be at least 40MB.

FAQ SAP BI/BW
1. Where do we used number range buffering? Codes SE27 and SNRO
2. what are the different cases in which update rules can be copied?
3. what are the different types of queries?
4. what is query view and query definition?
5. what is query template?
6. what is the difference between drill down and slice n dice?
7. what is result set query and infoset query?
8. what are jump queries?
9. what is drill up and drill across and how is drill across done?
10. what is an infoset and what the difference to it in BI 7?
11. what are the three scenarios for ods reporting?
12. what is an info catalog?
13. what are free characteristics and filters?
14. what are the difference between restricted key figures and filters?
15. what is the use of formula in BW?
16. what are advance query techniques in BW?
17. what is exception reporting?
18. what is reporting agent?
19. what is a variable and different types of variables and what is the use of variables?
20. at what times will currencies be translated?
21. what is the use of user exists?
22. what is query management?
23. what are the techniques to improve query performance?
24. what is query monitor? Is it useful for aggregates, if so how?
25. what are the query modes available in BW?
26. what is an aggregate and what is the use of it?
27. how are aggregated updated and when is it recommended to use aggregates?
28. what are the conditions and factors to be taken into account while creating aggregates?
29. what are the different strategies for creating an aggregate?
30. how aggregates can be optimized?
31. what is a profile generator and what is the use of it?
32. what is the difference between authorization and authorization objects?
33. what is Bex map?
34. what is web reporting and what are the benefits of using it?
35. what are the differences of bex and web reporting?
36. what is bex web application designer?
37. what type of servers are required to allow web reporting in SAP BW?
38. what is web reporting template?
39. what does data changes aggregates update program do?
40. what is the aim of aggregates and in what case can you not create aggregates?
41. where can data be filtered in SAP BW?
42. What are the variables used in Bex reporting?
43. What are the different Processing Types?
44. What is the replacing path Process Type? What is the input for Replacing path process type?
45. How do you create a Generic data source?
46. What are the function modules?
47. Types of Deltas?
48. what are the Generic delta types?
49. Explain V3 Update?
50. What is Cell definition?
51. How do you Transport objects from Development to Quality? IMP
52. What is Navigation Attribute? What are the tables will create while creating Navigational attribute?
53. What are the tables for Master data in BW?
54. What are the tables will create while creating Info Object?
55. What are the tables will create while creating Info Cube?
56. Explain your Landscape? Examples?
57. Explain Implementation Methodologies?
58. ABAP reports?
59. What are the tables for SD in R/3?
60. how many Process Chains you are used?
61. What are the issues Faced while loading data?
62. What are the custom cubes you used?
63. How many users your company have?
64. What are the queries you have created?
65. What are the characteristics, key figures involved in query?
66. On what basis you assign Characteristics to Dimensions?
67. What is Plan data and where it will sit?
68.HOw to creat a report on one column where we stored both sales Report ?
69.How to strat & STOP PROCESS CHAIN
70: LOWER CASE & UPPER CASE ?
71: WHY WE GO FOR GENERIC EXTRACTION ? WHICH CASE ? IF THE DATA WILL BE IN 3 TABLES & WE HAVE TO EXRTACT THE DATA FROM TWO FIELDS THEN WHAT TO DO ?
72: ENHNACEMENT CASE WHICH LOGIC APPLY BY YOU ?
73: HOW MANY REPORTS /INFOCUBE /INFOSOURSE / DSO CREATED BY YOU ?
74: BASED OPEN 2LIS_11_VAHDR WHAT ARE THE REPORT U ARE CREATED ?
75: WHY WE GO FOR CEREATING INDEX ? HOW TO KNOW THAT IT'S THE TIME TO CREAT THE INDEX ? why index not other Compress/ ?
76: HOW TO ROLE AUTHORIZEID SAP BI ?
77:WHAT IS EARLY INITIALZE DELTA ?
78: Wht is best for reporting Infocube or Dso ? why ?
79: How many tables are in dso ? standard dso / direct dso / write optimized dso ?
80: Selective Deletion /Repair full request / Repet delta /Reverse Posting /?
81: if the data is loaded in sapbw /sap bi & i want to serach the pericular year data ? where to search ?
82 : Data is loading from sap bi/bw if in extraction stage it fails / How to rectify ? whr to searchh ?
          Responsibilities of BW Data Architect        
Responsibilities of an implementation project...

For ex, Lets say If its a fresh implementation of BI or for that matter you are implementing SAP...

First and foremost will be your requirements gathering from the client. Depending upon the requirements you will creat a business blueprint of the project which is the entire process from the start to the end of an implementation...

After the blue print phase sign off we start off with the realization phase where the actual development happens... In our example after installing the necessary softwares, patches for BI we need to discuss with the end users who are going to use the system for inputs like how they want a report to look like and what are the Key Performance Indicators(KPI) for the reports etc., basically its a question and answer session with the business users... After collecting those informations the development happens in the development servers...

After the development comes to an end the same objects are tested in quality servers for any bugs, errors etc., When all the tests are done we move all the objects to the production environment and test it again whether everything works fine...

The Go-Live of the project happens where the actually postings happen from the users and reports are generated based on those inputs which will be available as an analytical report for the management to take decisions...

The responsibilites vary depending on the requirement... Initially the business analyst will interact with the end users/managers etc., then on the requirements the software consultants do the development, testers do the testing and finally the go-live happens...


BW Data Architect Description :
The BW Data Architect is responsible for the overall data design of the BW project. This includes the design of the
- BW InfoCubes (Basic Cubes, Multi-cubes, Remote cubes, and Aggregates)
- BW ODS Objects
- BW Datamarts
- Logical Models
- BW Process Models
- BW Enterprise Models

The BW Data Architect plays a critical role in the BW project and is the link between the end user's business requirements and the data architecture solution that will satisfy these requirements. All other activities in the BW project are contingent upon the data design being sound and flexible enough to satisfy evolving business requirements.

Time Commitment – the time which must be committed to this Role to ensure the project requirements are met. Project Complexity Time Commitment:

Low - If the BW project utilizes standard BW content and InfoCubes, this role can be satisfied by the BW Application Consultant. Medium If the BW project requires enhancements to the standard BW content and InfoCubes and/or requires the integration of non-SAP data, this role may require a committed resource.

High - If the BW project requires significant modification and enhancement to standard BW content and InfoCubes, it is highly recommended that an experienced resource be committed full-time to the project.

Key Attributes The BW Data Architect must have:
- An understanding of the BW data architecture
- An understanding of multidimensional modeling
- An understanding of the differences between operational systems data modeling and data warehouse data modeling
- An understanding of the end user's data
- An understanding of the integration points of the data (e.g., customer number, invoice number)
- Excellent troubleshooting and analytical skills
- Excellent communication skills
- Technical competency in data modeling
- Multi-language skills, if an international implementation
- Working knowledge of the BW and R/3 application(s)
- Experience with Data Modeling application software (i.e., ERWIN, Oracle Designer, S-Designer, etc.)

Key Tasks - The BW Data Architect is responsible for capturing the business requirements for the BW project. This effort includes:
- Planning the business requirements gathering sessions and process
- Coordinating all business requirements gathering efforts with the BW Project Manager
- Facilitating the business requirements gathering sessions
- Capturing the information and producing the deliverables from the business requirements gathering sessions
- Understanding and documenting business definitions of data
- Developing the data model
- Ensuring integration of data from both SAP and non-SAP sources
- Fielding questions concerning the data content, definition and structure

This role should also address other critical data sign issues such as:
- Granularity of data and the potential for multiple levels of granularity
- Use of degenerate dimensions
- InfoCube partitioning
- Need for aggregation at multiple levels
- Need for storing derived BW data
- Ensuring overall integrity of all BW Models
- Providing Data Administration development standards for business requirements analysis and BW enterprise modeling
- Provide strategic planning for data management
- Impact analysis of data change requirements

As stated above, the BW Data Architect is responsible for the overall data design of the BW project. This includes the design of the:
- BW InfoCubes (Basic Cubes, Multi-cubes, Remote cubes, and Aggregates)
- BW ODS Objects
- BW Datamarts
- Logical Models
- BW Process Models
- BW Enterprise Models
          Military Arm Lens Overshirt - Blue Print        
Military Arm Lens Overshirt - Blue Print

Military Arm Lens Overshirt - Blue Print

Regular Fit Lightweight, Chrome Nylon Fabric Cotton Lining Straight Hem Button Fastening Iconic Watch Viewer to Arm Model is 6ft,2" & Wears size Large


          Patch Logo Polo - Blue Print        
Patch Logo Polo - Blue Print

Patch Logo Polo - Blue Print

Regular Fit Short Sleeved Two Button Placket Cotton Blend Fabric Model is 6ft,2" & Wears size Medium


          Wave Poster, Beach Art Print, Printable Wall Art, Wave Wall Art, Wall Prints, Navy Art Print Ocean Print Ocean Waves Art Print Coastal Print by PrintsbyJettyHome        

6.00 USD

Printable Wall Art, Downloadable Print, Navy Blue Wave Wall Art, Digital Prints, Ocean Print, Wave Prints, Navy Blue Print, Wave Decor

This navy blue wave inspired printable wall art design is the perfect addition to any home or office!

Stop waiting for shipping – these files are ready to download immediately!

What’s so great about digital prints? Well, there’s no need to wait days for the mail to come – all files are available once your payment has cleared. That means you save time and money on shipping!

Looking for the physical/mailed version? Find it here: https://www.etsy.com/listing/280520538

///////////////// instant download \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

This listing includes four (4) instantly printable downloadable digital files (without framed background)! Your order will include the following:

One (1) JPG file – high-resolution with 300 DPI
One (1) PDF – 11”x14” to be printed on 11”x17” paper and trimmed to your needs
One (1) PDF – 8”x10” to be printed on 8.5”x11” paper and trimmed to your needs
One (1) PDF – 5”x7” to be printed on 8.5”x11” paper and trimmed to your needs

For anyone located outside of the United States, feel free to contact me to get custom cm files if needed. If you need any additional sizes, also contact me and I will be more than happy to adjust size and color to your needs.

Want this printed & mailed to you? Use this listing: https://www.etsy.com/listing/280520538/navy-blue-beach-wave-trio-art-print

///////////////// printing \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

Feel free to print these on your home computer or at your local print shop. Quality on the JPG is high enough to print to 18”x24” in most cases. You are welcome to print as many copies as you like for personal use.

///////////////// please note \\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

Please advise that this product does NOT include any physical item. Nothing will be mailed. You will receive your purchase in the aforementioned digital files once payment has cleared.

Also be aware that there are color variations on different screens. Colors seen on your screen here may vary slightly. If this is a problem, contact me and I can tweak the color to your needs.

Once payment is cleared, Etsy will notify you that your downloads are available. If you have any questions about the download process, please visit Etsy’s help center:
https://www.etsy.com/help/article/3949?ref=help_search_result

Copyright 2015 Jetty Printables
All Rights Reserve
Please remember:
- All prints are for PERSONAL use ONLY. These are not to be used for any commercial purposes.
- You cannot share or resell any files
- You cannot use these files in any promotional materials


          A little Heritage, for Canada's hockey herartland        
The Prairies have delivered much for Canada through the decades since 1867, a wealth of natural resources, bountiful harvests, a strong work ethic that puts the city slickers in the larger communities to shame and of course an endless supply of young hockey players all looking for their chance to make it to the NHL.

They are celebrating the Heritage of Canada's national sport in the heartland of the country this weekend, with Winnipeg the focus point for this years celebration of hockey and it's roots, the Heritage Classic.


The weekend started with a Friday evening gala filled with tales of the past from both the visiting Edmonton Oilers and their dynasty for the ages, as well as the home town Winnipeg Jets.

A team built with a blue print taken from the people they have represented through the WHA days and into their modern era of the NHL. Focused on a dedication to the need for hard work and sacrifice, before expecting any rewards.

Jets fans have made their sacrifices and are ready for some of that reward and for many, the arrival of such a high profile showcase as the Heritage Classic is an nod from the league as to the respect that Manitoba pays to the history of the game.

Friday's reminiscing turned to the outdoor rink at Investor's Group Stadium, as the Oilers Alumni and Jets Alumni faced off in the Saturday afternoon alumni match up.

A game that brought many of the familiar names of the past back for skate on the rink built on the expanse of the football field normally put to use by the Winnipeg Blue Bombers or University of Manitoba Bisons.

In its way a symbol of some of the pond hockey of many memories, though with slightly warmer temperatures than say a crisp January afternoon might have delivered.

During the course of the Saturday broadcast, it was noted with some awe the importance that the many community rinks in the city have for the region. With many an NHL dream created on any given Winnipeg evening, under the bright lights and not far from a hot stove.

Most of the names of yesteryear were there Wayne Gretzky, Mark Messier, a young whippersnapper named Ryan Smyth for the Oilers; Dave Babych, Ed Olcyk and Dale Hawerchuk for the Jets, the appreciation from the crowd ringing in the ears of each and everyone of the players as they took their place on the ice.

The hockey was what might expected at such events, a leisurely skate on the ice with occasional flashes of what once would bring fans to their feet, the game ending on a penalty shot with the Finnish Flash Teemu Selanne sending the crowd of 31,000 plus home with the desired good vibe of a victory over the Oilers. Reversing the narrative of the past of a team, when the Edmontonians would  dash the hopes of River City hockey fans on more than a few occasions in the halcyon days of the Oilers/Jets battles.

Attention now turns to Sunday's showdown between the current Jets and an Oilers squad that for many, is starting to remind hockey fans of a similar collection of youngsters from the eighties whe were ready to make their mark on the NHL.

Though if we're looking for an omen for how Sunday's game might end, look no further than the newest exciting import from Finland.

With the legend Teemu Selanne settling up Saturday's Alumni showcase, surely Patrick Laine will be the name that Jets fans will be cheering when the Sunday Classic comes to an end.


Investors Group Field in Winnipeg is the host venue for this years
Heritage Classic between the Winnipeg Jets and Edmonton Oilers

(Photo from NHL website)


Heritage Classic Website

Some notes on the Heritage Classic can be found below:

Sunday's Main event 
Puck Drop 2 PM Manitoba Time/3 PM ET/ Noon PT
Sportsnet, TVA, NHL Network (USA)

Jets hone in on Heritage Classic
Scheifele catches eye of Oilers head coach
Teemu gives Laine thumbs-up
Stafford ready for full experience
Patrick Laine and Tyler Myers check out the stadium
Jets prep for Heritage game
A fun week for Jets
Jets plan on keeping it simple in Sunday's Heritage Classic
Connor McDavid is excited to play outdoor game
Connor McDavid and Mark Scheifele are fast friends
Oilers outdoor 'rookies' excited
Oilers' oldest rivalry vs. Jets about to get hot in a lukewarm place



The Alumni Game

Selanne of course gets alumni winner for Jets over Oilers
Bandit Berthiaume strikes again
Alumni game a winner
Gretzky's last hurrah?
Reminiscing the retro days of hockey
Mullen feels fortunate
Back to the future for Oilers old timers
Babych had to be good in first season, or else
Once a public enemy, Gretzky not used to getting warm receptions in Winnipeg
Huddy wearing both team's colours at Heritage Classic
Lindstrom doing double duty Heritage weekend
Jet's first Finns paved way for likes of Selanne, Laine
Swedes Hedberg and Nilssson lauded as trailblazers for European hockey
Finnish Flash still has panache
Gretzky takes up stinking way too late
Long time no see Wayne ... help you up, buddy?
Nothing compares to Teemu
For Oilers alumni, it's one last time, with feeling
Selanne scores two to lead Jets over Oilers at Heritage Classic alumni game


Some Notes on the Heritage Classic

Wayne Gretzky's fingerprints are all over the Heritage Classic
Perks of the job: Kris King excited for Heritage Classic
A more intimate Heritage Classic
A celebration of hockey history
Heritage Classic revives memories of a night the roof came off at Winnipeg Arena
When the Great One speaks, people listen ... even years after his retirement
Ice tales from a bygone era
NHL outdoor game in Winnipeg, like all of them, has roots in Edmonton
Heritage Classic in 2003 saved in 'the frozen moment'
Steve Staios and Ryan Smyth remember the Big Freeze
Oilers, NHL both want another outdoor game in Edmonton
With Heritage Classic, Winnipeg celebrates the Jets and the future




          From One Austin, to another Auston!        
So honestly after watching the Austin Matthews debut, just one thing needs to be said his performance on the night.




Now true, while at the end of the sixty minutes and a bit of OT for the 2016-17 debut for the Leafs and Senators the scoreline was Senators 5, Matthews 4, remainder of Leafs 0, the hype surrounding the young Arizonan making his regular season debut seems rather justified.

The young phenom from Scottsdale, Arizona had a fine night of skating on the ice surface at the Canadian Tire Centre, dazzling the Ottawa fans and undressing the Ottawa defenders as he provided for a performance to launch the new season for the NHL.

Bringing to the ice a performance that guaranteed top line exposure on all of the nightly sports highlights shows, even ESPN, which for the most part in the past has placed the NHL's scoring crawl in the same line up as Cricket Test matches from Fiji.

Matthews' rewarded the Leafs confidence of Draft Day in June, picking up his first NHL goal at 8:21 of the first period, followed by his second just six minutes later.  With a short break between periods, possibly to check his twitter feed and instagram account, he came back out and became the thing of nightmares for Senators goaltender Craig Anderson.

With Matthews scoring just after the one minute mark of period number two, collecting his fourth and final goal on the evening with but three seconds remaining in the middle period, a full night of hockey already accomplished with just forty minutes of play out of the way.

With a modern day NHL record in Matthews pocket, that of four goals in his first game, the Maple Leafs night on score sheet would come to an end, as the Senators finally found a way to not only shut down the highly touted addition to the Leafs lineup, but to turn the game around and claim the win in Overtime.

Perhaps a perfect outcome for hockey fans in the Nations' capital who can say they were there when Matthews' collected the first of what appear to be many records that may soon claim his name, while at the same time having seen the home side squad show some grit and take their first victory of the season.

The scoring exploits became one of the trending topics on twitter for part of the evening and no doubt set Leafs' fans hearts to racing at the prospect of a home game schedule that suggests offence may soon be back in the blue print for Maple Leaf hockey.

The only person perhaps that was happier than Maple Leafs fans on Wednesday night was League Commissioner Gary Bettman, it was like winning your Fantasy Hockey Draft on the first night of play.

Bettman has a top level American star, playing for one of the most iconic franchises in the league, one based in Canada, in the home of the top television market for the NHL, a guarantee that the launch of the legend of Auston is going to get maximum exposure.

As an added chance for a short victory lap, the newest star for the NHL hails not from a snowbound town in the hockey belt, but from that newly charted territory of Arizona. A market that Bettman has done all that he could to keep alive and with the ascent of Matthews to the NHL galaxy he no doubt make for at least a short term salute to building footprints across the continent.

At some point the Commish might prefer to see young Mr. Matthews on a US based team in one of the large media markets of the lower 48, but for now the spotlight is Toronto and Matthews it seems is going to fit in just nicely.

Sometimes you just have a great day and Wednesday was that for Matthews, Bettman, the Leafs and hockey fans as well.

The Reviews quickly came in following Matthew's debut and for fans of the Leafs, the omens would appear to indicate that alls  is going to be fine.


Why Auston Matthews is the perfect prospect for the Maple Leafs
Auston Matthews wows with four goals, but Sens beat Leafs in overtime
Leafs' Matthews offers a tour de force in debut
History was four score and one game ago
Auston Matthews' four-goal NHL debut a Twitter sensation
Sports world reacts to Auston Matthews' incredible debut with Maple Leafs
Babcock happy with Matthews and other kids, wants Maple Leaf veterans to step up
13 players who could challenge Auston Matthews for NHL rookie crown
'This is our kid. He's from our state': Arizona hockey breaming with pride after Matthews' historic debut
High praise following Auston Matthews' first game with Maple Leafs
Matthews proves he's setting the tone for the Leafs this season
Maple Leafs marketing scheme off to flying start with Auston Matthews' historic night
Matthews' historic 4 goals not enough as Leafs fall to Sens
Nothing to C here
The NHL has become a place where kids can play
Calder Trophy, meet Auston Matthews
Senators spoil Matthews' coronation by winning in Overtime
The Auston Matthews effect and dreams for USA hockey
Auston Matthews puts debut 'in the past'
Auston Matthews adding to celebration in Toronto
What they're sayin about Auston Matthews
Five things you likely don't know about Auston Matthews
Auston Matthews has record-setting debut
Auston Matthews historic in Maple Leafs debut
Auston Matthews has unforgettable debut
Watch Auston Matthews drive his mom to tears of joy
Auston Matthews debut sparks social media frenzy
Auston Matthews scores four goals in first NHL game
Auston Matthews. Wow ... just, wow
Scottsdale's Auston Matthews first ever with 4 goals in NHL debut with Toronto Maple Leafs
Spotlight growing on Auston Matthews' historic NHL debut
After four goals in NHL debut, what does Auston Matthews do for an encore?
Auston Matthews' mom was so happy for her son
Auston Matthews saw all of your nice tweets after his incredible deabut game
Number One overall pick Auston Matthews makes history in NHL debut
Gilmour, St. Louis and others weigh in on Matthews' debut
Perspective on Auston Matthews' historic NHL debut
Please Toronto, don't screw up this Auston Matthews thing





          Video Production Company in London        
Blue Print Media Group is an award winning video production company in London that has expertise in digital marketing, web videos, corporate videos.
          The Hand of The Red Pilgrim Alchemy Symbol Tote Bags        
The Hand of The Red Pilgrim! these are precious moments full of love and healing  energies captured for ever for continued healing, all along. Alchemy since ancient ages is an interesting subject, this collection came up intuitively, going with the flow and with guidance of my spirit guides. Basically alchemy means transformation,changing lead into gold. Egyptians and Ancient Chinese also had alchemists who with use of formulas and symbols brought about changes. 
Going with this concept, helping to bring about transformations. Aiming here to purify, mature and prefect the energies. Choice of symbols is intuitively and no personal involvement or  preferences. The final pour,dripping technique, continues...to allow the natural forces to take charge, with the paint and the paper having its own soul.
It is as if the symbols written and the blue print made and then letting go of all control , allowing the Universal life force to take charge and bring about transformations, healing. Perfection of human body, mind and soul. The Chinese Alchemy , body is thought of a cosmological process, with intervention of Tao Masters Alchemists, brings about transformation,alignment, mainly focusing on purification of mind ,body and spirit. The aim was for immortality, but let us here aim for a better quality of life, improved relationships and great successes in work and personal life.
The Hand of The Red Pilgrim Work in Progress

The Hand of The Red Pilgrim Alchemy 

The color rust, earthy red, brings in mother Earths blessings,choice of pinks, blues and purples, yellow indicating different energy sources.
Combinations came up intuitively.
Empowerment, Healing affirmations, putting the power here. Open to fresh thoughts and blessings from the universe, selfless, pure intentions, not applying any pressure for outcomes, and trusting the Universe. Reiki Masters use this power symbol most of times and I love this symbol Cho Ku Rei very much. It is the one seen in most of my healing paintings and I really Love this triple coiled symbol that comes up effortlessly and with swift movements. Emptying the mind of all chaos, the small paintings on Alchemy have emerged serene and with power packed pure energy.  Going into the mode, one sitting, focused, pure, Reiki Alchemy!
Thank you for coming by The Perfect Hand Bags!
All the Best from Rizwana!
Alchemy Patterns Limited 5, unique, one of kind, Urbane sophistication and style. Amazing digital artworks and hand painted original paintings printed Tote bags, Always a style Statement!
The symbols connect with Universal appeal and are a beautiful way to connect with the healing energies of the universe. Each symbol has its own spiritual meanings and interpretations. Symbols not only help bring soothing harmonious energy but also heal the heart and mind. Makes one feel refreshed and opens life for new energies and luck.
 Over the span of seventeen years I have done thousands of hand painted spiritual symbolic paintings and cubism artworks. The years have also had my expressions for striving to express my self and my healing energies  and ,the art or colours and symbols,  Digital paintings using symbols and Reiki energies. have been done , some are as old as year 2002 and till date I continue to make digital and hand made original healing paintings.  and what a great way to motivate and energize your days with carrying some Awesum Healing Art symbol designer Tote bags,  made by a qualified Reiki Master , healing artist, me,  with loads of Love and Blessings! 

What an beautiful way to self heal yourself , emotionally heal and gain the energy from the healing art, and also carry along the healing energies of the Universe , of symbols and colour therapy healing art printed Tote Bags.
Carry Healing all along with Healing Art! 
Thank you, Have a Great Day from Rizwana!
Like Share Comment for the Love of Symbolism!
All Paintings and Content are My Original Copyright Reserved © 2000-2017 Rizwana A.Mundewadi
DO NOT COPY FOR FEAR OF KARMA!




          Tool and Die Maker - VP Tool & Mold Complany Ltd. - Ancaster, ON        
third year apprentice in Tool & Die or General Machinist or Mold maker Must be able to read blue prints ability to run lathe, mills, radial drill, grinder
From Indeed - Tue, 02 May 2017 14:35:43 GMT - View all Ancaster, ON jobs
          Window Sales Specialist - 84 Lumber Company - Charlotte, NC        
Ability to lift building materials. Ability to read blue prints and prepare a material take-off list. Goals of the specialist selling premium windows &amp; doors:....
From 84 Lumber Company - Mon, 12 Jun 2017 10:40:25 GMT - View all Charlotte, NC jobs
          Dr. B. Kent Remington’s unique technique to lip injections using his formulated lip blue print approach. From “Lower Face: Clinical Anatomy and Regional Approaches with Injectable Fillers.”        
This video demonstrates Dr. B. Kent Remington’s unique technique to lip injections using his formulated lip blue print approach. From the PRS supplement, “Soft Tissue Fillers and Neuromodulators: International and Multidisciplinary Perspectives” (vol 136, issue 5s). The techniques presented in this supplement to Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery do not necessarily represent best practices or endorsed techniques of the Guest Editors, Editor-in-Chief, Editorial Board, American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) or Wolters Kluwer Health. The videos in this supplement are intended to provide multidisciplinary, international perspectives on how specific Soft Tissue Filler and Neuromodulator products are being used by board-certified plastic surgeons, dermatologists, facial plastic surgeons, and oculoplastic surgeons worldwide and may contain off-label uses in your region. It is recommended that these techniques only be administered by board-certified physicians who are core-trained in cosmetic medicine and according to the product labeling recommended by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Publication of these supplements does not constitute product or sponsor endorsement by Journal or ASPS.
          DME (desa mandiri energi)        
Salah satu kebijakan pemerintah dalam pemenuhan energi nasional adalah dengan di buatnya Peraturan Pemerintah Nomor 5 tahun 2006 tentang Kebijakan Energi Nasional dan Intruksi Presiden Nomor 1 tahun 2006 tentang Percepatan Penyediaan dan Pemanfaatan Bahan Bakar Nabati (Biofuel) sebagai BAhan Bakar Lain, yang kemudian ditindaklanjuti dengan upaya pengurangan kemiskinan dan pengangguran melalui Keputusan Presiden Nomor 10 tahun 2006 tentang pembentukan Tim Nasional (Tim Nas) Bahan Bakar Nabati (BBN).

Salah satu jalur percepatan itu antara lain adalah melalui pengembangan Desa Mandiri Energi (DME) sebagaimana yang dicantumkan Tim Nas dalam blue print Pengembangan BBN untuk Percepatan Pengurangan Kemiskinan Dan Penggangguran.
Yang dimaksud dengan Desa Mandiri Energi adalah desa yang masyarakatnya memiliki kemampuan memenuhilebih dari 60% kebutuhan listrik dan bahan bakar dari energi terbarukan yang dihasilkan melalui pendayagunaan potensi sumber daya setempat.
DME diluncurkan pada tahun 2007 guna meningkatkan ketahanan energy di pedesaan dengan menggunakan energy setempat baik dalam bentuk bahan bakar nabati (BBN) maupun non bahan bakar nabati (non-BBN) untuk memenuhi kebutuhan energy rumah tangga maupun kegiatan produktif (Sadirsan, E.S., 2009).
Masih menurut Erwin S. Sadirsan, 2009, tujuan pengembangan Program Pengembangan Energi di Kota Terpadu Mandiri dan Desa Mandiri Energi di kawasan Transmigrasi melalui Pemanfaatan Energi Terbarukan adalah: menyediakan energy listrik dalam rangka peningkatan taraf hidup masyarakat, mengarahkan kemandirian masyarakat dalam penyediaan energi (DME); dan mengurangi pemakaian BBM melalui peningkatan pemanfaatan energy setampat.
Adapun tujuan program DME secara umum adalah mengurangi ketergantungan pemakaian bahan bakar dari sumber energy fosil, menjadi baru yang terbarukan serta ramah lingkungan, otonomi daerah, peningkatan sumber kerja (menciptakan lapangan kerja dan mengurangi kemiskinan).
Pengembangan DME juga merupakan perwujudan dari pembangunan ekonomi pemerintah saat ini, meliputi pembangunan ekonomi yang pro growth, pro job, dan pro poor yang dikenal dengan SBYnomics.

Oleh: Wahyu Widodo

Dafpus:
Sadirsan, E.S. 2009. Peluang dan Tantangan Pengembangan Desa Mandiri Energi Di Indonesia. Makalah disampaikan dalam Seminar Nasional IMATETANI, Purwokerto. 19 Desember 2009.


          Converse Backpack Bag Black Blue Print 10003331        
Converse Backpack Bag Black Blue Print 10003331

Converse Backpack Bag Black Blue Print 10003331

Black backpack bag with blue print by Converse 100% polyester Full zip fastening to main compartment with adjustable straps Woven front logo with additional zipped front pouch and internal pockets Size : (W) 29cm x (H) 46cm x (D) 12cm


          Hugo Boss Cattitude Short Sleeve Sleeve Blue Print 404 50329454        
Hugo Boss Cattitude Short Sleeve Sleeve Blue Print 404 50329454

Hugo Boss Cattitude Short Sleeve Sleeve Blue Print 404 50329454

Navy and white geometric pattern short sleeved shirt by Boss Orange 100% cotton Slim fit, single chest pocket Metal logo badge on side seam


          [$$$] Construction Job Board - [Ironworker] Iron Worker (West Virigina) - Contractor        
We are looking for a couple of Iron Workers for the West Virginia area. We are building a platform and setting some machinery. Job info: $26.00 Hour $80.00 Per diem 50 hours a week 4 weeks Must be able to read blue prints. Please send resum...(click link to see full post)
          Linocut in Progress: Although I'm probably the only one who can tell.        
Believe it or not, there have been big things happening in the progress of the current linocut, but at this scale it will be almost impossible to tell. I'm going to try to show you anyway. (Any of the photos in this post can be slightly embiggened with a click, which might help a little. But not much.)

There's been some impatience among a few lurkers who want me to get on with the ducks, but a little more "faffing about" with the water still needed to happen. (Hi, John B.!)

After the previous step I rolled up the entire block with a transparent gray. (Step 7, not pictured.) I felt okay about how things were going until the next morning, when I decided that the blue printed in the diagonals was a little too bright.

Rats. Instead of moving ahead I was obliged to back up and hit some areas with an almost-white blue. Call it Step 7.5, I guess.

Linocut in Progress, Step 7.5 

Once I felt the blue was sufficiently toned-down it was time for another transparent gray, rolled over the entire block. Again, you can't really tell what's happening here, other than a slight increase in overall contrast, but this pass picked out a few details and set things up for....

Step 8

The ducks! Finally. There are four mallards swimming towards us, three males and one female. The previous transparent ink layers have made the foreground bird a little too blue, and the female needs to have brown undertones, so I did some spot inking and masking of the "duck blobs":

Step 9

There are lots of little color bits to add to the birds now, and once that's done I think there will be one more color pass. With luck I'll get the whole thing finished this weekend, which means in the back of my head I should be thinking about the next piece. Right?
          Contisa Copy Center        
Services Offered
  1. Graphic & Layout Designs
  2. Tarpaulin Printing
  3. Decals & Stickers
  4. Backlit Printing
  5. PVC and ID Lamination
  6. Invitations
  7. Business/Calling Cards
  8. Brochures/Labels/Flyers/Posters
  9. Photo Printing
  10. Vinyl Sticker/Graphics
  11. Photocopy/Scanning
  12. Blue Printing
Other Services
  1. Fax & Telephone Services
    (Local & International)

          Ujian Sekolah 2017        
Hi, students of grade 9.
The following month-April, you should take the Final School Test or "Ujian Sekolah". To facilitate your study for preparing the test, here is the "Blue Print" or commonly called "Kisi - Kisi."

Kisi-Kisi Ujian Sekolah Bhs Inggris.
          XXXI. Love like Blood        

Dear Fallen Libertine,
This is my frist year participating at the Home & Garden Expo and I Am thrilled and excited to give a more official presentation of my second brand, Libertine. I will be doing a cross post on Fallen Gods Inc.'s blog too with the same content, for those who don't know about it: fallengodsinc.blogspot.com .
Libertine is a Minor Furniture Brand Under the Wing of Fallen Gods Inc. that Features mostly items I create for my own enjoyment, then polish so I can share with others. Libertine allows to express my passion for Building in Second Life and love for Antiquities and Architecture.

The Expo Starts the 14 February, San Valentino, a festivity very ancient in Italy but lately embraced by all the wrong reasons by world's marketing, and I admit it amuses me. I am fascinated in general by the subtle line of taste, elegance, kitch, love, cheesy, perversion and catastrophe. Said that I am releasing a few collection of Love messages to share with who you care for the other 364 days of the year., there's also a few new releases and some old releases finally out, a hunt gift and the presentation of my first Home, Villa Ambrata, which shall be available in April (read more about it at bottom of post).

I wish you a pleasant stay.
Yours,
Alia

SLURL: Libertine at the Home and Garden Expo
Event's Official Website: https://slhomeandgardenexpo.wordpress.com/



Items to benefit Relay for Life & New Releases

Gacha Available at Hope 5 Gacha Area, 
Full set with Copy perms avaiable on Hope 4's Libertine's parcel.

10L For the H&G Hunt





New Releases & Re-Releases

Single elements available.

Single elements available.



About Villa Ambrata
Villa Ambrata is born as my personal Home. The Blue Print is the same but the interior layout is slightly different. The project I am offering you a preview has the addition of a second floor with two more wings and more room. What you are visiting today is a prototype and a work in progress that is planned to be released in April 2016. If you interested in the future purchase of this Home feel free to purchase a symbolic token from a stand at the Expo that will alert you when the Villa is available for Sale. 


                  
Zelda will offer Bone Readings and will have drums and rattles for sale on Oct. 1st.

Zelda Hotaling


Zelda Hotaling was raised in the Native American Tradition of the Mohawk people, the Haudenosaunee. Her family is from the Kahnawaka Reservation in Canada, and she began receiving her teachings as a child with the Elders and building her relationship with Creator.

In her healing work she uses crystal bowls, drums and rattles to promote healing through sound vibration. Her gifts are Clairvoyance, and Spirit Guide Healing work. Her dream vision is” being part of the amazing energy shift Mother Earth has manifested!” “I may assist you in becoming aware of your life journey, to find that which calls you to a deeper connection with your spiritual self.”
Zelda will offer Bone Readings on Oct. 1st.



Jane Batley of "Soulmates" will be vending on November 12th.
She will have gems, minerals, jewelry, malas, rosaries, dreamcatchers, statuary, and space clearing items for sale.







Jessica will offer readings and will be selling her books and vibrational oils at the Oct. 1st. Healing Arts Fair. 
       
  • Psychic /Intuitive /medium
  • Certified Past Life Regressionist
  • Certified Akashic Record Reader
  • Tarot
  • Tea leaf/Scryer
  • Certified Lemurian Healer
  • Fae Journeyer/shamanic drum
  • Teacher/Life Coach
  • New Life Endeavors: Meditation Journey classes
  • Published Author and storyteller for children and adults 


Many people are searching for answers in their personal lives. Our life experiences are as unique to us as our own personal blue print or DNA. We all have the opportunity to make our lives better and more satisfying. There are many ways to find the answers to your questions. My readings provide one avenue to achieve this goal. Feel free to ask the questions of what may be blocking you from experiencing a more fulfilling life. Break through the unnecessary confusion and questions about your present life purpose.  As an intuitive, I would like to share my gifts of seeing to help you find your answers.




Laurie Perkins will be doing animal communication readings, oracle cards crystal ball readings, and psychometry on August 13th, Sept. 10th, and Oct. 1st and Nov. 12th. Bring a picture of your pet or an object belonging to someone you want Laurie to tune into.

Animal Communication Readings
(
Must have picture of pets.) Ask your beloved pets questions and receive the messages your pets want you to hear. Find out what your pets like and dislike.
Oracle Card Readings

A reading of 12 cards using three different Oracle decks. I will hold something of yours (keys or jewelry) to receive additional information for you during your reading.

Psychometry for Psychic, Intuitive, Mediumship Readings
While holding
 an object of yours (keys, jewelry, picture, etc.) I will read the energy off of the object and receive psychic and intuitive information for you. You can connect with a loved one in spirit by having a picture of them
 or an object they often used.



Kristin Robinson will be offering Foot Reflexology sessions with your choice of one of her organic healing salves on Oct, 1st, Nov. 12th.

Reflexology is much more than a simple foot massage. Skilled press applied to reflex points can offer a wide variety of healing benefits, and it feels really good! We can begin to heal our lives at the deepest levels when we value our bodies and honor their messages.

Note from Kristin: This will be my last Newburyport Healing Arts Fair as I will be moving to the Phoenix area after the Holidays. I invite you to stay connected by visiting my natural healing boutique at www.PeaceLoveTSD.org , and signing up for my monthly newsletter. 

Peace Love TSD is an online shop featuring unique handmade art and natural healing products, created in loving memory of Toby (Tobias S. Dog), the fur-angel by my side for close to 18 years. Everything you will find on this site is organic, vegan, eco-friendly, and made with Divine Love. Your purchase helps to support local senior animal rescues. Live in Gratitude and Heal Naturally!





Diane will offer Bowenwork Healing Sessions at the Nov. 12th fair.

Diane Crosser

www.americanbowen.academy

Journey to Wellness Holistic Center

Diane Crosser is certified as a Colon Hydrotherapist and a Professional Bowen Practitioner by the American Bowen Academy in Dewey Arizona.

What is Bowenwork? 

Bowenwork is a very gentle and effective manual therapy that balances tension patterns in the body resulting in a state of deep relaxation.  It takes the body out of fight or flight and stimulates changes in the body affecting the relaxation response of the parasympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system (ANS). Bowen moves on muscles, tendons, ligaments and over nerves send very specific messages through the nervous system to stimulate and reset these tension patterns in areas of pain, injury, restriction, and dysfunction. Clients report deep relaxation, reduced stress, improvement in performance and energy levels, reduction or elimination of pain and discomfort, greater joint mobility, better sleep, and an overall improvement in physical, mental and emotional wellbeing after experiencing Bowen sessions!  And Bowen is so gentle on the body that it is appropriate for all ages, babies to elderly and can be done over light clothing!


Pauline will offer Oracle Card Readings on Oct. 1st and Nov. 12th.

Oracle Card Readings My readings are grounded in love and compassion. I connect with the divine higher realms to provide insight and information.  I am driven to work with others so that they may experience transformative love in their own lives and lead a more loving, joyful and purpose filled spiritual life.

Other services:
·      House parties - readings
·      Healings – Melchizedek Method(MM) – (remote and in-person)
·      Spiritual counseling:  for life’s speed bumps and connecting to universal love

Perpetual student -- Si

          Converge 2016        
Link: http://www.irongeek.com/i.php?page=videos/converge2016/mainlist
These are the videos from the Converge Information Security Conference. Thanks to Wolf for having me out and Chris, Daniel, Daniel, Ed, Ben, Sam, Adam & Eric and others I may forget for helping to record.

Intro

Keynote 1
Steve Werby

So You've Inherited a Security Department, Now What?!?!
Amanda Berlin

Violating Trust: Social Engineering Past and Present
Paul Blonsky

AppSec Awareness: A Blue Print for Security Culture Change
Chris Romeo

Red Team Madness - Or, How I Learned To Stop Worrying and Expect Pentester Mistakes
Jeremy Nielson

Threat Modeling for Secure Software Design
Robert Hurlbut

Not Even One Shade of Gray: Stop Tolerating Compromise in Security
Rich Boyer

MySQL 5.7 Security
Dave Stokes

Evolving the Noise out InfoSec using Law Enforcement Paradigms
Charles Herring

Game of Hacks - Play, Hack, and Track
Igor Matlin

Red is the new Blue - Defensive Tips & Tricks from a Defender turned Pentester
Ben Ten

Building a better user: Developing a security-fluent society
Rich Cassara

Food Fight
J Wolfgang Goerlich

Maneuvering Management Madness
Andrew Hay

Enterprise Class Threat Management Like A Boss
Rockie Brockway

Compliant, Secure, Simple. Pick two.
Joshua Marpet

Sentry on the Wall
Reid Brosko

Expanding Your Toolbox the DIY Way
Chris Maddalena

Surreal Paradigms: Automotive Culture Crash
Dave Schaefer

Haking the Next Generation
David Schwartzberg

Malware Magnets: A practical walkthrough in developing threat intelligence
Tazz Tazz

Still broken after all these years aka Utility Security for Smarties
Doug Nibbelink


          Press Operator - Landmark Structures - Texas        
Assess own strengths and weaknesses; Takes responsibility for own actions; Ability to read blue prints and understand basic die design....
From Landmark Structures - Wed, 24 May 2017 15:03:49 GMT - View all Texas jobs
          German spy chief admits HQ blue prints stolen        
BERLIN — Germany’s foreign intelligence chief Ernst Uhrlau Tuesday admitted that blueprints for his service’s new headquarters in Berlin had been stolen, but played down the danger posed by the loss. The missing blueprints are those of a parking area and of a “power generating cent...
                  
Hal  : Surat Perkenalan General Cleaning

Dengan hormat,

Kami mengucapkan terima kasih atas kesempatan yang telah diberikan untuk memperkenalkan PT.Fadara Swadaya Abadi yang bergerak di bidang jasa General cleaning.Dengan berbekal pengalaman dan dukungan dari para staff yang ada, serta berbagai pihak yang terkait, kami senantiasa ingin meningkatkan kualitas pekerjaan dan pelayanan kepada seluruh customer adalah salah satu tujuan kami.

Pada saat ini penggunaan Air Conditioning pada gedung-gedung bertingkat dan hotel telah menjadi suatu kebutuhan utama.Namun perlu juga disadari dibalik kenyamanan yang diberikan oleh AC tersebut, dampaknya terhadap kesehatan.

Sumber utama Indoor Air Polution adalah Air Conditioning system, didalam AC unit dan main duct dapat bersarang berbagai jenis mikroba, jamur dan bakteri serta debu yang secara terus menerus  ditiupkan ke dalam ruangan.

Dalam kesempatan ini kami mohon dapat diberikan waktu untuk presentasi atau survey tentang cleaning ducting AC central bagi Perusahaan anda.

Jasa dibidang General Cleaning PT.Fadara Swadaya Abadi bertujuan membantu manajemen perusahaan rekanan dalam hal pengalokasian sumber daya untuk menjaga kebersihan ruangan maupun lingkungan disekitarnya, guna kenyaman bagi peghuni gedung tersebut, yang didukung oleh enaga kerja terampil dan cekatan yang telah melalui proses seleksi dan pelatihan.

Beberapa jasa cleaning di PT.Fadara Swdaya Abadi adalah, Cleaning Ducting AC Central,Cleaning Vertical Blind, Cleaning Service, Cleaning Carpet,kursi dan sofa.

Atas perhatian yang diberikan kami ucapkan teima kasih, dan kami tunggu secepatnya kabar lebih lanjut dari Bapak.

Hormat kami,
PT.Fadara Swadaya Abadi




Prio Dwi Atmoko S.Psi


Tentang kami

PT. FADARA SWADAYA ABADI berdiri pada awal Januari  2003  bergerak di bidang jasa General Cleaning. Dengan berbekal pengalaman dan dukungan dari para staff yang ada, serta berbagai pihak yang terkait, kami senantiasa ingin meningkatkan kualitas pekerjaan dan pelayanan kepada seluruh customer sebagai salah satu tujuan kami.
Kami berharap dapat menambah kepercayaan customer dan memberi banyak peluang bagi kami untuk ikut berpatisipasi dibidang jasa General Cleaning.

Tujuan Perusahaan

Dibidang jasa General Cleaning PT. Fadara Swadaya Abadi bertujuan untuk membantu manajemen perusahaaan rekanan dalam hal kebersihan  ruangan dan saluran tata udara yang didukung oleh tenaga kerja terampil dan cekatan yang telah melalui proses seleksi dan pelatihan.



Sistem saluran tata udara yang baru dibersihkan akan terasa nyaman dari pada sistem tata udara yang kotor. Lebih penting lagi, saluran tata udara yang bersih memiliki dampak yang signifikan pada kesehatan.

Saluran tata udara pada bangunan berfungsi sebagai sistem pernafasan gedung. Debu, kutu, dan bakteri lainnya di udara ditarik ke dalam sistem ducting. Seiring waktu, debu, kutu dan bakteri  tersebut terakumulasi dalam ducting, menjadi tempat berkembang biak spora, bakteri, jamur, dan mikroba lainnya, yang kemudian disirkulasikan melalui saluran tata udara di gedung. Berdampak pada kesehatan dan kenyamanan dalam bekerja. Bagi yang menderita alergi, asma atau penyakit pernafasan lainnya, tentu rentan terhadap efek polusi udara dalam ruangan.

Teknis pelaksanaan Pekerjaan

I. Inspeksi
A. Prosedur inspeksi sebelum pekerjaan

Kami melakukan pada sistem Air Duct guna mengetahui sampai sejauh mana tingkat kesulitan yang ada. Untuk memonitor kondisi di dalam ducting dari accses door dengan menggunakan kamera digital untuk dokumentasi dan robot kamera duct eye melalui layar monitoring dan direkam kedalam video pada point tertentu sebagai representative dari sistem ducting.

B. Prosedur Inspeksi sesudah pengerjaan
Setelah seluruh pekerjaan Air Duct Cleaning selesai dilakukan, kami merekam kembali dengan menggunakan kamera digital untuk dokumentasi dan robot kamera duct eye untuk mengetahui keadaan di dalam ducting setelah pekerjaan selesai, sebagai bukti pekerjaan Air Duct sudah dilakukan.


II. Prosedur Pekerjaan
A. Air Handling Unit

AHU sebelum dan sesudahnya dibersihkan, dicek dengan air flow kemudian sirip-sirip dibersihkan dengan pressure washer dibantu dengan chemical untuk melepaskan debu yang melekat.
B. Damper, Supply Duct dan Return Duct
1. Lakukan inspeksi umum pada sistem ducting dan buat laporan bila ada sambungan yang tidak rapat.
2. Pada saat supply duct/return duct akan dibersihkan, AHU harus pada posisi off.
3. Beberapa acoustic akan dibuka pada area yang akan dibersihkan berdasarkan gambar blue print apabila diperlukan.
4. Berdasarkan blue print ditentukan titik-titik mana yang akan dibuat acsses door/Main hole pada ducting.
5. Ducting akan dibersihkan dengan cara manual atau Automatis kemudian divacuum dengan alat Heavy Duty Vacuum berkekuatan tinggi yang mampu menyedot sampai partikel-partikel debu terkecil.
6. Setelah seluruh area dikerjakan selesai, accses Door/Main Hole akan ditutup kembali dengan isolasi duct (duct tape), acoustic ditutup kembali seperti semula.
C. Open Return
Seluruh ruangan di atas plafon di vacuum dengan menggunakan alat Heavy Duty Vacuum, setelah selesai di decontaminasi dengan menggunakan chemical (Virotro-Ex/MICROBAN)
C. Diffuser dan Return Air Grill
1. Diffuser dan Return Air Grill dibersihkan di tempat dengan menggunakan heavy duty vacuum cleaner dan dicuci dengan chemical (Heavy Duty Degreaser).
2. Untuk tipe-tipe tertentu Diffuser dan Return Air Grill dibersihkan dengan cara manual dilepas dan dicuci dengan chemical (Heavy Duty Degreaser).

III. Prosedur Mendekontaminasi Air Duct
1. Hidupkan kembali semua listrik pada unit sentral dan fan (Blower) serta pada sirkuit breaker.
2. Alat fogging dimasukan ke dalam Main Hole di Plannum dan arahkan ke main duct.
3. Jalankan Fan (blower) AHU, kemudian lakukan fogging dengan menggunakan  chemical ( VIROTRO-EX/MICROBAN)

Peralatan Yang Digunakan
Pressure Washer
Alat yang digunakan untuk
membersihkan debu-debu tebal
yang menempel di AHU ( Blower, Fan Coil dan Filter )


Heavy Duty Vacuum Cleaner
Mesin penghisap debu Dilengkapi dengan
filter yang dipasang di tempat penampungan
Mesin ini specialis digunakan untuk
Cleaning Ducting ( saluran tata udara
dan Exhaust Fan)


Recording Equipment
(monitor, Player, Duct eye)

Digunakan untuk merekam
kondisi saluran tata udara sebelum dibersihkan
dan sesudah dibersihkan


Robot Duct Eye
Camera duct eye Digunakan
untuk merekam kondisi saluran tata udara


FSA BRUSH
Digunakan untuk membersihkan
fleksible ( Branch Duct ) & saluran tata udara
yang sulit dibersihkan secara manual



PERALATAN CLEANING DUCTING AC CENTRAL,
CLEANING CARPET, KURSI, SOFA DAN VERTICAL BLIND

CREW PT. FADARA SWADAYA ABADI beserta
PERALATAN DAN MOBIL OPERASIONAL YANG DIGUNAKAN
untuk Pekerjaan : CLEANING DUCTING AC CENTRAL


Mengapa Ducting Harus Dibersihkan
1. Meningkatkan Kualitas Udara
2. Menjaga Unit AC/AHU Beroperasi Dengan Normal
3. Menjaga Kenyamanan Dalam Beraktivitas
4. Kesehatan

Bagian Apa Saja Yang Perlu Dibersihkan:
1. AHU/Indoor Unit
2. Ducting Supply
3. Diffuser
4. Return Air Grill
5. Damper
6. Flexible Duct

Slide 5
Apa Keuntungan/Benefit Memakai Jasa Cleaning Fadara:
nMempunyai tenaga ahli yang trampil dan  
  berpengalaman 
Slide 5
nPeralatan yang berkualitas dan memenuhi
  Standar International 
 Slide 5
Quality Insurance & High Safety
Slide 6  
Contoh dokumentasi saluran supply duct sebelum dibersihkan 
Slide 6
Debu tebal yang melekat pada dasar, dinding ducting
Slide 7

Contoh dokumentasi saluran supply duct sesudah dibersihkan:
Slide 7
Dinding ducting yang sudah divacum / dibersihkan
 Slide 8
Debu tebal yang melekat filter AHU mesin Vacum setelah pekerjaan Cleaning Duct dilaksanakan
Slide 9
Contoh dokumentasi debu tebal yang terdapat dalam mesin vacum heavy duty milik PT.Fadara Swadaya Abadi 
Slide 10
Jadi…. Kenapa Harus Ragu
Untuk membersihkan
Saluran tata udara
OLeh PT. Fadara Swadaya Abadi
  

PERUSAHAAN YANG PERNAH BERKERJA SAMA DENGAN KAMI





 
Slide 7 
 

Slide 11





















SEKIAN DAN TERIMA KASIH

PT. FADARA SWADAYA ABADI Permata Jatinegara, Jl. Bekasi Timur 9 No. 17/9, Rawa Bunga Jatinegara, Jakarta Timur 13350
CP : (021)99525253 - Prio Dwi Atmoko
          â€˜Tmax Day 2015’ and ‘Tmax GPC 2015’ – Sharing New Value and a New Blue Print        

The post ‘Tmax Day 2015’ and ‘Tmax GPC 2015’ – Sharing New Value and a New Blue Print appeared first on TmaxSoft.


          Blue Printed Chiffon Cold Shoulder Dress        
Blue Printed Chiffon Cold Shoulder Dress

Blue Printed Chiffon Cold Shoulder Dress

Polyester Chiffon Hand Wash One Size Fits UK8-14 Model Height 5'8


          Bright Blue Printed Floral Halterneck Jumpsuit        
Bright Blue Printed Floral Halterneck Jumpsuit

Bright Blue Printed Floral Halterneck Jumpsuit

100% Polyester Careful hand wash One Size Fits UK8-12 Model height 5'7


          Wireframe iPhone Blue Print        

By Meng To

Download this free .sketch file resource


          WEBINAR: A Blue Print for Value-Based Partnerships with Payors, ACOs, and Self-Insurers        

Join industry expert, Karen Butterton as she outlines how having a strategy in place is crucial to stay ahead in healthcare.

The post WEBINAR: A Blue Print for Value-Based Partnerships with Payors, ACOs, and Self-Insurers appeared first on Mediware Information Systems.


          Boys Blue Printed Padded Jacket         
Boys Blue Printed Padded Jacket

Boys Blue Printed Padded Jacket


          Kwanini Jay-Z na NAS ni mfano wa kuigwa kwenye Hip hop???        
Wakali ambao wana historia za kipekee kwenye ulimwengu wa Hip hop Nasir Jones Escoba 'Nas' na Sean Carter 'Jay -Z' ni mfano mzuri wa kuigwa katika ulimwengu wa Hip hop. 
2005- Ulikuwa ni mwaka ambao kulikuwa na bifu kali ya Jay-Z na Nas katika ulimwengu wa Hip hop. Baada ya Jay-Z kumponda Nas kwenye tamasha la Summer Jam 2001 na kutoa album aliyoiita 'Take over' to the world, Jay Z na Nas waliingia kwenye vita kali ya mashairi,kama vile Take over ya Jay-Z vs Ether ya Nas, Ether vs Super Ugly, Super ugly vs The Last Real Nigga Alive na Blue print2.  Kilichofurahisha katika bifu ya Jay Z na Nas ni kwamba bifu ilitengeneza Great Music na haikuwa kama bifu zinazo ibuka miaka ya hivi karibuni. Na bifu ya Jay na Nas ndo bifu ambayo kwa upande wangu nadhani inafaa kuwa mfano kwa wasanii wasasa wa Hip hop.
Mnamo October 27, 2005, katika tamasha la Powerhouse Concert  lililoandaliwa na  kituo cha radio 105.1 ndipo ambapo bifu ya Jay-Z na Nas ilikua officialy squashed pale Nas alipo tokea kwenye show ya Jay-Z bila kutarajiwa. Na hapo kwa makusudi jina la show likabadilika na kuitwa 'I declare War' yani 'Natangaza Vita'. Watu wengi mashabiki wa Jay walitegemea Jay angejipanga kwa mashairi ya vita dhidi ya adui yake 'Nas'. Badala yake Jay-Z aligeuka na kupanda stejini akiwa na adui yake Nas na kuperform ngoma ya 'Dead Presidents' na 'The World is Yours'. Baada ya Performance Jay na Nas wakapeana mikono na ukawa ndo mwisho wa Bifu yao. Hapo ndipo unapata picha kuwa ile 'I Declare War' ni kinyume cha 'I Declare Peace'.
Mnamo Januari 2006,  Jay-Z na Nas  wame make headlines baada ya Jay kumsaini Nas kuingia Def Jam wakati Record label ikiwa chini ya Hov. 'Jay-Z'.  Nas aliendelea kushirikiana na Jay  katika  album ya Hip hop is dead  kupitia ngoma ya 'Black Republicans' na kwa mara nyingine mwaka 2007 wametoa ngoma ya 'Success'.
Huu ni mfano mzuri kwa wana hip hop wa sasa kujifunza namna ya bifu za kujenga.
          Allowing Nature to Speak Through Colour        

".... everything around us is magical. But I didn't really do a good job in explaining.  Fairies and unicorns aside (coz those are definitely magical), the rain is magical. How does it fall in separate droplets instead of sheets (like when you pour water)? Plants are magical...growing from similar looking seeds into different sized trees and flowers of assorted colours.  So yes... everything around us is magical! Even you and me."

Yes, everything is magical. I was not looking, or rather, I was not being cognizant of what my true surroundings are.  I was aware of nature in our parks but failed to appreciate the beauty of the flora in my own neighbourhood and what they can provide for my upcycling work.

Ecodyeing and ecoprinting

Eco dyeing and eco printing


Nature Speaking Through Colour

It's been very quiet on the blog because I have been pouring over the internet and books, doing my research on natural dyes. What I have realised is that what works in other countries does not necessarily mean it will work here especially when you are not going to have the same flora. It really is one huge science experiment where you have controls and only change one parameter at a time.
I have been doing a bit of foraging but only picking what I need from the ground. Unfortunately (or fortunately), it's illegal to pick the fruits or leaves from trees in Singapore.

Eco Print/Dye

I am trying to avoid using alum and iron mordants but as I am dealing with non-animal natural fibers (ie. cotton) it has been very difficult not to use them to get beautiful prints. Cotton has many issues with dyes a) it doesn't take to natural pigments very easily unless there is a mordant to fix it; and b) the natural colours will fade over time due either light or washing. Well, this is why people invented chemical dyes, but I am trying to avoid all that and use as little metal mordant as possible.

The process does take quite a bit of time and you do need to plan out the whole process. This is what I have been doing so far:

  1. scouring my sourced cotton textiles
  2. mordanting
  3. dyeing

Don't forget that there are periods of time where the fabric needs to dry before going onto the next step. At this point I do feel my utility bills are going to be a bit higher so planning is really important. If I am going to do a bigger project I definitely will be making sure I make the most out of all the resources I have.

Eco dyes

Small Steps of Progress

Eco printing or eco dyeing is very experimental - you really don't know what you are going to get and unless you have done it many times, it is very difficult to replicate the results. I going to need a lot of patience if I am going to use it to upcycle cotton clothing. There have been a few little bumps along the way, but of course that's what learning is all about, right?

#1 Negative feedback

Just take it in, reflect and see how to improve it. I tried printing kumquat leaves, onion skins and local cherries onto this old Uniqlo top I had. I was all excited. Surely it would turn out very pretty. Alas, I think I was very ambitious and I forgot that what you see is NOT what you get.  The pinks became oranges, and the green faded after one day, and I got what looked like a blood-soaked garment. My husband's first reaction was, "zombie apocalypse". I think he couldn't see what I saw but now I am trying to see how I can turn this negative result into a positive one.  Stitching perhaps?
Anyway, I have decided to do some more experimentation so I can feel a bit more confident before I take the plunge and dye some clothes again.

Blue print ecodyes and dyeing

Natural dyes

Eco dyes


#2 Flora identification

This one is difficult, I even borrowed a friend's pair of binoculars so I could get a close up of the leaves in the tree. Add to the fact that not all leaves are created equal when it comes to natural dyes. The library is definitely my friend in the next few months.

Ecodyes

#3 Getting back to the chemistry behind it all

It does get exciting to see all the chemicals involved in the process, but why do certain things happen? I was trying to read up and remember my A-level chemistry. After a few hours of reading, I got even more confused - I think my brain didn't function (is it age?).  I will have a go at it again because it would be very useful to find out the "why?" so that I can move in the right direction.

So where am I going next with this?
More experimentation. So far, I have tried onion skins, local cherries, avocado, blue pea, mango leaves and golden shower leaves, but I need to see whether they are colour fast.

Stay tuned!

Eco dyeing and printing


          Divorce Diaries : The Plan        
After you accept you are getting a divorce you need, or at least I needed to come up with a plan to be okay.  I consulted friends and family and started to cobble together a plan that would help me make it through the next couple of months.  I needed to decide what I would focus on and what I would let go of...

TheHusBlog Definition Pause (Holy Shit I found a way to work this back in, golf clap) : My Divorce Plan


  • Take care of my body, work out eat right.  During the bad times in the marriage I joined a gym and started working out regularly.  I figured it would be a good stress relief.  Well after 4 months I had lost like 50 pounds, which was cool.  I still had some more to lose and other fitness goals so I decided that I needed to keep working out.  Even if I was a wreck emotionally, if I took care of my body I would at least have that.
  • No Dating for 6 months.  I decided that I was not going to date or even consider dating for at least 6 months, I was going to be completely up front about where I was with whomever (whoever?) I dated.  And no I do not mean where I live, I mean where I was emotionally.
  • No Sex Either.  Okay so I know that should go with the bullet point above but I made a decision to not seek out a friends with benefits situation either.
  • Let my friend be their for me.  This one was hard for me.  I do not accept help, nor am I normally willing to admit when I am hurting, but for this time I decided to be vulnerable with my friends.  I assembled a team, let my friends know that I was hurting and what they could do to help me.  Each one of them, being amazing and awesome jumped right in.
  • Journal my thoughts.  I wrote a lot down during the pain points of the divorce, some of what started in my journal will make it here.

So that seems like a good plan right?  I though so too.  I will write other posts with updates on how well I did or didn't do on my plans.  Spoilers, I kind of messed up on some of them...

I would like to close with some advice, if I may be so bold.  If you are going through a divorce right now or recently went through one, my hat goes off to you.  I am truly sorry because in many ways a divorce will shake you to your very core.  Friends and Family are the only reason I made it through.  The team I assembled were the best.  Here is a blue print for the team I assembled :

TheHusBlog Definition Pause : The Divorce Support Force

  • Bestie Man(or Woman) : This was my best friend and confidant.  I told him everything, called him at odd hours and sometimes vented for hours.  Slowly as I called less, he would call more. Calling everyday to check in.  He was the rock when the world around me was nothing but rough waters
  • Wonder Couple : I had an amazing couple that have a great and envious marriage that I spent a lot of time with.  It was great to get both a male and female perspective and hanging out with them made me remember that marriage could be amazing.
  • The Enforcer : This was a female friend who would not let me do something stupid.  Any time I needed to be called on my shit, she was there.  She was the firm hand that kept me from doing anything too stupid.
  • The Divorcestress : This was a work mentor of mine who had gone through a very bad divorce many years ago.  When I didn't know what I was feeling or felt lost, she was there to talk it through.
-TheHusBlog

          JURNAL METODE RISET (Pertemuan Ketiga)        
  • TEMA : "PEMBERDAYAAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO
    SEBAGAI SALAH SATU PILAR SISTEM KEUANGAN NASIONAL:
    UPAYA KONKRIT MEMUTUS MATA RANTAI KEMISKINAN "
  • Oleh : M. Ridwan
  • Tahun : 2007

BAB 1

PENDAHULUAN


Abstrak
Upaya pengentasan kemiskinan dapat dilakukan antara lain dengan memutus mata rantai kemiskinan itu sendiri, diantaranya adalah dengan pemberian akses yang luas terhadap sumber-sumber pembiayaan bagi Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (UKM) yang pada dasarnya merupakan bagian dari masyarakat miskin yang mempunyai kemauan dan kemampuan produktif. Meskipun kontribusi UKM dalam PDB semakin besar, namun hambatan yang dihadapinya besar pula, diantaranya kesulitan mengakses sumber-sumber pembiayaan dari lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal.
Tulisan ini mencoba untuk menguraikan peranan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (LKM) dalam menunjang kegiatan UKM, walaupun porsinya sebagai alternatif pembiayaan masih lebih kecil dibandingkan lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal. Namun, hal ini menarik untuk dikaji sebab perkembangan LKM ternyata searah dengan perkembangan UKM sehingga dapat dinyatakan bahwa LKM sebagai salah satu pilar sistem keuangan nasional.
Untuk mewujudkan hal tersebut, terdapat dua hal yang layak direkomendasikan: pertama, memperkuat aspek kelembagaan LKM sebagaimana yang selama ini telah berjalan pada lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal yaitu mempercepat pengesahan RUU tentang LKM, dan kedua, komitmen yang kuat pada pengembangan UKM yang sinergi dengan LKM. Dan pada akhirnya upaya untuk memutus rantai kemiskinan dapat dilakukan dengan cara yang produktif.



1.1 Latar Belakang

Menurut Wiloejo Wirjo Wijono tahun 2005 Keberadaan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (LKM) tidak terlepas dari perkembangan Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM). Peranan UMKM terutama sejak krisis moneter tahun 1998 dapat dipandang sebagai katup penyelamat dalam proses pemulihan ekonomi nasional, baik dalam mendorong laju pertumbuhan ekonomi maupun penyerapan tenaga kerja. Kinerja UMKM dalam beberapa tahun terakhir menunjukkan peningkatan. Data Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) menunjukkan besaran Produk Domestik Bruto yang diciptakan UMKM dalam tahun 2003 mencapai nilai Rp 1.013,5 triliun (56,7 persen dari PDB). Jumlah unit usaha UMKM pada tahun 2003 mencapai 42,4 juta, sedangkan jumlah tenaga kerja yang bekerja di sektor ini tercatat 79,0 juta pekerja. Pertumbuhan PDB UMKM periode 2000 – 2003 ternyata lebih tinggi daripada total PDB, yang sumbangan pertumbuhannya lebih besar dibandingkan dengan Usaha Besar.
Perkembangan sektor UMKM yang demikian menyiratkan bahwa terdapat potensi yang besar atas kekuatan domestik, jika hal ini dapat dikelola dan dikembangkan dengan baik tentu akan dapat mewujudkan usaha menengah yang tangguh, seperti yang terjadi saat perkembangan usaha-usaha menengah di Korea Selatan dan Taiwan. Namun, disisi yang lain UMKM juga masih dihadapkan pada masalah mendasar yang secara garis besar mencakup: pertama, masih sulitnya akses UMKM pada pasar atas produk-produk yang dihasilkannya, kedua, masih lemahnya pengembangan dan penguatan usaha, serta ketiga, keterbatasan akses terhadap sumber-sumber pembiyaan dari lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal khususnya dari perbankan.
Keterbatasan akses sumber-sumber pembiayaan yang dihadapi oleh UMKM khususnya pelaku Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (UKM)3 terutama dari lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal seperti perbankan, menyebabkan mereka bergantung pada sumber-sumber informal. Bentuk dari sumber-sumber ini beraneka ragam mulai dari pelepas uang (rentenir) hingga berkembang dalam bentuk unit-unit simpan pinjam, koperasi dan bentuk-bentuk yang lain.
Dalam perkembangannya, lembaga-lembaga keuangan informal ini lebih mengena di kalangan pelaku UKM karena sifatnya yang lebih fleksibel, misalnya dalam hal persyaratan dan jumlah pinjaman yang tidak seketat persyaratan perbankan maupun keluwesan pada pencairan kredit. Hal ini merupakan salah satu indikator bahwa keberadaan lembaga-lembaga keuangan informal sesuai dengan kebutuhan pelaku UKM, yang umumnya membutuhkan pembiayaan sesuai skala dan sifat usaha kecil. Keberadaan lembaga-lembaga keuangan informal ini kemudian disebut sebagai Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (LKM).
Namun sangat disayangkan, bahwa keberadaan LKM belum mendapat tempat yang jelas dalam perekonomian nasional sebagaimana lembaga keuangan lainnya seperti perbankan (termasuk didalamnya BRI unit dan BPR), asuransi, perusahaan pembiayaan. Keberadaan perbankan telah diatur secara jelas dalam Arsitektur Perbankan Indonesia (API) dengan Bank Indonesia sebagai motor penggeraknya, bahkan terdapat penjaminan oleh pemerintah berupa Lembaga Penjamin Simpanan (LPS) yang semakin mengukuhkan keberadaan perbankan. Kondisi ini akan jauh berbeda bila dibandingkan dengan keberadaan LKM yang telah jelas mempunyai kontribusi pada pelaku UKM yang peranannya dalam PDB sangat besar.
Upaya pengentasan kemiskinan yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah selama ini lebih menitikberatkan bentuk-bentuk transfer atau subsidi, padahal dalam rantai kemiskinan tidak selalu harus diatasi dengan cara tersebut. Aspek yang lebih penting adalah memutus mata rantai kemiskinan yang dapat dilakukan antara lain dengan memberikan akses yang lebih luas kepada masyarakat miskin menjadi produktif, yang dalam pepatah disebut “jangan berikan umpannya tapi berikanlah kailnya”, sehingga sangat relevan jika mengupayakan LKM sebagai salah satu pilar sistem keuangan nasional.


1.2 Perumusan Masalah

Kondisi tersebut di atas jika berjalan terus, maka secara langsung maupun tidak langsung akan mempengaruhi upaya pemerintah dalam menekan angka kemiskinan. Karena pelaku UKM pada dasarnya adalah lapisan masyarakat yang ditinjau dari besaran pendapatan lebih berpotensi mendekati masyarakat miskin, namun mereka masih mempunyai kemauan untuk melakukan usaha produktif. Jika UKM terus mendapat hambatan dalam berusaha - termasuk kesulitan mengaskes sumber-sumber pembiayaan – maka potensi menjadi masyarakat miskin akan menjadi kenyataan.
Berdasarkan kondisi tersebut, sangat penting upaya untuk menjawab bagaimana memperluas akses-akses pembiayaan bagi para pelaku UKM dan pada saat yang bersamaan peranan LKM terus berkembang sekaligus mampu menjawab kebutuhan UKM walaupun porsinya masih terbatas. Pertanyaan penelitian yang diangkat dalam tulisan ini adalah:
(1) Bagaimana menjadikan LKM semakin berkembang bahkan menjadi salah satu pilar dari sistem keuangan nasional?
(2) Bagaimana meningkatkan peran LKM dalam mendukung pemberdayaan UKM?


1.3 Tujuan Penulisan

Tujuan yang diinginkan dalam tulisan ini meliputi:
1. Menganalisis peranan LKM sebagai sumber pembiayaan UKM,
2. Menganalisis potensi dan permasalahan LKM yang dapat dijadikan sebagai dasar pengembangan di masa depan, yang memungkinkan menjadi salah satu pilar sistem keuangan nasional.


1.4 Sumber Data dan Metodologi

Data yang digunakan dalam tulisan ini bersumber dari publikasi Badan Pusat Statistik, Kementerian Koperasi dan Usaha Kecil Menengah, Bank Indonesia, Pegadaian, Pusat Inkubasi Bisnis Usaha Kecil (Pinbuk) serta sumber lainnya yang terkait. Sementara alat analisis yang dipakai adalah bersifat deskriptif. Studi kepustakaan, baik yang berasal dari buku teks maupun jurnal/majalah merupakan sumber yang sangat penting, begitu pula diskusi dengan teman seprofesi guna mempertajam analisisnya.

BAB II

Kerangka Teoritis dan Pengembangan Hipotesis


2.1 Kaitan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro dengan Kemiskinan

Lembaga keuangan mempunyai fungsi sebagai intermediasi dalam aktifitas suatu perekonomian. Jika fungsi ini berjalan baik, maka lembaga keuangan tersebut dapat menghasilkan nilai tambah. Aktifitas ekonomi disini tidak membedakan antara usaha yang dilaksanakan tersebut besar atau kecil, karena yang membedakan hanya besarnya nilai tambah berdasarkan skala usaha. Hal ini berarti bahwa usaha kecilpun jika memanfaatkan lembaga keuangan juga akan memberikan kenaikan nilai tambah, sehingga upaya meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat salah satunya dapat dilakukan dengan cara yang produktif dengan memanfaatkan jasa intermediasi lembaga keuangan, termasuk usaha produktif yang dilakukan oleh masyarakat miskin.
Pengentasan kemiskinan dapat dilaksanakan melalui banyak sarana dan program baik yang bersifat langsung maupun tak langsung. Usaha ini dapat berupa transfer payment dari pemerintah misalnya, program pangan, kesehatan, pemukiman, pendidikan, keluarga berencana, maupun usaha yang bersifat produktif misalnya melalui pinjaman dalam bentuk micro credit.
Secara hipotesis, kaitan antara pemberdayaan kredit mikro dengan upaya pengentasan kemiskinan merupakan pintu masuk relatif mudah bagi orang yang akan menjadi pengusaha pemula. Jika pengusaha pemula ini tumbuh dan berkembang akan terentaskan karena menjadi pengusaha atau karena trickle down effect dari semakin banyaknya pengusaha mikro (Krisna Wijaya: 2005).
Menurut Marguiret Robinson (2000), pinjaman dalam bentuk micro credit merupakan salah satu upaya yang ampuh dalam menangani kemiskinan. Hal tersebut didasarkan bahwa pada masyarakat miskin sebenarnya terdapat perbedaan klasifikasi diantara mereka, yang mencakup: pertama, masyarakat yang sangat miskin (the extreme poor) yakni mereka yang tidak berpenghasilan dan tidak memiliki kegiatan produktif, kedua, masyarakat yang dikategorikan miskin namun memiliki kegiatan ekonomi (economically active working poor), dan ketiga, masyarakat yang berpenghasilan rendah (lower income) yakni mereka yang memiliki penghasilan meskipun tidak banyak. Kategori ini dapat dilihat pada Gambar 1. Pendekatan yang dipakai dalam rangka pengentasan kemiskinan tentu berbeda-beda untuk ketiga kelompok masyarakat tersebut agar sasaran pengentasan kemiskinan tercapai. Bagi kelompok pertama akan lebih tepat jika digunakan pendekatan langsung berupa program pangan, subsidi atau penciptaan lapangan pekerjaan. Sedangkan bagi kelompok kedua dan ketiga, lebih efektif jika digunakan pendekatan tidak langsung misalnya penciptaan iklim yang kondusif bagi pengembangan UKM, pengembangan berbagai jenis pinjaman mikro atau mensinergikan UKM dengan para pelaku Usaha Menengah maupun Besar.


2.2 Lembaga Keuangan Mikro

Menurut definisi yang dipakai dalam Microcredit Summit (1997), kredit mikro adalah program pemberian kredit berjumlah kecil ke warga paling miskin untuk membiayai proyek yang dia kerjakan sendiri agar menghasilkan pendapatan, yang memungkinkan mereka peduli terhadap diri sendiri dan keluarganya, “programmes extend small loans to very poor for self-employment projects that generate income, allowing them to care for themselves and their families” (Kompas, 15 Maret 2005). Sedangkan Bank Indonesia mendefinisikan kredit mikro merupakan kredit yang diberikan kepada para pelaku usaha produktif baik perorangan maupun kelompok yang mempunyai hasil penjualan paling banyak seratus juta rupiah per tahun.
Lembaga keuangan yang terlibat dalam penyaluran kredit mikro umumnya disebut Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (LKM). Menurut Asian Development Bank (ADB), lembaga keuangan mikro (microfinance) adalah lembaga yang menyediakan jasa penyimpanan (deposits), kredit (loans), pembayaran berbagai transaksi jasa (payment services) serta money transfers yang ditujukan bagi masyarakat miskin dan pengusaha kecil (insurance to poor and low-income households and their microenterprises). Sedangkan bentuk LKM dapat berupa: (1) lembaga formal misalnya bank desa dan koperasi, (2) lembaga semiformal misalnya organisasi non pemerintah, dan (3) sumber-sumber informal misalnya pelepas uang.

LKM di Indonesia menurut Bank Indonesia dibagi menjadi dua kategori yaitu LKM yang berwujud bank serta non bank. LKM yang berwujud bank adalah BRI Unit Desa, BPR dan BKD (Badan Kredit Desa). Sedangkan yang bersifat non bank adalah koperasi simpan pinjam (KSP), unit simpan pinjam (USP), lembaga dana kredit pedesaan (LDKP), baitul mal wattanwil (BMT), lembaga swadaya masyarakat (LSM), arisan, pola pembiayaan Grameen, pola pembiayaan ASA, kelompok swadaya masyarakat (KSM), dan credit union. Meskipun BRI Unit Desa dan BPR dikategorikan sebagai LKM, namun akibat persyaratan peminjaman menggunakan metode bank konvensional, pengusaha mikro kebanyakan masih kesulitan mengaksesnya.


BAB III


Analisis Perkembangan LKM dan UKM dalam Memutus Mata Rantai Kemiskinan
Menganalisis keberadaan LKM tidak terlepas perkembangan UKM dan perkembangan LKM itu sendiri di Indonesia. Keberadaan LKM muncul seiiring dengan pesatnya aktifitas UKM namun di sisi lain dihadapkan pada kendala keterbatasan mengakses sumber-sumber pembiayaan dari lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal. Pembahasan disini akan diawali dengan perkembangan UKM, kemudian dilanjutkan dengan darimana UKM memperoleh sumber-sumber permodalan, perkembangan LKM dan diakhiri dengan uraian potensi dan permasalahan LKM di masa mendatang.


3.1 Perkembangan UKM

Berdasarkan Data BPS tahun 2005, kondisi UKM periode 2001 sampai 2004 menunjukkan perkembangan positif. Selama periode ini, kontribusi UKM terhadap produk domestik bruto rata-rata mencapai 56,04 persen. Secara sektoral aktivitas UKM ini mendominasi sektor pertanian, bangunan, perdagangan, hotel dan restoran (Tabel 1). Sektor-sektor ini merupakan sektor yang paling banyak menyerap tenaga kerja.
Kemampuan sektor usaha dalam menciptakan nilai tambah sangat berbeda antara satu kelompok usaha dengan lainnya dan mencerminkan karakteristik masing-masing pelaku usaha. Data BPS tahun 2005, menunjukkan bahwa dari jumlah 43,22 juta unit UKM tahun 2004 meningkat 1,61 persen dibandingkan dengan tahun 2003, dan jumlah ini merupakan bagian terbesar pelaku usaha di Indonesia. Sementara tenaga kerja yang diserap oleh UKM tahun 2004 mencapai 70,92 juta orang, turun 0,25 persen dibandingkan tahun 2003.
Perkembangan kontribusi UKM dan kemampuannya dalam menyerap tenaga kerja selama periode diatas menggambarkan produktivitas pelaku UKM. Produktivitas Usaha Kecil sebesar Rp10,37 juta per tenaga kerja tahun 2003, meningkat cukup besar pada tahun 2004 menjadi Rp11,57 juta per tenaga kerja. Sementara itu produktivitas kelompok Usaha Menengah dan Besar pada tahun 2003 masing-masing sebesar Rp33,70 juta dan Rp1,87 miliar per tenaga kerja per tahun. Pada tahun 2004 besaran ini meningkat masing-masing menjadi Rp38,71 juta dan Rp2,22 miliar per tenaga kerja per tahun.
Dari uraian diatas, terlihat bahwa masing-masing kelompok usaha memiliki keunggulan komparatif dan saling melengkapi satu dengan lainnya. Kelompok Usaha Besar memiliki potensi sebagai motor pertumbuhan, sementara kelompok Usaha Kecil sebagai penyeimbang pemerataan dan penyerapan tenaga kerja. Namun, hal ini juga memperlihatkan bahwa unit-unit usaha kecil dan menengah pada umumnya masih menjadi sandaran hidup masyarakat kecil yang jumlahnya besar.
Dalam kaitannya dengan pemanfaatan sumber-sumber pembiayaan UKM masih menunjukkan perkembangan yang bervariasi. Data Survei Usaha Tertintegrasi (SUSI) yang dilakukan oleh BPS pada tahun 2001, menunjukkan bahwa dari 14.660.645 UKM yang tidak berbadan hukum, tercatat 2.131.810 UKM yang memanfaatkan pinjaman dalam upaya mendukung proses pengembangan usahanya. Sumber – sumber permodalan yang tersedia bagi UKM dikategorikan dalam perbankan, koperasi, lembaga keuangan non bank, modal ventura, perorangan, keluarga/famili, dan lain-lain. Dari total UKM yang memanfaatkan pinjaman, sumber pinjaman yang berasal dari lain-lain masih menduduki posisi teratas dalam memberikan pelayanan terhadap kebutuhan permodalan UKM yaitu sebanyak 639.688 UKM atau 30,01 persen, koperasi mampu memberikan pelayanan kepada 84.037 UKM atau 3,94 persen, selebihnya adalah dari sumber perorangan sebanyak 605.191 UKM atau 28,39 persen; perbankan sebanyak 361.688 UKM atau 16,97 persen; keluarga/famili sebanyak 350.419 UKM atau 16,44 persen; lembaga keuangan non bank sebanyak 74.785 UKM atau 3,51 persen dan modal ventura sebanyak 16.002 UKM atau 0,75 persen.
Sedangkan pada survei yang dilakukan pada tahun 2002, hasilnya menunjukkan adanya perubahan dibandingkan tahun 2001 dimana sumber permodalan koperasi tercatat mampu memberikan pelayanan kepada 101.025 UKM atau mengalami peningkatan sebesar 20,21 persen. Perorangan sebanyak 742.326 UKM atau mengalami peningkatan sebesar 22,66 persen, Keluarga/famili sebanyak 413.174 UKM atau mengalami peningkatan sebesar 17,91 persen.
Pembiayaan yang bersumber dari lembaga keuangan non bank sebanyak 82.962 UKM atau mengalami peningkatan sebesar 10,93 persen, perbankan sebanyak 385.383 UKM atau mengalami peningkatan sebesar 6,55 persen dan sumber permodalan lainnya sebanyak 661.629 UKM atau mengalami peningkatan sebesar 3,43 persen. Sedangkan sumber permodalan yang berasal dari modal ventura mengalami penurunan dari tahun sebelumnya hingga mencapai 50,18 persen yaitu dari 16.002 UKM menjadi 7.972 UKM. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa sebagian besar UKM belum tersentuh oleh lembaga-lembaga keuangan
Sedangkan dilihat dari lembaga keuangan formal yang identik dengan perbankan, pemberian berbagai kredit untuk membantu permodalan UKM sangat kecil persentasenya jika dibandingkan dengan jumlah kredit yang diberikan kepada pelaku Usaha Besar. Bahkan dalam rentang tahun 2000 sampai dengan 2004 kredit yang diberikan kepada UMKM porsinya semakin mengecil (Lihat Tabel 3). Hal ini semakin memperjelas bahwa hanya menggantungkan sumber pembiayaan dari lembaga keuangan formal tidak akan mampu mengembangkan UKM, oleh karena itu perlu dikembangkan alternatif sumber-sumber pembiayaan yang mampu menjawab kebutuhan UKM yaitu LKM.

3.2 Perkembangan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro dan Permasalahannya

Perkembangan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (LKM) terjadi seiring dengan perkembangan UKM serta masih banyaknya hambatan UKM dalam mengakses sumber-sumber pembiayaan dari lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal. Selain itu berkembangnya LKM juga tidak terlepas dari karakterisitik LKM yang memberikan kemudahan kepada pelaku UKM dalam mengakses sumber-sumber pembiayaan.
Walaupun biaya atas dana pinjaman dari LKM lebih tinggi sedikit dari tingkat bunga perbankan, LKM memberikan kelebihan misalnya berupa tiadanya jaminan/agunan seperti yang dipersyaratkan oleh perbankan bahkan dalam beberapa jenis LKM pinjaman didasarkan pada kepercayaan karena biasanya peminjam beserta aktivitasnya sudah dikenal oleh LKM, kemudahan yang lain adalah pencairan dan pengembalian pinjaman yang fleksibel yang juga sering disesuaikan dengan cash flow peminjam.
Jenis LKM lebih banyak didominasi oleh Unit Simpan Pinjam (USP), namun dari aspek besarnya perputaran pinjaman lebih didominasi oleh perbankan yaitu BRI Unit dan BPR. Hal ini terjadi karena skim kredit yang ditawarkan oleh BRI Unit dan BPR lebih besar daripada USP.


3.3 Dampak Keberadaan LKM Dalam Memutus Mata Rantai Kemiskinan

Sebagaimana diketahui bahwa pinjaman mikro dapat digunakan membantu UKM dalam mengakses sumber-sumber pembiayaan, dan karakteristik UKM jika dilihat dari aspek pendapatan lebih mendekati kelompok masyarakat yang dikategorikan miskin namun memiliki kegiatan ekonomi (economically active working poor) dan masyarakat yang berpenghasilan rendah (lower income) yakni mereka yang memiliki penghasilan meskipun tidak banyak. Kelompok masyarakat ini akan cenderung tetap berpenghasilan rendah bahkan menjadi miskin, jika kesulitan yang mereka hadapi dalam melakukan aktifitas usaha tetap dibiarkan tanpa ada usaha-usaha perbaikan.
Keberadaan LKM yang relatif mampu menjawab kesulitan tersebut ternyata selaras dengan perkembangan UKM. Walaupun kontribusi dalam pembiayaan dalam skala nasional masih kecil dibandingkan dengan peran lembaga perbankan formal, namun terdapat potensi yang besar yang dapat dimanfaatkan LKM untuk memperbesar perannya dalam pembiayaan UKM yang ditunjukkan dengan masih banyak jumlah UKM yang belum memanfaatkan akses pembiayaan dari lembaga keuangan serta masih sulitnya akses pembiayaan dari lembaga perbankan. Sehingga tumpuan terbesar adalah LKM.
Data pada tabel 1 dan gambar 1 diatas menunjukkan bahwa jumlah UKM yang berjumlah 42 jutaan ternyata yang menikmati akses permodalan dari lembaga-lembaga keuangan baik perbankan maupun LKM hanya sebesar 22,14 persen. Jika jumlah UKM yang belum memanfaatkan kredit mikro sekitar 30 jutaan unit, misalnya satu persen-nya memanfaatkan kredit mikro rata-rata sebesar Rp 2 juta maka akan muncul potensi permintaan kredit mikro total sebesar 0,3 juta unit x Rp 2 juta = Rp 600 triliun. Jumlah ini tentu tidak semuanya dimanfaatkan oleh lembaga perbankan, tetapi akan lebih banyak melalui LKM. Selain jumlah pasar kredit mikro yang masih luas, potensi yang masih besar bagi LKM adalah karakterisitik dari LKM itu sendiri. LKM umumnya dalam penyaluran kreditnya menyesuaikan dengan kondisi masyarakat setempat.
Jika contoh diatas dijalankan, maka akan membawa effect multiplier yang luar biasa karena akan dapat menggerakkan roda perekonomian. Bergulirnya aktivitas UKM akan meningkatkan proses produksi, menyerap tenaga kerja, dan pada akhirnya akan meningkatkan pendapatan kalangan pelaku UKM. Dan pada akhirnya akan meningkatkan pendapatan masyarakat miskin.

3.4 Upaya-upaya Pemecahan Masalah
Berpijak pada kondisi dan permasalahan LKM diatas, maka upaya-upaya yang dapat dilakukan guna mengembangkan LKM dan bahkan menjadikannya sebagai bagian dari sistem keuangan nasional yang mencakup.

3.4.1 Memperkuat kelembagaan LKM
Keberadaan LKM tersebar di berbagai bidang dengan instansi pembina yang berbeda-beda mulai dari Bank Indonesia, Departemen/Dinas Perkoperasian dan UKM hingga pemerintah daerah. Kondisi ini terjadi karena belum ada ketentuan yang mengatur secara jelas keberadaan LKM, walaupun ada masih parsial. Kelembagaan ini sangat penting karena secara hukum akan melandasi operasional mereka, namun harus dihindari dengan adanya ketentuan akan menghambat perkembangan LKM itu sendiri. Upaya yang saat ini sedang dilakukan oleh pemerintah dengan merancang Rancangan Undang-Undang tentang LKM hendaknya dilakukan secara intensif dan mendalam dalam arti muatan RUU ini harus mencerminkan karakteristik LKM di Indonesia, agar tujuan yang diinginkan tercapai.
Aspek lain yang perlu diperhatikan, bahwa LKM sebagaimana lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal lainnya menempatkan faktor kepercayaan sebagai hal yang utama dalam perekonomian. Jika Bank Indonesia mempunyai Arsitektur Perbankan Indonesia (API) sebagai blue print dalam mengembangkan dan memperkuat lembaga perbankan menjadi industri keuangan yang tangguh, maka pemerintah hendaknya juga memiliki blue print yang sama dalam pengembangan dan penguatan industri LKM. Kenyataan menunjukkan industri perbankan yang tangguh tidak otomatis mengangkat UKM menjadi lebih besar, karena sangat sedikit porsi pembiayaan yang disediakan untuk pelaku UKM.
Bila LKM sudah diarahkan untuk menjadi lebih kuat, maka harus dilanjutkan dengan dukungan yang lain, misalnya banyak LKM yang mengandalkan penerimaannya dari sumber-sumber pihak ketiga yang mayoritas dari perorangan. Untuk memberi rasa aman dan percaya masyarakat kepada eksistensi LKM wajar jika pemerintah memberikan jaminan atas uang yang telah ditempatkan masyarakat kepada LKM, misalnya semacam jaminan atas simpanan yang ditempatkan para nasabah di lembaga perbankan. Begitu pula dengan kredit yang telah disalurkan kepada masyarakat.

3.4.2 Komitmen dalam Memperkuat UKM
Perkembangan LKM pada dasarnya mengikuti perkembangan aktifitas usaha para pelaku UKM, jika UKM semakin menghasilkan nilai tambah yang semakin besar maka kebutuhan akan pembiayaan bagi UKM semakin besar pula yang berarti pasar usaha LKM semakin terbuka luas. Sehingga usaha-usaha untuk memperkuat UKM menjadi bagian yang tidak terpisahkan jika menginginkan LKM semakin kuat.
Sebagaimana diawal telah diungkapkan, masalah pokok UKM mencakup pertama, masih sulitnya akses UMKM pada pasar atas produk-produk yang dihasilkannya, kedua, masih lemahnya pengembangan dan penguatan usaha, serta ketiga, keterbatasan akses terhadap sumber-sumber pembiyaan dari lembaga-lembaga keuangan formal khususnya dari perbankan. Masalah pertama dan kedua yang akan menjadi pusat perhatian, upaya untuk membuka pasar secara luas terhadap produk-produk UKM merupakan hal yang utama. Begitu pula upaya-upaya pendampingan dalam penguatan dan pengembangan usaha UKM masih terbuka untuk dijalankan.

BAB IV

PENUTUP


4.1 Kesimpulan

Berdasarkan uraian diatas, maka kesimpulan yang bisa diketengahkan adalah sebagai berikut :
1. Upaya pengentasan kemiskinan dapat dilakukan dengan memutus mata rantai kemiskinan itu sendiri, antara lain dengan memperluas akses Usaha Kecil dan Mikro (UKM) dalam mendapatkan fasilitas permodalan yang tidak hanya bersumber dari lembaga keuangan formal tapi juga dari Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (LKM).
2. LKM ternyata mampu memberikan berbagai jenis pembiayaan kepada UKM walaupun tidak sebesar lembaga keuangan formal, sehingga dapat menjadi alternatif pembiayaan yang cukup potensial mengingat sebagian besar pelaku UKM belum memanfaatkan lembaga-lembaga keuangan.
3. Potensi yang cukup besar tersebut belum dapat dimanfaatkan secara optimal, karena LKM masih menghadapi berbagai kendala dan keterbatasan antara lain
aspek kelembagaan yang tumpang tindih, keterbatasan sumber daya manusia dalam pengelolaan LKM dan kecukupan modal,
4. Upaya untuk menguatkan dan mengembangkan LKM sebagai salah satu pilar sistem keuangan nasional, diantaranya yang mendesak adalah menuntaskan RUU tentang LKM agar terdapat kejelasan dalam pengembangan LKM. Serta komitmen pemerintah dalam memperkuat UKM sebagai bagian tidak terpisahkan dari pengembangan LKM

4.2 Saran

Sedangkan saran yang relevan dengan pengembangan LKM mencakup:
1. Perlunya strategi jangka panjang yang jelas dalam pengembangan LKM baik cetak biru maupun kelembagaannya sebagaimana strategi yang telah berjalan pada industri perbankan, mengingat kontribusi LKM yang cukup besar dalam pengembangan UKM
2. Perlunya pendalaman dan pengkajian yang lebih intensif tentang karakteristik LKM di Indonesia, agar RUU tentang LKM yang dihasilkan nanti akan menjadikan LKM semakin berkembang dan tangguh bukan sebaliknya.

Daftar Pustaka

Darwin (Penyunting), Model-Model Pemberdayaan Usaha Kecil dan Menengah, Pusat Penelitian Ekonomi – LIPI, Jakarta, 2003.
Didin Wahyudin, Key Succes Factors In MicroFinancing, paper pada Diskusi Panel Microfinance Revolution: “Future Perspective for Indonesian Market”, Jakarta, 7 Desember 2004.
Djoko Retnadi, Menengok Kebijakan UMKM di Malaysia, Kompas, Sabtu, 16 Oktober 2004.
Iman Sugema, The Next Revolution, paper pada Diskusi Panel Microfinance Revolution: “Future Perspective for Indonesian Market”, Jakarta, 7 Desember 2004.
Krisna Wijaya, “Kredit Mikro Bukan Hibah”, Harian Kompas, Selasa, 1 Maret 2005.
Nopirin, Ekonomi Moneter, Penerbit BPFE-Yogyakarta, 1990.
Marquerite S. Robinson, 1993, Beberapa Strategi yang Berhasil Untuk Mengembangkan Bank Pedesaan: Pengalaman dengan Bank Rakyat Indonesia 1970 – 1990, dalam Bunga Rampai Pembiayaan Pertanian Pedesaan, Sugianto (Ed.), Penerbit Institut Bankir Indonesia, Jakarta.
Michael P. Todaro, Pembangunan Ekonomi di Dunia Ketiga, Terjemahan, Edisi Ketujuh, Penerbit Erlangga, Jakarta, 2000.
Setyo Budiantoro, 2003, RUU Lembaga Keuangan Mikro: Jangan Jauhkan Lembaga Keuangan Dari Masyarakat, Jurnal Keuangan Rakyat Tahun II, Nomor 8, Nopember 2003, Yogyakarta.
Rudjito, 2003, Peran Lembaga Keuangan Mikro Dalam Otonomi Daerah Guna Menggerakkkan Ekonomi Rakyat dan Menanggulangi Kemiskinan: Studi Kasus Bank Rakyat Indonesia, Jurnal Keuangan Rakyat Tahun II, Nomor 1, Maret 2003, Jogjakarta


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          ZEITGEIST - The Movie :: The Omissions        
ZEITGEIST - The Movie :: The Omissions I did not make this 777slickrick777 made this videoZEITGEIST - The Movie fails to mention the occult or satanic rituals that the men behind the curtain seem to practice.To know the whole truth watch also:Shadows in motion - Exposing the New World Orderhttp://video.google.com/videoplay?doc...Iron Mountain: Blue Print for Tyrannyhttp://video.google.ca/videoplay?doci...Last Days Documentary As To Things To Happen According To The Biblehttp://video.google.com/videoplay?doc...David Rivera: Final Warning - A History of the New World Orderhttp://video.google.com/videoplay?doc...The Nephilim Return 2011http://video.google.com/videoplay?doc...Alien abductions explained: UFOs & the Bible in history & in prophecy-Featurehttp://video.google.ca/videoplay?doci...Mormons and the illuminatihttp://video.google.com/videoplay?doc...Chinese Secret Society Threatens Illuminatihttp://video.google.com/videoplay?doc...Jordan Maxwell Exposes The Illuminatihttp://video.google.com/videoplay?doc...Megid

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          Me and My Sister-in-Law (Part 3)        
Apart from drinking, we also danced quite a bit that night; this was because my wife loves disco dancing. She would pull my hand for dance whenever nice sounds were played and I would in turn grab Patsy’s hand and drag her along. We danced very closely and both my wife and Patsy were totally freeing themselves with moves that were very seductive. We got really tipsy and high, there was enough of holding, hugging and cheek kisses and certainly we were like floating. Patsy would deliberately tease me with close body contacts rubbing her body against mine in tandem with the music, my wife would do likewise from the other side. Then came this moment where Patsy would deliberately come to my front, shake her gorgeous body teasing me with her bouncy boobs, she would then give me that kind of dreamy eyes, horny smile, CFM looks.

My dick would steepen without reservation, and because the music beats were quick, I found myself and Patsy dancing literally like hopping to the rhythm with lots of fun, seeing my wife dancing behind Patsy and was looking at the DJ direction, I suddenly couldn’t hold myself together and hopped towards Patsy to embraced her uncontrollably, both hands caresses her back followed by going down to grab and squeeze her perky butt cheek and press her lower half against my already solid hard cock. She looked at me, noticed what she was feeling below then hugged me with her boobs closely pressing against me like I was her dearest. I gave her a quick pet kiss on her cheek then distanced our bodies just in time for my wife to join us in the dance again.

Shortly after, my wife wanted a break; she held my left hand and gave me a tug to signal she wants to stop. She then pulls me out from dancing as I grabbed Patsy hand pulling her along. We were holding hands in a line when I felt Patsy applying energy to my palm, squeezing it. Hmmmmm... what was Patsy signaling me?

At our seats, my wife went over to Patsy to ask if she would like to join her to the ladies. Surprisingly, Patsy chose not to and my wife then left on her own. Patsy and I are still panting heavily from the dance and still highly intoxicated. I curved my fingers under the dark surrounding with intermittent light flashes for her to come over. She moved over, slightly unstable and sat her butt between my spread laps. My big head was no longer rationale at this point, whilst my small head gradually swells. I placed my hand on her warm, blushed cheek, stared deeply into her eyes without a blink. The moment my palm caressed her ear, she planted a deep heavy kiss on my lips. I was stunned, caught by surprise and concern that my wife might see this. She held on to her kiss and was gradually opening her lips, slowly closing her eyes, her palm and fingers caressing my thigh as she insert her tongue challenging me for frenching. I took her on and soon our tongues were interlocking as we gave each other heavy kisses that came with strong sucking. I then squeezed her butt gently to distract the indulgence and a reminder that her sister could be back anytime. She slowly and gently parted her lips from mine, then muttered, “Kingston, you are driving me crazy tonight”. I replied, “you were naughty too, but I love it!” as we both broke into laughters. She pinched me on my thigh and slowly stood up from my lap then moved over to the other side of the table, lighting herself a cigarette, waiting for her sis/my wife to return.

My name is Kingston, she would sometimes call me King and I would call her Pat, in short.

The 2nd happened about 2 months after our disco night.

My mum-in-law on that occasion wanted to visit Kusu Island for her annual prayer on a Saturday and wanted us to stay over on Friday after work to help her with the preparation of the food, paper-offerings which are traditions of the Chinese Taoist.

My wife and i went back to our nest after work on Friday, had our dinner, shower, changed and pack the essentials for the trip, then left for my in-law place at about 9.30pm. When we arrived, I found both Pilot and Patsy were not at home and were on flight. Pilot is to return next Wednesday and Patsy on Monday.

My wife and I quickly settled in, this time I can sleep in her brother’s room while she would use her Sister’s. We were helping mum with the folding of papers stuff at about 11.30pm when a colleague of mine called. An ongoing project that I was overseeing got some hiccups and my presence at the Exhibition Centre was needed to resolve some technical issues.

I left my in-law’s place and promised to be back at soonest. My wife passed me her set of keys incase I am late. I could return only around 7am when they were already preparing to leave for Kusu Island. My mum-in-law suggested I better stay behind to get some sleep and my wife said likewise. I would of course asked if it was manageable for them, which leads to my wife teasing, “of course can la, I will get handsome guys to help me if needed, don’t worry” finishing with a cheeky smile. She then kissed me on my lips saying, “go washup and have a good rest!”, “you take care, okay” I replied, kissing her cheek, then off they went.

It was already 9.30am after I brushed my teeth, did my shower and had a rather heavy breakfast. I then proceeded to sleep and got up at around 1.30pm awaken by noise from the hall. I dragged my legs walking out to investigate. To my astonishment I saw Patsy in the kitchen, she was cooking something when she noticed me. “hey” she greeted with a sweet smile, “slept well? Why are you home alone, I suppose you should be with mum for Kusu?” she asked. “Yah, but I was held back by a damn project that screwed up, came back only early morning” I answered; then I saw a pack of virgina slim cigarette with lighter this time not far from her cooking area. I conveniently picked up 1 stick and lighted one. She then said, “hey, its no good to smoke immediate after you wake up and please don’t smoke so much la!” followed with a frown and expression of anger in the face. “you very loh soh like my wife” I said, smiling. “yah, you wished!” she said then grinned. “Ok la, don’t smoke, don’t smoke lor… I go have my wash up then” I mentioned...

Just after I stubbed out the cigarette and before I enter the toilet she asked, “I am cooking noodles, we share ok?”, “you know I always love to share with you wad… wahahaha” I responded laughing then I went into toilet while she grinned and said, “idiot”. There was total silent afterwards, only noises of Pat’s cooking. “I thought you are returning on Monday?” I kind of yelled from toilet, as I prepare to brush my teeth. “yup but the flight schedule changed not needing to fly London, so I return straight from Dubai.” She said. After awhile pause I said, “hey, I am happy to see you today”, “yah, whatever on your mind” she said followed with loud laughter. I went silent, lost for words and suddenly little Kingston got ‘fat”, damn!

Hearing silent from me, Patsy calls out, “hey, noodle is ready, come out soon”, “okay, soon, thanks” I replied.

By the time I was out, the 2 bowls of hot steamy noodle were already served on the coffee table. Patsy was back to her room with the door slightly ajar doing a phone call, I guessed. I went to the living area where the TV set, other sofas and coffee table were. I sat down on the double seater sofa which incidentally oversees Pat’s room and I carried on wiping my face with a towel; I was wearing a white singlet with a pair of loose bright blue jogging shorts. When Patsy finally came out, gosh, I almost fainted, my blood rushed up all at once, stunned with a blank mind and mouth automatically widen from what I saw. It was this moment that I really notice Pat’s attire this morning. She was on her sleeping wear; it was a single piece pure-white baggy pajamas; hanging on 2 half-inch transparent straps with blue prints of small flowery patterns on the translucent cloth and no buttons kind. Apparently, she wore it after showering by slipping the pajamas head-down, her hair was still showing slight wetness. The pajamas material was so fine, I could see her superb physical cleavage, the glorious breast ‘patches’ and a black sexy G undie all vividly.

As Patsy walked over, she was busy bundling her lightly wet hair revealing her slim, firm forearm, sexy shoulders and the underside of her neat armpit, I love the view of her armpit and shoulder area, very stimulating! Kanasai, little Kingston naturally hardened again… I quickly took a cushion to my lap, covering the tentage and bend over to consume the noodle that Pat had prepared for me. Pat sat down on the single seater sofa that was alongside and we ate along. From my angle, the profile of her body and her breast was obvious. I wonder if she knows I could see them or was it something she wants me to get familiar with given my status as someone ‘quite close’?

Anyway, as I was pondering, she was bending slightly forward to pickup the chopsticks and tucking-into the bowl. I was chewing my mouthful with my eyes scanning her assets on display at an angle. I witness vividly the profile of her boob; they were upright, firm, perky and ends with a sharply pointed nipple. I prevented looking at that angle any further after my both heads came to consensus that ‘they’ are no longer in control.

We finished our noodles quite quickly and were sitting back when Patsy asked, “want some wine?”. “so early?” I replied, “no la, anyway they should be home shortly” I muttered. “okay” she said, knowing what I meant. “you join me for coffee want?” she asked, my facial gesture responded to her suggestion with approval “sounds great!” I said. “okay, I want you to sit right here and relax while I go prepare” she suggested. She then stood up, bent over and started packing the bowls, clearing and wiping the coffee table. While bending down, at one angle her pajamas collar drops hollow, revealing her wholesome breast completely, they were dangling sweetly downwards and for the first time I got to see Patsy’s pinkish light-brown little nipples without any layer over em’. kanasai la, really very, very song leh!

Patsy stag the bowls together then turned to the kitchen. As she walked towards the kitchen, I had my both arms over my head, sat back and enjoyed the sights of Patsy mesmerizing body from the back, with the prominence of the butt cheek walking, highlighted by the overlaying black G-string. Her entire body proportion was like a bottle, spectacular and gorgeous view when she did her SQ trained walking.

I took a short nap after she disappeared into the kitchen. She returned shortly with the coffees, an ashtray and her pack of cigarette. I asked,” I thought family rule says we cant smoke in hall?”. She answered,” on occasion we can have discreet compromises isn’t it?” then giggled like a playful kid. “just make sure the windows are completely opened and get the fan to blow this direction” guiding me with an indicative hand direction. I stood up and went swiftly to retrieve my own brand of cigarette and gotten the fan to the plug and made it blew exactly the direction Patsy wants.

I went back to the coffee table, this time I sat on the floor with my back leaning on the sofa, while Patsy would sit on the sofa with her legs crossed. I sipped on my coffee, then lighted a cigarette when Pat suggested we should share the cigarette or else it would be very smokey; we were passing our cigarette from lips to lips after that, puffing and enjoying ourselves with inhales.

“so, hows life?” Pat asked.
“u mean me and Winnie (my wife’s name)?” I uttered.
Pat: “yup”
Me: “well, busy and tired …. taking procession of house, rushing the renovation, shopping for furnitures blah, blah blah…”
Pat: “yah, I am wary of moving too”
Me: “but its ok now, after settling in everything was surprising ok and pretty good to have own privacy for awhile”
Pat: “yah, I can understand that, I would like to have our (pilot and her) own too when we identify a good unit.”
Me: “yah” with a grin
Pat: ”then we can be more active being alone” naughtily laughing
Me: “yah, yah, you and your wish of ‘toilet flush’, right!” I laughed even louder
Pat: “f-u-ck you” she muttered softly and punched me on my forearm then turned blushed
Me: “is he more pro-active now?” not giving her a chance to change the topic
Pat: she had a long paused, then said,”can we don’t talk bout this” she looked abit upset.
Me: “ok if you don’t feel good”
Pat: “actually I think he is trying hard, just in him I guess” muttering
Me: “nevermind, try encourage him, I heard frequent flying could be a major reason for the low drive”
Pat: “what drive?”
Me: “low sex drive la” I expressed, with paiseh looks
Pat: “yah, I know that too” then continued, “actually is not that, I just felt something is wrong with him, you know the woman’s 6th sense thing”
Me: “well, don’t imagine things… I think its just that you are having some plans for a baby and… heehehe probably you are one with higher sex drive”
Pat: “yah, as though you know me!” facial expression of pretended anger then pinch me on my thigh.

At this moment, My little Didi just swelled like a plane on auto mode.

As I was sitting with my right leg flat on the floor and the left arched, the erection was quite obvious to Patsy, cause ‘that’ area just bough out.

I started to pant heavier while Patsy stood motionless, pretending to act as though she didn’t notice the didi standing. She then fumbled trying to reach her cigarette on the coffee table, her quick nervous moves which requires her to uncross her legs made her spreaded her legs really wide, with me just sitting below looking up with amusement. I saw her nicely shaped thighs and black pantie with an obvious line-like mark recessing in along her glorious channel. Uncontrollably, there was noise coming from my throat “gorhhh” .

Patsy noticed what I saw, I then laughed quite loudly while she started blushing, I continued laughing till she finally got off her seat and knee down to the floor just next to me, yelling, “W-HAT!”, then started slapping my arm, then my chest repeatedly but softly. Shortly after, all the laughing and talking went dead and her palm was now on my chest. Our eyes took over the communications… we were staring into each others eyes. I guessed both our minds were asking the same question “what next, should we?”

I lost my rationale, my penis gotten so steep hard, it took procession of all the blood I had, leaving none for the big head to function properly. I reach out to My Sister-in-law’s hand, held and tug her over gently, “Pat… ”

Patsy tilted over, not so much as she was already quite near. I lifted my right hand to her hair, gently stroked them. Patsy did not stop me, then with a quick move, I released her hair clip, letting her bundled hair loose. Her eyes were extremely shiney and sparkling with wet appeals.

We sat quite motionless, only deep breathers, then Pat’s palm on my chest gradually moved. Her fingers were on top of my singlet just over my nipple, her caressing got more obvious with strength. Her eyes invited me over, I obeyed by tapping my lips on hers to check if I was reading her intention right. She didn’t object; we frenched. “we are naughty” I mumbled in the kissing, “I didn’t sleep last night, my mind is not thinking well, so don’t ask!” she answered softly with nervous laugh then tilted her head to suck me in my mouth. We embraced and her both hands were now behind my back holding me tightly, the kissing got vigorous.

While my hands were roaming Pat’s back, she begins likewise on mine too, both panting with excitement. I lower my right hand to pull up her pajamas, she didn’t object but helped me by sitting up for me to complete the act. She was sitting with her undie only with lower portion of the pajamas on her thigh afterwards. We were still very much kissing at this point but weaken as both of us were panting heavily now.

We slowed our kissing and stopped as I moved my body tilting to an angle to lay Patsy flat on the waxed parquet floor; it was a rather narrow gap between the sofa and the coffee table. Patsy lay down with my guiding and was lying on the floor breathing tightly, looking at me in the eyes with anticipations. I guess she was thrilled. We never utter a word throughout those moments; we want action to do the talking!

I placed my right palm on Patsy’s pajamas just above her pointing nipple and begin teasing it, Patsy shivered; She then sway her head away not wanting to show her blush as I increased my hand contact on her gorgeous blossom. Her facial expression looks to have changed from the initial teasing mode to current dreamy look.

I then lifted up her pajamas and started to tongue her breast. I could smell her delicate scent coming from her soft gentle skin. She jerked a little when my tongue came into contact with her spongy breast. I started sucking Pat’s breast from the bottom and she moaned very softly, containing her emotions. I then gave the lower breast my mouthful and sucked as she moaned now with purpose. Caressing on the other blossom commence when I advanced to tackle her nipple with my tongue. Using the tip, I started forming circles on my sister-in-law's nipple. Pat sway her head in protest, with her eyes noticeably closed enjoying the focused ‘confrontation’ on her glorious peak. I then gently bite on her nipple. She ‘ooouchhrghhh” followed with a frown pain facial expression and stared into my eyes while I gave her a naughty CFM grin. then naughtily I gave Patsy an unexpected hard suck on her nipple. She surrendered by falling back on her head swaying left to right, muttering from her throat, “ you--- idi-ot” “arrrhhh..”

Patsy tried reaching down to grab little Kingston, she must had been very horny at that time with the expression coming from her wishful lusty eyes, “weiii…. let me fe-e-l … I wanna hold you!”, and so I adjusted my lower body giving her the access to my penis area. Patsy stroked little Kingston gently from the surface of my shorts initially, then made friction rubbing with her palm on the shorts just above my solid hard shaft. When my dick gotten rock hard she would grab my dick’s shaft to make intermittent rough jerks synchronizing with the comfort she gets from my saliva-ish sucks on her breast.

Knowing she was high on her desire, I quickly deploy my left hand down to do diplomacy. Gliding my palm on her soft leather-like skin, the convoy of fingers marched passed Patsy’s tummy, and landed on her pantie. The area received my hand with lots of ‘warm’, I could feel the soggy patch as my fingers negotiated at the clitoris area, She must be damn horny by now!

I made my index finger identify Pat’s Clit outside the pantie and ‘approached’ it with circular attacks; her body had a slight sudden jerk and gave out natural moan of pleasure from her throat. Patsy reciprocated with vigorous hand shakes on me, wanting to explore my little Kingston to its maximum; wide and length! This ‘tactical retaliation’ from her really drove me nuts!

          A Laboratory for my rusty treasure.        
I am in love with my latest project.
  I started out with a rusty electric box thingy that I find out on a dog walk and I turned it into... 
A Miniature Steampunk Laboratory
inside view
Outside view with embossed flourishes.
Everything is made by hand using scrap pieces of metal, jewelry findings, and other odds and ends.
Here...lemme show off some more :)

The stool is made from a bottle cap.
The rug is from an upholstery sample I cut up and edged with a zig-zag and finished with paint.
The little blue prints...squeeee!
Check out the mousey skull that I found in an owl pellet last year. 
Perfect for my lab!

A steampunk invention of some sort on the desk.
And don't forget the inside door!


I had so much fun making this little laboratory.
I've had the electric box in my stash for a  year now, quietly waiting for the perfect idea.

When I saw that theme for the August Challenge at Sandee & Amelie's was "In the Laboratory" I knew I had the right project for my rusty treasure.
I do love it when things work out, the glue sticks, the pieces fit, etc!


 
I'm linking this project to:

Take this badge and display if you please!


          Bill Kappel starting Maloof style rocking chair class #1: Sam Maloof style rocking chair Class        

How to build a Custom Sculptured rocking chair

Lesson # 1
Here is the free class text you wanted. It is complete and you can build a rocker using it. If you are following along with the Web Class and are anxious to upload the new text before I am able to post it to the Web Class site you can send me an email bill@kappelusa.com and request the next lesson.
You now have three choices:
(1) Send me an email for the Free text in which case this Free text will give you all you need to know to build a rocker, but missing the pictures and seminar upgrades.
(2) Send me an email for the next Web Class lesson you are ready for by giving me the text item number you have advanced to which will let me know what material I should send next. I do it this way because I will often make changes for clarification as I once again read this material.
(3) On my web site at the ‘Supplies’ page click on PayPal, at the bottom, button for the entire, with pictures & upgrades, manual and or patterns with jigs.
Using case (3) will enable you to advance at your own pace. Also I will send you all future revisions to the Web Class as I make them. Send me your email address and I will email your choice selection to you. bill@kappelusa.com

Seminar on Sam Maloof style rocking chair.

If you find you would like all the pictures and the upgrade text as well as the daily ‘Story line’ then the full detailed manual is available on my ‘supplies’ page at www.kappelusa.com It comes in a ‘word’ document in two emails because the file is too large for one email. . I do ask a $10.95 donation for it.

The seminar text has a lot of pictures and some advance techniques or the latest changes I have made in making rocking chairs. It is the text I give to all my students when we make a rocker together.

You may like the full size patterns and jigs as well that are available on the same web page. These patterns are full size and you print them off on your printer. They are marked, in full size, so you can tape or glue the pages together to make your permanent wood patterns. These patterns & jigs are $10.95 for both

The ‘story line’ is used in my classes for the seminar students to easily follow the daily procedure of making a rocking chair. These students also have the full text to study.

For the most part this material is taken from the FREE text available on my web site at www.kappelusa.com with some added text changes.

I would like to explain that I am a woodworker with over 60 years of experience. The following information is good for woodworkers and all that you will need. This info is not intended as a fancy demonstration of drafting or book making. The text is detailed and complete, but little effort has been given to dress up the presentation with expensive fancy foot work like blue print drawings or commercial printing and pictures. Everything you need is here to make custom rocking chair even pictures are included.
What else would you want?

Copyright material, written permission from Bill Kappel is required for reproduction or commercial use of any part of this information.

How to build a Custom Sculptured rocking chair

Word of warning: I may sadly through ignorance, error, foolishness or carelessness advance various notions, which could lead to some undesirable health risk or accident. You who make the choice to follow these instructions are reminded that as free independent individuals you are responsible to appraise yourselves of ALL applicable safety precautions. If you choose to proceed with these instructions be advised I cannot be held responsible for your safety.

I will take you through a complete detailed instruction of how to build a custom sculptured rocking chair. Please view the gallery on this web site (www.kappelusa.com) for some of the styles I make to determine if this is what you are looking for. The instructions will cover every aspect of construction, as well as materials, tools, jigs, techniques, secrets of the trade, little known methods, short cuts, pictures and anything else helpful.

Because some may be novices I will give the reasoning along with the procedure for many of the undertakings.

I have posted a few announcements to bulletin board forums, so as soon as we get a reasonable interest, I will add to this paper. If you like what you see feel free to post announcements about this offer to other woodworking forums. Be sure to tell them to do a search for “Kappel rockers”. Or go to www.kappelusa.com. When on my web site click on the left bar marked “code” and select the code # for the FREE or upgraded info. you want.

If an email for the FREE text is sent to me, it must have the code number in the subject line so I can sort out the serious woodworker from the rubbish mail I get. When the code changes you will know I have changed text.

As we go along I may make adjustments to this text as seems proper upgraded text. When I make a mistake in grammar, spelling, syntax, punctuation or other clues to my English ignorance please forgive me. If I make a mistake in woodworking please correct me.

I am a self-taught woodworker so some of the techniques I use may not be familiar to you. My terminology will be close and descriptive, but not always what you may be familiar with using. I have been woodworking for over 60 years and still have all my fingers and never have I had a serious accident. So I do know a little something about the subject I will be discussing. I do know how to make, what I think are the finest rocking chairs in the world today, the right way that will last much longer than any of us will live. In most cases I use the ‘Old World Masters’ way of doing things, but I do not use them to the detriment of time, material or energy. If I can do a job with less work, in less time, having the same or better outcome, I will use it without hesitation.

I have no desire to take any shortcuts in explanation or procedures. I will discuss the smallest detail, which is often the pertinent thing left out of commercial books, that makes a master work piece stand apart from the ordinary upgraded text.

We will go through the same construction procedure I use for one of my rockers in the same sequence of manufacturing. I will, at a later date, add details on how to upgrade or modify a particular unit of the rocker to what I think is an improvement or enhancement for attractiveness or functionally. This new material has been used to publish my student manual or full instructional manual now available on my web site www.kappelusa.com along with full size ‘patterns & jigs’.


          Pengaruh Kebijakan Moneter Terhadap Sektor Perbankan Di Indonesia        
Pendahuluan
Pengaruh kebijakan moneter pertama kali akan dirasakan oleh sektor perbankan, yang kemudian ditransfer pada sektor riil. Kebijakan moneter pada dasarnya merupakan suatu kebijakan yang bertujuan untuk mencapai keseimbangan internal yaitu pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi, stabilitas harga, pemerataan pembangunan dan keseimbangan eksternal (keseimbangan neraca pembayaran) serta tercapainya tujuan ekonomi makro, yakni menjaga stabilisasi ekonomi yang dapat diukur dengan kesempatan kerja, kestabilan harga serta neraca pembayaran internasional yang seimbang. Apabila kestabilan dalam kegiatan perekonomian terganggu, maka kebijakan moneter dapat dipakai untuk memulihkan stabilitas. Untuk mencapai tujuan itu, Bank Sentral berusaha mengatur keseimbangan antara persediaan uang dengan persediaan barang agar inflasi dapat terkendali dengan baik, tercapainya kesempatan kerja penuh dan kelancaran dalam pasokan/distribusi barang. Kebijakan moneter dilakukan pada instrumen yaitu suku bunga, giro wajib minimum, intervensi dipasar valuta asing dan sebagai tempat terakhir bagi bank-bank untuk meminjam uang apabila mengalami kesulitan likuiditas.

1.     Kerangka Kebijakan Moneter pada Perbankan Indonesia
Dengan ditinggalkannya sistem crawling band dan dianutnya sistem nilai tukar mengambang setelah krisis ekonomi tahun 1997/98, kerangka kebijakan moneter diarahkan pada penciptaan stabilitas harga dengan target base money (inflation targeting lite). Sejak bulan Juli 2005, kerangka kebijakan moneter disempurnakan dengan prinsip-prinsip Inflation Targeting Framework.
Dengan kerangka ini, Bank Indonesia secara eksplisit mengumumkan sasaran inflasi kepada publik dan kebijakan moneter diarahkan untuk mencapai sasaran inflasi yang ditetapkan oleh Pemerintah tersebut. Untuk mencapai sasaran inflasi, kebijakan moneter dilakukan secara forward looking, artinya perubahan pendirian kebijakan moneter dilakukan melaui evaluasi apakah perkembangan inflasi ke depan masih sesuai dengan sasaran inflasi yang telah dicanangkan.  Dalam kerangka kerja ini, kebijakan moneter juga ditandai oleh transparansi dan akuntabilitas kebijakan kepada publik.  Secara operasional,  pendirian kebijakan moneter dicerminkan oleh penetapan suku bunga kebijakan (BI Rate) yang diharapkan dapat memengaruhi suku bunga pasar uang dan suku bunga deposito dan suku bunga kredit perbankan.  Perubahan suku bunga ini pada akhirnya akan memengaruhi output dan inflasi. http://gemmaaktuaria.com/?p=145
          Pelaksanaan ITF di Indonesia mengikuti prinsip dasar bahwa ITF adalah framework, bukan rule. Dengan prinsip ini, kebijakan moneter tidak dilaksanakan secara kaku. Pelaksanaan kebijakan moneter juga mempertimbangkan sasaran-sasaran pembangunan yang lebih luas terutama  pertumbuhan ekonomi. Berbeda dengan prinsip full discretionary, ITF menuntut agar discretionary policy dalam pelaksanaan kebijakan moneter bersifat terbatas. Dengan prinsip dasar tersebut, Bank Indonesia melaksanakan kebijakan moneter dengan elemen-elemen pokok :
a.  Pertama, suku bunga (BI-rate) digunakan sebagai sasaran operasional moneter untuk menggantikan uang beredar. Hal ini didasarkan pada pertimbangan semakin melemahnya hubungan antara uang beredar dengan laju inflasi.
b.  Kedua, kebijakan moneter diperkuat dengan strategi yang bersifat pre-emptive atau forward looking. Elemen dasar ini sekaligus merupakan tantangan besar bagi Bank Indonesia mengingat inflasi di Indonesia lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh ekspektasi inflasi yang bersifat adaptif. Kebijakan moneter perlu konsisten terhadap sasaran akhir yang akan dicapai atau menghindari time-inconsistency policy. Tanpa konsistensi yang kuat, kebijakan ke depan kurang mendapat perhatian dari masyarakat. Masyarakat kembali akan menggunakan ekspektasi adaptif dan/atau memberi porsi relatif sangat kecil terhadap langkah-langkah kebijakan yang akan ditempuh ke depan kemudian melakukan optimasi dalam pengambilan keputusannya.
Arsitektur Perbankan Indonesia (API) adalah suatu kerangka dasar dari sistem perbankan Indonesia yang bersifat menyeluruh dan juga memberikan arah, bentuk, serta tatanan industri perbankan untuk jangka waktu lima sampai sepuluh tahun ke depan. Arah kebijakan dari pengembangan industri perbankan di masa yang akan dating tersebut dirumuskan dalam API dan dilandasi dengan tujuan mencapai suatu sistem perbankan yang sehat, kuat dan efisien agar dapat menciptakan kestabilan sistem keuangan dalam rangka membantu mendorong pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional.
Dengan adanya kebutuhan blue print perbankan nasional dan sebagai kelanjutan dari program restrukturisasi perbankan yang sudah berjalan sejak tahun 1998, maka Bank Indonesia pada tanggal 9 Januari 2004 telah meluncurkan API sebagai suatu kerangka menyeluruh arah kebijakan pengembangan industri perbankan Indonesia ke depan.  Peluncuran API tersebut tidak terlepas pula dari upaya Pemerintah dan Bank Indonesia untuk membangun kembali perekonomian Indonesia melalui penerbitan buku putih Pemerintah sesuai dengan Inpres No. 5 Tahun 2003, dimana API menjadi salah satu program utama dalam buku putih tersebut.

Kritikan dari keinginan untuk memiliki fundamental perbankan yang lebih kuat dan dengan memperhatikan masukan-masukan yang diperoleh dalam mengimplementasikan API selama dua tahun terakhir, maka Bank Indonesia merasa perlu untuk menyempurnakan program-program kegiatan yang tercantum dalam API.  Penyempurnaan program-program kegiatan API tersebut tidak terlepas pula dari perkembangan-perkembangan yang terjadi pada perekonomian nasional maupun internasional.  Penyempurnaan terhadap program-program API tersebut antara lain mencakup strategi-strategi yang lebih spesifik mengenai pengembangan perbankan syariah, BPR, dan UMKM ke depan sehingga API diharapkan memiliki program kegiatan yang lebih lengkap dan komprehensif yang mencakup sistem perbankan secara menyeluruh terkait Bank umum dan BPR, baik konvensional maupun syariah, serta  pengembangan UMKM.


          21 Hit Singles That Never Were, But Coulda Woulda Shoulda Been...        
Keeping in mind the general rules of what makes a proper radio single, e.g. tight running time, verse-chorsus composition, conventional "catchiness", here is a suggestion of 21 songs by 21 artists that coulda woulda shoulda been popular, career changing singles, but for whatever reasons, never saw such glory, and instead fell into relative obscurity. Some of these artists have had hit singles in the past, others never had a single - hit or not - at all, but the tie that binds here is that all these songs are fully deserving of that musical merit badge we've all come to accept for marketing purposes.  Regular readers of this blog might notice I've raved about some of these artists and songs before, but since you never got to hear these tracks over-played on FM radio, you get to instead find them shamelessly over-promoted here.  Enjoy...  

1. "SIDEWINDER" by Ass Ponys [from Some Stupid With A Flare Gun]

1994 saw Ass Ponys one and only novelty hit "Little Bastard", following which changes in label ownership saw them dropped from A&M Records, and more or less forgotten about. Nonetheless, they matured as artists until their untimely disbanding in 2002, but not before issuing a number of other albums with decidedly more sophisticated songs - one of which was "Sidewinder" from this, their 1999 indie label release.  "Sidewinder" is the heart-wrenching tale of a farmer's non-acceptance of the fact that his crop has turned to crap, and his livelihood along with it, all the while his wife notices with unspoken trepidation ("the dirt farmer swears his fruit is as fresh as the early spring / what does he care she's finding worms in everything").  Though the subject matter might seem alienating to a modern audience, each verse is lush with vivid descriptors of decay and disappointment that build into a fantastic, soaring chorus.  

2. "I Blew Up The United States" by Was(Not Was) [from Are You Okay?]

A post Sept. 11, 2001 world might not so readily accept a single about a fanatical attack on American landmarks, just as a post "Walk The Dinosaur" Was(Not Was) song would never really properly explode the band's popularity a second time.  Still, for as schizophrenic as Was(Not Was)'s output tended to be (one might most accurately described their body of work as whole as a sort of Yello meets Ween type mess ), "I Blew Up The United States" would have appealed on the same tepid level as "Walk The Dinosaur" did to those who wouldn't care much to explore Was(Not Was)'s more bizarre compositions.  It's a bass heavy song with maniacal piano refrains scattered throughout... and it came out 6 years before Fiona Apple would take the exact same, though better received, liberties. 

3. "Speed" by Bran Van 3000 [from Discosis]

Bran Van 3000 made a small wave in the middle 90's with the single "Drinking In L.A." and "Supermodel" (the music video for the latter had some moderate rotation on Mtv in those days] from their preceding album Glee; but by the time Discosis was released in 2001, the Beastie Boys' Grand Royal label, to which Bran Van was signed, folded and it likely took a toll on this very commercially viable, potentially successful follow-up.  Two singles did squeak out before the collapse, however: "Astounded" and "Love Cliche", though neither charted in the U.S., which is just as well, because they were poorly chosen.  If the promotion had been there, "Speed" would have been this album's guaranteed royal flush.  It's a sun-tanned summer anthem complete with cutesy "tickled kitten" female vocals, driving electro-percussion and - here's the left turn - some pretty bad ass accordion instrumentation.

4. "The Fire Song" by Company of Thieves [from Ordinary Riches]

Company of Thieves sort of came and went in 2009, for the most part, unnoticed. Not really one hit wonders, per se, with the abstinent airplay of the song "Oscar Wilde", they toured extensively in 2010, produced a follow up album in 2011, and then disbanded under the weight of overbearing frontwoman Genevieve Schatz.  Still, Ordinary Riches is an elegantly well-crafted album, and while the song "Pressure" was a well chosen follow up single, maybe the album's commercial sparkle began to fade before "The Fire Song" could be selected as a potential third promotional. A grungy staccato number similar in sound to Shirley Manson's band Garbage, "The Fire Song" had every bit of playlist power as "Only Happy When It Rains" did.

5. "I'm A Dog" by Crash Test Dummies [from A Worm's Life]

Forever relegated to the ranks of top 100 One Hit Wonders of the 90's, Crash Test Dummies' hit song "Mmm Mmm Mmm Mmm" skyrocketed the success of their 1994 sophomore album God Shuffled His Feet... and then 1996's A Worm's Life pretty much tamped it back down;  and then 1999's Give Yourself A Hand more or less murdered it.  But while frontman Brad Roberts writing became increasingly la morgue littéraire with each subsequent Dummies album, one track on A Worm's Life offered some philosophical genius, and some hope at sustaining the band's success just a little longer: "I'm A Dog". It's the last example of the charmingly refined, endearingly inquisitive writings on topics of all things curious that Roberts has produced to date, and that said, the last proper Crash Test Dummies song.  Sadly, though, it remains forever buried as the second to last track on this, the beginning of the band's end.  In fact, re-release God Shuffled His Feet with "I'm A Dog" included as a bonus track (and oh yeah, "Superman's Song" from The Ghosts That Haunt Me), and you have a "best of" compilation for this band that's perfectly consistent and missing nothing.

6. "Act of Creation" by The New Red Moons [from Mesmérisme]

This selection might be a bit premature, as The New Red Moons' fantastic sophomore effort Mesmérisme is only about six months past its release date as of this writing, however it's pinned here with dual intent: (1) because the Moons are a smaller independent act, not signed to a label, this self released effort is unlikely to produce more than the one single it already has ("You Can Run") - and even that was an abnormality for a self-releaed album; and (2) because the Moons are a smaller independent act, not signed to a label, this self-important blogger tends to think he might just capture the band's attention, thus prompting them by suggestion.  Granted, "Act of Creation" isn't really an accurate representation of the band's overall sound - and typically you want the single to be that (which is probably why they chose "You Can Run") - but it's such a striking and dissimilar song, even in terms applied beyond the album it's on.  Frontman Joe McIlheran explores an impressive and anomalous vocal range on this track, and the composition as a whole captures one of those rare moments of inimitable progression in rock music, the likes of which were the blue print for what would properly be labeled Alternative Rock, in the days before the label started being improperly applied to everything.

7. "With My Own Bare Hands" by Ween [from La Cucaracha]

Ignoring the fact that the song is laden with profanity, "With My Own Bare Hands", even as a clean radio edit, represents the next best whack-job single Ween could offer since their catchy lo-fi mainstream breakthrough "Push Th' Little Daisies" back in 1992.  It's a staggered, guitar driven, hard percussion hitting yeller about all the things lead vocalist Aaron Freeman (formerly Gene Ween) is capable of doing, from the scientifically delicate ("I could take your DNA and replicate a man") to the sexually explicit ("I'm gonna be your ass shaker, stick it up in your ass").  In the usual, and so amusingly, Ween-like fashion, the song devolves from its already pretty primitive delivery, into a sort of stream of consciousness, Tourette Syndrome vulgarity that is as hilariously juvenile as it is disjointed. The song is completely indecent, lyrically radio unfriendly, but quite frankly hearing a radio edit version nonetheless would only add to the novelty of this.

8. "Betting On Trains" by Hem [from Rabbit Songs]

A quiet country stroll on a comfortable summer afternoon couldn't be more tranquil than this violin acoustic folk-rock piece from Hem's 2000 debut album.  Lead singer Sally Ellyson's vocals are the closest thing to Ella Fitzgerald you could get in the modern day, and the band's repertoire the best parlour music revival attempt since the general dissipation of the style in the late 18th Century.  The song discusses the familiarity one can establish with the people, places and things in one's life, and how this becomes a predicator, a gospel point of reference, for how everything is and will be - undeniably, whether the notions are factual or not.

9. "I Have Special Powers" by His Name Is Alive [from Last Night]

Never attempting, or pretending, to be a "singles" band, His Name Is Alive could have inadvertently struck fool's gold with the blue mood jazz fusion, late night insomnia feel of "I Have Special Powers", a track culled from their 4AD swan song album, and one that just as surprisingly, might have offered more potential singles than any of their previous or subsequent efforts.  Shame 4AD had already written them off by the time Last Night was released.  The album saw very little promotion, even though if the inclination had been there, the label could have capitalized on what this notoriously schizophrenic, near impossible to market, band produced here. After all, the annals of music history are rife with at-one-time successful musicians who will all agree: one hit is all it takes.


10. "Disengage" by The Honorary Title [from Anything Else But The Truth]

The now popular hokey-stern folk rock style of Vance Joy's "Riptide" and Milky Chance's "Stollen Dance" was preceded by The Honorary Title's "Disengage" back in 2004, but never found a foothold then. Doubtful eleven years after the fact, the now disbanded Honorary Title, or their former label, would be bothered to re-attempt finding fanfare for the song or album - especially after they did attempt a re-issue two years after the initial release, but to no real affect. Still to see "Disengage" fall into a obscurity is a crying shame, all things considered. While the song would have surely belied the content of the rest of the album, promoting a single is about shamelessly selling copies by any means necessary, and if that had been the case, no harm no foul, because the rest of this release would have propelled itself.

11. "The Northern Sea" by Jarrod Dickenson [from The Lonesome Traveler]

Resident Brooklyn, NY folk scene busker, Jarrod Dickenson's 2012 independently released album The Lonesome Traveler, as a whole, coulda woulda shoulda made great waves in the alt. folk music scene right alongside the likes of Bon Iver and the earlier works of The Handsome Family, but as is sadly all too often the case, the marketing dollars and prominent indie label support weren't there; and so until they are, the album will quietly reside in its own beautiful obscurity. The chosen hit, for the intent and purpose of this writing, is the album's second track, entitled "The Northern Sea": the stormy and treacherous sea shanty-esque tale of a fisherman determined to serve his trade, despite unrelenting danger, and minimal reward. Ironically, if this weren't such an obscure blog, the mere naming of the track here might ignite a bevy of downloads, reinstating the song - maybe even the entire album - as an overlooked "sleeper hit", and catapulting Dickenson into the limelight where he truly belongs.  Alas, unseen, on the other side of that tree on the album cover, Dickenson and I are resting our heads against the barked trunk, dreaming of fanfare...

12. "Let Me Go" by Kate Tucker + The Sons of Sweden [from The Shape The Color The Feel]

Considering the music consuming public's long time infatuation with the breathily sung, lustily articulated female vocal design, it's surprising Kate Tucker and her entourage's sophomore album managed to almost entirely land on deaf ears. Showing a bit of a stylistic shift from its predecessor, 2010's White Horses, Tucker regardless should have hit the trendy nail on the proverbial head with this album. "Let Me Go" especially embodies everything definable about the phrase "radio friendly".  Fit her in between Banks, Lorde and Tove Lo, and ne'er a disappointed yuppie-teen eyebrow would be raised.

13. "Tell Me No" by Lady Cannon [from Whiskey Dear]

Milwaukee's Lady Cannon is a whiskey soaked trollop, hellbent on illustrating all of the sinful misdeeds that alcoholism and promiscuity can bring to a life. "Tell Me No" sums up her penchants quite well, detailing the relationship between an "other woman" and a man who belongs to someone else. The real antithesis in her variety of drunken misdeeds, however, is the aching heart and soul behind it. She's naughty, but she's sad, she's malevolent but you're made commiserate for why she is what she is.  Insultingly, you could call her a slut who happens to have a way with words; realistically you could say the same of every great writer from Jack Kerouac to Charles Bukowski. Cannon makes her sins very digestible song compositions, nonetheless, and while "Tell Me No" is no crime of the century, the telling of her drama is expertly distilled, and goes down smooth.

14. "By The Book" by Michael Penn [from Free For All]

Michael Penn came and went, as far as most are concerned, with the hit late 80's single "No Myth".  Truthfully, the artist continued to flourish well into the mid 2000's, offering an album only about every four to six years, but each and every was finely crafted, and showed exponential growth in his ability as a musician. His 1997 overlooked single "I Can Tell" was a fantastic piano rich alternative rock opus, but even more lamentably neglected was this track from his sophomore album Free For All. "By The Book" is a spaciously delivered, acoustic guitar and percussion alt. folk track about the determination behind decided ignorance. Forging forward to meet a desire, calling it acceptable by all terms, but yet... asking forgiveness for it? It's a psychologically challenging song, and maybe the difficulty most would have with getting their head around the message is precisely why it was never promoted. Consequently, Michael Penn is held in high esteem by the highfalutin musician's musicians elite, and a critic's darling to boot. But while those things are arguably impressive, they almost never equal commercial success.

15. "Lost My Mind" by Mile Nielsen [from Miles]

Much like Jakob Dylan, Miles Nielsen's connection to Cheap Trick's Rick Nielsen can be immediately off-putting to a younger audience interested only in discovering "their own thing". Yet, again - much like Jakob Dylan -  Miles Nielsen has been surgical and careful in his career thus far, not to ride on the coattails of his father's fame, and to keep a safe distance between his Rusted Hearts Band and Cheap Trick. Unlike Jakob Dylan, however, Nielsen has yet to see proper popular appeal, though he tours small to mid-size venues across the country frequently - and is acquiring a growing fan base.  "Lost My Mind" is the track most stand out in his two album repertoire thus far, though there are countless others that could easily build his appeal.

16. "Red Accordian" by Patty Larkin [from Perishable Fruit]

Though a little sparse in instrumentation to fit the typical requirements for a radio single, but a perfectly subtle album closer, "Red Accordion" speaks playfully and optimistically to the trials and tribulations of the human condition - a much needed outlook in any age and time.  "Don't listen to the din rising behind you; if you look at life like a train wreck, one will find you..." Larkin advises as the songs emotive sensibility swells to embrace the listener, who by then - if they've any sense of worldliness or self at all - is strongly holding back a cataclysm of cathartic tears.

17. "Wildflowers On Chene" by Rob Reid [from Prairie Shanties of the Landlocked Mariner]

Vaguely reminiscent of the cadence to the song Zorba The Greek (vaguely), Rob Reid's "Wildflowers On Chene" has the same sort of anabasis mood and structure, but fitted instead to a verse chorus song about an assortment of forms and variances on societal decay - both metaphorically and figuratively. The upswing of the song's chorus is among its most catchy and endearing qualities, wherein Reid lets a little sunlight part the deliberative, darkly hewn verses, as the tempo perks up into an upbeat, nonlinear reflection on the better days that existed before this presently dilapidated state of being.

18. "Strangely At Home Here" by Seven Mary Three [from Day & Nightdriving]

"Strangely At Home Here" comes almost a decade and a half after Seven Mary Three's bygone days of topping the Alternative Rock charts, with tracks mostly from their 1995 breakthrough album American Standard. 2008's Day & Nightdriving is a strong departure from the harder rocking of those early years, and though it's still firmly rock music they're performing, it's just not so much grunge rock music anymore. They've clearly settled down a bit now, applying instead more acoustic tones, and for the most part, writing more contemplative compositions; much ado about the home life and, perceptibly, frontman Jason Ross's own domestic relationship concerns.  Midlife maturity manifests itself quite clearly on the album, and "Strangely At Home Here" is aimed squarely at the hearts and minds of all those aging weekend pub crawlers, grappling with the shifts in their livelihood, and the fading but fond memories of the pastimes of their twenties.

19. "For The Sake of Drowning" by Stephanie Dosen [from Ghosts, Mice & Vagabonds]

In a similar vein as Jewel's Pieces of You album, but just shy of ten years after the acoustic aching heart female singer/songwriter fad ended, Stephanie Dosen offered up this under-promoted album about all things emotional, heartfelt and profoundly inner turmultuous.  "For The Sake of Drowning" plays as instrumentally tonal, lyrically yearning and vocally pleading as anything else similar, but that enjoyed much more success.  Dosen's writing, though, in contrast to all of them,  offers a variety of much deeper contexts than her peers were willing to illustrate, and her staying power as a new age Joni Mitchell never saw the potential it fully deserved.

20. "The Well" by The Vega Star [from The Night]

The Vega Star's sole album The Night, by and large, holds rank as the most overlooked independent folk rock album to be released in the last twenty years. The album deals heavily in dread and despair, dark nights and heavy hearts - all matter of things that have appealed very strongly to a larger music consuming public for decades, but that so few songwriters could manage to incarnate as chillingly and with as much melancholy as Vega Star frontman Justin Rolbieki does here. "The Well" acts as what could have been both a single capable of launching the band's career on a larger scale, and a defectless representation of the group's gloomy boutique style and design.

21. "Creature" by The Fatty Acids [from Leftover Monsterface]

In the form of a radio ready single, The Fatty Acid's "Creature" might require some edits for duration, but ultimately represents a unique combination appeal of something like Nine Inch Nails' "Closer" and a number of things by The Residents in the early 80's.  If "Creature" had become a popular single, it would have most definitely defaulted the band into one-hit-wonder categorization, as the song is really the most digestible in the the group's repertoire to date. Nonetheless, credit given to a band whose normal penchant for being bizarrely abstract can be pushed aside to compose a piece with as much mainstream chart appeal as this without even trying.  Milwaukee hasn't seen sui generous in the form of The Fatty Acids since the Violent Femmes, and it's a crying shame they, unlike the Femmes, didn't arrive on the scene in the days and times when "sounding different" didn't equal the same as "sounding sort of like".



          Zombie County Girl Halloween Costume        
Zombie County Girl Halloween Costume

Smiffys Zombie Country Girl Halloween Fancy Dress Costume. This Kids Costume Includes A Blue Printed Dress With Chest Print Detail And Headband.



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          100 Miles Per Gallon? That’s So “1992”        
According to a new survey by JD Power and Associates, approximately one third of consumers in the United States consider fuel economy to be a key factor when purchasing a new car. With fuel economy, dependence on foreign oil, pollution, and global warming weighing heavy on the minds of so many people recently, it may be a surprise to learn that in 1992, General Motors actually produced a vehicle that achieved 100 miles per gallon (MPG).

In order to get a better idea of what General Motors has been doing for the last 25 years, it is important to first learn about another amazing vehicle: The GM TPC. The TPC (which stands for “Two Person Commuter”) was able to obtain 75 miles-per-gallon. It weighed approximately 1000 pounds and resembled a Geo Metro. GM abandoned the project vehicle, which contained a frugal 3-cylinder engine, when they needed to add another 200 pounds of reinforcement. This unfortunate turn of events can be blamed on GM’s need to comply with America’s then lax safety laws.

While the existence of such a vehicle may be shocking to some, what is even more shocking is the existence of other prototypes made by General Motors that met the same demise. These vehicles included the GM Lean Machine (80 MPG) in 1982, along with a number of other fuel efficient vehicles like the GM Aero-X, the GM Aero 2000, and the finally the GM Ultralite (which had achieved 100 miles-per-gallon). While Honda was leading the world with the Civic VX in 1992 (achieving 50 miles-per-gallon) the USA- owned General Motors was producing 100 MPG vehicles behind the scenes, all the while selling 20 MPG vehicles to the public.

100 miles per gallon is not only obtainable, but it already has been obtained.

One obvious question must be asked. Why are these high gas mileage vehicles not available for sale? Why do companies like General Motors, Honda, Toyota, and Ford continue to sell 30 MPG vehicles when something so much better was made before? The answer to that question is, of course, a complex one. Market analyses, surveys, polls, government regulations, and other red tape held back efficiency.

The short answer to this question is simple: While the U.S. continues to sell its traditional vehicles, other vehicles are being bought and sold far from America, by the same companies.

Vehicles that can attain over 70 miles per gallon have been sold in Europe and Japan for many years. Recently, Volkswagen produced a vehicle called the “Lupo” that is a perfect example. This vehicle, which achieves 78 miles per gallon, likely will never be sold in the USA. For the 2007 model year, Honda has introduced the Fit to the US Market (known in other parts of the world as the “Jazz”). In Japan, the Jazz comes standard with a smaller engine and a few fresh ideas to help boost fuel economy. In the USA, the Fit doesn’t have the smaller engine and isn’t even an option.

Americans have always loved big cars, or at least that’s what they tell us. They, of course, are the auto manufacturers. This has nothing to do with conspiracy theories and everything to do with economics. When General Motors sells a giant truck or SUV, they make a lot of money. When they sell a small two-person commuter, they make next-to-nothing. As a consequence of this realization, all that was needed have been broadcasts of a few finely focused commercials to the citizens of the richest country in the world. Manufacturers have persuaded the citizenry that they absolutely need these “Tanks on Wheels”. Profits skyrocket. To remind Americans that there are no options, merely look at the fact that the options heave never been presented.

General Motors had the chance to be the world leader in fuel economy, which it turned down to be the world leader in SUVs. GM is not alone, as every other auto manufacturer has produced similar vehicles over the last 25 years and denied the U.S. access to them.

Americans should not only ask how they can get better gas mileage, but most importantly ask why they have never been given that option in the first place. In a world where wars are waged over oil, more options should be offered to a concerned public. Perhaps blowing the dust off of 25 year old blue prints is a good place to start.
          UPACARA BENDERA        
A.Dasar Pemikiran
Siswa atau peserta didik merupakan bagian dari Generasi Muda dan kader penerus perjuangan bangsa serta merupakan anggota dari masyarakat yang senantiasa harus terus menerus berusaha mengembangkan berbagai potensi dirinya melalui berbagai aspek kegiatan pendidikan baik di sekolah ataupun di luar sekolah.
Sebagaimana kita ketahui di dalam Garis-Garis Besar Haluan Negara (BGHN) dinyatakan bahwa Generasi Muda yang didalamnya termasuk para siswa adalah merupakan penerus Cita-Cita perjuangan Bangsa dan sumber insani bagi pembangunan nasional.
Atas dasar itulah Upacara Bendera merupakan sesuatu hal yang perlu dilakukan terutama di sekolah sebagai bekal bagi para siswa yang didasarkan atas kemauan dirinya untuk menambah, meningkatkan dan mengembangkan dirinya maupun lingkungan sehingga pada akhirnya akan terwujud siswa siswi yang mandiri dan penuh kreasi.

B. Pengertian
Upacara adalah serangkaian perbuatan yang ditata dalam suatu ketentuan peraturan yang wajib dilaksanakan dengan khidmat dan tertib, sehingga merupakan kegiatan teratur untuk menciptakan kebiasaan yang mengarah kepada budi pekerti luhur.

C. Landasan Hukum
1. Instruksi Presiden Nomor : 14 tahun 1981 tanggal 1 Desember 1981. tentang Pengibaran Bendera Merah Putih.
2. Keputusan Mentri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan nomor : 461/U/1984 tanggal 18 Oktober 1984 tentang Upcara Bendera
3. Surat Edaran Direktur Jenderal Pendidikan Dasar dan Menengah nomor; 11208/ C/U/1987 tanggal 31 Oktober 1987, tentang Upacara Bendera.
4. Dinas Pendididikan Jawa Barat nomor 151/V/Pendas.2007, tentang Petunjuk Teknis Lomba Tata Upacara Bendera (LTUB) Tingkat Wilayah se Jawa Barat.
5. Rapat Dinas SMA Negeri I Garut, tanggal 22 Mei 2007.
D. Maksud, Tujuan, dan Sasaran

a. Maksud
1. Sebagai media komunikasi agar terwujud komunikasi yang harmonis antara siswa guru, Kepala Sekolah dan staf tata usaha
2. Agar terwujud sinergisitas di lingkungan sekolah

b. Tujuan
Tujuan Upacara Bendera di sekolah adalah untuk membentuk Patriot Indonesia yang berbudi pekerti luhur, dan taqwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa.

c. Sasaran
Sasaran yang diharapkan dari Upacara bendera, antara lain :
1. memiliki rasa cinta terhadap tanah air, bangsa dan agama
2. memiliki rasa tanggung jawab dan displin pribadi
3. memiliki jiwa gotong royong dan percaya kepda diri sendiri
4. selalu tertib dalam kehidupan sehari-hari
5. dapat memimpin dan dipimpin
6. dapat melaksanakan upacara dengan khidmat dan tertib
7. Meningkatkan ketaqwaan kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa.



TEKS PIDATO
PEMBINA UPACARA
Tanggal 5 Juni 2007

ASSALAMU’ALAUKUM WR.WB

YANG SAYA HORMATI BAPAK-BAPAK DAN IBU-IBU TIM PENILAI LOMBA TATA UPACARA BENDERA PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

YANG SAYA HORMATI IBU KEPALA DINAS PENDIDIKAN KABUPATEN GARUT ATAU YANG MEWAKILI.

YANG SAYA HORMATI BAPAK-BAPAK GURU DAN IBU-IBU GURU STAF PENGAJAR SMAI GARUT

YANG SAYA HORMATI BAPAK DAN IBU STAF TATA USAHA SMA I GARUT, SERTA YANG SAYA CINTAI ANAK-ANAKU PESERTA UPACARA SMA I GARUT

PERTAMA-TAMA MARI KITA PANJATKAN PUJI DAN SYUKUR KEHADIRAT ALLAH SWT, YANG TELAH MEMBERIKAT RAHMAT DAN KEKUATAN KEPADA KITA SEHINGGA KITA MASIH DIBERIKAN KEKUATAN UNTUK MELAKSANAKAN KEWAJIBAN KITA YAITU MELAKSANAKAN UPACARA BENDERA PADA PAGI INI.

SHOLAWAT DAN SALAM SEMOGA TETAP TERLIMPAH CURAH KEPADA PEMIMPIN BESAR KITA YAITU NABI MUHAMMAD SAW YANG TELAH MENGAJARKAN BERBAGAI MACAM RISALAH KEPADA KITA, DAN TELAH MEMBIMBING KITA DARI DUNIA KEGELAPAN MENUJU DUNIA YANG TERANG BENDERANG.

ANAK-ANAKU YANG SAYA CINTAI !

PADA KESEMPATAN INI SAYA MENGUCAPKAN TERIMAKASIH TERUTAMA KEPADA PARA PETUGAS UPACARA YANG TELAH MELAKSANAKAN TUGASNYA DENGAN BAIK. SAYA BERHARAP SEMOGA APA YANG TELAH DILAKSANAKAN OLEH KALIAN SEBAGAI PETUGAS UPACARA KALI INI BISA LEBIH DITINGKATKAN LAGI TERUTAMA OLEH PETUGAS UPACARA PADA MINGGU YANG AKAN DATANG.

ANAK-ANAKKU PESERTA UPACARA YANG BERBAHAGIA !

DALAM BERBAGAI KESEMPATAN SERING SAYA MELONTARKAN PERTANYAAN KEPADA SESEORANG “ APAKAH ANDA INGIN SUKSES “
JAWABANNYA SELALU ”YA” AKAN TETAPI BILA PERTANYAAN ITU SAYA LANJUTKAN “ SUKSES SEPERTI APA YANG ANDA INGINKAN DAN APA YANG MESTI ANDA LAKUKAN UNTUK MERAIH KESUKSESAN TERSEBUT ? NAMPAKNYA MEREKA MULAI BINGUNG. MUNGKIN KALIANPUN SAMA SEPERTI ITU.
OLEH KARENA ITU , PADA KESEMPATAN INI , SAYA MENGANGGAP PERLU UNTUK MENGUTARAKAN DAN MEMBAHAS MENGENAI BAGAIMANA MERENCANAKAN MASA DEPAN.

ANAK-ANAKUKU YANG SAYA CINTAI !

DR. DAVID J. SCHWARTZ MENGATAKAN BAHWA KEHIDUPAN YANG BESAR SELALU DIMULAI DENGAN IMPIAN YANG BESAR.

PERNAHKAH KALIAN MEMBAYANGKAN BAGAIMANA GEDUNG MONAS ATAU TWIN TOWER DI MALAYSIA YANG TINGGI MEGAH DIBANGUN ? SESUNGGUHNYA SEBELUM PARA ARSITEK MEMBANGUN, PADA DASARNYA PENCIPTAAN TELAH DIMULAI JAUH SEBELUM ITU.

MEREKA MULAI DARI IMAJINASI DAN MENUANGKANNYA DALAM BLUE PRINT (CETAK BIRU).
BEGITUPUN DALAM SETIAP TINDAKAN YANG AKAN KITA JALANI SESUNGGUHNYA HAL TERSEBUT TELAH ADA DALAM PIKIRAN KAMU. PENCIPTAAN PERTAMA SECARA MENTAL UNTUK MELAKUKAN SESUATU DIMULAI DARI IMAJINASI (MIMPI/CITA-CITA).

ANAK-ANAKU SEKALIAN !

SETIAP MANUSIA MEMPUNYAI DUA JENIS PENGLIHATAN, YAITU PENGLIHATAN MATA DAN PENGLIHATAN P[IKIRAN. PENGLIHATAN MATA MENGATAKAN KEPADA KITA TENTANG OBJEK APA APA YANG ADA DI SEKITAR KITA, MISALNYA TENTANG GAMBARAN POHON-POHON, MANUSIA, RUMAH, GUNUNG-GUNUNG, PANTAI DAN BENDA-BENDA FISIK LAINNYA YANG NYATA.

SEMENTARA PENGLIHATAN PIKIRAN ADALAH SUATU KEKUATAN UNTUK MELIHAT BUKAN APA YANG ADA ATAU NYATA. PENGLIHATAN PIKIRAN MEMBENTUK GAMBARAN MASA DEPAN ATAU VISI, MISALNYA MENGENAI RUMAH YANG KITA INGINKAN, PEKERJAAN YANG KITA INGINKAN, JURUSAN SERTA PERGURUAN TINGGI YANG AKAN KITA MASUKI ATAU TENTANG PASANGAN HIDUP YANG KITA DAMBAKAN DSB DSB.

ANAK-ANAKU YANG SAYA BANGGAKAN !

MENDAMBAKAN BERBEDA DENGAN MEMIMPIKAN.
MENDAMBAKAN BERSIFAT PASIF. MENDAMBAKAN LEBIH BERSIFAT ISENG TANPA UPAYA UNTUK MENDAPATKANNYA. SEWMENTARA, MEMIPIMPIKAN LEBIH DIDUKUNG OLEH RENCANA TINDAKAN UNTUK MEMPEROLEH HASIL.


HASILPUN TIDAK BISA DIPISAHKAN DARI PROSES. BILA KITA INGIN MENDAPATKAN HASIL, KITA HARUS MENEMPUH PROSESNYA. PERENCANAAN MERUPAKAN BAGIAN DARI SUATU PROSES.

ANAK-ANAKU PESERTA UPACARA !
DALAM PROSES KESULITAN AKAN MUNCUL. AKAN TETAPI TIDAK ADA KESULITAN YANG TIDAK DAPAT DIPECAHKAN.
JADIKANLAH KESULITAN ITU SEBAGAI TANTANGAN BUKAN RINTANGAN. SETIAP SELESAI MEMECAHKAN SUATU KESDULITAN BERARTI KITA TELAH SELANGKAH LEBIH MAJU DARI SEBELUMNYA.

BAGAIMANA SUATU PERENCANAAN ITU AGAR MUDAH DIEVALUASI, TENTUNYA PERLU DILAKUKAN SECARA BERTAHAP. KITA INGAT BAHWA PERJALANAN YANG PANJANGPUN DAPAT DITEMPUH DENGAN SELANGKAH DEMI SELANGKAH.

ANAK-ANAKU YANG SAYA CINTAI !

MUNGKIN SEKEDAR UNTUK MEMBANTU KALIAN DALAM MEMBUAT PERENCANAAN INGAT KATA-KATA W 5 + H ( WHY, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE, WHO DAN HOW)

- MENGAPA KALIAN MELAKUKAN HAL ITU ?
- APASAJA YANG HARUS KALIAN LAKUKAN UNTUK MERAIH KEINGINAN ITU ?
- KAPAN KALIAN MELAKSANAKAN KEGIATAN TERSEBUT ?
- DIMANA KEGIATAN TERSEBUT DILAKSANAKAN?
- SIAPA SAJA YANG PERLU KALIAN LIBATKAN DALAM KEGIATAN TERSEBUT ?
- BAGAIMANA CARA KALIAN MEMANFAATKAN POTENSI YANG ADA DAN MENGANTISIFASI MASALAH YANG AKAN TIMBUL, SEHINGGA KEGIATAN TERSEBUT AKAN BERJALAN LANCAR SESUAI DENGAN RENCANA

ANAK-ANAKU YANG SAYA BANGGAKAN !

SEKEDAR SARAN , COBALAH KALIAN BUAT RENCANA JANGKA PENDEK MISALNYA, BAGAIMANA AGAR ULANGAN HARIAN YANG AKAN DATANG PADA MATA PELAJARAN KIMIA NILAINYA TIDAK KURANG DARI DELAPAN ?
PADAHAL ULANGAN SEBELUMNYA BERKISAR EMPAT DAN ENAM.
BAGAIMANA PERASAAN KALIAN APABILA TUJUAN YANG DIHARAPKAN TERSEBUT TERCAPAI ?
ITULAH SUKSES KALIAN YANG PERTAMA KALIAN RASAKAN.
TENTU KALIAN RINDU DENGAN SUKSES BERIKUTNYA.

TERAKHIR …..ADA SEORANG AHLI MANAJEMEN BERKATA “ KALAU KITA INGIN SUKSES ADA 3 HAL YANG PERLU KITA PERHATIKAN DAN KITA LAKUKAN, ANTARA LAIN :

1. PERENCANAAN
2. PERENCANAAN
3. PERENCANAAN

DEMIKIAN NASIHAT DAN INFORMASI YANG BISA SAYA SAMPAIKAN. MUDAH-MUDAHAN BISA BERGUNA DAN BERMANFAAT BAGI KEHIDUPAN KALIAN SEKARANG, SERTA DIJADIKAN RENUNGAN UNTUK PERJALANAN KALAIN DIMASA MENDATANG.

ASSALAMU’ALAIKUM WR.WB





























PROPOSAL

LOMBA TATA UPACARA BENDERA (LTUB)
TINGKAT WILAYAH SE JAWA BARAT



Tanggal 5 juni 2007

















Pemerintah Kabupaten Garut
DINAS PENDIDIKAN
SMA NEGERI I GARUT
JALAN SILIWANGI NO.2 TILP. (0262) 233681 GARUT
2007
          (CAN-ESTEVAN) AMO Mechanical Technician - Estevan, SK        
About Us: Baker Hughes, a GE company (NYSE:BHGE) is the world’s first and only fullstream provider of integrated oilfield products, services and digital solutions. Drawing on a storied heritage of invention, BHGE harnesses the passion and experience of its people to enhance productivity across the oil and gas value chain. BHGE helps its customers acquire, transport and refine hydrocarbons more efficiently, productively and safely, with a smaller environmental footprint and at lower cost per barrel. Backed by the digital industrial strength of GE, the company deploys minds, machines and the cloud to break down silos and reduce waste and risk, applying breakthroughs from other industries to advance its own. With operations in over 120 countries, the company’s global scale, local know-how and commitment to service infuse over a century of experience with the spirit of a startup – inventing smarter ways to bring energy to the world. Follow Baker Hughes, a GE company on Twitter @BHGECo, or visit us at BHGE.com. Role Summary: This position will be involved in assembling, testing, maintenance and repairing completions tools for operations. Additionally, the successful candidate will be distributing workload and supervising pre-defined procedures in line with established work practices. Essential Responsibilites: + Complete tool inspections in accordance with engineering drawings. + Conduct pressure and pull testing. + Assembling new and refurbishing tools. + Troubleshoot, repair and provide maintenance as required. + Align with our quality management systems and high HSE standards. + Ensure maintenance data records are updated and apply conditional based maintenance routines to enable problem equipment failure investigations. Qualifications/Requirements: + High School Diploma or equivalent experience. + General Oil Field knowledge and/or work experience. + Very mechanically inclined. + Must know how to read and interpret blue prints and schematics. + Strong computer skills. Desired Characteristics: + Engineering or Mechanical Technical diploma. + Knowledge/Working experience with SAP. + Previous supervision experience. + Ability to work with minimal supervision as well as with other. Locations: Estevan, SK Baker Hughes, a GE company is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Employment decisions are made without regard to race, color, religion, national or ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, disability, protected veteran status or other characteristics protected by law. Learn more at https://www.eeoc.gov/employers/upload/poster_screen_reader_optimized.pdf **Job:** _Services_ **Title:** _AMO Mechanical Technician - Estevan, SK_ **Location:** _Canada-Saskatchewan-ESTEVAN_ **Requisition ID:** _1708585_
          (USA-TX-HOUSTON) Welder - Houston, TX        
**About Us:** Baker Hughes, a GE company (NYSE:BHGE) is the world’s first and only fullstream provider of integrated oilfield products, services and digital solutions. Drawing on a storied heritage of invention, BHGE harnesses the passion and experience of its people to enhance productivity across the oil and gas value chain. BHGE helps its customers acquire, transport and refine hydrocarbons more efficiently, productively and safely, with a smaller environmental footprint and at lower cost per barrel. Backed by the digital industrial strength of GE, the company deploys minds, machines and the cloud to break down silos and reduce waste and risk, applying breakthroughs from other industries to advance its own. With operations in over 120 countries, the company’s global scale, local know-how and commitment to service infuse over a century of experience with the spirit of a startup – inventing smarter ways to bring energy to the world. Follow Baker Hughes, a GE company on Twitter @BHGECo, or visit us at BHGE.com. **Role Summary:** Baker Hughes, a GE company has an opening for a Welder in Houston, TX. **Essential Responsibilities:** + Perform visual and in-process inspections in accordance with API and ISO quality specifications + Helps facilitate the team in diagnosing, troubleshooting, and solving welding problems that enhance through-put within the work team + Learns skills to pass periodic welding tests and qualifications in compliance with qualification procedures **Qualifications/Requirements:** + High School Diploma or GED + Able to read blue prints + 8 years of experience in performing welding processes + GMAW, SMAW, FCAW, GSFCAW, GTAW + PTAW, Laser cladding + OAW, LVOF, HVOF + Under direct supervision, performs simple, basic welding application + Understanding of the performance of visual and in-process inspections in accordance with API and ISO quality specifications + Supports the team and team's objectives **Desired Characteristics:** + 1 to 3 years’ previous experience in related oilfield position + 2 years of experience in operating automated or semi-automated welding equipment / processes. + Arc Specialties + Stellite + PT Mat + No relocation assistance is available for this position; only local candidates are being considered. + Candidates must be able to work in the US, for any employer, without sponsorship. **Locations:** Houston, TX Baker Hughes, a GE company is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Employment decisions are made without regard to race, color, religion, national or ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, disability, protected veteran status or other characteristics protected by law. Learn more at https://www.eeoc.gov/employers/upload/poster_screen_reader_optimized.pdf **Job:** _Manufacturing_ **Title:** _Welder - Houston, TX_ **Location:** _Texas-HOUSTON_ **Requisition ID:** _1708241_
          (USA-TX-THE WOODLANDS) Welder - 2nd Shift (Drill Bits) - The Woodlands, TX        
About Us: Baker Hughes, a GE company (NYSE:BHGE) is the world’s first and only fullstream provider of integrated oilfield products, services and digital solutions. Drawing on a storied heritage of invention, BHGE harnesses the passion and experience of its people to enhance productivity across the oil and gas value chain. BHGE helps its customers acquire, transport and refine hydrocarbons more efficiently, productively and safely, with a smaller environmental footprint and at lower cost per barrel. Backed by the digital industrial strength of GE, the company deploys minds, machines and the cloud to break down silos and reduce waste and risk, applying breakthroughs from other industries to advance its own. With operations in over 120 countries, the company’s global scale, local know-how and commitment to service infuse over a century of experience with the spirit of a startup – inventing smarter ways to bring energy to the world. Follow Baker Hughes, a GE company on Twitter @BHGECo, or visit us at BHGE.com. Role Summary: Baker Hughes, a GE company has an opening for a Welder – Drill Bits – 2 nd Shift in The Woodlands, TX. Essential Responsibilities: + Under general supervision, performs welding applications within one or more work teams. + Performs visual and in-process inspections in accordance with API and ISO quality specifications. + Helps facilitate the team in diagnosing, troubleshooting, and solving welding problems that enhance through-put within the work team. + Responsible for supporting the team and team's objectives. + Responsible for training team members. + Required to pass periodic welding tests and qualifications in compliance with qualification procedures. Qualifications/Requirements: + High School Diploma or equivalent diploma. + 1 years of welding experience. + Knowledge of welding processes – TIG/MIG/Stick welding. + Must be able to read blue prints. + Successful candidate will be authorized to work in the US without sponsorship. + Ability and willingness to work overtime. + This position is for the 2nd shift. Working hours are 4pm to 2am. + Require steel toed shoes, hard hat and safety glasses (will provide if needed) Desired Characteristics: + Read paperwork and use computer to retrieve work documents and record production numbers – Windows based applications and SAP as well as Excel spreadsheets + Manufacturing drill bits experience is ideal Locations: The Woodlands, TX Baker Hughes, a GE company is an Equal Opportunity Employer. Employment decisions are made without regard to race, color, religion, national or ethnic origin, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, age, disability, protected veteran status or other characteristics protected by law. Learn more at https://www.eeoc.gov/employers/upload/poster_screen_reader_optimized.pdf **Job:** _Manufacturing_ **Title:** _Welder - 2nd Shift (Drill Bits) - The Woodlands, TX_ **Location:** _Texas-THE WOODLANDS_ **Requisition ID:** _1701659_
          Band-Band visual kei terbaik        
Postingan ini sebenernya hasil copas dari postingannya Gilwjack pada tahun 2009 yang udah saya edit.....




1. X Japan
X Japan merupakan The Founding Father of Visual Kei dan yg membawa VK ke dunia mainstream. Merekalah pioneer band visual kei, mungkin musik band-band visual kei tak akan merajalela seperti sekarang jika band ini tidak pernah muncul. Dandanannya kaya band metal Kiss, yang penuh rumbai-rumbai dan awut-awutan (ga karuan). Di negeri matahari terbit, mereka sukses menciptakan lagu2 Heavy Metal yang bisa di nikmati semua kalangan . Sampe skarang saya masih terus hunting konser2nya yg keren abis. Dengerin aja yg judulnya X, Rose Of Pain, Week End, dan Endless Rain.




2. Luna Sea
Luna Sea erat banget sama X Japan, terutama sang gitaris X Japan yaitu Hide. Bukannya apa2, Luna Sea dulu berlabel Lemonide yg pemiliknya adalah Hide. Jika X Japan didaulat sebagai pendiri Visual Kei, maka banyak yg bilang Luna Sea-lah yg membuat Blue Print Visual Kei. Aliran ini emang unik banget, dan konseptornya ya mereka. Sayang banget, karya2-nya yang terakhir menjurus ke Pop Mainstream. Tapi saya tetep suka terutama Ryuichi yg selalu pas menempatkan suara vokalnya. Rock, metal, pop semuanya dihantam dengan teknik yg baik.




3. Malice Mizer
Jujur aja, band2 yang gw tulis ini hampir semuanya band metal. Hanya ada 3, yang diluar jalur metal. Salah satunya ya Malice Mizer. Aliran band ini adalah France Pop, Gothic Pop, n Baroque kalo ga salah (berarti bener donk)… mereka merupakan salah satu ikon aliran Visual Kei di Jepang. Mana dan Kozi merupakan kekuatan utama band ini. Mana dengan music gothic dan classic-nya serta Kozi dengan music electronic yang mampu menyihir kuping2 para pendengarnya. Pada saat Gackt Caimu menjadi vokalis, musik dari band ini benar2 nikmat….




4. Pierrot
Kirito atau Pierrot itu bener2 tenar di Jepang tahun 90-an. Musik2-nya unik, apalagi kalo denger lagu mereka sambil ngoding. Pas dech… ga terlalu keras dan ga cengeng2 lagunya…. saya suka pas denger lagu Mad Sky yg bener2 friendly buat gw. Lu coba aja dech dari album Dictator Circus ampe last album-nya ID Attack. Kalo kuping sampeyan dah biasa dengerin bahasa Jepang, saya yakin lo suka ma band satu ini. Ni band pecah gara-gara anggotanya yang bersolo karir.



 
5. Rentrer En Soi
Banyak orang bilang kalo Rentrer En Soi bakal sukses seperti Dir En Gray. Tapi kenyataanya lain. RES tak bisa mengikuti Diru dalam kesuksesan. Walau mereka sempat di cap sebagai Copy cat Dir En Grey. Di awal2, mereka punya warna tersendiri yang membuat kuping enak di denger. Yang saya suka tu, lagu Sincereli ama Eyes of Fores. Musiknya khas RES banget. Dandanannya khas, pertama2 saya kira vokalisnya cewe, eh ga taunya cowo. Mereka akhirnya bubar beberapa taon yg lalu (saya lupa taon berapanya… sorry), tapi tetep saya suka mendengarkan lagu2 mereka.



 
6. D’espairsRay
Band monster yang satu ini beredar dari taon 90-an dan bubar pada taon 2011. Musicnya jelas cadas banget, enak didenger, pas buat kuping2 macem gw, edan-edanan deh. Skill yg prima dijamu dengan kecerdasan membuat music yg easy listening. Nyaman banget, walaupun kawan2 saya bilang terlalu keras… (kupingnya ga metal x tu, kebiasaan dengerin pop, gambang kromong ato campur sari). Hehehe… bukannya mau menghina aliran lain, tapi cobalah tuk explorasi aliran2 n band2 musik yg beredar di muka bumi, saya yakin mereka bakal nemuin music yg mereka banget. Ga kepengaruh ma pasaran atao mengkiblatkan sisi ekonomi tuk membuat music. Lah ko’ ngomongin mereka. Coba dengerin aja dech langsung D’espairsRay-nya….




7. Moi Dix Mois 
Band yang dibentuk setelah Malize Mizer bubar barisan ini mampu mengobati rasa rindu saya akan musik2 gothic ala Mana. Mana merupakan kekuatan utama band ini. Dia lah programmer, gitaris, sekaligus yang punya konsep band ini. Aliran Gothic Metal yang bercampur dengan Neo Classic Metal merupakan perpaduan yang muaaantaabbb… Asli, coba denger lagu2-nya yang keras dengan arasemen music klasik. Aksi panggung yang gila-gilaan, tapi tetep asik. Mau coba???




8. Deluhi
Band yang dah disband ini sempat menggebrak para pencinta Visual Kei di seluruh jagad alam ini. Musiknya yang keras, bertema, dan…. Wah hebat deh. saya suka sama lagu mereka terutama Skape Goat, Two Hurt, dan Hybrid Truth. Raungan gitar, dentuman bass dan drum yg menggila, namun selalu selaras. Aneh memang….. kekerasannya berpadu dengan nada2 yang nikmat menjadikan lagu2 mereka menjadi hits populer. Di forum2, banyak yg bilang dia ini newcomers yg yahud….




9. Versailles
Nah lo,,, saya bingung mo mulai dr mana tuk nulis nih band. Semua personelnya punya kekuatan yang hebat. Hizaki yang punya aliran “Old School Metal”, Teru dengan paras wajah yang cantik dan sadis apalagi kalo lg maen melodi (gw suka buanget ma cewe yg bertampang sadis ky gini hehehe… ), Almarhum Jasmine You yg tak akan tergantikan, Yuki drummer yg bertenaga, sampai sang vokalis Kamijo yang cool abis. Aliran band ini Shymponic Metal dengan alunan-alunan biola yg khas…. Keras banget tapi tetep elegan.




10. Matenrou Opera
Band Shymphonic Metal yg lahir ga jauh dari Versailles dan memiliki aliran yang sama. Mereka sering konser bareng, terutama pas konser di Eropa yg membuat bassis Versailles kecapean trus sakit trus…. Die… : ( ko’ ngebahas Versailles sich. Band ini punya bakat music yg ga bisa dibilang biasa. Yuki dan Sono membentuk band ini dengan caranya sendiri. Kekuatan Shimponinya ada pada sang keyboardis, Ayume. Ya, dialah yang menjadi garda terdepan dalam memoles lagu metal biasa agar menjadi shymponic metal. Skill mereka juga luar biasa, saya liat bassisnya ngebetot bassnya cepet banget di lagu Anomie… Cool but not Conventional…




11. The Gazette
Biangnya Visual Kei (VK) saat ini, band ini menjadi band yang benar2 terkenal di Jepang. Band ini juga yang bisa membuat saya penasaran tentang Visual Kei dan akhirnya kebablasan kaya sekarang. Karya2 enak didenger. Lagu2nya lengkap, Light Rock ada, Metal ada, Alternatif Metal ada, Hardcore yg suara2nya kaya orang yg lagi dicemplungin ke Neraka juga ada. Banyak lagu2nya yang enak di denger kayak Shiver, Red ama Cassis yang merupakan karya terbaik mereka.




12. NoGod
Punya nama yg lumayan serem Shinkou Shuukyo Gakudan NoGod, ato kalo kata wong Jakarta “Band Relijius Baru Tanpa Tuhan”. Wuhhh…. saya aja merinding disko denger namanya. Namun kita harus syukuran, slametan dsb, coz itu hanyalah nama saja. Konsep mereka adalah band beraliran metal yg easy listening plus skill yg prima. Banyak orang yg menganggap elemen2 gitar yg dimainkan berkiblat pada Steve Vai atao Satriani, bukan Satria Baja Hitam…. Cuma begitu ngeliat videonya, saya agak kurang suka, lantaran konsep Visual Kei mereka seperti anime bocah banget…. Huuuuuu……..




13. Miyavi
Miyavi atau nama aslinya kalo ga’ salah tu Miyabi. Eit, tapi ini bukan artis “Begonoan”. Dia ini musisi yang handal, bahkan yg saya masukin dlm list ini hampir semuanya band or group. Tapi ia sendirian. Hebatkan….. apresiasi yg saya berikan mang ga mubajir. Dulu dia ini gitaris band Due Le Quartz yg dah lama tewas. Ia memilih solo karir dan terbukti lebih sukses. Seorang multi talent yg tidak hanya pintar bermain music, namun ia juga menjadi produser, dan seorang dancer. Sejarahnya ia merubah nama karena ada seorang artis yg ‘enggak2’ memakai nama Miyabi, terpaksa ia merubah nama agar tak rancu. Musicnya penuh dengan skill2 hebat, lu coba liat maenan gitarnya di Selfish Love, atau lagu Pop Is Dead yg jelas2 menghina music pop….








artikel di atas adalah menurut pendapat saya, persetan yang bilang mereka jelek atau membanding-bandingkan dengan yang lain. semuanya tergantung penikmat musik masing-masing, buat yang mo protes...silahkan!!!







source : Gilwjack.blogspot.com

          01/03/2012        
Francine Stock meets with Minnie Driver and director Marc Evans to discuss their high school musical Hunky Dory, a love letter to 1970's Wales. Austrian Markus Schleinzer discusses his debut Michael, where a paedophile imprisons a young boy in his cellar. Pasquale Iannone explains why The Conformist from 1970 is director Bernardo Bertolucci's masterpiece and a blue print for the American New Wave. And as the Oscar stardust settles, box office analyst Charles Gant reveals what we've actually been watching on the big screen. Producer: Craig Smith.
          Why We Should Be Aware of Where Our Clothes Come From | Seasalt Ambassadorship        
Slow Fashion: Why We Should Be More Aware of Where Our Clothes Come From
NDAL banner

Slow fashion, responsible brands - you've probably heard these terms before but do you know what they actually mean? And how aware are you of where your clothes come from?

I'm been thinking a lot about all these factors and the question of where my clothes come from for a while now, especially since more and more bloggers are talking about slow fashion. I'm reading more and more about the carbon footprint left by big brands and their labour practices and it really concerns me.

Responsible fashion is one of the reasons I decided to accept an ambassadorship at Seasalt this year (you may have read my posts with the pretty green summer dress or the maxi layered over jeans), not just because I've been a lover of their clothes for some years. As a fashion blogger who is often offered free clothing, shoes and jewellery I've become very aware over the years not to accept everything and anything, instead choosing what I do accept very carefully.

The corporate social responsibility of a brand has a lot to do with it for me. I have a very, VERY strict "no fur" policy, for example. And I'm becoming increasingly choosy about working with those brands who produce sustainable garments, have good working practices and care about the environment. I will admit I've succumbed to a lot of fast fashion in the past and while it's hard to avoid all of those brands all of the time, I will say I'm becoming more aware and more responsible as a consumer.

Preppy summer style from Seasalt Cornwall \ multicoloured stripe t-shirt \ wide leg red trousers \ navy knotted neck scarf \ straw fedora hat | Not Dressed As Lamb, over 40 style

What is slow fashion?

"Slow fashion" is the idea that garments are designed, produced and bought for their quality and longevity rather than those pieces that are copied off the catwalks then produced quickly and cheaply via dubious working practices (hence "fast fashion"). Those producing slow fashion are responsible brands, not just where the materials used and resources are concerned but also with regards to workers in all areas of the business.

I'm proud to say that Seasalt is a responsible brand and I'm proud to be representing them this year. What is interesting is that as a company they don't really shout about their practices or their environmental policies. They believe that ALL clothing retailers should work this way and that it should be the norm, not the exception.

Why I'm working with Seasalt this year

Seasalt does things differently to many fashion brands: They use top quality fabrics and they produce unique prints designed in Cornwall. They run their shops and design studio with the impact on the environment in mind and work with their suppliers to reduce their carbon footprint. They employ over 500 people and are one of Cornwall's biggest employers. 

Add to that their fundraising, their claim to being the first company to gain Soil Association certification back in 2005 (meaning they're pioneers of organic cotton) and their win at The Queen's Awards for Enterprise Sustainable Development in 2013. The list goes on and on.

I'm won over by their company culture. I went to spend the day at the head office down in beautiful Falmouth in March and was blown away by the general "good vibes" about the place. I visited all the offices, the customer service team, the design team and saw a photo shoot in action.

They told me they have never compromised on quality and recognise the importance of long-lasting products that are good value… they make the claim (and quite rightly IMO!) that "you won't find better".

By being open and honest about their production processes and informing their customers about how the clothes are designed and made, Seasalt's customers understand what goes into producing a quality garment. The chances of a responsible brand selling a dress that retails for $5 is pretty remote, therefore I'm happy to pay slightly higher prices for good quality clothes. I wrestle with my conscience when I know that something is as cheap as chips... it just feels wrong. REALLY wrong.

Hot weather style: Printed green summer dress \ pompom and tassel embellished sandals | Not Dressed As Lamb, over 40 style
I'm working with Seasalt not just because I like their preppy vibe, their timeless garments and their excellent raincoats; I'm working with them because I'm proud to represent a brand that basically has its head screwed on right and sets standards by which ALL brands should work.

What Seasalt sells

I love Seasalt's preppy vibe and nautical inspiration - when a company is based down by the sea it's going to happen naturally, isn't it?! Here are some examples of pieces I picked from their website that I love that I also feel show off the brand at its best:

Seasalt Cornwall SS17 \ Breton stripe sailor top in green \ blue print fit and flare dress \ yellow leather satchel
L-R: Breton Sailor T-shirt - I have this t-shirt and I couldn't love that shade of green more | Painted Boats Dress - the same fit and flare shape as my green dress, it's so comfy and flattering | Rosenithon Mustard Yellow Leather Satchel - the perfect crossbody bag in one of my favourite colours

As well as clothing, did you know they also sell...

Accessories and footwear
Raincoats and wellies
Homewares (bed linen, pottery, towels, blankets)
Gifts (for him, for her, and for the dog)

Another thing I love is that Seasalt design all their own prints - everything is designed in-house and is inspired by Cornwall. The print on my maxi dress was inspired by boat windsails and the repeated pattern of my green summer dress (when you look closely you can see them) is actually garlic bulbs.

Summer dressing: Strappy printed maxi dress over jeans and white t-shirt \ retro styling \ preppy style | Not Dressed As Lamb, over 40 blog
Hot weather style: Printed green summer dress \ pompom and tassel embellished sandals | Not Dressed As Lamb, over 40 style

Sailor stripes - a staple item in your wardrobe

Seasalt sells superior quality sailor stripe garments (I have this lush green stripe sailor t-shirt) which are made from Soil Association-certified 100% organic cotton and always available in lots of colours. Breton-style tops just don't date so buying quality ones is a no-brainer: Because of their excellent quality, Seasalt's sailor stripes wash, wear and last for ages.

Seasalt raincoats

I've had my Seasalt raincoat for several years and it's always my go-to for walking the dog or any day it looks like the weather is going to be playing up. It keeps me super warm as well as dry. All their raincoats are waterproof, have fully taped seams and are breathable and wind-resistant. I have worn my raincoat in the drowniest of downpours and I stayed TOTALLY dry underneath...!

Bright spring weather outfit: Floral Seasalt raincoat \ high neck stripe Breton top \ wide leg cotton denim trousers \ red brogues \ ochre bucket bag | Not Dressed As Lamb, over 40 style

About the company and the service

Delivery

Seasalt are a UK company but they deliver everywhere. They offer:

  • Free UK returns
  • Free standard UK P&P over £50
  • Next working day UK delivery for £6.95
  • International delivery from £7.08

Goods are packaged really nicely too - no excessive packaging, however, and it's reusable and recyclable.

Social and environmental responsibility

Seasalt is committed to being a socially and environmentally responsible business. I love this transparency - it makes me realise that those brands that aren't so transparent about their working practices are probably not doing good things where the planet and the people on it are concerned. They say that:

  • They're committed to improving and maintaining their environmental performance 
  • They seek to follow the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI) base code which summarises the labour standards towards which they aim to hold themselves and their suppliers accountable 
  • They're increasing the number of products they manufacture locally in the South West, Guernsey and across the UK 

Bravo, Seasalt. The more I learn about good working practices and slow fashion, the more I like it.

The beauty of slow fashion

I really believe in making a difference where other people and the world around me are concerned. I never have that attitude of "Oh, what difference can I possibly make". I always recycle as much as I possibly can and try and reduce my waste. I always vote. I'll always try and save that baby bird that's fallen out of its nest. I always believe in speaking out rather than being indifferent. In other words, I care about stuff.

By making conscious choices about the clothes we buy we can ALL make a difference. We can all try to buy less - and buy more responsibly. Fighting for fair pay and good working conditions for workers and caring about the environment should be a priority for anyone interested in fashion, and we can do that by the choices we make when buying clothes.

Slow fashion isn't concerned with on what's on trend right now. It's about buying and wearing timeless garments that you truly love that also last. Top marks to Seasalt for being so "slow fashion-forward"!


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HOW ARE AWARE OF SLOW FASHION ARE YOU, AND WHAT CONSCIOUS CHOICES DO YOU MAKE WHERE FAST/SLOW FASHION IS CONCERNED? TELL ME IN THE COMMENTS OR TWEET ME @NOTLAMB!

Catherine

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          061 There's A New Player In Town And Answers To Many Podcasting Questions        

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          PIG BROTHER AND THE MINISTRY OF TRUTH W/ JP SOTTILE- 12 December, 2016        
In 1948, George Orwell created what appears to be the blue print for the totalitarian state that is slowly being implemented by the current administration. The book, 1984, was meant to be a satirical commentary on despotism and the ongoing threat of tyranny around the world. The dystopian novel spoke of a time where citizens were forbidden to do almost everything. Their subservience was achieved through the control of the media under the auspices of The Ministry of Truth that was in charge of destroying evidence, changing facts and creating propaganda for the masses. Orwell put it plainly and bluntly: “We know that no one ever seizes power with the intention of relinquishing it.”

          KEARIFAN TRADISIONAL DAYAK LINOH DIKAITKAN PANCASILA         

Oleh : Kristianus Atok

Pendahuluan.

 

Dari judul di atas maka dalam tulisan ini, penulis akan mencoba lebih memusatkan perhatian, serta menyoroti falsafah Dayak Linohkhususnya yang ada di kabupaten Sintang Kalimantan Barat sebagai suatu wujud maupun konsep budaya yang memiliki kesamaan dengan nilai-nilai luhur Pancasila. Salam tabik-tabik...  merupakan blue print kehidupan manusia dayak yang tampak, sebagai satu kesatuan kosmologi bersama sekian ribu milyar gugus partikel alam yang ada di jagad ini.

Salam adat Suku Linoh berbunyi :“Tabik-tabik  totak  ilik, ampun-ampun totak ulu, ke ilik aku betabik dongan sanak menyadik, ke ulu aku minta’ ampun dongan suku-juru”. Terjemahan kata-kata pada salam tersebut adalah :“ Saudara sekalian,kaum famili, dan handai taulan yang terhormat, yang duduk di sebelah hilir maupun yang duduk di sebelah hulu, Saya mohon ijin dan permisi, mohon ampun maaf atas kelancangan Saya berbicara ini”. Salam adat ini biasanya diucapkan oleh para Tetua Adat dalam membuka kata sambutannya pada suatu acara adat atau pesta adat atau gawai. Kata sambutan itu berisi nasehat atau petuah adat yang disebut ‘Buang Taba’.

Buang baba ini umumnya berisi Falsafah hidup atau pandangan hidup yang disampaikandalam bentuk pribahasa, misalnya: “Aik sama dituba’k, babas sama dipehuma, buah sama dipantoh”, artinya adalah air sama dituba untuk mencari ikan bersama, tanah (babas) sama digarap untuk ladang, dan buah-buahan sama-sama diambil untuk dimakan bersama. Makna dari falsafah hidup ini menyatakan bahwa dalam hidup bersama harus saling memperhatikan, saling membantu dan tolong-menolong. Pandangan hidup seperti ini sangat cocok dikembangkan dalam persekutuan hidup.  Jika mau berladang pada tanah orang lain harus memberitahu dan meminta ijin pada pemiliknya. Demikian pula buah-buahan boleh sama mengambil dan memakan tetapi harus pula meminta pada pemiliknya supaya tidak dituduh mencuri dan kena sanksi adat.

Buang baba yang sampaikan dalam acara perkawinan adat  juga dalam bentuk peribahasa sebagai nasihat perkawinan,  bunyinya sebagai berikut: “Tilan makah paha, Landuk makah Pusuh. Isan onang diamik kebala, menantu onang pakai musuh. Sempidan seinit-init, seinit-init di batang padi, ikin beisan bah bait-bait, onang uba bulan dongan matahari”. Artinya bahwa dalam hidup persekutuan perkawinan harus selalu menjaga hubungan baik dan harmonis antara keluarga besar perkawinan itu seperti bisan, mertua, dan menantu. Hidup sebagai keluarga besar perkawinan jangan seperti bulan dan matahari yang tidak pernah bertemu dan berkomunikasi.

 


Salam Adat Tabik-tabik.. Dan sila ke-dua Pancasila

 

Salam tabik-tabik.. itu merupakan pola-pola pemikiran serta tindakan tertentu yang terungkap dalam aktivitas yang kemudian dikenal sebagai kebudayaan, sehingga pada hakikatnya kebudayaan itu sesuai dengan apa yang di katakan Ashley Montagu, yaitu a way of life. Cara hidup tertentu, yang memancarkan identitas tertentu pula  pada suatu bangsa. Dapat juga di kemukakan, kebudayaan adalah keseluruhan proses dan hasil perkembangan manusia yang di salurkan dari generasi-kegenerasi untuk kehidupan manusiawi yang lebih baik ( Soerjanto Poespowordoyo, 1989 : 218 – 219). Dilihat dari dimensi wujud menurut para ahli kebudayaan terbentuk atas tiga wujud yakni (1) sujud sebagai suatu Kompleks gagasan, atau ide,  (2) wujud sebagai suatu kompleks aktivitas, dan yang ke-(3) wujud benda. Yang pertama disebut sistem budaya , yang kedua disebut sistem sosial, sedangkan yang ketiga adalah kebudayaan  fisik.Dari sanalah kita dapat melihat  bahwa kebudayaan dapat juga difahami sebagai dialektika masa lampau dan masa depan yang bersentetis dengan masa sekarang. Kalau ia dilihat sebagai kompleks ide maka kebudayaan itu merupakan sistem pengetahuan, atau sistem makna,  system of meaning (Parsudi Suparlan, 1980, seperti dikutip oleh  Hans J. Daeng, 2000). Secara semiotik, kebudayaan merupakan reaksi competenceyang dimiliki bersama oleh anggota-anggota suatu masyarakat untuk mengenal lambang-lambang, untuk menginterpretasi, dan untuk menghasilkan sesuatu. Kebudayaan dalam batasan itu akan mengejawantah terutama sebagai performance, sebagai suatu keseluruhan dari kebiasaan-kebiasaan tingkah laku  dan hasil-hasil darinya. (Aart Van Zoest,  1992).

Tingkah laku manusia Dayak masih sangat dipengaruhi oleh kosmologi rumah panjang. Rumah panjang adalah jantung struktur social kehidupan orang Dayak. Rumah panjang lebih dari suatu bangunan untuk tempat tinggal suku Dayak, dia adalah ekspresi  dimana budaya mereka cerminan mengenai keber-samaan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Di dalam rumah betang setiap kehidupan individu dalam rumah tangga dan masyarakat secara sistematis di atur melalui kesepakatan bersama yang dituangkan dalam Hukum Adat (Johansen, 2014). 
Bagi masyarakat Dayak Rumah panjang/rumah betang tidak saja sekedar ungkapan legendaris kehidupan nenek moyang, melainkan juga suatu pernyataan secara utuh dan konkret tentang tata pamong desa, organisasi sosial serta sistem kemasyarakatan, sehingga tak pelak menjadi titik sentral kehidupan warganya
            Upaya  pengungkapan unsur-unsur kebudayaan yang dimiliki oleh suku-suku bangsa seperti yang sedang dilakukan saat ini sudah seharusnya mendapat perhatian. Keberadaan unsur kebudayaan tersebut tersebar luas di berbagai daerah ataupun wilayah di Indonesia. Oleh karena itu usaha untuk pelestarian dan pengembangannya perlu tetap dilakukan sehingga unsur-unsur kebudayaan yang pernah tumbuh dan berkembang tidak hilang begitu saja, apalagi  unsur kebudayaan tersebut  merupakan sumber yang potensial dalam mewujudkan kebudayaan nasional.
Dari pendapat diatas maka salam adat tabik-tabik... dapatlah kita lihat sebagai salah satu wujud kebudayaan  yang juga merupakan salah satu cara dan sekaligus media pengungkapan dari suatu himpunan gagasan atau ide yang merupakan dialektika masa lampau dan masa depan yang bersentesis dalam masa sekarang, seperti yang disebut diatas. Bukan hanya itu saja, sebagai homo sapiens (manusia bijak, berkebudayaan) dan homo religiosus(manusia religius) maka manusia dayak juga dalam banyak hal  mencoba menghubungkan fenomena di alam raya dengan  keadaban manusia. Jadi sungguh jelas bahwa salam tabik-tabik mengandung muatan sila kedua dari Pancasila yaitu Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab.
Dengan lain perkataan manusia yang beradab memanifestasikan diri ke alam manusia dan itulah hierofani, teofani atau apa yang oleh Eliade disebut sebagai “mental alam” yang kudus. Dalam hal adil, orang Dayak Linoh juga mengamalkannya pada mahluk yang tidak kelihatan, namun diyakini ada.Untuk berkomunikasi dengan mereka  yang diyakini sungguh ada dan penuh kekuatan serta menjadi sumber kehidupan dan energi, manusia (dayak) memakai ritus sebagai sarana. Dengan menggunakan ritus, manusia beralih dari keadaan profan ke situasi sakral. (Saliba, 1978, hlm 53, seperti dikutip  Hanz J. Daeng, 2000). Disinilah ungkapan falsafah  Dayak ini lahir sebagai suatu bagian dari dari  the idea of the holy (gagasan tentang yang kudus). Dimana secara fenomenologi–religi, pada masyarakat tradisional, seluruh kosmos terbuka untuk yang kudus. Jika dikaitkan dengan Pancasila, maka hubungan  antara salam adat tabik-tabik... dengan pancasila itu sangatlah dekat.

Dalam hubungannya dengan tulisan ini maka nilai sila kedua Pancasila “ Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab” yang dimaksud adalah menyangkut berbagai aspek pengungkapan maupun pengakuan masyarakat Dayak Linoh  terhadap berbagai fenomenologi jagat yang difahaminya menurut batas kemampuannya sebagai manusia saat itu. Jadi yang  dimaksud dengan sebuah  ekspresi kemanusiaan tidak pernah hanya merupakan teks yang terisolasi dan statis, sebaliknya ekspresi kemanusiaan mencakup aktifitas yang meniti waktu (processual), sebuah bentuk kata kerja, sebuah tindakan yang berakar pada situasi sosial yang melibatkan orang-orang nyata dalam kebudayaan dan era sejarah tertentu, seperti yang dikatakan oleh Edward M. Burner, “Exsperience and  its Expression”  dalam The Anthropology of Experience yang di edit bersama Victor Turner dan  Edward  Bruner 1982, seperti dikutip oleh Sal Murgianto dalam tulisannya Mengkaji kajian Pertunjukan (Pudentia MPSS, 1998).

Paham orang Linoh tentang kematian misalnya, bahwa orang yang meninggal bersekutu dan bersatu dengan roh para leluhur telah mendapat tempat yang disebut “Sebayan” (bahasa Linohnya). Mereka yang meninggal dianggap bersatu dengan roh para leluhurnya yang telah meninggal. Hanya saja roh para leluhur ini sering diidentik dengan roh hantu (Jolu dalam bahasa Linonya). Maka dalam upacara  Bebukung  itu sendiri menurut paham Suku Linoh identik dengan hantu (Jolu rimbak). Maka jika ada orang yang meninggal sering menakutkan. Orang yang ditunjuk memerankan Bukung ini sebagai hantu untuk mengangkat dan memikul peti jenazah sampai ke makamnya. Sesungguhnya, paham yang benar adalah orang yang meninggal tidak menjadi hantu atau dimakan hantu, tetapi bersatunya roh orang meninggal itu dengan roh para leluhur nenek-moyang.

Bagi orang Linoh ritual “Sengkolan” atau “Sengkelan” dalam upacara  pembebasan pantangan lainnya yang selalu menggunakan darah. Darah bagi manusia adalah lambang kehidupan, karena tanpa darah, manusia akan mati. Darah dijadikan simbol pembebasan dan penyelamatan. Di dalam upacara perkawinan, darah menjadi “meterai” yang mengikat perjanjian kedua mempelai yang menikah itu.

Secara umum, sebagaimana yang terungkap dalam ungkapan salam tabik-tabik...., bahwa masyarakat Dayak Linoh mengajarkan kebiasaan bagi yang muda atau merasa muda untuk menghormati yang lebih tua atau yang dituakan. Karena itu,  salam tabik-tabik merupakan perwujudan dari beberapa adat dalam lingkungan keluarga suku Dayak Linoh (Jemari, 2015), antara lain:
1.      Penghormatan kepada nilai kemanusiaan
Menurut adat kebiasaan, seorang yang lebih muda harus menghormati yang lebih tua. Sedangkan yang lebih tua atau yang dituakan harus melindungi, menjaga serta membimbing yang lebih muda. Rasa hormat dari si anak terhadap kerabat atau saudara dari ayah dan ibunya harus dijaga dengan baik. Misalnya seorang anak menyebut kakeknya dengan sebutan akik, dan menyebut neneknya dengan sebutan innik.
Begitupun dengan kerabat. Orang dayak berpandangan bahwa menjaga kehormatan kerabat sama dengan menghormati orang tua sendiri. Sebaliknya, menyakiti kerabat sama dengan menyakiti otang tua sendiri. Karena itu seorang anak mesti berupaya menjaga nama baik kaum kerabatnya sebagaimana menjaga nama baik orang tuanya.
2.      Sikap tidak sombong dalam berbicara-sikap beradab
Dalam hal berbicara, masyarakat daya (Khususnya Linoh) tidak dikenal istilah tingkatan bahasa sebagaimana di Jawa, Sunda dan Bali. Untuk menghormati lawan bicara, masyarakat Dayak mengajarkan sikap hormat dan suara yang pelan dalam dalam pengaturan nada bicaranya. Selain itu kata-kata yang disampaikan biasanya dalam bentuk peribahasa.
Menggunakan kata “aku” bagi masyarakat dayak Linoh dianggap sudah biasa, bukannya kasar atau tidak hormat sebagaimana pada sebgai suku yang lain. Sikap bicara dan tingkah laku dalam menghormati lawan bicara tidak boleh bertolak pinggang, karena dianggap tidak sopan. Apalagi jika lawan bicara dalam keadaan duduk. Termasuk kurang sopan dalam pengajaran masyarakat dayak adalah menganngguk untuk iya atau menggeleng untuk penolakan yang tidak disertai dengan suatu ucapan.

3.      Sikap keadilan-egaliter
Dalam tradisi orang Dayak, keadilan tidak diartikan membagi harta, tetapi tercermin dalam perilaku duduk dalam upacara. Tidak ada ketentuan harus duduk di mana, karena tidak ada tempat duduk khusus pada rumah panjang, sebagaimana kursi atau sopa. Akan tetapi carilah tempat duduk di bilik tamu dengan memperlihatkan cara duduk yang sopan. Sikap duduk yang sopan menurut tradisi orang Dayak adalah dengan duduk bersimpuh bagi perempuan dan duduk bersila untuk laki-laki.

Salam tabik-tabik dan sila ke-lima Pancasila

Dalam mengalami berbagai gesekan (pengalaman) dengan alam, manusia akan dituntun kepada suatu penemuan-penemuan serta pemahaman-pemaham baik secara individu maupun bersama-sama dalam suatu masyarakat, yang melalui proses tertentu telah terkonsentrasi menjadi suatu yang kelak akan melahirkan suatu format pemahaman-pemahaman  bagai mana harus menjalani hidup berkeadilandan kehidupan yang harmonis di alam lingkungannya. Disanalah nilai-nilai pancasila dihadirkan, bukan lagi dipahami sebagai mitos darisesuatu fenomena yang masih mentah, tetapi telah menjadi sesuatu jawaban dari keinginan-keinginan untuk menemukan jawaban dari berbagai fenomena kehidupan ini. Jadi seperti yang diungkapkan oleh J Van Baal (1987) sebagaimana dikutip oleh Hans J. Daeng, mitos adalah sebagai cerita didalam kerangka sistem suatu religi masa lalu dan kini  telah atau sedang berlalu sebagai kebenaran keagamaan. Sedangkan mitologi adalah suatu cara mengungkapkan, menghadirkan Yang Kudus, Yang Ilahi melalui konsep serta bahasa simbolik. Mitologi jugalah yang memungkinkan manusia memberi tempat bermacam-macam, pengalaman yang diperolehnya selama hidup ( Hans J. Daeng, 2000).

 Sebagaimana layaknya makhluk yang disebut maupun yang menyebut dirinya manusia sementara ini, manusia dayak juga memiliki integritas kemanusiaan  yaitu semacam lingkaran fungsional (fungtionskreis), atau mungkin juga semacam kemampuan naluriah untuk bersatu dan selaras dengan lingkungannya. Dimana manusia dayak yang kebetulan secara historis-geografis pernah,  bahkan masih hidup di pedalaman (sekarang sisa) hutan kalimantan, yang telah melewati entah berapa ribu kali fase evo-(atau bahkan) revolusi, tentunya telah melakukan adaptasi-adaptasi ekologis tertentu yang membentuk suatu kristalisasi format nilai kosmologi tertentu pula. Inilah yang kemudian sangat mempengaruhi kerangka sistem berfikir maupun bertingkah laku manusia dayak pada akhirnya.

Biasanya kita dapat melihat visualisasinya dalam tradisi lisan baik yang berupa cerita mitos, dalam upacara-upacara ritual, pantangan atau “kearifan-kearifan” hidup lainnya yang terkadang secara logika sangat sulit diterangkan. Oleh sebab itu manusia dayak dalam menghadapi berbagai fenomena alam dan kehidupan memiliki kecendrungan untuk mengembangkan  cara berfikir yang sangat kompleks citra semesta  (bandingkan dengan YB. Mangun wijaya, 1999), Atau semacam percampuran yang merupakan senyawa padat pekat antara logika, mitologi dan naluri, Extranes Wissen(pengetahuan luar kesadaran). Jadi akan sangat sulit untuk menarik suatu  batas yang jelas, mana yang  logika, mitologi atau naluri. Untungnya hal ini dibantu oleh nilai-nilai pancasila yang sudah terumuskan.

Lihat saja keseharian mereka yang melompat dari upacara ke upacara,  hidup, legenda, mitos yang telah menjadi suatu sistem budaya, termasuklah penungkapan salam tabik-tabik ini tadi  yang bertumpu kepada hukum keseimbangan jagat (alam) dan usaha-usaha kearah pemeliharaannya, tentu. Misalnya melalui metanonia (pertobatan dan bersih diri) yang bisa berwujud sesajian, upacara-upacara (adat) tertentu atau melalui sikap hidup pada upacara syukuran.

Upacara syukur ini bisa saja dibuat bersama dengan upacara syukur yang disebut “Gawai Nyelapat Tahun” tadi. Tujuannya adalah bersyukur atas berkat dan rezeki yang telah diterima sepanjang tahun itu. Upacaranya bisa saja dibuat dengan Misa Syukur dan pemberkatan alat-alat pertanian dan benih padi itu.

Sangat disayangkan, praktik upacara Gawai Suku Linoh ini  yang merupakan ucapan syukur dan penghormatan terhadap Roh para leluhur telah banyak kehilangan makna dan fungsinya. Rumah adat (Betang) yang merupakan simbol persatuan dan kebersamaan secara adat sudah tidak ada lagi. Penyelenggaraan adat Gawai ini pada umumnya di gedung pertemuan atau di rumah penduduk. Kegiatan ini sering diisi dengan acara perjudian seperti sabung ayam dengan dalih sebagai ‘sabung adat’. Jaman dahulu, sabung adat ini diselenggarakan untuk penyelesaian perkara adat. Demikian pula biaya yang dikeluarkan sangat besar dan ini merupakan pemborosan yang bersifat hura-hura dengan makan-minumnya. Sementara inti dari upacara itu sendiri kurang dipraktikkan dengan sesungguhnya.

 

Paham Suku Linoh mengenai keadilan sosial, adalah terjemahan terhadap cinta terhadap Tuhan, sejak jaman nenek-moyang mereka telah mengakui adanya Tuhan, baik yang berkuasa pada alam atas, alam bawah, dan alam air. Suku Linoh memahami para penguasa itu yang dipahami sebagai Tuhan dalam berbagai kehadiran dengan realitasnya. Dalam praktik hidup sehari-harinya selalu menjaga keharmonisan hubungan dengan para penguasa itu supaya selamat dan sejahtera dalam perlindungannya dengan memberikan sesajian.

Falsafah hidup atau pandangan hidup Suku Linoh sebagaimana diungkapkan dalam pribahasa berikut : “Aik sama dituba’k, babas sama dipehuma, buah sama dipantoh”, artinya adalah air sama dituba untuk mencari ikan bersama, tanah (babas) sama digarap untuk ladang, dan buah-buanan sama-sama diambil untuk dimakan bersama. Makna dari falsafah hidup ini menyatakan bahwa dalam hidup harus diamalkan keadilan sosial (sila ke-lima). Nilai-nilai ini mencerminkan  saling memperhatikan, saling membantu dan tolong-menolong. Pandangan hidup seperti ini sangat cocok dikembangkan dalam persekutuan hidup.  Jika mau berladang pada tanah orang lain harus memberitahu dan meminta ijin pada pemiliknya. Demikian pula buah-buahan boleh sama mengambil dan memakan tetapi harus pula meminta pada pemiliknya supaya tidak dituduh mencuri dan kena sanksi adat.

 

Di dalam kebudayaan manusia banyak terdapat  unsur-unsur yang saling bersentuhan dan berinteraksi baik langsung maupun tidak langsung dengan nilai-nilai Pancasila. Ada banyak unsur dalam kebudayaan yang memang mempunyai hubungan dengan kehidupan berbangsa.   Unsur-unsur yang terkandung dalam  kebudayaan tersebut, sebagian di antaranya dapat diintegrasikan ke dalam kehidupan berbangsa melalui suatu proses pendidikan dan agama Katolik.

Ritual Sengkolan, Ritual Mubuh Mampah, Ritual Tolak Bala, dan Ritual Bebukung pada upacara kematian yang terjadi pada Suku Linoh itu banyak sekali unsur-unsur dan nilai-nilai budayanya. Tentu saja unsur-unsur dan nilai-nilai itu ada yang bermakna positif dan bermakna negatif. Sudah barang tentu pula unsur dan nilai yang bermakna positif tersebut dapat diakulturasi ke dalam Gereja Katolik.

 

Istilah akulturasi dapat dipahami sebagai perpaduan dua budaya dimana kedua unsur kebudayaan bertemu dapat hidup berdampingan dan saling mengisi serta tidak menghilangkan unsur-unsur asli dari kedua kebudayaaan tersebut. Menyimak defenisi diatas, maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa akulturasi sama dengan kontak budaya yaitu bertemunya dua kebudayaan yang berbeda melebur menjadi satu menghasilkan kebudayaan baru tetapi tidak menghilangkan kepribadian/sifat kebudayaan aslinya. Pengertian mengenai dua kebudayaan berbeda menunjukkan bahwa ada kebudayaan lokal (asli) dan kebudayaan yang datang dari luar. Tak dapat dipungkiri bahwa Gereja yang hadir ditengah-tengah kita sekarang adalah sebuah kebudayaan yang datang dari luar, dari barat (Eropa). Ketika Gereja hadir ke suatu tempat atau daerah tertentu maka akan berhadapan dengan masyarakat, suku, atau kelompok yang  sudah mempunyai kebudayaan lokal. Pertemuan keduanya akan menghasilkan sesuatu yang baru dan tidak menghilangkan unsur-unsur yang pokok dari keduanya.

 

Salam adat Tabik-tabik... Dan kosmologi Pancasila

Mungkin perlu juga untuk dikemukakan disini apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan kosmologi. Kosmologi, bahasa Inggrisnya adalah cosmology  yang berasal dari bahasa yunani kosmos (dunia, semesta alam) dan logos (ilmu tentang, alasan pokok bagi, suatu pertimbangan). Beberapa pengertian kosmologi, yang pertama adalah ilmu tentang alam semesta sebagai suatu sistem rasional yang teratur. Yang keduaadalah sering digunakan untuk menunjuk cabang ilmu pengetahuan, khususnya astronomi, yang berupaya membuat hipotesis mengenai asal struktur, ciri khas dan perkembangan alam fikiran berdasarkan pengamatan dan metodologi ilmiah. Yang ketiga adalah ilmu yang memandang alam semesta sebagai suatu keseluruhan yang integralis dan bagian dari alam semesta berdasarkan pengamatan astronomi, merupakan suatu bagian dari keseluruhan tersebut.  Sedangkan yang keempat adalah, secara tradisional,  dianggap sebagai cabang metafisika yang bergumul dengan pertanyaan-pertannyaan mengenai asal dan susunan alam raya, penciptaan dan kekekalan, fitalisme, kodrat hukum, waktu ruang dan kausalitas. Analisis kosmologi  mencoba mencari apa yang berlaku bagi dunia ini…..(Lorens Bagus, 1996).

Nah, dari sini tampaklah bahwa ide-ide kosmologi yang diyakini Dayak Linoh ini adalah nilai nilai yang juga terkandung alam Pancasila. Manusia dayak yang pada saat itu secara tradisional telah mencoba merumuskan ide-idenya tentang fenomena kehidupan, hidup bermasyarakat, enerji  kehidupan ke dalam suatu bentuk pemahaman (tertentu) yang terakumulasi  kedalam  berbagai  aktifitas kebudayaan manusia dayak dan itu adalah Pancasila.
Salam adat Tabik-tabik... disini  bukanlah sekedar ungkapan yang kebetulan memiliki citra rasa seni sastra semata-mata tetapi ia juga harus dilihat sebagai hierofani (yang kudus menampakan diri, atau manifestasi dari yang ilahi), sebagai satu kesatuan jagat ini dengan manusia dayak secara utuh-keseluruhan. Sebab pernyataan salam ini juga merupakan ekspresi kosmologi yang sakral, manipestasi spiritualitas kultural kompleks yang sekaligus juga merupakan bahasa antar pengkosmos yang kaya akan ikon-ikon (tanda), isyarat-isyarat perlambangan atau entah apa pun namanya.

Selain  itu salam adat tabik-tabik...merupakan pengetahuan tentang sketsa ingatan yang terselubung tentang berbagai fenomena kehidupan pada alam semesta raya atau kristalisasi,  filsafat,  moral, adat-istiadat dan sebagainya yang terfiksasikan. Dan ini hanya akan dapat dipahami apabila kita bersedia terjun dan menyelam langsung di kedalaman  sungai keseharian hidup mereka. Disana kita akan menemukan suatu kosmogoni, proses terciptanya alam semesta secara kosmis .

Kesimpulan

Dari uraian di atas maka sampailah kita kepada suatu kesimpulan bahwa hubungan  antara salam adat tabik-tabik... dengan pancasila itu sangatlah dekat. Ada nilai-nilai sila kedua, dan kelima disana. Maka dalam memahami ini,  kita tak boleh lepas dari konsep pemikiran Dayak Linoh di atas tadi. Kita harus mampu melihatnya sebagai suatu keseluruhan sistem yang hidup, sebagai suatu rantai kosmos yang saling berkaitan dan saling tergantung serta ada hubungan timbal balik antara bagian dan keseluruhan.

Jadi manusia Dayak Linoh memang sudah sejak dari awal mulanya telah memiliki suatu penghormatan terhadap hubungan yang suci antar manusia yang tercermin dalam pancasila. Pada akhirnya dapatlah kita simpulkan bahwa salam adat tabik-tabik telah menjelma dari dan menjadi suatu ekspresi kosmologi manusia dayak yang pernah hidup di zamannya. Apabila falsafah kehidupan yang tampaknya sederhana ini dianggap sepele saja, maka sudah dapat dipastikan bahwa sistem pengetahuan Dayak Linoh akan tersisih dan tidak akan ada lagi para  penutur bijak yang mempraktekannya, seperti generasi di rumah betangtempo dulu. Maka tinggalah nonstalgia getir yang teramat kelat (antara rasa pahit, masam, manis, bercampur dengan  obat sariawan untuk dikenang. Di depan layar komputer, generasi manusia dayak mencoba mencari dirinya sendiri, mencari penggalan-penggalan kisah masa lalu, tentang cawat, tentang tato (celingai) di tubuhnya,  tentang dirinya sendiri yang perlahan-lahan tengah bergerak, ngigal-menari,menghilang, mengelepar-gelepar di antara kabel-kabel, tombol-tombol dan layar televisi..



Pontianak, 7 Juli 2015


Referensi :


Andreas, Jemari, 2015 : Kehidupan Menggereja Suku Dayak Linoh, Tesis 
              Magister Theologi Katolik, STP Santo Agustinus Pontianak.
Bagus, Lorens, 1996, Kamus filsafat, Jakarta, Gramedia utama Pustaka.
Daeng,  Hans J.,  2000, Manusia, Kebudayaan dan Lingkungan Hidup, Yogyakarta, Pustaka Pelajar.
Dietz, Ton, 1998,  Hak Atas Sumberdaya Alam,  Yogyakarta, kerjasama pustaka pelajar, INSIST Pres dan REMDEC.
Johansen, Poltak, 2014, Arsitektur Rumah Panjang, Balai Kajian Sejarah Pontianak.
Kristianus, 2015, Ungkapan Falsafah Kearifan Lokal di Kalimantan Barat, Makalah pada FGD Ekspresi budaya Kalimantan, Banjarmasin.
Mangunwijaya, YB., 1999, manusia Pascamodern, Semesta Dan Tuhan, Yogyakarta, Kanisius.
Poespowardojo, Soerjanto, 1989, Strategi Kebudayaan, Jakarta, PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
M. Susuf,  Era Kelisanan Baru , artikel  Kompas, jumat, 2 Juni 2000.
Riberu, J. 1989. Dokumen Konsili Vatikan II. Tonggak Sejarah-Pedoman Arah.   (Terjemahan).   Jakarta:   Dokpen MAWI,  Obor.
Riyanto, Armada. 2011. Gereja Kegembiraan & Harapan (Merayakan 45 Tahun Gaudium et Spes). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Seno Gumira Adjidarma, Indonesia sebagai pasien Jung, Sejarah Tak terkuburkan, Artikel Kompas, Sabtu, 6 Mei 2000.
Sudjiman, Panuti dan Van Zoest, Aart, 1992, Serba-Serbi Semiotika, Jakarta,  PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.




          Shostakovich Violin Concerto 1 with Daniel Hope         

Last week was a difficult one for me. On Monday I fell off my bicycle, cut my knees, grazed my left hand, my left elbow, both of my feet (no idea how that happened) and worst of all, put a little hole in the knee of my favourite black jeans.

On Wednesday, as a result of an overly enthusiastic up bow crescendo that got a little out of control, I managed to move my A string several millimetres to the left along the bridge and took a chunk out of the string binding. Then on Sunday, while on the Cardiff Bay barrage revising for my upcoming OU History exam (argh!), I got woefully sunburnt, proving once again that Irish skin should never be exposed to temperatures in excess of 10 degrees.

However, in the middle of all this woe there was Daniel Hope playing Shostakovich's First Violin Concerto. I was rota'd off, so had the opportunity to listen. It dramatically improved my week.

Many people find this concerto disconcertingly bleak. To be fair, the first movement is not exactly sunbeams and fairies, but as it was composed during the period of Zhdanov's persecution of many Russian artistic figures, I don't think these sentiments were high up Shostakovich's emotional spectrum at the time of its composition.

The second movement can be described in no way other than demonic, and frankly, I think I would need a little lie down after playing it - it demands such stamina from soloist and orchestra! The Passacaglia is heart rending and the extended solo cadenza bridging the third and fourth movements (surely large enough in scope to almost be considered a separate movement in its own right) doesn't so much give way to the finale as it crashes headlong into it. The full throttle finale feels as much like a race to the death as it does a race to the end.

Having recorded this work in 2006 with our colleagues at the BBC Symphony Orchestra, Daniel Hope is obviously exceedingly familiar with both of Shostakovich's violin concertos. However, at no point did this feel like a mundane repetition of a work trawled out for the umpteenth time.

Daniel has amazing technical facility, but that's not what made his playing of this concerto so satisfying for me. He took risks. Instead of a concerto performance that simply begged to be admired for its technical prowess, what we got was an interpretation that genuinely took the audience on a journey. I know that's a cliché, but sometimes clichés become clichés because they're true.

Mr Hope's playing reminded me that I want to take risks with my own playing. It's not enough to play the notes on a page, these are only the composer's blue print. Rather, we have to strive and strive to find the soul behind the music, no matter whether the work be a Bach suite, a brand spanking new contemporary work, a mammoth of the symphonic canon, or a heart wrenching concerto such as Shostakovich's First Violin Concerto.


          my intro to wood working #9: For what it is worth        

I found some blue prints for a 1930ish ford model aa panel van online and when I paired them with the plans I had for the same year of flat bed truck, I figured I could make a wooden toy. At this point I made the crazy decision that I should make 3 at the same time to cut down on set up time with the idea in the back of my mind that if I could make these fast enough, I might be able to sell some. Right now, my skills are quite mediocre and there are so many things that I mis-measure and mess up that it takes me toooooo long to finish a toy. So I can’t justify the type of fee I would charge inorder to get a decent wage for the number of hours involved in the project.

I was very flattered by the chance to sell a few of my first trucks, I just just left it up to the clients to determine what it was worth to them and I was very humbled by how generous they were. I was happy that someone liked my work enough to pay me. Somehow this changed when I started making these trucks. Since the material is all scrap (except for the wheels) I recieve from my friend, my time is the only real expense. I started keeping track of the time and how much the toy would cost if I were to pay myself minimum wage. I found myself becoming more irritated by the mistakes I made (which I now realized was made 3 times) and I found myself skipping some of the little details that I had done on my last projects because I felt I couldn’t afford the time. As the time increased so did the cost of the trucks until last month I figured out that the trucks were unsellable at the time-cost I had in them. I was working on a rear fender that was a 4 step process to create ( drill out the inside, cut out the outside, shape the outside, concave the inside) when the drum sanding attachement I was using on my drill press caught the piece and shot it across the room. It shattered on impact. I stopped working on them, and haven’t been in my shop since.

I am not sure what changed. Perhaps it is my tendency to get bored with projects that don’t feel creative enough, perhaps it is my frustration with my slow-to-develop skills or perhaps it is possible that money can change things. I was under no pressure to make these toys financially viable, but the thought that they might be worth something changed my perspective. Suddenly what I could sell them for became how I measured what they were worth. I guess that sounds silly, but I thought they were worth alot more than I could ever sell them for. Let me explain. I recently gave the peterbuilt truck (it is one of my projects) to my niece’s husband. This is a guy who drives a truck 12+ hours a day, has a part time job cleaning a church and still has time to coach soccer. He is a good man. When I gave him the truck, I could tell that he loved it. It was worth so much to him. It meant as much to him to own it as it did for me to make it. I didn’t get a penny, but I felt like I was a richer man.

I have lost that feeling of being able to accompish anything of value in my wood working. I can’t explain why. I don’t think it was just the trucks, but I can’t help but think that has to be part of it. I still make things with the kids, but every time I look at the 3 carcasses in varying states of completion I get a knot in the pit of my gut and I can’t make myself go back at them. I can’t explain why it just isnt’ worth the effort now that I know what they are costing me more time that they are worth. I guess a more humble man could see this as a lesson in priority, but I still see this as a measure of my worth as an artist and there is something about charging a dollar an hour for your time that is disheartening. I am not sure when that became important to me in my woodworking but I long for the time when my project’s worth was measured in my satisfaction rather than price point. For what it is worth, I still enjoy seeing other people’s work. For what it is worth, I still think about projects I might try someday. For what it is worth, I know that given time, I can create something beautiful. What I have to do now is figure out what that is really worth.


          my intro to wood working #3: old too soon, smart too late        

The other day I spent hours doing 5 minutes of work. I had decided that the firetruck I am working on, should have telescopic outirggers to help it balance when the ladders are fully extended. Of course I am too cheap to buy a pattern so I found some blue prints online (www.seagrave.com) and I have been working from those to try to make this work. I spent hours measuring and drawing and cutting, then recutting, then realizing I cut it too short, then starting over again, then cutting, then cutting the wrong side then… I am guessing some of you may have experienced the same type of thing. A friend came over shortly after and in about 5 minutes showed me how to draw a pattern that worked right the first time. I sat there in stubborn disbelief. Why hadn’t I asked him in the first place? This has been a life long struggle for me. I am not really a vain person in my day to day activities, but I hate asking for help. I am not sure how much of that is wanting to be selfreliant because I don’t want to be vulnerable to others or how much of that is that I love the feeling of having figured it out for myself. My dad had many sayings that he shared with me before I lost him a few years ago. Often, instead of correcting my mistakes, he would simply shake his head and say “old too soon, smart too late”. He knew that my personality leant itself towards wanting to figure it out for myself if the lesson was going to have any meaning. He was also suggesting that trial and error over time would teach me what he couldn’t. He was right. I am discovering that wood working, like life, is so much easier if I am humble enough to admit when I need help and seek the advice of a master to steer me towards the best path for reaching the results I was hoping for. I am so blessed to have someone who is a master carpenter that I can call on for help. There are so many great tips, and lessons I am learning that keep me from wasting time, wasting wood, keep me safe and giving me the tools and skills to be more creative. I am beginning to see that iinstead of being limited by the instruction, I am getting more freedom to use my gifts in different way when I take the master’s advice. I think about my dad’s words alot and I am seeing another master’s advice in them. I am still getting old too soon, but my time covered in saw dust is showing me that perhaps it isn’t too late to become a little smarter.

God Bless
rob


          A Few Things to Know When Building Your House        
Important Things to Know When Building Your House

It is a very good idea to build your home because you will get exactly what you want instead of when you buy, this is when you may need to add somethings or you may not know what you are getting yourself into. The following are a few things to know when building your house.

It is a huge decision choosing the right builder, it is one of the up-most important investments that you will make. Be sure to give an interview to all of the possible contractors and them pick the one that will help make your dream home come true. While you are interviewing the contractors be sure you ask all of the right questions; how long have they been building houses, also if you can view any of his work, and to see references. It is also advisable to choose blue prints that will make a good home now and in the future, your contractor can help with process.

Prior to planning your design consider these things; your budget, the size of the home to be built, all of the wall finishes, design features that you would like, ceiling height, window sizes, and all fixtures, exterior finishings, also your time frame.

If you are having a difficult time picking the colors of the finished home you could make an appointment with a colour consultant, they are trained to guide you through this process. They will make sure that they get the right finish for you right to the very smallest detail. When they have done all of their studying they will provide you with an information packet, be sure to have lots of time because this is a process and you will be sitting for a few hours discussing this.

Along with this information of things to know when building your house don't forget other important things; extras, added costs, fees, services of your designer, and adding your furniture.Learn More Building Tips.

          (USA-MI-Battle Creek) CMM Programmer        
##### Company Introduction This position is for Magna Cosma Casting MI a division of Magna International. As one of the largest automotive suppliers in the world - Magna International is committed to delivering product and process innovations through our world-class manufacturing operations that combine our unique design, engineering and program management expertise. At the heart of our operating structure is a powerful entrepreneurial culture and Fair Enterprise philosophy, which builds ownership and inspires pride in our employees. ##### Job Introduction To support manufacturing by layout verification and certification of parts, assemblies, and check fixtures. The requirements listed below are representative of the knowledge, skill, ability and essential duties required to successfully perform this job. Reasonable accommodations may be made to enable individuals with disabilities to perform the essential functions. ##### Major Responsibilities Essential Duties and Responsibilities * Attain annual safety quality and productivity goals - including Quality department assigned goals * Perform layout inspection of parts, assemblies, and inspection fixtures and gages using the Coordinate Measuring Machine and appropriate measuring devices. * Perform Gage Repair and Calibration * Maintain a priority schedule log for all request submitted layouts. * Maintain the certifications of all gages and inspection instruments. * Maintain a layout schedule for annual checking fixtures certifications. * Perform Gage Repeatability & Reproducibility (GRR) Studies on checking fixtures as required. * Provide layout support for new program development and validation. * Adhere to customer layout standards, methodologies and requirements. * Provide layout inspection reports as required. * Participate in meetings with other departments to review data and develop continuous improvement plans * Maintain confidentiality of information * Maintain safety and housekeeping practices in quality lab and lead by example * Promote and facilitate Open Door process, effective communication and Fair Treatment * Participate in Continual Improvement activities * Adhere to customer requirements, Business Operating System and company policies * Maintain the Quality Assurance Department & CMM computer hardware and software * Perform other duties as assigned ##### Knowledge and Education Education and Experience * Prior blue print reading and GD & T. * Prior layout experience using CMM and related software. * High School diploma, GED or equivalent experience. Technical training preferred. ##### Skills and Competencies Qualifications * Knowledge of measurement system analysis * Able to demonstrate understanding of how job performance affects product quality and customer satisfaction * Able to work well with others; build and maintain positive Team Member relations * Able to prepare, read and interpret written reports, instructions, procedures and guidelines * Proficient in reading and interpreting blueprints, math data, reports, instructions and guidelines * Proficient in using Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerance (GD&T;) * Proficient in using measuring instruments, i.e. caliper, micrometer, height gages, etc. * Able to operate a Coordinate Measuring Machine * Proficient in programming layouts using CMM software * Proficient in personal computer operation and applications in a MS Windows operating system. * Able to effectively present information and respond to questions from management, Team Members, suppliers and customer * Able to safely use slings and hoists * Able to maintain punctuality and good attendance record * Able to maintain confidentiality, and use discretion and tact * Able to manage and schedule multiple priorities and meet deadlines * Able to work flexible hours and overtime * Must display a can-do attitude and be able to work and perform job responsibilities with a minimum amount of direct supervision * Must be able to understand written instructions *Group:* Cosma International *Division:* Cosma Casting Michigan *State/Province/County:* Michigan *City:* Battle Creek *Job Type:* Regular
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Apprentice Process Instrument and Controls Technician (1st Shift)        
A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people. Pfizer, a global leader in the biopharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives. Working within the Reliability Maintenance environment, performs preventive maintenance, modifies, installs, and maintains company process instrument and control systems and provides customer training in the implementation of those systems in compliance with company standards and procedures and government regulations (SOPs, GMPs, GLPs, PSM, etc). Can serve as a maintenance advisor in areas of engineering (process design, material selection, documentation, calibration, testing and problem solving methodology, project scope and follow up). Responsible for priority assessment and decision making as it relates to troubleshooting, diagnostics, assembly, repair, and a proactive maintenance of systems and equipment in a cost effective manner. The Process Instrument /Controls person also installs, configures, maintains and repairs complex computer systems, from Process Logic Controllers to Distributive control systems. He/she configures, calibrates, maintains and repairs state of the art electronic ("smart") process measuring and control instruments, while still maintaining expertise in older technologies, such as pneumatic. He/she has to be aware of and adhere to all electrical codes, particularity intrinsic safety. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic). Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multi-craft work activities as required. Functional/Technical Knowledge: Knowledge of basic discipline. Limited knowledge of industry practices and standards. Problem Solving and Innovation: Develop solutions to routine problems following established Pfizer policies and procedures. Communication in developing and implementing solutions is critical. Discretion, Latitude, Level of Independence: Works with minimal Supervision. Impact and Organizational Contribution: Contributes to the completion of routine tasks. Teamwork/Influence: Contacts are primarily within immediate work group or within normal process-related work flow. Time Span of Work: Daily tasks and deliverables. Results can usually be measured on daily or weekly basis. Journeymen Educational Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree. Journeyman Process Instrumentation and Controls Technician required. Additional qualifications preferred: Electrical License or Licensed Journeyman Electrician. Will consider Electrical License or Licensed Journeyman with Process Instrument and Controls experience. Technical Skills Requirements: Excellent computer user skills are required (Microsoft systems). Blue print reading a plus Excellent communications Skills Strong work ethic and the ambition to be the best. PHYSICAL/MENTAL REQUIREMENTS Routinely exposed to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multi-craft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic). **EEO Statement** **EEO & Employment Eligibility** Pfizer is committed to equal opportunity in the terms and conditions of employment for all employees and job applicants without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, age, gender identity or gender expression, national origin, disability or veteran status. Pfizer also complies with all applicable national, state and local laws governing nondiscrimination in employment as well as work authorization and employment eligibility verification requirements of the Immigration and Nationality Act and IRCA. Pfizer is an E-Verify employer. **Sunshine Act** Pfizer reports payments and other transfers of value to health care providers as required by federal and state transparency laws and implementing regulations. These laws and regulations require Pfizer to provide government agencies with information such as a health care provider's name, address and the type of payments or other value received, generally for public disclosure. Subject to further legal review and statutory or regulatory clarification, which Pfizer intends to pursue, reimbursement of recruiting expenses for licensed physicians may constitute a reportable transfer of value under the federal transparency law commonly known as the Sunshine Act. Therefore, if you are a licensed physician who incurs recruiting expenses as a result of interviewing with Pfizer that we pay or reimburse, your name, address and the amount of payments made currently will be reported to the government. If you have questions regarding this matter, please do not hesitate to contact your Talent Acquisition representative. **Additional Offer Details:** + **Last Date to Apply for Job: August 22, 2017.** + **Grade: 08** A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people. Pfizer, a global leader in the bio-pharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives. Pfizer is an equal opportunity employer and complies with all applicable equal employment opportunity legislation in each jurisdiction in which it operates.
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Journeyman HVAC/R Technician / Apprentice 1st shi        
A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact.All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people.Pfizer, a global leader in the biopharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives.Journeyman Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Journeyman HVAC / R Mechanic required: Additional qualifications preferred: Universal EPA Refrigeration certification, Self-starter with ability to work independently.Apprentice Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Two years HVAC /R related experience preferred.Basic computer user skills are required (Microsoft systems).Blue print reading a plusElectrical diagram reading a plusExcellent communications SkillsStrong work ethic and the ambition to be the best.Completion of the company apprenticeship program or its equivalent is requiredPHYSICAL/MENTAL REQUIREMENTSPotential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic).The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must.A Maintenance Mechanic working within the Operations and Utilities environment, performs preventive maintenance, modifies, installs, and maintains heating, ventilating, air conditioning and refrigeration systems, some of which are located in and/or support production areas. The Mechanic also provides customer training in the implementation of those systems in compliance with company standards and procedures and government regulations (SOPs, GMPs, GLPs, PSM, etc). Can serve as a maintenance advisor in areas of engineering (process design, material selection, documentation, calibration, testing and problem solving methodology, project scope and follow up). Responsible for priority assessment and decision making as it relates to troubleshooting, diagnostics, assembly, repair, and a proactive maintenance of systems and equipment in a cost effective manner.Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include:May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required.Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting.The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must.May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic).Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required.Heavy emphasis on refrigeration knowledge as this position primarily supports chiller operation in API Manufacturing for the Kalamazoo plant.**Please note, there are multiple openings for this
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Journeyman HVAC/R Technician / Apprentice 1st shi        
A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact.All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people. Pfizer, a global leader in the biopharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives.Journeyman Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Journeyman HVAC / R Mechanic required: Additional qualifications preferred: Universal EPA Refrigeration certification, Self-starter with ability to work independently.Apprentice Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Two years HVAC /R related experience preferred.Basic computer user skills are required (Microsoft systems).Blue print reading a plusElectrical diagram reading a plusExcellent communications SkillsStrong work ethic and the ambition to be the best.Completion of the company apprenticeship program or its equivalent is requiredPHYSICAL/MENTAL REQUIREMENTSPotential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic).The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must.A Maintenance Mechanic working within the Operations and Utilities environment, performs preventive maintenance, modifies, installs, and maintains heating, ventilating, air conditioning and refrigeration systems, some of which are located in and/or support production areas. The Mechanic also provides customer training in the implementation of those systems in compliance with company standards and procedures and government regulations (SOPs, GMPs, GLPs, PSM, etc). Can serve as a maintenance advisor in areas of engineering (process design, material selection, documentation, calibration, testing and problem solving methodology, project scope and follow up). Responsible for priority assessment and decision making as it relates to troubleshooting, diagnostics, assembly, repair, and a proactive maintenance of systems and equipment in a cost effective manner.Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required.Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting.The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must.May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic).Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required.Heavy emphasis on refrigeration knowledge as this position primarily supports chiller operation in API Manufacturing for the Kalamazoo plant.**Please note, there are multiple openings for this position.&#
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Journeyman HVAC/R Technician / Apprentice (1st shift 7:00am 3:30pm)        
A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people. Pfizer, a global leader in the biopharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives. Journeyman Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Journeyman HVAC / R Mechanic required: Additional qualifications preferred: Universal EPA Refrigeration certification, Self-starter with ability to work independently. Apprentice Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Two years HVAC /R related experience preferred. Basic computer user skills are required (Microsoft systems). Blue print reading a plus Electrical diagram reading a plus Excellent communications Skills Strong work ethic and the ambition to be the best. Completion of the company apprenticeship program or its equivalent is required PHYSICAL/MENTAL REQUIREMENTS Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic). The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must. A Maintenance Mechanic working within the Operations and Utilities environment, performs preventive maintenance, modifies, installs, and maintains heating, ventilating, air conditioning and refrigeration systems, some of which are located in and/or support production areas. The Mechanic also provides customer training in the implementation of those systems in compliance with company standards and procedures and government regulations (SOPs, GMPs, GLPs, PSM, etc). Can serve as a maintenance advisor in areas of engineering (process design, material selection, documentation, calibration, testing and problem solving methodology, project scope and follow up). Responsible for priority assessment and decision making as it relates to troubleshooting, diagnostics, assembly, repair, and a proactive maintenance of systems and equipment in a cost effective manner. Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic). Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. Heavy emphasis on refrigeration knowledge as this position primarily supports chiller operation in API Manufacturing for the Kalamazoo plant. **Please note, there are multiple openings for this position. If you wish to be considered for all positions, you must apply to each separate job ID** • Journeyman must be skilled craftsmen in their trade, and have a minimum of (2) year technical degree and (3) years actual, practical working experience in the HVAC-R mechanical equipment service industry. Universal EPA Certification, Large Rooftop Units, Split Systems, Built Up Systems, Reciprocating Chillers, and Low Temp experience a plus, Controls experience a plus. Ability to troubleshoot HVAC-R controls and systems is required. Technical and operational knowledge of air cooled and water cooled chillers is preferred, particularly Large Tonnage Reciprocating, Scroll, Centrifugal &; Screw Chiller Diagnoses / Compressor Overhaul. Heavy emphasis on refrigeration knowledge as this position primarily supports chiller operation in API Manufacturing for the Kalamazoo plant. Good verbal and written communication skills • Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic) **EEO Statement** **EEO & Employment Eligibility** Pfizer is committed to equal opportunity in the terms and conditions of employment for all employees and job applicants without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, age, gender identity or gender expression, national origin, disability or veteran status. Pfizer also complies with all applicable national, state and local laws governing nondiscrimination in employment as well as work authorization and employment eligibility verification requirements of the Immigration and Nationality Act and IRCA. Pfizer is an E-Verify employer. **Sunshine Act** Pfizer reports payments and other transfers of value to health care providers as required by federal and state transparency laws and implementing regulations. These laws and regulations require Pfizer to provide government agencies with information such as a health care provider's name, address and the type of payments or other value received, generally for public disclosure. Subject to further legal review and statutory or regulatory clarification, which Pfizer intends to pursue, reimbursement of recruiting expenses for licensed physicians may constitute a reportable transfer of value under the federal transparency law commonly known as the Sunshine Act. Therefore, if you are a licensed physician who incurs recruiting expenses as a result of interviewing with Pfizer that we pay or reimburse, your name, address and the amount of payments made currently will be reported to the government. If you have questions regarding this matter, please do not hesitate to contact your Talent Acquisition representative. **Additional Offer Details:** + **Last Date to Apply for Job: August 17, 2017** + **Grade: 08** A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people. Pfizer, a global leader in the bio-pharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives. Pfizer is an equal opportunity employer and complies with all applicable equal employment opportunity legislation in each jurisdiction in which it operates.
          (USA-MI-Kalamazoo) Journeyman HVAC/R Technician / Apprentice (1st shift 7:00am 3:30pm)        
A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people. Pfizer, a global leader in the biopharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives. Journeyman Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Journeyman HVAC / R Mechanic required: Additional qualifications preferred: Universal EPA Refrigeration certification, Self-starter with ability to work independently. Apprentice Education Requirements: High school diploma / general education degree (GED) or Associates Degree or relevant Technical training. Two years HVAC /R related experience preferred. Basic computer user skills are required (Microsoft systems). Blue print reading a plus Electrical diagram reading a plus Excellent communications Skills Strong work ethic and the ambition to be the best. Completion of the company apprenticeship program or its equivalent is required PHYSICAL/MENTAL REQUIREMENTS Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic). The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must. A Maintenance Mechanic working within the Operations and Utilities environment, performs preventive maintenance, modifies, installs, and maintains heating, ventilating, air conditioning and refrigeration systems, some of which are located in and/or support production areas. The Mechanic also provides customer training in the implementation of those systems in compliance with company standards and procedures and government regulations (SOPs, GMPs, GLPs, PSM, etc). Can serve as a maintenance advisor in areas of engineering (process design, material selection, documentation, calibration, testing and problem solving methodology, project scope and follow up). Responsible for priority assessment and decision making as it relates to troubleshooting, diagnostics, assembly, repair, and a proactive maintenance of systems and equipment in a cost effective manner. Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, noisy, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic). Additional Duties and Responsibilities Include: May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. Heavy emphasis on refrigeration knowledge as this position primarily supports chiller operation in API Manufacturing for the Kalamazoo plant. **Please note, there are multiple openings for this position. If you wish to be considered for all positions, you must apply to each separate job ID** • Journeyman must be skilled craftsmen in their trade, and have a minimum of (2) year technical degree and (3) years actual, practical working experience in the HVAC-R mechanical equipment service industry. Universal EPA Certification, Large Rooftop Units, Split Systems, Built Up Systems, Reciprocating Chillers, and Low Temp experience a plus, Controls experience a plus. Ability to troubleshoot HVAC-R controls and systems is required. Technical and operational knowledge of air cooled and water cooled chillers is preferred, particularly Large Tonnage Reciprocating, Scroll, Centrifugal &; Screw Chiller Diagnoses / Compressor Overhaul. Heavy emphasis on refrigeration knowledge as this position primarily supports chiller operation in API Manufacturing for the Kalamazoo plant. Good verbal and written communication skills • Potential for exposure to hazardous materials, heights, temperature extremes, equipment in motion, dusty and dirty conditions, stooping, bending and heavy lifting. The proper use of the correct Personal Protective Equipment for each task as well as compliance with all applicable safety Standard Procedures is a must. May work variable shifts and 24 hour on call as required. Participates in multicraft work activities as required. (EMU craft generic) **EEO Statement** **EEO & Employment Eligibility** Pfizer is committed to equal opportunity in the terms and conditions of employment for all employees and job applicants without regard to race, color, religion, sex, sexual orientation, age, gender identity or gender expression, national origin, disability or veteran status. Pfizer also complies with all applicable national, state and local laws governing nondiscrimination in employment as well as work authorization and employment eligibility verification requirements of the Immigration and Nationality Act and IRCA. Pfizer is an E-Verify employer. **Sunshine Act** Pfizer reports payments and other transfers of value to health care providers as required by federal and state transparency laws and implementing regulations. These laws and regulations require Pfizer to provide government agencies with information such as a health care provider's name, address and the type of payments or other value received, generally for public disclosure. Subject to further legal review and statutory or regulatory clarification, which Pfizer intends to pursue, reimbursement of recruiting expenses for licensed physicians may constitute a reportable transfer of value under the federal transparency law commonly known as the Sunshine Act. Therefore, if you are a licensed physician who incurs recruiting expenses as a result of interviewing with Pfizer that we pay or reimburse, your name, address and the amount of payments made currently will be reported to the government. If you have questions regarding this matter, please do not hesitate to contact your Talent Acquisition representative. **Additional Offer Details:** + **Last Date to Apply for Job: August 16, 2017** + **Grade: 08** A career at Pfizer offers opportunity, ownership and impact. All over the world, Pfizer colleagues work together to positively impact health for everyone, everywhere. Our colleagues have the opportunity to grow and develop a career that offers both individual and company success; be part of an ownership culture that values diversity and where all colleagues are energized and engaged; and the ability to impact the health and lives of millions of people. Pfizer, a global leader in the bio-pharmaceutical industry, is continuously seeking top talent who are inspired by our purpose to innovate to bring therapies to patients that significantly improve their lives. Pfizer is an equal opportunity employer and complies with all applicable equal employment opportunity legislation in each jurisdiction in which it operates.
          Mens Shirt Lukas 2 Dark Blue Regular Fit Shirt         
Mens Shirt Lukas 2 Dark Blue Regular Fit Shirt

Mens Shirt Lukas 2 Dark Blue Regular Fit Shirt

Hugo Boss Black Lukas 2 Dark Blue Printed Regular Fit Shirt Micro printed, dark blue shirt Kent collar and removable collar stays  One button sleeve placket and sportsman cuff Micro printed shirt has a regular fit Pearlescent effect buttons Material composition: 100% cotton Care information: Machine washable, do not tumble dry Hugo Boss style name: Lukas 2 50302832


          Roberto Cavalli Kids Boys Blue Printed Padded Jacket         
Roberto Cavalli Kids Boys Blue Printed Padded Jacket

Roberto Cavalli Kids Boys Blue Printed Padded Jacket


          I Refuse To Write Crabby Stuff Even Though Daylight Saving Time Started This Week - Oh, And Happy Pi Day!        
Anyone who knows me knows that Daylight Saving Time really upsets the  rhythm of my life.  It started Sunday and I know from past experience that it will be almost a month before I get used to it.  Until then, I will be just slightly crabby - but that's not anyone else's fault, so I won't write that way.  So I thought, what do we all enjoy?  Chocolate, of course, but it is Lent, after all, so I went with second choice - Shoes.  It has just been within the last few months that I realized my go-to shoe is the Espadrille.  I have pairs from Target that I paid less than $10 for and Spanish pairs that I have paid 20 times that much for.  Cost per wear is much less than $1 when they eventually wear out.
 Target
 Talbots
 Via Spiga Sequined ones, Calypso St Barth Blue Print, and Pricy Andre Assous Braided Black  
      Stubbs and Wooten
Here are some new napkins I am making because nothing cheers me like a little sewing - even if it is just adding a hem.
And for the Mathematically Inclined, here is a Snickers Pie, made in a Pi pan, by my son Zach - in honor of Pi day, which only makes sense if you write your dates the US way, which would make today -  3-14.  (Get it? Pi is 3.14.)  (Roughly.)  And he is serving the Pi Pie at work at 1:59, in honor of an expanded version - 3.14159.  Nerds rule!

          Secretary Villanueva’s REAL DEAL        
googling... i finally found the REAL DEAL of our DG. What is it?


Secretary Villanueva’s REAL DEAL

Upon his assumption as Director General of TESDA, July of last year, Secretary Joel Villanueva initiated a comprehensive study and research of TESDA.s platform of governance which will truly answer the what, where, when, who and how the Agency place itself to benefit the greater part of the community it serves.

Finally he was able to come-up with a program which focuses on Post-Secondary Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and he called this “REAL DEAL TESD” .He presented this program during the 27th TESDA Board meeting last November 26, 2010 and was adopted by the TESDA Secretariat Core Executive Committee last December 7, 2010.

In the first General Directorate Conference held for this year last January 13-14, 2011 in Manila, Secretary Joel Villanueva laid out the REAL DEAL TESD Program to the whole directorate and this will now become the platform of governance for all of TESDA.

DEFINITION

For the purpose of this policy, "REAL DEAL TESD" is defined as the new TESDA's governance platform for managing technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in the Philippines with stewardship and inclusiveness as its twin underpinning principles. 

REAL DEAL. is both an acronym and symbolic definition of the new TESDA management’s desire to marshal the entire resources of TESDA towards proactive response to the Aquino administration’s call for “Landas na Matuwid” and do away with a government that is insensitive to the plight of the ordinary citizen (“Dito magtatapos ang gobyernong manhid sa daing ng taong bayan.”)

As an acronym, "REAL DEAL" stands for the instruction of TESDA top manangement to: "Reach the grassroots, Empower the reached. Assure quality training and Lifelong education Development. Enable, and Actively-engage Labor force members in job opportunities thru employability and livelihood skills".

As a symbolic definition “REAL DEAL” is the conviction to deliver quality TESD services that are outcome-based and performed in accordance with the ISO 9001:2008-anchored Government Quality Management System Standards (GQMSS).

The Pilipino translation of the REAL DEAL TESD Stewardship Platform is “Bukas at matapat na ugnayan
para sa makatotohanan at makabuluhang pagsasanay ng manggagawang Pilipino”

INTENT

Stewardship connotes fealty to the TESDA Law goals and objectives and fiduciary responsibility over public and private investments in TVET. Inclusiveness on the other hand, ensures the provision accessible and motivating learning experiences for a diverse range of TVET learners. This means varying circumstances and attributes of individuals, and it means developing infrastructures, at all levels of the organization, that make it t respond to individual needs in a straightforward manner.

The "REAL DEAL" TESD stewardship platform does not replace the National Technical Education and Skills Development Plan (NTESDP) which is the legally mandated national blue print for middle- level skill development in the Philippines. Rather, "REAL DEAL" was conceived to ensure a disciplined approach to implementing TESDA plans and programs to realize middle-level education and training outcomes that are relevant, efficient and effective as felt and perceived by TESDA clients and beneficiaries. 


The inclusiveness requirement of the REAL DEAL TESD Platform seeks to address issues of quality, access, equity and adequacy I TVET system management and necessarily calls for genuine and effective community engagement especially in remote areas and island-provinces of the country.

The Authority understands the adequacy aspect of „REALDEAL. TESD TVET interventions to contain seven (7) good training features, as follows:

1. Training Component, that is relevant to labor market needs, with a focus on participants. needs, has good coordination, high practical content and personal development
2. Needs Assessment, which is based on labor market surveys, target group consultation, research, training needs assessment (TNA), tracer studies, and systematic data collection
3. Physical infrastructure, e;g., training venues, equipment, transportation
4. Coordination/cooperation between provincial TESD offices, local community, and other stakeholders, between TESD committees, TESA and TVET providers, with commitment from TESDA
COROPOTI, civil society an funding agencies.
5. Labor market/social support, which includes, but not limited to vocational guidance and counseling, job placement, self-employment training, technical assistance, market information and TVET delivery sub-contracts.
6. Financial support, e.g, micro-credit, training vouchers, scholarship grants
7. Awareness creation and information sharing for: community, employers and stakeholders

The Authority also recognizes and supports, the Aquino administration’s preference for engaging public-private partnerships as well the members of the grassroots community. Community engagement for the purpose, is understood to require.

 
  • Information: To provide key stakeholders and members of the grassroots community with objective and balanced information on TESDA policies, plans and strategies;

  • Consulation: To obtain feedback from the community and key stakeholders to enable a broader understanding by TESDA management and implementing staff of the local needs, concerns and priorities prior to decision-making.

  • Participation: to enhance community ownership of decisions and resultant outcomes and commitment of the decisions made, through involvement in discussion of issues and options.


OBJECTIVES

1. To provide a framework that encourages a relationship with the whole operation of TESDA as TVET Authority. It should be read in conjunction with the National TESD Plan and the TESDA Corporate Plan. 
2. To encourage subsector stakeholder engagement practices that draw on the skills and wisdom of citizens in order to add value to decision-making processes. It should be emphasized however that the ultimate responsibility for decision-making rests with Authority. 
3. To ensure that TESD engagement is clearly linked to the goals, and objectives of the NTESD, and Corporate Plans.
4. To ensure that TESD activities within the community are inclusive of all members of the community.
5. To foster collaboration and cooperation between the Authority and the TVET subsector, including other spheres of government in the planning and implementation of programs and services for the targeted client-beneficiary base.
6. To increase the TVET subsector stakeholder’s understanding of TESDA and TVET through improved relationships and communication.

POLICY PRINCIPLES

1. That TESDA will provide genuine opportunities for informed community and stakeholder engagement in decision-making in a framework of local democracy
2. That community engagement and public-private partnership form an integral part of the development, implementation and evaluation of TESDA policies, programs and services
3. That Authority will adopt open, accountable processes through which individuals and groups can exchange views and influence policy or decision-making.
4. That there is transparency and accountability in the TESD planning, organizing and delivery process which is open, two-way and ongoing
5. That opportunities will be provided to encourage increased access by people living in grassroots communities in the remote areas and island-provinces, people from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds to discussions about TESDA initiatives which are likely to impact upon them.
6. That day-to-day operations and administration and administration of the Authority shall reflect the philosophical objectives of this policy.
7. That all TVET programs authorized for delivery to the public shall be subjected to rigorous cycle of outcome-based evaluation applying the assessment criteria of economic relevance, effectiveness and efficiency (EREE).

This policy confirms the commitment of the TESDA top management to ensure that the following goals and objectives of the TESDA Act are consistently addressed in every TESD undertaking.

1. Promote and strengthen the quality of technical education and skills development programs to attain international competitiveness;
2. Focus technical education and skills development on meeting the changing emands for quality middle-level manpower
3. Encourage critical and creative thinking by disseminating the scientific and technical knowledge base of middle-level manpower development programs;
4. Recognize and encourage the complimentary roles of public and private institutions in technical education and skills development and training systems; and
5. Inculcate desirable values through the development of moral character with emphasis on work ethic, self-discipline, self-reliance and nationalism.

The “REAL DEAL” TESD Stewardship Platform takes off from the National Training Policy enunciated in Sec.2 of the TESDA Act of 1994, which states:

“Provide relevant, accessible, high quality and efficient technical education and skills development in support of the development of high quality Filipino middle level manpower responsive to and in accordance with Philippine development goals and priorities.”

 â€œEncourage active participation of various sectors, particularly private enterprises, being direct participants in, and immediate beneficiaries of, a trained and skilled workforce, in providing technical education and skills development opportunities”




          Homeschool Preschool: The Playing Preschool Program        

Ever wish you knew exactly what to do with your little one each day? Do you ever wish you had a blue print for what to do with your kids? “Teach them this, read them this, talk to them about this, do this activity with them.” I know I do. Can you imagine the relief […]

The post Homeschool Preschool: The Playing Preschool Program appeared first on Busy Toddler.


          Bab 13 : Sistem Kliring dan Pemindahan Dana Elektronik di Indonesia        

1.      Prinsip Kliring

Kliring (dari Bahasa Inggris “clearing”) sebagai suatu istilah dalam dunia perbankan dan keuangan menunjukkan suatu aktivitas yang berjalan sejak saat terjadinya kesepakatan untuk suatu transaksi hingga selesainya pelaksanaan kesepakatan tersebut. Kliring sangat dibutuhkan sebab kecepatan dalam dunia perdagangan jauh lebih cepat daripada waktu yang dibutuhkan guna melengkapi pelaksanaan asset transaksi. Klorong melibatkan manajemen dari paska perdagangan pra penyelesaian, ekposur kredit guan memastikan bahwa transaksi dagang terselesaikan sesuai dengan aturan pasar walaupun pembeli maupun penjual menjadi tidak mampu melaksanakan penyelesaian kesepakatannya. Proses kliring adalah termasuk pelaporan pemantauan marjin risiko netting transaksi dagang menjadi posisi tunggal, penanganan, perpajakan dan penanganan kegagalan.

Di Amerika, kliring antar bank dilaksanakan melalui Automated Clearing House (ACH), dimana aturan dan regulasinya diatur oleh NACHA-The Electronic Payments Association,yang dahulu dikenal dengan nama National Automated Clearing House Association, serta Federal Reserve. Jaringan ACH ini akan bertindak selaku pusat fasilitas kliring untuk semua transaksi transfer dana secara elektronik. Kliring antar bank atas cek dilaksanakan oleh bank koresponden dan Federal Reserve.

Sistem kliring yang dilaksanakan BI saat ini sudah dapat berlangsung secara nasional melalui Sistem Kliring Nasional BI (SKNBI). Maksudnya, proses kliring baik kliring debet maupun kliring kredit yang penyelesaian akhirnya dilakukan secara nasional. Selain itu ada tiga sistem kliring lain yang lazim dikenal, yakni Sistem manual, Sistem Semi Otomasi, dan Sistem Otomasi. Kliring manual adalah penyelenggaraan kliring lokal yang dalam perhitungan, pembuatan bilyet saldo kliring serta pemilihan warkat dilakukan secara manual oleh setiap peserta kliring. Perhitungan kliring didasarkan pada warkat yang dikliringkan oleh peserta kliring.

Sedangkan sistem semi otomasi adalah kliring lokal yang perhitungan dan pembuatan bilyet saldo kliring dilakukan secara otomasi melalui alat bantu komputer. Namun pemilihan warkat tetap dilakukan secara manual oleh bank peserta kliring. Sementara sistem kliring lokal yang dalam perhitungan dan pembuatan bilyet saldo kliring dan pemilahan warkat dilakukan secara otomatis dengan bantuan komputer.

2.      Informasi Pada Check dan Struktur Kode MIRC


Di dalam chek code ini terdapat berbagai informasi yang berkaitan dengan transaksi nasabah. Mulai dari Paye, Draw e, Draw bank, Drawer Account, Chek number, Amoun, Currency , Payee Bank Number, Payee account, Dat, Autorized signature of makers.

 3.      Sistem Kliring Elektronik di Indonesia

 Pengertian umum kliring adalah pertukaran warkat atau data keuangan elektronik antar bank baik atas nama Bank maupun nasabah yang hasil perhitungannya diselesaikan pada waktu tertentu.  Penyelenggaraan kliring di Jakarta pada awalnya dilaksanakan secara manual. Namun dalam perkembangannya, sejalan dengan meningkatnya transaksi perekonomian nasional khususnya di Jakarta dimana pada akhir tahun 1989 volume warkat telah mencapai 82.052 lembar warkat perhari dengan jumlah bank peserta mencapai 613 bank. Hal ini menyebabkan penyelenggaraan kliring secara manual dirasakan tidak efektif dan efisien lagi dan suasana pertemuan kliring yang hiruk pikuk sering kali diibaratkan dengan suasana “pasar burung”.